Classical Numismatics Discussion Members' Gallery
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register.

Members' Gallery Home | Member Collections | Last Added | Last Comments | Most Viewed | Top Rated | My Favorities | Search Galleries
Search results - "Nabataean"
Nabatea Incierta Plomo.jpg
01-01 - INCIERTO21 viewsPlomo 13 x 12 mm 1.3 gr.

Anv: Cabeza de Zeus viendo a derecha.
Rev: Toro avanzando a izquierda. Con leyenda sobre él.

Referencias: Hoover, O.D., 2006. A Reassessment of Nabatean Lead Coinage in Light of New Discoveries, Numismatic Chronicle, Vol.166, 2006, pp.105-119, pl.27-30. (Thanks boazin)
mdelvalle
Nabatea Aretas II Meshorer 1.jpg
03-05 - Aretas III (82-67 A.C.)111 viewsAE 14 x 15 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: Cabeza de Atenas viendo a derecha, con yelmo y largo cabello de puntos.
Rev: Nike viendo a izquierda, portando un objeto incierto en mano izquierdo y corona en derecha Creciente y "Λ"(A?) en campo izq.

Ceca: Damasco – Syria

Referencias: Meshorer #1
mdelvalle
Nabatea Aretas IV y Phasael.jpg
04-02 - Aretas IV (9 A.C. - 40 D.C.)29 viewsEste tipo fue acuñado en nombre de Aretas IV y su hijo Phasael.
AE14 13 x 12 mm 2.1 gr.

Anv: Cabeza laureada de Aretas viendo a derecha.
Rev: Hoja de palma a izquierda, dos cornucopias apareadas a der. Debajo Monograma en arameo "PS" (Phasael hijo de Aretas).

Acuñada: Posiblemente esta serie haya sido acuñada en el año del nacimiento de Cristo.
Ceca: Petra

Referencias: SNG ANS 6.1430 - Meshorer #61
mdelvalle
Nabatea Aretas IV.jpg
04-05 - Aretas IV (9 A.C. - 40 D.C.)21 viewsAE 13 x 12 mm 1.9 gr.

Anv: Cabeza laureada de Aretas con pelo largo, vistiendo ornamentos en su cabeza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: Dos cornucopias cruzadas. Entre los cuernos monograma en arameo "HR" (Het Ros = Aretas).

Ceca: Petra

Referencias: Sear GICTV #5701 Pag.560 - B.M.C. Vol.28 (Arabia) #27 Pag 9 - Meshorer #67
mdelvalle
foto5.jpg
04-07 - Aretas IV (9 A.C. - 40 D.C.)23 viewsAE 14 mm 3.4 gr.

Anv: Cabeza laureada de Aretas con pelo largo viendo a derecha. Monograma en arameo al frente derecha "H" (Het).
Rev: Dos cornucopias cruzadas. Entre ellos monograma en arameo "H" (Het).

Meshore indicates het right on the obverse. Schmitt-Korte, NC 1990, indicates the het right is not present but also identifies a new varitey (Schmitt-Korte 43) with het left on the obverse. The het right on the obverse is clear on this specimen. (Forum Catalog)

Ceca: Petra

Referencias: B.M.C. Vol.28 #30 Pag 9 - SNG ANS 6.1432 - Meshorer #70 - Sear GICTV #5701 Pag.560
mdelvalle
foto6.jpg
04-09 - Aretas IV (9 A.C. - 40 D.C.)26 viewsAE 12 x 13 mm 1.2 gr.

Anv: Cabeza laureada de Aretas con pelo largo viendo a derecha. Sin Monograma al frente derecha.
Rev: Dos cornucopias cruzadas. Entre ellos monograma en arameo "H" (Het).

Meshore indicates het right on the obverse. Schmitt-Korte, NC 1990, indicates the het right is not present and also identifies a new varitey (Schmitt-Korte 43) with het left on the obverse. We have had all three types - het left, het right and none at all. The het right on the obverse is not present on this specimen. (Forum catalog)

Ceca: Petra

Referencias: Sear GICTV #5701 Pag.560 - B.M.C. Vol.28 #30 Pag 9 - Meshorer #70 var.
mdelvalle
foto8.jpg
04-12 - Aretas IV (9 A.C. - 40 D.C.)22 viewsEste tipo fue acuñado en nombre de Aretas IV y su esposa/hermana? Shuqailat.
AE 17 x 14 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: Bustos conjugados laureados y vestidos de Aretas IV y su Reina Shaquilath viendo a derecha."Letras arameas en el campo".
Rev: Dos cornucopias cruzadas. Entre ellas leyenda en arameo "ARETAS, SHUQAILAT" (En 2 líneas entre los cuernos HRTT/SQY y una debajo LT).

Acuñada: 39 - 40 D.C.
Ceca: Petra

Referencias: Sear GICTV #5699 Pag.560 - B.M.C. Vol.28 #15-20 Pag 8 - SNG ANS #6.1438-43 - Meshorer #114 - SNG Copenhagen #127-131
mdelvalle
foto7.jpg
04-14 - Aretas IV (9 A.C. - 40 D.C.)18 viewsEste tipo fue acuñado en nombre de Aretas IV y su esposa/hermana? Shuqailat.
AE 17 x 16 mm 3.8 gr.

Anv: Bustos conjugados laureados y vestidos de Aretas IV y su Reina Shaquilath viendo a derecha."Letras arameas en el campo".
Rev: Dos cornucopias cruzadas. Entre ellas leyenda en arameo "ARETAS, SHUQAILAT" (En 2 líneas entre los cuernos HRTT/SQY y una debajo LT).

Acuñada: 39 - 40 D.C.
Ceca: Petra

Referencias: Sear GICTV #5699 Pag.560 - B.M.C. Vol.28 #15-20 Pag 8 - SNG ANS #6.1438-43 - Meshorer #114 - SNG Copenhagen #127-131
mdelvalle
foto9.jpg
04-16 - Aretas IV (9 A.C. - 40 D.C.)24 viewsEste tipo fue acuñado en nombre de Aretas IV y su esposa/hermana? Shuqailat.
AE 15 x 13 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: Bustos conjugados laureados y vestidos de Aretas IV y su Reina Shaquilath viendo a derecha."Letras arameas en el campo".
Rev: Dos cornucopias cruzadas. Entre ellas leyenda en arameo "ARETAS, SHUQAILAT" (En 2 líneas entre los cuernos HRTT/SQY y una debajo LT).

Acuñada: 39 - 40 D.C.
Ceca: Petra

Referencias: Sear GICTV #5699 Pag.560 - B.M.C. Vol.28 #15-20 Pag 8 - SNG ANS #6.1438-43 - Meshorer #114 - SNG Copenhagen #127-131
mdelvalle
foto11.jpg
04-20 - Malichus II (40 - 70 D.C.)24 viewsEste tipo fue acuñado en nombre de Malichus II y su esposa/hermana? Shuqailat II.
AE 12 x 14 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: Bustos conjugados laureados y vestidos de Malichus II y su Reina (y hermana?) Shaquilath II viendo a derecha. Gráfila de puntos.
Rev: Dos cornucopias cruzadas y fileteadas. Entre ellas leyenda en arameo "MALICHUS / SHUQAI / LAT" (En 2 líneas entre los cuernos y una debajo). Grafila de puntos.

Ceca: Petra

Referencias: Sear GCTV Vol.2 #5703 Pag.560 - B.M.C. Vol.28 #4-5 Pag 11 - SNG ANS #6.1444 - Meshorer #140A
mdelvalle
foto12.jpg
04-22 - Malichus II (40 - 70 D.C.)23 viewsEste tipo fue acuñado en nombre de Malichus II y su esposa/hermana? Shuqailat II.
AE 13 x 14 mm 3.2 gr.

Anv: Bustos conjugados laureados y vestidos de Malichus II y su Reina (y hermana?) Shaquilath II viendo a derecha. Gráfila de puntos.
Rev: Dos cornucopias cruzadas y fileteadas. Entre ellas leyenda en arameo "MALICHUS / SHUQAI / LAT" (En 2 líneas entre los cuernos y una debajo). Grafila de puntos.

Ceca: Petra

Referencias: Sear GCTV Vol.2 #5703 Pag.560 - B.M.C. Vol.28 #4-5 Pag 11 - SNG ANS #6.1444 - Meshorer #140A
mdelvalle
foto10.jpg
04-24 - Malichus II (40 - 70 D.C.)21 viewsEste tipo fue acuñado en nombre de Malichus II y su esposa/hermana? Shuqailat II.
AE 14 x 15 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: Bustos conjugados laureados y vestidos de Malichus II y su Reina (y hermana?) Shaquilath II viendo a derecha. Gráfila de puntos.
Rev: Dos cornucopias cruzadas y fileteadas. Entre ellas leyenda en arameo "MALICHUS / SHUQAI / LAT" (En 2 líneas entre los cuernos y una debajo). Grafila de puntos.

Ceca: Petra

Referencias: Sear GCTV Vol.2 #5703 Pag.560 - B.M.C. Vol.28 #4-5 Pag 11 - SNG ANS #6.1444 - Meshorer #140A
mdelvalle
foto13.jpg
04-30 - Rabbel II (70 - 106 D.C.)28 viewsEste tipo fue acuñado en nombre de Rabbel II y su esposa/hermana? Gamilath.
AE 16 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: Cabezas conjugadas laureadas de Rabbel II y su Reina (y hermana?) Gamilath viendo a derecha. Él con pelo largo y ornamentos sobre su cabeza.
Rev: Dos cornucopias cruzadas y fileteadas. Entre ellas leyenda en arameo "RABBEL / GAMILATH" (En 2 líneas entre los cuernos).

Acuñada: 76 - 102 D.C.
Ceca: Petra

Referencias: Sear GCTV Vol.2 #5706 Pag.560 - B.M.C. Vol.28 #3-7 Pag 13 - SNG ANS #6.1447-50 - Meshorer #163a
mdelvalle
foto14.jpg
04-32 - Rabbel II (70 - 106 D.C.)25 viewsEste tipo fue acuñado en nombre de Rabbel II y su esposa/hermana? Gamilath.
AE 17 x 15 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: Cabezas conjugadas laureadas de Rabbel II y su Reina (y hermana?) Gamilath viendo a derecha. Él con pelo largo y ornamentos sobre su cabeza.
Rev: Dos cornucopias cruzadas y fileteadas. Entre ellas leyenda en arameo "RABBEL / GAMILATH" (En 2 líneas entre los cuernos).

Acuñada: 76 - 102 D.C.
Ceca: Petra

Referencias: Sear GCTV Vol.2 #5706 Pag.560 - B.M.C. Vol.28 #3-7 Pag 13 - SNG ANS #6.1447-50 - Meshorer #163a
1 commentsmdelvalle
1_Aretas_II__III.jpg
1. Aretas III 87-62 BC43 viewsMint: Damascus
Ref: Meshorer Nabataean Coins,type 1
OBV: Helmeted head of Athena facing right.
REV: Nike standing left, holding wreath.
Size: AE15 mm

1 commentsbrian l
1__Aretas_IV.jpg
2. King Aretas IV Philopatris 9 BC-40 AD and Queen Shaquilath 67 viewsMint: Petra
Ref: Meshorer Nabataean Coins,type 112,113,114 , SNG ANS 1438–43
Obv: Jugate busts of Aretas IV & Queen Shaquilath, Laureate, facing right.
Rev: Crossed cornucopia;Nabataean script.
Aretas/Shaquilath in three lines; two above and one below cornucopia.
T T R H
Y Q S
T L
Size: AE17mm
2 commentsbrian l
w9~1.JPG
205. Severus Alexander; Bostra, Arabia17 viewsSeverus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Bostra, Arabia

Bronze AE 19, SNG ANS 1218-1220, aF, 4.27g, 19.3mm, 180o, Bostra mint, IMP CAES M AVB SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse COLONIA BOSTRA, draped and turreted bust of Tyche left holding cornucopia; Bostra was the northern capital of the Nabataeans, until Trajan annexed the kingdom. It was then capital of Provincia Arabia, where the Third Legio Cyrenaica was garrisoned. The emperor Philip was born in Bostra and designated the city a metropolis.

Ex- CNG sale 143, Lot: 340
ecoli
1__Malichus_II.jpg
3. Malichus II 40-70 AD and Queen Shuqailat II69 viewsMint: Petra
Ref: Meshorer Nabataean Coins,140A, SNG ANS 1444
Obv: Jugate busts of Malichus II and Shuqailat II-Laureate, facing right.
Rev: Crossed cornucopia;Nabataean script.
Malichus/Shaquilath in three lines; two above and one below cornucopia.
W K L M
Y Q S
T L
Size: AE16mm
1 commentsbrian l
1__Rabbel_II.jpg
4. King Rabbel II Soter 70-106 AD and Queen Gamilath82 viewsMint: Petra
Ref: Meshorer Nabataean Coins type,163,164, SNG ANS 1445-1451
Obv: Jugate busts of Rabbel II & Queen Gamilath,Laureate, facing right.
Rev: Crossed cornucopia; Nabataean script.
Rabbel/Gamilath in two lines between horns.
L B R
T L M G
Size: AE17mm
1 commentsbrian l
Antiochus_XII.jpg
Antiochos XII 87-84 BC21 viewsAntiochus XII 87–86/5 BC, Damascus mint Ae 22mm, Weight 7.1g. Obv: Beardless diademed bust of Antiochus XII right. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΚΑΛΛΙΝΙΚΟΥ – Tyche standing left with palm branch in right hand and cornucopia in left, dotted border. Reference: SC 2, 2476; SNG Israel I, Nos. 2900–2902. SPAER 2897

Antiochus XII Dionysus (Epiphanes/Philopator/Callinicus), a ruler of the Greek Seleucid kingdom who reigned 87–84 BC, was the fifth son of Antiochus VIII Grypus and Tryphaena to take up the diadem. He succeeded his brother Demetrius III Eucaerus as separatist ruler of the southern parts of the last remaining Seleucid realms, basically Damascus and its surroundings.

Antiochus initially gained support from Ptolemaic forces and was the last Seleucid ruler of any military reputation, even if it was on a local scale. He made several raids into the territories of the Jewish Hasmonean kings, and tried to check the rise of the Nabataean Arabs. A battle against the latter turned out to be initially successful, until the young king was caught in a melee and killed by an Arab soldier. Upon his death the Syrian army fled and mostly perished in the desert. Soon after, the Nabateans conquered Damascus.

Antiochus' titles - apart from Dionysos - mean respectively (God) Manifest, Father-loving and Beautiful Victor. The last Seleucid kings often used several epithets on their coins.
ddwau
v6~0.jpg
Arabia Petraea, Petra. Aretas IV Ae157 viewsKings of the Nabataeans
Obv: Aretas IV stands between palm branch and monogram.
Rev: His wife Shaqilat standing left, raising hand; wreath to left.
9 B.C.-A.D. 40
Meshorer 97, SNG Cop. -
ancientone
Arabia,_Nabataea,_Aretas_IV_and_Shugailat,_Meshorer_114,_AE_16,_Jugate_busts,_cornuacopiae,_39-40_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_12,2x15,5mm,_3,18g-s.jpg
Arabia, Nabataea, Kings, Aretas IV. (9 B.C.-40 A.D.), Meshorer 114, AE-16, Two crossed cornucopias with Nabataean Aramaic legend, #165 viewsArabia, Nabataea, Kings, Aretas IV. (9 B.C.-40 A.D.), Meshorer 114, AE-16, Two crossed cornucopias with Nabataean Aramaic legend, #1
avers: Jugate busts of King Aretas IV. conjoined with his Queen Shugailat right.
reverse: Two crossed cornucopias with Nabataean Aramaic legend Aretas and Shugailat in two lines between.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,2-15,5mm, weight: 3,18g, axis: 0h,
mint: Arabia, Nabataea, Kings, Aretas IV. date: 9 B.C.-40 A.D.,
ref: Meshorer 114,
Q-001
quadrans
Arabia,_Nabataea,_Rabbell_II_and_Gamilat,_Meshorer_163,_AE_18,_Jugate_busts,_cornuacopiae,_39-40_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_13x16mm,_2,84g-s.jpg
Arabia, Nabataea, Kings, Rabbell II. (70-106 A.D.), Meshorer 163, AE-18, Two crossed cornucopias with Nabataean Aramaic legend, #163 viewsArabia, Nabataea, Kings, Rabbell II. (70-106 A.D.), Meshorer 163, AE-18, Two crossed cornucopias with Nabataean Aramaic legend, #1
avers: Jugate busts of king Rabbell II. conjoined with his queen Gamilath right.
reverse: Two crossed cornucopias with Nabataean Aramaic legend Rabbell and Gamilath in two lines between.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 13,0-16,0mm, weight: 2,84g, axis: 0h,
mint: Arabia, Nabataea, Kings, Rabbell II. date: 70-106 A.D.,
ref: Meshorer 163,
Q-001
quadrans
Nabataean_Kingdom,_Aretas_III,_87_-_62_B_C_.jpg
Aretas III, 87 - 62 B.C. Bronze AE 16, Meshorer 118 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Aretas III, 87 - 62 B.C. Among the first Nabatean coins. After gaining Damascus, Aretas assumed the title Philhellenos to appease the Hellenistic population. He also adopted the Greek practice of striking coins. This coin is similar to Seleucid types that preceded it from the same mint. Bronze AE 16, Meshorer 1 (with crescent and L) or 1A (without crescent and L), aF, Damascus mint, 3.197g, 16.4mm, 0o, 84 - 71 B.C.; obverse head right with crested helmet, long hair as dotted lines; reverse , Nike standing left, uncertain object in left, wreath in right, crescent over “L” (=A) left (off flan?). Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Nabataean_Kingdom,_Aretas_III,_87_-_62_B_C_~0.jpg
Aretas III, 87 - 62 B.C. Bronze AE 16, Meshorer 19 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Aretas III, 87 - 62 B.C. Bronze AE 16, Meshorer 1 (with crescent and L) or 1A (without crescent and L), F, Damascus mint, 4.333g, 16.3mm, 0o, 84 - 71 B.C.; obverse head right with crested helmet, long hair as dotted lines; reverse , Nike standing left, uncertain object in left, wreath in right, crescent over “L” (=A) left (off flan?) Among the first Nabatean coins. After gaining Damascus, Aretas assumed the title Philhellenos to appease the Hellenistic population. He also adopted the Greek practice of striking coins. This coin is similar to Seleucid types that preceded it from the same mint. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Nabataean_Kingdom,_Aretas_III.jpg
Aretas III, 87 - 62 B.C. Bronze AE 16, Meshorer 28 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Aretas III, 87 - 62 B.C. Bronze AE 16, Meshorer 2, aF, Damascus mint, 4.568g, 15.3mm, 0o, 84 - 71 B.C.; obverse head right with crested helmet, long hair as dotted lines; reverse , Nike standing left, uncertain object in left, wreath in right, crescent over “L” (=A) left. Meshorer 2 is described as, "Extremely careless style. Same as [Meshorer] No.1. Generally difficult to distinguish the details. Many of these coins are of a debased weight and struck on irregular flans." Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Nabataean_Kingdom,_Aretas_III,_87_-_62_B_C.jpg
Aretas III, 87 - 62 B.C. Bronze AE 16, Meshorer Nabataean 1A9 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Aretas III, 87 - 62 B.C. Bronze AE 16, Meshorer Nabataean 1A (without crescent and L), F, Damascus mint, 3.176g, 14.7mm, 0o, 84 - 71 B.C.; obverse head right with crested helmet, long hair as dotted lines; reverse , Nike standing left, uncertain object in left, wreath in right, crescent over Λ (=A) left. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Nabataean_Aretas_IV_with_Huldu(9).jpg
Aretas IV and Queen Huldu172 viewsobverse: Aretas, het near chin
reverse: crossed cornucopiae, het right and left
vacationchick
4201_(1)_4202_(1)~0.jpg
Aretas IV and Shaquelat, AE17, Double Cornucopiae10 viewsAE17
Aretas IV and Shaquelat
King: 9BC - 40AD
Issued: 40AD
17.0mm 4.60gr
O: NO LEGEND; Jugate busts of Aretas IV (King) and Shaquelat (Queen).
R: NO LEGEND; Double cornucopiae, names of King and Queen in Nabataean Aramaic between them.
Meshorer 114cf; SGI 5699.
zurqieh_dubai 291411235401
3/20/15 4/30/17
Nicholas Z
Aretas.jpg
Aretas IV Nabataea50 viewsAretas IV, 9 BC-40 AD, King of Nabataea, bronze of 18 mm, 3.46 grams.

Obverse: Jugate busts of Aretas and Shuqailait, Nabataean Aramaic letters above heads.

Reverse: Double cornucopias, the names of the King and Queen in Nabataean Aramaic between them.

Reference: cf. Meshorer 114.

Tanit
Nabataean_Kingdom,_Aretas_IV,_9_B_C__-_40_A_D__eagle.jpg
Aretas IV, 9 B.C. - 40 A.D. 33056. Bronze AE 11, Meshorer Nabataean 9311 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Aretas IV, 9 B.C. - 40 A.D. Bronze AE 11, Meshorer Nabataean 93, F, Petra mint, 0.982g, 11.2mm, 0o, 5 - 6 A.D.; obverse Aretas' Aramaic monogram O / H (ayin / het) within wreath; reverse , eagle standing left, wings closed, H (Aramaic het) behind. Aretas' daughter was married to Herod Antipas, Herod the Great's son, and the Tetrarch of Galilee. This coin resembles a coin minted by King Herod and the reverse probably depicts the golden bird Herod placed above the entrance to the Jerusalem Temple. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
aretas_IV_queen.jpg
Aretas IV, 9 B.C. - 40 A.D. Bronze AE 12, Shaquilath; Meshorer 1198 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Aretas IV, 9 B.C. - 40 A.D. Bronze AE 12, Aretas IV facing right, / Queen Shaquilath facing right, Meshorer 119. Podiceps
Nabataean_Kingdom,_Aretas_IV,_9_B_C__-_40_A_D_.jpg
Aretas IV, 9 B.C. - 40 A.D. Bronze AE 13, Meshorer 678 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Aretas IV, 9 B.C. - 40 A.D. Bronze AE 13, Meshorer 67; BMC Arabia p. 9, 27, F, Petra mint, 1.955g, 13.7mm, 0o, obverse laureate head of Aretas right; reverse , two crossed cornucopias, HR (Het Ros = Aretas) between the horns. Aretas IV took the name Philopatris, lover of his people. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
aretas_IV_foure.jpg
Aretas IV, 9 B.C. - 40 A.D., Fouree silver plated drachm4 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Aretas IV, 9 B.C. - 40 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit. Fouree silver plated drachm, cf. Meshorer Nabataean 99 - 111, BMC Arabia 11 - 12, and SGICV 5695 - 6 (official, Petra mint, 20 - 40 A.D.), F, illegal mint, 3.364g, 13.8mm, 45o, after 20 A.D.; obverse Aramaic, 'Aretas, king of the Nabataeans, lover of his people', laureate and draped bust of Aretas right; reverse Aramaic, 'Shuqailat, queen of the Nabataeans, year ?' (date off flan), jugate busts of Aretas and Shuqailat right. Aretas IV was the greatest of the Nabataean kings, ruling S. Palestine, most of Trans-Jordan, N. Arabia, and Damascus. Little is known of him because Nabataeans did not keep records. Paul mentions Aretas in connection with his visit to Damascus (2 Corinthians 11:32). Ex FORVMPodiceps
aretas_IV_eagle.jpg
Aretas IV, AE 11, Eagle; Meshorer 9313 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Aretas IV, 9 B.C. - 40 A.D. Bronze AE 11, Meshorer Nabataean 93, Petra mint, 5 - 6 A.D.; obverse Aretas' Aramaic monogram O / H (ayin / het) within wreath; reverse, eagle standing left, wings closed, H (Aramaic het) behind.Podiceps
Nabataean_pottery_1.jpg
BCC cg825 viewsNabataean Pottery Fragments
1st - 2nd century CE?
Four small fragments found near
each other, with old breaks. Probably
part of a decorated plate or bowl of
very fine clay. The Nabataeans were
well-known for their extraordinary
“eggshell thin” decorated ceramic work.
A fairly unusual surface find from the
beach south of Caesarea Maritima, 1973.
Overall length and width: 3.3cm.x3.0cm.
Thickness: less than 2.0mm.
v-drome
nabataean_1.jpg
BCC NC122 viewsNabataean Kingdom - Petra
Rabbel II and Gamilat 70 - 106 CE
(Gamilat, queen 76-102CE)
Obv: Jugate busts of Rabbel II and Queen Shaquilat (!)
Rev:RB’L /GMLT Nabataean inscription in two lines
between crossed cornucopiae.
17x15mm. 1.67gm. Axis:0
This coin is a hybrid of an obverse die from the early part
of Rabbel II’s reign (Meshorer 146), combined with a later
reverse of Rabbel II and Queen Gamilat (Meshorer 163).
Reference: Meshorer 162, Rare.
(Thanks to John Anthony for the attribution)
v-drome
nabataean_2.jpg
BCC NC221 viewsBCC NC2 - Nabataean Kindom - Petra
Rabbel II and Gamilat 70 - 106 CE
(Gamilat, queen 76-102 CE)
Obv: Jugate busts of Rabbel II and (Queen Gamilat)
Rev:RB’L /GMLT Nabataean inscription in two lines
between crossed cornucopiae. Thick, undersize flan.
17x14mm. 2.97gm. Axis:45
Meshorer 163 (style 1)
v-drome
EB0309b_scaled.JPG
EB0309 Aretas IV / Cornucopiae2 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Aretas IV AE15, 9 BC - 40 AD.
Obverse: Jugate busts of Aretas IV and Queen Shuquilat?
Reverse: Crossed cornucopias, Nabataean inscriptions.
References: -.
Diameter: 15mm, Weight: 2.666g.
EB
PET125_Reality_-_Ed_Deir.JPG
Jordan, Petra - Ed Deir162 viewsThis is Ed Deir, one of the 'high places' of Petra. There's a rock cut path, you have to climb about 800 steps above Cardo level to get there, but worth it. Early Western visitors called it 'the Monastery', which perhaps it was during Byzantine times, originally though, a Nabataean temple (not a tomb).Abu Galyon
PET170_Qasr_al-Bint.jpg
Jordan, Petra - Qasr al-Bint137 viewsIt’s known locally by the name of Qasr al-Bint al-Faroun, ‘the Palace of Pharaoh’s Daughter’, but it’s really a Nabataean temple, probably originally dedicated to Dushrat. The Qasr al-Bint is one of the best preserved free-standing buildings in Petra and stands in a sacred precinct at the far end of the city’s Cardo. In front of the temple steps is a substantial open-air altar platform. The area still further in the foreground of the picture is now used as a Bedouin taxi rank, where the tired tourist who no longer wishes to walk can hire a camel or donkey for the trip back to the start of the Siq. Abu Galyon
1000-18-090.jpg
M. Aemilius Scaurus & Pub. Plautius Hypsaeus26 viewsIn 67 BCE, Hyrcanus II ascended to the throne of Judea. Scarcely three months later, his younger brother Aristobulus II incited a rebellion, successfully leading the uprising to overthrow Hyrcanus and take the offices of both King and High Priest. Hyrcanus was confined to Jerusalem, where he would continue to receive revenues of the latter office. However, fearing for his life, he fled to Petra and allied himself with Aretas, who agreed to support Hyrcanus after receiving the promise of having the Arabian towns taken by the Hasmoneans returned to Nabataea by Hyrcanus' chief advisor, Antipater the Idumaean.

Aretas advanced towards Jerusalem at the head of 50,000 men, besieging the city for several months. Eventually, Aristobulus bribed Marcus Aemilius Scaurus, deputy of the Roman general Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus. Scaurus ordered Aretas to withdraw his army, which then suffered a crushing defeat at the hands of Aristobulus on the journey back to Nabatea.

Despite the compliance of Aretas, in 62 BCE Scaurus marched on Petra. However, a combination of the rough terrain and low supplies, obliged Scaurus to seek the aid of Hyrcanus, now High Priest (not king) of Judea, who sent Antipater to barter for peace with Aretas. The siege was lifted in exchange for several hundred talents of silver (to Scaurus himself) and recognition of Roman supremacy over Nabatea. Aretas would retain all Nabataean territory and possessions, becoming a vassal of the Roman Empire.

M. Aemilius Scaurus & Pub. Plautius Hypsaeus. 58 B.C. AR denarius (18.8 mm, 3.75 g, 3 h). Rome mint. M SCAVRV above, AED CVR in exergue, EX - SC on either side, REX ARETAS in exergue, King Aretas kneeling beside camel right, offering olive branch / P HVPSAEVS/AED CVR above, C·HVPSAE COS/PREIVER in exergue, CAPTV on right, Jupiter driving quadriga left. Crawford 422/1b; Sydenham 913; RSC Aemilia 8. Fine.
ecoli
nab.jpg
Malichus II & Shuqailat II (40 - 70 A.D.)29 viewsNabataean Kingdom
Æ Unit
O: Jugate busts of Malichus & Shuqailatt right
R: Crossed Cornucopia
1. WKLM
2. YQS
3. TL
from r. to l. MLKW / SQY / LT
= Maliku / Shuqailat
19mm
2.51g
SNG XI#I444
1 commentsMat
Nabataean_Kingdom,_Malichus_II,_40_-_70_A_D_.jpg
Malichus II, 40 - 70 A.D. Bronze AE 16, Meshorer 140A4 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Malichus II, 40 - 70 A.D. Bronze AE 16, Meshorer 140A, S 5703, SNG ANS 1444, BMC 4-5, VF, Petra mint, 2.211g, 16.5mm, 0o, obverse jugate laureate and draped bust of Malichus II and Shuqailat II right; reverse , two cornucopias, crossed and filleted, Aramaic legend, "Malichus / Shuqai/lat" in two lines above and one below the cornucopias; irregular flan. The Meshorer 140A variety does not have monograms on the obverse. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Nabataean_Kingdom,_Malichus_II,_40_-_70_A_D__-_140_A.jpg
Malichus II, 40 - 70 A.D. Bronze AE 16, Meshorer 140A6 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Malichus II, 40 - 70 A.D. Bronze AE 16, Meshorer 140A, S 5703, SNG ANS 1444, BMC 4-5, F, Petra mint, 2.214g, 16.6mm, 0o, obverse jugate laureate and draped bust of Malichus II and Shuqailat II right; reverse , two cornucopias, crossed and filleted, Aramaic legend, "Malichus / Shuqai/lat" in two lines above and one below the cornucopias. The Meshorer 140A variety does not have monograms on the obverse. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
ScaurusHypsaeus.jpg
Marcus Aemilius Scaurus and Publius Plautius Hypsaeus, 58 B.C.60 viewsDenarius, Rome mint, 4.08g, 18mm, 58 B.C.; O: Aretas, King of Nabataea, kneeling beside camel raising olive branch with fillet, M SCAVR / AED CVR above, EX - S C at sides, REX ARETAS in ex; reverse Jupiter in quadriga left, reins in right, hurling thunderbolt with left, scorpion below, P HVPSAEVS / AED CVR above, CAPTVM on right, C HVPSAE COS / PREIVE in ex. Hendin 1441.

When M. Aemilius, was governor of Syria, this type was struck to commemorate the defeat of Aretas III by Pompey's general Marcus Scaurus. Pub. Plautius was curule aedile with M. Aemilius in 58 BCE.

By making territorial concessions to Aretas III, Hyrcanus II induced the Nabataean king to join with him in the battle against his brother Aristobulus II. Their combined forces besieged Aristobulus II in Jerusalem in 65 BCE. At about this same time, Pompey's armies, led by Scaurus marched into the East. The brothers appealed to Rome to settle the dispute. Initially Scaurus favored Aristobulus II, but, in 62 BCE, Pompey ruled that Hyrcanus was the rightful king.
2 commentsNemonater
edessa_GordianIII_BMC159.jpg
Mesopotamia, Edessa, Gordian III, BMC 15916 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 19, 5.46g, 19.31mm, 330°
struck AD 242-244
obv. AVTOK K M ANT GORDIANOC CEB
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, radiate, r.
rev. ABGAROC - BACILEVC
bearded bust of Aelius Septimius Abgar XI. Phraates, draped and wearing Parthian tiara, diademed, r.
ref. BMC 159; SNG Copenhagen 227
about VF, dark green patina with sandy encrustations

Abgar was king of the kingdom of Osrhoene at the Upper Euphrat in Mesopotamia, situated between the Roman and the Parthian empire. The inhabitants, the Orrhoei, were relatives of the Nabataeans. Their capital city was Edessa. This name has been given to the city by Seleukos I Nikator referring to the capital of Makedonia.
Jochen
aretas_f.JPG
NABATAEA, Aretas IV & Queen Shuqailait, AE19, 9 BC - AD 40. 28 viewsObv: Jugate busts of Aretas IV & Shuqailait.
Rev: Double cornucopias, the names of the King & Queen in Nabataean Aramaic between them.

Meshorer 114; GICV: 5699
anthivs
nabbmc4_5OR.jpg
Nabataea, Malichus II, BMC 4-527 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Petra mint, Malichus II, 40 - 70 A.D. AE, 16mm 3.40g, BMC 4-5, S 5703
O: jugate laureate and draped bust of Malichus II and Shaquilath II right
R: two cornucopias, crossed and filleted, Aramaic legend, "Malichus/ Shaquilath" in two lines above and one below cornucopia.
casata137ec
rabbel-2-nabataean-.jpg
Nabataea, Rabbel II with Gamilat, AR Sela 3.4g, (76 AD), Year 611 viewsAncient Greek, Nabataea, Rabbel II with Gamilat, AR Sela 3.4g, (76 AD), Year 6

Obverse: RBAL MLK NBTW SNT 6, Laureate, diademed, and draped bust of Rabbel II right.

Reverse: GMLT AHTH MLKT NBTW, Veiled and draped bust of Gamilat right.

Reference:

Viewable with Everson Mono and Unifont

Obverse legend:

𐢛𐢃𐢁𐢑𐢓𐢑𐢎𐢕𐢃𐢞𐢈𐢝𐢕𐢞𐢬𐢧 - RBAL MLK NBTW SNT 6

Reverse Legend:

𐢄𐢓𐢑𐢞𐢁𐢊𐢞𐢆𐢓𐢑𐢏𐢞𐢕𐢃𐢞𐢈 ← GMLT AHTH MLKT NBTW
Gil-galad
rabgambmca3_7OR.jpg
Nabataea, Rabbel II, BMC Arabia 3-729 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Petra mint, Rabbel II c. 76 - 102 A.D. AE, 16mm 2.38g, Meshorer Nabataean 163, SNG ANS 1450, BMC Arabia 3-7, SGICV 5706
O: jugate laureate busts of Rabbel II and Gamilath, Rabbel II has long hair and ornament on the top of his head
R: two crossed cornucopias, Aramaic legend "Rabbel / Gamilath" in two lines between the horns
casata137ec
Comb04042017120521.jpg
NABATAEA. Aretas IV. 9-6 BC.18 viewsObv : Diademed head of Aretas right.
Rev : Two crossed cornucopias, A in between.
Reference : Meshorer Nabataean 118 (Var.).
12mm, 1.63 grams.
Canaan
20180925_131125.jpg
NABATAEA. Aretas IV. 9 BC-AD 4028 viewsObv : Aramaic ayin / het (Aretas) within wreath
Rev : Eagle standing left, wings closed, Aramaic het (Aretas) behind.
Meshorer Nabataean 93, SNG ANS 1434 var (het ros ligate in wreath)
1 commentsCanaan
Untitled-2.jpg
NABATAEA. Aretas IV. 9-6 BC. Petra.53 viewsObv: Jugate laureate and draped bust of Aretas IV and Shuqailat right .
Rev :Two cornucopias crossed and filleted, Aramaic legend, "Aretas, Shuqailat" in two lines above and one below.
References: Meshorer Nabataean 114, SNG ANS 1438 ff.
1 commentsCanaan
Untitled-1_(2).jpg
NABATAEA. Aretas IV. 9-6 BC. Petra.23 viewsObv: Jugate laureate and draped bust of Aretas IV and Shuqailat right .
Rev :Two cornucopias crossed and filleted, Aramaic legend, "Aretas, Shuqailat" in two lines above and one below.
References: Meshorer Nabataean 114, SNG ANS 1438 ff.
Canaan
Comb04042017104535.jpg
NABATAEA. Malichus II, with Shaqilat II. AD 40-70.37 viewsObv : Jugate laureate and draped bust of Malichus II and Shuqailat II right .
Rev : Two cornucopias, crossed and filleted; Aramaic, "Malichus / Shuqai/lat" in two lines above and one below the cornucopias.
Reference : Meshorer Nabataean 140A, SGICV 5703, SNG ANS 1444, BMC Arabia 4-5.
16mm, 2.61 grams.


1 commentsCanaan
Meshorer-112.jpg
Nabataea: Aretas IV (9 BCE - 40 CE) Æ Unit24 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Aretas IV, 9 B.C. - 40 A.D., one of the three Biblical kings. Bronze AE 15, , 3.47gm, 19mm, Petra mint, obverse jugate laureate and draped bust of Aretas IV and Shaquilath right; reverse two cornucopias crossed and filleted, Aramaic legend, "Aretas, Shaquilath" in two lines above and one below; beautiful red earthen patina. SNG ANS 1438 - 43, Choice EF.


Aretas ruled around the time of Jesus' birth and was one of the three kings that most likely visited the baby Jesus while Judaea was under Herod the great rule. "After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem and asked, 'Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star in the east and have come to worship him" Matthew 2:1-8
1 commentsSpongeBob
xP3D4oPRX74k8yyCJf9DiQT2Hr6Hj5.jpg
Nabataea: Malichus II (40-70 CE) Æ Unit13 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Malichus II, 40 - 70 A.D., Petra mint, gVF; Bronze AE 16, BMC 4-5, S 5703, gVF, 2.88g, 16.5mm, Petra mint, obverse jugate laureate and draped bust of Malichus II and Shaquilath II right; reverse two cornucopias, crossed and filleted, Aramaic legend, "Malichus, Shaquilath" in two lines above and one below cornucopia.



http://www.answers.com/topic/nabataean During the King Malichus II reign, in 32 BC Herod the Great started a war against Nabatea, with the support of Cleopatra. The war started with Herod's army plundering Nabataea and with a large cavalry force, and the occupation of Dium. After this defeat the Nabatean forces amassed near Canatha in Syria, but were attacked and routed. Athenio (Cleopatra's General) sent Canathans to the aid of the Nabateans, and this force crushed Herod's army which then fled to Ormiza. One year later, Herod's army overran Nabataea. [6]
SpongeBob
wq3H9mPBC2XeFRx4Wc6Mp5XotH7NG8.jpg
Nabataea: Rabbel II (70-106 CE) Æ Unit17 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Rabbel II, 70 - 106 A.D., with his wife Hagru, Bronze AE 15, (3.18 g, 16.6 mm), Petra mint, 106 A.D.; obverse jugate laureate busts of Rabbel II and Hagru, Rabbel II has long hair and ornament on the top of his head; reverse two crossed cornucopias, Aramaic legend "Rabbel / Hagru" in two lines between the horns; Meshorer Nabataean 164, SNG ANS 1452, gVF,rare2 commentsSpongeBob
Schmitt-Korte_II_26-27.jpg
Nabataea: Syllaeus and Aretas IV (9-6 BCE) Æ Quadrans (Schmitt-Korte II 26/27; Me-43 var)13 viewsObv: Diademed head of Obodas III facing right; Nabataean shin to left
Rev: Crossed cornucopias; Nabataean shin (Syllaeus) and ḥēth (Aretas) across field

References

Schmitt-Korte, K. and Cowell, M., Nabatean Coinage - Part I. The Silver Content Measured by X-ray Fluorescence Analysis, Numismatic Chronicle, Vol. 149, 1989
Schmitt-Korte, K., Nabatean Coinage - Part II. New Coin Types and Variants, Numismatic Chronicle, Vol. 150, 1990
Schmitt-Korte, K. and Price, M., Nabatean Coinage - Part III. The Nabatean Monetary System, Numismatic Chronicle, Vol. 154, 1994
SpongeBob
8dTKS9jrFF2syQX3G6bfoxZ5j7xRiB.jpg
Nabataean AE16 Phasael / Parallel Cornucopias, Petra. 15 viewsNabataean AE16 Phasael / Parallel Cornucopias, Petra.
SNG Part 6 #1430. VF. _1760
Antonivs Protti
3kcEFFe6d4YqL47j5pNZM8mbw32Go9.jpg
Nabataean AE18 jugate busts of Aretas IV & Shuqailat / Crossed Cornucopias, Petra. 12 viewsSNG Part 6 #1438. Super nice VF with soil adhering. _2060

Antonivs Protti
Nabatea.jpg
Nabataean Bronze of Aretas IV7 viewsA Nabataean bronze coin of Aretas IV minted between 9BC-40AD. 15mm. chuy1530
014~0.JPG
Nabataean Kingdom32 viewsAretas IV
9 B.C. - 40 A.D.
Bronze AE 15
2.74 gm, 15.0 mm
Obv.: Jugate laureate and draped bust of Aretas IV and Shuqailat right
Rev.: Two cornucopias crossed and filleted, Aramaic legend, "Aretas, Shuqailat" in two lines above and one below
Petra mint
Meshorer Nabataean 114;
SNG ANS 1438 ff.

Ex-Forvm
Jaimelai
NABATAEAN_-_ARETAS_IV_SNG_ANS_1435.jpg
NABATAEAN KINGDOM - Aretas IV17 viewsNABATAEAN KINGDOM - Aretas IV (9 BC - 40 AD) AE 15. Standing figure of King Aretas IV as a soldier holding spear in right hand. Reverse.Queen Shaqilit with raised right hand, behind head small wreath.
Ref:SNG ANS 1435. 15.6 mm, 3.63 g.
dpaul7
maliqus_ii.jpg
NABATAEAN KINGDOM - MALICHUS II - 40-70 AD150 viewsNABATAEAN KINGDOM - D Malichus II and Shuqailat, 40-70 AD, bronze of 13 mm, 1.94 grams. Obverse: Jugate busts of Malichus II & Shuqailat. Reverse: Crossed cornucopias with Nabataean Aramaic legend. Reference: Meshorer 140.

1 commentsdpaul7
nabataean_rabbel_ii.jpg
NABATAEAN KINGDOM - Rabel II139 viewsNABATAEAN KINGDOM - Rabbel II & Gamilath (AD 70-106). AE Unit, Ca. 15 mm. Jugate busts of Rabbel and his sister-wife Gamilat./Names of rulers between cornucopiae. 1 commentsdpaul7
syllaeus.jpg
NABATAEAN KINGDOM - SYLLAEUS138 viewsNABATAEAN KINGDOM - SYLLAEUS (9 B.C.E.) bronze of 13.3 mm, 2.30 grams. Struck at the mint of Petra, capital of the Nabataeans. Obverse: Laureate bust Syllaeus right. Reverse: Double cornucopias with grapes, initial of Syllaeus on left and right. Reference: not in Meshorer, but similar to Meshorer 43. RARE!

Syllaeus was minister and advisor under the aged king Obodas III. It appears that at the end of his reign Syllaeus and another noble, Aretas, were engaged in a struggle to succeed the king. There is still some question whether Aretas was the son of Obodas. Scarce bronze and truly rare silver coins were struck with the initials for Syllaeus and Aretas. Obviously the two rivals sought a brief accomodation in a joint reign. However, Syllaeus had earned the enmity of the new power in the near east, Rome. In 24 BC he had betrayed the Roman army sent into Arabia Felix, causing its almost complete destruction. He then clashed with Rome's tame prince, Herod of Judaea. Facing accusations of treason, Syllaeus twice had to go to the court at Rome to defend himself and justify his claim to the throne, in 9 and 6 BC. Syllaeus was subsequently beheaded and Aretas left as sole ruler.
1 commentsdpaul7
nab-coin.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom 9 B.C - 40 A.D.42 views17mm 3.64g Petra mint

Obverse: Aretas IV & Shaquelat right
Reverse: Two cornucopias crossed and filleted, Aramaic inscription
1 commentsDk0311USMC
overstrike_flip.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom, Anonymous9 viewsProto-Nabataean Overstrike
AE16, 2.69g; Unknown mint, struck over Ptolemaic bronze.
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet.
Rev.: Nike standing left, holding wreath.
Reference: cf. Schmitt-Korte 6
Notes: These are typically overstruck in the same orientation as the host coins. This example is an exception: obverse to reverse, reverse to obverse, and rotated 180 degrees.
John Anthony
protosel.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom, Anonymous11 viewsProto-Nabataean Overstrike
AE17, 3.79g, 12h; Unknown mint (Gaza?)
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet.
Rev.: Nike standing left, holding wreath, Λ to left, crescent above.
Note: Unpublished, overstruck on Seleucid host, possibly a bronze of Antiochus IV.
John Anthony
proto1.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom, Anonymous9 viewsProto-Nabataean Overstrike
AE17, 3.81g, 12h; Unknown mint (Gaza?)
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet.
Rev.: Nike standing left, holding wreath. Λ to left.
Reference: cf. Schmitt-Korte 6
Note: These coins were overstruck on Ptolemaic hosts. The undertype in this example may be Svoronos 417, 969, or 970. Ex-Zurquieh, electronic sale, 3/27/13, 56.
John Anthony
tessera.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom, Anonymous9 viewsPb tessera, 2.3g, 14mm
Obv.: unknown, laureate(?) head right.
Obv.: Nike standing left, star or cross above.
Reference: unpublished, but possibly related to Hoover Group F
Notes: this coin is larger than most Nabataean tesserae and presents the fabric of bronze more so than lead. Hoover group F includes coins of the same type, but with a dotted border and no symbol above Nike. This coin may be an unpublished bronze rather than a lead tessera.
John Anthony
protolarge.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom, Anonymous11 viewsProto-Nabataean Overstrike
AE22, 6.24g; Unknown mint, struck over coin of Ptolemy III.
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet.
Rev.: Nike standing left, holding wreath.
Reference: cf. Schmitt-Korte 6
Notes: These are typically overstruck on smaller coins, weighing approximately 3g. Overstrikes on larger host coins are rare. Whether they circulated at a higher denomination is unknown.
John Anthony
nabataean-aretas-ii-iii-reshoot.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom, Arabia, Aretas II-III (c. 120+ BC), AE18, Damascus mint21 viewsAncient Greek, Nabataean Kingdom, Arabia, Aretas II (c. 120+ BC), AE18, Damascus mint, 18mm, 4.1g

Obverse: No legend, Corinthian helmeted head of Athena right.

Reverse: No legend, Nike standing left holding wreath, crescent over Λ field mark left.

Reference: Meshorer 1

Ex: Charachmoba Gym
Gil-galad
Aretas II.JPG
Nabataean Kingdom, Aretas II80 viewsAE 19, Damascus mint, 110-96 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Reverse: Nike facing holding wreath.
19mm , 3.2 gm.
Jerome Holderman
aretas_petra.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom, ARETAS IV21 views9 BC - 40 AD
AE 15 mm 1.80 g
9 BC - 40 AD
AE 15 mm 1.80 g
O: Aretas standing front in military dress, looking left, spear in right, left on pommel of sword in scabbard, Aramaic monogram (H) upper right, palm left
R: Shuqailat standing left, veiled, wearing long chiton, right hand raised, wreath left
Petra mint
Meshorer Nabataean 97, SNG ANS 1435
laney
Screenshot_2017-12-06_14_02_22.png
Nabataean Kingdom, Nabataean, King Rabbel and Queen Gamilat, AR Drachm. Scarce.10 viewsPetra Year 21 = 90-91 A.D. 3.40g - 12.9mm, Axis 12h.

Obv: Laureate and draped bust of King Rabbel right.

Rev: Laureate, veiled, and draped bust of Queen Gamilat right; date in legend behind head.

Barkay, Coinage 16; Meshorer, Nabataea 153.
1 commentsChristian Scarlioli
obodas.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom, Obodas II, 30-9 BC5 viewsAE 25, 7.78g, 12h; Petra mint, 24/23 BC.
Obv.: Jugate busts right of Obodas II, diademed and draped, and the queen.
Rev.: Two crossed cornucopias; Nabataean legend, "Obodas the king, king of the Nabataeans."
Reference: Meshorer 26
Notes: ex-FORVM
John Anthony
rabbelsela.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom, Rabbel II (70 - 106 AD)5 viewsAR Sela, 16mm, 3.45g; Petra mint, RY 22 (91/92 CE).
Obv.: Laureate and draped bust of Rabbel II right; around, inscription,
22 רבאל מלכא מלך - נבטו שׂנת (Rabbel the king, king of the Nabataeans, Year 22).
Rev.: Veiled and draped bust of Gamilat right; around, inscription,
גמלתּ אחתה מלכת נבטו (Gamilat his sister, queen of the Nabataeans).
Reference: Meshorer 154
John Anthony
Rabbel_II.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom, Rabbel II, 70 - 106 A.D.17 viewsBronze AE 16, SNG ANS 1447, BMC 3-7, S 5706, Fair, Petra, 3.026g, 16.7mm, 0o,
obverse - jugate laureate busts of Rabbel II and Gamilath, Rabbel II has long hair and ornament on the top of his head;
reverse - two crossed cornucopias, Aramaic legend "Rabbel / Gamilath" in two lines between the horns;
b70
aretsyl.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom, Syllaeus and Aretas IV, 9 BC15 viewsAE 16, 2.38g, 1h; Petra mint: 9 BC.
Obv.: Diademed head of Obodas II; in left field, Nabataean letter shin.
Rev. Crossed cornucopias; in left field, shin.
Reference: Meshorer 43 var., Schmitt-Korte 26.
John Anthony
AretasIVSylleaus.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom, Syllaeus and Aretas IV, 9 BC 6 viewsAE 16, 2.38g, 1h; Petra mint: 9 BC.
Obv.: Diademed head of Aretas IV in; in left field, monogram of Sylleaus: ligature of shin and lamedh + yodh.
Rev.: Crossed cornucopias; in left field, monogram of Sylleaus.
Reference: Meshorer 43 var., Schmitt-Korte 26.
Notes: ex David Conners, electronic sale, 11/25/14, 29.
John Anthony
nabat_jugate_res.jpg
NABATAEAN KINGDOM--ARETAS IV12 views9 BC - 40 AD
AE 12.5 X 15.5 mm 2.51 g
O: Jugate, laureate and draped busts of Aretas IV and Shuqailat right
R: Two crossed cornucopiae
Petra mint, Meshorer Nabataean 114, SNG ANS 1438 ff.
laney
nabat_areat_res.jpg
NABATAEAN KINGDOM--ARETAS IV19 views9 BC - 40 AD
AE 12 mm, 1.66 g
O: Aretas IV, head right
R: Crossed Cornucopias, Petra.
SNG Part 6 #1432.
laney
aretas_kery_res.jpg
NABATAEAN KINGDOM--ARETAS IV22 views9 B.C.- 40 AD
AE 13 mm, 2.23 g
O: Laureate head of Aretas IV right
Crossed cornuacopiae over caduceus
Petra mint
cf Meshorer 76
laney
aretas_shu_nabat_res.jpg
NABATAEAN KINGDOM--ARETAS IV14 views9 BC - 40 AD
AE 18 mm max., 2.97 g
O: Jugate laureate and draped bust of Aretas IV and Shaquilath right
R: Two cornucopias crossed and filleted, Aramaic legend, "Aretas, Shaquilath" in two lines above and one below
Petra mint
laney
nabat_b.jpg
NABATAEAN KINGDOM--ARETAS IV10 views9 BC - 40 AD
AE 12.5 X 15.5 mm 2.51 g
O: Jugate, laureate and draped busts of Aretas IV and Shuqailat right
R: Two crossed cornucopiae
Petra mint, Meshorer Nabataean 114, SNG ANS 1438 ff.
laney
Comb04042017101618.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom. Rabbel II, with Gamilat. A.D. 70-106. AE 1514 viewsObv. Laureate and draped jugate busts of Rabbel II and Gamilat right.
Rev. RB'L/GMLT in Nabataean in two lines across field, crossed cornucopiae.
References: Meshorer 163; SNG ANS 1446-51.
15mm, 2.16 grams.
Canaan
aretas_ii_a.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom: Aretas II, 120/110 – 96 BC13 viewsAE16, 3.3g, 10h; Damascus Mint
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet.
Rev.: Nike standing left, wreath in right hand, uncertain object in left.
References: Meshorer 1A, Schmitt-Korte 2
Notes: Style I, ex-Holyland, electronic sale, 9/4/13, 101.
John Anthony
aretas_ii_c.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom: Aretas II, and/or Obodas I, Rabbel I, Aretas III 6 viewsAE15, 2.9g, 12h; Damascus Mint, 110-62 BCE (?)
Obv.:‭ Head of Athena (?) right, wearing crested Boeotian helmet.
Rev.:‭ ‬Nike standing left,‭ ‬wreath in right hand,‭ ‬uncertain object in left / crescent / Λ
References:‭ ‬Meshorer‭ ‬1,‭ ‬Schmitt-Korte‭ 1
Notes: Style II
John Anthony
aretasIIIDam.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom: Aretas III, 83-62 BC6 viewsAE, 3.56g, 12h; Damascus Mint, 83/82-71 BC
Obv.: Diademed head of Aretas III right.
Rev.: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ/ΑΡΕΤΟΥ; Nike in guise of Tyche, turreted, standing left, winged, holding scepter in left hand and waving wreath to her front with right; monogram AP in right field.
Reference: Meshorer 8
Notes: Ex-Jacquier, Kehl, lot 8, spring 1988, no. 130; Poinsignon Numismatique, electronic sale, 6/8/15, quq.
John Anthony
aretas_iii.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom: Aretas III, 87-62 BC23 viewsAE20, 7g, 12h; Damascus Mint, 87-62 BCE
Obv.: Diademed head of Aretas III right
Rev.: Tyche of Damascus, turreted, seated left on rock,
wearing long mantle, holding uncertain object in right hand,
river god swimming below, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ/ΑΡΕΤΟΥ/ΦΙΑ-ΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ

Reference: Meshorer 6A
John Anthony
Meshorer-113.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom: Aretas IV (9 BCE - 40CE) Æ Unit, Petra (Meshorer 113; SNG ANS 1438)13 viewsObv: Jugate laureate and draped bust of Aretas IV and Shaquilath right
Rev: Two cornucopias crossed and filleted, Aramaic legend, "Aretas, Shaquilath" in two lines above and one below
Quant.Geek
aretas_2corn_right.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom: Aretas IV Philopatris, 9 BC - 40 AD13 viewsAE 14, 1.68g, 12h; Petra mint, 5/4 BC
Obv.: Laureate head of Aretas IV right, in field, below right, ח
Rev.: Two cornucopias parallel right, with palm branch issuing below;
in field on right, below, פצ ; on left above, ח
Reference: Obverse of Meshorer 62A(?), reverse of 61A
Notes: ex-FORVM
John Anthony
aretasiv.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom: Aretas IV Philopatris, 9 BC - 40 AD12 viewsAE17; Petra mint
Obv.: Jugate portraits of Aretas IV and Shuqailat.
Reverse: Crossed cornucopiae, Nabataean legends "Aretas/Shuqailat".
Notes: ex-Zurquieh, electronic sale, 2/19/13, 16.
John Anthony
obarsyl.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom: Aretas IV Philopatris, 9 BC - 40 AD8 viewsAE Unit, 14.5mm, 2.7g, Petra mint: AD 39/40
Obv.: Laureate head of Aretas IV right, with hair falling to nape of neck; in field, on right, heth, on left, shin.
Rev.: Two cornucopiae crossed; in field on right, heth (off flan), on left, shin.
Reference: Meshorer 116
Notes: This portrait does not resemble Aretas IV in the least. It is similar to the portraits of Obodas II on his silver issues. The coin may be an unpublished type.
John Anthony
malichus_I.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom: Malichus I, 60-30 BC68 viewsAE21, 9.5g, 12h; Petra mint: 35/34 BC
Obv.: Diademed head of Malichus I right, with long curly hair.
Rev.: Eagle standing left; around, inscription (Malichus the king, king of the Nabataeans).
Reference: Meshorer 13
1 commentsJohn Anthony
malichus.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom: Malichus II, AD 40-7013 viewsAE Unit; Petra mint
Obv.: Jugate laureate busts of Malichus and Shuqailat right.
Reverse: Crossed cornucopiae, Nabataean legend "Malichus/Shuqailat".
Reference: SNG ANS 6: 1444
Notes: ex-David Conners, electronic sale, 2/16/13, 42.
John Anthony
rabbel1000.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom: Rabbel II, 70-106 AD11 viewsAE16, 2.88g, 12h; Petra mint.
Obv.: Jugate busts right of Rabbel II, laureate, with long hair coming down to nape of his neck, draped, and of Hagru, laureate, draped [off flan].
Rev.: Two cornucopiae crossed; between them, in two lines, inscription "Rabbel, Hagru"
Reference: Meshorer 164
Notes: ex-FORVM
John Anthony
aretas_ii_b.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom:‭ ‬Aretas II and/or Obodas I, Rabbel I, Aretas III8 viewsAE16, 3.2g, 12h‭; ‬Damascus Mint, 110-62 BCE (?)
Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet.
Rev.: Nike standing left, wreath in right hand, uncertain object in left.
References: Meshorer 1A, Schmitt-Korte 2
Notes: Style I, tight flan.
John Anthony
aretas_ii_d.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom:‭ ‬Aretas II and/or Obodas I, Rabbel I, Aretas III10 viewsAE15, 2.3g, 12h; Unknown mint, 1st-century BCE
Obv.: Unknown head right, helmeted, crested.
Rev.: Nike standing left, holding wreath in right hand, unknown object in left.
Reference: c.f. Meshorer 3, Schmitt-Korte 4
Notes: Style III (barbarous)
John Anthony
Capture~9.PNG
Nabataean Kingdom:‭ ‬Aretas II and/or Obodas I, Rabbel I, Aretas III18 viewsAE17, 4.12g, Unknown mint, 1st-century BCE
Obv.: Athena head right, helmeted, crested.
Rev.: Nike standing left, holding unknown object in right hand, unknown object in left.
Reference: c.f. Meshorer 1.
1 commentsCanaan
nabatean.jpg
NABATAEAN KINGS58 views Aretas IV. AE 18. Petra 9 BC–AD 40. 3.50 grs. Jugate busts of Aretas (laureate) and Queen Shuqailat (veiled) to right / Two crossed cornucopiae with Nabataean inscription, Aretas Shuqailat.
Meshorer 113. SNG ANS 1440.
2 commentsbenito
nabataea,_aretas_IV,_silver.jpg
Nabataean, Aretas IV54 viewsNabataean Kington: Aretas IV. AR Drachm. Obverse: Aramaic "Aretas, king of Nabataea, lover of his people," laureate and draped bust of Aretas right. Reverse: Aramaic "Shuqailat, queen of Nabataea," date off flan, jugate busts of Aretas and Shuqailat right.

Ex Forvm. This is a well worn coin, but I like it for a couple of reasons. First, it was an affordable silver coin from Nabataea. Second, the flan is uniformly thick. Much thicker than the denarii I've put together.
1 commentsLucas H
Aretas_IV_and_Shuqailat.jpg
Nabataean, Aretas IV, bronze33 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Aretas IV, 9 B.C.-40 A.D.. 3.39g., 19.2mm, Petra Mint. Meshorer Nabataean 114. Obverse: Jugate laureate and draped bust of Aretas IV and Shuqailat right. Reverse: Two cornucopias crossed and filleted, Aramaic legend, "Aretas, Shuqailat" in two lines above and one below. Ex Forvm.

Paul mentions Aretas IV, the greatest Nabataean king, in connection with his trip to Damascus. (2 Corinthians 11:32).
1 commentsLucas H
Aretas_IV,_egeal.jpg
Nabataean, Aretas IV, Eagle28 viewsNabataean Kingdom: Aretas IV, 9 B.C.-40 A.D.. AE 11. 1.02 g., 11.4mm. Petra Mint. Meshorer Nabataean 91. Obverse: Aramaic monogram O/H within wreath. Reverse: Eagle standing left, wings closed, Aramaic het behind. Ex Forvm.

As Aretas' daughter married Herod the Great's son, the eagle on this coin my represent the eagle Herod placed above the Temple and/or be associated with the eagle lepton of Herod.

1 commentsLucas H
Rabbel_II_and_Gamilath.jpg
Nabataeans / Rabbel II and Gamilath50 viewsObverse: Bust of Rabbel II and Gamilath right.
Reverse: RB'L / GMLT crossed between two cornucopias.
Bronze, 15 mm, 3.75 g.
SNG ANS 1446-51
Rare

EX ; Andreas Reich

From the Sam Mansourati Collection
Sam
nabat_aretas_phasael_res.jpg
NABATAEN KINGDOM, ARETAS IV AND PHASAEL 23 views9 BC - 40 AD
Struck 5 - 4 BC
AE 12.5 X 15 mm; 2.03 g
O: Laureate head of Aretas right;
R: Two cornucopias paired right, palm frond left, H upper left, between palm and lower horn; Aramaic monogram FS (Phasael, Aretas' son) lower right
Petra mint; cf Meshorer Nabataean 61A
(Possibly struck in the year of Christ's birth)
laney
20190216_180324.jpg
Nabatean Kingdom, Aretas IV7 viewsobverse Aretas' Aramaic monogram (het) within wreath.
reverse eagle standing right, wings closed, Aramaic monogram (heth) left
References: Meshorer Nabataean 91, SNG ANS 1434.
11mm, 1.1 grams
Canaan
nabatea_aretasIV_Meshorer61a.jpg
Nabatean Kingdom, Aretas IV & Phasael, Meshorer 61a27 viewsAretas IV & Phasael, 9 BC - AD 40
Nabataean: Harithath
AE 14, 1.89g, 14.21mm, 0°
Petra, 5/4 BC
obv. laureate head of Aretas IV r.
rev. 2 parallel filleted cornucopias r., palm branch l.
below פצ (for Phasael), above ח (for Harithath)
ref. Meshorer Nabatean 61a
about VF, sandy patina

Phasael was the 4th son of Aretas IV. According to Meshorer these coins were issued only in 5/4 BC, the presumable year of birth of Phasael.
Jochen
nabatea_aretasIV_Meshorer62A.jpg
Nabatean Kingdom, Aretas IV & Phasael, Meshorer 62A14 viewsAretas IV & Phasael, 9 BC - AD 40
Nabataean: Harithath
AE 16, 2.90g, 15.74mm, 0°
Petra, 5/4 BC
obv. laureate head of Aretas IV r.
rev. 2 parallel filleted cornucopias r., palm branch l.
in lower r. field ח (for Harithat), above פצ (for Phasael)
ref. Meshorer Nabatean 62 A
F+, sandy patina

Phasael was the 4th son of Aretas IV. According to Meshorer these coins were issued only in 5/4 BC, the presumable year of birth of Phasael.
Jochen
nabatea_aretasIV_Meshorer63.jpg
Nabatean Kingdom, Aretas IV & Phasael, Meshorer 6310 viewsAretas IV & Phasael, 9 BC - AD 40
Nabataean: Harithath
AE 15, 2.52g, 1478, 0°
Petra, 5/4 BC
obv. laureate head of Aretas IV r.
[in r. field ח]
rev. 2 parallel filleted cornucopias l., palm branch l.
in lower l. field פצ (for Phasael)
ref. Meshorer Nabatean 63
about VF, grey green patina

Phasael was the 4th son of Aretas IV. According to Meshorer these coins were issued only in 5/4 BC, the presumable year of birth of Phasael.
Jochen
nabatea_aretasIV_shuqailat_Meshorer113_#3.jpg
Nabatean Kingdom, Aretas IV & Shuqailat I, Meshorer 113 #2 (שלמ as monogram and X)17 viewsAretas IV. & Shuqailat, 9 BC - AD 40
AE 17, 3.53g
Petra, AD 29/30
obv. Jugate busts of Aretas IV, with moustache, draped and laureate, r., and of queen Shuqailat, draped and diademed, r.
Above head Nabatean legend:
שלמ as monogram (Meshorer p. 85, #9)
from r. to l. transcribed (Sh)LM
= shalom (whole)
rev. 2 crossed cornucopias, in between Nabatean legend in 3 lines:
חרתת / שקי / לת
from r. to l. (transcribed):
HRTT / SQY / LT
= Harithat / Shuqailat
below שקי X
ref. cf. Meshorer Nabatean 113
VF, black patina with sandy deposits

According to Meshorer שלמ (= whole) is a denomination, which then was ommitted because this denomination has well been established. The X above the crossing of the cornucopias is not mentioned by Meshorer.

"Now further variants of these bronze coins have been found (nos. 80, 81) which show the same sign X as the silver issue of year 29. We believe that this sign marks year 4 of queen Shaqilat and that this was the year of the currency reform when the new bronze type was introduced. In order to mark the changes, several features on the new coins were altered. Aretas wears a moustache, Shaqilat has a love-lock (as opposed to an earring), and the numeral 4 was added on both silver and bronze coins in the first year of the new issues. If 29 is the fourth year of Shaqilat then the marriage between Aretas and Shaqilat fell in his 25th year, which corresponds to ad 16."

Karl Schmitt-Korte, "Nabataean Coinage—Part II. New Coin Types and Variants", The Numismatic Chronicle Vol. 150 (1990), pp. 105-133.
1 commentsJochen
nabatea_aretasIV_shuqailat_Meshorer99-111.jpg
Nabatean Kingdom, Aretas IV & Shuqailat, Meshorer 99-1119 viewsAretas IV Philopatris, 9 BC - AD 40
Nabaean: Harithath
AR - Drachm, 3.79g, 16.25mm, 0°
Petra, AD 20-40
obv. Nabatean legende (counterclockwise):
חרתת מלכ נבתו מחר חמע
from r. to l. (transcribed):
[HRTT MLK NBTW] - RHM 'MH
= Harithath Malik Nabatu Rahem Ameh
= Harithath, king of the Nabataeans, lover of his people
Bust of Aretas IV, diademed, draped and laureate, r.
rev. Nabatean legend (counterclockwise):
שקילת מלכת נבתו שנת
from r. to l. (transcribed):
SQYLT MLKT - [NB]TW SNT ?
= Shuqailat Malikat - Nabatu Shanat ?
= Shuqailat, queen of the Nabataeans, year ?
Jugate busts of Aretas, laureate, and Shuqailat, draped, r.
ref.: Meshorer Nabatean 99-112
rare, about VF

מחר חמע (RHM 'MH), lover of his people, is the translation of Greek Philopatris
Jochen
092.JPG
Petra - Temple of Dusares11 viewsPetra is not all tombs. However, little of the actual city has been excavated. One of the few building remains visible is that of the Qasr al-Bint which is today known to be the Temple of Dusares (or Dushara, whom the Romans considered the Nabataean Zeus/Jupiter). Built in the late 1st century BC. otlichnik
w12~0.JPG
Petra, Nabatea. Aretas IV88 viewsAretas IV Philopatris was the King of the Nabataeans from roughly 9 BC to AD 40.

His full title, as given in the inscriptions, was "Aretas, King of the Nabataeans, Friend of his People." Being the most powerful neighbour of Judea, he frequently took part in the state affairs of that country, and was influential in shaping the destiny of its rulers. While on not particularly good terms with Rome - as intimated by his surname, "Friend of his People", which is in direct opposition to the prevalent φιλορώμαις ("Friend of the Romans") and φιλόκαισαρ ("Friend of the Emperor") - and though it was only after great hesitation that Augustus recognized him as king, nevertheless he took part in the expedition of Varus against the Jews in the year 4 BC, and placed a considerable army at the disposal of the Roman general.

His daughter Phasaelis married Herod Antipas (4 BC – AD 39), otherwise known as Herod the Tetrarch. When Herod divorced Phasaelis to take his brother's wife Herodias, mother of Salome, in 36, Phasaelis fled to her father. Relations between Herod and Aretas IV were already strained over border disputes, and with his family honour shamed, Aretas IV invaded Herod's holdings, defeating his army[1] and capturing territories along the West Bank of the Jordan River, including the areas around Qumran[citation needed].

The classical author Josephus connects this battle, which occurred during the winter of AD 36/37, with the beheading of John the Baptist, which occurred about the same time.

Herod Antipas then appealed to Emperor Tiberius, who dispatched the governor of Syria to attack Aretas. But because of the emperor's death in AD 37 this action was never carried out.

The Christian Apostle, Paul, mentions that he had to sneak out of Damascus in a basket through a window in the wall to escape King Aretas. (2 Corinthians 11:32, 33, cf Acts 9:23, 24).

NABATAEA. Aretas IV. 9 BC-AD 40. Æ Quadrans. Petra mint. Dated RY 5 (5/4 BC). Laureate head right; Aramaic het-samekh flanking / Female figure (Huldu?) standing left, raising hand; date in legend. Meshorer, Nabataea 58.

Ex- CNG sale 143, Lot: 340
1 commentsecoli
philipbostra~0.jpg
Provincia Arabia, Philip II29 viewsAE28, 14.85g; Bostra mint, 244-247 AD.
Obv.: [MARC IVL] PHILIPPOS CESAR; Radiate bust right.
Rev.: COL METROPOLIS BOSTRA; AKTI/A ΔOVC/APIA in wreath.
Reference: Spijkerman 59, SNG ANS 1247-50.
Note: The ‘Aktia Dousaria’ was the festival in honor of Dushara, or Dusares, a Middle-Eastern deity worshipped by the Nabataeans at Petra and Madain Saleh.
1 commentsJohn Anthony
Nabataean_Kingdom,_Rabbel_II,_70_-_106_A_D.jpg
Rabbel II, 70 - 106 A.D, Bronze AE 15, Meshorer 1639 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Rabbel II, 70 - 106 A.D, Bronze AE 15, Meshorer 163, SNG ANS 1450, BMC 3-7, S 5706, aVF, obv 1/4 off center, Petra mint, 3.277g, 15.6mm, 0o, c. 76 - 102 A.D.; obverse jugate laureate busts of Rabbel II and Gamilath, Rabbel II has long hair and ornament on the top of his head; reverse , two crossed cornucopias, Aramaic legend "Rabbel / Gamilath" in two lines between the horns; typical small cramped flan. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Nabataean_Kingdom,_Rabbel_II.jpg
Rabbel II, 70 - 106 A.D. Bronze AE 17, Meshorer 163A13 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Rabbel II, 70 - 106 A.D. Bronze AE 17, Meshorer 163A, SNG ANS 1450, BMC 3-7, SGICV 5706, F, Petra mint, 2.933g, 16.7mm, 0o, Obverse jugate laureate busts of Rabbel II and Gamilath, Rabbel II has long hair and ornament on the top of his head; Reverse, two crossed cornucopias, Aramaic legend "Rabbel / Gamilath" in two lines between the horns; irregular undersized flan without enough room for the full design. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
5636 bk.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Elagabalus, Petra, Arabia, AE 1957 viewsAE19 4.27 grams
obv: Laureate and draped bust right
rev: Founder ploughing right with yoke of oxen
SNG ANS-1373, Spijkerman-236, 56
Note: example of the 'founding of Petra', the ancient home of the Nabataeans
Jericho
HypsaeusCombined.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, M. Aemilius Scaurus and Pub. Plautius Hypsaeus, AR Denarius7 viewsRome, The Republic.
M. Aemilius Scaurus and Pub. Plautius Hypsaeus, 58 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.87g; 19mm).
Rome mint.

Obverse: King Aretas kneeling right and extending olive branch in right hand and holding reins of camel in left hand; M SCAVR/AED CVR above; EX-SC on side; REX ARETAS in exergue.

Rev: Jupiter in fast quadriga galloping left; scorpion below horses’ feet; P HVPSAEVS/AED CVR, above; CAPTV on right; C HVPSAE COS PREIVER in exergue.

References: Crawford 422/1b; BMCRR 3879; Sydenham 913; Aemilia 8; Plautia 8-9.

Provenance: Ex SC Collection; Stack's Auction (14-15 Jun 1971), Lot 240.

Scaurus and Hypsaeus struck these coins as curule aediles, by Senatorial decree. Grueber states that lavish public games were the reason for the special issue, while Crawford suggests the corn dole and/or Caesar’s agrarian law were the more likely reasons. Scaurus, as governor of Syria, was victorious against the Nabataean king Aretas who surrendered and paid a fine of 300 talents to Pompey. It was this event that he chose to depict on the obverse of the coin. On the reverse, Hypsaeus refers to the capture of the Volscian town of Privernum by his ancestor, C. Plautius Decianus, consul in 329 BCE. Hypsaeus chose to repeat this reverse type on a denarius he struck as moneyer in ca. 57 BCE (Crawford 420). This issue has a large number of legend varieties and the scorpion is missing from some dies.
Carausius
ac-vk-pahlavi-sasanian-02-2019.png
Script test post.14 views𐢛𐢃𐢁𐢑 ← → RBAL - Rabbel

𐢄𐢓𐢑𐢞 ← → GMLT - Gamilat

Rulers found on Nabataean coins.

𐢇𐢛𐢞𐢞 ← → HRTT - Aretas
𐢄𐢓𐢑𐢞 ← → GMLT - Gamilat
𐢇𐢑𐢅𐢈 ← → HLDW - Huldu
𐢒𐢑𐢏𐢈 ← → MLKW - Malichus
𐢗𐢃𐢅𐢞 ← → OBDT - Obodas
𐢛𐢃𐢁𐢑 ← → RBAL - Rabbel
𐢝𐢚𐢌𐢑𐢞 ← → SQYLT - Shaqilat

𐢝𐢕𐢞 ← → SNT - Shanat - Year

𐢊𐢛𐢇 ← → HRH - Hetrahe - 1 - One
𐢊𐢛𐢇𐢏𐢑 ← → HRHKL - Hetrahekal - 2 - Two
𐢞𐢑𐢞 ← → TLT - Talat - 3 - Three
𐢁𐢛𐢃𐢗 ← → ARBO - Arbo - 4 - Four

𐢝𐢞 ← → ST - Shat - 6 - Six
𐢜𐢃𐢗 ← → SBO - Shabo - 7 - Seven


𐢗𐢝𐢅 ← → OSR - Oshara - 10 - Ten

𐢇𐢛𐢞𐢞 ← → HRTT - Aretas
𐢝𐢚𐢌𐢑𐢞 ← → SQYLT - Shaqilat
Gil-galad
DIV-FAUST_1_PROV_1.JPG
Struck A.D.141- 161 under Antoninus Pius. DIVA FAUSTINA SENIOR. Commemorative AE14 of Bostra, Arabia7 viewsObv: ΘЄA ΦAVCTЄINA. Diademed and draped bust of Faustina facing right.
Rev: TVXH NЄAC TPAIANHC BOCTPAC, Tyche (City-goddess) standing facing, head left, holding spear and resting left hand on shield.
Diameter: 14mm | Weight: 2.06gms | Die Axis: 6
ANS 1181 | Spijkerman 11 | BMC 7-9.

Originally a Nabataean city, in A.D.106 Bostra was conquered by the emperor Trajan who renamed it Nova Trajana Bostra and made it the capital of the Roman province of Arabia Petraea. Bostra was the residence of the Legio III Cyrenaica and served as a key Roman fortress east of the Jordan River. Since it was at the juncture of several trade routes connecting Damascus to the Red Sea the city flourished and Bostra eventually achieved the title metropolis under the emperor Philip I, who was a native of the city. Its coins have Greek legends from the time of Antoninus Pius to Elagabalus, and Latin legends from Severus Alexander to the time of Trajan Decius.
Today Bostra is a major archaeological site and has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Its main feature is it's Roman theatre (below) reputed to be the best preserved Roman theatre in the world.
*Alex
Nabataean_Kingdom,_Syllaeus_and_Aretas_IV,_9_B_C_.jpg
Syllaeus and Aretas IV, 9 B.C. Bronze AE 16, Meshorer 118 var13 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Syllaeus and Aretas IV, 9 B.C. Bronze AE 16, Meshorer 118 var (Aretas IV sole reign), F, Petra mint, 1.666g, 14.3mm, 0o, 9 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Obodas II, Aramaic S (Shin = Syllaeus) left, Aramaic H (Het = Aretas) right; reverse , crossed cornucopias, pomegranate blossom on a long stalk between the horns, Aramaic S (Shin = Syllaeus) left, Aramaic H (Het = Aretas) right; rare. Syllaeus was chief minister for Obodas III and he briefly shared rule of Nabataea with Aretas IV after Obodas death. But Syllaeus had a powerful enemy. In 24 B.C. Syllaeus had betrayed Rome causing almost the complete destruction of an army sent into Arabia Felix. Syllaeus was twice called to the court at Rome, where in 6 B.C. he was convicted of treason and Obodas' murder. He was beheaded and his body was pitched from the Tarpeian Rock. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Theatre_at_Bostra.JPG
Syria, Bostra, Roman Theatre56 viewsOriginally a Nabataean city, in A.D.106 Bostra was conquered by the emperor Trajan who renamed it Nova Trajana Bostra and made it the capital of the Roman province of Arabia Petraea. Since it was at the juncture of several trade routes connecting Damascus to the Red Sea the city flourished and Bostra eventually achieved the title metropolis under the emperor Philip I, who was a native of the city.
Today Bostra is a major archaeological site and has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Its main feature is it's Roman theatre which is reputed to be the best preserved Roman theatre in the world.
*Alex
10.jpg
Trajan Denarius - Arabia (RIC II 245)49 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 112-117AD
2.91g

Obv: Laureate bust of Trajan (R)
IMP TRAIANO AUG GER DAC PM TRP COSVI PP

Rev: ARABIA stg holding olive branch, camel at her feet
ARAB ADQ (ARABIA ADQUISTA) in exergue

"Arabia Acquired" rather than "conquered.
SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI

After the death of client king Rabel II Soter in 106AD, the Roman emperor Trajan faced practically no resistance and conquered the Nabataean kingdom on 22 March 106. It became the Roman province of Arabia Petraea, with Bosra becoming its provincial capital.

RIC II 30 RSC 592
1 commentsKained but Able
48.jpg
Trajan Denarius - Arabia ii (RIC II 245)53 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 112-117AD
3.69g

Obv: Laureate bust of Trajan (R), draped far shoulder.
IMP TRAIANO AUG GER DAC PM TRP COS VI PP

Rev: ARABIA standing (L) holding olive branch and cinnamon, Camel at her feet. ARAB(IA) ADQ(UISTA) in exergue.
SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI

"Arabia Acquired" rather than "conquered".

After the death of client king Rabel II Soter in 106AD, the Roman emperor Trajan faced practically no resistance and conquered the Nabataean kingdom on 22 March 106. It became the Roman province of Arabia Petraea, with Bosra becoming its provincial capital.


RIC II 245 RSC 26
Kained but Able
130.jpg
Trajan Denarius - Arabia iii (RIC 244)44 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 112 CE

Obv: Laureate head of Trajan (R)

Rev: ARABIA standing (L) holding olive branch and cinnamon, Camel at her feet. ARAB(IA) ADQ(UISTA) in exergue.
SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI

"Arabia Acquired" rather than "conquered".

After the death of client king Rabel II Soter in 106AD, the Roman emperor Trajan faced practically no resistance and conquered the Nabataean kingdom on 22 March 106. It became the Roman province of Arabia Petraea, with Bosra becoming its provincial capital.


RIC II 245 RSC 26
3 commentsKained but Able
TrajSepphorisGalilee.jpg
[18H907] Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Sepphoris, Galilee220 viewsBronze AE 23, Hendin 907, BMC 5, Fair, 7.41g, 23.1mm, 0o, Sepphoris mint, 98 - 117 A.D.; obverse TPAIANOS AYTO]-KPA[TWP EDWKEN, laureate head right; reverse SEPFW/RHNWN, eight-branched palm bearing two bunches of dates.

At the crossroads of the Via Maris and the Acre-Tiberias roads, Sepphoris was the capital of Galilee and Herod Antipas' first capital. Damaged by a riot, Antipas ordered Sepphoris be rebuilt. Flavius Josephus described the rebuilt Sepphoris as the "ornament of all Galilee." Since Sepphoris was only five miles north of Nazareth, Jesus and Joseph may have found work in Antipas' rebuilding projects. Sepphoris was built on a hill and visible for miles. This may be the city that Jesus spoke of when He said, "A city set on a hill cannot be hidden."

Marcus Ulpius Traianus, a brilliant general and administrator was adopted and proclaimed emperor by the aging Nerva in 98 A.D. Regarded as one of Rome's greatest emperors, Trajan was responsible for the annexation of Dacia, the invasion of Arabia and an extensive and lavish building program across the empire. Under Trajan, Rome reached its greatest extent. Shortly after the annexation of Mesopotamia and Armenia, Trajan was forced to withdraw from most of the new Arabian provinces. While returning to Rome to direct operations against the new threats, Trajan died at Selinus in Cilicia.
See: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=55&pos=0.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Trajan (A.D. 98-117)

Herbert W. Benario
Emory University

Introduction and Sources
"During a happy period of more than fourscore years, the public administration was conducted by the virtue and abilities of Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, and the two Antonines. It is the design of this and of the two succeeding chapters to describe the prosperous condition of their empire, and afterwards, from the death of Marcus Antoninus, to deduce the most important circumstances of its decline and fall, a revolution which will ever be remembered and is still felt by the nations of the earth."

This is perhaps the most important and best known of all Edward Gibbon's famous dicta about his vast subject, and particularly that period which he admired the most. It was a concatenation of chance and events which brought to the first position of the principate five men, each very different from the others, who each, in his own way, brought integrity and a sense of public duty to his tasks. Nerva's tenure was brief, as many no doubt had expected and hoped it would be, and perhaps his greatest achievement was to choose Trajan as his adoptive son and intended successor. It was a splendid choice. Trajan was one of Rome's most admirable figures, a man who merited the renown which he enjoyed in his lifetime and in subsequent generations.

The sources for the man and his principate are disappointingly skimpy. There is no contemporaneous historian who can illuminate the period. Tacitus speaks only occasionally of Trajan, there is no biography by Suetonius, nor even one by the author of the late and largely fraudulent Historia Augusta. (However, a modern version of what such a life might have been like has been composed by A. Birley, entirely based upon ancient evidence. It is very useful.) Pliny the Younger tells us the most, in his Panegyricus, his long address of thanks to the emperor upon assuming the consulship in late 100, and in his letters. Pliny was a wordy and congenial man, who reveals a great deal about his senatorial peers and their relations with the emperor, above all, of course, his own. The most important part is the tenth book of his Epistulae, which contains the correspondence between him, while serving in Bithynia, and the emperor, to whom he referred all manner of problems, important as well as trivial. Best known are the pair (96,97) dealing with the Christians and what was to be done with them. These would be extraordinarily valuable if we could be sure that the imperial replies stemmed directly from Trajan, but that is more than one can claim. The imperial chancellery had developed greatly in previous decades and might pen these communications after only the most general directions from the emperor. The letters are nonetheless unique in the insight they offer into the emperor's mind.

Cassius Dio, who wrote in the decade of the 230s, wrote a long imperial history which has survived only in abbreviated form in book LXVIII for the Trajanic period. The rhetorician Dio of Prusa, a contemporary of the emperor, offers little of value. Fourth-century epitomators, Aurelius Victor and Eutropius, offer some useful material. Inscriptions, coins, papyri, and legal texts are of major importance. Since Trajan was a builder of many significant projects, archaeology contributes mightily to our understanding of the man.

Early Life and Career
The patria of the Ulpii was Italica, in Spanish Baetica , where their ancestors had settled late in the third century B.C. This indicates that the Italian origin was paramount, yet it has recently been cogently argued that the family's ancestry was local, with Trajan senior actually a Traius who was adopted into the family of the Ulpii. Trajan's father was the first member of the family to pursue a senatorial career; it proved to be a very successful one. Born probably about the year 30, he perhaps commanded a legion under Corbulo in the early sixties and then was legate of legio X Fretensis under Vespasian, governor of Judaea. Success in the Jewish War was rewarded by the governorship of an unknown province and then a consulate in 70. He was thereafter adlected by the emperor in patricios and sent to govern Baetica. Then followed the governorship of one of the major military provinces, Syria, where he prevented a Parthian threat of invasion, and in 79/80 he was proconsul of Asia, one of the two provinces (the other was Africa) which capped a senatorial career. His public service now effectively over, he lived on in honor and distinction, in all likelihood seeing his son emperor. He probably died before 100. He was deified in 113 and his titulature read divus Traianus pater. Since his son was also the adoptive son of Nerva, the emperor had officially two fathers, a unique circumstance.

The son was born in Italica on September 18, 53; his mother was Marcia, who had given birth to a daughter, Ulpia Marciana, five years before the birth of the son. In the mid seventies, he was a legionary legate under his father in Syria. He then married a lady from Nemausus (Nimes) in Gallia Narbonensis, Pompeia Plotina, was quaestor about 78 and praetor about 84. In 86, he became one of the child Hadrian's guardians. He was then appointed legate of legio VII Gemina in Hispania Tarraconensis, from which he marched at Domitian's orders in 89 to crush the uprising of Antonius Saturninus along the Rhine. He next fought in Domitian's war against the Germans along Rhine and Danube and was rewarded with an ordinary consulship in 91. Soon followed the governorship of Moesia inferior and then that of Germania superior, with his headquarters at Moguntiacum (Mainz), whither Hadrian brought him the news in autumn 97 that he had been adopted by the emperor Nerva, as co-ruler and intended successor. Already recipient of the title imperator and possessor of the tribunician power, when Nerva died on January 27, 98, Trajan became emperor in a smooth transition of power which marked the next three quarters of a century.

Early Years through the Dacian Wars
Trajan did not return immediately to Rome. He chose to stay in his German province and settle affairs on that frontier. He showed that he approved Domitian's arrangements, with the establishment of two provinces, their large military garrisons, and the beginnings of the limes. Those who might have wished for a renewed war of conquest against the Germans were disappointed. The historian Tacitus may well have been one of these.

Trajan then visited the crucial Danube provinces of Pannonia and Moesia, where the Dacian king Decebalus had caused much difficulty for the Romans and had inflicted a heavy defeat upon a Roman army about a decade before. Domitian had established a modus vivendi with Decebalus, essentially buying his good behavior, but the latter had then continued his activities hostile to Rome. Trajan clearly thought that this corner of empire would require his personal attention and a lasting and satisfactory solution.

Trajan spent the year 100 in Rome, seeing to the honors and deification of his predecessor, establishing good and sensitive relations with the senate, in sharp contrast with Domitian's "war against the senate." Yet his policies essentially continued Domitian's; he was no less master of the state and the ultimate authority over individuals, but his good nature and respect for those who had until recently been his peers if not his superiors won him great favor. He was called optimus by the people and that word began to appear among his titulature, although it had not been decreed by the senate. Yet his thoughts were ever on the Danube. Preparations for a great campaign were under way, particularly with transfers of legions and their attendant auxiliaries from Germany and Britain and other provinces and the establishment of two new ones, II Traiana and XXX Ulpia, which brought the total muster to 30, the highest number yet reached in the empire's history.

In 101 the emperor took the field. The war was one which required all his military abilities and all the engineering and discipline for which the Roman army was renowned. Trajan was fortunate to have Apollodorus of Damascus in his service, who built a roadway through the Iron Gates by cantilevering it from the sheer face of the rock so that the army seemingly marched on water. He was also to build a great bridge across the Danube, with 60 stone piers (traces of this bridge still survive). When Trajan was ready to move he moved with great speed, probably driving into the heart of Dacian territory with two columns, until, in 102, Decebalus chose to capitulate. He prostrated himself before Trajan and swore obedience; he was to become a client king. Trajan returned to Rome and added the title Dacicus to his titulature.

Decebalus, however, once left to his own devices, undertook to challenge Rome again, by raids across the Danube into Roman territory and by attempting to stir up some of the tribes north of the river against her. Trajan took the field again in 106, intending this time to finish the job of Decebalus' subjugation. It was a brutal struggle, with some of the characteristics of a war of extirpation, until the Dacian king, driven from his capital of Sarmizegethusa and hunted like an animal, chose to commit suicide rather than to be paraded in a Roman triumph and then be put to death.

The war was over. It had taxed Roman resources, with 11 legions involved, but the rewards were great. Trajan celebrated a great triumph, which lasted 123 days and entertained the populace with a vast display of gladiators and animals. The land was established as a province, the first on the north side of the Danube. Much of the native population which had survived warfare was killed or enslaved, their place taken by immigrants from other parts of the empire. The vast wealth of Dacian mines came to Rome as war booty, enabling Trajan to support an extensive building program almost everywhere, but above all in Italy and in Rome. In the capital, Apollodorus designed and built in the huge forum already under construction a sculpted column, precisely 100 Roman feet high, with 23 spiral bands filled with 2500 figures, which depicted, like a scroll being unwound, the history of both Dacian wars. It was, and still is, one of the great achievements of imperial "propaganda." In southern Dacia, at Adamklissi, a large tropaeum was built on a hill, visible from a great distance, as a tangible statement of Rome's domination. Its effect was similar to that of Augustus' monument at La Turbie above Monaco; both were constant reminders for the inhabitants who gazed at it that they had once been free and were now subjects of a greater power.

Administration and Social Policy
The chief feature of Trajan's administration was his good relations with the senate, which allowed him to accomplish whatever he wished without general opposition. His auctoritas was more important than his imperium. At the very beginning of Trajan's reign, the historian Tacitus, in the biography of his father-in-law Agricola, spoke of the newly won compatibility of one-man rule and individual liberty established by Nerva and expanded by Trajan (Agr. 3.1, primo statim beatissimi saeculi ortu Nerva Caesar res olim dissociabiles miscuerit, principatum ac libertatem, augeatque cotidie felicitatem temporum Nerva Traianus,….) [13] At the end of the work, Tacitus comments, when speaking of Agricola's death, that he had forecast the principate of Trajan but had died too soon to see it (Agr. 44.5, ei non licuit durare in hanc beatissimi saeculi lucem ac principem Traianum videre, quod augurio votisque apud nostras aures ominabatur,….) Whether one believes that principate and liberty had truly been made compatible or not, this evidently was the belief of the aristocracy of Rome. Trajan, by character and actions, contributed to this belief, and he undertook to reward his associates with high office and significant promotions. During his principate, he himself held only 6 consulates, while arranging for third consulates for several of his friends. Vespasian had been consul 9 times, Titus 8, Domitian 17! In the history of the empire there were only 12 or 13 private who reached the eminence of third consulates. Agrippa had been the first, L. Vitellius the second. Under Trajan there were 3: Sex. Iulius Frontinus (100), T. Vestricius Spurinna (100), and L. Licinius Sura (107). There were also 10 who held second consulships: L. Iulius Ursus Servianus (102), M.' Laberius Maximus (103), Q. Glitius Atilius Agricola (103), P. Metilius Sabinus Nepos (103?), Sex. Attius Suburanus Aemilianus (104), Ti. Iulius Candidus Marius Celsus (105), C. Antius A. Iulius Quadratus (105), Q. Sosius Senecio (107), A. Cornelius Palma Frontonianus (109), and L. Publilius Celsus (113). These men were essentially his close associates from pre-imperial days and his prime military commanders in the Dacian wars.

One major administrative innovation can be credited to Trajan. This was the introduction of curators who, as representatives of the central government, assumed financial control of local communities, both in Italy and the provinces. Pliny in Bithynia is the best known of these imperial officials. The inexorable shift from freedmen to equestrians in the imperial ministries continued, to culminate under Hadrian, and he devoted much attention and considerable state resources to the expansion of the alimentary system, which purposed to support orphans throughout Italy. The splendid arch at Beneventum represents Trajan as a civilian emperor, with scenes of ordinary life and numerous children depicted, which underscored the prosperity of Italy.

The satirist Juvenal, a contemporary of the emperor, in one of his best known judgments, laments that the citizen of Rome, once master of the world, is now content only with "bread and circuses."

Nam qui dabat olim / imperium, fasces, legiones, omnia, nunc se / continet, atque duas tantum res anxius optat, / panem et circenses. (X 78-81)

Trajan certainly took advantage of that mood, indeed exacerbated it, by improving the reliabilty of the grain supply (the harbor at Ostia and the distribution system as exemplified in the Mercati in Rome). Fronto did not entirely approve, if indeed he approved at all. The plebs esteemed the emperor for the glory he had brought Rome, for the great wealth he had won which he turned to public uses, and for his personality and manner. Though emperor, he prided himself upon being civilis, a term which indicated comportment suitable for a Roman citizen.

There was only one major addition to the Rome's empire other than Dacia in the first decade and a half of Trajan's reign. This was the province of Arabia, which followed upon the absorption of the Nabataean kingdom (105-106).

Building Projects
Trajan had significant effect upon the infrastructure of both Rome and Italy. His greatest monument in the city, if the single word "monument" can effectively describe the complex, was the forum which bore his name, much the largest, and the last, of the series known as the "imperial fora." Excavation for a new forum had already begun under Domitian, but it was Apollodorus who designed and built the whole. Enormous in its extent, the Basilica Ulpia was the centerpiece, the largest wood roofed building in the Roman world. In the open courtyard before it was an equestrian statue of Trajan, behind it was the column; there were libraries, one for Latin scrolls, the other for Greek, on each side. A significant omission was a temple; this circumstance was later rectified by Hadrian, who built a large temple to the deified Trajan and Plotina.

The column was both a history in stone and the intended mausoleum for the emperor, whose ashes were indeed placed in the column base. An inscription over the doorway, somewhat cryptic because part of the text has disappeared, reads as follows:

Senatus populusque Romanus imp. Caesari divi Nervae f. Nervae Traiano Aug. Germ. Dacico pontif. Maximo trib. pot. XVII imp. VI p.p. ad declarandum quantae altitudinis mons et locus tant[is oper]ibus sit egestus (Smallwood 378)

On the north side of the forum, built into the slopes of the Quirinal hill, were the Markets of Trajan, which served as a shopping mall and the headquarters of the annona, the agency responsible for the receipt and distribution of grain.

On the Esquiline hill was constructed the first of the huge imperial baths, using a large part of Nero's Domus Aurea as its foundations. On the other side of the river a new aqueduct was constructed, which drew its water from Lake Bracciano and ran some 60 kilometers to the heights of the Janiculum Hill. It was dedicated in 109. A section of its channel survives in the basement of the American Academy in Rome.

The arch in Beneventum is the most significant monument elsewhere in Italy. It was dedicated in 114, to mark the beginning of the new Via Traiana, which offered an easier route to Brundisium than that of the ancient Via Appia.

Trajan devoted much attention to the construction and improvement of harbors. His new hexagonal harbor at Ostia at last made that port the most significant in Italy, supplanting Puteoli, so that henceforth the grain ships docked there and their cargo was shipped by barge up the Tiber to Rome. Terracina benefited as well from harbor improvements, and the Via Appia now ran directly through the city along a new route, with some 130 Roman feet of sheer cliff being cut away so that the highway could bend along the coast. Ancona on the Adriatic Sea became the major harbor on that coast for central Italy in 114-115, and Trajan's activity was commemorated by an arch. The inscription reports that the senate and people dedicated it to the []iprovidentissimo principi quod accessum Italiae hoc etiam addito ex pecunia sua portu tutiorem navigantibus reddiderit (Smallwood 387). Centumcellae, the modern Civitavecchia, also profited from a new harbor. The emperor enjoyed staying there, and on at least one occasion summoned his consilium there.

Elsewhere in the empire the great bridge at Alcantara in Spain, spanning the Tagus River, still in use, testifies to the significant attention the emperor gave to the improvement of communication throughout his entire domain.

Family Relations; the Women
After the death of his father, Trajan had no close male relatives. His life was as closely linked with his wife and female relations as that of any of his predecessors; these women played enormously important roles in the empire's public life, and received honors perhaps unparalleled. His wife, Pompeia Plotina, is reported to have said, when she entered the imperial palace in Rome for the first time, that she hoped she would leave it the same person she was when she entered. She received the title Augusta no later than 105. She survived Trajan, dying probably in 121, and was honored by Hadrian with a temple, which she shared with her husband, in the great forum which the latter had built.

His sister Marciana, five years his elder, and he shared a close affection. She received the title Augusta, along with Plotina, in 105 and was deified in 112 upon her death. Her daughter Matidia became Augusta upon her mother's death, and in her turn was deified in 119. Both women received substantial monuments in the Campus Martius, there being basilicas of each and a temple of divae Matidiae. Hadrian was responsible for these buildings, which were located near the later temple of the deified Hadrian, not far from the column of Marcus Aurelius.

Matidia's daughter, Sabina, was married to Hadrian in the year 100. The union survived almost to the end of Hadrian's subsequent principate, in spite of the mutual loathing that they had for each other. Sabina was Trajan's great niece, and thereby furnished Hadrian a crucial link to Trajan.

The women played public roles as significant as any of their predecessors. They traveled with the emperor on public business and were involved in major decisions. They were honored throughout the empire, on monuments as well as in inscriptions. Plotina, Marciana, and Matidia, for example, were all honored on the arch at Ancona along with Trajan.

The Parthian War
In 113, Trajan began preparations for a decisive war against Parthia. He had been a "civilian" emperor for seven years, since his victory over the Dacians, and may well have yearned for a last, great military achievement, which would rival that of Alexander the Great. Yet there was a significant cause for war in the Realpolitik of Roman-Parthian relations, since the Parthians had placed a candidate of their choice upon the throne of Armenia without consultation and approval of Rome. When Trajan departed Rome for Antioch, in a leisurely tour of the eastern empire while his army was being mustered, he probably intended to destroy at last Parthia's capabilities to rival Rome's power and to reduce her to the status of a province (or provinces). It was a great enterprise, marked by initial success but ultimate disappointment and failure.

In 114 he attacked the enemy through Armenia and then, over three more years, turned east and south, passing through Mesopotamia and taking Babylon and the capital of Ctesiphon. He then is said to have reached the Persian Gulf and to have lamented that he was too old to go further in Alexander's footsteps. In early 116 he received the title Parthicus.

The territories, however, which had been handily won, were much more difficult to hold. Uprisings among the conquered peoples, and particularly among the Jews in Palestine and the Diaspora, caused him to gradually resign Roman rule over these newly-established provinces as he returned westward. The revolts were brutally suppressed. In mid 117, Trajan, now a sick man, was slowly returning to Italy, having left Hadrian in command in the east, when he died in Selinus of Cilicia on August 9, having designated Hadrian as his successor while on his death bed. Rumor had it that Plotina and Matidia were responsible for the choice, made when the emperor was already dead. Be that as it may, there was no realistic rival to Hadrian, linked by blood and marriage to Trajan and now in command of the empire's largest military forces. Hadrian received notification of his designation on August 11, and that day marked his dies imperii. Among Hadrian's first acts was to give up all of Trajan's eastern conquests.

Trajan's honors and reputation
Hadrian saw to it that Trajan received all customary honors: the late emperor was declared a divus, his victories were commemorated in a great triumph, and his ashes were placed in the base of his column. Trajan's reputation remained unimpaired, in spite of the ultimate failure of his last campaigns. Early in his principate, he had unofficially been honored with the title optimus, "the best," which long described him even before it became, in 114, part of his official titulature. His correspondence with Pliny enables posterity to gain an intimate sense of the emperor in action. His concern for justice and the well-being of his subjects is underscored by his comment to Pliny, when faced with the question of the Christians, that they were not to be sought out, "nor is it appropriate to our age." At the onset of his principate, Tacitus called Trajan's accession the beginning of a beatissimum saeculum, and so it remained in the public mind. Admired by the people, respected by the senatorial aristocracy, he faced no internal difficulties, with no rival nor opposition. His powers were as extensive as Domitian's had been, but his use and display of these powers were very different from those of his predecessor, who had claimed to be deus et dominus. Not claiming to be a god, he was recognized in the official iconography of sculpture as Jupiter's viceregent on earth, so depicted on the attic reliefs of the Beneventan arch. The passage of time increased Trajan's aura rather than diminished it. In the late fourth century, when the Roman Empire had dramatically changed in character from what it had been in Trajan's time, each new emperor was hailed with the prayer, felicior Augusto, melior Traiano, "may he be luckier than Augustus and better than Trajan." That reputation has essentially survived into the present day.

Copyright (C) 2000, Herbert W. Benario.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
NabatAre2.jpeg
[402a] Nabataean Kingdom, Aretas II, c. 110 - 96 B.C.20 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Aretas II, c. 110 - 96 B.C. Bronze AE 16, Meshorer 1, Fair, Damascus, 2.127g, 14.2mm, 0o. Obverse: head right with crested helmet, long hair; Reverse: Nike standing left, holidng uncertain object in left, wreath in right. Ex FORVM.

Nabataea was first mentioned by the historian Diodorus in 312 B.C. The early Nabataeans forsook all building and agriculture because those who possess these things, in order to retain them, are easily compelled by the powerful to do their bidding. Rather than fight invaders, they would go into the desert where only they could survive. In the middle of the first century B.C., the Nabataeans established their urban civilization. The first king to issue coins was Aretas II, a contemporary of Alexander Jannaeus. In 62 B.C., Pompey conquered the area but was unable to take Petra. Nabataea was wealthy from incense trade and apparently paid tribute to keep independent rule. The Nabataeans fought with Herod and also provided forces to the Romans during the Second Jewish Revolt. In 106 A.D., Nabataea was incorporated into the Roman Provincia Arabia. One of the latest known Nabataean inscriptions, from 191 A.D., records "…This in the year 85 of the Eparchy [Roman Rule], in whi[ch] A[rabs] destroyed the land." It seems likely that raiding Arab tribes extinguished what remained of a weakened Nabataean culture. In 747 A.D. what was left of the Nabataean cities was destroyed in a major earthquake.
See: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=54&pos=0
Cleisthenes
NabatAr4Pet.jpg
[402b] Nabataean Kingdom, Aretas IV, 9 B.C. - 40 A.D.26 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Aretas IV, 9 B.C. - 40 A.D., Bronze AE 15, SNG ANS 1435, F, Petra mint, 2.207g, 13.7mm, 0. Obverse: Aretas stands front in military dress, spear in right, left on pommel of sword in scabbard, Aramaic monogram (H) upper right. Reverse: Shuqailat standing l., veiled, wearing long chiton, right hand raised, Shuqailat in Aramaic in right field. Ex FORVM.

Nabataea was first mentioned by the historian Diodorus in 312 B.C. The early Nabataeans forsook all building and agriculture because those who possess these things, in order to retain them, are easily compelled by the powerful to do their bidding. Rather than fight invaders, they would go into the desert where only they could survive. In the middle of the first century B.C., the Nabataeans established their urban civilization. The first king to issue coins was Aretas II, a contemporary of Alexander Jannaeus. In 62 B.C., Pompey conquered the area but was unable to take Petra. Nabataea was wealthy from incense trade and apparently paid tribute to keep independent rule. The Nabataeans fought with Herod and also provided forces to the Romans during the Second Jewish Revolt. In 106 A.D., Nabataea was incorporated into the Roman Provincia Arabia. One of the latest known Nabataean inscriptions, from 191 A.D., records "…This in the year 85 of the Eparchy [Roman Rule], in whi[ch] A[rabs] destroyed the land." It seems likely that raiding Arab tribes extinguished what remained of a weakened Nabataean culture. In 747 A.D. what was left of the Nabataean cities was destroyed in a major earthquake.

Aretas IV was the greatest Nabataean king, ruling S. Palestine, most of Trans-Jordan, N. Arabia, and Damascus. Little is known of him because Nabataea did not keep records. Paul mentions Aretas in connection with his visit to Damascus (2 Corinthians 11:32).

See: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=54&pos=0

Edited By J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
NabatMali2.jpg
[402c] Nabataean Kingdom, Malichus II, 40 - 70 A.D.26 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Malichus II, 40 - 70 A.D. Bronze AE 15, BMC 4-5, S 5703, Petra, 3.12g, 17.8mm, 0o. Obverse: jugate laureate and draped bust of Malichus II and Shaquilath II right; Reverse: two cornucopias crossed and filleted, Aramaic legend, "Malichus, Shaquilath" in two lines above and one below. Ex FORVM.

Nabataea was first mentioned by the historian Diodorus in 312 B.C. The early Nabataeans forsook all building and agriculture because those who possess these things, in order to retain them, are easily compelled by the powerful to do their bidding. Rather than fight invaders, they would go into the desert where only they could survive. In the middle of the first century B.C., the Nabataeans established their urban civilization. The first king to issue coins was Aretas II, a contemporary of Alexander Jannaeus. In 62 B.C., Pompey conquered the area but was unable to take Petra. Nabataea was wealthy from incense trade and apparently paid tribute to keep independent rule. The Nabataeans fought with Herod and also provided forces to the Romans during the Second Jewish Revolt. In 106 A.D., Nabataea was incorporated into the Roman Provincia Arabia. One of the latest known Nabataean inscriptions, from 191 A.D., records "…This in the year 85 of the Eparchy [Roman Rule], in whi[ch] A[rabs] destroyed the land." It seems likely that raiding Arab tribes extinguished what remained of a weakened Nabataean culture. In 747 A.D. what was left of the Nabataean cities was destroyed in a major earthquake.
See: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=54&pos=0

In 67 A.D. Malichus II sent an army to help Vespasian in the siege of Jerusalem. Malichus lost control of Damascus but retained the territory to the east and southeast of it.
Cleisthenes
Malichus II.jpg
[402d] Nabataean Kingdom, Malichus II, 40 - 70 A.D.21 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Malichus II, 40 - 70 A.D. Bronze AE 16, Meshorer 140A, S 5703, SNG ANS 1444, BMC 4-5, F, Petra mint, 2.174g, 15.2mm, 0o. Obverse: jugate laureate and draped bust of Malichus II and Shuqailat II right; Reverse: two cornucopias, crossed and filleted, Aramaic legend, "Malichus / Shuqai/lat" in two lines above and one below the cornucopias. Ex FORVM.

Nabataea was first mentioned by the historian Diodorus in 312 B.C. The early Nabataeans forsook all building and agriculture because those who possess these things, in order to retain them, are easily compelled by the powerful to do their bidding. Rather than fight invaders, they would go into the desert where only they could survive. In the middle of the first century B.C., the Nabataeans established their urban civilization. Aretas II was a contemporary of Alexander Jannaeus. Aretas III was the first to issue coins, which he began after he defeated the Seleucid army in 84 B.C. and the council of Damascus asked him to govern their city. In 62 B.C., Pompey conquered the area but was unable to take Petra. Nabataea was wealthy from incense trade and apparently paid tribute to keep independent rule. The Nabataeans fought with Herod and also provided forces to the Romans during the Second Jewish Revolt. In 106 A.D., Nabataea was incorporated into the Roman Provincia Arabia. One of the latest known Nabataean inscriptions, from 191 A.D., records "…This in the year 85 of the Eparchy [Roman Rule], in whi[ch] A[rabs] destroyed the land." It seems likely that raiding Arab tribes extinguished what remained of a weakened Nabataean culture. In 747 A.D. what was left of the Nabataean cities was destroyed in a major earthquake.

Damascus was finally lost to the Nabataeans under Malichus II (AD 40 -70 AD) son of Aretas IV. Little is known of him, but according to Josephus he sent Emperor Titus 1000 cavalry and 5000 infantry which took part in the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70.

http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp
Cleisthenes
Malichus2.jpg
[402e] Nabataean Kingdom, Malichus II, 40 - 70 A.D.30 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Malichus II, 40 - 70 A.D. Bronze AE 16, Meshorer 140A, S 5703, SNG ANS 1444, BMC 4-5, gF, Petra mint, 2.363g, 15.6mm, 0o. Obverse: jugate laureate and draped bust of Malichus II and Shuqailat II right; Reverse: two cornucopias, crossed and filleted, Aramaic legend, "Malichus / Shuqai/lat" in two lines above and one below the cornucopias. Ex FORVM.

Nabataea was first mentioned by the historian Diodorus in 312 B.C. The early Nabataeans forsook all building and agriculture because those who possess these things, in order to retain them, are easily compelled by the powerful to do their bidding. Rather than fight invaders, they would go into the desert where only they could survive. In the middle of the first century B.C., the Nabataeans established their urban civilization. Aretas II was a contemporary of Alexander Jannaeus. Aretas III was the first to issue coins, which he began after he defeated the Seleucid army in 84 B.C. and the council of Damascus asked him to govern their city. In 62 B.C., Pompey conquered the area but was unable to take Petra. Nabataea was wealthy from incense trade and apparently paid tribute to keep independent rule. The Nabataeans fought with Herod and also provided forces to the Romans during the Second Jewish Revolt. In 106 A.D., Nabataea was incorporated into the Roman Provincia Arabia. One of the latest known Nabataean inscriptions, from 191 A.D., records "…This in the year 85 of the Eparchy [Roman Rule], in whi[ch] A[rabs] destroyed the land." It seems likely that raiding Arab tribes extinguished what remained of a weakened Nabataean culture. In 747 A.D. what was left of the Nabataean cities was destroyed in a major earthquake.

Damascus was finally lost to the Nabataeans under Malichus II (AD 40 -70 AD) son of Aretas IV. Little is known of him, but according to Josephus he sent Emperor Titus 1000 cavalry and 5000 infantry which took part in the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70.

http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp
Cleisthenes
NabatRabl2.jpeg
[402f] Nabataean Kingdom, Rabbel II, 70 - 106 A.D.38 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Rabbel II, 70 - 106 A.D. Bronze AE 16, SNG ANS 1447, BMC 3-7, S 5706, Fair, Petra, 2.66g, 16.2mm, 0o. Obverse: jugate laureate busts of Rabbel II and Gamilath, Rabbel II has long hair and ornament on the top of his head; Reverse: two crossed cornucopias, Aramaic legend "Rabbel / Gamilath" in two lines between the horns. Ex FORVM.

Nabataea was first mentioned by the historian Diodorus in 312 B.C. The early Nabataeans forsook all building and agriculture because those who possess these things, in order to retain them, are easily compelled by the powerful to do their bidding. Rather than fight invaders, they would go into the desert where only they could survive. In the middle of the first century B.C., the Nabataeans established their urban civilization. The first king to issue coins was Aretas II, a contemporary of Alexander Jannaeus. In 62 B.C., Pompey conquered the area but was unable to take Petra. Nabataea was wealthy from incense trade and apparently paid tribute to keep independent rule. The Nabataeans fought with Herod and also provided forces to the Romans during the Second Jewish Revolt. In 106 A.D., Nabataea was incorporated into the Roman Provincia Arabia. One of the latest known Nabataean inscriptions, from 191 A.D., records "…This in the year 85 of the Eparchy [Roman Rule], in whi[ch] A[rabs] destroyed the land." It seems likely that raiding Arab tribes extinguished what remained of a weakened Nabataean culture. In 747 A.D. what was left of the Nabataean cities was destroyed in a major earthquake.
See: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=54&pos=0

Rabbel II was known as "He who gives life and salvation to his people," a title perhaps earned subjugating Arab tribes. The Nabataean Kingdom ended when Trajan created Provincia Arabia in 106 A.D. Gamilath was Rabbel's sister and wife.
See: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=54&pos=0
Cleisthenes
NabatRab2.jpg
[402g] Nabataean Kingdom, Rabbel II, 70 - 106 A.D.39 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Rabbel II, 70 - 106 A.D. Bronze AE 17, BMC 3-7, S 5706, gF, Petra, 2.36g, 16.7mm, 180o. Obverse: jugate laureate busts of Rabbel II and Gamilath, Rabbel II has long hair and ornament on the top of his head; Reverse: two crossed cornucopias, Aramaic legend "Rabbel / Gamilath" in two lines between the horns. Ex FORVM.

Nabataea was first mentioned by the historian Diodorus in 312 B.C. The early Nabataeans forsook all building and agriculture because those who possess these things, in order to retain them, are easily compelled by the powerful to do their bidding. Rather than fight invaders, they would go into the desert where only they could survive. In the middle of the first century B.C., the Nabataeans established their urban civilization. The first king to issue coins was Aretas II, a contemporary of Alexander Jannaeus. In 62 B.C., Pompey conquered the area but was unable to take Petra. Nabataea was wealthy from incense trade and apparently paid tribute to keep independent rule. The Nabataeans fought with Herod and also provided forces to the Romans during the Second Jewish Revolt. In 106 A.D., Nabataea was incorporated into the Roman Provincia Arabia. One of the latest known Nabataean inscriptions, from 191 A.D., records "…This in the year 85 of the Eparchy [Roman Rule], in whi[ch] A[rabs] destroyed the land." It seems likely that raiding Arab tribes extinguished what remained of a weakened Nabataean culture. In 747 A.D. what was left of the Nabataean cities was destroyed in a major earthquake.

See: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=54&pos=0
Cleisthenes
     
137 files on 1 page(s)