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Search results - "Pergamon,"
Pergamon.jpg
15 views19mmareich
senate_roma6.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON (SEMI-AUTONOMOUS)7 views1st - 2nd Cent. AD
15.5 mm, 2.41 g
O: Draped bust of the Senate right
R: Turreted bust of Roma right; monogram before
laney
senate_roma_8.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON (SEMI-AUTONOMOUS)5 views1st - 2nd Cent. AD
15 mm, 3.08 g
O: Draped bust of the Senate right
R: Turreted bust of Roma right;
laney
2CrXTmC384gPtZ9JYce56FzdZ8pRzK.jpg
002d. Julia and Livia, Pergamon, Mysia43 viewsBronze AE 18, RPC I 2359, SNG Cop 467, aF, weight 3.903 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, obverse ΛIBIAN HPAN CAPINOΣ, draped bust of Livia right; reverse IOYΛIAN AΦPO∆ITHN, draped bust of Julia right; ex Forum, ex Malter Galleries

Julia was Augustus' only natural child, the daughter of his second wife Scribonia. She was born the same day that Octavian divorced Scribonia, to marry Livia.

Julia's tragic destiny was to serve as a pawn in her father's dynastic plans. At age two, she was betrothed to Mark Antony's ten-year-old son, but the fathers' hostility ended the engagement. At age 14, she was married to her cousin but he died two years later. In 21 B.C., Julia married Agrippa, nearly 25 years her elder, Augustus' most trusted general and friend. Augustus had been advised, "You have made him so great that he must either become your son-in-law or be slain." Agrippa died suddenly in 12 B.C. and Julia was married in 11 B.C. to Tiberius.

During her marriages to Agrippa and Tiberius Julia took lovers. In 2 B.C., Julia was arrested for adultery and treason. Augustus declared her marriage null and void. He also asserted in public that she had been plotting against his own life. Reluctant to execute her, Augustus had her exiled, with no men in sight, forbidden even to drink wine. Scribonia, Julia's mother, accompanied her into exile. Five years later, she was allowed to move to Rhegium but Augustus never forgave her. When Tiberius became emperor, he cut off her allowance and put her in solitary confinement in one room in her house. Within months she died from malnutrition.
ecoli
RPC_I_2364_Plautius_Silvanus_y_Augusto_MYSIA_PERGAMON.jpg
01-75 - Pergamo - Misia - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)13 viewsAE19 19 mm 5.7 gr.
M. Plautius Silvanus procnsul y Magistrado de Demophon.

Anv: "ΣΙΛΒΑΝΟΝ ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΟΙ" - el Proconsul M. Plautius Silvanus vistiendo toga estante de frente, portando ptera y siendo coronado por una figura masculina vestida con coraza.
Rev: "ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΝ ΔΗΜΟΦΩΝ" - Templo con cuatro columnas con una estatua de Augusto.

Acuada 04 - 06 D.C.
Ceca: Pergamo - Misia

Referencias: RPC I #2364 Pag.403 - SNG BN Paris #2016 - Voegtli, FvP #337 Pag.30 - BMC #242-5 Pag.139
mdelvalle
Julia_Pergamon_R694.jpg
039 BC - AD 014 - IVLIA8 viewsJulia

Julia the Elder, known to her contemporaries as Julia Caesaris filia or Julia Augusti filia was the daughter of Augustus, and his second wife, Scribonia.


for obverse, reverse and coin details click here
shanxi
041_Commodus_(177-192_A_D_),_AE-30___KOMMODOC___CTPDIO(L_orA)__IOEPGAMHON,_Q-001_6h_30,0mm_11,24g-s~0.jpg
041bp Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), Mysia, Pergamon, Weisser 1110, Diodorus, strategus, EΠI CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated left, 65 views041bp Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), Mysia, Pergamon, Weisser 1110, Diodorus, strategus, Asia: Conventus of Pergamum; Mysia, EΠI-CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated left, holding patera feeding serpent,
avers:- AV-KA-AVP-ΚΟMOΔOC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- EΠI-CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated, left, feeding serpent from patera, holding staff.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 11,24g, axis: 6h,
mint: Pergamum; Asia: Conventus of Pergamum; Mysia, date: 182-184 A.D., ref: Weisser 1110,
Q-001
quadrans
Livia_Pergamon_R694.jpg
058 BC - AD 026 - LIVIA DRVSILLA8 viewsLivia

Livia Drusilla was the wife of the Roman emperor Augustus throughout his reign, as well as his adviser.


for obverse, reverse and coin details click here
shanxi
750_P_Hadrian_pseudo_RPC_1741.jpg
1741 MYSIA, Pergamon AE 18 Pseudo-autonomous under Hadrian 134 AD nude male25 viewsReference.
RPC 3, 1741; BMC 227-30, Cop 448-50, SNG France 1953-6

Magistrate I. Pllin (strategos)

Obv. ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ
Helmeted head of Athena, right; with snake aegis

Rev. CTP I ΠOΛΛIΩNOC
Nude male youth standing facing, his r. hand raised, holding uncertain object in l.

2.59 gr
17 mm
12h
2 commentsokidoki
530_P_Hadrian_BMC221.JPG
1748 MYSIA, Pergamon, Pseudo-autonomous under Hadrian23 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1748; BMC Mysia p. 135 221;

Obv. ΘEON CΥN-KΛHTON
Draped bust of the (male) Senate right

Rev. ΘEAN ΡΩ-MHN
Turreted and draped (female) bust of Roma right, Monogram in front

3.21 gr
18 mm.
okidoki
Pergamon_bronzes.jpg
2 Pergamon Mysia Bronze97 viewsPergamon 2 coins, nice martial types; 1) Athena / Nike, 2) Athena / Trophy of Armor
ex FORVM
Adrian S
22031.jpg
22031 Askelopsis/Pergamon25 viewsAskelopsis/Pergamon
EΠI ΠEPΓAMOY
Head of Asklepios right
ΠEPΓAMHNΩN
Eagle standing on thunderbolt
Pergamon, Mysia, 22mm 8.22 g
SNG France 1864

Thanks to shanxi and Altamura for help identifying.

1 commentsBlayne W
coins213.JPG
501. Constantine I Cyzicus GLORIA EXERCITVS29 viewsCyzicus

Cyzicus was an ancient town of Mysia in Asia Minor, situated on the shoreward side of the present peninsula of Kapu-Dagh (Arctonnesus), which is said to have been originally an island in the Sea of Marmara, and to have been artificially connected with the mainland in historic times.

It was, according to tradition, occupied by Thessalian settlers at the coming of the Argonauts, and in 756 BC the town was founded by Greeks from Miletus.

Owing to its advantageous position it speedily acquired commercial importance, and the gold staters of Cyzicus were a staple currency in the ancient world till they were superseded by those of Philip of Macedon. (For more information on ancient coinage click here) During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately, and at the peace of Antalcidas (387 BC), like the other Greek cities in Asia, it was made over to Persia.

The history of the town in Hellenistic times is closely connected with that of the Attalids of Pergamon, with whose extinction it came into direct relations with Rome. Cyzicus was held for the Romans against Mithradates in 74 BC till the siege was raised by Lucullus: the loyalty of the city was rewarded by an extension of territory and other privileges. Still a flourishing centre in Imperial times, the place appears to have been ruined by a series of earthquakes the last in AD 1063 and the population was transferred to Artaki at least as early as the 13th century, when the peninsula was occupied by the Crusaders.

The site is now known as Bal-Kiz and entirely uninhabited, though under cultivation. The principal extant ruins are the walls, which are traceable for nearly their whole extent, a picturesque amphitheatre intersected by a stream, and the substructures of the temple of Hadrian. Of this magnificent building, sometimes ranked among the seven wonders of the ancient world, thirty-one immense columns still stood erect in 1444. These have since been carried away piecemeal for building purposes.

RIC VII Cyzicus 110 R5

Ex-Varangian

ecoli
pergamon_bull_and_owl.jpg
AE 17.3; Athena/ ΠΕΡΓΑ Head of bull l.; behind, owl17 viewsPergamum, Mysia, c. 310 - 284 B.C. AE 5.19g, 17.3mm. Head of Athena l. /
ΠΕΡΓΑ Head of bull l.; behind, owl. BMC 111, 20. Ex Gerhard Rohde
Podiceps
93733q00.jpg
AE 18 Pergamum, Mysia, bronze4 views Bronze AE 18, RPC I 2374; SNG BnF 1964; BMC Mysia p. 134, 205; SGICV 4910; SNG Cop -, F, dark green patina, reverse off center, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, weight 4.116g, maximum diameter 18.3mm, die axis 0o, c. 40 - 60 A.D.; obverse Θ EON CYN-KΛHTON, draped bust of the Senate right; reverse ΘEAN PWMHN, turreted and draped bust of Roma rightNORMAN K
pergamon_owl_cm.jpg
AE 19.2; Asklepios/ Serpent around omphalos; countermark: owl34 viewsPergamum, Mysia, 133 B.C. Augustus. AE 19.2mm, 4.85g. Head of Asklepios laureate r. / ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ Serpent around omphalos; countermark, owl. BMC 129, 161. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
pergamon_snake___owl.jpg
AE 19.8; Asklepios/ Serpent around omphalos; owl on left41 viewsPergamum, Mysia. 133 B.C. Augustus. AE 19.8mm, 9.09g; Head of Asklepios laureate r. ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ Serpent around omphalos; on l., owl. BMC 129, 160. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
IMG_4487-horz.jpg
Ae Pergamon with countermark Owl on the amphora22 viewsAe, Pergamon,
Obv: head of Zeus right
Rev: [ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ ΣΩ]ΤΗΡΟΣ, serpent, countermark of Koinon (Galatia): Owl on the amphora
Diameter: 19mm
Weight: 9,15g
3 commentsTomasz P
pergamon_Herakles_Athena.jpg
AE10; Head of young Herakles/ “ΠΕΡ”, head of Athena13 viewsPergamon, Mysia, c. 300 B.C. Bronze AE 10, SGCV II 3958, BMC Mysia p. 112, 22, VF, Pergamon mint, 0.834g, 9.8mm, 0o, c. 300 B.C.; obverse head of young Herakles right wearing lion's head; reverse ΠΕΡ, head of Athena right in crested helmet. Ex FORVMPodiceps
pergamon_cm_bulls.jpg
AE17.9mm, helmeted head of Athena left, cm/ two confronted bull heads8 viewsPergamon, Mysia, c. 300 - 284 B.C. Bronze AE 17, SGCV II 3956, F, Pergamon mint, 3.820g, 17.9mm, 270o, obverse helmeted head of Athena left, wreathed with olive, round countermark in center; reverse, two confronted bull heads, PERG below; nice sea-green patina. Ex FORVMPodiceps
pergamon_cm.jpg
AE20; Asklepios/ snake, oval countermark24 viewsPergamon, Mysia, c. 133 - 16 B.C. Bronze AE 20, BMC Mysia p. 129, 158, F, Pergamon mint, 6.618g, 19.7mm, 0o, c. 133 - 16 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Asklepios right; reverse ASKLHPIOU / SWTHROS, snake coiled around omphalos, oval countermark. ex FORVMPodiceps
pergamon_nike.jpg
AE20; Head of Athena/ Nike11 viewsPergamon, Mysia, c. 133 - 16 B.C. Bronze AE 20, BMC Mysia p. 128, 142, VF, scratches, Pergamon mint, 9.340g, 19.9mm, 0o, c. 133 - 16 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena? right, ΕΠΙΠΕΡΓΑΜΟΥ below; reverse ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ, Nike standing right, wreath in right, palm frond over shoulder in left. Ex FORVMPodiceps
pergamon_snake.jpg
AE22; Zeus/ serpent coiled around omphalos28 viewsPergamum, Mysia, ca 2nd Century BC. 22mm. 7.21 g. Obv: Laureate head of Zeus right / Rev: ASKLHPIOU SWTHROS, serpent coiled around omphalos. SNGvA 1372, BMC 158. Podiceps
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AEOLIS, Aigai 50 viewsAigai is an ancient Greek site in Turkey, situated at a rather high altitude almost on top of the Mount Gn (Dağı), part of the mountain chain of Yunt (Dağları) in western Anatolia in the location of the present village of Yuntdağı Kseler, depending Manisa central district, although the easier road to the site departs from İzmir's Aliağa district center, though the bifurcation for Şakran township. Aigai lived its brightest period under the Attalid dynasty that ruled from nearby Pergamon in the 3rd century and 2nd century B.C.

Aeolis (Ancient Greek Αιολίς Aiols) or Aeolia (IPA [iːˈoʊlɪə]) (Ancient Greek Αιολία Aiola) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east. In early times, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league: Cyme (also called Phriconis), Larissae, Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notium, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegeaeae, Myrina, Gryneia, and Smyrna (Herodotus, 1.149).

According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aiolos, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.

AEOLIS, Aigai. Circa 3rd Century BC. Laureate head of Apollo right / Head of goat right. SNG Copenhagen 4

Ebay
ecoli
elaia_commodus_SNGcop199.jpg
Aiolis, Elaia, Commodus, SNG Copenhagen 19919 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 21, 2.46g
obv. AV KAI - KOMMODO
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. ELAIT - WN
Bust of Crispina as Demeter or Persephone, drsped and diademed, r., holding in l. hand poppy and 2
grain-ears
ref. SNG Copenhagen 199; SNG von Aulock 1641; SNG Mnchen 431; SNG Leypold 515; BMC Aiolis p.131, 47
about VF, nice green patina, elegant depiction
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

Elaia was the harbour of Pergamon.
Jochen
ATG_bust_Pergamon.jpg
Alexander III The Great, Macedonian Kingdom, 336 - 323 B.C.143 viewsAlexandros III Philippou Makedonon (356-323 BC), better known as Alexander the Great, single-handedly changed the entire nature of the ancient world in little more than ten years.

"Born in the northern Greek kingdom of Macedonia in 356 BC, to Philip II and his formidable wife Olympias, Alexander was educated by the philosopher Aristotle. Following his father's assassination in 336 BC, he inherited a powerful yet volatile kingdom, which he had to secure - along with the rest of the Greek city states - before he could set out to conquer the massive Persian Empire, in revenge for Persia's earlier attempts to conquer Greece.
Against overwhelming odds, he led his army to victories across the Persian territories of Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt without incurring a single defeat. With his greatest victory at the Battle of Gaugamela, in what is now northern Iraq, in 331 BC, the young king of Macedonia, leader of the Greeks, Overlord of Asia Minor and Pharaoh of Egypt also became Great King of Persia at the age of 25.

Over the next eight years, in his capacity as king, commander, politician, scholar and explorer, Alexander led his army a further 11,000 miles, founding over 70 cities and creating an empire that stretched across three continents and covered some two million square miles.

The entire area from Greece in the west, north to the Danube, south into Egypt and as far east as the Indian Punjab, was linked together in a vast international network of trade and commerce. This was united by a common Greek language and culture, whilst the king himself adopted foreign customs in order to rule his millions of ethnically diverse subjects.

Primarily a soldier, Alexander was an acknowledged military genius who always led by example, although his belief in his own indestructibility meant he was often reckless with his own life and that of those he expected to follow him. The fact that his army only refused to do so once, in the13 years of a reign during which there was constant fighting, indicates the loyalty he inspired.

Following his death in 323 BC at the age of only 32, his empire was torn apart in the power struggles of his successors. Yet Alexander's mythical status rapidly reached epic proportions and inspired individuals as diverse as Julius Caesar, Cleopatra, Louis XIV and Napoleon.

He continues to be portrayed according to the bias of those interpreting his achievements. He is either Alexander the Great or Iskander the Accursed, chivalrous knight or bloody monster, benign multi-culturalist or racist imperialist - but above all he is fully deserving of his description as 'the most significant secular individual in history'."

By Dr Joann Fletcher (http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/alexander_the_great.shtml)
Cleisthenes
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Apollo (head of?)237 viewsMysia, Pergamon, 200-133 B.C. AE-17/20 mm, 8.12 grs. AV: Head of Athena in corinthian helmet to right. Circular CM: Head of Apollo (?) in a laurel-wreath. RV: AQHNAS / NIKHFOROU, Tropaion. Collection: Mueller.Automan
G_283_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Apollo, bulls heads, club 14 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE8, 420-400 BC
Early small bronze coin. This is among the first bronze coins of Pergamon.
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right
Rev.: Confronted bulls heads; club above, ΠΕΡΓA below.
AE, 0.73g, 8mm
Ref.: BMC Mysia, Pergamon 3
shanxi
Pergamon_52.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Apollo, bulls heads, pine cone14 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE10, 420-400 BC
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right
Rev.: Confronted bulls heads; Pine cone above, ΠΕΡΓA below.
AE, 0.81g, 9.5mm
Ref.: ?
shanxi
G_295_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Apollo, bulls heads, torch8 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE9, 420-400 BC
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right
Rev.: Confronted bulls heads; Torch above, ΠΕΡΓA below.
AE, 0.64g, 9mm
Ref.: ?
shanxi
G_273_Pergamon.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Apollo, Calf's head 9 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AR Obol (ca. 420 BC).
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right.
Rev.: Calf's head right, eye to left, ΠΕΡΓ to right, all within incuse square
Ag, 0.5g, 5mm
Ref.: SNG France 1555-1556
shanxi
Pergamon_25~0.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Apollo, Satrap20 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AR Diobol (ca. 450 BC).
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right.
Rev.: ΠΕΡΓ, Bearded head of satrap right, wearing Persian tiara, within incuse square.
Ag, 1.66g, 12mm
Ref.: BMC Myisa 1 var., SNG France 1546-8, SNG von Aulock 1347
shanxi
G_374_Pergamon_b.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Apollo, Satrap, Crescent8 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AR Diobol (ca. 450 BC).
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right.
Rev.: ΠΕΡΓ, Bearded head of satrap right, wearing Persian tiara, crescent above, all within incuse square.
Ag, 1.53g, 10mm
Ref.: BMC Myisa 1
shanxi
Pergamon_28.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Asklepios, Eagle18 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE20, Early-mid 2nd century BC
Obv.: Head of Asklepios right
Rev.: Π-EΡ-Γ-A / MHNΩN. Eagle standing left, head right, on thunderbolt..
AE, 6.97g, 19.3x20.5mm
Ref.: SNG Copenhagen 379, SNG BN 18701
shanxi
Pergamon_55.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Asklepios, Eagle, Demetrios magistrate 24 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE21
Demetrios, magistrate.
Obv.: ΔHMHTΡIOΥ, Head of Asklepios right
Rev.: Π-EΡ-Γ-A / MHNΩN. Eagle standing left, head right, on thunderbolt..
AE, 7.95g, 21mm
Ref.: SNG v. Aulock 1380
shanxi
Pergamon_31.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Asklepios, Eagle, Seleukos magistrate22 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE24, Circa 200-133 BC
Seleukos, magistrate.
Obv.: ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ, Head of Asklepios right
Rev.: Π-EΡ-Γ-A / MHNΩN. Eagle standing left, head right, on thunderbolt..
AE, 8.04g, 24.4mm
Ref.: SNG von Aulock 7491; SNG Copenhagen 378.
shanxi
Pergamon_43.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Asklepios, Serpent-entwined staff10 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE17, Circa 133-27 BC
Obv.: Head of Asklepios right
Rev.: AΣKΛHΠ / ΣΩTHP, Serpent-entwined staff.
AE, 3.50g, 17mm
Ref.: SNG France 1828-48, SNG Copenhagen 370-6, BMC 154-7.
shanxi
Pergamon_50.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Asklepios, snake, Omphalos 14 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE 21, 200-133 BC
Obv.: laureate head of bearded Asklepios
Rev.: ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ, snake coiled around omphalos, without monogram
AE, 8.20g, 21mm
Ref.: SNG von Aulock 1372, SNG BN 1806, SNG France 51807 (25 ex.)
shanxi
G_354_Pergamon.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Asklepios, snake, omphalos, c/m owl21 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE 21, 200-133 BC
Obv.: laureate head of bearded Asklepios
Rev.: ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ, snake coiled around omphalos, without monogram, countermark owl

AE, 10.6g, 20.5mm
Ref.: SNG France 1815 (with countermark)
1 commentsshanxi
Pergamon_06.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Asklepios, snake, Omphalos, monogram and X31 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE 20, 200-133 BC
Obv.: laureate head of bearded Asklepios
Rev.: ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ, snake coiled around omphalos, X and monogram
AE, 6.38g, 19.9mm
Ref.: SNG France 1803 var (monogram)
shanxi
Pergamon_59.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Asklepios, snake, Omphalos, monogram below22 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE 20, 200-133 BC
Obv.: laureate head of bearded Asklepios
Rev.: ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ, snake coiled around omphalos, monogram below,left
AE, 6.37g, 21mm
Ref.:
1 commentsshanxi
G_312_Pergamon.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Asklepios, snake, Omphalos, owl10 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE 17
Obv.: laureate head of bearded Asklepios
Rev.: AΣKΛHΠIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around omphalos, owl standing on the snake's back
AE, 8.66g, 17.3mm
Ref.: BMC Mysia p. 129, 160; SNGvA 1371; SNG BnF 1813; SNG Cop -
Ex Forvm Ancient Coins
shanxi
G_357_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, Asklepios9 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE16, 282 - 263 B.C.
Obv: Helmeted bust of Athena left.
Rev: ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ, Asklepios standing facing, head left, leaning upon serpent-entwined staff.
AE, 23mm, 9.89g
Ref.:BMC Mysia p. 127, 133-134
shanxi
Pergamon_05.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, bull heads30 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE17, 310-282 BC
Obv.: Helmeted and laureate head of Athena left
Rev.: ΠΕΡΓΑ, Confronted bull heads.
AE, 4.01g, 16.8mm
Ref.: SNG France 1577 ff.
Ex Pecunem 20, Lot 212
1 commentsshanxi
Pergamon_07.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, bull heads23 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE17, 310-282 BC
Obv.: Helmeted and laureate head of Athena left
Rev.: ΠΕΡΓΑ, Confronted bull heads.
AE, 4.83g, 16.6mm
Ref.: SNG France 1577 ff.
shanxi
Pergamon_57.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, bull heads, A above10 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE10
Obv.: Helmeted head of Athena right
Rev.: ΠΕΡΓA, Confronted bull heads, letter A above
AE, 0.85g, 10mm
Ref.: SNG Copenhagen volume 19 #329
shanxi
Pergamon_25.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, bull heads, bee12 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE18
Obv.: Helmeted and laureate head of Athena left
Rev.: ΠΕΡΓ, Confronted bull heads, bee above
AE, 3.39 g, 18 mm
Ref.: BMC 16 var., Weber 5162
shanxi
Pergamon_21.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, bull heads, ivy leave19 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE10
310-284 BC
Obv.: Helmeted and laureate head of Athena left
Rev.: ΠΕΡΓ, Confronted bull heads, ivy leave above
AE, 0.98g, 10mm
Ref.: BMC Mysia p. 111, #16
Ex Gitbud&Naumann
shanxi
G_381_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, bull heads, thunderbolt above2 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE15
310-284 BC
Obv.: Helmeted and laureate head of Athena left
Rev.: ΠΕΡΓ, Confronted bull heads, thunderbolt above
AE, 15mm, 4.59g
Ref.: BMC Mysia p. 111, #15 var., SNG France 1586
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G_321_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, bull, A11 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE16, 3rd 310-283 BC
Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev: ΠΕΡΓA, Head and neck of bull right, A left
AE, 4.04g, 16mm
BMC Mysia p.112, 18
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Pergamon_49.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, bull, owl 9 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE18, 3rd century BC
Obv: Helmeted head of Athena left.
Rev: ΠΕΡΓA, Head and neck of bull left, owl right, without monogram
AE, 4.23g, 17mm
SNG von Aulock 1352; SNG Paris 1574
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Pergamon_35.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, bull, owl15 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE18, 3rd century BC
Obv: Helmeted head of Athena left. (countermark on helmet)
Rev: ΠΕΡΓA, Head and neck of bull left, owl right, monogram above
AE, 4.48g, 17x18mm
SNG Copenhagen 333; SNG France 1575, BMC Mysia p.112, 20-21
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G_355_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, bull, thunderbolt10 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE15, Circa 270-225 BC
Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right
Rev: ΠΕΡΓA, Bulls head right; thunderbolt below.
AE, 3.06g, 15mm
Ref.: Westermark, Bronze 5; SNG France 1568-9; SNG Copenhagen -, BMC Mysia p.112, 17
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Pergamon_29.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, Herakles14 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE10, c. 300 B.C.
Obv.: Helmeted head of Athena right, ΠΕΡΓ below
Rev.: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
AE, 0.86g, 10mm
Ref.: BMC Mysia p. 112, 22
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Pergamon_14.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, Hercules8 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE9, c. 300 B.C.
Obv.: Helmeted head of Athena right, ΠΕΡΓ right
Rev.: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
AE, 1.04g, 9.3mm
Ref.: BMC Mysia p. 112, 22 var.
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Pergamon_37.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, Ivy leaf15 viewsMysia, Pergamon
KINGS of PERGAMON. Philetairos
AE11, 282-263 BC
Obv.: Helmeted head of Athena right
Rev.: ΦIΛE/TAIΡOΥ, Ivy leaf
AE, 11mm, 1.5g
Ref.: SNG France 1676-7 and 1679-81
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G_377_Pergamon.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, Ivy leaf4 viewsMysia, Pergamon
KINGS of PERGAMON. Philetairos
AE13, 282-263 BC
Obv.: Helmeted head of Athena right
Rev.: ΦIΛE/TAIΡOΥ, Ivy leaf, two triangles above left and right
, 13.3mm, 1.93g
Ref.: SNG BnF 1676-7 and 1679-81
Ex Forum Ancient Coins Shop
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Pergamon_1.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, Stars22 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE9, 310-284 BC
Obv.: Helmeted head of Athena right, countermark "x"?
Rev.: ΠΕΡΓ, Two stars, Θ above
AE, 1.11 g, 9.4 mm
Ref.: SNG Cop. 325
Ex Lanz Numismatik
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G_362_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, Telesphoros12 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE17, AD 147-161
Magistrate: I. Pol(l)ion (strategos for the second time, asiarch and neokoros)
Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev: ΕΠΙ ϹΤΡΑ Ι ΠΩΛΛΙΩ ΤΟ Β, Telesphorus standing, facing
AE, 3.30g, 17mm
Ref.: RPC IV.2, 3297 (temporary), SNG Copenhagen volume 19 #452
1 commentsshanxi
Pergamon_41.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, trophy (small), without monogram 11 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE18, 2nd Century B.C.
Obv: helmeted head of Athena right
Rev.: AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOΡOΥ, trophy of arms
AE, 7.76g, 18mm
Ref.: SNG France 1875
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G_296_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, trophy, ΘA monogram7 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE16, c. 300 B.C.
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing three-crested Corinthian helmet with cheek-pieces lifted up
Rev.: ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ, trophy of arms, ΘA monogram to left.
AE, 5.46g, 16mm
Ref.: SNG France 1885; Tuebingen 2429
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Pergamon_11.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, trophy, ΠΕΡΓ monogram21 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE18, 2nd Century B.C.
Obv: helmeted head of Athena right
Rev.: AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOΡOΥ, trophy of arms, ΠΕΡΓ monogram right
AE, 6.48g, 17.6mm
Ref.: SNG Von Aulock 1374, SNG Cop 396, SNG France 1875
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Pergamon_27.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, trophy, OΔ monogram13 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE18, c. 300 B.C.
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing three-crested Corinthian helmet with cheek-pieces lifted up
Rev.: ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ, trophy of arms, OΔ monogram to left.
AE, 6.31g, 17.7mm
Ref.: SNG France 1893
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Pergamon_04.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Attalos I 26 viewsKings of Pergamon
Attalos I, 241-197 BC
AR Tetradrachm
Obv.: Laureate head of Philetairos right.
Rev.: ΦIΛETAIPOY, Athena seated left, holding spear, left elbow on shield, wreath held in right hand; in right field, bow; in left, bunch of grapes, between monogram A
Ag, 16.96g, 27.6mm
Ref.: Westermark, Ph. 62, Gruppe IV:B, Winterthur 2617
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Pergamon_16.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Boar, Symbol, Triskleles, Apollo?30 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE9, c. 300 BC
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo? right
Rev.: ΠΕΡΓ, boars head right, symbol above, triskeles below
AE, 0.92g, 9.2mm
Ref.: ???
1 commentsshanxi
Pergamon_40.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, boukranion, owl13 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE21, 2nd-1st centuries BC
Obv: Facing boukranion; star above.
Rev: ΞOATIΣ, Owl standing right on palm, head left, wings spread; monogram to left.
AE, 8.70g, 21mm
Ref.: SNG Tbingen 2442
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Pergamon_19.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, cista mystica, serpents 37 viewsMysia, Pergamon
Cistophoric Tetradrachm, c. 85-76 BC
Obv.: Serpent emerging from cista mystica with raised lid, all within ivy wreath with fruits.
Rev.: Bow case between two coiled serpents; to left, monogram of Pergamon; above, AΠ, monogram and star; to right, thyrsos.
Ag, 28.46mm, 12g
Ref.: SNG Paris 1726. SNG von Aulock 1369
1 commentsshanxi
G_359_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, cista mystica, serpents, ΔI, thyrsos 9 viewsMysia, Pergamon
Cistophoric Tetradrachm
Obv.: Serpent emerging from cista mystica with raised lid, all within ivy wreath with fruits.
Rev.: Two snakes coiled around a bow case; between the snake heads, ΔI; to left, monogram of ΠΕΡΓ; to right, thyrsos entwined by a serpent.
Ag, 28mm, 12.54g, 1h
Ref.: Kleiner 12, SNG Paris 1734.
Ex Leu Numismatik, Webauktion 8, Lot 317
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G_271_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, cista mystica, serpents, club with lions skin9 viewsMysia, Pergamon
Cistophoric Tetradrachm
Obv.: Serpent emerging from cista mystica with raised lid, all within ivy wreath with fruits.
Rev.: Bow case between two coiled serpents; to left, monogram of Pergamon; MH above; to right; serpent-entwined club with lions skin to right.
Ag, 28mm, 12.57g
Ref.: Kleiner-Noe, Series 31b, 102-5
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G_269_Pergamon_fac~0.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, cista mystica, serpents, helmet6 viewsMysia, Pergamon
Cistophoric Tetradrachm
Obv.: Serpent emerging from cista mystica with raised lid, all within ivy wreath with fruits.
Rev.: Bow case between two coiled serpents; to left, monogram of Pergamon; to right, Macedonian helmet facing
Ag, 29.5mm, 12.70g
Ref.:
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G_270_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, cista mystica, serpents, NI11 viewsMysia, Pergamon
Cistophoric Tetradrachm
Obv.: Serpent emerging from cista mystica with raised lid, all within ivy wreath with fruits.
Rev.: Bow case between two coiled serpents; to left, monogram of Pergamon; to right, NI
Ag, 29mm, 12.26g
Ref.: SNG France 1709
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G_360_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, cista mystica, serpents, Nike10 viewsMysia, Pergamon
Cistophoric Tetradrachm
Obv.: Serpent emerging from cista mystica with raised lid, all within ivy wreath with fruits.
Rev.: Bowcase between two serpents; civic monogram to left. Control: To right, Nike flying left, holding wreath.
Ag, 28mm, 12.38g
Ref.: SNG Copenhagen 403
Ex Numismatik Naumann, Auktion 78, Lot 191
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Pergamon_45.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Herakles, Athena11 viewsMysia, Pergamon
Diobol, 330-284 BC
Obv.: head of Herakles right, clad in lion's skin
Rev.: ΠEΡΓAM, cult statue of Athena standing facing, holding spear and shield
Ag, 1.27g, 11mm
Ref.: SNG Paris 1558
Ex Solidus Numsimatik, auction11, Lot 100
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Pergamon_10.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Herakles, Athena / mirrored reverse18 viewsMysia, Pergamon
Diobol, 330-284 BC
Obv.: head of Herakles right, clad in lion's skin
Rev.: mirrored !! - ΠEΡΓAM, cult statue of Athena standing facing, holding spear and shield
Ag, 1.23g, 11mm
Ref.: ---
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G_322_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Hermes, kerykeion.9 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE17
Obv.: Draped bust of Hermes to right; wing on head.
Rev.: ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ; winged kerykeion.
AE, 17mm, 2.70g
Ref.: unpublished type
(Same obverse (die match) as H. v. Fritze. - Berlin, 1910, pl. III, 26, but with kerykeion instead of tree/serpent on the reverse)
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Pergamon_51.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Hygieia , Snake, Omphalos28 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE15, ca 133-27 BC
Obv.: ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΑΔΟΥ, draped bust of Hygieia right
Rev.: ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ ΚΑΙ ΥΓΕΙΑΣ, snake coiled around omphalos
AE, 3.21g, 15mm
Ref.: SNG France 1938-1940; BMC 163; SNG Cop. 380
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Pergamon_03.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Nike, Athena31 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE18, 200-133 BC
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet with star
Rev.: ΠEΡΓAM Nike standing right, holding wreath and palm
AE, 17X18.4mm, 5.85g
Ref.: SNG Cop 359
Ex Gitbud&Naumann
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Pergamon_42.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Nike, Athena, Choreios magistrate 27 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE21, Circa 133-27 BC
Choreios, magistrate
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing crested helmet; XOPEIOY (magistrate) below
Rev.: ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ, Nike standing right, holding wreath and palm.
AE, 7.11g, 21mm
Ref.: SNG France 1800-2
2 commentsshanxi
Pergamon_34.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Nike, Athena, Diodoros magistrate12 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE19, Circa 2nd - 1st Century BC
Diodoros, magistrate
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing crested helmet; ΔIOΔΩΡOΥ (magistrate) below
Rev.: ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ, Nike standing right, holding wreath and palm.
AE, 7.66g, 18.8mm
Ref.: SNG von Aulock 1378; SNG Copenhagen 364
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FAC_G_378_Pergamon.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Nike, Athena, Pergamos magistrate3 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE20, Mid-late 2nd century BC
Pergamos, magistrate
Obv.: EΠI ΠEPΓAMOY Head of Athena to right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with a star on the bowl.
Rev.: ΠEPΓAMHNΩN Nike standing right, holding wreath in her right hand and palm frond over her left shoulder.
AE, 5.45g, 20mm, 1h
Ref.: SNG Paris 1790-1793
Ex Leu Numismatik, Web Auction 8: Lot 315
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Pergamon_24.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl with closed wings, Athena15 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE12
Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev: ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ, Owl standing slightly right
AE, 0.85g, 11.7mm
Ref.: SNG Copenhagen 381-2, var (size, no wreath)
Ex Bankhaus Aufhuser 1988
Ex Dr. P. Vogl collection
Ex Pecunem Gitbud&Naumann Auction 42, Lot 195
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Pergamon_26.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl with closed wings, Athena, 30 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE18
Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right, countermark griffin
Rev: ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΑΡΕΙΑΣ, Owl standing slightly right, all within ring of lines and dots
AE, 5.45g, 18.3mm
Ref.: SNG von Aulock 7488
Ex Gitbud&Naumann 2015
1 commentsshanxi
G_305_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl with closed wings, wreath, Athena5 viewsMysia, Pergamon
Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right, decorated with 8-pointed star
Rev: ΑΘΗΝΑΣ, ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ, ethnic vertically downward to right and left of owl standing facing 3/4 to right; all within laurel-wreath.
, 12.7mm, 1.50g
Ref.: SNG Copenhagen 381-2; BMC 185-6.
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Pergamon_02.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl, Athena35 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE18, 200-30 BC
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet with star
Rev.: AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOPOY, owl with closed wings on thunderbolt
AE, 18mm, 3.29g
Ref.: SGCV II 3964
Ex Gitbud&Naumann
1 commentsshanxi
Pergamon_15.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl, Athena22 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE, 200-133 BC
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet with star
Rev.: little Owl with spread wings standing on palm, ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ above and below, without monogram
AE, 3.70g, 18.6mm
Ref.: SNG France 1920-4
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Pergamon_09.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl, Athena, Π Δ monogram37 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE17, 200-133 BC
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet with star
Rev.: Owl with spread wings standing on palm, ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ above and below, monograms Π Δ below
AE, 2.51g, 17.3mm
Ref.: BMC 133, 201
1 commentsshanxi
Pergamon_44.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl, Athena, ΓA HM monograms 21 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE18, 200-133 BC
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet with star
Rev.: Owl with spread wings standing on palm, ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ above and below, ΓA HM monograms
AE, 3.28g, 16mm
Ref.:
2 commentsshanxi
Pergamon_46.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl, Athena, ΓA MA monograms 12 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE18, 200-133 BC
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet with star
Rev.: Owl with spread wings standing on palm, ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ above and below, ΓA MA? monograms
AE, 3.28g, 15.4mm
Ref.:
Ex Forvm Ancient Coins Shop
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Pergamon_38.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl, Athena, ΣAΣ A[P] monograms 12 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE17, 200-133 BC
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet with star
Rev.: Owl with spread wings standing on palm, ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ above and below, monograms ΣAΣ A[P] left and right
(the first Σ in the monogram area might be the last letter of ΑΘΗΝΑΣ)
AE, 3.01g, 16.5mm
Ref.:
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G_356_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl, Athena, A Π monogram17 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE17, 200-133 BC
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet with star
Rev.: Owl with spread wings standing on palm, ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ above and below, monograms A Π below
AE, 3.93g, 18mm
Ref.:
1 commentsshanxi
Pergamon_24~0.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl, Athena, A PA monograms22 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE16-17, 200-133 BC
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet with star
Rev.: Owl with spread wings standing on palm, ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ above and below, monograms A PA left and right
AE, 2.48g, 16.4mm
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G_317_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl, Athena, AP MH monograms8 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE16, 200-133 BC
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet with star
Rev.: Owl with spread wings standing on palm, ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ above and below, AP MH monograms left and right
AE, 3.26g, 16mm
Ref.: BMC 202
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G_282_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl, Athena, club, Γ 19 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE15, 200-133 BC
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet with star
Rev.: Owl with spread wings standing on palm, ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ above and below, club and large Γ left and right
AE, 2.67g, 15mm
Ref.:
1 commentsshanxi
G_349_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl, Athena, club, B8 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE16, 200-133 BC
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet with star
Rev.: Owl with spread wings standing on palm, ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ above and below, club and B left and right
AE, 2.58g, 16mm
Ref.: SNG France, 5. Mysie Paris, 2001, n 1929
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Pergamon_20.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl, Athena, K Σ monogram27 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE18, 200-133 BC
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet with star
Rev.: little Owl with spread wings standing on palm, ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ above and below, K Σ monogram
AE, 2,99g, 17.6mm
Ref.: BMC 133,197; SNG France 1920-2
1 commentsshanxi
G_315_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl, Athena, MΦ ΓA monograms10 viewsAsia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl, Athena, MΦ ΓA monograms
Mysia, Pergamon
AE17, 200-133 BC
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet with star
Rev.: Owl with spread wings standing on palm, ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ above and below, monograms MΦ / ΓA below
AE, 3.25g, 16mm
Ref.: BMC p.133, 204
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Pergamon_12.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl, Athena, MH monogram27 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE17, 200-133 BC
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet with star
Rev.: Owl with spread wings standing on palm, ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ above and below, MH monogram left
AE, 2.55g, 16.2mm
1 commentsshanxi
Pergamon_33.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl, Athena, TK ΠΛ monograms16 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE17, 200-133 BC
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet with star
Rev.: Owl with spread wings standing on palm, ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ above and below, monograms TK ΠΛ left and right
AE, 2.83g, 16.7mm
Ref.: SNG France 1913
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Pergamon_08.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Apollo, Tripod17 viewsKings of Pergamon
ca. 200-130 BC
AE 11
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right
Rev.: ΦΙΛΕ / TAIPOY, Tripod
AE, 1.33g, 11.6x10.8mm
Ref.: SNG France 1688-90, SNG Cop 354, BMC 120.33, SNG von Aulock 7456
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Pergamon_23.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Athena, Asklepios 24 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE16, 282 - 263 B.C.
Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos
Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev: ΦΙΛΕΤΑΙΡΟΥ, Asklepios seated left, feeding snake out of patera.
AE, 3.01g, 15.7mm
Ref.: SNG France 1643-9; SNG von Aulock 1363.
Ex Bankhaus Aufhuser 1989
Ex Dr. P. Vogl collection
Ex Pecunem Gitbud&Naumann Auction 42, Lot 194

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Pergamon_60.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Athena, Asklepios, monogram, Δ11 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE16, 282 - 263 B.C.
Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos
Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev: ΦΙΛΕΤΑΙΡΟΥ, Asklepios seated left, feeding snake out of patera, monogram left above and Δ below patera
AE, 4.24g, 18mm
Ref.:
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Pergamon_17.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Athena, bow18 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE12, after 282 B.C.
Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos
Obv.: head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with a griffin
Rev.: ΦIΛE/TAIΡOΥ, bow
AE, 12.3mm, 1.75g
Ref.: BMC Mysia p. 119, 54; SGCV II 7233
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G_280_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Athena, bow, arrowhead5 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE12, after 282 B.C.
Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos
Obv.: head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with a griffin
Rev.: ΦIΛE/TAIΡOΥ, bow, arrowhead within
AE, 13mm, 2.06g
Ref.:
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G_267_Pergamon.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Athena, bow, barley grains10 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE13, 282 - 133 B.C.
Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos
Obv.: head of Athena right, wearing helmet
Rev.: ΦIΛE/TAIΡOΥ, bow, two barley grains left
AE, 2.06 g, 13 mm
Ref.:
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Pergamon_58.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Athena, bow, circle below15 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE14, 281 - 197 B.C.
Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos
Obv.: head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with a griffin
Rev.: ΦIΛE/TAIΡOΥ, bow, circle below
AE, 14mm, 1.93g
Ref.: BMC Mysia, p.119, 59
shanxi
G_297_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Athena, bow, crescent7 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE12, 282 - 133 B.C.
Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos
Obv.: head of Athena right, wearing helmet
Rev.: ΦIΛE/TAIΡOΥ, bow, crescent right (below the E of ΦIΛE)
AE, 2.20 g, 12 mm
Ref.:
shanxi
Pergamon_47.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Athena, bow, ivy leaf13 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE12, after 282 B.C.
Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos
Obv.: head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with a griffin
Rev.: ΦIΛE/TAIΡOΥ, bow, ivy leaf right
AE, 12mm, 1.83g
Ref.:
shanxi
Pergamon_30.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Athena, bow, monogram within15 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE12, 282 - 133 B.C.
Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos
Obv.: head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with a griffin
Rev.: ΦIΛE/TAIΡOΥ, bow, tiny monogram within
AE, 11.8mm, 1.65g
Ref.: SNG Cop 349; BMC Mysia p. 119, 58
shanxi
Pergamon_53.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Athena, bow, palm branch12 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE13, after 282 B.C.
Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos
Obv.: head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with a griffin
Rev.: ΦIΛE/TAIΡOΥ, bow, palm branch below
AE, 13mm, 2.07g
Ref.: SNG STOCKHOLM 2087?
shanxi
Pergamon_36.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Athena, bow, star in upper right field14 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE13, 282 - 133 B.C.
Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos
Obv.: head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with a griffin
Rev.: ΦIΛE/TAIΡOΥ, bow, star in upper right field
AE, 13mm, 1.84g
Ref.: SNG von Aulock 1365
shanxi
Pergamon_54.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Athena, serpent, ΔTP monogram 20 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE15, 282 - 263 B.C.
Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with a griffin
Rev.: [Φ]IΛETAI[ΡOΥ], Serpent coiled right, ΔTP monogram to left.
AE, 15mm
Ref.:
1 commentsshanxi
Pergamon_22.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Athena, serpent, HP monogram15 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE15, 282 - 263 B.C.
Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with a griffin
Rev.: [ΦI]ΛETA[IΡOΥ], Serpent coiled right, HP monogram to left.
AE, 14.6mm, 2.49g
Ref.: SNG France 1650 var.
shanxi
G_284_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Athena, serpent, PΠY (?) monogram9 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE15, 282 - 263 B.C.
Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with a griffin
Rev.: [Φ]IΛETAIΡ[OΥ], Serpent coiled right, PΠY (?) monogram to left.
AE, 14mm, 3.56g
Ref.:
shanxi
G_277_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Athena, thyrsos, Δ 5 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE14, 282 - 133 BC
Obv.: head of Athena right in crested helmet
Rev.: filleted thyrsos, "Δ" monogram on left below fillet, ΦIΛETAIΡ[OΥ] downward on right
AE, 3.93g, 14.0mm
Ref.:
shanxi
Pergamon_39.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Athena, thyrsos, Δ AM monograms15 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE14, 282 - 133 BC
Obv.: head of Athena right in crested helmet
Rev.: filleted thyrsos, "Δ" monogram on left above fillet, "AM" monogram on left below fillet, ΦIΛETAIΡ[OΥ] downward on right
AE, 3.61g, 14.0mm
Ref.: BMC Mysia p. 121, 70 var. (monogram)
Ex FORVM Ancient Coins Shop
shanxi
Pergamon_56.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, star13 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE9
Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing helmet
Rev.: [Φ]IΛE-TAIΡOΥ, star
AE, 9mm, 0.75g
Ref.: BMC Mysia 63
shanxi
R665_Antoninus_Pius_pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, RPC, Pergamon, Antoninus Pius, Serapis 6 viewsAntoninus Pius
Pergamon, Mysia
Magistrate Quartos (strategos for the second time)
AE 21, c. AD 144-158
Obv.: ΑV ΤΙ ΑΙ ΑΔΡ ΑΝΤΩΝƐΙΝΟС, laureate head of Antoninus Pius, r.
Rev.: ƐΠΙ СΤΡ ΚοVΑΡΤοV ΤΟ Β ΠƐΡΓΑ, Serapis seated left, extending arm over Cerberus, holding long sceptre
AE, 7.23g, 21mm
Ref.: RPC IV 3195, Weisser 610, BMC 281, Cop 484
shanxi
Augustus_02.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, RPC, Pergamon, Augustus23 viewsAugustus
Pergamon, Mysia, AD 1
Ae 21
Obv.: CEBACTON KE ΦA, Statue of Augustus, standing facing and holding scepter, within distyle temple.
Rev.: ΠEPΓAMHNΩN KAI CAPΔIANΩN, Demos of Pergamon crowning Demos of Sardeis.
AE, 5.46g, 20.8x22.2mm
Ref.: RPC 2362, SNG Copenhagen 519.
ex Knker auction 83, lot 707
shanxi
Augustus_03.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, RPC, Pergamon, Augustus, Basin13 viewsAugustus
Pergamon, Mysia
Ae 20
Obv: [ΣEBAΣTOI] KAIΣAΡI BOYΛAIΩI, Bare head right.
Rev: A ΦOΥ[ΡIOΣ IEΡEΥΣ ΓΥMN]AΣIAΡΧΩN ΠEΡΓAMHNΩN, Basin.
AE, 3.97g, 19.9mm
Ref.: RPC I 2360
Ex Pecunem Gitbud&Naumann auction 31, Lot 349
shanxi
R649_Augustus_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, RPC, Pergamon, Augustus, RPC I 23559 viewsAugustus
Pergamon, Mysia, 27 BC-AD 14
Ae 18
Obv.: ΠЄPΓAMHNOI CЄBACTON, Laureate head right; to right, capricorn right.
Rev.: AYTOKPATOPA KAICAPA, Tetrastyle temple, containing facing statue of Augustus.
AE, 18mm, 4.37g
Ref.: RPC I 2355
shanxi
Claudius_06.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, RPC, Pergamon, Claudius, Temple10 viewsClaudius
Pergamon, Mysia, AD 41-54
Ae 18
Obv.: KΛΑΥΔΙΟΝ ΚΑΙCΑΡΑ CEBACTON, Bare head right.
Rev.: CEBACTON / PERΓΑΜΕΝΟΙ, Statue of Augustus, holding spear, within tetrastyle temple.
AE, 6.01 g, 18 mm
Ref.: RPC 2370
shanxi
Commodus_1.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, RPC, Pergamon, Commodus, Telesphorus 17 viewsCommodus
Pergamon, Mysia, 175177
Obv.: Λ ΑΥΡ ΑΙΛ ΚΟΜΜΟΔΟΣ, head of Commodus
Rev.: ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ, shrine enclosing statue of Telesphorus
Ae, 21mm, 3.83g
Ref.: BMC 302 (same dies), Weisser 1080
Ex Hauck & Aufhuser
shanxi
Pergamon_32.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, RPC, Pergamon, Gaius and Lucius8 viewsMysia, Pergamon
grammateus Kephalion
19, struck 1 AD
Obv.: ΓAION KEΦAΛIΩN, Bare head of Gaius
Rev.: ΛЄYKION, Bare head of Lucius
, 19mm, 2.84g
Ref.: RPC 2363
shanxi
Hadrian_11.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, RPC, Pergamon, Hadrian, Telesphorus19 viewsHadrian
Pergamon, Mysia
Magistrate Cl. Cephalin
AE 16, AD 118
Obv.: ΑΥ ΚΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟ, laureate head of Hadrian, with drapery on left shoulder
Rev.: [ΠΕΡΓΑ С]ΤΡΑ ΚΛ ΚΕΦΑΛΙΩ(ΝΟ), ΤΟ Β, Telesphorus standing facing
AE, 2.66g, 16mm
Ref.: RPC III 1734 (same reverse die)
1 commentsshanxi
Livia_Julia_R694_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, RPC, Pergamon, Livia, Julia9 viewsLivia & Julia (Wife and Daughter of Augustus)
circa 10-2 BC
Charinos Grammateus, magistrate.
Obv: ΛΙΒΙΑΝ ΗΡΑΝ ΧΑΡΙΝΟΣ. Draped bust of Livia right.
Rev: ΟΥΛΙΑΝ ΑΦΡΟΔΙΤΗΝ. Draped bust of Julia (as Aphrodite) right.
, 18 mm, 3.38 g
Ref.: RPC 2359
shanxi
Septimius_Severus_R641_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, RPC, Pergamon, Septimius Severus, Asklepios 7 viewsSeptimius Severus
Pergamon, Mysia
AE 18, AD 193-211
Obv: ΑVP KAI CEBHPOC, Laureate head right.
Rev: ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ B, Asklepios standing facing, head left, holding staff entwined by snake.
AE, 3.79, 18mm
Ref.: SNG France 2203, Voegtli, FvP 33, 393
shanxi
Trajan_Decius_06.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, RPC, Pergamon, Trajan Decius, Asclepius, Hermes14 viewsTrajan Decius
Pergamon, Mysia
Magistrate: Kominios Phlabios Glukn (strategos and theologos)
AE 35
Obv: ΑΥΤ Κ Γ ΜƐϹ ΚΥΙ ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟϹ ΔƐΚΙΟϹ, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Decius, r.
Rev: ƐΠΙ Ϲ ΚΟΜ Φ ΓΛΥΚΩΝΟϹ, ΠƐΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ ΠΡΩ Γ ΝƐΩ, at l., Asclepius, standing facing, holding serpent staff; at r., nude Hermes, standing l., holding purse and caduceus
AE, 21.1g, 35mm
Ref.: Lindgren I-311, RPC Vol. IX, 544 (same dies)
shanxi
Trajan_R609fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, RPC, Pergamon, Trajan, Temple12 viewsTrajan
Pergamon, Mysia
AE 29, AD 98-117
Obv: ΑVΤΟΚ ΚΑΙС ΝЄΡΒΑС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС СЄB ΓЄPM ΔΑΚI, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ΦΙΛΙΟС ΖЄVС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΠЄΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ, tetrastyle temple of Zeus Philios on podium with three steps within which Zeus Philios seated r., his left resting on sceptre and Trajan standing facing, his head turned left, in military dress, his left resting on spear
AE, 13.82g, 29mm
Ref.: RPC III 1716
Ex Numismatik Naumann, auction 62, lot 466
shanxi
Trajan_06.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, RPC, Pergamon, Trajan, Temple16 viewsTrajan
Pergamon, Mysia
AE 18, AD 98-117
Obv: TPAIANOC CTPIΠΩΛΛIΩNOC, Tetrastyle temple containing cult statue standing facing; in pediment, pellet.
Rev: AVΓOVCTOC / ΠEPΓA, Tetrastyle temple containing statue of emperor standing facing; in pediment, capricorn.
AE, 4.59g, 18mm
Ref.: SNG France 2063
Ex Gitbud & Naumann, auction 39, lot 568
shanxi
Trajan_10.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, RPC, Pergamon, Trajan, Zeus10 viewsTrajan
Pergamon, Mysia
AE 17, AD 98-117
Obv: AVT TPAIANOC CЄB, Laureate head of Trajan right.
Rev: ΣЄVC ΦIΛIOC, Bare head of Zeus Philios right.
AE, 3.03g, 17mm
Ref.: RPC III 1719, SNG France 2067-9.
Ex Bankhaus Aufhuser, 1986
Ex Dr. P. Vogl collection
Ex Numismatik Naumann, auction 49, lot 425
shanxi
Pergamon_13.jpg
Asia Minor, RPC, Mysia, Pergamon, Senate, Roma30 viewsPergamon
Asia Minor, Mysia
Anonymous issue
AD late 1st-mid 2nd cent
Obv.: ΘEON [CVN] - KΛHTON, draped bust of Senate right
Rev.: ΘEAN - [PΩM]HN, head of Roma right, wearing mural crown; monogram in right field.
AE, 3.6g, 17 mm.
Ref.: possibly BMC Mysia 135, 221
shanxi
G_319_Pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, RPC, Mysia, Pergamon, Senate, Roma11 viewsPergamon
Asia Minor, Mysia
Anonymous issue
AD late 1st-mid 2nd cent
Obv.: ΘEON CVN - KΛHTON, draped bust of Senate right
Rev.: ΘEAN - PΩMHN, head of Roma right, wearing mural crown
AE, 3.40g, 17.3x18.8 mm.
Ref.: BMC Mysia p. 134, 205-210
shanxi
Pergamon_48.jpg
Asia Minor, RPC, Mysia, Pergamon, Senate, Roma, monogram 25 viewsPergamon
Asia Minor, Mysia
Anonymous issue
AD late 1st-mid 2nd cent
Obv.: ΘEON CVN - KΛHTON, draped bust of Senate right
Rev.: ΘEAN - PΩMHN, head of Roma right, wearing mural crown; monogram in right field.
AE, 3.26g, 18 mm.
Ref.: BMC Mysia 135, 221 var. (monogram)
1 commentsshanxi
Augustus_07.jpg
Asia Minor, Uncertain, Ephesus or Pergamon, Augustus34 viewsAugustus
27-14 BC
Uncertain, Ephesus or Pergamon
Obv.: CAISAR, bare head right
Rev.: AVGVSTVS (AVGV-STVS) within wreath
, 24mm, 8,31g
Ref.: RIC I 485, RPC I 2231
4 commentsshanxi
Asklepios_Phyromachos.jpg
Asklepios of Phyromachos44 viewsHead of Asklepios. Roman marble copy of the head of Asklepios made by Phyromachos, today in the Hermitage in St. Petersburg/Russia. The famous statue of Asklepios made by Phyromachos stood in the Asklepieion in Pergamon. Its head is found on several coins from Pergamon.

Phyromachos was the Pergamenian court sculptor. He has made too the Gigantomachy of the Pergamon Altar today in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.
Jochen
apr_24_2012-007.jpg
Asklepios, serpent36 viewsMysia, Pergamon or Antioch, Syria

Portrait of Asklepios left

Serpent entwined staff, A in left field
Robin Ayers
Attalos.jpg
Attalos I., AR Tetradrachm, 241-197 BC80 viewsAttalos I., King of Pergamon, AR Tetradrachm, 241-197 BC.
Obv. Laureate head of Philetairos right.
Rev. Athena seated left, holding wreath and resting arm on shield, spear behind; to left, ΦΙΛΕΤΑΙΡΟΥ; bee on outer left, X above knee, bow on outer right.
30 mm, 16.67 g
SNG France 1623-4 var.
ex Rutten & Wieland
1 commentsareich
Attalos_II__Philadelphos.jpg
Attalos II. Philadelphos 159-138 B.C.23 viewsMysia, Kingdom of Pergamon, Ae 14.7~15.8mm. 3.74g. struck under Attalos II, 159-138 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Rev: ΦIΛETAIΡOΥ, coiled serpent, head raised right. M in left field. BMC 78-80; Sear Greece 7228; SNG von Aulock 7455; SNG Stockholm 2093. SNG vA 7455, SNG Cop. 343; BMC 75ff. ddwau
attalusI.jpg
Attalus I AR Tetradrachm 241-197 BC31 viewsOBV: Diademed head of Philetairos, founder of the Pergamene dynasty, to right
REV: Athena enthroned left resting left arm on shield and placing a wreath on the name of PHILETAIROY with her extended right arm. 'A' in field below Athena's arm - likely Sear 7720
Philetairos was a eunuch trusted by Seleukos to guard the treasury at Pergamon. This he did for many years before eventually striking out on his own and founding a dynasty by adoption. Attalus I, one of his successors was a loyal ally of Rome in its wars with Macedon.
The coin is worn but it still retains much of its original portrait quality. The engravers of royal Greek tetradrachms often tried to capture a subtle atmospheric effect by fading the profile into the fields.
Diam 27.6 mm, wt 15.6 gm
1 commentsdaverino
Augustus,_Ephesus,_AE26.JPG
Augustus, Ephesus ?14 viewsAugustus, 27 BC - 14 AD Ephesus (or Mysia, Pergamon) 26 mm, 10.8 g. Obverse: bare head of Augustus right. Reverse: laurel wreath, AVGVSTVS within. ex areich, photo credit areich. Ref if Ephesus: RIC 486; RPC 2235.

Podiceps
Auguse02-2.jpg
Augustus, RIC 501, sestertius of 25 BC23 views sestertius (20.4g, 34mm, 12h), Pergamon mint, struck 25 BC.
Obv.: AVGVSTVS, bare head of Augustus facing right.
Rev.: Large C A within a dotted circle in laurel wreath.
RIC 501 (S); Cohen 790; BMCRE 713
C A stands for Commune Asiae.
Charles S
Pergamon.jpg
Bacchus, Cista Mystica367 viewsTetradrachm of Pergamon, Mysia (133-67 B.C.)
Obv: Cista mystica containing serpent, all within wreath (of grapes?).
Anepigraphic.
Rev: Bow case between two coiled serpents, MOE above, snake entwined Asklepian staff to right, mint monogram to left.
25.8 mm 12.2 gm

They can keep the snakes, but a healthy glass of wine about now would be a winner!
Massanutten
1 commentsMassanutten
G_354_Pergamon_countermark~0.jpg
c/m owl, Pergamon8 viewsc/m owl, Pergamon

click to see the coin
shanxi
Cistophor_Pergamon_AR26_12_37g.jpg
Cistophorus, Pergamon98 views26mm, 12.37g
obv: snake emerging from cista mystica with serpent emerging, ivy-wreath around
rev: two snakes around bow case, city monogram to left, PE and prytaneis monogram above, snake entwined thyrsos to right
SNG BN Paris 1750. Kleiner, LCP 81, 47

ex Roland Mller collection, ex Rutten & Wieland
2 commentsareich
B852E894-36A1-4290-821C-1291BA729596.jpeg
Cistophorus, Pergamon, , Silver, SNG von Aulock:7472 92-88 BC14 viewsBasket (cista mystica) from which snake coils, around, ivy wreath with fruits
Two snakes coiled around a bow case, between the snake heads, ΑΠ ΠΡΥ as monogram in wreath, to left, monogram of ΠΕΡΓ, to right, thyrsos entwined by a serpent
CHARACTERISTICS
COMPOSITION Silver
MINT NAME Pergamon
DENOMINATION Cistophorus
YEAR 92-88 BC
SNG VON AULOCK 7472
Mark R1
image00066Nomos.jpg
Cr 401/1 AR Denarius Mn. Aquillius Mn.f. Mn.n34 viewso: VIRTVS - III VIR Helmeted and draped bust of Virtus to right, with large head
r:MN F MN N / MN AQVIL / SICIL. Mn. Aquilius (Cos. 101) raising fallen Sicily
65 BCE Denarius Serratus (19 mm, 3.82 g, 6 h), Rome.
Babelon (Aquilia) 2. Crawford 401/1. Sydenham 798. Toned and struck on a broad flan.
This coin is somewhat unintentionally ironic. The moneyer's honored grandfather was accused of fleecing the people of Sicily, when he was governor of the province after the slave revolts. He later managed to antagonize Mithridates VI of Pontus, leading to widespread slaughter of Romans in Asia.
As Wikipedia summarizes the aftermath: "Mithridates defeated Aquillius in 88 near Protostachium. Aquillius was attempting to make his way back to Italy and managed to make it to Lesbos, where he was delivered to Mithridates by the inhabitants of Mytilene. After being taken to the mainland, he was then placed on a donkey and paraded back to Pergamon. On the trip, he was forced to confess his supposed crimes against the peoples of Anatolia. Aquillius's father, the elder Manius Aquillius, was a former Roman governor of Pergamon and was hated for the egregious taxes that he imposed. It was generally thought that Manius Aquillius the younger would follow in the footsteps of his father as a tax profiteer and was hated by some of the local peoples."
Grandpa was thereafter killed by Mithridates by having molten gold poured down his throat.
2 commentsPMah
kolophon_diobol.jpg
Diobol, Herakles/ Palladion9 viewsMysia, Pergamon AR Diobol. ca 330-284 B.C. 12mm, 1.2g. Head of Herakles wearing lionskin / ΠΕΡΓΑ, the Palladion facing, holding spear & shield. SNG Cop 317, Sear GCV II 3941Podiceps
pergamon_diobol.jpg
Diobol. Herakles/ ΠΕΡΓΑ, the Palladion facing17 viewsMysia, Pergamon AR Diobol. 1,3g, 10mm. ca 330-284 B.C. Head of Herakles wearing lionskin / ΠΕΡΓΑ, the Palladion facing, holding spear & shield. SNG Cop 317, Sear GCV II 3941. Podiceps
EB0214b_scaled.JPG
EB0214 Athena / Serpent3 viewsPergamon (Kingdom), MYSIA, AE 15, 159-138 BC.
Obverse: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Reverse: [ΦI]ΛETAIΡ[OY], coiled serpent, head raised right. M in left field.
References: SG 7228; BMC 78.
Diameter: 15.5mm, Weight: 3.694g.
EB
EB0215b_scaled.JPG
EB0215 Athena / Nike3 viewsPergamon, MYSIA, AE 23, Unknown Magistrate, 2nd-1st Century BC.
Obverse: [magistrate?] below helmeted head of Athena right.
Reverse: ΠEΡΓAMHNΩN, Nike walking right, holding wreath and palm branch.
References: Cf. SNG von Aulock 1378-1379; SNG Cop 363-364; Sear SG 3975; BMC 140.
Diameter: 23mm, Weight: 9.622g.
EB
EB0215_1b_scaled.JPG
EB0215.1 Asklepios / Eagle3 viewsPergamon, MYSIA, AE 20, Circa 200-133 BC.
Obverse: Head of Asklepios right.
Reverse: Eagle standing on thunderbolt.
References: SNG Cop 379.
Diameter: 20.5mm, Weight: 8.174g.
EB
EB0215_2b_scaled.JPG
EB0215.2 Athena / Trophy3 viewsPergamon, MYSIA, AE 20, After 133 BC.
Obverse: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Reverse: Trophy, ΩΠΠE monogram at lower right.
References: SNG Cop 393; SNG France 1875.
Diameter: 20mm, Weight: 6.3g.
EB
Elaea_Aeolis_Demeter_and_Torch.JPG
Elaea Aeolis Demeter and Torch36 viewsGreek City of Elaia in Asia Minor
Bronze 13mm (2.1 grams) Struck circa 200-100 B.C.
Reference: Sear 4206; B.M.C. 17.127,20
Head of Demeter right, wreathed with corn.
Torch; EΛ - AI / T - ΩΝ; all within corn wreath.

A coastal town situated south-west of Pergamon, Elaia served as a port for its more important neighbor during the time of the Pergamene
Kingdom.
Elaea or Elaia (Greek: Έλαία) was an ancient city of Aeolis, Asia, the port of Pergamum; the site is not precisely determined but is near
Zeytindağ, İzmir Province, Turkey.
Romanorvm
The_propylon_of_the_Sanctuary_of_Athena_Nikephoros_from_the_Pergamon_Acropolis,_Pergamon_Museum_Berlin_(8404176285).jpg
Germany, Berlin, The propylon of the Sanctuary of Athena Nikephoros from the Pergamon Acropolis, Pergamon Museum Berlin124 viewsThe monumental gateway, which stood at the northeast corner of the sanctuary, was built by Eumenes II in the early 2nd century BC. The two-storey building, had a porch of four Doric columns (tetrastyle) on the ground floor, above which was a dedicatory inscription by Eumenes to Athena Nikephoros. The upper storey was a balcony with four Ionic columns and fronted by a military frieze depicting armour and weapons. The Sanctuary of Athena Nikephoros, on the southwest corner of the walled citadel on the Acropolis, was one of Pergamon's oldest religious centres, used for the worship of Athena and Nike. The cult of Athena at Pergamon had associations with the city's mythical founder Telephos, the son of Herakles and Auge, who was a priestess of Athena. The Attalid rulers of Pergamon claimed to be descendants of Telephos, and thus of Herakles and Auge.Joe Sermarini
81874q00.jpg
Greek13 viewsAR diobol, Pergamon, Mysia 330-284 B.C.
Ob. Head of young Herakles clad in lions scalp.
Rev. Cult statue of Athena facing, calathus on head, drapery over the arms, spear in right, shield wuth hanging fillet in left.
nathan s2
Pergamon.jpg
Greek - Mysia, Pergamon4 viewsMetal/Size: AE20; Weight: 7.31 grams; Denomination: Drachm; Mint: Pergamon; Date: 200-133 BCE; Obverse: Laureate head of bearded Asklepios (ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ). Reverse: AΣKΛH[ΠIOY] - ΣΩTHPOΣ; Snake around omphalos. References: Lindgren/Kovacs #298; SNG BN Paris 5, #1806; BMC #129, 158;SNG France #1803.museumguy
pergamon ae18 BK.jpg
GREEK, Mysia, Pergamon - 2nd-1st cent. BC - AE1857 viewsAE18 6.80g
obv: Head of Athena right, in crested helm
rev: Trophy of arms, (A)THENAS - NIKEPHOROU either side. Pergamon monogram to lower right, monogram between trophy and text to left
SG3960v(monogram), SNG Cop 393-5v(monogram).
Dealer's note: Unusual in that the monogram is to the left
Jericho
Mysia AE15 Athena Owl smaller.jpg
GREEK, Mysia, Pergamon AE1564 viewsobv: Head of Athena right
rev: Owl on palm branch, wings spread
Struck 2nd-1st Century BC
SG 3963
Jericho
mysia AS15 athena snake smaller.jpg
GREEK, Mysia, Pergamon AE1550 viewsobv: Head of Athena right
rev: Coiled snake, M to left, legend to right
Struck 2nd Century BC
Jericho
Mysia_Pergamon_Diobol_Herakles_Athena_Q-001_h,_1,25_g,_10_mm-s.jpg
Greek, Mysia, Pergamon, (Early 3rd Cent. B.C.), AR-Diobol, McClean 7668, ΠERΓAMH, Cult statue of Athena facing,171 viewsMysia, Pergamon, (Early 3rd Cent. B.C.), AR-Diobol, McClean 7668, ΠERΓAMH, Cult statue of Athena facing,
avers: Head of young beardless Herakles right.
revers: ΠERΓAMH, Cult statue of Athena facing, brandishing spear and holding shield.
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: 10mm, weight: 1,25g, axes: 10h,
mint: Mysia, Pergamon,
date: Early 3rd Cent. B.C., ref: McClean 7668
Q-001
quadrans
Greece,_Mysia,_Pergamum,_Cistophoric_Tetradrachm,_12_57g,_28mm,_166-67_BC,_issued_76_BC.jpg
GREEK, Mysia, Pergamon, Cistophoric Tetradrachm81 viewsGreece, Mysia, Pergamon, Cistophoric Tetradrachm, 12.57g, 28mm, 166-67 BC, issued 76 BC

Obv: Cista Mystica containing serpent escaping, all within an ivy wreath.

Rev: Bow case between 2 serpents. Pergamon monogram at left. Snake entwined Asklepian staff at right. "AP" above.

Near the West coast of present day Turkey, Pergamon, in the province of Mysia, was an insignificant city under the Persian empire. After Alexander the Great died, his bodyguard "Lysimachus" was given Thrace and north western Asia. After the battle of Ipsus "Lysimachus" secured Alexander's treasury worth over 25,000 talents. Pergamon was located in a natural fortress and "Lysimachus" strengthened the city and deposited his Asian treasure (9000 talents) in the city along with a military guard under his loyal follower "Philetaerus". "Lysimachus" died in 281 BC and Pergamon officially fell under Seulcid control. "Philetaerus" played the part of a faithful governor, but all the time he used the money to strengthen the city's defenses and founded the Attalid dynasty of the kingdom of "Pergamon". The kingdom successfully withstood attempts by Seulicid rulers to regain control. In 190 BC, Pergamon assisted the Romans to defeat Antiochus III of Syria. At this time, Rome had no territorial desires in Asia and they gave all the territories to Pergamon. Pergamon prospered and soon ranked as one of the major Greek cultural centers. Pergamon's library ranked second only to the library of Alexandria. But, to Rome's surprize the Pergamon King Attalus III (138 - 133 BC) gave the kingdom to Rome upon his death in 133 BC. During the confusion a certain "Aristonicus" seized the throne and changed his name to "Eumenes III". This forced the Romans to intervene and they seized the kingdom and made it the capital of the Roman province of Asia.

Pergamon first issued this coin under Eumenes II, who likely required a new currency after the treaty with Apameia in 188 BC expanded his economic and political territory. The new coinage is the first time a kings portrait and name are omitted from Hellenistic currency. The cistophori (basket bearers) were the chief currency in Asia Minor for about 300 years. Originally introduced by king Eumenes II of Pergamon around 166 BCE, the obverse of these coins shows a cista mystica, i.e., a woven basket containing the sacred objects of a mystery cult. In the case of the cistophori, the basket contains snakes associated with the worship of Dionysus (Bacchus), the Greek god of wine and ecstasy. In the Dionysian mysteries a serpent, representing the god, was carried in a box called a cista on a bed of vine leaves. This may be the Cista mentioned by Clement of Alexandria which was exhibited as containing the phallus of Dionysus. The depiction on this famous type is what gives the coin its name - the Cistophorus. It was one of the most widely minted coin types in the ancient world. It seems that the Asian Greek states in what is now Turkey minted this coin in unison from around 150 BC. Some scholars believe this was undertaken for the common good, so traders could be confident in a coin of uniform weight and value, representing the collective wealth of Asian Greekdom.

The ivy wreath and the thyrsos staff on the reverse are also references to this god whom the Attalid kings of Pergamon claimed as their ancestor. The bow case (gorytos) on the reverse points to Herakles, the father of Telephos, the legendary founder and first king of Pergamon. Taken together, the obverse and reverse scenes appear to capture allegorical acts one and two of the Dionysian Cista fertility mythology in progress.

When the last Attalid king, Attalos III, died in 133 BCE, he left his entire kingdom to the Roman people. At the same time, his last will declared Pergamon and the other important cities of his realm "free cities", which meant that they did not have to pay tribute to Rome. Not surprisingly, Pergamon and the other cities continued to mint cistophori in grateful tribute to their former ruler. The city of Pergamum continued issue of cistophoric tetradrachm for eight decades after the city was willed to Rome in 133 BC.

1 cistophor equaled 3 Attic drachms, the currency of Athens, which had become the world's key currency during the campaigns of Alexander the Great. Later, 1 cistophor was equivalent to 3 Roman denarii. Because they were so easy to convert into the key currencies, 16 Anatolian towns soon minted cistophors, forming a kind of monetary union. When Pergamum became Roman about 133 BC, the Romans continued to mint cistophors.

Under the Attalids, Pergamon was not only the capital of an empire that soon stretched over most of Asia Minor, but also the seat of the second most famous library of the ancient world with more than 200,000 book rolls. When the kings of Egypt, the Ptolemies, whose capital, Alexandria, boasted the only comparable library, cut off Pergamene access to papyrus, the most important writing material, the Pergamenes invented pergamentum, i.e., parchment or vellum made from animal skins.

Today, the city is called Bergama and belongs to Turkey.
mitresh
Mysia_Priapos_Apollo_Crab_Krebs_Q-001_7h,_11_mm,_1,37_g-s.jpg
Greek, Mysia, Priapos, (300-200 B.C.), AE-11, SNG von Aulock 7526, A above, ΠΡI below, Crab.192 viewsMysia, Priapos, (300-200 B.C.), AE-11, SNG von Aulock 7526, A above, ΠΡI below, Crab.
avers: Laureate head of Apollo right.
revers: A above, ΠΡI below, Crab.
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: 1,34g, axes:7h,
mint: Mysia, Pergamon,
date: 300-200 B.C., ref: SNG von Aulock 7526, Winterthur 2680.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
KINGS_of_PERGAMON__Attalos_I_to_Eumenes_II__241-159_BC.jpg
Greek, Philetairos, Kings of Pergamon, Attalos I to Eumenes II.471 viewsKINGS of PERGAMON. Attalos I to Eumenes II.241-159 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.70 g, 12h). Struck circa 225/15-189/8. Laureate head of Philetairos right / Athena seated left, with spear at side, supporting shield with right hand and resting left elbow on small statuette on sphinx; ivy leaf above knee, bow to outer right, A on throne. Westermark Group III, dies V.XXIX/R?; SNG France 1609 (same obv. die). XF, porous. CNG auction.

Photo and Description , courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.

Sam Mansourati Collection / EX CNG
7 commentsSam
217_seleukos.jpg
GREEK, Seleucid Kingdom, Seleukos III Keraunos (The Thunderer)33 viewsAE 16mm 3,7 g
Avers: Artemis head to right
Reverse: Apollo is sitting on the omphalos to the left side , bow on the left and arrow in the right hand. BASILEOS SELEUKOY in greek letters. SNGIs 511?

After a brief reign of three years (225223 BC), Seleukos was assassinated in Anatolia by members of his army while on campaign against Attalus I of Pergamon.
Franz-Josef M
Seleukos_I_on_Sophytes_Drachm.jpg
Greek, Seleukos I Nikator (?) on Sophytes Drachm, Baktria228 viewsThe portrait on the obverse of this coin is may be that of Seleukos I Nikator. It appears that Sophytes submitted to Seleukos I during the latters eastern anabasis in 306-305 BC and was appointed to the position of Satrap of Baktria. Following the incorporation of Baktria into the Seleukid Empire, the Seleukid administration appears to have sponsored Greek migration into the territory from Asia Minor. The increased demand for coinage would explain the successive emissions of owl, eagle and cock coinage, which culminated in the issue of the epigraphic Sophytes cock emission. The inspiration for the obverse was probably the Hero/Trophy issue of Susa, which commenced ca 301 BC. The frontal profile and features of the portrait on the obverse of Sophytes issues bear a resemblance to the portrait of Seleukos on the later coinage of Philetairos of Pergamon. On allying himself with Seleukos, Philetairos issued coinage bearing the portrait of Seleukos on the obverse the name of Philetairos on a distinctive non-Seleukid reverse. The parallels between the documented circumstances and coinage of Philetairos with the earlier undocumented history and coinage of Sopytes are apparent and suggestive of the circumstances under which Sophytes came to issue coinage bearing his name in Seleukid Baktria.

With growing power and provincial wealth following a decade of Greek immigration to the province, it is possible that Sophytes determined to move on a more independent path and issued coinage in his name, but bearing the image of Seleukos, in anticipation that the latter would pacify any concern that Seleukos may have with the approach. However, the latter strategy appears to have failed and Sophytes rapidly disappears from the scene and numismatic record. This action of Sophytes may have been the trigger for Seleukos to declare Antiochos co-regent and satrap of the eastern provinces. With this appointment, Antiochos was dispatched to Baktria and set about expanding the Seleukid administration and development of the province, including the establishment of Seleukid royal mints at Baktra and Ai Khanoum, commencing around 294 BC.
Lloyd T
pergamon_herakles_athena~0.jpg
Herakles/ Athena9 viewsPergamon, Mysia, c. 300 B.C. AE 10. obverse head of young Herakles right wearing lion's head; reverse ΠΕΡ, head of Athena right in crested helmet. BMC 22. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
IMG_2466.JPG
Italy, Rome, National Museum of Rome, Suicide of a Gaul 170 viewsPallazo Altemps

Roman copy of Hellenistic original 230-220 BC, one of the bronze groups commissioned from Greek sculptors by Pergamon king Attalus I after his recent victories over the Gauls of Galatia.
Johny SYSEL
Perg_Phil_k.jpg
KING OF PERGAMON: Philetairos, 282-133 BC. 3 views14, 2.2g, 10h; Pergamon, Mysia.
Obv.: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev.: ΦIΛE / TAIPOY; strung bow.
Reference: BMC 54, Sear 7233 / 17-77-35
John Anthony
Mysia,_Pergamon,_Eumenes_I_AR_Tetradrachm-_John_Jencek_Ancient_Coins__E787LG.jpg
Kings of Pergamon, Eumenes I, 263-241 BC, AR Tetradrachm18 viewsDiademed head of Philetairos r.
ΦIΛΕΤAIPΟY Athena enthroned l., holding shield; spear behind, ivy leaf to inner l., bow to r., A on throne.

Westermark Group II (V.X/R.1); SNG France 1604; SNG von Aulock 1354; Meydancikkale 3002; Sear 7217.

(28 mm, 16.14 g, 12h).
John Jencek
2 commentsn.igma
KINGS_of_PERGAMON__Attalos_I_to_Eumenes_II.jpg
KINGS of PERGAMON. Attalos I to Eumenes II148 viewsKINGS of PERGAMON. Attalos I to Eumenes II. 241-159 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.70 g, 12h). Struck circa 225/15-189/8. Laureate head of Philetairos right / Athena seated left, with spear at side, supporting shield with right hand and resting left elbow on small statuette on sphinx; ivy leaf above knee, bow to outer right, A on throne. Westermark Group III, dies V.XXIX/R?; SNG France 1609 (same obv. die). XF, porous.

From the Sam Mansourati collection. / EX CNG
8 commentsSam
sardeis_augustus_Franke_Nolle1814_homonoia.jpg
Lydia, Sardeis, Augustus, Franke/Nolle 181428 viewsAugustus, 27 BC - AD 14
Homonoia between Sardeis and Pergamon
AE 20, 6.84g
struck under magistrate Musaios
obv. CEBACTOV
Head, bare-headed, r.
rev. SARDIANWN - KAI PERGAMHNWN
Bearded Demos, in himation, stg. l., and youthful Demos, in short chiton, stg. r.,
each holding transversal sceptre, clasping hands.
in field between them MOV / SAI / OS
Franke/Nolle 1814 (2 ex., Berlin ex coll. Imhoof, coll. Lindgren)
Very rare, F+, bluegreen patina, somewhat patchy

Belongs to the so-called Homonoia-coinage!
Jochen
Uncertain_Lydia_4th_Cent_BC.jpg
Lydia, Uncertain Mint, 4th Century BC, 1123 viewsHead of Dionysos wreathed with ivy left.
Kantharos, between two letters 8-Ʒ (largely off-flan) being F (in Lydian) and S (in Lydian).

Unpublished in the standard references, c.f. CNG 100 (7 Oct. 2015) Lot 1487; Vgtli, Pergamon 524; CNG eAuction 248, lot 119 (Syros).

(11 mm, 1.456 g, 10h).
ex- Forum Ancient Coins.

This coin was acquired with an attribution "unknown". Subsequently, CNG and others attributed the type to the Cycladic islands, either Syros, or Naxos Some years later this was corrected by CNG to an uncertain Lydian mint, possibly Sardes.

CNG Auction 100 note: "In previous sales, this issue has been variously attributed to either Cycladic Naxos or Syros. While both cities struck coins with the same types as on this issue, all of these cities bronzes consistently bear the first two letters of their respective ethnic flanking the base of the kantharos. On this issue, however, these Greek letters have been replaced by two Lydian letters, allowing its correct attribution to a mint in Lydia. Sardes is a possibility, as its spelling in Lydian was Sfard."
n.igma
GRK_Lydia_Sardes_Sear_4737.jpg
Lydia. Sardes10 viewsSear 4737, SNG Copenhagen 468; BMC 47; SNG von Aulock 3188; Johnston, Greek 241

AE unit, 4,98 g., 17.52 mm. max, 0

Struck ca. 133 B.C. to 14 A.D.

Obv.: Wreathed head of young Dionysos/Apollo right.

Rev.: Forepart of lion facing right; ΣΑΡΔΙΑΝΩΝ above; ΩPΣE monogram behind.

In 189 B.C. the ancient capital of Lydia came under the rule of the Attalids of Pergamon, and passed into Roman rule in 133 B.C. During this time, it remained an important city and was the principal centre of a judicial district that included almost 30 Lydian and Phrygian settlements. The city was eventually made a provincial capital when Lydia was re-established as an administrative centre. The city was destroyed by an earthquake in 17 A.D., but was rebuilt and remained an important city until the late Byzantine period.
Stkp
GRK_Lydia_Sardes_Sear_4736.jpg
Lydia. Sardes12 viewsSear 4736, Cf. BMC Ionia pg. 238-239; cf. SNG Copenhagen 470-482 (473); cf. SNG von Aulock 3125-3126; Johnston, Greek 197.

AE unit, 4.09 g., 15.50 mm. max, 270

Struck 133 B.C. to 14 A.D.

Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right.

Rev.: Forepart of lion facing right; ΣΑΡΔΙ--ΑΝΩΝ around club within oak-wreath; monogram to right.

After Antiochus III was defeated by Rome in 190 B.C., Sardes was incorporated with the Kingdom of Pergamon. When King Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., to prevent a civil war, he bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic. Sardis became the capital of the Roman Province of Lydia.
Stkp
Pergamon.jpg
LYDIA. Nakrasa. Pseudo-autonomous.47 viewsTime of Trajan to Antoninus Pius (98-161). Ae.

Obv: EΠΙ CTPA MAP IOVNIANOV.
Head of Herakles right.
Rev: NAKRACITΩΝ.
Omphalos entwined by serpent.

aVF.

SNG Copenhagen 295; BMC 7.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
Sam
81025q00.jpg
MYSIA41 views2nd-1st C. B.C. - Bronze AE 21, S 3976, BMC 149, VF, Pergamon mint, 7.983g, 21.1mm, 0o, obverse [SELEUKOU], laureate and bearded head of Asklepios right; reverse P-ER/G-A/MHNWN, eagle standing half-left on thunderbolt, head right1 commentsdpaul7
81022q00.jpg
MYSIA47 viewsc. 320-284 B.C. Silver diobol, BMC 9 ff., VF, Pergamon mint, 1.240g, 10.1mm, 0o, obverse head of Herakles right, clad in lion's skin headdress; reverse PERGA(M), Athena standing facing, holding spear and shield1 commentsdpaul7
02300-Persia.JPG
Mysia14 viewsMysia, Pergamon Tetradrachm
26 mm 12.40 gm
Cista mystica with serpent; all within ivy wreath.
Bow case between two serpents; AP and monogram above, serpent-entwined staff to right
Koffy
mysia_pergamon.jpg
mysia pergamon58 viewsMysia Pergamon c.100 BC, AE18 (2.45 gm.)
Obverse- Helmeted head of Athena right, flower or star on helmet.
Reverse- ΑΘΗ - ΝΑΣ above, ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ below, K - Λ either side of owl facing, with wings spread, on palm branch.
Sear 3962var
b70
Mysia,_Pergamon.JPG
Mysia Pergamon AR cistophoric tetradrachm6 views25mm, 12.33 grams
C 166-167BC
Cista mystica with a serpent emerging; ivy wreath around
Two serpents entwined around a bow
JBGood
Mysia_Pergamon_1.PNG
Mysia Pergamon 88-50 BC3 viewsMysia Pergamon 88-50 BC.Bronze

Obverse.Head of Athena in classic crested Athenian Helmet.

Reverse.Serpent of Aesklepius.M on left side

11mm
Macedonian Warrior
GRK_Gambrion_Sear_3871.jpg
Mysia, Gambrion (Poyracik, Izmir, Turkey)8 viewsSear 3871, SNG France 908-921, SNG Copenhagen 146-149.

AE unit; ca. 350-200 B.C., 4.13 g., 17.37 mm. max., 180

Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right.

Rev.: Twelve-pointed star, Γ-[A-M] between rays.

The earliest mention of Gambrion is in Xenophon's Anabasis which discusses the region in 399 B.C. The city peaked during the rule of the Pergamon Kingdom in the third and second centuries B.C.
Stkp
coin650.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon 8 viewsMysia, Pergamon Athena bust right. AE
Rev. mit korinthischem Helm/Trophae
SNG France 1880 Coin #650
cars100
Mysia,_Pergamon.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon20 viewsAE15
200-133 B.C.
15mm, 3.32g
GCV-3971

Obverse
Laureate head of Aesklepios right.

Reverse:
AΣKΛHΠIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ
Asklepian snake coiled around crooked staff.
rubadub
MYSIA_ATHENA_TROPHY.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON61 viewsAE 18.5 mm 8.5 g
2nd CENTURY BC
OBV: HELMETED HEAD OF ATHENA R
REV: AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOPOY TROPHY, MONOGRAM TO RIGHT
SNG COP 393 ff
SEAR GIC 2, 3960
1 commentslaney
perg_vict_resized.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON 39 viewsAE 17 X 18 mm 5.80 g
133 BC - 27 BC
OBV: HELMETED HEAD OF ATHENA R
REV: PERG. NIKE ADVANCING R HOLDING WREATH AND PALM
laney
perg_senate_roma_res.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON40 views1st CENTURY AD
AE 15 mm 1.53 g
O: DRAPED BUST OF SENATE R
R: TURRETED HEAD OF ROMA R
PERGAMON MYSIA
laney
perg_fraction.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON 26 viewsCa. 310 - 284 BC
AE 10 MM 0.83 g
O: HEAD OF HERACLES IN LION'S SKIN HEADDRESS R
R: HELMETED HEAD OF ATHENA R, PER beneath
Mysia, Pergamon; cf SNG Cop. 323-324
laney
GreekC.JPG
MYSIA, Pergamon18 viewsMysia, Pergamon, ca. 270 BC, AE 13. Athena facing right / FILE above TAIPOY below strung bow. BMC 54 var.Molinari
GreekG.JPG
MYSIA, Pergamon19 viewsMysia, Pergamon, c. 270 BC, AE 10. Athena facing right / FILE above TAIPOY below strung bow. BMC 54 var.Molinari
aesclepius_res.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON37 views2nd - 1st Century BC
AE 15.5.mm 3.67 g
O: Bust of Asklepius, right
R: Snake entwined on staff, head left; B in left field
laney
athena_owl_palm_res.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON48 views230 - 133 BC
AE 14.5 mm 3.10 g
O: head Athena right wearing crested helmet with star, hair in curls down neck
R: owl with wings spread facing atop palm
SNG Cop 383 ff. var
2 commentslaney
asclepius.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON32 views2nd - 1st Cent. BC
AE 18 mm 5.30 g
O: Head of Asklepios r.
R: Snake entwined around staff.
laney
mysia_res.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON29 views200 - 133 BC
AE 19.5 mm 6.40 g
O: Laureate head of bearded Asklepios right
R: Snake coiled around omphalos
laney
pergam_res.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON16 viewsca. 200 - 133 BC
AE 18 mm 7.39 g
O: Helmeted head of Athena right
R: PERGAMW[N] Nike standing right, extending wreath in right, palm over shoulder in left
laney
MYSIA_PERG_BULLS_RES.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON18 views310-284 BC.
AE 11 mm 0.85 g
O: Head of Athena left, wearing crested helmet with olive wreath
R: Two bulls' heads confronted
laney
AAQ_copy.jpg
MYSIA, Pergamon20 viewsMYSIA, Pergamon. Circa 188-133 BC. 19mm. Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Rev: ΑΘΗΝΑΣ/ NIKHΦΟΡΟΥ, trophy; monogram to right, below. SNG France 1880; SNG Copenhagen 393; SNG von Aulock 1374. Molinari
AAP_copy.jpg
MYSIA, Pergamon21 viewsMYSIA, Pergamon. Circa 188-133 BC. 19mm. Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Rev: ΑΘΗΝΑΣ/ NIKHΦΟΡΟΥ, trophy; monogram to right, below. SNG France 1880; SNG Copenhagen 393; SNG von Aulock 1374. Molinari
ABA_copy.jpg
MYSIA, Pergamon36 viewsMysia, Pergamon, ca. 270 BC, AE 13. Athena facing right / FILE above TAIPOY below strung bow. BMC 54 var.1 commentsMolinari
ATHENA_STAR_PERGAMON.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON16 views310-284 BC.
AE 10 mm, 0.78 g
O: Helmeted head of Athena right
R: Two stars, ΠΕΡΓ below.
Pergamon SNG France 1587; SNG Copenhagen 325
laney
pergamon_aesk_omphal_xres.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON18 views2nd - 1st Century BC
AE 18 mm, 4.19 g
O: Laureate head of Asklepius right
R: Asklepian snake coiled around omphalos.
Mysia, Pergamon
laney
perg_senate_roma_res~0.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON17 views1st Century AD
AE 16.5 mm, 3.47 g
O: Draped bust of the Senate right.
R: Bust of Roma right.
Mysia, Pergamon
laney
perg_trophy_resb.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON21 views2nd Century BC
AE 17 mm; 6.67 g
O: Helmeted head of Athena right.
R: AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOPOY, trophy of arms.
Pergamon; cf SNG Cop: 396,
laney
pergamon.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon17 viewsAE21, 7.7g, 133-127 BC
Obv.: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev.: AΘΗΝΑΣ / ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ either side of trophy; trophy consisting of helmet and cuirass; mint-monogram in lower field to right.
Reference: SNG France 1875-9; SNG Copenhagen 393-5.
Notes: sold to jwt, 9/15
John Anthony
perg_athena_asklep_b.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON21 views200 - 133 BC
Mithradatos, magistrate
AE 24.5 mm; 9.24 g
O: MIΘPAΔATOY. Helmeted head of Athena left.
R: [PERGAMHNWN?] Asklepios standing facing, head left, holding staff entwined by snake.
SNG von Aulock 1377.
laney
perg_owl_cm_res.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON24 viewsRegal Issue (Pergamene Kingdom)
288 - 133 BC
AE 15.5 mm; 3.34 g
O: Helmeted head of Athena right
R: Coiled snake, M monogram to left, FILETAIR[OY] to right.
large owl countermark upside down at center of reverse.
BMC p. 121, 76-77; Sear 7228 var.
laney
perg_athena_bow_file.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON12 viewsca, 282 - 133 B.C.
AE 13 mm; 2.03 g
O: Athena in Attic helmet right.
R: ΦIΛE-TAIPOY; strung bow.
Pergamon mint; cf BMC 54 ff.
(KING PHILETAIROS)
laney
senate_roma.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON22 views1st Century AD
Autonomous Issue
AE 18 mm; 3.34 g
O: ΘEON CYN−KΛHTON, draped bust of the Senate right;
R: ΘEAN PΩ−MHN, turreted and draped bust of Roma right;
Pergamon mint; cf BMC Mysia p. 134, 5 ff.; SGICV 4910
laney
asklep_perg_3.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON23 viewsca. 133 - 16 B.C.
AE 20 mm; 6.57 g
O: laureate head of Asklepios right
R: ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ / ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around omphalos
Mysia, Pergamon; SNG BnF 1803 ff.; BMC Mysia p. 129, 158; SNGvA 1372
laney
asklep_perg_2.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON16 viewsca. 133 - 16 B.C.
AE 20 mm; 8.04 g
O: laureate head of Asklepios right
R: ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ / ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around omphalos; monogram to left
Mysia, Pergamon; SNG BnF 1803 ff.; BMC Mysia p. 129, 158; SNGvA 1372
laney
asklep_perg_1.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON21 viewsca. 133 - 16 B.C.
AE 20 mm; 7.4 g
O: laureate head of Asklepios right
R: ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ / ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around omphalos
Mysia, Pergamon; SNG BnF 1803 ff.; BMC Mysia p. 129, 158; SNGvA 1372
laney
perg_athena_troph.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON20 views2nd century BC
19.5 mm; 6.48 g
Pergamon, Mysia - Athena & Trophy of armor
O: Helmeted head of Athena right.
R: Trophy of armor
SNG Cop 393 ff.
laney
athena_trophy_1.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON17 views2nd Century BC
AE 20.5 mm; 6.88 g
O: Helmeted head of Athena right
R: ΑΘΗΝΑC ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ, trophy of captured arms; monogram lower right
SNG Cop 396; SNG BnF 1875; BMC Mysia p. 131, 172 ff Pergamon mint

laney
athena_trophy_2.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON18 views2nd Century BC
AE 19.5 mm; 11.05 g
O: Helmeted head of Athena right
R: ΑΘΗΝΑC ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ, trophy of captured arms; monogram lower right
Pergamon mint; SNG Cop 396; SNG BnF 1875; BMC Mysia p. 131, 172 ff
laney
mysia_perg_athena_owl.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON19 viewsca 200 - 133 BC
AE 16.2 mm; 1.95 g
O: Head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with star.
R: AΘHNAΣ / K Σ / NIKHΦOPOY. Owl standing facing on palm frond right, with wings spread.
Mysia, Pergamon mint; SNG France 1920-2.
laney
pergamon_6.jpg
MYSIA, Pergamon88 viewsAE21, 6.5g, 1h; c. 133-16 BC.
Obv.: Laureate head of Asklepios right;
Rev.: ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ / ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around omphalos, head right; countermark: overfed owl standing, facing.
Reference: SNG BnF 1815 (with owl countermark); BMC Mysia p. 129, 161 (same).
John Anthony
perg_ask_cm_owl_k.jpg
MYSIA, Pergamon4 viewsAE21, 6.5g, 1h; c. 133-16 BC.
Obv.: Laureate head of Asklepios right;
Rev.: ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ / ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around omphalos, head right; countermark: overfed owl standing, facing.
Reference: SNG BnF 1815 (with owl countermark); BMC Mysia p. 129, 161 (same).
John Anthony
permag_athena_troph.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON23 viewsAE 17.5 mm; 6.74 g
2nd CENTURY BC
OBV: HELMETED HEAD OF ATHENA R
REV: AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOPOY TROPHY OF ARMS
SNG COP 393 ff
laney
asklep_serp.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON27 viewsca. 2nd century BC
AE 16 mm, 3.19 g
O: Laureate and bearded head of Asklepios to right
R: Staff entwined with serpent, legends to sides
Mysia, Pergamon;
(sold)
laney
asklep_serp_staff_pergam.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON29 viewsca. 2nd century BC
AE 14.5 X 15.9 mm; 2.86 g
O: Laureate and bearded head of Asklepios to right
R: Staff entwined with serpent, AΣKΛHΠIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ to sides
Mysia, Pergamon; cf. SNG von Aulock 1372, 1373
laney
mysia_heracles_athena.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON16 viewsca 310 - 285 BC
AE 9 mm, 0.84 g
O: Head of Herakles in lionskin headdress, right
R: Helmeted head of Athena, right
Mysia, Pergamon; cf CNG Cop. 323-324
laney
IMG_0564.JPG
MYSIA, Pergamon7 viewsMYSIA, Pergamon. Circa 133-27 BC. (16mm, 2.32 g, 12h). Helmeted head of Athena right, helmet decorated with star / Owl, with wings spread, standing right, head facing, on palm branch; ΔI-O across central field. Von Fritze, Pergamon 26 var. (control letters); SNG France 1905-29 var. (same); SNG Copenhagen 383-92 var. (same); BMC 190-204 var. (same)ecoli
athena_troph_perg_cm.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON14 viewsAE 20 MM mm; 8.47 g
2nd CENTURY BC
OBV: HELMETED HEAD OF ATHENA R; COUNTERMARK CENTER
REV: AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOPOY TROPHY OF ARMS
SNG COP 393 ff
laney
senate_roma~0.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON22 viewsEarly 2nd century AD (time of Hadrian-Trajan)
Pseudo-Autonomous Issue
AE 16.6 mm, 2.93 g
O: Draped bust of young Senate right
R: Turretted, draped bust of Roma, right
laney
asclep_forum_lot.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON15 viewsca. 2nd century BC
AE 16 mm, 3.89 g
O: Laureate and bearded head of Asklepios to right
R: Staff entwined with serpent, legends to sides
Mysia, Pergamon;
laney
athena_asklep_perg.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON9 viewsc. 200-133 BC
AE 22mm, 10.55 g
O: Helmeted bust of Athena left
R: Asklepios standing facing, head r., resting on serpent-entwined staff.
Pergamon mint; SNG Copenhagen 400; SNG von Aulock 1377
laney
asklep_perg.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON26 views MYSIA, PERGAMON
2nd century B.C.
(20 mm, 8.68 g, 12 h).
O: Laureate head of Asklepios right
R: [AΣ]KΛEΠIOY [Σ]ΩTHPOΣ, serpent coiled around omphalos; owl to inner left.
Pergamon. BMC Mysia p. 129, 160.
(ex Triskeles Auction)
2 commentslaney
Mysia_Pergamum_SNG-France1701~0.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon8 viewsPergamon 166-160 BC ARCistophoric Tetradrachm (12.56 gm) Basket (Cista Mystica) containing serpent, all within ivy wreath. / Bow case between serpents. ΠΕΡΓ (PERG) mint mark to l., amphora in field to r. gVF. Kleiner & Noe Series series 8 #19. SNG France 1701; SNGvAulock 7461. Struck on a broad flan. Christian T
Mysia_Pergamum_SNG-France1745~2.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon8 viewsPergamon. c. 104-98 BC ARCistaphoric Tetradrachm (12.31 gm) Basket (Cista Mystica) containing serpent, all within ivy wreath. / Bow case between two serpents. City ethnic ΠΡΕ (PERG) to l., Asklepian staff (thyrsos) entwined by a serpent to r. MH & monogram ΠΡΥ above. VF. Kleiner (1978) pg 81 #21, 42; Pinder 114; SNG France 1745-6. Christian T
pergam_boar_res.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON (BOAR)12 views440 BC - 350 BC
AE 10 mm 0.98 g
OBV: FEMALE HEAD (or APHRODITE? or APOLLO?) R
REV: PER[G]
HEAD OF BOAR, R
SQUIGGLE (SNAIL?) ABOVE SNOUT
MYSIA, PERGAMON
SLG WEBER 5158(1)
laney
perg_athena_bow.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON (PERGAMENE KINGDOM)19 views282 - 133 BC
AE 11 mm
O: Helmeted head of Athena right
R: [FILE]-TAIRO[T] Bow
BMC 54; SNG Fr. 1682 ff.
laney
senate_roma_5.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON (SEMI-AUTONOMOUS)6 views60-150 AD
AE 16.8 mm, 3.0e g
O: ΘEON CVNKΛHTOC, bust of the Senate right , monogram before
R: ΘEAN PΩ - MHN, turreted bust of Roma right; monogram before.
Mysia,, Pergamon
laney
roma_senate_4.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON (SEMI-AUTONOMOUS)5 views1st - 2nd Cent. AD
AE 14.5 mm, 2.71 g
O: Draped bust of Senate, right
R: Turreted bust of Roma, right; monogram before
laney
senate_roma_2.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON (SEMI-AUTONOMOUS)6 views1st - 2nd Cent. AD
15 mm max., 1.56 g
O: Draped bust of the Senate right
R: Turreted bust of Roma right
laney
senate_roma_3.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON (SEMI-AUTONOMOUS)5 views MYSIA, PERGAMON (SEMI-AUTONOMOUS)
1st - 2nd Cent. AD
16.5 mm, 3.87 g
O: Draped bust of the Senate right
R: Turreted bust of Roma right;
laney
senate_roma_9.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON (SEMI-AUTONOMOUS, FLAVIAN ERA)6 viewsca 80 - 96 AD (Flavian Era; Medal of Kephalion?)
AE 20 mm, 3.22 g
O: ΘΕΑ ΡωΜΗ ΕΠΙ CΤΡΑ ΚεΦΑΛΙωΝΟC, draped bust of Roma right, wearing 2-pointed crown and chignon
R: ΘΕΟΝ CΥΝΚΛΗΤΟΝ, draped bust of Senate right, wreath to right.
Mysia, Pergamon; RPC II, 145, 923; SNG France 1996
laney
216_P_Hadrian__BMC.jpg
MYSIA, Pergamon AE 16 Pseudo-autonomous AD 40-6017 viewsReference.
RPC I, 2377; Cf. SNG France 1964-2000 (no star)

Obv. ΘEON CΥN-KΛHTON
draped bust of the Senate right, star in front

Rev. ΘEAN ΡΩ-MHN
turreted and draped bust of Rome right, star in front

3.4 gr
16 mm

extra.
Pergamon, Mysia, c. 1st - early 2nd Century A.D.
Interesting autonomous series which does not bear the name of the issuing city., However a large hoard of these coins was found near Pergamon in 1827.
okidoki
Mysia.JPG
Mysia, Pergamon AE10 Hd. of Herakles in lionskin / Hd. of Athena in crested helmet 15 viewsSG#3958. Shiny dark patina. soldAntonivs Protti
g~1.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon AE21. Athena Nicephoros / trophy17 viewsObv: Head of Athena right.
Rev: AQHNAS NIKEFOPOY, Trophy with horned helmet.
200-133 BC.
ancientone
Pergamontet.JPG
Mysia, Pergamon AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm47 viewsCista mystica with serpent; all within ivy wreath.
Bow-case with serpents, PER monogram to left, FI above, snake-entwined staff to right.
Kleiner 50, 76-67 BC.
whitetd49
9003_130_74_1.jpg
MYSIA, Pergamon AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm. Circa 166-67 BC.7 views(12.48g, 25mm, 12h.) Serpent emerging from cista mystica; all within ivy wreath / Two serpents entwined around bow and quiver; ΛY above, civic monogram to left, serpent-entwined thyrsos to right. Kleiner-Noe 16; Pinder 97; SNG France 1721.

Ruslan K
AAENb_small.png
Mysia, Pergamon 1517 viewsMysia, Pergamon

C. 200-30 BC.

15mm., 3.64g.

Laureate head of Asklepios right

AΣKΛHΠIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ. Serpent-entwined staff

References:

AAEN
RL
AAEPb_small.png
Mysia, Pergamon 1719 viewsMysia, Pergamon

C. 200-30 BC.

17mm., 3.77g.

Laureate head of Asklepios right

AΣKΛHΠIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ. Serpent-entwined staff

References:

AAEP
RL
AAERb_small.png
Mysia, Pergamon 1715 viewsMysia, Pergamon

1st century BC.

17mm., 4.66g.

Helmeted head of Athena right

Trophy consisting of helmet and cuirass

References:

AAER
RL
AAEWb_small.png
Mysia, Pergamon 1715 viewsMysia, Pergamon.

c. 200 BC -133 BC.

17mm., 2.26g.

Head of Athena right

Owl standing, wings open, on palm branch

References:

AAEW
RL
Phrygia,_Apameia_AR_Cistophoric_Tetradrachm__ca_150-140_BC_Q-001_axis-11h_27-28mm_12,64g-s.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, ( 166-160 B.C.), AR-Cistophoric-Tetradrachm, SNG von Aulock 7461, 156 viewsMysia, Pergamon, ( 166-160 B.C.), AR-Cistophoric-Tetradrachm, SNG von Aulock 7461,
avers:- No legends, Cista mystica with serpent; all within ivy wreath.
revers:- No legends, Bow-case with serpents, monogram left and amphora right.
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: 27-28mm, weight: 12,64g, axes: 11h,
mint: Mysia, Pergamon,
date: 166-160 B.C., ref: SNG von Aulock 7461,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Mysia,_Pergamon__AE-17_ca_200-0_BC_SNG_Cop_360_Q-001_0h_17mm_5,06g-s.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, (200-0 B.C.), AE-17, SNG Cop-360, ΠERΓAMH, Nike walking right,382 viewsMysia, Pergamon, (200-0 B.C.), AE-17, SNG Cop-360, ΠERΓAMH, Nike walking right,
avers: Helmeted head of Athena right, with Owl countermark.
revers: ΠERΓAMH, Nike walking right, holding wreath and palm branch.
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 5,06g, axes: 0h,
mint: Mysia, Pergamon,
date: 200-0 B.C., ref: SNG Cop-360, Weber 5182-5183, BMC 135-138, Sear Greek 3974,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Mysia,_Pergamon__Asklepios_AE-18___SNG_France_1803_SNGvA_1372,_BMC-page-129_158__after_133-BC_Q-001_11h_17,5-18mm_6,00g-s.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, (200-0 B.C.), AE-18, SNG France 1803, AΣKΛHΠIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ, Serpent entwined around omphalos,147 viewsMysia, Pergamon, (200-0 B.C.), AE-18, SNG France 1803, AΣKΛHΠIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ, Serpent entwined around omphalos,
avers: Laureate head of Asklepios right.
revers: AΣKΛHΠIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ, Serpent entwined around omphalos.
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 6,00g, axes: 11h,
mint: Mysia, Pergamon, date: after 133 B.C., ref: SNG France 1803, SNGvA 1372, BMC Mysia p-129, 158,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Mysia_Pergamon_Diobol_Herakles_Athena_Q-001_10h,10mm,_1,25x-s.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, (Early 3rd Cent. B.C.), AR-Diobol, McClean 7668, ΠERΓAMH, Cult statue of Athena facing,127 viewsMysia, Pergamon, (Early 3rd Cent. B.C.), AR-Diobol, McClean 7668, ΠERΓAMH, Cult statue of Athena facing,
avers: Head of young beardless Herakles right.
revers: ΠERΓAMH, Cult statue of Athena facing, brandishing spear and holding shield.
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: 10mm, weight: 1,25g, axes: 10h,
mint: Mysia, Pergamon,
date: Early 3rd Cent. B.C., ref: McClean 7668
Q-001
quadrans
041_Commodus_(177-192_A_D_),_AE-30___KOMMODOC___CTPDIO(L_orA)__IOEPGAMHON,_Q-001_6h_30,0mm_11,24g-s.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, 041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), Diodorus, strategus, Weisser 1110, AE-30, EΠI CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated left, holding patera feding serpent,73 viewsMysia, Pergamon, 041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), Diodorus, strategus, Weisser 1110, AE-30, EΠI-CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated left, holding patera feeding serpent,
avers:- AV-KA-AVP-ΚΟMOΔOC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- EΠI-CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated, left, feeding serpent from patera, holding staff.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 11,24g, axis: 6h,
mint: Pergamum; Asia: Conventus of Pergamum; Mysia, date: 182-184 A.D., ref: Weisser 1110,
Q-001
quadrans
pergamon_BMC142.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, BMC 14223 viewsAE - AE 20, 6.37g, 19.7mm, 330
struck 133 BC - Augustus
obv. [EPI] PERGAMOV
head of Athena, helmeted, r.
rev. PERGAMHNWN
Nike, winged, in double chiton, advancing r., holding palmbranch over l. shoulder and wreath in raised r.
hand
ref. BMC 142
abiut VF, green patina, rev. die a bit excentric
1 commentsJochen
pergamon_BMC150.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, BMC 15031 viewsPergamon, 133 BC - time of Augustus
AE 17, 2.62g
obv. Head of Asklepios r.
rev. ASKLHPIOV - SWTHROS
Temple-key entwined by snake, head r.
ref. BMC 128, 150; SNG Paris 1828
about VF, dark green patina

Usually the staff is called snake-staff. But please look at the thread 'What's this staff about?'
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=56311.0
The head of Asklepios is said to be the head of the statue of Asklepios of Phyromachos in Pergamon.
Jochen
pergamon_SNGaulock1372.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, BMC 158 #123 viewsAE 19, 9.54g, 19.49mm, 315
struck 200-133 BC
obv. Bearded head of Asklepios r.
rev. in r. and l. field ASKLHPIOY - SWTHROC (each top down)
Snake coiled around omphalos, head r.
ref. BMC Mysia, p.129, 158; SNG von Aulock 1372; SNG France 1803
about VF/F+, black-gren patina

The obv. obviously shows the head of the famous statue of Asklepios in the Asklepieion from Pergamon. This statue was made by Phyromachos.
Jochen
pergamon_BMC158_#2.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, BMC 158 #224 viewsAE 19, 8.31g, 18..9mm, 0
struck 200-133 BC
obv. Head of Asklepios, laureate, r.
rev. in r. and l. field each from top to bottom ASKLHPIOV - SWTHROC
Asklepian snake coiled around omphalos covered with agrenon, head r.
ref. BMC Mysia p.129, 158; SNG France 1803ff.; SNG von Aulock 1372; not in SNG Copenhagen
about EF, nice dark green Patina, small edge crack
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

Agrenon were woolen garlands which covered netlike the omphalos.
1 commentsJochen
pergamon_BMC176.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, BMC 17626 viewsAE - AE 21, 9.13g, 20.7mm, 30
struck 133 BC - Augustus
obv. head of Athena, helmeted, r.
rev. r. AQHNAS, l. NIKHFOROV (both top down)
Tropaion from helmet and cuirass
ref. BMC 176
about VF
Note: remarkable are the differences in the letter size
1 commentsJochen
pergamon_BMC201.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, BMC 20166 viewsAE 18, 3.08g
struck 200-133 BC (according to von Fritze)
obv. Head of Athena, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with star, hair in curls to neck.
rev. Owl with open wings, stg. facing on palmbranch, head l.
above AQH - NAC, below NIKHFOROV
in l. and r. field P - D (magistrate?)
ref. BMC 133, 201; SNG Copenhagen cf.383; SNG von Aulock cf.1375
about VF, nice contrasts

This type is part of a greater series of coins struck in honour of Athena, tutelary deity of Pergamon. Issued possibly to celebrate various victories over the Galati and the Seleucids.
3 commentsJochen
pergathbowOR.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, BMC Mysia p. 119, 5434 viewsMysia, Pergamon mint, c. 282 - 133 B.C. AE, 12mm 2.25g, BMC Mysia p. 119, 54
O: head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with a griffin
R: ΦIΛE /TAIΡOΥ, strung bow

The regal bronze coinage of Pergamon is all inscribed in the name of the dynasty's founder, Philetairos. Attribution to specific reigns is not yet possible. Forvm addendum
casata137ec
pergaskOR.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, BMC Mysia p. 128, 15030 viewsMysia, Pergamon mint, c. 133 - 16 B.C. AE, 15mm 2.08g, BMC Mysia p. 128, 150
O: laureate head of Asklepios right, ΔIOΔOPOY below (magistrate's name);
R: AΣKΛHΠIOY / ΣΩTHPOΣ, snake-encircled Asklepian staff
2 commentscasata137ec
62548q00.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, c. 133 - 67 B.C.24 viewsSilver cistophoric tetradrachm, Kleiner Pergamum 46, Pinder 115, SNG BnF 1749, SNG Cop 438, BMC Mysia -, 11.664g, 25.7mm, 0o, Pergamon mint, c. 133 - 67 B.C.; obverse cista mystica with snake, all within ivy wreath; reverse ornamented bow-case with two snakes, PA over monogram above, Pergamon monogram left, snake coiled around thyrsos right; toned

Purchased from FORVM
1 commentsSosius
cistetOR.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, Cistophoric Tetradrachm, BMC Mysia p. 126, 12343 viewsMysia, Pergamon Mint, Cistophoric Tetradrachm, c. 133-67 B.C. AR, 29.4mm 12.247g, BMC Mysia p. 126, 123
O: Cista Mystica with snake, all within ivy wreath
R: Bow-case with snakes, two monograms above, Pergamon monogram to left, thyros to right
casata137ec
pergamon_BMC221.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, pseudo-autonomous, BMC 22128 viewsAE 19, 2.72g
struck late 1st-mid 2nd century
obv. QEON CYN - KLHTON
Bust of Senate, draped, r.
rev. QEAN - [RWMHN]
Head of Roma, wearing mural crown, r.
Monogram in r, field
Forni 20; BMC Mysia p.135, no.221 (time of Augustus to Hadrian)
VF
Jochen
pergamon_SNGpost182.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, pseudo-autonomous, SNG Post 18245 viewsAE 17, 3.4g
struck end of 1st century - midth of 2nd century
obv. QEON CVN - KLHTON
Bust of youthfull Senate, draped, r.
rev. QEAN RW - MHN
Bust of Roma, draped and turreted, r.
BMC 205; SNG Post 182 (1 ex.); cp. Fritze, Pergamon vol.3, 18 (2 ex.); coll. BM (2 ex.)
very rare, VF

Thanks to Marius and Pscipio for the attribution!
Jochen
Perge_Roma_Telesphoros_AE16_2_87g.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, Roma / Telesphoros, AE1665 views16mm, 2.87g
Mysia, Pergamon; 1st century AD; Pollionos magistrate
obv: ΠЄΡΓΑΜ[ΗΝΩΝ], helmeted head Roma right
rev: EΠI CTP ΠOΛΛIΩ, Telesphoros standing facing
Cf. SNG BN Paris 1961

ex Tom Vossen
areich
pergamonOR.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, SGCV II 3956 38 viewsPergamon, Mysia, c. 300 - 284 B.C. AE, 18mm 4.15g, SGCV II 3956
O: Helmeted head of Athena left, wreathed with olive leaves
R: Confronted bull heads, ΠEPΓ below
casata137ec
pergamon_SNGcop377-379.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, SNG Copenhagen 377-37913 viewsPergamon, 200-133 BC
AE 23, 7.35g, 22.83mm, 315
obv.laureate head of Asklepios r.
rev. Eagle with open wings on thunderbolt l., head r.
in upper fields P - E[R], below G - A
in ex. MHNWN (NWN ligate)
ref. SNG Copenhagen 377-379; SNG von Aulock 1380-1382; BMC MYsia 144-149; Lindgren I 294-295
F+/F, brown patina, worn

The portrait matched the head of the famous statue of Asklepios made by Phyromachos.
Jochen
pergamon_3_k.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, Time of Caligula to Nero7 views15, 3.0g, 12h; AD 40-60
Obv.: ΘԐON PΩMHN; Bust of Roma with mural crown right.
Rev.: ΘԐON CYNKΛHTON; Laureate bust of Senate right.
Reference: RPC 2374; SNG Aul.1385 / 17-48-57
John Anthony
sen_rom_perg_40_to_60.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON--AUTONOMOUS SERIES4 viewsca 40 - 60 AD
AE 16 mm, 3.15 g
O: ΘEON CYN−KΛHTON, draped bust of the Senate right
R: ΘEAN PΩ−MHN, turreted and draped bust of Roma right
Mysia, Pergamon mint; cf , RPC I 2374; BMC Mysia p. 134, 205; SGICV 4910
laney
Cisto_k.jpg
MYSIA, Pergamon.17 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 29mm 12.5, 12h; Cistophoric standard, c. 104-98 BC.
Obv.: Cista mystica with serpent; all within ivy wreath.
Rev.: Bow case with serpents; above, KP above prytaneis monogram, civic monogram to left, serpent-entwined staff to right.
Reference: Kleiner, Hoard 36; SNG France 1740 (same obv. die); SNG Cop 433 / 17-143-175
1 commentsJohn Anthony
E687C78E-249C-452E-9DE6-C899C237591F.jpeg
MYSIA, Pergamon.8 viewsMYSIA, Pergamon. Early-mid 2nd century BC. Helmeted head of Athena right / Owl standing facing on palm frond. SNG BN 19004.ecoli
FC388E87-21A2-4E7D-B763-257EF36FF97E.jpeg
MYSIA, Pergamon.5 views Pergamon AE, 2nd-1st Century BC
Pergamon , Mysia. AE15 (4.15 g), c. 2nd to 1st Century BC.
Obv. Laureate head of Asklepios right.
Rev. Serpent-entwined staff.
SNG BN 1857; BMC p. 130, 164.
ecoli
pergamonAE10.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon. AE1028 viewsBronze AE 10, SGCV II 3958, BMC Mysia p. 112, 22, aVF, Pergamon mint, c. 300 B.C.; obverse head of young Herakles right wearing lion's head; reverse ΠEΡ, head of Athena right in crested helmetancientone
pergamon~0.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon. Ae (310-282 BC).25 viewsObv: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev: ΠΕΡΓΑ. Forepart of bull right; to left, owl standing right, head facing; ivy leaf above.
SNG France 1572.
ancientone
pergamon.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon. AE14. Philatairos25 viewsObv: Head of Athena right incrested helmet, ornamented with griffin.
Rev: Coiled serpent right, MY monogram to left, ΦΙΛΕΤΑΙΡΟΥ to right.
BMC 76-77.
ancientone
pergamoneagle.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon. AE20 Magistrate Seleukos57 viewsMysia, Pergamon. AE20 Magistrate Seleukos.
Obv. Zeus bust Right. SELEYK.. below.
Rev. Eagle on lightning bolt, looking back surrounded by PERGA.
SNG v. Aulock 7491; SNG Cop. 378. BMC 149.
ancientone
PergamonEphesosCommodus.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon. Alliance with Ephesos. AE34 of Commodus81 viewsObv: laureate-headed bust of Commodus (short beard) wearing cuirass and paludamentum, r.
Rev: to l., Asclepius standing, facing, (head, r.), holding serpent-staff; to r., cult statue of Artemis of Ephesus standing, facing, wearing kalathos, having supports.
34mm and 20.8g.
Howgego 70, Caracalla laureate, and reported on 114 coins from Pergamum.
Howgego 811 meaning revalued to 6 assarii, and reported on
32 coins from Ephesus.

ancientone
Pergamon_Bronze.jpg
Mysia, Pergamum Bronze35 viewsBronze AE 18, SNG Cop 359, VF, Pergamon mint, c. 200 - 133 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena? right; reverse PERGAMHNWN, Nike standing right, extending wreath in right, palm over shoulder in left; very nice dark green patina; Philoromaos
pergamonserpent.jpg
Mysia, Pergamum. AE16. Athena / bearded serpent27 viewsMysia, Pergamum, Anonymous AE16. 282-133 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right / FILETAIPOV, Coiled & bearded serpent right, monogram left. SG 7228.ancientone
pergamon_Kleiner9.jpg
Mysia, Pergmon, Kleiner 919 viewsAR - Cistophoric tetradrachm, 12.33g, 27.8mm, 0
Pergamon, c. 104-98 BC
obv. Cista mystica with half open lid, from which a snake emerges left, all within wreath of ivy
leaves and berries
rev. 2 snakes with heads erect, flanking bow in bow-case ornamented with an apluster
ATP monogram above case between heads of snakeds, Pergamon monogram l., snake
coiled around thyrsos right
ref. Kleiner Pergamon 9; Pindar; SNG BnF -; SN Copenhagen -; SNG von Aulock -; BMC Mysia -;
Very rare, VF, toned, areas flatly struck, small encrustations, small closed flan crack, bumps and marks

Missing from most references and collections, only 1 ex. on coin archives. From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!
1 commentsJochen
Mysia_Priapos_Apollo_Crab_Krebs_Q-001_7h,_11_mm,_1,37_gx-s.jpg
Mysia, Priapos, (300-200 B.C.), AE-11, SNG von Aulock 7526, A above, ΠΡI below, Crab.141 viewsMysia, Priapos, (300-200 B.C.), AE-11, SNG von Aulock 7526, A above, ΠΡI below, Crab.
avers: Laureate head of Apollo right.
revers: A above, ΠΡI below, Crab.
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: 1,34g, axes:7h,
mint: Mysia, Pergamon,
date: 300-200 B.C., ref: SNG von Aulock 7526, Winterthur 2680.,
Q-001
quadrans
New_Project_(1).jpg
MYSIA,Pergamon (200 - 133 B.C.)53 views16
O: Helmeted head of Athena right.
R: AΘΗ-ΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ, owl standing facing on palm, with wings spread, A monogram left and AP right.
3.6g
16mm
SNG von Aulock 1375-6 var; SNG Copenhagen 388 var
6 commentsMat
GRK_Mysia_Pergamon_Sear_3971.jpg
Mysia. Pergamon14 viewsSear 3971 var. (size); SNG France 1856-58 (Pergamon); SNG BN 1855; Butcher 12i

AE 17, struck 2nd to 1st centuries B.C., 17.51 mm. max, 4.14 g, 0

Obv.: Bust of Asklepios right.

Rev.: Snake coiled around upright staff.

These anepigraphic coins were traditionally attributed to Pergamum. However, Kevin Butcher recently concluded that they are tesserae of either Antiochene or of north Syrian origin issued for use at the temple of Asklepios constructed on the slope of Mt. Silpius during the reign of Domitian (81-96 A.D.).
Stkp
GRK_Mysia_Pergamon_Sear_3960_var.jpg
Mysia. Pergamon12 viewsSear 3960 var. (no monogram); SNG France 1875-79; SNG Copenhagen 393-95.

AE unit, struck circa 133-127 B.C., 5.43 g., 19,58 mm. max, 0

Obv.: Head of Athena right wearing crested Corinthian helmet.

Rev.: ΑΘΗΝΑΣ -- ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡ[ΟY] around trophy consisting of captured arms (spiked helmet and cuirass).
Stkp
Pergammon.jpg
Mysia. Kings of Pergamon. Eumenes I AR Tetradrachm.89 viewsStruck circa 263-255/50 BC (30mm, 17.02g, 2h). Westermark Group III, obv. die V.XXIV; SNG France 1606-9; SNG von Aulock 1355 (same obverse die); SNG Copenhagen 334. Obverse: Head of Philetairos right, wearing laurel wreath bound with a broad ribbon with wide hemmed borders. Reverse: ΦIΛETAIPOY in right field, Athena enthroned left, right hand resting on shield set at her feet, left elbow resting on small sphinx seated right; transverse spear in background, ivy leaf above knee, monogram on throne, bow to right. EF, toned. High relief portrait.

Ex CNG: Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX.1 Spring 2014 lot 929022.

The coinage of Pergamon under Eumenes I crystalized the design of the kingdoms tetradrachmai for almost 100 years. It features on the obverse a realistic portrait of the eunuch Philetairos, who was initially a treasurer for the diadoch Lysimachos. He entrusted to the eunuch 6000 talents of silver (and gold) for safekeeping in Sardis. However, Philetairos switched allegiance to Seleukos shortly before the Battle of Korupedion in 281 BC, when Seleukos defeated Lysimachos. Seleukos, in turn, was assassinated roughly a year later. The newly created kingdom enjoyed autonomy from the Seleukids and the fortress city of Pergamon was built with Philetairos as its king, although he was never publicly crowned as such. Philetairos coined at least three different types of tetradrachmai, which were influenced by his allegiance to different rulers. First, he minted Lysimachos-type coins for his master Lysimachos. After the latters defeat and death he next minted coins of the Alexander-type either with the legend Alexandrou or Seleukou. Lastly, in a show of self-assurance and independence, he minted coins with the obverse portrait of Seleukos and the reverse directly copied from the earlier Lysimachos-type coin with Athena seated. However, the similarity ends there: instead of putting a dominating diadochs name, he boldly put his name on the coins. After his death, the administration passed on to his adopted nephew Eumenes I. The new ruler was able to liberate his realm from the dominion of the Seleukids when he revolted, at the instigation of Ptolemy II of Egypt, and rather unexpectedly, defeated Antiochos I in Sardis in 261 BC. He greatly expanded his territory and founded several cities. His coinage initiated a type which showed a highly realistic and unflattering portrait of his predecessor Philetairos and showed him as diademed, heavy-set and ostensibly obese whose face dominates the whole space of the obverse of the coin. At this point, there is no need of legitimizing current rulers by reference to Alexander. They could either put their own portraits or the likeness of the founder of a dynasty which they belong. This would eventually become the norm for most coins of third century BC Hellenistic kingdoms. The design on Eumenes coins would remain unchanged for the next century and would be adopted by succeeding rulers Attalos I ((241-197 BC) and Eumenes II (197-160 BC). It was estimated that it required 200 obverse dies to mint the coins during those span of time of its existence. As for any long-lived (and much copied) designs of any ancient coin (i.e. coins of Phillip II, Alexander III and Lysimachos), the various Philetairou-type coins could be assigned to a particular ruler according to symbols and monograms and level of artistry.
6 commentsJason T
Mysia,_Pergamon_(2).jpg
MYSIA. Pergamon. Ae (Circa 200-133 BC).24 viewsObv: Helmeted head of Athena right; helmet decorated with star.
Rev: ΑΘΗ - ΝΑΣ / ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ.
Owl standing facing, wings spread, on palm branch.
SNG France 1920-2.
20mm, 3.92 Grams
2 commentsJBGood
diobol.jpg
Mysia. Pergamon. Ar diobol. 310-283 BC. 53 viewsObv; Hd of Herakles in lion skin headdress.
Rev; Palladium with spear and shield.
BMC 8.
Reverse a little off center but good silver and detail.
1.32g. 10mm.
2 commentsAdrian S
image00310.jpg
MYSIA. Pergamon. Circa 166-67 BC. Cistophoric Tetradrachm.4 views(Silver, 27 mm, 12.49 g, 11 h),
c. 92-88. Basket (cista mystica) from which snake coils; around, ivy wreath with fruits.
Rev. Two snakes coiled around a bow case; to left, ?EP? monogram; to right, serpent-entwined staff of Asclepius; between snakes' heads,
A? above monogram of ?PYT. Kleiner, Hoard 29. SNG France -.
Ruslan K
image00309.jpg
MYSIA. Pergamon. Circa 166-67 BC. Cistophoric Tetradrachm.73 views(Silver, 27 mm, 12.50 g, 12 h), c. 92-88.
Basket (cista mystica) from which snake coils; around, ivy wreath with fruits.
Rev. Two snakes coiled around a bow case; to left, ?EP? monogram; to right, serpent-entwined staff of Asclepius; between snakes' heads,
EY above monogram of ?PYT. Kleiner, Hoard 33. SNG France 1736-7.
2 commentsRuslan K
IMG_2402.JPG
MYSIA: Pergamon8 viewsMYSIA, Pergamon. Circa 133-27 BC. 19mm. Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Rev: Owl standing facing on palm frond. SNG France 1900-4.Molinari
IMG_2401.JPG
MYSIA: Pergamon9 viewsMYSIA, Pergamon. Circa 188-133 BC. 19mm. Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Rev: ΑΘΗΝΑΣ/ NIKHΦΟΡΟΥ, trophy; monogram to right, below. SNG France 1880; SNG Copenhagen 393; SNG von Aulock 1374. Molinari
IMG_2400.JPG
MYSIA: Pergamon7 viewsMysia, Pergamon; c. 2nd-1st Cent. BC; AE 20.Helmeted head of Athena, DIODWPOY below/Nike crowning PERGAMHNWN. BMC Mysia, 135-6.Molinari
IMG_2399.JPG
MYSIA: Pergamon7 viewsMysia, Pergamon, ca. 284-138 BC, AE 16. Apollo facing right / FILETAIPOY above thyrsos. DHN 534 var.Molinari
IMG_2403.JPG
MYSIA: Pergamon9 viewsMYSIA, Pergamon. Circa 133-27 BC. 16mm, Demetrios, magistrate. Obv: Laureate head of Asklepios right. Rev: Serpent-entwined staff of Asklepios. SNG France 1828 ff.Molinari
w1249.jpg
Owl141 viewsMysia, Pergamon, 2nd cent. B.C. AE-19 mm, 7.63 grs. AV: Head of Asclepios to right. RV: ASKLEPIOU / SOTHROS either side of Asclepian snake coild round omphalos. Round CM: Owl sitting to right. Collection: Mueller.Automan
p_owl_1.jpg
Owl countermark (1)28 viewsOwl countermarks are commonly found on worn bronze from Pergamon, struck c. 200 - 100 B.C., with a bearded head of Zeus right on the obverse and a snake around omphalos reverse. It seems likely that these two coins were originally struck at Pergamon and that the countermarks were also made at Pergamon. ex FORVMPodiceps
p_owl2.jpg
Owl countermark (2)15 viewsOwl countermarks are commonly found on worn bronze from Pergamon, struck c. 200 - 100 B.C., with a bearded head of Zeus right on the obverse and a snake around omphalos reverse. It seems likely that these two coins were originally struck at Pergamon and that the countermarks were also made at Pergamon. ex FORVMPodiceps
Parthia_1a_img.jpg
Parthian Kingdom, Mithradataes II, Ar drachm36 viewsSilver drachm
Obv: Bare-headed, long-bearded, diademed bust of King left, wearing earring and torque, dotted border around
Rev: King (Arsakes I?)seated right on throne, holding bow, Greek legend in 5 lines around
Minted in Rhagae ?, Pergamon, 123-88 B.C.
Reference: Sellwood 27.1. Shore 85.

Weight 3.86g. 20.62mm.
maridvnvm
c14.jpg
Pergamene Kingdom60 viewsPergamene Kingdom, 282 - 133 B.C.

The regal bronze coinage of Pergamon is all inscribed in the name of the dynasty's founder, Philetairos. Attribution to specific reigns is not yet possible.

Bronze AE 15, cf. SGCV II 7228 (magistrate on obverse), aVF, Pergamon mint,282 - 133 B.C.;

obverse helmeted head of Athena right, magistrate's name below; reverse ΦIΛETAIΡOΥ, coiled snake right;
ecoli
Pergamene_1a_img.jpg
Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos, AR tetradrachm, 282-263 B.C.37 viewsObv: Laureate head of Philetaurus right
Rev: FILETAIPOY, Athena seated left, left elbow resting on shield set on ground behind, holding wreath in right hand above legend; grape bunch in outer left field; strung bow in right field
Minted in Mysia, Pergamon, 241 - 197 B.C.
Reference: Westermark Group IV B, SNG Cop 336, SNG von Aulock 1358.

Weight 16.74g. 31.69mm.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Pergamon_Mysia_Herakles_and_Athena.JPG
Pergamom Mysia Herakles and Athena18 viewsGREEK, PERGAMON, MYSIA, 300 BC, A10 , 1.20 gm, 11 mm, OBV : HEAD OF YOUNG HERAKLES IN LION SKIN / REV :
ATHENA IN CRESTED HELMET , REF : SG 3958 , PI 800, G 1658 , VF .

Per Forvm:
MYSIA, Pergamon. Circa 310-282 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Helmeted head of Athena right. SNG France 1595-6; SNG
Copenhagen 323-4.
Romanorvm
Pergamonacrop.jpg
Pergamon54 viewsThe oldest section of Pergamon, the acropolis or upper city, sits on an impressive steep ridge between two tributaries of the Caicus river. The ridge is naturally fortified on all but the S side which slopes down to the Caicus valley floor. The Caicus valley provides access from Pergamon to the Aegean coast and the port town of Elaea in the W and the Persian Royal Road to the E.

The upper city, which was fortified in the 4th or 3rd century B.C. contains the 3rd century Sanctuary of Athena, the oldest cult center of the city as well as palace quarters, barracks, and arsenals. In the 2nd century B.C. the 10,000 seat theater, the library adjacent to the Sanctuary of Athena, and the Great Altar of Zeus and Athena were added. In the 2nd century A.D. the monumental Trajaneum was erected on what must have been an earlier unknown cult center. From the upper agora a paved main street leads S and downslope to the middle city.

The city of Pergamon began to extend down the S slope in the 3rd century B.C. and during the 2nd century a massive building program completely transformed the entire lower slope. The major construction in the area was the gigantic gymnasium complex which extended down three large terraces linked by vaulted stairways and passages. The complex encorporated three open training courts, a covered track or xystus, a small theater or odeum, several shrines, and two large baths. Other major sections of the middle city included the Sanctuary of Demeter and Kore and, below the gymnasium along the main street leading to the Eumenes' Gate, the lower agora. North and E of the gymnasium massive terraces support the streets and houses of the residential quarter. In the first half of the 2nd century B.C. Eumenes II strengthened the entire fortification system of Pergamon and enclosed all of the middle city, which extended almost to the base of the south slope, within the new walls.

During the Roman Imperial period the city continued to expand southward and spread over the plain and the area occuppied by modern Bergama. The large Sanctuary of the Egyptian Gods (the "Kizil Avlu"), numerous bridges, and remains of the Roman stadium, theater, and amphitheater remain visible today.

Pergamon emerged as a power during the struggle for territorial control following the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. By the middle of the 3rd century Pergamon had been established as an independent state under the leadership of the Attalid dynasty. The power of the Attalids and the city grew as a result of successful battles against the Gauls of central Anatolia and careful political alliances with Rome.

The peak period of Pergamene power and achievement was reached during the reign of Eumenes II (197-159 B.C.). The kingdom had grown to include most of western Anatolia and was rich in agriculture and industry. Noted industrial exports included textiles, fine pottery, and "Pergamene paper" or parchment. The last industry developed when Ptolemy, reportedly jealous of the growing fame of the library in Pergamon, prohibited the export of papyrus from Egypt. Eumenes II enlarged the city of Pergamon to include all of the southern slope and enclosed the city with a new and stronger fortification wall. In addition to the major new constructions in the lower city Eumenes also commissioned the Great Altar of Zeus and Athena, the theater, and the new library in the upper city.

In the 2nd century B.C. Pergamon rivalled Athens and Alexandria as centers of Hellenic culture. The city possessed one of the greatest libraries of antiquity, monumental gymnasia, and numerous religious sanctuaries, including the Asklepion outside the city walls. Pergamon was a haven for noted philosophers and artists and was the center of a major movement in Hellenistic sculpture. The Attalids supported the arts and learning in Pergamon and elsewhere and made major donations, such as the Stoa of Attalos II in Athens.

The last Attalid ruler, Attalos III, bequeathed the kingdom of Pergamon to Rome in 133 B.C. During Roman rule the prosperity of Pergamon continued and the city had a period of commercial expansion. The city itself expanded to the plain S and W of the acropolis across the flat land now occuppied by modern Bergama.

See: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/siteindex?lookup=Pergamon

Cleisthenes
g_058.JPG
Pergamon28 viewsMysia,Pergamon
Diobol 330-284 B.C
Obverse:Head of Herakles wearing lions skin
Reverse:ΠΕΡΓΑ;Palladion facing facing, holding spear and shield

1.25gm 12.02mm

Sear 3944

Similar with Alexanders obverse type.

Lifetime of Alexander
1 commentsmaik
3B2BDEF0-2B5A-4442-8DB6-BB7F7885EDF0.jpeg
PERGAMON (Mysia) AE16. EF. Athena - Heads of Bull. Circa 310-282 BC.32 viewsObverse: Helmeted and laureate head of Athena left.
Reverse: ΠEΡΓA. Confronted heads of bulls; ivy leaf above.

EF condition, conserving full details in both sides, very bold reliefs and a nice green patina totally natural.

SNG BN 1577-85 var. Pergamon (Mysia), Circa 310-282 BC. 4,0 g - 16 mm
1 commentsMark R1
60334661-7240-4DE7-846F-C5FF89F70C0B.jpeg
PERGAMON (Mysia) AE18. EF-/EF. Athena Nikoforos - Trophy of arms.27 viewsObverse: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Reverse: AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOΡOΥ. Trophy of arms.

Excellent exemplar of pergamente bronze, in EF-/EF condition (very few circullated), conserving full details in both sides, very bold reliefs checkable at photo and precious green patina.

SNG Cop 396. Pergamon mint, 2nd Century b.C. 6,9 g - 18 mm
1 commentsMark R1
Pergamon_Roma.jpg
Pergamon - AE 1618 viewsreverse brockage !

c. 98-138 AD
incuse reverse
draped turreted bust of Roma right
ΘEAN PΩ_MHN
crescent
RPC III, 1750, Lindgren III 277; SNGCop 446; BMC 213
2,38g

obverse:
draped bust of Senate right
ΘEON CYNKLHTON
Johny SYSEL
Pergamon_Asclepius.jpg
Pergamon - AE 1724 views133-16 BC
head of Asclepius right
a serpent-entwined staff
ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ / ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ
Sear #3971
3,98g 17mm
Johny SYSEL
576_Pergamon_owl.JPG
Pergamon - AE 174 views200-133 BC
helmeted head of Athena right
owl standing facing on palm branch, wings open
AΘH_NAΣ / NIKHΦOPOY
monogram ? _ monogram ?
SGCV II 3962, SNG Cop 384 ff
2,19g
Johny SYSEL
Pergamon.jpg
Pergamon - AE 217 viewsc. 2nd century BC
head of Athena right wearing Corinthian helmet
trophy
AΘHNAΣ / NIKHΦOPOY
ΠEPΓ ?
Sear 3960; SNGCop 393ff, SNGvA 1374
5,56g
Johny SYSEL
Pergamon_cistophoric_tetra.jpg
Pergamon - AR cistophoric tetradrachm6 views76-67 BC
snake emerging from cista mystica, all in ivy wreath
coiled snakes, flanking ornamented bow-case, thyrsos right
MOΣ / (ΠYP)
(ΠEP)
Kleiner, Hoard 44; Pinder 124 var. (monogram in wreath); SNG France 1748 var. (same)
Johny SYSEL
pergamon_01.jpg
Pergamon AR Diobol25 viewsObv: Head of Heracles r., wearing lion's skin.
Rev: ΠEPΓA - Facing palladium.
Weight: 1.24g
Year: 310-284
Ref: SNG Cop 319
oa
pergamon.jpg
Pergamon Cistophoric Tetradrachm48 viewsPergamon Cistophoric Tetradrachm Cista mystica containing serpent all within ivy-wreath / Bowcase between two serpents and monograms. Adrian S
PERGAMON_MYSIA_2.jpg
PERGAMON MYSIA AE1522 viewsOBVERSE: Helmeted head of Athena right
REVERSE: Head and neck of a bull right "A" above
Struck at Mysia, Pergamon 310-283 BC
3.09g, 15mm
SNG France 1571.
Ex Malloy Auction LXVII,93
Ex Aegean Numismatics
Legatus
Pergamon_Mysia_Athena_and_Owl.JPG
Pergamon Mysia Athena and Owl 29 viewsBronze AE 12, SNG Cop 382, VF, 1.113g, 13.4mm, 0o, Pergamon mint, c. 200 - 133 B.C.; obverse head Athena right wearing crested helmet with star, hair in curls down neck; reverse "AQHNAS / NIKHFOROU", owl with wings closed facing, all within wreath;

Ex Forvm Ancient Coins
Romanorvm
pll2.jpg
Pergamon owl 135 viewsAsia Minor/Mysia/ Pergamon, Mysia, c. 200 - 133 B.C. SGCV II 3962 - var; BMC Mysia p. 133, 202 var Pergamon mint; obverse head Athena right wearing crested helmet with star, hair in curls down neck; reverse AQH-NAS / NIKHFOROU, owl standing facing on palm frond, wings spread, monograms at sides; ex FORVM1 commentskaitsuburi
uggla2.jpg
Pergamon owl 225 viewsAsia Minor/Mysia/ Pergamon, Mysia, c. 200 - 133 B.C. SGCV II 3962 - var; BMC Mysia p. 133, 202 var Pergamon mint; obverse head Athena right wearing crested helmet with star, hair in curls down neck; reverse AQH-NAS / NIKHFOROU, owl standing facing on palm frond, wings spread, monograms at sideskaitsuburi
uggla.jpg
Pergamon owl 327 viewsAsia Minor/Mysia/ Pergamon, Mysia, c. 200 - 133 B.C. SGCV II 3962 - var; BMC Mysia p. 133, 202 var Pergamon mint; obverse head Athena right wearing crested helmet with star, hair in curls down neck; reverse AQH-NAS / NIKHFOROU, owl standing facing on palm frond, wings spread, monograms at sides. ex FORVMkaitsuburi
pll3.jpg
Pergamon owl 422 viewsAsia Minor/Mysia/ Pergamon, Mysia, c. 200 - 133 B.C. SGCV II 3962 - var; BMC Mysia p. 133, 202 var Pergamon mint; obverse head Athena right wearing crested helmet with star, hair in curls down neck; reverse AQH-NAS / NIKHFOROU, owl standing facing on palm frond, wings spread, monograms at sides. ex FORVMkaitsuburi
Pergamon_Roma_and_Senate_Busts.jpg
Pergamon Roma and Senate Busts26 viewsPergamon, Mysia, Pseudo-Autonomous - struck under Domitian, 81 - 96 AD, 17mm, 3.9g, RPC II 923, Sear 4910
OBV: ΘΕΟΝCΥΝ ΚΛΗΤΟΝ, draped diademed bust of the Roman Senate right.
REV: ΘΕΑNΡW ΜΗN, draped bust of Roma right
Romanorvm
Trajan_Pergamon_Tyche.jpg
Pergamon Tyche12 viewsObv: Laur r., dr.
Rev: ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ
Tyche standing l., holding patera and cornucopiae, monogram

4,0g, 18mm

SNG Cop. 473
klausklage
024.JPG
Pergamon, Mysia64 views200 133 B.C.
Bronze AE 17
2.83 gm, 17 mm
Obv.: Head of Athena right wearing crested helmet ornamented with star, hair in curls down neck
Rev.: AΘH-NAΣ / NIKHΦOΡOΥ above and below owl with wings spread, facing, atop palm frond; AP monogram left, HM monogram right
Sear 3963 var.; BMC Mysia p. 133, 202; SNG Cop 388.
2 commentsJaimelai
4470.jpg
Pergamon, Mysia62 viewsBronze coin
Pergamon, Mysia
133 B C - Augustus
Head of Athena r.
AQHNAS NIKHFOROU
Owl on palm branch
3.36 gram
17.6 mm
BMC 133, 195.
3 commentscwonsidler
coins70.JPG
Pergamon, Mysia33 viewsPergamon or Pergamum (Greek: Πέργαμος, modern day Bergama in Turkey, 397′N 2711′E) was an ancient Greek city, in Mysia, northwestern Anatolia, 16 miles from the Aegean Sea, located on a promontory on the north side of the river Caicus (modern day Bakıray), that became an important kingdom during the Hellenistic period, under the Attalid dynasty, 282-129 BC. G34

The Attalids, the descendants of Attalus, the father of Philetaerus who came to power in 282 BC, were among the most loyal supporters of Rome among the Hellenistic successor states. Under Attalus I, they allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon, during the first and second Macedonian Wars, and again under Eumenes II, against Perseus of Macedon, during the Third Macedonian War. For support against the Seleucids, the Attalids were rewarded with all the former Seleucid domains in Asia Minor.

The Attalids ruled with intelligence and generosity. Many documents survive showing how the Attalids would support the growth of towns through sending in skilled artisans and by remitting taxes. They allowed the Greek cities in their domains to maintain nominal independence. They sent gifts to Greek cultural sites like Delphi, Delos, and Athens. They defeated the invading Celts. They remodeled the acropolis of Pergamum after the Acropolis in Athens. The Great Altar of Pergamon is in the Pergamon Museum of Berlin.

Pergamon had the second best library in the ancient Greek civilisation, after Alexandria. When the Ptolemies stopped exporting papyrus, partly because of competitors and partly because of shortages, the Pergamenes invented a new substance to use in codices, called pergaminus or parchment after the city. This was made of fine calf skin, a predecessor of vellum.

When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 BC he bequeathed Pergamon to Rome, in order to prevent a civil war.

Close to the city was a sanctuary of Asclepius, the god of healing. In this place people with health problems could bath in the water of the sacred spring, and in the patients' dreams Asklepios would appear in a vision to tell them how to cure their illness. Archeology has found lots of gifts and dedications that people would make afterwards, such as small terracotta body parts, no doubt representing what had been healed.

In the first century AD, the Christian Church at Pergamon was one of the Seven Churches to which the Book of Revelation was addressed (Revelation 1:11, NRSV).

Pergamon, Mysia, struck by Philetairos, 282-263 BC.
Obv: head of athena wearing attic helmet right.
Rev: FILETAIROU, Asklepios seated left, feeding snake from patera.
SNG BN 1643 ff.

ecoli
Trajan_Pergamon.jpg
Pergamon, Mysia11 viewsHead of Zeus Philios laur.
17mm, 2.35g
SNG France 2067 ff.
klausklage
14440LG.jpg
Pergamon, Mysia17 viewsBronze coin
Pergamon, Mysia
310 - 284 BC
Head of Alexander III. r.
PER
Head of Athena r.
1.34 gram
10.1 mm
BMC 112, 22

Ex Gerhard Rohde
Philoromaos
Perg_5.jpg
Pergamon, Mysia38 views310 284 B.C.
Bronze AE 10
0.94 gm, 10 mm
Obv.: Head of Athena right wearing crested Attic helmet
Rev.: Two Stars, Θ above, ΠΕΡΓ below
Sear 3959;
BMC Mysia p. 112, 24;
1 commentsJaimelai
447181.JPG
Pergamon, Mysia31 views200 133 B.C.
Bronze AE 18
5.90 gm, 18.5 mm
Obv.: Head of Athena right wearing crested helmet
Rev.: AΘHNAΣ / NIKHΦOΡOΥ either side of trophy of arms
Sear 3960var; BMC Mysia p.131, 180-2; (SNG Cop 398-9)
1 commentsJaimelai
IMG_0087.JPG
Pergamon, Mysia5 viewsMYSIA, Pergamon. Circa 450 BC. (9mm, 0.83 g, 3h). Laureate head of Apollo right / Confronted bulls head SNG France 1551ecoli
pjimage_(5)_(1).jpg
Pergamon, Mysia6 viewsAE20, 200-133 BC
Obverse: Bust of Athena right wearing triple crested helmet
Reverse: AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOΡOY, trophy of armor, monogram to left and lower right.
References: SNG Cop 393, SNG vA 1374.
Justin L
Trajan_Pergamon_Temple.jpg
Pergamon, Mysia1 viewsAE 21
Obv: ΑΥ ΝЄΡ ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟΝ ΚΑΙСΑP
laureate head right
Rev: ΠЄΡΑΜΗΝΩΝ
tetrastyle temple of Augustus within which emperor standing facing, resting on spear; in pediment, pellet, in exergue, monogram.

RPC III 1706 ; SNG France 5, 2062
18mm, 3.96g
klausklage
MYSIA_Pergamon_1.jpg
PERGAMON, MYSIA AE207 viewsOBVERSE: Bust of Athena right wearing triple crested helmet
REVERSE: AQHNAS NIKHFOPOY, trophy of armor, PERG monogram to lower right
Struck at Pergamon 133-27 BC
4.11g, 20mm
SNG France 1880-2
Legatus
greek-pergamon-mysia-athena.jpg
Pergamon, Mysia (c.133-127 BC) AE1932 viewsAncient Greek, Pergamon, Mysia (c.133-127 BC) AE19, 7.03g, 19mm

Obverse: No legend. Helmeted head of Athena right.

Reverse: AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOPOΥ, Armored trophy consisting of helmet and cuirass, monogram field mark right and partially off flan.

Reference: SNG Von Aulock 1374

Ex: Sphinx Numismatics
Gil-galad
sht_011.JPG
Pergamon, Mysia - Athena & Trophy of armor36 viewsPergamon, Mysia, 2nd century BC
O: Athena helmeted right.
R: Trophy of armor
6.5 g 20 mm
sng cop 393 sold :)
3900
1 commentsAntonio Protti
Pergamon_-_Mysia.jpg
Pergamon, Mysia 200-133 BC.8 viewsPergamon, Mysia, 200-133 BC. Ae(17.3 - 20.5), Weight 8.40g. Obv: Bearded head of Asklepios right. reverse AΣKΛHΠIOΥ / ΣΩTHΡOΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around omphalos. ΠΑ monogram left. SNG Tuebingen 2414.ddwau
Pergamon,_Mysia,_AE12_(200-133_BCE).png
Pergamon, Mysia, AE12 (200-133 BCE) 25 viewsObv.: Helmeted head of Athena Rev.: [FI]LETAIR[OU] (Ivy leaf) Weight: 1.96 g SNG Cop 351; SNG Stockholm 2089-2090.

My first Greek coin, a birthday gift.
Nick.vdw
0312_0313.jpg
Pergamon, Mysia, AE17,ΘΕΟΝ ΓΩ ΜΗΝ3 viewsAE17
Pergamon, Mysia
Roman Provincial Civic Coinage
Issued: 1st Century AD
17.4mm 3.26gr
O: ΘΕΟΝ CΥΝ ΚΛΗΤΟΝ; Youthful draped bust of the Roman senate, right.
R: ΘΕΛΝ ΓΩ ΜΗΝ; Draped bust of Roma, right, no tresses on neck.
MNC 205; RPC 2374; Sear GIC 4910.
bronzemat
5/20/16 1/21/17
Nicholas Z
45b9_1.JPG
Pergamon, Mysia, c. 2nd Century B.C.40 viewsBronze AE 23, SNG Von Aulock 1374; SNG Cop 396; SNG France 1875; BMC Mysia p. 131, 172 ff., VF, Pergamon mint, obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse AQHNAS NIKHFOROU, trophy of arms, Pergamon monogram lower right; green patinaAdrian S
4147_4148.jpg
Pergamon, Mysia, Chalkoi, Head of Herakles, right.8 viewsAE Chalkoi
Pergamon, Mysia
Greece
ca. 300BC
10.4mm 0.90gr
O: NO LEGEND; Head of Athena, right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet.
R: NO LEGEND; Head of Herakles, right, wearing lionskin headdress.
BMC 22; Sear 3958.
coin.ages 132138333225
4/1/17 4/17/17
Nicholas Z
Pergamon_Mysia_Herakles_Athena_AE10_0.84g_lr.jpg
Pergamon, Mysia, Herakles / Athena, AE1021 viewsPergamon, Mysia, ca. 300 BC
AE10, 0.84g
obv: head of Herakles right, wearing lion-skin headdress
rev: head of Athena right, wearing crested helmet, ΠEP below

BMC 33, SNG Cop 323
areich
3940_(1)_3941_(1).jpg
Pergamon, Mysia, Unit, ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ8 viewsAE Unit
Pergamon, Mysia
2nd - 1st Centuries BC
21.0mm 5.80gr
O: NO LEGEND; Helmeted head of Athena, right.
R: ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ; Trophy of arms with horned helmet.
SNG Cop 394?
nomismaauctions 132112402330
3/21/17 4/3/17
Nicholas Z
3946_(1)_3947_(1).jpg
Pergamon, Mysia, Unit, ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ10 viewsAE Unit
Pergamon, Mysia
200 - 133BC
17.0mm 2.60gr
O: NO LEGEND; Helmeted head of Athena, right, star on helmet.
R: ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ; Owl standing facing on palm branch, wings open, control symbols, left and right.
BMC 190ff; Sear Greek 3962; SNG Cop 382 or 384?
nomismaauctions 132118089587
3/11/17 4/3/17
Nicholas Z
4532_(1)_4533_(1).jpg
Pergamon, Mysia, Unit, ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ9 viewsAE Unit
Pergamon, Mysia
Issued: 200 - 133BC
17.0mm 3.10gr
O: ΑΘΗΝΛΣ; Helmeted head of Athena, right, decorated with star.
R: ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ; Owl standing facing on palm branch, wings open.
BMC 190ff; SNG Cop 382ff; Sear Greek 3962.
nomismaauctions 132155683127
4/15/17 5/24/17

Nicholas Z
4551_(1)_4552_(1).jpg
Pergamon, Mysia, Unit, ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ15 viewsAE Unit
Pergamon, Mysia
Issued: After 200BC
21.0 x 20.0mm 8.44gr
O: ΕΠΙΠΕΡΓΑΜΟΥ; Helmeted head of Athena, right; helmet decorated with star.
R: ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ; Nike walking right, holding wreath and palm.
Lindgren I 293; Weber 5184; Mionnet II, 517; BMC 142; SNG Cop 365; SNG Von Aulock 7490.
Gerhard Rohde VCoins Inv.# 18011
5/14/17 5/31/17
Nicholas Z
Pergamon.jpg
Pergamon, Mysia. 200 - 133 B.C.15 viewsPergamon, Mysia. 200 - 133 B.C. AE 12~13mm; 1.82g. Philetaerus, King of Pergamum. Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with a griffin. Rev: ΦIΛE/TAIΡOΥ, strung bow, monogram right. SNG von Aulock 1364; SNG Stockholm 2086; SNG Leipzig 1094; BMC 12, 54; Lindgren III 273; SNG Cop 349.ddwau
perg_2_k.jpg
Pergamon, Time of Caligula to Nero6 views17, 4.0g,12h; AD 40-60
Obv.: ΘԐON PΩMHN; Bust of Roma with mural crown right.
Rev.: ΘԐON CYNKΛHTON; Laureate bust of Senate right.
Reference: RPC I 2374 / 16-382-50
John Anthony
pergamon_k.jpg
Pergamon, Time of Claudius to Nero5 views15, 3.2g, 7h; AD 40-60
Obv.: ΘԐON CYNKΛHTON; Laureate bust of Senate right.
Rev.: ΘԐON PΩMHN; Bust of Roma with mural crown right.
Reference: RPC 2374; SNG Aul.1385, 16-334-32
John Anthony
mytet.jpg
Pergamon,Mysia (133 - 67 B.C)47 viewsAR Cistophoric Tetradrachm
O: Cista mystica with half-open lid, from which a snake emerges, all withinwreathof ivy with berries.
R: Two serpents entwined around bow and bowcase; above, ME, prytaneis monogram, and A (controls), (Pergamon monogram) to left, serpent-entwined thyrsos to right.
11.36g
26mm
Kleiner, Hoard 40; SNG BN 1744

Ex. Glenn Schinke, March 1995
4 commentsMat
1959__Gorny___Mosch_Auction_265_lot_989.jpg
pergamum0011 viewsElagabalus
Pergamum, Mysia

Obv: ΑVΤ Κ Μ ΑVΡ ΑΝΤΩΝƐΙΝΟϹ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of right, with aegis.
Rev: ΕΠΙ ΣΤΡ ΤΙΒ ΚΛΑ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΩΝ, in left field upward, ΠΡΩΤΩΝ Γ Ν, in right field downward, ΕΩΚΟΡΩΝ; emperor standing facing in military dress, looking left, holding spear and patera over lighted altar at his feet.
35 mm, 24.57 gms

RPC Online 4214; von Fritze, Pergamon pl. VIII,3.

From Gorny & Mosch Auction 265, lot 989.
Charles M
060717b.jpg
Philetairos King of Pergamon, 282-133 BCE24 viewsPhiletairos King of Pergamon
Mysia, Pergamon, BMC Mysia p. 119, Pergamon mint,
Sear 7233, c. 282 - 133 BCE. AE, 13mm 1.75 G, BMC Mysia p. 119, 54
Obverse: head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with a griffin
Reverse: ΦIΛE /TAIΡOΥ, strung bow

The regal bronze coinage of Pergamon is all inscribed in the name of the
dynasty's founder, Philetairos. Attribution to specific reigns is not yet possible.
Forvm addendum
NORMAN K
Pergamon_Philetairos.jpg
Philetairos, 282 - 263 B.C. AE 13; Head of Athena right/ “ΦΙΛΕ/ΤΑΙΡΟΥ”, strung bow26 viewsPergamene Kingdom, Philetairos, 282 - 263 B.C. Bronze AE 13, BMC Mysia p. 119, 54; SGCV II 7233, VF, Mysia, Pergamon mint, 2.080g, 12.1mm, c. 282 - 133 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with a griffin; reverse ΦΙΛΕ/ΤΑΙΡΟΥ, strung bow. The regal bronze coinage of Pergamon is all inscribed in the name of the dynasty's founder, Philetairos. Attribution to specific reigns is not yet possible. Ex FORVMPodiceps
pergamon_philetairos~0.jpg
Philetairos, 282 - 263 B.C. Head of Athena r. in crested helmet/ΦIΛETAIΡOΥ, filleted thyrsus20 viewsPergamene Kingdom, Philetairos, 282 - 263 B.C. Obverse: head of Athena right in crested helmet; reverse: ΦIΛETAIΡOΥ, filleted thyrsus. SGCV II 7229, BMC Mysia p. 121, 70. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
AR__Cistophoric_Tetradrachm_of_Pergamon,_after_133_BC.jpg
Phrygia, Apameia AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm. ca 88-67 BC. 12.59g.96 viewsPHRYGIA, Apameia. Circa 88-67 BC. AR Tetradrachm, 12.59g. Cistophoric type. Attalos and Timo-, magistrates.
Cista mystica with serpent; all within ivy-wreath / Two serpents entwined around bow and bowcase; ATTA/ΛΟY/TIMΩ in three lines above, aulos (double flute) to right.
Kleiner, Late Issue XVII; SNG Copenhagen 156. _19000
4 commentsAntonivs Protti
6049_6050.jpg
Provincial, Pergamon, Mysia, AE17, ΠεΡΓΑ ΜΗΝΩΝΒ12 viewsAE17
Roman Provincial
Pergamon, Mysia
Septimius Severus
Augustus: 193 - 211AD
17.0mm 2.80gr 6h
O: AVP KAI CεΒΗΡΟC; Laureate head, right.
R: ΠεΡΓΑ ΜΗΝΩΝΒ; Asklepios, in himation, standing facing, head left, holding serpent entwined staff.
SNG France 2203; Voegtli FvP 33, 393; SNG BN 2195, var. (reverse legend); SNG Cop 496; BMC 310.
failla_numismatics_inc/Jason & Bob Failla 332515533842
2/5/18 2/20/18
Nicholas Z
Mysia_Pergamon_GIC_4910.JPG
Quasi-Autonomous Issue, Pergamon71 viewsObv: ΘЄON CYNKΛHTON, laureate, draped bust of the Roman Senate facing right.

Rev: ΘЄAN PΩ MHN, turreted, draped bust of Roma facing right, lituus before her.

An autonomous issue that does not bear the name of the issuing city, however a large hoard of these coins were unearthed in Turkey near the city of Pergamon.

17, Pergamon mint, 1st Century AD

4 grams, 17 mm, 0

GIC 4910
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Sardes_kantharos.jpg
Sardis - AE13 viewsc. 4th century BC
head of Dionysos left wearing ivy-wreath
kantharos
8_3 (F_S in lydian alphabet)*
Vgtli, Pergamon 524; CNG E-248, lot 119 (Syros)
ex Savoca

* Sardis is Sfard in lydian
Johny SYSEL
Apamea_AE_lg.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, 21 - Apamea on the Axios 28 viewsElephant standing right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Bridled horned horse's head left, anchor beneath.

SC 35; HGC 9, 79; CSE 415; WSM 1128; SNG Spaer 50-52; SNG Copenhagen 40; Sear GCV 6850.
Apamea on the Axios Mint 300-281 BC.

(21 mm, 7.86 g, 12h).

Seleukos I established Apamea on the Axios (a tributary of the upper Orontes River) in Syria around 300 BC. Named in honour of his Baktrian wife, Apama, it was developed on the site of the former Macedonian military colony of Pella. It became the primary Seleukid military depot and arsenal. In Apamea, Seleukos maintained his 500 war elephants and more than 30,000 horses to serve the needs of his cavalry, as well as an arsenal of weaponry and facilities for the manufacture of arms. For the next five generations, Seleukid military campaigns were mounted from Apamea.

The coin type is rare, with all known find locations being located in Syria, but with no control, or design linkages to any other emission from the Seleukid Syrian mints of the time. Newell placed this coin as the sole issue of Apamea during the reign of Seleukos I. This attribution was based on the absence of any linkage to any other Syrian mints and the iconography of the coin, which he felt reflected the military role and significance of Apamea. In the obverse he saw the war elephants, which were the pride of Seleukos army, while in the reverse he saw a reference to the powerful Seleukid cavalry, both of which were based at Apamea.

The iconography of the coin bears a striking similarity to the tetradrachm issues of Pergamon in Seleukos name in 281 BC, following the defeat of Lysimachos in the Battle of Korupedion. This short-lived emission is unique. Newell believed that it was possibly inspired by the Apamea bronze coinage, suggesting that the latter may have been struck at the time Seleukos was assembling his forces at Apamea for the decisive encounter with Lysimachos. Some of these coins may then have accompanied his soldiers into Asia Minor, eventually to find their way with his soldiers to Pergamon, where the type served as the model for the brief silver emission celebrating Seleukos victory at Korupedion.
2 commentsn.igma
Seleucos_iv.jpg
Seleukos IV Philopator 187-175 BC19 viewsSELEUKID KINGDOM OF SYRIA, Seleukos IV Philopator, 187-175 BC, AE18.6 - 20, weight 7.83g. Serrated bronze. Obverse: Head of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy, thyrsos at shoulder. Anchor countermark left. Reverse: Two lines of inscription, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ above and beneath prow of galley left. Hoover SC 593; SC 1324; SEAR 6970.

When Seleukos IV acceded to the throne, Asia minor was lost to the kings of Pergamon, the Eastern provinces of Parthia and Bactria firmly established as independent kingdoms, and in addition he had to pay a heavy annual war indemnity to the Romans. He seems to have wisely ruled what was left of the Seleukid kingdom until he was murdered by his minister
Heliodoros.
ddwau
41442Pergamon,_Mysia,_senate_roma.jpg
Senate/ Rome, AE 1635 viewsPergamon, Mysia, c. 1st - Early 2nd Century A.D. Bronze AE 16, BMC Mysia p. 134, 5 ff.; SGICV 4910, F, Pergamon mint, 3.491g, 16.2mm, 0o, obverse ΘΕΟΝ CΥΝ−ΚΛΗΤΟΝ, draped bust of the Senate right; reverse ΘΕΑΝ ΡΩ−ΜΗΝ, turreted and draped bust of Rome right. An interesting autonomous type which does not bear the name of the issuing city; however a large hoard of these coins was found near Pergamon in 1827. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
coins126.JPG
Severus Alexander 17 viewsSalus

Hygieia (Roman equivalent: Salus) was a daughter of Asclepius. She was the goddess of health, cleanliness and sanitation (and later: the moon), and played an important part in her father's cult (see also: asklepieion). While her father was more directly associated with healing, she was associated with the prevention of sickness and the continuation of good health.

Though Hygieia had been the subject of a local cult since at least the 7th century BC, she did not begin to spread out until the Oracle at Delphi recognized her, and after the devastating Athens plague in 429 and 427 BC and in Rome in 293 BC. Her primary temples were in Epidaurus, Corinth, Cos and Pergamon.

Pausanias remarked that, at the asclepieion of Titane in Sicyon (founded by Alexanor, Asclepius' grandson), statues of Hygieia were covered by women's hair and pieces of Babylonian clothes. According to inscriptions, the same sacrifices were offered at Paros.

Ariphron, a Sicyonian artist from the 4th century BC wrote a well-known hymn celebrating her. Statues of Hygieia were created by Scopas, Bryaxis and Timotheus, among others.

She was often depicted as a young woman feeding a large snake that was wrapped around her body. Sometimes the snake would be drinking from a jar that she carried. These attributes were later adopted by the Gallo-Roman healing goddess, Sirona.

Severus Alexander Denarius, RIC 14, RSC 218, BMC 33
222 AD. IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right /P M TR P COS P P, Salus seated left, feeding snake arising from altar.

Base metal.
ecoli
BOTH_CISTO_MYSTICA.jpg
SOLD Ionia Ephesos Cistophoric Tetradrachm Attalos 111 138/7 BC SOLD1 viewsSOLD OBV:Snake sliding out of basket- Cista Mystica
Surrounded by ivy wreath
12.68 g 30mm
REV:2 snakes entwined around bow case decorated with aplustra
LF- ΕΦΕ= Ephesos
RF - high hatted facing bust of Artemis Ephesia
above, B year 2 of Attalos 111 of Pergamon 138/7 BC SOLD
cicerokid
teu.jpg
Teuthrania, rule of Prokles I (Gongylos), dynast 399 BC4 viewsTeuthrania, rule of Prokles I (Gongylos), dynast 399 BC

Obv: Laureate head of Apollo left

Rev: Beardless head of young male right, wearing Persian tiara (headdress - also known as kyrbasia or bashlyk), Τ E Y to left

Diameter: 11 mm. / Weight: 1,00 gms. / Material: -Bronze

Refs: SNG Cop. 549.

Prokles was the brother of Eurysthenes,

who ruled Pergamon around the same time.
emporiton
telephosFriezeTelephosFriezec6p15.jpg
The Telephos Frieze66 viewsTelephos was the mythic founder of Pergamon, one of the most beautiful cities of the Hellenistic age. Some scenes which describe Telephos' adventures, housed at the Pergamon Museum in the former East Berlin, were on exhibit at the Palazzo Ruspoli in 1996-7. Originally, 22 centuries ago, this beautiful sculpture was placed along the perimeter of the inner walls of the Zeus Altar at Pergamum. The Telephos Frieze was composed of a sequence of 52 panels. In the 19th century, German archaeologists were able to "save" only a portion of this magnificent work of ancient art.

To view 12 of these panels see: http://www.1stmuse.com/Pergamon/frieze.html
Cleisthenes
diadumenian_ deultum_moushmov3579.jpg
Thracia, Deultum, Diadumenian Yurukova 8839 viewsDiadumenian AD 218
AE 18, 3.45g
obv. M OPEL ANTONINVS DIADV [CAES]
draped bust right
rev. C F P D
Telesphoros standing facing in hooded cloak
Yurukova 88; SNG Bulgaria 239-240; Moushmov 3579
VF, a rare representation of Telesphorus with a visible face
added to www.wildwinds.com

He is a companion of Asklepios. It is a talking name (the completer) of a greek healing god, who belongs to the most problematic figures of the greek religious history. Late as 'new twig' and 'son of Asklepios' coming to the circle of Asklepos, Telesphoros was introduced by an oracle at the end of the 1st century AD in Pergamon. His earliest inscription is from AD 98-102. From here his cult spread out quickly. Because of is child-shape and his hood cloak Telesphoros is identical with the genii cucullati, which were fertility, healing but death gods too.
Jochen
serdika_sept_severus_Ruzicka37corr.jpg
Thracia, Serdica, 14. Septimius Severus, HrJ 12.14.14.0132 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
struck under legate C. Caecina Largus
obv. AV KL CEPTI - CEVHROC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. [H]G.KAIKI LARGOV OVLP CERDIKHC
Herakles, bearded, nude, stg. facing, head r., resting with r. hand on club, holding lion-skin over l. arm and Telephos in l.
hand, who has turned towards him.
ref.: a) Ruzicka 37 corr. (writes that a stag is stg. r. looking upwards to Telephos; but the depicted coin is so worn that I
think the description is taken from Lucius Verus nr.16)
b) Hristova/Jekov No.12.14.14.1 (R7)
c) Varbanov (engl.) cf. 1958 (has laureate head r., misunderstands Telephos as Dionysos)
very rare, about VF

Pat Lawrence: Almost certainly the depiction cites a statue from Pergamon.
1 commentsJochen
pergamon_k~0.jpg
Time of Caligula to Nero3 views15, 3.2g, 12h; MYSIA, Pergamon, AD 40-60
Obv.: ΘЄON PΩMHN; Bust of Roma with mural crown right.
Rev.: ΘЄON CYNKΛHTON; Laureate bust of Senate right.
Reference: RPC 2374; SNG Aul. 1385 / 17-296-35
John Anthony
PergaAthenaOwl.jpg
[2400a] Pergamon, Mysia: AE14, ca. 300 BC70 viewsMYSIA, PERGAMON, 14, ca. 300 BC. BMC 15, SGC 3965. 2.0 gm. VF/aVF; Pergamon mint. Obverse: Head of Athena right, in close fitting crested helmet; Reverse; ATHENAS - NIKHFOPOY either side of owl standing, facing, wings closed; all within olive-wreath. Obverse device a clean strike of a lovely Athena. Ex Inclinatiorama.

The city of ancient Pergamon (or Pergamum, today's Bergama) was created by the newly-founded royal dynasty in the mid-third century BCE. It became one of the classic late-Hellenistic cities, on a dramatically steep site, with imaginatiave solutions to the urban design problems created by the site, wonderfully embellished by the generous attention of its royal (and other) patrons. The site divides into two main sections, the steep upper town and the flat lower town. Though today's Bergama is entirely in the lower areas, a number of important remains have survived even there: the Asklepieion, one of the major healing centres of antiqity, the Red Hall (Serapeum), the stadium, a Roman Bridge and tunnel. But it is the upper town that captures the imagination, with its extensive remains, innovations, and drama.
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~prchrdsn/pergamon.htm

The Attalids, the descendants of Attalus, the father of Philetaerus who came to power in 282 BC, were among the most loyal supporters of Rome among the Hellenistic successor states. Under Attalus I, they allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon, during the first and second Macedonian Wars, and again under Eumenes II, against Perseus of Macedon, during the Third Macedonian War. For support against the Seleucids, the Attalids were rewarded with all the former Seleucid domains in Asia Minor.

The Attalids ruled with intelligence and generosity. Many documents survive showing how the Attalids would support the growth of towns through sending in skilled artisans and by remitting taxes. They allowed the Greek cities in their domains to maintain nominal independence. They sent gifts to Greek cultural sites like Delphi, Delos, and Athens. They defeated the invading Celts. They remodeled the Acropolis of Pergamum after the Acropolis in Athens. When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 BC he bequeathed Pergamon to Rome, in order to prevent a civil war.

The Great Altar of Pergamon is in the Pergamon Museum, Berlin. The base of this altar remains on the upper part of the Acropolis. Other notable structures still in existence on the upper part of the Acropolis include: a Hellenistic theater with a seating capacity of 10,000; the Sanctuary of Trajan (also known as the Trajaneum); the Sancturay of Athena; the Library; royal palaces; the Heron; the Temple of Dionysus; the Upper Agora; and the Roman baths complex. Pergamon's library on the Acropolis is the second best in the ancient Greek civilisation (the ancient Library of Pergamum), after that of Alexandria. When the Ptolemies stopped exporting papyrus, partly because of competitors and partly because of shortages, the Pergamenes invented a new substance to use in codices, called pergaminus or parchment after the city. This was made of fine calf skin, a predecessor of vellum. The lower part of the Acropolis has the following structures: the Upper Gymnasium, the Middle Gymnasium, the Lower Gymnasium, the Temple of Demeter, the Sanctuary of Hera, the House of Attalus, the Lower Agora and the Gate of Eumenes.

Three km south of the Acropolis was the Sanctuary of Asclepius (also known as the Asclepeion), the god of healing. In this place people with health problems could bath in the water of the sacred spring, and in the patients' dreams Asklepios would appear in a vision to tell them how to cure their illness. Archeology has found lots of gifts and dedications that people would make afterwards, such as small terracotta body parts, no doubt representing what had been healed. Notable extant structures in the Asclepeion include the Roman theater, the North Stoa, the South Stoa, the Temple of Asclepius, a circular treatment center (sometimes known as the Temple of Telesphorus), a healing spring, an underground passageway, a library, the Via Tecta (or the Sacred Way, which is a colonnaded street leading to the sanctuary) and a propylon.

Pergamon's other notable structure is the Serapis Temple (Serapeum) which was later transformed into the Red Basilica complex (or Kızıl Avlu in Turkish), about 1 km south of the Acropolis. It consists of a main building and two round towers. In the first century AD, the Christian Church at Pergamon inside the main building of the Red Basilica was one of the Seven Churches to which the Book of Revelation was addressed (Revelation 1:12, ESV).
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pergamon

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Antiochos1ARTetPhiletairos.jpg
[2400c] Pergamene Kingdom: Attalid Dynasty: Philetairos: 282-- 263 B.C. 53 viewsPergamene Kingdom, Attalid Dynasty; AR Tetradrachm (17.10 gm, 29 mm), VF, Struck in Pergamon under Philetairos, in the name of Seleukos I, circa 279-274 BC. Obverse: head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin headdress; Reverse: Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre; helmeted head of Athena in left field; crescent under throne. SC 308a. Nicely toned and scarce. Ex Eukratides. Photo by Eukratides.

Philetairos first struck in the name of Lysimachos, then posthumous Alexander types under Seleukos I (such as this specimen), then Seleukos portrait types under Antiochos I, and lastly a type with his own portrait.

The Attalid dynasty was a Hellenistic dynasty that ruled the city of Pergamon after the death of Lysimachus, a general of Alexander the Great. The Attalid kingdom was the rump state left after the collapse of the Lysimachian Empire. One of Lysimachus' officers, Philetaerus, took control of the city in 282 BC. The later Attalids were descended from his father, and they expanded the city into a kingdom. Attalus I proclaimed himself King in the 230s BC, following his victories over the Galatians. The Attalids ruled Pergamon until Attalus III bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic in 133 BC to avoid a likely succession crisis.

On the interior of the Pergamon Altar is a frieze depicting the life of Telephos, son of Herakles, whom the ruling Attalid dynasty associated with their city and utilized to claim descendance from the Olympians. Pergamon, having entered the Greek world much later than their counterparts to the west, could not boast the same divine heritage as older city-states, and had to retroactively cultivate their place in Greek mythos.

The Attalid Dynasty of Pergamum

Philetaerus (282 BC263 BC)
Eumenes I (263 BC241 BC)
Attalus I Soter (241 BC197 BC)
Eumenes II (197 BC158 BC)
Attalus II Philadelphus (160 BC138 BC)
Attalus III (138 BC133 BC)
Eumenes III Aristonicus (pretender, 133 BC129 BC)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attalid_dynasty


The Relationship between the Attalids and the Seleucids

September 281 A.D.: death of Seleucus I; accession of Antiochus I; Philetaerus of Pergamon buys back the corpse of Seleucus I (the father of Antiochos I and a member of the Diodochi: the period of the Diadochi is said to end with the victory of Seleucus I over Lysimachus at the battle of Corupedion in 281, fixing the boundaries of the Hellenistic world for the next century).

Antiochus I Soter (Greek Ἀντίoχoς Σωτήρ, i.e. "Saviour"; 324/​323-​262/​261 B.C.), was an emperor of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire. He reigned from 281 - 261 B.C. He was half Persian, his mother Apama being one of the eastern princesses whom Alexander the Great had given as wives to his generals in 324 B.C. In in 294 B.C., prior to death of his father Seleucus I, Antiochus married his step-mother, Stratonice, daughter of Demetrius Poliorcetes. His elderly father reportedly instigated the marriage after discovering that his son was in danger of dying of lovesickness.

On the assassination of his father in 281 B.C., the task of holding together the empire was a formidable one, and a revolt in Syria broke out almost immediately. Antiochus was soon compelled to make peace with his father's murderer, Ptolemy Keraunos, abandoning apparently Macedonia and Thrace. In Asia Minor he was unable to reduce Bithynia or the Persian dynasties that ruled in Cappadocia.

In 278 BC the Gauls broke into Asia Minor, and a victory that Antiochus won over these hordes is said to have been the origin of his title of Soter (Gr. for "saviour").

At the end of 275 B.C. the question of Coele-Syria, which had been open between the houses of Seleucus and Ptolemy since the partition of 301 B.C., led to hostilities (the First Syrian War). It had been continuously in Ptolemaic occupation, but the house of Seleucus maintained its claim.

About 262 B.C. Antiochus tried to break the growing power of Pergamum by force of arms, but suffered defeat near Sardis and died soon afterwards. His eldest son Seleucus, who had ruled in the east as viceroy from 275 BC(?) till 268/267 BC, was put to death in that year by his father on the charge of rebellion. He was succeeded (261 BC) by his second son Antiochus II Theos

263 A.D.: Eumenes I of Pergamon, successor of Philetaerus, declares himself independent.

262 A.D.: Antiochus defeated by Eumenes.
http://www.livius.org/am-ao/antiochus/antiochus_i_soter.html

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
PhiletairosMyFirstCoinPortrait250408.jpg
[2400d] Pergamene Kingdom, Mysia, Western Asia Minor, Philetairos I, 282 - 263 B.C.47 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Meydancikkale 3000, SNG Paris 1603 var, SNG Von Aulock -, SNG Cop -, VF, Pergamon mint, 16.629g, 28.1mm, 0o, c. 265 - 263 B.C. Obverse: head of Philetaerus right in taenia; Reverse: FILETAIROU downward on right, Athena enthroned left, right hand on shield before her, spear over shoulder in left, leaf above arm, bow right; high relief portrait; very rare. Ex FORVM. Photo by jpfjr.

This coin bears the first portrait of Philetairos, the founder of the Pergamene Kingdom, 282 -263 B.C. Hoard evidence and recent studies indicate it was struck at the end of his reign. Philetairos first struck in the name of Lysimachos, then posthumous Alexander types under Seleukos I, then Seleukos and Herakles (see coin 309p) portrait types under Antiochos I, and lastly this type with his own portrait. This same reverse was used for the Seleukos I portrait types. Philetairos' coinage is known for its magnificent realistic portraits and this coin is an excellent example. Very rare and absent from most major collections (Joseph Sermarini).

Attalid Dynasty(270-133 BC) - capital at Pergamum

Founded by Philetairos, the Greek secretary of Alexander the Great's general Lysimachus.

In his monograph "The Pergamene Mint Under Philetaerus" (The American Numismatic Society, No.76, 1936), Edward T. Newell notes, "The event which precipitated the end of Lysimachus' empire and resulted in the rise to power of the Attalid Dynasty, was the execution in 286-5 B.C. of his son, the heir apparent Agathocles. For Philetareus the situation had now become impossible. He belonged to the faction which had gathered about that able and much beloved young man--in opposition to the party headed by Lysimachus' wife, the ambitious Arsinoe, scheming for the preferment of her own children. So after having functioned for many years as the governor of Pergamum and the trusted guardian of the great treasure there deposited, Philetaerus was now forced to take steps for his own safety. Sometime between 284 and 282 B.C. many of the Asiatic cities and certain officers of Lysimachus openly rebelled and called upon Seleucus for aid. Philetaerus also wrote to the Syrian king, placing himself, and the treasure under his care, at the latter's disposal. Seleucus led his army, together with a large contingent of elephants, into the Asiatic provinces of Lysimachus. On the plain of Corupedium in Lydia there occurred the final and decisive battle in which, as is well known, Lysimachus lost both life and empire" (3-5).

When [Lysimachus] fell fighting Seleucus, Philetairos (a eunuch) withdrew with his commander's military war chest to a mountain fortress that ultimately became his palace acropolis of Pergamum. He gained royal recognition through his successful efforts at repulsing the Gallic invasion of western Anatolia in 270-269 BC. Philetairos drove the Gauls into the Phrygian highlands where they settled in the region thereafter known as Galatia. He became recognized by the Greek cities of the coastal region as a liberator and savior and established his hegemony over them. Since he had no children, his domain passed to the four sons of his brother, Attalus I. Normally, so many rival dynasts would have spelled disaster (as it eventually did in Syria and Egypt), but the Attalids became celebrated for their cooperation at state building. They handed the royal authority from one to another in succession and managed to elevate their realm into the top echelon of Mediterranean states.

Particularly skillful diplomacy with Rome enabled the Attalids to enjoy further success during the early second century BC. At their peak under Eumenes II, c. 190-168 BC, they controlled the entire western seaboard of Anatolia and much of Phrygian highland as well. In direct competition with the Ptolemies and the Seleucids, the Attalids succeeded at establishing Pergamum as a leading cultural center, its library second only to that of Alexandria, its sculpture, woven tapestries, and ceramics prized throughout the Mediterranean. An expressive, highly baroque style of sculpture known as the Asian school, set important trends in the Greek world and profoundly influenced artistic development at Rome. The Attalids likewise competed for control of the eastern luxury trade, relying on the overland route of the now ancient Persian Royal Road across Anatolia.

When a dynastic dispute threatened to undermine the stability of Pergamum at the end of the second century BC, King Attalus III (138-133) left his royal domain to the people of the Roman Republic in his will. His nobles were concerned about security after his passing, and to prevent a dynastic dispute (which ultimately did arise) he wrote this into his will as a form of "poison pill." At his demise in 133 BC, ambassadors brought the report of his bequest to Rome, where it was accepted and secured by military intervention. By 126 BC the royal territories of Pergamum became the Roman province of Asia, the richest of all Roman provinces.

Abusive exploitation by Roman tax collectors (publicans) induced a province-wide revolt in Asia in 88 BC (encouraged by Mithridates VI Eupator), culminating in the massacre reportedly of some 80,000 Romans, Italians, their families, and servants throughout the province. L. Cornelius Sulla restored order in 84 BC just prior to his assumption of the dictatorship at Rome. Indemnities imposed by Sulla remained burdensome throughout the following decade, but the resilience and economic vitality of the province ultimately enabled impressive recovery.

In 63 BC the Roman orator and senator, M. Tullius Cicero, stated that approximately 40% of tribute raised by the Republican empire came from Asia alone. The merger of Greco-Roman culture was probably most successfully achieved here. In the imperial era, cities such as Pergamum, Ephesus, Sardis, and Miletus ranked among the leading cultural centers of the Roman world.

http://72.14.235.104/search?q=cache:n9hG5pYVUV0J:web.ics.purdue.edu/~rauhn/hellenistic_world.htm+Philetairos&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=29

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
1stPhiletairosTet.jpg
[2400d] Pergamene Kingdom, Mysia, Western Asia Minor, Philetairos I, 282 - 263 B.C.53 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Meydancikkale 3000, SNG Paris 1603 var, SNG Von Aulock -, SNG Cop -, VF, Pergamon mint, 16.629g, 28.1mm, 0o, c. 265 - 263 B.C. Obverse: head of Philetaerus right in taenia; Reverse: FILETAIROU downward on right, Athena enthroned left, right hand on shield before her, spear over shoulder in left, leaf above arm, bow right; high relief portrait; very rare. Ex FORVM.

This coin bears the first portrait of Philetairos, the founder of the Pergamene Kingdom, 282 -263 B.C. Hoard evidence and recent studies indicate it was struck at the end of his reign. Philetairos first struck in the name of Lysimachos, then posthumous Alexander types under Seleukos I, then Seleukos and Herakles (see coin 309p) portrait types under Antiochos I, and lastly this type with his own portrait. This same reverse was used for the Seleukos I portrait types. Philetairos' coinage is known for its magnificent realistic portraits and this coin is an excellent example. Very rare and absent from most major collections.

Attalid Dynasty(270-133 BC) - capital at Pergamum

Founded by Philetairos, the Greek secretary of Alexander the Great's general Lysimachus.

In his monograph "The Pergamene Mint Under Philetaerus" (The American Numismatic Society, No.76, 1936), Edward T. Newell notes, "The event which precipitated the end of Lysimachus' empire and resulted in the rise to power of the Attalid Dynasty, was the execution in 286-5 B.C. of his son, the heir apparent Agathocles. For Philetareus the situation had now become impossible. He belonged to the faction which had gathered about that able and much beloved young man--in opposition to the party headed by Lysimachus' wife, the ambitious Arsinoe, scheming for the preferment of her own children. So after having functioned for many years as the governor of Pergamum and the trusted guardian of the great treasure there deposited, Philetaerus was now forced to take steps for his own safety. Sometime between 284 and 282 B.C. many of the Asiatic cities and certain officers of Lysimachus openly rebelled and called upon Seleucus for aid. Philetaerus also wrote to the Syrian king, placing himself, and the treasure under his care, at the latter's disposal. Seleucus led his army, together with a large contingent of elephants, into the Asiatic provinces of Lysimachus. On the plain of Corupedium in Lydia there occurred the final and decisive battle in which, as is well known, Lysimachus lost both life and empire" (3-5).

When [Lysimachus] fell fighting Seleucus, Philetairos (a eunuch) withdrew with his commander's military war chest to a mountain fortress that ultimately became his palace acropolis of Pergamum. He gained royal recognition through his successful efforts at repulsing the Gallic invasion of western Anatolia in 270-269 BC. Philetairos drove the Gauls into the Phrygian highlands where they settled in the region thereafter known as Galatia. He became recognized by the Greek cities of the coastal region as a liberator and savior and established his hegemony over them. Since he had no children, his domain passed to the four sons of his brother, Attalus I. Normally, so many rival dynasts would have spelled disaster (as it eventually did in Syria and Egypt), but the Attalids became celebrated for their cooperation at state building. They handed the royal authority from one to another in succession and managed to elevate their realm into the top echelon of Mediterranean states.

Particularly skillful diplomacy with Rome enabled the Attalids to enjoy further success during the early second century BC. At their peak under Eumenes II, c. 190-168 BC, they controlled the entire western seaboard of Anatolia and much of Phrygian highland as well. In direct competition with the Ptolemies and the Seleucids, the Attalids succeeded at establishing Pergamum as a leading cultural center, its library second only to that of Alexandria, its sculpture, woven tapestries, and ceramics prized throughout the Mediterranean. An expressive, highly baroque style of sculpture known as the Asian school, set important trends in the Greek world and profoundly influenced artistic development at Rome. The Attalids likewise competed for control of the eastern luxury trade, relying on the overland route of the now ancient Persian Royal Road across Anatolia.

When a dynastic dispute threatened to undermine the stability of Pergamum at the end of the second century BC, King Attalus III (138-133) left his royal domain to the people of the Roman Republic in his will. His nobles were concerned about security after his passing, and to prevent a dynastic dispute (which ultimately did arise) he wrote this into his will as a form of "poison pill." At his demise in 133 BC, ambassadors brought the report of his bequest to Rome, where it was accepted and secured by military intervention. By 126 BC the royal territories of Pergamum became the Roman province of Asia, the richest of all Roman provinces.

Abusive exploitation by Roman tax collectors (publicans) induced a province-wide revolt in Asia in 88 BC (encouraged by Mithridates VI Eupator), culminating in the massacre reportedly of some 80,000 Romans, Italians, their families, and servants throughout the province. L. Cornelius Sulla restored order in 84 BC just prior to his assumption of the dictatorship at Rome. Indemnities imposed by Sulla remained burdensome throughout the following decade, but the resilience and economic vitality of the province ultimately enabled impressive recovery.

In 63 BC the Roman orator and senator, M. Tullius Cicero, stated that approximately 40% of tribute raised by the Republican empire came from Asia alone. The merger of Greco-Roman culture was probably most successfully achieved here. In the imperial era, cities such as Pergamum, Ephesus, Sardis, and Miletus ranked among the leading cultural centers of the Roman world.

http://72.14.235.104/search?q=cache:n9hG5pYVUV0J:web.ics.purdue.edu/~rauhn/hellenistic_world.htm+Philetairos&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=29

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
AttalosISNGvanAulock1358.jpg
[2402] Kingdom of Pergamon, Attalos I AR Tetradrachm. 241-197 BC.89 viewsAttalos I, AR Tetradrachm. SNG von Aulock 1358. 28mm - 16.8 grams. aVF. Obverse: Laureate & diademed head of Philetairos right; Reverse: FILETAIROU, Athena enthroned left, holding wreath in right hand, left elbow resting on shield set on ground behind, spear below; grape bunch to outer left, A to inner left, bow to outer right. Ex Nemesis.

Attalus I

Attalus I (in Greek Attalos) Soter (Greek: "Savior"; 269 BC 197 BC) ruled Pergamon, a Greek polis in what is now Turkey, first as dynast, later as king, from 241 BC to 197 BC. He was the second cousin (some say the grand-nephew) and the adoptive son of Eumenes I, whom he succeeded, and was the first of the Attalid dynasty to assume the title of king in 238 BC. He was the son of Attalus (in Greek Attalos) and wife Antiochis, Princess of Syria.

Attalus won an important victory over the Galatians, newly arrived Celtic tribes from Thrace, who had been, for more than a generation, plundering and exacting tribute throughout most of Asia Minor without any serious check. This victory, celebrated by the triumphal monument at Pergamon, famous for its Dying Gaul, and the liberation from the Gallic "terror" which it represented, earned for Attalus the name of "Soter", and the title of "king."

A courageous and capable general and loyal ally of Rome, he played a significant role in the first and second Macedonian Wars, waged against Philip V of Macedon. He conducted numerous naval operations, harassing Macedonian interests throughout the Aegean, winning honors, collecting spoils, and gaining for Pergamon possession of the Greek islands of Aegina during the first war, and Andros during the second, twice narrowly escaping capture at the hands of Philip.

He died in 197 BC, shortly before the end of the second war, at the age of 72, having suffered an apparent stroke while addressing a Boeotian war council some months before. He enjoyed a famously happy domestic life, shared with his wife and four sons. He was succeeded as king by his son Eumenes II.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attalus_I

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.






Cleisthenes
PergamumRegalIssueSNGfrance5_1683.jpg
[2410a] Mysia, Pergamon. Regal Issue, 281-133 BC.74 viewsMysia, Pergamon. Regal Issue, 281-133 BC. AE 14mm (1.94 gm). Obverse: Athena in Attic helmet right. Reverse: ΦIΛE-TAIPOY; bow. SNG France 5, 1683. Good very fine. Ex Tom Vossen.


The Attalid dynasty was a Hellenistic dynasty that ruled the city of Pergamon after the death of Lysimachus, a general of Alexander the Great. The Attalid kingdom was the rump state left after the collapse of the Lysimachian Empire. One of Lysimachus' officers, Philetaerus, took control of the city in 282 BC. The later Attalids were descended from his father, and they expanded the city into a kingdom. Attalus I proclaimed himself King in the 230s BC, following his victories over the Galatians. The Attalids ruled Pergamon until Attalus III bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic in 133 BC to avoid a likely succession crisis.

On the interior of The Great Altar of Zeus at Pergamon is a frieze depicting the life of Telephos, son of Herakles, whom the ruling Attalid dynasty associated with their city and utilized to claim descendance from the Olympians. Pergamon, having entered the Greek world much later than their counterparts to the west, could not boast the same divine heritage as older city-states, and had to retroactively cultivate their place in Greek mythos.

The Pergamon Museum (in German, Pergamonmuseum) is one of the museums on the Museum Island in Berlin. It was planned by Alfred Messel and Ludwig Hoffmann and was built over a period from 1910 to 1930. It houses original-sized, reconstructed monumental buildings such as the Pergamon Altar. Sections of The Telephos Frieze, originaly composed of the sequnce of 52 panels--only some scenes of this beautiful frieze were "saved" by German archeologists in the 19th century--are exhibited there.

The Attalid Dynasty of Pergamum

Philetaerus (282 BC263 BC)
Eumenes I (263 BC241 BC)
Attalus I Soter (241 BC197 BC)
Eumenes II (197 BC158 BC)
Attalus II Philadelphus (160 BC138 BC)
Attalus III (138 BC133 BC)
Eumenes III Aristonicus (pretender, 133 BC129 BC)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attalid_dynasty

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
PergamomAE17_SCGVII_3962var.jpg
[2420] Pergamon, Mysia,c. 200 - 133 B.C.62 viewsBronze AE 17, SGCV II 3962 var; BMC Mysia p. 133, 202, VF, weight 3.600 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, c. 200 - 133 B.C.; Obverse: head Athena right wearing crested helmet with star, hair in curls down neck; Reverse: AQH-NAS / NIKHFOROU, owl standing facing on palm frond, wings spread, AP and MH monograms at sides. Ex FORVM.

The city of ancient Pergamon (or Pergamum, today's Bergama) was created by the newly-founded royal dynasty in the mid-third century BCE. It became one of the classic late-Hellenistic cities, on a dramatically steep site, with imaginatiave solutions to the urban design problems created by the site, wonderfully embellished by the generous attention of its royal (and other) patrons. The site divides into two main sections, the steep upper town and the flat lower town. Though today's Bergama is entirely in the lower areas, a number of important remains have survived even there: the Asklepieion, one of the major healing centres of antiqity, the Red Hall (Serapeum), the stadium, a Roman Bridge and tunnel. But it is the upper town that captures the imagination, with its extensive remains, innovations, and drama.
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~prchrdsn/pergamon.htm

The Attalids, the descendants of Attalus, the father of Philetaerus who came to power in 282 BC, were among the most loyal supporters of Rome among the Hellenistic successor states. Under Attalus I, they allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon, during the first and second Macedonian Wars, and again under Eumenes II, against Perseus of Macedon, during the Third Macedonian War. For support against the Seleucids, the Attalids were rewarded with all the former Seleucid domains in Asia Minor.

The Attalids ruled with intelligence and generosity. Many documents survive showing how the Attalids would support the growth of towns through sending in skilled artisans and by remitting taxes. They allowed the Greek cities in their domains to maintain nominal independence. They sent gifts to Greek cultural sites like Delphi, Delos, and Athens. They defeated the invading Celts. They remodeled the Acropolis of Pergamum after the Acropolis in Athens. When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 BC he bequeathed Pergamon to Rome, in order to prevent a civil war.

The Temple of Athena:

Built in the 3rd century B.C.E., this is the oldest cult center of the city. The Doric order building was constructed on a peripteral plan with six columns on the facade and ten on the long sides. The krepis (the basement of the Temple) is formed by two steps and measures 41.7 x 71.4 ft. (12.72 x 21.77 m). The naos or cella (the inner sanctum) is divided in two and was dedicated to Goddess Athena but also to God Zeus.
Present state: Only some of the stepped foundations and the tunnel to the theater have survived.
http://www.goddess-athena.org/Museum/Temples/Pergamon.htm

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

James Fitzgerald
AsclepiosAE16SNGBNParis1828.jpg
[2470] Asclepios AE16, Pergamon (Mysia), 133 BC - Imperial Times. 63 viewsMysia, Pergamon. 133 BC - Imperial Times. SNG BN Paris 1828. AE 16mm (3.76 gm). Very fine. Obverse: head Asclepios right. Reverse: [A]ΣKΛHΠIO[Y] - [ΣΩ]THP[OΣ], Serpent curled around scepter of Asclepios. Ex Tom Vossen.

Asclepius
by Ron Leadbetter

Asclepius was a Greek hero who later become the Greek god of medicine and healing. The son of Apollo and Coronis, Asclepius had five daughters, Aceso, Iaso, Panacea, Aglaea and Hygieia. He was worshipped throughout the Greek world but his most famous sanctuary was located in Epidaurus which is situated in the northeastern Peloponnese. The main attribute of Asclepius is a physician's staff with an Asclepian snake wrapped around it; this is how he was distinguished in the art of healing, and his attribute still survives to this day as the symbol of the modern medical profession. The cock was also sacred to Asclepius and was the bird they sacrificed as his altar.

The mother of Asclepius, Coronis, was a mortal, the daughter of Phlegyas, a king of Thessaly. Coronis was unfaithful to Apollo, and Artemis, Apollo's twin sister, killed her for her unfaithfulness. Coronis was placed upon a funeral pyre. (One version says that Apollo cast her into the fires of his own anger.) As her body started to burn, Apollo felt sorrow for his unborn son and snatched the child Asclepius from his mother's corpse, saving him from death. Apollo then handed Asclepius to the Centaur Chiron who became his tutor and mentor.

Chiron taught Asclepius the art of healing. According to Pindar (Pythian Odes), Asclepius also acquired the knowledge of surgery, the use of drugs, love potions and incantations, and according to Apollodorus (the Library), Athena gave Asclepius a magic potion made from the blood of the Gorgon. Legend tells that the blood of the Gorgon has a different effect depending from which side the blood was taken. If taken from the right side of the Gorgon, it has a miraculous effect and is said to be able to bring the dead back to life, but taken from the left side it is a deadly poison.

With these gifts Asclepius exceeded the fringes of human knowledge. However, he offended the great god Zeus by accepting money in exchange for raising the dead. (In one version it was the goddess Artemis who implored Asclepius to resurrect Hippolytus, a favourite of hers.) In the eyes of Zeus, Asclepius' action upset the natural order of the universe - a mere mortal helping man evade death. With one swift action, the great Zeus sent down a thunderbolt killing both men. (In some versions Zeus only killed Asclepius.)
Realising the good Asclepius had brought to man, the great Zeus made him into a god, placing him among the stars, transforming Asclepius into the constellation Ophiuchus (the serpent-bearer). The snake was used in the healing ritual; non-poisonous snakes were left in the dormitory where the sick slept overnight on the bare ground.

The cult of Asclepius became very popular during the 300s BCE and the cult centres (known as an Asclepieion) were used by priests to cure the sick. Invalids also came to the shrines of Asclepius to find cures for their ailments (in the same fashion pilgrims visit Lourdes today.) The process of healing was known as incubation. The patient would spend the night in a dormitory. During the night they would supposedly be visited by the god in a dream. Priests would interpret the dreams and then recommend a remedy or give advice on how they could be cured with perhaps a recommended visit to the baths and gymnasiums. There were many centres and schools of medicine, from Trikkis in Thessaly to the island of Cos. It is believed that Hippocrates, a great doctor of antiquity, plied his trade on the island of Cos. It is also said that Hippocrates was a descendant of Asclepius.

The Romans adopted the cult of Asclepius, but changed his name to Latin; they called him Aesculapius.

"Asclepius." Encyclopedia Mythica. 2008. Encyclopedia Mythica Online.
10 Apr. 2008 .

The Asklepion of Pergamon dates from the 4th century BC. This therapeutic center was of the same type as the one in Kos- a large health center. Most of the remains today of this center belong to the changes that were carried out by Emperor Hadrian.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.




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