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Search results - "PONTIF"
TIBERIUS-4.jpg
37 viewsTIBERIUS - As - 35/36 AD - Mint of Rome
Obv.: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII
Laureate head left
Rev.: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXXVII S C
Winged caduceus
g. 10,7 mm. 25,8
Cohen 22, RIC 59, Sear RCV 1771
Maxentius
CARACAL-2.jpg
29 viewsCARACALLA - Denarius - 205 AD.
Obv.:ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right
Rev.: PONTIF TR P VIII COS II, Salus seated left, feeding serpent coiled around altar.
Gs. 2,9 mm. 18,1
Cohen 422, RIC 82
Maxentius
severus_alexander_ric_IVb_409.jpg
29 viewsSEVERUS ALEXANDER
AE As 233 A.D.
26.1 mm, 11.9 grams
OBV: IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate, draped bust right.
REV: PONTIF M TR P II COS P P, Securitas seated left, by lighted alter, holding scepter and supporting her head on left hand.
S-C under.
RIC- IVb- 409
ziggy9
Tiberius_Berytus_4.jpg
3 Tiberius Berytus28 viewsTIBERIUS 14-37 AD
Æ 27mm (19.74 g, 12h). Berytus mint.

[TI] • CAESAR • AVGVST • F • IMPERAT • [VII], bare head right / COL • IVL, Pontiff veiled in toga driving yoke of oxen right, plowing pomerium.

RPC I 4543; AUB 39; BMC 68. Near VF
Ex-CNG Sale XXII 9/2/92
RI0049
Sosius
Tiberius_Pontif_Maxim.jpg
3 Tiberius Denarius29 viewsTIBERIUS
AR Denarius (3.5 g)
Lugdunum mint, struck 18-35 AD

TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS - Laureate head right / PONTIF MAXIM; Livia, as Pax, seated r., holding olive branch & long scepter; ornate chair legs

RIC 30; BMCRE 48; RSC 16a.
Cleaning scratches. Discussed and authenticated on FORVM ancient coins board
RI0051
Sosius
Drusus_As.jpg
3.5 Drusus21 viewsDRUSUS CAESAR
Æ As. Struck under Tiberius, 21-22 AD.

DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, bare head left / PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER around large S•C.

Cohen 2, RIC 45 (Tiberius), Cohen 2, BMC 99 VG/aF
RI0034
Sosius
Vespasian_RSC_387.jpg
10 Vespasian Denarius, 73 AD11 viewsVESPASIAN
AR Denarius. 73 AD

O: IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS, laureate head right

R: PONTIF MAXIM, Vespasian seated right, holding scepter & branch.

RSC 387, BMC 98, Sear 2305; Fine
Ex-Littleton Coin Co.
RI0065
Sosius
Caracalla_RIC_111~0.jpg
25 Caracalla Denarius15 viewsCaracalla
AR Denarius. 209 AD

ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right / PONTIF TR P XII COS III, Concordia seated left, holding patera and double cornucopiae.

RSC 465, RIC 111, Sear 6868
Sosius
Lepidus_Mark_Antony_Quinarius.jpg
Mark Antony and Lepidus52 viewsThe Triumvirs. Mark Antony and Lepidus, 43 B.C. AR quinarius
Military mint traveling with Antony and Lepidus in Transalpine Gaul, 43 B.C.
O: M ANT IMP, emblems of the augurate: lituus, capis, and raven standing left.
R: LEP IMP, emblems of the pontificate: simpulum, aspergillum, securis, and apex.
-Crawford 489/3; CRI 120; Sydenham 1158a; RSC 3.
4 commentsNemonater
00005x00.jpg
24 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.15 g, 12 h)
Togate priest standing left, holding patera
Modius with three grain ears, A C flanking
Rostowzew 1571 var. (size, no modius)

AC may stand for “Antoninus Caesar”, thereby making the togate figure the emperor in the guise of Pontifex Maximus. The presence of a modius also suggests a relation to the annona, implying a reading of “Annona Caesaris.”
Ardatirion
tetricus2-pietas-avgg.JPG
RIC.255 Tetricus II: antoninianus (Pietas Avgg)8 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Pietas Avgg (6th emission, 272-273, Cologne)

Billon, 2.30 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 6h

A/ C P E TET[RICVS CAE]S; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left
R/ [P]IETAS AVGG; pontifical instruments variously arranged (vase handle on the right)

EG.305
Droger
tetricus2-pietas-avgg2.JPG
RIC.255 Tetricus II: antoninianus (Pietas Avgg)11 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Pietas Avgg (6th emission, 272-273, Cologne)

Billon, 2.30 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 6h

A/ C P E TETRICVS CAES; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left
R/ PIETAS AVGG; pontifical instruments variously arranged (vase handle on the left)

EG.305
Droger
tiberius_denarius_res_trib.jpg
"Tribute Penny"--TIBERIUS95 views14 - 37 AD
minted 18 - 35 AD
AR Denarius ("Tribute Penny")
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS; laureate head right
R: PONTIF MAXIM; Livia as Pax, seated right on throne with ornate legs, holding long scepter and olive branch; single line below
Lugdunum mint
RIC 30, RSC 16a
laney
normal_tiberius_denarius_res_trib~0.jpg
(00040a) LIVIA (with Tiberius)34 views(wife of Augustus; mother of Tiberius; grandmother of Claudius)
b. 58 BC - d. 29 AD
minted 18 - 35 AD
AR Denarius ("Tribute Penny")
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS; laureate head right
R: PONTIF MAXIM; Livia as Pax, seated right on throne with ornate legs, holding long scepter and olive branch; single line below
Lugdunum mint
RIC 30, RSC 16a
laney
TIBERIUS_RED.jpg
(03) TIBERIUS36 viewsstruck 35-36 AD
AE As 26.46 mm 9.5 g
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII, Laur head left
R: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXIIII S C, Winged Caduceus
RIC 44, Sear 1771
laney
tiberius.jpg
(03) TIBERIUS25 views14 - 37 AD
(struck 22-23 AD)
AE 28 mm 8.85 g
O: __AES DIVI AVG F AVG__
Bare head left
R: __PONTIF MAXIM TRIB__, legend surrounding large SC
ROME RIC 44
laney
tiberius_denarius_res_c.jpg
(03) TIBERIUS63 views14 - 37 AD
minted 18 - 35 AD
AR Denarius ("Tribute Penny")
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS; laureate head right
R: PONTIF MAXIM; Livia as Pax, seated right on throne with ornate legs, holding long scepter and olive branch; single line below
Lugdunum mint
RIC 30, RSC 16a
1 commentslaney
LPisoFrugiDenarius_S235.jpg
(502a) Roman Republic, L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, 90 B.C.157 viewsSilver denarius, S 235, Calpurnia 11, Crawford 340/1, Syd 663a, VF, rainbow toning, Rome mint, 3.772g, 18.5mm, 180o, 90 B.C. obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, scorpion behind; Reverse naked horseman galloping right holding palm, L PISO FRVGI and control number CXI below; ex-CNA XV 6/5/91, #443. Ex FORVM.


A portion of the following text is a passage taken from the excellent article “The Calpurnii and Roman Family History: An Analysis of the Piso Frugi Coin in the Joel Handshu Collection at the College of Charleston,” by Chance W. Cook:

In the Roman world, particularly prior to the inception of the principate, moneyers were allotted a high degree of latitude to mint their coins as they saw fit. The tres viri monetales, the three men in charge of minting coins, who served one-year terms, often emblazoned their coins with an incredible variety of images and inscriptions reflecting the grandeur, history, and religion of Rome. Yet also prominent are references to personal or familial accomplishments; in this manner coins were also a means by which the tres viri monetales could honor their forbearers. Most obvious from an analysis of the Piso Frugi denarius is the respect and admiration that Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who minted the coin, had for his ancestors. For the images he selected for his dies relate directly to the lofty deeds performed by his Calpurnii forbearers in the century prior to his term as moneyer. The Calpurnii were present at many of the watershed events in the late Republic and had long distinguished themselves in serving the state, becoming an influential and well-respected family whose defense of traditional Roman values cannot be doubted.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who was moneyer in 90 B.C., depicted Apollo on the obverse and the galloping horseman on the reverse, as does his son Gaius. However, all of L. Piso Frugi’s coins have lettering similar to “L-PISO-FRVGI” on the reverse, quite disparate from his son Gaius’ derivations of “C-PISO-L-F-FRV.”

Moreover, C. Piso Frugi coins are noted as possessing “superior workmanship” to those produced by L. Piso Frugi.

The Frugi cognomen, which became hereditary, was first given to L. Calpurnius Piso, consul in 133 B.C., for his integrity and overall moral virtue. Cicero is noted as saying that frugal men possessed the three cardinal Stoic virtues of bravery, justice, and wisdom; indeed in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, a synonym of frugalitas is bonus, generically meaning “good” but also implying virtuous behavior. Gary Forsythe notes that Cicero would sometimes invoke L. Calpurnius Piso’s name at the beginning of speeches as “a paragon of moral rectitude” for his audience.

L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi’s inclusion of the laureled head of Apollo, essentially the same obverse die used by his son Gaius (c. 67 B.C.), was due to his family’s important role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares, the Games of Apollo, which were first instituted in 212 B.C. at the height of Hannibal’s invasion of Italy during the Second Punic War. By that time, Hannibal had crushed Roman armies at Cannae, seized Tarentum and was invading Campania.

Games had been used throughout Roman history as a means of allaying the fears
of the populace and distracting them from issues at hand; the Ludi Apollinares were no different. Forsythe follows the traditional interpretation that in 211 B.C., when C. Calpurnius Piso was praetor, he became the chief magistrate in Rome while both consuls were absent and the three other praetors were sent on military expeditions against Hannibal.

At this juncture, he put forth a motion in the Senate to make the Ludi Apollinares a yearly event, which was passed; the Ludi Apollinares did indeed become an important festival, eventually spanning eight days in the later Republic. However, this interpretation is debatable; H.H. Scullard suggests that the games were not made permanent until 208 B.C. after a severe plague prompted the Senate to make them a fixture on the calendar. The Senators believed Apollo would serve as a “healing god” for the people of Rome.

Nonetheless, the Calpurnii obviously believed their ancestor had played an integral role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares and thus prominently displayed
the head or bust of Apollo on the obverse of the coins they minted.

The meaning of the galloping horseman found on the reverse of the L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi coin is more complicated. It is possible that this is yet another reference to the Ludi Apollinares. Chariot races in the Circus Maximus were a major component of the games, along with animal hunts and theatrical performances.

A more intriguing possibility is that the horseman is a reference to C. Calpurnius Piso, son of the Calpurnius Piso who is said to have founded the Ludi Apollinares. This C. Calpurnius Piso was given a military command in 186 B.C. to quell a revolt in Spain. He was victorious, restoring order to the province and also gaining significant wealth in the process.

Upon his return to Rome in 184, he was granted a triumph by the Senate and eventually erected an arch on the Capitoline Hill celebrating his victory. Of course
the arch prominently displayed the Calpurnius name. Piso, however, was not an infantry commander; he led the cavalry.

The difficulty in accepting C. Calpurnius Piso’s victory in Spain as the impetus for the galloping horseman image is that not all of C. Piso Frugi’s coins depict the horseman or cavalryman carrying the palm, which is a symbol of victory. One is inclined to believe that the victory palm would be prominent in all of the coins minted by C. Piso Frugi (the son of L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi) if it indeed signified the great triumph of C. Calpurnius Piso in 186 B.C. Yet the palm’s appearance is clearly not a direct reference to military feats of C. Piso Frugi’s day. As noted, it is accepted that his coins were minted in 67 B.C.; in that year, the major victory by Roman forces was Pompey’s swift defeat of the pirates throughout the Mediterranean.

Chrestomathy: Annual Review of Undergraduate Research at the College of Charleston. Volume 1, 2002: pp. 1-10© 2002 by the College of Charleston, Charleston SC 29424, USA.All rights to be retained by the author.
http://www.cofc.edu/chrestomathy/vol1/cook.pdf


There are six (debatably seven) prominent Romans who have been known to posterity as Lucius Calpurnius Piso:

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: (d. 261 A.D.) a Roman usurper, whose existence is
questionable, based on the unreliable Historia Augusta.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus: deputy Roman Emperor, 10 January 69 to15 January
69, appointed by Galba.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 27 A.D.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 1 B.C., augur

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 15 B.C., pontifex

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus: Consul in 58 B.C. (the uncle of Julius Caesar)

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: Moneyer in 90 B.C. (our man)


All but one (or two--if you believe in the existence of "Frugi the usurper" ca. 261 A.D.) of these gentlemen lack the Frugi cognomen, indicating they are not from the same direct lineage as our moneyer, though all are Calpurnii.

Calpurnius Piso Frugi's massive issue was intended to support the war against the Marsic Confederation. The type has numerous variations and control marks.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucius_Calpurnius_Piso
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=55&pos=0

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


2 commentsCleisthenes
Caesar_AR-Den-plated_CAESAR-elephant-right__Syd-1014_Crawf_443-1_C-49_Gaul-mint_49-48-BC_Q-002_5h_17x20mm_2,26g-s~0.jpg
001 Caesar (100-44 B.C.), AR-denarius, Crawf 443-1, Plated (Fouree), Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), #266 views001 Caesar (100-44 B.C.), AR-denarius, Crawf 443-1, Plated (Fouree), Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), #2
avers:-CAESAR in exergue, elephant right, trampling on serpent.
revers:- Simpulum, sprinkler, axe (surmounted by a wolf's head) and priest's hat.
exerg:-/-//CAESAR, diameter: 17-20mm, weight: 2,66g, axes: 5h,
mint: Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), date: 49-48 B.C., ref: Crawford-443/1, Sydneham-1006, RSC-49, BMCRR (Gaul) 27
Q-002
"This is the first coin struck in the name of Julius Caesar. The symbolism on the obverse apparently alludes to the conquest of good over evil, Caesar's victory over the Gauls, while the reverse refers to Caesar's possession of the office of Pontifex Maximus."
1 commentsquadrans
Caesar_AR-Den_CAESAR-elephant-right__Syd-1006_Crawf_443-1_C-49_Gaul-mint_49-48-BC_Q-001_axis-7h_xxmm_x,xxxg-s.jpg
001 Caesar (100-44 B.C.), Crawf 443-1, Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), AR-denarius, #1186 views001 Caesar (100-44 B.C.), Crawf 443-1, Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), AR-denarius, #1
avers:-CAESAR in exergue, elephant right, trampling on serpent.
revers:- Simpulum, sprinkler, axe (surmounted by a wolf's head) and priest's hat.
exerg:-/-//CAESAR, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,65g, axes: 10h,
mint: Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), date: 49-48 B.C., ref: Crawford-443/1, Sydneham-1006, RSC-49, BMCRR (Gaul) 27
Q-001
"This is the first coin struck in the name of Julius Caesar. The symbolism on the obverse apparently alludes to the conquest of good over evil, Caesar's victory over the Gauls, while the reverse refers to Caesar's possession of the office of Pontifex Maximus."
quadrans
Caesar_AR-Den-plated_CAESAR-elephant-right__Syd-1014_Crawf_443-1_C-49_Gaul-mint_49-48-BC_Q-002_5h_17x20mm_2,26g-s.jpg
001 Caesar (100-44 B.C.), Crawf 443-1, Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), AR-denarius, Plated (Fouree), #2121 views001 Caesar (100-44 B.C.), Crawf 443-1, Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), AR-denarius, Plated (Fouree), #2
avers:-CAESAR in exergue, elephant right, trampling on serpent.
revers:- Simpulum, sprinkler, axe (surmounted by a wolf's head) and priest's hat.
exerg:-/-//CAESAR, diameter: 17-20mm, weight: 2,66g, axes: 5h,
mint: Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), date: 49-48 B.C., ref: Crawford-443/1, Sydneham-1006, RSC-49, BMCRR (Gaul) 27
Q-002
"This is the first coin struck in the name of Julius Caesar. The symbolism on the obverse apparently alludes to the conquest of good over evil, Caesar's victory over the Gauls, while the reverse refers to Caesar's possession of the office of Pontifex Maximus."
quadrans
1.jpg
001 Julius Caesar. AR denarius 4.5gm51 views0bv: CAESAR elephant trampling serpent
rev: pontifical emplaments,simpulum,asperginum,axe and apex
2 commentshill132
0025.jpg
0025 - Denarius Tiberius 14-37 AC37 viewsObv/TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, Tiberius laureate head r.
Rev/PONTIF MAXIM, female figure (Livia or Pax) seated r., r. holding long vertical sceptre, l. branch, on chair with plain legs above double line.

Ag, 19.0mm, 3.70g
Mint: Lugdunum.
RIC I/26 [C] - RCV 1763 - BMCRE 34 - CBN 16 - RSC 16
ex-Áureo, auction 25 apr 2007, lot 1019
1 commentsdafnis
004.jpg
003 TIBERIUS 14 viewsEMPEROR:Tiberius
DENOMINATION: Denarius
OBVERSE: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right
REVERSE: PONTIF MAXIM, Livia, as Pax, holding long sceptre & olive branch, seated right on throne with ornate legs, single line below
DATE: Ad 14-37
MINT: Lugdunum
WEIGHT: 3.59 g
RIC: I.30 (C)
Barnaba6
coin222.JPG
003. Tiberius (14 AD - 37 AD)68 viewsTiberius.

Hard and secretive by nature and embittered by the neglect with which his step- father allowed him to be treated, he did not arouse personal enthusiasm, and until recently was described by historians as a bloody tyrant. It is only during the last sixty years that he has been more fairly judged, and at present the opinion begins to prevail that he was a genuine Roman, a ruler faithful to his duties, just, wise, and self-contained. The strong opposition which grew up against him was due to his taciturn and domineering disposition, and to the influence of the prefect of the guard, Ælius Sejanus, who alone possessed his confidence.

Lugdunum mint. TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / PONTIF MAXIM, Livia, as Pax, seated right, holding olive branch & long scepter RSC 16a. Ex Calgary
ecoli
4.jpg
004 Tiberius. AR denarius 3.7gm65 viewsobv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS laur. head r.
rev: PONTIF MAXIM female fig. seated r. holding long vertical scepter.
l. branches, chair legs are ornamental with line below
4 commentshill132
Tiberius_AR-Den_TI-CAESAR-DIVI-AVG-F-AVGVSTVS_PONTIF-MAXIM_RIC-29_C-15_Lugdunum_14-37-AD_Q-007_axis-7h_xxmm_x,xxxg-s.jpg
005 Tiberius (14-37 A.D.), RIC I 029, Lugdunum, AR-denarius, PONTIF MAXIM ,Livia, as Pax, seated right,180 views005 Tiberius (14-37 A.D.), RIC I 029, Lugdunum, AR-denarius, PONTIF MAXIM ,Livia, as Pax, seated right,
avers:- TI-CAESAR-DIVI-AVG-F-AVGVSTVS, Laureate head right.
revers:- PONTIF-MAXIM, Livia, as Pax, seated right.
exerg: -, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 14-37 A.D., ref: RIC-29, C-15,
Q-001
quadrans
Tiberius(14-37AD)_AE-Ast_TI-CAESAR-DIVI-AVG-F-AVGVST-IMP-VIII_PONTIF-MAXIM-TRIBVN-POTEST-XXIIII_S-C_RIC-44_BMC-91_C-25_Rome-21-22-AD_Q-001_6h_26mm_9,45ga-s.jpg
005 Tiberius (14-37 A.D.), RIC I 044, Rome, AE-As, PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXIIII, Around large S•C,112 views005 Tiberius (14-37 A.D.), RIC I 044, Rome, AE-As, PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXIIII, Around large S•C,
avers:-TI-CAESAR-DIVI-AVG-F-AVGVST-IMP-VIII, Bare head of Tiberius left.
revers:-PONTIF-MAXIM-TRIBVN-POTEST-XXIIII, Around large S•C.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 26mm, weight: 9,45 g, axes: 6 h,
mint: Rome, date: 21-22 A.D., ref: RIC I 44, BMC-91, C-25,
Q-001
quadrans
Tiberius_AE-As_GVSTVS_PONTIF-MAXIM_RIC-58_C-__14-37-AD_Q-007_axis-0h_24-25mm_1015g-s.jpg
005 Tiberius (14-37 A.D.), RIC I 058, Rome, AE-As, PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXXVII, Rare!!182 views005 Tiberius (14-37 A.D.), RIC I 058, Rome, AE-As, PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXXVII, Rare!!
avers:-TI-CAESAR-DIVI-AVG-F-AVGVST-IMP-VIII, Laureate head of Tiberius left.
revers:-PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXXVII, Rudder standing vertically before large banded globe, small globe at base of rudder to left, S—C at edge of left & right fields, dotted border.
exerg:S/C//--, diameter: 24,5-25,5mm, weight: 10,14 g, axes: 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: 35-36 A.D., ref: RIC I 58,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
0054~0.jpg
0054 - Denarius Vespasian 71 AC16 viewsObv/IMP CAESAR VESP AVG PM, Vespasian laureate head r.
Rev/AVGVR TRI POT, l. to r. simpulum, aspergillum, jug and lituus (emblems of the augurate and potificate).

Ag, 18.9mm, 3.19g
Mint: Rome.
RIC II.1/356 [CC] - RCV 2282 - BMCRE 64 - RSC 45
ex-Numismática Craven (Valencia Coin Fair)
dafnis
8.jpg
008 Drusus. AE as 11.4gm34 viewsobv: DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N bare head l.
rev: PONTIF TRIBVN POTESTITER/SC in center
"son of tiberus and Vispania"
1 commentshill132
Caesar_Elephant.jpg
01 01 Julius Caesar 106 viewsJulius Caesar. 49-44 B.C. AR Denarius. Military mint traveling with Caesar in Gaul. c. 49-48 B.C. (3.72g, 19.0m, 4h). Obv: CAESAR in ex., elephant r. trampling serpent. Rev: simpulum, sprinkler, axe surmounted by wolf’s head, and apex. Cr 443/1; Syd. 1006.

This is the first issue in Caesar’s name. The obverse could symbolize the victory of good over evil in general, or the victory of Caesar’s forces over the Pompeians specifically. The reverse clearly refers to Caesar’s status as Pontifex Maximus.
3 commentsLucas H
Julius_Caesar,_Donative.jpg
01 05 Julius Caesar27 viewsJulius Caesar. AR Denarius. Utica? Mint. 46 A.D. (3.7g, 16mm, 10h). Obv: DICT ITER COS TERT, head of Ceres right, wreathed with grain. Rev: AVGVR PONT MAX, emblems of the augurate and pontificate; aspergillum, guttus, and lituus; M (munus=gift) to right. Craw. 467/1b, Syd. 1024.

This was likely used as a donative by Caesar during his triumph of 46 B.C. While porous, this example is well centered, and the M is clearly on the flan.
Lucas H
536Hadrian_RIC551a.jpg
0150 Hadrian Sestertius Roma 118 AD Fortuna52 viewsReference.
RIC III, 150; RIC II, 551a; Banti 414; Strack 515

Bust A4

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate bare bust with drapery

Rev. PONT MAX TR POT COS II S C FORT RED (S-C in ex.)
Fortuna, draped, seated left on low seat, holding rudder on ground in right hand and cornucopiae in left.

26.04 gr
33 mm
h

Note. Matt Smith
Legend: reads PONT(ifex) MAX(imus) TR(ibunicia) POT(estate) COS [II], or “Pontifex Maximus, Tribunicia Potestas [i.e. endowed with power of tribune], Consul for the second time.
okidoki
1397Hadrian_RIC_III150.jpg
0150 Hadrian Sestertius Roma 118 AD Fortuna seated9 viewsReference.
RIC III, 150; Strack 515; RIC II, 551a; Banti 416

Bust A4 with Aegis

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate bare bust with Aegis

Rev. PONT MAX TR POT COS II S C FORT RED (S-C in ex.)
Fortuna, draped, seated left on low seat, holding rudder on ground in right hand and cornucopiae in left.

25.10 gr
33 mm
6h

Note.
Legend: reads PONT(ifex) MAX(imus) TR(ibunicia) POT(estate) COS [II], or “Pontifex Maximus, Tribunicia Potestas
[i.e. endowed with power of tribune], Consul for the second time.
okidoki
IMG_7130.JPG
018. Drusus, son of Tiberius (Died 23 A.D.)26 viewsAv.: DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N
Rv.: PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER / S-C

AE As Ø29 / 10.8g
RIC 45 Rome, Cohen 2
Juancho
0185.jpg
0185 - As Augustus 2-1 BC35 viewsObv/ AVGVSTVS DIVI F, bare head of A. r.
Rev/ C VAR RVF SEX IVL (P)OL II VIR Q, pontifical instruments (aspergillum, simpullum, ax and apex).

AE, 28.9 mm, 12.88 g
Mint: Carthago Nova.
APRH/167a [36 dies] – RPC I/167
ex-AENP Numismatic Convention, Madrid, march 2014 (Miró)
dafnis
0191.jpg
0191 - Denarius Nero 60-61 AC48 viewsObv/NERO CAESAR AVG IMP, bare head of Nero r.
Rev/PONTIF MAX TR P VII COS III PP, Ceres standing l. holding two ears of grain and long torch; EX SC in field.

Ag, 18.5mm, 3.38g
Mint: Rome
RIC I/24 [R3] - BMCRE I/35
ex-Silbury Coins, art.# LR638
1 commentsdafnis
Tiberius.jpg
02 Tiberius44 viewsTiberius. 14-37 AD. AR Denarius. TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST, laureate head right / PONTIF MAXIM, Livia, as Pax, seated right; plain legs to chair. BMCRE 34; RSC 16. Weight, 3.78 g. Die Axis, 6hr.

mix_val
Augustus_RIC_220.jpg
02 Augustus RIC I 022047 viewsAugustus 27 B.C.-14 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum Mint 13-14 A.D. (3.57g, 19.5, 0 h). Obv: [CAESAR AVGVSTVS] DVI F PATER PATRRIAE, laureate head r. REV: [PONTIF] MAXIM, Liva as Pax seated r. on low-backed chair, vertical scepter in r., branch in left. RIC I 220 (R2), RSC 223.

Worn and on an irregular flan, I still wanted this example because of the reverse. Minted in his last year as emperor, this was Augustus’ precursor to Tiberius’ “tribute penny.” While this was one of many types during Augustus’ reign, it was one very few types for Tiberius.
1 commentsLucas H
Tribute_pennyBlack.jpg
02 Tiberius RIC 2639 viewsTiberius 14-37 AD. AR Denarius. Lugdunum Mint. 14-37 AD. Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head facing right. Rev: PONTIF MAXIM, female figure seated right, holding sceptre and branch.
RIC 26; BMC 34; RSC 16.

Ex: Ancient Delights
Paddy
RI_020a_img.jpg
020 - Nero Denarius - RIC 28 (Pre-reform)61 viewsObv:– NERO CAESAR AVG IMP, Bare head right
Rev:– PONTIF MAX TR P VII COS IIII P P, Oak leaves, surrounding EX SC
Minted in Lugdunum. A.D. 60-61
References:– RIC II 28 (R3)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
tb2971.JPG
020 Tiberius 33 viewsTiberius Æ As. TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII?, bare head left / PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXI[III?] around large SC. Randygeki(h2)
t3070.JPG
020 Tiberius 39 viewsTiberius Æ As. TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII, Laureate head left / PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXXVII, S-C across field, Winged caduceus. RIC 59, Cohen 22, BMC 120Randygeki(h2)
Vespasian_AR-Den_IMP-CAES-VESP-AVG-CENS_PONTIF-MAXIM_RIC-546_RICnew-77_C-387_Rome_73-AD_Q-001_axis-1h_18-18,5mm_3,16g-s.jpg
020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC 0546, RIC (1962) 065, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF MAXIM, Emperor seated right, 303 views020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC 0546, RIC (1962) 065, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF MAXIM, Emperor seated right,
avers:- IMP-CAES-VESP-AVG-CENS, Laureate head right.
revers:- PONTIF-MAXIM, Vespasian seated right, holding scepter and branch.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18-18,5 mm, weight: 3,16 g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 73 A.D., ref: RIC 0546, RIC (1962) 065, p-21, S-, C-387, BMC 98,
Q-001
quadrans
024~2.JPG
021 Drusus15 viewsDrusus Caesar Æ As. Struck under Tiberius, 21-22 AD. DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, bare head left / PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER around large S•C.
RIC 45 (Tiberius), Cohen 2, BMC 99
Randygeki(h2)
Tiberius-RIC-3.jpg
021. Tiberius.23 viewsDenarius, ca 16 - 37 AD, Lugdunum mint.
Obverse: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS / Laureate bust of Tiberius.
Reverse: PONTIF MAXIM / Livia seated, as Pax, holding branch and sceptre.
3.56 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #3; Sear #1763.

Because this is the denarius that was in circulation at the time of Jesus, this coin is often called the "Tribute Penny" -- a name which is derived from the Authorized (King James) Version of the Bible where the word denarius was translated as penny.
Callimachus
028.jpg
022 MACRINUS17 viewsEMPEROR: Macrinus
DENOMINATION: Denarius
OBVERSE: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right
REVERSE: / PONTIF MAX TR P COS PP, Fides standing front, foot on helmet, standard in each hand
DATE: 217 AD
MINT: Antiochia
WEIGHT: 2.89 g
RIC: 22a
Barnaba6
22.jpg
022 Titus. AR Denarius 3.5gm24 viewsobv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN laur. head r.
rev: PONTIF TR P COS IIII Pax seated l. holding olive branch
1 commentshill132
RICa_0783,RIC_II(1962)0185(Vesp_),_022_Titus_(69-79_A_D_Cae_79-81ADAug),_AR-Den_T-CAESAR-IMP-VESPASIANVS,_PONTIF_TR_P_COS-IIII,_Rome_75-AD_Q-001_6h_18,5-19,5mm_3,24g-s.jpg
022a Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0783, RIC II(1962) 0185 (Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Roma, PONTIF TR P COS IIII, Pax seated left, #1182 views022a Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0783, RIC II(1962) 0185 (Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Roma, PONTIF TR P COS IIII, Pax seated left, #1
avers:- T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS, Laureate head right.
revers:- PONTIF TR P COS IIII, Pax seated left, holding olive branch.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19,5mm, weight: 3,24g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 75 A.D., ref: RIC 0782, RIC II(1962) 0185 (Vespasian) p-36, RSC 162, BMC 172,
Q-001
6 commentsquadrans
RIC_191__Caracalla.jpg
024. Caracalla 211-217. AR Denarius. 66 viewsRome mint. AR Denarius.

Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT

Laureate and draped bust of Caracalla to right.

Rev: PONTIF TR P XIIII COS III

Virtus standing right with spear & parazonium, foot on helmet.

RIC 191.

EF
LordBest
03_Tiberius,_RIC_I_30.jpg
03 02 Tiberius RIC 30152 viewsTiberius. 14-37 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum (Lyon) Mint. 3.78 g., 19 mm. Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right. Rev: PONTIF MAXIM, Livia as Pax, seated right, holding scepter and olive branch. Feet on footstool. Ornate chair legs. One line below throne. RIC I 30, RSC 16a.

The well known "tribute penny." When brought a coin as requested, Jesus asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denarius type is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible.
8 commentsLucas H
tiberiuscombhoriz.jpg
03. TIBERIUS20 views14 - 37 AD
struck 35-36 AD
AE As 26.46 mm 9.5 g
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII, Laur head left
R: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXIIII S C, Winged Caduceus
RIC 44, Sear 1771
laney
RI_030n_img.jpg
030 - Vespasian Denarius - RIC 06536 viewsObv:– IMP CAESAR VESP AVG CENS, Laureate head right
Rev:– PONTIF MAXIM, Vespasian seated right, holding sceptre and branch.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 73
Reference:– BMC 98. RIC II 65. RSC 387.

Weight 3.21g. 20.15mm.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RIC_26_Denario_Tiberio.jpg
04-01- TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)34 viewsAR Denario 20 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas sin ornamentos apoyadas en una plataforma (doble-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #26 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8 Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16 Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
RIC_26_Denario_Tiberio_1.jpg
04-02 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)24 viewsAR Denario 19x18 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas sin ornamentos apoyadas en una plataforma (doble-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #26 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8 Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16 Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
AS TIBERIO RIC 464.jpg
04-03 - TIBERIO Como Cesar de Augusto (4 - 14 D.C.)67 viewsAE AS 29 mm 9.0 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR AVGVST F IMP[ERAT V]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIFEX TRIB[VN] POTESTATE X[II]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 8 - 10 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 (Augustus) #469 Pag.78 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1755 var. Pag.345 - BMCRE (Augustus) #271 - Cohen Vol.1 #27 Pag.192 - DVM #3 Pag.75 - CBN (Augustus) #878
mdelvalle
AS TIBERIO RIC 464_1.jpg
04-04 - TIBERIO Como Cesar de Augusto (4 - 14 D.C.)66 viewsAE AS 29 x 28 mm 9.3 gr.

Anv: "[TI C]AESAR AVGV[ST F IMPERAT V]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[PONTIFEX·TRIB]VN·POTESTATE·X[II]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 8 - 10 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 (Augustus) #469 Pag.78 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1755 var. Pag.345 - BMCRE (Augustus) #271 - Cohen Vol.1 #27 Pag.192 - DVM #3 Pag.75 - CBN (Augustus) #878
mdelvalle
RIC_28_Denario_Forrado_Tiberio.jpg
04-05 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)26 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA,
Denario Forrado 18.5 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas directamente en el piso, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.
Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #28 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #45 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8b Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16b Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
RIC_28_Denario_Tiberio.jpg
04-06 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)26 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas en una plataforma (triple-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #28 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #45 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8b Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16b Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
Denario_Tiberius_RIC_30_2_Fourree.jpg
04-09 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)45 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA,
Denario Forrado 19x18 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas directamente en el piso, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.
Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.
Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #30 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol. I #42 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8a Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16b Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
RIC_30_Denario_Forrado_Tiberio.jpg
04-09 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)21 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA,
Denario Forrado 19x18 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas directamente en el piso, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.
Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.
Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #30 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol. I #42 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8a Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16b Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
Denario Tiberio RIC 26.jpg
04-10 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)108 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas sin ornamentos, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Acuñada 14 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #26 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8 Pag.75 - CBN #5 - RSC Vol. II #16 Pag.1
1 commentsmdelvalle
Denario_Tiberio_RIC_26_anterior.jpg
04-10 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)69 viewsAnv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas sin ornamentos apoyadas en una plataforma (doble-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #26 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8 Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16 Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
Denario_Tiberio_RIC_26_1.jpg
04-11 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)70 viewsAR Denario 19x18 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas sin ornamentos apoyadas en una plataforma (doble-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #26 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8 Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16 Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
Denario_Tiberio_RIC_29_2.jpg
04-12 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)86 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas en una plataforma (triple-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #28 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #45 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8b Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16b Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
RIC_30_Denario_Tiberio.jpg
04-12 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)22 viewsAR Denario 18x16 mm 3.6 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas directamente en el piso, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda, Livia descansa sus pies sobre una pequeña plataforma.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #30 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #48 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8c Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16a Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
Denario_Tiberio_RIC_30_1.jpg
04-14 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)91 viewsAR Denario 18x16 mm 3.6 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas directamente en el piso, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda, Livia descansa sus pies sobre una pequeña plataforma.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #30 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #48 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8c Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16a Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
1 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_469_AS_Tiberio.jpg
04-15 - TIBERIO Como Cesar de Augusto (4 - 14 D.C.)16 viewsAE AS 29 mm 9.0 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR AVGVST F IMP[ERAT V]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIFEX TRIB[VN] POTESTATE X[II]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 8 - 10 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.I (Augustus) #469 Pag.78 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1755 var. Pag.345 - BMCRE (Augustus) #271 - Cohen Vol.1 #27 Pag.192 - DVM #3 Pag.75 - CBN (Augustus) #878
mdelvalle
RIC_469_AS_Tiberio_1.jpg
04-16 - TIBERIO Como Cesar de Augusto (4 - 14 D.C.)17 viewsAE AS 29 x 28 mm 9.3 gr.

Anv: "[TI C]AESAR AVGV[ST F IMPERAT V]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[PONTIFEX·TRIB]VN·POTESTATE·X[II]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 8 - 10 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.I (Augustus) #469 Pag.78 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1755 var. Pag.345 - BMCRE (Augustus) #271 - Cohen Vol.1 #27 Pag.192 - DVM #3 Pag.75 - CBN (Augustus) #878
mdelvalle
RIC_33_AS_Tiberio.jpg
04-20 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)15 viewsAE AS 27 mm 9.0 gr.

Anv: "CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS IMP VII" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XVII" - Livia ? sedente en trono a derecha, portando Cetro largo vertical en mano izq. y Patera en su mano der. extendida. "S C " en los campos.

Acuñada 15-16 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R3

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #33 Pag.96 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1769 var. (Busto) Pag.348 - BMCRE #65 Pag.128 - Cohen Vol.1 (Tiberio) #17 Pag.191 - DVM #15 var. (Busto) Pag.76 - CBN II #39 Pag.44
mdelvalle
ClaudI97or113.jpg
041-054 AD - Claudius - RIC I 097 or 113 - Libertas Reverse47 viewsEmperor: Claudius (r. 41-54 AD)
Date: 41-54 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: As

Obverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP (P P?)
Tiberius Claudius Caesar Emperor Pontifex Maximus Tribunicia Potestas Imperator (Pater Patriae?)
Bare head left

Reverse: LIBERTAS AVGVSTA
S - C to left and right
The Emperor restores liberty.
Libertas, draped, standing facing, head right, right holding pileus, left extended.

Rome mint
RIC I Claudius 97 or 113; VM 16
6.38g; 29.3mm; 210°
1 commentsPep
48c.jpg
048c Caracalla. AR denarius18 viewsobv: ANTONINIVS AVGVSTVS laur. drp. bust r.
rev: PONTIF TR P III nude Caracalla as Sol, std. l. holding globe
and scepter or spear
hill132
48e.jpg
048e Caracalla. AR denarius21 viewsobv: ANTONINIVS PIVS AVG laur head r.
rev: PONTIF TR P XII COS III Caracalla galloping l. trampling foeman
hill132
Druso_AS.jpg
05 - 10 - DRUSO (20 - 23 D.C.)135 viewsAE AS 28.65 mm 10.05 gr.
Emisión póstuma restituida por su padre Tiberio

Anv: "DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 23 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 (Tiberio) #45 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1794 - BMCRE #99 - Cohen Vol.1 #2
1 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_45_AS_Druso_Cesar.jpg
05 - 10 - DRUSO (20 - 23 D.C.)15 viewsAE AS 28.65 mm 10.05 gr.
Emisión póstuma restituida por su padre Tiberio

Anv: "DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 23 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.I (Tiberio) #45 Pag.97 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1794 Pag.354 - BMCRE (Tiberius) #99 - Cohen Vol.1 #2 Pag.217 - CBN (Tiberius) #78
mdelvalle
Caracalla_Ar-Den_M-AVR-ANTON-CAES-PONTIF_DESTINATO-IMPERAT_RIC-6__C-53_Rome-198_AD_Q-001_axis-h_16mm_2,63g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 006a, Rome, AR-Denarius, DESTINATO IMPERAT, Sacrificial implements, Scarce!,105 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 006a, Rome, AR-Denarius, DESTINATO IMPERAT, Sacrificial implements, Scarce!,
avers:- M-AVR-ANTON-CAES-PONTIF, Bare-headed, draped bust right.
revers:- DESTINATO-IMPERAT, Sacrificial implements: lituus, axe, cruet, simpulum and sprinkle.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 16mm, weight: 2,63g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 196-198 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-6, p-212, C-53,
Q-001
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Caracalla_AR-Den_IMP-CAES-M-AVR-ANTON-AVG_PONTI-FE-X-TR-P-II_RIC-IV-I-27-p-216_C-572_Rome_198-199-AD_R_Q-001_1h_16,5-18mm_3,11g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 027, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIFEX TR P II, Caracalla in military dress standing left, Rare !!162 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 027, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIFEX TR P II, Caracalla in military dress standing left, Rare !!
avers:- IMP-CAES-M-AVR-ANTON-AVG, Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers:- PONTI-FE-X-TR-P-II, Caracalla in military dress standing left, holding Victory on globe and spear reversed, captive seated at feet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-18mm, weight: 3,11g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 198-199 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-027, p-216, C-572, Rare!!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-AVGVSTVS_PONTIF-TR-P-III_RIC-IV-I-30a-p-217_C-413_Rome_199-200-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_18,5-19mm_3,49ga-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 030a, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF TR P III, #1139 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 030a, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF TR P III, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVGVSTVS, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PONTIF-TR-P-III, Sol standing, facing, head left, holding globe and spear.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 3,49g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 199-200 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-030a, p-217, C-413,
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-AVGVSTVS_PONTIF-TR-P-III_RIC-IV-I-30a-p-217_C-413_Rome_199-200-AD_Q-002_axis-1h_18-19mm_2,78ga-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 030a, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF TR P III, #2117 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 030a, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF TR P III, #2
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVGVSTVS, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PONTIF-TR-P-III, Sol standing, facing, head left, holding globe and spear.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 2,78g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 199-200 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-030a, p-217, C-413,
Q-002
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Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-AVGVSTVS_PONTIF-TR-P-III_RIC-IV-I-30a-p-217_C-413_Rome_199-200-AD_Q-003_7h_18-19mm_3,00ga-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 030a, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF TR P III, #3131 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 030a, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF TR P III, #3
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVGVSTVS, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PONTIF-TR-P-III, Sol standing, facing, head left, holding globe and spear.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,00g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 199-200 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-030a, p-217, C-413,
Q-003
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG_PONTIF-TR-P-XI-COS-III_PROF_RIC-IV-I-108-p-228_C-510_Rome_208-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_18-19mm_3,17ga-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 108, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF TR P XI COS III, PROF, Scarce !113 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 108, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF TR P XI COS III, PROF, Scarce !
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- PONTIF-TR-P-XI-COS-III, the emperor in military attire, holding spear, on horseback right, enemy kneeling right before.
exe: -/-//PROF, diameter: 18-19 mm, weight: 3,17g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 208 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-108, p-228, C-510, Scarce!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den-fouree_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG_PONTIF-TR-P-XII-COS-III_RIC-IV-I-111-p-229_Rome-209-210-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_18-19mm_2,60g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 111v, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF TR P XII COS III, Plated (Fouree),87 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 111v, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF TR P XII COS III, Plated (Fouree),
avers: -ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers: -PONTIF-TR-P-XII-COS-III, Concordia seated left, holding patera and two cornucopiae.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:18-19mm, weight:2,60g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date:209-210 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I 111v,
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG_PONTIF-TR-P-XII-COS_III_RIC-IV-I-112-p-_C-464_Rome_209-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_19,5mm_3,22ga-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 112, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF TR P XII COS III, Virtus standing76 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 112, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF TR P XII COS III, Virtus standing
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- PONTIF-TR-P-XII-COS-III, Virtus standing half-right with foot on helmet, spear and parazonium.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19,5 mm, weight: 3,22g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 209 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-112, p-, C-464, Scarce !
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG_PONTIF-TR-P-XII-COS-III_RIC-IV-I-113-p_C-468_Rome_-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_18,5-19mm_3,41g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 113, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF TR P XII COS III, Emperor riding left over enemy, Scarce!,67 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 113, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF TR P XII COS III, Emperor riding left over enemy, Scarce!,
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- PONTIF-TR-P-XII-COS-III, Caracalla, in military attire, on horse galloping left, spearing foe on ground before him.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19 mm, weight: 3,41g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 209 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I 113, p-, C-468, Scarce !
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG_PONTIF-TR-P-XIII-COS-III_RIC-IV-I-118b-p_C-487_Rome_-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_17,5-19mm_3,42g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 118b, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF TR P XIII COS III, Emperor riding left over enemy, Scarce!,82 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 118b, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF TR P XIII COS III, Emperor riding left over enemy, Scarce!,
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- PONTIF-TR-P-XIII-COS-III, Caracalla, in military attire, on horse galloping left, spearing foe on ground before him.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-19 mm, weight: 3,42g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 210 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I 118b, p-, C-487, Scarce !
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Caracala-2_fouree-Denarius_Q-001_18-19mm_2,60g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (198-217 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I 111v, Rome, PONTIF-TR-P-XII-COS-III, Plated (Fouree),65 views051 Caracalla (198-217 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I 111v, Rome, PONTIF-TR-P-XII-COS-III, Plated (Fouree),
avers: -ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers: -PONTIF-TR-P-XII-COS-III, Concordia seated left, holding patera and two cornucopiae.
exergo:-/-//--, diameter:18-19mm, weight:2,60g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date:209-210 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I 111v,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Geta_AR-Den_P-SEPTIMIVS-GETA-CAES_PONTIF-COS-II_RIC-IV-I-59b-p-321_C-114_Roma-209-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_19mm_2,71g-s.jpg
053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 059b, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF COS II, Genius standing left,92 views053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 059b, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF COS II, Genius standing left,
avers:- P-SEPTIMIVS-GETA-CAES, Bare head right, bearded.
revers:- PONTIF-COS-II, Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding grain ears.
exe: , diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,71g, axis:- 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: 209 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-059b-p-321, C-114,
Q-001
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Geta_AR-Den_P-SEPTIMIVS-GETA-CAES_PONTIF-COS-II_RIC-IV-I-59b-p-321_C-114_Roma-209-AD_Q-002_0h_18,5-19mm_2,62g-s.jpg
053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 059b, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF COS II, Genius standing left, (but base metal, "limes" ?),83 views053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 059b, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF COS II, Genius standing left, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
avers:- P-SEPTIMIVS-GETA-CAES, Bare head right, bearded.
revers:- PONTIF-COS-II, Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding grain ears.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 2,62g, axis:- 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: 209 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-059b-p-321, (but base metal, "limes" ?), C-114,
Q-001
quadrans
Geta_AR-Den_P-SEPTIMIVS-GETA-CAES_PONTIF-COS-II_RIC-IV-I-59b-p-321_C-114_Roma-209-AD_Q-002_0h_18,5-19mm_2,62g-s~0.jpg
053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 059b, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF COS II, Genius standing left, (but base metal, "limes" ?),89 views053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 059b, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF COS II, Genius standing left, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
avers:- P-SEPTIMIVS-GETA-CAES, Bare head right, bearded.
revers:- PONTIF-COS-II, Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding grain ears.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 2,62g, axis:- 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: 209 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-059b-p-321, (but base metal, "limes" ?), C-114,
Q-001
quadrans
054_Macrinus,_RIC_IV-II_022a,_Antioch,_AR-Den_,_IMP_C_M_OPEL_SEV_MACRINVS_AVG,_PONTIF_MAX_TR_P_COS_P_P,_217_AD_Q-001,_7h,_18,5-20mm,_3,78g-s.jpg
054 Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), RIC IV-II 022a, Antioch, AR-Denarius, PONTIF MAX TR P COS P P, Fides standing front, 152 views054 Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), RIC IV-II 022a, Antioch, AR-Denarius, PONTIF MAX TR P COS P P, Fides standing front,
avers: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, Laureate, and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: PONTIF MAX TR P COS P P, Fides standing front, head right, holding two standards.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-20,0mm, weight:3,78g, axis: 7h,
mint: Antioch, date: 217 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 22a, BMCRE 38, RSC 60.
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Nero_RIC_I_15.jpg
06 Nero RIC I 1539 viewsNero. 54-68 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 54 A.D. Oct.-Dec.. (3.43g, 19.1mm, 9h) . Obv: NERO CAESAR AVG IMP, bare head right. Rev: PONTIF MAX TR P IIII PP around oak-wreath enclosing EX SC. RIC I 15 (R2).

A worn but scarce pre-reform denarius from early in Nero’s reign. Despite the wear, the weight of this specimen is quite nice. The EX SC with the oak wreath could allude to the Senate’s awarding of the corona civica to Nero. This specimen also has a very unusual die axis for imperial coinage of the Roman mint from this time.
1 commentsLucas H
RI 066w img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 01139 viewsObv:– M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, Young bare-headed bust, draped right
Rev:– MARTI VLTORI, Mars, naked except for cloak floating around waist, walking right holding spear and trophy
Reference:– Van Meter 48. RIC 11. RSC 154.
maridvnvm
RI 066x img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 030a (Fouree)25 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS, Older boys laureate bust, draped and cuirassed right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P III, Caracalla, as Sol, standing front, head left holding globe and spear
Reference:– RIC 30a
Some parts of core exposed.
maridvnvm
RI 066v img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 080b39 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P VIIII COS II, Mars, naked apart except for cloak from shoulder, standing half-left, foot on helmet
Reference:– RIC 80b. RSC 420
maridvnvm
RI 066ay img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 08839 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P X COS II, Mars, naked except for cloak flying from waist, advancing right, holding spear and trophy over shoulder
Minted in Rome, A.D. 217
References:– VM 72/1, RIC 88 (Common), RCV02 6862, RSC 431
maridvnvm
RI 066af img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 088 18 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P X COS II, Mars, naked apart except for cloak from waist, advancing right, holding spear and trophy over shoulder
Minted in Rome. A.D. 207
Reference(s) – RIC 88. RSC 431
maridvnvm
RI 066d img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 11195 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P XII COS III, Concordia seated holding cornucopia and patera
Minted in Rome, A.D. 209
References:- VM 76/3, RIC 111, RCV02 6868, RSC 465
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 066n img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 19123 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate bust right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P XIIII COS III, Virtus standing right, resting foot on helmet, holding spear
Minted in Rome. A.D. 209
Reference:– RIC 191. RCV02 6869. RSC 494.
maridvnvm
RI 066bd img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 330 13 viewsObv:– M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, Young, bare headed, draped and cuirassed, seen half from the back
Rev:– SECVRITAS PERPETVA, Minerva standing left, aegis on chest, resting right hand on shield and holding spear
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196-197
Reference:– RIC 330 (Scarce). RSC 566.
maridvnvm
RI 068c img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 034a32 viewsObv:– P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, Draped bust right
Rev:– PONTIF COS, Minerva standing left, leaning on shield, holding spear
Minted in Rome, A.D. 207
References:– VM 28, RIC 34a (Common), RCV02 7186, RSC 104
maridvnvm
RI_068y_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 059a19 viewsObv:– P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, Bare headed, bearded, draped bust right
Rev:– PONTIF COS II, Genius, naked standing left, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar and holding corn ears
Minted in Rome. early A.D. 209
Reference:– BMC p.274, 584. RIC 59a. RSC 114. 72 examples in RD.
maridvnvm
RI_068x_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 059a14 viewsObv:– P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, Bare headed, bearded, draped bust right
Rev:– PONTIF COS II, Genius, naked standing left, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar and holding corn ears
Minted in Rome. early A.D. 209
Reference:– BMC p.274, 584. RIC 59a. RSC 114. 72 examples in RD.

BMC and RIC mention that the busts of Geta are bearded for this issue but this example doesn't show any trace of beard.
maridvnvm
RI_068z_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 06717 viewsObv:– IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P COS II, Genius, naked standing left, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar and holding corn ears
Minted in Rome. later A.D. 209
Reference:– BMC p. 359 15. RIC 67. RSC 129. 2 examples in RD.
maridvnvm
RI_068al_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 06717 viewsObv:– IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P COS II, Genius, naked standing left, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar and holding corn ears
Minted in Rome. later A.D. 209
Reference:– BMC p. 359 15. RIC 67. RSC 129. 2 examples in RD.
maridvnvm
RI_068ab_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 06871 viewsObv:– IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P COS II, Geta on horseback riding left, spearing enemy beneath.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 209
Reference:– BMC p. 359 17. RIC 68 (Rated Rare), RSC 130. Only 4 examples in RD so quite a rare coin on that basis.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 068q img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 068 (base metal)70 viewsObv:– IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P COS II, Geta on horseback left, galloping over fallen foe
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_068aa_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 069a16 viewsObv:– IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P II COS II, Felicitas standing left, holding cornucopia and long caduceus
Minted in Rome. A.D. 210
Reference:– BMC p 364, 40. RD 24 ex. RIC 69a. RSC 137.
maridvnvm
RI_068ak_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 070a15 viewsObv:- P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P II COS II, Genius, naked standing left, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar and holding corn ears.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 210
Reference:– RIC 70a. RSC 139. 4 examples in RD.
maridvnvm
RI_068ah_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 070b12 viewsObv:– IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P II COS II, Genius, naked standing left, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar and holding corn ears.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 210
Reference:– BMC P. 365, 43. RIC 70b. RSC 140. 22 examples in RD.
maridvnvm
RI_068at_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 078a20 viewsObv:– P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right.
Rev:– PONTIF TR P III COS II, Felicitas standing left with caduceus and cornucopia
Minted in Rome. A.D. 211
Reference:– RIC 78a. RSC 149
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 069a img.jpg
069 - Macrinus Denarius - RIC 002115 viewsObv:– IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PONTIF MAX TR P P P, Jupiter, nude, standing front, head left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre
Minted in Rome, September 217 A.D.
References:– RIC 2, RSC 70
Titles PONTIF MAX TR P P P (no COS) are rare on denarii. No specimens of this coin in Reka Devnia hoard, for example. Combined with medium beard length of portrait increases interest. Macrinus was letting his beard grow and the same coin can also be found with either short or long beard! This is second issue, date c. Sept. 217
maridvnvm
Philippus-I__IMP-C-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-PF-AVG-P-M_PAX-FVND-ATA-CVM-PERSIS_RIC-069_C-113_Antioch_244-AD_Q-001_21mm_3_95g-s.jpg
074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0069, Antioch, AR-Antoninianus, PAX FVNDATA CVM PERSIS, Pax standing facing, Scarce, #166 views074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0069, Antioch, AR-Antoninianus, PAX FVNDATA CVM PERSIS, Pax standing facing, Scarce, #1
avers:- IMP C M IVL PHILIPPVS P F AVG P M, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PAX FVNDATA CVM PERSIS, Pax standing facing, head left, holding olive-branch and transverse sceptre
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,95g, axis: h,
mint: Antioch, date: 244 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-069, p-76, C-113,
Q-001
History: The reverse legend on this coin "peace established with Persia" makes reference to one of Philip's first acts as emperor - the peace treaty with the Sasanian king Shapur I. Also, the P M used in the obverse legend refers to 'Persicus Maximus' as opposed to 'Pontifex Maximus.'
quadrans
RI_077az_img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 27117 viewsObv:- IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- PONTIF MAX TRP II COS II PP, Roma seated left on a throne, holding Victory in her right hand and a reversed spear in her left, a shield rests on the ground beside the throne
Minted in Antioch. A.D. 223.
Reference:– RIC 271 (S). RSC 470
maridvnvm
Macrinus-RIC-22a.jpg
099. Macrinus.14 viewsDenarius, April - Dec. 217 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG / Laureate bust of Macrinus.
Reverse: PONTIF MAX TR P COS P P / Fides standing, foot on helmet, holding standard in each hand.
3.45 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #22A; Sear #7345.

A case is made in RIC (vol. IV, pt. 2) for assigning coins with the older portrait (as is this coin) to the mint of Antioch, and the younger portrait to the mint of Rome. Recent scholarship, however, favors Rome as the mint for all coins of this reign.
Callimachus
Tetricus-I_AE-Ant_IMP-C-TETRICVS-AVG_PIETAS-AVG-G_RIC-V-II-111_p-410_271-74_AD_Q-001_4h_16-18,5mm_2,06ga-s.jpg
102 Tetricus I., (270-2272 A.D.), RIC V-II 111, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//--, PIETAS AVG G, Pontifical implements, #184 views102 Tetricus I., (270-2272 A.D.), RIC V-II 111, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//--, PIETAS AVG G, Pontifical implements, #1
avers: IMP C TETRICVS AVG, Radiate, draped bust right.
reverse: PIETAS AVG G, Pontifical implements.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 16,0-18,5mm, weight: 2,06g, axes: 4h,
mint: , date: 271-274 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 111, p-410, C-118,
Q-001
quadrans
Neron Semis.jpg
14-08 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)67 viewsAE Semis 20 mm 4.8 gr.

Anv: "IMP NERO CAESAR AVG" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAX TR POT IMP P - S C" - Roma con yelmo sentada a izquierda Sobre una coraza militar, portando una corona en mano derecha levantada y Parazonium (espada militar corta, ancha y sin punta, que llevaban los Jefes militares como señal de distinción) en izquierda.

Acuñada 66 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: NO LISTADA, EN TODOS LOS CASOS DIFIEREN EN LA LEYENDA DEL REVERSO (una sola P) - RIC Vol.1 #549 var Pag.182 - BMCRE #402 var - Cohen Vol.1 #237 var Pag.295 - DVM #35 var Pag.87

Mr. Curtis Clay says:
"IMP P in place of IMP P P appears with some frequency on Lugdunese bronzes of Nero, but not often enough to justify the belief that it was intentional. I attribute it to carelessness, not planning ahead and running out of space before the intended legend was complete.
Nonetheless the error seems to be unrecorded for this particular type, so it is also "unpublished"!"
mdelvalle
RIC_549v_Semis_Neron.jpg
14-08 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)17 viewsAE Semis 20 mm 4.8 gr.

Anv: "IMP NERO CAESAR AVG" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAX TR POT IMP P - S C" - Roma con yelmo sentada a izquierda Sobre una coraza militar, portando una corona en mano derecha levantada y Parazonium (espada militar corta, ancha y sin punta, que llevaban los Jefes militares como señal de distinción) en izquierda.

Acuñada 66 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: NO LISTADA, EN TODOS LOS CASOS DIFIEREN EN LA LEYENDA DEL REVERSO (una sola P) - RIC Vol.1 #549 var Pag.182 - BMCRE #402 var - Cohen Vol.1 #237 var Pag.295 - DVM #35 var Pag.87

Mr. Curtis Clay says:
"IMP P in place of IMP P P appears with some frequency on Lugdunese bronzes of Nero, but not often enough to justify the belief that it was intentional. I attribute it to carelessness, not planning ahead and running out of space before the intended legend was complete.
Nonetheless the error seems to be unrecorded for this particular type, so it is also "unpublished"!"
mdelvalle
drusus as.jpg
14-37 AD - DRUSUS memorial AE As - struck under Tiberius (23 AD)50 viewsobv: DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N (bare head left)
rev: PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER around large S-C
ref: RIC I 45 (Tiberius), C.2 (2frcs)
10.14gms, 29mm

Drusus (also called Drusus Junior or Drusus the Younger), the only son of Tiberius, became heir to the throne after the death of Germanicus. One of his famous act connected to the mutiny in Pannonia, what broke out when the death of Augustus (19 August 14) was made known. Drusus left Rome to deal with the mutiny before the session of the Senate on the 17 September, when Tiberius was formally adopted him as princeps. He have reached the military camp in Pannonia in the time for the eclipse of the moon in the early hours of the 27 September wich so daunted the mutineers. He was also governor of Illyricum from 17 to 20 AD. Ancient sources concur that Livilla, his wife poisoned him.
berserker
tiberius as.jpg
14-37 AD - TIBERIUS AE as - struck 22-23 AD39 viewsobv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII (bare head left)
rev: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXIII around large S.C.
ref: RIC I 44, C.24 (5 frcs), BMC91
9.44gms, 27mm

In 6 AD Tiberius was in Carnuntum military camp. He led at least eight legions (VIII Augusta from Pannonia, XV Apollinaris and XX Valeria Victrix from Illyricum, XXI Rapax from Raetia, XIII Gemina, XIV Gemina and XVI Gallica from Germania Superior and an unknown unit) against king Maroboduus of the Marcomanni in Bohemia (Czechia). At the same time, I Germanica, V Alaudae, XVII, XVIII and XIX, - led by Caius Sentius Saturninus (governor of Germania) -, moved against Maroboduus along the Elbe. Saturninus led his forces across the country of the Chatti, and, cutting his way through the Hercynian forest, joining Tiberius on the north bank of the Danube, and both wanted to make a combined attack within a few leagues from the Marcomannic capital Boviasmum. It was the most grandiose operation that ever conducted by a Roman army, but a rebellion in Illyria obstructed its final execution.
berserker
tiberius RIC58-RR.jpg
14-37 AD - TIBERIUS AE As - struck 36-37 AD55 viewsobv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII (laureate head left)
rev: PONTIF MAX TR POT XXXVII, S-C to left and right of rudder placed vertically across banded globe, small globe at base of rudder
ref: RIC 58 (R2), Cohen 13 (2frcs), BMC 117
10.58gms, 26mm
Very rare
1 commentsberserker
tiberius_RIC28.jpg
14-37 AD - TIBERIUS AR denarius - struck 14-37 AD53 viewsobv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS (laureate head right)
rev: PONTIF MAXIM (Livia (as Pax) seated right, holding olive-branch and inverted spear; ornate legs to chair)
ref: RIC I 28, RSC 16b (2frcs)
mint: Lugdunum
3,57gms, 18mm

The story of the Tribute Penny may be the best-known Biblical reference to a coin. Tiberius reigned during the ministry of Jesus and it is logical that his silver denarius was the coin used by Christ ("Give unto Caesar that which is Caesar's and give unto the Lord that which is the Lord's"). Although the inscription refers to Tiberius' position as Pontifex Maximus and there are no overt references to Livia, many scholars feel that users of the coins would have associated the figure with Livia and that this association was probably intended by Tiberius. An obligatory issue for collectors.
1 commentsberserker
tiberius tribute penny.jpg
16 - 37 A.D. Tiberius - Ric 30 "Tribute Penny"156 viewsSilver denarius, Lugdunum mint, 3.494g, 18.8mm, 225o, 16 - 37 A.D.;
TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right;
PONTIF MAXIM, Livia seated right holding scepter and branch, legs on chair ornamented, feet on footstool; nicely centered
RIC 30, RSC 16a, S 1763, VF

Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denarius type is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible.
2 commentsjimwho523
lverus_RIC1309.jpg
161-169 AD - LUCIUS VERUS AE sestertius - struck 162 AD37 viewsobv: IMP.CAES.L.AVREL.VERVS.AVG (laureated head right)
rev: CONCORD.AVGVSTOR.TRP.II (Verus and Aurelius standing with clasping hand), COS II in ex, S-C in field
ref: RIC III 1309 (M.Aurel) (C), C.36 (4frcs)
mint: Rome
23.03gms, 30mm

This coin is better in hand than the picture allow.
History: Never before had Rome been ruled jointly by two emperors, but their authority was not shared equally. Marcus clearly had more power than his younger brother, although officially his only additional title was "pontifex maximus," while Lucius was simply "pontifex".Joint rule was revived by Diocletian's establishment of the Tetrarchy in the late 3rd century.
berserker
RIC_75_Denario_Vespasiano.jpg
18-10 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)17 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Emperador sedente a derecha, sosteniendo rama de olivo en mano der. y largo cetro vertical en izq.

Acuñada 73 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #65 Pag.21 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2305 Pag.437 - BMCRE #98 - Cohen Vol.1 #387 Pag.397 - DVM #45/2 Pag.102 - CBN #86 - RSC Vol. II #387 Pag.46
mdelvalle
IMG_3067.JPG
190 Caracalla21 viewsCaracalla

ANTONINVS PIVS AVG Laureate head right
PONTIF TR P XI COS III, PROF in ex, Emperor on horseback pacing right, holding transverse spear, figure kneeling under horse's foreleg
RIC 108
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
002~5.JPG
195 Geta91 viewsGeta, as Augustus, Denarius. 210 AD. IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG, laureate head right / PONTIF TR P II COS II, Felicitas standing left, holding cornucopiae and long caduceus. RIC 69a, RSC 1376 commentsRandygeki(h2)
10858440_762609130442667_8581986872083803054_n.jpg
195 Geta19 viewsGeta Denarius. P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, draped bust right / PONTIF COS II, Geta standing left, holding globe & short sceptre. RSC 117 RIC 61Randygeki(h2)
rjb_carac6_01_09.jpg
19812 viewsCaracalla 198-217 AD
AR denarius
Obv "ANTONINVS PIVS AVG"
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "PONTIF TRP VIII COS II"
Mars standing left, foot on helmet, holding inverted spear and branch
Rome mint
RIC 80b (draped only)
mauseus
rjb_2012_07_09.jpg
19834 viewsCaracalla
Denarius
Obv: ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from front
Rev: PONTIF TRP III
Sol standing facing, head left, holding globe and spear
Rome mint
RIC - (cf 30)
Note from Curtis L Clay:
Denarii with bust seen from front in this era are very unusual.

With obv. legend ANTONINVS - AVGVSTVS I had previously been aware of only a single bust-front denarius obv. die: with rev. SECVRIT ORBIS in coll. of Forvm member septimus, used as his avatar, and with rev. PONT TR P II, same Securitas seated rev. type, in Oxford (Evans), from the East of England hoard of 1898.

Your coin is a new bust variety to my knowledge, of 200 AD and thus, as was to be expected, from a different obv. die than those two other bust-front denarii of 199.
mauseus
rjb_2016_11_12.jpg
1988 viewsCaracalla 198-217 AD
AR denarius
Obv "ANTONINVS PIVS AVG"
Laureate head right
Rev PONTIF TR P XI COS III, PROF in exergue
Emperor (Severus) on horseback pacing right, holding transverse spear, figure kneeling under horse's foreleg
RIC 108
mauseus
rjb_2016_11_03.jpg
19811 viewsCaracalla 198-217 AD
AR denarius
Obv "ANTONINVS PIVS AVG"
Laureate head right
Rev "PONTIF TRP X COS II"
Caracalla standing half-left, head turned right, holding spear and parazonium; at feet seated female (Armenia) and two reclining river-gods (Euphrates and Tigris) each holding a palm frond or reeds and leaning upon overturned urn from which water flows
Rome mint
RIC 96
mauseus
CarIV80b.jpg
198-217 AD - Caracalla - RIC IV 080b - Mars Reverse78 viewsEmperor: Caracalla (r. 198-217 AD)
Date: 205 AD
Condition: EF
Denomination: Denarius

Obverse: ANTONINVS - PIVS AVG
Emperor Antoninus Pius (Caracalla)
Bust right; laureate and draped

Reverse: PONTIF TR P VIII COS II
Priest; Tribune Eighth Term; Consul Second Term
Mars, naked but for cloak on left shoulder, standing left, right foot on helmet, holding branch and spear.

Rome mint
RIC IV Caracalla 80b; VM 70/1
3.00g; 19.6mm; 330°
2 commentsPep
TiberiusAsSC.jpg
1al Tiberius26 views14-37

As
Laureate head, left, TI CAESAR AVGVST F IMPERAT V
PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXIII SC

This is one of a series of 12 Caesars pieces that were local finds in Serbia. There are better coins out there, but I'll hang onto these because they really got me into the hobby.

RIC 469

Per Suetonius: Within three years, however, both Lucius Caesar and Gaius Caesar were dead [in AD2 and 4 respectively], and Augustus now adopted both their brother Agrippa Postumus, and Tiberius, who was first required to adopt his nephew Germanicus [in 4 AD]. . . .

From that moment onwards, Augustus did all he could to enhance Tiberius’ prestige, especially after the disowning and banishment of Postumus [ca 6 AD] made it obvious that Tiberius was the sole heir to the succession. . . .

Tiberius acted like a traditional citizen, more modestly almost than the average individual. He accepted only a few of the least distinguished honours offered him; it was only with great reluctance that he consented to his birthday being recognised, falling as it did on the day of the Plebeian Games in the Circus, by the addition of a two-horse chariot to the proceedings; and he refused to have temples, and priests dedicated to him, or even the erection of statues and busts, without his permission; which he only gave if they were part of the temple adornments and not among the divine images. . . .

Moreover, in the face of abuse, libels or slanders against himself and his family, he remained unperturbed and tolerant, often maintaining that a free country required free thought and speech. . . . He even introduced a species of liberty, by maintaining the traditional dignities and powers of the Senate and magistrates. He laid all public and private matters, small or great, before the Senate consulting them over State revenues, monopolies, and the construction and maintenance of public buildings, over the levying and disbanding of troops, the assignment of legions and auxiliaries, the scope of military appointments, and the allocation of campaigns, and even the form and content of his replies to letters from foreign powers. . . .

Returning to Capreae, he abandoned all affairs of state, neither filling vacancies in the Equestrian Order’s jury lists, nor appointing military tribunes, prefects, or even provincial governors. Spain and Syria lacked governors of Consular rank for several years, while he allowed the Parthians to overrun Armenia, Moesia to be ravaged by the Dacians and Sarmatians, and Gaul by the Germans, threatening the Empire’s honour no less than its security. Furthermore, with the freedom afforded by privacy, hidden as it were from public view, he gave free rein to the vices he had concealed for so long. . . .
Blindado
DrususAsSC.jpg
1am Drusus22 viewsHeir to throne until assassination by Sejanus in 23

As

Bare head, left, DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N
PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER SC

RIC 45

Nero Claudius Drusus, later adopted as Drusus Julius Caesar (13BC - 23AD), called Drusus the Younger, was the only child of Tiberius and his first wife, Vipsania Agrippina. Tiberius and Drusus delivered the only two eulogies for Augustus in front of the temple to the god Julius. In 14, after the death of Augustus, Drusus suppressed a mutiny in Pannonia. In 15 he became consul. He governed Illyricum from 17 to 20. In 21 he was again consul, while in 22 he received tribunicia potestas (tribunician power), a distinction reserved solely for the emperor or his immediate successor. Drusus married his paternal cousin Livilla in 4. Their daughter Julia was born shortly after. Their son Tiberius Gemellus (his twin brother Germanicus Gemellus died in infancy) was born in 19. By 23 Drusus, who made no secret of his antipathy towards Sejanus, looked likely to succeed Tiberius as emperor. Sources concur that with Livilla as his accomplice Sejanous poisoned her husband Drusus.

Suetonius says, "He lacked affection not only for his adopted son Germanicus, but even for his own son Drusus the Younger, whose vices were inimical to him, Drusus indeed pursing loose and immoral ways. So inimical, that Tiberius seemed unaffected by his death (in 23AD), and quickly took up his usual routine after the funeral, cutting short the period of mourning. When a deputation from Troy offered him belated condolences, he smiled as if at a distant memory, and offered them like sympathy for the loss of their famous fellow-citizen Hector!"
Blindado
trib_p5_TN.jpg
2. Tiberius Denarius "Tribute Penny"114 viewsDenarius, Lugdunum Mint
AD 16 to 37
Obv. TICAESARDIVI AVGFAVGVSTVS
Rev. PONTIF MAXIM; female figure, possibly Livia, holding scepter and branch
1 commentsZam
Philip-I-RIC-069.jpg
20. Philip I.14 viewsAntoninianus, 244-245 AD, Antioch mint (or "Unknown mint").
Obverse: IMP C M IVL PHILIPPVS PF AVG PM / Radiate bust of Philip I.
Reverse: PAX FVNDATA CVM PERSIS / Pax holding branch and transverse sceptre.
3.25 gm., 21 mm.
RIC #69; Sear #8941.

On Roman coins, PM usually stands for Pontifex Maximus. However, the PM at the end of the obverse legend on this coin (and on the following 2 coins) is usually taken to mean Persicus Maximus -- a title Philip took for himself to commemorate his "victory" over the Persians. It exists only on the earliest coins of Philip I minted in Antioch, but was soon dropped as word got out that the "victory" was really a hastily concluded peace treaty which gave the Romans no advantages whatsoever. The PM is found at the end of the obverse legend or under the bust.
The reverse legend celebrates the lasting peace with Persia.

Recent research indicates that the first series of coins attributed to Antioch by RIC may have been produced at what is currently being called the "Unknown mint." This coin and the next 2 coins are from that mint.
Callimachus
200-2_Pinaria.jpg
200/2. Pinaria - as (155 BC)12 viewsAE As (Rome, 155 BC)
O/ Laureate head of Janus; I above.
R/ Prow right; NAT above; I before; ROMA below.
26.59g; 33mm
Crawford 200/2 (13 specimens in Paris)

* Pinarius Natta:

This moneyer came from the old patrician gens Pinaria (Cicero, De Divinatione, ii. 21). Despite its ancestry, this gens produced very few noteworthy members, although some of them are recorded until the empire.

The cognomen Natta is old; the first known Pinarius to bear it was Lucius Pinarius Natta, Magister Equitum in 363, and Praetor in 349 BC. Then, nobody else of that name is recorded until our moneyer, and his probable brother (RRC 208, 150 BC), who are both completely unknown apart from their coins. Finally, the last Natta of the Republic was a Pontifex in 56, brother-in-law to Clodius Pulcher, the famous Tribune (Cicero, Pro Domo, 118). It seems that the Nattae had lost their political influence early, but retained some religious duties until the end of the Republic, as Cicero says that they learnt "their sacred ceremonies from Hercules himself" (Pro Domo, 134).

The Pinarii indeed claimed to descend from a mythical Pinarius, who had welcomed Hercules with a banquet when he came to Latium (Livy, i. 7). This myth was so deeply stuck in the Roman mythology that it was still used by Caracalla on an unique aureus (leu 93, lot 68).
Joss
caracalla den02-.jpg
207 AD - CARACALLA denarius 25 viewsobv:ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
rev:PONTIF TRP X COS II (Securitas seated right on curule chair, propping head on right hand & holding scepter, altar before)
ref:RIC92, C.434
2.63g
berserker
caracalla_RIC96.jpg
207 AD - CARACALLA denarius23 viewsobv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG (laureate head right)
rev: PONTIF TRP X COS II (Caracalla in military dress standing front, head right, holding spear and parazonium; to left river good, to right 2 reclining figure)
ref: RIC IVi 96 (S), RSC 441 (6frcs)
mint: Rome
3.07gms, 19mm
Scarce

The river good leans on an urn and usually holds a palm, one of the right figures often holds a palm. The three lean figure are probably Arabie, Parthie et Adiabéne (Trajan has a similar bronze).
According to other opinion the three figure are the rivers Eden and Tyne and Britannia.
berserker
rjb_get1_05_06.jpg
20923 viewsGeta, as caesar, 198-209 AD
AR denarius
Obv "P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES"
Draped bust right
Rev "PONTIF COS II"
Geta standing left sacrificing at altar
Rome mint
RIC 62
mauseus
geta_RIC59a.jpg
209 AD - GETA Caesar denarius18 viewsobv: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES (draped, slight bearded bust right)
rev: PONTIF COS II (Genius standing left, holding patera over lit altar & corn ears)
ref: RIC IVi 59a, RSC 114a, BMC 584
mint: Rome, struck early 209
3.3gms, 20mm
berserker
caracalla_RIC118b.jpg
210 AD - CARACALLA denarius21 viewsobv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT (laureate head right)
rev: PONTIF TRP XIII COS III (Caracalla riding horse left, spearing enemy)
ref: RIC IVi 118b (S), BMC 39, RSC 487 (4frcs)
mint: Rome
2.78gms, 18mm
Scarce
2 commentsberserker
Caracalla_RIC_111Black.jpeg
22 Carcalla RIC 11123 viewsCarcalla 188-217 A.D. Rome Mint. 209 A.D. (2,94 gr 18,5 mm) Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PONTIF TR P XII COS III, Concordia seated left, holding patera and double cornucopiae
RIC 111, RSC 465, BMC 10, Sears 6868

Ex: Wallin Mynt
Paddy
Geta.jpg
23 Geta RIC 62b55 viewsGeta (As Caesar) AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 208 AD. (3.23g, 19.81mm) Obv: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CEAS, Draped bust right. Rev: PONTIF COS II, Geta, veiled, standing left with scepter, sacrificing over tripod.
RIC 62b, RSC 119
2 commentsPaddy
Denario Caracalla RIC 9.jpg
48-02 - CARACALLA Como Cesar de Septimio Severo (27/05/196 - 04/198 D.C.)29 viewsAR Denario 18 x 16 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: "M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF" - Busto a cabeza desnuda, vestido y viendo a derecha.
Rev: "IMPERII FELICITAS" - Felicitas (Felicidad) de pié a izquierda, sosteniendo caduceo en mano derecha y a un niño en el brazo izquierdo.

Acuñada 15ava. Emisión 197 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.9na)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte I #9 Pag.213 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #6674 Pag.504 - BMCRE #199/201 Pag.52 - Cohen Vol.IV #95 Pag.153 - RSC Vol. III #95 Pag.67 - DVM #28 Pag.195 - Hill CSS#282
mdelvalle
RIC_9_Denario_Caracala.jpg
48-02 - CARACALLA Como Cesar de Septimio Severo (27/05/196 - 04/198 D.C.)7 viewsAR Denario 18 x 16 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: "M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF" - Busto a cabeza desnuda, vestido y viendo a derecha.
Rev: "IMPERII FELICITAS" - Felicitas (Felicidad) de pié a izquierda, sosteniendo caduceo en mano derecha y a un niño en el brazo izquierdo.

Acuñada 15ava. Emisión 197 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.9na)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte I #9 Pag.213, Sear RCTV Vol.II #6674 Pag.504, BMCRE V #199/201 Pag.52 (Pl.10 #9), Cohen Vol.IV #95 Pag.153, RSC Vol. III #95 Pag.67, DVM #28 Pag.195, Hill CSS#282, Salgado II/1 #4404.d P.126
mdelvalle
Denario Caracalla RIC 30b.jpg
48-05 - CARACALLA (198 - 211 D.C.)33 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS" - Busto laureado, vestido y con coraza viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF TR P III" - Júpiter/Emperador, con corona radiada como sol, desnudo de pié a izquierda, con manto sobre hombro izquierdo, sosteniendo globo en mano derecha y lanza invertida en izquierdo.

Acuñada 7ma. Emisión 200 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.4ta)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte I #30a Pag.217 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #6857 Pag.525 - BMCRE #179/83 Pag.190 - Cohen Vol.IV #413/415 Pag.186 - RSC Vol. III #413/415 Pag.78 - DVM #68 Pag.197 - Hill CSS#434
mdelvalle
RIC_30a_Denario_Caracala.jpg
48-05 - CARACALLA (198 - 211 D.C.)10 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS" - Busto laureado, vestido y con coraza viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF TR P III" - Júpiter/Emperador, con corona radiada como sol, desnudo de pié a izquierda, con manto sobre hombro izquierdo, sosteniendo globo en mano derecha y lanza invertida en izquierdo.

Acuñada 7ma. Emisión 200 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.4ta)

Referencias: RIC IV Parte I #30a P.217, Sear RCTV Vol.II #6857 Pag.525, BMCRE #179/83 Pag.190, Cohen Vol.IV #413/415 Pag.186, RSC Vol. III #413/415 Pag.78, DVM #68 Pag.197, Hill CSS#434, Salgado II/1 4420.c.1 P.130
mdelvalle
Denario Caracalla RIC 88.jpg
48-08 - CARACALLA (198 - 211 D.C.)36 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "ANTONINVS PIVS AVG" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF TR P X COS II" - Marte desnudo avanzando a derecha, con el manto volando al viento, portando lanza en mano derecha y trofeo en izquierda sobre el hombro.

Acuñada 25ava. Emisión 207 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.3ra)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte I #88 Pag.226 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #6862 Pag.525 - BMCRE #542/6 Pag.266 - Cohen Vol.IV #431 Pag.188 - RSC Vol. III #431 Pag.79 - DVM #72-1 Pag.197 - Hill CSS#845
mdelvalle
RIC_88_Denario_Caracala.jpg
48-08 - CARACALLA (198 - 211 D.C.)10 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "ANTONINVS PIVS AVG" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF TR P X COS II" - Marte desnudo avanzando a derecha, con el manto volando al viento, portando lanza en mano derecha y trofeo en izquierda sobre el hombro.

Acuñada 25ava. Emisión 207 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.3ra)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte I #88 Pag.226, Sear RCTV Vol.II #6862 Pag.525, BMCRE #542/6 Pag.266, Cohen Vol.IV #431 Pag.188, RSC Vol. III #431 Pag.79, DVM #72-1 Pag.197, Hill CSS#845, Salgado II/1 #4422.o.2 Pag.132
mdelvalle
2560305.jpg
5) Lepidus: Antony and Lepidus28 viewsThe Triumvirs. Mark Antony and Lepidus. May-summer 43 BC. AR Quinarius (13mm, 1.81 g, 6h). Military mint traveling with Antony and Lepidus in Transalpine Gaul. Emblems of the augurate: lituus, capis, and raven standing left / Emblems of the pontificate: simpulum, aspergillum, securis, and apex. Crawford 489/3; King 73; CRI 120; Sydenham 1158a; RSC 3. Near VF, porous, banker’s marks on obverse and reverse.

Ex CNG
RM0007
2 commentsSosius
91Hadrian__RIC547.jpg
547 Hadrian Orichalcum Sestertius, Roma 118 AD Roma52 viewsReference.
RIC 547

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.

Rev. PONT MAX TR POT COS II in ex. ADVENTVS AVG / S C
Roma seated right on cuirass, holding spear and clasping hands with Hadrian, who stands left, wearing togate (toga)

25.65 gr
mm
h

Note. Matt Smith
Legend: reads PONT(ifex) MAX(imus) TR(ibunicia) POT(estate) COS [II], or “Pontifex Maximus, Tribunicia Potestas [i.e. endowed with power of tribune], Consul for the second time.” The reverse exergue reads ADVENTVS [AVG](usti), or “the arrival of Augustus,” and S(enatus) C(onsulto), which indicates the coin’s value is supported “by the decree of the Senate.”
okidoki
1249Hadrian_RIC547.jpg
547 Hadrian Orichalcum Sestertius, Roma 118 AD Roma35 viewsReference.
RIC 547; Strack 511; C. 91; BMC 1120

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.

Rev. PONT MAX TR POT COS II in ex. ADVENTVS AVG / S C
Roma seated right on cuirass, holding spear and clasping hands with Hadrian, who stands left, wearing togate

28.79 gr
35 mm
6h


Legend: reads PONT(ifex) MAX(imus) TR(ibunicia) POT(estate) COS [II], or “Pontifex Maximus, Tribunicia Potestas [i.e. endowed with power of tribune], Consul for the second time.” The reverse exergue reads ADVENTVS [AVG](usti), or “the arrival of Augustus,” and S(enatus) C(onsulto), which indicates the coin’s value is supported “by the decree of the Senate.”
1 commentsokidoki
JuliusCaesarARdenarius.jpg
601, Julius Caesar, Imperator and Dictator, assassinated 15 March 44 B.C.55 viewsJulius Caesar AR Denarius 40 B.C. 20 mm, 3.6 gm; aVF; Moving mint. 49-48 BC. Obverse: Pontifical emblems culullus, aspergillum, axe, and apex. Reverse: elephant right trampling dragon; CAESAR in exergue. Ex Windsor Antiquities.


It is not possible to adequately discuss Gaius Julius Caesar within the constraints of this gallery. He was born on either the 12th or the 13th of July in 100 B.C. [most scholars agree upon this date, but it is debated], and he was assassinated on 15 March 44 B.C.

Caesar is arguably the most important figure in Roman history; only Augustus and, perhaps, Constantine the Great made contributions of equivalent magnitude. Caesar was a truly gifted writer, orator, politician and soldier .

Library and book store shelves are crowded with a variety of biographies on the great man. Christian Meier, professor of Ancient History at the University of Munich, has written a scholarly as well as intriguing biography of Caesar. It is simply titled Caesar. It was first published in Germany in 1982, and a recently published paper back translation by David McLintock is now available from Fontana Press (a subsidiary of HarperCollins Publishers).

Caesar is fascinating.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Sestercio_Maximo_RIC_11.jpg
64-02 - MAXIMO (Cesar 235 - 238 D.C.)40 viewsAE Sestercio 30 mm 17.4 gr.

Hijo de Maximino I y su Cesar y compañero de campañas durante todo su reinado.


Anv: "MAXIMVS CAES GERM" - Busto a cabeza desnuda, vistiendo Paludamentum (Capote militar), viendo a derecha, visto desde detrás.
Rev: "PIETAS AVG" – Implementos religiosos: Lituus (Atributo pontifical, báculo o cayado (vara con un extremo curvo) usado por los Augures (Adivinación “Augurium Praesagium”), Cuchilla de sacrificio y Patera (Plato, adoptado de los etruscos, usado en ceremonias religiosas para derramar vino sobre el altar) a la izquierda, de una Gran urna o Vasija de sacrificio, y Simpulum (cucharon usado por los sacerdotes durante los sacrificios) y sprinkler/Aspersoir ¿? a la derecha. "S C " en el exergo.

Acuñada: 4ta. Emisión Tarde en 236 a marzo/Abril 238 D.C.
Ceca: Roma – Italia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte II #11 Pag.156 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #8316 - BMCRE #204 - Cohen Vol.IV #7 Pag.525 - DVM # Pag. – Alram #36-5
mdelvalle
RIC_11_Sestercio_Maximo.jpg
64-02 - MAXIMO (Cesar 235 - 238 D.C.)12 viewsAE Sestercio 30 mm 17.4 gr.

Hijo de Maximino I y su Cesar y compañero de campañas durante todo su reinado.


Anv: "MAXIMVS CAES GERM" - Busto a cabeza desnuda, vistiendo Paludamentum (Capote militar), viendo a derecha, visto desde detrás.
Rev: "PIETAS AVG" – Implementos religiosos: Lituus (Atributo pontifical, báculo o cayado (vara con un extremo curvo) usado por los Augures (Adivinación “Augurium Praesagium”), Cuchilla de sacrificio y Patera (Plato, adoptado de los etruscos, usado en ceremonias religiosas para derramar vino sobre el altar) a la izquierda, de una Gran urna o Vasija de sacrificio, y Simpulum (cucharon usado por los sacerdotes durante los sacrificios) y sprinkler/Aspersoir ¿? a la derecha. "S C " en el exergo.

Acuñada: 4ta. Emisión Tarde en 236 a marzo/Abril 238 D.C.
Ceca: Roma – Italia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte II #11 Pag.156 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #8316 Pag.80 - BMCRE #204 - Cohen Vol.IV #7 Pag.525 - DVM # Pag. – Alram #36-5 - MIR #12-3
mdelvalle
SevAlex-RIC-402.jpg
65. Severus Alexander sestertius.31 viewsSestertius, 223 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG / Laureate bust of Severus Alexander.
Reverse: PONTIF MAX TR P II COS P P / Pax seated, holding branch and sceptre. S C in exergue.
23.60 gm., 32 mm.
RIC #402.
Callimachus
TiberiusTributePennyRICI30RSCII16aSRCV1763.jpg
703a, Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Tribute Penny of Matthew 22:20-2150 viewsSilver denarius, RIC I 30, RSC II 16a, SRCV 1763, gVF, Lugdunum mint, 3.837g, 18.7mm, 90o, 16 - 37 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF MAXIM, Pax/Livia seated right holding scepter and branch, legs on chair ornamented, feet on footstool; toned. Ex FORVM.


De Imperatoribus Romanis
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Tiberius (A.D. 14-37)

Garrett G. Fagan
Pennsylvania State University

Introduction
The reign of Tiberius (b. 42 B.C., d. A.D. 37, emperor A.D. 14-37) is a particularly important one for the Principate, since it was the first occasion when the powers designed for Augustus alone were exercised by somebody else. In contrast to the approachable and tactful Augustus, Tiberius emerges from the sources as an enigmatic and darkly complex figure, intelligent and cunning, but given to bouts of severe depression and dark moods that had a great impact on his political career as well as his personal relationships.

. . . .

Early life (42-12 B.C.)
Tiberius Claudius Nero was born on 16 November 42 B.C. to Ti. Claudius Nero and Livia Drusilla. Both parents were scions of the gens Claudia which had supplied leaders to the Roman Republic for many generations. . . [I]n 39 B.C., his mother Livia divorced Ti. Claudius Nero and married Octavian, thereby making the infant Tiberius the stepson of the future ruler of the Roman world. Forever afterward, Tiberius was to have his name coupled with this man, and always to his detriment.

. . . .

Accession and Early Reign (A.D. 14 - 23)
The accession of Tiberius proved intensely awkward. After Augustus had been buried and deified, and his will read and honored, the Senate convened on 18 September to inaugurate the new reign and officially "confirm" Tiberius as emperor. Such a transfer of power had never happened before, and nobody, including Tiberius, appears to have known what to do. Tacitus's account is the fullest. . . Rather than tactful, he came across to the senators as obdurate and obstructive. He declared that he was too old for the responsibilities of the Principate, said he did not want the job, and asked if he could just take one part of the government for himself. The Senate was confused, not knowing how to read his behavior. Finally, one senator asked pointedly, "Sire, for how long will you allow the State to be without a head?" Tiberius relented and accepted the powers voted to him, although he refused the title "Augustus."

. . . .

Tiberius allowed a trusted advisor to get too close and gain a tremendous influence over him. That advisor was the Praetorian Prefect, L. Aelius Sejanus, who would derail Tiberius's plans for the succession and drive the emperor farther into isolation, depression, and paranoia.

Sejanus (A.D. 23-31)
Sejanus hailed from Volsinii in Etruria. He and his father shared the Praetorian Prefecture until A.D. 15 when the father, L. Seius Strabo, was promoted to be Prefect of Egypt, the pinnacle of an equestrian career under the Principate. Sejanus, now sole Prefect of the Guard, enjoyed powerful connections to senatorial houses and had been a companion to Gaius Caesar on his mission to the East, 1 B.C. - A.D. 4. Through a combination of energetic efficiency, fawning sycophancy, and outward displays of loyalty, he gained the position of Tiberius's closest friend and advisor.

. . . .

[I]n a shocking and unexpected turn of events, [a] letter sent by Tiberius from Capri initially praised Sejanus extensively, and then suddenly denounced him as a traitor and demanded his arrest. Chaos ensued. Senators long allied with Sejanus headed for the exits, the others were confused -- was this a test of their loyalty? What did the emperor want them to do? -- but the Praetorian Guard, the very troops formerly under Sejanus's command but recently and secretly transferred to the command of Q. Sutorius Macro, arrested Sejanus, conveyed him to prison, and shortly afterwards executed him summarily. A witch-hunt followed. . . All around the city, grim scenes were played out, and as late as A.D. 33 a general massacre of all those still in custody took place.

Tiberius himself later claimed that he turned on Sejanus because he had been alerted to Sejanus's plot against Germanicus's family. This explanation has been rejected by most ancient and modern authorities, since Sejanus's demise did nothing to alleviate that family's troubles.

. . . .

The Last Years (A.D. 31-37)
The Sejanus affair appears to have greatly depressed Tiberius. A close friend and confidant had betrayed him; whom could he trust anymore? His withdrawal from public life seemed more complete in the last years. Letters kept him in touch with Rome, but it was the machinery of the Augustan administration that kept the empire running smoothly. Tiberius, if we believe our sources, spent much of his time indulging his perversities on Capri.

. . . .

Tiberius died quietly in a villa at Misenum on 16 March A.D. 37. He was 78 years old. There are some hints in the sources of the hand of Caligula in the deed, but such innuendo can be expected at the death of an emperor, especially when his successor proved so depraved. The level of unpopularity Tiberius had achieved by the time of his death with both the upper and lower classes is revealed by these facts: the Senate refused to vote him divine honors, and mobs filled the streets yelling "To the Tiber with Tiberius!" (in reference to a method of disposal reserved for the corpses of criminals).

Tiberius and the Empire
Three main aspects of Tiberius's impact on the empire deserve special attention: his relative military inertia; his modesty in dealing with offers of divine honors and his fair treatment of provincials; and his use of the Law of Treason (maiestas).

. . . .

Conclusion
. . . Tiberius's reign sporadically descended into tyranny of the worst sort. In the right climate of paranoia and suspicion, widespread denunciation led to the deaths of dozens of Senators and equestrians, as well as numerous members of the imperial house. In this sense, the reign of Tiberius decisively ended the Augustan illusion of "the Republic Restored" and shone some light into the future of the Principate, revealing that which was both promising and terrifying.

[For the entire article please refer to http://www.roman-emperors.org/tiberius.htm]

Copyright © 1997, Garrett G. Fagan. Used by permission.

"Some of the things he did are hard to believe. He had little boys trained as minnows to chase him when he went swimming and to get between his legs and nibble him. He also had babies not weaned from their mother breast suck at his chest and groin . . . "
(Suetonius. The Twelve Caesars. Trans. Robert Graves. London: Penguin Books, 1979. XLIV).

Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denarius type is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible(Joseph Sermarini).


Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
05693p00.jpg
9.1 Macrinus denarius 217 AD166 viewsDecember, 217 AD
a EF, Rome Mint
obv. IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS P F AVG
rev. PONTIF MAX TR P II COS P P
Felicitas standing left holding caduceus and comucopia
4 commentsZam
tributepenny.jpg
ancient imitation of a tribute penny22 views17mm, 3.59g
obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS (blundered); laureate head right
rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Livia on throne right, scepter in right, branch in left hand
areich
philip_I_spes.jpg
Antoninianus; SPES FELICITATIS ORBIS; RIC 7015 viewsPhilip I, 244-249 Antoninianus, Antioch Mint, AD 244-245, 20mm, 2.88g. Obverse: Radiate, draped bust right. 
IMP C M IVL PHILIPPVS P F AVG P M 
Reverse: Spes advancing left, holding a flower in her right hand and holding up the hem of her skirt with her left. 
SPES FELICITATIS ORBIS 
Reference: Sear RCV (2005) 8967; RIC IV 70. The obverse legend gives Philip the titles of 'Pius Felix', not used for him at Rome, and 'P. M.' which here must represent not 'Pontifex Maximus', but 'Persicus Maximus', 'greatest of Persian conquerors' – though actually, he negotiated a peace with the Persians. Ex Moremoth1 commentsPodiceps
denier_de_Macrinus.jpg
AR denier de Macrinus 35 viewsMacrinus AR Denarius. IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate & cuirassed bust right / PONTIF MAX TR P COS P P, nude Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt & sceptre. RSC 55a. RIC 15 sear5 #7342
20mm., 3,06g _20116 sold
Antonivs Protti
As_Alexander_as_Caesar_Quadriga.jpg
As Alexander as Caesar Quadriga22 viewsObverse: M A(VR) ALEXANDER CAES
Bareheaded and draped bust right, seen from front
Reverse:PONTIF(EX) (C)O(S), SC exergue
Alexander in quadriga right, holding branch and eagle tipped sceptre
BMC 453, RIC 385
Weight, 10.448 g; die axis, 12h.
mix_val
As_Med_Lib_III_dark_red.jpg
As Medallion Liberalitas III93 viewsObverse: IMP CAES M AVR SEV_ALEXANDER AVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: PONTIF MAX TR P V COS II P P, LIB AVG III in exergue
Severus Alexander seated left on curule chair on a platform; behind him an officer and a soldier holding a spear; in front, Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopiae; at left, a citizen mounting steps to platform.
BMC 312 (plate 11, same reverse and maybe obverse die), RIC 572*
Weight, 10.428g; die axis, 12h.

mix_val
Augustus~0.jpg
Augustus86 viewsAugustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

Obverse:

Augustus with his bare head right

CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT

CAESAR: Ceasar, emperor
AVGVST: Agustus
PONT MAX: Pontifix Maximus,
TRIBVNIC: Tribunicia, tribunal
POT: POTESTAS, the people

Reverse:

M MAECILIVS TVLLVS III VIR A A A F F

M: Marcus
MAECILLIS: Maelcilius
TVLLVS: Tullus
IIIVIR: Triumviri
AAAFF: Auro, Argento, Aeri, Flando, Feriundo,

S . C, Senatus Consultum

I think the dots were used as centering devices, one see them sometimes on Soldiers/Standards coins although on this coin it is certainly a large dot.

Domination: AS, Copper

Mint: Rome

The Roman Moneyers (or you may prefer the title of Mint Magistrates) were also responsible for the minting of gold, silver and bronze coinage and they reported to the Senate. They were known as the Triumviri Monetales or Triumviri Auro, Argento, Aeri, Flando, Feriundo which is abbreviated as III VIR. A.A.A. F.F. which may be translated as 'Commision (or college) of three men under whom gold, silver and bronze coins were struck'. (Note that the order of the metals varies according to different references.) The title 'III VIR. A.A.A. F.F.' occurs rarely on Republic coins and when it is present it is usually seen in an abbreviated form such as 'III VIR'. It is interesting to note that the full title occurs frequently on the reverses of Augustan Aes

The College of the Three Moneyers was a revived republican tradition. This coin was struck under the supervision of Marcus Salvius Otho, an ancestor of the future emperor Otho. Later, the number of members was increased to four, and their names were not included on the coins.

TRP = This is short for tribunicia potestate - "with the power of the Tribune of the Plebs." The government of Rome was split into the Patricians (who were Senators) and the Plebians. Nine Tribunes of the Plebs were elected by both Plebs and Patricians every year to be in charge of the Plebian assembly. These Tribunes could not be injured because it could be punishable by death. They had veto powers, and they could prevent a law from being passed or an election. An emperor cannot technically rule on the Plebian assembly since he is a Patrician, but by taking the title he could be free from injury. On a coin, if this symbol is followed by a number, it depicts how many times he has been elected Tribune of the Plebs.
John Schou
CollageMaker_20180702_185042472.jpg
Augustus21 viewsAE As, Struck 11-12 AD, Rome Mint
Obverse: IMP • CAESAR • DIVI • F • AVGVSTVS • IMP • XX •, Head of Augustus, bare, left.
Reverse: PONTIF • MAXIM • TRIBVN • POT • XXXIIII, Legend surrounding large SC in field.
References: RIC I 471, Cohen 226, BMCRE 275
Size: 25mm, 9.36g
Augustus’ Last Coinage at Rome
Justin L
00035.jpg
Augustus (RIC 471, Coin #35)17 viewsRIC 471 (C), Copper AS, Rome, 11 - 12 AD.
Obv: IMP CAESAR DIVI F AVGVSTVS IMP XX Bare head left.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POT XXXIIII Legend around S C.
Size: 30.0mm 10.04gm
MaynardGee
Augustus RIC 471.jpg
Augustus - as RIC 47150 viewsAs, RIC 471, 10.87g; mint in Rome, 4 B.C.; obverse: IMP CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS IMP XX, bare head left; reverse: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POT XXX IIII around large SC. Priscian
sistertiii_127.JPG
Augustus 27BC-14AD AE As,52 viewsAugustus AE As, RIC 471, Cohen 226, BMC 275

Augustus AE As. Rome mint, 4 BC. IMP•CAESAR•DIVI•F•AVGVSTVS•IMP•XX, bare head left / •PONTIF•MAXIM•TRIBVN•POT•XXXIIII around large SC. Cohen 226.
Antonio Protti
Augustus_as.jpg
Augustus as39 viewsAE As (Rome AD 11-12)
Obv: IMP CAESAR DIVI F AVGVSTVS IMP XX
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POT XXXIIII around SC
RIC 471 (Augustus)
Tanit
Augustus_As_Titles_SC.jpg
Augustus As Imperial Titles & SC234 viewsObv.
IMP CAESAR DIVI F AVGVSTVS IMP XX
Bare head left

Rev.
PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POT XXXIIII
SC
Imperial Titles around large SC
9 commentsancientdave
AugustusCLXI.jpg
Augustus RIC 211107 views27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius. Lugdunum mint. Struck 2 BC-AD 4.
O: CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE Head, laureate, to right
R: AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT; C L CAESARES in ex; Gaius and Lucius Caesar standing facing, each resting a hand on a shield. Crossed spears behind the shields. Simpulum on l. and lituus on r., X below.
RIC 211; BMC 537; RSC 43a.

The brothers, Caius and Lucius, were the sons of Agrippa and Julia, daughter of Augustus. They were due to succeed Augustus but predeceased him in 4 and 2 A.D. respectively. Gaius, the elder of the two brothers, has the more prestigious position on the left and the ladle above him marking him as Pontifex. He should have his shield placed in front of that of his younger brother Lucius, who has lituus above marking him as augur. The shield placement is likely just an engravers error.
Nemonater
AugustusRIC212.jpg
Augustus RIC 21260 views27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius. Lugdunum mint. Struck 2 BC-AD 4.
O: CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE Head, laureate, to right
R: AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT; C L CAESARES in ex; Gaius and Lucius Caesar standing facing, each resting a hand on a shield. Crossed spears behind the shields. Lituus on l. and Simpulum on r., X below.
- RIC 212 (R)

"The brothers, Caius and Lucius, were the sons of Agrippa and Julia, daughter of Augustus. They were due to succeed Augustus but predeceased him in 4 and 2 A.D. respectively. Gaius, the elder of the two brothers has his shield placed in front of that of his younger brother and the ladle above him marking him as Pontifex. Lucius has lituus above marking him as augur. Gaius should have the more prestigious position on the left but this variety has him on the right." - Forum
2 commentsNemonater
EM013_AS_Augustus.jpg
Augustus: 27 BC - 14 AD39 viewsAE As; Rome Mint
Struck 11 - 12 BC
Obv. - bare head left; IMP CAESAR DIVI F AVGVSTVS IMP XX
Rev. - PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POT XXXIIII around SC
10.27 grams
ex. CNG; estate of Tom Cederlind
1 commentscmcdon0923
Tiberius_37.jpg
B272 views Tiberius AR Denarius

Attribution: RIC I 30, RSC II 16a, SRCV I 1763, Lugdunum
Date: 19 August, AD 14 – 16 March, AD 37
Obverse: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head r.
Reverse: PONTIF MAXIM, Livia, as Pax, seated r., holding olive branch & long scepter; ornate legs to chair
Size: 19 mm
Weight: 3.6 grams
* NOTE: chipped piece & metal adhesions from prior mounting of coin as jewelry
(Image of Tiberius courtesy of Bill Storage: Ara Pacis Museum, Rome)

"He was large and strong of frame, and of a stature above the average... He strode along with his neck stiff and bent forward, usually with a stern countenance and for the most part in silence, never or very rarely conversing with his companions... All of these mannerisms of his, which were disagreeable and signs of arrogance, were remarked by Augustus, who often tried to excuse them to the senate and people by declaring that they were natural failings, and not intentional." - Suetonius Life of Tiberius LXVIII

When Augustus died on August 19, AD 14, Tiberius was considered to be the logical successor. The issue, however, was that there had never been a transfer of power by succession, only through seizure of leadership by force. Although Tiberius superficially sought to preserve the idea of the emperor being “First Citizen” to appease the senate, it was abundantly clear who was in control of the empire. Tiberius made a clever move to sequester the support of the legions through a pay increase. The reverse of this coin depicts Livia seated. Being Tiberius’ mother, she campaigned relentlessly to place her son as the natural heir to the position of emperor. Once in control, Tiberius allowed her to keep the title of Augusta, granted to her by Augustus in his will, but refused her the honor of being recognized as “Mother of her Country” or that of lictor. This was an astute political move to limit Livia’s influence. In the long run Tiberius was unable to maintain the demeanor or tact that Augustus possessed, and was seen as a stiff and arrogant tyrant by many. Tiberius spent much of the latter part of his reign at his private retreat on the island of Capri. He fell ill in AD 37 and died March 16 at the age of 77 in his seaside villa at Misenum.
The denarius of Tiberius with Livia as Pax on the reverse is commonly known as the 'Tribute Penny,' the coin to which Jesus referred to when he was discussing paying taxes to the Romans, and said "render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's" (Mark 12:17 & Matthew 22:20-21). Although there are two other reverse types on denarii of Tiberius, they were only issued during the first two years of his reign, while the Pax reverse was employed throughout the remainder, making it the more likely coin referred to. The term 'penny' is from the AD 1611 King James translation of the Bible, and was adopted since the penny was the standard denomination of the time.
6 commentsNoah
antoninus_quinarius.jpg
BCC RI26 (was BCC 44)46 viewsRoman Imperial
AR Quinarius
Caracalla 198-217 CE
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
Laureate head of Caracalla right
Rev: [PONTIF] TR P XI COS III
Victory advancing left holding wreath and [palm?]
13mm. 1.49gm. Axis:0
RIC IV 101 Very Rare, as found.
Surface find, Caesarea Maritima, 1972
2 commentsv-drome
Claudius.jpg
Bronze Quadrans minted under Claudius13 viewsA bronze quadrans minted under Claudius. 16 mm, 3.4 g.

Obverse: a hand holding up a set of scales, and between the pans of the scales are the letters PNR, which possibly mean PONDUS NUMMORUM RESTITUTUM = "The Weight of the Coinage Restored", or something similar. Around the edge is the partially-visible inscription [TI] CLAVDIV[S CAESAR AVG] = "Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus".

Reverse: a large SC standing for SENATUS CONSULTO = "By Decree of the Senate", with the encircling inscription PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT = "Pontifex Maximus, Holding Tribunician Power, Consul Designate for the Second Time".

Attribution: RIC 1 Claudius 85
chuy1530
Caesar_elephant.jpg
Caesar elephant denarius79 viewsCAESAR in exergue, elephant advancing right, trampling horned serpent.

Pontifical implements: simpulum, sprinkler, axe and priest's hat.

49-48 BC. Military mint traveling with Caesar.

3.87g

Crawford 443/1; HCRI 9; Sydenham 1006; RSC 49.

Wonderfully struck but was probably bent and straightened at some point

Ex-RCNA coin show; Ex: Charles Euston

Sold Forum Auction Oct 2018
6 commentsJay GT4
Caligula_Divo.jpg
Caligula AE Sestertius, Pietas / Divo Avg RIC 3698 viewsObv: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS P M TR POT, PIETAS in exergue, Pietas seated left on stool, holding patera in extended left hand and resting right forearm on small draped figure standing facing on basis
Rev: DIVO AVG above S C across field, Gaius, toga draped over his head, standing left, holding patera over garlanded altar; victimarius standing facing, holding bull for sacrifice; second attendant standing behind Gaius, holding a patera on either side; garlanded hexastyle temple of Divus Augustus in background, pediment decorated with sacrificial scene; triumphal quadriga and Victories as acroteria, statues of Romulus and Aeneas along roof line.
RIC I 36; BMCRE 41; BN 51; Cohen 9. aF/aVF, dark brown patina, with brassy highlights. Numerous light scratches and bumps on obverse, some pitting, reverse near VF with great details. RARE and important architectural type.
This coin commemorates the dedication of the temple of Divus Augustus, completed in 37 AD, with a remarkable scene of Gaius Caligula in his role of pontifex maximus leading the sacrificial ceremonies.
2 commentsmattpat
Caracalla1.jpg
Caracalla22 viewsfr: ANTONINUS PIUS AUG
re: PONTIFEX TR P XIII COS III
pax
A212.jpg
caracalla66 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG
PONTIF TRP X COS II
mint : roma
207 AD
1 commentsfrederic
A105.jpg
Caracalla25 viewsM AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF
DESTINATO IMPERAT
mint: Roma
198 AD
1 commentsfrederic
G303.jpg
Caracalla32 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG
PONTIF TRP VIII COS II
mint: Roma
205 AD
frederic
Caracalla.jpg
Caracalla25 viewsCaracalla As, 206 AD, Rome.
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PONTIF TR P VIIII COS II / S - C, Caracalla, in military dress, on horse galloping right, holding spear in rest.
RIC 423e (R)

"Bust is laureate, draped, cuirassed, same obv. die as the BM specimen, pl. 51.6. That in fact is the only As obv. die used for the type." Curtislclay
BM die catalogue contains seven specimens of this As, all from the same obv. die, and from three different rev. dies. This coin is now the eighth spec., same obv. die, one of the same rev. dies. So, it's a fairly rare coin.

Tanit
00caracallaas.jpg
CARACALLA34 viewsAE dupondius. 210 AD. 11.92 grs. Radiate head right. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG. / Virtus standing left, holding parazonium and spear.Captive at base of trophy. PONTIF TRP XIII COS III. RIC IV 456. Cohen 480.
Ex Barry P. Murphy
benito
caracalla105LG.jpeg
Caracalla77 viewsCaracalla, Rome mint 207 AD. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right. Reverse - PONTIF TR P X COS II, Caracalla, as Virtus, standing right, holding spear & parazonium, right foot on helmet. RCV 6864. 19.5mm, 3.3gfordicus
00160-Caraculla.JPG
Caracalla11 viewsCaracalla Denarius
19 mm 2.41 gm
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
Laureate head right
R: PONTIF TR P XIII COS III
Virtus standing right, with right foot on helmet and holding parazonium and spear.
John Campbell
Capture_00070.JPG
Caracalla148 views198 – 217 A.D.
Silver Denarius, laureate head right
3.76 gm, 19 mm
ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
PONTIF TR P XI COS III
Mars standing slightly left in military dress, looking right, transverse spear in right, shield in left
RSC III 446&7, RIC IV 100, BMCRE V S569
Rome mint, 208 A.D.
9 commentsJaimelai
100_0644.JPG
Caracalla10 viewsOB: M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF
REV:PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS

RIC 13b 196 - 199
simmurray
00caracalladup.jpg
CARACALLA25 viewsAE dupondius. 210 AD. 11.92 grs. Radiate head right. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG. / Virtus standing left, holding parazonium and spear.Captive at base of trophy. PONTIF TRP XIII COS III. RIC IV 456. Cohen 480.
Ex Barry P. Murphy.
benito
Caracalla_RIC_81.jpg
Caracalla41 viewsDenarius ( 3,48g/ 18mm)
obv.ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
laureate, draped bust right
rev.PONTIF TR P VIII COS II
Mars standing half-left, resting hand on shield and holding inverted spear
Rome mint AD 205
RIC 81 Cohen 421
1 commentsHolger G
coin2.jpg
Caracalla10 viewsOB: M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF
REV:PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS

RIC 13b 196 - 199
simmurray
008BCaracalla.jpg
Caracalla13 viewsSilver Denarius
Roman Imperial - The Principate

Caracalla

Rome mint, 205 A.D
VF, better in hand
19.5 mm / 2.905 g / 0°

Obverse: "ANTONINVS PIVS AVG", laureate, draped bust right.
Reverse: "PONTIF TR P VIII COS II", Mars, with cloak, foot on helmet, holding branch and spear.

RIC 80b, RSC 420a, BMC 481, Sear 6858.

MyID: 008B
TenthGen
008ACaracalla.jpg
Caracalla7 viewsSilver Denarius
Roman Imperial - The Principate

Caracalla

Rome mint, 205 A.D
VF, some encrustations
20.5 mm / 2.038 g / 0°

Obverse: "ANTONINVS PIVS AVG", laureate, draped bust right.
Reverse: "PONTIF TR P VIII COS II", Mars standing left, holding reversed spear and resting right hand on shield.

RIC 81, RSC 421, BMC 482, Sear 6859.

MyID: 008A
TenthGen
carcae.jpg
Caracalla (198 - 217 A.D.)28 viewsAR Denarius
O: M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, bare-headed, draped bust right.
R: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caracalla standing left, holding baton and scepter; trophy to right.
3.41g
17mm
Rome Mint, 196 - 198 A.D.
RIC 13a
Mat
NS-11.jpg
Caracalla (as Caesar)11 viewsAR Denarius, AD 196-198, Rome, 17.4mm, 2.34g, 0°, RIC IVi 11.
Obv: M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF. Bare head, draped bust right.
Rev: MARTI VLTORI. Mars advancing right with spear and trophy.
Joseph D5
Caracalla_RIC_12.JPG
Caracalla (as Caesar), 195 - 198 AD22 viewsObv: M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla facing right.

Rev: PIETAS, Pietas standing half left, raising right hand over altar and holding a box of incense in her left.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 197 AD

3.2 grams, 19 mm, 180°

RIC IVi 12, RSC 180, S6676, VM 55
SPQR Coins
Caracalla_RIC_6~0.JPG
Caracalla (as Caesar), 195 - 198 AD24 viewsObv: (M AVR ANTON) CAES PONTIF, bare headed, draped bust of Caracalla facing right.

Rev: DESTINATO IMPERAT, lituus, apex, bucranium (ox skull), and simpulum.

Note: Commemorates Caracalla's elevation to the rank of Caesar in 196 AD.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 196 AD

3.3 grams, 17.2 mm, 0°

RIC IVi 6, RSC 53, S6672, VM 20
1 commentsSPQR Coins
RIC_Caracalla_SRCV_-_concordia_enthroned.jpg
Caracalla (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus) (198-217 A.D.)5 viewsSRCV ___, RIC IV 111, Van Meter --.
AR Denarius, 3.13 g., 19.70 mm max., 180°
Rome mint, struck 209 A.D.

Obv: ANTONINVS-PIVS AVG, laureate bust right.

Rev: PONTIF TR P XII COS III, Concordia enthroned left, patera in right hand, double cornucopiae in left.

RIC rarity C, Van Meter --.
Stkp
00474.jpg
Caracalla (RIC 30, Coin #474)22 viewsRIC 30 (C), AR Denarius, Rome, 200 AD.
Obv: ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PONTIF TR P III Sol standing left holding globe and spear.
Size: 18.0mm 2.90gm
MaynardGee
00126.jpg
Caracalla (RIC 96, Coin #126)17 viewsRIC 96, AR Denarius, Rome, 207 AD.
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG Laureate head right.
Rev: PONTIF TR P X COS II Caracalla holding reversed spear and parazonium; at his feet on left, river god reclining on urn; at his feet on right, two bound captives seated left.
Size: 19.3mm 3.78gm
MaynardGee
Caracalla_PRINCIPI_IVVENTVTI.jpg
Caracalla - AR denarius3 viewsRome
197 AD
draped and cuirassed bust right
M AVR ANTON__CAES PONTIF
Caracalla standing left, holding baton and spear; trophy to right
PRI_NCIPI__IVVENTVTIS
RIC IV 13b, RSC III 505
2,70g
ex Jiří Militký
Johny SYSEL
C4.JPG
Caracalla - Cult instruments74 viewsDenarius 198
O/ M AVR ANTON - CAES PONTIF Boy's bare-headed bust draped right
R/ DESTINATO IMPERAT Lituus, apex, bucranium and simpulum
C 53 - RIC 6
Mint: Rome (4th off., 17th emission)
septimus
Caracalla RIC 11.jpg
Caracalla - denarius RIC 1165 viewsCaracalla as Caesar. Silver denarius. Rome mint, 198 AD, 3.25g; obverse: M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, draped bust right; reverse: MARTI VLTORI, Mars advancing right holding spear and trophy across shoulder. RIC 11.Priscian
c5.jpg
Caracalla - Felicitas56 viewsDenarius 197
O/ M AUR ANTON - CAES PONTIF Boy's bare-headed bust draped right
R/ IMP-ERII - FELICITAS Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus downwards and child at breast on arm
C 95 - RIC 9
Mint: Rome (9th off., 15th emission)
septimus
Caracalla_Equestrian.jpg
Caracalla - Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Pius Bassianus * Equestrian, AR Denarius * 196-217 AD122 views
Coin issue, celebration of Caracalla's invasion of Britain which would eventually culminate in his acclamation & title of, 'Britanicus.'

Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG - Laureate head right
Rev: PONTIF TR P XI COS III - the Emperor Caracalla in military attire, holding spear on horseback, right-facing, enemy kneeling before & below horse (worn from view), right hand raised as in supplication, also right-facing.

Exergue: PROF

Mint: Rome
Struck: 208 AD.

Size: 19 mm.
Weight: 3.4 grams
Die axis: 180 degs.

Condition: Beautiful bright, clear luster, despite some notable wear to the relief on the reverse.

Refs:*
RIC IVi, p. 228, 108 Scarce
Cohen 510
D. Sear II, 6874, p. 526
BMCRE 574
Hill 983
RSC 510

Tiathena
C9.JPG
Caracalla - The emperor on horse93 viewsDenarius 208
O/ ANTONINUS - PIUS AUG Youth's laureate head right
R/ PROF in ex., PONTIF TR P XI COS III around, Caracalla, in military attire, on horse walking right, holding spear; before him, foeman kneeling right, raising right hand
C 510 - RIC 108
Mint: Rome (4th off., 28th emission)
1 commentsseptimus
DSC01267.JPG
Caracalla 198-217 A.D.23 viewsDenarius, 19mm
Obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right
Reverse: PONTIF TR P XII COS III, Virtus standing left, holding spear and parazonium, left foot on helmet
Dk0311USMC
car5.jpg
Caracalla 198-217 denarius75 viewsOb. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM Head Right
Rev. P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P Pax left holding branch

Ref. RIC 268, RSC 314, BMC 147
Year 215AD

ANTONIUS PIUS AUGUSTUS GERMANICUS - Antonius Pius is your Emperor and Augustus and has conquered the Germans
PONTIFEX MAXIMUS TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS XVIII CONSUL IIII PATER PATRIAE - High priest, Tribune of the People for the eighteenth time, Consul for the fourth time and father of the country

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
car4.jpg
Caracalla 198-217 denarius66 viewsOb. ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM Head right
Rev. P.M.TR.P.XVII.COS.IIII.P.P. Apollo seated left resting hand on lyre
Ref. Sear 1835
Year 214AD

ANTONIUS PIUS AUGUSTUS GERMANICUS - Antonius Pius is your Emperor and Augustus and has conquered the Germans
PONTIFEX MAXIMUS TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS XVII CONSUL IIII PATER PATRIAE - High priest, Tribune of the People for the seventeenth time, Consul for the fourth time and father of the country

-:Bacchus:-
1 commentsBacchus
car6.jpg
Caracalla 198-217 denarius53 viewsOb. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM Head Right
Rev. P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P Pax left holding branch and scepter
Ref. RIC 268, RSC 314, BMC 147
Year 215AD

ANTONIUS PIUS AUGUSTUS GERMANICUS - Antonius Pius is your Emperor and Augustus and has conquered the Germans
PONTIFEX MAXIMUS TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS XVIII CONSUL IIII PATER PATRIAE - High priest, Tribune of the People for the eighteenth time, Consul for the fourth time and father of the country

-:Bacchus:-
1 commentsBacchus
x5.jpg
Caracalla 198-217 denarius57 viewsOb. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM Head Right
Rev. P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P Fides standing left holding two standards
Ref. Sear 1837, RIC 266, RSC 315, BMC 143
Year 215AD

ANTONIUS PIUS AUGUSTUS GERMANICUS - Antonius Pius is your Emperor and Augustus and has conquered the Germans
PONTIFEX MAXIMUS TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS XVIII CONSUL IIII PATER PATRIAE - High priest, Tribune of the People for the eighteenth time, Consul for the fourth time and father of the country

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
x4.jpg
Caracalla 198-217 denarius45 viewsOb. ANTONIVS AVGSTVS Laureate head right
Rev. PONTIF TR P III Caracalla standing naked holding globe and spear
Ref. Sear 1840, RIC 30a, BMC 179

ANTONIVS AVGVSTVS Antonius is your emperor and augustus
PONTIF TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS III Priest of the temple and Tribune of the People for the third time

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
x2.jpg
Caracalla 198-217 denarius64 viewsOb. ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM Head right
Rev. P M TR P XVII COS IIII P P. Jupiter left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre; at feet, eagle.
Ref. RIC240, BMC94
Rome mint

ANTONIUS PIUS AUGUSTUS GERMANICUS - Antonius Pius is your Emperor and Augustus and has conquered the Germans
PONTIFEX MAXIMUS TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS XVII CONSUL IIII PATER PATRIAE - High priest, Tribune of the People for the seventeenth time, Consul for the fourth time and father of the country

Jupiter was the father of the gods and is normally shown with a scepter and thunderbolt. He may be standing or seated. He can be accompanied with an eagle (as here) or a small Victory.

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
x7.jpg
Caracalla 198-217 denarius36 viewsOb. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG laureate & draped bust right
Rev. PONTIF TR P VII COS II Mars, with cloak, foot on helmet, holding branch and spear
Ref. Sear 1841, RIC 80b RSC 420a, BMC 481
Mint Rome
Year 205

ANTONIUS PIUS AUGUSTUS - Antonius Pius is your Emperor and Augustus
PONTIF TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS VII CONSUL II - Priest and Tribune of the People for the seventh time, Consul for the second time

Mars (god of war) is usually depicted naked with a cloak and helmet (as here) or in full armor. He normally has a shield, spear and trophy, though here he has his foot on a helmet, indicating military prowess, and a branch possibly indicating he is willing to extend the olive branch to those he has pacified.


-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
x9.jpg
Caracalla 198-217 denarius43 viewsOb. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, laureate head right
Rev. P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter enthroned left, holding Victory & scepter, eagle at foot left.
Ref. RSC 343, RIC 277c
Rome mint
Year 216

ANTONIUS PIUS AUGUSTUS GERMANICUS - Antonius Pius is your Emperor and Augustus and has conquered the Germans
PONTIFEX MAXIMUS TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS XVIII CONSUL IIII PATER PATRIAE - High priest, Tribune of the People for the eighteenth time, Consul for the fourth time and father of the country

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
x6.jpg
Caracalla 198-217 denarius36 viewsOb. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG laureate head right
Rev. PONTIF TR P XI COS III PROF Emperor in military attire, holding spear, on horseback right, enemy kneeling right before, PROF in ex.
Ref. RIC 108, RSC 511, BMC 574
Mint Rome
Year 208

ANTONINVS PIVS AVGVSTVS Antoninus Pius is your Emperor and Augustus
PONTIF TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS XI CONSUL III PROFECTIO High Priest, Tribune of the People for the eleventh time, Consul for the third time. Good luck to the Emperor setting out on his (British) expedition

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
x11.jpg
Caracalla 198-217 denarius38 viewsOb. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
Rev. PM TR P XV COS III PP, Serapis standing left holding right hand high & transverse scepter.
Ref. RSC 195, RIC 193
Mint Rome

ANTONIUS PIUS AUGUSTUS BRITANNUS - Antonius Pius is your Emperor and Augustus and has conquered the Britains
PONTIFEX MAXIMUS TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS XV CONSUL III PATER PATRIAE - High priest, Tribune of the People for the fiftheenth time, Consul for the third time and father of the country

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
cara33.jpg
Caracalla 198-217 denarius40 viewsOb. ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM Laureate bust right
Rev. P.M.TR.P.XVIII.COS.IIII.P.P. Aeskulapis standing, Globe on ground
Ref. RIC 253
Year 215AD

ANTONIUS PIUS AUGUSTUS GERMANICUS - Antonius Pius is your Emperor and Augustus and has conquered the Germans
PONTIFEX MAXIMUS TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS XVIII CONSUL IIII PATER PATRIAE - High priest, Tribune of the People for the eighteenth time, Consul for the fourth time and father of the country

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
car111.jpg
Caracalla 198-217 denarius33 viewsOb. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped bust right
Rev. VICT PART PONT TR P IIII Two captives, seated r. and l., mourning, at foot of trophy.
Ref. RIC 54a

ANTONINVS PIVS AVG Antionus Pius is your Emperor and Augustus
VICTOR PARTHICO PONTIFEX MAXIMUS TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS IIII Victor over the Parthians,High Priest, Tribune of the People for the forth time

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
car112.jpg
Caracalla 198-217 denarius57 viewsOb. ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM Head right
Rev. P M TR P XVII COS IIII P P. Jupiter left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre; at feet, eagle. Rome mint
Ref. RIC 240

ANTONIUS PIUS AUGUSTUS GERMANICUS - Antonius Pius is your Emperor and Augustus and has conquered the Germans
PONTIFEX MAXIMUS TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS XX CONSUL IIII PATER PATRIAE - High priest, Tribune of the People for the seventeenth time, Consul for the fourth time and father of the country

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
den car 1.jpg
Caracalla 198-217 denarius Salus39 viewsOb. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right
Rev. PONTIF TR P VIII COS II, Salus seated left, feeding serpent coiled around altar
Ref: RIC 82, RSC 422, BMC 484

Weight 3.45g
18mm
0o rotation

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
ant11.jpg
Caracalla Antoninianus Serapis60 viewsOb. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, radiate, draped bust right
Rev. P M TR P XX COS IIII P P, Serapis standing left, wearing polos & holding wreath of corn ears & transverse scepter

Ref. RIC 289d, RSC 383b
Weight 4.9g

ANTONIUS PIUS AUGUSTUS GERMANICUS - Antonius Pius is your Emperor and Augustus and has conquered the Germans
PONTIFEX MAXIMUS TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS XX CONSUL IIII PATER PATRIAE - High priest, Tribune of the People for the twentieth time, Consul for the fourth time and father of the country

-:Bacchus:-
1 commentsBacchus
caracalla_06.jpg
Caracalla AR Denarius24 viewsObv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG - Laureate head right
Rev: PONTIF TR P XI COS III - Caracalla on horseback right, enemy before horse; PROF in exergue.
Mint: Rome
Date: 208 AD
Ref: RSC 510, RIC IVa 108
Notes: Scarce denarius, with only 32 specimens in Reka Devnia hoard, commemorating Caracalla's departure from Rome along with Septimius Severus and Geta on their British expedition.
oa
Caracalla_11.jpg
CARACALLA AR Denarius29 viewsOBVERSE: M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, draped bust right
REVERSE: IMPERII FELICITAS, Felicatas standing left, holding caduceus and child on left arm
Struck at Rome, 196-8 AD
3.2g, 16mm
RIC 9, RSC 95, BMC 199
1 commentsLegatus
caracalla_3.jpg
Caracalla AR denarius 'Virtus'15 viewsCaracalla, laureate head right.
Legend; ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
Reverse Legend; PONTIF TRP XIII COS III
Reverse Type; Virtus standing right, stepping on helmet, holding spear and parazonium

Mint; Rome, 210 AD. 1.6 grams

ref RIC 117a; Sear (1988) 1948; RSC 477

scratch to Caracalla's face. Otherwise a nice coin.
Banjaxed
Caracalla_8.jpg
Caracalla AR Denarius RIC 13a, Trophy25 viewsOBV: M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, bare-headed, draped bust right
REV: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caracalla standing left, holding baton and scepter; trophy to right
2.9g, 17mm

Struck at Rome, 196-8 AD
Legatus
caracalla_young_1.jpg
Caracalla AR Denarius, ‘Sol invictus’.20 viewsBust; Youthful Caracalla. Laureate, draped bust right.
Obverse legend; ANTONINIVS AVGVSTVS
Reverse legend; PONTIFEX TR P III
Type; Sol standing facing holding globe and spear
Mint, Rome, 200 AD. 2.8 grams
Ref Caracalla Denarius, RIC 30a, RSC 413, BMC 179
Here is little Antoninius, flush with the innocence of boyhood.
Banjaxed
54535q00.jpg
Caracalla AR uncleaned Denarius54 viewsAR denarius,
RIC IV 116a, RSC III 484,
Grade: VF/F,
Rome mint, weight 2.720g, maximum diameter 18.5mm, die axis 0o, 205 A.D.;
OBV ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right;
Rx: PONTIF TR P XIII COS III, Concordia seated left, patera in right, double cornucopia in left
Recycled photo
cliff_marsland
051_Caracalla_RSC_445a,_AR-Den,_ANTONINVS_PIVS_AVG,_PONTIF_TR_P_XI_COS_III,_Roma,_208_AD,_KK-001,_0h,_17,2-18,1mm,_3,40g-s.jpg
Caracalla AR-Denarius, Not in RIC IV-I, 22 viewsCaracalla AR-Denarius, Not in RIC IV-I,
0h,17,2-18,1mm,3,40g
2 commentsKaroly K2
Caracalla_Caesar_Denarius_Sol.jpg
Caracalla Caesar Denarius Sol36 viewsObv.
ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right

Rev.
PONTIF TR P III
Sol standing front, radiate, naked, holding orb & spear

ancientdave
Caracalla_Caracalla_wTrophy~0.JPG
Caracalla Caracalla wTrophy24 viewsSilver denarius, RIC IV 13a, RSC III 505a, VF, Rome mint, 3.093g, 17.0mm, 15o, as Caesar, 197 A.D.;
OBV: M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, boy's bare-headed and draped bust right, from behind;
REV: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caracalla standing left, baton in right, spear in left, trophy
to right.
Romanorvm
Caraca_den_2.jpg
Caracalla Denarius28 viewsCaracalla Denarius. 207 AD. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right / PONTIF TR P X COS II, Caracalla standing right, holding spear & parazonium, right foot on helmet.

RIC 95, RSC 440, BMC 552
Tanit
Caraca_den_6.jpg
Caracalla Denarius51 viewsCaracalla Denarius. 206 AD. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head left / PONTIF TRP VIIII COS II, Mars in military dress standing right leaning on shield holding reversed spear.

RIC 83, RSC 424.
Tanit
Caracalla -1.jpg
Caracalla Denarius28 viewsAR Denarius
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
Rev: PONTIF TR P VIII COS II ; Mars stg. l., resting foot on helmet, holding branch and spear
Tanit
Caraca_den_3.jpg
Caracalla Denarius30 viewsCaracalla Denarius. 207 AD. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right / PONTIF TR P X COS II, Mars advancing right carrying trophy and spear.

RIC 88, RSC 431, BMC 542
Tanit
Caraca_den_.jpg
Caracalla Denarius22 viewsCaracalla Denarius. 207 AD. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right / PONTIF TR P X COS II, Mars advancing right carrying trophy and spear.

RIC 88, RSC 431, BMC 542
Tanit
Caraca_den_4.jpg
Caracalla Denarius17 viewsCaracalla Denarius. 207 AD. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right / PONTIF TR P X COS II, Caracalla standing right, holding spear & parazonium, right foot on helmet.

RIC 95, RSC 440, BMC 552
Tanit
caracalla12.jpg
Caracalla Denarius22 viewsCaracalla Silver Denarius

Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right

Rev: PONTIF TR P VIIII COS II, Mars, in militay dress, standing half-left, leaning on shield and holding reversed spear, 3.0 gr

Sear 6859v; RSC 424; RIC 83
Tanit
caracalla19.jpg
Caracalla Denarius18 viewsCaracalla Denarius. 206 AD.
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head left
Rev: PONTIF TRP VIIII COS II, Mars in military dress standing right leaning on shield holding reversed spear.

RIC 83, RSC 424.
Tanit
Caracalla_6b.jpg
Caracalla denarius42 viewsPONTIF TR P XIII COS IIITibsi
Caracalla_Denarius.jpg
Caracalla Denarius28 viewsSilver denarius, RIC IV 111, RSC III 465, VF, Rome mint, 209 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF TR P XII COS III, Concordia seated left, patera in right and double cornucopia in left;1 commentsPhiloromaos
AAFUb_small.png
Caracalla Denarius12 viewsCaracalla. 196-217 AD.

Rome. AD 207.

19mm., 2.47g.

ANTONINVS PIVS AVG. Head of Caracalla, laureate, right.

PONTIF TR P X COS II. Caracalla, in military attire, standing right, left foot on helmet, holding spear in right hand and parazonium in left hand.

References: RIC IV Caracalla 95

AAFU
RL
CARACAL-1.jpg
Caracalla Denarius RIC IVi 30b19 viewsObv: ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS
laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev: PONTIF TR P III
Sol standing front, radiate, naked, holding
orb & spear
18mm 3.4gm
OWL365
Caracalla_AR_Denarius_Mars.jpg
Caracalla Denarius "Mars"16 viewsOBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
Laureate, draped bust right.
REV: PONTIF TR P VIII COS II
Mars standing left, placing foot on
helmet, holding branch and spear.

A.D. 198 - A.D. 217
RIC 80b, RSC 420a, BMC 481
3.3gm 19mm
1 commentsgoldenancients
Caracalla_AR_Denarius_“Sol”.jpg
Caracalla Denarius "Sol"7 viewsOBV: ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS;
Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
REV: PONTIF TR P III;
Sol standing right, head left, holding
orb and spear.

A.D. 198-217
3.3gm 18mm
goldenancients
ric_IV_9.jpg
Caracalla Denarius Felicitas with child reverse, 197AD RIC IV 9 19 viewsCaracalla Denarius, 197 AD, Rome.

Obverse: M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.

Reverse: IMPERII FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and child on left arm.

16-18 mm, 2.8 g

RIC IV, Part 1, 9

Interesting "hybrid" issue obverse depicts Caracalla as Caesar yet reverse celebrates his elevation to Augustus.
284ad
Caracalla_6.jpg
CARACALLA Denarius RIC 83, Mars39 viewsOBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right
REV: PONTIF TRP VIIII COS II, Mars in military dress standing left leaning on shield holding reversed spear
3.43g

Minted at Rome, 206 AD
1 commentsLegatus
ricIV330web.jpg
Caracalla Denarius RIC IV 33039 viewsLaodicea ad Mare mint, Caracalla Denarius, 196-197 A.D. AR 19mm 2.67g, RIC IV 330, BMC 459
O: M AVR ANTONINVS PONTIF. Boy’s bare-headed draped and cuirassed bust r., seen from behind
R: SECVRITAS PERPETVA, Minerva, aegis on breast, standing left, inverted spear in left and resting right on grounded shield

1 commentscasata137ec
ricIV6ORweb.jpg
Caracalla Denarius RIC IV 659 viewsRome mint, Caracalla Denarius, 196-198 (undated per RIC) AR 17mm 3.50g, RIC IV 6, RSC 53, BMC 193
O: M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, draped bust right
R: DESTINATO IMPERAT, lituus, helmet, bucranium & simpulum
3 commentscasata137ec
ricIV9ORweb.jpg
Caracalla Denarius RIC IV 922 viewsRome mint, Caracalla Denarius, 196-198 A.D. AR 17mm 3.74g, RIC IV 9, RSC 95, BMC 199
O: M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, draped bust right
R: IMPERII FELICITAS, Felicatas standing left, holding caduceus and child on left arm
casata137ec
car95.jpg
Caracalla Denarius, RIC 9520 viewsObverse: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: PONTIF TR PX COS II, Caracalla standing right, holding spear and parazoncium, right foot on helmet.
RIC 95, RSC 440, BMC 552.
19.3mm., 3.4 g.
sold 2-2018
NORMAN K
criciv100ORweb.jpg
Caracalla Denarius, RIC IV 10022 viewsRome Mint, Caracalla Denarius, 208 A.D. AR, 20mm 2.87g, RIC IV 100
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, bust laureate, r
R: PONTIF TR P XI COS III, Mars standing r., r. foot drawn back, holding spear and shield
1 commentscasata137ec
criciv329ORweb.jpg
Caracalla Denarius. RIC IV 329 19 viewsLaodicea ad Mare mint, Caracalla Denarius, 196-197 A.D. AR, 17mm 3.21g, RIC IV 329
O: M AVR ANTON-CAES PONTIF, bare headed, draped & cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
R: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caracalla standing left, in military dress, holding baton & spear, trophy to right
Ex. John Richards collection
casata137ec
cfouree1ORweb.jpg
Caracalla Fouree Denarius, imitation of RIC IV 81 24 viewsUnknown “mint”, Caracalla Fouree Denarius, 205(?)A.D. AE(Plated w/AR), 18mm 3.24g, imitation of RIC IV 81
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate bust right, draped
R: PONTIF TR P VIII COS II, Mars standing left, holding reversed spear & while resting right hand on shield
casata137ec
Caracalla_Mars_80b.JPG
Caracalla Mars 80b24 viewsCaracalla, Silver denarius, AD 205, RIC IVi, 80, page 225, Cohen 420, SEAR RCV II (2002), #6858, page 525
OBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate bust right, draped
REV: PONTIF TRP VIII COS II, Mars naked but for cloak on left shoulder, standing left,
right foot on helmet, holding branch and spear

"A strong leader has the support of Mars"
Romanorvm
37265q00.jpg
Caracalla Mars Silver Denarius52 viewsSilver denarius, RIC IV 80, VF, Rome mint, weight 2.816g, maximum diameter 18.5mm, die axis 180o, 205 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PONTIF TR P VIII COS II, Mars advancing left, foot on helmet, olive-branch in right and reversed spear in left1 commentsTiberiusjulius
Caracalla_RIC_IV_100_neu.jpg
Caracalla RIC 10052 viewsAR Denarius(19mm-3.3g)
obv. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
laureate bust right, from behind
rev. PONTIF TR P XI COS III
Mars standing right in combative attitude, spear in right, decorated shield on left
Rome mint AD 208
RIC IV 100
1 commentsHG
Caracalla_RIC_108.jpg
Caracalla RIC 10838 viewsAR Denarius (19mm 3.61g)
obv. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
laureate head of Caracalla right
rev. PONTIF TR P XI COS III
Caracalla on horseback right, holding spear and trampling enemy, PROF in exergue
Rome mint AD 208
RIC 108
HolgerG
Caracalla_RIC_117b.jpg
Caracalla RIC 177b34 viewsDenarius (3,35g - 19mm)
obv.ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT
laureate head right
rev.PONTIF TR P XIII COS III
Virtus standing right, helmeted, holding reversed spear & parazoniums, foot on helmet
Rome mint AD 210
RIC 117b
HG
Caracalla_RIC_30_A.jpg
Caracalla RIC 30a 34 viewsDenarius (3,29g - 19mm)
obv. ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right
rev. PONTIF TR P III
Sol standing front, head left, holding globe and spear reversed
Rome mint AD 200
RIC 30a; C. 413
HG
caracalla.jpg
Caracalla RIC 9512 views Denarius. 207 AD.
ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right /
PONTIF TR P X COS II, Caracalla standing right, holding spear & parazonium, right foot on helmet.
xokleng
Caracalla_Denarius.jpg
Caracalla RIC IV 3029 viewsObverse: ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind
Reverse: PONTIF TR P III, Sol standing half left, globe in right, leaning on reversed spear in left
Size: 2.501g, 19.8mm, 180o Mint: Rome, 200 A.D.
Id's: RIC IV 30, Cohen 413, BMCRE V 179, SRCV II 6857
Remarks: 1. Purchased from Forum Coins 2011
2. Frosty surface makes this hard to photograph. Nicer in hand
ickster
Caracalla_RIC_116b.jpg
Caracalla RIC116b75 viewsDenarius (19mm- 3,6g)
obv. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT
Laureate bust facing right
rev. PONTIF TR P XIII COS III
Concordia seated left, holding patera and double cornucopiae
Rome mint 210 AD
RIC 116b
4 commentsHolger G
Caracalla_Securitas.JPG
Caracalla Securitas41 viewsCaracalla. Silver denarius, RIC IV 92, RSC III 434, Rome, 2.896g, 20mm, 0o axis, 207 AD
OBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate bust right
REV: PONTIF TR P X COS II, Securitas seated right on crossed Cornucopias, propping head on right hand, scepter in left, altar at feet

EX: Forvm Ancient Coins
2 commentsRomanorvm
Caracalla_SOL_RIC_30a.JPG
Caracalla SOL RIC 30a15 viewsCaracalla, Denarius, 200 AD, Rome, 18.74mm, 2.4g, RIC Iva page 217 30a, Cohen 413
Obv : ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS ,laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev : PONTIF TR P III, Sol standing front, head left, holding globe and reversed spear
SRukke
Caracalla_RIC_82.JPG
Caracalla, 198 - 217 AD22 viewsObv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla facing right.

Rev: PONTIF TRP VIII COS II, Salus seated left, feeding a serpent coiled around an altar.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 205 AD

3.2 grams, 18.7 mm, 180°

RIC IVi 82, RSC 422, S6860, VM 70/3
SPQR Coins
Caracalla_RIC_96_(2).JPG
Caracalla, 198 - 217 AD27 viewsObv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of Caracalla facing right.

Rev: PONTIF TRP X COS II, Caracalla standing left, holding a spear and a parazonium, at his feet are a bound captive seated on the right and two river gods, one to the left and the other on the far right, reclining against urns.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 207 AD

3.1 grams, 20.2 mm, 180°

RIC IVi 96, RSC 441, S6865, VM 73
SPQR Coins
Caracalla_RIC_95.JPG
Caracalla, 198 - 217 AD20 viewsObv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of Caracalla facing right.

Rev: PONTIF TRP X COS II, Caracalla standing right, dressed in military attire, with a cloak draped over his shoulders, holding a reversed spear and a parazonium, left foot resting on a helmet.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 207 AD

3.4 grams, 18.14 mm, 0°

RIC IVi 95, RSC 440, S6864, VM 74/2
SPQR Coins
Caracalla_RIC_30b.JPG
Caracalla, 198 - 217 AD22 viewsObv: ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla facing right.

Rev: PONTIF TRP III, Caracalla as Sol, naked except for a cloak draped over left shoulder, standing facing, head turned left, holding a globe in his outstretched right hand and resting on an inverted spear.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 200 AD

3.6 grams, 18 mm, 0°

RIC IVi 30b, RSC 413, S6857, VM 68
SPQR Coins
Caracalla_RIC_108~0.JPG
Caracalla, 198 - 217 AD18 viewsObv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of Caracalla facing right.

Rev: PONTIF TRP XI COS III, Caracalla on horseback pacing right, holding a spear with a captive kneeling before.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 208 AD

3.1 grams, 18 mm, 180°

RIC IVi 108, RSC 510, S6874, VM 75/1
SPQR Coins
Caracalla_RIC_113~0.JPG
Caracalla, 198 - 217 AD16 viewsObv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of Caracalla facing right.

Rev: PONTIF TRP XII COS III, Caracalla, in military dress, cloak floating behind, on a horse galloping left, brandishing a spear at a fallen enemy who is trampled by horse's forehooves.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 209 AD

3.2 grams, 18 mm, 180°

RIC IVi 113, RSC 468, S6870, VM 76/4
SPQR Coins
Caracalla_RIC100.jpg
Caracalla, 198–217 CE35 viewsAR denarius, Rome, 208 CE; 3.15g. RIC 100, RSC 447. Obv: ANTONINVS - PIVS AVG; head laureate right. Rx: PONTIF TR P – XI COS III PP; Mars, in military dress, with cloak floating behind, standing front, (or moving slowly left), looking right, holding spear and shield.

Notes: Twenty-first issue of the joint reign of Severus and Caracalla.

Provenance: Ex Hirsch 287 (7 February 2013), lot 2355.
1 commentsMichael K5
car_mars_k.jpg
Caracalla, AD 198-2176 viewsAR Denarius, 20mm, 2.8g, 12h; Rome Mint, AD 206
Obv.: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG; Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind.
Rev.: PONTIF TR P VIIII COS II; Mars, in military dress, standing left, resting right hand on shield and holding spear.
Reference: RIC IVa 83, p. 225
John Anthony
20171103_110731.jpg
Caracalla, AR Denarius, 196-198 AD.24 viewsObverse: M AVR ANTON - CAES PONTIF. Bust of Caracalla, bareheaded, draped on the right, seen three quarters behind.
Reverse: PRI-NCIPI - IVVEN- [TVTIS]. Caracalla standing on the left, holding a scepter in the right hand and a baton on the left; behind him, a trophy.
References: RIC 13a, RSC 505. R2.
17mm and 2.63 grams.
1 commentsCanaan
abm_caracalla_british_victory_as.jpg
Caracalla, as, RIC IV.1, 457a, AD 210.33 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right.
PONTIF TR P XIII COS III, S C, Victory standing right inscribing shield.
RIC 457a, AD 210.
Commemorative issue to celebrate the Severan dynasty's alleged British victories.
1 commentsAdrianus
0190-210np_noir.jpg
Caracalla, Denarius - *128 viewsRome mint, AD 210
ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head of Caracalla right
PONTIF TRP XIII COS III, Virtus standing right, left foot on helmet
3.42 gr
Ref : RCV #6872 var, Cohen #478
4 commentsPotator II
4507_4508_.jpg
Caracalla, Denarius, PONTIF TR P X COS II4 viewsAR Denarius
Caracalla
Caesar: 195 - 197AD
Augustus: 198 - 217AD
Issued: 207AD
19.5 x 18.0mm
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG; Laureate head, right.
R: PONTIF TR P X COS II; Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy.
Rome Mint
Sear 6862; RIC 88; RSC 431.
Aorta: 327: B&, O19, R130, T143, M2.
Jonathan Kern, CICF 2013
4/3/17
Nicholas Z
6412_6413.jpg
Caracalla, Denarius, PONTIF TRP III10 viewsAR Denarius
Caracalla
Caesar: 195 -197AD
Augustus: 197 - 217AD
Issued: 199 - 201AD
18.5mm 3.40gr 1h
O: ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS; Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: PONTIF TRP III; Caracalla as Sol, naked, standing facing, head left, holding globe in right hand, spear in left.
Rome Mint
RIC IV 30a; RSC 413a; BMC 179.
Aorta: B12, O16, R122, T191, M2.
Time Machine/Mark Reid
Chicago Coin Expo
4/18/18 4/27/18
Nicholas Z
3817_3818.jpg
Caracalla, Denarius, PONTIF TRP VIIII COS II7 viewsAR Denarius
Caracalla
Caesar: 195 - 197AD
Augustus: 197 - 217AD
Issued: 206AD
19.5 x 19.0mm
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG; Laureate bust, right.
R: PONTIF TRP VIIII COS II; Mars in military dress, standing left, resting hand on a shield and holding a spear.
Rome Mint
Aorta: 322: B7, O19, R128, T146, M2.
RIC 83; Sear 1742; RSC 424.
Richard Johnson/Buried Treasures, Chillicothe, OH Tinley Park, IL Greater Chicago Coin and Currency Show
2/23/17 2/28/17
Nicholas Z
Caracalla.jpg
Caracalla, RIC 80, 205 AD, Rome, Italy14 viewsBust of Caracalla, laureate, draped, right. Mars, helmeted, naked except for cloak on left shoulder, standing left, right foot set on helmet, holding branch in right hand and spear in left hand.

ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
PONTIF TR P VIII COS II
Antoninus Pius The Revered Emperor.
Pontifex Tribune of the People for the 8th time Consul for the 2nd time.
Jonathan N
Caracalla_Mars-Right.jpg
Caracalla, Silver Denarius "Mars, the Aggressor" * 196-217 AD *84 views
Caracalla, "Mars,* the Aggressor"
AR Denarius

Obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: PONTIF TR P X COS II, Mars advancing right carrying trophy over left shoulder and spear in right hand.

Mint: Rome
Struck: 213 AD

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 2.85 grams
Die axis: 180 deg.

Beautiful luster.

RIC 88, RSC 431

* Olympian

1 commentsTiathena
caracala_a-horz.jpg
Caracalla. Denarius 199-200 AD.28 viewsANTONINVS AVGVSTVS, laureate, draped bust right.
PONTIF TR P III, Sol standing front, radiate, naked, holding orb & spear.

RIC 30a
1 commentsPedja R
Claudius_Libertas_2.JPG
Claudius LIBERTAS AVGVSTA S C27 viewsClaudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.

Obverse:
Bare head left

TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP
TI: Tiberius
CLAVDIVS: Claudius
CAESAR: CAESAR

AVG: Augustus, emperor
P M: PP: Pontifix Maximus, high priest
TR P: Tribunicia Potestate. The tribunician power, the emperor as civil head of the state.
IMP: Imperator, leader of the army

Reverse:

LIBERTAS AVGVSTA S C
LIBERTAS: Libertas
AVGVSTA: AVGVSTA

The title of Augusta denotes a woman with significant imperial power. Minting coins with Libertas on Roman coins was a political statement by many who succeeded tyrants

S C
S C: Senatus Consulto, by Decree of the Senate

LIBERTAS AVGVSTA S C, Libertas standing facing, head right, pileus in right (cap worn by freed slaves), extending left hand

Domination: Copper AS, size 27 mm, die axis 180o

Mint: Rome mint, 50- 54 A.D, RIC 1-113_C47
John S
Claudius_Minerva_1.JPG
Claudius S C Minerva22 viewsClaudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.

Obverse:
Bare head left

TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP

TI: Tiberius
CLAVDIVS: Claudius
CAESAR: CAESAR
AVG: Augustus, emperor
P M: PP: Pontifix Maximus, high priest
TR P: Tribunicia Potestate. The tribunician power, the emperor as civil head of the state.
IMP: Imperator, leader of the army

Reverse:

S C

S C: Senatus Consulto, by Decree of the Senate


Minerva advancing right brandishing javelin in right, shield in left

Domination: Copper AS, size 25 mm

Mint: Rome mint, 50-54 A.D¸ RIC-I-116_C-84
John S
Commodus- Victoria.jpg
Commodus- Denarius Victoria51 viewsCommodus, marts eller april 177 - 31 December 192

Obverse:
Commodus with laurete head right

M COMM ANT FEL AVG P BRIT

M: Marcus
COMM: Commodus
ANT: Antoninus, Antoninus
FEL: Happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor
P: Pius, pious
BRIT: Britannicus

Reverse:
SAEC FEL PM TR P XI IMP VII COS V PP

SAEC: Happy age, refers to the secular games
FEL: Felix, happy
PM: Pontifix Maximus, literally ”head priest”, the ruler´s title as supreme head of the roman religion.
TRP: Tribunicia Potestas, The Tribunician power, the emperor as civil head of the state.
XI: 11th time
IMP: Imperator, head of the army
VII: 7 th time
COS: Consul,
V: 5 th time
PP: Pater Patria, father of his country

Victoria standing right, foot on helmet, inscribing VO DE (VOTA DECENNALES, every 10 year) on a shield set on upon a palme.

Domination: Denarius, silver, size 18 mm

Mint: Rome, struck 183-184 A.D. RIC 101, type B.

TRP = This is short for tribunicia potestate - "with the power of the Tribune of the Plebs." The government of Rome was split into the Patricians (who were Senators) and the Plebians. Nine Tribunes of the Plebs were elected by both Plebs and Patricians every year to be in charge of the Plebian assembly. These Tribunes could not be injured because it could be punishable by death. They had veto powers, and they could prevent a law from being passed or an election. An emperor cannot technically rule on the Plebian assembly since he is a Patrician, but by taking the title he could be free from injury. On a coin, if this symbol is followed by a number, it depicts how many times he has been elected Tribune of the Plebs.
John Schou
Commodus- Jupiter.jpg
Commodus- Jupiter85 viewsCommodus, March or April 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate head right

M COMMODVS ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT

M: Marcus
COMMODVS: Commodus
ANT: Antoninus, Antoninus
PFELIX: Pius Felix,
AVG: Augustus,
BRIT: Britannicus

Reverse:
IOVI IVVENI P M TR P XIIII IMP VIII COS V P P S—C

IOVI: Jupiter
IVVENI: Young
P M: Pontifix Maximus, ypperste præst
TRP: Tribunicia Potestas, folkets tribunat
XIIII: 14
IMP: Imperator,
VIII: 8
COS: Consul,
V:
PP: Pater Patria,

S—C: Senatus Consulto

Showing: Jupiter with his head left, naked except for cloak hanging from shoulder: Jupiter holding thunderbolt and sceptre, and there is a eagle at left foot. There is an S at left and an C right for Jupiter.


Domination: Sestertius, Orichalcum, size 30 mm
Mint: Rome

TRP = This is short for tribunicia potestate - "with the power of the Tribune of the Plebs." The government of Rome was split into the Patricians (who were Senators) and the Plebians. Nine Tribunes of the Plebs were elected by both Plebs and Patricians every year to be in charge of the Plebian assembly. These Tribunes could not be injured because it could be punishable by death. They had veto powers, and they could prevent a law from being passed or an election. An emperor cannot technically rule on the Plebian assembly since he is a Patrician, but by taking the title he could be free from injury. On a coin, if this symbol is followed by a number, it depicts how many times he has been elected Tribune of the Plebs.
John Schou
kar.jpg
Cqaracalla 198-2174 views1943, PONTIF TR PX COS II,
antoninus pius aug
denarii
Alexios
RIC9.JPG
Cracalla (Aged. 9)37 viewsSilver denarius, RIC 9, RSC95, S 6674, VF, 3.16g, 16.6mm, 180o, Rome mint, as Caesar, 197 A.D.; obverse M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse IMPERII FELICTAS, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus pointed at the ground in right, child on left arm1 commentsowellber
trib_p.jpg
Denarius, PONTIF (MAXIM)7 viewsTiberius A.D. 14-37. AR Denarius. 3.4g, 17mm. Obv. PONTIF (MAXIM), Livia seated right holding sceptre and branch. RCV 1763, RSC 16aPodiceps
geta_pontif.jpg
Denarius; PONTIF - COS II8 viewsGeta Denarius. 208 A.D. 3,2g, 21mm. P SEPTIMIVS GETA CEAS, draped bust right / PONTIF COS II, Geta, veiled, standing left with scepter, sacrificing over tripod. RIC 62b, RSC 119, BMC 588, Sear RCV II: 7189.Podiceps
geta_pontif_cosII.jpg
Denarius; PONTIF COS II (obv bearded portrait)12 viewsDenarius 19 mm Rome AD 200-202
obv: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, draped bust right, bearded
rev: PONTIF COS II, Genius standing left, holding patera over lit altar & corn ears.
Sear II 7187

Podiceps
41820_Caracalla_ric_89_mars.jpg
Denarius; PONTIF TR P X COS II, Mars standing; RIC IV 894 viewsCaracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D. Silver denarius, RIC IV 89, RSC III 432, cf. SRCV II 6859 (TR P VIII), VF, reverse weakly struck, Rome mint, 2.828g, 19.6mm, 0o, 207 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate bust right; reverse PONTIF TR P X COS II, Mars standing right, wearing military dress, helmeted, resting right on grounded shield, reversed spear in left; scarce. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
caracalla_92.jpg
Denarius; PONTIF TR P X COS II, Securitas seated, RIC 9211 viewsCaracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D. Silver denarius, RIC IV 92, RSC III 434, gVF, Rome mint, 3.318g, 19.4mm, 180o, 207 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate bust right; reverse PONTIF TR P X COS II, Securitas seated right on crossed Cornucopias, propping head on right hand, scepter in left, altar at feet. Ex FORVMPodiceps
caracalla_rivergods.jpg
Denarius; PONTIF TR P X COS II; emperor, rivergods and captive; RIC 965 viewsCaracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D. Denarius, River Gods, Rome, 207 AD, 3.40g. BM-555, C-441 (6 Fr.), RIC-96. Rev: PONTIF TR P X COS II Emperor standing l., head r., between two reclining river gods and seated captive. Scarce: 22 specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. VF; some weak strike on reverse. Ex H.J.BerkPodiceps
caracalla_13b.jpg
Denarius; PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, RIC 13b6 viewsCaracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D. Silver denarius, RIC IV 13b, RSC III 505, VF, Rome mint, 3.067g, 17.0mm, 180o, as Caesar, 197 A.D.; obverse M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caracalla standing left, baton in right, spear in left, trophy right; tight flan as typical for the period. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Domitian.jpg
Domitian31 viewsRoman Empire
Imperator Titus Flavius Caesar Domitianus Augustus Germanicus
(Reign as 11th Emperor: Sept. 14th, 81-Sept. 18th, 96)
(Born: Oct. 24th, 51, Died: Sept. 18th, 96 [age: 44])

Obverse: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP XI, Head of Domitian wearing laurel wreath and facing right

Reverse: IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P PP, Minerva standing on a galley's prow (or a rostral column), holding spear and shield, owl at feet

Silver Denarius (18.2mm, 3.63g)
Minted in Rome circa 92


Understanding the inscriptions:

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM=Imperator Caesar Domitianus Augustus Germanicus
Sphinx357
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Domitian - AR Denarius - Anonna seated. Obv.10 viewsDomitian
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint.

obv: " CAESAR DIVI F DOMITIANUS COS VII " - Laureate bust right.

rev: " PONTIF MAX TR P COS PP " - Anonna seated left, holding cornucopia in arm, and holding ears of grain above modius.

3.2 grams
rexesq
s-l400_(51)~0.jpg
Domitian - AR Denarius - Anonna seated. Rev.7 viewsDomitian
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint.

obv: " CAESAR DIVI F DOMITIANUS COS VII " - Laureate bust right.

rev: " PONTIF MAX TR P COS PP " - Anonna seated left, holding cornucopia in arm, and holding ears of grain above modius.

3.2 grams
rexesq
D4.JPG
Domitian RIC 04101 viewsAR Denarius, 3.18g
Rome mint, 81 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVG; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P COS VII; Seat, draped; above, thunderbolt
RIC 4 (C). BMC 1. RSC 554. BNC 1.

The early issues of Domitian show a progression of the titles he assumed soon after his accession. This denarius is part of the first issue, evident by Domitian's sparse titles of IMP, AVG and TRP only, he is not yet Pontifex Maximus (PONT or PM) or Pater Patriae (P P). The reverse is a pulvinaria type carried over from Titus. The style is identical to the Domitian as Caesar denarii struck under Titus as well. NB: Thunderbolt is not winged.

A good example of the early portrait style.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
D16.jpg
Domitian RIC 16100 viewsAR Denarius, 3.43g
Rome mint, 81 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: P P COS VII DES VIII; Seat, draped; above, semicircular frame decorated with three crescents
RIC 16 (R2). BMC -. RSC -. BNC 8.
Acquired from Germania Inferior, June 2018.

Domitian seems to have been somewhat in a hurry to strike coins as Augustus after Titus' death in mid September 81 AD, presumably for a legionary donative. This denarius was struck before Domitian had been awarded the power of the tribunate (TR P) and pontifex maximus (PM). Here his only titles are Augustus (AVG), Imperator (IMP), Consul for the 7th time (COS VII), and pater patriae, father of the country (P P). Perhaps it may have taken a few days for the Senate to award the power of the tribunate to Domitian because they had assembled at the small town of Reate where Titus had died and needed to be in Rome in order to vote him the right. The religious ceremonies required for Domitian to assume the title pontifex maximus had not yet finished by this time either, here he is simply PONT, or in other words a member of the College of Pontiffs. Some have argued that PONT is the same as PM, I disagree. Titus as Caesar early on had also used the title PONT on his denarii and he was never pontifex maximus under Vespasian - only the emperor can be Pontifex Maximus or greatest priest. Although this Group 2 denarius is not part of Domitian's first RIC issue, it is very likely to have been struck within the first few days of him assuming the purple. RIC notes the chronology is not precise with these issues from 81 and they are grouped only for 'convenience'. Judging by the rarity of the Group 2 denarii they could not have been struck for any great length of time.

Dark cabinet toning with a stylish early portrait.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
D21aa.jpg
Domitian RIC 2122 viewsAR Denarius, 2.87g
Rome mint, 81 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS VII DES VIII P P; Curule chair, wreath above
RIC 21 (R2). BMC p. 299 note. RSC 58. BNC -.
Ex Andrew Short Collection.

This denarius was issued very early in Domitian's reign, perhaps just prior to him being elected Pontif Maximus, hence the abbreviation PONT in the obverse legend.

Worn, but with a fine style portrait.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
D31.JPG
Domitian RIC 31134 viewsAR Denarius, 2.90g
Rome mint, 81 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT; Head of Domitian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS VII DES VIII P P; Seat, draped; above, semicircular frame decorated with three crescents
RIC 31 (R2). BMC 7. RSC 59. BNC 7.

A rare "PONT" denarius minted very early in Domitian's reign. The "T" in PONT is just off flan. The "PONT" denarii were minted before Domitian completed the religious rites required to be Pontifex Maximus. Same obverse die as the BM and Paris specimens (BMC 7 & BNC 7).

A coin only a collector could love. Corroded and polished (!), but still lovely, IMHO.

NB: Thanks to Curtis Clay for additional attribution assistance.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
D40.jpg
Domitian RIC 40114 viewsAR Denarius, 3.17g
Rome mint, 81 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P; Altar, garlanded and lighted
RIC 40 (R2). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Acquired from London Ancient Coins, June 2017.

An early rare 'PONT' denarius struck towards the end of 81. The abbreviation 'PONT' for Ponitfex Maximus must have come early in the sequence of titles Domitian employed on his denarii and likely was short lived if its rarity is any indication. The records of the Arval brothers do not show Domitian as Pontifex Maximus by 30 October, so presumably he acquired the title in either November or December. Interestingly, the obverse legend displays the Greek influenced 'Y' instead of 'V', perhaps evidence of a Greek engraver's handiwork. The altar on the reverse is a carry-over pulvinaria type struck for Domitian as Caesar under Titus, perhaps representing the pulvinar of Vesta and Vulcan.

A sharp VF denarius struck when the dies were fresh. Good early style.

7 commentsDavid Atherton
D44.JPG
Domitian RIC 4488 viewsAR Denarius, 2.56g
Rome mint, 81 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DIVI VESP F DOMIT AVG PONT; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P; Altar, garlanded and lighted
RIC 44 (R2). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.

An extremely rare and early denarius of Domitian. This coin was minted before Domitian became Pontifex Maximus, as shown by the obverse legend which only shows him as PONT. Presumably the official ceremonies for this elevation had not been completed when the coin was struck. Domitian, always a stickler for the correct procedures, probably insisted the correct form of his titles be struck. This coin also indicates how quickly new coins were struck for Domitian after he became emperor. Also, notice the nice mention of Vespasian in the obverse legend - DIVI VESP F, "Son of the Divine Vespasian".

The style is very typical of the early denarii of Domitian before his coinage reform the following year. Notice the veristic style with the hook nose. Later his portraits became more idealized.

Not listed in the BM nor Cohen. The new RIC cites examples at the Ashmolean and a private sale.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
D52sm.jpg
Domitian RIC 5277 viewsAR Denarius, 2.62g
Rome mint, 81 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG PONT; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P; Dolphin coiled around anchor
RIC 52 (R2). BMC p. 299, ||. RSC -. BNC -.
Ex Lanz (eBay), February 2017.

Nothing more quite shows how much of a stickler Domitian was for keeping to the letter of the law than the 'PONT' denarii struck very early in his reign. Domitian would not call himself by the full title Pontifex Maximus until the proper religious ceremonies voting him as such were concluded. The PONT denarii provide numismatic evidence for Suetonius' claim that Domitian scrupulously observed the proper formalities (Dom. VII - IX). The coins themselves are quite rare, struck in a brief window of time while Domitian was being awarded his full titles.The resulting sequence of titles is quite fascinating!

Interestingly, the 'V' in AVG here looks more like a 'Y'. Some have speculated that this shows evidence of a Greek engraver working at the mint early in Domitian's reign.

Struck in good metal with a minor flan crack.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
D56best2.jpg
Domitian RIC 5687 viewsAR Denarius, 3.22g
Rome mint, 81 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P; Minerva adv r., with spear and shield (M1)
RIC 56 (R2). BMC p. 299, ‡. RSC 560a. BNC -.
Ex eBay, September 2017.

Here is a rare Domitian 'PONT' denarius with the legend variant of DOMITIANVS fully spelled out. Denarii with 'PONT' instead of PM in the obverse legend come very early in the reign. Historically, PONT did not stand for Pontifex Maximus under Augustus, but did so under Nero (PONT was used after Nero was already Pontifex Maximus, BMC 9). It is possible Domitian followed Nero's example and used PONT as an abbreviation for Pontifex Maximus. Conversely, it is also possible he followed in Augustus' footsteps and used the temporary title 'PONT' until the ceremony electing him to the position was completed. We simply do not know. The records of the Arval brothers do not show Domitian as Pontifex Maximus by 30 October, so presumably he acquired the title in either November or December. The office seems to have had no fixed date of appointment. Knowing how much of a stickler Domitian was to keeping to the proper forms, the mint likely waited until his election as Pontifex Maximus before the title was displayed on the coinage. Whether or not that title on the coinage after the election was abbreviated as 'PONT' for a brief time is a mystery.

Struck in fine early style with a well centred obverse.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
D68.JPG
Domitian RIC 68110 viewsAR Denarius, 3.08g
Rome mint, 81 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG PONT; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P; Seat, draped; above, winged thunderbolt
RIC 68 (R2). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.

The early pulvinar denarii struck by Domitian tell the story of an emperor who was awarded titles in stages. The "PONT" series were minted before Domitian obtained the full title Pontifex Maximus, presumably until the proper religious rites were completed. Most "PONT" denarii are listed as R2 or R3. Interestingly, this Group 4 denarius shares the same obverse die as my very rare Group 3 RIC 34 with the same reverse type but with a different legend, proof that the two groups were struck simultaneously. At this time the mint was divided up into different officinae based on reverse types. No obverses die matches are found with different reverse types.

A great early style portrait and finely toned.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
druso_PONTIFTRIBVNPOTESTITER_as_(Tiberio)_Ric45.jpg
Drusus - as7 viewsPONTIFTRIBVNPOTESTITER
Tiberius Ric 45
antvwala
drusus-caesar-sc.jpg
Drusus - Senatus Consultum19 viewsRoman Imperial, Drusus Caesar AE As. Struck under Tiberius, (21-22 AD), 27.5mm, 9.3g

Obverse: DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, Bare head left.

Reverse: PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER around large S•C.

Reference: RIC 45 (Tiberius), Sear RCV 1794, Cohen 2.

Ex: Incitiatus Coins +photo
Gil-galad
drusus.jpg
Drusus AE As32 viewsOBV: DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N
bare head left
REV: PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER
around large S
Date: 21~22 A.D. Rome Mint
10.28g. 29mm
RIC I 45, BMC 99
1 commentsmiffy
__57Drusus.jpg
Drusus AE AS. Large SC.29 viewsDrusus AE As. Rome, 23 A.D. DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, bare head left. / PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER, Legend around large SC. Sear 1794 Antonivs Protti
007Drusus.jpg
Drusus As22 viewsCopper As
Obv: DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N bare hd. of Drusus l.
Rev:PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER around large S C
RIC Tiberius 45
Tanit
Drusus.jpg
Drusus As20 viewsAE As
Obv: DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N ; bare hd. l.
Rev: PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER; legend around large S C in field.

Cohen 2
Tanit
drusus-reshoot.jpg
Drusus Caesar AE As. Struck under Tiberius, (21-22 AD)13 viewsRoman Imperial, Drusus Caesar AE As. Struck under Tiberius, (21-22 AD), 27.5mm, 9.3g

Obverse: DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, Bare head left.

Reverse: PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER around large S•C.

Reference: RIC 45 (Tiberius), Sear RCV 1794, Cohen 2.

Ex: Incitiatus Coins
Gil-galad
CollageMaker_20180531_122851719.jpg
Drusus Junior9 viewsAE As, Rome Mint, Struck 22-23 AD.
Obverse: DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, bare head left.
Reverse: PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER around large SC.
References: RIC I 45 (Tiberius), BMCRE 99, Cohen 2, RCV 1794
Justin L
Drusus_RIC_45.JPG
Drusus RIC 4532 viewsDrusus AE As, 22 - 23 AD, RIC 45 (Tiberius), Cohen 2, BMC 99, SEAR 1794,
OBV: DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, bare head left
REV: PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER around large S•C

SCARCE
Romanorvm
Drusus.jpg
Drusus, Son of Tiberius. AE As51 viewsDrusus Æ As. Struck under Tiberius, 21-22 AD. DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, bare head left / PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER around large S•C. RIC 45 (Tiberius),Cohen 2, BMC 99.ancientone
DRVSVS.JPG
DRVSVS As7 viewsDrusus, † 23. As, Rome A.D. 23. Drusus Memorial AE As, RIC 45 (Tiberius), Cohen 2, BMC 99, Sear RCV 1794 - Drusus Caesar Æ As. Struck under Tiberius, 21-22 AD. DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, bare head left / PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER around large S•C. Podiceps
EB0369_scaled.JPG
EB0369 Augustus / XXXIIII31 viewsAugustus, AE AS Struck 11-12 AD.
Obv: IMP CAESAR DIVI F AVGVSTVS IMP XX, bare head left.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POT XXXIIII around large SC.
References: RIC 471; sear5 1689; Cohen 226.
Diameter: 27.5mm, Weight: 11.192 grams.
Note: Sold.
2 commentsEB
EB0375_scaled.JPG
EB0375 Tiberius, as Caesar, AE As, 8-12 AD.7 viewsTiberius, as Caesar, AE As, 8-12 AD.
Obv: TI CAESAR AVGVST (F IMPERATOR V), bare head right.
Rev: PONTIFEX TRIBVN POTESTATE XII around large SC.
References: Cohen 27; RIC I 469-470.
Diameter: 27mm, Weight: 9.438 grams.
Note: Sold.
EB
EB0377_scaled.JPG
EB0377 Tiberius, Globe & Rudder42 viewsTiberius, AE As, AD 36-37.
Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VII, Laureate head left.
Rev: PONTIF MAX TR POT XXXIIX, Globe and rudder, large S-C.
References: RIC 64; sear5 1772.
Diameter: 27.5 mm, Weight: 11.026 grams.
Note: Sold.
2 commentsEB
EB0378_scaled.JPG
EB0378 Drusus Caesar30 viewsDrusus Caesar AE As. Struck under Tiberius, 21-22 AD.
Obv: DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, bare head left.
Rev: PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST [ITER] around large S•C.
References: Cohen 2; RIC 45[tib]; sear5 1794.
Diameter: 28mm, Weight: 10.107 grams.
Note: Sold.
EB
EB0485_scaled.JPG
EB0485 Caracalla / RIC IV 8814 viewsCaracalla, AR Denarius, 207 AD.
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev: PONTIF TR P X COS II, Mars advancing right holding spear and trophy.
References: RIC IV 88.
Diameter: 19mm, Weight: 3.399 grams.
EB
EB0487_scaled.JPG
EB0487 Caracalla / Concordia16 viewsCaracalla, AR (poss. Fourree) Denarius, 210 AD.
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right.
Rev: PONTIF TR P XIII COS III, Concordia seated left, holding patera and double cornucopiae.
References: RIC IV 116A.
Diameter: 19mm, Weight: 3.147 grams.
EB
EB0496_scaled.JPG
EB0496 Macrinus / Felicitas11 viewsMacrinus, AE Sestertius, 217-218 AD.
Obv: Macrinus AE Sestertius. IMP CAES M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, with cropped beard and young features.
Rev: PONTIF M[AX TR P] P P, S-C, Felicitas standing left, holding long caduceus in right hand and cornucopiae in left hand.
References: RIC IV 121.
Diameter: 31mm, Weight: 19.15 grams.
EB
car134.jpg
Elagabalus 218-222 denarius24 viewsOb. IMP.CAES.M.AVR.ANTONINVS AVG.Laureate bust of Elagabalus right.
Rev. PONTIF.MAX TR P Roma seated right
Ref. RIC 8, RSC 222a, BMC 1
Year 218

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
Elagabalus_Denarius_Pontiff_Max.jpg
Elagabalus Denarius Pontiff Max43 viewsObv.
IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right

Rev.
PONTIFF MAX TR P
Roma seated left, holding Victory and sceptre, by her side, a shield
1 commentsancientdave
Elagabalus_Emperor_on_Horseback.jpg
Elagabalus Emperor on Horseback15 viewsCaracalla, Silver denarius, Rome, 208 AD, 2.483g, 19.2mm, RIC IV 108, RSC III 510,
OBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right
REV: PROF PONTIF TR P XI COS III, Emperor on horseback right, captive at feet

EX: Forvm Ancient Coins

SCARCE

This coin refers to the departure of Caracalla, Septimius, and Geta on their British expedition.
The dating of this departure to the year 208 depends on these coins dated TR P XI for Caracalla and TR P XVI for Septimius.
Romanorvm
IVi-113.jpg
Enemy - Caracalla66 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 209 (2.98gm)
RIC IVi.113, RCV.6870 (S)
Ox: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
O: Laureate head right.
Rx: PONTIF TR P XII COS III
R: Caracalla on horseback galloping left, brandishing spear at fallen enemy - likely British due to the date - who is trampled by horse's forehooves.

ex. Harlan Berk
Paul DiMarzio
Lg3_quart_sm.jpg
FAVSTINA AVGVSTA / AVGVSTI PII FIL / Ӕ As or Dupontius (156-161 A.D.)20 viewsFAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair arranged in a chignon (bun) behind the head / AVGVSTI PII FIL, Venus standing left holding Victory and leaning on shield set on a helmet, S-C across fields in the lower half

Ӕ, 22.5-24+mm, 9.56g, die axis 11h

There may be a countermark across the front part of the face on obverse, but due to its location it is difficult to be sure and identify it.

AVGVSTI PII FIL(ia) = daughter of August Antoninus Pius, points out to the ruling of Fausta's father Antoninus Pius rather than her husband Marcus Aurelius. Reverse: Unlike Greek Aphrodite, in addition to her other aspects Roman Venus was also a goddess of victory, this embodied in her representation as Venus Victrix (Victorious) or Victris (of Victory), like in this case: she offers a little winged representation of victory, resting on defensive military attributes (as a female goddess, she represented passive, defensive aspects of war, active ones being the domain of male Mars). SC = [Ex] Senatus Consulto (Senatus is genitive, Consulto is ablative of Consultum) = by decree of the Senate, i. e. the authority of the Senate approved minting of this coin (necessary to justify issue of copper alloy coins for which the intrinsic value was not obvious).

Of two Ӕ coins with the same legends and Venus with shield, RIC 1367 and 1389a, the first is a sestertius and its typical dimensions are characteristic of the type: 30+ mm and 20+g. This one is definitely smaller. Material seems reddish, so this one is more likely an as. Minted in Rome. Some sources give issue dates as 156-161 (the end of Faustina's father's reign), others as 145-146 (her marriage).

Annia Galeria Faustina Minor (Minor is Latin for the Younger), Faustina Minor or Faustina the Younger (born probably 21 September c. 130 CE, died in winter of 175 or spring of 176 CE) was a daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius and Roman Empress Faustina the Elder. She was a Roman Empress and wife to her maternal cousin Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius. She was held in high esteem by soldiers and her own husband and was given divine honours after her death. Faustina, named after her mother, was her parents' fourth and youngest child and their second daughter; she was also their only child to survive to adulthood. She was born and raised in Rome. Her great uncle, the emperor Hadrian, had arranged with her father for Faustina to marry Lucius Verus. On 25 February 138, she and Verus were betrothed. Verus’ father was Hadrian’s first adopted son and his intended heir; however, when Verus’ father died, Hadrian chose Faustina’s father to be his second adopted son, and eventually, successor. Faustina’s father ended the engagement between his daughter and Verus and arranged for Faustina's betrothal to her maternal cousin, Marcus Aurelius; Aurelius was also adopted by her father.

In April or May 145, Faustina and Marcus Aurelius were married, as had been planned since 138. Since Aurelius was, by adoption, Antoninus Pius' son, under Roman law he was marrying his sister; Antoninus would have had to formally release one or the other from his paternal authority (his patria potestas) for the ceremony to take place. Little is specifically known of the ceremony, but it is said to have been "noteworthy". Coins were issued with the heads of the couple, and Antoninus, as Pontifex Maximus, would have officiated. Marcus makes no apparent reference to the marriage in his surviving letters, and only sparing references to Faustina. Faustina was given the title of Augusta on 1 December 147 after the birth of her first child, Galeria Faustina (or Domitia? sources differ which of them was born in 147 and was the first child).

When Antoninus died on 7 March 161, Marcus and Lucius Verus ascended to the throne and became co-rulers. Faustina then became empress. Unfortunately, not much has survived from the Roman sources regarding Faustina's life, but what is available does not give a good report. Cassius Dio and the Augustan History accuse Faustina of ordering deaths by poison and execution; she has also been accused of instigating the revolt of Avidius Cassius against her husband. The Augustan History mentions adultery with sailors, gladiators, and men of rank; however, Faustina and Aurelius seem to have been very close and mutually devoted.

Faustina accompanied her husband on various military campaigns and enjoyed the love and reverence of Roman soldiers. Aurelius gave her the title of Mater Castrorum or ‘Mother of the Camp’. She attempted to make her home out of an army camp. Between 170–175, she was in the north, and in 175, she accompanied Aurelius to the east.

That same year, 175, Aurelius's general Avidius Cassius was proclaimed Roman emperor after the erroneous news of Marcus's death; the sources indicate Cassius was encouraged by Marcus's wife Faustina, who was concerned about her husband's failing health, believing him to be on the verge of death, and felt the need for Cassius to act as a protector in this event, since her son Commodus, aged 13, was still young. She also wanted someone who would act as a counterweight to the claims of Tiberius Claudius Pompeianus, who was in a strong position to take the office of Princeps in the event of Marcus’s death. The evidence, including Marcus's own Meditations, supports the idea that Marcus was indeed quite ill, but by the time Marcus recovered, Cassius was already fully acclaimed by the Egyptian legions of II Traiana Fortis and XXII Deiotariana. "After a dream of empire lasting three months and six days", Cassius was murdered by a centurion; his head was sent to Marcus Aurelius, who refused to see it and ordered it buried. Egypt recognized Marcus as emperor again by 28 July 175.

Faustina died in the winter of 175, after a somewhat suspicious accident, at the military camp in Halala (a city in the Taurus Mountains in Cappadocia). Aurelius grieved much for his wife and buried her in the Mausoleum of Hadrian in Rome. She was deified: her statue was placed in the Temple of Venus in Rome and a temple was dedicated to her in her honor. Halala’s name was changed to Faustinopolis and Aurelius opened charity schools for orphan girls called Puellae Faustinianae or 'Girls of Faustina'. The Baths of Faustina in Miletus are named after her.

In their thirty years of marriage, Faustina bore Marcus Aurelius thirteen children, of whom 6 reached adulthood and were significant in history. The best known are emperor Commodus and the closest to him sister Lucilla (both depicted in a very historically inaccurate movie "Gladiator" and, together with their parents, in a much more accurate 1st season "Reign of Blood" of the TV series "Roman Empire").
Yurii P
Julius_Caesar.jpg
Gaius Julius Caesar212 viewsFebruary-March 44 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.90 g, 5h). Rome mint. P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer. Laureate and veiled head right / Venus standing left, holding Victory and scepter; shield at base of scepter. Crawford 480/13; CRI 107d; Sydenham 1074; RSC 39. From the Jörg Müller Collection.

Alföldi arranges Crawford 480 series coins in (44 BC) month order as follows:

RRC 480/1, Buca - January
RRC 480/2, DICT QVART - early February
RRC 480/3/4/5, CAESAR IMP - late February
RRC 480/6/7/8/9/10/11/12/13/14, DICT PERPETVO - early to mid March
RRC 480/17/18, CAESAR IMPER - late March
RRC 480/19/20, PARENS PATRIAE - April
RRC 480/15/16, MARIDIANVS - April
RRC 480/21/22, CLEMENTIAE CAESARIS and Mark Antony - April

"Iconography, historical meaning:

The rev. can be understand easily: The Iulians ascribed their gens back to Aeneas who was the son of Venus (Aphrodite) and Anchises.Venus was the tutelary goddess of the gens Iulia and hence of Caesar. 46 BC Caesar has consecrated together with his new built forum also the temple of Venus Genetrix, the ancestress of his gens. On this denarius with Victory, spear and shield it is rather Venus Victrix.

The portrait on obv. is imposing by its realistic depiction. It was for the first time that a living ruler was pictured on a Roman coin. This too raised suspicion that Caesar - even if he wasn't acclaimed king - would behave as such.

Caesar's portrait attracts attention by the wreath he is wearing. It protrudes notable wide beyond his forehead. Furthermore it is padded and very ragged. This characteristic received too little attention until now. There is every indication that it is not a usual wreath but a corona graminea, a Grass or Blockade crown. This crown was dedicated by the army to that commander who has freed them from an encirclement and saved them from certain death. The crown was composed from flowers and tuft of grass which was plucked at the location of their liberation. This crown was regarded as the highest of all crowns! Pliny (nat. 22, 6) has known only of 8 persons with this honour:
1. Lucius Siccius Dentatus, tribunus plebis 454 BC
2. Publius Decius Mus, 343 BC, 1st Samnite War, dedicated even by 2 armies!
3. Marcus Calpurnius Flamma, 258 BC, at Carmina on Sicily
4. Quintus Fabius Maximus, after the departure of the Carthaginians from Italy, 203 BC
(dedicated by the Senate and the people of Rome, possibly posthumous)
5. Scipio Aemilianus Africanus
6. Gnaeus Petreius Atinas, centurio during the war against the Cimbri
7. Lucius Cornelius Sulla, during the Allied War at Nola 89 BC
8. Quintus Sertorius, 97 BC aa military tribune in Spain under Titu Ddius.
To Caesar and Augustus the crown was dedicated by the Senate!

The veil Caesar is wearing as Pontifex Maximus for lifetime.

DICTATOR PERPETVVS

During Republican times a dictator was designated when the state was in an emergency situation. His position was always temporally limited, yes, sometimes designated only for a single task. In the beginning Caesar too was dictator limited to 1 year and had to be designated again for the next year. Already 46 BC Caesar has been nominated dictator for 10 years but the title had to be renewed each year. So we know of coins with DICT, DICT ITER (= again, for the second time), IC TER (for the third time) and DICT QVART.

Since the proclamation as king has failed the title dictator disappeared from the denarii and were replaced by IMP. But soon behind Caesar's head appeares a star, a crescent, or Victory's spear stands on a star. These celestial signs - and that was understod by all - stand for divinity and should raise Caesar high above all Romans. Incompatible with the idea of a republican constituted Rome.

The point of culmination in this series is the legend DICT PERPETVO of this coin. Now the title of dictator was no more temporally limited but was valid like his office as Pontifex Maximus for all his life and it no more was necessary to confirm the title each year. That actually was a spectacular violation of the Roman constitution! The fact that he appeared at the Lupercalia on February 15. 44 BC in the ancient robe of kings strengthened the suspicion that he was looking for the kingship. In fact he has publicly
refused the royal crown that was offered to him by Marcus Antonius, but his authority to exert power was equal a king even without bearing the title of king. That was the most hateful title of the Roman Republic.

Now he has passed a line that his republican enimies couldn't tolerate any more if they still wanted to be taken seriously. So this coin actually led to his murder by the conspirators. So "The coin that kills Caesar" is by no means an exaggeration.

The planned Parthian War:

Caesar has planned a war against the Parthians. In March 44 BC he wanted to start for a campaign to the east. His assassination inhibited this intention. In science disputed are the goals which Caesar has had in mind with his war. They are reaching from a boundary adjustment, as Mommsen suggested, to world domination like Alexander the Great, as Plutarch is writing: According to him Caesar after the submission of the Parthians would go across Hyrcania at the Caspian Sea, then round the Black Sea via the Caucasus, invade the land of the Scyths, attack Germania and would finally return to Italy through the land of the Celts. In this way he would have conquered the world known to the Ancients and his limits were only the shores of the surrounding Okeanos.

Probably Sueton who was sitting directly at the sources was more realistic. And we know of the campaigns of Marcus Antonius and Augustus who surely have known Caesar's plans and have used them for their own purposes. It's clear that Caesar doesn't want to repeat the errors of Crassus who perished at Carrhae, and has tried to avoid he Parthian cavalry units. Therefore a route through Lesser Armenia is most probable. And there was hope that the Mesopotamian cities would raise against the Parthians. Caesar had gathered an army of 16(!) legions, a huge power that alone by its mere bigness would ensure the victory. Caesar was no gambler, rather a cautious and prudential commander.The famous "veni, vidi, vici" doesn't exist longer. What he actually had in mind we don't know. It's speculative. But there is every indication that it was a reorganisation of the east. And that rather by establishing client-kingdoms than creating new Roman provinces.

Probably the conspirators were afraid of Caesar's Parthian War, because a victory, which was possible or even probable, would have strengthen Caesar's position and has made him practically invulnerable." - Jochen
4 commentsNemonater
A302.jpg
geta41 viewsP SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES
PONTIF COS II
mint : roma
208 AD
2 commentsfrederic
Geta_RIC_59B_neu1.jpg
Geta32 viewsDenarius (3.36g - 18mm)
obv. P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES
bare head right, bearded
rev. PONTIF COS II, Genius standing left, holding patera over lit altar & corn ears
Rome mint 209 AD
RIC 59b
HG
pjimage_(5).jpg
Geta17 viewsAR Denarius, Struck early 209 AD, Rome Mint
Obverse: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, Bare headed, partly bearded, draped bust right.
Reverse: PONTIF COS II, Genius, naked standing left, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar and holding corn ears.
References: BMC p.274, 584; RIC 59a; RSC 114; Sear 7187
1 commentsJustin L
teengeta.jpg
Geta (209 - 211 A.D.)45 viewsAR Denarius
O: P SEPTIMVS GETA CAES, Bareheaded and draped bust right.
R: PONTIF COS, Minerva standing left, holding shield and reversed spear.
Rome Mint 200-205 A.D.
3.3g
19mm
RSC III 104a
3 commentsMat
getashort~0.jpg
Geta (209 - 211 A.D.)62 viewsAR Denarius
O: IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG, Laureate head right.
R: PONTIF TR P COS II, Geta on horseback riding left, spearing enemy beneath.
Rome. A.D. 209
3.12g
19mm
BMC p. 359 17. RIC 68 (Rated Rare), RSC 13
4 commentsMat
NS-12.jpg
Geta (A.D. 209 - 211)12 viewsAR Denarius, AD 209 (as Caesar), Rome, 19.2mm, 2.57g, 180°, RIC Ivi 59a.
Obv: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES. Bare head, draped bust right.
Rev: PONTIF COS II. Genius standing left, sacrificing patera over alter and holding grain ears.
Joseph D5
Geta_RIC62.jpg
Geta (as Caesar), 198–209 CE48 viewsAR denarius, Rome, 209 CE; 3.42g. RIC 62, RSC 119. Obv: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES; bare-headed draped bust right. Rx: PONTIF COS II; Geta, veiled, standing half-left, sacrificing out of patera over tripod and holding short scepter.

Notes: Special issue of the joint reign of Severus and Caracalla commemorating the departure for Britain. Scarce; forty specimens in the Reka Devnia hoard.

Provenance: Ex Gorny & Mosch 212 (6 March 2013), lot 2884.
Michael K5
Geta_RIC_34b.jpg
Geta - denarius RIC 34b27 viewsGeta. Silver denarius, minted in Rome, 207 AD; 3.25g; obv. P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, draped bust right; rev. PONTIF COS, Minerva standing left holding spear & leaning on shield. RIC 34b; RSC 104a.

Notes: Ex Martin Griffiths (Maridvnvm) collection.
Bartosz Awianowicz
G1.JPG
Geta - The veiled Emperor52 viewsDenarius 209
O/ P SEPTIMIUS - GETA CAES Draped bust right
R/ PONTIF - COS II Geta, veiled, standing half-left, sacrificing out of patera over tripod
C 119 - RIC 62b
Mint: Rome
septimus
car1.jpg
Geta 209-212 denarius22 viewsOb. P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES Bare head right
Rev. PONTIF COS II Genius standing left holding patera and corn ears
Ref. Sear 1916

Genius is the personification of spirit. Normally depicted as a naked male with a patera and corn ears (as here) or a conucopia or sceptre.

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
s-l400_(5)_(3).jpg
Geta Caesar, 209 - 211 AD - AR Denarius - PONTIF COS II - Genius standing left, sacrificing.7 viewsAR Denarius - Geta as Caesar. 209 - 211 AD.

obv:" P SEPTIMIUS GETA CAES " - Bare headed bearded bust of Geta right.
rev:" PONTIF COS II " - Genius, nude, standing left holding patera and sacrificing over altar set on ground, holds grain ears in other hand.
rexesq
s-l400_(6)_(2).jpg
Geta Caesar, 209 - 211 AD - AR Denarius - PONTIF COS II - Genius standing left, sacrificing. Reverse.10 viewsAR Denarius - Geta as Caesar. 209 - 211 AD.

obv:" P SEPTIMIUS GETA CAES " - Bare headed bearded bust of Geta right.
rev:" PONTIF COS II " - Genius, nude, standing left holding patera and sacrificing over altar set on ground, holds grain ears in other hand.
rexesq
geta_den_2.jpg
Geta Denarius22 viewsGeta Denarius. 202 AD. P SEPTIVS GETA CAES, draped bust right / PONTIF COS, Minerva standing left with spear and leaning on shield

RIC 34, RSC 104,104a, BMC 446
Tanit
Geta_b.jpg
Geta denarius70 viewsPONTIF TR P II COS II2 commentsTibsi
Geta_RIC_70b.jpg
Geta Denarius A.D. 210 RIC 70b, RSC 140, BMC 4341 viewsIMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG, laureate head right / PONTIF TR P II COS II, Genius standing left sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar & holding corn-ears.

Ex Pegasi Numismatics Auction XXVI (15.05.2012)
1 commentsTheEmpireNeverEnded
ricIV34aORweb.jpg
Geta Denarius RIC IV 34a16 viewsRome mint, Geta Denarius, 207 A.D. AR 20mm 3.38g, RIC IV 34a, Cohen 104, BMC 446
O: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, draped bust right
R: PONTIF COS, Minerva standing left holding spear & leaning on shield.
casata137ec
Geta_denarius.jpg
Geta denarius, Geta as caesar,28 viewsGeta as Caesar, 197 - 209 n. Chr. denarius
struck 209 in Rome
Obv.: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, draped bust right,
Rev.: PONTIF COS II, Geta standing left, holding globe
RIC IV a 62
areich
Geta_2.jpg
GETA Denarius, RIC 61a, PONTIF14 viewsOBV: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, draped bust right
REV: PONTIF COS II, Geta standing left, holding globe & short scepter
2.2g, 18mm

Minted at Rome, 209 AD
Legatus
Geta_Mars_Crowning_Trophy.JPG
Geta Mars Crowning Trophy24 viewsGETA, 209 AD, Æ 25mm, 9.8g, RIC IV 152,
OBV: IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIUS AVG, laureate head of Geta right
REV: PONTIF TR P COS II, SC in ex, Mars standing left, crowning trophy and resting hand on shield, spear resting against left arm

ROMAN BRITAIN, Geta as Augustus under Septimius Severus and with Caracalla
Struck at the start of the Severan campaigns in Northern Britain,
Mars and the captured trophy of arms no doubt elude to the promise of Victory against the Pictish tribes.

RARE (RIC R)
Romanorvm
GETA-2.jpg
Geta RIC IV 70b23 viewsObv: IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG
laureate head right
Rev: PONTIF TR P II COS II
Genius standing left sacrificing out of
patera over lighted altar & holding corn-ears
19mm 2.85gm
OWL365
geta_62(a).jpg
Geta RIC IV, 62(a)27 viewsGeta, AD 198-209, brother of Caracalla
AR - denarius, 2.9g, 18mm
Rome, AD 209
obv. P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, bare-headed, r.
rev. PONTIF - COS II
Geta, veiled and wearing priestly garment, stg. l., sacrificing from patera over
burning tripod, stg. l.; holding short scepter in l. hand.
RIC IV/1, 62(a); C.119
Scarce, VF, toned

From now on Geta is always bearded!
Jochen
Geta_Sacrificial_Implements~0.JPG
Geta Sacrificial Implements14 viewsGeta as Caesar, Silver Denarius, Rome, 198 - 212 AD (struck 198 - 200 AD), 2g, 17.78mm
OBV: L SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES - Bareheaded bust right, draped
REV: SEVERI PII AVG FIL - Lituus, knife, jug, simpulum and sprinkler.
RIC Ivi, 3D(s), Cohen 188, SEAR RCV II (2002) 7201v
Silver Denarius "Behold the instruments of the Pontifex Maximus"

SCARCE
Romanorvm
Geta_Silver_Denarius.jpg
Geta Silver Denarius105 viewsGeta 209 - 212 AD. Silver Denarius 3.7 gram
RIC 34b Geta Denarius. 207 AD. P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, draped bust right / PONTIF COS, Minerva standing left holding spear & leaning on shield. RSC 104a. __8750

http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/ric/geta/RIC_0034b.1.jpg
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
geta34b.jpg
Geta Silver Denarius, RIC 34b Rome14 viewsObverse: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, bare-headed draped bust right.
Reverse: PONTIF COS, Minerva standing left, right hand on shield and holding a spear.
Rome mint, Struck 207 CE, 18.5 mm diam. 2.5 g
RIC 34b, RSC 104, SR 7186
sold 3-2018
NORMAN K
Geta_RIC_34a~0.JPG
Geta, 198 - 212 AD14 viewsObv: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Geta facing right.

Rev: PONTIF COS, Minerva standing left, leaning on a shield by her right side and holding a spear.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 207 AD

3 grams, 21 mm, 0°

RIC IVi 34a, RSC 104, S7186, VM 28
SPQR Coins
Geta_RIC_59a~0.JPG
Geta, 198 - 212 AD17 viewsObv: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, bare-headed, draped bust of Geta facing right.

Rev: PONTIF COS II, Genius standing left, holding grain ears and sacrificing with patera over a lighted altar.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 208 AD

3.8 gram, 19 mm, 0°

RIC IVi 59a, RSC 114a, S7187, VM 31/1
SPQR Coins
Geta_RIC_25A.JPG
Geta, 198 - 212 AD17 viewsObv: GETA CAES PONTIF, bare-headed, draped bust of Geta facing right.

Rev: MINERVA, Minerva standing left, resting right hand on a shield and holding a reversed spear.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 202 AD

2.5 grams, 18.64 mm, 180°

RIC IVi 25A, RSC 79, S7182 (var. obverse inscr.), VM 19b
SPQR Coins
GetaRic34a.JPG
Geta, 207 AD105 viewsP SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES
Bust draped, right
PONTIF COS
Minerva standing left, holding spear, leaning on shield
Rome, RIC 34a, S 2015, C 104
5 commentswhitetd49
Geta_k.jpg
Geta, AD 209-2117 viewsAR Denarius, 18mm, 3.2g, 6h; Rome mint, AD 210.
Obv.: IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG; Laureate head right.
Rev.: PONTIF TR P II COS II; Genius standing facing, head left, holding patera over altar and two corn-ears.
Reference: RIC IVa 70b, p. 323 / 16-397-79
John Anthony
Geta.jpg
Geta, RIC 18, 198 – 209 AD, Rome, Italy11 viewsDraped and cuirassed bust of Geta right. Geta standing left holding baton and scetpre, trophy behind.

P SEPT GETA CAES PONT
PRINC IVVENTIS
Caesar Pontifix Publius Septimius Geta.
Foremost/Leader of the young men.
Jonathan N
GETA_AR_DENARIUS.jpg
GETA. AR DENARIUS25 viewsDescription: •Date: C, 208 AD
•Rev: PONTIF COS II
•Size: 19 mm
•Weight: 3.28g
•Ref: RCV 7189
•Condition: Grey tone with clear detail
_4330

Antonivs Protti
12.jpg
Giudea, Ponzio Pilato, Prutah (30-31 d.C.)48 viewsPonzio Pilato (26-36 d.C.).
AE , gr 1,7. mm. 15. BB+/BB
D/ TIBEPIOY KAICAROC Lituus (Attributo pontificale).
R/ LIZ (anno 17 = 30/31 d.C.) (?) tra foglie di alloro.
BMC 27.259,70, Sear 5623
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (20 settembre 2007, numero catalogo 71); ex Artemide aste (San Marino, fino al 2007).
paolo
GordII.jpg
Gordian II Africanus / Victory64 viewsGordian II Africanus. Silver Denarius, AD 238. Rome.
O: IMP M ANT GORDIANVS AFR AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian II right.
R: VICTO-RIA AVGG, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
- RIC 2; BMC 28; RSC 12.

Gordian II (Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus Augustus), was Roman Emperor for one month with his father Gordian I in 238, the Year of the Six Emperors. The double "GG" in "AVGG" (Augustus) on the reverse was to show that power was shared between the two men although Gordian II did not receive the additional title of high priest or Pontifex Maximus. He died in battle outside of Carthage.

Confronted by a local elite that had just killed Maximinus's procurator, Gordian's father (Gordian I) was forced to participate in a full-scale revolt against Maximinus in 238 and became Augustus on March 22.

Due to his advanced age, Gordian I insisted that his son, Marcus Antonius Gordianus (Gordian II), be associated with him. A few days later, Gordian entered the city of Carthage with the overwhelming support of the population and local political leaders. Meanwhile in Rome, Maximinus' praetorian prefect was assassinated and the rebellion seemed to be successful. Gordian in the meantime had sent an embassy to Rome, under the leadership of Publius Licinius Valerianus, to obtain the Senate’s support for his rebellion. The senate confirmed the new emperor on 2 April and many of the provinces gladly sided with Gordian.

Opposition would come from the neighboring province of Numidia. Capelianus, governor of Numidia, loyal supporter of Maximinus Thrax, and who held a grudge against Gordian, renewed his alliance to the former emperor and invaded Africa province with the only legion stationed in the region, III Augusta, and other veteran units. Gordian II, at the head of a militia army of untrained soldiers, lost the Battle of Carthage and was killed, and Gordian I took his own life by hanging himself with his belt. The Gordians had reigned only twenty-two days.
3 commentsNemonater
63712q00.jpg
Hadrian38 viewsRoman Empire
Hadrian
(Reign as 14th Emperor of the Roman Empire 117-138AD)
(b. 76, d. 138AD)

Obverse: IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III, Laureate bust of Hadrian facing right

Reverse: RELIQVA VETERA HS. NOVIES MILL. ABOLITA, Lictor standing facing left, fasces in left hand, lighting a heap of bonds with a torch in his right, three citizens facing him

Orichalcum Sestertius

Minted in Rome 119-121 AD


This design commemorated Hadrian's forgiveness of debts early in his reign. He canceled the arrears of taxes due by individuals from Rome, Italy, and the provinces, for a total of 900 million sestertii and over a period of 16 years. The ceremony took place on the forum where a monument was erected to commemorate the event.



Translations:

IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III=Imperator(Commander-in-Chief) Caesar Trajan Hadrian Augustus, Pontifex Maximus(Greatest Priest,) Tribune of the Plebs, Consul for the 3rd time
RELIQVA VETERA HS. NOVIES MILL. ABOLITA=nine times a hundred thousand sestertii of outstanding debts cancelled

The legend RELIQVA VETERA HS NOVIES MILL ABOLITA literally translates to “old receipts in the amount of nine times a hundred thousand sestertii cancelled." The HS is a standard abbreviation for sestertii and, depending upon its context, it can mean a single sestertius, a unit of one thousand sestertii, or a unit of one hundred thousand sestertii. Novies means "nine times" and applies to the sestertius as a unit of one thousand sestertii. Considering the monumental inscription, the HS in the legend of this sestertius should be interpreted with the thousand, or mille, understood. Thus, the figure should be increased to 900 million sestertii, equaling the sum named on Hadrian’s monumental inscription.


Orichalcum=Brass

Reference: RIC 592a
1 commentsSphinx357
RIC_Hadrian_SRCV_-_PM_genius.jpg
Hadrian (Publius Aelius Hadrianus) (117-138 A.D.)5 viewsSRCV ---, RIC II 88-90, Van Meter 46/5.
AR Denarius, 2.86 g., 18.94 mm. max., 0°
Rome mint, 119-122 A.D.
Obv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.

Rev: P M TR P C-OS III (=Pontifex Maximus Tribunitia Potestas/High priest and holder of Tribunitian power), Genius standing facing, head left, sacrificing from patera in right over lit and garlanded altar, two stalks of grain in left.

RIC rarity __, Van Meter VB2.
Stkp
RIC_Hadrian_SRCV_3250_PM____aequitas.jpg
Hadrian (Publius Aelius Hadrianus) (117-138 A.D.)5 viewsSRCV 3250, RIC II 80, Van Meter 46/11.

AR Denarius, 3.10 g., 18.0 mm. max., 180°

Rome mint, 119-122 A.D.

Obv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.

Rev: P M TR P C-OS III (=Pontifex Maximus Tribunitia Potestas/High priest and holder of Tribunitian power), Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.

RIC rarity C, Van Meter VB2.
Stkp
Hadrian11.jpg
HADRIAN AR Denarius RIC II 141, Pietas36 viewsOBVERSE: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder
REVERSE: VOT (left), PVB (right), “public vows,” in the field. PM TR P COS III, “Pontifex Maximus, endowed with tribunician power, Consul for the third time, Pietas standing, hands extended before her
3.46g. 17mm
Struck at Rome, 121 AD
1 commentsLegatus
herennius_etruscus_143.jpg
Herennius Etruscus RIC IV, 14366 viewsHerennius Etruscus AD 250-251, son of Trajan Decius
AR - Antoninian, 4.32g, 21mm
Rome 6. officin, Jan.-Dec. 250
obv. Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C
bust draped, radiate r.
rev. PIETAS AVGVSTORVM
priestley implement
RIC IV/3, 143; C.14
Scarce; good VF, mint luster

Priestly implement from l. to r.:
1. ASPERGILLUM, a whisk for sprinkling holy water. Word not used in ancient authors!
2. SIMPUVIUM, an earthen ladle, Symbol of the PONTIFICES of Rome. Often called incorrectly Simpulum!
3. GUTTURNIUM, a narrow-necked jug for small quantities of liquids
4. PATERA, a shallow bowl for pouring liquids, grain or salt upon the fire or victims. In the early times symbol of the VI VIRI EPULONES, then used by many emperors or deities without a special meaning.
5. LITUUS, a curved staff, top hooked. With this staff the AUGURES marked out the 'templum', the area to undertake observations of birds. Origin of the Bishop's Staff.
1 commentsJochen
Caracalla-Denar-Mars-RIC88.jpg
II-CARACALLA -a- 003 Denar RIC IV/I/8826 viewsAv) ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
Laureated head right

Rv) PONTIF TRP X COS II
Mars walking right holding Spear and trophaion; wearing cloak

Weight: 3,7g; Ø:20mm; Reference: RIC IV/I/88; ROME mint, struck:207 A.D.
sulcipius
Caracalla-Denar-KaiserGefangene-RIC96.jpg
II-CARACALLA -a- 004 Denar RIC IV/I/9615 viewsAv) ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
Laureated head right

Rv) PONTIF TRP X COS II
Caracalla in military dress standing in front,head right, holding spear and parazonium. At his feet, at the left river good is resting, at the right two captivities

Weight: 3,3g; Ø: 20mm; Reference: RIC IV/I/96;ROME mint; struck: gepr.207
sulcipius
Caracalla-Denar-PROFKaiserreitet-RIC107.jpg
II-CARACALLA -a- 005 Denar RIC IV/I/10710 viewsAv) ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
Laureated head right

Rv) PONTIF MAXIM TRP XI COS III
Exergue: PROF
Caracalla, holding spear riding right

Weight: 3,1g; Ø: 19mm; Reference: RIC VI/I/107;ROME mint, struck:.208
sulcipius
Tiberius-Denar-Livia.jpg
II-TIBERIUS-a - 002 Denar- RIC I/2639 viewsAv) TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS
Laureate head right

Rv) PONTIF MAXIM
Female figure (Livia?) seated right, holding vertical sceptre and in other hand branch

Weight:3,6g; Ø: 18 mm; reference:: RIC I/26 struck at LUGDUNUM
sulcipius
Geta-Sesterz-CaracGetaopfernd-RIC156b.jpg
III-GETA -a- Sestertius - RIC IV/I/156b31 viewsAv) IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG
Laureate head right

Rv) PONTIF TRP II COS II
Exergue: SC
Caracalla and Geta sacrifying over tripod, flute player standing behind, at the ground lies sacrificial animal

Weight: 22,63 g; Ø: 31mm; Reference: RIC IV/I/156b;
ROME mint, struck: 210 A.D.
sulcipius
lg1_quart_sm.jpg
IMP•CAESAR•DIVI•F•AVGVSTVS•IMP•XX / •PONTIF•MAXIM•TRIBVN•POT•XXXIIII / Ӕ As (10-12 A.D.)12 viewsIMP • CAESAR • DIVI • F • AVGVSTVS • IMP • XX, bare head left / • PONTIF • MAXIM • TRIBVN • POT • XXXIIII, huge letters S•C, no field or mint marks.

Ӕ, 26-27mm, 5.77g, die axis 5h (slightly turned coin alignment), material: supposed to be pure red copper.

IMPerator (originally meant "supreme commander", Augustus started to use it as a title)
CAESAR (Augustus adopted the last name from Julius, this is not a title yet)
DIVI Filius (Son of the divine [Julius], Augustus was thus named, having been adopted by Caesar as his son) AVGVSTVS (following his defeat of Mark Antony and Cleopatra in 31 BC Senate granted Octavian this new name, meaning "majestic")
IMPerator XX (Vicesimum) (i. e. "invested with the twentieth imperial acclaim", second 'imperator' means his military title, a victorious general, the number refers to important victories when the title was renewed) PONTIFex MAXIMus (the high priest, starting with Augustus the emperor was always the head of state religion)
TRIBVNitia POTestas (Tribunal power, the function of the tribune of the people, originally an important republican official, was "hijacked" by Augustus when he was building the imperial structure of power and subsequently became another emperor's title, renewed every year and thus very useful for dating coins)
XXXIIII (Augustus got his tribunal power for life in 23 BC, during the Second Settlement with the Senate, so the 34th tribunal year of Augustus gives us 11 AD as the year of issue of the coin, ±1 since the coin could have been minted slightly before or after, and there is alos some uncertainty about when exactly the tribunal year number was increased by)
SC = [Ex] Senatus Consulto (Senatus is genitive, Consulto is ablative of Consultum) = by decree of the Senate, i. e. the authority of the Senate approved minting of this coin (necessary to justify issue of copper alloy coins for which the intrinsic value was not obvious)
As or assarius – the lowest-valued Roman coin (in times of Augustus minted of pure red copper).

The size and weight of the coin, large SC and the bare head of the emperor (who actually looks really like a typical official portrait of Augustus) all point towards an early imperial as. Unfortunately due to a very poor condition of the coin all that can be reliably gathered from the legends: IMP… left of the neck, …(DI)VI… top of the head on obverse and …XII… 10-11 o'clock on reverse, perhaps also …PONTI… at 2 o'clock and a few other letters, that get increasingly unreliable. Fortunately to my knowledge this excludes all of the coins except just one as of Augustus: RIC 471, Cohen 226, BMC 275, minted in Rome, with the legends as given above and very common. The closest other coin fitting the general outlook is Ӕ as of Tiberius (RIC 44, Cohen 25, BMC 91), but for it the obverse legend starts with TI and DIVI never gets close to 12 o'clock. And the face of Tiberius typically looks noticeably different.

Still, I will be very grateful if anybody looking at this coin points out any other possibilities for identification.

No biographical info here, since Augustus (reign 27 BC - 14 AD) is too well known.
Yurii P
MISC_Italian_States_Aquiliea_Bernardo_43_bertrando.jpg
Italian States. Aquileia, Patriarchate.17 viewsBernardi 43, Biaggi 171, CNI VI p. 26, 9-14

AR denaro (median weight 1.01 g.; nominal weight .1.10 g., nominal fineness 0.602); .83 g., 17.18 mm. max., 180◦.

Struck ca. 1336-1338 under Patriarch Bertrando di San Genesio (1334-1350).

Obv: + BER-TRAn-D'•PA-Th'A [An ligate], Cross that intersects a beaded circle and legend.

Rev: [S] KMA--ChOR'•, Saint Hermagoras/Ermacora, beardless. seated and facing, wearing pontifical robe and a cap, holding cross in left hand and raising right hand in blessing.

According to Aquiliean tradition, Hermagoras was the leader of the nascent Christian community in Aquileia, and was consecrated bishop by Saint Peter. Hermagoras and his deacon Fortunatus evangelized the area but were eventually arrested by Sebastius, a representative of Nero. They were tortured and beheaded.

Bernardi rarity R.
Stkp
10ll.jpg
Italian States. Papal States. Pius IX. .8350 silver 10-Soldo 1868 XXIIIR.12 viewsItalian States. Papal States. Pius IX. .8350 silver 10-Soldo 1868 XXIIIR. PIVS IX PON MAX.A.XXIII, bust left / STATO PONTIFICIO 50C., Value and date within wreath.

KM 1376
oneill6217
vatican.jpg
Italian States. Papal States. Pius IX. Copper Soldo 1867 XXIR.21 viewsItalian States. Papal States. Pius IX. Copper Soldo 1867 XXIR. PIVS PONT. MAX. ANN XXI 1867, bust left / 1 SOLDO B in beaded inner circle, * STATO PONTIFICIO * 5 CENT.

KM 1372.2
oneill6217
Italy- Rome- The Mausoleum  of Hadrian.jpg
Italy- Rome- The Mausoleum of Hadrian33 views- Castel St.Angelo
(Hadrian's Mausoleum) -
This building has had a checkered history. Originally a dynastic tomb, it was converted into a fortress, then became a noble dwelling and finally a papal residence; between times it served as a barracks, a prison and a museum.
Hadrian (117-38 AD) built a tomb in Domizia's gardens that was to become the dynastic sepulcher of the Antonines. Work started in 123 but was only completed in 139, after's death. The Pons Aelius (the predecessor of the Ponte Sant'Angelo 239), inaugurated in 134, linked the monument to the Campo Marzio.

The Sepulchral Chamber. The present entrance (which is about 10 feet above the level of the ancient one) leads via a short corridor to a square hall. The semicircular niche hollowed out in the back wall was probably intended to contain a statue of Hadrian. On the right is a spiral ramp leading to the cella (mortuary chamber), the heart of the monument. In this square room, which was originally faced with marble, the funerary urns of Emperor Hadrian and his wife, sabina.

Sant'Angelo was Rome's most important fortified area, anyone who held it had virtually the whole town at his mercy. Consequently, its history reflected the city's turbulent internal conflicts. Between the 10th and 11th centuries it passed into the hands of the most powerful noble families before suffering a massive attack by the Roman people, who made up their minds to demolish it in 1379.

Fortifications and Modifications. Under Nicholas III the castle became papal property. Most of the alterations to the building carried out between the pontificates of Nicholas V (1447-55) and Urban VII (1623-44) had a military purpose. Access to the subterranean galleries was blocked, two towers were built at the entrance and four bastions at the corners, a moat was dug, pentagonal ramparts were erected with five small forts (today no longer standing) and, finally the Corridoio or Passetto, the fortified passageway linking St Peter's to the castle, was strengthened
John Schou
Italy- Rome- The Obelisk of Ramses II.jpg
Italy- Rome- The Obelisk of Ramses II31 viewsObeliscus Augusti in Circo Maximo: brought from Heliopolis by Augustus at the same time as the gnomon (v. supra). This is shown by the identical inscriptions on the bases of the two (CIL vi.701 = 702). It was dedicated to the Sun (Cassiod. Var. iii.51.8, wrongly says that it was dedicated to Luna), and erected on the spina of the circus Maximus (Strabo xvii.805; Amm. Marcell. xvii.4.12; Plin. NH xxxvi.71; Not. Brev.; Chron. 145). The hieroglyphics on the shaft were cut partly by Seti I and partly by Rameses II, 1292‑1325 ( Amm. Marcell. xvii.4.17‑23; BC 1896, 145‑173, 250‑259 = Ob. Eg. 51‑90). The height of the obelisk is 23.70 metres (cf. Plin. loc. cit.; Not. Brev.; Chron. 145; CIL i283 = AL 1552, 83; Jord. ii.187). Nothing is known of the history of the obelisk after the fourth century until the sixteenth, when fragments of the base and inscription were found during the pontificate of Gregory XIII (1572‑1585), and the obelisk itself, broken into three pieces, in 1587. It was then removed and erected on its present site, in the Piazza del Popolo John Schou
Italy- Rome- The Obelisk of Ramses II 1.jpg
Italy- Rome- The Obelisk of Ramses II 151 viewsObeliscus Augusti in Circo Maximo: brought from Heliopolis by Augustus at the same time as the gnomon (v. supra). This is shown by the identical inscriptions on the bases of the two (CIL vi.701 = 702). It was dedicated to the Sun (Cassiod. Var. iii.51.8, wrongly says that it was dedicated to Luna), and erected on the spina of the circus Maximus (Strabo xvii.805; Amm. Marcell. xvii.4.12; Plin. NH xxxvi.71; Not. Brev.; Chron. 145). The hieroglyphics on the shaft were cut partly by Seti I and partly by Rameses II, 1292‑1325 ( Amm. Marcell. xvii.4.17‑23; BC 1896, 145‑173, 250‑259 = Ob. Eg. 51‑90). The height of the obelisk is 23.70 metres (cf. Plin. loc. cit.; Not. Brev.; Chron. 145; CIL i283 = AL 1552, 83; Jord. ii.187). Nothing is known of the history of the obelisk after the fourth century until the sixteenth, when fragments of the base and inscription were found during the pontificate of Gregory XIII (1572‑1585), and the obelisk itself, broken into three pieces, in 1587. It was then removed and erected on its present site, in the Piazza del Popolo John Schou
Domna_Caracalla_rev_fac.jpg
Julia Domna - PONTIF TR P XII COS III 34 viewsJulia Domna
denarius
irregular mint
Av.: IVLIA - AVGSTA(sic!) / draped bust right
Rev.: PONTIF TR P XII COS III / Concordia seated left, holding patera and double cornucopiae (RIC 111 Caracalla)
2,70 Gr., 6 h die axis
2 commentsnummis durensis
syd1023.jpg
Julius Caesar43 viewsJulius Caesar
46 BC
Africa (perhaps Utica) or Spain
3.45 g
20 mm
--- COS TERT DICT ITER (Consul Tertius Dictator Iterum)
Head of Ceres, right.
--- AVGVR PONT MAX (Augurus Pontifex Maximus)
Simpulum, sprinkler, capis and lituus. Letter D.
Sydenham 1023 - Crawford 467/1a
1 commentsArgentoratum
Julius_caesar.jpg
Julius Caesar48 viewsJULIUS CAESAR DICTATOR AR silver denarius. Struck 49-48 BC. CAESAR in exergue, elephant right, trampling on serpent. Reverse - Simpulum, sprinkler, axe and priest's hat. RCV 1399, RSC 49.
This is the first coin struck in the name of Julius Caesar. The symbolism on the obverse apparently alludes to the conquest of good over evil and/or Caesar's victory over the Gauls, while the reverse refers to Caesar's possession of the office of Pontifex Maximus.


1 commentsSoxfan
JC_Elephant.jpg
Julius Caesar178 viewsJulius Caesar. 49-48 BC. AR Denarius (19 mm, 3.66 g). Military mint traveling with Caesar.
O: Elephant right, trampling on serpent
R: Simpulum, sprinkler, axe and priest's hat. - Crawford 443/1; CRI 9; Sydenham 1006; RSC 49.
Variant type recognized by B. Woytek, in cruder style and with the elephant's two front legs and two back legs virtually parallel with each other.

Julius Caesar and his armies assembled on the banks of the Rubicon River on 10 January 49 BC, ready to invade Italy. Since large quantities of denarii were necessary to pay Caesar's military expenses, the mint traveled with them. This issue was ordered, not by a moneyer, as was usual, but by Julius Caesar himself. In all likelihood, this type was used by Caesar's military forces at least until the decisive battle of Pharsalus.

"It is the inscription CAESAR in the exergue that has led to the modern identification of the elephant as Caesar. But the exergue is the traditional place for the moneyer’s name and Caesar is separated from the field by the ground line. When Hirtius minted, he put his own name there. Presumably the Caesarian message remained the same with or without CAESAR inscribed on the coin. So whatever that message was, it had to be using symbols easily recognized by the people he was speaking to.

The main problem with a Good over Evil interpretation is that the snake was not a symbol of evil in the pagan Roman mind. As for the elephant, the most frequent use of the elephant on coinage had been by the Metelli. Of all the families of Rome they had done more to connect their name with the elephant image than any other family line. And Metellus Scipio himself even used the elephant again (without snake, of course) after Caesar minted his coin.

As others have pointed out, the other side of the coin with the implements of the pontifex maximus makes an unmistakable reference to Caesar with or without the name Caesar. But that also got me to thinking. Why did he want to advertise that position? Simply put, the main concern of the Roman state religion was the Salus of the state, hence it was Caesar’s chief concern as Pontifex Maximus. If the Metellan elephant was trampling on the Salus of the state, it was his duty as Pontifex Maximus to protect and restore Salus." - mharlan, http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=88757.0
4 commentsNemonater
JCaesarFatEle.jpg
Julius Caesar160 viewsJulius Caesar. 49-48 BC. AR Denarius (18.07 mm, 3.87 g). Military mint traveling with Caesar.
O: Elephant right, trampling on serpent
R: Emblems of the pontificate - Simpulum, sprinkler, axe and priest's hat.
- Crawford 443/1; Sear (History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators) 9; Sydenham 1006; BMCRR (Gaul) 27; Cohen/RSC 49; Babelon (Voconia) 1; Sear (Roman Coins & Their Values I) 1399.

Julius Caesar and his armies assembled on the banks of the Rubicon River on 10 January 49 BC, ready to invade Italy. Since large quantities of denarii were necessary to pay Caesar's military expenses, the mint traveled with them. This issue was ordered, not by a moneyer, as was usual, but by Julius Caesar himself. In all likelihood, this type was used by Caesar's military forces at least until the decisive battle of Pharsalus.

"It is the inscription CAESAR in the exergue that has led to the modern identification of the elephant as Caesar. But the exergue is the traditional place for the moneyer’s name and Caesar is separated from the field by the ground line. When Hirtius minted, he put his own name there. Presumably the Caesarian message remained the same with or without CAESAR inscribed on the coin. So whatever that message was, it had to be using symbols easily recognized by the people he was speaking to.

The main problem with a Good over Evil interpretation is that the snake was not a symbol of evil in the pagan Roman mind. As for the elephant, the most frequent use of the elephant on coinage had been by the Metelli. Of all the families of Rome they had done more to connect their name with the elephant image than any other family line. And Metellus Scipio himself even used the elephant again (without snake, of course) after Caesar minted his coin.

As others have pointed out, the other side of the coin with the implements of the pontifex maximus makes an unmistakable reference to Caesar with or without the name Caesar. But that also got me to thinking. Why did he want to advertise that position? Simply put, the main concern of the Roman state religion was the Salus of the state, hence it was Caesar’s chief concern as Pontifex Maximus. If the Metellan elephant was trampling on the Salus of the state, it was his duty as Pontifex Maximus to protect and restore Salus." - mharlan, http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=88757.0
5 commentsNemonater
caes.jpg
Julius Caesar (Died 44 B.C.)194 viewsAR Denarius
O: CAESAR below elephant right trampling on snake.
R: Emblems of the pontificate – culullus (cup) or simpulum (ladle), sprinkler, axe and apex (priest's hat).
Military Mint, Traveling with Caesar 49 B.C.
3.96g
18.5mm
RSC I 49, SRCV I 1399, Sydenham 1006, Crawford 443/1

This was the first coin issued in Caesar's name. It was minted after his invasion of Italy and crossing of the Rubicon on 10 January 49 B.C. until his defeat of Pompey at Pharsalus. The symbolism on the obverse appears to be the triumph of good over evil. The reverse refers to Caesar's office of Pontifex Maximus.
8 commentsMat
00763.jpg
Julius Caesar (RSC I 49, Coin #763)4 viewsRSC I 49, AR Denarius, Rome, 44 BC
OBV: CAESAR; Elephant walking right trampling on a carnyx (a Celtic war trumpet) ornamented to look like a dragon.
REV: Implements of the pontificate: culullus (cup) or simpulum (ladle), aspergillum (sprinkler), securis (sacrificial ax), and apex (priest's hat).
SIZE: 17.6mm, 3.62g
MaynardGee
Caesar_elephant.jpg
Julius Caesar - AR denarius11 viewsmoving mint (Cisalpine Gaul or Hispania)
I 49 - VIII 48 BC
elephant right, trampling on serpent
CAESAR
sacrificial implements - simpulum (laddle), sprinkler, axe, apex (priest's hat)
RSC I 49, SRCV I 1399, Sydenham 1006, Crawford 443/1
4,00g

According to Harlan this issue is Caesar's answer to the issue of Mn. Acilius Glabrio from 50 BC (incorrectly 49 according to Crawford) which presented Pompeyans as protectors of Salus of the Republic. Elephant as traditional symbol of Metteli family symbolizes Caesar's most vehement enemy in senate Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio who in Caesar's view was the biggest threat for the Salus of the Repubic represented by snake. Caesar was careful to avoid blaming Pompey directly so he claimed that Pompey had been led astray and corrupted by Caesar’s enemies who were jealous of his glory, while he himself had always promoted Pompey’s honor and dignity. Caesar showed Rome that Metellus Scipio and his supporters were the true threat to the health and safety of the Republic, the true cause of the civil war. Sacrificial implements reminds Caesar as Pontifex Maximus.
Johny SYSEL
Caesar_Elephant.jpg
Julius Caesar - Denarius - Sear Imperators 97 viewsObv: Elephant advancing right, trampling on horned serpent, CAESAR in ex.
Rev: Emblems of the pontificate: simpulum, aspergillum, securis, and apex
Size: 17-18 mm
Weight: 3,61 g
Mint: Military mint traveling with Caesar
Date: April-August 49 BC
Ref: Crawford 443/1; Sear Imperators 9; Sydenham 1006; RSC 49
vs1969
Julius_Caesar_-_Elephant.jpg
Julius Caesar - Elephant24 viewsJulius Caesar Silver Denarius
Obverse: CAESAR below elephant right trampling on snake
Reverse: Emblems of the pontificate - culullus (cup) or simpulum (ladle), sprinkler, axe and apex (priest's hat);
Minted: 49-48 BC
Mint: military mint traveling with Caesar, 49 B.C
Size: 3.39gm, 19mm
ID: RSC I 49, SRCV I 1399, Sydenham 1006, Crawford 443/1
ickster
Julius Caesar Crawford 443-1 obv and rev.jpg
JULIUS CAESAR - Elephant Walking280 viewsJULIUS CAESAR
AR Denarius
16.9mm. 3.6g.
Die Alignment: 270 degrees
Gaul Mint. 49 - 48 B.C.
Obv: CAESAR - Elepahant walking right trampling a serpent.
Rev: [NO LEGEND] - Emblems of the pontificate: callus (cup) or simpulum (ladle), sprinkler, axe and apex (priest's hat).
Ref: Crawford 443/1. Sydenham 1006. RSC 49. Van Meter 4.
seraphic
Julius_Caesar_Elephant_Crawford_443_1.jpg
Julius Caesar - [Crawford 443/1; CRI 9; Sydenham 1006; RSC 49; Kestner 3515-20; BMCRR Gaul 27-30; RBW 1557]105 viewsSilver denarius, 3.88g, 18.40mm, 90 degree, military mint traveling with Caesar, April-August 49 B.C.

Obv. - Elephant advancing right, trampling on horned serpent, CAESAR in exergue

Rev. - Emblems of the pontificate: simpulum, aspergillum, securis, and apex

An old tone with a slight rainbow highlight when presented in sunlight. Suspected graffiti in upper left reverse field forming a "X".
___________

Purchased from VCoins seller Ephesus Numismatics (Tom Wood) at the 2013 BRNA Dalton, GA coin show
4 commentsrenegade3220
roman14.jpg
Julius Caesar Ar Denarius58 views49-48 BC. Military mint traveling with Caesar.
Obv.: Elephant advancing right, trampling on serpent. CAESAR in ex..
Rev.: Emblems of the pontificate: simpulum, aspergillum, securis, and apex.
Crawford 443/1; CRI 9; Sydenham 1006; RSC 49.
3 commentsMinos
caesar denar.jpg
JULIUS CAESAR AR denarius - 49-48 BC51 viewsobv: CAESAR in exergue, elephant right, trampling on serpent
rev: Simpulum, sprinkler, axe and priest's hat.
ref: Cr443/1; Syd 1006; BMCRR (Gaul) 27, SRC 1399, RSC 49
Military mint travelling with Caesar.
3.62gms, 18.5mm
This is the first coin struck in the name of Julius Caesar. The symbolism on the obverse apparently alludes to the conquest of good over evil, Caesar's victory over the Gauls, while the reverse refers to Caesar's possession of the office of Pontifex Maximus.
berserker
sale_25_lot_378_NN_Caesar_elephant.jpg
Julius Caesar Craw 443/165 viewsIulius Caesar. Denarius mint moving with Caesar 49-48., AR (18.66 mm., 3.85g).
Obv: Pontifical emblems: culullus, aspergillum, axe and apex.
Rev: Elephant r., trampling dragon; in exergue, CAESAR.
Babelon Julia 9. C 9. Sydenham 1006. Sear Imperators 9. RBW 1557. Crawford 443/1.
Ex: E.E. Clain Stefanelli, Ex: Naville Numismatics Auction #25 Lot 378 September 25, 2016.




This denarius is the famous elephant denarius of Julius Caesar. They were minted in the millions in 49-48 BCE. The obverse has an elephant trampling an object which could be a snake, a Carnyx (war trumpet), or even a dragon. There are many theories as the what the elephant represents. The one I find most interesting is the idea that Julius Caesar is the elephant and that the object, a snake for example, represents Pompey, his adversary.

On the reverse is a group of priestly implements. Julius Caesar was not only the ruler, he was also the chief priest. The objects include an Aspergillum (horse-haired sprinkler), a Culullus (a horn shaped vessel), an axe, and an Apex (a hat with a spike on top).

I wanted this coin because I was interested in the symbolism, and of course because one cannot have too many coins of Julius Caesar. I also like that this coin was owned by E. E. Clain-Stefanelli, a former curator at the Smithsonian.
3 commentsorfew
JCElephantII.jpg
Julius Caesar Elephant Denarius61 viewsJulius Caesar. 49-48 BC. AR Denarius. Military mint traveling with Caesar.
O: Elephant right, trampling on serpent
R: Emblems of the pontificate - Simpulum, sprinkler, axe and priest's hat.
- Crawford 443/1; Sear (History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators) 9; Sydenham 1006; BMCRR (Gaul) 27; Cohen/RSC 49; Babelon (Voconia) 1; Sear (Roman Coins & Their Values I) 1399. Ex HJBerk 90th Buy or Bid Sale, 4/17/96, Lot 232, listed as Mint state.

Julius Caesar and his armies assembled on the banks of the Rubicon River on 10 January 49 BC, ready to invade Italy. Since large quantities of denarii were necessary to pay Caesar's military expenses, the mint traveled with them. This issue was ordered, not by a moneyer, as was usual, but by Julius Caesar himself. In all likelihood, this type was used by Caesar's military forces at least until the decisive battle of Pharsalus.

"It is the inscription CAESAR in the exergue that has led to the modern identification of the elephant as Caesar. But the exergue is the traditional place for the moneyer’s name and Caesar is separated from the field by the ground line. When Hirtius minted, he put his own name there. Presumably the Caesarian message remained the same with or without CAESAR inscribed on the coin. So whatever that message was, it had to be using symbols easily recognized by the people he was speaking to.

The main problem with a Good over Evil interpretation is that the snake was not a symbol of evil in the pagan Roman mind. As for the elephant, the most frequent use of the elephant on coinage had been by the Metelli. Of all the families of Rome they had done more to connect their name with the elephant image than any other family line. And Metellus Scipio himself even used the elephant again (without snake, of course) after Caesar minted his coin.

As others have pointed out, the other side of the coin with the implements of the pontifex maximus makes an unmistakable reference to Caesar with or without the name Caesar. But that also got me to thinking. Why did he want to advertise that position? Simply put, the main concern of the Roman state religion was the Salus of the state, hence it was Caesar’s chief concern as Pontifex Maximus. If the Metellan elephant was trampling on the Salus of the state, it was his duty as Pontifex Maximus to protect and restore Salus." - mharlan, http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=88757.0
2 commentsNemonater
caesar.jpg
Julius Caesar, as Imperator and Dictator. 49-44 BC. AR denarius.204 viewsJulius Caesar, as Imperator and Dictator (49-44 BC). AR denarius (3.85 gm). Mint moving with Caesar in Gaul, 49–48 BC. Elephant right, trampling serpent, CAESAR in exergue / Pontifical emblems: culullus, aspergillum, axe, and apex. Crawford 443/1. Syd. 1006. RSC 49. CRI 9. RCTV 1399. Weakly struck to right on obverse, shallow circular test mark on elephant's head, otherwise good very fine.b70
jc_k.jpg
Julius Caesar, b. 100 BC - d. 44 BC3 viewsAR denarius, 19mm, 3.4g, 9h; Traveling military mint, 49-48 BC
Obv.: Elephant advancing right, trampling horned serpent // CAESAR
Rev.: Symbols of the pontificate: simpulum, aspergillum, securis, and apex.
Reference: Crawford 443/1; CRI 9; Sydenham 1006; RSC 49. 16-188-176
John Anthony
César.jpg
Julius Caesar, denarius62 viewsMoving Mint
elephant right trampling a gallic carnyx //CAESAR
Pontifical emblems culullus, aspergillum, axe, and apex.
49-48 BC.
Wonderful datails and patina.
A famous coin of Caesar.
5 commentsbyzancia
den001_quad_sm.jpg
L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP [VIIII?] / P M TR P V COS II P P / Septimius Severus Fortuna denarius (197 AD) 18 viewsL SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP [VIIII?], laureate head right / P M TR P V COS II P P, Fortuna standing left, holding rudder on globe in right hand, cornucopiae in left.

AR (post 196 mint, so probably 54% purity), 17 mm, 3.48g, die axis 12h.

Both small flan and image style (bust, wreath, shape of the rudder etc.) point towards the mint of Rome rather than the Eastern one. A bit heavier than expected (the standard supposed to be 3.41g), but WildWinds reports a 3.63g denarius of this type. Unfortunately it is impossible to read the number after IMP (it can be either VIIII or X for TR P V), but based on the spacing and, perhaps, a hint of V I think it is VIIII. So this must be RIC IV 104, BMCRE 229, RSC 442 type. Two other, less probable ID possibilities: RIC 115A (Rome, IMP X) and RIC 493 (Eastern mint, Laodicea ad Mare(?) IMP VIIII).

Lucius SEPTimius SEVeverus PERTinax AVGustus IMPerator (in this case not just an imperial title, but a military one, "invested with the Nth imperial acclaim", a victorious general, the number refers to important victories when the title was renewed); Pontifex Maximus (the high priest, starting with Augustus the emperor was always the head of state religion) TRibunitia Potestas (Tribunal power, the function of the tribune of the people, originally an important republican official, was "hijacked" by Augustus when he was building the imperial structure of power and subsequently became another emperor's title, renewed every year and thus very useful for dating coins) V (5th year means 193+4=197, give or take the actual date of renewing the title), COnSul (under the Empire, the office of Consul remained of some importance and was held by the Emperor with some frequency) II (during or after the consulship of 194 and before next one in 202), Pater Patriae (Father of his Country, the title was held by most Augusti but was usually not assumed at the very beginning of the reign). Denarius was the staple of Roman monetary system from 211 BC to mid 3d century AD.

SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS, *11 Apr 145 in Leptis Magna (Khoms, Libya) † 4 Feb 211 (aged 65) Eboracum (York, England) ‡ 14 April 193 – 4 February 211

Septimius Severus was born in the Roman province of Africa. He came from a wealthy and distinguished family of equestrian rank, had Roman ancestry on his mother's side (gens Fulvia was one of the most famous plebeian clans in Rome) and descended from Punic, and perhaps also Libyan, forebears on his father's side. Several members of his family held important imperial offices (although, strangely, not his father who seemed to have no career to speak about). He was trilingual, speaking Punic, Latin and Greek, and got some classical education, but probably less than he wanted to. At 17 he was helped by his influential relatives to relocate to Rome, to be presented to the Emperor Marcus Aurelius, and start his political career. With some difficulty he started to advance through the cursus honorum, holding a variety of offices. His career was helped by the Antonine Plague of 166, Septimius avoided it by returning to Leptis Magna for a while, and when he was back in Rome he found his competition conveniently thinned out. Despite him going through an impressive number of offices in a very short time there is very little record of his actual accomplishments in 170s and 180s.

In 191 Severus was appointed governor of Pannonia Superior (one of the provinces on Danube frontier) by Emperor Commodus (on advice from one of Septimius' friends). When the hell was unleashed by the assassination of Commodus on 31 December 192 and 193, , the infamous Year of the Five Emperors started, as a general in charge of significant army Severus was able to fight for the highest office. While he moved on Rome, Pertinax, the first Emperor of 193, was killed by the Praetorian Guard, and the next one, Didius Julianus, who famously bought the emperorship at an auction, was condemned by the Senate and executed, so Septimius entered Rome virtually unopposed. He then wisely appeased the powerful governor of Britannia, Clodius Albinus, who was also proclaimed the Emperor, by offering him the title of Caesar, which implied some degree of co-ruling and a chance to succession (Albinus did not give up that easy, reasserting his claim in three years, but then he was easily dealt with at the Battle of Lugdunum in Gaul). Afterwards he had to fight off the final pretender, Pescennius Niger, the former governor of Syria, who was proclaimed the Emperor by the eastern legions. Losing no time, Severus sent a considerable vanguard force to the East and, later, joined in with additional armies. In a series of battles in 193-195 Niger and his supporters were defeated. The last to surrender was Byzantium, which held even after the head of Niger was sent there. It is interesting to note that during this campaign Septimius visited the tomb of his famous fellow countryman, Hannibal Barca in Libyssa (Gebze, Turkey) and ordered to cover it with fine marble. Severus also took an opportunity to wage a short punitive campaign beyond the eastern frontier, annexing the Kingdom of Osroene as a new province.

After consolidating his rule over the western provinces, Severus waged another brief, more successful war in the east against the Parthian Empire, sacking their capital Ctesiphon in 197 and expanding the eastern frontier to the Tigris. He then enlarged and fortified the Limes Arabicus in Arabia Petraea. In 202 he campaigned in Africa and Mauretania against the Garamantes; capturing their capital Garama and expanding the Limes Tripolitanus along the southern desert frontier of the empire. In 208 he travelled to Britain, strengthening Hadrian's Wall and reoccupying the Antonine Wall. In the same year he invaded Caledonia (modern Scotland), but his ambitions were cut short when he fell fatally ill in late 210, dying in early 211 at Eboracum (York, England), and was succeeded by his sons Caracalla and Geta, thus founding the Severan dynasty. It was the last dynasty of the Roman empire before the Crisis of the Third Century.

In the context of this coin it is interesting to note, that, due to huge military expenses, upon his accession Severus decreased the silver purity of the denarius from 81.5% to 78.5%, although the silver weight actually increased, rising from 2.40 grams to 2.46 grams. Nevertheless, the following year he debased the denarius again because of rising military expenditures. The silver purity decreased from 78.5% to 64.5% – the silver weight dropping from 2.46 grams to 1.98 grams. In 196 he reduced the purity and silver weight of the denarius again, to 54% and 1.82 grams respectively [corresponds to this issue]. Severus' currency debasement was the largest since the reign of Nero.
Yurii P
KALA1539.jpg
Macrinus26 viewsROMAN EMPIRE. Macrinus (AD 217-218). Silver denarius (3.12 gm). Apr.-Dec. 217. IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate, cuirassed bust right / PONTIF MAX TR P COS P P, nude Jupiter standing half-left, holding thunderbolt and grounded scepter. RIC 15 (S). RCV 7342.2 commentsTLP
91591q00.jpg
Macrinus (217 - 218 A.D.)18 viewsAR Denarius
O: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from front, younger features with medium beard.
R:PONTIF MAX TR P COS P P, Jupiter standing half left, nude, no cloak, thunderbolt in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand.
2.73g
20mm
Rome Mint, Sep 217 A.D
RIC IV 15 (S), RSC III 55b, BMCRE V 31, SRCV II 7342, Hunter III 

Maxwell Hunt Collection
6 commentsMat
00721.jpg
Macrinus (RIC 156, #721)15 viewsMacrinus RIC 156 (Scarce), AE AS, Rome, 217 AD.
OBV: IMP CAES M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG; Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
REV: PONTIF MAX TR P II COS II P P S C; Felicitas standing left, holding long caduceus and cornucopiae.
SIZE: 24.4mm, 9.38g
MaynardGee
Macrinus_3.jpg
Macrinus AR Denarius RIC 24, Securitas48 viewsOBV: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate & cuirassed bust with short beard right
REV: PONTIF MAX TR P COS P P, Securitas standing left, holding scepter & leaning on column


Minted at Rome, 217 AD
Legatus
Macrinus2.jpg
Macrinus RIC IV 3228 viewsObv: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev: PONTIF MAX TR P II COS P P, Felicitas standing left holding long caduceus and cornucopia
Size: 20mm, 3.26gm
Id: RIC IV 32, RSC III 82, Sear 5 7351
Mint: Rome
ickster
Marcus Aurelius- Salus.jpg
Marcus Aurelius- Salus57 viewsMarcus Aurelius, 7 marts 161- 17 marts 180 A.D.

Obverse:
Marcus Aurelius with radiate head right.

IMP CAES M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG P M

IMP: Imperator, general
CAES: Caesar
M: Marcus
AVREL: Aurelius
ANTONINVS: Antoninus
AVG: Augustus, emperor
P M: Pontifix Maximus, high priest.

Reverse:
SALVTI AVGVSTOR TR P XVII S-C, COS III below the buste.

SALVTI: Salus
AVGVSTOR: Augustus, emperor
TR P: Tribunicia Potestate. The tribunician power, the emperor as civil head of the state.
XVII: 17
S-C: Senatus Consultum, by the decret of the senate.
COS III: Consul for the third time. One of the two chief magistrates of the Roman state, and often the emperor was one.

Salus standing left offering a patera to snake arising from altar, and holding sceptre

Comment: The reverse is Salus. If it was a male, the garment would not go all the way to the ground.


Domination: Orichalcum Dupondius, size 23 mm

Mint: Rome. The coin has been struck 162/163 AD. Cohen 568. RIC 846
John Schou
Marcus_Lepidus.jpg
Marcus Lepidus Imperator129 viewsLaureate head of Roma (?) right

M LEPIDVS
Below equestrian statue of M. Aemelius Lepidus (consul 187 and 175 BC) right, carrying trophy

Rome, 61 BC

3.79g

Rare!

Sear 371, RPC 419/1, CRR 827-828b

Freed from a NGC Holder, graded strike 4/5; surface 4/5.

Marcus Lepidus strikes this coin early in his career as moneyer. After Julius Caesar's assassination he became Pontifex Maximus and formed the Second Triumvirate with Antony and Octavian. He would keep his post as Pontifex Maximus until his death. The office then became the sole procession of the Emperors.
7 commentsJay GT4
MilitaryDiploma.jpg
Military Diploma fragment issued by Severus Alexander149 viewsDated by line 3 to 229-230, 233-235: COS III, preceded by II, the last two digits of the TRIB POT number. He became COS III in 229, and remained this until his death in 235, so the possible years are 229 (TRIB POT VIII), 230 (VIIII), 233 (XII), 234 (XIII) and 235 (XIIII). (78x54 mm)

... M]AGNI II FIL
“Son of Magnus Pius”
... ALEXAN]DER PIVS FELIX AVG
“Alexander Pius Felix Augustus”
... TRIB POT?]II COS III P P
“In the ? year of Tribunician and Conul power, Pater Patriae”
... MI]LITAVERVNT IN
“Who served in”
... SE]VERIANIS DECEM
“Ten Severan”
... ] PIIS VINDICIBVS
“Loyal and Avenging”
... MILI]TIA FVNCTI SVNT
“Performed their military function”
... ] CVM SINGV
“With one”
?LIS ... ETIA]M SI PEREGRI
“Even if foreign”
NI IVRIS ... ] ...

"The underlined portions being the words that are visible on the fragment:

'The Emperor Caesar, son of the deified Antoninus Pius the Great [i.e. 'Caracalla'], grandson of Severus Pius [i.e. Septimius Severus], Marcus Aurellius [thus usually written] Severus Alexander Pius Felix ['happy'] Augustus, Pontifex Maximus, in the [...]IIth year of his Tribunician Power, Consul three times [i.e. 229 or later: see above], Father of his Country. The names of the soldiers who have served in the ten Severan Praetorian Cohorts (numbered) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, Pius Vindex ['dutiful, avenging'], who have dutifully and bravely completed their service, (to them) I have granted the right of Roman marriage, provided it is with one woman only and she their first wife, so that even if they marry women of non-Roman status ...'" - Great thanks to the Classics Faculty in Oxford.

After serving twenty-five years in the Roman auxiliary units, a soldier was granted Roman citizenship as well as the legalization of his existing or future marriage. This was of relevance for his children who thus became Roman citizens and his full legal heirs under Roman law. His wife was not granted Roman citizenship. A diploma, copied from an original posted in Rome , served as evidence of these civic rights and no doubt was preserved as an important legal document by its recipient and his descendants.

Why have so few diplomas survived to the present? Is it possible that veterans received copies in wood, papyrus or bronze depending on what the could afford? Or perhaps only a select few received the small bronze copies of the public imperial constitutions? Whichever the case, far more questions surround these pieces than answers!

The old Praetorian Guard was disbanded by Septimius Severus after he seized Rome in 193 A.D., and was replaced by a new Guard of ten cohorts, each 1000-men strong, drawn from the Danubian legions which had supported his usurpation. It continued to be largely recruited from this source, with many Guardsmen being of Thracian origin, until it was finally disbanded by Constantine in 312 A.D.
4 commentsNemonater
Nero.jpg
Nero36 viewsObv.: NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS , bare head right, a globe at the point of truncation.Rev.: PONTIF MAX - [TR POT IM]P P P / S - C , Nero, as Apollo Citharoedus, advancing r. in flying robes, playing lyre.RIC I, p. 176, # 417 ; WCN 547.mestreaudi
coin~1.JPG
Nero - Semis - RIC 55113 viewsObv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG, bare head left, globe at point of bust
Rev: PONTIF MAX TR POT P P, Roma seated left on cuirass, shields behind, wreath extended in right, left resting on parazonium, S C in ex
Size: 20 mm
Weight: 5,28 g
Mint: Lugdunum
Ref: RIC I 551, BMC 403
Rarity: S
vs1969
neronpontifmax.JPG
Nero Aureus147 viewsObseve: NERO CAESAR AVG IMP.
Reverse: PONTIF. MAX. TR.P. VII COS IIII. P.P. In the field: EX. - S.C.
Weight: 7,7 gr.
Calicó: 429. E1.
3 commentsCorduba
Neron_denarius.jpg
Nero Denarius17 viewsAR Denarius - Nero - 55-60 AD
Obv: NERO CAESAR AVG IMP ; bare hd. r.
Rev: PONTIF MAX TR P II PP; legend around an oak wreath; which encloses EX E C across the field.

C.119
Tanit
132b.jpg
Nero Denarius - Ceres (RIC 24)50 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 60-61 AD

Obv: Bare bust of Nero Caesar (L)
NERO CAESAR AVG IMP

Rev: CERES standing left
holding corn ears & torch.

PONTIF MAX TR P VII COS IIII
EX-SC in exergue

RIC 24 RSC 218

Kunker Auction 245, Lot 7461
3 commentsKained but Able
Nero_Semis_Roma_2.jpg
Nero Lugdunum Semis Roma41 viewsObv.
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONT
Bare head right

Rev.
PONTIF MAX TR POT P P SC
Roma seated left on a cuirass, holding wreath & parazonium
ancientdave
NeroEXSC.jpg
Nero Pre-Reform Denarius123 viewsNERO CAESAR AVG IMP
Bare head of Nero right

TR P III P P PONTIF MAX EX SC
Legend around oak-wreath enclosing "EX. S C.

Lugdunum, 60-61 AD

3.71g

Sear 1936, RIC 22, BMCRE 24, RSC 216

Rare!

Ex-Alberta Coins

Some encrustations remain
4 commentsJay GT4
nero_ric_28.jpg
Nero RIC 003441 viewsNero. As Caesar, A.D. 50-54. AR denarius
(18.40 mm, 3.37 g, 7 h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint.
Obv: NERO CAESAR AVG IMP, bare head right
Rev: PONTIF MAX TR P VII COS IIII P P, EX S C across field, Roma standing right, holding and inscribing shield supported on knee, foot on helmet; dagger and bow at feet to right. RIC 34 (R3); RSC 231. aVF, toned. Rare.
From the D. Thomas Collection;
Ex Hohn Leipziger Munzhandlung.





Nero Denarius 54-68 CE
August 28, 2017
I knew when I started building my 12 Caesars collection that I would eventually want a pre-reform denarius of Nero. The problem is that these are quite scarce in any condition. Also, there is much competition for them the they do appear for sale. Denarii like this one were minted before Nero decided to debase the silver coinage. Pre-reform denarii like this one are at near 100% fineness. This dropped considerably after the debasement. The earlier denarii are also heavier than the post reform coinage.One reason Nero debased the coins was to make up for a shortfall in available cash because of the massive spending he committed to building projects.

This is not a perfect coin, but I like several things about it. First, I like the younger more slender portrait. Contrast this with the "Fat tyrant" portrait later Nero denarii. I also like that the legends are intact. True, they are worn, but they are still readable.
2 commentsorfew
Nero_RIC_I_454_SPQR_CM.jpg
Nero RIC I 454 SPQR Countermark36 viewsNero. AD 54-68. AE As. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. c. AD 65. (10.47g, 28.9m, 6h). Obv: NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG [GER P M TR P] IMP P P Bare head right, globe at point of bust, SPQR Countermark on neck. Rev: PONTIF MAX [TR POT IMP P P], S C, Nero, as Apollo Apollo Citharoedus walking right, carrying lyre. RIC I 454.

Another coin obtained, not for the coin itself, but rather for the countermark. The SPQR countermark used primarily on coins of Nero minted in Lugdunum, these are thought to relate to the uprising of Vindex. Because of its connection with the uprising resulting in the end of Nero, I though it might have a place in my collection.
Lucas H
nerose07-2.jpg
Nero, RIC 509, Sestertius of AD 66 (Decursion, scan)66 viewsÆ sestertius (24.7g, Ø36mm, 7h), Lugdunum mint, struck AD 66.
Obv.: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONTIF MAX TRIB POT P P, laureate head of Nero facing right, globe below bust.
Rev.: DECVRSIO (in ex.) S C (left and right in field), Nero on horseback riding right, holding spear; behind mounted soldier riding right with vexillum.
RIC 509 (S); BMC 318; Sear (RCV 2K) 1957var.

The reverse legend DECVRSIO derives from DECVRRO (=run downwards, charge), a word applied to military or equestrian manoeuvres. On this type, it refers Nero leading a formal cavalry parade in the Circus Maximus.
3 commentsCharles S
nerose07-3.jpg
Nero, RIC 509, Sestertius of AD 66 (Decursio)76 viewsÆ sestertius (24.7g, Ø36mm, 7h), Lugdunum mint, struck AD 66.
Obv.: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONTIF MAX TRIB POT P P, laureate head of Nero facing right, globe below bust.
Rev.: DECVRSIO (in ex.) S C (in field), Nero on horseback riding right, holding spear; behind mounted soldier riding right with vexillum.
RIC 509 (S); BMCRE 318; Sear (Roman Coins & their Values I) 1957var.
ex D.Ruskin (Oxon, UK, 1994)

The reverse legend DECVRSIO derives from DECVRRO (=run downwards, charge), a word applied to military or equestrian manoeuvres. On this type, it refers Nero leading a formal cavalry parade in the Circus Maximus.
Charles S
Lg008_quad_sm.jpg
Nerva Aequitas Ӕ As (c. 97 A.D.)8 viewsIMP NERVA CAES [AVG P M TR P ? COS ? P P], laureate head right / AEQVITAS AVGVST + S - C across fields, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae

Ӕ, oval 25+ to 28mm, 10.23g, die axis 7.5h, base metal seems yellow, orichalcum? Can it be a dupontius?

Mint: Rome. Regnal period is end 96 – Jan 98 AD, so 97 is the most probable minting year.

End of the obverse legend is missing, so TR P and COS numbers are unknown. Thus three types are possible:

TR P COS II --> RIC II 51, Sear 3060 var
TR P COS III --> RIC II 77, Cohen 7, BMC 127, Sear 3060
TR P II COS III --> RIC II 94, Cohen 10

IMPerator NERVA CAESar AVGustus Pontifex Maximus (the high priest, starting with Augustus the emperor was always the head of state religion) TRibunitia Potestas (Tribunal power, the function of the tribune of the people, originally an important republican official, was "hijacked" by Augustus when he was building the imperial structure of power and subsequently became another emperor's title, renewed every year and thus very useful for dating coins, no number means first year of reign, II second), COnSul (under the Empire, the office of Consul remained of some importance and was held by the Emperor with some frequency) II or III (Nerva started his 3d consulship in 97, so II would mean minting year of 96, he also became a consul for 98, but since he died in January, COS IIII is very rare), Pater Patriae (Father of his Country, the title was held by most Augusti but usually not at the very beginning of the reign, in this case it was probably assumed immediately because of Nerva's old age). Aequitas = justice, equality, conformity, symmetry. Nemesis was originally understood as honest distributor of fortune, neither bad nor good, but in due proportion. Later it gained aspects of justice and divine retribution, but in Nemesis-Aequitas her qualities of honest dealing is emphasized. Aequitas Augusti symbolizes honesty, equality and justice of the emperor towards his subjects. The scales here mean honest measure rather than justice, and the cornucopia is self explanatory. SC = [Ex] Senatus Consulto (Senatus is genitive, Consulto is ablative of Consultum) = by decree of the Senate, i. e. the authority of the Senate approved minting of this coin (necessary to justify issue of copper alloy coins for which the intrinsic value was not obvious). As or assarius – the basic Roman bronze coin, reintroduced and firmly established for centuries by Augustus (often minted of pure red copper).

On the obverse to the right of the neck there is a mysterious symbol (looks like a special field mint mark in LRB, but these were not used before 4th century I think), which is too far in to be a distorted letter of the legend.

NERVA, *8 Nov 30 (or 35) AD (Narni, central Italy) † 27 Jan 98 AD (aged 67 or 62) Gardens of Sallust, Rome ‡ 18 Sep 96 – 27 Jan 98 (effectively abdicated in autumn 97 naming Trajan as his successor)

Marcus Cocceius Nerva was born in the village of Narni, 50 kilometers north of Rome. Ancient sources report the date as either 30 or 35. He had at least one attested sister, named Cocceia, who married Lucius Salvius Titianus Otho, the brother of the earlier Emperor Otho. Like Vespasian, the founder of the Flavian dynasty, Nerva was a member of the Italian nobility rather than one of the elite of Rome. Nevertheless, the Cocceii were among the most esteemed and prominent political families of the late Republic and early Empire, attaining consulships in each successive generation. The direct ancestors of Nerva on his father's side, all named Marcus Cocceius Nerva, were associated with imperial circles from the time of Augustus.

Not much of Nerva's early life or career is recorded, but it appears he did not pursue the usual administrative or military career. He was praetor-elect in the year 65 and, like his ancestors, moved in imperial circles as a skilled diplomat and strategist. He received many high honors during the reign of Nero and Flavians, including two ordinary (!) consulships of 71 and 90, usually for services that remained unclear, so probably of highly delicate and clandestine nature, e. g. he played a prominent role of uncovering at least two major conspiracies against the ruling emperors. During 69, the transitional Year of the Four Emperors he was nowhere to be seen, but then emerged on the winning Flavian side, which was quite a feat for a former Neronian loyalist and a relative of one of the defeated emperors, Otho. It is also known that Nerva had excellent literary abilities praised by his contemporaries.

On 18 September, 96, Domitian was assassinated in a palace conspiracy organised by court officials. The same day the Senate proclaimed Nerva emperor in somewhat obscure circumstances. Modern historians believe Nerva was proclaimed Emperor solely on the initiative of the Senate, within hours after the news of the assassination broke, to avoid the inevitable civil unrest, and neither him nor the Senate had anything to do with the conspiracy. The change of government was welcome particularly to the senators, who had been harshly persecuted during Domitian's reign. As an immediate gesture of goodwill towards his supporters, Nerva publicly swore that no senators would be put to death as long as he remained in office. He called an end to trials based on treason, released those who had been imprisoned under these charges, and granted amnesty to many who had been exiled. All properties which had been confiscated by Domitian were returned to their respective families. Nerva also sought to involve the Senate in his government, but this was not entirely successful.

Nerva had to introduce a number of measures to gain support among the Roman populace. As was the custom by this time, a change of emperor was to bring with it a generous payment of gifts and money to the people and the army. This was followed by a string of economic reforms intended to alleviate the burden of taxation from the most needy Romans. Furthermore, numerous taxes were remitted and privileges granted to Roman provinces. Before long, Nerva's expenses strained the economy of Rome and necessitated the formation of a special commission of economy to drastically reduce expenditures. The most superfluous religious sacrifices, games and horse races were abolished, while new income was generated from Domitian's former possessions. Because he reigned only briefly, Nerva's public works were few, instead completing projects which had been initiated under Flavian rule. This included extensive repairs to the Roman road system and the expansion of the aqueducts. The only major landmarks constructed under Nerva were a granary, known as the Horrea Nervae, and a small Imperial Forum begun by Domitian, which linked the Forum of Augustus to the Temple of Peace.

Despite Nerva's measures to remain popular with the Senate and the Roman people, support for Domitian remained strong in the army, which led to problems. Upon his accession, he had ordered a halt to treason trials, but at the same time allowed the prosecution of informers by the Senate to continue. This measure led to chaos, as everyone acted in his own interests while trying to settle scores with personal enemies.

The situation was further aggravated by the absence of a clear successor, made more pressing because of Nerva's old age and sickness. In October 97 these tensions came to a head when the Praetorian Guard laid siege to the Imperial Palace and took Nerva hostage. He was forced to submit to their demands, agreeing to hand over those responsible for Domitian's death. Nerva was unharmed in this assault, but his authority was damaged beyond repair. He realized that his position was no longer tenable without the support of an heir who had the approval of both the army and the people. Shortly thereafter, he announced the adoption of Trajan as his successor, and with this decision all but abdicated.

On 1 January, 98, at the start of his fourth consulship, Nerva suffered a stroke during a private audience. Shortly thereafter he was struck by a fever and died. His largest legacies were avoiding the civil war after the fall of Flavians and establishing a new dynasty that ruled almost until the end of the 2nd century and achieved "the golden age" of the Roman empire.
Yurii P
nerva_24.jpg
Nerva RIC II, 2457 viewsNerva 96 - 98
AR - Denar, 3.08g, 17mm
Rome Jan. - Sep. 97
obv. IMP NERVA CAES - AVG PM TR POT
laureate head r.
rev. COS III PATER PATRIAE
priestly implement
RIC II, 24; C.48
about EF, mint luster

Priestly implement (from l.):
1 SIMPULUM, a small ladle made of earthenware for sprinkling holy water,
symbol of the Pontifices
2 ASPERGILLUM, word of the Christian church to describe a whisk
3 GUTTUS, a narrow-necked jug, container for liquids used in religious
ceremonies, Etruscian origin
4 LITUUS, a short curved staff, hooked at the end, used by the Augures
to mark out holy areas, Etruscian origin(?)
Jochen
Nerva_RIC_23.JPG
Nerva, 96 - 98 AD27 viewsObv: IMP NERVA CAES AVG PM TR POT, laureate head of Nerva facing right.

Rev: COS III PP, Emblems of the augurate and pontificate; simpulum, sprinkler, jug and lituus.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, January - September 97 AD

3.6 grams, 18 mm, 180°

RIC II 23, RSC 52, S3024, VM 7
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Nerva.jpg
Nerva, RIC 9, 96 AD, Rome, Italy11 viewsHead of Nerva, laureate, right. Salus, draped, seated left on throne, holding two corn-ears in extended right hand, left arm resting on side of throne.

IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TRP COS II PP
SALVS PVBLICA
The Revered Emperor Nerva Caesar Imperator Pontifex Maximus Father of the Country Tribune of the People Consul for the 2nd time Father of the Country.
Health of the public.
Jonathan N
PivsIX.jpg
Pivs IX, 1 Lira 186646 viewsObv.: Bust left. Around: PIVS. IX. PON. MAX. AN. XXI. Below, a rosette
Rev.: In the field, 1 LIRA 1866 in three lines within branches of laurel and oak. Around: * STATO * PONTIFICIO *. Below, R.
24 mm; 5 gr; small bust
Sergius Silus
Pontmax_II,Cldc,__Pax_seated,_branch_and_sceptre.jpg
Pontif II Pax seated Cldc duplicate33 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRP_IICOSPP, SC in exergue
Pax draped, seated left on throne, holding branch up in right hand and transverse sceptre pointed up right in left
BMC 106-8, RIC 402
Weight, 25.44g; die axis, 12h.
mix_val
Dup_Pontifmax.jpg
Pontif II Cldc securitas seated45 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust radiate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRPIICOSPP, SC in exergue
Securitas draped, seated left on throne, holding vertical sceptre in right hand and resting head on left hand, left arm resting on top of throne, elbow bent; in front left, lighted and garlanded altar
BMC 125, pl. 5 (same rev. die), RIC 408
Weight, 11.91g; die axis, 12h.
1 commentsmix_val
Pontif_II_Cldc_pax_seated_branch_and_sceptre.jpg
Pontif II Pax seated Cldc39 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRPIICOSPP, SC in exergue
Pax draped, seated left on throne, holding branch up in right hand and transverse sceptre pointed up right in left
BMC 106-8, pl. 4 (same obv. die?), RIC 402
Weight, 19.455g; die axis, 12h.
1 commentsmix_val
Pontif_providentia_leaning_globe.jpg
Pontif II Providentia leaning Cld44 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRP_IICOSPP, SC in exergue
Providentia draped, standing front, head left, legs crossed, leaning on column, holding in right hand wand over globe at feet left and in left hand cornucopiae
BMC 111-2, RIC 404
Weight, 24.47g; die axis, 12h.
1 commentsmix_val
Pontif_providentia_leaning_globe_depantina.jpg
Pontif II Providentia leaning Cldc dup36 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRPIICOSPP, SC in exergue
Providentia draped, standing front, head left, legs crossed, leaning on column, holding in right hand wand over globe at feet left and in left hand cornucopiae
BMC 111-2, RIC 404
Weight, 19.56g; die axis, 12h.
Depatinated
1 commentsmix_val
Pontifmax_II_Cldc.jpg
Pontif II Secvritas seated Cldc 80 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRPIICOSPP, SC in exergue
Securitas draped, seated left on throne, holding vertical sceptre in right hand and resting head on left hand, left arm resting on top of throne, elbow bent; in front left, lighted and garlanded altar
BMC 123-4, RIC 407
Weight, 20.29g; die axis, 12h.
3 commentsmix_val
Pontif_II_Cldc_securitas_seated.jpg
Pontif II Secvritas seated Cldc dup33 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRPIICOSPP, SC in exergue
Securitas draped, seated left on throne, holding vertical sceptre in right hand and resting head on left hand, left arm resting on top of throne, elbow bent; in front left, lighted and garlanded altar
BMC 123-4, RIC 407
Weight, 24.96g; die axis, 12h.
1 commentsmix_val
Pontif_max_III_Cld.jpg
Pontif III emperor globe and spear Cld39 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRP_IIICOSPP, SC in exergue
Severus Alexander, laureate, in military dress, cloak behind back, standing front, head left, holding globe in extended right hand and vertical spear left.
BMC 184-5, pl. 7 (same rev. die), RIC 419
Weight, 19.25g; die axis, 12h.
1 commentsmix_val
Pontif_III_Cldc_globe_and_spear.jpg
Pontif III emperor globe and spear Cldc 46 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRPIIICOSPP, SC in exergue
Severus Alexander, laureate, in military dress, cloak behind back, standing front, head left, holding globe in extended right hand and vertical spear left.
BMC 184 note (C. 475, Paris), RIC 419
Weight, 24.69g; die axis, 12h.
1 commentsmix_val
Pontif_III_providentia_leaning_Cld.jpg
Pontif III providentia leaning Cld33 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRPIIICOSPP, SC in exergue
Providentia draped, standing front, head left, legs crossed, leaning on column, holding in right hand wand over globe at feet left and in left hand cornucopiae
BMC 171-2, RIC 414
Weight, 22.33g; die axis, 12h.
1 commentsmix_val
Pontif_IIII_emperor_globe_and_spear_Cldc.jpg
Pontif IIII emperor globe and spear Cldc 36 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRPIIIICOSPP, SC in exergue
Severus Alexander, laureate, in military dress, cloak behind back, standing front, head left, holding globe in extended right hand and vertical spear left.
BMC 255, RIC 439
Weight, 21.34g; die axis, 12h.
1 commentsmix_val
PontMax_IIII_red.jpg
Pontif IIII emperor globe and spear Cld 40 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRP_IIIICOSPP, SC in exergue
Severus Alexander, laureate, in military dress, cloak behind back, standing front, head left, holding globe in extended right hand and vertical spear left.
BMC 255 (cuirassed, RIC 439
Weight, 23.452g; die axis, 12h.
Unlisted bust variant
mix_val
Pontif_max_II_Cld.jpg
Pontif Max II Pax seated left, Cld 44 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRP_IICOSPP, SC in exergue
Pax draped, seated left on throne, holding branch up in right hand and transverse sceptre pointed up right in left
BMC 109, RIC 403
Weight, 12.63g; die axis, 12h.
1 commentsmix_val
Dup_pontif_max__II_pax_seated.jpg
Pontif Max II Pax seated left, Cld40 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRPIICOSPP, SC in exergue
Pax draped, seated left on throne, holding branch up in right hand and transverse sceptre pointed up right in left
Unlisted in BMC and RIC
Weight, 8.67g; die axis, 12h
mix_val
As_pont_max_III_salus.jpg
Pontif Max III Pax Cld29 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right and draped
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRPIIICOSPP, SC in exergue
Pax draped, seated left on throne, holding branch up in right hand and transverse sceptre pointed up right in left
unlisted in BMC and RIC
Weight, 11.42g; die axis, 12h.

Maybe BMC 109 if sceptre extends between PONTIFMAXTRP and IICOSPP


mix_val
Dup__red.jpg
Pontif Max III Providentia, wand and globe22 viewsObverse: IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG
Bust radiate, right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: PONTIF MAX TRP III COS P P, SC low in field
Providentia draped, standing front, head left, legs crossed, leaning on column, holding in right hand wand over globe at feet left and in left hand cornucopiae
BMC 173*, RIC 415
Weight, 22.11g; die axis, 12h.
1 commentsmix_val
Pontif_max_III_alex_globe_and_spear_Cld.jpg
Pontif Max III, alex globe and spear, Cld26 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEV_ALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRP_IIICOSPP, SC in exergue
Severus Alexander, laureate, in military dress, cloak behind back, standing front, head left, holding globe in extended right hand and vertical spear left.
BMC 187, RIC 421
Weight, 7.20g; die axis, 12h.
1 commentsmix_val
Pontif_max_III_providentia_globe_and_cornuc.jpg
Pontif Max III, Providentia wand, globe and cornucopia Cld41 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRP_IIICOSPP, SC in exergue
Providentia draped, standing front, head left, legs crossed, leaning on column, holding in right hand wand over globe at feet left and in left hand cornucopiae
BMC 174, RIC 416
Weight, 9.79g; die axis, 6h.
1 commentsmix_val
As_Cldc_Pont_Max_III_globe_and_wand.jpg
Pontif Max III, Providentia wand, globe and cornucopia Cldc14 viewsObverse: IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG
Bust laureate right, draped
Reverse: PONTIF MAX TR P_III COS PP, SC in exergue
Providentia draped, standing front, head left, legs crossed, leaning on column, holding in right hand wand over globe at feet left and in left hand cornucopiae
BMC 174 draped, RIC 416
Weight, 11.31g; die axis, 6h.
Reverse appears to me as a die match to my Cld specimen
mix_val
dup_pont_max_II_globe.jpg
Pontifmax III Cld globe and spear64 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust radiate right, draped
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRP_(III)COSPP, SC in exergue
Severus Alexander, laureate, in military dress, cloak behind back, standing front, head left, holding globe in extended right hand and vertical spear left.
BM 186*, Rome and Cohen 146 (Asselin Coll.). Date probably TR P III, this type doesn't occur with TR P II. RIC 420
Weight, 8.11g; die axis, 6h.
1 commentsmix_val
IVi-107.jpg
PROFECTIO - Caracalla50 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 208 (3.52gm)
RIC IVi.107, RCV.6874 (S)
Ox: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
O: Laureate head right.
Rx: PROF (in ex) PONTIF TR P XI COS III
R: Caracalla on horseback pacing right, holding spear.
Commemorates Caracalla's departure from Rome along with his father Septimius Severus and brother Geta on their British expedition.

ex. Harlan Berk
Paul DiMarzio
IVi-108.jpg
PROFECTIO - Caracalla55 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 208 (3.58gm)
RIC IVi.108, RCV.6874v (S)
Ox: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
O: Laureate head right.
Rx: PROF (in ex) PONTIF TR P XI COS III
R: Caracalla on horseback pacing right, holding spear, enemy right before horse.
Commemorates Caracalla's departure from Rome along with his father Septimius Severus and brother Geta on their British expedition.

ex. Harlan Berk
Paul DiMarzio
GetaAug.jpg
Publius Septimius Geta as Augustus50 viewsGeta. AD 209-211. AR Denarius, 19mm, 3.26 g. Rome mint. Struck AD 210.
O: Laureate head right. IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG.
R: Felicitas standing facing, head left, holding cornucopia and caduceus. PONTIF TRP II COS II.
RIC IV 69a; RSC 137.
1 commentsNemonater
428,3_Q__Cassius.jpg
Q. Cassius Longinus - AR denarius22 viewsRome
¹²55 BC
head of young Jupiter (or Bonus Eventus or Genius Populi Romani)* right, scepter behind
eagle on thunderbolt right, lituus on left and jug on right
Q·CASSIVS
¹Crawford 428/3, SRCV I 391, Sydenham 916, BMCRR 3868, RSC I Cassia 7
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
4,03g
ex Aurea

* The sceptrum, fulmen and aquila point to this being the bust of a young Jupiter, for whom such insignia are normally reserved. The priestly implements on the reverse likely allude to an ancestor who belonged to the college of pontiffs, and if we take the symbolism of this coin to be in reference to Jupiter, then it is probable that this coin is in reference to a family member who was once Flamen Dialis, (high priest of Jupiter), a position of great importance and privilege in Rome that entitled the holder of that office to many honours, including the right to a lictor, the toga praetexta, the sella curulis, and to a seat in the Senate. (ROMA NUMISMATICS historical articles)

Q. Cassius Longinus was brother or cousin of C. Cassius Longinus (Caesar's murderer). He served as a quaestor of Pompey in Hispania Ulterior in 54 BC. In 49 BC, as tribune of the people, he strongly supported the cause of Caesar, by whom he was made governor of Hispania Ulterior. He treated the provincials with great cruelty, and his appointment (48 BC) to take the field against Juba I of Numidia gave him an excuse for fresh oppression. The result was an unsuccessful insurrection at Corduba. Cassius punished the leaders with merciless severity, and made the lot of the provincials harder than ever. At last some of his troops revolted under the quaestor Marcellus, who was proclaimed governor of the province. Cassius was surrounded by Marcellus in Ulia. Bogud, king of Mauretania, and Marcus Lepidus, proconsul of Hispania Citerior, to whom Cassius had applied for assistance, negotiated an arrangement with Marcellus whereby Cassius was to be allowed to go free with the legions that remained loyal to him. Cassius sent his troops into winter quarters, hastened on board ship at Malaca with his ill-gotten gains, but was wrecked in a storm at the mouth of the Iberus (Ebro). His tyrannical government of Hispania greatly injured the cause of Caesar. (wikipedia)
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
0110.jpg
Q. Fufius Calenus and P. Mucius Cordus, Denarius 17 viewsQ. Fufius Calenus and P. Mucius Cordus, Denarius

RRC 403/1
70 bc

Av: Jugate heads of Honos and Virtus r.; on l., HO; on r., VIRT; below, KALENI
Rv: Roma and Italia clasping hands; between, cornucopiae; on l., winged caduceus and ITAL; on r., RO; in ex. CORDI.

Joined issue of the later consul of 47 and possibly P. Mucius Scaevola, Pontifex from 69

Ex Bertolami Fine arts, Auction 24, Numismatics, London, 23.06.2016, #483
Norbert
Screen_Shot_2019-10-07_at_11_23_40_AM.jpg
RIC 002130 viewsDomitian AR Denarius, 81 CE (Group 3)
3.24g
Rome mint, 81 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS VII DES VIII P P; Curule chair, wreath above
RIC 21 (R2). BMC p. 299 note. RSC 58
Ex: Harry N. Sneh Collection
Ex: David Atherton Collection



Though I already had an example of RIC 21, when this became available I had to have it. First of all it is a rare PONT denarius. This refers to the use of PONT in the obverse legend. The speculation is that PONT was used before Domitian was officially named Pontifex Maximus.

Another reason I wanted the coin is the condition. Just look at that expressive portrait. These early portraits of Domitian have a lot of character. 

Another reason I wanted the coin is that it was once owned by Mr. Harry Sneh. After Mr. Sneh passed away his collection was dispersed to many other collectors through auctions. Mr. Sneh certainly had good taste in coins. He also had many rarities such as this coin.

This coin rates as R2 or very few examples known to the authors of RIC II part 1 (Carradice and Buttrey, 2007). I have 1, there is one in Vienna, one in Copenhagen (RIC), and one at Albert-Ludwigs university (OCRE). I have not been able to find any others.

I would love to add more of these PONT denarii to my collection.
2 commentsorfew
Screen_Shot_2019-10-07_at_11_24_26_AM.jpg
RIC 003427 viewsDomitian AR Denarius, 81 CE (Group 3)
3.23g
Rome mint, 81 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG PONT; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS VII DES VIII P P; Seat, draped; above, winged thunderbolt
RIC 34 (R3). BMC -. RSC -
Ex: Harry N. Sneh Collection.
Ex: David Atherton Collection




This very rare denarius of Domitian was struck in 81 CE, Domitian's first year as Augustus. Just how rare is this coin? It is marked as R3- one example known to Carradice and Buttrey, the authors of RIC II part 1 (2007). This coin appears to be a double die match for the RIC plate coin. This is hardly surprising. It would have been surprising if this coin had different dies which would have suggested a larger mintage. This coin appears to be the second one known of its type.

It is also not surprising that this coin is a PONT denarius. Many of the rarest issues in 81 CE are PONT denarii. These coins are particularly prized by collectors because of their rarity and because they are interesting. It is surmised that the use of PONT in the obverse legend was used before Domitian officially took the title of PM or Pontifex Maximus. In fact PM is used in many of the obverse legends in the 4 groups of denarii struck for Domitian in 81 CE.

There is another reason that I am thrilled to have this coin-the provenance. This coin was part of the collection of Harry Sneh. Mr. Sneh was a well known collector who had collected many interesting Flavian coins. After his passing, the coins were distributed in auctions. Mr. Sneh had a great eye for coins and I would love to have more from his collection. In fact, when I acquired this coin it came with another PONT denarius that was also once the property of Harry Sneh.

This will take an important place in my coins of Domitian collection.
1 commentsorfew
Vespsac.jpg
RIC 0042 Vespasian Denarius 161 viewsIMP CAES VESP AVG PM
laureate head of Vespasian right

AVGVR PON MAX
simpulum, sprinkler, jug and lituus (emblems of the augurate and pontificate)


Rome 70-71 AD

Sear 2281; RIC II, part 1, 42 (R)

3.55g

Rare! Only one specimen in the Reka Devnia hoard, compared to 36 with TRI POT.
5 commentsJay GT4
vespasian_ric_544.jpg
RIC 0544124 viewsVespasian, 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius, 3.16g. 21.41mm. Rome, 73 A.D.
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS. Laureate head of Vespasian to right.
Rev: MAXIM PONTIF. Nemisis walking to right holding caduceus over snake. RIC 544. 
Ex: E. E. Clain-Stefanelli collection. Ex: Numismatica Ars Classica - Auction 92 Part 2, Lot 2133 May 24, 2016; Ex: Ed waddell




This denarius of Vespasian is interesting because of the reverse. The reverse features Nemesis walking with a snake. This reverse was also used earlier by Claudius. In fact, Vespasian revived many of the earlier coin types for his own coinage.

The other interesting fact about this denarius is the provenance. This coin once belonged to E. E. Clain-Stefanelli. She was senior Curator of the National Numismatic Collection in the Numismatics Division of the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. She also published works concerning ancient coins and their history.
4 commentsorfew
VespasianNemesis.jpg
RIC 0544 Vespasian Nemesis147 viewsIMP CAES VESP AVG CENS
Laureate head of Vespasian right

PONTIF MAXIM
Nemesis advancing right holding caduceus over snake

Rome 73 AD

2.94g

RIC 544 (R), BMC 97, RSC 385.

Rare

Ex-Indalo

The reverse is copied from a denarius of Claudius
7 commentsJay GT4
Vespasian_RIC_545.jpg
RIC 054526 viewsVespasian, 69-79 Denarius circa 73,
AR 19.5mm., 3.25g.
Obv: Laureate head r. ; IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS
Rev:. Vespasian seated r. on curule chair, with feet on footstool, holding scepter and olive branch; PONTIF MAXIM
RIC 545. C 387.
Ex: E.E. Clain-Stefanelli collection
Ex: Naville Numismatics Live auction 50 Lot 467 June 23, 2019
1 commentsorfew
VespPonMax.jpg
RIC 0546 Vespasian denarius115 viewsIMP CAES VESP AVG CENS
Laureate head of Vespasian right

PONTIF MAXIM
Vespasian seated right holding scepter and branch

Rome 73 AD

RIC 546 (C3), Sear 2308

3.36g
7 commentsJay GT4
TitusPontif.jpg
RIC 0554 Titus103 viewsT CAES IMP VESP CENS
Laureate bust right

PONTIF MAXIM
Vespasian seated right on curule chair, with sceptre and branch

Rome, 73 AD

RIC 554 (R) A mule with reverse type of Vespasian

3.03g

Ex-Jerusalem Haydaya
7 commentsJay GT4
RIC_V_556_Titus.jpg
RIC 0556 Titus44 viewsObv : T CAES IMP VESP CENS, Laureate head right.
Rev : PONTIF TR POT, Titus seated right, on curule chair, holding sceptre and branch.
AR/Denarius (19.73 mm 3.19 g 12h) Struck in Rome 73 A D
RIC 556 (C - Vespasian), RSC 169, BMCRE 116-118 (Vespasian)
3 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
new_vesp_combined.jpg
RIC 068551 viewsVespasian. AD 69-79. AR Denarius Rome mint. Struck AD 74.
(18.47 mm, 3.39 g, 6h).
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AUG Laureate head right
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM Vespasian seated right, holding scepter and branch.
RIC II 685; BMCRE pg. 27 ; RSC 386.
Ex: J. Eric Engstrom Collection
Ex: CNG E-auction 373, Lot 366 April 20, 2016




I like collecting interesting coins of Vespasian. While not as rare as my examples already posted, this one is certainly not all that easy to find either. What attracted me to this coin was the dark toning. I really like the way the highlights on the portrait and the figure on the reverse seem to come to life against the darker background.

This coin is an example where the emperor is featured on both sides of the coin. His portrait is on the obverse, but he is pictured seated on the reverse. This coin has plenty of detail left on both sides. I also really like that the full legend on both the obverse and reverse are preserved. The legend "Maxim Pontiff" refers to Vespasian's role as chief priest of the empire.
1 commentsorfew
VespasianRIC686.jpg
RIC 0686 Vespasian78 viewsIMP CAESAR VESP AVG
Laureate head right

PONTIF MAXIM
Winged cauduceus

Rome, 74 AD

3.21g

RIC 686 (R)

Ex-Jerusalem Haydaya
6 commentsJay GT4
Titusden.jpg
RIC 0706 Titus denarius81 viewsT CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN
Laureate head of Titus right

PONTIF TR P COS III
Winged Caduceus

Rome 74 AD

2.94g

RIC 706 (R);Sear 2445
3 commentsJay GT4
Titus_RIC_784_Vesp.jpg
RIC 078447 viewsTitus as Caesar 75 CE
20 mm 3.30 g
Obv: Head laureate r; T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN
Rev: Securitas seated l; head resting on raised arm; PONTIF TR P COS IIII
Ric 784 (R2) [Vespasian] BMC--, RSC--
Purchased from Zurqieh on vcoins; April 18, 2019
2 commentsorfew
RIC_V_785_Titus.jpg
RIC 0785 Titus90 viewsObv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN, laureate head right
Rev: PONTIF TR P COS IIII, Victory holding wreath, standing left on Cista Mystica flanked by two snakes
AU/Aureus (19.81 mm 7.26 g 6h) Struck in Rome 75 A D
RIC 785 (C, Vespasian), BMCRE 173-174, BNF 151-152
ex Monnaies d'Antan Auction 15 Lot 346
5 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
Tiberius_01.jpg
RIC 1, p.095, 30 - Tiberius, Livia as Pax16 viewsTiberius
AR Denarius, AD 18-35
Obv.: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head of Tiberius right
Rev.: PONTIF MAXIM, Livia as Pax, holding scepter and olive branch, seated right on chair, feet on footstool, ornate chair legs
Ag, 3.64g, 17.5x19.2mm
Ref.: RIC² 30, Kankelfitz 3a, RIC 30, RSC 16a
Ex Malter Galleries
shanxi
Titus_1.jpg
RIC 2, p.035, 174 var - Titus, emperor seated42 viewsTitus
AR-Denar
Obv.: T CAESAR IMP VESP, Head laureate right
Rev.: PONTIF TR P COS III Titus seated right on curule chair, holding scepter and branch
Ag, 3.02g, 17.96mm
Ref.: RIC² 692, RIC¹ 174 var. (legend)
Ex Gitbud & Naumann
shanxi
Caracalla_3.jpg
RIC 4a, p.217, 30a - Caracalla, Sol25 viewsCaracalla
Denar
Rome mint, 200 A.D.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS, Draped and cuirrased bust right
Rev.: PONTIF TRP III. Sol standing facing, head left, holding globe and spear
Ag, 3.3 g, 18.5 mm
Ref.: RIC 30a
1 commentsshanxi
Caracalla_2.jpg
RIC 4a, p.225, 80b - Caracalla, Mars38 viewsCaracalla
Denar
Rome mint, 205 A.D.
Obv.: ANTONINVS - PIVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right
Rev.: PONTIF TR P - VIII COS II, Mars advancing left, foot on helmet, branch in right and scepter in left
Ag, 3.27g, 18.8mm
Ref.: RIC 80(b); Cohen 420 c; Hill 765.
Ex Numismatische Gesellschaft Graz, 1947
Ex Collection Karl Pollak
Ex Lanz Numismatik

shanxi
image~13.jpg
RIC 829 viewsPONTIF TR P VIII COS II

Salus seated left, feeding serpent coiled around altar.


Nico B
1264.jpg
ric28410 viewsElagabalus
AE Sestertius, Rome

Obv: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. COS. P., S.C. in exergue, Roma seated left, in right hand, Victory, and holding scepter in left hand, shield on ground by her side.
31 mm, 27.69 gms

RIC 284
Charles M
917c.jpg
ric29327 viewsElagabalus
AE Sestertius

Obv: [IMP CAES M AV]R ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P., S.C. in exergue, Roma seated left, in right hand, Victory, and holding scepter in left hand, shield on ground by her side.
31 mm, 20.20 gms

RIC 293
Charles M
731c.jpg
ric2958 viewsElagabalus
AE As, Rome

Obv: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P., S.C. in exergue, Roma seated left, in right hand, Victory, and holding scepter in left hand, shield on ground by her side.
25 mm, 10.68 gms

RIC 295
Charles M
1554.jpg
ric29822 viewsElagabalus
AE As, Rome

Obv: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped bust right.
Rev: PONTIF. MAX. TR. P. II. COS. II. P. P., S.C. in exergue, Elagabalus in quadriga left, holding branch and scepter, crowned by Victory who stands behind him.
24 mm, 9.70 gms

RIC 298
Charles M
drusus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - DRUSUS24 viewsTiberius honoring DRUSUS AE As. Tiberius AD 14-37 AE As. Obv: DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N - Drusus head left, bare. Rev: PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER around S - C Rome mint: AD 21-22 = RIC I, p. 97, 45; BMC 99, 10.30 g. dpaul7
tiberius.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - TIBERIUS19 viewsTiberius AD 14-37 copper As "S-C" Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII - Bareheaded head left Rev: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXIIII around S-C Rome mint: AD 22-23 = RIC I, p. 97, 44; BMC 91; D. Sear I, p. 348, 1770. 8.96 g. dpaul7
tiberius2.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - TIBERIUS23 viewsTiberius Copper As "S - C RUDDER & GLOBE" RARE r2 Tiberius AD 14-37 "Tiberius' thirty-seventh year in command" Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII - Laureate head left Rev: PONTIF MAX TR POT XXXVII S-C around rudder placed vertically across banded globe, small glob at the base of the rudder. Rome mint: AD 21-22 = RIC I, p. 98, 58 Rare r2 , 9.62 g.
dpaul7
s-l1600_(2).jpg
Roman Empire Imperial Vespasian Denarius NGC CH AU* Toned RIC 54617 viewsVespasian Denarius, RIC 546 (RIC [1962] 65), RSC 387, BMC 98
Vespasian Denarius. 73 AD. IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS, laureate head right / PONTIF MAXIM, Vespasian seated right, holding scepter & branch. RSC 387.
Shannon R
s-l1600_(1).jpg
Roman Empire Imperial Vespasian Denarius NGC CH AU* Toned RIC 54615 viewsVespasian Denarius, RIC 546 (RIC [1962] 65), RSC 387, BMC 98
Vespasian Denarius. 73 AD. IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS, laureate head right / PONTIF MAXIM, Vespasian seated right, holding scepter & branch. RSC 387.
Shannon R
s-l1600.jpg
Roman Empire Imperial Vespasian Denarius NGC CH AU* Toned RIC 54617 viewsVespasian Denarius, RIC 546 (RIC [1962] 65), RSC 387, BMC 98
Vespasian Denarius. 73 AD. IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS, laureate head right / PONTIF MAXIM, Vespasian seated right, holding scepter & branch. RSC 387.
Shannon R
AUG-10-MOY.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Augustus, AE AS73 viewsDenom: AE As
Obv: IMP CAESAR DIVI F AVGVSTVS IMP XX
Bare head left
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POT XXXIIII S C
PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POT XXXIIII around large SC
Mint: Rome
RIC –I-471; Cohen-226; BMCRE-275
Dia. 27.8 mm
10.84 gm
Augustus
MYoung
bpS1C5Caracalla.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla46 viewsObv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
Laureate and draped bust, right.
Rev:PONTIF TR P X COS II
Caracalla standing right, holding spear in right hand, pulling parazonium forward with left hand and left foot resting on helmet.
Denarius, 2.3 gm, 20.4 mm, RIC 95
Comment: A parazonium is a short sword worn at the waist. This coin was issued during his joint reign with his father, Septimus Severus. Obverse shows his relatively early age at eighteen or nineteen years. He murdered his brother, Geta, within the year following his father's death. He was known as a bloodthirsty and cruel emperor and was finally assassinated on April 8, 217.
Massanutten
Caracalla_-_Principi_Iuventutis_-_.JPG
Roman Empire, Caracalla29 viewsRömisches Kaiserreich

Caracalla

196-217

Denar

3,25 g, 16-18 mm

Erhaltung: Sehr schön

Münzstätte: Rom, 196-198

Vs: M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF

Drapierte Büste barhäuptig nach rechts.

Rs: PRI-NCIPI IVVENTVTIS

Der Caesar mit Mantel über der linken Schulter nach links stehend, Speer mit der Linken und Stab in der Rechten haltend, dahinter Tropaeum stehend.
M. V. Celerinus
Caracalla_Denar_-_Rom_Mars_-_.JPG
Roman Empire, Caracalla35 viewsCaracalla AR-Denar Rom Mars

Kaiser: Caracalla, 198-217 n.C.

Nominal: AR-Denar.

Stadt: Rom.

Vs.: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG Bel. Büste des Kaisers nach rechts.

Rs.: PONTIF TRP VIII COS II Mars steht nach links, hält Lanze und Zweig.

Erhaltung: sehr schön.

Maße: 2,96g, 19mm. Kamp.: 51.101.1.
1 commentsM. V. Celerinus
Caracalla-moeda1.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla 188-217 AD.18 viewsAR Denarius of Caracalla 188-217 AD.

Weight: 3.2gr
Size: 20mm

Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG - Caracalla right.

Rev: PONTIF TR P X COS II - Mars walking right, holding shield and spear.

Minted in 213 AD.

EF/EF

Sear ?? - RIC 88 - VM 72/1 - Cohen 431.
Jorge C
0190-210-2.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CARACALLA Denarius RIC 117b98 viewsRome mint AD 210
ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head of Caracalla right
PONTIF TRP XIII COS III, Virtus standing right, left foot on helmet
3.42 gr
Ref : RIC # 117b, RCV #6872 var, Cohen #478
3 commentsPotator II
Caracalla_2_opt.jpg
Roman Empire, CARACALLA Denarius RIC 88, Mars43 viewsOBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right
REV: PONTIF TR P X COS II, Mars advancing right carrying trophy and spear
3.9g, 18mm

Minted at Rome, 207 AD
Legatus
RI 066x img~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla RIC 030a (Fouree)259 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS, Older boys laureate bust, draped and cuirassed right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P III, Caracalla, as Sol, standing front, head left holding globe and spear
Reference:– RIC 30a
Some parts of core exposed on reverse.
maridvnvm
141.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CARACALLA RIC 9296 viewsCaracalla Denarius. 207 AD. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right / PONTIF TR P X COS II, Securitas seated right on curule chair, propping head on right hand & holding scepter, altar before3 commentsHELEN S
30016q00.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, AR Denarius43 viewsCaracalla 211-217

Denarius (3,37g), Rome 208,

Av. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG,
Rv. PONTIF TR P XI COS III, Virtus with Parazonium and spear, standing right.
RIC:112, C:464

EF
Nico
4905LG.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, AR Denarius57 viewsCaracalla, AR Denarius, 205, Rome
ANTONINVS-PIVS AVG
Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind
PONTIF TR P-VIII COS II
Mars, helmeted, nude, cloak (?) hanging from left elbow, branch downward in right hand, spear downward in left, right foot on helmet
19mm x 20mm, 3.60g
RIC IV, Part I, 80(b)

Note: RIC describes Mars as cloak on left shoulder, which clearly on this coin he is not wearing anything and instead has a token drapery item the celator gave him in the crook of his left arm
Nico
20150922djWNrcPzMDoDI9nN_nzuKO_large.jpeg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, AR Denarius6 viewsCaracalla Den "Virtus" Caracalla AD 196-217 Silver Denarius
"Fourteenth anniversary as ordained heir" Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT-
Laureate bust right, draped Rev: PONTIF TR P XIIII COS III - Virtus
helmet, standing right, holding reversed spear and parazonium; foot on
helmet Rome mint AD 211. RIC IV, 191, page 239 - Cohen 494
Ruslan K
__57_(7).JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, AR Denarius9 viewsCaracalla Augustus 198-217, Denarius.Rome. 207 a.d., ANTONINVS PIVS AVG Laureate head right. Rev. PONTIF TR P X COS II Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy. RIC 88. C. 431. BMC 542.Ruslan K
moneta 642.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, Denarius, Rome67 viewsobv: ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
rev: PONTIF TR P III. Caracalla as Sol standing facing, nude, head left, holding globe and reversed spear.
Struck 199-200 A.D. at Rome
RIC IV, Part 1, 30
Van Meter 68
Jericho
moneta 495.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, Rome - RIC 11267 viewsCaracalla Denarius
obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG. Laureate head right.
rev: PONTIF TR P XII COS III. Virtus standing right with spear & parazonium, foot on helmet.
Struck 209 A.D. at Rome
RIC 112
Van Meter 76/2
1 commentsJericho
Carinus_Caesar.JPG
Roman Empire, CARINUS as Caesar. AE Antoninianus of Rome. Struck A.D.282 - 28316 viewsObverse: M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Carinus facing right.
Reverse: PIETAS AVGG. Sacrificial/pontifical implements; in exergue, KAZ.
Diameter: 22mm | Weight: 3.3gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC V ii : 156
*Alex
cl3.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Claudius, AE Dupondius110 viewsMint:Roma
41/42 AD(D.Sear)
Dimensions:27mm/14.11grms,état:TTB
Obverse:TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP PP
"Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Pontifex Maximus Tribunicia Potestate Imperator Pater Patriae "
Reverse: LIBERTAS AVGUSTA/ S C
Réf: Cohen47(2f)-RIC113-RCV1860
Conservation:TTB

2 commentsmoneta romana
CL1.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Claudius, AE Sestertius60 viewsMint:Roma
41/ 42AD
Dimensions 35mm/26.7grms état de conservation:TTB/TB+
Obverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR. AVG. P. M. TR. P. IMP.
“Tiberius Claudius Cæsar Augustus Pontifex Maximus Tribunicia Potestas Imperator
Reverse : SPES AVGVSTA// S.C.
“Spes Augusta”
Réf:C.85 (4f.) - RIC.99 - BMC/RE.192 - BN/R.165 - RCV.1853
Conservation:TB+

moneta romana
DRUSUS-1-MOY.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, DRUSUS CAESAR27 viewsDenom: AE As
Obv: DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N
Bare head left
Rev: PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER S C
PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER around SC
Mint: Rome
RIC –I-45; Cohen-2; BMCRE-99
Dia. 27.7 mm
10.56 gm
Drusus
MYoung
bpJ1F9Drusus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Drusus, As, 22-23 AD.71 viewsObv: DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N
Bare head, left.
Rev: PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER
Large S C within inscription.
As 10.7 gm 27.8 mm RIC 45
Comment: Issued by Tiberius
3 commentsMassanutten
GERM.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Germanicus, AE As, struck by Claudius, RIC 106196 viewsMint:Roma
42 AD .
Dimensions: 29.8mm/9,66grms ,
Obverse: GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N "Germanicus Caesar Tiberius Augustus Filius Divi Augusti Nostri)
Reverse:TI CLAVDIUS AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P"Tiberius Claudius Augustus Germanicus Pontifex Maximus Tribunicia Potestate Imperator Pater Patriae/ S.C
Réf:C.9(3f) RIC106 RCV1905
Conservation:TTB
Struck by Claudius in memory of his brother
2 commentsmoneta romana
Geta-Moeda1.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Geta 199-212 AD.13 viewsAR Denarius of Geta 199-212 AD.

Weight: 3gr
Ø: 20mm

Obv: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES - Geta right.

Rev: PONTIF COS II - Genius standing left before altar, holding patera and corn ears.

Minted in 208 AD.

Sear 4th 2016 - RIC 59b - VM 29.
Jorge C
RI_068ab_img~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Geta AR Denarius, RIC 68299 viewsObv:– IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P COS II, Geta on horseback riding left, spearing enemy beneath.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 209
Reference:– BMC p. 359 17. RIC 68 (Rated Rare), RSC 130. Only 4 examples in RD so quite a rare coin on that basis.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
Z6405LG.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Geta, AR Denarius / RIC 78a59 viewsAttribution: RIC 78a (RIC IV, Part I)
Date: 211 AD

Obverse: P SEPT GETA-PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right
Reverse: PONTIF TR P-III COS II, Felicitas standing facing, head left, cornucopiae in right hand, vertical long caduceus in left

Size: 17mm x 20mm
Weight: 3.25 grams
1 commentsAnemicOak
Geta.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Geta, Denarius83 viewsGeta 209-212 A.D.

Obv: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES
Rev: PONTIF COS II
RIC 59
Barry
moneta 539.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Marcus Aurelius As, Rome48 viewsobv: AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG PII F COS. Bare head right.
rev: PIETAS AVG S C. Knife, sprinkler, jug, lituus and simpulum (emblems of the augurate and pontificate).
Struck 140-144 A.D. at Rome
Jericho
Sev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Severus Alexander, AR Denarius, Eastern mint27 viewsScarce/Rare Severus Alexander, Denarius, East, 222-223 AD, 3.56g, BM-1063, C-470, Rx-PONTIF MAX TR P II COS II P P Roma seated left,
Scarce: 16 specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. The titles on the reverse were copied by the Eastern mint from coins of Elagabalus and are wrong for Severus Alexander.
Good silver & black patina.
superflex
Severus_Alexander_Bimetallic_Medaillon_2.jpg
Roman Empire, Severus Alexander, Bimetallic Medaillon92 viewsObv. IMP CAES M AVREL SEV ALEXANDER PIVS FELIX AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, seen from behind.
Rev. PONTIF MAX TR P V COS II P P, Alexander on quadriga right, holding eagle-tipped scepter and olive branch, crowned by Victory.
Mint: Rome, 226 AD.

38mm 41.44g

Cohen 481?


Curtis Clay

"A spectacular acquisition!

I know of two other specimens of this medallion:

(1) In ANS, ex Newell Coll.; ex Naville X, 1926, 1765; ex Hirsch 29, 1910, Herzfelder Coll., 1221; ex Sotheby, 29 June 1893, Hermann Weber Coll., 230; doubtless ex Northwick Sale, 1860, 333 (description only). Published by Toynbee, Roman Medallions, p. 85, note 103 and Fagerlie, ANS Medallions, Museum Notes 15, 1969, p. 82.

From the same dies as yours, 55.14g, and also bimetallic according to the Naville X catalogue, though Fagerlie fails to mention this fact and it's not clear one way or the other from the photographs.

(2) In Paris according to Gnecchi no. 21, 50.0g, not illustrated, no mention of bimetallic, but personal examination would be needed to be sure!"
3 commentskc
TIBERIUS-4-MOY.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, TIBERIUS35 viewsDenom: AE As
Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII
Laureate head left
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXXVII S C
S-C across field, Winged caduceus
Mint: Rome
RIC –I-59; Cohen 22, BMCRE-120
Dia. 26.4 mm
9.21 gm
Tiberius
MYoung
Tiberius.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tiberius AR Denarius "Tribute Penny"38 viewsLugdunum mint. TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / PONTIF MAXIM, Livia (as Pax) seated right, holding olive-branch and inverted spear; ornate legs to chair. RSC 16b. RIC 28.1 commentsMike Deigan
Tiberius-moeda1.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tiberius Claudius Nero 14 BC - 37 AD.9 viewsAE As of Tiberius Claudius Nero 14 BC - 37 AD.

Minted at Rome 15/16 AD.

Weight: 13.7g
Ø: 28*25mm

Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VII - Tiberius left.

Rev: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XVII SC - Livia seated right, holding a patera and a scepter.

F/F

Ref: Sear Mil 1769 - RIC 34
Jorge C
TiberiusLivia~1.jpg
Roman Empire, Tiberius Denarius152 viewsTiberius denarius Group 4, c. 18 - 35 A.D. Lugdunum mint, 17.5mm., 3.79g.
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS; One of the ribbons of Tiberius' laurel wreath falls over his neck.
R: PONTIF MAXIM; No base under the throne (just the single exergual line), Pax usually holds scepter (or rarely a reversed spear), her feet rest on a low footstool.
- RIC 30
3 commentsNemonater
0040-210.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, TIBERIUS Denarius, RIC 26158 viewsLyon mint, after 15-16 AD
TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGUSTUS, Laureate head of Tiberius right
PONTIF MAXIM, Woman seated right on a throne (Livia ?) and holding sceptre
3.71 gr
Ref : RIC # 30, RCV #1763, Cohen #16
3 commentsPotator II
TIBERIUS_FOURR%C9E_DENARIUS_45~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tiberius Fourree Denarius42 viewsROMAN EMPIRE, Tiberius Fourree Denarius
PONTIF MAXIM - Livia, as Pax, holding branch and sceptre, seated right; plain legs to chair with double line below.
Lugdunum (Lyon) mint (18-35AD); 2.80g / 19mm / 360
Group 4, c. 18 - 35 A.D.
Obverse: Tiberius is depicted as an older man. One of the ribbons of Tiberius' laurel wreath falls over his neck.
Reverse: No base under the throne (just the single exergual line), Pax usually holds scepter (or rarely a reversed spear), her feet rest on a low footstool.
Aureus: Giard Lyon, Group 4, 149; RIC I 29 (R); BMCRE I 46; Calico 305b (S.1); Cohen 15; SRCV I 1760 - Rare
Denarius: Giard Lyon, Group 4, 150; RIC I 30 (C); BMCRE I 48; RSC II 16a; SRCV I 1763 - Common (approximately half of all Tiberius denarii are this type)
Joe Sermarini
30618q00.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Gold aureus18 viewsSH30618. Gold aureus, Giard Lyon, group 5, 151; RIC I 29 (R); BMCRE I 47; Calico 305c (S.3); Cohen 15; SRCV I 1760, gVF, attractive red tone, weight 7.709 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 135o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 36 - 37 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right, laurel wreath ties fall in small undulations (waves); reverse PONTIF MAXIM (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with decorated legs, a single line below, long scepter vertical behind in her right hand, branch in left hand, feet on footstool; Ex-Bosco Reale Hoard, Pompeii 1898; rareJoe Sermarini
37558q00.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Gold aureus15 viewsSH37558. Gold aureus, Giard Lyon, group 1, 143; RIC I 25 (R2); BMCRE I 30; SRCV I 1760; Calico 305d (S.1); Cohen 15; SRCV I 1760, Choice VF, weight 7.677 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 45o, Lugdunum (Lyon) mint, early 'plain' fine style, c. 15 - 18 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF MAXIM (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with plain legs set on base, long scepter vertical behind in her right hand, branch in left hand, no footstool; a beautiful coin; rare (R2)Joe Sermarini
010.jpg
Roman Empire, Tiberius, AD 14 - 37.84 viewsTiberius, AD 14 - 37.
AR Denarius, Lugdunum mint, AD 14-37.
Obv. TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right.
Rev. PONTIF MAXIM, female figure (Livia?) seated right, right holding long inverted vertical spear, left branch, on chair with ornamented legs above triple line.
RIC 28 (I, 95); RSC 16b (II, 1).
3,66g, 17mm.
Provenance: Gorny and Mosch, Auction 152, lot 1996.
apyatygin
bpJ1G5TiberiusBronze.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tiberius, As, 21-22 AD.34 viewsObv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII
Bare head, left.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXIIII
Large S C within inscription.
As 10.2 gm 28 mm Mint: Rome RIC 44

Massanutten
tib_aureus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tiberius, Aureus50 viewsTiberius AV Aureus.
Lyons mint, 14-37 AD.
TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head of Tiberius right
/ PONTIF MAXIM, Livia as Pax seated right, holding branch and sceptre; plain legs to chair.
BMC 30, Cohen 15.
1 commentsanthivs
Tiberius-Aureus-Livia.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, TIBERIUS, AV Aureus, RIC I: 2599 viewsObverse: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS Laureate head right.
Reverse: PONTIF MAXIM Female figure (Livia?) seated right, holding transverse long scepter, in other hand branch.
Weight: 7,78g; Ø: 20mm;
Reference: RIC I/25; struck at LUGDUNUM
2 commentssulcipius
Tiberius.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tiberius, Denarius131 viewsTiberius 14-37 A.D.
"Tribute Penny"
Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM
RIC 30v
3 commentsBarry
bpJ1G1Tiberius.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tiberius, Denarius, A.D.14-3767 viewsObv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS
Laureate head, right.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM
Seated female (Livia?) right, holding sceptre and branch.
Denarius 3.1 gm 18.5 mm RIC 26
ex-Berk
Comment: Commonly associated with the Tribute Penny from the New Testament.
Massanutten
a12.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vespasian49 viewsVespasian Den "Lituus, et al" NICE Ancient Roman Coin Vespasian AD 69-79 Silver Denarius "The priestly instruments I use as Pontifex Maximus." Obv: IMP CAES VESPA AVG P M - Laureate head right. Rev: AVGVR TRI POT - Simpulum, aspergillum, jug and lituus. Rome mint: AD 70-72 = RIC II, 30, page 18 - Cohen 43 - SEAR RCV I (2000), #2282, page 435 Mike Deigan
bpJ1P1Vespasian.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vespasian, AR denarius41 viewsObv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS
Laureate head, right.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM
Vespasian seated right, holding sceptre and branch.
Denarius, 3.1 gm, 18.5 mm, RIC 65
Massanutten
VespasianAVGVR.jpg
Roman Empire, Vespasian, denarius85 viewsIMP CAES VESP AVG PM
laureate head of Vespasian right

AVGVR PON MAX
simpulum, sprinkler, jug and lituus (emblems of the augurate and pontificate)

Scarce
Rome 70-71 AD
Sear 2281

3.55g
4 commentsJay GT4
VESP_544_Combined.jpeg
Roman Empire, Vespasian, RIC 544139 viewsVespasian, 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius, 3.16g. 21.41mm. Rome, 73 A.D.
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS. Laureate head of Vespasian to right.
Rev: MAXIM PONTIF. Nemesis walking to right holding caduceus over snake.
C 385, RIC 544. 
Ex: E. E. Clain-Stefanelli collection. Ex: Numismatica Ars Classica - Auction 92 Part 2, Lot 2133 May 24, 2016; Ex: Ed waddell
5 commentsorfew
Screenshot_2019-08-04_13_22_06.png
Roman Imperal, Vespasian as Augustus, AR Denarius. 12 viewsRome 73 A.D. 2.86g - 19.1mm, Axis 12h.

Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS - Laureate head right.

Rev: PONTIF MAXIM - Vespasian seated right, holding branch and sceptre.

RIC II 65.
scarli
image00301.jpg
ROMAN IMPERATORIAL, Brutus and Lentulus Spinther, 42 BCE55 viewsRome, The Imperators.
Brutus and Lentulus Spinther, 42 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.91g; 20mm).
Military Mint (Smyrna?).

Obv: BRVTVS; axe, simpulum and knife.

Rev: LENTVLVS SPINT; jug and lituus.

References: Crawford 500/7; HCRI 198; Sydenham 1310; BMCRR East 80-1; Junia 41.

Provenance: Ex Stoeklin Collection [Nomos14 (17 May 2017) Lot 301]; ex Munzhandlung Basel 6 (18 Mar 1936), Lot 1483; ex Trau Collection [Gilhoffer & Ranschburg & Hess (22 May 1935), Lot 37].

The sacrificial implements on the obverse refer to Brutus' membership in the college of Pontifs. The implements on the reverse refer to Spinther's membership in the augurate since 57 BCE.

Spinther was the son of P. Cornelius Lentulus, whose nickname was Spinther (reportedly because he resembled an actor by that name). It was a nickname that his father clearly liked as both he and his son later used it on coins. His father was an aristocrat of the Cornelia gens, who was liked by Julius Caesar and worked with Cicero in suppressing the Cataline conspiracy. He was later governor of part of Spain. With Caesar’s help, his father was elected consul in 57BC, when he recalled Cicero from exile. Thereafter he governed Cilicia, at which time Cicero wrote him a still-surviving letter. As relations deteriorated between Caesar and Pompey, both Spinthers sided with Pompey. Despite initial offers of amnesty by Caesar, Spinther senior would not remain neutral and was eventually killed or committed suicide during the civil wars. His son later allied with Caesar’s assassins and struck coins for both Brutus and Cassius.
3 commentsCarausius
IMG-20180410-WA0021.jpg
ROMAN IMPERATORIAL, Julius Caesar, AR Denarius28 viewsRome. The Imperators.
Julius Caesar, 49-44 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.93 g; 19mm).
Military mint travelling with Caesar, 49-48 BCE.

Obverse: Elephant walking right, trampling serpent; CAESAR in exergue.

Reverse: Simpulum, aspergillum, axe and apex.

References: Crawford 443/1: HCRI 9; Sydenham 1006; Julia 9.

Provenance: Ex Ploil Collection [NAC 101 (24 Oct 2017), Lot 10]; privately purchased December 1980.

Caesar’s “elephant” issue was massive, with Crawford estimating 750 obverse and 833 reverse dies. Stylistic variations range from elephants depicted accurately to elephants with pig-like characteristics. The CAESAR inscriptions on the well-executed elephant varieties typically have letters with serifs; while inscriptions on the piggish varieties have letters without serifs. Woytek believes the series was struck in Gallia Narbonensis and Hispania Citerior in circa 49BC during Caesar’s campaign against Pompey loyalists in Spain. Other scholars, like Crawford and Sear, believe the issue was commenced shortly after Caesar invaded Italy in 49 and continued until the defeat of Pompey at Pharsalus in 48 BCE. What’s clear is that Caesar struck these coins without authority, as he did not hold the office of moneyer or legate. As for interpretation of this coin type, many scholars, including Crawford and Sear, interpret the obverse (elephant trampling the serpent) as representing good (Caesar) triumphing over evil. Michael Harlan interprets the obverse as blaming the civil war on Pompey’s faction; the elephant representing Pompey’s supporter, Metellus Pius Scipio (whose family badge, frequently seen on Metellan coins, is an elephant), trampling the snake symbol of Salus, the health and safety of Rome. The reverse clearly depicts the emblems of the priesthood and alludes to Caesar’s office of pontifex maximus.
1 commentsCarausius
Julius Caesar Crawford 443-1 obv and rev~0.jpg
ROMAN IMPERATORS, JULIUS CAESAR - Elephant Walking - Crawford 443/133 viewsJULIUS CAESAR
AR Denarius
16.9mm. 3.6g.
Die Alignment: 270 degrees
Gaul Mint. 49 - 48 B.C.
Obv: CAESAR - Elephant walking right trampling a serpent.
Rev: [NO LEGEND] - Emblems of the pontificate: callus (cup) or simpulum (ladle), sprinkler, axe and apex (priest's hat).
Ref: Crawford 443/1. Sydenham 1006. RSC 49. Van Meter 4.
1 commentsseraphic
1630265cw8.jpg
Roman Imperators, Julius Caesar, Denarius47 viewsDate: 44 BC
Mint: Galia
Obverse: Elephant trampling a snake and CAESAR
Reverse: Pontificisl Emblems

Ex Elaine Fantham collection, pic made by CNG.
1 commentsXulodue
1__Denier_à_l__éléphant_Jules_César_49_AJC_Gaule_ou_Italie_3,89_g_19,5_mm.jpg
ROMAN IMPERATORS, Julius Caesar, Denarius93 views- Denier, Jules César, Gaule ou Italie, 49 avant J.-C (Argent) RRC. 443/1
Avers : CAESAR à l’exergue. Eléphant passant à droite ; à ses pieds un serpent (ou carnyx, trompette gauloise).
Revers : Anépigraphe. Instrument pontificaux.
3 commentsbgaut
37593q00.jpg
ROMAN IMPERATORS, Julius Caesar, Imperator and Dictator, October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C., Gold aureus16 viewsSH37593. Gold aureus, Crawford 466/1, Sydenham 1017, BMCRR 4050, Cohen 2, Julia 2, SRCV I 1395; Sear CRI 56; Calicó 37, gVF, weight 8.106 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, early 46 B.C.; obverse C•CAESAR COS TER, veiled head of Vesta right; reverse A•HIRTIVS•PR, emblems of the pontificate and augurship - jug between lituus to left, and axe to right; small scuff on obv, ex jewelry, ex CNG auction 166, lot 148Joe Sermarini
40370995_293689958089576_4841469466002849792_n.jpg
Roman Imperial, Geta Denarius. (202 AD)4 viewsRoman Imperial, Geta Denarius. (202 AD)

P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, draped bust right.

PONTIF COS, Minerva standing left with spear and leaning on shield.

RIC 34, RSC 104, BMC 446
Gil-galad
Screenshot_2016-06-15_11_56_42.png
Roman Imperial, Severus Alexander as Augustus, AE As.8 viewsRome 224 A.D. 9.64g - 25.6mm, Axis 5h.

Obv: IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG - Laureate, draped bust right.

Rev: PONTIF MAX TR P III COS PP / S-C - Providentia standing left, leaning on column, legs crossed, holding wand over globe and cornucopiae.

RIC IV-II 416; Sear 8094; Cohen 472.
Christian Scarlioli
39223107_446346042518020_5295031378398674944_n.jpg
Roman Imperial, Tiberius as Caesar 27BC-14AD - As, (10-11 AD)9 viewsRoman Imperial, Tiberius as Caesar 27BC-14AD - As, (10-11 AD)

TI CAESAR AVGVSTV F IMPERAT Tiberius head bare right.

PONTIF EX TRIBVN POTESTATE XII around large SC.

Sear 1755; RIC 469; C27
Gil-galad
Macrinus.jpg
Roman Macrinus Denarius18 viewsMacrinus Denarius. Struck 217 AD.
Obv: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev: PONTIF MAX TR P COS P P, nude Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.

RIC 15

Scarce
Tanit
3640169.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, C. Censorinus, AE As - Crawford 346/4a10 viewsRome, The Republic.
C. Censorinus, 88 BCE.
AE As (11.73g; 27mm).
Rome Mint.

Obverse: NVMA POMPILI ANCVS MARCI; Jugate heads of Pompilius and Ancus Marcius facing right.

Reverse: Prows of crossing ships; to right, a spiral column surmounted by statue of Victory; C.CENSO and ROMA in field.

References: Crawford 346/4a; RBW 1321; Sydenham 715; BMCRR 2415-2418; Marcia 21.

Provenance: Ex RBW Collection [CNG e-Sale 364 (2 Dec 2015), Lot 169]; purchased privately from Frank Kovacs, 3/27/1992.

The moneyer, C. Marcius Censorinus, was a supporter of Marius in the struggle against Sulla. He was killed during the conflict circa 82 BCE. He was a member of the gens Marcia, who claimed descent from the early Roman kings Numa Pompilius and Ancus Marcius. The jugate heads of Pomplius and Marcius are used on much of Censorinus’ silver and bronze coinage. Numa Pompilius was the legendary 2nd king of Rome, who is crediting with establishment of Roman religion and religious institutions. Among these institutions were the sacred college of priests and the position of Pontifex Maximus. Ancus Marcius was the legendary 4th king of Rome. Ancus Marcius ordered the Pontifex Maximus to display some of Numa Pompilius’ religious commentaries to the people of Rome to facilitate proper religious observance.

The reverse of the coin may refer to a naval victory of one of the moneyer’s ancestors, though the precise victory is uncertain.

3 commentsCarausius
1680732l.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, P. Sulpicius Galba, AR Denarius - Crawford 406/121 viewsRome, The Republic.
P. Sulpicius Galba, 69 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.85g;18mm).
Rome mint.

Obverse: Veiled head of Vesta facing right; S.C. behind.

Rev: Priestly implements, i.e. knife, culullus and axe; P GALB in exergue; AE-CVR in fields.

References: Crawford 406/1; Sydenham 839; BMCRR 3517-8; Sulpicia 7.

Provenance: Ex Student and Mentor Collection [NAC 83 (20 May 2015) Lot 356]; ex Münzen und Medaillen Auction 52 (19-20 June 1975), Lot 378.

Galba issued these coins by special Senatorial decree while he held the office of Curule Aedile. The type selection suggests that he was also a Pontifex at this time, as the reverse depicts the priestly implements used in ritual sacrifice and often included on coins struck by members of the priestly college. The Senatorial decree, represented by “S.C.” on the obverse may have been related to grain distribution, though this is conjectural. Among other duties, Curule Aediles were responsible for maintenance and distribution of the public grain supply.
1 commentsCarausius
Republic_-_Cassius_2~0.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Q. Cassius Longinus99 viewsRome
55 BC
head of young Jupiter (or Bonus Eventus or Genius Populi Romani)* right, scepter behind
eagle on thunderbolt right, lituus on left and jug on right
Q·CASSIVS
SRCV I 391, Sydenham 916, Crawford 428/3, BMCRR 3868, RSC I Cassia 7
4,03g
ex Aurea Numismatika

* The sceptrum, fulmen and aquila point to this being the bust of a young Jupiter, for whom such insignia are normally reserved. The priestly implements on the reverse likely allude to an ancestor who belonged to the college of pontiffs, and if we take the symbolism of this coin to be in reference to Jupiter, then it is probable that this coin is in reference to a family member who was once Flamen Dialis, (high priest of Jupiter), a position of great importance and privilege in Rome that entitled the holder of that office to many honours, including the right to a lictor, the toga praetexta, the sella curulis, and to a seat in the Senate. (ROMA NUMISMATICS historical articles)
4 commentsJohny SYSEL
claude_Avers_hightF.jpg
Roman, Claudius, Amazing "Medallic" Clavdivs472 viewsAS
Mint: Roma
41 AD
Dimensions: 32mm/17,52grms ( theorical weight: 10,82grms)
Obverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP
"Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Pontifex Maximus Tribunitia Potestas Imperator".
Reverse: S-C
"Senatus Consulto"
Réf : Cohen 84 var. (f.) - RIC. 100 - BMC. 149 - BN. 179.
Conservation: SUP
to see the reverse follow this link:
http://storage.canalblog.com/85/25/140642/30815258.jpg
6 commentsmoneta romana
Tiberius~0.jpg
Roman, Tiberius AR Denarius112 viewsAttribution: RIC I 30, RSC II 16a, SRCV I 1763, Lugdunum
Date: 19 August, AD 14 – 16 March, AD 37
Obverse: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head r.
Reverse: PONTIF MAXIM, Livia, as Pax, seated r., holding olive branch & long scepter; ornate legs to chair
Size: 19 mm
Weight: 3.6 grams
* NOTE: chipped piece & metal adhesions from prior mounting of coin as jewelry
2 commentsNoah
RRC413-1.jpg
RRC413/1 (L. Cassius Longinus)41 viewsbv. Anepigraphic, draped vestal virgin facing left, shallow vessel (culullus) behind, control letter (L?) before; punch marks.
Rev. Male togate figure left, left hand on hips, right hand placing a tablet inscribed with V(ti rogas) in a cista. LONGIN(VS) IIIV(ir) ro right.
Rome, 63 B.C. or 52 B.C.
RRC 413/1, Sear 364, RSC Cassia 10

This coin was struck by the brother of the famous Cassius who, with Brutus, was the head of the conspiracy to kill Caesar. L. Cassius rose to proconsul under Caesar, and was Tribune of the People in 44 B.C. He was later reconciled to the triumvirs, however (Appian B.C. 5.7).

On both sides of the coin, the allusion is made to L. Cassius Longinus Ravilla (cos. 127 B.C.; censor 125 B.C.), who was responsible for the condemnation of wayward Vestals, which had previously been acquitted by the Pontifex Maximus (Cassius Dio 26.87, Asconius, Comm. in Pis. 32). The penalty for the Vestals would have been live burial, and for their accomplices, death by flogging.

While he was a tribune of the people (137 B.C.), Cassius Longinus introduced the secret vote for jury trials (following the Lex Gabinia of 139 B.C., which had made the vote at elections secret). This made Cicero (consul the year this coin seems to have been struck) see Ravilla as a traitor to the Boni (Cicero, de leg. 3.35, pro Sest. 48.103). The scene thus shows a voter placing a tablet marked with Vti Rogas ("as you ask", "aye") in the polling box. A "nay" would have been marked "A(ntiquo)".
Syltorian
1082c.jpg
rsc22412 viewsElagabalus
AR Denarius

Obv: IMP CAES ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped bust right.
Rev: PONTIF MAX TR P, Roma seated left holding Victory and scepter, shield at side.
18 mm, 2.48 gms

RSC 224, RIC 7
Charles M
saloni16.jpg
Salonin - PIETAS AVG8 viewsSALON VALERIANVS CAES
PIETAS AVG
instruments pontificaux
Trèves - 1ere Émission - automne 258
Bourdel 379
Göbl 914e
Eauze 1532
Elmer 69/107
PYL
Salonin_-_pietas_aug.JPG
Salonin - PIETAS AVG8 viewsSALON VALERIANVS CAES
PIETAS AVG
instruments pontificaux
Trèves - 1ere Émission - automne 258
Bourdel 379
Göbl 914e
Eauze 1532
Elmer 69/107
PYL
salonin_-_pietas.jpg
Salonin - PIETAS AVG8 viewsSALON VALERIANVS CAES
PIETAS AVG
instruments pontificaux
Trèves - 1ere Émission - automne 258
Bourdel 379
Göbl 914e
Eauze 1532
Elmer 69/107
PYL
Salonin_-_Pietas_2.jpg
Salonin - PIETAS AVG7 viewsSALON VALERIANVS CAES
PIETAS AVG
instruments pontificaux
Trèves - 1ere Émission - automne 258
Bourdel 379
Göbl 914e
Eauze 1532
Elmer 69/107
PYL
Septimius_Severus.jpg
Septimius Severus, RIC 176, 211 AD, Rome10 viewsLaureate head of Septimius Severus right. Two captives, each wearing pointed cap and draped to ankles, seated in mourning aptitude back to back, left and right of central trophy.

SEVERVS PIVS AVG
PART MAX P M TR P VIIII
Severus the godly revered emperor.
Greatest conqueror of the Parthians Pontifex Maximus Tribune of the People for the 9th time.
Jonathan N
Geta_AR_Denarius~0.jpg
Septimus Geta Caesar Ar Denarius 38 viewsGeta Denarius. 208 AD. P SEPTIMIVS GETA CEAS, draped bust right / PONTIF COS II, Geta, veiled, standing left with scepter, sacrificing over tripod.
RIC 62b, RSC 119, BMC 588 _6339
Antonivs Protti
sev-alexander_sestertius_providentia_19_88gr_obv_05_cut_01.JPG
Sev Alexander Sestertius - Providentia 'PONTIF MAX TRP II COS PP'12 viewsAncient Rome, Empire.
Emperor Severus Alexander (222 - 232 AD)
AE Sestertius. Rome Mint.

obv: IMP CAES M AUR SEV ALEXANDER AUG - Laureate bust right, draped.
rev:(PONTIF)MAX TRP II COS PP -SC- Providentia standing left, leaning against column with legs crossed. Holding wand over globe with one arm, and holding cornucopia in the other.

19.88gr.
--------------------
Nice dark green patina!
Portrait.
rexesq
sev-alexander_sestertius_providentia_19_88gr_obv_05_rev_04_95%.JPG
Sev Alexander Sestertius - Providentia 'PONTIF MAX TRP II COS PP'20 viewsAncient Rome, Empire.
Emperor Severus Alexander (222 - 232 AD)
AE Sestertius. Rome Mint.

obv: IMP CAES M AUR SEV ALEXANDER AUG - Laureate bust right, draped.
rev:(PONTIF)MAX TRP II COS PP -SC- Providentia standing left, leaning against column with legs crossed. Holding wand over globe with one arm, and holding cornucopia in the other.

19.88gr.
--------------------
Nice dark green patina!
1 commentsrexesq
sev-alexander_sestertius_providentia_19_88gr_obv_02_rev_02_cut.JPG
Sev Alexander Sestertius - Providentia 'PONTIF MAX TRP II COS PP'26 viewsAncient Rome, Empire.
Emperor Severus Alexander (222 - 232 AD)
AE Sestertius. Rome Mint.

obv: IMP CAES M AUR SEV ALEXANDER AUG - Laureate bust right, draped.
rev:(PONTIF)MAX TRP II COS PP -SC- Providentia standing left, leaning against column with legs crossed. Holding wand over globe with one arm, and holding cornucopia in the other.

19.88gr.
--------------------
Nice dark green patina!
rexesq
sev-alexander_sestertius_providentia_19_88gr_obv_03__rev_02_cut.JPG
Sev Alexander Sestertius - Providentia 'PONTIF MAX TRP II COS PP'8 viewsAncient Rome, Empire.
Emperor Severus Alexander (222 - 232 AD)
AE Sestertius. Rome Mint.

obv: IMP CAES M AUR SEV ALEXANDER AUG - Laureate bust right, draped.
rev:(PONTIF)MAX TRP II COS PP -SC- Providentia standing left, leaning against column with legs crossed. Holding wand over globe with one arm, and holding cornucopia in the other.

19.88gr.
--------------------
Nice dark green patina!
rexesq