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r955.jpg
85 viewsJulia Domna
Stobi, Macedonia
2 assaria
Obv. Dr bust r, IVLIA - AVGVSTA round.
Rev. Nike walking r, palm over l shoulder, wreath in raised r hand, MVNIC - S - TOBEN round
6.05 gm, 23 mm
Cohen IV 269, SNG Cop 332, Josifovski 212, same dies (V63, R68), citing Vienna 9885 [from whitetd49]
2 commentsManzikert
DenCritFannio.jpg
37 viewsDenarius - 86 B.C. - M. FANNIVS L. CRITONIVS Gens Critonia
Obv.: Head of Ceres right, AED PL behind.
Rev.: The two aedile seated right on subsellium, ear of corn before, PA on left, M FAN L CRT in ex.
g. 3,8 mm. 20,3x18,1
Craw. 351/1, Sear RCV 267
1 commentsMaxentius
SEV ALEX-6.jpg
36 viewsSeverus Alexander - Sestertius - 231 AD.
Ob.: IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate head right
Rev.: ANNONA AVGVSTI S C, Annona standing left holding anchor & grain ears over modius.
gs. 16,1 mm. 29,8
Cohen 36, RIC 549
Maxentius
DECEN-1.jpg
21 viewsDECENTIVS - AE Centenionalis - Lugdunum mint - 351/353
Obv.:DN DECENTIVS NOB CAES, cuirassed bust right
Rev.: VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAE, two Victories standing facing holding shield inscribed VOT V MVLT X, *SV in central field. SRLG in ex.
Gs. 4,7 mm. 21,2
Cohen 43
Maxentius
CLAUD2-2.jpg
26 viewsCLAVDIVS II Gothicus - AE Antoninianus - Mediolanum mint, 268-270 AD
Obv.: IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate draped bust right
Rev.:VICTORIA AVG, Victory running right holding wreath & palm, S in ex.
Gs. 2,9 mm. 21,2
Cohen 302, RIC 171
Maxentius
ELIOGABA-2.jpg
21 viewsELAGABALVS - Denarius - 218 AD.
Obv.: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev.: VICTOR ANTONINI AVG, Victory running right, holding wreath and palm over left shoulder.
Gs. 3,1 mm. 19,6
Cohen 289, RIC 156

Maxentius
Thasos, Thrace hemidrachm, 510-490 BC.jpg
62 viewsISLANDS off THRACE, Thasos. Circa 500-480 BC
AR Drachm (19mm, 2.42 g)
Ithyphallic satyr running right, carrying off protesting nymph
Quadripartite incuse square
Le Rider, Thasiennes 3; SNG Copenhagen 1016; HGC 6, 332
Ardatirion
antoninus-pius_AE-dupondius_abundance_11_80grams_01.jpg
51 viewsAntoninus Pius - AE Dupondius

Roman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius. 138 - 161 AD. AE-Dupondius. Rome Mint.

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II - Radiate head of Antoninus Pius right
rev: TR POT XIX COS IIII - Annona seated right, holding cornucopia; at feet, modius.
'S C' below, in exergue.

25.83mm, 11.80g.
2 commentsrexesq
aajudaeabrit.jpg
31 viewsCaesarea, Paneas. AE23.
Obv : head of Claudius
Rev : His 3 children : Antonia, Britannicus and Octavia

Ref : RPC 4842
Hen-567
This coin type seems questionable to place under the coinage of Agrippa II since the legends do not mention Agrippa and the time of minting does not conform to the other Agrippa II coins. We will notice the absence of Agrippa's name in other issues as well. At the very least, though, it was struck at Caesarea-Paneas, so it is definitely part of the city coinage. It is catalogued in The Numismatic Legacy of the Jews in the city coinage section as #208.
R. Smits, Numismatist for Numismall
Dio_Maddonna!!!_094.JPG
44 viewsAntonio Protti
Macedon__Acanthus_new.JPG
109 viewsMacedon. Acanthus. Late 5th Century – 348 BC. AR Tetrobol (2.16 gm).
Obverse: Forepart of bull running left, head reverted
Reverse: Quadripartite incuse with granular surface.
Ex: Freeman and Sear Fixed Price List 10, lot 152
7 commentspaul1888
Mysia_Kyzikos_edited.jpg
64 viewsMYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 525-475 BC. AR Diobol (0.63 gm; 12 x 10 mm). Forepart of boar left; tunny fish to right / Head of roaring lion left within incuse square. Von Fritze Group II, 9, pl. V, 10-11; SNG France 361-87.1 commentspaul1888
Philip_I_Pax1.jpg
45 viewsROMAN EMPIRE: Philip I (AD 244-249). AR antoninianus (4.70 gm). Rome, AD 244-247. IMP C M IVL PHILIPPVS P F AVG, laureate, draped bust of Philip I right / PAX AETERN, Pax walking left, holding branch raised in right hand, transverse scepter cradled in left arm. RIC 41. RSC 102.
Ex. Freeman and Sear; Ex A. Lynn Collection; Ex CNG store (Stock # 251092)
1 commentspaul1888
Thessaly_Larissa.jpg
80 viewsTHESSALY, Larissa. Circa 356-342 BC. AR Drachm (6.01 gm; 20 mm). Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left / Horse standing right, about to roll; plant below. L-S Group 3; Lorber, Hoard, phase L-III; Herrmann Group VII A; SNG Copenhagen 123 var. (horse left). 3 commentspaul1888
Gordien_III_AR_Antoninien.jpg
102 viewsObv.IMP CAES GORDIANVS PIVS AVG, rayonnent, drapé et cuirassé ŕ droite buste
Rev. ROMEA AETERNAE, Rome assise ŕ gauche avec la victoire et le sceptre _3483
4,43g.,22mm
Antonivs Protti
01042q00.jpg
20 viewsAeolidis, Aegaea. AE18. Circa 43-48, 3.28 gm.
Obv BPITANNIKOC KAICAP Bare head of Britannicus r.
Rev : AIGAEWN EPI CALE / OU Zeus standing l., holding eagle and sceptre.

Ref : RPC 2431 (5 ex known)
R. Smits, Numismatist for Numismall
artid975_combined.jpg
26 viewsJudaea, Procurators. Antonius Felix. 52-59 CE. in the name of Britannicus Caesar (BPIT).
Ć Prutah (16mm, 2.64 gm.). Jerusalem mint. Dated RY 14 of Claudius (54 CE). Two crossed shields / Palm tree.

Ref : Hendin 1348
Meshorer TJC 340
RPC I 4971
GIC 5626
R. Smits, Numismatist for Numismall
antoninus-pius_AE-dupondius_abundance_11_80grams_01_CUT.JPG
32 viewsAntoninus Pius - AE Dupondius

Roman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius. 138 - 161 AD. AE-Dupondius. Rome Mint.

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II - Radiate head of Antoninus Pius right
rev: TR POT XIX COS IIII - Annona seated right, holding cornucopia; at feet, modius.
'S C' below, in exergue.

25.83mm, 11.80g.
rexesq
sb360,29mm1491gpir.jpg
91 viewsObverse: DN IVSTINVS PP AVG (or similar) Justin, on L., and Sophia, on r., seated facing on double throne, both nimbate; he holds gl. cr., she holds cruciform sceptre; rarely with cross between heads.
Reverse: Large M between ANNP and regnal year (G,I) yr 7, cross above, officina letter "deta" below, In ex. CON.
Date: 569/70 CE
Mint: constantinople
Sear 360 DO 22-43
29mm 14.91 gm
wileyc
sb509,18mm590gpir.jpg
18 viewsObverse: DN MAVRC TIB PP AVG or similar, Helmeted sometimes crowned, and cuir. Bust facing, holding gl. cr., and shield.
Reverse: Large K ANNO to left, cross above, regnal yr 3 (III) to rt. but the mint mark sometimes reads TE, TH,TEC or backward S < E< and T, instead of TES.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 584/5 CE
Sear 509, DO 74-90
18mm, 5.90g
wileyc
britannicus01.jpg
47 viewsAE sestertius. Struck under Claudius, circa 50-54 AD, uncertain eastern provincial mint located in the modern-day Balkans.
Obv : TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG F BRITANNICVS, draped bust left.
Rev : - No legend, Mars advancing left, holding spear and shield, SC in fields. 35mm, 19.4g. Extremely Rare.

Ref : BMCRE 226
Cohen 2
RCV 1908, valued at $32,000 in Fine, which is a few multiples greater than any other sestertius issued during the several centuries the denomination was in use.
A large number of the surviving examples of this series (one may even suggest a majority of them), due to their rarity, have been subjected to modern alteration techniques such as smoothing, tooling, and repatination. As such, it's actually pleasant to see a bit of field roughness and a 'plain brown' patina of old copper on this example, evidence that it is just as ugly as it was the day it was last used in circulation back in Ancient Rome.
Britannicus, originally known as Germanicus after Claudius' older brother, was the emperor's original intended heir and natural son. Machinations by Agrippina II eventually saw Britannicus supplanted by her own son Nero, (by Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus) who took the throne upon Claudius' suspicious death. Britannicus himself died a few years later, reportedly poisoned by his step-brother. The future emperor Titus and Britannicus were close friends, and Titus became quite ill and nearly died after eating from the same poisoned dish that killed Britannicus.
R. Smits, Numismatist for Numismall
argolis_wolf_weber.jpg
58 viewsPeloponnesos. Argolis, Argos. Triobol. Wolf. Weber Plate Coin.

Date: c. 90-50 B.C.
Denomination: AR Triobol.
Diameter: 15 mm.
Weight: 2.29 grams.
Obverse: Forepart of wolf at bay left.
Reverse: Large A; below, eagle standing right; within shallow incuse.
Reference: Weber 4192 (this coin). BCD Peloponnesos 1177. BMC 114.

Ex: Sir Hermann Weber Collection, Ex: Spink 1888

Published: Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber MD, 1823-1918, Described Volume II, page 476, pictured on plate 154, #4192

Link to Plate 154: http://people.virginia.edu/~jdk3t/WeberPlates/Weber154.html

1 commentspaul1888
bsiszzz.jpg
31 viewsSiscia
RIC VIII 99, B Constans, AE4. CONSTAN-S PF AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them, chi-rho on banner. Mintmark: BSIS dot in crescent. RIC VIII Siscia 99.
Patrick O3
undcud2.JPG
22 viewsKlein 337 Larissa Phrikonis, Aeolis. (AE14, 1.59 grams) 10.76mm, .89g, 4th century BC. head of Apollo right / LARISA, bull standing right. Klein 337; Sear -; Mionnet -; BMC-.Patrick O3
Bayern_Stadtgemeinde_Lauf_10_Pfennig_1917_Wappen_Blätterkranz_Zink.jpg
22 viewsBayern

Stadtgemeinde Lauf

10 Pfennig

1917

Prägeanstalt: C. Balmberger, Nürnberg

Vs.: Wappen

Rs.: WZ im Blätterkranz

Rand: Glatt

Literatur: Menzel 7754.2

Erhaltung: Fast vorzüglich / sehr schön

Metall: Zink

20 mm, 1,68 g _383
Antonivs Protti
Augsburg_Kaiser_Joseph_II__Cu_Pfennig_1786_Vindelicorum_Kupfer_Pyr.jpg
11 viewsRömisch Deutsches Reich - Augsburg, Reichsstadt

Zeit Joseph II. 1765 - 1790



Pfennig 1786

Stadtpyr in Kartusche/Wertzahl,darunter Jahreszahl.

Erhaltung: Sehr schön.

Durchmesser: 16 mm

Gewicht: 1,9 g (Cu) _1989
Antonivs Protti
Argentinien_2_Centavos_1890_Hände_Fahnen_Sonne_Argentina_Bronze.jpg
13 views

Argentinien

2 Centavos

1890

Vs.: Freiheitsmütze über sich reichende Hände, eingerahmt von Kranz und Fahnen, darüber Sonne, das Ganze im Perlkreis, darunter Jahr

Rs.: Argentina, Sinnbild der Republik, Kopf n. l.

Erhaltung: Sehr schön

Metall: Bronze

30 mm, 9,65 g _592
Antonivs Protti
Coesfeld_IIII_Pfennig_1763_Stierkopf_Kupfer_RDR.jpg
13 viewsRömisch Deutsches Reich - Coesfeld, Stadt

IIII Pfennig 1763

Stadtwappen mit Stierkopf/Wertzahl

Erhaltung: Sehr schön.

Durchmesser: 21 mm

Gewicht: 2,5 g _1493
Antonivs Protti
BRANDENBURG_PREUSSEN_DÜSSELDORF_Pfennig_1826_Friedrich_Wilhelm_Wappen.jpg
42 viewsRDR -- Brandenburg-Preussen

Friedrich Wilhelm III. (1797-1840)

1826

Pfennig (Kupfer)

Münzstätte: Düsseldorf

Vs: Gekröntes Wappen. Umschrift: "360 EINEN THALER"

Rs: Wert, Jahreszahl und Münzzeichen.

Gewicht: 1,3g

Durchmesser: 17 mm

Erhaltung: schön _897
Antonivs Protti
Belgien_Medaille_1909_Erinnerung_Eröffnung_Klinik_Krankenkasse.jpg
11 viewsBelgien

Medaille 1909 (Bronze)

auf die Eröffnung der Klinik am 14.6.1909, finanziert durch die Gemeinschaftskasse von Industrie und Handel

Gewicht: 19,1g

Durchmesser: 34mm

Erhaltung: zaponiert, min.Rdf., vorzüglich _1298
Antonivs Protti
Deutsches_Reich_Friedrich_Schiller_100_Geburtstag_Seidan_1859_Verein_(2).jpg
24 viewsMedaillen

Deutsches Reich

Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller war ein bedeutender deutsche Dichter, Dramatiker, Philosoph und Historiker (*1759 in Marbach am Neckar, + 1805 in Weimar)

Zinnmedaille

Signiert W.S (Wenzel Seidan)

Undatiert (1859)

Auf den 100. Geburtstag Schillers gewidmet vom Prager Schiller-Verein





Vs: Umschrift, darin bekleidetes Brustbild nach rechts.

Rs: Sieben Zeilen Schrift zwischen zwei Lorbeerzweigen

7,5 g ; 26,0 mm

Kleine Randunebenheiten, Vorzüglich _1193
Antonivs Protti
Deutschland_Medaille_2000_Expo_Hannover_Twipsy.jpg
17 views
Hannover

Medaille 2000 (Kupfer-Nickel)

Auf die Expo in Hannover

Gewicht: 25,7g

Durchmesser: 39mm

Erhaltung: vorzüglich _596
Antonivs Protti
Großbritannien_25_New_Pence_1977_Silbernes_Thronjubiläum_Queen.jpg
14 viewsGroßbritannien

25 New Pence 1977 (Kupfer-Nickel)

25-jähriges Thronjubiläum der Queen

Gewicht: 28,28g

Erhaltung: zaponiert, unzirkuliert _499
Antonivs Protti
Großbritannien_Medaille_1934_Daily_Record_Medal_Dampfer_Schiff.jpg
8 viewsGroßbritannien

Medaille 1934 (Aluminium)

Daily Record Medal, 26.9.1934

Gewicht: 4,0g

Durchmesser: 31mm

Erhaltung: zaponiert, gelocht, sehr schön _199
Antonivs Protti
Großbritannien_25_New_Pence_1981_Royal_Wedding_Lady_Di_Prinz_Charles.jpg
12 viewsGroßbritannien

25 New Pence 1981 (Kupfer-Nickel)

Hochzeit von Lady Di und Prinz Charles

Gewicht: 28,28g

Erhaltung: vorzüglich _199
Antonivs Protti
Mecklenburg_Stadt_Rostock_3_Pfennig_1859_Steinhorst_Greif_Kupfer.jpg
10 viewsStadt Rostock

3 Pfennig 1859 BS ( Benjamin Steinhorst)

Greif nach links.

Rs: Wert, Jahr und Mmz.

Erhaltung: Randfehler, sehr schön.

Durchmesser: 21 mm

Gewicht: 2,8 g (Cu) _1999
Antonivs Protti
MECKLENBURG_SCHWERIN_Pfennig_1872_Friedrich_Franz_Monogramm_Krone.jpg
19 viewsRDR -- Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Friedrich Franz II. (1842-1883)

Pfennig (Kupfer)

Münzstätte: Schwerin

Vs: Gekröntes Monogramm. Umschrift: "VGG GROSSH V MECKLENB SCHWERIN"

Rs: Wert, Jahreszahl und Münzzeichen (B).

Gewicht: 1,5g

Durchmesser: 15 mm

Erhaltung: sehr schön _397
Antonivs Protti
POLEN_KRAKAU_Schilling_1666_Johann_Kasimir_Büste_Reiter.jpg
14 viewsPolen

Johann Kasimir (1649-1668)

1666 (?)

Schilling (Kupfer)

Münzstätte: Krakau (?)

Vs: Büste nach rechts. Umschrift: "IOAN CAS REX"

Rs: Reiter nach rechts. Umschrift: "SOLI..... 1666"

Gewicht: 1,0g

Durchmesser: 14 mm

Erhaltung: schön _299
Antonivs Protti
Westfalen_Münster_Domkapitel_VI_Pfennig_1762_Paulus_Schwert_Kupfer.jpg
13 viewsRömisch Deutsches Reich - Münster, Domkapitel



VI Pfennig 1762, Münzstätte Münster,

Hl. Paulus mit Bibel und Schwert.

Rs: Wert und Jahr.

Erhaltung: Schön.

Durchmesser: 25 mm

Gewicht: 3,2 g (Cu) _692
Antonivs Protti
Westfalen_Münster_Domkapitel_3_Pfennig_1758_Paul_Bibel_Schwert_Cu.jpg
17 viewsRömisch Deutsches Reich - Münster, Domkapitel

III Pfennig 1758 (?), Münster

Heiliger Paulus mit Bibel und Schwert

Rs: Jahreszahl und Wertzahl

Erhaltung: Fast sehr schön.

Durchmesser: 23 mm

Gewicht: 3,8 g (Cu) _691
Antonivs Protti
USA_12_Dollar_1968_Kennedy_IN_GOD_WE_TRUST.jpg
14 viewsVereinigte Staaten von Amerika

1/2 Dollar 1968 (Silber)

Kennedy

Vs.: Kopf nach links

Rs.: Weißkopfseeadler

Erhaltung: vorzüglich

Gewicht: 11,5g. _992
Antonivs Protti
Polen_1000_Zloty_1982_Papst_Johannes_Paul_II~0.jpg
13 viewsPolen

1000 Zloty 1982 (Silber)

Papst Johannes Paul II.

Gewicht: 14,2g

Erhaltung:fein getönt, unzirkuliert _1292
Antonivs Protti
_T2eC16d,!yUE9s6NFmdkBRbsZfu)!Q~~60_1.jpg
15 viewsPirmasens (Bayern) 5 Pfennig. ohne Jahr
Vs: Wappen
Rs: Wert
Zitat: Menzel 11016
Gewicht: 1.52 g. Durchmesser: 19-20 mm
Metall: Zink. Erhaltung: Sehr schön _196
Antonivs Protti
9e8WbRx57aNtBq3DSKi2mG4g8AZgdC.jpg
14 viewsAbbasid Governors, anonymous, AE fals (21mm, 3.71gm, 11h), Halab, AH 136. O: Kalima; below, large pellet left and annulet right; in margin, mint and date formula. R: At center, Kalima continued; in margin, Qur'an 9:33. Ilisch (1996) Resafa IV, p. 117, 221 (dated xx6); cf. ibid. 220 (dated 135) and 222 (date illegible, either 135 or 136); see also Nützel (1898) Berlin 2074 (dated 135 but mint illegible) and Shamma p. 89, 3 (dated xx5). Very Fine and extremely rare, olive green patina with areas of red sand encrustation. Date full and clear. Mint missing but clearly style of Halab, AH 135 and 136.Quant.Geek
gordian_iii_ric_IVc_319a.jpg
28 viewsGORDIAN III
Sestertius. Rome mint. 240 AD.
34.6mm, 16.2 grams
OBV: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
REV: PAX AETERNA, Pax running left, holding branch and sceptre.
S-C across fields. RIC-IVc - 319a
ziggy9
Alexandria_Egypt_tetradrachm.jpg
43 viewsEGYPT, ALEXANDRIA, Gallienus (A.D. 253-268), Potin Tetradrachm, 10.77g., 23mm, Dated year 14 (A.D. 266/7), AVT K P LIK GALLIHNOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right, rev., eagle standing left, head right, holding wreath in beak, L ID (date) before, palm behind, (Köln 2932; Dattari 5283; Milne 4145),


Provenance:

Ex Boston Museum of Fine Arts (Deaccessioned #88.230).

Purchased from Alfred Oscar van Lennep (1851-1913), Anglo-Dutch Numismatic and Antiquities Dealer (Smyrna, (Izmir) Turkey), January 5th, 1888.
paul1888
ANTLEGXV.jpg
73 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
Galley right, mast with banners at prow

LEG XV
legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint

32-31BC

Patrae mint

3.16g


32-31BC

The XV is there, much easier to see in hand.

Founded by Julius Caesar in 54 BC
Known also as the XV Apollinaris meaning "belonging to the god Apollo"
Jay GT4
image00067.jpg
40 viewsIndia, Pre-Mauryan Empire. Anonymous. Ca. 500-400 B.C. AR karshapana (20.1 mm, 1.62 g). 4 punches: elephant left with double crescent above, 5 crescents around annulets with dot in center (cf. R-195), three fish swimming around annulet with pellets around (cf. R-232)SpongeBob
Eion.jpg
74 viewsMacedon, Eion, trihemiobol, 5th century BC, goose standing right, head looking back; above, lizard, rev., quadripartite incuse square, 0.77g

Boston 610; K. Regling, Die Griechischen Munzen der Sammlung Warren, Berlin, 1906, 569 ; SNG ANS 274ff.

Provenance:
Ex: Morton and Eden Ltd, In association with Sotheby’s; A Collection of Exceptional Greek Coins, Catalog 51, Monday, October 24, 2011, lot 85
Ex: Numismatic Fine Arts VIII, 6 June 1980, lot 97
Ex: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Collection (accession number 04.667). Published: Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1955; 610 (this coin),
Ex: Edward Perry Warren collection; Published: Die Griechischen Munzen der Sammlung Warren, Berlin, 1906, 569 (this coin).
Ex: Canon Greenwell Collection


Note: Cannon Greenwell, a well-known Durham antiquarian, sold for Ł11.000 |$55.000) his fine collection of Greek coins to Edward Perry Warren in 1901.
Source: Los Angeles Herald, Volume XXVIII, Number 323, 19 August 1901, Page 7
4 commentspaul1888
Sear-336.jpg
21 viewsJustinian I. 527-565. Ć Decanummium (16mm, 2.75 g). Uncertain mint. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger and shield / Large six-pointed star within wreath. DOC 368; MIBE 239 (Ravenna); SB 336. VF, dark green patina. An attractive example of this rare issue. Quant.Geek
57800.jpg
30 viewsWESTERN ASIATIC HEAD TABLET WITH CUNEIFORM INSCRIPTION
3rd millennium BC

A ceramic male head with three-spiked hairstyle, panel of cuneiform script to the underside.
1 commentsSpongeBob
promissary-2C.jpg
3 views1891 Promissory Note - John Deckman
Lycoming County, Pennsylvania
Payable for $100.00 one year after date of issue
SpongeBob
promissary-1C.jpg
3 views1891 Promissory Note - John Deckman
Lycoming County, Pennsylvania
Payable for $100.00 one year after date of issue
SpongeBob
D_T-2638.jpg
38 viewsGAUL: Anonymous, circa 80-52 BC, AE15, cf. D&T 2638 (for style), stylized Alexandrian head right // YLLYCCV (?) around sylized eagle standing left; pentagram and pellets-in-annulets to right1 commentsQuant.Geek
Sear-653.jpg
19 viewsPhocas. 602-610. Ć Follis – 40 Nummi (32mm, 12.92 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. Dated RY 5 (606/7). Crowned facing bust, wearing consular robes, holding mappa and cross / Large XXXX; ANNO above, Ч to right; TЄS. DOC 47; MIBE 91; SB 653. Good VF, dark brown-black patina, hint of earthen deposits, cleaning marks. Overstruck on a Nicomedia follis of Maurice Tiberius (SB 512). Quant.Geek
Sear-2217.jpg
10 viewsJohn Comnenus-Ducas. As emperor of Thessalonica, 1237-1242. BI Trachy (20mm, 1.67 g, 6h). Type R, Variety A. Thessalonica mint. Outstretched wing to left / Facing half-length bust John, holding banner decorated with two cross-in-rings. DOC 31; SB 2217. VF, dark green and brown patina, hint of roughness, small flan split.


From the Iconodule Collection.
Quant.Geek
Herrli-01_31.jpg
11 viewsSIKH EMPIRE: AE Ľ anna (7.35g), Amritsar, VS(18)96, KM-5var, Herrli-01.31, small cross in obverse field, pa anna nanakshahi on reverse, lovely strike, gorgeous EF, R, ex Paul Stevens Collection. Herrli divided these into a paisa (=Ľ anna) and half paisa (11-12g, and 5.5g, respectively), but all coins are inscribed "pa anna" for Ľ anna, and all weigh in the range of 7.0g to 8.5g; thus there is only one denomination for this type.
Quant.Geek
Constantine_1.jpg
13 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVSPFAVG
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG NN
B in R Field, Eagle at feet in L Field
Tacitus
fauiirm.jpg
Annie Galeria Faustina II 20 viewsObverse: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right hair in bun.
Reverse: Juno seated left holding patera in the right hand and a traverse rod in the left.
26.5 mm., 11.1 g.
Sold 5-2018
NORMAN K
conricx.jpg
Constantine I "The Great" 306-337 CE 25 viewsConstantine I, AE 3, 16 mm, 2.2 g. RIC VII 350
Obverse: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, rosette- diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them, dot on banners.
Mintmark R wreath P. Rome mint
NORMAN K
Britannicus_Judea_1.jpg
5.5 Britannicus14 viewsAE Prutah of Judea
RI0014
Sosius
gal176b.jpg
Gallienus, RIC 176 Rome20 viewsGallienus, AE antoninianus
Obverse: IMP GALLIENVS radiate, bust right.
Reverse: DIANAE CONS AVG, doe running right and looking backwards.
Rome mint, 19 mm., 2.9 g.
NORMAN K
herenniuset.jpg
Herennius Etruscus, Viminacium, 250-251 CE.14 viewsHerennius Etruacus as Caesar.
Obverse: Q H ETR MES DEC CAES, laureate and cuirassed head right.
Reverse: P M S C OL VIM, Moesia standing with hands over bull and lion.
ANXII in ex. Year 12
24.5 mm., 9.5 g.
NORMAN K
klm1.jpg
Philip I. RIC 28c Rome20 viewsSilver Antoninian of Philippus I, 244-249 CE
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: ANNONA AVGG, Annona standing left, holding corn-ears over
a modius left and cornucopiae.
Rome mint: 246 CE (5th Issue, 5th Officina) = RIC IViii, 28c, page 71 - Cohen 25
21.3 mm., 3.9 g.
sold 4-2018
NORMAN K
Scipio_Bronze.jpg
Scipio Africanus30 viewsSCIPIO AFRICANUS
Ć15, Spain, Carthago Nova, (2.4g) c. 209 B.C.

Male Roman style head left, probably Scipio Africanus before he was given title Africanus / Horse head right

SNG Cop. 298, Lindgren Eur. Mints 6. Toynbee p. 18-19. VF, green patina, encrust.

This coin may be the earliest depiction of a living Roman. Carthago Nova also produced rare likely portraits of Hannibal.
RR0029
Sosius
Diocletian_RIC_Rome_105.jpg
1 Diocletian40 viewsDIOCLETIAN
Silvered Follis, Rome, Struck 302-3 AD

IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, bust l. / SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae, star in l. field, RP in ex.

RIC VI Rome 105a gVF
Sosius
Gordian_III_SNG_Levante_763.jpg
1 Gordian III18 viewsGordian III
AE 31mm of Seleucia ad Calycadnum, Cilicia

O: Radiate, draped, & cuirassed bust right [c/m: annulet within D]

R: Athena Alcidemus advancing right, attacking anguipede Giant, raising hands in defense.

C/m: Howgego 670.

SNG Levante 763
Sosius
Julia_Dom_Moushmov_6261.jpg
1.5 Julia Domna17 viewsJulia Domna
AE25 of Edessa, Macedonia.

ΙΟΥΛΙΑ ΔΟMNA CEB, draped bust right / ΕΔΕC/CΕΩΝ (below), Roma Nikephoros seated l. on cuirass, shield behind, goat to l., Tyche of Edessa behind, crowning her with wreath.

Moushmov 6261; BMC 20; Mionnet Supp. III, 443.
Sosius
Trajan_BMC_62.jpg
14 Trajan AR Drachm of Caesarea20 viewsTRAJAN
AR Drachm of Bostra, Arabia
AVTOK P KAIC NEP TRAIAN CEB ΓEPM ΔAK, Laureate bust right, drapery over left shoulder (die crack on chin) / ΔHMAPX EΞΥΠATOC, Arabia standing facing, looking left, holding branch and bundle of cinnamon sticks, to left a camel
SNG ANS 1155
Thanks you FORVM member Benito for helping attribute this coin.
RI0114
Sosius
57314q00~0.jpg
15 Hadrian74 viewsHADRIAN
BI tetradrachm, Alexandria mint, 11.1g, 25.1mm
29 Aug 125 - 28 Aug 126 A.D.
ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ Α∆ΡΙΑ CΕΒ, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis, from behind / L ∆Ε KATOV (year 10), Canopus jar of Osiris, ornamented with figures, wearing crown of horns, uraei disk, and plumes
Kampmann-Ganschow 32.351; Geissen 903; Dattari 1326; Milne 1154; BMC Alexandria p. 75, 630; Emmett 827
Choice gVF
Purchased from FORVM

Note that at some point in this coin's history, it seems to have been used a host for very poor quality fakes. After discussion on the FORVM board, I am comfortable that this coin is indeed the original. Shame on the former owner that used it for copies!

During the mummification process, large organs, such as the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines were extracted and placed in four jars. In the Ptolemaic period, the Greeks called these jars "canopic jars," relating them to the deity of the old city Canop (now a village in Abu Kyr). The heart was left in the body because it held the spirit, understanding and senses and would be needed on the Day of Judgment in the underworld. -- FORVM
RI0073
3 commentsSosius
Ant_Pius_Denarius~0.jpeg
17 Antoninus Pius RIC 20421 viewsANTONINUS PIUS
Denarius, Rome 138-161 AD
M ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXIII, laur. head right / COS IIII, Annona standing left, stalks of grain in right, left placed on modius on ship
RIC 204 BMC 765 RSC 288
Ex Artifact Man Ancient Coins
RI0077
1 commentsSosius
Philip_I_Ant_1.jpg
2 Philip I34 viewsPHILIP I
AR Antoninianus, 244-9 AD, 3.8 g

O: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate and draped bust right.

R: ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated left on shield, holding Victory and spear.

RIC 44 (b), Sear 2567, Choice VF

Coin commemorates the 1000th anniversary of the founding of Rome

1 commentsSosius
Philip_I_Sest_RIC_185a.jpg
2 Philip I18 viewsPhilip I
Ć Sestertius. Rome mint.

IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / PAX AETERNA S C, Pax running left, holding branch and sceptre.

Cohen 110, RIC 185a, Cohen 110

good Fine
Sosius
Philip_I_RIC_19.jpg
2 Philip I8 viewsPHILIP I
AR Antoninianus, 244-9 AD, 4.2g

O: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG,
Radiate and draped bust right.


R: SAECVLARES AVGG, Stag walking right. “U“ in exergue.

RIC 19, VF

Coin commemorates the secular games held by Philip to celebrate the 1000th anniversary of the founding of Rome


Sosius
Philip_I_RIC_58_no_2.jpg
2 Philip I14 viewsPHILIP I
AR Antoninianus, 244-9 AD, 3.7g

O: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG,
Radiate and draped bust right.


R: AETERNITAS AVGG, Elephant walking left, ridden by mahout who guides it with goad and rod.


RIC 58, Sear 2552, VF

Coin commemorates the secular games held by Philip to celebrate the 1000th anniversary of the founding of Rome

Sosius
Pescennius_Niger_Den_RIC_87dv.jpg
23 Pescennius Niger Denarius33 viewsPESCENNIUS NIGER
AR Denarius (3.2g), Antioch Mint
April to 1 June 193 - May 194 A.D.

O: IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVST AVG, laureate head right

R: VIC-TO-RIAE AVG, winged Victory standing Ll., nude to the waist, wreath in right. hand, left hand on hip holding skirt

RSC III 75h, RIC IV 87d var

Ex Lucernae (VCoins)

Coin discussed and authenticated on FORVM discussion board, 12/12/12
RI0131
Sosius
39218q00.jpg
23.5 Septimius Severus - overstrike of Pescennius Niger Denarius54 viewsSilver denarius, RIC IV 377 or similar, F, overstruck, 2.118g, 19.3mm, 180o, Emesa mint, 194 - 195 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II (or similar), laureate head right; reverse FORTVN REDVC (or similar), Fortuna standing left, cornucopia in left, rudder (?) in right

Purchased from FORVM
RI0129
3 commentsSosius
Sept_Sev_AMNG_I1,_1373.jpg
24 Septimius Severus Ć 18mm of Nikpolis ad Istrum13 viewsSeptimius Severus
Ć 15.2mm of Nikpolis ad Istrum, 3.5g

AV KAI - CEVHROC, bust r. / NIKOPOLI - PROC ICT, Hermes standing left, wearing petasos, holding purse & caduceus.

AMNG I/1, 1373, rare

Thanks to FORVM members Steve Minnoch and Jochen for their help attributing this coin!
Sosius
Aurelian_unident_.jpg
3 Aurelian33 viewsAURELIAN
AE Antoninianus, Siscia Mint
SECOND SPECIMEN KNOWN?
IMP CAES L DOM AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (with huge nose) / ANNONA AVG, Annona stg. l., holding corn-ears in r. hand and cornucopiae in l. hand; at feet to l., prow of ship., P in r. field.
RIC temp #1927

Attributed with help from FORVM member Mauseus, who pointed to the following website, which indicates that this may be the second specimen known of this coin: http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/1927

UPDATE: According to S. Estiot & J. Mairat of ric.mom.fr: "It is indeed the second specimen known of RIC temp 1927, and your coin is from the same pair of dies as the coin in Zagreb (Komin hoards)."
1 commentsSosius
Her_Etruscilla_Vimin.jpg
3.1 Herennia Etruscilla15 viewsHerennia Etruscilla
AE Sestertius, Viminacium
250/251 AD

O: HER ETRVSCILLA AVG, draped bust right, in staphane

R: PMS COL VIM, female figure (Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull & lion, AN XII in ex.

BMC 32, Moushmov 48
Sosius
Her_Etruscilla_RIC_59b.jpg
3.1 Herennia Etruscilla18 viewsHERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
Wife of Trajan Decius
AR Antoninianus.

HER ESTRVSCILLA AVG, diademed & draped bust right on crescent / PVDICITA AVG, Pudicitia seated left holding sceptre & drawing veil from her face.

RIC 59b, RSC 19, Sear5 #9495

aVF, Green deposits. This coin would probably clean up beautifully. Need to put that on the to-do list.
Sosius
2550332.jpg
3.5 Herennius Etruscus35 viewsROMAN IMPERIAL
Herennius Etruscus
As Caesar, AD 249-251.
AR Antoninianus (22mm, 4.87 g, 12h). Rome mint. 3rd-4th emission, AD 250.

O: Radiate and draped bust right, seen from behind

R: Sprinkler, simpulum, jug, patera and lituus.
RIC IV 143 (Decius); RSC 14. VF, flan flaw on obverse, light reverse porosity, struck from a worn reverse die.

Ex-CNG
2 commentsSosius
Sev_Alex_RIC_133.jpg
30 Severus Alexander24 viewsSEVERUS ALEXANDER
AR Denarius.

IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate draped bust right / ANNONA AVG, Annona standing left with corn-ears and cornucopiae, modius at foot.

RSC 23, RIC 133, Sear 7857
1 commentsSosius
Maximinus_I_RIC_16.jpg
31 Maximinus I24 viewsMAXIMINUS I
AR Denarius. 235-6 AD
(19mm. 3.53g)

IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped bust right / VICTORIA AVG, Victory running right.

RSC 99, RIC 16

Ex Artifact Man (vCoins)
Sosius
Athalaric_BMC_Ostrogoths_67,_52.jpg
4. Athalaric, in name of Justinian22 viewsATHALARIC
Ostrogoth King of Rome, in name of Justinian
AE 4, Ravenna mint

O: IVSTI..., diademed and cuirassed bust of Justinian I right

R: Monogram of Athalaric in wreath

BMC Ostrogoths p. 67, 52

1 commentsSosius
rjb_2016_09_01.jpg
4110 viewsClaudius 41-54 AD
Tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Year 6
Rev: Messalina, 3rd wife of Claudius, holding two small children (Claudia Octavia and Britannicus) in outstretched hand
RPC I 5164
mauseus
rjb_2014_05_07.jpg
48822 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 7
ANNONA AVG
G 488
mauseus
rjb_gal17_09_06.jpg
49430 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 7
ANNONA AVG
G 494
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_2017_09_02.jpg
55419 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
"Denarius"
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "EXPECTATE VENI"
Carausius greeted by Britannia
London mint?
-/-/RSR
RIC 554
mauseus
554cf.jpg
554cf114 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
"Denarius"
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "EXPECTATE VENI"
Carausius greeted by Britannia
London mint?
-/-/RSR?
RIC 554 (figures reversed on reverse)
mauseus
exp_ant1.jpg
605cf57 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS AVG"
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "EXPECTATE"
Carausius greeting Britannia
London mint?
-/-//RSR?
RIC - (cf 605)
mauseus
rjb_car_605.jpg
605cf45 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
AE antoninianus
Obv "(IMP CARAVSIVS P)F AV"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "EXPECTATE VENI"
Britannia and Carausius clasping hands
London mint?
[RSR]?
RIC - (cf 605)
mauseus
Gallienus_Unident_Prov.jpg
7 Gallienus40 viewsGallienus
Ć27 of Smyrna, Ionia

O: AVT K Π ΛIK_[IN] ΓAΛΛIHNOC, Laureate draped cuirassed bust right

R: CMYPNAIΩN Γ N_EΩKOPΩN[..] IΠ[ΠIKOV] ΦIΛH_TOV, the Amazon Smyrna, turreted and cuirassed, standing left, holding bipennis and pelta right.

SNG Copenhagen 1410var

Thanks to FORVM member Andreas Reich and www258pair.com for help IDing this coin.
Sosius
2550340.jpg
70.5 Hanniballianus15 viewsROMAN IMPERIAL
Hanniballianus
Rex Regum, AD 335-337. Ć Follis (15mm, 1.73 g, 12h). Const. mint, 6th officina. Struck AD 336-337.

O: Bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
R: Euphrates reclining right, leaning upon scepter; reed behind, overturned urn below, CONSς.

RIC VII 147; LRBC 1036. Good Fine, dark green patina with some earthen deposits.

Ex CNG
Sosius
rjb_car2_06_07.jpg
77451 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "EXPICTA"
Britannia presenting wreath to Carausius with altar between them
Unmarked mint
RIC 774
1 commentsmauseus
Licinius_RIC_Siscia_232a.jpg
8 Licinius26 viewsLICINIUS I
AE Follis, Siscia, 313 A.D.

IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG, Laureate bust r. / IOVI CON-SERVA-TORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing facing with head leftholding Victory on globe and scepter, eagle with wreath l., gamma in left field, SIS below.

RIC VI Siscia 232a
Sosius
Licinius_RIC_Siscia_232a_no_2.jpg
8 Licinius39 viewsLICINIUS I
AE Follis, Siscia, 313 AD

IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG, Laureate bust r. / IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter facing with head left holding Victory on globe and sceptre, eagle with wreath left, epsilon in r. filed, SIS in ex.

RIC VI Siscia 232a. aVF/F
Sosius
Licinius_Unid_3.jpg
8 Licinius37 viewsLICINIUS I
Silvered Follis, Antioch, 312 AD

IMP C LIC LICINNIVS PF AVG, Laureate bust r. / GENIO-AVGVSTI, Genius standing left, naked, modius on head, chlamys over left shoulder, holding head of Sol and cornucopia, star in l. field, H in r. field, ANT in ex.

RIC VI Antioch 164a. EF about 60% silvered.
1 commentsSosius
Jannaeus_Pendant_1.jpg
Alexander Jannaeus Prutah Pendant32 viewsOBV:BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOΥ (of King Alexander),
around anchor
REV:star made of eight pellets surrounded by diadem
and possible inscription
Hendin 470, Meshorer TJC J11, Jerusalem mint
103 - 76 B.C.
Set in Silver Pendant
goldenancients
aeI_copy.jpg
Antiochos IX, Kyzikenos31 viewsAE 20, Antiochos IX, Kyzikenos, ca. 113-95 BC. Obv: Winged bust of Eros facing right. Rev: Nike holding wreath, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΞΕΩΝ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΡΟΣ, Seleukid era date 111/0 (Beta Sigma) to left. Near black patina with stunning earthen highlights, aEF SG 7173, SC 2388, Hoover HGC 9, 1254 (C-S).Molinari
Intaglio.jpg
Asclepius Intaglio50 viewsMale figure Asclepius? holding two snakes.

Asclepius was the god of healing though he, like Heracles, was born as a mortal. Athena gave Asclepius two types of blood to help with his healing work, both from the gorgon, Medusa. One took life quickly but the other restored life. When Asclepius used this life restoring blood he encroached on the preserve of the gods and Zeus struck him down with a thunderbolt. One of the most famous centres for Asclepius worship was at Epidaurus on the Peloponnese. Snakes were sacred to the god and when the Romans embraced him as one of theirs his cult was supposedly taken to Rome in the body of a snake. He was preserved in the heavens as the constellation Ophiuchus, the serpent holder. The Romanised version of his name is Aesculapius.

0.34g

Greek or more likely Roman Provincial

Ex-Time Machine

Sold Forum Auctions December 2017
2 commentsJay GT4
Baktria,_Diodotos_I,_AR_tetradrachm_-_Holt_A6_4_(this_coin)~0.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Diodotos I, ca. 255/250-240 BC, AR Tetradrachm 27 viewsDiademed head of Diodotos I right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY Zeus advancing left hurling thunderbolt, eagle at feet, ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta, Sampi) monogram in inner left field.

Holt A6.4 (this coin); Kritt A6 (plate 2 A6 this coin); CSE 1294 (this coin); SNG Lockett 3109 (this coin ID: SNGuk_0300_3109); Pozzi 2945 (this coin); ESM 717α (this coin); SNG ANS 77; SC 631.a; Bopearachchi 2E; Mitchiner 64d; Qunduz 6; HGC 9, 243.
Mint "A" - Ai Khanoum

(26 mm, 15.73 g, 6h).
Herakles Numismatics; ex- Houghton Collection (CSE 1294); ex- Lockett Collection (SNGLockett 3109); ex- Pozzi Collection: Naville Sale I (1921) 2945 (sold for CHF 35).

This coin has a very distinguished provenance and has been published as plate coin in four reference works.

The emission with the ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta Sampi) mint control mark is the most abundant of the Diodotid issues, representing about 13% of known Diodotid precious metal coins. The same control carries over into the early coinage of Euthydemos, although eventually displaced by the PK control monogram after 208/6 BC when Antiochos III captured Ai Khanoum while Euthydemos remained besieged at Baktra, after which it appears that Baktra/Balkh assumed the role of primary royal mint in Baktria. In is notable that the Archaic Greek letter Sampi forms the bottom of the ΙΔΤ monogram. It is an Archaic Greek form of a double Sigma that persisted in Greek dialects of Asia Minor. Many Greek settlers from Asia Minor migrated to Baktria, including the illustrious ruler Euthydemos from Magnesia in either Lydia, or Ionia. The archaic Greek Sampi possibly traveled to Baktria with the earliest Greek settlers from Asia Minor.
n.igma
T1118LG.jpg
C POBLICIUS Q F. 80 BC91 viewsHelmeted bust of Roma right / Hercules strangling the Nemean lion; bow and quiver at left; club below. Cr. 380/1.

POBLICIA, a plebian family, but of consular rank. Its cognomen on coins is Malleolus. There are fifteen varieties, all of silver, on some of which a small hammer or mallett is engraved, evidently alluding to the surname Malleolus.

The first of Heracles' twelve labours, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin) was to slay the Nemean lion.

According to one version of the myth, the Nemean lion took women as hostages to its lair in a cave near Nemea, luring warriors from nearby towns to save the damsel in distress. After entering the cave, the warrior would see the woman (usually feigning injury) and rush to her side. Once he was close, the woman would turn into a lion and kill the warrior, devouring his remains and giving the bones to Hades.

Heracles wandered the area until he came to the town of Cleonae. There he met a boy who said that if Heracles slew the Nemean lion and returned alive within 30 days, the town would sacrifice a lion to Zeus; but if he did not return within 30 days or he died, the boy would sacrifice himself to Zeus.[3] Another version claims that he met Molorchos, a shepherd who had lost his son to the lion, saying that if he came back within 30 days, a ram would be sacrificed to Zeus. If he did not return within 30 days, it would be sacrificed to the dead Heracles as a mourning offering.

While searching for the lion, Heracles fetched some arrows to use against it, not knowing that its golden fur was impenetrable; when he found and shot the lion and firing at it with his bow, he discovered the fur's protective property when the arrow bounced harmlessly off the creature's thigh. After some time, Heracles made the lion return to his cave. The cave had two entrances, one of which Heracles blocked; he then entered the other. In those dark and close quarters, Heracles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. Others say that he shot arrows at it, eventually shooting it in the unarmoured mouth.

After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. He then tried sharpening the knife with a stone and even tried with the stone itself. Finally, Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told Heracles to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.

When he returned on the thirtieth day carrying the carcass of the lion on his shoulders, King Eurystheus was amazed and terrified. Eurystheus forbade him ever again to enter the city; in future he was to display the fruits of his labours outside the city gates. Eurystheus warned him that the tasks set for him would become increasingly difficult. He then sent Heracles off to complete his next quest, which was to destroy the Lernaean hydra.

The Nemean lion's coat was impervious to the elements and all but the most powerful weapons. Others say that Heracles' armour was, in fact, the hide of the lion of Cithaeron.
ecoli
Celtic.jpg
Celtic Coinage29 viewsContinental Celts & Tribes of Britannia
Gaul: Northwest Gaul: Aulerci Eburovices, Carnutes, Coriosolites, Redones, Senones, Veneti. Northeast Gaul: Ambiani, Remi, Suessiones (Cricironus), Treveri.
Central Gaul: Aediu, Arverni. Sequani (Turonos & Cantorix). Southern Gaul: Massalia (Marseilles), Tolostates, Volcae-Arecomici. Uncertain: Volcae Tectosages, Leuci, Senones.
Britain: Atrebates & Regni (Verica), Cantii (Amminus), CantuvellauniCorieltauvi (Volisios Dumnocoveros), Cunobelin, Dobunni, Durotriges, Epaticcus, Iceni, Trinovantes, Cantuvellauni & Trinovantes (Addedomaros, Caratacus).
Lower Danube: Geto-Dacians. Middle Danube: Hercuniates. Central Europe: Boii. Danubian Celts are also referred to as being from the Carpathian Region, in which there were various tribes, many unknown.
1 commentsChristian T
constansaqs.jpg
Constans, RIC VIII 79 Aquileia16 viewsObverse: CONSTAN-S PF AVG, laurel and rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Reverse: VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN, Two Victories facing each other with wreaths and palms
Mintmark: dot AQS, 15.5 mm., 1.1 g.
NORMAN K
452s.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VII 252, Siscia35 viewsObverse: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them. O on banner.
mintmark epsilon SIS star. 17.12 mm, 1.6 g. RIC VII Siscia 252, rated R1
NORMAN K
conus99a.jpg
Constantius II, RIC VIII 102 Thessalonica, 347-348 CE20 viewsObverse: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Laureate and Rosette-Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: VICTORIAE DD AVGG Q NN, two Victories standing facing each other, each holding wreath and palm.Palm branch upright in center.
Exe: SMTS epsilon. 16.6 mm., 1.0 g.
RIC VIII Thessalonica 102, rated scarce.
NORMAN K
10.jpg
County of Tripoli, Bohemond V, 1233 - 1251 Billon denier 70 viewsCounty of Tripoli, Bohemond V, 1233 - 1251 Billon denier
R : + CIVITAS TRIPOL, eight pointed star, annulets between the rays
O : + BAMVND' COMS, cross pattée, three pellets in upper right quarter
CCS 19
Vladislavs D
crisp21.jpg
Crispus AE follis. 324-325 AD.Sirmium RIC VII 4914 views

Crispus AE follis.. 324-325 AD. FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate head right / ALEMANNIA DEVICTA, Victory advancing right, holding trophy and palm, treading upon bound captive on right. Mintmark dot SIRM dot. Cohen 1.
Britanikus
delmat5s.jpg
Delmatius, Cyzicus RIC 13229 viewsObverse: FL IVL DELMATIVS NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two helmeted soldiers facing each other, spear in outer hand, inner hand on shield setting on ground, between them a standard.
SMKD in ex. Cyzicus mint15.4 mm,1.8 g. Rated R3
NORMAN K
combine_images~4.jpg
Demetrios II Nikator, Second reign, 129-125 BC. Silver tetradrachm. Tyre.44 viewsObv: Diademed head of king right.
Rev: Eagle standing on prow left, with palm branch, club surmounted by monogram and monogram in inner left field, two monograms in inner right field, monogram between legs.
References: SC 2195.5b. Newell 179. Hoover 1122.
28 mm, 13,23 g.
1 commentsCanaan
st.jpg
ENGLAND, NORMAN, Stephen (1135-1154), Silver Penny, Watford type .33 viewsENGLAND, NORMAN, Stephen (1135-1154), Silver Penny, Watford type .
Mint and moneyer uncertain . 1.0 gr
Crowned and diademed bust of king right, holding sceptre in his right hand .
Cross moline, with a fleur each angle .
North 873; SCBC 1278
Vladislav D
England-AR-penny-John-030000-temp-1.jpg
England: silver Short Cross penny of King John (1199-1216), struck in the name of Henry II, ca. 1205-120740 viewslordmarcovan
penny_18.jpg
Gaucher de Chatillon, Yves mint, Mayhew 237-911 viewsmauseus
Greece.jpg
Greece40 viewsGreece - Central, Peloponnesos, Crete & The Cyclades.
Thessaly, Akarnania, Boeotia, Euboia, Attica, Corinthia, Sikyonia, Peloponnesos, Argolis, Phokaia, Arkadia, Lokris.
2 commentsChristian T
hon403.jpg
Honorius RIC 403 Cyzicus41 viewsHonorius bronze AE4
Obverse: D N HONORIUS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, star in left field.
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Honorius and Theodosius II standing facing, heads confronted, each holding a spear vertically in outer hand and resting inner hand on shield. The emperor on the right is slightly smaller than the other.
SMK in ex. Cyzicus 15.24 mm, 2.0 g.
NORMAN K
HUN_Lajos_I_Huszar_547_Pohl_89-7.JPG
Huszár 547, Pohl 89-7, Unger 432h, Réthy II 89A41 viewsLouis I (Lajos I, in Hun.) (1342-1382). AR denar, .49 g., 13.94 mm. max., .28 gr., 90°

Obv: + [MO]nETA LODOVICI, Saracen head left, pellets flanking.

Rev: + REGIS hVnGARIE, Patriarchal cross with random pellets.

The type was struck 1373-1382 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger, although Huszár later wrote that the Saracen-head coinage incepted in 1372). This privy mark was struck at Pécs by one of the Saracenus brothers, probably by Johannes, who took over the mint after the death of Jacobus (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.

The Saracen's head is a pun on the surname of Jacobus Saracenus (Szerechen, in Hun.) and his brother, Johannes, courtiers of Italian descent who were ennobled by Louis. The image of a Saracen's head appeared on their coat of arms. Jacobus became the kammergraf at the Pécs mint in 1352, and the Comes Camerarum Regalium in 1369. He died in the early 1370s, at which time Johannes succeeded him as kammergraf.
Stkp
Dyrrhachion_Dracma.jpg
ILIRIA - DIRRAQUIO/EPIDAMNOS20 viewsAR dracma 18X16 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: "MENIΣ [KOΣ ]" (Nombre de la Autoridad Monetaria que la acuńa), sobre una Vaca a der. mirando a su ternero que se amanta a izq.
Rev: "AYP / ΔIO / [NY] / [ΣIOY]" – Doble Forma estrellada, dividida por dos líneas y rodeada por una doble línea formando un contorno cuadrado.
Los diseńos del reverso de Korkyra así como de sus colonias, Apollonia (Apolonia) y Dyrrhachion (Dirraquio), han sido objeto de mucha especulación numismática. Eckhel (Doctrina numorum veterum [Vienna, 1792/3], II:155) aceptó la opinión de Laurentius Beger (Observationes Et Conjecturae In Numismata Quaedam Antiqua [Brandenburg, 1691]), que argumentó que el diseńo del reverso representa el jardín de Alkinoos, el mítico rey de Phaiakia, descrito en detalle por el poeta Homero (Od. 7.112-133). Basado en el supuesto de que mítica Phaiakia era la isla de la antigua Korkyra (mod. Corfú), y sabiendo que Korkyrans colonizaron tanto Apollonia y Dyrrhachion, Beger (ya través de él, Eckhel) concluyeron que los elementos centrales eran flores y que el diseńo general debe representar tanto el diseńo del jardín, o las puertas que conducen a ella. Más tarde, la mayoría de los numismáticos, como Böckh, Müller, Friedlander, y von Sallet, argumentaron que los elementos centrales del diseńo eran más como la estrella, mientras que Gardner favoreciendo una interpretación floral, aunque sea como una referencia a Apolo Aristaios o Nomios, no el jardín de ALKINOOS. Más recientemente, Nicolet-Pierre volvió a examinar la cuestión del diseńo del reverso en su artículo sobre la moneda arcaica de Korkyra ("Ŕ props du monnayage archaďque de Corcyre," SNR 88 [2009], pp. 2-3) y ofreció una nueva interpretación. Tomando nota de un pasaje de Tucídides (3.70.4) en la que ese autor citó la existencia en la isla de un recinto sagrado (temenos) dedicado a Zeus y ALKINOOS, sugirió que el diseńo del reverso podría haber sido inspirada por esto, y no en el jardín de ALKINOOS que detalla Homero.

Acuńación: 200 - 30 A.C.
Ceca: Dyrrhachion - Illyria (Hoy Durré en Albania)

Referencias: Sear GCTV Vol.I #1900 var Pag.187 – BMC Vol.7 #62-64 Pag.69 – SNG Copenhagen #467 - Maier #201 - Ceka #320
mdelvalle
Italy- Pompeii- The Basilaca.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- The Basilaca315 viewsBASILICA
Forum of Pompeii c. 120 B.C. These more massive columns are from the basilica, the most important public building in Pompeii. Constructed prior to the Roman period, the basilica had three aisles and five entrance doors onto the forum. In the rear we see a two-tiered colonnade which has columns in the Doric style on the bottom and slender Ionic columns on top of a cross beam. In Pompeii many columns were made of brick and covered with stucco.

BASILICA (VIII,1,1)
Built in the second half of the 2nd cent. BC, as part of the plan to create monuments throughout the city. It has a rectangular layout, with three naves, with a ceiling sloping straight down in both directions from the central columns and half columns at the top of the walls, where there are still remains of decorations in ‘first style’: at the back is the tribunal, where the magistrates sat, reached by a wooden staircase. The building was dedicated to administering justice and for business negotiations.




John Schou
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John of Avesnes, Viennes mint, Mayhew 3211 viewsmauseus
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John the Blind, Luxembourg mint, Mayhew 26511 viewsmauseus
Jan.PNG
Judaea, Alexander Jannaeus (103-76 BC), Ć Half Prutah21 viewsObv. anchor. Rev. star.
References: TJC group L.
13mm and 1.06 grams
This coin is typically referred to as the Biblical Widow's mite.
Canaan
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Lysimachos Alexander the Great Portrait Coin126 viewsLysimachos, Portrait of Alexander the Great, Kingdon of Thrace, Silver tetradrachm, (Posthumous issue c. 280 - 200 BC), 16.675g, 30.6mm, die axis 0o, Müller 460, Thompson -, SNG Cop -, SNG UK -, uncertain mint,
OBV: Diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon
REV: BASILEWS LUSIMACOU, Athena enthroned left, holding Nike crowning name with wreath in right,
resting left arm on shield at side, transverse spear behind, bow case inner left

EX: Heritage Long Beach Signature Sale (18 Sep 2008), lot 20015; EX: Forum Ancient Coins
3 commentsRomanorvm
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Palmyra21 viewsAE 11 mm
Radiate head right (Baal?)
Radiate head left (Malakbel?)
Krzyzanowska Le monnayage de Palmyre Class XII
mauseus
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Plautilla, overview296 viewsThere are five main types of portrait for Plautilla’s denarii at the Rome mint :

A - With a draped bust right, hair coiled in horizontal ridges and fastened in bun in high position. Her facial expression is juvenile
B - Hair being coiled in vertical ridges, with bun in low position. Plautilla looks here more like a young beautiful woman
C - The third bust shows a thinner face of Plautilla with hair in vertical ridges and no bun but braids covering her neck
D - The fourth type has a similar appearance with the former, but the vertical ridges disappear, hair being plastered down, still showing the right ear
E - Plautilla appears with mid long hair plastered down and covering her ears

In the mean time there are seven different reverses :

1 - CONCORDIAE AETERNAE
2 - PROPAGO IMPERI
3 - CONCORDIA AVGG
4 - CONCORDIA FELIX
5 - PIETAS AVGG
6 – DIANA LVCIFERA

Not every combination exists, but some of the above reverses can be shared by several obverse portraits. Noticeable also is an evolution of the obverse legend, being PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE (a) in 202, and becoming PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA (b) soon after

You can see the evolution of this interesting coinage in my Plautilla's gallery.
3 commentsPotator II
Probus.jpg
Probus Billon Tetradrachm Aug 29 A.D. 277 - Aug 28 A.D. 278, cf. Dattari 5545; Milne 4557; Curtis 1890; Geissen 3134; Kampmann-Ganschow 112.15; BMC Alexandria p. 314, 242326 viewsA K M AVP ΠPOBOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / Tyche standing left, modius on head, rudder on globe in right, cornucopia in left, LΓ (?, year 3) above left. Alexandria mint.
Maximum Diameter: 19.7 mm
Weight: 7.58 g
2 commentsTheEmpireNeverEnded
Dolphindidrachm.jpg
Punic occupation half shekel78 viewsNude youth on horseback to left, crowning horse with wreath; IΩ to right, ΣΩΓENHΣ below

Taras astride dolphin to left, holding cornucopiae and Nike who crowns him with wreath; TAPAΣ below.

Calabria, Tarentum ; Punic occupation, circa 212-209 BC

AR Reduced didrachm or Half-Shekel.

2.69g chipped otherwise VF+

Vlasto 975-7; HN Italy 1079.

Ex-ANE

Rare!

The climax of the Carthaginian invasion of Italy was reached when Tarentum changed sides in 212 BC. The takeover of the city was a carefully planned coup by Hannibal and members of the city's democratic faction who opened the gates to Hannibal's army. The Carthaginians failed to take the citadel, but subsequent fortifications around this enemy stronghold enabled the city to remain under Punic control. Hannibal installed his own magistrates and struck coinage based on the Punic half shekel standard.
8 commentsJay GT4
Radiato_imitativo_britannico.jpg
Radiato imitativo britannico (270-273 AD)33 viewsAE, 2.45 gr, 18.56 mm, VF
Zecca non ufficiale britannica (o gallica), sul D/ verosimilmente Vittorino o Tetrico I
D/ legenda di fantasia, testa radiata a dx
R/ legenda di fantasia, divinitŕ sacrifica su un altare appoggiata su uno scudo (o ruota). Compatibile con una FORTVNA REDUX con ruota e timone
Provenienza: ex Marc Breitsprecher collection, Grand Marais Minnesota Usa (da lui acquistata a Embankment station coin fair, London), via vAuctions 290 lot 462, 8 novembre 2012
paolo
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Robert of Bethune, Alost mint, Mayhew 2195 viewsmauseus
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SOLD Alexander 1 Balas Tetradrachm 147/6 BC SOLD8 views SOLD Obv : Diademed head of Alexander 1 Balas in reeded border
30.5 mm 16.25gm SC 1784.8i,
Antioch on the Orontes mint
Rev: Nike offering wreath to Zeus seated left
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ ΘΕΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΕΥΕΡΓΕΤΟΥ
Theta within Delta monogram inner LF
Exergue : 166 ( SE date = 147/6 BC) Φ SOLD
cicerokid
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William of Hinault, Bishop of Cambrai, Cambrai mint, Mayhew 87-9010 viewsmauseus
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William of Namur, Namur mint, Mayhew 3617 viewsmauseus
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Xerxes II13 viewsAchaemenid Empire. Time of Darios I to Xerxes II, circa 485-420 BC. Siglos (Silver, 16 mm, 5.38 g), Sardes. Persian king or hero in kneeling/running stance to right, holding spear and bow. Rev. Incuse punch. Carradice Type IIIa/b. Beautifully toned. Very fine.arash p
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#L. Thorius Balbus. 105 BC. AR Denarius32 viewsRome mint. ISMR behind, head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin headdress / L THORIVS below, BALBVS in exergue, bull charging right.

"The obverse refers to the the cult of Juno Sospita at Lanuvium, the moneyer's birthplace. The reverse is likely a play on the moneyer's name (Taurus sounds like Thorius). Cicero described L. Thorius Balbus as a man who lived in such a manner that there was not a single pleasure, however refined or rare, that he did not enjoy. This is one of the most common republican denarii." -- Roman Silver Coins edited by David Sear and Robert Loosley
ancientone
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Δ in circular punch261 viewsUncertain mint, likely of Balkan origin. Septimius Severus. Ć 28 (4 Assaria?). A.D. 193-211. Obv: (...)CE(...). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark behind head. Rev: Inscription largely obliterated, N (?) in exurge. Artemis (?) running right. Axis: 225°. Weight: 13.09 g. CM: Δ in circular punch. Howgego 781, 783, 784 (?). Note: Δ countermarks have recently been found on many coins of the region, indicating that the coins in question are valued at 4 assaria. Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
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ΘEC in rectangular punch180 viewsMACEDON. Thessalonica. Nero. Ć 23. A.D. 54-68. Obv: NE(PΩNC)EBAΣΣ-TOΣKAIΣAP (sic.). Bare head left; countermark across neck. Rev: ΘECCAΛ-ONIKH-ΩN in three lines in oak-wreath, eagle at top. Ref: BMC -; RPC 1603 (5 pcs); Axis: 180°. Weight: 7.36 g. Note: The name and face of Nero have been erased (damnatio). CM: ΘEC in rectangular punch, 7 x 3 mm. Howgego 537 (7 pcs). Note: Howgego notes that the countermark was probably applied in A.D. 68/69, sanctioning coins of Nero. He also notes that the application of the countermark was not directly connected with the erasure of the name and face of Nero, since this was done to only one of the seven specimens he identified. Collection Automan.Automan
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יהונתן YHONATHAN H MALEK BASILEWS ALEXANDROU54 viewsפרוטה
Lake Gennesaret Galilea Holy Land
Bohemian
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37 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (14mm, 2.62 g)
Fly, seen from above
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Stannard, Evidence 26-7 = Stannard, Parallels 99-100; Minturnae 34-5

Found in Southern Spain

This type is found both in Baetica and in central Italy, at Minturnae, demonstrating the close economic ties between the two areas. Stannard notes numerous parallels in the lead tokens and unofficial bronze coinage in the two areas. He also sees a stylistic difference between issues of the two regions, but I have not personally seen enough specimens from both regions to say.
Ardatirion
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18 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (12mm, 2.22 g)
ISI within beaded square cartouche
Blank
Unpublished

Found in Southern Spain

This is a part of a small group of leads of similar module that were found in Southern Spain. They appear to be distinct from the series described by Casariego et al and Stannard.
Ardatirion
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21 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (13mm, 1.56 g)
Radiate [bearded?] head right
Blank
Unpublished

Found in Southern Spain

This is a part of a small group of small leads of similar module that were found in Southern Spain. They appear to be distinct from the series described by Casariego et al and Stannard.
Ardatirion
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10 viewsROME
PB Tessera (14x20mm, 3.17 g, 3h)
Diana advancing right, drawing bow
Deer running right
Cf. Rostowzew 2113 (circular examples)

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
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31 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.00 g)
Horse running left; palm below
ЄVC (Eustolos)
Rostovtsev 819; Rostovtsev & Prou 517; Munich 177; BM 1612-3; Kircheriano 1573-6; Toynbee, “Beasts and Their Names in the Roman Empire,” pl. VI, fig 18

Ex Artcoins Roma 23 (17 February 2015), lot 583

The reverse appears to bear the name of the horse, Eustolos, “the Ready.” Toynbee records 417 horse names, far more than any other beast, noting only a few dozen names for dogs, mules, bears, and other animals.
Ardatirion
phallus1.JPG
45 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.92 g, 12 h)
Horse standing right; C above
Erect phallus; A V flanking
Rostovtsev -

Rostovtsev1 gathers into one group all tesserae depicting the phallus, various iterations of the word Amor, and the extremely rare pieces depicting sexual acts. He assumes that these pieces were entrance tickets to the Lupanaria, ancient brothels. This association has caused many scholars to refuse to accept tesserae as currency, as they feel that such crude themes would never have been depicted on currency. Thornton2, however, convincingly argues that, as Mercury is sometimes depicted as a herm, a statuary type consisting of a bust set on a square pedestal adorned with only genitalia, the phallus is in fact an emblem of the god in his guise as a fertility deity.


1. Rostovtzev, Mikhail. 1905. Römische Bleitesserae. Ed. C.F. Lehmann and E Kornemann. Beiträge z. Liepzig: Theodor Weicher.

2. Thornton, M. K. 1980. “The Roman Lead Tesserae : Observations on Two Historical Problems Author.” Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte 29 3: 341-3
1 commentsArdatirion
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24 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.15 g, 12 h)
Togate priest standing left, holding patera
Modius with three grain ears, A C flanking
Rostowzew 1571 var. (size, no modius)

AC may stand for “Antoninus Caesar”, thereby making the togate figure the emperor in the guise of Pontifex Maximus. The presence of a modius also suggests a relation to the annona, implying a reading of “Annona Caesaris.”
Ardatirion
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63 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.53 g, 12h)
Victory standing right, foot on helmet, inscribing shield set on palm tree
Apex; palm frond to left
M. & B. Overbeck, “Romische Bleimarken als Zeugnis des Ersten Jüdischen Krieges,” in Helas und der Grechen Osten, p. 211-216, 1; Rostovtsev 1840, pl. VII, 37; BMC 802-4

The similarities between the obverse of this piece and the Judaea Capta issues of Caesarea Maritima cannot be overstated. This type, as well as a few others that bear the portrait of Vespasian or palm trees, undoubtedly played some role in the triumph that followed the conclusion of the First Jewish War.
2 commentsArdatirion
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16 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.57 g)
Figure standing right, playing auloi
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Gülbay & Kireç 133

Ex Naumann 52 (3 April 2017), lot 306
Ardatirion
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22 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera
Boar running right; [...]YX above, V below
Δ
Gülbay & Kireç -
Ardatirion
cross1.jpg
18 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.66 g)
Deeply punched cross shape with two additional annular punches
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç 153 (lacking the two annular punches)
Ardatirion
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33 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (15mm, 1.31 g)
Prawn right, surrounded by scallop, tunny, shark, and dolphin; X over Δ to right Retrograde P within wreath
Gülbay & Kireç -

Ex Tom Vossen Collection; Münzzentrum 150 (7 Jan 2009), lot 258
Ardatirion
00084x00.jpg
51 viewsUNITED STATES, Political campaign tokens. William Henry Harrison. President, March 4-April 4 1841.
Ć Political Medallet (23mm, 4.22 g, 12 h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dually dated 9 February 1773 and 1841
MAJ. GEN. W. H. HARRISON/ * BORN FEB. 9. 1773*
Bust of William Henry Harrison left in military uniform
STEAM BOAT VAN BUREN/ FOR SALT RIVER DIRECT.
Early steamboat sailing right with banner inscribed 1841; LOCO-FOCO/ LINE below. '
With attached contemporary ribbon.
Rulau HT 817; Low -
Ardatirion
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21 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (28.5mm, 8.53 g, 12h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1838.
AM I NOT A WOMAN & A SISTER, hained female slave kneeling right, raising arms in supplication; * 1838 * below UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, LIBERTY/ 1838 within wreath
Rulau HT 81; Low 54

Ex Album 33 (17 January 2019), lot 2542

June 1900 saw a brief flurry of journalistic interest in the "Am I Not A Woman & A Sister" tokens. A specimen had been found in a garden in Indiana, apparently in one of the many towns that claim a connection to the Underground Railroad, and received a glowing and fanciful write up in the local newspaper. The paper claimed that it was a "Talisman of Slavery," and used as a token to ensure safe passage along the escaped slave's route, and that it was a very rare piece. The following week a newspaper in Maine recorded that a local collector had another example, again drawing a purported connection to the Underground Railroad. Astutely, the July 1900 edition of the American Journal of Numismatics pointed out that, while an isolated use like this was possible, it was not what the tokens were originally intended for.
Ardatirion
DSC_0193.jpg
80 viewsINDONESIA, Sultanate of Palembang. Circa AD 1790's-1821
Tin Cash (20mm, 0.61 g)
Palembang mint
Shi Dan Li Bao in Hŕnzě
Blank
T.D. Yih, "Tiny Pitis Inscribed 'Shi-Dan' (Sultan) from Palembang," in ONS Newsletter 204 (Summer 2010), type I-1

Found in Palembang

Hang Li Po first appears in the Malay Annals as a Chinese princess sent to be the fifth bride of sultan Mansur Shah of Malacca. However, there is no reference to this event in official Ming documents. Li Po may merely be a beautiful concubine given to the Sultan. Alternatively, she may be the daughter of an otherwise unknown Chinese ruler in the area, to whom this coin may perhaps be attributed.
1 commentsArdatirion
00025x00.jpg
21 viewsAntoninus Pius. AD 138-161
PB As (28mm, 16.41 g, 12 h)
Western Europe (Spain?). Cast copying a Rome mint issue of AD 157-158
Laureate head right
Annona standing left, resting left foot on prow, holding modius and rudder; S C flanking
Cf. RIC III 997a

Found in Spain
Ardatirion
00032x00.jpg
18 viewsCaracalla. AD 198-217.
AR Denarius (19mm, 2.70 g, 6 h)
Britain? Copying a Rome mint issues of AD 212/214
Laureate head right
Annona seated left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia
Cf. RIC IV 195

Purportedly found in Britain
Ardatirion
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94 viewsCANADA, Tokens. Nova Scotia. William IV. King of Great Britain, 1830-1837.
CU Penny Token (34.5 mm, 14.27 g, 6 h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835.
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
ONE PENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-4A2; Breton 870

Canadian catalogs traditionally give this issue to an illicit mint in Montreal. Wayne Jacobs1 argues that these were struck in Belleville. While his methodology is somewhat questionable - most of his theory is based off a unreliable editorial in an 1893 edition of the Newark Sunday Call - his reasoning regarding this series is sound. He is able to clearly demonstrate that the halfpenny and penny tokens in question are a product of a single, cohesive establishment which could not have been located in Lower Canada. Finally, Jacobs' claim can be supported by documentary evidence from the Belleville mint's primary competitor, the Scoville Company of Waterbury, Connecticut. A letter from J.M.L. to W.H. Scoville, dated April 4 1839, states that, "a competitor was stamping Canada Nova Scotia and Southern coins at 35 cents a pound."

1. Jacobs, Wayne. 1996. “The Shadowy Issues of the Belleville Mint.” Canadian Numismatic Journal 41 1: 13–26.
1 commentsArdatirion
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27 viewsCANADA, Nova Scotia. William IV King of Great Britain, 1830-1837
CU Halfpenny Token
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
HALFPENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-3A1; Corteau 277; Breton 871

The first obverse die for the series. This obverse would be extensively reused, eventually rusting, being polished and re-engraved, and develop the diagnostic die break before the nose.
Ardatirion
NS_3A2.jpg
39 viewsCANADA, Nova Scotia. William IV King of Great Britain, 1830-1837
CU Halfpenny Token
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
HALFPENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-3A2; Corteau 278, tentative die state 6; Breton 871

“Old residents state that these counterfeits were brought, in large quantities to St. John, N.B., and from thence distributed through fishing vessels to Nova Scotian out ports. And informant tells of having seen a fisherman from Yarmouth paid for his catch in this coin.” R.W. McLachlan (Annals of the Nova Scotian Coinage, p. 37)
1 commentsArdatirion
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17 viewsCANADA, Nova Scotia. William IV King of Great Britain, 1830-1837
CU Halfpenny Token
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
HALFPENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 (over 1382) below
Charlton NS-3C; Corteau 281; Breton 871

This reverse die was initially engraved with the anachronistic date 1382, but was quickly caught and corrected, leaving only a handful of that extremely rare variety known today.
Ardatirion
NOwh23l.jpg
24 viewsCANADA, Nova Scotia. William IV King of Great Britain, 1830-1837
CU Halfpenny Token
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
HALFPENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-3D1; Corteau 282; Breton 871
Ardatirion
00090x00.jpg
74 viewsCANADA, Tokens. Nova Scotia. William IV. King of Great Britain, 1830-1837
CU Halfpenny Token (28mm, 8.47 g, 6 h)
John Walker & Company's mint. Dated 1832
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of George IV right
ONE PENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-1D1; Breton 871
1 commentsArdatirion
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43 viewsHAITI, Premier République. Jean Pierre Boyer. President, 1825-1843
Brass 25 Centimes (21mm, 1.99 g, 12h)
Contemporary counterfeit. Dated L'An 25 of the Republic (AD 1828/9)
J * BOYER * PRESIDENTE *, AN 25
Bust left
REPUBLIQUE D'HAITI */ 25 * C
Palm tree flanked by cannon and banners
KM 18.1a; cf. Arroyo 99 (for official issue); Lissade 95
Ardatirion
00055x00~0.jpg
47 viewsHAITI, Premier République. Jean Pierre Boyer. President, 1825-1843
Brass 50 Centimes (25.5mm, 4.26 g, 12h)
Contemporary counterfeit. Dated L'An 25 of the Republic (AD 1828/9)
J * BOYER * PRESIDENTE *, AN 25
Bust left
REPUBLIQUE D'HAITI */ 50 * C
Palm tree flanked by cannon and banners
KM 20a; cf. Arroyo 105 (for official issue); Lissade 96; iNumis 25, lot 1352

On 1 June 1835, local officials arrested engraver Joseph Gardner of Belleville on charges of counterfeiting. When searching his house, officials discovered dies for Spanish 8 reales in various states of completion, coining implements, a bag of gold dust, and several bags of "spurious Haytien coppers." Yet Gardner was not the only individual striking illicit Haitian coins. James Bishop of neighboring Bloomfield, New Jersey had been arrested several months before, and a third person was responsible for the issue brought to Haiti by Jeremiah Hamilton.

Today, two distinct issues of counterfeits can be identified: a group of 25 and 50 Centimes, clearly related in fabric, and two different dates of 100 Centimes. The smaller denominations are most often found lacking a silver plating, while the plating year 26 100 Centimes is fine enough to deceive the likes of NGC and Heritage. Additionally, there are a handful year 27 100 centimes overstruck on US large cents. While I have not yet found a regular strike from these dies, they are the most likely candidate for Belleville's production.
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30 viewsHAITI, Premier République. Jean Pierre Boyer. President, 1825-1843
Silvered Brass 50 Centimes (25mm, 4.55 g, 12h)
Contemporary counterfeit. Dated L'An 25 of the Republic (AD 1828/9)
J * BOYER * PRESIDENTE *, AN 25
Bust left
REPUBLIQUE D'HAITI */ 50 * C
Palm tree flanked by cannon and banners
KM 20a; cf. Arroyo 105 (for official issue); Lissade 96; iNumis 25, lot 1352
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42 viewsHAITI, Premier République. Jean Pierre Boyer. President, 1825-1843
Silvered CU 100 Centimes (31mm, 10.32 g, 12h)
Contemporary counterfeit. Dated L'An 27 of the Republic (AD 1830/1)
J * BOYER * PRESIDENTE *, AN 27
Bust left
REPUBLIQUE D'HAITI */ 100 * C
Palm tree flanked by cannon and banners
KM A23a; cf. Arroyo 117 (for official issue); Lissade 103
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64 viewsUNITED STATES, Native proto-currency. Seneca tribe.
Ganounata village (Honeoye Falls, NY). Circa AD 1625-1687
White wampum beads (apx. 5mm, 0.10g each)
Carved white shell beads with lateral hole for suspension in belt
Cf. William Martin Beauchamp, Wampum and Shell Articles Used by the New York Indians, p. 369

Found at the Dann Farm site in Honeoye Falls, NY.


In 1687 combined French and Huron forces, lead by the Marquis de Denonville, set out to undermine the strength of the Iriquois Confederacy. The main strike was made against Seneca villages in Western New York. Ganounata was burned during the campaign. This episode was only one in a long line of conflicts fought over control of the North American fur trade.

Wampum was used by Native Americans in woven belts of white and black beads. The white beads were crafted from the columella of the Channeled Whelk, the black from the quahog. Traditionally, wampum belts were used as a ceremonial object to initiate a trade contract. It was only with the coming of the Europeans that wampum began to function as coinage. In 1673, New York state officially set the value of wampum at six white beads to the Dutch stuiver, or three black until they fell out of use.
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48 viewsUNITED STATES, Pre-Federal. New Jersey. 1786-1789.
CU Penny. (27mm, 9.37 g)
Rahway Mills mint.
Dated 1787
* NOVA * CĆSAREA *, head of horse right; plow below
* E * PLURIBUS * UNUM *, shield
Whitman 5225; Maris 43-d
1 commentsArdatirion
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31 viewsUNITED STATES
Brass Pistareen – 2 Reales
Uncertain illicit mint in the New York City area, copying an issue of the Lima mint
Dated 1787 (LIMA) F, though struck circa 1800-1811 or 1820-1830
• CAROLVS III DEI GRATIA •
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; 1787 below
• HISPAN • ET IND • R EX • (LIMA) • F •
Crowned coat-of-arms flanked by Pillars of Hercules entwined with banners
Kleeburg dies 87A/M2
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46 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. Political issues
CU Cent Token (28mm, 8.11 g, 5 h)
Dies by William Eaves for the Scoville Co. of Waterbury, Connecticut.
Dually dated 1827 and 1835. Struck 1837.
MERCHANT EXCHANGE WALL ST N. YORK, facade of bank, BUILT 1827/ BURNT 1835
MILLIONS FOR DEFENCE, NOT/ ONE/ CENT/ FOR TRIBUTE within wreath
Rulau HT 293; Low -
1 commentsArdatirion
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20 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. Wooster, Ohio. Archer House. Circa 1878-1966
AL Twenty-five Cent Token (24mm, 1.48 g, 11h)
ARCHER HOUSE -:- around central hole
GOOD FOR/ 25˘/ IN TRADE

Archer House hotel was constructed in 1878 on the corner of Buckeye and Liberty Streets, on the site of the earlier wood frame Washington House tavern. The founders, tailor E.B. Connelly and his sister-in-law Melinda, named the establishment after Melinda's deceased son, Archer. Melinda Connelly later remarried to A.M. Parrish, with whom she would operate the hotel until her death. The property passed to heir great-grandson, on who's behalf it was sold to Dr. Alonzo Smith in 1923. Archer House was finally purchased by Robert Freeman in 1964, and was razed in 1966. Today, a two story professional building stands on the spot.
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21 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. Wooster, Ohio. Archer House. Circa 1878-1966.
AL Ten Cent Token (22.5mm, 1.28 g, 2h)
ARCHER HOUSE -:- around central hole
GOOD FOR/ 10˘/ IN TRADE
Lipscomb WO 8051; TC 226639

Archer House hotel was constructed in 1878 on the corner of Buckeye and Liberty Streets, on the site of the earlier wood frame Washington House tavern. The founders, tailor E.B. Connelly and his sister-in-law Melinda, named the establishment after Melinda's deceased son, Archer. Melinda Connelly later remarried to A.M. Parrish, with whom she would operate the hotel until her death. The property passed to heir great-grandson, on who's behalf it was sold to Dr. Alonzo Smith in 1923. Archer House was finally purchased by Robert Freeman in 1964, and was razed in 1966. Today, a two story professional building stands on the spot.
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16 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. Wooster, Ohio. Archer House. Circa 1878-1966.
AL Five Cent Token (21.5mm, 1.16 g, 8h)
ARCHER HOUSE -:- around central hole
GOOD FOR/ 5˘/ IN TRADE

Archer House hotel was constructed in 1878 on the corner of Buckeye and Liberty Streets, on the site of the earlier wood frame Washington House tavern. The founders, tailor E.B. Connelly and his sister-in-law Melinda, named the establishment after Melinda's deceased son, Archer. Melinda Connelly later remarried to A.M. Parrish, with whom she would operate the hotel until her death. The property passed to heir great-grandson, on who's behalf it was sold to Dr. Alonzo Smith in 1923. Archer House was finally purchased by Robert Freeman in 1964, and was razed in 1966. Today, a two story professional building stands on the spot.
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32 viewsBRITISH TOKENS, Tudor. temp. Mary–Edward VI.1553-1558.
PB Token (27mm, 5.29 g). St. Nicholas (‘Boy Bishop’) type. Cast in East Anglia (Bury St. Edmund’s?)
Mitre, croizer to right; all within border
Long cross pattée with trefoils in angles; scrollwork border
Rigold, Tokens class X.B, 1; Mitchiner & Skinner group Ra, 1

Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX.1 (Spring 2014), no. 973330

Britain in the late middle ages played host to a popular regional variant of the ‘Feast of Fools’ festival. Every year on the feast of St. Nicholas, a boy was elected from among the local choristers to serve as ‘bishop.’ Dressed in mitre and bearing the croizer of his office, the young boy paraded through the city accompanied by his equally youthful ‘priest’ attendants. The ‘bishop’ performed all the ceremonies and offices of the real bishop, save for the actual conducting of mass. Though this practice was extinguished with the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1539, it was briefly revived under Queen Mary, who took particular interest in the festival, when the lucky boy was referred to as ‘Queen Mary’s Child.’ The celebration of the boy bishop died out completely early in the reign of Elizabeth.

Evidence of this custom is particularly prevalent in East Anglia, specifically at Bury St. Edmunds. Beginning in the late 15th century, the region produced numerous lead tokens bearing the likeness of a bishop, often bearing legends relating to the festival of St. Nicholas. Issued in sizes roughly corresponding to groats, half groats, and pennies, these pieces were undoubtedly distributed by the boy bishop himself, and were likely redeemable at the local abbey or guild for treats and sweetmeats. Considering the endemic paucity of small change in Britain at the time, it is likely that, at least in parts of East Anglia, these tokens entered circulation along with the other private lead issues that were becoming common.
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55 viewsBRITISH TRADE TOKENS, Middlesex. London & Middlesex. Robert Reynolds & Co.
CU Halfpenny Token (31mm, 12.42 g, 6 h)
Dated 1799
LONDON & MIDDLESEX, draped bust of William Shakespeare left
HALFPENNY, Abundatia seated left on bale of cotton, extending hand and holding cornucopia; ship to left; 1799 in exergue
D&H 928
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10 viewsGERMANY, Kriegsgeld. Aachen
FE 25 Pfennigen (24mm, 5.08 g, 12h)
Dated 1920
Dog seated right; 1920 in exergue
STADT/ 25/ –AACHEN–
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9 viewsGERMANY, Kriegsgeld. Berleberg
FE 10 Pfennigen (20mm, 2.39 g, 12h)
Dated 1917
STADT BERLEBURG, civic coat-of-arms; below, *1917*
KRIEGSNOTGELD/ 10/ * PFENNIG *
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11 viewsGERMANY, Kriegsgeld. Bottrop
FE 10 Pfennigen (21mm, 4.08 g, 12h)
Dated 1919
STADT BOTTROP, tower of Bottrop City Hall
KRIEGSGELD 1918/ 10/ * PFENNIG *
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louis1-denier-melle-lin.JPG
D.609 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)49 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.48 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ META / . / LLVM

Louis' deniers correspond to his father's (Charles the Great) ``novus denarius'', whose weight is supposed to be near 1.7 g with a certain variability.

This denier is typical of Class 2 of Louis' coinage (819-822).
A circular inscription of the name of the ruler surrounds a cross pattée on the observe. The quite surprising Hlvdovvicvs initially comes from the germanic name Chlodowig ("Clovis"). This one was first transcribed to latin as Chlodowicvs. The initial C then disappeared, which explains the H at the beginning. The w(=vv) finally became a standard v, which gave Lvdovicvs (Louis). The imperial title imp is also given.

The reverse consists of the mint name, in field. The mint name may be split in 2 or 3 lines.
Droger
louis1-denier-quentovic.JPG
D.803 Louis the Pious (denier, Quentovic, class 2)17 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Quentovic, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.55 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ QVENTO / . / VICVS

Qventovic was a former port close to the English Channel in the northern part of France. It was a prominent trading place until it was abandoned, probably in the 11th century, because of Viking attacks.
Droger
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D.611 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)33 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 6 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obsverse is similar to the previous denier. The difference is that the mint name is around a cross pattée on the reverse. This type is scarer than the one with the mint name in the field. The presence of both types in a hoard shows that both date from the beginning of Louis' reign and belong to the same Class 2.
Grierson and Blackburn suggest that this difference is due to a misunderstanding of the mint instructions.
Droger
charles2-denier-melle-2.JPG
D.626 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1d, Melle)25 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.73 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX; cross pattée
R/ +METVLLO; carolingian monogram

This coinage with the shorter legend CΛRLVS REX is much rarer than the common one with the legend CΛRLVS REX FR. The composition of a hoard in Poitou suggests that this type can be unambiguously attributed to Charles the Bald. This coinage may have been minted at the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign, just before Pippin II took the control of Melle in 845.
Among the 12 known specimens, 5 have a deformed monogram, with the L and the S exchanging places, and on their sides. This feature, the shorter legend, as well as the unusual position of the legend opening cross on top of the monogram may suggest that there was some confusion in Melle at this time, when Charles gave back (temporarily) Aquitaine to Pippin.
The reverse is slightly double struck.
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D.627 Charles II the Bald (denier ?, class 1d, Melle)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle ?, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.35 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX R; cross pattée
R/ +METxVLLO; carolingian monogram

The x in METxVLLO on the reverse has been widely discussed.
For instance, Depeyrot understands it as an immobilization/feudal issue. The crude style of theses deniers and the lightly degenerate legend of this one (CARLVS REX R instead of REX FR) seems in coherence with this hypothesis. However, the x is always at the same place.
Moreover, this type of coin has been found in the Brioux hoard, which may be datable to the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign. Grierson and Blackburn suggest that these coins with x were mainly minted in Poitiers. Using the legend of the close Melle mint allowed to take advantage of the reputation of Melle coinage.
Coupland proposes that this METxVLLO type came after the METVLLO type after 860 and until round 925. Then, it was replaced by the MET/ALO type. In order to explain the differences of interpretation, Coupland thinks that several hoards were wrongly dated or described.
Droger
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D.762 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1e, Paris)28 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
"Temple" denier (Paris, class 1e, 840-864)

Silver, 1.70 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 4h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ +PΛRISII CIVITΛS; temple

The mint's name (Paris) stands in for the usual legend XPISTIANA RELIGIO. The royal authority may have been quite weak in the beginning of Charles' reign, and each mint may have been tempted to make a clear legend to characterize its own coinage.
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D.375 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Courcessin?)35 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Courcessin?, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.43 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +I.CVRTISΛSONIEH; cross pattée

In 864, Charles the Bald promulgated the edict of Pîtres, huge reform whose aim was to protect the kingdom from Viking raids. It also reinforced royal authority on minting, and created a new type of deniers . The new coins could be only struck at 10 mints (Palace, Chalon sur Saône, Melle, Narbonne, Orléans, Paris, Quentovic, Reims, Rouen and Sens). This limitation had never been applied, more than 110 mints struck the new coinage. This can be understood as a lack of control of the central autority. However it seems that several mints shared dies... Grierson and Blackburn proposed that only 10 main mints produced dies and partially outsourced coinage production ?
On the obverse is written GRATIA D-I REX (GDR) around a carolingian monogram. The alliance with Roman Church goes on... The reverse already existed for Class 1, with the mint name around a cross pattée.
Class 2 of Charles' coinage is made of these GDR deniers.

The precise localization of the mint in Normandie (north of France) is still not clear. According to Grierson and Blackburn, Courti(s) Sasonien(sis) may come from some groups of Saxons settled in northern part of Gaul.
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D.559 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Le Mans)12 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Le Mans, class 2, 864-875 or end of the 8th/beginning of the 10th century)

Silver, 1.42 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O: +G I RΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R: +CINOMΛNIS CIVITΛS; cross pattée

Due to the degenerate legend and monogram, this coin may be an immobilization.
Droger
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Dy.190C Louis IX (Saint Louis): Gros tournois57 viewsLouis IX, king of France (1226-1270)
Gros tournois (1266-1270)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.94 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: +LVDOVICVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

The full transcription of the obverse is: benedictvm sit nomen domini nostri dei Jesu Christi, which means ``blessed is the name of our Lord Jesus Christ'' (XPI is in fact a mix of greek and latin letters: χρI[STI]). This choice of religious legend is not surprising for a king as pious as Louis IX.

The value of the denier had become too small for use in commerce. So Louis IX introduced the Gros Tournois in 1266, with a value of 12 deniers tournois (12 is the number of lis, and also of letters of the obverse and reverse legends !). Gros means ``big'' or``thick'', and tournois ``of Tours'' (Tours is a french city). The inner part of a Gros tournois is similar to a denier tournois. An outer circle has been added with the christian legend on the obverse and 12 fleur-de-lis (symbol of French kingship) on the reverse.

Gros tournois were struck in France and entire Europe during one century.
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Dy.202A Philip III (the Bold): Gros tournois 38 viewsPhilip III, king of France (1270-1285)
Gros tournois (1270-1280)

Silver (958 ‰), 4.04 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 1h30
O: inner circle: +PhILIPVS.REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONV.S.CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This type exactly continued the Gros tournois of Saint Louis, Philip's father.
Droger
philippe4-grostournois-orond.JPG
Dy.213 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a round O37 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with a round O (1280-1290)

Silver (958 ‰), 4.07 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS.CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign). The only difference with the Gros tournois of the first part of Philip III's reign is PHILIPPVS, spelled with 2 P intead of 1.
Droger
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Dy.214 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a long 032 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with long 0 (1290-1295)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.96 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVR0NVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

The only difference between this emission and the previous one is the 0 in TVR0NVS, which is now long instead of round.
Droger
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Dy.217 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a long 0 and a lily26 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with long 0 and a lily (1298)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.98 g, diameter 27 mm, die axis 7h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS(ringlet)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVR0NVS*CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis
Droger
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Dy.219d Philip IV (the Fair): maille tierce with a round O23 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Maille tierce with round O (09/1306)

Silver (958 ‰), 1.27 g, diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄn⋮DOmInI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis

Droger
philippe4-denier-parisis-orond.JPG
Dy.221 Philip IV (the Fair): denier parisis with a round O 10 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Denier tournois with round O (1280-1290)

Billon (359 ‰), 0.94 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 7h
O: PhILIPPVS REX; FRA/OCN
R: +PARISIVS CIVIS; croix pattée

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign).
Droger
philippe4-denier-tournois-orond.JPG
Dy.223 Philip IV (the Fair): denier tournois with a round O 16 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Denier tournois with round O (1280-1290)

Billon (299 ‰), 1.00 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 4h
O: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS CIVIS; châtel tournois

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign). The only difference with the denier tournois of the first part of Philip III's reign is PHILIPPVS, spelled with 2 P intead of 1.
Droger
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Dy.223A Philip IV (the Fair): denier tournois with a round O 11 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Denier tournois with round O (1280-1290)

Billon (299 ‰), 1.10 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 7h
O: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS•CIVISx; châtel tournois

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign). The only difference with the denier tournois of the first part of Philip III's reign is PHILIPPVS, spelled with 2 P intead of 1.
Droger
philippe4-obole-tournois-orond.JPG
Dy.224 Philip IV (the Fair): obol tournois with a round O 7 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Obol tournois with round O (1280-1290)

Billon (270 ‰), 0.55 g, diameter 15 mm, die axis 2h
O: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS CIVIS; châtel tournois

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign).
Droger
philippe5-gros-tournois.JPG
Dy.238 Philip V (the Tall): Gros tournois 25 viewsPhilip V, king of France (1316-1322)
Gros tournois (1318)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.93 g, diameter 26mm, die axis 12h

O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS(hammer)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮
SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV⋮XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS(hammer)CIVIS; châtel tournois;
outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

At first sight, Philip V's gros tournois are very similar to his father's ones. However, the general style is quite different: Philip V's tournois have a stretched castle, thiner letters with more space between them (especially for TVRONVS CIVIS), n of nOmЄ is an n but not an N) and ⋮ instead of . between IhV and XPI. Moreover, it is commonly thought that a hammer (like here) or a crescent separating TVRONVS/CIVIS and PHILIPPVS/REX is a typical feature of Philip V.

Philip V's gros tournois are scarcer than Philip IV's. His reign was shorter and a silver lack prevented him from minting as much as he wanted. Philip had to forbid the production of silver items like dishes in order to keep silver for minting.
Droger
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Dy.243 Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 1st emission7 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 1st emission (03/02/1324)

Silver (798 ‰), 1.82 g, diameter 22 mm, die axis 2h
O: inner circle: +kAROLVS(diamond)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT#8942nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANChORVm*; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis

The h of FRANChORVm is characteristic of the first emission.

Charles was the younger and third son of former king Philip the Fair. He was consequently not supposed to rule. However, as his two brothers successively died without any living son, he became king in 1322. Six years later, he also died without a male heir. So ended up the capetian senior line in 1328.
The legend began then... Jacques de Molay, last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, had cursed King Philip the Fair and his descendants from his execution pyr in 1314. Was the curse finally efficient ?
Charles'cousin, his nearest parent, became then king of France as Philip VI.
Droger
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Dy.243A Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 2ond emission22 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 2ond emission (07/1324)

Silver (798 ‰), 1.74 g, diameter 21-22 mm, die axis 10h
O: inner circle: +(spade)kAROLVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT(ring)nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm(ring); châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis, the top one being between 2 dots, which is characteristic of the 2ond emission




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Dy.243D Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 3rd emission10 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 3rd emission (07/23/1326)

Silver (718 ‰), 1.64 g, diameter 22 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +kAROLVS(square)RE•X•; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT(ring)nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis, the top one being between 2 dots

The RE•X• on the reverse is characteristic of the 3rd emission. Most of the time, the top fleur-de-lis is also surrounded by two dots, similarly to the 2ond emission.



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Dy.262 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la couronne, 1st emission7 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la couronne, 1st emission (01/01/1337)

Silver (851 ‰), 2.51 g, diameter 25 mm, die axis 5h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

Philip VI is the first non direct capetian king. He was the cousin of the 3 previous kings.
The Gros tournois hadn't changed since its creation by Saint Louis. During Philip VI's reign, 3 new types of Gros were struck, with lighter weight and less silver. These monetary difficulties may be related to the premisses of the One Hundred Years' war and French military defeats.

The 3 bullets in the chatel (without any star below) are characteristic of the 1st emission.
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Dy.262A1 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la couronne, 2ond emission30 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la couronne, 2ond emission (10/31/1338)

Silver (639 ‰), 2.44 g, diameter 23 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm(T); châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside and a star below; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis
(slightly double struck) reverse

The 3 bullets in the chatel and the star below are characteristic of the 2ond emission.
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Dy.262B Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la couronne, 3rd emission25 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la couronne, 3rd emission (01/29/1340)

Silver (559 ‰), 2.33 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 3h
O: inner circle: PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 2x inside and a ringlet below; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

As expected, the silver percentage is lower than for the previous emission.
The 2 x in the chatel (quite hard to distinguish !) and the ringlet below are characteristic of the 3rd emission.
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Dy.262C Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la couronne, 4th emission17 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la couronne, 4th emission (04/06/1340)

White billon (479 ‰), 2.16 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 3h
O: inner circle: PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée and 4 ringlets at its boundaries; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown and 2 fleurs-de-lis, with a ring inside; a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis and a small cross

The silver content goes on lowering.
The ring in the chatel is characteristic of the 4th emission.
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Dy.263 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la fleur de lis, 2ond emission ?11 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la fleur de lis (3 emissions between 1341 and 1343)

White billon (479 ‰), 2.50 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 6h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS.REX; cross pattée with a fleur-de-lis in the NE quadrant; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; fleur-de-lis; outer circle: a circle of 10 fleur-de-lis

The 3 emissions are very similar, the weight is the only difference. This coin may belong to the 2ond emission.
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Dy.265 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la queue33 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la queue (09/27/1348 and 01/15/1349)

White billon (479 ‰), 3.33 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 6h
O: inner circle: (crown)PhILIP-PVS.REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV⋮XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS.CIVIS; châtel tournois with 3 archs under a crown; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This Gros was struck at the end of Philip's reign and contains a quite small amount of silver.
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D.1155 Louis II the Stammerer (denier, Visé)5 viewsLouis II the Stammerer, king of the Franks (877-879)
Denier (Tours)

Silver, 0,79 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 8h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS REX; KRLS monogram of Charles (legend beginning at 10h)
R/ +IN VICO VIOSΛTO; croix pattée

The KRLS (Karolus) monogram appears on this coinage of Louis II. One can imagine that there hadn't been much time to think about a new monogram just after Charles II's death.

Louis II was physically quite weak and died 2 years after his father Charles II. His reign was consequently very short.
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D.1041 Louis III (denier, Tours)31 viewsLouis III, king of the Franks (879-882)
Denier (Tours)

Silver, 1.78 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +IIISIRICORDIΛ DI REX; Louis' monogram (legend beginning at 3h)
R/ +HTVR◊NES CIVITAS; croix pattée

Louis III became king of West Francia at 16 after his father Louis II died quite young. As he was the only living son of Charles II, Louis II had inherited the full kingdom of West Francia from his father. At opposite, when Louis II died, his sons Louis III and Carloman II divided the kingdom into a northern part for Louis III and a southern part for his brother Carloman II. During his reign, Louis III (in alliance with his brother) achieved military successes, especially against Vikings. However, Louis III's reign didn't last long. Louis III died inadvertently at 19 while chasing a girl on his horse. He hit violently the lintel of a door with his head.
Louis III's coinage is hard to distinguish from Louis II's. Both bear the same name et both reigns were very short. Three kinds of coins can be found:
* coins with legend LVDOVICS REX and a KRLS monogram : these coins have been found for northern and southern mints and are consequently given for Louis II;
* coins with a LVDOVICVS monogram ; they have only been found for the northern mints, and are consequently supposed to be Louis III's;
* coins of Toulouse with LV/DO, imitating the ones of Charles emperor with CA/RL. The attribution to Louis II seems to be straightforward due to the southern position.
The legend of the coin is different from the traditional Gratia di Rex, but still shows a religious origin. However its success remained very limited, with some scare coins of Louis III and Eudes.
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RIC.373 Rome commemorative (AE3, Vrbs Roma, Arles, wreath)21 viewsRome commemorative
AE3 (332-333, Arles mint, 1st officine)

bronze, 18 mm diameter, 1.97 g, die axis: 6 h

A/ VRBS ROMA; helmeted and mantled bust of ROMA, left
R/ She-wolf with twins, two stars above and a wreath between, PCONST in exergue

Ferrando II 962 (C3)
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S.1148 Aethelred II (crux penny, Winchester)17 viewsAethelred II, king of the English (978-1013 and 1014-1016)
Crux penny (moneyer: Brithmaer, mint: Winchester)

A/ +ΛEDELRED REX ΛNGLR X (AE and NG ligated) around central circle enclosing diademed & draped bust left holding a scepter
R/ BYRTHMΛER M-O PIN (AR ligated) around central circle containing voided cross with pellet center, C R V X in angles

silver, 1.65 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h
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S.1151 Aethelred II (long cross penny, Winchester)8 viewsAethelred II, king of the English (978-1013 and 1014-1016)
Long cross penny (moneyer: Godwine, mint: Canterbury, 997-1003)

A/ +ΛEDELRED REX ΛNGLO (AE and NG ligated) around central circle enclosing draped bust left
R/ +GODE-PINE-MΩO-CΛENT (NE and ΛE ligated) ; long voided cross with terminal lunettes

silver, 1.65 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h
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RIC.188 Constans (AE4, Victoriae DD Avgg Q NN)14 viewsConstans, caesar (333-337), western emperor (337-350)
AE4: Victoriae DD Avgg Q NN (346-358, Trčves mint)

bronze, 15mm diameter, 1.65g, die axis 6h

A/ CONSTAN-S P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ VICTORIAE DD AVGG Q NN / TRS in exergue / * in field; 2 facing Victories holding palm and wreath
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Vienne archibishopric : denier (Vienne)26 viewsVienne archibishopric, anonymous (1200-1250)

Silver, 0.66 g, diameter 16 mm, die axis 5h

O/ +•S•M•VIENNA•; left bearded and bare head of Saint Maurice
R/ MAXIMA.GALL (dashed L); cross pattée with 4 pellets
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D.740 Eudes (denier, Orléans)10 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Orléans)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 10h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D TI; Eudes'monogram R / ◊D◊ / EX (inverted E) (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITAS; cross pattée

Contrary to Charlemagne and Charles the Bald, Eudes seems to have had some problems to choose a monogram or to explain to all mints how it had to look like...
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D.511 Eudes (denier, Limoges, immobilization)17 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Limoges)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 2h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ DI RE; odonic monogram + / ◊D◊ / + (legend beginning at 5h)
R/ +LIM◊VICΛS CIVIS ; cross pattée

This type was immobilized for 50 years ('til the middle of the 10th century).
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S.1158 Cnut (pointed helmet penny, London)17 viewsCnut, king of England (1016-1035)
Pointed helmet penny (moneyer: Edwerd, mint: London, 1024-1030)

A/ +CNVT: - RECX A: around central circle enclosing bust in pointed helmet left holding scepter
R/ +ELEDERD ON LV(ND): around central circle enclosing quarters of short voided cross with circles in centre

silver, 1.04 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 7h

Peck marks are very common on these pennies. A large part of them was minted in order to pay the danegeld (tax raised to pay tribute to Vikings to save a land from their raids). These peck marks are supposed to have been made by Danes when checking the penny was in good silver.

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D.733 Rudolph (denier, Orléans)8 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Orléans)

Silver, 1.27 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +CRΛTIΛ D-I REX; monogram RDFS (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛ cross pattée

This monogram is clearly an imitation of the tradition KRLS Charles' one. As often in Orléans' coinage, the I after an L in Avrelianis is in the angle of the L.
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D.308B Rudolph (denier, Château-Landon)19 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Château-Landon)

Silver, 1.16 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 4h

O/ +CRΛTIΛ D-I; odonic monogram of Rodolf (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +CΛSTIS LIΛNDNI; cross pattée

The R on the top of the monogram and the F below are for Rodulfus. The 2 lozenges on the sides may come from Eudes' monogram (Oddo). Eudes was the brother of Rudolph's father-in-law... sort of family alliance against Carolingians (although Rudolph's aunt had been married to Charles the Bald...). The I and the X are more mysterious.

According to Dumas, this coinage may have been struck after Rudolph's dead, by Hugues the Great, his brother-in-law... family business still.
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D.abs Rudolph (denier, Orléans)49 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Orléans)

Silver, 1.14 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 11h

O/ +CRΛTI[Λ D-I R]EX; monogram (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛ cross pattée

Same monogram as the previous coin minted in Château-Landon.
Same conclusions: according to Dumas, this coinage may have been struck after Rudolph's dead, by Hugh the Great.

As often in Orléans' coinage, the I after an L in Avrelianis is in the angle of the L.
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11 viewsGERMANY, Kriegsgeld. Lembeck
FE 10 Pfennigen (18mm, 2.99 g, 12h)
Dated 1919
"1000 Jährige Vehm-Eiche * zu Erle *", oak tree
"Herrlichkeil Lembeck"/ 19 5 19/ " * Pfennig *"
Ardatirion
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12 viewsGERMANY, Kriegsgeld. Münster.
FE 25 Pfennigen (23mm, 5.15 g, 12h)
Dated 1918
STADT MÜNSTER I/W, civic coat-of-arms; * KRIEGSGELD * below
25/ PFENNIG/ 1918 within ornamented square tablet
Ardatirion
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S.1182 Edward the Confessor (hammer cross penny, York)5 viewsEdward the Confessor, king of England (1042-1066)
Hammer cross penny (moneyer: Thorr, mint: York, 1059-1062)

A/ +EΛDPΛRD-DRE; crowned, bearded bust right, scepter before
R/ +DORR ON EOFRPICE (barred D); hammer cross, annulet in one quarter

silver, 1.40 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 6h



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D.207 Lothair (denier, Bourges, immobilization ?)11 viewsLothair, king of the Franks (954-986)
Denier (Bourges)

Silver, 1.31 g, 22 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O/ +IOTERIVS REX; cross pattée
R/ +BITVRICES CIVIT; degenerated monogram

This type was immobilized 'til the beginning of the XI century.
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S.1257 William I the Conqueror (PAXS penny, London)15 viewsWilliam I the Conqueror, king of England (1066-1087)
PAXS penny (moneyer: Alfred, mint: London, 1083-1086?)

A/ +PILLELM RE; crowned bust facing, sceptre to right; clasp on shoulder
R/ +IELFRE ON LVNDN; cross with the letters PAXS in circles in the angles

silver, 1.40 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 6h

This type may have been struck by William II, son of William I.


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8 viewsGERMANY, Kriegsgeld. Siegen.
FE 10 Pfennigen (22mm, 4.07 g, 12h)
Dated 1918
Civic coat-of-arms; STADT SIEGEN below
KRIEGSGELD 1918/ 10/ * PFENNIG *
Ardatirion
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14 viewsGERMANY, Kriegsgeld. Uncertain. Kantine Schürmeyer.
ZN 50 Pfennigen Token (23mm, 3.30 g, 1h)
"Kantine/ (rosette)/ Schürmeyer"
Large 50
Menzel 16660.1; TC 208156

Not properly a "kriesgeld," but possibly a token with military connections, perhaps for an officer's mess. Listed as a 'maverick' in Menzel.
Ardatirion
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S.2233 Henry VII Tudor (sovereign type penny, Durham)9 viewsHenry VII Tudor, king of England (1485-1509) and Bishop Richard Fox
Sovereign type penny (mint: Durham)

A/ [hENRIC] DI [GRA RE]X A[NG]; king seated on throne with one pilar, holding scepter and orb
R/ [CIVI-TA]S-DIR-hAm; royal shield on cross, mitre above, D and R on the sides

silver, 0.55 g, diameter 15 mm, die axis 8h
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"As de Nîmes" or "crocodile" Ӕ dupondius of Nemausus (9 - 3 BC), honoring Augustus and Agrippa34 viewsIMP DIVI F , Heads of Agrippa (left) and Augustus (right) back to back, Agrippa wearing rostral crown and Augustus the oak-wreath / COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm-shoot with short dense fronds and tip right; two short palm offshoots left and right below, above on left a wreath with two long ties streaming right.

Ӕ, 24.5 x 3+ mm, 13.23g, die axis 3h; on both sides there are remains of what appears to be gold plating, perhaps it was a votive offering? Rough edges and slight scrapes on flan typical for this kind of coin, due to primitive technology (filing) of flan preparation.

IMPerator DIVI Filius. Mint of COLonia NEMausus (currently Nîmes, France). Known as "As de Nîmes", it is actually a dupontius (lit. "two-pounder") = 2 ases (sometimes cut in halves to get change). Dupondii were often made out of a golden-colored copper alloy (type of brass) "orichalcum" and this appears to be such case.

Key ID points: oak-wreath (microphotography shows that at least one leaf has a complicated shape, although distinguishing oak from laurel is very difficult) – earlier versions have Augustus bareheaded, no PP on obverse as in later versions, no NE ligature, palm with short fronds with tip right (later versions have tip left and sometimes long fronds). Not typical: no clear laurel wreath together with the rostral crown, gold (?) plating (!), both features really baffling.

But still clearly a "middle" kind of the croc dupondius, known as "type III": RIC I 158, RPC I 524, Sear 1730. It is often conservatively dated to 10 BC - 10 AD, but these days it is usually narrowed to 9/8 - 3 BC.

It is a commemorative issue, honoring the victory over Mark Antony and conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. The heads of Augustus and Agrippa were probably positioned to remind familiar obverses of Roman republican coins with two-faced Janus. Palm branch was a common symbol of victory, in this case grown into a tree, like the victories of Augustus and Agrippa grown into the empire. The two offshoots at the bottom may mean two sons of Agrippa, Gaius and Lucius, who were supposed to be Augustus' heirs and were patrons of the colony. Palm may also be a symbol of the local Nemausian deity, which was probably worshiped in a sacred grove. When these coins were minted, the colony was mostly populated by the settled veterans of Augustus' campaigns, hence the reminiscence of the most famous victory, but some of the original Celtic culture probably survived and was assimilated by Romans. The crocodile is not only the symbol of Egypt, like in the famous Octavian's coins AEGYPTO CAPTA. It is also a representation of Mark Antony, powerful and scary both in water and on land, but a bit slow and stupid. The shape of the crocodile with tail up was specifically chosen to remind of the shape of ship on very common "legionary" denarius series, which Mark Antony minted to pay his armies just before Actium. It is probably also related to the popular contemporary caricature of Cleopatra, riding on and simultaneously copulating with a crocodile, holding a palm branch in her hand as if in triumph. There the crocodile also symbolized Mark Antony.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was born c. 64-62 BC somewhere in rural Italy. His family was of humble and plebeian origins, but rich, of equestrian rank. Agrippa was about the same age as Octavian, and the two were educated together and became close friends. He probably first served in Caesar's Spanish campaign of 46–45 BC. Caesar regarded him highly enough to send him with Octavius in 45 BC to train in Illyria. When Octavian returned to Rome after Caesar's assassination, Agrippa became his close lieutenant, performing many tasks. He probably started his political career in 43 BC as a tribune of the people and then a member of the Senate. Then he was one of the leading Octavian's generals, finally becoming THE leading general and admiral in the civil wars of the subsequent years.

In 38 as a governor of Transalpine Gaul Agrippa undertook an expedition to Germania, thus becoming the first Roman general since Julius Caesar to cross the Rhine. During this foray he helped the Germanic tribe of Ubii (who previously allied themselves with Caesar in 55 BC) to resettle on the west bank of the Rhine. A shrine was dedicated there, possibly to Divus Caesar whom Ubii fondly remembered, and the village became known as Ara Ubiorum, "Altar of Ubians". This quickly would become an important Roman settlement. Agrippina the Younger, Agrippa's granddaughter, wife of Emperor Claudius and mother of Emperor Nero, would be born there in 15 AD. In 50 AD she would sponsor this village to be upgraded to a colonia, and it would be renamed Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (colony of Claudius [at] the Altar of Agrippinians – Ubii renamed themselves as Agrippinians to honor the augusta!), abbreviated as CCAA, later to become the capital of new Roman province, Germania Inferior.

In 37 BC Octavian recalled Agrippa back to Rome and arranged for him to win the consular elections, he desperately needed help in naval warfare with Sextus Pompey, the youngest son of Pompey the Great, who styled himself as the last supporter of the republican cause, but in reality became a pirate king, an irony since his father was the one who virtually exterminated piracy in all the Roman waters. He forced humiliating armistice on the triumvirs in 39 BC and when Octavian renewed the hostilities a year later, defeated him in a decisive naval battle of Messina. New fleet had to be built and trained, and Agrippa was the man for the job. Agrippa's solution was creating a huge secret naval base he called Portus Iulius by connecting together lakes Avernus, Avernus and the natural inner and outer harbors behind Cape Misenum at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples. He also created a larger type of ship and developed a new naval weapon: harpax – a ballista-launched grapnel shot with mechanisms that allowed pulling enemy ships close for easy boarding. It replaced the previous boarding device that Romans used since the First Punic War, corvus – effective, but extremely cumbersome. A later defence against it were scythe blades on long poles for cutting ropes, but since this invention was developed in secret, the enemy had no chance to prepare anything like it. It all has proved extremely effective: in a series of naval engagements Agrippa annihilated the fleet of Sextus, forced him to abandon his bases and run away. For this Agrippa was awarded an unprecedented honour that no Roman before or after him received: a rostral crown, "corona rostrata", a wreath decorated in front by a prow and beak of a ship.

That's why Virgil (Aeneid VIII, 683-684), describing Agrippa at Actium, says: "…belli insigne superbum, tempora navali fulgent rostrata corona." "…the proud military decoration, gleams on his brow the naval rostral crown". Actium, the decisive battle between forces of Octavian and Mark Antony, may appear boring compared to the war with Sextus, but it probably turned out this way due to Agrippa's victories in preliminary naval engagements and taking over all the strategy from Octavian.

In between the wars Agrippa has shown an unusual talent in city planning, not only constructing many new public buildings etc., but also greatly improving Rome's sanitation by doing a complete overhaul of all the aqueducts and sewers. Typically, it was Augustus who later would boast that "he had found the city of brick but left it of marble", forgetting that, just like in his naval successes, it was Agrippa who did most of the work. Agrippa had building programs in other Roman cities as well, a magnificent temple (currently known as Maison Carrée) survives in Nîmes itself, which was probably built by Agrippa.

Later relationship between Augustus and Agrippa seemed colder for a while, Agrippa seemed to even go into "exile", but modern historians agree that it was just a ploy: Augustus wanted others to think that Agrippa was his "rival" while in truth he was keeping a significant army far away from Rome, ready to come to the rescue in case Augustus' political machinations fail. It is confirmed by the fact that later Agrippa was recalled and given authority almost equal to Augustus himself, not to mention that he married Augustus' only biological child. The last years of Agrippa's life were spent governing the eastern provinces, were he won respect even of the Jews. He also restored Crimea to Roman Empire. His last service was starting the conquest of the upper Danube, were later the province of Pannonia would be. He suddenly died of illness in 12 BC, aged ~51.

Agrippa had several children through his three marriages. Through some of his children, Agrippa would become ancestor to many subsequent members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He has numerous other legacies.
Yurii P
tiberius_denarius_res_trib.jpg
"Tribute Penny"--TIBERIUS95 views14 - 37 AD
minted 18 - 35 AD
AR Denarius ("Tribute Penny")
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS; laureate head right
R: PONTIF MAXIM; Livia as Pax, seated right on throne with ornate legs, holding long scepter and olive branch; single line below
Lugdunum mint
RIC 30, RSC 16a
laney
Widows_mite.JPG
"Widows Mite"26 views103-76 BC
Alexander Jannaeus
1 commentsJRoME
normal_tiberius_denarius_res_trib~0.jpg
(00040a) LIVIA (with Tiberius)34 views(wife of Augustus; mother of Tiberius; grandmother of Claudius)
b. 58 BC - d. 29 AD
minted 18 - 35 AD
AR Denarius ("Tribute Penny")
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS; laureate head right
R: PONTIF MAXIM; Livia as Pax, seated right on throne with ornate legs, holding long scepter and olive branch; single line below
Lugdunum mint
RIC 30, RSC 16a
laney
hadrian_annona.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN41 views117 - 138 AD
AE Dupondius 27 mm 13 g
O: IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG. Radiate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder.
R: PONT MAX T-R POT COS II / S - C / ANNONA AVG. Annona standing left with cornucopiae and corn ears over modius, prow to her right.
cf RIC 549 ff
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hadrian_salus_standingblkres~0.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN31 views117 - 138 AD
AE 25 mm 9.38 g
O: laureate head right
R: S-C, Annona standing left holding corn ears over modius and rudder on prow of galley to right
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hadrian_panther_alexandria.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN17 views117 - 138 AD
Struck 126/7
AE obol 18.5 mm; 4.33 g
O: Laureate bust of Hadrian right
R: Panther standing right, head inverted to left; date above.
Egypt, Alexandria; cf. Geissen 974. Kampmann-Ganschow 134, 32.443
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A__PIUS_07_06.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS22 views138 - 161 AD
Struck 148-149 AD
AE As 24 mm 9.24 g
O: LAUR HEAD R
R: ELELPHANT, RIGHT COS IIII IN EXE.
(REV. TYPE REFERS TO GAMES CELEBRATING 900TH ANNIVERSARY OF ROME)
ROME
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annona_res.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS39 views138 - 161 AD
Struck 140-144 AD.
AE As 27 mm 9.35 g
O: IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right
R: TR POT XIIII COS IIII S-C, ANNONA AVG in ex. Annona seated left, holding corn ears and cornucopia, modius to left
RIC III, 880; Cohen 49
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a_pius_annona.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS18 views138 - 161 AD
AE 26.5 mm, 8.57 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Annona seated left, holding corn ears and cornucopiae, modius to left
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a_pius_annona_seated_r_res_copy.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS18 views138 - 161 AD
Struck 155-156 AD
AE As 23..5 mm 10.47 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Annona seated right, modius at foot, and holding coruncopia with both hands
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a_pius_annona_stand_sest_res.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS23 views138 - 161 AD
AE SESTERTIUS 31.5 mm 24.08 g
O: LAUR HEAD R
R: ANNONA STANDING R HOLDING CORNUCOPIA AND GRAIN EAR OVER MODIUS, PROW TO R
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a_pius_annona_cippus_fruit_res.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS30 views138 - 161 AD
AE As 26 mm, 8.17 g
O: Laureate bust right
R: Annona standing facing, head right, holding modius on cippus in right hand, branch in left hand, basket of fruit to right, S-C
Rome
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anton_pius_annona.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS15 views138-161 AD
Struck 150/151AD
AE As 27.5 mm max., 10.19 g
O. IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, Laureate head right.
R. TR POT XIIII COS IIII / S-C, Annona seated left, holding corn ears over modius and cornucopiae; ANNONA AVG in exergue.
Rome mint; RIC 880.
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a_pius_annona_1.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS14 views138 - 161 AD
Struck 155-156 AD
AE As 23 mm 10.48 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Annona seated right, modius at foot, and holding coruncopia with both hands
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antoninus_annona_seated_2.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS10 views138 - 161 AD
Struck 155-156 AD
AE As 27 mm 11 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Annona seated right, modius at foot, and holding coruncopia with both hands
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A_PIUS_RAD_ANNONA_RUDDER.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS5 views138-161 AD
Ć Dupondius 24.5 mm, 10.56 g
O: Radiate head right
R: Annona standing facing, head left, holding grain ears and rudder
Rome mint
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a_pius_annona~0.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS6 views138-161 AD
Ć 26.5 mm, 9.58 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Annona standing facing, head left, holding grain ears and rudder
Rome mint
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marcus_aurel_miletos_res_d.jpg
(0161) MARCUS AURELIUS25 views161-180 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.70 g
O: M AVP AV KAI ANTΩNЄINOC, laureate head right
R: ЄPI ΘЄMICTOKΛЄOU MIΛHCIΩN NЄOKOPΩN, archaic cult statue of Apollo Didymaios standing left, holding stag in right hand and bow in arrow in left
Miletos; Mionnet 3, 169f. 788
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m_aurelius_limes_denarius_d.jpg
(0161) MARCUS AURELIUS (limes denarius)20 views161-180 AD
struck 164/5
Limes Denarius 18 mm, 2.11 g
O: M ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS, laureate head right.
R: P M TR P XIX IMP III COS III, Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius, and cornucopia in left hand
Rome; cf RIC 125
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commod_concord_milit_RESIZED.jpg
(0177) Commodus (Concordia Militum)282 views177 - 192 AD
Struck 185 AD
Sestertius 28mm 20.51 g
OBV: Laur Head R
REV: Concordia Militum standing L holding 2 legionary standards/SC

Coin was minted in 186 AD and refers to the unity of purpose among legions that enabled the suppression of Perennis' plot against Commodus in 185 AD
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commod_concord_milit_RESIZED~0.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--CONCORDIA MILITUM56 views177 - 192 AD
Struck 185 AD
Sestertius 28mm 20.51 g
OBV: Laur Head R
REV: Concordia Militum standing L holding 2 legionary standards/SC

Coin was minted in 186 AD and refers to the unity of purpose among legions that enabled the suppression of Perennis' plot against Commodus in 185 AD
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commodus_kybele_hadri_rev.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--HADRIANOPOLIS46 views177 - 192 AD
(under governor of Thrace Julius Castus)
AE 28 mm; 16.62 g
O: AY KAI Λ AYPH KOMOΔOC draped bust right
R: Cybele riding lion running right
Thrace, Hadrianopolis
Jurukova, Hadrianopolis 124 (V 75/R 124), citing specimens in Munich and Paris
d.s.

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sept_sev_hermes_res.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS41 views193 - 211 AD
AE 17 nnm 2,47 g
O: laureate bust right
R: Hermes standing left holding purse and caduceus
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
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sept_sev_herak_beig_res.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS37 views193-211 AD
AE 25.5 mm, 8.66 g
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
O: AVT L CEPT -[ CEVHR PER] laureate head right
R: VP AV[R GALLOV] [NIKOPOLI]TWN / PROC ICTR; bow in exe; Cretan Bull with uplifted forelegs and raised tail left; Herakles, nude, running beside him left, grasping s the bull's horns to subdue him; club on ground behind Herakles’ right foot
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1309; b) Varbanov (engl.) 2710 corr. (doesn't mention club and bow)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 8.14.14.25
d) Voegtli type 4m; Stoll, Herakles 39
Rare
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
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septimius_cretan_bull_x.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS19 views193-211 AD
AE 25.5 mm, 8.66 g
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
O: AVT L CEPT -[ CEVHR PER] laureate head right
R: VP AV[R GALLOV] [NIKOPOLI]TWN Cretan Bull with uplifted forelegs and raised tail left; Herakles, nude, running beside him left, grasping s the bull's horns to subdue him; club on ground behind Herakles’ right foot; PPOC ICTP and bow in exergue.
MOESIA INFERIOR. Nicopolis ad Istrum; AMNG I 1309. Varbanov 2134. Voegtli type 4m. Stoll, Herakles 39. Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 8.14.14.25 Very rare
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septim_diony_retrograde_leg_b.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS (Retrograde Reverse Legend)25 views193-211 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.41 g
(struck under governor Aurelius Gallus)
O: [AV KL] CEP - CEVHRO[C P] Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
R: VP AVR GALL - OV NIKOPOLIT / PROC I (retrograde, beginning at 5 o'clock, counterclockwise)
Dionysos, nude, wearing boots, standing left, resting with raised left hand on thyrsos, lowered right hand holding kantharos and pouring
wine
ref. a) not in AMNG
obv. AMNG I/1, 1304
rev. legend not in AMNG
AMNG I/1, 1306 (depiction)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. 8.14.8.8
d) Blancon list 43, 2003
Nikocopolis ad Istrum; very rare
(one of the rare coins with retrograde legend)
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caracalla_od_res.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA28 views198-217 AD
AE 26 mm, 8.07 g
O: AVK MAV ANTW[] laureate draped bust right
R: ODHCC EITWN great god Odessos with patera and cornucopia, altar before
cf Moushmov 1610; Mionnet Supp. II, 909
Thrace, Odessos
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caracalla_kybele_serdica_a.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA21 views198 - 217 AD
AE 28 mm, 11.55 g
O: Laureate & cuirassed bust right
R: Cybele, holding drum & sceptre, riding on lion running right
Thrace, Serdica
Hristova and Jekov Serdica 12.18.31.2; Varbanov 2242
d.s.
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caracalla_pautalia_temple.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA (Pautalia)26 views198 – 217 AD
(struck 202-203 under Governor Sicinnius Clarus)
AE 28 mm, 12.20 g
O: AΥ K M AΥΡ – ANTΩNINOΣ Laureate draped bust right
R: .: HΓ ΣIKINNIO-Υ KΛAΡ OΥ/ΛΠIAΣ / ΠAΥTAΛIAΣ Asklepios with snake-encoiled rod standing in tetrastyle temple; snake in gable, tree in left field
Thrace, Pautalia; Ruzicka, Pautalia ¬; Varbanov, GIC II, 4958 (rare)
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sep_car_temp_b_resb.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA and SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS 37 views198-217 AD
Struck ca. 208 AD (on the tenth anniversary of Caracalla's reign)
AE 23 mm; 10.04 g
O: [IMPP CAESS SEVER ANT AVGG], laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus, seen from behind, to left, facing bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla, seen from behind, to right. (confronted busts)
R: [DECENNALES ANTONINI COS III /] COL BER, tetrastyle temple, with stairs from front, containing Astarte facing, crowned by Nike standing on column.
Berytus, Phoenicia; cf BMC 70.122-71.129; Sear GIC 2302, SNG Righetti 2246. Rare
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elabalus_pax_res.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS23 views218 - 222 AD
AR DENARIUS 18 mm 2.96 g
O: IMP ANTONINVS AVG: Laurate and draped bust right
R: : PM TR P II C-OS II PP Pax running left, holding branch and scepter.
Rome
RIC 21

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egal_gerizim_neapolis,_samaria.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS26 views218 - 222 AD
AE 23 mm 8.88 g
O: Bust right
R: Mt. Gerizim with arched colonnade, roadway, shrines, altar and temple; "A" Countermark
NEAPOLIS, SAMARIA
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elagab_denar_laet_res.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS18 views218 - 222 AD
AR Denarius 18 mm, 1.63 g
O: IMP ANTONNINVS AVG laureate head right
R: LAETITIA PVBL Laetitia standing left holding wreath and rudder set on globe
Rome
RIC 95; RSC 70
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mt_gerizim.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS20 views218-222 AD
AE 21.5 mm max; 9.99 g.
O: Laureate bust right.
R: Mount Gerizim with colonnade and steps leading to temple.
Samaria, Neapolis
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tyre_stags_pygmal_b.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS--Tyre21 views218 – 222 AD
AE 28mm, 9.73g
O: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: Nude male figure (probably representing King Pygmalion of Tyre=Pu'mayatton, 831-785 BC) advancing left, chlamys over extended right arm, holding transverse spear and shield(?) in raised left hand ; behind him at right, 4 stags leaping right; star above; murex shell below
Phoenicia, Tyre (Tyros);
ref. Rouvier VII, p.80, 2388; BMC Phoenicia p.277, 408; Babelon ("Les Perses Achemenides")
2244; Mionnet V, 657; not in SNG Copenghagen, SNG UK, SNG Deutschland, SNG
Righetti, Lindgren; Rare
(thank you to Jochen for details)
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SEV_ALEX_MESOPOT.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER45 views222 - 235 AD
AE 26 mm 10.21 g
O: RADIATE HEAD OF SEVERUS ALEXANDER, R
R: TURRETED HEAD OF TYCHE, R, RAM LEAPING ABOVE, STAR BEFORE
MESOPOTAMIA, NISIBIS
SNG Cop 235; Mionnet 5, 170v; BMC 4v.
(Mionnet and BMC cite laureate head right)
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sev_alex_antioch.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER28 views222 - 235 AD
AE 31 mm 15.02 g
O: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: ANTIOXEN MHT KOΛ, Tyche std left, holding grain, river god Orontes swimming below, ram running left above, Δ - E / S - C
Antioch, Syria; BMC 470-472
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HERENNIA_ETRUS_.jpg
(0249) HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA23 views(wife of Trajan Decius)
249 - 251 AD
AR ANTONINIANUS 22 mm 3.37 g
O: HER ETRVSCILLA AVG, diademed, draped bust right on crescent
R: PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia standing left holding scepter & drawing veil from her face
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her_etr_res.jpg
(0249) HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA21 views(wife of Trajan Decius)
249 - 251 AD
AE Sestertius 28 mm (max) 12.85 g
Obv. HERENNIA ETRVSCILLA AVG,
Draped bust r.
Rev. FECVNDITAS AVG, S-C
Fecunditas standing l., holding r. hand over child standing r., with hands raised, and cornucopia in l. hand
Rome
(rare).
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herennius.jpg
(0250) HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS24 views250 - 251 AD
AE As 25.5 MM 10.85 G
O: Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB
LAUR DR BUST R
R: PMS COL VIM
MOESIA STANDING BETWEEN BULL AND LION
ANVII IN EXE
VIMINACIUM, MOESIA SUPERIOR
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gerizim_blk_res.jpg
(0251) TREBONIANUS GALLUS OR VOLUSIAN? (Mt. Gerizim)28 views251-253 AD
AE 25.5 mm 10.87 g
O: Bust right;
R:Mount Gerizim surmounted by Samaritan temple and altar, stairway to temple, colonnade below, all supported by facing eagle with wings spread
Samaria, Neapolis
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victorinus_sallus.jpg
(0268) VICTORINUS12 views268 - 270 AD
struck 269/270 AD at mint II.
AE 20 mm; 2.45 g
O: IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
R: SALVS AVG, Salus standing right, feeding snake in right hand from patera held in left hand.
Colonia Agrippina mint; RIC 67, 122; Elmer 732; AGK (corr.) 21c;
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QUINTILLUS.jpg
(0270) QUINTILLUS21 views270 AD
AE 18,5 nn 3,10 g
O: IMP M AVG CL QVINTILLVS [PF] AVG
RAD BUST R
R: FORTVNA RDEVX
FORTUNA STANDING L HOLDING RUDDER & GLOBE
(possibly unofficial)
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constantius_i_africa.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS50 views293 - 305 AD (As Caesar)
struck 297 - 298 AD
AE 28.5 mm, 6.96 g
O: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right
R: FELIX ADVENT AVGG NN, Africa standing left holding scepter and elephant tusk, lion over bull at feet on left, H in left field
PKT in exe
Carthage
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tiberius_denarius_res_c.jpg
(03) TIBERIUS63 views14 - 37 AD
minted 18 - 35 AD
AR Denarius ("Tribute Penny")
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS; laureate head right
R: PONTIF MAXIM; Livia as Pax, seated right on throne with ornate legs, holding long scepter and olive branch; single line below
Lugdunum mint
RIC 30, RSC 16a
1 commentslaney
TIBERIUS_FOURREE_RES.jpg
(03) TIBERIUS27 views14 - 37 AD
AR DENARIUS FOUREE (TRIBUTE PENNY) 18 mm 2.82 g
O: LAUREATE HEAD RIGHT
R: LIVIA SEATED RIGHT HOLDING SCEPTER AND BRANCH
ROME
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licin_banner_captives_a.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I39 views308 - 324 AD
struck 317 - 324 AD
AE 20 mm 2.98 g
O: IMP LICINIVS AVG, helmeted cuir bust right
R: VIRTVS EXERCIT/S-HL monogram
2 seated captives on either side of standard inscribed VOT/XX
Gamma SIS Star in exe
Siscia
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constantine_ii_gloria_cyzi_single_std.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)20 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16.8 mm; 1.33 g
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them with O on banner.
Mintmark: SMKB.
Cyzicus Mint; Ref: RIC VII Cyzicus 125
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constantius_ii_victor_2_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II19 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 16 mm, 1.25 g
O: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed bust right
R: VICTORIAE D D AVGG QNN two Victories facing, holding wreaths, pellet between; SMTSA in exe
Thessalonica mint
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constantius_ii_victor_3_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II15 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 16 mm, 1.48 g
O: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed bust right
R: VICTORIAE D D AVGG QNN two Victories facing, holding wreaths, pellet between; SMTSE in exe
Thessalonica mint
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constantius_ii_victoriae_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II29 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 16 mm, 1.54 g
O: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed bust right
R: VICTORIAE D D AVGG QNN two Victories facing, holding wreaths, pellet between; dot ASIS dot in exe.
Siscia mint.
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constantius_ii_galley_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II24 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
struck 348 - 351 AD
AE 18.5 mm 1.97 g
O: CONSTANTIVS PF AVG bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO Constantius on galley , left, holding phoenix on globe, and holding chi rho banner; Victory in stern. TESC in exe.
Thessalonica
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c_ii_ge_dot_sm_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II20 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm 1.58 g
Obv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: dot GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, 2 soldiers with 2 standards between them, o on banners.
dot SMHA dot in exe
cf RIC VII Heraclea 133 var, R2
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csts_ii_ge_cons_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II21 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 15.28 mm, 1.21 g
O: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed head right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS two soldiers facing single standard,"o" on banners;
Constantinople mint
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csts_ii_vict_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II27 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)AE 15 mm, 1.47 g
O: CONSTANTI-VS PF AVG laurel + rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN two Victories standing facing each other, each holding wreath & palm; pellet/NA" in center
Exerge: PARL
RIC VIII Arles 78
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cst_2_glor_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II23 views337 - 361 AD
AE 18 mm; 2.60 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, cuirassed bust right.
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them; O on banners.
Mintmark: dot SMKB (unlisted officina).
Cyzicus mint
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constantius_ii_caes_blk.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)62 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16 mm, 2.44 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them, dot on banners; SMANH in exe
Antioch mint, RIC VII 88.
1 commentslaney
constantius_ii_ge_smkb_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)17 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm 2.91 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right.
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them. O on banners.
dot SMKB in exe.(unlisted officina).
RIC VII Cyzicus 100 var (officina), rare.
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constans_ft_galley_tbsg_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS19 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18 mm, 2.00 g
O: D N CONSTANs P F AVG Bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO Emperor standin g left on prow of galley, holding phoenix on globe and chi-rho banner, Victory to right steering; TESG in exe.
Thessalonica mint
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constans_victoriae_smtsb_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS15 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16 mm, 1.88 g
O: CONSTANS P F AVG Diademed draped bust right
R: VICTORIAE D D AVG G Q NN Two Victories facing, holding wreath and palm branches; upright branch between; SMTSB in exe.
Thessalonica mint
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constans_prow_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS30 views337-350 AD
(struck 348 - 350 AD)
AE 18 mm; 3.12 g
O: D N CONSTA_NS P F AVG Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO Emperor in military dress standing facing, head left, phoenix on globe in right hand, labarum inscribed with Christogram on banner in left hand, all within galley piloted by Victory; TESB in exergue
Thessalonica mint; RIC VIII, 120
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constans_vic_bsis_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS27 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16.5 mm; 1.72 g
O: CONSTAN-S PF AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN, two Victories facing each other holding wreaths and palm branches; upright palm branch between; BSIS in exe
Siscia mint; cf. RIC VIII Siscia 195
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delmatius_2_res.jpg
(0335) DELMATIUS31 views335 - 337 AD
AE 16.5 mm 1.64 g
O: FL DELMA TIVS NOB C Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA - EXERC-ITVS Two soldiers standing facing, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on shield, flanking a labarum (Christogram standard)
PCONST in ex
Arles mint
RIC VII 399; very scarce (RIC R3)
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hanniba_blk.jpg
(0335) HANNIBALIANUS (Rex Regnum)23 views335 - 337 AD
AE 15.5 mm max.; 0.80 g
O: FL HANNIBALLIANVS REGI draped and curiassed bust right
R: SEC-VRITAS PVBLICA river god Euphrates sitting right, leaning with right arm on scepter, pouring water from a vase with left hand; reed in back ground; CONSS in exe
Constinopolis Mint, RIC 248, rare
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constans_vict_sisc.jpg
(0337) CONSTANS17 views337 - 350 AD
AE 16 mm; 1.37 g
O: CONSTANS PF AVG ; Rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: VICTORIAE DD AVGG Q NN ; Two Victories facing each other each holding a wreath and palm
Siscia mint
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magnentius_victo_res.jpg
(0350) MAGNENTIUS30 views350 - 353 AD
AE 24 mm max. 4.73 g
O: D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, draped & cuirassed bust right, A to left
R: VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAE, two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT V MVLT X; S V between; RPLG in ex.
LUGDUNUM; RIC 1221. LRBC 217
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iohannes_res.jpg
(0423) JOHANNES35 views423 - 425 AD
AE 11.5 max 1.48 g
O: Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Johannes, right.
R: Victory dragging captive left
laney
BYZ.jpg
(0527) JUSTINIAN I49 views527-565 AD
Ć Half Follis
O: Helmeted and cuirassed facing bust, holding globus cruciger and shield; cross to right
R: Large K, ANNO to left, cross above, XX/VI to right, NI below
Nicomedia
laney
justinian_i_decanum_res.jpg
(0527) JUSTINIAN I17 views527 - 565 AD
AE Decanummium (10 Nummi) 14 mm; 3.46 g
O: Draped, cuirassed and diademed bust right
R: Large value mark "I"; ANNO to left, cross above, regnal year to right
Cyzicus mint
laney
justinian_i_half_follis_b.jpg
(0527) JUSTINIAN I24 views527-565 AD
Ć Half Follis
O: Helmeted and cuirassed facing bust, holding globus cruciger and shield; cross to right
R: Large K, ANNO to left, cross above, XX/VI to right, NI below
Nicomedia
laney
justin_ii_sophia_follis.jpg
(0565) JUSTIN II45 views565 - 578 AD
AE FOLLIS 31.5 mm 14.06 g
O: JUSTIN II & Empress Sophia seated facing on double throne Year 8, Off. B - SEAR 369
Rev. Large M between ANNO and regnal year 8 ( G / II ) ; above, cross; B Below ; NIKO in exe.
NIKOMEDIA
Ref.: Sear 369
laney
half_follis_3_7.jpg
(0565) JUSTIN II43 views565-578 AD
AE HALF FOLLIS 20 mm 5.37 g
O: D N IVSTN-VS P P AVI, Justin and Sophia, side by side, facing
R: Large K with ANNO to left, cross above, DELTA TO R
TES IN EXE
THESSALONIKA
Sear Byz 366
laney
justin_sophia_10_03~0.jpg
(0565) JUSTIN II 31 views565 - 578 AD
AE 20 Nummi 23 mm max. 6.34.g
O: DN IVSTI NVSPPAV. Justin, holding globus cruciger, and Sophia, holding cruciform scepter, seated facing on double throne, both nimbate
R: Large K, between ANNO and XI; above, + over ΘC; TES in exe
Thessalonica
laney
justin_ii_sophia_2_blk.jpg
(0565) JUSTIN II AND SOPHIA13 views565-578 AD
AE HALF FOLLIS 21.5 mm max, 5.70 g
O: D N IVSTN-VS P P AVI, Justin and Sophia, side by side, facing forward
R: Large K with ANNO to left, cross above, DELTA TO R
TES IN EXE
THESSALONIKA
Sear Byz 366
laney
maurice_tiberius_cyzicus.jpg
(0582) MAURICE TIBERIUS37 views582 - 602 AD
Struck year 7 (588/9)
AE FOLLIS 26 mm 10.19 g
O: Crowned and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus crucger, shield on arm
R: Large M, cross above; ANNO to left, GI to right; A/KYZ. DOC 123a; SB 518
CYZICUS
laney
heraclius_and_heraclius_constantine.jpg
(0610) HERACLIUS34 views610 - 641 AD
AE FOLLIS 25X30 mm 9.78 g
O: Heraclius on left holding long cross, and Heraclius Constantine on right holding globus cruciger, standing facing; cross between
R: Large M between ANNO and regnal year; CON in exe.
CONSTINOPLE
laney
connstantine_x_a.jpg
(1059) CONSTANTINE X26 views1059-1067 AD
AE FOLLIS 27 mm 4.17 g
Obverse: Christ facing
Reverse: Eudocia and Constantine facing
SB 1853
laney
P.Licinius Nerva voting.jpg
(500a113) Roman Republic, P. Licinius Nerva, 113-112 B.C.86 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC: P. Licinius Nerva. AR denarius (3.93 gm). Rome, ca. 113-112 BC. Helmeted bust of Roma left, holding spear over right shoulder and shield on left arm, crescent above, * before, ROMA behind / P. NERVA, voting scene showing two citizens casting their ballots in the Comitium, one receiving a ballot from an attendant, the other dropping his ballot into a vessel at right. Crawford 292/1. RSC Licinia 7. RCTV 169. Nearly very fine. Ex Freeman and Sear.

Here is a denarius whose reverse device is one that celebrates the privilege and responsibility that is the foundation of a democratic society; it is a forerunner to the L. Cassius Longinus denarius of 63 B.C. Granted, humanity had a long road ahead toward egalitarianism when this coin was struck, but isn't it an interesting testimony to civil liberty's heritage? "The voter on the left (reverse) receives his voting tablet from an election officer. Horizontal lines in the background indicate the barrier separating every voting division from the others. Both voters go across narrow raised walks (pontes); this is intended to ensure that the voter is seen to cast his vote without influence" (Meier, Christian. Caesar: A Biography. Berlin: Severin and Siedler, 1982. Plate 12). This significant coin precedes the Longinus denarius by 50 years.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
2 commentsCleisthenes
LPisoFrugiDenarius_S235.jpg
(502a) Roman Republic, L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, 90 B.C.157 viewsSilver denarius, S 235, Calpurnia 11, Crawford 340/1, Syd 663a, VF, rainbow toning, Rome mint, 3.772g, 18.5mm, 180o, 90 B.C. obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, scorpion behind; Reverse naked horseman galloping right holding palm, L PISO FRVGI and control number CXI below; ex-CNA XV 6/5/91, #443. Ex FORVM.


A portion of the following text is a passage taken from the excellent article “The Calpurnii and Roman Family History: An Analysis of the Piso Frugi Coin in the Joel Handshu Collection at the College of Charleston,” by Chance W. Cook:

In the Roman world, particularly prior to the inception of the principate, moneyers were allotted a high degree of latitude to mint their coins as they saw fit. The tres viri monetales, the three men in charge of minting coins, who served one-year terms, often emblazoned their coins with an incredible variety of images and inscriptions reflecting the grandeur, history, and religion of Rome. Yet also prominent are references to personal or familial accomplishments; in this manner coins were also a means by which the tres viri monetales could honor their forbearers. Most obvious from an analysis of the Piso Frugi denarius is the respect and admiration that Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who minted the coin, had for his ancestors. For the images he selected for his dies relate directly to the lofty deeds performed by his Calpurnii forbearers in the century prior to his term as moneyer. The Calpurnii were present at many of the watershed events in the late Republic and had long distinguished themselves in serving the state, becoming an influential and well-respected family whose defense of traditional Roman values cannot be doubted.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who was moneyer in 90 B.C., depicted Apollo on the obverse and the galloping horseman on the reverse, as does his son Gaius. However, all of L. Piso Frugi’s coins have lettering similar to “L-PISO-FRVGI” on the reverse, quite disparate from his son Gaius’ derivations of “C-PISO-L-F-FRV.”

Moreover, C. Piso Frugi coins are noted as possessing “superior workmanship” to those produced by L. Piso Frugi.

The Frugi cognomen, which became hereditary, was first given to L. Calpurnius Piso, consul in 133 B.C., for his integrity and overall moral virtue. Cicero is noted as saying that frugal men possessed the three cardinal Stoic virtues of bravery, justice, and wisdom; indeed in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, a synonym of frugalitas is bonus, generically meaning “good” but also implying virtuous behavior. Gary Forsythe notes that Cicero would sometimes invoke L. Calpurnius Piso’s name at the beginning of speeches as “a paragon of moral rectitude” for his audience.

L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi’s inclusion of the laureled head of Apollo, essentially the same obverse die used by his son Gaius (c. 67 B.C.), was due to his family’s important role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares, the Games of Apollo, which were first instituted in 212 B.C. at the height of Hannibal’s invasion of Italy during the Second Punic War. By that time, Hannibal had crushed Roman armies at Cannae, seized Tarentum and was invading Campania.

Games had been used throughout Roman history as a means of allaying the fears
of the populace and distracting them from issues at hand; the Ludi Apollinares were no different. Forsythe follows the traditional interpretation that in 211 B.C., when C. Calpurnius Piso was praetor, he became the chief magistrate in Rome while both consuls were absent and the three other praetors were sent on military expeditions against Hannibal.

At this juncture, he put forth a motion in the Senate to make the Ludi Apollinares a yearly event, which was passed; the Ludi Apollinares did indeed become an important festival, eventually spanning eight days in the later Republic. However, this interpretation is debatable; H.H. Scullard suggests that the games were not made permanent until 208 B.C. after a severe plague prompted the Senate to make them a fixture on the calendar. The Senators believed Apollo would serve as a “healing god” for the people of Rome.

Nonetheless, the Calpurnii obviously believed their ancestor had played an integral role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares and thus prominently displayed
the head or bust of Apollo on the obverse of the coins they minted.

The meaning of the galloping horseman found on the reverse of the L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi coin is more complicated. It is possible that this is yet another reference to the Ludi Apollinares. Chariot races in the Circus Maximus were a major component of the games, along with animal hunts and theatrical performances.

A more intriguing possibility is that the horseman is a reference to C. Calpurnius Piso, son of the Calpurnius Piso who is said to have founded the Ludi Apollinares. This C. Calpurnius Piso was given a military command in 186 B.C. to quell a revolt in Spain. He was victorious, restoring order to the province and also gaining significant wealth in the process.

Upon his return to Rome in 184, he was granted a triumph by the Senate and eventually erected an arch on the Capitoline Hill celebrating his victory. Of course
the arch prominently displayed the Calpurnius name. Piso, however, was not an infantry commander; he led the cavalry.

The difficulty in accepting C. Calpurnius Piso’s victory in Spain as the impetus for the galloping horseman image is that not all of C. Piso Frugi’s coins depict the horseman or cavalryman carrying the palm, which is a symbol of victory. One is inclined to believe that the victory palm would be prominent in all of the coins minted by C. Piso Frugi (the son of L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi) if it indeed signified the great triumph of C. Calpurnius Piso in 186 B.C. Yet the palm’s appearance is clearly not a direct reference to military feats of C. Piso Frugi’s day. As noted, it is accepted that his coins were minted in 67 B.C.; in that year, the major victory by Roman forces was Pompey’s swift defeat of the pirates throughout the Mediterranean.

Chrestomathy: Annual Review of Undergraduate Research at the College of Charleston. Volume 1, 2002: pp. 1-10© 2002 by the College of Charleston, Charleston SC 29424, USA.All rights to be retained by the author.
http://www.cofc.edu/chrestomathy/vol1/cook.pdf


There are six (debatably seven) prominent Romans who have been known to posterity as Lucius Calpurnius Piso:

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: (d. 261 A.D.) a Roman usurper, whose existence is
questionable, based on the unreliable Historia Augusta.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus: deputy Roman Emperor, 10 January 69 to15 January
69, appointed by Galba.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 27 A.D.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 1 B.C., augur

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 15 B.C., pontifex

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus: Consul in 58 B.C. (the uncle of Julius Caesar)

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: Moneyer in 90 B.C. (our man)


All but one (or two--if you believe in the existence of "Frugi the usurper" ca. 261 A.D.) of these gentlemen lack the Frugi cognomen, indicating they are not from the same direct lineage as our moneyer, though all are Calpurnii.

Calpurnius Piso Frugi's massive issue was intended to support the war against the Marsic Confederation. The type has numerous variations and control marks.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucius_Calpurnius_Piso
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=55&pos=0

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


2 commentsCleisthenes
CnCorneliusLentulusMarcellinusARDenariusSear323.jpg
(503f) Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Silver Denarius87 viewsCn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Silver Denarius, Sear-323, Cr-393/1a, Syd-752, RSC-Cornelia 54, struck 76-75 BC at Spanish Mint, 3.94 grams, 18 mm. EF. Obverse: GPR above Diademed, draped and bearded bust of the Genius of the Roman People facing right, sceptre over shoulder; Reverse: EX in left field, SC in right field; CN LEN Q in exergue, Sceptre with wreath, terrestrial globe and rudder. An exceptional example that is especially well centered and struck on a slightly larger flan than normally encountered with fully lustrous surfaces and a most attractive irridescent antique toning. Held back from the Superb EF/FDC by a small banker's mark in the right obverse field, but still worthy of the finest collection of Roman Republican denarii. Ex Glenn Woods.

Re: CORNELIA 54:

“Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus may be the same moneyer whose issues have been already described (no.s 702-704). Mommsen suggested that these coins were struck in 74 B.C. as a special issue, authorized by the Senate, to defray the cost of armaments against Mithridates of Pontus and the Mediterranean pirates. But Grueber’s view that they were struck in 76 B.C. by Cn. Cornelius Lentulus acting in the capacity of quaestor of Pompey, seems more in accordance with the evidence of finds" (see: G. ii, p. 359n and The Coinage of the Roman Republic, by Edward A. Sydenham, 1976, pgs. 1).

H. A. Seaby shows the coin with the smaller head (Roman Silver Coins Vol. I, Republic to Augustus pg. 33) while David R Sear shows a coin sporting a larger version (Roman Coins and Their Values, pg. 132).

“Cn. Lentulus strikes in Spain in his capacity as quaestor to the proconsul Pompey, who had been sent to the peninsula to assist Q. Caecillus Metellus Piusagainst sertorius”(Roman Coins and Their Values, by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg. 132).

This is not an imperatorial minted coin for Pompey. At the time these coins were minted the Procounsel Pompey was sent to Spain to aid in the war against Sertorius. The moneyer Cn Lentulus served as his Quaestor where he continued to mint coins for Rome.

CN = Cneaus; LEN = Lentulus

Cneaus was his first name. His last, or family name is Lentulus and this clan is a lesser clan within the Cornelii, which is what his middle name of Cornelius implies.

Q = This tells us that he was a Quaestor, or Roman magistrate with judicial powers at the time when the coin was issued, with the responsibility for the treasury. Had this been a position that he once held it would be noted on the coin as PROQ or pro [past] Questor.

For Further Reading on the Cornelia 54 & 55:

Coins of the Roman Republic in the British Museum, by H. A. Grueber. London, 1910, Vol. II, pgs. 358, 359, 52, 57

Roman Silver Coins Vol. I, Republic to Augustus, by H.A.Seaby 1952, pgs. 32-33

The Coinage of the Roman Republic, by Edward A. Sydenham, 1976, pgs. 122, 241

Roman Coins and Their Values, by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg. 132, 133

Roman Republican Coinage Volume I by Michael H. Crawford 2001, pg. 407

by Jerry Edward Cornelius, April 2006, THE 81 ROMAN COINS OF THE CORNELIA
http://www.cornelius93.com/Cornelia54.html
1 commentsCleisthenes
LonginusDenarius.jpg
(504c) Roman Republic, L. Cassius Longinus, 63 B.C.68 viewsSilver denarius, Crawford 413/1, RSC I Cassia 10, SRCV I 364, aVF, struck with worn dies, Rome mint, weight 3.867g, maximum diameter 20.3mm, die axis 0o, c. 63 B.C. Obverse: veiled bust of Vesta left, kylix behind, L before; Reverse: LONGIN III V, voter standing left, dropping tablet inscribed V into a cista.

The reverse of this Longinus denarius captures a fascinating moment when a Roman citizen casts his ballot. "The abbreviation III V [ir] indentifies Longinus as one of the three annually appointed mintmasters (officially called tres viri aere argento auro flando feriundo). A citizen is seen casting his vote into the urn. On the ballot is the letter 'U', short for uti rogas, a conventional formula indicating assent to a motion. The picture alludes to the law, requested by an ancestor of the mintmaster, which introduced the secret ballot in most proceedings of the popular court" (Meier, Christian. Caesar, a Biography. Berlin: Severin and Siedler, 1982. Plate 6).

The date that this denarius was struck possesses unique significance for another reason. Marcus Tullius Cicero (politician, philosopher, orator, humanist) was elected consul for the year 63 BC -- the first man elected consul who had no consular ancestors in more than 30 years. A "new man," Cicero was not the descendant of a "patrician" family, nor was his family wealthy (although Cicero married "well"). Cicero literally made himself the man he was by the power of the words he spoke and the way in which he spoke them. A witness to and major player during the decline of the Roman Republic, Cicero was murdered in 43 BC by thugs working for Marc Antony. But Cicero proved impossible to efface.

Cicero's words became part of the bed rock of later Roman education. As Peter Heather notes, every educated young man in the late Roman Empire studied "a small number of literary texts under the guidance of an expert in language and literary interpretation, the grammarian. This occupied the individual for seven or more years from about the age of eight, and concentrated on just four authors: Vergil, Cicero, Sallust and Terence" (Heather, Peter. The Fall of the Roman Empire: A New History of Rome and the Barbarians. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. 17).


Plutarch: Cicero's Death

But in the meantime the assassins were come with a band of soldiers, Herennius, a centurion, and Popillius, a tribune, whom Cicero had formerly defended when prosecuted for the murder of his father. Finding the doors shut, they broke them open, and Cicero not appearing, and those within saying they knew not where he was, it is stated that a youth, who had been educated by Cicero in the liberal arts and sciences, an emancipated slave of his brother Quintus, Philologus by name, informed the tribune that the litter was on its way to the sea through the close and shady walks. The tribune, taking a few with him, ran to the place where he was to come out. And Cicero, perceiving Herennius running in the walks, commanded his servants to set down the litter; and stroking his chin, as he used to do, with his left hand, he looked steadfastly upon his murderers, his person covered with dust, his beard and hair untrimmed, and his face worn with his troubles. So that the greatest part of those that stood by covered their faces whilst Herennius slew him. And thus was he murdered, stretching forth his neck out of the litter, being now in his sixty-fourth year. Herennius cut off his head, and, by Antony's command, his hands also, by which his Philippics were written; for so Cicero styled those orations he wrote against Antony, and so they are called to this day.

When these members of Cicero were brought to Rome, Antony was holding an assembly for the choice of public officers; and when he heard it, and saw them, he cried out, "Now let there be an end of our proscriptions." He commanded his head and hands to be fastened up over the rostra, where the orators spoke; a sight which the Roman people shuddered to behold, and they believed they saw there, not the face of Cicero, but the image of Antony's own soul. And yet amidst these actions he did justice in one thing, by delivering up Philologus to Pomponia, the wife of Quintus; who, having got his body into her power, besides other grievous punishments, made him cut off his own flesh by pieces, and roast and eat it; for so some writers have related. But Tiro, Cicero's emancipated slave, has not so much as mentioned the treachery of Philologus.

Translation by John Dryden: http://intranet.grundel.nl/thinkquest/moord_cicero_plu.html

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
027.JPG
(582-602) Maurice Tibere [Sear 494, Constant. ]11 viewsMaurice Tiberius 582-602 AD
Minted: Constantinople
Size: 30mm Weight: 11.53grams
Obverse: ....ER PP, AV Crowned and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger and shield
Reverse: Large M between ANNO and regnal year 6; above, cross; beneath, Officina letter D, in ex CON
Ségusiaves
2Pdwc7jEspK64DozHPy5Q3RmZFg8a9.jpg
(610-641) Heraclius [Sear 811]10 viewsHeraclius 610-641 AD
AE Follis (4.71 gm ; 22 mm)
Constantinople Mint
Obv: No Legend. Heraclius (center)� in military dress with long beard and mustache, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, all standing facing.
Rev: Large M between ANNO and numeric regnal year,� B (officina 2)� below; CONE in exergue
Ségusiaves
_T2eC16J,!)!FIcVeTMb)BSJhtPOzsw~~60_12.JPG
(613-632) Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine [Sear 886]18 viewsHeraclius and Heraclius Constantine, AE Decanummium, Catania mint. No legend, Heraclius, bearded on left and Heraclius Constantine, unbearded on right, crowned, draped and cuirassed busts facing, cross between their heads / Large I, ANNO to left, regnal year to right, mintmark CAT. SB 886, MIB 241.Ségusiaves
ytyyyyyyyy.jpg
(741-775) Sizilien Follis Constantin Leo19 viewsConstantin V. mit Leo IV., 741-775

CONSTANTIN V et LÉON IV
(6/06/751-14/09/775)
Sur les monnaies de Constantin V, le portrait du fondateur de la dynastie isaurienne, Léon III (720-741) figure souvent au revers. Cette dynastie devait durer presque cent ans jusqu'ŕ la déposition d'Irčne, femme de Léon IV, mčre de Constantin VI qu'elle fit aveugler pour régner seule.
Ségusiaves
rjb_lon_07_07.jpg
(VI)15338 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
COMITI AVGG NN
Sol standing left holding globe and whip
-/*//PLN
RIC (VI) 153
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_2009_09_18.jpg
(VI)15321 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
COMITI AVGG NN
Sol standing left holding globe and whip
-/*//PLN
RIC (VI) 153
mauseus
rjb_2010_02_04.jpg
(VI)17718 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS P AVG
Helmeted, laureate, cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield
COMITI AVGG NN
Sol standing left holding globe and whip
-/*//PLN
RIC (VI) 177
mauseus
rjb_2011_04_12.jpg
(VI)17712 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS P AVG
Helmeted, laureate, cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield
COMITI AVGG NN
Sol standing left holding globe and whip
-/*//PLN
RIC (VI) 177
mauseus
MarcusNysaMerge3a.jpg
*Lydia, Nysa. Marcus Aurelius. Regling, Nysa 86 37 viewsĆ23. Lydia, Nysa. Marcus Aurelius (Caesar AD 136–161; Emperor 161–180), laureate head to r., cuirassed bust with paludamentum, back to viewer. ΑΥ ΚΑΙ ΑΝΤΩΝΕΙΝΟC or "Imperator Caesar Antoninus" Rev., Zeus seated, holding patera and long scepter. ΕΠ ΓΡ ΑΣΙΑΤΙΚΟΥ Κ[ΟΡΝ] ΝΥΣΑ[ΕΩΝ]. Asiatikos Korn(eliou), grammateus. Regling, Nysa 86; RPC IV (temporary №) 1455. Ex Collegium Josephinum Bonn 1-9-2010.

Same dies as RPC IV specimen: http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/1455/

*Note: Made a slight adjustment to image for brightness, contrast, and intensity.
Mark Fox
57638q00.jpg
*SOLD*8 viewsAugustus Copper quadrans

Attribution: RIC I 453
Date: 5 BC
Obverse: MESSALLA APRONIVS III VIR, garlanded altar with bowl-shaped top
Reverse: GALVS SISINNA A A A F F, around large S C
Size: 15.6 mm
Weight: 2.51 grams
ex- Forvm
Noah
56471q00.jpg
*SOLD*10 viewsAugustus Copper quadrans

Attrribution: RIC I 455a, Morrison BN 806
Date: 5 BC
Obverse: MESSALLA GALVS III VIR, garlanded altar with bowl-shaped top
Reverse: APRONIVS SISENNA AAAFF, around large S C
Size: 17 mm
Weight: 3.02 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
Licinius.jpg
*SOLD*19 viewsLicinius I Bronze follis

Attribution: RIC VI 60, Thessalonica
Date: AD 312-313
Obverse: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing half l., nude, Victory on globe in r., long scepter vertical in l., eagle with wreath in beak l., •TS•• in exergue
Size: 24.3 mm
Weight: 4.42 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
Augustus_Quadrans_3_-_RIC_450.jpg
*SOLD*11 viewsAugustus Copper quadrans

Attribution: RIC I 450 corr.
Date: 5 BC
Obverse: GALVS MESSALLA III VIR, altar with bowl-shaped top
Reverse: SISENNA APRONIVS AAAFF, around large S C
Size: 16.3 mm
Weight: 3.16 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
Augustus_Quadrans_3_-_RIC_454.jpg
*SOLD*38 viewsAugustus Copper quadrans

Attribution: RIC I 454
Date: 5 BC
Obverse: MESSALLA APRONIVS III VIR, altar with bowl-shaped top
Reverse: SISENNA GALVS AAAFF, around large S C
Size: 16.1 mm
Weight: 3.07 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
MarcAnt28.jpg
- 032-031 BC - Marc Antony - RSC 28 - Legion II Denarius286 viewsMarc Antony
Date: 32-31 BC
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Legionary Denarius

Obverse: ANT AVG III VIR R P C
Galley rt., mast with banners at prow.

Reverse: LEG II
Legionary eagle between two standards.

Mint: Most likely minted in Patrae, Marc Antony's winter headquarters.
RSC 28
3.11g; 18.0mm; 15°
2 commentsPep
zeugmaPius2.jpg
-Syria, Commagene, Zeugma. Antoninus Pius AE2422 viewsObv: laureate head of Antoninus Pius, r.
Rev: temple with four columns; before, colonnaded peribolos containing grove; all in laurel wreath.
ancientone
prutahjanfull1.jpg
0 - Alexander Jannaeus Prutah - H. 469112 viewsThis coin, minted under the reign of Alexander Jannaeus (103 BCE - 76 BCE), is a bronze prutah.
OBV. Upside-down achor reading BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOY.
REV. Eight ponted star, letters in the spokes, reading 'Yehonatan the King'.
aarmale
V539.jpg
00 Domitian as Caesar RIC 53992 viewsAR Denarius, 3.17g
Rome mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMITIAN COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: No legend; Domitian on horse l.; cloak flying out behind, r. hand raised, sceptre in l.
RIC 539 (R). BMC 122. RSC 665. BNC -.
Acquired from NumisCorner, June 2018.

This is the first denarius struck at Rome for Domitian as Caesar. Fittingly, it commemorates Domitian's appearance at Vespasian and Titus' joint Jewish War Triumph - 'while taking part in the Judaean triumph, he rode on a white horse' (Suetonius, Domitian, ii), which was the normal conduct for a young prince on such occasions. The type was struck in three variants: firstly, with a clockwise obverse legend and DOMITIAN fully spelled out, as we see here. Secondly, it was shortened to DOMIT, with the legend still running clockwise. Lastly, the legend direction was changed to counter clockwise with DOMIT. The first two variants are quite rare, the last relatively common. On this coin we see a cloak flying out from behind Domitian. This interesting detail only appears on a few coins from the first variant and does not show up on subsequent issues of the type. Most likely this variant with the cloak was the earliest version of the type which was then quickly simplified by dropping the cloak all together.

Well centred in good early style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
380Hadrian.jpg
0003 Mule Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Justitia.53 viewsReference. Rare.
RIC -; BMC-; Strack p. 219, 41 (Vienna); RSC 883b.

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS. (P P missing)
Bare head, draped bust right.

Rev. IVSTITIA AVG COS III in ex.
Justitia seated left, patera in right, vertical long scepter in left.

3.52 gr
18 mm
6h
Note Curtis Clay.
Strack p. 219, 41 (Vienna) = RSC 883b.

Vienna also has a similar denarius with bust laureate, draped r.

These are mules from an old rev. die: the lack of P P in the obverse legend means that it should have been added to the rev. legend, but these coins are from one or more rev. dies that had been engraved before that change was made, and were later erroneously coupled with at least two of the new obv. dies without P P.
1 commentsokidoki
3350438.jpg
000b. Pompey the Great54 viewsThe Pompeians. Sextus Pompey. 37/6 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.49 g, 9h). Uncertain Sicilian mint, possibly Catana. Bare head of Pompey the Great right; capis to left, lituus to right / Neptune, holding aplustre and resting right foot on prow, standing left between the Catanaean brothers Anapias and Amphinomus running in opposite directions, bearing their parents on their shoulders. Crawford 511/3a; CRI 334; Sydenham 1344; RSC 17 (Pompey the Great). Fine, lightly toned, bankers’ marks on obverse.

AMPHINOMUS and ANAPIS (or Anapias), two brothers, of Silicy, respecting whom it is related that they saved their parents, at the peril of their own lives, from the flames of Etna, at the moment when an eruption of that volcano threatened their immediate destruction. This was a favourite subject with the ancients, in symbolising filial piety; and is often represented on Greek coins of Catana (Catania), where this noble action is alleged to have been performed. Of these two Sicilian brothers, types of that devoted love, which is ever cherished by good children towards the earthly anthors of their being, Cornelius Severus, alluding to Mount Edna, thus expresses himself: "Amphinomus and his brother, both equally courageous in the performance of a duty, whilst the flames murmured their threats against the neighbouring houses, rescue their decrepid father, and their aged mother."
1 commentsecoli
Licinfol.jpg
001 - Licinius I (308-324 AD), Follis - RIC 6078 viewsObv: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing left, chlamys over shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe. Eagle with wreath in beak below left.
Minted in Thessalonica (.TS.A. in exe), officina 1, 312-313 AD.
3 commentspierre_p77
0015.jpg
0015 - Denarius Annia 82-1 BC59 viewsObv/C ANNI T F T N PRO COS EX S C, draped bust of Anna Perenna r., hair in a knot, winged caduceus behind, scale before, dot below.
Rev/Victory in galloping quadriga r., Q above, L FABI L F HISP in ex.

Ag, 19.2mm, 3.82g
Moneyer: Annius Luscus, L Fabius Hispaniensis.
Mint: Hispania.
RRC 366/1b [dies o/r: 18/(20)] - Syd.748a - BMCRR 352 - - Cohen Annia 1 - Calicó 116 - RCV 289 - RSC Annia 2a
ex-Kuenker, auction 124, lot 8326
1 commentsdafnis
0019.jpg
0019 - Denarius Herennia 108-7 BC38 viewsObv/PIETAS, laureate head of Pietas r., control letter below chin.
Rev/M • HERENNI, Amphinomus carrying his father r.

Ag, 18.8mm, 3.88g
Moneyer: M. Herennius.
Mint: South Italiy (Reggio?)
RRC 308/1a [dies o/r: 120/(150)] - Syd. 567 - BMCRR 1231 - Calicó 615 - Cohen Herennia 1 - RCV 185 - RSC Herennia 1
ex-CNG
1 commentsdafnis
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-II_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-_Syd-_RSC-_Q-001_5h_17,5mm_3,29ga-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-14, AR-denarius, LEG-II, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,72 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-14, AR-denarius, LEG-II, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-II, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,29g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: 32-31 B.C., ref: Crawford-544/14, Sydneham-1216, RSC-27, BMCRR East 185-225; Babelon: Antonia 101; Sydenham 1212 ; Catalli 2001,886.
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-III_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-_Syd-_RSC-_Q-001_9h_18,5-20mm_2,89g-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-15, AR-denarius, LEG-III, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,79 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-15, AR-denarius, LEG-III, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-III, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-20mm, weight: 2,89g, axes: 9h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: B.C., ref: Crawford- 544/15, Sydneham-1217, RSC-28,
Q-001
quadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-IV_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-544-17_Syd-1219_RSC-30_Q-001_7h_17-18mm_3,36gx-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-17, AR-denarius, LEG-IV, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,105 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-17, AR-denarius, LEG-IV, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-IV, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18mm, weight: 3,36g, axes: 7h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: B.C., ref: Crawford- 544/17, Sydneham-1219, RSC-30,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-VI_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-544-19_Syd-1223_RSC-33_Q-001_5h_17,5-18mm_3,35g-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-19, AR-denarius, LEG-VI, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,146 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-19, AR-denarius, LEG-VI, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-VI, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow. Nice Countermark above the galley.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 3,35g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: B.C., ref: Crawford- 544/19, Sydneham-1223, RSC-33,
Q-001
quadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-VIII_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-_Syd-_RSC-_Q-001_10h_17,5mm_3,47ga-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-21, AR-denarius, LEG-VIII, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,72 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-21, AR-denarius, LEG-VIII, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-VIII, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,47g, axes: 10h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: B.C., ref: Crawford-544/21, Sydneham-1225, RSC-35,
Q-001
quadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-XI_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-_Syd-_RSC-_Q-001_5h_17,5mm_3,29g-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-25, AR-denarius, LEG-XI, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,64 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-25, AR-denarius, LEG-XI, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-XI, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,29g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: B.C., ref: Crawford-544/25, Sydneham-1229, RSC-39,
Q-001
quadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-XII_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-544-26_Syd-1230_RSC-41_Q-001_5h_17-18,5mm_3,39-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-26, AR-denarius, LEG-XII, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,92 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-26, AR-denarius, LEG-XII, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-XII, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18,5mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: 32-31 B.C., ref: Crawford-544/26, Sydneham-1230, RSC-41,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-XII_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-544-26_Syd-1230_RSC-41_Q-001_5h_17-18,5mm_3,39ga-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-26, AR-denarius, LEG-XII, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,178 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-26, AR-denarius, LEG-XII, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-XII, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18,5mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: 32-31 B.C., ref: Crawford-544/26, Sydneham-1230, RSC-41,
After Cleaning
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-XV_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-544-30_Syd-1235_RSC-30_Q-001_5h_16,8-17mm_2,72g-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-30, AR-denarius, LEG-XV, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,134 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-30, AR-denarius, LEG-XV, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-XV, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,8-17mm, weight: 2,72g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: 32-31 B.C., ref: Crawford-544/30, Sydneham-1235, RSC-47,
Q-001
"Legion XV Apollinaris was raised by Caesar in Gallia Cisalpina in 53 BC. In the time of Augustus-Tiberius the legion was stationed in Ljubljana, then in Carnuntum and later in Alexandria and took part in the Jewish War and the capture of Jerusalem. In the 2nd and 3rd century the legion fought mainly in the East against the Parthians."
1 commentsquadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-XIX_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-544-35_Syd-1242_RSC-55_Q-001_5h_18mm_3,44-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-35, AR-denarius, LEG-XIX, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,121 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-35, AR-denarius, LEG-XIX, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-XIX, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,44g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: 32-31 B.C., ref: Crawford-544/35, Sydneham-1242, RSC-55,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
OlbiaDolphin.jpg
001a, Olbia, Sarmatia, c. 5th Century B.C.56 viewsBronze cast dolphin, SGCV 1684 var, VF, 1.322g, 24.7mm. Obverse: dolphin with raised spine, dorsal fin and tail.

Olbia

Olbia, located in what is modern-day Ukraine, was a Milesian colony at the convergence of the Hypanis and Borysthenes rivers, about 15 miles inland from the Northwest coast of the Black Sea. Well located for trade, Olbia was a prosperous trading city and major grain supplier in the 5th Century B.C.

Small bronze dolphins were cast in Olbia, beginning 550-525 B.C., first as sacrificial objects for worship of Apollo and later as a form of currency (Joseph Sermarini).
1 commentsCleisthenes
quadrans-Q-003_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 420, Rome, AE-Quadrans, •III•VIR•A•A•A•F•F, Legend around S•C,82 views002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 420, Rome, AE-Quadrans, •III•VIR•A•A•A•F•F, Legend around S•C,
avers:- LAMIA-SILIVS-ANNIVS, Clasped hands around a caduceus.
revers:- •III•VIR•A•A•A•F•F, Legend around large S•C.
exe: S•C//--, diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 3,13g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 9 B.C., ref: RIC-I-420, C-338, BMC 200, S 1693,
Q-001
quadrans
0021.jpg
0021 - Denarius Augustus 15-13 BC45 viewsObv/AVGVSTVS DIVI F, Augustus head, bare, r.
Rev/IMP X, Apollo Citharoedus in long drapery, standing l., r. holding plectrum, l. lyre, ACT in ex.

Ag, 19.0mm, 3.46g
Mint: Lugdunum.
RIC I/171a [C] - RCV 1611 - BMCRE 416 - BMCRR Gaul 175 - RSC 144 - Calicó 828
ex-Meister & Sonntag, auction S2, lot 207
2 commentsdafnis
0022.jpg
0022 - Denarius Domitian 80 AC115 viewsObv/CAESAR DIVI F DOMOTIANVS COS VIII, Domitian laureate head r.
Rev/PRINCEPTS (IVV)ENTVTIS, goat standing l. in laurel-wreath.

Ag, 19.1mm, 3.30g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IIa/267 [C] - RCV 2675 - BMCRE 88 - RSC 390
ex-Meister & Sonntag, auction S2, lot 219
6 commentsdafnis
0023.jpg
0023 - Denarius Trajan 98-9 AC25 viewsObv/IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, Trajan laureate head r.
Rev/PM TR P COS II PP, Abundantia seated l., holding sceptre, on chair with crossed cornucopiae arms; fold of drapery over lap.

Ag, 18.9mm, 3.10g
Mint: Rome.
RIC II/1 [C] - RSC 206 - BMCRE 36
ex-Meister & Sonntag, auction S2, lot 225
dafnis
Aigina_turtle.jpg
002a, Aigina, Islands off Attica, Greece, c. 510 - 490 B.C.88 viewsSilver stater, S 1849, SNG Cop 503, F, 12.231g, 22.3mm, Aigina (Aegina) mint, c. 510 - 490 B.C.; Obverse: sea turtle (with row of dots down the middle); Reverse: incuse square of “Union Jack” pattern; banker's mark obverse. Ex FORVM.


Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson

Turtles, the archaic currency of Aegina, are among the most sought after of all ancient coins. Their early history is somewhat of a mystery. At one time historians debated whether they or the issuances of Lydia were the world's earliest coins. The source of this idea comes indirectly from the writings of Heracleides of Pontus, a fourth century BC Greek scholar. In the treatise Etymologicum, Orion quotes Heracleides as claiming that King Pheidon of Argos, who died no later than 650 BC, was the first to strike coins at Aegina. However, archeological investigations date the earliest turtles to about 550 BC, and historians now believe that this is when the first of these intriguing coins were stamped.

Aegina is a small, mountainous island in the Saronikon Gulf, about midway between Attica and the Peloponnese. In the sixth century BC it was perhaps the foremost of the Greek maritime powers, with trade routes throughout the eastern half of the Mediterranean. It is through contacts with Greeks in Asia Minor that the idea of coinage was probably introduced to Aegina. Either the Lydians or Greeks along the coast of present day Turkey were most likely the first to produce coins, back in the late seventh century. These consisted of lumps of a metal called electrum (a mixture of gold and silver) stamped with an official impression to guarantee the coin was of a certain weight. Aegina picked up on this idea and improved upon it by stamping coins of (relatively) pure silver instead electrum, which contained varying proportions of gold and silver. The image stamped on the coin of the mighty sea power was that of a sea turtle, an animal that was plentiful in the Aegean Sea. While rival cities of Athens and Corinth would soon begin limited manufacture of coins, it is the turtle that became the dominant currency of southern Greece. The reason for this is the shear number of coins produced, estimated to be ten thousand yearly for nearly seventy years. The source for the metal came from the rich silver mines of Siphnos, an island in the Aegean. Although Aegina was a formidable trading nation, the coins seemed to have meant for local use, as few have been found outside the Cyclades and Crete. So powerful was their lure, however, that an old proverb states, "Courage and wisdom are overcome by Turtles."

The Aeginean turtle bore a close likeness to that of its live counterpart, with a series of dots running down the center of its shell. The reverse of the coin bore the imprint of the punch used to force the face of the coin into the obverse turtle die. Originally this consisted of an eight-pronged punch that produced a pattern of eight triangles. Later, other variations on this were tried. In 480 BC, the coin received its first major redesign. Two extra pellets were added to the shell near the head of the turtle, a design not seen in nature. Also, the reverse punch mark was given a lopsided design.

Although turtles were produced in great quantities from 550 - 480 BC, after this time production dramatically declines. This may be due to the exhaustion of the silver mines on Siphnos, or it may be related to another historical event. In 480 BC, Aegina's archrival Athens defeated Xerxes and his Persian armies at Marathon. After this, it was Athens that became the predominant power in the region. Aegina and Athens fought a series of wars until 457 BC, when Aegina was conquered by its foe and stripped of its maritime rights. At this time the coin of Aegina changed its image from that of the sea turtle to that of the land tortoise, symbolizing its change in fortunes.

The Turtle was an object of desire in ancient times and has become so once again. It was the first coin produced in Europe, and was produced in such great quantities that thousands of Turtles still exist today. Their historical importance and ready availability make them one of the most desirable items in any ancient coin enthusiast's collection.

(Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson .
1 commentsCleisthenes
coin289.JPG
002b. Livia48 viewsLivia, as history most often knows her, was the wife of Augustus for over fifty years, from 38 BC until his death in AD 14 , an astonishingly long time in view of life expectancy in ancient Rome. Although certainty about their inner lives and proof for what we would consider a loving relationship is necessarily lost to us, we can infer genuine loyalty and mutual respect between the two. They remained married despite the fact that she bore him no child. Livia's position as first lady of the imperial household, her own family connections, her confident personality and her private wealth allowed her to exercise power both through Augustus and on her own, during his lifetime and afterward. All the Julio-Claudian emperors were her direct descendants: Tiberius was her son; Gaius (Caligula), her great-grandson; Claudius, her grandson; Nero, her great-great-grandson.

Tiberius and Livia- Thessalonica, Macedonia/Size: 22.5mm/Reference: RPC 1567
Obverse: TI KAISAR SEBASTOS, bare head of Tiberius right Reverse: QESSALONIKEWN SEBASTOU, draped bust of Livia right.

Ex-Imperial Coins
ecoli
Byzag.jpg
003 - John I Tzimisces (969-976 AD), Millaresion - Sear 179241 viewsObv: +IhSyS XRISTyS NICA*, Cross crosslet on globus above two steps. at centre, circular medallion containing facing bust of John with short beard, wearing crown and loros and dividing the inscription I/W - A/N. Triple border ornamented with eight equally spaced glbules.
Rev: IWANN / EN XW AVTO / CRAT´EVESb´/ bASILEVS / RWMAIW´in five lines, -:- above and beneath, triple bordet as on obv.
1 commentspierre_p77
p24.JPG
003. Constans Thessalonica two victories57 viewsCONSTANS-PF AVG
VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN
SMTSB
RIC VIII Thessalonica 101 C2

ecoli
c10~0.JPG
003. Constans Two Victories Thessalonica48 viewsCONSTANS-PF AVG
VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN

RIC VIII Thessalonica 100 C2
ecoli
ab3.JPG
003. Constans two victories Thessalonica44 viewsCONSTANS-PF AVG
VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN
SMTSA
RIC VIII Thessalonica 105 S
ecoli
003_Justinian_I.JPG
003. Justinian I, 527-565. AE 40 Nummi.58 viewsObv. Helmeted bust of Justinian facing, holding globe surmounted with cross.
Rev. Large M with A underneath, NIK below, ANNO XIII to sides.
Nikomedia Mint, 541.
2 commentsLordBest
0031.jpg
0031 - Denarius Cupienna 147 BC41 viewsObv/Helmeted head of Roma r.; behind cornucopiae, before X.
Rev/Dioscuri r., below L CUP, ROMA in ex.

Ag, 19.0mm, 4.34g
Moneyer: L.Cupiennus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 218/1 [dies o/r: 73/91] - RSC Cupienna 1 - Syd. 404
ex-Hess-Divo, auction 307, lot 1442
dafnis
3363LG.jpg
003a. Drusus136 viewsDrusus

Tiberius' son, Drusus Caesar, d. 23, called Drusus Junior, served in the provinces Pannonia ( 15) and in Illyricum ( 17? 20). In 22 he was made tribune. Meanwhile, Sejanus, Tiberius' minister, had become jealous of Drusus' power and tried to turn Tiberius against him. Drusus may have been poisoned by Sejanus or by his wife under Sejanus' influence.

As. Sear 2594, restitution issue by Titus. 10.0 g, 26x27 mm. Glossy dark green patina with slight roughness. OBV.: Drusus left, DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N. REV.: IMP T CAES DIVI VESP F AVG REST around SC.
1 commentsecoli73
ConstantineI_(1).jpg
004 - Constantine I "the great" (307-337 AD), Follis - RIC 15340 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG. laureated and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: COMITI AVGG NN, Sol standing left, chlamys falling from left shoulder, holding up globe in right hand and whip in left hand.
Minted in Londinium - London - (* in right field, PLN in exe.), c mid 310 - late 312 AD.
pierre_p77
sept_sev_trphy.jpg
004 - Septimus Severus (193-211 AD), denarius - RIC 6358 viewsObv: L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP V, laureated bust right.
Rev: PART ARAB PART ADIAB, two bound captives each sitting on shield, between them a trophy. COS II P P in eregue.
Minted in Rome 195 AD.

This coin refer to Severus´victory over the Arabians and Adiabenians, maybe in the civil war against Pescennius Niger.
1 commentspierre_p77
g33.JPG
004. Constantius II Thessalonica two victories35 viewsCONSTANTI-VS PF AVG
VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN


RIC VIII Thessalonica 99
ecoli
004_Justin_II.JPG
004. Justin II, 565-578. AE 40 Nummi.43 viewsObv. Justin and Sophia standing.
Rev. Large m, NIK below ANNO X to sides.
Nikomedia Mint, 575.
LordBest
0045~0.jpg
0045 - Denarius Augustus 21 BC23 viewsObv/AVGVSTVS, Augustus bare head r.
Rev/IOVI OLV, to l. and r. of hexastyle temple with round shield in pediment and palmettes on top.

Ag, 19.0mm, 3.00g
Mint: North Peloponnese (?)
RIC I/472 [S] - BMCRE 666 (=BMCRR East 257) - RSC 182.
ex-DNW, auction 20 june 2007, lot 387
dafnis
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005. Nero 54-68AD. AE Sestertius, Rome mint, 63AD. DECVRSIO. 38.6mm200 viewsObv. Laureate ead right, wearing aegis NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P
Rev. Nero on horseback prancing right, wearing cuirass, short tunic, and billowing cloak, spear in right hand, to right soldier moving right. carrying vexillum; to leftin shallow relief, soldier running right DECVRSIO in ex
BMCRE 155; Cohen 94, RIC I 176 var (obv legend)
38.6mm, 180o, 63 A.D. Rome mint.
This sestertius was an early emission from the Rome Mint, which resumed striking bronze after about 10 years of inactivity. The talented engraver, perhaps with extra time for this initial project, produced one of the best dies in the entire imperial bronze series. The special style, complemented by superior execution, has similarities to later medallions.


The fine expressive portrait has higher relief than the more common Lugdunum issues.
The reverse uses the roundness of the flan and three geometric planes of relief to both present the scene in a format that draws the eye to the emperor and show movement that is lacking on almost all other Roman coins. The rare use of geometric planes was repeated on ADLOCVTIO sestertii of Galba five years later, perhaps the work of the same artist. Rome sestertii after 70 A.D. are of far less impressive style.


The lack of SC leaves the reverse fields uncluttered. SC stood for Senatus Consultum, "By Decree of the Senate" and signified the role of the Senate in the minting of brass and bronze coinage. Many sestertii of Caligula and some brass and bronze of Nero lack SC. Subsequent issues include SC again, until inflation produced the demise of the sestertius under Gallienus, c. 265 AD
5 commentsLordBest
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005. Tiberius Constantine, 578-582. AE 40 Nummi.49 viewsObv. Bust of Tiberius Constantine
Rev. Large M, CON below ANNO II to sides
Constantinople Mint, 580.
SB 430.
LordBest
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005b. Britannicus126 viewsBritannicus (son of Claudius) AE17. Ionia, Smyrna

Britannicus (41 - 55 A.D.) was the son of the Roman emperor Claudius and his third wife Messalina. His original name was "Germanicus" but was changed in honor of his father's conquest of Britain in 43 AD.

Nobody is sure why Claudius made Nero his successor and not Britannicus, although the fact that Britannicus may have been Caligula's son is a factor. Britannicus was killed by (partisans of) his step-brother (and brother-in-law) Nero so that Nero could become emperor of Rome.

His sister Octavia is the heroine of the play written at some time after the death of Nero. It's title is titled her name, but its central message is the wrong done to the Claudian house because of the wrong done to its last male member and its last hope.

Britannicus. Before 54 AD. AE 17mm (4.31 g), Minted at Ionia, Smyrna. Bare head right 'ZMYP' below bust / Nike flying right. cf S(GIC) 516. Scarce. Some dirt and patina chipping.

ecoli73
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005bb. Antonia, daughter of Claudius 7 viewsJUDAEA, Roman Administration. Claudius, with Britannicus, Antonia, and Octavia. AD 41-54. Ć (23mm, 12.02 g, 12h). Caesarea Panias mint. Struck before 49 CE. Laureate head of Claudius left / The children of Claudius: from left to right, Antonia, Britannicus, and Octavia, the two daughters each holding a cornucopia. Meshorer 350; Hendin 1259; Sofaer 83; RPC I 4842. Fair, green and brown patina with touches of red. Rare.ecoli
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006. Maurice Tiberius, 582-602. AE 40 Nummi.46 viewsObv. Bust of Maurice Tiberius.
Rev. Large M, ANNO II to right, THEUP below.
Antioch Mint, 594.
LordBest
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006a. Claudia19 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Nero, with Claudia. AD 54-68. BI Tetradrachm (22mm, 10.74 g, 12h). Dated RY 3 (AD 56/57). Laureate head of Nero right / Draped bust of Claudia Octavia right; L Γ (date) below chin. Köln 122-4; Dattari (Savio) 190; K&G 14.7; RPC I 5202; Emmett 127.3. Near VF. Ex - CNG

Furthermore, the carefully contrived marriage between Octavia and Nero was a disaster on a personal level. Nero soon embarked on a serious relationship with a freedman named Acte, and more importantly developed an active dislike for his wife. "Quickly feeling aversion to intimacy with Octavia, he replied to his friends who were finding fault with him that she ought to be satisfied with the outward trappings of a wife." This antipthy was not likely to produce offspring who would unite the Julian and Claudian lines. By 58 Nero was becoming involved with a freeborn mistress, Poppaea, whom he would want to make his empress in exchange for Octavia. But the legitimacy of his principate derived from his relationship with his predecessor, and he was not so secure that he could do without the connection with Claudius provided through his mother and his wife. In 59 he was able to arrange for Agrippina's death, but it was not until 62 that he felt free to divorce Octavia and marry Poppaea. The initial grounds for putting Octavia aside was the charge that she was barren because she had had no children. But a more aggressive attack was needed when opposition arose from those who still challenged Nero's prncipate and remained loyal to Octavia as the last representative of her family. With the connivance of Poppaea, charges of adultery were added, Octavia was banished to Campania and then to the island of Pandataria off the coast, and finally killed. Her severed head was sent to Rome.
2 commentsecoli
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007. Galba (68 AD - 69 AD)154 viewsGALBA. 68-69 AD.

Galba had displayed talent and ambition during his lengthy career. He enjoyed distinguished ancestry, moved easily among the Julio-Claudian emperors (with the exception of Nero towards the end of his principate), and had been awarded the highest military and religious honors of ancient Rome. His qualifications for the principate cannot be questioned. Even so, history has been unkind to him. Tacitus characterized Galba as "weak and old," a man "equal to the imperial office, if he had never held it." To be sure, Galba's greatest mistake lay in his general handling of the military. His treatment of the army in Upper Germany was heedless, his policy towards the praetorians short sighted. Given the climate in 68-69, Galba was unrealistic in expecting disciplina without paying the promised rewards.

AR Denarius (18mm, 2.97 gm). Rome mint. Bare head right / Legend in three lines within oak wreath. RIC I 167; RSC 287. Ex-CNG
2 commentsecoli73
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007. Phocas, 602-610. AE 40 Nummi.47 viewsObv. Bust of Phocas.
Rev. XXXX ANNO II, CONE below
Constantinople Mint, 607.
LordBest
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008 - Constantius II (augustus 347-355 AD), AE2 - RIC 7134 viewsObv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diadem, draped and ciurassed bust left, globe in hand.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, emperor in military dress, standing left, holding standard with chi-rho on banner, left hand on chield. Two kneeling captives at feet, leaning to left. Star in field.

Minted in Nicomedia (SMNgamma), officina 3.
pierre_p77
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008. Heraclius 610-641. AE 40 Nummi.43 viewsObv. Heraclius flanked by Heraclonas and Heracius Constantine.
Rev. Large M, ANNO above, XXII to right.
? Mint.
LordBest
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008. Otho 69 AD318 viewsOTHO. 69 AD.

Otho remains an enigma - part profligate Neronian wastrel and part conscientious military commander willing to give his life for the good of the state. Our sources are at a loss to explain the paradox. Neither Otho's person nor his bearing suggested such great courage. He is said to have been of moderate height, splay-footed and bandy-legged, but almost feminine in his care of his person. He had the hair of his body plucked out, and because of the thinness of his locks wore a wig so carefully fashioned and fitted to his head, that no one suspected it. Moreover, they say that he used to shave every day and smear his face with moist bread, beginning the practice with the appearance of the first down, so as never to have a beard; also that he used to celebrate the rites of Isis publicly in the linen garment prescribed by the cult.

AR Denarius (18mm, 3.20 gm). Bare head left / Securitas standing left, holding wreath and sceptre. RIC I 12; RSC 19. Fine. Ex-CNG
2 commentsecoli73
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009. Vitellius 69 AD155 viewsVITELLIUS. 69 AD.

Without doubt, the most fortuitous moment in Vitellius' political career was his appointment as governor of Lower Germany by the emperor Galba late in 68.

Vitellius has not escaped the hostility of his biographers. While he may well have been gluttonous, his depiction as indolent, cruel, and extravagant is based almost entirely on the propaganda of his enemies. On the other hand, whatever moderating tendencies he did show were overshadowed by his clear lack of military expertise, a deficiency that forced him to rely in critical situations on largely inneffective lieutenants. As a result he was no match for his Flavian successors, and his humiliating demise was perfectly in keeping with the overall failure of his reign.

AR Denarius (20mm, 3.24 gm). Rome mint. Laureate head right / Tripod-lebes; dolphin above, raven below. RIC I 109; RSC 111. Ex-Cng
1 commentsecoli73
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0093 - Denarius Valeria 82 BC30 viewsObv/ Draped bust of Victory r., wearing pendant earring and necklace, (control letter behind).
Rev/ C VAL FLA (VAL in ligature) on l., IMPERAT on r., EX SC across lower fields, aquila between signa exhibiting vexilla marked H (for hastati) and P (for principes).

Ag, 18.2 mm, 3.47 g
Moneyer: C. Valerius Flaccus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 365/1a [dies o/r: 36/39 (var. 1a --> 1c)] - Syd. 747a
ex-Tintinna, auction e9, lot 1108
1 commentsdafnis
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00a Domitian as Caesar RIC 541338 viewsAR Denarius, 3.46g
Rome mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMIT COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: No legend; Domitian on horse l.; r. hand raised, sceptre in l.
RIC 541 (R2). BMC 129 var. RSC 664. BNC 105 var.
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 701. = Helios, ebay, 29 November 2010 (A. Lynn Collection).

This is an extremely rare denarius of Domitian as Caesar, the second earliest minted at Rome. Here the legend is clockwise, the much more common Domitian on horseback type has the legend anticlockwise. The reverse may allude to Domitian's participation in Vespasian and Titus' joint triumph where he rode a 'magnificent' steed. The obverse is a die match with the RIC plate coin from Oxford.

The early portrait on this one is quite outstanding.
18 commentsDavid Atherton
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01 - China72 viewsChina - Ruler Chia-Ch'ing (1796-1820) Tung Ming, Yunnan.rexesq
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01 Domitian as Caesar RIC 66927 viewsĆ As, 11.05g
Rome mint, 73-74 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PAX AVGVST; S C in field; Pax stg. l., leaning on column, with caduceus and branch
RIC 669 (C). BMC -. BNC 699.
Acquired from Musa Numismatics, August 2019.

The propaganda value of Pax for the Flavian dynasty after the Civil War, the revolt of Civilis, and the Jewish War cannot be underestimated. In her various guises she is one of the most popular types on Vespasian's coinage and shows up quite frequently during the reign on the coins struck for both himself and his sons. This As struck for Domitian as Caesar shows Pax leaning on a column, which likely copies a well known cult image of the goddess.

Tellingly, less than a decade later, Pax would not feature so prominently on Domitian's own coinage as Emperor.

Fine style early portrait.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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01-02 - Semis Emision Anonima (211 - 206 A.C.)130 viewsAE Semis 28 mm 17.7 gr
Anv: Cabeza barbada y laureada de Saturno viendo a derecha - "S" (Marca de valor = Semis = 1/2 AS) detrás de la cabeza.
Rev: Proa de galera a derecha - "ROMA" debajo y "S" en campo superior.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #766 Pag.207 - Craw RRC #56/3 - Syd CRR #144a - BMCRR #229 - Hannover #597
1 commentsmdelvalle
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01-02 - Semis Emision Anonima (211 - 206 A.C.)38 viewsAE Semis 28 mm 17.7 gr
Anv: Cabeza barbada y laureada de Saturno viendo a derecha - "S" (Marca de valor = Semis = 1/2 AS) detrás de la cabeza.
Rev: Proa de galera a derecha - "ROMA" debajo y "S" en campo superior.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #766 Pag.207 - Craw RRC #56/3 - Syd CRR #144a - BMCRR #229 - Hannover #597
mdelvalle
Cuadrante AUGUSTO RIC 420.jpg
01-38 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)59 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 17 mm 2.7 gr.
Legados Monetarios LAMIA, SILIUS y ANNIUS.

Anv: "LAMIA SILIVS ANNIVS" - Dos manos tomadas (Apretón de manos) que rodeán un Caduceo.
Rev: "III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuńada 9 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #420 var Pag.74 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1693 Pag.332/3 - Cohen Vol.1 #338 Pag.108 - BMCRE #200 (=BMCRR #4617) - CBN #568
mdelvalle
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01-38 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)16 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 17 mm 2.7 gr.
Legados Monetarios LAMIA, SILIUS y ANNIUS.

Anv: "LAMIA SILIVS ANNIVS" - Dos manos tomadas (Apretón de manos) que rodeán un Caduceo.
Rev: "III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuńada 9 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #420 var Pag.74 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1693 Pag.332/3 - Cohen Vol.1 #338 Pag.108 - BMCRE #200 (=BMCRR #4617) - CBN #568
mdelvalle
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01-40 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)78 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 18 mm 2.7 gr.
4 Legados Monetarios fueron designados cada ańo en 5 y 4 A.C., aunque curiosamente continuaron labrándose “triunviro III VIR”. Las cuńaciones en 5 A.C. (Legados APRONIUS, GALUS, MESSALLA y SISENNA) son desconcertantemente complejas, exhibiendo una multiplicidad de combinaciones de los cuatro nombres en anverso y reverso.

Anv: "MESSALLA SISENNA III VIR" - Leyenda alrededor de un yunque o altar.
Rev: "GALVS APRONIVS A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Las leyendas NO coinciden con las listadas en toda la Bibliografía que poseo, solo en RIC Vol.1 Nota de pié de página 77 menciona que CBN #777/8 lista 2 "imitaciones" con la leyenda coincidente con esta moneda, al no lucir como imitaciones RIC las atribuye a simples confusiones de los acuńadores al permutar las leyendas
Acuńada 5 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #447 var Pag.77 - CBN #777/8 (Como Imitaciones) - Sear RCTV #1699-1702 var Pag.333/4 - Cohen Vol.1 #420/25 var Pag.122 - DVM #110 var Pag.71 - BMCRE #258n
mdelvalle
RIC_I_447_Cuadrante_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-40 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)24 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 18 mm 2.7 gr.
4 Legados Monetarios fueron designados cada ańo en 5 y 4 A.C., aunque curiosamente continuaron labrándose “triunviro III VIR”. Las cuńaciones en 5 A.C. (Legados APRONIUS, GALUS, MESSALLA y SISENNA) son desconcertantemente complejas, exhibiendo una multiplicidad de combinaciones de los cuatro nombres en anverso y reverso.

Anv: "MESSALLA SISENNA III VIR" - Leyenda alrededor de un yunque o altar.
Rev: "GALVS APRONIVS A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Las leyendas NO coinciden con las listadas en toda la Bibliografía que poseo, solo en RIC Vol.1 Nota de pié de página 77 menciona que CBN #777/8 lista 2 "imitaciones" con la leyenda coincidente con esta moneda, al no lucir como imitaciones RIC las atribuye a simples confusiones de los acuńadores al permutar las leyendas

Acuńada 5 A.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #447 var Pag.77 - CBN #777/8 (Como Imitaciones) - Sear RCTV #1699-1702 var Pag.333/4 - Cohen Vol.1 #420/25 var Pag.122 - DVM #110 var Pag.71 - BMCRE #258n
mdelvalle
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01. Philip I.18 viewsAntoninianus, 248 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG / Radiate bust of Philip I.
Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG / Lion facing right. I in exergue.
4.60 gm., 23 mm.
RIC #12; Sear #8956.

During the reign of Philip I, the Empire celebrated the millennium of the founding of the City of Rome. The thousandth year of Rome was calculated as running from April 21, 247 to April 21, 248. During this year, celebrations were held throughout the empire, and in the city of Rome itself. Spectacular games were held for the people and a series of coins was issued depicting the animals which appeared in these games. Other reverse types looked back a 1000 years (wolf & twins) or ahead to the future (SAECVLVM NOVVM / temple) as Rome entered a "new age." The first 8 coins in this album are the coins issued for this occasion.
Callimachus
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0105 - Denarius Septimius Severus 205 AC10 viewsObv/ SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of S.S. r.
Rev/ PM TR P XIII COS III PP, Annona togate, standing l., holding grain ears and connucopia: modium with grain ears at feet.

Ag, 18.5 mm, 3.35 g
Mint: Roma.
RIC IV.I/198 [C] – BMCRE V/475
ex-Helios Numismatik – eBay, art. #270734396362
dafnis
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0113 - Denarius Septimius Severus 194 AC12 viewsObv/ IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head of S.S. r.
Rev/ PIETAT AVG, S.S. veiled and draped, standing l., making sacrifice with patera over tripod and holding scroll.

Ag, 17.1 mm, 2.65 g
Mint: Emesa (?)
BMCRE V/387 – RIC IV.1/413 [C]
ex-Gitbud & Naumann, eBay may 2011 - art. #160589565018
dafnis
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0114 - Denarius Julia Domna 198-209 AC15 viewsObv/ IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust of J.D. r.
Rev/ SAECVLI FELICITAS, Isis standing right, polos on head, stepping on to prow of ship before her, holding wreath in right hand and naked Horus in left; behind her, ship stern and rudder.

Ag, 18.4 mm, 2.63 g
Mint: Roma.
BMCRE V/75 – RIC IV.1/577 [C]
ex-Gitbud & Naumann, eBay may 2011 - art. #1605899480471
dafnis
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011a. Julia Titi56 viewsJulia Flavia (17 September 64 - 91) was the only child to the Emperor Titus from his second marriage to the well-connected Marcia Furnilla. Titus divorced Furnilla after Julia's birth. Julia was born in Rome.

When growing up, Titus offered her in marriage to his brother Domitian, but he refused because of his infatuation with Domitia Longina. Later she married her second cousin Titus Flavius Sabinus, brother to consul Titus Flavius Clemens, who married her first cousin Flavia Domitilla. By then Domitian had seduced her.

When her father and husband died, she became Emperor Domitian’s mistress. He openly showed his love. Falling pregnant, Julia died of a forced abortion. Julia was deified and her ashes her mixed with Domitian by an old nurse secretly in the Temple of the Flavians.

AEOLIS, Temnus. Julia Titi. Augusta, AD 79-91. Ć 16mm (2.18 gm). Draped bust right / EPI AGNOU THMNIT, Athena standing left, holding palladium and scepter, shield resting on ground. RPC II 981. Near VF, dark green patina, small flan crack. Ex-CNG

From the Garth R. Drewry Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 51 (15 September 1999), lot 875; Marcel Burstein Collection.
ecoli
012_Claudius-I_(41-54_A_D_),_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Milne_0077,_Alexandria,_ME__A_I-NA_KAI___EBA_,_Messalina_standing_facing_Q-001_axis-0h_25mm_11,50ga-s.jpg
012p Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-075, D-123, Egypt, Alexandria, MEΣΣAΛI-NA KAIΣ ΣEBAΣ, Messalina standing facing,82 views012p Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-075, D-123, Egypt, Alexandria, MEΣΣAΛI-NA KAIΣ ΣEBAΣ, Messalina standing facing,
avers:- TI KΛAΥΔI KAIΣ ΣEBA ΓERMANI AΥTOK, laureate head of Claudius right, LΓ before
revers:- MEΣΣAΛI-NA KAIΣ ΣEBAΣ, Messalina standing facing, head left, leaning on draped column, holding figures of two children in extended right hand and cradling two grain ears in left arm.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 11,50g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Year (LΓ) 3 = 42-43 A.D., ref: Geissen-075, Dattari-123, Kapmann-Ganschow-12.22-p-5˝, RPC-5131, Milne 77,
Q-001
quadrans
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013. M. Junius Brutus.58 viewsDenarius, 54 BC, Rome mint.
Obverse: BRVTVS / Bust of L. Junius Brutus.
Reverse: AHALA / Bust of C. Servilius Ahala.
4.09 gm., 19 mm.
Syd. #907; RSC #Junia 30; Sear #398.

The moneyer of this coin is the same Brutus who killed Julius Caesar. However, this coin was minted about a decade earlier. It portrays two ancestors of Brutus:

1. L. Junius Brutus lead the Romans to expel their king L. Tarquinius Superbus. He was one of the founding fathers of the Roman Republic, and was elected one of the first consuls in 509 BC.

2. C. Cervilius Ahala. In 439 BC, during a food shortage in Rome, Spurius Maelius, the richest patrician, bought as much food as he could and sold it cheaply to the people. The Romans, always fearful of kings, thought he wanted to be king. So an emergency was declared and L. Cincinnatus was proclaimed Dictator. Maelius was ordered to appear before Cincinnatus, but refused. So Ahala, as Magister Equitam, killed him in the Forum. Ahala was tried for this act, but escaped condemnation by voluntary exile.
4 commentsCallimachus
0148.jpg
0148 - Denarius Rustia 76 BC30 viewsObv/ Helmeted head of Minerva r.; behind, SC; before, crossed X.
Rev/ Ram r., L RVSTI in ex.

Ag, 18.5 mm, 3.74 g
Moneyer: L.Rustius.
Mint: Roma.
RRC 389/1 [dies o/r: 42/47] - Syd. 782 - RSC Rustia 1
ex-Numismatica Tintinna, auction e11, lot 1063
dafnis
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0149 - Denarius Antoninus Pius 147-8 AC16 viewsObv/ ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P XI, laureate head of A.P. r.
Rev/ PRIMI DECEN COS IIII, inside oak wreath.

Ag, 18.5 mm, 3.29 g
Mint: Roma.
RIC III/171 [S]
ex-Numismatica Tintinna, auction e11, lot 2031
dafnis
014_Nero_(54-68_AD)Billon-Tetradrachm,_G-160-61,_D-251-52,_Alexandria,_NEP_-K_AY-KAI_-_EB-_EP_AYTOKPA-L-I_Serapis_Q-001_axis-11h_23,5-25mm_11,53g-s.jpg
014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-160-161, D-251-252, Egypt, Alexandria, AY-TOKPA, Draped bust of Serapis right,67 views014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-160-161, D-251-252, Egypt, Alexandria, AY-TOKPA, Draped bust of Serapis right,
avers:- NERΩ-KΛAΥ-KAIΣ-ΣEB-ΓER, Radiate head of Nero right
revers:- AY-TOKPA, Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing calathus, date (LI) to right.
exe: -/LI//--, diameter: 23,5-25mm, weight: 11,53g, axis: 11h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Dated year (LI) 10 = 63-64 A.D., ref: Geissen-160-161, Dattari-251-252, Kapmann-Ganschow-14.77-p-59, RPC-5274,
Q-001
quadrans
014_Nero_(54-68_AD)Billon-Tetradrachm,_G-167,_D-271,_Alexandria,_NEP_-K_AY-KAI_-_EB-_EP_AYTOKPA-L-IA_Simpulum-right_Q-001_axis-1h_24mm_13,86g-s.jpg
014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-167, D-271, Egypt, Alexandria, AY-TOKPA, Eagle standing left,92 views014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-167, D-271, Egypt, Alexandria, AY-TOKPA, Eagle standing left,
avers:- NERΩ-KΛAΥ-KAIΣ-ΣEB-ΓER-AY, Radiate head of Nero right
revers:- AY-TOKPA, Eagle standing left, palm over far wing, date (L-IA) to left.
exe: L-IA/Simpulum//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 13,86g, axis: 1h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Dated year (L IA) 11 = 64-65 A.D., ref: Geissen-167, Dattari-271, Kapmann-Ganschow-14.83-p-59, RPC-5284,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
014_Nero_(54-68_A_D_),_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Milne_0223,_Alexandria,__O__AIA__EBA_TH,_draped_bust_of_Poppaea_right,_Q-001_axis-0h_23,5mm_12,89ga-s.jpg
014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-168-169, D-197-198, Egypt, Alexandria, ΠOΠΠAIA ΣEBAΣTH, draped bust of Poppaea right,105 views014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-168-169, D-197-198, Egypt, Alexandria, ΠOΠΠAIA ΣEBAΣTH, draped bust of Poppaea right,
avers:- NERΩ ΛKAΥ KAIΣ ΣEB ΓER AV, radiate head of Nero right
revers:- ΠOΠΠAIA ΣEBAΣTH, draped bust of Poppaea right, LIA to right.
exe: -/LIA//--, diameter: 23,5mm, weight: 12,89g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Dated year (LIA) 11 = 64-65 A.D., ref: Geissen-168-169, Dattari-197-198, Kapmann-Ganschow-14.85-p-59, RPC-5280-5282, Milne 223, Koln 168, BMCGr 124,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
15a.jpg
015 Britannicus. AE17 4.0gm 25 viewsobv: bare head r.
rev: Nike with trophy
"son of Claudius and Messelina"
1 commentshill132
0150.jpg
0150 - Nummus Crispus 323-4 AC20 viewsObv/ CRISPVS NOBIL C, laureate and cuirassed bust of C. l., spear on r. shoulder and shield on r.h.
Rev/ BEATA TRA-NQLITAS, globe set on altar inscribed VOT/IS/XX in three lines; above, three stars; PLON in ex.

AE, 19.8 mm, 2.50 g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VII/278 [R3]
ex-Numismatica Tintinna, auction e11, lot 2122
dafnis
0162.jpg
0162 - Denarius Septimius Severus 194 AC62 viewsObv/ IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head of S.S. r.
Rev/ MARTI VICT, Marte helmeted, naked except cloak, holding spear and trophy.

Ag, 18.5 mm, 1.85 g
Mint: Emesa.
BMCRE V/377 – RIC IV.1/405 [S]
ex-Gitbud & Naumann, eBay feb 2012 - art. #160723022411
dafnis
0168.jpg
0168 - Semis Augustus 12-11 BC42 viewsObv/ M AGRIP QVIN HIBERO PRAE, bare head of Agrippa (?) r.
Rev/ L BENNIO PRAEF, trophy over shields.

AE, 19.5mm, 4.65g
Mint: Carthago Nova.
APRH/164 – RPC I/164 - AB589
ex-Jesús Vico, auction 132, lot 548 (ex-Hispanic Society of America, colln. Archer M. Huntington, #21102)
1 commentsdafnis
0176.jpg
0176 - Drachm Alexander III the Great 328-23 BC31 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ Zeus Aëtophoros seated on backless throne l., holding eagle on outstretched r.h. and scepter in l.h.; before, Demeter with two torches; behind, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ; under throne, monogram with circle, line and triangle.

Ag, 17.5 mm, 4.32 g
Mint: Lampsacus.
Price 1356
ex-Gitbud & Naumann, auction Pecunem 12, lot 119
dafnis
0177.jpg
0177 - Denarius Julia Soaemias 218-22 AC18 viewsObv/ IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG, togate bust of J.S. r.
Rev/ VENUS CAELESTIS, Venus togate, standing l., holding apple and long scepter; star on field r.

Ag, 20.5 mm, 3.24 g
Mint: Roma.
BMCRE V/45 - RIC IV.2/241 [C]
ex-Gitbud & Naumann, auction Pecunem 12, lot 636
dafnis
0178.jpg
0178 - Denarius Septimius Severus 210-11 AC21 viewsObv/ SEVERVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head of S.S. r.
Rev/ VICTORIAE BRIT, Victory togate standing r., holding wreath and with palm leaning on shoulder.

Ag, 19.2 mm, 2.77 g
Mint: Roma.
BMCRE V/52 - RIC IV.1/332 [S]
ex-Artemide Aste Feb 2014, lot 302 (colln. English Gentleman)
dafnis
0182.jpg
0182 - Denarius Geta 210-2 AC24 viewsObv/ P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head of Geta r.
Rev/ VICTORIAE BRIT, Victory standing l., holding crown and palm.

Ag, 19.8 mm, 2.80 g
Mint: Roma.
BMCRE V/68 – RIC IV.1/92 [S]
ex-Gitbud & Naumann, auction Pecunem 14, lot 709 (ex-Paul Francis Jacquier, auction 17, lot 464)
dafnis
antioch_gordian-III_tetradrachm_01.jpg
02 - Gordian III Tetradrachm #236 views-
--
Roman Empire
AR Tetradrachm of Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from behind.

rev: Eagle standing facing, head left, holding wreath in beak.
Beneath, crescent moon above ram running left, head reverted.

Weight: 10.9 Grams
--
-
4 commentsrexesq
DSC02767_cut_a.JPG
02 - Gordian III Tetradrachm #232 views-
--
Roman Empire
AR Tetradrachm of Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from behind.

rev: Eagle standing facing, head left, holding wreath in beak.
Beneath, crescent moon above ram running left, head reverted.

Weight: 10.9 Grams
--
-
rexesq
Personajes_Imperiales_2.jpg
02 - Personalities of the Empire61 viewsCalígula, Claudius, Britannicus , Agrippina jr., Nero, Galba, Otho, Vitellius, Vespasian, Domitila, Titus, Domitia and Julia Titi1 commentsmdelvalle
Augustus_RIC_288.jpg
02 Augustus RIC 28822 viewsAugusts 27 B.C.- 14 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome mint, 19 B.C. P. Petronius Turpilianus, moneyer. (3.65g, 18.2m, 0h). Obv: TVRPILIANS IIIVIR FERON, Diad. and draped bust of Feronia r. Rev: CAESAR AVGVSTVS SIGN RECE, Parthian kneeling r. presenting standard w. X marked vexillum. RIC 288, BMC 14, RSC 484.

A historical type commemorating the return of the standards lost by Crassus at the battle of Carrhae during his Parthian campaign in 53 B.C. Rome was humiliated by the defeat and loss of several Legionary Eagles. Crassus and several of his generals were killed. Through diplomacy, Augusts secured the return of the Eagles, an important victory to tout on his coinage.

I've been wanting this type for some time because of it's historic significance, but as it's outside of my primary collecting area, I was willing to compromise on condition. This example is worn, but clearly recognizable. The obverse has banker's marks which seem to disappear or become much more scarce on denarii towards the end of the Republic and beginning of the Empire.
Lucas H
Augustus_RIC_220.jpg
02 Augustus RIC I 022047 viewsAugustus 27 B.C.-14 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum Mint 13-14 A.D. (3.57g, 19.5, 0 h). Obv: [CAESAR AVGVSTVS] DVI F PATER PATRRIAE, laureate head r. REV: [PONTIF] MAXIM, Liva as Pax seated r. on low-backed chair, vertical scepter in r., branch in left. RIC I 220 (R2), RSC 223.

Worn and on an irregular flan, I still wanted this example because of the reverse. Minted in his last year as emperor, this was Augustus’ precursor to Tiberius’ “tribute penny.” While this was one of many types during Augustus’ reign, it was one very few types for Tiberius.
1 commentsLucas H
Augustus_RIC_359.jpg
02 Augustus RIC I 035960 viewsAugustus 27 B.C.-14 A.D. Moneyer L. Vinicius. Rome Mint. 16 B.C. (3.72g, 18.8m, 5h). Obv: Anepigraphic, bare head right. Rev: L Vinicivs in ex., Triumphal arch inscribed SPQR IMP CAE in two lines sur. by Quadriga bearing Augustus, r. holding laurel-branch, l. scepter; smaller arch on sides w archer on l. and slinger on r. RIC I 359 (R2). RSC 544.

This coin depicts Augustus’ triple arch, perhaps the first in Rome. Beginning as a double arch to commemorate his victory at Actium, the third arch was probably added to commemorate the return of the lost standards from Parthia. For a scarce type, this example is well centered and has good details on the reverse including complete legends.
3 commentsLucas H
Tribute_pennyBlack.jpg
02 Tiberius RIC 2639 viewsTiberius 14-37 AD. AR Denarius. Lugdunum Mint. 14-37 AD. Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head facing right. Rev: PONTIF MAXIM, female figure seated right, holding sceptre and branch.
RIC 26; BMC 34; RSC 16.

Ex: Ancient Delights
Paddy
02-Claudius-II-The-26.jpg
02. Claudius II: Thessalonica fractional.19 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Thessalonica mint.
Obverse: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP / Veiled bust of Claudius II, Gothicus.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark:: . TS . Γ .
1.35 gm., 16 mm.
RIC #26; PBCC #906; Sear #16399.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
Philip-I-RIC-015.jpg
02. Philip I.14 viewsAntoninianus, 248 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG / Radiate bust of Philip I.
Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG / Wolf & twins. II in exergue.
4.36 gm., 22 mm.
RIC #15; Sear #8957.
Callimachus
Traj-Decius-RIC-29c.jpg
02. Trajan Decius.18 viewsAntoninianus, ca 249 - 251 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG / Radiate bust of Trajan Decius.
Reverse: VICTORIA AVG / Victoria running, holding wreath and palm leaf.
4.22 gm., 23 mm.
RIC #29c; Sear #9387.
Callimachus
Peter_(1038-1041,_1044-1046_AD)_U-002_C1-008_H-006_Q-001_h_17,5mm_g-s.jpg
02.2.1. Orseolo Péter, King of Hungary, (1038-1041,1044-1046 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 02.2.1., H-006, U-002, CNH I.-008, #1127 views02.2.1. Orseolo Péter, King of Hungary, (1038-1041,1044-1046 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 02.2.1., H-006, U-002, CNH I.-008, #1
avers: + PETRVS REX, Cross in the circle of dots with wedges in the angles, border of dots.
reverse: + PANNONIA, Cross in the circle with wedges in the angles, line border.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17,0 mm, weight: 0,50g, axis: 9h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-006, Unger-002, CNH I.-008,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 02.2.1.,
Q-001
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Peter_(1038-1041,_1044-1046_AD)_U-002_C1-008_H-006_Q-003_8h_17,0-17,5mm_0,7g-s.jpg
02.2.2. Orseolo Péter, King of Hungary, (1038-1041,1044-1046 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 02.2.2., H-006, U-002, CNH I.-008, #1160 views02.2.2. Orseolo Péter, King of Hungary, (1038-1041,1044-1046 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 02.2.2., H-006, U-002, CNH I.-008, #1
avers: + PETRVS REX, Cross in the circle of dots with wedges in the angles, the border of dots.
reverse: + PANNONIA, Cross in the circle with wedges in the angles, line border.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 17,0-17,5 mm, weight: 0,7g, axis: 8h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-006, Unger-002, CNH I.-008,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 02.2.2.,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Peter_(1038-1041,_1044-1046_AD)_U-002_C1-008_H-006_Q-004_2h_17,5mm_0,50g-s.jpg
02.2.2. Orseolo Péter, King of Hungary, (1038-1041,1044-1046 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 02.2.2., H-006, U-002, CNH I.-008, #2127 views02.2.2. Orseolo Péter, King of Hungary, (1038-1041,1044-1046 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 02.2.2., H-006, U-002, CNH I.-008, #2
avers: + PETRVS REX, Cross in the circle of dots with wedges in the angles, the border of dots.
reverse: + PANNONIA, Cross in the circle with wedges in the angles, line border.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 17,0-17,5 mm, weight: 0,5g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-006, Unger-002, CNH I.-008,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 02.2.2.,
Q-002
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Peter_(1038-1041,_1044-1046_AD),_CÁC_I__2_2_2_,_H-006,_C1-008,_U-002,_Q-001,_4h,_16,5-17,0mm,_0,51g-s.jpg
02.2.2. Orseolo Péter, King of Hungary, (1038-1041,1044-1046 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 02.2v.2., H-006, U-002, CNH I.-008, #165 views02.2.2. Orseolo Péter, King of Hungary, (1038-1041,1044-1046 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 02.2v.2., H-006, U-002, CNH I.-008, #1
avers: + PETRV•S REX, Cross in the circle of dots with wedges in the angles, the border of dots. (dot (•) in the legend, variation !)
reverse: + PANNONIA, Cross in the circle with wedges in the angles, line border.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17,0 mm, weight: 0,51g, axis: 4h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-006, Unger-002, CNH I.-008,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 02.2v.2.,(dot (•) in the avers legend, variation !)
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
GI_020c_img.jpg
020 - Nero Billon Tetradrachm - Milne 23632 viewsBillon Tetradrachm
Obv:- NERW KLAY KAIS SEB GER, Radiate head of Nero right
Rev:– AYTO-KPA, Eagle standing left, palm under wing, simpulum in right field
Minted in Alexandria. L IA in left field. Dated Year 11 (64/5 AD).
Reference:– Dattari 271; Milne 236; Curtis 97; BMC Alexandria p 20, 166; RPC I 5284; Geissen 167; Kampmann-Ganschow 14.83
maridvnvm
Vespasian_AR-Den_CAESAR-VESPASIANVS-AVG_ANNONA-AVG_RIC-II-131b_RIC-new-964_C-29_Rome_77-78-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_18mm_3,15g-s.jpg
020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC˛ 0964, RIC II(1962) 131b, Rome, AR-Denarius, ANNONA AVG, Annona seated left,110 views020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC˛ 0964, RIC II(1962) 131b, Rome, AR-Denarius, ANNONA AVG, Annona seated left,
avers: CAESAR VESPSIANVS AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: ANNONA AVG, Annona seated left holding a bundle of corn ears in her lap.
exrgue: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,15g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 77-78 A.D., ref:RIC 0964, RIC˛ 0964, RIC II(1962) 131b,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
0202_RICII_396.jpg
0202 - Denarius Sabina 134-137 AC12 viewsObv/ SABINA AVGVSTA, togate and diademed best of S. r.
Rev/ VENERI GENETRICI, Venus standing r., raising tunica with r.h. and holding apple with l.h.

Ag, 17.1 mm, 2.97 g
Mint: Roma.
RIC II/396 (C) - BMCRE III/944
ex-Gitbud & Naumann (Pecunem), auction e30, lot 475
dafnis
KnidosARdrachm.jpg
020a, CARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm.66 viewsCARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm - 16mm (6.06 g). Obverse: forepart of roaring lion right; Reverse: archaic head of Aphrodite right, hair bound with taenia. Cahn 80 (V38/R53); SNG Helsinki 132 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 232 (same dies). Toned, near VF, good metal. Ex Barry P. Murphy.

While this coin falls within the time frame that numismatists call "Classical" Greek coinage, I have chosen to place it in both the "Archaic" (coin 020a) and "Classical" Greek sections of my collection. This specimen is one of those wonderful examples of transition--it incorporates many elements of the "Archaic" era, although it is struck during the "Classical" Greek period and anticipates characteristics of the later period.

As noted art historian Patricia Lawrence has pointed out, "[this specimen portrays] A noble-headed lion, a lovely Late Archaic Aphrodite, and [is made from]. . . beautiful metal." The Archaic Aphrodite is reminiscent of certain portraits of Arethusa found on tetradrachms produced in Syracuse in the first decade of the 5th century BC.

Knidos was a city of high antiquity and as a Hellenic city probably of Lacedaemonian colonization. Along with Halicarnassus (present day Bodrum, Turkey) and Kos, and the Rhodian cities of Lindos, Kamiros and Ialyssos it formed the Dorian Hexapolis, which held its confederate assemblies on the Triopian headland, and there celebrated games in honour of Apollo, Poseidon and the nymphs.

The city was at first governed by an oligarchic senate, composed of sixty members, and presided over by a magistrate; but, though it is proved by inscriptions that the old names continued to a very late period, the constitution underwent a popular transformation. The situation of the city was favourable for commerce, and the Knidians acquired considerable wealth, and were able to colonize the island of Lipara, and founded a city on Corcyra Nigra in the Adriatic. They ultimately submitted to Cyrus, and from the battle of Eurymedon to the latter part of the Peloponnesian War they were subject to Athens.

In their expansion into the region, the Romans easily obtained the allegiance of Knidians, and rewarded them for help given against Antiochus by leaving them the freedom of their city.

During the Byzantine period there must still have been a considerable population: for the ruins contain a large number of buildings belonging to the Byzantine style, and Christian sepulchres are common in the neighbourhood.

Eudoxus, the astronomer, Ctesias, the writer on Persian history, and Sostratus, the builder of the celebrated Pharos at Alexandria, are the most remarkable of the Knidians mentioned in history.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cnidus

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
020-Vespasian_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Alexandria,_AYTOK-KAIS-SEBA-OYESPASIANOY_LB_POMH-Roma-left_K-G-20_15_Q-001_0h_25mm_12,69g-s~0.jpg
020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-278, D-365, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, PΩMH, Roma standing left,73 views020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-278, D-365, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, PΩMH, Roma standing left,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, laureate head of Vespasianus right, LB before.
revers:- PΩMH, Roma standing left, holding spear and shield.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,69g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Year (LB) 2 = 69-70 A.D., ref: Geissen-278, Dattari-365, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.15-p-68, RPC-2413, Milne- ,
Q-001
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020-Vespasian_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Alexandria,_AYTOK-KAIS_SEBA-OYESPASIANOY,_L-Gamma_Isis-head-right_K-G-20_29_Q-001_axis-0h_23-25mm_12,14g-s~0.jpg
020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,77 views020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, laureate head of Vespasianus right.
revers:- LΓ, Isis bust right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Year (LΓ) 3 = 70-71 A.D., ref: Geissen-287, Dattari-379, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.29-p-69, RPC-2430, Milne- ,
Q-001
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020-Vespasian_AE-25,_Alexandria,_AYTOK-KAIS_SEBA-OYESPASIANOY,_LS-Y-6-73-74_Serapis-r__K-G-20_45,RPC-2441_Q-001_0h_23,8-25,3mm_8,15g-s~0.jpg
020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-300, D-401, Egypt, Alexandria, AE-25, LS, Serapis bust right,141 views020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-300, D-401, Egypt, Alexandria, AE-25, LS, Serapis bust right,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, Laureate head of Vespasianus right.
revers:- LS, Serapis bust right.
exe: -/-//LS, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Year (LS) 6 = 73-74 A.D., ref: Geissen-300, Dattari-401, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.45-p-70, RPC-2441, Milne- ,
Q-001
quadrans
Tiberius-RIC-3.jpg
021. Tiberius.23 viewsDenarius, ca 16 - 37 AD, Lugdunum mint.
Obverse: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS / Laureate bust of Tiberius.
Reverse: PONTIF MAXIM / Livia seated, as Pax, holding branch and sceptre.
3.56 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #3; Sear #1763.

Because this is the denarius that was in circulation at the time of Jesus, this coin is often called the "Tribute Penny" -- a name which is derived from the Authorized (King James) Version of the Bible where the word denarius was translated as penny.
Callimachus
0217_RICVII_290.jpg
0217 - Nummus Constantine I 323-4 AC14 viewsObv/ CONSTANTINVS AG, laureate bust of C. r.
Rev/ Victory advancing r. holding trophy and branch, advancing over captive on ground; around, SARMATIA DEVICTA; in ex., PLON and symbol.

AE, 20.5 mm, 3.78 g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VII/2 [R2] - CT 10.01.003 [C]
ex-Roma Numismatics, auction e35, lot 1539 (ex-colln of a connoisseur)
dafnis
0228_HISP_J_C_Cy98_2891.jpg
0228 - 1 Real Juana & Carlos 1542-1555 AC5 viewsObv/ Crowned coat of arms, M with circle above to l., O to r.; around, CAROLUS o ET o IOHANA o REGS
Rev/ Pillars of Hercules on waves, PL VS VL in between, central dot; around, HISPANIARVM o ET o INDIARVM

Ag, 23.5 mm, 3.32 g
Mint: México
Cy98/2891
ex-Agora Auctions, auction 81, lot 250
dafnis
0231_FaustII_RIC_III_1408.jpg
0231 - As Faustina II 147-75 AC8 viewsObv/ FAVSTINA AVG ANTONINI AVG PII FIL, togate bust of F. r.
Rev/ Venus togate standing l., holding apple on r.h. and scepter on l.h.; around, VENVS; S C low on field.

AE, 25.9 mm, 10.26 g
Mint: Roma
RIC III/1408 [C] – BMCRE IV/2172 var.
ex-Numismatik Naumann, auction 74, lot 367
dafnis
V_Istvan_((1245)1270-1272_A_D_)_U-_C1-_H-_PTN-kVI-PT38-PT39_Nud-4-Nud-9_Q-001_6h_9,6mm_0,23g-s.jpg
024. H--- István V., (Stephen V.), King of Hungary, ((1245)1270-1272 A.D.), H--, CNH I.--, U--, PTN-K-VI 109 (2005), AR-Obolus, Very Rare!!!148 views024. H--- István V., (Stephen V.), King of Hungary, ((1245)1270-1272 A.D.), H--, CNH I.--, U--, PTN-K-VI 109 (2005), AR-Obolus, Very Rare!!!
avers: Animal figure advancing left, above the star.
reverse: •RЄX•/STЄ•-•PAN, Doublecross on the shield.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 9,6mm, weight: 0,23g, axis: 6h,
mint: , date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--, , Pannonia Terra Numizmatika (PTN)-Kamara(K)-VI/109(2005), PTN38/130(2014), PTN-39/165(2014), Nudelman-9/125(2011), Very Rare!!
Q-001
quadrans
261-augustus as-ctmk02.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE As - struck by P LVRIVS AGRIPPA (7 BC)91 viewsobv: [CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT] (bare head of Augustus left) (with ALAR countermark)
rev: [P LVRIVS AGRIPP]A IIIVIR AAA FF / S.C.
ref: RIC I 426
9.81gms, 24mm

ALAR = ALA II Hispanorum et Arvacorum. It was a cavalry from Hispania settled to Pannonia at the limes of Danube (near Aquincum, today Budapest)
berserker
augustus quadr-.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE quadrans - struck 5 BC67 viewsobv: GALVS.MESSALLA.III.VIR
rev: SISENNA.APRONIVS.AAA.FF / S.C.
ref: RIC I 443, C.352
mint: Rome, 3.03gms, 16mm
Moneyers Apronius, Galus, Messalla, and Sisena.

The quadrans (literally meaning "a quarter") was a low-value Roman bronze coin worth 1/4th of an as. After ca. 90 BC, when bronze coinage was reduced to the semuncial standard, the quadrans became the lowest-valued coin in production.
berserker
augustus RIC344-RRR.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AR denarius - struck by P. Licinius Stolo, moneyer (17 BC)83 viewsobv: AVGVSTVS TR POT (Augustus, laureate, wearing cloak and short tunic, on horseback riding right, holding patera in right hand - banker's mark)
rev: P STOLO III VIR (Salii or priest of Mars's cap (same than apex flaminis) between two studded oval shields (ancilia)).
ref: RIC I 344 (R3); BMCRE 76; RSC 439 (80frcs)
mint: Rome
3.53gms,18-19mm
Extremely rare

History: The Ludi Saeculares were spread over a period of three days (from May 31 to June 3), and Augustus celebrated them to inaugurate the beginning of a new age. On the reverse of this coin the ancilias (sacred shields) symbolised the music at festivals. The "jumping priests" or Salii marched to the Regia, where was the shrine of Mars, in which the ancilia (the sacred shield, and its 11 copies) of Mars were stored. The Salii wearing apex, taking the bronze Ancilia, and danced through the streets carrying poles with the shields mounted on them in their left hands. With their other hand, they banged the shields with a drumstick.
3 commentsberserker
Traianus_AR-Den_IMP-TRAIANO-AVG-GER-DAC-PMTRP_COS-V-PP-SPQR-OPTIMO-PRINC_RIC-142_Q-001_axis-h_0,00mm_3_27g-s.jpg
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0142, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS V P P SPQR OPTIMO PRINC, Arabia, 81 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0142, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS V P P SPQR OPTIMO PRINC, Arabia,
avers:- IMP-TRAIANO-AVG-GER-DAC-PMTRP, Laureate head right.
revers:- COS-V-PP-SPQR-OPTIMO-PRINC, Arabia standing left, holding branch and cinnamon sticks; ostrich to left.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5mm, weight:3,27g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 106 A.D., ref: RIC-II-142-p253, C-89,
Q-001
quadrans
027_Traianus_(98-117_A_D_)_Billon-Tetradr,_D-703_Alexandria,_AYT-TPAIAN-CEB-_EPM-_AKIK_LIB_Snake-l__Q-001_axis-1h_25mm_12,69g-s~0.jpg
027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-, D-703, Egypt, Alexandria, Agathodaemon serpent coiled with head left,85 views027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-, D-703, Egypt, Alexandria, Agathodaemon serpent coiled with head left,
avers:- AYT-TPAIAN-CEB-ΓEPM-ΔAKIK, Laureate head right.
revers:- No legend, Agathodaemon serpent coiled with head left, holding caduceus and grain ear within coils.
exe: -/-//L-I-B, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,69g, axis: 1h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: Dated year (LΙΒ) 12 = 1018-109 A.D., ref: Dattari-703, Kapmann-Ganschow-27.146-p-90,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
027_Traianus_(98-117_A_D_)_Billon-Tetradrachm,_G-160-61_D-251-52_Milne-560_Alexandria,__L-E_Eagle-r__Q-001_0h_23mm_12,93g-s.jpg
027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-160-161, D-251-252, Egypt, Alexandria, Eagle standing right,70 views027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-160-161, D-251-252, Egypt, Alexandria, Eagle standing right,
avers:- AYT-KAIΣ-NEP-TPAIAN-ΣEB-ΓEPM, Laureate head right.
revers:- No legend, Eagle standing right, wings closed, L-E across field.
exe: L/E//--, diameter: 23mm, weight: 12,93g, axis: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: Dated year (L-E) 5 = 101-102 A.D., ref: Geissen-450-451, Dattari-705, Kapmann-Ganschow-27.31-p-86, Milne-560,
Q-001
quadrans
027_Traianus_AE-23_AY_KAI_TRAI-AN-GEDA_TABH-NWN_Moushmov__SNG_Cop_559,_Mionnet__Tabae_-AD_Q-001_0h_22-24mm_9,16g-s~0.jpg
027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), Caria, Tabae, SNG Cop-559, AE-23, Demeter standing left, 60 views027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), Caria, Tabae, SNG Cop-559, AE-23, Demeter standing left,
avers:- AY-KAI-TPAIA-NOC-API-ΓEΔA, Laureate head right .
revers:- TABH-NΩN, Demeter, polos on head, standing left, holding corn-ears, bunch of grapes and sceptre.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22-24 mm, weight: 9,16g, axis: 0h,
mint: Caria, Tabae, date: A.D., ref: SNG Cop-559, SNG Aulock 2718, SNG München 545, Hunter 4; Weber Coll. 6586; BMC 74.
Q-001
quadrans
Phoenicia,_Aradus,_027p_Traianus_(98-117_A_D_),_Astarte-Europa-Traianus_r_,_Bull_l_,_BMC_Phoen__374,_AE-23mm,_(EOT_y375)_116-7_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_23mm,_10,69g-s.jpg
027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), Phoenicia, Arados, BMC Phoenicia 374, AE-23, Bull left, #161 views027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), Phoenicia, Arados, BMC Phoenicia 374, AE-23, Bull left, #1
avers: Bust of Astarte-Europa right, in stephane and veil, falling from chignon, smaller laureate head of Trajan right in front
reverse: Bull running left, date EOT (year 375) above, Phoenician letter on left, APAΔIΩN belove.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 23,0mm, weight:10,69g, axes:0h,
mint: Phoenicia, Arados, date: EOT=year 375, 116-117 A.D.,
ref: BMC Phoenicia 374
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
027_Traianus_AE-20_AVTOK_N_P_TPAIAOS_CEB-T-T-D_PERINQIWN_Moushmov_4438_SNG_Cop_736,_Mionnet_II_1191_Perinthos_-AD_Q-001_7h_20-21mm_3,94g-s~0.jpg
027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), Thrace, Perinthos, Moushmov-4438, AE-20, Dionysus standing left, 62 views027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), Thrace, Perinthos, Moushmov-4438, AE-20, Dionysus standing left,
avers:- AVTOKP-N-TPAIAOC-CEB•Γ•Γ•Δ•, Laureate head right, slight drapery on left shoulder.
revers:- ΠEPIN-ΘIΩN•, Dionysus standing left, holding cantharus (or grapes) over lighted altar (or panther), and thyrsus, star on the left field.
exe: */-//--, diameter: 20-21 mm, weight: 3,94g, axis: 7 h,
mint: Thrace, Perinthos, date: A.D., ref: Moushmov-4438, SNG Cop-736, Mionnet-II-1191,
Q-001
quadrans
Anjou_Károly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD),_Denar,_H-488,_C2-044,_U-385,_Pohl_45,__M_REGIS_KAROLI,_Dragon,_1335_AD,_Q-001,_2h,_11mm,_0,33g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-488, CNH-2-044, U-385, P-45, #0173 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-488, CNH-2-044, U-385, P-45, #01
avers: ✠ M REGIS KARVLI, Inside of the line circle, a shield with Angevin fleur-de-lis and Árpádian stripes, annulets flanking and above, line border.
reverse: Winged dragon advancing right the cross above, the border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: 0,33g, axis:2h,
mint: Hungary, date: 1335 (by Pohl) A.D., ref: Huszár-488, CNH-2-044, Unger-385, Pohl-45,
Q-001


Charles Robert of Anjou
2 commentsquadrans
Tiberius_RIC_I_4.jpg
03 01 Tiberius RIC 454 viewsTiberius 14-37 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum Mint, 15-16 A.D. (3.74g, 17.6mm, 6h). Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right. Rev: [TR POT X]VII. IMP [VII] in exergue, Tiberius, laur. And cloaked, stg. In slow Quadriga r., holding laurel branch and eagle tipped scepter. RIC I 4 (R2), BMC 7, RSC 48.

For an emperor with relatively long reign, Tiberius’ silver coinage was remarkably unvaried with the ubiquitous “tribute penny” making up the bulk of his denarii. This is a decent example of, perhaps, the second most common silver coin. Although the reverse legends are largely off the flan, the obverse has a decent portrait and legend.
2 commentsLucas H
03_Tiberius,_RIC_I_30.jpg
03 02 Tiberius RIC 30151 viewsTiberius. 14-37 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum (Lyon) Mint. 3.78 g., 19 mm. Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right. Rev: PONTIF MAXIM, Livia as Pax, seated right, holding scepter and olive branch. Feet on footstool. Ornate chair legs. One line below throne. RIC I 30, RSC 16a.

The well known "tribute penny." When brought a coin as requested, Jesus asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denarius type is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible.
8 commentsLucas H
Decanummium Justiniano I SB00326.jpg
03-27 - Justiniano I (01/08/527 - 14/11/565 D.C.) 32 viewsAE Decanummium (10 nummi) 15 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "D.N. IVSTINIANVS PP.AVG." - Busto con yelmo y coraza, portando "Sphaira" ó "globus cruciger" u "Ordis" (Globo coronado por una cruz) en mano derecha y escudo en izquierda, viendo al frente. A su Izquierda " + ".
Rev: Gran " I ", " A/N/N/O " a izquierda y " XX/XV/II " (Ańo de reinado) a derecha. " CON " en exergo.

Acuńada Ańo=37, 563/4 D.C.
Ceca: Ravenna

Referencias: Sear BCTV #326 Pag. 85 - Bellinger D.O. Vol.I #347/55 - B.M.C. #404/9 - Tolstoi M.B. #450/2 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #2/7 - Hahn M.I.B. #229
1 commentsmdelvalle
03-Constantius-The-25.jpg
03. Constantius I: Thessalonica fractional.21 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Thessalonica mint.
Obverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINCIPI / Veiled bust of Constantius I.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark: . T . SB .
1.78 gm., 16 mm.
RIC #25; PBCC #908; Sear unlisted.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
Philip-II-RIC-224.jpg
03. Philip II as Augustus.12 viewsAntoninianus, 248 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG / Radiate bust of Philip II.
Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG / Goat (or Moose/European Elk) walking; III in exergue.
4.23 gm., 22 mm.
RIC #224; Sear #9275.

The animal on the reverse of this coin is called a goat in most coin catalogues. However, a recent theory suggests that it is a European Elk (same as the American Moose) which is depicted rather than a goat.
Callimachus
RI_030r_img.jpg
030 - Vespasian, Denarius, Ephesus, RIC 1457 48 viewsObv - IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, right
Rev - PACI AVGVSTAE; Victory adv. right, with wreath and palm; at lower right, star; annulet beneath
Minted in Ephesus, A.D. 74
References:- RIC 1457. BMCRE 475. RSC 277.
Dimensions:- 22.04 mm x 19.07 mm

Severely double struck.

It looks like there was a very off-centre initial strike and the coin was re-struck with a central strike.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U-429-o_C2-94A_H-542_LODOVICCI_-R_-VnGARIE_S_LADIS-LAVS_R_Q-001_5h_13,8-14mm_0,55g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-542, C2-94A, U-429.o., #01132 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-542, C2-94A, U-429.o., #01
avers: ✠ LODOVICI•R•VnGARIЄ, Anjou-Hungarian shield in circle of dots, lily on each side and above, border of dots.
reverse: S•LADIS LAVS•R, Saint Ladislas standing facing, holding halberd and orb, mint-mark on right side, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/IO(vertical)//-- were struck by Iohannes Mochel (by Pohl), diameter: 13,8-14,0mm, weight: 0,55g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya, (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica)(by Pohl), date: 1366 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-429-o., CNH-2-094A, Huszár-542, Pohl-79-10,
Q-001
quadrans
Nagy-Lajos-(1342-1382AD)_AR-denar_U-419_C2-79_H-529_1346-49AD_L_Praying-kneeling-angel-left_m-REGIS-LODOVICI_Q-001_1h_12,5mm_0,45g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-419, #0177 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-419, #01
avers: "L "in the left field, Praying kneeling angel to left.
reverse: ✠ m RЄGIS LODOVICI, Crown the inner circle.
exergue, mint mark: L/-//--, were struck by Lorandus (by Pohl), diameter: 12,5mm, weight: 0,45g, axis: 1h,
mint: Hungary, Szeged (by Pohl), date: 1342 A.D. (by Pohl)1346-1349 A.D. (by Unger ), ref: Unger-419, CNH-2-079, Huszár-529, Pohl-66, (error! mixed the avers and reverse with Pohl-65!),
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I_U-432-a_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_15mm_0,49g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a, #0176 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a, #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (---), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//-- Without mint mark was struck by Johannes Saracenus (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0mm, weight: 0,49g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432a, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-01,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-a_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-003_15mm_0,53g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a, #0362 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a, #03
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (---), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//-- Without mint mark was struck by Johannes Saracenus (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0mm, weight: 0,53g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432a, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-01,
Q-003
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-a-var_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14,5mm_0,54g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a-var1., #0174 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a-var1., #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots. Dot middle on the face.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross, amongst emission-marks (---), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//-- Without mint mark was struck by Johannes Saracenus (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432a-var1., CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-01,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-a-var-2_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,41g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a.var2, #0173 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a.var2, #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross, amongst emission-marks (---), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//-- Without mint mark was struck by Johannes Saracenus (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432a-var2., CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-01,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-a-var3_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_15mm_0,56g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a.var3, #0168 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a.var3, #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots. Polka dot pattern in headscarves and neck.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (---), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//-- Without mint mark was struck by Johannes Saracenus (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432a-var3., CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-01,
Q-001
quadrans
Hadrian_AR-Den_HADRIANVS-AVGVSTVS-P-P_COS-III_RIC-II-338_RSC-380_134-138-AD_Q-001_6h_18,5-19mm_3,11g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0338, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS III, Annona seated left,111 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0338, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS III, Annona seated left,
avers: HADRIANVS-AVGVSTVS-P-P, Laureate head right.
revers: COS-III, Annona seated left, holding hook in right hand, cornucopia in left, modius at feet before.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 3,11g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 134-138 A.D., ref: RIC II 338, RSC-380,
Q-001
quadrans
Hadrian_AE-quadrans_HADRIANVS-AVGVSTVS_COS-III-P-P-Caduceus_RIC-II-734_Rome_132-134-AD_Q-001_6h_16-17mm_2,50g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0734, Rome, AE-Quadrans, COS-III P P, Winged Caduceus, Very Rare !183 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0734, Rome, AE-Quadrans, COS-III P P, Winged Caduceus, Very Rare !
avers:- HADRIANVS-AVGVSTVS, Bust of Hadrian, laureate, right.
revers:- COS III P P, Winged, Caduceus.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16-17mm, weight: 2,50g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 132-134A.D., ref: RIC-II-734-p-, Very Rare !
"BMC p. 464, *, citing Cohen 506 (Gréau Sale, 6 francs).
Strack 495b: two spec. in Vatican, one in Vienna." by Curtis Clay
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Hadrian_AE-Dupondius_HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-PP_ANNONA-AVG_S-C_RIC-II-796_C-166_134-AD_R-1_Q-001_axis-6h_25-26mm_11,65g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0796a, Rome, AE-As, ANNONA AVG, S-C, Annona standing left, Rare !178 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0796a, Rome, AE-As, ANNONA AVG, S-C, Annona standing left, Rare !
avers:- HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-PP, Laureate head right.
revers:- ANNONA-AVG, Annona standing left holding corn ears over modius and rudder, S-C across the field.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 25-26mm, weight: 11,65g, axes: 6h,
mint: , date: 134 A.D., ref: RIC-II-796a p-441, C-166,
Q-001
quadrans
037.jpg
032 HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS8 viewsEMPEROR: Herennius Etruscus, as Ceasar
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, radiate and draped bust right
REVERSE: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Herennius standing left, holding rod and spear
DATE: 251 AD
MINT: Roma
WEIGHT: 4.02 g
RIC: 147c
Barnaba6
Zsigmond_(1387-1437_AD)_Quarting_U-456c_C2-129_H-586_K-Cross-on-S_Q-005_6h_12,6-12,9mm_0_33g-s.jpg
032 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Quarting (1/4 Denar or Fyrting), U-456-c., #01178 views032 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Quarting (1/4 Denar or Fyrting), U-456-c., #01
avers: Patriarchal cross, mint-mark on each side.
reverse: Crown.
exergue, mint mark: K/+/S//-- were struck by Johannes Siebenlinder (by Pohl), diameter:12,6-12,9mm, weight: 0,33g, axis:6h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (today Slovakia: Kremnitz), date: 1434 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-456-c., CNH-2-129, Huszár-586, Pohl-124-38,
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032_Hadrianus_(117-138_A_D_),_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Milne-1034_,_Alexandria,_L-IE-Year-15_Q-001_0h_mm_gx-s~0.jpg
032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1034, D-1610, Egypt, Alexandria, L IE, Hadrian and Alexandria,61 views032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1034, D-1610, Egypt, Alexandria, L IE, Hadrian and Alexandria,
avers:- AΥT KAI TPAIA AΔPIA CEB, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L IE, Hadrian standing togate left with sceptre, greeted by Alexandria in elephant-skin headdress.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 130-131 A.D., Year (IE)15., ref: Geissen-1034, Dattari-1610, Kapmann-Ganschow-32.509-p-138, BMC 869,
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032_Hadrianus_(117-138_A_D_),_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Milne-1433v_D-1851v_,_Alexandria,_L_IH_Year-18_Q-001_0h_mm_gx-s.jpg
032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1107-1108, D-1661-1662, Egypt, Alexandria, L I H, Osiris and Isis,63 views032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1107-1108, D-1661-1662, Egypt, Alexandria, L I H, Osiris and Isis,
avers:- AΥT KAIC TPAIAN AΔPIANOC CEB, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L I H, Canopic jars of Osiris and Isis within shrine, uraeus crown in pediment.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 133-134 A.D., Year (IH)18., ref: Geissen-1107-1108, Dattari-1661-1662, Kapmann-Ganschow-32.590-p-144, BMC -,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
032_Hadrianus_(117-138_A_D_),_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Milne_,_Alexandria,_L_IH_Year-18_G-1109_D-1671_Q-001_0h_mm_gx-s.jpg
032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1109-1110, D-1671-1672, Egypt, Alexandria, L I H, Demeter and Euthenia,61 views032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1109-1110, D-1671-1672, Egypt, Alexandria, L I H, Demeter and Euthenia,
avers:- AΥT KAIC TPAIAN AΔPIANOC CEB, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L I H, Demeter standing right, holding corn-ears and torch, facing Euthenia, standing left, holding corn-ears and sceptre.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 133-134 A.D., Year (IH)18., ref: Emmett 941.18, Milne 1408, Geissen-1109-1110, Dattari-1671-1672, Kapmann-Ganschow-32.579-p-143, BMC -,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
032_Hadrianus_(117-138_A_D_),_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Milne_1454,_Alexandria,_L_EN-NEAK_,_Bust_of_Nilus_right,_Q-001_0h_22-24mm_11,96gx-s.jpg
032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-1147-1148, D-1430-1431, Egypt, Alexandria, L EN-NEAKΔ, Bust of Nilus right,69 views032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-1147-1148, D-1430-1431, Egypt, Alexandria, L EN-NEAKΔ, Bust of Nilus right,
avers:- AΥT KAIC TPAIAN AΔPIANOC CEB, Laureate head left .
revers:- L EN-NEAKΔ, Bust of Nilus right, draped on left shoulder, cornucopiae behind right shoulder.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22-24mm, weight: 11,96g, axis: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 134-135 A.D., Year (IΘ)19., ref: Geissen-1147-1148, Dattari-1430-1431, Kapmann-Ganschow-32.619-p-146, Milne 1454, Köln 1148, BMC 646, Curtis 456-458,
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RI 033a img.jpg
033 - Titus denarius - RIC 21889 viewsObv:– T CAESAR VESPASIANVS, Laureate Head Right
Rev:– ANNONA AVG, Annona seated left, leaning elbow on seat and raising drapery
Reference RIC 218

(SOLD)
maridvnvm
RI_033d_img.jpg
033 - Titus Denarius - RIC II new 728 viewsObv:– IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P VIIII IMP XIIII - COS VII, Capricorn left on globe
Minted in Rome. After 1 July, 79, Group II
Reference:– RIC II new 7

Notes from an example sold by H. J. Berk: "Rare without P P in reverse legend. Titus must have accepted the title Pater Patriae quite soon after the beginning of his ninth tribunician year on 1 July 79 AD. Cohen 280 cites this coin 'with or without P P' as being in the Paris collection, but in fact Paris lacks the denarius of this type without P P, though it possesses the corresponding aureus (Paris-3). Cohen must have seen the denarius without P P in another collection. We had another specimen in our Catalogue 125, 2002, 374; none in Reka Devnia hoard."
maridvnvm
etruscillasestertius.JPG
033. Herennia Etruscilla, wife of Trajan Decius, 249-251A.D. AE Sestertius.52 viewsObv. Diademed and Draped bust right HERENNIA ETRVSCILLA AVG

Rev. Pudicitia seated left, drawing out veil and holding sceptre PVDICITA AVG

RIC V 36b, Cohen 22.
LordBest
Antoninus-Pius_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-PP-TRP-XV_COS-IIII_Q-001_3_40g.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0204, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #1102 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0204, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-XV, Laureate head right.
revers:- COS-IIII, Annona standing left, holding grain ears and resting hand on modius on galley prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,40g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 151-152 A.D., ref: RIC-III-204-p-51, C-288,
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Antoninus-Pius_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-PP-TRP-XV_COS-IIII_RIC-_-AD_Q-002_6h_17,5-18mm_3,07g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0204, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #277 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0204, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #2
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-XV, Laureate head right.
revers:- COS-IIII, Annona standing left, holding grain ears and resting hand on modius on galley prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 3,07g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date: 151-152 A.D., ref: RIC-III-204-p-51, C-288,
Q-002
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Antoninus-Pius_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-PP-TRPXVI_COS-IIII_Q-001a_2_53g.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0221, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #1107 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0221, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-XVI, Laureate head right
revers:- COS-IIII, Annona standing left, holding grain ears and resting hand on modius on galley prow
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,53g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 152-153 A.D., ref: RIC-III-221-p-53, C-290,
Q-001
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Ant_Pius_RIC-231_0h_17,5-18mm_3,00g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0231, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #1126 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0231, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-XVII, Laureate head right.
revers:- COS-IIII, Annona standing left, holding two corn ears and resting left hand on modius, filled with corn ears, set on prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 3,00g, axis:0h,
mint: Rome, date: 154 A.D., ref: RIC-III-231-p-,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Ant_Pius_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-PP-TR-P-XVII_COS-IIII_RIC-231_p-_AD_Q-002_6h_18mm_3,22g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0231, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #272 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0231, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #2
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-XVII, Laureate head right.
revers:- COS-IIII, Annona standing left, holding two corn ears and resting left hand on modius, filled with corn ears, set on prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,22g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date: 154 A.D., ref: RIC-III-231-p-,
Q-002
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Ant_Pius_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-XVIII_COS-IIII_RIC-239_p-_155-AD_Q-001_6h_17-17,5mm_2,65g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0239, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS IIII, Annona, #1158 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0239, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS IIII, Annona, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-XVIII, Laureate head right.
revers:- COS-IIII, Annona standing left, holding two corn ears and resting left hand on modius, filled with corn ears, set on prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17-17,5mm, weight: 2,65g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 155 A.D., ref: RIC-III-239-p-,
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Ant_Pius-AE-Sest_ANTONINVS-AVG-PI-VS-P-P-TRP-COS-III_ANNONAdotAVG_S-C_RIC-597_C-34_Rome_142-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_32-33mm_29,18g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0597, Rome, AE-Sestertius, ANNONA•AVG, Annona standing right, S-C,178 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0597, Rome, AE-Sestertius, ANNONA•AVG, Annona standing right, S-C,
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PI-VS-P-P-TR-P-COS-III, Laureate head right.
revers:-ANNONA•AVG, Annona standing right holding corn ears over modius and cornucopiae, prow behind, S-C across the field.
exe:S/C//--, diameter: 32-33mm, weight: 29,18g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 142 A.D., ref: RIC-III-597-p-, C-34,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Ant_Pius-AE-As_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-XVII_ANNONA-AVG-COS-IIII_S-C_RIC-912_C-42_Rome_142-AD_Q-001_11h_27mm_9,20g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0912, Rome, AE-As, ANNONA-AVG-COS-IIII, Annona standing right, S-C,87 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0912, Rome, AE-As, ANNONA-AVG-COS-IIII, Annona standing right, S-C,
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-XVII, Laureate head right.
revers:-ANNONA-AVG-COS-IIII, Annona standing, holding corn ears and poppies over altar and modius, S-C across the field.
exe:S/C//--, diameter: 27mm, weight: 9,20g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 142 A.D., ref: RIC-III-912-p-, C-42,
Q-001
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Ant_Pius-AE-As_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-IMP-II_TR-POT-XIX-COS-IIII_S-C_RIC-956_C-986_Rome_155-156-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-5h_26-27mm_10,14g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0956, Rome, AE-As, TR POT XIX COS IIII, Annona sitting right, S-C, Scarce!114 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0956, Rome, AE-As, TR POT XIX COS IIII, Annona sitting right, S-C, Scarce!
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-IMP-II, Laureate head right.
revers:- TR-POT-XIX-COS-IIII, Annona seated right, modius at foot, holding cornucopiae with both hands, S-C in ex.
exe:-/-//SC, diameter: 26-27mm, weight: 10,14g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 155-156 A.D., ref: RIC-III-956-p-, C-986, Scarce!
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035_Antoninus_Pius_(138-161_A_D_),_AE-23,_V_,___V__rev-Z_or_E,_Commagene,Zeugma,_BMC-3v__Q-001_0h_23mm_ga-s.jpg
035p Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), Commagene, Zeugma, BMC 3v., AE-23, ΖƐΥΓΜΑΤƐω(Ν), Temple with four columns,128 views035p Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), Commagene, Zeugma, BMC 3v., AE-23, ΖƐΥΓΜΑΤƐω(Ν), Temple with four columns,
avers:- (ΑΥΤΟ ΚΑΙ ΤΙ ΑΙΛ ΑΔΡΙ) ΑΝΤωΝΙΝΟС СƐΒ ƐΥС, Laureate head left.
revers:- ΖƐΥΓΜΑΤƐω(Ν), Temple with four columns, before, colonnaded peribolos containing grove, all in laurel wreath, below, numeral letter E.
exe: -/-//E, diameter: 22-23,7mm, weight: 9,04g, axis:1h,
mint: Commagene, Zeugma, date: 138-161 A.D., ref: BMC 3v.,
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035p_Antoninus_Pius_(138-161_A_D_),Egypt,_Alexandria,_AR-Tetradr,_L-IS,_Y-16,_G-1680,_D-2297,_KG-35_548,_152-3_AD_,Q-001,_0h,_21,5-22mm,_14,02g-s.jpg
035p Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, G-1680, D-2297, AR-Tetradrachm, L-IS/-//--, Nilus reclining left, #174 views035p Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, G-1680, D-2297, AR-Tetradrachm, L-IS/-//--, Nilus reclining left, #1
avers: ANTωNINO C CЄB ЄVCЄB, Laureate head right.
reverse: Nilus reclining left, holding reed and cornuopiae from which emerges small Genius; small Genius inscribes Nilometer before, crocodile below.
exergue: L-IS/-//--, diameter: 21,5-22,0mm, weight: 14,02g, axis: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: L-IS, Year=16, 152-152 A.D., ref: Geissen-1680, Dattari-2297, Kapmann-Ganschow-35.548-p186,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Iohannes-Hunyadi-r.gif
036 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486.g, avers, please click on the picture,157 views036 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486.g, avers, please click on the picture,
avers: ✠TEMPORE IO GVBERnATOR, Crowned Bohemian Lion advancing left in circle; border of dots.
reverse:-
diameter: mm, weight: 0,00g,
mint: Hungary, Buda, mint mark: h-S, by (Pohl).
date: 1447-1450 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-486.g, CNH-2-157A, Huszár-620,
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Iohannes-Hunyadi-a.gif
036 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486.g, reverse, please click on the picture,154 views036 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486.g, reverse, please click on the picture,
avers:
reverse: ✠ MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (•/h-S); border of dots.
diameter: mm, weight: 0,00g,
mint: Hungary, Buda, mint mark: •/h-S, by (Pohl).
date: 1447-1450 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-486.g, CNH-2-157A, Huszár-620,
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deciussestpannonia~0.JPG
036. Trajan Decius, 249-251AD. AE Sestertius. 32 viewsAE Sestertius. Rome mint..
Obv. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG

Rev. The two Pannoniae standing left holding military standards. PANNONIAE SC

RIC 124a, Cohen 87.

Beautiful patina, wonderful portrait. gVF.
LordBest
37.jpg
037 Annius Verus & Commodus AE17 2.6gm31 viewsobv: confronted busts of Verus l. and Commodus r. club and caduceus between
rev: facade of decastyle temple with eagle in pediment
"sons of M. Aurelius"
1 commentshill132
Janos-Hunyadi_(1446-1453_AD)_Den_U-485var_C2-156_H-618_TEmP-E-IhAnIS_m-REG-VnGAR-E_n-P_Q-001_11h_13mm_0,40g-s.jpg
037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, 485-d.var., #01,87 views037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, 485-d.var., #01,
avers: TEMPO•IOhAnIS (legend variation), Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (h-P or n-P); border of dots.
reverse: ✠ m•REGIS•VGRE (legend variation), Hungarian shield with Árpadian stripes in circle; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: h/P//--, diameter: 13mm, weight: 0,40g, axis: 11h,
mint: Hungary, Nagyszegben (Hermanstadt, today Romania: Sibiu, by Pohl), date: 1446 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-485-d.var., CNH-2-156, Huszár-618, Pohl-175-04,
Q-001
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Janos-Hunyadi_(1446-1453_AD)_Den_U-485_d_C2-156_H-618_TEmPORE-IOhAnIS_m-RGnI_VnGARIE_h-P_Q-001_6h_12,5-13mm_0,56g-s.jpg
037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485-d., #01,95 views037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485-d., #01,
avers: TEMPORE IOhAnIS (legend variation), Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (h-P); border of dots.
reverse: ✠m•REGnI•VnGARIE, Hungarian shield with Árpadian stripes in circle; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: h/P//--, diameter: 12-13mm, weight: 0,56g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Nagyszegben (Hermanstadt, today Romania: Sibiu, by Pohl), date: 1446 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-485-d., CNH-2-156, Huszár-618, Pohl-175-04,
Q-001
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Janos-Hunyadi_(1446-1453_AD)_Den_U-485_e_C2-156_H-618_TEmPORE_IOhAnIS_m_REGnI_VnGARIE_h-cX_Q-001_7h_13-13,5mm_0,59g-s.jpg
037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485-e., #01,86 views037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485-e., #01,
avers: TEMPORE•IOhAnIS (legend variation), Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (h-c˟), border of dots.
reverse: ✠m•REGnI•VnGARIE, Hungarian shield with Árpadian stripes in circle; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: h/c˟//--, were srucked by Christophorus de Florentia, (by Pohl). diameter: 13-13,5mm, weight: 0,59g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Nagyszegben (Hermanstadt, today Romania: Sibiu, by Pohl), date: 1446 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-485-e., CNH-2-156, Huszar-618, Pohl-175-05,
Q-001
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Janos-Hunyadi_(1446-1453_AD)_Den_U-486_d_C2-157A_H-620_TEMPORE-IO-_-GVBERnATOR-_-_Rozetta-MOnETA-_-REGnI-_-VnGARIE_Q-001_19mm_0,72g-s.jpg
037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486-d., Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-S, #01 113 views037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486-d., Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-S, #01
avers: ✠TEMPORE•IO•GVBERnATOR, Crowned Bohemian Lion advancing left in circle; border of dots.
reverse: Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (B-S); border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/S//-- were strucked by Stephanus Mikola, diameter: mm, weight: 0,00g,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1447-1451 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-486-d., CNH-2-157A, Huszar-620, Pohl-177-04,
Q-001
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Janos-Hunyadi_Den_U-487_C2-157C_H-623_Q-001_19mm_0,72ga-s.jpg
037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-487, Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-I, #01104 views037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-487, Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-I, #01
avers: •TEMPORE IO•GVBERnATOR, Bohemian Lion advancing left in circle, without crown, border of dots.
reverse: Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, in circle, mint-mark on each side (B-I); border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/I//-- were strucked by Iohannes Münczer (by Pohl), diameter: 19mm, weight: 0,72g,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1451-1452 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-487, CNH-2-157C, Huszár-623, Pohl-179,
Q-001
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Janos-Hunyadi_(1446-1453_AD)_Den_U-488_C2-166_H-631_m_LADISLAI_R_VnGARIE_E__IOhAnI_GVBERnATORIS__B-I_Q-001_6h_17,2mm_0,41ga-s.jpg
037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-488, Raven standing left, Rare!, #01136 views037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-488, Raven standing left, Rare!, #01
avers: ✠m•LADISLAI•R•VnGARIE•E•, Two-part Hungarian shield (stripes, patriarchal cross) in circle, mint-mark on each side, border of dots.
reverse: ✠IOhAnI•GVBERnATORIS•, Raven standing left, in circle, ring in beak, over crescent, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/I//-- were strucked by Iohannes Münczer (by Pohl), diameter: 13-13,5mm, weight: 0,59g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1452 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-488, CNH-2-166, Huszár-631, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
037_Janos_Hunyadi,_AR-Obol,_Lion,_Patriarchal_cross,_B-I,_U-490b,_C2-158A,_H-622,_1447-1450_Q-001_h,_12,5mm,_g-s.jpg
037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-Obulus, Huszár-622, Patriarchal cross, B-I, #01163 views037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-Obulus, Huszár-622, Patriarchal cross, B-I, #01
avers: Bohemian Lion with crown advancing left in circle, line border.
reverse: Patriarchal cross, in circle, mint-mark on each side (B-I), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/I//-- were strucked by Iohannes Münczer (by Pohl), diameter: 12,0mm, weight: 0,27g, axis: 0h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1447-1450 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-622, CNH-2-158A, Pohl-178-1, Unger-490b,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
037_Janos_Hunyadi_,_Gubernator_of_Hungary,_(1446-1453_A_D_),_Huszar-622,_AR-Obulus,_Q-002,_h,_13,5mm,_g-s.jpg
037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-Obulus, Huszár-622, Patriarchal cross, B-I, #02192 views037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-Obulus, Huszár-622, Patriarchal cross, B-I, #02
avers: Bohemian Lion with crown advancing left in circle, line border.
reverse: Patriarchal cross, in circle, mint-mark on each side (B-I), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/I//-- were strucked by Iohannes Münczer (by Pohl), diameter: 13,5mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1447-1450 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-622, CNH-2-158A, Pohl-178-1, Unger-490b,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
037b_Marc-Aurelius_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-AVG-ARMENIACVS_P-M-TR-P-XIX-IMP-II-COS-III_RIC-III-125_RSC-484_Rome-165-AD_Q-001_11h_17,5-18mm_2,99g-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0125, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XIX IMP II COS III, Annona standing left,68 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0125, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XIX IMP II COS III, Annona standing left,
avers: ANTONINVS-AVG-ARMENIACVS, Laurate head right.
revers: P-M-TR-P-XIX-IMP-II-COS-III, Annona standing left, right foot set on prow (?), emptying cornucopia with both hands into modius before her.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 2,99g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date:165 A.D., ref: RIC-III-125, p-, C-474, BMC-359, RSC-484, Sear-4920, p-
Q-001
quadrans
037_Marcus_Aurelius_(139-161_A_D__as_Caesar,_161-180_A_D__as_Augustus),_AR-Denarius,_RIC_III_142,_Rome,_P_M_TR_P_XIX_IMP_III_COS_III,-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0142, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XIX IMP III COS III, Annona standing left,93 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0142, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XIX IMP III COS III, Annona standing left,
avers:- M-ANTONINVS-AVG-ARMENIACVS, Laurate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XIX-IMP-III-COS-III, Annona standing left, holding grain-ears over modius and cornucopiae.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 3,09g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date:165 A.D., ref: RIC-III-142, p-224, C-484, Sear-4922,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
037_Marcus_Aurelius_(139-161_A_D__as_Caesar,_161-180_A_D__as_Augustus),_AE-Dupondius,_RIC_III_982,_Rome,-Q-001_g-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0982, Rome, AE-Dupondius, SALVTI AVG COS III, Salus standing left,93 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0982, Rome, AE-Dupondius, SALVTI AVG COS III, Salus standing left,
avers: M-ANTONINVS-AVG-TR-P-XXIIII, Radiate, draped and cuirassed head right.
revers: SALVTI AVG COS III, Salus standing left, feeding serpent entwined around altar, and holding sceptre; S-C across fields.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 24-25mm, weight: 6,37g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date:169-70 A.D., ref: RIC III 982 p-292, Cohen 549, Kampmann 037.219, van Meter 34-145.
Q-001
quadrans
Marc-Aurelius_AE-Sest_IMP-M-ANTONINVS-AVG-TR-P-XXV_VOTA-SVSCEP-DECENN-II_S-C_COS-III_RIC-1017_C-1037_Rome_170-71-AD_Q-001_axis-h_35mm_x,xxg-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 1017, Rome, AE-Sestertius, VOTA SVSCEP DECENN II, S/C//COS III, Emperor standing left, Scarce!204 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 1017, Rome, AE-Sestertius, VOTA SVSCEP DECENN II, S/C//COS III, Emperor standing left, Scarce!
avers:- IMP-M-ANTONINVS-AVG-TR-P-XXV, Laurate head right.
revers:- VOTA-SVSCEP-DECENN-II, Emperor standing left, sacrificing over tripod altar, S-C across the field, COS III in ex.
exerg: S/C//COS III, diameter: 32-33mm, weight: 28,69g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date:170-71 A.D., ref: RIC-III-1017-p-294, C-1037, Sear-,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Marc-Aurelius_AE-Kontorniat-medallion_X_Pax_RIC-_Rome-AD_Q-001_axis-11h_28mm_20,45g-1-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III ???, AE- Medallion ??? , Rome, Pax?,108 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), AE- Medallion ??? , Rome, Pax?
avers:- Laurate head right.
revers:- Pax (??) standing left, holding branch and cornucopiae, Or Annona ???.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 28mm, weight: 20,45g, axis: 11 h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-????, C-????, Sear-?????,
Q-001
quadrans
037_Marcus-Aurelius_AE-18_OVHPOC-KAICAP-Bear-draped-r__A_PIANO-_O_EIT-Apollo-r-_Hadrianopolis_Var-2-3180-p-261_Q-001_7h_17,5mm_2,92g-s.jpg
037p Marcus Aurelius (161-180 A.D.), Thrace, Hadriannopolis, Varbanov 3180 var, AE-17, AΔPIANO-ΠOΛEIT, Apollo advancing right,62 views037p Marcus Aurelius (161-180 A.D.), Thrace, Hadriannopolis, Varbanov 3180 var, AE-17, AΔPIANO-ΠOΛEIT, Apollo advancing right,
avers:- OVHPOC-KAICAP, Bare-headed, draped bust younger emperor right.
revers:- AΔPIANO-ΠOΛEIT, Apollo (Propylaeus) advancing right, holding bow.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5 mm, weight: 2,92 g, axis: 7 h,
mint: Thrace, Hadriannopolis, date: A.D., ref: Varbanov (2) 3180 var. p-261,
Q-001
quadrans
038_Laszlo-V_(Ladislaus_V_)_Throne_require_(1440-1453)_Denar_U-503_C2---_H-653_Q-001_9h_17,5mm_54g-s.jpg
038 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as Throne Require of Hungary, (1440-1453 A.D.), AR Denarius, U-503, Extremely Rare!!!224 views038 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as Throne Require of Hungary, (1440-1453 A.D.), AR Denarius, U-503, Extremely Rare!!!
avers: ✠mOnETA•LADISLAI•DEI•G, Hungarian Shield two parts left Árpádian stripes, and right the Patriarchal cross, K-G, circle, border of dots.
reverse: ✠REGIS•VnGARIE•ETCT, Hungarian shield.
exergue, mint mark: K/G//-- were struck by Johannes Constorfer (by Pohl), diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 0,54g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöczbánya (Kremnitz,), date:1452 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-503-b., CNH-2-Not in, Huszár-653, Pohl-167, Extremely Rare!!!
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Personajes_Imperiales_4.jpg
04 - Personalities of the Empire58 viewsCommodus, Crispina, Pertinax, Didius Julianus, Manlia Scantilla, Didia Clara, Pescennius Níger, Clodius Albinus, Septimius Severus, Julia Domna, Caracalla, Plautilla, Geta and Macrinusmdelvalle
RIC_26_Denario_Tiberio.jpg
04-01- TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)34 viewsAR Denario 20 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas sin ornamentos apoyadas en una plataforma (doble-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuńada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #26 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8 Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16 Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
RIC_26_Denario_Tiberio_1.jpg
04-02 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)24 viewsAR Denario 19x18 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas sin ornamentos apoyadas en una plataforma (doble-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuńada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #26 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8 Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16 Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
RIC_28_Denario_Forrado_Tiberio.jpg
04-05 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)26 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA,
Denario Forrado 18.5 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas directamente en el piso, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.
Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuńada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #28 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #45 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8b Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16b Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
RIC_28_Denario_Tiberio.jpg
04-06 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)26 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas en una plataforma (triple-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuńada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #28 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #45 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8b Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16b Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
Denario_Tiberius_RIC_30_2_Fourree.jpg
04-09 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)45 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA,
Denario Forrado 19x18 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas directamente en el piso, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.
Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.
Acuńada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #30 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol. I #42 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8a Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16b Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
RIC_30_Denario_Forrado_Tiberio.jpg
04-09 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)21 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA,
Denario Forrado 19x18 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas directamente en el piso, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.
Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.
Acuńada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #30 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol. I #42 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8a Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16b Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
Denario Tiberio RIC 26.jpg
04-10 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)108 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas sin ornamentos, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Acuńada 14 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #26 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8 Pag.75 - CBN #5 - RSC Vol. II #16 Pag.1
1 commentsmdelvalle
Denario_Tiberio_RIC_26_anterior.jpg
04-10 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)69 viewsAnv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas sin ornamentos apoyadas en una plataforma (doble-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuńada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #26 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8 Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16 Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
Denario_Tiberio_RIC_26_1.jpg
04-11 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)70 viewsAR Denario 19x18 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas sin ornamentos apoyadas en una plataforma (doble-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuńada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #26 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8 Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16 Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
Denario_Tiberio_RIC_29_2.jpg
04-12 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)86 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas en una plataforma (triple-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuńada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #28 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #45 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8b Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16b Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
RIC_30_Denario_Tiberio.jpg
04-12 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)21 viewsAR Denario 18x16 mm 3.6 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas directamente en el piso, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda, Livia descansa sus pies sobre una pequeńa plataforma.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuńada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #30 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #48 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8c Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16a Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
Denario_Tiberio_RIC_30_1.jpg
04-14 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)91 viewsAR Denario 18x16 mm 3.6 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas directamente en el piso, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda, Livia descansa sus pies sobre una pequeńa plataforma.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuńada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #30 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #48 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8c Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16a Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
1 commentsmdelvalle
RPC_65_AS_ITALICA_Tiberio.jpg
04-40 - Cnia. Itálica - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)18 viewsAE AS 27/29 mm 13.85 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR AVGVSTVS PONT MAX IMP" (Leyenda anti-horaria), Cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "MVNIC ITALIC PERM DIVI AVG" (Leyenda anti-horaria), Altar en el que se inscribe en tres líneas "PROVIDE / NTIAE / AVGVSTI".

Acuńada 14 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Cnia. Municipium Itálica, Hispania (Hoy Saltipontes, Sevilla, Espańa)

Referencias: RPC #65, SNG Cop #417, ACIP #3333, Vives Pl.CLXVIII #9, ABH #1593, Burgos #1250, Chaves #115-263, GMI #A1049-1051, FAB #1683 P.205, Sear GICV #253 P.24, Cohen I #89 P.197, Heiss #8 P.380, Mionnet Vol.I #131 P.17/18
mdelvalle
04-Maximianus-Sis-41.jpg
04. Maximian: Siscia fractional.43 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Siscia mint.
Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP / Veiled bust of Maximian.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark: SIS
1.61 gm., 15mm.
RIC #41; PBCC #838; Sear #16412.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
Ot-Severa-RIC-116b.jpg
04. Otacilia Severa.26 viewsAntoninianus, 248 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: OTACIL SEVERA AVG / Diademed bust of Severa, on crescent.
Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG / Hippopotamus facing right. IIII in exergue.
4.16 gm., 22 mm.
RIC #116b; Sear #9160.
Callimachus
040_Hunyadi-Matyas,_(Mathias-Corvinus),_(1458-1490_A_D_),_H-718,_C2-234,_U-564_f,_K-P,_P-219-4,_Kremnitz,_1472-78,_Q-001,_1h,_15,5-16,0mm,_0,53g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.f, P-219-04, K/P//--, Madonna and child, #0166 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.f, P-219-04, K/P//--, Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion with Crown). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROn VnGARI•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots,(Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/P//--, were struck by Paul Peck, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5-16,0mm, weight: 0,53g, axis: 1h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1472-1478 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Huszár-718, CNH-2-234, Unger-564.f., Pohl-219-04,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
040_Hunyadi-Matyas,_(Mathias-Corvinus),_(1458-1490_A_D_),_H-718,_C2-234,_U-564_g,_K-A,_P-219-2,_Kremnitz,_1472-78,_Q-001,_2h,_15,0-16,5mm,_0,62g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.g, P-219-02, K/A//--, Madonna and child, #0166 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.g, P-219-02, K/A//--, Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion with Crown). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROnA VnGARIЄ•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots,(Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/A//--, were struck by Augustin Langsfelder, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0-16,5mm, weight: 0,62g, axis: 2h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1472-1478 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Huszár-718, CNH-2-234, Unger-564.g., Pohl-219-02,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_567b_C2-232_H-722_M_MATHIE_R_VNGARIE__PATRONA-VNGARIE__K_PonRozette_1489AD_Q-001_9h_15,5mm_0,49g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-567.b., Madonna and child, #01176 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-567.b., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠M•MATHIE•R•VNGARIE, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. One dots both side of the shield. (Legend variation!)
reverse: PATRON VNGARIE, Nimbate and Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding nimbate infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (K-P/Rozette) on each side; line border, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ P/Rozette//--, were struck by Peter Schaider, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5mm, weight: 0,49g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1488 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-567.b., CNH-2-232, Huszár-722, Pohl-223-01,
Q-001

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040 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Obulus, U-578.h., #0177 views040 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-578.h., Madonna and child, #01
avers: Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak.
revers: Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her left arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: K/ V/A//--, were strucked by Veit Mühlstein and Augustin Langsfelder, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 12,0-13,0mm, weight: 0,30g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1479 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-578.h., CNH-2-244, Huszar-728, Pohl-220-07,
Q-001

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Matyas-Hunyadi,_AR-Den,_H-706,_C2-228,_U-556_a,_P-206-1,_mOnETA_mAThIE_D_EI_G,_REGIS_hV_nGARIE_,_B-E,_Q-001,_6h,_14,5-15,5mm,_0,71g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-706, C2-228, U-556.a., P-206-01, #0166 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-706, C2-228, U-556.a., P-206-01, #01
avers: ✠•mONЄTA•mAThIЄ•D•ЄI•G•, Two-part shield (Hungarian (Árpádian) stripes, a raven with ring) in a circle; border of dots.
reverse: RЄGIS•hV nGARIAЄ, Patriarchal cross in a circle, mint-mark on each side (B-Є); border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/Є//-- were struck by Johannes Ernuszt (by Pohl), diameter: 14,5-15,5mm, weight: 0,712g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Buda (by Pohl), date: 1463 A.D., ref: Unger-556.a., CNH-2-228, Huszár-706, Pohl-206-01,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_563x_C2-236_H-716_m_mAThIE_R_hVnGARIE__PATROn-VnGAR__K_P-V_Q-001_10h_15,5-16,5mm_0,44g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.e, P-219-05, K/ P/V//--, Madonna and child, #01119 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.e, P-219-05, K/ P/V//--, Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠m•mAThIЄ•R•hVnGARIЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion with Crown). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROn VnGAR•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots,(Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ P/V//--, were struck by Paul Peck/Veit Mühlstein, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 0,44g, axis: 10h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1472-1478 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Huszár-718, CNH-2-234, Unger-564.e., Pohl-219-05,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Hunyadi-Matyas_(Mathias-Corvinus)_(1458-1490_A_D_)_U-561c_C2-214_H-714_Q-001_6h_18mm_1,02g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-561-c., #01390 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-561-c., #01
avers: ✠MOnЄTA•MAThIЄ•DЄ,
reverse: rosette RЄGIS•h VnGARIAЄ•, Patriarchal cross in circle of line, mint-mark on each side (K-I); border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: K/I//-- were struck by Iohannes Constofer (by Pohl), diameter: 18mm, weight: 1,02, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), date: 1467 A.D., ref: Unger-561-c., CNH-2-214, Huszár-714, Pohl 214-03,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_562e_C2-235A_H-717g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.e., Madonna and child, #01104 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.e., Madonna and child, #01
avers: •m•mAThIЄ•R•hVnTARIЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak.
reverse: PATROn VnGARIAЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/+ on top of the horseshoe//-- were struck by Stephan Kowach (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g,
mint: Hungary, Buda (by Pohl),
date: 1469 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.e., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-05,
Q-001
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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #01107 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA-mAThIЄ•R•VnGARIЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROnA VnGARIAЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ K over Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 0,71g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1468 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.h., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-08,
Q-001

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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #02118 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #02
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: PATROnA VnGARIAЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ K over Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 0,51g, axis: 10h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1468 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.h., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-08,
Q-002

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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #03125 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #03
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: PATROnA VnGARI, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ K over Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0-16,5mm, weight: 0,53g, axis: 3h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1468 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.h., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-08,
Q-003

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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #04124 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #04
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnGAR, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. (Legend variation!)
reverse: •PATROnA VnGARI•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ K over Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 16,0-16,5mm, weight: 0,51g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1468 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.h., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-08,
Q-004

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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.i., Madonna and child, #01118 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.i., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠ m mAThIЄ R VnGARIЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: PATROn VnGAR, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 0,63g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1469 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.i., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-09,
Q-001
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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.m., Madonna and child, #01101 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.m., Madonna and child, #01
avers: m mAThIЄ•R hVnGARЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: PATROn VnGARЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots. (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: n/ hammers//--, were struck by Bürgertschaft, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5-16,0mm, weight: 0,51g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (today Romania : Baia Mare) by Pohl,
date: 1470 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.m., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-13,
Q-001

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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-564.c., Madonna and child, #0198 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-564.c., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•hVnGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROn VnGARI•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ G//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 16,0mm, weight: 0,46g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1472-1478 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-564.c., CNH-2-234, Huszár-718, Pohl-219-03,
Q-001

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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-565.a., Madonna and child, #0185 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-565.a., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠m•mAThIЄ•R•hVnGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATRO VnGARI, Crowned Madonna sitting, holding infant Jesus in her left arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ P/V//--, were struck by Paul Peck/Veit Mühlstein, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0-15,5mm, weight: 0,65g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1479-1485 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-565.a., CNH-2-239A, Huszár-719, Pohl-221-03,
Q-001

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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Gross, U-550.d-var., Madonna and child, #01168 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Gross, U-550.d-var., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•RЄIS•hVnOAR, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads(two!!), Crown(!!) and Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. (Legends error! "•RЄIS•hVnOAR" instead of "•RЄGIS•hVnGAR" and variation!)
reverse: PATROnA VnGARIЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots. (Legend variation!)
exergue, mint mark: K/ Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 26,5mm, weight: 2,9g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1469 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-550.d-var., CNH-2-213A-Evar., Huszár-692, Pohl-193-02,
Q-001
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Matyas-Hunyadi_Garas_U_550-j_C2-213A-E_H-695_P-197-05_mOnETA_mAThIE_REGIS_Vn__PATROnA-hVnGARIE__1479-85_AD_Q-001_4h_26,0mm_3,05g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Gross, U-550.j., Madonna and child, #01157 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Gross, U-550.j., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•RЄGIS•Vn, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, (three!) Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. (Legend variation!)
reverse: •PATROnA hVnGARIЄ•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.(Legend variation!)
exergue, mint mark: K/ V/A//--, were struck by Veit Mühlstein and Augustin Langsfelder, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 26,0mm, weight: 3,05g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1479-1485 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-550.j., CNH-2-213A-Evar., Huszár-695, Pohl-219-05,
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II_Ulaszlo_Den_U-638-d_C2-276_H-803_M_WLADISLAI_R_VNGARIE__PATRON-_---_-VNGARIE_1495-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-638.d., #0189 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-638.d., #01
avers: M•WLADISLAI•R•VNGARIЄ•, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Bohemian lion in the inner shield.
reverse: PATRON VNGARIЄ, Nimbate and Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding nimbate infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (K - B/AF/M) on each side; line border.
exergue, mint mark: K /B/AF/M//-- were struck by Andreas Hellebrand and Franz Körnidl (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1496 A.D., ref: Unger-638.d., CNH-2-276, Huszár-803, Pohl-238-03,
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Wladislai-II-4a-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-638.e., #01162 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-638.e., #01
avers: M•WLADISLAI•R•VNGARIЄ•, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Bohemian lion in the inner shield.
reverse: PATRON VNGARI•Є, Nimbate and Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding nimbate infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (K-S/Є) on each side; line border.
exergue, mint mark: K/S/Є//-- were struck by Stephanus Ryzmegl and Erasmus Rezl (by Pohl), diameter: 16 mm, weight: 0,52g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1497 A.D., ref: Unger-638.e., CNH-2-276, Huszár-803, Pohl-238-04,
Q-001

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Wladislai-II-2a-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-640a, #0178 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-640a, #01
avers: m•WLADISLAI•R•VnGARIЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in the inner shield.
reverse: PATROnA VnGARI•,
diameter: 16mm, weight: 0,52g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark:K-h (Pohl),
date: A.D., ref: Unger-640a, CNH-2-272A, Huszar-806,
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Ulaszlo_II_,_AR-Den,_H-807,_C2-272B,_U-641c,_P-242-3,_WLADISLAI_R_VNGARI_,_PATRO_N__VNGAR,_n-A,_1505_AD,_Q-001,_4h,15,5mm,_0,61g-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-641c, P-242-3, #0177 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-641c, P-242-3, #01
avers: •WLADISLAI•R*VNGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, and Bohemian lion). The Polish eagle in the inner shield. Interesting legend variation, than to start the legend the "M"(oneta) is absent!
reverse: PATRO N•VNGAR, Crowned Madonna with the child in her right arm.
diameter: 15,5mm, weight: 0,61g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (now Baia Mare, Romania), mint mark:n-A (Pohl), struck by Ambrosius Literatus (by Pohl),
date: 1505 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszar-807, CNH-2-272B, Unger-641c, Pohl-242-3,
Q-001
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Wladislai-II-3a-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-644a, #0188 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-644a, #01
avers:- M•WLADISLAI•R•VNGARI•, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield.
revers:- PATRON_VNGARIE,
diameter: 15,5-16mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark:K-h (Pohl),
date: A.D., ref: Unger-, CNH-, Huszar-,
Q-001
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Wladislai-II-5-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-646c/1512, Madonna and child, #0167 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-646c/1512, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- *1512*WLADISLAI*R*VNGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield.
revers:- *PATRONA*_*VNGARIE*,
diameter: 15mm, weight: 0,57g, axis: 3h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), mint mark:K-G (Pohl),
date: 1512A.D., ref: Unger-646c, CNH-2-278A, Huszar-811,
Q-001
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Wladislai-II-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-646c/1514, Madonna and child, #0174 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-646c/1514, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- *1514*WLADISLAI*R*VNGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield.
revers:- *PATRONA*_*VNGARIE*,
diameter: 15mm, weight: 0,63g, axis: 10h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), mint mark:K-G (Pohl),
date: 1514 A.D., ref: Unger-646c, CNH-2-278A, Huszar-811,
Q-001
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040_Ulászló_II__(Wladislas_II_,_Jagellion)_,_King_of_Hungary,_(1490-1516_A_D_)_AR_Obulus,_H-813,_P-240-3,_U-647d,_1497AD,_Q-001,_11h,_11,5-12mm,_0,31g-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, H-813, U-647.d., #01183 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, H-813, U-647.d., #01
avers: No legend, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), a Bohemian lion in the central shield.
reverse: No legend, Nimbate, and Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding Nimbate infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (K-S/Є) on each side, line border.
exergue, mint mark: K/S/Є//-- were struck by Stephanus Ryzmegl and Erasmus Rezl (by Pohl), diameter: 11,5-12,0 mm, weight: 0,31g, axis: 11h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1497 A.D., (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-813, CNH 2 284, Pohl 240-03, Unger 647.d.,
Q-001
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Ulaszlo-II_(1490-1516_AD)_AR-Obulus_U-650_C2-281_H-815_Q-001_4h_11,5-12mm_0,24g-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, U-650a, Madonna and child, #01147 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, U-650a, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, Polish eagle with outstretched wings.
revers:- Nimbate and Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm.
diameter: 11,5-12,0mm, weight: 0,24g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), mint mark: K- h, by (Pohl)
date: 1498-1501 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-650a, CNH-2-281, Huszar-815,
Q-001
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Ulaszlo-II_(1490-1516_AD)_AR-Obulus_U-650b_C2-281_H-815_1498-1501-AD_Q-001_2h_12mm_0,40g-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, U-650b, Madonna and child, #01116 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, U-650b, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, Polish eagle with outstretched wings.
revers:- Nimbate and Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm.
diameter: 12,0mm, weight: 0,40g, axis: 2h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), mint mark: K- H, by (Pohl)
date: 1498-1501 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-650b, CNH-2-281, Huszar-815,
Q-001
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Lajos-II_,_(1516-1526_AD),_(Ladislaus_II,_Jagiellon),_AR-Denar,_H-841,_C2-306A,_U-673a,_P-255-32,_A-V,HK,_1526,_Q-001,_8h,_14,5-15mm,_0,56g-s.jpg
042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-673a., Madonna and child, A/V//HK, 1526, #0174 views042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-673a., Madonna and child, A/V//HK, 1526, #01
avers: LVDOVICVS ᵒRᵒVNGARI*1626*, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in the inner shield. The date (1526) above the shield between two flowers, and flower with five petals, the border of dots.
reverse: PATRONA HK VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (A-V) on each side, HK below, the border of dots.
exergue/mint mark: A/V//HK, diameter: 14,5-15,0mm, weight: 0,56g, axis: 8h,
mint: Hungary, Visegrád (Pohl), date: 1526 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Huszar-841, CNH-2-306A, Unger-673a., Pohl-255-32,
Q-001
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Lajos-II__(1516-1526_AD)_(Ladislaus_II,_Jagiellon)_Denar_U-675-a_C2-308A_H-846_L-B-1521_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-a., Madonna and child, L-B, 1521, #0177 views042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-a., Madonna and child, L-B, 1521, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield. The date (1521) above the shield between two flower, and flower with five petals between two dots on each side, border of dots.
revers:- Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (L-B) on each side; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: L/B//-- diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1521 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-675-a., CNH-2-308A, Huszar-846, Pohl-258-01, "Moneta Nova"
Q-001
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Lajos-II__(1516-1526_AD)_(Lodovicus_II,_Jagiellon)_Denar_U-675-a_C2-308A_H-846_L-B-1523_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagel