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Search results - "Messene"
Sicily25 viewsGreek colonies dotted the island of Sicily from about the mid-8th C. BC onward, sometimes conflicting with the native tribes (Sikels to the east, Sikanians in central Sicily, and Elymians to the west) and several Phoenician colonies. The largest issuance of coinage by the city-states often came amidst conflict among themselves and later arrivals, the Carthaginians and Romans. While Greek coin types and denominations predominated, the local litra and its fractions of onkiai survived down to the Roman conquest in 212 BC, when local striking withered. Major mints include Akragas, Gela, Himera, Kamarina, Katane, Leontini, Messene, Naxos, Segesta, Selinos, Syracuse, and the siculo-punic mints of Entella and Lilybaion.
3 commentsAnaximander
Achaean League, Messene.14 viewsAchaean League, Messene. 196-146 BC. AR Hemidrachm (2.40 gm). Laureate head of Zeus Amarios, r. / Large AX monogram, with X above and m below. VF. Benner 14; BCD Peloponessos 722.8; HGC 5 #596; Clerk pl XII 4, #297; SNG Cop 317.Christian T
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Messenia-Messena. Circa 175-168 BC.103 viewsAR Hemidrachm (18mm, 2.46 g).
Laureate head of Zeus right / Monogram; O-OP-N across field, M below; all within wreath tied at bottom.
Agrinion 325d-e; Clerk 304; BCD 722.7, 724; Benner-Messene-23 (same obverse die).

exBeast Coins.
2 commentsCGPCGP
Achaian League, Messene, 191-183 BC, AR Hemidrachm7 viewsLaureate head of Zeus left.
Large AX monogram, Ξ-E across fields, ΠAY monogram above and ligate ME below, all within laurel wreath.

HGC 5, 595 (this coin); BCD Peloponnesos 706 (this coin); Agrinion 314 (same obverse die); Clerk 310.

(14 mm, 2.50 g, 1h)
Auctiones GmbH 1, 19 December 2011, 28; ex- BCD Collection: LHS 96, 8-9 May 2006, 706; ex- de Nicola, May 1982.
BOEOTIA. Thebes. AR Stater.52 viewsCirca 425-400 B.C. AR Stater (12.08gm, 20mm, 5h). BCD Boiotia-388; Head Pg. 36-classy, pl. III#8; SNG Cop. 286. Obverse: Boeotian shield with club across lower half. Reverse: Volute amphora with fluted shoulders, Θ-E across fields, all within incuse square. Well struck on a very good metal. Struck in high relief. Scarce variety. Choice aEF.

Ex Pars Coins

The coins of Boeotia prominently feature the Boeotian shield on its obverse. This particular coin we have from the city-state of Thebes was minted between 425-400 B.C. during the Peloponnesian War. Thebes, at that time, alongside the rest of the 10 Boeotian poleis, sided with the Peloponnesian League under the hegemony of Sparta against the Athenian Empire. The Boeotian Confederation instituted a form of federal coinage based on the Aeginetic standard. A particular period of Theban coinage reached its numismatic artistic merit at around the same period that this coin was minted (425-400 B.C). Although the obverse always shows the shield, the reverse features the head of Dionysos, Herakles or a volute amphora. The amphora eventually became more popular after 400 B.C on the reverse of most Boeotian coin. Early staters showing the amphora on the reverse could be identified by a rounder vase and the city ethnic in the field and all are contained within a square incuse. Later coinage features the same amphora on the reverse and generally includes various magistrates name and less of the cityís ethnic and all are within a round incuse. The obverse also has a more distinct rounder shield on later coinage. At this later date in the mid- 4th century B.C. Thebes was the leading power in Greece and almost united all the Greek city states, freed Messene from Sparta and subdued the latter. Ironically, this paved the way for Macedonian conquest of Greece and in the process, destroyed Thebes and sold its population into slavery by Alexander the Great in 335 B.C.

1 commentsJason T
Greece, Messene - ancient spring221 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Messene - Arcadian gate228 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Messene - Ekklesiasterion247 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Messene - Stadium260 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Messene - Stadium - "VIP sector"225 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Messene - Stadium - votiv column219 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Messene - theatre227 viewsentrance to koilon - auditoriumJohny SYSEL
GREEK, Achaean League, Messene, 175-168 BC, AR Hemidrachm 165 viewsLaureate head of Zeus Hamarios left.
Large AX monogram; N - Φ across fields, M below; all within wreath.
HGC 5, 597 (this coin); Benner 23 (this coin); BCD Peloponnesos 723 (this coin); Agrinon 323g (same dies); Clerk 216 (Megalopolis); SNG Copenhagen 315.
(15 mm, 2.44 g, 5h)
ex- BCD Collection: LHS 96 (8-9 May 2006) Lot 723
3 commentsLloyd T
GREEK, Achaean League, Messenia-Messena. Circa 175-168 BC. 152 viewsAR Hemidrachm (18mm, 2.46 g).
Laureate head of Zeus right / Monogram; O-OP-N across field, M below; all within wreath tied at bottom.
Agrinion 325d-e; Clerk 304; BCD 722.7, 724; Benner-Messene-23 (same obverse die).

exBeast Coins.
1 commentsDino
GREEK, Messenia, Messene, ca. 191-183 BC, AE Hemiobol or Hexachalkon (Hoover plate coin - HGC 5, 575) 185 viewsDiademed head of Demeter right. / Zeus Ithomatos standing right, hurling thunderbolt with right hand, eagle perched on left wrist, tripod to right; ME/ΞE in two lines in left field.
HGC 5, 575 (this coin) (S); BCD Peloponnesos 708 (this coin); Grandjean 222a (this coin illustrated); BMC 24 var.
(23 mm, 7.59 g, 1h)
ex-BCD Collection: LHS Numismatics 96 (8 May 2006) Lot 708
3 commentsLloyd T
Lucania, Metapontum AR Nomos53 viewsStruck circa 340-330 BC. AR Nomos, 7.83g. Johnston Class B2. HN Italy-1575. SNG ANS 432-440. Obverse bearded head of hero Leukippos wearing unadorned Corinthian helmet right; behind lion head right; monogram below chin. Reverse barley ear of seven grains with leaf to left; club above leaf, AMI below; META in right field.

Ex Joseph Melchione collection. Ex Ira and Larry Goldberg Pre-Long Beach Sept. 4-5, 2012 Auction 70th Sale, lot 3021. Ex CNG. VF, toned.

The head of the hero Leukippos on this coin is particularly elegant. He was a mythical king of Messene whom the Metapontines claimed as the founder of their city. His appearance on the coins almost certainly serves as an allusion to the help given to Metapontum by Alexander the Molossian, another king from across the sea. The mythological hero Leukippos (his name means owner of a white horse, i.e., a wealthy man) was particularly popular in Metapontum, appearing on the obverse of many of the city's nomoi, or staters, starting c. 350 BC. This helmeted and bearded head also served as a prototype for Rome's early didrachms with a similar head of Mars. (Commentary courtesy Classical Numismatic Group).
1 commentsJason T
Messene, Peloponessos. Late 2nd - early 1st Century BC>46 viewsAE
8 grams
Apollo laureate right
Zeus hurling thunderbolt. eagle on wrist. tripod before. ME behind.
cf. BCD 735-738
Messenia - Messene c. late 2nd century16 viewsPeloponnesos Messenia - Messene. c. late 2nd century. Hemidrachm, Ar 15.1~16.4mm. 2.29 g. OBV: Diademed head of Zeus to left, dotted border. REV: Tripod between ΜΕ/Σ all within laurel wreath. BMC 15. Ex BCD.ddwau
Messenia, Messene6 views

MESSENIA, Messene. Pseudo-autonomous issue. Time of the later Julio-Claudians, mid first century AD. ∆ Hemiobol or Hexichalkon, Veiled and draped bust of Tyche right, wearing mural crown / Zeus Ithomatas standing facing, head right, holding scepter and eagle; wreath to right. Grandjean Sťrie XVI, Em. β, 688b; BCD Peloponnesos 762.
Messenia, Messene - Achaean League c. 280 - 146 B.C.9 viewsMessenia, Messene - hemidrachm of Achaean League (Silver, 2.42g. 15.4~16mm.), c. 280 - 146 B.C. Obv: Laureate head of Zeus to right. Rev: AX monogram, M below, XP above, all within laurel wreath.ddwau
Messenia, Messene, ca. 35 BC, AR Hemidrachm 21 viewsDiademed head of Zeus right.
Tripod ME-Σ monogram, ΠΟ-ΛY-KΛ-HΣ (Polykles magistrate), within wreath.

HGC 5, 572; Grandjean 215a (D132/R182; this coin illustrated on pl. VIII); BCD Peloponnesos 753-755, SNG Copenhagen 507.

(15 mm, 2.31 g, 12h).
Classical Numismatic Group; from the BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); ex- Glendining, 21 June 1972, 211
1 commentsn.igma
Messenia, Messene, 2nd Century BC92 viewsAR Tetrobol (2.34g)
obv: Zeus Laureate right
Tripod in Wreath, ME monogram to left, S to right
BMC 13
ex BCD Collection
Messenia, Messene, ca. 146-90 BC, AR Hemidrachm6 viewsDiademed head of Zeus left.
Tripod between ME- Σ all within wreath.

HGC 5, 566; BCD Peloponnesos 728; Grandjean Series X, 98-121; SNG Copenhagen 505.
Intact hoard patina.

(15 mm, 2.23 g, 1h).
John Jencek; ex- BCD Collection (private sale); ex- Burgan 18, December 1984,18.
Messenia, Messene, ca. 40s-30s BC, ∆ Hemiobol or Hexachalkon 14 viewsHead of Demeter right wearing diadem.
Zeus Ithomatos standing right, hurling thunderbolt with right hand, eagle with spread wings perched on left wrist; ΔAMIΩN to left with wreath in outermost left field, ME above tripod in right field.

HGC 5, 580; BCD Peloponnesos 752 (this coin); Grandjean 556a (this coin illustrated); BMC 29; SNG Cop 512; Sear 2853.

(22 mm, 6.66 g, 6h).
Forestier & Lambert, December 2007; ex- BCD Collection: LHS Numismatics Auction 96, 8-9 May 2006, 752; ex- P. R. Franke collection.

The image of Zeus Ithomatas is a recurring theme on the civic coinage of Messene; a symbol of the Messenian belief that after four centuries of bondage to their Spartan neighbours that they had the support and assistance of the Zeus to maintain their independence and freedom.
Septimius Severus - AR denarius54 viewsRome
199 AD
laureate head right
Jupiter advancing right, aiming thunderbolt and raising hand
RIC IV 131, RSC III 243
3,24 g 18 mm
ex JiřŪ Militkż

This reverse is not so common for Septimius Severus.
2 commentsJohny SYSEL
Sparta11 viewsACHAIA, Achaian League. Lakedaimon (Sparta). Circa 85 BC. AR Hemidrachm (15mm, 2.32 g, 8h). Laureate head of Zeus right / Achaian League monogram; monogram above, piloi of the Dioskouroi flanking, ΠY below; all within laurel wreath. Benner 15; BCD Peloponnesos 865.1; HGC 5, 643. Good VF, tone, slightly off center. Good metal.

From the J. Cohen Collection.

A note from the previous collector:

This collection of Peloponnesian coins was born from my personal interest in ancient Greek history and inspired primarily by the BCD sales. The collection was formed as a study of the varying coinage types produced through the ruling cycles of the Peloponnese. Initial focus of the collection was on Sparta, the coinage produced under Roman rule and issues produced bearing the iconography of the Achaean League. Given the less than amicable relationship between the League and Sparta, this area proved highly interesting to collect. The initial phase of collecting Sparta/Lacedaemon pieces set the groundwork for the evolution of the collection.

The collection was then expanded to Sparta's immediate neighbor in Messene and then to the entire Peloponnese. As I moved through the wider Peloponnesian regions I aimed, where possible, to collect an example of Achaean League coinage of the respective City States, examples of the Greek Imperial coinage and finally, Roman Provincial coinage. The goal being to develop a snapshot of the evolution of coins issued within the Peloponnese. Collecting in this way allowed for a timeline of both political and artistic change throughout the Peloponnese to be mapped out. The uniform coinage, both in silver and bronze of the Achaean league can be compared against the unique iconography of the corresponding Imperial issues and the later, highly stylized Roman issues. From a historical perspective, the evolution and membership of the League as well as the wars within the region can also be viewed through the issuing of coinage.

Numismatically, the primary goals of this collection have been broadly achieved by focusing on the smaller issues of the City States within the Peloponnese, no large silver issues beyond the enigmatic Tetradrachms have representation within the collection. The product of my labors is what I believe to be a highly diverse, interesting and accessible group of coins which provides an insight into one of the most interesting periods and regions of the Ancient world.
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