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Search results - "Nomos"
Metapont_Nomos1.jpg
45 viewsdidrachm, 330/290 BC
7.82 g
obv: head of Demeter left
rev: ear of grain, tongs to left, META to right
(Johnston C 4.20 (this coin); Rutter, Historia Numorum 1583)
from Ars Classica 15, Luzern 1930, No. 167, ex Künker e-Auction 17, No. 7
2 commentsareich
10283s00.jpg
39 viewsIONIA, Ephesos. Faustos Philosebastos. Agoranomos, 2nd-3rd centuries AD.
PB Tessera (17mm, 5.02 g)
[…Φ]AVCTOV ΦIΛOCЄB/ AΓOPANOM OV
Head of elephant right
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -

Ex Tom Vossen Collection
Ardatirion
729Hadrian_RIC589b.jpg
589b Hadrian Sestertius Roma 119-21 AD Hadrian standing40 viewsReference.
BMC 1204. Cohen 1207 var. (different bust type). RIC 589b; Banti 617

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III
Laureate bust of Hadrian to right, with slight drapery on far shoulder.

Rev. PROVIDENTIA DEORVM / S - C
Hadrian standing facing, his head turned to left, holding scroll in his left hand and raising his right towards eagle flying right in upper left field and bearing scepter in its claws.

27.14 gr
33 mm
6h

ex.
Nomos AG auction Obolos 6 Lot Lot 637
Auction 142 lot 2557 2005 Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung
Auction 73 lot 644 2004 Auktionshaus H. D. Rauch GmbH

Note. CNG
This fascinating reverse type is meant to emphasize the legitimacy of Hadrian's rule: Jupiter's symbol, the eagle, is bringing a sceptre to the emperor.
1 commentsokidoki
thess.jpg
AE Trichalkon of the Thessalian League, 196-146 BC83 viewsObv: Laureate head of Apollo right
Rev: Th E S S A/ L O N in vertical columns; Apollo Itonia standing right, throwing spear w/right arm and holding shield w/left. On top of Athena's spear to left the Greek letters Th R A and to right an Owl.
References: BMC 49; Rogers 20; Nomos 4, 1385
Diameter 19 mm, Wt 7.6 gms

The Thessalian League was a confederacy of northern Greek city-states centered in Larissa. The letters above Athena's spear refer to the authorizing magistrate - in this case (Th R A)sylos whose complete name is given on silver staters of the period. A die match to lot 838 in the Triton XV sale (ACsearch)
1 commentsdaverino
4001_178_2_1~0.jpg
Akarnania Leukas AR Stater circa 320-280 BC 22mm 8.75g 7h BCD 275,BMC 90.11 viewsPegasos flying right with longer ethnic below/Helmeted head of Athena right,behind A,and grape vine with bunch of grapes over tall amphora on stand.
very rare with longer ethnic
Grant H
358.jpg
akko00112 viewsElagabalus
Akko Ptolemias, Samaria

Obv: Laureate head right.
Rev: COL PTO Tyche, holding rudder and cornucopia, standing left, crowned by Nike on column; all within tetrastyle temple.
26 mm, 7.50 gms

Kadman 171; Nomos, Obolos Web Auction 8, Lot 426
Charles M
IMG_0355.JPG
Anonymous10 viewsAnonymous. 211-210 BC. AR Victoriatus (16.5mm, 3.14 g, 6h). Spearhead (first) series. Mint in southeast Italy. Laureate head of Jupiter right within border of dots / Victory standing right, placing wreath on trophy; Roma in exergue.

In around 218 BC, at roughly the same time as the appearance of the silver denarius, mints in the Roman Republic began to strike silver coins bearing on the obverse a bust of Jupiter and on the reverse a figure of Victory placing a wreath upon a trophy. Known as a victoriatus in Latin or tropaikon in Greek, this coin was primarily issued to facilitate payments in Greek-speaking southern Italy, where its weight was roughly equivalent to a drachm or half nomos. Rome at this time had a great need for coinage, as the Second Punic War then raged across Italy, and the city needed silver to pay her allies. This function is demonstrated by the hoard evidence, which shows that their circulation was generally limited to southern Italy, and later Cisalpine Gaul and Spain.

The victoriatus was generally struck in less pure silver than the denarius, rarely meeting the same 90% standard, yet it generally followed the same overall pattern of debasements. Despite this, it proved to be an important coin for the budding empire. Though the type was discontinued around 170 BC, the coins themselves continued to circulate, eventually becoming worn enough to function in the marketplace as quinarii. Accordingly, even into the early Imperial period, the silver quinarius was also sometimes refered to as a victoriatus.
ecoli
ANTOSEh4-1.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 655, Sestertius of AD 140-144 (Victoria flying with open wreath)59 viewsÆ Sestertius (25,48g, Ø 31mm, 5h). Rome, AD 140-144.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right.
Rev.: VICTORIA AVGVSTI around, S | C low in field, Victoria wearing towered headdress, winged, draped, flying left, holding an open wreath in both hands..
RIC 655 (S); BMC 1329; Cohen 1087 (6 fr.); Strack 867; Banti 513 (4 spec.)
Ex Nomos, July 2015
4 commentsCharles S
kroton.jpg
AR Nomos of Kroton, Bruttium 500-480 BC11 viewsOBVERSE: KPO upwards on left, Tripod with legs terminating in lion's feet, heron standing left on right.
REVERSE: Incuse tripod.

A slightly chipped example. Bruttium was in the toe of Italy (Calabria). It is believed to have been settled by Greek colonists from Crotona, hence the KPO legend. The followers of the cult of Pythagoras resided here and the tripod/inverse tripod design may have been inspired by their ideas or, more likely, it depicts a trophy in Olympic events. The Greeks were mainly farmers then (and now) and were more attracted to homely themes like scenes from nature and sporting competition than philosophy as subjects on their coins.

SNG ANS 269 (5.99 gm) ex-Forvm Coins
daverino
manbull.jpg
AR Nomos of Neapolis, Campania c340-241 BC68 viewsOBV: Head of nymph facing right, bunch of grapes(?) to left
REV: Man-faced Bull walking right, Victory overhead crowning with wreath.

Sambon 436, SNG ANS 366, weight 7.3 gms; 18 mm

A coin which has all the things that I like about the ancient Greeks - beautiful sense of natural form, balanced design, and whimsical imagination. The small flan cuts off some elements of the overall design and put it in range of my budget.
4 commentsdaverino
taras.jpg
AR Nomos of Taras (Tarentum) in Calabria ca. 275-240 BC27 viewsOBVERSE: A naked youth placing wreath on horse walking right. An indeterminate symbol between the horse's front legs and the bearded head of Poseidon below. The letter A is in the field behind the rider

REVERSE: Naked Taras astride dolphin left, holding kantharos. "TARAS" to the right

Weight 6.1 grams; diameter ~20 mm
1 commentsdaverino
AD1C5964-188E-4520-A92F-1C6C30EE0E36.jpeg
Bruttium Kroton AR Nomos / Tripod42 viewsAttribution: SNG ANS 264
Date: 480-430 BC
Obverse: Tripod with legs terminating in lions feet
Reverse: Incuse of obverse
Size: 19.07mm
Weight: 7.94 grams
Description: A nice nomos with sharp detail
2 commentsMark R1
Terina_drachm.jpg
Bruttium Terina162 viewsTEPINAION
Head of nymph right; triskeles behind

Nike seated left on plinth, holding kerykeion.

Terina, Bruttium. 300 BC

2.04g

Holloway & Jenkins 107; HN Italy 2641

Ex-CNG 396 lot 29; Ex-Aegean

Also called 1/3 Nomos
5 commentsJay GT4
Bruttium_Terina_third_nomos.JPG
Bruttium Terina third nomos43 viewsBRUTTIUM, Terina. Late 4th Century BC.
AR 1/3 Nomos
Obverse:TERINAIWN, Head of the nymph Terina left; triskeles behind neck
Reverse: Winged Nike seated left on cippus, bird perched on her extended right hand; star in left field.
SNG ANS 867; BMC Italy 47
16mm, 2.1gm
Jerome Holderman
Kaulonia.jpg
Bruttium, Kaulonia AR 1/3 Nomos28 viewsObv: Apollo, naked, advancing right, holding a branch in uplifted right hand; stag on tablet in right field, looking backwards.
Rev: Stag standing right.
Circa 450-445 BC.
2.4g., 13mm.
ancientone
5006LG.jpg
BRUTTIUM, Kaulonia. Circa 475-425 BC.60 viewsAR Nomos, Noe, Caulonia Group F, 78 (same dies); HN Italy 2046. BMC 42, aVF, 7.9 g, 19 mm,. Apollo advancing right, holding branch; [small daimon] running right on Apollo's left arm; to right, stag standing right, head reverted / Stag standing right; KAV above in retrograde, leaf to right.

Ex Holyland
2 commentsPhiloromaos
Kroton~0.jpg
Bruttium, Kroton (Circa 530-500 BC)30 viewsAR Nomos

28 mm, 7.82 g

Obverse: Tripod, legs surmounted by wreaths and terminating in lion's feet, two serpents rising from the bowl, set on basis of three lines, the center dotted, koppa-P-O (KRO - short for Kroton) to left

Reverse: Incuse tripod as obverse, but wreaths and serpents in outline.

HN Italy 2075; SNG ANS 231; Bement 272.

The importance of the Delphic oracle to the founding of Kroton was celebrated on its coinage from the earliest days. Despite later myths ascribing the founding of Kroton to Herakles, the city's historical oikist is recorded as Myskellos of Rhypai who, on consulting the Delphic oracle about his lack of children was given the response that Apollo would grant children, but that first Myskellos should found the city of Kroton 'among fair fields'. After being given directions on how to locate the site, Myskellos travelled to southern Italy to explore the land that he had been assigned, but seeing the territory of the Sybarites and thinking it superior, he returned once more to the oracle to ask whether he would be allowed to change. The answer came back that he should accept the gifts that the god gave him. A further element of the story is that Myskellos was accompanied on his expedition by Archias of Corinth; the Delphic oracle gave the pair the choice between health and wealth. Archias elected wealth, and was assigned the site of Syracuse, while Myskellos chose health: the favourable climate of Kroton, the eminent skill of its physicians and the prowess of its athletes later earned its citizens this reputation for good health.
1 commentsNathan P
greek3.jpg
Bruttium, Kroton Ar Nomos43 views(480-430 BC)
Obv.: Tripod, legs terminated in lion's feet, heron to left.
Rev.: Incuse tripod.
SNG ANS 260; HN Italy 2102.
2 commentsMinos
Terina-Nomos.JPG
Bruttium, Terina, AR Nomos38 viewsAR Nomos, 420-400 BC
Obverse:TERINAIWN, Head of nymph right.
Reverse. Nike seated left. on cippus, holding caduceus.
H.N. 2604. Holloway-Jenkins 49.
19mm, 6.6gm
Jerome Holderman
Weber_1149.jpg
Bruttium, Terina, AR Nomos, circa 420 - 400 B.C.38 viewsWeight: 7.65 grams
Diameter: 18.5 mm

Obverse: Head of nymph Terina facing left, wearing ampyx
and low cut sphendone; small Π behind neck.
Reverse: Nike seated left on cippus holding wreath on extended right hand,
left hand resting behind her on cippus, small Π to right of cippus.
Ref: Regling 62; Holloway & Jenkins 60; SNG Copenhagen 2006;
SNG Munchen 1734-5; Weber 1149
1 commentsLeo
mycollage(1).jpg
Bull charging right, tunny-fish below. AR nomos Lucania, Thourioi174 viewsLucania, Thourioi
Silver didrachm. 385-360 B.C.
21.2mm, 7.00g

O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla holding trident
R: Bull charging right, ΘΟΥΡΙΩΝ above, tunny-fish right in exergue.
thomas s7
176.jpg
C. Calpurnius L.f. Frugi Denarius - Horseman Galloping (Crawf. 408/1b)51 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 67 BC
3.95g

Obv: Head of Apollo to right, his hair bound with fillet; behind, two pellets.

Rev: Horseman galloping right; above, uncertain control mark.
C PISO L F FRVG

Babelon (Calpurnia) 24. Crawford 408/1b. RBW -. Sydenham 860d.

Struck in high relief and with magnificent iridescent toning.

Leu Numismatik Web Auction 2, Lot 548, 03/12/17
Obolos (By Nomos) Web Auction 3, Lot 261, 15/11/15
Gorny & Mosch Auction 190, Lot 426, 11/10/10
5 commentsKained but Able
940279~0.jpg
Caabria Tarentum circa 240-228 BC AR Nomos 18 mm 6.48 g 6h41 viewsWarrior on horseback rearing right,holding crowning Nike and reins,monogram to left.Rev Phalanthos riding dolphin left,holding crowning Nike and cradling trident,monogram to right.
ex Elvira Elisa Clan-Stefanelli,as the Demarete collection.
Grant H
Taras_Calabria_Italy.jpg
Calabria Italy Taras on Dolphin92 viewsTaras, Calabria, Italy, Silver nomos, Taros mint, 272 - 235 BC, 20.3mm, 6.375g, 0o axis, Vlasto 877 ff., SNG ANS 1197 ff., HN Italy 1033
OBV: Nude youth on horseback right, shield and two lances in left hand, spear pointed downwards in right, DI above left, API-STI/KL-HS below
REV: TARAS, Taras astride dolphin left, kantharos in right, trident in left, head of a nymph left behind; typical tight flan

The reverse depicts Taras, the son of Poseidon and of a local nymph,
Satyrion, being saved from a shipwreck by riding a dolphin sent to him by Poseidon.
This symbol of the ancient Greek city is still the symbol of Taranto today.

EX: Forum Ancient Coins
4 commentsRomanorvm
Calabria_Italy_Taras_on_Dolphin.jpg
Calabria Italy Taras on Dolphin21 viewsTaras, Calabria, Italy, c. 272 - 240 B.C., Silver nomos, Unpublished(?); Vlasto 932 var. (different controls), SNG ANS 1239 var. (same), HN Italy 1044 var. (same), SNG Cop -, BMC Italy -, VF, 6.520g, 19.7mm, die axis 180°,
OBV: Nude warrior wearing crested helmet on horse standing left, holding shield on left arm, horse raising right foreleg, ET (control) before horse, API-ΣTΩN below divided by horse's left foreleg;
REV: Taras on dolphin left, kantharos in extended right hand, trident nearly vertical in left, ΓY (control) behind upper right, TAPAΣ below;

Very Rare variant. EX: Forum Ancient Coins

Taras, the only Spartan colony, was founded in 706 B.C. The founders were Partheniae ("sons of virgins"), sons of unmarried Spartan women and Perioeci (free men, but not citizens of Sparta).
These out-of-wedlock unions were permitted to increase the prospective number of soldiers (only the citizens could be soldiers) during the bloody Messenian wars. Later, however, when they were no longer
needed, their citizenship was retroactively nullified and the sons were obliged to leave Greece forever. Their leader, Phalanthus, consulted the oracle at Delphi and was told to make the harbor of Taranto
their home. They named the city Taras after the son of Poseidon, and of a local nymph, Satyrion. The reverse depicts Taras being saved from a shipwreck by a dolphin sent to him by Poseidon.
This symbol of the ancient Greek city is still the symbol of modern Taranto today.

SRukke
Calabria.jpg
Calabria Nomos92 viewsAR Nomos
Helmeted warrior on horse left, holding shield ornamented with eight-rayed star & two spears behind him

Dionysiac Taras astride dolphin left, holding distaff & grape-bunch

Calabria, Tarentum
ca 281-272 BC

5.58g

Vlasto 789 (SNG ANS 1133)
Ex-Calgary coins

SOLD!
4 commentsJay GT4
Vlasto_235-6.JPG
CALABRIA TARAS Nomos. Circa 425-415 BC.71 views23 mm 7,39 g.

Obv: Phalanthos, right arm outstretched and holding shield on left arm, riding dolphin left; cockle shell below.

Rev: Nude male figure, holding bird in his extended left hand and spindle in his right, seated right on himation draped over a stool.

Fischer-Bossert 270a; Vlasto 235-6; HN Italy 844; SNG Lloyd 140; BMC 78; SNG Newcastle 19; Boston MFA 59; de Luynes 286; Gulbenkian 24; McClean 558.

near VF

Rare
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto666.jpg
CALABRIA Taras, 302/280, Nomos15 views7.80 g.
Naked boy on horse to r., crowning the horse. In field l. ΣA, beneath APE/ΘΩN. Rev. TAPAΣ Taras on dolphin to l., holding tripod in r. hand. CAΣ beneath.
Vlasto 666. Rutter, Historia Numorum 957. Extremely fine.
Leo
940279.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Nomos 18mm 6.48g 6h 240-228 BC124 viewsWarrior on horseback rearing right holding crowning Nike in right hand,and reins in left.Monogram to left in two lines KANNIK PATHE.Rev Phalanthos riding dolphin left holding crowning Nike and cradling trident,monogram to right.
Vlasto 963-70,HN Italy 1059. EX Elvria Elisa Clain Stefanell collection,known as the Demarete collection.
Period of Roman Alliance
2 commentsGrant H
FotorCreated~75.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Nomos circa 240-228 BC 21mm 6.37 g 10h48 viewsOlympis Magistrate,warrior brandishing javelin,on horse gelloping right wreath to left Olympis below.Rev Taras riding dolphin left, holding kantharos and cornucopiae,tripod to right. Grant H
FotorCreated~77.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Nomos circa 272-235 BC 18 mm 6.19 g 6h24 viewsNaked boy rider crowning horse standing left, and lifting off foreleg,EY above horse.Rev TAPAE in field under Taras astride dolphinto left,holding trident in left hand and with right hand extending small wreath bearing Nike,in field to right bunch of grapes with small leaf.Grant H
FotorCreated~9.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Nomos circa 272-240 BC 19mm 6.23g 7h42 viewsYouth on horseback right,crowning horse and holding rein,behind,Nike flying right,crowning youth,APIETO/KPATHE in two lines below.Phalanthos riding dolphin left, holding cornucopia and trident,herm to right.
From the Kallman collection,EX Pegasi auc 19 lot 34, 11-18-08
1 commentsGrant H
FotorCreated~8.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Nomos circa 280 BC 20mm 7.93g 12 h60 viewsWarrior wearing shield on left arm and holding spear,on horse prancing left,to left Nike standing facing restraining horse.Rev Phalanthos wearing shield{ inscribed E} and holdingtwo spears,standing astride dolphin left,ZOP to left,waves below.
From the Kallman collection,purchased from Colosseum coin exchange
1 commentsGrant H
FotorCreated~10.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Nomos circa 302-280 BC 20mm 7.96g31 viewsNude youth on horseback right crowning horse,behind and above EA, in two lines below APE-O?N.Rev Taras riding dolphin left holding tripod in right hand below AE-TAPAE.
This group,Evans,Period 6 is the last before the reform reducing the weight of the nomos.
Grant H
FotorCreated~78.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Nomos circa 334-330 BC 23 mm 7.70g 2h12 viewsNude youth on horseback right crowning self,EA and Ionic capital below.Rev Phalanthos holding snake and whip,on dolphin left,KON below.Grant H
FotorCreated~13.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Nomos circa 340-335 BC 22.5mm 7.45g 12h 34 viewsYouth on horseback right,crowning horse,below youth removing stone from horses hoof.Rev Phalanthos shield on arm,holding kantharos and trident,riding dolphin left,E and waves below.
A very charming type
Grant H
3940031.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Nomos circa 344-340 BC 21mm 7.49g 8h42 viewsWarrior,wearing helmet and holding spear and shield,standing facing,head right,behind horse standing right,to right l-.Rev Phalanthos holding trident and shield,riding dolphin left,below, A above waves.1 commentsGrant H
Untitled_collagetarastaras.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR nomos circa 344-340 BC22mm 7.18g Vlasto 51816 viewsHelmeted warrior standing facing,head right holding spear and shield,behind horse ./Phalanthos riding dolphin left,holding triton and shield below A above waves.1 commentsGrant H
greek17.jpg
Calabria, Taras Ar Nomos57 views(272-240 BC) Apollonios, magistrate.
Obv.: Warrior on horseback holding shield and spear.
Rev.: Taras riding dolphin, holding trident; Nike above crowning him; waves below.
Vlasto 894-898. HN Italy 1038.
2 commentsMinos
Vlasto_286.jpg
Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. c. 430-425 BC24 viewsNude horseman galloping l. / Dolphin rider r., l. hand extended; shell below. Vlasto 286 Fischer-Bossert 219 b (dieses Expl.) ; SNG ANS 864; 7.70 g.Leo
Vlasto_941.jpg
Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. Circa 240-228 BC.26 views6.56g, 21mm, 11 h
Zopyrion, magistrate. Nude youth on horseback to right, ΖΩΠΥΡΙΩΝ below; below forelegs, ΣΩ above bukranion / Taras astride dolphin to left, holding hippocamp in extended right hand, trident against left arm; monogram and mask of Silenos right, TAPAΣ below. Vlasto 941; HN Italy 1054.
Extremely Fine; a beautiful reverse composition. Very Rare.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_883.jpg
Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. Circa 281-240 BC.12 views6.50g, 20mm, 2h.
Nikokra- and N-, magistrates. Nude horseman galloping right, brandishing spear in right hand, shield and two spears on left arm; N behind, NIKO-KΡA in two lines below.
Taras, nude, astride dolphin to right, holding crested helmet with both hands; TAΡAΣ behind, Ionic capital below.
Vlasto 883; SNG ANS 1203.

Good Extremely Fine; attractive old cabinet tone. Very Rare.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_701-3.jpg
Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. Circa 281-270 BC.12 views7.85g, 23mm, 6h.
Rider dismounting from horse left, holding spear and shield; EY in right field, [NIK]ΩΝ below horse
Taras seated astride dolphin left, holding barley ear in right hand and resting left on dolphin's back; API before, TAPAΣ behind, spearhead below.
Vlasto 701-3; HN Italy 969; SNG ANS 1078.

Extremely Fine; lustrous metal.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_379ff.jpg
Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. Circa 390-385 BC.79 viewsNude warrior on horseback left, holding reins in right hand, small round shield on left arm; A below / Taras astride dolphin left; P and ΤΑΡΑΣ below. Vlasto 379ff; HN Italy 869; SNG ANS 900. 6.98g, 23mm, 8h.

Good Fine.
4 commentsLeo
Vlasto_264.jpg
Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. Circa 425/420-380 BC. 6 views7.56g, 22mm, 5h.
Taras astride dolphin right, extending left arm; Π in left field, TAPA[NTINΩNHMI] around.
Nude youth on horse galloping right, holding reins with left hand.
Vlasto 264; HN Italy 848; Evans IB.1.
Good Fine; old cabinet tone. Extremely Rare, only two other examples on CoinArchives.
Leo
Vlasto_132.jpg
Calabria, Taras Nomos circa 500-48038 viewsAR 19mm., 8.03g. Oecist riding dolphin r., extending arms; below, shell. Rev. Hippocamp l. Vlasto 132. Historia Numorum Italy 827.

Toned, Very Fine/Good Very Fine.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_877.jpg
Calabria, Taras, 272-240 BC, AR Nomos24 views6.47g, magistrate Aristokles, nude rider holding spear on horseback galloping right, rev. Taras riding dolphin left, holding trident, nymph's head in field (Vlasto 877), well centred on an irregular flan, otherwise attractively toned in recesses, very fine or better.1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_255.jpg
Calabria, Taras, 425-415 BC, Oecist Nomos39 views7.99g. Fischer-Bossert-279 (V127/R212), Vlasto-255.
Obv: Phalantos naked and ithyphallic riding dolphin left; extending right hand and holding cuttlefish in left hand.
Rx: Oecist naked to waist, seated left on stool and balancing distaff on right hand, a lekythos on his left wrist.
Ex Gemini XII, 11 January 2015, lot 13. Ex NAC 10, 9 April 1997, lot 17. Ex M&M Basel 10, 1951, lot 161. With interesting and unusual types: Phalantos holds cuttlefish on obverse, while on reverse Taras(or Oecist?) is shown seated rather than on horseback. Nicely centered and well struck, except for Phalantos' head on obverse; rare; beautifully toned. EF

The distaff is a very common symbol on Tarentine coins. It may be an allusion to the very important wool industry and the wool-trade Tarentum was famous for.
Leo
Vlasto_797.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras, AR Nomos72 viewsCirca 280-272 BC. (21.5mm, 6.28 g, 10h). Warror, holding shield and two spears, on horse galloping left; ZΩ to right, [A]ΠOΛΛΩ below / Phalanthos, holding grape bunch and distaff, astride dolphin left; ANΘ to left. Vlasto 797; HN Italy 1013. VF, toned.2 commentsLeo
vlasto_842.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras, c. 272-240 BC. AR Nomos 38 views6.57g, 3h
Nude rider on horse standing to left, crowning his horse; to right, ; below, .
Rev. Phalanthos, nude, riding on dolphin to left, holding Nike with his right hand and trident with his left; to right, bunch of grapes.
Evans VIII A, 10. HN III 1026. SNG Paris 2006 ff. Vlasto 842-4.
Extremely fine.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_413-4.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras, c. 385-380 BC. AR Nomos (Contemporary Imitation)37 views21mm, 7.47g, 9h
Nude youth on horseback l., crowning horse with wreath; pellet to l., A below. R/ Phalanthos riding dolphin l., holding kantharos. Cf. Vlasto 413-4; cf. HNItaly 875; SNG Fitzwilliam 257; Fisher-Bossert N 71. Corrosions, VF
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_320-1.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras, c. 415-400 BC. AR Nomos (Contemporary Imitation)37 views20mm, 5.35g, 9h
Nude youth on horseback right, placing wreath on the horse's head; caduceus before.
TARAS, Taras astride dolphin right, left hand extended, right hand at side.
Vlasto 320-1
VF – silver deeply black plated, with green spots where the copper core give up.
In consideration of the artistic quality of the dies, observe in detail the horse head on the obverse.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_638.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras, Circa 315-302 BC. AR Nomos59 views21mm, 8.04 g, 11h
Warrior, preparing to cast spear held aloft in right hand, holding two spears and shield with left hand, on horse rearing right; Ξ to left, API below / Phalanthos, nude, holding kantharos in extended right hand and cradling oar in left arm, riding dolphin left; KΛ to left, TAPAΣ to right. Fischer-Bossert Group 74a, 914 (V357/R709); Vlasto 638; HN Italy 939; SNG ANS 1016 (same obv. die); SNG Lloyd –; BMC 208 (same dies); Pozzi 123 (same obv. die). Very rare in this quality. Excellent style. Beautiful patina. Extremely fine.
Ex Hess-Divo 329 (17 November 2015), lot 6; Leu 91 (10 May 2004), lot 15.

The obverse of this nomos depicts an example of the mercenary cavalrymen for which Taras became famous in the Hellenistic period. The Tarentine cavalryman is believed to have been the first mounted warrior of the Greek world to carry a shield. This novelty made him popular in the armies of Hellenistic kings and led to the training of cavalrymen in the Tarentine style.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_178.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras, Nomos, ca 450 - 440 BC13 views8.00g
Obv: Phalantos with arms outstretched on dolphin n. R. Including shell.
Rev: Beardless man in a hip coat sits on a stool, holding a spindle in his right and resting his left hand on the edge of the chair. The whole in a laurel wreath.
Vlasto 178 (stgl.); Fischer-Bossert 138b (this copy).
Fine toned and rare.
Ex Peus Nachf., Frankfurt, Auction 277, 1971, 3. Bought at Leu, Zurich, on 14.8.1972.
Leo
Calabria_1b_img.jpg
Calabria, Taras, Nomos, Vlasto 696 87 viewsSilver Nomos

Obv:– Warrior on horseback right thrusting spear downward with right hand, holding two spears and shield in his left hand ; ΣΙ behind , ΔAKINMOΣ below.
Rev:– [TARAS] , Phalanthos astride dolphin left, holding dolphinin right hand , cradling cornucopiae in left arm. [ΔΑ below]
Minted in Calabria, Taras from .c. 302 - 280 B.C. Magistrate Dakinmos
Reference:– Vlasto 696 ; SNG ANS 1071
3 commentsmaridvnvm
calabria_1a_img.jpg
Calabria, Taras, Nomos, Vlasto 85337 viewsSilver Nomos
Obv:– Naked boy-horseman prancing right, crowning horse with right, AGAQA/RCOX below.
Rev:– Taras naked seated on dolphin left, extending kantharos in right, cornucopia in left, TARAS below, race torch behind
Minted in Calabria, Taras from .c. 270 - 240 B.C.
Reference:– HN Italy 1028, Vlasto 853, SGCV I 375 var

Slabbed by ICG - EF40

Ex-Forum

Photographed through slab. Still deciding whether to free it from the tomb.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Calabria_1d_img.jpg
Calabria, Taras, Nomos, Vlasto 87727 viewsSilver Nomos
Obv:- Nude warrior on horseback right, holding shield and two lances in left hand, spear pointed downwards in right; API-STO/KL-NS below, DI behind.
Rev- Taras astride dolphin left, holding kantharos in right hand and trident in left; head of a nymph behind.
Minted in Calabria, Taras from .c. 272 - 235 B.C.
Reference:– Vlasto 877
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Calabria_1c_img.jpg
Calabria, Taras, Nomos, Vlasto 89181 viewsSilver Nomos
Obv:– Helmeted, nude warrior riding on horse right, transverse spear in right hand, large round shield behind, [ΦI before], ΦHRAE / ΛHTWΣ below.
Rev:– [T_A_RAS], Taras astride dolphin left, holding flower & cornucopiae; EI monogram & thymiaterion behind
Minted in Calabria, Taras from .c. 272 - 235 B.C. Pheraeletos as magistrate
Reference:– Vlasto 891 ???, SNG ANS 1209???. HN Italy 1037
4 commentsmaridvnvm
Vlasto_836.jpg
Calabria, Taras.53 viewsSilver Nomos (6.64 g), ca. 272-240 BC.
Sy… and Lykinos, magistrates. Youth on horseback left, crowning horse with wreath; behind and below in two lines, magistrate's names: ΣY and ΛYKI/NOΣ. Reverse: TA-PAΣ, Phalanthos riding dolphin left, hurling trident; behind, owl standing left, head facing. Vlasto 836; HN Italy 1025. Gorgeous iridescent toning. Superb Extremely Fine.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_191.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. 450-440 BC. AR Nomos37 views7.71g
Taras seated left on dolphin, both arms extended, cockle shell below, Greek ΔEM scratched in field in ancient times // Dionysius male figure, naked to waist, seated, holding distaff & scepter, large die-break noticeable at the bottom of the distaff, Fine.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_288.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. 460-420 BC. AR Nomos10 views7.79 gm
Taras riding dolphin, scallop shell below / Horseman galloping. Vlasto.288. Toned aVF. Scarce early issue.
Leo
Vlasto_297.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. c. 400-390 BC. AR Nomos24 views21mm, 7.67g, 6h
Warrior, wearing helmet, holding shield and lance, dismounting from horse cantering l. R/ Phalanthos, holding helmet and large oval shield, on dolphin l.; Σ below. Vlasto 297; HNItaly 849. VF
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_1012.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Campano-Tarentine series. Circa 281-272 BC. AR Nomos27 views20mm, 7.07 g, 4h
Diademed head of Satyra left / Nude youth on horseback right, crowning horse with wreath; TA to left, dolphin below. Vlasto 1012–4; HN Italy 1098. VF.

"The Campano-Tarentine series dates to around the middle of the 3rd century BC, and are usually said to have been struck somewhere in Campania or Lucania. The type displays not the usual horseman and dolphin rider combination, but instead the obverse is occupied by a nymph resembling those on the coinage of Neapolis. Furthermore, the coins are struck on the standard not of Tarentum, being 0.8 grams lighter on average, but of those cities on the west coast of Magna Graecia, hence the credence given to this theory. However, the question of where these coins were struck and which region they were intended for, was addressed by J.G. Milne (An Exchange-Currency of Magna Graecia), who convincingly argues that it was more likely they were produced in Tarentum for circulation in or trade with the Greek cities of Bruttium, and that they should therefore be properly referred to as Bruttio-Tarentine coinage."
Leo
vlasto_965.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 240-228 BC. AR Nomos8 views18mm, 5.94 g, 6h
Kallikrates, magistrate. Warrior riding right, head facing, extending right hand to receive crowning Nike, flying right; monogram to left, magistrate’s name in two lines below
Phalanthos riding dolphin left, holding trident and Nike; NE monogram to right.
Vlasto 964; HN Italy 1059. VF, darkly toned, some marks under tone.
Leo
Vlasto_704.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 280 BC. AR Nomos39 views(22.5mm, 7.74 g, 1h).
Youth on horse galloping right; EY to left, NIKOΔAMO[Σ] below / Phalanthos, holding kantharos and distaff, riding dolphin left; ZOP and gazelle below. Vlasto 704; cf. HN Italy 970/958. Near EF, deep iridescent tone, a hint of porosity. Well centered on a broad flan.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_684.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 280 BC. AR Nomos31 views21mm, 7.82 g, 2h.
Warrior on horse galloping left, holding shield; ΦIΛΩ (retrograde) below / Phalanthos riding dolphin left, holding small Nike; waves below. Vlasto 684 (same obv. die); HN Italy 964. VF, toned.
2 commentsLeo
V_804.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 280-272 BC. AR Nomos10 views19.5mm, 6.46 g, 2h
Youth on horseback right, crowning self; ZΩ to left, ZAΛO and Ionic capital below / Phalanthos riding dolphin left, holding aphlaston and distaff; ANΘ to right.
Vlasto 804; HN Italy 1014. Good VF
Leo
Vlasto_543–4.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 333-331/0 BC. AR Nomos98 views19.5mm, 7.70 g, 2h
Warror, preparing to throw spear and holding shield and two more spears, on horse rearing right; [|- to left], Λ to right, KAΛ and Δ below / Phalanthos, holding crested Phrygian helmet, astride dolphin right; stars flanking, API below. Fischer-Bossert Group 60, 770–3 var. (V303/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Vlasto 543–4 (same obv. die); HN Italy 896. Good VF, toned, a little off center. From fine style dies.

On this coin we see the rider on horseback exercising his martial prowess, galloping forward and preparing to thrust a javelin into an object which the viewer does not see. On his far side he carries a round shield and two additional spears. The reverse depicts the dolphin rider facing to the right, holding a helmet of Phrygian design with cheek guards and a long, sweeping crest. Two stars in the fields flank the dolphin rider, and should perhaps be interpreted as alluding to the Dioskouroi and thus to Sparta. If so, then the design should be seen in light of the ill-fated expedition of the Spartan king Archidamos III. In 343/2 B.C. at the request of the city’s leading citizens, the Spartan king arrived with a fleet and soldiers in order to help the Tarentines to repel incursions by their Italic neighbors, notably the noisome Lucanians to Tarentum’s north and west. He was subsequently killed during the fighting, and the dolphin rider here may be thought of as mourning the slain Spartan king.
3 commentsLeo
Vlasto_498~0.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 340-335 BC. AR Nomos5 views23mm, 7.87 g, 1h
Nude youth on horseback right, holding rein in left hand, crowning horse with wreath held in right hand; to left, Nike flying right, placing fillet on head of youth; AP below.
Phalanthos, nude, riding sideways on dolphin right, head turned slightly left, spearing cuttlefish below with trident held in right hand; KA monogram to left, TAPAΣ to right; all encircled by waves.
Fischer-Bossert Group 54, 717 (V267/R561); Vlasto 498 (same dies); cf. HN Italy 886; SNG ANS –; SNG Copenhagen 822 (same obv. die). VF, lightly toned. Struck from artistic dies on a broad flan. Very rare issue, only ten examples noted by Fischer-Bossert.
Leo
Vlasto-448.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 355-340 BC. AR Nomos14 views7.86g.
Obv: Nude horseman r., shield behind him; T below horse. Rx: ΤΑΡΑΣ Taras astride dolphin l. over waves, holding one-handled vase; Π below.Test mark at 5:00.
Fischer-Bossert-672, Vlasto-448.
Small contact mark behind dolphin's eye. EF
Leo
Vlasto_349.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 385-340 BC. AR Nomos9 views19 mm, 7.51 g, 6 h
Nude ephebe on horse standing right, crowning horse with wreath / TAPAΣ, Phalanthos astride dolphin left.
Fischer-Bossert grp. 31a, 446 (V197/R340); Vlasto 350-1 (same dies); SNG ANS 890 (same dies); HN Italy 868.
Minor porosity on the fields. Very fine.
Leo
Vlasto_338.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 400-390 BC. AR Nomos31 views20mm, 7.93 g, 2h
Youth on horse galloping right; tiny Λ below / Phalanthos, holding torch, riding dolphin left.

Fischer-Bossert Group 26, 361.2 (V164/R283) = Vlasto 338 (this coin); HN Italy 850. Old collection tone, small edge test cut, a few marks on edge, struck from worn dies. VF.

Ex Michel Pandely Vlasto Collection.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_320.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 415-405 BC. AR Nomos11 views22mm, 7.88 g, 9h
Nude rider seated right on horse, which he crowns; kerykeion to right, ΛA in exergue / Phalanthos, nude, extending his hand, riding dolphin right.
Fischer-Bossert Group 21, 297 (V134/R229); Vlasto 320–1 (same dies); HN Italy 851; SNG Copenhagen 803 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 150 (same dies); SNG Lockett 351 (same dies); Hirsch 190 (same dies); Dewing 137 (same dies).
Even light gray tone, with iridescence around the devices, a few marks under tone on obverse, light scuffs under tone and die flaw on reverse. Near EF. Very rare.

From the Matthew Curtis Collection. Ex William N. Rudman Collection (Triton V, 15 January 2002), lot 1040.
Leo
Vlasto_140.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 470-465 BC. AR Nomos14 views18.5mm, 8.05 g, 7h
Taras, nude, raising left hand and supporting himself with his right, riding dolphin right; TARAS (retrograde) to left, scallop shell below / Head of nymph (Satyra?) left in linear circle within concave incuse. Fischer-Bossert Group 5, 91b (V41/R60) = Vlasto 140 (this coin, illustrated in both references); HN Italy 838; Berlin 65 (same dies). VF, old cabinet tone, a few marks.

From the Gasvoda Collection. Ex M. L. Collection of Coins of Magna Graecia and Sicily (Numismatica Ars Classica 82, 20 May 2015), lot 4; A. D. Moretti Collection; Classical Numismatic Group 40 (with Numismatica Ars Classica, 4 December 1996), lot 575; Hess-Leu [11] (24 March 1959), lot 5; Kricheldorf IV (7 October 1957), lot 26; Münzen und Medaillen AG VIII (8 December 1949), lot 696; Michel Pandely Vlasto Collection; Maddalena Collection (Sambon & Canessa, 7 May 1903), lot 244.
Leo
Vlasto_115.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 500-490 BC. AR Nomos33 views8.03 g, 9h
Taras riding dolphin right, holding cuttlefish, left hand extended / Hippocamp left; cockle shell below. Fischer-Bossert 27 (V12/R21); Vlasto 115 (same obv. die); HN Italy 827; McClean 533. VF, minor roughness.

In the time this coinage was produced Tarentum was a monarchy, as it had been since its foundation. Though we have little information concerning the early governance of Tarentum, the monarchy was probably modelled on the one ruling over Sparta. According to Herodotus (iii, 136) a certain king Aristophilides ruled over the city in this period.
Since the arrival of the Greeks in the region in the late 8th century BC, a long-running series of skirmishes appears to have taken place between the Tarentines and the indigenous Iapygian tribes (Messapians, Daunians and the Peucetii) who controlled the interior of the Apulian peninsula. Tarentine expansion was therefore limited to the coast because of the resistance of these populations, a situation reflected in their coinage types which are predominantly marine in character.
In c.490 BC the Messapians moved against the Tarentines with a composite force of around 8,000 men including shield infantry, skirmishers, and their skilled cavalry. The Tarentines meanwhile fielded 4,000 citizen hoplites and 1,000 light infantry in support, as well as a combination of light and sword-wielding cavalry. Outside the walls of their city the Tarentines withstood the initial skirmishing and the Messapian charge; despite the superiority of the Messapian cavalry and being greatly outnumbered on foot, the Tarentines appear to have represented their Spartan heritage well in this battle, and were able to claim victory and a temporary respite from the Iapygian attacks. After this defeat the Iapygians would not challenge Taras again for nearly twenty years, but in 473 when they would again come against the Tarentines, they would come in overwhelming numbers.
Leo
Vlasto_68~1.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 510-500 BC. AR Incuse Nomos11 views8,03 g; 24 mm; 11 h
Phalanthos riding dolphin right, extending left arm, holding dolphin with right hand; crowning Nike to left; shell below
Rv. Incuse of obverse, but ethnic in relief.
HNItaly 826; Vlasto 68. The first issue of Tarentine coinage. Very rare. Lightly toned and in fine archaic style, extremely fine.

I got this great piece from an auction last fall and it was the most important acquisition for me.
Taras incuse stater is more compact and thicker than Kaulonia and Sybaris incuse stater. It was dibble (or triple) striked and the details were hard to detect. We can found slight trace on the Taras’s head and his left hand. I believe this is the reason that the pattern looks very sharp while the high points (such as dolphin’s eyes and tail ) are flat.

Dating from the late sixth century, this nomos shows Phalantus naked, riding a dolphin, expressing a motif destined for popular success in the coins of Taras: the dolphin brings Phalantus safe and sound across the sea (also evidenced by the presence of a pecten in the lower field of the coin), and conveys him to Italy, according to the dictate of the Delphic oracle. We learn from the Periegesis of Greece of Pausania (II cent. A.D.) that statues of Taras, Phalantus, and Phalantus’ dolphin (cf. Paus. X 13) were among the votive offerings (anathemata) presented to Delphi by the Tarantines with a fifth of the spoils taken from the Peucetii and the Iapygians. The reverse has the same representation as the obverse, in incuse, using a well-known technique of early coinage that was deployed at many other Southern Italian cities besides Taras
Leo
Vlasto_938.jpg
Calabria, Taras. From Sir Arthur Evans Collection23 viewsc. 240-228 BC. AR Nomos, 6.39g (10h). Obv: Naked youth riding horse at full gallop right, holding torch behind him; in field to left monogram HPAK; below, ΔΑΙΜΑΧΟC. Rx: ΤΑ - ΡΑC in field under Taras astride dolphin left holding trident in left hand and kantharos in right; in field to right, monogram ANΔPE. Vlasto 938 (this coin). Evans, Tarentum (1889), p. 194, pl. X. 1 (this coin). Ex Vlasto Coll. 938, pl. XXX. From the Sir Arthur Evans Collection.Leo
Vlasto_955-7.jpg
Calabria, Taras. Silver Nomos (5.92 g), ca. 240-228 BC.44 viewsXenokrates, magistrate. Dioskouros on horseback left, head facing, raising hand and holding rein; in right field, TP monogram and pileos; in two lines below, magistrate's name: [Ξ]E-NOKPA/T-HΣ. Reverse: TAPAΣ, Phalanthos riding dolphin left, head and torso facing, holding trident and lifting drapery; in right field, monogram; below, waves and cuttlefish. Vlasto 955-7; HN Italy 1058. Toned. Choice Very Fine.

The Hanbery Collection; Purchased privately from F. Kovacs in the 1980s
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_342.jpg
Calabria, Taras; AR Nomos. Circa 430-380 BC.11 views7.40g, 23mm, 9h.
Nude youth on horseback left, crowning horse with wreath and holding small round shield / Taras astride dolphin right, hurling trident (?) downwards to right; TAPAΣ upwards to left. Vlasto 342; HN Italy 850.

Very Fine. Lightly toned. Rare early type.
Leo
calabria2res.jpg
CALABRIA, TARENTUM73 views315 - 302 BC
AR DIDRACHM (NOMOS) 22 mm 7.84 g
O: Naked horseman galloping with lance and shield, SA beneath
R: TARAS Taras, with trident, riding dolphin; small dolphin below
Calabria, Tarentum
VLASTO 625
3 commentslaney
CALABRIA_RES_BLK_Ccr.jpg
CALABRIA, TARENTUM58 views315 - 302 BC
AR DIDRACHM (NOMOS) 22 mm 7.84 g
O: Naked horseman galloping with lance and shield, SA beneath
R: TARAS Taras, with trident, riding dolphin; small dolphin below
Calabria, Tarentum
VLASTO 625
2 commentslaney
nomos_k.jpg
CALABRIA, Tarentum23 viewsAR didrachm or nomos, 20mm, 8.0g, 6h; c. 302-290 BC.
Obv.: Nude, helmeted warrior on horseback right, holding shield and two spears, thrusting spear downward; ΔAI below.
Rev.: Taras riding dolphin left, holding shield decorated with hippocamp and trident; ΦI to right, murex shell below, [TAPAΣ] to right.
Reference: Vlasto 594, SNG ANS 990, HN Italy 935 / 16-410-375
2 commentsJohn Anthony
greek53.jpg
Calabria, Tarentum AR Nomos89 views(315-302 BC). Sl- and K-, magistrates.
Obv.: Warrior on horseback right, holding shield and spear, preparing to throw spear; ΣA below.
Rev.: Phalanthos, holding kantharos and trident, on dolphin left; K to left; below, dolphin left.
Vlasto 607.
7 commentsMinos
Calabria,_Tarentum,_AR_Nomos_-_Spink___Sons_Ltd.jpg
Calabria, Tarentum, 334-330 BC, AR Didrachm 64 viewsNaked horseman crowning himself on stationary horse right, small ΣA and large Ionic capital beneath.
Taras holding sea snake and whip astride dolphin facing left, KO in lower right.

Fischer-Bossert group 75, 960-973; HN Italy 941-942; SNG ANS 1026; Vlasto 654-8; Evans V, E1 and McGill II, 57-58.

(20 mm, 12h).
Spink & Son Ltd, July 1988.
4 commentsn.igma
Calabria_Tarentum_SNG-ANS840.jpg
Calabria, Tarentum.19 viewsCalabria, Tarentum. 500-480 BC. AR Nomos (8.18 gm). Taras (Phalanthos) riding dolphin l., arms outstretched, cockle shell below, TAPA∫. / Hippocamp left. gVF. CNG 72 #73. SNG ANS 840; Fischer-Bossert group 7, 109b (V56/R71, 34 specimens known); Hermitage I 45; Hirsch 81; HN Italy 827; SNG Lloyd 117-118; SNG Cop 776; Vlasto 133 Ward 21 (all from same dies). cf HGC 1. 753.Christian T
Calabria_Tarentum_SNG-ANS1142ff.jpg
Calabria, Tarentum.14 viewsCalabria, Tarentum. 280-272 BC. AR Nomos (6.58 gm). Youth on horseback r., crowning himself. ꞮΩ behind, ꞮAΛO (magistrates Zo-, Zalo-, and An-) and Ionic capital below. / Taras (Phalanthos) on dolphin l., holding distaff and aphlaston; ANΘ behind; TAPAΣ below. gVF. Ex. CNG Web Auction #1213202540. SNG ANS 1142ff; HN Italy 1014; HGC 1 888; SNG Cop 898-899; Vlasto 803ff.Christian T
Calabria_Tarentum_SNG-ANS1003.jpg
Calabria, Tarentum.18 viewsCalabria, Tarentum. 281-272 BC. AR Nomos (6.51 gm) of Apulia. Boy on hoseback l., stg figure to l., crowning horse. ΓΥ in field to r., ΑΡΙ ΣΤΙ Π below to l. / Taras (ecist) on dolphin r., holding bow and arrow. Elephant in field to r., ΔΙ to l. VF. Bt. Coral Gables 2000. SNG ANS 1003; SNG Cop 883-884; HN Italy 1000; Vlasto 736; Sear 370.1 commentsChristian T
8178A732-E722-408B-AFFE-578EB282340D.jpeg
CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 272-240 BC.35 viewsCALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 272-240 BC. AR Nomos (20mm, 6.48 g, 9h). Warrior on horseback right, holding shield and spear; DI above; APO[LL/WNIOS] in two lines below / Phalanthos riding dolphin left, head facing with flowing chlamys around left arm, holding trident in right hand; crowning Nike to left; waves below. Vlasto 894-898; HN Italy 1038. Lustrous4 commentsMark R1
Vlasto_773.jpg
CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 280-272 BC. AR Nomos62 views19mm, 6.45 g, 4h
The Dioskouroi riding left; monogram above, [ΣΩ]Δ-A-M-O-Σ below
Phalanthos, nude, holding two spears, shield decorated with hippocamp, and Nike, who crowns him with wreath, riding dolphin left; ΠY to left, waves below.
Vlasto 773; HN Italy 1011. Good VF, toned, compact flan. Well centered.
4 commentsLeo
Vlasto_448.jpg
CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 344-340 BC. AR Nomos10 views21mm, 7.77g, 3h
Warrior, wearing helmet and holding shield, on horseback r.; |- below. R/ Phalanthos, holding kantharos, on dolphin l.; below, Π above waves. Vlasto 448; HNItaly 890. Graffiti and small metal-flaw on rev., VF
Leo
Vlasto_984.jpg
Calabria, Tarentum. Time of Hannibal, c. 212-209 BC. Nomos54 views3.98gg. (5h). Obv: Naked youth on horseback right, holding reins and carrying filleted palm; ΣΩKAN - NAΣ below. Rx: Taras astride dolphin left, holding aphlaston in extended right hand, cradling trident in left arm; eagle standing with wings spread behind; TAPAΣ below. Vlasto 984. HN Italy 1082. SNG ANS 1272. Perfectly struck; Mint State.
Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 130, 6 January 2003, lot 81.

Hannibal used the region around Tarentum and Metapontum as winter quarters during his occupation of southern Italy. He installed his own magistrates and struck coinage based on the Punic half shekel standard.
3 commentsLeo
greek15.jpg
Calabria,Taremtum. AR nomos 7.6gm32 viewsVlasto 661 / 302-281 BC
obv: nude youth on horseback, crowning horse.
rev:Taras on dolphin holding tripod,CAS below
2 commentshill132
Vlasto_169.jpg
Calabria. Taras circa 455 BC. Nomos AR28 views20mm., 8,11g.
[TAΡAΣ], Taras on dolphin right, both hands extended; pecten and octopus below / Phalanthos seated right on diphros draped with a fleece, holding kantharos in right hand, spindle in left.
very fine
Vlasto 169; SNG ANS -; McClean 549.
1 commentsLeo
Fischer-Bossert-1138.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. 332-302 BC. AR nomos37 views7.90g.
Obv: Naked youth on horseback r., crowning horse, AΠH below. Rx: ΤΑΡΑΣ Nude Taras astride dolphin l., holding out kantharos in r. hand, Φ behind.
Fischer-Bossert-1138 (V422/r880), Group 81.
Rare, fewer than ten recorded. Not in Vlasto or Evans.. Near Mint State
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_319.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. 425-380 BC. AR nomos57 views6.26 gm
Nude ephebe cantering left, holding bridle with both hands, ΛΕ (retrograde) beneath horse / TARAS, dolphin rider right, wielding trident and pointing with left hand.
HN Italy 850. Vlasto 319 (same dies).
Porous. Edge bump (8:00 obverse) and reverse scratches. Good very fine.

The aristocratic Tarentines were especially proud of their reputation as first-rate horsemen, and the coinage of Tarentum mirrors this pride by displaying all manner of equestrian showmanship. Some of the riders appear in full armor, and those must be cavalrymen in battle, but most appear nude: those riders are surely taking part in the various races and games that the aristocrats loved so much. One of the more dangerous, and most prestigious, of the races was the kalpé. In this form of race the rider would, at a certain stage, slide off his horse and, while holding the reins, run along side. The Tarentine staters show several stages in the process. On this coin we see the very beginning: the rider places his left hand on the horse’s rump and has moved his right hand from the right to the left side of the his horse’s head. On the next lot we see him moving his right leg up over the horse’s back; on other coins (not here) we see both legs stretched out on the left side of the horse just before the rider leaps to the ground. For a short discussion of this event see Sport, p. 79. The actual process of getting off the horse was termed apobates. There are many examples of the initial stages of the apobates to be found in this rich collection.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_943.jpg
Calabria. Taras. c. 240-228 BC. Nomos30 views6.57g.
Obv: Hippokontist in close fitting lorica hurling javelin on horseback. ΟΛΥΜΠΙΣ beneath horse; wreath in left field.
Rx: ΤΑΡΑΣ Taras on dolphin holding cornucopiae and kantharos; tripod to his left.
Vlasto Coll. 943 (same dies). HN Italy 1055. EF.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_607.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Circa 302-280 BC. Nomos38 viewsSilver, 22 mm, 7.82 g, 9 h
Nude rider on horse galloping to right, stabbing with spear held in his right hand and holding two other spears and shield with his left; below, ΣΑ.
Rev. ΤΑΡΑΣ Youthful oikist, nude, riding dolphin to left, holding kantharos in his right hand and trident with his left; to left, K; below, dolphin.
HN Italy 937. Vlasto 607.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_527.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Circa 340-335 BC. Nomos12 views22 mm, 7.75 g, 1 h
Nude youth riding horse walking to right; before, nude youth restraining or comforting it; above, Nike flying right to crown the rider; below horse, Z.
Rev. TAPAΣ Youthful oikist, nude, riding dolphin to left, holding jug in his right hand and resting his left on the dolphin; to upper right, K.
HN Italy 892. Vlasto 527. A lovely and interesting issue. Very fine.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_410.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Circa 365-355 BC. AR Nomos 53 views21 mm, 7.89 g, 2 h
Youthful nude jockey riding horse standing right; to right, bearded herm left; below horse, TH. Rev. TAΡ[AΣ] Phalantos, with wild flowing hair, riding dolphin left, holding oinochoe in right hand. Fischer-Bossert 564b (this coin). Vlasto 410 (same obverse die). Beautifully toned and of fine style. Minor areas of flatness, otherwise, good very fine.

From the Prof. Langlotz Collection, Auctiones AG 23, 17-18 June 1993, 185.

This is a particularly charming depiction of the hero Phalanthos, with wild waving hair and an impish smile, indicating how much he is enjoying the dolphin ride.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_497.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Circa 380-340 BC, Nomos14 viewsA very rare didrachm or nomos from Tarentum
Silver, 21 mm, 7.73 g, 1 h
Nude warrior, holding bridles with his right hand and carrying small round shield with his left, about to dismount from horse to left; below horse, Λ; all within circle of waves. Rev. TAPAΣ Youthful oikist, nude, riding dolphin to left, holding trident in his right hand and placing his left on the tail of the dolphin; all within circle of waves.
Fischer-Bossert 629. HN Italy 885. Vlasto 497.
Very rare. An unusual issue of splendid style. Very fine.
Leo
221111_l.jpg
Calabria. Tarentum. (Circa 332-302 BC)37 viewsAR Nomos (21 mm, 7.76 g)

Obverse: Warrior, preparing to cast spear held in right hand, holding two spears and shield in left, on horse rearing right; ΣA below

Reverse: Taras, holding kantharos in extended right hand, cradling trident in left arm, astride dolphin left; AP to left, TAPAΣ (Taras) to right; below, small dolphin left.

Vlasto 614-20; HN Italy 937.
2 commentsNathan P
211114_l.jpg
Calabria. Tarentum. Nomos (Circa 302-280 BC)27 viewsAR Nomos

21 mm, 7.78 g

Obv: Youth, holding shield, on horse rearing left; ΣΛ to right, ΦΙΛΩΝ below.
Rev: TAPAΣ.
Phalanthos, holding crowning Nike, riding dolphin left; waves below.

Vlasto 684-5; HN Italy 964.

In Greek mythology, Phalanthos (Φάλανθος) is a divine hero, the leader of the Spartan Partheniae and the founder of Taranto. In Ancient Greece, the Partheniae or Parthenians were a lower ranking Spartiate population which, according to tradition, left Laconia to go to Magna Graecia and founded Taras, modern Taranto, in the current region of Apulia, in southern Italy. In Greek mythology, Phalanthos is a divine hero, and the leader of the Spartan Partheniae.

At least three distinct traditions carry the origins of the Parthenians. The oldest is that of Antiochus of Syracuse, according to which the Spartiates, during the first Messenian war (end of the 8th century BC), had rejected like cowards those who had not fought, along with their descendants:

"Antiochus says that, during the Messenian war, those Lacedemonians which did not take part with the mission shall be declared as slaves and called Helots; as for the children born during the mission, we shall call them Parthenians and deny them of all legal rights."

The Parthenians were therefore the first tresantes ("trembling"), a category which gathers the cowards and thus excludes themselves from the community of the Homoioi, the Peers. Thereafter, Parthenians plotted against the Peers and, discovered, would have been driven out of Sparta, from which they departed for Italy and founded Taras, whose date is traditionally fixed in 706 BC - which archaeology does not deny.

In the second tradition, according to Ephorus (4th century BC), the Spartiates swore during the Messenian War, not to return home as long as they had not attained victory. The war prolonged and Sparta's demography being threatened, the Spartiates let the young Spartans who had not sworn the oath return home. These were ordered to copulate with all the girls available. The children who were born from these unions were named Parthenians. Their mothers, since they were compelled by the state to procreate, were legally considered unmolested and fit to marry once the war was over.

Lastly, a third tradition, made the Parthenians bastards who had resulted from the unions of Spartan women and their slaves, always during the Messenian war. The same tradition is told to explain the origins of Locri, also in Magna Graecia.
Nathan P
Vlasto_894.jpg
CALABRIEN, Taras, AR Nomos,BC 272/24011 views6.4 g, 20 mm_
Obv: Warrior, holding shield and spear, on horse rearing right; ΔΙ to left; ΑΠΟΛΛ/ΩΝΙΟΣ in two lines below. Rev: TAPAΣ. Phalanthos, holding trident, riding dolphin left; to left, crowning Nike flying right; waves below.
Vlasto 894-8; HN Italy 1038.
Condition: Very fine.
Leo
GRK_SRCV_294_Campagnia_Hyria.jpg
Campania, Hyria.11 viewsSRCV 294 var. (Athena facing right), HN Italy 539, Rutter 88.

AR nomos, struck c.a. 400-395 B.C., 7.02 gr., 20.19 mm. max., 0°.

Obv.: Head of Athena left, in Attic helmet decorated with owl and laurel branch.

Rev.: Man-headed bull walking left, YDINAI above.
Stkp
Hyria.jpg
Campania, Hyrianoi. (Circa 405-400 BC)37 viewsFourrée Nomos (20.5mm, 6.33 g)

Obverse: Head of Athena wearing crested helmet decorated with olive-wreath and owl.

Reverse: Man-faced bull standing r. on exergual line, YDINA (retrograde) above. YDINA is in Oscan script and means "Urina", another name for Hyria.

For prototype, cf. HN Italy 539.

The city, named both Nola (new city) and Hyria (which Nola likely arose from), was situated in the midst of the plain lying to the east of Mount Vesuvius, 21 miles south of Capua. While Neapolis was the focus of minting in this general area, Neapolitan designs were adopted by several new series of coins, some of them bearing legends in Oscan script referring to communities that are otherwise unknown (such as the Hyrianoi). Complex die linking between these different series indicate, at the very least, close cooperation in minting. Didrachms sharing motives (Athena/man headed bull), but with legends referring to different issuing communities on the reverse, testify to the integration into a common material culture in Campania in the late fifth to early fourth century. The die sharing and use of legends in Oscan script allow for an interpretation of these issues as indigenous coinages struck in the Campanian mileu.

The influence of Athens on Hyria can be seen not only in the great number of Greek vases and other articles discovered at the old city but by the adoption of the head of Pallas with the Athenian owl as their obverse type.

This particular coin is an ancient forgery, which were quite common in Magna Graecia and typically of much higher quality than fourrees produced elsewhere. In ON THE FORGERIES OF PUBLIC MONEY [J. Y. Akerman
The Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Numismatic Society, Vol. 6 (APRIL, 1843–JANUARY, 1844), pp. 57-82] it is noted that ancient forgeries tend "to be most abundantly found to belong to the most luxurious, populous, and wealthy cities of Magna Graecia...Nor is it surprising that the luxury and vice of those celebrated cities should have led to crime; and among crimes, to the forging of money, as furnishing the means for the more easy gratification of those sensual indulgences, which were universally enjoyed by the rich in those dissipated and wealthy cities. Many of the coins of the places in question having been originally very thickly coated, or cased with silver (called by the French, fourrees), pass even now among collectors without suspicion."
1 commentsNathan P
3NeapolisDidrachm.jpg
CAMPANIA, Neapolis22 viewsCAMPANIA, Neapolis. Circa 300-275 BC. AR Nomos (19mm, 7.11 g, 3h). Diademed head of nymph right; X behind / Achelous Sebethos as a man-headed bull walking right; above, Nike flying right, placing wreath on bull's head; EΥΞ below. Sambon 477; HN Italy 579; SNG ANS 372 (same dies). Near VF, toned. Ex. CNG 84, Lot. 52. From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection1 commentsMolinari
3330002.jpg
CAMPANIA, Neapolis35 viewsCAMPANIA, Neapolis. Circa 300-275 BC. AR Nomos (18mm, 7.06 g, 5h). Head of nymph right; X behind / Man-headed bull walking right; above, Nike flying right, placing wreath on bull's head; EYΞ below. Sambon 477; HN Italy 579; SNG ANS 370. Fine, toned,ecoli
greek33.jpg
Campania, Neapolis Ar Nomos48 views(320-300 BC)
Obv.: Diademed female head right.
Rev.: Man-headed bull walking right; Nike flying above, crowning bull, DI below.
SNG ANS 327.
1 commentsMinos
Coin.JPG
Campania, Neapolis, AR Nomos58 viewsCAMPANIA, Neapolis. 395-385 BC. AR Nomos (20mm, 7.11 g, 12h). Diademed head of nymph right / Man-headed bull walking left on double exergue-line; above, Nike flying left, placing wreath on bull's head. Rutter 158 (O101/R143); HN Italy 563. Fine, toned. Well centered reverse. Ex. CNG 84, Lot 23. From the Collin E. Pitchfork Collection.1 commentsMolinari
Campania,_Neaopolis,_AR_Nomos_300-275_BC_-_CNG_167_Lot_0007.jpg
Campania, Neapolis, ca. 320-300 BC, AR Didrachm 22 viewsHead of the Siren Parthenope right, hair bound by band, wearing triple pendant earring and pearl necklace; pileos behind.
Man-faced bull standing right with head facing while being crowned by Nike flying right above; K below.

HN Italy 579.

(19 mm, 7.23 g, 10h).
Classical Numismatic Group e-Auction 167, 27 June 2007, 7; from the Charles Gillet collection, ex-Stacks, 15 November 1989, 90.
n.igma
Campania_Neapolis_SNG-ANS338.jpg
Campania, Neapolis.27 viewsCampania, Neapolis. 320-300 BC. AR Nomos (7.47 gm). Head of nymph Parthenope r., with pendant earring, dolphins around. / Man-headed bull walking, Nike above, crowning. ΟΥΙΛ below. Ex: [NEO]POΛITΩ[N]. VF. Pegasi AXXI #40 SNG ANS 337-339; SNG Cop 413-414; HN Italy 576; HGC 1 452; Sambon 458.1 commentsChristian T
Neaopolisnymphnomos2.jpg
Campania, Neapolis. AR Nomos.59 viewsCampania, Neapolis. AR Nomos.
Obverse:Head of water nymph right, wearing diadem, earring and necklace, bunch of grapes
behind, legend below truncation of neck.
Reverse: Man-headed bull right,
head facing, Nike flying right above, crowning him., legend below.
1 commentsCANTANATRIX
Neaopolisnymphnomos1.jpg
Campania, Neapolis. AR Nomos.50 viewsCampania, Neapolis. AR Nomos.
7.3g, 18mm.
Obverse:Head of water nymph right, wearing diadem, earring and necklace, bunch of grapes
behind, legend below truncation of neck.
Reverse: Man-headed bull right,
head facing, Nike flying right above, crowning him., legend below.
CANTANATRIX
CAMPANIA,_Neapolis_Nomos.JPG
CAMPANIA, Neapolis. Circa 300-275 BC. AR Nomos23 viewsCAMPANIA, Neapolis. Circa 300-275 BC. AR Nomos (19mm, 7.21 g, 11h).
Head of nymph right; kantharos behind, XAPI below / Man-headed bull walking right; above, Nike flying right, placing wreath on bull's head; K below. Sambon 467b; HN Italy 569; SNG ANS 356 (same rev. die). Near VF, bright iridescent toning, light roughness on obverse.
Leo
neapolis_campania.jpg
Campania. Neapolis AR Nomos75 viewsCirca 275-250 BC. AR Nomos (21mm, 7.21 g, 11h). Sambon–; HN Italy 586; BMC 87; SNG France–; SNG ANS–. Obverse: Diademed head of nymph left, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace; to right, Artemis standing right, holding torch in both hands. Reverse: Man-headed bull walking right; above, Nike flying right, placing wreath on bull's head; IΣ below; [N]EOΠOΛITΩN in exergue. Good VF, toned. Scarce symbol for issue.

Ex Gorny & Mosch 125 (13 October 2003), lot 21. Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX No. 2 Summer 2014, lot 979726.

The obverse of early Neapolitan coins represent the siren Parthenope who, according to legend, committed suicide after her failed attempt to seduce Odysseus and his shipmates as they passed the Sorrento peninsula. Her body was washed up on the shore of nearby Megaride, a tiny island in the Bay of Naples. The locals interred her in Mount Echia, now the hill of Pizzofalcone. The Sirens were originally the islands found at the mouth of the river Achelöos in Greece which flowed into the Ionian Sea between Akarnania and Aetolia. The man-headed bull on the reverse of the coins was meant to represent Achelöos, the greatest water god of ancient Greece and father of Parthenope. This coin, however, belongs to a later group known as Class VI (Numismatic Circular, vol. 14, 1906). The latest coins with the obverse head always facing left may well be identified as the head of Dia-Hebe. She is associated with Dionysus Hebon and the Neapolitan bull on the reverse was reinterpreted as the bull with which Dionysus Hebon was always depicted.


3 commentsJason T
20antestinomos.jpg
Cr 238/1 AR Denarius L. Antestius Gragulus 9 views136 BC. AR Denarius (19 mm, 3.85 g, 10 h), Rome.
O: GRAG Helmeted head of Roma to right
R: L.ANTES / ROMA Jupiter in quadriga to right
Cr238/1;Antesia9
PMah
image00043Nomospomponia.jpg
Cr 334/1 AR Denarius L. Pomponius Molo 23 viewsL. Pomponius Molo, 97 BCE Denarius (20 mm, 3.81 g, 6 h), Rome.
L.POMPON.MOLO Laureate head of Apollo to right.
NVMA POMPIL Numa standing before altar, sacrificing. Babelon (Pomponia) 6. Crawford 334/1. Sydenham 607.
1 commentsPMah
image00044NomosCaecilia.jpg
Cr 335/1b AR Denarius Caecilius / Postumius /Poblicius 12 viewsL. Caecilius Metellus, A. Postumius S.f. Albinus, C. Poblicius Malleolus, late 90s BCE (19 mm, 3.90 g, 10 h).
o: A-ALB.S.F / L. METEL Laureate head of Apollo to right; below neck, star
r: C.MALL / ROMA Roma seated left, crowned by Victory
Babelon (Caecilia) 46, (Poblicia) 3, (Postumia) 3. Crawford 335/1b. Sydenham 611a.
PMah
image00066Nomos.jpg
Cr 401/1 AR Denarius Mn. Aquillius Mn.f. Mn.n34 viewso: VIRTVS - III VIR Helmeted and draped bust of Virtus to right, with large head
r: MN F MN N / MN AQVIL / SICIL. Mn. Aquilius (Cos. 101) raising fallen Sicily
65 BCE  Denarius Serratus (19 mm, 3.82 g, 6 h), Rome.
Babelon (Aquilia) 2. Crawford 401/1. Sydenham 798. Toned and struck on a broad flan.
This coin is somewhat unintentionally ironic. The moneyer's honored grandfather was accused of fleecing the people of Sicily, when he was governor of the province after the slave revolts. He later managed to antagonize Mithridates VI of Pontus, leading to widespread slaughter of Romans in Asia.
As Wikipedia summarizes the aftermath: "Mithridates defeated Aquillius in 88 near Protostachium. Aquillius was attempting to make his way back to Italy and managed to make it to Lesbos, where he was delivered to Mithridates by the inhabitants of Mytilene. After being taken to the mainland, he was then placed on a donkey and paraded back to Pergamon. On the trip, he was forced to confess his supposed crimes against the peoples of Anatolia. Aquillius's father, the elder Manius Aquillius, was a former Roman governor of Pergamon and was hated for the egregious taxes that he imposed. It was generally thought that Manius Aquillius the younger would follow in the footsteps of his father as a tax profiteer and was hated by some of the local peoples."
Grandpa was thereafter killed by Mithridates by having molten gold poured down his throat.
2 commentsPMah
Macedon_DemPoliorketes_Newell_32_gf.jpg
Demetrios Poliorketes 306-285 BC. AR Tetradrachm of Tarsos5 viewsMacedon, Demetrios Poliorketes  306-285 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.84 gm) of Tarsos, 298-295 BC. Head of Herakles r., clad in lion skin headdress. In the name and types of Alexander III. / Zeus Aetophoros seated l., holding eagle and scepter. ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ. AI monogram inside circle to l.  VF.  CNG EA262 #57. Newell DP p. 48 #32 XXXV #71 (same dies, plate IV #1); HGC 3.1 #1010; Price 3083; Muller 1598; SNG Fitzwilliam 2300 (same dies). cf. Nomos 11 #69.Anaximander
domitian_nomos.jpg
Domitian, AD 81-9650 viewsAR Denarius, 19.58 mm (3.54 gm).

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V, laureate head right / IMP XI COS XII CENS P P P, Minerva advancing right, with spear and shield. Rome mint, struck AD 86.

RIC II.1, 425 (R); BMCRE II, 088; RSC II, 194.

3 commentssocalcoins
EB0004_scaled.JPG
EB0004 CAMPANIA18 viewsNeapolis, CAMPANIA (ITALY), AR Nomos/2 drm. , 325-241 BC
Obverse: head of Nymph
Reverse: man-headed bull
Diameter: 19mm, Weight: 6.698 g
EB
EB0005_scaled.JPG
EB0005 Neapolis, CAMPANIA21 viewsNeapolis, CAMPANIA (ITALY), AR 1/2 Nomos/drm., 325-241 BC
Obverse: head of Nymph L.
Reverse: man-headed bull R.
Diameter: 18mm, Weight: 3.092 g
EB
EB0006_scaled.JPG
EB0006 Nymph / Man-headed bull36 viewsNeapolis, CAMPANIA, AR Nomos/2 drm., 300-281 BC.
Obverse: Diademed head of nymph left, wearing earring and necklace.
Reverse: Man-headed bull walking left, crowned by Nike above flying left.
References: Cf. GROSE 269,3 (also see SNG ANS 350-381).
Diameter: 20mm, Weight: 7.312g.
3 commentsEB
EB0007_scaledb.JPG
EB0007 Youth on horseback / Taras on dolphin40 viewsTarentum, CALABRIA, AR Nomos, 281-272 BC.
Obverse: Naked youth on horseback right crowning himself; IΩ behind, ZAΛO and Ionic capital below.
Reverse: Taras astride dolphin, holding distaff and akrostolion; AN behind.
References: VLASTO 803, Evans VII, G1; SNG France 1924-25; Cote 420 and McGill II, 87-89.
Diameter: 20mm, Weight: 6.602g.
3 commentsEB
EB0010_scaledb.JPG
EB0010 Youth on horseback / Taras on dolphin35 viewsTarentum, CALABRIA, AR Nomos, 272-235 BC.
Obverse: Youth on horseback left crowning horse; ΦΙΛΩ/ΤΑΣ in two lines below, ΔΙ above.
Reverse: Taras on dolphin left, holding kantharos and distaff; cock behind.
References: VLASTO 847, SNG France 2009, SNG ANS 1176, Evans VIII, A11 and McGill II, 96.
Diameter: 20mm, Weight: 6.123g.
2 commentsEB
EB0011_scaled.JPG
EB0011 Leukippos / Barley21 viewsMetapontum, LUCANIA (ITALY), AR Nomos, 350-330 BC.
Obverse: Helmeted head of Leukippos right; lion's head behind.
Reverse: Barley ear with seven grains; leaf to left, club on leaf, [AMI beneath leaf].
references: Johnston B2, SNG ANS 432ff.
Diameter: 19.5mm, Weight: 7.526g.
1 commentsEB
EB1031_scaled.JPG
EB1031 Bull / Incuse Bull25 viewsGreek, Italy, Sybaris Nomos 550-510 BC.
Obverse: VM in exergue, bull standing left on dotted exergual line, head reverted.
Reverse: Incuse bull standing right on dotted exergual line, head reverted.
References: SNG Cop 1388; SNG ANS 828ff; Gorini pg. 10, 5-6.
Diameter: 28.5mm, Weight: 8.03g.
Ex: Miguel Munoz Collection.
2 commentsEB
Larissa_Head_BCD_Thessaly_II_316_.jpg
Facing Head of Larissa43 viewsThessaly Greece, the City of Larissa
Obv: Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly l., round curl to the l. of the head, wearing ampyx flanked by two hornlike locks, a pendant earring, and a simple necklace.
Rev: Horse crouching r., l. foreleg raised and bent (almost parallel with belly/ground), preparing to roll. ΛAPIΣ above horse and AIΩN in the exergue.
Denomination: Silver Drachm; Mint: Larissa; Date: c. 356 - 342 BC1; Weight: 5.920g; Diameter: 19.2mm; Die axis: 135º; References, for example: Lorber Hoard, pl. 3, 27 (same dies); BCD Thessaly I 11582; BCD Thessaly II 316; HGC 4 4543.

Notes:
1This is the date range stated in BCD Thessaly I. This coin appears to fall within Lorber’s Phase Late II or Phase Late III. See Lorber Hoard and Lorber 2008.
2The coin referenced in this auction catalogue is actually a silver stater, but in discussing the coin the catalogue states that the earliest Larissian staters “...bear the normal types of a drachm….”
3The picture of the coin in this reference does not show the foreleg raised and bent, but the entry does reference BCD Thessaly II, lots 312 - 320, which matches one of the references here.
The city of Larissa was named after the local water nymph, said to be the daughter of Pelasgos. He was said to be the ancestor of the pre-Greek Pelasgians. According to myth Larissa drowned while playing ball on the banks of the Peneios river. (HGC 4 p.. 130).

Provenance: from the BCD collection, with his tag noting "Thz. G/ni ex Thess., Apr. 94, SFr. 100.-"

Photo credits: Forum Ancient Coins

Sources

BCD Thessaly I: Nomos AG, Auction 4. Coins of Thessaly, the BCD Collection. (10 May 2011, Zurich).
BCD Thessaly II: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. The BCD Collection of the Coinage of Thessaly. Triton XV Auction. (3 January 2012, New York).
HGC: Hoover, Oliver D. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Greece: Achaia Phthiotis, Ainis, Magnesia, Malis, Oita, Perrhaibia, Thessaly, Akarnania, Aitolia, Lokris, Phokis, Boiotia, Euboia, Attica, Megaris, and Corinthia, Sixth to First Centuries BC, The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Vol. 4. Lancaster/London: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc, 2014.
Lorber Hoard: Lorber, Catharine C. “A Hoard of Facing Head Larissa Drachms” in Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau, vol. 79 (2000): 7 - 15.
Lorber, Catharine C. “Thessalian Hoards and the Coinage of Larissa” in American Journal of Numismatics, second series 20 (2008): 119 - 142.
1 commentsTracy Aiello
Larissa_Head_BCD_Thessaly_II_323_var.jpg
Facing Head of Larissa64 viewsThessaly Greece, the City of Larissa
Obv: Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly l., round curl to the l. of he head, wearing ampyx flanked by two hornlike locks, a pendant earring represented by three pellets in a vertical line, and a simple necklace.
Rev: Horse crouching r., l. foreleg raised and bent (almost parallel with belly/ground), preparing to roll, small plant (control mark) below. ΛAPIΣ above horse and AIΩN in the exergue.
Denomination: Silver Drachm; Mint: Larissa; Date: c. 356 - 342 BC1; Weight: 5.869g; Diameter: 18.3mm; Die axis: 0 º; References, for example: BMC Thessaly p. 30, 61; BCD Thessaly I 1156; BCD Thessaly II 323 var. [same obv. die, but no trident (control mark) below the horse pointing to the left].

Notes:
1This is the date range stated in BCD Thessaly I. This coin appears to fall within Lorber’s Phase Late II or Phase Late III. See Lorber Hoard and Lorber 2008.
The city of Larissa was named after the local water nymph, said to be the daughter of Pelasgos. He was said to be the ancestor of the pre-Greek Pelasgians. According to myth Larissa drowned while playing ball on the banks of the Peneios river. (HGC 4 p. 130).

Provenance: from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins.

Photo credits: Forum Ancient Coins

Sources

BCD Thessaly I: Nomos AG, Auction 4. Coins of Thessaly, the BCD Collection. (10 May 2011, Zurich).
BCD Thessaly II: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. The BCD Collection of the Coinage of Thessaly. Triton XV Auction. (3 January 2012, New York).
BMC Thessaly: Gardner, Percy. A Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thessaly to Aetolia. London, 1883.
HGC: Hoover, Oliver D. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Greece: Achaia Phthiotis, Ainis, Magnesia, Malis, Oita, Perrhaibia, Thessaly, Akarnania, Aitolia, Lokris, Phokis, Boiotia, Euboia, Attica, Megaris, and Corinthia, Sixth to First Centuries BC, The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Vol. 4. Lancaster/London: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc, 2014.
Lorber Hoard: Lorber, Catharine C. “A Hoard of Facing Head Larissa Drachms” in Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau, vol. 79 (2000): 7 - 15.
Lorber, Catharine C. “Thessalian Hoards and the Coinage of Larissa” in American Journal of Numismatics, second series 20 (2008): 119 - 142.

3 commentsTracy Aiello
Larissa_Head_BCD_Thessaly_II_283_.jpg
Facing Head of Larissa60 viewsThessaly Greece, the City of Larissa

Obv: Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly r., wearing ampyx, pendant earring, and wire necklace. Border of dots.
Rev: reverse horse crouching l., l. foreleg raised, preparing to roll and lie down. ΛAPI above horse and ΣAIΩN in the exergue.
Denomination: Silver Drachm; Mint: Larissa; Date: c. 380 - 365 BC1; Weight: 5.812g; Diameter: 20.8mm; Die axis: 90º; References, for example: BCD Thessaly I 1149; BCD Thessaly II 283; McClean 4623; HGC 4, 441; Lorber - Shahar, Middle Series 1 Type A (O1/R42

Notes:
1This is the date range stated in BCD Thessaly I.
2Unfortunately this website no longer functions and it will not be brought back up (Catharine Lorber, personal communication, September 7, 2018).
The city of Larissa was named after the local water nymph, said to be the daughter of Pelasgos. He was said to be the ancestor of the pre-Greek Pelasgians. According to myth Larissa drowned while playing ball on the banks of the Peneios river. (HGC 4 p. 130).

Photo credits: Forum Ancient Coins

Sources

BCD Thessaly I: Nomos AG, Auction 4. Coins of Thessaly, the BCD Collection. (10 May 2011, Zurich).
BCD Thessaly II: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. The BCD Collection of the Coinage of Thessaly. Triton XV Auction. (3 January 2012, New York).
HGC: Hoover, Oliver D. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Greece: Achaia Phthiotis, Ainis, Magnesia, Malis, Oita, Perrhaibia, Thessaly, Akarnania, Aitolia, Lokris, Phokis, Boiotia, Euboia, Attica, Megaris, and Corinthia, Sixth to First Centuries BC, The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Vol. 4. Lancaster/London: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc, 2014.
Lorber, Catharine and Shahar C. “The Silver Facing Head Coins of Larissa.” 2005. http://www.lightfigures.com/numismat/larissa/index.php. Note: this website no longer functions.
McClean: Grose, S. W. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins, Volume II The Greek Mainland, The Aegaean Islands, Crete. London: Cambridge University Press, 1926.
4 commentsTracy Aiello
935293~0.jpg
Greek, Ariobarzanes I Philoromaios. Cappadocian Kingdom. AR Drachm.287 viewsCirca 96-63 B.C. AR Drachm (17mm, 3.92g, 1h). Simmoneta 9a. Obverse diademed head of Ariobarzanes to right. Reverse BASILEUS ARIOBARZANOU PHILOROMAIOU Athena standing left, holding Nike and spear and shield; to left monogram; to right, A; in exergue, gamma. Extremely Fine, beautifully toned. Ex Nomos AG 6th Price List Sale, lot 44.
Ariobarzanes I, nicknamed Philoromaios or “Lover of Rome” in the literal sense but should be translated as “Friend of Rome,” was a client king of Cappadocia during Roman expansion and hegemony in Asia Minor. He was elected by his people with the backing of Lucius Cornelius Sulla. He was removed several times by either Mithradates IV of Pontus or Tigranes II of Armenia but reinstated by the Roman Senate each time. He eventually abdicated and was replaced by his son, Ariobarzanes II.

The detail and artistry is surprisingly elegant on this small coin with a diameter of only 17mm. It is a masterpiece of miniature numismatic portraiture: most of Ariobarzanes’ coins are of inferior quality and finding one with fine portraiture of good style, such as this, is rarely encountered.

2 commentsJason T
FotorCreated~110.jpg
GREEK, Bruttium, Kroton, AR Nomos circa 530-500 BC 28.5mm 7.81 g 12h81 viewsTripod legs terminating in lions feet,serpents rising from bowl,KOPPA-PO to left.Rev incuse tripod as obverse.
It is believed by some that the Greek mathematician Pythagoras invented the relief-incuse design.
EX CNG Triton 19 lot 26
Grant H
calabr_tar.JPG
Greek, Calabria, Tarentum AR nomos (c. 272-240 BC)158 viewso/ Youth on horseback right; behind, Nike flying right, crowning him.
r/ Phalanthos astride dolphin left, holding grain ear and ornate trident; monogram behind.
6.1g. 19mm
Vlasto 911 This coin
2 commentsAugustin Caron
D0814.jpg
GREEK, Calabria, Tarentum, Nomos60 viewsCalabria, Tarentum
290 – 281 BCE
AR Nomos – 7.81 gms

Obv: Nude ephebus on horse rearing r., spearing downward with right hand and holding round shield and two spare javelins in left, ΣA under horse
Rev: TAPAΣ, Taras riding dolphin left, extending right hand and holding distaff in left, pellet in l. field, prow left below

SNG ANS 985-6, Vlasto 586-7
4 commentsdlyumkis
Vlasto_410~0.jpg
Greek, CALABRIA. Taras. Circa 365-355 BC. AR Nomos. Fischer-Bossert 564b (this coin)109 viewsYouthful nude jockey riding horse standing right; to right, bearded herm left; below horse, TH. Rev. TAΡ[AΣ] Phalantos, with wild flowing hair, riding dolphin left, holding oinochoe in right hand. Fischer-Bossert 564b (this coin). Vlasto 410 (same obverse die). Beautifully toned and of fine style. Minor areas of flatness, otherwise, good very fine.

From the Prof. Langlotz Collection, Auctiones AG 23, 17-18 June 1993, 185.

This is a particularly charming depiction of the hero Phalanthos, with wild waving hair and an impish smile, indicating how much he is enjoying the dolphin ride.
3 commentsLeo
Vlasto_140~0.jpg
Greek, Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto #14064 viewsCALABRIA, Taras. Circa 470-465 BC. AR Nomos
18.5mm, 8.05 g, 7h
Taras, nude, raising left hand and supporting himself with his right, riding dolphin right; TARAS (retrograde) to left, scallop shell below / Head of nymph (Satyra?) left in linear circle within concave incuse. Fischer-Bossert Group 5, 91b (V41/R60) = Vlasto 140 (this coin, illustrated in both references); HN Italy 838; Berlin 65 (same dies). VF, old cabinet tone, a few marks.

From the Gasvoda Collection. Ex M. L. Collection of Coins of Magna Graecia and Sicily (Numismatica Ars Classica 82, 20 May 2015), lot 4; A. D. Moretti Collection; Classical Numismatic Group 40 (with Numismatica Ars Classica, 4 December 1996), lot 575; Hess-Leu [11] (24 March 1959), lot 5; Kricheldorf IV (7 October 1957), lot 26; Münzen und Medaillen AG VIII (8 December 1949), lot 696; Michel Pandely Vlasto Collection; Maddalena Collection (Sambon & Canessa, 7 May 1903), lot 244.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto-915~1.jpg
Greek, Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto #915117 viewsTaras 272-240 BC Nomos
Calabria, Tarentum; c. 272-240 BC, Nomos, 6.51g(new standard of weight compared with the old 7.5g). HN Italy-1043, Vlasto-915 (this coin).

Obv: Naked boy crowned by Victory flying behind him, on horse standing r. with raised l. foreleg; Greek ethnic below horse (not evident), EY in r. field.
Rx: Taras on dolphin r., holding cornucopia and trident whose head is visible behind his neck; TAPAΣ below, monogram in l. field (expanded by Vlasto to IΩΠY).
Ex Künker 193, 26 September 2011, lot 23. G&M 190, 11 October 2011, lot 15. From the M.P. Vlasto Collection. Extremely well struck reverse with beautiful detail EF.

I appreciate to have this coin. It is from M.P. Vlasto collection.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_938~0.jpg
Greek, Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto #938155 viewsCalabria, Taras. From Sir Arthur Evans Collection
c. 240-228 BC. AR Nomos, 6.39g (10h). Obv: Naked youth riding horse at full gallop right, holding torch behind him; in field to left monogram HPAK; below, ΔΑΙΜΑΧΟC. Rx: ΤΑ - ΡΑC in field under Taras astride dolphin left holding trident in left hand and kantharos in right; in field to right, monogram ANΔPE. Vlasto 938 (this coin). Evans, Tarentum (1889), p. 194, pl. X. 1 (this coin). Ex Vlasto Coll. 938, pl. XXX. From the Sir Arthur Evans Collection.
3 commentsLeo
Vlasto_437_(these_dies)~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Calabria , Taras (c.380-340 B.C.), Silver Nomos125 views7.65g.
Obv:Naked ephebos, holding a small round shield and a lance, vaulting from a cantering horse left, ├ below horse.
Rev: TAPAΣ , Taras as an ephebos seated astride dolphin to left, holding a Corinthian helmet in his right hand and leaning on the back of the dolphin with his left, I and waves below (Fischer-Bossert 657 (V252/R509); Vlasto 437 (these dies); SNG ANS 929 (these dies); SNG Lloyd 169). An almost invisible metal-flaw on reverse, of charming style, attractively toned, about extremely fine.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_883~1.jpg
Greek, Italy, Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. Circa 281-240 BC.6 views6.50g, 20mm, 2h.
Nikokra- and N-, magistrates. Nude horseman galloping right, brandishing spear in right hand, shield and two spears on left arm; N behind, NIKO-KΡA in two lines below.
Taras, nude, astride dolphin to right, holding crested helmet with both hands; TAΡAΣ behind, Ionic capital below.
Vlasto 883; SNG ANS 1203.

Good Extremely Fine; attractive old cabinet tone. Very Rare.
Leo
Vlasto_701~0.jpg
Greek, Italy, Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. Circa 281-270 BC.9 views7.85g, 23mm, 6h.
Rider dismounting from horse left, holding spear and shield; EY in right field, [NIK]ΩΝ below horse
Taras seated astride dolphin left, holding barley ear in right hand and resting left on dolphin's back; API before, TAPAΣ behind, spearhead below.
Vlasto 701-3; HN Italy 969; SNG ANS 1078.

Extremely Fine; lustrous metal.
1 commentsLeo
normal_Vlasto_379ff~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. Circa 390-385 BC.15 views6.98g, 23mm, 8h.
Nude warrior on horseback left, holding reins in right hand, small round shield on left arm; A below / Taras astride dolphin left; P and ΤΑΡΑΣ below. Vlasto 379ff; HN Italy 869; SNG ANS 900.
Good Fine.
Leo
Vlasto_255~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras Oecist Stater128 viewsCalabria, Taras
425-415 BC, Nomos, 7.99g. Fischer-Bossert-279 (V127/R212), Vlasto-255.
Obv: Phalantos naked and ithyphallic riding dolphin left; extending right hand and holding cuttlefish in left hand.
Rx: Oecist naked to waist, seated left on stool and balancing distaff on right hand, a lekythos on his left wrist.

Ex Gemini XII, 11 January 2015, lot 13. Ex NAC 10, 9 April 1997, lot 17. Ex M&M Basel 10, 1951, lot 161. With interesting and unusual types: Phalantos holds cuttlefish on obverse, while on reverse Taras(or Oecist?) is shown seated rather than on horseback. Nicely centered and well struck, except for Phalantos' head on obverse; rare; beautifully toned. EF
3 commentsLeo
Vlasto_634-47~0.jpg
GREEK, ITALY, CALABRIA, Taras, AR Nomos107 viewsCirca 315-302 BC. AR Nomos (21mm, 8.04 g, 11h).

Warrior, preparing to cast spear held aloft in right hand, holding two spears and shield with left hand, on horse rearing right; Ξ to left, API below / Phalanthos, nude, holding kantharos in extended right hand and cradling oar in left arm, riding dolphin left; KΛ to left, TAPAΣ to right. Fischer-Bossert Group 74a, 914 (V357/R709); Vlasto 638; HN Italy 939; SNG ANS 1016 (same obv. die); SNG Lloyd –; BMC 208 (same dies); Pozzi 123 (same obv. die). Very rare in this quality. Excellent style. Beautiful patina. Extremely fine.
Ex Hess-Divo 329 (17 November 2015), lot 6; Leu 91 (10 May 2004), lot 15.

The obverse of this nomos depicts an example of the mercenary cavalrymen for which Taras became famous in the Hellenistic period. The Tarentine cavalryman is believed to have been the first mounted warrior of the Greek world to carry a shield. This novelty made him popular in the armies of Hellenistic kings and led to the training of cavalrymen in the Tarentine style.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto-915.jpg
Greek, Italy, Calabria, Taras. 272-240 BC Nomos72 viewsCalabria, Tarentum; c. 272-240 BC, Nomos, 6.51g. HN Italy-1043, Vlasto-915 (this coin).

Obv: Naked boy crowned by Victory flying behind him, on horse standing r. with raised l. foreleg; Greek ethnic below horse (not evident), EY in r. field.
Rx: Taras on dolphin r., holding cornucopia and trident whose head is visible behind his neck; TAPAΣ below, monogram in l. field (expanded by Vlasto to IΩΠY). Ex Künker 193, 26 September 2011, lot 23. G&M 190, 11 October 2011, lot 15. From the M.P. Vlasto Collection. Extremely well struck reverse with beautiful detail EF.
Leo
Vlasto_941~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, CALABRIA, Taras. AR Nomos. Circa 240-228 BC.43 views6.56g, 21mm, 11 h
Zopyrion, magistrate. Nude youth on horseback to right, ΖΩΠΥΡΙΩΝ below; below forelegs, ΣΩ above bukranion / Taras astride dolphin to left, holding hippocamp in extended right hand, trident against left arm; monogram and mask of Silenos right, TAPAΣ below. Vlasto 941; HN Italy 1054.
Extremely Fine; a beautiful reverse composition. Very Rare.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_320~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, CALABRIA, Taras. AR Nomos. Circa 415-405 BC.41 views22mm, 7.88 g, 9h
Nude rider seated right on horse, which he crowns; kerykeion to right, ΛA in exergue / Phalanthos, nude, extending his hand, riding dolphin right.
Fischer-Bossert Group 21, 297 (V134/R229); Vlasto 320–1 (same dies); HN Italy 851; SNG Copenhagen 803 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 150 (same dies); SNG Lockett 351 (same dies); Hirsch 190 (same dies); Dewing 137 (same dies).
Even light gray tone, with iridescence around the devices, a few marks under tone on obverse, light scuffs under tone and die flaw on reverse. Near EF. Very rare.

From the Matthew Curtis Collection. Ex William N. Rudman Collection (Triton V, 15 January 2002), lot 1040.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_704~0.jpg
GREEK, ITALY, CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 280 BC. AR Nomos113 views(22.5mm, 7.74 g, 1h).
Youth on horse galloping right; EY to left, NIKOΔAMO[Σ] below / Phalanthos, holding kantharos and distaff, riding dolphin left; ZOP and gazelle below. Vlasto 704; cf. HN Italy 970/958. Near EF, deep iridescent tone, a hint of porosity. Well centered on a broad flan.
3 commentsLeo
Vlasto_140~1.jpg
GREEK, Italy, CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 470-465 BC. AR Nomos40 views18.5mm, 8.05 g, 7h
Taras, nude, raising left hand and supporting himself with his right, riding dolphin right; TARAS (retrograde) to left, scallop shell below / Head of nymph (Satyra?) left in linear circle within concave incuse. Fischer-Bossert Group 5, 91b (V41/R60) = Vlasto 140 (this coin, illustrated in both references); HN Italy 838; Berlin 65 (same dies). VF, old cabinet tone, a few marks.

From the Gasvoda Collection. Ex M. L. Collection of Coins of Magna Graecia and Sicily (Numismatica Ars Classica 82, 20 May 2015), lot 4; A. D. Moretti Collection; Classical Numismatic Group 40 (with Numismatica Ars Classica, 4 December 1996), lot 575; Hess-Leu [11] (24 March 1959), lot 5; Kricheldorf IV (7 October 1957), lot 26; Münzen und Medaillen AG VIII (8 December 1949), lot 696; Michel Pandely Vlasto Collection; Maddalena Collection (Sambon & Canessa, 7 May 1903), lot 244.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_68(2).jpg
GREEK, ITALY, CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 510-500 BC. AR Incuse Nomos37 views8,03 g; 24 mm; 11 h
Phalanthos riding dolphin right, extending left arm, holding dolphin with right hand; crowning Nike to left; shell below
Rv. Incuse of obverse, but ethnic in relief.
HNItaly 826; Vlasto 68. The first issue of Tarentine coinage. Very rare. Lightly toned and in fine archaic style, extremely fine. According to Vlasto, it is the last type of the Tarentine incuse series.

I got this great piece from an auction last fall and it was the most important acquisition for me.
This Taras incuse stater is more compact and thicker than Kaulonia and Sybaris incuse staters. It was double (or triple) striked and the details were hard to detect. We can found slight trace on the Taras’s head and his left hand. I believe this is the reason that the pattern looks very sharp while the high points (such as dolphin’s eyes and tail ) are flat.
Leo
Vlasto_984~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras. Time of Hannibal, c. 212-209 BC. Nomos21 views3.98g. (5h). Obv: Naked youth on horseback right, holding reins and carrying filleted palm; ΣΩKAN - NAΣ below. Rx: Taras astride dolphin left, holding aphlaston in extended right hand, cradling trident in left arm; eagle standing with wings spread behind; TAPAΣ below. Vlasto 984. HN Italy 1082. SNG ANS 1272. Perfectly struck; Mint State.
Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 130, 6 January 2003, lot 81.
Hannibal used the region around Tarentum and Metapontum as winter quarters during his occupation of southern Italy. He installed his own magistrates and struck coinage based on the Punic half shekel standard.
Leo
Vlasto_976.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras. Time of Hannibal, c. 212-209 BC. Nomos32 views3.34 gm. Magistrate Sogenes. Nude youth on horseback left, crowning horse with wreath; IΩ to right, ΣΩΓENHΣ below / Taras astride dolphin left, holding cornucopia and Nike, who crowns him with wreath. Vlasto 975-7. HN Italy 1079. Struck on a broad flan and attractively toned. Extremely Rare.
The climax of the Carthaginian invasion of Italy was reached when Tarentum changed sides in 212 BC. The takeover of the city was a carefully planned coup by Hannibal and members of the city's democratic faction who opened the gates to Hannibal's army. The Carthaginians failed to take the citadel, but subsequent fortifications around this enemy stronghold enabled the city to remain under Punic control. Hannibal installed his own magistrates and struck coinage based on the Punic half shekel standard.
1 commentsLeo
98000313.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Tarentum, AR Nomos, 23mm 7.87g 1h166 viewsNude youth on horseback right holding rein in left hand,Crowning horse with wreath held in right hand .To left Nike flying right placing fillet on head of youth,AP below.Rev Phalanthos nude riding sideways on dolphin right head turned slightly left spearing cuttlefish below with trident held in right hand,Kto left,TAPAE to right,all encircled by waves.This coin was just in the November issues of coin world 2016 page112 by David Vagi.Fisher -Bossert group 54,717 v26-r561 Vlasto 501,HN Italy 886 SNG COP 822 same obv die.Struck from artistic dies on a broad flan and very rare issue only ten examples noted by Fisher Bossert of which four are in museums Berlin 2, Copenhagen, London3 commentsGrant H
normal_Fischer-Bossert-1138~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, CALABRIA. Taras. 332-302 BC. AR nomos19 views7.90g. Obv: Naked youth on horseback r., crowning horse, AΠH below. Rx: ΤΑΡΑΣ Nude Taras astride dolphin l., holding out kantharos in r. hand, Φ behind.
Fischer-Bossert-1138 (V422/r880), Group 81.
Rare, fewer than ten recorded. Not in Vlasto or Evans. Near Mint State
Leo
Vlasto_319~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, CALABRIA. Taras. 425-380 BC. AR nomos19 views6.26 gm
Nude ephebe cantering left, holding bridle with both hands, ΛΕ (retrograde) beneath horse / TARAS, dolphin rider right, wielding trident and pointing with left hand.
HN Italy 850. Vlasto 319 (same dies).
Porous. Edge bump (8:00 obverse) and reverse scratches. Good very fine
Leo
+Velia~0.jpg
GREEK, ITALY, LUCANIA, Velia - AR nomos181 views334-300 BC
Head of Athena left, wearing a crested Phrygian helmet decorated with a centaur
(KE) monogram of Kleudoros
Lion standing left devouring prey
A / Φ
YEΛHTΩN (unreadable)
Williams 328 (O174/R244); HN Italy 1294; SNG ANS 1337
7,19g
2 commentsJohny SYSEL
01039AB.jpg
GREEK, ITALY, LUCANIA, Velia, 300-280 BC 205 viewsDidrachm, 7.51 g

O - Head of Athena to right, wearing Attic helmet adorned with a wing.
R - ΥΕΛΗΤΩΝ /Φ Ι / Π Lion walking to right; above, ear of wheat.

HN III 1309. Williams 470-489.

Provenance:
Ex Rauch 86, 2 May 2010, Lot 103
Ex Nomos, Auction 5, Lot 107, 25 October 2011
3 commentsrobertpe
normal_Williams_394~0.jpg
Greek, Italy, LUCANIA, Velia. Circa 300-280 BC. AR Nomos43 views22mm, 7.46 g, 11h
Philistion Group. Helmeted head of Athena right, griffin on bowl / Lion standing right; die erasure below. Williams 394 (O197/R278); HN Italy 1301; SNG ANS 1397; SNG Ashmolean 1392; BMC 110; McClean 1470 (all from the same dies). VF, toned.
Ex Seaby Coin & Medal Bulletin 818 (March 1987), no. B34.
3 commentsLeo
Sybaris-both-web~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Sybaris Nomos 540-520 BC Gillette Collection488 viewsNomos circa 540-520, AR 7.82 g. 31mm Bull standing l. on dotted bar, head reverted; in exergue, VM. The whole within dotted border. Rev. Same type incuse on broken bar, without legend. The whole within radiate border. Historia Numorum Italy 1729. Cf. SNG Copenhagen 1388.

Gorini 1 and enlarged p. 107 (this coin).

An extremely rare variety. Nicely toned and good very fine
Ex Triton sale 1, 1998, 121. Barry Fierstein Collection. From the Gillette collection 1924

NAC 39 Lot 5 May 17th, 2007


Sybaris (Greek: Σύβαρις; Italian: Sibari) was a celebrated city of Magna Graecia on the western shore Gulf of Taranto, a short distance from the sea, between the rivers Crathis (Crati) and Sybaris (Coscile). The last of these, from which it derived its name, at the present day falls into the Crati about 5 km from its mouth, but in ancient times undoubtedly pursued an independent course to the sea. Sybaris was apparently the earliest of all the Greek colonies in this part of Italy, being founded, according to the statement of Scymnus Chius, as early as 720 BCE. The site is located within the limits of the present-day comune of Cassano allo Ionio, in the province of Cosenza (Calabria), Italy.

Sybaris was Italy’s most prosperous Achaean colony. Sybaris was destroyed in 510 BC by Croton which exiled the colonists. The Athenians and Sybarite descendants established themselves in a joint colony, New Sybaris, in 443. Eventually, making themselves unpopular, the Sybarites were expelled and the remaining colonists refounded their city near the spring of Thuria.

The word Sybaritic has become a byword meaning extreme luxury and a seeking for pleasure and comfort
4 comments4to2CentBCphilia
D0957_(Sayles_and_Lavender).jpg
GREEK, Lucania, Metapontum, Stater86 viewsLucania, Metapontion
340 – 330 BCE
AR Nomos – 7.89 gms
Metapontum mint

Obv: Helmeted head of Leukippos right, dog seated behind, S below neck
Rev: META, barley ear, leaf to right, bird above [AMI] below

Johnston Class B, 3.2; SNG ANS 444; HN Italy 1576

ex. Sayles and Lavender (Thanks!)
7 commentsdlyumkis
BeFunky_Collage~1.jpg
Greek, Sicily, Gela, AR Tetradrachm circa 450 - 440 BC 25mm 1723g 9h. Jenkins the coinage of Gela 342.4101 viewsQuadriga driven slowly to right by a bearded charioteer, above Nike flying right to crown the horses,in exergue palmettte with tendrils. Rev forepart of man-headed bull,the river god Gelas right.
ex Nomos auction 14 lot 50 5-17-17, ex The Stoecklin collection bought from bank Leu.ex Munzen und Medaillen auction X, 22 June 1951, lot 192, ex V.J.E. Ryan sold by Glendinings November 24th 1950 lot 1499a.
3 commentsGrant H
1695__nomos_3.jpg
hierapolis0002a1 viewsSemi-autonomous AD 218-222 (Time of Elagabalus)
Hierapolis, Phrygia

Obv: ΛΑΙΡ-ΒΗΝΟϹ, Radiate and draped bust of Apollo Lairbenos to right.
Rev: . ΙEΡΑΠΟΛEΙΤΩΝ →ΝEΩΚΟΡ/ΩΝ, She-wolf to left, looking back and feeding twins Romulus and Remus.
24 mm, 6.01 gms

RPC VI online, 5472; SNG von Aulock 3628; Nomos, Obolos Web Auction 13, Lot 549 (this coin).
Charles M
Sicily_Himera_SNG-ANS4_155_gf.jpg
Himera. Tyranny of Theron & Thrasydaios13 viewsSicily, Himera. 480-470 BC. AR Didrachm (8.79 gm). Cock standing l. HIMERA to l. / Crab.  nEF.  Westermark & Jenkins Himera #4; SNG ANS 4 #155ff; SNG Cop 1 #302-303; SNG Lloyd 1011-1012; BMC 2 24; ACNAC: Dewing 613-614, Rosen 55; HGC 2 #438. cf. Nomos 1 #20 (same dies).
Theron of Akragas and Gelon of Syracuse defeated Carthage in the Battle of Himera in 480 BC. Theron deposed the local tyrant of Himera and ruled over the city. The pairing of the crowing rooster on the obverse (Himera’s name means ‘day break’) and the crab of Akragas on the reverse aptly captures this political situation. Theron's son, Thrasydaios, succeeded him as tyrant in 472 BC, but Thrasydaios was defeated in battle by Hieron of Syracuse in 470 BC. The Carthaginians had their revenge in 408 BC when Himera was utterly destroyed.
1 commentsAnaximander
Ionia_Teos_SNG-Cop1437.jpg
Ionia, Teos9 viewsIonia, Teos. c. 440-420 BC. AR Stater (11.75 gm). Griffin with curled wing standing r., forepaw raised, swan before, stdg on leaf and tongue exergual line (or egg-and-dart frieze). / Quadripartite incuse punch. gVF.  Pegasi VI #174. SNG Cop 1437; Balcer (1968) Group V pg 41 #101; Boston BMFA 1939; Matzke Group Cb1. cf. Nomos 6 #92. Christian T
6330_6331.jpg
Julia Domna, Denarius, VESTA9 viewsAR Denarius
Julia Domna
Born circa 170 AD - Died 217AD
Augusta: 193 - 217AD
Issued: 211 - 217AD
19.0mm 3.09gr 1h
O: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG; Draped bust, right.
R: VESTA; Vesta, veiled, seated left on backless throne, holding simpulum in her right hand and scepter in her left.
Rome Mint
RIC Caracalla 391; Cohen 226; BMC 31.
Aorta: 215: B6, O6, R103, T129, M4.
Toned VF
Ex. W.F. Stoecklin Collection, Amriswil, Switzerland; purchased prior to 1975.
Nomos AG Auction: Obolos 9, Lot 344.
3/25/18 4/8/18
Nicholas Z
caulo2.jpg
Kaulonia Stater52 viewsBruttium, Caulonia 525-500 BC Statère 7,50g
A/ Apollon deb. à droite tenant à la main dr. une palme et portant sur le bras g. une petite figure nue courant à dr. portant deux rameaux, à dr. un cerf debout à dr. regardant en arrière, le tout dans un cercle orné.
R/ même type incus à g. dans un cercle strillé
Noe "The coinage of Caulonia" ANS NS 9 (New-York, 1958) group A, 6g (this coin) plate XVII
SNG ANS 143 (these dies). Historia Numorum Italy 2035.
From the "South Italian Hoard" IGCH 1888 (Taranto, 1929)
ex NAC 33 (2006) lot 45
Brennos
Ariobarzanes.jpg
Kings of Cappadocia. Ariobarzanes I Philoromaios. AR Drachma.58 viewsCirca 96-63 B.C. AR Drachm (17mm, 3.92g, 1h). Simmoneta-9a. Obverse diademed head of Ariobarzanes to right. Reverse BASILEUS ARIOBARZANOU PHILOROMAIOU Athena standing left, holding Nike and spear and shield; to left monogram; to right, A; in exergue, gamma. Extremely Fine, beautifully toned.

Ex Nomos AG 6th Price List Sale, lot 44.

Ariobarzanes I (nicknamed Philoromaios or “Lover of Rome” in the literal sense but should be properly translated as “Friend of Rome”) was a client king of Cappadocia during Roman expansion and hegemony in Asia Minor. He was elected by his people with the backing of Lucius Cornelius Sulla. He was removed several times by either Mithradates IV of Pontus or Tigranes II of Armenia but reinstated by the Roman Senate each time. He eventually abdicated and was replaced by his son, Ariobarzanes II.

The detail and artistry is surprisingly elegant on this small coin with a diameter of only 17mm. It is a masterpiece of miniature numismatic portraiture: most of Ariobarzanes’ coins are of inferior quality and finding one with fine portraiture of good style, such as this, is rarely encountered.
3 commentsJason T
Sardes.jpg
Kings of Macedon. Philip III Arrhidaios, (Circa 322-318 BC)24 viewsAR Drachm

17 mm, 4.20 g

Sardes mint under Philip III Arrhidaios (323-317 BC) in the types of Alexander III

Obverse: Head of Herakles to right, wearing lion skin headdress.

Reverse: ΦIΛIΠΠΟΥ (FILIPPOU) Zeus seated left on throne, holding eagle in his right hand and scepter in his left; to left, bee; below throne, A.

Price P104

This coin is a die match for Nomos Web Auction 6, Lot 330, 11/20/2016 (https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=3481680)

Subsequent to his death in 323 BC, Alexander the Great's sister, Cleopatra, traveled to Sardes (Autumn 322 BC) to lure a husband from among her brother's former generals (who had already begun warring over Alexander's empire). Over the course of the next two years she was visited twice by Alexander's former secretary and now dashing outlaw general, Eumenes of Cardia. The first time Eumenes brought an offer of marriage from the general Perdiccas, who Cleopatra turned away (rightfully, it turned out, as he was killed by his own troops after failing in battle vs. Ptolemy in Egypt). The second time (320 BC) Eumenes offered to ally with Cleopatra to combine his military might and her royal legitimacy.(This was not an offer of marriage, as Eumenes was not Macedonian.) To impress the princess, Eumenes paraded his cavalry back and forth before Sardes. But Cleopatra, though she granted Eumenes an audience, was not willing to become his partisan. Throughout the wars that followed Cleopatra never married or even left Sardes, where she remained as a veritable damsel in the tower keep until her death by assassination in 308 BC.
Nathan P
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Kleudoros Group, AR Nomos.15 viewsVelia 334-300 B.C. 6.55g - 20.7mm, Axis 9h.

Obv: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Phrygian helmet decorated with a centaur; KE monogram behind neck.

Rev: YEΛHTΩN - Lion feeding left, Φ below. YEΛHTΩN in ex.

William 343 (O178/R250); SNG ANS 1341 (same dies); HN Italy 1296.
scarli
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Kroton Stater65 viewsBruttium, Kroton 530-500 BC Statère 6,43g
A/ QPO. Trépied delphien ; grènetis circulaire.
R/ même type incus à g. dans un cercle strillé
HN Italy 2075, SNG ANS 231 (same obv. die)
ex Dr. W Schink Collection and Ars Classica XV (2 July 1930), lot 230
2 commentsBrennos
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Kroton Stater35 viewsBruttium, Kroton 530-500 BC Statère 7,18g
A/ QPO - TON. Trépied delphien ; grènetis circulaire.
R/ même type incus dans un cercle strillé
HN Italy 2075, SNG ANS 235 (same obv. die)
Brennos
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Lucania Metapontum AR Nomos circa 470-440 BC 20mm7.77g 12 h30 viewsFive grained ear of barley with small additional terminal grains,to left rams head upward.Rev six grained ear of barley incuse,die break.
small dumpy flan
Grant H
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Lucania Metapontum AR Nomos circa540-510 BC 26.5mm 8.06g 12h60 viewsBarley ear of eight grains,MET to left downwards.Rev incuse ear of barley with eight grains.
One of the early dies of this famous coinage.
1 commentsGrant H
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Lucania Metapontum AR Nomos circa540-510 BC 29mm 8.05g 12h37 viewsEar of barley with eight grains,MET downwards to left.Rev ear of barley with eight grains incuse.Of Pythagoras style.
Of thin spread fabric.
Grant H
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Lucania, Heraclea. Circa 334-330 BC. AR Nomos51 views7.46 g, 7h
Obv: Helmeted head of Athena
Rx: Herakles standing facing holding lion skin and bow in left arm, club in right, being crowned by Nike
VF, struck with worn obverse die. beautiful style.
Van Keuren 83; HN Italy 1384v jug to rt.
Ex Frank Robinson 2012
2 commentsLeo
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Lucania, Herakleia AR Nomos, 340-330 BC3 viewsLucania, Herakleia AR Nomos, 340-330 BC.

Obverse: helmeted head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmeted decorated with Skylla
hurling stone.

Reverse: HRAKLHIWN, Herakles standing half left, head right, naked,
holding bow and resting on club, lionskin over left arm,owl in left field.

22mm
Macedonian Warrior
Lucania_Herakleia_SNG-ANS74.jpg
Lucania, Herakleia.16 viewsLucania, Herakleia. 330-325 BC. AR Nomos (7.77 gm). Head of Athena r., wearing crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with Scylla. K in l. field. / Herakles stdg, holding club, bow, and arrow, lion skin draped over arm; oinoechoe & AΘA to l., ͰHPAKΛHIΩN to r., a type alluding to defeat of barbarians by Alexander the Molossian. nEF. CNG 102 #38. SNG ANS 74-76; HN Italy 1384; HGC 1 981 var (Corinthian helmet, obv. legend). F.Work 84; SNG Cop 1106; SNG Lewis 159-161; Van Keuren 83-86.Christian T
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Lucania, Herakleia.23 viewsLucania, Herakleia. 420-390 BC. AR Nomos (7.34 gm). Head of Athena r., wearing crested Attic helmet ornamented with Scylla, A behind. APIΣΤΟΞΕNOΣ in minute letters at base of crest. Light circular bankers mark to r. / Herakles strangling the Nemean lion, club to l. A and minute sideways Σ at ankle, HPAKΛEIΩN to r., APIΣΤΟΞΕ on exergue line (remnant visible). VF. Pegasi 136 #17. SNG ANS 55; HN Italy 1374; HGC 1 977. Jameson 234; SNG Lloyd 271; E.Work 20/Rᵪ15.Christian T
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LUCANIA, Metapontion28 viewsLUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 400-340 BC. AR Nomos (7.76 g, 9h). Head of Demeter left / Barley ear of seven grains with leaf to right; ivy leaf above leaf. Noe 521; HN Italy 1545. Near VF, lightly toned, struck from worn obverse die, a few scratches. Rare, Noe records only 2 examples.

From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection.

Ex-CNG(120)

ecoli
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LUCANIA, Metapontion24 viewsLUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 470-440 BC. AR Nomos (19mm, 7.33 g, 12h). Barley ear; to left, ram’s head upward; cable border / Incuse barley ear. Noe 220 (same dies); HN Italy 1485. Fine, a bit porous and rough.

From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Malter 76 (15 April 2000), lot 17.

Ex-CNG
ecoli
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Lucania, Metapontion (400-340 BC)24 viewsAR Nomos

19mm, 7.48g

Obverse: Head of Leucippus with Corinthian helmet, behind grape

Reverse: Barley ear with side leaf and META to right.

Johnston A4.3 (av., Stgl.), HN Italy 1553.

Metapontion traced its founding to the 7th century BC, when an Achaean adventurer named Leucippus and his followers put down roots on a fertile plain on the instep of the Italian boot. The city so flourished that its people were said to have dedicated a "golden harvest," probably a golden sheaf of barley, at the great temple of Delphi.

Metapontion was among the first cities of Magna Graecia to issue coinage, and indeed long preceded its later rival Tarentum in this respect. The choice of the barley ear as the civic emblem is unusual in that the other cities of Magna Graecia all struck coinage displaying types relating to their foundation myths or principal cults. Metapontion's choice may well reflect a significant economic reliance on its major export.
Nathan P
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Lucania, Metapontion (Circa 330-290 BC)35 viewsAR Nomos

7.85g, 19mm

Obv: Head of Demeter left, wearing grain wreath.

Rev: META. Barley grain, with ear to left; above leaf, griffin springing right; ΛY below leaf.

Johnston Class C6; HN Italy 1589.

Throughout the extensive series of staters that Metapontum issued, the ear of barley, to which the city-state owed its wealth, features prominently. Perhaps of most interest however, is the head of Demeter, the goddess of corn, which usually appears on the obverse of the staters. The head of Demeter is consistently represented as a young woman, often engraved in exquisite beauty to a very high degree of artistry.
1 commentsNathan P
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Lucania, Metapontion (Circa 540-510 BC).38 viewsAR Nomos

28 mm, 7.82 g

Obv: META.
Barley ear.
Rev: Incuse barley ear.

Noe Class VI; HN Italy 1479.

Metaponion's neighbor, Sybaris, given its preeminence in the region, was most likely the originator of the incuse fabric. It seems to have been a spontaneous invention and to have been evolved without any evolutionary development. Of interest is that these coins have seldom or never been found in hoards unearthed outside Italy. This carries the suggestion that the consideration of preventing the export of money and, consequently, of restricting its circulation to South Italy must have been prominent in the minds of those responsible for originating the form. These incuse pieces are also rarely found overstruck and are significantly more difficult to counterfeit.
4 commentsNathan P
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Lucania, Metapontion c. 500 BC83 viewsAR nomos, 20mm, 7.97g, gVF, 15 deg
META (retrograde), barley ear / incused barley ear
Ex: ADM Collection
Noe-Johnston 235 (this coin), HN 1484
Consigned to Freeman and Sear
1 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
Lucania_Metapontion_SNG-ANS467ff.jpg
Lucania, Metapontion.41 viewsLucania, Metapontion. 330-290 BC. AR Nomos (7.89 gm). Head of Demeter r., with long heair, wearing wreath of grain, earrings and necklace, ΔΑΙ under chin. / Ear of grain, leaf to r. w/ plow above, META to l. MAX to r. gVF. CNG 45 #49. SNG ANS 467ff; SNG Cop 1227; HN Italy 1581; Johnson Class 1. 62 (same dies "unusual reverse signature"); SNG GB I Newnham Davis 22, III Lockett 425, VI Fitzwilliam 187, VII Manchester 210-211.1 commentsChristian T
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Lucania, Metapontion.17 viewsLucania, Metapontion. 540-510 BC. AR Nomos (7.84 gm). Ear of wheat with 6 grains, ME[TA] r. / Incuse ear of wheat with 9 grains. VF. Bt. Coral Gables, 2000. SNG ANS 190–191; Noe Class III #74; HN Italy 1480; HGC 1 1027; SNG Cop 1161, 1163.Christian T
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Lucania, Metapontum AR Nomos53 viewsStruck circa 340-330 BC. AR Nomos, 7.83g. Johnston Class B2. HN Italy-1575. SNG ANS 432-440. Obverse bearded head of hero Leukippos wearing unadorned Corinthian helmet right; behind lion head right; monogram below chin. Reverse barley ear of seven grains with leaf to left; club above leaf, AMI below; META in right field.

Ex Joseph Melchione collection. Ex Ira and Larry Goldberg Pre-Long Beach Sept. 4-5, 2012 Auction 70th Sale, lot 3021. Ex CNG. VF, toned.

The head of the hero Leukippos on this coin is particularly elegant. He was a mythical king of Messene whom the Metapontines claimed as the founder of their city. His appearance on the coins almost certainly serves as an allusion to the help given to Metapontum by Alexander the Molossian, another king from across the sea. The mythological hero Leukippos (his name means owner of a white horse, i.e., a wealthy man) was particularly popular in Metapontum, appearing on the obverse of many of the city's nomoi, or staters, starting c. 350 BC. This helmeted and bearded head also served as a prototype for Rome's early didrachms with a similar head of Mars. (Commentary courtesy Classical Numismatic Group).
1 commentsJason T
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Lucania, Metapontum Nomos28 viewsCirca 340-330, AR 21.5mm., 7.91g. Helmeted head of Leukippos r.; in l. field, lion head r. Rev. Barley ear of seven grains, leaf to l.; club above leaf, AMI below. Johnston class B, 2.3. Historia Numorum Italy 1575.

Finally, I got such a big flan Metapontion Leukippos Nomos~
1 commentsLeo
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Lucania, Poseidonia Ar Nomos36 views(470-445 BC)
Obv.: Poseidon, naked but for the chlamys over shoulders, walking r., brandishing trident in r. hand and extending l. arm. POMEM right.
Rev.: Bull walking right. POMES retrograde.
SNG ANS 646.
1 commentsMinos
LucaniaPoseidon.jpg
Lucania, Poseidonia Silver Nomos c. 445-420 B.C.18 viewsLUCANIA, Poseidonia
Silver Nomos (20mm, 7.15 gm.). c. 445-420 BC.
Obv: Poseidon standing right, preparing to cast trident.
Rev: Bull standing left.
Ref: HN Italy 1116; SNG ANS 655.
mjabrial
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Lucania, Poseidonia.18 viewsLucania, Poseidonia. 470-445 BC. AR Nomos (7.66 gm). Poseidon advancing r., with chlamys over shoulders, brandishing trident. 𐌲ΟM r. (epichoric ΠOΣ). / Bull standing r. 𐌲ΟΜΕ above (retrograde, epichoric ΠΟΣΕ). VF. Pegasi 126 #41. SNG ANS 646v (abbreviated legends); HN Italy 1114; HGC 1 1151; SNG Cop 1277v (same).Christian T
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Lucania, Poseidonia. ca 410-350 BC. AR Nomos.24 viewsLucania, Poseidonia. ca 410-350 BC. AR Nomos. POSEIDAN, Poseidon walking right, wielding trident, chlamys draped over both arms; dolphin downwards behind / POSEIDANI, bull standing left; dolphin in ex. SNGANS 682 ancientone
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LUCANIA, Sybaris. Circa 550-510 BC. AR Nomos44 views28.5mm, 7.97 g, 12h
Bull standing left, head right; ¨µ in exergue / Incuse bull standing right, head left. S&S Class B, pl. 48, 4–8; Gorini 2; HN Italy 1729; SNG ANS 828-44; SNG Lloyd 449–50; Basel 168–9; Dewing 406–7. VF, lightly toned. Good metal.
1 commentsLeo
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Lucania, Thurium, Ar Nomos, 4th C. B.C.90 viewsObv:- Head of Athena in Attic helmet decorated with Skylla
Rev:- ΘOYPIΩN above, Bull butting right, tunny fish in exe.
Minted in Thurium. 4th Century B.C.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
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LUCANIA, Velia222 viewsLUCANIA, Velia. Circa 365-340 BC. AR Nomos (23mm, 7.57 gm). Head of Athena left, wearing Attic helmet decorated with a griffin; O behind neck / Lion walking right;  above. Williams 263 II (O151'/R203); SNG ANS 1296-7 (same dies); HN Italy 1284. VF, struck with deteriorating dies. Ex-Cng B10DV15E2 commentsecoli
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Lucania, Velia AR Nomos69 viewsCirca 280 BC. AR Nomos (22mm, 7.47 g, 10h). Williams 572 (O284/R399); HN Italy 1318; SNG ANS 1403 (same rev. die). Obverse Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with gryphon; A above, [Φ before], IE on outlined tablet behind neck guard. Reverse Lion attacking stag left; [ΥΕΛΗΤΩΝ] above. VF, toned, minor scratches under tone. Well struck.

Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX No. 2 Summer 2014, lot 980957.

Velia, situated on the Tyrrhenian coast of southern Italy south of Poseidonia, was founded circa 540 BC by Ionian Greek colonists from Phokaia in western Asia Minor who had fled their homeland following the Persian conquest in 545 B.C. Its coinage commenced soon after the city’s foundation and its types (forepart of lion devouring prey / incuse square) and denomination (Phokaian silver drachm) reflect the Asian origin of the early citizenry of Velia. Later, in the 5th century, the weight standard of the Velian coinage was assimilated to that of the Achaean cities of Magna Graecia producing a nomos of about 8 grams. The type of a lion, or a lion attacking or feeding on its prey, remained popular at Velia throughout the two and a half centuries of its silver coinage, which ceased just prior to the city’s alliance with Rome, negotiated circa 275 BC.
3 commentsJason T
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LUCANIA, Velia, 300-280 BC134 viewsDidrachm, 7.51 g

O - Head of Athena to right, wearing Attic helmet adorned with a wing.
R - ΥΕΛΗΤΩΝ /Φ Ι / Π Lion walking to right; above, ear of wheat.

HN III 1309. Williams 470-489.

Ex Rauch 86, 2 May 2010, Lot 103
Ex Nomos, Auction 5, Lot 107, 25 October 2011
7 commentsrobertpe
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Lucania, Velia. (Circa 340-334 B.C.)34 viewsAR nomos (22 mm, 7.24 g, 2 h).

Obverse: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with a griffin; between neck guard and crest, Θ

Reverse: YEΛHTΩN (of Elea), lion prowling right; below, X.

Williams 262 (O151/R207); SNG ANS 1293 (same dies); HN Italy 1284.

Velia was the Roman name of an ancient city of Magna Graecia on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea. It was founded by Greeks from Phocaea as Hyele around 538–535 BC. According to Herodotus, in 545 BC Ionian Greeks fled Phocaea, in modern Turkey, which was being besieged by the Persians under Cyrus the Great. They settled in Corsica until they were attacked by a force of Etruscans and Carthaginians. The surviving 6000 took to the sea once more, first stopping in Reggio Calabria, where they were probably joined by the poet/philosopher Xenophanes, who was at the time at Messina, and then moved north along the coast and founded the town of Hyele, later renamed Ele and then, eventually, Elea.

Elea was not conquered by the Lucanians, but eventually joined Rome in 273 BC and was included in ancient Lucania.
1 commentsNathan P
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LUCANIA, Velia. Circa 280 BC. Didrachm or Nomos15 views21mm, 6.84 g 1
Head of Athena to left, wearing crested Attic helmet adorned with Pegasus; behind neck, IE in shallow incuse square. Rev. [ΥEΛHTΩN] Lion attacking stag to left. HN III 1318. Williams 543 (same dies). Minor cleaning scratches, otherwise, good fine.


From a collection in Ticino, formed over 20 years ago.
Leo
Williams_419.jpg
LUCANIA, Velia. Circa 300-280 BC. AR Nomos21 views22mm, 7.54 g, 2h
Philistion group. Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet, decorated with gryphon; Ө between crest and neck guard / Lion standing right, head facing, tearing at ram’s head with jaws and forepaws; above, cicada left between Ф and I. Williams 419 (same dies); HN Italy 1305. VF, toned.
Leo
Williams_394.jpg
LUCANIA, Velia. Circa 300-280 BC. AR Nomos48 views22mm, 7.46 g, 11h

Philistion Group. Helmeted head of Athena right, griffin on bowl / Lion standing right; die erasure below. Williams 394 (O197/R278); HN Italy 1301; SNG ANS 1397; SNG Ashmolean 1392; BMC 110; McClean 1470 (all from the same dies). VF, toned.

Ex Seaby Coin & Medal Bulletin 818 (March 1987), no. B34.
2 commentsLeo
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LUCANIA. Herakleia. Circa 420/15-390 BC. Didrachm or Nomos7 viewsSilver, 22 mm, 7.61 g, 3 h
Head of Athena to right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet adorned with hippocamp with curved wings on the bowl.
Rev. HPAKΛHIΩN Herakles strangling the Nemean lion; to left, club and bow.
HN Italy 1363. SNG ANS 47. Rare and nicely toned. Very fine.
1 commentsLeo
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Lucania. Metapontum AR Nomos / Barley Ear27 viewsAttribution: HN Italy 1589
Date: 340-330 BC
Obverse: Wreathed head of Demeter left
Reverse: META, Ear of barley with leaf to left, Griffin above leaf
Size: 18.72 mm
Weight: 7.16 grams
Description: VF.
1 commentsMark R1
Lucania_Velia_Williams-192.jpg
Lucania. Velia.23 viewsLucania. Velia. 400-350 BC. AR Nomos (7.52 gm). Head of Athena l., wearing Phrygian helmet decorated w. draped female centaur. Monogram ˃Ε behind. / Lion standing l., devouring prey. Λ above, ˃Ε below. ex: VEΛHTΩN. gVF. Bt. Stack's Bowers 2011. CG #931. Williams 359; HN Italy 1296; SNG ANS 1325v (Λ monogram); SNG Cop 1563; HGC 1 1314.Christian T
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M. Porcius Cato, Quinarius14 viewsRRC 343/2b
89 bc

Obverse: Head of Liber to right, wearing ivy-wreath; below, acrostolium.
Reverse: Victory seated right, holding patera in her right hand and palm-branch in her left; in exergue, VICTRIX

Another Porcius Cato and we do not know much about this one. Crawford even mentions one ‘Cato the wine merchant’ as a possible moneyer.

Ex Obolos 2, lot 168, 2014-06-14 (Nomos AG),
From the E. J. Haeberlin Collection, E. Cahn and A. Hess Nachf., 17 July 1933, 1042
Norbert
1693__nomos_1.jpg
macdonald557-25 viewsRheskuporis II with Elagabalus
Electrum Stater, Bosporus

Obv: BACIΛEⲰC PHCKOYΠOPIΔOC, Diademed and draped bust of Rheskuporis II right; to right, trident.
Rev: ΔIΦ (Date: 514 = 16 May 218-end of 218). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus right.
19 mm, 7.66 gms

MacDonald 557/2

From Nomos Obolos Web Auction 13, lot 512. From the collection of Pavlo Skoropadskyi.
Charles M
1694__nomos_2.jpg
macdonald558-45 viewsRheskuporis II with Elagabalus
Electrum Stater, Bosporus

Obv: BACIΛEⲰC PHCKOYΠOPIΔOC, Diademed and draped bust of Rheskuporis II right.
Rev: EIΦ (Date: 515 = 218-219). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus right, star to right.
19 mm, 7.65 gms

MacDonald 558/4

From Nomos Obolos Web Auction 13, lot 513. From the collection of Pavlo Skoropadskyi.
1 commentsCharles M
Meta.JPG
Metapont Stater53 viewsBruttium, Métaponte 540-510 BC Statère 29mm 8,22g
A/ MET Épi de blé de haut relief avec huit grains par rangée, bordure circulaire perlée.
R/ même type incus, dans le champ à dr. MET
HNItaly 1459, Noe I n°7
ex Otakirak collection
Brennos
1438_Morgantina.jpg
Morgantina - AR litra21 views339-317 BC
laureate head of Apollo right
MOPΓANTINΩN
warrior on horseman left, brandishing spear, holding reins
SNG ANS 465 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 472; HGC 2, 900.
0,80g
ex Roma
ex Nomos
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
neapolis.jpg
Neapolis, Campania AR Nomos ca 320-300 BC34 viewsDiademed head of nymph right, in necklace and earring; Pileus behind and monogram before/ NEOPOLITWN, Man-faced Bull walking right, above, Nike flying right placing wreath on man's head. Monogram below
SNGANS 322, SNGFr 799, SNGCop 403 (Ref. Wildwinds)

Weight 6.8 grams, holed and plugged
1 commentsdaverino
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nicaea005a2 viewsElagabalus
Nicaea, Bithynia

Obv: Μ ΑΥΡH ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝΟϹ ΑΥΓ, laureate head right.
Rev: NIKA-IEΩN, Asclepius standing, facing, looking left, resting on serpent entwined staff.
22 mm, 6.33 gms

RPC Online 3117; CNG EA 369, lot 418; Hirsch 293, lot 2890; Nomos Obolos 5, lot 692
Charles M
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Nomos-Campania,Neapolis, 325-241 BC Silver 7.20gr., 19mm 47 viewsCampania, Neapolis. Circa 325-241 BC. AR Nomos.
Head of nymph right. / Man faced bull right, crowned by Nike.
Composition: Silver, weight: 7.20 gm. diameter: 19 mm.
Adherence in obverse, but nice coin SOLD
Antonivs Protti
Octavian_denarius_prow.jpg
Octavian AR Denarius Prow & Quadriga, circa 30BCE51 viewsAR Denarius
Octavian, 27BCE - 14CE
Diameter: 20mm, Weight: 3.52 grams, Die axis: 8h

Obverse: Anepigraphic, Victory standing on prow to right, holding palm branch over her left shoulder and extends laurel wreath in right hand.

Reverse: IMP. CAESAR
Octavian standing in triumphal quadriga to right, holds reigns in left hand and extends (olive or laurel) branch in right hand.

Mint: Either Brundisium or Rome.

Notes:
- This historically fascinating denarius celebrates the Battle of Actium in which Agrippa and Octavian triumphed over Antony and Kleopatra. The obverse die is the first of the entire IMP CAESAR series of Octavian; the die is shared with the last of the CAESAR DIVI F denarii of the same design. The reverse may refer to Octavian’s entry into Alexandria following the battle of Actium (31/30 BCE), or the triple triumph subsequently awarded to him in Rome (29BCE) – the dating of the type is still not precisely known.
- After the great struggles between the triumvirs, many soldiers from the vast standing armies needed to be de-commissioned and paid. It is possible that this early type was minted using silver from the Ptolemaic treasury seized by Octavian following the Battle of Actium.
- Brundisium (modern day Brindisi) in southern Italy was Octavian’s naval base, which is where this type may have been minted to pay the soldiers. Alternatively the mint may have been Rome.
- Obverse and reverse die match to LHS Numismatik Auction 103, lot 333, 2008.

Ex Praefectus Coins 2015, Ex Nomos Obolos 2 lot 204, 2015

Thank you to Mr Curtis Clay for confirming the die link and providing the published reference to this fact: C.H.V. Sutherland, 1976, Octavian’s Gold and Silver Coinage from c. 32 to 27 B.C.
3 commentsPharsalos
Macedon_Perseus_SNG-Keckman795_gf.jpg
Perseus. 178-168 BC. AR Drachm 20 viewsMacedon, Perseus. 178-168 BC. AR Drachm (2.74 gm) of Thessaly, c. 171/0. Third Macedonian War issue on Rhodian stdd. to pay Cretan mercenaries. Head of Helios facing slightly r. / Rose w/ bud to r., ΕΡΜΙΑΣ (Hermias, magistrate ) above. Ɪ - Ω (Zoilos) monogram in minute letters on either side of stem. EF.  CNG 79 #179. Klein 560; Price Kraay-Morkholm Essays pp. 241-242 (Northern Greece, plate LV 247); cf SNG Cop Suppl. 358 (Rhodian Peraia); SNG Keckman 795 (Thessaly); HGC 3.1 -, 4 -. cf. Triton XVII #185, Nomos 18 #88. 1 commentsAnaximander
SNG_ANS_651_Nomos_POSEIDONIA_Lucania.jpg
POSEIDONIA - Lucania - Italia14 viewsAR Nomos (Estátera) 20.6 mm 7.37 gr

Anv: "POΣEI"(posiblemente retrógrada en campo derecho, en este caso ilegible), Poseidón avanzando a derecha, Clámide (Chlamys) flotando sobre sus hombros, portando un tridente horizontal en mano derecha y con su brazo izquierdo extendido.
Rev: "POΣEI" (Retrógrada con Σ acostada como M), Toro avanzando a izquierda con "Σ" (Recostada que parece M = Número de control de cuño ??).

Poseidonia fue fundada a finales del siglo séptimo A.C. por colonos griegos de Sybaris. En el quinto siglo A.C., Poseidonia fue conquistada por los lucanos. La evidencia arqueológica muestra sucesivas culturas griegas y oscas, que incluso prosperaron juntas. Después los Poseidonianos se unieron con Pirro de Epiro contra Roma, siendo vencidos por el Cónsul Publio Valerio Levino.
Poseidonia fue refundada como ciudad romana con el nuevo nombre de Paestum en el 273 A.C.

Acuñada: 420 - 410 A.C.
Ceca: Poseidonia - Lucania - Italia

Referencias: SNG Cop #1278 ss - SNG ANS #651 ss - SNG Lockett #442 - cf. HN Italy #1127 - MI AMG.#2534 (R2) - Delepierre #353
mdelvalle
R553_NOMOS_3171034.jpg
RIC 55315 viewsRIC 553, Ticinum. Denomination: Antoninianus.

OBV.: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
Radiate, cuirassed bust left, with spear and shield.
REV.: PROVIDENT AVG
Providentia standing left, holding globe and sceptre.

Mintmark: B|-//

Weight: 4.01 g.
Die axis: 6 h.
Diameter: 23 mm.
vrtsprb
Larissa_Trihemiobol.jpg
Rider and Larissa Seated24 viewsThessaly Greece, the City of Larissa

Obv: Rider on a horse prancing r., holding a single spear transversally with petasos flying backwards and chlamys on his back, beneath horse’s belly a lion’s head facing r. Border of dots or small grains.1
Rev: The nymph Larissa2 seated r. on a chair with a back ending in a swan’s head, r. hand resting on her lap or thigh and holding a phiale, l. arm raised with palm forward,3 Λ and Α above to l. and r. of head with R and Ι to r. of body turned 90º and downward, all within a shallow incuse square.
Denomination: Silver Trihemiobol; Mint: Larissa; Date: mid- to late 5th Century BC4; Weight: 1.28g5; Diameter: 13mm; Die axis: 60º; References, for example: BMC Thessaly p. 25, 13; Weber 2838; Traité IV, 651, pl. CCXCVI, 9; Herrmann Group II, Pl. 1, 7; BCD Thessaly II 154; HGC 4, 466.

Notes:
1Forrer, BCD Thessaly II, and Hoover refer to the border as composed of dots; Babelon refers to the border as composed of small grains.
2Herrmann does not associate the figure on the reverse with the nymph Larissa. Instead he refers to the figure as a “sitting male” and cites two examples from Berlin and Warren 687 as having the indication of beards (p.9). He declares that the meaning [interpretation] of the sitter cannot be determined, but he invites us to think of a deity (p. 11).
3Forrer and BCD Thessaly II state that Larissa is holding a mirror, Hoover mentions only that the arm is raised, Babelon indicates that the left arm is raised with palm forward, and Herrmann describes the left hand as raised in an “adoring gesture”. On the coin here the left hand clearly has the thumb separated from the rest of the fingers with the palm facing forward; there is no indication that the hand is holding anything. I wonder what the intention of the gesture could have been.
4Dates in the sources cited here run the gamut of the 5th Century BC. Herrmann: c. 500 - 479 BC; Babelon: c. 470 - 430 BC; HGC: c. 440 - 420 BC; Forrer: c. 430 - 400 BC. In light of Kagen (2004) and his belief that Herrmann’s Group I ended c. 460 BC it seems appropriate to choose the date range specified in BCD Thessaly II.
5Herrmann argues that Group II was struck on the Persian weight standard. (He believed that the same held true for Group I). Kagan (2004) demonstrates that Larissain coinage was not struck on the Persian weight standard.

The city of Larissa was named after the local water nymph, said to be the daughter of Pelasgos. He was said to be the ancestor of the pre-Greek Pelasgians. According to myth Larissa drowned while playing ball on the banks of the Peneios river. (HGC 4 p. 130).

Photo Credits: Nomos AG

Sources

BCD Thessaly II: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. The BCD Collection of the Coinage of Thessaly. Triton XV Auction. (3 January 2012, New York).
BMC Thessaly: Gardner, Percy. A Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thessaly to Aetolia. London, 1883.
HGC: Hoover, Oliver D. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Greece: Achaia Phthiotis, Ainis, Magnesia, Malis, Oita, Perrhaibia, Thessaly, Akarnania, Aitolia, Lokris, Phokis, Boiotia, Euboia, Attica, Megaris, and Corinthia, Sixth to First Centuries BC, The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Vol. 4. Lancaster/London: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc, 2014.
Kagan, Jonathan. “The So-Called Persian Weight Coins of Larissa”. Obolos 7. 2004.
Traité: Babelon, Ernest. Traité des Monnaies Grecques et Romaines: Tome Quatrième. Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1926.
Weber: Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber: Volume II. London: Spink & Son, 1924.
3 commentsTracy Aiello
Maximinus_Thrax_Sesterz.jpg
Roman Empire, Maximinus I Thrax Sestertius248 viewsObv. MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. SALVS AVGVSTI S C, Salus seated left on throne, feeding, with her right hand, snake rising right from altar to left.
Mint: Rome, 235-238 AD.

20mm 20.18g

RIC 85, BMC 175, Cohen 92


Ex Nomos 1, 6 May 2009, 159.
Ex Bank Leu 18, 5 May 1977, 368. From the collection of Ph. S.

Salus was considered since the time of the Flavians as one of the most important ideals of the Roman Empire and embodied health and safety. Salus is here not only to express the personal health of the ruler, but also connected to the well-being of the people and a general sense of security.
Although Maximinus led successful campaigns against the Jazygen tribe and against the Dacians (title GERMANICVS), he was not particularly popular in the Senate, because he denied the Senate in Rome probably the usual voice and his rule largely based on the Rhine and Danube regions. Other reasons for the resistance in the Senate played the (historians controversial) origin of the Maximinus from Thrace and also from very simple conditions, which the nobiles did not think befitting.
In addition, his campaigns were so costly that he allegedly even had to take money from the poor and grain supply of Rome. Although he pushed forward not only military expenditure but also the development of the road network, the ruler's budgetary planning attempt to remedy the foreign policy problems of Rome through elaborate campaigns met with general misunderstanding, which was especially prevalent in the south and east of the empire, where only the increased tax pressured but the people did not notice the successes. Maximinus evidently did not understand how to efficiently promote his policy. For these reasons, it came after only three years in office to surveys against the Emperor, which ultimately led to his murder by his own troops.
7 commentskc
9Ogj-UC42WY.jpg
Roman Empire, Trajan Decius, 249-251. Antoninianus.41 views(Silver, 22mm, 3.84 g 6), Rome, 250-251.
IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Decius to right.
Rev. PANNONIAE The Two Pannoniae standing left, both looking to left and raising their right hands, the one on the left with a standard next to her and the one on the right holding a vexillum.
RIC 23 var. (differing bust type). Very rare variety. Lustrous, sharp and very well struck. Virtually as struck.

From the Collection of the MoneyMuseum, Zurich. Ex Nomos 2 (17 May 2002), lot 214.
Ruslan K
image00301.jpg
ROMAN IMPERATORIAL, Brutus and Lentulus Spinther, 42 BCE55 viewsRome, The Imperators.
Brutus and Lentulus Spinther, 42 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.91g; 20mm).
Military Mint (Smyrna?).

Obv: BRVTVS; axe, simpulum and knife.

Rev: LENTVLVS SPINT; jug and lituus.

References: Crawford 500/7; HCRI 198; Sydenham 1310; BMCRR East 80-1; Junia 41.

Provenance: Ex Stoeklin Collection [Nomos14 (17 May 2017) Lot 301]; ex Munzhandlung Basel 6 (18 Mar 1936), Lot 1483; ex Trau Collection [Gilhoffer & Ranschburg & Hess (22 May 1935), Lot 37].

The sacrificial implements on the obverse refer to Brutus' membership in the college of Pontifs. The implements on the reverse refer to Spinther's membership in the augurate since 57 BCE.

Spinther was the son of P. Cornelius Lentulus, whose nickname was Spinther (reportedly because he resembled an actor by that name). It was a nickname that his father clearly liked as both he and his son later used it on coins. His father was an aristocrat of the Cornelia gens, who was liked by Julius Caesar and worked with Cicero in suppressing the Cataline conspiracy. He was later governor of part of Spain. With Caesar’s help, his father was elected consul in 57BC, when he recalled Cicero from exile. Thereafter he governed Cilicia, at which time Cicero wrote him a still-surviving letter. As relations deteriorated between Caesar and Pompey, both Spinthers sided with Pompey. Despite initial offers of amnesty by Caesar, Spinther senior would not remain neutral and was eventually killed or committed suicide during the civil wars. His son later allied with Caesar’s assassins and struck coins for both Brutus and Cassius.
3 commentsCarausius
image00275.jpg
ROMAN IMPERATORIAL, Julius Caesar, AR Denarius48 viewsRome. The Imperators.
Julius Caesar, 47-6 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.87g; 18mm).
Military Mint in North Africa.

Obverse: Diademed head of Venus facing right, wearing necklace.

Reverse: Aeneas walking left, carrying his aged father, Anchises on his shoulder and the palladium in his right hand; CAESAR in right field.

References: Crawford 458/1; HCRI 55; BMCRR (East) 31-5; Julia 10.

Provenance: Ex Stöcklin Collection [Nomos 14 (17 May 2017) Lot 275]; ex E. J. Haeberlin Collection [Cahn-Hess (17 Jul 1933), Lot 2663].

Struck in Africa near the end of Caesar’s civil war struggle with Pompey, the coin advertises the mythical roots of the Julia gens descent from Venus and Anchises. The obverse depicts the goddess, Venus, while the reverse shows Aeneas carrying his aged father, Anchises, from Troy. Sear thought that among Caesar’s coinage, this issue was second in size only to the "elephant" coinage, and Crawford estimated 390 obverse dies and 433 reverse dies.
4 commentsCarausius
2951797.jpg
ROMAN IMPERATORIAL, Sextus Pompey, 42 BCE45 viewsRome, The Imperators.
Sextus Pompey, 42 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.87g; 21mm).
Sicilian mint.

Obv: [M]AG PIVS IMP [ITER]. Bust of Neptune facing right; trident over shoulder.

Rev: [PR]AEF CLAS ET OR[AE MAR IT EX S C]. Naval trophy.

References: Crawford 511/2; HCRI 333; Sydenham 1347 (R5).

Provenance: Ex Stack's Bowers August 2016 ANA (10 Aug 2016), Lot 20139; ex Nomos Obolos 4 (21 Feb 2016), Lot 522; ex RBW Collection [NAC 63 (17 May 2012), Lot 538]; privately purchased from SKA Zurich, July 1985.

Sextus Pompey was a son of Pompey the Great. After Caesar's assassination, in 43 BCE, he was honored by the Senate with the title "Commander of the Fleet and Sea Coasts". Shortly following this honor, the Second Triumvirate was formed and placed Sextus' name on their proscription list. Sextus soon occupied Sicily where he provided haven to other Romans proscribed by the Triumvirs. He retained control of Sicily from 42 to 36 BCE.
4 commentsCarausius
1521986941692724409721.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC - AR Didrachm - Crawford 20/150 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous, 269-266 BCE.
AR Didrachm (7.28g; 21mm).
Uncertain mint.

Obv: Diademed head of youthful Hercules facing right, with lion skin and club over shoulder.

Rev: She-Wolf suckling the twins, Romulus & Remus; ROMANO in exergue.

References: Crawford 20/1; Sydenham 6; BMCRR (Romano-Campanian) 28-33.

Provenance: Ex Dr. Walter F. Stoeklin Collection [Nomos AG eSale 9 (25 Mar 2018) Lot 2]; Adolph Hess Auction (19 Dec 1933), Lot 3.

The earliest Roman Didrachm coinage commenced in the late fourth century BCE. While earliest didrachms bore the inscription ROMANO, they were not struck in Rome and didn’t really circulate in Rome! The earliest didrachms were likely produced in Naples or some other nearby mint. Kenneth Harl, in "Coinage in the Roman Economy" theorizes that Roman didrachms were likely valued at 10 asses and were possibly called “denarii” in their day.

This coin is from the large, third issue of didrachms produced around the time of the Pyrrhic War, circa 269 BCE. In "Natural History", Pliny wrote that the Romans first struck silver coins “in the 485th year of the city, when Q. Ogulnius and C. Fabius were consuls, five years before the First Punic War [=269 BC].” (NH 33.42-44) Some surmise that Pliny’s now infamous text refers to the above coin type. Pliny’s text confounded for generations the determination by Roman numismatists of the introduction date for the denarius, with many scholars interpreting his statement as evidence for an early introduction; that “literal” theory having been disproven by Thomsen’s analysis in “Early Roman Coinage” and the indisputable evidence of the destruction level finds at Morgantina.

In "Roman Republican Coinage", Michael Crawford assigned this type to the Rome mint, but Crawford turned non-committal regarding the mint in his later book, Coinage and Money Under the Roman Republic. Previous scholars (Babelon, Grueber, Sydenham) had attributed this series to Campania. The reverse bears the first depiction of the she-wolf and suckling twins on a Roman coin, representing the mythical founding of Rome. The emblematic nature of this scene likely influenced the mint assignment by some researchers. Indeed, subsequent coins bearing this scene have similarly been assigned to Rome by some authors, perhaps without justification, based on the “Roman” character of the scene – notably the Eagle/Wolf and Twins AE Sextans (Crawford 39/3) of the semi-libral reduction in 217-215 BCE, which I believe is likely a Campanian product. There would be countless more such depictions of the wolf and twins on Roman coins during the ensuing centuries [Crawford 183; Crawford 235/1; Antoninus Pius; Maxentius; Constantine “commemoratives”, etc.]. According to Pliny, Q. Ogulnius was a consul when this coin was likely first produced, and the reverse may allude to the wolf and twins statue erected in Rome by Ogulnius’ grandfather and great uncle, the brothers Quintus and Gnaeus Ogulnius, in 296 BCE.
2 commentsCarausius
image00236.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC - L. Piso Frugi - AR Denarius27 viewsRome, The Republic
L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, 90 BCE.
AR Denarius (4.01g; 18mm)
Rome mint.

Obv: Laureate head of Apollo facing right; VII (control mark) behind.

Rev: Rider with palm on horse galloping right; VII (control mark) above; L PISO FRVG below; Roma monogram in exergue.

References: Crawford 340/1; Sydenham 661; Banti 44/1 (this coin illustrated); BMCRR 1900; Calpurnia 11.

Provenance: Ex Stoeklin Collection [Nomos 14 (17 May 2017) Lot 236; ex Haeberlin Collection [Cahn-Hess (17 Jul 1933) Lot 1184].

L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi was moneyer in 90 BCE, during the time of the Social War. He later attained the office of Praetor in 74 BCE, but did not appear to distinguish himself further.

The Social War was a civil war between Rome and her Italian allies who had broken-away in a demand for citizenship rights. It was a time of massive coinage output by the Rome mints, likely to pay the costs associated with the conflict. As a result, Frugi’s coins are among the most common in the entire Roman Republican series. Crawford estimates 864 obverse and 1080 reverse dies were used to produce Frugi’s denarii. Both obverse and reverse dies bear control marks of varying complexity, and no control mark has more than one die.

This type alludes to the annual celebration of the Ludi Apollinares instituted by Frugi’s ancestor during the Second Punic War. These games were held at the Circus Maximus in July of each year and lasted 8 or 9 days, consisting of horse racing and performances.
1 commentsCarausius
image00220.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Cn. Baebius Tampilus, 194-190 BCE - Crawford 133/2b39 viewsRome, The Republic.
Cn. Baebius Tampilus, 194-190 BCE.
AR Denarius (4.02g; 19mm).
Rome Mint.

Obv: Helmeted head of Roma, facing right; X value mark behind.

Rev: Dioscuri riding right with couched spears; TAMP monogram above; ROMA in linear frame below.

References: Crawford 133/2b; Sydenham 334; Banti 1/2 (this coin illustrated); BMCRR 557-8; Baebia 1.

Provenance: Ex Stoeklin Collection [Nomos 14 (17 May 2017) Lot 220]; ex E.J. Haeberlin Collection [Cahn-Hess (17 Jul 1933) Lot 345].

The identity of the moneyer is not entirely clear, as there are several family member possibilities, based on prosopographical evidence. There are two sub-varieties of this denarius, one with the monogram above the Dioscuri as this coin, and the other with the monogram below the horses. Both types are scarce.
1 commentsCarausius
3854366_m.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, L. Appuleius Saturninus, AR Denarius - Crawford 317/3a9 viewsRome. The Repubic.
L. Appuleius Saturninus, 101 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.88g; 18mm).
Rome Mint.

Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma, facing left.

Reverse: Saturn holding harpa in fast quadriga galloping right; pellet and sideways E, above; L·SATVRN below.

References: Crawford 317/3a; Sydenham 578; BMCRR 1533 var (dot to left of control letter); Appuleia 1.

Provenance: Ex Stöcklin Family Collection [Nomos 14 (17 May 2017) Lot 229].

The moneyer was L. Appuleius Saturninus, who was Quaestor and twice Tribune near the close of the second century BCE. Crawford attributed the coinage to 104 BCE; but H.B. Mattingly, in Essays Hersh (1998), argues for a slightly later date based on a consensus that Saturninus was Quaestor in 104 BCE. This was a large issue with Crawford estimating 370 obverse dies and 462 reverse dies. No reverse control mark has more than one die. Given the large number of reverse dies, the control marks get somewhat convoluted, with letters in various orientations and combined with one or more pellets. The type, bearing Saturn, is certainly a pun on the moneyer’s name (Saturninus); a common practice among both Greek and Roman coin producers (see, e.g., Greek coins of Selinos bearing celery plants and Roman coins of Q. Pomponius Musa bearing the Muses).
Carausius
017789_l.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, L. Axsius Naso, AR Denarius - Crawford 400/1a13 viewsRome, The Republic.
L. Axsius Naso, 71 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.90g; 20mm).
Rome mint.

Obverse: Beardless head of Mars in helmet with side-feather plumes and peaked visor, facing right; VII (control mark), behind.

Reverse: Diana driving biga of stags to right, spear in right hand; hounds below and behind: VII (control mark) in left field: L·AXSIVS·L·F in exergue.

References: Crawford 400/1a; Sydenham 794 (R6); BMCRR 3448-53; Axia 1.

Provenance: Ex Auctiones eAuction 66 (15 Dec 2019), Lot 224; purchased privately from Nomos.

The moneyer was identified as a banker on a contemporary tessera nummularia (small bone piece attached to groups of coins for accounting purposes). He is not otherwise known. There are two obverse varieties of this issue of coins, one on which Mars helmet is crested and plumed and the other (this coin) with just side plumes. The dies were paired with matching, Roman numeral control marks; however, the same control marks are known to be used on multiple die pairs. Die numbers I-X were used on this variety. Die numbers XI-XX were used on the crested helmet variety.

Among other things, the goddess Diana was a hunting goddess equated with Artemis and a moon goddess equated with Luna. As huntress, she is often portrayed with bow or spear. In the case of this coin and others of the Republican series, her chariot is drawn by stags which also allude to her hunting connection. The addition of the hounds on this type makes the hunting connection abundantly clear.
1 commentsCarausius
RPC_II_1761_Domitianus.jpg
RPC II 1761v Domitianus36 viewsObv: ΔOMETIAN KAICAP, Laureate head right
Rev: ETOYC ZI ΦΛAYIOΠOΛEITΩN, Bust of Dyonisus, with thyrsus, right
AE15 (15.46 mm 2.596 g 12h) Struck in Flaviopolis (Cilicia) 89-90 A.D.
RPC II 1761 (variant on obverse legend: the recorded specimens have ΔOMETIANOC), SNG Levante 1533
ex Nomos Obolos Auction 6 lot 568
2 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
image10646.jpg
SIKYONIA, Sikyon, Circa 360s-340s/33067 viewsAR Obol, 0.69g, 9h

O - Dove alighting right; above tail, Σ
R - Dove flying to right; above tail, Ε

The obols of Sikyon were struck in very large numbers, understandably so because they were very popular and circulated throughout the Peloponnesos and in many places in Central Greece where the Aeginetic standard was also used. Thus, the vast majority of known Sikyonian obols are in worn condition. Pieces like this one are exceptional.

BCD 247

Ex Nomos - 9/19/2012
2 commentsrobertpe
705_Skotussa.JPG
Skotussa - AE4 viewsc. 394-367 BC
head of young Herakles left wearing lion's skin
horse forepart right
Σ_KO ΦΠA
Rogers 541, fig. 299; Nomos 4, 1337; SNG Copenhagen 255.
2,15g
ex Gitbud and Naumann
Johny SYSEL
timoleonbis.jpg
Syracuse Time of Timoleon - AE-Dilitron44 viewsSicily Syracuse sous Timoleon, 344-336 BC, AE-Dilitron 21,22g
A:/ ΖΕΥΣ ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΟΣ , Tête barbue et laurée de Zeus à gauche ; grènetis circulaire.
R:/ ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ, Cheval libre bondissant à gauche ; grènetis circulaire.
Calciati 80 st 8/1 = Rizzo Tav LVIII n°6 = SNG Spencer-Churchill 62 (All this coin).
From the T. Virzi collection , Auction Leu 6, Zürich 1973, Nr. 223 (this coin illustrated on the front cover of the catalogue) and the Captain E. G. Spencer-Churchill collection , Auktion Ars Classica XVI, Luzern 1933, Nr. 813

PS : This coin has long been the most expensive greek bronze coin ever sold at an auction. With an estimation at 4,000 CHF It has realized an astounding 12,000 CHF at the famous Leu auction !!
it was at that time almost the price of a fine decadrachm.
it has only been surpassed on october 2017 (44 years later !), when Nomos has sold for 13,000 CHF a coin of the same type from the Moretti Collection (auction NAC 13 1998 n°499) . It's very personal but i definitly prefere mine :)

Brennos
Sicily_Syracuse_SNG-ANS5_884_gf.jpg
Syracuse, Hieron II10 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Hieron II. 274-216 BC. AR 16 Litra (13.44 gm) struck c. 240-216 BC. Veiled and diademed head of Queen Philistis l., torch behind. / Fast quadriga driven r. by Nike, ΒΑΣΙΛΑΙΣΣΑΣ above, E (magistrate) below horses, ΦΙΛΙΣΤΙΔΟΣ in ex. EF. Pegasi 123 #42. SNG ANS 5 #884 (same dies) #886-887 (same obv. die); Burnett SNR 62, pl. 3 #47 (same dies); Cahn Basel #533; Caltabiano et al Siracusa #37 (D11/R-); Gulbenkian 355; HGC 2 #1553 (same obv. die) /1554; SNG Cop 1 #823. cf. Triton X #102, Nomos 15 #32. 1 commentsAnaximander
Sicily_Syracuse_SNG-ANS5_499_gf.jpg
Syracuse, Third Democracy & Timoleon12 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Third Democracy & Timoleon. 341-317 BC. AR Stater (8.55 gm). Pegasus flying l. / Head of Athena r., wearing Corinthian helmet ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ r. EF. SNG ANS 5 #499 (same dies); Cahn AMB 498; Calciati Pegasi II pg. 607 #1; HGC 2 #1400; SNG Cop 1 #711; SNG Delpierre 689-693; SNG Lloyd 1442. cf. Nomos 17 #54 (same obv. die) PR CHF 2,840. 1 commentsAnaximander
Taras~0.jpg
Taras - AR nomos18 views280-272 BC
nude youth crowning himself on horse standing right; capitol of Ionic column below
IΩ / IAΛO
Taras seated on dolphin left, holding akrostolion and spindle
ANQ
TAPAΣ
HN Italy 1014, Vlasto 803 ff.; SNG ANS 1142 ff., SGCV I 363 var.
6,31g 20,5-20mm
Johny SYSEL
Vlasto-915~0.jpg
Taras 272-240 BC Nomos111 viewsCalabria, Tarentum; c. 272-240 BC, Nomos, 6.51g(new standard of weight compared with the old 7.5g). HN Italy-1043, Vlasto-915 (this coin).

Obv: Naked boy crowned by Victory flying behind him, on horse standing r. with raised l. foreleg; Greek ethnic below horse (not evident), EY in r. field.
Rx: Taras on dolphin r., holding cornucopia and trident whose head is visible behind his neck; TAPAΣ below, monogram in l. field (expanded by Vlasto to IΩΠY).
Ex Künker 193, 26 September 2011, lot 23. G&M 190, 11 October 2011, lot 15. From the M.P. Vlasto Collection. Extremely well struck reverse with beautiful detail EF.

I appreciate to have this coin. It is from M.P. Vlasto collection.
3 commentsLeo
Vlasto74.jpg
Taras 480-470 BC, Nomos56 views7.68g.

Fischer-Bossert-81, Vlasto-74. Obv: Boy on dolphin right; sea shell below. Greek legend above. Rx: Wheel pattern. Ex Gemini XII, 11 January 2015, lot 11. VF

"From the evidence of findings we know that the coins bearing a wheel, and with the designs in relief on both sides of the coins were issued for some years during the destruction of Sybaris in 510 B.C.
The wheel was an emblem of the sun-god and may perhaps show the influence of the Pythagoreans; it appears also on the coins of Tanagra and of Chalcis, and later also on coins of Phlius, circle 431 B.C.
The coins issued in this period show the rapid advance made by the Tarentines in Commerce and Art during the time 520 to 470 B.C"
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_984-6.JPG
Taras, Calabria105 views212-209 BC (Period X - The Punic Occupation)
AR Half-Shekel (Reduced Nomos) (22mm, 3.94g)
Sokannos magistrate.
O: Warrior on horseback right, holding filleted palm frond in right hand, rein in left; ΣΩKAN-NA below.
R: Phalanthos on dolphin left, holding kantharos in extended right hand, trident in left; eagle with open wings standing left behind, TAPAΣ below.
Vlasto 984-86; Cote 605-06; SNG ANS 1272; HN Italy 1082; SNG Ashmolean 420-1; Sear 383v (drachm)
ex CNG

Popular history suggests that the Romans shut down the Tarentine mint circa 228 BC. No further coins were produced (at least in silver) until Hannibal captured the city in 212, at which time these “reduced nomoi” were struck for the approximately three years of occupation using the Punic standard.
While the earlier horseman/dolphin rider types were renewed at this time, the artistic quality was greatly diminished.
Also, the magistrate names differed greatly from the earlier coins and were likely not even Hellenic. One theory is that the names were those of the local indigenous peoples (Messapians, etc), although I believe they were more likely Carthaginian and probably those of Hannibal’s own administrators.
What a shame that the last emissions from this once great city should be so debased.
5 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_308.JPG
Taras, Calabria59 views400-390 BC (Period II)
AR Nomos (22mm, 7.74g, 2h).
O: Phalanthos riding dolphin left, holding akrostolion in extended right hand; Λ below, all within linear border.
R: Naked ephebe holding small shield in left hand, dismounting from horse cantering left; ΤΑΡΑΣ below, all within linear border.
Vlasto 309; Fischer-Bossert Group 26, 339 (V154/R263); Evans II, type C; Cote 108; McGill II, 13; HN Italy 849
ex CNG
2 commentsEnodia
V_975.jpg
Taras, Calabria48 views212-209 BC (Period X - The Punic Occupation)
AR Half-Shekel (Reduced Nomos) (19mm, 3.28g)
Sogenis magistrate.
O: Nude youth on horseback to left, crowning horse with wreath; IΩ behind, ΣΩΓE - NHΣ (magistrate) in two lines below.
R: Taras astride dolphin to left, holding cornucopiae in right arm and Nike who crowns him with wreath in left; TAPA[Σ] below.
Vlasto 975-77; Evans X, B-1; SNG France 2064; McGill II, 119-20; HN Italy 1079
Very Scarce
ex Praefectus Coins

At half the weight of the previous ‘didrachms’ from Taras, this half-shekel coin was minted during the Punic occupation of the city from 212-209 BC.
The story of Hannibal’s capture of Tarentum is fascinating, but of far too great a scope to cover here. Courage and endurance, intrigue and treachery all played a part in the Carthaginians desperate need of a southern naval port to continue Hannibal’s dream of conquering the Italian peninsula. Yet after an occupation of three years he was forced to withdraw from the city, virtually ending the second Punic War. However with a naval command post and a way to access reinforcements and supplies from Carthage, who knows what shape the history of Rome might have taken?

1 commentsEnodia
V_157.jpg
Taras, Calabria45 views473-450 BC
AR Drachm (Half Nomos) (16mm, 3.53g)
O: Forepart of hippocamp with pointed wings right; TAPAΣ (retrograde) counterclockwise behind, scallop shell below.
R: Head of nymph Satyra right; TA clockwise behind, all within incuse circle.
Vlasto 157-59; Cote 60; HN Italy 839; SNG France 1610; SNG ANS 846
Rare
ex Savoca Coins

A rare early drachm, sometimes referred to as a 'half nomos'. The hippocamp could be seen as a Pegasus, but that device was unknown in Tarentine coinage while the hippocamp was quite common, and the scallop shell certainly gives credence to that idea.
Alfred Hands places this type much earlier, perhaps as early as 520 BC, while Ratto (the Cote catalog) suggests that the nymph is actually the obverse due to the retrograde ethnic.

1 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1416.jpg
Taras, Calabria39 views302-228 BC (Period VIII)
AR Diobol (13mm, 0.87g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet.
R: Herakles standing left, strangling the Nemean lion; club behind, TAPAN(?) to left.
cf Vlasto 1416-19; HN Italy 1064
Rare
ex Nomos (Obolos II)

This coin was sold as being from Teate, Apulia and Vlasto claims that this type was minted "in alliance with Teate". Both of these opinions are based on the ethnic reading TIATI, which it may, but I am not entirely convinced that it doesn't in fact read TAPAN.
In either case it is a very scarce type with Herakles facing left in his struggle with the Nemean lion, and is very similar to my specimen of the Vlasto 1415 diobol but without the Ionic capital below Herakles' club.


1 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_630.jpg
Tarentum AR Nomos28 viewsCALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 315-302 BC. AR Nomos (21mm, 7.69 g, 8h).
Warror, preparing to throw spear and holding shield and two more spears, on horse rearing right; ΣA below / Phalanthos, holding kantharos, astride dolphin left; AP monogram above arm, pellet below arm; below, dolphin left. Fischer-Bossert Group 71, 859 (V338/R662); Vlasto 630; HN Italy 938. Good VF, some roughness and small deposit on obverse, small die break on reverse.

Traditionally this type has been attributed to a time span between 330 BC to 300 BC. However, we may correct the dating of this type, since the presence of the Epirote eight-rayed star on the hind leg of the horse indicates that this was a die produced during the intervention of King Alexander Molossus of Epeiros, who accepted an appeal by the Tarentines to campaign against their belligerent Italic neighbours the Brutii, Samnites and Lucani. This issue is linked by magistrates’ names and control symbols of marine significance to other issues of Alexander at Tarentum. Stylistically it must also be contemporaneous with the issues signed ‘KAL’, due to the undeniable similitude of the obverse die engraving which is in all probability the work of the same master who is often celebrated as the ‘KAL’ engraver. Though it is unlikely that was his name (see A. Johnston, The Coinage of Metapontum, Pt. 3), it remains possible and indeed probable that the same talented individual was responsible for the creation of dies at Tarentum, Metapontum and Herakleia.
Leo
Vlasto_437_(these_dies).jpg
Tarentum AR Nomos158 viewsITALY. Calabria , Taras (c.380-340 B.C.), Silver Nomos, 7.65g.
Naked ephebos, holding a small round shield and a lance, vaulting from a cantering horse left, ├ below horse. Rev. TAPAΣ , Taras as an ephebos seated astride dolphin to left, holding a Corinthian helmet in his right hand and leaning on the back of the dolphin with his left, I and waves below (Fischer-Bossert 657 (V252/R509); Vlasto 437 (these dies); SNG ANS 929 (these dies); SNG Lloyd 169). An almost invisible metal-flaw on reverse, of charming style, attractively toned, about extremely fine.
Ex:The Prospero Collection (The New York Sale, Auction XXVII, 2012)

The city of Tarentum was renowned throughout the ancient world for the quality of its horsemen, who served as mercenary cavalry for many foreign kings including Antigonos I, Demetrios I and Alexander of Epirus. The horsemen of Tarentum served as hippokontistai (mounted javelinmen), or in their specific case, elaphroi (skirmishing cavalry which throw javelins and dismount for hand to hand combat), but such was their fame that the term Tarantinoi came to mean any such skirmishing cavalry unit, regardless of their origin. Indeed, Asklepiodotos mentions Tarantinarchos (leader of Tarentines) as a military rank in Hellenistic Athens.
The scene depicted here is from an equestrian event of the Hyakinthia (the ceremonial games of Hyakinthian Apollo) which celebrated those special skills necessary in war. The armed rider would dismount at full gallop, run alongside his horse, and then remount in stride.
4 commentsLeo
Macedon_SNG-Cop_1119_gf.jpg
Temp Alexander III-Kassander VF. 325-310 BC. AE162 viewsMacedon, Temp Alexander III-Kassander VF. 325-310 BC. AE (16mm, 4.79 gm). Patterned shield with boss decorated with thunderbolt at center. / Plumed Macedonian helmet with laurel decoration, thunderbolt below. Β-Α to l. & r.  VF. SNG Cop 2 #1119; HGC 3.1 #956; Liampi Chronologie 28-30, 41-50; Price 416; SNG Alpha Bank 845-848. cf Lindgren II 1296v; Nomos AG Obolos 6 #334. Anaximander
1282_Thurion.jpg
Thourioi - AR double nomos (distater)6 viewsc. 4th century BC
head of Athena right wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla
bull butting right; 2 fish right in exergue
ΘOYPIΩN / EYΦA
SNG COP. 1430
ex Aurea
Johny SYSEL
Thourioi.jpg
Thourioi - AR nomos28 viewsc. 400 - 350 BC
head of Athena right wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla
E
bull butting right; fish swimming right below
ΘOYPIΩN
HN Italy 1783; cf. SNG ANS 1015
ex Roma Numismatics
2 commentsJohny SYSEL
00030v00.jpg
Thurium, Lucania (Circa 400-350 BC)46 viewsAR Nomos

20 mm, 7.45g

Obverse: Head of Athena with Attic helmet, on the helmet boiler Scylla

Reverse: Bull, in section fish.

SNG ANS 1034 (av., Stgl.), HN Italy 1787.

Located on a fertile plain on the Gulf of Taranto near the site of Sybaris, Thurium was founded by Achaeans late in the 8th Century B.C. At its peak, Sybaris had amassed a population nearly equal to that of Athens, had a six-mile defensive wall, and according to Strabo had as many as 25 cities and four native peoples under its authority. However, the thriving settlement was destroyed by Croton in 510 B.C.

After two attempts to establish a new foundation on the ruined site that had been thwarted by Croton, a fresh attempt was made in the period 446 to 444/3 B.C. This remarkable undertaking was originally conceived by descendants of the Sybarites, but when the Crotonites opposed that enterprise as well, help was sought from Athens. Pericles came to their aid by sending colonists whom he had gathered from throughout Greece to participate in what he envisioned as a Panhellenic experiment in colonization. With financial and military support from Athens, the colonists set up their city, drawing on the talents of Protagoras of Abdera for its civil laws, Lampon of Athens for its sacred laws and Hippodamus of Miletus for its city-plan. Even the historian Herodotus is counted among the talented participants.

As Thurium began to flourish its colonists from Greece soon ejected their co-founding Sybarites (who established another city on the river Traeis) and eventually distanced themselves even from their benefactor Athens. The city continued to prosper even after it came under Roman control following the defeat of Tarentum in 272. During the Second Punic War, Thurium was still a regional power and it held out as a Roman ally until the spring of 212, when resisting the Carthaginians became impossible. It was the last Greek city to fall to Hannibal, yet it also was the last city outside of Bruttium to remain in his camp. This was not appreciated by the Romans who consequently added its land to their ager publicus and, in 194 or 193, by which time the site was largely abandoned, founded in its place the Latin colony of Copia.

Thurian coinage is substantial, and is renowned for the fine artistry of its dies. The head of Athena as an obverse type clearly is inspired by the coinage of Athens. The standing bull on the city’s early coins likely was derived from the old badge of Sybaris, yet the charging version of that animal may refer to the local spring Thuria, from which the new foundation took its name. On this example the bowl of Athena’s helmet is decorated with Scylla, whose serpent-tail is visible. The bull, as on all Thurian issues of this era, is fully animated with its tail lashing as it charges forth to engage some unseen foe.
1 commentsNathan P
Velia.jpg
Velia - AR nomos7 views334-300 BC
Head of Athena left, wearing a crested Phrygian helmet decorated with a Centaur
(KE) monogram of Kleudoros
Lion standing left devouring prey
A / Φ
YEΛHTΩN on raised platform (unreadable)
Williams 328 (O174/R244); HN Italy 1294; SNG ANS 1337
7,19g
ex Lanz
Johny SYSEL
V688sm.jpg
Vespasian RIC-688229 viewsAR Denarius, 2.84g
Rome mint, 74 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR in exergue; Vespasian stg. r., with branch and sceptre, in quadriga r.
Rev: VESP AVG across field; Victory on prow r., with wreath and palm
RIC 688 (R). BMC 147. RSC 569. BNC 121.
Ex Nomos Obolos 4, 21 February 2016, lot 575. Ex GH Collection. Ex Superior Galleries, The Moreira sale, Part II, 10-11 December 1988, lot 2374.

A major feature of Vespasian's coinage is in its use of antiquarian styled types and recycled ones from previous eras. K. Butcher and M. Ponting in The Metallurgy of Roman Silver Coinage have shown that a big component of Vespasian's silver bullion consisted of recycled denarii from the republic and early empire. Vespasian's moneyers were removing the older worn coinage and replacing them with brand new coins and in the process keeping some of the familiar reverse designs that the Roman public had grown accustomed to.

With that in mind, this very rare coin which copies not only the reverse design from a denarius of Octavian, it also copies the obverse. The only change is with the reverse legend VESP AVG to indicate Vespasian's authority. Being undated, it is difficult to correctly place in the series. RIC assigns it to 74 AD based on the legends. D. Hendin to 71-72, just after Vespasian and Titus' joint triumph for the Jewish War.

This denarius is so rare I have only been able to locate six other examples, all of which are in public collections: BM 3 examples (one plated), Paris (BNC 121, obv die match with mine), Berlin (rev die match with mine), and ANA NY. Curtis Clay has kindly informed me of several other examples offered at auction: "Glendining, 1952, Ryan Part 5, part of lot 2147, not illustrated, 'only fine but rare.' Perhaps the same coin as Trau Sale, 1935, lot 625, pl. 8: a worn example. Stack's, Knobloch, May 1980, lot 300. VF, but small edge chip (the ANA NY coin). Leu, April 1982, lot 327, VF."

I think the RIC frequency rating of 'rare' really underestimates the rarity of the type.

Fantastic old cabinet toning on a large 20mm flan.
17 commentsDavid Atherton
V1547a.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-1547103 viewsAR Denarius, 3.59g
Antioch mint, 72-73 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: VICTORIA AVG; Victory stg. r., on globe, with wreath and palm
RIC 1547 (R2). BMC 498. RSC 588. RPC 1921 (2 spec.). BNC -.
Ex Nomos Obolos 7, 9 July 2017, lot 313.

An exceptionally rare denarius from Antioch - it is only the eighth known example (the others are: BM, Vienna, Tom Cederlind 2007, Helios 4, Gemini X, CNG E339, Lanz eBay 2017). This left facing portrait is unique in the Antiochene denarius issues, as well as the only appearance of Victory on globe in the series. Butcher and Ponting's metal analysis of the type found a silver bullion content of 99% - a remarkable level of fineness for an imperial or provincial issue at that time. The portrait style is identical to the Antiochene tetradrachms with the left facing portraits and eagle on base reverses struck somewhat contemporaneously in 71-72. This is strong evidence that the same die engravers were producing both imperial and provincial issues at Antioch.

A stunning portrait in ultra-high relief.
9 commentsDavid Atherton
011.JPG
YEAR-END REVIEW OF GREEK COLLECTION (OBVERSE)110 viewsClick on picture for bigger resolution.

Top row from left to right: MYSIA, PERGAMMON. Eumenes I AR Tetradrachm. Circa 263-241 BC **ILLYRIA, DYRRHACHION. AR Stater. Circa 340-280 BC**IONIA, SMYRNA. AR “Stephanophoric” Tetradrachm. Circa 150-145 BC** PELOPONNESOS, SIKYON. AR Stater. Circa 335-330 BC**ATTICA, ATHENS. “New style” Tetradrachm. Circa 169 BC.

Sixth row: BACTRIA, Antialkidas. AR Drachm. Circa 145-135 BC**CAPPADOCIA. Ariobarzanes I AR Drachm. Circa 96-63 BC**THRACE, ABDERA. AR Tetrobol. Circa 360-350 BC**THRACE, CHERSONESSOS. AR Hemidrachm. Circa 386-338 BC.

Fifth row: IONIA, EPHESOS. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 405-390 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Mazaios AR Stater. Circa 361-334 BC **MACEDONIA. Kassander AR Tetradrachm. Circa 317-315 BC**AKARNANIA, LEUKAS. AR Stater. Circa 320-280 BC**PAMPHYLIA, ASPENDOS. AR Stater. Circa 330-300 BC.

Fourth row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos VI AR Drachm. Circa 144-143 BC**LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 340-330 BC**LUCANIA, VELIA. AR Stater. Circa 280 BC**PARTHIA. Mithradates II AR Drachm. Circa 121-91 BC.

Third row: AEOLIS, MYRINA. AR "Stephanophoric" Tetradrachm. Circa 150 BC**CARIA. Pixodaros AR Didrachm. Circa 341-335 BC**THRACE. Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 297-281 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Pharnabazos AR Stater. Circa 380-374 BC**THRACE, MARONEIA. AR Tetradrachm. Mid 2nd cent. BC.

Second Row: LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 510-480 BC** THESSALIAN LEAGUE. AR Stater. Circa 196-146 BC**CAMPANIA, NEAPOLIS. AR Nomos. Circa 275-250 BC**LYCIA, PRE-DYNASTIC. AR Stater. Circa 520-460 BC.

Bottom row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos Euergetes VII AR Tetradrachm. Circa 138-129 BC**MACEDON. Alexander III AR Tetradrachm. Circa 325-315 BC**CILICIA, AIGEAI. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 30 BC**PAIONIA. Patraos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 335-315 BC**PAMPHYLIA, SIDE. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 155-36 BC.
1 commentsJason T
012.JPG
YEAR-END REVIEW OF GREEK COLLECTION (REVERSE)117 viewsTHE LESS OFTEN DISPLAYED SIDE OF MY COINS.
Please click on picture for bigger resolution.

Top row from left to right: MYSIA, PERGAMMON. Eumenes I AR Tetradrachm. Circa 263-241 BC **ILLYRIA, DYRRHACHION. AR Stater. Circa 340-280 BC**IONIA, SMYRNA. AR “Stephanophoric” Tetradrachm. Circa 150-145 BC** PELOPONNESOS, SIKYON. AR Stater. Circa 335-330 BC**ATTICA, ATHENS. “New style” Tetradrachm. Circa 169 BC.

Sixth row: BACTRIA, Antialkidas. AR Drachm. Circa 145-135 BC**CAPPADOCIA. Ariobarzanes I AR Drachm. Circa 96-63 BC**THRACE, ABDERA. AR Tetrobol. Circa 360-350 BC**THRACE, CHERSONESSOS. AR Hemidrachm. Circa 386-338 BC.

Fifth row: IONIA, EPHESOS. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 405-390 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Mazaios AR Stater. Circa 361-334 BC **MACEDONIA. Kassander AR Tetradrachm. Circa 317-315 BC**AKARNANIA, LEUKAS. AR Stater. Circa 320-280 BC**PAMPHYLIA, ASPENDOS. AR Stater. Circa 330-300 BC.

Fourth row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos VI AR Drachm. Circa 144-143 BC**LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 340-330 BC**LUCANIA, VELIA. AR Stater. Circa 280 BC**PARTHIA. Mithradates II AR Drachm. Circa 121-91 BC.

Third row: AEOLIS, MYRINA. AR "Stephanophoric" Tetradrachm. Circa 150 BC**CARIA. Pixodaros AR Didrachm. Circa 341-335 BC**THRACE. Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 297-281 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Pharnabazos AR Stater. Circa 380-374 BC**THRACE, MARONEIA. AR Tetradrachm. Mid 2nd cent. BC.

Second Row: LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 510-480 BC** THESSALIAN LEAGUE. AR Stater. Circa 196-146 BC**CAMPANIA, NEAPOLIS. AR Nomos. Circa 275-250 BC**LYCIA, PRE-DYNASTIC. AR Stater. Circa 520-460 BC.

Bottom row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos Euergetes VII AR Tetradrachm. Circa 138-129 BC**MACEDON. Alexander III AR Tetradrachm. Circa 325-315 BC**CILICIA, AIGEAI. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 30 BC**PAIONIA. Patraos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 335-315 BC**PAMPHYLIA, SIDE. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 155-36 BC.
1 commentsJason T
TarasARnomos_nymph_behind.jpg
[2000a] Taras, Calabria, Italy, c. 272 - 235 B.C.61 viewsSilver nomos, Vlasto 877, gVF, Taras mint, 6.497g, 20.0mm, 45o, c. 272 - 235 BC. Obverse: DI above, API-STI/KL-HS below, nude youth on horseback right, spearing downward; Reverse: TARAS, Phalanthos on dolphin left, holding trident; nymph head behind. Ex FORVM.

As the world's foremost numismatist, David R. Sear, has said, 'Magna Graecia and Sicily . . . undoubtedly represent the finest examples of numismatic art in the ancient world. Personally, I am quite drawn to the coins of Taras (Tarentum) because of their infinite variety of types on the basic theme of horseman and dolphin-rider.'

This "variation on a theme" concept appeals to me on many levels, and I am reminded of Variations on a Theme by Joseph Haydn. This masterpiece was, in fact, not composed by Haydn but Johannes Brahms. The B-flat major theme was "borrowed" from Haydn by Brahms for his composition. But there is another nice twist; modern scholarship, for the most part, now agrees that the theme wasn't Haydn's at all. He, too, had "borrowed" it.

So what does this detour into audio art's "variation on a theme" business have to do with numismatics? The ancient Greeks have a wonderful word for art "based upon" art; the word is ekphrasis (ecphrasis). It comes from the Greek ek 'out' and phrasis 'speak'. The verb ekphrazein, means to proclaim or call. One example of ekphrasis is a painting of a sculpture: the painting is "telling the story of" the sculpture, and so becoming a storyteller, as well as a story (work of art) itself. Or it may operate the other way round. Any art may describe any other art. In a manner that I find captivating, I understand these silver nomos of Taras as numismatic art "telling the story of" numismatic art: at once the story teller and the story.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
3 commentsCleisthenes
   
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