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Search results - "Pontic"
Thrace_Gorg.jpg
61 viewsTHRACE; Apollonia Pontica. Circa 450-400 BC. AR Hemidrachm (2.76 gm; 12 mm).
Anchor between crayfish and A. / Gorgoneion with tongue protruding. SNG Cop. 454; SNG BM 162
2 commentspaul1888
image~20.jpg
000a. L. Sulla and L. Manlius Toruatus33 viewsL. Sulla and L. Manlius Torquatus. 82 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.89 g, 7h). Military mint moving with Sulla. Helmeted head of Roma right / Sulla driving triumphal quadriga right, holding branch and reins, being crowned by Victory flying left. Crawford 367/5; Sydenham 757 or 757a; Manlia 4 or 5. Near VF, toned, a few light scratches on the obverse.

From the Elwood Rafn Collection.

As consul for the year 88 BC, Sulla was awarded the coveted assignment of suppressing the revolt of Mithradates VI of Pontus, but political maneuvers resulted in this assignment being transferred to Marius. In response, Sulla turned his army on Rome, captured it, and reclaimed his command against Mithradates. His prosecution of the first Mithradatic War was successful, but he spared the Pontic king for personal gain. In 83 BC, Sulla returned to Italy as an outlaw, but he was able to win the support of many of the leading Romans. Within a year, he fought his way to Rome, where he was elected dictator. It was during this campaign to Rome that this denarius was struck. The obverse type represents Sulla's claim to be acting in Rome's best interest. The reverse shows Sulla enjoying the highest honor to which a Roman could aspire: the celebration of a triumph at Rome.
ecoli
RepCoin3Black.jpg
367/5 L. Manlius Torquatus.26 viewsL. Manlius Torquatus. AR Denarius. 82 BC. Military mint moving with Sulla. Obv: L·MANLI -I – PRO Q. Helmeted head of Roma right. Rev: Sulla driving triumphal quadriga right, crowned by Victory flying left; in exergue, L·SVLLA·IMP.
Syd 757; Manlia 4;Crawford 367/5

I had no idea that this was related to Sulla when I bought it. I do now. Military mint!

As consul for the year 88 BC, Sulla was awarded the coveted assignment of suppressing the revolt of Mithradates VI of Pontus, but political maneuvers resulted in this assignment being transferred to Marius. In response, Sulla turned his army on Rome, captured it, and reclaimed his command against Mithradates. His prosecution of the first Mithradatic War was successful, but he spared the Pontic king for personal gain. In 83 BC, Sulla returned to Italy as an outlaw, but he was able to win the support of many of the leading Romans. Within a year he fought his way to Rome, where he was elected dictator. It was during this campaign to Rome that this (....) was struck. The obverse type represents Sulla's claim to be acting in Rome's best interest. The reverse shows Sulla enjoying the highest honor to which a Roman could aspire, the celebration of a triumph at Rome.






Paddy
a06.jpg
Apollonia Pontica201 views450-400 B.C.
Silver drachm,
2.50 g., 14 mm.
Rev: Gorgoneion head facing, straight vertical hair with horizontal lines on her forehead
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right

As featured in Forvm's Fake Coin Reports :-(
2 commentsJaimelai
34obv.jpg
Apollonia Pontica26 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
Silver Drachm
1 commentsJaimelai
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Apollonia Pontica92 views450 – 425 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.14 gm, 15 mm
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with wild hair and snakes
Obv.: Anchor; A to right, crayfish to left.
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44
Sear Vol. 1, p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
1 commentsJaimelai
a1_obv_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica48 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
Silver Drachm
2 commentsJaimelai
heads_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica30 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
Silver Drachm
Jaimelai
medusa.JPG
Apollonia Pontica31 views450 – 404 B.C.
Silver Drachm
Jaimelai
AP5_a.jpg
Apollonia Pontica83 views450 - 425 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.20 gm, 12-14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing with hair in tufts

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
Capture_00016.JPG
Apollonia Pontica56 views450 – 425 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.28 gm, 14 mm
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
1 commentsJaimelai
Capture_00174_white.JPG
Apollonia Pontica99 views450 – 424 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.26 gm, 14.5 mm
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with
beaded hair in tuffs, surrounded by thin snakes
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 586, 42 (corrected)
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type 1. C. Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: Late Issues (450-424 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and curved stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right.
Rev.: Full-face Gordon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
3 commentsJaimelai
Capture_00003_(2).JPG
Apollonia Pontica139 views450 – 425 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.32 gm, 13.5 mm
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with
beaded hair, surrounded by thin snakes
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 586, 42 (corrected)
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol on the left, A on the right - Gorgon's Head" Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and curved stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right.
Rev.: Full-face Gordon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
4 commentsJaimelai
003~4.JPG
Apollonia Pontica72 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.24 gm., 14 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Gorgon head facing in archaic Ionian style with hair in pellets
Topalov Apollonia p. 584, 38
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: First Early Issues (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
1 commentsJaimelai
Apollonia_Pontica_GCV_1655.JPG
Apollonia Pontica52 viewsObv: Gorgoneian head facing with wild hair and protruding tongue.

Rev: Anchor, A to left, crayfish to right.

Silver Drachm, Apollonia Pontica, Thrace, c. 400 - 350 BC

2.7 grams, 15 mm, 0°

GCV 1655
SPQR Coins
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Apollonia Pontica67 views450 – 425 B.C.
Silver Drachm
1 commentsJaimelai
medusas_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica115 views480 - 324 B.C.

150 years of Apollonia Pontica Medusa!
4 commentsJaimelai
ap_fake.jpg
Apollonia Pontica11 views540/535 – 530 B.C.
Fake Silver Half Obol
0.62 gm, 7.75 mm
Obv.: Anchor with loop eye and dots below
Rev: Swastika with arms (fish, crayfish?) bent left, dot in center, two spikes in each sector
Topalov Apollonia p. 568, 13; HGC 3, 1325 (obol);
SNG Bulgaria 2, 69-73 (tritartemorion)

Reasons to believe fake: fabric appears wrong; shape of anchor off, flukes curved wrong; stock/flukes carved on top of shaft instead of behind; one dot instead of four for this size coin; artificial toning; seller had many other fakes listed as well.

Jaimelai
Apollonia_pontica~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica - AR diobol18 viewsc. 4th century BC
facing laureate head of Apollo
anchor upside down; crayfish right
A
Topalov Apollonia p. 386, 4; SNG BM 167; SNG Stancomb 41; SNG Cop 459
1,20g
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
1234_Apollonia_Pontika2.jpg
Apollonia Pontica - AR Drachm6 viewsc. 450-404 BC
facing head of Medusa
anchor flukes up; crayfish right
A
SNG Cop 456; SNG BM 160, SNG Stancomb 37
Johny SYSEL
Apollonia_Pontica.jpg
Apollonia Pontica - AR hemidrachm36 viewsmid-late 4th century BC
facing head of Medusa
anchor flukes up
A / crayfish
Apollonia p. 347, 1; SNG BM Black Sea 160-1, SNG Cop. 456ff
3,24g 13mm
Johny SYSEL
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Apollonia Pontica -Black Cabinet Special47 viewsSilver Obol?
0.69 gm, 9.0 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: “short cross”
forger’s trial piece?
Obverse appears to be copied from the reverse of an Apollonia Pontica silver diobol while the reverse is of unknown design
1 commentsJaimelai
apolo_dr.jpg
Apollonia Pontica AR Drachm3 viewsThrace, Apollonia Pontica. AR Drachm, 3.26 gr., 15 mm. Circa late 5th-4th century BC. Obv. - Anchor, A to left, crayfish to right. Rev. - Gorgoneion. SNG BM Black Sea 153-7; SNG Copenhagen 452. maxthrax
ApolloniaPontica.jpg
APOLLONIA PONTICA AR Drachm BMC IX, Black Sea 150-151, Gorgon37 viewsOBV: Gorgoneian facing with snakes for hair and a protruding tongue
REV: An anchor flanked by letter A and a crayfish
3.13g, 14-15mm

Minted 450-400 BC
1 commentsLegatus
drachm.jpg
Apollonia Pontica drachm19 viewsThrace; Apollonia Pontica AR drachm, 450–400 B.C. 2.91g. Obv: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right. Rev.: Gorgoneion head facing. Sear GCV I: 1655 var (Sear describes obverse type with A to right and crayfish to left).kaitsuburi
pontika.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Drachm34 viewsObv: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right. Rev.: Gorgoneion head facing. 2.91 g. Adrian S
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Apollonia Pontica Drachm80 views"fool me once..."1 commentsJaimelai
ap_broken_die_50_2.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Drachm - Thracian Imitation24 viewsAnd now I have 6 of these from the same broken reverse die. Two of these were Forum purchases, one of which Dr. Prokopov has identified this as a tribal (Celtic?) imitative.Jaimelai
puoli.jpg
Apollonia Pontica hemidrachm23 viewsThrace; Apollonia Pontica, Silver hemidrachm (diobol), 450–400 B.C. 1.31g. Obv: Laureate head of Apollo facing. Rev: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right. Sear GCV I: 1657

kaitsuburi
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Apollonia Pontica Topalov 01 - Bronze Two-Sided Arrowhead Coin Denomination 4175 views7th - 6th Centuries B.C.
5.23 gm, 45 mm

Topalov Type: "Two Sided Arrowhead Coin of Denomination 4" Early type (7th-6th c. B.C.)
Obv.: Cast convex surface having the contour of an arrowhead, the body of the arrowhead having a thick, bulging rib thinner towards the tip. The earliest specimens have a small hole having no determinate function in the place where the metal part joins the wooden stem of the arrow. The contour is usually outlined by a slightly bulging continuous line.
Rev.: same as obverse
Topalov Apollonia p.140-1, 1-6; p. 560, 1
SNG BMC 218; SNG Stancomb 24, 27
.
Jaimelai
arrow_2.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 04 - Bronze Two-Sided Arrowhead Coin Intermediate Type Denomination 421 views6th Century B.C.
3.54 gm, 33 mm
Obv.: Cast convex surface having the contour of an arrowhead, the body of the arrowhead having a thick, bulging rib thinner towards the tip.
Reverse as obverse
Topalov Apollonia p.143-4 11-12; p.731
SNG BMC 218

Topalov Type 4. Two-sided Arrowhead coin intermediate type Bronze Denomination 4(?) (6th c. B.C.) Obverse: Cast convex surface having the contour of an arrow-head, the body of the arrow-head having a thick bulging rib thinner towards the tip. The contour is usually outlined by a slightly bulging continuous line.
Reverse: Cast convex surface having the contour of an arrow-head, the body of the arrow-head having a thick bulging rib thinner towards the tip. The contour is usually outlined by a slightly bulging continuous line.
Jaimelai
ap_50_2.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 08 - Silver Half-Drachm/Diobol43 views550-540/535 B.C.
2.12 gm, 11.3 mm
Obv: Upright anchor; blank to left, crayfish to left
Rev.: Swastika arms bent left, deeply engraved into flan (as four dolphins?)
Topalov Apollonia p.245, 1-2; p.564, 8;

Topalov Type: Silver half drachmas (?)/diobols (?) (as per the system of Aegina) of the type “upright anchor with thin flukes and a thin shaft - swastika in a deep groove” (550-540/535 B.C.)
Obverse: Upright anchor with thin flukes and a thin stock. Side view of the additional symbol of a crab l. between the fluke and the stock.
Reverse: Schematic view of a swastika with arms bent to the left deeply engraved in the flan.
Jaimelai
2760053.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 09 - Silver Drachm62 views550-540/535 B.C.
4.15 gm, 11.5-15.5 mm
Obv: Upright anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Swastika arms bent right
Topalov Apollonia p. 564, 9

Topalov Type: “Upright Anchor a crab viewed sideways – Swastika in a deep grove” (550-540/535 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with thin flukes and a thin stock. Side view of the additional symbol of a crab right between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Schematic view of a swastika with arms bent to the right deeply engraved in the flan.
1 commentsJaimelai
AP_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 10 - Silver Drachm60 views540-535/525 B.C.
3.51 gm., 13.5 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Swastika with arms bent left, dolphins with heads pointed outward in-between each arm
Topalov Apollonia p. 566, 12, p.250-3, 1-16
SNG Stancomb 30

Topalov Type: “Upright Anchor – Swastika: First Intermediate Issues” (540-535/525 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with thin flukes and a thin stock. Side view of the additional symbol of a crab (or view from above) right between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Schematic view of a swastika in sectors concave with arms bent to the left. A dolphin as an additional symbol in every one of the sectors. Dolphins’ heads point from the center of the swastika outwards.

Jaimelai
AP_50~2.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 12 - Silver Drachm56 views525-519/512 B.C.
3.47 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Upright anchor with thin flukes and thin stock; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Swastika arms bent left, deeply engraved into flan with dolphin in each sector, head facing to center, raised areas ending in teeth
Topalov Apollonia p. 255-7, 1-5; p. 564, 12;
SNG Bulgaria 2, 60-63; SNG Stancomb 31;
[SNG Copenhagen 451]

Topalov Type: The last intermediate issues of coins of the type “upright anchor - swastika” have a swastika represented like a sketch and consisting of four concave sectors ending with “teeth”. Dolphins’ head points to the center of the swastika.

Drachmas (?)/tetrobols (?) (as per the system of Aegina) of the type “upright anchor with thin flukes and a thin stock - swastika in a deep groove” (525-519/512 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with thin flukes and a thin stock. Side view of the additional symbol of a crab (or viewed from above) r. between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Swastika represented like a sketch and consisting of four concave sectors ending with “teeth”. A dolphin as an additional symbol in every one of the sectors. Dolphins’ head points to the center of the swastika.
Jaimelai
Apollonia_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 12 - Silver Drachm18 views525-519/512 B.C.
3.51 gm, 13 mm
Obv: Upright anchor with thin flukes and thin stock; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Swastika arms bent left, deeply engraved into flan with dolphin in each sector, head facing to center, raised areas ending in teeth
Topalov Apollonia p. 255-7, 1-5; p. 564, 12;
SNG Bulgaria 2, 60-63; SNG Stancomb 31;
[SNG Copenhagen 451]

Topalov Type: The last intermediate issues of coins of the type “upright anchor - swastika” have a swastika represented like a sketch and consisting of four concave sectors ending with “teeth”. Dolphins’ head points to the center of the swastika.

Drachmas (?)/tetrobols (?) (as per the system of Aegina) of the type “upright anchor with thin flukes and a thin stock - swastika in a deep groove” (525-519/512 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with thin flukes and a thin stock. Side view of the additional symbol of a crab (or viewed from above) r. between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Swastika represented like a sketch and consisting of four concave sectors ending with “teeth”. A dolphin as an additional symbol in every one of the sectors. Dolphins’ head points to the center of the swastika.
Jaimelai
001_(3).JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 13 - Silver Half Obol57 views540/535 – 530 B.C.
0.40 gm, 6.9 mm
Obv.: Anchor with loop eye and dots below
Rev: Swastika with arms bent left, dot in center, two dolphin/fish in each sector
Topalov Apollonia p. 568, 13

Topalov Type: Half obols (?) Upright Anchor – Swastika in concave sectors with additional schematic images of eight dolphins or fish (540/535-530 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with thin flukes and thin stock. A group of dots under stock (probably four?).
Rev.: Schematic image of swastika (with arms bent to the left) in concave sectors forming a square. Two lines representing schematic images of two dolphins or two fish in every sector.
Jaimelai
053~0.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 13 - Silver Half Obol 56 views540/535 – 530 B.C.
0.40 gm, 6.9 mm
Obv.: Anchor with loop eye and dots below
Rev: Swastika with arms bent left, dot in center, two dolphin/fish in each sector
Topalov Apollonia p. 568, 13; p. 258, 4

Topalov Type: Half obols (?) Upright Anchor – Swastika in concave sectors with additional schematic images of eight dolphins or fish (540/535-530 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with thin flukes and thin stock. A group of dots under stock (probably four?).
Rev.: Schematic image of swastika in concave sectors forming a square. Two lines representing schematic images of two dolphins or two fish in every sector.
Jaimelai
ap2~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 13 - Silver Half Obol7 views540/535 – 530 B.C.
Silver Half Obol
0.34 gm, 8 mm
Obv.: Thin fluked anchor with loop eye and three dots below right
Rev: Swastika with arms bent left, dot in center, two lines (dolphin/fish?) in each sector
Topalov Apollonia p. 568, 13; (half obol)
HGC 3, 1325 (obol);
SNG Bulgaria 2, 69-73 var. - dot placement (tritartemorion)

Topalov Type 13: Half obols (?) Upright Anchor – Swastika in concave sectors with additional schematic images of eight dolphins or fish (540/535-530 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with thin flukes and thin stock. A group of dots under stock (probably four?).
Rev.: Schematic image of swastika (with arms bent to the left) in concave sectors forming a square. Two lines representing schematic images of two dolphins or two fish in every sector.
Jaimelai
071.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 14 - Silver Quarter Obol39 views540/535 – 519/512 B.C.
0.27 gm, 5.6 mm
Obv.: Upright anchor with loop eye
Rev: Swastika in incuse square with arms bent left, two dolphin/fish in each sector
Topalov Apollonia p. 568, 14

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor – Swastika in concave sectors with additional schematic images of eight dolphins or fish (540/535 -519/512 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with thin flukes and a thin stock. A group of dots under the stock (probably two).
Rev.: Schematic image of a swastika (with arms bent to the left) in concave sectors forming a square. Two lines representing schematic images of two dolphins or two fish in every sector.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
001~6.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 17 - Silver Half Obol48 views519/512 – 480/478 B.C.
0.35 gm, 7.0 mm
Obv.: Anchor with dots below
Rev: Swastika with arms bent right, two dolphin/fish in each sector
Topalov Apollonia p. 570, 17

Topalov Type: Half obols (?) Upright Anchor – Swastika in concave sectors with additional schematic images of eight dolphins or fish (519/512-480/478 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with relatively thick flukes and stock. A group of dots under stock (possibly two left and two right).
Rev.: Swastika with thick arms bent to the right forming an incuse square. Two lines representing schematic images of dolphins or fish in every sector.
Jaimelai
068.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 17 - Silver Half Obol32 views519/512 – 480/478 B.C.
0.41 gm, 7.19 mm
Obv.: Anchor with dots below
Rev: Swastika with arms bent right, two dolphin/fish in each sector
Topalov Apollonia p. 570, 17

Topalov Type: Half obols (?) Upright Anchor – Swastika in concave sectors with additional schematic images of eight dolphins or fish (519/512-480/478 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with relatively thick flukes and stock. A group of dots under stock (possibly two left and two right).
Rev.: Swastika with thick arms bent to the right forming an incuse square. Two lines representing schematic images of dolphins or fish in every sector.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
057~2.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 17 - Silver Half Obol27 views519/512 – 480/478 B.C.
Silver Half Obol
0.37 gm, 6.7 mm
Obv.: Anchor with dots below
Rev: Swastika with arms bent right, two dolphin/fish in each sector
Topalov Apollonia p. 570, 17

Topalov Type: Half obols (?) Upright Anchor – Swastika in concave sectors with additional schematic images of eight dolphins or fish (519/512-480/478 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with relatively thick flukes and stock. A group of dots under stock (possibly two left and two right).
Rev.: Swastika with thick arms bent to the right forming an incuse square. Two lines representing schematic images of dolphins or fish in every sector.
Jaimelai
001~4.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 18 - Silver Quarter Obol57 views519/512 – 480/478 B.C.
0.26 gm, 6.42 mm
Obv.: Anchor
Rev: Swastika in incuse square with arms bent right, two dolphin/fish in each sector
Topalov Apollonia p. 570, 18

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor – Swastika in concave sectors with additional schematic images of eight dolphins or fish (519/512 -480/478 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with relatively thick flukes and stock.
Rev.: Swastika with relatively thick arms bent to the left or right in an incuse square. Two lines representing schematic images of two dolphins or two fish in every sector.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
2 commentsJaimelai
ap~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 18 - Silver Quarter Obol13 views519/512 – 480/478 B.C.
0.18 gm, 5 mm
Obv.: Upright Anchor
Rev: Swastika in incuse square with arms bent right, two lines (dolphin/fish) in each sector
Topalov Apollonia p. 570, 18; p. 266, 2
HGC 3.2, 1326

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor – Swastika in concave sectors with additional schematic images of eight dolphins or fish (519/512 -480/478 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with relatively thick flukes and stock.
Rev.: Swastika with relatively thick arms bent to the left or right in an incuse square. Two lines representing schematic images of two dolphins or two fish in every sector.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
ap18d.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 18 - Silver Quarter Obol14 views519/512 – 480/478 B.C.
Silver Quarter Obol
0.29 gm, 6.0 mm
Obv.: Upright/Inverted Anchor with big flukes with dots under stock
Rev: Swastika in incuse square with winged arms bent right, two lines (dolphin/fish or crayfish claws) in each sector
Topalov Apollonia p. 570, 18; p. 266, 1;
HGC 3, 1326 (hemiobol);
SNG Bulgaria II, 94 var. (hemiobol, no “A”)

Two dots under the stock of this coin may indicate that it is a hemiobol although the weight, 0.29 grams, is closer to the Aeginetan quarterobol standard of 0.25 grams (hemiobol is 0.51 grams).

Topalov Type 18: Quarterobols (as per the system of Aegina (0.25 g)) – “Upright Anchor – Swastika in concave sectors with additional schematic images of eight dolphins or fish” (519/512 -480/478 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with relatively big flukes and stock. A group of dots under the stock (probably one l. and one r.).
Rev.: Schematic image of swastika (with arms bent to the right) in a concave square. Two lines representing schematic images of two dolphins or two fish in every sector.
Jaimelai
AP.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 18 var. - Silver Quarter Obol22 views519/512 – 480/478 B.C.
0.20 gm, 5.49 mm
Obv.: Anchor with A to left
Rev: Swastika with arms bent right, two lines (dolphin/fish) in each sector
Topalov Apollonia p. 570, 18 var.; p. 266, 1

Topalov Type 18: Quarter obols (?) Upright Anchor – Swastika in concave sectors with additional schematic images of eight dolphins or fish (519/512-480/478 B.C.)
Obv: Upright anchor with relatively big flukes and stock. A group of dots under the stock (probably one l. and one r.).
Rev.: Schematic image of swastika (with arms bent to the right) in a concave square. Two lines representing schematic images of two dolphins or two fish in every sector

Topalov, Stavri. Apollonia Pontica. Contribution to the Study of the Coin Minting of the City 6th-1st c. B.C.
Jaimelai
ap2.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 18 var. - Silver Quarter Obol14 views519/512 – 480/478 B.C.
0.22 gm, 5 mm
Obv.: Anchor with A to left
Rev: Swastika with arms bent right, two lines (dolphin/fish) in each sector
Topalov Apollonia p. 570, 18 var.; p. 266, 1

Topalov Type 18: Quarter obols (?) Upright Anchor – Swastika in concave sectors with additional schematic images of eight dolphins or fish (519/512-480/478 B.C.)
Obv: Upright anchor with relatively big flukes and stock. A group of dots under the stock (probably one l. and one r.).
Rev.: Schematic image of swastika (with arms bent to the right) in a concave square. Two lines representing schematic images of two dolphins or two fish in every sector

Topalov, Stavri. Apollonia Pontica. Contribution to the Study of the Coin Minting of the City 6th-1st c. B.C.
Jaimelai
Capture_00101.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 19 - Silver Half Obol96 views519/512 – 480/478 B.C.
0.31 gm, 7 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left,
Rev: Swastika with arms bent right, two dolphin/fish in each sector
Topalov Apollonia p. 572, 19;
SNG BM 149; Moushmov 3146.

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor, A – Swastika in concave sectors with additional schematic images of eight dolphins or fish (519/512-480/478 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with relatively big flukes and stock. A group of dots under stock. The letter A under the left or the right fluke and above the stock.
Rev.: Schematic image of swastika (with arms bent left or right) in concave square. Two lines representing schematic images of two dolphins or two fish in every sector.
2 commentsJaimelai
072~1.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 19 - Silver Half Obol65 views519/512 – 480/478 B.C.
0.34 gm, 6.7 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, dots below
Rev: Swastika with arms bent right, two dolphin/fish in each sector
Topalov Apollonia p. 572, 19

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor, A – Swastika in concave sectors with additional schematic images of eight dolphins or fish (519/512-480/478 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with relatively big flukes and stock. A group of dots under stock. The letter A under the left or the right fluke and above the stock.
Rev.: Schematic image of swastika (with arms bent left or right) in concave square. Two lines representing schematic images of two dolphins or two fish in every sector.
Jaimelai
IMG_0040_(2).JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 19 - Silver Half Obol18 views519/512 – 480/478 B.C.
0.34 gm, 6.7 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, dots below
Rev: Swastika with arms bent right, two dolphin/fish in each sector
Topalov Apollonia p. 572, 19

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor, A – Swastika in concave sectors with additional schematic images of eight dolphins or fish (519/512-480/478 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with relatively big flukes and stock. A group of dots under stock. The letter A under the left or the right fluke and above the stock.
Rev.: Schematic image of swastika (with arms bent left or right) in concave square. Two lines representing schematic images of two dolphins or two fish in every sector.
Jaimelai
Arrow_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 28 - Bronze One-Sided Arrowhead Denomination 123 viewsEarly 5th Century B.C.
1.04 gm, 24x8 mm
Obverse: Cast convex surface having the contour of an arrowhead with a uniformly thick bulging rib.
Reverse: Flat surface of an arrow-head without any images and inscriptions.
Topalov Apollonia p.148-9, 21-24; p.734, 1

Topalov Type: Bronze denomination 1(?) one-sided arrow-head coin late type (5th c. B.C.)
Obv.: Cast convex surface of the contour of an arrow-head with a uniformly thick bulging rib.
Rev.: Flat surface of an arrow-head without any images and inscriptions.

Jaimelai
AP3_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 35 - Bronze One-Sided Arrowhead Denomination 1 - Late Type35 views5th Century B.C.
Cast Arrowhead Proto-money
0.79 gm, 22x7 mm
Obverse: Cast convex surface having the contour of an arrowhead with a uniformly thick bulging rib. The letter A above the rib.
Reverse: Flat surface of an arrow-head without any images and inscriptions.
Topalov Apollonia p.153-54, 34-36; p.736, version 2

Topalov Type 35. Bronze denomination 1(?) one-sided arrow-head coin late type (5th c. B.C.)
Obverse: Cast convex surface of the contour of an arrow-head with a uniformly thick bulging rib. The letter A (above or below the rib).
Reverse: Flat surface of the contour of an arrow-head.
Jaimelai
Capture_00049~0.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 38 - Silver Drachm46 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
2.92 gm., 12.5-14 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Gorgon head facing in archaic Ionian style with hair in pellets
Topalov Apollonia p. 584, 38
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: First Early Issues (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormally open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

These "Early-Issue" Medusa coins may have been reminted on the earlier swastika type Apollonia drachmas (from Topalov Apollonia 2007)
Jaimelai
015~1.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 38 - Silver Drachm65 views480 – 470 B.C.
3.25 gm., 13-15.5 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with single row pearl headdress
Topalov Apollonia p.584, 38
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: First Early Issues (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormally open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
34.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 38 - Silver Drachm 79 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
3.24 gm., 14 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Gorgon head facing in archaic Ionian style with hair in pellets
Topalov Apollonia p. 584, 38
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: First Early Issues (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
2 commentsJaimelai
AP_comp_(2).jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 38 - Silver Drachm 53 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
3.12 gm., 14 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Gorgon head facing in archaic Ionian style with hair in pellets
Topalov Apollonia p. 584, 38
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: First Early Issues (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007

WARNING! Possible Black Cabinet candidate - very similar to Reid Goldsborough Apollonia Pontika New York Hoard Specimen # 40.
Jaimelai
dolphins_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 38 - Silver Drachm90 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.36 gm., 15 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Gorgon head facing in archaic Ionian style with hair in pellets
Topalov Apollonia p.584, 38 struck over Topalov Apollonia p. 566, 10
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type 38: “Upright anchor, crab right - full-face Gorgon's head" first early issues” (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormally open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
-struck over-
Topalov Type 10: “Upright anchor with thin flukes and thin shaft – Swastika ia a concave square with four dolphins as additional symbols" (540-535/525 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with thin flukes and a thin stock. Side view of the additional symbol of a crab (or view from above) right, between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Schematic view of a swastika in sectors concave with arms bent to the left. A dolphin as an additional symbol in every one of the sectors. Dolphins’ heads point from the center of the swastika outwards.
2 commentsJaimelai
174.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 42 - Silver Drachm 84 views450 – 424 B.C.
3.26 gm, 14.5 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with beaded hair in tuffs, surrounded by thin snakes
Topalov Apollonia p. 586, 42 (corrected)
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: Late Issues (450-424 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and curved stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right.
Rev.: Full-face Gordon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
1 commentsJaimelai
3.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 42 - Silver Drachm 76 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.32 gm, 13.5 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with beaded hair, surrounded by thin snakes
Topalov Apollonia p. 586, 42 (corrected)
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol on the left, A on the right - Gorgon's Head" Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and curved stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right.
Rev.: Full-face Gordon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
1 commentsJaimelai
AP42_33.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 42 - Silver Drachm33 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.28 gm, 15 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with beaded hair, surrounded by snakes
Topalov Apollonia p. 586, 42 (corrected)
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol on the left, A on the right - Gorgon's Head" Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and curved stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right.
Rev.: Full-face Gordon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
AP_25.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 42 - Silver Drachm 30 views450 – 424 B.C.
3.19 gm, 15.3 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with beaded hair in tuffs, surrounded by thin snakes
Topalov Apollonia p. 586, 42 (corrected)
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: Late Issues (450-424 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and curved stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right.
Rev.: Full-face Gordon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
030~2.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 43 - Silver Drachm Thracian Imitation49 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.15 gm, 13-15 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crude crayfish to left and A to right
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with hair and snakes surrounding
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 43

Topalov Type: Thracian Imitations of the Last Late issues of the type "Upright Anchor - Full-face Gorgon's Head" (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Schematic image of upright anchor, crab and lines similar to “A” and Δ
Rev.: Schematic image of full-face Gorgon's head.
Jaimelai
AP3_a.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm103 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.16 gm, 13-14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing in tufts parted in middle

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
AP2_a.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm61 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.13 gm, 13-15 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing, narrow forehead, hair in tufts

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
a05_626.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm97 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.15 gm, 13.5 - 15 mm
Rev: Gorgon head facing with hair parted in the middle
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
1 commentsJaimelai
Capture_00003b.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm59 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.26 gm, 13-14 mm
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with hair in tufts
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
ap3_50~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm43 views450 – 424 B.C.
3.31 gm, 13.2 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to right, crayfish to left.
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs; elaborate design with pronounced face wrinkles and spoked wheel/star pattern ear-rings, on a webbed aegis shield tipped with coiled snakes.
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655;
BMC 15, p. 8 5-7& 9; SNG BM Black Sea 156

Certified Authentic by David R. Sear (A.C.C.S. Ref. 501CR/GC/CO/CD)

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
2 commentsJaimelai
018b2.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm44 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.24 gm, 14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
002_2~1.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm39 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.16 gm, 14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
012~0.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm46 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.21 gm, 14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
1 commentsJaimelai
AP11_a~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm34 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.13 gm, 12-14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
Capture_00016_(2)~0.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm44 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.28 gm, 14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with straight bangs parted in the middle
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
AP5_b2.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm33 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.13 gm, 13 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing with hair in tufts

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
7.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm 56 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.14 gm, 15 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to right, crayfish to left.
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with wild hair and snakes
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44
Sear Vol. 1, p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and
the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
AP5_a~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm 37 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.20 gm, 12-14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing with hair in tufts

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
011~0.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm 36 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.24 gm, 13 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
ap_33~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm27 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.09 gm, 14.3 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing in tufts parted in middle

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
ap_real_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm45 views450 – 424 B.C.
3.27 gm, 13.7 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to right, crayfish to left.
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44;
Sear 1655;
BMC 15, p. 8 5-7& 9;
SNG BM Black Sea 153-6 & 158

Certified Authentic by David Sear (A.C.C.S. Ref. 502CR/GC/CO/CD)

Note: From same dies as the source coin of the series of cast fakes (see Fake Coin Reports)

Topalov Type 44: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: Last Late Issues (450-424 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right (or visa versa).
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormally open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
2 commentsJaimelai
ap44.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm24 views450 – 424 B.C.
3.20 gm, 13 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair and wavy bangs, snaky ringlets circle face
Topalov Apollonia p.348, 11; p.588, 44

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: Last Late Issues (450-424 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right (or visa versa).
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormally open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
44_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm20 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.18 gm, 15.98 mm
Obv.: Inverted anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with wavy hair parted in the middle
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655; HGC 3, 1323

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
016~4.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Siver Drachm40 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.17 g., 13-15 mm.
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with wavy hair parted in middle
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
072.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm61 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.91 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p. 348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Forvm purchase - Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
AP13_c.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm60 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.89 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p. 348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
AP13_d.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm65 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.87 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p. 348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
AP13_b.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm69 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.86 gm, 13-14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
1 commentsJaimelai
AP13_a.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm51 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.85 gm, 12-14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
AP13_e.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm59 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.85 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
010.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm51 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.82 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Forvm purchase - Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
a1_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm51 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.85 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.450 – 404 B.C.
Jaimelai
005~4.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm45 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.80 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
015~2.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm 28 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.67 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11;
SNG Bulgaria II 322-324

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
016~5.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm64 views450 – 404 B.C.
Silver drachm
2.81 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Attic Gorgon head facing, hair in single row of large beads, head surrounded by long snakes tied in bow at top of head.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right with large chelipeds folded back
Topalov Apollonia p.588, 45; p.347, 4
Sear 1655var

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
1 commentsJaimelai
005_(2)~0.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm58 views450 – 404 B.C.
Silver drachm
2.85 gm, 13-15 mm
Obv: Attic Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9;
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor: Basic (Main) Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Die match to another of my coins and to CNG 806828
2 commentsJaimelai
Capture_00008_(2).JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm37 views450 – 404 B.C.
Silver drachm
2.87 gm, 13.5 mm
Obv: Attic Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9;
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor: Basic (Main) Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Die match to another of my coins and to CNG 806828
1 commentsJaimelai
45_33.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm25 views450 – 404 B.C.
Silver drachm
2.81 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Attic Gorgon head facing with human hair surrounded by snakes
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right with large chelipeds folded back
Topalov Apollonia p.588, 45; p.347, 6;
Sear 1655var

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
45_33~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm36 views450 – 404 B.C.
Silver drachm
2.61 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Attic Gorgon head facing with human hair surrounded by snakes
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right with large chelipeds folded back
Topalov Apollonia p.588, 45; p.347, 6;
Sear 1655var

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
1 commentsJaimelai
ap_50~1.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm27 views450 – 404 B.C.
Silver drachm
2.82 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Attic Gorgon head facing with human hair surrounded by snakes
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right with large chelipeds folded back
Topalov Apollonia p.588, 45; p.347, 6;
Sear 1655var

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
AP_50~3.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm16 views450 – 404 B.C.
Silver drachm
2.71 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Attic Gorgon head facing, hair in single row of large beads, head surrounded by long snakes tied in bow at top of head.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right with large chelipeds folded back
Topalov Apollonia p.588, 45; p.347, 4
Sear 1655var

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Similar to another one of my coins though a tab bit more weathered!
Jaimelai
AP33.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm17 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.71 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
app_15.png
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm2 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.89 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p. 348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11
SNG Bulgaria II 301-309

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
ap_50~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45(i?) - Silver Drachm24 views450 – 424 or 410/404 B.C.
Silver Drachm, Thracian Imitation?
2.39 gm, 14.5 mm
Obv: Attic Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets
circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p.588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var;
BMC Mysia p.9, 11
SNG BM Black Sea 160/61

Topalov Type 45 – Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor: Basic (Main) Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
a01_3.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45i - Silver Drachm61 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.82 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Appears to die match previous coin
Jaimelai
a02.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45i - Silver Drachm69 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.77 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Appears to die match previous coin though roughed up a bit
Jaimelai
053.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45i - Silver Drachm64 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.84 gm, 13.5-15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Forvm purchase - Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
014.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45i - Silver Drachm 31 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.84 gm, 14.2 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45 var.; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Forvm purchase (GS55520) - Dr. Prokopov has identified this as a tribal (Celtic?) imitative. This is my fourth coin with from the same cracked reverse die. There appears to be three different obverse dies though.
Jaimelai
ap_33.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45i - Silver Drachm19 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.77 gm, 14.5 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

My fifth coin of this reverse die - appears to be an earlier strike when compared to the others as the crack is not as severe.
Jaimelai
AP_50~4.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45i - Silver Drachm14 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.86 gm, 14.0 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45 var.; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
a04.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 47 - Silver Drachm58 viewsEnd of the 5th - beginning of the 4th c. B.C.
2.77 gm, 12.5-13.5 mm
Obv: Gorgoneion head facing with wild hair and snakes
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right with long chelapeds folded back
Mint magistrate initials (IΩΠ YPO)
Topalov Apollonia p.590, 47; p.354, 9

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on one side, the letter A on the other" Last Issue (end of the 5th - beginning of the 4th c. B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has locks of human hair.
Rev.: Magistrates' names and initials (KEO, KΛEINIO, KΛEAN, IΩΠYPO). Upright anchor with large flukes and a rectangular stock, the letter A in one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
AP_obol.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 55 - Silver Obol35 views410/404 – 341/323 B.C.
0.72 gm, 9.0 mm
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo ¾ left with short hair
Rev.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p.596, 55; p.395, 1-3; p.774

Topalov Apollonia 2007: "Apollo's Head Turned Aside to 3/4 - Upright Anchor" Silver Obol (410/404 – 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Laureate Apollo ¾ left (rarely right) with short hair.
Rev.: Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock.
Jaimelai
retake_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 55 - Silver Obol30 views410/404 – 341/323 B.C.
0.66 gm, 8.07 mm
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo ¾ left with short hair
Rev.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p.596, 55; p.395, 1-3; p.774

Topalov Apollonia 2007: "Apollo's Head Turned Aside to 3/4 - Upright Anchor" Silver Obol (410/404 – 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Laureate Apollo ¾ left (rarely right) with short hair.
Rev.: Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock.
Jaimelai
Capture_00010.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 56 - Silver Diobol44 views410/404 – 341/323 B.C.
1.31 gm, 10.6 mm
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo facing
Rev.: Anchor, A to left, crayfish to right,
ΣΩ (magistrate's initials) to left
Topalov Apollonia p.393, 1-3; p.596, 56;
Sear p. 165, 1657;
B.M.C. 15 (Mysia) p.9, 15

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Apollo's Head - Upright Anchor" silver diobol (410/404 – 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face laureate Apollo with short hair.
Rev.: Magistrates' initials around the images. Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock.
Jaimelai
AP_half_b.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 56 - Silver Diobol45 views410 - 323 B.C.
1.25 gm, 11 mm
Obv.: Laurate head of Apollo
Rev.: Anchor, A and magistrate initials to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 393, 1-3; p.596, 56
Sear p. 165, 1657
B.M.C. 15 (Mysia) p.9, 15

From Topalov Apollonia 2007: "Full-Face Apollo's Head - Upright Anchor" silver diobol (410/404 – 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face laureate Apollo with short hair.
Rev.: Magistrates' initials around the images. Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock.
Jaimelai
014~2.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 56 - Silver Diobol40 views410/404 - 341/323 B.C.
1.26 gm, 12 mm
Obv.: Laurate head of Apollo
Rev.: Anchor, A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p.596, 56; Sear 1657; B.M.C. 15 (Mysia) p.9, 15

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Apollo's Head - Upright Anchor" Silver diobol (410/404 – 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face laureate Apollo with short hair.
Rev.: Magistrates' initials around the images. Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock
Jaimelai
AP_half_c.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 56 - Silver Diobol41 views410 - 323 B.C.
0.87 gm, 9.5 mm
Obv.: Laurate head of Apollo
Rev.: Anchor, A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p.596, 56
Sear p. 165, 1657
B.M.C. 15 (Mysia) p.9, 15

From Topalov Apollonia 2007: "Full-Face Apollo's Head - Upright Anchor" silver diobol (410/404 – 341/323 B.C.) Obv.: Full-face laureate Apollo with short hair. Rev.: Magistrates' initials around the images. Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock.
Jaimelai
AP_half_d.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 56 - Silver Diobol80 views410-323 B.C.
1.15 gm, 10.5 mm
Obv.: Laurate head of Apollo
Rev.: Anchor, A and magistrate's initials to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p.596, 56
Sear p. 165, 1657
B.M.C. 15 (Mysia) p.9, 15

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Apollo's Head - Upright Anchor" silver diobol (410/404 – 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face laureate Apollo with short hair.
Rev.: Magistrates' initials around the images. Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock.
3 commentsJaimelai
Capture_00009.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 56 - Silver Diobol50 views410/404 - 341/323 B.C.
1.26 gm, 11 mm
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo facing
Rev.: Anchor, A to left, crayfish to right,
A Π (magistrate's initials) to left
Topalov Apollonia p.387, 2, p.596, 56;
Sear p.165, 1657;
B.M.C. 15 (Mysia) p.9, 15

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Apollo's Head - Upright Anchor" Silver diobol (410/404 – 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face laureate Apollo with short hair.
Rev.: Magistrates' initials around the images. Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock.
Jaimelai
Capture_00009_(2).JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 56 - Silver Diobol56 views410/404 - 341/323 B.C.
0.53 gm, 10 mm
Obv.: Laurate head of Apollo
Rev.: Anchor, A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p.596, 56;
Sear 1657; B.M.C. 15 (Mysia) p.9, 15

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Apollo's Head - Upright Anchor" Silver diobol (410/404 – 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face laureate Apollo with short hair.
Rev.: Magistrates' initials around the images. Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock

This coin is small enough to be an obol, but in the diobol style. Obols have Apollo facing left or right.
Jaimelai
048.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 56 - Silver Diobol38 views410/404 - 341/323 B.C.
0.84 gm, 11.5 mm
Obv.: Laurate head of Apollo
Rev.: Anchor, A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p.596, 56; Sear 1657; B.M.C. 15 (Mysia) p.9, 15

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Apollo's Head - Upright Anchor" Silver diobol (410/404 – 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face laureate Apollo with short hair.
Rev.: Magistrates' initials around the images. Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock
Jaimelai
diobol_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 56 - Silver Diobol25 views410 - 323 B.C.
1.05 gm, 11 mm
Obv.: Laurate head of Apollo
Rev.: Anchor
A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p.596, 56
Sear 1657,
B.M.C. 15 (Mysia) p.9, 15

From Topalov Apollonia 2007: "Full-Face Apollo's Head - Upright Anchor" silver diobol (410/404 – 341/323 B.C.) Obv.: Full-face laureate Apollo with short hair. Rev.: Magistrates' initials around the images. Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock.
Jaimelai
072~2.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 56 - Silver Diobol 37 views410/404 – 341/323 B.C.
1.31 gm, 10.6 mm
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo facing
Rev.: Anchor, A to left, crayfish to right, ΣΩ (magistrate's initials) to left
Topalov Apollonia p.393, 1-3; p.596, 56;
Sear p. 165, 1657;
B.M.C. 15 (Mysia) p.9, 15

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Apollo's Head - Upright Anchor" silver diobol (410/404 – 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face laureate Apollo with short hair.
Rev.: Magistrates' initials around the images. Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock
Jaimelai
006_(2).JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 56 - Silver Diobol 52 views410/404 – 341/323 B.C.
1.34 gm, 11.56 mm
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo facing
Rev.: Anchor, A to left, crayfish to right, ΣΩ (magistrate's initials) to left
Topalov Apollonia p.393, 1-3; p.596, 56;
Sear p. 165, 1657;
B.M.C. 15 (Mysia) p.9, 15

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Apollo's Head - Upright Anchor" silver diobol (410/404 – 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face laureate Apollo with short hair.
Rev.: Magistrates' initials around the images. Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock
Jaimelai
ap2_50.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 56 - Silver Diobol26 views410/404 – 341/323 B.C.
1.25 gm, 10 mm
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo facing
Rev.: Anchor, A to left, crayfish to right, ΣΩ (magistrate's initials) to left
Topalov Apollonia p.393, 1-3; p.596, 56;
Sear p. 165, 1657;
B.M.C. 15 (Mysia) p.9, 15

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Apollo's Head - Upright Anchor" silver diobol (410/404 – 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face laureate Apollo with short hair.
Rev.: Magistrates' initials around the images. Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock.
Jaimelai
apollo_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 56 - Silver Diobol8 views410/404 – 341/323 B.C.
1.25 gm, 11 mm
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo facing
Rev.: Anchor, A to left, crayfish to right, ΣΩ (magistrate's initials) to left
Topalov Apollonia p.393, 1-3; p.596, 56;
Sear p. 165, 1657; HGC 1315;
B.M.C. 15 (Mysia) p.9, 15;
SNG Black Sea 175

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Apollo's Head - Upright Anchor" silver diobol (410/404 – 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face laureate Apollo with short hair.
Rev.: Magistrates' initials around the images. Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock
Jaimelai
IMG_2238.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 56 - Silver Diobol - very worn49 views410 - 323 B.C.
0.59 gm, 8.78 mm
Obv.: Head of Apollo (or Medusa)
Rev.: Anchor, A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p.596, 56
Sear p.165, 1657
B.M.C. 15 (Mysia) p.9, 15

From Topalov Apollonia 2007: "Full-Face Apollo's Head - Upright Anchor" silver diobol (410/404 – 341/323 B.C.) Obv.: Full-face laureate Apollo with short hair. Rev.: Magistrates' initials around the images. Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock.
Jaimelai
a02~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 56 - Silver Diobol Fouree39 views410/404 - 341/323 B.C.
0.85 gm, 10.5 mm
Obv.: Laurate head of Apollo
Rev.: Anchor, A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p.596, 56
Sear p. 165, 1657, B.M.C. 15 (Mysia) p.9, 15

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Apollo's Head - Upright Anchor" Silver diobol (410/404 – 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face laureate Apollo with short hair.
Rev.: Magistrates' initials around the images. Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock
Jaimelai
Capture_00064.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 57 - Silver Diobol - Thracian Imitation44 views410-323 B.C.
0.88 gm, 10.5 mm
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo facing
Rev.: Anchor,
A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p.596, 57;
Sear p.165, 1657 (sim.);
B.M.C. 15 (Mysia) p.9, 15

From Topalov Apollonia 2007: "Probable Thracian Imitation of Full-Face Apollo's Head - Upright Anchor" Silver diobol
(410/404 – 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Stylized image of full-face Apollo's head.
Rev.: Stylized image of an upright anchor, symbol of a crab and the letter A .
Jaimelai
Capture_00009_(4).JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 58 - Bronze dichalk67 views410/404 – 341/323 B.C.
1.78 gm, 13 mm.
Obv.: Laurate head of Apollo right with short hair
Rev.: ΔIXAΛ/KIH (vertically left/ right) Upright anchor with thich flukes and a rectangular stock.
A to left and crayfish to right.
Topalov Apollonia p.596, 58 (var. in reverse legend)

Topalov Type: "Apollo's Head – ΔIXA/ΛKIH Upright Anchor" Bronze Dichalk (410/404 - 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Laureate Apollo's head right, rarely left.
Rev.: ΔIXA (vertical left) / ΛKIH (vertical right), upright anchor in the midddle, at one side of which there is an image of a crab as an additional symbol, and the letter A at the other side. No magistrate's names on coins of this type.


Ex-Roland Mueller Collection
Jaimelai
052.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 58 - Bronze Dichalk41 views410/404 – 341/323 B.C.
1.96 gm, 12 mm
Obv.: Laurate head of Apollo right with short hair
Rev.: ΔIXA/ΛKIH (vertically left/ right) Upright anchor with thich flukes and a rectangular stock. A to left and crayfish to right.
Topalov Apollonia p.596, 58

Topalov Type: "Apollo's Head – ΔIXA/ΛKIH Upright Anchor" Bronze Dichalk (410/404 - 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Laureate Apollo's head right, rarely left.
Rev.: ΔIXA (vertical left) / ΛKIH (vertical right), upright anchor in the midddle, at one side of which there is an image of a crab as an additional symbol, and the letter A at the other side. No magistrate's names on coins of this type.
Jaimelai
Capture_00058.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 59 - Bronze Dichalk47 views410/404 – 341/323 B.C.
2.34 gm, 13.5 mm
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right with short hair
Rev.: AΠOΛΛONIATΩN ΔIXAΛKIH (around the images)
Upright anchor with thich flukes and a rectangular stock. A to left and crayfish to right.
Topalov Apollonia p.598, 59

Topalov Type: "Apollo's Head – AΠOΛΛONIATΩN ΔIXAΛKIH Upright Anchor" Bronze Dichalk (410/404 - 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Laureate Apollo's head right, rarely left.
Rev.: AΠOΛΛONIATΩN ΔIXAΛKIH (around the images)
Upright anchor in the middle, at one side of which there is an image of a crab as an additional symbol, and the letter A at the other side. No magistrate's names on coins of this type.
Jaimelai
061.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 59 - Bronze Dichalk28 views410/404 – 341/323 B.C.
2.17 gm, 13.3 mm
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right with short hair
Rev.: AΠOΛΛONIATΩN ΔIXAΛKIH (around the images)
Upright anchor with thich flukes and a rectangular stock. A to left and crayfish to right.
Topalov Apollonia p.598, 59

Topalov Type: "Apollo's Head – AΠOΛΛONIATΩN ΔIXAΛKIH Upright Anchor" Bronze Dichalk (410/404 - 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Laureate Apollo's head right, rarely left.
Rev.: AΠOΛΛONIATΩN ΔIXAΛKIH (around the images)
Upright anchor in the middle, at one side of which there is an image of a crab as an additional symbol, and the letter A at the other side. No magistrate's names on coins of this type.
Jaimelai
013~0.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 60 - Bronze Dichalk39 views410/404 – 341/323 B.C.
1.87 gm, 12 mm
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right with short hair
Rev.: Upright anchor with thich flukes and a rectangular stock; A to left and crayfish to right.
Topalov Apollonia p.598, 60

Topalov Type: "Apollo's Head – Upright Anchor" Bronze Dichalk (410/404 - 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Laureate Apollo's head right, rarely left.
Rev.: Upright anchor in the midddle, at one side of which there is an image of a crab as an additional symbol, and the letter A at the other side. No magistrate's names on coins of this type.
Jaimelai
chalk_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 61 - Bronze Chalk20 views410/404 – 341/323 B.C.
0.92 gm, 10 mm
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo left
Rev.: Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. A to left and crayfish to right.
Topalov Apollonia p.598, 61

Topalov Type 61: “Apollo’s Head - Upright Anchor" – bronze chalk(?) (410/404-341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Laureate Apollo r. or l. with short hair.
Rev.: Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock. No magistrates' names on coins of this type
Jaimelai
obv_a.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 61 - Bronze Chalk11 views410/404 – 341/323 B.C.
1.04 gm, 9-10.5 mm
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right
Rev.: Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. A to left and crayfish to right.
Topalov Apollonia p.598, 61

Topalov Type 61: “Apollo’s Head - Upright Anchor" – bronze chalk(?) (410/404-341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Laureate Apollo r. or l. with short hair.
Rev.: Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock. No magistrates' names on coins of this type
Jaimelai
a16.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 62 - Bronze Tetrachalk329 views410/404 – 341/323 B.C.
4.02 gm, 17 mm.
Obv: Laurate head of Apollo right with short hair
Rev.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right.
Topalov Apollonia p. 600, 62

Topalov Type: "Apollo's Head – Upright Anchor" Bronze Tetrachalk (410/404 - 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Laureate Apollo's head right hand, rarely left with short hair.
Rev.: Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock. No magistrate's names on coins of this type.
8 commentsJaimelai
a15.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 63 - Bronze Tetrachalk; Topalov 73 - with solar symbol countermark171 views350 B.C.
3.95 gm, 16.5-19 mm.
Obv.: Apollo seated left on omphalos, right hand resting on bow, left on omphalos
Round solar symbol countermark over Apollo's left hand
Rev.: Anchor; A and A[KOYΣY/]ΛEΩΣ (magistrate's name partially flattened by countermark blow on opposite side) to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p.414, 1; p.600, 63
D. Sear, Greek coins and their values, Vol. 1, p. 165, 1658,
BMC Mysia Apollonia ad Rhyndacum, p. 10, 17 var (magistrate)

Topalov Type: "Apollo sitting on the Omphalos – Upright Anchor" Bronze Tetrachalk (about 350 B.C.)
Obv.: Apollo sitting on the omphalos, holding a bow in his right hand, his left hand hanging downwards or resting on the omphalos. Round solar symbol countermark over Apollo's left hand (second half of the 3rd c. B.C.)
Rev.: Magistrates' initials or names on the left or on the right. Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side betwee flukes and the stock.
1 commentsJaimelai
appp.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 88 - Bronze Tetrachalk14 views300 - 250 B.C.
Bronze Tetrachalk
(or Heavy Dichalkia)
2.7 gm, 16 mm.
Obv: Laurate Apollo, right, with short hair.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes and a rectangular stock. Δ/I left and right between the flukes and the stock.
Topalov Apollonia p. 496-497, 1-4; p. 616 No. 88, p.796-7;
SNG BM Black Sea 186; HGC 1335;
SNG Bulgaria 2 482-3; Lindgren 752

Topalov Type 88: bronze tetrachalk(?) (first half of the 3rd c. B.C.) of the type "Apollo's Head – Upright Anchor" with the initials Δ/Ι
Obv.: Laureate Apollo right with short hair.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes and a rectangular stock. Δ/I left and right between the flukes and the stock possibly initials of Apollo’s nickname
Jaimelai
ap94a_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 94 - Bronze Dichalk16 viewsBeginning of 2nd century B.C.
2.50 gm, 14 mm.
Obv: Naked Apollo, full-face, standing and holding a laurel tree in his right hand and a bow with arrows in his left hand.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A to left between fluke and the stock.
Topalov Apollonia p. 510, 1; p.620, 94 var., p.804-5;
SNG BM Black Sea 190

Topalov Type 94: Bronze coins of the type “Standing Apollo - Upright Anchor”, dichalk (?)
Obv.: Full-face naked Apollo, standing and holding a laurel tree and two arrows. The image represents the statue of Kalamis erected in the town.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A l. and the additional symbol of a crab r. viewed from above on the other side between flukes and the stock.
Jaimelai
2029.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov-102 - Bronze Tetrachalk188 viewsEnd of 2nd – Beginning of 1st century B.C.
5.58 gm, 18 mm.
Obv: Laurate head of Apollo right with hair in bun
Rev.: Upright anchor with thin flukes, its body represented as a sketch of two parallel lines and a thin straight stock; IH to left, crayfish to right.
Topalov Apollonia p. 626, 102, p.812

The letters "IH" replaced the "A" of Apollonia towards the end of the 2nd Century B.C. and is thought to be an abbreviation of IHTPOY (Healer) with the full meaning: “coins of the town of the god Healer”. The Healer or Bright Healer are epithets of Apollo.

Topalov Type 102: Bronze Tetrachalk(?) (end of the 2nd-beginning of the 1st c. B.C.) of the type “Apollo’s head with a bun of hair – upright anchor with thin flukes, IH, crab"
Obv.: Laurate head of Apollo right with hair in bun and a decorated ribbon
Rev.: Upright anchor with thin flukes, its body represented as a sketch of two parallel lines and a thin straight stock; IH to left, crayfish to right.
Jaimelai
a.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov-102 - Bronze Tetrachalk35 viewsEnd of 2nd – beginning of 1st century B.C.
2.90 gm, 16.5 mm.
Obv: Laurate head of Apollo right with hair in bun and a decorated ribbon
Rev.: Upright anchor with thin flukes, its body represented as a sketch of two parallel lines and a thin straight stock; IH to left, crayfish to right.
Topalov Apollonia p. 626, 102, p.812

The letters IH replaced the A of Apollonia near the end of the 2nd century B.C. and is thought to be an abbreviation of IHTPOY (Healer) with the full meaning: “coins of the town of the god Healer”. The Healer or Bright Healer are epithets of Apollo.

Topalov Type 102: Bronze Tetrachalk(?) (end of the 2nd-beginning of the 1st c. B.C.) of the type “Apollo’s head with a bun of hair – upright anchor with thin flukes, IH, crab"
Obv.: Laurate head of Apollo right with hair in bun and a decorated ribbon
Rev.: Upright anchor with thin flukes, its body represented as a sketch of two parallel lines and a thin straight stock; IH to left, crayfish to right.
Jaimelai
ap_50~5.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov-102 - Bronze Tetrachalk13 viewsEnd of 2nd – beginning of 1st century B.C.
3.38 gm, 19.45 mm
Obv: Laurate head of Apollo right with hair in bun and a decorated ribbon
Rev.: Upright anchor with thin flukes, its body represented as a sketch of two parallel lines and a thin straight stock; IH to left, crayfish to right; ΛΛ beneath stock
Topalov Apollonia p.525-7, 1-6 var.; p.626-7, 102 var., p.812; HGC 1341; SNG Bulgaria 2, 479-480

The letters IH replaced the A of Apollonia near the end of the 2nd century B.C. and is thought to be an abbreviation of IHTPOY (Healer) with the full meaning: “coins of the town of the god Healer”. The Healer or Bright Healer are epithets of Apollo.

Topalov Type 102: Bronze Tetrachalk(?) (end of the 2nd-beginning of the 1st c. B.C.) of the type “Apollo’s head with a bun of hair – upright anchor with thin flukes, IH, crab"
Obv.: Laurate head of Apollo right with hair in bun and a decorated ribbon
Rev.: Upright anchor with thin flukes, its body represented as a sketch of two parallel lines and a thin straight stock; IH to left, crayfish to right.
Jaimelai
Medusa1.jpg
Apollonia Pontica, 450-375 B.C.18 viewsSilver-drachm, Apollonia Pontica in Thrace (present-day Sozopol, Bulgria), 450-375 BC.; diameter 13.5mm, weight 2.43 grams, obverse head of Medusa facing; reverse anchor, crawfish left, "A" right; very fine.Neal A
apollonia_pontica_2.jpg
APOLLONIA PONTICA, THRACE22 viewsAPOLLONIA PONTICA, THRACE, AR Drachm. 450-404 B.C. Facing head of Medusa in classic Attic style, long protruding tongue, human hair & snakes for hair. Rev.: Anchor, to right A, to left crayfish. SNG Cop 457. Sear 1655.dpaul7
apollonia_pontica_1.jpg
APOLLONIA PONTICA, THRACE29 viewsAPOLLONIA PONTICA, THRACE, AR Drachm. 450-404 B.C. Facing head of Medusa in classic Attic style, long protruding tongue, human hair & snakes for hair. Rev.: Anchor, to right crayfish, to left A. SNG Cop 457. Sear 1655.dpaul7
Apollonia_Pontica.jpg
Apollonia Pontica, Thrace20 views350-300 BC
AE12 (Dichalkon?) (12mm, 2.21g)
O: Laureate head of Apollo right.
R: Anchor; A to left, crawfish to right.
BMC Black Sea 178-81
Enodia
apollonia.jpg
Apollonia Pontica, Thrace31 viewsAncient Greek City Issue
Apollonia Pontica, Thrace


Obverse: Gorgon (Medusa?) or Apollo head facing with tongue sticking out


Reverse: Upturned anchor with crayfish and A on sides


Silver Drachm (16mm, 2.5g)
Minted in Apollonia Pontica 450-400BC

Reference: SNG Black Sea 155


Translations and explanations:

Apollonia Pontica (Apollonia on the Black Sea) is modern day Sozopol, Bulgaria.

While the city was clearly named after Greek god Apollo, the earlier coins feature a snake-haired gorgon face that over time seems to transition to a more Apollo like image.

The anchor on the reverse was the symbol of the city denoting its important maritime trade status.

Sphinx357
Apolonia_Pontica1.jpg
Apollonia Pontika AR Drachm.25 viewsThrace, Black Sea Area, Apollonia Pontika AR Drachm. ca 450 BC. Facing gorgoneion with protruding tongue / Anchor, A to left, crayfish to right. Britanikus
AP_Apollo-Anchor~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontika, Thrace * Apollon / Anchor * AR Trihemiobol,103 views
Apollonia Pontika, Thrace
Silver Trihemiobol
Date: ca. 450-350 BC(?)
Obv: Laureate Head of Apollo facing
Rev: Inverted anchor, A at center, and perpendicular MA monogram to the left.

Weight: 1.10 g.
St. 12 * (Image shown, reverse is inverted to actual coin)


Similar to, Sear Greek Coins and their Values (SG) Number sg1657
SNG Cop 459-461.

* Olympian
Tiathena
DAEE35E0-C38D-4EBE-9DE8-381BAC801E6D.jpeg
Apollonia Pontika, Thrace, 410 - 323 B.C.8 viewsApollo is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in ancient Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology. The ideal of the kouros (a beardless, athletic youth), Apollo has been variously recognized as a god of light and the sun, truth and prophecy, healing, plague, music, poetry, and more. Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto, and has a twin sister, the chaste huntress Artemis.
GS88290. Silver diobol, Topalov Apollonia p. 387, 6 and p. 596, 56; SGCV I 1657, SNG Cop 459 - 461; HGC 3.2 1315, aEF, slightly off center, some porosity, small edge split, Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol, Bulgaria) mint, weight 1.256g, maximum diameter 10.2mm, die axis 180o, 410/404 - 341/323 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo facing with short hair; reverse anchor flukes up, thick flukes, A left, crayfish right; ex Numismatik Lanz (2010)
Mark R1
Apollonia_Pontica_b.jpg
Apollonia, Pontica AR diobol32 viewscca 400-350 BC
10.3 mm, 1.2 grams
Tibsi
Apollonia_Pontica_Half_Drachm_Gorgoneion_Anchor_AR9_0.75g.jpg
Apollonia, Pontica, 1/2 Drachm29 views9mm, 0.75 g
obv.: Gorgoneion
rev.: Anchor
areich
DSC01625.JPG
Appollonia Pontica, Thrace 4th Century B.C.16 views400-300 B.C. 12mm

Obverse: Head of Apollo right
Reverse: (upside-down) Anchor, cray-fish at side?
Dk0311USMC
IMG_1069.JPG
Ariobarzanes III Drachm 23 viewsAR Drachm
Size: 17mm, Weight: 3.53 grams, Die Axis: 12h

Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariobarzanes III Eusebes
Circa 52 – 42 BCE

Obverse: Anepigraphic.
Diademed bust to right.

Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ APIOBAPZANOY EYΣEBOYΣ KAI ΦIΛOPΩMAIOY (of King Ariobarzanes, pious and friend of the Romans)
Athena Nikephoros standing left, spear and grounded shield to right. Star in crescent monogram to left, monogram to right, and IA date in exergue (year 11, 42 BCE).

Notes:
-Ariobarzanes III was the grandson of Mithradates VI of Pontos, and adopted the Pontic royal symbol of a star in crescent.
-Ariobarzanes III was allied with Pompey, but was allowed to keep his position under Julius Caesar. Following Caesar's assassination, he refused to aid Cassius. Cappadocia was invaded, and Ariobarzanes III was executed.

Ex Forvm Ancient Coins, 2016
Pharsalos
CHALKOUS_BOTH_2.jpg
Athens AE2 Star & 2 Crescents Chalkous 87/6 BC4 viewsObv: Athena in Corinthian helmet
Rev: Grounded fulminating Zeus advancing right about to hurl thunderbolt
ΑΘΕ
ethnic surrounding Zeus
Symbol RF: Pontic Star & 2 Crescents
AE2 (18mm) 9.05gm
Kroll 97 Mithradatic war issue King Mithradates & Aristion as magistrates
cicerokid
Both_Gorgoneon.jpg
Athens New Style Tetradrachm 95/4 BC5 viewsObs : Athena Parthenos right in tri-form helmet
28.5mm 16.76 gm Thompson issue (New) 66
Thompson catalogue: 937a ? (not in plates)
Rev : ΑΘΕ ethnic
Owl standing on overturned panathenaic amphora
on which month mark Γ control MH below
3 magistrates : NIKETES DIONYSIOS MENE
RF symbol : Gorgon Head
All surrounded by an olive wreath
cicerokid
Bithynia.jpg
Bithynia12 viewsAs a Roman province, the boundaries of Bithynia frequently varied, and it was commonly united for administrative purposes with the province of Pontus. This was the state of things in the time of Trajan, when Pliny the Younger was appointed governor of the combined provinces, a circumstance to which we are indebted for valuable information concerning the Roman provincial administration. Under the Byzantine Empire Bithynia was again divided into two provinces, separated by the Sangarius, to the west of which the name of Bithynia was restricted.

The most important cities were Nicomedia and Nicaea. The two had a long rivalry with one another over which city held the rank of capital. Both of these were founded after Alexander the Great; but at a much earlier period the Greeks had established on the coast the colonies of Cius (modern Gemlik); Chalcedon (modern Kadıköy), at the entrance of the Bosporus, nearly opposite Byzantium (modern Istanbul; and Heraclea Pontica (modern Karadeniz Ereğli), on the Euxine, about 120 miles (190 km) east of the Bosporus.
ancientone
Cappadocia.JPG
Cappadocia13 viewsThe Cappadocians, supported by Rome against Mithridates VI of Pontus, elected a native lord, Ariobarzanes, to succeed (93 BC); but in the same year Armenian troops under Tigranes the Great (Tigran) entered Cappadocia, dethroned king Ariobarzanes and crowned Gordios as the new client-king of Cappadocia, thus creating a buffer zone against the encroaching Romans. It was not until Rome had deposed the Pontic and Armenian kings that the rule of Ariobarzanes was established (63 BC). In the civil wars Cappadocia was now for Pompey, now for Caesar, now for Antony, now against him. The Ariobarzanes dynasty came to an end and a certain Archelaus reigned in its stead, by favour first of Antony and then of Octavian, and maintained tributary independence until AD 17, when the emperor Tiberius, on Archelaus' death in disgrace, reduced Cappadocia at last to a Roman province. Much later it was a region of the Byzantine Empire.ancientone
Caracalla_HeracleaPontica_HeraclesCretanBull_AE30_16.35g.jpg
Caracalla, Heraclea Pontica, Heracles capturing the Cretan Bull, AE3039 viewsAE30, 16.35g
obv: laureate bust right
rev: Heracles capturing the Cretan Bull (his seventh labor). Rare, punctured in antiquity.
GICV -
areich
w4~0.JPG
Constantinople CONSS66 viewsConstantine had altogether more ambitious plans. Having restored the unity of the empire, now overseeing the progress of major governmental reforms and sponsoring the consolidation of the Christian church, Constantine was well aware that Rome had become an unsatisfactory capital for several reasons. Located in central Italy, Rome lay too far from the eastern imperial frontiers, and hence also from the legions and the Imperial courts. Moreover, Rome offered an undesirable playground for disaffected politicians; it also suffered regularly from flooding and from malaria.

It seemed impossible to many that the capital could be moved. Nevertheless, Constantine identified the site of Byzantium as the correct place: a city where an emperor could sit, readily defended, with easy access to the Danube or the Euphrates frontiers, his court supplied from the rich gardens and sophisticated workshops of Roman Asia, his treasuries filled by the wealthiest provinces of the empire.

Constantine laid out the expanded city, dividing it into 14 regions, and ornamenting it with great public works worthy of a great imperial city. Yet initially Constantinople did not have all the dignities of Rome, possessing a proconsul, rather than a prefect of the city. Furthermore, it had no praetors, tribunes or quaestors. Although Constantinople did have senators, they held the title clarus, not clarissimus, like those of Rome. Constantinople also lacked the panoply of other administrative offices regulating the food supply, police, statues, temples, sewers, aqueducts or other public works. The new program of building was carried out in great haste: columns, marbles, doors and tiles were taken wholesale from the temples of the empire and moved to the new city. Similarly, many of the greatest works of Greek and Roman art were soon to be seen in its squares and streets. The emperor stimulated private building by promising householders gifts of land from the imperial estates in Asiana and Pontica, and on 18 May 332 he announced that, as in Rome, free distributions of food would be made to citizens. At the time the amount is said to have been 80,000 rations a day, doled out from 117 distribution points around the city.

Constantinople was a Greek Orthodox Christian city, lying in the most Christianised part of the Empire. Justinian ordered the pagan temples of Byzantium to be deconstructed, and erected the splendid Church of the Holy Wisdom, Sancta Sophia (also known as Hagia Sophia in Greek), as the centrepiece of his Christian capital. He oversaw also the building of the Church of the Holy Apostles, and that of Hagia Irene.

Constantine laid out anew the square at the middle of old Byzantium, naming it the Augusteum. Sancta Sophia lay on the north side of the Augusteum. The new senate-house (or Curia) was housed in a basilica on the east side. On the south side of the great square was erected the Great Palace of the emperor with its imposing entrance, the Chalke, and its ceremonial suite known as the Palace of Daphne. Located immediately nearby was the vast Hippodrome for chariot-races, seating over 80,000 spectators, and the Baths of Zeuxippus (both originally built in the time of Septimius Severus). At the entrance at the western end of the Augusteum was the Milion, a vaulted monument from which distances were measured across the Eastern Empire.

From the Augusteum a great street, the Mese, led, lined with colonnades. As it descended the First Hill of the city and climbed the Second Hill, it passed on the left the Praetorium or law-court. Then it passed through the oval Forum of Constantine where there was a second senate-house, then on and through the Forum of Taurus and then the Forum of Bous, and finally up the Sixth Hill and through to the Golden Gate on the Propontis. The Mese would be seven Roman miles long to the Golden Gate of the Walls of Theodosius.

Constantine erected a high column in the middle of the Forum, on the Second Hill, with a statue of himself at the top, crowned with a halo of seven rays and looking towards the rising sun.

RIC VII Constantinople 61 C1
ecoli
ANCIENT_GREEK_Apollonia_Pontica.jpg
Gorgon, Greek, Apollonia Pontica355 viewsSilver Drachm
Obverse : Gorgon Facing with tongue protruding.
Reverse :Upturned anchor, crayfish and A to either side.
Apollonia Pontica Mint , 450 - 404 BC ( Before Christ ).

XF , Max Dia 14mm , 2.9 gr. scarce.
References : SNG 160f

Historical & Numismatic Note:
This is a scarce and interesting authentic ancient silver drachm from Apollonia Pontika.
Apollonia Pontika was a Greek colony on the Black sea in Thrace. It was settled around 600 B.C., and was first called Antheia before being renamed after the town's most prominent feature, a Temple dedicated to Apollo centering around a colossal statue of the Greek God. The city's name means, literally, “City Of Apollo On The Black Sea.” This coin features a spectacular image of Medusa on the obverse side. In ancient Greek mythology, if you gazed at Medusa's face you would immediately turn to stone. Perseus overcame this obstacle, slaying Medusa and using her head to adorn the face of his shield. And despite it's frightening visage, the image of Medusa was used as a protection talisman in many of these ancient Greek societies. The reverse of this coin shows the city's connection with the Black Sea, and displays an anchor turned upside down, flukes up, as if it were hanging off the edge of a ship. There is a crawfish to the right and an A, for Apollonia Pontika, to the left.


Mrs. Amy Savasta - Gauthier Collection.

EX The Sam Mansourati Collection.
Sam
AP_Gorgoneian_7a.jpg
Gorgoneion | Anchor - Apollonia Pontica - AR Drachm, 450-400 BC. * Specimen 173 views
Gorgoneion | Anchor - Apollonia Pontica, Thrace: Specimen 1.

Obv: Gorgoneion facing.
Rev: Inverted anchor with crayfish in left field, monogram A in right field.

Exergue: None.

Mint: Apollonia Pontica
Struck: 450-400 BC.

Size: 16.425 mm.
Weight: 2.79 grams
Die axis: 0°

Condition: Worn and as shown in photographs, but still an impressive Gorgoneion.

Refs:*
Sear, 1655(v)
Tiathena
AP_Gorgoneion_4a.jpg
Gorgoneion | Anchor - Apollonia Pontica - AR Drachm, 450-400 BC. * Specimen 265 views
Gorgoneion | Anchor - Apollonia Pontica, Thrace: Specimen 2.

Obv: Gorgoneion facing.
Rev: Inverted anchor with crayfish in left field, monogram A in right field.

Exergue: None.

Mint: Apollonia Pontica
Struck: 450-400 BC.

Size: 15.80 x 13.025 mm.
Weight: 3.27 grams
Die axis: 0°

Condition: Worn and as shown in photographs, but still remarkable and impressive coin.

Refs:*
Sear, 1655(v)
1 commentsTiathena
apollonia.jpg
GREEK47 viewsAR drachm. Apollonia Pontica ( Thrace ). Late 5th-4th centuries BC. 2,46 grs. Facing gorgoneion / Upright anchor. A (right) and crayfish (left) flanking.
SNG Cop 454.
2 commentsbenito
bpGS1D4ApollPont2.jpg
GREEK, Apollonia Pontica (Thrace)53 viewsDrachm, 2.8 gm, 14.3 mm, 450-400 BC, Sear (GC) 1655
Obv: Anchor with A to left and crawdad (crayfish) to right.
Rev: Anepigraphic. Gorgoneion with tongue sticking out.
1 commentsMassanutten
Apolonia_pontica_obolo.JPG
GREEK, Apollonia Pontika, AR obol13 viewsObolo de plata
450 - 400 A.c.
ANV: Esvastica con delfines en angulos
REV: Ancla del reves

Original upload by Pedro Jose D
*Alex
Diobolo_Apolonia_Pontica.JPG
GREEK, Apollonia Pontika, Diobol15 viewsDiobolo de plata
450 - 350 a.C.
ANV: Cabeza de Gorgona ( Medusa )
REV: Ancla del reves con letra A y cangrejo

Original upload by Pedro Jose D
*Alex
Hemiobolo_Apolonia_Pontica_Svastica.JPG
GREEK, Apollonia Pontika, Hemiobol14 viewsHemiobolo de plata
261 – 246 a.C.
ANV: Ancla
REV: Cruz con dos lķneas paralelas en cada cuadrante

Original upload by Pedro Jose D
*Alex
Pontic_Kingdom,_Mithradates_Vi_ATG_Tetradrachm,_Odessos_.jpg
Greek, Mithridates VI (The Great) as Herakles192 viewsPontic Kingdom, Thrace, Odessos, Mithridates VI Megas, 120-63 BC, AR Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great, struck ca. 88-86 BC.
Head of Mithridates VI (the Great) as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress / ΒΑΣIΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡOΥ.
(Reverse is of Zeus seated left, legs draped, confronting eagle held on outstretched right arm and grasping lotus-tipped sceptre, ΛAK before, OΔΗ (Odessos ethnic) in exergue.)
Callata˙ Group 3; Price 1192. Odessos ca. 88-86 BC
(30 mm, 16.04 gm, 1h)

This is amongst the last of the coinages in the style of Alexander the Great to be minted. In this final incarnation the portrait of Herakles was adapted to the features of Mithridates VI the Great, to the extent that the image of Herakles is in fact a portrait of Mithridates. Comparison with his portrait on tetradrachms minted in Pontus proves this point.
1 commentsLloyd T
12093q00.jpg
GREEK, Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C., Lysimachos Type, Gold stater22 viewsSH12093. Gold stater, SNG Cop 1089 var. (monogram), Choice EF, weight 8.232 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantium (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 85 B.C; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great (with the features of Mithradates VI), wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, holding Nike and resting left arm on shield, transverse spear against her side, BY on throne, AP monogram under right arm, trident and two dolphins in exergue; fantastic style with superb portrait of Mithradates as Alexander the Great!Joe Sermarini
heracleia_obol.jpg
Heracleia Pontica, Obol. 4th Century B.C. Herakles/ trophy & grapes6 viewsBithynia, Heracleia Pontica, Obol. 4th Century B.C. 0.66g. Obv: Head of Herakles l. Rev: Trophy; K in lower l., bunch of grapes upper l., quiver to r.. Scarce; the grapes seem not to have been noticed in previous descriptions. F+; nice gray toning; die-break in front of nose. SNG BM-1593, SNG Cop-418. Ex H.J.BerkPodiceps
Moesia_Hemidrachm.jpg
Kalatis Hemidrachm in the Style of Alexander III -- Early 3rd-Late 2nd Century BC21 views2.74 g, 14 mm, 90°
Minted in Kallistis
Silver Hemidrachm; Black Deposits
In the Style of Alexander the Great
AMNG I 202; SNG BM Black Sea 203-204

Obverse: Head of Herakles Wearing Nemean Skin Headdress Right.
Reverse: KAΛΛA (KALLA), Grain Ear, Club, and Bow in Bowcase. Σ to Right.

The fortress-city of Kallatis was founded in Thrace at the end of the 6th Century BC by colonists from Heraclea Pontica. Kallatis began minting silver coinage circa 350 BC. In the year 28 BC, Kallatis was conquered by Licinius Crassus of Rome and made a part of the province of Moesia. The style on both the obverse and reverse are common of Alexander the Great's fractional drachm, bearing Herakles and his weapons. Kallatis claimed descent from Herakles through their mother city, Heraclea Pontica, which was founded by Megara, who claim Herakles as their founder.
Hydro
bosporus_asander_Anokhin224.jpg
Kingdom of Bosporos, Asander, Anokhin 2242 viewsAsander as Archon, 47-43 BC
AE 26 (Obol), 13.12g, 25.81mm, 0°
obv. Head of Apoll (Asander?), diademed, r., below chin c/m 8-pointed star in circular incus, between 2 rays Delta
rev. [ARXONTOC] - [A]CANDR[OV]
Prora, [r. before Trident], below c/m 8-pointed star in circular incus, between 2 rays Delta
ref. Anokhin 224; cf. MacDonald 193 (ASANDROV with Sigma); RPC I, 1848; Natwoka 12-14; SNG Copenhagen (with
same c/m)
rare, F, brown patina, some corrosion

These are usually overstrucked on coins of Bosporos or Pontic bronzes from the time of Mithradates Eupator.
Jochen
SullaTorquatusI.jpg
L. Manlius Torquatus and L. Cornelius Sulla54 viewsL. Manlius Torquatus and L. Cornelius Sulla (82 BC). AR denarius 3.99 g. Military military mint with Sulla.
O: Helmeted bust of Roma right, with peaked visor, cruciform earring and necklace, hair in three locks; L MANLI before; PRO•Q behind
R: Sulla, togate, driving triumphal quadriga right, holding branch and reins; above, Victory flying left crowning Sulla with laurel wreath; L•SVLLA•IM in exergue. - Crawford 367/5. Sydenham 757. Manlia 4.
Fine style, light golden toning.

As consul for the year 88 BC, Sulla was awarded the coveted assignment of suppressing the revolt of Mithradates VI of Pontus, but political maneuvers resulted in this assignment being transferred to Marius. In response, Sulla turned his army on Rome, captured it, and reclaimed his command against Mithradates. His prosecution of the first Mithradatic War was successful, but he spared the Pontic king for personal gain. In 83 BC, Sulla returned to Italy as an outlaw, but he was able to win the support of many of the leading Romans. Within a year, he fought his way to Rome, where he was elected dictator. It was during this campaign to Rome that this denarius was struck. The obverse type represents Sulla's claim to be acting in Rome's best interest. The reverse shows Sulla enjoying the highest honor to which a Roman could aspire: the celebration of a triumph at Rome.

We learn from Plutarch that L. Manlius Torquatus was one of Sulla’s generals. This type was struck during Sulla’s political campaign to be elected dictator, following his return to Rome after his victory against Mithridates. Prior to the Mithridatic Wars, L. Manlius Torquatus had been Sulla’s quaestor - a post he had resigned to assume his military role; hence on this issue he is proquaestor.
1 commentsNemonater
MITH_BOTH_EX.jpg
Mithradates V1 Eupator 89/88 BC Tetradrachm5 viewsObs: Diademed head of Mithradates Eupator right
Pontus Mint 16.31 gm 30mm
Rev: Drinking Pegasos left
Mint mark RF , above,date ΘΣ
6 rayed star in crescent LF
de Callatay Obs: D55 Rev: not in plates
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΙΘΡΑΔΑΤΟΥ ΕΥΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ
All surrounded by a Dionysic wreath of ivy & fruit
cicerokid
nikopolis_caracalla_AMNG1416(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2018) 8.18.10.23 (plate coin)33 viewsCaracalla as Caesar, AD 196-198
AE 18, 1.97g, 17.47g, 30°
obv. M AVR K[A] - ANT[WNINOC]
Bust, draped, bare-headed, r.
rev. NIKOPOLIT PROC ICT
Cock, stg. r., attacking serpent erecting l.
ref. a) not in AMNG
rev. AMNG I/1, 1416 (for Severus)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.18.10.23 (plate coin)
d) 1 ex. in CNG electronic auction 109, lot 84
extremely rare (R9), F/F+

This motive appears too on a coin of Appolonia Pontica. Its meaning is absolutely unclear.
Jochen
BOTH_BITY_2~0.jpg
Nicomedes 1V Philopator tetradrachm 88/7 BC5 viewsObv: Diademed head of Nicomedes 11 right
Rev: Zeus Stratios standing in Himeiton holding wreath in LH and Sceptre in other.
Eagle on thunderbolt under Left arm, below monogram, below ΙΣ date Bithynian-Pontic era 210 = 88/7 BC
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ NIKOMHΔOY
16.19g 34.4 mm
de Callatay: NEW
cicerokid
Philipcotiaeum4.jpg
Phrygia, Cotiaeum. Philip I AE26 Kyble. C. Julius Ponticus, Archiereus67 viewsPhrigia, Cotiaeum. Between 244 and 249
Obverse. M IOYLIOS P'ILIPPOS AYG
Reverse. EPI G IOYL PONTIKOY ARC'IER EWS KOTIAEWN
Kyble on stool being pulled by biga of lions. Polos / Tympanon
SNG AUL 3787(1). BMC 17 S174,78(2)
ancientone
Mitrha.jpg
Pontic Bronze Coin of Mithridates VI19 viewsA Pontic Bronze coin of Mithridates IV minted in Amisos between 85-65 AD. 21 mm, 7.17 g.

Obverse: Aegis with Medusa's head at center.

Reverse: AMI-EOY across Nike advancing right carrying palm branch.

Attribution: SNG Black Sea 1177-1191
chuy1530
Mithradates.jpg
Pontic Bronze Coin of Mithridates VI13 viewsA Pontic bronze coin of Mithridates VI minted in Amisos, Pontus between 100-85 BC. 20mm, 7.6g.chuy1530
pontos~0.jpg
Pontic Kingdom, Amisos15 viewsAE21, 6.95g, 12h; 85-65 BC.
Obv.: Aegis with gorgon head at center.
Rev.: Nike advancing right with palm branch; monograms in r. and l. field; AMI-ΣOY.
Reference: SNG Stancomb 688.
John Anthony
apr_24_2012-010.jpg
Pontic Kingdom, Medusa Aegis21 views85-65 BC
Pontic Kingdom

Medusa Aegis

Nike advancing right with palm frond
AMI-EOY

Ae 20mm; 9.02g
Robin Ayers
apr_24_2012-009.jpg
Pontic Kingdom, Medusa Aegis31 views85-65 BC
Pontic Kingdom

Medusa Aegis

Nike advancing right with palm frond
AIM-EOY

Ae 22mm; 6.78g
1 commentsRobin Ayers
Mithradates_VI_-_Smyrna_AE23.jpg
Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, 120-63 BC, Ę 25 - Smyrna 88-86 BC13 viewsDiademed head of Mithradates VI of Pontos right.
ZMYPNAIΩN right, EPMOΓENHΣ/ΦPIΞOΣ to left of Nike standing right, palm frond over shoulder while crowning the city’s ethnic with wreath.

Milne, Autonomous Smyrna 340; Callata˙ pl. LI, P-Q; SNG Copenhagen 1206; BMC 118; McClean 8286, pl. 287, 6; Winterthur 3148.
Smyrna 88-86 BC.

(25 mm, 14.86 g, 12h).
Gorny & Mosch.
n.igma
LarryW2405.jpg
Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, Eupator, the Great, c. 120-63 BC50 viewsGold Stater, 8.23g, EF
Restoring the Lysimachos type
Diademed head of Alexander the Great (with the features of Mithradates VI), wearing the horn of Ammon / BAΣIΛEΩΣ LYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, holding Nike and resting left arm on shield, transverse spear against her side, BY on throne, AP monogram under right arm, trident and two dolphins in ex
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
SNG Cop 1089 var
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
sinope_b.jpg
PONTIC KINGDOM—PAPHLAGONIA, SINOPE16 viewsca 85-65 BC (time of Mithradates VI)
Ę 21mm, 7.84 g
O: Laureate head of Zeus right
R: Eagle, left with head reverted and wings slightly open, standing on thunderbolt; EA monogram to left, star to right, ΣINΩΠΗΣ below
PAPHLAGONIA, Sinope; SNG BM Black Sea 1543; SNG Copenhagen 304; HGC 7, 421.
laney
ponticaegisOR.jpg
Pontos, Amisos, BMC Pontos p. 19, 69 - 78 var 33 viewsPontos, Amisos mint, c. 85 - 65 B.C., 22mm 6.98g, BMC Pontos p. 19, 69 - 78 var (various monograms)
O: Aegis with facing head of Gorgon in center
R: AMI-ΣOY, Nike advancing right, holding palm across shoulders
1 commentscasata137ec
mithridates_vi_res.jpg
PONTOS, AMISOS: PONTIC KINGDOM--MITHRIDATES VI (THE GREAT)29 viewsca. 120 - 63 BC (probably struck ca. 85 - 65 BC)
AE 23.5 mm 12.91 g
O: head of Mithridates VI as Perseus right, wearing diadem and Phrygian helmet;
R: AMISOY, Pegasus grazing left, monograms left and below (MA)
BMC Pontus p. 19, 63 var; SNG Von Aulock 62 var, SNG Cop 158 - 159 var (all monogram variations)
(according to Forum Ancient Coins: "BMC lists two examples with the same monogram left and the MP monogram below, but omits the A below. The other references have completely different monograms."
laney
sept_sev_Komana_BMC3.jpg
Pontos, Komana, Septimius Severus BMC 349 viewsSeptimius Severus AD 193-211
AE 29, 16.36g
struck year 172 of Komana = AD 205/6
obv. AY KL CEP CEOYHROC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. IERO KAICA - KOMANE
tetrastyle temple within statue of Ma-Enyo on pedestal, standing facing, head r., holding
wreath in l. hand
BMC 3; GIC 2156 var.
F/about VF

Ma, Mene, was a pre-hellenic war-goddess, worshipped in Cappadocian Komana and Komana Pontica, a colony of the former. Sulla brought this cult to Rome too.
Enyo in the Greek mythology is one of the three Graias and a relative of Ares, identified with the bloody Bellona. So it is understandable that Ma and Enyo melted together.

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
Jochen
neocaesarea_caracalla_Waddington22var.jpg
Pontos, Neocaesarea, Caracalla, Rec. Gen. 22 var.47 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 30, 4.1g
struck AD 209/210 (year 146)
obv. AYT M AYRH - ANTWNINOC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. KOIN PON - NEO - KAI - MHTRO
Tetrastyle temple, columns with distinct ektasis, feet of columns with two
embossments (torus), just as the capitals, pediment with shield (or Sol?) in the
tympanon, decorated akrosteria[,and quadriga on top of the roof]; in the
outer intercolumnaria backwall visible with bricks, in the middle
intercolumnarium statue of Zeus, nude, raised r. hand, stg. facing on narrow
cippus.
in ex. RM Digamma (year 146)
Waddington 22 var. (bust radiate); SNG von Aulock 6760 var. (bust seen frontal); Cismeli 110 var. (bare-headed); SNG Copenhagen -; unpublished
rare, about VF/VF, brown patina

Sometimes the figure on the cippus is called Ma, which was worshipped in Komana Pontica, where she was brought from Komana in Cappadocia, and from where Sulla she brought to Rome where she was identified with Bellona. But a female deity is never depicted nude and therefore it can't be Ma!
1 commentsJochen
bpP1R6Bosporus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Bosporus, Rhescuporis V, time of Licinius I c.A.D.32393 viewsObv: ΒΑСΙΛЄWС ΡHСΚΟVΠΟΡIC
Laureate and draped bust, right. Trident before.
Rev: K X
Bust of Licinius I, right. Before, eagle with wreath in beak standing left on globe.
Ae Stater 9 gm 18.4 mm 323AD Sear (GIC) 5505
Comment: K X on reverse equates to year 620 in the Pontic Calander (Year 1 = 297 BC).
Massanutten
bpCH1W1Hann.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Hanniballianus, Constantinople, RIC 148, R5, 336-37 AD88 viewsObv: FL HANNIBALLIANO REGI
Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
Rev: SEC-VRITAS PVBLICA
Euphrates reclining, right, leaning on sceptre, urn at his side, reed in background.
1.2 gm 16 mm Ae3/4 Exergue: (CONSS)
Comment: Brother of Delmatius and married to Constantine's daughter, Constantina. Given the unique (for the Roman Empire) title of Rex Regum et Ponticarum or King of kings and the Pontic people. He was twenty-one years old at the time. He was killed two years later, shortly after the death of Constantine. Too bad the exergue is obliterated in that it would have shed light on the RIC note for this coin, "148. Mint-mark defective. Final S uncertain; may read only CONS."
Massanutten
rjb_greek2_08_07.jpg
Thrace - Appolonia Pontica20 viewsAR drachm
450-400 BC
O - Facing gorgon
R - Inverted anchor with A and crayfish beside

mauseus
coins100.JPG
Thrace, Apollonia Pontica36 viewsApollonia Pontica was founded by Miletos towards the end of the seventh century. Strabo says the greater part of the city occupied an offshore island, which must have been the present Sveti Kyrikos, but it extended over the Sozopol peninusla and Greeks also settled on the Atiya peninsula, a few kilometres to the north. The site was evidently chosen for its two excellent harbours - the city's emblem on coins was an anchor and a prawn - rather than trade. Its immediate hinterland was rugged and had no easy routes to the interior. The growing seaborne traffic plying the western Black Sea coast had shown the need for a port of call for revictualling and repairs between the Bosphoran harbours and such wealthy trading colonies as Histria and Olbia, established some half a century ealier further north." R F Hoddinott, Bulgaria in Antiquity, p 33

Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites Apollonia del Ponto: Two large gates and an island are known where the celebrated Sanctuary of Apollo and the major part of the ancient city were situated. A Greek inscription records the reconstruction of the ruined city and of the famous sanctuary by a Thracian tribe. The Imperial coins continue to use the name Apollonia until the 3d c. A.D., when the name Sozopol appears. During the Byzantine Empire Sozopol was the seat of a bishop, a rich and prosperous city that was frequented by the Genoese until it fell under Turkish domination in 1383. Today it is a modest town. Nothing of the ancient city remains visible above ground. Early excavations furnished little clarification. It is certainly on the island of St. Ciriaco where the stele of Anaxandros was found that the Temple of Apollo must be sought since all the material found in 1904, including a series of terracotta figurines datable to the 6th c. B.C., is connected with that cult; on the island of St. George there are traces of Byzantine construction. Both older and more recent excavations at Kalfata and the port of Giardino brought to light rich Greek necropoleis containing painted funerary vases dating between the 5th and the 2d c. B.C. The promontory is called Cape Kolokuntas (pumpkins) because of the great number of tumuli in the area. They are scattered over the upland and contain dromoi and funerary chambers, as was the Thracian custom. There are also cultural blendings as in the tumulus of Mapes, with dromoi and painted sarcophagi, where the Greek influence dominates.

Xenophon 7, 5 describes the Salmydessian coast between Apollonia and the Bosphorus:

...they [Xenophon and his troops] continued the march with Seuthes, and, keeping the Pontus upon the right through the country of the millet-eating Thracians, as they are called, arrived at Salmydessus. Here many vessels sailing to the Pontus run aground and are wrecked; for there are shoals that extend far and wide. [7.5.13] And the Thracians who dwell on this coast have boundary stones set up and each group of them plunder the ships that are wrecked within their own limits; but in earlier days, before they fixed the boundaries, it was said that in the course of their plundering many of them used to be killed by one another. [7.5.14] Here there were found great numbers of beds and boxes, quantities of written books, and an abundance of all the other articles that shipowners carry in wooden chests.

Apollonia Pontica, 450 - 400 BC. Silver Drachm. Anchor. / Gorgoneian facing with wild hair and a protruding tongure. VF
ecoli
apollonia_overstrike_k.jpg
Thrace, Apollonia Pontica 5 viewsAR Drachm, 18x15mm, 2.6g; 4th Century BC.
Obv.: Gorgoneion.
Rev.: Anchor, A to left, crayfish to right.
Reference: SNG BM Black Sea 157; SNG Copenhagen 452.
Overstruck on unknown host, 17-11-00 (DS)
John Anthony
apollonia_drachm_k.jpg
Thrace, Apollonia Pontica 3 viewsAR Drachm, 18x13mm, 2.5g, 7h; 4th Century BC.
Obv.: Gorgoneion.
Rev.: Anchor, A to left, crayfish to right.
Reference: SNG BM Black Sea 157; SNG Copenhagen 452, 17-14-75
John Anthony
Apollonia-Pontica_AG-Drachm_Head-of-Gorgon-faceing_Anchor-A-to-left-crayfish-to-right_GCV-1655_SNG-BMC-Black-Sea-160_Thrace-c_400-350-BC_Q-001_axis-11h_13,5mm_2,85g-s.jpg
Thrace, Apollonia Pontica, Black Sea area, (c.400-350 B.C.), GCV-1655, AR-Reduced Drachm, Anchor A to left, crayfish to right, #180 viewsThrace, Apollonia Pontica, Black Sea area, (c.400-350 B.C.), GCV-1655, AR-Reduced Drachm, Anchor A to left, crayfish to right, #1
avers: No legends, Head of Gorgon facing with protruding tongue.
reverse: Anchor A to left, crayfish to right.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 13,5mm, weight: 2,85g, axis: 11h,
mint: Thrace, Apollonia Pontica, Black Sea area, date: c.400-350 B.C.,
ref: GCV-1655, SNG-, BMC-Black-Sea-160,
Q-001
quadrans
apolloniapontikadrachm2.jpg
Thrace, Apollonia Pontica, Drachm30 viewsThrace, Apollonia Pontica. 5th-4th Century BC. Drachm.
Obverse: Head of Medusa
Reverse: Anchor, crayfish and 'A' monogram.
CANTANATRIX
apolloniapontikadrachm1.jpg
Thrace, Apollonia Pontica, Drachm25 viewsThrace, Apollonia Pontica. 5th-4th Century BC. Drachm.
Obverse: Head of Medusa
Reverse: Anchor, crayfish and 'A' monogram.
CANTANATRIX
Slide1.jpg
Thrace, Apollonia Pontica. S.Severus26 viewsThrace, Apollonia Pontica. S.Severus(193-211). Obv. - AY K Λ CEΠ CEVHPOC Π, laureate, draped bust right /Rev. - AΠOΛΛΩNIHTEΩN ENΠONTΩ, tetrastyle temple with statue (Apollo?)within. Varbanov eng. 825-830; bg 1204-1209. Raremaxthrax
PonticaSev3.jpg
Thrace, Apollonia Pontica. Septimius Severus AE28.21 viewsAV K L CEVHROC P, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / APOLLONIHTEWN, EN PONTW, tetrastyle temple with statue of emperor standing left within, in military dress; o in pediment. Varbanov 829.ancientone
Apollon_Pontika.jpg
THRACE, APOLLONIA PONTIKA25 views450 - 400 BC
Silver drachm, 13.7 mm max.; 3.246 g
O: Facing Gorgoneion, protruding tongue, human hair, wearing taenia, in shallow round incuse
R: Inverted anchor, large flukes, A left, crayfish right
Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol, Bulgaria) mint ;Topalov Apollonia p. 382, 5; SNG BM 159; Pozzi 2563; SNG Stancomb -; SNG Cop -
(ex Forum)
laney
Apollon_Pontika~0.jpg
THRACE, APOLLONIA PONTIKA22 views450 - 400 BC
Silver drachm, 13.7 mm max.; 3.246 g
O: Facing Gorgoneion, protruding tongue, human hair, wearing taenia, in shallow round incuse
R: Inverted anchor, large flukes, A left, crayfish right
Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol, Bulgaria) mint ;Topalov Apollonia p. 382, 5; SNG BM 159; Pozzi 2563; SNG Stancomb -; SNG Cop -
(ex Forum)
laney
1_Apollonia_Pontica_photo_adj.jpg
Thrace-Apollonia Pontica/Parion; 450-400 BC42 viewsAR-Hemidrachm
Obv: Facing Medusa with protruding tongue,in the style of Parion.
Rev: Inverted Anchor,Under Flukes;left-A,right-crayfish.
Size: 12mm;2.48gms
Rare with the Parion style obverse and Apollonia reverse.
1 commentsBrian L
apoll_pontica_faustina_Varbanov810.jpg
Thracia, Apollonia Pontica, Faustina jun., Varbanov 81081 viewsFaustina jun., AD 147-175
AE 26, 11.17g
obv. FAVCTEINA - CEBACTH
Bust, draped, r.
rev. APOLLONIHTEWN / EN PONTW (TW ligate)
Eagle with spread wings stg l.; feet entwined by a snake which erects l. before
him, head r.
Ref.: Varbanov (engl.) 810; Moushmov 3178
Very rare, VF+, brown patina, slight overall porosity
2 commentsJochen
Dracma - Apollonia Pontika.jpg
TRACIA - APOLLONIA PONTIKA40 views(Zona al oeste del Mar Negro)

AR Dracma 14 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: Cabeza de la Gorgona Medusa, con arte arcaico y sus atributos caracterķsticos (sacando la lengua y con los cabellos en forma de serpiente). Las serpientes enroscadas bordean toda la moneda.
Rev: Ancla (Įncora) invertida "A" a la derecha y Cangrejo (Cigala) a la izquierda.

Acuńada: 450 - 400 A.C.
Ceca: Apollonia Póntica (Sozopolis), antiguo reino de Tracia. La actual ciudad de Sozopol fue una de las primeras colonias griegas a las orillas de Mar Negro (hoy Bulgaria).

Referencias: Sear GCTV Vol.1 #1655 Pag.165 – B.M.C. Vol.15 (Mysia) #5-7 Pag.8 - SNG Berry #391 - SNG BM Black Sea #153 - SNG Cop. #454 Vol.6
mdelvalle
Manuel1ComAR_Sear2601.jpg
[1685a] Empire of Trebizond: Manuel I Komnenos Megas (1218-1263 AD)313 viewsEmpire of Trebizond: Manuel I, Komnenos, Silver Asper, Sear-2601, struck 1238-1263, 2.9 grams, 21.9 mm. Nice VF; Obverse: St. Eugenius standing facing, holding a long cross; Reverse: Manuel standing facing, holding labarum and akakia, Manus Dei in upper right field. Nicely centered with technically 'mint state' surfaces, but a touch of strike unevenness and irregular toning. Ex Glenn Woods.

Manuel I Megas Komnenos (Greek: Μανουήλ Α΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Manouēl I Megas Komnēnos), (c. 1218 – March 1263), Emperor of Trebizond from 1238 to 1263, surnamed the "Great Captain", was the second son of Alexios I, the first emperor of Trebizond, and Theodora Axouchina. He succeeded his brother, John I Axouchos. In spite of his alleged military abilities, Trebizond became or remained a vassal to the Seljuk Turks and, after the Battle of Köse Dag in 1243, to the Mongols of Persia. Trapezuntine forces served in the battle as Seljuk tributaries. The Seljuk forces were shattered in the defeat and the Sultanate of Iconium began to decline.

In 1253, Manuel negotiated for a dynastic alliance with King Louis IX of France, by which he hoped to secure the help of the Crusaders against the Seljuks and Laskarids of Nicaea, but Louis advised him to seek a wife from the Latin Empire of Constantinople. Jean de Joinville testifies to Manuel's wealth, saying he sent Louis: "various precious things as a gift; amongst others, bows made of the wood of the service tree, whose arrow-notches screwed into the bow, and when they were released, one saw that they were very sharp and well made."

The destruction of Baghdad by Hulagu Khan in 1258 revived the trade route running north from Armenia and the upper Euphrates valley to Erzerum and then through the Zigana Pass to Trebizond. This trade route caused the beginnings of Trebizond's commercial prosperity, because goods from the Silk Road were now transported to Trebizond and the Black Sea, instead of to the Mediterranean. Although some bronze coins have been attributed to Alexios I, and silver aspers were certainly coined by John I, Manuel struck both bronze coins and a large silver currency. Trapezuntine coins circulated widely outside the empire, especially in Georgia.

Manuel rebuilt the Hagia Sophia monastery in Trebizond between 1250 and 1260. Eastmond describes Manuel's church as 'the finest surviving Byzantine imperial monument of its period.' When Michael VIII Palaiologos recaptured Constantinople from the Latin Empire in 1261 he unsuccessfully demanded that Manuel abandon his claim to the Byzantine succession.

Manuel married three times and left several children, four of whom reigned after him. By his first wife, Anna Xylaloe, a Trapezuntine noblewoman he had:
• Andronikos II, who succeeded as emperor.

By his second wife, the Iberian princess Rusudan, he had:
• Theodora

By his third wife, Irene Syrikaina, another Trapezuntine noblewoman, he had four children:
• George
• Anonymous daughter, who married King Demetre II of Georgia
• Anonymous daughter
• John II.

The Empire of Trebizond (Greek: Βασίλειον τής Τραπεζούντας) was a Byzantine Greek successor state of the Byzantine Empire founded in 1204 as a result of the capture of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade. Queen Tamar of Georgia provided troops to her nephew Alexios I, who conquered the Pontic Greek city of Trebizond, Sinope and Paphlagonia. It is often known as "the last Greek Empire."

Foundation
When Constantinople fell in the Fourth Crusade in 1204 to the Western European and Venetian Crusaders, the Empire of Trebizond was one of the three smaller Greek states that emerged from the wreckage, along with the Empire of Nicaea and the Despotate of Epirus. Alexios, a grandson of Byzantine emperor Andronikos I Komnenos, son of Rusudan daughter of George III of Georgia, made Trebizond his capital and asserted a claim to be the legitimate successor of the Byzantine Empire.

The Byzantine Emperor Andronikos I had been deposed and killed in 1185. His son Manuel was blinded and may have died of his injuries. The sources agree that Rusudan, the wife of Manuel and the mother of Alexios and David, fled Constantinople with her children, to escape persecution by Isaac II Angelos, Andronikos' successor. It is unclear whether Rusudan fled to Georgia or to the southern coast of the Black Sea where the Komnenos family had its origins. There is some evidence that the Comnenian heirs had set up a semi-independent state centred on Trebizond before 1204.

The rulers of Trebizond called themselves Grand Komnenos (Megas Komnenos) and at first claimed the traditional Byzantine title of "Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans." After reaching an agreement with the Byzantine Empire in 1282, the official title of the ruler of Trebizond was changed to "Emperor and Autocrat of the entire East, of the Iberians and the Transmarine Provinces" and remained such until the empire's end in 1461. The state is sometimes called The Komnenian Empire because the ruling dynasty descended from Alexios I Komnenos.

Trebizond initially controlled a contiguous area on the southern Black Sea coast between Soterioupolis and Sinope, comprising the modern Turkish provinces of Sinop, Ordu, Giresun, Trabzon, Bayburt, Gümüşhane, Rise and Artvin. In the thirteenth century, the empire controlled Perateia which included Cherson and Kerch on the Crimean peninsula. David Komnenos expanded rapidly to the west, occupying first Sinope, then Paphlagonia and Heraclea Pontica until his territory bordered the Empire of Nicaea founded by Theodore I Laskaris. The territories west of Sinope were lost to the Empire of Nicaea by 1206. Sinope itself fell to the Seljuks in 1214.

Prosperity
While Epirus effectively disintegrated in the 14th century, and the Nicaean Empire succeeded in retaking Constantinople and extinguishing the feeble Latin Empire, only to be conquered in 1453 by the Ottoman Empire, Trebizond managed to outlive its competitors in Epirus and Nicaea.

Trebizond was in continual conflict with the Sultanate of Iconium and later with the Ottoman Turks, as well as Byzantium, the Italian republics, and especially the Genoese. It was an empire more in title than in fact, surviving by playing its rivals against each other, and offering the daughters of its rulers for marriage with generous dowries, especially with the Turkmen rulers of interior Anatolia.

The destruction of Baghdad by Hulagu Khan in 1258 made Trebizond the western terminus of the Silk Road. The city grew to tremendous wealth on the Silk Road trade under the protection of the Mongols. Marco Polo returned to Europe by way of Trebizond in 1295. Under the rule of Alexios III (1349–1390) the city was one of the world's leading trade centres and was renowned for its great wealth and artistic accomplishment.

Climax and Civil War
The small Empire of Trebizond had been most successful in asserting itself at its very start, under the leadership of Alexios I (1204–1222) and especially his younger brother David Komnenos, who died in battle in 1214. Alexios' second son Manuel I (1238–1263) had preserved internal security and acquired the reputation of a great commander, but the empire was already losing outlying provinces to the Turkmen, and found itself forced to pay tribute to the Seljuks of Rum and then to the Mongols of Persia, a sign of things to come. The troubled reign of John II (1280–1297) included a reconciliation with the Byzantine Empire and the end of Trapezuntine claims to Constantinople. Trebizond reached its greatest wealth and influence during the long reign of Alexios II (1297–1330). Trebizond suffered a period of repeated imperial depositions and assassinations from the end of Alexios' reign until the first years of Alexios III, ending in 1355. The empire never fully recovered its internal cohesion, commercial supremacy or territory.

Decline and Fall
Manuel III (1390–1417), who succeeded his father Alexios III as emperor, allied himself with Timur, and benefited from Timur's defeat of the Ottoman Turks at the Battle of Ankara in 1402. His son Alexios IV (1417–1429) married two of his daughters to Jihan Shah, khan of the Kara Koyunlu, and to Ali Beg, khan of the Ak Koyunlu; while his eldest daughter Maria became the third wife of the Byzantine Emperor John VIII Palaiologos. Pero Tafur, who visited the city in 1437, reported that Trebizond had less than 4,000 troops.

John IV (1429–1459) could not help but see his Empire would soon share the same fate as Constantinople. The Ottoman Sultan Murad II first attempted to take the capital by sea in 1442, but high surf made the landings difficult and the attempt was repulsed. While Mehmed II was away laying siege to Belgrade in 1456, the Ottoman governor of Amasya attacked Trebizond, and although defeated, took many prisoners and extracted a heavy tribute.

John IV prepared for the eventual assault by forging alliances. He gave his daughter to the son of his brother-in-law, Uzun Hasan, khan of the Ak Koyunlu, in return for his promise to defend Trebizond. He also secured promises of help from the Turkish emirs of Sinope and Karamania, and from the king and princes of Georgia.

After John's death in 1459, his brother David came to power and misused these alliances. David intrigued with various European powers for help against the Ottomans, speaking of wild schemes that included the conquest of Jerusalem. Mehmed II eventually heard of these intrigues, and was further provoked to action by David's demand that Mehmed remit the tribute imposed on his brother.

Mehmed's response came in the summer of 1461. He led a sizeable army from Brusa, first to Sinope whose emir quickly surrendered, then south across Armenia to neutralize Uzun Hasan. Having isolated Trebizond, Mehmed quickly swept down upon it before the inhabitants knew he was coming, and placed it under siege. The city held out for a month before the emperor David surrendered on August 15, 1461.

With the fall of Trebizond, the territory of "the Last Greek Empire" was extinguished.


List of Trapezuntine Emperors

• Alexios I Megas Komnenos (1204–1222)
• Andronikos I Gidos (1222–1235)
• John I Axouchos Megas Komnenos (1235–1238)
• Manuel I Megas Komnenos (1238–1263)
• Andronikos II Megas Komnenos (1263–1266)
• George Megas Komnenos (1266–1280)
• John II Megas Komnenos (1280–1284)
• Theodora Megale Komnene (1284–1285)
• John II Megas Komnenos (restored, 1285–1297)
• Alexios II Megas Komnenos (1297–1330)
• Andronikos III Megas Komnenos (1330–1332)
• Manuel II Megas Komnenos (1332)
• Basil Megas Komnenos (1332–1340)
• Irene Palaiologina (1340–1341)
• Anna Anachoutlou Megale Komnene (1341)
• Michael Megas Komnenos (1341)
• Anna Anachoutlou Megale Komnene (restored, 1341–1342)
• John III Megas Komnenos (1342–1344)
• Michael Megas Komnenos (restored, 1344–1349)
• Alexios III Megas Komnenos (1349–1390)
• Manuel III Megas Komnenos (1390–1416)
• Alexios IV Megas Komnenos (1416–1429)
• John IV Megas Komnenos (1429–1459)
• David Megas Komnenos (1459–1461)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manuel_I_of_Trebizond
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empire_of_Trebizond


Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
   
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