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sfc-data-dificil-500-rs-1936-rgte-feijo-2-D_NQ_NP_1897-MLB4769578494_082013-F.jpg
9 viewsMOEDA - 500 Réis - 1938 - Regente Feijó
________________________________________
Série Ilustres
Excelente estado de conservaçăo


ANVERSO
O busto do Regente do Império Diogo António Feijó circundado pela inscriçăo REGENTE FEIJÓ. Em baixo, monograma do gravador Calmon Barreto.

REVERSO
No centro, uma coluna coríntia encimada pela inscriçăo circular BRASIL entre dois filetes. Ŕ esquerda do campo, o valor 500 e, ŕ direita, a palavra RÉIS em posiçăo horizontal. No exergo, a data e, ao lado direito, a sigla do gravador Walter Toledo.

PADRĂO MONETÁRIO
MIL-RÉIS (de 08/10/1833 a 31/10/1942)

PERÍODO POLÍTICO
República, Era Vargas (1930-1945)

ORIGEM
Casa da Moeda, Rio de Janeiro

CARACTERÍSTICAS
Material: bronze alumínio
Diâmetro: 22,5 mm
Peso: 5,00 g
Espessura: 1,80 mm
Bordo: serrilhado
Titulagem: Cu 910, Al 90
Eixo: reverso medalha (EV)
_____________________
Antonivs Protti
ABM_Postumus.jpg
81 viewsPostumus, Principal Mint, sestertius, 260

IMP C M CASS LAT POST[...],Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
SALVS AVG, Salus standing right, feeding snake held in arms
Weight 15.49g

A very rare early issue with Postumus' full name given on the obverse - normally this only occurs on radiate double-sestertii. This is struck from the same obverse die as a gold medallion in Paris with a SALVS PROVINCIARVM reverse.
Adrianus
Großbritannien_Medaille_1934_Daily_Record_Medal_Dampfer_Schiff.jpg
8 viewsGroßbritannien

Medaille 1934 (Aluminium)

Daily Record Medal, 26.9.1934

Gewicht: 4,0g

Durchmesser: 31mm

Erhaltung: zaponiert, gelocht, sehr schön _199
Antonivs Protti
Marcus_Aurelius_denarius.jpg
48 viewsMarcus Aurelius. Silver Denarius (3.62 g), as Caesar, AD 138-161. Rome, under Antoninus Pius, AD 148/9. AVRELIVS CA-ESAR AVG PII F, bare head of Marcus Aurelius right. Reverse: TR POT III COS II, Minerva standing right, holding inverted spear and grounded shield. RIC 444; BMC 683; RSC 618. Ex: Seaby Coin and Medal Bulletin, October 1975, lot A-805.1 commentspaul1888
100_1889_crop.JPG
184 viewsHere is an example of a cabinet showing three different available styles of trays for storage. At the top is a standard round recess type tray....very traditional.

In the middle is an open format tray for displaying items "free form", or for items of unusual sizes/shapes such as large medals, military decorations or pocket watches.

On the bottom is a new offering; a drawer for slabs. Each drawer can hold 30 slabs from any of the three major slabbing firms; PCGS, NCG, or ANACS. Other commercial, or "DIY" slabs should also fit, provided they are no larger than any from the "big three" firms.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
combined.jpg
69 viewsAn 8 tray cabinet with 15 inch wide trays capable of holding items up to 1/2" thick. Built for a collector to house a collection of medals, he also requested brass carrying handles.


CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
100_2605.JPG
70 viewsA 15 tray cabinet with extra wide (15") trays lined with red felt. Each tray can hold an item up to 1/2 inch thick...perfect for medals or other over-sized items.

CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
38220.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria. Domitian. A.D. 81-96. AE drachm.41 views
Egypt, Alexandria. Domitian. A.D. 81-96. AE drachm (34.7 mm, 23.61 g, 11 h). Alexandria mint, Struck A.D. 95/6. [AVT KAIC ΘЄ] OVIOC ΔOMIT [CЄB ΓЄPM], laureate head of Domitian right / Frontal elevation of triumphal arch; L - IE ( yr. 15 = A.D. 95/6 ). Emmett 257.15. Near VF / VF, very dark green smooth patina. Scarce (Emmett "frequency" 2).
From the D. Thomas Collection; Wz Group CEM; Ex Walter Niggeler Collection; Ex Bank Leu/Munzen und Medallien.
3 commentsAncient Aussie
00084x00.jpg
51 viewsUNITED STATES, Political campaign tokens. William Henry Harrison. President, March 4-April 4 1841.
Ć Political Medallet (23mm, 4.22 g, 12 h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dually dated 9 February 1773 and 1841
MAJ. GEN. W. H. HARRISON/ * BORN FEB. 9. 1773*
Bust of William Henry Harrison left in military uniform
STEAM BOAT VAN BUREN/ FOR SALT RIVER DIRECT.
Early steamboat sailing right with banner inscribed 1841; LOCO-FOCO/ LINE below. '
With attached contemporary ribbon.
Rulau HT 817; Low -
Ardatirion
00001x00~9.jpg
44 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Belleville, New Jersey. John Gibbs, manufacturer
CU Token. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dies by John Gibbs. Struck circa 1838.
* AGRICULTURE AND COMMERCE, ship under sail right
J GIBBS MANUFACTURER/ [OF]/ MEDALS/ AND/ TOKENS/ &C/ NJ/ * BELLEVILLE
Rulau HT 202; Low 150

Ex Robert Williams Collection (Steve Hayden, 11 December 2016), lot 363; Steve Hayden (2 December 2012), lot 585
Ardatirion
Byzag.jpg
003 - John I Tzimisces (969-976 AD), Millaresion - Sear 179241 viewsObv: +IhSyS XRISTyS NICA*, Cross crosslet on globus above two steps. at centre, circular medallion containing facing bust of John with short beard, wearing crown and loros and dividing the inscription I/W - A/N. Triple border ornamented with eight equally spaced glbules.
Rev: IWANN / EN XW AVTO / CRAT´EVESb´/ bASILEVS / RWMAIW´in five lines, -:- above and beneath, triple bordet as on obv.
1 commentspierre_p77
NeroDECVRSIOSestertiusRome.JPG
005. Nero 54-68AD. AE Sestertius, Rome mint, 63AD. DECVRSIO. 38.6mm200 viewsObv. Laureate ead right, wearing aegis NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P
Rev. Nero on horseback prancing right, wearing cuirass, short tunic, and billowing cloak, spear in right hand, to right soldier moving right. carrying vexillum; to leftin shallow relief, soldier running right DECVRSIO in ex
BMCRE 155; Cohen 94, RIC I 176 var (obv legend)
38.6mm, 180o, 63 A.D. Rome mint.
This sestertius was an early emission from the Rome Mint, which resumed striking bronze after about 10 years of inactivity. The talented engraver, perhaps with extra time for this initial project, produced one of the best dies in the entire imperial bronze series. The special style, complemented by superior execution, has similarities to later medallions.


The fine expressive portrait has higher relief than the more common Lugdunum issues.
The reverse uses the roundness of the flan and three geometric planes of relief to both present the scene in a format that draws the eye to the emperor and show movement that is lacking on almost all other Roman coins. The rare use of geometric planes was repeated on ADLOCVTIO sestertii of Galba five years later, perhaps the work of the same artist. Rome sestertii after 70 A.D. are of far less impressive style.


The lack of SC leaves the reverse fields uncluttered. SC stood for Senatus Consultum, "By Decree of the Senate" and signified the role of the Senate in the minting of brass and bronze coinage. Many sestertii of Caligula and some brass and bronze of Nero lack SC. Subsequent issues include SC again, until inflation produced the demise of the sestertius under Gallienus, c. 265 AD
5 commentsLordBest
Marc-Aurelius_AE-Kontorniat-medallion_X_Pax_RIC-_Rome-AD_Q-001_axis-11h_28mm_20,45g-1-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III ???, AE- Medallion ??? , Rome, Pax?,108 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), AE- Medallion ??? , Rome, Pax?
avers:- Laurate head right.
revers:- Pax (??) standing left, holding branch and cornucopiae, Or Annona ???.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 28mm, weight: 20,45g, axis: 11 h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-????, C-????, Sear-?????,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_064nw_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -45 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– VICT AVG TR P II COS II P P, Victory walking right, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in Rome. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC 690b (citing Gnecchi Coll., Rome)

Additional information courtesy of Curtis Clay:-
"I know a couple of other specimens too, BM probably has one from me and I may have another in my new collection.

Still very rare and interesting, IMP II generally rare on Rome-mint denarii, a muled obv.-rev. combination because COS II means after 1 Jan. 194, but the medallions prove that Septimius' IMP III must have already been known in Rome by about 25 Dec. 193."
1 commentsmaridvnvm
coin sizes.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN coin sizes143 viewsThis picture can be seen the relationship of different denomination. Unfortunately the AV aureus, AV quinar and the medallion sizes are missing...2 commentsberserker
100v.jpg
100 years anniversary medal54 viewsFNA's 100 year anniversary medal.
60 / 70 mm
By Erkki Kannosto
Pekka K
coin194.JPG
106a. Crispina48 viewsCrispina married the sixteen year-old, Commodus in the summer of 178 and brought him, as a dowry, a large number of estates. These, when added to the Imperial holdings, gave him control of a substantial part of Lucanian territory. The actual ceremony was modest but was commemorated on coinage and largesse was distributed to the people. An epithalamium for the occasion was composed by the sophist Julius Pollux.

Upon her marriage, Crispina received the title of Augusta, and thus, became Empress of the Roman Empire as her husband was co-emperor with her father-in-law at the time. The previous empress and her mother-in-law, Faustina the Younger, having died three years prior to her arrival.

Like most marriages of young members of the nobiles, it was arranged by paters: in Crispina's case by her father and her father-in-law, Emperor Marcus Aurelius. Crispina probably meant little to her egocentric husband though she was a beautiful woman. The other possible reason being that Commodus was known to prefer the company of men. Crispina is described as being a graceful person with a susceptible heart, but there is no medal extant of her.

As Augusta, Crispina was extensively honoured with public images, during the last two years of her father-in-law's reign and the initial years of her husband's reign. She did not seem to have any significant political influence over her husband during his bizarre reign. However, she was not exempted from court politics either as her sister-in-law, Lucilla, was an ambitious woman and was reportedly jealous of Crispina, the reigning empress, due to her position and power.

Crispina's marriage failed to produce an heir due to her husband's inability, which led to a dynastic succession crisis. In fact, both Anistius Burrus (with whom Commodus had share his first consulate as sole ruler) and Gaius Arrius Antoninus, who were probably related to the imperial family, were allegedly put to death 'on the suspicion of pretending to the throne'.

After ten years of marriage, Crispina was falsely charged with adultery by her husband and was banished to the island of Capri in 188, where she was later executed. After her banishment, Commodus did not marry again but took on a mistress, a woman named Marcia, who was later said to have conspired in his murder.

Crispina, wife of Commodus, 177-192, AE Dupondius or As (24x25mm), aVF. Sear RCV 6018. Obv. CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right. Rev. IVNO LVCINA S C, Juno standing left holding patera and scepter. The coin is brown and green, on a squarish flan.
ecoli
rjb_cast4_07_05.jpg
11100 viewsConstantius I
305-306
AV 42 mm
Trier Mint
The "Arras Medallion"
mauseus
RI 132kp img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 435 var (Ticinum) (QXXT) 86 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left in elaborate cuirass decorated with Medusa medallion & holding Vitoriola (Victory on globe, facing left, holding wreath) in right hand, palm up
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Soldier standing left, holding Victory and spear and leaning on shield
Minted in Ticinum(QXXT) Emission 2 Officina 4. A.D. 276
Reference:– Cohen unlisted. RIC 435 var. (This bust type not listed in RIC or Cohen)
Die match is illustrated in Bastien's Buste Monetaire... pl. 126 number 11
2 commentsmaridvnvm
rjb_2016_03_02.jpg
16111 viewsMarcus Aurelius
AE medallion
Rome mint
Obv: M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG GERM SARM TRP XXXII
Laureate, draped bust right
Rev: IMP VIIII COS III PP
Emperor standing right, turning left and crowning a trophy of arm with two captives below
Gnecchi II, pl 59, 6 (obv), Gnecchi II, pl 60, 9 (rev)
mauseus
LouisXIVVuedeLouvreWarin.JPG
1667.Louis XIV. Vue de Louvre 487 viewsObv. Draped and cuirassed bust right LVDOVICO XIV REGNANTE ET AEDIFICANTE.
Rev. Eastern wing of the Louvre MAIESTATI AC AETERNIT GALL IMPERII SACRVM

AR Medal, 34mm. 13.11g.

Unlike Maugers medallic series in which medals were, for the most part, struck long after the events they commemorated, this medal comes from the 'series' of medals struck by the celebrated engraver and artist Jean Warin in 1667.
LordBest
Louis XIV 1672 Prise de douze villes en Hollande.JPG
1672, Prise de douze villes en Hollande781 viewsObv. Draped and cuirassed bust right LVD MAG FRA ET NAV REX PP, CHERON on bust truncation.
Rev. The King in the guise of Sol, radiating light, seated right in a heavenly chariot pulled by three horses, surrounded by clouds. Around are aerlia views of twelve towns and forts captured in Holland SOLIS QVE LABORES on scroll above central design, the names of all twelve towns/forts around.

AE63. Engraved by Charles Jean Francois Cheron. ORIGINAL STRIKE, very rare.

Charles Jean Francois Cheron (1635-1698), one of the most distinguished artists of the school of Jean Warin, was born at Nancy and was trained by his father, Jean-Charles Cheron, engraver to Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine. Cheron went to Rome and became engraver of medals for Clement IX and Innocent X. Cheron's style in his Roman medals is of remarkable boldness, and his medals of Pope Clement IX and of Bernini are grandiloquent and among the finest Italian medals of the period. He returned to France in 1675 and was employed by Louis XIV at the Medal Mint at Paris for about twelve years, where he contributed several medals to the medallic series of the monarch, the Histoire Metallique. His medals are considered to be in an international baroque style.
11 commentsLordBest
CHARLES_II_AR_Farthing_Pattern_1676.JPG
1676 Charles II AR "Pattern Farthing"40 viewsObverse: CAROLVS•A•CAROLO•. Laureate and cuirassed bust of Charles II with long hair facing left, 1676 below.
Reverse: QVATVOR•MARIA VINDICO•. Britannia seated facing left, holding laurel branch and spear; BRITANNIA in exergue. No pellet between MARIA and VINDICO.
Diameter: 26mm | Weight: 5.9gms | Die Axis: 12h
Peck : 492
PATTERN OR MEDALET - RARE

This periwigged portrait of Charles II was designed by Jan (John) Roettier (1631 - 1700).
The legend, "Quatuor Maria Vindico," means "I claim the four seas," which Peck explains was "intended to give prominence to the king's pride and interest in the navy." The reason this legend never appeared on circulating coinage was probably because the legend was thought to be too provocative to the King of France.

It was Montagu who called this a Roettier pattern farthing of Charles II which, until the discovery in 1903 of 89 specimens in the cabinet of the Marquis of Ailsbury, had hitherto been considered the rarest of the “pattern farthings” of this type.
Peck, however, rejected Montagu's idea that these were patterns and wrote that it was much more likely that they were official medalets. In support of this view it should be noted that not only was this issue struck on a broader flan than usual, it was produced some four years after the issue of regular farthings had begun. It is perhaps also significant that this issue is unknown in copper and that it's die orientation is 12h (medallic orientation), against the 6h orientation which is the norm for the regular farthing coinage of the period. Incidentally, the silver value of this "farthing" would have been equivalent to one shilling and sixpence, that is 72 times the face value of a farthing at the time.
3 comments*Alex
StUrbainCharlesVLorraineMarriage.JPG
1678. Charles V, Duke of Lorraine, marriage to Eleanora Maria of Austria. 42 viewsObv. Head of Charles V right CAROLVS V D G DVX LOT MAR D C B G
Rev. Head of Eleanora Maria left ELEAN MAR AVSTRIACA REGINA POL DVCISSA LOT C B G
WM 50mm
LordBest
1697_WILLIAM_III_FARTHING.JPG
1697 WILLIAM III AE FARTHING9 viewsObverse: GVLIELMVS•TERTIVS•. Laureate and cuirassed bust of William III facing right.
Reverse: BRITANNIA•. Britannia facing left, seated on shield and holding spear and olive-branch. In exergue, 1697.
Diameter: 23mm | Weight: 4.6gms | Die Axis: 6h
SPINK: 3557

This portrait of William III was designed under John (Jan) Roettier (1631-c.1700) and his sons, Norbert and James. The Roettiers were medallists from a family whose members had distinguished themselves in the art for nearly two centuries. John was born in Antwerp, the eldest son, he learned the art of medal engraving and stone cutting from his father, Philip Roettiers who was a medallist and goldsmith. At an early age John was an assistant at the Antwerp Mint, but left in 1661 to go to London at the invitation of Charles II. In 1670 he became Chief engraver at the royal Mint, London, and remained at that post until 1698. Norbert Roettiers (1665-1727) was the third son of John Roettiers, with whom he apprenticed. In 1690 he was appointed Assistant Engraver at the Royal Mint, together with his brother James. James, however, was removed from his office at the mint in consequence of the theft of dies from the Tower of London and he died in 1698 after falling from his horse.
*Alex
1699_WILLIAM_III_FARTHING~0.JPG
1699 WILLIAM III AE FARTHING11 viewsObverse: GVLIELMVS•TERTIVS•. Laureate and cuirassed bust of William III facing right.
Reverse: BRITANNIA•1699. Britannia facing left, seated on shield and holding spear and olive-branch.
Diameter: 23mm | Weight: 4.3gms | Die Axis: 6h
SPINK: 3558

This portrait of William III was designed under John (Jan) Roettier (1631-c.1700) and his sons, Norbert and James. The Roettiers were medallists from a family whose members had distinguished themselves in the art for nearly two centuries. John was born in Antwerp, the eldest son, he learned the art of medal engraving and stone cutting from his father, Philip Roettiers who was a medallist and goldsmith. At an early age John was an assistant at the Antwerp Mint, but left in 1661 to go to London at the invitation of Charles II. In 1670 he became Chief engraver at the royal Mint, London, and remained at that post until 1698. Norbert Roettiers (1665-1727) was the third son of John Roettiers, with whom he apprenticed. In 1690 he was appointed Assistant Engraver at the Royal Mint, together with his brother James. James, however, was removed from his office at the mint in consequence of the theft of dies from the Tower of London and he died in 1698 after falling from his horse.
*Alex
StUrbainLeopoldILorraineBridge.JPG
1727. Leopold I: Reconstruction Of The Bridge In The Forest Of Haye. 71 viewsObv: Leopold to right, in peruke, wearing armor and the Order of the Golden Fleece LEOPOLDVS. I. D.G. DVX. LOT. BAR. REX. IER
Rev: A traveling horseman going over bridge toward Abundance in countryside. In background landscape a herm of Mercury PROVIDENTIA. PRINCIPIS
Exergue: VIAE. MVNITAE MDCCXXVII Signed: SV.
AE64mm. Ref: Forrer V, p. 309, #6; Slg. Florange 171; Molinari 40/120; Europese Penningen # 1739

Leopold Joseph Charles (Leopold I) (1679-1729), Duke of Lorraine and Bar (1697), was the son of Charles V, Duke of Lorraine and Bar. This medal commemorates further the many reconstruction projects that Leopold I, Duke of Lorraine and Bar, fostered during his reign, in this case, the reconstruction of the bridge in the forest of Haye. The reverse alludes to the fact that the bridge increased commerce (Mercury) in Lorraine and led to more abundance for its inhabitants.
A herm, referred to in this medal, is a statue consisting of the head of the Greek god Hermes mounded on a square stone post. Hermes is the god of commerce, invention, cunning and theft, who also serves as messenger and herald for the other gods.
LordBest
LouisXVIMarieAntoinette18781.JPG
1781. Louis XVI & Marie Antoinette, Congratulations of the Merchants of Paris on the Birth of the Dauphin.146 viewsObv: Busts of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette vis a vis. LVD XVI FR ET NAV REX MAR ANT AVSTR REG
Rev: Six Corps of Merchants led by the Governor of Paris the Duke de Cosse ASSERENDI NOVA SPES COMERCII / REGI DE ORTU SS DELHINI SEX MERCATOR PARIS ORDINES GRATULANTOR AUSP DUCIS DE COSSE URBIS CUB DIE IV NOV MDCCLXXXI
AE60. Engraved by Duvivier.

This medal commemorates the birth of Louis-Joseph Xavier Francois, Dauphin of France from 1781 to his death in 1789. The reverse expresses the hopes of the merchants of Paris of continuing prosperity under a stable monarchy.
LordBest
LouisXVIAbolitionOfPrivilege1789.JPG
1789. Louis XVI Medal. French Revolution, Abolition of Privilege.148 viewsObv. Draped bust right LOUIS XVI RESTAURATEUR DE LA LIBERTE FRANCAIS
Rev. National Assembly scene amidst Neoclassical surrounds ABANDON DE TOUS LES PRIVILEGES A LA PATRIE on central ballot box ASSEMBLEE NATIONALE IV AOUT MDCLXXXIX

This medal commemorates the abolition of aristocratic privilege by the National Assembly of France.
LordBest
LouisXVIArrivalInParis1789.JPG
1789. Louis XVI Medal. French Revolution, The Arrival of the King in Paris.124 viewsObv. Draped bust right. LOUIS XVI ROI DES FRANCAIS VILLE DE PARIS
Rev. The King, Queen and Dauphin being welcomed by the personification of Paris, building and crowds in background JY FERAI DESORMAIS MA DEMESRE HABITUELLE ARIVEE DU ROI A PARIS LA 6 OCT 1789

Commemorates the arrival in Paris of the King.
1 commentsLordBest
LouisXVIMayorOfParis1789.JPG
1789. Louis XVI Medal. French Revolution, The First Mayor of Paris.116 viewsObv. Draped bust right LOUIS XVI ROI DES FRANCAIS
Rev. Personification of Paris facing holding rudder and sceptre surmounted by liberty cap, leaning on colum decorated with fasces, ships prow to left, various emblems of trade and wealth on right ESTABLISSEMENT DE LA MAIRIE DE PARIS J SILVAIN BAILLY PREMIER MAIRE ELU L 15 JULLIET 1789

Commemorates the cration of Jean Silvain Bailly as the first mayor of Paris. Bailly was later guillotined during The Terror.
LordBest
Banda_Quran_Manuscript_A001.JPG
1790 Large Gold Banda Koran Leaf Blue Border Medallion 23 viewsA magnificent leaf from a Koran fragment, probably Banda, before AH 1208/1790-1 AD, on paper (387 x 230 mm.). There are eleven lines of strong black natkh script within gold clouds, gold roundels between verses, illuminated marginal medallions, marking every tenth verse, red Persian interlinear translation, sura headings in red, margins with Tafsir written in black and red, final folio with commentary dated 1205.. Verso: eleven lines of strong black natkh script within gold clouds, gold roundels between verses, illuminated marginal medallions, marking every tenth verse, red Persian interlinear translation, sura headings in red, margins with Tafsir written in black and red. The opening flyleaf is inscribed with a note reading: this copy of the Koran, formally the property of the Bahadoor, Nawab of Banda was delivered after the great victory obtained over Rebels and Mutineers by Major General Whitlocks Troops on the 19th of April 1858 to the Reverend A Kinloch, the Chaplain of the Horse and present to him as a slight token of affectionate remembrance to the Reverend George Gleed the Vicar of Chalfont St. Peters, Bucks Branda Palace. April 29th 1858. A further note on the final flyleaf reads: This Copy of the Koran was taken from the apartments of Ali Bahadoor, Nawab of Banda after the occupation of his City and Palace by the Madras Column under Major General Whitlock.SpongeBob
1793_Leek_Halfpenny.JPG
1793 AE Halfpenny Token. Leek, Staffordshire.21 viewsObverse: ARTE FAVENTE NIL DESPERANDUM. Two clasped hands with olive branch behind and rosette below.
Reverse: LEEK COMMERCIAL HALFPENNY • 1793. Caduceus leaning against a large wool bale and a tea chest.
Edge: “PAYABLE AT LEEK • STAFFORDSHIRE + +".
Diameter: 29mm | Axis: 12
Dalton & Hamer: 11

This token was probably issued by Messrs Ford and Phillips, about whom little is known, it was manufactured by Peter Kempson and the dies were engraved by Allan Wyon. Allan Wyon was a member of the “Wyon” family of medallists and die engravers, and was the youngest of three brothers to succeed their father as chief engraver of the seals.
*Alex
JOHN_OF_GAUNT_1794-circa__LANCASTER_HALFPENNY.JPG
1794 (?) Undated AE Halfpenny. Lancaster, Lancashire.41 viewsObverse: IOHN OF GAUNT DUKE OF LANCASTER ★. Bust of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, facing left.
Reverse: SUCCESS TO THE COMMERCE OF BRITAIN. Britannia standing on the shore facing left, holding a spray of leaves in her outstretched right hand, and a shield and spear in her left; three ships at sea to the left in front of her and another vessel in the distance behind her; two men ploughing the ground behind her to the right. Below, in exergue, lion facing right and sprig of three leaves.
Edge: Plain.
Diameter: 29mm
Dalton & Hamer: 54
RARE

This token was probably manufactured by Peter Kempson in Birmingham, the dies were engraved by J.G.Hancock.
In the 18th century, token manufacturers often used their dies to their own advantage by striking “mules”, solely with the object of creating rare varieties which were sold to the collectors of the day.
The Britannia design has been copied from a silver medal commemorating the Treaty of Utrecht by John Croker which was originally struck under Queen Anne in 1713

JOHN OF GAUNT
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, was a member of the House of Plantagenet, he was the third surviving son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. He was called "John of Gaunt" because he was born in Ghent, then anglicised as Gaunt.
John of Gaunt's legitimate male heirs, the Lancasters, included Kings Henry IV, Henry V, and Henry VI. John fathered five children outside marriage, one early in life by a lady-in-waiting to his mother, and four surnamed "Beaufort" (after a former French possession) by Katherine Swynford, Gaunt's long-term mistress and third wife. The Beaufort children, three sons and a daughter, were legitimised by royal and papal decrees after John and Katherine married in 1396; a later proviso that they were specifically barred from inheriting the throne was inserted with dubious authority by their half-brother Henry IV. The three succeeding houses of English sovereigns from 1399, the Houses of Lancaster, York and Tudor, were descended from John through Henry Bolingbroke, Joan Beaufort and John Beaufort, respectively.
John of Gaunt's eldest son and heir, Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford, was exiled for ten years by King Richard II in 1398. When John of Gaunt died at the age of 58 on 3rd February, 1399, his estates and titles were declared forfeit to the crown because King Richard II named Henry Bolingbroke a traitor and sentenced him to exile for life, but Henry returned from exile to reclaim his inheritance and depose Richard. Henry Bolingbroke then reigned as King Henry IV of England from 1399 to 1413, the first of the descendants of John of Gaunt to hold the throne of England.
John of Gaunt, due to his land grants, was one of the wealthiest men to have ever lived, his estates are estimated to have been worth a modern equivalent of $110 billion.
*Alex
1794_Spalding_Halfpenny_.JPG
1794 AE Halfpenny Token. Spalding, Lincolnshire.47 viewsObverse: SUCCESS TO THE COMMERCE OF BRITAIN. Britannia standing on the shore facing left, holding a spray of leaves in her outstretched right hand, and a shield and spear in her left; three ships at sea to the left in front of her and another vessel in the distance behind her; two men ploughing the ground behind her to the right. Below, in exergue, lion facing right and sprig of three leaves.
Reverse: SPALDING HALFPENNY. A shield edged with sprays containing the initials TJ (for Thomas Jennings) in the form of a cypher; above shield, a couped lion rampant crest; below shield, 1794.
Edge: PAYABLE AT T. JENNING'S SPALDING & HOLBEACH - X -.
Diameter: 29mm
Dalton & Hamer: 6
RARE

This token was manufactured by Peter Kempson in Birmingham and the dies were engraved by J.G.Hancock or Thomas Wyon.
The Britannia design has been copied from a silver medal commemorating the Treaty of Utrecht by John Croker which was originally struck under Queen Anne in 1713.
*Alex
George_3_Cartwheel_Penny_1797.JPG
1797 GEORGE III AE "CARTWHEEL" PENNY10 viewsObverse: GEORGIUS III • D : G • REX. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of George III facing right.
Reverse: BRITANNIA 1797. Britannia seated facing left, holding olive branch and trident. Small ship in left background; mint-mark SOHO below shield.
Diameter: 36mm
SPINK: 3777

This portrait of George III was designed by Conrad Heinrich Kuchler (c.1740 - 1810), this is marked by a small "K." in the drapery at the base of the King's bust. Kuchler moved to Birmingham in 1795 and designed many of the coins and medals which were struck at Matthew Boulton's SOHO mint.

This was the year that the first copper penny was struck, it was also the first time that the figure of Britannia was portrayed seated amid the waves and holding a trident instead of a spear. The coin was struck by Matthew Boulton at the Soho Mint, Birmingham but, weighing a full one ounce (28.3g) and with a diameter of 36mm, it was rather heavy for the pocket and was soon discontinued. Many have survived though, battered and worn, having been used as weights for kitchen scales.
*Alex
George_3_Twopence_1797.JPG
1797 GEORGE III AE "CARTWHEEL" TWOPENCE10 viewsObverse: GEORGIUS III • D : G • REX. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of George III facing right.
Reverse: BRITANNIA. 1797. Britannia seated facing left, holding olive branch and trident. Small ship in left background; mint-mark SOHO below shield.
Diameter: 41mm. Weight: 56.7gms.
SPINK: 3776

This portrait of George III was designed by Conrad Heinrich Kuchler (c.1740 - 1810), this is marked by a small "K." in the drapery at the base of the King's bust. Kuchler moved to Birmingham in 1795 and designed many of the coins and medals which were struck at Matthew Boulton's SOHO mint.

The figure of Britannia was portrayed seated amid the waves and holding a trident instead of a spear for the first time on the Cartwheel twopences and pennies of this year. This mighty coin was struck in Birmingham by Matthew Boulton at his Soho Mint, but, since it weighed a full two ounces (56.7gms) and measured 5mm thick with a diameter of 41mm, it was a bit heavy for the pocket and was soon discontinued. Many have survived though, battered and worn, having been used as weights for kitchen scales. Some of these twopence coins, because they were so big, were even turned into patch boxes.
*Alex
1799_George_3_farthing.JPG
1799 GEORGE III AE FARTHING6 viewsObverse: GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX 1799. Laureate and draped bust of George III facing right.
Reverse: BRITANNIA. 1 . FARTHING, small tudor rose and thistle at either side, in exergue. Britannia seated facing left, holding olive branch and trident, small ship in left background; mint-mark SOHO below shield.
Diameter: 24mm
SPINK: 3779

This portrait of George III was designed by Conrad Heinrich Kuchler (c.1740 - 1810). Kuchler moved to Birmingham in 1795 and designed many of the coins and medals which were struck at Matthew Boulton's SOHO mint.
*Alex
George_III_HALFPENNY_1799.JPG
1799 GEORGE III AE HALFPENNY6 viewsObverse: GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX. Laureate and draped bust of George III facing right.
Reverse: BRITANNIA 1799. Britannia seated facing left, holding olive branch and trident, small ship in left background; mint-mark SOHO below shield.
Edge: Centre grained.
Diameter: 30mm.
SPINK: 3778

This portrait of George III was designed by Conrad Heinrich Kuchler (c.1740 - 1810). Kuchler moved to Birmingham in 1795 and designed many of the coins and medals which were struck at Matthew Boulton's SOHO mint.
*Alex
George_III_Bank_of_England_Dollar_1804.JPG
1804 GEORGE III AR BANK OF ENGLAND DOLLAR 47 viewsObverse: GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX. Laureate and draped bust of George III facing right.
Reverse: BANK OF ENGLAND 1804. Britannia, seated left, holding a branch and spear, her left arm resting on a shield which in turn rests on a cornucopia, a beehive is in the background to the left; all within a garter inscribed FIVE SHILLINGS DOLLAR. The garter is surmounted by a castellated "crown" of five circular stone turrets.
On this coin there are enough traces of the host coin discernible on the reverse, near the edge between 'BANK' and 'OF', and on the obverse below the bust to make an accurate identification of the undertype possible. It was overstruck on a Spanish Colonial 8 Reales minted at Potosi in Bolivia which bore the date 1806.
Spink 3768; Obverse die A, Reverse die 2
Diameter: 41mm | Weight: 26.7gms | Die Axis: 11
SPINK: 3768

This portrait of George III was designed by Conrad Heinrich Kuchler (c.1740 - 1810), this is marked by C. H. K. in raised letters on the truncation at the king's shoulder. The reverse, which was also designed by Kuchler has the raised initial K in the triangular space between the shield, cornucopia, and Britannia's dress. Kuchler moved to Birmingham in 1795 and designed many of the coins and medals which were struck at Matthew Boulton's SOHO mint.

Note on George III Bank of England Silver Dollars
Although George III reigned for sixty years from 1760 to 1820, the only crowns issued were in the last three years of his reign, apart from these Bank of England dollars issued as an emergency measure.
There had been a persistent shortage of silver coins throughout most of George's reign, and the Bank of England attempted to alleviate this by counter-marking Spanish colonial 8-Reale pieces (the “pieces of eight” of pirate legend) with a punch bearing the head of George III. When this counter-mark was enthusiastically counterfeited, the bank resorted to counter-stamping the entire coin. Most survivors were struck on Mexican or Peruvian 8-Reale pieces, though a few have been found to be struck on issues from Spain proper. Although these Bank of England dollars are all dated 1804, they were issued every year until 1811, and occasionally the dates of Spanish 8 Reales minted after 1804 can be discerned on them. In 1811, to take account of the increase in the value of silver, the Bank of England dollar coins were revalued at 5s6d and they stayed at this value until they were withdrawn from circulation in 1817, by which time a massive silver re-coinage was being undertaken.
2 comments*Alex
George_III_farthing_1806.JPG
1806 GEORGE III AE Farthing6 viewsObverse: GEORGIUS III • D : G • REX. 1806. Laureate bust of George III facing right.
Reverse: BRITANNIA. Britannia seated facing left, holding olive branch and trident. Small ship in background to left; mint-mark SOHO below shield.
Diameter: 22mm | Weight: 4.6gms
SPINK: 3482

The portrait of George III was designed by Conrad Heinrich Kuchler (c.1740 - 1810), this is marked by a small "K" in the drapery at the base of the King's bust. The reverse of this coin was also designed by Kuchler, this is indicated by a small "K" to the bottom left of Britannia's shield. Kuchler moved to Birmingham in 1795 and designed many of the coins and medals which were struck at Matthew Boulton's SOHO mint.
*Alex
George-3_halfpenny_1806.JPG
1806 GEORGE III AE Halfpenny6 viewsObverse: GEORGIUS III • D : G • REX. 1806. Laureate bust of George III facing right.
Reverse: BRITANNIA. Britannia seated facing left, holding olive branch and trident. Small ship in background to left; mint-mark SOHO below shield.
Diameter: 28m | Weight: 9.6gms
SPINK: 3781

The portrait of George III was designed by Conrad Heinrich Kuchler (c.1740 - 1810), this is marked by a small "K" in the drapery at the base of the King's bust. The reverse of this coin was also designed by Kuchler, this is indicated by a small "K" to the bottom left of Britannia's shield. Kuchler moved to Birmingham in 1795 and designed many of the coins and medals which were struck at Matthew Boulton's SOHO mint.
*Alex
George_3_Penny_1806.JPG
1806 GEORGE III AE Penny10 viewsObverse: GEORGIUS III • D : G • REX. 1806. Laureate bust of George III facing right.
Reverse: BRITANNIA. Britannia seated facing left, holding olive branch and trident. Small ship in background to left; mint-mark SOHO below shield.
Diameter: 34mm | Weight: 19.2gms
SPINK: 3780

The portrait of George III was designed by Conrad Heinrich Kuchler (c.1740 - 1810), this is marked by a small "K" in the drapery at the base of the King's bust. The reverse of this coin was also designed by Kuchler, this is indicated by a small "K" to the bottom left of Britannia's shield. Kuchler moved to Birmingham in 1795 and designed many of the coins and medals which were struck at Matthew Boulton's SOHO mint.
*Alex
960-1810.jpg
1810 - 960 reis R18 views KM# 307
Features
Country Brazil
Years 1810-1818
Value 960 Réis (960)
Metal Silver (.896)
Weight 26.89 g
Diameter 40.6 mm
Thickness 2.2 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
xokleng
1813_SHEFFIELD_PENNY_TOKEN_.JPG
1813 AE Penny, Sheffield, Yorkshire.28 viewsObverse: PAYABLE AT S. HOBSON & SON's, BUTTON MANUFACTURERS, incuse letters on a raised rim. Arms consisting of eight arrows arranged saltirewise, bound together with a ribbon; pheon on either side; above, a facing winged cherubim; below, SHEFFIELD.
Reverse: ONE PENNY TOKEN 1813 incuse letters on a raised rim. Britannia seated facing left on shield, holding olive branch and trident, small ship in left background; small “H” (for Halliday) below shield.
Edge: Centre-grained.
Diameter 34mm
Davis:138

The dies for this token were engraved by Thomas Halliday (c.1780-1854). Active in the early 19th century, Halliday originally worked as an engraver at Matthew Boulton's Soho Mint in Handsworth and set up on his own as a medallist and token-producer from 1801. Established in Newhall Street, Birmingham about 1810, he engraved dies for the trade, or engraved and manufactured tokens and medals at his own works for all traders who wished to issue them.

This token was issued by Hobson & Son who were button manufacturers with a business in Sheffield.
*Alex
LouisXVIII1815.JPG
1815. Louis XVIII. The Holy Alliance.98 viewsObv. Bust left LVDOVICVS XVIII FRANC ET NAV REX, ANDRIEU F on truncation.
Rev. REGNIS EVROPAE CONCORDIA STABILIENDIS, on shield at centre GALLIA AVSTRIA BORVSS (Prussia) ANGLIA RVSSIA, SACRO FOEDERE IVNCTAE, in exergue ACCESSIT GALLIA NOVEMB MDCCCXV, signed F GATTEAUX Allegorical figures of France and ? facing in each in front of shield and a group of standards bearing the arms of the Great Powers involved in the Napoleonic Wars (Britains, interestingly enough, is at the back, half covered) with a unicorn behind the right figure.
AE50.

This is a confusing medal. It depicts the nations of Austria, Great Britain, France, Prussia and Russia as part of the Holy Alliance. Yet many historical sources say Great Britain never joined due to distaste and constitutional incompatibility with the others reactionary policies. But other sources say Britain did join at the same time as France (November 20, 1815). Who is right? If Britain did not join why are they on the medal, but if they did why is there so much written to the contrary?
LordBest
960-1816.jpg
1816 - 960 reis R24 views KM# 307
Features
Country Brazil
Years 1810-1818
Value 960 Réis (960)
Metal Silver (.896)
Weight 26.89 g
Diameter 40.6 mm
Thickness 2.2 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
xokleng
20_-1820.jpg
1820 - xx reis R26 views KM# 316
Features
Country Brazil
Years 1818-1822
Value 20 Réis (20)
Metal Copper
Diameter 30 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
xokleng
LouisXVIII1822VenusdeMilo.JPG
1822. Louis XVIII. Discovery and presentatoin of Venus de Milo.140 viewsObv. Head of Louis XVIII to right LVDOVICVS XVIII FRANC ET NAV REX
Rev. Venus de Milo standing in front of Egyptian antiquities COLLECTIS EX AEGYPTO GREACIAQ MONVMENTIS / SVMTV REGIO BONARVM ARTVIM VTILITATI MDCCCXXII
AE50.

This medal commemorates the discovery and presentation of the statue Venus de Milo.
LordBest
1825_annuale.jpg
182523 viewsModesti Annuale 293.

A "stock" reverse type featuring Pope Leo entering the opened Holy Door. This medal is a "twofor" in that it not only commemorates the 1825 Jubilee Year, but is also the annual medal for year II/1825.
stlnats
20-_1830.jpg
1830 - 20 reis R20 views KM# 360
Features
Country Brazil
Years 1823-1830
Value 20 Réis (20)
Metal Copper
Weight 7.17 g
Diameter 30 mm
Thickness 0.6 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
xokleng
Coin_cabinet_medal.JPG
1843 "BENJAMIN NIGHTINGALE" AE Halfpenny Token. London, Middlesex18 viewsObverse: VILIUS EST ARGENTUM AURO, VIRTUTIBUS AURUM. Female, leaning on books behind her, holding a cornucopia from which coins are spilling, seated facing right in front of an open coin cabinet; in exergue, tudor rose on shield between two branches.
Reverse: BENJAMIN NIGHTINGALE LONDON * PRIVATE TOKEN * 1843 surrounding “BN” monogram in script.
Edge: Plain.
Diameter: 30mm | Weight: 14.2gms | Die Axis: 12
Bell (Middlesex) A3
VERY RARE (Only 72 of these bronzed copper halfpenny tokens were struck)

Privately issued in London by Benjamin Nightingale, the die sinker for this token was William Joseph Taylor (whose initials WJT can be seen to the left below the books on the obverse), following a similar design for halfpennies that he had produced for Matthew Young, a British merchant. Taylor was born in Birmingham in 1802 and was apprenticed to Thomas Halliday in 1818 as the first die-sinker to be trained by him. He set up his own business as a die-sinker, medallist and engraver at 5 Porter Street, Soho, London in 1829, later moving to 3 Lichfield Street, Birmingham. In 1843 the business moved to 33 Little Queen Street and finally, in 1869, to 70 Red Lion Street where, in 1885, Taylor died.
The Soho Mint at Birmingham (founded by Matthew Boulton) closed in 1848, and it's plant and equipment was sold via auction in April 1850. Taylor purchased many of the Soho Mint's hubs and dies from this auction and used them to restrike many of the coins & patterns that the Soho Mint had struck between the 1790's and the 1840's, though he nearly always re-polished or re-engraved elements of the original dies before re-using them.

Benjamin Nightingale was a wine and spirit merchant who lived at 17 Upper Stamford Street, Blackfriars Road in London. He was born in 1806 and died on March 9th, 1862. He was a well known Antiquarian and was a member of the Numismatic Society of London.
In 1863, after his death, Benjamin Nightingale's collection, consisting of 359 lots, was sold over a two day period by Sotheby's. This is from the February 13, 1863 edition of the London Daily News (page 8, column 6).

THE VALUABLE CABINET of COINS and MEDALS of the late BENJAMIN NIGHTINGALE, Esq.
MESSRS S. LEIGH SOTHEBY and WILKINSON, auctioneers of literary property and works illustrative of the fine arts, will SELL BY AUCTION, at their house, No. 13 (late 3), Wellington-street, Strand, W.C., on WEDNESDAY, Feb. 25, and following day, at 1 precisely, the valuable CABINET OF COINS and MEDALS of the late Benjamin Nightingale, Esq.; comprising a few Roman coins in gold, silver, and copper, in the highest state of preservation; a most valuable collection of English medals in all metals; rare and curious jetons, including a very perfect set of those struck to illustrate the history of the low countries; a few remarkable foreign medals, a choice library of numismatic books, several well-made cabinets, & c. – May be viewed two days previous, and catalogues had on receipt of two stamps.

According to Manville and Robertson, prior to his death, Benjamin Nightingale had sold off part of his collection at an auction by Sotheby's on 29th Nov. 1855.
"Benjamin NIGHTINGALE" in ANS copy; Greek, Roman, Tavern Tokens, Town Pieces, 17-18c Tokens, English and Foreign Medals, Books; 165 lots. -Curtis Clay.

The inspiration for these tokens might have been Pye's 1797 halfpenny (Warwickshire 223) which is of a similar design.
*Alex
NapoleonIII1855Exposition.JPG
1855. Napoleon III, Exposition Universalle A.179 viewsObv. Head of Napoleon III NAPOLEON III EMPEREUR
Rev. French Imperial crest encircled by wreath naming the exposition in full, itself surrounded by the coats of arms of all the French regions (I believe) EXPOSITION UNIVERSELLE AGRICULTURE INDUSTRIE BEAUX ARTS/ PARIS 1855. Chalon et Estienne engraved on open scroll in ex.

A medal struck in 1855 to commemorate the 'Exposition Universelle des produits de l'Agriculture, de l'Industrie et des Beaux-Arts de Paris 1855', France's first world fair, following four years on from London's Great Exhibition.
LordBest
ChambersSomersetHouseMedal~0.JPG
1857. Sir William Chambers and Somerset House. Taylor 52a.77 viewsObv. Bust of William chambers to right. CHAMBERS 1725-1796 Signed B WYON AFTER WESTMACOTT
Rev. Elevation of Somerset House to the Strand, featuring nine bayed entrance block. SOMERSET HOUSE 1781 SIR WILLIAM CHAMBERS RA ARCHITECT. Signed B WYON. Edge inscription: ART UNION OF LONDON 1857.
AE55. Taylor 52a.

Issued as one of the Art Union series. The medal gives an incorrect date of birth to chambers, 725 as opposed to 1723. The portrait is based on a bust displayed at the Royal Academy in 1797 by Sir Richard Westmacott, this is now in Sir John Soanes museum.
Built under an act of 1775, as a great new administrative centre to house official and academic bodies. Designed by Sir William Chambers, the Surveyor- General, and completed in the nineteenth century by Sir Robert Smirke (eastern extension to Kings College) and Sir James Pennethorne (western extension to Waterloo Bridge). Chambers decided on a central courtyard, approached through a block of narrow frontage, which was to house the learned societies, including the Royal Academy and Society of Antiquaries. It is the Strand façade of this entrance block which is shown on the medal, it was complete by 1781 and incorporated sculpture by fellow Academicians Bacon, Carlini and Wilton.
LordBest
EdwardVIIasPoW1874.JPG
1874. Edward VII, as Prince of Wales. Royal Horticultural Buildings. Taylor 180b105 viewsObv. Head of Edward left ALBERT EDWARD PRINCE OF WALES PRESIDENT, G MORGAN SC, on truncation BOEHM
Rev. The Royal Horticultural Buildings LONDON ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION OF ALL FINE ARTS INDUSTRIES AND INVENTIONS on scroll below central medallion MDCCCLXXIV

AE51. Taylor 180b.

This medal is arguably the most complex architectural medal ever undertaken, and in my opinion the most accomplished. The depth of view is truly astounding, though this does not come accross to well in the picture. The depiction of the buildings is used as the cover art of Taylor's "The Architectural Medal: England in the Nineteenth Century", British Museum Publication, 1978.

LordBest
Columbian_Expo_History_Medal.JPG
1893 Columbian Exposition "Discovery of America" Medal18 viewsObv: SIGNING OF DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE - JULY 4TH 1776, a scene of the Signing taking place in Independence Hall; a banner inscribed: "WORLD'S COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION;" an eagle, with spread wings, atop a shield; to the left is a portrait of COLUMBUS, to the right is a portrait of WASHINGTON; CHICAGO below.

Rev: DISCOVERY OF AMERICA, a scene of Columbus's landing; a banner inscribed: "OCTOBER 1492;" a scene of the Pilgrims landing at Plymouth; DEC. 1620; LANDING OF THE PILGRIMS.

Designed by Charles Reinsch; Struck by S. D. Childs & Co., Chicago.

White metal; Diameter: 58.44 mm

HK-157 (WM), Eglit 36 (WM)
Matt Inglima
Columbian_Expo_Benjamin_Harrison.JPG
1893 Columbian Exposition Benjamin Harrison & Levi Morton Medal14 viewsMatt Inglima
Columbian_Expo_Baby_Ruth.JPG
1893 Columbian Exposition Grover Cleveland "Baby Ruth" Medal14 viewsMatt Inglima
Columbian_Expo_Medal.JPG
1893 Columbian Exposition Medal14 viewsObv: COLUMBUS 1492 - 1892, bust of Christopher Columbus, facing, head turned slightly to the right.

Rev: FATHER - SAVIOUR - DEFENDER, conjoined bust of George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, and Ulysses S. Grant facing left.

Diameter: 25.5 mm, Axis: 0°
Matt Inglima
Columbian_Expo_Souvenir.JPG
1893 Columbian Exposition Souvenir Medal13 viewsMatt Inglima
EdwardVIICoronationMedal.JPG
1902. Edward VII and Alexandra, Coronation Medal.81 viewsObv. Crowned and robed bust of Edward VII to right, resting on a wreath. EDWARD VII CROWNED 9 AUGUST 1902
Rev. Crowned, veiled and robed bust of Alexandra to right, resting on wreath, unfurled scroll to lower right. ALEXANDRA QUEEN CONSORT, 9 AUGUST 1902 on wreath.
AE55, in original case of issue.

My favourite King of England, known as the Peacemaker. Also fond of good food and women.
LordBest
EVII C Box 2.jpg
1902. Edward VII Coronation Medal Box/Case.59 viewsRed Leather, blue velvet interior. Embossed coat of arms.LordBest
310-3-horz.jpg
1910 CHILE SILVER 100 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE3 viewsThis medal is 60mm in diameter and made of silver, I have no idea of its weight.

Even though Chilean independence was not achieved until 1818 (or some might argue 1840) 1810 is recognized as the year of Chilean independence.

Our younger son was adopted from Chile. When I saw this medal offered for sale on eBay I just had to buy it. I no longer have cost data.

NGC MS-62
Richard M10
Edward_8_Medal_1937.JPG
1937 EDWARD VIII AE CORONATION MEDAL11 viewsObverse: • HIS • MAJESTY • KING • EDWARD • VIII •, Crowned bust of Edward VIII facing right, wearing ceremonial robes, the legend in raised letters on a raised border with each word separated by a rose.
Reverse: CROWNED – A. D. 1937. Britannia standing facing within a distyle arch, holding crown aloft with her right hand and union flag on pole in her left, in background to left, battleship and to right, London riverside scene in which St Paul's Cathedral can be discerned.
Diameter: 45mm

No coins were issued for Edward VIII who became King on the death of his father, George V, on 20th January 1936. Edward's coronation never took place because he abdicated the throne on 11th December that same year after a reign lasting only 326 days.
As Edward VIII was never crowned the coin types bearing the portrait of George V continued to be struck throughout 1936 and up until the coronation in 1937 of Edward's younger brother Albert, who reigned as George VI.

This unsigned medal was struck in 1936 in anticipation of the proposed Coronation of Edward VIII on 12th May, 1937. The same reverse dies were subsequently reused on coronation medals for George VI.
*Alex
1938.jpg
1938 JOHN II HYPERPYRON NOMISMA IV DOC 1 Constantinople First Coinage SBCV-193826 viewsOBV Christ Bearded and Nimbate , wearing tunic and kolobion, seated upon a throne without back: r. hand raised in benediction , holds gospels in l.

REV Half length figure of emperor on l. and of Virgin , holding between them Partriarcghal cross on long shaft. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar piece, and paneled loros of simplified type; holds anexikakia in r. hand. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion. Manus Dei in upeer left field.

Size 30mm

Weight 4.0gm
.
DOC lists 17 examples with weights from 4.04gm to 4.40gm and sizes ranging from 30mm to 36mm

Not a perfect example but had a wonderful Provenance, has original ticket from J Schulman coin dealers in Amsterdam before WWII, (From the start Jacques Schulman kept meticulous records of every coin and medal in his inventory, sales, and auctions. These were index cards that formed a database in the exact same way libraries kept their catalogue card index for books, and other printed materials.
Simon
ElizabethIICoronationMedal.JPG
1953. Elizabeth II Coronation Medal.60 viewsObv. Crowned bust right.
Rev. Boat scene.
AE38.
LordBest
Republican_Centennial_Medal_1954.JPG
1954 Official Republican Centennial Medal27 viewsObv: REPUBLICAN CENTENNIAL 1854 - 1954, Conjoined busts of Abraham Lincoln and Dwight Eisenhower facing right.

Rev: Two lighted torches, quotes between: "WITH MALICE TOWARD NONE, WITH CHARITY FOR ALL, WITH FIRMNESS IN THE RIGHT, AS GOD GIVES US TO SEE THE RIGHT, LET US STRIVE ON TO FINISH THE WORK WE ARE IN" -Abraham Lincoln. "IN ALL THOSE THINGS WHICH DEAL WITH PEOPLE, BE LIBERAL, BE HUMAN. IN ALL THOSE THINGS WHICH DEAL WITH THE PEOPLE'S MONEY OR THEIR ECONOMY, OR THEIR FORM OF GOVERNMENT, BE CONSERVATIVE." Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Engraver: Gilroy Roberts

Mint: Medallic Art Company, Date: 1954, Bronze, Diameter: 63.6 mm

Note: Gilroy Roberts was already the chief engraver of the United States Mint when he designed this medal. He would go on to design the portrait on the John F. Kennedy half dollar.
Matt Inglima
1165_P_Hadrian_RPC2329_5.jpg
2329 PHRYGIA, Laodicea Hadrian Medallion Zeus standing53 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2329.5; Von Aulock, Phrygiens -; SNG München -; SNG von Aulock-; SNG Copenhagen 575; BMC 195

Obv. ΑΥ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС ΟΛΥΜΠΙΟС
Laureate head of Hadrian, r. with drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. ΛΑΟΔΙΚΕΩΝ
Zeus Laodiceus standing facing, head l., holding eagle in his extended r. hand, l. resting on sceptre

36.37 gr
39 mm
12h

Note.
From the Group CEM Collection, Classical Numismatic Group 90, 23 May 2012, 1058 and ex Waddell II, 12 September 1987, 363.

The epithet 'Olympios' was adopted by Hadrian in 128/9 following the dedication of the temple of Zeus Olympios in Athens. It emphasized the emperor's Panhellenic program and enthusiastic Philhellenism, for Zeus Olympios, chief god of the Greek peoples, was the Panhellenic god before all others. RPC suggests that the impressive Laodicean medallions bearing the new epithet were struck on the occasion of Hadrian's visit to the city in June 129.
6 commentsokidoki
1183Hadrian_RIC552.jpg
552 Hadrian Orichalcum Sestertius, Roma 118 AD Hadrian and Liberalitas 56 viewsReference.
RIC 552; Strack 516; Hunter II 324, BMCRE III 1137, Cohen II 914, SRCV II 3606 var. (band over shoulder, S - C at sides); Banti 488

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder, seen from front

Rev. PONT MAX TR POT COS II / S C LIBERALITAS AVG
Hadrian seated left on raised platform, before him sits an attendant distributing coins to a togate citizen climbing steps of platform, Liberalitas standing left on far side of attendant, holding coin counter, LIBERALITAS AVG / S C (senatus consulto) in exergue

25.81 gr
35 mm
6h

Note.
The generosity and munificent largesses of Hadrian, after having been recorded many times on various coins and in diverse ways, are on the reverse of a first brass medal of great rarity, glorified altogether by the above splendid title, "The Benefactor of the World," a superlative the more remarkable, inasmuch as, neither before nor afterward, is it found conferred on any other emperor. -- Dictionary| of Roman| Coins|
FORVM coin
5 commentsokidoki
titus sest-Cohen114-Paduan.jpg
79-81 AD - TITUS AE sestertius - Paduan 164 viewsobv: IMP T CAES VESP AVG P M TR P P P COS VIII (laureate head left)
rev: IVDAEA CAPTA (Jewess seated right under palm tree, mourning; on left side Jew standing right, heap of arms), S-C in ex.
ref: C.114 (12frcs) Paduan, RIC II 93 (S)
18.35gms, 32mm, bronze
Rare

A well-known Paduan medal after Giovanni Cavino, but this is not the 20th century cast with dark patinated aluminium alloy, and it is in Cohen and RIC catalog as Paduan coin. OK, you say this is a fake, but I say it has room in my collection.
2 commentsberserker
domitian as.jpg
81-96 AD - DOMITIAN AE as - struck 92-94 AD57 viewsobv: IMP.[CAES.DOMIT.AVG.GERM.CO]S.XVI. CENS.PER.P.P. (laureate head right)
rev: [MONETA] AVGVSTI / S.C. (Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia)
ref: RIC II 408, C.333 (2frcs)
mint: Rome
12.63gms, 25mm

The recurrence of this legend and type on so many imperial medals of diverse reigns is in itself one of the clearest and most direct proofs that these medals were real money.
1 commentsberserker
Lincoln_Sullivan_AL_1860-41.JPG
Abraham Lincoln 1860 "Rail Splitter of the West"30 viewsObv: HON. ABRAHAM LINCOLN, Three quarter bust of Lincoln facing right, 1860 below.

Rev: RAIL SPLITTER OF THE WEST, a depiction of a frontier scene with Lincoln splitting rails, while an assistant (Stephan Douglas) calmly holds a wedge in place, a log cabin is seen in the distance.

Issued as a campaign medal for the 1860 Presidential Election. It a has been holed for suspension.

Engraver: Ellis

28 mm, 0°

Sullivan AL 1860-41
Matt Inglima
Lincoln_Peace_Medal.jpg
Abraham Lincoln 1862 Indian Peace Medal68 viewsObv: ABRAHAM LINCOLN, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, draped bust of Abraham Lincoln (16th President) facing right, 1862 below.

Rev: In the center, within a circle is a village scene including children playing baseball in front of a school and a church steeple; in the foreground an Indian, wearing full chief's feathered head-dress, operates a horse-drawn plough; in the outer ring, an Indian pulls the hair of a foe, preparing to scalp him with a knife; below and to the left is a quiver of arrows, on the right is a crossed bow and a peace pipe; below center is the head of an Indian princess with eyes closed.

Engravers: Salathiel Ellis (obverse), Joseph Willson (reverse).

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1862 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
1 commentsMatt Inglima
16_Lincoln_Indian_Peace_Medal_(2).JPG
Abraham Lincoln 1862 Indian Peace Medal55 viewsObv: ABRAHAM LINCOLN, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, draped bust of Abraham Lincoln (16th President) facing right, 1862 below.

Rev: In the center, within a circle is a village scene including children playing baseball in front of a school and a church steeple; in the foreground an Indian, wearing full chief's feathered head-dress, operates a horse-drawn plough; in the outer ring, an Indian pulls the hair of a foe, preparing to scalp him with a knife; below and to the left is a quiver of arrows, on the right is a crossed bow and a peace pipe; below center is the head of an Indian princess with eyes closed.

Engravers: Salathiel Ellis (obverse), Joseph Willson (reverse).

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1862 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
Lincoln_1963_NYU_Hall_of_Fame.JPG
Abraham Lincoln 1963 NYU Hall of Fame Medal17 viewsObv: LINCOLN above, 1809 - 1865 behind bust of Abraham Lincoln facing right, "With malice toward none ...with charity for all." A. Lincoln in script.

Rev: A HOUSE DIVIDED AGAINST ITSELF CANNOT STAND, a frieze of huddled slaves in foreground, with raised, shackled hands in center; EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION around the disk of the sun. THE HALL OF FAME OF GREAT AMERICANS AT NEW YORK UNIVERSITY 1963, in exergue.

Note: Commemorates the centennial of the Emancipation Proclamation.

Engraver: Anthony DeFrancisci, Mint: Medallic Art Company

Bronze, Diameter: 44.4 mm, Axis: 0°
Matt Inglima
IMG_4676.JPG
Abraham Lincoln and Ulysses S. Grant Medal13 viewsObv: Bust of Lincoln facing right

Rev: Bust of Grant facing right.
Matt Inglima
Lincoln_Centennial.JPG
Abraham Lincoln Centennial Medal31 viewsObv: CENTENNIAL OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN, bust of Lincoln facing right, MCMIX below.

Rev: "GOVERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE BY THE PEOPLE FOR THE PEOPLE SHALL NOT PERISH FROM THE EARTH," Eagle above, fasces below.

Designer: Bela Lyon Pratt

This medal was issued on February 12, 1909 by the City of New York under the authority of Mayor George B. McClellan Jr. (the son of Union General McClellan who was twice fired by Lincoln, and who ran against him in the Presidential Election of 1864). Unsold medals were repackaged in a decorative case and made available to collectors in the late 1940's.
Matt Inglima
Lincoln_WF_Medallion.jpg
Abraham Lincoln Columbian Expo Medal 189322 viewsObv: 1809 * ABRAHAM * LINCOLN * 1865, portrait of a young, beardless Lincoln, facing, head turned right. Artist's name H. ZEARING in field above left shoulder.

Rev: A shield with lance heads separated with circles in borders; WITH MALICE TOWARD NONE - WITH CHARITY FOR ALL - WITH FIRMNESS IN THE RIGHT AS GOD GIVES VS TO SEE THE RIGHT LET VS STRIVE ON * * * LET VS HAVE FAITH THAT RIGHT MAKES MIGHT AND IN THAT FAITH LET VS TO THE END DARE TO DO OVR DVTY AS WE VNDERSTAND IT. (Excerpts from Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address on March 4th, 1865 and the Cooper Union Speech on February 27, 1860)

Engraver: Henry H. Zearing

Medal was made for the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893.

Bronze, Diameter: 45.4 mm, Axis: 0°

References: King 504, Eglit 85
Matt Inglima
Lincoln_Emancipation_Medal.JPG
Abraham Lincoln Emancipation Medal29 viewsObv: ABRAHAM LINCOLN PRESIDENT UNITED STATES, bust of Lincoln facing right.

Rev: A circle of tulips with the inscription: "MARCH 4, 1861 TO APRIL 15, 1865. - EMANCIPATION PROCLAIMED JAN. 1, 1863 - MEDAL SERIES OF THE U. S. MINT - J. POLLOCK DIRECTOR 1871."

Engraver: William Barber

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1871 (20th Century restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 45 mm
Matt Inglima
Lincoln_Essay_Medal.JPG
Abraham Lincoln Essay Medal15 viewsMatt Inglima
Lincoln_Medallion.jpg
Abraham Lincoln Medal24 viewsObv: 1809 * ABRAHAM * LINCOLN * 1865, portrait of a young, beardless Lincoln, facing, head turned right. Artist's name H. ZEARING in field above left shoulder.

Rev: A shield with lance heads separated with circles in borders; WITH MALICE TOWARD NONE - WITH CHARITY FOR ALL - WITH FIRMNESS IN THE RIGHT AS GOD GIVES VS TO SEE THE RIGHT LET VS STRIVE ON * * * LET VS HAVE FAITH THAT RIGHT MAKES MIGHT AND IN THAT FAITH LET VS TO THE END DARE TO DO OVR DVTY AS WE VNDERSTAND IT. (Excerpts from Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address on March 4th, 1865 and the Cooper Union Speech on February 27, 1860)

Engraver: Henry H. Zearing

Medal was made for the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893.

Bronze, Diameter: 45.4 mm, Axis: 0°

References: King 504, Eglit 85
Matt Inglima
Lincoln_Presidential_Medal.JPG
Abraham Lincoln Presidential Medal33 viewsObv: ABRAHAM LINCOLN, bust of the 16th President facing right.

Rev: A wreath of oak and laurel with a pearled border with the inscription: "INAUGURATED PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES MARCH 4, 1861. SECOND TERM MARCH 4, 1865. ASSASSINATED APRIL 14, 1865." Within the wreath is a spray of pine and cedar, circled by a serpent with its tail in its mouth – the Egyptian symbol of eternity and immortality.

Engraver: George T. Morgan

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1886 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
Lincoln_1963_NYU_Hall_of_Fame~0.JPG
Abraham Lincoln, 1963 NYU Hall of Fame Medal14 viewsObv: LINCOLN above, 1809 - 1865 behind bust of Abraham Lincoln facing right, "With malice toward none ...with charity for all." A. Lincoln in script.

Rev: A HOUSE DIVIDED AGAINST ITSELF CANNOT STAND, a frieze of huddled slaves in foreground, with raised, shackled hands in center; EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION around the disk of the sun. THE HALL OF FAME OF GREAT AMERICANS AT NEW YORK UNIVERSITY 1963, in exergue.

Note: Commemorates the centennial of the Emancipation Proclamation.

Engraver: Anthony DeFrancisci, Mint: Medallic Art Company

Bronze, Diameter: 44.4 mm, Axis: 0°
Matt Inglima
Seal_AE_Woman_head-right_Single-sided_Q-001-10,5mm_0,7ga-s.jpg
AE-medal, Woman head right, Single sided,145 viewsAE-medal, Woman head right, Single sided,
avers:- Woman head right,
revers:- Single sided,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,5mm, weight: 0,7g, axis: h,
mint: , date: A.D., ref: ,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
American_Legion_School_Award.JPG
American Legion School Award26 viewsObv: FOR GOD & COUNTRY (the first four words of the American Legion's Constitution), a soldier and a sailor bearing arms, standing before a seascape that transitions into the French countryside, SEMPER FIDELIS in exergue.

Rev: An eagle with wings spread stands above the legend: AMERICAN LEGION / SCHOOL AWARD / COURAGE HONOR SERVICE / LEADERSHIP SCHOLARSHIP. In the lower third of the reverse is the American Legion seal above a sunburst.

Originally, the award was given to a boy of exceptional character in the graduating class of every grammar school in the state where there were at least ten male graduates. In 1925 an award of a different design was made for girls.

Designer: Robert Tait McKenzie

Produced by the Medallic Art Company, ca. 1922 - 1950, Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
Andrew_Jackson_Peace_Medal.JPG
Andrew Jackson, 1829 Indian Peace Medal32 viewsObv: ANDREW JACKSON PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, draped bust of Andrew Jackson (7th President) facing right, A.D. 1829 below.

Rev: PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP, two clasped hands, crossed peace pipe and tomahawk above.

Engravers: Mortiz Furst (obverse), John Reich (reverse)

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1829 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
Andrew_Johnson_Peace_Medal.jpg
Andrew Johnson, 1865 Indian Peace Medal41 viewsObv: ANDREW JOHNSON, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, bust of Andrew Johnson (17th President) facing right, 1865 below.

Rev: Columbia, holding an American flag, clasping hands with an Indian Chief, before a tomb surmounted by a bust of George Washington. At the feet of the Indian are the attributes of native life, and behind him is a buffalo hunt; at the feet of Columbia and behind her are the emblems of maritime and industrial progress.

Engraver: Anthony Paquet

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1865 (20th Century restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
Jozsef-Nador-Movi-1.gif
Animation !!!, Die Match experiment to compare two different József Nador medal's avers (obvers).71 viewsDie Match experiment to compare two different József Nador medal's avers (obvers).
One of them are made of Silver and another made of Bronze, the question was: they was strucked the same die or not.
(it in not usual, because the to different metal are not the same hardness)
quadrans
Anonymous commemorative scripulum, c 530 AD.JPG
Anonymous commemorative scripulum, c 530 AD111 viewsAnonymous
AR scripulum, third-siliqua
Constantinople, c. 530 AD
Helmeted and draped bust of Constantinopolis right
Large K within beaded border
Bendall Type 8; RIC VII -; J.P.C. Kent, "Urbs Roma and Constantinopolis Medallions at the mint of Rome," Essays Sutherland, p. 112, pl. 13, 28; RSC -; Vagi 3051
Ex CNG
4 commentsArdatirion
Antoninus_Pius_denarius_Marcus.jpg
Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius denarius12 viewsAR Denarius
Antoninus Pius, 138-161 CE
Diameter: 18mm, Weight: 3.18 grams, Die axis: 6h

Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TRP COS III
Laureate head of Antoninus Pius to right.

Reverse: AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG PII F COS
Draped, bear-headed bust of Marcus Aurelius to right.

Mint: Rome

Notes:
- Issued early in the reign of Antoninus Pius circa 140 to 144 CE.
- The reverse with Marcus Aurelius draped is scarcer than undraped.

Ex Colonial Coins & Medals Brisbane, 2003
Pharsalos
Hermione_Triobol___BCD_Peloponnesos_1302_(this_coin).jpg
Argolis, Hermione, ca. 280-250 BC, AR Triobol 24 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
EP monogram above ΔI, all within wreath of grain.

BCD Peloponnesos 1302 (this coin); HGC 5, 748; Grandjean, Monnayage Group II, Emission 8, D16/R25 (this coin cited).

(15 mm, 2.58 g, 11h)
Auctiones GmbH 47, 24 April 2016, 25; ex- BCD Collection: LHS Numismatics 96, 8-9 May 2006, 1302; ex- GMRH, May 1979, SFr 500 (per BCD ticket); ex- Ashmolean Museum from the E.S.G. Robinson Collection, donated to the Ashmolean, disposed of as a duplicate.

This coin has a notable provenance that can be traced back to the collection of Edward Stanley Gotch Robinson (1887-1976) a classical numismatist and the Keeper of the Coin and Medal Department at the British Museum 1949-1952. He endowed the Ashmolean with his coin collection in 1964. Within three years of his death the Ashmolean disposed of this coin from the collection, despite the type being extremely rare. That's gratitude for you!
n.igma
As_medallion_BMC_541.jpg
As medallion BMC 541123 viewsObverse: IMPSEVALEXANDAVGIULIAMAMAEAAVG round edge
Busts face to face of Severus Alexander laureate (seen from the front), slightly bearded, draped (and cuirassed?) and Julia Mamaea draped wearing stephane, left hair in waves
MATAVG below busts
Reverse: (FELICITAS TEMPORVM)
Severus Alexander draped, holding globe and mappa, seated left on curule chair, being crowned with wreath by Victory draped, standing left, holding palm-branch; in front, Felicitas draped, standing front, head right, holding loing caduceus in right hand; background centre, female figure draped, standing front, head right, but this feature is lost because the coin has been holed.
BMC 541 (plate 19), RIC 661
Weight, 10.352g; Die axis, 12h
Ex Mabbott Collection (Schulman Galleries 1969, lot 4804)
2 commentsmix_val
As_Med_Lib_III_dark_red.jpg
As Medallion Liberalitas III93 viewsObverse: IMP CAES M AVR SEV_ALEXANDER AVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: PONTIF MAX TR P V COS II P P, LIB AVG III in exergue
Severus Alexander seated left on curule chair on a platform; behind him an officer and a soldier holding a spear; in front, Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopiae; at left, a citizen mounting steps to platform.
BMC 312 (plate 11, same reverse and maybe obverse die), RIC 572*
Weight, 10.428g; die axis, 12h.

mix_val
Battle_of_Leipzig.JPG
Battle of Leipzig, 1813. d'Essling 1412118 viewsObv. FRANZ. I: KAISER. V: OESTERREICH * ALEXANDER KAISER. V: RUSSLAND * . Bustes, en regard, de François et d'Alexandre JETTON
Rev. DIE ENTSCHEID: SCHLACHT DER ALLIIRTEN BEY LEIPZIG. Vue de la ville et de la bataille. Dans les airs, un aigle couronné, tenant le glaive et le globe.
Exergue: DEN 18=19. OCT: 1813.
Silvered AE34. d'Essling 1412, Bramsen 1259.

A medal/jeton commemorating the Battle of Leipzig in 1813, the most devestating battle prior to WWI.
LordBest
belge_albert.jpg
Belgium: Albert I and Elizabeth 191062 viewsBelgium, Brass Medal (27 mm, loop) 1910, Albert I and ElizabethPodiceps
belge_constitution.jpg
Belgium: Article LXXX of the constitution 183120 viewsBelgium, Brass Medal (22 mm) 1831, Article LXXX of the constitutionPodiceps
mint.jpg
Belgium: Brussels mint 191022 viewsBelgium, Brass Medal (30 mm) 1910, Brussels mint. Obv. Mediaeval moneyer. Rev. Modern Moneyer. Podiceps
gand_pacification.jpg
Belgium: Pacification of Gand14 viewsBelgium, Brass Medal (17 mm) 1876, 300th anniversary of the pacification of Gand. Podiceps
Benito.jpg
Benito Mussolini 20 Lira Medal62 viewsMVSSOLINI MCMXXVIII
Helmeted head of Mussolini left

ITALIA MEGLIO VIVERE VN GIORNO DA LEONE CHE CENTO ANNI DA PECORA
Lion, Fasces L20R left field, MCMXVIII (Top of Rods) MCMXXVIII AVI (Bottom of Rods)

Fantasy piece
16.24g
Jay GT4
Franklin_Medal_small.jpg
Benjamin Franklin22 viewsObv: BENJAMIN FRANKLIN above a bust of Benjamin Franklin facing right; 1706 1790 with crossing branches underneath.

Rev: PHILOSOPHY - LITERATURE - SCIENCE - PATRIOTISM, a depiction of four muses standing, placing olive branches on a memorial inscribed "BENJAMIN FRANKLIN."

Engraver: John R. Sinnock

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1932 (or later restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
Benjamin_Franklin_1962_NYU_Hall_of_Fame.JPG
Benjamin Franklin, 1962 NYU Hall of Fame Medal25 viewsMatt Inglima
23_Benjamin_Harrison_Peace_Medal.JPG
Benjamin Harrison, 1889 Indian Peace Medal36 viewsObv: BENJAMIN HARRISON PRESIDENT, bearded bust of Benjamin Harrison (23rd President) facing left; U.S.A. 1889 below.

Rev: PEACE within a sunburst, above; scene of a farmer showing a Native American chief the benefit of civilization; in exergue: crossed peace pipe and tomahawk, encircled by laurel wreath.

Engravers: Charles E. Barber (obverse), George Morgan (reverse)

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1889 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 59 x 76 mm
Matt Inglima
GeorgeIIIJubileeA.JPG
BHM 0684. King George III, Golden Jubilee of his Reign, 1810.117 viewsObv. Laureate, draped bust of George III, left with short hair.
GEORGIUS III . D : G . BRITANNIARUM REX . FID . DEFEN.
Scroll under bust inscribed: 25 OCT . 1810.

Rev. Arms of Salisbury supported by two double headed eagles.
LUSTRA DECEM COMPLEVIT . REGNAT ADHUC; REGNET QUE DIU. (He has completed fifty years, he still reigns; may he reign long).
AE 48mm. BHM 684.

This medal was produced at the request of Lord Radnor to celebrate the Jubilee in Salisbury. On the 11 August 1810 Lord Radnor ordered six specimens (later reduced to five) in gold, 56 silver gilt, 24 silver and 500 copper bronzed. It should be noted that this piece is the only Küchler medal that cannot have been restruck since the dies were cancelled on completion of the order. See G. Pollard, 'Matthew Boulton and C. H. Küchler', Numismatic Chronicle, 1970, p. 315. See also note to No. 641.
-British Historical Medals 1760-1960, Volume I, pp. 167
1 commentsLordBest
BHM 710.JPG
BHM 0710. The Duke of Gloucester elected Chancellor of Cambridge University, 1811.108 viewsObv. Draped, cuirassed bust of the Duke of Gloucester right, H R H WILLIAM FREDERICK DUKE OF GLOUCESTER
Rev. Inscription within closed wreath of laurel and roses ELECTED MARCH 26 INSTALLED JUNE 29 MDCCCXI, around: CHANCELLOR OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE.

WM48. BHM 710.

William Frederick, second Duke of Gloucester (1776—1834), son of William Henry the first Duke, and Maria, Dowager Countess of Waldegrave. The second Duke served as colonel of the 1st foot-guards in Flanders in 1794 and was promoted to Major-General in 1795. His advancement continued, finally being promoted Field-Marshal in 1816. He was appointed Privy Councillor in 1806 and Governor of Portsmouth in 1827. -from British Historical Medals 1760-1960, Volume I, pp. 173
LordBest
BHM_1061__Elgin_Marbles_East_IV_24-27.jpg
BHM 1061. The Elgin Marbles, East Frieze IV 24-27.80 viewsObv. THE ELGIN MARBLES DEDICATED BY PERMISSION TO HIS MAJESTY GEORGE IV The Royal Coat of Arms with supporters.
Rev. CASTOR POLLUX CERES AND TRIPTOLEMUS THOMASON DIREXIT Hermes, Dionysos(?), Demeter and Ares seated.

AE48

The British Museum writes about the fragment depicted:
24-25. Hermes, a messenger god, sits looking in the direction of the procession. He wears sandals and a traveller's hat (petasos) rests on his knee. The figure who leans on his shoulder is probably Dionysos, god of wine. His left arm was supported by a staff (thyrsos).
26. Demeter, goddess of growing corn, was shown resting her chin (now missing) upon her hand. In Greek art this was a conventional gesture of mourning. Her grief is for her daughter Persephone, who was abducted by the god of the Underworld. In her left hand Demeter holds a torch, the symbol of the Eleusinian Mysteries, of which she was the patron.
27. Ares, god of war, sits with one knee cradled in his hands, while his left foot rests on the haft of a spear. Part of the weapon is just visible below the ankle bone. The rest of it must have been painted on the stone.
LordBest
SoaneBankofEnglandTaylor106a.JPG
BHM 1662. 1834. Sir John Soane, Architect. Bank of England. Taylor 106a.102 viewsObv. Portrait head right JOHN SOANE Signed W WYON A B A MINT
Rev. Elevation of the "Tivoli Corner" of the Bank building A TRIBUTE OF RESPECT FROM THE BRITISH ARCHITECTS MDCCCXXXIV.

AE58.

A gold example of this medal was presented to Sir John Soane, one of Britains premiere architects, in 1834.
LordBest
Welch_7__Napoleon_III___Eugenie.jpg
BHM 2561. Napoleon III & Eugenie at the London Guildhall.105 viewsObv: Conjoined busts of Emperor Napoleon III and Empress Eugénie NAPOLEON III ET EUGENIA GALLORUM IMPERATOR ET IMPERATRIX

Rev: Britannia introduces Gallia (France) to Londinia (City of London). CONCORDES SERVAT AMICITIA (Friendship keeps them on good terms)

Exergue: LONDINI RECEPTI 19. APR. 1855 Signed: B. WYON

AE76. Mintage: 350

Welch 7; BHM 194/2561; Eimer 178/1496; Page-Divo 134/233.

This medal commemorates the visit of the Emperor and Empress of France to London in april of 1855. This was one of my 'holy grail' medals, a medal I had been trying to purchase unsuccessfully on and off for seven years.
1 commentsLordBest
Bielefeld_Menzel2776_1.jpg
Bielefelder Michel, Menzel 2776.112 viewsAE 32, 13.79g, 31.75mm, 0°
struck by City Savings Bank of Bielefeld, AD 1923
ref. Funck 633.1; Menzel 2776.1

This medal belongs to the German emergency coins. For this sophisticated medal we have a thread:
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=67864.msg426324#msg426324
Jochen
Bramsen 0038.JPG
Bramsen 0038. Bataille de Marengo, 1800.156 viewsObv. BONAPARTE PREMIER CONSUL DE LA REP. FRANÇE. Buste ŕ gauche, en uniforme. BATAILLE DE MARENGO 25 ET 26 PRAIRIAL AN 8. Le tout entre deux branches laurier, formant couronne
Rev. LE PREMIER CONSUL COMMANDANT L'ARMÉE DE RÉSERVE EN PERSONNE: ENFANS RAPPELLEZ VOUS QUE MON HABITUDE EST DE COUCHER SUR LE CHAMP DE BATAILLE
50mm

Commemorates the Battle of Marengo, one of Napoleons greatest victories. 1800.
1 commentsLordBest
Bramsen 0067.JPG
Bramsen 0067. Column du Department du Rhone, 1800.117 viewsBramsen 0067. Column du Department du Rhone, 1800. – 6 views
Obv. From the trumpet of the winged victory hangs a banner AUX BRAVES DU DEP U RHONE
Rev. Text IN EACH DEPATMENT THERE WILL BE ERECTED A COLUMN TO THE MEMORY OF THE BRAVE MEN OF THE DEPARTMENT WHO DIED IN DEFENSE OF THE FATHERLAND AND OF LIBERTY -- DECREE OF 29 VENTOSE YEAR 8 OF THE REPUBLIC; CONSULS BONAPARTE, CAMBACERES, LEBRUN; MINISTER OF THE INTERIOR LU. BONAPARTE. In French.
33mm

Struck in 1800, rare.
LordBest
Bramsen 0107.JPG
Bramsen 0107. Paix de Luneville, 1801.106 viewsObv. Bust of Bonaparte. On the base of the bust, the artist's name, ANDRIEU F.
Legend - BONAPARTE PREMIER CONSUL DE LA RÉPUBLIQUE FRANSE.
Rev. an elegant female figure emblematic of peace, she holds in her right hand, which is extended, an olive branch, in her left a cornucopia filled with fruit and wheat ears, her hair and costume is ŕ la grecque, with a laurel wreath round the head.
Legend, PAIX DE LUNÉVILLE. On the ground whereon she stands, ANDRIEU F.
Exergue, LE XX. PLUVIOSE, AN IX.
42mm

Struck to commemorate the
LordBest
Bramsen 0280.JPG
Bramsen 0280. La Venus de Medicis, 1803.154 viewsObv. Head of Napoleon.
Exergue, JEUFFROY FECIT 1803. DENON DIR. G.D. MUSÉE C. D. ARTS
Rev. the antique statue of the Venus de Medicis.
Legend, AUX ARTS LA VICTOIRE. L'AN IV DU CONSULAT DE BONAPARTE.

Depicts the Venus de Medici in the Louvre, and the occasion of Napoleons visit to the museum. The legend "Aux arts la victoire" is a reference to Napoleon's philosophy of "To the victors belong the spoils" . 1803.
LordBest
Bramsen 0310.JPG
Bramsen 0310. LĂ©gion d'Honneur, 1804.484 viewsObv. Laureate head of Napoleon ANDRIEU F below.
Rev.the cross of the order, in the centre of which the eagle of France stands on the fulmen of Jove, encircled with a flat ring, on which the motto, HONNEUR . ET . PATRIE. is impressed. A wreath of the branches of oak and laurel, with their fruit, surrounds the cross behind AUSPICE NEAPOLEONE GALLIA RENOVATA. Exergue, DENON DIRT. JALEY FT.

The engraving is of the highest quality. Some scratches on the obverse, not particularly visible in hand. The scratches on the portrait itself do not penetrate the patination to bare metal.

Laskey's Narrative:
Napoleon having been elected First Consul for life, immediately marked his great event by instituting the order of the Legion of Honour, which, by joining personal decoration with pecuniary stipend, answered two purposes, that of reconciling the people of France to the restoration of artificial rank in society, and also or securing to Napoleon himself the personal attachment of all those connected with the institution; in short it was a cheap, but efficacious mode of giving bribes to all ranks both in military and civil life, and therefore likely to be attended with the best consequences to his own popularity.


On this occasion, Joseph Bonaparte, the Consul's brother, was made the grand officer of the order.

It was also decreed that the legion should be composed of fifteen cohorts, and a council of administration; that each cohort should consist of seven grand officers, twenty commandants, thirty officers, and 350 legionaries; and that the First Consul should always be the chief of the legion, and of the council of administration. The members were to be military men, who had distinguished themselves in the war, or citizens, who, by their knowledge, talents, and virtues, had contributed to establish or defend the republic.



LordBest
Bramsen 0453.JPG
Bramsen 0453. Deputation des maires de Paris a Schoenbrunn, 1805.143 viewsObv. A winged, trumpet-blowing woman runs left, carrying a tablet behind her a pile of spoils of war. Signed in the left field, BRENET F, DE GERMANIS. // IMP VRBI SVAE.
Exergue: PRIMITIAE · BELLI · ARMA · ET · SIGNA · MILITARIA E · MANVBIIS · VERTINGENS CIVITATI · DONATA VI · ID · OCT · MDCCCV
Rev. On the right Napoleon and Murat in classical dress, at their feet a nymph with an urn, approaching from the left are two men, one offering a scroll PANNONIA · SVBACTA. // SCHOENBRUNN.
Exergue: AEDILES. PARIS. IMP. NEAPOLIONI. A. VICTORIA REDVCI IN. SVBVRBANO. CAESARVM GRATES. AGVUNT. PR. ID. DECEMBR. MDCCCV
68mm.

This medal was struck to commemorate the events following the Battle of Austerlitz in the First Austrian campaign, namely the fact that Austria was subdued and Vienna taken by French forces. 1805.
LordBest
Bramsen 0476.JPG
Bramsen 0476. Josephine imperatrice et reine, 1805. 246 viewsObv. Draped and diademed bust of Josephine to the right JOSEPHINE IMP ET REINE

Bronzed lead 68mm. Uniface.

A lead cliche produced by the engraver Andrieu approximately dated to 1805-21. Original paper backing, missing glass bubble.
LordBest
Bramsen 0557.JPG
Bramsen 0557. Arc de triomphe du Carrousel, 1806.172 viewsObv. Laureate bust right NAPOLEON EMP ET ROI
Rev. a triumphal arch, surmounted by a chariot, in which stands the Emperor drawn by four horses; on the pediment over the centre arch, a tablet with the inscription, NAPOLEON EMP ET ROI, &c. &c.; on each side of the tablet a bas relief: over the arches NAPOLEON . I . EMPEREUR DES FRANÇAIS ROI D'ITALIE, underneath bas reliefs.
Exergue, AUX ARMES MDCCCVI. BRENET F FONTAINE ARC. DENON D.

Commemorates the beginning of construction of the Arc de Triumphe, still visible in Paris today, in 1806.
LordBest
Bramsen 0631.JPG
Bramsen 0631. Sejour a Osterode, 1807.165 viewsObv. Head of Napoleon laureated. Under the head, ANDRIEU F. DENON DIRT. Legend, NAPOLEON A OSTERODE.
Rev. the head of Fabius Cunctator. Legend, FABIUS CUNCTATOR. Under the head, or exergue, DENON DIRT.

Commemorates Napoleons rest at Osterode in 1807 and alludes to his military prowess with a comparison to the Roman military leader during the Second Punic War, Q. Maximus Fabius.
LordBest
Bramsen 0633.JPG
Bramsen 0633. Friedland, Anniversaire de Marengo, 1807.140 viewsObv. Laureate head right. NAPOLEON EMP ET ROI
Rev. A winged female draped, representing History, recording on a marble tablet of oval form, the victory of 14th June, at Marengo and Friedland; on the tablet is inscribed, XIV JUIN MARINGO FRIEDLAND. On the right of the pillar, on which History rests the tablet, is an olive branch.
Exergue, BRENET F. DENON D

Struck to commemorate the Battle of Friedland which coincided with the anniversary of the Battle of Marengo . 1807.
1 commentsLordBest
Bramsen 0868.JPG
Bramsen 0868. Ouverture du canal de l'Ourcq, 1809. 118 viewsObv. Laureate head right NAPOLEON EMP ET ROI
Rev. Paris, allegorically represented as a female, sitting to the front, on the side of an antique vessel, the prow and rudder appears on each side of her; on her head a turretted crown; her right arm and hand is stretched out, a naked Naid is pouring water over it from an urn, on which is inscribed, URCA; on her left arm, she supports a cornucopia filled with fruit and wheat-ears; another Naid on the left, on one knee, is laving her left foot with water, which she also pours from an urn, on which is inscribed, SEQUANA.
Legend, ANDRIEU F. DENON D.
Exergue, VRCA PARISIOS DEDVCTA — XV AUGUSTI MDCCCIX.

Commemorates the the construction of the Ourcq canal in 1809.
LordBest
Bramsen 0952.JPG
Bramsen 0952. Mariage a Paris avec Marie-Louise, 1810.268 viewsObv. The busts of the Emperor Napoleon laureated, and the Empress Marie Louisa crowned with a diadem. ANDRIEU. F. DENON D
Rev.Napoleon and Marie Louisa, full lengths, he habited in the Roman costume, with the imperial paludamentum clasped over his right shoulder; their right hands are joined, and with his left he embraces her shoulder, in the attitude of conducting her to the altar, on which burns the vestal flame: on the plinth of the altar, which is circular, is represented the bow and quiver of arrows of Cupid, crossed, with the torch of Hymen erect.
On the base, JOUANNIN F.
Legend, NAPOLEON EMP. ET ROI. M. LOUISE D'AUTRICHE.
Exergue, I AVRIL MDCCCX. DENON D

Struck to commemorate the wedding of Napoleon and Marie Louise of Austria in 1810
LordBest
Bramsen 1091.JPG
Bramsen 1091. Le Roi de Rome, 1811.225 viewsObv. Profile busts of the Emperor Napoleon, and the Empress Maria Louisa; the head of the Emperor encircled with a wreath, that of the Empress is adorned with the imperial diadem as worn by the former Queens of France; under the head of Napoleon or exergue, the name of the artist and designer, ANDRIEU F. DENON D.
Rev. Bust of the infant son of Napoleon; on base of the bust, ANDRIEU F.
Legend, NAPOLEON FRANCOIS JOSEPH CHARLES ROI DE ROME.
Exergue, XX MARS MDCCCXI.

Struck to commemorate the birth of Napoleon II in 1811.
LordBest
Bramsen 1126small.JPG
Bramsen 1126. Bapteme du Roi de Rome, 1811.476 viewsObv. Laureate head of Napoleon left.
Rev. Napoleon, whole length, standing, his head encircled with a laurel wreath, full dress, richly embroidered, the imperial mantle over his shoulders; he is holding the infant with both hands in an elevated situation, as if about to plunge him in an elegant font below; on the top of the font is a Capenduncula, across which lies a branch of myrtle, also a small coffer or acerra, used for holding the incense, surmounted on the top with a cross; against the plinth of the font rests a large book ( the Bible ), on the cover of which a cross; behind the Emperor, on the right, a chair of state, the front ornamented with the initial letter N, within a laurel wreath ANDRIEU FECIT in Ex BAPTEME DU ROI DE ROME M.DCCCXI

AE68. Struck in 1814-15, the original 1811 strike had a different obverse.
5 commentsLordBest
Bramsen unknown.JPG
Bramsen ????. Mariage a Paris avec Marie-Louise, 1810. 233 viewsObv. Confronting busts of Napoleon I and Marie Louise. NAPOLEON GALL IMP ITALIIAE REX M LVDOVICIA FRANC AUST IMP FIL AA. HARNISCH
Rev. Turreted goddess insribing on shield supported by cupid, torches either side. FELICIBVS NVPTIIS. VOTA PVBLICA. VINDOB X1 MARTII MDCCCX
Silvered white metal 48mm

A beautiful medal struck to commemorate the marriage of Napoleon and Marie Louise of Austria in 1810. Struck at Vienna.
My very first Napoleonic medal. ex-HJB it was sold as a restrike but is in fact an original strike as the Vienna mint did not restrike these medals.
LordBest
King George V Medal.JPG
British End of War Medal, King George V60 viewsBritish Civilian medal issued in 1919 to commemorate the end of The Great War.
Obverse: QUEEN MARY- KING / GEORGE / V, Juggate busts of Queen Mary and King George left, both wearing ornate crowns.
Reverse: PEACE-VICTORY / THE GREAT WAR, Victory standing facing holding dove and wreath, scene of farmer plowing left, and soldier with artillary gun right.
Dated 1919
38mm, 18.8gm
1 commentsJerome Holderman
spear_collage.jpg
Bronze Age Reworked Dagger44 viewsAn ancient European Bronze Age reworked dagger, dating to approximately 800 BC.

Of rare and unusual form, with a long ridged handle, slender blade and prominent central rib. Unusually, this piece appears to have originally been made as a spear head, subsequently broken (possibly in battle), and reworked into a dagger. Beating marks from this process of reworking are still clearly visible.
A weapon such as this would have been used in battle by the early Celtic peoples and their predecessors, indeed the period to which this artifact dates was characterized by migrations and invasions of warrior led groups across Europe. The late Bronze Age appears to have been a time of widespread warfare and social upheaval, ultimately carried on the back of weapons such as this.

Length: 8 ˝ inches.


Provenance:
Ex-Collection of Henk Huffener (1923 – 2006), a respected artist, officially honored hero of the Dutch resistance, and successful antiques dealer, with establishments in Surrey and Kensington, England.
Huffener was born in Utrecht in 1923. One of nine children, he soon became known for his artistic talents, most notably for his still lifes, portraits, and abstractionist works. Huffener, inspired by his father, also became immersed in the world of anti-fascist activism. Come the start of the war, he began traveling the Netherlands, helping Jews escape Nazi-occupied Europe by providing them with forged papers, and hiding them from their persecutors. This incredible bravery and selflessness was documented in The Other Schindlers by Agnes Grunwald-Spier (2010), and Huffener was honoured by Yad Vashem as 'Righteous Among the Nations' in 1998. His wartime contributions were also commemorated posthumously in March 2010, when Prime Minister Gordon Brown awarded him the Hero of the Holocaust medal for "the service of humanity."
Huffener eventually moved to England in the 1950s, establishing his own antiques business in 1959 in Albury, Surrey. Here, his knowledge and collections grew to encompass antiquities, ethnographic art, glass, paintings and fossils. Also noted for his restoration skills, Huffener was much respected in his field, coming to befriend Herbert Reiser, one of the world's leading collectors.
Salaethus
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Byzantine Empire, John I Tzimisces, AR Miliaresion. Provenance: Dr. Serop Simonian.12 viewsConstantinople 969-976 A.D. 2.71g - 23.2mm, Axis 6h.

Obv: + IhSUS XRIStUS nICA* / Iw - AN - Cross crosslet on globus above two steps, circular medallion at center containing facing bust of John with short beard, wearing crown and loros, Iw AN across fields, triple border with eight equally spaced dots.

Rev: + IwANN' - En Xw AVtO - CRAT' EVSEb - bASILEVS - RwmAIw' - Legend in five lines, -+- above and beneath, triple border with eight equally spaced dots.

DO 7; SB 1792.
scarli
Sear-1909.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Alexius I Comnenus (1081-1118) Ć Follis, Thessalonica (Sear-1909; DOC 18)27 viewsObv: Facing bust of the Virgin Mary, with medallion of Christ on chest
Rev: Alexius standing facing, holding labarum and globus cruciger
SpongeBob
SB-1909.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Alexius I Comnenus (1081-1118) Ć Follis, Thessalonica (Sear-1909; DOC 18)53 viewsObv: Facing bust of the Virgin Mary, with medallion of Christ on chest
Rev: Alexius standing facing, holding labarum and globus cruciger
1 commentsSpongeBob
Sear-1989.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus I Comnenus (1183-1185) Ć Half Tetarteron, Uncertain Mint (Sear-1989; DOC-8)32 viewsObv: Half-length bust of the Virgin Mary facing, orans; medallion with bust of Christ on her chest
Rev: Half-length figure of Andronicus facing, holding labarum and globus cruciger

1 commentsSpongeBob
Sear-1792.jpg
Byzantine Empire: John I Tzimisces (969-976) AR Miliaresion, Constantinople (Sear-1792; DOC 7b)25 viewsObv: +IҺSЧSXRI STЧS ҺICA *
Cross crosslet on globus above two steps, circular medallion at center containing facing bust of John with short beard, wearing crown and loros, I / w | A / N across fields, triple border with eight equally spaced globules.
Rev: Legend in five lines, -+- above and beneath, triple border with eight equally spaced globules
SpongeBob
107586LG.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo VI the Wise (886-912) PB Medal (Unpublished?)15 viewsObv: Nimbate bust of the Virgin facing, holding globus cruciger
Rev: + LЄOh/ЄҺ ΘЄO SM/SILЄV R/OMЄOҺ in four lines
Quant.Geek
Sear-1876.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Michael VII Ducas (1071-1078) AR ⅔ Miliaresion, Constantinople (Sear-1876; DOC-8)45 viewsObv: Facing bust of the Virgin Mary, holding medallion with the face of the Holy Infant; pellet to left and right
Rev: + ΘKЄ / BΘHOЄI / MIXAKΛ / ΔЄCΠOTH / Tω ΔUKA in five lines
2 commentsSpongeBob
Sear-1781.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Nicephorus II Phocas (963-969), Miliaresion, Constantinople (Sear-1781)66 viewsObv: + IhSVS XRI-STVS nICA *.
Cross crosslet set on globus above two steps; in central medallion, crowned bust of Nicephorus facing.
Rev: + nICHF´ / En X·W AVTO/CRAT´ EVSEb´ / bASILEVS / RWmAIW´.
Legend in five lines.
4 commentsSpongeBob
P9032256.jpg
Byzantine Lead Seal circa 1000124 viewsObv: Virgin Holding Medallion of Christ's Head
Rev: Four-line Inscription
19 mm
Laetvs
SealID1.jpg
Byzantine Seal of Athanasios 7th Century10 viewsOBVERSE
Bust of the Virgin with medallion between two short crosses. Thin wreath border.
REVERSE
Cruciform monogram. Wreath border. Ἀθανασίου (Seal of) Athanasios
pogh_poor
B-caligula_caesonia_0001.jpg
Caligula AE Medallion68 viewsObv: CAESAR AVG GERMANIC IMP P M TR P COS - Laureate bust right.
Rev: CN ATEL FLAC CN POM FLAC II VIR QVINC / SAL - AVG - Bust of Salus r.
Mint: Carthago Nova
Weight: 18.75g
Ref: Cohen 2
1 commentsoa
Paduan_Caligula.JPG
Caligula, 37 - 41 AD148 viewsObv: C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG PM TRP IIII PP, laureate head of Caligula facing left.

Rev: AGRIPPINA DRVSILLA IVLIA, The three sisters of Caligula, standing side by side; on the left, Agrippina (personified as Securitas) with head turned right, holds cornucopia, resting right hand on column, left hand on Drusilla’s shoulder; in center Drusilla (personified as Concordia), with head turned left, holding patera in right hand and cornucopia in left; on right Julia (personified as Fortuna Augusta), with head turned left, holding rudder in right hand and cornucopia in left; SC in exergue.

20.1 grams, 35 mm

This coin is a copy of a medallion made my Giovanni da Cavino of Padua, Italy. Though it's not an "ancient forgery" I would estimate it's manufacture to be sometime in the mid to late 19th Century. There appears to be genuine wear on the coin's surface along with a waxy residue visible in the lettering above Caligula's head leading me to believe this coin might have been used as a host to cast other fakes. It appears to be a direct copy of the Paduan housed in the Bibliothčque Nationale in Paris. It is pictured in Imitations and Inventions of Roman Coins by Zander H. Klawans as Caligula 1.

RIC 41, Klawans Caligula 1
SPQR Coins
CARASE02.jpg
Caracalla, sestertius of AD 210, two emperors crowned by Victories36 viewsObv.: M AVREL ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate bust of Caracalla facing right.
Rev.: CONCORDIAE AVGG (around) S C (in ex.), Caracalla and Geta clasping hands above tripod altar, both holding spears, each crowned by Victory.
RIC -; Cohen -
ex Henzen (1995, "found during dredging in Lagliari harbour, Sardinia" ).
The reverse has been badly double struck but the representation can clearly be seen.

This type is not listed in RIC nor Cohen. Cohen reports a medallion of Caracalla with the same reverse representation. The same reverse is listed in RIC, Cohen and BMC but only for Geta and Septimius Severus. Another related type is listed in RIC 459 (R2) and Cohen 28: Caracalla and Geta clasping hands and holding spears, being crowned by Apollo and Hercules, minted A.D. 210.

A sestertius of Caracalla with the same reverse was in the Santamaria sale of 1938 but was overlooked for inclusion in RIC. It was purchased by Curtis Clay in 1967 and is in the British Museum since 1993. Thus this coin is the second specimen known of this type for Caracalla.
Curtis Clay noted that the obv. and rev. dies of this specimen are both different from the Santamaria-BM specimen. The rev. die was entirely new to him and unknown in combination with a Geta obv. either; the obv. die of this coin is known with TR P XIII (thus dating this coin to AD 210): three emps. sacrificing rev. dies, one being BMC pl. 62.1. (That BM coin has been tooled, and the tribunician number altered to XIIII.).
1 commentsCharles S
getamylasa2.jpg
Caria, Mylasa. Geta AE38 Medallion. Cult statue of Artemis 84 viewsCARIA, Mylasa. GETA. As Caesar, 198-209 AD. AE Medallion (22.95 gm; 38 mm). Bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Tetrastyle temple of Zeus Labraundus, cult statue of Artemis within, holding labrys and spear; tresses hanging from each hand. Round shield with two supporters in pediment.
Akarca 90; BMC 38; Price & Trell 442.
ancientone
Harness_7a.jpg
Cavalry Harness Decoration - obverse75 viewsThis large harness decoration, circa early- to mid-1st century AD has extensive incised decorations which were likely filled with niello. It is often called a phalera though differes from the phalera worn on soldiers armour or belts. Exact parallels can be seen in the Romisches Museum Germany from Vindonissa and Colchester (believed to have belonged to Ala I Thracia attached to Legio XX); and in Feugere, figure 187, #2 from Hod Hill UK dating to the Neronian era. The centre hole was for a lost attachment - possibly a silver medallion.otlichnik
Charles_Lindbergh_Congressional_Medal.JPG
Charles A. Lindbergh, 1928 Medal of Congress18 viewsObv: LINDBERGH above, bust of Charles Lindbergh, wearing a flier's helmet, facing right; MEDAL OF THE CONGRESS in field, ACT MAY 4 1928, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA below.

Rev: A lone eagle flying above a horizon with a rising sun, clouds and stars in the sky.

Sculptor: Laura Gardin Fraser, Mint: Philadelphia

Bronze, 69.33 mm
Matt Inglima
21_Chester_Arthur_Peace_Medal.JPG
Chester A. Arthur, 1881 Indian Peace Medal30 viewsObv: CHESTER A. ARTHUR - PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES 1881, bust of Chester Arthur (21st President) facing left.

Rev: PEACE within a sunburst, above; scene of a farmer showing a Native American chief the benefit of civilization; in exergue: crossed peace pipe and tomahawk, encircled by laurel wreath.

Engravers: Charles E. Barber (obverse), George Morgan (reverse)

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1881 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 59 x 76 mm
Matt Inglima
gordianIIIMed.jpg
Cilicia, Tarsos. Gordian III AE38 Medallion35 viewsCilicia, Tarsos.
Obv. Radiate cuirassed bust right with spear & shield decorated with gorgon's head.
Rev. Selene, crescent on head, driving biga of bulls right.
ancientone
Tarsos.jpg
Cilicia, Tarsos. AE35. Philip I or II / Spes70 viewsCilicia, Tarsos AE35 23.4gm.

Bronze Medallion 35mm (21.94 grams) of Tarsus in Cilicia
AVT KAI IOV ΦIΛIΠΠON ЄVT ЄVC CЄ around, Π - Π in field, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
TAPCOV THC MHTPOΠOΛEΩC AMK, Elpis (Spes) standing left, holding flower and pulling on skirt, Γ B across fields.

Philip I or Philip II as Augustus, same obv. die as Ziegler, Smaller German Collections, pl. 42, 799 ("Philip II"); SNG Paris 1730 ("Philip I"); and SNG Aulock 6062 ("Philip I").

The light beard would speak for Philip I, yet the features look different and younger than other portrait dies at Tarsus that are definitely Philip I. -Curtis Clay


ancientone
Medaille_Artemis_04_fac.jpg
Clémencin, Artemis9 viewsMedal by François André Clémencin
1878-1950
Ca. 1940

A student of Jules Coutan, Clémencin exhibited at the Salon des artistes français in 1907 and received an honourable mention that year. In 1921, he won a silver medal.

He is responsible for sensual or erotic bronze statuettes, monuments to the dead and medals. (wikipedia)

Obv: Artemis running left, holding bow, dog behind
Rev: CONSEIL SUPERIEUR DE LA CHASSE – FEDERATION DEPARTEMENTALE MORLON, laurel and oak leaves
AE, 52mm, 87g
Ref.:
shanxi
WashingtonBeforeBoston.JPG
Comitia Americana - Washington before Boston, 1776.123 viewsObv. Bust of George Washington right, GEORGIO WASHINGTON SVPREMO DVCI EXERCITVVM ADSERTORI LIBERTATIS COMITA AMERICANA [at neck truncation] DU VIVIER / PARIS . F.
Rev. Siege of Boston, HOSTIBUS PRIMO FUGATIS [in exergue] BOSTONIUM RECUPERATUM / XVII MARTII / MDCCLXXVI [at bottom right of canon in the foreground] DU VIV
AE68. 20th century US mint striking.

One of the most encouraging early victories during the Revolutionary War was the British evacuation of Boston on March 17, 1776. During the harsh winter months Henry Knox had transported a number of canon from Fort Ticonderoga in western New York to Boston. As soon as this heavy artillery arrived Washington mounted the canons on Dorchester Heights overlooking the city. Under the threat of bombardment the British troops quickly fled, making Boston the first major city liberated from British occupation. Eight days later, on March 25, 1776, the Continental Congress authorized a medal to commemorate this event. Up through 1787 Congress authorized ten additional medals commemorating war heroes, however no medals were actually produced until 1790. In that year the federal Congress commissioned the Paris mint to produce these long overdue items. The Washington Before Boston medal was considered the most important and was the largest in the series, which is now referred to as the Comitia Americana (or American Congress) medal series. A gold example was presented to Washington along with a collection of eleven silver medals (nine of which were from the eleven medals authorized by congress); the gold exampe is now in the Boston Public Library while Washington's collection of eleven silver medals now resides in the Massachusetts Historical Society.
1 commentsLordBest
Commode Hercule.jpg
Commodus - Medallic sestertius51 viewsWorn obverse legend, that should read : L. AELIVS AVRELIVS COMMODVS AVG. PIVS FELIX , head of Hercules/Commodus left, wearing lion's skin
HER CVLI / ROM ANO / AVG VST. in three lines divided by club, all in wreath. No SC.
33-34 mm

This bronze coin has the size of a large sestertius, but has not the letters SC, and the obverse is from the die engraver who worked for medallions, while the reverse die was carved with much less care. It is a reduced version of a medallion (42 mm) discovered in Crete - the only parallel I could find :
http://www.maat.com.au/commodusmedallion.html

Probably unpublished
Ginolerhino
020O.jpg
Commodus AE36 Medallion200 viewsHierocaesarea mint
Magistrate (archon) Artemidoros
BMC Lydia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, Imhoof-Blumer -
24.976 g, maximum diameter 36.4mm, die axis 180o,
Obverse AVT KAI Λ AVPH KOMMO∆O, laureate and cuirassed bust right;
Reverse ΕΠΙ[...]ΟΥ[...] ΑΡΤΕΜΙ∆ΟΡΟΥ ΑΡΧ[...] ΙΕΡΟΚΑΙCΑΡΕΩΝ, Artemis standing half-right wearing chiton; Leto standing half-left holding patera; Apollo standing half-left, naked, resting left hand on lyre; nice armored bust.

An interesting reverse depicting a mythological scene: Leto and her children Artemis and Apollo. The two were fathered by Zeus, arousing Hera's jealousy. Leto was banned from giving birth on earth or sea, but found the island of Delos, which supposedly was not connected to either.

(all notes from FORVM website)

Extremely rare with no other specimens found on Wildwinds.com, acsearch.info or coinarchives.com.

No examples in Loebbecke, Scholz or all the Imhoof additions.-Dane Kurth

One same size, same obv. die as {this coin}, same magistrate (archon) Artemidoros, but different rev. type (river god reclining), in RPC temp. (online) 8174 = Peus 365, 2000, Burstein 696, there stated to be unpublished and apparently unique.-Curtis Clay

(Many thanks to Mr. Curtis Clay and Ms. Dane Kurth "Helvetica" for further information)

EX: FORVM Ancient Coins
8 commentsMark Z
constans.jpg
Constans32 viewsAE3; Antioch Mint: 348-350 AD
Obv.: D N CONSTANS P F AVG - Pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: FEL TEMP REPARATIO; Roman officer (emperor) guides a barbarian out of the forest to civilization and Christianity // ANΓ.
Reference: RIC VIII 126.
Notes: ex-CoinsToMedals, electronic sale, 3/1/13, 55.
1 commentsJohn Anthony
coin_4_quart.jpg
CONSTANS PF AVG / GLORIA EXERCITVS AE4 follis (337-350 A.D.)29 viewsCONSTANS - PF AVG, (laurel and?) rosette-diademed, draped (and cuirassed?) bust right / GLORI - A EXER - CITVS, two soldiers facing each other, holding spears and shields, with one standard between them, the device on banner difficult to discern, maybe a little dot or O. Mintmark: SMTSA or SMTSΔ in exergue.

AE4, 16mm, 1.37g, die axis 12 (medal alignment), material: bronze/copper-based alloy

P F AVG = Pius Felix Augustus = the pius (dutiful) and fortunate (happy) emperor. Gloria Exercitus (noun + genitive) "The Glory of the Army", SMTSA/Δ= Sacra Moneta Thessalonica, officina A or Δ (i. e. workshop #1 or #4).

CONSTANS - PF AVG legend and Thessalonica mint for a one standard design point at just a single type: RIC VIII Thessalonica 57, with both SMTSA and SMTSΔ mintmarks possible. Minting date listed for this type is late, 346-348 A.D.

Flavius Julius Constans Augustus. Born c. 323. The third and youngest son of Constantine the Great and his second wife Fausta. Caesar since Dec 333 (to his father, who was the only Augustus before his death in 337 -- and together with his brothers Costantine II (eldest) and Constantius II (middle), who were elevated to caesars earlier).

Augustus since Sept 337, also joint with his brothers (Constantius got the East while the other brothers shared the West). At first he was under guardianship of Constantine II, but that relationship was very quarrelsome. In 340 Constantine II was killed in an ambush during military operations against Constans' troops in Italy, and Constans inherited his portion (i.e. the whole West) of the Empire.

As an emperor Constans led a few successful military campaigns and was also known for his activity regarding religions: was tolerant to Judaism, promulgated an edict banning pagan sacrifices, suppressed Donatism in Africa and championed Nicene Orthodoxy against Arianism (which was supported by Constantius, this led to open warfare between the brothers). He was openly homosexual, which ultimately led to his downfall: the army was tired of the rule of Constans' favorites and barbarian bodyguards, of whom he was very fond of. Assassinated by usurper Magnentius, who led the army revolt, in Feb 350. His only remaining brother, Constantius later defeated Magnentius and consolidated the whole empire under himself.
Yurii P
coin12_quart.jpg
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C (the 2nd) / GLORIA EXERCITVS AE3 follis (317-337 A.D.) 23 viewsCONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right / GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers facing each other, holding spears and shields, with one standard between them, devices on banners not very clear, but probably dots or "o". Mintmark: Epsilon SIS in exergue.

AE3, 18-19mm, 1.65g, die axis 2 (turned medal alignment), material: bronze/copper-based alloy

IVN = IVNIOR = Junior, NOB C = Nobilitas Caesar, Gloria Exercitus (noun + genitive) "The Glory of the Army", officina Epsilon (workshop #5), SIScia mint (now Sisak, Croatia).

Siscia mint combined with two standards and IVN NOB C variety points to only two types, RIC VII Siscia 220 and RIC VII Siscia 236, both of Constantine II, with possible officinas A, delta, gamma and epsilon. So even though the name is not very clear and theoretically the officina letter may be B rather than E, we can be sure that it is Constantine and that officina is E. Type 236 should have dots before and after the
mintmark, and it doesn't seem the case here, so this must be RIC VII Siscia 220, officina epsilon. Minting dates according to some sources: 330-335 AD.

Flavius Claudius Constantinus Augustus, born January/February 316, was the elder son if Constantine the Great and his second wife Fausta. Constantine II was born in Arles (south of modern France) and raised a Christian. On 1 March 317, he was made Caesar. A child general: in 323, at the age of seven, he took part in his father's campaign against the Sarmatians. At age ten, he became commander of Gaul, following the death of Crispus. An inscription dating to 330 records the title of Alamannicus, so it is probable that his generals won a victory over the Alamanni. His military career continued when Constantine I made him field commander during the 332 campaign against the Goths.

Following the death of his father in 337, Constantine II initially became augustus jointly with his brothers Constantius II and Constans, with the Empire divided between them and their cousins, the Caesars Dalmatius and Hannibalianus. This arrangement barely survived Constantine I’s death, as his sons arranged the slaughter of most of the rest of the family by the army. As a result, the three brothers gathered together in Pannonia and there, on 9 September 337, divided the Roman world between themselves. Constantine, proclaimed Augustus by the troops received Gaul, Britannia and Hispania. He was soon involved in the struggle between factions rupturing the unity of the Christian Church. The Western portion of the Empire, under the influence of the Popes in Rome, favored Catholicism (Nicean Orthodoxy) over Arianism, and through their intercession they convinced Constantine to free Athanasius, allowing him to return to Alexandria. This action aggravated Constantius II, who was a committed supporter of Arianism.

Constantine was initially the guardian of his younger brother Constans, whose portion of the empire was Italia, Africa and Illyricum. Constantine soon complained that he had not received the amount of territory that was his due as the eldest son. Annoyed that Constans had received Thrace and Macedonia after the death of Dalmatius, Constantine demanded that Constans hand over the African provinces, to which he agreed in order to maintain a fragile peace. Soon, however, they began quarreling over which parts of the African provinces belonged to Carthage, and thus to Constantine, and which belonged to Italy, and therefore to Constans. Further complications arose when Constans came of age and Constantine, who had grown accustomed to dominating his younger brother, would not relinquish the guardianship. In 340 Constantine marched into Italy at the head of his troops. Constans, at that time in Dacia, detached and sent a select and disciplined body of his Illyrian troops, stating that he would follow them in person with the remainder of his forces. Constantine was engaged in military operations and was killed in an ambush outside Aquileia. Constans then took control of his deceased brother's realm.
Yurii P
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CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG (the 1st) / GLORIA EXERCITVS AE3 follis (306-337 A.D.) 23 viewsCONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, (laureate?) and rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields, facing each other, two standards between them, dots on banners. Mintmark SMKB in exergue

AE3, 17.5-19mm, 1.50g, die axis 12 (medal alignment), material: bronze/copper-based alloy

MAX AVG = Maximus Augustus, the Great Emperor, Gloria Exercitus (noun + genitive) "The Glory of the Army", SMKB = Sacra Moneta of Cyzicus (Κύζικος, now Erdek, Balıkesir Province, Turkey), officina #2

Because of the horrible surface it was very difficult to determine the type of this coin. And then I suddenly realized that the head breaks the obverse legend, and so even though it is mostly undecipherable, this immediately excludes all the ...IVN NOB C types of the three Constantine's sons. And thus we can be sure that it is a ...MAX AVG obverse of the father! By carefully looking at the second part of the legend and counting the letters I have confirmed that it is indeed NVS...AVG. Of course, the larger size and the general outlook of the head also points towards Constantine I.

The mintmark is, luckily, much more readable and with significant certainty one can see SMKB. Which points towards RIC VII Cyzicus 78 type. There is a good WildWinds example of a different officina of the same type: http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/ric/constantine/_cyzicus_RIC_vII_078.4.jpg The sources mention that this coin was minted on 330-335 A.D.

Constantine I the Great (reign 306-337), see more info at
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-147487
Yurii P
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CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG (the 1st) / GLORIA EXERCITVS AE3/4 follis (306-337 A.D.)19 viewsCONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, (laurel and?) rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers standing inward facing each other, holding spears, shields and two standards between them, "dot" (clearly filled) on banners. Mintmark: SMNE (?) in exergue.

AE3/4, 16.5-17mm, 2.46g, die axis 12 (medal alignment), material: bronze/copper-based alloy

MAX AVG = Maximus Augustus, the Great Emperor, Gloria Exercitus (noun + genitive) "The Glory of the Army", SMNE = Sacra Moneta Nicomedia, "officina epsilon", i. e. workshop#5.

Limiting information to only what is known for sure: the legends with the particular breaks, two standards and four-letter mintmark starting with SM, we conclude that this is definitely Constantine I, and only 3 mints are possible: SMN... Nicomedia (RIC VII Nicomedia 188), SMH... Heraclea (RIC VII Nicomedia 111) and SMK... Cyzicus (RIC VII Cyzicus 76-79). All are minted in 330-335 A.D. If the mintmark is indeed SMN..., two variations are listed: rosette-diademed and laurel- and rosette-diademed (laurels typically designated by longish shapes and rosettes as squares with dots). Since the obverse is worn, it is difficult to judge which one is the case here. One can definitely see the rosettes, but as for laurels... probably, not. Officina may be E or S, but I think E fits better.

Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus, aka Constantine the Great, aka Saint Constantine, born 27 Feb c. 272 to Flavius Valerius Constantius (aka Constantius I), a Roman Army officer of Illyrian origins, and a Greek woman of low birth Helena (aka Saint Helena). His father became Caesar, the deputy emperor in the west, in 293 AD. Constantine was sent east, where he rose through the ranks to become a military tribune under Emperors Diocletian and Galerius. In 305, Constantius raised himself to the rank of Augustus, senior western emperor, and Constantine was recalled west to campaign under his father in Britannia (Britain). Constantine was acclaimed as emperor by the army at Eboracum (modern-day York) after his father's death in 306 AD, and he emerged victorious in a series of civil wars against Emperors Maxentius and Licinius to become sole ruler of both west and east by 324 AD. He did so many a great deed that there is no point to list them here. Best known for (having some sort of Christ-related mystical experience in 312, just before the decisive Battle of the Milvian Bridge with Maxentius) being the first Roman Emperor to convert to Christianity and for being a champion of this faith, in particular, he played an influential role in the proclamation of the Edict of Milan in 313, which declared religious tolerance for Christianity in the Roman empire, and called the First Council of Nicaea in 325 that produced the statement of Christian belief known as the Nicene Creed. Died 22 May 337, famously being baptized on his deathbed. Succeeded by his 3 sons: Constantine II, Constantius II and Constans.
Yurii P
_T2eC16V,!)QE9s3HFdodBQhF6YhUgQ~~60_57.JPG
Countermark on coin of Septimius Severus904 viewsSeptimius Severus AE45 medallion of Acrasus, Lydia. 43.5 gr.

AYT KAI L CEP CEOYHROC PER, laureate, draped cuirassed bust
right, countermark of Artemis Ephesia standing facing (Howgego 234.)
EPI CTRA ONHCIPFOROY APOLL TO B AKRACIWTWN (or [2] EPI CTR
FILODHMOY NOYMERIANOY AKRACIWTWN), Biga of stags right
with statue of Artemis Ephesia standing half right with supports.

SNG von Aulock 2883; Hirsch Collection 1571; [2] SNG Cop 6.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection
2 commentsSam
cuba_souv_peso_type2.jpg
CUBA - Souvenir Peso47 viewsCUBA - Souvenir Peso, AR, 1897, stars below baseline, Type II. KM #XM-2
The Cuban Numismatic Association writes:
In 1897, the liberation war campaign is in dire need of funds to buy arms and pay the troops. Numerous fundraising events are held from New York City to Tampa and Key West to raise the much-needed money. in 1897, the war campaign is in dire need of funds to buy arms and pay the troops. Numerous fundraising events are held from New York City to Tampa and Key West to raise the much-needed money.

On March 12, 1897, Andrew J. Cobe, a New York “wheeler-dealer,” writes Estrada Palma, offering his idea to strike a coin that would accelerate “Cuba Libre” such as “a souvenir issue similar to the Columbian half dollar”. The idea catches fire almost immediately and, after the details are spelled out in a letter from Cobe to Estrada Palma on April 17, 1897, an agreement is reached and a contract signed on May 10th to strike 3,000,000 coins with “the first installment to consist of ten thousand coins to be delivered within sixty days from date of this contract.”

To prepare a Plaster Cast of the Obverse and Reverse using a design supplied by Estrada Palma, Mr. Cobe contracts Mr. Phillip Martiny, a designer, sculptor and medalist, who together with Saint-Gaudens, had designed in 1889 the Medal of the Centennial Anniversary of the Inauguration of George Washington as President of The United States. Mr. Martiny declines to charge for his work as a donation to the Cuba Libre cause.
dpaul7
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Daniel Boone, 1966 NYU Hall of Fame Medal9 viewsMatt Inglima
IMGP3138Darcombo.jpg
Dareios of Media Atropatene (?), ca. 70 BC40 viewsAR dr., 3,99gr, 19,6mm; Sellwood 35.1var., Shore --, Sunrise 326 (Phraates III.);
mint: Ekbatana; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, facing, w/broad diadem and 1 broad ribbon on each side of the neck; large puffy tuft of hair in 4 waves on either side of head; mustache, short beard; necklet w/center medallion; cuirass; dotted border 8:30 to 14:30;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand; monogram below bow; 7-line legend: BΛΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓΛΛoV APΣ(retrograde)ΛKo(V) (Θ)EoΠΛToPOΣ(retrograde)(last 2 lines to be read from the inside) ΣVEPΓEToV EΠIΦΛNoVΣ (Φ)ΛEΛΛHNoΣ;

There is a possibility that this coin is a forgery

ex: Gorny & Mosch Auction 204, # 1627; ex: B. Peus Auction 311, 1984, #415.
Schatz
IMGP3140Darcombo.jpg
Dareios of Media Atropatene (?), ca. 70 BC49 viewsAR dr., 4,14gr, 19,3mm; Sellwood 35.4var. (legend iii), Shore --, Sunrise --;
mint; Mithradatkart; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, facing, w/broad diadem and 1 broad ribbon on each side of the neck; long hair in 5 waves as large puffy tufts on either side of the head, mustache, short beard; necklet w/center medallion; cuirass; dotted border 7:30 to 15h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand; below bow monogram; 7-line legend: BAEIΛEΩ(Σ) MEΓAΛoV APΣAKoV (ΘE)oΠAToPoΣ EVEPΓEToV(last 2 lines to be read from the inside) EΠIΦANoV ΦIΛEΛΛHNo(Σ); exergual line;

1 commentsSchatz
IMGP3142Darcombo.jpg
Dareios of Media Atropatene (?), ca. 70 BC104 viewsAR dr., 4,14gr, 20,1mm; Sellwood 35.7, Shore 165 (Phraates III.), Sunrise 330;
mint: Rhagai; axis: 12h
obv.: bare-headed, facing, w/broad diadem, 1 ribbon each between hair and bust; 2 puffy long hair tufts in 5 waves on either side of head, mustache, short beard; necklet w/center medallion; cuirass; dotted border 11 to 17h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand; monogram below bow; 7-line legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOV APΣAKoV KAIΦAEΛΛHN(OΣ) EΠIΦANoΣ(last 2 lines to be read from the inside) Θ(EO)ΠAToPoΣ EVEPΓEToV; exergual line.

4 commentsSchatz
IMGP4432Orod2brcombo.jpg
Dareios of Media Atropatene or Phraates III., 70 - 57 BC27 viewsAE 14, 2,07gr., 13,8mm;
Sellw. 36.20 (Dareios), Shore 163 (Phraates III.);
mint: Ekbatana, axis: 12h;
obv: bare-headed, left, w/diadem, knot and a broad ribbon; medium-long hair in 4 waves, mustache, short beard; necklet w/center medallion; cuirass; on the right side Nike holding diadem;
rev.: winged Nike walking right, 6-line legend visible.
Schatz
IMGP4416Phra3brcombo.jpg
Dareios of Media Atropatene, ca. 70 BC, or Phraates III., 70 - 57 BC 17 viewsAE tetrachalkous (?), 5,09gr., 16,17mm;
Sellw. 35.14, Shore 167var.;
mint: Ekbatana, axis: 12h;
obv.: bare head and torso facing, diadem and 2 broad ribbons floating above shoulders;
mustache, short beard, 2 large bunches of hair over ears; necklet w/center medallion;
cuirass; complete reed border;
rev: horse standing, right, framed by a 7-line mostly illegible square legend;

ex: CNG 90, #36,
ex: Spink Auction 08/05/83.


It becomes more and more difficult to assign denominations to Parthian bronzes. What is described as a tetrachalkous in Sellwood no longer meets the weight requirements and should be a dichalkous. Shore avoids the dilemma by using the approximate diameter of the coin for identification: AE16 in this case. I will follow his example in the following postings.
Schatz
IMGP4411Darbrcombo.jpg
Dareios of Media Atropatene, ca. 70 BC, or Phraates III., 70 - 57 BC20 viewsAE 17, 3,84gr., 16,61mm;
Sellw. 35.15, Shore 167.;
mint: Rhagai, axis: 12h
obv.: bare head and torso facing, diadem and 2 broad ribbons floating above shoulders; mustache, short beard, 2 large bunches of hair over ears; necklet w/center medallion; cuirass; goddess in right field (or corrosion); dotted border;
rev.: horse walking, right, 5(?) lines of legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOY rest illegible;

ex: Civitas Galleries, WI.
Schatz
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Delamarre, Artemis7 viewsArtemis
Medal by Raymond Delamarre
1890–1986

Raymond Delamarre (1890–1986) was a French sculptor and medalist. His output in both spheres was huge, and he played a major role in the Art Déco movement. (wikipedia)

Obv: ARTEMIΣ, Artemis running left, stag behind, squirrel underneath
Rev: Bow, quiver, horn and rifle
AE, 50mm, 69g
Ref.: Monnaie de Paris M. 2227
shanxi
Diocletian Medallion Cast Obv_S.jpg
Diocletian (UNIFACE PLASTER CAST)108 viewsObv:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle

UNIFACE PLASTER CAST
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Livia_and_Augustus_Megaglion.JPG
DIVINE AUGUSTUS & LIVIA (by Tiberius). AE34 medallion? of Colonia Romula (Seville), RPC 73. Obverse: PERM. DIVI AVG. COL. ROM. Radiate head of Divus Augustus right; six-rayed star 21 viewsDIVINE AUGUSTUS & LIVIA (by Tiberius). AE34 medallion? of Colonia Romula (Seville), RPC 73. Obverse: PERM. DIVI AVG. COL. ROM. Radiate head of Divus Augustus right; six-rayed star above; thunderbolt before. Reverse: IVLIA AVGVSTA GENETRIX ORBIS. Head of Livia left on globe of the world; crescent moon above. RPC I, 73. SNG Copenhagen 421. F. Scarce. Livia, the mother of the emperor Tiberius, is honored as mother of the world by him on this exceptional coin.Antonivs Protti
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Divo 014. 1644, Prise de Rosas.221 viewsObv. Bust right LUDOVICUS XIIII REX CHRISTIANISSIMUS
Rev. Rose rising from central ships prow, clouds flanking RHODA CATALON CAPTA MDCXLV

This medal was struck to commemorate the capture of the city of Rosas in Catalonia in 1645.
LordBest
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Divo 157. 1676, Levee du siege de Maastricht.195 viewsObv. Bust right LUDOVICUS MAGNUS REX CHRISTIANISSIMUS
Rev. Pallas standing holding spear and shield with three Fleur de Lys PULSIS AD MOSAM BATAVIS TRAIECT LIBERAT MDCLXXVI

Commemorates the lifting of the Siege of Maastricht. Curiously. the medal is dated 1676 while the siege ended in 1673. Maastricht was given back to the Dutch in the Treaty of Nijmegan in 1678-9. This siege is where the historical figure of Comte d'Artagnan, the inspiration for Alexandre Dumas' character, was killed.
LordBest
Divo 271.JPG
Divo 271. 1697, Les conqueres du Roi entre 1643 et 1697 166 viewsObv. Bust right LUDOVICUS MAGNUS REX CHRISTIANISSIMUS
Rev. Mound of cannon and other paraphernalia of war, crown above VICTORI PERPETVO OB EXPUG CCCL URB AD AN MDCXLIII AB AN MDCXCVII

Divo 271. Commemorates the "perpetual victories" of France under Louis XIV, 1643 to 1697. It is worth noting that in 1701, four years after this medal is dated, the War of Spanish succession broke out which was ultimately a defeat for France and weakened the nations influence considerably. France's iron grip on continental Europe was broken and the concept of 'balance of power' was developed during the Treaty of Utrecht which ended the war in 1713 though some small hostilities continued.
LordBest
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DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG (the 2nd) / FEL TEMP REPARATIO AE3/4 follis (337-361 A.D.)36 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right/ FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman in Phrygian helmet, who is reaching backwards. Mintmark SMHΔ (or A) in exergue.

AE3/4, 16-16.5+mm, 1.95g, die axis 12 (medal alignment), material: bronze/copper-based alloy

DN = Dominus Noster = Our Lord, P F AVG = Pius Felix Augustus = the pius (dutiful) and fortunate (happy) emperor, FELicium TEMPorum REPARATIO (or FELicis TEMPoris REPARATIO) = re-establishment of the happy times, SMH = Sacra Moneta Heraclea, officina #1 (alpha) or #4 (delta). Heraclea is now Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey.

Despite the second part of the obverse legend being almost lost, this can only be Constantius II: a Constans' coin would have had a break after DN CONSTA- and a Constantius Gallus' one wouldn't have had a pearl-diademed bust. Also, the last letters of the legend seem to be VG. Factoring in the Phrygian helmet and the reaching back stance of the horseman, very clear H in the mintmark (Heraclea) and absence of any field marks, we can conclude that this must be a variety of RIC VIII Heraclea 90 type. This type should be 17-19mm in size, which is also consistent with this coin. Some sources remark that the fallen horseman type was introduced by Constans and Constantius only in 348, so this coin can be dated 348-361 A.D.

Constantius II (caesar 324-, augustus 337-361), see more info at http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-147501
2 commentsYurii P
Coin013_quad_sm.jpg
DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG (the 2nd) / SPES REIPVBLICAE AE3/4 follis, Sirmium, 355-361 7 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right/ SPES [REI - PVBLICAE], emperor helmeted, draped, cuirassed, standing left, holding globe in right hand and spear in left hand. -S- in the left field, [dot in the right field? all other examples of this type have it, but here it is difficult to say] Mintmark BSIRM in exergue.

AE3/4, 16mm, 1.43g, die axis 1h (slightly turned medal alignment), material: bronze/copper-based alloy

Seems RIC VIII Sirmium 86 (mint mark BSIRM and –S- in the left field are enough to narrow the search down even with unclear legends), but other similar types are 80 (with clear fields and the most common) and 82, 88, 90 (no idea what they are, cannot find examples or descriptions). Mint years are probably late, 355-361, because issued together with caesar Julian coins (Julian became caesar in 355).

DN = Dominus Noster = Our Lord, P F AVG = Pius Felix Augustus = the pius (dutiful) and fortunate (happy) emperor, SPES REIPVBLICAE = The hope of the Republic, officina #2 (beta) of SIRMium mint (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia).

CONSTANTIVS II, * 317 in Sirmium, Pannonia (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) † 3 November 361 (aged 44) in Mopsuestia, Cilicia (near Adana, southern Turkey) ‡ 13 November 324 – 22 May 337: Caesar under his father, Constantine I; 337 – 340: co-Augustus (ruled Asian provinces & Egypt) with Constantine II and Constans; 340 – 350: co-Augustus (ruled Asian provinces & Egypt) with Constans; 350 – 3 November 361: mostly (see below) sole Augustus of the Roman Empire.

More biographical info in http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-147501
Yurii P
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DN VALENS PF AVG / GLORIA ROMANORVM AE3/4 follis (364-378 A.D.) 19 viewsDN VALEN-S PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / GLORIA RO-MANORVM, Emperor walking right, head left, (probably) holding labarum, dragging captive behind him. V(?) in left field, star (or point) over Δ in right field. Mintmark worn off.

AE3/4, 17mm, 1.96g, die axis 12 (medal alignment), material: bronze/copper-based alloy

DN = Dominus Noster = Our Lord, P F AVG = Pius Felix Augustus = the pius (dutiful) and fortunate (happy) emperor. GLORIA ROMANORVM = Glory of the Romans. The labarum (Greek: λάβαρον) was a vexillum (military standard) that displayed the "Chi-Rho" symbol ☧, a christogram formed from the first two Greek letters of the word "Christ" (Greek: ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ, or Χριστός) — Chi (χ) and Rho (ρ). It was first used by the Roman emperor Constantine the Great.

GLORIA ROMANORVM with the captive was a very popular reverse design for Valens' coins, minted at many mints all over the empire. But star or dot over Δ in right field is characteristic only of one mint, Thessalonica. Examples include various types of RIC IX Thessalonica 26b (star over Δ) and 31 (dot over Δ). These types are dated 367-375 or 375-378 A.D., with some letter in the left field usually indicating later, 375-378 issue. Mintmark for these types is always TES, sometimes with dot before or after.

Flavius Iulius Valens. Born in 328 in Cibalae (in present-day Croatia) into an Illyrian family. His older brother Valentinian was later to become Valenitinian I the Great, another emperor.

His father Gratian (aka the Elder or Gratianus Funarius or Gratianus Major), a Roman soldier of common birth, rose through the ranks to become "protector domesticus" during the reign of Constantine the Great [A member of an elite guard unit/staff member with various important duties . After serving under the emperor for a certain duration, the Domestici would be able to become leaders themselves and potentially command their own regiment of legionnaires in the military], and later tribune and comes. He was forced to retire due to suspicion of embezzlement, but later recalled back to active duty to serve Constans. Again fell into disrespect and lost all estates when Constantius came to deal with Magnentius, because he was suspected to support him, but never lost influence with the army, which helped to promote careers of his sons.

Brothers grew up in various estates in Africa and Britain. While Valentinian had been distinguished in an active military career, Valens, though already 35 years old, had not participated in either the civil or military affairs of the empire previous to his selection as Augustus by his brother. In February 364, reigning Emperor Jovian, while hastening to Constantinople to secure his claim to the throne, died in his sleep during a stop at Dadastana, 100 miles east of Ankara. Valentinian, a tribunus scutariorum, who owed his advancement to the deceased, was elected by the legions to succeed Jovian. He was proclaimed Augustus on 26 February, 364. It was the general opinion that Valentinian needed help to handle the cumbersome administration, civil and military, of the large and unwieldy empire, and, on 28 March of the same year, at the express demand of the soldiers for a second Augustus, he selected his brother Valens as co-emperor in the palace of Hebdomon. Both emperors were briefly ill, delaying them in Constantinople, but as soon as they recovered, the two Augusti travelled together through Adrianople and Naissus to Mediana, where they divided their territories. Valentinian then went on to the West, where the Alemanic wars required his immediate attention.

Valens obtained the eastern half of the Empire Greece, Egypt, Syria and Anatolia as far east as Persia. He was back in his capital of Constantinople by December 364. Valens was utterly undistinguished and possessed no military ability: he betrayed his consciousness of inferiority by his nervous suspicion of plots and savage punishment of alleged traitors, but he was also a conscientious administrator, careful of the interests of the humble. He was an earnest Christian. Like the brothers Constantius II and Constans, Valens and Valentinian I held divergent theological views. Valens was an Arian and Valentinian I upheld the Nicene Creed. Valens was baptized by the Arian bishop of Constantinople before he set out on his first war against the Goths. Not long after Valens died the cause of Arianism in the Roman East was to come to an end. His death was considered a sign from God. His successor Theodosius I would favor the Nicene Creed, and suppress the Arian heresy. Valens, sometimes known as the Last True Roman (his co-emperor brother was dead in 375), was defeated and killed in the Battle of Adrianople against a confederated Gothic army on 9 August 378, which marked the beginning of the collapse of the decaying Western Roman Empire.
Yurii P
Dominican.jpg
Dominican Republic86 viewsKm7 - 2.5 Centavos - 1888
km69 - 5 Centavos - 1989
km60 - 10 Centavos - 1987
km61 - 25 Centavos - 1983 (medal rotation)
km71.1 - 25 Centavos - 1991 - Ox Cart (no beaded circle)
km71.2 - 25 Centavos - 1990 - Ox Cart (beaded circle)
Daniel F
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Domitian AR Denarius AD 85133 viewsDomitian. AD 81-96. AR Denarius, 20mm, 3.50g. Rome mint. Struck AD 85
O: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P IIII; Laureate bust Domitian right with aegis
R: IMP VIIII COS XI CENS POT P P; Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column with spear and shield; aegis draped over back with snakes around; owl to right.
- RIC 334

Minerva was clearly the favorite goddess and patroness of Domitian, evidenced here by his wearing of her aegis.
In the Thebaid Minerva is represented as a terrifying battle goddess, entrusted with Jupiter's horrible aegis, that terrifies the Thebans. The popular perception of Domitian as cruel and capricious was entirely consistent with the wanton destructiveness of Minerva in the epic.

What scene is portrayed on the center of the capital?
From Dressel, Berlin Medallions (published 1973), p. 14, note 1: 'Cohen 237 note says, "a standing figure and a seated figure". Gnecchi, Medaglioni I, p. 43, 4 says "two small figures, the one on the left seated and the second one kneeling before the seated figure". As can be seen on many of the more carefully engraved specimens [Dressel continues], the first figure is shown seated right, while the second figure kneels before the first figure, with arms raised in entreaty.'
6 commentsNemonater
domsalus1.jpg
Domitian RIC-14591 viewsAR Denarius, 3.50g
Rome mint, 82-83 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: SALVS AVGVST; Salus std. l., with corn ears and poppy
RIC 145 (R). BMC 54. RSC 412. BNC 54.

In 82 AD Domitian banished his a rationibus Tiberius Julius and then proceeded to increase the fineness of both the silver and gold coins to pre-Neronian standards. The portraits also became more refined, prompting C. H. V. Sutherland to remark they possessed an expression of 'critical disdain, of a kind familiar to the medalist of Louis XLV'.

This denarius dates to 82-83 AD when Domitian improved the quality of the precious metal coinage. The reverse depicts Salus holding grain ears and poppies, an attribute H. Mattingly speculated may refer to Domitian's care for Italian agriculture. The coin itself is darkly toned with hints of a rainbow patina.


2 commentsDavid Atherton
D342_2012.jpg
Domitian RIC-342139 viewsAR Denarius, 3.13g
Rome mint, 85 AD
Obv: IMP•CAES DOMIT AVG•GERM P M TR P V; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP VIIII COS XI CENS POT P P; Minerva adv r., with spear and shield (M1)
RIC 342 (R2). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection. Ex Jyrki Muona Collection.

Another very rare denarius from a brief series minted in 85. Interesting to note that two silver medallions (4 and 8 denarii weight) were minted in this series. Not in London or Paris. RIC cites Berlin and the Jyrki Muona collection (this coin).

Struck on a large flan (21 mm) and toned almost a chocolate brown. The portrait is pretty stylish too. Same reverse die as the RIC plate coin.
This is a wonderful coin in hand.

Thanks to Harry Sneh for additional info.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
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Edgar Allan Poe, 1963 NYU Hall of Fame Medal23 viewsObv: THE HALL OF FAME FOR GREAT AMERICAN EDGAR ALLAN POE above a bust of Poe facing left. AT NEW YORK UNIVERSITY 1809 - 1849, depictions of a Raven and a Gold Bug alluding to Poe's writings.

Rev: "NEVERMORE" depictions of Poe's fiction: the Angel Israfel, Lenore, The Fall of the House of Usher, The Masque of the Red Death, The Black Cat, MS. Found in the Bottle, The Pit and the Pendulum. The Pegasus, symbolic of poetry and art, unfolds a nightmare of dreams and death.

Designer: Michael Lantz, Mint: Medallic Art Company

Bronze, 44.48 mm
Matt Inglima
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Edwin Booth, 1970 NYU Hall of Fame Medal33 viewsObv: EDWIN THOMAS BOOTH - 1833 - 1893, three-quarter portrait to left of actor Edwin Booth.

Rev: THE HALL OF FAME FOR GREAT AMERICANS AT NEW YORK UNIVERSITY - "TO BE, OR NOT TO BE" Edwin Booth as Hamlet.

Designed by: Agop Agopoff (1905 - 1983) - Mint: Medallic Art Company

Bronze, 44.5 mm
Matt Inglima
IMGP4872KaOrEltdrcombo.jpg
Elymais -- Kamnaskires-Orodes, early to mis 2nd cent. AD10 viewsBI tdr., 14,83gr, 26,65 mm,
Alram 480, Van't Haaff 12.1.1-3D, Sunr. -;
mint: Susa;
obv.: bare-headed bust, facing,w/diadem and 2 ribbons over shoulders; low tiara w/cross like emblem on top; hair i 2 large side tufts w/upward directed rows of curls; triple necklace w/center medallion; in left field Aramaic lettering (Van't H. legend 2) meaning King Kamnaskires Orodes, son of king Orodes; in right field anchor w/2 crossbars on top and 1 at the bottom, above it crescent open to left w/star; dotted border 13:30 to 15:30h;
rev.: field of perpendicular slashes.
Almost black tone.
Schatz
IMGP4848ElOrod3dr.jpg
Elymais -- Orodes III., 2nd cent. AD28 viewsAE 14, 3,30gr.,
Van’t Haaff 16.2.1-2A;
mint; Susa, axis: 12h;
obv.: bust, left, w/anchor adorned tiara, row of pellets as crest, 2-strand diadem, knot, and ribbon; mustache, med.-long beard; earring, necklace w/center medallion; in right field anchor w/1 upper and 1 lower crossbar, crescent and pellet above; dotted border 3 - 10h;
rev.: bust of Belos w/necklace, left; garment held by fibula; in right field cornucopia; complete dotted border;
verdigris patina on obv. and rev.
Schatz
IMGP4798Elbrcombo.jpg
Elymais -- Orodes IV., 2nd half of 2nd cent. AD16 viewsAE dr, 3,32gr,
Van’t Haaff 17.3.1-2Bb, Alram -;
mint: Susa, axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed male bust, facing, w/2-strand diadem and 2 ribbons over right shoulder; mustache, med.-long beard consisting of 2 rows of dots, 2 large curly buns consisting of dots on either side, top hair 1 row of dots above the diadem whose lower strand appears to have a center medallion; necklace; tunic; parts of Aramaic lettering (YUX ...) in right field;
rev: 1- crossbar anchor surrounded by wreath or diadem.
Schatz
IMGP4808Elbrcombo.jpg
Elymais -- Orodes V., late 2nd to early 3rd cent. AD21 viewsAE 13, 2,04gr, 12,53mm;
Van’t Haaff 18.1.1-2a-d, Alram 490;
obv.: male bust, left, w/2-strand diadem, loop, and 2 ribbons; top hair on a stilted bun, 2 ties floating in the back, mustache, short, pointed beard; necklace; tunic; dotted border 12:30 to 16:30h;
rev.: female bust (Artemis?) w/diadem, loop, and 2 ribbons; double necklace w/center medallion in the lower ring, earring; tunic w/shoulder pad;
black patina on obv. and rev.;

ex: J. Elsen, BEL.
Schatz
IMGP4790Elbrcombo.jpg
Elymais -- Kamnaskires Orodes, 1st half of 2nd cent. AD19 viewsAE dr., 4,08gr., 15,09mm;
Van’t Haaff 12.3-1.2Ac-e, Alram 482 -485 var. (rev.);
mint: ? ; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, facing,w/diadem and ribbons; small tuft in center of top hair, mustache, med.-long beard, large bunch of hair on either side, the vertical dotted lines pointing upward; necklace w/center medallion; in right field anchor w/2 crossbars and crescent w/pellet above, pellet left of anchor; dotted border 6 - 11h;
rev.: circle of slashes surrounding 2 large vertical center slashes;

ex: J. Elsen, BEL.
Schatz
IMGP4794Elbrcombo.jpg
Elymais -- Kamnaskires Orodes, 1st half of 2nd cent. AD19 viewsAE dr., 4,04gr., 15,23mm;
mint: ? , axis: 12H;
Van’t Haaff 12.2.1.-1B, Alram 482-485var. (rev.);
obv.: bare-headed, facing, w/2-strand diadem, 2 loops and ribbons; large, grape like bunch of hair on either side of head, mustache, med.-long beard; double necklace w/center medallions; tunic; in right field anchor w/2 crossbars, crescent w/pellet above;
rev.: field of seemingly random letters and symbols.
Schatz
115ElKamOrcombo.jpg
Elymais -- Kamnaskires Orodes, early to mid 2nd cent. AD,7 viewsAE dr., 3,53gr., 16,38mm;
Alram 479, Van't Haaff 12.3.1-2A1a;
mint: Susa, axis 12h;
obv.: bare-headed bust, facing, w/diadem and 4 ribbons (2 next to top tuft, 2 next to neck); mustache, medium-long chin beard, 2 large side tufts coins. of 5 rows of upward curls, 1 top tuft; necklace w/center medallion; in upper right field crescent w/pellet, below anchor w/2 top bars and i bottom bar; complete dotted border; floating bust;
rev: field of vertical dashes;
almost black tone
Schatz
ElymKamOrdrcombo2.jpg
Elymais -- Kamnaskires-Orodes, early to mid 2nd cent. AD,9 viewsAE dr., 3,87gr, 15,94mm;
Alram 482 ff. , Van't Haaff 12.3.1-2A1, Sunr. 487var.;
obv.: bare-headed bust, facing, w/diadem, 2 ribbons over shoulder; top hair tuft, side tufts consisting of rising rows of pellets, mustache, short beard; necklace w/center medallion; in upper right field crescent w/pellet, below anchor w/2 top and 1 bottom bars, pellet between anchor and shoulder; dotted border 5 - 10h;
rev.: field of multidirectional slashes.
Lovely dark tone.
1 commentsSchatz
Sear-2154.jpg
Empire of Nicaea: Anonymous (ca. 1204-1261) AE Tetarteron (Sear-2154)11 viewsObv: MP - ΘV; The Virgin Mary standing facing, orans, with Christ medallion on breast.
Rev: Pelleted cross, with crescent ends; all over pelleted saltire cross.
Quant.Geek
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Exile of the June Insurgents10 viewsSilvered Cast Lead Medal (40mm, 22.05 g, 12h).
RÉPUBLIQUE (inverted and retrograde) DES HONNČTES GENS (Republic of honest people.
1848/ ÉTAT DE/ SIČGE/ TRANSPORTATION/ DES INSURGES/ DE JUIN (1848 state of siege. Transportation of the June Insurgents), within border of longbones with skulls at cardinal points
1848/ ÉTAT DE/ SIČGE/ MISÉRE (Wretched state of siege)

De Saulcey, Souvenirs numismatiques de la Révolution de 1848 pl. 19, 5; Musée Carnavalet ND7926

Ex Mors in Nummis (HJR) Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 424, 11 July 2018), lot 641
Ardatirion
Larissa_Obe_and_Rev.jpg
Facing Head of Larissa38 viewsThessaly Greece, the City of Larissa

Obv: Head of the nymph Larissa 3/4 facing l., wearing ampyx flanked by two hornlike locks, round curl to the l. of the head1; earring on the r. (?), wearing wire necklace (?). Border of dots.
Rev: Horse crouching r., l. foreleg raised and bent (parallel with the lower part of the hind legs), preparing to roll, ΛAPIΣ above horse and AIΩN in the exergue.
Denomination: Silver Drachm; Mint: Larissa; Date: c. 356 - 346 BC2; Weight: 6.05g; Diameter: 19mm; Die axis: 130ş; References, for example: Lorber Hoard, Phase L-III; SNG COP 121.

Notes:
1On p. 10 of Lorber Hoard Catharine Lorber observes that on later Phase L-III head types the round curl to the left of the head “...tends to evolve into a long wavy lock scarcely different from the others above and below it.” Therefore, perhaps this coin falls earlier in Phase L-III.
2This is the date range given in Lorber Hoard, p. 11. She states that the Third Sacred War must have been the historical context for the intensive Phase L-III drachm production.
The city of Larissa was named after the local water nymph, said to be the daughter of Pelasgos. He was said to be the ancestor of the pre-Greek Pelasgians. According to myth Larissa drowned while playing ball on the banks of the Peneios river. (HGC 4 p. 130).

Provenance: ex. Pegasi Auction, A22, lot 117

Photo credits: Harlan J. Berk Ltd.

Sources

HGC: Hoover, Oliver D. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Greece: Achaia Phthiotis, Ainis, Magnesia, Malis, Oita, Perrhaibia, Thessaly, Akarnania, Aitolia, Lokris, Phokis, Boiotia, Euboia, Attica, Megaris, and Corinthia, Sixth to First Centuries BC, The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Vol. 4. Lancaster/London: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc, 2014.
Lorber Hoard: Lorber, Catharine C. “A Hoard of Facing Head Larissa Drachms” in Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau, vol. 79 (2000): 7 - 15.
SNG COP: Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum: Thessaly - Illyricum. Copenhagen: Einar Munksgaard, 1943.
4 commentsTracy Aiello
Larissa_AI_Signed.jpg
Facing Head of Larissa - AI Signed17 viewsThessaly Greece, the City of Larissa

Obv: Head of the nymph Larissa facing ľ l., wearing ampyx with ΓΕΥ inscription (not visible)1, hair floating freely above head, tiny IA above top locks of hair (off of flan), prominent raised right shoulder2 (garment clasp visible?), spherical earring with bead pendant. Border of dots.
Rev: Horse crouching r., bucranium brand on haunch, forelegs spread, raised tail (off of flan), tiny AI under belly3, reign trails into exergue with exergue line sloping downward under horse’s muzzle, ΛΑΡΙΣΑΙ directly below exergue line with ΣΑΙ breaking into that line.
Denomination: Silver Drachm; Mint: Larissa; Date: c. 405/400 BC - c. 370 BC4; Weight: 6.11g; Diameter: 19mm; Die axis: 90ş; References, for example: SNG Cop 126; Herrmann Group VII, Series I, Reverse II, pl. VI, 16 and 19; HGC 4, 434; Lorber - Shahar Group 3 Head Type 14 (O35/R2 - Sp. b, this very coin) = Florilegium Numismaticum Group One Head Type 11 with Reverse 21.2 - Sp. b (this very coin).

Notes:
1Lorber presumes that these letters are “...an abbreviated epithet of the nymph Larissa.” (Lorber Early in FlorNum, p. 261).
2Lorber invites us to interpret this “distinctive gesture” as the nymph “...tossing her ball, an action regularly depicted on trihemiobols and obols of the fifth century.” (Lorber Early in FlorNum, p. 262).
3Lorber understands these letters to be the signature of the mint’s chief engraver, who replaced ΣΙΜΟ. See Lorber Early in FlorNum, p. 261.
4This is the date range provided in Lorber 2008, p. 126.

The city of Larissa was named after the local water nymph, said to be the daughter of Pelasgos. He was said to be the ancestor of the pre-Greek Pelasgians. According to myth Larissa drowned while playing ball on the banks of the Peneios river. (HGC 4 p. 130).

Provenance: Ex Numismatica Ars Classica Auction 29, May 11, 2005, lot 176; Ex Numismatic Fine Arts Auction XXXIII, May 3, 1994, lot 929.

Photo credits: Shanna Schmidt Numismatics

Sources

Herrmann, Fritz. “Die Silbermünzen von Larissa in Thessalien.” Zeitschrift für Numismatik 35 (1925): 1 - 69.
HGC: Hoover, Oliver D. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Greece: Achaia Phthiotis, Ainis, Magnesia, Malis, Oita, Perrhaibia, Thessaly, Akarnania, Aitolia, Lokris, Phokis, Boiotia, Euboia, Attica, Megaris, and Corinthia, Sixth to First Centuries BC, The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Vol. 4. Lancaster/London: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc, 2014.
Lorber, Catharine C. “The Early Facing Head Drachms of Thessalian Larissa.” In Florilegium Numismaticum: Studia in Honorem U. Westermark Edita. Edited by H. Nilsson. Stockholm: Svenska Numismatiska Föreningen, 1992: 259 - 282.
Lorber, Catharine C. and Shahar C. “The Silver Facing Head Coins of Larissa.” 2005. http://www.lightfigures.com/numismat/larissa/index.php. Note: this website is no longer functional but I printed some of the catalogues in PDF format before the website was completely taken down. I was never able to see any of the images on the website. At the time of my first visit only the PDFs were functional.
Lorber, Catharine C. “Thessalian Hoards and the Coinage of Larissa” in American Journal of Numismatics, second series 20 (2008): 119 - 142.
SNG COP: Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum: Thessaly - Illyricum. Copenhagen: Einar Munksgaard, 1943.

1 commentsTracy Aiello
FAVSSE11.jpg
Faustina Sr, RIC (A. Pius) 1113, sestertius of AD 147-161 (elephant chariot)42 viewsĆ Sestertius (28.64g, Ř36mm, 5h). Rome mint. Struck AD 147-161.
Obv.: DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust of Diva Faustina Maior facing right with hair waived and curled on top.
Rev.: AETERNITAS (from left to top) S C(in ex.), Faustina as Cybele seated left holding a sceptre, seated on top of a triumphal chariot drawn left by two elephants with riders.
RIC (A. Pius) 1113 (rare); BMCRE 1503; Cohen 57 (40 fr.); Strack 1256; Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali III-1) 25 (13 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4611
ex Numphil
Struck on medallic flan.

Commemorating the funeral of Faustina in A.D. 141
1 commentsCharles S
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Finland; Agriculture Association of Häme 189429 viewsFinland; Palkintomitali. Hämeen läänin maanviljelysseura 1894. Bronze / Award Medal. Agriculture Association of Tavastland (Häme) 1894 (Carl Jahn). Bronze. 54mmPodiceps
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FL CONSTANTIS BEA C / GLORIA EXERCITVS AE3/4 follis (333-350 A.D.) 17 viewsFL CONSTANTIS BEA C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers facing each other, holding spears and shields, with one standard between them, device on banner unclear, but probably O (or "dot"). Mintmark AS(IS) in exergue.

AE3/4, 16.5-17.5mm, 1.24g, die axis 1 (slightly turned medal alignment), material: bronze/copper-based alloy.

FL CONSTANTIS BEA C = Flavius Constans: Beatus Caesar (Blessed Caesar), Gloria Exercitus (noun + genitive) = The Glory of the Army, ASIS = officina #1, Siscia mint (now Sisak, Croatia)

Well, as if we did not have trouble enough with almost identical ConstantINUs #1 and #2 and ConstantIUs #1 and #2, this coin is a proof that Constans' name can also be written as ConstanTIs. Luckily, the legends are very clear, mintmark is a bit less clear, but still I have little doubt that it is ASIS. In fact such a rare obverse legend was only used in Siscia and the first letter looks much more like A than other possible officinas B, delta or epsilon. The only ambiguity that remains -- if there is a star after ASIS, it is really hard to tell, there's certainly enough space and the surface if rough enough to suggest another symbol. If there is no star, it is RIC VII Siscia 255 type, and if there is -- RIC VII Siscia 264. There are enough examples of both types at WildWinds, like this http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/ric/constans/_siscia_RIC_vII_255.jpg and this http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/ric/constans/_siscia_RIC_VII_264.jpg The style is similar enough and they are equally rare, so in my mind it matters little. According to the sources, both types were minted in 346-348 A.D., again well after Constans becoming an August, so it is difficult to say, why his Caesar title was still used.

Constans (caesar 333- , augustus 337-350), see more info at
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-147486
Yurii P
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France (French Flanders). The Battle of Seneffe12 viewsFeuardent 14726-14734; La Tour 1890-1893

Jeton; minted by Lazare Gottlieb Laufer (active 1660-1690) in Nuremburg during reign of Louis XIV (1643-1715); brass, 25.54 mm. max., 180°

Obv.: LVDOVICVS MAGNVS REX, laureate head of mature Louis XIV facing right, LGL beneath.

Rev.: PVGNA AD • SENEFFAM • (= the Battle of Seneffe), Victory flying right, holding a crown and a standard; below, a cannon, barrels of powder, flags and cannonballs.

The Battle of Seneffe was a fought during the Franco-Dutch War on August 11, 1674 between a French army under the command of Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé and the Dutch-German-Spanish army under the Dutch Stadtholder William III of Orange (later King William III of England). The jetons were based on the official silver medals struck to commemorate the battle.
Stkp
monneron_frere_FRANCE.jpg
FRANCE - First Republic - Monneron Freres81 viewsFRANCE - First Republic - Monneron Freres of Paris issue - 39.5 mm - AE 5 Sols, 1792 (L'AN IV) - A medal used as money. KM#Tn-31dpaul7
320-3-horz.jpg
France, Benjamin Franklin/Baron de Montyon Medal. Bronze. 41.4 mm.19 views1833

Produced by the Franklin and Montyon Society for the promotion and benefactors of humanity.

The obverse shows conjoined busts of Franklin & Montyon, beside Franklin is 'A benefactor of genius' & by Montyon 'Genius of being a benefactor'.

The reverse presents seven lines inscription regarding the Society of Montyon & Franklin to propagate the history of benefactors of the human race. Montyon was a politician & philanthropist who gave large amounts of money to the poor and to established a series of prizes awarded by the French Academy. By Barre.

Franklin is someone I admire greatly thus my interest in this piece.

NGC MS-63

This is the last medal added to my collection, my cost was $108
1 commentsRichard M10
JET_Monneron_Confidence_Token.jpg
France. Monneron Confidence Token10 viewsAE/copper token; valued at 2 Sols; designed by Augustin Dupré and minted in 1791 (the first pieces leaving the mint on November 3, 1791) on the Watt steam presses of Matthew Boulton’s Soho Mint, Birminghan, England, for Frčres Monneron; 18.28 gr. (minted at 27 to the pound), 32 mm., 180°.

KM France TN23; Guilloteau.233l; Mazard153; Brandon 217c; Droulers.62; Bouchert 54/1; Hennin 342. Pl. 32.

Obv: France in the guise of Liberty seated, facing left, raising a spear surmounted by a Phrygian cap leaning on a tablet bearing the inscription DROITS / DE / L'HOMME / ARTIC. / V. (representing the Declaration of the Rights of Man), rooster on a pillar behind her, LIBERTE SOUS LA LOI (= Liberty Under the Law), L'AN III DE LA LIBERTE (= Year III/1791 of Liberty) in exergue.

Rev: MONNERON FRERES NEGOCIANS A PARIS (= Moneron Brothers, Merchats of Paris), MEDALLE / DE CONFIANCE / DE DEUX SOLS A / ECHANGER CONTRE / DES ASSIGNATS DE / 50L ET AU DESSUS / 1791 (= Medal of Confidence of Two Sols, to be Exchanged for Assignats of 50 Livres or Above, 1791).

Edge: ⁕ BON POUR BORD MARSEI ⁕. LYON ROUEN ⁕ NANT ET STRASB (= Good for Bordeaux, Marseilles, Lyon, Rouen, Nantes and Strasbourg).

Although the Bastille was stormed in 1789, the coinage of Louis XVI continued to be struck until 1792, with a new constitutional coinage in copper or bell-metal, silver and gold commencing in 1791. Thar coinage circulated alongside the ancien régime pieces, but did little to alleviate the shortage of specie. A short-term solution was attempted by the introduction of the assignats, which were paper money backed by confiscated church properties and land. Produced in vast quantities, the assignats eventually depreciated to the point of worthlessness. The tokens of Frčres Monneron were issued in response to this situation.

The Monneron brothers, Jean-Louis (1742-1805), Pierre-Antoine (1747-1811), and Joseph-François-Augustin (1756-1824), were the sons of a Huguenot lawyer from Annonay, who made his fortune by buying the rights to receive the gabelle (salt tax) for the town of Annonay. By 1791, Joseph-François-Augustin obtained the right to strike copper token coinage. Production began in late 1791. However, in March 1792, Frčres Monneron went bankrupt and Pierre-Antoine fled. His Francois-Augustin resumed the business, but a law of enacted on May 3, 1792 prohibited the manufacture of private coins. These currencies of necessity circulated only until the end of 1793.

The tokens were designed by the greatest engraver of the revolutionary era, Augustin Dupré (1748-1833), who had made his name as a medalist, producing many medals commemorating the American Revolution before becoming the Engraver General of the French mints in 1791.
Stkp
France_Henri_III_and_Rene_de_Birague_AE39_Medallion.jpeg
France: Henri III and Rene de Birague28 viewsFrance: Henri III and Rene de Birague AE39 Medallion. Henri III and Rene de Birague AE39 medallion (bronze, 39mm), later restrike c. 1930. Laureate bust of King Henri III right. HENRICVS.III.D.G.FRANCOR.ET.POL.REX.1574/ Bare headed bust of Chancellor Rene de Birague right. RENATVS.BIRAGVS.FRANCIAE.CANCEL.1577. Ex Barry & Darling; ex areich. Photo credit areichPodiceps
france_expo.jpg
France: Universal Exposition 1789-188926 viewsFrance; Ć Medallion (33 mm) 1889, Universal Exposition. CentennialPodiceps
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Franklin Pierce, 1853 Indian Peace Medal30 viewsObv: FRANKLIN PIERCE, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, bare head of Franklin Pierce (14th President) facing left; 1853 below.

Rev: A settler and a Native American standing, facing each other before an American flag; "LABOR," "VIRTUE," and "HONOR" inscribed above within three oval-shaped links of chain-like scroll; field landscape in background.

Engravers: Salathiel Ellis (obverse), Joseph Willson (reverse).

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1853 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
Breslav_AR_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
FRIEDE FRIEDE, Medals of King Frederick II, the Great 1742,85 viewsFRIEDE FRIEDE, Medals of King Frederick II, the Great 1742,
Medals of King Frederick II, the Great 1742 Silver Medal, unsigned, GW Kittel, at the peace of Breslau.
avers:- FRIEDE FRIEDE ! / PUBLIC•IN BRESLAV/ D•27•IUN 11•, The winning interconnected arms of Prussia and Austria / Hungary, about dove with olive branch, in section two lines characters.
revers:- ES KOMT GOTT EN / WIR VNS VERSEHN / VND LAESSET VNS/ VIEL GVTS / GESCHEN•, Beaming triangle over five lines of text. The back inscription of the coin contains the year as a chronogram.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 32,5mm, weight:9,14g, axes:0h,
material: AR, mint: , artist: unsigned, GW Kittel , date:1742 A.D.,
ref: F. u. S. 4274; Old. 539 a; Pax in Nummis 525 var.,
Q-001
quadrans
normal_6190st.jpg
Gallienus, Siscia mint, 260-268 AD., Ć Antoninianus, unlisted.17 viewsGallienus, Siscia mint, officina 2, 260-268 AD.,
Ć Antoninianus (ř 19-20 mm / 4,53 g), bronze, axis medal alignment ↑↑ (ca. 0°),
Obv.: GALLIENVS AVG , his radiate head r., one ribbon behind, one forward over shoulder, typical Siscia portrait style.
Rev.: PROVI AVG / II , Providentia standing left, her r. holding baton pointing down at globe at foot, her left holding cornucopiae, officina symbol II in left field.
unlisted (would be Goebl system no. 1476A b) ; RIC V, I, p. 182, no. 580K var. (RIC lists no reverse mark II in left field) .

Thanks to Frank from Portimao confirming the reference
Arminius
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George Bancroft, 1964 NYU Hall of Fame Medal14 viewsMatt Inglima
Washington_1797_Medal.JPG
George Washington 1797 Medal32 viewsObv: G. WASHINGTON PRES. UNIT. STA. bust of George Washington facing right.

Rev: COMMISS. RESIGNED : PRESIDENCY RELINQ., a banner, sword, fasces, and laurel branch laid upon an altar decorated with a shield, 1797 in exergue.

Designer: John Reich

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1805 (20th Century restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 39.7 mm
Matt Inglima
01_Washington_Peace_Medal.JPG
George Washington, 1789 Indian Peace Medal31 viewsObv: GEORGE WASHINGTON PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, bust of Washington (1st President) facing right, 1789 below.

Rev: PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP, two clasped hands, crossed peace pipe and tomahawk above.

Note: Despite the fact that this medal uses a portrait of George Washington made in the 1780's by French engraver Pierre Duvivier, no peace medals of this type were distributed during his administration. This medal, with the Reich "Peace" reverse, was most likely produced in the 1820's as part of the U.S. Mint's Presidential series.

Engravers: Pierre Simon Duvivier (obverse), John Reich (reverse)

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1789 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
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George Washington, 1966 NYU Hall of Fame Medal38 viewsMatt Inglima
Washington_1860_Medal_Collection.JPG
George Washington, U.S. Mint Cabinet of Medals19 viewsObv: GEORGE WASHINGTON above, BORN FEB. 22 1732 * DIED DEC. 14, 1799 below; bust of George Washington facing right, within a circle.

Rev: WASHINGTON CABINET OF MEDALS, U. S. MINT above, INAUGURATED FEB. 22 1860 below; a pyramid shaped display of Washington medals surmounted with a bust, all within a circle.

Engraver: Anthony C. Paquet

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1860 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 59.7 mm
Matt Inglima
George_Westinghouse_1963_HOF_Medal.JPG
George Westinghouse, 1963 NYU Hall of Fame Medal13 viewsMatt Inglima
meddali.jpg
German Empire. Medal. 26 mm. Brass. 1871 - 187212 viewsGerman Empire. Medal. 26 mm. Brass. 1871 - 1872oneill6217
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German Medalist Christian Wermuth Roman Emperor Regilianus Medallion, c. 1700153 viewsGerman Medalist Christian Wermuth Roman Emperor Regilianus Medallion, c. 1700

German medalist Christian Wermuth (1661 - 1739) white metal medallion (32 mm), minted circa 1700. Portrait of Regilianus right. / 16 lines of text. One of a series of 80+ white metal medallions created by Wermuth of Roman emperors.

ex Barry & Darling
2 commentsareich
schmachtaler.jpg
German Misery and Ignominy Thaler16 viewssilvered bronze coin, 38.25mm, 19.41g, 0°
struck by L. Chr. Lauer, Nürnberg, 1923
design by Wittig-Friesen
obv. DEUTSCHER / NOT UND SCHMACH / TALER
broken sword
at lower border LAUER NÜRNBERG
rev. SCHWARZE SCHMACH UND KULTURSCHANDE AM RHEIN *
French colonial soldier hassles nude German woman with bayonet
below in small letters WITTIG-FRIESEN

Translation:
obv. German / misery and ignomony / thaler
rev. Black ignomony and cultural outrage on the Rhine

A racist propaganda medal against the French occupation of the Ruhr 1923
Jochen
notsure.jpg
German States Prussia. Odd. Possible reproduction. Sold as a medal. Wilhelm, 1796.106 viewsGerman States Prussia. Odd. Possible reproduction. Sold as a medal. Wilhelm, 1796. FREIDRICH WILHELM KONIG VON PARUSSEN, bust right / crowned eagle over date and mint-mark. 1796 A

most similar to KM 93, a gold coin. But the weight should be over 6 grams and my coin is about 3.5 grams.

Not sure.
oneill6217
medal3.jpg
German States. Medal33 viewsGerman States Medal 1882.

* ERINNERUNG AN NURNBERG * 1882, Crowned German arms / BAYR. LANDES GEWERBE JNDUSTRIE U. KUNSTAUSSTELLUNG * , Industrial Art Exhibition Building
oneill6217
Scheuch-1874iv.jpg
Germany, Third Reich: 1941 Meissen Porcelain Medal (Scheuch-1874iv)16 viewsObv: EINNAHME VON KRETAG - 20. MAI - 1. JUNI 1941; Relief map of Crete between swastika and fasces
Rev: SIEG DER FALLSCHIRMJÄGER-LUFTLANDETRUPPEN UND FLIEGER; Aircraft and parachutes landing

The scene portrays one of the greatest aerial invasions in history. Many historians argue that the delay of the Third Reich in Crete played an important role in the invasion of Russia as the heavy winter hindered their chances of conquest.
Quant.Geek
Scheuch-1878i.jpg
Germany, Third Reich: 1941 Meissen Porcelain Medal (Scheuch-1878i)17 viewsObv: ES KANN HIER NUR EINER SIEGEN UND DAS SIND WIR! (There can be only one Victor and it is us!), Luftwaffe above Schnellboot and Unterseeboot heading for Dover
Rev: EIN GLAUBE, EIN WILLE, EIN ZIEL, SIEG! (One Faith, One Will, One Goal, Victory!) around Nazi German arms, border and laurel in green, swastika in black enamel
Quant.Geek
Colbert_Hyder-C106.jpg
Germany, Third Reich: Anonymous (1938) AE Medal (Colbert/Hyder C106)23 viewsObv: Head of Adolf Hitler facing right
Rev: Three line German Legend - ZUR ERINNERUNG AN DIE HEIMKEHR INS REICH (In Remembrance of Homecoming to the Reich; To commemorate the return [of Austria] to the Reich)
Quant.Geek
Scheuch-1860i.jpg
Germany, Third Reich: Meissen Porcelain Medal (Scheuch-1860i)32 viewsSpongeBob
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Germany, Third Reich: Meissen Porcelain Medal (Scheuch-1866m)30 viewsSpongeBob
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Germany, Third Reich: Meissen Porcelain Medal (Scheuch-1868a)23 viewsSpongeBob
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Germany, Third Reich: Meissen Porcelain Medal (Scheuch-1871n)17 viewsSpongeBob
Scheuch-1873a.jpg
Germany, Third Reich: Meissen Porcelain Medal (Scheuch-1873a)33 viewsSpongeBob
Scheuch-1873n.jpg
Germany, Third Reich: Meissen Porcelain Medal (Scheuch-1873n)25 viewsSpongeBob
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Germany, Third Reich: Meissen Porcelain Medal (Scheuch-1876a)24 viewsSpongeBob
Scheuch-1877a.jpg
Germany, Third Reich: Meissen Porcelain Medal (Scheuch-1877a)28 viewsSpongeBob
Scheuch-1879n.jpg
Germany, Third Reich: Meissen Porcelain Medal (Scheuch-1879n)21 viewsSpongeBob
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Germany, Third Reich: Meissen Porcelain Medal (Scheuch-1882a)31 viewsSpongeBob
Scheuch-1861.jpg
Germany, Third Reich: Meissen Porcelain Medal, 1938 Annexation of the Sudetenland (Scheuch-1861)44 viewsObv: Map of Greater Germany with Sudetenland, Austria and East Prussia; German legend around - EIN VOLK, EIN REICH, EIN FÜHRER; (One People, One Empire, One Leader)
Rev: Handshake, above and below swastikas; German legend around - ZUR ERINNERUNG 1-10 OKTOBER 1938; (In Memory of 1-10 October 1938)
SpongeBob
Scheuch-1862w.jpg
Germany, Third Reich: Meissen Porcelain Medal, 1938 Annexation of the Sudetenland (Scheuch-1862w)42 viewsObv: Map of Greater Germany with Sudetenland, Austria and East Prussia; German legend around - SUDETENBEFREIUNG 1-10 OKTOBER 1938; (Liberation of Sudetenland, 1-10 October 1938)
Rev: Handshake, above and below swastikas; German legend around - EIN VOLK, EIN REICH, EIN FÜHRER; (One People, One Empire, One Leader)
SpongeBob
Scheuch-1869var.jpg
Germany, Third Reich: Meissen Porcelain Medal, 1940 Invasion of France and Benelux (Scheuch-1869var)33 viewsObv: Eagle standing left on pedestal, which bears inscription WIEDER ZUVORGEKOMMEN (We are coming again); around, ZUR ERINNERUNG AN DE 10. MAI 1940 (In memory of 10 May 1940)
Rev: Norse ship, sailing left, with swastika on the mainsail; around, DENN WIR FAHREN GEGEN ENGELLAND (Then we will sail against England)
SpongeBob
Scheuch-1879v.jpg
Germany, Third Reich: Meissen Porcelain Medal, 1941 Campaign in Africa (Scheuch-1879v)32 viewsObv: Panzer facing left in the desert
Rev: Helmet on sword and oak leaves
SpongeBob
Scheuch-1881a.jpg
Germany, Third Reich: Meissen Porcelain Medal, Japanese Victory over Singapore (Scheuch-1881a)36 viewsObv: Lion facing left beneath a coconut tree; German legend around EINNAHME VON SINGAPORE . 11 FEBRUARY 1942 (The Capture of Singapore - 11 Febrary 1942)
Rev: Wreath circling a Japanese battle flag; German legend around GROSSOSTASIEN VON FREMDHERRCHAFT BEFREIT (Greater East Asia Freed of Foreign Dominion)
SpongeBob
Scheuch-1867.jpg
Germany, Third Reich: Meissen Zinc Medal, 1940 Invasion of Norway (Scheuch-1867)18 viewsObv: Eagle standing left on pedestal, which bears inscription UM ZEHN STUNDEN ZUVOR-GEKOMMEN; around, ZUR ERINNERUNG AN DEN FELDZUG IN NORWEGEN; 9.APRIL 1940 in field
Rev: Norse ship, sailing left, with swastika on the mainsail; around, DENN WIR FAHREN GEGEN ENGELLAND (Then we will sail against England)
Quant.Geek
gord2~0.jpg
GORDIAN III102 viewsAE medallion. 238-244 AD. 35.52 gr. Anchialos. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the front, head left, holding spear and shield, eagle with spread wings on the shield . AVT K M ANT AVΓ ΓOPΔIANOC / Hercules nude , lion skin over head and streaming behind him, kneeling left on back of the fallen Ceryneian Hind, grasping her antlers with both hands; club lying on the ground behind the captured beast. OVΛΠIANΩN AΓXIAΛEΩN. AMNG 622.
Gemini III. Lot 433. Harlan J.Berk B.or B. 153 Lot 442
4 commentsbenito
00gordherc3.jpg
GORDIAN III153 viewsAE medallion. 238-244 AD. 35.52 gr. Anchialos. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the front, head left, holding spear and shield, eagle with spread wings on the shield . AVT K M ANT AVΓ ΓOPΔIANOC / Hercules nude , lion skin over head and streaming behind him, kneeling left on back of the fallen Ceryneian Hind, grasping her antlers with both hands; club lying on the ground behind the captured beast. OVΛΠIANΩN AΓXIAΛEΩN. AMNG 622.
3 commentsbenito
gordianmedallion.jpg
GORDIAN III30 viewsAE 34. Antioquia (Pisidia) 238-244 AD. 21,57 grs. Laureate,draped and cuirassed bust right seen from behind. IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS
AVG / Gordian right on horseback, hurling spear at speared lion below, advancing left. CAES ANTIOCH COL. SR to left.
SNG France 1234.
benito
gordianmedallion~0.jpg
GORDIAN III40 viewsAE 34. Antioquia (Pisidia) 238-244 AD. 21,57 grs. Laureate,draped and cuirassed bust right seen from behind. IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS
AVG / Gordian right on horseback, hurling spear at speared lion below, advancing left. CAES ANTIOCH COL. SR to left.
SNG France 1234.
benito
gordian_III_01.jpg
Gordian III Medallion from Tarsos47 viewsObv: AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC CEB PP - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, holding spear and shield decorated with aegis.
Rev: TAPCOV MHTROPOLEWC - Gordian, radiate, on horseback right, casting javelin at lion leaping right; A/M/K and B-G in fields.
Cat #: SNG Levante 1132/3
oa
GAR_Memorial_Medal.jpg
Grand Army of the Republic Memorial Day Badge32 viewsMatt Inglima
James_Cook_Memorial_Medal_by_Pingo_1784.jpg
Great Britain, Captain James Cook Medal (Ć) by Lewis Pingo for the Royal Society 178411 viewsLeft-facing bust of Captain James Cook (1728-1779) in his naval uniform. IAC. COOK OCEANI INVESTIGATOR ACERRIMVS (James Cook the most intrepid investigator of the seas) around the border. REG. SOC.LOND. / SOCIO. SVO (The Royal Society London, to its Fellow) below; signed L.P.F. (Lewis Pingo fecit) beneath the truncation of the shoulder.

The personified figure of Fortune leaning against a rostral column, holding a rudder resting on a globe; shield bearing Union Jack leaning against rostra column. NIL INTENTATVM NOSTRI LIQUERE (Our men have left nothing unattempted) around the border. In exergue AUSPICIIS / GEORGII / III (Under the auspices of George III).

MH 374; BHM 258; Betts 553; Eimar 780.

(43 mm, 12h).

On 14 February 1779, the world’s greatest navigator and maritime explorer, Captain James Cook (1728-1779), was killed in a skirmish with the Hawaiian inhabitants at Kealakekua Bay, on the big island. News of his death took almost a year to reach England. On receiving the news, the Chairman of the Royal Society, Sir Joseph Banks, sought designs for a medal to celebrate Cook’s achievements. Many artisans submitted ideas for consideration. However, it was the design of the chief engraver of the London Mint, Lewis Pingo (1743-1830) that won the sanction of the Royal Society. Work on the dies commenced on 15 June 1780 although it was to be more than three years before Sir Joseph Banks announced that the engraving was complete in November 1783. The medal was struck the following year in gold (22 copies), silver (322 copies) and bronze (577 copies). The bronze strikes were distributed free to the Fellows of the Royal Society, while gold and silver were by subscription only, with several of the gold medals reserved for dignitaries, including the King George III and James Cook’s widow Elizabeth.

The portrayal of Cook on the medal is derived from the famous portrait by Nathaniel Dance. The accompanying Latin legend translates to ‘James Cook the most intrepid explorer of the seas.' The reverse celebrates Cook's journeys, with the image of Fortune holding a rudder over the globe and a motto in Latin, which translated reads 'Our men have left nothing unattempted'.
n.igma
1427LG.jpg
Greek decorated guttus (oil lamp filler)69 viewsGuttus in orange terracotta with black glaze and central medallion showing a facing head, probably Apollo.

275-225 B.C. Apulian. Greek colonies of S. Italy. Maximum diameter 11.08 cms (4.37 inches).

Glaze retouched on the central medallion but intact.

Ex London trade in 2007.

Ex Lodge Antiquities

3 commentsPhiloromaos
Graeco-Baktrian_Kings,_Eukratides_I,_Silver_Tetradrachm,_34_mm,_16_89g~0.jpg
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides Megas - Tetradrachm170 viewsObv: Within a circular bead-and-reel border, Diademed and draped bust right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull's horn and ear.

Rev: Dioskouroi on rearing horses right, holding palm fronds and spears; monogram in lower right field, Greek semi-circular legend on top "BAΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOY" and at bottom "EYKPATIΔOY" meaning '(of) Great King Eucratides'.

Bopearachchi 6W, SNG ANS 469-471

The helmeted Eucratides tetradrachm is one of the most popular and sought-after coins of the Bactrian series. Certainly it boasts one of the best Hellenistic portrait of all times. Eukratides also minted the largest known Gold Coin of Antiquity, a massive 20 Stater coin weighing 169.2g with a huge flan size of 58mm. Perhaps it was a commemorative victory medal to celebrate Eucratides's conquest of "India," presumably some land south of the Hindu Kush, perhaps Gandhara.
4 commentsmitresh
normal_Williams_394~0.jpg
Greek, Italy, LUCANIA, Velia. Circa 300-280 BC. AR Nomos42 views22mm, 7.46 g, 11h
Philistion Group. Helmeted head of Athena right, griffin on bowl / Lion standing right; die erasure below. Williams 394 (O197/R278); HN Italy 1301; SNG ANS 1397; SNG Ashmolean 1392; BMC 110; McClean 1470 (all from the same dies). VF, toned.
Ex Seaby Coin & Medal Bulletin 818 (March 1987), no. B34.
3 commentsLeo
Byblos,_450_-_410_BC_Sphinx.jpg
GREEK, Phoenicia, Byblos mint. c. 450 - 410 B.C. 21 viewsPhoenicia, Byblos mint. c. 450 - 410 B.C. Silver medallion, 0.469g, 8.0mm, F/Fair. Obv: Sphinx seated left, wearing double crown of Egypt. Rev: lightning bolt of Baal Hadad (or double lotus) in dotted circle within incuse square. Ref: Betlyon 4; SNG Cop Supp. 1208 corr. (denomination). Very rareBard Gram O
22-24_Grover_Cleveland_Peace_Medal.JPG
Grover Cleveland, 1885 Indian Peace Medal32 viewsObv: GROVER CLEVELAND PRESIDENT, bust of Grover Cleveland (22nd and 24th President) facing right; U. S. A. 1885 below.

Rev: PEACE within a sunburst, above; scene of a farmer showing a Native American chief the benefit of civilization; in exergue: crossed peace pipe and tomahawk, encircled by laurel wreath.

Engravers: Charles E. Barber (obverse), George Morgan (reverse)

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1885 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 59 x 76 mm
Matt Inglima
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Grover Cleveland, 1966 NYU Hall of Fame Medal26 viewsMatt Inglima
Guttag_1926_IPE.JPG
Guttag Bros. Store Card Medal26 viewsObv: INTERNATIONAL PHILATELIC EXHIBITION, busts of Abraham Lincoln and George Washington, facing each other, resting on branches of laurel and oak; NEW YORK 1926 below.

Rev: GUTTAG BROS. COINS - SEND FOR SELLING LIST - NEW YORK

Designer/Engraver: Jonathan M. Swanson

Mint: Medallic Art Company, Date: 1926, Diameter 29.64 mm
Matt Inglima
Guttag_1923_CW.JPG
Guttag Bros. Store Card Medal19 viewsObv: An allegorical scene of a muse holding the Lamp of Knowledge above a youth who is studying a coin; COIN WEEK ORIGINATED 1923, in exergue.

Rev: GUTTAG BROS. NEW YORK - RARE COINS BOUGHT AND SOLD.

Designer/Engraver: Jonathan M. Swanson

Mint: Medallic Art Company, Date: c. 1926, Diameter 29.67 mm
Matt Inglima
HADRIAN-BRITANICUS~2.jpg
HADRIANVS BRITANNICUS946 viewsSestertius of Hadrian, AD 122. EXERC BRITANNICVS SC ("For the army of Britain, by order of the Senate") RIC 913.
The reverse shows Hadrian addressing the troops in England, standing on a low plinth, clearly showing the Roman soldiers with their standards.
Coin currently in the British Museum Department of Coins and Medals (gallery 49, case 14).
Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS 111 PP ("Hadrian Augustus, three times consul, father of his country")
5 commentsPetitioncrown
Henry_David_Thoreau_1963_NYU_Hall_of_Fame.JPG
Henry David Thoreau, 1963 NYU Hall of Fame Medal25 viewsMatt Inglima
gord2~1.jpg
Hercules292 viewsThis medallion of Gordian III represents the third labour of Hercules. This labour was to capture the Hind of Cerynaea, the hind was known as Cerynitis. Eurystheus bestowed this task upon Heracles knowing full well that the animal was the sacred property of Artemis, that meant he would be committing impiety against the goddess. Artemis found a small herd of five while out hunting, she captured four to harness to her chariot, but the fifth escaped to Mount Cerynaea which borders Arcadia and Achaea. The animal was larger than a bull, brazen-hoofed also with huge golden horns or antlers of a stag.
With the hind being swift of foot it took Heracles a whole year to get close to the creature. He tracked the hind through Greece and into Thrace, (in some versions it says the chase took Heracles as far as Istria and the northern lands of the Hyperboreans). Never daunted by the long chase, Heracles was waiting for the hind to tire, this was not to be, and the hind seemed to have plenty of stamina and agility left.
Heracles knew he must disable the creature in some way, then by chance the hind stopped to drink at a river. Taking an arrow and removing the blood of the Hydra from the tip, Heracles took aim and hit the hind in the leg, making it lame, this made catching the creature much easier. Heracles bound the wound and then set off on his long journey home. On the way to the palace of Eurystheus he was met by the goddess Artemis and her twin brother Apollo. On seeing the Ceryneian Hind, the huntress accused Heracles of sacrilege. Heracles pleaded with them, saying it was a necessity to return the sacred hind to the court of king Eurystheus, as he was bound by the labor imposed on him. Artemis granted Heracles forgiveness and he was allowed to carry the hind alive to the palace.
Upon bringing the hind to Eurystheus, he was told that it was to become part of the King's menagerie. Heracles knew that he had to return the hind as he had promised, so he agreed to hand it over on the condition that Eurystheus himself come out and take it from him. The King came out, but the moment Heracles let the hind go, it sprinted back to its mistress, and Heracles left saying that Eurystheus had not been quick enough

5 commentsbenito
Horace_Mann_HOF_Medal.JPG
Horace Mann, 1970 NYU Hall of Fame Medal13 viewsObv: HALL OF FAME FOR GREAT AMERICANS AN NEW YORK UNIVERSITY - HORACE MANN - 1796 - 1859, bust of Horace Mann.

Rev: DOCENDO DISCIMUS "We learn by teaching", A man tying a young tree to a stake so that it will grow straight; a depiction of the maxim "As the twig is bent, so grows the tree.

Designer: C. Paul Jennewein, Mint: Medallic Art Company

Bronze, 44.5 mm
Matt Inglima
medaillen_artemis_07_fac.jpg
Hörnlein, Artemis13 viewsBronze Medal 1930
by Friedrich Wilhelm Hörnlein, (1873 – 1945)
Obv: Artemis/Diana with bow and quiver, roe behind, signed Hörnlein
Rev: EHRENMÜNZE v. HUBERUS SCHIESSKINO, G. ROEDER, DRESDEB, MOSENSTR, Filmstrip with fox head, iPA LEIPZIG 1930
340 pieces made
Ref.: Arnold 245
shanxi
Ferencz-Jósef-Erszébet-Koronáztatva-Budapesten-1867-Sn-Medal-s.jpg
I. Ferencz József and Erzsébet Crowning Medal, Sn, 1867, Budapest, 111 viewsI. Ferencz József and Erzsébet Crowning Medal, Sn, 1867, Budapest,
avers: - "I.FERENCZ JÓSEF - ERZSÉBET KORONÁZTATVA. BUDA-PESTEN.1867", I. Ferencz József and Erzsébet head right, under a shoulder "C.RADNITZKY".
revers: - "MEGUJULT.FÉNYNYEL.RAGYOG.SZENT.MÉLTÓSÁGÁBAN", Hungarian crown in the middle, around beams.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 65mm, weight:9,14g, axes:0h,
material: Sn, mint: Budapest, artist: C. RADNITZKY , date:1867 A.D.,
ref: BUE 29,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Kashmiri_Quran_Manuscript_A001.JPG
Illuminated Kashmiri Qur'an, 19th Century8 viewsA leaf from a Qur'an, Kashmir, 19th Century, Manuscripts on gold sprinkled paper, with fourteen lines of black Naskh script within gold rules, illuminated marginal medallions, Sura headings in white within gold panels (240 x 145 mm. or 9.45" x 5.7")SpongeBob
Qajar_Quran_Manuscript_A002.JPG
Illuminated Qur'an Manuscript: Early Qajar Persia (AH 1224/1809-10 AD) Anonymous Scribe7 viewsAn Illuminated manuscript leaf from a large Koran on polish ivory paper measuring 310x190 mm with twelve lines of black naskh script between gold rules, gold roundels between verses, Sura headings in red on gold panels with polychrome floral spandrels, red Persian interlinear translation, extensive marginal commentary within gold clouds, elsewhere in the form of Cyprus trees and finial shapes and magnificent medallions in gold in filled with polychrome. SpongeBob
Qajar_Quran_Manuscript_A001.JPG
Illuminated Qur'an Manuscript: Early Qajar Persia (AH 1224/1809-10 AD) Anonymous Scribe19 viewsAn Illuminated manuscript leaf from a large Koran on polish ivory paper measuring 310x190 mm with twelve lines of black naskh script between gold rules, gold roundels between verses, Sura headings in red on gold panels with polychrome floral spandrels, red Persian interlinear translation, extensive marginal commentary within gold clouds, elsewhere in the form of Cyprus trees and finial shapes and magnificent medallions in gold in filled with polychrome. SpongeBob
Qajar_Quran_Manuscript_A003.JPG
Illuminated Qur'an Manuscript: Early Qajar Persia (AH 1224/1809-10 AD) Anonymous Scribe11 viewsAn Illuminated manuscript leaf from a large Koran on polish ivory paper measuring 310x190 mm with twelve lines of black naskh script between gold rules, gold roundels between verses, Sura headings in red on gold panels with polychrome floral spandrels, red Persian interlinear translation, extensive marginal commentary within gold clouds, elsewhere in the form of Cyprus trees and finial shapes and magnificent medallions in gold in filled with polychrome.
SpongeBob
Qajar_Quran_Manuscript_A004.JPG
Illuminated Qur'an Manuscript: Early Qajar Persia (AH 1224/1809-10 AD) Anonymous Scribe13 viewsAn Illuminated manuscript leaf from a large Koran on polish ivory paper measuring 310x190 mm with twelve lines of black naskh script between gold rules, gold roundels between verses, Sura headings in red on gold panels with polychrome floral spandrels, red Persian interlinear translation, extensive marginal commentary within gold clouds, elsewhere in the form of Cyprus trees and finial shapes and magnificent medallions in gold in filled with polychrome. SpongeBob
Qajar_Quran_Manuscript_B003.JPG
Illuminated Qur'an Manuscript: Early Qajar Persia (AH 1263/1846-47 AD), Scribed by Muhammad 'Ali ibn Muhammad Baqir4 viewsA leaf from a large Koran, Qajar Iran, AH 1263 (1846-7 AD) on fine paper (345 x 200 mm.) There are fifteen lines of black naskh script, gold rosettes between verses, sura headings in red on illuminated panels, large polychrome medallions in borders, borders ruled in gold, red Persian interlinear translation, colophon signed by the scribe Muhammad 'Ali ibn Muhammad Baqir, Persian translation dated 1263.

Passages from Surah Al-Infitar (The Cleaving) Verses 82:2 to 82:19 and Surah Al-Mutaffifin (The Defrauding) Verses 83:1 onward...
SpongeBob
Qajar_Quran_Manuscript_B002.JPG
Illuminated Qur'an Manuscript: Early Qajar Persia (AH 1263/1846-47 AD), Scribed by Muhammad 'Ali ibn Muhammad Baqir2 viewsA leaf from a large Koran, Qajar Iran, AH 1263 (1846-7 AD) on fine paper (345 x 200 mm.) There are fifteen lines of black naskh script, gold rosettes between verses, sura headings in red on illuminated panels, large polychrome medallions in borders, borders ruled in gold, red Persian interlinear translation, colophon signed by the scribe Muhammad 'Ali ibn Muhammad Baqir, Persian translation dated 1263.

Passages from the Surah Az-Zukhruf (The Ornaments of Gold). Verses 43:23 onward...
SpongeBob
Qajar_Quran_Manuscript_B001.JPG
Illuminated Qur'an Manuscript: Early Qajar Persia (AH 1263/1846-47 AD), Scribed by Muhammad 'Ali ibn Muhammad Baqir10 viewsA leaf from a large Koran, Qajar Iran, AH 1263 (1846-7 AD) on fine paper (345 x 200 mm.) There are fifteen lines of black naskh script, gold rosettes between verses, sura headings in red on illuminated panels, large polychrome medallions in borders, borders ruled in gold, red Persian interlinear translation, colophon signed by the scribe Muhammad 'Ali ibn Muhammad Baqir, Persian translation dated 1263.

Passages from the Surah Az-Zukhruf (The Ornaments of Gold). Verses 43:23 onward...



SpongeBob
Safavid_Quran_Manuscript_A001.JPG
Illuminated Qur'an Manuscript: Safavid Persia (ca. 1575 AD) Anonymous Scribe11 viewsA leaf from an illuminated Safavid Koran, Persia, circa 1575 A.D., Arabic manuscript on paper, (155 x 90 mm.) There are twelve lines of text to the page in black strong hand of Naskhi script with full vowels and diacritical signs, gold ruled borders, sura headings in white ornamental ruja' script on a gold ground within illuminated panels, blue centered gold roundels mark the 5th and 10th verses and marginal annotations in gold and red and poly-chromed marginal medallions. Verso: twelve lines of text to the page in black strong hand of Naskhi script with full vowels and diacritical signs, gold ruled borders, sura headings in white ornamental ruja' script on a gold ground within illuminated panels, blue centered gold roundels mark the 5th and 10th verses and marginal annotations in gold and red and poly-chromed marginal medallions.
SpongeBob
lg2_quart_sm.jpg
IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG / P M S COL VIM / Ӕ30 (239-240 AD)18 viewsIMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / P M S CO - L VIM, personification of Moesia standing facing, head left, arms outstretched over a lion (right) and a bull (left). AN • I • in exergue.

Ӕ, 29-30+mm, 16.75g, die axis 1h (slightly turned medal alignment), material: looks like red copper.

IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG = Imperator Caesar Marcus Antonius Gordianus Augustus, P M S COL VIM = Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium = Colony of Viminacium, in the province of Upper Moesia, AN•I• = the first year. 238 AD was the infamous "year of the 6 emperors", so 239-240 was the first sole ruling year of Gordian III. The bull is the symbol of Legio VII Claudia, based in the capital of Moesia Superior, Viminacium itself, and the lion is the symbol of Legio IV Flavia Felix based in another city of Moesia Superior, Singidunum (modern Belgrade). Due to size this is most probably a sestertius, but large dupondius is another possibility, since it is clearly made of red copper and sestertii were typically made of expensive "gold-like" orichalcum, a kind of brass (but in this time of civil strife they could have used a cheaper replacement). Literature fails to clearly identify the denomination of this type.

A straightforward ID due to size and clear legends, this is AMNG 71; Martin 1.01.1 minted in Viminacium, Moesia Superior (Kostolac, Serbia).

Gordian III was Roman Emperor from 238 AD to 244 AD. At the age of 13, he became the youngest sole legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the united Roman Empire. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unnamed Roman Senator who died before 238. Antonia Gordiana was the daughter of Emperor Gordian I and younger sister of Emperor Gordian II. Very little is known of his early life before his acclamation. Gordian had assumed the name of his maternal grandfather in 238 AD.

In 235, following the murder of Emperor Alexander Severus, Maximinus Thrax was acclaimed Emperor. In the following years, there was a growing opposition against Maximinus in the Roman senate and amongst the majority of the population of Rome. In 238 (to become infamous as "the year of six emperors") a rebellion broke out in the Africa Province, where Gordian's grandfather and uncle, Gordian I and II, were proclaimed joint emperors. This revolt was suppressed within a month by Cappellianus, governor of Numidia and a loyal supporter of Maximinus Thrax. The elder Gordians died, but public opinion cherished their memory as peace-loving and literate men, victims of Maximinus' oppression.

Meanwhile, Maximinus was on the verge of marching on Rome and the Senate elected Pupienus and Balbinus as joint emperors. These senators were not popular and the population of Rome was still shocked by the elder Gordians' fate, so the Senate decided to take the teenage Gordian, rename him Marcus Antonius Gordianus like his grandfather, and raise him to the rank of Caesar and imperial heir. Pupienus and Balbinus defeated Maximinus, mainly due to the defection of several legions, particularly the II Parthica, who assassinated Maximinus. However, their joint reign was doomed from the start with popular riots, military discontent and an enormous fire that consumed Rome in June 238. On July 29, Pupienus and Balbinus were killed by the Praetorian Guard and Gordian proclaimed sole emperor.

Due to Gordian's age, the imperial government was surrendered to the aristocratic families, who controlled the affairs of Rome through the Senate. In 240, Sabinianus revolted in the African province, but the situation was quickly brought under control. In 241, Gordian was married to Furia Sabinia Tranquillina, daughter of the newly appointed praetorian prefect, Timesitheus. As chief of the Praetorian Guard and father in law of the Emperor, Timesitheus quickly became the de facto ruler of the Roman Empire.

In the 3rd century, the Roman frontiers weakened against the Germanic tribes across the Rhine and Danube, and the Sassanid Empire across the Euphrates increased its own attacks. When the Persians under Shapur I invaded Mesopotamia, the young emperor opened the doors of the Temple of Janus for the last time in Roman history, and sent a large army to the East. The Sassanids were driven back over the Euphrates and defeated in the Battle of Resaena (243). The campaign was a success and Gordian, who had joined the army, was planning an invasion of the enemy's territory, when his father-in-law died in unclear circumstances. Without Timesitheus, the campaign, and the Emperor's security, were at risk.

Gaius Julius Priscus and, later on, his own brother Marcus Julius Philippus, also known as Philip the Arab, stepped in at this moment as the new Praetorian Prefects and the campaign proceeded. Around February 244, the Persians fought back fiercely to halt the Roman advance to Ctesiphon. Persian sources claim that a battle occurred (Battle of Misiche) near modern Fallujah (Iraq) and resulted in a major Roman defeat and the death of Gordian III. Roman sources do not mention this battle and suggest that Gordian died far away from Misiche, at Zaitha (Qalat es Salihiyah) in northern Mesopotamia. Modern scholarship does not unanimously accept this course of the events. One view holds that Gordian died at Zaitha, murdered by his frustrated army, while the role of Philip is unknown. Other scholars have concluded that Gordian died in battle against the Sassanids.
Philip transferred the body of the deceased emperor to Rome and arranged for his deification. Gordian's youth and good nature, along with the deaths of his grandfather and uncle and his own tragic fate at the hands of the enemy, earned him the lasting esteem of the Romans.
Yurii P
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India. Unkown Medal. Help !!!! 20 viewsThanksoneill6217
IMGP0382Paktdrcombo.jpg
Indo-Parthians: Pakoros, mid to late 1st cent. AD, Gondopharid Dynasty29 viewsAE unit, 10,26gr, 26mm;
Senior 269 1aT
mint: unknown in Arachiosa, axis: 13h;
obv.: bust, left, w/diadem and 2 ribbons linked at end; large tuft of top hair, large bunch of curls in back of neck, mustache, med.-long beard; 2-stand necklace w/center medallion; padded (?) shoulder armor; around rim Greek legend: BAΣIΛE ... rest barely legible;
rev: winged Nike, standing right, holding out diadem; ‘gi’ in Karoshti to left, ‘pu’ to right; around rim Karoshti legend;
black surfaces on both sides;

ex: CNG e-Auction 409, # 358; ex: Dr. Wilfried Pieper Collection.
1 commentsSchatz
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James A. Garfield 1881 Indian Peace Medal29 viewsObv: JAMES A. GARFIELD PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES 1881, bust of President Garfield (20th President) facing left.

Rev: PEACE within a sunburst, above; scene of a farmer showing a Native American chief the benefit of civilization; in exergue: crossed peace pipe and tomahawk, encircled by laurel wreath.

Engravers: Charles E. Barber (obverse), George Morgan (reverse)

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1881 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 59 x 76 mm
Matt Inglima
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James Buchanan, 1857 Indian Peace Medal36 viewsObv: JAMES BUCHANAN, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, bust of James Buchanan (15th President) facing right, 1857 below.

Rev: A settler and a Native American standing, facing each other before an American flag; "LABOR," "VIRTUE," and "HONOR" inscribed above within three oval-shaped links of chain-like scroll; field landscape in background.

Engravers: Salathiel Ellis (obverse), Joseph Willson (reverse).

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1857 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
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James Fenimore Cooper, 1963 NYU Hall of Fame Medal20 viewsMatt Inglima
James_Garfield_1880_Medal.JPG
James Garfield 1880 Campaign Medal27 viewsObv: JAMES A. GARFIELD, bust of Garfield facing left.

Rev: Above, a representation of the White House, center, a scene depicting a boy on horseback towing a boat in a canal; CANAL BOY 1845, PRESIDENT 1881 in exergue.

Note: This medal was produced for Garfield's Presidential campaign. It was holed for suspension.

Diameter: 25 mm

DeWitt JG 1880-8 (brass)
Matt Inglima
11_James_Polk_Peace_Medal.JPG
James K. Polk, 1845 Indian Peace Medal27 viewsObv: JAMES K POLK PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, draped bust of Polk (11th President) facing left, 1845 below.

Rev: PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP, two clasped hands, crossed peace pipe and tomahawk above.

Engravers: John Chapman (obverse), John Reich (reverse)

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1845 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
04_James_Madison.JPG
James Madison, 1809 Indian Peace Medal27 viewsObv: JAMES MADISON PRESIDENT OF THE U.S. A.D. 1809, draped bust of James Madison (4th President), facing left.

Rev: PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP, two clasped hands, crossed peace pipe and tomahawk above.

Designer: John Reich

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1809 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
05_James_Monroe.JPG
James Monroe, 1817 Indian Peace Medal29 viewsObv: JAMES MONROE PRESIDENT OF THE U.S. A.D. 1817, draped bust of James Monroe (5th President) facing right.

Rev: PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP, two clasped hands, crossed peace pipe and tomahawk above.

Engravers: Mortiz Furst (obverse), John Reich (reverse)

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1817 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
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Jean Warin, Master of all Arts. 1684.232 viewsObv: Bust of Jean Warin IEAN. VARIN. CONER. DESTAT. INTEND. GL. D. BATS. E. D. MOES. D.F
Rev: Medallic Art flanked by Painting and Sculpture. The center figure, representing Medal Making, is holding a portrait medal of Warin. .VNE. SEVLE. SVFF ISOIT. POVR. LE. RENDRE. IMMORTAL. (A Single One Would Have Sufficed to Render Him Immortal)
in ex MDCLXXXIIII
Signed: DVFOVR

Jean Warin was born at Liege about 1604 and died in Paris in 1672. He is considered to be one of the foremost medallists of France and the best French Engraver of coin-dies of the seventeenth century. Of the many medals attributed to him, most were engraved and struck although some were cast. Besides medal making Jean Warin had a variety of other interests. He distinguished himself somewhat as a painter but most particularly as a sculptor, even rivaling the great Italian sculptor Bernini. He also experimented in medal making capacity of machinery and helped develop an improved method for coin making. In fact, his fame was established more for his other artistic endeavors than for those as a medallist.

Jean Warin led a somewhat checkered personal life. He seduced the wife of one of his compatriots and was accused at one point of forging coins, for which he was sentenced to banishment for five years. Fortunately for him he had cultivated a champion in Cardinal Richelieu, who, so as not to lose the skill of this great artist, intervened on his behalf, resulting in a pardon.

Jean Warin occupies a pivotal place in the history of medallic art. He took the techniques developed during the Italian renaissance and by mastering the machinery at the Monnaie du Moulin, transformed the art to serve the state. His influence extended not only in France but throughout all of Northern Europe, well into the eighteenth century.
LordBest
JCT_Jewish_Charities_of_Chicago__Emil_G__Hirsch.JPG
Jewish Charities of Chicago (Chicago, Illinois)63 viewsAE token,33 mm., 23.185 gr., dated 1923.

Obv: THE UNITED DRIVE FOR $2.500,000.00 and 1923 around rim, IF YOU WON’T / WHO WILL in center, to sides of question mark.

Rev: אשרי משכיל and אל דל [If you won’t, who will? alluding to Hillel’s famous saying from Pirkei Avot 1:14] around rim, signature of Emil G. Hirsch in center.

Ref: Levy, Gil. “Emil G. Hirsch Contribution Medal.” The Shekel, XXX No. 2 (March to April 1997), pp. 13-15;ANS Database 2000.1.41.

Note: Dr. Emil G. Hirsch was the rabbi of Sinai Congregation in Chicago from 1880 until his death in 1923, the organizer of the Associated Jewish Charities (of Chicago) in 1900, the founder and editor of the Reform Advocate in 1891, Professor of Rabbinical Philosophy and Literature at the University of Chicago, and was involved in numerous other charitable, ecumenical and academic endeavors. He died on January 7, 1923.

Note: In 1922 the Associated Jewish Charities (of Chicago) and the Federated Jewish Charities (of Chicago) merged into the Jewish Charities of Chicago, which organization came into existence on January 1, 1923. The AJC had typically raised $1 million a year and the FJC had typically raised $250,000 a year. A Committee for $2,500,000 was launched on May 6, 1923, to raise funds for the Michael Reese Hospital, the Mount Sinai Hospital, and the Jewish People’s Institute, and the fund drive was dedicated to the memory of Dr. Hirsch. When the drive concluded on May 31, 1923, it had raised over $2,750,000.
Stkp
02_John_Adams_Peace_Medal.JPG
John Adams, 1797 Indian Peace Medal32 viewsObv: JOHN ADAMS PRESIDENT OF THE U. S., bust of John Adams (2nd President) facing right, A. D. 1797 below.

Rev: PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP, two clasped hands, crossed peace pipe and tomahawk above.

Note: The John Adams medal was likely produced in the 1820's as part of the Mint's Presidential series. Even though it used the "Peace" reverse, it was never issued for that purpose.

Engravers: Mortiz Furst (obverse), John Reich (reverse)

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1797 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
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John Adams, 1971 NYU Hall of Fame Medal27 viewsMatt Inglima
John_Greenleaf_Whittier_1966_NYU_Hall_of_Fame.JPG
John Greenleaf Whittier, 1966 NYU Hall of Fame Medal11 viewsMatt Inglima
john_I_s1792.jpg
John I Tzimisces, miliaresion; Sear 17929 viewsJohn I Tzimisces 969-976, Constantinople, 2.14g, AR miliaresion. Cross crosslet on globe above two steps, bust of John in small medallion in center / IWANN' / EN XW AVEO / CRAT' EVSEb' / bASILEVS RWMAIW' in 5 lines. Sear 1792. Podiceps
John_Motley_1970_HOF_Medal.JPG
John Lothrop Motley, 1970 NYU Hall of Fame Medal11 viewsMatt Inglima
John_Paul_Jones_1968_NYU_Hall_of_Fame.JPG
John Paul Jones, 1968 NYU Hall of Fame Medal28 viewsMatt Inglima
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John Quincy Adams, 1825 Indian Peace Medal29 viewsObv: JOHN QUINCY ADAMS PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, draped bust of John Q. Adams (6th President), facing right; 1825 below.

Rev: PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP, two clasped hands, crossed peace pipe and tomahawk above.

Engravers: Mortiz Furst (obverse), John Reich (reverse)

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1825 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
John_Tyler_Peace_Medal.JPG
John Tyler, 1841 Indian Peace Medal23 viewsObv: JOHN TYLER, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, draped bust of John Tyler (10th President) facing left, 1841 below.

Rev: PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP, two clasped hands, crossed peace pipe and tomahawk above.

Engravers: Ferdinand Pettrich (obverse), John Reich (reverse).

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1841 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
Joseph-I_AR_Q-002_h_mm_g-s.jpg
JÓZSEF I. (Joseph I. Habsburg) (1705-1711A.D.) AR-Medal,66 viewsJÓZSEF I. (Joseph I. Habsburg) (1705-1711A.D.) AR-Medal,
avers:- IOSEPH IM NAHMEN UND ERBRECHT DER ERSTE•, •I•K• behind the bust,
revers:- DIR UND DEINEM SAMEN NACHDIR•,
exerg: -/-//DEN 9 DEC •1687•, diameter: 34mm, weight:14,87g, axes:0h,
material: AR, mint: , artist: , date: A.D.,
ref:
Q-001
quadrans
Joseph-I_AR_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
JÓZSEF I. (Joseph I. Habsburg) (1705-1711A.D.) AR-Medal,66 viewsJÓZSEF I. (Joseph I. Habsburg) (1705-1711A.D.) AR-Medal,
At the coronation Joseph I., King of Hungary.
avers:- IOSEPH DER I• KÖNIG IN HVNGARN•, Bust of Joseph I. right
revers:- GE=KRONT*, IN PRESBVRG 1687* DEN 9 DEC•, Hungarian shield and Crown.
edge lettering: + DIE LIEB DER FREUND • MACHT FRUCHT DEM FEIND •,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight:10,74g, axes:0h,
material: AR, mint: , artist: , date: 1687A.D.,
ref:
Q-001
quadrans
Domna_Ceres.JPG
Julia Domna129 viewsJULIA DOMNA, wife of Septimius Severus, 193-217
Sestertius, late 195-early 196. AE 18.89 g. IVLIA - AVGVSTA Draped bust r., the hair in a large bun on the back of the head. Rev. CE-RES / S - C Ceres, wearing long dress and veil, standing facing, head turned l., holding long torch with her l. hand, ears in her lowered r. hand over burning round altar. RIC 848

CERES is a comparatively common type on sestertii, so must fall before the drastic cutback in the production of sestertii early in 198, and indeed even before the preliminary cutback of sestertius production in mid-196.

Its date is beyond question late 195-early 196, since CERES is the type that appeared on Julia's New Year's issue of large bronze medallions and asses for 1 January 196. In the course of 196, after defeating Albinus on 19 Feb. 196 (not 197 as all the books say), Septimius cancelled the annual New Year's issues of medallions and asses, so that none at all were issued for 1 Jan. 197 or 198.

The misdating of Julia's CERES type to 198 that appears in various resources is due to P.V. Hill, whose work on the Severan coinage is largely mere guesswork and therefore often grossly mistaken. It is a shame that Hill's largely erroneous dates have now been taken over as fact and so given wide currency by David Sear in his new Roman Coins and Their Values!

I was able to establish the true chronology of the coinage of 193-8 in my Oxford thesis of 1972, which Hill couldn't of course consult for his first edition of 1964, and didn't consult for his second edition of 1977, though the Coin Room at the BM has a copy.

This CERES sestertius is no. 1761 in my die catalogue, obv. 453, rev. 661, other specimens in BM 764, Glasgow, Paris, and Naples.

Obv. die 453 is interesting, because it was used first with the CERES rev. die 661, like this coin; then with all five recorded MATRI CASTRORVM dies, this type coming from this obv. die only on sestertii; and finally with an early rev. die of the next normal type, HILARITAS.

HILARITAS of 196 was the last comparatively common sestertius rev. type of Julia's early coinage; then came the preliminary cutback, and the next three types, DIANA LVCIFERA, IVNO REGINA, and VESTAE SANCTAE, were considerably scarcer. Thereafter came the drastic cutback early in 198. (Curtis Clay)
3 commentsAuer
image~19.jpg
Julia Domna36 viewsJulia Domna. Augusta, AD 193-217. Ć As (27mm, 9.59 g, 11h). Rome mint. Struck under Caracalla, circa AD 214. Diademed and draped bust right / Four Vestal Virgins sacrificing over altar in front of the Temple of Vesta. RIC IV 607a (Caracalla). Near VF, dark green patina with light earthen highlights and touches of red, a few cleaning marks.

During the last five years of her life, following the murder of her younger son Geta in AD 212, Julia Domna virtually ran the government while Caracalla embarked on various military adventures. The emperor was much troubled by illness throughout his sole reign. On his way to the Parthian War in AD 214, he even visited the great shrine of Aesculapius at Pergamum in the hopes of finding a cure, an occasion marked by the striking of a remarkable series of medallic bronzes at the city.

This rare and attractive As of Julia Domna, issued at Rome in AD 214, is on the same theme and records vows for the health of Caracalla undertaken by the Vestal Virgins in a ceremony before the Temple of Vesta. The four Vestals are accompanied by two children and the sanctuary itself appears as a small domed structure in the background. Over the centuries no fewer than seven temples of Vesta occupied the site in the Forum at the northern corner of the house of Vestals. Most were the victims of fire, the sixth temple having been destroyed late in the reign of Commodus (AD 191). Julia Domna herself built the seventh, and the partially reconstructed ruins of this building are still to be seen today.

Description from CNG
1 commentsecoli
julianosiliqua.jpg
JULIAN II46 viewsAR siliqua. Lugdunum 361 AD. 1,72 grs. 6 h. Pearl-diademed,draped and cuirassed bust right. D N IVLIANVS AVG / VOT V MVLT X in four lines within wreath with medallion at top. LVG in exergue.
RIC 229. Bastien, Monnage de Lyon 272. Cohen -
benito
julianosiliqua~0.jpg
JULIAN II26 viewsAR siliqua. Lugdunum 361 AD. 1,72 grs. 6 h. Pearl-diademed,draped and cuirassed bust right. D N IVLIANVS AVG / VOT V MVLT X in four lines within wreath with medallion at top. LVG in exergue.
RIC - Cohen -
1 commentsbenito
Rama 9_comm.jpg
King Rama 9 of Thailand, 60th Anniversary25 viewsKing Rama 9 of Thailand, 60 th Anniversary Celebrations of His Majesty's Accession to the Throne. These coins were issued on 9 June 2006.

His Majesty, King Bhumibol Adulyadej was born December 5, 1927; he is officially styled "the Great" (Thai: มหาราช, Maharaja) and also known as Rama IX. His name, Bhumibol Adulyadej, means "Strength of the Land, Incomparable Power". Having reigned since June 9, 1946, Bhumibol is the world's longest-serving current Head of State and the longest-serving monarch in Thai history.

Although Bhumibol is a constitutional monarch, he has several times made decisive interventions in Thai politics, including the political crisis of 2005-2006. Bhumibol has been widely credited with facilitating Thailand's transition to democracy in the 1990s.

Bhumibol uses his great wealth to fund numerous development projects, particularly in rural areas. He is immensely popular in Thailand, and is revered by all Thais.

In May 2006, UN Secretary-General, Kofi Annan, presented the United Nations' first Human Development Lifetime Achievement Award to Bhumibol.

Bhumibol is an accomplished jazz musician and composer. He was awarded honorary membership of the Vienna Institute of Music and Arts at the age of 32. He used to play jazz music on air on the Or Sor radio station. In his travels, he has played with such jazz legends as Benny Goodman, Jack Teagarden, Lionel Hampton and Maynard Ferguson. His songs can often be heard at social gatherings and are performed in concerts.

Bhumibol is also a painter, photographer, author and translator. His book Phra Mahachanok is based on a traditional Jataka story of Buddhist scripture. The Story of Thong Daeng is the story of his dog Thong Daeng. He is also the only Thai monarch—and possibly the only monarch in the world, to hold a patent; holding one in 1993 for a waste water aerator named "Chai Pattana" and several patents on rainmaking since 1955: the "sandwich" rainmaking patent in 1999 and lately the "supersandwich" patent in 2003.

Bhumibol is an accomplished sailor and sailboat designer. He won a gold medal for sailing in the Fourth Southeast Asian Peninsular (SEAP) Games in 1967, together with HRH Princess Ubol Ratana who he tied for points. This accomplishment is all the more remarkable given Bhumibol's lack of binocular depth perception. Bhumibol has also sailed the Gulf of Thailand from Hua Hin to Toey Harbour in Sattahip, covering 60 nautical miles in a 14-hour journey on the "Vega 1", an OK Class dinghy he built.

Like his father, a former naval engineer, Bhumibol was an avid boat designer and builder. He produced several small sail-boat designs in the International Enterprise, OK, and Moth Classes. His designs in the Moth class include the “Mod”, “Super Mod”, and “Micro Mod”.

Bhumibol was crowned King of Thailand on May 5, 1950 at the Royal Palace in Bangkok where he pronounced his Oath of Succession "I will reign with righteousness for the benefit and happiness of the Siamese people" ("เราจะครองแผ่นดินโดยธรรม เพื่อประโยชน์สุขแห่งมหาชนชาวสยาม").


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhumibol_Adulyadej




Cleisthenes
FriedrichWilhellm_Medallion.jpg
Kronprinz Friedrich Wilhelm AE60 Medallion55 views60.2mm, 77.8g
Obv: his bare head right, FRIEDRICH WILHELM KRONPRINZ VON PREUSSEN * PROTECTOR *
Rev: Germania standing, facing with figures representing the trades to either side. "Allgemeine Deutsche Gewerbe und Industrie Ausstellung Wittenberg"
1 commentsareich
LEO-XIII-(1878-1903)_AE-30_LEO_XIII_PONT_MAX_AN_XXV_PASTOR-BONVS-ANIMAM-SVAM_DAT-PRO-OVIBVS-SVIS_JOHNSON_Q-001_0h_30mm_11,85g-s.jpg
LEO XIII (1878-1903), AE-30, The Good Shepherd. Extraordinary Medal, 1900. Patrignani 53.101 viewsLEO XIII (1878-1903), AE-30, The Good Shepherd. Extraordinary Medal, 1900. Patrignani 53.
avers: - LEO•XIII•PONT•MAX•AN•XXV, Leo XIII bust left, JOHNSON under the bust
revers: - PASTOR-BONVS-ANIMAM-SVAM-DAT-PRO-OVIBVS-SVIS, "The Good Shepherd lays down his life for his sheep".
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight:11,85g, axes: h,
material: AE, mint: , artist: JOHNSON, date: 1900 A.D.,
ref: Patrignani 53.
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
4250750.jpg
Les journés de Juin – The "Saint-Barthélemy" of June 184818 viewsCast Tin Medal (58mm, 28.42 g, 12h)
Massacre scene: military firing squad about to shoot insurgent with wife and child pleading at side; in foreground, soldier about to stab insurgent; to left one soldier dragging insurgent off; burning buildings in background
La/ St Barthélemy de juine 1848, ou la/ terreur blanche./ les royalistes se vengent de la révolution de fevrier;/ ils tuent et transportent/ les républicains/ sans le juger (The St. Barthélemy of June 1848, or the white terror. The Royalists take revenge for the February revolution; they kill and transport the Republicans without a trial.), all within border of alternating sabers and skull and crossbones

Musée Carnavalet ND3750

Ex Mors in Nummis (HJR) Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 425, 25 July 2018), lot 750
Ardatirion
lesbos_carac.jpg
Lesbos, Mytilene. Caracalla AE3516 viewsLesbos, Mytilene. AE35 (Medallion?), 21.15gr. Caracalla(198-217).Obv. – Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of young Caracalla - AYT KA MAR AY ANTWNEINOC;
Rev. – Nike riding in biga with two horses to left, holding palm branch(?) - EPI STRA POIOY LEONTEWC MYTILHNAIWN.  BMC 13 S209,211
Very rare, probably the second or third known
maxthrax
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Licinius II Caesar, Arelate mint, 317-318 AD., Ć3, RIC 126. 13 viewsLicinius II Caesar, Arelate (Arles) mint, officina 3, 317-318 AD.,
Ć3 / Follis / Nummus ? (ř 18-20 mm / 3,31 g), bronze, axis about medal alignment ↑↑ (ca. 340°),
Obv.: VAL LICINIVS NOB CAES , his laureate, draped bust r. - son buste lauré et drapé ŕ droite.
Rev.: IOVI CONSER - VATORI / R – S / T ARL , Jupiter standing half-naked left, holding a thunderbolt and leaning on a long scepter, his coat spread behind him, R - S in the fields, T ARL in the exergue - Jupiter ŕ demi-nu debout ŕ gauche tenant un foudre et un sceptre long, son manteau déployé derričre lui, R/S dans le champ, T ARL ŕ l’exergue.
RIC VII, p. 246, no. 126 (R4) ; Ferrando I 551 ; Ferrando II 714 (R2) ; missing on www.nummus-bible-database.com .
Arminius
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Lincoln Heritage Trail, 197014 viewsObv: LINCOLN HERITAGE TRAIL - 1970, bust of Lincoln facing right.

Rev: HISTORY'S HIGHWAY, a map of Illinois, Indiana and Kentucky showing the path of the Lincoln Heritage Trail through each state.

Mint: Medallic Art Company

Silver, Diameter: 38.65 mm
Matt Inglima
IMG_8665.JPG
Lincoln Heritage Trail, 197012 viewsObv: LINCOLN HERITAGE TRAIL - 1970, bust of Lincoln facing right.

Rev: HISTORY'S HIGHWAY, a map of Illinois, Indiana and Kentucky showing the path of the Lincoln Heritage Trail through each state.

Designer: C. Calverly, Mint: Medallic Art Company

Bronze, Diameter: 63 mm
Matt Inglima
Lincoln_Mourning_Medal.JPG
Lincoln Mourning Medal28 viewsObv: Bust of Abraham Lincoln facing right.

Rev: A scroll, before a broken column that is flanked by two American flags.

Engravers: Anthony C. Paquet and William Barber (whose initial "B" is visible on the truncation of Lincoln's neck).

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: c. 1865 (20th Century restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 18.36 mm
Matt Inglima
IMG_4674.JPG
Lincoln Mourning Medal11 viewsObv: Bust of Abraham Lincoln facing right.

Rev: A scroll, before a broken column that is flanked by two American flags.

Engravers: Anthony C. Paquet and William Barber (whose initial "B" is visible on the truncation of Lincoln's neck).

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: c. 1865 (20th Century restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 18.36 mm
Matt Inglima
LOBKOWICZ-Br-Medal-s.jpg
LOBKOWICZ (1840) Br Medal87 viewsLOBKOWICZ (1840) Br Medal
avers: - "AUG.LONG.PRINC.A LOBKOWICZ D.RAUDN." Lobkowicz bust left, below the shoulder ".1840.F.LANG."
revers: - Medal striking machine, above it, crossed tools, under it, in four rows: "REI MONETARIAE & MONTANISTICAE/ IN AUSTRIAE IMPERIO/ SUPREMUS / MODERATOR "
exe:-/-//--, diameter: mm, weight:g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: F.LANG , date:1840 A.D.,
ref:
Q-001
quadrans
Algier_1816_Lord_Exmouth.jpg
Lord Exmouth, Algier 1816, Elmer 108513 viewsAE 41, 37.97g, 0°
Admiral Lord Exmouth, AD 1757-1833
struck in 1820 by Brenet and Gerard for Mudies National Medals Series.
obv. ADMIRAL - LORD EXMOUTH
Bust in uniform r.
rev. Neptun, crowned, with waving cloak, stg. l. on hippocampus, ready to kill him with his trident
in ex. in 2 lines: ALGIERS AUGUST 18 / 1816
ref. Mudie 39; BHM 921; Elmer 1085
Jochen
424_640.jpg
Louis Auguste Blanqui and La Republique Rouge24 viewsCast Tin Medal (17.95 g, 12h)
RÉPUBLIQUE ROUGE/ VIVE BLANQUI OU LA MORT! (Long live Blanqui or death!)
Flag on pole surmounted by skull-and-crossbones wearing Liberty Cap decorated with lis; torch to left, halberd to right
AUX MAUX/ VIOLENTS ·/LES VIOLENTS/ REMČDES :/LA GUILLOTINE/ SERA BIENTOT/ NÉCESSAIRE (To violent maladies, violent remedies: the guillotine will soon me necessary.)

Cf. de Saulcey, Souvenirs numismatiques de la Révolution de 1848 pl. 8, 1 (for obverse type); Musée Carnavalet ND8632

Ex Mors in Nummis (HJR) Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 424, 11 July 2018), lot 624
Ardatirion
Louis XVIII_medal.jpg
Louis XVIII AE Medal, 181439 viewsLouis XVIII (1754 - 1793) AE Medal (copper, 32 mm), circa 1814, later restrike.
Obv.: Jugate busts of Henry IV and Louis XVIII.
Rev.: Inscription in 8 lines, thanking the people for restoring a statue of his grandfather, Henry IV.

ex Barry & Darling

$35
areich
Williams_394.jpg
LUCANIA, Velia. Circa 300-280 BC. AR Nomos45 views22mm, 7.46 g, 11h

Philistion Group. Helmeted head of Athena right, griffin on bowl / Lion standing right; die erasure below. Williams 394 (O197/R278); HN Italy 1301; SNG ANS 1397; SNG Ashmolean 1392; BMC 110; McClean 1470 (all from the same dies). VF, toned.

Ex Seaby Coin & Medal Bulletin 818 (March 1987), no. B34.
2 commentsLeo
Lusitania_Goetz_British_copy.jpg
Lusitania medal of Kurt Goetz, British propaganda copy15 viewsAE 55, Iron with bronze cover, 65.32g, 55.26mm, 0°
design by Kurt Goetz, AD 1915
obv. Sinking ocean liner "Lusitania", loaded with cannons, planes and other armaments
Above KEINE BANNWARE (No Contraband Goods!)
Below in 5 lines DER GROSSDAMPFER / = LUSITANIA = / DURCH EIN DEUTSCHES / TAUCHBOOT
VERSENKT / 5.MAY 1915 (The liner Lusitania sunk by a German submarine May 5, 1915)
rev. The death as skeleton sells tickets of the Cunard Line to passengers. At left a man is reading a
newspaper with the headline "U / BOOT / GEFAHR" (Submarine danger). Behind him with top hat the
German ambassador Count von Bernstorff with a wagging finger: Germany has warned about the
submarine danger in the same newspaper.
Above "GESCHÄFT ÜBER ALLES" (Business Above All)

The incorrect date of May 15 (The Lusitania was sunk on May 17) was the cause for the speculation that the sinking was planned long beforehand. Kurt Goetz has corrected his mistake in a second edition but because of the reaction of the world public the medal was withdrawn. The British used the chance to edit a great quantity of propaganda copies to blame the Germans. This specimen is clearly an British copy because of the used MAY (insted of the German MAI). But there are copies with MAI too.

Today it is proven that the Lusitania was misused as military transporter.
Jochen
ORVOSOK-es-TERMESZETVIZSGALOK_Besztercze-Banya_1842_BR-Medal-Q-001_0h_45,5mm_40,49g-s.jpg
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1842) AE-Medal, Besztercze Bánya, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1842), Scientific Conference, Besztercze Bánya"72 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1842) AE-Medal, Besztercze Bánya,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1842), Scientific Conference, Besztercze Bánya"
avers:
revers:
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 45,50mm, weight:40,49g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: , date: 1842 A.D.,
ref:
Q-001
quadrans
ORVOSOK-es-TERMESZETVIZSGALOK_Temesvar_1843_BR-Medal-Q-001_0h_52,00mm_66,77g-s.jpg
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1843) AE-Medal, Temesvár, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1843), Scientific Conference, Temesvár"69 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1843) AE-Medal, Temesvár,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1843), Scientific Conference, Temesvár"
avers:
revers:
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 52,00mm, weight:66,77g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: , date: 1843 A.D.,
ref:
Q-001
quadrans
ORVOSOK-es-TERMESZETVIZSGALOK_Kassa-es-Eperjes-1846_Boehm_J_D__BR-Medal-Q-001_0h_51mm_63,85ga-s.jpg
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1846) AE-Medal, Kassa-Eperjes, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1846), Scientific Conference, Kassa-Eperjes"75 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1846) AE-Medal, Kassa-Eperjes,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1846), Scientific Conference, Kassa-Eperjes"
avers: - SZIVESEN FOGADJÁK/ AZ AUG• 10-16 / EGYBEGYÜLT MAGYAR ORVOSOKAT / ÉS / TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓKAT, in five lines in wreath.
revers: - A•TESTVÉRILEG EGYESÜLT SZ•K• VÁROSOK KASSA ÉS EPERJES, in exergo: MDCCCXXXXVI, and small letter J.D. BOEHM F, Two crowned woman facing each other, arms around each other, personified by two Hungarian royal holy city of Kassa and Eperjes. Right and left feet of the typical cities Shields.
exe:-/-//J.D. BOEHM F/ MDCCCXXXXVI, diameter: 51mm, weight:63,85g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: J.D. BOEHM F, date: 1846 A.D.,
ref:
Q-001
quadrans
ORVOSOK-es-TERMESZETVIZSGALOK_Maros-Vasarhely_X-th_1864_AU-plated-BR-Medal-Q-001_0h_42,00mm_31,28ga-s.jpg
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1864) AE-Medal, Maros•Vásárhely, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1864), Scientific Conference, Maros•Vásárhely"67 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1864) AE-Medal, Maros•Vásárhely,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1864), Scientific Conference, Maros•Vásárhely"
avers:
revers:
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 42mm, weight:31,28g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: , date: 1864 A.D.,
ref:
Q-001
quadrans
ORVOSOK-es-TERMESZETVIZSGALOK_Pozsony_1865_BR-Medal-Q-001_0h_46,00mm_50,88g-s.jpg
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1865) AE-Medal, Pozsony, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1865), Scientific Conference, Pozsony"68 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1865) AE-Medal, Pozsony,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1865), Scientific Conference, Pozsony"
avers:
revers:
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 40mm, weight:50,88g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: , date: 1865 A.D.,
ref:
Q-001
quadrans
ORVOSOK-es-TERMESZETVIZSGALOK_Rimaszombat_1866_BR-Medal-Q-001_0h_44,00mm_53,95g-s.jpg
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1866) AE-Medal, Rimaszombat, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1866), Scientific Conference, Rimaszombat"89 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1866) AE-Medal, Rimaszombat,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1866), Scientific Conference, Rimaszombat"
avers:
revers:
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 44,00mm, weight:53,95g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: , date: 1866 A.D.,
ref:
Q-001
quadrans
ORVOSOK-es-TERMESZETVIZSGALOK_Fiume-XIV-th_1869_Sn-Medal-Q-001_0h_50,00mm_33,00g-s.jpg
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1869) Sn-Medal, Fiume, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1869), Scientific Conference, Fiume"92 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1869) Sn-Medal, Fiume,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1869), Scientific Conference, Fiume"
avers:
revers:
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 50,00mm, weight:33,00g, axes:0h,
material: Sn, mint: , artist: , date: 1869 A.D.,
ref:
Q-001
quadrans
ORVOSOK-es-TERMESZETVIZSGALOK_Gyor_XVII-th_1874_BR-Medal_SEIDAN_Q-001_0h_44,00mm_48,77ga-s.jpg
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1874) AE-Medal, Győr, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1874), XVII-th. Scientific Conference, Győr"71 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1874) AE-Medal, Győr,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1874), XVII-th. Scientific Conference, Győr"
avers:
revers:
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 44,00mm, weight:48,77g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: , date: 1874 A.D.,
ref:
Q-001
quadrans
Marcus_Aurelius_Paduan_Medal.JPG
Marcus Aurelius Paduan Medal280 viewsPaduan Medal.
Marcus Aurelius. After Giovanni Cavino. 1500-1570. Ć “Medallion”
Obverse: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: Victory seated right, inscribing VIC AVG on shield, trophy before her.
Klawans 2.
Later electrotype from the original Paduan dies.
36mm, 28.86 gm
Ex. CNG 144 lot 368

2 commentsJerome Holderman
Mark_Hopkins_1963_HOF_Medal.JPG
Mark Hopkins, 1963 NYU Hall of Fame Medal36 viewsMatt Inglima
08_Martin_Van_Buren_Peace_Medal.jpg
Martin Van Buren, 1837 Indian Peace Medal23 viewsObv: MARTIN VAN BUREN, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, draped bust of Martin Van Buren (8th President) facing right, A.D. 1837 below.

Rev: PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP, two clasped hands, crossed peace pipe and tomahawk above.

Engravers: Mortiz Furst (obverse), John Reich (reverse)

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1837 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
CofLondonMedal9ArrivalofAlexandra.JPG
Medal 09. Entry of Princess Alexandra into the City of London.111 viewsObv: Bust of Alexandra ALEXANDRA
Rev: City of London welcomes Princess led by Prince of Wales; on left is Hyman and on right are Peace and Plenty WELCOME ALEXANDRA
Exergue: MAR: 1863 Separated by the Arms of the City of London
Signed: J.S. WYON SC./J.S. & A.B. WYON SC.
Mintage: 350
AE77.

This group of medals, commonly called The City of London Medals, constitutes a series struck by THE CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF LONDON to celebrate the accomplishment of their most notable public works, or to commemorate events of national and civic importance. The standard reference book, published in London, 1894, is NUMISMATA LONDINENSIA, which includes those medals issued from 1831 to 1893. In this wonderful book, the medals are photographed and the events prompting their issue are described in great detail by Charles Welch. Subsequent to the publication of Numismata Londinensia, several other medals have been issued by the Corporation of London. Those medals issued from 1831 to 1973 are described in Coins and Medals, November 1977, where their mintage figures are provided (most of the medals were struck in numbers between 350 and 450; a notable exception is the lead, glass enclosed piece commemorating the Removal of Temple Bar from the City of London, which is extremely rare). Descriptions and other interesting historical notes are included in excellent compendia published more recently. (see British Historical Medals by Laurence Brown, and British Commemorative Medals and their values by Christopher Eimer.)
(shamelessly stolen from historicalartmedals.com)


1 commentsLordBest
fantasy2b.jpg
Medallion21 viewsWhite metal, 10.69 gr., 32 mm, die-axis 12.jmuona
sest1b.jpg
Medallion19 viewsLate cast of a Paduan medallion. 31.69 gr., max 36 mm, die axis 6. The piece is in reality deep brown in colour.jmuona
Sev_Alex_and_Mamaea_Med_Sest.jpg
Medallion showing facing busts of Severus Alexander and Mamaea27 viewsObverse: (IMPSE)VALEXANDERAVGIULIAMAMAEAAVG
Busts face to face of Severus Alexander laureate (seen from the front), slightly bearded, draped and cuirassed and Julia Mamaea draped wearing stephane, left hair in waves
MAT(AVG) below busts
Reverse: AEQVITAS AVGVS(TI)
The three Monetae draped , standing front, holding, each, scales in right hand and cornucopiae in left; the Monetae left and right have head turned left; to left of each Moneta small pile of coins(?) or die (?)
BMC 556*, RIC 316
Weight, 28.522g; Die axis, 12h

mix_val
Patrick_Bruun.jpg
Medals of Numismatists155 viewsPatrick Bruun, (1920–2007).
Author of: Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. VII.
AR, 55 mm, 180 g, (1990).
1 commentsPekka K
Nils_Lindberg.jpg
Medals of Numismatists58 viewsNils Lindberg, (1926 - )
President of Finnish Numismatic Association.
AE, 70 mm, 334 g, (1986)
Pekka K
Lauri_Tudeer.jpg
Medals of Numismatists56 viewsLauri O. Th. Tudeer, (1884 - 1955).
Author of: Die Tetradrachmenprägung von Syrakus, Berlin. 1913.
AE, 56 mm, 79.5 g, (1951)
Pekka K
Jouko_Voionmaa.jpg
Medals of Numismatists86 viewsJouko Voionmaa, (1912 - 1991).
Curator of Coin Cabinet in National Museum.
AE, 70 mm, 371 g, (1972).
5 commentsPekka K
Ahto_Linja.jpg
Medals of Numismatists54 viewsAhto Linja, (1912 - 1986)
Author of: Finnish Ladies on medals, 1977.
AE, 103 mm, 890 g, (1982).
1 commentsPekka K
2180515.jpg
MEDALS. Sir Edward Stanley G. Robinson. Keeper of Coins at the British Museum19 viewsMEDALS. Sir Edward Stanley G. Robinson. Keeper of Coins at the British Museum, 1912-1952. Ć Medal (51mm, 85.7 g, 12h). P. Vincze, engraver. SCRINII NUMM. IN MUS. BRITT. CUSTODI D. D. D. SOCII ET AMICI, Head of Edward Robinson left / SIC TIBI MVSA MEMOR, Half-nude woman seated left, writing in book set on Ionic column, placing hand on broken jar filled with coins . BHM -. EF.

Ex-CNG
ecoli
John_penny~0.png
Medieval, King John Penny: SCBI 56 Mass 1755 (this coin)31 viewsJohn (1199-1216), Penny, class VIa2, London,
Walter, walter · on · lvn, 1.40g/4h
(SCBI Mass 1755, this coin; N 974/2; S 1353).
Good fine, dark-toned
J.D. Brand Collection [from Baldwin October 1960];
J.P. Mass Collection, Part I, DNW Auction 61, 17 March 2004, lot 355 (part);
J. Sazama Collection, Part I, DNW Auction 93, 26 September 2011, lot 1140 (part)
The collection of the late ray Inder
DNW Auction Coins tokens and Historical Medals September 18-20 2018, lot 192.
orfew
Millard_Fillmore_Peace_Medal.JPG
Millard Fillmore, 1850 Indian Peace Medal26 viewsObv: MILLARD FILLMORE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, bust of Millard Fillmore (13th President) facing right, 1850 below.

Rev: A settler and a Native American standing, facing each other before an American flag; "LABOR," "VIRTUE," and "HONOR" inscribed above within three oval-shaped links of chain-like scroll; field landscape in background.

Engravers: Salathiel Ellis (obverse), Joseph Willson (reverse).

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1850 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
IMGP0048Mith3brcombo.jpg
Mithradates III. 57 - 54 BC21 viewsAE 14, 2,2gr., 14,28mm;
Sellw.40.19, Shore 207;
mint: Ekbatana, axis : 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/diadem; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, short beard; segmented necklet w/ central medallion;
rev.: horse’s head, right, framed by 7-line illegible legend;

ex: Canmoose, CAN.
Schatz
IMGP3258Mith3combo.jpg
Mithradates III. 57 - 54 BC10 viewsAR dr., 4,07gr, 20,7mm; Sellwood 41.14var., Shore --, Sunrise --;
mint: Court at Ekbatana, axis: 11:30h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/broad diadem, knot and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 4 waves, mustache, short beard; segmented necklace w/center medallion; star in right upper field; dotted border 11:30 to 14h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below bow; 8-line legend: BΛCIΛEΩretrograde C BΛCIΛEΩN ΛPCΛKoV M(E)ΓΛΛoV ΔIKΛIoV EΠIΦΛNoV(Σ) ΘEoVEVΠΛToPoC ΦIΛEΛΛHNoC;

ex: Pars Coins, ex: Triskeles Auction 6.
Schatz
IMGP3248Mith3combo.jpg
Mithradates III., 57 - 54 BC12 viewsAR dr., 4,03gr, 20,2mm; Sellwood 41.8var., Shore --, Sunrise ---;
mint: Court at Rhagai; axis: 14h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/broad diadem and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 4 waves, mustache, short beard; segmented necklace w/center medallion; cuirass; dotted border 8 to 16h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand, monogram under bow; behind the top of the throne a second monogram, a circle dissected by a vertical line; 8-line legend: BΛCIΛEΩΣ BΛCIΛEΩN APΣΛKoV MEΓΛoV ΔIKΛIoV ΘEoVEVΠΛT(o)P(o)Σ ΦIΛEΛΛΗ(N)oC;
in: Parthika.fr, Les Différents Types;

ex: Javeed, UK.
Schatz
IMGP3256Mith3combo.jpg
Mithradates III., 57 - 54 BC10 viewsAR dr., 3,95gr, 20,8mm; Sellwood 41.16, Shore --, Sunrise --;
mint: Mithradatkart, axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/3-tier diadem and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, short beard; segmented necklace w/center medallion; in upper right field crescent above star; dotted border 9 to 15h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below bow; 8-line legend: PΛCIΛEΩC (B)ΛC(I)ΛEωN ΛPCΛKoV MEΓΛ(o)V the 2 bottom lines and the 2 lines on the left side are very garbled;

ex: H. Lanz, Germany
Schatz
IMGP3250Mith3combo.jpg
Mithradates III., 57 - 54 BC17 viewsAR dr., 4,09gr, 19mm; Sellwood 41.2 (?), Shore --, Sunrise --;
mint: Ekbatana, axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/broad diadem, 3 ribbons; medium-long hair, mustache, short, wavy beard; segmented necklace w/center medallion; dotted border 14:30 to 15:30; in the right upper field are traces of erasure of possibly a star, which would make this coin a Sellwood 41.12ff. type. The portrait also resembles those of some of the S.41.12ff. coinage.
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand, monogram below bow; 8-line legend: BΛCIΛCΩ(Σ) BΛCIΛCΩN ΛPCΛ(KOY) MEΓΛoV ΔIKΛIOV EΠIΦΛN(OYΣ) ΘEOVEVΠΛTOP(OΣ) ΦIΛEΛΛHN(OΣ);
Schatz
IMGP0060Mith3brcombo.jpg
Mithradates III., 57 - 54 BC14 viewsAE16, 3,70gr., 16,44mm;
Sellw. 41.20, Shore 208;
mint: Rhagai, axis: 12mm;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/diadem and ribbons joined at the end;medium-long hair in 4 waves, mustache, short beard; segmented necklace w/center medallion; star (or sun) in upper right field; dotted border 11 - 17:30h;
rev.: elephant standing, right, framed by 8-line legend: BACIΛEC BACIΛEΩN APCAKoV MEΓAΛoV ΔIKAIoV EΠIΦANoVC ΘEoV EVΠAToPoC ΦIΛEΛΛHNoC;

ex: G. Clark, VA.
Schatz
IMGP3246Mith3combo.jpg
Mithradates III., 57 - 54 BC16 viewsAR dr., 4,08gr., 21mm; Sellwood 41.5, Shore 200, Sunrise 356 (Mithradates IV.);
mint: Mithradatkart (?), axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed. left, w/broad diadem, knot and 3 ribbons (connected at the end); medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, medium-long beard in 3 rows of curls; segmented necklace w/center medallion; cuirass; dotted border 11 to 17h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand, monogram below bow; 8(?)-line legend on previously used flan: BΛCIΛ(EΩΣ) BΛCIΛ(EΩN) the 2 lines on the right side are illegible, CIIHVretrogradeNV ΛI retrograde NVo (for: ΔIKAIOY?) ΘEoVEΠΛTC (K)ΛIΦIΛEΛΛHNo ;

ex: H. Lanz, Germany.
Schatz
IMGP3254Mith3combo.jpg
Mithradates III., 57 - 54 BC 9 viewsAR dr., 4,00gr, 19,6mm, Sellwood 41.12 or 14, Shore 201or 202, Sunrise --;
mint: Court at Rhagai or Ekbatana, axis: 12h;
obv.: bare headed, left, w/broad diadem, knot and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 4 waves, mustache, short beard; segmented necklace w/center medallion; star in upper right field; dotted border 9 to 14:30h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below bow; partial 8-line legend: BΛCIΛEΩC BΛCIΛEΩN ΛRCΛK(OY) MEΓΛΛ(OY) EΠIΦΛNo(YΣ) 6th line off flan ΘEoVEΠΛToP(OΣ) KΛIΦIΛEΛΛΗ(NOΣ);

ex: D. Grotjohann, Germany.
Schatz
IMGP0053Mith3brcombo.jpg
Mithradates III., 57 - 54 BC14 viewsAE 16, 3,28gr., 16,24mm;
Sellw. 41.20, Shore 208;
mint: Rhagai, axis 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/diadem and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in waves, mustache, short beard; segmented necklet w/center medallion; star (or sun) in upper right field; rev.: elephant standing right, 7-line illegible legend;

ex: CNG at Baltimore Coin Show.
Schatz
medaillen_artemis_07_artemis.jpg
Modern depictions of Artemis/Diana, 1930, Germany18 viewsBronze Medal 1930
by Friedrich Wilhelm Hörnlein, (1873 – 1945)
Obv: Artemis/Diana with bow and quiver, roe behind, signed Hörnlein

for obverse, reverse and details click here
shanxi
medaillen_artemis_06_artemis.jpg
Modern depictions of Artemis/Diana, 1931, France7 viewsMedal by Pierre-Alexandre Morlon (original design 1931)

Obv: UNION FEDERALE DES SOCIETES DE TIR AUX ARMES DE CHASSE, Artemis/Diana Standing right, holding bow, dog behind, signed MORLON


for obverse, reverse and details click here

shanxi
Medaillen_Artemis_03_artemis.jpg
Modern depictions of Artemis/Diana, 1932, France9 viewsMedal by André Pierre Schwab

Obv: Artemis advancing right, holding bow, dog behind, signed SCHWAB

for obverse, reverse and details click here

shanxi
Medaille_Artemis_04_artemis.jpg
Modern depictions of Artemis/Diana, 1940, France14 viewsBronze Medal ca. 1940
by François André Clémencin (1878-1950)
Obv: Artemis running left, holding bow, dog behind

for obverse, reverse and details click here
shanxi
Medaillen_Artemis_09_artemis.jpg
Modern depictions of Artemis/Diana, 1963, France19 viewsBronze Medal ca. 1963-1965
by Raymond Delamarre (1890–1986)

Obv: ARTEMIΣ, Artemis running left, stag behind, squirrel underneath

for obverse, reverse and details click here
shanxi
tohanover.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), United Kingdom, Victoria, 19th Century Gaming Token, To Hannover 1837/1848124 viewsMost 'To Hanover' counters depict Queen Victoria on the obverse. Victoria became Queen of Great Britain in 1837, but because she was a woman she could not become King of Hanover like her predecessors had also been. Her unpopular uncle the Duke of Cumberland went off to Hanover instead, and these counters celebrate his departure. They were made for over 30 years, mainly in Birmingham. In 1871 a new design was introduced on the gold sovereign which closely resembled the To Hanover pieces. Unscrupulous people began to pass the counters as gold coins and their production became illegal under the Counterfeit Medal Act of 1883.

Reign - Queen Victoria : Material - Brass : Production - 19th century at Birmingham in England
Event - Separation of the monarchy of Hanover from Great Britain (Duke of Cumberland and Queen Victoria)
Reference: Birmingham Museum and Art gallery & Heavenscent
oneill6217
nikopolis_geta_HrJJ8_22_9_5.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 22. Geta, HrHJ (2018) 8.22.09.0519 viewsGeta, AD 209-212
AE 28, 13.43g, 27.66mm, 195°
struck under governor Flavius Ulpianus
obv. [AVT] KP CE - [P] GETAC [AV]
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. V FL OVLPIAN - N - IKOPOLIT / PROC I
Nike, wingted, in double chiton, advancing l., holding in l. arm palmbranch and in extended r. hand
unknown object
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1669, pl. XVI, no.12 (4 ex., Bukarest, Sofia, Turin, Wien)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3298 (same dies)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.22.9.5 (same dies)
F/F+, dark green patina

Pick, p. 341: "The attribute is suggested to be an open wreath. But that is barely possible. Some similar is found on medallions of Perinthos where Serapis is holding two of these objects on a ribbon over an altar (Ex.: Gotha; Mus. Hunter; London cat. 153, 39; Mailand; Paris Mionnet 1, 400, 302; Wien); for this type, seen on a coin of the Bithynian city of Kios too, a plausible explanation is found neither."
Take a look at the discussion on FAC under the title "So what IS she holding?"!

Jochen
medaillen_artemis_06_fac.jpg
Morlon, Artemis7 viewsMedal by Pierre-Alexandre Morlon
1878-1951
(Morlon created also the french circulating coins)

Obv: UNION FEDERALE DES SOCIETES DE TIR AUX ARMES DE CHASSE, Artemis/Diana Standing right, holding bow, dog behind, signed MORLON
Rev: CHAMPIONAT DE FRANCE
BALL-TRAP “OLYMPIQUE”
1951, 2E Prix,
ILE DE FRANCE
(original design 1931)
shanxi
Mudie1.jpg
Mudie 01. George III Dedication Medal, 1817.66 viewsObv. Laureate head of George III right HOC AVSPICEORBIS SALVS. MDCCCXVII.
Rev. One standing female allegorical figure on the left, flanked by lion and holding a cross, allegorical female figure seated on right holding horn of plenty, rocky outcrop behind. RELIGIONE FIDE ET CONSTANTIA
Exergue: MDCCCXVII.

The first medal in the forty medal Mudie series, and one of the most beautiful.
1 commentsLordBest
Mudie 30.JPG
Mudie 30. Visit of the Allied Sovereigns to England, 1814.76 viewsObv. Helmeted head of Britannia to left BRITANNIA J MUDIE D
Rev. Hercules standing holding trident, Temple of Janus behind, doors closed, prow of ship to right TEMPLVM JANI VISIT OF THE SOVEREIGNS OF RUSSIA AND PRUSSIA in Ex JUNE VI MDCCCXIV.

Issued to commemorate the visit of Czar Alexander of Russia and Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia to England in 1814 following Napoleon's exile to Elba and the cessation of hostilities.
1 commentsLordBest
Picton img.jpg
Mudie Medal - Lt. General Sir Thomas Picton51 viewsObv:- Facing bust of Picton
Rev:- Picton standing left, in heroic pose, holding standard and sword

Celebrating a victory at the battle of Badajoz in Arpil 1812.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
am_108_combo.jpg
Muntoni 10815 views1686, regnal year 10

This is the first testone I purchased, sometime in the late 1970s. Although always a favorite coin due to the pleasant toning and interesting geometric reverse design, other areas claimed my interest (and money) until the late 1990s when I rediscovered papal medals and coins of the Baroque.
stlnats
IMGP3634Phr_Mcombo.jpg
Musa and Phraatakes, 2 - 4 AD48 viewsAR dr., 3,66gr, 18,8mm; Sellwood 58.9, Shore 324, Sunrise 404;
mint: Ekbatana; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/4-layer diadem and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, medium-long beard squared off at the end; multiple necklace; goddess offering diadem in left and right upper field; dotted border 8 to 14h;
rev.: female head, right, w/3-tier tiara and double diadem below, 2 loops and 2 ribbons; tiara consisting of 2 layers of decorated with different size pearls topped off by a crown-like arrangement of 3 pearls; the hair is swept over the ear to form a bun-like tuft; multiple necklaces, the top one w/a center medallion; legend in front of and behind head: MOUCHC BAC(IΛICHC) ΘEAC OYPANIA(C); mint monogram in lower left field;

ex: Stack’s, NY.
1 commentsSchatz
senate_roma_9.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON (SEMI-AUTONOMOUS, FLAVIAN ERA)6 viewsca 80 - 96 AD (Flavian Era; Medal of Kephalion?)
AE 20 mm, 3.22 g
O: ΘΕΑ ΡωΜΗ ΕΠΙ CΤΡΑ ΚεΦΑΛΙωΝΟC, draped bust of Roma right, wearing 2-pointed crown and chignon
R: ΘΕΟΝ CΥΝΚΛΗΤΟΝ, draped bust of Senate right, wreath to right.
Mysia, Pergamon; RPC II, 145, 923; SNG France 1996
laney
image~1.jpg
Napoleon Medal34 viewsFrance. Napoleon Bonaparte, as Premiere Consul. L'An 8 (1800). Silvered Ć medal (50 mm, 57.26 g, 12 h). Battle of Marengo. N. G. A. Brenet, medallist. BONAPARTE PREMIER CONSUL DE LA REP. FRANÇE. around, BATAILLE DE MARENGO / 25 ET 26 PRAIRIAL / AN 8. in three lines below, uniformed bare-headed bust of Napoleon left; on shoulder truncation, BRENET; below, H. AUGUSTE; all within laurel wreath / LE PREMIER CONSUL / COMMANDANT / L'ARMÉE DE RÉSERVE / EN PERSONNE: / ENFANS / RAPPELLEZ-VOUS / QUE MON HABITUDE EST / DE COUCHER SUR LE CHAMP / DE BATAILLE. in nine lines. Bramsen 38; Julius 794. Attractive golden tone. Almost Uncirculated.

Ex Triskeles Auctions
1 commentsSosius
JCT_National_Association_for_the_Jewish_Blind_2.JPG
National Association for the Jewish Blind190 viewsAE token, 31.5 mm., undated?

Obv: ••• NATIONAL ASSOCIATION ••• and FOR THE JEWISH BLIND N.Y.C. 58 in border along rim, Light, above crowd of people reaching upward toward rays of light, in center.

Rev: THIS / MEDALLION / IS AWARDED / IN APPRECIATION / FOR YOUR AID / IN THE CAUSE /OF THE BLIND in SEVEN rows, laurel leaves along rim.

Ref: None known.

Note: No information is known about this organization.
Stkp
JCT_Jewish_Orphanage_at_Norwood_1953.JPG
Norwood Jewish Orphanage (London Borough of Lambeth, England, U.K.)43 viewsAE medal, 35 mm., 1953.

Obv: JEWISH / ORPHANAGE / NORWOOD / JUNE 2ND 1953, Jewish star below, PATRON below star, H • M • THE QUEEN around rim.

Rev: • CORONATION • OF • ELIZABETH II • along rim, head facing right, flower below neck.

Ref: None known. But see generally, “The Jewish Orphanage at Norwood,” The Shekel, XXXVII No. 2 (March to April 2004), pp. 32-33.

Note: In 1795 financiers Abraham and Benjamin Goldsmid invited subscriptions for the foundation of a Jew’s Hospital, which opened at Miles End in 1807 under the name Neveh Zedek (Abode of Righteousness). By 1860 that building had become overcrowded, and Barnett and Isabella Meyers presented the organization with eight acres of land in West Norwood in South London. A building that accommodated 220 children was erected, and in 1861 Sir Anthony Rothchild laid the foundation stone. In 1877, the Jew’s Hospital amalgamated with the Jews’ Orphan Asylum (founded in 1831 in East End) at the Norwood site under the name Jews’ Hospital and Orphan Asylum. It obtained royal patronage in 1901. In 1928 it was renamed Norwood Jewish Orphanage, and in 1956 it again changed its name to Norwood Home for Jewish Children.
Stkp
JCT_Jewish_Orphanage_at_Norwood_1937.JPG
Norwood Jewish Orphanage (London Borough of Lambeth, England, U.K.)54 viewsAE medal, 28 mm., 1937.

Obv: CORONATION GEORGE VI & ELIZABETH and • MAY 12TH 1937 • along rim, jugate crowned busts facing left in center.

Rev: THE JEWISH ORPHANAGE and H.M. KING GEORGE VI along rim, building in center, NORWOOD and PATRON above and below.

Ref: “The Jewish Orphanage at Norwood,” The Shekel, XXXVII No. 2 (March to April 2004), pp. 32-33.

Note: In 1795 financiers Abraham and Benjamin Goldsmid invited subscriptions for the foundation of a Jew’s Hospital, which opened at Miles End in 1807 under the name Neveh Zedek (Abode of Righteousness). By 1860 that building had become overcrowded, and Barnett and Isabella Meyers presented the organization with eight acres of land in West Norwood in South London. A building that accommodated 220 children was erected, and in 1861 Sir Anthony Rothchild laid the foundation stone. In 1877, the Jew’s Hospital amalgamated with the Jews’ Orphan Asylum (founded in 1831 in East End) at the Norwood site under the name Jews’ Hospital and Orphan Asylum. It obtained royal patronage in 1901. In 1928 it was renamed Norwood Jewish Orphanage, and in 1956 it again changed its name to Norwood Home for Jewish Children.
Stkp
109102.jpg
One ugly but huge and rare coin. :)116 viewsElagabalus --AE Medallion (39-41mm, 37.72gm). Mysia, Germe. Laureate and cuirassed bust right / Herakles standing right, holding club and lion by the hind leg.

Ehling 175 (V1/R1), 1 = LIMC 5/2, 1987 (this coin); SNG France 992 = Waddington 7037 = Voegtli 2f (same dies). Very rare, one of two known specimens and the only one available to the collector. From the Garth R. Drewry Collection. Ex Mabbott Collection Part I (Hans Schulman Gallery, 6-11 June 1969), lot 1797; G. Hirsch 35 (25 June 1963), lot 956.
featherz
IMGP3391Orod2combo.jpg
Orodes II., 57 - 38 BC49 viewsAR dr., 3,58gr, 19,6mm; Sellwood 46.24, Shore -, Sunrise -;
mint: Areia; axis: 13h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/ broad diadem, knot and 2 broad ribbons w/closed ends; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, short beard in 3 rows of dashes; necklet w/center medallion! crescent in upper right field; cuirass; reed-and-pellet border 11 to 15h; -- while the head is turned left the torso is facing!
rev.: archer, right, on seatless throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below; 7-line legend: BACIΛ(EΩC) BACIΛE(ΩN) APCA(KOV) ΔIKAIOC EVEPΓETOC (the 2 bottom lines to be read from the outside) EΠIΦΛNOVC, (K)AIΦIΛHNO(C);


Schatz
B-commodus_01_1.jpg
Paduan Cast Copy of Commodus AE Medallion49 viewsObv: M COMMODVS ANTONINVS PIVS FELIX AVG BRIT - Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust r.
Rev: HERC COMMODIANO P M TR P XVI IMP VIII - Hercules, in the guise of Commodus, standing l., holding cornucopiae and sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar, at the side of which rests his club; to l., a tree from which hang the lion’s skin and the quiver. In exergue, COS VI P P.
Cat #: Cohen.176 (original)
Year: 191 AD (original)
1 commentsoa
Domitien_ensemble.jpg
PADUAN, Domitian20 viewsDomitian aftercast paduan .. badly tooled on reverse !
Imitation Sesterce Domitien

Avers : IMP . CAES . DOMIT . AVG . GERM . COS . XII . CENS . PER . P . P
Revers : PONT . MAX . TR . P . VIII LVD . SAEC - S.C. SPQQO . SVF P.D
Diamčtre : 34 mm | Poids : 22 g
Réfs: Klawans 5. Lawrence 40-2

http://www.forumfw.com/t516-faux-sesterce-de-domitien-serie-des-jeux-seculaires

"Cette monnaie est un faux, probablement du XIXe, il est répertorié dans "R. H. LAWRENCE, Medals by Giovanni Cavino", mais sans ętre une monnaie de la main de Cavino. Elle diffčre de l'original romain et du padouan original par quelques détails comme l'inscription "SPQQO" au revers, la puissance tribunitienne de Domitien, l'Egide sur le buste, la totalité des légendes etc etc..." (forumfw .. Fred)

Le mien a été malheureusement retouché (massacrée ? surtout au revers ...) .. En tout cas le gars est a brűlé vif en place public .. Męme pour avoir retouché une imitation !!!!
Vamp
IMGP4097Pak2combo.jpg
Pakoros II., 77/78 - 105 AD23 viewsAR dr., 3,75gr, 21,52mm; Sellwood 75.7, Shore 398, Sunrise 432 (Pakoros I., 78 - 120 AD); Sinisi Type VI, p. 90;
mint: Ekbatana; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/broad 4-layer diadem, double loop and 3 ribbons; med.-long hair in 3 waves, mustache, short chin beard; earring, 3-layer necklace w/medallion-like addition to the center of the bottom ring; dotted border 9:30 to 14h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one outstretched hand and monogram below bow; left lower leg missing; 7 line legend: OΛIIΛE(ΛC) OΛIIΛEΛ(N) ΛPIΛͶOC ΔIXΛI OV(to be read from the inside) bottom line illegible CΠIΦΛHI IΛΛͶ;

ex: Vienna Coin Show, VA.
Schatz
Mithradates_III_FORVM.jpg
Parthia - Mithradates III (57-54 BCE)14 viewsMetal/Size: AR16; Weight: 3.9 grams; Denomination: Drachm; Mint: Ecbatana; Date: 57-54 BCE; Obverse: Short-bearded and short-haired bust left wearing double-banded diadem and segmented necklet with medallion; circular border of pellets. Reverse: Beardless archer wearing bashlyk and cloak seated right on throne, holding bow in right hand; behind archer's head, B; above throne back, T; below bow, monogram [~]; no border; seven-line Greek inscription = ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΘΕΟΥ ΕΥΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ (Of the) Great King Arsaces, the Just, the Noble, Friend of the Greeks. Reference: Sellwood #40.2.museumguy
Mithradates_III_FORVM~0.jpg
Parthia - Mithradates III (57-54 BCE)40 viewsMetal/Size: AR19; Weight: 4.12 grams; Denomination: Drachm; Mint: Mithradatkart; Date: 57-54 BCE; Obverse: Short-bearded, mustachioed bust of king left, wearing double-banded diadem, segmented necklet with a medallion. Hair in five rows. Reverse: Archer (Arsaces) seated right on throne, holding bow and wearing bashlyk - monogram below. Legend possibly: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΘΕΟΥ ΕΥΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ (Of the) Great King Arsaces, the Just, the Noble, God-like, Friend of the Greeks. Reference: Sellwood #40.3; Shore #190.1 commentsmuseumguy
Mithradates_III.jpg
Parthia - Mithradates III (57-54 BCE)10 viewsMetal/Size: AR20; Weight: 3.94 grams; Denomination: Drachm; Mint: Kangavar; Date: 57-54 BCE; Obverse: Short-bearded, mustachioed bust of king left, wearing double-banded diadem, segmented necklet with a medallion. Circular border of pellets. Reverse: Beardless archer wearing bashlyk and cloak seated right on throne, holding bow in right hand; below bow, monogram [~]; no border; seven-line Greek inscription = ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΘΕΟΥ ΕΥΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ ((Of the) Great King Arsaces, the Just, the Noble, God-like, Friend of the Greeks). Reference: Sellwood #40.9; Shore #197.museumguy
Mithradates_III__(57-54_BC),_AR-Drachm,_Sellwood_40_3,_Shore_190,_Q-001,0h,_19,0-20mm,_3,55g-s.jpg
Parthia, Sellwood 40.3var.(legend!), Mithradates III. (57-54 B.C.), AR-Drachm, Archer right on throne, #1120 viewsParthia, Sellwood 40.3var.(legend!), Mithradates III. (57-54 B.C.), AR-Drachm, Archer right on throne, #1
avers: Short-bearded bust left wearing double-banded diadem and segmented necklet with medallion; circular border of pellets
reverse: beardless archer wearing bashlyk and cloak seated right on throne, holding a bow in the right hand, below the bow, monogram, no border, seven-line Greek inscription: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ ΘΕΟΥ ΕΥΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝ
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 19,0-20,0mm, weight: 3,55g, axes: 0h,
mint: Mithradatkart, date: 57-54 B.C., ref: Sellwood 40.3 (legend !), Shore --0,
Q-001
quadrans
Vologases-V__(191-208_AD)_Bi-Tetradrachm_Seleukia-Q-001_0h_24mm_13,12g--s.jpg
Parthia, Sellwood 87.15., Vologases V. (191-208 A.D.), BI-Tetradrachm, King left on throne, #1179 viewsParthia, Sellwood 87.15., Vologases V. (191-208 A.D.), BI-Tetradrachm, King left on throne, #1
avers: King head, left, w/multi-strand diadem, loop, and 4 ribbons, curly hair on top, side hair in a bun of concentric curls over the ear, mustache, long triangular beard, earring (?) 2-layer necklace w/central medallion, tunic/cuirass w/ornamental border.
reverse: King, left, on the throne, receiving wreath or diadem from facing goddess in a long robe, between the heads the year HΦ (194/195 AD), exergual line, partial letters around the edge.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 13,12g, axes: 0h,
mint: Seleucia, date:HΦ=194/195 A.D., ref: Sellwood 87.15, Shore 444,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
PhraatesIV-moeda1.jpg
PARTHIA/PERSIA, Phraates IV (c. 38 - 2 B.C.), AR Tetradrachm41 viewsWeight: 14.82 g
Size: 26 mm
Condition: VF/VF
Minted in Seleucia in November 50 BC (Year 362 of Seleucian Era).
Obv: bust left with pointed beard wearing diadem and segmented torque with medallion; a wart visible on
forehead;
Rev: archer seated right on throne, holding bow in right hand; below bow, monogram
Ref: Sellwood 54.1
Rarity: Common
Value: 150
Jorge C
Sellwood-41_20.jpg
Parthian Empire: Mithradates IV (58/7-55 BCE) Ć Tetrachalkon, Rhagai (Sellwood 41.20; Shore 208)16 viewsObv: Short-bearded bust left wearing double-banded diadem and segmented necklet with medallion; behind bust, star; circular border of pellets
Rev: Elephant standing right; no border; ΚΑΙ omitted from eight-line Greek inscription = ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΝ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΘΕΟΥ ΕΥΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ
Quant.Geek
Penn_Founders_Day_1908_medal_1.JPG
Pennsylvania Founder's Day, 1908 Souvenir Medal34 viewsObv: Face of William Penn, three-quarter view to left.

Rev: The signing of the PENN TREATY, 1683 FOUNDERS WEEK 1908 on a banner across bottom.

Note: Founder's Week ran from October 4th through the 10th, 1908.

Unknown mint

7.6 grams, 28.95 x 26.14 mm
Matt Inglima
IMGP0178PersNapcombo.jpg
Persis42 viewsManuchtir II, 2.cent. AD, AR hdr, 1,4gr., 13mm;
Alram 635, Sunrise 661, K&M --;
mint: Persepolis, axis:
obv.: bust, left, w/Parthian style tiara, diadem w/loop and 2 ribbons, tiara has 2 rows of pellets over the crest of the head and a crescent w/pellet on the side, outline of lower tiara decorated w/pellets; mustache, long pointed beard, long hair emerging from under tiara’s neck guard; necklace w/center medallion(?); tunic/cuirass; Aramaic letters on right rim;
rev.: bare-headed, left, w/diadem; similar but beardless profile to that on the obv.; 4 Aramaic letters in left field;

ex: Triskeles Auction 9, #51.
1 commentsSchatz
IMGP0182PersUnkncombo.jpg
Persis43 viewsUncertain King, 1.-2. cent. AD, AR hdr., 1,41gr.,
Alram 619var., Sunrise 646var., K&M --;
mint: Persepolis, axis: ?
obv.:head, left, w/tiara and diadem, 2 loops, ribbon, over tiara crest a row of pellets, 1 pellet on the side, long earflaps and very long neck guard; short beard, mustache; double necklace w/pellet medallion; in right field triskeles w/2 pellets above;
rev.: 2 concentric circles (diadem?) surrounded by dashes forming third circle;

ex: Pegasi Coins, Baltimore Coin Show.
1 commentsSchatz
IMGP3172Phrcombo.jpg
Phraates III., 70 - 57 BC8 viewsAR dr., 4,18gr, 20,1mm; Sellwood 38.15, Shore 178, Sunrise: --;
mint: Susa; axis: 12h;
obv.: head, left, w/broad diadem, 3 ribbons; long hair in 5 waves, mustache, long pointed beard; necklet w/center medallion; cuirass w/star on chest; complete dotted border;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand; monogram below bow; 6-line legend: BΛΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓΛΛoV APΣΛKoV (the last two letters having been moved to the right side by one letter height) EVEPΓE(ToV)(this line beginning at the level of the last letters of the previous line) EΠIIΦΛNoVΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNo(Σ);

ex: B. Peus, Germany, auction 388/389 (ex: R. Gonnella collection);
ex: G. Hirsch, Germany, auction 176.

Schatz
IMGP3565Phr4combo.jpg
Phraates IV., 38 - 2 BC10 viewsAR dr., 3,76gr, 20,4mm; Sellwood 52.32var.(star on rev.), Shore 288, Sunrise -;
mint: Mithradatkart; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/ broad 3-layer diadem, knot and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, medium-long pointed beard; warts on forehead and next to nostril; segmented necklace w/center medallion; in the right upper field eagle on line offering diadem; dotted border 12 to 16h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below bow, star behind throne; 6-line garbled legend visible;

ex: B. Peus Auction 388, ex: B. Peus Auction 376
Schatz
IMGP3480Phr4combo.jpg
Phraates IV., 38 - 2 BC41 viewsAR dr., 3,98gr, 20,1mm; Sellwood 51.44, Shore 275, Sunrise -;
mint: Ekbatana; axis: 11h;
obv.: bare-headed bust, left, w/ broad 4-layer diadem, loop and 3 ribbons joined at the ends; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, medium-long pointed beard; segmented necklace w/center medallion; wart on forehead; cuirass w/star on chest
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below bow; 7-line legend: OACIΛEΩO OACIΛEΩV ΛPΣΛK EVEPΓETo >IKΛIoY EΠIΦANoVΣ (Φ)IΛEΛΛHNo(Σ);
a Sellwood plate coin;

ex: Baldwin’s Auction 90 (ex: David Sellwood Collection).
2 commentsSchatz
IMGP3511Phr4combo.jpg
Phraates IV., 38 - 2 BC19 viewsAR dr., 3,66gr, 21,8mm; Sellwood 52.10, Shore 276, Sunrise -;
mint: Ekbatana; axis: 13h;
obv.: bare-headed bust, left, w/ broad 4-layer diadem and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, medium-long pointed beard in 3 rows of curls; segmented necklace w/center medallion; wart on forehead; cuirass; in right upper field eagle on line offering diadem; dotted border 7 to 13h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below bow; 7-line legend: BΛ(C)IΛEΩC BΛCI(Λ)EΩN ΛPΣΛ(KoV) ΔIKAIoV (E)VEPΓEToV (the 2 previous lines to be read from the inside) EΠIΦANoVΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNo(Σ).
Schatz
IMGP3509Phr4combo.jpg
Phraates IV., 38 - 2 BC17 viewsAR dr., 3,58gr, 18,2mm; Sellwood 52.10, Shore 276, Sunrise -;
mint: Ekbatana; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed bust, left, w/ broad 4-layer diadem and 3 ribbons joined at the ends; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, long beard squared off at the tip; segmented necklace w/center medallion; wart on forehead; cuirass; in right upper field eagle offering diadem; stern looking face, transition to the Eastern looking series from Ekbatana;
rev.: archer, right, on legless and seatless throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below bow; 7-line legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ BΛΣIΛEΩN APΣAKoV ΔIKAIoV EVEPΓETo(V) (the 2 previous lines to be read from the inside) EΠIΦANoVC (ΦI)ΛEΛΛHN(oC);

ex: H. Lanz, Germany.
Schatz
IMGP3548Phr4combo.jpg
Phraates IV., 38 - 2 BC9 viewsAR dr., 3,23gr, 19,7mm; Sellwood 52.21, Shore -, Sunrise -;
mint: Susa; axis: 13:h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/ broad 4-layer diadem and 4 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, medium-long shaped beard; segmented necklace w/center medallion; in the right upper field eagle on line offering diadem; dotted border 10 to 15h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below bow, second bow; 7-line legend; BΛCIΛEΩC(mostly off flan) BΛCIΛEΩ(N) APCΛVo(V) CICIΓCOV ΔIKΛIoV (the 2 bottom lines to be read from the inside) (E)ΠIΦΛNVC (ΦIΛ)EΛΛHNCC;

ex: Civitas Gallery, ex: Numismatic Fine Arts, USA.
Schatz
IMGP3546Phr4combo.jpg
Phraates IV., 38 - 2 BC28 viewsAR dr., 3,63gr, 18,35mm; Sellwood 52.22, Shore -, Sunrise -;
mint: Susa; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/ broad 4-layer diadem and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, medium-long shaped beard; wart on forehead; segmented necklace w/center medallion; in the right upper field eagle on line offering diadem; dotted border 11 to 14h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below bow, monogram H behind head; 6-line legend visible; OACIΛEΛC OACIΛE(ΛN) (E)VEIΓETOV ΔIKΛIOV (the 2 bottom lines to be read from the inside) EΠIΦANOYC (Φ)IΛEΛΛHNOC;

ex: Indus Valley Coins, UK.
1 commentsSchatz
IMGP3558Phr4combo.jpg
Phraates IV., 38 - 2 BC13 viewsAR dr., 3,77gr, 19,7mm; Sellwood 52.31var.(exergual line), Shore -, Sunrise -;
mint: court at Susa; axis: 14:30h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/ broad 4-layer diadem and 4 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, medium-long shaped beard; wart on forehead; segmented necklace w/center medallion; in the right upper field eagle on line offering diadem; dotted border 13:30 to 14h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below bow; 6-line legend visible; 1. line off flan, IΛCIΛCΩ(C) IΛCIΛCΩN ΛICIΛO CVCIΓ(rest off flan) ΔIKΛIOV (the last 2 lines to be read from the inside) EΠIΦANO(VC) outside left line off flan; very large straight exergual line;

ex: H. Hass, Germany.
Schatz
IMGP3581Phr4combo.jpg
Phraates IV., 38 - 2 BC11 viewsAR dr., 3,67gr, 18,8mm; Sellwood 53.6var.(obv. star removed) , Shore -, Sunrise -;
mint: Rhagai; axis: 14:30h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/ broad 4-layer diadem, loop and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, medium-long beard squared off at the tip; warts on forehead and next to nostril; segmented necklace w/center medallion; in the right upper field eagle on dotted line offering diadem, the star in the left upper field has been removed; dotted border 12 to 14h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below bow, star behind throne; 6-line garbled legend visible;
Schatz
IMGP3567Phr4combo.jpg
Phraates IV., 38 - 2 BC13 viewsAR dr., 3,91gr, 19,4mm; Sellwood 52.32/33var.(symbol behind head on rev.), Shore 288var.(same), Sunrise 395;
mint: Mithradatkart; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/ broad 3-layer diadem and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, short pointed beard in 2 rows of curls; warts on forehead and next to nostril; segmented necklace w/center medallion; in the right upper field eagle on line offering diadem; dotted border 12 to 15:30h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below bow, star behind throne, large σ above bow; 7-line legend visible: BΛCIΛEΩ(C) IΛCIΛEΩN, the following 4 lines are garbled, (ΦI)ΛCΛΛNN(OC);

ex: H. Hass, Germany.
Schatz
IMGP3569Phr4combo~0.jpg
Phraates IV., 38 - 2 BC11 viewsAR dr., 3,71gr, 19,4mm; Sellwood 52.35, Shore -, Sunrise -;
mint: Rhagai; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/ broad 3-layer diadem, loop and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, short pointed beard in 4 rows of curls; wart on forehead; segmented necklace w/center medallion; in the right upper field eagle on dotted line offering diadem; faint dotted border 10:30 to 15:30h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one vise-like hand, monogram below bow, crescent behind head; 7-line partial legend visible: (BΛC)IΛEΩ(C) BACIΛEΩ(N), the remaining lines are broken up;
in: Parthika.fr, Les Différents Types;

ex: B. Peus Auction 388.
Schatz
IMGP3575Phr4combo.jpg
Phraates IV., 38 - 2 BC21 viewsAR dr., 3,89gr, 19,7mm; Sellwood 53 type, Shore -, Sunrise -;
mint: Areia; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/broad diadem and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, short beard; wart on forehead; necklace w/center medallion; in the right upper field eagle, in the left a star; dotted border 7:30 to 14:30h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand, monogram below bow, eagle w/diadem behind head; 7-line totally garbled legend;

Schatz
VII_Sacrifice_Cldc_medallion.jpg
PMTRP VII Sacrif Cldc med84 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: P_MTRPVII_COSII_PP, SC left and right, low in field
Severus Alexander, laureate, togate, standing front, head left, sacrificing out of patera in right hand over ligted tripod left and holding scroll in left hand at side
Cf. BMC 467 (normal weight), RIC 484
Weight, 24.85g; die axis, 12h.
medallion size flan
3 commentsmix_val
VIII_Medallion_Dsd.jpg
PMTRP VIIII Dlsd, Decennalia issue 59 viewsObverse: IMPSEVALE_XANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, left shoulder slightly draped
Reverse: P_MTRP VIIII round edge, COS III PP in ex. S and C low in field, l and r, respectively.
Severus Alexander, obverse Dlsd, and reverse seated on Curule chair holding Victory in r. hand and long sceptre in l, crowned by Victory, naked to the waist, holding palm-branch in l. hand; before him, Virtus helmeted in military dress, standing front head turned back r., resting r. hand on shield, inscribed VOT X, set on cippus, and holding parazonium in l. hand.
BMC 667-8, RIC 510
Weight, 12.61g; die axis, 12h.
1 commentsmix_val
porzellan_Scheuch1050a.jpg
Porcelain Medal, "Deutschlands schwerste Zeit", Scheuch 1050a5 viewsPorcelain medal "Deutschlands schwerste Zeit"
Porcelain, 42mm, 13.07g, 345°
Meissner Porzellanmanufaktur Berlin, Design Emil Paul Börner (?), 1923
obv. * DEUTSCHLAND SCHWERSTE ZEIT * 1918 - 1923
Kneeling wife with waving hair holding a burning torch, r. beside her a kneeling man,
holding in r. hand hammer, l. hand chained up
below 2 crossed swords (for Meissen Porcelain)
rev. * WELTKRIEG 1914 - 1918 * REVOLUTION 9. NOVEMBER 1918
In field square with inscription in 10 lines:
UNTERZEICHNUNG / DES FRIEDENSVERTRAGES / 16.9.1919 /
RUHRBESETZUNG / 11.1.1923 / AM 1. DEZ. 1923 / KOSTETE /
1 PFD. BROT 260 MILLO. / 1 PFD. FLEISCH 2 BILL. / 1 GOLDMARK = 1 BILL.
ref. Scheuch 1050a, scarce

The inscription is referring to the hyperinflation 1923 in Germany.
Jochen
Presidential_Peace_Medal_Group.jpg
Presidential Indian Peace Medals 1789 - 188933 viewsIndian Peace medals were issued by the United States Mint from 1801 to 1889 (Washington and John Adams medals were produced in the 1820's). This gallery consists of restrikes minted during the 20th Century.

Note: No medals were minted for 9th President William Henry Harrison, who died one month after taking office. A medal honoring Harrison's brief Presidency was issued in the 1880's, but is not a part of the Peace series.

To see individual medals with full descriptions, click link below:

Indian Peace Medals
Matt Inglima
Pro_Numismatica.jpg
Pro Numismatica47 viewsPro Numismatica medal given 25th May 2014 at FNA's 100 years meeting.
135 mm.
By Erkki Kannosto.
Pekka K
Probus Medallion Cast Obv_S.jpg
Probus Medallion (UNIFACE PLASTER CAST)90 viewsObv:- IMP PROBVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right, holding pugio, cuirass decrated with Medusa

UNIFACE PLASTER CAST
1 commentsmaridvnvm
produktive_pfänder.jpg
Productive Distrainors11 viewsbronze medal, 40.42g, 50.66mm, 0°
without signature
obv. PRODUKTIVE - PFÄNDER
A German coal miner with hammer, mallet and light squeezed out in a press by the Gallic
Cock in boots and wearing gun
below 11.JAN.1923
rev. ES HANDELT / SICH NICHT DARUM / DEUTSCHLAND ZU / RUINIEREN, DAS /
WOLLEN / WIR NICHT!
text in 6 lines, beneath PONCARE
all covered by a big question mark

Translation:
obv. produktive distrainors (France has occupied the Ruhr after Germany wasn't able to
implement the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles.
rev. It's not the point to ruin Germany, that's not what we want to do!

Propaganda medal against Poincare and the French occupation of the Ruhr
Jochen
WilhelmIIKolnSportsMedal.JPG
Prussia. Kaiser Wilhelm II Sports Medal138 viewsObv. Head right WILHELM II DEUTSCHER KAISER
Rev. Ornate wreath INTERNATIONALE SPORTS AUSSTELLUNG/ FUR HERVORRAGENDE LEISTUNGEN / KOLN 1889 Initials A. B. scratched into surface below LEISTUNGEN.
AE 50mm.
LordBest
Bismarck1885.JPG
Prussia. Reichs Chancellor Prince Otto von Bismarck 70th Birthday Medal 1885.181 viewsObv. Uniformed bust right REICHSKANZLER FURST BISMARCK/ *4 JUNI 1835* PATRIAE INSERVIENDO CONSUMOR *4 JUNI 1885*
Rev. Bismarck coat of arms, IN TRINITATE ROBUR on wreath, 1815 1 APRIL 1885
AE 38mm.

I believe this medal commemorates both Bismarcks' 70th birthday and his 50th year in the service of the state in 1885.
LordBest
Kronprinz_Friedrich_Wilhelm_AE60_Medallion_.jpeg
Prussia: Kronprinz Friedrich Wilhelm & Wittenberg expo46 viewsKronprinz Friedrich Wilhelm AE60 Medallion. 60.2mm, 77.8g
Obv: his bare head right, FRIEDRICH WILHELM KRONPRINZ VON PREUSSEN * PROTECTOR * Rev: Germania standing, facing with figures representing the trades to either side. "Allgemeine Deutsche Gewerbe und Industrie Ausstellung Wittenberg". Ex Barry & Darling. Ex areich, photo credit areich
Podiceps
Prussian_Medal.jpg
Prussian Commemorative Medal for the Franco-Prussian War 1870-187139 viewsCross pattée, with rays between the arms, inscribed ‘1870 1871’ within a laurel wreath

Rx:

Crowned monogram of King Wilhelm
'Dem siegreichen Heere'
Circumscribed ‘Gott war mit uns Ihm sei die Ehre’

Edge: "Aus Erobertem Geschuetz" (Made from enemy Cannon.)

Will Hooton
13528899_1132024050203053_7343109708134358914_n.jpg
Queen Victoria British Silver "Widow Head" Florin 12 viewsType: Queen Victoria British Silver "Widow Head" Florin
Origin: Great Britain Cat. Num.: KM# 781
Era / Ruler: Victoria Face Value: 1 Florin
Issued from: 1893 Issued until: 1901
Alignment: Medal M Desgr. / Engr.: Thomas Brock, Edward Poynter
Obverse: Victoria mature veiled bust left
Reverse: Crowned shields of England, Scotland and Ireland
Edge: Reeded
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.9250
Weight(g): 11.3104g
Weight(Oz): 0.36 Oz
Net Content: 0.34 Oz (10.46g)
Bullion Value: $6.58
Diameter: 28.00mm
The British two shilling coin, also known as the florin, was issued from 1849 until 1967. It was worth one tenth of a pound, or twenty-four old pence. It should not be confused with the medieval gold florin, which was nominally worth six shillings.
In 1968, in the run-up to decimalisation, the two shilling coin was superseded by the decimal ten pence coin, which had the same value and initially the same size and weight. It continued in circulation, alongside the ten pence, until 1993, when the ten pence was reduced in size.
Antonivs Protti
Ralph_Waldo_Emerson_1968_NYU_Hall_of_Fame.JPG
Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1968 NYU Hall of Fame Medal29 views"By the rude bridge that arched the flood,
Their flag to April’s breeze unfurled,
Here once the embattled farmers stood,
And fired the shot heard round the world."

Excerpt from The Concord Hymn by Ralph Waldo Emerson
Matt Inglima
Clipboard~5.jpg
Reichsbanknote - Ein Hundert Mark37 viewsRed serial number and seal. Serial number 29mm long.

Medallic woman's head supported by 2 women

7/2/1908
Will Hooton
Titus001.jpg
RIC 0108 Titus denarius159 viewsIMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M
Laureate head right

TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P
Wreath on curule chair.

3.27g

Rome 79 AD

RIC 108 (C2), RSC 318


In the Roman Republic, and later the Empire, the curule seat (sella curulis, supposedly from currus, "chariot") was the chair upon which senior magistrates or promagistrates owning imperium were entitled to sit, including dictators, masters of the horse, consuls, praetors, censors, and the curule aediles. According to Livy the curule seat, like the Roman toga, originated in Etruria and it has been used on surviving Etruscan monuments to identify magistrates. The curule chair is used on Roman medals as well as funerary monuments to express a curule magistracy; when traversed by a hasta (spear), it is the symbol of Juno.

The curule chair was traditionally made of or veneered with ivory, with curved legs forming a wide X; it had no back, and low arms. Although often of luxurious construction, the Roman curule was meant to be uncomfortable to sit on for long periods of time, the double symbolism being that the official was expected to carry out his public function in an efficient and timely manner, and that his office, being an office of the republic, was temporary, not perennial.
6 commentsJay GT4
Robert_E_Lee_1965_NYU_Hall_of_Fame.JPG
Robert E. Lee, 1965 NYU Hall of Fame Medal36 viewsObv: THE HALL OF FAME FOR GREAT AMERICANS AT NEW YORK UNIVERSITY - ROBERT E. LEE - 1808 - 1870, three-quarter bust of the Confederate General facing left, holding a saber in his right hand, cloak floating behind him.

Rev: An allegory for the struggle of Brother versus Brother depicted by two naked warriors on horseback engaged in mortal combat; at the horses feet is a broken chain signifying the fractured Union.

Designed by: Donald De Lue (1897 - 1988)
Mint: Medallic Art Company

Bronze: 44 mm
Matt Inglima
Roger_Williams_1963_HOF_Medal.JPG
Roger Williams, 1963 NYU Hall of Fame Medal31 viewsMatt Inglima
Septimius_Severus_AE45_medallion_of_Acrasus,_Lydia.jpg
Roman Empire / Emperor Septimius Severus AE45 medallion of Acrasus, Lydia.38 viewsSeptimius Severus AE45 medallion of Acrasus, Lydia. 43.5 gr.

AYT KAI L CEP CEOYHROC PER, laureate, draped cuirassed bust
right, countermark of Artemis Ephesia standing facing (Howgego 234.)
EPI CTRA ONHCIPFOROY APOLL TO B AKRACIWTWN (or [2] EPI CTR
FILODHMOY NOYMERIANOY AKRACIWTWN), Biga of stags right
with statue of Artemis Ephesia standing half right with supports.

SNG von Aulock 2883; Hirsch Collection 1571; [2] SNG Cop 6.

Coin is listed at Wildwinds.

From the Sam Mansourati Collection.
Sam
antinoi.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Antinous Medallion937 viewsHadrian favourite,Antinous,Medallion 40 gr,39 mm,very fine condition,very rare8 commentsjames
020O~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Commodus AE36 Medallion107 viewsHierocaesarea mint
Magistrate (archon) Artemidoros
BMC Lydia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, Imhoof-Blumer -
24.976 g, maximum diameter 36.4mm, die axis 180o,
Obverse AVT KAI Λ AVPH KOMMO∆O, laureate and cuirassed bust right;
Reverse ΕΠΙ[...]ΟΥ[...] ΑΡΤΕΜΙ∆ΟΡΟΥ ΑΡΧ[...] ΙΕΡΟΚΑΙCΑΡΕΩΝ, Artemis standing half-right wearing chiton; Leto standing half-left holding patera; Apollo standing half-left, naked, resting left hand on lyre; nice armored bust.

An interesting reverse depicting a mythological scene: Leto and her children Artemis and Apollo. The two were fathered by Zeus, arousing Hera's jealousy. Leto was banned from giving birth on earth or sea, but found the island of Delos, which supposedly was not connected to either.

(all notes from FORVM website)

Extremely rare with no other specimens found on Wildwinds.com, acsearch.info or coinarchives.com, or in Loebbecke, Scholz or all the Imhoof additions.

[One same size, same obv. die as {this coin}, same magistrate (archon) Artemidoros, but different rev. type (river god reclining), in RPC temp. (online) 8174 = Peus 365, 2000, Burstein 696, there stated to be unpublished and apparently unique.

(Many thanks to Mr. Curtis Clay and Ms. Dane Kurth "Helvetica" for further information)
3 commentsMark Z
Trajan_AE28~1.jpg
Roman Empire Provincial, Trajan AE28114 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. AE 28 (Struck on medallic flarn). Caesarea (Cappadocia). 98-99 AD. (13.82gr, 28.13mm). Obv: AYTOKP KAIC NER TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM, Laureate head right. Rev: ΔHMAΡX/EΞ ΥΠAT B in two lines within wreath.

BMC (Cappadocia) 91-99
3 commentsPaddy
Trajan_AE25_FAC.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Trajan, AE25 Abdera Thrace Nike62 viewsObverse: AYTO TPAIANW KAISARI CEBACTW, laureate bust right.
Reverse: GERMA DAKI-KW - ABDHREITAI, Nike standing left on Pedestal, holding Wreath and Palm.

Diameter: 25.6 x 26.2 x 1.6 mm, Weight: 7.41 g, Die axis: 180 degrees
Mint: Abdera, Thracia, 102 - 117 A.D. Reference: RPC 803


On 29 July last year Michel Amandry kindly contacted me, after my inquiry with the British Museum's Coins and Medals Department, about this coin. Michel mentioned that only two examples had been known, one in the Ashmolean Museum collection, Oxford (= NC 1953, 21/2 and pl. I, n°2) and the other found during excavations at Abdera (Abdera excavations E 91/N 56).With many thanks to Michel, this coin will be cited in the upcoming RPC Volume III (British Museum Press, 1 October 2015)
Masis
Commodus_Bronze_Medaillon.jpg
Roman Empire, Commodus, Bronze Medallion127 viewsObv. M AUREL COMMODUS ANTONINVS AVG PIVS, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. P M TR P VIIII IMP VI COS IIII P P / TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Pomona seated right, holding corn ears and poppy in left hand, right hand raised to grapevine, below which two children in tub, and a third at feet of goddess.
Mint: Rome, 183 AD.

40mm 65.92g

Ex Tradart Sale 21, 15th February 2018, Lot 139.
Ex Ars Classica XVIII, Lucerne 1938, Lot 292.
Ex Dr. Jacob Hirsch, Auction 18, 27th May 1907, Lot 1031.
Ex Collection Dr. Friedrich Imhoof-Blumer.

Pomona, a goddess among the Romans, presiding over fruit -trees. Her worship was of long standing at Rome, where there was a Flamen Pomonalis who sacrificed to her every year for the preservation of the fruit. She lived in the time of Procas, king of Alba, devoted to the culture of gardens, to which she confined herself and shunning all society with the male deities.
Vertumnus, under various shapes, tried to win her hand, sometimes he came as a reaper, sometimes as a haymaker, another time as a ploughman or a wine-dresser, a soldier and a fisherman, but to equally little purpose. At length, under the guise of an old woman, he won the confidence of the goddess. And, by enlarging on the evils of a single life and the blessings of the wedded state, by launching out into the praises of Vertumnus, and relating a tale of the punishment of female cruelty to a lover, he moved the heart of Pomona; whereupon, resuming his real form, he obtained the hand of the no longer reluctant nymph.

Felicitas Temporum ("Prosperity of the Times"), reflecting a Golden Age ideology, was among the innovative virtues that began to appear during the reigns of Trajan and Antoninus Pius. Septimius Severus, whose reign followed the exceedingly brief tenure of Pertinax and unsatisfactory conditions under Commodus, used coinage to express his efforts toward restoring the Pax Romana, with themes such as Felicitas Temporum and Felicitas Saeculi, "Prosperity of the Age" (saeculum), prevalent in the years 200 to 202. Some Imperial coins use these phrases with images of women and children in the emperor's family.
6 commentskc
Picture_6~8.png
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, RIC VII 1915 viewsCONSTANTINE I. 307-337 AD. Ć Follis (13mm 0.9gms). Constantinople mint.
Obv: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, laureate head right.
Rev: SPES PVBLIC across field, labarum, with three medallions on drapery and crowned by a christogram, spearing serpent.
13mm 0.9gms
RIC VII 19.

This is a small coin that I purchased with other coins from a UK metal detectorist. It was found in North Yorkshire UK.
jessvc1
Gallienus~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Gallienus Antoninian - unpublished328 viewsGallienus AR-Antoninianus, struck at Milan mint.
Obv: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate bust with bare back and large aegis on strap left.
Rev: VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules standing right, holding club and lion skin.
Ř 20-24 mm 3.12 g.
Not in RIC and Göbl, apparently unpublished.

Curtis Clay and his friend Markus Weder kindly provided me with some additional information:
"Other examples of this rare bust type on Milan coins of the same issue: Göbl pl. 82, 1034u (rev. MARTI PACIFE, P in l. field); pl. 84, 1044u (rev. VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules stg. l. holding branch, club, and lionskin). Neither ill. spec. is from the same obv. die as your coin.
Other AVGG coins of the same issue at Milan: pl. 84, 1044u, just cited; 1045o (apparently from the same VIRTVS AVGG rev. die, different sort of armored obv. die). Pl. 72, 937z (ADVENTVS AVGG Emp. on horseback, obv. of Saloninus as Caesar). Pl. 71, 929r (bronze medallion, ADLOCVTIO AVGG Emp. and two attendants on platform addressing troops)." Markus Weder knows of just one other specimen of my coin, ex Gibraltar hoard, it is in his own collection.
Pscipio
HADRIAN-BRITANICUS.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, HADRIAN - EXERC BRITANNICUS168 viewsSestertius of Hadrian, AD 122. EXERC BRITANNICVS SC ("For the army of Britain, by order of the Senate") RIC 913.
The reverse shows Hadrian addressing the troops in England, standing on a low plinth, clearly showing the Roman soldiers with their standards.
Coin currently in the British Museum Department of Coins and Medals (gallery 49, case 14).
Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS 111 PP ("Hadrian Augustus, three times consul, father of his country")
1 commentsPetitioncrown
HADRIAN-BRITANICUS~1.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, HADRIANVS BRITANNICVS1181 viewsSestertius of Hadrian, AD 122. EXERC BRITANNICVS SC ("For the army of Britain, by order of the Senate") RIC 913. Coin currently in the British Museum Department of Coins and Medals (gallery 49, case 14).
Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS 111 PP ("Hadrian Augustus, three times consul, father of his country")
21 commentsPetitioncrown
s03_var2.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Septimius Severus MINERVA denarius171 viewsRIC 61 (3,67 gm, 19,5 mm).
Mint of Rome, 195 AD.

Wide & bold coin.
Completed "medal" obverse
with a rare style of portrait.
It is looks like an early
Rome mint portraits on sestertii!
Unusual specimen for this type!

MINERVA
2 commentsneander
78767143_10220396954778191_4134715065389547520_o[1]~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, SEPTIMUS SEVERUS & JULIA DOMNA 200-201AD , 161a SILVER DENARIUS DOUBLE STRIKE 13 viewsSEPTIMUS SEVERUS & JULIA DOMNA 200-201AD ,
161a
SILVER DENARIUS
18MM
WEIGHT 3 GRMS
DIE AXIS - MEDALLIC
DOUBLE STRIKE

2 commentsGarry C
Severus_Alexander_Bimetallic_Medaillon_2.jpg
Roman Empire, Severus Alexander, Bimetallic Medaillon91 viewsObv. IMP CAES M AVREL SEV ALEXANDER PIVS FELIX AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, seen from behind.
Rev. PONTIF MAX TR P V COS II P P, Alexander on quadriga right, holding eagle-tipped scepter and olive branch, crowned by Victory.
Mint: Rome, 226 AD.

38mm 41.44g

Cohen 481?


Curtis Clay

"A spectacular acquisition!

I know of two other specimens of this medallion:

(1) In ANS, ex Newell Coll.; ex Naville X, 1926, 1765; ex Hirsch 29, 1910, Herzfelder Coll., 1221; ex Sotheby, 29 June 1893, Hermann Weber Coll., 230; doubtless ex Northwick Sale, 1860, 333 (description only). Published by Toynbee, Roman Medallions, p. 85, note 103 and Fagerlie, ANS Medallions, Museum Notes 15, 1969, p. 82.

From the same dies as yours, 55.14g, and also bimetallic according to the Naville X catalogue, though Fagerlie fails to mention this fact and it's not clear one way or the other from the photographs.

(2) In Paris according to Gnecchi no. 21, 50.0g, not illustrated, no mention of bimetallic, but personal examination would be needed to be sure!"
3 commentskc
Julian_II_RIC_VIII-312.jpg
Roman Imperial: Julian II (361-363) AR Siliqua, Arelate (RIC VIII 312; RSC V 148c)20 viewsObv: DN FL CL IVLI-ANVS PF AVG; Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: VOT / X / MVLT / XX in laurel wreath, circular medallion at top of wreath; TCONST in exergue

Ex Harptree Hoard
1 commentsQuant.Geek
Theodosius_II_RIC-449.jpg
Roman Imperial: Theodosius II (402-450 CE) Ć Nummus, Uncertain mint, Cyzicus? (RIC 441/444/447/449)9 viewsObv: D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG; diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Theodosius II right
Rev: Cross within wreath with medallion containing X at top; mint mark in exergue off flan
Quant.Geek
Hannibal.jpg
Roman Medal 9 viewsScipio the African, (236-183 BC), with Hannibal (247-183) by Valerio Belli circa 1520

Bronze 41 mm.

Obverse: SCIPIO ΛFRICΛNVS, bareheaded bust of Scipio Africanus left
Reverse: ΛNIBΛL PVNICVS, bareheaded bust of Hannibal left.

References: Johnson & Martini 795
Tanit
10400525.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Spinther AR Denarius70 viewsRome, The Republic.
Pub. Lentulus P.f.L.n. Spinther, 71 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.85g; 18mm).
Rome Mint

Obv: Q●S●C; Hercules head right.

Rev: P●LENT●P●F / [L]●N; Genius Romani seated facing on chair, holding coruncopia and scepter, being crowned by Victory.

Provenance: ex Collection of a Director [Triton XX (10 Jan 2017) Lot 525; ex Eton College Collection [Sotheby's (1 Dec 1976) Lot 219).

In my humble opinion, this is one of the more artistic reverse types of the Roman Republic denarius series – almost Greek in execution. It depicts Genius of the Roman People exerting dominance over the world with one foot on the globe while being crowned victorious. The message may be related to the ongoing wars with Sertorius in Spain, Mithridates in the East and possibly the servile revolt led by Spartacus in Italy (if the 71BC date proposed by Hersh and Walker is accepted, see below). Other members of the Cornelia gens also depicted Genius of the Roman People on their coinages, so the cult of Genius may have been important to the family, or it may be coincidental that the Corneliae happened to strike these coins during strife when the message of the Genius of the Roman People would have been appropriate. Crawford agrees with the latter explanation. SC [Senatus consulto] in the obverse legend suggests it was struck by special decree of the Roman Senate.

The coin is scarce and missing from many major hoards, making it difficult to precisely date. In fact, it’s listed in only four hoards on Table XIII in Crawford’s Roman Republican Coin Hoards. Of those four hoards: in two hoards (Cosa and Palestrina), it’s deemed the final issue (terminus ante quem), lacking the context of later coins; in the third hoard (Tolfa), it’s the next to last issue with the last being a serrate denarius of Q. Creperei Rocus, which Crawford dates to 72BC; and in the fourth hoard (San Gregorio), it appears in the middle context in which Rocus is again the next latest coin. Crawford’s Roman Republican Coinage dates the coin 74BC, concurring with Grueber’s dating in the British Museum Catalogue. David Sear stuck with Crawford’s dating of 74BC in the Millennium Edition of Roman Coins and Their Values. However, in their 1984 analysis of the Mesagne Hoard (which contained no examples of this coin), Hersh and Walker revised the dating to 71BC, which lumps the Spinther issue with several other, non-serrate, “SC” issues of the late 70s. Hersh and Walker re-date the serrate Rocus issue to 69BC, where it is lumped with other serrate issues. In my collection catalogue, I’ve chosen to use the 71BC date proposed by Hersh and Walker, because it fits neatly with the fabric and special circumstances of the coinage and is consistent with the cursus honorum dates discussed in the following paragraph.

The moneyer was the Quaestor, P. Cornelius Lentulus, whose nickname was Spinther (reportedly because he resembled an actor by that name). It was a nickname that he clearly liked as both he and his son later used it on coins. Spinther, an aristocrat of the Cornelia gens, was liked by Julius Caesar and rose through the cursus honorum, beginning with his Quaestorship when this coin was struck. He was elected Aedile in 63BC and worked with Cicero in suppressing the Cataline conspiracy. The date of his Aedileship is important in that 6-8 years was the required waiting period between Quaestor and Aedile in the cursus honorum, the career path for a Roman politician, which is consistent with Hersh and Walker’s proposed dating of this coin issue to 71BC; Crawford’s dating of 74BC implied that Spinther failed to reach the Aedileship for several years after he qualified for the position (being elected in the first qualification year was an important distinction to the Romans, though certainly an accomplishment that many Roman aristocrats failed to attain). He was later governor of part of Spain. With Caesar’s help, he was elected consul in 57BC, when he recalled Cicero from exile. Thereafter he governed Cilicia, at which time Cicero wrote him a still-surviving letter. As relations deteriorated between Caesar and Pompey, Spinther sided with Pompey. Despite initial offers of amnesty by Caesar, Spinther would not remain neutral and was eventually killed or committed suicide during the civil wars. His son later allied with Caesar’s assassins and struck the well-known LENTVLVS SPINT coins for both Brutus and Cassius.

This example comes from the Eton College Collection, which was auctioned by Sotheby’s in 1976. Eton College initiated its ancient coin collection by acquiring a large group of British Museum duplicates in the 1870s, and Eton added to this collection in the ensuing years. By the mid-1970s, the ancient coin market was white-hot, and Eton decided to cash-out the lion’s share of its collection, keeping a representative core for study purposes. I’ve contacted the British Museum’s Department of Coins and Medals to link this coin to the original tranche of BM duplicates purchased by Eton. Unfortunately, before adoption of modern curatorial standards, the BM did not accession duplicates into the BM collection; rather, they simply put duplicates into the “duplicates cabinet” without cataloging them. These uncatalogued duplicates would be sold or traded from time to time to acquire needed specimens for the BM collection. There might be record of the transaction somewhere at the BM, but there would be no description of the duplicates sold. By 1980 or so, the BM began cataloguing all coins, even duplicates. There is an 1880s book published about Eton's Roman coin collection, but it describes only a representative sample of the collection and this coin is not included.

6 commentsCarausius
claude_Avers_hightF.jpg
Roman, Claudius, Amazing "Medallic" Clavdivs471 viewsAS
Mint: Roma
41 AD
Dimensions: 32mm/17,52grms ( theorical weight: 10,82grms)
Obverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP
"Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Pontifex Maximus Tribunitia Potestas Imperator".
Reverse: S-C
"Senatus Consulto"
Réf : Cohen 84 var. (f.) - RIC. 100 - BMC. 149 - BN. 179.
Conservation: SUP
to see the reverse follow this link:
http://storage.canalblog.com/85/25/140642/30815258.jpg
6 commentsmoneta romana
40551q00.jpg
Roman, Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D.465 viewsSH40551. Bimetallic medallion, Cohen 376 var (300 fr., bust right, central reverse figure hand downward); Gnecchi II p. 57 No. 52 - 53 var (same), aEF, dark brown patina, Rome mint, weight 59.635g, maximum diameter 39.6mm, die axis 0o, 188 A.D.; obverse COMMODVS ANTONINVS PIVS FELIX AVG BRIT, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M TR P XIII IMP VIII COS V P P, MON AVG, three monetae standing slightly left, each with a scale in right and cornucopia in left, the center figure is smaller, right hand upward and standing on a short round base; ex Gorney & Mosch, auction 180, lot 404; ex Helios Numismatik auction 3, 155; possibly unique5 commentsJoe Sermarini
HADRIAN-BRITANICUS~0.jpg
Roman, HADRIAN, BRITANNICVS775 viewsSestertius of Hadrian, AD 122. EXERC BRITANNICVS SC ("For the army of Britain, by order of the Senate") RIC 913. Coin currently in the British Museum Department of Coins and Medals (gallery 49, case 14).
Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS 111 PP ("Hadrian Augustus, three times consul, father of his country")
5 commentsPetitioncrown
rossija.jpg
Russia: Rurik & Alexander II, 186282 viewsRussia; Rurik & Alexander II, 35mm. Medal commemorating the unveiling of the monument celebrating the millennium of the Russian state, 1862. Obverse with opposing portraits of Rurik and Alexander II beneath a radiant star and above the Imperial eaglePodiceps
19_Hayes_Indian_Peace_Medal.JPG
Rutherford B. Hayes Indian Peace Medal26 viewsObv: RUTHERFORD B. HAYES - PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, Bust of President Hayes (19th President) facing left.

Rev: PEACE within a sunburst, above; scene of a farmer showing a Native American chief the benefit of civilization; in exergue: crossed peace pipe and tomahawk, encircled by laurel wreath.

Engraver: George Morgan

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: circa 1877 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 59 x 76 mm
Matt Inglima
Valerian Junior 40.jpg
Saloninus - UNIFACE PLASTER CAST72 viewsObv:- LIC COR SAL VALERIANVS N CAES, Draped, bare headed bust right

Cast of a silvered AE Medallion,
Gnecchi 3.
Reverse is PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Saloninus in military attire left with globe and spear, captive at feet.
There are three originals known, this one in Paris (41 mm / 60 gr).

UNIFACE PLASTER CAST
maridvnvm
Samuel_L_Clemens_1963_HOF_Medal.JPG
Samuel L. Clemens (Mark Twain), 1963 NYU Hall of Fame Medal15 viewsMatt Inglima
IMGP0194Sasscombo.jpg
Sasanian Empire: Hormizd II, 303 - 309 AD15 viewsAR dr., 4,51gr., 26mm;
Göbl I/1a, Sunrise 815var.;
axis: 15h;
obv.: bust, right, w/eagle crown, korymbos, and diadem w/knot and ribbons; short curly beard, long hair in undulated bunch in back of neck; earring, necklace w/center medallion; tunic; Pahlavi legend on inside of complete dotted border;
rev.: fire altar in center w/ flames surrounding a bust, right, flanked by two attendants, the left one w/korymbos headgear, the right one w/mural crown, the altar being adorned w/a diadem; complete dotted border;

ex: Triskeles Auction 9, #60.
Schatz
IMGP0202Sasscombo.jpg
Sasanian Empire: Khusrow II, 591 -628 AD19 viewsSasanian Empire: Khusrow II, 591 -628 AD
AR dr., 4,15 gr, 32mm;
Göbl II/3, Sunrise 979var.;
mint: BBA (court), date: 623 AD, axis: 14h;
obv.: bust, right, w/winged mural crown topped by star and crescent; small star on either side of crown; large undulated bunch of hair in back of neck, mustache, short beard; earring, necklace w/center medallion; in right lower field crescent; Pahlavi legend to left and right inside the borders, complete double dotted border, on outside rim at 3, 6, and 9h crescent and star;
rev.: fire altar flanked by 2 facing attendants, ribbons at base, star and crescent on sides of flames; triple dotted border, outside borders at 3, 6, 9, and 12h crescent and star.

ex: Triskeles Auction 9, #74.
Schatz
Medaillen_Artemis_03_fac.jpg
Schwab, Artemis/Diana10 viewsMedal by André Pierre Schwab (1883 Nancy – 1969)
Obv: Artemis advancing right, holding bow, dog behind, signed SCHWAB
Rev: EVIAN, EXPOSITION CANINE INTERNATIONALE, 1932, laurel wreath
Silver Plated Bronze, 41mm, 30g
Ref.: Eng. 4387
shanxi
Anon_A2_type_40.jpg
Sear 181386 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 11.34g, diameter 30mm. Type 40 ornamentation. Inspection of the edge leads me to think that this specimen may have been mounted as a medallion or piece of jewellery at some point in its history, with its flan trimmed accordingly. 2 commentsAbu Galyon
s03.jpg
Septimius Severus denarius61 viewsRIC 61 (3,67 gm, 19,5 mm).
Mint of Rome, 195 AD.

Wide & bold coin.
Completed "medal" obverse with very rare style of portrait.
This is most like early Rome mint portraits on sestertii!
Rare condition for this type!

MINERVA
1 commentsneander
Septimius_Severus_Urbs.jpg
Septimius Severus Denarius Urbs18 viewsAR Denarius
Septimius Severus, 193-211 CE
Diameter: 18 mm, Weight: 3.23 grams, Die axis: 6h

Obverse: SEVERVS AVG PART MAX
Laureate bust to right.

Reverse: RESTITVTOR VRBIS
Severus, wearing military dress, standing left and sacrificing over tripod while holding spear.

Mint: Rome

Notes:
- Refers to the urban renewal program begun in Rome circa 201 CE
- Severus was awarded the title of Parthia Maximus in 198 CE
- Severus denarii minted after 198 had a target weight of 3.4 grams and a silver purity of 56%.

Ex Colonial Coins & Medals, Brisbane 2011
Pharsalos
031.jpg
Severus Alexander Sestertius61 viewsRIC IVb 484v (draped only), Cohen 358v
27.19 g, 31 mm
Medallic Sestertius. 228 AD
IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate and draped bust right, seen from behind
P M TR P VII COS II P P, Severus standing left, sacrificing from patera over altar, holding roll in left hand
Rare
2 commentsMark Z2
Lusitania_Medal.jpg
Sinking of the RMS Lusitania Medallion, 191524 viewsObv: KEINE BANNWARE “No Contraband,” a depiction of the sinking of the R.M.S. Lusitania. Cannons and an airplane can be seen on her deck. Exergue: DER GROSSDAMPFER = LUSITANIA = DURCH EIN DEUTSCHES TAUCHBOOT VERSENKT 5 MAI 1915 ”The liner Lusitania sunk by a German submarine 5 May 1915” (the actual date of the sinking was May 7th)

Rev: GESCHÄFT ÜBER ALLES. ”Business above all,” A crowd of men, one reading a newspaper, standing clamoring to buy tickets from Death at the window of a ticket office. CUN[ARD] LINIE above ticket window, CUNARD to the right of window, FARHKARTEN AUSGABE ”Ticket Office” below. Exergue: K. G.

Designer: Karl Goetz

Note: This medallion is a British copy made for propaganda purposes. It is estimated that over 300,000 copies were produced and sold for 1 shilling each. It came in a presentation box, and included propagandist literature.

Cast iron, Diameter: 55.24 mm, Axis: 0⁰
Matt Inglima
Sogdiana_Chach_01.jpg
Sogdiana, Chach: Unknown Ruler (3rd-5th c.) AE Unit (Shagalov & Kuznetsov-1)44 viewsObv: Portrait of a ruler in profile facing left surrounded by a linear rim. The ruler has an almond shaped eyes, a large nose, sloping forehead, pointed chin with a forked beard, and small mustache. Hair is flowing down to his shoulders and individual strands of curly hair is intercepted by a tiara, which ends tied behind his head with two loops back down to his head. The top of the tiara has a crescent-shaped pommel attached. On the neck of the ruler is a jewlery with a round medallion in the middle.
Rev: Tamgra surrounded by Sogdian legend - c'c'n n'pn'c wnwn xw b - Chach people ruler - King Vanvan.
SpongeBob
Stephen_Foster_HOF_Medal.JPG
Stephen Collins Foster, 1964 NYU Hall of Fame Medal15 viewsObv: STEPHEN COLLINS FOSTER, bust of Stephen Foster, musical notations in field behind, 1826 - 1864.

Rev: Man playing banjo leaning against tree, in the distance are folk dancers on a riverbank, a log cabin, and a paddle-wheel riverboat beyond. THE HALL OF FAME FOR GREAT AMERICANS AT NEW YORK UNIVERSITY in field.

Designer: Walker Hancock, Mint: Medallic Art Company

Bronze, 44.5 mm
Matt Inglima
Coinstantius2_Galley_RQ.JPG
Struck A.D.348 - 350. CONSTANTIUS II as Augustus. AE Maiorina of Rome13 viewsObverse: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG. Laurel and rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Constantius II facing right; behind head, A.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Constantius II, bare-headed and in military dress, standing facing left on galley sailing left with Victory at the helm. Constantius holds globe surmounted by phoenix with wreath in its beak in his right hand and standard with Chi-Rho on banner in his left In left field, A; in exergue, RQ.
RIC VIII : 112
SCARCE

This coin is one of the vast issues struck for several years after a reform of the bronze coinage by Constantius II and Constans in conjunction with the 1100th anniversary of Rome in A.D.348. The coins depict historical events associated with these emperors. This reverse type, though struck under both emperors, was in the East struck only for Constans, even though this part of the Empire wasn't under his jurisdiction. It therefore more than likely alludes to Constans' crossing to Britannia in c.A.D.343 to repel incursions into the province by the Picts. An extremely rare gold medallion exists celebrating the same event, it depicts Constans and has the legend "BONONIA OCEANEN".
1 comments*Alex
JULIAN2_SILIQ_CON.JPG
Struck A.D.360 - 363. JULIAN II as Augustus. AR Siliqua of Arelate15 viewsObverse: D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG. Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of bearded Julian facing right.
Reverse: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines within laurel-wreath surmounted by medallion containing eagle; in exergue, PCONST.
RIC VIII : 309
1 comments*Alex
Louis_XIV_AE_(Brass)_Jeton.jpg
Struck c.1644 – 1645, Louis XIV (1643 - 1715), AE (Brass) Jeton6 viewsObverse: LVD•XIIII•D:G•FR•ET•NA•REX. Laureate and cuirassed youthful bust of Louis XIV facing right; • B • (for Briot) below.
Reverse: CONSILIO•NIL•NISI•. The escutcheon of France, surrounded by the chain of the Ordre du Saint-Esprit (Order of the Holy Spirit): Necklace and Cross. The legend translates as “He undertakes nothing without Council”, a reference to the administrative council of the king.

Struck at the Monnaie de Louvre mint, Paris, France
Die engraver: Nicholas Briot
Dimensions: 25.65mm | Weight: 5.4gms | Die Axis: 12
Ref. Feuardent: 239 var.

Nicholas Briot (c.1579–1646) was an innovative French coin engraver, medallist and mechanical engineer, who is credited with the invention of the coining-press. He emigrated to England in 1625 and in 1626 he was commissioned to make 'puncheons and dies' for the Coronation of Charles I. His Coronation Medal established his reputation and he went on to produce a considerable number of dies for medals and coins in the following years. In 1633, he was appointed chief engraver to the Royal Mint and went to Scotland to prepare and coin the coronation pieces of Charles I. These demonstrated both his artistic skill and the technical superiority of his new coining machinery and in 1635, on the death of Sir John Foulis, Briot was appointed Master of the Mint in Scotland and superintended the Scottish coinage for several years. Briot was then recalled to England by the King, and on the outbreak of the English Civil War he took possession of the coining apparatus at the Tower and had it removed 'for the purpose of continuing the coining operations in the cause of the King'. Briot travelled to France in the early 1640's and sent coining presses to his brother Isaac, now in a senior position at the Paris Mint, he died on Christmas Eve 1646.
*Alex
LOUIS_XIV_AE__NEC_PACE_MINOR.JPG
Struck c.1699, LOUIS XIV (1643 – 1715), AE (Brass) Jeton5 viewsObverse: LVDOVICVS•MAGNVS•REX•. Head of Louis XIV facing right; T•B in small letters below head.
Reverse: NEC•PACE•MINOR•. Hercules standing facing, head left, leaning on club in his left hand and holding cloak at his hip with his right; in exergue, crossed palms.

Struck at unidentified mint, possibly Caen, France
Die engraver: Thomas Bernard
Dimensions: 26.5mm | Weight: 5.1gms | Die Axis: 6
Ref. Feuardent: 12788

Thomas Bernard entered the King's service while still young and from 1685 to 1688 famously engraved dies to produce a history of Louis XIV in gold medallions. He was Engraver General at the Caen mint between 1693 and 1703.

This jeton was struck under the authority of the “Extraordinaire des Guerres” in commemoration of the signing of the “Peace of Rijswijk” on the 20th of September 1697. This treaty settled the War of the League of Augsburg (Nine Years' War), which had seen France pitted against the Grand Alliance of England, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire and the United Provinces.

Louis XIV was unusual by taking particular pleasure from having a large collection of coins and medals, claiming that he used his coins to instruct himself in classical history. He enjoyed his coin collection so much that, at Versailles, he had his cabinet of coins and medals placed where visitors passed every day, between the grand staircase and his apartments, so that he could see them and show them off.
*Alex
42796q00_Gustaf_Vasa_Silver_medal,_EF,_holed.jpg
Sweden: Gustav Vasa, issued c. 176063 viewsGustav Vasa, King of Sweden, 1523 - 1560 A.D. Silver medal, EF, holed, 14.081g, 33.7mm, 0o, c. 1760; obverse GVSTAVUS.I D.G.REX.SVECIAE., elaborate bust right; reverse 44 F ERICI DE WASA EQ AVR NAT 1490 E 1523.C.1528 QVIES AFFLICTAE PATRIAE REDDITA PVRIOR DEI OPT MAX, CVLTVS STABILITVS. CORONA HAEREDIT. FACTA 1544. M.1560. This medal is probably from a set of silver medals honoring monarchs issued c. 1760. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
305-3-horz.jpg
Swiss Shooting Medal13 views1892
The shooting fest was held in Zurich which is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zurich.

Richter: 1752a, Martin: 1038, Krause: 359
Designers: Bovy/Freytag
48mm Silver

I consider Swiss Shooting Medals to be small works of art and to some degree master pieces.

NGC MS-64

Purchased from Coins of the Realm in Rockville, MD – I no longer have cost data
1 commentsRichard M10
304-3.png
Swiss Shooting Medal16 views1893
The shooting fest was held in Binningen which is in the canton of Basel in Switzerland.

Richter: 123a, Martin: 74, Krause: 38
Designer: Homberg
45mm Silver
Mintage: 701

I consider Swiss Shooting Medals to be small works of art and to some degree master pieces. This particular medal is definitely my favorite. The depth of the strike is unbelievable (I don’t know how they do this) and the detail must be seen.

NGC MS-64
Purchased from Coins of the Realm in Rockville, MD – I no longer have cost data
Richard M10
Belt_3.jpg
Sword Belt Plate Fragment 1st century BC to 1st century AD.111 viewsThe left hand 1/3 of a large sword belt plate. The edge of the central medallion design can just be made out. According the Bishop and Coulston's Roman Military equipment, 2nd edition, figure 33, #2, this design dates from the Republican era. Similar items were found in Castillejo Spain. Mills Celtic and Roman Artefacts notes that these were attached with rivets and indeed a single rivet remains on the reverse of this plate fragment. otlichnik
laodikeia_elagabal_SNGcop272-373.jpg
Syria, Laodikeia ad Mare, Elagabal, BMC 10537 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 19, 4.60g
obv. IMP CM AVR.ANTONINUS
Head, radiate, r.
rev. LA[V]D[ICEWN]
Naked bearded Herakles, club behind, wrangling with naked youthful
Dionysos, with ivy wreath, [thyrsos behind]
in ex. DE
BMC 105; SNG Copenhagen 372-273
good F, red-brown patina

These male figures indicate certain certamina or public sports celebrated at Laodicea. On such occasions the competitors for the prize were stripped of clothing and annointed with oil and wax. They contended together with mutual grappling and liftingn whilst each endeavoured to give the other "a flooring." Hercules was, according to Pausanias, the reputed institutor of the olympic games. There are colonial medals of Caracalla which inform us that the certamina olympia were performed at Tyre; and this coin shows the probability of the same contests having been celebrated at Laodicea. (Stevenson, Dictionary of Roman Coins)
Jochen
Tarse Sévčre Alexandre.jpg
Tarsus (Cilicia) - Severus Alexander AE37108 views[ ... CE]OVHPOC AΛ[EΞAN]ΔPOC , laureate, draped and cuirassed bust ; Γ in field to right
Rev.: illegible circular legend. Apollo facing, resting on column. Beneath, Nike holding palm and wreath driving quadrifa right. In field : A M. K. / H MHTP. / Π. B.
3 commentsGinolerhino
Sancroft_Medal_.jpg
temp. STUART, William Sancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1677-1690, AR Medal by George Bower 1688 30 views* GVIL · SANCROFT · ARCHIEPISC · CANTVAR · 1688 Bust of William Sancroft, the Archbishop of Canterbury, wearing camauro and canonical robes, facing right.
Seven medallions of the Bishops committed to the Tower of London: Bishops Henry Compton (middle – London), Francis Turner (upper right, proceeding clockwise – Ely), Thomas Ken (Bath), Sir John Trelawney (Bristol), Thomas White (Peterborough), John Lake (Chichester), and William Lloyd (St. Asaph); twelve stars around; signed GB·F· (George Bower fecit) below.

MI 622/37; Eimer 288b. By G. Bower. Dated 1688.

(51 mm, 53.45 g, 12h).

CNG 85 (15 September 2010) Lot 1562: California Collection of British Historical Medals.

This remarkable medallion portrays no less than eight people directly associated with a historical event that did much to shape the modern secular British democracy. In 1687, King James II enacted unilaterally and against the will of the Parliament the Declaration of Indulgence as the first step in establishing the freedom of religion in England. The ensuing protest concerned the legality of James right to make the dispensation in the absence of the support of Parliament, plus the absence of a guarantee that the Anglican Church would remain as the established church. Many leaders within the clergy refused to read the Declaration in church from the pulpit as instructed by the King in early 1688. This culminated in a petition to the King against the reading of the Declaration. The petition originated from the hand of the Archbishop of Canterbury, William Sancroft, depicted on the obverse of the medal and was signed by the six other bishops identified around the margin of the reverse of the medallion. Bishop Henry Compton, depicted in the centre of the reverse, was included on the medal due to his earlier dissent to the King’s approach to Catholicism, for which James removed him from office.

The seven bishops who signed the petition were charged with seditious libel and imprisoned in the Tower of London in May 1688. Brought to trial before the Court of the King’s Bench, the bishops were acquitted. This served as a precursor to James’ deposition shortly thereafter.

This medal was issued following the trial, in commemoration of the action taken by William Sancroft and his fellow bishops in refusing to follow James II’s edict to read the Declaration of Indulgence from the pulpit. The medal connects directly with one of the key events in British history, which lead ultimately to the deposition of James II by his son-in-law and daughter, William III and Mary II of Orange on 5 November 1688. As a direct result of the action of the seven bishops, the right to petition the king was enshrined in the new Bill of Rights in 1689. Simplistically, some people see this medal as a testament to religious intolerance, although the issues of the time that brought it into being were far more complex, involving matters of secular authority, constitutional right, and the very basis of power in the evolving secular democratic British state. This is demonstrated by the decision of Sancfroft and five of the seven bishops that they could not swear allegiance to the new protestant King William III, for to do so would be a repudiation of their prior sworn loyalty to the deposed Catholic King James II. As a result, Sancroft was dismissed from his role in 1690 and died in relative obscurity three years later.

Few coins, or medals, connect so directly with history and in doing so depict so many influential participants. The medal was the work of George Bower (d. 1690) a medallist who worked in London from 1650-1689. He had been appointed to the position of Engraver of the Royal Mint and Embosser in Ordinary in 1664.
2 commentsn.igma
4230511.jpg
The Manifestation of 1848 and the Imprisonment of Blanqui17 viewsCast Tin Medal (47mm, 18.73 g, 12h)
UNIVERSELLE RÉPUBLIQUE DÉMOCRATIQUE SOCIALISTE UNE ET INDIVISIBLE (Universal Democratic Socialist Republic, One and Indivisible)/
Bust of Blanqui facing slightly right; liberty cap to left, carpenter's square to right; LE CITOYEN BLANQUI CALOMNIE/ 15 MAI 1848/ PRISONNIERS AU DONJON DE/ VINCENNES DE PAR LES/ REPUBLICAINS/ DU/ NATIONAL (False accusations against Citizen Blanqui, imprisoned in the dungeon of Vincennes by the nation's Republicans)
LIBERTÉ ÉGALITÉ FRATERNITÉ VIVRE LIBRE OU MOURIR! (Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity - Live free or die!)
BOURGEOIS./AVEC L´ÉTAT DE SIČGE/VOUS AUREZ L´ORDRE COMME/A VARSOVIE ET MILAN./L´HERBE ENTRE LES PAVÉS. LES/CANONS REMPLACERONT LES/CAMIONS PUIS LA/ BANQUE (skull-and-crossbones) ROUTE (Bourgeois, with the state of siege you will have orders as at Warsaw and Milan. The grass between the cobblestones, the cannons will replace the carriages then the road bank.)

De Saulcey, Souvenirs numismatiques de la Révolution de 1848 pl. 30, 1; Musée Carnavalet ND8752

Ex Mors in Nummis (HJR) Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 423, 27 June 2018), lot 511
Ardatirion
315-3-horz.jpg
This piece commemorates the 1000 Years of the Icelandic Althing7 views1930
This piece has a matte finish

I have owned this piece longer than any other piece in my collection

When I started collecting coins, this piece was reported to be one of the most beautiful coins of the 20th century. For that reason alone this coin became part of my collection.

When I purchased this piece it was listed in KM as a coin with the value of 10 Kronur. It has since been removed from KM and is only found in KM's Unusual World Coins. Its KM attribution is KM-M6 with the “M” indicating medal. I was once total it is not now considered a coin because the value is on the edge and not the Obverse or Reverse.

NGC MS-62

My cost $150
Richard M10
Thomas_Edison_1965_NYU_Hall_of_Fame.JPG
Thomas Alva Edison, 1965 NYU Hall of Fame Medal18 viewsMatt Inglima
Jefferson_Peace_Medal.jpg
Thomas Jefferson, 1801 Indian Peace Medal31 viewsObv: TH. JEFFERSON PRESIDENT OF THE U. S. A. D. 1801, three-quarter bust of Thomas Jefferson (3rd President) facing left.

Rev: PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP, two clasped hands, crossed peace pipe and tomahawk above.

Note: Medals of this design were carried by the Lewis and Clark Expedition from 1804 to 1806.

Designer: John Reich

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1801 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
Trajan_-_Decebalus.jpg
Trajan - Decebalus 12 viewsModern medal
Obv: MARCUS ULPIUS NERVA TRAIANUS - SPQR - 98-117
Laur. l.., half-frontal, dr. and cuirassed, aegis
Rev: DECEBALUS PER SCORILO - REX DACIAE - 87-106

40mm
klausklage
traj_dec__vim_pan.jpg
Trajan Decius, July 249 - June or July 251 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior 28 viewsAE medallion?; Aleksandar 5-5-1, (Varbanov I 164), (Martin 3.04), (AMNG I/II 125), weight 14.84 g, max. diameter 29.4 mm, 3.5mm thick, die axis 180o, Viminacium mint, 249 - 250 A.D.; Obv. IMP TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Rev. P M S CO L VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over bull on left standing right and lion on right standing left, AN XI (year 11 of the Viminacium colonial era) in ex. Brown and dusty green patina.

Aleksandar shows this as a possible medallion. It is oversized and thicker than the standard sestertius, yet slightly undersized and lighter than the medallion. It does have the medallion's beaded border not shown on the sestertius.
Steve E
Trajan_denarius_pax.jpg
Trajan denarius Pax17 viewsAR Denarius
Trajan, 98-117 CE
Diameter: 19mm, Weight: 3.12 grams, Die axis: 7h

Obverse: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP
Laureate and draped bust to right.

Reverse: COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC
Pax standing left, holding branch and cornucopia.

Mint: Rome

Notes:
- Trajan was granted his fifth consulship in 103 and his sixth in 112 CE, so this coin dates within this period.

Ex Colonial Coins & Medals Brisbane, 2010
Pharsalos
AE28_trajan.jpg
Trajan Provincial 51 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. AE 28 (Struck on medallic flarn). Caesarea (Cappadocia). 98-99 AD. (13.82gr, 28.13mm). Obv: AYTOKP KAIC NER TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM, Laureate head right. Rev: ΔHMAΡX/EΞ ΥΠAT B in two lines within wreath.

BMC (Cappadocia) 91-99

Ex: Romadrome
Paddy
Trebonianus_Gallus_Viminacium_SGI_357.jpg
Trebonianus Gallus & Volusian Viminacium AE 33 (Small medallion?)87 viewsAE 33
15.06 g Viminacium
OBV: IMP C VIBIO TREBON GALLO AVG IMP C C VIB VOLVSI AV - confronting laureate, draped, and cuirassed busts

Rev: P M S COL VIM The Two emperors in military attire, standing face to face, holding Victory on globe and resting on spear

In ex: bull on lion on either side of AN XIII

F+ by wear, rough.

SGI 357, BMC 44
cliff_marsland
US_Medal_-Centennial.jpg
U.S. Centennial Medal19 viewsUNITED STATES.
Ć Medal (76mm, 273.96 g, 12h).
Exhibition Medal Commemorating the Centennial of Independence.
By H. Mitchell.
Dated 1876 in Roman numerals.

O: Female figure seated left, crowning instruments of science, commerce, and industry; shield below elbow; around, four oval medallions representing the four quarters of the globe

R: INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION/PHILADELPHIA, MDCCCLXXVI, AWARDED BY/UNITED STATES/CENTENNIAL/COMMISSION in four lines; all within wreath.

Julian AM-10. EF, warm brown surfaces, tiny edge bumps.

At 274 grams and 70+mm, this this thing is a big, beautiful beast!

Ex-CNG
Sosius
18_Grant_Indian_Peace_Medal.JPG
Ulysses S. Grant 1871 Indian Peace Medal25 viewsObv: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA / "LET US HAVE PEACE" / LIBERTY JUSTICE AND EQUALITY, Bust of President Grant (18th President) facing right, peace pipe and olive branch below.

Rev: ON EARTH PEACE GOOD WILL TOWARD MEN, The globe set before the HOLY BIBLE and agricultural tools above the date, 1871.

Note: This was the only peace medal that did not include the name of the President.

Engraver: Anthony Paquet

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1871 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 63 mm
Matt Inglima
Byzantine Medal.JPG
Unknown Medal, Byzantine??163 viewsAny help with an ID is appreciated
35mm, 13.1gm
4 commentsJerome Holderman
IMGP4659Unknbrcombo.jpg
Unknown Ruler, 150 - 200 AD16 viewsAEdr., 3,47gr., very irregular flan w/sprue;
Sellw. 93.6-8, Shore 479, Koch 12;
mint: Abarshahr, axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/diadem; long hair in large curls, medium-long beard cut off at end, cheek hair, handlebar mustache; earring cons. of pellet in crescent, 2-layer necklace w/central medallion; the torso is facing, the head is turned left; star and crescent in upper left field disecting border;
rev.: archer w/helmet, right, on seat, w/bow in extended right hand, mint mark A over Π below, other letters around rim: 2 v-shaped angles behind stool, E behind archer’s back, letters behind and in front of head only partial;

ex: H. Hass, GER.
Schatz
LT51b-1887.jpg
USA, Seated Liberty dime love token, 188743 views"MA-MA" with Statue of Liberty scene and rope border. Like the 1884 "Brooklyn Bridge" piece in this set, this host coin dates to within a year of the opening of the landmark it portrays, and continues the New York theme. Ex-Heritage Long Beach Tokens & Medals Auction #110, Lot 29116, 09/2008. I forget the closing price, but I think it ended up being an upper two-figure price tag. It might be difficult to acquire a similar themed pictorial like that under $100 these days! The engraving on this is skilled but simple, giving it a sort of folksy, whimsical feel, and it's easy to imagine why somebody once chose this as a gift for his mother. If only we knew the rest of the story. Were they immigrants who passed the Statue of Liberty on their way to Ellis Island? Maybe not, but it's fun to think about such things. Needless to say, this piece is a sentimental favorite. Total number of 1887 dimes struck at all mints = 15,737,679.lordmarcovan
Medal_struck_from_parts_of_USS_Constellation.jpeg
USA: USS Constellation125 viewsMedal struck from parts of USS Constellation. dated 1797 but struck some time after 1853 of course. 32mm, 13.4g. Obverse: US FRIGATE CONSTELLATION 1797, the warship under sail left. Reverse: THIS COIN STRUCK FROM PARTS OF THE FRIGATE CONSTELLATION THE FIRST SHIP OF THE US NAVY eagle with shield above, cannon below. Ex Ken Dorney. Ex areich. Photo credit areichPodiceps
1359.jpg
varb17219 viewsElagabalus
AE Medallion
Philippopolis, Thrace

Obv: AVT K M AVPHΛ ANTΩNEINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
Rev: MHTPOΠOΛεΩC ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEΩC (NE)Ω →KOPOV, Herakles standing facing, head left, right hand resting on club, lion skin hanging over left arm. Flan defect on reverse.
41.5 mm, 37.46 gms

Varbanov 1721
1 commentsCharles M
V159bestlg.jpg
Vespasian RIC-15948 viewsĆ Sestertius, 26.69g
Rome mint, 71 AD
Obv: IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: IVDAEA CAPTA; S C in exergue; Palm tree; to l. Captive stg. r.; to r., Judaea std. r. on cuirass; both figures surrounded by arms
RIC 159 (C3). BMC 532. BNC 490, pl. XLIV (same dies).
Acquired from Witter Coins, eBay, October 2019. Ex Triton V, 16 January 2002, lot 1913 (From the Robert Schonwalter Collection). Ex Worner List 1, January 1951, no. 394. Formerly in NGC holder #4683650-005, with grade 'F', strike 5/5, surface 3/5.

Ambition sighed: she found it vain to trust
The faithless column and the crumbling bust;
Huge moles, whose shadow stretched from shore to shore,
Their ruins perished, and their place no more!
Convinced, she now contracts her vast design,
And all her triumphs shrink into a coin.
A narrow orb each crowded conquest keeps,
Beneath her palm here sad Judea weeps. -
Alexander Pope, To Mr. Addison, Occasioned by his Dialogues on Medals II. 19-26

For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen ... Thy men shall fall by the sword and thy mighty in the war. And her gates shall lament and mourn, and she being desolate shall sit upon the ground - Isaiah III.25-26.

In 70 AD Jerusalem was besieged and sacked and the Temple razed by the Roman forces commanded by Titus Caesar. The following year a massive joint Triumph was held in Rome for Vespasian and Titus to celebrate their successful conclusion of the Jewish Rebellion. Coins were also issued to commemorate their victory. These so called 'Judaea Capta' coins first appeared in late 70 just after the fall of Jerusalem in August, both in the precious metals and at first sparingly in bronze. It wasn't until 71, the year of the triumph, that the bronze coinage came into its own with a whole host of 'Judaea Capta' types. Probably the most famous of these depicts the ubiquitous date palm with a standing bound captive to the left and a seated Judaea to the right, both surrounded by arms. The second bronze issue of 71 saw these produced in massive quantities (Colin Kraay knew of 23 reverse dies paired with this obverse). Although the overall allegorical meaning of the reverse is readily apparent, what each individual device specifically symbolises is open to debate. We are on firm ground to assume the date palm represents the land of Judaea as H. Mattingly proposed in BMCRE II (although J. M. Cody speculated the palm possibly represents the Roman victory). The motif of the standing captive is copied from earlier Republican coin issues, reminiscent of the Gaulish and Spanish captives on those Republican types. His dress indicates he is a barbarian from outside the boundaries of Roman civilisation. In the spirit of the 'Vercingetorix' denarius, H. St. J. Hart proposed the captive is actually either Simon Bar Giora or John of Gischala(!), the two defeated Jewish commanders. The seated female figure is the personification of Judaea, the daughter of Zion. This figure is frequently seen on the various designs of the series, often paired with the palm tree. Her attitude of mourning and dejection leaves little doubt she is lamenting the defeat of her people.

Modern viewers see this as a forlorn scene of defeat, however, to the Roman coin designers the images are meant to convey victory over a worthy foe. The Jewish War was an important event for the fledgling Flavian dynasty - in essence it gave them the legitimacy to rule. The ensuing propaganda onslaught after the 'Gotterdammerung' fall of Jerusalem is awe inspiring. The slight of hand the Flavian regime pulled off which transformed defeated rebel provincials into a foreign menace is truly amazing. The coins were a major part of the regime's propaganda commemorating Vespasian's defeat of the Jews and saving the empire. Their efforts paid off, for even today this 'Judaea Capta' type is one of the most iconic and recognised reverses in the whole of Roman coinage.

Fantastic surfaces in good metal. A beauty in hand.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
V167sm.jpg
Vespasian RIC-167141 viewsĆ Sestertius, 24.60g
Rome mint, 71 AD
Obv: IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: IVDAEA CAPTA; S C in exergue; Palm tree; to l., Vespasian stg. r. with spear and parazonium, foot on helmet; to r., Judaea std. r. on cuirass
RIC 167 (C3). BMC 543. BNC 497.
Acquired from Denarius, December 2018.

The Jewish War was an important event for the fledgling Flavian dynasty - in essence it gave them the legitimacy to rule. The ensuing propaganda onslaught after the 'Gotterdammerung' fall of Jerusalem in August of 70 is awe inspiring. We have Josephus' description of the joint triumph of 71 held for Vespasian and Titus in book 7 of his 'Jewish War', the buildings and monuments erected by the regime, and more importantly for our purposes we have the coins. Judaea Capta types were struck in all metals for almost as long as the dynasty ruled. The first flurry of these came in 71, presumably in conjunction with the triumph, amidst a great issue of bronze coinage that same year. One of the most iconic Judaea Capta types is this sestertius' reverse featuring a triumphal Vespasian with a defeated Judaea at his feet, not surprisingly one of the more common types from the issue. Vespasian is seen proudly standing holding a spear and parazonium (a triangular sword) with his foot on an enemy helmet, while Judaea is sitting on a captured cuirass in abject despair - take note of their size discrepancy. The iconography on display here strongly hints at what the spectators of the triumph likely witnessed. The slight of hand the Flavian regime devised which transformed defeated rebel provincials into a foreign menace is truly amazing.

'Ambition sighed: she found it vain to trust
The faithless column and the crumbling bust;
Huge moles, whose shadow stretched from shore to shore,
Their ruins perished, and their place no more!
Convinced, she now contracts her vast design,
And all her triumphs shrink into a coin.
A narrow orb each crowded conquest keeps,
Beneath her palm here sad Judea weeps.' -
Alexander Pope, To Mr. Addison, Occasioned by his Dialogues on Medals II. 19-26

Honest wear with some minor cleaning scratches.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
vesp divus quadriga.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-361262 viewsAR Denarius, 3.08g
Rome Mint, 79-80 AD (Titus)
Obv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: EX S C in ex.; Tensa l., surmounted by two victories
RIC 361 (C). BMC 119. RSC 146. BNC 94.
Acquired from Klassische Münzen, March 2007.

Here are Curtis Clay's comments concerning the reverse which I cannot improve upon:

"The wagon is a tensa, a chariot in which the symbols of the gods were carried to the games in the circus procession. The wagon has a pediment, evidently in imitation of the temple where those symbols were normally stored.

A unique medallion of A. Pius in Berlin, illustrated by Cohen 1186, shows a similar pedimented wagon drawn by four horses, with a statue of Roma seated atop the pediment and ROM inscribed on the front of the wagon, evidently the tensa of the goddess Roma.

Suetonius and Dio Cassius report that a tensa in the circus procession was one of the excessive honors voted to Julius Caesar in 45-44 BC, shortly before his assassination.

No literary text or inscription attests that tensae were also accorded to consecrated emperors and empresses, but this fact is demonstrated by the coin types, namely the type of Divus Claudius I, your type of Divus Vespasianus, and the type of Diva Marciana showing a similar pedimented wagon drawn by two mules, BMC pl. 21.7-8.

I believe I was the first scholar to correctly identify these wagons, with a full argument bringing in several other examples too, in my paper on the coinage of Nero, Num. Zeitschrift 96, 1982, pp. 28-9 and Appendix 3."

2 commentsVespasian70
Vespasian~0.jpg
Vespasian. AD 69-79. Renaissance Medal23 viewsRenaissance Medal, Paduan (after Cavino, ca. 1500-1570). Vespasian. AD 69-79.
Bronze Sestertius (30mm. 13.02g). Laureate head of Vespasian right. Reverse: Aerial view of
the Flavian Ampitheater (Colosseum) between meta sudans and portico. Cf. Klawans p.
62, 2 (Vespasian) and p. 66, 1 (Titus); Lawrence -.
1 commentsddwau
IMGP3722Vol1tdrcombo.jpg
Vologases I. 51 - 54/55 AD (first reign)18 viewsBI tdr., 14,06gr; 27,63mm; Sellw. 68.7 , Shore 370, Sunrise 419; Sinisi type I/1(1a), pp56ff.
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h; date: Juli/August 52 AD;
obv.: bare-headed, head turned to the left, w/ diadem of 2 broad strands and 2 broad ribbons; medium-long hair in 4 rows of curls, mustache, short beard; 3-layer necklace w/ central medallion; tunic/cuirass w/ornamental border; dotted border 9 to 15;
rev.: king,left, on throne receiving diadem from facing goddess; between the heads the year ΓXT= 52 AD; exergual line; 5 lines of legend visible: (BACIΛEΩC) (B)ACI(ΛEΩN) (APCAKOY) (EYEPΓETOY) ΔIKAIOY(to be read from inside) ΩΛOI(OY) EΠIΦANOY(C) (ΦIΛ)EΛΛHNO(C);

ex: Pars Coins, CA.
Schatz
IMGP3720Vol1tdrcombo.jpg
Vologases I., 51 - 54/55 AD (first reign)15 viewsBI tdr., 14,66gr; 27,55mm; Sellw. 68.2 , Shore 370var., Sunrise 419; Sinisi type I/1(1a), p.56ff.
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h; date: August 50 AD;
obv.: bare-headed, head turned to the left, w/ diadem of 2 broad strands and 3 broad ribbons; medium-long hair in 4 rows of curls, mustache, short beard; 3-layer necklace w/ central medallion; tunic/cuirass w/ornamental border; dotted border 11 to 16;
rev.: king,left, on throne receiving diadem from facing goddess; between the heads the year BXT= 51 AD; exergual line; 8 lines of legend: BACIΛ(EΩC) BACIΛEΩ(N) (AP)CAK(OY) EYEPΓET(OY) ΔIKAIOY(to be read from inside) (Γ)OPΠI(AIOY) EΠIΦANO(YC) (ΦI)ΛEΛΛHNO(C);

ex: Vienna Coin Show.
Schatz
IMGP3795Vol5tdrcombo~0.jpg
Vologases V, 191 - 208 AD12 viewsBI tdr., 7,49gr; 22,94mm; Sellw. 87 type, Shore 442 type, Sunrise 457 type;
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h;
obv.: head, left, w/2-strand diadem, loop, and 4 ribbons; curly hair on top, side hair in a bun of concentric curls over the ear, mustache, long triangular beard ; earring, 2-layer necklace w/central medallion;
rev.: king, left, on throne, faced by goddess in long robe; between the heads illegible year;

the beakiest nose in my collection; rather degenerated die cutting craftsmanship;
Schatz
IMGP3831Vol5tdrcombo.jpg
Vologases V., 191 - 208 AD13 viewsBI tdr., 11,46gr; 22,2mm; Sellw. 87.2-9, Shore 442-47var., Sunrise 457var.;
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h; date: ΔΦ (192 AD);
obv.: head, left, w/4-strand diadem and 3 ribbons; hair in a bun of concentric curls over the ear, mustache, long triangular beard ; earring, 2-layer necklace w/central medallion; tunic/cuirass w/ornamental border;
rev.: king, left, on throne, receiving wreath or diadem from facing goddess in long robe; between the heads the year ΔΦ; exergual line; partial letters around the edge; small deposits of copper on obv. and rev.

ex: Zurquieh, UAE.
Schatz
IMGP3795Vol5tdrcombo.jpg
Vologases V., 191 - 208 AD20 viewsBI tdr., 7,49gr; 22,94mm; Sellw. 87 type, Shore 442 type, Sunrise 457 type;
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h;
obv.: head, left, w/2-strand diadem, loop, and 4 ribbons; curly hair on top, side hair in a bun of concentric curls over the ear, mustache, long triangular beard ; earring, 2-layer necklace w/central medallion;
rev.: king, left, on throne, faced by goddess in long robe; between the heads illegible year;

the beakiest nose in my collection; rather degenerated die cutting craftsmanship;

ex: Pars Coins.
Schatz
IMGP3793Vol5tdrcombo.jpg
Vologases V., 191 -208 AD12 viewsBI tdr., 13,13gr; 24,66mm; Sellw. 87.10-11, Shore 442, Sunrise 457;
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h; date: EΦ (193/94 AD);
obv.: head, left, w/multi-strand diadem, loop, and 4 ribbons; curly hair on top, side hair in a bun of concentric curls over the ear, mustache, long triangular beard ; earring, 2-layer necklace w/central medallion; tunic/cuirass w/ornamental border;
rev.: king, left, on throne, receiving wreath or diadem from facing goddess in long robe; between the heads the year EΦ; exergual line; partial letters around the edge;

ex: CNG 67 (09/04), #991, ex: Malter Galleries, CA.
Schatz
Walt_Whitman_1971_NYU_Hall_of_Fame.JPG
Walt Whitman, 1971 NYU Hall of Fame Medal12 viewsMatt Inglima
Warwickshire_464.jpg
Warwickshire 46411 viewsObv: IOHN WILKINSON IRON MASTER, bust of John Wilkinson facing right.

Rev: MEDALS & PROVINCIAL COINS. A figure of Moneta seated, holding a pair of scales in right hand and spilling coins out of a cornucopia with the left. Behind is a shield inscribed: ENGRAVING & DIE SINKING; DEA PECUNIA in exergue.

Edge: Plain

Half Penny Conder Token

Dalton & Hamer: Warwickshire, Wilkinson 464 (listed as a counterfeit)
SPQR Coins
Washington_Irving_HOF_Medal.JPG
Washington Irving, 1968 NYU Hall of Fame Medal13 viewsObv: WASHINGTON IRVING, portrait of Irving, 1783 - 1859

Rev: THE HALL OF FAME FOR GREAT AMERICANS AT NEW YORK UNIVERSITY, symbolic heads of Dutch and English colonial people and two legendary characters created by Washington Irving - Rip Van Winkle and the Headless Horsemen; crossed quill and olive branch in center.

Designer: A. Block, Mint: Medallic Art Company

Bronze, 44.5 mm
Matt Inglima
Luther_Throckmorton_WWI_Medal.jpg
World War I Medal145 viewsAttribution: The Society of the Sons of the Revolution in the State of Virginia
Date: AD 1920
Recipient: 2nd Lt. Luther Throckmorton C.A.L. (my maternal grandmother’s father & descendant of Sir Nicholas Throckmorton (or Throgmorton), ambassador to France under Henry VIII)
Obverse: Large eagle facing l., biplane below l. wing, anchor below r. wing; l. of eagle – oval with revolutionary soldier stg. r. holding musket, 1776 above; r. of eagle – oval with WWI soldier walking l. holding rifle, 1917-1918 above; above eagle – oval with small eagle above, 13 stars around, and WWI soldier marching facing forward, rifle on back; below eagle – large circle with 13 stars and “SONS OF THE REVOLUTION” around, and revolutionary soldier stg. l. on ladder, holding musket while waving long banner, 1778 and 1888 on either side.
Reverse: COPYRIGHT 1920 (engraved), PRESENTED BY THE SOCIETY OF SONS OF THE REVOLUTION IN THE STATE OF VIRGINIA TO, 2nd Lt. L. Throckmorton C.A.L. (engraved in cursive), FOR SERVICE IN THE WORLD WAR 1917-1918.
Material: Brass with gold & blue ribbon and brass pin
Size: 32 mm (top to bottom & l. to r.)
Noah
330-3-horz.jpg
World’s Columbian Exposition Award Medal. 13 views1893 bronze medal, 76.4mm, 205.2 grams. By Augustus Saint Gaudens, Charles E. Barber. Barber’s decision to substitute his own banal reverse in place of Saint Gaudens’ original reverse design with its nude youth launched a lifelong feud between the two men.

This medal was awarded to the FERGUSON BROS of Australia.

This is a massive medal weighing almost half a pound. The fact that it has remained undamaged as well as maintaining its beautiful patina without the benefit of being in its presentation case is for me difficult to believe. I believe this medal's state of preservation is best defined by its NGC grade of MS-68 (MS-70 bring prefect).

My cost for this medal was around $150 U.S., I purchased it form an Australian auction. At the time the Australian dollar was definitely less than U.S. dollar but then you have the buyer's fee and registered international mail so as best I can remember it was around $150 but definitely no more than $170.
Richard M10
wucherer_Hörnlein_1923.jpg
Wucherer-Medaille, Arnold 18021 viewsWucherer-Medaille, Arnold 180
AE 38, 22.3g
mint of Muldenhütten/Saxonia
medalist Friedrich Wilhelm Hörnlein (F.H.)
obv. Thick usurer, nude, std. on heap of grain
in l. and r. field OB JUD / OB CHRIST - EIN SCHUFT (Whether Jew or Christ - a rascal
below DER WUCHERER IST (the usurer is)
above F.H. 1923
rev. Legend in 7 lines:
IN / BÖSEN ZEITEN / IST OHN ZWEIFEL / EIN MENSCH / OFT DES ANDERN / TEUFEL / 1923
(In bad times without doubts a human being is the others devil)
ref. ARNOLD 180
SS

This medal belongs to the so-called inflations coins. The coin is also known as "Kornjude (grain Jew)", with antisemitic meaning.
Jochen
San_Francisco_1919_WWI_medal.jpg
WWI Service Medal City of San Francisco27 viewsInscribed to: "E. E. NICHOLSON"

Conjoined busts of a Doughboy wearing helmet and a sailor facing left.: SAN FRANCISCO TO HER WARRIOR SONS 1919

Makers Mark: GRANAT BROS 980/1000 Silver (GRANAT BROS is still a large jeweler in the San Francisco Bay Area)

Date: 1919

Size: approximately 2"h x 1.25"w x 1/16"d

Weight: 12.4 grams.
Matt Inglima
WWI_Australia_Victory_Medal.JPG
WWI, Australia Victory Medal34 viewsObv: VICTORY above, a sailor (left) and a soldier (right) standing, radiate crown above, a large wreathe in center with the inscription: THE TRIUMPH OF LIBERTY AND JUSTICE within, THE PEACE OF 1919 on a ribbon below.

Rev: The Goddess of Peace or Victory standing on a base inscribed: PEACE 1919, two doves fly on either side of her, at her feet are two captives whose chains and shackles have been broken; AUSTRALIA in exergue.

Patriotic medal (missing ribbon),

Silver plated brass.

8.5 grams, 27.27 mm
1 commentsMatt Inglima
WWI_Great_Britain_Victory_Medal.JPG
WWI, Great Britain Victory Medal21 viewsObv: A soldier and sailor facing each other in separate oval frames, between them above, a biplane flies out of the sun's rays, clouds in the distance, flags of Great Britain and the Royal Arms; below is a crown and an olive branch and palms.

Rev: VICTORY - JUSTICE - PEACE; THE GREAT WAR 1914-1919 inscribed on a banner, palm frond on right.

Missing ribbon, struck in aluminum

5.9 grams, 38.5 mm
Matt Inglima
WWI_Italy_VI_Army_Artillery_Medal.JPG
WWI, Italy, VI Army Artillery Medal29 viewsObv: ACLI EPOI / IL BACIO DEL / LA VITTORIA inscribed in stone, young hero walking right, being kissed by Victory floating beside him.

Rev: Field guns in action: VI° CORPO D'ARMATA ARTIGLIERIA - PODGORA, SABATINO, GORIZIA, MONTE SANTO, S. GABRIELE, M. GRAPPA, M. PERTICA.

17.4 grams 32.2 mm

Note: Some of the battles that the 6th Artillery was involved in are listed on the reverse. This medal came with a white ribbon with a light blue stripe down the center. Judging by the heavy wear on the reverse, this medal was probably worn as a pendant for many years.
Matt Inglima
WWI_United_States_Liberty_Loan_Medal.JPG
WWI, United States Liberty Loan Medal24 viewsObv: VICTORY LIBERTY LOAN, eagle before the United States Treasury building.

Rev: AWARDED [Space for recipient's name] BY THE U.S. TREASURY DEPARTMENT FOR PATRIOTIC SERVICE IN BEHALF OF THE LIBERTY LOAN - MADE FROM CAPTURED GERMAN CANNON.

Medal is holed for suspension.

Note: Made from German cannon captured by American Expeditionary Forces at the Battle of Château-Thierry in 1918.
Matt Inglima
Yorktown_Sesquicentennial_Medal_1931.JPG
Yorktown 1781 - 1931, Sesquicentennial Medal30 viewsMatt Inglima
12_Zachary_Taylor.JPG
Zachary Taylor, 1849 Indian Peace Medal26 viewsObv: ZACHARY TAYLOR PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, draped bust of Zachary Taylor (12th President) facing left; 1849 below.

Rev: PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP, two clasped hands, crossed peace pipe and tomahawk above.

Engravers: Henry Kirke Brown (obverse), John Reich (reverse)

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1849 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
AntoninusPiusAequitasSear4053.jpg
[904a] Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.127 viewsAntoninus Pius, AD 138 to 161. Silver denarius. Sear-4053; gVF; Rome;16.4 x 17.9 mm, 3.61 g; issue of AD 138; Obverse : Head of Antoninus Pius right, with IMP T AEL CAES HADRI ANTONINVS around; Reverse : Aequitas standing left, holding scales and a cornucopiae, with AVG PIVS P M TR P COS DES II around. This is an interesting part of the Antoninus Pius series, struck in the first year of his reign, using his adoptive name of Hadrianus, and with the reverse inscription a continuation from the obverse.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Antoninus Pius (A.D. 138-161)

Richard D. Weigel
Western Kentucky University

Introduction
The long reign of the emperor Antoninus Pius is often described as a period of peace and quiet before the storm which followed and plagued his successor, Marcus Aurelius. In addition to the relative peacefulness, this emperor set the tone for a low-keyed imperial administration which differed markedly from those of his two immediate predecessors, Trajan and Hadrian. Antoninus managed to govern the empire capably and yet with such a gentle hand that he earned the respect, acclaim, and love of his subjects.

Early Life
The future emperor was born T. Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus on September 19, A.D. 86 at Lanuvium, an old Latin city southeast of Rome. His father's family had originally migrated to Rome from Nemausus (Nîmes) in Narbonese Gaul, but his paternal grandfather, T. Aurelius Fulvus, had served twice as Roman consul and also as city prefect and his father, Aurelius Fulvus, also held the consulship. The future emperor's mother was Arria Fadilla and her father, Arrius Antoninus, had also been consul twice. Young Antoninus was raised at Lorium, on the via Aurelia, where he later built a palace.

Career Under Hadrian
Very little is known about Antoninus' life before he became emperor. The brief biography in the Scriptores Historiae Augustae credited to Julius Capitolinus refers to his services as quaestor, praetor, and consul and P. von Rohden's entry in Pauly-Wissowa dates his tenure of these offices to A.D. 112, 117, and 120 respectively. At some point between A.D. 110 and 115, Antoninus married Annia Galeria Faustina, the daughter of M. Annius Verus. Hadrian later appointed Antoninus as one of his consular administrators of Italy and between A.D. 130 and 135 Antoninus served as proconsul of Asia.
Antoninus had achieved a distinguished career under Hadrian. and could have retired from imperial service with great pride, but events in A.D. 138 changed Antoninus' future quite radically. Early in the year, the death of Aelius Verus, whom Hadrian had previously adopted and named Caesar, opened a new path. Hadrian met with the Senate and announced his decision to adopt Antoninus as his son and heir and to share both proconsular and tribunician power with him. After giving this offer careful thought, Antoninus accepted and agreed in return to adopt as his heirs his wife's nephew, M. Antoninus, the future Marcus Aurelius, and L. Verus, the son of Aelius Verus.

Imperial Reign
When Hadrian died in the following summer, Antoninus oversaw the conveyance of his body from Baiae to Rome for interment in the new imperial tomb (now Castel Sant' Angelo). To honor his adoptive father, Antoninus set up a magnificent shield, established a priesthood, and, against serious opposition in the Senate, requested and bargained for senatorial confirmation of Hadrian's deification. Antoninus' devotion to Hadrian's memory is one of the reasons cited for the Senate's bestowal upon the new emperor of the name "pius". After initially refusing the Senate's recognition of Antoninus as "pater patriae", the new emperor accepted the honor with thanks. He declined, however, the Senate's decree authorizing the renaming of the months of September and October after the new emperor and empress. The Senate did honor the new empress with the title of "Augusta". On her death only a few years later in A.D. 141, the Senate deified Faustina and voted her a temple and priestesses. In memory of his wife, Antoninus also instituted an alimentary program, similar to those of his immediate predecessors, which combined loans to Italian farmers with funds, generated by interest on those loans, set aside for the care of orphaned girls. On coins these orphans are designated as puellae Faustinianae.

Antoninus returned all of Italy's share of the aurum coronarium, the money raised in honor of his accession, and one-half of that contributed from the provinces. His economic policy in general was relatively conservative and avoided luxurious waste while supporting public works of practical application. His procurators were told to keep provincial tribute reasonable and they were held accountable for exceeding fixed bounds. The provinces in general prospered under his administration and the use of informers was ended. Julius Capitolinus summarizes the excellence of Antoninus' administration when he says: "With such care did he govern all peoples under him that he looked after all things and all men as if they were his own." In spite of his caution in raising imperial revenues, however, Antoninus provided regular gifts of money to the people and to the soldiers and produced spectacular public games with a great variety of animals on display. The emperor also used his own funds to distribute oil, grain, and wine free in a time of famine and helped relieve the devastation caused in Rome by fire, flood, and a collapse of stands in the Circus Maximus and by fires and earthquakes in the provinces.

Although the reigns of his two immediate predecessors, Trajan and Hadrian, had seen prolific building activity in Rome and throughout the empire, Antoninus chose to be less lavish in his public works projects. He felt an obligation to complete work begun or promised by Hadrian. Antoninus completed the Mausoleum of Hadrian along the Tiber and built the temples of the Divine Hadrian in the Campus Martius and of Faustina in the Forum. He also restored the oldest bridge in Rome, the Pons Sublicius, the Graecostadium, and the Colosseum. He may even have put some finishing touches on the Pantheon because Julius Capitolinus mentions restoration of a templum Agrippae, but the text may be corrupt and the temple of the Divine Augustus, the restoration of which is recorded on some of Antoninus' coins, may be the intended reference here. Outside Rome, Antoninus repaired several roads and renovated ports in Alexandria, Caieta, and Terracina, a bath at Ostia, an aqueduct at Antium, and the temples in his birthplace, Lanuvium.

Although some sources suggest that Antoninus went in person to Egypt and Syria to put down a revolt of peoples along the Red Sea, Julius Capitolinus says that Antoninus made his home in Rome where he could receive messages from all parts of the empire equally quickly . He also states that to avoid burdening the provinces with the expenses of housing an emperor and his associates Antoninus took expeditions out of Rome only to his estates in Campania. If correct, these actions marked a decided break with the visibility of his two predecessors in the provinces and recreated a more Rome- and Italy-centered empire. Wilhelm Weber commented on this policy: "As if, perhaps, in criticism of Hadrian's conception of his task, he sat like a beneficent spider at the centre of his web, power radiating steadily from him to the farthest bounds of the empire and as steadily returning to him again. For the last time in Imperial history the Emperor was wholly one with Rome and its centralization."

During his third consulship (A.D. 140-144), Antoninus issued a series of unusual coins and medallions which featured entirely new or modified religious/mythological images. Jocelyn Toynbee correctly pointed out that these types were issued to prepare for the celebration of Rome's nine hundredth birthday in A.D. 147/148 and she also discussed two images which represent the emperor's reaction against Hadrian's "cosmopolitanism" and his attempt to restore Rome and Italy to a superior position over the provinces. This unusual series, issued especially in bronze, commemorated Rome's connection to her distant roots from Trojans, Latins, and Sabines and honored gods who had protected the city in the past. Themes associated with Aeneas, Romulus, Numa Pompilius, and Augustus by implication tied in Antoninus as successor to these four model Roman leaders. Although the death of Faustina may have motivated Antoninus' display of public piety to some degree on these coins and medallions, the series also set the tone for the games and rituals of the birthday celebration in 147/148, renewed religious values, and restored Rome's proper relationship with protective gods who had brought the city past success both in war and in peace. Another series of coins, the "anonymous quadrantes", combines a portrait of a god or goddess on the obverse with a reverse symbol of an animal associated with the same deity. The absence of an imperial portrait or any inscription aside from the S.C. authorization of the Senate makes it especially difficult to date this series. However, the similarity of the Jupiter and Venus portraits to images of Antoninus and Faustina and other links to Antoninus' coin-types make it probable that several of these types were issued in Antoninus' reign, perhaps again in connection with Rome's birthday celebration in A.D. 147/148.

Although Antoninus' reign was generally peaceful, Capitolinus says that he fought wars, through legates, against the Britons, Moors, Germans, Dacians, and the Alans and suppressed revolts in Achaea, in Egypt, and among the Jews. The war in Britain was fought around A.D. 142 against the Brigantes and led to the construction of the Antonine Wall across the island as a second line of defense north of Hadrian's Wall. In foreign relations, the emperor's authority was respected among peoples bordering on the empire. Antoninus approved the appointment of kings for the Armenians, for the Lazi, and for the Quadi and he successfully prevented a Parthian attack on Armenia by sending the Parthian king a letter of warning.

Antoninus did continue his predecessor's interest in law and his imperial legislation is cited frequently in Justinian's Digest. Several lawyers served in the emperor's consilium and presumably advised him on legal matters. Antoninus' legislation included protections for slaves, freedmen, and for illegitimate children and further defined family and inheritance law, including consideration of a daughter's wishes in marriage arrangements.

In preparation for the succession, Antoninus' daughter Faustina married Marcus Aurelius in A.D. 145 and she soon became Augusta in place of her deceased mother. Marcus Aurelius was associated in imperial powers and he and L. Verus both held the consulship multiple times in preparation for their accession. Antoninus made sure that he would leave the Empire secure and in sound financial condition and his adopted sons inherited a large surplus (reportedly 675 million denarii) in the Treasury .

Antoninus Pius died in March of A.D. 161, after giving the appropriate imperial watchword which so typified his reign, "equanimity". He was soon afterward deified by the Senate. His adopted sons and successors, Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, erected a column of red granite in his honor in the Campus Martius. The marble base for this column, which is preserved in the Vatican, includes a sculpted image of the apotheosis of Antoninus and Faustina. In his Meditations, Marcus Aurelius expressed his enduring love and respect for his adoptive father: "Do all things as a disciple of Antoninus. Think of his constancy in every act rationally undertaken, his invariable equability, his piety, his serenity of countenance, his sweetness of disposition, his contempt for the bubble of fame, and his zeal for getting a true grasp of affairs." In many ways Antoninus Pius was a model emperor who justifiably earned comparison with his own model, Numa Pompilius, and provided the Empire with a period of fortune, religious piety, and security perhaps unmatched in imperial annals.

Copyright (C) 1998, Richard D. Weigel.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.



Cleisthenes
AntoPiusDenar.jpg
[904z] Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.143 viewsAntoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D. Silver denarius, RIC 232, RSC 271, F, Rome, 1.699g, 17.3mm, 0o, 153 - 154 A.D. Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVII, laureate head right; Reverse: COS IIII, Fortuna standing right, cornucopia in left, long rudder on globe in right.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Antoninus Pius (A.D. 138-161)

Richard D. Weigel
Western Kentucky University

Introduction
The long reign of the emperor Antoninus Pius is often described as a period of peace and quiet before the storm which followed and plagued his successor, Marcus Aurelius. In addition to the relative peacefulness, this emperor set the tone for a low-keyed imperial administration which differed markedly from those of his two immediate predecessors, Trajan and Hadrian. Antoninus managed to govern the empire capably and yet with such a gentle hand that he earned the respect, acclaim, and love of his subjects.

Early Life
The future emperor was born T. Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus on September 19, A.D. 86 at Lanuvium, an old Latin city southeast of Rome. His father's family had originally migrated to Rome from Nemausus (Nîmes) in Narbonese Gaul, but his paternal grandfather, T. Aurelius Fulvus, had served twice as Roman consul and also as city prefect and his father, Aurelius Fulvus, also held the consulship. The future emperor's mother was Arria Fadilla and her father, Arrius Antoninus, had also been consul twice. Young Antoninus was raised at Lorium, on the via Aurelia, where he later built a palace.

Career Under Hadrian
Very little is known about Antoninus' life before he became emperor. The brief biography in the Scriptores Historiae Augustae credited to Julius Capitolinus refers to his services as quaestor, praetor, and consul and P. von Rohden's entry in Pauly-Wissowa dates his tenure of these offices to A.D. 112, 117, and 120 respectively. At some point between A.D. 110 and 115, Antoninus married Annia Galeria Faustina, the daughter of M. Annius Verus. Hadrian later appointed Antoninus as one of his consular administrators of Italy and between A.D. 130 and 135 Antoninus served as proconsul of Asia.
Antoninus had achieved a distinguished career under Hadrian. and could have retired from imperial service with great pride, but events in A.D. 138 changed Antoninus' future quite radically. Early in the year, the death of Aelius Verus, whom Hadrian had previously adopted and named Caesar, opened a new path. Hadrian met with the Senate and announced his decision to adopt Antoninus as his son and heir and to share both proconsular and tribunician power with him. After giving this offer careful thought, Antoninus accepted and agreed in return to adopt as his heirs his wife's nephew, M. Antoninus, the future Marcus Aurelius, and L. Verus, the son of Aelius Verus.

Imperial Reign
When Hadrian died in the following summer, Antoninus oversaw the conveyance of his body from Baiae to Rome for interment in the new imperial tomb (now Castel Sant' Angelo). To honor his adoptive father, Antoninus set up a magnificent shield, established a priesthood, and, against serious opposition in the Senate, requested and bargained for senatorial confirmation of Hadrian's deification. Antoninus' devotion to Hadrian's memory is one of the reasons cited for the Senate's bestowal upon the new emperor of the name "pius". After initially refusing the Senate's recognition of Antoninus as "pater patriae", the new emperor accepted the honor with thanks. He declined, however, the Senate's decree authorizing the renaming of the months of September and October after the new emperor and empress. The Senate did honor the new empress with the title of "Augusta". On her death only a few years later in A.D. 141, the Senate deified Faustina and voted her a temple and priestesses. In memory of his wife, Antoninus also instituted an alimentary program, similar to those of his immediate predecessors, which combined loans to Italian farmers with funds, generated by interest on those loans, set aside for the care of orphaned girls. On coins these orphans are designated as puellae Faustinianae.

Antoninus returned all of Italy's share of the aurum coronarium, the money raised in honor of his accession, and one-half of that contributed from the provinces. His economic policy in general was relatively conservative and avoided luxurious waste while supporting public works of practical application. His procurators were told to keep provincial tribute reasonable and they were held accountable for exceeding fixed bounds. The provinces in general prospered under his administration and the use of informers was ended. Julius Capitolinus summarizes the excellence of Antoninus' administration when he says: "With such care did he govern all peoples under him that he looked after all things and all men as if they were his own." In spite of his caution in raising imperial revenues, however, Antoninus provided regular gifts of money to the people and to the soldiers and produced spectacular public games with a great variety of animals on display. The emperor also used his own funds to distribute oil, grain, and wine free in a time of famine and helped relieve the devastation caused in Rome by fire, flood, and a collapse of stands in the Circus Maximus and by fires and earthquakes in the provinces.

Although the reigns of his two immediate predecessors, Trajan and Hadrian, had seen prolific building activity in Rome and throughout the empire, Antoninus chose to be less lavish in his public works projects. He felt an obligation to complete work begun or promised by Hadrian. Antoninus completed the Mausoleum of Hadrian along the Tiber and built the temples of the Divine Hadrian in the Campus Martius and of Faustina in the Forum. He also restored the oldest bridge in Rome, the Pons Sublicius, the Graecostadium, and the Colosseum. He may even have put some finishing touches on the Pantheon because Julius Capitolinus mentions restoration of a templum Agrippae, but the text may be corrupt and the temple of the Divine Augustus, the restoration of which is recorded on some of Antoninus' coins, may be the intended reference here. Outside Rome, Antoninus repaired several roads and renovated ports in Alexandria, Caieta, and Terracina, a bath at Ostia, an aqueduct at Antium, and the temples in his birthplace, Lanuvium.

Although some sources suggest that Antoninus went in person to Egypt and Syria to put down a revolt of peoples along the Red Sea, Julius Capitolinus says that Antoninus made his home in Rome where he could receive messages from all parts of the empire equally quickly . He also states that to avoid burdening the provinces with the expenses of housing an emperor and his associates Antoninus took expeditions out of Rome only to his estates in Campania. If correct, these actions marked a decided break with the visibility of his two predecessors in the provinces and recreated a more Rome- and Italy-centered empire. Wilhelm Weber commented on this policy: "As if, perhaps, in criticism of Hadrian's conception of his task, he sat like a beneficent spider at the centre of his web, power radiating steadily from him to the farthest bounds of the empire and as steadily returning to him again. For the last time in Imperial history the Emperor was wholly one with Rome and its centralization."

During his third consulship (A.D. 140-144), Antoninus issued a series of unusual coins and medallions which featured entirely new or modified religious/mythological images. Jocelyn Toynbee correctly pointed out that these types were issued to prepare for the celebration of Rome's nine hundredth birthday in A.D. 147/148 and she also discussed two images which represent the emperor's reaction against Hadrian's "cosmopolitanism" and his attempt to restore Rome and Italy to a superior position over the provinces. This unusual series, issued especially in bronze, commemorated Rome's connection to her distant roots from Trojans, Latins, and Sabines and honored gods who had protected the city in the past. Themes associated with Aeneas, Romulus, Numa Pompilius, and Augustus by implication tied in Antoninus as successor to these four model Roman leaders. Although the death of Faustina may have motivated Antoninus' display of public piety to some degree on these coins and medallions, the series also set the tone for the games and rituals of the birthday celebration in 147/148, renewed religious values, and restored Rome's proper relationship with protective gods who had brought the city past success both in war and in peace. Another series of coins, the "anonymous quadrantes", combines a portrait of a god or goddess on the obverse with a reverse symbol of an animal associated with the same deity. The absence of an imperial portrait or any inscription aside from the S.C. authorization of the Senate makes it especially difficult to date this series. However, the similarity of the Jupiter and Venus portraits to images of Antoninus and Faustina and other links to Antoninus' coin-types make it probable that several of these types were issued in Antoninus' reign, perhaps again in connection with Rome's birthday celebration in A.D. 147/148.

Although Antoninus' reign was generally peaceful, Capitolinus says that he fought wars, through legates, against the Britons, Moors, Germans, Dacians, and the Alans and suppressed revolts in Achaea, in Egypt, and among the Jews. The war in Britain was fought around A.D. 142 against the Brigantes and led to the construction of the Antonine Wall across the island as a second line of defense north of Hadrian's Wall. In foreign relations, the emperor's authority was respected among peoples bordering on the empire. Antoninus approved the appointment of kings for the Armenians, for the Lazi, and for the Quadi and he successfully prevented a Parthian attack on Armenia by sending the Parthian king a letter of warning.

Antoninus did continue his predecessor's interest in law and his imperial legislation is cited frequently in Justinian's Digest. Several lawyers served in the emperor's consilium and presumably advised him on legal matters. Antoninus' legislation included protections for slaves, freedmen, and for illegitimate children and further defined family and inheritance law, including consideration of a daughter's wishes in marriage arrangements.

In preparation for the succession, Antoninus' daughter Faustina married Marcus Aurelius in A.D. 145 and she soon became Augusta in place of her deceased mother. Marcus Aurelius was associated in imperial powers and he and L. Verus both held the consulship multiple times in preparation for their accession. Antoninus made sure that he would leave the Empire secure and in sound financial condition and his adopted sons inherited a large surplus (reportedly 675 million denarii) in the Treasury .

Antoninus Pius died in March of A.D. 161, after giving the appropriate imperial watchword which so typified his reign, "equanimity". He was soon afterward deified by the Senate. His adopted sons and successors, Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, erected a column of red granite in his honor in the Campus Martius. The marble base for this column, which is preserved in the Vatican, includes a sculpted image of the apotheosis of Antoninus and Faustina. In his Meditations, Marcus Aurelius expressed his enduring love and respect for his adoptive father: "Do all things as a disciple of Antoninus. Think of his constancy in every act rationally undertaken, his invariable equability, his piety, his serenity of countenance, his sweetness of disposition, his contempt for the bubble of fame, and his zeal for getting a true grasp of affairs." In many ways Antoninus Pius was a model emperor who justifiably earned comparison with his own model, Numa Pompilius, and provided the Empire with a period of fortune, religious piety, and security perhaps unmatched in imperial annals.

Copyright (C) 1998, Richard D. Weigel.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
CommodusRSC190.jpg
[906a]Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D.168 viewsCOMMODUS AR silver denarius. RSC 190. RCV 5644. 16.5mm, 2.3g. F. Obverse: L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, bust of Commodus wearing lion skin in imitation of Hercules and Alexander the Great, facing right; Reverse: HER-CVL RO-MAN AV-GV either side of club of Hercules, all in wreath. RARE. Ex Incitatus.

This coin refers to Commodus' belief that he was Hercules reincarnated. According to the historian Herodian, "he issued orders that he was to be called not Commodus, son of Marcus, but Hercules, son of Jupiter. Abandoning the Roman and imperial mode of dress, he donned the lion-skin, and carried the club of Hercules..." (Joseph Sermarini).

De Imperatoribus Romanis:
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Commodus (A.D. 180-192)

Dennis Quinn

Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus, the son of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius and his wife-cousin Faustina, was born in Lanuvium in 161 AD. Commodus was named Caesar at the age of 5, and co-Augustus at the age of 17, spending most of his early life accompanying his father on his campaigns against the Quadi and the Marcomanni along the Danubian frontier. His father died, possibly of the plague, at a military encampment at Bononia on the Danube on 17 March 180, leaving the Roman Empire to his nineteen-year-old son.[[1]] Upon hearing of his father's death, Commodus made preparations for Marcus' funeral, made concessions to the northern tribes, and made haste to return back to Rome in order to enjoy peace after nearly two decades of war. Commodus, and much of the Roman army behind him, entered the capital on 22 October, 180 in a triumphal procession, receiving a hero's welcome. Indeed, the youthful Commodus must have appeared in the parade as an icon of new, happier days to come; his arrival sparked the highest hopes in the Roman people, who believed he would rule as his father had ruled.[[2]]

The coins issued in his first year all display the triumphant general, a warrior in action who brought the spoils of victory to the citizens of Rome.[[3]] There is a great deal of evidence to support the fact that Commodus was popular among many of the people, at least for a majority of his reign. He seems to have been quite generous.[[4]]. Coin types from around 183 onward often contain the legend, Munificentia Augusta[[5]], indicating that generosity was indeed a part of his imperial program. Coins show nine occasions on which Commodus gave largesses, seven when he was sole emperor.[[6]] According to Dio, the emperor obtained some of this funding by taxing members of the senatorial class.[[7]] This policy of munificence certainly caused tensions between Commodus and the Senate. In 191 it was noted in the official Actus Urbis that the gods had given Commodus to Populus Senatusque Romanus. Normally the phrase Senatus Populusque Romanus was used. [[8]] While the Senate hated Commodus, the army and the lower classes loved him.[[9]] Because of the bad relationship between the Senate and Commodus as well as a senatorial conspiracy,[[10]] Rome "...was virtually governed by the praetorian prefects Perennis (182-185) and Cleander (186-9)."[[11]]

Commodus began to dress like the god Hercules, wearing lion skins and carrying a club.[[12]] Thus he appropriated the Antonines' traditional identification with Hercules, but even more aggressively. Commodus' complete identification with Hercules can be seen as an attempt to solidify his claim as new founder of Rome, which he now called the Colonia Lucia Annia Commodiana. This was legitimized by his direct link to Hercules, son of Father Jupiter.[[13]] He probably took the title of Hercules officially some time before mid-September 192.[[14]]

While the literary sources, especially Dio, Herodian, and the Historia Augusta, all ridicule the antics of his later career, they also give important insight into Commodus' relationship to the people.[[15]] His most important maneuver to solidify his claims as Hercules Romanus was to show himself as the god to the Roman people by taking part in spectacles in the amphitheater. Not only would Commodus fight and defeat the most skilled gladiators, he would also test his talents by encountering the most ferocious of the beasts.[[16]]

Commodus won all of his bouts against the gladiators.[[17]] The slayer of wild beasts, Hercules, was the mythical symbol of Commodus' rule, as protector of the Empire.[[18]]

During his final years he declared that his age should be called the "Golden Age."[[19]] He wanted all to revel in peace and happiness in his age of glory, praise the felicitas Commodi, the glorious libertas, his pietas, providential, his victoria and virtus aeterna.[[20]] Commodus wanted there to be no doubt that this "Golden Age" had been achieved through his munificence as Nobilissimus Princeps. He had declared a brand new day in Rome, founding it anew in 190, declaring himself the new Romulus.[[21]] Rome was now to be called Colonia Lucia Annia Commodiana, as noted above, and deemed "the Immortal," "the Fortunate," "the Universal Colony of the Earth."[[22]] Coins represent the archaic rituals of city-[re]foundation, identifying Commodus as a new founder and his age as new days.[[23]]

Also in 190 he renamed all the months to correspond exactly with his titles. From January, they run as follows: Lucius, Aelius, Aurelius, Commodus, Augustus, Herculeus, Romanus, Exsuperatorius, Amazonius, Invictus, Felix, Pius.[[24]] According to Dio Cassius, the changing of the names of the months was all part of Commodus' megalomania.[[25]] Commodus was the first and last in the Antonine dynasty to change the names of the months.


The legions were renamed Commodianae, the fleet which imported grain from Africa was called Alexandria Commodiana Togata, the Senate was deemed the Commodian Fortunate Senate, his palace and the Roman people were all given the name Commodianus.[[26]] The day that these new names were announced was also given a new title: Dies Commodianus.[[27]] Indeed, the emperor presented himself with growing vigor as the center of Roman life and the fountainhead of religion. New expressions of old religious thought and new cults previously restricted to private worship invade the highest level of imperial power.[[28]]

If Eusebius of Caesarea [[29]] is to be believed, the reign of Commodus inaugurated a period of numerous conversions to Christianity. Commodus did not pursue his father's prohibitions against the Christians, although he did not actually change their legal position. Rather, he relaxed persecutions, after minor efforts early in his reign.[[30]] Tradition credits Commodus's policy to the influence of his concubine Marcia; she was probably his favorite,[[31]] but it is not clear that she was a Christian.[[32]] More likely, Commodus preferred to neglect the sect, so that persecutions would not detract from his claims to be leading the Empire through a "Golden Age."[[33]]

During his reign several attempts were made on Commodus' life.[[34]] After a few botched efforts, an orchestrated plot was carried out early in December 192, apparently including his mistress Marcia. On 31 December an athlete named Narcissus strangled him in his bath,[[35]] and the emperor's memory was cursed. This brought an end to the Antonine Dynasty.


SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY
Alföldy, G. "Der Friedesschluss des Kaisers Commodus mit den Germanen," Historia 20 (1971): 84-109.

Aymard, J. "Commode-Hercule foundateur de Rome," Revue des études latines 14 (1936): 340-64.

Birley, A. R. The African Emperor: Septimius Severus. -- rev. ed.-- London, 1988.
________. Marcus Aurelius: A Biography. London, 1987.

Breckenridge, J. D. "Roman Imperial Portraiture from Augustus to Gallienus," ANRW 2.17. 1 (1981): 477-512.

Chantraine, H. "Zur Religionspolitik des Commodus im Spiegel seiner Münzen," Römische Quartalschrift für christliche Altertumskunde und für Kirchengeschichte 70 (1975): 1-31.

Ferguson, J. The Religions of the Roman Empire. Ithaca, 1970.

Fishwick, D. The Imperial Cult in the Latin West. Leiden, 1987.

Gagé, J. "La mystique imperiale et l'épreuve des jeux. Commode-Hercule et l'anthropologie hercaléenne," ANRW 2.17.2 (1981), 663-83.

Garzetti, A. From Tiberius to the Antonines. A History of the Roman Empire A. D. 14-192. London, 1974.

Grosso F. La lotta politica al tempo di Commodo. Turin, 1964.

Hammond, M. The Antonine Monarchy. Rome, 1956.

Helgeland, J. "Roman Army Religion," ANRW II.16.2 (1978): 1470-1505.

Howe, L. L. The Praetorian Prefect from Commodus to Diocletian (A. D. 180-305). Chicago, 1942.

Keresztes, P. "A Favorable Aspect of Commodus' Rule," in Hommages ŕ Marcel Renard 2. Bruxelles, 1969.

Mattingly, R. The Roman Imperial Coinage. Volume III: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. London, 1930.

Nock, A. D. "The Emperor's Divine Comes," Journal of Roman Studies 37 (1947): 102-116.

Parker, H. M. D. A History of the Roman World from A. D. 138 to 337. London, 1935.
________. and B.H. Warmington. "Commodus." OCD2, col. 276.

Raubitschek, A. E. "Commodus and Athens." Studies in Honor of Theodore Leslie Shear. Hesperia, Supp. 8, 1948.

Rostovtzeff, M. I. "Commodus-Hercules in Britain," Journal of Roman Studies 13 (1923): 91-105.

Sordi, M. "Un senatore cristano dell'éta di Commodo." Epigraphica 17 (1959): 104-112.

Speidel, M. P. "Commodus the God-Emperor and the Army," Journal of Roman Studies 83 (1993): 109-114.

Stanton, G. R. "Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus, and Commodus: 1962-1972." ANRW II.2 (1975): 478-549.

Notes
[[1]] For a discussion of the circumstances surrounding the death of Marcus Aurelius, see A. R. Birley, Marcus Aurelius: A Biography -- rev. ed. -- (London, 1987), 210.
Aurelius Victor, De Caes. 16.4, writing around the year 360, claimed Aurelius died at Vindobona, modern Vienna. However, Tertullian, Apol. 25, who wrote some seventeen years after Marcus' death, fixed his place of death at Sirmium, twenty miles south of Bononia. A. R. Birley (Marcus Aurelius, 209-10) cogently argues Tertullian is much more accurate in his general description of where Marcus was campaigning during his last days.
For the dating of Marcus Aurelius' death and the accession of Commodus, see M. Hammond, The Antonine Monarchy (Rome, 1956), 179-80.

[[2]] For the army's attitude toward peace, the attitude of the city toward the peace, and the reception of the emperor and his forces into Rome, see Herodian, 1.7.1-4; for Commodus' subsequent political policies concerning the northern tribes, see G. Alföldy, "Der Friedesschluss des Kaisers Commodus mit den Germanen," Historia 20 (1971): 84-109.
For a commentary on the early years of Commodus in the public perception as days of optimism, see A. Garzetti, From Tiberius to the Antonines. A History of the Roman Empire A. D. 14-192 (London, 1974), 530. For a more critical, and much more negative portrayal, see the first chapter of F. Grosso, La lotta politica al tempo di Commodo (Turin, 1964).

[[3]]The gods Minerva and Jupiter Victor are invoked on the currency as harbingers of victory; Jupiter Conservator on his coins watches over Commodus and his Empire, and thanks is given to divine Providence (H. Mattingly, The Roman Imperial Coinage. Volume III: Antoninus Pius to Commodus, [London, 1930] 356-7, 366-7). In 181, new coin types appear defining the new reign of Commodus. Victory and peace are stressed. Coins extol Securitas Publica, Felicitas, Libertas, Annona, and Aequitas (ibid., 357).
By 186 Commodus is depicted as the victorious princes, the most noble of all born to the purple. Herodian (1.5.5) describes how Commodus boasted to his soldiers that he was born to be emperor. See also H. Chantraine, "Zur Religionspolitik des Commodus im Spiegel seiner Münzen," Römische Quatralschrift für christliche Altertumskunde und für Kirchengeschichte 70 (1975), 26. He is called Triumphator and Rector Orbis, and associated with the Nobilitas of Trojan descent (Mattingly, RIC III.359; idem, Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum. Volume IV: Antoninus Pius to Commodus, [Oxford, 1940], clxii).

[[4]] Dio tells us that Commodus liked giving gifts and often gave members of the populace 140 denarii apiece (Cass. Dio, 73.16), whereas the Historia Augusta reports that he gave each man 725 denarii (SHA, Comm., 16.3).

[[5]]Mattingly, RIC, III.358.

[[6]] Idem., CBM, IV.clxxiv.

[[7]]Cass. Dio, 73.16.

[[8]]M. P. Speidel, "Commodus the God-Emperor and the Army," Journal of Roman Studies 83 (1993), 113.

[[9]]Mattingly, CBM, IV.xii. Commodus was also popular amongst the northern divisions of the army because he allowed them to wield axes in battle, a practice banned by all preceding emperors. See, Speidel, JRS 83 (1993), 114.

[[10]]Infra, n. 34.

[[11]] H. Parker and B.H. Warmington, OCD2, s.v. "Commodus," col. 276; after 189, he was influenced by his mistress Marcia, Eclectus his chamberlain, and Laetus (who became praetorian prefect in 191 (Idem.).

[[12]]Herodian, 1.14.8. Hadrian appears on medallions in lion skins; but as far as the sources tell us, he never appeared in public in them. See J. Toynbee, Roman Medallions,(New York, 1986), 208.
He would often appear at public festivals and shows dressed in purple robes embroidered with gold. He would wear a crown made of gold, inlaid with the finest gems of India. He often carried a herald's staff as if imitating the god Mercury. According to Dio Cassius, Commodus' lion's skin and club were carried before him in the procession, and at the theaters these vestiges of Hercules were placed on a gilded chair for all to see (Cass. Dio, 73.17). For the implications of the golden chair carried in procession in relation to the imperial cult, see D. Fishwick, The Imperial Cult in the Latin West, (Leiden, 1987-91 ), 555.

[[13]] H. M. D. Parker, A History of the Roman World from A. D. 138 to 337, (London, 1935), 34; For medallions that express the relationship between Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius, and Lucius Verus extolling Hercules as a symbol of civic virtue, see Toynbee, Roman Medallions, 208. For a general statement on the symbolism of Hercules in the Antonine age, see M. Hammond, The Antonine Monarchy, 238.
For a discussion of Commodus' association with Hercules, see
Rostovtzeff, "Commodus-Hercules," 104-6.
Herodian spells out the emperor's metamorphosis in detail (1.14.8).

[[14]]See Speidel, "Commodus the God-Emperor," 114. He argues this general date because a papyrus from Egypt's Fayum records Hercules in Commodus' title on 11 October 192.

[[15]]For a preliminary example, Herodian writes (1.13.8), "people in general responded well to him."

[[16]]As Dio reports, Commodus, with his own hands, gave the finishing stroke to five hippopotami at one time. Commodus also killed two elephants, several rhinoceroses, and a giraffe with the greatest of ease. (Cass. Dio, 73.10), and with his left hand (ibid., 73.19). Herodian maintains that from his specially constructed terrace which encircled the arena (enabling Commodus to avoid risking his life by fighting these animals at close quarters), the emperor also killed deer, roebuck, various horned animals, lions, and leopards, always killing them painlessly with a single blow. He purportedly killed one hundred leopards with one hundred javelins, and he cleanly shot the heads off countless ostriches with crescent-headed arrows. The crowd cheered as these headless birds continued to run around the amphitheater (1.15-4-6; for Commodus' popularity at these brutal spectacles, see Birley, The African Emperor, 86) (and Dio tells his readers that in public Commodus was less brutal than he was in private [73.17ff]).

[[17]] According to Herodian (1.15-17), "In his gladiatorial combats, he defeated his opponents with ease, and he did no more than wound them, since they all submitted to him, but only because they knew he was the emperor, not because he was truly a gladiator."

[[18]]Webber, "The Antonines," CAH, XI.360.

[[19]]Cass. Dio, 73.15.

[[20]] Mattingly, RIC, III.361. For Commodus' propaganda of peace, see W. Webber, "The Antonines," CAH, XI.392.

[[21]] W. Webber, "The Antonines," CAH, XI.392-3. In 189 a coin type was issued with the legend Romulus Conditor, perhaps indicating he began the official renaming process during that year. For a discussion on Commodus as Romulus, see A. D. Nock, "The Emperor's Divine Comes," Journal of Roman Studies 37 (1947), 103.

[[22]] HA, Comm. 7.1; Cass. Dio, 73.15.

[[23]]Mattingly, RIC, III.361. See also, Webber, "The Antonines," CAH, XI.386.

[[24]]The title Felix is first used by the emperor Commodus, and is used in the titles of almost all successive emperors to the fifth century. See, D. Fishwick, The Imperial Cult in the Latin West (Leiden, 1987-91), 473.
HA, Comm., 12.315; Cass. Dio, 73.15; Herodian, I.14.9. These new names for the months seem to have actually been used, at least by the army, as confirmed by Tittianus' Altar. See M. P. Speidel, "Commodus the God-Emperor and the Army," Journal of Roman Studies 83 (1993), 112.

[[25]] Cass. Dio, 73.15.

[[26]]Legions:Idem.; the Grain fleet: SHA, Comm., 12.7. For a further discussion of Commodus' newly named fleet, see, A. Garzetti, From Tiberius to the Antonines, 547. For coins issued extolling the fleet, see Mattingly, CBM, IV.clxix; RIC, III.359; the Senate: Cass. Dio, 73.15; the Imperial Palace: SHA, Comm., 12.7; the Roman People: Ibid., 15.5.

[[27]]Cass. Dio, 73.15.

[[28]]Mattingly, CBM, IV.clxxxiv.

[[29]]Eusebius, Hist.Ecc., 5.21.1.

[[30]]For a discussion of the treatment of Christianity during the reigns of Marcus Aurelius and Commodus as well as persecutions during the reign of Commodus, see Keresztes, "A Favorable Aspect," 374, 376-377.

[[31]]Herodian, 1.16.4; Dio, 73.4. A Medallion from early 192 shows Commodus juxtaposed with the goddess Roma, which some scholars have argued incorporates the features of Marcia. See, Roman Medallions, "Introduction." Commodus was married, however, to a woman named Crispina. He commissioned several coins early in his rule to honor her.

[[32]]The Christian apologist Hippolytus tells that she was a Christian (Philos. 9.2.12), Dio tells that she simply favored the Christians (73.4). Herodian does not take a stand on the matter either way (1.16.4).

[[33]]Cass. Dio, 73.15. He pronounces Commodus' edict that his rule should be henceforth called the "Golden Age."

[[34]]H. Parker and B.H. Warmington note that Commodus..."resorted to government by means of favorites...which was exacerbated by an abortive conspiracy promoted by Lucilla and Ummidius Quadratus (182)." (OCD2, col. 276).

[[35]]Herodian, 1.17.2-11; Dio Cass., 73.22; SHA, Comm.,17.1-2.

Copyright (C) 1998, Dennis Quinn. This file may be copied on the condition that the entire contents, including the header and this copyright notice, remain intact. Used by Permission.

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