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Search results - "Maximian"
Maximian-4.jpg
29 viewsMAXIMIANVS - Potin Tetradrachm - Year 3 - 289/290 AD
Ob.: Α Κ Μ Α ΟΥΑ ΜΑΞΙΜΙΑΝΟC CEB; laureate & draped bust right
Rev.: L Γ; Nike walking right holds wreath and palm
gs. 6,4 mm. 19,9
Milne 4818
Maxentius
GALERIUS-2.jpg
34 viewsGALERIVS - Silvered AE Follis - 297-298 AD. - Heraclea mint
Obv.: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right
Rev.: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera & cornucopia, HTΓ in ex.
Gs. 10,5 mm. 27,5
Cohen 78, RIC 20b
Maxentius
MAXIMIAN-5.jpg
74 viewsMAXIMIAN AE3 (Half-follis). 317-318 AD- Posthumous issue struck under Constantine I. - Mint of Siscia
Obv.: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, laureate veiled bust right
Rev.: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM, Emperor seated left on curule chair, raising hand & holding scepter, SIS in ex.
Gs. 1,7 mm. 17,1
RIC 41 (R3), Cohen 495

1 commentsMaxentius
MaximianIoviConservat.jpg
33 viewsmarandnumiz
Maximianus_1.JPG
28 viewsMaximianus, AD 285-295, AE Antoninianus, Antioch Mint Jon the Lecturer
rjb_01_07_09.jpg
"Boulogne" (VI) 14b41 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AE Follis
Obv: IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Laureate bust right
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
-/-//-
Uncertain continental mint (Boulogne?) operating around the time of the British invasion
RIC (VI) Lyon 14b
mauseus
rjb_2009_09_04.jpg
Maximianus I44 viewsMaximianus I
Ticinum Mint
MAXIMIANVS AVG
Laureate bust right
VTILITAS PVBLICA
Utilitas standing facing, head left
-/-//T
RIC (VI) Ticinum 27b
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_2009_09_13.jpg
Maximianus I43 viewsMaximianus
Siscia mint
MAXIMIANVS AVG
Laureate bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left with patera and cornucopia
-/-//SIS
RIC (VI) Siscia 169b
2 commentsmauseus
Maximian_RIC_Aquileia_29b_tflip.jpg
2 Maximian42 viewsMAXIMIANUS
AE1 Follis. 300 AD
IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopia, AQP in ex.
RIC Aquileia 29b
Sosius
rjb_car_fratrescf198.jpg
202cf190 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "CARAVSIVS ET FRATRES SVI"
Jugate busts of Diocletian, Maximianus and Carausius left, Carausius holding spear over shoulder
Rev "COMES AVGGG"
Victory walking left holding wreath and branch
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 202-3)
An interesting variant of the bust type with the spear, compare with the jugate Carausius in the “Best of Type” gallery.
2 commentsmauseus
Galerius_RIC_Heraclea_59a.jpg
4 Galerius30 viewsGALERIUS
AE Follis, Heraclea, 311 AD
IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG / GENIO IMP-E-RATORIS, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia, star in l. field, crescent in r. field, HT epsilon in ex.
RIC VI Heraclea 59a Scarce
Sosius
Galerius_RIC_VI_Nicomedia_54a_66a.jpg
4 Galerius37 viewsGALERIUS
AE Folles, Nicomedia Mint, 307-308 / 310-311

IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, bust l. / GENIO AV-GVSTI CM[H], Genius standing left holding patera and, cornucopiae, SMN delta in ex

RIC VI Nicomedia 54a/66a (identical)

Sosius
Galerius_RIC_VI_Antioch_53b.jpg
4 Galerius25 viewsGALERIUS
AE Follis, Antioch, 299-300 A.D.

GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, bust l. / GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left left, holding patera and cornucopia, epsilon in r. filed, ANT in ex

RIC VI Antioch 53b
Sosius
Galerius_RIC_Alexandria_79v_hwflip.jpg
4 Galerius44 viewsGALERIUS
AE Folles, Alexandria, 308 AD

IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, bust l. / GENIO IMPE-RATORIS Genius standing left, holding cornucopia and patera, X in l. field, A over K in r. field, ALE in ex.

RIC VI Alexandria 79v (reverse legend break). VF, die break/chip at 12:00 on reverse.
1 commentsSosius
Galerius_RIC_VII_Heraclea_18b_hwflip.jpg
4 Galerius33 viewsGALERIUS
Silvered Follis, Heraclea, 297-298 AD

GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, head l. / GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI, Genius standing l., holding patera and cornucopiae, HT epsilon in ex.

RIC VI Heraclea 20b
Sosius
Maximian_Civic_Antioch.jpg
6 Maximinus II43 viewsANTIOCH
Semi-autonomous issue under Maximinus II, ca. 310 AD

GENIO ANTOCHENI - Genius of Antioch seated, facing; Orontes swimming below / APOLLONI SANCTO, Apollo standing left, holding patera and lyre.

'The last civic coinages and the religious policy of Maximinus Daza', J. van Heesch. c.310 (Antioch).
Sosius
rjb_2017_03_02.jpg
Galerius13 viewsGalerius
Trier Mint
MAXIMIANVS NC
Laureate head right
VO/TIS/X/SIC/XX
Wreath
RIC (VI) Trier - (cf 570-1); Zschucke 3.4
mauseus
gm16b.jpg
Galerius Maximian RIC 16b, Heraclea9 viewsGalerius, AE radiate fraction, Heraclea, 295-296 CE.
Obverse: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Reverse: CONCORDIA MIL ITVM, Emperor, standing right, receiving victory on globe from Jupiter who is standing left, holding scepter. H gamma in lower center
Heracles mint 21 mm., 2.3 g.
NORMAN K
GI_146d_img.jpg
Maximianus Herculius, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Year 1, Eirene13 viewsObv:– A K M OYA MAXIMIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Eirene, standing left, holding live branch and transverse sceptre.
Minted in Alexandria (L | A). A.D. 285-286
Reference:– Milne 4778. Emmett 4113(1) R1. Curtis 2064. BMC 2553. Dattari 5859
maridvnvm
maxmin.jpg
Maximianus I, RIC 292 Lugdunum16 viewsMAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS, 286-305
Obverse: IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: COMES - AVGG / C Minerva, wearing long dress, mantle and helmet, standing facing, head turned left., holding shield with her left hand, lance with her right hand.
RIC 292, 23.9 mm., 3.2 g.
NORMAN K
maxmem.jpg
Maximianus, AE4 Memorial 22 views
Maximianus 317-318 CE.
Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO OPTIMO IMP, veiled & laureate, bust right.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIM-ORVM MERITORVM, Emperor sitting left on curule chair, raising right hand, holding scepter.
TSR ??? in ex. Uncertain mint, 16.4 mm., .8 g.
NORMAN K
maximianusegypt~1.jpg
Maximianus, Roman Provincial Egypt 15 viewsMaximianus Billion tetradrachm 285-310 CE.
Obverse: MAXIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed head right.
Reverse: Nike flying left, wreath in right hand, palm over shoulder jn left.
S/L (YEAR 6) left, star right. Alexandria mint.
20.6 mm., 7.5 g., Alexandria 2577
NORMAN K
rjb_2011_02_02.jpg
"Boulogne" (VI) 17b24 viewsGalerius as Caesar
AE Follis
Obv: C VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C
Laureate bust right
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
-/-//-
Uncertain continental mint (Boulogne?) operating around the time of the British invasion
RIC (VI) Lyon 17b
mauseus
maximian_ii_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS32 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
Struck 302 - 303 AD
AE Follis 27 mm 7.67 g
O: IMP C MA MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate bust right
R: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera & cornucopia; G to right; TS in ex
Thessalonica RIC 23b
laney
MAXIMIANUS_B.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS42 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
Struck 286 - 295 AD
AE SILVERED ANT. 22mm 2.66g
O: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
RAD CUIR BUST R
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVG
JUPITER R HOLDING GLOBE & SCEPTER FACING HERCULES HOLDING VICTORY ON GLOBE, CLUB, LIONSKIN CRESCENT/B BETWEEN
XII IN EXE
ANTIOCH
(J.Ryan)
laney
maximianus_10_07.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS31 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
AE 20 mm 2.62 g
O: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed.
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM - Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Maximianus, Gamma between
laney
max_egypt_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS29 views286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.
Struck 287/8 AD
Billon potin tetradrachm 18 mm 7.51 g
O: K M A OYA MAXIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: Homonoia standing left, raising right, double cornucopia in left, L -G (year 3) across fields
Egypt, Alexandria mint
BMC 2561, Curtis 2091 , Milne 4855
laney
MAXIMIANUS_TEMPLE_RES.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS27 views286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.
Struck 2nd reign; 307 - 308 AD
AE Follis 24 mm 5.14 g
O: IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right
R: CONSERV VRB SVAE, Roma seated within hexastyle temple, head turned left, holding globe in right hand, scepter in left; TT in exe
Ticinum mint
laney
maximian_concord_e_blk_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS25 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
struck ca 293, during 1st reign; pre-reform, Officina 5
AE 21.5 mm 4.85 g
O: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM Emperor receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, E between; XX pellet in exe.
Cyzicus mint
laney
maximian_genio_2_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS15 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
AE Follis 25 mm, 5.14 g
O: D N MAXIMIANO P F AVG laureate cuirassed bust right
R: GENIO POP ROM Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopia; PLN iin exe.
London mint; RIC VI 90
laney
maximianus_concor_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS30 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
AE 21.5 mm, 2.66 g (pre-reform)
O: IMP C MA MAXIMIANVS PF AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM; Maximian holding scepter and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter who holds scepter
laney
maximian_concordia_g_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS17 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
AE 20 mm; 2.62 g
O: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG radiate cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM Jupiter presenting Victory on a globe to Maximianus; gamma between
laney
maximianus_iovi_B_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS23 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
Silvered AE Ant. 22 mm, 4.74 g
O: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG;radiate cuirassed bust right
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG Jupiter right holding globe and scepter, facing Hercules left, holding Victory on globe, club, and lionskin; crescent over B between; XXI in exe.
Antioch mint
laney
maximianus_alexandria_b_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS--ALEXANDRIA32 views286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D
Struck 294/295 (Year 10)
AE TETRADRACHM 20.5 mm 6.44 g
O: MAXIMI_ANOC CEB Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind
R: Nike flying right, wreath upward in right hand, palm in left over shoulder L / I across fields
ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN PROVINCIAL EGYPT
Emmett 4147; Milne 5181 var; Curtis 2105 var; BMC 2585 var

laney
maximinus_alexandria_a_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS--ALEXANDRIA25 views286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.,
Billon tetradrachm 19.5 mm 7.55 g
O: "MAXIMIANO"C C"EB", laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: ENATOY L (year 9), Homonoia standing left, raising right, double cornucopia in left, star in right field
ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN PROVINCIAL EGYPT
Milne 5126; Dattari 5936; BMC Alexandria p. 330, 2567

laney
galerius_genio_imp_0702.jpg
(0293) GALERIUS37 views293 - 305 AD (as Caesar)
305 - 311 AD (as Augustus)
AE Follis 26.5 mm max. 5.20 g
O: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right;
R: GENIO IMP-ERATORIS, Genio standing left holding patera in right, cornucopia in left, K - Γ/P at sides, ALE in ex
Alexandria
laney
galerius_concordia_070210.jpg
(0293) GALERIUS44 viewsGalerius as Caesar (293 - 305 AD; AVG 305 - 311 AD)
Struck ca 296 AD
AE 20 mm 3.18 g, Post-reform Radiate
O: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM, the prince standing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, star over Gamma between
ANT in ex. Antioch
laney
GALER_GENIO.jpg
(0293) GALERIUS46 views293 - 305 AD (as Caesar)
305 - 311 AD (as Augustus)
AE 23 X 25.5 mm 5.66 g
O: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
LAUR HEAD R
R: GENIO IMPERITORIS, K iN LEFT FIELD, T/K IN RIGHT FIELD
GENIUS STANDING L POURING FROM PATERA AND HOLDING CORNUCOPIA
ALE IN EXE
ALEXANDRIA
(JRyan)

laney
galerius_genio.jpg
(0293) GALERIUS24 views293 - 305 AD (as Caesar)
305 - 311 AD (as Augustus)
struck 297 AD
AE 27.4 mm, 10.53 g
O: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOBC CAES laureate head right
R: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI Genius standing left holding poatera dn cornucopia, crescent over A at right; ANT in exe.
Antioch mint; RIC 49b
(ex-Forum)
laney
galerius_res.jpg
(0293) GALERIUS (as Caesar)19 views293 - 305 AD (as Caesar)
305 - 311 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18 X 20 mm 2.18 g
O: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor receiving Victory from Jupiter
laney
FAUSTA.jpg
(0324) FAUSTA57 views(2nd wife of Constantine I; daughter of Maximian; mother of emperors Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans)
324 - 326 AD
AE 20.7 mm 2.86 g
O: FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG
DR BUST R, HAIR WAVED WITH BUN AT TACK, WEARING PEARL NECKLACE
R: SPES REIPVBLICAE
FAUSTA STANDING FACING, LOOKING L, HOLDING INFANTS CONSTANTINE II AND CONSTANTIUS II
SMK DELTA(?) IN EXE
RIC 50 SCARCE
laney
rjb_lon_6_17_08_06.jpg
(VI) 6b26 viewsMaximianus I
IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 6b
mauseus
rjb_max_lon_04_06.jpg
(VI) 1538 viewsGalerius
MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 15
mauseus
rjb_lon_06_09.jpg
(VI) 1713 viewsMaximianus I
IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 17
mauseus
rjb_09_07_09.jpg
(VI) 1712 viewsMaximianus I
IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 17
mauseus
rjb_lon1_05_06.jpg
(VI) 17cf imitation26 viewsMaximianus I
IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) - (cf17-19) imitation
mauseus
rjb_lond2_01_09.jpg
(VI) 42 imitation19 viewsMaximianus I
IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 42 imitation
mauseus
rjb_lon90_06_06.jpg
(VI) 9015 viewsMaximianus I
DN MAXIMIANO PF S AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
GENIO POP ROM
Genius standing left wearing turreted head-dress
-/-//PLN
RIC (VI) 90
mauseus
rjb_2014_01_07.jpg
(VI) 9119 viewsMaximianus I
DN MAXIMIANO PF S AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
HERCVLI CONSERVATORI
Hercules standing facing, head left holding club and bow
-/-//PLN
RIC (VI) 91
mauseus
Maximianus.jpg
*SOLD*37 viewsMaximian Follis

Attribution: RIC VI 31b, Ticinum
Date: AD 296-297
Obverse: IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate bust r.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius stg. l., modius on head, naked but for chlamys over l. shoulder, holding patera r. and cornucopiae l., star in l. field, ST in exergue
Size: 26 mm
Weight: 9.94 grams
2 commentsNoah
maj1709_(5).jpg
003 - Galerius (as Caesar 293-305 AD), Follis - RIC 16451 viewsObv: MAXIMIANVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, wearing modius and chlamys, sacrificing from patera on flaming altar and holding cornucopiae.
Minted in Lugdunum (PLC in exe, B in right field) 301-303 AD.
2 commentspierre_p77
Maximiano.jpg
005 - Maximian (second regin 306-308 AD), half follis - RIC 91b44 viewsObv: DN MAXIMIANO FELICISS, laureate bust right in imperial mantle, right hand rised.
Rev: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, holding branch in right hand and leaning on sceptre left.
Minted in Alexandria (gamma in mid field. ALE in exe), officina 3, earlier to mid 308 AD (that is before his second abdication at the conference in Carnuntum). Scarce according to RIC.

The coin type is supposed to honor the senior emperors Diocletian and Maximian after their abdication in 305 AD.
pierre_p77
0194.jpg
0194 - Nummus Maximian 307 AC49 viewsObv/ DN MAXIMIANO PFS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust of M. r.
Rev/ GENIO POP ROM, Genius of the Roman People standing l., holding patera and cornucopia; in ex., PLN.

AE, 7.09g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VI/90 [C2].
ex-Emporium Hamburg, auction 72, lot 819.
dafnis
02-Claudius-II-The-26.jpg
02. Claudius II: Thessalonica fractional.19 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Thessalonica mint.
Obverse: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP / Veiled bust of Claudius II, Gothicus.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark:: . TS . Γ .
1.35 gm., 16 mm.
RIC #26; PBCC #906; Sear #16399.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
03-Constantius-The-25.jpg
03. Constantius I: Thessalonica fractional.21 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Thessalonica mint.
Obverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINCIPI / Veiled bust of Constantius I.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark: . T . SB .
1.78 gm., 16 mm.
RIC #25; PBCC #908; Sear unlisted.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
Maximian_unlist.jpg
032 - Maximian (286-305 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 404, 407 (hybrid unlisted in RIC)44 viewsObv: IMP MAXIMIANUS AVG, radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding globe.
Rev: PAX AVGG, Minerva standing left, leaning on shield, holding olive branch and spear.
Minted in Lugdunum (C in exe, * in left field) 292-294 AD.

This coin is a hybrid between RIC 404 (as above but without the * and C(?)) and 407 (with * and C) and not listed in RIC. However Bastien lists this coin (vol 7, nr 488) with five examples cited. Not a very pretty coin but somehow interesting anyway as it turned out. Thanks to Jochen and maridvnvm of the FORUM´s classical numismatics discussion board for the info.

[Sold]
2 commentspierre_p77
04-Maximianus-Sis-41.jpg
04. Maximian: Siscia fractional.43 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Siscia mint.
Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP / Veiled bust of Maximian.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark: SIS
1.61 gm., 15mm.
RIC #41; PBCC #838; Sear #16412.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
12.jpg
057a MAXIMIANUS16 views EMPEROR: Maximianus
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG. Helmeted, cuirassed bust right
REVERSE VIRTVTI AVGG. Hercule standing right, strangling the Nemean lion
EXERGUE: -/-//-
MINT: Lugdunum
WEIGHT:
RIC: 454
Barnaba6
Personajes_Imperiales_9.jpg
09 - Personalities of the Empire53 viewsSaturninus, Carus, Carinus, Urbica, Nigrinianus, Numerianus, Diocletian, Maximian, Carausius, Allectus, Constantius I, Theodora, Galerius and Galeria Valeriamdelvalle
Personajes_Imperiales_9~0.jpg
09 - Personalities of the Empire33 viewsCarinus, Magnia Urbica, Nigrinianus, Numerianus, Diocletian, Maximian, Carausius, Allectus, Constantius I, Theodora, Galerius, Galeria Valeria, Severus II and Maxentiusmdelvalle
10-Maximianus-Lon-RIC-6b.jpg
10. Maximianus.20 viewsFollis, ca 298-300 AD, London mint (group II).
Obverse: IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG / Laureate and curiassed bust of Maximian.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Mint mark: (none)
9.63 gm., 27 mm.
RIC #6b; Sear unlisted.
Callimachus
11-Galerius-Lon-RIC-15.jpg
11. Galerius.21 viewsFollis, ca 298-300 AD, London mint (group II).
Obverse: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES / Laureate and curiassed bust of Galerius.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Mint mark: (none)
10.65gm., 26mm.
RIC #15; Sear #14344.
Callimachus
110a.jpg
110a Maximianus Herculius. AE antoninianus21 viewsobv: IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG rad. cuir. bust r.
rev: SALVS AVGG Salus std. r. feeding serpent
ex: T
hill132
110b.jpg
110b Maximianus Herculius. AE follis24 viewsobv: IMP C MA MAXIMIANVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: GENIO POPV_L_I ROMANI Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: K(epsilon)
hill132
110c.jpg
110c Maximinus Herculius. AE follis24 viewsobv: IMP C MA MAXIMIANVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: GENIO POPV_L_I ROMANI Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: HTA
hill132
110d.jpg
110d Maximianus Herculius. AE follis25 viewsobv: IMP C MA MAXIMIANVS PF AVG laur. head r
rev: GENIO POPV_L_I ROMANI genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: SMNB
hill132
110e.jpg
110e Maximianvs Herculius. AE follis16 viewsobv: IMP C MA MAXIMIANVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI Genius std. l. holding patera an cornucopiae
ex: K(delta)
hill132
110f.jpg
110f Maximianus Herculius. AE follis16 viewsobv: IMP C CAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: GENIO IMPE_RATORIS Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: -S/K-P//ALE
hill132
110g.jpg
110g Maximianus Herculius. AE follis17 viewsobv: IP C MA MAXIMIANVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: GENIO POPV_LI ROMI Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: K(epsilon)
hill132
110h.jpg
110h Maximianus Herculius. AE follis25 viewsobv: IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: SACRA MONETA VCC ET CAESS NOSTR Moneta l. holding scales and cornucopiae
ex: -V/AQP
hill132
110i_new.jpg
110i Maximianus Herculius. billion tetradrachm16 viewsobv: laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: Homonia std. l. raising r. hand and holding double cornucopiae
fld: L-r (date)
hill132
111a.jpg
111a Galerius Maximianus. AE follis 9.1gm28 viewsobv: CAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES laur; head r.
rev: GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: -S/ANT*
hill132
111b.jpg
111b Galerius Maximianus. AE radiate fraction22 viewsobv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES rad. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: CONCORDIA MI_LITVM Galerius std. r. receiving victory on globe from Jupiter
fld: KA
hill132
111c.jpg
111c Galerius Maximianus. AE follis 9.2gm25 viewsobv: CAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES laur. head r.
rev: GENIO POPV_L_I ROMANI Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: HTA
hill132
111d.jpg
111d Galerius Maximianus. AE follis 48 viewsobv: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES laur. head r.
rev: SACRA MONETA VCC ET CAESS NOSTR Moneta holding scales ad cornucopiae
ex:*-A/SIS
hill132
113a.jpg
113a Galerius. AE follis 6.9gm22 viewsobv: GAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG laur head r.
rev: GENIO A_VGVSTI Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: A//MKV
hill132
113b.jpg
113b Galerius. AE follis 6.2gm26 viewsobv: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: GENIO IMP_ERATORIS Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: -r/K-P//ALE
hill132
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-AVG_VICTORIA-AVGG_A_XXI_Siscia-RIC-V-II-279-p-249-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_22-23mm_4,09ga-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 279, AE-Antoninianus, A//XXI, VICTORIA AVG G, Diocletian and Maximianus standing facing each other, #189 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 279, AE-Antoninianus, A//XXI, VICTORIA AVG G, Diocletian and Maximianus standing facing each other, #1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA AVG G, Diocletian and Maximianus standing facing each other, one holds Victory on a globe and the other a transverse sceptre, A between them.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: 22-23 mm, weight: 4,09 g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 292 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 279, p-247, C-479,
Q-001
quadrans
12-Constantius-I-Lon-RIC-14a.jpg
12. Constantius I.32 viewsFollis, ca 298-300 AD, London mint (group II).
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB C / Laureate and curiassed bust of Constantius I.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Mint mark: (none)
9.71gm., 27 mm.
RIC # 14a; Sear #14034 (this coin !).

Although RIC lists these last four coins (Diocletian, Maximian, Galerius, and Constantius I) with other coins minted in London, a careful reading of the introduction to the mint of London (vol. VI, p. 113-122) shows the editors of RIC had serious reservations about this attribution.

The unmarked folles -- ie without a mint mark in the exergue -- can be divided into three groups. After many years of careful study, group I has been attributed to Lugdunum (Lyon, France), and groups II and III to Britain.

Of group II, RIC says (p. 115), " It is possible that the unmarked II coins were produced in Britain either from a travelling mint, or even from the "C" (Camulodunum?) mint of Carausius and Allectus, with which there are perhaps some stylistic affinities: the period of issue would fall from c. 298 onwards, perhaps until c. 300 or later."

Of group III, RIC says (p. 115), " The unmarked III coins are in everyway more sophisticated in style, and it may well be that they were produced at London, though lack of signature would be difficult to account for: probably it is best to class them as a British series which, for reasons unknown to us, was struck elsewhere. Their date is between 300 and 305."
Callimachus
120_Maximianus-Herculeus,_Antioch,_RIC_V-II_621,_AE-Silvered-Ant,_IMP_C_M_A_MAXIMIANVS_P_F_AVG,_CONCORDIA_MIL_ITVM,_H_XXI,_p-294,_293-AD,_Q-001,_1h,_21,0-22,3mm,_4,08g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC V-II 621, AE-Ant., H//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1115 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC V-II 621, AE-Ant., H//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Maximianus, H between.
exerg: H//XXI, diameter: 21,0-22,3mm, weight: 4,08g, axes: 1h,
mint: Antioch, date:293 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-621, p-294,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Silvered-Ant_IMP-C-M-A-MAXIMIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_Delta_XXI-dot_RIC-V-II-607_p-289_Heraclea-292-95-AD_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC V-II 607, AE-Ant., Δ//XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #176 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC V-II 607, AE-Ant., Δ//XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MI LITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Maximianus.
exerg: Δ//XXI•, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 3,81g, axes: 0h,
mint: Heraclea, date:292-295 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-607, p-289,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus_Q-008_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 399, AE-Ant., -/-//B, PAX AVG G, Pax standing left, #163 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 399, AE-Ant., -/-//B, PAX AVG G, Pax standing left, #1
avers:- IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PAX AVG G, Pax standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter.
exerg: -/-//B, diameter: 23mm, weight: 3,91g, axes: 0h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 290-294 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 399,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus_Q-007_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 399, AE-Ant., -/-//B, PAX AVG G, Pax standing left, #272 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 399, AE-Ant., -/-//B, PAX AVG G, Pax standing left, #2
avers:- IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PAX AVG G, Pax standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter.
exerg: -/-//B, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,43g, axes: 0h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 290-294 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 399,
Q-002
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_VIRTVTI-AVGG_-_RIC-V-II-454-p272_C-652_Lugdunum_289-AD_Scarce_Q-001_6h_21,5-23,5mm_3,47g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 454, AE-Ant., -/-//--, VIRTVTI AVG G, Hercules standing right, #1188 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 454, AE-Ant., -/-//--, VIRTVTI AVG G, Hercules standing right, #1
avers:- IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVTI AVG G, Hercules standing right, wrestling the Nemean lion; club to left.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 21,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,47g, axis: 6h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 289 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-454, p-272,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AR-Argenteus_MAXIMI-ANVS-AVG_VIRTVS-MILITVM_Epsilon_Q-001_0h_17-17,5mm_2,63g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC V-II 040b, AR-Argenteus, -/-//Є, VIRTVS MILITVM, Four Tetrarchs, #198 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC V-II 040b, AR-Argenteus, -/-//Є, VIRTVS MILITVM, Four Tetrarchs, #1
avers: MAXIMI ANVS AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: VIRTVS MILITVM, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing over altar, City gate in the background. 295-297 (Rome).
exergue: -/-//Є, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,66g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, date: 295-297 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 040b, C-622g,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus_Q004_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC V-II 506, AE-Ant., -/-//XXIZ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG G, Jupiter standing left, #183 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC V-II 506, AE-Ant., -/-//XXIZ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG G, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVAT AVG G, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 20-22mm, weight: 3,03g, axes: 6h,
mint:Rome , date: 285-286 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-506, C-355,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Silvered-Ant_IMP-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_PRIMIS-Xdot-MVLTIS-XX_XXI-Z_RIC-V-II-Not_in__p-_Rome-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC V-II Not in !!!, AE-Ant., -/-//XXIZ, PRIMIS X•MVLTIS XX, Jupiter standing left, Extremely Rare! #197 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC V-II Not in !!!, AE-Ant., -/-//XXIZ, PRIMIS X•MVLTIS XX, Jupiter standing left, Extremely Rare! #1
avers:- IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle. (8,H).
revers:- PRIMIS X•MVLTIS XX, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 2,20mm, weight: 3,21g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-V-II- Not in !!!, p-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Maximianus_AE-__RIC-_-AD_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 041var, AE-Follis, -/-//SIS, REQVIES OPTOMORVM MERITORVM, Maximian seated left, #1107 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 041var, AE-Follis, -/-//SIS, REQVIES OPTOMORVM MERITORVM, Maximian seated left, #1
avers:- DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, Laureate and veiled head right, DMa-F1,
revers:- REQVIES OPTOMORVM MERITORVM, Maximian seated left, raising the hand and holding scepter.
exergo: -/-//SIS, diameter: 16mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 317-18 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-41var, p-429, R4!,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Follis_DIVO-MAXIMIANO-SEN-FORT-IMP(DMa-F1)_REQVIES-OPTOM-ORVM-MERITORVM_SIS_R3-RIC-VII-41var-p429_Siscia_317-318-AD_Q-001_6h_16mm_1,13g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 041var, AE-Follis, -/-//SIS, REQVIES OPTOMORVM MERITORVM, Maximian seated left, #287 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 041var, AE-Follis, -/-//SIS, REQVIES OPTOMORVM MERITORVM, Maximian seated left, #2
avers:- DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, Laureate and veiled head right, DMa-F1,
revers:- REQVIES OPTOMORVM MERITORVM, Maximian seated left, raising the hand and holding scepter.
exergo: -/-//SIS, diameter: 16mm, weight: 1,13g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 317-18 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-41var, p-429, r4,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
120_Maximianus-Herculeus,_Heraclea,_RIC_V-II_575b,_AE-Silvered-Ant,_IMP_C_M_A_MAXIMIANVS_P_F_AVG,_CLEMENTIA_T_EMP,_B_XXI,_p-286,_287-AD,_Q-001_6h_21,0-22,5mm_4,07g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 575, AE-Ant., B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Maximian and Jupiter,138 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 575, AE-Ant., B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Maximian and Jupiter,
avers: IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, bust right.
reverse: CLEMENTIA T EMP, Emperor standing left receiving Victory on globe from soldier, B in lower centre.
exergue: B//XXI, diameter: 21,0-22,5mm, weight: 4,07g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 287 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 575A, p-286,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_Gamma_XXIdotLambdaIdot_RIC-V-II-581var-p290_C-70var_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_6h_22,5-23,5mm_3,99g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., Γ/-/XXI•ΛI•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #170 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., Γ/-/XXI•ΛI•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: Γ/-/XXI•ΛI•, diameter: 21,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,72g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 581var, p-290,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_Gamma_dotXXIdotLambdaIdot_RIC-V-II-581var-p290_C-70var_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_6h_23,5mm_3,36g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/Γ/•XXI•ΛI•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1210 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/Γ/•XXI•ΛI•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: -/Γ/•XXI•ΛI•, diameter: 23,5mm, weight: 3,36g, axis:6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A_VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVGG_B-XXI-KOY_RIC-V-II-580-p287_C-71_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_11h_22,5mm_4,36g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-//BXXIKOY, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #189 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-//BXXIKOY, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed, bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: -/-//BXXIKOY, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,36g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_XXIGammadotLambdaIdot_RIC-V-II-581var-p290_C-70var_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5mm_3,11g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-/XXIΓ•ΛI•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #195 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-/XXIΓ•ΛI•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: -/-/XXIΓ•ΛI•, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,11g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_XXIAdotHPdot_RIC-V-II-581var-p290_C-70var_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_5h_22-23,5mm_3,12g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-/XXIA•HP•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #162 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-/XXIA•HP•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: -/-/XXIA•HP•, diameter: 22-23,5mm, weight: 3,12g, axis: 5h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A_VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVGG_B_XXI-KOY_RIC-V-II-580-p287_C-71_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_6h_22-23mm_2,98g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-/XXIBKOY, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #161 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-/XXIBKOY, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed, bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: -/-/XXIBKOY, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 2,98g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_XXIBdotKOYdot_RIC-V-II-581var-p290_C-70var_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_11h_21,5-23,5mm_3,72g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-/XXIB•KOY•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1107 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-/XXIB•KOY•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed, bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: -/-/XXIB•KOY•, diameter: 21,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,72g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A_VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVGG_B_XXI-KOY_RIC-V-II-580-p287_C-71_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_6h_22-22,5mm_3,63gs.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/B/XXIKOY, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #167 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/B/XXIKOY, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed, bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: -/B/XXIKOY, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,63g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_A_XXIHP_RIC-V-II-581var-p290_C-70var_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_7h_22-22,5mm_3,34gs.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., A/-/XXIHP, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #166 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., A/-/XXIHP, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: A/-/XXIHP, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,34g, axis: 7h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_A_dotXXIHPdot_RIC-V-II-581var-p290_C-70var_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_7h_22,5-23mm_3,62g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., A/-/•XXIHP•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules,86 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., A/-/•XXIHP•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules,
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: A/-/•XXIHP•, diameter: 21,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,72g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-_IMP-MAXIMIANVS-P-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVATORI_RIC-V-II--p_C-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_16mm_1,42g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II Not in, AE-Quinarius, -/-//--, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, Extremly Rare!97 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II Not in, AE-Quinarius, -/-//--, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, Extremly Rare!
avers:- IMP MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONS ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16mm, weight: 1,42g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia , date: 285-286 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-Not in, C-Not in,
Q-001

"The quinar of maximianus you last showed is also of Siscia mint.
Your coin is the 2nd known.
Paris has another coin in outstanding condition with the same set of dies.
Companions coins for Diocletian also exist. One of them is published and illustrated in Cathy King's publication on Roman Quinarii > Siscia 2 a ( Zagreb collection ) with the same reverse die as your coin !
All these quinarii from Siscia with larger busts ( in my opinion datation around 288-9 AD ) are very rare." by Helveticus, Thank you Helveticus
quadrans
Maximianus_Q-009_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 549, AE-Ant., -/-//QXXIT, HERCVLI CONSERVAT, Hercules standing left, #176 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 549, AE-Ant., -/-//QXXIT, HERCVLI CONSERVAT, Hercules standing left, #1
avers:- IMP C M VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.,
revers:- HERCVLI CONSERVAT, Hercules standing left, resting the hand on the club and holding a bow with lion skin.
exerg: -/-//QXXIT, diameter: 21,5-23mm, weight: 3,62g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 290 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 549, p-283, C-242
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus_Q-006_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 559, AE-Ant., -/-//PXXIT, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, #172 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 559, AE-Ant., -/-//PXXIT, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: -/-//PXXIT, diameter: 20,5-23mm, weight: 3,43g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 288 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 599,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A_VAL-MAXIMIANVS-AVG(4)_IOVI-CONSERVAT(C)_S-XXI-T_RIC-V-II-559-p284_C-332_Ticinum_288-AD_Q-001_6h_19-21mm_3,08g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 559, AE-Ant., -/-//SXXIT, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, #179 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 559, AE-Ant., -/-//SXXIT, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exergo: -/-//SXXIT, diameter: 19-21mm, weight: 3,08g, axis: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 288-89 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-559, p-284, C-332,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG-(_)_IOVI-CONSERVAT-(F)_TXXIT_RIC-V-II-560var-p-284_C-332_Ticinum_290-AD_Q-001_5h_20-23,5mm_3,22ga-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 560var., AE-Ant., -/-//TXXIT, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, eagle, #1132 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 560var., AE-Ant., -/-//TXXIT, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, eagle, #1
avers:- IMP C M VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, head right, holding thunderbolt and spear, two standards behind, eagle at feet left.
exergo: -/-//TXXIT, diameter: 20-23,5mm, weight: 3,22g, axis: 5h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-560var ???, p-284,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-AVG_VIRTVS-AVGG_XXI-AT_RIC-V-II-565-p-285_C-_-AD_Q-001_6h_21,5-22,5mm_3,82g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 565, AE-Ant., -/-//XXIAT, VIRTVS AVG G, Hercules, and Victory, Scarce, #194 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 565, AE-Ant., -/-//XXIAT, VIRTVS AVG G, Hercules, and Victory, Scarce, #1
avers:- IMP C M VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.,
revers:- VIRTVS AVG G, Hercules standing right, Victory left turning right.
exerg: -/-//XXIAT, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,82g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 292 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 565, p-285, Scarce!,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus_AE-Ant_Q-005_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VI 046b, AE-Ant., B//ALE, CONCORDIA MILITVVM, Emperor and Jupiter,89 views120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VI 046b, AE-Ant., B//ALE, CONCORDIA MILITVVM, Emperor, and Jupiter,
avers: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: CONCORDIA MI LITVM, Prince standing right on left, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter to right, holding scepter.
exergue: B//ALE, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,20g, axes: 6h,
mint: Alexandria, date: , ref: RIC VI 046b, ,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Maximianus_Q0x1_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Aquileia, RIC VI 076a, AE-Follis, -/-/AQP, FIDES MILITVM AVG G ET CAES S N N, Fides standing, #172 views120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Aquileia, RIC VI 076a, AE-Follis, -/-/AQP, FIDES MILITVM AVG G ET CAES S N N, Fides standing, #1
avers: IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: FIDES MILITVM AVG G ET CAES S N N, Fides standing holding standard in each hand.
exergue: -/-/AQP, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Aquileia, date: 2nd reign, 306-307 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-076a, p-467, C-123,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus_Q-005_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 108b, AE-Follis, -/Γ//SIS, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #173 views120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 108b, AE-Follis, -/Γ//SIS, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers: IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: GENIO POP VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia, Γ in the right field.
exergue: -/Γ//SIS, diameter: 28mm, weight: 10,02g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 299 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-108b, p-467,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Quarter-Follis_IMP-C-M-A-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_GENIO-POP-VLI-ROMANI_SIS_RIC-VI-146-p-471-2a-A-R2-_Siscia_305-AD__Q-001_0h_19mm_2,34g-s.jpg
120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 146, AE-Quarter-Follis, -/-//SIS, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, R2!!, #170 views120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 146, AE-Quarter-Follis, -/-//SIS, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, R2!!, #1
avers: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: GENIO POP VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergue: -/-//SIS, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 305 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-146, p-471, R2!,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Quarter-Follis_IMP-C-M-A-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_GENIO-POP-VLI-ROMANI_SIS_RIC-VI-146-p-471-2a-A-R2-_Siscia_305-AD__Q-002_0h_19mm_2,xxg-s.jpg
120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 146, AE-Quarter-Follis, -/-//SIS, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, R2!!, #272 views120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 146, AE-Quarter-Follis, -/-//SIS, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, R2!!, #2
avers: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: GENIO POP VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergue: -/-//SIS, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 305 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-146, p-471, R2!,
Q-002
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculius_AE-Follis_IMP-C-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG(2a,A)_GENIO-POPVLI-ROMANI_Star_PTdot_RIC-VI-33b_Ticinum_p-284_298-9AD_Q-001_0h_27,5-28mm_8,57g-s.jpg
120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI 33b, AE-Follis, */-//PT•, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1105 views120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI 33b, AE-Follis, */-//PT•, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers: IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: GENIO POPV LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia, * in the left field.
exergue: */-//PT•, diameter: 27,5-28mm, weight: 8,57g, axis: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 298-299 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-33b, p-284,
Q-001
quadrans
120_Maximianus_Herculeus_(285-286_Caesar,_286-305,_307-308___310_A_D__Augustus),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-,_D-6008,_Alexdr,eagle_l,L-E,_Q-001_0h_17,5-18mm_7,91g-s.jpg
120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-, D-6008, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/E//--, Eagle left, #166 views120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-, D-6008, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/E//--, Eagle left, #1
avers:- A K M OVA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L - E (year 5), Eagle standing left, looking back, wreath in beak, star above left.
exerg: L/E//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 7,91g, axes: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 289-290 A.D., L-E, Year 5., ref: Geissen-, Dattari-6008, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.43-p-353,
Q-001
quadrans
120_Maximianus_Herculeus_(285-286_Caesar,_286-305,_307-308___310_A_D__Augustus),_Bi-Tetradr_G-3286,D-5875,Alexdr_Elpis_l_L-B,_Q-001_0h_18-20mm_8,17g-s.jpg
120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3286, D-5875, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/B//--, Elpis left, #181 views120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3286, D-5875, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/B//--, Elpis left, #1
avers:- A K M OVA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L-B, Elpis (Hope) advancing left, holding a flower and raising the hem of the skirt.
exerg: L/B//--, diameter: 18-20mm, weight: 8,17g, axes:0 h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 286-287 A.D.,L-B year 2., ref: Geissen-3286, Dattari-5875, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.17-p-352,
Q-001
quadrans
120_Maximianus_Herculeus_(285-286_Caesar,_286-305,_307-308___310_A_D__Augustus),_Bi-Tetradr_,_G-3298,D-6006-07,Alexdr_,eagle-l_,L-_,_Q-001_2h_18-19mm_7,95g-s.jpg
120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3298, D-6006-07, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/Δ//--, Eagle left, #165 views120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3298, D-6006-07, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/Δ//--, Eagle left, #1
avers:- A K M OVA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L - Δ (year 4), standing left, looking back, wreath in beak, star above left.
exerg: L/Δ//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 7,95g, axes: 2h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 288-289 A.D., L-Δ, Year 4., ref: Geissen-3298, Dattari-6006-07, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.31-p-352,
Q-001
quadrans
120_Maximianus_Herculeus_(285-286_Caesar,_286-305,_307-308___310_A_D__Augustus),_Bi-Tetradr_G-3307,D-5989-91,Alexdr_Tyche_l_L-E,_Q-001_0h_18mm_6,485g-s.jpg
120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3307, D-5989-91, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/E//--, Tyche left, #163 views120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3307, D-5989-91, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/E//--, Tyche left, #1
avers:- A K M OVA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L-E across the field, Tyche standing left holding rudder and cornucopia, star to left.
exerg: L/E//--, diameter: 18mm, weight:6,48 g, axes: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 289-290 A.D., Year 5 L-E., ref: Geissen-3307, Dattari-5989-91, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.46-p-353,
Q-001
quadrans
120_Maximianus_Herculeus_(285-286_Caesar,_286-305,_307-308___310_A_D__Augustus),_Bi-Tetradr_G-3324,D-5967,5969,Alexdr_-Nike,L-Z,_Q-001_11h_19,5mm_8,70g-s.jpg
120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3324, D-5967,5969, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/Z//--, Nike advancing right, #167 views120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3324, D-5967,5969, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/Z//--, Nike advancing right, #1
avers:- MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate head right.
revers:- Nike advancing right holding wreath and palm branch, L-Z across the field.
exe: L/Z//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 9,07g, axis: 5h,
mint:Alexandria, date:290-291 A.D., L-Z Year 7., ref: Geissen-3324, Dattari-5967, 5969, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.64-p-354,
Q-001
quadrans
Galerius_AE-Follis_IMP-C-GAL-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_VIRTVS-EX-ERCITVS_I_ANTdot_RIC-VI-92i-p-628_308-AD-Antioch_Sc-Q-001_0h_23,5-24,5mm_6,74g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC VI 092i, -/I//ANT•, AE-Follis, VIRTVS-EXERCITVS, Mars advancing right, Scarce, 128 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC VI 092i, -/I//ANT•, AE-Follis, VIRTVS-EXERCITVS, Mars advancing right, Scarce,
avers: IMP-C-GAL-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers: VIRTVS-EX-ERCITVS, Mars advancing right, holding spear and and shield, and trophy over shoulder.
exergo: -/I//ANT•, diameter: 23,5-24,5mm, weight: 6,74g, axis: 0h,
mint: Antioch, date: 308 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-92, p-628, Scarce,
Q-001
quadrans
Galerius_AE-Silvered-Follis_MAXIMIANVS-NOB-CAES_GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI_AQ-__RIC-VI-24b-p-314_3rd-off__C-_Aquilea-296-AD__Q-001_axis-6h_27mm_10,41g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 024b, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1316 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 024b, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- MAXIMIANVS-NOB-CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo: AQ Γ, diameter: 27mm, weight: 10,41g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 3rd.off., date: 296 A.D., ref: RICVI-24b, p-314,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Maximianus_Q0x1-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 060b, AE-Follis, FIDES-MILITVM-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NN, Fides standing left, #1289 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 060b, AE-Follis, FIDES-MILITVM-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NN, Fides standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NN, Fides standing left, holding a standard in each hand.
exergo: AQ P, diameter: 28-30mm, weight: 10,15g, axis: 6h,
mint: Aquilea, 1st.off., date: 305-06 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-60b, p-319,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus_AE-Follis_IMP-MAXIMIANVSP-F-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NN_AQ-P_RIC-VI-61b_2a-C_s_Aquilea_305-06-AD__Q-001_axis-6h_27-30mm_10,15g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 061b, AE-Follis, FIDES-MILITVM-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NN, Fides standing left, #188 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 061b, AE-Follis, FIDES-MILITVM-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NN, Fides standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Helmeted, laureate bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NN, Fides standing left, holding a standard in each hand.
exergo: AQ P, diameter: 27-30mm, weight: 10,15g, axis: 6h,
mint: Aquilea, 1st.off., date: 305-06 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-61b, p-319,
Q-001
quadrans
Galerius_AE-Follis_GAL-MAXIMIANVS-NOB-CAESS_GENIO-AVGG-ET-CAESARVM-NN_KA_RIC-VI-11b_p-580_297-9-AD-Cyzicus_Q-001_6h_27,5mm_9,82g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VI 011b, AE-Follis, GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN, Genius standing left, #1291 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VI 011b, AE-Follis, GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG, Laureate head right (large head type).
revers:- GENIO-AVGG-ET-CAESARVM-NN, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder (falls low), holding patera from which liquid flows and cornucopiae.
exergo: -/-//KA, diameter: 27,5mm, weight: 9,82g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 297-299 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-11b,
Q-001
quadrans
Galerius_AE-Follis_GAL-MAXIMIANVS-NOB-CAESS_GENIO-AVGG-ET-CAESARVM-NN_KA_RIC-VI-11b_p-580_297-9-AD-Cyzicus_Q-002_0h_27,4-27,8mm_10,54g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VI 011b, AE-Follis, GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN, Genius standing left, #2138 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VI 011b, AE-Follis, GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN, Genius standing left, #2
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG, Laureate head right (large head type).
revers:- GENIO-AVGG-ET-CAESARVM-NN, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder (falls low), holding patera from which liquid flows and cornucopiae.
exergo: -/-//KA, diameter: 27,4-27,9mm, weight: 10,54g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 297-299 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-11b,
Q-002
quadrans
Galerius_AE-Follis_GAL-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG_VIRTVTI-EXERCITVS_B_MKV_RIC-VI-47a-p-_308-9-AD-Cyzicus_Q-001_6h_24,5-25,5mm_6,71g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VI 047a, AE-Follis, VIRTVTI-EXERCITVS, Mars advancing right,204 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VI 047a, AE-Follis, VIRTVTI-EXERCITVS, Mars advancing right,
avers: GAL-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers: VIRTVTI-EXERCITVS, Mars advancing right, holding spear and shield, and trophy over shoulder.
exergo: B/-//MKV, diameter: 24,5-25,5mm, weight: 6,71g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 308-309 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-47a, p-,
Q-001
quadrans
Galerius_Ar-Argenteus_MAXIMIANVS-CAES_VIRTVS-MILITVM_Gamma_Rome_RIC-42b_C-_295-297-AD__Q-001_16-17,5mm_3,16g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VI 042b, AR-Argenteus, -/-//Γ, VIRTVS MILITVM, #1111 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VI 042b, AR-Argenteus, -/-//Γ, VIRTVS MILITVM, #1
avers: MAXIMIANVS CAES, Laureate head right.
reverse: VIRTVS MILITVM, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing over the tripod, City gate in the background.
exergue: -/-//Γ, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,16g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, 3rd.off., date: 295-97 A.D., ref: RIC VI 042b,
Q-001
quadrans
Galerius_AE-Follis_GAL-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-NOB-C_GENIO-POP-VLI-ROMANI_S-A_RIC-VI-81b_Siscia-310-311-AD__Q-001_1h_28-29mm_9,74g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 081bvar., S/A//--, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1148 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 081bvar., S/A//--, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- GAL-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-NOB-C, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-POP-VLI-ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae. S-A across fields. No mintmark. .
exergo: S/A//--, diameter: 28-29mm, weight: 9,74g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 294 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-81b var (unlisted reverse break)
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Galerius_AE-Follis_IMP-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG_GENIO-AVGVSTI_crescent-stigma_SIS_RIC-207c-6th-off_C-_Siscia-310-311-AD__Q-001_24-25mm_6,35g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 207c, AE-Follis, GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius standing left, #1118 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 207c, AE-Follis, GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-AVGVSTI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia, crescent left field, stigma right field.
exergo: SIS, diameter: 24-25mm, weight: 6,35g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 310-311 A.D., ref: RIC-207c-6th-officina,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Galerius_AE-Follis_DIVO-GAL-VAL-MAXIMIANO_FORTI-FORTINAE_A_SIS_RIC-VI-221-p-482_Siscia-311-AD-Scarce_Q-002_11h_24,5mm_6,50g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 221, AE-Follis, FORTI FORTVNAE, Fortuna standing left by wheel, Scarce! #174 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 221, AE-Follis, FORTI FORTVNAE, Fortuna standing left by wheel, Scarce! #1
avers:- DIVO-GAL-VAL-MAXIMIANO, Veiled head right.
revers:- FORTI-FOR-TVNAE, Fortuna standing left by wheel, right holding rudder on globe, left cornucopiae.
exergo: -/A//SIS, diameter: 24,5mm, weight: 6,50g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: 311 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-221, p-482, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Galerius_AE-Follis_DIVO-GAL-VAL-MAXIMIANO_FORTI-FORTINAE_B-over_Mu_SIS_RIC-VI-224-p-483_Siscia-312-AD-Scarce_Q-001_6h_24-26mm_4,68ga-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 224, AE-Follis, FORTI FORT(I)NAE, legend error FORTVNAE!!!,Fortuna standing left by wheel, Rare! #174 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 224, AE-Follis, FORTI FORT(I)NAE, legend error FORTVNAE!!!,Fortuna standing left by wheel, Rare! #1
avers:- DIVO-GAL-VAL-MAXIMIANO, Veiled head right.
revers:- FORTI-FOR-T(I)NAE, legend error FOR-TVNAE!!!, Fortuna standing left by wheel, right holding rudder on globe, left cornucopiae.
exergo: -/B/μ//SIS, diameter: 24-26mm, weight: 4,68g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 312 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-224, p-483, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
Galerius_AE-Follis_GAL-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG_GENIO-A-VGVSTI_star-Gamma_dotSMdotTSdot_RIC-VI-30a-p-514_308-10-AD-Thessa_Q-001_axis-0h_23-24,5mm_5,43g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VI 30a, AE-Follis, GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius standing left, #1229 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VI 30a, AE-Follis, GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- GAL-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-A-VGVSTI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exerg: */Γ//•SM•TS•, diameter: 23-24,5mm, weight: 5,43g, axes: 0h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 308-310 A.D., ref: RIC VI 30a, p-514,
Q-001
quadrans
Galerius_AR-Argenteus_MAXIMIANVS-CAESAR_VIRTVS-MILITVM_Ticinium_RIC-15b_RSC-220a_294-AD_Q-001_6h_18,5mm_2,68g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI 015b, AR-Argenteus, -/-//--, VIRTVS MILITVM, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing over the tripod,323 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI 015b, AR-Argenteus, -/-//--, VIRTVS MILITVM, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing over the tripod,
avers: MAXIMIANVS CAESAR, Laureate head right.
reverse: VIRTVS MILITVM, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing over the tripod, City gate in the background, with six turrets.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 2,68g, axis: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, 3rd.off., date: 294 A.D., ref: RIC VI 015b, RSC-220a,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Galerius_AE-Follis_IMP-C-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG_FIDES-M-I-LITVM_dot-in-left-field_PT_RIC-VI-55b-p-288_Ticinum-305-AD_Q-001_axis-11h_26-26,5mm_9,33g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI 055b, AE-Follis, FIDES MILITVM, Fides seating left, #1292 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI 055b, AE-Follis, FIDES MILITVM, Fides seating left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- FIDES-M-I-LITVM, Fides seating left, holding standard in each hand.
exergo: -/•//P T, diameter: 26-26,5mm, weight: 9,33g, axis: 11h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 305 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-55b, p-288,
Q-001
quadrans
DiocleAnt.jpg
1301a, Diocletian, 284-305 A.D. (Antioch)94 viewsDIOCLETIAN (284 – 305 AD) AE Antoninianus, 293-95 AD, RIC V 322, Cohen 34. 20.70 mm/3.1 gm, aVF, Antioch. Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust right, draped & cuirassed; Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian, I/XXI. Early Diocletian with dusty earthen green patina.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
DicletianConcordCyz.jpg
1301b, Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D.59 viewsDiocletian. RIC V Part II Cyzicus 256 var. Not listed with pellet in exegrue
Item ref: RI141f. VF. Minted in Cyzicus (B in centre field, XXI dot in exegrue)Obverse:- IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter.
A post reform radiate of Diocletian. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


Cleisthenes
MaxHercRIC5iiRome.jpg
1302a, Maximian, 285 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.47 viewsMaximianus AE Antoninianus. RIC V Part II 506 Bust Type C. Cohen 355; VF; Minted in Rome A.D. 285-286. Obverse: IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right; Rverse: IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt & scepter, XXIZ in exergue. Ex maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D.

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Perhaps born ca. 249/250 A.D. in Sirmium in the area of the Balkans, Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Maximianus Herculius (Maximian), had been a soldier before he put on the purple. A fellow soldier with the Emperor Diocletian, he had served in the military during the reigns of Aurelian and Probus.

When the Emperor Diocletian determined that the empire was too large for one man to govern on his own, he made Maximian his Caesar in 285/6 and elevated him to the rank of Augustus in perhaps the spring of 286. While Diocletian ruled in the East, Maximian ruled in the West. In 293, in order to maintain and to strengthen the stability of the empire, Diocletian appointed Constantius I Chlorus to serve Maximian as a Caesar in the West, while Galerius did the same job in the East. This arrangement, called the "Tetrarchy", was meant not only to provide a stronger foundation for the two emperors' rule, but also to end any possible fighting over the succession to the throne once the two senior Augusti had left the throne--a problem which had bedeviled the principate since the time of the Emperor Augustus. To cement the relationship between Maximian and his Caesar, Constantius married Maximian's elder daughter Theodora. A decade later, Constantius' son Constantine would marry Maximia's younger daughter Fausta.

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximian, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple. Their resignations seem largely due to the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian seems to have forced his colleague to abdicate. In any case, Herculius had sworn an oath at the temple of Capitoline Jupiter to carry out the terms of the abdication. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Diocletian's retirement was at Salonae in Dalmatia, while Herculius' retreat was either in Lucania or Campania.

Maximian's retirement, however, was of short duration because, a little more than a year later on 28 October 306, his son Maxentius was proclaimed emperor at Rome. To give his regime an aura of legitimacy, Maximian was forced to affirm his son's acclamation. When Galerius learned of Maxentius' rebellion, he sent Severus against him with an army that had formerly been under his father's command. Maxentius invested his father with the purple again to win over his enemy's troops, a ruse which succeeded. Perhaps to strengthen his own position, in 307 Maximian went to Gaul and married his daughter Fausta to Constantine. When Constantine refused to become embroiled in the civil war between Galerius and Maxentius, Maximian returned to Rome in 308 and attempted to depose his son; however, he did not succeed. When Maximian was unable to convince Diocletian to take up the purple again at a meeting in Carnuntum in late 308, he returned to his son-in-law's side in Gaul.

Although Maximian was treated with all of the respect due a former emperor, he still desired to be more than a figurehead. He decided to seize the purple from Constantine when his son-in-law least expected it. His opportunity came in the summer of 310 when the Franks revolted. When Constantine had taken a small part of his army into enemy territory, Maximian proclaimed himself again emperor and paid the soldiers under his command a donative to secure their loyalty. As soon as Constantine received news about Maximian's revolt in July 310, he went south and reached Arelate before his father-in-law could mount a defense of the city. Although Maximian fled to Massilia, his son-in-law seized the city and took Maximian prisoner. Although he was deprived of the purple, he was granted pardon for his crimes. Unable to endure the humiliation of his defeat, he attempted to have Constantine murdered in his bed. The plot failed because he tried to get his daughter Fausta's help in the matter; she chose to reveal the matter to her husband. Because of this attempt on his son-in-law's life Maximian was dead by the end of July either by his own hand or on the orders of his intended victim.

Eutropia was of Syrian extraction and her marriage to Maximian seems to have been her second. She bore him two children: Maxentius and Fausta. An older daughter, Theodora, may have been a product of her first marriage. Fausta became the wife of Constantine I , while her sister Theodora was the second spouse of his father Constantius I Chlorus . Eutropia apparently survived all her children, with the possible exception of her daughter Fausta who seems to have died in 326. Eutropia is also said to have become a Christian.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Max.jpg
1302b, Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D., commemorative issued by Constantine the Great (Siscia)55 viewsMaximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D., commemorative issued by Constantine the Great. Bronze AE3, RIC 41, VF, Siscia, 1.30g, 16.1mm, 0o, 317-318 A.D. Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, laureate and veiled head right; Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMO-RVM MERITORVM, Emperor seated left on curule chair, raising hand and holding scepter, SIS in exergue; scarce (R3).


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D.

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Perhaps born ca. 249/250 A.D. in Sirmium in the area of the Balkans, Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Maximianus Herculius (Maximian), had been a soldier before he put on the purple. A fellow soldier with the Emperor Diocletian, he had served in the military during the reigns of Aurelian and Probus.

When the Emperor Diocletian determined that the empire was too large for one man to govern on his own, he made Maximian his Caesar in 285/6 and elevated him to the rank of Augustus in perhaps the spring of 286. While Diocletian ruled in the East, Maximian ruled in the West. In 293, in order to maintain and to strengthen the stability of the empire, Diocletian appointed Constantius I Chlorus to serve Maximian as a Caesar in the West, while Galerius did the same job in the East. This arrangement, called the "Tetrarchy", was meant not only to provide a stronger foundation for the two emperors' rule, but also to end any possible fighting over the succession to the throne once the two senior Augusti had left the throne--a problem which had bedeviled the principate since the time of the Emperor Augustus. To cement the relationship between Maximian and his Caesar, Constantius married Maximian's elder daughter Theodora. A decade later, Constantius' son Constantine would marry Maximia's younger daughter Fausta.

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximian, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple. Their resignations seem largely due to the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian seems to have forced his colleague to abdicate. In any case, Herculius had sworn an oath at the temple of Capitoline Jupiter to carry out the terms of the abdication. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Diocletian's retirement was at Salonae in Dalmatia, while Herculius' retreat was either in Lucania or Campania.

Maximian's retirement, however, was of short duration because, a little more than a year later on 28 October 306, his son Maxentius was proclaimed emperor at Rome. To give his regime an aura of legitimacy, Maximian was forced to affirm his son's acclamation. When Galerius learned of Maxentius' rebellion, he sent Severus against him with an army that had formerly been under his father's command. Maxentius invested his father with the purple again to win over his enemy's troops, a ruse which succeeded. Perhaps to strengthen his own position, in 307 Maximian went to Gaul and married his daughter Fausta to Constantine. When Constantine refused to become embroiled in the civil war between Galerius and Maxentius, Maximian returned to Rome in 308 and attempted to depose his son; however, he did not succeed. When Maximian was unable to convince Diocletian to take up the purple again at a meeting in Carnuntum in late 308, he returned to his son-in-law's side in Gaul.

Although Maximian was treated with all of the respect due a former emperor, he still desired to be more than a figurehead. He decided to seize the purple from Constantine when his son-in-law least expected it. His opportunity came in the summer of 310 when the Franks revolted. When Constantine had taken a small part of his army into enemy territory, Maximian proclaimed himself again emperor and paid the soldiers under his command a donative to secure their loyalty. As soon as Constantine received news about Maximian's revolt in July 310, he went south and reached Arelate before his father-in-law could mount a defense of the city. Although Maximian fled to Massilia, his son-in-law seized the city and took Maximian prisoner. Although he was deprived of the purple, he was granted pardon for his crimes. Unable to endure the humiliation of his defeat, he attempted to have Constantine murdered in his bed. The plot failed because he tried to get his daughter Fausta's help in the matter; she chose to reveal the matter to her husband. Because of this attempt on his son-in-law's life Maximian was dead by the end of July either by his own hand or on the orders of his intended victim.

Eutropia was of Syrian extraction and her marriage to Maximian seems to have been her second. She bore him two children: Maxentius and Fausta. An older daughter, Theodora, may have been a product of her first marriage. Fausta became the wife of Constantine I , while her sister Theodora was the second spouse of his father Constantius I Chlorus . Eutropia apparently survived all her children, with the possible exception of her daughter Fausta who seems to have died in 326. Eutropia is also said to have become a Christian.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
GaleriusAugCyz.jpg
1303a, Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.35 viewsGalerius, RIC VI 59, Cyzicus S, VF, Cyzicus S, 6.4 g, 25.86 mm; 309-310 AD; Obverse: GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate bust right; Reverse: GENIO A-VGVS[TI], Genius stg. left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae. A nice example with sharp detail and nice brown hoard patina. Ex Ancient Imports.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Galerius (305-311 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University


Caius Galerius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Galerius, was from Illyricum; his father, whose name is unknown, was of peasant stock, while his mother, Romula, was from beyond the Danube. Galerius was born in Dacia Ripensis near Sardica. Although the date of his birth is unknown, he was probably born ca. 250 since he served under Aurelian. As a youth Galerius was a shepherd and acquired the nickname Armentarius. Although he seems to have started his military career under Aurelian and Probus, nothing is known about it before his accession as Caesar on 1 March 293. He served as Diocletian's Caesar in the East. Abandoning his first wife, he married Diocletian's daugher, Valeria.

As Caesar he campaigned in Egypt in 294; he seems to have taken to the field against Narses of Persia, and was defeated near Ctesiphon in 295. In 298, after he made inroads into Armenia, he obtained a treaty from the Persians favorable to the Romans. Between 299-305 he overcame the Sarmatians and the Carpi along the Danube. The Great Persecution of the Orthodox Church, which was started in 303 by the Emperor Diocletian, was probably instigated by Galerius. Because of the almost fatal illness that he contracted toward the end of 304, Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximianus Herculius, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple on 1 May 305. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. Constantius and Severus reigned in the West, whereas Galerius' and Daia's realm was the East. Although Constantius was nominally senior Augustus, the real power was in the hands of Galerius because both Caesars were his creatures.

The balance of power shifted at the end of July 306 when Constantius, with his son Constantine at his side, passed away at York in Britain where he was preparing to face incursions by the Picts; his army proclaimed Constantine his successor immediately. As soon as he received the news of the death of Constantius I and the acclamation of Constantine to the purple, Galerius raised Severus to the rank of Augustus to replace his dead colleague in August 306. Making the best of a bad situation, Galerius accepted Constantine as the new Caesar in the West. The situation became more complicated when Maxentius, with his father Maximianus Herculius acquiesing, declared himself princes on 28 October 306. When Galerius learned about the acclamation of the usurper, he dispatched the Emperor Severus to put down the rebellion. Severus took a large field army which had formerly been that of Maximianus and proceeded toward Rome and began to besiege the city, Maxentius, however, and Maximianus, by means of a ruse, convinced Severus to surrender. Later, in 307, Severus was put to death under clouded circumstances. While Severus was fighting in the west, Galerius, during late 306 or early 307, was campaigning against the Sarmatians.

In the early summer of 307 Galerius invaded Italy to avenge Severus's death; he advanced to the south and encamped at Interamna near the Tiber. His attempt to besiege the city was abortive because his army was too small to encompass the city's fortifications. Not trusting his own troops, Galerius withdrew. During its retreat, his army ravaged the Italian countryside as it was returning to its original base. When Maximianus Herculius' attempts to regain the throne between 308 and 310 by pushing his son off his throne or by winning over Constantine to his cause failed, he tried to win Diocletian and Galerius over to his side at Carnuntum in October and November 308; the outcome of the Conference at Carnuntum was that Licinius was appointed Augustus in Severus's place, that Daia and Constantine were denoted filii Augustorum, and that Herculius was completely cut out of the picture. Later, in 310, Herculius died, having been implicated in a plot against his son-in-law. After the Conference at Carnuntum, Galerius returned to Sardica where he died in the opening days of May 311.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University; Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Galerius was Caesar and tetrarch under Maximianus. Although a talented general and administrator, Galerius is better known for his key role in the "Great Persecution" of Christians. He stopped the persecution under condition the Christians pray for his return to health from a serious illness. Galerius died horribly shortly after. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.



Cleisthenes
Constantius1_silvered_follis.jpg
1304a, Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.48 viewsSilvered follis, RIC 20a, S 3671, VM 25, gVF, Heraclea mint, 10.144g, 27.7mm, 180o, 297 - 298 A.D. Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; Reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over shoulder, cornucopia in left, pouring liquor from patera, HTD in exergue; some silvering, nice portrait, well centered.



De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Constantius I Chlorus (305-306 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Constantius' Early Life and Marriage

Born March 31st, Emperor Flavius Valerius Constantius may have come into the world ca. 250. His family was from Illyricum. In the army he served as a protector, tribunus, and a praeses Dalmatiarum. During the 270s or the 280s, he became the father of Constantine by Helena, his first spouse. By 288 he was the Praetorian Prefect of the western emperor Maximianus Herculius.

Constantius' Reign as Caesar

On 1 March 293 Diocletian appointed Galerius as his Caesar (junior emperor) in the east and Constantius as the Caesar of Maximianus Herculius. Caesar in the west. Both Caesars had the right of succession. In order to strengthen the dynastic relationship between himself and Herculius., Constantius put aside his wife Helena and married Theodora, the daughter, or perhaps stepdaughter, of Maximianus Herculius.. The union was fruitful and of it there were six issue: Flavius Dalmatius, Julius Constantius, Hannibalianus, Constantia, Anastasia, and Eutropia. To strengthen his bond with Galerius and Diocletian in the east, Constantius allowed Galerius to keep his son Constantine as a hostage for his good behavior.

In the remainder of the time that he was a Caesar, Constantius spent much of his time engaged in military actions in the west. In the summer of 293 Constantius expelled the troops of the usurper Carausius from northern Gaul; after Constantius' attack on Bononia (Boulogne), Carausius was murdered. At the same time he dealt with the unrest of the Germans. In 296 he invaded Britain and put down the revolt of the usurper Allectus. Between 300 and 305 A.D. the Caesar campaigned successfully several times with various German tribes. It is worth noting in passing, that while his colleagues rigidly enforced the "Great Persecution in 303," Constantius limited his action to knocking down a few churches.

Constantius as Augustus and His Untimely Death

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedia, and Maximianus Herculius, at Mediolanum (Milan), divested themselves of the purple, probably because of the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian forced Maximianus to abdicate. They appointed as their successors Constantius and Galerius, with Severus and Maximinus Daia as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Constantius, as had his predecessor, ruled in the west, while Galerius and Daia ruled in the east. Almost as soon as he was appointed Augustus, he crossed to Britain to face incursions by the Picts where he died at York on 25 July 306 with his son (Constantine I, known to history as “The Great”) at his side.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
MaxentiusRIC163.jpg
1307a, Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.60 viewsBronze follis, RIC 163, aEF, Rome mint, 5.712g, 25.6mm, 0o, summer 307 A.D.; obverse MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONSERVATO-RES VRB SVAE, Roma holding globe and scepter, seated in hexastyle temple, RT in ex; rare. Ex FORVM; Ex Maridvnvm


De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maxentius (306-312 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius, more commonly known as Maxentius, was the child of the Emperor Maximianus Herculius and the Syrian, Eutropia; he was born ca. 278 A.D. After Galerius' appointment to the rank of Caesar on 1 March 293, Maxentius married Galerius' daughter Valeria Maximilla, who bore him a son named Romulus and another son whose name is unknown. Due to his haughty nature and bad disposition, Maxentius could seldom agree with his father or his father-in-law; Galerius' and Maximianus Herculius' aversion to Maxentius prevented the young man from becoming a Caesar in 305. Little else is known of Maxentius' private life prior to his accession and, although there is some evidence that it was spent in idleness, he did become a Senator.

On 28 October 306 Maxentius was acclaimed emperor, although he was politically astute enough not to use the title Augustus; like the Emperor Augustus, he called himself princeps. It was not until the summer of 307 that he started using the title Augustus and started offending other claimants to the imperial throne. He was enthroned by the plebs and the Praetorians. At the time of his acclamation Maxentius was at a public villa on the Via Labicana. He strengthened his position with promises of riches for those who helped him obtain his objective. He forced his father Maximianus Herculius to affirm his son's acclamation in order to give his regime a facade of legitimacy. His realm included Italy, Africa, Sardinia, and Corsica. As soon as Galerius learned about the acclamation of Herculius' son, he dispatched the Emperor Severus to quell the rebellion. With the help of his father and Severus' own troops, Maxentius' took his enemy prisoner.

When Severus died, Galerius was determined to avenge his death. In the early summer of 307 the Augustus invaded Italy; he advanced to the south and encamped at Interamna near the Tiber. His attempt to besiege the city was abortive because his army was not large enough to encompass the city's fortifications. Negotiations between Maxentius and Galerius broke down when the emperor discovered that the usurper was trying to win over his troops. Galerius' troops were open to Maxentius' promises because they were fighting a civil war between members of the same family; some of the soldiers went over to the enemy. Not trusting his own troops, Galerius withdrew. During its retreat, Galerius' army ravaged the Italian countryside as it was returning to its original base. If it was not enough that Maxentius had to deal with the havoc created by the ineffectual invasions of Severus and Galerius, he also had to deal with his father's attempts to regain the throne between 308 and 310. When Maximianus Herculius was unable to regain power by pushing his son off his throne, he attempted to win over Constantine to his cause. When this plan failed, he tried to win Diocletian over to his side at Carnuntum in October and November 308. Frustrated at every turn, Herculius returned to his son-in-law Constantine's side in Gaul where he died in 310, having been implicated in a plot against his son-in-law. Maxentius' control of the situation was weakened by the revolt of L. Domitius Alexander in 308. Although the revolt only lasted until the end of 309, it drastically cut the size of the grain supply availble for Rome. Maxentius' rule collapsed when he died on 27 October 312 in an engagement he had with the Emperor Constantine at the Milvian Bridge after the latter had invaded his realm.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Lcnius1.jpg
1308b, Licinius I, 308 - 324 A.D. (Siscia)59 viewsLicinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D. Bronze follis, RIC 4, F, Siscia, 3.257g, 21.6mm, 0o, 313 - 315 A.D. Obverse: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; Reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and scepter, eagle with wreath in beak left, E right, SIS in exergue.



De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Licinius (308-324 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Licinius' Heritage

Valerius Licinianus Licinius, more commonly known as Licinius, may have been born ca. 265. Of peasant origin, his family was from Dacia. A close friend and comrade of arms of the Emperor Galerius, he accompanied him on his Persian expedition in 297. When campaigns by Severus and Galerius in late 306 or early 307 and in the summer of 307, respectively, failed to dislodge Maxentius who, with the luke warm support of his father Maximianus Herculius, was acclaimed princeps on 28 October 306, he was sent by the eastern emperor to Maxentius as an ambassador; the diplomatic mission, however, failed because the usurper refused to submit to the authority of his father-in-law Galerius. At the Conference of Carnuntum which was held in October or November of 308, Licinius was made an Augustus on 11 November 308; his realm included Thrace, Illyricum, and Pannonia.

Licinius' Early Reign

Although Licinius was initially appointed by Galerius to replace Severus to end the revolt of Maxentius , Licinius (perhaps wisely) made no effort to move against the usurper. In fact, his first attested victory was against the Sarmatians probably in the late spring, but no later than the end of June in 310. When the Emperor Galerius died in 311, Licinius met Maximinus Daia at the Bosporus during the early summer of that year; they concluded a treaty and divided Galerius' realm between them. It was little more than a year later that the Emperor Constantine defeated Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge on 28 October 312. After the defeat of the usurper, Constantine and Licinius met at Mediolanum (Milan) where Licinius married the former's sister Constantia; one child was born of this union: Valerius Licinianus Licinius. Licinius had another son, born of a slave woman, whose name is unknown. It appears that both emperors promulgated the so-called Edict of Milan, in which Constantine and Licinius granted Christians the freedom to practice their faith without any interference from the state.

As soon as he seems to have learned about the marital alliance between Licinius and Constantine and the death of Maxentius, who had been his ally, Daia traversed Asia Minor and, in April 313, he crossed the Bosporus and went to Byzantium, which he took from Licinius after an eleven day siege. On 30 April 313 the armies of both emperors clashed on the Campus Ergenus; in the ensuing battle Daia's forces were routed. A last ditch stand by Daia at the Cilician Gates failed; the eastern emperor subsequently died in the area of Tarsus probably in July or August 313. As soon as he arrived in Nicomedeia, Licinius promulgated the Edict of Milan. As soon as he had matters in Nicomedeia straightened out, Licinius campaigned against the Persians in the remaining part of 313 and the opening months of 314.

The First Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine

Once Licinius had defeated Maximinus Daia, the sole rulers of the Roman world were he and Constantine. It is obvious that the marriage of Licinius to Constantia was simply a union of convenience. In any case, there is evidence in the sources that both emperors were looking for an excuse to attack the other. The affair involving Bassianus (the husband of Constantius I's daughter Anastasia ), mentioned in the text of Anonymus Valesianus (5.14ff), may have sparked the falling out between the two emperors. In any case, Constantine' s forces joined battle with those of Licinius at Cibalae in Pannonia on 8 October 314. When the battle was over, Constantine prevailed; his victory, however, was Pyrrhic. Both emperors had been involved in exhausting military campaigns in the previous year and the months leading up to Cibalae and each of their realms had expanded so fast that their manpower reserves must have been stretched to the limit. Both men retreated to their own territory to lick their wounds. It may well be that the two emperors made an agreement, which has left no direct trace in the historical record, which would effectively restore the status quo.

Both emperors were variously engaged in different activities between 315 and 316. In addition to campaigning against the Germans while residing in Augusta Treverorum (Trier) in 315, Constantine dealt with aspects of the Donatist controversy; he also traveled to Rome where he celebrated his Decennalia. Licinius, possibly residing at Sirmium, was probably waging war against the Goths. Although not much else is known about Licinius' activities during this period, it is probable that he spent much of his time preparing for his impending war against Constantine; the latter,who spent the spring and summer of 316 in Augusta Treverorum, was probably doing much the same thing. In any case, by December 316, the western emperor was in Sardica with his army. Sometime between 1 December and 28 February 317, both emperors' armies joined battle on the Campus Ardiensis; as was the case in the previous engagement, Constantine' s forces were victorious. On 1 March 317, both sides agreed to a cessation of hostilities; possibly because of the intervention of his wife Constantia, Licinius was able to keep his throne, although he had to agree to the execution of his colleague Valens, who the eastern emperor had appointed as his colleague before the battle, as well as to cede some of his territory to his brother-in-law.

Licinius and the Christians

Although the historical record is not completely clear, Licinius seems to have campaigned against the Sarmatians in 318. He also appears to have been in Byzantium in the summer of 318 and later in June 323. Beyond these few facts, not much else is known about his residences until mid summer of 324. Although he and Constantine had issued the Edict of Milan in early 313, Licinius turned on the Christians in his realm seemingly in 320. The first law that Licinius issued prevented bishops from communicating with each other and from holding synods to discuss matters of interest to them. The second law prohibited men and women from attending services together and young girls from receiving instruction from their bishop or schools. When this law was issued, he also gave orders that Christians could hold services only outside of city walls. Additionally, he deprived officers in the army of their commissions if they did not sacrifice to the gods. Licinius may have been trying to incite Constantine to attack him. In any case, the growing tension between the two rulers is reflected in the consular Fasti of the period.

The Second Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine and Licinius' Death

War actually broke out in 321 when Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging some territory in his realm, across the Danube. When he checked a similar invasion of the Goths, who were devastating Thrace, Licinius complained that Constantine had broken the treaty between them. Having assembled a fleet and army at Thessalonica, Constantine advanced toward Adrianople. Licinius engaged the forces of his brother-in-law near the banks of the Hebrus River on 3 July 324 where he was routed; with as many men as he could gather, he headed for his fleet which was in the Hellespont. Those of his soldiers who were not killed or put to flight, surrendered to the enemy. Licinius fled to Byzantium, where he was besieged by Constantine. Licinius' fleet, under the command of the admiral Abantus, was overcome by bad weather and by Constantine' s fleet which was under the command of his son Crispus. Hard pressed in Byzantium, Licinius abandoned the city to his rival and fled to Chalcedon in Bithynia. Leaving Martinianus, his former magister officiorum and now his co-ruler, to impede Constantine' s progress, Licinius regrouped his forces and engaged his enemy at Chrysopolis where he was again routed on 18 September 324. He fled to Nicomedeia which Constantine began to besiege. On the next day Licinius abdicated and was sent to Thessalonica, where he was kept under house arrest. Both Licinius and his associate were put to death by Constantine. Martinianus may have been put to death before the end of 324, whereas Licinius was not put to death until the spring of 325. Rumors circulated that Licinius had been put to death because he attempted another rebellion against Constantine.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
Licin1AEFolJupiAlex.jpg
1308c, Licinius I, 308-324 A.D. (Alexandria)66 viewsLicinius I, 308-324 A.D. AE Follis, 3.60g, VF, 315 A.D., Alexandria. Obverse: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG - Laureate head right; Reverse: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG - Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on a globe and scepter; exergue: ALE / (wreath) over "B" over "N." Ref: RIC VII, 10 (B = r2) Rare, page 705 - Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, Scotland.


De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Licinius (308-324 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Licinius' Heritage

Valerius Licinianus Licinius, more commonly known as Licinius, may have been born ca. 265. Of peasant origin, his family was from Dacia. A close friend and comrade of arms of the Emperor Galerius, he accompanied him on his Persian expedition in 297. When campaigns by Severus and Galerius in late 306 or early 307 and in the summer of 307, respectively, failed to dislodge Maxentius who, with the luke warm support of his father Maximianus Herculius, was acclaimed princeps on 28 October 306, he was sent by the eastern emperor to Maxentius as an ambassador; the diplomatic mission, however, failed because the usurper refused to submit to the authority of his father-in-law Galerius. At the Conference of Carnuntum which was held in October or November of 308, Licinius was made an Augustus on 11 November 308; his realm included Thrace, Illyricum, and Pannonia.

Licinius' Early Reign

Although Licinius was initially appointed by Galerius to replace Severus to end the revolt of Maxentius , Licinius (perhaps wisely) made no effort to move against the usurper. In fact, his first attested victory was against the Sarmatians probably in the late spring, but no later than the end of June in 310. When the Emperor Galerius died in 311, Licinius met Maximinus Daia at the Bosporus during the early summer of that year; they concluded a treaty and divided Galerius' realm between them. It was little more than a year later that the Emperor Constantine defeated Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge on 28 October 312. After the defeat of the usurper, Constantine and Licinius met at Mediolanum (Milan) where Licinius married the former's sister Constantia; one child was born of this union: Valerius Licinianus Licinius. Licinius had another son, born of a slave woman, whose name is unknown. It appears that both emperors promulgated the so-called Edict of Milan, in which Constantine and Licinius granted Christians the freedom to practice their faith without any interference from the state.

As soon as he seems to have learned about the marital alliance between Licinius and Constantine and the death of Maxentius, who had been his ally, Daia traversed Asia Minor and, in April 313, he crossed the Bosporus and went to Byzantium, which he took from Licinius after an eleven day siege. On 30 April 313 the armies of both emperors clashed on the Campus Ergenus; in the ensuing battle Daia's forces were routed. A last ditch stand by Daia at the Cilician Gates failed; the eastern emperor subsequently died in the area of Tarsus probably in July or August 313. As soon as he arrived in Nicomedeia, Licinius promulgated the Edict of Milan. As soon as he had matters in Nicomedeia straightened out, Licinius campaigned against the Persians in the remaining part of 313 and the opening months of 314.

The First Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine

Once Licinius had defeated Maximinus Daia, the sole rulers of the Roman world were he and Constantine. It is obvious that the marriage of Licinius to Constantia was simply a union of convenience. In any case, there is evidence in the sources that both emperors were looking for an excuse to attack the other. The affair involving Bassianus (the husband of Constantius I's daughter Anastasia ), mentioned in the text of Anonymus Valesianus (5.14ff), may have sparked the falling out between the two emperors. In any case, Constantine' s forces joined battle with those of Licinius at Cibalae in Pannonia on 8 October 314. When the battle was over, Constantine prevailed; his victory, however, was Pyrrhic. Both emperors had been involved in exhausting military campaigns in the previous year and the months leading up to Cibalae and each of their realms had expanded so fast that their manpower reserves must have been stretched to the limit. Both men retreated to their own territory to lick their wounds. It may well be that the two emperors made an agreement, which has left no direct trace in the historical record, which would effectively restore the status quo.

Both emperors were variously engaged in different activities between 315 and 316. In addition to campaigning against the Germans while residing in Augusta Treverorum (Trier) in 315, Constantine dealt with aspects of the Donatist controversy; he also traveled to Rome where he celebrated his Decennalia. Licinius, possibly residing at Sirmium, was probably waging war against the Goths. Although not much else is known about Licinius' activities during this period, it is probable that he spent much of his time preparing for his impending war against Constantine; the latter,who spent the spring and summer of 316 in Augusta Treverorum, was probably doing much the same thing. In any case, by December 316, the western emperor was in Sardica with his army. Sometime between 1 December and 28 February 317, both emperors' armies joined battle on the Campus Ardiensis; as was the case in the previous engagement, Constantine' s forces were victorious. On 1 March 317, both sides agreed to a cessation of hostilities; possibly because of the intervention of his wife Constantia, Licinius was able to keep his throne, although he had to agree to the execution of his colleague Valens, who the eastern emperor had appointed as his colleague before the battle, as well as to cede some of his territory to his brother-in-law.

Licinius and the Christians

Although the historical record is not completely clear, Licinius seems to have campaigned against the Sarmatians in 318. He also appears to have been in Byzantium in the summer of 318 and later in June 323. Beyond these few facts, not much else is known about his residences until mid summer of 324. Although he and Constantine had issued the Edict of Milan in early 313, Licinius turned on the Christians in his realm seemingly in 320. The first law that Licinius issued prevented bishops from communicating with each other and from holding synods to discuss matters of interest to them. The second law prohibited men and women from attending services together and young girls from receiving instruction from their bishop or schools. When this law was issued, he also gave orders that Christians could hold services only outside of city walls. Additionally, he deprived officers in the army of their commissions if they did not sacrifice to the gods. Licinius may have been trying to incite Constantine to attack him. In any case, the growing tension between the two rulers is reflected in the consular Fasti of the period.

The Second Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine and Licinius' Death

War actually broke out in 321 when Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging some territory in his realm, across the Danube. When he checked a similar invasion of the Goths, who were devastating Thrace, Licinius complained that Constantine had broken the treaty between them. Having assembled a fleet and army at Thessalonica, Constantine advanced toward Adrianople. Licinius engaged the forces of his brother-in-law near the banks of the Hebrus River on 3 July 324 where he was routed; with as many men as he could gather, he headed for his fleet which was in the Hellespont. Those of his soldiers who were not killed or put to flight, surrendered to the enemy. Licinius fled to Byzantium, where he was besieged by Constantine. Licinius' fleet, under the command of the admiral Abantus, was overcome by bad weather and by Constantine' s fleet which was under the command of his son Crispus. Hard pressed in Byzantium, Licinius abandoned the city to his rival and fled to Chalcedon in Bithynia. Leaving Martinianus, his former magister officiorum and now his co-ruler, to impede Constantine' s progress, Licinius regrouped his forces and engaged his enemy at Chrysopolis where he was again routed on 18 September 324. He fled to Nicomedeia which Constantine began to besiege. On the next day Licinius abdicated and was sent to Thessalonica, where he was kept under house arrest. Both Licinius and his associate were put to death by Constantine. Martinianus may have been put to death before the end of 324, whereas Licinius was not put to death until the spring of 325. Rumors circulated that Licinius had been put to death because he attempted another rebellion against Constantine.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
RI_141br_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - Follis - RIC VI Trier 677a (corr. Cyzicus)70 viewsObv:– D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate bust right in imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, branch upward in right hand, vertical sceptre in left
Minted in Cyzicus (not Trier) ( S | F / KS //PTR)
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 677a (R) (see notes)
Notes:- This is perhaps one of the most unusual issues in the entire follis series. It is nearly always attributed to Trier (Treveri), but a comparison of portrait styles and an examination of follis hoards reveals that this issue was not struck in Trier but in Cyzicus. Two officinae struck this issue, and the KS in the field between the two figures is actually the mintmark, not the PTR. A look at the coins of Cyzicus (RIC 22-23) shows that the same two officinae struck this issue without the PTR also. The Senior Augustus issues of Diocletian and Maximianus were struck at every mint currently in operation. Apparently, the first coins of this type were prepared at Trier and examples were sent to the various mints for the individual mints to copy. At Cyzicus, the die engravers copied everything, including the Trier mintmark and put their own mintmark in the field. Eventually someone soon realized the mistake and new dies were prepared with the mintmark in its proper location.

Nicely silvered with little / no visible wear.
maridvnvm
RI 141a img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI Alexandria 46a57 viewsObv:– IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped bust facing right
Rev:– CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian and Maximianus standing facing each other, holding between them globe surmounted by Victory
Minted in Alexandria (B in centre field, ALE in exe.)
References:– RIC VI Alexandria 46a (Common)
maridvnvm
GI 146b img.jpg
146 - Maximian, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Nike, Milne 498526 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Nike, advancing right holding wreath and palm. Star in right field.
Minted in Alexandria (L | S).
Reference(s) – Curtis -, BMC -, Milne 4985
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_146dq_img.jpg
146 - Maximianu Herculius - RIC VII Sicia 41 10 viewsAE 1/4 Follis
Obv:– DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, Laureate, veiled head right
Rev:– REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM, Maximianus seated left on a curule chair
Minted in Siscia (//SIS). A.D. 318 – A.D. 319
Reference(s) – RIC VII Sicia 41
maridvnvm
RI_146dp_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - Follis - RIC VI Lugdunum 85 17 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding club over right shoulder and lion's skin in left hand
Rev:– GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera, plain altar beneath.
Minted in Lugdunum (_ | A //PLC). Officina 1. Spring A.D. 300 – A.D. 302
Reference(s) – Bastien 148 (8). RIC VI Lugdunum 85 (Rated S)
maridvnvm
RI_146dl_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - Follis - RIC VI Rome 194b 18 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– CONSERVATO-RES VRB SVAE, Roma seated facing, head left, shield at side, holding globe and sceptre in hexastyle temple with knobs as acroteria
Minted in Rome (//R*S). A.D. 305 to A.D. 306
Reference:– RIC VI Rome 194b (S)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_146dn_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - Half Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 91a10 viewsHalf follis
Obv:– DN MAXIMIANO FELICIS, Laureate and mantled bust right, holding olive-branch and mappa
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, Providentia standing right, extending hand to Quies standing light, holding branch and leaning on scepter
Minted in Alexandria (Delta //ALE). A.D. 308
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 91a
maridvnvm
RI_146do_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II - Bust Type C18 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing right holding thunderbolt and spear,eagle at feet.
Minted in Lugdunum (//A). Emission 7. Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
Reference(s) – Cohen -. Bastien - (0). RIC V Pt. 2 Lugdunum - Bust Type C. This reverse type not noted in RIC or Bastien for Maximianus Herculius. It is noted in RIC and Bastien for Diocletian (RIC quotes as common, Bastien 300 (1), 301 (1) and 302 (3) would appear to counter this rating)
maridvnvm
RI_146cd_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II - Bust Type F11 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PIETAS AVGG, Pietas standing right, holding patera over altar
Minted in Lugdunum (//B). Emission 7, Officina 2. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
Reference(s) – RIC V pt II -. Cohen -. Voetter -. Bastien 390 (3 examples cited). Would be near RIC 410.
1 commentsMartin Griffiths
RI 146ay img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 346 Bust Type F16 viewsObv:– MAXIMIANVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ABVNDANT AVGG, Abundantia, standing right, empting cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (Γ in exe). Emission 12 (Second series, short legends), Officina 3. A.D. 294
References:– Cohen 1. RIC V Part 2 346 Bust Type F (Scarce). Bastien Volume VII 661 (2 examples cited).
maridvnvm
RI 146bn img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 348 Bust Type F12 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– AEQVITAS AVGG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales in right hand and cornucopia in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (B in exe). Emission 7. Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
References:– Cohen 11. RIC V Part 2 348 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 351 (9 examples cited though this example has a reverse legend break not noted in Bastien).
maridvnvm
RI 146ad img~0.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 353 Bust Type F30 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– COMES AVGG, Minerva, standing left, holding spear with left hand on shield
Minted in Lugdunum (C in exe). Emission 8, Officina 3. A.D. 292
References:– RIC V Part 2 353 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 448
maridvnvm
RI 146ap img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 358 Bust Type F27 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FELICIT PVBL, Felicitas standing left, legs grossed, holding caduceus and leaning against column
Minted in Lugdunum (B in exe.). Emission 7, Officina 2. Spring A.D. 290 to A.D. 291
References:– Cohen 95. RIC V Part 2 358 Bust Type F.
maridvnvm
RI 146m img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 365 Bust Type F26 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG, Hercules standing left holding Victory on globe in right and club and lion skin in left
Minted in Lugdunum (S in left field). Emission 5, Officina 2. Autumn A.D. 277 – Autumn A.D. 279
References:– RIC V Part 2 365 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 178.
maridvnvm
RI 146at img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 370 var26 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Rev:– HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG, Hercules standing facing, head left, lion-skin over left arm and leaning on club, Victory on globe in right hand
Minted in Lugdunum (S in left field). Emission 5, Officina 2. Autumn A.D. 277 – Autumn A.D. 279
References:– Cohen -. RIC V Part 2 370 var (not listed with this bust type in RIC). Bastien Volume VII 188 (3 3examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146bq img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 371 Bust Type C16 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIFERO, Hercules standing left holding branch & club, lion skin over arm.
Minted in Lugdunum (B in left field, SML in exe). Emission 4. Officina 2. start to Summer A.D. 287
References:– Cohen 282. RIC V Part 2 371 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 116 (25 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146bt img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 371 Bust Type C 11 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIFERO, Hercules standing left holding branch & club, lion skin over arm.
Minted in Lugdunum (Δ in left field). Emission 3. Officina 4. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
References:– Cohen 282. RIC V Part 2 371 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 95 (20 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI_146dm_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 371 Bust Type C7 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIFERO, Hercules standing left holding branch & club, lion skin over arm.
Minted in Lugdunum (B in left field, SML in exe). Emission 4. Officina 2. start to Summer A.D. 287
References:– Cohen 282. RIC V Part 2 371 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 116 (25 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146bp img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 372 var Bust Type C 7 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIFERO, Hercules standing left holding branch & club, lion skin over arm.
Minted in Lugdunum (Γ in left field). Emission 3. Officina 3. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
References:– Cohen 280. RIC V Part 2 372 Bust Type C (Not listed with Γ in left field in RIC). Bastien Volume VII 94 (16 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146bm img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 384 Bust Type F17 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding victory in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand, at foot eagle
Minted in Lugdunum (//A). Emission 7. Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
Reference:– Cohen 313. RIC V Pt. 2 384 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII - 331 (9 examples cited).
maridvnvm
RI 146bf img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 386 Bust Type F9 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter seated left, holding victory on globe in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (//A). Emission 8. Officina 1. A.D. 292
Reference:– Cohen 323. RIC V Pt. 2 386 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 440 (25 examples cited).
maridvnvm
RI 146ca img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 386 Bust Type F6 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter seated left, holding victory on globe in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (//C). Emission 8. Officina 3. A.D. 292
Reference:– Cohen 323. RIC V Pt. 2 386 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 451 (4 examples cited).
maridvnvm
RI 146br img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 388 Bust Type C17 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left hand.
Minted in Lugdunum (Retrograde C in left field). Emission 2. Officina 3. Spring to Summer A.D. 286
Reference:– Cohen 362. RIC V Pt. 2 Lugdunum 388 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 64 (6 examples cited).
maridvnvm
RI 146bo img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 388 var Bust Type C9 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left hand.
Minted in Lugdunum (C in left field). Emission 2. Officina 3. Spring to Summer A.D. 286
Reference:– Cohen 362. RIC V Pt. 2 Lugdunum 388 var Bust Type C (Not listed with C in left field in RIC). Bastien Volume VII 60 (9 examples cited).
maridvnvm
RI 146av img a.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 390 Bust Type C (front)19 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear
Rev:– IOVI TVTATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory and scepter, eagle at feet
Minted in Lugdunum (//P). Emission 5, Officina 1. Autumn A.D. 287- Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien Volume VII - (unlisted with this bust type in Bastien). RIC V Pt. 2 390
maridvnvm
RI 146au img a.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 390 Bust Type C (rear)17 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear
Rev:– IOVI TVTATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory and scepter, eagle at feet
Minted in Lugdunum (//P). Emission 5, Officina 1. Autumn A.D. 287- Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien Volume VII 154 (2 examples cited). RIC V Pt. 2 390
maridvnvm
RI 146bc img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 395 Bust Type F12 viewsObv:– MAXIMIANVS • P• F • AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AETERN, Pax walking left holding olive-branch and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe.). Emission 12 (Second series, short legends), Officina 3. A.D. 294
References:– RIC V Part 2 395 Bust Type F (Scarce). Bastien Volume VII 609 (2 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146ae img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 396 Bust Type F22 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG, Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (S in exe.). Emission 6, Officina 2. Autumn A.D. 289 – Early A.D. 290
References:– RIC V Part 2 396 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 277
maridvnvm
RI 146by img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 396 Bust Type F13 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG, Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (S in exe.). Emission 6, Officina 2. Autumn A.D. 289 – Early A.D. 290
References:– RIC V Part 2 396 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 277
maridvnvm
RI 146ba img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 398 Bust Type C14 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (B in exe.). Emission 7, Officina 2. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
References:– RIC V Part 2 398 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 373 (6 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146bs img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 398 Bust Type F19 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (C in exe.). Emission 7, Officina 3. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
References:– RIC V Part 2 398 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII - (Not listed in Bastien from this officina)
maridvnvm
RI 146ar img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 398 Bust Type F20 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (B in exe.). Emission 7, Officina 2. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
References:– RIC V Part 2 398 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 374 (15 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146ai img~0.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 39923 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle
Rev:– PAX AVGG Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (B in exe.). Emission 7, Officina 2. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
References:– RIC V Part 2 399 (S). Bastien Volume VII 385 (7 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146p img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 399 Bust Type C27 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (B in exe.). Emission 7, Officina 2. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
References:– RIC V Part 2 399 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 379
maridvnvm
RI 146i img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 399 Bust Type F66 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (B in exe.). Emission 7, Officina 2. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
References:– RIC V Part 2 399 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 380
maridvnvm
RI 146x img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 399 Bust Type F14 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (S in exe.). Emission 6, Officina 2. Autumn A.D. 289 – Early A.D. 290
References:– RIC V Part 2 399 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 285
maridvnvm
RI 146w img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 399 Bust Type H21 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– PAX AVGG Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (B in exe.). Emission 7, Officina 2. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
References:– RIC V Part 2 399 Bust Type H (S). Bastien Volume VII 387
maridvnvm
RI_146dt_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 399 Bust Type H12 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– PAX AVGG Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (B in exe.). Emission 7, Officina 2. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
References:– RIC V Part 2 399 Bust Type H (S). Bastien Volume VII 387
maridvnvm
RI 146aw img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 40420 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, helmeted cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG, Minerva standing left, olive branch upward in right hand, spear in left and resting left hand on shield
Minted in Lugdunum (C in left field, Thunderbolt in exe). Emission 10, Officina 3. 1st March A.D. 293 – 20th November A.D. 293
Reference:– Cohen 427. RIC V Pt. 2 404. Bastien Volume VII 496 (9 examples cited)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 146ax img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 407 Bust Type F13 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG, Pax standing left, olive branch upward in right hand, transverse scepter in left
Minted in Lugdunum (//B). Emission 12, Officina 2. A.D. 294
Reference:– Cohen -. RIC V Pt. 2 407 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 597 (3 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI_146ce_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 408 Bust Type F16 viewsObv:– MAXIMIANVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG, Pax standing left, olive branch upward in right hand, scepter in left
Minted in Lugdunum (//A). Emission 12, Officina A. A.D. 294
Reference:– Cohen -. RIC V Pt. 2 408 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 613 (5 examples cited)

Very large flan.
Martin Griffiths
RI_146cz_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 408 Bust Type F4 viewsObv:– MAXIMIANVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG, Pax standing left, olive branch upward in right hand, scepter in left
Minted in Lugdunum (//A). Emission 12, Officina A. A.D. 294
Reference:– Cohen -. RIC V Pt. 2 408 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 613 (5 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI_146bg_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 408 Bust Type F14 viewsObv:– MAXIMIANVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG, Pax standing left, olive branch upward in right hand, scepter in left
Minted in Lugdunum (//A). Emission 12, Officina A. A.D. 294
Reference:– Cohen -. RIC V Pt. 2 408 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 613 (5 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146s img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 422 Bust Type C16 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SALVS AVGG, Salus standing right, feeding snake from patera
Minted in Lugdunum (C in exe.). Emission 7, Officina 3. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
References:– RIC V Part 2 422 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 409
maridvnvm
RI 146bb img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 422 Bust Type F11 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SALVS AVGG, Salus standing right, feeding snake from patera
Minted in Lugdunum (C in exe.). Emission 7, Officina 3. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
References:– RIC V Part 2 422 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 410 (62 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146z img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 422 Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding globe38 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding globe
Rev:– SALVS AVGG, Salus standing right, feeding snake from patera
Minted in Lugdunum (C in exe.). Emission 7, Officina 3. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
References:– RIC V Part 2 422 Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding globe (R). Bastien Volume VII 415

Rare bust. Almost completely silvered. Nicely detailed reverse especially on platter.
maridvnvm
RI 146as img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 422 var Bust Type F22 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SALVS AVGG, Salus standing right, feeding snake from patera
Minted in Lugdunum (Retrograde C in exe.). Emission 7, Officina 3. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
References:– RIC V Part 2 422 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 429 (2 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146bd img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 422 var Bust Type H10 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding eagle tipped sceptre
Rev:– SALVS AVGG, Salus standing right, feeding snake from patera
Minted in Lugdunum (T in exe.). Emission 6, Officina 3. Autumn A.D. 289 to Early A.D. 290
References:– RIC V Part 2 422 Bust Type H. Bastien Volume VII 297 (8 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI_146cc_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 422 var Bust Type H18 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding eagle tipped sceptre
Rev:– SALVS AVGG, Salus standing right, feeding snake from patera
Minted in Lugdunum (C in exe.). Emission 7, Officina 3. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
References:– RIC V Part 2 422 Bust Type H. Bastien Volume VII 416 (22 examples cited)
Martin Griffiths
RI 146aq img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 428 Bust Type F8 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SECVRIT PERP, Securitas standing right, leaning on column with hand raised to head
Minted in Lugdunum (// P). Emission 6, Officina 1. Autumn A.D. 289 – start A.D. 290
Reference(s) – RIC V Pt. 2 428 Bust Type F. Cohen 531. Bastien VII 264 (5 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI_146de_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 43213 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding scepter, clasping hand of Hercules standing left holding club and lion’s skin
Minted in Lugdunum (//C). Emission 2, Officina 3. Spring to Summer A.D. 286
Reference:– Cohen 604. Bastien VII 62 (12). RIC V Pt. 2 432
maridvnvm
RI 146be img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 432 Bust Type C13 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding scepter, clasping hand of Hercules standing left holding club and lion’s skin
Minted in Lugdunum (D in centre field). Emission 2, Officina 4. Spring – Summer A.D. 286
References:– Cohen 604. RIC V Part 2 432 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 71 (26 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI_146dv_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 437 Bust Type C8 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules, standing right, leaning on club, with lion’s skin on rock.
Minted in Lugdunum (Retrograde C|_). Emission 5. Officina 4. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen 565 Bastien 65 (2 examples cited). RIC V Pt. 2 Lugdunum 437

Weight 3.93g. 22.64mm. 180 degrees
maridvnvm
RI 146ab img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 437 corr. Bust Type C25 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club and lions skin on rock
Minted in Lugdunum (D in left field). Emission 2, Officina 4. Spring – Summer A.D. 286
References:– RIC V Part 2 437 corr. Bust Type C (RIC notes as D in centre field in error). Bastien Volume VII 67
maridvnvm
RI 146bl img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 437 corr. Bust Type C12 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club and lions skin on rock
Minted in Lugdunum (D in left field). Emission 2, Officina 4. Spring – Summer A.D. 286
References:– RIC V Part 2 437 corr. Bust Type C (RIC notes as D in centre field in error). Bastien Volume VII 67
maridvnvm
RI 146ao img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 441 Bust Type F20 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules, standing right, leaning on club, with lion’s skin on rock
Minted in Lugdunum (// C). Emission 8, Officina 3. A.D. 292
Reference(s) – RIC V Pt. 2 441 Bust Type F. Cohen 567. Bastien XI 456
maridvnvm
RI 146al img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 446 var Bust Type F22 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Soldier standing left holding olive-branch and spear, beside him shield
Minted in Lugdunum (//C). Emission 7, Officina 3. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
Reference:– RIC V Pt 2 Lugdunum 446. Cohen 557. Bastien XI 423 (3 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146aj img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 447 Bust Type H12 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Soldier standing left holding olive-branch and spear, beside him shield
Minted in Lugdunum (//III). Emission 11, Officina 3. November to End A.D. 293
Reference:– RIC V Pt 2 Lugdunum 447 Bust Type H. Cohen 556. Bastien VII 581 (7 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI_146dd_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 454 Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right13 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club thrown behind him
Minted in Lugdunum (-). Emission 5. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
Reference(s) – Bastien XI 215. RIC V Pt 2 Lugdunum 454 (S)
maridvnvm
RI 146bz img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 458 Bust Type C11 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club thrown behind him
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks). Emission 5. Officina 3. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen -. RIC V Pt. 2 458 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 216 (5 examples cited).
maridvnvm
RI 146az img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 458 Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right47 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club thrown behind him
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks). Emission 5. Officina 3. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen 647. Bastien Volume VII 218. RIC V Pt. 2 458 (S)
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 146bk img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 460 Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left21 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club thrown behind him, being crowned by Victory flying right
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks). Emission 5. Officina 3. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 Lugdunum 460. Bastien 231 (1 example cited)

Fully silvered with very little sign of wear. A very pleasing example in hand. If only I could improve my photography to show how nice the silvering is
maridvnvm
RI 146ac img~0.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 462 Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right23 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club thrown behind him, being crowned by Victory flying right
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks). Emission 5. Officina 3. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
References:– RIC V Part 2 462 Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right (S) . Bastien Volume VII 233
maridvnvm
RI 146am img~0.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 466 Bust Type H19 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– VOTIS X, Emperors standing face to face sacrificing at altar
Minted in Lugdunum (no marks). Emission 10. 3rd Series. 1st March A.D. 293 – 20th November A.D. 293
References:– RIC V Part 2 466 Bust Type H (S). Bastien 528 (2 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146k img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 506 Bust Type C34 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter
Minted in Rome (XXIZ in exe.) A.D. 285-286
References:– RIC V Part II 506 Bust Type C. Cohen 355
maridvnvm
RI 146bj img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 506 Bust Type C 24 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter
Minted in Rome (XXIA in exe.) A.D. 285-286
References:– RIC V Part II 506 Bust Type C. Cohen 355

A flat strike to the centres but otherwise a very nice coin. Virtually fully silvered.
maridvnvm
RI_146bi_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 506 Bust Type C24 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CONCORDIA AVGG, Two Concordiae holding hands, one holding cornuciopia.
Minted in Lugdunum (//II). Emission 11, Officina 2. 20th November to end A.D. 293
Reference:– Bastien VII 542 (7 examples cited). RIC V Pt. 2 355 Bust Type F
maridvnvm
RI_146dw_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 506 Bust Type C10 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter, standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
Minted in Rome (//XXIE). A.D. 285-286
Reference(s) – RIC V Pt. 2 506 Bust Type C (C)

3.67 gms, 23.47mm. 180 degrees.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_146du_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 515 Bust Type F7 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules walking right, trophy over left shoulder, lion's skin draped over left arm, holding club in right hand
Minted in Rome (//XXIS).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 515 Bust Type F.
maridvnvm
RI 146a img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 55944 viewsObv:– IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and spear
Minted in Ticinum (TXXIT in exe.)
References:– RIC V Part II 559
maridvnvm
RI 146j img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 559 15 viewsObv:– IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and spear
Minted in Ticinum (PXXIT in exe.)
References:– RIC V Part II 559
maridvnvm
RI_146dx_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 561a Bust Type C12 viewsObv:- IMP C M VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:- IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing facing, looking right, holding sceptre in right hand and a thunderbolt in left
Minted in Ticinum; B | _ //XXIT.
Reference:- RIC VI-2, 561a
maridvnvm
RI 146d img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 59552 viewsObv:– IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CONCORDIA MILITVM, Maximianus standing right, holding sceptre and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre
Mint in Heraclea (Γ in centre field, .XXI. in exe.) from A.D. 292 - 295
References:– RIC V Part II 595
maridvnvm
RI 146bx img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC VI London 1738 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera
Minted in London (No Marks). Spring A.D. 307
Reference:– RIC VI London 17.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 146ah img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC VI London 23a21 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae
Minted in London (No marks), From A.D. 300
References:– RIC VI London 23a
maridvnvm
RI 146aa img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC VI London 6b28 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae
Minted in London (No marks), From A.D. 300
References:– RIC VI London 6b

Lots of residial silvering remaining.
maridvnvm
RI 146bw img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC VI Lugdunum 043 var (B | _ //PL)23 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera
Minted in Lugdunum (B | _ //PL). A.D. 296
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum - (RIC 43 var officina not listed in RIC). Bastien XI 63 ii (2)
maridvnvm
RI 146r img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC VI Lugdunum 092b32 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera, plain altar beneath
Minted in Lugdunum (B in right field, PLC in exe.), A.D. 301 – 303
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 92b. Bastien XI 339 (3 examples)
maridvnvm
RI_146af_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC VI Lugdunum 108b (_|A)17 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera, plain altar beneath
Minted in Lugdunum (A in right field, PLC in exe.), A.D. 301 – 303
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 108b . Bastien Volume XI 322
maridvnvm
RI 146q img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC VI Lugdunum 108b (_|B)25 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera, plain altar beneath
Minted in Lugdunum (B in right field, PLC in exe.), A.D. 301 – 303
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 108b . Bastien Volume XI 342
maridvnvm
RI 146bv img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC VI Lugdunum 20313 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera, plain altar beneath
Minted in Lugdunum (_ | N //PLC). Spring A.D. 307
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 203. Bastien XI 392 (15 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146ag img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC VI Lugdunum 234 (Senior Augustus)15 viewsObv:– DN MAXIMIANO P F S AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing left, modius on head, loins draped, right hand holding patera, left hand holding cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (N in right field, PLG in exe). November to December A.D. 307
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 234 (S) Bastien Volume XI 427 (5 examples)
maridvnvm
RI 146u img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC VI Lugdunum 253 (Senior Augustus)21 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing left, modius on head, loins draped, right hand holding patera, left hand holding cornucopiae, altar to left
Minted in Lugdunum (// PLC). Autumn A.D. 307 to Summer A.D. 308
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 253 (S) Bastien Volume X1 468
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RI 146bu img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC VI Lugdunum 288 (Senior Augustus) 8 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing left, modius on head, loins draped, right hand holding patera, left hand holding cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (CI in left field, H over S in right field, PLC in exe).
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 288
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RI_146df_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC VI Lugdunum 288 (Senior Augustus)24 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing left, modius on head, loins draped, right hand holding patera, left hand holding cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (CI in left field, H over S in right field, PLC in exe).
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 288
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 146f img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC VI Serdica 3b34 viewsObv:– IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate bust facing right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae
Minted in Serdica (Δ in right field, •SM•SD• in exe.), A.D. 303 – 305
References:– RIC VI Serdica 3b

Nearly fully silvered.
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RI 146g img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC VI Trier 16589 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Laureate bust facing right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae
Minted in Trier (A in left field, Γ in right field, TR in exe.) A.D. 296 - 297
References:– RIC VI Trier 165 (Rare)

Nearly fully silvered
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_146cn_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Antoninianus - RIC V 369 var20 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG, Hercules standing facing, head left, lion-skin over left arm and leaning on club, Victory on globe in right hand
Minted in Lugdunum (S | _). Emission 5, Officina 1. Autumn A.D. 287- Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien XI 181 (1 example cited). RIC V Pt. 2 369 var (Not listed with this bust type in RIC).
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_146dg_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Antoninianus - RIC V 369 var26 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG, Hercules standing facing, head left, lion-skin over left arm and leaning on club, Victory on globe in right hand
Minted in Lugdunum (S | _). Emission 5, Officina 1. Autumn A.D. 287- Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien XI 181 (1 example cited). RIC V Pt. 2 369 var (Not listed with this bust type in RIC).
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_146di_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Antoninianus - RIC V 388 var39 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left hand.
Minted in Lugdunum (C|_). Emission 2. Officina 3. Spring to Summer A.D. 286
Reference:– Cohen 362. Bastien 60 (9 examples cited). RIC V Pt. 2 Lugdunum 388 Bust Type C var (C) (Not listed with C in left field in RIC)
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RI_146cj_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Antoninianus - RIC V 58018 viewsObv:- IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:- CONSERVATOR AVGG, Emperor & Hercules sacrificing at altar
Minted in Ticinum. -/-/XXIΓ•ΛI
Reference:- RIC 580

Part of the coded HP - KOY - LI series
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RI_146co_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Antoninianus - RIC V Pt 2, 384a12 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter seated left, holding victory on globe in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (//A). Emission 7, Officina 1. Sping A.D. 290 - 291
Reference:– Cohen 319. Bastien XI 332 (7). Voetter p. 57. RIC V Pt. 2 384a (Rated R)

IOVI coins are more usually made for Diocletian with Maximian favouring Hercules. A scarcer military bust type. Virtually fully silvered.
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RI_146dj_img~0.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Antoninianus - RIC V Pt. 2 -. 23 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, helmeted cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG, Minerva standing left, olive branch upward in right hand, spear in left and resting left hand on shield
Minted in Lugdunum (//A). Emission 10, second series, Officina 1. 1st March A.D. 293 – 20th November A.D. 293
Reference(s) – Cohen 427. Bastien XI 503 (15). RIC V Pt. 2 -.
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RI_146dk_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 34b 14 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C MA MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in Alexandria (S | E / P //ALE). A.D. 305 to A.D. 306
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 34b
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RI_146dg_img~0.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 54 21 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI CONS CAES, Jupiter standing left, holding Victoriola in right hand, leaning on sceptre in left, chlamys over left shoulder
Minted in Alexandria (S | D/P //ALE). A.D. 305 to A.D. 306
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 54 (S)
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RI_146cl_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Follis - RIC VI Cyzicus 23b 35 viewsObv:– D N MAXIMIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate bust right in imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, branch upward in right hand, vertical sceptre in left
Minted in Cyzicus (S | F // KD). A.D. 305-306
Reference:- RIC VI Cyzicus 23b (Scarce)

Nice condition and nearly fully silvered.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_146dj_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Follis - RIC VI London 17b21 viewsObv:- IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:- GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in London, A.D. 298-300
Reference:- RIC VI London 17b
28mm, 8.3 grams
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_146cg_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Follis - RIC VI Lugdunum 108b16 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera, plain altar beneath
Minted in Lugdunum (_ | B / PLC). A.D. 289
Reference:– Bastien XI 342 ii (61). RIC VI Lugdunum 108b Bust type B

Weight 9.67g. 28.65mm.
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RI_146ch_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Follis - RIC VI Lugdunum 23713 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera.
Minted in Lugdunum (_ | N / PLC). A.D. 307 - 310
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 237 (Scarce)
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RI_146ci_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Half Follis - RIC VII Rome 11015 viewsObv:– DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, veiled and laureate head right
Rev:– MEMORIAE AETERNAE, eagle standing right, looking left, wings spread
Minted in Rome (// RT). A.D. 317-318
Reference:– RIC VII Rome110 (R3)

Divo Maximianus half follis issued by Constantine I A.D. 317-318
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RI_146dr_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - RIC VI Antioch 112c34 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO IMP-ERATORIS, Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in Antioch (_ | Theta / E //ANT Dot). Early to Later A.D. 309
Reference:– RIC VI Antioch 112c (R) (Citing Oxford; Apparently a rare issue for Maximianus Herculius and only issued from this officina)
 
6.39 gms. 26.19 mm. 0 degrees. Better than the RIC plate coin (reverse only illustrated).
 
From RIC Notes "A very remarkable innovation, peculiar to this issue, is the reappearance of Herculius (with the long legend Imp C M Aur Val Maximianus P F Aug matching those of Galerius and Licinus, and with cuirassed bust) on rare coins with Genio Imperatoris; this is parallelled at the same time (see RIC VI page 656). Expelled from Italy c. April 308, and rejected at the Carnuntum conference in November 308, Herculius had received ample share in the coinage of Constantine's mints, and it seems that Maximinus (now antagonisitc to both Galerius and Licinius) may have been momentarily willing to demontsrate his hostility by including the name of the man who might still play and anti-Galerian part in the west."
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_146ak_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - RIC VI Lugdunum 014b12 viewsAE Follis
Obv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate, bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera
Minted in Lugdunum (None). c. A.D. 296
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 14b. Bastien XI Annex AN3
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RI_146ds_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - RIC VI Ticinum 57b 16 viewsFollis
Obv:– D N MAXIMIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate bust right in imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, branch upward in right hand, vertical sceptre in left
Minted in Ticinum (_ | Dot // TT). A.D. 305-306
Reference:- RIC VI Ticinum 57b (C). Cohen 489

10.64 gms. 27.80 mm. 0 degrees.
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RI_146db_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius, Antoninianus - RIC 371 Bust Type C 12 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIFERO, Hercules standing left holding branch & club, lion skin over arm
Minted in Lugdunum (D | _). Emission 3, Officina 4. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
Reference(s) – Cohen 282. Bastien XI 95 (20). RIC V Pt. 2 371 Bust Type C (C)
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RI_146cr_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius, Antoninianus - RIC 40215 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, draped bust left (seen from rear), holding shield and spear
Rev:– PAX AVGG, Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (//S). Emission 6, Officina 2. Autumn A.D. 289 to start A.D. 290
Reference:– Cohen 455. Bastien 281 (2 all from same obverse die). RIC 402.

Looking through Bastien this bust would only appear to come from a single die for Maximianus Herculius with just two examples cited so it would appear to be quite scarce.
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RI_146cq_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius, Antoninianus - RIC 42214 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding globe in right hand
Rev:– SALVS AVGG, Salus standing right, feeding snake from patera
Minted in Lugdunum (//C). Emission 7, Officina 3. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291 (Bastien)
Reference:– Cohen 523. Bastien 415 (10 example cited). RIC 422 Radiate bust left in imperial mantle and globe (Scarce)
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RI_146ct_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius, Antoninianus - RIC 60713 viewsObv:– IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (from rear)
Rev:– CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor standing facing right holding parazonium receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter facing left holding sceptre
Minted in Cyzicus (E //XXI).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 607
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RI_146cs_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius, Antoninianus - RIC 62217 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (A //XXI dot). A.D. 285-295
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 622
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RI_146cv_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius, Antoninianus - RIC 62314 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre, presenting Victory on globe to Emperor, who is standing right, holding sceptre
Minted in Antioch (Z //XXI).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 623
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RI_146cu_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius, Antoninianus - RIC V pt II Cyzicus 607 Bust Type C13 viewsObv:– IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (from rear)
Rev:– CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor standing facing right holding parazonium receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter facing left holding sceptre
Minted in Cyzicus (S //XXI).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 607
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RI_146cw_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius, Antoninianus - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 39917 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX A-VGG, Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (//B). Emission 7, Officina 2. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
References:– Cohen 443. Bastien 381 (7 examples cited). RIC 399

A scarcer military bust.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_146da_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius, Antoninianus - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 4479 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Soldier standing left holding olive-branch and spear, beside him shield
Minted in Lugdunum (//C). Emission 7, Officina 3. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
Reference:– Cohen 555. Bastien XI 424 (8 examples cited). RIC V Pt 2 Lugdunum 447 (C)
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RI_146dc_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius, Antoninianus - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 466 Bust Type H 10 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– VOTIS X, Emperors standing face to face sacrificing at altar
Minted in Lugdunum (-). Emission 10. 3rd Series. 1st March A.D. 293 – 20th November A.D. 293
Reference:– Cohen 671. Bastien XI 528 (2 examples cited). RIC V Pt 2 Lugdunum 466 Bust Type H (S)
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RI_146cy_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius, Follis - RIC VI Lugdunum 253 18 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera.
Minted in Lugdunum (// PLC). A.D. 307 - 310
Reference:– Bastien XI 468 . RIC VI Lugdunum 253 (Scarce)
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RI_146cx_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius, Follis - RIC VI Trier 721 16 viewsObv:– D N MAXIMIANO P F S AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO PO ROM, Genius standing left, holding patera in right hand, cornucopia in left
Minted in Trier (S-A//PTR). A.D. 307
References:– RIC VI Trier 721
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_148s_img.jpg
148 - Galerius (as Augustus) - Follis - RIC VI Ticinum 55b16 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate lead right
Rev:– FIDES MILITVS, Fides seated left, holding standard in each hand
Minted in Ticinum (_ | . // ST). 1st May A.D. 305 - 25th July A.D. 306
Reference:- RIC VI Ticiunum 55b
A pleasing blue-black patina.

Ex-CNG
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_148v_img~0.jpg
148 - Galerius - AE Follis - RIC VI - Lugdunum 167b 12 viewsObv:– MAXIMIANVS NOB C, Laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding scepter over right shoulder
Rev:– GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera over altar
Minted in Lugdunum (_ | A / PLC). A.D. 301 - 303
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 167b
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RI_148w_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - AE Follis - RIC VI - Siscia 98b 10 viewsObv:– MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera
Minted in Siscia (_ | B / *SIS). A.D. 296
Reference:– RIC VI Siscia 98b
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GI_148a_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - Alexandria, Eirene13 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– GAL MAXIMIANOC K, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Eirene, standing left, holding olive branch and sceptre..
Minted in Alexandria (L| B). A.D. 293
Reference(s) – Curtis -, BMC -, Milne 5106. Emmett 4219 (Year 2) Rated R5
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RI_148t_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - Antoninianus - RIC V Pt 2, 692 Bust Type C20 viewsObv:– MAXIMIANVS NOB C, Radiate, draped and cuiarassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus standing left, resting right hand on shield and holding spear
Minted in Lugdunum (// B). 12th issue, second series with short titles. A.D. 294
Reference:- Cohen 211. Bastien 657 (11 examples cited). RIC V Pt. 2 692 Bust Type C
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GI_148b_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - Billon Tetradrachm - Milne 524013 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– MAXIMIANOC K, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Eagle, standing left, head right, holding wreath in beak, Palm in left field..
Minted in Alexandria (L| D). A.D. 295
Reference(s) – Milne 5240
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RI_148y_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 101a20 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right (divergent wreath ties)
Rev:– GENIO IMPERATORIS, Genius standing left holding patera over lighted altar
Minted in Alexandria (K | G / P // ALE). A.D. 310-311
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 101a
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RI_148z_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 43 19 viewsFollis
Obv:– GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI CONS CAES, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe in right hand, sceptre in left
Minted in Alexandria (S | B / P // ALE). A.D. 304-305
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 43
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RI_148aa_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 8221 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right (divergent ties)
Rev:– VIRTVS EXERCITVS, Mars advancing right, in military dress, holding transverse spear, shield and trophy.
Minted in Alexandria (X | S / K // ALE). A.D. 308-310
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 82
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_148x_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - Follis - RIC VI Antioch 148a 15 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO IMPERATORIS, Genius standing left holding patera over lighted altar
Minted in Antioch (Creascent | B / ANT). A.D. 310-311
Reference:– RIC VI Antioch 148a

Flan flaw on bust.
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RI_148ah_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC V Pt 2 6796 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter seated left, holding victory on globe in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (//I). Emission 11, Officina 3. November to End A.D. 293
Reference(s) – Cohen 115. Bastien -. Bastien Suppl I -. Bastien Suppl II 537 Alpha (2 examples cited). RIC 679 Bust Type C (C)

Rated common in RIC but only 2 examples cited in Bastien Supplement II.

3.96 gms, 23.38 mm. 0 degrees
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RI 148n img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC V pt II 678 Bust Type C24 viewsObv:– GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CONCORDIA AVGG, Two concordia holding hands, each holding cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (Club in exe.). Emission 10, Officina 2. 1st March to 20th November A.D. 293
References:– RIC V Part 2 678 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 494
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RI 148m img~0.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC V pt II 678 Bust Type C36 viewsObv:– GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CONCORDIA AVGG, Two concordia holding hands, each holding cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (B in exe.). Emission 10, Officina 2. 1st March to 20th November A.D. 293
References:– RIC V Part 2 678 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 512
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RI_148ae_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC V pt II 678 Bust Type C6 viewsObv:– GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CONCORDIA AVGG, Two concordia holding hands, each holding cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (B in exe.). Emission 10, Officina 2. 1st March to 20th November A.D. 293
References:– RIC V Part 2 678 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 512

Weight 3.81g. 22.64mm. 180 degrees
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RI_148ab_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Alexandria 015b12 viewsFollis
Obv:– GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right (parallel ties)
Rev:– GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI, Genius standing left holding patera
Minted in Alexandria (_ | B // ALE). A.D. 294
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 15b
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RI_148af_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Alexandria 107a16 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right (parallel wreath ties (round ends))
Rev:– GENIO IMPERATORIS, Genius standing left holding patera over lighted altar
Minted in Alexandria (K | B / P // ALE). A.D. 310-311
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 107a (C)

Weight 7.55g. 26.06mm. 0 degrees
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 148f img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Alexandria 7549 viewsAE Follis
Obverse Legend – IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right
Reverse Legend – VIRTVS EX-ERCITVS, Mars, advancing right in military dress, right hand holding spear, left hand holding shield and arms over shoulder
Minted in Alexandria (P in left field, Γ over R in right field, ALE in exe.). Mid A.D. 308
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 75 (Scarce)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_148ac_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Antioch 055b12 viewsFollis
Obv:– GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left holding patera
Minted in Antioch (K | E / V // ANT). A.D. 300-301
Reference:– RIC VI Antioch 55b

Weight 10.44g. 27.01mm. 0 degrees
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_148ag_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Antioch 11616 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– VIRTVS EX-ERCITVS, Virtus walking right, holding transverse spear in right hand, trophy over left shoulder
Minted in Antioch (_ | O / D // ANT.). A.D. 309
Reference:– RIC VI Antioch 116

7.05 gms, 23.64 mm. 0 degrees
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RI 148l img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Carthage 39a19 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART, Carthage standing facing, head left, in long robe, holding fruits in both hands
Minted in Carthage (I | _ / B). July A.D. 1st May A.D. 305 to 25th July A.D. 306
Ref:– RIC VI Carthage 39a
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RI 148e img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Cyzicus 05929 viewsObverse Legend – GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right
Reverse Legend – VIRTVTI E-X-ERCITVS, Mars, advancing right in military dress, right hand holding spear, left hand holding shield and arms over shoulder
Minted in Cyzicus (A | * / MKV). A.D. 309-310
References:– RIC VI Cyzicus 59 (Scarce)
maridvnvm
RI 148b img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Heraclea 37a85 viewsObv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO IMPERATORIS, Genius standing left
Minted in Heraclea mint (.HTA.) Group IV between A.D. 308-309
References:– RIC Heraclea 37a (Common)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_148ai_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI London 50 9 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P F IN AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera
Minted in London (_). Group II - i. May A.D. 305 - Late A.D. 306 or into Early A.D. 307
Reference(s) – Cohen ?. RIC VI London 50 (R, citing Voetter with a footnote stating that confirmation is needed). LMCC (page 126) 4.03.012

Same die pair as LMCC plate coin and BM example (BM B.54, 9.98g, 6h. ex De Salis 1860)

9.77 gms. 29.01 mm diameter. 180 degree die orientation.
maridvnvm
RI_148k_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Lugdunum 017b14 viewsObv:– G VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C, Laureate, bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks).
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 17b (Scarce) (RIC has O/L as C VAL in error). Bastien XI Annex AN9
maridvnvm
RI 148g img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Lugdunum 161b26 viewsObv:– MAXIMIANVS NOB CS, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, loins draped, right hand holding patera, left hand holding cornucopiae, altar to left
Minted in Lugdunum (A in right field, PLC in exe). A.D. 301 - 303
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 161b (Rare)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 146n img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Lugdunum 164b34 viewsObv:– MAXIMIANVS NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera, plain altar beneath
Minted in Lugdunum (B in right field, PLC in exe.), A.D. 301 – 303
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 164b
maridvnvm
RI 148q img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Lugdunum 164b 13 viewsObv:– MAXIMIANVS NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera, plain altar beneath
Minted in Lugdunum (A in right field, PLC in exe.), A.D. 301 – 303
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 164b
maridvnvm
RI_148u_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Lugdunum 164b11 viewsObv:– MAXIMIANVS NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera, plain altar beneath
Minted in Lugdunum (A in right field, PLC in exe.), A.D. 301 – 303
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 164b

Uneven strike. Patchy silvering.
maridvnvm
RI 148p img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Lugdunum 167b21 viewsObv:– MAXIMIANVS NOB C, Laureate, cuirassed bust left holding sceptre in right hand
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera, plain altar beneath
Minted in Lugdunum (A in right field, PLC in exe.), A.D. 301 – 303
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 167b
maridvnvm
RI 148p genius.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Lugdunum 167b reverse enlargement 12 viewsObv:– MAXIMIANVS NOB C, Laureate, cuirassed bust left holding sceptre in right hand
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera, plain altar beneath
Minted in Lugdunum (A in right field, PLC in exe.), A.D. 301 – 303
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 167b
maridvnvm
RI 148o img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Rome 67b var23 viewsObv:– MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae
Minted in Rome (R | _ / Retrograde Z). Circa A.D. 296 to A.D. 297
Reference:– RIC VI Rome 67b var (Listed in RIC with Z in exe (Scarce) but not listed with retrograde Z in RIC)
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RI 146t img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Trier 226b32 viewsObv:– MAXIMIANVS NOB C, Laureat, cuirassed bust left holding spear and decorated shield
Rev:– GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera
Minted in Trier (A in left field, Γ in right field, TR in exe.) A.D. 296 - 297
References:– RIC VI Trier 226b (R2)
maridvnvm
RI 148i img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Trier 595b52 viewsObv:– MAXIMIANVS NOBIL C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae
Minted in Trier (S | F / PTR). Circa A.D. 303 to 1st May A.D. 305
Reference:– RIC VI Treveri 595b
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_148v_img.jpg
148 - Galerius, Antoninianus - RIC V pt II Antioch 719 Bust Type C31 viewsObv:– GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS CAES, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (G // XXI Dot). A.D. 293 - 295
Reference:- RIC V Pt. 719 Bust Type C.
maridvnvm
GI_146c_img.jpg
148 - Manimianus Herculius - Alexandria, Athena - Unpublished17 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– MAXIMIANOC CEB, Laureate bust right
Rev:– None, Athena, seated left, holding Victory and spear..
Minted in Alexandria (L I| A; star above). A.D. 296
Reference(s) – Curtis -, BMC -, Milne -. Emmett - (not noted with star). Dattari - (cf. Dattari 5847 has date L--IA; star right)
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IMG_4355~0.jpg
152. Maximianus Herculius (285-310 A.D.)21 viewsAv.: IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Rv.: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Left: star
Ex.: ST dot

AE Follis Ø28 / 10.5g
RIC VI 33b Ticinum
Juancho
IMG_8084.JPG
152. Maximianus Herculius (285-310 A.D.)26 viewsAv.: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG
Rv.: CONCORDIA MILITVM
Centre: epsilon
Ex.: XXI dot

AE Radiatus Ø22 / 3.9g
RIC V-2 607 Cyzicus
Juancho
IMG_5194.JPG
158. Theodora (Daughter of Maximianus, 2nd wife of Constantius I)28 viewsAv.: FL MAX THEODORAE AVG
Rv.: PIETAS ROMANA
Ex.: TRP palmbranch

AE Follis Ø15 / 1.5g
RIC VIII 91 Trier
Juancho
IMG_4350~0.jpg
159. Galerius (293-311 A.D.)21 viewsAv.: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Rv.: GENIO IMPERATORIS
Left: K / Right: digamma over P (6. Officine)
Ex.:ALE

AE Follis Ø25 / 6.4g
RIC VI 101a Alexandria
Juancho
commodus RIC9.jpg
177-192 AD - COMMODUS AR denarius - struck 180 AD43 viewsobv: M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG (laureate cuirassed bust right)
rev: TR P V IMP III COS II P P (trophy of arms with two captives - a man and a woman sitting in german shields)
ref: : RIC 9, RSC 791 (8frcs), BMC 9
3.03gms, 18mm
Scarce

History: Under the command of Marcus Valerius Maximianus, the Romans fought and prevailed against the Quadi in a decisive battle at Laugaricio near (modern Trencín, Slovakia). The movie Gladiator (2000) start with a fictional account of a final battle of the Marcomannic Wars.
berserker
DiocletianAntConcordMil.jpg
1ds Diocletian13 views284-305

AE antoninianus

Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust, right, IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Zeus and Diocletian, CONCORDIA MILITVM

RIC 284B

According to the Historia Augusta, after the death of Numerian: Then a huge assembly was held and a tribunal, too, was constructed. And when the question was asked who would be the most lawful avenger of Numerian and who could be given to the commonwealth as a good emperor, then all, with a heaven-sent unanimity, conferred the title of Augustus on Diocletian. . . . He was at this time in command of the household-troops, an outstanding man and wise, devoted to the commonwealth, devoted to his kindred, duly prepared to face whatever the occasion demanded, forming plans that were always deep though sometimes over-bold, and one who could by prudence and exceeding firmness hold in check the impulses of a restless spirit. This man, then, having ascended the tribunal was hailed as Augustus, and when someone asked how Numerian had been slain, he drew his sword and pointing to Aper, the prefect of the guard, he drove it through him, saying as he did so, "It is he who contrived Numerian's death.''

Eutropius summarized a long and important reign: DIOCLETIAN, a native of Dalmatia, [was] of such extremely obscure birth, that he is said by most writers to have been the son of a clerk, but by some to have been a freedman of a senator named Anulinus. . . . He soon after overthrew Carinus, who was living under the utmost hatred and detestation, in a great battle at Margum, Carinus being betrayed by his own troops, for though he had a greater number of men than the enemy, he was altogether abandoned by them between Viminacium and mount Aureus. He thus became master of the Roman empire; and when the peasants in Gaul made an insurrection, giving their faction the name of Bagaudae, and having for leaders Amandus and Aelianus, he despatched Maximian Herculius, with the authority of Caesar, to suppress them. Maximian, in a few battles of little importance, subdued the rustic multitude, and restored peace to Gaul. . . .

Diocletian promoted MAXIMIAN HERCULIUS from the dignity of Caesar to that of emperor, and created Constantius and Maximian Galerius Caesars, of whom Constantius is said to have been the grand-nephew of Claudius by a daughter, and Maximian Galerius to have been born in Dacia not far from Sardica. That he might also unite them by affinity, Constantius married Theodora the step-daughter of Herculius, by whom he had afterwards six children, brothers to Constantine; while Galerius married Valeria, the daughter of Diocletian; both being obliged to divorce the wives that they had before. . . .

Diocletian, meanwhile, besieging Achilleus in Alexandria, obliged him to surrender about eight months after, and put him to death. He used his victory, indeed, cruelly, and distressed all Egypt with severe proscriptions and massacres. Yet at the same time he made many judicious arrangements and regulations, which continue to our own days. . . .

Diocletian was of a crafty disposition, with much sagacity, and keen penetration. He was willing to gratify his own disposition to cruelty in such a way as to throw the odium upon others; he was however a very active and able prince. He was the first that introduced into the Roman empire a ceremony suited rather to royal usages than to Roman liberty, giving orders that he should be adored, whereas all emperors before him were only saluted. He put ornaments of precious stones on his dress and shoes, when the imperial distinction had previously been only in the purple robe, the rest of the habit being the same as that of other men. . . .

But when Diocletian, as age bore heavily upon him, felt himself unable to sustain the government of the empire, he suggested to Herculius that they should both retire into private life, and commit the duty of upholding the state to more vigorous and youthful hands. With this suggestion his colleague reluctantly complied. Both of them, in the same day, exchanged the robe of empire for an ordinary dress, Diocletian at Nicomedia, Herculius at Milan, soon after a magnificent triumph which they celebrated at Rome over several nations, with a noble succession of pictures, and in which the wives, sisters, and children of Narseus were led before their chariots. The one then retired to Salonae, and the other into Lucania.

Diocletian lived to an old age in a private station, at a villa which is not far from Salonae, in honourable retirement, exercising extraordinary philosophy, inasmuch as he alone of all men, since the foundation of the Roman empire, voluntarily returned from so high a dignity to the condition of private life, and to an equality with the other citizens. That happened to him, therefore, which had happened to no one since men were created, that, though he died in a private condition, he was enrolled among the gods.
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CaurausiusComesAnt.jpg
1ds2 Carausius19 views287-293

AE Antoninianus

Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right, IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG
COMES AVG, Victory standing left holding wreath & palm. ML in ex

RIC 15

Eutropius recorded: During this period, Carausius, who, though of very mean birth, had gained extraordinary reputation by a course of active service in war, having received a commission in his post at Bononia, to clear the sea, which the Franks and Saxons infested, along the coast of Belgica and Armorica, and having captured numbers of the barbarians on several occasions, but having never given back the entire booty to the people of the province or sent it to the emperors, and there being a suspicion, in consequence, that the barbarians were intentionally allowed by him to congregate there, that he might seize them and their booty as they passed, and by that means enrich himself, assumed, on being sentenced by Maximian to be put to death, the imperial purple, and took on him the government of Britain. . . .

With Carausius, however, as hostilities were found vain against a man eminently skilled in war, a peace was at last arranged. At the end of seven years, Allectus, one of his supporters, put him to death, and held Britain himself for three years subsequently, but was cut off by the efforts of Asclepiodotus, praefect of the praetorian guard.
Blindado
MaximianusFollisGenio.jpg
1dt Maximianus22 views286-305, 306-308, 310

Quarter Follis

Laureate head, right, IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Genius standing left, with modius on head, cornucopia & patera, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, SIS in exergue

RIC 146

Eutropius records: [Diocletian] thus became master of the Roman empire; and when the peasants in Gaul made an insurrection, giving their faction the name of Bagaudae, and having for leaders Amandus and Aelianus, he despatched Maximian Herculius, with the authority of Caesar, to suppress them. Maximian, in a few battles of little importance, subdued the rustic multitude, and restored peace to Gaul. . . . While disorder thus prevailed throughout the world, while Carausius was taking arms in Britain and Achilleus in Egypt, while the Quinquegentiani were harassing Africa, and Narseus was making war upon the east, Diocletian promoted MAXIMIAN HERCULIUS from the dignity of Caesar to that "of emperor, and created Constantius and Maximian Galerius Caesars. . . .

Maximian the emperor, brought the war to an end in Africa, by subduing the Quinquegentiani, and compelling them to make peace. . . .

Herculius was undisguisedly cruel, and of a violent temper, and showed his severity of disposition in the sternness of his looks. Gratifying his own inclination, he joined with Diocletian in even the most cruel of his proceedings. But when Diocletian, as age bore heavily upon him, felt himself unable to sustain the government of the empire, he suggested to Herculius that they should both retire into private life, and commit the duty of upholding the state to more vigorous and youthful hands. With this suggestion his colleague reluctantly complied. Both of them, in the same day, exchanged the robe of empire for an ordinary dress, Diocletian at Nicomedia, Herculius at Milan, soon after a magnificent triumph which they celebrated at Rome over several nations, with a noble succession of pictures, and in which the wives, sisters, and children of Narseus were led before their chariots. The one then retired to Salonae, and the other into Lucania.

But after the death of Constantius, CONSTANTINE, his son by a wife of obscure birth, was made emperor in Britain, and succeeded his father as a most desirable ruler. In the meantime the praetorian guards at Rome, having risen in insurrection, declared MAXENTIUS, the son of Maximian Herculius, who lived in the Villa Publica not far from the city, emperor. At the news of this proceeding, Maximian, filled with hopes of regaining the imperial dignity, which he had not willingly resigned, hurried to Rome from Lucania. . . , and stimulated Diocletian by letters to resume the authority that he had laid down, letters which Diocletian utterly disregarded. Severus Caesar, being despatched to Rome by Galerius to suppress the rising of the guards and Maxentius, arrived there with his army, but, as he was laying siege to the city, was deserted through the treachery of his soldiers.

The power of Maxentius was thus increased, and his government established. Severus, taking to flight, was killed at Ravenna. Maximian Herculius, attempting afterwards, in an assembly of the army, to divest his son Maxentius of his power, met with nothing but mutiny and reproaches from the soldiery. He then set out for Gaul, on a planned stratagem, as if he had been driven away by his son, that he might join his son-in-law Constantine, designing, however, if he could find an opportunity, to cut off Constantine, who was ruling in Gaul with great approbation both of the soldiers and the people of the province, having overthrown the Franks and Alemanni with great slaughter, and captured their kings, whom, on exhibiting a magnificent show of games, he exposed to wild beasts. But the plot being made known by Maximian's daughter Fausta, who communicated the design to her husband, Maximian was cut off at Marseilles, whence he was preparing to sail to join his son, and died a well-deserved death. . . .
Blindado
ConstantiusChlorusFollisGenio.jpg
1du Constantius I17 views305-306

Quarter Follis

Laureate head, right, IMP CONSTANTIVS P F AVG
Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae. Mintmark: SIS, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI

Also known as Constantius Chlorus.

RIC 167

After being names Caesar, according to Eutropius: A battle was fought by Constantius Caesar in Gaul, at Lingonae, where he experienced both good and had fortune in one day; for though he was driven into the city by a sudden onset of the barbarians, with such haste and precipitation that after the gates were shut he was drawn up the wall by ropes, yet, when his army came up, after the lapse of scarcely six hours, he cut to pieces about sixty thousand of the Alemanni. . . .

CONSTANTIUS and GALERIUS were made emperors; and the Roman world was divided between them in such a manner, that Constantius had Gaul, Italy, and Africa; Galerius Illyricum, Asia, and the East; two Caesars being joined with them. [Zosimus adds: Three years after Dioclesian died, and the reigning emperors, Constantius and Maximianus Gallerius declared Severus and Maximinus (who was nephew to Gallerius), the Caesars, giving all Italy to Severus, and the eastern provinces to Maximinus.] Constantius, however, content with the dignity of emperor, declined the care of governing Africa. He was an excellent man, of extreme benevolence, who studied to increase the resources of the provinces and of private persons, cared but little for the improvement of the public treasury, and used to say that "it was better for the national wealth to be in the hands of individuals than to be laid up in one place of confinement." So moderate was the furniture of his house, too, that if, on holidays, he had to entertain a greater number of friends than ordinary, his dining-rooms were set out with the plate of private persons, borrowed from their several houses. By the Gauls1 he was not only beloved but venerated, especially because, under his government, they had escaped the suspicious prudence of Diocletian, and the sanguinary rashness of Maximian. He died in Britain, at York, in the thirteenth year of his reign, and was enrolled among the gods.
Blindado
GaleriusFollisGenio.jpg
1dv Galerius21 views305-311

Quarter Follis

Laureate head, right, MAXIMIANVS AVG
Genius standing left, modius on head, holding cornucopia & patera, SIS in ex., GENIO POPVLI ROMANI

RIC 169b

Eutropius tells us: Diocletian promoted MAXIMIAN HERCULIUS from the dignity of Caesar to that of emperor, and created Constantius and Maximian Galerius Caesars, of whom Constantius is said to have been the grand-nephew of Claudius by a daughter, and Maximian Galerius to have been born in Dacia not far from Sardica. . . . Galerius married Valeria, the daughter of Diocletian. . . .

Galerius Maximian, in acting against Narseus, fought, on the first occasion, a battle far from successful, meeting him between Callinicus and Carrae, and engaging in the combat rather with rashness than want of courage; for he contended with a small army against a very numerous enemy. Being in consequence defeated, and going to join Diocletian, he was received by him, when he met him on the road, with such extreme haughtiness, that he is said to have run by his chariot for several miles in his scarlet robes.

But having soon after collected forces in Illyricum and Moesia, he fought a second time with Narseus (the grandfather of Hormisdas and Sapor), in Greater Armenia, with extraordinary success, and with no less caution and spirit, for he undertook, with one or two of the cavalry, the office of a speculator. After putting Narseus to flight, he captured his wives, sisters, and children, with a vast number of the Persian nobility besides, and a great quantity of treasure; the king himself he forced to take refuge in the remotest deserts in his dominions. Returning therefore in triumph to Diocletian, who was then encamped with some troops in Mesopotamia, he was welcomed by him with great honour. Subsequently, they conducted several wars both in conjunction and separately, subduing the Carpi and Bastarnae, and defeating the Sarmatians, from which nations he settled a great number of captives in the Roman territories. . . .

Galerius, a man of excellent moral character, and skilful in military affairs, finding that Italy, by Constantius's permission, was put under his government, created two Caesars, MAXIMIN, whom he appointed over the east, and SEVERUS, to whom he committed Italy. He himself resided in Illyricum.
Blindado
SeverusIIFollisGenio.jpg
1dx Severus II14 views306-307

Quarter Follis

Laureate head, right, FL VAL SEVERVS NOB C
Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae. Mintmark SIS, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI.

RIC 170a

According to Eutropius: Galerius, a man of excellent moral character, and skilful in military affairs, finding that Italy, by Constantius's permission, was put under his government, created two Caesars, MAXIMIN, whom he appointed over the east, and SEVERUS, to whom he committed Italy. He himself resided in Illyricum. But after the death of Constantius, CONSTANTINE, his son by a wife of obscure birth, was made emperor in Britain, and succeeded his father as a most desirable ruler. In the meantime the praetorian guards at Rome, having risen in insurrection, declared MAXENTIUS, the son of Maximian Herculius, who lived in the Villa Publica not far from the city, emperor. . . . Severus Caesar, being despatched to Rome by Galerius to suppress the rising of the guards and Maxentius, arrived there with his army, but, as he was laying siege to the city, was deserted through the treachery of his soldiers. . . .
The power of Maxentius was thus increased, and his government established. Severus, taking to flight, was killed at Ravenna.
Blindado
MaximinusIIFollisGenio.jpg
1dy Maximinus II22 views309-313

Quarter Follis

Laureate head, right, MAXIMINVS NOB C
Genius standing left, naked except for modius on head & chlamys over shoulder, holding patera & cornucopiae, SIS in ex, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI.

RIC 170b

According to Eutropius: Galerius, a man of excellent moral character, and skilful in military affairs, finding that Italy, by Constantius's permission, was put under his government, created two Caesars, MAXIMIN, whom he appointed over the east, and SEVERUS, to whom he committed Italy. He himself resided in Illyricum. . . . LICINIUS, a native of Dacia, was made emperor by Galerius, to whom he was known by old companionship, and recommended by his vigorous efforts and services in the war which he had conducted against Narseus. The death of Galerius followed immediately afterwards. The empire was then held by the four new emperors, Constantine and Maxentius, sons of emperors, Licinius and Maximian, sons of undistinguished men. Constantine, however, in the fifth year of his reign, commenced a civil war with Maxentius, routed his forces in several battles, and at last overthrew Maxentius himself (when he was spreading death among the nobility by every possible kind of cruelty,4) at the Milvian bridge, and made himself master of Italy. Not long after, too, Maximin, after commencing hostilities against Licinius in the east, anticipated the destruction that was falling upon him by an accidental death at Tarsus.
Blindado
MaxentiusFollisRoma.jpg
1dz Maxentius22 views306-312

Follis

Laureate head, right, MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Roma in temple, CONSERVATORES VRB SVAE

RIC 194a

Eutropius reports: But after the death of Constantius, CONSTANTINE, his son by a wife of obscure birth, was made emperor in Britain, and succeeded his father as a most desirable ruler. In the meantime the praetorian guards at Rome, having risen in insurrection, declared MAXENTIUS, the son of Maximian Herculius, who lived in the Villa Publica not far from the city, emperor. At the news of this proceeding, Maximian, filled with hopes of regaining the imperial dignity, which he had not willingly resigned, hurried to Rome from Lucania. . . , and stimulated Diocletian by letters to resume the authority that he had laid down, letters which Diocletian utterly disregarded. Severus Caesar, being despatched to Rome by Galerius to suppress the rising of the guards and Maxentius, arrived there with his army, but, as he was laying siege to the city, was deserted through the treachery of his soldiers.

The power of Maxentius was thus increased, and his government established. Severus, taking to flight, was killed at Ravenna. Maximian Herculius, attempting afterwards, in an assembly of the army, to divest his son Maxentius of his power, met with nothing but mutiny and reproaches from the soldiery. . . .

At this time LICINIUS, a native of Dacia, was made emperor by Galerius, to whom he was known by old companionship, and recommended by his vigorous efforts and services in the war which he had conducted against Narseus. The death of Galerius followed immediately afterwards. The empire was then held by the four new emperors, Constantine and Maxentius, sons of emperors, Licinius and Maximian, sons of undistinguished men. Constantine, however, in the fifth year of his reign, commenced a civil war with Maxentius, routed his forces in several battles, and at last overthrew Maxentius himself (when he was spreading death among the nobility by every possible kind of cruelty,) at the Milvian bridge, and made himself master of Italy.
Blindado
FaustaAE3Fausta.jpg
1ed Fausta12 viewsAE 3

Draped bust with pearl necklace, right, FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG
Fausta Constantine II and Constantius II, FAVSTAE NOBILISSIMAE FEMINAE, mintmark: ΓSIS wreath

RIC 197

Zonaras records: When he had succeeded to his father’s realm, [Constantine] ruled Britain and the Alps, and in addition Gaul, still leaning toward the religion of the Hellenes and opposing the Christians, enticed by his wife Fausta toward ardor in the worship of the idols. Fausta was the daughter of Maximianus. . . . From Fausta, the daughter of Maximianus, the sovereign produced three sons—Constantine, Constantius, and Constans—and a daughter Helen, who later married Julian. . . . Fausta, being erotically obsessed with [her stepson Crispus], since she did not find him compliant, denounced him to his father as being in love with her and as having often attempted to use force against her. Hence, Crispus was condemned to death by his father, who had been persuaded by his spouse. When the emperor later realized the truth, he chastened his wife both because of her unchasteness and on account of the murder of his son. For after she had been led into an exceedingly hot bath, there she violently ended her life.
Blindado
DelmatiusAE3GlorEx.jpg
1eg Delmatius21 viewsCaesar 335-337

AE3, Thessalonica

Laureate, cuirassed bust, right, FL DELMATIVS NOB C two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them, O on banner, GLORIA EXERCITVS. Mintmark: SMTSD.

RIC 202D

Zosimus recorded: After Constantine had oppressed and tormented the people in these various modes, he died of a disease, and was succeeded by his three sons, who were not born of Fausta the daughter of Maximianus Herculius, but of another woman, whom he had put to death for adultery. They devoted themselves more to the pleasures of youth than to the service of the state. They began by dividing the nations between them. Constantine the eldest, and Constans the youngest, having for their share all beyond the Alps, together with Italy and Illyricum, the countries bordering on the Euxine sea and all that belonged to Carthage in Africa; Constantius obtained all Asia, the east, and Egypt. There were likewise others who shared in the government; Dalmatius, whom Constantine made Caesar, Constantius his brother, and Hanniballianus, who had all worn robes of purple embroidered with gold, and were promoted to the order of Nobilissimates by Constantine, from respect to their being of his own family. . . . The empire being thus divided, Constantius who appeared to take pains not to fall short of his father in impiety, began by shedding the blood of his nearest relations. He first caused Constantius, his father's brother, to be murdered by the soldiers ; next to whom he treated Dalmatius in the same manner, as also Optatus whom Constantine had raised to the rank of a Nobilissimate.

A great-nephew of Constantine the Great.
Blindado
09-Maximianus-Ant-622.jpg
21 Maximian: Antioch antoninianus.15 viewsAntoninianus, 386 - 395 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG / Radiate bust of Maximian.
Reverse: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG / Jupiter and Hercules standing face to face, Jupiter holding globe and sceptre; Hercules holding Victory, club, and lion's skin. Crescent and E between them; XXI in exergue.
3.26 gm., 20.5 mm.
RIC #622; Sear #13134.
Callimachus
22029~0.jpg
22029 Maximianus Herculeus/Concordia11 viewsMaximianus Herculeus/Concordia
Obv: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG
Radiate bust right, draped.
Rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM
Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Maximianus.
Epsilon in Lower Centre
XXI in Exergue
Mint:Cyzicus 20.6mm 4.6g
RIC V-2 607
Blayne W
22109.jpg
2210914 viewsMaximianus/Concordia
Obv: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS PF AVG,
radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIA MI-LITVM,
Emperor standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left and holding sceptre.
K delta in lower centre.
Mint: Cyzicus 19mm 3.83g
RIC VI Cyzicus 16B.
Ex Frascatius
1 commentsBlayne W
11-Maximianus-Lon-6b.jpg
23 Maximian: London follis.12 viewsFollis, ca 298-300 AD, London mint (group II).
Obverse: IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG / Laureate and curiassed bust of Maximian.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Mint mark: (none)
9.63 gm., 27 mm.
RIC #6b; Sear unlisted.
Callimachus
maximianus RIC-V-545.jpg
285-305 AD - MAXIMIANUS AE antoninian 23 viewsobv: IMP.C.M.A.VAL.MAXIMIANVS.AVG (radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right)
rev: HERCVLI.CONSERVAT / T / XXIT (Hercules standing right, nude, holding club with lionskin on rock pile to right)
ref: RIC545, C.238
mint: Ticinum, 285-288 AD
3.43gms, 22mm
berserker
maximianus RIC-V-585.jpg
285-305 AD - MAXIMIANUS AE antoninianus27 viewsobv: IMP.C.M.A.VAL.MAXIMIANVS.PF.AVG (radiate head right)
rev: VICTORIA.AVGG / Γ / XXI (Maximian, facing left, holding scepter, receiving Victory on globe from Diocletian, facing right)
ref: RIC585, C.545
mint: Siscia, struck 291 AD
4.48gms, 22mm
Rare
berserker
maximianus_RIC404v.jpg
285-305 AD - MAXIMIANUS AE antoninianus54 viewsobv: IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG (radiate, helmeted cuirassed bust right)
rev: PAX AVGG (Minerva standing left, olive branch upward in right hand, spear in left and resting left hand on shield), star on left field, A in ex.
ref: RIC Vii 404v, Cohen 427 (3frcs)
mint: Lugdunum, struck AD 292-293
3.61 gms, 22 mm
Rare
1 commentsberserker
maximianus_RIC561.jpg
285-305 AD - MAXIMIANUS AE antoninianus20 viewsobv: IMP C M VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG (radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right)
rev: IOVI CONSERVAT (Jupiter standing left, head turned to right, holding thunderbolt & spear between two standards; eagle at feet left), TXXIT in ex.
ref: RIV Vii 561, RSC 338
mint: Ticinum, struck 290 AD
3.17gms, 22mm

Jupiter the Protector.
berserker
maximianus tdrachm-.jpg
285-305 AD - MAXIMIANUS Potin Tetradrachm 38 viewsobv: A K M OVA MAXIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
rev: L- G, Nike advancing right holding palm & wreath
ref: Milne ?
mint: Antiochia, struck 288-298 AD
7.53gms, 19mm
berserker
maximianus RIC-V-622.jpg
285-305 AD - MAXIMIANUS silvered AE antoninianus16 viewsobv: IMP.C.M.AVR.VAL.MAXIMIANVS.PF.AVG (radiate cuirassed bust right)
rev: IOVI.ET.HERCVLI.CONSER.AVGG / Δ / XXI (Jupiter standing right holding scepter & orb facing Hercules standing left holding Victory & club)
ref: RIC622, C.311
mint: Antiochia, struck 285-295 AD
4.87gms, 22mm
berserker
rjb_max1_08_06.jpg
28617 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AR antoninianus
Ticinum Mint
IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Radiate, cuirassed bust right
CONSERVATOR AVGG
Emperor & Hercules sacrificing at altar
-/-/XXIΓ•ΛI
RIC 580
mauseus
rjb_max2_08_06.jpg
28614 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AR antoninianus
Siscia Mint
IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS AVGVSTORVM
Hercules stg right holding bow, lion scalp and club
-/-/XXIB
RIC 591
mauseus
rjb_max3_08_06.jpg
28624 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AE antoninianus
Lugdunum Mint
IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG
Radiate, cuirassed bust left holding spear & shield
IOVI AVGG
Jupiter stg left holding victory on globe & staff, eagle to left
-/-/A
RIC 384a; Bastien 334
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_max4_08_06.jpg
28618 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AE antoninianus
Lugdunum Mint
IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG
Radiate, consular bust left
PAX AVGG
Pax stg left holding victoriola and transverse sceptre
-/-/B
RIC 399
mauseus
rjb_max5_08_06.jpg
28620 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AE antoninianus
Lugdunum Mint
IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG
Radiate, consular bust left holding eagle tipped sceptre
PAX AVGG
Pax stg left holding victoriola and transverse sceptre
-/-/B
RIC 399
mauseus
rjb_max6_08_06.jpg
28619 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AE antoninianus
Lugdunum Mint
IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Radiate, helmeted & cuirassed bust right
VIRTVTI AVGG
Hercules stg right wrestling lion, club at feet
-/-/-
RIC 454
mauseus
rjb_den_01_07.jpg
28633 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AE denarius
Ticinum Mint
MAXIMIANVS AVG
Laureate bust right
VTILITAS PVBLICA
Utilitas standing facing, head left
-/-//T
RIC (VI) Ticinum 27b
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_fol2_01_09.jpg
28615 viewsMaximian 286-305 AD
AE Follis
Obv: IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust left
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left, altar to left
-/A//PLC
Lugdunum Mint
RIC (VI) Lyon 113b
mauseus
rjb_2009_12_08.jpg
28616 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AE antoninianus
Lugdunum Mint
IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG
Radiate, cuirassed bust right
PAX AVGG
Pax stg left holding victoriola and transverse sceptre
-/-/C
RIC 399
mauseus
rjb_2009_12_09.jpg
28623 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AE antoninianus
Lugdunum Mint
IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS AVGG
Hercules standing tight leaning on lion clad club
C/-/-
RIC 437
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_2009_12_10.jpg
28612 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AE antoninianus
Antioch Mint
IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Radiate, ccuirassed bust right
IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG
Hercules stg left holding victoriola to Jupiter stg right holding vertical sceptre and globe
RIC 622
mauseus
rjb_2009_12_11.jpg
28618 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AE antoninianus
Rome Mint
IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
IOVI FVLGERATORI
Jupiter standing left, eagle at feet to left
-/-/XXIΓ
RIC 510
mauseus
rjb_2009_12_13.jpg
28613 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
Billon tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Elpis walking left
mauseus
rjb_2009_12_12.jpg
28610 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
Billon tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Eirene standing left holding transverse sceptre
mauseus
rjb_2009_12_15.jpg
2869 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
Billon tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Tyche standing left
mauseus
rjb_2009_12_14.png
28613 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
Billon tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Eagle standing left, head right
mauseus
rjb_2009_12_16.jpg
28615 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
Billon tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Nike walking right
mauseus
rjb_2012_11_36.jpg
28633 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AE denarius
Uncertain Mint
MAXIMIANVS AVG CONS III
Laureate consular bust left holding eagle tipped sceptre
HERCVLI CONSERVATORI
Hercules standing right leaning on club after completing his labours
-/-//-
RIC (V) -
mauseus
MaxVICyz15b.jpg
286-305 AD, 306-308 AD - Maximianus - RIC VI Cyzicus 15b - CONCORDIA MILITVM50 viewsEmperor: Maximianus (r. 286-305, 306-308 AD)
Date: ca. 295-299 AD
Condition: VF
Denomination: Light Radiate Fraction

Obverse: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Imperator Consul Marcus Aurelius Maximianus Dutiful and Wise Emperor
Bust right; radiate and cuirassed

Reverse: CONCORDIA MI-LITVM
Unity of the Army.
Prince standing right in military dress receiving small Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, left leaning on sceptre.
"KE" in center field (Cyzicus mint, fifth officina)

RIC VI Cyzicus 15b; VM 45
2.31g; 21.6mm; 195°
Pep
galerius RIC-V-719.jpg
293-305 AD - GALERIUS Caesar AE antoninianus17 viewsobv: GAL.VAL.MAXIMIANVS.NOB.CAES (radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right)
rev: IOVI.ET.HERCVLI.CONS.CAES / Γ / XXI (Jupiter standing right, holding long sceptre and globe, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion's skin)
ref: RIC Vi 719, Cohen 127
mint: Antiochia, struck 293-295 AD
3.43gms, 22mm
berserker
rjb_fol8_01_09.jpg
30516 viewsGalerius 305-311 AD
AE Follis
Obv: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Laureate bust right
Rev: GENIO IMPERATORIS
Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopia
K/A over P//ALE
Alexandria Mint
RIC (VI) Alexandria 101a
mauseus
rjb_fol7_01_09.jpg
30514 viewsGalerius 305-311 AD
AE Follis
Obv: IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Laureate bust right
Rev: FIDES MILITVM
Fides seated left holding two standards
-/-//PT
Ticinum Mint
RIC (VI) Ticinum 59b
mauseus
12-Maximianus-Cyz-12b.jpg
35 Maximian: Cyzicus follis.25 viewsFollis, 297 - 299 AD, Cyzicus mint.
Obverse: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Maximian.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, chlamys over left shoulder, pouring liquid from patera, and holding cornucopiae.
Mint mark: K Δ
8.46 gm., 28.5 mm.
RIC #12b; Sear #13269.
1 commentsCallimachus
13-Maximianus-Tre-673b.jpg
38 Maximian: Treveri abdication follis.28 viewsFollis, 305-306 AD, Treveri mint.
Obverse: DN MAXIMIANO BAEATISSIMO SEN AVG / Laureate bust of Maximian, wearing the imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left hand.
Reverse: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG / Providentia standing, extending hand to Quies, also standing, holding branch and leaning on sceptre. S F in fields.
Mint mark: PTR
12.62 gm., 27 mm.
RIC #673b; Sear #13394.
Callimachus
14-Maximianus-Tre-721.jpg
39 Maximian: Treveri 2nd reign follis.17 viewsFollis, summer 307 AD, Treveri mint.
Obverse: DN MAXIMIANO P F S AVG / Laureate bust of Maximian.
Reverse: GENIO POP ROM / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae. S A in fields.
Mint mark: PTR
8.14 gm., 27 mm.
RIC #721; Sear #13446; PBCC #188.
Callimachus
coin200.JPG
402. Maximianus53 viewsMarcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. 250 - July, 310), known in English as Maximian, was Roman Emperor (together with Diocletian) from March 1, 286 to 305.

Born to a poor family near Sirmium (city in Pannonia), Maximian made a career in the army until 285, when the new emperor Diocletian, a friend of his, made him caesar (sub-emperor) and the ruler of the western part of the empire. The next year Maximian became augustus next to Diocletian, and in 293, when Diocletian introduced the Tetrarchy, Constantius Chlorus became Maximian's caesar and married Maximian's daughter Flavia Maximiana Theodora.

During his reign, Maximianus had several military successes, against the Alemanni and Burgundians in northern Germany, against the Carpi on the Danube frontier and against Carausius, who had rebelled in Britain and declared himself emperor there. He also strengthened the frontier defenses in Africa.

On May 1, 305, Diocletian and Maximian retired together; it is clear that this was not a voluntary act of Maximian's, but that he was forced to do so by Diocletian. Galerius and Constantius Chlorus became the new emperors; Flavius Valerius Severus and Maximinus Daia became their caesars. When Constantius died the next year, Maximian's son Maxentius took the western emperorship, and named Maximian to be his augustus. Maximian resolved the conflicts around this emperorship by defeating Severus and Galerius in battle and bringing Constantius' son Constantine on his side by having Constantine marry his daughter Fausta.

However, in 308 Maximian rebelled against his own son, and marched upon Rome, but was beaten and forced to find refuge with Constantine in Gaul. In 310 he declared himself emperor for the third time, but was unable to defend himself against Constantine, who forced him to commit suicide.

For his own and his colleagues' victories, Maximian received the titles Germanicus Maximus V, Sarmaticus Maximus III, Armeniacus Maximus, Medicus Maximus, Adiabenicus Maximus, Persicus Maximus II, Carpicus Maximus, Britannicus Maximus.

Maximianus 286-305, Reform Follis - Siscia Mint
9.16g
Obv: Bust of Maximianus right "IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG"
Rev: Moneta standing left holding a scale and cornucopiae "SACRA MONET AVGG E CAESS NOSTR" "SIS" in the exergue.
RIC 134b
ecoli
coin264.JPG
403. Carausius37 viewsMarcus Aurelius Mausaeus Carausius (d. 293) was a Roman usurper in Britain and northern Gaul (286–293, Carausian Revolt).

Carausius was a man of humble origin, a Menapian from Belgic Gaul who distinguished himself during Maximian's campaign against the Bagaudae rebels in Gaul in 286. As a result, he was appointed to command the Classis Britannica, a fleet based in the English Channel, with the responsibility of eliminating Frankish and Saxon pirates who had been raiding the coast. However, he was suspected of keeping captured treasure for himself, and even of allowing the pirates to carry out raids and enrich themselves before taking action against them, and Maximian ordered his execution. In late 286 or early 287 Carausius learned of this sentence and responded by declaring himself Emperor of Britain and northern Gaul.

He could count on the alliegance of the three legions based in Britain, as well as one in northern Gaul. How he was able to win support from the army when his command had been sea-based is uncertain. The emperor briefly assumed the title Britannicus Maximus in 285, and the British towns of Wroxeter and Caistor by Norwich towns show signs of destruction around this time, so it is possible Carausius won the army's support during military action in Britain shortly before his rebellion. Alternatively, if the accusations of larceny are true, he could perhaps afford to buy their loyalty. He also appears to have appealed to native British dissatisfaction with Roman rule: he issued coins with legends such as Restitutor Britanniae (Restorer of Britain) and Genius Britanniae (Spirit of Britain).

Maximian, busy with wars on the Rhine, was unable to challenge him immediately, but in the Autumn of 288 he began massing troops and ships for an invasion. In 289 an invasion of Britain intended to dislodge him failed badly due to storms, although a naval defeat is also possible. An uneasy peace continued until 293, during which Rome prepared for a second effort to retake the province, while Carausius began to entertain visions of legitimacy and official recognition. He minted his own coins and brought their value in to line with Roman issues as well as acknowledging and honouring Maximian and then Diocletian. Coinage is the main source of information about the rogue emperor; his issues were initially crude but soon became more elaborate and were issued from mints in Londinium, Rotomagnus and a third site, possibly Colonia Claudia Victricensis. A milestone from Carlisle with his name on it suggests that the whole of Roman Britain was in Carausius' grasp.

It has been speculated (namely, by the historian Sheppard Frere) that the rebellion of Carausius endangered Diocletian's vision of a strong, centralized government based on his tetrarchy. In any case, by early 293 Constantius Chlorus had gained control of northern Gaul, including the rebel's stronghold and port of Bononia, on which Carausius was heavily dependent. Constantius built a mole across the harbour mouth to ensure it did not receive maritime aid.

Constantius also regained the allegiance of the rebellious Gallic legion and defeated the Franks of the Rhine mouth who seem to have been working in league with Carausius. Weakened by these setbacks, Carausius was assassinated, possibly at York, by his treasurer, Allectus.

aVF/aVF Carausius Antoninianus / Pax / Green Patina and Nice Style

Attribution: RIC 895
Date: 287-293 AD
Obverse: IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right
Reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding branch and transverse sceptre.
Size: 20.91 mm
Weight: 3 grams
ecoli
coin220.JPG
405. CONSTANTIUS I, as Caesar53 viewsBorn March 31st, Emperor Flavius Valerius Constantius may have come into the world ca. 250. His family was from Illyricum. In the army he served as a protector, tribunus, and a praeses Dalmatiarum. During the 270s or the 280s, he became the father of Constantine by Helena, his first spouse. By 288 he was the Praetorian Prefect of the western emperor Maximianus Herculius.

On 1 March 293 Diocletian appointed Galerius as his Caesar (junior emperor) in the east and Constantius as the Caesar of Maximianus Herculius. Caesar in the west. Both Caesars had the right of succession. In order to strengthen the dynastic relationship between himself and Herculius., Constantius put aside his wife Helena and married Theodora, the daughter, or perhaps stepdaughter, of Maximianus Herculius. The union was fruitful and of it there were six issue: Flavius Dalmatius, Julius Constantius, Hannibalianus, Constantia, Anastasia, and Eutropia. To strengthen his bond with Galerius and Diocletian in the east, Constantius allowed Galerius to keep his son Constantine as a hostage for his good behavior.

In the remainder of the time that he was a Caesar, Constantius spent much of his time engaged in military actions in the west. In the summer of 293 Constantius expelled the troops of the usurper Carausius from northern Gaul; after Constantius' attack on Bononia (Boulogne), Carausius was murdered. At the same time he dealt with the unrest of the Germans. In 296 he invaded Britain and put down the revolt of the usurper Allectus. Between 300 and 305 A.D. the Caesar campaigned successfully several times with various German tribes. It is worth noting in passing, that while his colleagues rigidly enforced the "Great Persecution in 303," Constantius limited his action to knocking down a few churches.

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedia, and Maximianus Herculius, at Mediolanum (Milan), divested themselves of the purple, probably because of the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian forced Maximianus to abdicate. They appointed as their successors Constantius and Galerius, with Severus and Maximinus Daia as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Constantius, as had his predecessor, ruled in the west, while Galerius and Daia ruled in the east. Almost as soon as he was appointed Augustus, he crossed to Britain to face incursions by the Picts where he died at York on 25 July 306 with his son at his side.


CONSTANTIUS I, as Caesar. 293-305 AD. Æ Follis (9.24 gm). Lugdunum mint. Struck 301-303 AD. CONSTANTIVS NO[B CAE]S, laureate and draped bust right, holding spear over right shoulder and shield at left / [GENIO POPV]LI ROMANI; altar-B/PLC. RIC VI 136a. VF, brown patina, some silvering. Ex CNG
1 commentsecoli
helena.JPG
405a. Helena106 viewsFlavia Iulia Helena, also known as Saint Helena, Saint Helen, Helena Augusta, and Helena of Constantinople, (c.248 - c.329) was the first wife of Constantius Chlorus, and the mother of Emperor Constantine I. She is traditionally credited with finding the relics of the True Cross.

Many legends surround her. She was allegedly the daughter of an innkeeper. Her son Constantine renamed the city of Drepanum on the Gulf of Nicomedia as 'Helenopolis' in her honor, which led to later interpretions that Drepanum was her birthplace.

Constantius Chlorus divorced her (c.292) to marry the step-daughter of Maximian, Flavia Maximiana Theodora. Helena's son, Constantine, became emperor of the Roman Empire, and following his elevation she became a presence at the imperial court, and received the title Augusta.

She is considered by the Orthodox and Catholic churches as a saint, famed for her piety. Eusebius records the details of her pilgrimage to Palestine and other eastern provinces. She is traditionally credited (but not by Eusebius) with the finding of relics of the True Cross (q.v.), and finding the remains of the Three Wise Men, which currently reside in the Shrine of the Three Kings at Cologne Cathedral. Her feast day as a saint of the Orthodox Christian Church is celebrated with her son on May 21, the Feast of the Holy Great Sovereigns Constantine and Helen, Equal to the Apostles. Her feast day in the Roman Catholic Church falls on August 18.

At least 25 sacred wells currently exist in Britain that were dedicated to her. She is also the patron saint of Colchester.

Helena Follis. FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and draped bust right / SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE, Securitas standing left, holding branch in right hand; PTR(crescent) in ex.
1 commentsecoli
coin409.JPG
405b. Theodora23 viewsFlavia Maximiana Theodora (known as Theodora) was the step-daughter of Maximian. Her parents were Afanius Hannibalianus and Eutropia, later wife of Maximian. Theodora's father was consul in 292, and praetorian prefect under Diocletian. In 293, Theodora married Flavius Valerius Julius Constantius (later known as Constantius Chlorus), after he had divorced from his first wife, Helena, to strengthen his political position.

Copper AE4, RIC 36, S 3911, VM 1, VF, 1.4g, 15.2mm, 180o, Constantinople mint, 337-340 A.D.; obverse FL MAX THEODORAE AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse PIETAS ROMANA, Pietas standing right holding child in her arms;Ex Forum
ecoli
coin221.JPG
406. Galerius40 viewsChristians had lived in peace during most of the rule of Diocletian. The persecutions that began with an edict of February 24, 303, were credited by Christians to the influence of Galerius. Christian houses of assembly were destroyed, for fear of sedition in secret gatherings.

Detail of the Arch of Galerius in Thessaloniki.In 305, on the abdication of Diocletian and Maximian, he at once assumed the title of Augustus, with Constantius his former colleague, and having procured the promotion to the rank of Caesar of Flavius Valerius Severus, a faithful servant, and (Maximinus II Daia), his nephew, he hoped on the death of Constantius to become sole master of the Roman world. Having Constantius' son Constantine as guest at Galerius' court in the east helped to secure his position.

His schemes, however, were defeated by the sudden elevation of Constantine at Eboracum (York) upon the death of his father, and by the action of Maximianus and his son Maxentius, who were declared co-Augusti in Italy.

After an unsuccessful invasion of Italy in 307, he elevated his friend Licinius to the rank of Augustus, and moderating his ambition, he retired to the city Felix Romuliana (near present day Gamzigrada,Serbia/Montenegro)built by him to honor his mother Romula, and devoted the few remaining years of his life "to the enjoyment of pleasure and to the execution of some works of public utility."

It was at the instance of Galerius that the last edicts of persecution against the Christians were published, beginning on February 24, 303, and this policy of repression was maintained by him until the appearance of the general edict of toleration, issued from Nicomedia in April 311, apparently during his last bout of illness, in his own name and in those of Licinius and Constantine. Lactantius gives the text of the edict in his moralized chronicle of the bad ends to which all the persecutors came, De Mortibus Persecutorum ("On the Deaths of the Persecutors", chapters 34, 35). This marked the end of official persecution of Christians.

Galerius as Caesar, 305-311AD. GENIO POPVLI ROMANI reverse type with Genius standing left holding scales and cornucopia
ecoli
coin253.JPG
407. Severus II35 viewsFlavius Valerius Severus was of humble origin and from Illyricum. Early in his career he had held a military command. When Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximianus Herculius, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple (Milan) on 1 May 305, they appointed Constantius I and Galerius as Augusti in their place, with Severus and Maximinus Daia as the new Caesars. Both Caesars were Galerius' creatures and received their appointment at his hands. Constantius I and Severus ruled the west, while Galerius and Daia controlled the east.

When Galerius learned of the death of Constantius I in August 306 and the acclamation of Constantine to the purple, he raised Severus to the rank of Augustus to replace the dead Augustus. Matters went from bad to worse for Galerius when Maxentius, the son of Maximianus Herculius, was proclaimed emperor at Rome on 28 October 306. Galerius was disturbed when he heard the news of Maxentius' revolt because the usurper seized Rome, then part of Severus' realm. Galerius sent Severus from Mediolanum (Milan) to fight the enemy. Severus took a large field army which had formerly been that of Maximianus and proceeded toward Rome.

When Maxentius learned about the advance of Severus, he sent his own father the purple and offered to make him Augustus again to win Severus' army to his side; Maximianus accepted his offer. Meanwhile, Severus and his army reached Rome and began to besiege the city; Maxentius, however, bribed Severus' soldiers and, at a set signal, the Augustus' forces joined the usurper. Severus fled ro Ravenna with a few remaining soldiers. Maximianus went to Ravenna and, with false promises of safety, convinced Severus to surrender. He took this action because he realized that Severus' position was impregnable. Under house arrest Severus was brought to Rome and imprisoned at Tres Tabernae. Severus was put to death in 307 under clouded circumstances, when Galerius invaded Italy

Severus II AD 305-306 AE Follis "Genius Serdica" "The genius of the people of Rome." Obv: FL VAL SEVERVS NOB C - Laureate head right Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI - Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia. Exe: SIS Siscia mint: AD 305-306 = RIC VI, p. 475, 170a Rare (r)
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408. Maxentius34 viewsMarcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius, more commonly known as Maxentius, was the child of the Emperor Maximianus Herculius and the Syrian Eutropia; he was born ca. 278 A.D. After Galerius' appointment to the rank of Caesar on 1 March 293, Maxentius married Galerius' daughter Valeria Maximilla, who bore him a son named Romulus and another son whose name is unknown. Due to his haughty nature and bad disposition, Maxentius could seldom agree with his father or his father-in-law; Galerius' and Maximianus Herculius' aversion to Maxentius prevented the young man from becoming a Caesar in 305. Little else is known of Maxentius' private life prior to his accession and, alth ough there is some evidence that it was spent in idleness, he did become a Senator.

On 28 October 306 Maxentius was acclaimed emperor, although he was politcally astute enough not to use the title Augustus; like the Emperor Augustus, he called himself princeps. It was not until the summer of 307 that he started usi ng the title Augustus and started offending other claimants to the imperial throne. He was enthroned by the plebs and the Praetorians. At the time of his acclamation Maxentius was at a public villa on the Via Labicana. He strengthened his position with promises of riches for those who helped him obtain his objective. He forced his father Maximianus Herculius to affirm his son's acclamation in order to give his regime a facade of legitimacy. His realm included Italy, Africa, Sardinia, and Corsica. As soon as Galerius learned about the acclamation of Herculius' son, he dispatched the Emperor Severus to quell the rebellion. With the help of his father and Severus' own troops, Maxentius' took his enemy prisoner.

When Severus died, Galerius was determined to avenge his death. In the early summer of 307 the Augustus invaded Italy; he advanced to the south and encamped at Interamna near the Tiber. His attempt to besiege the city was abortive because his army was not large enough to encompass the city's fortifications. Negotiations between Maxentius and Galerius broke down when the emperor discovered that the usurper was trying to win over his troops. Galerius' troops were open to Maxentius' promises because they were fighting a civil war between members of the same family; some of the soldiers went over to the enemy. Not trusting his own troops, Galerius withdrew. During its retreat, Galerius' army ravaged the Italian countryside as it was returning to its original base. If it was not enough that Maxentius had to deal with the havoc created by the ineffectual invasions of Severus and Galerius, he also had to deal with his father's attempts to regain the throne between 308 and 310. When Maximianus Herculius was unable to regain power by pushing his son off his throne, he attempted to win over Constantine to his cause. When this plan failed, he tried to win Diocletian over to his side at Carnuntum in October and November 308. Frustrated at every turn, Herculius returned to his son-in-law Constantine's side in Gaul where he died in 310, having been implicated in a plot against his son-in-law. Maxentius' control of the situation was weakened by the revolt of L. Domitius Alexander in 308. Although the revolt only lasted until the end of 309, it drastically cut the size of the grain supply availble for Rome. Maxentius' rule collapsed when he died on 27 October 312 in an engagement he had with the Emperor Constantine at the Milvian Bridge after the latter had invaded his realm.

Maxentius Follis. Ostia mint. IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right / AETE-RNITAS A-VGN, Castor and Pollux standing facing each other, each leaning on sceptre and holding bridled horse.
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409. Maximinus II Daza37 viewsCaius Valerius Galerius Maximinus, more commonly known as Maximinus Daia or Daza, was from Illyricum and was of peasant origin. He was born 20 November perhaps in the year 270. Daia was the son of Galerius' sister and had served in the army as a scutarius, Protector, and tribunus. He had been adopted by Galerius ; his name had been Daia even before that time. He had a wife and daughter, whose names are unknown, while his son's name was Maximus. When Diocletian and Maximianus Herculius resigned their posts of emperor on 1 May 305, they were succeeded by Constantius I Chlorus and Galerius as Augusti; their new Caesars were Severus and Maximinus Daia respectively. Constantius and Severus ruled in the West, whereas Galerius and Daia served in the East. Specifically, Daia's realm included the Middle East and the southern part of Asia Minor.[[1]]

Immediately after his appointment to the rank of Caesar, he went east and spent his first several years at Caesarea in Palestine. Events of the last quarter of 306 had a profound effect on the Emperor Galerius and his Caesar Daia. When Constantius I Chlorus died in July 306, the eastern emperor was forced by the course of events to accept Constantius' son Constantine as Caesar in the West; on 28 October of the same year, Maxentius , with the apparent backing of his father Maximianus Herculius, was acclaimed princeps. Both the attempt to dislodge Maxentius by Severus, who had been appointed Augustus of the West by Galerius after the death of Constantius in late 306 or early 307, and the subsequent campaign of Galerius himself in the summer of 307 failed. Because of the escalating nature of this chain of events, a Conference was called at Carnuntum in October and November 308; Licinius was appointed Augustus in Severus's place and Daia and Constantine were denoted filii Augustorum. Daia, however, unsatisfied with this sop tossed to him by Galerius, started calling himself Augustus in the spring of 310 when he seems to have campaigned against the Persians.[[2]] Although, as Caesar, he proved to be a trusted servant of Galerius until the latter died in 311, he subsequently seized the late emperor's domains. During the early summer of that year, he met with Licinius at the Bosporus; they concluded a treaty and divided Galerius' realm between them. Several yea rs later, after the death of Daia, Licinius obtained control of his domain. Like his mentor the late emperor, Daia had engaged in persecution of the Christians in his realm.[[3]]

In the autumn of 312, while Constantine was engaged against Maxentius, Daia appears to have been campaigning against the Armenians. In any case, he was back in Syria by February 313 when he seems to have learned about the marital alliance which had been forged by Constantine and Licinius. Disturbed by this course of events and the death of Maxentius, who had been his ally, Daia left Syria and reached Bythinia, although the harsh weather had seriously weakened his army. In April 313, he crossed the Bosporus and went to Byzantium, garrisoned by Licinius' troops; when the city refused to surrender, he took it after an eleven day siege. He moved to Heraclea, which he captured after a short siege; he then moved his forces to the first posting station. With only a small contingent of men, Licinius arrived at Adrianople while Daia was besieging Heraclea. On 30 April 313 the two armies clashed on the Campus Ergenus; in the ensuing battle Daia's forces were routed. Divesting himself of the purple and dressing like a slave, Daia fled to Nicomdeia. Subsequently, Daia attempted to stop the advance of Licinius at the Cilician Gates by establishing fortifications there; Licinius' army succeeded in breaking through, and Daia fled to Tarsus where he was hard pressed on land and sea. Daia died, probably in July or August 313, and was buried near Tarsus. Subsequently, the victorious emperor put Daia's wife and children to death.

Maximinus II Daza. 309-313 AD. ? Follis. Laureate head right / Genius standing left holding cornucopiae.
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41 Galerius as Caesar: Antioch antoninianus.16 viewsAntoninianus, 293 - 295 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES / Radiate bust of Galerius.
Reverse: IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS CAES / Jupiter and Hercules standing face to face, Jupiter holding globe and sceptre; Hercules holding Victory, club, and lion's skin. Γ between them; XXI . in exergue.
4.68 gm., 23 mm.
RIC #719; Sear #14297.

True antoniniani of Galerius and Constantius I -- with XXI in the exergue instead of a mint mark as found on "post-reform" radiates -- are fairly scarce because within about two years of their appointment as Caesars, Diocletian inaugerated his coinage reform which did away with the antoninianus.
Callimachus
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43 Galerius as Caesar: London follis.12 viewsFollis, ca 298-300 AD, London mint (group II).
Obverse: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES / Laureate and curiassed bust of Galerius.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Mint mark: (none)
10.65gm., 26mm.
RIC #15; Sear #14344.
Callimachus
20-Galerius-Car-32b.jpg
49 Galerius as Caesar: Carthage follis.29 viewsFollis, 299 - 303 AD, Carthage mint.
Obverse: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES / Laureate bust of Galerius.
Reverse: SALVS AVGG ET CAES FEL KART / Carthage standing, dressed in long robe, holding fruits in both hands.
Mint mark: Δ
11.02 gm,, 29 mm.
RIC #32b; Sear #14411.
1 commentsCallimachus
49- Maximianus-1.JPG
49-Maximianus #1-S57 viewsAE Follis, 299-303 AD, Carthage mint
Obv, IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART, Carthage standing left holding fruits and grain.
28mm, 10.5gm
RIC 39b
2 commentsjdholds
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50 Maximian RIC 42214 viewsMaximian 286-305 AD. AE Antoninianus. Lugdunum Mint. 290-294 AD. (4.05g; 21.65mm) Obv: IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left wearing imperial mantle, holding eagle-tipped sceptre. Rev: SALVS AVGG, Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms.
RIC 422; C 519
Paddy
50- Maximianus-3.JPG
50-Maximianus-3-S40 viewsAE Follis, 286-305, Ticinum mint
Obv: IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR. Moneta.
standing with scales and cornucopia.
TT* in exergue
29mm 10.1gm
VM 43, RIC 47b
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501a. Fausta47 viewsFausta Flavia Maxima was the daughter of the Roman Emperor Maximianus. To seal the alliance between them for control of the Tetrarchy, Maximianus married her to Constantine I in 307.

It is suspected that Fausta was fiercely anti-Christian and plotting the Roman empire's return to paganism behind her husband's back. Although the real reasons are not clear, Constantine eventually put her to death along with Crispus, his eldest son by a previous marriage to Minervina, in 326. Eusebius of Caesarea suspected step-mother and step-son to be lovers to each other.

Her sons became Roman Emperors: Constantine II reigned 337 - 340, Constantius II reigned 337 - 361, and Constans reigned 337 - 350. Variety of sources, of more or less reliability, attest that she bore daughters Constantina, Helena and Fausta. Of these, Constantina married her cousins, firstly Hannibalianus and secondly Gallus Caesar, and Helena married Emperor Julian. Apparently a genealogical claim that her daughter Fausta became mother of Emperor Valentinian I is without foundation (Valentinian I and children of Constantine I's second marriage were born in years close to each other, i.e they were of the same generation).

Fausta, wife of Constantine I. 325-326 AD. Æ Follis

OBVERSE: FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, mantled bust right
REVERSE: SPES REIP-VBLICAE, Spes standing facing, looking left, head veiled, holding two children in her arms
19mm - 3.1 grams

RIC VII Thessalonica 161 R3

Sear 3903
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505. Constantius Gallus51 viewsFlavius Claudius Constantius Gallus (c. 325/326 - 354), better known as Gallus Caesar, was a member of the Constantinian dynasty and Caesar of the Eastern Roman Empire (351-354). Gallus was consul three years, from 352 to 354.

Son of Julius Constantius by his first wife Galla, Gallus' paternal grandparents were Western Roman Emperor Constantius Chlorus and his second wife Flavia Maximiana Theodora. Julius Constantius was also a half-brother of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and thus Gallus was a first cousin of Roman Emperors Constantine II, Constantius II and Constans.

Born in Massa Veternensis, Italia, young Gallus saw his father killed by order of his cousin Constantius II.

Gallus became Caesar of the East on March 15 351, added the name of Constantius to his own, and set up residence in Antioch. In order to create a loyality bond with his Caesar, Constantius gave him his elder sister Constantina as wife. Gallus ruled the city in such a severe way that people complained to Constantius, who had him arrested. On the way to his summons he was executed.

His youger half-brother Julian became later Emperor.

Constantius Gallus. 351-354 AD. DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare head bust right, draped & cuirassed / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, ASIS in ex. RIC 351
2 commentsecoli
51- Maximianus-4.JPG
51- Maximianus #4-S29 viewsAE Follis, 286-305 AD , Aquileia mint.
Obv: IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right
Rev: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR. Moneta.
standing with scales and cornucopia. Crescent left, III right.
AQP in exergue
26mm , 8.2gm
RIC 29b, VM43

jdholds
52- Maximianus-5.JPG
52-Maximianus #5-S26 viewsAe Follis, 298 AD, Uncertain mint.
Obv: IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FORTVNAE REDVCI CAESS NN, Fortuna standing holding cornucopia and wheel.
26mm , 10.3gm.
VM 37.
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53- Maximianus-6.JPG
53-Maximianus #6-S37 viewsAE Follis, 294 AD, Siscia mint.
Obv: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI-Genius standing left with patera and cornucopia, modius on head.
S left A right
27mm, 9.1gm
RIC 76b
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54 Galerius as Augustus: Nicomedia follis.22 viewsFollis, 308 - 310 AD, Nicomedia mint.
Obverse: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Galerius.
Reverse: GENIO AVGVSTI CMH / Genius standing, pouring from patera and holding cornucopiae.
Mint mark: SMND
6.61 gm., 24.5 mm.
RIC #54a; PBCC #964; Sear #14508.

The meaning of the CMH ligature in the reverse inscription is a mystery. It is found on coins from the mints of Nicomedia and Cyzicus. It is generally thought to refer to the value of the coin. One possible suggestion is that it means 100 (C) sestertii struck at a new weight of 48 to the pound (Greek M = 40; Greek H = 8).
Callimachus
55- Maximianus -2.JPG
55-Maximianus #2-S23 viewsAE Follis, 296-297 Ad , Treveri Mint.
Obv: IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left with patera and cornucopia, modius on head. B(gamma) in field.
TR in Exergue
26mm, 9.6gm
RIC 181b
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57- Galerius Posthumous.JPG
57- Galerius Posthumous104 viewsAE Follis, 311 AD, Thessalonica mint.
Obv: DIVO MAXIMIANO, Veiled head right.
Rev: MEM DIVI MAXIMIANI, Eagle surmounting domed shrine with closed doors, (Gamma) in right field. SMTS in exergue.
23mm , 4.9gm
RIC 48 variant, Very Rare!
2 commentsjdholds
58- Gallerius.JPG
58- Gallerius-2-S32 viewsAE Follis, 308-313 AD,Cyzicus mint
Obv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
Rev: GENIO AVGGET CAESARV NN, Genius standing left with patera and cornucopia.
KA in exergue
27mm , 9.9gm
RIC 7b (Rare), Sear (1988) 3707
jdholds
60- Gallerius.JPG
60- Gallerius-3-S40 viewsSilvered AE Follis, 297 AD, Heraclea mint.
Obv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left with patera and cornucopia.
HT(gamma) in exergue.
26mm, 9.3gm
RIC 20b
jdholds
Moushmov_2892_ANCHIALUS_Maximino_I.jpg
62-20 - MAXIMINO I (235-238 D.C.)19 viewsAnchialos/Anquialos, Tracia
Hoy Pomorie, Bulgaria, en la costa sur del Mar Muerto

AE26 26 mm 13.6 gr.

Anv: "AVT MAΣIMEINOC EVCEBHC AV", Cabeza laureada a derecha.
Rev: "AΓXIA-ΛEΩN", Demeter sentada a izq. en una Cesta Mística, portando espigas en mano der. y larga antorcha vertical en izq. donde se enrosca una serpiente.

Acuñada 235-238 D.C.

Referencias: Varbanov II #489 (R4) Pag.48, Moushmov #2892, Strack #596
mdelvalle
RIC_371_Antoniniano_Maximiano.jpg
A111 -01 - MAXIMIANO (1er. Reinado 286 - 305 D.C.)12 viewsAntoniniano Pre-reforma 20 mm 4.3 gr.
M.AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS – Emperador asociado por Diocleciano para que gobierne como “Augusto de Occidente”, hasta 305 D.C. cuando abdica.

Anv: "IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG" - Busto con corona radiada, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "HERCVLI PACIFERO" – Hércules desnudo de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, portando una rama de olivo en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y garrote y piel de león en la izquierda. "Δ" en campo izquierdo.

Acuñada: 287 - 288 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum – Hoy Lyon Francia

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #371 (C) Pag.263 – Cohen VI #282 Pag.520 - DVM #23 Pag.278 - Sear RCTV IV #13131 Pag.147 - Hunter iv #27 - Bastien #135
mdelvalle
RIC_559_Antoniniano_Maximiano.jpg
A111 -03 - MAXIMIANO (1er. Reinado 286 - 305 D.C.)15 viewsAntoniniano Pre-reforma 22 mm 3.1 gr.
M.AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS – Emperador asociado por Diocleciano para que gobierne como “Augusto de Occidente”, hasta 305 D.C. cuando abdica.

Anv: "IMP C MA VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG" - Busto con corona radiada, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "IOVI CON-S-ERVAT" – Júpiter estante de frente, viendo a der., portando rayo en mano der. y largo cetro vertical en izq. "TXXIT" en exergo.

Acuñada: 292 - 293 D.C.
Ceca: Ticino (Off.3ra.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #559 Pag.284 – Cohen VI #332 Pag.525 - Sear RCTV IV #13140 Pag.148 - Hunter iv p.clxxxviii
mdelvalle
Antoniniano_Maximiano_RIC_371BIS.jpg
A111 -1 - MAXIMIANO (1er. Reinado 286 - 305 D.C.)61 viewsAntoniniano Pre-reforma 20 mm 4.3 gr.
M.AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS – Emperador asociado por Diocleciano para que gobierne como “Augusto de Occidente”, hasta 305 D.C. cuando abdica.

Anv: "IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG" - Busto con corona radiada, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "HERCVLI PACIFERO" – Hércules desnudo de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, portando una rama de olivo en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y garrote y piel de león en la izquierda. "Δ" en campo izquierdo.

Acuñada: 287 - 288 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum – Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #371 Pag.263 – Cohen vol-VI #282 Pag.520 - DVM # Pag. - Salgado MRBI Vol.III # Pag.
mdelvalle
RIC_46b_Fraccion_radiada_Maximiano.jpg
A111 -10 - MAXIMIANO (286 - 305 D.C.)19 viewsAE Fracción radiada (post-reforma) 19 x 20 mm 2.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" - Emperador de pié a derecha con vestimentas militares, portando en la mano izquierda un Parazonium, recibiendo una Victoriola de mano de Júpiter desnudo con su manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "Δ" en el campo central, "ALE" en exergo.

Acuñada 294 - 297 D.C.
Ceca: Alejandría (Off. 4ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Alexandria) #46b Pag.667 - Cohen Vol.VI #54 Pag.499 - DVM #45 Pag.278 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7087.g Pag.58 - Sear '88 #3639 - Sear RCTV IV #13317 Pag.167
mdelvalle
RIC_16b_Fraccion_radiada_Maximiano.jpg
A111 -12 - MAXIMIANO (286 - 305 D.C.)17 viewsAE Fracción radiada (post-reforma) 19 x 20 mm 2.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" - Emperador de pié a derecha con vestimentas militares, portando en la mano izquierda un Parazonium, recibiendo una Victoriola de mano de Júpiter desnudo con su manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "KA" en el campo central.

Acuñada 295 - 297 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzicus (Off. 1ra.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Cyzicus) #15b (C2) Pag.581 - Cohen Vol.VI #54 Pag.499 - DVM #45 Pag.278 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7087e Pag.58 - Sear RCTV IV #13315 Pag.166
mdelvalle
RIC_15b_Fraccion_radiada_Maximiano.jpg
A111 -14 - MAXIMIANO (286 - 305 D.C.)16 viewsAE Fracción radiada (post-reforma) 21 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" - Emperador de pié a derecha con vestimentas militares, portando en la mano izquierda un Parazonium, recibiendo una Victoriola de mano de Júpiter desnudo con su manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "KΕ" en el campo central.

Acuñada 295 - 299 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzicus (Off. 5ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Cyzicus) #15b Pag.581 - Cohen Vol.VI #54 var. Pag.499 - DVM #45 Pag.278 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7087e Pag.58 - Sear RCTV IV #13315 Pag.166
mdelvalle
RIC_78_Fraccion_radiada_Maximiano.jpg
A111 -16 - MAXIMIANO (286 - 305 D.C.)15 viewsAE Fracción radiada (post-reforma) 20 x 18 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: "IMP C [MA]XIMIANVS PF AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VOT / · / XX" - Leyenda en dos líneas dentro de una guirnalda de hojas. "ε" en el campo central.

Acuñada 297 - 298 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off. 5ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Roma) #78 (C) Pag.359 - Cohen Vol.VI #676 Pag.562 - DVM #46 var Pag.278 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7088a Pag.58 - Sear RCTV IV #13323 Pag.167
mdelvalle
RIC_146_cuarto_follis_Maximiano.jpg
A111 -20 - MAXIMIANO (1er. Reinado 286 - 305 D.C.)16 viewsCuarto Follis post-reforma 19 mm 2.05 gr.
M.AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS – Emperador asociado por Diocleciano para que gobierne como “Augusto de Occidente”, hasta 305 D.C. cuando abdica.

Anv: "IMP C MA VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG" - Cabeza laureada, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI" – Genio vistiendo Modius en la cabeza, estante a izq., portando patera en mano der. y cornucopia en izq."SIS" en exergo.

Acuñada: 305 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI #146 Pag.471 – Cohen VI #185 Pag.511 - Sear RCTV IV #13307A Pag.165
mdelvalle
AE Radiado Maximiano RIC 15b.jpg
A111-02 - MAXIMIANO (286 - 305 D.C.)45 viewsAE Fracción radiada (post-reforma) 19 x 20 mm 2.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" - Emperador de pié a derecha con vestimentas militares, portando en la mano izquierda un Parazonium, recibiendo una Victoriola de mano de Júpiter desnudo con su manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "KA" en el campo central.

Acuñada 295 - 297 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzicus (Off. 1ra.)
Rareza: C2

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Cyzicus) #15b Pag.581 - Cohen Vol.VI #54 Pag.499 - DVM #45 Pag.278 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7087e Pag.58
mdelvalle
AE Radiado Maximiano RIC 78.jpg
A111-04 - MAXIMIANO (286 - 305 D.C.)54 viewsAE Fracción radiada (post-reforma) 20 x 18 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: "IMP C [MA]XIMIANVS PF AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VOT / X X" - Leyenda en dos líneas dentro de una guirnalda de hojas. "ε" en el campo central.

Acuñada 297 - 298 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off. 5ta.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Roma) #78 Pag.359 - Cohen Vol.VI #676 Pag.562 - DVM #46 var Pag.278 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7088a Pag.58
mdelvalle
AE Radiado Constancio I RIC 15.jpg
A112-10 - CONSTANCIO I Como Cesar de Maximiano (293 - 305 D.C.)44 viewsAE Fracción radiada/Antoniniano ? 20 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: "FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha. Visto desde atrás. (Busto no listado en RIC)
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" - Emperador de pié a derecha con vestimentas militares, portando en la mano izquierda un Parazonium, recibiendo una Victoriola de mano de Júpiter desnudo con su manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "H" en el campo central.

Acuñada ?
Ceca: Heraclea ?
Rareza: ?

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI NO LISTADA - Cohen Vol.VII #20 Pag.60 - DVM #16 (Antoniniano) Pag.280 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III NO LISTADA
mdelvalle
Follis Constancio I RIC Antiochia 55a.jpg
A112-20 - CONSTANCIO I Como Cesar de Maximiano (293 - 305 D.C.)78 viewsAE Follis 24 x 25 mm 9.1 gr.

Anv: "FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES" - Cabeza laureada, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GENIO POPVLI ROMANI" - Genio de pié a izquierda, desnudo salvo modius en la cabeza y chlamys colgando desde su hombro izquierdo, portando patera en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido, de la que cae cierto líquido y cornucopia en izquierda. "ANT" en exergo, "K" en campo izquierdo y "A/V" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 300 - 301 D.C.
Ceca: Antiochia (Off.1ra)
Rareza: C2

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Antiochia) #55a Pag.620 - Cohen Vol.VII #89 Pag.66 - DVM #25 var Pag.280 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7121.m Pag.61
mdelvalle
Follis Constancio I RIC 95a.jpg
A112-22 - CONSTANCIO I Como Cesar de Maximiano (293 - 305 D.C.)65 viewsAE Follis 29 x 27 mm 10.2 gr.

Anv: "CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES" - Cabeza laureada, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GENIO POPVLI ROMANI" - Genio de pié a izquierda, desnudo salvo modius en la cabeza y chlamys colgando desde su hombro izquierdo, portando patera en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y cornucopia en izquierda. "T * " en exergo.

Acuñada 299 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.3ra)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Roma) #95a Pag.361 - Cohen Vol.VII #61 Pag.65 - DVM #25 Pag.280 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7121.f.3. Pag.61
mdelvalle
Follis_Galerio_RIC_Trier_357b.jpg
A113-18 - GALERIO Como Cesar de Diocleciano (293 - 305 D.C.)50 viewsAE Follis 26 x 25 mm 6.5 gr.

Anv: "MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES" - Cabeza laureada, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI" - Genio de pié a izquierda, desnudo salvo modius en la cabeza y chlamys colgando desde su hombro izquierdo, portando patera en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido de la que cae cierto líquido y cornucopia en izquierda. "TR" en exergo, "B" en campo izquierdo y " * " en campo derecho.

Acuñada 298/9 D.C.
Ceca: Trier (Off.2da)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Trier) #357b Pag.289 - Cohen Vol.VII #78 Pag.109 - DVM #29 Pag.281 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7169. Pag.65 – Sear RCTV (1988) #3708
mdelvalle
Follis Galerio RIC Antiochia 59b.jpg
A113-20 - GALERIO Como Cesar de Diocleciano (293 - 305 D.C.)70 viewsAE Follis 27 x 25 mm 9.3 gr.

Anv: "GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES" - Cabeza laureada, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GENIO POPVLI ROMANI" - Genio de pié a izquierda, desnudo salvo modius en la cabeza y chlamys colgando desde su hombro izquierdo, portando patera en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido de la que cae cierto líquido y cornucopia en izquierda. "ANT·" en exergo y "B" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 304 - 305 D.C.
Ceca: Antiochia (Off.2da)
Rareza: C2

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Antiochia) #59b Pag.621 - Cohen Vol.VII #78 Pag.109 - DVM #29 var Pag.281 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7169.m. Pag.65
mdelvalle
Follis Galerio RIC Antiochia 95.jpg
A113-25 - GALERIO (305 - 311 D.C.)46 viewsAE Follis 25 x 24 mm 6.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG" - Cabeza laureada, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GENIO IMPERATORIS" - Genio de pié a izquierda, desnudo salvo modius en la cabeza y chlamys colgando desde su hombro izquierdo, portando patera en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido, de la que cae cierto líquido y cornucopia en izquierda. "A" en campo izquierdo, "NT·" en exergo, y "Creciente (media luna)/ε" en campo derecho. Nótese la falla de acuñación: la "A" que debería encontrarse en el exergo como parte del nombre de la ceca "ANT", se encuentra en el campo izquierdo.

Acuñada 308 D.C.
Ceca: Antiochia (Off.5ta)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Antiochia) #95 Pag.629 - Cohen Vol.VII #47 Pag.107 - DVM #28a var Pag.281 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7269.j. Pag.75
mdelvalle
Follis_Galerio_RIC_Heraclea_37a.jpg
A113-26 - GALERIO (305 - 311 D.C.)41 viewsAE Follis 25 x 24 mm 5.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG" - Cabeza laureada, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GENIO IMP-E-RATORIS" - Genio de pié a izquierda, desnudo salvo modius en la cabeza y chlamys colgando desde su hombro izquierdo, portando patera en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido, de la que cae cierto líquido y cornucopia en izquierda. "A" en campo izquierdo, " • HTΓ •" en exergo, y "Creciente (media luna)/ε" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 308/9 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off.3ra)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Heraclea) #37a Pag.535 - Cohen Vol.VII #47 Pag.107 - DVM #28a var Pag.281 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7269. Pag.75
mdelvalle
Follis Majencio RIC Ticinum 95.jpg
A117-12 - MAJENCIO (306 - 312 D.C.)44 viewsAE Follis 24 mm 6.1 gr.
Hijo de Maximiano, causó la crisis del sistema de la Tetrarquía, siendo proclamado “Principe”, luego César, y mas tarde Augusto, e invitando él mismo a su padre a reasumir el Imperio. Fue derrocado por las fuerzas conjuntas de Constantino I y Licinio.

Anv: "MAXENTIVS P F AVG" - Busto laureado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONSERV VRB SVAE" - Roma sentada de frente, viendo a izquierda, portando un globo en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y largo cetro vertical en izquierda, dentro de un templo hexástilo (6 columnas). "P T" en exergo.

Acuñada Otoño 307 - primavera 308 D.C.
Ceca: Ticinum (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Ticinum) #95 Pag.294 - Cohen Vol.VII #28 Pag.168 - DVM #18 var Pag.284 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7653.a. Pag.89
1 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_95_Follis_Numus_Majencio.jpg
A117-12 - MAJENCIO (306 - 312 D.C.)34 viewsAE Follis 24 mm 6.1 gr.
Hijo de Maximiano, causó la crisis del sistema de la Tetrarquía, siendo proclamado “Principe”, luego César, y mas tarde Augusto, e invitando él mismo a su padre a reasumir el Imperio. Fue derrocado por las fuerzas conjuntas de Constantino I y Licinio.

Anv: "MAXENTIVS P F AVG" - Busto laureado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONSERV VRB SVAE" - Roma sentada de frente, viendo a izquierda, portando un globo en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y largo cetro vertical en izquierda, dentro de un templo hexástilo (6 columnas). "P T" en exergo.

Acuñada Otoño 307 - primavera 308 D.C.
Ceca: Ticinum (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Ticinum) #95 Pag.294 - Cohen Vol.VII #28 Pag.168 - DVM #18 var Pag.284 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7653.a. Pag.89
mdelvalle
Follis_Majencio_RIC_35.jpg
A117-16 - MAJENCIO (306 - 312 D.C.)38 viewsAE Follis 25 mm 7.1 gr.
Hijo de Maximiano, causó la crisis del sistema de la Tetrarquía, siendo proclamado “Principe”, luego César, y mas tarde Augusto, e invitando él mismo a su padre a reasumir el Imperio. Fue derrocado por las fuerzas conjuntas de Constantino I y Licinio.

Anv: "IMP C M[A]XENTIVS PF AVG " – Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "AETE-RNITAS - [AVG] N” – Los Dioscuri (Castor y Pollux) desnudos de pié uno frente al otro, portando cetros largos verticales, sobre sus hombros un manto corto (Chlamys) y reteniendo a sus caballos por los frenos. "MOSTP" en exergo.

Acuñada 309 – 312 D.C.
Ceca: Ostia – (Ostia Antica, viejo puerto de Roma) -Italia
Rareza: C2

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Ostia) 35 Pag.404 - DVM #14 Pag.284 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7656.a. Pag.89 – Cohen Vol.VII #5 Pag.166
mdelvalle
RIC_35_Follis_Numus_Majencio.jpg
A117-16 - MAJENCIO (306 - 312 D.C.)18 viewsAE Follis 25 mm 7.1 gr.
Hijo de Maximiano, causó la crisis del sistema de la Tetrarquía, siendo proclamado “Principe”, luego César, y mas tarde Augusto, e invitando él mismo a su padre a reasumir el Imperio. Fue derrocado por las fuerzas conjuntas de Constantino I y Licinio.

Anv: "IMP C M[A]XENTIVS PF AVG " – Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "AETE-RNITAS - [AVG] N” – Los Dioscuri (Castor y Pollux) desnudos de pié uno frente al otro, portando cetros largos verticales, sobre sus hombros un manto corto (Chlamys) y reteniendo a sus caballos por los frenos. "MOSTP" en exergo.

Acuñada 309 – 312 D.C.
Ceca: Ostia – (Ostia Antica, viejo puerto de Roma) -Italia
Rareza: C2

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Ostia) 35 Pag.404 - DVM #14 Pag.284 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7656.a. Pag.89 – Cohen Vol.VII #5 Pag.166 - Sear '88 #3776
mdelvalle
Centenional Fausta RIC VII Nicomedia 131.jpg
A122-05 - Fausta (324 - 326 D.C.)41 viewsAE3 Centenional 21 x 19 mm 3.3 gr.
Hija de Maximiano y esposa de Constantino I.

Anv: "FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG" - Busto a cabeza desnuda y pelo ondeado, vistiendo túnica, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SPES REI-PVBLICAE" - Emperatriz de pié de frente, viendo a izquierda, velada su cabeza sostiene en brazos a sus hijos Constantino II y Constancio II. "MNΓ" en exergo.

Acuñada 325/6 D.C.
Ceca: Nicomedia (Off.3ra.)
Rareza: R3

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Nicomedia) #131 Pag.621 - Cohen Vol.VII #15 Pag.336 - DVM #6 Pag.293 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8326.r.2. Pag.175 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3903
1 commentsmdelvalle
Centenional Teodora RIC VIII Trier 65P.jpg
A124 - 5 - Teodora 62 viewsAE4 Centenional reducido 14 mm 1.9 gr.

Hijastra de Maximiano y segunda esposa de Constancio I Cloro. Sus acuñaciones fueron realizadas póstumamente durante el reinado de los hijos de Constancio(337/340 D.C.), en este caso emisión realizada por Constantino II.

Anv: "FL MAX [THEO - DO]RAE AVG" - Busto con diadema laureada, vistiendo túnica ornamentada y collar formado por una hiladas de perlas, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PIETAS ROMANA" – Pietas (La Piedad) de pié de frente viendo a derecha, llevando un niño a su pecho. "·TRP·" en exergo.

Acuñada 337 - 340 D.C.
Ceca: Tréveri (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: C2

Referencias: RIC Vol.VIII (Trier) #65 Pag.143 - Cohen Vol.VII #4 Pag.99 DVM #1 Pag.280 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8541.a. Pag.202- Sear RCTV (1988) #3911
mdelvalle
galerius AElaureate.jpg
AE laureate GALERIUS - 305-306 AD45 viewsobv:MAXIMIANVS.AVG
rev:GENIO.POPVLI.ROMANI (Genius of the Roman People standing holding a cornucopia and pouring a sacrifice from a patera) / SIS
ref:RIC VI-Siscia169b (R2)
2.30gms, 18mm
Very rare
berserker
maximianus AElaureate.jpg
AE laureate MAXIMIANUS - 305 AD43 viewsbv:IMP.C.M.A.MAXIMIANVS.PF.AVG
rev:GENIO.POPVLI.ROMANI (Genius of the Roman People standing holding a cornucopia and pouring a sacrifice from a patera) / SIS
ref:RIC VI-Siscia146 (R2)
2.08gms, 18mm
Very rare
berserker
maximianus postreform.jpg
AE radiate GALERIUS - 305-306 AD28 viewsobv:IMP.C.MAXIMIANVS.PF.AVG (radiate, draped bust right)
rev:CONCORDIA.MIL-ITVM (Galerius standing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter) / A / [ALE]
ref:RIC VI-Alexandria59b
2.87gms, 21mm
berserker
maximianus post-reform-radiate.jpg
AE radiate MAXIMIANUS - 295-296 AD20 viewsobv:IMP.C.MAXIMIANVS.PF.AVG (radiate, draped bust right)
rev:CONCORDIA.MILITVM (Maximianus standing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter) / HΓ
ref:RICVI-Heraclea14
2.28gms, 20mm
berserker
maximian_II_antioch.jpg
APOLLONI SANCTO. GENIO ANTIOCHENI, Tyche of Antioch/ Apollo8 viewsMaximinus II Daia (309-313 AD), 16mm, 1.3g. APOLLONI SANCTO. GENIO AN-TIOCHENI, Tyche of Antioch, turreted, wearing cloak and veil, seated facing on rock; at her feet, river god Orontes swimming right / APOLLONI – SANCTO / G / SMA Apollo, wearing long dress and himation, standing facing, head turned left, holding cithara with his left hand, patera in his right hand, C. 1 (Julianus II). Van Heesch, NC 1993, 66, 3a. Minted ca.310-311 A.D. Ex David LiebertPodiceps
maximian_iov_et_herc.jpg
BCC Lr2320 viewsLate Roman
Maximian 286-305 CE
AE Antoninianus
Obv:IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG
Jupiter standing right holding scepter and orb, facing
Hercules standing left holding Victory and club.
In field E, with star above. In ex. XXI.
21mm 4.12gm. Axis:150
Mint: Antioch, RIC 622v
v-drome
galerius_max_concordia.jpg
BCC LR2546 viewsLate Roman
Galerius 305-311 CE
AE post-reform radiate
Obv:IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed? bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIA MI-LITUM
Galerius standing right receiving Victory
on globe from Jupiter.
In field: Δ, In ex: ALE
19x22mm 2.71gm. Axis:180
RIC VI Alexandria 59b, Sear (1981) 3622
1 commentsv-drome
maximian_concord_antioch.jpg
BCC LR2829 viewsLate Roman
Maximian 286-305 CE
AE Antoninianus ca.293
Obv: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIA MIL-ITVM
Emperor standing right, receiving Victory
on globe from Jupiter, standing left.
In fld: ΕΔ In ex: dot XXI
20x21mm 3.66gm. Axis:0
RIC Vb 621 Antioch Mint
v-drome
maximian_Virtus_LR54.jpg
BCC LR54 15 viewsLate Roman
Maximian 286-305 CE
AE Antoninianus
Obv:IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS AVGVSTORUM
Hercules standing right with bow and lion
skin, leaning on club. In field: Γ In ex:XXI
22mm 2.75gm. Axis:0
Possible reference RIC V 591, Siscia Mint?
v-drome
Billion_tetradrachm;_Maximian,_laureate,_draped_and_cuirassed_bust_right_OBV;_Nike_flying_right,_wreath_in_hand,_palm_over_shoulder_in_left_REV.jpg
Billion tetradrachm; Maximianus, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right obv; Nike flying right, wreath in hand, palm over shoulder in left rev; 6.739g, 19.6mm34 viewsBillon tetradrachm, Milne 4860, Dattari 5957, Curtis 2098, Kampmann 120.29, Geissen 3295, Emmett 4147, VF, 6.739g, 19.6mm, 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 287 - 28 Aug 288 A.D.; obverse "A K M A OUA MAXIMIANO"C C"EB", laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Nike flying right, wreath in right hand, palm over shoulder in left, L - "G" (year 3) flanking across field

It's like I fell in love at first sight or something. I couldn't stop coming back to this coin. It's my early birthday gift to myself. Would've bought another too, but I JUST found out my front left tire has a slow leak, so I need to start saving for new tires. BAH! With the sale I couldn't pass this one up though, so now it's mine!

Maximian, you were a great soldier and a crazy old man. I can't wait till you and Nike get here!

[Photo and description graciously taken from the FORVM, as I just hit the "buy" button like, five minutes ago!]
2 commentsEvaJupiterSkies
maximianf.jpg
Bronze coin of Maximian12 viewsA Roman bronze coin of Maximian, minted between 286-310 AD. 21 mm, 2.41 g. Heraclea mint?

Obverse: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG Radiate draped Maximian bust, facing right

Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Maximianus standing right holding sceptre, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre

Attribution: Like RIC 607 but with HB in ex.
chuy1530
Galerius.jpg
Bronze Follis of Galerius20 viewsA Roman bronze follis of Galerius, minted in Heraclea between 308-309 AD. 25.2 mm, 5.248 g.

Obverse: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right

Reverse: GENIO IMPERATORIS, Genius standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, patera in right, cornucopia in left, •HT*G*• in ex

Attribution: RIC VI 37a
chuy1530
1galerio_regalo_pulita_1.jpg
Campgate: Galerio Cesare a nome Massimiano, follis zecca di Cyzicus14 viewsGalerius, AE Follis (c. 307 AD), Cyzicus, I officina
AE, gr. 5,9, mm. 28, BB, R
D/ IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right
R/ VIRTVS MILITVM, campgate surmounted by four turrets. MKA in ex
Ric VI 39
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo (Roma, Italia, numero catalogo 266, 14 gennaio 2017); ex collezione C.F., Nemo Nostrum (Milano, Italia, ante 1990, fino al 13 gennaio 2017)
paolo
1campgate_Galerio_unita.jpg
Campgate: Galerio, AE follis (ca 307 d.C.), zecca di Cyzicus14 viewsGalerius, AE Follis (c. 307 AD), Cyzicus
AE, gr. 4,32, mm. 23,8, qMB, R
D/ IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right
R/ VIRTVS MILITVM, campgate surmounted by four beacons or turrets. Mintmark MK?
Ric VI 39, Cohen 228/229
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo (Roma, Italia, numero catalogo 267, 4 gennaio 2017); ex Tintinna numismatica, asta 60 (Deamoneta) del 4 gennaio 2017, lotto 2203
paolo
00476q00.jpg
Carausius25 viewsAE-Antoninianus
CARAVSIVS ET FRATRES SVI; Jugate, radiate and cuirassed busts of Maximianus, Diocletian and Carausius to left.
PAX AVGGG; Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and vertical sceptre; S/P in fields.
Ex: C
Camulodunum
RIC V,II; 1
1 commentsJulianus of Pannonia
Carausius_AE_antoninianus,_273-285_AD,_Camulodunum.JPG
Carausius AE antoninianus, 273-285 AD, Camulodunum33 viewsCarausius
AE antoninianus –
Camoludunum, 287-293 AD
radiate, draped, cuirassed bust r.
IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG
Pax standing facing holding palm branch and transverse sceptre
PAX AVGGG, S|P / C
RIC Vb Camulodunum 334; Carson 16, Bourne 79

The AVGGG on the reverse is a reference to Carausius' desire to associate himself with the legitimate regime, relating himself to Diocletian and Maximian as a co-emperor.
Ardatirion
IMG_2975.JPG
Carausius for Maximian31 viewsCarausius for Maximian.
AE Antoninainus.
5.24 gm.

Radiate and cuirassed bust of Maximian facing right; IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG/ Pax standing left holding sceptre and branch S left P right; PAX AVGGG. MLXXI in exergue.

V2 London 34

The three G's in AVGGG represented Carausius, Diocletian and Maximianus as part of an attempt by Carausius to become equal in power with Diocletian and Maximianus, which failed.
ex Jamesicus
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
CJSII-0008-coreh.jpg
Coded Maximian KOY Siscia139 viewsobv: IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG (2)
Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right (C)
rev: CONSERVATOR AVGG with B in right field and XXIKOY in ex.
Maximianus standing left pouring a sacrifice from patina in right hand while holding a sceptre in left & Hercules pouring a sacrifice from a patina in right hand while leaning on a club in left.
cscoppa
39671_Maximian_antoninianus,_RIC_VI_Antioch_60b,_F,_Antioch.jpg
CONCORDIA MILITVM, ANT in ex, RIC VI 60b Antioch27 viewsMaximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D. Bronze antoninianus, RIC VI Antioch 60b, F, Antioch mint, 3.048g, 20.1mm, 0o, 296 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presenting Victory on globe to Maximian, star over A, ANT in ex; scarce. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
83154q00_Maximian_radiate_Cyzicus.jpg
CONCORDIA MILITVM; RIC VI 15b, Cyzicus24 viewsMaximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D. Copper post-reform radiate, RIC VI 15b, Cyzicus mint, 3.025g, 22.2mm, 180o, 295 - 299 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter (on left) and Maximian standing confronted, Jupiter presenting Victory on globe, Maximian holding long scepter vertical in left, KS in center; Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
con_max_lic_spqr_.jpg
Constantine Maximianus Licinius S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI - rome24 viewsSPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, three standards surmounted by hand, eagle and wreath.

James b4
Constantius_RIC_38a.JPG
Constantius (as Caesar), 293 - 305 AD43 viewsObv: CONSTANTIVS CAES, laureate bust of Constantius I facing right.

Rev: VICTORIA SARMAT, the tetrarchs, (Diocletian, Maximianus, Constantius I and Galerius) sacrificing over a tripod altar in front of a camp gate with six turrets; Z in exergue.

Silver Argenteus, Rome mint (officina 7), 295 - 297 AD

2.9 grams, 19 x 17 mm, 0°

RIC VI 38a, RSC 286†d, VM 9
1 commentsSPQR Coins
rjb_2012_11_29.jpg
Deified Maximianus I34 viewsDeified Maximianus I
Siscia mint
DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP
Laureate, veiled bust right
REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITVM
Maximianus seated left on curule chair
-/-//SIS
RIC (VII) Siscia 41
mauseus
diocletian_quies.png
Diocletan 4.01.00212 viewsD N DIALETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG
(R. laur in imperial mantle r. holding olive branch l. mappa)
Rev PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG
(Providentia r. extending hand to Quies who is holding a branch and leaning on a sceptre)
No mintmark
London
RIC VI 77a CT 4.01.002 (C)
8.6g
(ex Beast Coins)
(These coins were issued when Diocletian and Maximian Herculius retired in 305 AD. The reverse legend means "Divine Providence and Tranquility for our Emperors" and is the Roman equivalent of saying "All the best for your retirement."
Noviomagus
vcoin6050.jpg
Diocletian Argenteus34 viewsDenomination : Silver Argenteus. Mint : Rome.

Size : 17.5 x 18.6 mm. Weight : 3.34 grams.

Reference : RIC VI 43a. RSC-516fm. Sear-3503 var.

Obverse : Head of Diocletian right, with DIOCLETIANVS AVG around.

Reverse : Diocletian, Maximianus, Constantiuus and Galerius, standing in front of a camp gate, sacrificing, with VIRTVS MILITVM around.
4 commentsTLP
diocletian_siscia36~0.jpg
Diocletian RIC VI, Siscia 36493 viewsDiocletian 284 - 305
AR - Argenteus, 2.84g, 19mm
Siscia ca. 294/5
obv. DIOCLETI - ANVS AVG
laureate head r.
rev. VICTORIA - SARMAT
The 4 emperors Diocletian, Constantius, Maximianus and Galerius
sacrificing over tripod before archway in six-turreted enclosure
RIC VI, Siscia 36; cf. C.488
R5 (before finding of the Sisak hoard!); EF uncirculated, from Sisak hoard(1953)
Referred clearly to Galerius' Danubian activities 293/6, struck for use by
military recipients above all (RIC)
added to www.wildwinds.com

From RIC: The reverse type exemplifies the times of Diocletian with symbolic accuracy, for the Empire was in many parts reduced to walled cities and fortresses, and it was ruled by 4 men who recognized that in those desperate times their strength was derived from their conformity!



11 commentsJochen
normal_maximianus_12s[1].jpg
Diocletian, 284 - 305 A.D.11 viewsObverse - IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG Diocletian bust right 3/4 in front
Reverse - IOVI CONSERVATOR-I AVGG, TR, XXI. Jupiter and Diocletian face to face. Diocletian is standing to the left, turned right, dressed militarily, holding a septerin left hand. Jupiter is naked standing at right, turned left, the coat on the shoulder, holding a long Septeron the left hand and a globe nikephoros on the right hand giving to the emperor.
NORMAN K
Diocletian_RIC_278~1.JPG
Diocletian, 284 -305 AD21 viewsObv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Diocletian facing right.

Rev: VICTORIA AVGG, Diocletian and Maximianus standing facing each other, holding a figure of Victory between them, Γ in field, -XXI- in exergue.

Billon Antoninianus, Heraclea mint, 292 AD

4.3 grams, 23 mm, 180°

RIC Vii 278, S12715, VM 36
Matt Inglima
diocletianjuptr.jpg
Diocletian, RIC 329 Treveir 284-305 CE.19 views
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATOR-I AVGG, TR. Jupiter & Diocletian face to face. Diocletian is standing to the left, turned right, dressed in militrary, holding a scepter in left hand. Jupiter is naked standing at right, turned left, the coat on the shoulder, holding a long Scepter, the left hand and a globe nikephoros in the right hand, giving to the emperor.
Mintmark XXI, Treveir, 23.2 mm., 4.0 g.

Comments: The workshop of Tripolis is rare. Opened at the time of the reform of 274 Aurelian's reign, will close under the diarchy in 290. Antioch, as the nearby workshop of Tripolis, seems to serve as military dispensary supplying the army funds in order to pay the troops in the field.
History: Diocletian, born in 245 in Dalmatia (Split), is an Illyrian Emperor. It is purple after eliminating Aper, praetorian prefect and father-in-law and assassin of Numerien, November 20 284. Fighting first against Carin, youngest son of Carus, he was defeated at the Margus the following year; but Carin is murdered and Diocletian remains only August. He appointed Maximian, a compatriot, Caesar in November 285, then auguste April 1 286. It just created a new political regime, the diarchy where two emperors share political and military power, but Maximian remains subordinate to Diocletian. Diocletian ranks under the Jovian (Jupiter) protection while Maximian was Herculean gasoline (of Hercules). Diocletian spent the first ten years of his reign to make war in the East, while Maximian remains in the West. Diocletian was the first emperor of Bas Empire, in the words of Gibbons, and the originator of the dominate.
NORMAN K
00302q00.jpg
Diocletianus4 viewsAE- Antoninianus
IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.
ADVENTVS AVGG; Diocletianus and Maximianus on Horses riding right; raising right hand.
Ex: P
Lugdunum
RIC 25; B. 242, Plate XVII (1ex.)
Julianus of Pannonia
05-Diocletian-Ser-15a~0.jpg
Diocletion abdication follis.129 viewsFollis, ca 305-306 AD, Serdica mint.
Obverse: DN DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG / Laureate bust of Diocletian, wearing the imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left hand.
Reverse: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG / Providentia standing, extending hand to Quies, also standing, holding branch and leaning on sceptre. S F in fields, &Gamma: between.
Mint mark: . SM . SD .
10.63 gm., 28 mm.
RIC #15a; Sear # 12940, PBCC #843.

On May 1, 305, Diocletian and Maximian retired. These coins were issued to commemorate that event.
Callimachus
divo_maximiano-1.jpg
DIVO MAXIMIANO RIC VII 4111 viewsSiscia 317-317 AD.
17 mm, 1.5 g.
DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP
REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM
SIS in ex.
xokleng
Divo_Galerius.jpg
Divus Galerius7 viewsDivus Galerius

A.D. 311, 23x25mm 4.5gm
DIVO MAXIMIANO; veiled head right.
MEM DIVI M-AXIMIANI; Eagle surmounting domed shrine with closed doors. B in right field.
In ex. •SM•TS•
RIC VI Thessalonica 48
Posthumous issue struck under Licinius
Ancient Aussie
Divo_Maximian.jpg
DIVUS MAXIMIANUS 3 viewsDIVUS MAXIMIANUS DIED 310.
AE Follis. Ostia 22mm, 5.59gm, RIC 26
Struck under Maxentius, AD 309-312. Veiled head right / Eagle standing right on domed hexastyle temple, right door ajar; MOSTS. RIC VI 26
Ancient Aussie
maxdivus.jpg
Divus Maximianus, RIC 24, Minted under Constantine I19 viewsDivus Maximianus AE3
Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, Veiled head right.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMOR MERIT, Maximianus seated left on curule chair.
TSE in ex. Thssalonica mint, 15.9 mm., 1.3 g.
NORMAN K
EB0679_scaled.JPG
EB0679 Maximianus / Nike7 viewsMaximianus 286-305, billon tetradrachm of Alexandria, Year 7 = 292-293.
Obverse: A K M OVA MAXIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: Nike advancing right holding wreath and palm branch, L - Z.
References: Milne 5032-5033,Dattari 5968.
Diameter: 20.5mm Weight: 8.311g
EB
EB0680_scaled.JPG
EB0680 Maximianus / Elpis45 viewsMaximianus 286-305, billon tetradrachm of Alexandria, Year 2 = 287-288.
Obverse: A K M A OVA MAXIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: L-B, Elpis standing left holding flower & raising hem of skirt, star at top right.
References: Milne 4814, Emmett 4114, Dattari 5873.
Diameter: 20mm Weight: 8.754g
1 commentsEB
EB0681_scaled.JPG
EB0681 Maximianus / Homonia8 viewsMaximianus 286-305, billon tetradrachm of Alexandria, Year 7 = 291-292.
Obverse: MAΞIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: L - H; Homonia standing left, in long chiton & peplos, double cornucopiae in left hand, right hand raised, B or Γ in exerge.
References: Dattari 5935 (for B in exerge).
Diameter: 19mm Weight: 7.683g
EB
EB0735_scaled.JPG
EB0735 Maximianus / Pax12 viewsMaximianus 286-305, AE Antoninianus, Lyons 291.
Obverse: IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: PAX AVGG, Pax standing left, holding victory on globe and scepter. Mintmark B.
References: RIC V 399.
Diameter: 23.5mm, Weight: 4.228g.
EB
EB0736_scaled.JPG
EB0736 Maximianus / Genio Populi11 viewsMaximianus 286-305, AE Follis, Ticinum 296-297.
Obverse: IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae, star in left field. Mintmark PT.
References: RIC VI 31b.
Diameter: 28mm, Weight: 10.819g.
EB
EB0737_scaled.JPG
EB0737 Maximianus / Genio Populi26 viewsMaximianus 286-305, AE Follis, Cyzicus 297-299.
Obverse: IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae. Mintmark [K]Δ.
References: RIC VI Cyzicus 12b; Sear 13269.
Diameter: 28mm, Weight: 8.688g.
1 commentsEB
EB0738_scaled.JPG
EB0738 Maximianus / Genio Populi10 viewsMaximianus 286-305, AE Follis, Trier 295-297.
Obverse: IMP MAXIMIANVS P AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae, B-Γ, Mintmark TR.
References: Cf. RIC VI 152b (no Γ), RIC VI 170b (cuirassed, PF AVG).
Diameter: 27mm, Weight: 10.334g.
EB
EB0739_scaled.JPG
EB0739 Maximianus / CONCORDIA MILITVM15 viewsMaximianus 286-305, AE Antoninianus, Heraclea 286-305.
Obverse: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre, presenting Victory on globe to emperor, standing right. HΓ in lower centre. Mintmark dot XXI dot.
References: RIC V 595; Sear 13116.
Diameter: 23mm, Weight: 2.958g.
EB
EB0740_scaled.JPG
EB0740 Maximianus / Moneta16 viewsMaximianus 286-305, AE Follis, Aquileia 300.
Obverse: IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae. Mintmark AQP.
References: RIC VI Aquileia 29b; Sear 13300.
Diameter: 27mm, Weight: 10.111g.
EB
EB0741_scaled.JPG
EB0741 Maximianus / Roma in Temple12 viewsMaximianus second reign 306-308, AE Follis, Aquileia.
Obverse: IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: CONSERV-VRB SVAE, Roma seated facing, head left, shield at side, holding globe and sceptre within hexastyle temple which has knobs as acroteria and wreath in pediment. Mintmark AQP.
References: RIC VI Aquileia 118.
Diameter: 25mm, Weight: 5.543g.
EB
EB0748_scaled.JPG
EB0748 Galerius / Carthago11 viewsGalerius as Caesar 293-305, AE Follis, Carthage 298-299.
Obverse: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right (large head type).
Reverse: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART, Carthage standing left with fruits in both hands. Mintmark (officina) Δ.
References: RIC VI Carthage 32b; Cohen 191; Sear 14411.
Diameter: 29mm, Weight: 7.697g.
EB
EB0749_scaled.JPG
EB0749 Galerius / Genio Populi14 viewsGalerius as Caesar 293-305, AE Follis, Rome 299 AD.
Obverse: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right.
Reverse: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, holding patera and cornucopiae. Mintmark Q star.
References: RIC VI Rome 95b.
Diameter: 29.5mm, Weight: 12.599g.
EB
EB0750_scaled.JPG
EB0750 Galerius / GENIO IMPERATORIS14 viewsGalerius 293-305, AE Follis, Alexandria 308-310 AD.
Obverse: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right, parallel wreath with rounded ends.
Reverse: GENIO IMPERATORIS, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae, K left, Δ over P right. Mintmark ALE.
References: RIC VI Alexandria 107a; Sear 14524.
Diameter: 25.5mm, Weight: 7.609g.
EB
EB0750_ring_scaled.JPG
EB0750b Galerius / GENIO IMPERATORIS10 viewsGalerius 293-305, AE Follis, Alexandria 308-310 AD.
Obverse: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right, parallel wreath with rounded ends.
Reverse: GENIO IMPERATORIS, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae, K left, Δ over P right. Mintmark ALE.
References: RIC VI Alexandria 107a; Sear 14524.
Diameter: 25.5mm, Weight: 7.609g.
Note: uploaded twice with different lighting.
EB
EB0751_scaled.JPG
EB0751 Galerius / Genio Populi10 viewsGalerius as Caesar 293-305, AE Follis, Alexandria 295-296 AD.
Obverse: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right.
Reverse: GENIO POPV-[L]-I ROMANI, Genius standing left, eagle at feet, modius on head, holding patera and cornucopiae. A in right field, mintmark ALE.
References: Cf. RIC VI 23b (star-B across fields), RIC 21b (head towered, Γ in right field).
Diameter: 26mm, Weight: 9.933g.
EB
EB0874_scaled.JPG
EB0874 Galerius / Africa10 viewsGalerius 305-311, AE Follis, Carthage circa 298 AD.
Obverse: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right.
Reverse: FELIX ADVENT AVGG N N, Africa standing facing, head left, in long drapery with elephant-skin headdress, holding standard and tusk, at feet to left, lion with captured bull, I to left. Mintmark PKΔ.
References: RIC VI Carthage 26b; Sear 14336.
Diameter: 27.5mm, Weight: 9.462g.
EB
EB0914_scaled.JPG
EB0914 Maximianus / Dikaiosyne3 viewsMaximianus Potin Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Year 1 = 286-287 AD.
Obverse: [A K MA OVA MAΞIMIANOC] CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: LA at top left, Dikaiosyne standing left wearing chiton and peplos, holding scales and cornucopiae.
References: Milne 4922.
Diameter: 19.5mm, Weight: 6.35g.
EB
EB0917_scaled.JPG
EB0917 Maximianus / Nike5 viewsMaximianus, billon tetradrachm of Alexandria, year 11 = 295-296.
Obverse: MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laurate bust right.
Reverse: Nike advancing right, holding wreath and palm-branch; in field, L-IA.
References: Dattari 5973.
Diameter: 19mm, Weight: 7.3g.
EB
Maximianus_Bi-Tetradrachm_Q-001_axis-0h_17,5-18mm_7,91g-s.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, 120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-6008, L/Є//--, Eagle standing left, looking back, #178 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-6008, L/Є//--, Eagle standing left, looking back, #1
avers: A K M OVA MAΞIMIANOC CЄB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle standing left, looking back, wreath in beak, star above left, L-Є (year 5).
exergue: L/Є//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 7,91g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 289-290 A.D., L-E, Year 5., ref: Geissen-, Dattari-6008, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.43-p-353,
Q-001
quadrans
Alexs_Bi-Tetradrachm_Q-001_axis-0h_18-20mm_8,17g-s.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, 120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3286, D-5875, L/B//--, Elpis (Hope) advancing left, #165 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3286, D-5875, L/B//--, Elpis (Hope) advancing left, #1
avers: A K M OVA MAΞIMIANOC CЄB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Elpis (Hope) advancing left, holding a flower and raising the hem of the skirt, L-B across the field.
exergue: L/B//--, diameter: 18-20mm, weight: 8,17g, axes:0 h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 286-287 A.D.,L-B year 2., ref: Geissen-3286, Dattari-5875, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.17-p-352,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus_Bi-Tetradrachm_Q-001_axis-2h_18-19mm_7,95g-s.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, 120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3298, D-6006-07, L/Δ//--, Eagle standing left, looking back, #180 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3298, D-6006-07, L/Δ//--, Eagle standing left, looking back, #1
avers: A K M OVA MAΞIMIANOC CЄB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle standing left, looking back, wreath in beak, star above left, L - Δ (year 4).
exergue: L/Δ//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 7,95g, axes: 2h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 288-289 A.D., L-Δ, Year 4., ref: Geissen-3298, Dattari-6006-07, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.31-p-352,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus_Bi-Tetradrachm_Q-001_axis-0h_18mm_6,48g-s.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, 120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3307, D-5989-91, L/Є//--, Tyche standing left, #166 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3307, D-5989-91, L/Є//--, Tyche standing left, #1
avers: A K M OVA MAΞIMIANOC CЄB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Tyche standing left holding rudder and cornucopiae, star to left, L-Є across the field.
exergue: L/Є//--, diameter: 18mm, weight:6,48 g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 289-290 A.D., Year 5 L-Є., ref: Geissen-3307, Dattari-5989-91, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.46-p-353,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus_Bi-Tetradrachm_Q-001_axis-11h_19,5mm_8,70g-s.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, 120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3324, D-5967,5969, L/Z//--, Nike advancing right, #181 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3324, D-5967,5969, L/Z//--, Nike advancing right, #1
avers: MAΞIMIANOC CЄB, Laureate head right.
reverse: Nike advancing right holding wreath and palm branch, L-Z across the field.
exergue: L/Z//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 9,07g, axis: 5h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date:290-291 A.D., L-Z Year 7., ref: Geissen-3324, Dattari-5967, 5969, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.64-p-354,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus_01.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 287/288, Maximianus, Nike39 viewsMaximianus
Egypt, Alexandria
Billon Tetradrachm
Obv.: A K M A OΥA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: L - Γ. (year 3, 287-288), Nike walking right, wreath in right, palm over shoulder.
Billon, 7.31g, 18.6m
Ref.: Geissen 3295, Kampmann/Ganschow 120.29
Ex Pecunem 10, Group Lot 869
shanxi
Maximianus_04.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 288/289, Maximianus, Alexandria, Serapis12 viewsMaximianus
Egypt, Alexandria
Billon Tetradrachm
Obv.: AKMA OVA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate bust right.
Rev.: L - Δ (year 4, 288/289) Alexandria standing facing, head left, holding bust of Serapis and sceptre.
Billon, 8.23g, 20mm
Ref.: Dattari 5933, Kampmann/Ganschow 120.33
shanxi
Maximianus_03.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 291/292, Maximianus, Elpis13 viewsMaximianus
Egypt, Alexandria
Billon Tetradrachm
Obv.: MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: L -Z (year 7, 291-292), Elpis advancing left, holding flower
Billon, 7.51g, 18.8mm
Ref.: Geissen 3316, Kampmann/Ganschow 120.56
shanxi
alexandria_maximianus_Milne_4802.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, Maximianus, Milne 48024 viewsMaximianus, AD 285-286, 305-308, 310
AE - Tetradrachm, 10.45g, 19.35mm, 0°
Alexndria, AD 285/86 (RY 1)
obv. A K M OVA MAZIMIANOC CEBA
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. Homonoia, in long garment and mantle, stg. frontal, head l., holding in l. arm double cornucopiae and has raised r.
hand in greeting attitude
in l. and r. field L - S (RY 1)
ref. Milne 4802; Geissen 3280; Dattari 5923/4
scarce, VF, attractive

Jochen
alexandria_maximianus_Milne5066~0.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, Maximianus, Milne 506640 viewsMaximianus, AD 285/286, 305-308, 310
AE - tetradrachm, 8.93g, 21mm
Alexandria, 2nd officina, AD 292/293 (year 8)
obv. MAXIMIANVS CEB
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. Eirene (Pax), nude to hips, stg. facing, head l., holding puff of garment over l. arm,
holding olive-brach in outstretched r. hand and sceptre in l. arm
in field l. and r. L - H (year 8)
in ex. B (2nd officina)
Ref.: Milne 5066; Geissen 3327; Dattari 5867; SNG Copenhagen 1051
VF
Pedigree:
ex Gebr. Egger, Vienna, AD c.1910-1920
1 commentsJochen
faustaAE3-.jpg
FAUSTA AE3 AD32619 viewsobv: FL.AV.MAX.FAVSTA.AVG (draped bust right with pearl necklace)
rev: SPES.REIPVBLICAE / SMHЄ (Spes standing facing, looking left, head veiled, holding two children in her arms)
ref: RIC VIII-Heraclea80a (R4), C.15
2.98g, 19mm
Very rare
Flavia Maximilla Fausta was the wife of Constantine I and daughter of Maximianus. She was assassinated by the order of Constantine I in 326 AD.
berserker
FAUSTA-2.jpg
Fausta, wife of Constantine I, daughter of Maximian. Augusta, 324-326 CE.173 viewsReduced Follis Æ 3 (19 mm, 2.92 gm), Siscia mint, 326-7 CE.
Obv: FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, draped bust right, her hair tied in bun on back of head.
Rev: SPES REI-PVBLICAE, Empress standing facing, head left, holding two infants, (Constantine II and Constantius II); .BSIS. in exergue.
RIC 205; Sear 3905 var.
EmpressCollector
U809F1KHTHNLYB.jpg
Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus, AE Follis.49 viewsGAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right

CONCORDIA MILITVM, Galerius standing, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing

Minted in Cyzicus (KA). A.D. 295 -299

RIC VI Cyzicus 19 (Rated Scarce).

Ex M Griffiths, photo M Griffiths.
GaiusCaligula
Sans_titre_2.JPG
Galère17 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOB C
buste radié à droite, drapé et cuirassé.
VOT.X M.XX
D
PTR
Victoire marchant à gauche sur un globe, tenant une couronne et une palme
Estiot-Zanchi 52
RIC 306/703
Cahn 80
1ere émission de l'atelier de Trèves (mi-fin 293)
PYL
galère_-_claritas_2.JPG
Galère13 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
buste radié à droite, drapé et cuirassé.
CLARITAS AVGG
Sol radié debout à gauche, vêtu d'une chlamyde, main droite levée saluant l'Ouest et tenant de l'autre main un globe, à ses pieds à gauche, un captif assis (la nuit ?), mains liées derrière le dos, tête retournée vers le dieu.
PTR
Estiot-Zanchi 72
RIC ...
Cahn 15
2e émission de l'atelier de Trèves (début 294)
PYL
galere_22.JPG
Galère - 146b14 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
TR
RIC 146b (première Tétrarchie - 1ere émission - 294)
ZSCHUCKE 1d (1ere émission - 294/295)
PYL
galere_21.JPG
Galère - 158b9 views
MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
C
TR
RIC 158b (première Tétrarchie - 2e émission - 295)
ZSCHUCKE 10d (2e émission - 295)
PYL
Galere_18.jpg
Galère - 2098 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOBIL C
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
C Γ
TR
RIC 209 (première Tétrarchie - 3e émission - 296/297)
ZSCHUCKE 45d (3e émission - 295/297)
PYL
Galere_3.jpg
Galère - 213b6 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
B Γ
TR
RIC 213b (première Tétrarchie - 3e émission - 296/297)
ZSCHUCKE 16d (3e émission - 295/297)
PYL
Galere_7.jpg
Galère - 213b7 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
A Γ
TR
RIC 213b (première Tétrarchie - 3e émission - 296/297)
ZSCHUCKE 16d (3e émission - 295/297)
PYL
galere.JPG
Galère - 213b8 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
C Γ
TR
RIC 213b (première Tétrarchie - 3e émission - 296/297)
ZSCHUCKE 16d (3e émission - 295/297)
PYL
Galere_9.jpg
Galère - 214b11 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
H
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
B Γ
TR
RIC 214b (première Tétrarchie - 3e émission - 296/297)
ZSCHUCKE 29d (3e émission - 295/297)
PYL
Galere_19_bis.JPG
Galère - 226b14 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOB C
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
A Γ
TR
RIC 226b (première Tétrarchie - 3e émission - 296/297)
ZSCHUCKE 53d (3e émission - 295/297)
PYL
Galere_10_bis.JPG
Galère - 343b7 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOBIL CAES
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
B *
TR
RIC 343b (première Tétrarchie - 4e émission - 298/299)
ZSCHUCKE 65d (5e émission - 297/300)
PYL
Galere_1.jpg
Galère - 348b7 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOBIL C
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
A *
TR
RIC 348b (première Tétrarchie - 4e émission - 298/299)
ZSCHUCKE 67d (5e émission - 297/300)
PYL
Galere_14.jpg
Galère - 4319 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOBIL CAES
MONETA SACRA AVGG ET CAESS NN
*
ATR
RIC 431 (première Tétrarchie - 5e émission - 300/301)
ZSCHUCKE 198d (6e émission - 301)
PYL
Galere_6.jpg
Galère - 4519 viewsGAL VAL MAXIMIANVS N C
MONETA S AVGG ET CAESS NN
*
BTR
RIC 451 (première Tétrarchie - 5e émission - 300/301)
ZSCHUCKE 271d (8e émission - 302)
PYL
Galere_17.jpg
Galère - 488b9 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
M SACRA AVGG ET CAESS NN
*
ATR
RIC 488b (première Tétrarchie - 5e émission - 300/301)
ZSCHUCKE 237d (7e émission - 301/302)
PYL
Galere_2.jpg
Galère - 527b7 viewsGAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
S F
IITR
RIC 527b (première Tétrarchie - 8e émission - 302/303)
ZSCHUCKE 300d (10e émission - 302/303)
PYL
Galere_16_bis.JPG
Galère - 558b9 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOBIL C
MONETA . S . AVGG ET CAESS NN
S F
ITR
RIC 558b (première Tétrarchie - 8e émission - 302/303)
ZSCHUCKE 314d (10e émission - 302/303)
PYL
Galere_11.jpg
Galère - 594b11 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOBIL C
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
S F
PTR
RIC 594b (première Tétrarchie - 9e émission - 303/mai 305)
ZSCHUCKE 298d (10e émission - 302/303)
PYL
Galere_15.jpg
Galère - 594b8 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOBIL C
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
S F
PTR
RIC 594b (première Tétrarchie - 9e émission - 303/mai 305)
ZSCHUCKE 298d (10e émission - 302/303)
PYL
Galere_5.jpg
Galère - 602b6 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOB C
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
S F
PTR
RIC 602b (première Tétrarchie - 9e émission - 303/mai 305)
ZSCHUCKE 336d (12e émission - janvier 304/avril 305)
PYL
Galere_13.jpg
Galère - 602b10 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOB C
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
S F
PTR
RIC 602b (première Tétrarchie - 9e émission - 303/mai 305)
ZSCHUCKE 299d (10e émission - 302/303)
PYL
coins233.JPG
Galerius13 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI
RIC VI Trier 158b C

Check
ecoli
Galerius.jpg
Galerius32 viewsAE Follis
Obv: GAL VL MAXIMIANVS NOB C
Rev: VOT / X / FK ; legend in wreath

RIC 35b
Tanit
Maximianvs.jpg
Galerius50 viewsGAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
laureate head right

GENIO AVGVSTI
Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopiae
star left B right SMSD in exe

Ric 35
Serdica 305 AD
1 commentsTitus Pullo
00345-Galerius.JPG
Galerius19 viewsGalerius Follis
21 mm 3.1 gm
O: GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Laureate head right
R: GENIO IMPERATORIS
Genius Standling Left
John Campbell
100_5517.JPG
Galerius40 viewsGalerius AE Follis. 311 AD. GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, llaureate head right / GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius pouring libation from patera, S to left, three vertical dots in right field, MKV in ex. ric 651 commentsRandygeki(h2)
100_5517~0.JPG
Galerius100 viewsGalerius AE Follis. 311 AD. GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, llaureate head right / GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius pouring libation from patera, S to left, three vertical dots in right field, MKV in ex. ric 65 Cyzicus3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
19576.jpg
Galerius13 viewsGALERIUS, as Caesar. 293-305 AD. Æ Follis (27mm - 8.66 g). Ticinum mint. Struck 298-9 AD. MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right / GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia; *//PT•. RIC VI 35b.1 commentsTLP
maximianus5.jpg
GALERIUS19 viewsAE follis. 302-303 AD. Rome,4th officina. 30mm, 10.29 gr, 12h. Laureate head right. MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES. / Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae. Star in field. SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS N N. In exergue RQ. RIC VI 106b benito
00galerius2.jpg
GALERIUS15 viewsAE follis. Treveri 303-305 AD. 9,90 grs. 6h. Laureate and cuirassed bust right . MAXIMIANVS NOB C. / Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia. GENIO POPULI ROMANI. SF in fields. In exergue PTR.
RIC VI 602b.
benito
00galeriusmoneta.jpg
GALERIUS24 viewsAE follis. 302-303 AD. Rome,4th officina. 30mm, 10.29 gr, 12h. Laureate head right. MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES. / Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae. Star in field. SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS N N. In exergue RQ. RIC VI 106b benito
00galerius2~0.jpg
GALERIUS46 viewsAE follis. Treveri 303-305 AD. 9,90 grs. 6h. Laureate and cuirassed bust right . MAXIMIANVS NOB C. / Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia. GENIO POPULI ROMANI. SF in fields. In exergue PTR.
RIC VI 602b.
benito
lklklkpp.JPG
Galerius18 viewsGalerius, 305-311 AD, AE Follis, Obv: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius with Q* below. Sear 3708.
Molinari
Galerius.jpg
Galerius81 viewsIMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
laureate head right

SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN
R wreath S in ex.
Moneta standing left with scales and cornucopiae

9.32g
30 mm
EF
Scarce
Rome 306 AD
Rome RIC VI 132b
See notes below

This is the Wildwinds example! Thanks Dane.

Notes: RIC lists these types as being produced in two periods,
the second period (coins are identical in all respects) being struck in Autumn 306, and also listed as RIC 158a and
159a.
2 commentsJay GT4
1452181_647023925334522_1266992174_n.jpg
Galerius17 viewsGalerius, as Caesar, AE Post-Reform Radiate Fraction. 297-298 AD. MAXIMIANVS NOB C draped & curiassed bust right, VOT XX & officina letter [?] within laurel wreath. Cohen 247. Rome RIC VI 87b Randygeki(h2)
00377q00.jpg
Galerius9 viewsAE-Quinarius
MAXIMIANVS NO C; Laureate and cuirassed bust to right.
VIRTVS AVGG; Emperor on horseback galloping right, sparing enemy.
Ex:-
Siscia
RIC -; King 10var. (bust and obverse legend)
Julianus of Pannonia
00321q00.jpg
Galerius7 viewsAE-Antoninianus
GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.
PRINCIPI IVVENTVT; Galerius stg. right, holding spear and globe.
Ex: XXIT
Ticinum
RIC 715
Julianus of Pannonia
00313q00.jpg
Galerius5 viewsAE-Antoninianus
GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.
VIRTVS AVGG; Hercules stg. right, supporting on club and holding bow and lion skin.
Ex: III
Lugdunum
RIC
Julianus of Pannonia
00312q00.jpg
Galerius5 viewsAE-Antoninianus
MAXIMIANVS NOB C; Radiate, cuirassed and draped bust right.
VIRTVS AVGG; Virtus standing left, right hand resting on shield, left holding spear.
Ex: B
Lugdunum
RIC 692; B.657 pl. LXVI (9 ex.)
Julianus of Pannonia
00323q00.jpg
Galerius6 viewsAE-Antoninianus
MAXIMIANVS NOB C; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.
ORIENS AVGG; Sol stg. left raising arm and holding globe, at feet two prisoners.
Ex: B
Lugdunum
RIC
Julianus of Pannonia
00378q00.jpg
Galerius6 viewsAe-Quinarius
MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES; Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
PRINCIP IVVENTVT; Emperor standing r., holding spear and globe
Rome
RIC 710; King: 418/53
Julianus of Pannonia
galerius_1.JPG
Galerius (293-311 AD)19 viewsFollis (308-310 AD)
Obv. GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Rev. GENIO A-VGVSTI
*A/SMdotTS
mint: Thessalonica
RIC VI Thessalonica 30a
Misak33
GALERIUS-1.jpg
Galerius RIC VI 429 viewsObv: GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
laureate head right
Rev: GENIO AVGVSTI
Genius standing left with
patera & cornucopiae
A left
MKV in ex.
27mm 6.9gm
OWL365
Galerius_(293-305_as_caesar)_radiatus_(AE).png
Galerius (293-305 as caesar) radiatus (AE)11 viewsObv.: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES (Emperor with radiate crown) Rev.: CONCORDIA MILITVM (Galerius receiving Victoria on globe from Jupiter) Field: KA Diameter: 21 mm weight: 2,33 g RIC VI 18b, A

Lactantius' De Mortibus Persecutorum provides a gruesome account of Galerius' death, who apparently had some sort of gangrenous affliction. On his deathbed, though having been a ruthless persecutor, he asked the Christians to pray for his health and even issued an edict that provided freedom of religion (before the Edict of Milan by Licinius and Constantine in 313). The condition of this coin reflects Galerius' general physical state at time of his death.
Nick.vdw
galer.jpg
Galerius (305 - 311 A.D.)80 viewsÆ(S) Follis
O: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
R: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia, SIS in exergue, star in left field, B in right field.
Siscia 301 A.D.
10.08g
28mm
RIC VI 135b Siscia
5 commentsMat
max_7.jpg
Galerius (305 - 311 A.D.)46 viewsEgypt, Alexandria
Potin Tetradrachm
O: GAL MAXIMIANOC K; Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
R: Nike advancing right, holding wreath and palm. L - Γ across fields.
Alexandria mint, AD 294/295
22mm
8.15g
Emmett 4230(3)a, Dattari 6150

Scarce

Published on Wildwinds
1 commentsMat
TC-04.jpg
Galerius (A.D. 305-311)18 viewsAE Follis, A.D. 308-309, Antioch, 25.7mm, 6.83g, 180°, RIC VI 112a.
Obv: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG. Laureate head right.
Rev: GENIO IMPERATORIS. Genius standing left, patera in right, cornucopia in left; O/H in field, ANT• in ex.
Joseph D5
galerius follis~0.jpg
GALERIUS (as Caesar) AE follis - 300-303 AD22 viewsobv:MAXIMIANVS.NOB.CAES (laureate head right, smaller portrait-head)
rev:SACRA.MONET.AVGG.-ET.CAESS.NOSTR (Moneta standing left holding scales & cornucopiae) / PT°
ref:RIC VI-Ticinum44b
9.16gms, 27mm
berserker
00781.jpg
Galerius (RIC 105a, Coin #781)9 viewsRIC 105a, AE Follis, Alexandria, 308 - 310 AD
OBV: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
REV: GENIO IMPERATORIS (ALE), Genius standing left, cornucopia in left hand, pouring libations from patera in right, K left, delta / P right.
SIZE: 26.4mm, 6.30g
MaynardGee
00092.jpg
Galerius (RIC 169b, Coin #92)14 viewsRIC 169b, Quarter Follis, Siscia, 305-306 AD.
Obv: MAXIMIANVS AVG Laureate head right.
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (SIS) Genius standing left holding patera in right, cornucopia in left.
Size: 18.5mm 2.14gm
MaynardGee
00214.jpg
Galerius (RIC 26b, Coin #214)12 viewsRIC 26b (C), AE Follis, Aquileia, 297-298 AD.
Obv: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES Laureate head right.
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (AQ gamma) Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera in right hand, cornucopiae in left.
Size: 27.9mm 11.08gm
MaynardGee
00469.jpg
Galerius (RIC 54a, Coin #469)14 viewsRIC 54a, AE Follis, Nicomedia, 308 - 310 AD.
Obv: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG Laureate head right.
Rev: GENIO AVGVSTI CMH (SMNA) Genius standing right, patera in right and cornucopiae in left.
Size: 26.5mm 6.30gm
MaynardGee
00190.jpg
Galerius (RIC 55b, Coin #190)13 viewsRIC 55b, AE Follis, Antioch, 300-301 AD.
Obv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES Laureate head right.
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (ANT) Genius standing left holding cornucopia and pouring libation from patera, K in left field, G and V in right field.
Size: 22.4mm 9.82gm
MaynardGee
00359.jpg
Galerius (RIC 59b, Coin #359)15 viewsRIC 59b, AE Follis, Antioch, 304-305 AD.
Obv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES Laureate head right.
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (ANT•) Genius standing left holding cornucopia and pouring libation from patera, gamma right.
Size: 27.6mm 10.54gm
MaynardGee
00312.jpg
Galerius (RIC 98b, Coin #312)11 viewsRIC 98b (C), AE Follis, Siscia, 296 AD.
Obv: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES Laureate head right.
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (*SIS) Genius standing left holding cornucopia and pouring libation from patera. Gamma right.
Size: 27.4mm 10.56gm
MaynardGee
135_Galerius_Heraclea.jpg
Galerius - AE follis7 viewsHeraclea
308-309 AD
laureate head right
IMP GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Genius standing left, pouring out patera and holding cornucopia
GENIO IMP_E_RATORIS
·HTA·
RIC VI Heraclea 37a
8,43 g 25 mm
Johny SYSEL
390_Galerius_Siscia.jpg
Galerius - AE follis6 viewsSiscia
309-311 AD
laureate head right
IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Genius standing left, wearing chalmys, holding cornucopia, pouring libations from patera
GENIO A_VGVSTI
crescent _A
SIS
RIC VI Siscia 198a/207a
5,84g
Johny SYSEL
898_Galerius_Antioch~0.jpg
Galerius - AE follis5 viewsAntioch
299-300 AD
laureate head right
GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
Genius standing left, wearing modius and chalmys, pouring libations from patera, holding cornucopia
GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI
Γ
ANT
RIC VI Antioch 53b
ex Gitbud Naumann
Johny SYSEL
853_Galerius_Carthage.jpg
Galerius - AE post-reform radiate6 viewsCarthage
303 AD
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind
GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C
VOT / X / F K
within wreath
RIC VI Carthage 36
ex Lucernae

scarce
Johny SYSEL
Galerius_40b.jpg
Galerius - AE reduced antoninianus24 viewsTicinum
299 AD
radiate, cuirassed bust right
GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C
VOT / . / X / T - within wreath
RIC VI Ticinum 39b
3,73 g 21,5-19,5 mm
Johny SYSEL
Galerius_Antioch-.jpg
Galerius - follis16 viewsAntioch
304-305 AD
laureate head right
GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
Genius standing left, wearing modius and chalmys, pouring libations from patera, holding cornucopia
GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI •
Z
ANT
RIC VI Antioch 59b
ex Gitbud Naumann
Johny SYSEL
Galerius RIC 9b.jpg
Galerius - follis RIC 9b17 viewsAE Follis, RIC 9b, 10.78g; minted in Cyzicus, 295-296 A.D.; obverse: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse: GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM N N, Genius standing left, holding patera & cornucopiae, KG(Gamma) in ex.Priscian
GAlerius1.jpg
Galerius - RIC VI 4a63 viewsTicinum 300-303 AD.
Galerius, as Caesar, AE Follis.
MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES Laureate head right /
SACRA MONETA AVGG ET CAESS NOSTRA, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopiae,
PT• in ex.
2 commentsxokleng
galerius-cartago.jpg
Galerius -RIC VI 36.13 viewsCarthago - 303 AD.
23 mm, 3.4 g.
GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C
VOT/X/FK
xokleng
galerius_genio_1.png
Galerius 2.01.01413 viewsGalerius Maximian
Obv C VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C
(R. laur. cuir)
Rev GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
(Genius stg l holding patera and cornucopiae)
No mint mark
RIC VI 14b LMCC 2.01.014 (R)
9.7g
Noviomagus
galerius_genio_2.png
Galerius 2.01.01521 viewsGalerius Maximian
Obv MAXIMIANVS NOB C
(R. laur. cuir)
Rev GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
(Genius stg l holding patera and cornucopiae)
No mint mark
London
RIC VI 15 LMCC 2.01.015 (C)
8.5g
1 commentsNoviomagus
Galerius_12S[1].jpg
Galerius 293-305 C.E. as Caesar - Antoninianus 12 viewsGalerius, AE radiate fraction, Heraclea, 295-296 C.E.
Obverse - GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES. Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Reverse - CONCORDIA MIL ITVM. Emperor, standing right, receiving victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding scepter.
H gamma in lower center
NORMAN K
galerius_genio_1~0.png
Galerius 3.01.03112 viewsGalerius Maximian
Obv MAXIMIANVS NOBIL C
(R. laur. dr.cuir)
Rev GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
(Genius stg l holding patera and cornucopiae)
No mint mark
London
RIC VI 33 LMCC 3.01.031 (C)
9.4g
Noviomagus
galerius__genio_3.png
Galerius 5.01.00215 viewsGalerius Maximian (as Augustus)
Obv IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
(R. laur. cuir)
Rev GENIO POP ROM
(Genius stg l holding patera and cornucopiae)
PLN in ex
London 8.26g
RIC VI 84 & 86 LMCC 5.01.002 (S)
(When Maximian Galerius was Caesar, it was easy to distinguish him from Maximian Herculius, as he was given the rank of Caesar on coins and Maximian Herculius was referred to as Augustus. During this time (perhaps towards the end of 307 AD) they were both Augustus. Maximianus Galerius is afforded a more modest legend of IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, whereas Maximian Herculius is given the grander legend of DN MAXIMIANO PFS AVG.)
Noviomagus
galerius_genio.png
Galerius 5.02.00117 viewsGalerius Maximian
Obv IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
(R, laur, cuir)
Rev GENIO POP ROM
(Genius stg left, right hand holding patera, left cornucopiae)
No mintmark
London
RIC VI 78
LMCC 5.02.001 (R)
6.52g
Noviomagus
Galerius1106.jpg
Galerius AE Follis21 viewsGalerius AE Follis
AD 308-309
Ob: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right
Rv: GENIO IMP-E-RATORIS, Genius standing left pouring liquid from patera & holding cornucopaie
Ex: HTdelta
Heraclea
RIC 37a (?)
Scotvs Capitis
roman20.jpg
Galerius AE Follis13 views302-303 AD. Trier mint.
Obv.: MAXIMIANVS NOBIL C - Laureate and cuirassed bust of Galerius.
Rev.: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI - Genius holding patera and cornucopiae. ITR in ex., S F in fields.
RIC 530b.
Minos
roman34.jpg
Galerius AE Follis35 views298-299 AD. Carthage mint.
Obv.: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES - Laureate head of Galerius.
Rev.: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART - Carthage holding fruits in each hands. Delta in ex..
RIC 32b.
Minos
076.jpg
Galerius AE Follis58 viewsRIC VI 42 Cyzicus, 308-309 A.D.
6.46 g, 26 mm
GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
GENIO A-VGVSTI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiaee.
B in left field. MKV in exergue
2 commentsMark Z2
Galerius_2.jpg
GALERIUS AE Follis15 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right
REVERSE: GENIO AVGVSTI CMH, Genius standing left, modius on head, chlamys over shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae, SMNA in ex
Struck at Nicomedia 295 AD
7.6g, 26mm
RIC VI 54a, A
Legatus
Galerius_3.jpg
GALERIUS AE Follis8 viewsOBVERSE: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right
REVERSE: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left, TT. in ex.
Struck at Ticinum 300-3 AD
12.3g, 27mm
RIC 46b
Legatus
galerius-genius-07-02-2018.jpg
Galerius AE Follis (302-303 AD), Trier mint10 viewsRoman Imperial, Galerius AE Follis (302-303 AD), Trier mint

Obverse: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Laureate bust right.

Reverse: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, head towered, naked but for chlamys over shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae, A left field. Mintmark LITR.

Reference: RIC VI Trier 535b

Ex: Sphinx Numismatics
Gil-galad
galerius RIC81a.jpg
GALERIUS AE follis - 305-306 AD - struck by Severus II30 viewsobv: IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG (helmeted, laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield)
rev: VIRTVS AVGG ET CAESS NN / AQS (Galerius riding horse right, spearing barbarian; second barbarian lying down [Augustorum et Caesarum Nostrorum])
ref: Aquilea RIC 81a (S), C.616 (5frcs)
mint: Aquilea
11.61gms, 28mm
When Severus II was appointed Caesar in 305, the Aquilea mint passed to his control, and the Moneta theme was replaced by openly military themes, foreshadowing the impending conflict with Maxentius.
berserker
galerius-genius-cyzicus-65.jpg
Galerius AE Follis, (311 AD) Cyzicus mint9 viewsRoman Imperial, Galerius AE Follis, (311 AD), Cyzicus mint

Obverse: GAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.

Reverse: GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae, B to left, three dots vertically in right field. Mintmark MKV.

Reference: RIC VI Cyzicus 65
Gil-galad
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Galerius AE Follis, Nicomedia mint, 305-311 AD18 viewsRoman Imperial, Galerius AE Follis, Nicomedia mint, 305-311 AD, 5.7g, 27.45mm

Obverse: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.

Reverse: GENIO AVGVSTI CMH, Genius standing left, holding cornucopiae and patera, SMNA or SMNΔ in ex. RIC 54a of Nicomedia, Cohen 42. Note: RIC 54a/66a for officinae A and Δ are identical. Only coins from officinae B, Γ, Ɛ and ς were struck later.

Reference: RIC VI Nicomedia 54a/66a
Gil-galad
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Galerius AE Post-reform Radiate16 viewsGalerius (as Caesar). 293-305 AD as Caesar. 305-311 AD as Augustus.

Antioch. 296 AD.

20mm., 2.52g.

GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES. Bust of Galerius, radiate, draped, cuirassed, right

CONCORDIA MIL-ITVM. Galerius, draped, cuirassed, standing right, receiving small Victory on globe from Jupiter; Jupiter, standing left, leaning on sceptre with left hand. Officina Mark: Γ, star above. Mintmark ANT

Reference: RIC VI Antioch 61b

AAEF
1 commentsRL
Galerius.png
Galerius Antoninianus29 viewsGalerius Antoninianus
295-296 AD.

Obverse:
GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
Bust Radiate, draped, cuirassed, right.

Reverse:
CONCORDIA MILITVM
Emperor, standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter.
2 commentsHarry G
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Galerius as Caesar14 viewsObv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right
Rev: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left holding cornucopia in left and pouring libations from patera in right, G right, TS in ex
Size: 9.576g, 27.6mm Mint: Thessalonica, 1 March302-303 AD
Id: Silvered Follis RIC VI24b
Notes: Ex-Forum
ickster
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Galerius as Caesar, AD 293-30523 viewsAE Follis, 27mm, 10.3g, 12h; Trier mint, AD 295
Obv.: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES; Laureate head right.
Rev.: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI; Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopia; A in left field // TR
Ref.: RIC VI Treveri 158b, p. 180. 16-195-55
1 commentsJohn Anthony
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Galerius as Caesar, Trier mint12 viewsGalerius as Caesar
Reigned as Caesar 293-305
Trier Mint

O: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate bust right

R: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius naked with chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae, B in left field, gamma in right, TR mintmark in exergue



RIC VI Trier 213b
Gao
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Galerius Concordia Militum34 viewsGalerius, AD 295 - 299, AE Post Reform Fractional Radiate, RIC VI Cyzicus 19B, SEAR 3713
OBV: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
REV: CONCORDIA MILITVM - Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Galerius.  Exe: above the line KB

SCARCE
Romanorvm
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Galerius Concordia Militum Ӕ post-reform radiate fraction (295 - 299), Cyzicus mint6 viewsGAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped (?) and cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA MI-LITVM + KB in lower centre, Prince (the left figure) standing right in military dress, holding parazonium or baton of imperium, receiving small Victory with a wreath and palm branch on globe from naked Jupiter (the right figure) standing left holding tall scepter.

Ӕ, 20mm, 2.36g, die axis 6h, base metal seems red, high copper content.

Galerius ruled as Caesar from 293 to 305, but most sources give minting years for this type of coin as 295-299.

RIC VI Cyzicus 19b (18b?), Sear 3713. 19b has cuirassed and draped bust, 18b -- only cuirassed. I think the edge of the military cape on the shoulder means it is draped in this case, but distinction seems very vague to me. Looking at coins identified as 18b and 19b I cannot see any clear pattern, it seems that many are confused in this respect just like myself.

GALerius VALerius MAXIMIANUS NOBilitas CAESar (in this era the title of "junior" emperor while Augustus was a "senior" one), CONCORDIA MILITVM = [Dedicated to] harmony with the soldiers, K = Kysikos (Cyzicus) mint, B = officina Beta (workshop #2). The figure to the right is naked except for a cape, so it is a god, the sceptre points to him being Jupiter, the ruler of gods. Jupiter is also typically associated with Victory, he was often depicted with Victory in the right hand and sceptre in the left. The line across his head probably designates a wreath, also a common feature of Jupiter. Victory holds her common attributes, the triumphal wreath and a palm branch, the orb she stands on represents the world (thus meaning dominion over it). Round Earth was a firmly established concept in Roman times. The left figure, the prince (Galerius in this case) is identified by his full battle dress and the hand-held short elongated shape, which is either the ivory baton of imperium (the high command) or, more likely, a parazonium, a long triangular dagger, typically cradled in the bearer's left arm. A Roman parazonium blade tended to be leaf shape and approximately 15"-19" long. It was a ceremonial weapon, a mark of high rank, used to rally the troops.

GALERIUS, * c. 250, near Serdica, Dacia Ripensis (Sofia, Bulgaria) or in a Dacian place later called Felix Romuliana (Gamzigrad, Serbia) † late Apr or early May 311 (aged ~60), Serdica, Dacia Ripensis (Sofia, Bulgaria) ‡ 1 Mar or 21 May 293 – 1 May 305 (as Eastern Caesar, under Diocletian), 1 May 305 – late Apr or early May 311 (as Eastern Augustus with many co-emperors).

Galerius was born of humble paren