Classical Numismatics Discussion Members' Gallery
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register.

Members' Gallery Home | Member Collections | Last Added | Last Comments | Most Viewed | Top Rated | My Favorities | Search Galleries
Search results - "NOT"
DenCensorino.jpg
21 viewsC. MARCIVS CENSORINVUS - Denarius - 88 B.C. - Mint of Rome
Gens Marcia
Ob.: Diademed head of Apollo right
Rev.: Horse galloping right. P above, C CENSOR below. In ex. another controlmark
gs. 3,8 mm. 16,4
Craw. 346/2b
Maxentius
Trajan_Cos_II.jpg
70 viewsIn the picture we can see how the head of an emperor closely resembles the preceeding one. The top three coins are COS II. RIC 9 (3.6g); RIC 12 (3,40g); RIC 22 (3.31g). All have good weights and the RIC 9 is quite possibly overstruck at 3.6g.

Below the three Trajans is a Nerva and it's very similar to the first issues of Trajan. I think it's safe to say that the engravers did not meet the emperor in person.
Paddy
Tacitus- Dikaiosyne.jpg
506 viewsTacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

AK K Λ TAKITOC CEB

AK: AVTOKRATOR is the equivalent of the Latin Imperator, 'emperor'.
K Λ is an abbreviation for K AV IOC, 'Claudius' transliterated into Greek.
TOK: TAKITOC= Tacitus
CEB: SEBASTOS (greek indication for augustus).

With the pellet between TOC . CEB

Reverse:
ETOVC A (year 1)

Dikaiosyne standing left holding scales in right hand and cornucopia in left. Diakaiosyne is the Greek equivalent of Aequitas ('Equity, Fair Dealing' to quote Sear).

Domination: Billon TETRAdrachm (4 drachms): size 21 mm

Mint: Alexandria, provincial.

Comment:
These Egyptian issues are not in RIC, but the old standard catalogue for these is Milne, where yours is no. 4492, with the pellet between TOC . CEB. They are also listed in the new Sear vol.III (though in not as much detail), where the nearest is 11831, which doesn't have the pellets in the obverse legend (Milne 4489). Other references : Curtis 1832, BMC 2403v ; Geissen 3115.
1 commentsJohn Schou
DenTMalApClQUrb.jpg
20 viewsDenarius - 111/110 B.C. Rome mint
APPIVS CL. PVLCHER, T. MALLIVS - Gens Mallia - Claudia.
Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, quadrangular device behind
Rev.: Victory in triga right, T. MAL. (in monogr.) AP. CL. Q. VR. in ex.
Gs. 3,8 mm. 17,82
Crawf. 299/1b, Sear RCV 176, Grueber 1293

For Crawford, Q. VR would not mean Quaestores Urbani, but the name of a third moneyer, Q. Urbinius.
Maxentius
aajudaeabrit.jpg
31 viewsCaesarea, Paneas. AE23.
Obv : head of Claudius
Rev : His 3 children : Antonia, Britannicus and Octavia

Ref : RPC 4842
Hen-567
This coin type seems questionable to place under the coinage of Agrippa II since the legends do not mention Agrippa and the time of minting does not conform to the other Agrippa II coins. We will notice the absence of Agrippa's name in other issues as well. At the very least, though, it was struck at Caesarea-Paneas, so it is definitely part of the city coinage. It is catalogued in The Numismatic Legacy of the Jews in the city coinage section as #208.
R. Smits, Numismatist for Numismall
Philip_1_Lion_Ruby_A.jpg
69 viewsPHILIP I, AD 244-249, AR Antoninianus minted at Rome,
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG Radiate, cuirassed and draped bust right of Philip I
Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG Lion walking right I in exergue. 22.5mm. RIC 12; C. 173.
Ex Superior Ruby Part 2 Sale, June 17 through 22, 1974, lot 1045.
Ex. Dr. Charles L. Ruby Collection
Ex. Dr. Paul Rynearson

Note: The Ruby collection was purchase in 1971 by Superior Galleries for $1,000,000 and sold in three auctions. This coin was sold in auction two of the three auctions. This coin is pictured in the catalog and sold for $65.00.
paul1888
UV4_full_web.jpg
14 viewsExergue seems to be: SMHB. Note the bungled (sideways) S.Matthew W2
UV1_full_web.jpg
43 viewsExergue seems to be: (dot?) SM.... (this could possibly be cleaned a bit further to reveal more detail, but I am suspicious that the third letter in the exergue is H, so I am not sure that further cleaning would be worthwhile, at least not until my cleaning skills improve).4 commentsMatthew W2
severus_alexander_virtus.jpg
97 viewsSeverus Alexander, AR Denarius, 228-231, Rome
Obverse: IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG
Laureate head right, slight drapery on left shoulder
Reverse: VIRTVS AVG
Virtus, helmeted, right breast exposed, standing left, Victory in right hand, left hand resting on shield, spear against left arm
18mm x 20mm, 3.29g
RIC IV, Part II, 220 (C)
Note: purchased from Beast Coins October 2007. Zack indicated that It was one of the first ancient coins he ever owned and bought it from David Vagi at the Mid-America Coin Show in 2000 along with 14 other pieces
3 commentspaul1888
Urbs_right_2.jpg
20 viewsThe reverse is still a bit encrusted. Also, the lettering on the obverse does not seem consistent with "Urbs Roma" - any ideas?Matthew W2
edward_III.jpg
45 viewsEdward III Groat; Pre-Treaty Period; 1356 to 1361

Edward III - Born: November 13, 1312 – Died: June 21, 1377; was Kind of England from February 1, 1327 to June 21, 1377. He was considered one of the most successful kinds of the middle ages and rebuilt the military into an international military power. His reign occurred directly after the reign of his father, Edward II, who was not considered a successful king.
1 commentspaul1888
philip_I_on_horseback_sept.jpg
82 viewsPHILIP. 244-249 AD. AR Antoninianus. 4.47 grams
Rome, struck 244-247 AD.
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG; / Bust of Philip right
Reverse: ADVENTVS AVGG; Phillip riding the horse, holding spear.

Note: The reverse of this coin makes refernce to the return of Philip I and his son to Rome after the death of Gordian III.
Ref: Historical References to Coins of the Roman Empire by E. A. Syndenham
3 commentspaul1888
Philip_I_antelope_gorny.jpg
38 viewsPhilip I, AR Antoninianus, 248, Rome, Officina 6
IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
SAECVLARES AVGG
Antelope walking left
UI in exergue
4.69g
RIC IV, Part III, 21 (C)
Ex: Gorny & Mosch auction 196, lot 2867
Note horns at about a 45 degree angle
paul1888
Ancient_Counterfeits_Trajan_Limes_Falsum_Fortuna.jpg
63 viewsTrajan Limes Falsum?
Imitating a Dupondius, RIC 502 or RIC 591
Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V (VI?) P P
Apparently a double strike, which means that the coin was struck, not cast.
Rev: S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI
Fortuna standing l., holding rudder and cornucopiae
28mm, 3.31g
klausklage
Otacilia_hippo.jpg
62 viewsOtacilia Severa, wife of Philip I (A.D. 244-249), Silver Antoninianus, Rome mint, fourth officina, A.D. 248, diademed draped bust of Otacilia right, on crescent, OTACIL SEVERA AVG, rev., SAECVLARES AVGG, hippopotamus standing right, IIII in exergue, (RCV 9160; RIC 116b),

Ex Superior Ruby Part 2 Sale, June 17 through 22, 1974, lot 1048.
Ex. Dr. Charles L. Ruby Collection
Ex: Dr. Paul Rynearson
Ex: Kirk Davis Catalog of Ancient Coins, No. 61, Lot 84

Note: The Ruby collection was purchase in 1971 by Superior Galleries for $1,000,000 and sold in three auctions. This coin was sold in auction two of the three auctions. This coin is pictured in the catalog and sold for $95.00.
1 commentspaul1888
Titus_Antioch_-_Gemini_X_Lot_758.jpg
69 viewsAR denarius (3.02 gm).

T CAES [IMP VESP] PON TR POT, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / NEP RED (N retrograde), Neptune standing left, right foot on globe, with acrostolium and sceptre. Antioch mint, struck AD 72-73.

RIC II.1, 1561 (see note 81); BMCRE II, 516; RSC II, 122; RPC II, 1933.

From the Harry Sneh collection.

6 commentssocalcoins
Domitian_Minerva_spear_left.jpg
104 viewsDOMITIAN. 81-96 AD. AR Denarius (20mm - 3.35 g). Rome mint. Struck 88-9 AD. IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG GERM P M TR P VIII, laureate head right / IMP XVII COS XIIII CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, holding spear in right hand, left hand on hip. RIC II 662 (R2); BMCRE pg. 330, note; RSC 244a. Very Rare.

Ex: Gemini Auction IX, January 8, 2012, lot 402; Ex: Harry N. Sneh Collection
5 commentspaul1888
roman_tray2a.jpg
62 viewsPreparing to trim down my collection to one portait of each Roman family member that I can find this is the second tray, the first part of the third century. Compiled this tray then noticed that I'd forgotten to put in Trajan Decius (doh!).1 commentsmauseus
Philip_I_antelope_UI_45.jpg
46 viewsPhilip I, AR Antoninianus, 248, Rome, Officina 6
IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
SAECVLARES AVGG
Antelope walking left
UI in exergue
4.69g
RIC IV, Part III, 21 (C)
Ex: Gorny & Mosch auction 196, lot 2867
Note horns at about a 45 degree angle
1 commentspaul1888
Philip_I_on_horseback_a.jpg
48 viewsPHILIP. 244-249 AD. AR Antoninianus. 4.47 grams
Rome, struck 244-247 AD.
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG; / Bust of Philip right
Reverse: ADVENTVS AVGG; Phillip riding the horse, holding spear.

Note: The reverse of this coin makes refernce to the return of Philip I and his son to Rome after the death of Gordian III.
Ref: Historical References to Coins of the Roman Empire by E. A. Syndenham
1 commentspaul1888
Eion.jpg
74 viewsMacedon, Eion, trihemiobol, 5th century BC, goose standing right, head looking back; above, lizard, rev., quadripartite incuse square, 0.77g

Boston 610; K. Regling, Die Griechischen Munzen der Sammlung Warren, Berlin, 1906, 569 ; SNG ANS 274ff.

Provenance:
Ex: Morton and Eden Ltd, In association with Sotheby’s; A Collection of Exceptional Greek Coins, Catalog 51, Monday, October 24, 2011, lot 85
Ex: Numismatic Fine Arts VIII, 6 June 1980, lot 97
Ex: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Collection (accession number 04.667). Published: Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1955; 610 (this coin),
Ex: Edward Perry Warren collection; Published: Die Griechischen Munzen der Sammlung Warren, Berlin, 1906, 569 (this coin).
Ex: Canon Greenwell Collection


Note: Cannon Greenwell, a well-known Durham antiquarian, sold for £11.000 |$55.000) his fine collection of Greek coins to Edward Perry Warren in 1901.
Source: Los Angeles Herald, Volume XXVIII, Number 323, 19 August 1901, Page 7
4 commentspaul1888
note-08.jpg
2 viewsSpongeBob
note-07.jpg
6 viewsSpongeBob
promissary-2C.jpg
3 views1891 Promissory Note - John Deckman
Lycoming County, Pennsylvania
Payable for $100.00 one year after date of issue
SpongeBob
promissary-1C.jpg
3 views1891 Promissory Note - John Deckman
Lycoming County, Pennsylvania
Payable for $100.00 one year after date of issue
SpongeBob
image00327.jpg
19 viewsHeraclius & Heraclius Constantine overstruck on Phocas & Leontia . 610-641 / 602-610. Æ follis (26.89 mm, 8.78 g, 6 h). Host coin, Theopolis (Antioch) mint, 602-610 / after 610. overstrike, Thessalonica mint. Overstrike: fragmentary, d N hЄRA[CLIЧS PP AVG] Host coin, also fragmentary, [O N FOCA] NЄ PЄ [AV] , Overstrike: Heraclius (on left, and Heraclius constantine, barely visible on right) standing facing, each holding globus cruciger, cross between their heads Host coin: Phocas on left and Leontia standing facing; Emperor holds globus cruciger, Empress holds cruciform scepter; cross between their heads / Overstrike, large M between A / N / N / O and date (not struck-up), cross above, B below, ΘЄC in exergue Host coin, large m between [A / N /] N / O and date (unclear) cross above, ThЄЧP' in exergue. Host coin, Cf. SBCV 671; Overstrike, Cf. SBCV 824. VF for type, dark green patina on devices, lighter encrustation on fields - overstrike at ~ 90º ccw.

multiply struck: host coin is Phocas & Leontia from Antioch, SBCV 671 or similar overstrike, at ~ 90º ccw, is Heraclius from Thessalonica
Quant.Geek
Corinthian_Aryballos.jpg
28 viewsCorinthian Aryballos
ca. 6th century BC. Black figure decoration with winged figure. Provenance:Ex: Toledo Museum of Art; Came to Toledo Museum of Art in 1948. Not accessioned has an ID number of "App 7-30-48". UNACC.3.1948. H: 2 1/2 in. (6.4 cm).
paul1888
SB830_2110464.jpg
10 viewsNOT MY COIN - For References OnlyQuant.Geek
SB830_2087901.jpg
9 viewsNOT MY COIN - For References OnlyQuant.Geek
SB830_1372952.jpg
10 viewsNOT MY COIN - For References OnlyQuant.Geek
SB830_1358980.jpg
11 viewsNOT MY COIN - For References OnlyQuant.Geek
SB830_1212225.jpg
12 viewsNOT MY COIN - For References OnlyQuant.Geek
SB830_88001628.jpg
10 viewsNOT MY COIN - For References OnlyQuant.Geek
SB830_3828501.jpg
7 viewsNOT MY COIN - For References OnlyQuant.Geek
SB830_3550671.jpg
7 viewsNOT MY COIN - For References OnlyQuant.Geek
REVERSESl.jpg
124 viewsThis "Otho" with "VÍCTORIA PR" reverse is an ingenious fabrication created by the famous forger "Tardani". He had obviously realized that there were a few VICTORIA OTHONIS dies recut from Galba's VICTORIA PR dies and created this fictitious but possible coin with copies of real dies. I used to have this coin and another with the same dies is in the Berlin coin cabinet. Both are overweight, around 3.9 gr. It took some time to find a Galba minted with this particular reverse die but finally I succeeded. The final proof is seen in this coin, there are a few regions were the die has broken, ie before the die ever could have been used for an Otho coin. The coin is quite convincing because of the dies, but the surfaces were a bit strange and the legends unusual in profile.jmuona
Trajan.jpg
65 viewsTrajan AR Denarius. Rome, AD 113-114. IMP TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate and draped bust right / COS VI P P SPQR, Trajan's column surmounted by statue of the emperor; at base, two eagles. RIC 307; BMCRE 522; RSC 115. 3.53g, 20mm, 6h.
Of all of the truly monumental buildings and commemorative structures which the emperor Trajan built, only one, the Columna Traiani, has survived in a reasonable state of completeness. Indeed, it appears almost identical in person as it does on coins, except that the statue of Trajan that originally surmounted it was replaced in 1588 with a statue of St. Paul. When completed, the column occupied a prominent place between two libraries, the Basilica Ulpia and the Temple of Trajan and Plotina. The column was massive: it was over 12 feet in diameter at its base, and rose to a height of nearly 130 feet. Its core was comprised of 34 blocks of Carrara white marble that were made hollow so as to accommodate a circular staircase of 185 steps. The most remarkable feature of the column, however, was its ornamentation, for the friezes on its exterior are some of the most inspiring works of art ever produced. Monumental in scope and execution, they record Trajan’s two Dacian campaigns, from 101-3 and 104-6. All told, there are more than 2,500 individually sculpted figures distributed among more than 150 scenes. The emperor himself is represented no less than fifty times – not a surprise considering his penchant for commemorative architecture and his pride in having added Dacia to the provinces of the empire. “ Source: NAC”

Ex Michael Kelly Collection of Roman Silver Coins
4 commentspaul1888
altar1s.jpg
Constantine the Great, RIC VII 73 Siscia, 319 CE33 viewsObverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate helmet & cuirassed.
Reverse:VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP [ Joyous victory to the eternal
Prince] two Victories standing, facing one another, together holding shield
inscribed VOT PR [VOTA POPULI ROMANI (vows of the Roman people)]on altar.
gamma SIS dot in ex. RIC VII Siscia 73, 18.9 mm 2.6 g. rare
NORMAN K
rjb_car_3_05_06.jpg
12?59 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE antoninianus
Obv: IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG?
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev: COHR(T) PRAET
Four standards
London? mint
-/-//ML
RIC 12?
There look to be traces of ML in the exergue. If not then this is RIC 741
mauseus
Nero_As_RIC_306.jpg
6 Nero AE As28 viewsNERO
AE As
NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP, laureate head right / PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT S-C, the Temple of Janus, latticed window to l., garland hung across closed double doors on the right.
RIC 306, Sear5 #1974

On the rare occasions when Rome was not at war with a foreign enemy the doors of the 'Twin Janus' temple were ceremonially closed, an event which Nero commemorated extensively on the coinage of 65-67 A.D. -- David R. Sear, Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol 1
RI0042
Sosius
Nero_Prov_As.jpg
6 Nero AE As17 viewsNERO
AE As
Moesia or Balkan mint (Perinthus, Thrace?)

O: NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M, Laureate head right

R: S-C, Neptune standing left, holding dolphin and trident.

RPC I 1760; BMCRE 391 note, pl. 48, 11; WCN pg. 245, 1 var. (obverse legend); RIC: not listed but mentioned on pp. 186-187.

Fine/Good
RI0044
Sosius
clsud478.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, 268-270 CE.25 viewsBronze Antoninianus, Minister 478
Obverse: DIVO CLAUVDIO, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO, garlanded altar with flames above, no decoration on front. 16.7 mm., 1.8 g.
Note: Although a variation of this coin is in the RIC and Cohen, these sources generally refer to the type with a front divided into four sections (RIC 261). This type of garlanded altar, lit altar was not described and published until the discovery of the Minister Hoard, discovered after RIC was written.
NORMAN K
RI_064it_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - (451 var)111 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DEVC, Fortuna seated left holding rudder and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Ref:– BMC W Page 108 * var (citing Cohen 168 though Cohen 168 is PERT). RIC 451 var (451 listed for PERT and noted for PERET (RD)). RSC 168 var (PERTE for PERT)
maridvnvm
RI_064sv_obva.JPG
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - error - obv16 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I - I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICITAS TEMPOR, grain ear between crossed cornucopiae / VICTOR SEVER AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE 347 note/ BMCRE 399. RIC 347A/RIC 428. RSC 141b/RSC 749

The reverse of this coin has been struck with two diffrerent reverse dies during the strking process. The coin was originally struck, not removed and then struck again with a different reverse die.
maridvnvm
RI_064jg_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 45442 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP I - I, laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI VICT, Jupiter seated left, Victory in right hand, scepter in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 195
References:– BMCRE W431 note. RIC 454 (citing Cohen, rated Scarce). RSC 247 (Citing Copenhagen).

The Copenhagen coin would appear to be the source of all these references.
maridvnvm
Gordian_III_Ant_RIC_XXX.jpg
1 Gordian III11 viewsGordian III
AR Antoninianus, Antioch Mint

O: Radiate bust r.

R: FORTVNA REDVX. Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopiae

Very similar to RIC 210, but bust on this coin is not draped.
Sosius
Gordian_Sear_2523.jpg
1 Gordian III31 viewsGordian III
AE of Nicea

O: M ANT GORDIANOC AVG, Radiate, draped bust r.

R: N-I-K-A-I, EWN in ex.; Two standards surmounted by capricorns between two standards

Rec. Gen 711

Rare. According to Dane Kurtz's list, copies include this coin, plus: "Geoff Hintze's collection, another sold on ebay in June 2006 by del550 (DRG Coins, England), another sold on ebay in Dec. 2008 by biggyg2"

Sosius
63430q00.jpg
10 Vespasian and Titus29 viewsVespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Antioch, Syria

Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 113, McAlee 336, RPC II 1947, Wruck 86, aVF, Antioch mint, weight 13.89g, maximum diameter 24.3mm, die axis 0o, 70 - 71 A.D.; obverse ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑΤ ΚΑΙΣΑ ΟΥΕΣΠΑΣΙΑΝΟΥ, laureate bust right; reverse ETOYC Γ IEPOY (Holy Year 3), eagle standing left on club, wings spread, palm frond left; ex CNG auction 149, lot 286; ex Garth R. Drewry Collection, ex Harmer Rooke (26-28 March 1973), lot 488 (part of).

Struck to pay Titus' legions during and after the First Jewish Revolt. RPC notes c. 320 different dies indicate 6,500,000 Syrian tetradrachms might have been minted. This was the quantity Titus would have needed to pay his four legions. Hoard evidence finds many of these types in Judaea confirming they were used to pay the legions.

Purchased from FORVM!
RI0002
Sosius
rjb_car_101_02_05.jpg
101cf48 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
Antoninianus
Obv "[IMP CA]RAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "PAX AVG"
Pax standing left holding vertical sceptre
London mint
L/-//ML
RIC - (cf 101)
ML not visible on this coin but reverse die duplicate CNG eAuction 424, lot 527
mauseus
rjb_2011_07_06.jpg
101cf35 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “PAX AVG”
Pax standing left holding vertical sceptre
Early London or, more likely, irregular mint
-/-//WL
RIC - (cf101)
The mintmark is not in the exergue but at the start of the reverse legend. The "M" is inverted so it appears as "W" if one reads the mark correctly.
1 commentsmauseus
57314q00~0.jpg
15 Hadrian71 viewsHADRIAN
BI tetradrachm, Alexandria mint, 11.1g, 25.1mm
29 Aug 125 - 28 Aug 126 A.D.
ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ Α∆ΡΙΑ CΕΒ, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis, from behind / L ∆Ε KATOV (year 10), Canopus jar of Osiris, ornamented with figures, wearing crown of horns, uraei disk, and plumes
Kampmann-Ganschow 32.351; Geissen 903; Dattari 1326; Milne 1154; BMC Alexandria p. 75, 630; Emmett 827
Choice gVF
Purchased from FORVM

Note that at some point in this coin's history, it seems to have been used a host for very poor quality fakes. After discussion on the FORVM board, I am comfortable that this coin is indeed the original. Shame on the former owner that used it for copies!

During the mummification process, large organs, such as the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines were extracted and placed in four jars. In the Ptolemaic period, the Greeks called these jars "canopic jars," relating them to the deity of the old city Canop (now a village in Abu Kyr). The heart was left in the body because it held the spirit, understanding and senses and would be needed on the Day of Judgment in the underworld. -- FORVM
RI0073
3 commentsSosius
Hadrian_RIC_299.jpg
15 Hadrian Denarius - Travel Series28 viewsHADRIAN
AR “Travel Series” Denarius (2.8g); 136 AD.
HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, Laureate head right / AFRICA, Africa reclining left holding scorpion & cornucopiae, basket of grain at feet
Sear 3459 vars, RIC 299, RSC 138
Note: underweight, but appears genuine
RI0093
1 commentsSosius
Ant_Pius_Sester_RIC_906.jpg
17 Antoninus Pius26 viewsANTONINUS PIUS
AE Sestertius, 152-153 AD
ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVI, laureate head right / SALVS AVG COS IIII S-C, Salus standing feeding snake arising from altar.
RIC 906, Cohen 732, BMC 1925
This coin looks like someone hit it with brass polish (not me!) but I like how you can see the true color of the metal. It's also a hefty coin that's fun to hold.
RI0081
Sosius
Lucius_Verus_RIC_1290.jpg
19 Lucius Verus13 viewsLucius Verus
AE As, 161 AD
IMP CAES L AVREL VERVS AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA AVGVSTOR TR P COS II S-C, Verus and Marcus Aurelius clasping hands
RIC 1290, Sear5 #5408; aFine
One of my first "big" roman coins. Not pretty, but it was exciting to get and to attribute. I didn't even know who Lucius Verus was before I got the coin!
RI0099
Sosius
Commodus_Provincial_AE.jpg
20 Commodus Provincial14 viewsNot attributed yet
RI0083
Sosius
Caracalla_AE17_of_N_I.jpg
25 Caracalla11 viewsCaracalla
AE17 of Nikopolis ad Istrum.

Laureate head right / Bull grazing right, inscription begins below bull in exergue

Not in references VF
Sosius
Caracalla_AE23_Nicea.jpg
25 Caracalla AE 23 of Nicea9 viewsCaracalla
AE 23 of Nicea

Radiate bust right / Three standards

(not in catalogs with radiate bust)
Sosius
Geta_Mysia_Parium.jpg
26 Geta8 viewsGeta
AE of Mysia, Parium
198-209 A.D.

SEP GETAS CAI, bust r. / C G I H, PA in ex., colonist plowing

SNG AUL 1341(1), BMC 12 S106,110

This was my first Geta. Not pretty, but I sure did think it was at the time!
Sosius
Roman_Prov.jpg
26 Geta?21 viewsNever nailed this one down. It was discussed here:

http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=70693.msg443086#msg443086

From FORVM member Pscipio:
"Probably Geta as Caesar rather than Caracalla, cf. SNG Aulock 7165 for what looks like an obverse die match (different reverse type). Note that a similar left facing portrait also exists for Caracalla, but laureate, thus as Augustus: SNG Aulock 7162, which is clearly from the same hand and therefore probably belongs to the same emission.

The countermark appears to be Howgego 68."
Sosius
Decius_Babylon_103.jpg
3 Trajan Decius17 viewsTrajan Decius
AE20, Edessa, Mesopotamia

O: AVG DEKIC CEB. Radiate bust of Decius, R.

R: KOL EDICCA. Turreted bust of Cybele, l.

Babylon 103, BMC 168

Thanks to Helvetica for translating Babylon, without which I would not have been able to attribute this coin.
Sosius
Tacitus_Ant_Estiot_2228_not_in_RIC-sm.jpg
4 Tacitus45 viewsTacitus.
A.D. 275-276.
Æ antoninianus (22.6 mm, 3.62 g, 12 h). Siscia Mint
IMP C M CL TACITVS P AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, holding branch and transverse scepter; Q in right field. Estiot 2228; La Venera 2228-30; RIC temp 3651 (http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/3651).
gVF, silvered.
Ex Agora Auctions
Thanks for FORVM member Quadrans for his help attributing this coin!
1 commentsSosius
rjb_2014_07_04.jpg
435bis46 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Antoninianus
Obv: "IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: "VIRTVS AVG"
Emperor standing left holding globe and vertical sceptre
Colchester mint
S/P//C
RIC -
Another example of this reverse noted in the Ashmolean Museum collection
1 commentsmauseus
Constantine_RIC_131a.jpg
65 Constantine I21 viewsCONSTANTINE I
AE Follis, Ticinum Mint, 312/3 AD

O: CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust r.

R: SOLI INVI-C-TO COMITI, Sol st. r., looking left holding globe, P star T in ex.

RIC VI Ticinum 131a(var.)
Note: Mintmark of P star T is not recorded in RIC. RIC lists as PT.

Former cufflink coin

EF
Sosius
rjb_car_secvrit_07_07.jpg
674cf43 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C M A CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "SECVRITA[S PERP]"
Securitas stg left leaning on a short column
"Continental" mint
RIC - (cf 674ff)
This is a very odd coin. It is of the style that RIC calls "Continental" but not Rouen (702-5), although the reverse type is one of Rouen. It is also noteworthy for the obverse nomenclature M A CARAVSIVS.
mauseus
rjb_2014_11_02.jpg
68236 viewsDenarius
Rome
Issue 9
ORIENS AVG
G 682 var
Whilst this is typologically 682 the obverse legend/bust type isn't noted in MIR
1 commentsmauseus
Gallienus_Cohen_1322.jpg
7 Gallienus15 viewsGALLIENUS
AE Antoninianus, Rome Mint
261-262 AD

O: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate bust r.

R: VIRTVS AVGVSTI, Mars standing l., holding olive branch and vertical spear, r. foot on helmet, X in l. field
Cunetio hoard 1278, Normanby hoard 264, Minster hoard 58,
Appleshaw hoard 68,
Göbl 0636a;
Lavilledieu hoard 53 & 54.
Cohen 1322
not in RIC

EF, worn reverse die
Sosius
Gallienus_Perga~0.jpg
7 Gallienus30 viewsGALLIENUS
Æ 10 Assaria of Pamphylia, Perge/Perga, 253-268. AD

Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; I (mark of value) before / Zeus seated left, holding phiale and scepter; eagle at feet to left.

SNG France -; SNG Copenhagen -; SNG von Aulock -. VF

Not in references, but identical coin sold in CNG 217, Lot 283
Sosius
rjb_laur_pax.jpg
719cf46 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Laureate
Obv: "IMP C..........."
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: "PAX AVG"
Pax standing left with vertical sceptre
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 719 for AR)
Ex Blackmoor hoard but not separately identified in CHRB III
mauseus
_arles_RIC_VII_347_2.jpg
73 Constantius II, Arles RIC VII 342v (added to wildwinds)19 viewsConstantius II
AE18, 2.2g, Arles. 330-348 AD.

FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields, standing left and right of two standards with thin poles and small badges. Star between standards. Mintmark SCONST.

RIC VII Arles 347v. Sear (2014) 17676 EF, irregular flan

Note: Coin unique due to star placement. Added to Wildwinds in May 2011
Sosius
Avitus__AE4.jpg
90 Avitus?55 viewsAVITUS?
AE4/5, Rome mint

O: DN AVIT-VS PF AVG, bust right

R: VICTOR-IA AVGG, Victory standing, left, holding wreath and palm branch, RM in ex., S in left field

RIC X 2412 or 2413, R5. Sear (2014) 21581 or 21582 (extremely rare)

Like many late Roman coins, this could be a barbarous issue, but it has many of the features of genuine Avitus coins. Still not enough detail or legends to remove the question mark after Avitus, though!
Sosius
piussow~0.jpg
Antoninus Pius As Sow suckling young590 viewsAntoninus Pius Æ As. 143-144 AD. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right / IMPERATOR II S-C, Sow seated right under helm-oak, suckling four young, another before, SC in ex. RIC 733, Cohen 450, BMC 1624 ancientone
Baktria,_Diodotos_I,_AR_tetradrachm_-_Holt_A6_4_(this_coin)~0.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Diodotos I, ca. 255/250-240 BC, AR Tetradrachm 27 viewsDiademed head of Diodotos I right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY Zeus advancing left hurling thunderbolt, eagle at feet, ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta, Sampi) monogram in inner left field.

Holt A6.4 (this coin); Kritt A6 (plate 2 A6 this coin); CSE 1294 (this coin); SNG Lockett 3109 (this coin ID: SNGuk_0300_3109); Pozzi 2945 (this coin); ESM 717α (this coin); SNG ANS 77; SC 631.a; Bopearachchi 2E; Mitchiner 64d; Qunduz 6; HGC 9, 243.
Mint "A" - Ai Khanoum

(26 mm, 15.73 g, 6h).
Herakles Numismatics; ex- Houghton Collection (CSE 1294); ex- Lockett Collection (SNGLockett 3109); ex- Pozzi Collection: Naville Sale I (1921) 2945 (sold for CHF 35).

This coin has a very distinguished provenance and has been published as plate coin in four reference works.

The emission with the ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta Sampi) mint control mark is the most abundant of the Diodotid issues, representing about 13% of known Diodotid precious metal coins. The same control carries over into the early coinage of Euthydemos, although eventually displaced by the PK control monogram after 208/6 BC when Antiochos III captured Ai Khanoum while Euthydemos remained besieged at Baktra, after which it appears that Baktra/Balkh assumed the role of primary royal mint in Baktria. In is notable that the Archaic Greek letter Sampi forms the bottom of the ΙΔΤ monogram. It is an Archaic Greek form of a double Sigma that persisted in Greek dialects of Asia Minor. Many Greek settlers from Asia Minor migrated to Baktria, including the illustrious ruler Euthydemos from Magnesia in either Lydia, or Ionia. The archaic Greek Sampi possibly traveled to Baktria with the earliest Greek settlers from Asia Minor.
n.igma
T1118LG.jpg
C POBLICIUS Q F. 80 BC90 viewsHelmeted bust of Roma right / Hercules strangling the Nemean lion; bow and quiver at left; club below. Cr. 380/1.

POBLICIA, a plebian family, but of consular rank. Its cognomen on coins is Malleolus. There are fifteen varieties, all of silver, on some of which a small hammer or mallett is engraved, evidently alluding to the surname Malleolus.

The first of Heracles' twelve labours, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin) was to slay the Nemean lion.

According to one version of the myth, the Nemean lion took women as hostages to its lair in a cave near Nemea, luring warriors from nearby towns to save the damsel in distress. After entering the cave, the warrior would see the woman (usually feigning injury) and rush to her side. Once he was close, the woman would turn into a lion and kill the warrior, devouring his remains and giving the bones to Hades.

Heracles wandered the area until he came to the town of Cleonae. There he met a boy who said that if Heracles slew the Nemean lion and returned alive within 30 days, the town would sacrifice a lion to Zeus; but if he did not return within 30 days or he died, the boy would sacrifice himself to Zeus.[3] Another version claims that he met Molorchos, a shepherd who had lost his son to the lion, saying that if he came back within 30 days, a ram would be sacrificed to Zeus. If he did not return within 30 days, it would be sacrificed to the dead Heracles as a mourning offering.

While searching for the lion, Heracles fetched some arrows to use against it, not knowing that its golden fur was impenetrable; when he found and shot the lion and firing at it with his bow, he discovered the fur's protective property when the arrow bounced harmlessly off the creature's thigh. After some time, Heracles made the lion return to his cave. The cave had two entrances, one of which Heracles blocked; he then entered the other. In those dark and close quarters, Heracles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. Others say that he shot arrows at it, eventually shooting it in the unarmoured mouth.

After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. He then tried sharpening the knife with a stone and even tried with the stone itself. Finally, Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told Heracles to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.

When he returned on the thirtieth day carrying the carcass of the lion on his shoulders, King Eurystheus was amazed and terrified. Eurystheus forbade him ever again to enter the city; in future he was to display the fruits of his labours outside the city gates. Eurystheus warned him that the tasks set for him would become increasingly difficult. He then sent Heracles off to complete his next quest, which was to destroy the Lernaean hydra.

The Nemean lion's coat was impervious to the elements and all but the most powerful weapons. Others say that Heracles' armour was, in fact, the hide of the lion of Cithaeron.
ecoli
vrbs1s.jpg
City Commemorative, RIC VII 187 Thessalonica, AE 324 viewsObverse:VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma wearing imperial cloak. Plume on front of helmet.
Reverse:She-wolf standing left, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus, O on wolf's shoulder, 2 stars above.
Mintmark SMTS epsilon, 16.1 mm., 2.5 g.
Ref: RIC VII Thessalonica 187

Notes: This variation with O on wolf's shoulder
NORMAN K
dcl.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, 268-270 CE.20 viewsBronze Antoninianus, Minister 478
Obverse: DIVO CLAUVDIO, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO, garlanded altar with flames above, no decoration on front. 16.7 mm., 1.8 g.
Note: Although a variation of this coin is in the RIC and Cohen, these sources generally refer to the type with a front divided into four sections (RIC 261). This type of garlanded altar, lit altar was not described and published until the discovery of the Minister Hoard, discovered after RIC was written.
NORMAN K
crcg.jpg
Crispus RIC VII 69 Thessalonica, 319 CE30 viewsObverse: IVL CRIS-PVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VIRT EXERC, Sol raising right hand and holding globe in left, standing in center of plan of roman camp.
TS dot E dot in ex. Thessalonica mint
19.53mm., 2.2g. rare
The true meaning of this reverse type has never been fully deciphered. The latest theory being the X shaped pattern represents Constantine's vision before the battle of Milvainbridge. This does not seem likely since the type is known on coins of Licinius a pagan and Constantine's enemy
sold 4-2018

NORMAN K
Gordian-III-RIC-177-87.jpg
Gordian III / RIC 177 over 187, 1'st series.31 viewsAntoninianus, 238-239 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG / Radiate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: AEQVIT LIBER / Body and feet of Aequitas holding scales; Body and feet of Libertas holding pileus (Liberty cap) .
5.00 gm, 22 mm.
RIC #177 over #187.

This coin has two different reverses: the Aequitas type (RIC #177) is overstruck at 180 degree rotation on top of the Libertas type (RIC #187). Or, perhaps it is the other way around: The Libertas type (RIC #187) is overstruck on top of the Aequitas type (RIC #177).

The T of AEQVITAS AVG is almost flattened out and is just barely visible. At Antioch, Libertas with the pileus always has the legend LIBERALITAS AVG rather than LIBERTAS AVG.

There is a footnote to RIC #231 (vol. IV, part III, p. 39) which is quite intriguing:

"231. A strange Antoninianus (G. B. Pears Coll.) shows rev. type of AEQVIT[AS] apparently overstruck with type of LIBER[TAS] -- obv. of Gordian III, rev. of Philip overstruck with rev. of Trebonianus Gallus (?)."

I posted this coin on Forvmancientcoins.com and got this reply from Curtis Clay:

"A neat example of this error, and one I hadn't been aware of before, despite its mention in the RIC footnote!
As you expected, you now own the coin formerly in the Pears collection: we know because there is a plaster cast of it so labeled in the BM, which is illustrated in Roger Bland's dissertation, pl. 10, 18/21 !
One of the reverse types is Libertas with cap, but its legend must have been LIBERALITAS not LIBERTAS AVG: the Eastern mint always mislabeled its Libertas type as Liberalitas. RIC made the same mistake regarding the reverse legend; corrected by Bland, who lists the coin under the type LIBERALITAS AVG.
I had never heard of G. B. Pears or his collection before, so can supply no information in that regard."
Callimachus
Dyrrhachion_Dracma.jpg
ILIRIA - DIRRAQUIO/EPIDAMNOS20 viewsAR dracma 18X16 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: "MENIΣ [KOΣ ]" (Nombre de la Autoridad Monetaria que la acuña), sobre una Vaca a der. mirando a su ternero que se amanta a izq.
Rev: "AYP / ΔIO / [NY] / [ΣIOY]" – Doble Forma estrellada, dividida por dos líneas y rodeada por una doble línea formando un contorno cuadrado.
Los diseños del reverso de Korkyra así como de sus colonias, Apollonia (Apolonia) y Dyrrhachion (Dirraquio), han sido objeto de mucha especulación numismática. Eckhel (Doctrina numorum veterum [Vienna, 1792/3], II:155) aceptó la opinión de Laurentius Beger (Observationes Et Conjecturae In Numismata Quaedam Antiqua [Brandenburg, 1691]), que argumentó que el diseño del reverso representa el jardín de Alkinoos, el mítico rey de Phaiakia, descrito en detalle por el poeta Homero (Od. 7.112-133). Basado en el supuesto de que mítica Phaiakia era la isla de la antigua Korkyra (mod. Corfú), y sabiendo que Korkyrans colonizaron tanto Apollonia y Dyrrhachion, Beger (ya través de él, Eckhel) concluyeron que los elementos centrales eran flores y que el diseño general debe representar tanto el diseño del jardín, o las puertas que conducen a ella. Más tarde, la mayoría de los numismáticos, como Böckh, Müller, Friedlander, y von Sallet, argumentaron que los elementos centrales del diseño eran más como la estrella, mientras que Gardner favoreciendo una interpretación floral, aunque sea como una referencia a Apolo Aristaios o Nomios, no el jardín de ALKINOOS. Más recientemente, Nicolet-Pierre volvió a examinar la cuestión del diseño del reverso en su artículo sobre la moneda arcaica de Korkyra ("À props du monnayage archaïque de Corcyre," SNR 88 [2009], pp. 2-3) y ofreció una nueva interpretación. Tomando nota de un pasaje de Tucídides (3.70.4) en la que ese autor citó la existencia en la isla de un recinto sagrado (temenos) dedicado a Zeus y ALKINOOS, sugirió que el diseño del reverso podría haber sido inspirada por esto, y no en el jardín de ALKINOOS que detalla Homero.

Acuñación: 200 - 30 A.C.
Ceca: Dyrrhachion - Illyria (Hoy Durré en Albania)

Referencias: Sear GCTV Vol.I #1900 var Pag.187 – BMC Vol.7 #62-64 Pag.69 – SNG Copenhagen #467 - Maier #201 - Ceka #320
mdelvalle
DSC01795.JPG
INDIA-Panchala-Kingdom-HALF-Karshapana-INDIRAMITRA-RARE-COIN-4-42gm 15 viewsObverse Lord Indra standing on a pedestal
Reverse Three Panchala symbols in a row, with name below in Brahmi script: Indramitrasa
Date c. 1st century BCE - 1st century CE (highly uncertain)
Weight 4.78 gm.
Diameter 16 mm.
Die axis 5 o'clock
Reference MAC 4539, Shrimali Type A
Comments The Panchala series is one of the most interesting of the ancient India coin series, because it is quite long and the kings are named on them. Unfortunately, we know very little about the chronology. The order of kings is not known and even the dates of the series are still debated. It appears the series belongs in the post-Mauryan period, but further details are still unavailable.

You can see a catalog of Panchala coins on the CoinIndia website.
Antonivs Protti
DSC01834.JPG
INDIA-Panchala-Kingdom-HALF-Karshapana-INDIRAMITRA-RARE-COIN-4-6gm 13 viewsObverse Lord Indra standing on a pedestal
Reverse Three Panchala symbols in a row, with name below in Brahmi script: Indramitrasa
Date c. 1st century BCE - 1st century CE (highly uncertain)
Weight 4.78 gm.
Diameter 16 mm.
Die axis 5 o'clock
Reference MAC 4539, Shrimali Type A
Comments The Panchala series is one of the most interesting of the ancient India coin series, because it is quite long and the kings are named on them. Unfortunately, we know very little about the chronology. The order of kings is not known and even the dates of the series are still debated. It appears the series belongs in the post-Mauryan period, but further details are still unavailable.

You can see a catalog of Panchala coins on the CoinIndia website.
Antonivs Protti
alexanderIIIobol2.jpg
Kingdom of Macedon, Alexander the Great, 336-323 BC, AR obol.19 viewsKingdom of Macedon, Alexander the Great, 336-323 BC, AR obol.
Struck c. 336-323 BC, Head of Hecrules right, wearing
lion skin, knotted at base of neck. / Zeus, nude to waist, seated
left on ornate throne, holding eagle and scepter within dotted circle.
CANTANATRIX
sear1966clipped.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196666 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.


During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Antvwala
wileyc
0191-a00.JPG
Plautilla, overview295 viewsThere are five main types of portrait for Plautilla’s denarii at the Rome mint :

A - With a draped bust right, hair coiled in horizontal ridges and fastened in bun in high position. Her facial expression is juvenile
B - Hair being coiled in vertical ridges, with bun in low position. Plautilla looks here more like a young beautiful woman
C - The third bust shows a thinner face of Plautilla with hair in vertical ridges and no bun but braids covering her neck
D - The fourth type has a similar appearance with the former, but the vertical ridges disappear, hair being plastered down, still showing the right ear
E - Plautilla appears with mid long hair plastered down and covering her ears

In the mean time there are seven different reverses :

1 - CONCORDIAE AETERNAE
2 - PROPAGO IMPERI
3 - CONCORDIA AVGG
4 - CONCORDIA FELIX
5 - PIETAS AVGG
6 – DIANA LVCIFERA

Not every combination exists, but some of the above reverses can be shared by several obverse portraits. Noticeable also is an evolution of the obverse legend, being PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE (a) in 202, and becoming PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA (b) soon after

You can see the evolution of this interesting coinage in my Plautilla's gallery.
3 commentsPotator II
KAFFA_PUL_cm.jpg
Pul with Kaffa c/m5 views
CRIMEA, GOLDEN HORDE, (with Genoese countermark)

Anonymous AE - Pul

Obverse: uncertain Ornament, Kaffa Genoese trading colony; Circular countermark arms of Genoa with partitioned portal, within circular frame of dots.

Reverse: uncertain Ornament

Mint: Uncertain (Bulghar?)

Minted: 14th Century (?) cm - 1420 - 1475

Notes: Fair/Fair(c/m a/VF), Crude

Ref: Retowski, Coins with Genoese Countermarks 2


jimbomar
santo_domingo.jpg
Santo Domingo 4 Maravedis 1542-155622 views Obv. Two crowned pillars, S on left, P on right
Rev. Stylized Y, assayer mark F on left, IIII on right


First copper coin for the Americas and first copper type minted in the New world. After a small shipment of these stuck in Burgos did not satisfy the need for its denomination type they were then minted in Santo Domingo of the New World.
Skyler
ThoriusBalbus.jpg
#L. Thorius Balbus. 105 BC. AR Denarius32 viewsRome mint. ISMR behind, head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin headdress / L THORIVS below, BALBVS in exergue, bull charging right.

"The obverse refers to the the cult of Juno Sospita at Lanuvium, the moneyer's birthplace. The reverse is likely a play on the moneyer's name (Taurus sounds like Thorius). Cicero described L. Thorius Balbus as a man who lived in such a manner that there was not a single pleasure, however refined or rare, that he did not enjoy. This is one of the most common republican denarii." -- Roman Silver Coins edited by David Sear and Robert Loosley
ancientone
003~1.jpg
Γ in rectangular punch298 viewsLYDIA. Thyatira. Elagabalus. Æ 26. A.D. 218-222. Obv: AVTKMAAN-TΩNEINOC. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on lower part of bust. Rev: (ΘVA)TEIP-HNΩN. Tyche standing left, holding cornucopia and rudder. Ref: BMC -; cf. Sear 3072 (same obv. die). Axis: 165°. Weight: 7.92 g. CM: Γ in rectangular punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 772, 774 or 777 (?). Note: The coin is light for 772, has greater greater diamater than 774 and is not as late as 777. Collection Automan.
Automan
171.jpg
Δ and KA (monogram of)295 viewsCILICIA. Seleuceia ad Calycadnum. Severus Alexander. Æ 28. A.D. 222-235. Obv: AV▪K▪M▪AVP▪CEOVHPAΛEZA-NΔPO. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks: (1) on chest, (2) partly under (1). Rev: CEΛE(-YKEΩN)KAΛY-KA-ΔNΩ. Tyche of Seleuceia seated left on rock in distyle shrine, holding grains; river-god Calycadnus swimming left below. Ref: BMC -; SNG Levante Supp. 196 (same obv. die, var. rev. leg.). Axis: 195°. Weight: 9.91 g. CM(1): Δ containing dot, in triangular punch, 6 x 5 mm. Howgego 670 (206 pcs). Note: Not likely to be a denominational countermark. CM(2): Monogram of K and A, in shaped punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 618 (52 pcs). Note: The countermark likely refers to Calycadnum. Collection Automan.Automan
092n.jpg
Δ and NIKO308 viewsMOESIA INFERIOR. Nikopolis ad Istrum. Septimius Severus. Æ 27. A.D. 193-211. Obv: (VK)ΛCEΠ•-CEVHPOC (...) or similar. Laureate bust right; countermark (1) on shoulder. Rev: VΠAVP•ΓAΛΛOV•NIKOΠOΛITΠPOCIC. River-god reclining left, leaning against urn (?), holding branch in right hand; Countermark (2) to left. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 60°. Weight: 11.68 g. CM(1): Δ, incuse punch, 7 x 6 mm. Howgego 782 (3 pcs). CM(2): NIKO, incuse, 14 x 5 mm. Howgego 553 (3 pcs, 2 of which on reverse). Note: All coins that have the Δ c/m apparently also bear the NIKO c/m and vice-versa, so they must have been applied at the same time. Collection Automan.Automan
005n.jpg
Δ and Six-pointed star291 viewsCILICIA. Ninica-Claudiopolis. Maximinus I. Æ 28. A.D. 235-238. Obv: IMPCSIVLVERMAXIMINVS. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks: (1) before face, (2) on bust. Rev: NIN-C-CLAV. Colonist ploughing behind two oxen, in background vexillum. Ref: BMC 8. Axis: 360°. Weight: 9.86 g. CM (1): Δ containing dot, all within circle; circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 669 (49 pcs). Not likely to be a denominational countermark. CM (2): Six-pointed star, incuse, 6 mm from point to point. Howgego 451 (45 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
006n.jpg
Δ containing dot270 viewsCILICIA. Seleuceia ad Calycadnum. Gordian III. Æ 33. A.D. 238-244. Obv: (ANTΩNI)OC-(ΓΩPΔIAN)OC, (C)EBA. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on neck. Rev: CELEUKEΩ-N-(TΩΠPOCTΩK)-AΛV-KAΔ-NΩ. Athena standing left, holding Nike in right hand and resting left hand on shield, behind which rises a spear. Ref: BMC 37. Axis: 180°. Weight: 19.13 g. CM: Δ containing dot, in triangular punch, c. 6 x 5 mm. Howgego 670 (206 pcs). Note: Not likely to be a denominational countermark. Collection Automan. Automan
007n.jpg
Δ in circular punch240 viewsARABIA PETRAEA. Petra. Septimius Severus. Æ 22. A.D. 193-211. Obv: (…)-CEOYHPON(…). Laureate head right; countermark on shoulder. Rev: (…)-MHTPOΠ(…). Tyche seated left on rock, holding trophy in right hand and stele in extended left hand (?). Ref: Spijkerman 28v; BMC -. Axis: 360°. Weight: 7.24 g. CM: Δ in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 801 (19 pcs). Note: May bave been countermarked during reign of Elagabalus, although this is uncertain since the coins of Elagabalus were too small to be countermarked Δ, and no coins were issued after his reign. Collection Automan.Automan
008n.jpg
Δ in circular punch279 viewsIONIA. Smyrna. Civic. Æ 20. Time of Gordian to Valerian. Obv: .IEPACVNKΛHTOC. Laureate and draped bust of the Roman Senate right, countermark on bust. Rev: CMVPΓNE-ΩKOPΩN. Figure of Tyche holding rudder and cornucopia, inside tetrastyle temple. Ref: Ex. Lindgren II:556; BMC 233. Axis: 180°. Weight: 4.95 g. CM: Δ in circular punch, 5.5 mm. Howgego 791 (34 pcs). Note: The countermark was probably not applied before the time of the joint reign of Valerian and Gallienus. Collection Automan.Automan
047n.jpg
Δ in circular punch274 viewsBITHYNIA. Tium. Civic. Æ 24. First half of 3rd century A.D. Obv: .TE-IOC. Diademed and draped bust of Teos right; countermark on neck. Rev: TIAN-ΩN. Dionysus standing facing, head left, emptying contents of cantharus, holding thyrsus. Ref: BMC -; SNG von Aulock 928ff (obverse).Axis: 30°. Weight: 5.72 g. CM: Δ in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 789 (34 pcs). Note: The latest coin bearing this countermark was issued for Hostilian. Collection Automan.Automan
102n.jpg
Δ in circular punch261 viewsUncertain mint, likely of Balkan origin. Septimius Severus. Æ 28 (4 Assaria?). A.D. 193-211. Obv: (...)CE(...). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark behind head. Rev: Inscription largely obliterated, N (?) in exurge. Artemis (?) running right. Axis: 225°. Weight: 13.09 g. CM: Δ in circular punch. Howgego 781, 783, 784 (?). Note: Δ countermarks have recently been found on many coins of the region, indicating that the coins in question are valued at 4 assaria. Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
107.jpg
Δ in circular punch219 viewsMACEDON (?). Thessalonica (?). Augustus. Æ 22. 27 B.C.- A.D. 14. Obv: KAIΣAP-(ΣEBAΣTOΣ) or similar. Laureate head right; countermark before chin. Rev: Inscription obliterated. City ethnic in wreath. Weight: 9.25 g. CM: Δ in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 706 (1 pc). Note: Howgego lists only one (!) coin of the period, where the countermark may be a Δ. That coin was struck for Octavian in Thessalonica, dated to 28/27 B.C. It is listed as "not verified" and the countermark described as A or Δ. In regard to [107], the countermark is very clearly Δ! Collection Automan.Automan
168.jpg
Δ, 6-pointed star and Nike188 viewsCILICIA. Ninica-Claudiopolis. Maximinus I. Æ 28. A.D. 235-238. Obv: (...MA)XIMINVΓP(A)UTΛ or similar. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 4 countermarks: (1) before face, (2) on shoulder; (3) before chest, (4) behind neck. Rev: (C)-OLN-(I)NI-CLAUΔ. Colonist ploughing behind two oxen, in background vexillum, star before colonist. Ref: BMC 8 (var. obv. leg.). Axis: 210°. Weight: 10.70 g. CM(1): Six-pointed star, incuse, 6 mm from point to point. Howgego 451 (45 pcs). CM(2): Δ containing dot, all within circle; circular punch, 6 mm. . Howgego 669 (49 pcs). Note: Not likely to be a denominational countermark. CM(3-4): Nike right, in oval punch, c. 5 x 8 mm (not certain!). Howgego 262 (34 pcs). Note:The sequence of application appears to have been (1) Δ in circle (669), (2) six-pointed star (451), and (3) Nike (262). Collection Automan.Automan
013n~0.jpg
Δ, six-pointed star, eagle and Nike (6 cmks!)203 viewsCILICIA. Ninica-Claudiopolis. Maximinus I. Æ 27. A.D. 235-238. Obv: OIMPCSIVLVERMAXIMINVS. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 6 countermarks: (1) to right, before bust, (2) on lower part of bust, (3) on neck, (4) behind and on back of head, (5) on upper part of head, (6) before head. Rev: NINIC-OL-CLA-UΔI, OPOLI in ex. Tetrastyle temple containing emperor, standing left, holding patera and spear. Ref: BMC 10; Sear GIC 3548 (same dies). Axis: 360°. Weight: 9.12 g. CM(1): Δ containing dot, all within circle; circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 669 (49 pcs). Note: Not likely to be a denominational countermark. CM(2): Six-pointed star, incuse, 6 mm from point to point. Howgego 451 (45 pcs). CM(3): Eagle standing right with head left, in shaped punch, c. 4 x 7 mm. Howgego 338 (11 pcs). CM(4): Nike right, in oval punch, c. 5 x 8 mm. Howgego 262 (34 pcs). CM(5): Similar to CM(4). CM(6): Similar to CM(4). Note: The sequence of application appears to have been 669-451-262-338. Automan
w0143.jpg
ΔAK237 viewsSyria-Coele, Leucas ad Chrysoroas, Balanea Leucas. Trajan 103 A.D. (Year 55). AE-21 mm, 7.67 grs. AV: AU KAI NER - TRAIANOC, Laur. head to right, within dotted border, Rectangular CM: ΔAK, Howgego 529 (43 pcs). RV: [LEU]KAD[EwN], Emperor with szepter in quadriga to right, in the field: EN (Year 55), within dotted border. Note: The CM (ΔAK) refers to Trajan's title "Dacicus". Interestingly, the title is already present on the coin. It has therefore been suggested by H.Seyrig that its application was a means for raising money for a gift for the emperor. Collection: Mueller.Automan
199.jpg
ΔAK in rectangular punch178 viewsSYRIA: COELE SYRIA. Leucas. Trajan. Æ 22. A.D. 102/103 (year 55). Obv: (AY)KAINEP-TRAIA(NOCΔAK...) or similar. Laureate head right; countermark before. Rev: (ΛEYKAΔIWN)-KΛAYΔIEWN, EN in field. Emperor, holding sceptre, in quadriga galloping right. Ref: BMC 3; Sear GIC 1082. Axis: 30°. Weight: 9.16 g. CM: ΔAK in rectangular punch, 6 x 3 mm. Howgego 529 (43 pcs). Note: Interestingly, the title Dacicus is already part of the inscription of the coin. Collection Automan.Automan
125.jpg
ΘEC189 viewsMACEDON. Thessalonica. Nero. Æ 27. A.D. 54-68. Obv: KAICAP-NEPWN. Bare head left; countermark on head. Rev: ΘECCA-ΛONIKH. Nike standing left on globe, holding wreath in extended right hand, palm branches in left hand. Ref: BMC -; RPC 1593 (2 pcs). Axis: 15°. Weight: 22.04 g. CM: ΘEC in rectangular punch, 7 x 3 mm. Howgego 537 (7 pcs). Howgego notes that the countermark was probably applied in A.D. 68/69, sanctioning coins of Nero. Collection Automan.Automan
126.jpg
ΘEC in rectangular punch180 viewsMACEDON. Thessalonica. Nero. Æ 23. A.D. 54-68. Obv: NE(PΩNC)EBAΣΣ-TOΣKAIΣAP (sic.). Bare head left; countermark across neck. Rev: ΘECCAΛ-ONIKH-ΩN in three lines in oak-wreath, eagle at top. Ref: BMC -; RPC 1603 (5 pcs); Axis: 180°. Weight: 7.36 g. Note: The name and face of Nero have been erased (damnatio). CM: ΘEC in rectangular punch, 7 x 3 mm. Howgego 537 (7 pcs). Note: Howgego notes that the countermark was probably applied in A.D. 68/69, sanctioning coins of Nero. He also notes that the application of the countermark was not directly connected with the erasure of the name and face of Nero, since this was done to only one of the seven specimens he identified. Collection Automan.Automan
026n.jpg
ΘY (monogram of)208 viewsLYDIA. Thyatira. Severus Alexander. Æ 20. A.D. 222-235. Obv: AΛEΞ(A)N-ΔPOC. Laureate bust right; countermark on head. Rev: ΘVAT-E-IPHN. Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia. Ref: BMC -; SNG von Aulock -; SNG Cop -; Lindgren -.Axis: 180°. Weight: 3.76 g. CM: Monogram of Θ and Y, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 617 (11 pcs). Note: Undoubtedly the countermark refers to the city of Thyatira where the host coin was issued. Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
108.jpg
ΘY (monogram of)202 viewsLYDIA. Thyatira. Elagabalus. Æ 26. A.D. 218-222. Obv: AVTKMAAN-TΩNEINOC. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on lower part of bust. Rev: (ΘVAT-E-I-)PHNΩN. Athena seated left, holding palladium in right extended arm, resting left arm on spear, wheel-like shield resing against throne. Ref: BMC 114. Axis: 180°. Weight: 7.60 g. Note: Same obverse die as Sear (GIC) 3072. CM: Monogram of Θ and Y, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 617 (11 pcs). Note: Undoubtedly the countermark refers to the city of Thyatira where the host coin was issued. Collection Automan.Automan
101n.jpg
Λ (or possibly Δ)199 viewsCILICIA. Adana (?). Elagabalus. Æ 34. A.D. 218-222. Obv: AVKMAVPANTΩNEINOCCEΓ (or similar), Π-Π on either side of portrait. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on head. Rev: AΔAN-EΩN (?). Zeus seated left on throne, holding staff in left hand and patera right hand, right arm extended. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 165°. Weight: 22.31 g. CM: Λ (or possibly Δ) in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego -. Note: Deeply recessed countermark. Collection Automan.Automan
042n.jpg
ΛΓΓ179 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Gabala. Caracalla. Æ 22. A.D. 198-217. Obv: (AVKMAANTΩNEINOC) or similar. Laureate bust right; countermark across shoulder. Rev: Γ(ABAΛEΩ)N. Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia. Ref: BMC –Axis: 180°. Weight: 7.53 g. CM: ΛΓΓ in rectangular punch, 7.5 x 4 mm. Howgego 551 (5 pcs). Note: Howgego describes the countermark as either ΛΠ or ΛΓI, while this specimen reads ΛΓΓ. Collection Automan.Automan
00017x00~1.jpg
37 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (14mm, 2.62 g)
Fly, seen from above
Blank
Stannard, Evidence 26-7 = Stannard, Parallels 99-100; Minturnae 34-5

Found in Southern Spain

This type is found both in Baetica and in central Italy, at Minturnae, demonstrating the close economic ties between the two areas. Stannard notes numerous parallels in the lead tokens and unofficial bronze coinage in the two areas. He also sees a stylistic difference between issues of the two regions, but I have not personally seen enough specimens from both regions to say.
Ardatirion
00073x00.jpg
27 viewsSPAIN, Oducia
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.95 g)
MF/OD within wreath (Municipium Flavium Oducensis)
Blank
Cf. Casariego, Cores, & Pliego 14b

The municipia Flavia were a series of small towns founded as part of Vespasian's reconstruction of Spain. These settlements are notable in that the civic laws are preserved in stone for many of the settlements.
Ardatirion
00022x00~1.jpg
30 viewsROME. M. Arrius Vestinus.
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.08 g, 12 h)
Amphora; grain ear to right
M · AR/ VES
Rostovtsev p. 140, note = Ficorini II, pl. XVII, 10

Ex Agora 34 (9 June 2015), lot 149
1 commentsArdatirion
00012x00~1.jpg
15 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.24 g, 12h)
Bacchus standing right, holding thrysus; panther to right(?)
AVG
Cf. Rostovtsev 92 (smaller)

The obverse might alternately depict Diana with a stag, but she is not generally shown holding a staff.
Ardatirion
00011x00~0.jpg
21 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 6.63 g, 12h)
Griffin standing right, raising front paw
LST
Rostovtsev –

Remarkably, Rostovtsev does not record any tesserae with a griffin.
1 commentsArdatirion
00006x00~2.jpg
14 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 5.35 g, 12h)
Draped bust of Hercules left, wearing lion's skin and holding club over shoulder, with hair and beard in Antonine-Severan style
The Dioscuri standing facing one another, each holding spear and bridle of horse
Rostovtsev 2085; Rostovtsev & Prou 377

Rostovtsev suggests that the obverse may depict Caracalla. This interpretation is somewhat plausible, but unlikely, considering the additional object on the obverse, and the bare head of the figure.
Ardatirion
00004x00~4.jpg
31 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.00 g)
Horse running left; palm below
ЄVC (Eustolos)
Rostovtsev 819; Rostovtsev & Prou 517; Munich 177; BM 1612-3; Kircheriano 1573-6; Toynbee, “Beasts and Their Names in the Roman Empire,” pl. VI, fig 18

Ex Artcoins Roma 23 (17 February 2015), lot 583

The reverse appears to bear the name of the horse, Eustolos, “the Ready.” Toynbee records 417 horse names, far more than any other beast, noting only a few dozen names for dogs, mules, bears, and other animals.
Ardatirion
tessera1.JPG
53 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.06 g, 12 h)
Isis standing left, holding sistrum and situla
IVE/NES
Rostovtsev -


The iuvenes were Roman educational organizations roughly analagous to modern American colleges. Mohler1 argues that, while their athletic program undoubtedly focused on parade and various other activities that relate to war, the group focused equally on education and athletics, rather than as a pseudo-military training program. Inscriptions survive in some theaters and arenas that note reserved seats for iuvenes, leading some to identify these pieces as entrance tickets. I feel they were more likely distributed at the various parades and processions for which the organizations were famous.

The iuvenes tokens are related to those of the sodales, composed of individuals not a part of the organization (younger or older men and women) who still actively supported it.

1. Mohler, S. L. (1937). The Iuvenes and Roman Education. Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Society, 68, 442–479.
Ardatirion
Y04282.jpg
25 viewsROME
PB Tessera (12mm, 2.26 g, 6h)
Mercury advancing right, holding bag and caduceus
PR/OG
Rostovtzev -

The small, round fabric of this issue is not usual for an issue from Rome. Additionally, the attribution of the obverse figure as Mercury is uncertain. Though he appears to bear the bag and caduceus, the figure is in a pose more traditionally held by Eros.
1 commentsArdatirion
00017x00~3.jpg
10 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.60 g, 2h)
Silvanus standing left, holding scythe and branch
Bear(?) advancing right
Rostowzew – (but cf. 2982 for an example with a bear)

Ex RBW Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 376, 15 June 2016), lot 770 (part of); Artemide 5E (19 December 2010), lot 1163 (part of)

The reverse figure is crudely engraved, but clearly not a stag.
Ardatirion
00013x00.jpg
36 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 2.71 g, 12 h)
Imperial issue (?)
Venus Victrix standing right, resting arm on cippus and holding transverse scepter and clasping hands with Mars, standing left
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Rostowzew 153, pl. III 2; München 16-7; Kircheriano 572, 582, 738, and 741

Rostowzew places this with the "Tesserae capitibus et nominibus imperatorum signatae" on the basis of type. In my studies, I have noticed that many of the types bearing Imperial portraiture or names are much more finely engraved, often with a centering dot and pronounced rims.
Ardatirion
00004x00~5.jpg
61 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.53 g, 12h)
Victory standing right, foot on helmet, inscribing shield set on palm tree
Apex; palm frond to left
M. & B. Overbeck, “Romische Bleimarken als Zeugnis des Ersten Jüdischen Krieges,” in Helas und der Grechen Osten, p. 211-216, 1; Rostovtsev 1840, pl. VII, 37; BMC 802-4

The similarities between the obverse of this piece and the Judaea Capta issues of Caesarea Maritima cannot be overstated. This type, as well as a few others that bear the portrait of Vespasian or palm trees, undoubtedly played some role in the triumph that followed the conclusion of the First Jewish War.
2 commentsArdatirion
00021x00~0.jpg
39 viewsTiberius. AD 14-37
Æ As (26mm, 9.14 g, 12 h)
Gaul? Imitating Rome mint issue struck AD 21-22
[TI CAESAR DIV]I AVG F AVGVST IMP [VII or VIII]
Bare head right
PONT[IF MAXIM TRIBVN] POTEST XXXIIII
Livia seated right, holding patera and long scepter; SC flanking
Cf. Cohen 19

The authors of RIC I do not recognize this type as being official. Cohen likely saw a similar imitation, assuming it to be an original mint issue.
1 commentsArdatirion
00008x00~2.jpg
15 viewsTHESSALY, Uncertain. Mid-late 4th century BC?
PB Tessera. By the Eurymenai/Atrax engraver?
Bearded head right
Schematic line (horse's leg right?)
Cf. BCD Thessaly 1024 and 1038 (for similar bearded heads)

From the BCD Collection

BCD suggests that these two matching specimens are the products of an itinerant engraver, who would have used similar lead strickings as a portfolio to present to the various polities of the region. They are not related to the comparatively more common lead pieces of Pherai (Rogers 287; BCD Thessaly I 1305).
Ardatirion
00007x00~2.jpg
16 viewsTHESSALY, Uncertain. Mid-late 4th century BC?
PB Tessera. By the Eurymenai/Atrax engraver?
Bearded head right
Schematic line (horse's leg right?)
Cf. BCD Thessaly 1024 and 1038 (for similar bearded heads)

From the BCD Collection

BCD suggests that these two matching specimens are the products of an itinerant engraver, who would have used similar lead strickings as a portfolio to present to the various polities of the region. They are not related to the comparatively more common lead pieces of Pherai (Rogers 287; BCD Thessaly I 1305).
Ardatirion
ephesos_ascleupeus.jpg
25 viewsIONIA, Ephesos.
PB Tessera (15mm, 1.58 g)
Aesculapius standing left, leaning on staff entwined with snakes
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç 3 (same dies) corr. (Aesculapius, not Eirene)
Ardatirion
lion1.jpg
20 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.99 g)
Lion advancing right
Blank
Cf. Gülbay & Kireç 92 (lion in different stance) corr. (not a seahorse)
1 commentsArdatirion
horse1.JPG
23 viewsIONIA,Ephesos
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.34 g)
Stag standing right
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç 98 corr. (stag, not crab)
1 commentsArdatirion
Lanz21.JPG
40 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (19mm, 4.90 g)
Togate figure standing left, sacrificing at altar before tholos containing cult statue
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -; Hirsch 279, lot 4922

The engraver of this die betrays no small skill in his execution of the obverse type; the circular shrine is shown in perspective, with the columns arranged so as to suggest distance while still leaving room for the statue to be visible. I was surprised to find that another specimen of this type from different, though equally elegant dies had recently sold in a Hirsch auction, there misidentified as a “bleiplombe,” or lead seal.
1 commentsArdatirion
00001x00~4.jpg
60 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (28.5mm, 10.36 g, 6 h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1837.
Laureate head of Liberty right; above, E. PLURIBUS UNUM on ribbon; thirteen stars around; 1837
MILLIONS FOR DEFENCE. Within wreath: NOT/ ONE/ CENT/ -/ FOR TRIBUTE
Rulau HT 48; Low 28
Ardatirion
kyHWAyT.jpg
19 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (28.5mm, 8.53 g, 12h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1838.
AM I NOT A WOMAN & A SISTER, hained female slave kneeling right, raising arms in supplication; * 1838 * below UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, LIBERTY/ 1838 within wreath
Rulau HT 81; Low 54

Ex Album 33 (17 January 2019), lot 2542

June 1900 saw a brief flurry of journalistic interest in the "Am I Not A Woman & A Sister" tokens. A specimen had been found in a garden in Indiana, apparently in one of the many towns that claim a connection to the Underground Railroad, and received a glowing and fanciful write up in the local newspaper. The paper claimed that it was a "Talisman of Slavery," and used as a token to ensure safe passage along the escaped slave's route, and that it was a very rare piece. The following week a newspaper in Maine recorded that a local collector had another example, again drawing a purported connection to the Underground Railroad. Astutely, the July 1900 edition of the American Journal of Numismatics pointed out that, while an isolated use like this was possible, it was not what the tokens were originally intended for.
Ardatirion
00001x00~3.jpg
92 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. Belleville, New Jersey. “T. Duseaman, butcher”
CU Token (28mm, 10.84 g, 1h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Struck 1837
AGRICULTURE & COMMERCE/ * BAS CANADA *
Bouquet
T. DUSEAMAN BUTCHER/ * BELLEVILLE *
Eagle standing left, with wings spread and head left, holding shield emblazoned with anchor; thirteens stars around
Rulau HT 204; Low 148; Corteau 71; Charlton LC-45; Breton 670

T. Duseaman never existed. This type was struck from a rejected die for the token of one Tobias Seaman, a butcher in Belleville. Mint workers added a U to the name and combined it with a damaged die from the Lower Canada series to produce this currency issue. Breton notes that the type is most often found in Canada, suggesting that it was deliberately produced at minimal cost for sale to Canadian brokers.
Ardatirion
00005x00~3.jpg
85 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. Belleville, New Jersey. Tobias D. Seaman, butcher
CU Token. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dies by Gibbs. Struck 1837.
T. D. SEAMAN BUTCHER./ * BELLEVILLE *. Bouquet.
* A FRIEND */ TO THE CONSTITUTION, Bull standing right; c/m: minute D above.
Rulau HT 204B; Low 155

Ex Don Miller Collection; William Dunham Collection (B. Max Mehl, 3 August 1941), lot 2713


Tobias Seaman was apparently not primarily engaged as a butcher, finding more success as a hotelier. He was the proprietor of Mansion House in Belleville and, later, of the Mechanic's Hotel in Newark circa 1845-1851, and the South Ward Hotel thereafter. For a brief time he was also the owner of a stage line to New York and, "a horseman of great noteriety."(W. Shaw, History of Essex and Hudson Counties, New Jersey. New York, 1884. p. 890-a)
Ardatirion
islamic_2.jpg
64 viewsEAST AFRICA, Kilwa Sultanate. 'Ali bin al-Hasan. Late 5th century AH / 11th century AD
Æ Fals (21mm, 2.68 g, 3 h). Kilwa Kisiwani mint.
Inscription in two lines; star at center
Inscription in three lines
Album 1180; Walker, Kilwa 12; SICA 10, 589-91; Zeno 87054 (this coin)

Acquired in the 1960's, likely through circulation in Dar-es-Salaam.

Chittick ("On the Chronology of the sultans of Kilwa" in NC 13, 1973), the excavator of Kilwa Kisiwani, notes that these issues were found in the earliest stratigraphic layers and accordingly reassigns them to the first sultan of Kilwa. Walker and Freeman-Grenville gave them to an otherwise unattested 13th century ruler of the same name. However, the picture is muddled by finds from the excavations at Songo Mnara, occupied only between the 14th and 16th centuries, where this type was among the most numerous to be found. The type is unlikely to have remained in circulation for such a long period and may been reissued by subsequent rulers.
Ardatirion
anton.jpg
27 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Seal (?) (21mm, 4.19g)
Dated year 3 of an uncertain era.
ANTWNINOV[KAITOVNY]
Hermes standing facing, nude, head left, disk or globe in right, caduceus in left; ibis at his feet; LΙΓ in left field
Traces of attached metal
Milne , “Egyptian Leaden Tokens” in NC 1930, p. 310 note 3; Milne -; Dattari (Savio) 6413; Köln -

With an old Galiere Antiker Kunst ticket.

Milne does not regard this piece as a token. The attached metal on the reverse is characteristic of certain types of lead seals.
Ardatirion
Egypt_5409.jpg
36 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (21mm, 3.70 g, 11 h)
Dated year 5 of an uncertain era
Hermes standing left, holding bag and long caduceus; to left, ramleaping left, star above
Vexillum; L [Є] flanking
Milne 5409 corr. (ram not described); Dattari (Savio) 6453 corr. (vexillum on reverse); Köln -
Ardatirion
quadrans.jpg
107 viewsROME. temp. Hadrian-Antoninus Pius. Circa AD 120-161
Æ Quadrans (16mm, 2.94 g, 7h)
Rome mint
Petasus
Winged caduceus; S C flanking
Weigel 18; RIC II 32; Cohen 36

Weigel reconsiders the anonymous quadrantes as a cohesive group. The seriesportrays a pantheon of eleven deities: Jupiter, Minerva, Roma, Neptune, Tiber, Mars, Venus, Apollo, Mercury, Bacchus/Liber, and Hercules. Types are primarily a portrait of the god, with an attribute on the reverse and are usually influenced by (but not directly copied from) earlier designs, primarily from the Republic. He updates the series to the reigns of Hadrian and Antoninus.
5 commentsArdatirion
00091x00.jpg
93 viewsCANADA, Tokens. Nova Scotia. William IV. King of Great Britain, 1830-1837.
CU Penny Token (34.5 mm, 14.27 g, 6 h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835.
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
ONE PENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-4A2; Breton 870

Canadian catalogs traditionally give this issue to an illicit mint in Montreal. Wayne Jacobs1 argues that these were struck in Belleville. While his methodology is somewhat questionable - most of his theory is based off a unreliable editorial in an 1893 edition of the Newark Sunday Call - his reasoning regarding this series is sound. He is able to clearly demonstrate that the halfpenny and penny tokens in question are a product of a single, cohesive establishment which could not have been located in Lower Canada. Finally, Jacobs' claim can be supported by documentary evidence from the Belleville mint's primary competitor, the Scoville Company of Waterbury, Connecticut. A letter from J.M.L. to W.H. Scoville, dated April 4 1839, states that, "a competitor was stamping Canada Nova Scotia and Southern coins at 35 cents a pound."

1. Jacobs, Wayne. 1996. “The Shadowy Issues of the Belleville Mint.” Canadian Numismatic Journal 41 1: 13–26.
1 commentsArdatirion
00022x00.jpg
55 viewsROME. temp. Domitian-Antoninus Pius. Circa AD 81-160
Æ Quadrans (16mm, 3.99 g, 12 h)
Rome mint
Griffin seated left, paw on wheel
Tripod; S C flanking
Weigel 15; RIC II 28; Cohen 38

Weigel reconsiders the anonymous quadrantes as a cohesive group. The seriesportrays a pantheon of eleven deities: Jupiter, Minerva, Roma, Neptune, Tiber, Mars, Venus, Apollo, Mercury, Bacchus/Liber, and Hercules. Types are primarily a portrait of the god, with an attribute on the reverse and are usually influenced by (but not directly copied from) earlier designs, primarily from the Republic. He updates the series to the reigns of Hadrian and Antoninus.
Ardatirion
00001x00~13.jpg
12 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA, nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 1/D; Colver & Harley –; KM Tn2

Ex Katz E-Auction 24 (14 August 2019), lot 900

The obverse of this token is from the first regular circulation issue, here heavily repolished and paired with a die from one of the final strikes, linking the two otherwise distinct sets of obverse dies. Only seven examples of this pairing are known. Snyder notes that die pairing 3/C, presently unlinked to others, could place between the first (obv 5 & 1) and second group (obv 2 &4). As obverses 3 and 4 both occur with significant breaks, this 1/D pairing may have been struck to replace either 3 or 4, with the later being more likely considering the sequence, and the 3/C pair the final set of dies used.
Ardatirion
00055x00~0.jpg
47 viewsHAITI, Premier République. Jean Pierre Boyer. President, 1825-1843
Brass 50 Centimes (25.5mm, 4.26 g, 12h)
Contemporary counterfeit. Dated L'An 25 of the Republic (AD 1828/9)
J * BOYER * PRESIDENTE *, AN 25
Bust left
REPUBLIQUE D'HAITI */ 50 * C
Palm tree flanked by cannon and banners
KM 20a; cf. Arroyo 105 (for official issue); Lissade 96; iNumis 25, lot 1352

On 1 June 1835, local officials arrested engraver Joseph Gardner of Belleville on charges of counterfeiting. When searching his house, officials discovered dies for Spanish 8 reales in various states of completion, coining implements, a bag of gold dust, and several bags of "spurious Haytien coppers." Yet Gardner was not the only individual striking illicit Haitian coins. James Bishop of neighboring Bloomfield, New Jersey had been arrested several months before, and a third person was responsible for the issue brought to Haiti by Jeremiah Hamilton.

Today, two distinct issues of counterfeits can be identified: a group of 25 and 50 Centimes, clearly related in fabric, and two different dates of 100 Centimes. The smaller denominations are most often found lacking a silver plating, while the plating year 26 100 Centimes is fine enough to deceive the likes of NGC and Heritage. Additionally, there are a handful year 27 100 centimes overstruck on US large cents. While I have not yet found a regular strike from these dies, they are the most likely candidate for Belleville's production.
Ardatirion
00037x00.jpg
46 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. Political issues
CU Cent Token (28mm, 8.11 g, 5 h)
Dies by William Eaves for the Scoville Co. of Waterbury, Connecticut.
Dually dated 1827 and 1835. Struck 1837.
MERCHANT EXCHANGE WALL ST N. YORK, facade of bank, BUILT 1827/ BURNT 1835
MILLIONS FOR DEFENCE, NOT/ ONE/ CENT/ FOR TRIBUTE within wreath
Rulau HT 293; Low -
1 commentsArdatirion
gnostic_token.jpg
140 viewsROME
PB Gnostic amulet
3rd-5th century AD
Abraxas standing left, with head of a cock, body of a man, and legs of a serpent, holding spear and shield
Star over crescent; ABPA/ CAZ below
Cf. Rostowzew & Prou 820a (oval shape, letters IAω around deity)

Remnants of loupe for suspension at 12'

Not a tessera, but often erroneously included among them.
Ardatirion
00037x00~2.jpg
9 viewsGERMANY, Kriegsgeld. Berleberg
FE 10 Pfennigen (20mm, 2.39 g, 12h)
Dated 1917
STADT BERLEBURG, civic coat-of-arms; below, *1917*
KRIEGSNOTGELD/ 10/ * PFENNIG *
Ardatirion
louis1-denier-temple.JPG
D.1179 Louis the Pious (denier, class 3)51 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 1.56 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

The XPISTIANA should be read "χρISTIANA", nice mix of greek and latin letters.

This is the most common carolingian coin (Class 3 of Louis' coinage).
The obverse is the same as Class 2. However, the reverse is a signature of the alliance between the Carolingians and the Roman Church, which began with Louis' father (Charles the Great) and the systematic introduction of a cross on coins. Louis carried on...

There is no indication of the mint name on this coinage. This fact is generally interpreted as a reinforcement of the imperial autority. Many people tried to localize the precise location of mints. Simon Coupland proposed an attribution, using stylistic similarities to other coins of well known mints. Some cases are easy to attribute but not this one (maybe Quentovic or Verdun ?)...

Droger
louis1-denier-temple-2.JPG
D.1179 Louis the Pious (denier, class 3)30 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 1.52 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 9 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée s with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

Another example of temple denier with a different style, which suggests a different mint. The letters are cruder and the legend is slightly degenerated (retrograd S, MP instead of IMP for the title).
Droger
louis1-obole-2xlegchret.JPG
D.abs Louis the Pious (obol, class 3)19 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (unknown mint in the south-east of France?, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 0.77 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 5 h

O/ +PISTIΛNΛ PI; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +OPISTIΛNΛ PE; cross pattée

This obol may be due to a double reverse error because of the absence of the sovereign's name and the legend repetition on both sides. However several dies were used to strike this type (I could find 3 obverse and 3 reverse dies), one side always bears 4 pellets as the other does not. One of the reverse dies is associated to the more typical obverse legend +HLVDOVVICVS I. Consequently an error does not seem to be likely. Because of hoard localizations, these obols seem to come from a single mint, in the south-east of France (Lyon, Arles?).
1 commentsDroger
charles2-denier-temple.JPG
D.1189 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1e,Orléans)40 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
"Temple" denier (Orléans, class 1e, 840-864)

Silver, 1.64 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 8h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ +XPISTIΛNΛ RELIGIO; temple

This other example of Class 1 is the continuation of Louis the Pious' temple denier. XPISTIANA RELIGIO is then most often replaced by the mint name.
Although this is not the case for this specimen, the mint attribution is very clear. It is Orléans, because of the exaggerated S of XPISTIANA and the first I of RELIGIO is in the angle of the L.
Droger
charles2-gdr-curtisasonien.JPG
D.375 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Courcessin?)35 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Courcessin?, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.43 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +I.CVRTISΛSONIEH; cross pattée

In 864, Charles the Bald promulgated the edict of Pîtres, huge reform whose aim was to protect the kingdom from Viking raids. It also reinforced royal authority on minting, and created a new type of deniers . The new coins could be only struck at 10 mints (Palace, Chalon sur Saône, Melle, Narbonne, Orléans, Paris, Quentovic, Reims, Rouen and Sens). This limitation had never been applied, more than 110 mints struck the new coinage. This can be understood as a lack of control of the central autority. However it seems that several mints shared dies... Grierson and Blackburn proposed that only 10 main mints produced dies and partially outsourced coinage production ?
On the obverse is written GRATIA D-I REX (GDR) around a carolingian monogram. The alliance with Roman Church goes on... The reverse already existed for Class 1, with the mint name around a cross pattée.
Class 2 of Charles' coinage is made of these GDR deniers.

The precise localization of the mint in Normandie (north of France) is still not clear. According to Grierson and Blackburn, Courti(s) Sasonien(sis) may come from some groups of Saxons settled in northern part of Gaul.
Droger
charles2-denier-gdr-orleans.JPG
D.727 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Orléans)14 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Orléans, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.80 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛS; cross pattée

This is another typical example of Class 2 (GDR type).
Cenabum was a gallic stronghold of the Carnute tribe. It was conquered and destroyed by Caesar in 52 BC, and then maybe rebuilt by the emperor Aurelian. This may be the origin the city's name.
Droger
charles2-gdr-quentovic.JPG
D.811 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Quentovic)37 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Quentovic, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.64 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +QVVENTOVVCI; cross pattée with 2 globules

This is another typical example of Class 2 (GDR type).
Droger
charles2-denier-gdr-dijon.JPG
D.399 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Dijon)21 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Dijon, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 0.91 g, 19.5 mm diameter, die axis 2h

O/ +C[RATIA] D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +DIVIONI C[AST]RE; cross pattée

This is another less common example of Class 2 (GDR type).
Droger
hugues-capet-denier-beauvais.JPG
Dy.001 Hugh Capet: denier (Beauvais)19 viewsHugh Capet, king of the Franks (987-996) and Hervé, Bishop of Beauvais (987-998)
Denier (Beauvais)

Silver, 1.19 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 9h
O: [HERV]EVS HVGO RE[X] ; cross pattée with 2 pellets
R: BE[LVΛC]VS CIVITΛS ; carolingian monogram KRLS

Although Hugh Capet was the founder of the capetian dynasty, his coinage contains a carolingian monogram. It may have been a way to show the continuity of the royal authority. The presence of the bishop Hervé is not really understood on this nearly only coinage of Hugh Capet as king of the Franks (obols of the same type are also known, as well as a unique denier of Laon).
Droger
philippe1-denier-macon.JPG
Dy.081 Philip I: denier (Mâcon)31 viewsPhilip I, king of the Franks (1060-1108)
Denier (Mâcon, 2ond type)

Billon, 1.10 g, diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 5h
O: +PIIIPVS RX; lozenge with 4 pellets
R: +MATISCON; S with 2 pellets

Although Mâcon (Bourgogne) was not in the royal domain, this denier was struck in the name of Philip I, king of France.
Droger
philippe2-denier-deols.JPG
Dy.178 Philip II (Augustus): denier (Déols)21 viewsPhilip II, king of France (1180-1223)
Denier (1206-1207, Déols)

Billon, 1.18 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 7h
O: +REX FILIPVS; croix pattée
R: +Dε DOLIS; hexalpha (star) around a ringlet

Déols (in the Centre-Val de Loire, region of France) was not in the royal domain.This denier was struck by Philip II, as guardian of Denise of Déols. Surprinsigly, the king title (rex) arrives before the name of the king.
Droger
louis9-gros-tournois.JPG
Dy.190C Louis IX (Saint Louis): Gros tournois57 viewsLouis IX, king of France (1226-1270)
Gros tournois (1266-1270)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.94 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: +LVDOVICVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

The full transcription of the obverse is: benedictvm sit nomen domini nostri dei Jesu Christi, which means ``blessed is the name of our Lord Jesus Christ'' (XPI is in fact a mix of greek and latin letters: χρI[STI]). This choice of religious legend is not surprising for a king as pious as Louis IX.

The value of the denier had become too small for use in commerce. So Louis IX introduced the Gros Tournois in 1266, with a value of 12 deniers tournois (12 is the number of lis, and also of letters of the obverse and reverse legends !). Gros means ``big'' or``thick'', and tournois ``of Tours'' (Tours is a french city). The inner part of a Gros tournois is similar to a denier tournois. An outer circle has been added with the christian legend on the obverse and 12 fleur-de-lis (symbol of French kingship) on the reverse.

Gros tournois were struck in France and entire Europe during one century.
Droger
philippe3-denier-tournois-2.JPG
Dy.204 Philip III (the Bold): denier tournois 18 viewsPhilip III, king of France (1270-1285)
Denier tournois (1270-1280)

Billon (299 ‰), 0.85 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 11h
O: +PhILIPVS.REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS.CIVIS.; châtel tournois

Another example of this type, quite hard to find in a very good state.
Droger
philippe5-gros-tournois.JPG
Dy.238 Philip V (the Tall): Gros tournois 25 viewsPhilip V, king of France (1316-1322)
Gros tournois (1318)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.93 g, diameter 26mm, die axis 12h

O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS(hammer)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮
SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV⋮XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS(hammer)CIVIS; châtel tournois;
outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

At first sight, Philip V's gros tournois are very similar to his father's ones. However, the general style is quite different: Philip V's tournois have a stretched castle, thiner letters with more space between them (especially for TVRONVS CIVIS), n of nOmЄ is an n but not an N) and ⋮ instead of . between IhV and XPI. Moreover, it is commonly thought that a hammer (like here) or a crescent separating TVRONVS/CIVIS and PHILIPPVS/REX is a typical feature of Philip V.

Philip V's gros tournois are scarcer than Philip IV's. His reign was shorter and a silver lack prevented him from minting as much as he wanted. Philip had to forbid the production of silver items like dishes in order to keep silver for minting.
Droger
charles4-maille-blanche-1ere.JPG
Dy.243 Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 1st emission7 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 1st emission (03/02/1324)

Silver (798 ‰), 1.82 g, diameter 22 mm, die axis 2h
O: inner circle: +kAROLVS(diamond)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT#8942nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANChORVm*; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis

The h of FRANChORVm is characteristic of the first emission.

Charles was the younger and third son of former king Philip the Fair. He was consequently not supposed to rule. However, as his two brothers successively died without any living son, he became king in 1322. Six years later, he also died without a male heir. So ended up the capetian senior line in 1328.
The legend began then... Jacques de Molay, last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, had cursed King Philip the Fair and his descendants from his execution pyr in 1314. Was the curse finally efficient ?
Charles'cousin, his nearest parent, became then king of France as Philip VI.
Droger
eudes-denier-blois.JPG
D.163 Eudes (denier, Blois)15 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Blois)

Silver, 1.59 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +MISERICORDIΛ DE-I; monogram
R/ +BIESIΛNIS CΛSTR◊; cross pattée

Eudes was not a Carolingian. As count of Paris, he obtained successful results against the Viking attacks. He was then chosen by frankish noblemen to be the king. The legitimate heir Charles III the Simple was then too young to rule.

This type of coinage is a very Carolingian one.
Eudes made his own monograms. This one is quite elaborate, with ◊DO above and RX below. Still on the obverse, the inscription is Misericordia Dei instead of the traditional Gratia Dei Rex. These two features (monogram and legend) make this coin very similar to Louis III's coins of Touraine (Blois and Tours mainly).

Droger
00039x00~0.jpg
14 viewsGERMANY, Kriegsgeld. Uncertain. Kantine Schürmeyer.
ZN 50 Pfennigen Token (23mm, 3.30 g, 1h)
"Kantine/ (rosette)/ Schürmeyer"
Large 50
Menzel 16660.1; TC 208156

Not properly a "kriesgeld," but possibly a token with military connections, perhaps for an officer's mess. Listed as a 'maverick' in Menzel.
Ardatirion
charles2-denier-immo-melle.JPG
Charles II the Bald (denier, Melle, immobilization)46 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, 10th century)

Silver, 1.15 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX R; cross pattée (S retrograd)
R/ MET / . / ALO

Not really a type that can be attributed to Charles the Bald... this type was immobilized and struck from the middle of the 10th century to the end of the 11th century ! Minting was then totally in the hands of of the counts of Poitou and out of control of the royal administration.
The obverse is similar to previous coinage, but with a retrograd S on most of the specimen. On the contrary, the mint name (in the field on the obverse) had never been used by Charles the Bald (METALO instead of METALLVUM).
Droger
lg004_quad_sm.jpg
"As de Nîmes" or "crocodile" Ӕ dupondius of Nemausus (9 - 3 BC), honoring Augustus and Agrippa33 viewsIMP DIVI F , Heads of Agrippa (left) and Augustus (right) back to back, Agrippa wearing rostral crown and Augustus the oak-wreath / COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm-shoot with short dense fronds and tip right; two short palm offshoots left and right below, above on left a wreath with two long ties streaming right.

Ӕ, 24.5 x 3+ mm, 13.23g, die axis 3h; on both sides there are remains of what appears to be gold plating, perhaps it was a votive offering? Rough edges and slight scrapes on flan typical for this kind of coin, due to primitive technology (filing) of flan preparation.

IMPerator DIVI Filius. Mint of COLonia NEMausus (currently Nîmes, France). Known as "As de Nîmes", it is actually a dupontius (lit. "two-pounder") = 2 ases (sometimes cut in halves to get change). Dupondii were often made out of a golden-colored copper alloy (type of brass) "orichalcum" and this appears to be such case.

Key ID points: oak-wreath (microphotography shows that at least one leaf has a complicated shape, although distinguishing oak from laurel is very difficult) – earlier versions have Augustus bareheaded, no PP on obverse as in later versions, no NE ligature, palm with short fronds with tip right (later versions have tip left and sometimes long fronds). Not typical: no clear laurel wreath together with the rostral crown, gold (?) plating (!), both features really baffling.

But still clearly a "middle" kind of the croc dupondius, known as "type III": RIC I 158, RPC I 524, Sear 1730. It is often conservatively dated to 10 BC - 10 AD, but these days it is usually narrowed to 9/8 - 3 BC.

It is a commemorative issue, honoring the victory over Mark Antony and conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. The heads of Augustus and Agrippa were probably positioned to remind familiar obverses of Roman republican coins with two-faced Janus. Palm branch was a common symbol of victory, in this case grown into a tree, like the victories of Augustus and Agrippa grown into the empire. The two offshoots at the bottom may mean two sons of Agrippa, Gaius and Lucius, who were supposed to be Augustus' heirs and were patrons of the colony. Palm may also be a symbol of the local Nemausian deity, which was probably worshiped in a sacred grove. When these coins were minted, the colony was mostly populated by the settled veterans of Augustus' campaigns, hence the reminiscence of the most famous victory, but some of the original Celtic culture probably survived and was assimilated by Romans. The crocodile is not only the symbol of Egypt, like in the famous Octavian's coins AEGYPTO CAPTA. It is also a representation of Mark Antony, powerful and scary both in water and on land, but a bit slow and stupid. The shape of the crocodile with tail up was specifically chosen to remind of the shape of ship on very common "legionary" denarius series, which Mark Antony minted to pay his armies just before Actium. It is probably also related to the popular contemporary caricature of Cleopatra, riding on and simultaneously copulating with a crocodile, holding a palm branch in her hand as if in triumph. There the crocodile also symbolized Mark Antony.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was born c. 64-62 BC somewhere in rural Italy. His family was of humble and plebeian origins, but rich, of equestrian rank. Agrippa was about the same age as Octavian, and the two were educated together and became close friends. He probably first served in Caesar's Spanish campaign of 46–45 BC. Caesar regarded him highly enough to send him with Octavius in 45 BC to train in Illyria. When Octavian returned to Rome after Caesar's assassination, Agrippa became his close lieutenant, performing many tasks. He probably started his political career in 43 BC as a tribune of the people and then a member of the Senate. Then he was one of the leading Octavian's generals, finally becoming THE leading general and admiral in the civil wars of the subsequent years.

In 38 as a governor of Transalpine Gaul Agrippa undertook an expedition to Germania, thus becoming the first Roman general since Julius Caesar to cross the Rhine. During this foray he helped the Germanic tribe of Ubii (who previously allied themselves with Caesar in 55 BC) to resettle on the west bank of the Rhine. A shrine was dedicated there, possibly to Divus Caesar whom Ubii fondly remembered, and the village became known as Ara Ubiorum, "Altar of Ubians". This quickly would become an important Roman settlement. Agrippina the Younger, Agrippa's granddaughter, wife of Emperor Claudius and mother of Emperor Nero, would be born there in 15 AD. In 50 AD she would sponsor this village to be upgraded to a colonia, and it would be renamed Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (colony of Claudius [at] the Altar of Agrippinians – Ubii renamed themselves as Agrippinians to honor the augusta!), abbreviated as CCAA, later to become the capital of new Roman province, Germania Inferior.

In 37 BC Octavian recalled Agrippa back to Rome and arranged for him to win the consular elections, he desperately needed help in naval warfare with Sextus Pompey, the youngest son of Pompey the Great, who styled himself as the last supporter of the republican cause, but in reality became a pirate king, an irony since his father was the one who virtually exterminated piracy in all the Roman waters. He forced humiliating armistice on the triumvirs in 39 BC and when Octavian renewed the hostilities a year later, defeated him in a decisive naval battle of Messina. New fleet had to be built and trained, and Agrippa was the man for the job. Agrippa's solution was creating a huge secret naval base he called Portus Iulius by connecting together lakes Avernus, Avernus and the natural inner and outer harbors behind Cape Misenum at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples. He also created a larger type of ship and developed a new naval weapon: harpax – a ballista-launched grapnel shot with mechanisms that allowed pulling enemy ships close for easy boarding. It replaced the previous boarding device that Romans used since the First Punic War, corvus – effective, but extremely cumbersome. A later defence against it were scythe blades on long poles for cutting ropes, but since this invention was developed in secret, the enemy had no chance to prepare anything like it. It all has proved extremely effective: in a series of naval engagements Agrippa annihilated the fleet of Sextus, forced him to abandon his bases and run away. For this Agrippa was awarded an unprecedented honour that no Roman before or after him received: a rostral crown, "corona rostrata", a wreath decorated in front by a prow and beak of a ship.

That's why Virgil (Aeneid VIII, 683-684), describing Agrippa at Actium, says: "…belli insigne superbum, tempora navali fulgent rostrata corona." "…the proud military decoration, gleams on his brow the naval rostral crown". Actium, the decisive battle between forces of Octavian and Mark Antony, may appear boring compared to the war with Sextus, but it probably turned out this way due to Agrippa's victories in preliminary naval engagements and taking over all the strategy from Octavian.

In between the wars Agrippa has shown an unusual talent in city planning, not only constructing many new public buildings etc., but also greatly improving Rome's sanitation by doing a complete overhaul of all the aqueducts and sewers. Typically, it was Augustus who later would boast that "he had found the city of brick but left it of marble", forgetting that, just like in his naval successes, it was Agrippa who did most of the work. Agrippa had building programs in other Roman cities as well, a magnificent temple (currently known as Maison Carrée) survives in Nîmes itself, which was probably built by Agrippa.

Later relationship between Augustus and Agrippa seemed colder for a while, Agrippa seemed to even go into "exile", but modern historians agree that it was just a ploy: Augustus wanted others to think that Agrippa was his "rival" while in truth he was keeping a significant army far away from Rome, ready to come to the rescue in case Augustus' political machinations fail. It is confirmed by the fact that later Agrippa was recalled and given authority almost equal to Augustus himself, not to mention that he married Augustus' only biological child. The last years of Agrippa's life were spent governing the eastern provinces, were he won respect even of the Jews. He also restored Crimea to Roman Empire. His last service was starting the conquest of the upper Danube, were later the province of Pannonia would be. He suddenly died of illness in 12 BC, aged ~51.

Agrippa had several children through his three marriages. Through some of his children, Agrippa would become ancestor to many subsequent members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He has numerous other legacies.
Yurii P
107-1a-NAC61.jpg
"C" Denarius, Crawford 107/1a - My favorite Coin26 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 209-208 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with splayed visor; “X” behind; Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; Above, “C”; in linear frame, “ROMA”.
Mint: Etruia(?)
Weight: 4.44 gm.
Reference: Crawford 107/1a
Provenance: NAC 61; 25-OCT-2011, Privately purchased by RBW from CNG in 1989


Comments: This is one of my favorite coins. It is not high grade, neither the obverse nor the reverse is well centered. The dioscuri are really just blobs, and this coin would be overlooked in any sale but the NAC 61 sale of RBW’s finest and rarest coins, perhaps the greatest Roman Republican auction of our generation. Nevertheless, the coin has a lovely tone and a style that is very characteristic of this issue which is quite rare.

Unique to this variety and the related staff issue, are the braided locks extending from the helmet to the hair binding. The stars are simple dots above the dioscuri, and ROMA is cut into the die with very large letters with a very fine line tool. There has been much speculation on the significance of the “C” insignia, but few with any real merit.
1 commentsSteve B5
149.jpg
"EVMENEΩN" and "ΦIΛΩNIΔOY" (monograms to be read as)182 viewsPHRYGIA. Eumeneia. Fulvia. Æ 19. Ca. 41-40 B.C. Obv: Draped bust of Fulvia as winged Nike r.; 2 cm’s, (1) on head, (2) above head. Rev: (ΦYΛOYIANΩN) to right, ΣMEPTOPIΓ(OΣ)/(ΦIΛΩNIΔOY) in 2 lines to l. Athena adv. l., hld. spear and shield. Ref: BMC 20-21 (?); RPC 3139 (7 pcs). Axis: 330°. Weight: 6.84 g. Magistrate: Zmertorigos Philopatris. Note: Eumeneia changed its name to Fulvia on the occasion of Mark Antony's journey to the east in 41 B.C., likely propmting the issue of coins. After Fulvia died the city took back its old name. On BMC 21 the ethnic "ΦYΛOVIANΩN" may be purposefully erased, which also seems to be the case on this specimen! Both coins are countermarked, and the cm's may be read "EVMENEΩN" and "ΦIΛΩNIΔOY". The purpose of countermarking in combination with the erasure of the city name, thus, seems to have been to make note of second name change. CM(1): Monogram of EVMNO (?), in circ. punch, 4 mm. CM(2): Monogram of ΦIΛNΔ (?), in circ. punch, 3.5 mm. Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
2012-07-151.jpg
"Obol" As of Marcus Aurelius117 viewsThis as of Marcus Aurleius with reverse of Providentia holding wand over globe has a layer of thick blue crystals on both sides. Many believe that this kind of patina comes from contact with the dead and such coins are therefore know as "obol" coins from the practice of placing payment for the afterlife in the deceased's mouth. It is not certain if there is any truth to these rumours. When coins, like this one, come from ploughed field contexts it is impossible to determine what their original deposition context was. 2 commentsotlichnik
86A_1.jpg
"Q" Quinarius, RRC 86A/122 viewsDenomination: Quinarius
Era: c. 211 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with splayed visor. Hair curl visible on far side of Roma’s neck. Behind, “V”. Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; “ROMA” in exergue. “Q” symbol below horses
Mint: S. E. Italy
Weight: 2.11 gm.
Reference: Crawford 86A/1
Provenance: Nomisma E-Live Auction 12, October 2, 2019, Lot 2034

Comments: “Q” symbol quinarius, Not to be confused with the more common Crawford 102/2 Q quinarius varieties. Very scarce, 6 examples in ACSearch at this writing.

Glossy jet black patina(?) Some reverse corrosion, otherwise GVF.
3 commentsSteve B5
fourree.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS31 views138 - 161 AD
SILVER-PLATED DENARIUS (FOUREE) 2.70 g 17 mm
O: COS ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P III
BARE HEAD RIGHT
(P P = 139 AD, COS III = 140 AD)
R: HO-N-OS
HONOS, TOGATE, STANDING L HOLDING BRANCH AND CORNUCIPIAE
Reverse cf. BMC 41, 264; RIC 79, 422; Cohen 235, 236.
Minted under Antoninus Pius for Marcus Aurelius as Caesar in Rome, 140 - 144 AD
(mismatching dies in silverplated denarii is not uncommon)
laney
a_pius_zeus_nikop_b.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS26 views138 - 161 AD
AE 30.5 mm; 18.79 g
O: AVT AI ADRIAN - ANTWNEINOC, laureate head r.
R: NEIKOPO - LEITWN / PROC ICTRW, Zeus enthroned l., resting wih l. hand on sceptre and holding with extended r. hand patera over burning altar.
Nikopolis ad Istrum
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) 8.6.1.2 var (vs bare head and ICTR)
Rare
laney
faustina_1_B_4_20.jpg
(0138) FAUSTINA I34 views(wife of Antoninus Pius)
FAUSTINA SR.
d.141 AD
AE As 25.5 mm 9.57 g
O: DIVA AVG FAVSTINA
R: AETERNITAS S C
AETERNITAS STANDING LEFT, ALTAR AT FEET

UNLISTED (Not in RIC with this obv. legend)
laney
commodus.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS11 views177-192 AD
AE 18 mm, 3.3 g
O: [ ] C KOMODO Laureate head r.
R: [ ] PROC ICTRON Homonoia in long garment and mantle, wearing kalathos(?), standing left with cornucopia and holding patera over burning altar
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum; Varbanov (engl.) 2166c, Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.10.36.1, not in AMNGb
(RPC lists this as 10522, incorrectly identifying rev. as Tyche holding rudder and cornucopia)
laney
commodus_aug_tria_b.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--AUGUSTA TRAIANA37 views177 - 192 AD
struck 191-192 AD
AE 29.5 mm; 15.36 g
Magistrate: L. Aemilius Iustus (Legatus Augusti pro praetore provinciae Thraciae)
O: AV KAI [M] AV KOMOΔOC (or similar) Laureate bust right
R: ΗΓΕ Λ ΑΙΜ ΙΟVСΤ ΑVΓΟVСΤΗС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΗС City gate with 3 towers
Thrace, Augusta Traiana
cf RPC online 10823, citing a Freeman & Sear sale of 2005, without picture.
Note: (from C. Clay, 3.21.2015) "Governor Aem. Justus is rare at this mint, yours may be just the second specimen recorded. Not known to Varbanov, or to Stein in his 1926 monograph on Thracian officials. Apparently not in Schoenert-Geiss's Augusta Traiana corpus, or Varbanov would have known it from there."
d.s.
laney
domna_fourree.jpg
(0193) JUIA DOMNA34 viewsb. ca. 170, d. 217
(wife of Septimius Severus; mother of emperors Geta and Caracalla)
AR Fouree Denarius 19 mm, 3.49 g
O: IVLIA AVGVSTA draped bust right
R: FORTVN-[A]E AVG, Fortuna standing left holding cornucopiae
)(reverse type does not appear to have been used on official Domna denarius issues)
laney
julia_dom_artemis_markian~0.jpg
(0193) JULIA DOMNA20 views(wife of Septimius Severus; mother of emperors Geta and Caracalla)
193 - 211 AD
AE 26 mm; 8.26 g
O:. IOVLIA - AVGOVCTA draped bust r.
R: MARKIANO - POLITWN Artemis as huntress advancing r., holding bow in extended l. hand and pulling with
r. hand arrow from quiver over r. shoulder
Markianopolis mint
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.): this obv. legend not listed
c) not in Hristova/Jekov: (new obverse type)
No.6.17.13.1 has IOVLIA DOMNA CEB. The legend IOVLIA AVGOVCTA
is not listed
laney
septim_dancers.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS (Corybantes rev.)23 views193 - 211 AD
AE 27 mm; 10.2 g
O: AY K L CEP - CEYHROS Laureate draped bust right
R: MESAMBR - IA[NWN] Two Corybantes performing Pyrrhic dance, holding shield above their helmeted heads and short swords.
Thrace, Mesembria; cf Karayotov Vol. II, Plate CXXXII 19 and 20
note: Karayotov only lists two example from the same pair of dies:
19) Coll. of Metodi Minchev, Burgas
20) Varna, AM, II 19652; Lazarenko 2003, p. 76 Fig 2. (Lazarenko is a reference in a Bulgarian language numismatic journal)
laney
septim_diony_retrograde_leg_b.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS (Retrograde Reverse Legend)25 views193-211 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.41 g
(struck under governor Aurelius Gallus)
O: [AV KL] CEP - CEVHRO[C P] Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
R: VP AVR GALL - OV NIKOPOLIT / PROC I (retrograde, beginning at 5 o'clock, counterclockwise)
Dionysos, nude, wearing boots, standing left, resting with raised left hand on thyrsos, lowered right hand holding kantharos and pouring
wine
ref. a) not in AMNG
obv. AMNG I/1, 1304
rev. legend not in AMNG
AMNG I/1, 1306 (depiction)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. 8.14.8.8
d) Blancon list 43, 2003
Nikocopolis ad Istrum; very rare
(one of the rare coins with retrograde legend)
laney
caracalla_nike_r.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA68 views198 - 217 AD
AE 29 mm 13.69 g
O: AV K MA P ANTWNINOC, laureat draped bust right
R: HG E KAIKI LARGOV OVLPIA C , ERDI IN EXE.
Nike advancing right holding wreath and branch
SERDICA
(under Hegemon Caecina Largus)
Varbanov 2133; not in Ruzicka; rare
1 commentslaney
carac_herac_apples.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA27 views198 - 217 AD
struck 201 - 203 AD (under legatus consularis Aurelius Gallus)
AE26 Tetrassarion 25 x 26 mm; 9.92 g
O: AV K M AV ANTΩNINO Laureaet bust of Caracalla draped in paludamentum, right
R: VΠ AV ΓAΛΛOV NIKOΠOΛIT Herakles Farnese standing right, right hand behind back (hides the "Apples of the Hesperides"), resting on club set on rock, ΠPOCI beneath
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum mint; Hristova/Jekov No.8.18.14.6, not listed in AMNG also not listed in Varbanov. Rare

laney
elagab_maesa_bon_event.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & Julia Maesa35 views218 – 222 AD
AE 23 mm, 9 g
O: Confronted busts of Elagabalus and Julia Maesa
R: Naked Bonus Eventus standing left holding patera in right hand and two grain ears in left hand; in left field retrograde E /WN in ligature.
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis (Marcianopolis);
AMNG 949; not in Hristova/Jekov (2014), not in Pfeiffer (2013)
[reverse is described in AMNG 949 as: "Genius (Bonus Eventus")]
laney
tyre_stags_pygmal_b.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS--Tyre21 views218 – 222 AD
AE 28mm, 9.73g
O: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: Nude male figure (probably representing King Pygmalion of Tyre=Pu'mayatton, 831-785 BC) advancing left, chlamys over extended right arm, holding transverse spear and shield(?) in raised left hand ; behind him at right, 4 stags leaping right; star above; murex shell below
Phoenicia, Tyre (Tyros);
ref. Rouvier VII, p.80, 2388; BMC Phoenicia p.277, 408; Babelon ("Les Perses Achemenides")
2244; Mionnet V, 657; not in SNG Copenghagen, SNG UK, SNG Deutschland, SNG
Righetti, Lindgren; Rare
(thank you to Jochen for details)
laney
sev_alex_antioch_river_god.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER19 views222-235 AD
AE 30 mm; 12.52 g
O: laureate head right
R: Tyche seated left on rocks, being crowned by Severus who stands behind, another Tyche standing before, holding rudder and cornucopiae; river-god swimming left below, SHC in ex.
Syria, Antioch; cf SNG Cop 256.
laney
severus_alexunlisted~0.jpg
(0222) Severus Alexander (unlisted)77 views222 - 235 AD
Struck 228 AD
AE Dupondius 24 mm 8.86 g
Obv: RIM CAES...
Rad. Dr. Bust R
Rev: PM TR P VII COS II PP / S-C
Pax adv. L holding palm branch and scepter
(Rome) Not listed in RIC or BMC
laney
gordian_serap_mar.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III12 views238-244
AE Pentassarion 28 mm, 8.94 g (Tullius Menophilus, legatus consularis)
O: AVT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC / AVΓ. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian and draped bust of Serapis, wearing calathus, facing one another.
R: VΠ MINOΦΙΛOV MAPKIANOΠOΛIT / ΩN. Serapis standing facing, head left, raising hand and holding sceptre; E (mark of value) to left.
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. Cf. Varbanov 2011-2.
laney
phil_ota_eagle~0.jpg
(0244) OTACILIA SEVERA 17 views(wife of Philip I The Arab)
244 - 249 AD
AE 26 mm; 10.45 g
O: Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Philip and draped bust of Otacilia Severa left, wearing stephane, facing one another (confronted)
R: Eagle standing left, head right, with wings displayed, holding wreath in beak.
cf AMNG I 3585; Moushmov 2308; Varbanov 5760
Moesia Inferior, Thrace, Tomis
laney
phil_ota_eagle.jpg
(0244) PHILIP I & OTACILIA SEVERA14 views244 - 249 AD
AE 26 mm; 10.45 g
O: Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Philip and draped bust of Otacilia Severa left, wearing stephane, facing one another (confronted)
R: Eagle standing left, head right, with wings displayed, holding wreath in beak.
cf AMNG I 3585; Moushmov 2308; Varbanov 5760
Moesia Inferior, Thrace, Tomis
laney
cl_goth_iovi_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS19 views268 - 270 AD
AE 21 mm 3.30 g
O: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI Jupiter standing left holding spear and thunderbolt, eagle at feet left
(Third--final--Emission. A few (4) are recorded by Gyssen in CENB 1999: Not in RIC)
Cyzicus mint.
laney
const_chlor_post.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS (POSTHUMOUS)31 viewsAugustus: 305 - 306 AD
struck ca.
AE Fractional 15.5 mm 1.73 g
O: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINCIPI , laureate veiled bust right
R: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM , Constantius I seated left on curule chair
Dot TS Dot B Dot in exe
Thessalonica
RIC VII 25 a
Note: unlisted in RIC, which does not include officinae B (or A or D; the listed officinae are Rare (R5)
laney
constantine_antioch_genio_resb.jpg
(0306) CONSTANTINE I (as Caesar)48 viewsstruck 306-307 AD
AE Follis 27.5 mm 8.22 g
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right
R: GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI; Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, liquors flowing from patera in right hand,cornucopiae in left.
D (Officina) in right field
ANT in exergue, Antioch
Not listed in RIC
laney
const_i_as_caes.jpg
(0306) CONSTANTINE I (as Caesar) 17 viewsstruck 306-307 AD
AE Follis 27.5 mm 8.22 g
O: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right
R: GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI; Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, liquors flowing from patera in right hand,cornucopiae in left.
D (Officina) in right field
ANT in exergue, Antioch
Not listed in RIC
laney
claudius_ceres_res.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (CERES)24 views41 - 54 AD
AE 27 mm, 11.71 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP Bare headed bust of Claudius left
R: CERES AVGVSTA; SC IN EXE. Seated figure of Ceres left wearing veil, holding corn ear in right hand and torch across knee with left hand.

(Probably an unofficial imitative; note backward S in CERES and backward C in the SC on reverse.)
laney
Denarius91BC.jpg
(501i) Roman Republic, D. Junius L.f. Silanus, 91 B.C.58 viewsSilver denarius, Syd 646a, RSC Junia 16, S 225 var, Cr 337/3 var, VF, 3.718g, 18.6mm, 0o, Rome mint, 91 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, X (control letter) behind; reverse Victory in a biga right holding reins in both hands, V (control numeral) above, D•SILANVS / ROMA in ex; mint luster in recesses. Ex FORVM.

Although the coin itself does not commemorate the event, the date this coin was struck is historically significant.

MARCUS Livius DRUSUS (his father was the colleague of Gaius Gracchus in the tribuneship, 122 B.C.), became tribune of the people in 91 B.C. He was a thoroughgoing conservative, wealthy and generous, and a man of high integrity. With some of the more intelligent members of his party (such as Marcus Scaurus and L. Licinius Crassus the orator) he recognized the need of reform. At that time an agitation was going on for the transfer of the judicial functions from the equites to the senate; Drusus proposed as a compromise a measure which restored to the senate the office of judices, while its numbers were doubled by the admission of 300 equites. Further, a special commission was to be appointed to try and sentence all judices guilty of taking bribes.

The senate was hesitant; and the equites, whose occupation was threatened, offered the most violent opposition. In order, therefore, to catch the popular votes, Drusus proposed the establishment of colonies in Italy and Sicily, and an increased distribution of corn at a reduced rate. By help of these riders the bill was carried.

Drusus now sought a closer alliance with the Italians, promising them the long coveted boon of the Roman franchise. The senate broke out into open opposition. His laws were abrogated as informal, and each party armed its adherents for the civil struggle which was now inevitable. Drusus was stabbed one evening as he was returning home. His assassin was never discovered (http://62.1911encyclopedia.org/D/DR/DRUSUS_MARCUS_LIVIUS.htm).

The ensuing "Social War" (91-88 B.C.) would set the stage for the "Civil Wars" (88-87 & 82-81 B.C.) featuring, notably, Marius & Sulla; two men who would make significant impressions on the mind of a young Julius Caesar. Caesar would cross the Rubicon not thirty years later.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
LPisoFrugiDenarius_S235.jpg
(502a) Roman Republic, L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, 90 B.C.157 viewsSilver denarius, S 235, Calpurnia 11, Crawford 340/1, Syd 663a, VF, rainbow toning, Rome mint, 3.772g, 18.5mm, 180o, 90 B.C. obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, scorpion behind; Reverse naked horseman galloping right holding palm, L PISO FRVGI and control number CXI below; ex-CNA XV 6/5/91, #443. Ex FORVM.


A portion of the following text is a passage taken from the excellent article “The Calpurnii and Roman Family History: An Analysis of the Piso Frugi Coin in the Joel Handshu Collection at the College of Charleston,” by Chance W. Cook:

In the Roman world, particularly prior to the inception of the principate, moneyers were allotted a high degree of latitude to mint their coins as they saw fit. The tres viri monetales, the three men in charge of minting coins, who served one-year terms, often emblazoned their coins with an incredible variety of images and inscriptions reflecting the grandeur, history, and religion of Rome. Yet also prominent are references to personal or familial accomplishments; in this manner coins were also a means by which the tres viri monetales could honor their forbearers. Most obvious from an analysis of the Piso Frugi denarius is the respect and admiration that Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who minted the coin, had for his ancestors. For the images he selected for his dies relate directly to the lofty deeds performed by his Calpurnii forbearers in the century prior to his term as moneyer. The Calpurnii were present at many of the watershed events in the late Republic and had long distinguished themselves in serving the state, becoming an influential and well-respected family whose defense of traditional Roman values cannot be doubted.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who was moneyer in 90 B.C., depicted Apollo on the obverse and the galloping horseman on the reverse, as does his son Gaius. However, all of L. Piso Frugi’s coins have lettering similar to “L-PISO-FRVGI” on the reverse, quite disparate from his son Gaius’ derivations of “C-PISO-L-F-FRV.”

Moreover, C. Piso Frugi coins are noted as possessing “superior workmanship” to those produced by L. Piso Frugi.

The Frugi cognomen, which became hereditary, was first given to L. Calpurnius Piso, consul in 133 B.C., for his integrity and overall moral virtue. Cicero is noted as saying that frugal men possessed the three cardinal Stoic virtues of bravery, justice, and wisdom; indeed in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, a synonym of frugalitas is bonus, generically meaning “good” but also implying virtuous behavior. Gary Forsythe notes that Cicero would sometimes invoke L. Calpurnius Piso’s name at the beginning of speeches as “a paragon of moral rectitude” for his audience.

L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi’s inclusion of the laureled head of Apollo, essentially the same obverse die used by his son Gaius (c. 67 B.C.), was due to his family’s important role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares, the Games of Apollo, which were first instituted in 212 B.C. at the height of Hannibal’s invasion of Italy during the Second Punic War. By that time, Hannibal had crushed Roman armies at Cannae, seized Tarentum and was invading Campania.

Games had been used throughout Roman history as a means of allaying the fears
of the populace and distracting them from issues at hand; the Ludi Apollinares were no different. Forsythe follows the traditional interpretation that in 211 B.C., when C. Calpurnius Piso was praetor, he became the chief magistrate in Rome while both consuls were absent and the three other praetors were sent on military expeditions against Hannibal.

At this juncture, he put forth a motion in the Senate to make the Ludi Apollinares a yearly event, which was passed; the Ludi Apollinares did indeed become an important festival, eventually spanning eight days in the later Republic. However, this interpretation is debatable; H.H. Scullard suggests that the games were not made permanent until 208 B.C. after a severe plague prompted the Senate to make them a fixture on the calendar. The Senators believed Apollo would serve as a “healing god” for the people of Rome.

Nonetheless, the Calpurnii obviously believed their ancestor had played an integral role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares and thus prominently displayed
the head or bust of Apollo on the obverse of the coins they minted.

The meaning of the galloping horseman found on the reverse of the L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi coin is more complicated. It is possible that this is yet another reference to the Ludi Apollinares. Chariot races in the Circus Maximus were a major component of the games, along with animal hunts and theatrical performances.

A more intriguing possibility is that the horseman is a reference to C. Calpurnius Piso, son of the Calpurnius Piso who is said to have founded the Ludi Apollinares. This C. Calpurnius Piso was given a military command in 186 B.C. to quell a revolt in Spain. He was victorious, restoring order to the province and also gaining significant wealth in the process.

Upon his return to Rome in 184, he was granted a triumph by the Senate and eventually erected an arch on the Capitoline Hill celebrating his victory. Of course
the arch prominently displayed the Calpurnius name. Piso, however, was not an infantry commander; he led the cavalry.

The difficulty in accepting C. Calpurnius Piso’s victory in Spain as the impetus for the galloping horseman image is that not all of C. Piso Frugi’s coins depict the horseman or cavalryman carrying the palm, which is a symbol of victory. One is inclined to believe that the victory palm would be prominent in all of the coins minted by C. Piso Frugi (the son of L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi) if it indeed signified the great triumph of C. Calpurnius Piso in 186 B.C. Yet the palm’s appearance is clearly not a direct reference to military feats of C. Piso Frugi’s day. As noted, it is accepted that his coins were minted in 67 B.C.; in that year, the major victory by Roman forces was Pompey’s swift defeat of the pirates throughout the Mediterranean.

Chrestomathy: Annual Review of Undergraduate Research at the College of Charleston. Volume 1, 2002: pp. 1-10© 2002 by the College of Charleston, Charleston SC 29424, USA.All rights to be retained by the author.
http://www.cofc.edu/chrestomathy/vol1/cook.pdf


There are six (debatably seven) prominent Romans who have been known to posterity as Lucius Calpurnius Piso:

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: (d. 261 A.D.) a Roman usurper, whose existence is
questionable, based on the unreliable Historia Augusta.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus: deputy Roman Emperor, 10 January 69 to15 January
69, appointed by Galba.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 27 A.D.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 1 B.C., augur

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 15 B.C., pontifex

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus: Consul in 58 B.C. (the uncle of Julius Caesar)

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: Moneyer in 90 B.C. (our man)


All but one (or two--if you believe in the existence of "Frugi the usurper" ca. 261 A.D.) of these gentlemen lack the Frugi cognomen, indicating they are not from the same direct lineage as our moneyer, though all are Calpurnii.

Calpurnius Piso Frugi's massive issue was intended to support the war against the Marsic Confederation. The type has numerous variations and control marks.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucius_Calpurnius_Piso
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=55&pos=0

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


2 commentsCleisthenes
CnCorneliusLentulusMarcellinusARDenariusSear323.jpg
(503f) Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Silver Denarius87 viewsCn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Silver Denarius, Sear-323, Cr-393/1a, Syd-752, RSC-Cornelia 54, struck 76-75 BC at Spanish Mint, 3.94 grams, 18 mm. EF. Obverse: GPR above Diademed, draped and bearded bust of the Genius of the Roman People facing right, sceptre over shoulder; Reverse: EX in left field, SC in right field; CN LEN Q in exergue, Sceptre with wreath, terrestrial globe and rudder. An exceptional example that is especially well centered and struck on a slightly larger flan than normally encountered with fully lustrous surfaces and a most attractive irridescent antique toning. Held back from the Superb EF/FDC by a small banker's mark in the right obverse field, but still worthy of the finest collection of Roman Republican denarii. Ex Glenn Woods.

Re: CORNELIA 54:

“Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus may be the same moneyer whose issues have been already described (no.s 702-704). Mommsen suggested that these coins were struck in 74 B.C. as a special issue, authorized by the Senate, to defray the cost of armaments against Mithridates of Pontus and the Mediterranean pirates. But Grueber’s view that they were struck in 76 B.C. by Cn. Cornelius Lentulus acting in the capacity of quaestor of Pompey, seems more in accordance with the evidence of finds" (see: G. ii, p. 359n and The Coinage of the Roman Republic, by Edward A. Sydenham, 1976, pgs. 1).

H. A. Seaby shows the coin with the smaller head (Roman Silver Coins Vol. I, Republic to Augustus pg. 33) while David R Sear shows a coin sporting a larger version (Roman Coins and Their Values, pg. 132).

“Cn. Lentulus strikes in Spain in his capacity as quaestor to the proconsul Pompey, who had been sent to the peninsula to assist Q. Caecillus Metellus Piusagainst sertorius”(Roman Coins and Their Values, by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg. 132).

This is not an imperatorial minted coin for Pompey. At the time these coins were minted the Procounsel Pompey was sent to Spain to aid in the war against Sertorius. The moneyer Cn Lentulus served as his Quaestor where he continued to mint coins for Rome.

CN = Cneaus; LEN = Lentulus

Cneaus was his first name. His last, or family name is Lentulus and this clan is a lesser clan within the Cornelii, which is what his middle name of Cornelius implies.

Q = This tells us that he was a Quaestor, or Roman magistrate with judicial powers at the time when the coin was issued, with the responsibility for the treasury. Had this been a position that he once held it would be noted on the coin as PROQ or pro [past] Questor.

For Further Reading on the Cornelia 54 & 55:

Coins of the Roman Republic in the British Museum, by H. A. Grueber. London, 1910, Vol. II, pgs. 358, 359, 52, 57

Roman Silver Coins Vol. I, Republic to Augustus, by H.A.Seaby 1952, pgs. 32-33

The Coinage of the Roman Republic, by Edward A. Sydenham, 1976, pgs. 122, 241

Roman Coins and Their Values, by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg. 132, 133

Roman Republican Coinage Volume I by Michael H. Crawford 2001, pg. 407

by Jerry Edward Cornelius, April 2006, THE 81 ROMAN COINS OF THE CORNELIA
http://www.cornelius93.com/Cornelia54.html
1 commentsCleisthenes
LonginusDenarius.jpg
(504c) Roman Republic, L. Cassius Longinus, 63 B.C.68 viewsSilver denarius, Crawford 413/1, RSC I Cassia 10, SRCV I 364, aVF, struck with worn dies, Rome mint, weight 3.867g, maximum diameter 20.3mm, die axis 0o, c. 63 B.C. Obverse: veiled bust of Vesta left, kylix behind, L before; Reverse: LONGIN III V, voter standing left, dropping tablet inscribed V into a cista.

The reverse of this Longinus denarius captures a fascinating moment when a Roman citizen casts his ballot. "The abbreviation III V [ir] indentifies Longinus as one of the three annually appointed mintmasters (officially called tres viri aere argento auro flando feriundo). A citizen is seen casting his vote into the urn. On the ballot is the letter 'U', short for uti rogas, a conventional formula indicating assent to a motion. The picture alludes to the law, requested by an ancestor of the mintmaster, which introduced the secret ballot in most proceedings of the popular court" (Meier, Christian. Caesar, a Biography. Berlin: Severin and Siedler, 1982. Plate 6).

The date that this denarius was struck possesses unique significance for another reason. Marcus Tullius Cicero (politician, philosopher, orator, humanist) was elected consul for the year 63 BC -- the first man elected consul who had no consular ancestors in more than 30 years. A "new man," Cicero was not the descendant of a "patrician" family, nor was his family wealthy (although Cicero married "well"). Cicero literally made himself the man he was by the power of the words he spoke and the way in which he spoke them. A witness to and major player during the decline of the Roman Republic, Cicero was murdered in 43 BC by thugs working for Marc Antony. But Cicero proved impossible to efface.

Cicero's words became part of the bed rock of later Roman education. As Peter Heather notes, every educated young man in the late Roman Empire studied "a small number of literary texts under the guidance of an expert in language and literary interpretation, the grammarian. This occupied the individual for seven or more years from about the age of eight, and concentrated on just four authors: Vergil, Cicero, Sallust and Terence" (Heather, Peter. The Fall of the Roman Empire: A New History of Rome and the Barbarians. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. 17).


Plutarch: Cicero's Death

But in the meantime the assassins were come with a band of soldiers, Herennius, a centurion, and Popillius, a tribune, whom Cicero had formerly defended when prosecuted for the murder of his father. Finding the doors shut, they broke them open, and Cicero not appearing, and those within saying they knew not where he was, it is stated that a youth, who had been educated by Cicero in the liberal arts and sciences, an emancipated slave of his brother Quintus, Philologus by name, informed the tribune that the litter was on its way to the sea through the close and shady walks. The tribune, taking a few with him, ran to the place where he was to come out. And Cicero, perceiving Herennius running in the walks, commanded his servants to set down the litter; and stroking his chin, as he used to do, with his left hand, he looked steadfastly upon his murderers, his person covered with dust, his beard and hair untrimmed, and his face worn with his troubles. So that the greatest part of those that stood by covered their faces whilst Herennius slew him. And thus was he murdered, stretching forth his neck out of the litter, being now in his sixty-fourth year. Herennius cut off his head, and, by Antony's command, his hands also, by which his Philippics were written; for so Cicero styled those orations he wrote against Antony, and so they are called to this day.

When these members of Cicero were brought to Rome, Antony was holding an assembly for the choice of public officers; and when he heard it, and saw them, he cried out, "Now let there be an end of our proscriptions." He commanded his head and hands to be fastened up over the rostra, where the orators spoke; a sight which the Roman people shuddered to behold, and they believed they saw there, not the face of Cicero, but the image of Antony's own soul. And yet amidst these actions he did justice in one thing, by delivering up Philologus to Pomponia, the wife of Quintus; who, having got his body into her power, besides other grievous punishments, made him cut off his own flesh by pieces, and roast and eat it; for so some writers have related. But Tiro, Cicero's emancipated slave, has not so much as mentioned the treachery of Philologus.

Translation by John Dryden: http://intranet.grundel.nl/thinkquest/moord_cicero_plu.html

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
rjb_2009_09_20.jpg
(VII)29627 viewsConstantine II
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the rear
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
Camp gate with two turrets, star between, pellet in doorway
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 296 note
mauseus
IMITATIVE OTTOMAN.jpg
*IMITATION OTTOMAN Cedid Mahmudiye967 viewsThis piece came in a bag of modern Foreign coins - 21 pounds! May be gold inside!!!
The dating did not seem right to me! From the experts at Zeno, I found a similar issue..... This attribution from Zeno:
Imitation of gold cedid mahmudiye (KM, Turkey #645) with distorted inscriptions and fantasy regnal year 78. Made for jewelry purposes throughout the 19th and early 20th century, very likely outside Turkey: similar imitations are met in abundance in South Russia and Ukraine, along the shores of Black and Azov seas, where they were widely used for adorning Gypsy and native Greek women's garments.

So, as you see, it is not exactly a FAKE or a COUNTERFEIT - it is an IMITATION, so the makers could not get into trouble. The regnal years alone would show that the coin was not "real" -

An interesting piece that may turn up from time to time!
dpaul7
MarcusNysaMerge3a.jpg
*Lydia, Nysa. Marcus Aurelius. Regling, Nysa 86 37 viewsÆ23. Lydia, Nysa. Marcus Aurelius (Caesar AD 136–161; Emperor 161–180), laureate head to r., cuirassed bust with paludamentum, back to viewer. ΑΥ ΚΑΙ ΑΝΤΩΝΕΙΝΟC or "Imperator Caesar Antoninus" Rev., Zeus seated, holding patera and long scepter. ΕΠ ΓΡ ΑΣΙΑΤΙΚΟΥ Κ[ΟΡΝ] ΝΥΣΑ[ΕΩΝ]. Asiatikos Korn(eliou), grammateus. Regling, Nysa 86; RPC IV (temporary №) 1455. Ex Collegium Josephinum Bonn 1-9-2010.

Same dies as RPC IV specimen: http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/1455/

*Note: Made a slight adjustment to image for brightness, contrast, and intensity.
Mark Fox
septnic.jpg
*Moesia, Nikopolis ad Istrum. Septimius Severus24 views Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum.
Septimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 17, 2.8g
obv. AV K - AI C - CEVHROC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. NIKOPOLI - T PROC ICT
Hygieia st.r., feeding snake in r. arm from patera in l. hand
AMNG 1384 var. not in Hristova/Jekov
rare
ancientone
ZeugInHandSideSmaller.jpg
...and another shot of the Carthaginian crusher63 viewsLooks a lot like a Reese's Peanut Butter Cup, doesn't it?

YUM!

ZEUGITANA, Carthage. 15 shekel.
AE45, 95.4g
circa 200 BC
Obverse: head of Tanit
Reverse: horse standing right, left foreleg up; above, radiate disc flanked by uraei

I don't have a reference book and the only other picture of one I've found is on the magnagraecia.nl site. Their list indicates four specimens known to them. Don't know if this is one of the four.
TIF
caracalla_ar-tet_12_9gr_sara-mizrahi_BIN_185_50%.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #438 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #4

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of Emperor facing right.
rev: Eagle standing facing, head left, tail left, holding wreath in beak. Prow of ship between legs.

Weight: 13.0 Grams
Size: 28 mm
--------------------------------------------------------
*Note: Wonderful portrait of the emperor on the obverse and the eagle on the reverse, I am very proud of this coin.
4 commentsrexesq
hadrian_tet_o-r.JPG
0 - Hadrian Silver Tetradrachm41 views-
--
Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm, 118 AD.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor Hadrian facing right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from the Front.
rev: Eagle, head left, body facing right, standing on thigh of sacrificial animal. Nothing in beak.

Weight: 14.1 Grams
Size: 28 mm x 27 mm

(Reference: Prieur 155a)
----
---
--
-
3 commentsrexesq
_AR-Tet_feb2012.jpg
0 - Roman Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria435 views~~~
Ancient Roman Empire

Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. RARE type.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor facing right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from behind.
rev: Eagle standing with body facing right, head and tail facing left, holding wreath in beak.
Greek letters to either side of eagle's head.
~~~~~
*notes: AMAZING PORTRAIT!!! Very Rare type, I have only ever seen ONE other example with this bust style.
~~~
~
1 commentsrexesq
vespasian_winged-caduceus_03.JPG
00 - Vespasian AR Denarius - Winged Caduceus.49 viewsEmperor Vespasian (AD 69 - 79)
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint AD 74

obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANUS AUG - Laureate head right.

rev: PON MAX TR P COS V - Winged Caduceus.

RIC 703

Note the detail on the heads of the snakes of the caduceus.
3 commentsrexesq
V539.jpg
00 Domitian as Caesar RIC 53991 viewsAR Denarius, 3.17g
Rome mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMITIAN COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: No legend; Domitian on horse l.; cloak flying out behind, r. hand raised, sceptre in l.
RIC 539 (R). BMC 122. RSC 665. BNC -.
Acquired from NumisCorner, June 2018.

This is the first denarius struck at Rome for Domitian as Caesar. Fittingly, it commemorates Domitian's appearance at Vespasian and Titus' joint Jewish War Triumph - 'while taking part in the Judaean triumph, he rode on a white horse' (Suetonius, Domitian, ii), which was the normal conduct for a young prince on such occasions. The type was struck in three variants: firstly, with a clockwise obverse legend and DOMITIAN fully spelled out, as we see here. Secondly, it was shortened to DOMIT, with the legend still running clockwise. Lastly, the legend direction was changed to counter clockwise with DOMIT. The first two variants are quite rare, the last relatively common. On this coin we see a cloak flying out from behind Domitian. This interesting detail only appears on a few coins from the first variant and does not show up on subsequent issues of the type. Most likely this variant with the cloak was the earliest version of the type which was then quickly simplified by dropping the cloak all together.

Well centred in good early style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
367Hadrian_RIC14.jpg
0002 Mule Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Concordia66 viewsReference.
RIC-; C. -;

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO AVG DIVI TRA
Laureate, cuirassed bust right, baldric strap over shoulder and across chest, seen from front

Rev. DIVI NER NEP PM TRP COS CONCORD in exergue.
Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, resting left elbow on statue of Spes, cornucopiae under chair

3.19 gr
20 mm
6h

Note.
Obv. like RIC 9c or BMC 17
Rev. like RIC 14 or BMC 33
4 commentsokidoki
380Hadrian.jpg
0003 Mule Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Justitia.48 viewsReference. Rare.
RIC -; BMC-; Strack p. 219, 41 (Vienna); RSC 883b.

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS. (P P missing)
Bare head, draped bust right.

Rev. IVSTITIA AVG COS III in ex.
Justitia seated left, patera in right, vertical long scepter in left.

3.52 gr
18 mm
6h
Note Curtis Clay.
Strack p. 219, 41 (Vienna) = RSC 883b.

Vienna also has a similar denarius with bust laureate, draped r.

These are mules from an old rev. die: the lack of P P in the obverse legend means that it should have been added to the rev. legend, but these coins are from one or more rev. dies that had been engraved before that change was made, and were later erroneously coupled with at least two of the new obv. dies without P P.
1 commentsokidoki
coins2.JPG
000c. Sextus Pompey76 viewsSextus Pompeius Magnus Pius, in English Sextus Pompey, was a Roman general from the late Republic (1st century BC). He was the last focus of opposition to the second triumvirate.

Sextus Pompeius was the youngest son of Pompey the Great (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) by his third wife, Mucia Tertia. His older brother was Gnaeus Pompeius, from the same mother. Both boys grew up in the shadow of their father, one of Rome's best generals and originally non-conservative politician who drifted to the more traditional faction when Julius Caesar became a threat.

When Caesar crossed the Rubicon in 49 BC, thus starting a civil war, Sextus' older brother Gnaeus followed their father in his escape to the East, as did most of the conservative senators. Sextus stayed in Rome in the care of his stepmother, Cornelia Metella. Pompey's army lost the battle of Pharsalus in 48 BC and Pompey himself had to run for his life. Cornelia and Sextus met him in the island of Mytilene and together they fled to Egypt. On the arrival, Sextus watched his father being killed by treachery on September 29 of the same year. After the murder, Cornelia returned to Rome, but in the following years Sextus joined the resistance against Caesar in the African provinces. Together with Metellus Scipio, Cato the younger, his brother Gnaeus and other senators, they prepared to oppose Caesar and his army to the end.

Caesar won the first battle at Thapsus in 46 BC against Metellus Scipio and Cato, who committed suicide. In 45 BC, Caesar managed to defeat the Pompeius brothers in the battle of Munda. Gnaeus Pompeius was executed, but young Sextus escaped once more, this time to Sicily.

Back in Rome, Julius Caesar was murdered on the Ides of March (March 15) 44 BC by a group of senators led by Cassius and Brutus. This incident did not lead to a return to normality, but provoked yet another civil war between Caesar's political heirs and his assassins. The second triumvirate was formed by Octavian, Mark Antony and Lepidus, with the intention of avenging Caesar and subduing all opposition. Sextus Pompeius in Sicily was certainly a rebellious man, but the Cassius and Brutus faction was the second triumvirate's first priority. Thus, with the whole island as his base, Sextus had the time and resources to develop an army and, even more importantly, a strong navy operated by Sicilian marines.

Brutus and Cassius lost the twin battles of Philippi and committed suicide in 42 BC. After this, the triumvirs turned their attentions to Sicily and Sextus.

But by this time, Sextus was prepared for strong resistance. In the following years, military confrontations failed to return a conclusive victory for either side and in 39 BC, Sextus and the triumvirs signed for peace in the Pact of Misenum. The reason for this peace treaty was the anticipated campaign against the Parthian Empire. Antony, the leader, needed all the legions he could get so it was useful to secure an armistice in the Sicilian front. The peace did not last for long. Octavian and Antony's frequent quarrels were a strong political motivation for resuming the war against Sextus. Octavian tried again to conquer Sicily, but he was defeated in the naval battle of Messina (37 BC) and again in August 36 BC. But by then, Octavian had Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a very talented general, on his side. Only a month afterwards, Agrippa destroyed Sextus' navy off Naulochus cape. Sextus escaped to the East and, by abandoning Sicily, lost all his base of support.

Sextus Pompeius was caught in Miletus in 35 BC and executed without trial (an illegal act since Sextus was a Roman citizen) by order of Marcus Titius, Antony's minion. His violent death would be one of the weapons used by Octavian against Antony several years later, when the situation between the two became unbearable.

Sicilian Mint
Magn above laureate Janiform head
PIVS above, IMP below, prow of galley right
Sear RCV 348, RPC 671, Sydenham 1044a, Cohen 16
43-36 BC

Check
ecoli
RI 001a img.jpg
001 - Augustus As (as Ceasar under Augustus) - RIC 230105 viewsÆ As.
Obv:– CAESAR PONT MAX, Laureate bust right. “CCARN" in circle in countermark.
Rev:– ROM ET AVG; Front elevation of the Altar in Lyon, decorated with the corona civica between laurels, these being made by nude male figures, usually stylized, to left and right, Victories on columns facing one another.
Minted in Lugdunum. B.C. 15 to B.C. 10.
Ref:– BMC 550. RIC I Augustus 230

Rare countermark
1 commentsmaridvnvm
liciniusII1.jpg
001 - Licinius II (Caesar 317-324 AD), AE 3 - RIC 162 var. unlisted81 viewsObv: LICINIVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SAECVLI FELICITAS, wreath inscribed AVG on cippus decorated with garland, P - R in field.
Minted in Rome (RQ in exe), Officina 5, 318-319 AD.

RIC 162 var. with wreath instead of shield on rev is unlisted, but not previously unknown.
3 commentspierre_p77
liviadupondius.JPG
001. Livia as Salus Dupondius144 viewsLivia, wife of Augustus. AE Dupondius. Rome mint, 22-23AD.
Obv. Draped bust of Livia as Salus, hair in knot behind head SALVS AVGVSTA.
Rev. Large SC, legend around TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVG TR POT XXIIII.
BMC 82, RCV 1740. RCV F: £175. VF £450. gVF.
1 commentsLordBest
0015.jpg
0015 - Denarius Annia 82-1 BC59 viewsObv/C ANNI T F T N PRO COS EX S C, draped bust of Anna Perenna r., hair in a knot, winged caduceus behind, scale before, dot below.
Rev/Victory in galloping quadriga r., Q above, L FABI L F HISP in ex.

Ag, 19.2mm, 3.82g
Moneyer: Annius Luscus, L Fabius Hispaniensis.
Mint: Hispania.
RRC 366/1b [dies o/r: 18/(20)] - Syd.748a - BMCRR 352 - - Cohen Annia 1 - Calicó 116 - RCV 289 - RSC Annia 2a
ex-Kuenker, auction 124, lot 8326
1 commentsdafnis
Byzantine2.jpg
002 - Maurice Tiberius (582-602 AD), tremissis - Sear 48850 viewsObv: D N TIbERI PP AVG. diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: --NTORI -AVRI AVG, cross potent.
Minted in Constantinople (CONOB in exe).

Note the rev. inscription that seems to be misspelled, it should read VICTORI MAVRI AVG.
pierre_p77
0020.jpg
0020 - Denarius Hadrian 137 AC14 viewsObv/HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP, Hadrian laureate head r.
Rev/MONETA AVG, Moneta standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

Ag, 18.7mm, 3.27g
Mint: Rome.
RIC III/256 [C] - RCV3507 - BMCRE677 (nota) - RSC965
ex-Jean Elsen et Fils, auction 91, lot 249
dafnis
Aigina_turtle.jpg
002a, Aigina, Islands off Attica, Greece, c. 510 - 490 B.C.84 viewsSilver stater, S 1849, SNG Cop 503, F, 12.231g, 22.3mm, Aigina (Aegina) mint, c. 510 - 490 B.C.; Obverse: sea turtle (with row of dots down the middle); Reverse: incuse square of “Union Jack” pattern; banker's mark obverse. Ex FORVM.


Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson

Turtles, the archaic currency of Aegina, are among the most sought after of all ancient coins. Their early history is somewhat of a mystery. At one time historians debated whether they or the issuances of Lydia were the world's earliest coins. The source of this idea comes indirectly from the writings of Heracleides of Pontus, a fourth century BC Greek scholar. In the treatise Etymologicum, Orion quotes Heracleides as claiming that King Pheidon of Argos, who died no later than 650 BC, was the first to strike coins at Aegina. However, archeological investigations date the earliest turtles to about 550 BC, and historians now believe that this is when the first of these intriguing coins were stamped.

Aegina is a small, mountainous island in the Saronikon Gulf, about midway between Attica and the Peloponnese. In the sixth century BC it was perhaps the foremost of the Greek maritime powers, with trade routes throughout the eastern half of the Mediterranean. It is through contacts with Greeks in Asia Minor that the idea of coinage was probably introduced to Aegina. Either the Lydians or Greeks along the coast of present day Turkey were most likely the first to produce coins, back in the late seventh century. These consisted of lumps of a metal called electrum (a mixture of gold and silver) stamped with an official impression to guarantee the coin was of a certain weight. Aegina picked up on this idea and improved upon it by stamping coins of (relatively) pure silver instead electrum, which contained varying proportions of gold and silver. The image stamped on the coin of the mighty sea power was that of a sea turtle, an animal that was plentiful in the Aegean Sea. While rival cities of Athens and Corinth would soon begin limited manufacture of coins, it is the turtle that became the dominant currency of southern Greece. The reason for this is the shear number of coins produced, estimated to be ten thousand yearly for nearly seventy years. The source for the metal came from the rich silver mines of Siphnos, an island in the Aegean. Although Aegina was a formidable trading nation, the coins seemed to have meant for local use, as few have been found outside the Cyclades and Crete. So powerful was their lure, however, that an old proverb states, "Courage and wisdom are overcome by Turtles."

The Aeginean turtle bore a close likeness to that of its live counterpart, with a series of dots running down the center of its shell. The reverse of the coin bore the imprint of the punch used to force the face of the coin into the obverse turtle die. Originally this consisted of an eight-pronged punch that produced a pattern of eight triangles. Later, other variations on this were tried. In 480 BC, the coin received its first major redesign. Two extra pellets were added to the shell near the head of the turtle, a design not seen in nature. Also, the reverse punch mark was given a lopsided design.

Although turtles were produced in great quantities from 550 - 480 BC, after this time production dramatically declines. This may be due to the exhaustion of the silver mines on Siphnos, or it may be related to another historical event. In 480 BC, Aegina's archrival Athens defeated Xerxes and his Persian armies at Marathon. After this, it was Athens that became the predominant power in the region. Aegina and Athens fought a series of wars until 457 BC, when Aegina was conquered by its foe and stripped of its maritime rights. At this time the coin of Aegina changed its image from that of the sea turtle to that of the land tortoise, symbolizing its change in fortunes.

The Turtle was an object of desire in ancient times and has become so once again. It was the first coin produced in Europe, and was produced in such great quantities that thousands of Turtles still exist today. Their historical importance and ready availability make them one of the most desirable items in any ancient coin enthusiast's collection.

(Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson .
1 commentsCleisthenes
coin179.JPG
002a. Agrippa 54 viewsAgrippa

A close friend of Octavian (later Emperor Augustus), he won a name in the wars in Gaul before becoming consul in 37 He organized Octavian's fleet and is generally given much credit for the defeat (36 ) of Sextus Pompeius in the naval battles at Mylae and Naulochus (N Sicily). Agrippa took part in the war against Antony, and his naval operations were the basis of Octavian's decisive victory at Actium in 31 He was perhaps the most trusted of all Augustus' lieutenants and rendered many services, notably in putting down disorders in both the East and West. His third wife was Augustus' daughter Julia.

AS. M AGRIPPA L F COS III Head left, wearing rostral crown. / Neptune standing, head left, S C at sides.

It seems like the quality and price of Agrippa coins run the whole spectrum...I think a decent example can be had for as little as $20. This is a bit more than that but I am happy with the quality of the metal and portrait.
ecoli
141149.jpg
002c. Gaius and Lucius Caesars65 viewsJulia, daughter of Augustus, who has had no child by Marcellus (she is only sixteen when he dies), is married to Agrippa, a soldier who has long been the emperor's most trusted supporter. They have two sons, Gaius and Lucius, born in 20 and 17 BC. The boys are adopted by the emperor. The intention now, if Augustus dies, is that Agrippa should rule until one of these grandsons is of an age to take control. But Agrippa dies in 12 BC.

Julia has had a total of five children by Agrippa (the two sons adopted by the emperor, two daughters, and another posthumous son, Agrippa Posthumus). She now has one son by Tiberius, but the child dies in infancy.

By 6 BC it is evident that Tiberius is being set aside. Julia refuses to live with him, and her eldest son Gaius (at the age of fourteen) is given a nominal high appointment as consul. Gaius and Lucius Caesar, grandsons and adopted sons of the emperor, are now clearly the family members in line for the succession. But they die young, Lucius Caesar in AD 2 and then Gaius in AD 4.

LYDIA, Magnesia ad Sipylum. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. Æ 19mm (4.93 g). Jugate heads of Augustus and Livia right / Confronted heads of Gaius and Lucius Caesars. RPC 2449. Fair. Rare. Ex-Cng
ecoli
Augustus_AE-Semis_VIC-AVG_COHOR-PRAE-PHIL_Phillipi-Macedon_SNG-Cop-305_Q-001_h_18mm_0_00g-s.jpg
002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), (Time of Claudius or Nero, circa AD 41-68.??? ), Macedon, Phillipi, RPC I 1651, AE-18, (AE Semis), COHOR-PRAE-PHIL, Three military standards,108 views002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), (Time of Claudius or Nero, circa AD 41-68.??? ), Macedon, Phillipi, RPC I 1651, AE-18, (AE Semis), COHOR-PRAE-PHIL, Three military standards,
Augustus Macedon Phillipi Æ18 / Struck to Commemorate the Battle of Actium
avers:- VIC-AVG, Nike standing left holding wreath and palm branch.
revers:- COHOR-PRAE-PHIL, Three military standards.
exe: VIC/AVG//--, diameter:18mm, weight: , axis: h,
mint: Macedon, Phillipi, Pseudo-autonomous issue, date: Time of Claudius or Nero, circa AD 41-68., ref: RPC I 1651, SNG ANS 677; SNG Copenhagen 305, BMC 23, SGI 32.
Q-001
"This coin has traditionally been attributed to Augustus, but due to its copper composition, RPC attributes it as likely from Claudius to Nero; Philippi probably did not issue copper coins during the reign of Augustus."
1 commentsquadrans
coin222.JPG
003. Tiberius (14 AD - 37 AD)68 viewsTiberius.

Hard and secretive by nature and embittered by the neglect with which his step- father allowed him to be treated, he did not arouse personal enthusiasm, and until recently was described by historians as a bloody tyrant. It is only during the last sixty years that he has been more fairly judged, and at present the opinion begins to prevail that he was a genuine Roman, a ruler faithful to his duties, just, wise, and self-contained. The strong opposition which grew up against him was due to his taciturn and domineering disposition, and to the influence of the prefect of the guard, Ælius Sejanus, who alone possessed his confidence.

Lugdunum mint. TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / PONTIF MAXIM, Livia, as Pax, seated right, holding olive branch & long scepter RSC 16a. Ex Calgary
ecoli
996Hadrian_Strack3_eastern.jpg
004 Hadrian Denarius 117 AD Trajan and Hadrian standing vis-à-vis eastern mint34 viewsReference.
Strack *3; Paris 4616

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO AVG DIVI TRA
Laureate, cuirassed bust right, baldric strap over shoulder and across chest, seen from front.

Rev. PARTHIC DIVI TRAIAN AVG F P M TR P COS P P ADOPTIO in exergue
Trajan holding with both hands, Hadrian's right hand; left hand on hip

2.73 gr
18 mm
6h

Note.
This early series celebrates the adoption of Hadrian by Trajan, therefore legitimizing Hadrian's succession to the people.
on Rome Mint Trajan or both would hold a volumen/rolls
2 commentsokidoki
coin188.JPG
005. CLAUDIUS 41 AD - 54 AD53 viewsCLAUDIUS. 41-54 AD.

I, Claudius was a very sympathetic treatment of Claudius; nevertheless, along with Claudius the God, those books hold a special place in my library. Without those books, I would not have taken an interest in the classics in high school, and subsequently, ancient coins. Certainly Claudius was not a saint; nor good as we define a person now; but given the circumstances and the unlimited power he weld, few of us could have done it better.

Æ As (9.50 gm). Bare head left / Libertas standing right, holding pileus. RIC I 113; BMCRE 202; Cohen 47. Ex-CNG
1 commentsecoli
coin255~0.JPG
005. Constantius Gallus constantinople Fel Temp9 viewsUnlisted in RIC. Ric does not record any C. Gallus with field marks of B*ecoli
165Hadrian__RIC10.jpg
0058 Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Fortuna54 viewsReference
Strack 14; RIC III, 58; C. 749a; BMC 20; RIC II, 10

Bust B1

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO AVG DIVI TRA
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, balteus strap over shoulder and across chest.

Rev. PARTH F DIVI NER NEP P M TR P COS
Fortuna, veiled, enthroned left, rudder in right hand, cornucopiae in left, FORT RED in exergue.

2.48 gr
19 mm
12h

Note.
"Imp(eratori) Caes(ari) Traian(o) Hadriano Aug(usto) Divi Tra(iani) / Parth(ici) f(ilio) Divi Ner(vae) nep(oti) p(ontifici) m(aximo) tr(ibunicia) p(otestate) co(n)s(uli) Fort(unae) red(uci)"
okidoki
V0904-0002.jpg
005b. Britannicus126 viewsBritannicus (son of Claudius) AE17. Ionia, Smyrna

Britannicus (41 - 55 A.D.) was the son of the Roman emperor Claudius and his third wife Messalina. His original name was "Germanicus" but was changed in honor of his father's conquest of Britain in 43 AD.

Nobody is sure why Claudius made Nero his successor and not Britannicus, although the fact that Britannicus may have been Caligula's son is a factor. Britannicus was killed by (partisans of) his step-brother (and brother-in-law) Nero so that Nero could become emperor of Rome.

His sister Octavia is the heroine of the play written at some time after the death of Nero. It's title is titled her name, but its central message is the wrong done to the Claudian house because of the wrong done to its last male member and its last hope.

Britannicus. Before 54 AD. AE 17mm (4.31 g), Minted at Ionia, Smyrna. Bare head right 'ZMYP' below bust / Nike flying right. cf S(GIC) 516. Scarce. Some dirt and patina chipping.

ecoli73
5514.jpg
005d. Agrippina II89 viewsLYDIA, Hypaepa. Agrippina Jr., mother of Nero. Augusta, 50-59 AD. Æ 14mm (2.33 gm). Draped bust of Agrippina right / Cult statue of Artemis. RPC I 2541; SNG Copenhagen -.

Julia Vipsania Agrippina Minor or Agrippina Minor (Latin for "the younger") (November 7, AD 15 – March 59), often called "Agrippinilla" to distinguish her from her mother, was the daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina Major. She was sister of Caligula, granddaughter and great-niece to Tiberius, niece and wife of Claudius, and the mother of Nero. She was born at Oppidum Ubiorum on the Rhine, afterwards named in her honour Colonia Agrippinae (modern Cologne, Germany).

Agrippina was first married to (1st century AD) Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus. From this marriage she gave birth to Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, who would become Roman Emperor Nero. Her husband died in January, 40. While still married, Agrippina participated openly in her brother Caligula's decadent court, where, according to some sources, at his instigation she prostituted herself in a palace. While it was generally agreed that Agrippinilla, as well as her sisters, had ongoing sexual relationships with their brother Caligula, incest was an oft-used criminal accusation against the aristocracy, because it was impossible to refute successfully. As Agrippina and her sister became more problematic for their brother, Caligula sent them into exile for a time, where it is said she was forced to dive for sponges to make a living. In January, 41, Agrippina had a second marriage to the affluent Gaius Sallustius Crispus Passienus. He died between 44 and 47, leaving his estate to Agrippina.

As a widow, Agrippina was courted by the freedman Pallas as a possible marriage match to her own uncle, Emperor Claudius, and became his favourite councillor, even granted the honor of being called Augusta (a title which no other queen had ever received). They were married on New Year's Day of 49, after the death of Claudius's first wife Messalina. Agrippina then proceeded to persuade Claudius to adopt her son, thereby placing Nero in the line of succession to the Imperial throne over Claudius's own son, Brittanicus. A true Imperial politician, Agrippina did not reject murder as a way to win her battles. Many ancient sources credited her with poisoning Claudius in 54 with a plate of poisened mushrooms, hence enabling Nero to quickly take the throne as emperor.

For some time, Agrippina influenced Nero as he was relatively ill-equipped to rule on his own. But Nero eventually felt that she was taking on too much power relative to her position as a woman of Rome. He deprived her of her honours and exiled her from the palace, but that was not enough. Three times Nero tried to poison Agrippina, but she had been raised in the Imperial family and was accustomed to taking antidotes. Nero had a machine built and attached to the roof of her bedroom. The machine was designed to make the ceiling collapse — the plot failed with the machine. According to the historians Tacitus and Suetonius, Nero then plotted her death by sending for her in a boat constructed to collapse, intending to drown Agrippina. However, only some of the crew were in on the plot; their efforts were hampered by the rest of the crew trying to save the ship. As the ship sank, one of her handmaidens thought to save herself by crying that she was Agrippina, thinking they would take special care of her. Instead the maid was instantly beaten to death with oars and chains. The real Agrippina realised what was happening and in the confusion managed to swim away where a passing fisherman picked her up. Terrified that his cover had been blown, Nero instantly sent men to charge her with treason and summarily execute her. Legend states that when the Emperor's soldiers came to kill her, Agrippina pulled back her clothes and ordered them to stab her in the belly that had housed such a monstrous son.

ecoli
coin191.JPG
006. Nero (54 AD - 68 AD) 47 viewsNero, last of the Julio-Claudians, had been placed in the difficult position of absolute authority at a young age coupled with the often-contradictory efforts of those in a position to manipulate him. Augustus, however, had not been much older when he began his bid for power, and so a great deal of the responsibility for Nero's conduct must also rest with the man himself. Nero's reign was not without military operations (e.g., the campaigns of Corbulo against the Parthians, the suppression of the revolt of Boudicca in Britain), but his neglect of the armies was a critical error.

Nero As, 26x27 mm, 10.0 g. Obverse: Nero laureate right, NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP. Reverse: Temple of Janus, with latticed window to left and closed double doors to right, PACE PR VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT, SC.

Check
1 commentsecoli
4140400.jpg
006a. Claudia16 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Nero, with Claudia. AD 54-68. BI Tetradrachm (22mm, 10.74 g, 12h). Dated RY 3 (AD 56/57). Laureate head of Nero right / Draped bust of Claudia Octavia right; L Γ (date) below chin. Köln 122-4; Dattari (Savio) 190; K&G 14.7; RPC I 5202; Emmett 127.3. Near VF. Ex - CNG

Furthermore, the carefully contrived marriage between Octavia and Nero was a disaster on a personal level. Nero soon embarked on a serious relationship with a freedman named Acte, and more importantly developed an active dislike for his wife. "Quickly feeling aversion to intimacy with Octavia, he replied to his friends who were finding fault with him that she ought to be satisfied with the outward trappings of a wife." This antipthy was not likely to produce offspring who would unite the Julian and Claudian lines. By 58 Nero was becoming involved with a freeborn mistress, Poppaea, whom he would want to make his empress in exchange for Octavia. But the legitimacy of his principate derived from his relationship with his predecessor, and he was not so secure that he could do without the connection with Claudius provided through his mother and his wife. In 59 he was able to arrange for Agrippina's death, but it was not until 62 that he felt free to divorce Octavia and marry Poppaea. The initial grounds for putting Octavia aside was the charge that she was barren because she had had no children. But a more aggressive attack was needed when opposition arose from those who still challenged Nero's prncipate and remained loyal to Octavia as the last representative of her family. With the connivance of Poppaea, charges of adultery were added, Octavia was banished to Campania and then to the island of Pandataria off the coast, and finally killed. Her severed head was sent to Rome.
2 commentsecoli
coins211.JPG
006a. Nero / Poppaea31 viewsAlexandria, Egypt: Nero / Poppaea

Poppaea was married first to Rufrius Crispinus, then to the future (brief) emperor Otho. When Poppaea became mistress of the emperor Nero, Otho's friend, Nero appointed Otho to an important post as governor of Lusitai. Nero married Poppaea, and Poppaea was given the title Augusta. Poppaea and Nero had a daughter, Claudia, who did not live long. Poppaea urged Nero to kill his mother, Agrippina the Younger, and to divorce and later murder his first wife, Octavia. She is also reported to have persuaded Nero to kill the philosopher Seneca, who had supported Nero's previous mistress, Acte Claudia. Nero supposedly kicked her when she was pregnant in 65 C.E. and she died.

Billon tetradrachm, AD 54-68 (year 10 = AD 64) . 11.79gm, 24mm. Radiate head of Nero right / Bust of Poppaea right. Emmett 128 (10); Milne 218. F+ with some corrosion on reverse. Purchased from C. & L. Deland in 1973.
ecoli
99101.jpg
007. Galba (68 AD - 69 AD)154 viewsGALBA. 68-69 AD.

Galba had displayed talent and ambition during his lengthy career. He enjoyed distinguished ancestry, moved easily among the Julio-Claudian emperors (with the exception of Nero towards the end of his principate), and had been awarded the highest military and religious honors of ancient Rome. His qualifications for the principate cannot be questioned. Even so, history has been unkind to him. Tacitus characterized Galba as "weak and old," a man "equal to the imperial office, if he had never held it." To be sure, Galba's greatest mistake lay in his general handling of the military. His treatment of the army in Upper Germany was heedless, his policy towards the praetorians short sighted. Given the climate in 68-69, Galba was unrealistic in expecting disciplina without paying the promised rewards.

AR Denarius (18mm, 2.97 gm). Rome mint. Bare head right / Legend in three lines within oak wreath. RIC I 167; RSC 287. Ex-CNG
2 commentsecoli73
0085.jpg
0085 - Denarius Septimius Severus 195 AC34 viewsObv/L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP V, laureate head of Septimius r.
Rev/PM TR P III COS II PP, Apollo standing l. holding patera and lyre.

Ag, 18.0mm, 2.81g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IVa/59 [S] - BMCRE V/110 var. (note p.39) - Cohen 389
ex-CGB, art #brm_079892
dafnis
99104.jpg
009. Vitellius 69 AD155 viewsVITELLIUS. 69 AD.

Without doubt, the most fortuitous moment in Vitellius' political career was his appointment as governor of Lower Germany by the emperor Galba late in 68.

Vitellius has not escaped the hostility of his biographers. While he may well have been gluttonous, his depiction as indolent, cruel, and extravagant is based almost entirely on the propaganda of his enemies. On the other hand, whatever moderating tendencies he did show were overshadowed by his clear lack of military expertise, a deficiency that forced him to rely in critical situations on largely inneffective lieutenants. As a result he was no match for his Flavian successors, and his humiliating demise was perfectly in keeping with the overall failure of his reign.

AR Denarius (20mm, 3.24 gm). Rome mint. Laureate head right / Tripod-lebes; dolphin above, raven below. RIC I 109; RSC 111. Ex-Cng
1 commentsecoli73
Augustus_RIC_167aBlack.jpg
01 Augustus RIC 167a65 viewsAugustus 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum Mint. 15 - 13 B.C. (3,71 gr) Obv: AVGVSTVS DIVI F, Bare head right. Rev: in ex. IMP X, Bull butting right.
RIC 167a, RSC 137, Sear 1610.

Ex: Poinsignon Numismatique

This coin has great beauty in its simplicity and it's also a great example of propaganda. Divi F (filius) means that Octavianus is not only Augustus but also the son of a god.
2 commentsPaddy
100_6447.JPG
01 Constantius II75 viewsConstantius II AE3. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, hair in a topknot, reaching, ALEGamma in ex. Alexandria 82 var (headwear)Randygeki(h2)
IMG_3870.jpg
01 Constantius II40 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
TEMP-REPARATIO , soldier spearing fallen horseman, bare head, reaching (headwear/hairstyle not in RIC)
ALEA / M in left field
Alexandria 84
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
V669a.jpg
01 Domitian as Caesar RIC 66927 viewsÆ As, 11.05g
Rome mint, 73-74 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PAX AVGVST; S C in field; Pax stg. l., leaning on column, with caduceus and branch
RIC 669 (C). BMC -. BNC 699.
Acquired from Musa Numismatics, August 2019.

The propaganda value of Pax for the Flavian dynasty after the Civil War, the revolt of Civilis, and the Jewish War cannot be underestimated. In her various guises she is one of the most popular types on Vespasian's coinage and shows up quite frequently during the reign on the coins struck for both himself and his sons. This As struck for Domitian as Caesar shows Pax leaning on a column, which likely copies a well known cult image of the goddess.

Tellingly, less than a decade later, Pax would not feature so prominently on Domitian's own coinage as Emperor.

Fine style early portrait.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
2620274.jpg
01 Julius Caesar, Captives19 viewsJulius Caesar. AR Denarius. Military mint traveling with Caesar in Spain. c. 46-45 B.C. (3.71g, 19.5mm, 6h). Obv: Diademed head of Venus right, Cupid on shoulder. Rev: Gallia seated in attitude of mourning and a Gaulish male captive, hands bound, seated beneath trophy, possibly Vercingetorix. CAESAR in Exergue. RSC 13. Craw. 468/1.

This type was minted during Caesar’s final campaign against Pompeian forces in Spain. The obverse refers to Caesar's mythical descent from the goddess Venus. The reverse refers to Caesar's victories in Gaul and the male Gaulish captive may be Vercingetorix. Not perfect, but well centered, a good state of preservation, with a clear CAESAR on the reverse.
Lucas H
Cuadrante AUGUSTO RIC 443var.jpg
01-40 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)78 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 18 mm 2.7 gr.
4 Legados Monetarios fueron designados cada año en 5 y 4 A.C., aunque curiosamente continuaron labrándose “triunviro III VIR”. Las cuñaciones en 5 A.C. (Legados APRONIUS, GALUS, MESSALLA y SISENNA) son desconcertantemente complejas, exhibiendo una multiplicidad de combinaciones de los cuatro nombres en anverso y reverso.

Anv: "MESSALLA SISENNA III VIR" - Leyenda alrededor de un yunque o altar.
Rev: "GALVS APRONIVS A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Las leyendas NO coinciden con las listadas en toda la Bibliografía que poseo, solo en RIC Vol.1 Nota de pié de página 77 menciona que CBN #777/8 lista 2 "imitaciones" con la leyenda coincidente con esta moneda, al no lucir como imitaciones RIC las atribuye a simples confusiones de los acuñadores al permutar las leyendas
Acuñada 5 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #447 var Pag.77 - CBN #777/8 (Como Imitaciones) - Sear RCTV #1699-1702 var Pag.333/4 - Cohen Vol.1 #420/25 var Pag.122 - DVM #110 var Pag.71 - BMCRE #258n
mdelvalle
RIC_I_447_Cuadrante_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-40 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)24 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 18 mm 2.7 gr.
4 Legados Monetarios fueron designados cada año en 5 y 4 A.C., aunque curiosamente continuaron labrándose “triunviro III VIR”. Las cuñaciones en 5 A.C. (Legados APRONIUS, GALUS, MESSALLA y SISENNA) son desconcertantemente complejas, exhibiendo una multiplicidad de combinaciones de los cuatro nombres en anverso y reverso.

Anv: "MESSALLA SISENNA III VIR" - Leyenda alrededor de un yunque o altar.
Rev: "GALVS APRONIVS A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Las leyendas NO coinciden con las listadas en toda la Bibliografía que poseo, solo en RIC Vol.1 Nota de pié de página 77 menciona que CBN #777/8 lista 2 "imitaciones" con la leyenda coincidente con esta moneda, al no lucir como imitaciones RIC las atribuye a simples confusiones de los acuñadores al permutar las leyendas

Acuñada 5 A.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #447 var Pag.77 - CBN #777/8 (Como Imitaciones) - Sear RCTV #1699-1702 var Pag.333/4 - Cohen Vol.1 #420/25 var Pag.122 - DVM #110 var Pag.71 - BMCRE #258n
mdelvalle
1-Maximinus-I-RIC-06.jpg
01. Maximinus I / RIC 6.26 viewsDenarius, 238 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM / Laureate bust of Maximinus.
Reverse: P M TR P IIII COS P P / The emperor standing between two standards, holding spear and raising right hand.
2.62 gm., 19.5 mm.
RIC #6; Sear 8314.

This coin dates from January 1 to March 19, 238, at which time Gordian I was proclaimed emperor and the mint at Rome stopped coining for Maximinus. It was not until June 24, however, that he was murdered by his soldiers.
1 commentsCallimachus
01_3_01var__István_I_,_(997-1038_A_D_),_AR-Denarius,_CÁC_I__1_3_01var_,_H-001,_U-001,_CNH_I_-001,_Q-001,_2h,_16,5mm,_0,7g-s.jpg
01.3.01v. István I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 01.3.01var., H-001, U-001, CNH I.-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, #01142 views01.3.01v. István I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 01.3.01var., H-001, U-001, CNH I.-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, #01
avers: + STEPHANVS•REX• (+ STEPNANVS•REX•, the first dot not behind the S but over the S interesting new legend variation !), Cross within a pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
reverse: + REGIA CIVITAS (REGIA CIVITVS, "V" instead of "A"!), Cross within a pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 16,0-16,5 mm, weight: 0,70 g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-001, Unger-001, CNH I.-001,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 01.3.01var.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
coin214.JPG
010. Vespasian 69 AD - 79 AD36 viewsVespasian

The character of this emperor showed very little, if anything, of the pagan tyrant. Though himself a man of no literary culture, he became the protector of his prisoner of war, the Jewish historian Josephus, a worshipper of the One God, and even permitted him the use of his own family name (Flavius). While this generosity may have been in some degree prompted by Josephus's shrewd prophecy of Vespasian's elevation to the purple, there are other instances of his disposition to reward merit in those with whom he was by no means personally sympathetic. Vespasian has the distinction of being the first Roman Emperor to transmit the purple to his own son; he is also noteworthy in Roman imperial history as having very nearly completed his seventieth year and died a natural death: being in feeble health, he had withdrawn to benefit by the purer air of his native Reate, in the "dewy fields" (rosei campi) of the Sabine country. By his wife, Flavia Domitilla, he left two sons, Titus and Domitian, and a daughter, Domitilla, through whom the name of Vespasian's empress was passed on to a granddaughter who is revered as a confessor of the Faith.

A man of strict military discipline and simple tastes, Vespasian proved to be a conscientious and generally tolerant administrator. More importantly, following the upheavals of A.D. 68-69, his reign was welcome for its general tranquility and restoration of peace. In Vespasian Rome found a leader who made no great breaks with tradition, yet his ability ro rebuild the empire and especially his willingness to expand the composition of the governing class helped to establish a positive working model for the "good emperors" of the second century. In contrast to his immediate imperial predecessors, Vespasian died peacefully - at Aquae Cutiliae near his birthplace in Sabine country on 23 June, A.D. 79, after contracting a brief illness. The occasion is said to have inspired his deathbed quip: "Oh my, I must be turning into a god!"

Denarius. IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right / VES-TA to either side of Vesta standing left, holding simpulum & scepter. RSC 574
ecoli
Claudius_TI-CLAVDIVS-CAESAR-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IMP____EX-S-C-P-P-OB-CIVES-SERVATOS_RIC-I-112_C-38_Q-001_34-36mm_23,63g-s.jpg
012 Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), RIC I 112var. (?), Thracian ?, AE-Sestertius, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS, Rare !!!,369 views012 Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), RIC I 112var. (?), Thracian ?, AE-Sestertius, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS, Rare !!!,
Claudius became “Father of the Country” in 50 AD, and this title was added to the coinage, at the end of the legend, with it’s abbreviation: PP. The reverse legend translates to “For Saving the Lives of Citizens.
avers:- TI-CLAVDIVS-CAESAR-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IMP-P-P, laureate head of Claudius right
revers:- No legend - Wreath, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS within,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 34-36mm, weight: 23,63g, axis:11h,
mint:Thracian ?, date: 50-54 A.D., ref: RIC-I-112, C-38,
Q-001
"RIC is in error to state that P P only appeared on Claudius' bronze coins in 50 AD. In fact Claudius became P P very early in 42 AD, and P P appeared immediately not only on his quadrantes, which are specifically dated to 42 by the title COS II, but also on his sestertii and middle bronzes.
Stylistically your coin should not be attributed to Rome, but to a Thracian mint perhaps active only towards the end of the reign. These coins, scarcer than the Rome-mint ones, are not recognized in RIC!" by Curtis Clay. Thank you "curtisclay".
5 commentsquadrans
Claudius_AE-Sest_TI-CLAVDIVS-CAESAR-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IMP-P-P_EX-S-C-P-P-OB-CIVES-SERVATOS_RIC-I-112_C-38_Q-001_11h_34-36mm_23,63ga-s.jpg
012 Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), RIC I 112var. (?), Thracian ?, AE-Sestertius, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS, Rare !!!, Re-Shot !341 views012 Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), RIC I 112var. (?), Thracian ?, AE-Sestertius, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS, Rare !!!, Re-Shot !
Claudius became “Father of the Country” in 50 AD, and this title was added to the coinage, at the end of the legend, with it’s abbreviation: PP. The reverse legend translates to “For Saving the Lives of Citizens.
avers:- TI-CLAVDIVS-CAESAR-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IMP-P-P, laureate head of Claudius right
revers:- No legend - Wreath, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS within,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 34-36mm, weight: 23,63g, axis:11h,
mint:Thracian ?, date: 50-54 A.D., ref: RIC-I-112, C-38,
Q-001
"RIC is in error to state that P P only appeared on Claudius' bronze coins in 50 AD. In fact Claudius became P P very early in 42 AD, and P P appeared immediately not only on his quadrantes, which are specifically dated to 42 by the title COS II, but also on his sestertii and middle bronzes.
Stylistically your coin should not be attributed to Rome, but to a Thracian mint perhaps active only towards the end of the reign. These coins, scarcer than the Rome-mint ones, are not recognized in RIC!" by Curtis Clay. Thank you "curtisclay".
1 commentsquadrans
coin212.JPG
012. Domitian 81-96 AD60 viewsDomitian

As emperor, Domitian was to become one of Rome's foremost micro managers, especially concerning the economy. Domitian's reach extended well beyond the economy. Late in A.D. 85 he made himself censor perpetuus, censor for life, with a general supervision of conduct and morals. The move was without precedent and, although largely symbolic, it nevertheless revealed Domitian's obsessive interest in all aspects of Roman life. While the military abilities of Vespasian and Titus were genuine, those of Domitian were not. Partly as an attempt to remedy this deficiency, Domitian frequently became involved in his own military exploits outside of Rome. He claimed a triumph in A.D. 83 for subduing the Chatti in Gaul, but the conquest was illusory.

as Caesar, AR Denarius. 76 AD. CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right / COS IIII, Pegasus walking right. RSC 47
ecoli
Faustina1Den.JPG
014. Faustina I, wife of Antoninus Pius 138-141A.D. AR Denarius.34 viewsAR Denarius. Rome mint.
Obv.Draped bust right DIVA FAVSTINA

Rev. Aeternitas standing left holding globe, veil billowing. AETERNITAS

RSC 32, RIC 351.

Delightful coin, scan does not do it justice. EF.
LordBest
M-Antony-Syd-1246.jpg
017. Marcus Antonius.77 viewsDenarius, 32-31 BC.
Obverse: ANT AVG III VIR R P C / Galley with rowers, standard at prow.
Reverse: LEG XXIII / Legionary eagle between two standards.
3.62 gm.. 17 mm.
Syd. #1246; RSC #60; Sear unlisted.

Mark Antony minted a long series of legionary coins for the use of the army and navy prior to the Battle of Actium (Sept. 2, 31 BC). The legion depicted on this coin - Legion XXIII - is one that we know nothing about.
1 commentsCallimachus
Avr_Cyz.jpg
018 - Aurelian (270-275 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 349 (unlisted var.)47 viewsObv: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Woman standing right, presenting wreath to emperor standing left, holding spear, suppliant kneeling figure between them.
Minted in Cyzicus (* gamma in exe), 271-272 AD, third officina.

Obv. legend IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG on this coin insted of IMP AVRELIANVS AVG is not listed in RIC or any other reference that I am aware of, but it is not previously unknown.
1 commentspierre_p77
Commodus_denar2.jpg
018 - Commodus (177-192), denarius - BM 184, RIC unlisted48 viewsObv: M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P, Jupiter seated left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
Minted in Rome 186 AD

The cuirassed bust are rare on denarii. This particular type are unlisted in both RIC and Cohen, though the obverse legend and reverse type (not legend) are equal to RIC 117, Cohen 486. The only coin I know of with this bust and reverse legend is BM 184. The BM coin and this coin are struck with diferent obverse dies, hence ther must have been at least two pairs of dies striking this type. Thers should be more coins of this type out there, if anyone knows of one I´ll be very happy to hear about it! (Many thanks to mr Curtis Clay for information on this coin).
pierre_p77
DSC08187_DSC08191_china_10-cash_ND_o-r.JPG
02 - China, Republic - 10 Cash coin26 views-
--
The Republic of China
1920 (ND) - Ten Cash

(Titles in Chinese, some in English)

obv: Crossed Flags.

Weight: 6.5 Grams
Size: 31 mm

ex Old Pueblo Coin Exchange, Tucson, Arizona. USA.
--
-

*NOTE: Coin next to a modern USA State Quarter-Dollar (25 cents) in this photo for size comparison.
---
-
rexesq
DSC08183_china_10cash_ND_w-US-25c_obv.JPG
02 - China, Republic - 10 Cash coin.19 views-
--
The Republic of China
1920 (ND) - Ten Cash

(Titles in Chinese, some in English)

obv: Crossed Flags.

Weight: 6.5 Grams
Size: 31 mm

ex Old Pueblo Coin Exchange, Tucson, Arizona. USA.
--
-

*NOTE: Coin next to a modern USA State Quarter-Dollar (25 cents) in this photo for size comparison.
---
-
rexesq
antioch_tetradrachmai_son-and-father_frontal-busts-left_obv_02.JPG
02 - Philip I and Philip II Tetradrachmai - Frontal Busts Left.32 viewsLEFT: Philip II, Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachm. Regnal year: 3
obv: Laureate bust left, draped and cuirassed, seen from front.
RIGHT: Philip I AR Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Dated Year 3
obv: Radiate, cuirassed bust left, seen from the front, breastplate decorated with a gorgoneion/medusa head.

*note: Photo is off-color, due to camera problems.
rexesq
Augustus_RIC_37a.jpg
02 Augustus RIC I 0037a68 viewsAugustus 27 B.C.-14 A.D. AR Denarius. Spanish Mint c. 19-18 A.D. (3.43g, 19.7m, 6h). Obv: AVGVSTVS CAESAR, oak-wreathed head right. Rev: DIVVS IVLIVS, to l. and r. of eight-rayed comet with tail upwards. RIC I 37a. RSC 98.

The Caesaris Astrum, or Star of Caesar, appeared in 44 B.C., mere months after Caesar’s assassination during the Ludi Victoriae Caesaris. The appearance of the comet was taken as a dramatic sign of the deification of Caesar, and not lost on Augustus as an ongoing propaganda opportunity as this coin demonstrates.
4 commentsLucas H
02-Claudius-II-The-26.jpg
02. Claudius II: Thessalonica fractional.19 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Thessalonica mint.
Obverse: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP / Veiled bust of Claudius II, Gothicus.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark:: . TS . Γ .
1.35 gm., 16 mm.
RIC #26; PBCC #906; Sear #16399.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
KnidosARdrachm.jpg
020a, CARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm.63 viewsCARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm - 16mm (6.06 g). Obverse: forepart of roaring lion right; Reverse: archaic head of Aphrodite right, hair bound with taenia. Cahn 80 (V38/R53); SNG Helsinki 132 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 232 (same dies). Toned, near VF, good metal. Ex Barry P. Murphy.

While this coin falls within the time frame that numismatists call "Classical" Greek coinage, I have chosen to place it in both the "Archaic" (coin 020a) and "Classical" Greek sections of my collection. This specimen is one of those wonderful examples of transition--it incorporates many elements of the "Archaic" era, although it is struck during the "Classical" Greek period and anticipates characteristics of the later period.

As noted art historian Patricia Lawrence has pointed out, "[this specimen portrays] A noble-headed lion, a lovely Late Archaic Aphrodite, and [is made from]. . . beautiful metal." The Archaic Aphrodite is reminiscent of certain portraits of Arethusa found on tetradrachms produced in Syracuse in the first decade of the 5th century BC.

Knidos was a city of high antiquity and as a Hellenic city probably of Lacedaemonian colonization. Along with Halicarnassus (present day Bodrum, Turkey) and Kos, and the Rhodian cities of Lindos, Kamiros and Ialyssos it formed the Dorian Hexapolis, which held its confederate assemblies on the Triopian headland, and there celebrated games in honour of Apollo, Poseidon and the nymphs.

The city was at first governed by an oligarchic senate, composed of sixty members, and presided over by a magistrate; but, though it is proved by inscriptions that the old names continued to a very late period, the constitution underwent a popular transformation. The situation of the city was favourable for commerce, and the Knidians acquired considerable wealth, and were able to colonize the island of Lipara, and founded a city on Corcyra Nigra in the Adriatic. They ultimately submitted to Cyrus, and from the battle of Eurymedon to the latter part of the Peloponnesian War they were subject to Athens.

In their expansion into the region, the Romans easily obtained the allegiance of Knidians, and rewarded them for help given against Antiochus by leaving them the freedom of their city.

During the Byzantine period there must still have been a considerable population: for the ruins contain a large number of buildings belonging to the Byzantine style, and Christian sepulchres are common in the neighbourhood.

Eudoxus, the astronomer, Ctesias, the writer on Persian history, and Sostratus, the builder of the celebrated Pharos at Alexandria, are the most remarkable of the Knidians mentioned in history.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cnidus

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Titus_AE-Dup_T-CAES-VESPAS-dot-IMP-dot-P-dot-TRP-COS-II_S-C_ROMA_RIC-xx_C-xx_Rome_80-AD__Q-001_axes-h_27mm_3,28g-2-s.jpg
022a Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), AE-Dupondius, RIC Not in !!!, RIC II(1962) Not in !!! (Vespasian), Roma, S-C, ROMA, Roma seated left, Not listed in RIC !!!, Rare !, 503 views022a Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), AE-Dupondius, RIC Not in !!!, RIC II(1962) Not in !!! (Vespasian), Roma, S-C, ROMA, Roma seated left, Not listed in RIC !!!, Rare !,
avers:- T CAES VESPAS•IMP•P•TRP COS II, Radiate head right.
revers:- Roma seated left, holding wreath and parazonium, S-C across the field, ROMA in exergo.
exerg: S/C//ROMA, diameter: 27mm, weight: x,xxg, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 72 A.D., ref: RIC Not in !!!, RIC II(1962) Not in !!! (Vespasian), C-Not in !!!,
Q-001

"Titus' coins with obverse legend T CAES VESPAS IMP P TR P COS II were struck in year 72, first issue.No ROMA reverse is listed in RIC for Titus in this issue, so you may have found a new type! "by FlaviusDomitianus. Thank you FlaviusDomitianus.
""Titus' issue of bronze coins with COS II and the abbreviations CAES VESPAS is altogether rare. RIC 411-417 only lists two sestertius types, R2 and R3; one dupondius type, FELICITAS PVBLICA, R2, unfortunately not illustrated, it would be nice to compare the obverse die with your coin; and four As types, all R2.

The same ROMA reverse die of your coin was apparently also used for dupondii with other obverse legends:

RIC 396, pl. 31, Vespasian COS IIII.

RIC 438, pl. 34, Titus CAES VESPASIAN P TR P COS II; also pl. 34, RIC 436 (rev. only), which should have ROMA around edge and SC in exergue, but in fact has ROMA in exergue and S - C in field, so seems to be another example of RIC 438.

Titus CAES VESPASIAN PON TR POT (instead of P TR P) COS II: my collection ex G. Hirsch 229, 2003, lot 2219; not in RIC."" by Curtis Clay, Thank you Curtis.
5 commentsquadrans
Dioclet_var.jpg
023 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 184 (unlisted var.)30 viewsObv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules standing facing, head to left, holding club and trophy.
Minted in Rome (XX crescent IA in exe), first officina, 291 AD.

The exergual mark XX crescent IA is not listed in RIC for this type, nor have I found it anywhere else. Possibly unknown var.? If anyone knows an other ex I would be delighted to hear of it.
pierre_p77
Diocletian_ant5.jpg
025 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 28426 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiated, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. CONCORDIA MILITVM, emperor standing right, holding parazonium and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Heraclea (HA in field, [.XXI. in exe]), first officina, 292 AD

The .XXI. in the exe not visible on this coin. I´m not sure if it ever have bin there. The coin illustrating this type in RIC also missing the exergual mark, but is otherwise very similar to this coin.
pierre_p77
LitraRoma.jpg
026/3 Litra or 1/8 ounce40 viewsAnonymous. Æ Litra or 1/8 ounce. Rome. 234-231 BC. ( 3.43g, 15mm, 5h) Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right Rev: Horse rearing left, wearing bridle, bit, and reins; ROMA below.

Crawford 26/3; Sydenham 29 (Half-litra); Kestner 56-65; BMCRR Romano-Campanian 70-74 (Half-litra)

This coin is attributed as a Litra by Crawford, others define it as half-litra. However, it could be argued that "1/8 ounce piece" is the better description.

First of all, on litra and half-litra:

"According to Crawford, the weight standard of the series 26 litra and half litra are based on a litra of 3.375 grams . The half litra in Crawford is described as having a dog on the reverse rather than a horse, and the average weight of the half litra of several specimens is described as 1.65 grams. BMCRR does refer to these as half litrae; but keep in mind that Grueber was writing circa 1900 and based on older scholarship. Sydenham was writing in the 1950s. Of the three major works cited, Crawford is the most current and likely based on a greater number of more recent finds."

Andrew Mccabe:

"It's very doubtful to me that the word "litra" is correct. Much more likely, these small bronze coins were simply fractions of the Aes Grave cast coinage system, as they come in weights of 1/4, 1/8 and 1/16 ounce, and the Aes Grave coinage generally had denominations from As down to Semuncia (1/2 ounce). So this coin would be 1/8 ounce coin. That's my view, which differs from their long term designation as "Litra", which presume them to be overvalued token bronze coinage on the Sicilian model, whereby bronze coins had value names that indicate a relationship to the silver coinage.

Litra, the word, is from the same stem as Libra, i.e. pound, would suggest a denomination of a (light) Sicilian pound of bronze, which sometimes equates in value to a small silver coin in Sicily weighing about 1/12 didrachm (about 0.6 grams) so by this definition, a Litra = an Obol. But it hardly stands up to scrutiny that such a tiny bronze coin, weighing 3.375 grams, could have been equivalent to a 0.6 gram silver obol. It would imply a massive overvaluation of bronze that just does not seem credible.

So. throw out the Litras, and call these coins 1/8 ounce pieces, and I think we have a sensible answer."

Paddy
RSC 48 Mamaea.JPG
028. Julia Mamaea, mother or Severus Alexander. AR Denarius. Pietas.30 viewsAR Denarius. Rome mint.

Obv. Draped and diadememed bust right IVLIA MAMAEA AVG

Rev. Pietas standing left sacrificing over altar PIETAS AVGVSTAE.

RSC 48, RIC346. UNC

Not the best scan of a beautiful, fully lustrous coins.
LordBest
antioch_tetradrachm_philip-II_bust-left-front_10_59gr_obv_01.JPG
03 - Philip II Tetradrachm. Bust left, seen from front38 viewsPhilip II, Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachm. Regnal year: 3
obv: Laureate bust left, seen from front, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Eagle standing facing right, wreath in beak. Head right, tail left.
Standing on city name, SC below.
10.59gr.
*note: photo is off color due to camera problems.
rexesq
antioch_tetradrachm_philip-II_bust-left-front_10_59gr_obv_07.JPG
03 - Philip II Tetradrachm. Bust left, seen from front24 viewsPhilip II, Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachm. Regnal year: 3
obv: Laureate bust left, seen from front, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Eagle standing facing right, wreath in beak. Head right, tail left.
Standing on city name, SC below.
10.59gr.
*note: photo is off color due to camera problems.
rexesq
IMG_4838.jpg
03 Constantius II28 viewsConstantius II
Antioch
23mm 4.5g

DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, hair in braids, clutching the horse's neck. ANO in ex

Not in RIC (143 variant? unpublished bust type)
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
03-Constantius-The-25.jpg
03. Constantius I: Thessalonica fractional.21 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Thessalonica mint.
Obverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINCIPI / Veiled bust of Constantius I.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark: . T . SB .
1.78 gm., 16 mm.
RIC #25; PBCC #908; Sear unlisted.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
RI 030g img.jpg
030 - Vespasian Dupondius - RIC 481 var.73 viewsObv:– IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS III, Radiate head right, globe on neck
Rev:– VICTORIA NAVALIS S - C, Victory standing right on prow, holding wreath and palm
Minted in Lugdunum. A.D. 70-71
References:– Cohen -. RIC II 481 var (Not listed in RIC with this bust and legend combination)

Additional comments coutesy of Curtis Clay:-

“A coin like yours, from the same obv. die, was in M&M's Voirol Sale of 1968, lot 385, ex Hall Sale, 1950, lot 1203. A second spec. from that same die pair is publ. by Giard, Lyon, 42/1a, pl. XLIII, Coll. Gricourt.
BMC 809 pl. 38.7 has obv. CAESAR not CAES and a broader portrait on shorter neck.
Paris doesn't have this type on a COS III dup. of Vesp. at Lugdunum, but their As, Paris 812 pl. LXVII, is from the same rev. die as your dupondius!
Obviously quite a scarce item, and an attractive specimen!”
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U-437-c_C2-88_H-546_MONETA-LODOVICI_DEI-GRATIA-R-VGARIE_C_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437(?)(Not in this Mint mark !!!)., #0199 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437(?)(Not in this Mint mark !!!)., #01
avers: ✠ MONЄTA LODOVICI, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ DЄI GRACIA R VGARIЄ (AR ligate, Legend variation), Hungarian-Anjou shield, border of dots. "C" above the shield (New mintmark !!!).
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1372 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-437(?)(Not in)., CNH-2-088, Huszár-546, Pohl-88-(?)(Not in),
Q-001
quadrans
035.jpg
030 PHILIP II6 viewsEMPEROR: Philip II, as Ceasar
DENOMINATION: Anotninianus
OBVERSE: M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, radiate draped bust right
REVERSE: PRINCIPI IVVENT, Philip II standing left with globe & spear; captive at feet
DATE: 247 AD
MINT: Roma
WEIGHT: 3.83 g
RIC: 219
Barnaba6
Probus_ant_gr.jpg
031 - Probus (276-282 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 877 (unlisted var.)105 viewsObv. IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust left, wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle tipped sceptre.
Rev. VIRTVS PROBI AVG, emperor galloping right, spearing enemy whose shield lies beneath horse.
Minted in Serdica (KA delta in exe), 4th officina, 4th emission, c 277 AD or 280-81 AD.
22-23 mm in diam, 3,38g
Bust type H.

Not listed with this bust type in RIC.

Ex. Martin Griffiths Probus collection.
5 commentspierre_p77
Maximian_unlist.jpg
032 - Maximian (286-305 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 404, 407 (hybrid unlisted in RIC)44 viewsObv: IMP MAXIMIANUS AVG, radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding globe.
Rev: PAX AVGG, Minerva standing left, leaning on shield, holding olive branch and spear.
Minted in Lugdunum (C in exe, * in left field) 292-294 AD.

This coin is a hybrid between RIC 404 (as above but without the * and C(?)) and 407 (with * and C) and not listed in RIC. However Bastien lists this coin (vol 7, nr 488) with five examples cited. Not a very pretty coin but somehow interesting anyway as it turned out. Thanks to Jochen and maridvnvm of the FORUM´s classical numismatics discussion board for the info.

[Sold]
2 commentspierre_p77
Hadrian_AR-Den_IMP-CAESAR-TRAIAN-HADRIANVS-AVG_P-M-TR-P-COS-III_RIC-II-86_RSC-Not-in_121-AD_Q-001_6h_17,5-18mm_3,24g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0086, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P COS III, Fortuna standing left, #1224 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0086, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P COS III, Fortuna standing left, #1
avers: IMP-CAESAR-TRAIAN-HADRIANVS-AVG, Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
revers: P-M-TR-P-COS-III, Fortuna standing left, leaning on column, holding rudder and cornucopiae.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 3,24g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 121 A.D., ref: RIC II 86, RSC-Not-in
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RI_033d_img.jpg
033 - Titus Denarius - RIC II new 728 viewsObv:– IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P VIIII IMP XIIII - COS VII, Capricorn left on globe
Minted in Rome. After 1 July, 79, Group II
Reference:– RIC II new 7

Notes from an example sold by H. J. Berk: "Rare without P P in reverse legend. Titus must have accepted the title Pater Patriae quite soon after the beginning of his ninth tribunician year on 1 July 79 AD. Cohen 280 cites this coin 'with or without P P' as being in the Paris collection, but in fact Paris lacks the denarius of this type without P P, though it possesses the corresponding aureus (Paris-3). Cohen must have seen the denarius without P P in another collection. We had another specimen in our Catalogue 125, 2002, 374; none in Reka Devnia hoard."
maridvnvm
Sabina_AE-As_SABINA-AVGVSTA-HADRIANI-AVG-PP_CONCORDIA-AVG_S-C_RIC-1037_128-136-AD_Q-001_axis-h_x,xxmm_x,xxgg-s.jpg
033 Sabina (???-136 A.D.), RIC II 1037, Rome, AE-As, CONCORDIA AVG, -/-//S-C, Concordia seated left, #1137 views033 Sabina (???-136 A.D.), RIC II 1037, Rome, AE-As, CONCORDIA AVG, -/-//S-C, Concordia seated left, #1
avers:- SABINA-AVGVSTA-HADRIANI-AVG-PP, Her bust draped right wreathed in grain with hair fastened in a small knot at back. RARE portrait type depicting the empress with hair tied back and wreathed in grain.
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG/S-C, Concordia seated left holding patera and leaning left elbow on figure of Spes, cornucopiae below chair.
exerg: -/-//S-C, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Roma, date: 128-136 A.D., ref: RIC-II 1037,
Q-001
quadrans
Sabina_AE-As_SABINA-AVGVSTA-HADRIANI-AVG-P-P_CONCORDIA-AVG_S-C_RIC-1037_128-136-AD_Q-002_7h_26,5-27,5mm_9,30g-s.jpg
033 Sabina (???-136 A.D.), RIC II 1037, Rome, AE-As, CONCORDIA AVG, -/-//S-C, Concordia seated left, #2136 views033 Sabina (???-136 A.D.), RIC II 1037, Rome, AE-As, CONCORDIA AVG, -/-//S-C, Concordia seated left, #2
avers:- SABINA-AVGVSTA-HADRIANI-AVG-P-P, Her bust draped right wreathed in grain with hair fastened in a small knot at back. RARE portrait type depicting the empress with hair tied back and wreathed in grain.
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG/S-C, Concordia seated left holding patera and leaning left elbow on figure of Spes, cornucopiae below chair.
exerg: -/-//S-C, diameter: 26,5-27,5mm, weight: 9,30g, axes: 7h,
mint: Roma, date: 128-136 A.D., ref: RIC-II 1037,
Q-002
2 commentsquadrans
RI_035l_img.jpg
035 - Domitian Ae AS - RIC II 385a78 viewsObv:- IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII CENS PER P P, Laureate head right
Rev:- COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC - SC, Domitian , togate,standing left, sacrificing from patera over garlanded altar, on the other side of which are two flute players facing the emperor, one of which is partly obscured by the altar, hexastyle temple of Jupiter Capitolinus in background.

This variety, not distinguished in the catalogues, where the second musician's lower body is obscured by the large altar. see BMC pl. 79.3, with obv. portrait left, is from the same rev. die. On other dies, apparently the normal variety, the altar is narrower and you see the second musician's legs descending to the ground.

Celebrates the Secular Games
4 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_035e_img.jpg
035 - Domitian Denarius - RIC II (Old) - Addenda (L. A. Lawrence Coll.) would be after 10678 viewsObv:– IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VII, Laureate Head Right
Rev:– COS - XIIII, Minerva standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter, shield at side
Minted in Rome. A.D. 88
Reference:– BMC P. 324 Note (L. A. Lawrence Coll.). RIC II (Old) Addenda (L. A. Lawrence Coll.) would be after 106. RSC 66a. RIC II (New) 554 (R2), citing Madrid and Helbing 63, 1931, 537, no photo in RIC. (Thanks to Curtis Clay for the RIC II (New) reference.)
4 commentsmaridvnvm
Marc-Aurelius_AR-Den_AVRELIVS-CAE-SAR-AVG-P-II-F-COS_IVVENTAS_RIC-423a-A-Pius_C-_Rome-140-44-AD_Q-001_0h_16,5-18mm_3,45ga-s.jpg
037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0423a (Ant.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, IVVENTAS, Iuventas standing facing, 100 views037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0423a (Ant.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, IVVENTAS, Iuventas standing facing,
avers:- AVRELIVS-CAE-SAR-AVG-P-II-F-COS, Bare-headed, draped bust right. (bust type not in RIC !!!).
revers:- IVVEN-TAS, Iuventas standing facing, head left, right hand dropping a grain of incense onto candelabrum-altar, and holding patera.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-18mm, weight: 3,45g, axis:0h,
mint: Rome, date: 140-144 A.D., ref: RIC-423a, p- Antonius Pius, C-,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Marc_Aurelius_AR-Den_AVRELIVS-CAES-AN-TON-AVG-P-II-F_TR-POT-XII-COS-II_RIC-III-47x-Ant-Pius-C-_Rome-156-57-AD_Q-001_7h_16,5-17mm_3,18ga-s.jpg
037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0475a.var. (Ant. Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, T-R-POT-XII-COS-II, Felicitas standing left, #172 views037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0475a.var. (Ant. Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, T-R-POT-XII-COS-II, Felicitas standing left, #1
avers:- AVRELIVS-CAES-AN-TON-AVG-P-II-F, Bare head right.
revers:- T-R-POT-XII-COS-II, Felicitas standing left, (no leaning on column !) holding caduceus and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17mm, weight: 3,18g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 156-158 A.D., ref: RIC-III-475a.var (note !) (Ant. Pius), p-89, Strack A333,
Q-001
quadrans
Marc_Aurelius_AR-Den_AVRELIVS-CAES-AN-TON-AVG-P-II-F_TR-POT-XII-COS-II_RIC-475a-Ant-Pius-C-727_Rome-157-58-AD_Q-001_axis-h_mm_3,24g-s.jpg
037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0475a.var. (Ant. Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, TR POT XII COS II, Felicitas standing left, #286 views037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0475a.var. (Ant. Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, TR POT XII COS II, Felicitas standing left, #2
avers:- AVRELIVS-CAES-AN-TON-AVG-P-II-F, Bare head right.
revers:- T-R-POT-XII-COS-II, Felicitas standing left, (no leaning on column !) holding caduceus and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17mm, weight: 3,24g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 156-158 A.D., ref: RIC-III-475a.var (note !) (Ant. Pius), p-89, Strack A333,
Q-002
quadrans
Marc-Aurelius_AR-Den_IMP-M-ANTONINVS-AVG-TR-P-XXV_COS-III_RIC-233_C-133_Rome-170-71-AD_Q-001_axis-h_19mm_3,45g-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0233var., Rome, AR-Denarius, COS III, Roma seated left,107 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0233var., Rome, AR-Denarius, COS III, Roma seated left,
This avers legend variation not mentioned by RIC !!!,
avers:- IMP-M-ANTONINVS-AVG-T-RP-XXV, Laureate head right.
revers:- COS III, Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory and spear.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,45g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date:170-171 A.D., ref: RIC-III-233var, p-231, RSC-133var, Sear-4887var,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
037b_Marcus_Aurelius,_RIC_III_409var2_,_AR-Den,_M_AVREL_ANT_ONINVS_AVG,_TR_P_XXXIIII_IMP_X_COS_III_P_P,_Rome,_180_AD_Q-001,_6h,_17,5-19mm,_3,27g-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0409var2., Rome, AR-Denarius, TR P XXXIIII IMP X COS III P P, Fortuna seated left,167 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0409var2., Rome, AR-Denarius, TR P XXXIIII IMP X COS III P P, Fortuna seated left,
avers:- M AVREL•ANT ONINVS AVG, Laureate draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- TR P XXXIIII IMP X COS III P P, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopiae.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-19,0mm, weight: 3,27g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date:180 A.D., ref: RIC III 409var2., p-245, RSC 972b, BMCRE 805 note, Szaivert MIR 18 461-4/37, Sear-,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Marc-Aurelius_AR-Den_M-AVREL-ANTO-NINVS-AVG_COS-III-dot-P-dot-P-dot_RIC-425_C-152_Rome-176-80-AD_Q-001_axis-h_mm_2,56g-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0425var., Rome, AR-Denarius, COS III•P•P•, Salus seated left, Dots in the legends (revers) not mentioned by RIC !!!108 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0425var., Rome, AR-Denarius, COS III•P•P•, Salus seated left,
Dots in the legends (revers) not mentioned by RIC !!!
avers:- M-AVREL-ANTO-NINVS-AVG, Laurate cuirassed bust right.
revers:- COS-III•P•P•, Salus seated left, holding poppy over serpent at right.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-19mm, weight: 2,58g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date:176-80 A.D., ref: RIC-III-425var., p-246, C-152, Sear-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
038_Laszlo-V_(Ladislaus_V_)_Throne_require_(1440-1453)_Denar_U-503_C2---_H-653_Q-001_9h_17,5mm_54g-s.jpg
038 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as Throne Require of Hungary, (1440-1453 A.D.), AR Denarius, U-503, Extremely Rare!!!224 views038 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as Throne Require of Hungary, (1440-1453 A.D.), AR Denarius, U-503, Extremely Rare!!!
avers: ✠mOnETA•LADISLAI•DEI•G, Hungarian Shield two parts left Árpádian stripes, and right the Patriarchal cross, K-G, circle, border of dots.
reverse: ✠REGIS•VnGARIE•ETCT, Hungarian shield.
exergue, mint mark: K/G//-- were struck by Johannes Constorfer (by Pohl), diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 0,54g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöczbánya (Kremnitz,), date:1452 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-503-b., CNH-2-Not in, Huszár-653, Pohl-167, Extremely Rare!!!
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
1146_P_Hadrian_eastern.jpg
038 var. Hadrian Denarius 125-28 AD Galley right Eastern Mint46 viewsReference.
Strack *17; (for Roma mint RIC 195)

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.

Rev. COS III (in ex)
Galley right with steersman and five rowers; curved stern Hortator, two sigma at stern

3.28 gr
19 mm
6h

Note.
Here the strap is dotted, normally it's with a thunderbolt on his cuirass leather strap
3 commentsokidoki
V932.jpg
03c Domitian as Caesar RIC 93260 viewsÆ As, 10.65g
Rome mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS IIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: S C in field; Spes stg. l., with flower
RIC 932 (C). BMC -. BNC -.
Acquired from Ken Dorney, January 2019.

Spes, the goddess of hope, is seen here as an 'heir apparent' type. She is represented on Roman coins as a young girl, reminiscent of earlier Greek statures depicting Elpis. H. Mattingly in BMCRE II says 'the flower held by Spes is an opening bud, she is raising her skirt in order to hasten forward'. Spes occurs quite commonly throughout the Flavian coinage and is frequently paired up with the young Domitian Caesar, likely expressing a hope or expectation for future dynastic success. It is very Ironic that Spes is often associated with Domitian Caesar on the coinage, considering he would later be the family member most responsible for the dynasty's downfall in 96. Surprisingly, this common Spes type is not in the BM.

The obverse features a quintessential Flavian portrait - unflattering hook nose with full and heavy facial features. Pleasant dark green patina.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
caracalla_AD214_AR-antoninianus_venus-victrix_bothsides~0.JPG
04 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - 'Venus Victrix'120 viewsCaracalla AR Antoninianus.

obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed, seen from front.
rev: VENVS VICTRIX - Venus standing holding victory and sceptre, shield by her side.

5.2 grams - 26mm.

*Notes: Well struck and well centered coin on a very large flan.
Take a look at the detail on the
shield Venus is standing next to on the reverse.
4 commentsrexesq
gaius_RIC_I_14.jpg
04 Gaius (Caligula) RIC I 014120 viewsGaius (Caligula). 37-41 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 37-38 A.D. (3.55g, 19.1m, 5h). Obv: [C CAE]SAR AVG GERM P M TR POT, laureate head right. Rev: AGRIPPINA MAT C CAES AVG GERM, Agrippina, bust, draped right, hair falling in queue down her neck. RIC I 14 (R), RSC 2. Ex personal collection Steve McBride.

Agrippina “the elder” was Gaius’ mother. Falsely accused of wrongdoing by Tiberius, Agrippina was exiled and died of starvation, whether self-imposed or at the orders of Tiberius, is not clear. Upon ascending the throne, Gaius, recovered his mother’s ashes, and restored her name. This coin commemorates the veneration of his mother.
10 commentsLucas H
foto5.jpg
04-07 - Aretas IV (9 A.C. - 40 D.C.)23 viewsAE 14 mm 3.4 gr.

Anv: Cabeza laureada de Aretas con pelo largo viendo a derecha. Monograma en arameo al frente derecha "H" (Het).
Rev: Dos cornucopias cruzadas. Entre ellos monograma en arameo "H" (Het).

Meshore indicates het right on the obverse. Schmitt-Korte, NC 1990, indicates the het right is not present but also identifies a new varitey (Schmitt-Korte 43) with het left on the obverse. The het right on the obverse is clear on this specimen. (Forum Catalog)

Ceca: Petra

Referencias: B.M.C. Vol.28 #30 Pag 9 - SNG ANS 6.1432 - Meshorer #70 - Sear GICTV #5701 Pag.560
mdelvalle
foto6.jpg
04-09 - Aretas IV (9 A.C. - 40 D.C.)26 viewsAE 12 x 13 mm 1.2 gr.

Anv: Cabeza laureada de Aretas con pelo largo viendo a derecha. Sin Monograma al frente derecha.
Rev: Dos cornucopias cruzadas. Entre ellos monograma en arameo "H" (Het).

Meshore indicates het right on the obverse. Schmitt-Korte, NC 1990, indicates the het right is not present and also identifies a new varitey (Schmitt-Korte 43) with het left on the obverse. We have had all three types - het left, het right and none at all. The het right on the obverse is not present on this specimen. (Forum catalog)

Ceca: Petra

Referencias: Sear GICTV #5701 Pag.560 - B.M.C. Vol.28 #30 Pag 9 - Meshorer #70 var.
mdelvalle
04-Maximianus-Sis-41.jpg
04. Maximian: Siscia fractional.43 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Siscia mint.
Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP / Veiled bust of Maximian.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark: SIS
1.61 gm., 15mm.
RIC #41; PBCC #838; Sear #16412.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
041_Commodus_(177-192_A_D_)_AE-17_Nikopolis_M-AYP-KOMODOC-ANTONEINOC_NEIKOPOLEITON_Nikopolis_HHJ-8_10_13_2var_Q-001_7h_18-19mm_3,96g-s.jpg
041bp Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.10.13.2var, AE-18, NEIKOΠOΛEITΩN, Artemis standing right,177 views041bp Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.10.13.2var, AE-18, NEIKOΠOΛEITΩN, Artemis standing right,
avers: M-AYP-KOMOΔOC-ANTΩNEINOC, Laureate cuirassed bust right.
revers: NEIKOΠO-ΛEITΩN, Artemis standing right, holding bow in left hand and drawing with right hand arrow from quiver over right
shoulder; at her feet stag standing right, looking up to her.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,96g, axes: 7h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 193-211 A.D.,
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2164??
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No.8.10.13.2 corr.
Writes M AVRH ANTWNEINOC KOMODOC in error
Q-001
quadrans
041_Commodus_(177-192_A_D_)_AE-17_Nikopolis_AV-OM-AV-KOMODOC_NEIKOPOLI-PROC-EICT-O_Nikopolis_HHJ-8_10_38_--_Q-001_2h_17,5-18,5mm_2,49gx-s~0.jpg
041bp Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.10.38.??, AE-18, NEIKOΠOΛI ΠPOC EICT O, Tyche standing left,92 views041bp Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.10.38.??, AE-18, NEIKOΠOΛI ΠPOC EICT O, Tyche standing left,
avers:- AV-OM-AV-KOMOΔOC, Laureate head right.
revers:- NEIKOΠOΛI-ΠPOC-EICT-O, Tyche standing left, holding cornucopiae in left arm and in right hand rudder.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,5mm, weight: 2,49g, axes: 2h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 177-192 A.D., ref: HHJ-08.10.38.??, p-, PB-, HM-,
Q-001
"Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Commodus, AD 177-192
obv. AVTO M AV - KOMODOC
laureate head r.
rev. NEIKOPOLI - PROC EICTRO
Tyche in long garment and mantle, stg. l., holding in l. arm cornucopiae and in extended r.
hand rudder
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013)
rev. cf. No. 8.10.38.8 var. (has NIKOPOL PIOC ICCTRO)
obv. e.g. No.8.10.16.2

Its a new rev. variant with a rare obv. legend." by Jochen
quadrans
042_Crispina_(__-183_A_D_),_AE-As,_CRISPINA_AVGVSTA__IVNO-LVCINA_S-C_RIC_III_682_C-_BMC__(Comm),_Rome,_Q-001_4h_25mm_12,29ga-s.jpg
042 Crispina ( ?-183 A.D.), RIC III 0682 (Comm.), Rome, AE-As, IVNO REGINA, Iuno standing left, Scarce !, #167 views042 Crispina ( ?-183 A.D.), RIC III 0682 (Comm.), Rome, AE-As, IVNO REGINA, Iuno standing left, Scarce !, #1
Wife of Commodus.
avers:- CRISPINA-AVGVSTA, Draped bust right, hair in a bun.
revers:- IVNO-REGINA, Iuno standing left, holding patera and sceptre, S-C across the field.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,29g, axis: 4 h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-III-682 (Commodus), p-443, C- Not in, BMC-Not in
Q-001
quadrans
RI_044x_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian Denarius - RIC -49 viewsObv:- HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head right with slight drapery on far shoulder (Legend reversed as AVGVSTVS HADRIANVS)
Rev:- COS III, Victory standing right holding wreath and palm (Legend reversed as III COS)
Minted in Eastern Mint. A.D. 129-131
Reference:– BMCRE -. Strack -. RIC -. RSC -. Apparently unpublished.

Strack knew just three Eastern denarii with this transposed obv. legend, including one with a Minerva standing rev. type in the Trau coll., Strack's pl. XVIII, *18. Curtis Clay has another example with this obverse with the Minerva type. This would appear to be a fifth specimen from this obverse die but with a new reverse type.

Additional information on this coin from Curtis Clay:-
"Interesting. Apparently a new rev. type on the Eastern denarii, of uncertain origin.

That's admittedly a fairly standard Victory advancing right rev. type, but I find no such type on any denarius of Hadrian from the mint of Rome, nor on his Asian cistophori.

A similar type does occur on Hadrian's silver quinarii, and on a rather scarce denarius of Trajan struck in 112 but these seem unlikely sources for a type on Hadrian's Eastern denarii.

Moreover on the Roman coins Victory grasps the stem of the palm over her shoulder in her left fist, thumb upwards, whereas on the Eastern denarius she palms the stem, holding it with her downwards pointing thumb while apparently keeping her fingers extended. I imagine that this detail may go back to the source copied, since it seems unlikely that the engraver changed it on his own whim."
maridvnvm
RI_044al_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian denarius - RIC II 268 var (bust type)28 viewsObv:- HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head left
Rev:- SALVS AVG, Salus standing right, patera in right, scepter in left, altar at feet
Minted in Rome.
Reference:- RIC II 268 var (bust type). BMC 726 note. RIC 268 var. (laureate r.). Strack 266 (citing 3 examples - Sofia, Berlin, and St. Petersburg).

A rare variety.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
florianantB.JPG
047. Florian, 276AD. BI Antoninianus.31 viewsAE Antoninianus. Cyzikus mint.

Obv. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right IMP FLORIANVS AVG

Rev. Victoria standing right, presenting wreath to Florian standinf left holding sceptre CONCORDIA MILITVM, T in ex.

RIC116. aEF. Semi-uncleaned, not game to try and clean it further.
LordBest
RI 048d img.jpg
048 - Antoninus Pius denarius - RIC 293 Note 296 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXII, Laureate head facing right
Rev:– VOTA SVSCEPTA DEC III, COS IIII below, Pius veiled and togate, standing left sacrificing with patera over tripod
Reference RIC 293 Note 2
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_048m_img.jpg
048 - Antoninus Pius, Denarius - RIC 01123 viewsObv: IMP T AEL CAES HADRI ANTONINVS, Bare head left
Rev: AVG PIVS P M TR P COS DES II, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus & cornucopia
Minted in Rome. A.D. 138
Reference:– RIC 11. BMC 17 Note. Strack 16. Cohen 76 (citing M. Hamburger - 6F)

RIC rates it as scarce citing the Cohen example. Not present in BMC also citing Cohen. RSC citing Cohen and Strack. This would all seem to confirm that it is quite a scarce coin, depending on what other examples have come to light since.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_IMP-CAE-L-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-CO-II_VICTOR-SEVER-AVG_RIC-IV-I-428var-p148_Emesa-194-5-AD_Rare_Q-001_axis-0h_16-17mm_3,25g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 428var, Emesa, AR-Denarius, VICTOR SEVER AVG, Victory advancing left, Rare !!!200 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 428var, Emesa, AR-Denarius, VICTOR SEVER AVG, Victory advancing left, Rare !!!
avers:- IMP-CAE-L-SEP-SE-V-PERT-AVG-CO-II (legend var!!, Not in RIC or mule!!), laureate head right
revers:- VICTOR-SEVER-AVG, Victory advancing left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter:16-17mm, weight:3,25g, axis: 0h,
mint: Emesa, date: 194-5 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-428var (legend var ..CO-II..,Instead ..COS-II..), p-148, C-, Rare !!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
x049_063a-s~0.jpg
049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2011) No., AE-18, MAPKIANO ΠOLIΤΩΝ, Snake climbing up,66 views049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2011) No., AE-18, MAPKIANO ΠOLIΤΩΝ, Snake climbing up,
avers:- AYΛ-CEΠ-CEVHPO(C), Laureate, bust right.
revers:- MAPKIANO-ΠOLIΤΩ, Snake climbing up a tripod altar.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: A.D., ref: Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. ,
Q-001
"Not in Hristova/Jekov (2014), not in Pfeiffer 2013. Seems to be a completely new type!" by Jochen Thank you Jochen.
quadrans
049_Septimius_Severus_(193-211_A_D_)_AE-18_AVL-CEP-CEVHROC_MARKIANOPOLITON_Q-001_0-h_18-18,5mm_3,62g-s~0.jpg
049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2014) 6.14.31.31., AE-18, MAPKIANO ΠOLIΤΩ, Kybele seated left,66 views049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2014) 6.14.31.31., AE-18, MAPKIANO ΠOLIΤΩ, Kybele seated left,
avers: AYΛ CEΠ CEVHPO(C), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: MAPKIANO ΠOLIΤΩ, Kybele, richly draped, wearing kalathos, seated left on throne, flanked by two lions, tympanon behind, holding patera in outstretched right hand, resting with left arm on the arm of the throne.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,0-18,5 mm, weight: 3,62 g, axis:0h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: A.D., ref: Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.14.31.31., not in Pfeiffer (2013),
Q-001
quadrans
049_Septimius_Severus_(193-211_A_D_),_AE-17_AVK_A-CEVHPOC_NIKOPOLITON-PROC-I_Nicopolis_Ad_Istrum_HHJ-08_14_48_---p-138_Crescent_and_star_Q-001_2h_17-18,3mm_3,83g-s~0.jpg
049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-8.14.48.10, (2015), AE-17, NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-I, Crescent with star, 112 views049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-8.14.48.10, (2015), AE-17, NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-I, Crescent with star,
avers:- AV-K-Λ-CEVHPOC, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right. (Not in HHJ 2012, this bust !)
revers:- NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-I, Crescent with star.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18,3mm, weight: 3,83g, axes: 2h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 193-211 A.D., ref: HHJ (2015) 8.14.48.10,
Q-001
quadrans
cii1.jpg
05 Constantius II80 viewsD N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed, A behind.
FEL TEMP - REPARATIO Soldier spearing fallen horseman,Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up, A left field, pellet right. PAR.L in ex
Arles
Not in RIC-- (similar to Alres 146, PAR dot F)
Better photo.
Ferrando 2010, no. 1127
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3918.jpg
05 Constantius II22 viewsConstantius II

21x23mm 4.6gm

D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed, A behind.
FEL TEMP - REPARATIO Soldier spearing fallen horseman, Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up, A left field
PAR[?] in ex

It may be PAR dot F, PARF, PAR PALM. There does not seem to be enough space for PAR dot F. if PARF or Palm, then not listed in RIC
Randygeki(h2)
domitian as caesar wolf and twins.JPG
05 Domitian as Caesar RIC 961149 viewsAR Denarius, 3.17g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS V; She-wolf and twins l. : in ex., boat
RIC 961 (C2). BMC 240. RSC 51. BNC 208.
Ex eBay, February 2007.

The first instance of the she-wolf and twins reverse as a type on Roman Imperial coins. Domitian Caesar, unlike Titus Caesar, used different reverse types than his father Vespasian. The she-wolf and twins is unique to Domitan's coinage. One wonders how much leverage Domitian had for choosing his own reverse designs.

A wonderful coin with good metal and a pleasing portrait. The picture does not reflect this very well however.

2 commentsVespasian70
05-Constantine-Ale-12.jpg
05. Constantine: Alexandria.49 viewsAE 4, 337 - 341, Alexandria mint.
Obverse: DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG / Veiled bust of Constantine.
Reverse: Constantine riding to heaven in quadriga; Hand of God reaches down to him.
Mint mark: ALB
1.05 gm., 15 mm.
RIC #12 var.; LRBC #1454 var.; Sear #17490var.

That this coin is from the mint in Alexandria is beyond doubt. However the mint mark without SM does not seem to be listed in RIC or LRBC.
2 commentsCallimachus
Elagabalus-RIC-067.jpg
05. Elagabalus antoninianus.15 viewsAntoninianus, 218-219 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES ANTONINVS AVG / Radiate bust of Elagabalus.
Reverse: FIDES EXERCITVS / Fides seated, holding eagle and standard, another standard in front of her.
5.39 gm., 22 mm.
RIC #67; Sear #7487.
Callimachus
83~2~0.jpg
050 VABALATHUS30 views OBVERSE: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG
REVERSE: VABALATHVS V C R IM D R
BUST TYPE: B
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//A
MINT: ANTIOCHIA
EMMISSION: 2
RIC TEMP: 3102 (32 EX.)
NOTE: VERY RARE IN SUCH AN EXCELLENT CONDITION AND WITH FULL SILVERING !!!
Barnaba6
050_Julia_Domna_(170-217_A_D_),_AE-24,_Nikaia_in_Bithynia,IOYLIA-A____CT_____-_-__N_Legionary_standards_Not_listed_Q-001_7h_24-25mm_7,73g-s~0.jpg
050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-24, Not Listed, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, Legionary standards, Rare!106 views050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-24, Not Listed, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, Legionary standards, Rare!
avers:- IOYΛIA-AΥΓΟΥCT, Draped bust left.
revers:- ΝΙΚΑ-Ι-ΕΩN, To left, above and right of legionary eagle between two standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 24-25mm, weight: 7,73g, axis: 7h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: 17` - 217 A.D., ref: RecGen -, Not listed, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
050_Iulia_Domna_(170-217_A_D_),_AE-23,_Serdica,_CEP__N,_Nemesis,_AE_IOV_IA-_OMNA-dot-CEBA__CEP__N_Varb-x_Serdica_Q-001_h_23-24mm_7,45g-s.jpg
050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Thrace, Serdica, AE-23, CEPΔΩN, Nemesis,62 views050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Thrace, Serdica, AE-23, CEPΔΩN, Nemesis,
avers:- IOVΛIA-ΔOMNA-dot-CEBA, Dr. bust right.
revers:- CEP-ΔΩN, Nemesis (??) holding scale and cornucopiae, wheel at feet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 7,45g, axis: 7h,
mint: Thrace, Serdica, date: 170-217 A.D., ref: ??? Not listed ? !?
Q-001
quadrans
RI_051t_img.jpg
051 - Marcus Aurelius Sestertius - RIC III 107825 viewsObv:– M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXVII, laureate head right, slight drapery on left shoulder
Rev:– RESTITVTORI ITALIAE IMP VI COS III / S C, Aurelius standing left holding sceptre and raising kneeling figure of Italia who holds a globe
Minted in Rome mint. Dec. A.D. 172 - Dec. A.D. 173
Reference:– BMCRE 1449 note (light drapery). RIC III 1078. Both cite Bement Coll. 1031 (rated Scarce).

Commemorating the successes of the Quadic war on the northern edges of Italy with the Germans.

27.27g, 34.27mm, 180o
maridvnvm
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT_LIBERAL-AVG-VIIII_RIC-IV-I-302rev-p-258_Rome-213-17-AD_Limes_Q-001_0h_17,5mm_2,40g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 302, Rome, AR-Denarius, LIBERAL AVG VIIII, Liberalitas standing left, (but base metal, "limes" ?),132 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 302, Rome, AR-Denarius, LIBERAL AVG VIIII, Liberalitas standing left, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT (!!!), Laureate head right. (This legend Not in RIC!!)
revers:- LIBERAL-AVG-VIIII, Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopia.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,40g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: 213-217 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-302, p-258, (but base metal, "limes" ?), C-139,
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT_LIBERAL-AVG-VIIII_RIC-IV-I-302rev-p-258_Rome-213-17-AD_Limes_Q-001_0h_17,5mm_2,40g-s~0.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 302, Rome, AR-Denarius, LIBERAL AVG VIIII, Liberalitas standing left, (but base metal, "limes" ?),120 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 302, Rome, AR-Denarius, LIBERAL AVG VIIII, Liberalitas standing left, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT (!!!), Laureate head right. (This legend Not in RIC!!)
revers:- LIBERAL-AVG-VIIII, Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopia.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,40g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: 213-217 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-302, p-258, (but base metal, "limes" ?), C-139,
Q-001
quadrans
051_Caracalla,_RIC_IV-I_311v(bust-not_in),_AR-Ant,_ANTONINVS_PIVS_AVG_GERM,_VENVS_VICTRIX,_312-17_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_22,8-23mm,_5,64g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 311v, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left,164 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 311v, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left,
avers: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Radiate, and cuirassed bust right seen half from the back.
reverse: VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left, holding Victory and scepter, leaning on shield set on helmet.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 22,8-23,0mm, weight: 5,64g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 213-317 A.D., ref: RIC IV-I 311v, RSC 608a-c, var.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_VICT-PARTHICA_VO_XX_RIC-IV-I-314_p-_C-656b_Rome_208-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_19-19,5mm_3,11g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 314, Rome, AR-Denarius, VICT PARTHICA, VO/XX, Victory seated right, Scarce!,68 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 314, Rome, AR-Denarius, VICT PARTHICA, VO/XX, Victory seated right, Scarce!,
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate head right.
revers:- VICT-PARTHICA_VO/XX, Victory seated right on cuirass, holding shield inscribed VO/XX on knee, shield behind her.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19-19,5 mm, weight: 3,11g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 213-217 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I 314a note, p-, C-656b, Scarce !
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Ant_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_TEMPORVM-FELICITAS_Roma-RIC-_Q-001_21-22mm_5_02g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I Not in, Caracalla and Ellagabal (plated) fouree Antoninianus contemporary hybrid imitation,83 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I Not in, Caracalla and Ellagabal (plated) fouree Antoninianus contemporary hybrid imitation,
"It's a fourree, and it's a contemporary imitation."- by Robert Brenchley- many thanks
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Caracalla (198 - 217), Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right 215? (Rome).
revers:- TEMPORVM-FELICITAS, Ellagaball (218 - 222), Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia. 219-220 (Rome).
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 5,02g, axis: -h,
mint: ???, date: ??? , ref: ???,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
051_Caracalla_AE-27____W____C_-PIOC-AVGVSTOC_KVNTI_LIANOC_MAPKIAPOLITWN_AMNG_I_648;_Varbanov_975__Q-001_axis-1h_25,5-26,5mm_8,98g-s~0.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Moesia, Markianopolis, AMNG-I-648; Varbanov-975,p, AE-23, Garlands Decorated table62 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Moesia, Markianopolis, AMNG-I-648; Varbanov-975,p, AE-23, 975,ΚYΝΤΙΛΛΙΑΝΟΥ-ΜΑΡΚΙΑΝΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ, Garlands Decorated table
avers:- ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝΟC-ΠIOC-ΑΥΓΟΥCTOC, laureate head of the Caracalla left.
revers:- ΥΠ-ΚYΝΤΙΛΛΙΑΝΟΥ-ΜΑΡΚΙΑΝΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ, Garlands Decorated table with lion feet, it altar on which stands an eagle with open wings, left and right a banner.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25,5-26,5mm, weight: 8,98g, axis: 1h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: AD., ref: AMNG-I-648; Varbanov-975,
a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 648 var. (different legend break)
obv. AMNG I/1, 646 var. (different legend breaks)
b) Hristova/Jekov (2013) 6.18.47.7 (same dies)
c) Pfeiffer (2013) 134 (same dies)
Q-001
quadrans
051_Caracalla_AE-27_AYK-_-__-___W_____VII-AVR-GALLOV-NIKOPOLITON-PROSISTR____OPOLIS_Q-001_axis-7h_27mm_10,48ga-s~0.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ 8.18.01.01-7variation, AE-27, VΠ-AVP-ΓAΛΛOV-NIKOΠOLITΩN-ΠPOCICT, Zeus, in himation, seated left,65 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), AE-27, Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ 8.18.01.01-7variation, AE-27, VΠ-AVP-ΓAΛΛOV-NIKOΠOLITΩN-ΠPOCICT, Zeus, in himation, seated left,
avers:- AY.K.M.AY-ANTΩNINO, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.(avers type HHJ 8.18.10.5)
revers:- VΠ-AVP-ΓAΛΛOV-NIKOΠOLITΩN-(ΠPOCICTP in ex.), Zeus, in himation, seated left, holding patera in right hand and resting with left hand on sceptre.
exe: -/-//ΠPOCICTP, diameter: 27mm, weight: 10,48g, axis: 7h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, Aurelius Gallus (201-203 A.D.), date: 201-203 A.D., Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov 8.18.01.01,
Q-001
ps: " a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) not in Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2012):
rev. No. 8.18.1.1 var.
obv. e.g. No. 8.18.10.5 corr. (Hermes, writes ANTWNEINo)
unpublished?" by Jochen thank you Jochen.
Nikopolis Addenda II, # 117,
quadrans
051_Caracalla_AE-17_MAP-AV-KA-ANT_NI_Bareheaded-bust-r__NIKO_O_IT-_POC-ICTP_Bust-of-Serapis-r_-wearing-Kalathos_Varbanov-2918-legend-var-R4_320-324-AD__Q-001_h_17mm_2,85g-s.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.18.06.05, AE-17, Serapis,63 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.18.06.05, AE-17, Serapis,
avers:- MAP-AV-KA-ANTΩNI, Bareheaded-bust-r.
revers:- NIKOΠOΛIT-ΠPOC-ICTP, Bust-of-Serapis-r.-wearing-Kalathos
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 2,85g, axis: 8h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum,date: 196 (195?)-197.-AD, under Caracalla as Caesar, by Jochen ! Thank you Jochen:)
ref: Varbanov-2918, R4!! + legend var., Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov HHJ-8.18.6.5,
Q-001
#465 A correction
Caracalla as Caesar, AD 196-197, AE 17, 2.85g
obv. MAR AV KA - ANTWNI bare head r.
rev. NIKOPOLIT PROC ICTR bust of Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 8.18.6.4 corr. (writes in error ANTWNINO)
coll. quadrans, Forum Ancient Coins
by Jochen ,
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=60706.525
thank you Jochen
quadrans
051_Caracalla_AE-18_AVR-M-A-ANTONIN_NIKOPOLITON-PROC-ICT_Nikopolis_HHJ-8_18_48_--_p-_Q-001_2h_17,5mm_3,83ga-s~0.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.18.48. ???, AE-17, 8 pointed star in crescent,62 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.18.48. ???, AE-17, 8 pointed star in crescent,
avers:- AVP-M-A-ANTΩNIN, Laureate head right.
revers:- NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICT, 8 pointed star in crescent.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,83g, axis: 2h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: A.D., ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov HHJ-8.18.48.???, p-221-or -222,
Q-001

"I have added your coin to Nikopolis Addenda III under:
A new rev. for Caracalla
Caracalla, AD 198-217
AE 18, 3.83g, 17.5mm, 60°
obv. AV K M A - ANTWNIN
laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLITWN PROC ICT
Crescent with 8-pointed star in the cavity
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) not in Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013):
rev. No. 8.18.48.2 var. (has ICTRO)
obv. e.g. No. 8.18.53.4
coll. quadrans, Forum Ancient Coins
AV K M A - ANTWNIN with "laureate head r." is a rare obv."
by Jochen Thank you Jochen
quadrans
051_Caracalla_(198_-_217_A_D_)_AE-27_THRACE-ANCHIALUS__-___-_-dot-AV-K-M-AYP-ANT_NINOC_OY__IANON-A_XIA___N_Q-001_0h_27mm_11,66g-s.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Thrace, Anchialus, Varbanov II 336-337 but not this bust in Varbanov (Engl), AE-27, OYΛΠIANON AΓXIAΛΕΩN, Eagle standing on thunderbolt, 66 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Thrace, Anchialus, Varbanov II 336-337 but not this bust in Varbanov (Engl), AE-27, OYΛΠIANON AΓXIAΛΕΩN, Eagle standing on thunderbolt, head left,
avers:- AV-K-M-AYP-ANTΩNINOC, Laureate head right.
revers:- OYΛΠIANON-AΓXIAΛΕΩN, Eagle standing on thunderbolt, head left, wings spread, and wreath in beak.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 27mm, weight: 11,66g, axis: 0h,
mint: Trache, Anchialus, date: A.D., ref: Varbanov II 336-337,but not this bust, p-38,
Q-001
quadrans
051p_Caracalla_(196-198_Cae,198-217_A_D__Aug),_Thrace,_Pautalia,_Varbanov_II__5129v_(EEa)_,_AE-29,_Q-001_7h_29-29,5mm_15,67g-s.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Thrace, Pautalia, Varbanov II. 5129var., AE-29, OYΛΠIAC ΠAYTAΛIAC, Hermes standing half left, #190 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Thrace, Pautalia, Varbanov II. 5129var., AE-29, OYΛΠIAC ΠAYTAΛIAC, Hermes standing half left, #1
avers:- AYT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC, Laureate head right (EEa).
revers:- OYΛΠIAC ΠAYTAΛIAC, Hermes standing half left, holding purse and caduceus, with chlamys in left hand.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 29,0-29,5mm, weight: 15,67g, axis:7h,
mint: Thrace, Pautalia, date: A.D., ref: Varbanov(Engl.,2005) II. 5129var., (Not in this legend and bust variation, EEa).
Q-001
quadrans
RI 053a img.jpg
053 - Lucius Verus Denarius - Unlisted with this bust type62 viewsObv:– IMP L AVREL VERVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– CONCORD AVG TR P / COS II, Concordia seated left holding patera
Unlisted.
Notes - with many thanks to Curtis Clay for his help with the following information on this coin.
This is a somewhat scarce type for Verus on denarii. The RD hoard lists 9 specimens without TR P in the reverse legend and 6 specimens like this with TR P. Of the 6 RD coins with TR P, 4 showed head bare, 1 head bare with fold of cloak on shoulders, 1 bust draped with head bare. The last two were new variants, the first had been reported in Rivista ital. di num. 1907. New specimens of this coin can easily show new bust variants and this is one of them.
BMC lists ten different right-facing portrait types for Verus on aurei and denarii of 161, plus three left-facing types!
maridvnvm
056.jpg
053 CARUS BASTIEN 470 RRR38 viewsEMPEROR: Carus
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP C M AVR CARVS AVG; helmeted, radiate, and cuirassed bust right
REVERSE: PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding branch and transverse sceptre; B in left field.
DATE: november - december 282 AD
MINT: Lugdunum, 3rd emmission
WEIGHT: 3.03 g
RIC: RIC V-2, 13 VAR. (PAX AVG legend unlisted; only PAX AVGG)
BASTIEN: 470 (2 ex.)
NOTE: only 3rd known specimen !!!
1 commentsBarnaba6
53c.jpg
053c Elagabalus. AE 1816 viewsobv: AVT K M AVR ANTONINO C laur. head r.
rev: MAPKIANOTTO ATTON tall basket with grapes
hill132
053_Geta_(209-211_A_D_),_AE-17,_Markianopolis,_Moesia,_Varbanov_1107,_Eagle_standing_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
053p Geta (209-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova-Jekov (2014) 06.22.01.04, AE-17, Eagle standing right, #164 views053p Geta (209-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova-Jekov (2014) 06.22.01.04, AE-17, Eagle standing right, #1
avers: Λ;-CEΠ-ΓETAC, Bust of younger Geta, draped and cuirassed(?), bare-headed, right.
reverse: MARKIANOΠOLITΩN, Eagle with closed wings standing right on staff, head with wreath in beaks left.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: Geta as Caesar, 198-209 A.D.,
ref: a) AMNG I/1, 697 (1 Ex., Wien)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1105 corr. (cites AMNG 697, but writes head r.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2012) No. 6.22.1.4 (same dies)
d) not in Pfeiffer (2013)
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
054_Macrinus_(217-218_A_D_),AE-27-Pentassarion__AV_K_OPPE_CEV-_Hera_and_Peacock_Markianopolis-Moesia_Inf_HrJ_(2014)-not_in_217-18-AD-Q-001_6h_26,7-27,7mm_12,24ga-s~0.jpg
054p Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova-Jekov 06.24.03.???, AE-27, Pentassarion, Hera and peacock,138 views054p Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova-Jekov 06.24.03.???, AE-27, Pentassarion, Hera and peacock,
avers:- AV K OΠΠ CEVH MAKPEINOC • M OΠEΛ ANTΩNEINOC KAI •, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Macrinus facing bare-headed draped and cuirassed bust of Diadumenian.
revers:- VΠ ΠONTIANOV MAPKIA NOΠOΛEITΩN•, Hera in long garment and mantle, standing left, holding patera in outstretched right hand and
resting with raised left hand on scepter, Peacock at foot in left down, E in right field.
exe: -/-//E, diameter: 26,7-27,7mm, weight:12,24g, axis: 6h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: 217-218 A.D., ref: HrJ (2014) Not in this variation, Varbanov (2005) Not in -,
Q-001
quadrans
054_Macrinus_(217-218_A_D_),AE-27-Pentassarion__AV_K_OPPE_CEV-_Markianopolis-Moesia_Inf_Mus-532_Var1214v__217-18-AD-Q-001_axis-6h_26,5-27,5mm_10,41g-s.jpg
054p Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Mushmov-532., Varbanov-, AE-27, Pentassarion, 62 views054p Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Mushmov-532., Varbanov-, AE-27, Pentassarion,
avers:- AY-K-OΠEL-CEV-MAKREINOC-K-M-OΠEL-AN-TΩNEINOC•, Laureate head of Macrinus facing bare-headed bust of Diadumenian.
revers:- VΠ-ΠONTIANOV-MAΡKIANO-ΠOΛEITΩN, Artemis advancing right, holding bow and drawing arrow from quiver on her back, hound running right at foot, retrograde E in left field.
exe: Ǝ/-//ΠOΛIT, diameter: 27-28mm, weight: 12,38g, axis: 6h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: 217-218 A.D., ref: Mushmov-532., Varbanov-.,
a) AMNG I/1, 730 (like ex. 3, 4, 5, Paris, St.Petersburg, Wien)
b) Hristova/Jekov (2013) 6.24.13.3 (same dies)
c) not in Pfeiffer (2013)
Q-001
quadrans
054_Macrinus_(217-218_A_D_),_AE-27-Pentassarion,__AV_K_OPPE_CEV-__,_Markianopolis-Moesia_Inf_HrJ_(2014)-not_in,_217-18-AD,_Q-001,_7h,_26,5-27,5mm,_14,04g-s.jpg
054p Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Pfeiffer 218 (same dies), AE-27, Pentassarion, Pontianus, Zeus with an eagle at feet, 64 views054p Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Pfeiffer 218 (same dies), AE-27, Pentassarion, Pontianus, Zeus with an eagle at feet,
avers: AV K OΠΠEΛ CEV MAKPEINOC•K M OΠEΛ ANTΩNEINOC, Laureate bust of Macrinus facing bare-headed bust of Diadumenian.
reverse: VΠ ΠONTIANOV MAPKIANO/ΠOΛI, Naked Zeus standing left, holding patera and scepter, eagle at his feet.
exergue: Є/-//--, diameter: 26,5-27,5mm, weight:14,04g, axis: 7h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, Pontianus, date: 217-218 A.D., ref: Pfeiffer 218 (same dies), AMNG 715, Varbanov (2005, English) I. 1240, Hristova-Jekov (2014) 06.24.01.??, Not in,
a) Not in Hristova/Jekov (2014):
rev. HJ (2014) 6.24.1.5 (same die)
obv. HJ (2014) 6.24.1. 3 (but writes AVT K OPEL, the depicted coin is very worn)
b) Megaw (2nd ed,) MAR5.59c (but writes AVT K OPEL, the depicted coin is very worn)
Q-001
quadrans
059.jpg
055 NUMERIAN F9 BUST RRR14 viewsEMPEROR: Numerian
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP C NUMERIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, holding spear
REVERSE: MARS VICTOR, C in right field
DATE: early 284 AD
MINT: Lugdunum
WEIGHT: 3.59 g
RIC: V-2,388
BASTIEN: 561 (6 ex.)
NOTE: very rare and sough-after bust type
Barnaba6
055_Diadumenianus_AE-18_KM_OPEL_DIA_-_DOVMENIA_-_NOC_NIKO__O_IT__N-_POC_ICTP__Nikopolis_Q-001_axis-0h_18-18,5mm_3,99g-s~0.jpg
055p Diadumenian (217-218 A.D. Caesar, 218 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.25.54.??, (2012) Not in, Moesia Inferior, NIKO/POΛIT/ΩN-ΠROC/ICTRΩ/, Legend 4 line, New variation!!!,62 views055p Diadumenian (217-218 A.D. Caesar, 218 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.25.54.??, (2012) Not in, Moesia Inferior, NIKO/POΛIT/ΩN-ΠROC/ICTRΩ/, Legend 4 line, New variation!!!,
avers:- K-M-OΠΕΛ-ΔIAΔOVMENIA-NOC, Bare head right. (like HHJ-8.25.16.1)
revers:- NIKO/POΛIT/ΩN-ΠROC/ICTRΩ/, Legend 4 line. (like HHJ 8.25.54.05)
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 3,99g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 218 A.D., ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov Not in, new variation!!!
Q-001
quadrans
ImitationBlack.jpg
056/3 Ancient imitation21 viewsAnonymous. Ae Semis imitation. Probably first century BC. Obv: Laureate head of Saturn r.; behind, S. Rev: Prow r.; above, S and below, ROMA.
Crawford 56/3

Style and shape is not the best on this coin. However, as an ancient imitation it does have historical value.
Paddy
056_Elagabalus_(218-222_A_D_),_AE-16,_Markianopolis-Moesia-AYT-K-M-AVP-ANT_NEINOC_MARKIANO_OLIT_-N_H-J-6_26_53_2-rev-var__Q-001_0h_15,5-16,5mm_2,87g-s~0.jpg
056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova-Jekov 6.26.53.2var. (revers variation), AE-16, MARKIANOΠOLITΩ/N, Lion advancing right.119 views056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova-Jekov 6.26.53.2var. (revers variation), AE-16, MARKIANOΠOLITΩ/N, Lion advancing right.
avers: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC (NE ligate) , Laureate head right.
revers: MARKIANOΠOLITΩ/N, Lion advancing right.
exe: -/-//N, diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 2,87g, axis: 0h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: 218 A.D.,
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) not in Hristova/Jekov (2014):
rev. not listed
obv. e.g. No. 6.26.53.2
d) not in Pfeiffer (2013)
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
056_Elagabalus_(218-222_A_D_),_AE-16,_Markianopolis-Moesia-AYT-K-M-AVP-ANT_NINOC_MARKIANO_OLEIT_N_H-J-6_26_20_9_Q-001_1h_15,5-16,5mm_2,70g-s~0.jpg
056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.26.20.9, C AE-16, MARKIANOΠOLEITΩN, Coiled snake turns left.114 views056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.26.20.9, C AE-16, MARKIANOΠOLEITΩN, Coiled snake turns left.
avers: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNINOC (ΩN ligate), Laureate head right.
revers: MARKIANOΠOLEITΩN, Coiled snake turns left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 2,70g, axis:h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date:218 A.D.,
ref: a) AMNG I/1, ???
b) Varbanov (engl.) Not in,
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.26.20.9,
d) Pfeiffer (2013) ???
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
056_Elagabalus_(218-222_A_D_),_AE-17,_Markianopolis,_Moesia,_Moushmov_648,_MARKIANO_OLIT_N,_Four_stars_in_crescent_moon_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Varbanov (engl.) 1394, AE-17, MARKIANOΠOLITΩN, Four stars in crescent moon,67 views056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Varbanov (engl.) 1394, AE-17, MARKIANOΠOLITΩN, Four stars in crescent moon,
avers:- AVT K M AVP ANTΩNINOC (ΩN ligate) , Laureate head right.
revers:- MARKIANOΠOLITΩN (AΡ and ΩN ligate), Four stars in crescent moon.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: 217-218 A.D.,
ref: a) AMNG I/1, 933 (2 ex., Gotha, St. Petersburg)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1394
c) Hristova/Jekov (2012) No. 6.26.48.2 corr. (ligations not mentioned)
d) not in Pfeiffer (2013)
Q-001
quadrans
Faustina-Sr-RIC-394a.jpg
057. Faustina Senior.16 viewsDenarius, after 141 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: DIVA AVG FAVSTINA / Bust of Faustina.
Reverse: PIETAS AVG / Pietas veiled, standing, dropping incense on altar, and holding a box.
3.59 gm., 18.5 mm.
RIC #394a; Sear #4598.

Faustina died early on in the reign of her husband. Most of her coinage is from the extensive memorial coinage issued in the years after her death. The portrait on this particular coin is exceptionally elegant and dignified.

Visible on the reverse (lower right edge) of this coin is an inclusion of copper that did not get melted and mixed with the silver when the planchet was made. That this coin is probably not a fouree is evidenced by the fact that it weighs a bit more than other denarii of the period.
Callimachus
faustina-sr_den_veiled-bust-peacock_2_82gr_feb2012a.JPG
06 - Faustina I - 02 - AR Denarius - Peacock 'CONSECRATIO' - NGC Choice VF56 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Senior (138 - 141), Wife of Emperor Antoninus Pius (AD 138 - 161).
Silver Denarius, Struck at the Rome Mint by the Emperor Antoninus Pius to consecrate and commemorate his wife after her death.

(All Titles in Latin)
obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Veiled and Draped bust facing right.
rev: CONSECRATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

*Note how the two head feathers on the top of the Peacock's head seperate the 'R' and the 'A' in " CONSECR ATIO ' on the reverse.
***Less common type with Veiled bust obverse rather than her usual bust with hair wrapped on the top of her head, like on my other example of this type with the same reverse design and titles, and the same obverse titles.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Certified "Choice Very Fine" by NGC Ancients.
Strike: 4/5
Surface: 4/5
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
>^..^< CLICK PHOTO FOR FULLSIZE IMAGE >^..^
5 commentsrexesq
faustina-sr_den_veiled-bust-peacock_2_82gr_feb2012b.jpg
06 - Faustina I - 02 - AR Denarius - Peacock 'CONSECRATIO' - NGC Choice VF.15 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Senior (138 - 141), Wife of Emperor Antoninus Pius (AD 138 - 161).
Silver Denarius, Struck at the Rome Mint by the Emperor Antoninus Pius to consecrate and commemorate his wife after her death.

(All Titles in Latin)
obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Veiled and Draped bust facing right.
rev: CONSECRATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
~~
*Note how the head feathers on the peacock's head seperate the 'R' and the 'A' in CONSECR ATIO

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Certified "Choice Very Fine" by NGC Ancients.
Strike: 4/5
Surface: 4/5
----------------------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------------
** Any scratches, smudges or marks are on the slab, not the coin itself. **
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_peacock_2_62gr_00.jpg
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' 30 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.

rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_obv_01_rev_02.JPG
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - 0122 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_obv_04_rev_04.JPG
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - 0212 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_obv_14_rev_04.JPG
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - 0312 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_obv_13_rev_04.JPG
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - 0415 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_rev_06_off-color.jpg
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - off color10 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
*photo is off color due to my camera problems.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_rev_09.jpg
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - VII11 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.

Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.

2.62 grams.
rexesq
IMG_4595.jpg
06 Constantius Gallus13 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
RE-PARATIO
no beard, Phrygian helmet, reaching (headwear not in RIC for this issue)
CONSH / · in centre
Constantinople 122
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_4454.jpg
06 Constantius II13 views
D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
bearded, hair in a topknot, reaching
CONS Delta Dot?
Constantinople 135?
Randygeki(h2)
Nero_RIC_I_55.jpg
06 Nero RIC I 5528 viewsNero. 54-68 A.D. Rome Mint. 65-66 A.D. (3.30g, 18.7m, 5h). Obv: [N]ERO CAESAR AVGVS[TVS], laureate head right. Rev: ROMA in ex., Roma, helmeted and dr., seated l. on cuirass, r. holding Victory, l. parazonium by side, r. foot resting on helmet; shields, with greaves behind. RIC I 55 (R).

A worn denarius of Nero, but with an interesting reverse. Roma, deprecated frequently on denarii during the Republic, was as not frequently used during the empire. While not necessarily a scarce type, it seems less ubiquitous than Salas and Jupiter for Nero.
1 commentsLucas H
VHC06-coin.JPG
06- CANADA, 5 CENTS, KM2.24 viewsSize: 18.5 mm. Composition: .925 Silver/.0346 oz. Mintage: 2,000,000.
Grade: Raw VF+ to XF (some nicks, but also some pretty toning- which may be heat-induced, but I don't care).
Comments: Purchased from Bobby Hurst, aka "forvm" on eBay. Though not perfect, it will serve as an attractive "filler" until I step up to a full UNC.
lordmarcovan
Elagabalus-RIC-068.jpg
06. Elagabalus.12 viewsDenarius, 218-222 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES ANTONINVS AVG / Radiate bust of Elagabalus.
Reverse: FIDES EXERCITVS / Fides seated, holding eagle and standard, another standard in front of her.
2.50 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #68.
Callimachus
RI_062a_img.jpg
062 - Pescennius Niger denarius - RIC -. cf. RIC IV 70d24 viewsObv:– IMP CAE PESCEN NIGER IVST A, laureate head right
Rev:– ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma in military attire seated left on cuirass, no shield at side or feet, Victory offering wreath in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand
Minted in Antioch. Apr 193 - May 194 A.D
Reference:– Unpublished in primary references, cf. RIC IV 70d, RSC III 62b, BMCRE V p. 80 note, SRCV II 6121, Hunter III -,

Scratches and scrapes, small edge test cut, hard edge bump on reverse resulting in crack on obverse, slightly off center cutting off parts of legends

2.690g, maximum diameter 17.1mm, die axis 15o

Numerous varieties of Pescennius Niger denarii with Roma Aeternae reverses are published in the standard references, but none describe Roma as seated on a cuirass. A few have been seen with dealers though.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
062_Severus-Alexander_AE-22_M-AYP-_________C-K______-__N_Q-001_1h_21-22mm_6,22gx-s.jpg
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-22, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, Zeus seated left, Rare !!!,74 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-22, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, Zeus seated left, Rare !!!,
avers:- M-AYP-ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟC-K, Bare headed, Cuirassed bust right,
revers:- ΝΙΚΑΙ-ΕΩΝ, Zeus seated left, holding patera and sceptre,
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21-22 mm, weight:6,22 g, axis:1h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: Severus Alexander as Caesar under Elagabalus, mid-221 A.D. to March 222 A.D., rare!, ref: Not in Rec. Gen.,
Q-001
quadrans
RI 063f img.jpg
063 - Clodius Albinus As - RIC 59 96 viewsAE As
Obv:– D CL SEPT ALB CAES, Bare headed head right
Rev:– FORT REDVCI COS II, Fortuna, seated left holding rudder and cornucopia
Minted in Rome. A.D. 194 - A.D. 195
Reference:– BMCRE 547 note. RIC 59 (Rare)

Additional information from Curtis Clay:-

"Same dies as J. Hirsch 24, 1909, Weber 1793, Cat. 327 in my Oxford thesis.
The Fortuna Redux type is common on Albinus' sestertii, but rare on his denarii (4 spec. in Reka Devnia hoard) and on his asses. In my thesis I catalogued just eight specimens of the As, from two rev. dies. One of the rev. dies has wheel under seat, the other, from which your coin was struck, omits the wheel. Further specimens have turned up since 1972, but no new rev. dies.
Ragged flan as often and some pitting, but really quite a presentable specimen, in my opinion! "
maridvnvm
L-Verus-RIC-462.jpg
063. Lucius Verus.9 viewsDenarius, Dec. 161 - Dec. 162 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP L AVREL VERVS AVG / Bust of Lucius Verus.
Reverse: PROV DEOR TR P II COS II / Providentia standing, holding globe and cornucopiae.
3.24 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #482.

Providentia Deorum holding a globe and cornucopiae is intended to mark the power and wisdom of the Emperor (see Stevenson, p. 659). This emperor was not noted for these particular traits.
Callimachus
RI 064cz img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus AS - RIC unlisted39 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– SAL AV[G TR P II] COS II S--C, Salus sanding left, holding sceptre and patera over alter
Minted in Rome. Early A.D. 194
Reference(s) – Cohen -. RIC - (see below)

The following information provided courtesy of Mr. Curtis Clay.
A specimen of this coin is apparently misreported in RIC, p. 182, note *. It's a rare coin, only two such included in Curtis' unpublished 1972 die study of early Severan bronze coins.
Curtis knows the same rev. type muled with both dupondius and As obv. dies of 193 (IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG). It's not impossible that a sestertius with the same type might turn up someday!
Cohen 640 exactly describes this type, though omitting the IMP II in obverse legend, and calling the coin a sestertius.
maridvnvm
RI_064sx_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus barbarous denarius - copies RIC - (cf 484(a) 33 viewsBarbarous Denarius
Obv:– L SEPT SEVE PERT AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right
Rev:– MONE AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Barbarous copy imitating coins minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196-197
Reference:– Copies similar to BMC 448 Note (citing Cohen 332 (no authority cited)). RIC - (cf 484(a) (rated S)). Cohen 332
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064fh_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Barbarous Fouree denarius25 viewsObv:- SEVERVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:- MINERV SANCT, Minerva standing left holding shield and inverted spear
Fouree with barbarous style using a reverse type not used in Rome for this emperor
maridvnvm
RI_064oj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - O4 - RIC -28 viewsObv:–IMP CA L SE SEV PER AVG COS II, laureate head right
Rev:– MART-I V-ICTORI, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 – A.D. 195
Reference:– cf. BMCRE 378 note. RIC 406b. RSC 324e. (all citing Cohen 324 - Kholl)

Another example of this odd set of obverse legends.
maridvnvm
RI_064ls_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - O9 - RIC -85 viewsObv:– IMP CA L SE SEV PER AG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev– LIBER AVG, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC - RSC -.

Another reverse type for this unusual obverse die bringing my total to three different reverses.
maridvnvm
RI_064st_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Denarius - O9 - RIC -29 viewsObv:– IMP CA L SE SEV PER AG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MART-I V-ICTORI, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– cf. BMCRE 378 note. cf RIC 406b. RSC 324e. (all citing Cohen 324 - Kholl)

3.16 gms. 0 degrees
maridvnvm
RI_064ds_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -15 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVN R-EDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) seated left holding long palm and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, 194 A.D.
References:– RIC - would be in the region of RIC 383 but this reverse type with Hilaritas seated not known
Die axis 0 degrees. Weight 3.18g.
maridvnvm
RI_064dp_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -39 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG II C, laureate head right
Rev:– MONETAE AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopia in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
Reference:– RIC - (RIC 411b is AVG II C with MONETA AVG, RIC 412 is MONETAE AVG but with Obv Leg. CO II), BMCRE - (BMCRE 380 note var., which is RIC 411b above). RSC -

3.31g, 19.11mm, 0o

Very rare obverse legend variety
maridvnvm
RI_064es_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -40 viewsObv:– IMP CE L SEP SEV PERT AVG CO, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVC, Fides (sometimes referred to as Bonus Eventus) standing left holding basket of fruit and corn ears.
Minted in Emesa, Late A.D. 193 or Early A.D. 194
References:– RIC -, RSC -, BMCRE -.

2.47g, 18.29mm, 0o

This obverse legend variety makes it into RIC and BMCRE as a noted legend mixed in with the COS I series of A.D. 193 in association with a MANET AVG and a MONETAE AVG both cited from RD, where one example of each is listed. The reverse legend BONI EVENTVC is noted in RD as a var. of Cohen 68, which is listed with the COS II obverse legend with a single example listed and is listed in RIC from the RD hoards as a known variant of RIC 369.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064fl_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -50 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P IIII IMP II COS II, Mars standing right, resting on spear and shield
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -. RIN (Rivista Italiana di Nvmismatica Vol. XCVI (1994/1995)

2.72g. 17.78mm. 0o

Additional information from Curtis Clay:-
"Die match to example in British Museum, found at the site of a Roman villa in Kent, GB, in 1952. The same obv. die also occurs with the types MONETA AVG and LEG III IT AVG TR P COS.
Bickford-Smith recorded three other specimens, of which I also have plaster casts: his own coll. (probably now in BM), Klosterneuburg, and U.S. private collection. On these the rev. legend apparently ends COS rather than COS II.
This type was clearly struck in 194, when Septimius was TR P II and IMP III or IIII, so TR P IIII IMP II in the rev. legend is an error, the origin of which is obvious: the type is a rote copy of the identical type and legend on denarii of Lucius Verus of 164, Cohen 228-9. The titles apply to Lucius in 164, not Septimius in 194!"
maridvnvm
RI_064gt_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -33 viewsObv:–IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Fides standing right holding basket of fruit and corn ears
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -. (Not listed with Fides right)

2.72g. 17.10mm. 0o

Additional information from Curtis Clay “Not previously known for Septimius Severus but a reverse die match with a Julia Domna in Vienna”
maridvnvm
RI_064fk_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -21 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– VICTOR IVST AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 193
References:– RIC Page 139 (-) (this reverse legend not listed for COS I)

2.22g, 18.88mm, 0o
maridvnvm
RI_064fc_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -27 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MINER VICT .., Minerva standing left, holding spear in right hand, left hand on hip
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194-5
References:– RIC - (this reverse depiction of Minerva is not listed for Emesa). RSC 327e

Reverse die match to CNG 61 Lot 1915.
maridvnvm
RI_064im_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -20 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONEI (sic) AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -

Note MONEI instead of MONET
Martin Griffiths
RI_064rm_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - 40 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICITAS TIMPO (sic), two grain ears between crossed cornucopiae.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference:- Cohen -. BMCRE -, RIC IV -, RSC -

Not previously known with two grain ears.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064od_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -34 viewsObv:- L SEPT SEV PE-RE AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:- SAECVL FELIC, Crescent and seven stars..
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference:- BMCRE -. RIC IV -. RSC -.

The PERE is the first time that I have seen this variety of the obverse legend, which is normally seen as PERT, PERTE or PERET.
This reverse type not previously noted from this mint in any of the published references.
maridvnvm
RI_064iv_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -28 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONA SPEI .., Spes standing holding flower and lifting skirt
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
Ref:– BMCRE -. Cf 341 Note for CO II example with same reverse legend. RIC -. RSC 55d (citing Tinchant cat.)
Die axis 180 degrees. Weight 3.23g
maridvnvm
RI_064jh_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -33 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG II C, laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVAE(sic) REDVCI, Moneta/Aequitas standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 193
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.

2.99g, 17.53mm, 180o

Additional comments from Curtis Clay - "This combination of the FORTVNAE REDVCI legend with a type of Aequitas is reported on a denarius of Pescennius Niger by Cohen 25 (in a private collection), but does not seem to have been attested before for either Septimius Severus or Julia Domna, at least I can't find any such coin in BMC or RSC."
maridvnvm
RI_064kq_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -19 viewsObv:- IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right
Rev:- MART VICTOR, Mars, in military attire, standing left, holding Victory and spear
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195.
References :- BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.

This reverse type not listed for Septimius Severus.
maridvnvm
RI_064kl_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -23 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PE-RET AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– IOBI(sic.) VICTO, Jupiter seated left, Victory in right hand, scepter in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RSC -. RIC -.

RIC 454 note, RSC note and BMCRE W431 note have a similar reverse legend - IOBI VICT, citing Cohen 247 note (Vienna)
maridvnvm
RI_064is_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -39 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P IIII IMP II COS, Mars standing right, resting on spear and shield
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -. cf. RIN (Rivista Italiana di Nvmismatica Vol. XCVI (1994/1995)

2.59g. 18.71mm. 0o

Additional information courtesy of Curtis Clay:-

"Bickford-Smith recorded three other specimens, of which I also have plaster casts: his own coll. (probably now in BM), Klosterneuburg, and U.S. private collection. On these the rev. legend apparently ends COS rather than COS II.
This type was clearly struck in 194, when Septimius was TR P II and IMP III or IIII, so TR P IIII IMP II in the rev. legend is an error, the origin of which is obvious: the type is a rote copy of the identical type and legend on denarii of Lucius Verus of 164, Cohen 228-9. The titles apply to Lucius in 164, not Septimius in 194!"
maridvnvm
RI_064ma_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -31 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERTE AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R AVG, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.

This reverse legend not listed for Septimius Severus at Laodicea.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064mr_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -17 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVNE (sic) RDVCI (sic), Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.

This reverse type not listed in any major references for this issue.
maridvnvm
RI_064oh_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -71 viewsObv:- L - SEPT SEV PE-RT AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right
Rev:- LIERTA (sic.) AVG, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus in right hand, cornucopiae in left.
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 195 - 196
Reference:– BMC -. RIC -. RSC -.

This error not noted in the major references.
maridvnvm
RI_064nm_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -31 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P IIII IMP II COS, Mars standing right, resting on spear and shield
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -. cf. RIN (Rivista Italiana di Nvmismatica Vol. XCVI (1994/1995)

Additional information courtesy of Curtis Clay:-

"Bickford-Smith recorded three other specimens, of which I also have plaster casts: his own coll. (probably now in BM), Klosterneuburg, and U.S. private collection. On these the rev. legend apparently ends COS rather than COS II.
This type was clearly struck in 194, when Septimius was TR P II and IMP III or IIII, so TR P IIII IMP II in the rev. legend is an error, the origin of which is obvious: the type is a rote copy of the identical type and legend on denarii of Lucius Verus of 164, Cohen 228-9. The titles apply to Lucius in 164, not Septimius in 194!"
maridvnvm
RI_064nw_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -45 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– VICT AVG TR P II COS II P P, Victory walking right, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in Rome. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC 690b (citing Gnecchi Coll., Rome)

Additional information courtesy of Curtis Clay:-
"I know a couple of other specimens too, BM probably has one from me and I may have another in my new collection.

Still very rare and interesting, IMP II generally rare on Rome-mint denarii, a muled obv.-rev. combination because COS II means after 1 Jan. 194, but the medallions prove that Septimius' IMP III must have already been known in Rome by about 25 Dec. 193."
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064ny_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -28 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTA REDVC, Fortuna seated left holding rudder and cornucopia
Minted in Laodicea ad Mare, A.D. 196 – 197
References:– RIC 479, RSC 170, BMCRE 442 Note. All citing Cohen 170 (Elberling Coll.)
maridvnvm
RI_064ob_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -72 viewsObv:- L SEPT SEV PE-RT AVG IMP - II, laureate head right
Rev:- LIB-ER AVG, Liberalitas seated left, holding abacus in right hand, cornucopiae in left.
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference:- BMCRE -. RIC IV -. RSC -.

Liberalitas seated not listed for this issue in any of the major references.
maridvnvm
RI_064og_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -23 viewsObv:- L - SEPT SEV PE-RT AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right
Rev:- MARTI VICT, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy.
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 195 - 196
Reference:– BMC -. RIC -. RSC -.

This type with this reverse legend not listed in any of the major references for this issue.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064pb_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -29 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG II C, laureate head right
Rev:– MONETAE AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopia in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
Reference:– RIC - (RIC 411b is AVG II C with MONETA AVG, RIC 412 is MONETAE AVG but with Obv Leg. CO II), BMCRE - (BMCRE 380 note var., which is RIC 411b above). RSC -

Very rare obverse legend variety
maridvnvm
RI_064pz_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -27 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG II C, laureate head right
Rev:– CERER FRVG, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears in right hand, torch in left.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE 345 notes. RIC -.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064qj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -16 viewsObv:- L SEPT SEV PE-RT AVG IMP - II, laureate head right
Rev:- LIB-ER AVG, Liberalitas seated left, holding abacus in right hand, cornucopiae in left.
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference:- BMCRE -. RIC IV -. RSC -.

Liberalitas seated not listed for this issue in any of the major references.
maridvnvm
RI_064ql_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -30 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG II C, laureate head right
Rev:– MONETAE AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopia in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
Reference:– RIC - (RIC 411b is AVG II C with MONETA AVG, RIC 412 is MONETAE AVG but with Obv Leg. CO II), BMCRE - (BMCRE 380 note var., which is RIC 411b above). RSC -

Very rare obverse legend variety
maridvnvm
RI_064qq_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -16 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERET AVG IMP I-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DEVC, Fortuna seated left holding rudder and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference(s) – BMC W Page 108 * var (citing Cohen 168 though Cohen 168 is PERT). RIC 451 var (451 listed for PERT and noted for PERET (RD)). RSC 168 var (PERET for PERT)

Lamination issue that has left a lump of silver missing on the portrait.
maridvnvm
RI_064ra_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -21 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PE-RET AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-D-EVC, Fortuna seated left holding rudder and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMC W Page 108 * var (citing Cohen 168 though Cohen 168 is PERT). RIC 451 var (451 listed for PERT and noted for PERET (RD)). RSC 168 var (PERET for PERT)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064rg_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Denarius - RIC -31 viewsDenarius
Obv:– L SEPT SEVER PERT - AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196 - 197
Reference:– BMC 448 Note (citing Cohen 332 (no authority cited)). RIC - (cf 484(a) (rated S)). Cohen 332
maridvnvm
RI_064rn_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -20 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONEI (sic) AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -

Note MONEI instead of MONET
maridvnvm
RI_064sn_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Denarius - RIC -18 viewsDenarius
Obv:– L SEPT SEVER PERT - AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196 - 197
Reference:– BMC 448 Note (citing Cohen 332 (no authority cited)). RIC - (cf 484(a) (rated S)). Cohen 332
maridvnvm
RI_064so_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -28 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG II C, laureate head right
Rev:– CERER FRVG, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears in right hand, torch in left.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE 345 notes. RIC -.

I now have two examples. Two different obverse dies and two different reverse dies.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064tu_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -11 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERET AVG IMP I-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-D-EVC, Fortuna seated left holding rudder and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMC W Page 108 * var (citing Cohen 168 though Cohen 168 is PERT). RIC 451 var (451 listed for PERT and noted for PERET (RD)). RSC 168 var (PERET for PERT)
maridvnvm
RI_064kn_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -4 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right
Rev:– FORTV [RE]DVC, Fortuna seated left holding branch and cornucopia
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194-195
Reference(s) – BMCRE - (This reverse type not listed for Laodicea, I also have an IMP II example). RIC -. RSC -
maridvnvm
RI_064ju_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -8 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– VICTO-R AVG, Victory advancing left, holding wreath in both hands
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC - (reverse type not listed for Laodicea). RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI_064kl_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -8 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PE-RET AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– IOBI(sic.) VICTO, Jupiter seated left, Victory in right hand, scepter in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RSC -. RIC -.

RIC 454 note, RSC note and BMCRE W431 note have a similar reverse legend - IOBI VICT, citing Cohen 247 note (Vienna)
maridvnvm
RI_064sv_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - error21 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I - I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICITAS TEMPOR, grain ear between crossed cornucopiae / VICTOR SEVER AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE 347 note/ BMCRE 399. RIC 347A/RIC 428. RSC 141b/RSC 749

The reverse of this coin has been struck with two diffrerent reverse dies during the strking process. The coin was originally struck, not removed and then struck again with a different reverse die.
maridvnvm
RI_064sv_reva.JPG
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - error - rev 115 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I - I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICITAS TEMPOR, grain ear between crossed cornucopiae / VICTOR SEVER AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE 347 note/ BMCRE 399. RIC 347A/RIC 428. RSC 141b/RSC 749

The reverse of this coin has been struck with two diffrerent reverse dies during the strking process. The coin was originally struck, not removed and then struck again with a different reverse die.
maridvnvm
RI_064sv_revb.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - error - rev 215 viewsdenarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I - I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICITAS TEMPOR, grain ear between crossed cornucopiae / VICTOR SEVER AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE 347 note/ BMCRE 399. RIC 347A/RIC 428. RSC 141b/RSC 749

The reverse of this coin has been struck with two diffrerent reverse dies during the strking process. The coin was originally struck, not removed and then struck again with a different reverse die
maridvnvm
RI_064ok_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -. cf RIC 411a19 viewsObv:–IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right
Rev:– MONTE (sic) AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 – A.D. 195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -. This error not noted. cf. BMC 380ff. RIC 411a. RSC 330 .

This error not noted in any of the major references.
maridvnvm
RI_064om_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 00338 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– LEG I ITAL / TR P COS, Legionary eagle between two standards
Minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:– Cohen 257 (citing Wiczay). RIC 3 (Scarce citing Cohen). BMCRE p.21 noted as requiring confirmation (citing Cohen). Only 1 example in RD.

A reverse die match to an example owned by Doug Smith which provides confirmation of the reading.
maridvnvm
RI 064eg img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 01250 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– LEG XI CL / TR P COS, Legionary eagle between two standards, Capricorns on standards.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:– Cohen 268. RIC 12 (Scarce)

Capricorns were the symbols of the XIIII the legion though Capricorns have been noted on several other legions in error.

Legio XI Claudia Pia Fidelis dates back to the two legions (the other was the XIIth) recruited by Julius Caesar to invade Gallia in 58 BC, and it existed at least until early 5th century, guarding lower Danube in Durostorum (modern Silistra, Bulgaria).
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064mj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 01225 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– LEG XI CL / TR P COS, Legionary eagle between two standards, Capricorns on standards.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:– Cohen 268. RIC 12 (Scarce)

Capricorns were the symbols of the XIIII the legion though Capricorns have been noted on several other legions in error.

Legio XI Claudia Pia Fidelis dates back to the two legions (the other was the XIIth) recruited by Julius Caesar to invade Gallia in 58 BC, and it existed at least until early 5th century, guarding lower Danube in Durostorum (modern Silistra, Bulgaria).
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064ks_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 029A42 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– VICT AVG TR P COS II P P, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in Rome. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE P. 30 Note 61. RIC 29A (Rare). RSC 688a.

Weight 2.16g. 18.08mm.
maridvnvm
RI_064gw_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34425 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– AEQVITAS II, Aequitas standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 344 (Rare), BMCRE 319, RSC 18

3.12g. 17.70mm. 0o

I have other examples. This one is off-centre and not all the legends or devices are visible. I can forgive all these because I love this Alexandrian portrait.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064mq_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 349 note18 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– FIDEI LEG TR P COS II, Fides standing left holding Victory and standard
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:– RIC 349 note.
maridvnvm
RI_064ja_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 362a28 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– VICTOR IVST AVG II COS, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 193
Ref:– BMCRE W338 note. RIC 362a (Rated R2). RSC 740a

2.96g, 18.79mm, 180o

Only one other example known – “reported by Bickford-Smith from Dura Europus 942”
All references cite the same coin from the 3rd Dura Hoard, Num. Notes and Monographs, 55, Pg 46. No. 216
maridvnvm
RI_064tf_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 362a24 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– VICTOR IVST AVG II COS, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 193
Ref:– BMCRE W338 note. RIC 362a (Rated R2). RSC 740a

3.03g, 18.28mm, 180o

Only two other examples known – “reported by Bickford-Smith from Dura Europus 942”
All references cite the same coin from the 3rd Dura Hoard, Num. Notes and Monographs, 55, Pg 46. No. 216
Another example from the same die pair in my own collection.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064hz_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 369 Note15 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev: – BON-I EVENTV, Fides standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE 343 Note, RIC 369 Note, RSC 68b all citing RD Hoard Page 94 where 4 examples are cited
Die axis 180 degrees. Weight 2.80g
maridvnvm
RI_064my_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 37212 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICIT TEMPO, grain ear between crossed cornucopiae.
Minted in eastern COS II mint (Emesa ?). A.D. 194-195
Reference:- Cohen 142. BMCRE 347 note. RIC IV 372 (Rated S). RSC 142.

On the face of it this coin is simply RIC IV 372 though RIC notes that Cohen likely has SEPT in error. RIC and BMCRE cite Cohen 142 for this variant (TEMPO instead of the usual TEMPOR). Cohen 142 reads FELICIT TEMPOR or TEMPO. It would appear that RIC and BMCRE could not find other examples of the TEMPO type other than Cohen when mentioning this variation.
maridvnvm
RI_064fb_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 373 Note19 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICIT TEMPOM (sic), grain ear between crossed cornucopiae.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference:- RIC IV 373 note
Die axis 0 degrees. Weight 3.09g
maridvnvm
RI_064rc_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 376B18 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L CEP(sic) SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT REDVC, Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference(s) – BMCRE - (Noted as variant of 352 in footnotes). RIC 376B (Rated Scarce). All citing RD paragraph 55, page 44, no. 205
maridvnvm
RI_064ep_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 38118 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVNA REDVCI, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopiae
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE W354 note. RIC 381 (Scarce), RSC 185a

2.98g, 18.70mm, 0o
maridvnvm
RI_064dc_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 385 Note20 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVN REDVC, Fortuna (Pietas) standing left holding patera and cornucopia, sacrificing over altar
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194-195
References:– RIC 385 Note (Scarce)
Die axis 180 degrees. Weight 2.80g
maridvnvm
RI 064dz img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 40020 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– LIBERAL AVG, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus in right hand, cornucopiae in left.
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194-195
References:– BMCRE 373 note. RIC IV RIC 400, RSC 283a
maridvnvm
RI_064kk_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 40017 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– LIBERAL AVG, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus in right hand, cornucopiae in left.
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194-195
References:– BMCRE 373 note. RIC IV RIC 400, RSC 283a
maridvnvm
RI_064jf_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 405a var.17 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICTO, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
References:– BMCRE W 378 note var. RIC 405a var. RSC 318e var.

All these references cite a single coin from the Reka Devnia hoard page 98, which in itself refers to Cohen 324 var. Cohen 324 is MART VICT and has CA and PER as obverse legend variations and so it is implied that this coin also has the same obverse legend variations. Perhaps this interpretation is incorrect and it is simply the regular COS II legend as on my coin, which is think is quite likely.
maridvnvm
RI_064jv_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 405b19 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS - (II), Laureate head right
Rev:– MAREI (sic) VICT, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Emesa, 194 - 195 A.D.
References:– BMCRE p. 95 note (Citing RD p. 98). RIC 405b.

3.05g, 17.93mm, 0o
maridvnvm
RI_064kj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 412 corr19 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONETA .. AVG, Moneta seated left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– RIC 412 corr., RSC -

RIC 412 is noted as MONETA II AVG which is an odd legend. I have three examples of this reverse die (two of Severus and one of Domna) that show that this legend is in fact MONETA .. AVG where the two dots have been misread as II.
maridvnvm
RI_064ta_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 412 corr23 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONETA .. AVG, Moneta seated left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– RIC 412 corr., RSC -

RIC 412 is noted as MONETA II AVG which is an odd legend. I have three examples of this reverse die (two of Severus and one of Domna) that show that this legend is in fact MONETA .. AVG where the two dots have been misread as II.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064ji_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 414 note20 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right
Rev:– POMA (sic) [A-E-T]ERNA, Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory in right hand, sceptre in left (shield behind)
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMCRE pg. 97. * note. RIC 414 note. RSC 614 var
maridvnvm
RI_064tc_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 414 note9 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right
Rev:– POMA (sic) [A-E-T]ERNA, Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory in right hand, sceptre in left (shield behind)
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMCRE pg. 97. * note. RIC 414 note. RSC 614 var
maridvnvm
RI_064jn_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 431a19 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right
Rev:– VIRTVTE AVG, Virtus standing left, holding Victory in right hand, inverted spear in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMCRE W404 (plate 17.12, same reverse die and quite possibly the same obverse die). RIC 431a (Rated Rare, citing RD, p 106). RSC 771a.
RD contained 1 specimen.

BMCRE notes that the obverse legend break is unknown due to missing middle of legend and the RD coin is noted as having the right hand of the obverse legend missing.
maridvnvm
RI_064jg_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 4547 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP I - I, laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI VICT, Jupiter seated left, Victory in right hand, scepter in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 195
References:– BMCRE W431 note. RIC 454 (citing Cohen, rated Scarce). RSC 247 (Citing Copenhagen).

The Copenhagen coin would appear to be the source of all these references.
maridvnvm
RI_064nq_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 455b65 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERET AVG IMP - II, laureate head right
Rev:– LIBE-R AVG, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE p. 108 432 note (432 is PERTE, citing Lawrence). RIC 455b (S citing L. A. Lawrence coll.).
maridvnvm
RI_064po_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 455b17 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERET AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– LIB-E-R AVG, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE p. 108 432 note (432 is PERTE, citing Lawrence). RIC 455b (S citing L. A. Lawrence coll.).
maridvnvm
RI_064qc_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 455b26 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERET AVG IMP - II, laureate head right
Rev:– LIBE-R AVG, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE p. 108 432 note (432 in PERTE, citing Lawrence). RIC 455b (S citing L. A. Lawrence coll.).
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064nb_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 455b8 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERET AVG IMP - II, laureate head right
Rev:– LIBE-R AVG, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE p. 108 432 note (432 is PERTE, citing Lawrence). RIC 455b (S citing L. A. Lawrence coll.).
maridvnvm
RI_064km_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 457 var.21 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERET AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MART VICTOR, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 457 var, RSC 323a var, BMCRE 108 note var. (all have PERTE where this coin has PERET in the obverse legend)
maridvnvm
RI_064km_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 457 var.6 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERET AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MART VICTOR, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 457 var, RSC 323a var, BMCRE 108 note var. (all have PERTE where this coin has PERET in the obverse legend)
maridvnvm
RI_064ir_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 459 note10 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERET AVG IMP I-I, laureate head right
Rev:– M-ONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC 459 note (citing RD). RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI_064js_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 459 note7 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERET AVG IMP - II, laureate head right
Rev:– M-ONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC 459 note (citing RD). RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI_064ge_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 467 corr.21 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– BON EVENT, Fides standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196 - 197
Reference:– BMCRE 437 Note corr. (VIII not VII). RIC 467 corr. (S) (467 is IMP VII). Cohen 63 (citing Paris).

Evidently no examples of this reverse legend variety were seen by the authors of RIC or BMCRE as they both note the coin but cite Cohen 63 which evidently cites a misread obverse legend of VII likely being VII-I from Paris.
maridvnvm
RI_064mo_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 467 corr.26 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– BON EVENT, Fides standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196 - 197
Reference:– BMCRE 437 Note corr. (VIII not VII). RIC 467 corr. (S) (467 is IMP VII). Cohen 63 (citing Paris).

Evidently no examples of this reverse legend variety were seen by the authors of RIC or BMCRE as they both note the coin but cite Cohen 63 which evidently cites a misread obverse legend of VII likely being VII-I from Paris.
maridvnvm
RI_064sa_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 467 corr.13 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– BON EVENT, Fides standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196 - 197
Reference:– BMCRE 437 Note corr. (VIII not VII). RIC 467 corr. (S) (467 is IMP VII). Cohen 63 (citing Paris).

Evidently no examples of this reverse legend variety were seen by the authors of RIC or BMCRE as they both note the coin but cite Cohen 63 which evidently cites a misread obverse legend of VII likely being VII-I from Paris.
maridvnvm
RI_064no_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 47915 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PE-RT AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right
Rev:– FORTA R-EDVC, Fortuna seated left holding rudder and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 195 - 196
Reference:– BMC W442 note (citing Cohen). RIC 479 (citing Cohen). RSC 170 (Cohen 170, Elberling Coll.). RD (1 example)
maridvnvm
RI_064ow_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 497b corr.20 viewsObv:– L SEP SEVERVS PER AVG PIV IMP XI PAR P M, laureate head right
Rev:– SALVTI AVGG, Salus seated left feeding snake coiled around altar
Eastern mint. A.D. 198
Reference:– BMCRE page 281 Note, citing RD page 102. RIC 497b corr.

Holed and worn but an obverse die match to my other two examples from this rare earliest version of obverse legend variety.

Very rare.
maridvnvm
RI_064ex_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (-)24 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta seated left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 193
References:– RIC Page 139 (-) (this reverse type not listed for COS I)

2.88g, 19.17mm, 0o

Ex. J. Malter collection
maridvnvm
RI_064eb_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (-)21 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE - V PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– LIBERT AVG, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 193
References:– RIC Page 139 (-) (this reverse type not listed for COS I)

2.83g, 19.51mm, 0o

Whilst the legend reads COS I the bust style is not that commonly seen with the COS I types. This is possibly a later COS II where the second I was missed.
maridvnvm
RI_064ea_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (-)36 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE - V PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– MINER VICT, Minerva standing left, holding spear in right hand, left hand on hip
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194
References:– RIC Page 139 (-) (this reverse depiction of Minerva is not listed for Emesa)

1.96g, 18.91mm, 180o

The reverse type also seen in CNG 61 Lot 1915 but with COS II.
maridvnvm
RI_064mi_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (-)66 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta seated left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 193
References:– RIC Page 139 (-) (this reverse type not listed for COS I)
maridvnvm
RI_064ku_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Sestertius - RIC ??28 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII?, laureate head right /
Rev:– P M TR P III?? COS II P P, S - C, Fortuna seated left ,holding rudder on globe, and cornucopiae (no wheel)
Minted in Rome.
Not enough legends available to make a full attribution.

Weight 17.70g. 29.52mm.
maridvnvm
GI 064e img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus, AE26, Markianopolis, Tyche 68 viewsObv:– AV K LCEP CEVHPOC, Laureate and draped bust right
Rev:– YI FAVCTINIA MAPKIANOPOLIT, Tyche (Fortuna) standing left holding cornucopia and rudder
Hristova/jekov 6.14.38.11 (lists VI FAVCTINIA-NOV) but NOV appears to be erroneous. The dies match on both obverse and reverse.
Not in Varbanov (Eng.) Vol.1
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064ho_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus, denarius, Ancient imitation?18 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– AEQVIT AVG TR P COS II, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia

I will freely admit that I bought this coin hoping that it would be a scarce Laodicea type combined with a hybrid reverse of Pertinax. Having discussed the coin with Curtis Clay he is of the opinion that :-
"I think I would consider the coin to be an ancient imitation.
The style is not right for the IMP II series.
That exact rev. type of Pertinax is known on authentic Alexandrian denarii of SS, but there with the obv. legend is that of 193 (probably the coin BMC and RIC refer to as hybrid), and again the coin is in different style."

I am still happy with my purchase and it is still an interesting coin. Perhaps one day I will be able to find out some more about it.
maridvnvm
RI_064ho_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus, denarius, Ancient imitation? 8 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– AEQVIT AVG TR P COS II, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia

I will freely admit that I bought this coin hoping that it would be a scarce Laodicea type combined with a hybrid reverse of Pertinax. Having discussed the coin with Curtis Clay he is of the opinion that :-
"I think I would consider the coin to be an ancient imitation.
The style is not right for the IMP II series.
That exact rev. type of Pertinax is known on authentic Alexandrian denarii of SS, but there with the obv. legend is that of 193 (probably the coin BMC and RIC refer to as hybrid), and again the coin is in different style."

I am still happy with my purchase and it is still an interesting coin. Perhaps one day I will be able to find out some more about it.
maridvnvm
064_Julia_Mamaea_(_-235_A_D_),_AE-19,_Nikomedeia_in_Bithynia,_NIKOMH___N-_IC-N__K,_Astakos_,_Not_listed__Q-001_7h_19mm_3,47g-s.jpg
064p Julia Mamaea ( ??-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nicomedia, AE-19, NIKOMHΔЄΩN-ΔIC-NЄΩK, Astakos ?,62 views064p Julia Mamaea ( ??-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nicomedia, AE-19, NIKOMHΔЄΩN-ΔIC-NЄΩK, Astakos ?,
avers:- IOVΛIA-MAMAIA-AVG,
revers:- NIKOMHΔЄΩN-ΔIC-NЄΩK, Astakos ?,
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,47g, axis: 7h,
mint: Bithynia, Nicomedia, date: ??? A.D., ref: Not listed ???,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_065ao_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC -25 viewsObv:– IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust facing right
Rev:– VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left, holding helmet and palm, resting elbow on column with cuirass right, Cupid holding shield at feet
Minted in Rome
References:– RIC -. RSC -. BMCRE -.

This reverse type not mentioned in any of the major references.
maridvnvm
RI_065q_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 61615 viewsObv:– IVLIA DO-MNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– BONI EV-ENTVS (S modified from C), Fides standing left, holding plate of fruit in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference(s) – RIC Emesa 616 (Rare); BMCRE 328B; RSC 10.

S modified from C not noted in references.
Martin Griffiths
RI_065ab_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 62135 viewsObv:– IVLIA DO-MNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– FELECITAS TEMPOR, Grain ear between crossed cornucopiae.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 195
Reference(s) – RIC IV 621 (Rare, Septimius confirmed, noted as doubtful by RIC but with FELICITAS)
Martin Griffiths
RI_065bi_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 62429 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– FORT-VN REDVC, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Minted in Syria.
Reference:– BMCRE p. 103 note citing Cohen 65 (Hamburger Coll.). RIC IV 624 (Rated scarce). RSC 65
maridvnvm
RI_065z_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 628 var.21 viewsObv:– IVLA (sic) DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– MONETA AVG, Moneta, seated left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194-195
References:– RIC 628 var (Not listed in RIC with this error in the obverse legend)
Martin Griffiths
RI_066bu_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Ae As - RIC 532b23 viewsObv:- ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- P M TR P XVII IMP III COS IIII P P - S C, Mars, helmeted in military dress, cloak over left arm, standing front, head left, right knee slightly bent, holding branch raised in right hand and vertical spear in left hand. Items on ground. I cannot really make them out but at magnification they look like helmet on left, cuirass between legs and spear resting on shield.

This seems to generally match RIC 532b, which cites Cohen 260. RIC 532a is the same reverse type with a Laureate head right. BMCRE does not include this type with this bust but does include the type in the notes to BMCRE 268. BMCRE 268, which is the Laureate head type is described as right foot on helmet with cuirass? to right.
maridvnvm
RI_066bq_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Denarius - RIC 00424 viewsDenarius
Obv:– M AVR ANTONINVS CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SEVERI AVG PII FIL, sacrificial implements
Minted in Rome. A.D. 196
Reference:– BMCRE 186 has matching bust type though not illustrated. RIC 4 (though bust from front rather than the more usual rear). RSC 587.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_066bl_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Denarius - RIC IV -30 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Rev:– SEVERI [PII] AVG FIL, Caracalla standing left, holding Victory on globe in right hand, reversed spear in left; captive seated left on ground before
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 201.
Reference:– BMC -. RIC -. RSC -. This reverse type not recorded for the mint of Laodicea. See RIC 45 and BMCRE 172 for the same type from Rome.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_066bo_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Denarius - RIC IV 00413 viewsDenarius
Obv:– M AVR ANTONINVS CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SEVERI AVG PII FIL, sacrificial implements
Minted in Rome. A.D. 196
Reference:– BMCRE 186 has matching bust type though not illustrated. RIC 4 (though bust from front rather than the more usual rear). RSC 587.
maridvnvm
LarryW1905.jpg
0666 Focas 602-61047 viewsBronze three-quarter follis (30 nummi), 26.3mm, 10.1g, EF
Struck at Cyzikus, 609-610
[d N FOCAS] PERP AVG, bust facing wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with pendilia and cross on circlet / large XXX, cross above, stigma II (year 8) right, KYZ A in exg. Very rare type, some flatness in the striking.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins; Harlan Berk
Sear 666v; DO 77, note (Longuet collection); MIB 77 (citing two specimens -- Birmingham and Longuet collection)
Lawrence Woolslayer
261Hadrian_RIC673d.jpg
0673 Hadrian AS Roma 125-28 AD Galley right.25 viewsReference
RIC 673; C. 446; spink 3682; BMCRE 446

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
laureate, draped on left shoulder, right.

Rev. COS III SC below
Galley with arched cabin in stern and rowers, right; prow slanting mast with small sail.

9.48 gr
26 mm
6h

Note.
I was told by a friend galley left referring underway to Rome and right underway from Rome
okidoki
927_P_Hadrian_RPC675.jpg
0675 THRACE, Abdera. Hadrian Ae 17 young beardless bust21 viewsReference.
RPC III, 675; C-N 909-16 (dies unlisted); Varbanov 21 var Münzer/Strack, Thrakien, S. 119, 252

Obv. ΑΥΤΟ ΤΡΑ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС ΚΑΙСΑΡ
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Hadrian right

Rev. ΑΥ ΤΡΑ ΘΕ ΔΙ ΑΒΔΗΡΙΤΗ
Laureate, draped and cuirassed male head, r., seen from rear

4.40 gr
17 mm
6h

Note.
CNG Auction 406 lot 596
From the Belgica Collection. Ex Peus 403 (27 April 2011), lot 335
okidoki
925Hadrian_RIC678.jpg
0678 Hadrian AS Roma 125-28 AD Salus standing49 viewsReference.
RIC 678

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder

Rev. SALVS AVGVSTI / COS III / S - C in field
Salus standing left, holding sceptre and feeding snake coiled round altar

10.59 gr
27 mm
6h

Note.
Ex col. Frans Pouwel, Netherlands, collected since the ‘80’s.
2 commentsokidoki
067_Maximus_(235-238_A_D_),_AE-19,_Nikaia_in_Bithynia,__#915;_IOV_OVH_MAXIMOC_K,__#925;__#921;_#922;__#913;_#921;__#917;__#937;N,_Howgego_65,_Q-001,_1h,_18,5mm,_3,67g-s.jpg
067p Maximus (235-238 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, Howgego 65, AE-19, Ν ΙΚ ΑΙ Ε /ΩN, Between and beneath three standards,66 views067p Maximus (235-238 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, Howgego 65, AE-19, Ν ΙΚ ΑΙ Ε /ΩN, Between and beneath three standards,
avers: Γ IOV OVH MAXIMOC K, Bare, draped, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Ν ΙΚ ΑΙ Ε /ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 3,67g, axis: 1h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: 235-38 AD., ref: Howgego 65, BMC Bithynia Not in!
Q-001
quadrans
708_P_Hadrian_Strack31.jpg
067var. Hadrian Denarius 134-38 AD Genius standing no altar Eastern mint 16 viewsReference.
Strack cf*31; cf RIC 173 (no PP)

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Laureate head right

Rev. COS III
Genius standing left with patera No altar, holding cornucopiae.

2.79 gr
19 mm
6h

Note.
Ex maridvnvm
okidoki
GI_069b_img.jpg
069 - Macrinus - AE27, Nicopolis ad Istrum2 viewsAE27
Obv:- AYT K M OPELLI CEV MAKRINOC AYG, laureate head right
Rev:- VP KTA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITWN PROC IC, Aequitas/Dikaiosyne standing right, holding scales and cornucopiae; wheel before (note mixed attribute with Nemesis)
Minted in Nicopolis ad Istrum. Magistrate Statius Longinus

References:- AMNG I/1, 1772, not in Varbanov (engl.), Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.23.35.17
maridvnvm
07-Alex-Pella-P250.jpg
07. "Pella": Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.30 viewsTetradrachm, ca 315 - 310 BC, "Pella" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Boeotian shield at left, Σ. between the rungs of the throne.
17.24 gm., 26 mm.
P. #250; PROa #135.

Alexander appointed Antipater regent in Macedon during his absence. After Alexander's death in 323 BC, Antipater continued ruling as regent until his own death in 319 BC. Thereafter his son Kassander ruled until 297 BC, eventually taking the title of King in 305 BC. He was notorious for his cruelty, and in 311 BC he killed Alexander's widow and her young son. The silver coinage of Kassander's reign was all issued in the name of Alexander.
Callimachus
Caracalla-Prieur-1144.jpg
07. Caracalla.23 viewsTetradrachm, 205-207 AD, Laodiceia ad Mare.
Obverse: AVT KAI . ANTΩNEINOC . CE . / Laureate bust of Caracalla.
Reverse: ΔHMAPX EΞ VΠATOC B / Eagle, holding wreath in beak, star between legs.
12.91 gm., 25 mm.
Bellinger #57; Prieur #1144.

When Caracalla went to the East to wage war with the Parthians, he issued vast quantities of tetradrachms to finance the activity. This coin, however, is not from that series; it was minted about 10 years earlier when Septimius Severus was still emperor. The main distinguishing feature of this coin is a bust of Caracalla as an adolescent, with just the beginnings of sideburns. It is a fairly scare type. For more information see "Severan Tetradrachms of Laodiceia" by R. G. McAlee in ANS Museum Notes #29 (1984), pages 43-59.

Prieur #1144 has the same obverse die as this coin. However, the reverse legend of #1144 has a Γ at the end of it. Prieur knew of only one example of this coin. Several years ago CNG had a coin from similar dies with the reverse legend ending in a B. Unfortunately, the last letter of the reverse legend on this coin is not real clear.
Callimachus
RI_071ae_img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus denarius - RIC 8736 viewsElagabalus Denarius
Obv:– IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, horned, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– INVICTVS SACERDOS AVG, Elagabalus standing holding patera over an altar and branch. Star in right field. Horn on ground to his left
Minted in Rome. A.D. 222
Reference– BMC 209 note. RIC 87 (where it is rated Common citing Cohen). RSC III 58. Cohen 58 (illustrated with star in right field) valued at 50 Fr. No examples in RD.
ex Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG Sale 42, Lot 379, 20th November 2007, ex Barry Feirstein Collection, previously privately purchased from Harlan J. Berk.
Described as Lightly toned and good extremely fine by NAC.
21 mm. 3.11 gms. 0 degrees.

The coin would certainly seem to be scarcer than the "Common" rating given in RIC would imply. No examples in RD, only one example on acsearch (this coin). No examples on Wildwinds (the RIC 87 there would appear to be in error).
1 commentsmaridvnvm
156Hadrian__RIC714.jpg
0714 Hadrian AS Roma 132-34 AD Clementia28 viewsReference.
RIC 714;

Obv. HADRIANVS – AVGVSTVS
bare-headed and draped bust of Hadrian right

Rev. CLEMENTIA AVG – COS III P P in field S – C
Clementia, draped, standing left, holding patera in extended right hand and vertical sceptre in left.

10.35 gr
27 mm
12 h

Note.
Ex Charles Darrah Collection of Flavian and Antonine Bronzes.
okidoki
1126_P_Sabina_RPC717A.jpg
0717 THRACE, Perinthus. Sabina Hera standing20 viewsReference.
RPC III 717 corr. altar

Obv. СΑΒΙΝΑ СΕΒΑСΤΗ
Draped bust right.

Rev. ΠΕΡΙΝΘΙΩΝ
Hera standing left, holding sceptre and patera over lighted altar to left.

4.6 gr
20 mm
6h

Note.
Hera was the wife and older sister of Zeus. She was as goddess of women and marriage. Juno was her equivalent in Roman mythology.
okidoki
90Hadrian__RIC725.jpg
0725 Hadrian AS Roma 132-34 AD Indulgentia25 viewsReference.
RIC 725; C. 849; BMC S. 462; Strack 817

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right

Rev. INDVLGENTIA – AVG COS III P P in ex
Indulgentia seated l., extending r. hand and holding sceptre.

10.78 gr
27 mm
6h

Note.
Indulgentia. Clemency, lenity, grace, favour. -This word is used on Roman coins to denote either some permission given, some privilege bestowed, or some tribute remitted. -In inscriptions of a very early date, princes are called indulgentissimi.
(FORVM)
okidoki
780_P_Hadrian_RPC728.jpg
0728 THRACE, Bizya, Hadrian 117-19 AD City gate 31 viewsReference.
RPC III, 728; Jurukova Bizye, pl. 1, 3; 6 (same dies) 1A; Price-Trell p. 247, 83; Varbanov 1421 var.

Magistrate Maec- Nep- (presbeutès and antistrategos)

Obv. ΑΥΤΟ ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС ΚΑΙСΑΡ СΕΒ ΓΕΡ
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., with paludamentum

Rev. ΕΠΙ ΜΑΙ ΝΕΠ ΠΡΕСΒ ΚΑΙ ΑΝΤ ΒΙΖΥΗΝΩΝ
City gate, flanked by two towers, surmounted by a figure in quadriga, r.

18.00 gr
31 mm
6h

Note.
The portrait of Hadrian is based on the features of Trajan, as were the earliest coins of Hadrian in Rome.

ex Numismatik Lanz auction 160, lot 414
ex FORVM
okidoki
072_Gordianus-III__(238-244_A_D_),_AE-27_AVTK____W________C_V__V_CABMO_ECTOVNIKO_O_EIT_N_P_OCICTPON__Nic_ad_Istr__HHJ-08_36_4_-,_M_Inf_Q-001_6h_26,5-28mm_12_2g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.36.05.??, AE-28, Athena standing frontal,132 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.36.05.??, AE-28, Athena standing frontal,
avers:- AVT-K-M-ANT-W-ΓOPΔIANOC-AVΓ (AVΓ ligate), Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, right.
revers:- VΠ-CAB-MOΔECTOV-NI-KOΠOΛEITΩN-ΠP (ΠP ligate), in right field one below the other POC [I]C[T]P, in upper left field ON (Γ?), Athena in long girded double chiton, helmeted, standing frontal, head left, resting with raised left hand on inverted spear and holding with lowered right hand shield seen from inside set on ground.
exe: O/N/Γ(?)//O/C/I/C/T/P//--, diameter: 26,5-28mm, weight: 12,2g, axis: 6h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, Sabinius Modestus (241-244 A.D.,) date: 241-244 A.D.,
ref. a) not in AMNG:
AMNG I/1, 2051 (for the type only)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4177 (but Varbanov doesn't differentiate between different legend
distributions!)
c) not in Hristova-Hoeft-Jekov (2015)
rev. No. 8. 36.4 (for the depiction only)
obv. e.g. No. 8.36.4.4 (same die)
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-20-AS-_IMP-CAES-M-ANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSCO-L-VIM_AN-_I_I__Pick-Not-in_PM-1-16-1_Mus-Not-in_240-241-AD_Q-001_7h_20-21mm_4,41ga-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-16-01, AE-As, Lion are sitting, Rare!!!, #162 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-16-01, AE-As, Lion are sitting, Rare!!!, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSCO-L-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side, the lion are sitting and holding its leg !!!.
exergo:AN •I•I•, diameter: 20mm, weight: 4,41g, axis: 7h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 240-241 A.D., ref: Pick-Not-in, PM-1-16-1, Rare!!
Q-001
quadrans
1242_P_Hadrian_RPC746_7.jpg
0746 THRACE. Philippopolis Hadrian, Herbus reclining, with city goddess standing26 viewsReference.
RPC III, 746.7; Mouchmov 12-14, Varbanov 636; BMC -. SNG Cop. -. Slg. Lindgren - ; SNG Tübingen - ; SNG Evelpidis - ; Mionnet -

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑСΤΟС
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r. with paludamentum seen from rear


Rev. ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ
Female figure wearing polos standing l., holding patera in r. hand and poppy and two ears of corn in l. hand; on l., river-god (Hebrus) reclining

25.44 gr
33 mm
6h

Note.
Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung auction 224 lot 353 2014
4 commentsokidoki
1339_P_Hadrian_RPC747.jpg
0747 THRACE. Philippopolis Hadrian, Herbus standing16 viewsReference.
RPC III, 747; Mouchmov 15, Varbanov 640

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟϹ ϹΕΒΑϹΤΟϹ
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r. with paludamentum seen from rear

Rev. ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ, ΡΟϹ (in ex.)
River god (Hebrus) reclining l., holding cornucopia in r. hand and reed in l., his l. arm resting on overturned amphora from which water flows

24.17 gr
34 mm
6h

Note.
Lanz 132, 27 Nov. 2006, lot 386
1 commentsokidoki
1182_P_Hadrian_RPC749.jpg
0749 var. THRACE. Philippopolis Hadrian, Apollo standing21 viewsReference.
RPC III, 749 var.

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑСΤΟС
Bare-headed and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r. with paludamentum seen from rear

Rev. ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ
Apollo standing l., naked but a drapery on his r. shoulder, holding patera in his right hand and an laurel-branche in his l. hand

9.36 gr
24 mm
6h

Note.
Harlan J. Berk
This variant with Apollo holding a branch rather than two arrows in his lowered left hand is not in RPC, though Vabanov 629-30 reports such a reverse type combined with two different (laureate) bust types, citing Mouchmov's monograph on the ancient coins of Philippopolis, nos. 16 and 17
1 commentsokidoki
075-Otac-Severa_AR-Ant_M-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG_IVNO-CONSERVAT_Roma_RIC-127_246-48-AD_Q-001_h_mm_0,00ga-s.jpg
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 127, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #0182 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 127, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #01
avers:- M OTACIL SEVERA AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno ( the consort of Jupiter) veiled, standing left,, holding patera and scepter.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 20,0-22,7mm, weight: 4,15g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 246-248A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-127, p-, RSC 20, Sear 2628, Scarce,
Q-001
Note: RIC notes that this coin is probably issued from Antioch but since there is uncertainty, leaves it under Rome.
quadrans
075-Otac-Severa_AR-Ant_M-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG_IVNO-CONSERVAT_Roma_RIC-127_246-48-AD_Q-002_h_mm_0,00ga-s.jpg
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 127, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #0263 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 127, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #02
avers:- M OTACIL SEVERA AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno ( the consort of Jupiter) veiled, standing left,, holding patera and scepter.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 22,0-23,5mm, weight: 3,90g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 246-248A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-127, p-, RSC 20, Sear 2628, Scarce,
Q-002
Note: RIC notes that this coin is probably issued from Antioch but since there is uncertainty, leaves it under Rome.
quadrans
1300_P_Hadrian_RPC759.jpg
0759 THRACE, Coela Hadrian, Prow left15 viewsReference.
RPC III, 759; Mouchmov 5558 corr.; Varbanov 2885 corr.

Obv. IMP CAESAR T[ ]ADRIANVS[ ]
Laureate and draped bust of Hadrian, right

Rev. AEL MVNICIPI COELANO
Prow to left

4.98 gr
20 mm
6h

Note.
Reverse legend is partially retrograde
okidoki
076-Philippus-II_AR-Ant_M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-CAES_AETERNITAS-AVG-G_RIC-IV-III-213_Rome_244-46-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
076a Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 213, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing right, #164 views076a Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 213, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing right, #1
avers:- M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 244-246 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-213, RSC 13, Sear 2650,
Q-001
Note: RIC questions whether the mint is Rome or Antioch. Seaby states that it is probably Antioch.
quadrans
076-Philippus-II_AR-Ant_M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-CAES_AETERNITAS-AVG-G_RIC-2213_Rome_244-46-AD_error_Q-002_h_mm_g-s.jpg
076a Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 213, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing right, #2, Error coin !60 views076a Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 213, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing right, #2, Error coin !
avers:- M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 244-246 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-213, RSC 13, Sear 2650,
Q-002
Note: RIC questions whether the mint is Rome or Antioch. Seaby states that it is probably Antioch.
quadrans
076-Philippus-II_AR-Ant_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_PM-T-RP-VI-COS-PP_RIC-Not-in_Antioch_249-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
076b Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III --- Not in!!!, Antioch, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P VI COS P P, Emperor standing left, Rare!!!,75 views076b Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III --- Not in!!!, Antioch, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P VI COS P P, Emperor standing left, Rare!!!,
avers:- IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front.
revers:- P M TR P VI COS P P, Emperor veiled, standing left, holding scepter and sacrificing out of patera over lighted tripod.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 249 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-Not in RIC !!!,Unlisted RIC with this obverse style, Rare !!! (known = 6), RSC 40var.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
076-Philippus-II_AR-Ant_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_AETERNIT-IMPER_RIC-226_Roma_246-47-AD_Scarce_Q-001_6h_20,5-22mm_4,34g-s.jpg
076b Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 226, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, AETERNIT IMPER, Sol advancing left, Scarce!, #169 views076b Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 226, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, AETERNIT IMPER, Sol advancing left, Scarce!, #1
avers: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers: AETERNIT IMPER, Sol advancing left, holding whip and raising right hand.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 20,5-22 mm, weight: 4,34 g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 246-47 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-226, RSC 6, Sear 2663, Scarce!
Q-001
Note: RIC questions whether this coin is from Antioch or if it is a hybrid from his father.
quadrans
076-Philippus-II_AR-Ant_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_AEQVITAS-AVG_RIC-240a-var_Antioch_247-48AD_Q-001_0h_20,5-22mm_3,76g-s.jpg
076b Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 240a var., Antioch, AR-Antoninianus, AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, Rare! #162 views076b Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 240a var., Antioch, AR-Antoninianus, AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, Rare! #1
avers:- IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Not AVGG!!.
revers:- AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 20,5-22 mm, weight: 3,76 g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Antioch, date: 247-48 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-240a variation, RIC Listed AVGG!!, RSC 1var., (known = 5)
Q-001
Note: Only Cohen lists as AVG. RIC and Seaby state that Cohen is in error. The AVG legend is unusual since Philip II never ruled without his father.
quadrans
076b_Philippus_II__RIC_246Av_,_AR-Ant,_IMP_M_IVL_PHILIPPVS_AVG,_AETERNITAS_AVG_G,_Antioch,_247-48_AD,_Q-001,_h,_22,5mm,_g-s.jpg
076b Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 246A var., Antioch, AR-Antoninianus, AETERNITAS AVG G, Elephant walking left, Rare!, #2125 views076b Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 246A var., Antioch, AR-Antoninianus, AETERNITAS AVG G, Elephant walking left, Rare!, #2
avers:- IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- AETERNITAS AVG G, Elephant walking left, with rider who holds goad and wand.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Antioch, date: 247-48 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-246A var., Not mentioned AVG G!, Rare!,
Q-002
quadrans
RI_077at_img~0.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 24834 viewsObv:– IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped, cuirassed, bust right
Rev:– MARS VLTOR, Mars standing left, leaning on shield and holding spear; standard resting on his right arm
Minted in Rome. 232 A.D.
Reference:– RIC 248. RSC 166.

Not a scarce coin but seemingly much scarcer than the more usual Mars advancing with spear and shield type.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_077bb_img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander Denarius - RIC 268 var22 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAN AVG, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– P M TR P II COS, Fortuna standing left, holding rudder set on globe and cornucopia; star to left
Minted in Antioch, Issue 3, A.D. 223
Reference(s) – RIC IV 268 var (obverse legend, normal legend is C). RSC 237 var (same)

RIC makes mention of a coin of the same type from the previous issue (Issue 2) being known with ALEXAN but I cannot find this in BMCRE. Another example but from a different die pair sold by CNG in 2009
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 077am img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 302 var.22 viewsObv:– IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed, bust right
Rev:– VICTORIA AVG, Victory running right with palm & wreath
Minted in Antioch.
Reference:– RIC 302 var. (This type not listed with a Star in the field)
maridvnvm
RI 077m img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - Unlisted Antioch63 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– VIRVS AVG, Virtus standing right, holding reversed spear and victory

Unlisted

This reverse type is not known for Antioch.
maridvnvm
079_Traianus-Decius,_RIC_IV-III_011b,_IMP_C_M_Q_TRAIANVS_DECIVS_AVG,_ADVENTVS_AVG,_RSC_4,_249-50-AD,_Q-001,_11h,_21-22mm,_4,44g-s.jpg
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0011b, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, ADVENTVS AVG, Decius on horse riding left, #160 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0011b, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, ADVENTVS AVG, Decius on horse riding left, #1
avers: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: ADVENTVS AVG, Decius on horse riding left, with left hand raised in salute and scepter in another arm.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 21,0-22,0 mm, weight: 4,44g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 249-250 A.D., ref: RIC IV-III 11b, RSC 4,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Traianus-Decius-AE-Dup_IMP-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG_PMS-C-OL-VIM_AN-XI_Pick-Not-in_PM-3-07-1_Mus-_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s~0.jpg
079p Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-07-01, AE-Dupondius, -/-//ANXI, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left, #162 views079p Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-07-01, AE-Dupondius, -/-//ANXI, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left, #1
avers:- IMP TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC OL VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right.
exergo: -/-//ANXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 249-250 A.D., ref: Pick-Not-in, PM-3-07-1,
Q-001
quadrans
V1085.jpg
07b Domitian as Caesar RIC 108588 viewsAR Denarius, 3.08g
Rome Mint, 79 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS; Salus, stg. r., resting on column, feeding snake out of patera
RIC 1085 (R2). BMC p. 47 note. RSC 385. BNC 238.
Acquired from eBay, 10 June 2018.

A rare left portrait variant of the common Salus type struck for Domitian Caesar under Vespasian. The reverse may be an illusion to Vespasian's ill health preceeding his death on 24 June 79. No specimens in the BM's collection, citing the Paris collection. A double die match with the RIC plate coin.

Good style and well centred.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
07e-Constantine-Sis-200b.jpg
07e. Constantine as Filius Augustorum: Siscia follis.30 viewsFollis, 309 - 310, Siscia mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS FIL AVGG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: GENIO AVGVSTI / Genius standing, chlamys over left shoulder, pouring liquid from patera, and holding cornucopiae. Crescent in left field; A in right field.
Mint mark: SIS
6.14 gm., 24 mm.
RIC #200b; PBCC #786; Sear #15581.

The obverse legend shows Constantine as "Filius Augustorum" -- an empty title granted him after the conference at Carnuntum in November 308. Coins with this title were issued for a short time at 5 mints under the control of Galerius (Siscia, Thessalonica, Nicomedia, Antioch, Alexandria). This title was not recognized in the area under the control of Constantine himself, nor in Italy which was under the control of Maxentius.
Callimachus
Otho_RIC_I_3_1.jpg
08 01 Otho RIC I 483 viewsOtho. 15 Jan. to April 69 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 69 A.D. (3.27g, 18.9mm, 6h). Obv: IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right. Obv: PAX ORBIS TERRARVM, Pax, draped, standing left, right holding branch, and left caduceus. RIC I 4, RCV 2156, RSC 3. Ex Warren Esty Personal Collection.

At 3 months, Otho had the shortest reign in the Year of the Four Emperors. During much of Nero’s reign, Otho administered Lusitania, and followed Galba when he marched on Rome. Upon Galba’s naming another as his successor to the throne, with some of the rankers of the Praetorian Guard, Otho staged a coup, had Galba murdered, and was declared Emperor.

THis is an odd reverse message for an emperor complicit in the murder of his one-time allie and predecessor Galba, while the legeons of Vitellius were Marching on Rome. PAX ORBIS TERRARVM "Peace on the Earth" is ironic given the civil war going on in Rome at the time.
5 commentsLucas H
domit_as_caesar_vesta_lg.jpg
08 Domitian as Caesar RIC-108778 viewsAR Denarius, 3.54g
Rome Mint, 79 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS; Vesta, std. l., with palladium and sceptre
RIC 1087 (C2). BMC 262. RSC 378. BNC 233.
Acquired from Amphora Coins, July 2008.

Vesta is supposed to be holding a palladium in her right hand, but on this example the legend covers up the palladium completely. It is barely visible (if at all) under the legend. Most examples of the type clearly show it in her out-stretched hand. A note for an aureus of the type in the BM (#261) notes - 'palladium hardly visible, sceptre nearly vertical'. There is no illustration of the specimen, so I'm guessing mine is similar.
vespasian70
08-Helena-Con-34-49.jpg
08. Helena: Constantinople.25 viewsA 4, 337 - 341, Constantinople mint.
Obverse: FL IVL HELENAE AVG / Diademed bust of Helena.
Reverse: PAX PVBLICA / Pax standing, holding branch and sceptre.
Mint mark: CONSE
1.57 gm., 15.5 mm.
RIC 34/49; LRBC #1047 var.; Sear #17497/98.

This coin does not really fit the description of RIC #34 or RIC #49:
RIC #34 - terminal dot to reverse legend, Officina E.
RIC #49 - without terminal dot. Officina Θ.
This coin - without terminal dot. Officina E.
Callimachus
Hostilian_AR-Antoninianus_C-OVAL-OSTIL-MES-COVINTVS-CAESAR_AEQVTAS-AVG_RIC-194cvar-NotinRIC_Antioch_251-AD_RRR_Q-001_axis-7h_22-22,5mm_3,48g-s.jpg
082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 194var, Antioch, AEQV(I)TAS AVG, Caesar, Not in RIC!!!, very Rare!,107 views082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 194var, Antioch, AEQV(I)TAS AVG, Caesar, Not in RIC!!!, very Rare!,
avers:- C O VAL OSTIL MES COVINTVS CAESAR, Radiate, draped bust right, "no dots" below bust !!,
revers:- AEQV(I)TAS AVG, Equity standing left holding cornucopia and scales.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22-22,5 mm, weight: 3,48 g, axis: 7h,
mint: Antioch, date: 251 A.D., ref: RIC-194c variation, Not in RIC this revers legend and without dots below the bust, very Rare!,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Hostilian_AR-Antoninianus_C-VAL-HOS-MES-QVINTVS-N-C_PRINCIPI-IVVENTVTIS_RIC-_C-_Rome_251-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_21-23mm_3_67g-s.jpg
082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III ???, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caesar, Very Rare!, Not in RIC!!!,77 views082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III ???, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caesar, Very Rare!, Not in RIC!!!,
avers:- C VAL HOS MES QVINTVS N C, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
revers:- RINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Apollo seated left, holding branch
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,67g, axis: h,
mint: Rome ?, date: 251 A.D.? ref: RIC- ,C- ,??, Very rare!, Not in RIC!!!,
Q-001
"A similar coin, overstruck on an earlier denarius of Geta in Decius' operation to convert circulating denarii into antononiani, was shown on Forvm by Hispanorvm, May 2005.
I wrote the coin into my RIC, but it did not turn up in a Forvm search for "Hostilian Geta" now, so it has perhaps been deleted.
For readers without easy access to RIC, this rev. type is well known for Hostilian Caesar with the longer legend
C VALENS HOSTIL MES QVINTVS N C,
but is not in RIC with the more abbreviated legend of Quadrans' coin,
C VAL HOS MES QVINTVS N C." by Curtis Clay. Thank you Curtis Clay.
quadrans
Hostilian_AR-Antoninianus_C-O-VAL-OSTIL-MES-C-QVINTVS-CAESAR_IV_VICTORIA-AVG_RIC-_C-_Rome_251-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_20-21,5mm_2,89g-s.jpg
082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III Unlisted!!!, Antioch, VICTORIA AVG, Caesar, Rare!,89 views082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III Unlisted!!!, Antioch, VICTORIA AVG, Caesar, Rare!,
avers:- C O VAL OSTIL MES C QVINTVS CAESAR, IV below the bust, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA AVG, Victory running right holding wreath and palm.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20-21,5 mm, weight: 2,89 g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Antioch, date: 251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III- Unlisted!!!, p148 , C- , Not in RIC this revers and "IV" under the bust, Very Rare!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
787Hadrian_RIC824.jpg
0824 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Roma standing46 viewsReference.
RIC 824; Strack 683

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P.
Bare head right.

Rev. ROMA / S - C.
Roma standing left, holding spear and palladium, with shield on his back.

11.83 gr
25 mm
6h

Note.
In Greek and Roman mythology, the palladium or palladion was a cult image of great antiquity on which the safety of Troy and later Rome was said to depend, the wooden statue (xoanon) of Pallas Athena
3 commentsokidoki
468Hadrian_RIC825.jpg
0825 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Diana standing.17 viewsReference.
RIC 825;

Obv.HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.

Rev. S-C
Diana standing left holding bow & arrows.

10.41 gr
25 mm
6h

Note.
minor variant on my other Diana bow otherway.
okidoki
VIM_Hostilianus_AE-27-Ses_C-VAL-HOST-M-QVINTVS-CAE_PM-S-C-OL-VI_AN_XII_P-150_PM-04-03-03_Q-001_1h_27mm_13,45gx-s.jpg
082p Hostilianus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 04-03-05var., AE-Sestertius, #0161 views082p Hostilianus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 04-03-05var., AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- C VAI HOST M OVINTVS CAE (not listed Legend var.), bare headed, draped, cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PM S C OL VI, Moesia standing facing, head left, right hand holding branch and the left hand holding globe.
exergo: -/-//AN XII, diameter: 27mm, weight: 13,45g, axis: 1h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: Pick-150var, PM-4-03-05var (OVINTVS not in Pick-Martin !), Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla-RIC-39b.jpg
083. Caracalla.10 viewsDenarius, 199-200 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS / Laureate bust of Caracalla.
Reverse: RECTOR ORBIS / Sol standing, holding globe and spear.
3.46 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #39b; Sear #6880.

RIC calls the figure on the reverse Sol, with a footnote saying "or Caracalla as Sol?" Sear calls the figure Caracalla. Even though the physique does not look like that of an 11 year-old boy, the legend RECTOR ORBIS (Ruler of the World) was probably intended to have a double meaning here.
Callimachus
852Hadrian_RIC844.jpg
0844 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Alexandria reclining45 viewsReference.
Strack 711; RIC II 844; C 161.

Obv HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bareheaded and draped bust r. wearing paludamentum

Rev. ALEXANDRIA below S C
Alexandria reclining l., holding ears of corn and vine branch; in front of her, ears of corn growing.
snake gliding from lap

11.44 gr
28 mm
6h

Note.
Ex NAC sale 78, 2014, 2249.
2 commentsokidoki
158Hadrian__RIC848c.jpg
0848 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Cappadocia standing27 viewsReference.
RIC 848c; C. 205; BMC 1730; Strack 714.

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bust of Hadrian, bare-headed, draped, right

Rev. CAPPADOCIA, S C across field
Cappadocia towered wearing tunic and cloak with tassels standing left holding a miniature of Mount Argaeus and a standard.

11.24 gr
26 mm
12h

Note.
Ex Charles Darrah Collection of Flavian and Antonine Bronzes.
okidoki
248Hadrian__RIC850f.JPG
0850 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Dacia36 viewsReference. Scarce
RIC 850;

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate, draped bust right, seen from back.

Rev. in ex. DACIA S-C in field
Dacia seated left on rock, holding vexillum and curved sword (Falx); r. foot rests on globe?

11.52 gr
26 mm
6h

Note.
At the time of the Dacian wars researchers have estimated that only ten percent of Spanish and Gallic warriors had access to swords, usually the nobility. By contrast Dacia had rich resources of iron and were prolific metal workers. It is clear that a large percentage of Dacians owned swords, greatly reducing Rome's military advantage.[7]
Marcus Cornelius Fronto described the large gaping wounds that a falx inflicted, and experiments have shown that a blow from a falx easily penetrated the Romans' lorica segmentata, incapacitating the majority of victims.
1 commentsokidoki
MehIIVtine38.jpg
0855-0886 AH - Mehmed II - Valentine #38 - Ottoman Mangir85 viewsSultan: Mehmed II (r. 1444-1448 AD, 1451-1481 AD)
Date: 1451-1481 AD (855-886 AH)
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Mangir

Obverse: Muh bin (Murad)

Reverse: Kallad mulkah (Adrina)

Edirne (Adrina) mint
Valentine #38
1.37g; 14.0mm; 180°

Note: If I don't have this coin oriented correctly, please tell me how to. Thank you.
1 commentsPep
DAC_Valerian-I_AE-25_IMP-P-L-VALERIANVS-AVG_PROVINCI-A-D-ACIA_AN-X_Pick-63var_PM-7-59-x-not-in_Mus-na_rare_Q-001_11h_26,5-28,5mm_8,75g-s.jpg
088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 07-59-??, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANX, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare!64 views088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 07-59-??, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANX, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare!
avers: IMP P L VALERIANVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
reverse: PROVINCI A D ACIA, Dacia standing left, between an eagle and a lion, right hand holding serpent, left hand holding standards, Year ANX in exergue.
exergue: -/-//ANX, diameter: 26,5-28,5mm, weight: 8,75g, axis: 11h,
mint: Dacia, date: 255-256 A.D., ref: Pick-63var??, PM-7-59-???, Mus-??,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_089l_img.jpg
089 - Phillip I Antoninianus - RIC -32 viewsObv:– IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– P M TR P IIII COS II P P, Felicitas standing half-left, holding caduceus with right hand and cornucopia in left arm
Minted in Antioch (2nd Issue). mid 247 to end of 247 AD
Reference– Ovari 28A, Bland 30, Cohen 136. RIC -. RSC -.

Not listed from Antioch.
Martin Griffiths
Mariniana_AR-Ant_DIVAE-MARINIANAE_CONSECRATIO_V-left-field_RIC-V-I-4-p64_C-4_254-58-AD_Viminacium_Q-003_0h_17,5-18,5mm_2,20g-s.jpg
089 Mariniana (254-58 A.D.), RIC V-I 004 note, Rome (Viminacium?), AR-Antoninianus, V/-//--, CONSECRATIO, Peacock standing facing, Scarce!, #1106 views089 Mariniana (254-58 A.D.), RIC V-I 004 note, Rome (Viminacium?), AR-Antoninianus, V/-//--, CONSECRATIO, Peacock standing facing, Scarce!, #1
Wife of Valerian I.
avers: DIVAE MARINIANAE, Veiled and draped bust right, set on the crescent.
reverse: CONSECRATIO, Peacock standing facing, head left, spreading plumage, mintmark V in left field down.
exergue: V/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,5 mm, weight: 2,20 g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome (Viminacium?), 4th-5th emission (?), date: 256-57 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 4note, p-64, MIR 36, 225b, RSC 5., Scarce!,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Mariniana_AE-27_DIVAE-MARINIANAE_PMSC_OL-VI_AN-XVI_Pick-na_PM-7-08-2_Mus-64_Q-001_h_27mm_9_76gx-s.jpg
089p Mariniana (??? A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 07-08-02, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXVI, P M S COL VIM, Female figure standing, facing left, Rare! #0166 views089p Mariniana (??? A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 07-08-02, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXVI, P M S COL VIM, Female figure standing, facing left, Rare! #01
Wife of Valerian I.
avers: DIVAE MARINIANAE, Veiled and draped bust right.
reverse: P M S C OL VIM (Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium), Female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right, in exergue ANXVI.
exergue: -/-//ANXVI, diameter: 27mm, weight:9,76g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 254-255 AD., ref: Pick-not listed, PM-7-08-2, Mus-not listed,
Q-001
quadrans
V1088.jpg
08a Domitian as Caesar RIC-108886 viewsAR Denarius, 3.14g
Rome Mint, 79 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS; Vesta std. l., with Palladium and sceptre
RIC 1088 (R3). BMC p. 46 note. RSC 379. BNC -.
Ex Den of Antiquity (eBay), October 2012.

A very rare (4th known) left facing portrait of the common Vesta and Palladium reverse. It is listed in Cohen as 379 (citing lot 784 of the de Moustier Sale of 1872) , although the new RIC states it is unverified (?). The lone example cited by RIC is in G. Mazzini's Monete imperiali romane, vol. 1. Also, Curtis Clay has a specimen, same die pair as mine. Left facing portraits of Domitian are extremely rare, especially those as Caesar.

Worn but all the major devices are visible.

Thanks to Curtis Clay for additional attribution help!
David Atherton
IMG_2655.JPG
09 Constantius Gallus48 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman,
hair straight up, no beard, reaching (hair type not in RIC)
SMN[?]

Nicomedia 97 var
C
ex DS
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
dom_1445.jpg
09 Domitian as Caesar RIC-1445121 viewsAR Denarius, 3.01g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: DOMITIANVS CAESAR AVG F; Bust of Domitian, cuirassed, seen from front, Medusa head on breast of cuirass, fold of cloak on left shoulder, head bare, r.
Rev: AVG and EPHE in oak wreath
RIC 1445 (R). BMC 469. RSC 22. RPC 846 (4 spec.). BNC 362.
Ex CNG E88, 14 September 2011, lot 1302.

Minted in 71 AD, this denarius is part of the first series ever issued for Domitian. The draped and cuirassed bust type chosen here is unusual for the Flavian era...one wonders why it was used only for Domitian and not Vespasian or Titus. The reverse is a standard type shared with Vespasian and Titus at Ephesus.

I'm not sure why it has taken me so long to obtain a Domitian as Caesar denarius from Ephesus, these are wonderful coins.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Vitellius_RIC_I_105.jpg
09 Vitellius RIC I 10581 viewsVitellius. Jan. 2-Dec. 20 69 AD. AR Denarius (2.71 g, 17.6m, 5h). Rome mint. Struck circa April-December AD 69. Obv: A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right. Rev: LIBERTAS RESTITVTA, Libertas, draped, standing facing holding pileus & long rod. RIC I 105; RSC 47.

With the same devices as RIC I 81, the difference on this coin is the abbreviated title GERM. Vitellius was commander of the legions in Germania Inferior when the Rhine legions declared him emperor in 69 A.D. He would have resigned as emperor, but was not allowed to do so when Vespasian’s eastern legions marched on Rome, and was ultimately killed and Vespasian was installed as emperor ending the Year of Four Emperors.
Lucas H
09-Alex-Alexandria.jpg
09. Alexandria: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.113 viewsTetradrachm, ca 310 - 305 BC, Alexandria (Egypt) mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander with Horn of Ammon, wearing elephant skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Athena carrying shield and hurling spear. Also small eagle sitting on thunderbolt at right. Two monograms: one at left, one at right.
15.10 gm., 26 mm.
S. #7749; BMC 6.6, 46.

You may have noticed that I refer to the obverse portraits on the Alexander the Great coins as "Head of Alexander as Herakles." Much has been written about these portraits as to whether or not they really portray Alexander's likeness. There can be no doubt, however, that the portrait on this coin was intended to be that of Alexander. Ptolemy issued this coin in the name of Alexander while he was Satrap of Egypt. The elephant skin headdress was probably inspired by the lion's skin headdress on Alexander's own coins. It likely refers to Alexander's conquests in India where he defeated an Indian army with 200 elephants. Beneath the elephant skin headdress, right above his ear, Alexander wears the Horn of Zeus Ammon. The priests of Zeus Ammon recognized Alexander as divine when he visited Egypt in 331 BC.
4 commentsCallimachus
111_036.JPG
090 Vespasian86 viewsVespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
Silver denarius, RIC II part 1, 362; SRCV I 2317, BMCRE II 74, F, 2.879g, 17.2mm, 195o, Rome mint, 72 - 73 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right; reverse VICTORIA AVGVSTI, Victory advancing right, crowning legionary standard with wreath with right, palm across shoulder in left.

"This type likely refers to the victory in Judaea but does not specifically identify that victory."
5 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Gallienus_Billon-Ant_IMP-GALLIENVS-P-F-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-V-COS-IIII-P-P_RIC-_C-__-AD_Q-001_6h_21mm_3,35ga-s.jpg
090a Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 122var. (??? Not in RIC this legend variation), Rome ???, P M TR P V COS IIII P P, Emperor veiled, seated left,85 views090a Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 122var. (??? Not in RIC this legend variation), Rome ???, P M TR P V COS IIII P P, Emperor veiled, seated left,
avers:- IMP GALLIENVS P F AVG GERM, Radiated, draped bust right.
revers:- P M TR P V COS IIII P P, Emperor, veiled, seated left in curule chair, holding globe in right hand and short sc