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CONTINE2-2.jpg
53 viewsConstantinus II - AE3 - Mint of Siscia - 330/337 A.D.
Ob.: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB CAES; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP VOT P R; two Victories place over a column a shield inscribed VOT P R
gs. 2,3 mm. 20,7
Cohen 222
1 commentsMaxentius
COSTGALLO-2.jpg
71 viewsConstantius Gallus - Centenionalis - 352/354 A.D. - Mint of Sirmio
Ob.: D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C; draped and cuirassed bust right. A in left field
Rev.: FEL TEMP REPARATIO; soldier spearing fallen horseman. III in left field
gs. 4,6 mm. 23,2
Maxentius
DenLMarcioCensorinobis.jpg
20 viewsDenarius - 82 BC.
L. MARCIVS CENSORINVS - Gens Marcia
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right
Rev.: L CENSOR, the satyr Marsyas, standing left with wineskin over shoulder; behind him, column surmounted by Victory.
Gs. 3,7 mm. 18,3
Craw. 363/1d, Sear RCV 281

Maxentius
DECEN-1.jpg
21 viewsDECENTIVS - AE Centenionalis - Lugdunum mint - 351/353
Obv.:DN DECENTIVS NOB CAES, cuirassed bust right
Rev.: VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAE, two Victories standing facing holding shield inscribed VOT V MVLT X, *SV in central field. SRLG in ex.
Gs. 4,7 mm. 21,2
Cohen 43
Maxentius
MAXIMIN2-1.jpg
57 viewsMAXIMINVS II - Follis - Mint of Carthago - 305-306 AD.
Obv.:GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES, laureate head right
Rev.: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART, Carthage standing left holding fruits in both hands, I in left field, Δ in ex.
Gs. 3,9 mm 29,4
RIC VI 40b, Cohen 150.
2 commentsMaxentius
CONTIUS1-1.jpg
49 viewsConstantius I Chlorus - AE Post-Reform Radiate - 294-299 AD - Alexandria mint
Obv.: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev.: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Constantius standing right, receiving globe from Jupiter standing opposite and holding a scepte, Δ between. In ex., ALE
Gs. 3,2 mm. 20,5
Cohen 20

Maxentius
CRISPUS-1.jpg
46 viewsCrispus - AE3 - 318 AD - Londinium mint
Obv. CRISPVS NOB CAES. Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left with orb and raising right hand, crescent to left, PLN in ex.
Gs. 3,9 mm. 19,1
Cohen 136, RIC 144
1 commentsMaxentius
GALERIUS-2.jpg
34 viewsGALERIVS - Silvered AE Follis - 297-298 AD. - Heraclea mint
Obv.: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right
Rev.: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera & cornucopia, HTΓ in ex.
Gs. 10,5 mm. 27,5
Cohen 78, RIC 20b
Maxentius
Julian-7.jpg
49 viewsJVLIAN II - AE3 - 355/360 - Aquileia mint
Obv.: D N CL IVLIANVS NOB CAES, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev.: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman. AQT in ex.
Gs. 2,5 mm. 16,7
RIC 213
Maxentius
10239q00.jpg
82 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 88, VF, 2.24g, 18.4mm, 180o, Antioch mint, 330 - 335 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers, each holding spear and shield on ground, flanking two standards, SMANH in exareich
CONTINE2-1.jpg
42 viewsObv- CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laureate draped and cuirassed bust right

Rev- DOMINOR dot NOSTROR dot CAES in wreath VOT X crescent

Exe- PT Ticinum mint

Ref- RIC VII 172
1 commentsMatthew Raica
Hera_1_.jpg
11 viewsAE 3, 16mm/2.95gm, fully silvered, struck c. 318 AD

Obv/ DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C; laur. and dr. bust r., holding in globe and sceptre in l. hand and mappa in r. hand.
Rev/ PROVIDENTIAE CAESS; Campgate, three towers, lamda in r. field.; SMH gamma in exergue.
Ref/ RIC VOL VII, 49
Mayadigger
VA10267LG.jpg
171 viewsCONSTANTINE II, as Caesar. 317-337 AD. Æ Follis (22mm - 3.19 g). Trier mint. Struck 321 AD.
obv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust left, holding Victory on a globe in right hand, mappa in left
rev: BEATA TRAN-QVILLITAS, globe set on altar inscribed VOT/IS/XX in three lines; PTR. RIC VII 312. EF, attractive brown patina.

ex VAuctions Sale : 213 Lot: 101, seller's picture
7 commentsareich
coin128.jpg
34 viewsCyzicus RIC 18a Constantius I Chlorus AE Post-
Reform Radiate. 294-299 AD. FL VAL CONSTA
NTIVS NOB CAES, radiate cuirassed bust right /
CONCORDIA MILITVM, Constantius standing
right receiving globe from Jupiter standing opposite
and holding a scepte, KB between. Coin #128
cars100
crispus_vot_dot_x_RT.jpg
57 viewsCrispus AE3. CRISPVS-NOB CAES, laureate head right
CAESARVM NOSTRORVM around VOT X within wreath. branchleft left and branchright right in wreath.
Mintmark: RS. Mint of Rome (2nd officina), 322 AD. RIC VII Rome 246 Rare (R2)
James b4
constantius_ii_campgate_smts1.jpg
39 viewsThe patina on this one is a beautiful dark green and glossy
Constantine II CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C LDC left
PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS 2 6 to 8, three seen with a base, two of them with dots in top layer SMTS Delta Thessalonica RIC VII Thessalonica 157 C3 326-328
James b4
britannicus01.jpg
47 viewsAE sestertius. Struck under Claudius, circa 50-54 AD, uncertain eastern provincial mint located in the modern-day Balkans.
Obv : TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG F BRITANNICVS, draped bust left.
Rev : - No legend, Mars advancing left, holding spear and shield, SC in fields. 35mm, 19.4g. Extremely Rare.

Ref : BMCRE 226
Cohen 2
RCV 1908, valued at $32,000 in Fine, which is a few multiples greater than any other sestertius issued during the several centuries the denomination was in use.
A large number of the surviving examples of this series (one may even suggest a majority of them), due to their rarity, have been subjected to modern alteration techniques such as smoothing, tooling, and repatination. As such, it's actually pleasant to see a bit of field roughness and a 'plain brown' patina of old copper on this example, evidence that it is just as ugly as it was the day it was last used in circulation back in Ancient Rome.
Britannicus, originally known as Germanicus after Claudius' older brother, was the emperor's original intended heir and natural son. Machinations by Agrippina II eventually saw Britannicus supplanted by her own son Nero, (by Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus) who took the throne upon Claudius' suspicious death. Britannicus himself died a few years later, reportedly poisoned by his step-brother. The future emperor Titus and Britannicus were close friends, and Titus became quite ill and nearly died after eating from the same poisoned dish that killed Britannicus.
R. Smits, Numismatist for Numismall
philip_Iric_IVc_8.jpg
19 viewsPHILIP I Antoninianus. 247 AD
22.5 mm, 3.6 grams

OBV: MP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
REV: NOBILITAS AVGG, Nobilitas standing right, holding sceptre and globe,  in left field.
RIC-IVc - 8
ziggy9
krisp_c.jpg
21 viewsObverse - CRIPVSNOBCAESverslaflamme
Sis_17_.jpg
20 viewsAE 3; 20mm, struck c. 319 AD

Con/ VF; brown patina.
Obv/ LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES; laur., dr. and cuir. bust r.
Rev/ VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP; two Victories stg. facing each other, together holding a shield inscribed VOT PR on an altar inscribed with the letter S. Gamma SIS pellet in exergue.
Ref/ RIC VII 70 = Rare 3
Mayadigger
crispvsvotx1s.jpg
Crispus, Siscia RIC 17530 viewsAE 3 / 4 Crispus Votive
Obverse: IVL CRIS PVS NOBC, laureate head right.
Reverse: CAESARVMNOSTRORVM around VOT X ( I pledge 10 years)
TSIS in ex. Siscia mint, 16.5 mm,. 2.4 g.
NORMAN K
rjb_fol4_01_09.jpg
"Boulogne" (VI) 17a42 viewsConstantius I as Caesar 293-305 AD
AE Follis
Obv: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate bust right
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
-/-//-
Uncertain continental mint (Boulogne?) operating around the time of the British invasion
RIC (VI) Lyon 17a
mauseus
con336s.jpg
Constantine II, RIC VII Rome 33628 viewsConstantine II, AE follis, 18mm, 2.3 g. Rome.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing, heads facing each other with two standards between them and each holds a spear and hand resting on a shield.
Mintmark RBS, Rome. 337-340 CE issue
NORMAN K
j100.jpg
Julian II RIC 100, Heraclea 355-360 CE25 viewsObverse: DN IVLIA-NVS NOB C, bare-headed, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: SPES REI-PVBLIC, emperor helmeted in military dress, standing left, holding globe and spear.
SMHD in ex. Heraclea mint. 17.4 mm., 1.8 g.
NORMAN K
rjb_2010_01_06~0.jpg
293cf21 viewsCrispus, Caesar 317-326 AD
AE Follis
Obv: CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev: VIRTVS CAESS
Camp gate with open doors
TA crescent RL
Arelate Mint
LRBC I - (cf293-4)
RIC (VII) Arles -
mauseus
Constantius_I_Lyons_167a.jpg
3 Constantius I22 viewsCONSTANTIUS I
AE1 Folles, Lyons, Struck 301-301 AD
CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust l.., scepter over r. shoulder / GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genuis standing left by altarholding patera and cornucopiae, A in l. field, PLG in ex.\\\\\\\\
RIC VI Lyons 167a
Sosius
Constantius_I_RIC_Cyzicus_19a.jpg
3 Constantius I22 viewsCONSTANTIUS I
AE light fraction, 295-299 AD

FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, RDC bust r, / CONCORDIA MI-LITVM, Emperor receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, KB between, no mintmark

RIC VI Cyzicus 19A Scarce
Sosius
Galerius_RIC_VI_Antioch_53b.jpg
4 Galerius25 viewsGALERIUS
AE Follis, Antioch, 299-300 A.D.

GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, bust l. / GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left left, holding patera and cornucopia, epsilon in r. filed, ANT in ex

RIC VI Antioch 53b
Sosius
Galerius_RIC_VII_Heraclea_18b_hwflip.jpg
4 Galerius33 viewsGALERIUS
Silvered Follis, Heraclea, 297-298 AD

GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, head l. / GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI, Genius standing l., holding patera and cornucopiae, HT epsilon in ex.

RIC VI Heraclea 20b
Sosius
Severus_II_RIC_VI_Siscia_170a.jpg
5 Severus II23 viewsSEVERUS II
AE Quarter-Folles , Siscia, 305-306 AD

FL VAL SEVERVS NOB C, Bust r. / GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopiae, SIS in ex

RIC VI Siscia 170a Rare
Sosius
Severus_II_Siscia_171a.jpg
5 Severus II24 viewsSEVERUS II
AE Quarter-Folles, Siscia, 305-306 AD

O: SEVERVS NOB C, Laureate bust left / GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius, naked, wearing modius, holding patera and cornucopia, chalmys over l. shoulder

RIC VI Siscia 171a; Rare; Fine, rough.
Sosius
RIC_VI_Nicomedia_55.jpg
6 Maximinus II25 viewsMAXIMINUS II
AE Follis, Nicomedia, 307-308 AD

GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES, bust l. / GENIO CA-ESARIS CM[H], Genius with patera and cornucopia, SMN gamma in ex.

RIC VI Nicomedia 55
Sosius
Valerian_II_RIC_49.jpg
6.5 Valerian II26 viewsVALERIAN II
BI Antoninianus, 256 - 8 A.D.
Antioch or Samosata mint

O: VALERIANVS NOBIL CAES, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust r.

R: PRINC IVVENTVTIS, Valerian, shield on ground and spear in left hand, crowning trophy of arms with r. hand

RIC V 49, RSC IV 67

Sosius
Valerian_II_RIC_20.jpg
6.5 Valerian II13 viewsVALERIAN II
AR Antoninianus, Rome Mint
254-255 AD

P C L VALERIANVS NOB CAES, Radiate draped bust r. / PIETAS AVGG, Sacrificial implements, including, lituus, knife, fluted jug turned left, simpulum and aspergillum

RIC V-1, 20; Cohen 56
Sosius
_arles_RIC_VII_347_2.jpg
73 Constantius II, Arles RIC VII 342v (added to wildwinds)22 viewsConstantius II
AE18, 2.2g, Arles. 330-348 AD.

FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields, standing left and right of two standards with thin poles and small badges. Star between standards. Mintmark SCONST.

RIC VII Arles 347v. Sear (2014) 17676 EF, irregular flan

Note: Coin unique due to star placement. Added to Wildwinds in May 2011
Sosius
Carinus_RIC_157c.jpg
8 Carinus43 viewsCARINUS
BI Antoninianus. Rome mint, 282 AD
M AVR CARINVS NOB C, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust r. / PIETAS AVGG, sacrificial implements (sprinkler, simpulum, jug, patera, knife and lituus), KAZ in ex.
RIC 157c. gVF. Ex Othilla Coins
Sosius
Carinus_RIC_152c.jpg
8 Carinus16 viewsCARINUS
BI Antoninianus. Lugdunum mint, 282 AD
CARINVS NOBIL CAES Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / SAECVLI FELICITAS Carinus standing right with globe and spear. Retrograde D in r. field
RIC 152c. aVF. Ex Othilla Coins
Sosius
Licinius_II_RIC_Cyzicus_.jpg
8.5 Licinius II34 viewsLICINIUS II
AE Follis, Cyzicus Mint, 317-320 AD

DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped bust l., holding sceptre in left hand, mappa in right hand / IOVI CONSER-VATORI CAESS, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and sceptre, wreath in l. field, B in r. field, SMK in ex.

RIC VII Cyzicus 11, VF. R3.
1 commentsSosius
Zeno_Solidus.jpg
98 Zeno Solidus23 viewsZeno, First Reign
AV Solidus. Constantinople Mint

D N ZENO-PERP AVG, facing helmeted and cuirassed bust, holding shield, spear behind / VICTORI-A AVGGG and officina letter, Victory standing left, holding long cross, star in right field, CONOB in exergue.

RIC 910. Sear (2014) 21514. Broad flan. Holed, but otherwise VF.

Thanks to FORVM member Rick2 for his help identifying this coin!
Sosius
Celtic.jpg
Celtic Coinage29 viewsContinental Celts & Tribes of Britannia
Gaul: Northwest Gaul: Aulerci Eburovices, Carnutes, Coriosolites, Redones, Senones, Veneti. Northeast Gaul: Ambiani, Remi, Suessiones (Cricironus), Treveri.
Central Gaul: Aediu, Arverni. Sequani (Turonos & Cantorix). Southern Gaul: Massalia (Marseilles), Tolostates, Volcae-Arecomici. Uncertain: Volcae Tectosages, Leuci, Senones.
Britain: Atrebates & Regni (Verica), Cantii (Amminus), CantuvellauniCorieltauvi (Volisios Dumnocoveros), Cunobelin, Dobunni, Durotriges, Epaticcus, Iceni, Trinovantes, Cantuvellauni & Trinovantes (Addedomaros, Caratacus).
Lower Danube: Geto-Dacians. Middle Danube: Hercuniates. Central Europe: Boii. Danubian Celts are also referred to as being from the Carpathian Region, in which there were various tribes, many unknown.
1 commentsChristian T
c_gallus~0.jpg
CONCORDIA MILITVM, Thessalonica; RIC VIII 16750 viewsConstantius Gallus, Caesar, AE Centenionalis. Thessalonica Mint, 23mm; FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed & cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA MILITVM, Gallus standing facing, head left, holding two labara, each bearing a Chi-Rho; G-//*TSE*. LRBC 1667. Thessalonica. RIC VIII 167.Podiceps
constans141.jpg
Constans, RIC VIII 141 Heraclea20 viewsConstans, AE 3, 333-336 CE.
Obverse: FLI CONSTANS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers facing each other holding spears and shields with two standards between them.
SMHE in ex. Heraclea mint, 17.7mm, 2.4 g.
NORMAN K
conscamp~0.jpg
Constantine II, AE3, Thessalonica, RIC VII, 157, 326-328 CE27 views

Constantine II, AE3, 326-328, Thessalonica, Officina 4
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
Reverse: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS, Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMTSD in exergue
19.5mm, 2.7g
RIC VII, 157 nearly full silvering
NORMAN K
con415s.jpg
Constantine II, RIC 381 var. Trier22 viewsConstantine II, AE19, Trier. 322-323 CE
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right, holding spear over shoulder and horse by the bridle before.
Reverse: BEATA TRAN-QVILLITAS, large globe on an altar inscribed V dot O - TIS - XX in three lines, three stars above.
Mintmark: PTR dot., RIC VII Trier 381 var (mintmark) 18.9 mm, 2.7 g.
NORMAN K
con199s.jpg
Constantine II, RIC VII 199 Thessalonica25 viewsConstantine II, AE follis, 18.6 mm, 1.8 g. Thessalonica.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing, heads facing each other with two standards between them and each holds a spear and hand resting on a shield.
Mintmark SMTSB Thessalonica. 337-340 CE.
NORMAN K
conii236f.jpg
Constantine II, RIC VII Siscia 23625 viewsConstantine II, AE follis, 18mm, 1.8 g. Siscia.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing, heads facing each other with two standards between them and each holds a spear and hand resting on a shield.
Mintmark dot ESIS dot, 334-335 CE issue
NORMAN K
coniivotj.jpg
Constantine II, RIC VII, 128 Thessalonica16 views
Constantine II, AE3, 324, Thessalonica, Officina 2
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
Reverse: CAESARVM NOSTRORVM , Legend surrounding laurel wreath terminating in large jewel enclosing VOT / . / X
TSBVI in exergue Thessalonica
NORMAN K
conii220.jpg
Constantine II, Siscia RIC VII 22028 viewsConstantine II, 334-335 C.E., AE3
Obverse : CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C. Laureate bust right, cuirassed
Reverse : GLOR-IA EXERCITVS-ITVS. Two soldiers facing and holding a spear two standards between them.
ESIS in ex. Siscia 18.7 mm., 1.7 g. RIC VII, 220 p. 453
NORMAN K
cg53.jpg
Constantius Gallus, Sirimun RIC 5312 viewsConstantius Gallus AE3
Obverse: DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is bare-headed, bearded, reaching backwards.
Mintmark dot BSIRM dot, 18.4 mm, 2.2 g.
NORMAN K
con30abc.jpg
CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS, FOLLIS RIC 30a Aquilia, 300 CE 19 viewsObverse: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
Reverse: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Monet standing left holding scales and cornucopia.
AQT in ex., 27.92mm., 9.4 g,
NORMAN K
aqp.jpg
Constantius II, RIC VII 145, Aquileia, 337-361 CE24 viewsObverse: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse:GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them.
Mintmark: dot AQP, Aquileia 15.5 mm., 1.6 g.
RIC VII Aquileia 145
NORMAN K
crisp21.jpg
Crispus AE follis. 324-325 AD.Sirmium RIC VII 4914 views

Crispus AE follis.. 324-325 AD. FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate head right / ALEMANNIA DEVICTA, Victory advancing right, holding trophy and palm, treading upon bound captive on right. Mintmark dot SIRM dot. Cohen 1.
Britanikus
crcg.jpg
Crispus RIC VII 69 Thessalonica, 319 CE33 viewsObverse: IVL CRIS-PVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VIRT EXERC, Sol raising right hand and holding globe in left, standing in center of plan of roman camp.
TS dot E dot in ex. Thessalonica mint
19.53mm., 2.2g. rare
The true meaning of this reverse type has never been fully deciphered. The latest theory being the X shaped pattern represents Constantine's vision before the battle of Milvainbridge. This does not seem likely since the type is known on coins of Licinius a pagan and Constantine's enemy
sold 4-2018

NORMAN K
Crispus_AE.JPG
Crispus, son of Constantine, Caesar 317-326 AD. Trier20 views
Crispus AE3. 317-326 AD. IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear & shield / BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, globe on altar inscribed VOT/IS/XX, 3 stars above, STR in ex. RIC VII 308,S
Antonivs Protti
delmat5s.jpg
Delmatius, Cyzicus RIC 13229 viewsObverse: FL IVL DELMATIVS NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two helmeted soldiers facing each other, spear in outer hand, inner hand on shield setting on ground, between them a standard.
SMKD in ex. Cyzicus mint15.4 mm,1.8 g. Rated R3
NORMAN K
sia_015.JPG
EAGLE, Elagabalus AE 25mm of Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior.269 viewsElagabalus Æ 25mm of Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior. Magistrate Novius Rufus. AVT M AVPH ANTWNEINOC, laureate head right / VP NOBIOV POVFOU NIKOPOLITWN PROCI-CT-PO-N, eagle standing facing, wings open, head left with wreath in its beak. Pick 1992. Moushmov 1433 Antonio Protti
gm16b.jpg
Galerius Maximian RIC 16b, Heraclea9 viewsGalerius, AE radiate fraction, Heraclea, 295-296 CE.
Obverse: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Reverse: CONCORDIA MIL ITVM, Emperor, standing right, receiving victory on globe from Jupiter who is standing left, holding scepter. H gamma in lower center
Heracles mint 21 mm., 2.3 g.
NORMAN K
HUN_Lajos_I_Huszar_547_Pohl_89-7.JPG
Huszár 547, Pohl 89-7, Unger 432h, Réthy II 89A41 viewsLouis I (Lajos I, in Hun.) (1342-1382). AR denar, .49 g., 13.94 mm. max., .28 gr., 90°

Obv: + [MO]nETA LODOVICI, Saracen head left, pellets flanking.

Rev: + REGIS hVnGARIE, Patriarchal cross with random pellets.

The type was struck 1373-1382 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger, although Huszár later wrote that the Saracen-head coinage incepted in 1372). This privy mark was struck at Pécs by one of the Saracenus brothers, probably by Johannes, who took over the mint after the death of Jacobus (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.

The Saracen's head is a pun on the surname of Jacobus Saracenus (Szerechen, in Hun.) and his brother, Johannes, courtiers of Italian descent who were ennobled by Louis. The image of a Saracen's head appeared on their coat of arms. Jacobus became the kammergraf at the Pécs mint in 1352, and the Comes Camerarum Regalium in 1369. He died in the early 1370s, at which time Johannes succeeded him as kammergraf.
Stkp
julianii370.jpg
Julian II RIC 370 Siscia, 355-360 CE19 viewsObverse: DN IVLIANVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman who is wearing Phrygian helmet, reaching backwards, M to left, DSIS-Zigzag in ex
RIC VIII Siscia 370, 16.9 mm., 2.2 g.
NORMAN K
julian382b.jpg
Julian II, RIC VIII 376 Siscia24 viewsJulian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Bronze AE 3, as Caesar 355 - 361 A.D.; Obverse: D N IVLIANVS NOB CAES, cuirassed bust right
Reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, pellet in right.
ΔSISD in ex.,RIC VIII 376 Siscia mint, 2.2g, 16.9mm, scarce
NORMAN K
licinius_ii_vot_v_siscia_desert_patina_pro.jpg
Licinius II VOT V Siscia33 views Licinius II VOT V Siscia
Licinius II LICINIVS-IVN NOB C L
CAESARVM NOSTRORVM VOT V
dot in badge at top of wreath delta SIS star
Siscia RIC VII Siscia 162 s
usually 18-19 mm 320-321 AD
James b4
max207x.JPG
Maximinus II RIC 171B Siscia17 viewsMaximinus II quarter follis, 305-306 CE
Obverse: MAXIMINVS NOBC, laureate bust right.
Reverse: GENIO POP_VLI ROMANI , Genius standing left, modius on headn naked but for chlamys over shoulder, holding patera and cornucopia.
SIS in ex. Siscia mint. 19.1 mm., 2.0 g.
NORMAN K
ZomboDroid_16092019093042.jpg
Maximinus II, as Caesar, 305-309. AE Follis. 27mm // 7,36g. Heraclea, 305-306.8 viewsObv.GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES Laureate head of Maximinus II to right.

Rev. GENIO CAESARIS/ HTD Genius, nude but for chlamys over his left shoulder, standing front, head to left, holding patera, from which liquor flows, in his right hand and a cornucopiae with his left
Canaan
Vespasian_Prow_star.jpg
RIC 0941 Vespasian denarius97 viewsIMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG
Laureate head right

COS VIII
Prow of galley right, star above.

Rome 77-8 AD

3.39g

RIC II 941 (C); BMCRE 210; RSC 136.

Rated common but tough to find on the market.

Ex-Ancient Treasures, Ex-ANE.

This reverse type copied from aurei and denarii of Ahenobarbus struck for Mark Antony in 40 BC, Crawford 521 .
7 commentsJay GT4
constantin2-prov-ROT.JPG
RIC.289 Constantine II (AE3, Providentiae Caess)19 viewsConstantine II, caesar (317-337), western emperor (337-340)
AE3 : Providentiae Caess (326, Rome mint)

bronze, 18mm diameter, 2.80 g, die axis: 6h

A/ CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS / R(wreath)T in exergue; open camp gate, two turrets, no door and a star above
Droger
constantin2-virtvs-arles-tconst-sf.JPG
RIC.322 Constantine II (AE3, Virtvs Caess)11 viewsConstantine II, caesar (317-337), western emperor (337-340)
AE3 : Providentiae Caess (328-329, Arles mint, 3rd officine)

bronze, 19mm diameter, 3.14 g, die axis: 12h

A/ CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ VIRTVS - CAESS / TCONST in exergue, S | F in the field; gateway wide wide open doors, four turrets and a star above
Droger
eudes-denier-blois.JPG
D.163 Eudes (denier, Blois)15 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Blois)

Silver, 1.59 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +MISERICORDIΛ DE-I; monogram
R/ +BIESIΛNIS CΛSTR◊; cross pattée

Eudes was not a Carolingian. As count of Paris, he obtained successful results against the Viking attacks. He was then chosen by frankish noblemen to be the king. The legitimate heir Charles III the Simple was then too young to rule.

This type of coinage is a very Carolingian one.
Eudes made his own monograms. This one is quite elaborate, with ◊DO above and RX below. Still on the obverse, the inscription is Misericordia Dei instead of the traditional Gratia Dei Rex. These two features (monogram and legend) make this coin very similar to Louis III's coins of Touraine (Blois and Tours mainly).

Droger
raoul-denier-paris.JPG
D.774 Rudolph (denier, Paris)9 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Paris)

Silver, 1.13 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 11h

O/ +CRATIA DI REX; monogram
R/ + / PΛRISI / CIVITΛ / +

Rudolph was elected king of Franks by noblemen in 923, after his father-in-law (Robert I)'s death.

Although Rudolph wasn't a carolingian, his coinage used a monogram.This monogram is clearly inspired by the habitual KRLS monogram. The letters seem to be R(?)DFS. Anyway, the F on the bottom can be cleary distinguished, and this coin can be attributed to Rudolph.

Droger
rjb_2011_02_02.jpg
"Boulogne" (VI) 17b24 viewsGalerius as Caesar
AE Follis
Obv: C VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C
Laureate bust right
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
-/-//-
Uncertain continental mint (Boulogne?) operating around the time of the British invasion
RIC (VI) Lyon 17b
mauseus
elagab_nik_eagle_moush1432.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS26 views218 - 222 AD
AE 25.5 mm max.;8.92 g
O: AVT M AVR ANTWNEINOC, radiate, draped bust right
R: VP NOBIOV ROVFOV NIKOPOLITWN PROC ICTRON, eagle standing facing between two standards, head left, wreath in beak
Nikopolis ad Istrum; ref. Moushmov 1432; Varbanov (Eng.) 4001
d.s.

laney
elag_eagle.jpg
(0218) Elagabalus54 views218 - 222 AD
AE 25mm 11.92g
O: Laureate head right
R: Eagle standing facing, open wings, head turned left, holding wreath in beak;
Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior; under Governor Nobius Rufus
cf AMNG 1993
laney
radiate.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS32 views218 - 222 AD
AE 25 mm 9.62 g
O: AV(T?) KM AVR - ANTWNINOC, cuirassed, radiate bust r.
R: VP NOBIOV ROVFOV NIKOPOLITWN PRO (PR ligate) in l. field one below the other C ITRO / N (sic!), Athena stg. l., holding spear in raised l. hand and shield set on ground in r. hand
Nikopolis ad Istrum
AMNG I/1, 1920 (1 ex., Paris); Hristova/Jekov No. 8.26.4.5 corr.
laney
elagabal_tyche.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS37 views218 - 222 AD
AE Assaria 27 mm 13.59 g
Obv: [AVT K M AVPH] ANTWNEINOC K, laureate head right
Rev: VP NOBIOV POVFOV NIKOPOLITWN PROC IC-TPO-N, Fortune standing, holding
rudder on globe in right hand and cornucopiae in left
Nikopolis ad Istrum
Moushmov 1451
laney
elagabal_artemis_res.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS30 views218-222 AD
AE 26.5 mm, 10.16 g
O: AVT K M AVP ANTONEINOC laureate head right
R: VP NOBIOV POVQOV NIKOPOLITWN POC ICTRON Artemis advancing left holding bow, dog at feet
Nikopolis ad Istrum
Varb. 3977; Moushmov 1378 (full legends; rare)
laney
elagabal_nob_ruf_redb.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS29 views218 - 222 AD
AE 25 mm, 10.29 g
O: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC laureate bust right
R: VΠ NO / BIOV POV / ΦOV NIKO / ΠOΛITΩN / ΠPOC IC / TPΩ in six lines within laurel wreath.
Nicopolis ad Istrum, under governor Novius Rufus
Varbanov 3874 (3941?); AMNG 2008v
laney
elagab_eagle_res.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS30 views218 - 222 AD
AE 25mm 11.92g
O: Laureate draped bust right
R: Eagle standing facing, open wings, head turned left, holding wreath in beak;
Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior; under Governor Nobius Rufus
cf AMNG 1991-1993 v.
laney
elagal_nik_eagle.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS13 views218 - 222 AD
AE 24.5 mm; 9.63 g
O: Laureate draped bust right
R: Eagle standing facing, open wings, head turned left, holding wreath in beak;
Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior; under Governor Nobius Rufus
cf AMNG 1991-1993 v.
laney
herennius.jpg
(0250) HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS24 views250 - 251 AD
AE As 25.5 MM 10.85 G
O: Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB
LAUR DR BUST R
R: PMS COL VIM
MOESIA STANDING BETWEEN BULL AND LION
ANVII IN EXE
VIMINACIUM, MOESIA SUPERIOR
laney
SALONINUS.jpg
(0258) SALONINUS25 views258 - 260 AD
(as Caesar)
AR Antoninianus
O: SALON VALERIANVS NOB [CAES]
RAD DR BUST R
R: S[PE]S PVBLICA
SPES PRESENTING FLOWER TO SALONIINUS
RIC VOL. V, PART 1, #36
ANTIOCH MINT
laney
numerian_clement_res.jpg
(0283) NUMERIAN35 views283 - 284 AD
Billon Antoninianus 20 mm 3.4 g
O: NVMERIANVS NOB CAES radiated, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP Emperor standing right holding scepter and receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter standing left holding spear; A between; XXI in exe
Cyzicus mint; RIC V ii 372 p 190; VM-3 p. 264; c: VB1
(ex-Forum)
laney
c_chlorus_genio_a.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I (CHLORUS)30 views293-305 (as Caesar)
305-306 AD
AE 27 mm 8.45 g
O: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES laureate head right
R: GENIO POPVL ROMANI Genius standing left holding patera & cornucopia; ANT in exe
Antioch
laney
constantius_i_africa.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS50 views293 - 305 AD (As Caesar)
struck 297 - 298 AD
AE 28.5 mm, 6.96 g
O: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right
R: FELIX ADVENT AVGG NN, Africa standing left holding scepter and elephant tusk, lion over bull at feet on left, H in left field
PKT in exe
Carthage
laney
constantius_chlorus_vot_xx.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS31 views293 - 305 AD (as Caesar)
AE 19.5 mm max. 2.22 g
O: FL V[AL CONST]ANTIVS NOB C, Radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: VOT Dot XX within wreath
laney
C_CHLORUS_GENIO_RES.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS44 views293 - 305 AD
AE FOLLIS 26.5 mm 8.0 g
O: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
LAUR CUIR BUST R
R: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI,
Genius standing l., modius on head, naked but for chlamys over l. shoulder, r. holding patera, l. cornucopiae; R in left field
GAMMA IN EXE.
ROME RIC 67a SCARCE
laney
constantius_chlorus_vot_theta.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS31 views293 - 305 AD (as Caesar)
AE 20 mm 3.62 g
O: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust r.,
R: VOT/XX/ Θ, within wreath
RIC VI 88a Rome
laney
con_chlor_2_blk_b.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS25 views293 - 306 AD
Struck 293-294 AD
AE silvered ant., 22 mm, 3.81 g
O: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C radiate, draped cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM Constantius standing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, "A" (Officina A) between, XXI in exe.
Cyzicus
Sear RCV IV #13982 ref: Hunter iv, p. cxciv. RIC v, ii, p. 302, 672 var ( C for CAES).
laney
constantius_chlorus_genio_res.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS (as Caesar)31 views293-305 AD
AE FOLLIS 26 x 28.5 mm 7.45 g
Obv. CONSTANTIVS NOBIL C, Laureate head r.
Rev. GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing l., modius on head, naked but for chlamys over l. shoulder, r. holding patera, l. cornucopiae; B/STAR in fields, TR in exergue.
Treveri (Trier)

laney
galerius_concordia_070210.jpg
(0293) GALERIUS44 viewsGalerius as Caesar (293 - 305 AD; AVG 305 - 311 AD)
Struck ca 296 AD
AE 20 mm 3.18 g, Post-reform Radiate
O: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM, the prince standing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, star over Gamma between
ANT in ex. Antioch
laney
galerius_genio.jpg
(0293) GALERIUS24 views293 - 305 AD (as Caesar)
305 - 311 AD (as Augustus)
struck 297 AD
AE 27.4 mm, 10.53 g
O: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOBC CAES laureate head right
R: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI Genius standing left holding poatera dn cornucopia, crescent over A at right; ANT in exe.
Antioch mint; RIC 49b
(ex-Forum)
laney
galerius_res.jpg
(0293) GALERIUS (as Caesar)19 views293 - 305 AD (as Caesar)
305 - 311 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18 X 20 mm 2.18 g
O: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor receiving Victory from Jupiter
laney
constantine_antioch_genio_resb.jpg
(0306) CONSTANTINE I (as Caesar)48 viewsstruck 306-307 AD
AE Follis 27.5 mm 8.22 g
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right
R: GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI; Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, liquors flowing from patera in right hand,cornucopiae in left.
D (Officina) in right field
ANT in exergue, Antioch
Not listed in RIC
laney
const_i_as_caes.jpg
(0306) CONSTANTINE I (as Caesar) 17 viewsstruck 306-307 AD
AE Follis 27.5 mm 8.22 g
O: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right
R: GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI; Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, liquors flowing from patera in right hand,cornucopiae in left.
D (Officina) in right field
ANT in exergue, Antioch
Not listed in RIC
laney
SEVERUS_II_B.jpg
(0306) SEVERUS II27 views306 - 307 AD
struck 305/306 AD as Caesar
AE Quarter Follis
O: VL VAL SEVERVS NOB
LAUR HEAD R
R: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
GENIUS STANDING L, MODIUS ON NEAD, NAKED EXCEPT FOR CHLAMYS, HOLDING PATERA AND CORNUCOPIAE
SIS IN EXE
SISCIA
RIC VI 170a (RARE)
(ex P.Bulgerin)
laney
max_ii_gen_1_res.jpg
(0309) MAXIMINUS II DAIA15 viewsCaesar 305-308; Filius Augustorum 308-309; Augustus 309-313 AD.
struck 305-308 AD
AE 23.5 mm 4.86 g
O: GAL VAL MIXIMINVS NOB CAES , Laureate bust right REVERSE: GENIO CAESARIS , Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopiae; SMNA in exe.
Nicomedia mint
laney
constantine_ii_gate.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)16 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
e 19 mm, 1.66 g
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
R: Campgate, six layers, two turrets, star above

laney
constantine_ii_gloria_SMKS_one_std.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)24 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16 mm; 1.90 g
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, Two soldiers standing facing each other;
each holding a spear and resting hand on shield, one
standard between them. SMKS in exe.
Cyzicus Mint; RIC VII Cyzicus 123; Sear 17361
laney
CONSTANTINE_II_B.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)55 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
STRUCK 321 - 324
AE 20 mm 2.64 g
O: DN FL CL CONSTANTINVS NOB C; LAUR DR CUIR BUST R
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI; JUPITER STANDING L HOLDING VICTORY ON GLOBE AND EAGLE-TIPPED SCEPTER, EAGLE WITH WREATH AT FEET ON L, CAPTIVE ON R; X/IIG (DOT IN R FIELD?); SMHA IN EXE
HERACLEA RIC 55, R1
laney
constantine_ii_gloria_scons.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)31 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18.5 mm 2.21 g
O: [CONSTANTI]NVS IVN NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers facing each other with two standards between them; pellet between standards; SCONS in exe.
Constantinople mint
laney
constantine_ii_gloria_unk_res.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)26 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm 2.32 g
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers facing each other with two standards between them; TRP pellet in exe
Trier mint
laney
consstantine_ii_sis_glor_res.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)32 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18.5 mm, 3.11 g
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers facing each other with two standards between them; pellet SIS pellet in exe.
Siscia mint
laney
constantine_ii_cg_res.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)29 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
Struck 326-328 AD
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust left
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors and star above; SMTSD in exe
Thessalonica mint; RIC VII 157
laney
constantine_ii_gloria_plg_res.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)48 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 15 mm 1.65 g
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers facing each on either side of a single standard; leaf PLG in exe.
Lyons mint; RIC 286; rare (R4)
laney
constantine_ii_gloria_siscia_res.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)51 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18.5 mm 2.21 g
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers facing each other with two standards between them; pellet between standards
Siscia mint
laney
constantine_ii_gloria_cyzi_single_std.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)20 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16.8 mm; 1.33 g
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them with O on banner.
Mintmark: SMKB.
Cyzicus Mint; Ref: RIC VII Cyzicus 125
laney
constantine_ii_glor_cyz_2_stds.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)22 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18.5 mm; 2.06 g
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers with spears and sheilds standing either side of two standards, SMKB in ex.
Cyzicus Mint; RIC Vol VII 83 of Cyzicus, rarity R4.
laney
constantine_ii_gloria_thessalon.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)19 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16.5 mm; 1.83 g
O: CONSTANTIN[VS IVN] NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: GLORI-A EXER-CITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two
standards between them. SMTS_ in exe
Thessalonica mint


laney
CRISPUS_VOT_V.jpg
(0317) CRISPUS67 views317 - 326 AD
Struck 320 - 321 AD
AE Follis 19 mm 3.13 g
O: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate draped bust left
R: CAESARVM NOSTRORVM around wreath containing VOT V, TSDVI in ex.
Thessalonica
1 commentslaney
crispus_0702.jpg
(0317) CRISPUS35 views317 - 326 AD
AE 18 mm 3.84 g
O: DN FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, Jupiter standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, holding Victory on globe & leaning on scepter; pellet over Gamma in right field, palm branch in left field
SMN in exe. Nicomedia
RIC VII 32 (R2)
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crispus_princ.jpg
(0317) CRISPUS50 views317 - 326 AD
struck 317 AD.
AE 17.5 mm 3.25 g
O: CRISPUS NOB CAES, laureate, draped bust facing right.
R: PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS, Mars standing right, chlamys over right shoulder, holding scepter in right hand, leaning on shield.
R S in fields
ARLES MINT, (rare) cf. RIC VII 132-133
laney
crispus_vot_res.jpg
(0317) CRISPUS32 views317 - 326 AD
Struck 321 AD.
AE 17.5 mm 1,98 g
O: CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate bust right
R: CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, laurel wreath enclosing VOT X; RS in ex.
Rome Mint, RIC VII 240
laney
crispus_vot_2_res.jpg
(0317) CRISPUS19 views317 - 326 AD
Struck: 324 AD
AE 19 mm, 3.08 g
Obverse: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, Laureate draped cuirssed bust left
Reverse: CAESARVM NOSTRORVM around votive wreath inscribed VOT pellet X in 3 lines, TSΔVI in exergue
Thessalonica, RIC VII 125
laney
crispus_vot_1_res.jpg
(0317) CRISPUS19 views317 - 326 AD
Struck 324 AD
AE 18.5 mm; 2.51 g
O: CRISPVS NOB CAES, bust right
R: DOMINOR NOSTROR CAESS, VOT/ X, ✶ below all in wreath, SMHΓ in exe. scarce
Heraclea mint; RIC VII 61
laney
crispus_troph_captives_b.jpg
(0317) CRISPUS20 views317 - 326 AD
AE 19.5 mm max, 2.40 g
O: CRISPUS NOB CAES Cuirassed bust in crested helmet right
R: VIRTVS EXERCIT Two captives seated, trophy between them
uncommon type
laney
LICINIUS_II_JUPITER.jpg
(0317) LICINIUS II46 views317 - 320 AD
AE 18 mm 2.60 g
O: D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe & scepter, branch left, dot over B right
SMN in ex.
Nicomedia RIC 34 (R2)
1 commentslaney
licinius_ii_iovi_res.jpg
(0317) LICINIUS II32 views317-320 AD
AE 20.5 mm 3.25 g
O: D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C around laureate, draped bust of Licinius II l., holding mappa, globe &sceptre;
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS around; Jupiter standing l. holding Victory in right hand and sceptre in left; wreath to l., A to right, SMK in exe.
Cyzicus RIC VII 11

laney
licinius_ii_iovi_con_res.jpg
(0317) LICINIUS II31 views317 - 324 AD (Caesar)
AE 19 mm 3.11 g
O: D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C cuirassed helmeted bust left, with shield, spear over shoulder
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and scepter with eagle at top; eagle to left, captive to right. X/IIG in right field; SMHG in exe
Heraclea mint
laney
licin_ii_prov_res.jpg
(0317) LICINIUS II38 views317 - 324 AD (Caesar)
AE 19.1 mm 2.78 g
O D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Jupiter standing left, scepter in left, Victory on globe presenting wreath in right, palm frond left, pellet over Δ right, SMN in ex;
Nicomedia mint; RIC VII 34; scarce
(ex-Forum)
laney
licinius_ii_iovi.jpg
(0317) LICINIUS II as Caesar10 views317 - 324 AD
AE 18 mm, 2.31 g
O: D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, diademed bust left with mappa & scepter
R: IOVI CONS ERVATORI CAESS Jupiter standing, head left, holdimg Victory on globe, captive at feet, D to right, SMANT in ex.
Antioch mint
laney
crispus_vot_x_res.jpg
(0321) CRISPUS28 views321-324 AD
AE 17.5 mm, 2.92 g
O: IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES- Laureate head right.
R: CAESARVM NOSTRORVM surrounding laurel wreath terminating in rosette enclosing VOT / . / X
ASIS sunburst in exergue
Siscia mint; RIC 181
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c_ii_ge_cae_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II25 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm 1.46 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C diadamed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS 2 soldiers facing single standard
laney
c_ii_ge_dot_sm_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II20 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm 1.58 g
Obv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: dot GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, 2 soldiers with 2 standards between them, o on banners.
dot SMHA dot in exe
cf RIC VII Heraclea 133 var, R2
laney
c_ii_ge_conssdotres.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II23 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 19 mm, 2.20 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laureate draped cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS 2 soldiers on either side of 2 standards; CONSSdot in exe
Constantinople
RIC VII 75
laney
c_ii_ge_consi_caes_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II20 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm 1.93 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C bust right
R: 2 soldiers with 2 standards between; CONSIdot in exe.
Constantinople mint
laney
csts_ii_gaye_smanth_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II16 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18 mm 3.13 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laureate draped cuirassed bust right
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS campgate with 2 turrets, star above; SMANTH in exe
Antioch mint
RIC 66 (VII); Officina H=8 (rare)
laney
cst_2_glor_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II23 views337 - 361 AD
AE 18 mm; 2.60 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, cuirassed bust right.
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them; O on banners.
Mintmark: dot SMKB (unlisted officina).
Cyzicus mint
laney
constantius_ii_caes_blk.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)62 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16 mm, 2.44 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them, dot on banners; SMANH in exe
Antioch mint, RIC VII 88.
1 commentslaney
constantius_ii_ge_smanh_rnd.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)119 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm 2.41 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
LAUR DR CUIR BUST R
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS
2 SOLDIERS STANDING FACING, HOLDING SPEARS AND RESTING HAND ON SHIELD, WITH 2 STANDARDS BETWEEN
SMANH IN EXE
ANTIOCH
RIC VII 88
8 commentslaney
constantius_smanz_blk.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)47 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE Follis 17 mm, 2.54 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing holding spears, shields, and two military standards between them, SMANZ in ex..
Antiochia mint, RIC VII, 88.
laney
constantius_ii_cg_5_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)14 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 19 X 21 mm, 2.76 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C diademed bust left
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS campgate with 6 rows, no dor; 2 turrets and star above; SMKA pellet in exe.
Cyzicus mint
laney
constantius_ii_cg_l_1_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)31 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 19.5 mm 2.62 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laureate draped bust left
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS campgate with 6 rows, 2 turrets, star above, pellet over doorway.
Trier mint

laney
constantius_ii_cg_r_1_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)13 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 18.5 mm 3.11 g
O: CONSTANTIVS NOB C bust right
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAE SS campgate, 7 rows with dots in top row; 2 turrets, no door, star above
laney
constantius_cg_r_6_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)16 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 18 mm, 1.81 g
O: F L IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Camp gate with two turrets, star between; 6 rows with pellets in top row; SMTSB in ex
Thessalonica mint
laney
constsantius_ii_ge_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)14 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm 2.48 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right.
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them, dot between standards
laney
constantius_ii_ge_smkb_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)17 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm 2.91 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right.
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them. O on banners.
dot SMKB in exe.(unlisted officina).
RIC VII Cyzicus 100 var (officina), rare.
laney
crispus_campgate.jpg
(0326) CRISPUS12 views326-327 AD
AE follis 19mm, 3.15g
O: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Campgate, two turrets, seven layers, star above,no doors, dot in doorway, SMANTZ in exe.
Antioch mint; RIC VII 72
laney
constans_ge_consi_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS (as Caesar)16 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16.5 mm, 1.31 g
O: VAL CONSTANS NOB CAES Bust left
R:; GLORIA EXERCITVS 2 soldiers facing, single standard between; CONSI in exe.
Constantinople mint
laney
DELMATIUS.jpg
(0335) DELMATIUS26 viewsCAESAR 18 SEP. 335 - MID 337 AD
AE 16.2 mm 1.312 g
O: FL DELMATIVS NOB C
LAUREATE DRAPED AND CUIRASSED BUST R
R:
GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS
TWO SOLDIERS HOLDING SPEARS AND SHIELDS ON GROUND FLAKING SINGLE STANDARD
BSIS IN EXE
SISCIA RIC 256
(ex Forum)
laney
delmatius_2_res.jpg
(0335) DELMATIUS31 views335 - 337 AD
AE 16.5 mm 1.64 g
O: FL DELMA TIVS NOB C Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA - EXERC-ITVS Two soldiers standing facing, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on shield, flanking a labarum (Christogram standard)
PCONST in ex
Arles mint
RIC VII 399; very scarce (RIC R3)
laney
delmatius_gloria_res.jpg
(0335) DELMATIUS15 views335 - 337 AD (Caesar)
AE 16.5 mm 1.45 g
O: FL DELMATIVS NOB C laureate cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS two soldiers, single standard between; BSIS in exe.
Siscia mint
laney
delmatius_res.jpg
(0335) DELMATIUS (Caesar)30 views335 - 337 AD.
AE Follis 16.5 mm 1.72 g
O: FL IVL DELMATIVS NOB C, his laureate and cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers flanking a single standard, SMKG in ex.
CYZICUS MINT RIC 132
laney
c_gallus_fel.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS15 views351 - 354 AD
AE 16 mm; 2.50 g
Obv: DNFLCLCONSTANTIVSNOBCEAS Bareheaded, draped and cuirassed bust of emperor, right.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO Helmeted soldier to left, shield on left arm , spearing falling horseman
laney
CONSTANTIUS_GALLUS.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS37 viewsCAESAR 351 - 354 AD
AE 18x19 mm 2.18 g
O: DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOBC
BARE HEADED DR CUIR BUST R
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO
SOLDIER SPEARING FALLEN HORSEMAN REACHING BACK
ASIS IN EXE
SISCIA RIC 351
laney
CONS_GALLUS_RES.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS27 viewsCAESAR 351 - 354 AD
AE 20 mm 3.72 g
O: D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare head right, B behind
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, G in left field
R wreath S in exe
Rome Mint, RIC VIII, 258
laney
con_gallus_asis.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS20 views351 - 354 AD (Caesar)
AE 18 mm, 2.15 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, horseman's shield on ground at right. ASIS in ex;
Siscia Mint; RIC 351
laney
con_gallus_asis_blk.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS23 viewsCAESAR 351 - 354 AD
AE 18 mm; 2.15 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, horseman's shield on ground at right; ASIS in exe
Siscia Mint
RIC VIII 351
laney
con_gall_fel_2_res.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS14 views351 - 354 AD
AE 18 mm 2.33 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C bare-headed draped bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier spearing fallen horseman; ASIS in exe.
Siscia mint
laney
con_gallus_fel_1_res.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS20 views351 - 354 AD
AE 17 mm 1.78 g
O: CONSTANTIVS NOB C bare-headed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier spearing fallen horseman
Thessalonica mint
laney
con_gallus_fel.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS15 views351 - 354 AD
AE 18.5 max., 2.5 g
O:DN CONSTAN-TIVS NOB C, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman
Heraclea mint
laney
c_g_smts.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS18 views351-354 AD
AE 18 mm; 2.29 g
O: DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES, Cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman to left, ε in left field, SMTS in exergue
Thessalonica mint
laney
c_gallus_horseman_09_03_2014res.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS17 views351 - 354 AD
AE 21 mm 3.45 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C bare-headed draped bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier spearing fallen horseman
laney
cons_gall_fel_b.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS26 viewsCAESAR 351 - 354 AD
AE 15.5 x 17.5 mm; 2.44 g
O: D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare head right, B behind
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman; pellet center
laney
c_gallus_horse_smna.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS20 views351 - 354 AD
AE17 X 19 mm; 4.00 g
Obv: DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CEAS Bareheaded, draped and cuirassed bust of emperor, right.
Rev: FEL TEMP RE PARATIO Helmeted soldier to left, shield on left arm , spearing falling horseman; SMNA in exe.
Nicomedia mint
laney
julian_spes_re.jpg
(0355) JULIAN II20 viewsAE 15.5 mm; 1.72 g
O: D N FL CL IVLIANVS NOB CS, draped and cuirassed bust right.
R: SPES REIPVBLICE, emperor standing left holding globe and spear; uncertain mark in left field
Cyzicus mint
laney
julian_asis.jpg
(0355) JULIAN II (as Caesar)32 viewsCaesar: 355 –360
Augustus: 360 -- 361.
Sole Augustus: 361 –363
AE 15.5 mm, 1.83 g
O: DN CL IVLIANVS NOB CAES, bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: SPES REI-PVBLICAE, emperor standing left, helmeted, in military dress, globe in right, spear in left; ASIS in exe.
Siscia Mint
laney
julian_fel_temp_3_res.jpg
(0355) JULIAN II (as Caesar)21 viewsCaesar: 355 –360
Augustus: 360 -- 361.
Sole Augustus: 361 –363
AE 17 mm 2.21 g
O: D N IVLIANVS NOB C bare-headed bust right
R: FEL TEMPO REPARATIO soldier spearing fallen horseman; ESIS in exe.
Siscia mint
laney
julian_fel_temp_2_res.jpg
(0355) JULIAN II (as Caesar)21 viewsCaesar: 355 –360
Augustus: 360 -- 361.
Sole Augustus: 361 –363
AE 17.5 mm 2.37 g
O: D N IVLIANVS NOB CAES; bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier spearing fallen horseman; RBQ iin exe.
Rome mint
laney
julian_fel_temp_1_res.jpg
(0355) JULIAN II (as Caesar)23 viewsCaesar: 355 –360
Augustus: 360 -- 361.
Sole Augustus: 361 –363
AE 18 mm
O: IVLIANVS NOB C; bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emperor spearing fallen horseman; M in center
laney
julian_horseman.jpg
(0355) JULIAN II (as Caesar)6 viewsCaesar: 355 –360
Augustus: 360 -- 361.
Sole Augustus: 361 –363
AE 16 mm, 2.12 g
O: IVLIANVS NOB C; bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emperor spearing fallen horseman;
laney
julian_fel_11_res.jpg
(0355) JULIAN II The Apostate (as Caesar)26 viewsJulian II as Caesar
Caesar: 355 –360
Augustus: 360 -- 361.
Sole Augustus: 361 –363
AE 18 mm; 2.29 g
O: D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, bare-headed draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field
Siscia mint
laney
julian_ii_fel_lugdun_mslg.jpg
(0355) JULIAN II THE APOSTATE (as Caesar)27 viewsJulian II as Caesar
Caesar: 355 –360
Augustus: 360 -- 361.
Sole Augustus: 361 –363
struck 355 - 360 AD (Officina 2)
AE 17.5 mm; 2.33 g
Obv.: FL CL IVLIANVS NOB C / M , his bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust facing right
Rev.: FEL TEMP - REPARATIO helmeted soldier standing l., spearing fallen horseman; horseman, wearing pointed hat, leaning l. on horse, turned r. and raising hand, shield on ground r.; MSLG in exe.
Lugdunum (Lyon) mint
RIC VIII, 191, 200 (R) ; Bastien 248 (3 ex) ; nummus-bible-database.com: only 1 piece, also from officina 2. Rare
laney
julian_ii_spes_reip.jpg
(0355) JULIAN II THE APOSTATE (as Caesar)22 viewsJulian II as Caesar
Caesar: 355 –360
Augustus: 360 -- 361.
Sole Augustus: 361 –363
AE 17 mm; 1.91 g
O: DN IVLIANV-S NOB CAES draped cuirassed bust right
R: SPES REIPVBLICE, emperor standing left holding globe and spear
laney
julian_fel_temp_cons.jpg
(0355) JULIAN II THE APOSTATE (as Caesar)18 viewsCaesar: 355 –360
Augustus: 360 -- 361.
Sole Augustus: 361 –363
AE 16.5 mm; 2.25 g
O: D N CL IVLIANVS NOB CAES
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier left spearing fallen horseman
laney
julian_fel_con.jpg
(0355) JULIAN II THE APOSTATE (as Caesar)13 viewsCaesar: 355 –360
Augustus: 360 -- 361.
Sole Augustus: 361 –363
AE 18.5 mm max. 1.92 g
O: DN IVLIAN-VS NOB CAES
R: FEL TEMP R-EPARATIO, emperor spearing fallen horseman, M in center, PCON or TCON in ex.
Arles mint
laney
jul_ii_spes_rei.jpg
(0355) JULIAN II THE APOSTATE (as Caesar)16 viewsJulian II as Caesar
AE 16 mm max; 1.83 g
Caesar: 355 –360
Augustus: 360 -- 361.
Sole Augustus: 361 –363
O: DN IVLIAN-VS NOB C draped and cuirassed bust right.
R: SPES REIPVBLICE, emperor standing left holding globe and spear
Siscia mint
laney
rjb_lon_30_05_06.jpg
(VI) 1454 viewsConstantius I
FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 14
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_max_lon_04_06.jpg
(VI) 1538 viewsGalerius
MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 15
mauseus
rjb_lon10_05_06.jpg
(VI) 1621 viewsConstantius I
CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 16
mauseus
rjb_06_07_09.jpg
(VI) 37a14 viewsConstantius I
CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 37a
mauseus
rjb_lon4_05_06.jpg
(VI) 96cf36 viewsConstantine I
FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB C
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI
Mars advancing right
-/-//PLN
RIC (VI) - (cf 96)
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_2010_10_13.jpg
(VII)17413 viewsCrispus
FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP
Two victories with inscribed shield on an altar decorated with a wreath
-/-//PLN
RIC (VII) 174
mauseus
rjb_2016_04_s19.jpg
(VII)2508 viewsCrispus
CRISPVS NOBIL C
Laureate, cuirassed bust left holding forward spear and shield
BEAT TRANQLITAS VOTIS XX
Altar
F/B//PLON
RIC (VII) 250
mauseus
rjb_lon11_05_06.jpg
(VII)27518 viewsCrispus
CRISPVS NOBIL C
Helmeted, cuirassed bust left
BEAT TRANQLITAS VOTIS XX
Altar
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 275
mauseus
rjb_2010_03_08.jpg
(VII)27941 viewsCrispus
CRISPVS NOBIL C
Laureate, cuirassed bust left holding forward spear and shield
BEAT TRANQLITAS VOTIS XX
Altar
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 279
3 commentsmauseus
rjb_2011_03_03.jpg
(VII)27917 viewsCrispus
CRISPVS NOBIL C
Laureate, cuirassed bust left holding forward spear and shield
BEAT TRANQLITAS VOTIS XX
Altar
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 279
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_2009_09_19.jpg
(VII)29110 viewsCrispus
IVL CRISPVS NOB C
Laureate bust right
CAESARVM NOSTRORVM VOT X
Wreath
-/-//PLON crescent
RIC (VII) 291
mauseus
rjb_2010_11_01.jpg
(VII)29519 viewsCrispus
FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
Camp gate with two turrets, star between
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 295
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_2009_09_20.jpg
(VII)29627 viewsConstantine II
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the rear
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
Camp gate with two turrets, star between, pellet in doorway
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 296 note
mauseus
rjb_08_09_f.jpg
(VII)29626 viewsConstantine II
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the rear
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
Camp gate with two turrets, star between
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 296
mauseus
rjb_2011_04_13.jpg
(VII)29836 viewsConstantius II
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate and cuirassed bust left
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
Camp gate with two turrets, star between
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 298
2 commentsmauseus
Crispus.jpg
*SOLD*45 viewsCrispus AE3

Attribution: RIC VII 201, Siscia, 4th officina
Date: AD 326-327
Obverse: IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate bust r.
Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, campgate with two turrets, no doors & star above,
* Δ SIS * in exergue
Size: 18.4 mm
1 commentsNoah
Licinius_II.jpg
*SOLD*43 viewsLicinius II AE

Attribution: RIC VII 30, Alexandria
Date: AD 321-324
Obverse: DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, helmeted and cuirassed bust r., holding shield,
spear over shoulder
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter stg. l.; chlamys over l. shoulder, Victory in r. hand, staff in l., eagle w/ wreath in beak at feet, bound captive behind, X w/ 12 ½ denarii communes mark below, SMALA in exergue
Size: 18 mm
1 commentsNoah
Constantius_I_Chlorus.jpg
*SOLD*18 viewsConstantius I Chlorus AE follis

Attribution: RIC VI 213a, Trier
Date: AD 296-297
Obverse: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head r.
Reverse: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius stg. l. holding patera and cornucopiae, “A” in
l. field, Γ in r. field, TR in exergue
Size: 25 mm
Weight: 8.4 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
Crispus_12.jpg
*SOLD*28 viewsCrispus AE3

Attribution: RIC 201, S.3924v, Siscia
Date: AD 317-326
Obverse: IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, camp gate surmounted by two turrets,
* above, BSIS in exergue
Size: 18.7 mm
Noah
3350438.jpg
000b. Pompey the Great54 viewsThe Pompeians. Sextus Pompey. 37/6 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.49 g, 9h). Uncertain Sicilian mint, possibly Catana. Bare head of Pompey the Great right; capis to left, lituus to right / Neptune, holding aplustre and resting right foot on prow, standing left between the Catanaean brothers Anapias and Amphinomus running in opposite directions, bearing their parents on their shoulders. Crawford 511/3a; CRI 334; Sydenham 1344; RSC 17 (Pompey the Great). Fine, lightly toned, bankers’ marks on obverse.

AMPHINOMUS and ANAPIS (or Anapias), two brothers, of Silicy, respecting whom it is related that they saved their parents, at the peril of their own lives, from the flames of Etna, at the moment when an eruption of that volcano threatened their immediate destruction. This was a favourite subject with the ancients, in symbolising filial piety; and is often represented on Greek coins of Catana (Catania), where this noble action is alleged to have been performed. Of these two Sicilian brothers, types of that devoted love, which is ever cherished by good children towards the earthly anthors of their being, Cornelius Severus, alluding to Mount Edna, thus expresses himself: "Amphinomus and his brother, both equally courageous in the performance of a duty, whilst the flames murmured their threats against the neighbouring houses, rescue their decrepid father, and their aged mother."
1 commentsecoli
liciniusII1.jpg
001 - Licinius II (Caesar 317-324 AD), AE 3 - RIC 162 var. unlisted81 viewsObv: LICINIVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SAECVLI FELICITAS, wreath inscribed AVG on cippus decorated with garland, P - R in field.
Minted in Rome (RQ in exe), Officina 5, 318-319 AD.

RIC 162 var. with wreath instead of shield on rev is unlisted, but not previously unknown.
3 commentspierre_p77
crispus.JPG
001b. Crispus Siscia  Vota77 viewsCrispus Caesar AE3. 321-324 AD. IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate head right / CAESARVM NOSTRORVM around VOT X in wreath, ASIS(sunburst) in ex. Ric 181ecoli
coins286.JPG
001b. Crispus Siscia VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP12 viewsIVL CRISPVS NOB CAESAR
VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP

RIC VII Siscia 63 R4 for eSiSdot
ecoli
Constantius.jpg
002 - Constantius II (as Caesar 324-337 AD), AE 3 - RIC 38D34 viewsObv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
Rev: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, campgate with two turrets, star above.
Minted in Cyzicus (SMKdelta in exe), officina 4, 325-326 AD.
pierre_p77
Byzantine2.jpg
002 - Maurice Tiberius (582-602 AD), tremissis - Sear 48850 viewsObv: D N TIbERI PP AVG. diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: --NTORI -AVRI AVG, cross potent.
Minted in Constantinople (CONOB in exe).

Note the rev. inscription that seems to be misspelled, it should read VICTORI MAVRI AVG.
pierre_p77
alexandria1.jpg
002 Constantine II 40 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C. laur.,dr.and cuir.bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate two turrents star above
fld:/ex: wreath-II/SMAL(dot)
hill132
a13~0.JPG
002. Constantine II Solders and Standards Siscia 33 viewsConstantine II
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C LC
GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS
dot epsilon SIS dot
RIC VII Siscia 236
ecoli
a23~0.JPG
002. Constantine II Thessalonica GLORIA EXERCITVS31 viewsCONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
GLORI-A EXER-CITVS

RIC VII Thessalonica 199 R1
ecoli
mynt081211.jpg
003 - Crispus (Caesar 317-326 AD) AE 3 - RIC 20 (rare)26 viewsObv: CRISPVS NOBILISSIMVS CAES, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS, soldier standing right, holding spear in right hand, shield on gruond at left.
Minted in Thessalonica (.TS.gamma. in exe), officina 3, 317-318 AD.
Rated in RIC as R4
pierre_p77
maj1709_(5).jpg
003 - Galerius (as Caesar 293-305 AD), Follis - RIC 16451 viewsObv: MAXIMIANVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, wearing modius and chlamys, sacrificing from patera on flaming altar and holding cornucopiae.
Minted in Lugdunum (PLC in exe, B in right field) 301-303 AD.
2 commentspierre_p77
alexandria2.jpg
003 Constantine II 20 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur.,dr.and cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMAL(A=alpha=1)
hill132
t49.JPG
004. Constantius II GLORIA EXERCITVS Thessalonica 33 viewsFL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
GLORI-A EXER-CITVS

RIC VII Thessalonica 200 R4
ecoli
94001013.jpg
004b. Agrippina Senior53 viewsAgrippina Senior. Died AD 33. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 24.10 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula), AD 40-41. Draped bust right / Carpentum drawn left by two mules. RIC I 55 (Gaius); Trillmich Group I. Good Fine, dark gray-brown patina, rough surfaces.

Check

From the Ronald J. Hansen Collection. Ex Noble 79 (26 July 2005), lot 3590.

Ex-CNG printed sale 94 320/300
1 commentsecoli
gallus_dec.jpg
005 - Constantius Gallus (caesar 351-354 AD) AE 2 - RIC 8955 viewsObv: DN CONSTANTIVS NOB C, bare headed, draped, cuirassed bust right, delta behind head.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman.
Minted in Heraclea (S in field, SMHB in exe), second offiina.
1 commentspierre_p77
V0904-0002.jpg
005b. Britannicus126 viewsBritannicus (son of Claudius) AE17. Ionia, Smyrna

Britannicus (41 - 55 A.D.) was the son of the Roman emperor Claudius and his third wife Messalina. His original name was "Germanicus" but was changed in honor of his father's conquest of Britain in 43 AD.

Nobody is sure why Claudius made Nero his successor and not Britannicus, although the fact that Britannicus may have been Caligula's son is a factor. Britannicus was killed by (partisans of) his step-brother (and brother-in-law) Nero so that Nero could become emperor of Rome.

His sister Octavia is the heroine of the play written at some time after the death of Nero. It's title is titled her name, but its central message is the wrong done to the Claudian house because of the wrong done to its last male member and its last hope.

Britannicus. Before 54 AD. AE 17mm (4.31 g), Minted at Ionia, Smyrna. Bare head right 'ZMYP' below bust / Nike flying right. cf S(GIC) 516. Scarce. Some dirt and patina chipping.

ecoli73
5514.jpg
005d. Agrippina II89 viewsLYDIA, Hypaepa. Agrippina Jr., mother of Nero. Augusta, 50-59 AD. Æ 14mm (2.33 gm). Draped bust of Agrippina right / Cult statue of Artemis. RPC I 2541; SNG Copenhagen -.

Julia Vipsania Agrippina Minor or Agrippina Minor (Latin for "the younger") (November 7, AD 15 – March 59), often called "Agrippinilla" to distinguish her from her mother, was the daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina Major. She was sister of Caligula, granddaughter and great-niece to Tiberius, niece and wife of Claudius, and the mother of Nero. She was born at Oppidum Ubiorum on the Rhine, afterwards named in her honour Colonia Agrippinae (modern Cologne, Germany).

Agrippina was first married to (1st century AD) Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus. From this marriage she gave birth to Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, who would become Roman Emperor Nero. Her husband died in January, 40. While still married, Agrippina participated openly in her brother Caligula's decadent court, where, according to some sources, at his instigation she prostituted herself in a palace. While it was generally agreed that Agrippinilla, as well as her sisters, had ongoing sexual relationships with their brother Caligula, incest was an oft-used criminal accusation against the aristocracy, because it was impossible to refute successfully. As Agrippina and her sister became more problematic for their brother, Caligula sent them into exile for a time, where it is said she was forced to dive for sponges to make a living. In January, 41, Agrippina had a second marriage to the affluent Gaius Sallustius Crispus Passienus. He died between 44 and 47, leaving his estate to Agrippina.

As a widow, Agrippina was courted by the freedman Pallas as a possible marriage match to her own uncle, Emperor Claudius, and became his favourite councillor, even granted the honor of being called Augusta (a title which no other queen had ever received). They were married on New Year's Day of 49, after the death of Claudius's first wife Messalina. Agrippina then proceeded to persuade Claudius to adopt her son, thereby placing Nero in the line of succession to the Imperial throne over Claudius's own son, Brittanicus. A true Imperial politician, Agrippina did not reject murder as a way to win her battles. Many ancient sources credited her with poisoning Claudius in 54 with a plate of poisened mushrooms, hence enabling Nero to quickly take the throne as emperor.

For some time, Agrippina influenced Nero as he was relatively ill-equipped to rule on his own. But Nero eventually felt that she was taking on too much power relative to her position as a woman of Rome. He deprived her of her honours and exiled her from the palace, but that was not enough. Three times Nero tried to poison Agrippina, but she had been raised in the Imperial family and was accustomed to taking antidotes. Nero had a machine built and attached to the roof of her bedroom. The machine was designed to make the ceiling collapse — the plot failed with the machine. According to the historians Tacitus and Suetonius, Nero then plotted her death by sending for her in a boat constructed to collapse, intending to drown Agrippina. However, only some of the crew were in on the plot; their efforts were hampered by the rest of the crew trying to save the ship. As the ship sank, one of her handmaidens thought to save herself by crying that she was Agrippina, thinking they would take special care of her. Instead the maid was instantly beaten to death with oars and chains. The real Agrippina realised what was happening and in the confusion managed to swim away where a passing fisherman picked her up. Terrified that his cover had been blown, Nero instantly sent men to charge her with treason and summarily execute her. Legend states that when the Emperor's soldiers came to kill her, Agrippina pulled back her clothes and ordered them to stab her in the belly that had housed such a monstrous son.

ecoli
Gallus_ae3.jpg
009 - Constantius Gallus (caesar 351-354 AD), AE 3 - RIC 10741 viewsObv: D N CONSTANTIVS NOB CS, bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman.
Minted in Cyzicus (SMKdetha in exe), officina 4.
pierre_p77
antioch2a.jpg
009 Constantine II 27 viewsobv: CONSTANTINUS IVN NOB C laur.,dr. and cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with to turrents star above
fld:/ex: dot in doorway / SMANT(delta=4)
hill132
IMG_3824.jpg
01 Constantius Gallus47 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP-REPARATIO
soldier spearing Horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching,
ALEΓ in ex
Alexandria 81
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4190.jpg
01 Constantius Gallus46 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching
ALEA / Gama left
Alexandria 74
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4275.jpg
01 Constantius Gallus50 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching
ALEB / dot S dot left
Alexandria 79
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4308.jpg
01 Constantius Gallus29 viewsDN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES, Bare, bust draped and cuirassed right, Delta behind
FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing falling horseman, bare headed reaching
ALE Delata in ex
RIC Alexandria 77
Randygeki(h2)
Numerian1.jpg
011 - Numerian (as Caesar 282-283 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 37838 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR NVMERIANVS NOB C, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS AVGGG, Numerian standing right, recieving Victory from Jupiter, standing left
Minted in Antioch (B in field, * above, XXI in exe), officina 2, 282-283 AD.
pierre_p77
antioch5a.jpg
012 Constantine II 18 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. and cuir.bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: dot in doorway / SMANT(delta=4)
hill132
0150.jpg
0150 - Nummus Crispus 323-4 AC20 viewsObv/ CRISPVS NOBIL C, laureate and cuirassed bust of C. l., spear on r. shoulder and shield on r.h.
Rev/ BEATA TRA-NQLITAS, globe set on altar inscribed VOT/IS/XX in three lines; above, three stars; PLON in ex.

AE, 19.8 mm, 2.50 g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VII/278 [R3]
ex-Numismatica Tintinna, auction e11, lot 2122
dafnis
0154.jpg
0154 - Nummus Constantius II 324-5 AC33 viewsObv/ FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate and draped bust of C. l.
Rev/ PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, camp gate with two turrets, star above; PLON in ex.

AE, 19.0 mm, 3.13 g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VII/298 [C1]
ex-CNG, auction e261, lot 315
dafnis
0156.jpg
0156 - Nummus Constantine II 324-5 AC30 viewsObv/ CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of C. r.
Rev/ PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, camp gate with two turrets, star above, no door; PLON in ex.

AE, 19.2 mm, 3.59 g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VII/296 [C3]
ex-Harlan J Berk, auction 176, lot 499
dafnis
antioch11b.jpg
018 Crispus22 viewsobv: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: dot in doorway / SMANTZ
hill132
antioch12a.jpg
019 Constantius II14 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMANTH
hill132
0195.jpg
0195 - Nummus Constantius I 300-03 AC61 viewsObv/ FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate and cuirassed bust of C. r.
Rev/ GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius of the Roman People standing l., holding patera and cornucopia.

AE, 28 mm, 10.41 g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VI/20 [R]
ex-vAuctions (Triskeles), auction 313, lot 354.
dafnis
KnidosARdrachm.jpg
020a, CARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm.66 viewsCARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm - 16mm (6.06 g). Obverse: forepart of roaring lion right; Reverse: archaic head of Aphrodite right, hair bound with taenia. Cahn 80 (V38/R53); SNG Helsinki 132 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 232 (same dies). Toned, near VF, good metal. Ex Barry P. Murphy.

While this coin falls within the time frame that numismatists call "Classical" Greek coinage, I have chosen to place it in both the "Archaic" (coin 020a) and "Classical" Greek sections of my collection. This specimen is one of those wonderful examples of transition--it incorporates many elements of the "Archaic" era, although it is struck during the "Classical" Greek period and anticipates characteristics of the later period.

As noted art historian Patricia Lawrence has pointed out, "[this specimen portrays] A noble-headed lion, a lovely Late Archaic Aphrodite, and [is made from]. . . beautiful metal." The Archaic Aphrodite is reminiscent of certain portraits of Arethusa found on tetradrachms produced in Syracuse in the first decade of the 5th century BC.

Knidos was a city of high antiquity and as a Hellenic city probably of Lacedaemonian colonization. Along with Halicarnassus (present day Bodrum, Turkey) and Kos, and the Rhodian cities of Lindos, Kamiros and Ialyssos it formed the Dorian Hexapolis, which held its confederate assemblies on the Triopian headland, and there celebrated games in honour of Apollo, Poseidon and the nymphs.

The city was at first governed by an oligarchic senate, composed of sixty members, and presided over by a magistrate; but, though it is proved by inscriptions that the old names continued to a very late period, the constitution underwent a popular transformation. The situation of the city was favourable for commerce, and the Knidians acquired considerable wealth, and were able to colonize the island of Lipara, and founded a city on Corcyra Nigra in the Adriatic. They ultimately submitted to Cyrus, and from the battle of Eurymedon to the latter part of the Peloponnesian War they were subject to Athens.

In their expansion into the region, the Romans easily obtained the allegiance of Knidians, and rewarded them for help given against Antiochus by leaving them the freedom of their city.

During the Byzantine period there must still have been a considerable population: for the ruins contain a large number of buildings belonging to the Byzantine style, and Christian sepulchres are common in the neighbourhood.

Eudoxus, the astronomer, Ctesias, the writer on Persian history, and Sostratus, the builder of the celebrated Pharos at Alexandria, are the most remarkable of the Knidians mentioned in history.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cnidus

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
0211_RICVII_275.jpg
0211 - Nummus Crispus 323-4 AC13 viewsObv/ CRISPVS NOBIL C, bust of C. l. with helmet and cuirass.
Rev/ BEAT TRA NQILITAS, globe above altar inscribed VOT IS XX; above, three stars; PLON in ex.

AE, 19.5 mm, 2.94 g.
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VII/275 - CT 9.05.025 [CC]
ex-Roma Numismatics, auction e27, lot 938.
dafnis
0218_RICVII_292.jpg
0218 - Nummus Constantine II c.324 AC16 viewsObv/ CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate bust of C. II r.
Rev/ Laurel wreath with VOT X inscribed on two lines inside; around, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM; in ex., PLON and symbol.

AE, 20.1 mm, 4.18 g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VII/292 [C3] - CT 10.01.007 [CC]
ex-Roma Numismatics, auction e35, lot 1586
dafnis
antioch16.jpg
023 Constantius II26 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur.drp.cuir.bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMANT(H=eta=8)
1 commentshill132
antioch17.jpg
024 Constantius II8 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMANTdelta
hill132
antioch19.jpg
026 Constantius II14 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrets star above
ex: SMANTH
hill132
IMG_3185.JPG
03 Constantius Gallus38 viewsDN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right,
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, ANBI in ex
Antioch 134
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2573~0.JPG
03 Julian II32 viewsJulian II
Ae 15

DN IVLIANV-S NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
TEMP-REP...
bearded, one braid, clutching
ANЄI ?
Antioch 189

new pic
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
arles3.jpg
030 Constantius II18 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. and cuir. bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above,wide open doors
ex: SF/ARLQ
hill132
037.jpg
032 HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS8 viewsEMPEROR: Herennius Etruscus, as Ceasar
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, radiate and draped bust right
REVERSE: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Herennius standing left, holding rod and spear
DATE: 251 AD
MINT: Roma
WEIGHT: 4.02 g
RIC: 147c
Barnaba6
LarryW1924.jpg
0345 Justin II, 565-57877 viewsAV solidus, 20.8mm, 4.4g, aVF
Struck at Constantinople
DN IVSTI-NVS PP AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust of Justin facing, holding globe surmounted by Victory, and shield / VICTORI-A AVCCC H, angel standing facing, holding long staff and globus cruciger; star in right field, CONOB in exg
Sear 345
Private sale
Lawrence Woolslayer
arles8.jpg
035 Constantine II17 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above, wide open doors
ex: SF/TCONST
hill132
arles9.jpg
036 Constantinus II17 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. and cuir. bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above
ex: TA(cressent)RL
hill132
arles10.jpg
037 Constantine II13 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above, wide open doors
ex: SF/TCONST
hill132
arles11.jpg
038 Constantinus II16 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above, wide open doors
ex: SF/ TCONST
hill132
arles12.jpg
039 Constantius II9 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SF/QCONST
hill132
dom as caesar pegasus.jpg
03a Domitian as Caesar RIC 921166 viewsAR Denarius, 3.12g
Rome mint, 76-77 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS IIII; Pegasus, standing r.
RIC 921 (C2). BMC 193. RSC 47. BNC 169.
Acquired from Nilus Coins, March 2007.

The reverse copies an Augustan one and might possibly allude to Domitian's foray into poetry. (BMCRE xl)

Unlike most of the crude Domitian portraits of the time from the Rome mint, this one has a great beauty and nobility to it that few of his contemporary denarii strive to achieve. Was it a minor slight that most of the better die engravers were used for Vespasian and Titus' coins? Thankfully one slipped through to create a wonderful portrait of the young caesar.

Despite some minor flaws, this is a wonderful coin that I'm happy to add to my collection.
2 commentsVespasian70
IMG_3433.jpg
04 Constantius Gallus32 views
DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right; A behind bust
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
bare-headed, reaching,LXXII left, wreath in center
AQP in ex
Aquileia 198
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
arles13.jpg
040 Constantine II15 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SF/ARLT
hill132
arles14.jpg
041 Constantius II14 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SF/ARLQ
hill132
arles15.jpg
042 Constantius II10 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: SF/ARLP
hill132
arles20.jpg
047 Constantius II. AE311 viewsobv:FL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: Q*AR dot
hill132
LarryW1913.jpg
0488 Maurice Tiberius, 582-60219 viewsAV tremissis, 17.8mm, 1.49g, EF, flat strike, 180deg,
Constantinople mint, 583 - 602 A.D.
d N TIbE-RI P P AVC, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / VICTORI MAVRI AVS, cross; CONOB in exg
Sear 488; DO 14
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
CRAW_519_Denario_Ahenobarbo.jpg
05-01 - Cn.DOMITIUS L.f. AHENOBARBUS (42 - 36 A.C.)20 views Gneo Domicio Enobarbo bisabuelo de Nerón, político y militar .
AR Denarius 18x21 mm 3.8 gr

Anv: Cabeza masculina barbada viendo a derecha - "AHENOBAR" delante del busto.
Rev: Trofeo militar con 2 lanzas y escudo, sobre una proa de galera. "CN·DOMITIVS·IMP".

Acuñada en el 41 A.C.
Ceca móvil militar probablemente en la región de los mares Adriático ó Jónico.

Referencias: Sear RCTV I #1456 Pag.279, Craw RRC #519/2, Syd CRR #1177, BMCRR (East)#94, RSC I Domitia 21 Pag.45, Sear CRI #339, Babelon I Domitia 21 Pag.467, Catalli #841, Albert #1648
mdelvalle
arles24.jpg
051 Constantius II. AE314 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: SF/QCONST
hill132
CarinusAnt.JPG
051. Carinus, 283-285AD. BI Antoninianus56 viewsAE Antoninianus. Siscia.

Obv. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES

Rev. Fides standing left holding two standards, star P in right field FIDES MILITVM, XXI in ex.

CHEF. Rare, possibly unpublished variant.
2 commentsLordBest
arles25.jpg
052 Constantius II. AE325 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: QA(crescent)RL
hill132
Geta_AR-Den_P-SEPT-GETA-CAES-PONT_NOBI-LITAS_RIC-IV-I-13a-p-_RSC-90_Roma-199-AD_Q-001_axis-7h_17,5-18,5mm_3,26g-s.jpg
053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 013a, Rome, AR-Denarius, NOBILITAS, Nobilitas standing right, #192 views053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 013a, Rome, AR-Denarius, NOBILITAS, Nobilitas standing right, #1
avers:- P-SEPT-GETA-CAES-PONT, Bare-headed, draped bust right.
revers:- NOBI-LITAS, Nobilitas standing right holding sceptre and palladium.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,5mm, weight: 3,26g, axis:- 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 199 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-013a-p-, RSC-90,
Q-001
quadrans
Geta_AR-Den_P-SEPT-GETA-CAES-PONT_NOBI-LITAS_RIC-IV-I-13a-p-_RSC-90_Roma-199-AD_Q-002_1h_18,5-19,5mm_3,07g-s.jpg
053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 013a, Rome, AR-Denarius, NOBILITAS, Nobilitas standing right, #278 views053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 013a, Rome, AR-Denarius, NOBILITAS, Nobilitas standing right, #2
avers: P-SEPT-GETA-CAES-PONT, Bare-headed, draped bust right.
revers: NOBI-LITAS, Nobilitas standing right holding sceptre and palladium.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19,5mm, weight: 3,07g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 199 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-013a-p-, RSC-90,
Q-002
quadrans
arles27.jpg
054 Constantinus II. AE314 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above, wide open doors
fld:/ex: SF/ARLT
hill132
arles29.jpg
057 Constantius II. AE315 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above, wide open doors
ex: QR(crescent)RL
hill132
arles31.jpg
059 Constantine II. AE331 viewsobv: COSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above wide open doors
ex: TA(crescent)RL
1 commentshill132
faustina-sr_den_veiled-bust-peacock_2_82gr_feb2012a.JPG
06 - Faustina I - 02 - AR Denarius - Peacock 'CONSECRATIO' - NGC Choice VF56 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Senior (138 - 141), Wife of Emperor Antoninus Pius (AD 138 - 161).
Silver Denarius, Struck at the Rome Mint by the Emperor Antoninus Pius to consecrate and commemorate his wife after her death.

(All Titles in Latin)
obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Veiled and Draped bust facing right.
rev: CONSECRATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

*Note how the two head feathers on the top of the Peacock's head seperate the 'R' and the 'A' in " CONSECR ATIO ' on the reverse.
***Less common type with Veiled bust obverse rather than her usual bust with hair wrapped on the top of her head, like on my other example of this type with the same reverse design and titles, and the same obverse titles.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Certified "Choice Very Fine" by NGC Ancients.
Strike: 4/5
Surface: 4/5
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
>^..^< CLICK PHOTO FOR FULLSIZE IMAGE >^..^
5 commentsrexesq
faustina-sr_den_veiled-bust-peacock_2_82gr_feb2012b.jpg
06 - Faustina I - 02 - AR Denarius - Peacock 'CONSECRATIO' - NGC Choice VF.15 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Senior (138 - 141), Wife of Emperor Antoninus Pius (AD 138 - 161).
Silver Denarius, Struck at the Rome Mint by the Emperor Antoninus Pius to consecrate and commemorate his wife after her death.

(All Titles in Latin)
obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Veiled and Draped bust facing right.
rev: CONSECRATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
~~
*Note how the head feathers on the peacock's head seperate the 'R' and the 'A' in CONSECR ATIO

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Certified "Choice Very Fine" by NGC Ancients.
Strike: 4/5
Surface: 4/5
----------------------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------------
** Any scratches, smudges or marks are on the slab, not the coin itself. **
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_peacock_2_62gr_00.jpg
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' 30 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.

rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_obv_01_rev_02.JPG
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - 0122 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_obv_04_rev_04.JPG
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - 0212 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_obv_14_rev_04.JPG
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - 0312 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_obv_13_rev_04.JPG
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - 0415 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_rev_06_off-color.jpg
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - off color10 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
*photo is off color due to my camera problems.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_rev_09.jpg
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - VII11 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.

Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.

2.62 grams.
rexesq
024.JPG
06 Constantius Gallus137 viewsConstantius Gallus, AE3, DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, knee raised, spearing fallen horseman.
Left field: dot S dot, Star.

ex: CONS[?] Constantinople 117
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3373.jpg
06 Constantius Gallus54 viewsConstantius Gallus
A.D. 351- 354
19x21mm 3.9gm
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES; bare-headed, draped & cuirassed bust right, Delta behind bust.
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO; Soldier spearing fallen horseman, B in left field.
In ex. CONS[?]
RIC VIII Constantinople 113
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3421.jpg
06 Constantius Gallus44 viewsConstantius Gallus
24 MM. 4.61 G
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
R-EPARATIO
beared?, Phrygian helmet, clutching
CONS epsilon / Γ left / · centre
Constantinople 107
Rare (rev. break)
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4595.jpg
06 Constantius Gallus13 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
RE-PARATIO
no beard, Phrygian helmet, reaching (headwear not in RIC for this issue)
CONSH / · in centre
Constantinople 122
Randygeki(h2)
arles33.jpg
061 Constantine II10 viewsobv: COSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star
fld:/ex: SF/ARLT
hill132
065.jpg
061 CRISPUS8 viewsEMPEROR: Crispus
DENOMINATION: AE reduced follis
OBVERSE: IVL CRISPVS NOB C
REVERSE: VOT X within wreath, around which CAESARVM NOSTRORVM
EXERGUE: STR crescent
DATE: 323-324 AD
MINT: Trier
WEIGHT: 3.21 g
RIC: VII Trier 440
323-4 AD. VOT X
Barnaba6
4~0.jpg
061a CRISPUS RIC TRIER 394 R317 views EMPEROR: Crispus
DENOMINATION: AE reduced follis
OBVERSE: IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES; laureate & cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder & shield on left arm
REVERSE: BEATA TRAN-QVILLITAS, large globe on an altar inscribed VO-TIS- XX in three lines, three stars above
EXERGUE: ●STR●
MINT: Trier
WEIGHT:
RIC VII Trier 394 (R3)
Barnaba6
5.jpg
061b CRISPUS RIC TRIER 269 R516 views EMPEROR: Crispus
DENOMINATION: AE reduced follis
OBVERSE: CRISPVS NOB CAES; laureate, cuirassed bust left, with spear & shield,
REVERSE: VIRTVS EXERCIT, standard inscribed VOT XX with two captives seated on ground
EXERGUE: STR
MINT: Trier
WEIGHT:
RIC VII Trier 269 (R5)
Barnaba6
066.jpg
062 CONSTANTINUS II14 viewsEMPEROR: Constantinus II
DENOMINATION: AE reduced follis
OBVERSE: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REVERSE: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, campgate, 5 layers, two turrets, no door, star above.
EXERGUE: SMHΓ.
DATE: 325-326 AD
MINT: Heraclea
WEIGHT: 2.05 g
RIC: VII Heraclea 77
Barnaba6
LarryW1928.jpg
0620 Focus, 602-61024 viewsAV solidus, 22.8mm, 4.49g, EF
Struck 607-610 at Constantinople
DN FOCAS PERP AVG, draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown and holding globus cruciger / VICTORIA [AVGU] I, Angel standing facing, holding staff surmounted with Rho and globus cruciger; CONOB in exg. Unusual double strike.
Sear 620; Hahn 9

Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW1921.jpg
0620v Focas, 602-61042 viewsGold solidus, 22.29mm, 4.48g, brilliant, Mint State
Struck c. 607-610 at Constantinople
d N FOCAS PERP AV, crowned, draped and cuirased bust facing, holding globus cruciger in raised right hand / VICTORIA AVGU E, angel standing facing, holding long staff surmounted by chi-rho monogram in right hand and orb surmounted by cross (globus cruciger) in left; CONOB in exg.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Glenn W. Woods; Leu Auction 75, Zurich, 25-27 October 1999, lot 1629
cf. Sear 620; DOC 10e 1-5; MIB 9; Wroth (BMC) 10; Tolstoi 8; Ratto 1181 - all with obverse legend ending AVG
Lawrence Woolslayer
7.jpg
062a CONSTANTINUS II RIC SISCIA 126 R321 views EMPEROR: Constantinus II
DENOMINATION: AE reduced follis
OBVERSE: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped bust left, holding Victory ON GLOBE and mappa.
REVERSE: VIRTVS EXERCIT; standard inscribed VOT X with bound captive seated to left and right of its base.
EXERGUE: BSIS*
WEIGHT:
RIC: VII SISCIA 126 (R3)
Barnaba6
constantiusgallus.jpg
062A. Constantius Gallus, 351-354AD. AE2.119 viewsAE2. Constantinople mint.

Obv. Bare head bust right, draped and cuirassed D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES.

Rev. Soldier spearing horseman left, down and holding neck of horse with one hand and reaching back with the other arm FEL TEMP R-EPARATIO. Exe: CONSS

RIC VIII, 120 (s) Scarce, page 458 - LRBC #2040/ 3.06 g
LordBest
LarryW1920.jpg
0631 Focas, 602-61024 viewsGold semissis, 20.03mm, 2.11g, EF
d N FOCAS PER AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VICTORIA AVGU, Victory advancing right, head left, holding wreath and globus cruciger; CONOB in exg.
Scarce, some double-striking
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Sear 631; DO 16; MIB 25; Wroth/BMC 28-9; Tolstoi 29-31; Ratto 1205; CBN 32-4
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW1919.jpg
0634 Focas, 602-61044 viewsGold tremissis, 18.18mm, 1.52g, EF
Struck c. 607-610 at Constantinople
dN FOCAS PER AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VICTORI FOCAS AVG, cross potent, CONOB beneath
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Sear 634; DO 19; MIB 27; Wroth/BMC 30-32; Ratto 1206; CBN 40-43
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW1918.jpg
0635 Focas, 602-61038 viewsGold half tremissis (1/6 solidus), 14.34mm, 0.72g, aEF
Struck c. 607-610 at Constantinople
dN FOCAS PER AV, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, beardless / VICTORI FOCAS AV, cross potent, CONOB beneath.
Extremely rare with three known specimens; the smallest gold denomination in the Byzantine series.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Glenn W. Woods; Frank Kovacs
Sear 635; cf. DOC 20; cf. MIB 29
Lawrence Woolslayer
6.jpg
065a CONSTANTIUS II RIC SISCIA 20310 views EMPEROR: Constantius II
DENOMINATION: Ae3
OBVERSE: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped bust left
REVERSE: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Camp gate with 2 turrets & star
EXERGUE: ΔSIS doublecresent
MINT: SISCIA
RIC VII SISCIA 203
Barnaba6
arles40.jpg
068 Constantine II. AE314 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above wide open doors
ex: TA(crescent)RL
hill132
069.jpg
068 DECENTIUS21 viewsEMPEROR: Decentius
DENOMINATION: AE3
OBVERSE: DN DECENTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, cuirassed bust right
REVERSE: VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAES, two Victories standing facing each other, holding between them a wreath inscribed VOT V MVLT X on a column. S-V across fields
EXERGUE: RSLG
DATE: 350-353 AD
MINT: Lugdunum
WEIGHT: 4.99 g
RIC VIII Lyons 124
Barnaba6
06a-Constantine-Car-051c.jpg
06a. Constantine as Caesar: Carthage follis.55 viewsFollis, Nov. - Dec. 306, Carthage mint.
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART / Carthage standing, dressed in long robe, holding fruit in both hands. H in left field.
Mint mark: Γ
9.49 gm., 27 mm.
RIC #51c; PBCC #575; Sear #15551.
1 commentsCallimachus
06c-Constantine-Ser-026.jpg
06c. Constantine as Caesar: Serdica follis.59 viewsFollis, July 306 - Spring 307, Serdica mint.
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAESAR / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, chlamys over left shoulder, pouring liquid from patera, holding cornucopiae. A in right field.
Mint mark: . SM . SD .
8.28 gm., 27 mm.
RIC #26; PBCC #848; Sear #15532.

RIC (vol VI, p. 489) says of this coin: " Rare for the Augusti, and very rare for the Caesars. This was evidently a small issue." This was the first issue to have Constantine on it, and due to political considerations, the last at Serdica. If you want a coin from each of the 19 mints that produced coins for Constantine, Serdica is the hardest to find.
2 commentsCallimachus
06d-Constantine-RIC-Lon-88b.jpg
06d. Constantine as Caesar: London follis.24 viewsFollis, summer 307, Londinium mint.
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB C / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: GENIO POP ROM / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Mint mark: PLN
7.05 gm., 28 mm.
RIC #88b; PBCC #11; Sear unlisted.
Callimachus
06e-Constantine-Rom-164.jpg
06e. Constantine as Caesar: Rome follis.45 viewsFollis, Summer 307, Rome mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: CONSERVATORES VRB SVAE / Roma seated in tetrastyle temple, holding globe and sceptre; knobs as acroteria, plain pediment.
Mint mark: RQ
5.64 gm., 25 mm.
RIC #164; PBCC #407; Sear #15512.
1 commentsCallimachus
06g-Constantine-Tre-RIC-719b.jpg
06g. Constantine as Caesar: Treveri follis.51 viewsFollis, Summer 307, Treveri mint.
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB C / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: GENIO POP ROM / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopia. S in left field; A in right field.
Mint mark: PTR
7.75 gm., 27 mm.
RIC #719b; PBCC #122; Sear #15520.
1 commentsCallimachus
IMG_2578.JPG
07 Constantius Gallus27 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS NOB CS, BDC, FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, no beard, Phrygian helmet, reaching. SMKB in ex

Cyzikus 107

better pic
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_2827.JPG
07 Constantius Gallus52 viewsConstantius Gallus.
23mm, 5.45g
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Bareheaded, draped and cuirassed bust right./ FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching back , Gamma left,dot SMK Gamma in ex
Cyzikus 97
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4028.jpg
07 Constantius Gallus29 viewsDN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Bareheaded, draped and cuirassed bust right./ FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching back , Gamma left,dot SMKS in ex
Cyzikus 97
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
GI 071c img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus, AE26, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Zeus33 viewsAE27
Obv:– AVT M AVP ANTWNINOC, Radiate, draped bust right
Rev:– VP NOBIOV POVFOV NIKOPOLITWN / PROC ICPTON, Naked Zeus standing facing, head left, holding patera and sceptre; eagle at feet
Struck under the magistrate Novius Rufus
Minted in Nikopolis ad Istrum

Ref??? Any help most welcome.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
arles43.jpg
071 Constantius II13 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two torrents, star above
ex: SF/ARLQ
hill132
arles45.jpg
073 Constantius II11 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents, star above
ex: SF/ARLQ
hill132
theodosius2~0.jpg
074. Theodosius II, 402-450AD. AV Solidus.511 viewsAV Solidus. Constantinople mint. Obv: DN THEODO-SIVS PF AVG - Three-quarters bust right, draped, cuirassed, holding spear over right shoulder and shield in left hand Rev: VOT XXX MVLT XXXXS - Constantinopolis seated left, holding cross on globe and scepter, her left foot sits on the prow of a galley and at rear of her throne, a shield sits; in right field, a 'star'. Exe: CONOB : AD 430-440, RIC X, 257 (s) Scarce, page 259/ 4.48 g. Choice FDC.
15 commentsLordBest
74b.jpg
074b Herennius Etruscus. AR antoninianus20 viewsobv: Q HER MES DECIVS NOB C rad. drp. bust r.
rev: PIETAS AVGVSTORVM sprinkler, simpolum,jug and litus
"sacrificial implements"
hill132
Personajes_Imperiales_8.jpg
08 - Personalities of the Empire81 viewsMarius, Victorianus, Domitian II, Tetricus I, Tetricus II, Claudius II, Quintillus, Aurelianus, Severina, Zenobia, Vaballathus, Tacitus, Florianus and Probus2 commentsmdelvalle
2860420.jpg
08. Maurice Tiberius23 viewsAV Solidus (21mm, 4.41 g, 7h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck 583-602 AD.

O: Helmeted, draped, and cuirassed facing bust, holding globus cruciger

R: Angel standing facing, holding long staff surmounted by staurogram and globus cruciger; Z//CONOB. DOC 5g; MIBE 6; SB 478. VF, small dig on reverse.

Ex CNG

1 commentsSosius
Etruscus_Q-HER-ETR-MES-DECIVS-NOB-C_CONCORDIA-AVGGG-RIC-138_C-4_Rome_250-AD__Q-001_20-23mm_2_29g-s.jpg
081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 138, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G, Rare!,66 views081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 138, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G, Rare!,
avers:- Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA AVG G, Hands, in handshake.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20-23mm, weight: 2,29g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 250 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-138, p-138, C-4,
Q-001
quadrans
Etruscus_Q-HER-ETR-MES-DECIVS-NOB-C_PIETAS-AVG-G_RIC-142b_C-11_Rome_250-251-AD__Q-001_22-23mm_4_02g-s.jpg
081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 142b, Rome, PIETAS AVG G, Scarce !,68 views081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 142b, Rome, PIETAS AVG G, Scarce !,
avers:- Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- PIETAS AVG G, Mercury standing left, holding purse and caduceus.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 4,02g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-142b, p-138, C-11,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Herenius-Etr_AR-Ant_Q-HER-ETR-MES-DECIVS-NOB-C_PIETAS-AVGVSTORVM_RIC-143_C-_Q-001_axis-5h_20-23,5mm_3,55g-s.jpg
081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 143, Rome, PIETAS AVGVSTORVM, Scarce, #1,68 views081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 143, Rome, PIETAS AVGVSTORVM, Scarce, #1,
avers:- Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- PIETAS AVGVSTORVM, Sprinkler, simpulum, jug, and lituus.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 20-23,5 mm, weight: 3,55g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 250 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-143, p-139, C-14,
Q-001
quadrans
Etruscus_Q-HER-ETR-MES-DECIVS-NOB-C_PIETAS-AVGVSTORVM-RIC-143_C-14_Rome_250-AD__Q-001_21-23mm_3_63g-s.jpg
081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 143, Rome, PIETAS AVGVSTORVM, Scarce, #2,65 views081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 143, Rome, PIETAS AVGVSTORVM, Scarce, #2,
avers:- Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- PIETAS AVGVSTORVM, Sprinkler, simpulum, jug, and lituus.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,63g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 250 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-143, p-139, C-14,
Q-002
quadrans
Herennius-Etr_AR-Ant_Q-HER-ETR-MES-DECIVS-NOB-C_PIETAS-AVGVSTORVM_RIC-143_Q-004_axis-7h_21-22,5mm_3,95g-s.jpg
081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 143, Rome, PIETAS AVGVSTORVM, Scarce, #4,135 views081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 143, Rome, PIETAS AVGVSTORVM, Scarce, #4,
avers:- Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- PIETAS AVGVSTORVM, Sprinkler, simpulum, jug, and lituus.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21-22,5 mm, weight: 3,95g, axis: 7 h,
mint: Rome, date: 250 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-143, p-139, C-14,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Herenius-Etr_AR-Ant_Q-HER-ETR-MES-DECIVS-NOB-C_PRINCIPI_IVVENTVTIS_RIC-146_C-_Q-001_axis-0h_21-22mm_3,80g-s.jpg
081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 146, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Rare!, #1,86 views081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 146, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Rare!, #1,
avers:- Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Apollo seated left, holding branch and resting elbow on lyre.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21-22 mm, weight: 3,80 g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: 251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-146, p-139, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
Etruscus_Q-HER-ETR-MES-DECIVS-NOB-C_PRINCIPI-IVVENTVTIS-RIC-146_C-_Rome_251-AD__Q-001_21mm_3_48g-s.jpg
081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 146, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Rare!, #2,66 views081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 146, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Rare!, #2,
avers:- Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Apollo seated left, holding branch and resting elbow on lyre.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,48g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-146, p-139, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
Etruscus_R-HER-ETR-MES-DECIVS-NOB-C_SPES-PVBLICA-RIC-149_C-39_Rome_250-AD__Q-001_20-24mm_4_91g-s.jpg
081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 149, Rome, SPES-PVBLICA, Scarce!, 73 views081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 149, Rome, SPES-PVBLICA, Scarce!,
avers:- Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- SPES PVBLICA, Spes standing left, holding flower and raising skirt.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20-24mm, weight: 4,91g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 250 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-149, p-139, C-39,
Q-001
quadrans
081_Herennius-Etruscus_AE-Sestertius-PM-03-41-03_Viminacium-Q-H-ETR-MES-DEC-CAES_PMS-C-OL-VIM_AN_XII_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
081p Herennius Etruscus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-41-03, AE-Sestertius, #0161 views081p Herennius Etruscus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-41-03, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB, bare headed, draped, cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMS C OL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo: -/-//AN XII, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: Pick-141, PM-3-41-03, Mus-r,
Q-001
quadrans
constantinople1.jpg
082 Constantine II19 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star between, base at bottom
ex: B/CONS
hill132
constantinople1~0.jpg
082 Constantius II15 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTINV NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star between, with base
ex: B/CONS
hill132
constantinople2.jpg
083 Constantine II15 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: r/CONS
hill132
84b.jpg
084b Saloninus. AR antoninianus11 viewsobv: SALON VALERIANVS NOB CAES rad. drp. bust r. as seen from behind
rev: SPES PVBLICA Sal. std. l. holding spear,receiving flower from Spes
hill132
84c.jpg
084c Saloninus. AR antoninianus9 viewsobv: SALON VALERIANVS NOB CAES rad. drp. bust r. as seen from behind
rev: SPES PVBLICA Sol. r. receiving flower from Spes.wreath above
hill132
248Hadrian__RIC850f.JPG
0850 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Dacia36 viewsReference. Scarce
RIC 850;

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate, draped bust right, seen from back.

Rev. in ex. DACIA S-C in field
Dacia seated left on rock, holding vexillum and curved sword (Falx); r. foot rests on globe?

11.52 gr
26 mm
6h

Note.
At the time of the Dacian wars researchers have estimated that only ten percent of Spanish and Gallic warriors had access to swords, usually the nobility. By contrast Dacia had rich resources of iron and were prolific metal workers. It is clear that a large percentage of Dacians owned swords, greatly reducing Rome's military advantage.[7]
Marcus Cornelius Fronto described the large gaping wounds that a falx inflicted, and experiments have shown that a blow from a falx easily penetrated the Romans' lorica segmentata, incapacitating the majority of victims.
1 commentsokidoki
IMG_2655.JPG
09 Constantius Gallus48 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman,
hair straight up, no beard, reaching (hair type not in RIC)
SMN[?]

Nicomedia 97 var
C
ex DS
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
cyzicus4.jpg
090 Constantius II15 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: .SMK(DELTA).
hill132
093_Saloninus,_Bi-Ant_,_RIC_V-I_036,_Samosata,_SALON_VALERIANVS_NOB_CAES,_SPES_PVBLICA,_256-260AD,_Q-001,_5h,_20-21mm,_3g-s.jpg
093 Saloninus (258-260 A.D. Caesar), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 036, Samosata, SPES PVBLICA, Prince in military dress and Spes,100 views093 Saloninus (258-260 A.D. Caesar), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 036, Samosata, SPES PVBLICA, Prince in military dress and Spes,
avers: SALON VALERIANVS NOB CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Saloninus right.
reverse: SPES PVBLICA, Prince in military dress standing right, holding scepter and receiving a flower from Spes, walking left, lifting hem of skirt, star between.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 20,0-21,0mm, weight: 3,00g, axis: 5h,
mint: Samosata, date: 256-260 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 36, p-, C-41,
Q-001
quadrans
cyzicus8.jpg
094 Constantine I11 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKA.
hill132
cyzicus9.jpg
095 Constantine II15 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKB
hill132
LarryW1922.jpg
0956 Contans II, AD 641-66850 viewsGold solidus, 19.44mm, 4.49g, nearly EF
Struck c. 651-654 at Constantinople
d N CONSTAN[TINU]S PP AV, crowned bust facing, with long beard and mustache, wearing chlamys and holding globus cruciger in right hand / VICTORIA AVGU I, cross potent on three steps; CO[NOB] beneath.
Areas of flatness in the striking
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Sear 956; DOC 19j; MIB 23; Wroth/BMC 36; Tolstoi 57; CBN 41
Lawrence Woolslayer
cyzicus10.jpg
096 Constantine II14 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKA.
hill132
LarryW1925.jpg
0964 Constans II, AD 641-66853 viewsGold solidus, 20mm, 4.31g, EF
[legend blundered and fragmentary], facing busts of Contans II with long beard (on left), and Constantine IV, beardless (on right), each clad in chlamys, Constans wearing plumed crown (or helmet), his son wearing simple crown, cross in upper field between their heads / VICTORIA AVGU Δ, cross potent on three steps between facing standing figures of Heraclius (on left) and Tiberius (on right), both beardless, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger in right hand; CONOB in exergue. Some surface deposits on obverse and a little flatness in the striking affecting both sides.
Certificate of Authenticy by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
Sear 964; DOC 30d; MIB 31; Wroth (BMC) 55; Tolstoi 293
Lawrence Woolslayer
RI 098a img.jpg
098 - Herennius Etruscus Antoninianus - RIC 14935 viewsObv:– Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, Radiate, draped bust right
Rev:– SPES PVBLICA, Spes advancing left, raising skirt and holding flower
Minted in Rome.
Reference:– RIC 149. RSC 38
maridvnvm
RI_098b_img.jpg
098 - Herennius Etruscus, Antoninianus - RIC 01415 viewsObv:– Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, Radiate draped bust right
Rev:– PIETAS AVGVSTORVM, Whip, ladle, jug, patera and lituus
Minted in Rome. Jan-Dec A.D. 250
Reference:– RIC 143. RSC 14
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_098c_img.jpg
098 - Herennius Etruscus, Antoninianus - RIC 01412 viewsObv:– Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, Radiate draped bust right
Rev:– PIETAS AVGVSTORVM, Whip, ladle, jug, patera and lituus
Minted in Rome. Jan-Dec A.D. 250
Reference:– RIC 143. RSC 14

2.99 gms, 21.67mm. 180 degrees
1 commentsmaridvnvm
cyzicus13a.jpg
099 Constantine II9 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C pearl dia. drp. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS
ex: SMK(delta)
hill132
Sulla_L_Manlius_den.jpg
0ab Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix23 viewsL Manlivs, moneyer
82-72 BC

Denarius

Head of Roma, right, MANLI before, PRO Q behind
Sulla in walking quadriga, crowned by Victory, L SVLLA IM in ex.

Seaby, Manlia 4

Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix (c. 138 BC – 78 BC) was a Roman general and conservative statesman. He had the distinction of holding the office of consul twice, as well as reviving the dictatorship. Sulla was awarded a grass crown, the most prestigious and rarest Roman military honor, during the Social War. He was the first man to lead an army to Rome to settle a political dispute, in this case with Marius. In late 81 BC, he stunned the world by resigning his near-absolute powers, restoring constitutional government. After seeing election to and holding a second consulship, he retired to private life and died shortly after.

As to the person, Plutarch wrote: LUCIUS Cornelius Sylla was descended of a patrician or noble family. . . . His general personal appearance may be known by his statues; only his blue, eyes, of themselves extremely keen and glaring, were rendered all the more forbidding and terrible by the complexion of his face, in which white was mixed with rough blotches of fiery red. . . . And when supreme master of all, he was often wont to muster together the most impudent players and stage-followers of the town, and to drink and bandy jests with them without regard to his age or the dignity of his place, and to the prejudice of important affairs that required his attention. When he was once at table, it was not in Sylla's nature to admit of anything that was serious, and whereas at other times he was a man of business and austere of countenance, he underwent all of a sudden, at his first entrance upon wine and good-fellowship, a total revolution, and was gentle and tractable with common singers and dancers, and ready to oblige any one that spoke with him. It seems to have been a sort of diseased result of this laxity that he was so prone to amorous pleasures, and yielded without resistance to any temptation of voluptuousness, from which even in his old age he could not refrain. He had a long attachment for Metrobius, a player. In his first amours, it happened that he made court to a common but rich lady, Nicopolis by name, and what by the air of his youth, and what by long intimacy, won so far on her affections, that she rather than he was the lover, and at her death she bequeathed him her whole property. He likewise inherited the estate of a step-mother who loved him as her own son. By these means he had pretty well advanced his fortunes. . . . In general he would seem to have been of a very irregular character, full of inconsistencies with himself much given to rapine, to prodigality yet more; in promoting or disgracing whom he pleased, alike unaccountable; cringing to those he stood in need of, and domineering over others who stood in need of him, so that it was hard to tell whether his nature had more in it of pride or of servility. As to his unequal distribution of punishments, as, for example, that upon slight grounds he would put to the torture, and again would bear patiently with the greatest wrongs; would readily forgive and he reconciled after the most heinous acts of enmity, and yet would visit small and inconsiderable offences with death and confiscation of goods; one might judge that in himself he was really of a violent and revengeful nature, which, however, he could qualify, upon reflection, for his interest.
Blindado
IMG_2825.JPG
1 Constantius Gallus30 viewsConstantius Gallus
23mm 5.2g
DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right, A behind head / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor on galley, holding Victory on globe and labarum. Star in upper right field; III in left field. Mintmark: ASIS. RIC VIII Siscia 329.
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Denario_Claudio_I_y_Agripina_jr.jpg
10-01 - CLAUDIO (41 - 54 D.C.)75 viewsAR Denario 3.13 grs.

Anv: TI. CLAVD. CAESAR AVG. GERM. P. M. TRIB. POT. P. P.. Cabeza laureada de Claudio a derecha.
Rev: AGRIPPINAE AVGVSTAE. Busto de Agripina a derecha con corona de espigas.

Julia Vipsania Agripina , más conocida cómo Agripina la Menor para distinguirla de su madre, fue la hija mayor de Germánico y Agripina la Mayor, bisnieta por tanto de Marco Antonio y Octavia. Fue además Esposa de Ahenobarbo, hermana de Calígula, mujer y sobrina de Claudio I y madre de Nerón.

Acuñada 50 - 54 D.C.
Ceca: Roma Italia
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #81 Pag.126 (Plate.16) - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1886 Pag.371 - BMCRE Vol.1 #75 - Cohen Vol.1 (Agrippine et Claude) #4 Pag.274 - DVM #27 Pag.84 - CBN #82 - RSC Vol. II #4 Pag.11
3 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_81_Claudio_y_Agripina_Jr_.jpg
10-01 - CLAUDIO y AGRIPINA Jr. (41 - 54 D.C.)27 viewsAR Denario 20.0 mm 3.13 grs.

Anv: TI. CLAVD. CAESAR AVG. GERM. P. M. TRIB. POT. P. P.. Cabeza laureada de Claudio a derecha.
Rev: AGRIPPINAE AVGVSTAE. Busto de Agripina a derecha con corona de espigas.

Julia Vipsania Agripina , más conocida cómo Agripina la Menor para distinguirla de su madre, fue la hija mayor de Germánico y Agripina la Mayor, bisnieta por tanto de Marco Antonio y Octavia. Fue además Esposa de Ahenobarbo, hermana de Calígula, mujer y sobrina de Claudio I y madre de Nerón.

Acuñada 50 - 54 D.C.
Ceca: Roma Italia
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #81 Pag.126 (Plate.16) - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1886 Pag.371 - BMCRE Vol.1 #75 - Cohen Vol.1 (Agrippine et Claude) #4 Pag.274 - DVM #27 Pag.84 - CBN #82 - RSC Vol. II #4 Pag.11
1 commentsmdelvalle
Focas_Solidus_sm.jpg
10. Phocas16 viewsPHOCAS
602-610 AD
AV Solidus (22mm, 4.49 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 1st officina. Struck 604-607.
Crowned, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger / Angel standing facing, holding staff surmounted by staurogram and globus cruciger; A//CONOB. DOC 5a; MIBE 7; SB 618. EF.
Ex-CNG 10/2013
Sosius
cyzicus14a.jpg
100 Constantine II10 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB CAESS laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: .SMKr.
hill132
cyzicus16a.jpg
102 Constantine II13 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMK(epsilon)
hill132
cyzicus17a.jpg
103 Constantius II9 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: ./SMK(epsilon)
hill132
103.jpg
103 Numerian. AE antoninianus18 viewsobv: IMP CM AVR NVMERIANVS NOB C rad. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: VIRTVS AVGGG emp. std. r. holding scepter receiving victoryfrom Jupiter or carus std. l.
ex: *S/XXI
hill132
coin194.JPG
106a. Crispina48 viewsCrispina married the sixteen year-old, Commodus in the summer of 178 and brought him, as a dowry, a large number of estates. These, when added to the Imperial holdings, gave him control of a substantial part of Lucanian territory. The actual ceremony was modest but was commemorated on coinage and largesse was distributed to the people. An epithalamium for the occasion was composed by the sophist Julius Pollux.

Upon her marriage, Crispina received the title of Augusta, and thus, became Empress of the Roman Empire as her husband was co-emperor with her father-in-law at the time. The previous empress and her mother-in-law, Faustina the Younger, having died three years prior to her arrival.

Like most marriages of young members of the nobiles, it was arranged by paters: in Crispina's case by her father and her father-in-law, Emperor Marcus Aurelius. Crispina probably meant little to her egocentric husband though she was a beautiful woman. The other possible reason being that Commodus was known to prefer the company of men. Crispina is described as being a graceful person with a susceptible heart, but there is no medal extant of her.

As Augusta, Crispina was extensively honoured with public images, during the last two years of her father-in-law's reign and the initial years of her husband's reign. She did not seem to have any significant political influence over her husband during his bizarre reign. However, she was not exempted from court politics either as her sister-in-law, Lucilla, was an ambitious woman and was reportedly jealous of Crispina, the reigning empress, due to her position and power.

Crispina's marriage failed to produce an heir due to her husband's inability, which led to a dynastic succession crisis. In fact, both Anistius Burrus (with whom Commodus had share his first consulate as sole ruler) and Gaius Arrius Antoninus, who were probably related to the imperial family, were allegedly put to death 'on the suspicion of pretending to the throne'.

After ten years of marriage, Crispina was falsely charged with adultery by her husband and was banished to the island of Capri in 188, where she was later executed. After her banishment, Commodus did not marry again but took on a mistress, a woman named Marcia, who was later said to have conspired in his murder.

Crispina, wife of Commodus, 177-192, AE Dupondius or As (24x25mm), aVF. Sear RCV 6018. Obv. CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right. Rev. IVNO LVCINA S C, Juno standing left holding patera and scepter. The coin is brown and green, on a squarish flan.
ecoli
IMG_4119~0.jpg
108. Herennius Etruscus, son of Trajan Decius (250-251 A.D.)36 viewsAv.: Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C
Rv.: PIETAS AVGVSTORVM

AR Antoninian Ø21-25 / 5g
RIC IV 143 Rome, Cohen 14
2 commentsJuancho
IMG_2346.JPG
11 Constantius Gallus30 viewsConstantius Gallus
Rome
4,79 gm., 23 mm
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right,Delta behind / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet, clutching. Gamma left, R wreath epsilon in ex.
Rome 261 Rare
Randygeki(h2)
11_IMG_2585.JPG
11 Constantius Gallus58 viewsConstantius Gallus
17mm
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right. / FEL TEMP-REPARTIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman,bare-headed, reaching
RS in ex.
Rome 274
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Medio_Asarion_BRITANICO_Smyrna_en_Ionia.jpg
11-20 - Smyrna en Ionia - BRITANICO (50 - 54 D.C.)19 viewsAE15 - 1/2 Assarión (Provincial)
15 mm 4,05 gr 0 hr.

Tiberio Claudio César Británico en latín Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus (12 de febrero de 41 - 11 de febrero de 55) fue un noble romano, nacido del matrimonio entre el emperador Claudio y su tercera esposa, Valeria Mesalina. En el momento de su nacimiento, sólo un mes después del inicio del reinado de Claudio, fue nombrado heredero del Imperio; no obstante hubo tres factores: la condena a muerte de su madre a causa de bigamia, el matrimonio de Claudio con Agripina y la adopción de Nerón, descendiente del recordado Germánico, que provocaron que los ciudadanos romanos no le consideraran como sucesor imperial. Fue asesinado el día anterior a su decimocuarto cumpleaños. (Fuente Wikipedia)

Anv: "ZMYP" debajo - Busto vestido a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "ΕΠΙ ΦΙΛΙΣ ΤΟΥ ΕΙΚΑΔΙΟ Σ", (Philistos y Eikadios Magistrados), Nike avanzando a derecha, portando un trofeo sobre su hombro.

Acuñada 50 - 54 D.C.
Ceca: Smyrna en Ionia

Referencias: Vagi #650 - Lingren #562 - KLDSE XXXI #37 pag.223 - SNG Cop #1351 - SNG Von Aulock #7995 - BMC Vol.16 #284 Pag.270 - RPC I #2476 Pag.419
mdelvalle
11-Galerius-Lon-RIC-15.jpg
11. Galerius.21 viewsFollis, ca 298-300 AD, London mint (group II).
Obverse: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES / Laureate and curiassed bust of Galerius.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Mint mark: (none)
10.65gm., 26mm.
RIC #15; Sear #14344.
Callimachus
111a.jpg
111a Galerius Maximianus. AE follis 9.1gm28 viewsobv: CAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES laur; head r.
rev: GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: -S/ANT*
hill132
111b.jpg
111b Galerius Maximianus. AE radiate fraction22 viewsobv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES rad. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: CONCORDIA MI_LITVM Galerius std. r. receiving victory on globe from Jupiter
fld: KA
hill132
111c.jpg
111c Galerius Maximianus. AE follis 9.2gm25 viewsobv: CAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES laur. head r.
rev: GENIO POPV_L_I ROMANI Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: HTA
hill132
111d.jpg
111d Galerius Maximianus. AE follis 48 viewsobv: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES laur. head r.
rev: SACRA MONETA VCC ET CAESS NOSTR Moneta holding scales ad cornucopiae
ex:*-A/SIS
hill132
cyzicus26.jpg
112 Constantine II 17 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: .SMKr.
hill132
cyzicus26~0.jpg
112 Constantine II12 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: .SMKr.
hill132
112.jpg
112 Constantius I. AE follis34 viewsobv: FL IL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES laur. head r.
rev: GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: KB
1 commentshill132
A-08_Rep_AR-Den_L_Pomponius-Cn_f__L_POMPONI_CNF_-Helm-head-Roma-r__L_LIC_CN_DOM_-biga-r__Crawford-282-4_Syd-522_Rome_118-BC_Q-001_1h_19,5mm_3,74g-s.jpg
112-109 B.C., L. Pomponius Cn. f., L. Licinius Crassus and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, Republic AR-Denarius Serratus, Crawford 282/4, Rome, Gallic warrior in biga right, -/-//L•LIC•CN•DOM•, #1209 views112-109 B.C., L. Pomponius Cn. f., L. Licinius Crassus and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, Republic AR-Denarius Serratus, Crawford 282/4, Rome, Gallic warrior in biga right, -/-//L•LIC•CN•DOM•, #1
avers:- L•POMPONI•CNF (NF ligate), Helmeted head of Roma right, X behind.
revers: - Gallic warrior (Bituitus?) driving galloping biga right, hurling spear and holding shield and carnyx, in ex. L•LIC•CN•DOM•,
exerg: -/-//L•LIC•CN•DOM•, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 3,74g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 118 B.C., ref: Crawford 282/4, Sydneham-522a, Pomponia 7a,
Q-001
quadrans
112-109_B_C_,_L_Pomponius_Cn_f_,_L_Licinius_Crassus,_Cn_Domitius_Ahenobarbus,_AR-Den,_L_POMPONI_CNF,_X,_L_LIC_CN_DOM_ROMA_Crwf-282-4,_Syd-522,_Rome_Q-001_2h_19-19,5mm_3,73g-s.jpg
112-109 B.C., L. Pomponius Cn. f., L. Licinius Crassus and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, Republic AR-Denarius Serratus, Crawford 282/4, Rome, Gallic warrior in biga right, -/-//L•LIC•CN•DOM•, #2110 views112-109 B.C., L. Pomponius Cn. f., L. Licinius Crassus and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, Republic AR-Denarius Serratus, Crawford 282/4, Rome, Gallic warrior in biga right, -/-//L•LIC•CN•DOM•, #2
avers:- L•POMPONI•CNF (NF ligate), Helmeted head of Roma right, X behind.
revers: - Gallic warrior (Bituitus?) driving galloping biga right, hurling spear and holding shield and carnyx, in ex. L•LIC•CN•DOM•,
exerg: -/-//L•LIC•CN•DOM•, diameter: 19,0-19,5mm, weight: 3,73g, axis: 2h,
mint: Rome, date: 118 B.C., ref: Crawford 282/4, Sydneham-522a, Pomponia 7a,
Q-002
quadrans
112b.jpg
112b Constantius I. AE follis18 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTATIVS NOB CAES laur. head r.
rev: GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: KB
hill132
112c.jpg
112c Constantius I. AE follis17 viewsobv: CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r
rev: GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: S-F//PTR
hill132
cyzicus28.jpg
114 Constantius II12 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with to turrents star above
ex: SMKr.
hill132
Numerianus_AE-Ant_M-AVR-NVMERIANVS-NOB-C_PRINCIPI-IVVENTVT_KAS_RIC-V-II-363_p-188_Rome_2nd-off_282-AD_Q-001_1h_21,5mm_4,06g-s.jpg
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 363, Rome, -/-//KAS, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Numerian standing left,154 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 363, Rome, -/-//KAS, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Numerian standing left,
avers:- M-AVR-NVMERIANVS-NOB-C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PRINCIPI-IVVENTVT, Numerian standing left, holding Globe and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//KAS, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 4,06g, axes: 1h,
mint: Rome, 2nd. officinae, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 363, p-188,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_V-II_366A_Numerianus,_Ticinum,_AE-Ant,_M_AVR_NVMERIANVS_NOB_C,_PRINCIPI_IVVE_NTVT,_VXXI,_2nd__em,_282_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_22,5-24mm,_3,96g-s.jpg
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 366A, Ticinum, -/-//VXXI, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Numerian standing left, #164 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 366A, Ticinum, -/-//VXXI, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Numerian standing left, #1
avers: M AVR NVMERIANVS NOB C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: PRINCIPI IVVE NTVT, Numerian standing left, holding wand and scepter.
exergue: -/-//VXXI, diameter: 22,5-24,0mm, weight: 3,96g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, 2nd. emission, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 366A,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Numerianus_AE-Ant_M-AVR-NVMERIANVS-NOB-C_VIRTVS-A-VG-G_Gamma_XXI_RIC-V-II-377(C)_p-_Siscia-2b-emiss-3rd-off_282-AD_Q-001_6h_21-22mm_4,23ga-s.jpg
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 377, Siscia, Γ//XXI, Bust-C, VIRTVS AVG G, Numerian and Carinus,143 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 377, Siscia, Γ//XXI, Bust-C, VIRTVS AVG G, Numerian and Carinus,
avers: M-AVR-NVMERIANVS-NOB-C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. (C)
revers: VIRTVS-A-VG-G, Numerian and Carinus holding Victory on Globe.
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 4,59g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd-bemiss_3rd. off, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 377C, p-,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_155C_Carinus_AE-Ant_M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES_PIETAS-AVG-G_KAZ_RIC-V-II-155c-p-157-7th-off_Rome_282-83-AD_Q-001_5h_21,5mm_3,62g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 155C, Rome, -/-//ZKA, PIETAS AVG G, Sacrificial implements, #176 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 155C, Rome, -/-//ZKA, PIETAS AVG G, Sacrificial implements, #1
avers:- M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PIETAS-AVG-G, Sacrificial implements.
exerg: -/-//ZKA, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 6,62g, axes:5 h,
mint: Rome, 7th officina, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 155C, p-157,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_158C_Carinus_AE-Ant_M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES_PRINCIP-I-IVV-ENTVT_EKA_RIC-V-II-158C_p-158-1st-emiss_Rome_282-AD_Q-001_11h_20-21mm_3,08g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158C, Rome, -/-//EKA, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left, #184 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158C, Rome, -/-//EKA, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left, #1
avers: M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers: PRINCIP I IVV ENTVT, Prince standing left holding ensign and scepter.
exerg: -/-//EKA, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,08g, axes:11h,
mint: Rome, 2nd. emiss, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 158C, p-158,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_158C_Carinus,_AE-Ant,_M_AVR_CARINVS_NOB_CAES,_PRINCI_PI_IV_VENTVT,_EKA,_p-158-2nd_-emiss_Rome_282-AD_Q-002_6h_21,5-22,5mm_3,52ga-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158C, Rome, -/-//EKA, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left, #297 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158C, Rome, -/-//EKA, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left, #2
avers: M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers: PRINCI PI IV VENTVT, Prince standing left holding ensign and scepter.
exerg: -/-//EKA, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,52g, axes:6h,
mint: Rome, 2nd. emiss, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 158C, p-158,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_V-II_197F_Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C-(F)_PRINCIP-I-IVVENT_T_XXI_RIC-V-II-197v_-p-162-2nd-emiss_Siscia_282-AD_Q-001_5h_20,5-22mm_3,49g-sx~0.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 197F, Siscia, -/T//XXI, PRINCIPI IVVENT, Carinus standing left, #1107 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 197F, Siscia, -/T//XXI, PRINCIPI IVVENT, Carinus standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers: PRINCIP-I-IVVENT, Carinus standing left with Baton and Spear. "T" in the right field.
exerg: -/T//XXI, diameter: 20,5-22mm, weight: 3,49g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd.em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-197F, p-162,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_206F_Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP_C_M_AVR_CARINVS_NOB_C_(F),_VIRTVS_AVG_G,_Gamma_XXI,_1th_em_Antioch_282-AD_Q-001_7h_20,5-23,0mm_3,42g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Antioch, Γ//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1104 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Antioch, Γ//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR CARINVS NOB C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers:- VIRT VS A VG G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). Γ in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 20,5-23,0mm, weight: 3,42g, axes: 7h,
mint: Antioch, em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 206F, p-164,
Q-001
quadrans
Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C-(F)_VIRTVS-AVG-G_B_XXI_RIC-V-II-206-p-164-9th-off_Siscia,_282-83-AD_Q-001_5h_22mm_3,58ga-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #173 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers:- VIRT-VS-A-VG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). B in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,58g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-206F, p-164,
Q-001
quadrans
Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C-(F)_VIRTVS-AVG-G_B_XXI_RIC-V-II-206-p-164-9th-off_Siscia_282-83-AD_Q-002_0h_21mm_3,24gx-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #266 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #2
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers:- VIRT-VS-A-VG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). B in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,24g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-206F, p-164,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_V-II_314F_Carinus_AE-Ant_M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES_VIRTVS-AVG-G_A_XXI_RIC-V--p-RIC-T--rd-off-iss-_Siscia_271-AD__Q-001_-h_23-24mm_4,21ga-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, A//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor, and Jupiter, #167 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, A//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F)
reverse: VIRTVS AVG G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). A lower in the center, XXI in ex.
exergue: A//XXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 5th. em., date: 285 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 314F,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_---C_Carinus_AE-Ant_M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES_PROVIDENTIA-AVG_II_XXI_RIC-V--p-RIC-T--rd-off-iss-_Siscia_271-AD_Q-001_h_23-24mm_4,21g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in RIC, Siscia, -/II//XXI, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left,66 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in RIC, Siscia, -/II//XXI, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left,
avers: M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers: PROVIDENTIA-AVG, -/II/XXI, Providentia standing left, holding globe, and sceptre (tranverse), II in right field.
exerg: -/II//XXI, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 4,21g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 1st issue, 2nd officina, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II Not in RIC, ,
Q-001
quadrans
cyzicus29.jpg
115 Constantine II12 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS VN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKB.
hill132
115.jpg
115 Severus II. AE follis 10.9gm22 viewsobv: FL VAL SEVERVS NOB CAES laur. head r.
rev: PERPET_VITES AVGG roma seated l. on shield holding victory on globe and scepter
ex: -VI//SISr
1 commentshill132
cyzicus31.jpg
117 Constantine II16 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMK(delta).
hill132
A-02_Rep_AR-Den-Ser_C_Publicius-Malleolus-C_f__C-MALLE-C-F-X-behind_L-LIC-CN-DOM_ROMA_Crawford-282-3_Syd-524_Rome_118-BC_R1_Q-001_11h_19-20mm_3,79g-s.jpg
118 B.C., C. Poblicius Malleolus, L. Licinius and Cn. Domitius, Republic AR-Denarius Seratus, Crawford 282/3, Rome, Bearded warrior in biga right, L·LIC·CN·DOM., #2154 views118 B.C., C. Poblicius Malleolus, L. Licinius and Cn. Domitius, Republic AR-Denarius Seratus, Crawford 282/3, Rome, Bearded warrior in biga right, L·LIC·CN·DOM., #2
(L. Licinius Crassus, Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus and associates, Narbo118)
avers:- C·MA –L – LE – C ·F Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, X.
revers: - Bearded warrior (Bituitus?) fast biga right, holding shield, carnyx and reins and hurling spear; in exergue, L·LIC·CN·DOM.
exerg: -/-//L·LIC·CN·DOM., diameter: 19,0-20,0mm, weight: 3,79g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 118 B.C., ref: Crawford 282/3, Sydneham-524, Aurelia
Q-002
2 commentsquadrans
A-02_Rep_AR-Den-Ser_C_Publicius-Malleolus-C_f__C-MALLE-C-F-X-behind_L-LIC-CN-DOM_ROMA_Crawford-282-3_Syd-524_Rome_118-BC_R1_Q-001_1h_18-19mm_3,35g-s.jpg
118 B.C., C. Poblicius Malleolus, L. Licinius and Cn. Domitius, Republic AR-Denarius Seratus, Crawford 282/3, Rome, Bearded warrior in biga right, L·LIC·CN·DOM., (L. Licinius Crassus, Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus and associates, Narbo118)194 views118 B.C., C. Poblicius Malleolus, L. Licinius and Cn. Domitius, Republic AR-Denarius Seratus, Crawford 282/3, Rome, Bearded warrior in biga right, L·LIC·CN·DOM.,
(L. Licinius Crassus, Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus and associates, Narbo118)
avers:- C·MA –L – LE – C ·F Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, X.
revers: - Bearded warrior (Bituitus?) fast biga right, holding shield, carnyx and reins and hurling spear; in exergue, L·LIC·CN·DOM.
exerg: -/-//L·LIC·CN·DOM., diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,35g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 118 B.C., ref: Crawford 282/3, Sydneham-524,
Q-001
quadrans
Filius.jpg
119 BC M. Furius L. f. Philus79 viewsM FOVRI L F
Laur. head of Janus

ROMA to right PHILI in ex (PHI in monogram)
Roma standing left crowning trophy with carnyx and shield on each side, star above Roma

Rome 119 BC

3.89g

Crawford 281/1; Sydenham 529; BMC 555

Commemorates the victories over the Allobroges and the Arverni in Gaul in 121 BC by CN Domitius Ahenobarbus and Q. Fabius Maximus only a few years earlier


Ex-Baranowsky Roma
4 commentsJay GT4
IMG_3224~0.jpg
119. Valerian II (256-258 A.D.)12 viewsAv.: P C L VALERIANVS NOB CAES
Rv.: PIETAS AVGG

AR Antoninian Ø22 / 2.5g
RIC 20 Rome / Göbl 248 k
Juancho
12-Constantius-I-Lon-RIC-14a.jpg
12. Constantius I.32 viewsFollis, ca 298-300 AD, London mint (group II).
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB C / Laureate and curiassed bust of Constantius I.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Mint mark: (none)
9.71gm., 27 mm.
RIC # 14a; Sear #14034 (this coin !).

Although RIC lists these last four coins (Diocletian, Maximian, Galerius, and Constantius I) with other coins minted in London, a careful reading of the introduction to the mint of London (vol. VI, p. 113-122) shows the editors of RIC had serious reservations about this attribution.

The unmarked folles -- ie without a mint mark in the exergue -- can be divided into three groups. After many years of careful study, group I has been attributed to Lugdunum (Lyon, France), and groups II and III to Britain.

Of group II, RIC says (p. 115), " It is possible that the unmarked II coins were produced in Britain either from a travelling mint, or even from the "C" (Camulodunum?) mint of Carausius and Allectus, with which there are perhaps some stylistic affinities: the period of issue would fall from c. 298 onwards, perhaps until c. 300 or later."

Of group III, RIC says (p. 115), " The unmarked III coins are in everyway more sophisticated in style, and it may well be that they were produced at London, though lack of signature would be difficult to account for: probably it is best to class them as a British series which, for reasons unknown to us, was struck elsewhere. Their date is between 300 and 305."
Callimachus
2860424.jpg
12. Heraclius with Heraclius Constantine18 viewsHeraclius, with Heraclius Constantine

AV Solidus (19mm, 4.51 g, 7h). Constantinople mint, 5th officina. Struck 616-circa 625.

O: Crowned facing busts of Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine; cross above

R: Cross potent set on three steps; Є//CONOB.


DOC 13d; MIB 11; SB 738. VF.

Ex CNG
1 commentsSosius
image~4.jpg
12. Heraclius with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas41 viewsHeraclius, with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas. 610-641.
AV Solidus (18mm, 4.34 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 6th officina.
Dated IY 11 (AD 637/8).
Crowned figures of Heraclonas, Heraclius, and Heraclius Constantine standing facing, each holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set on three steps; monogram to left, IA monogram (date) to right; ς//CONOB.
DOC 39e; MIB 45; SB 764. EF, areas of weak strike.
Ex-CNG
1 commentsSosius
cyzicus34.jpg
120 Constantine II12 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp.cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMK(delta)
hill132
Constantius-I_AE-Quarter-Follis_FL-VAL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-CAES_4a-A_GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI_XX_B_I_ALE_RIC-VI-33a_p-665_Alexandria_301-AD_C2_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VI 033a, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #170 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VI 033a, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO POPV LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo:XX/B/I// ALE, diameter: 25,5-28,2mm, weight: 9,11g, axis: 11h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 301 A.D., ref: RIC VI 033a, p-665, C2,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES_SACR-MONET-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NOSTR_III_AQGamma_RIC_VI_36a_p-316_Aquilea_302-303_AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 036a, AE-1 Follis, SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #164 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 036a, AE-1 Follis, SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1
avers:- CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exerg: -/VI//AQΓ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Aquilea, date:302-303 A.D., ref: RIC VI 036a, p-316,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES_FELIX_ADVENT_AVGG_NN__H_left,_PKT_RIC_VI_24a_Carthage__298_A_D__Q-001_0h_25-28,5mm_10,38ga-s~0.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 024a, AE-1 Follis, FELIX ADVENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, #1152 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 024a, AE-1 Follis, FELIX ADVENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, #1
avers:- CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- FELIX AD VENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, head left, wearing elephant head headress, standard in right and tusk in left, lion and bull at feet left, H left, PKT in ex.
exerg: H|-//PKT, diameter: 25,0-28,5mm, weight: 10,38g, axes: 0h,
mint: Carthage, date: 298 A.D., ref: RIC VI 024a,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS-NOB-CAES_SALVIS-AVGG-ET-CAESS-FEL-KART_Gamma_RIC_VI_Carthage_32a_298-299-AD_Q-001_11h_28,5-29,5mm_10,17g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 032a, AE-1 Follis, SALVIS AVG G ET CAES S FEL KART, Carthago standing facing, #183 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 032a, AE-1 Follis, SALVIS AVG G ET CAES S FEL KART, Carthago standing facing, #1
avers: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right. Larger portarit-head.
revers: SALVIS AVG G ET CAES S FEL KART, Carthago standing facing, head left, in long robe, holding fruits in both hands.
exerg: -/-//Γ, diameter: 28,5-29,5mm, weight: 10,17g, axes:11h,
mint: Carthage, date: 298-299 A.D., ref: RIC VI 032a,
Q-001
quadrans
121_Constantius_I__Heraclea_RIC_VI_015,_AE-Follis,_FL_VAL_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES,_CONCORDIA_MILITVM,_HB,_p-531,_295-6_AD_Q-001_0h_20,5-22,5mm_3,68g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VI 015, AE-Radiate Fraction, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Constantius and Jupiter #187 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VI 015, AE-Radiate Fraction, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Constantius and Jupiter #1
avers:- FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MILI TVM, Constantius standing facing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing opposite and holding sceptre, H B in lower centre.
exerg: HB//--, diameter: 20,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,68g, axes: 0h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 298 A.D., ref: RIC VI 015, p-351,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-Q-001-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VI 087a, AE-Radiate Fraction, VOT/•/XX/ Γ in wreath, #1289 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VI 087a, AE-Radiate Fraction, VOT/•/XX/ Γ in wreath, #1
avers:- FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VOT/•/XX/ Γ in three lines within wreath.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, date: 298 A.D., ref: RIC VI 087a, p-359,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS-NOB-CAES_GENIO-POP-VLI-ROMANI_Gamma_SIS_RIC_VI_109a_p-467_Siscia_299-AD_Q-001_11h_28-29mm_9,26g-s~0.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 109a, -/Γ//SIS, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1126 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 109a, -/Γ//SIS, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO POP VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo: -/Γ//SIS, diameter: 28,0-29,0mm, weight: 9,26g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: 299 A.D., ref: RIC VI 109a, p-467,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES_SACR-MONET-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NOSTR_Star-Gamma_SIS_RIC_VI_135a_p-469_Siscia_301_AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 135a, AE-1 Follis, SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #172 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 135a, AE-1 Follis, SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1
avers:- CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exerg: */Γ//SIS, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, date:301 A.D., ref: RIC VI 135a, p-469,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES_SACRAMONET-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NOSTR_PTdot_RIC_VI_46a_p-286_Ticinum_300-303_AD_Q-001_axis-11h_25,5-26,5mm_8,60g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI 046a, AE-1 Follis, SACRAMONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1270 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI 046a, AE-1 Follis, SACRAMONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1
avers:- CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- SACRAMONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exerg: -/-//PT•, diameter: 25,5-26,5mm, weight: 8,60g, axes: 11h,
mint: Ticinum, date:300-303 A.D., ref: RIC VI 046a,,
Q-001
quadrans
cyzicus35.jpg
121 Constantius II11 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKr
hill132
cyzicus36.jpg
122 Constantine II 14 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKA.
hill132
Galerius_AE-Silvered-Follis_MAXIMIANVS-NOB-CAES_GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI_AQ-__RIC-VI-24b-p-314_3rd-off__C-_Aquilea-296-AD__Q-001_axis-6h_27mm_10,41g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 024b, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1316 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 024b, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- MAXIMIANVS-NOB-CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo: AQ Γ, diameter: 27mm, weight: 10,41g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 3rd.off., date: 296 A.D., ref: RICVI-24b, p-314,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Galerius_AE-Follis_GAL-MAXIMIANVS-NOB-CAESS_GENIO-AVGG-ET-CAESARVM-NN_KA_RIC-VI-11b_p-580_297-9-AD-Cyzicus_Q-001_6h_27,5mm_9,82g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VI 011b, AE-Follis, GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN, Genius standing left, #1291 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VI 011b, AE-Follis, GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG, Laureate head right (large head type).
revers:- GENIO-AVGG-ET-CAESARVM-NN, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder (falls low), holding patera from which liquid flows and cornucopiae.
exergo: -/-//KA, diameter: 27,5mm, weight: 9,82g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 297-299 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-11b,
Q-001
quadrans
Galerius_AE-Follis_GAL-MAXIMIANVS-NOB-CAESS_GENIO-AVGG-ET-CAESARVM-NN_KA_RIC-VI-11b_p-580_297-9-AD-Cyzicus_Q-002_0h_27,4-27,8mm_10,54g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VI 011b, AE-Follis, GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN, Genius standing left, #2138 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VI 011b, AE-Follis, GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN, Genius standing left, #2
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG, Laureate head right (large head type).
revers:- GENIO-AVGG-ET-CAESARVM-NN, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder (falls low), holding patera from which liquid flows and cornucopiae.
exergo: -/-//KA, diameter: 27,4-27,9mm, weight: 10,54g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 297-299 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-11b,
Q-002
quadrans
Galerius_AE-Follis_GAL-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-NOB-C_GENIO-POP-VLI-ROMANI_S-A_RIC-VI-81b_Siscia-310-311-AD__Q-001_1h_28-29mm_9,74g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 081bvar., S/A//--, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1148 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 081bvar., S/A//--, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- GAL-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-NOB-C, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-POP-VLI-ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae. S-A across fields. No mintmark. .
exergo: S/A//--, diameter: 28-29mm, weight: 9,74g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 294 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-81b var (unlisted reverse break)
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
GI 125a img.jpg
125 - Aurelian, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Vabalathus, Milne 430827 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– AYT K Λ Δ AYRHΛIANOC CEB, Laureate and draped bust of Aurelian right
Rev– I A C OYABAΛΛAΘOC AΘHN Y A [C R or VT S RW], Laureate, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Vabalathus right
Minted in Alexandria, Alexandria Year 1 of Aurelian (L | A), Year 4 of Vabalathus and Zenobia (L | Δ), 270 AD
Reference:– Geissen 3054; Dattari 5422; BMC 2386; Milne 4308
maridvnvm
126a.jpg
126a Crispus. AE follis 4.5gm20 viewsobv: IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES laur. bust r.
rev: CAESARVM NOSTRORVM laur. wreath inclosing VOT/X
ex: STR(crescent)
hill132
126b.jpg
126b Crispus. AE follis 2.4gm12 viewsobv: CRISPVS NOB CAES laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: DOMINOR.NOSTROR.CAESS laur. wreath inclosing VOT/./X
EX: (crescent)//QT
hill132
126c.jpg
126c Crispus. AE follis 3.6gm19 viewsobv: IVL CRIS_PVS NOB C laur. head r.
rev: CAESARVM NOSTORVM laur. wreath inclosing VOT/./V
ex: rSIS*
hill132
126d.jpg
126d Crispus. AE follis 3.3gm22 viewsobv: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB C rad. cuir. bust r.
rev: VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP two victories holding shield inscribed VOT/PR
ex: C//PT
hill132
126e.jpg
126e Crispus. AE follis 2.7gm24 viewsobv: CRISPVS NOB CAES hi-crested helm. cuir. bust r.
rev: VIRTVS EXCERCIT standard inscribed VOT/XX with captives on eather side
ex: STR
hill132
126f.jpg
126f Crispus. AE follis 3.3gm24 viewsobv: CRISPVS NOB CAES laur. head r.
rev: CAESARVM NOSTROVM laur. wreath inclosing VOT/./V
EX: T(crescent)A
hill132
126g.jpg
126g Crispus. AE follis 3.0g24 viewsobv: CRISPVS NOB CAES laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: CAESARVM NOSTORVM laur. wreath inclosing VOT/./V
EX: .AQS.
hill132
126h.jpg
126h Crispus. AE follis 3.2gm17 viewsobv: IVL CRIS_PVS NOB C laur. head r.
rev: CAESARVM NOSTROVM laur. wreath inclosing VOT/./V
ex: ASIS*
hill132
Severus-II_AE-Follis_SEVERVS-NOB-CAES_VIRTVS-AVG-G-ET-CAES-S-N-N_AQ-Gamma_RIC-VI-67a-p-320_Aquilea_305-306-AD_R_Q-001_0h_26-27,5mm_9,01g-s.jpg
127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC-VI 067a, AE-1, VIRTVS AVG G ET CAES S N N, -/-//AQ-Γ, Mars striding right, holding spear and trophy, #189 views127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC-VI 067a, AE-1, VIRTVS AVG G ET CAES S N N, -/-//AQ-Γ, Mars striding right, holding spear and trophy, #1
avers:- SEVERVS-NOB-CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- VIRTVS-AVG-G-ET-CAES-S-N-N, Mars striding right, holding spear and trophy.
exerg: -/-//AQ-Γ, diameter: 26-27,5 mm, weight: 9,01g, axes: 0h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 305-306 A.D., ref: RIC VI 67a, p-320,
Q-001
quadrans
Severus-II_AE-Follis_SEVERVS-NOB-CAES_VIRTVS-AVG-G-ET-CAES-S-N-N_AQGamma_RIC-VI-68a-p-320_Aquilea_305-306-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-0h_28,5-29mm_10,79g-s.jpg
127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC-VI 068a, AE-1, VIRTVS AVG G ET CAES S N N, -/-//AQΓ, Severus II on horseback galloping right, Scarce!, #1140 views127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC-VI 068a, AE-1, VIRTVS AVG G ET CAES S N N, -/-//AQΓ, Severus II on horseback galloping right, Scarce!, #1
avers:- SEVERVS-NOB-CAES, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield.
revers:- VIRTVS-AVG-G-ET-CAES-S-N-N, Severus II on horseback galloping right, spear raised, spearing kneeling foe before horse, another foe prostrate on ground beneath horse.
exerg: -/-//AQΓ, diameter: 28,5-29mm, weight: 10,79g, axes: 0h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 305-306 A.D., ref: RIC VI 68a, p-320, Scarce!
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Severus-II_AE-Follis_IMP-C-SEVERVS-P-F-AVG_CAES_FIDES-MILITVM-AVG-G-ET-CAESS-N-N_AQS_RIC-VI-77b-p-322_Aquilea_306-307-AD_Rare_Q-001_axis-0h_26,5-27,5mm_8,58g-s.jpg
127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC-VI 077b, AE-1, FIDES MILITVM AVG G ET CAES S N N, -/-//AQS, Fides standing left, #1106 views127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC-VI 077b, AE-1, FIDES MILITVM AVG G ET CAES S N N, -/-//AQS, Fides standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERVS-NOB-CAES, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear (or sceptre) over shoulder and shield.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM-AVG-G-ET-CAES-S-N-N, Fides standing left, holding a standard in each hand.
exerg: -/-//AQS, diameter: 26,5-27,5mm, weight: 8,58g, axes: 0h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 306-307 A.D., ref: RIC VI 77b, p-322,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Severus-II_AE-Follis_FL-VAL-SEVERVS-NOB-CAES_GENIO-AVG-G-ET-CAESARVM-N-N_KA_RIC-VI-20a-p-582_Cyzicus_305-306-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_26,5-27,5mm_7,46g-s.jpg
127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC-VI 020a, AE-1, GENIO AVG G ET CAESARVM N N, -/-//KA, Genius standing left, #1312 views127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC-VI 020a, AE-1, GENIO AVG G ET CAESARVM N N, -/-//KA, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- FL-VAL-SEVERVS-NOB-CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-AVG-G-ET-CAESARVM-N-N, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exerg: -/-//KA, diameter: 26,5-27,5 mm, weight: 7,46g, axes: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 305-306 A.D., ref: RIC VI 20a, p-582,
Q-001
quadrans
Severus-II_AE-Follis_FL-VAL-SEVERVS-NOB-CAESAR_GENIO-POPV-L-IROMANI_A_dotSMdotSDdot_RIC-VI-13aA-p-495_Serdica_305-306-AD_Q-001_6h_26-27,5mm_9,68g-s.jpg
127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Serdica, RIC-VI 013aA, AE-1, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, -/A//•SM•SD•, Genius standing left, #174 views127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Serdica, RIC-VI 013aA, AE-1, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, -/A//•SM•SD•, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- FL-VAL-SEVERVS-NOB-CAESAR, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-POPV-L-I-ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exerg: -/A//•SM•SD•, diameter:26-27,5mm, weight: 9,68g, axes: 6h,
mint: Serdica, date: 305-306A.D., ref: RIC VI-13aA, p-495, Sear 14633,
Q-001
quadrans
Severus-II_AE-Quarter-Follis_SEVERVS-NOB-C_GENIO-POP-VLI-ROMANI_SIS_RIC-VI--p--2a-A-R2-_Siscia_305-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_17,5-18mm_2,39g-s.jpg
127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC-VI 171a, AE-Quarter-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, -/-//SIS, Genius standing left, R!!, #1130 views127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC-VI 171a, AE-Quarter-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, -/-//SIS, Genius standing left, R!!, #1
avers:- SEVERVS-NOB-C, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-POP-VLI-ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo: -/-//SIS, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 2,39g, axis: 6 h,
mint: Siscia, date: A.D., ref: RIC-VI-171a, p-475, Rare,
Q-001
quadrans
1305_-1306_Edward_I_LONDON_PENNY.JPG
1272 - 1307, EDWARD I, AR Penny, Struck 1305 - 1306 at London, England14 viewsObverse: + EDWAR ANGL DNS HYB. Crowned bust of Edward I facing within circle of pellets. Cross pattée in legend.
Reverse: CIVITAS LONDON. Long cross dividing legend into quarters, trefoil in each quarter of inner circle.
Undated Penny, type 10cf1
Diameter: 18.5mm | Weight: 1.2gms | Die Axis: 9
SPINK: 1410

Edward I began a major recoinage in 1279 which consisted not only of pennies and new round half-pennies and farthings, but also introduced a new denomination, a fourpenny piece called the "Groat".

Edward I was King of England from 1272 – 1307. He was the eldest surviving son of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence. The contests between his father and the barons led by Simon de Montfort called Edward early into active life when he restored the royal authority within months by defeating and killing de Montfort at the battle of Evesham in 1265. He then proceeded to Palestine, where no conquest of any importance was achieved. After further campaigns in Italy and France he returned to England on his father's death and was crowned at Westminster Abbey in 1274.
Edward was popular because he identified himself with the growing tide of nationalism sweeping the country, displayed later in his persecution and banishment of the Jews which was the culmination of many years of anti-semitism in England.
Edward now turned his attention to the mountainous land to the west which had never been completely subdued. So, following a revolt in the Principality of Wales against English influence, Edward commenced a war which ended in the annexation of the Principality to the English Crown in 1283. He secured his conquest by building nine castles to watch over it and created his eldest son, Edward the Prince of Wales in 1301.
Edward's great ambition, however, was to gain possession of Scotland, but the death of Margaret, the Maid of Norway, who was to have been married to Edward's son, for a time frustrated the king's designs. However the sudden death of the King of Scotland, Alexander III, and the contested succession soon gave him the opportunity to intervene. He was invited by the Scots to arbitrate and choose between the thirteen competitors for the Scottish throne. Edward's choice, John Balliol, who he conceived as his puppet, was persuaded to do homage for his crown to Edward at Newcastle but was then forced to throw off Edward's overlordship by the indignation of the Scottish people. An alliance between the French and the Scots now followed, and Edward, then at war with the French king over possession of Gascony, was compelled to march his army north. Edward invaded Scotland in 1296 and devastated the country, which earned him the sobriquet 'Hammer of the Scots'. It was at this time that the symbolic Stone of Destiny was removed from Scone. Edward's influence had tainted Balliol's reign and the Scottish nobility deposed him and appointed a council of twelve to rule instead. Balliol abdicated and was eventually sent to France where he retired into obscurity, taking no more part in politics. Scotland was then left without a monarch until the accession of Robert the Bruce in 1306.
Meanwhile Edward assumed the administration of the country. However the following summer a new opposition to Edward took place under William Wallace whose successes, notably at Stirling Bridge, forced Edward to return to Scotland with an army of 100,000 men. Although he defeated Wallace's army at Falkirk, and Wallace himself was betrayed, Edward's unjust and barbaric execution of him as a traitor in London made Wallace a national hero in Scotland, and resistance to England became paramount among the people. All Edward's efforts to reduce the country to obedience were unravelling, and after the crowning of Robert Bruce, Earl of Carrick, as Robert I of Scotland in 1306 an enraged Edward assembled another army and marched yet again against the Scots. However, Edward only reached Burgh-on-Sands, a village near Carlisle, when he died. His body was taken back to London and he was buried at Westminster Abbey.
Edward I was married twice: to Eleanor of Castile, by whom he had sixteen children, and Margaret of France by whom he had three. Twelve memorials to his first wife stood between Nottingham and London to mark the journey taken by her funeral cortege. Three of those memorials, known as “Eleanor Crosses”, can still be seen today at Geddington, Hardingstone near Northampton and Waltham Cross. London's Charing Cross is also named after one, but the original was demolished in 1647 and the monument seen there today is a Victorian replica.
1 comments*Alex
127a.jpg
127a Delmatius. AE3/4 1.6gm17 viewsobv: FL IVL DELMATIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, one standard
ex: SMK(delta)
hill132
127b.jpg
127b Delmatius. AE 3/4 1.4gm17 viewsobv: FL DELMATIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, one standard
ex: BSIS
hill132
Maximinus-II_AE-Quarter-Follis_GAL-VAL-MAXIMINVS-NOB-C_GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI_SIS_RIC-VI-170b-p475-4b-A-R_Siscia_305-6_AD_Q-001_axis-0h_19mm_2,34g-s.jpg
128 Maximinus II. "Daia" (305-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 310-313 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 170b, AE-Quarter-Follis, -/-//SIS, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, R!,131 views128 Maximinus II. "Daia" (305-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 310-313 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 170b, AE-Quarter-Follis, -/-//SIS, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, R!,
avers:- GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB C, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO POPV LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo: -/-//SIS, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,47g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 305-06 A.D., ref: RIC VI 170b, p-475, R!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Maximinus-II_AE-Follis_GA-VAL-MAXIMINVS-NOB-C_PERPETV-ITASAVGG_VI_SIS-A_RIC-VI-184b-Not-in-This-off-A_p-476_Siscia_305-07-AD_Q-001_0h_27,5mm_9,25ga-s.jpg
128 Maximinus II. "Daia" (305-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 310-313 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 184b, AE-1, -/VI//SISA, PERPETVITAS AVG G, Roma, helmeted, seated left on shield, Not in RIC this Officina, Rare !!!101 views128 Maximinus II. "Daia" (305-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 310-313 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 184b, AE-1, -/VI//SISA, PERPETVITAS AVG G, Roma, helmeted, seated left on shield, Not in RIC this Officina, Rare !!!
avers:- GA VAL MAXIMINVS NOB C, Laureate head right.
revers:- PERPETV ITAS AVG G, Roma, helmeted, seated left on shield, right hand holding Victory on globe, left leaning on spear or sceptre.
exergo: -/VI//SISA, diameter: 27,5mm, weight: 9,25g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 305-307 A.D., ref: RIC VI 184b, p-476,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
129a.jpg
129a Constantine II. AE 3/4 1.9gm13 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMANS
hill132
129b.jpg
129b Constantine II. AE 313 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. head r.
rev: CAESARM NOSTROVM laur. wreath inclosing VOT/./X
ex: ASIS(sun)
hill132
129c.jpg
129c Constantine II. AE 3 3.8gm11 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS NN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: DOMINOR.OSTROM.CAESS laur. wreath inclosing VOT/V/*
ex: SMHD
hill132
129d.jpg
129d Constantine II. AE 322 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS NN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: DOMINORVM NOCTRORVM CAESS laur. wreath inclosing VOT/./V
ex: PT
1 commentshill132
129e.jpg
129e Constantine I. AE 3/4 2.9gm23 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMALB
hill132
129f.jpg
129f Constantine II. AE 3/4 15 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMALA
hill132
129h.jpg
129h Constantine II. AE 3/4 13 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMANS
hill132
IMG_3645.jpg
13 Constantius Gallus20 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right; A behind bust
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO bare-headed, reaching
Γ SIS ·S· / I left
Siscia 347

ex DS
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_3996.jpg
13 Constantius Gallus50 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right, A behind;
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing falling horseman,bare-headed, reaching
LXXII in left field, star delta SIS crescent in ex

RIC Siscia 335
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
014~1.JPG
13 Julian II112 viewsJulian II. AE3 355-360 AD. DN IVLIANVS NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman who is wearing Phrygian helmet, reaching backwards, M in left field. Mintmark Delta SIS Zigzag. Siscia RIC VIII 370 Scarce1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2757.JPG
13 Julian II 75 viewsJulian II . D N IVLIA-NVS NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching backwards, M in left field, mintmark Delta SISL.
Siscia
RIC VIII 382
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
LarryW1852.jpg
130 Theodosius II, AD 402-450104 viewsGold solidus, 20.8mm, 4.48g, FDC
Struck AD 408-419 at Constantinople
D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVC, helmeted and cuirassed facing bust holding spear and shield decorated with horseman / CONCORDI-A AVCC Θ, Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, foot on prow, holding sceptre and Victory on globe, star left, CONOB in exergue
Ex: Forum Ancient Coins
RIC X, 202
1 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
Constantius1_silvered_follis.jpg
1304a, Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.48 viewsSilvered follis, RIC 20a, S 3671, VM 25, gVF, Heraclea mint, 10.144g, 27.7mm, 180o, 297 - 298 A.D. Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; Reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over shoulder, cornucopia in left, pouring liquor from patera, HTD in exergue; some silvering, nice portrait, well centered.



De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Constantius I Chlorus (305-306 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Constantius' Early Life and Marriage

Born March 31st, Emperor Flavius Valerius Constantius may have come into the world ca. 250. His family was from Illyricum. In the army he served as a protector, tribunus, and a praeses Dalmatiarum. During the 270s or the 280s, he became the father of Constantine by Helena, his first spouse. By 288 he was the Praetorian Prefect of the western emperor Maximianus Herculius.

Constantius' Reign as Caesar

On 1 March 293 Diocletian appointed Galerius as his Caesar (junior emperor) in the east and Constantius as the Caesar of Maximianus Herculius. Caesar in the west. Both Caesars had the right of succession. In order to strengthen the dynastic relationship between himself and Herculius., Constantius put aside his wife Helena and married Theodora, the daughter, or perhaps stepdaughter, of Maximianus Herculius.. The union was fruitful and of it there were six issue: Flavius Dalmatius, Julius Constantius, Hannibalianus, Constantia, Anastasia, and Eutropia. To strengthen his bond with Galerius and Diocletian in the east, Constantius allowed Galerius to keep his son Constantine as a hostage for his good behavior.

In the remainder of the time that he was a Caesar, Constantius spent much of his time engaged in military actions in the west. In the summer of 293 Constantius expelled the troops of the usurper Carausius from northern Gaul; after Constantius' attack on Bononia (Boulogne), Carausius was murdered. At the same time he dealt with the unrest of the Germans. In 296 he invaded Britain and put down the revolt of the usurper Allectus. Between 300 and 305 A.D. the Caesar campaigned successfully several times with various German tribes. It is worth noting in passing, that while his colleagues rigidly enforced the "Great Persecution in 303," Constantius limited his action to knocking down a few churches.

Constantius as Augustus and His Untimely Death

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedia, and Maximianus Herculius, at Mediolanum (Milan), divested themselves of the purple, probably because of the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian forced Maximianus to abdicate. They appointed as their successors Constantius and Galerius, with Severus and Maximinus Daia as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Constantius, as had his predecessor, ruled in the west, while Galerius and Daia ruled in the east. Almost as soon as he was appointed Augustus, he crossed to Britain to face incursions by the Picts where he died at York on 25 July 306 with his son (Constantine I, known to history as “The Great”) at his side.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Edward_II_AR_Penny_Bury_St_Edmunds.JPG
1307 - 1327, EDWARD II, AR Penny, Struck 1307 at Bury St. Edmunds, England4 viewsObverse: + EDWAR R ANGL DNS hYB. Crowned and draped bust of Edward II facing within circle of pellets. Cross pattee in legend.
Reverse: VILL SCI EDMVNDI. Long cross dividing legend into quarters, trefoil in each quarter of inner circle.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.37gms | Die Axis: 12
Rare mint
SPINK: 1465

Class 11c penny with angular backs to C and E's in legends.

Edward II was born on 25 April 1284, the fourth son of Edward I of England and when Edward I died in July 1307 Edward II became king because his three elder brothers were already dead. Edward II was the first English prince to hold the title prince of Wales, which was bestowed on him by his father in 1301.
Unfortunately Edward II had few of the qualities that made a successful medieval king. He surrounded himself with favourites, the best known being Piers Gaveston who he recalled from exile, Edward I having banished him to France due to his bad influence on his son. Furthermore, Edward II gave Gaveston the earldom of Cornwall, a title which had previously only been conferred on royalty.
Opposition to the king and his favourite began almost immediately, and in 1311 the nobles issued the 'Ordinances', in an attempt to limit royal control of finance and appointments. Gaveston was twice exiled at the demand of the barons, only for him to return to England shortly afterwards. However, in 1312, he was captured by the barons and executed.
In 1314, Edward invaded Scotland where he was decisively defeated by Robert the Bruce at Bannockburn. So bad was this for Edward's rule that by the following year parts of England had fallen into anarchy and power was in the hands of the barons headed by Edward's cousin Thomas of Lancaster, who had virtually made himself the real ruler of England.
By 1318, Edward and Lancaster had been partly reconciled, but the king now had two new favourites, Hugh le Despenser and his son. When Edward supported the two Despensers' ambitions in Wales the barons banished both father and son. This prompted Edward to fight back and he defeated Lancaster at Boroughbridge in March 1322, Lancaster was executed him and the Despensers were called back to Edward's court.
But now, Edward's wife, Isabella of France, emerged as a focus of opposition. In 1325, she was sent on a diplomatic mission to France where she met and became the mistress of Roger Mortimer, an exiled opponent of Edward. In September 1326, Isabella and Mortimer invaded England. There was virtually no resistance and the Despensers were captured and executed. Defeated, Edward was made to renounce the throne in favour of his son Edward who was crowned Edward III in January 1327.
Edward II was imprisoned at Berkeley Castle and later murdered there.
*Alex
130a.jpg
130a Constans. AE 3/4 1.6m23 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, one standard
ex: SMANH
1 commentshill132
131a.jpg
131a Constantius II. AE 3/4 2.4gm21 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, one standard
ex: SMANr or S
1 commentshill132
131d.jpg
131d Constantius II. AE 3 2.6gm23 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMANZ
hill132
131m.jpg
131m Constantius II. AE 3 2.1gm10 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: .rSIS.
hill132
131n.jpg
131n Constantius II. AE3 2.5gm12 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: .rSIS.
hill132
131o.jpg
131o Constanius II. AE3 16 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: .(delta)SIS.
hill132
131q.jpg
131q Constantius II. AE3 9 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMANZ
hill132
131r.jpg
131r Constantius II. AE3 13 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMANTH
hill132
131s.jpg
131s Constantius II. AE314 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: CONSS
hill132
132a.jpg
132a Constantius Gallus. AE18mm16 viewsobv: DN FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES bare headed drp. bust r.
rev: FEL TEMP RE_PARATIO soldier spearing falling horseman, shield on ground
ex: CONSA
hill132
132b.jpg
132b Constantius Gallus. AE18mm24 viewsobv: DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES bare headed drp. bust r.
rev: FEL TEMP RE_PARATIO soldier spearing falling horseman, shield on ground
ex: SMNS
1 commentshill132
Licinius-II__AE-3-Sivered_DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C_6J1l__IOVI-CONSER-VATORI_CAES-S_crescent-B_S-MAL_RIC25p7072nd_off_R2_Alexandria_317-320-AD__Q-001_axis-0h_19mm_2,75g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC VII 025, crescent/B//SMAL, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R2!!86 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC VII 025, crescent/B//SMAL, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R2!!
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI CONS ERVATORI CAESS, crescent in right field, Jupiter standing left, holding globe and scepter, B in right side.
exergo: crescent/B//SMAL, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,75g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-25, p-707, 2nd.off., R2!!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Licinius-II_AE-3-Follis_DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C_IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI-CAESS_-Gamma_SMANT-_RIC-29_C-xx_Antioch_317-320-AD__Q-001_17-19mm_2,55g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Antioch, RIC VII 029, -/Γ//SMANT, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R1!77 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Antioch, RIC VII 029, -/Γ//SMANT, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R1!
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI CONS ERVATORI CAES S, Γ in right field, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; captive to left.
exergo: -/Γ//SMANT, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 11h,
mint: Antioch, date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-29, p-680,3rd.off., R1!,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-II_AE-3-Follis__DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C-6-J1-l__IOVI-CONSER-VATORI-CAESS_koszoru-A-_SMK_RIC-VII-11-p644-1st-off_-r3_Cyzicus_317-20-AD__Q-001_axis-0h_18mm_2,72g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 011, wreath/A//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R3!!!73 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 011, wreath/A//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R3!!!
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, 6,J1 l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI CONSER VATORI CAES S, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; wreath in left and A in right in field.
exergo: wreath/A//SMK, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,72g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st. off., date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC VII 11, p-644, R3 !!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-II_AE-3-Follis_DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C-(6-J1-l_)_IOVI-CONSER-VATORI-CAESS_koszoru-B_SMK_RIC-VII-11-p644-2nd-off_-R3_Cyzicus_317-20-AD__Q-001_0h_18,5mm_2,62ga-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 011, wreath/B//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, Jupiter standing left, R3!!!86 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 011, wreath/B//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, Jupiter standing left, R3!!!
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, (6,J1 l.), Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI CONSER VATORI CAESS, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; wreath in left and B in right in field.
exergo: wreath/B//SMK, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 2,62g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 2nd. off., date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC VII 11, p-644, R3 !!!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Licinius-II_AE-3-Follis_DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C-6b-J1-l__PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAESS_MHT-_-_RIC-19-p545-4th_-off_-c2_Heracleia_317-AD__Q-001_axis-11h_19mm_2,81g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 019, AE-3 Follis, -/-//MHTΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Campgate with three turrets, C2! #1178 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 019, AE-3 Follis, -/-//MHTΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Campgate with three turrets, C2! #1
avers: D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, 6b, J1l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and sceptre on globe.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with three turrets, 6 layers of stone.
exergue: -/-//MHTΔ, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,81g, axis: 11h,
mint: Heraclea, 4th. off., date: 317 A.D., ref: RIC VII 019, p545, C2,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Licinius-II_AE-3-Follis_DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C_6-G5-l__IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI_X_IIMu_SMH-Gamma_RIC-VII-54-p-548-3rd_off__Heraclea_321-24-20-AD_Q-001_11h_20-21mm_3,48g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 054, -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,83 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 054, -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C (6,G5-l.), Helmeted bust left holding spear and shield.
revers:- IOVI CONS ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on a globe andscepter, eagle with wreath in beak to left and captive to right at foot, X/IIΓ (=12.5 denarii) to right,
exergo: -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,48g, axis:11h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 321-324 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-54, p-548,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-II__AE-Follis-Sivered_DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C-(6d,B4)_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAESS_palm-dot-A_SMN_RIC-VII-34-p-605_Nicomedia_317-320-AD_R2_Q-001_0h_18-19mm_3,03g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Nicomedia, RIC VII 034, palm/•/A//SMN, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Jupiter standing left, R2!!87 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Nicomedia, RIC VII 034, palm/•/A//SMN, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Jupiter standing left, R2!!
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, (6d, B4), Laureate, draped bust right.
revers:- PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; palm in left down and • over A in right in field.
exergo: palm/•/A//SMN, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,03g, axis: 0h,
mint: Nicomedia, 1st. off., date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-34, p-605, R2!!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Licinius-II__AE-Follis-Sivered_DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C-6d-B4_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAESS-palm-dot-B_SMN_RIC-34-p605-R1_Nicomedia_317-320-AD__Q-001_axis-6h_18-20mm_2,56ga-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Nicomedia, RIC VII 034, palm/•/B//SMN, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Jupiter standing left, R1!65 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Nicomedia, RIC VII 034, palm/•/B//SMN, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Jupiter standing left, R1!
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, 6d, B4, Laureate, draped bust right.
revers:- PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; palm in left down and • over B in right in field.
exergo: palm/•/B//SMN, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,56g, axis: 6h,
mint: Nicomedia, 2nd. off., date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-34, p605, R1!,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-II__AE-3-Sivered_LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-C_ROMAE-AETERNAE_P-R_RT_RIC-VII-154T_R3_Roma_318-319-AD_Q-001_6h_19-21mm_3,02g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Roma, RIC VII 154T, P/R//RT, AE-3 Follis, ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated right, R3!!98 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Roma, RIC VII 154T, P/R//RT, AE-3 Follis, ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated right, R3!!
avers: LICINIVS IVN NOB C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers: ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated right holding shield inscribed X/V, RP in ex.
exergo: P/R//RT, diameter: 19-21mm, weight: 3,02g, axis: 6h,
mint: Roma, date: 318-319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-154T, p-, 3rd.off., R3!!,
Q-001
quadrans
133_Licinius_II_,_Siscia_RIC_VII_098,_AE-3,_IMP_LICINIVS_IVN_NOB_C,_VICT_LAETAE_PRINC_PERP,_ASIS_star,__317-24_AD,R3_Q-001,_7h,_18,5-19mm,_2,92g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 098, -/-//ASIS*, AE-3 Follis, VICT LAETAE PRINC PERP, two Victories, VOT/PR, R3!!!105 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 098, -/-//ASIS*, AE-3 Follis, VICT LAETAE PRINC PERP, two Victories, VOT/PR, R3!!!
avers: LICINIVS IVN NOB C, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: VICT LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT/PR on altar decorated with a letter I.
exergue: -/-//ASIS*, diameter:18,5-19,0mm, weight:2,92g, axis:7h,
mint: Siscia, date: 317-324 A.D., ref: RIC VII 098, R3!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-II__AE-Follis-Sivered_LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-CAES-6-B4-l__VIRTVS-EXERCIT_S-F_VOT-X_Delta-SIS-star_RIC-114-p438-4th_-off_-R3_C-x_Siscia_320-AD__Q-001_19-20mm_2_34g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 114, S/F//ΔSIS*, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, S-F, VOT/X, R3!!!77 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 114, S/F//ΔSIS*, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, S-F, VOT/X, R3!!!
avers:- LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, 6a, B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, .
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F//ΔSIS*, diameter:19-20mm, weight:2,34g, axis:1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-114, p-438, R3!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-II_AE-Follis_LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-CAES-6-I1-l__VIRTVS-EXERCIT_S-F-HL_VOT-X_Delta-SIS-star-in-crescent_RIC-VII-132-p440-4th-off-R1_Siscia_320-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_19mm_2,22g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 132, S/F/HL//ΔSIS * in crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Two captives, Standard, S-F/HL, VOT/X, R1!210 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 132, S/F/HL//ΔSIS * in crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Two captives, Standard, S-F/HL, VOT/X, R1!
avers:- LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, 6, I1-l (?), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, Victory on globe in right hand, mappa in left hand.
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F/HL left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F/HL//ΔSIS * in crescent, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,22g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-132, p-440, R1!,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-II__AE-Follis_LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-C-(6-I1-l_)_VIRTVS-EXERCIT_Iota-Chi_VOT-XX_Delta-SIS-star_RIC-139-p441-4th_-off_-R5_Siscia_320-AD_Q-001_0h_18,5-20mm_2,55gb-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 139, Iota-Chi/-//ΔSIS* in crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Two captives, Standard, R5!!!90 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 139, Iota-Chi/-//ΔSIS* in crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Two captives, Standard, R5!!!
avers:- LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, (6, I1-l), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, Victory on globe in right hand, mappa in left hand.
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on left side, "Iota-Chi" in left fields.
exergo: Iota-Chi/-//ΔSIS* in crescent, diameter: 18,5-20mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC VII 139, p-441, R5!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-II__AE-Follis-Sivered_LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-C-6d-B4_CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM_VOT-dot-V__-SIS-star_RIC-162-p444-4th_-off_-s_Siscia_320-21-AD__Q-001_axis-7h_19mm_3,79g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 162, -/-//ΔSIS*, AE-3 Follis, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V, Scarce!73 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 162, -/-//ΔSIS*, AE-3 Follis, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V, Scarce!
avers:- LICINIVS IVN NOB C, 6d, B4, Laureate bust right.
revers:- CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V in wreath.
exergo: -/-//ΔSIS*, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 7h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320-21A.D., ref: RIC-VII-162, p-444, 4th.off.,s,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
133_Licinius_II_,_Thessalonica,_RIC_VII_41,_AE-Follis,_LICINIVS_IVN_NOB_CAES,_VOT_V__MVLT_X____CAESS__TS_A_,_R2,_320-AD__Q-001,_11h,_18mm,_3,12-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 041, AE-3 Follis, VOT•V•/MVLT•X•/•/CAESS/•TS•A• within wreath., R2!,144 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 041, AE-3 Follis, VOT•V•/MVLT•X•/•/CAESS/•TS•A• within wreath., R2!,
avers:- LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
revers:- VOT•V•/MVLT•X•/•/CAESS/•TS•A• within wreath.
exergo: -/-//•TS•A•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 0h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC VII 41, R2!
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-II__AE-3-Sivered_LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-CAES-6-B4-l__VIRTVS-EXERCIT_S-F_VOT-XX_dot-TS-dot-A-dot_RIC-79-p508-1th_-off_-R2_Thessalonica_320-AD__Q-001_axis-0h_18mm_3_19g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 079, S/F//•TS•A•, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, S-F, VOT/XX, R2!!,84 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 079, S/F//•TS•A•, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, S-F, VOT/XX, R2!!,
avers:- LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, 6a, B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, .
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F//•TS•A•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 0h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC VII 79, p-509, R2!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-II__AE-Follis-Sivered_LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-C_VICTORIAE-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP_T-T_VOT_PR_C_RIC-VII-94-p-373_Ticinum_319-AD_R4_Q-001_6h_18-18,4mm_2,98g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 094, C//TT, AE-3 Follis, VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories holding shield, VOT/PR, R4!!!103 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 094, C//TT, AE-3 Follis, VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories holding shield, VOT/PR, R4!!!
avers: LICINIVS IVN NOB C, 6a, B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers: VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT PR over altar with C inscribed, T T in exergue.
exergo: C//TT, diameter:19-20mm, weight:2,34g, axis:1h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-094, p-373, R4!!!
Q-001
quadrans
heraclea9~0.jpg
134 Licinius II11 viewsobv: DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C laur. drp. bust l. holding scepter and mappa
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with three turrents no star
ex: MHT(delta)
hill132
134a.jpg
134a Decentius. AE Centenionalis25 viewsobv: DN DECENTIVS NOB CAES bare headed and cuir. bust r.
rev: VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAE two victories holding wreath inscribed VOT/V/MVLT/X on column
ex: RSLG
1 commentshill132
134b.jpg
134b Decentius. AE Centenionalis16 viewsobv: DN DECENTIVS NOB CAES bare headed and cuir. bust r.
rev: VICTORIAE DD NN ET CAE two victories holding wreath inscribed VOT/V/MVLT/X
ex: SP//RSLG
hill132
RI_136l_img.jpg
136 - Numerian Ant. - RIC 353 Bust Type C (As Caesar) 20 viewsObv:– M AVR NVMERIANVS NOB C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARS VICTOR, Mars walking right holding trophy and spear
Minted in Lugdunum (C in right field) Emission 4 Officina 3. 1st Quarter A.D. 283
References:– Cohen 18. RIC V part 2 353 Bust Type C. Bastien 519 (28 examples)
Martin Griffiths
RI_136p_img.jpg
136 - Numerian Ant. - RIC 356 Bust Type C (As Caesar) 18 viewsObv:– M AVR NVMERIANVS NOB C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left holding globe and inverted spear
Minted in Lugdunum (Retrograde C in left field) Emission 4 Officina 3. 1st Quarter A.D. 283
References:– Cohen 72. RIC V part 2 356 Bust Type C. Bastien 517 (6 examples)
Martin Griffiths
Constantinus-I__AE-silvered_CONSTANTINVS-NOB-CAES_VIRTVS-AV-GGT-ET-CAESS-NN_AQ-__RIC-VI-97-5aF-p-323_Aquilea_306-07-AD__Q-001_axis1h_27-29mm_8,57g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 097, AE-1 Follis, -/-//AQΓ, VIRTVS AVGG ET CAESS NN, Mars right, R!277 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 097, AE-1 Follis, -/-//AQΓ, VIRTVS AVG G ET CAES S N N, Mars right, R!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES, Laurete,helmeted and cuirassed bust right, pointing spear upwards,shield on left arm.
revers:- VIRTVS AV G G ET CAES S N N, Mars helmeted, advancing right, right holding transverse spear,trophy over the left shoulder.
exergo: -/-//AQΓ, diameter: 29mm, weight: 8,57g, axis: 1h,
mint: Aquilea, 3rd.off., date: 306-07 A.D., ref: RIC VI 97, p-323, R!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
heraclea11.jpg
136 Crispus16 viewsobv: DN FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES laur. drp. bust l. holding scepter and mappa
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with three turrents no star
ex: -.//SMHr
hill132
RI 137h img.jpg
137 - Carinus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 150 Bust Type C17 viewsObv:– CARINVS NOBIL CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left holding globe and inverted spear
Minted in Lugdunum (Retrograde C in left field). Emission 4, Officina 3. 1st Quarter A.D. 283
Reference:– Cohen 92. Bastien 516 (9 examples cited). RIC 150 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 137i img.jpg
137 - Carinus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 152 Bust Type C9 viewsObv:– CARINVS NOBIL CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SAECVLI FELICITAS, Prince standing right holding spear and globe
Minted in Lugdunum (D in right field). Emission 4, Officina 4. 1st Quarter A.D. 283
Reference:– RIC 152 Bust type C
maridvnvm
Denario_Neron_RIC_69.jpg
14 - 16 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.) 72 viewsAR Denario 3,07 gr.

Anv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P P - Cabeza laureada a derecha.
Rev: IVPPITER CVSTOS - Júpiter sentado hacia la izq., portando trueno en mano derecha y largo cetro vertical en der..

Esta emisión se realiza para agradecerle a Júpiter El Guardian (CVSTOS), el haber actuado para salvarlo de la famosa Conspiración Pisoniana , según Nerón únicamente la intervención divina de Éste pudo evitar su muerte, nombrándolo de aquí en adelante como protector del Imperio Romano.
La Conspiración Pisoniana: Luego del incendio del centro de Roma acaecido en el 64 D.C., recordemos la imagen de Nerón tocando la lira mientras se quemaba Roma, Nerón comienza la construcción en el sector quemado del Domus Aurea o Casa Dorada, nombre recibido por los azulejos dorados en su fachada; Este y otros excesos del Emperador hacen que se forme una conspiración para derrocarlo y colocar en su lugar a Gaius Calpurnius Piso / Cayo Calpurnio Pisón, político perteneciente a una noble familia romana, contando con el apoyo de senadores y personajes cercanos al Emperador como Petronio, Lucano, Séneca, y Faenio Rufo, comandante de la Guardia Pretoriana. Cuando la conspiración fue descubierta Cayo Calpurnio Pisón optó por quitarse la vida. Esta Conspiración había sido preparada para el 19 de abril de 65 d. C., en el templo del dios Sol (vecino al Circo Máximo). El arma homicida había sido escondida en el templo de Ceres y el autor era un hombre de la clase de los senadores llamado Escevino, la conspiración fracasa cuando un esclavo de este último le cuenta al Emperador de las intenciones de su amo.

Acuñada: 67 - 68 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC I # 69 Pag.154 - Cohen I #122 Pag.200 - DVM #8 Pag.85 - BMC #80
mdelvalle
RIC_69_Denario_Neron.jpg
14-06 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.) 23 viewsAR Denario 18.6 mm 3,07 gr.

Anv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P P - Cabeza laureada a derecha.
Rev: IVPPITER CVSTOS - Júpiter sentado hacia la izq., portando trueno en mano derecha y largo cetro vertical en der..

Esta emisión se realiza para agradecerle a Júpiter El Guardian (CVSTOS), el haber actuado para salvarlo de la famosa Conspiración Pisoniana , según Nerón únicamente la intervención divina de Éste pudo evitar su muerte, nombrándolo de aquí en adelante como protector del Imperio Romano.
La Conspiración Pisoniana: Luego del incendio del centro de Roma acaecido en el 64 D.C., recordemos la imagen de Nerón tocando la lira mientras se quemaba Roma, Nerón comienza la construcción en el sector quemado del Domus Aurea o Casa Dorada, nombre recibido por los azulejos dorados en su fachada; Este y otros excesos del Emperador hacen que se forme una conspiración para derrocarlo y colocar en su lugar a Gaius Calpurnius Piso / Cayo Calpurnio Pisón, político perteneciente a una noble familia romana, contando con el apoyo de senadores y personajes cercanos al Emperador como Petronio, Lucano, Séneca, y Faenio Rufo, comandante de la Guardia Pretoriana. Cuando la conspiración fue descubierta Cayo Calpurnio Pisón optó por quitarse la vida. Esta Conspiración había sido preparada para el 19 de abril de 65 d. C., en el templo del dios Sol (vecino al Circo Máximo). El arma homicida había sido escondida en el templo de Ceres y el autor era un hombre de la clase de los senadores llamado Escevino, la conspiración fracasa cuando un esclavo de este último le cuenta al Emperador de las intenciones de su amo.

Acuñada: 67 - 68 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC I # 69 Pag.154 - Cohen I #122 Pag.200 - DVM #8 Pag.85 - BMC #80 - CBN #239 - Sear RCTV #1943 Pag.384 - RSC II #123 Pag.14
mdelvalle
heraclea15~0.jpg
140 Constantine II18 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: PROVIDE_TIAE CAESS campgate with three turrents star above
ex: .SMH(epsilon).
hill132
CrispusRIC17.jpg
1404a, Crispus, Caesar 317 - 326 A.D. 38 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 17, aEF, Cyzicus mint, 3.196g, 19.9mm, 315o, 321 - 324 A.D.; Obverse: D N FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe in right and scepter in left, eagle with wreath in beak to left, X / IIG and captive right, SMKD in exergue; scarce (RIC R3). Ex FORVM.


De Imperatoribus Romanis;
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families

Crispus Caesar (317-326 A.D.)

Hans Pohlsander
SUNY Albany

Crispus was the oldest son of the emperor Constantine I and played a fairly important role in the political and military events of the early fourth century. The regular form of his full name is Flavius Iulius Crispus, although the forms Flavius Claudius Crispus and Flavius Valerius Crispus also occur. His mother was a woman named Minervina, with whom Constantine had a relationship, probably illegitimate, before he married Fausta in 307. When Minervina died or when Constantine put her aside we do not know. Nor do we know when she gave birth to Crispus; we may assume, of course, that it was before 307. Some modern authorities, on good grounds, think that it was in 305. Crispus' place of birth must have been somewhere in the East, and it is not known when he was brought to Gaul and when, where, or under what circumstances he was separated from his mother.

Constantine entrusted the education of his son to the distinguished Christian scholar Lactantius, thereby giving a clear sign of his commitment to Christianity. We are not told when Lactantius assumed his duties, but a date before 317 seems likely. Nor do we know how successful he was in instilling Christian beliefs and values in his imperial pupil. No later than January of 322 Crispus must have married a woman named Helena -- not to be confused with Constantine's mother or daughter by the same name- and this woman bore him a child in October of 322. Constantine, we learn, was pleased.

Crispus' official career began at an early age and is well documented. On March 1 of 317, at Serdica (modern Sofia), his father appointed him Caesar. The consulship was his three times, in 318, 321, and 324. While nominally in charge of Gaul, with a prefect at his side, he successfully undertook military operations against the Franks and Alamanni in 320 and 323.

In 324, during the second war between Constantine and Licinius, he excelled as commander of Constantine's fleet in the waters of the Hellespont, the Propontis, and the Bosporus, thus making a significant contribution to the outcome of that war. The high points of his career are amply reflected in the imperial coinage. In addition to coins, we have his portrait, with varying degrees of certainty, in a number of sculptures, mosaics, cameos, etc. Contemporary authors heap praises upon him. Thus the panegyrist Nazarius speaks of Crispus' "magnificent deeds," and Eusebius calls him "an emperor most dear to God and in all regards comparable to his father."

Crispus' end was as tragic as his career had been brilliant. His own father ordered him to be put to death. We know the year of this sad event, 326, from the Consularia Constantinopolitana, and the place, Pola in Istria, from Ammianus Marcellinus. The circumstances, however, are less clear. Zosimus (6th c.) and Zonaras (12th c.) both report that Crispus and his stepmother Fausta were involved in an illicit relationship. There may be as much gossip as fact in their reports, but it is certain that at some time during the same year the emperor ordered the death of his own wife as well, and the two cases must be considered together. That Crispus and Fausta plotted treason is reported by Gregory of Tours, but not very believable. We must resolutely reject the claim of Zosimus that it was Constantine's sense of guilt over these deeds which caused him to accept Christianity, as it alone promised him forgiveness for his sins. A similar claim had already been made by Julian the Apostate. We must also, I think, reject the suggestion of Guthrie that the emperor acted in the interest of "dynastic legitimacy," that is, that he removed his illegitimate first-born son in order to secure the succession for his three legitimate younger sons. But Crispus must have committed, or at least must have been suspected of having committed, some especially shocking offense to earn him a sentence of death from his own father. He also suffered damnatio memoriae, his honor was never restored, and history has not recorded the fate of his wife and his child (or children).

Copyright (C) 1997, Hans A. Pohlsander. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis;An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families:
http://www.roman-emperors.org/crispus.htm


What If?

St. Nectarios, in his book, The Ecumenical Synods, writes "Hellenism spread by Alexander paved the way for Christianity by Emperor Constantine the Great."

Constantine's upward gaze on his "Eyes to Heaven" coins recall the coin portraits of Alexander the Great (namely coins struck by the Diodochi), which served as prototypes for the divine ruler portraiture of much of the Hellenistic age. The diadem, of which this is the most elaborate type, was adopted by Constantine and the members of his house as a new symbol of sovereignty.

In the Greek Orthodox Church, Constantine the Great is revered as a Saint.

Is it just possible? Constantine, knowing what happened (or thinking that he does) to Phillip II of Macedon—assassinated on the eve of his greatness, in a plot that most likely involved his wife—and possibly his son. . . isn’t it just possible that Constantine is growing obsessively jealous of his ever more successful and adulated son? Imagine the Constantine who has proven time and again (think: Licinius) that he is a completely self-serving liar and a murderer, decides to murder again? Why "must we resolutely reject the claim of Zosimus that it was Constantine's sense of guilt over these deeds which caused him to accept Christianity, as it alone promised him forgiveness for his sins [?] (see: above). A similar claim had already been made by Julian the [Philosopher]."

Perhaps it is time to cease being apologists for the sometime megalomaniacal Constantine. As Michael Grant notes, "It is a mocking travesty of justice to call such a murderer Constantine the Great . . ." (Grant, Michael. The Emperor Constantine. London: Phoenix Press, 1998. 226).


Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


Cleisthenes
crispus_votV.jpg
1404b, Crispus, Caesar 317 - 326 A.D. (Thessalonica)35 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 118, VF, Thessalonica mint, 2.740g, 18.0mm, 180o, 320 - 321 A.D. Obverse: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left; Reverse: CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT V in wreath, TSDVI in exergue.

Flavius Julius Crispus was the son of Constantine I by his first wife. A brilliant soldier, Crispus was well loved by all until 326 A.D., when Constantine had him executed. It is said that Fausta, Crispus stepmother, anxious to secure the succession for her own sons falsely accused Crispus of raping her. Constantine, learning of Fausta`s treachery, had her executed too.


De Imperatoribus Romanis;
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families

Crispus Caesar (317-326 A.D.)

Hans Pohlsander
SUNY Albany

Crispus was the oldest son of the emperor Constantine I and played a fairly important role in the political and military events of the early fourth century. The regular form of his full name is Flavius Iulius Crispus, although the forms Flavius Claudius Crispus and Flavius Valerius Crispus also occur. His mother was a woman named Minervina, with whom Constantine had a relationship, probably illegitimate, before he married Fausta in 307. When Minervina died or when Constantine put her aside we do not know. Nor do we know when she gave birth to Crispus; we may assume, of course, that it was before 307. Some modern authorities, on good grounds, think that it was in 305. Crispus' place of birth must have been somewhere in the East, and it is not known when he was brought to Gaul and when, where, or under what circumstances he was separated from his mother.

Constantine entrusted the education of his son to the distinguished Christian scholar Lactantius, thereby giving a clear sign of his commitment to Christianity. We are not told when Lactantius assumed his duties, but a date before 317 seems likely. Nor do we know how successful he was in instilling Christian beliefs and values in his imperial pupil. No later than January of 322 Crispus must have married a woman named Helena -- not to be confused with Constantine's mother or daughter by the same name- and this woman bore him a child in October of 322. Constantine, we learn, was pleased.

Crispus' official career began at an early age and is well documented. On March 1 of 317, at Serdica (modern Sofia), his father appointed him Caesar. The consulship was his three times, in 318, 321, and 324. While nominally in charge of Gaul, with a prefect at his side, he successfully undertook military operations against the Franks and Alamanni in 320 and 323.

In 324, during the second war between Constantine and Licinius, he excelled as commander of Constantine's fleet in the waters of the Hellespont, the Propontis, and the Bosporus, thus making a significant contribution to the outcome of that war. The high points of his career are amply reflected in the imperial coinage. In addition to coins, we have his portrait, with varying degrees of certainty, in a number of sculptures, mosaics, cameos, etc. Contemporary authors heap praises upon him. Thus the panegyrist Nazarius speaks of Crispus' "magnificent deeds," and Eusebius calls him "an emperor most dear to God and in all regards comparable to his father."

Crispus' end was as tragic as his career had been brilliant. His own father ordered him to be put to death. We know the year of this sad event, 326, from the Consularia Constantinopolitana, and the place, Pola in Istria, from Ammianus Marcellinus. The circumstances, however, are less clear. Zosimus (6th c.) and Zonaras (12th c.) both report that Crispus and his stepmother Fausta were involved in an illicit relationship. There may be as much gossip as fact in their reports, but it is certain that at some time during the same year the emperor ordered the death of his own wife as well, and the two cases must be considered together. That Crispus and Fausta plotted treason is reported by Gregory of Tours, but not very believable. We must resolutely reject the claim of Zosimus that it was Constantine's sense of guilt over these deeds which caused him to accept Christianity, as it alone promised him forgiveness for his sins. A similar claim had already been made by Julian the Apostate. We must also, I think, reject the suggestion of Guthrie that the emperor acted in the interest of "dynastic legitimacy," that is, that he removed his illegitimate first-born son in order to secure the succession for his three legitimate younger sons. But Crispus must have committed, or at least must have been suspected of having committed, some especially shocking offense to earn him a sentence of death from his own father. He also suffered damnatio memoriae, his honor was never restored, and history has not recorded the fate of his wife and his child (or children).

Copyright (C) 1997, Hans A. Pohlsander. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis;An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families:
http://www.roman-emperors.org/crispus.htm


What If?

St. Nectarios, in his book, The Ecumenical Synods, writes "Hellenism spread by Alexander paved the way for Christianity by Emperor Constantine the Great."

Constantine's upward gaze on his "Eyes to Heaven" coins recall the coin portraits of Alexander the Great (namely coins struck by the Diodochi), which served as prototypes for the divine ruler portraiture of much of the Hellenistic age. The diadem, of which this is the most elaborate type, was adopted by Constantine and the members of his house as a new symbol of sovereignty.

In the Greek Orthodox Church, Constantine the Great is revered as a Saint.

Is it just possible? Constantine, knowing what happened (or thinking that he does) to Phillip II of Macedon—assassinated on the eve of his greatness, in a plot that most likely involved his wife—and possibly his son. . . isn’t it just possible that Constantine is growing obsessively jealous of his ever more successful and adulated son? Imagine the Constantine who has proven time and again (think: Licinius) that he is a completely self-serving liar and a murderer, decides to murder again? Why "must we resolutely reject the claim of Zosimus that it was Constantine's sense of guilt over these deeds which caused him to accept Christianity, as it alone promised him forgiveness for his sins [?] (see: above). A similar claim had already been made by Julian the [Philosopher]."

Perhaps it is time to cease being apologists for the sometime megalomaniacal Constantine. As Michael Grant notes, "It is a mocking travesty of justice to call such a murderer Constantine the Great . . ." (Grant, Michael. The Emperor Constantine. London: Phoenix Press, 1998. 226).


Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Cnstntine2.jpg
1406a, Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D. (Antioch)28 viewsConstantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D. Bronze AE 3, RIC 87, gVF, Antioch, 2.17g, 17.6mm, 0o, 330-335 A.D. Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers, each holding spear and shield on ground, flanking two standards, SMANE in exergue.

Constantine II (February 317 - 340) was Roman Emperor (337 - 340). The eldest son of Constantine I the Great and Fausta, he was born at Arles. Following the death of his father in 337, Constantine II became Emperor jointly with his brothers Constantius II and Constans. His section of the Empire was Gaul, Britain and Spain. At first, he was the guardian of his younger brother Constans, whose portion was Italy, Africa and Illyria. As Constans came of age, Constantine would not relinquish the guardianship, and in 340 he marched against Constans in Italy, but was defeated at Aquileia and died in battle. Constans came to control Constantine II's portion of the empire.
Cleisthenes
Constantine2.jpg
1406c, Constantine II, 337-340 A.D.36 viewsConstantine II, 317-340. AE3, RIC VII, 74 ('theta' = r), page 581 2.22 grams, 333-335 AD, Constantinople mint, VF. Obverse : CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C - Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS - Two soldiers looking in at each other and both holding a spear; between them, two standards. CONS (theta) (dot) in exergue. Rare.

Constantine II (February 317 - 340) was Roman Emperor (337 - 340). The eldest son of Constantine I the Great and Fausta, he was born at Arles. Following the death of his father in 337, Constantine II became Emperor jointly with his brothers Constantius II and Constans. His section of the Empire was Gaul, Britain and Spain. At first, he was the guardian of his younger brother Constans, whose portion was Italy, Africa and Illyria. As Constans came of age, Constantine would not relinquish the guardianship, and in 340 he marched against Constans in Italy, but was defeated at Aquileia and died in battle. Constans came to control Constantine II's portion of the empire.
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1407a, Constantius II, 337-361 A.D. (Antioch)51 viewsAE4, 337-361 A.D. Antioch, aVF/VF,Obv:– DN CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl and rosette diadem, head right/R: Wreath with VOT XX MVLT XXX, SMANB in exe.RIC VIII Antioch 113,Item ref: RI170b.

AE3, 2.80 grams, 330-333, Heraclea, aVF. Obv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C - Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS - Two soldiers looking in at each other and both holding a spear; between them, two standards Exe: SMHB.

Constantius II was born in Illyricum in August AD 317, the son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, and was proclaimed Caesar in AD 323.

In AD 337, at the death of his father Constantine, he acceded to the throne together with his two brothers Constantine II and Constans. But this accession by the three brothers was tainted by the murder of their cousins Dalmatius and Hannibalianus, whom Constantine had also intended as joint heirs. These murders are believed to have been masterminded by Constantius II.

Eventually, Constantius II was left as the sole emperor of the Roman empire. Constantius elevated his cousin, Julian, to the rank of Caesar (junior emperor) and gave him his sister Helena in marriage. Julian was assigned the task of dealing with the Frankish leader, Silvanus, who had proclaimed himself emepror at Colonia Agrippina. Julian's success led his men to declare him Augustus. Julian, while reluctant to take the throne, accepted.

Constantius II, therefore, left the Mesopotamian frontier and marched his troops west, seeking to deal with the usurper. As he reached Cilicia in the winter of AD 361, he was overcome by a sudden fever and died at Mopsucrene. Julian, the Apostate, succeded him as Emperor.

Our chief source for Constantius' reign is the great historian Ammianus Marcellinus. He presents a mixed view of that emperor. In some ways a sound administrator and competent general, Constantius is also portrayed as easily influenced by those around him such as his wives, courtiers and the eunuchs of the court (Ammianus 21. 16. 16). Ammianus (21.16.18) also attacks Constantius' great interest in Church affairs--alleging that he bankrupted the courier service with calls for Church councils. Of course, imperial interest in Church affairs was a major policy of his father Constantine and it may be that Constantius was trying to emulate his model (if only with mixed success). Indeed, Constantius II (like his brothers Constantine II and Constans) was raised a Christian. Among his many laws is the famous CTh 16.10.2 of 341 which either prohibited or re-issued his father's prohibition of pagan sacrifices. Sympathetic to Arianism, he spent a great deal of his reign calling Church councils. One of the longest-reigned emperors in Roman history, Constantius is hard for the modern historian to fully understand both due to his own actions and due to the interests of the authors of primary sources for his reign.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University & Robert Frakes, Clarion University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
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1407h, Constantius II, 337-361 A.D. (Heraclea)32 viewsConstantius II 337-361 A.D. AE3, 2.80 grams, 330-333, Heraclea, aVF. Obverse: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C - Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed; Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS - Two soldiers looking in at each other and both holding a spear; between them, two standards; SMHB in exergue.

Constantius II was born in Illyricum in August AD 317, the son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, and was proclaimed Caesar in AD 323.

In AD 337, at the death of his father Constantine, he acceded to the throne together with his two brothers Constantine II and Constans. But this accession by the three brothers was tainted by the murder of their cousins Dalmatius and Hannibalianus, whom Constantine had also intended as joint heirs. These murders are believed to have been masterminded by Constantius II.

Eventually, Constantius II was left as the sole emperor of the Roman empire. Constantius elevated his cousin, Julian, to the rank of Caesar (junior emperor) and gave him his sister Helena in marriage. Julian was assigned the task of dealing with the Frankish leader, Silvanus, who had proclaimed himself emepror at Colonia Agrippina. Julian's success led his men to declare him Augustus. Julian, while reluctant to take the throne, accepted.

Constantius II, therefore, left the Mesopotamian frontier and marched his troops west, seeking to deal with the usurper. As he reached Cilicia in the winter of AD 361, he was overcome by a sudden fever and died at Mopsucrene. Julian, the Apostate, succeded him as Emperor.

Our chief source for Constantius' reign is the great historian Ammianus Marcellinus. He presents a mixed view of that emperor. In some ways a sound administrator and competent general, Constantius is also portrayed as easily influenced by those around him such as his wives, courtiers and the eunuchs of the court (Ammianus 21. 16. 16). Ammianus (21.16.18) also attacks Constantius' great interest in Church affairs--alleging that he bankrupted the courier service with calls for Church councils. Of course, imperial interest in Church affairs was a major policy of his father Constantine and it may be that Constantius was trying to emulate his model (if only with mixed success). Indeed, Constantius II (like his brothers Constantine II and Constans) was raised a Christian. Among his many laws is the famous CTh 16.10.2 of 341 which either prohibited or re-issued his father's prohibition of pagan sacrifices. Sympathetic to Arianism, he spent a great deal of his reign calling Church councils. One of the longest-reigned emperors in Roman history, Constantius is hard for the modern historian to fully understand both due to his own actions and due to the interests of the authors of primary sources for his reign.
By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University & Robert Frakes, Clarion University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
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1408a, Constantius Gallus, Caesar 28 September 351 - winter 354 A.D. (Cyzicus)62 viewsBronze half centenionalis, RIC 106, F, Cyzicus mint, 2.603g, 18.8mm, 0o, 351-354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, SMKE in exergue.

Constantius Gallus was a cousin of Constantius II and was made Caesar in 351 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces while Constantius II was in the West. His rule was so harsh and cruel that Constantius recalled him to Milan, and then had him arrested and executed before he reached Italy.
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1409a, Julian II "the Philosopher," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.143 viewsJulian II, A.D. 360-363; RIC 167; VF; 2.7g, 20mm; Constantinople mint; Obverse: DN FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted & cuirassed bust right, holding spear & shield; Reverse: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines within wreath; CONSPB in exergue; Attractive green patina. Ex Nemesis.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Julian the Apostate (360-363 A.D.)

Walter E. Roberts, Emory University
Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University

Introduction

The emperor Flavius Claudius Julianus reigned from 360 to 26 June 363, when he was killed fighting against the Persians. Despite his short rule, his emperorship was pivotal in the development of the history of the later Roman empire. This essay is not meant to be a comprehensive look at the various issues central to the reign of Julian and the history of the later empire. Rather, this short work is meant to be a brief history and introduction for the general reader. Julian was the last direct descendent of the Constantinian line to ascend to the purple, and it is one of history's great ironies that he was the last non-Christian emperor. As such, he has been vilified by most Christian sources, beginning with John Chrysostom and Gregory Nazianzus in the later fourth century. This tradition was picked up by the fifth century Eusebian continuators Sozomen, Socrates Scholasticus, and Theodoret and passed on to scholars down through the 20th century. Most contemporary sources, however, paint a much more balanced picture of Julian and his reign. The adoption of Christianity by emperors and society, while still a vital concern, was but one of several issues that concerned Julian.

It is fortunate that extensive writings from Julian himself exist, which help interpret his reign in the light of contemporary evidence. Still extant are some letters, several panegyrics, and a few satires. Other contemporary sources include the soldier Ammianus Marcellinus' history, correspondence between Julian and Libanius of Antioch, several panegyrics, laws from the Theodosian Code, inscriptions, and coinage. These sources show Julian's emphasis on restoration. He saw himself as the restorer of the traditional values of Roman society. Of course much of this was rhetoric, meant to defend Julian against charges that he was a usurper. At the same time this theme of restoration was central to all emperors of the fourth century. Julian thought that he was the one emperor who could regain what was viewed as the lost glory of the Roman empire. To achieve this goal he courted select groups of social elites to get across his message of restoration. This was the way that emperors functioned in the fourth century. By choosing whom to include in the sharing of power, they sought to shape society.

Early Life

Julian was born at Constantinople in 331. His father was Julius Constantius, half-brother of the emperor Constantine through Constantius Chlorus, and his mother was Basilina, Julius' second wife. Julian had two half-brothers via Julius' first marriage. One of these was Gallus, who played a major role in Julian's life. Julian appeared destined for a bright future via his father's connection to the Constantinian house. After many years of tense relations with his three half-brothers, Constantine seemed to have welcomed them into the fold of the imperial family. From 333 to 335, Constantine conferred a series of honors upon his three half-siblings, including appointing Julius Constantius as one of the consuls for 335. Julian's mother was equally distinguished. Ammianus related that she was from a noble family. This is supported by Libanius, who claimed that she was the daughter of Julius Julianus, a Praetorian Prefect under Licinius, who was such a model of administrative virtue that he was pardoned and honored by Constantine.

Despite the fact that his mother died shortly after giving birth to him, Julian experienced an idyllic early childhood. This ended when Constantius II conducted a purge of many of his relatives shortly after Constantine's death in 337, particularly targeting the families of Constantine's half-brothers. ulian and Gallus were spared, probably due to their young age. Julian was put under the care of Mardonius, a Scythian eunuch who had tutored his mother, in 339, and was raised in the Greek philosophical tradition, and probably lived in Nicomedia. Ammianus also supplied the fact that while in Nicomedia, Julian was cared for by the local bishop Eusebius, of whom the future emperor was a distant relation. Julian was educated by some of the most famous names in grammar and rhetoric in the Greek world at that time, including Nicocles and Hecebolius. In 344 Constantius II sent Julian and Gallus to Macellum in Cappadocia, where they remained for six years. In 351, Gallus was made Caesar by Constantius II and Julian was allowed to return to Nicomedia, where he studied under Aedesius, Eusebius, and Chrysanthius, all famed philosophers, and was exposed to the Neo-Platonism that would become such a prominent part of his life. But Julian was most proud of the time he spent studying under Maximus of Ephesus, a noted Neo-Platonic philospher and theurgist. It was Maximus who completed Julian's full-scale conversion to Neo-Platonism. Later, when he was Caesar, Julian told of how he put letters from this philosopher under his pillows so that he would continue to absorb wisdom while he slept, and while campaigning on the Rhine, he sent his speeches to Maximus for approval before letting others hear them. When Gallus was executed in 354 for treason by Constantius II, Julian was summoned to Italy and essentially kept under house arrest at Comum, near Milan, for seven months before Constantius' wife Eusebia convinced the emperor that Julian posed no threat. This allowed Julian to return to Greece and continue his life as a scholar where he studied under the Neo-Platonist Priscus. Julian's life of scholarly pursuit, however, ended abruptly when he was summoned to the imperial court and made Caesar by Constantius II on 6 November 355.

Julian as Caesar

Constantius II realized an essential truth of the empire that had been evident since the time of the Tetrarchy--the empire was too big to be ruled effectively by one man. Julian was pressed into service as Caesar, or subordinate emperor, because an imperial presence was needed in the west, in particular in the Gallic provinces. Julian, due to the emperor's earlier purges, was the only viable candidate of the imperial family left who could act as Caesar. Constantius enjoined Julian with the task of restoring order along the Rhine frontier. A few days after he was made Caesar, Julian was married to Constantius' sister Helena in order to cement the alliance between the two men. On 1 December 355, Julian journeyed north, and in Augusta Taurinorum he learned that Alamannic raiders had destroyed Colonia Agrippina. He then proceeded to Vienne where he spent the winter. At Vienne, he learned that Augustudunum was also under siege, but was being held by a veteran garrison. He made this his first priority, and arrived there on 24 June 356. When he had assured himself that the city was in no immediate danger, he journeyed to Augusta Treverorum via Autessioduram, and from there to Durocortorum where he rendezvoused with his army. Julian had the army stage a series of punitive strikes around the Dieuse region, and then he moved them towards the Argentoratum/Mongontiacum region when word of barbarian incursions reached him.

From there, Julian moved on to Colonia Agrippina, and negotiated a peace with the local barbarian leaders who had assaulted the city. He then wintered at Senonae. He spent the early part of the campaigning season of 357 fighting off besiegers at Senonae, and then conducting operations around Lugdunum and Tres Tabernae. Later that summer, he encountered his watershed moment as a military general. Ammianus went into great detail about Julian's victory over seven rogue Alamannic chieftains near Argentoratum, and Julian himself bragged about it in his later writing. After this battle, the soldiers acclaimed Julian Augustus, but he rejected this title. After mounting a series of follow-up raids into Alamannic territory, he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia, and on the way defeated some Frankish raiders in the Mosa region. Julian considered this campaign one of the major events of his time as Caesar.

Julian began his 358 military campaigns early, hoping to catch the barbarians by surprise. His first target was the Franks in the northern Rhine region. He then proceeded to restore some forts in the Mosa region, but his soldiers threatened to mutiny because they were on short rations and had not been paid their donative since Julian had become Caesar. After he soothed his soldiers, Julian spent the rest of the summer negotiating a peace with various Alamannic leaders in the mid and lower Rhine areas, and retired to winter quarters at Lutetia. In 359, he prepared once again to carry out a series of punitive expeditions against the Alamanni in the Rhine region who were still hostile to the Roman presence. In preparation, the Caesar repopulated seven previously destroyed cities and set them up as supply bases and staging areas. This was done with the help of the people with whom Julian had negotiated a peace the year before. Julian then had a detachment of lightly armed soldiers cross the Rhine near Mogontiacum and conduct a guerilla strike against several chieftains. As a result of these campaigns, Julian was able to negotiate a peace with all but a handful of the Alamannic leaders, and he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia.

Of course, Julian did more than act as a general during his time as Caesar. According to Ammianus, Julian was an able administrator who took steps to correct the injustices of Constantius' appointees. Ammianus related the story of how Julian prevented Florentius, the Praetorian Prefect of Gaul, from raising taxes, and also how Julian actually took over as governor for the province of Belgica Secunda. Hilary, bishop of Poitiers, supported Ammianus' basic assessment of Julian in this regard when he reported that Julian was an able representative of the emperor to the Gallic provincials. There is also epigraphic evidence to support Julian's popularity amongst the provincial elites. An inscription found near Beneventum in Apulia reads:
"To Flavius Claudius Julianus, most noble and sanctified Caesar, from the caring Tocius Maximus, vir clarissimus, for the care of the res publica from Beneventum".

Tocius Maximus, as a vir clarissimus, was at the highest point in the social spectrum and was a leader in his local community. This inscription shows that Julian was successful in establishing a positive image amongst provincial elites while he was Caesar.

Julian Augustus

In early 360, Constantius, driven by jealousy of Julian's success, stripped Julian of many troops and officers, ostensibly because the emperor needed them for his upcoming campaign against the Persians. One of the legions ordered east, the Petulantes, did not want to leave Gaul because the majority of the soldiers in the unit were from this region. As a result they mutinied and hailed Julian as Augustus at Lutetia. Julian refused this acclamation as he had done at Argentoratum earlier, but the soldiers would have none of his denial. They raised him on a shield and adorned him with a neck chain, which had formerly been the possession of the standard-bearer of the Petulantes and symbolized a royal diadem. Julian appeared reluctantly to acquiesce to their wishes, and promised a generous donative. The exact date of his acclamation is unknown, but most scholars put it in February or March. Julian himself supported Ammianus' picture of a jealous Constantius. In his Letter to the Athenians, a document constructed to answer charges that he was a usurper, Julian stated that from the start he, as Caesar, had been meant as a figurehead to the soldiers and provincials. The real power he claimed lay with the generals and officials already present in Gaul. In fact, according to Julian, the generals were charged with watching him as much as the enemy. His account of the actual acclamation closely followed what Ammianus told us, but he stressed even more his reluctance to take power. Julian claimed that he did so only after praying to Zeus for guidance.

Fearing the reaction of Constantius, Julian sent a letter to his fellow emperor justifying the events at Lutetia and trying to arrange a peaceful solution. This letter berated Constantius for forcing the troops in Gaul into an untenable situation. Ammianus stated that Julian's letter blamed Constantius' decision to transfer Gallic legions east as the reason for the soldiers' rebellion. Julian once again asserted that he was an unwilling participant who was only following the desire of the soldiers. In both of these basic accounts Ammianus and Julian are playing upon the theme of restoration. Implicit in their version of Julian's acclamation is the argument that Constantius was unfit to rule. The soldiers were the vehicle of the gods' will. The Letter to the Athenians is full of references to the fact that Julian was assuming the mantle of Augustus at the instigation of the gods. Ammianus summed up this position nicely when he related the story of how, when Julian was agonizing over whether to accept the soldiers' acclamation, he had a dream in which he was visited by the Genius (guardian spirit) of the Roman state. The Genius told Julian that it had often tried to bestow high honors upon Julian but had been rebuffed. Now, the Genius went on to say, was Julian's final chance to take the power that was rightfully his. If the Caesar refused this chance, the Genius would depart forever, and both Julian and the state would rue Julian's rejection. Julian himself wrote a letter to his friend Maximus of Ephesus in November of 361 detailing his thoughts on his proclamation. In this letter, Julian stated that the soldiers proclaimed him Augustus against his will. Julian, however, defended his accession, saying that the gods willed it and that he had treated his enemies with clemency and justice. He went on to say that he led the troops in propitiating the traditional deities, because the gods commanded him to return to the traditional rites, and would reward him if he fulfilled this duty.

During 360 an uneasy peace simmered between the two emperors. Julian spent the 360 campaigning season continuing his efforts to restore order along the Rhine, while Constantius continued operations against the Persians. Julian wintered in Vienne, and celebrated his Quinquennalia. It was at this time that his wife Helena died, and he sent her remains to Rome for a proper burial at his family villa on the Via Nomentana where the body of her sister was entombed. The uneasy peace held through the summer of 361, but Julian concentrated his military operations around harassing the Alamannic chieftain Vadomarius and his allies, who had concluded a peace treaty with Constantius some years earlier. By the end of the summer, Julian decided to put an end to the waiting and gathered his army to march east against Constantius. The empire teetered on the brink of another civil war. Constantius had spent the summer negotiating with the Persians and making preparations for possible military action against his cousin. When he was assured that the Persians would not attack, he summoned his army and sallied forth to meet Julian. As the armies drew inexorably closer to one another, the empire was saved from another bloody civil war when Constantius died unexpectedly of natural causes on 3 November near the town of Mopsucrenae in Cilicia, naming Julian -- the sources say-- as his legitimate successor.

Julian was in Dacia when he learned of his cousin's death. He made his way through Thrace and came to Constantinople on 11 December 361 where Julian honored the emperor with the funeral rites appropriate for a man of his station. Julian immediately set about putting his supporters in positions of power and trimming the imperial bureaucracy, which had become extremely overstaffed during Constantius' reign. Cooks and barbers had increased during the late emperor's reign and Julian expelled them from his court. Ammianus gave a mixed assessment of how the new emperor handled the followers of Constantius. Traditionally, emperors were supposed to show clemency to the supporters of a defeated enemy. Julian, however, gave some men over to death to appease the army. Ammianus used the case of Ursulus, Constantius' comes sacrum largitionum, to illustrate his point. Ursulus had actually tried to acquire money for the Gallic troops when Julian had first been appointed Caesar, but he had also made a disparaging remark about the ineffectiveness of the army after the battle of Amida. The soldiers remembered this, and when Julian became sole Augustus, they demanded Ursulus' head. Julian obliged, much to the disapproval of Ammianus. This seems to be a case of Julian courting the favor of the military leadership, and is indicative of a pattern in which Julian courted the goodwill of various societal elites to legitimize his position as emperor.

Another case in point is the officials who made up the imperial bureaucracy. Many of them were subjected to trial and punishment. To achieve this goal, during the last weeks of December 361 Julian assembled a military tribunal at Chalcedon, empanelling six judges to try the cases. The president of the tribunal was Salutius, just promoted to the rank of Praetorian Prefect; the five other members were Mamertinus, the orator, and four general officers: Jovinus, Agilo, Nevitta, and Arbetio. Relative to the proceedings of the tribunal, Ammianus noted that the judges, " . . . oversaw the cases more vehemently than was right or fair, with the exception of a few . . .." Ammianus' account of Julian's attempt at reform of the imperial bureaucracy is supported by legal evidence from the Theodosian Code. A series of laws sent to Mamertinus, Julian's appointee as Praetorian Prefect in Italy, Illyricum, and Africa, illustrate this point nicely. On 6 June 362, Mamertinus received a law that prohibited provincial governors from bypassing the Vicars when giving their reports to the Prefect. Traditionally, Vicars were given civil authority over a group of provinces, and were in theory meant to serve as a middle step between governors and Prefects. This law suggests that the Vicars were being left out, at least in Illyricum. Julian issued another edict to Mamertinus on 22 February 362 to stop abuse of the public post by governors. According to this law, only Mamertinus could issue post warrants, but the Vicars were given twelve blank warrants to be used as they saw fit, and each governor was given two. Continuing the trend of bureaucratic reform, Julian also imposed penalties on governors who purposefully delayed appeals in court cases they had heard. The emperor also established a new official to weigh solidi used in official government transactions to combat coin clipping.

For Julian, reigning in the abuses of imperial bureaucrats was one step in restoring the prestige of the office of emperor. Because he could not affect all elements of society personally, Julian, like other Neo-Flavian emperors, decided to concentrate on select groups of societal elites as intercessors between himself and the general populace. One of these groups was the imperial bureaucracy. Julian made it very clear that imperial officials were intercessors in a very real sense in a letter to Alypius, Vicar of Britain. In this letter, sent from Gaul sometime before 361, the emperor praises Alypius for his use of "mildness and moderation with courage and force" in his rule of the provincials. Such virtues were characteristic of the emperors, and it was good that Alypius is representing Julian in this way. Julian courted the army because it put him in power. Another group he sought to include in his rule was the traditional Senatorial aristocracy. One of his first appointments as consul was Claudius Mamertinus, a Gallic Senator and rhetorician. Mamertinus' speech in praise of Julian delivered at Constantinople in January of 362 is preserved. In this speech, Claudius presented his consular selection as inaugurating a new golden age and Julian as the restorer of the empire founded by Augustus. The image Mamertinus gave of his own consulate inaugurating a new golden age is not merely formulaic. The comparison of Julian to Augustus has very real, if implicit, relevance to Claudius' situation. Claudius emphasized the imperial period as the true age of renewal. Augustus ushered in a new era with his formation of a partnership between the emperor and the Senate based upon a series of honors and offices bestowed upon the Senate in return for their role as intercessor between emperor and populace. It was this system that Julian was restoring, and the consulate was one concrete example of this bond. To be chosen as a consul by the emperor, who himself had been divinely mandated, was a divine honor. In addition to being named consul, Mamertinus went on to hold several offices under Julian, including the Prefecture of Italy, Illyricum, and Africa. Similarly, inscriptional evidence illustrates a link between municipal elites and Julian during his time as Caesar, something which continued after he became emperor. One concrete example comes from the municipal senate of Aceruntia in Apulia, which established a monument on which Julian is styled as "Repairer of the World."

Julian seems to have given up actual Christian belief before his acclamation as emperor and was a practitioner of more traditional Greco-Roman religious beliefs, in particular, a follower of certain late antique Platonist philosophers who were especially adept at theurgy as was noted earlier. In fact Julian himself spoke of his conversion to Neo-Platonism in a letter to the Alexandrians written in 363. He stated that he had abandoned Christianity when he was twenty years old and been an adherent of the traditional Greco-Roman deities for the twelve years prior to writing this letter.

(For the complete text of this article see: http://www.roman-emperors.org/julian.htm)

Julian’s Persian Campaign

The exact goals Julian had for his ill-fated Persian campaign were never clear. The Sassanid Persians, and before them the Parthians, had been a traditional enemy from the time of the Late Republic, and indeed Constantius had been conducting a war against them before Julian's accession forced the former to forge an uneasy peace. Julian, however, had no concrete reason to reopen hostilities in the east. Socrates Scholasticus attributed Julian's motives to imitation of Alexander the Great, but perhaps the real reason lay in his need to gather the support of the army. Despite his acclamation by the Gallic legions, relations between Julian and the top military officers was uneasy at best. A war against the Persians would have brought prestige and power both to Julian and the army.

Julian set out on his fateful campaign on 5 March 363. Using his trademark strategy of striking quickly and where least expected, he moved his army through Heirapolis and from there speedily across the Euphrates and into the province of Mesopotamia, where he stopped at the town of Batnae. His plan was to eventually return through Armenia and winter in Tarsus. Once in Mesopotamia, Julian was faced with the decision of whether to travel south through the province of Babylonia or cross the Tigris into Assyria, and he eventually decided to move south through Babylonia and turn west into Assyria at a later date. By 27 March, he had the bulk of his army across the Euphrates, and had also arranged a flotilla to guard his supply line along the mighty river. He then left his generals Procopius and Sebastianus to help Arsacius, the king of Armenia and a Roman client, to guard the northern Tigris line. It was also during this time that he received the surrender of many prominent local leaders who had nominally supported the Persians. These men supplied Julian with money and troops for further military action against their former masters. Julian decided to turn south into Babylonia and proceeded along the Euphrates, coming to the fortress of Cercusium at the junction of the Abora and Euphrates Rivers around the first of April, and from there he took his army west to a region called Zaitha near the abandoned town of Dura where they visited the tomb of the emperor Gordian which was in the area. On April 7 he set out from there into the heart of Babylonia and towards Assyria.

Ammianus then stated that Julian and his army crossed into Assyria, which on the face of things appears very confusing. Julian still seems to be operating within the province of Babylonia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The confusion is alleviated when one realizes that,for Ammianus, the region of Assyria encompassed the provinces of Babylonia and Assyria. On their march, Julian's forces took the fortress of Anatha, received the surrender and support of several more local princes, and ravaged the countryside of Assyria between the rivers. As the army continued south, they came across the fortresses Thilutha and Achaiachala, but these places were too well defended and Julian decided to leave them alone. Further south were the cities Diacira and Ozogardana, which the Roman forces sacked and burned. Soon, Julian came to Pirisabora and a brief siege ensued, but the city fell and was also looted and destroyed. It was also at this time that the Roman army met its first systematic resistance from the Persians. As the Romans penetrated further south and west, the local inhabitants began to flood their route. Nevertheless, the Roman forces pressed on and came to Maiozamalcha, a sizable city not far from Ctesiphon. After a short siege, this city too fell to Julian. Inexorably, Julian's forces zeroed in on Ctesiphon, but as they drew closer, the Persian resistance grew fiercer, with guerilla raids whittling at Julian's men and supplies. A sizable force of the army was lost and the emperor himself was almost killed taking a fort a few miles from the target city.
Finally, the army approached Ctesiphon following a canal that linked the Tigris and Euphrates. It soon became apparent after a few preliminary skirmishes that a protracted siege would be necessary to take this important city. Many of his generals, however, thought that pursuing this course of action would be foolish. Julian reluctantly agreed, but became enraged by this failure and ordered his fleet to be burned as he decided to march through the province of Assyria. Julian had planned for his army to live off the land, but the Persians employed a scorched-earth policy. When it became apparent that his army would perish (because his supplies were beginning to dwindle) from starvation and the heat if he continued his campaign, and also in the face of superior numbers of the enemy, Julian ordered a retreat on 16 June. As the Roman army retreated, they were constantly harassed by guerilla strikes. It was during one of these raids that Julian got caught up in the fighting and took a spear to his abdomen. Mortally wounded he was carried to his tent, where, after conferring with some of his officers, he died. The date was 26 June 363.

Conclusion

Thus an ignominious end for a man came about who had hoped to restore the glory of the Roman empire during his reign as emperor. Due to his intense hatred of Christianity, the opinion of posterity has not been kind to Julian. The contemporary opinion, however, was overall positive. The evidence shows that Julian was a complex ruler with a definite agenda to use traditional social institutions in order to revive what he saw as a collapsing empire. In the final assessment, he was not so different from any of the other emperors of the fourth century. He was a man grasping desperately to hang on to a Greco-Roman conception of leadership that was undergoing a subtle yet profound change.
Copyright (C) 2002, Walter E. Roberts and Michael DiMaio, Jr. Used by permission.

In reality, Julian worked to promote culture and philosophy in any manifestation. He tried to reduce taxes and the public debts of municipalities; he augmented administrative decentralisation; he promoted a campaign of austerity to reduce public expenditure (setting himself as the example). He reformed the postal service and eliminated the powerful secret police.
by Federico Morando; JULIAN II, The Apostate, http://www.forumancientcoins.com/NumisWiki/view.asp?key=Julian%20II

Flavius Claudius Iulianus was born in 331 or maybe 332 A.D. in Constantinople. He ruled the Western Empire as Caesar from 355 to 360 and was hailed Augustus by his legions in Lutetia (Paris) in 360. Julian was a gifted administrator and military strategist. Famed as the last pagan emperor, his reinstatement of the pagan religion earned him the moniker "the Apostate." As evidenced by his brilliant writing, some of which has survived to the present day, the title "the Philosopher" may have been more appropriate. He died from wounds suffered during the Persian campaign of 363 A.D. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.




2 commentsCleisthenes
heraclea16.jpg
141 Constantine II11 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: PROIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: ./SMH(delta)
hill132
heraclea17.jpg
142 Constantine II15 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: PROVIDN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex:SMHr
hill132
Crispus_AE-Follis_INCUSE_IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAE-S_Q-001_20mm_2,90g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-Follis, Brockage, Incuse,161 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-Follis, Brockage, Incuse,
avers:- IVL CRISPVS NOB CAE S, Laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
revers:- Probably VIRTVS EXERCIT,...
exe: , diameter: 20mm, weight: 2,90g,
mint: probably Siscia, date: probably 320 A.D., ref: probably RIC VII Siscia 130,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Aquilea_RIC_VII_041,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_CRISPVS-NOB-CAES_VIRTVS-EXERCIT_AQT_S-F_VOT_X_320-AD_Scarce_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Aquilea, RIC VII 041, AE-3 Follis, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #1109 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Aquilea, RIC VII 041, AE-3 Follis, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #1
avers:- CRISPVS-NOB-CAES (), Laureate, couirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F/ AQT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-41, -p-,
Q-001
quadrans
Aquilea_RIC_VII_041,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis-Silvered_CRISPUS-NOB-CAES-5-B5_VIRTVS-EXERCIT_VOT-X_S-F_AQT_p-321_S_321-AD_Q-002_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Aquilea, RIC VII 041, AE-3 Follis, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #290 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Aquilea, RIC VII 041, AE-3 Follis, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #2
avers:- CRISPVS-NOB-CAES (5,B5), Laureate, couirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F/ AQT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-41, -p-,
Q-002
quadrans
Aquilea_RIC_VII_099,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_CRISPVS-NOB-CAES-5b-B4_CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM-VOT-dot-X_dotAQSdot_p404_R3_321-AD_Q-001_7h_18,5-19mm_2,42ga-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Aquilea, RIC VII 099, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•AQS•, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X, R3!!!84 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Aquilea, RIC VII 099, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•AQS•, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X, R3!!!
avers:- CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, 5b, B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, Wreath VOT/•/ X with in.
exergo: -/-//•AQS•, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 2,42g, axis: 7h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 321 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-099, p-404, 2nd. off., R3!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Cyzicus_RIC_VII_010,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_DN-FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES-5-J1_l-_IOVI-CONSER-VATORI-CAESS_wreath-__SMK_p644-5off_-r2_317-20-AD_Q-001_6h_18-19mm_3,02gv-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 010, AE-3 Follis, wreath/Є//SMK, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS, R2!, #1108 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 010, AE-3 Follis, wreath/Є//SMK, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS, R2!, #1
avers:- DN-FL-IVL-CRISPVSVS-NOB-CAES, 7,J1 l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI-CONSER-VATORI-CAESS, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; wreath in left and Є in right in field.
exergo: wreath/Є//SMK, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,02g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 8th. off., date: 317-320 AD., ref: RIC-VII-10, p-644, R2,
Q-001
quadrans
142_Crispus,_Cyzicus,_RIC_VII_025,_AE-3_Follis,_FL_IVL_CRISPUS_NOB_CAES,_PROVIDEN-TIAE_CAESS,_SMK__#916;,_324-5AD,_Q-001,_0h,_19mm,_3,6g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 025, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Campgate with two turrets, #1161 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 025, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: FL IVL CRISPUS NOB CAES, Laureate bust left, draped and cuirassed.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAESS, Campgate with two turrets, 6 layers, no door and one star above.
exergue: -/-//SMKΔ, diameter: 19,0mm, weight: 3,60g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 4th. off., date: 324-325 AD., ref: RIC VII 25,
Q-001
quadrans
Londinium_RIC_VII_231,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_CRISPVS-NOBIL-C_BEATA-TRAN-QVILLITAS_VOT-IS-XX_PLON_p-112_321-2-AD_R4_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Londinium, RIC VII 231, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PLON, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, VO/TIS/XX, Globe on altar, R4!!!92 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Londinium, RIC VII 231, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PLON, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, VO/TIS/XX, Globe on altar, R4!!!
avers:- CRISPVS-NOBIL-C, Helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- BEATA-TRAN-QVILLITAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VOT/IS/XX, above, three stars.
exerg: -/-//PLON, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Londinium, date: 323-324 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-231, p-112, R4!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Londinium_RIC_VII_252,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_CRISPVS-NOB-CAES_BEAT-TRA-NQLITAS_VOT-IS-XX_F-B_PLON_-p-113__321-2-AD_R5_Q-001_6h_19-19,5mm_2,78g-s1.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Londinium, RIC VII 252, AE-3 Follis, F/B//PLON, BEAT TRANQLITAS, VO/TIS/XX, Globe on altar, R5!!!97 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Londinium, RIC VII 252, AE-3 Follis, F/B//PLON, BEAT TRANQLITAS, VO/TIS/XX, Globe on altar, R5!!!
avers: CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, Laureated and cuirassed bust left, spear across right shoulder, decorated shield with two captives on the left arm.
revers: BEAT-TRA-NQLITAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VOT/IS/XX, above, three stars.
exerg: F/B//PLON, diameter: 19-19,5mm, weight: 2,78g, axis: 6h,
mint: Londinium, date: 322-323 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-252, p-113, R5!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Londinium_RIC_VII_274,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_CRISPVS-NOBIL-C_BEAT-TRA-NQVILTAS_VOT-IS-XX_PLON_p-114_323-4-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Londinium, RIC VII 274, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PLON, BEAT TRANQVILTAS, VO/TIS/XX, Globe on altar, #192 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Londinium, RIC VII 274, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PLON, BEAT TRANQVILTAS, VO/TIS/XX, Globe on altar, #1
avers:- CRISPVS-NOBIL-C, Helmeted and cuirassed bust left.
revers:- BEAT-TRA-NQVILTAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VOT/IS/XX, above, three stars.
exerg: -/-//PLON, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Londinium, date: 323-324 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-274, p-114,
Q-001
quadrans
Londinium_RIC_VII_274,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_CRISPVS-NOBIL-C_BEAT-TRA-NQVILTAS_VOT-IS-XX_PLON_p-114_323-4-AD_Q-002_h_mm_g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Londinium, RIC VII 274, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PLON, BEAT TRANQVILTAS, VO/TIS/XX, Globe on altar, #283 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Londinium, RIC VII 274, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PLON, BEAT TRANQVILTAS, VO/TIS/XX, Globe on altar, #2
avers:- CRISPVS-NOBIL-C, Helmeted and cuirassed bust left.
revers:- BEAT-TRA-NQVILTAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VOT/IS/XX, above, three stars.
exerg: -/-//PLON, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Londinium, date: 323-324 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-274, p-114,
Q-002
quadrans
Londinium_RIC_VII_274,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_CRISPVS-NOBIL-C_BEAT-TRA-NQVILTAS_VOT-IS-XX_PLON_p-114_323-4-AD_Q-003_h_mm_g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Londinium, RIC VII 274, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PLON, BEAT TRANQVILTAS, VO/TIS/XX, Globe on altar, #3107 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Londinium, RIC VII 274, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PLON, BEAT TRANQVILTAS, VO/TIS/XX, Globe on altar, #3
avers:- CRISPVS-NOBIL-C, Helmeted and cuirassed bust left.
revers:- BEAT-TRA-NQVILTAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VOT/IS/XX, above, three stars.
exerg: -/-//PLON, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Londinium, date: 323-324 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-274, p-114,
Q-003
quadrans
Londinium_RIC_VII_279,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_CRISPVS-NOBIL-C_BEAT-TRA-NQVILTAS_VOT-IS-XX_PLON_p-114_323-4-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Londinium, RIC VII 279, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PLON, BEAT TRANQVILTAS, VO/TIS/XX, Globe on altar,88 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Londinium, RIC VII 279, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PLON, BEAT TRANQVILTAS, VO/TIS/XX, Globe on altar,
avers:- CRISPVS-NOBIL-C, Laureate and cuirassed bust left, spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- BEAT-TRA-NQVILTAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VOT/IS/XX, above, three stars.
exerg: -/-//PLON, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Londinium, date: 323-324 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-279, p-114,
Q-001
quadrans
Londinium_RIC_VII_281,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_CRISPVS-NOBIL-C_BEAT-TRA-NQVILTAS_VOT-IS-XX_PLON_p-114_323-4-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Londinium, RIC VII 281, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PLON, BEAT TRANQVILTAS, VO/TIS/XX, Globe on altar, 117 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Londinium, RIC VII 281, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PLON, BEAT TRANQVILTAS, VO/TIS/XX, Globe on altar,
avers:- CRISPVS-NOBIL-C, Helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- BEAT-TRA-NQVILTAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VOT/IS/XX, above, three stars.
exerg: -/-//PLON, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Londinium, date: 323-324 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-281, p-114,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Lugdunum_RIC_VII_074,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_DN-CRISPO-NOB-CAES-5b-B4_VICTORIAE-LAET-PRINC-PERP_VOT-PR_2capts_p127_R3_319-20-AD_Q-001_18mm_2_59ga-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC VII 074, AE-3 Follis, -/-//two captives back, VICTORIAE LAET PRINC PERP, Two victories facing one another, R4!!!,105 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC VII 074, AE-3 Follis, -/-//two captives back, VICTORIAE LAET PRINC PERP, Two victories facing one another, R4!!!,
avers:- DN-CRISPO-NOB-CAES, 5b,B4, Laurate, draped and curiassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIAE-LAET-PRINC-PERP, Two victories facing one another, holding shield inscribed VOT/PR over altar two captives back in exergo.
exergo: -/-//two captives back, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,59g, axis:11h,
mint: Lugdunum, (Lyon), date: 319-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-74, p127, R4, altar mint: d,
Q-001
quadrans
Lugdunum_RIC_VII_075,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_DN-CRISPO-NOB-CAES-5b-B5_VICTORIAE-LAET-PRINC-PERP_VOT-PR_2captives_p127_R4_319-320-AD_Q-001_0h_18mm_2_91ga-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC VII 075, AE-3 Follis, -/-//two captives back, VICTORIAE LAET PRINC PERP, Two victories facing one another, R4!!!,107 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC VII 075, AE-3 Follis, -/-//two captives back, VICTORIAE LAET PRINC PERP, Two victories facing one another, R4!!!,
avers:- DN-CRISPO-NOB-CAES, 5b,B5, Laurate, curiassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIAE-LAET-PRINC-PERP, Two victories facing one another, holding shield inscribed VOT/PR over altar two captives back in exergo.
exergo: -/-//two captives back, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,91g, axis: 0h,
mint: Lugdunum, (Lyon), date: 319-320 AD., ref: RIC-VII-075, p-127, R4, altar mint: c,
Q-001
quadrans
Lugdunum_RIC_VII_086,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_CRISPVS-NOB-CAES-_VICTORIAE-LAET-PRINC-PERP_VOT-PR_P-2captives-L_-p-128_R5_320-AD_Q-001_7h_17-19mm_2,74g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC VII 086, AE-3 Follis, -/-//P-two captives back-L, VICTORIAE LAET PRINC PERP, Two victories facing one another, R5 !!!,115 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC VII 086, AE-3 Follis, -/-//P-two captives back-L, VICTORIAE LAET PRINC PERP, Two victories facing one another, R5 !!!,
avers:- CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, 5b,B4, Laurate, draped and curiassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIAE-LAET-PRINC-PERP, Two victories facing one another, holding shield inscribed VOT/PR over altar two captives back in exergo and P-L.
exergo: -/-//P-two captives back-L, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,74g, axis:7h,
mint: Lugdunum, (Lyon), date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-86, p-128, R5 !!!, altar mint: e,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Lugdunum_RIC_VII_116,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis-Silvered_D-N-CRISPO-NOB-CAES-5a-B1_VIRTVS-EXERCIT_VOT-XX_C-R_2captives_PLG_p130_R1_321-AD__Q-001_h_19-20mm_2_84ga-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC VII 116, AE-3 Follis, C/R//PLG, VIRTVS EXERCIT, VOT/XX, C-R, R1!112 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC VII 116, AE-3 Follis, C/R//PLG, VIRTVS EXERCIT, VOT/XX, C-R, R1!
avers:- DN-CRISPO-NOB-CAES, 5a, B1, Laureate bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, C and R left and right side in fields.
exergo: C/R//PLG, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,84g, axis: 1h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 321 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-116, p-130, R1!
Q-001
quadrans
Lugdunum_RIC_VII_204,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis-Silvered_D-N-CRISPO-NOB-CAES-5a-B1_BEATA-TRAN-QVILLITAS_VOT--IS-XX_PLG_p134_R4_323-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC VII 204, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PLG, BEATA-TRAN-QVILLITAS, Globe on altar, R4!!!86 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC VII 204, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PLG, BEATA-TRAN-QVILLITAS, Globe on altar, R4!!!
avers:- DN-CRISPO-NOB-CAES, 5a, B1, Laureate bust right.
revers:- BEATA-TRAN-QVILLITAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VOT/IS/XX, above, three stars.
exergo: -/-//PLG, diameter: -mm, weight:-g, axis:-h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 323 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-204, p-134, R4!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Nicomedia_RIC_VII_032,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_D-N-FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S_palm-left-field_S-dot_SMN_r2_317-20-AD_Q-001_19mm_3,80ga-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Nicomedia, RIC VII 032, AE-3 Follis, palm/S over•//SMN, PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Jupiter standing left, R2!!95 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Nicomedia, RIC VII 032, AE-3 Follis, palm/S over•//SMN, PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Jupiter standing left, R2!!
avers:- D-N-FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, 5b, B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S, Jupiter stg. left, chlamys across left shoulder, leaning on sceptre, holding Victory on globe. Palm in the left field at foot, S over • in right field.
exergo: palm/S over•//SMN, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,80g, axis: 6h,
mint: Nicomedia, date: 317-320 AD., ref: RIC-VII-32, p604, R2!!
Q-001
quadrans
Sirmium_RIC_VII_049,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES-5-B1_ALEMANI-A-DEVICTA_dot-SIRM-dot_p475-c2_324-25-AD__Q-001_6h_19mm_2,94g-zs.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Sirmium, RIC VII 049, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•SIRM•, ALEMANIA DEVICTA, Victory advancing right, #176 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Sirmium, RIC VII 049, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•SIRM•, ALEMANIA DEVICTA, Victory advancing right, #1
avers:- FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES-5-B1, Laureate head right.
rever:- ALEMANI-A-DEVICTA, Victory advancing right, stepping on captive, holding trophy and palm.
exergo: -/-//•SIRM•, diameter: 18-19,5mm, weight: 2,94g, axis: 6h,
mint: Sirmium, date: 324-325 AD., ref: RIC-VII-49-p475, C2,
Q-001
quadrans
Sirmium_RIC_VII_049,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES-5-B1_ALEMANI-A-DEVICTA_dot-SIRM-dot_p475-c2_324-25-AD__Q-002_0h_19-19,5mm_2,75g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Sirmium, RIC VII 049, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•SIRM•, ALEMANIA DEVICTA, Victory advancing right, #2112 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Sirmium, RIC VII 049, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•SIRM•, ALEMANIA DEVICTA, Victory advancing right, #2
avers: FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES-5-B1, Laureate head right.
rever: ALEMANI-A-DEVICTA, Victory advancing right, stepping on captive, holding trophy and palm.
exergo: -/-//•SIRM•, diameter: 19-19,5mm, weight: 2,75g, axis: 0h,
mint: Sirmium, date: 324-325 AD., ref: RIC-VII-49-p475, C2,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Siscia_RIC_VII_---,_142_Crispus_AE-Follis_IV-L-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESS-5_VIRTVS-EXERCIT-G8l_VOT-X-S-F_-SIS-star_Unofficial_p438_3rd-off_320-AD_R4_Q-001_6h_18mm_2,35gx-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia ??? Unofficial !!!, RIC VII ???, AE-3 Follis, S/F/ SIS•, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Rare!97 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia ??? Unofficial !!!, RIC VII ???, AE-3 Follis, S/F/ SIS•, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Rare!
avers:- IV-L-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F/ SIS•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,35g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia ???, -off, date: 320 ??? A.D., ref: RIC-VII-Unofficial!!!, -p-,
Q-001
quadrans
Siscia_RIC_VII_113,_142_Crispus_AE-Follis_IV-L-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESS-5_VIRTVS-EXERCIT-G8l_VOT-X-S-F_Gamma-SIS-star_p438_3rd-off_320-AD_R4_Q-001_6h_19mm_3,24gx-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 113, AE-3 Follis, S/F/ΓSIS, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R4!!!116 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 113, AE-3 Follis, S/F/ΓSIS, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R4!!!
avers:- IV-L-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F/ΓSIS, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,24g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 3rd-off, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-113-p438,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Siscia_RIC_VII_113,_142_Crispus_AE-Follis_IV-L-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAES(5)_VIRTVS-EXERCIT(G8l)_VOT-X_S-F_Gamma-SIS-star_p438_2nd-off_320-AD_R4_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 113, AE-3 Follis, S/F/BSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R3!!!125 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 113, AE-3 Follis, S/F/BSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R3!!!
avers:- IV-L-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F/BSIS*, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd.-off, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-113-p-438,
Q-001
quadrans
Siscia_RIC_VII_123,_142_Crispus_AE-Follis_IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAESS-5a_VIRTVS-EXERCIT-G8l_VOT-X_S-F-HL_Delta-SIS-star_p439_4th-off_320-AD_R3_Q-001_6h_20,5mm_3,07ga-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 123, AE-3 Follis, S/F over HL/ΔSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R3!!!129 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 123, AE-3 Follis, S/F over HL/ΔSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R3!!!
avers:- IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F over HL/ΔSIS*, diameter: 20,5mm, weight: 3,½7g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 4th-off, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-123-p439, R3!!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Siscia_RIC_VII_130,_142_Crispus_AE-Follis_IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAESS-5a_VIRTVS-EXERCIT-G8l_VOT-X_S-F-HL_Gamma-SIS-star-in-crecent_p-440_3rd-off_320-AD_R1_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 130, AE-3 Follis, S/F over HL/ΓSIS*increscent, R1! #1102 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 130, AE-3 Follis, S/F over HL/ΓSIS*increscent, R1! #1
avers:- IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F over HL/ΓSIS*in crescent, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 3rd-off, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-130-p-440, R1!
Q-001
quadrans
Siscia_RIC_VII_131,_142_Crispus_AE-Follis_IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAES(5)_VIRTVS-EXERCIT(G8l)_VOT-X_S-F-HL_Gamma-SIS-star-in_cresc_p440_2nd-off_320-AD_R5_Q-001_0h_17,4-18,7mm_2,56g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 130, AE-3 Follis, S/F over HL/ΓSIS*increscent, R1! #2170 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 130, AE-3 Follis, S/F over HL/ΓSIS*increscent, R1! #2
avers:- IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F over HL/ΓSIS*in crescent, diameter: 17,4-18,7mm, weight: 2,56g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 3rd-off, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-130-p-440, R1!
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Siscia_RIC_VII_130v,_142_Crispus_AE-Follis_IV-L-CRISPVS-NOB-CAESS-5a_VIRTVS-EXERCIT-G8l_VOT-X_S-F-HL_Delta-SIS-star-on-crescent_p440_4th-off_320-AD_R1_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 130v, AE-3 Follis, S/F over HL/ΓSIS*increscent, R1! #3104 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 130v, AE-3 Follis, S/F over HL/ΓSIS*increscent, R1! #3
avers:- IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F over HL/ΓSIS*in crescent, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 3rd-off, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-130v(IV-L..)-p-440, R1!
Q-001
quadrans
Siscia_RIC_VII_161,_142_Crispus_AE-Follis_IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-C-5_CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM-B1_VOT-dot-V_in-Wreath_Gamma-SIS-star_3rd-off_320-321-AD_C1_Q-001_h_19mm_3,11ga-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 161, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΓSIS*, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V, C1!,79 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 161, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΓSIS*, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V, C1!,
avers:- IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-C, 5, B1, Laureate, head right.
revers:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, Wreath VOT/•/ V with in.
exergo: -/-//ΓSIS*, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,11g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320-321 AD., ref: RIC-VII-161, p-444, 3rd. off., c1,
Q-001
quadrans
Siscia_RIC_VII_161,_142_Crispus_AE-Follis_IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-C-5-B1_CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM_VOT_V_in-Wreath_D-SIS-star_p-444_4th-off_320-321-AD_R1_Q-001_6h_18,5-19,5mm_2,90g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 161, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS*, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V, R1!81 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 161, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS*, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V, R1!
avers:- IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-C, 5, B1, Laureate, head right.
revers:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, Wreath VOT/•/ V with in.
exergo: -/-//ΔSIS*, diameter:18,5-19,5mm, weight: 2,90g, axis:6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320-321 AD., ref: RIC-VII-161, p-444, 4th. off., R1!
Q-001
quadrans
Siscia_RIC_VII_175,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM-VOT-dot-X_DeltaSISPalmbranch_p-445_321-24_AD_Q-001_h_19-21mm_ga-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 175, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS palm branch, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X, R3!86 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 175, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS palm branch, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X, R3!
avers:- IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-C, 5, B1, Laureate, head right.
revers:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, Wreath VOT/•/X with in.
exergo: -/-//ΔSIS palm branch, diameter:19,0-21,0mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Siscia, date: 321-324 AD., ref: RIC-VII-175, p-445, 4th. off., R3!,
Q-001
quadrans
Siscia_RIC_VII_181,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-C-5-B1_CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM-VOT-dot-X_DeltaSISradiatedcircle_p-446_321-AD_Q-001_6h_18,5mm_3,01g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 181, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS radiated circle, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X,88 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 181, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS radiated circle, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X,
avers:- IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-C, 5, B1, Laureate, head right.
revers:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, Wreath VOT/•/X with in.
exergo: -/-//ΔSIS radiated circle, diameter:18,5mm, weight: 3,01g, axis:6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320-321 AD., ref: RIC-VII-181, p-446, 4th. off., C1,
Q-001
quadrans
Thessalonica_RIC_VII_036v,_142_Crispus_AE-3-__Silv__DN-FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES_VOT-_V__MVLT-X____CAESS_TS_Delta__Not-in-Delta-off_-p504-4-off__R_Q-001_h_18mm_2,54gxa-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 036, (var???), AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS•Δ•, VOT•V•/MVLT X•/•/ CAESS, Very Rare, this officina NOT in RIC !!!101 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 036, (var???), AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS•Δ•, VOT•V•/MVLT X•/•/ CAESS, Very Rare, this officina NOT in RIC !!!
Crispus (317-326 A.D.) AE-3-Follis, silvered, RIC has no exact match for this coin. Shares obverse legend of #37 and bust type of #38
avers: DN-FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers: VOT•V•/MVLT X•/•/ CAESS, Wreath, legend within.
exe: -/-//TS•Δ•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,54g, axis:11h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 317-318 A.D., ref: RIC-36-37-38 variation, RIC-36v-not-listed-Delta-off.-p504-4th.-off.,
Q-001
quadrans
Thessalonica_RIC_VII_036,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_Silvered_DN-FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES_VOT-V_MVLT-X_dot_CAESS_TSdotEdot_p504-4th_-off__R_Q-001_6h_18-18,5mm_2,87g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 036, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS•E•, VOT V /MVLT X/•/CAESS, #184 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 036, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS•E•, VOT V /MVLT X/•/CAESS, #1
avers:- DN-FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VOT V /MVLT X/•/CAESS, Wreath, legend within.
exe: -/-//TS•E•, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 2,87g, axis:6h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 317-318 A.D., ref: RIC-36, p504,
Q-001
quadrans
Thessalonica_RIC_VII_036,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_Silvered_DN-FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES_VOT-dotVdot_MVLT-X-dot_CAESS_TSdotEdot_p504-4th_-off__R_Q-001_6h_18,5mm_3,32g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 036, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS•E•, VOT•V•/MVLT X•/CAESS, #186 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 036, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS•E•, VOT•V•/MVLT X•/CAESS, #1
avers:- DN-FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VOT•V•/MVLT X•/CAESS, Wreath, legend within.
exe: -/-//TS•E•, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 3,32g, axis:6h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 317-318 A.D., ref: RIC-36, p504,
Q-001
quadrans
Thessalonica_RIC_VII_038,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_Silvered_CRISPVS-NOBILISS-CAES_VOT-_-V-__MVLT-_-X-__CAESS_TS-_-E-__p504-4th_-off__R3_318-AD_Q-001_0h_18,5-19mm_3,62g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 038, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS•E•, VOT•V•/MVLT•X•/CAESS, Rare!, #183 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 038, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS•E•, VOT•V•/MVLT•X•/CAESS, Rare!, #1
avers: CRISPVS-NOBILISS-CAES, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers: VOT•V•/MVLT•X•/CAESS, Wreath, legend within.
exe: -/-//TS•E•, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 3,62g, axis:0h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 318 A.D., ref: RIC-38, p504, Rare ! (R3),
Q-001
quadrans
Thessalonica_RIC_VII_091,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_CRISPVS-NOB-CAES-5b-B4_CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM_VOT_V_TSDeltaVI_p-509_R4_320-AD_Q-001_11h_19x20mm_2,49ga-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 091, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS-Δ-VI, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/V, Rare (R4)!!!80 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 091, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS-Δ-VI, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/V, Rare (R4)!!!
avers:- CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, 5, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
revers:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, arround VOT/V.
exergo: -/-//TSΔVI, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,49g, axis: 11h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 320-321 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-091, p-509, Rare (R4)!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Thessalonica_RIC_VII_113,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES_CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM_VOT-V-_TSDeltaVI_RR_320-AD_Q-001_h_18-19mm_3,24gx-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 113, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TSΔVI, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/ V, R4!!!80 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 113, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TSΔVI, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/ V, R4!!!
avers:- FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, 5,B4.l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
revers:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, Wreath VOT/ V with in.
exergo: -/-//TSΔVI, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,24g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-113, p-512, 4th.off., R4!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Thessalonica_RIC_VII_121,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES-leg_var_-118-5-B4_l-_CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM_VOT-dot-X_TSDeltaVI_320-AD_Q-002_h_18-19mm_3,24gx-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 125, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS-Δ-VI, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X, in wreath, 81 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 125, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS-Δ-VI, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X, in wreath,
avers:- FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, 5b, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
revers:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, Wreath VOT/•/ X with in, dot in badge at the top.
exergo: -/-//TSΔVI, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,24g, axis: h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 320-321 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-125, p-512,
Q-001
quadrans
Thessalonica_RIC_VII_155,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAESS_SMTSGamma_326-AD_S_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 155, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMTSΓ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate, Scarce! #189 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 155, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMTSΓ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate, Scarce! #1
avers: IVL CRISPVS NOB C, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets and star above. Closed doors, six rows of bricks.
exergue: -/-//SMTSΓ, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 155, Sear 16803, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Ticinum_RIC_VII_093,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-C-5-C3_VICTORIAE-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP_VOT-PR_C_PT_p-373_R3_319-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 093, AE-3 Follis, C//PT, VICTORIAE LAET PRINC PERP, Two victories facing one another, R3!!!, #187 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 093, AE-3 Follis, C//PT, VICTORIAE LAET PRINC PERP, Two victories facing one another, R3!!!, #1
avers:- FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-C,, 5,C3, Radiate, draped and curiassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIAE-LAET-PRINC-PERP, Two victories facing one another, holding shield inscribed VOT/PR over altar, C on altar.
exergo: C//PT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-093, p-373, altar mint: C, R3!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Ticinum_RIC_VII_093,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-C-5-C3_VICTORIAE-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP_VOT-PR_C_PT_p-373_R3_319-AD_Q-002_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 093, AE-3 Follis, C//PT, VICTORIAE LAET PRINC PERP, Two victories facing one another, R3!!!, #285 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 093, AE-3 Follis, C//PT, VICTORIAE LAET PRINC PERP, Two victories facing one another, R3!!!, #2
avers:- FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-C,, 5,C3, Radiate, draped and curiassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIAE-LAET-PRINC-PERP, Two victories facing one another, holding shield inscribed VOT/PR over altar, C on altar.
exergo: C//PT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-093, p-373, altar mint: C, R3!!!
Q-002
quadrans
Ticinum_RIC_VII_117,_142_Crispus_AE-Follis_CRISPVS-NOB-CAESS-5_VIRTVS-EXERCIT-G8l_VOT-XX_TT_p-377_3rd-off_320-AD_R2_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 117, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TT, VOT/XX, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R2!!91 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 117, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TT, VOT/XX, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R2!!
avers:- CR-ISPVS-NOB-CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: -/-//TT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Ticinum, 3rd.-off, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-117-p-377, R2!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Ticinum_RIC_VII_148,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_CRISPVS-NOB-CAES-5a-B5_DOMINORVM-NOSTRORVM-CAESS_VOT-dot-V_PT_p-380_R2_320-1-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 148, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PT, DOMINORVM-NOSTRORVM-CAESS, VOT/•/V, R2!!!85 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 148, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PT, DOMINORVM-NOSTRORVM-CAESS, VOT/•/V, R2!!!
avers:- CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, 5a, B5, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- DOMINORVM-NOSTRORVM-CAESS, Wreath VOT/•/ V with in.
exergo: -/-//PT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 320-321 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-148, p-380, 1st. off., R2!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Ticinum_RIC_VII_153,_142_Crispus_AE-Follis_CRISPVS-NOB-CAES_5a_DOMINOR-dot-NOSTROR-dot-CAESS_B5_VOT-dot-V_in-Wreath_PT_1st-off_320-321-AD_R4_Q-001_0h_18-19mm_2,34ga-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 153, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PT, DOMINOR•NOSTROR•CAESS, VOT/•/V, R4!!!83 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 153, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PT, DOMINOR•NOSTROR•CAESS, VOT/•/V, R4!!!
avers:- CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, Diademed (laureate) cuirassed bust right.
revers:- DOMINOR•NOSTROR•CAESS, VOT/•/V, in wreath.
exerg: -/-//PT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Ticinum, date: , ref: RIC VII 153 p-153,
Q-001
quadrans
Treveri_RIC_VII_139,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES-5b-B4_PRINCIPI-I-VVENTVTIS_T-F_BTR_p175_317-AD_Q-001_5h_19,5-20,5mm_3_27g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Treveri, RIC VII 139, AE-3 Follis, T/F//BTR, PRINCIPI•I VVENTVTIS, Crispus, laureate, in military dress right, #1113 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Treveri, RIC VII 139, AE-3 Follis, T/F//BTR, PRINCIPI•I VVENTVTIS, Crispus, laureate, in military dress right, #1
avers:- FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES (5b,B4), Laureated, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PRINCIPI•I VVENTVTIS, Crispus, laureate, in military dress, cloak spread, standing right holding transverse spear and globe.
exerg: T/F//BTR, diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 3,27g, axis: 5h,
mint: Treveri, date: 317 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-139, p-175,
Q-001
quadrans
Treveri_RIC_VII_372,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES_BEATA-TRANQVILLITAS_VO-TIS-XX_dotPTRdot_p197_C3_322-3-AD_Q-001_0h_19,5mm_2,51ga-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Treveri, RIC VII 372, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•PTR•, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, VO/TIS/XX, C3!97 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Treveri, RIC VII 372, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•PTR•, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, VO/TIS/XX, C3!
avers:- IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, Laureated and cuirassed bust left, spear across right shoulder, decorated shield on the left arm.
revers:- BEATA-TRANQVILLITAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VO/TIS/XX, above, three stars.
exerg: -/-//•PTR•, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 2,51g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Treveri, date: 322-323 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-372, p-197, C3!,
Q-001
quadrans
Treveri_RIC_VII_372,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES_BEATA-TRANQVILLITAS_VO-TIS-XX_dotSTRdot_p197_C3_322-3-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Treveri, RIC VII 372, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•STR•, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, VO/TIS/XX, #189 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Treveri, RIC VII 372, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•STR•, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, VO/TIS/XX, #1
avers:- IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, Laureated and cuirassed bust left, spear across right shoulder, decorated shield on the left arm. The sash visible on the bust.
revers:- BEATA-TRANQVILLITAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VO/TIS/XX, above, three stars.
exerg: -/-//•STR•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Treveri, date: 322-323 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-372, p-197,
Q-001
quadrans
Treveri_RIC_VII_372,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES_BEATA-TRANQVILLITAS_VO-TIS-XX_dotSTRdot_p197_C3_322-3-AD_Q-002_h_mm_g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Treveri, RIC VII 372, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•STR•, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, VO/TIS/XX, #282 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Treveri, RIC VII 372, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•STR•, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, VO/TIS/XX, #2
avers:- IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, Laureated and cuirassed bust left, spear across right shoulder, decorated shield on the left arm. The sash visible on the bust.
revers:- BEATA-TRANQVILLITAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VO/TIS/XX, above, three stars.
exerg: -/-//•STR•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Treveri, date: 322-323 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-372, p-197,
Q-002
quadrans
Henry_VI_AR_Halfpenny.JPG
1422 - 1461, HENRY VI (First Reign), AR Halfpenny, Struck 1430 - 1434 at Calais, France30 viewsObverse: HENRICVS (pinecone) REX (mascle) ANGL. Crowned facing bust of Henry VI within circle of pellets. Mintmark: Cross patonce in legend.
Reverse: VIL(mascle)LA CALISIE (pinecone). Long cross pattée dividing legend around inner circle of pellets into quarters, trefoil in each quarter of circle.
Diameter: 15mm | Weight: 0.45gms
SPINK: 1885

This issue of coins is known as the pinecone-mascle issue because these symbols are incorporated in the obverse and reverse legends. This issue was struck between 1430 and 1434 at the mints of London and Calais.

Henry VI was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471. The only child of Henry V, he succeeded to the English throne at the age of nine months when his father died.
This was during the period of the long-running Hundred Years' War (1337–1453) and Henry is the only English monarch to also have been crowned King of France (as Henri II), in 1431. During his early reign several people were ruling for him and by the time Henry was declared fit to rule in 1437 he found his realm in a difficult position, faced with setbacks in France and divisions among the nobility at home. Henry is described as timid, shy, passive, well-intentioned, and averse to warfare and violence; he was also at times mentally unstable. Partially in the hope of achieving peace, Henry married the ambitious and strong-willed Margaret of Anjou in 1445. The peace policy failed and the war recommenced with France taking the upper hand such that by 1453 Calais was Henry's only remaining territory on the continent.
With Henry effectively unfit to rule, Queen Margaret took advantage of the situation to make herself an effective power behind the throne. Starting around 1453 Henry began suffering a series of mental breakdowns and tensions mounted between Margaret and Richard of York, not only over control of the incapacitated king's government, but over the question of succession to the throne. Civil war broke out in 1459, leading to a long period of dynastic conflict, now known as the Wars of the Roses. Henry was deposed on 29th March 1461 after a crushing defeat at the Battle of Towton by Richard of York's son, who took the throne as Edward IV. Margaret continuing to resist Edward, but Henry was captured by Edward's forces in 1465 and imprisoned in the Tower of London.
Queen Margaret, who was first exiled in Scotland and then in France, was still determined to win back the throne on behalf of her husband and son. So, when Edward IV fell out with two of his main supporters, Richard Neville the Earl of Warwick and George the Duke of Clarence, Margaret formed a secret alliance with them backed by Louis XI of France. Warwick returned with an army to England, forced Edward IV into exile, and restored Henry VI to the throne on 30th October 1470, though Henry's position was nominal as Warwick and Clarence effectively ruled in his name.
But Henry's return to the throne lasted less than six months. Warwick overreached himself by declaring war on Burgundy, whose ruler responded by giving Edward IV the assistance he needed to win back his throne by force. Edward retook power in 1471, killing Warwick at the Battle of Barnet and Henry's only son at the Battle of Tewkesbury. Henry was again imprisoned in the Tower where, during the night of 21st May he died, possibly killed on Edward's orders.
2 comments*Alex
heraclea18.jpg
143 Constantine II15 viewsobv: DN FL CL CONSTNTINVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l. holding scepter and mappa
ex: MHT(epsilon)
hill132
Delmatius_AE-Follis_FL-DEMATIVS-NOB-C-10_GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS-B4-3rd_-off_-R3_dot-Gamma-SIS-dot_RIC-VII-239-p456_Siscia_334-335-AD_Q-001_0h_17,5mm_2,38gs.jpg
143 Delmatius (335-337 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 239, AE-4, -/-//•ΓSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R3!!!,95 views143 Delmatius (335-337 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 239, AE-4, -/-//•ΓSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R3!!!,
avers: F L DEMATIVS NOB C, 10,B4, laureate draped bust right.
reverse: GLOR IA EXERC ITVS, Two soldiers bearing with spears and shields with two standards between them with O on banner.
exergue: -/-//•ΓSIS•, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,38g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 334-335 AD., ref: RIC VII 239, p-456, R3!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Delmatius_AE-Follis_FL-DEMATIVS-NOB-C_GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS_dot-A-SIS-dot_RIC-239_C-xx_Q-001_17mm_2_18g-s.jpg
143 Delmatius (335-337 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 239, AE-4, -/-//•ASIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R4!!!,104 views143 Delmatius (335-337 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 239, AE-4, -/-//•ASIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R4!!!,
avers: F L DEMATIVS NOB C, 10,B4, laureate draped bust right.
reverse: GLOR IA EXERC ITVS, Two soldiers bearing with spears and shields with two standards between them with O on banner.
exergue: -/-//•ASIS•, (or • Δ SIS •)? diameter: 17mm, weight: 2,18g, axis: 7h,
mint: Siscia, date: 334-335 AD., ref: RIC VII 239, p-456, R4!!! (or, R5?)
Q-001
quadrans
Delmatius_AE-Follis_FL-DELMATIVS-NOB-C_GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS_A-SIS_RIC-VII-256-p458_Siscia_335-36-AD_NF-001_axis-6h_15,5mm_1,48ga-s.jpg
143 Delmatius (335-337 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 256B, AE-4, -/-//BSIS, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers, one standard, R1! #1107 views143 Delmatius (335-337 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 256B, AE-4, -/-//BSIS, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers, one standard, R1! #1
avers: FL DELMATIVS NOB C, 10,B4, Laureate draped bust right.
reverse: GLOR IA EXERC ITVS, Two soldiers bearing with spears and shields with one standards between them with O on banner.
exergue: -/-//BSIS, diameter: 15,5mm, weight: 1,48g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 334-335 AD., ref: RIC VII 256B, p-458, R1!,
Q-001
quadrans
143_Delmatius,_Siscia,_RIC_VII_256B,_AE-4,_FL_DELMATIVS_NOB_C,_GLOR_IA_EXERC_ITVS,_BSIS,_335-6AD,_Q-001,_6h,_16mm,_1,35g-s.jpg
143 Delmatius (335-337 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 256B, AE-4, -/-//BSIS, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers, one standard, R1! #2151 views143 Delmatius (335-337 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 256B, AE-4, -/-//BSIS, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers, one standard, R1! #2
avers: FL DELMATIVS NOB C, 10,B4, Laureate draped bust right.
reverse: GLOR IA EXERC ITVS, Two soldiers bearing with spears and shields with one standards between them with O on banner.
exergue: -/-//BSIS, diameter: 16,0mm, weight: 1,35g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 334-335 AD., ref: RIC VII 256B, p-458, R1!,
Q-002
quadrans
heraclea19.jpg
144 Constantine II16 viewsobv: DN FL CL CONSTANTINVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l. holding scepter and mappa
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with three turrents no star
ex: .MHT(epsilon).
hill132
heraclea20.jpg
145 Constantine II12 viewsobv: DN FL CL CONSTANTINVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l. holding scepter and mappa
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with three turrents no star
ex:-.//SMH(epsilon)
hill132
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAESS_TACrescentRL_RIC-VII-289_3rd-off_-7-B4l__C-_Arles_325-6-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-0h_19,5mm_3,09g-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 289, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TAᴗRL, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, Scarce!113 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 289, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TAᴗRL, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, Scarce!
avers: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, 7, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate, two turrets, no doors, star above 6th levels of stone layers.
exergue: -/-//TAᴗRL, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 3,09g, axis: 0h,
mint: Arleate, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 289, p-265, 3rd-off, Scarce,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_VIRTVS-CAESS_TACrescentRL_RIC-VII-294_3rd-off_-7-B4l__C-_Arles_294-p-265_325-6-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 294, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TAᴗRL, VIRTVS CAESS, Campgate with four turrets,73 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 294, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TAᴗRL, VIRTVS CAESS, Campgate with four turrets,
avers: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, 7, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: VIRTVS CAES S, Campgate, four turrets, open doors, star above 9th levels of stone layers.
exergue: -/-//TAᴗRL, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Arleate, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 294, p-265,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_VIRTVS-CAESS_S-F_ARLT_RIC-VII-315_Arles_327-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 315, AE-3 Follis, S/F//ARLT, VIRTVS CAESS, Campgate with four turrets,119 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 315, AE-3 Follis, S/F//ARLT, VIRTVS CAESS, Campgate with four turrets,
avers: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: VIRTVS CAES S, Campgate, four turrets, open doors, star above 6th levels of stone layers.
exergue: S/F//ARLT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Arleate, date: 327 A.D., ref: RIC VII 315, p-265,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES___CONS_RIC-VII-27-var_3rd-off_-7-B4-not-listed-bust_Costantinoplis_327-8-AD__Q-001_axis-0h_19mm_3,55g-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Constantinopolis, RIC VII 020, AE-3 Follis, Γ/-//CONS, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, R3!!!173 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Constantinopolis, RIC VII 020, AE-3 Follis, Γ/-//CONS, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, R3!!!
avers: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, 7, B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed head right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate, two turrets, no doors, star above 6th levels of stone layers, Γ in left fields.
exergue: Γ/-//CONS, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,03g, axis: 0h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: 327 AD., ref: RIC VII 020, p-572, 3rd-off, R3 !!!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_DN-FL-CL-CONSTANTINVS-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES__SMHDelta_RIC-VII-46_p-547_Heraclea_316-17-AD_R4_Q-001_6h_18mm_2,97g-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 046, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•SMHΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Campgate with three turrets, R4!!! #161 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 046, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•SMHΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Campgate with three turrets, R4!!! #1
avers: D N FL CL CONSTANTINVS NOB C, (7, J1l.), Laureate, draped bust left, globe and sceptre in left hand, mappa in right hand.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with three turrets, no doors, 6 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//•SMHΔ, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,97g, axis: 6h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 046, p-547, R4!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES_SMHGamma_RIC-VII-77_p-551_Heraclea_325-6-AD_R1_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 077, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHΓ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #161 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 077, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHΓ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, (7, B4), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, 7 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//SMHΓ, diameter: mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 077, p-551,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-II__AE3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES_SMHA_RIC-VII-77_p-551_Heraclea_325-6-AD_R1_Q-001_5h_19-17,5mm_2,79ga-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 077, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHA, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, R1! #161 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 077, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHA, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, R1! #1
avers: CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, (7, B4), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, 8 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//SMHA, diameter: 19-17,5mm, weight: 2,79g, axis: 5h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 077, p-551, 3rd-off, R1!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES_RwreathT_RIC-VII-288_p-330_Roma_326-AD_R2_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VII 289, AE-3 Follis, -/-//R wreath T, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate, two turrets, #165 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VII 289, AE-3 Follis, -/-//R wreath T, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate, two turrets, #1
avers: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, (7, B4l), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate, two turrets, no doors, star above 6th. levels of stone layers.
exergue: -/-//R wreath T, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 289, p-330,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES_ESIS-CrescinCresc_RIC-VII-216_p-452_Siscia_328-29-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 216, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ЄSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES, Campgate, two turrets, #162 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 216, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ЄSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES, Campgate, two turrets, #1
avers: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, 7, B1, Laureate, head right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES, Campgate, two turrets, no doors, star above 10th levels of stone layers.
exergue: -/-//ЄSISᴗ in ᴗ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 216, p-551, 3rd-off, R1!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES_ANT___RIC-VII-_p-__-AD__Q-001_11h_19-20mm_3,28gx-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VII 157, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMTSΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate, two turrets, #162 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VII 157, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMTSΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate, two turrets, #1
avers: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate, two turrets, no doors, star above 6th. levels of stone layers.
exergue: -/-//SMTSΔ, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 3,28g, axis: 11h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 326-328 A.D., ref: RIC VII 157, p-519,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS_SMKGamma_RIC-80_3rd-off_-(7-B4)_Cyzicus_331-4-AD_R5_Q-001_6h_17,5mm_3,05ga-s.jpg
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 080, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKΓ, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R5!!!92 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 080, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKΓ, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R5!!!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- GLOR-IA-EXER-CITVS, Two soldiers helmeted, standing faceing one another, spear in outer hand, inner hand on shield set on ground, between them two standards.
exe: -/-//SMKΓ, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,05g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 330-335 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-080-p-655, R5!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II_AE-3_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS_SMNGamma_RIC-VII-189-p-633-7-B5_Nicomedia_330-33-AD_R2_Q-001_7h_17,5mm_1,93g-s.jpg
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Nicomedia, RIC VII 189, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMNΓ, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R2!68 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Nicomedia, RIC VII 189, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMNΓ, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R2!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- GLOR-IA-EXER-CITVS, Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.
exe: -/-//SMNΓ, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 1,93g, axis: 7h,
mint: Nicomedia, date: 330-335 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-189-p-633, R2!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_GLOR-IA-EXER-CITVS_SMNB_RIC-VII-189-p-633_2nd-off-7-B5_Nicomedia_330-5AD_R1_Q-001_axis-11h_16,5-17,5mm_2,52g-s.jpg
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Nicomedia, RIC VII 189, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMNB, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R1!186 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Nicomedia, RIC VII 189, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMNB, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R1!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- GLOR-IA-EXER-CITVS, Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.
exe: -/-//SMNB, diameter: 16,5-17,5mm, weight: 2,52g, axis: 11h,
mint: Nicomedia, date: 330-335 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-189-p-633, R1!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Silv-Follis_DN-FL-CL-CONSTANTINVS-NOB-C_IOVI-CONSER-VATORI-CAESS_Wr-H_SMK_RICVII12-p644_8thoff_-7j1_l__Cyzicus_317-20AD__Q-001_axis-6h_18-20mm_2,69g-s.jpg
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), RIC VII 012, Cyzicus, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMK, CONSERVATORI CAESS, R4!!!,272 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), RIC VII 012, Cyzicus, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMK, CONSERVATORI CAESS, R4!!!,
avers:- DN-FL-CL-CONSTANTINVS-NOB-C, 7,J1 l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI-CONSER-VATORI-CAESS, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; wreath in left and H in right in field.
exergo: -/-//SMK, diameter: 18-20mm, weight: 2,69g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 8th. off., date: 317-320 AD., ref: RIC-VII-12, p-644, r4,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Silvered_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-CAES_CLARITAS-REIPVBLICAE_Delta-SIS_RIC-VII-37-p-428_Siscia_317-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_20-20,5mm_3,00ga-s.jpg
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), RIC VII 037, Siscia, AE-3 Follis, -/-// Δ-SIS, CLARITAS REIPVBLICAE, Sol standing left, R3!!!94 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), RIC VII 037, Siscia, AE-3 Follis, -/-// Δ-SIS, CLARITAS REIPVBLICAE, Sol standing left, R3!!!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-CAES-7-B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CLARITAS-REIPVBLICAE, Sol standing left, rising right hand, globe in left hand, chlamys across left shoulder.
exe: -/-// Δ-SIS, diameter: 20-20,5 mm, weight: 3,00g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 317 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-037-p-428, R3!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_ALEMANI-A-DEVICTA_dot-SIRM-dot_RIC-VII-51_r1_p475-7b-B4_Sirmium_324-5-AD__Q-001_axis-11h_17-19mm_2,85ga-s.jpg
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), RIC VII 051, Sirmium, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•SIRM•, ALEMANIA DEVICTA, Victory advancing right, R1!104 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), RIC VII 051, Sirmium, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•SIRM•, ALEMANIA DEVICTA, Victory advancing right, R1!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C-7b-B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- ALEMANI-A-DEVICTA, Victory advancing right, stepping on captive, holding trophy and palm.
exergo: -/-//•SIRM•, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,85g, axis: 11h,
mint: Sirmium, date: 324-325 AD., ref: RIC-VII-51-p475, R1!,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C-7b_VIRTVS-EXERCIT-I1_VOT-X_S-F_Epsilon-SIS-star_RIC-118-p438_5th-off_Siscia_320_AD_R4_Q-001_axis-11h_18,5-20mm_3,02g-s.jpg
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 118, AE-3 Follis, S/F//ЄSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Vexillum and captives, R4!!!,110 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 118, AE-3 Follis, S/F//ЄSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Vexillum and captives, R4!!!,
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C, 7b, I1, Laureate, draped bust left holding Victory on globe and mappa.
rever:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, S-F, Vexillum reading VOT/X; seated captive on either side.
exergo: S/F//ЄSIS*, diameter: 18,5-20mm, weight: 3,02g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-118-p438, R4!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
145_Constantinus_II_,_Siscia,_RIC_VII_126,__#915;,_AE-3,_CONSTANTINVS_IVN_NOB_C,_VIRTVS_EXERCIT,_VOT_X,_S-F-HL,__#915;SISstar,_321-4-AD,_Q-001,_6h,_18,5mm,_3,05g-s.jpg
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 126, AE-3 Follis, S/F/HL//ΓSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT X with two bound captives, R2!!!185 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 126, AE-3 Follis, S/F/HL//ΓSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT X with two bound captives, R2!!!
avers: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate bust left wearing the imperial mantle, holding Victory on globe and mappa.
reverse: VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT X with two bound captives seated to left and right of its base. S in left field, F over HL (ligate) in right field.
exergue: S/F/HL//ΓSIS*, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 3,05g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 321-324 A.D., ref: RIC VII 126, R2!!!,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C-7a_CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM-B1_VOT-dot-V-_Delta-SIS-star_RIC-163_4th-off_-R1_C-x_Siscia_320-321-AD__Q-001_18mm_2,76g-s.jpg
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 163, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS*, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V, #1, R1!179 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 163, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS*, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V, #1, R1!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C, 7a, B1, Laureate head right.
rever:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V in wreath.
exergo: -/-//ΔSIS*, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,03g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320-321 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-163-p444, R1!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C-7a_CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM-B1_VOTdotV_Delta-SIS-star_RIC-163-p444_4th-off_320-321-AD_R1_Q-002_axis-7h_18,5-19,5mm_3,73g-s.jpg
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 163, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS*, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V, #2, R1!207 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 163, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS*, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V, #2, R1!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C, 7a, B1, Laureate head right.
rever:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V in wreath.
exergo: -/-//ΔSIS*, diameter: 18,5-19,5mm, weight: 3,73g, axis: 7h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320-321 AD., ref: RIC-VII-163-p444, R1!,
Q-002
quadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM_VOT-dot-X-_B-SIS-halfcirc_rad__RIC-VII-182,p446_c2-7B1_Siscia_321-4-AD__Q-001_axis-11h_18mm_2,72g-s.jpg
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 182, AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSISsemicircle-with-beams, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X, C3!88 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 182, AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSISsemicircle-with-beams, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X, C3!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C, 7, B1, Laureate head right.
rever:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X in wreath.
exergo: -/-//BSISsemicirclewithbeams, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,72g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: 321-324 AD., ref: RIC-VII-182-p446, C3 !
Q-001