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Search results - "Manuel"
bizantina_1,6_gr___15mm.JPG
33 viewsManuel I. AE Tetarteron. Thessalonica mint. QGE to left, P-over-w GIOS (or O GEORGIOC) to left or QGE to left, WGIOC to right of bust facing of St. George, unbearded, nimbate, wearing tunic, cuirasse and cloak, holding spear and shield / MANVHL DECPOTH (or MANOVHL DEC), crowned, unbearded bust facing of Manuel, wearing loros, holding labarum and cross on globe. SB 1975, BMC 75-77.
1,6 gr. 15mm.
Antonivs Protti
bizantina_1,0_gr__11_mm.JPG
43 viewsManuel I, Comnenus. 1143-1180 AD. AE 1/2 Tetarteron, Greek Mint, 1.2 grams. AE14. (As SB1975 but much smaller). P-over-w GIOC to left of bust facing of St. George, unbearded, nimbate, wearing tunic, cuirass and cloak, holding spear and shield / MANVHL DECPOTH (or MANOVHL DEC), crowned, unbearded bust facing of Manuel, wearing loros, holding labarum and cross on globe. SB 1980, BMC 78.
1.0 gr. 11mm.
Antonivs Protti
bizantina_2,3_gr__18_mm.JPG
26 viewsManuel I, AE Tetarteron, 1143-1180 AD, Thessalonica. MANVHL DECPOTH, Manuel, crowned and wearing loros, bust facing, holding labarum and cross on globe / barred IC - barred XC to left and right of cross with X at centre, on three steps. SB 1976, BMC 86-90. SB 1976
2,3 gr. 18 mm.
Antonivs Protti
bizantina_2,2_gr__16_mm.JPG
24 viewsManuel I. AE Tetarteron. Thessalonica mint. QGE to left, P-over-w GIOS (or O GEORGIOC) to left or QGE to left, WGIOC to right of bust facing of St. George, unbearded, nimbate, wearing tunic, cuirasse and cloak, holding spear and shield / MANVHL DECPOTH (or MANOVHL DEC), crowned, unbearded bust facing of Manuel, wearing loros, holding labarum and cross on globe. SB 1975, BMC 75-77.
2,2 gr. 16mm.
Antonivs Protti
Italien_Vittorio_Emanuele_III_1_Lira_1913_R_Rom_Quadriga_Silber.jpg
10 views
Italien

Vittorio Emanuele III. 1900-1946

1 Lira

1913 R

Münzstätte: Rom

Vs.: Brustbild n. r.

Rs.: Geflügelte Italia mit Kranz auf Quadriga

Erhaltung: Sehr schön

Metall: 0.835 Silber

23 mm, 4,95 g _1795
Antonivs Protti
Sear-1966.jpg
28 viewsManuel I Comnenus. 1143-1180. BI Aspron Trachy (30mm, 2.62 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 1167-1183(?). Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing; star to either side / Manuel standing facing, wearing loros, being crowned by the Theotokos (Virgin Mary) standing left. DOC 13d; SB 1966Quant.Geek
sear_1981.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus AE half tetarteron 37 viewsReverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOTH or similar Manuel bearded facing wearing crown and miltary attire and holding cruciform sceotre and gl. cr.
Mint: Unk greek mint
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1981 H. 18.5-6 (as Sear 1978 but smaller)
14mm 1.86
wileyc
sb1964_clipped_18mm_165gjpg.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196416 viewsObverse: The Virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphrium, she holds nimbate head of the infant Christ facing; to l. MP to r. Theta V.
Reverse: MANUHA AECIIOTHC or similar, Manuel stg. facing wearing crown, divitision and chlamys and holding labarum (one dots= on shaft) and globus surmounted by patriarchal cross.
Mint: Constantinople Third metropolitan coinage Variation B
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1964 DO 15.5-10
18mm 1.65 gm
wileyc
sear1966clipped.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196666 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.


During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Antvwala
wileyc
Manuel_I_SBCV_1975(Brockage).JPG
Manuel I, SBCV 197520 viewsFull Brockage
MANγHΛ ΔECΠOT
Facing bust wearing crown and loros, holding labarum and globus cruciger
Constantinople
AE tetarteron, 23mm, 4.85g
novacystis
man_ii_comn_trachy.jpg
(1143) MANUEL I COMNENUS34 views 1143-1180 AD
Billon Aspron Trachy 28 mm 3.39 g
Obv. Christ seated facing on throne without back
Rev. The Virgin, nimbate (on right) standing, crowing Manuel, standing facing
laney
manuel_george_blk.jpg
(1143) MANUEL I COMNENUS18 views1143-1180 AD
AE 16 mm, 1.96 g
Facing bust of Manuel I holding labarum in right hand and globus cruciger in left
Facing bust of St.George, nimbate, holding shield and spear
laney
manuel_I_tetarteron.jpg
(1143) MANUEL I, COMNENUS34 views8 April 1143 - 24 September 1180 A.D.
AE TETRATERON 20 mm 3.19 g
O: CROSS WITH X AT CENTER STANDING ON 3 STEPS, IC TO L, XC TO R
R: MANMHΛ ΔεCΠOTH (or similar)
HALF LENGTH FIGURE OF MANUEL I FACING, WEARING LOROS AND CROWN AND HODING LABARUM AND BLOBUS CRUCIGER
THESSALONICA
SBCV 1976?
laney
053_Manuel_I.JPG
053. Manuel I, 1143-1180. BI Trachy.54 viewsObv. Mary facing
Rev. Manuel standing.
S1964
LordBest
ManISB1980.jpg
1143-1180 AD - Manuel I - Sear 1980 - Half Tetarteron37 viewsProbable Emperor: Manuel I (r. 1143-1180 AD)
Date: 1143-1180 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Half Tetarteron

Obverse: to left, /Γ/E; to right, /ΓI/O/S (or similar)
Bust of St. George facing, beardless, wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass and sagion, and holding spear and shield.

Reverse: MANHΛ ΔECΠOT (or similar)
Bust facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding labarum and globus cruciger.

Uncertain Greek mint
Sear 1980; DOC 23
2.32g, 16.1mm; 180°
Pep
ManISear1966.jpg
1143-1180 AD - Manuel I Comnenus - Sear 1966 - Billon Aspron Trachy26 viewsEmperor: Manuel I Comnenus (r. 1143-1180 AD)
Date: 1143-1180 AD
Condition: Fine/VF
Denomination: Billon Aspron Trachy

Obverse: -
Christ, bearded, seated facing on throne without back, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium; in left hand, book of Gospels.

Reverse: -
The Virgin, nimbate (on right) and Manuel (on left), both standing facing; the Virgin wears pallium and maphorium, and with Her right hand crowns the emperor, who wears divitision and loros, and holds labarum and globus cruciger; between their heads, ; to right, .

Constantinople mint
Sear 1966
4.49g; 31.3mm; 180°
Pep
ManISear1966_2.jpg
1143-1180 AD - Manuel I Comnenus - Sear 1966 - Billon Aspron Trachy - 2nd Example10 viewsEmperor: Manuel I Comnenus (r. 1143-1180 AD)
Date: 1143-1180 AD
Condition: Fine/VF
Denomination: Billon Aspron Trachy

Obverse: -
Christ, bearded, seated facing on throne without back, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium; in left hand, book of Gospels.

Reverse: -
The Virgin, nimbate (on right) and Manuel (on left), both standing facing; the Virgin wears pallium and maphorium, and with Her right hand crowns the emperor, who wears divitision and loros, and holds labarum and globus cruciger; between their heads, ; to right, .

Constantinople mint
Sear 1966
3.96g; 30.4mm; 180°
Pep
Henry_IV_AR_Hardi.JPG
1399 - 1413, Henry IV, AR Hardi d'Argent, Struck 1399 -1453 at Bordeaux, Aquitaine, France12 viewsObverse: ERIC R ANGLIE ✤ Crowned and robed half-length figure of Henry facing under Gothic canopy, holding sword in right hand, left hand raised with finger pointing in benedictory or admonitory position. Mullet over crown, rosette either side of crown. Rosette in legend.
Reverse: FRA-CIE ✤ DNS AQI ✤ Long cross collarino, pattée at the ends, extending through legend. Fleur de lis with roundel underneath in second and third quarters; lion passant, guardant in first and fourth quarters, roundel over lion in fourth quarter. Rosettes in legend.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 1.13gms | Axis 10
SPINK: 8147 | Elias: 233h
Ex. Bazas Hoard | Ex. Jean Elsen (Belgium) | Scarce

The last series of these Anglo-Gallic coins was likely struck under more than one Henry and they have not currently been differentiated by ruler because the legends and types are generic. However, over time, Anglo-Gallic issues suffered from regular debasement and a deterioration in workmanship, the size, weight and quality of the strike of this coin would therefore all seem to point to it being an early example.

The Bazas Hoard
This hoard was discovered in May 2004 by a builder at Bazas in south West France when he was renovating his house. Bazas was a regional centre in the middle ages. The hoard consisted of a mixture of medieval coins which had been minted in Spain, Portugal, Italy, England, the Netherlands and various French duchies. Of the 1010 coins found, 157 were gold, 300 were silver and the remainder were billon. The oldest coin was a King Jean II franc from 1360 and the rarest coin was a gold castellano from the time of Henry IV of Castile, of which only one other example is known to exist.

Henry IV
In 1399, Henry, Duke of Lancaster, overthrew his cousin, Richard II and took the throne as Henry IV, ruling until his death in 1413. Henry's first major problem as monarch was what to do with the deposed Richard. After an early assassination plot against Henry was foiled in January 1400, Richard died in prison, allegedly of starvation. Though Henry was suspected of having had Richard murdered, it was also claimed that he took his own life.
Henry, also known as Henry Bolingbroke, was a grandson of Edward III and when he took the throne he asserted his grandfather's claim to the Kingdom of France. He founded the Lancaster branch of the House of Plantagenet and he was the first King of England since the Norman Conquest whose mother tongue was English rather than French.
Early in his reign, Henry hosted the visit of Manuel II Palaiologos, the only Byzantine emperor ever to visit England, and he gave monetary support to Manuel II to aid him against the Ottoman Empire.
Despite the example set by most of his recent predecessors, after their deaths, Henry and his second wife, Joan of Navarre, Queen of England, were buried not at Westminster Abbey but at Canterbury Cathedral, on the north side of Trinity Chapel and directly adjacent to the shrine of St Thomas Becket.
2 comments*Alex
a9.jpg
1929D ALEXIUS AE TETARTERON S-1929 DOC 38 CLBC 2.4.5 Imitation 41 viewsOBV Bust of Christ, bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds gospels open in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV. Bust facing wearing stemma, divitision, and chlamys; holds in r. hand scepter cruciger, and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 19.91mm
Weight 1.9gm

This is an imitation of Sear 1929, better to say it was not produced to the same standards as coins from the other mints. Interesting enough , imitations only seem to occur under Alexius rule and the Manuel's rule, I have never seen an imitation of John II coinage, that leaves me to believe these were authorized in some way by Alexius. Perhaps to help the introduction of the new coinage.

DOC lists 9 examples with weight s running from 1.82gm to 5.10gm and size from 18mm to 22mm
Simon
b3.jpg
1930 ALEXIUS AE TETARTERON S-1930 DOC 39 CLBC 2.4.6 51 viewsOBV Bust of Virgin nimbate, orans, wearing tunic and maphorion.

REV Bust of emperor wearing stemma, divitision and chlamys; holds in r. hand labarum on a long shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 20.10

Weight 2.8gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 5 examples with weights ranging from 2.05gm to 4.02gm and sizes ranging from 20mm to 22m

It is difficult to find a clean strike of this issue. This one is unusually clean. They way to differ this coin from Manuel's version is the position of Alexius arm on the labrum.
Simon
s-1930c.jpg
1930A ALEXIUS AE TETARTERON S-1930 DOC 39 CLBC 2.4.6 37 viewsOBV Bust of Virgin nimbate, orans, wearing tunic and maphorion.

REV Bust of emperor wearing stemma, divitision and chlamys; holds in r. hand labarum on a long shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 18mm

Weight 3.5 gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 5 examples with weights ranging from 2.05gm to 4.02gm and sizes ranging from 20mm to 22m

This is considered to be very nice condition for this type of coin, normally they appear overstruck or just messy, this one I had almost confused with a Manuel S-1970 but the key of these coins is the position of Alexius right arm being raised, the Manuel has the emperors r. arm in a lower position.
Simon
s1967B.jpg
1967 MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1967 DOC 14 CLBC 4.4.1 46 viewsOBV Bust of Christ, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds scroll n in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV. Bust of emperor wearing stemma, divitision, and collar piece, and paneled loros of simplified type; holds in r. labarum on long shaft , and in l. Globus cruciger

Size 18/17mm

Weight 2.4gm

Cosmopolitan Issue were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash (Silver traces are common on Cosmopolitan issues but intact fully silvered coins are very rare.) These more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Cosmopolitan issue are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues

This is one of my two examples of this coin and would grade as only fine, few years back a small batch of these in beautiful condition were on ebay but I lacked the funding to add to my collection. To this day nice examples or any examples are rarely seen.

DOC lists 14 examples with weights from 2.63mm to 4.8mm and sizes from 18mm to 20mm
Simon
o5~0.jpg
1967 MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1967 DOC 14 CLBC 4.4.1 23 viewsOBV Bust of Christ, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds scroll n in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV. Bust of emperor wearing stemma, divitision, and collar piece, and paneled loros of simplified type; holds in r. labarum on long shaft , and in l. Globus cruciger

Size 19mm

Weight 3.54gm

Cosmopolitan Issue were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash (Silver traces are common on Cosmopolitan issues but intact fully silvered coins are very rare.) These more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Cosmopolitan issue are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues

My nicest example, Both Christ and Manuel are depicted as young men.

DOC lists 14 examples with weights from 2.63mm to 4.8mm and sizes from 18mm to 20mm
Simon
s1967.jpg
1967A MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1967 DOC 14 CLBC 4.4.1 51 viewsOBV Bust of Christ, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds scroll n in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV. Bust of emperor wearing stemma, divitision, and collar piece, and paneled loros of simplified type; holds in r. labarum on long shaft , and in l. Globus cruciger

Size 17.97 mm

Weight 3.2 gm

Cosmopolitan Issue were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash (Silver traces are common on Cosmopolitan issues but intact fully silvered coins are very rare.) These more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Cosmopolitan issue are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues

Lightly nicer than my other example , the reverse would grade as aVF, the obv has an old collectors mark or museum mark on it.

DOC lists 14 examples with weights from 2.63mm to 4.8mm and sizes from 18mm to 20mm
Simon
c3~2.jpg
1968 MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1968 DOC 15 CLBC 4.4.2 49 viewsOBV Full length figure of the Virgin, nimbate, orans, wearing tunic, and maphorion turned to the r. Manus Dei (Hands of God) in upper field to r.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, jeweled loros of a simplified type and Saigon; holds in right hand scepter cruciger and in l. anexikakia

Size 16/20mm

Weight 3.2gm

Cosmopolitan Issue were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash (Silver traces are common on Cosmopolitan issues but intact fully silvered coins are very rare.) These more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Cosmopolitan issue are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues

DOC lists 34 examples with weights from 2.32 to 4.9gm and size from 17mm to 22mm
Simon
4s.jpg
1968A MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1968 DOC 15 CLBC 4.4.2 43 viewsOBV Full length figure of the Virgin, nimbate, orans, wearing tunic, and maphorion turned to the r. Manus Dei (Hands of God) in upper field to r.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, jeweled loros of a simplified type and Saigon; holds in right hand scepter cruciger and in l. anexikakia

Size 20mm

Weight 5.1gm



My first Tetarteron. I love this copper look and thick fabric of this coin.
Simon
m3.jpg
1968B MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1968 DOC 15 CLBC 4.4.2 25 viewsOBV Full length figure of the Virgin, nimbate, orans, wearing tunic, and maphorion turned to the r. Manus Dei (Hands of God) in upper field to r.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, jeweled loros of a simplified type and Saigon; holds in right hand scepter cruciger and in l. anexikakia

Size 17/20mm

Weight 3.2gm

Cosmopolitan Issue were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash (Silver traces are common on Cosmopolitan issues but intact fully silvered coins are very rare.) These more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Cosmopolitan issue are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues

DOC lists 34 examples with weights from 2.32 to 4.9gm and size from 17mm to 22mm

It is a shame for the cut at the head of Manuel, this coin would grade EF otherwise.
Simon
a3~1.jpg
1968CV MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1968v DOC NL A CLBC 4.4.2A 30 viewsOBV Full length figure of the Virgin, nimbate, orans ,wearing tunic, and maphorion turned to the r. Manus Dei (Hands of God) in upper field to r.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, jeweled loros of a simplified type and Saigon; holds in right a labrum headed scepter and in l. anexikakia

Size 19.84mm

Weight 3.2gm

Cosmopolitan Issue were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash (Silver traces are common on Cosmopolitan issues but intact fully silvered coins are very rare.) These more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Cosmopolitan issue are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues
Simon
c5.jpg
1968d MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON SBCV-1968 DOC 15 CLBC 4.4.233 viewsOBV Full length figure of the Virgin, nimbate, orans, wearing tunic, and maphorion turned to the r. Manus Dei (Hands of God) in upper field to r.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, jeweled loros of a simplified type and Saigon; holds in right hand scepter cruciger and in l. anexikakia

Size 20.53mm

Weight 4.2gm

Cosmopolitan Issue were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash (Silver traces are common on Cosmopolitan issues but intact fully silvered coins are very rare.) These more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Cosmopolitan issue are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues

DOC lists 34 examples with weights from 2.32 to 4.9gm and size from 17mm to 22mm

The coins only flaw, wear on the Virgins face. Other that near perfect centering and a wonderful reverse strike.
2 commentsSimon
k6~0.jpg
1968DV MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1968v DOC NL A CLBC 4.4.2A 6 views
OBV Full length figure of the Virgin, nimbate, orans ,wearing tunic, and maphorion turned to the r. Manus Dei (Hands of God) in upper field to r.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, jeweled loros of a simplified type and Saigon; holds in right a labrum headed scepter and in l. anexikakia

Size 18mm

Weight 3.5gm

Cosmopolitan Issue were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash (Silver traces are common on Cosmopolitan issues but intact fully silvered coins are very rare.) These more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Cosmopolitan issue are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues
Simon
sear1968v3.jpg
1968DV MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1968v DOC NL A CLBC 4.4.2A 55 viewsOBV Full length figure of the Virgin, nimbate, orans ,wearing tunic, and maphorion turned to the r. Manus Dei (Hands of God) in upper field to r.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, jeweled loros of a simplified type and Saigon; holds in right a labrum headed scepter and in l. anexikakia

Size 18/19.7mm

Weight 3.4gm

Cosmopolitan Issue were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash (Silver traces are common on Cosmopolitan issues but intact fully silvered coins are very rare.) These more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Cosmopolitan issue are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues
Simon
i5~0.jpg
1968f MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON SBCV-1968 variation patriarchal cross 6 viewsOBV Full length figure of the Virgin, nimbate, orans, wearing tunic, and maphorion turned to the r. Manus Dei (Hands of God) in upper field to r.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, jeweled loros of a simplified type and Saigon; holds in right hand patriarchal cross and in l. anexikakia

Size 20.53mm

Weight 4.2gm

Cosmopolitan Issue were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash (Silver traces are common on Cosmopolitan issues but intact fully silvered coins are very rare.) These more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Cosmopolitan issue are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues

DOC lists 34 examples with weights from 2.32 to 4.9gm and size from 17mm to 22mm

Tis is the only type I have seen with this type cross.
Simon
v6.jpg
1969A MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1969 DOC 16 CLBC 4.4.3 34 views
OBV Full length figure of Christ standing on a dais, bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; right hand raised high in benediction holds Gospels in l. hand. Pellets in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, jeweled loros of a simplified type and Saigon; holds in right a labrum on a long shaft. On which X and in l. globus cruciger


Size 19.6mm

Weight 3.0


DOC lists 11 examples with weights from 2.76 to 4.14 gm and sizes from 18mm to 20mm
1 commentsSimon
h3~1.jpg
1969B MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1969 DOC 16 CLBC 4.4.3 48 viewsOBV Full length figure of Christ standing on a dais, bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; right hand raised high in benediction holds Gospels in l. hand. Pellets in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, jeweled loros of a simplified type and Saigon; holds in right a labrum on a long shaft. On which X and in l. globus cruciger


Size 18.19 mm

Weight 3.6gm

Cosmopolitan Issue were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash (Silver traces are common on Cosmopolitan issues but intact fully silvered coins are very rare.) These more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Cosmopolitan issue are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues

DOC lists 11 examples with weights from 2.76 to 4.14 gm and sizes from 18mm to 20mm
Simon
s1969b.jpg
1969B MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1969 DOC 16 CLBC 4.4.3 57 viewsOBV Full length figure of Christ standing on a dais, bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; right hand raised high in benediction holds Gospels in l. hand. Pellets in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, jeweled loros of a simplified type and Saigon; holds in right a labrum on a long shaft. On which X and in l. globus cruciger


Size 21.5mm

Weight 4.2gm

Cosmopolitan Issue were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash (Silver traces are common on Cosmopolitan issues but intact fully silvered coins are very rare.) These more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Cosmopolitan issue are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues

DOC lists 11 examples with weights from 2.76 to 4.14 gm and sizes from 18mm to 20mm

This is my second example added to the collection, condition is a bit sad VG/ aF however it shows the other details my other example lacks. This is the hardest of the Manuel tetartera to acquire.
Simon
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1969C MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1969 DOC 16 CLBC 4.4.3 44 viewsOBV Full length figure of Christ standing on a dais, bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; right hand raised high in benediction holds Gospels in l. hand. Pellets in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, jeweled loros of a simplified type and Saigon; holds in right a labrum on a long shaft. On which X and in l. globus cruciger


Size 22/17mm

Weight 2.7gm


DOC lists 11 examples with weights from 2.76 to 4.14 gm and sizes from 18mm to 20mm

This coin really leads me to believe it was modified to add the X on shaft, you will notice an additional x was used on the Gl. CR , this was either double struck or the x was added to the shaft after the coin had been struck. The design is very similar to a John II coin the only main difference in design being the X on the shaft.
Simon
s-1969-1c.jpg
1969C MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1969 DOC 16 CLBC 4.4.3 Imitation?63 viewsOBV Full length figure of Christ standing on a dais, bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; right hand raised high in benediction holds Gospels in l. hand. Pellets in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, jeweled loros of a simplified type and Saigon; holds in right a labrum on a long shaft. On which X and in l. globus cruciger


Size 19.84

Weight 1.8gm

Not certain but I now believe this to be an imitation, the biggest reason for this is the low weight and thin flan. Does not have the look of a Constantinople minted coin. This coin was found in Cyprus.
1 commentsSimon
b3~0.jpg
1970 MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1970 DOC 17CLBC 4.4.4 26 viewsOBV Bust of Virgin nimbate, orans wearing tunic and maphorion.

REV. Bust of emperor bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, and chlamys; holds in r. hand labarum headed and scepter and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 18/22mm

Weight 3.3gm

Cosmopolitan Issue were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash (Silver traces are common on Cosmopolitan issues but intact fully silvered coins are very rare.) These more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Cosmopolitan issue are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues

DOC lists 18 examples with weights ranging from 2.52 to 4.87 and sizes from 17mm to 23mm
Simon
s1970b.jpg
1970A MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1970 DOC 17CLBC 4.4.452 viewsOBV Bust of Virgin nimbate, orans wearing tunic and maphorion.

REV. Bust of emperor bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, and chlamys; holds in r. hand labarum headed and scepter and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 22/24.76mm

Weight 4.1gm

Cosmopolitan Issue were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash (Silver traces are common on Cosmopolitan issues but intact fully silvered coins are very rare.) These more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Cosmopolitan issue are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues

DOC lists 18 examples with weights ranging from 2.52 to 4.87 and sizes from 17mm to 23mm
Simon
g5~0.jpg
1970B MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1970 DOC 17CLBC 4.4.4 22 viewsOBV Bust of Virgin nimbate, orans wearing tunic and maphorion.

REV. Bust of emperor bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, and chlamys; holds in r. hand labarum headed and scepter and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 16/19mm

Weight 4.6gm

Cosmopolitan Issue were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash (Silver traces are common on Cosmopolitan issues but intact fully silvered coins are very rare.)

DOC lists 18 examples with weights ranging from 2.52 to 4.87 and sizes from 17mm to 23mm
Simon
s-1970c.jpg
1970c MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1970 DOC 17CLBC 4.4.4 21 viewsOBV Bust of Virgin nimbate, orans wearing tunic and maphorion.

REV. Bust of emperor bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, and chlamys; holds in r. hand labarum headed and scepter and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 21.07mm

Weight 3.5gm

Cosmopolitan Issue were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash (Silver traces are common on Cosmopolitan issues but intact fully silvered coins are very rare.)

I know CLBC issues this as Rarity level 1, I very much disagree, they are not that easily found. Using his scale I would call it a 3.

This example is very worn and light weight. Still attractive to some :)

DOC lists 18 examples with weights ranging from 2.52 to 4.87 and sizes from 17mm to 23mm
Simon
v5.jpg
1975 MANUEL AE Tetarteron S-1975 DOC 18 CLBC 4.4.5. 36 viewsOBV Bust of St. George facing beardless wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass and sagion and holding spear in r. hand and in l. hand shield.

REV Bust of emperor, bearded , wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece and jeweled loros of a simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum headed scepter, and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 22.48mm

Weight. 4.9gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 23 examples with weights ranging from 2.78gm to 7.16gm with sizes from 19mm to 24mm.
Simon
Sear1975E.jpg
1975A MANUEL AE Tetarteron S-1975 DOC 18 CLBC 4.4.5. 54 viewsOBV Bust of St. George facing beardless wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass and sagion and holding spear in r. hand and in l. hand shield.

REV Bust of emperor, bearded , wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece and jeweled loros of a simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum headed scepter, and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 20.83

Weight. 6.00gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 23 examples with weights ranging from 2.78gm to 7.16gm with sizes from 19mm to 24mm.
Simon
h5~1.jpg
1975a MANUEL AE Tetarteron S-1975 DOC 18 CLBC 4.4.5. 11 views
OBV Bust of St. George facing beardless wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass and sagion and holding spear in r. hand and in l. hand shield.

REV Bust of emperor, bearded , wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece and jeweled loros of a simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum headed scepter, and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 22.06mm

Weight. 4.7gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

Very nice example of a common coin. aEF

DOC lists 23 examples with weights ranging from 2.78gm to 7.16gm with sizes from 19mm to 24mm.
Simon
2c.jpg
1975B MANUEL AE Tetarteron S-1975 DOC 18 CLBC 4.4.5.24 views
OBV Bust of St. George facing beardless wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass and sagion and holding spear in r. hand and in l. hand shield.

REV Bust of emperor, bearded , wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece and jeweled loros of a simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum headed scepter, and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 19.93mm

Weight. 5.1gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 23 examples with weights ranging from 2.78gm to 7.16gm with sizes from 19mm to 24mm
Simon
h5~0.jpg
1975C MANUEL AE Tetarteron S-1975 DOC 18 CLBC 4.4.5.25 viewsOBV Bust of St. George facing beardless wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass and sagion and holding spear in r. hand and in l. hand shield.

REV Bust of emperor, bearded , wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece and jeweled loros of a simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum headed scepter, and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 23mm

Weight. 4.3gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 23 examples with weights ranging from 2.78gm to 7.16gm with sizes from 19mm to 24mm

This is a very nice example with large but broken flan.
Simon
sear1975f.jpg
1975F MANUEL AE Tetarteron S-1975 DOC 18 CLBC 4.4.5.56 viewsOBV Bust of St. George facing beardless wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass and sagion and holding spear in r. hand and in l. hand shield.

REV Bust of emperor, bearded , wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece and jeweled loros of a simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum headed scepter, and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 22.06mm

Weight. 4.7gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

Very nice example of a common coin. aEF

DOC lists 23 examples with weights ranging from 2.78gm to 7.16gm with sizes from 19mm to 24mm.
Simon
w3.jpg
1976 MANUEL AE TETARTERON S-1976 DOC 19 CLBC 4.4.6 52 views
OBV Radiate cross on three steps.

REV. Half-length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of a simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum on laft shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 23.17mm

Weight 5.1gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace

Very nice example on a large flan.
.
DOC lists 24 examples with weights from 18mm to 25mm and weights from 2.55 to 6.54 gm
Simon
e3.jpg
1976A MANUEL AE TETARTERON S-1976 DOC 19 CLBC 4.4.6 32 viewsOBV Radiate cross on three steps.

REV. Half-length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of a simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum on laft shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 17/20mm

Weight 4.5gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace

Older coin in my collection, very nice relief on both sides.
.
DOC lists 24 examples with weights from 18mm to 25mm and weights from 2.55 to 6.54 gm.
Simon
s-1976c.jpg
1976b MANUEL AE TETARTERON S-1976 DOC 19 CLBC 4.4.6 14 viewsOBV Radiate cross on three steps.

REV. Half-length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of a simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum on laft shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 22.93mm

Weight 3.5gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace

Good example
Simon
h7.jpg
1976B MANUEL AE TETARTERON S-1976 DOC 19 CLBC 4.4.6 7 viewsOBV Radiate cross on three steps.

REV. Half-length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of a simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum on laft shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 24mm

Weight 5.78gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace

Very nice example on a large flan.
.
DOC lists 24 examples with weights from 18mm to 25mm and weights from 2.55 to 6.54 gm
Simon
k6.jpg
1977 MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1977 DOC 20 CLBC 4.4.723 views
OBV Small neat letters

REV Bust of emperor, beardless, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece ( Most frequently decorated 5 jewels) and paneled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 16.40mm

Weight 2.8gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.
DOC lists 12 examples with weights ranging from 2.04gm to 2.77 gm with sizes from 18mm to 21mm.

The rarer of the two monograms of Manuel, this coin is always heavier than the the other monogram coin. This example has a beautiful darkened highlights on a copper base.
Simon
s-1977-2c.jpg
1977A MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1977 DOC 20 CLBC 4.4.7 17 viewsOBV Small neat letters

REV Bust of emperor, beardless, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece ( Most frequently decorated 5 jewels) and paneled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 18.34mm

Weight 2.7gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.
DOC lists 12 examples with weights ranging from 2.04gm to 2.77 gm with sizes from 18mm to 21mm.

The rarer of the two monograms of Manuel, this coin is always heavier than the the other monogram coin. This example is actually a black patina.
Simon
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1977a MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1977 DOC 20 CLBC 4.4.7 27 viewsOBV Small neat letters Monogram Sear 57

REV Bust of emperor, beardless, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece ( Most frequently decorated 5 jewels) and paneled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 18.88

Weight 2.89gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 12 examples with weights ranging from 2.04gm to 2.77 gm with sizes from 18mm to 21mm.

Ex forum coin!
Simon
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1978 MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1978 DOC 21 CLBC 4.4.8 39 views
OBV Bust of Christ beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds scrolls in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross
.
REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing uncertain dress (stemma, short military tunic, breastplate and sagion?) holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 19mm
Weight 3.23gm

DOC lists 3 examples with weights ranging from 2.66 gm to 2.75 gm with sizes all 20mm

This coin differs from S-1981 not only by size but DOC notes a beard on Christ on S-1981 where as S-1978 is beardless , I however am finding that a difficult distinction to concur with, the beard on Christ can be a simple dot on his chin, however with this style of coins I am finding the lighter weight coins with perhaps a beard with one dot on chin in another example a series of dots making the beard, in these larger and heavier beards the dot on the chin is still there but not as distinct. Interesting to note that Hendy did not note a beard in his 1969 book but in his latter DOC works he does, the earlier catalogs such as Ratto do note a difference in the two styles because of the weight and beard.

This coin is a choice example Good Very Fine.
1 commentsSimon
c3.jpg
1978A MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1978 DOC 21 CLBC 4.4.8 33 viewsOBV Bust of Christ beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds scrolls in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross
.
REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing uncertain dress (stemma, short military tunic, breastplate and sagion?) holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 19.92mm

Weight 2.3 gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 3 examples with weights ranging from 2.66 gm to 2.75 gm with sizes all 20mm

This coin differs from S-1981 not only by size but DOC notes a beard on Christ on S-1981 where as S-1978 is beardless.
Simon
s-1978c.jpg
1978c MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1978 DOC 21 CLBC 4.4.8 26 viewsOBV Bust of Christ beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds scrolls in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross
.
REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing uncertain dress (stemma, short military tunic, breastplate and sagion?) holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 18.63mm
Weight 3.1gm

DOC lists 3 examples with weights ranging from 2.66 gm to 2.75 gm with sizes all 20mm

This coin differs from S-1981 not only by size but DOC notes a beard on Christ on S-1981 where as S-1978 is beardless , I however am finding that a difficult distinction to concur with, the beard on Christ can be a simple dot on his chin, however with this style of coins I am finding the lighter weight coins with perhaps a beard with one dot on chin in another example a series of dots making the beard, in these larger and heavier beards the dot on the chin is still there but not as distinct. Interesting to note that Hendy did not note a beard in his 1969 book but in his latter DOC works he does, the earlier catalogs such as Ratto do note a difference in the two styles because of the weight and beard.
Simon
1p.jpg
1979 MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1979 DOC 22 CLBC 4.4.11 57 viewsOBV Large, often ill formed letters

REV Bust of emperor, beardless, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece ( Most frequently decorated with 6 jewels) and paneled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 14.5/17mm

Weight 2.0gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

This coin is in beautiful condition, the centering is off but as you can see a lovely example. Not rare but in this condition they are.

DOC lists 27 examples with weights ranging from 1.10gm to 2.96 gm with sizes from 14mm to 18mm.
Simon
s1979.jpg
1979A MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1979 DOC 22 CLBC 4.4.11 Imitation ?92 viewsOBV Large, often ill formed letters

REV Bust of emperor, beardless, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece ( Most frequently decorated with 6 jewels) and paneled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 12.54mm

Weight 1.1gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 27 examples with weights ranging from 1.10gm to 2.96 gm with sizes from 14mm to 18mm.


1 commentsSimon
3k.jpg
1979B MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1979 DOC 22 CLBC 4.4.11 Imitation? 31 viewsOBV Large, often ill formed letters

REV Bust of emperor, beardless, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece ( Most frequently decorated with 6 jewels) and paneled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 16mm

Weight 2.4gm

This style is very unique, I do not believe it was minted at one of the main mints, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 27 examples with weights ranging from 1.10gm to 2.96 gm with sizes from 14mm to 18mm.
Simon
1979.jpg
1979s MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1979 DOC 22 CLBC 4.4.11 31 viewsOBV Large, often ill formed letters

REV Bust of emperor, beardless, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece ( Most frequently decorated with 6 jewels) and paneled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 17.33mm

Weight 2.59 gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

This coin is good Very fine, lightly circulated. I believe this to be a perfect example.

DOC lists 27 examples with weights ranging from 1.10gm to 2.96 gm with sizes from 14mm to 18mm.
Simon
b3~2.jpg
1980 MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1980 DOC 23 CLBC 4.4.9 39 viewsOBV Bust of St. George, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic, breastplate, and Saigon; holds in r. hand spear, and in l. shield.

REV Bust of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum headed scepter, and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 17.09 mm

Weight 2.1gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 7 examples with weights ranging from .91 gm to 2.26 gm with sizes from 14mm to 17mm.
Simon
S1980A.jpg
1980A MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1980 DOC 23 CLBC 4.4.9 60 viewsOBV Bust of St. George, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic, breastplate, and Saigon; holds in r. hand spear, and in l. shield.

REV Bust of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum headed scepter, and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 15.95mm

Weight 1.2gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 7 examples with weights ranging from .91 gm to 2.26 gm with sizes from 14mm to 17mm.
Simon
Sear1980B.jpg
1980B MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1980 DOC 23 CLBC 4.4.9 51 viewsOBV Bust of St. George, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic, breastplate, and Saigon; holds in r. hand spear, and in l. shield.

REV Bust of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum headed scepter, and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 15.01mm

Weight 1.6 gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 7 examples with weights ranging from .91 gm to 2.26 gm with sizes from 14mm to 17mm.

This coin is very similar to Griersons Plate coin.
Simon
a5.jpg
1980d MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1980 DOC 23 CLBC 4.4.9 24 viewsOBV Bust of St. George, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic, breastplate, and Saigon; holds in r. hand spear, and in l. shield.

REV Bust of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum headed scepter, and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 17.30 mm

Weight 2.4gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

This example is beautiful considering its size. I would grade aEF , rarity 1/5 Common coin , uncommon condition.

DOC lists 7 examples with weights ranging from .91 gm to 2.26 gm with sizes from 14mm to 17mm.
Simon
c3~3.jpg
1980Y MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1980 DOC 23 CLBC 4.4.9 44 viewsOBV Bust of St. George, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic, breastplate, and Saigon; holds in r. hand spear, and in l. shield.

REV Bust of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum headed scepter, and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 13.09 mm

Weight 1.7gm

This die size is only 12mm, out of the several examples I have with the smallest die they all come in under 2gm

DOC lists 7 examples of S-1980 with weights ranging from .91 gm to 2.26 gm with sizes from 14mm to 17mm
Simon
j6~0.jpg
1981 MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1981 DOC 24 CLBC 4.4.12 17 views

OBV Bust of Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds scrolls in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing uncertain dress (stemma, short military tunic, breastplate and sagion?) holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 17.8mm

Weight 2.0gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron.These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 19 examples with weights ranging from 1.28 gm to 2.75 gm with sizes from 16mm to 18mm.

Ex Forum Coin.
Simon
s1981brockc.jpg
1981A MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1981 DOC 24 CLBC 4.4.12 BROCKAGE 41 viewsOBV Bust of Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds scrolls in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing uncertain dress (stemma, short military tunic, breastplate and sagion?) holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 17.37 mm

Weight 1.9 gm



DOC lists 19 examples with weights ranging from 1.28 gm to 2.75 gm with sizes from 16mm to 18mm.

Nice Brock age example, nice fill shows it off. Rare to find a brockage this nice.
Simon
g7.jpg
1982 MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1982 DOC 25 CLBC 4.4.10 18 views

OBV Radiate cross on three steps

REV Half length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 14/16mm

Weight 2.0gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.
DOC lists 6 examples with weights ranging from 1.26 gm to 2.24 gm with sizes from 16mm to 19mm.

This example is excellent , one of the few tetartera that can be listed as EF The portrait of Manuel on this coin is exceptional, especially considering its size.
Simon
1f.jpg
1982A MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1982 DOC 25 CLBC 4.4.10 34 viewsOBV Radiate cross on three steps

REV Half length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 18/17mm

Weight 2.2gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 6 examples with weights ranging from 1.26 gm to 2.24 gm with sizes from 16mm to 19mm.

I am uncertain if this is an official issue, Many of Alexius and Manuel's tetartera were imitated as late as the 1300's , my only reason to suspect this coin is style , the weight seems correct for the issue
Simon
r3.jpg
1986 ANDRONICUS METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1986 DOC 5 CLBC 5.4.1 65 viewsOBV Full length figure of Virgin nimbate, wearing tunic and maphorion, standing on dais, holds nimbate beardless, nimbate head of Christ on breast.

REV Full length figure of emperor on l. crowned by Christ bearded and nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, and chlamys holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. anexikakia, Christ wearing tunic and kolobion, holds gospels in l. hand.

Size 19.51mm

Weight 3.3 gm

Metropolitan Issues were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content added but for Andronicus I can’t find how much under Manuel it fluctuated between 1% and 4% however by this time I would assume a decline. By the time of Isaac II the amount was 1% to 2% these still were more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Metropolitan issues are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues.

DOC lists 14 examples with weights from 2.49gm to 4.54gm and sizes from 18mm to 23mm

I have had this one from the early years of my collection, it far surpasses my other example
Simon
z5~0.jpg
1986 ANDRONICUS METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON SBCV-1986 DOC 5 CLBC 5.4.1 11 viewsOBV Full length figure of Virgin nimbate, wearing tunic and maphorion, standing on dais, holds nimbate beardless, nimbate head of Christ on breast.

REV Full length figure of emperor on l. crowned by Christ bearded and nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, and chlamys holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. anexikakia, Christ wearing tunic and kolobion, holds gospels in l. hand.

Size 20.84

Weight 4.55gm

Metropolitan Issues were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content added but for Andronicus I can’t find how much under Manuel it fluctuated between 1% and 4% however by this time I would assume a decline. By the time of Isaac II the amount was 1% to 2% these still were more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Metropolitan issues are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues.

DOC lists 14 examples with weights from 2.49gm to 4.54gm and sizes from 18mm to 23mm

I have had this one from the early years of my collection, it far surpasses my other example
Simon
s-1986b.jpg
1986A ANDRONICUS METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1986 DOC 5 CLBC 5.4.1 57 views OBV Full length figure of Virgin nimbate, wearing tunic and maphorion, standing on dais, holds nimbate beardless, nimbate head of Christ on breast.

REV Full length figure of emperor on l. crowned by Christ bearded and nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, and chlamys holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. anexikakia, Christ wearing tunic and kolobion, holds gospels in l. hand.

Size 20/16mm

Weight 4.2gm

Metropolitan Issues were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content added but for Andronicus I can’t find how much under Manuel it fluctuated between 1% and 4% however by this time I would assume a decline. By the time of Isaac II the amount was 1% to 2% these still were more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Metropolitan issues are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues.

In todays marketplace this is a true rarity. This one is flawed by scrapes from time.

DOC lists 14 examples with weights from 2.49gm to 4.54gm and sizes from 18mm to 23mm


Simon
s-1986.jpg
1986C ANDRONICUS METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1986 DOC 5 CLBC 5.4.1 35 viewsOBV Full length figure of Virgin nimbate, wearing tunic and maphorion, standing on dais, holds nimbate beardless, nimbate head of Christ on breast.

REV Full length figure of emperor on l. crowned by Christ bearded and nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, and chlamys holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. anexikakia, Christ wearing tunic and kolobion, holds gospels in l. hand.

Size

Weight

Metropolitan Issues were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content added but for Andronicus I can’t find how much under Manuel it fluctuated between 1% and 4% however by this time I would assume a decline. By the time of Isaac II the amount was 1% to 2% these still were more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Metropolitan issues are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues.

DOC lists 14 examples with weights from 2.49gm to 4.54gm and sizes from 18mm to 23mm

This is a new acquisition as par of an old collection, not great but some details not usually seen.
Simon
q8.jpg
1993 ISAAC COMNENUS OF CYPRUS AG TETARTERON S-1993 DOC 6 CLBC 6.3.1 3 viewsOBV Bust of virgin nimbate, wearing tunic and maphorion

REV Bust of emperor wearing stemma, divitision and chlamys; holds in r hand scepter cruciger, and in l. globus cruciger.

Size 19.73 mm

Weight 1.9 gm

This issues in Cyprus have a small amount of silver in them 1.5% make them more related to the Metropolitan issue of the empire.

DOC list 1 example with a weight of 2.48 and sized at 19mm.

Battered example, Very rare . This coin was originally attributed as a Manuel coin, the version this one was based off of. However a few details that are clear prove it to be Isaac, the main one is the hand scepter cruciger vs a labrum and the type of cross style on the globus cruciger.
Simon
s-1998e.jpg
1998 ISAAC COMNENUS OF CYPRUS AG TETARTERON S-1998 DOC 610 CLBC 6.3.6A32 viewsOBV Christ Emmanuel, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion, seated upon throne with back; r hand raised in benediction holds scroll in l. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor on l. crowned by virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r hand scepter cruciger and in l. anexikakia. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.

Size 22.52mm

Weight 2.7gm

This issues in Cyprus have a small amount of silver in them 1.5% make them more related to the Metropolitan issue of the empire.
Simon
s-1998f.jpg
1998 ISAAC COMNENUS OF CYPRUS AG TETARTERON S-1998 DOC 610 CLBC 6.3.6A 32 viewsOBV Christ Emmanuel, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion, seated upon throne with back; r hand raised in benediction holds scroll in l. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor on l. crowned by virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r hand scepter cruciger and in l. anexikakia. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.

Size 20.20mm

Weight 3.4gm

This issues in Cyprus have a small amount of silver in them 1.5% make them more related to the Metropolitan issue of the empire.

DOC list 4 examples with a weight of 2.81 to 2.84 and sized at 19mm to 21mm
Simon
1o.jpg
1998 ISAAC COMNENUS OF CYPRUS AG TETARTERON S-1998 DOC 610 CLBC 6.3.6A 56 views
OBV Christ Emmanuel, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion, seated upon throne with back; r hand raised in benediction holds scroll in l. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor on l. crowned by virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r hand scepter cruciger and in l. anexikakia. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.

Size 18.5/20mm

Weight 4.2

This issues in Cyprus have a small amount of silver in them 1.5% make them more related to the Metropolitan issue of the empire. This issue is heavier than normal, Isaac is wearing a sash at waist.

DOC list 4 examples with a weight of 2.81 to 2.84 and sized at 19mm to 21mm

Really a nice example, all detail is still there , some wear but beautiful example.
Simon
1i.jpg
1998 ISAAC COMNENUS OF CYPRUS AG TETARTERON S-1998 DOC 610 CLBC 6.3.6B 57 views
OBV Christ Emmanuel, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion, seated upon throne with back; r hand raised in benediction holds scroll in l. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross. The coin differs with a Circular legend

REV Full length figure of emperor on l. crowned by virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r hand scepter cruciger and in l. anexikakia. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.

Size 20.35mm

Weight 2.2gm

This issues in Cyprus have a small amount of silver in them 1.5% make them more related to the Metropolitan issue of the empire.

This coin is listed in CLBC as rare, it differs from the normal coin is the circular legend. Other variations of this coin appear in Isaacs attire. This coin brags of a beautiful green yellow Patina and an unusually detailed reverse.
Simon
s-1998.jpg
1998A ISAAC COMNENUS OF CYPRUS AG TETARTERON S-1998 DOC 610 CLBC 6.3.6A 66 viewsOBV Christ Emmanuel, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion, seated upon throne with back; r hand raised in benediction holds scroll in l. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor on l. crowned by virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r hand scepter cruciger and in l. anexikakia. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.

Size 20.26mm

Weight 3.2gm

This issues in Cyprus have a small amount of silver in them 1.5% make them more related to the Metropolitan issue of the empire.

DOC list 4 examples with a weight of 2.81 to 2.84 and sized at 19mm to 21mm
Simon
m5.jpg
1999 ISAAC COMNENUS OF CYPRUS AG TETARTERON S-1999 DOC 10B CLBC 6.3.7 34 views

OBV Christ Emmanuel, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion, seated upon throne with back; r hand raised in benediction holds scroll in l. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor on RIGHT. crowned by virgin nimbate on l.. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in L hand scepter cruciger and in r. anexikakia. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.

Size 18.72mm

Weight 2.9gm

This issues in Cyprus have a small amount of silver in them 1.5% make them more related to the Metropolitan issue of the empire.

DOC list 1 examples with a weight of 2.84 gm and sized at 19mm

This issue is considered to be very rare, 5/5 , Grierson considers it to be an error of S-1998 and I must agree, still a wonderful piece to add to my collection
1 commentsSimon
Aspron Trachy Vellón Manuel I SB01964.jpg
58-10 - Manuel I (08/04/1143 - 24/09/1180 D.C.)66 viewsAE/Vellón Aspron Trachy 32 x 29 mm 5.6 gr.
Moneda "Escifulada" cóncava.

Anv: "MΡ - ΘV" (Madre de Dios) en campos izquierdo y derecho - La Virgen sentada en un trono de frente, vistiendo nimbus (Halo redondo que rodea su busto), Pallium (Tipo de capa o manto) y Maphorium (Largo velo que cubre su cabeza y hombros), sosteniendo delante de Ella la cabeza nimbada de un Cristo niño mirando a izquierda.
Rev: " MANγHΛ - ΔεCΠOTHC " Emperador de pié de frente vistiendo corona, divitision (Larga túnica de seda usada por los Emperadores y Obispos, de color púrpura o blanco) y Chlamys (Manto largo o capa/mandyas, usado como traje de ceremonia imperial). Portando Labarum (Lábaro, Enseña militar usado como estandarte imperial), en mano derecha y Orbe con cruz patriarcal en izquierda.

Acuñada 1143 - 1180 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla

Referencias: Sear BCTV #1964 Pag. 396 - Hendy CMBE pl.15.5-10 - B.M.C.#56/7 - Ratto M.B.#2138-41 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #5-16
mdelvalle
Aspron Trachy Vellón Manuel I SB01966.jpg
58-12 - Manuel I (08/04/1143 - 24/09/1180 D.C.)73 viewsAE/Vellón Aspron Trachy 30 mm 5.4 gr.
Moneda "Escifulada" cóncava.

Anv: "IC - XC" (Jesús Cristo) en campos izquierdo y derecho - Cristo sentado en trono con respaldo de frente, vistiendo nimbus cruciger (Halo redondo con cruz que rodea su busto), Pallium (Tipo de capa o manto) y Collobium (Túnica especial sin mangas), sosteniendo el Libro de los Evangelios con mano izquierda." * " en campo izquierdo.
Rev: " MANγHΛ - ΔεCΠOT " Emperador de pié de frente a izquierda vistiendo corona, divitision (Larga túnica de seda usada por los Emperadores y Obispos, de color púrpura o blanco) y Loros (Ropa elaboradamente adornada que constituye el vestido consular de los Emperadores). Portando Labarum (Lábaro, Enseña militar usado como estandarte imperial), en mano derecha y Orbe con cruz en izquierda. A su derecha La Virgen de pié de frente, vistiendo nimbus (Halo redondo que rodea su busto), Pallium (Tipo de capa o manto) y Maphorium (Largo velo que cubre su cabeza y hombros), con su mano derecha corona al Emperador.

Acuñada 1143 - 1180 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla

Referencias: Sear BCTV #1966 Pag. 396 - Hendy CMBE pl.16.1-15, pl.17.1-4 - B.M.C.#40-51 - Ratto M.B.#2127/34 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #17-42
mdelvalle
a43.jpg
7. Manuel Comnenus AE Trachy45 viewsManuel Comnenus
1143 - 1180
Constantinople Mint
AE Trachy

obv. IC - XC Jesus enthroned
rev. Manuel standing on left, being crowned by Mary
Zam
manuel_111106.jpg
9. Trebizond - Manuel I Comnenus53 viewsEmpire of Trebizond
Manuel I Comnenus
1238-1263
AR asper
21 mm, 2.90 gm

obv. OAGI EVGENI, St. Eugenius
rev. Emperor standing MNA OKH
Zam
2550377.jpg
93. Manuel I Comnenus28 viewsEMPEROR OF TREBIZOND
Manuel I Comnenus.
1238-1263. AR Asper (20mm, 2.41 g, 7h).
O: Manuel st. facing, wearing crown and loros and holding labarum and akakia; (star) /M/И/ (star) to outer l., two stars to inner l., star to inner r., O/K/H to outer r; above to r., crowning manus Dei R: St. Eugenius standing facing, wearing nimbus crown and holding long cross; O/A/ΓI to outer left, star to inner left, (star)/ЄV/ΓЄ/(NH) to right.

Cf. Retowski 91-2; SB 2601.

Near EF, toned, a few light scratches.

Ex CNG
1 commentsSosius
sear_1978a.jpg
AE half tetarteron type B Manuel I SB197811 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, beardless, wearing nimbus cr. pallium and colobium scroll i left hand
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOTH or similar Manuel bearded facing wearing crown and miltary attire and holding cruciform sceotre and gl. cr.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1978 H. 17.19-20 type B
14mm 1.16gn
wileyc
sear_2184.jpg
AE small trachy Manuel Comnenus-Ducas SB 218443 viewsObverse: Bust of St. Demetrius
Reverse: Manuel l., and Archangel Michael r. stg. holding labarum between them
Mint: Thessalonia
Date: 1230-1237 CE
Sear 2184 Num Chron 1978, p 111,333-4
13mm .73gm
wileyc
sear_1967.jpg
AE Tetarteron Manuel I first coinage SB196611 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, beardless, wearing nimbus cr. pallium and colobium scroll i left hand
Reverse: MAN(monagram)HAAECII or similar bust facing beardless wearing crown and loros and holding labarum and gl. cr.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1967 H 17.5-6
18mm 2.04gm
wileyc
sear_2179.jpg
AE trachy Manuel Comnenus-Ducas SB 2179 Type C25 viewsObverse: Bust of the virgin orans
Reverse: Manuel stg. L., and St. Demetrius(?) r., giving globus surmounted by patriarchal cross to Manuel
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1230-1237 CE
Sear 2179 h. 39.6, DO IV, pl XLI, 5
21mm .97 gm
wileyc
Capture~6.PNG
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS. Class A3. Attributed to Basil II & Constantine VIII (976-1025).29 viewsObv: + ЄMMANOVHΛ / IC XC. Facing bust of Christ Emmanuel.
Rev: + IҺSЧS / XRISTЧS / ЬASILЄЧ / ЬASILЄ. Legend in four lines; above and below, lozenge between dashes.
References: SBCV 1818. Grierson ornaments 24.
Weight: 11.38 g.
Diameter: 29 mm.
1 commentsCanaan
SB2601.jpg
AR Asper Manuel I Comnenus (1238-1263 CE) sb260142 viewsObverse: OA(gamma)I-EV(gamma)ENI, St Eugenius stg. holding long cross.
Reverse: MNA-OKH Manuel stg. holding labarum and akakia, MANUS DEI upper r.
Mint:Trebizond
Date: 1238-1263 CE
SB 2601
22mm, 2.82g
1 commentswileyc
Manuel-I-Comnenus_1143-80-AD_AE-30_trachy_SB-1964-p-396_Q-001_axis-h_30mm_3,80g-s.jpg
B 062 Manuel I. Comnenus (1143-1180 A.D.), SB 1964, AE-Trachy, Constantinopolis,88 viewsB 062 Manuel I. Comnenus (1143-1180 A.D.), SB 1964, AE-Trachy, Constantinopolis,
avers: - ,
revers:- .
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 2,80g, axis: h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: A.D., ref: SB-1964, p-396,
Q-001
quadrans
byz-xx5-s.jpg
B 062 Manuel I. Comnenus (1143-1180 A.D.), SB 1976, AE-Tetarteron, IC/XC//--, Thessalonica,298 viewsB 062 Manuel I. Comnenus (1143-1180 A.D.), SB 1976, AE-Tetarteron, IC/XC//--, Thessalonica,
avers: MANΥHΛ ΔECΠOTH, Manuel, crowned and wearing loros, bust facing, holding labarum and cross on globe.
reverse: Βarred IC - barred XC to left and right of cross with X at centre, on three steps.
exergue: IC/XC//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: A.D., ref: SB 1976, BMC 86-90,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Manuel-I__Comnenus_(1143-1180_A_D_),_AE-1_2-Tetarteron,_Sear_1978,_Thessalonica,_Bust_of_Christ_facing,-s.jpg
B 062 Manuel I. Comnenus (1143-1180 A.D.), SB 1978, AE-Half-Tetarteron, IC/XC//--, Thessalonica, Bust of Christ facing,102 viewsB 062 Manuel I. Comnenus (1143-1180 A.D.), SB 1978, AE-Half-Tetarteron, IC/XC//--, Thessalonica, Bust of Christ facing,
avers:- MANΥHΛ ΔΕCΠOTH, Manuel , bearded stg. facing wearing crown and military attire , and holding cruciform sceptre and gl. cr.
reverse:- Bust of Christ facing, beardless, wearing nimbus cr. pallium and colobium and raising r hand in benediction in l. scroll. L. IC to r. XC .
exergue: IC/XC//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: A.D., ref: SB 1978, p-398,
Q-001
quadrans
B_062_Manuel-I__Comnenus_(1143-1180_A_D_),_SB_1979,_AE-Half-Tetarteron,_Thessalonica,_Q-001_5h_16x16mm_2,65g-s.jpg
B 062 Manuel I. Comnenus (1143-1180 A.D.), SB 1979, AE-Half-Tetarteron, Thessalonica, Monogram Sear 58 (Δ-M-K-ΠΛ), #182 viewsB 062 Manuel I. Comnenus (1143-1180 A.D.), SB 1979, AE-Half-Tetarteron, Thessalonica, Monogram Sear 58 (Δ-M-K-ΠΛ), #1
avers: No legend, crowned, unbearded bust of Manuel facing, wearing loros, holding labarum and cross on globe.
reverse: Monogram Sear 58 (Δ-M-K-ΠΛ clockwise from left at the ends of a cross) in large letters
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 16x16mm, weight: 2,65g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: A.D., ref: SB 1979, p-398,
Q-001
quadrans
B_062_Manuel-I__Comnenus_(1143-1180_A_D_),_SB_1979,_AE-Half-Tetarteron,_Thessalonica,_Q-002_6h_15,5x15,5mm_2,31g-s.jpg
B 062 Manuel I. Comnenus (1143-1180 A.D.), SB 1979, AE-Half-Tetarteron, Thessalonica, Monogram Sear 58 (Δ-M-K-ΠΛ), #270 viewsB 062 Manuel I. Comnenus (1143-1180 A.D.), SB 1979, AE-Half-Tetarteron, Thessalonica, Monogram Sear 58 (Δ-M-K-ΠΛ), #2
avers: No legend, crowned, unbearded bust of Manuel facing, wearing loros, holding labarum and cross on globe.
reverse: Monogram Sear 58 (Δ-M-K-ΠΛ clockwise from left at the ends of a cross) in large letters
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 15,5x15,5mm, weight: 2,31g, axis: 6h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: A.D., ref: SB 1979, p-398,
Q-002
quadrans
basilII_constantin_VIII,_SBCV1818.jpg
Basil II & Constantin VIII, SBCV 181811 viewsBasil II & Constantin VIII, AD 1023-1028
AE 30, 8.94g, 30.1mm, 180°
so-called anonymous follis, type A3
struck in a provincial mint(?)
obv. EMMA - NOVHL
in l. and r. field IC - XC
Bust of Christus, with nimbus, in pallium and colobium, holding in both hand New
Testament
nimbus and New Testament decorated with crosses
rev. IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASIEu / bASILE
legend in 4 lines, above and below a cross
ref. SBCV 1818; Grierson - NumisWiki Ornaments 32
about VF, rev. a bit excentric
From Foruma Ancient Coins, thanks!

Emmanuel = God with us (Matthew 1:2, Isaiah 7:14)
IC - XC = Iesous Xristos
IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASIEu / bASILE = Iesus Xristus King of kings
Pallium: Mantle of emperors and kings
Colobium: Sleeveless long tunic worn by Christus on the cross
Jochen
dCillySA5bY.jpg
Bavaria. Maximilian II Emanuel. Second reign. Dated 1717.24 viewsGERMANY, Bayern. Munich mint. AR 3 Kreuzer -Landgroschen (20.5mm, 1.52 g, 12h). Head right / Coat-of-arms. Schön 24; KM 149. Ruslan K
sb196328mm346g.jpg
Billion aspron trachy Manuel I SB 196317 viewsObverse: Christ bearded, seated facing on throne with back, wearing nimbus cr., pallium and colobium, and raising r. hand in benediction; in l., book of gospels to l., IC to r., XC.
Reverse: Manuel bearded, stg, facing wearing crown, divitision and loros, holding cruciform sceptre and gl. cr.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1152-1160? Second Coinage
Sear 1963 DOC 11b var B collar-peice with five jewels gl. cr of linear form
wileyc
2010-05-07_SB_2056.jpg
Billion trachea large Module Latin Rulers Type B SB 2056148 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ Emmanuel bearded (sic) and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds scroll in L. hand.
Reverse: Full length figure of emperor wearing stemma, divitision, and chlamys; holds in r. hand labarum-headed sceptre and il l., gl. cr.
Mint:Thessalonica
Date: 1204-24 CE
Sear 2056
16/21mm 1.83 gm
wileyc
sb2144.jpg
Billion trachy John III Type V, SB 214434 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ Emmanuel, beardless, and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds scroll in l. hand.
Reverse: Full length figure of emperor on l, and St. Tryphon, beardless and nimbate, holding between them long shaft at the head of which lys, and the base of which small globe. Emperor wears stemma, divitison, jeweled loros of simplified type, and sagion; holds labarum on long shaft in r. hand. Saint wears short military tunic, breastplate, and sagion; holds scepter with triple heard in l. hand.
Mint:Magnesia
Date: 1221-1254 CE
Sear 2144 attributed originally to Theodore II (type D (12.1-6) now John III Type V; pls XXXVI and LIV).
25mm, 3.26
wileyc
sear_2056.jpg
Billion trachy lg module Hendy Type B (of Thessalonica) SB 205665 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ Emmanuel , bearded nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion holds scroll in l.
Reverse: Emperor stg. wearing divitision and chlamys holds labarum in r. gl. cr. in l.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1204-1224 Attributed to Boniface de Montferrat )1204-07) or Demetrius de Montferrat bu Malloy et al
Sear 2056 Hendy type B 28.5-8
26mm 2.06gm
wileyc
sb2177.jpg
Billion trachy Manuel -Ducas SB 2177 Type A trimmed43 viewsObverse; Bust of St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic, breastplate, and sagion; holds in r. hand spear, and in l., hilt of sword or cross.
Reverse: Full length figure of ruler(Manuel) crowned by Christ, bearded and nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, and paneled chlamys; holds in r. hand scepter crucifier and in l., anexikakia. Christ wears tunic and kolobion holds Gospels in l. hand.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1230-37CE
Sear 2177
20mm, .80g
wileyc
sb2069.jpg
Billion Trachy, Theodore I type E, SB 2069/ John II per Dumbarton Oaks Catalogue (DOC IV)32 viewsObverse: IC XC O EMMANOHA in two columnar groups. Bust of Christ Emmanuel, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion, holds scroll in l. hand. five dots in each limb of nimbus cross.
Reverse: Full length figure of emperor on l., and St. Theodore, bearded and nimbate, holding between them shaft, at head of which a star, and at base of which a kite shaped shield. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, and chlamys; holds in r. and labarum headed scepter. Saint wears short military tunic and breastplate; holds spear in l. hand, resting over shoulder.
Mint: Magnesia
Date: 1222-1254 CE
SB 2069
28mm, 2.88g
wileyc
0_014.JPG
Bulgarian Imitation of Manuel I32 viewsAE - Trachy
Two figures standing facing,
left figure wearing collar with six dots, waist band with five.
Christ, nimbate, standing facing
star to either side
Type A
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Sear_1966_[6]_Bulgarian.jpg
Bulgarian imitative type A31 viewsBillon aspron trachy, weight 2.13g., diameter 25mm. Contemporary imitative, from the early years of the 13th century, and probably minted in Thrace. Type A copies the one of the official trachea types of Manuel I (Sear 1966).Abu Galyon
AABYZ2.jpg
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - MANUEL I51 viewsBronze tetarteron, S 1980, uncertain mint, obverse to left Q / G / e , to right W / GI / O / C (or similar), bust of St. George facing, beardless, wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass, and sagion and holding spear and shield; reverse MANMHL DeCPOT (or similar), Manuel, bust facing, wearing crown and loros and holding labarum and globus cruciger;dpaul7
AABYZ1.jpg
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - MANUEL I52 viewsBronze tetarteron, S 1980, uncertain mint, obverse to left Q / G / e , to right W / GI / O / C (or similar), bust of St. George facing, beardless, wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass, and sagion and holding spear and shield; reverse MANMHL DeCPOT (or similar), Manuel, bust facing, wearing crown and loros and holding labarum and globus cruciger;dpaul7
MANUEL I TRACHY.jpg
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - MANUEL I109 viewsManuel I 1143-1180AD Billon trachy "Mother Deum" Billon trachy, 3.68 g., 30 mm. Obv.: The Virgin enthroned. Nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium. Rev.: Manuel standing facing, wearing crown, holding labarum and globe surmounted by Patriarchal cross. Ref.: D. Sear. Byzantine coins and their values, p. 396, 1964 dpaul7
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Byzantine Empire, Manuel I Comnenus, AE Tetarteron.9 viewsThessalonica 1143-1180 A.D. 4.00g - 20.4mm, Axis 12h.

Obv: Γ / E-WP / ΓI / OC - Facing bust of St. George, unbearded, nimbate, wearing tunic, cuirasse and cloak, holding spear and shield.

Rev: MANOVH-Λ ΔECΠOT - Crowned bust of Manuel, wearing loros, holding labarum and cross on globe.

SB 1975; BMC 75-77.
Christian Scarlioli
Sear-2012.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Alexius III Angelus-Comnenus (1195-1203) BI Aspron Trachy, Constantinople (Sear-2012; DOC 3)32 viewsObv: Facing bust of Christ Emmanuel
Rev: Alexius and St. Constantine standing facing, holding labara and a globus cruciger between them


ex Prue Morgan Fitts Collection; ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 355, 15 July 2015, Lot 757
Quant.Geek
Sear-1853(3).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Constantine X Ducas (1059-1067) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1853; DOC 8)12 viewsObv: +ЄMMA NOVHA; Christ Emmanuel standing facing on footstool, wearing nimbus, pallium and colobium, holding book of Gospels with both hands; in fields, IC XC
Rev: +ΚШΝΤΔΚ ЄVΔΚΑVΓΟ; Eudocia and Constantine X standing facing, both crowned and wearing loros, holding between them labarum, with cross on shaft, resting on three steps
Dim: 27 mm, 7.43 g, 5 h
Quant.Geek
Sear-1853.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Constantine X Ducas (1059-1067) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1853; DOC 8)17 viewsObv: +ЄMMA NOVHA; Christ Emmanuel standing facing on footstool, wearing nimbus, pallium and colobium, holding book of Gospels with both hands; in fields, IC XC
Rev: +ΚШΝΤΔΚ ЄVΔΚΑVΓΟ; Eudocia and Constantine X standing facing, both crowned and wearing loros, holding between them labarum, with cross on shaft, resting on three steps
SpongeBob
Sear-1853(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Constantine X Ducas (1059-1067) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1853; DOC 8)14 viewsSTOLEN DURING TRANSIT

Obv: +ЄMMA NOVHA; Christ Emmanuel standing facing on footstool, wearing nimbus, pallium and colobium, holding book of Gospels with both hands; in fields, IC XC
Rev: +ΚШΝΤΔΚ ЄVΔΚΑVΓΟ; Eudocia and Constantine X standing facing, both crowned and wearing loros, holding between them labarum, with cross on shaft, resting on three steps
SpongeBob
Sear-1853(2).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Constantine X Ducas (1059-1067) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1853; DOC 8)10 viewsObv: +ЄMMA NOVHA; Christ Emmanuel standing facing on footstool, wearing nimbus, pallium and colobium, holding book of Gospels with both hands; in fields, IC XC
Rev: +ΚШΝΤΔΚ ЄVΔΚΑVΓΟ; Eudocia and Constantine X standing facing, both crowned and wearing loros, holding between them labarum, with cross on shaft, resting on three steps
Quant.Geek
Sear-1976.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Manuel I Commenus (1143-1180) AE Tetarteron (Sear-1976)45 viewsObv: IC - XC.
Cross with X at centre, standing on three steps.
Rev: ΜΛΝϪΗΛ ΔЄCΠΟΤΗ;
Half-length facing figure of Manuel, wearing crown, divitision and loros, holding labarum and globus cruciger.
1 commentsSpongeBob
Sear-1976(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Manuel I Commenus (1143-1180) AE Tetarteron (Sear-1976)11 viewsObv: IC - XC; Cross with X at centre, standing on three steps.
Rev: ΜΛΝϪΗΛ ΔЄCΠΟΤΗ; Half-length facing figure of Manuel, wearing crown, divitision and loros, holding labarum and globus cruciger.
SpongeBob
Sear-1968.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Manuel I Comnenus (1143-1180 CE) Tetarteron, Constantinople (Sear-1968)28 viewsObv: MP-ΘV; Virgin Hagiosoritissa, nimbate, wearing pallium and maphorium, standing slightly right, raising hands to Manus Dei to upper right
Rev: ΜΑΝVΗΛ-ΔЄCΠΟΤΗC; Manuel, bearded, standing facing, wearing crown, divitision, loros and sagion, cruciform sceptre in right hand, akakia in left

1 commentsQuant.Geek
Sear-1964(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Manuel I Comnenus (1143-1180) BI Aspron Trachy (Sear 1964; DOC IV 12b)12 viewsObv: MP - ΘV to left and right of Mary, nimbate, seated facing on throne without back, holding beardless, nimbate head of Christ before her
Rev: ΜAΝϪΗΛ ΔЄCΠΟΤΗ (or similar); Manuel, crowned, wearing chlamys and divitision, standing facing, holding labarum and patriarchal cross on globe
Quant.Geek
Sear-1964.JPG
Byzantine Empire: Manuel I Comnenus (1143-1180) BI Aspron Trachy (Sear-1964)49 viewsObv: MP - ΘV to left and right of Mary, nimbate, seated facing on throne without back, holding beardless, nimbate head of Christ before her
Rev: ΜAΝϪΗΛ ΔЄCΠΟΤΗ (or similar); Manuel, crowned, wearing chlamys and divitision, standing facing, holding labarum and patriarchal cross on globe
SpongeBob
Sear-1978.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Manuel I Comnenus (1143-1180) Æ Half Tetarteron, Thessalonica (Sear-1978; DOC 21)30 viewsObv: Facing bust of Christ Emmanuel, raising right hand in benediction, holding volumen in left
Rev: Manuel standing facing, holding cruciform scepter and globus cruciger

From the Prue Morgan Fitts Collection
1 commentsSpongeBob
Sear-1978(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Manuel I Comnenus (1143-1180) Æ Half Tetarteron, Thessalonica (Sear-1978; DOC 21)10 viewsObv: Facing bust of Christ Emmanuel, raising right hand in benediction, holding volumen in left
Rev: ΜΛΝϪΗΛ ΔЄC ΠΟΤΗ; Manuel standing facing, holding cruciform scepter and globus cruciger
Quant.Geek
Sear-1979.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Manuel I Comnenus (1143-1180) Æ Half Tetarteron, Uncertain Greek Mint (Sear-1979)11 viewsObv: Sear Monogram 58 of Manuel
Rev: Crowned facing bust, holding labarum and globus cruciger


SpongeBob
Sear-1979(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Manuel I Comnenus (1143-1180) Æ Half Tetarteron, Uncertain Greek Mint (Sear-1979)13 viewsObv: Sear Monogram 58 of Manuel
Rev: Crowned facing bust, holding labarum and globus cruciger


SpongeBob
Sear-1975(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Manuel I Comnenus (1143-1180) Æ Tetarteron, Thessalonica (Sear-1975)14 viewsObv: Θ/Γ/Є ШP/ΓI/O/C; Bust of St. George, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic, breastplate, and sagion; holds in right hand spear, and in left , shield
Rev: MANOV HΛ ΔECΠOT; Bust of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar-piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger
Weight: 3.4 g
Diameter: 19 mm
SpongeBob
Sear-1975.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Manuel I Comnenus (1143-1180) Æ Tetarteron, Thessalonica (Sear-1975)70 viewsObv: Θ/Γ/Є ШP/ΓI/O/C; Bust of St. George, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic, breastplate, and sagion; holds in right hand spear, and in left , shield
Rev: MANOV HΛ ΔECΠOT; Bust of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar-piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger
1 commentsSpongeBob
Sear-2551.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Manuel II Palaeologus (1391-1425) AR half-stavraton, Constantinople (Sear-2551; DOC 1453)40 viewsObv: Facing bust of Christ Pantocrator, with crucifom nimbus, holding book of Gospels; IC - XC over C - Φ flanking
Rev: [MA]NOVHΛ BACIΛЄVC O ΠΑΛЄ[OΛOΓOC], nimbate and crowned facing bust of Manuel; Φ-C flanking

From The Andre Constantine Dimitriadis Collection


1 commentsSpongeBob
Sear-2552.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Manuel II Palaeologus (1391-1425) AR half-stavraton, Public Mint (Sear 2551; PCPC 343.10, sigla 76)15 viewsObv: Facing bust of Christ Pantocrator, with crucifom nimbus, holding book of Gospels; IC - XC
Rev: MANVHΛ E XPICTO TO ΘEO ΠICT; nimbate and crowned facing bust of Manuel; B - Δ flanking
Quant.Geek
Sear-2559.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Manuel II Palaeologus (1391-1425) Æ Follaro, Constantinople (Sear-2559; DOC 1610)12 viewsObv: Greek cross with star in each angle
Rev: Crowned facing bust
SpongeBob
Sear-2559(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Manuel II Palaeologus (1391-1425) Æ Follaro, Constantinople (Sear-2559; DOC 1610)17 viewsObv: Greek cross with star in each angle
Rev: MAN-OVHΛ; Crowned facing bust
SpongeBob
Sear-2093.jpg
Byzantine Period, Empire of Nicaea: John III Ducas-Vatazes (1222-1254) BI Trachy, Magnesia Mint (Sear-2093; DOC 39.2)201 viewsObv: Bust of Christ Emmanuel, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; hold scroll in left hand. Pellets in each limb of nimbus cross
Rev: Full-length figure of emperor on left, and of St. Constantine bearded, holding between them patriarchal cross at the base of which, three steps. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, jeweled loros of simplified type, and sagion; holds labarum-headed scepter in right hand. Saint similarly dressed, holds scepter cruciger in left hand

Plate Coin from the Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection
2 commentsSpongeBob
LatinS2026.JPG
BYZANTINE, Bulgarian Imitation 1195-1200 106 viewsObv: Christ Enthroned
Rev: Emperor Holding Scepter, Crowned by Virgin
DO Vol IV, Plate XXVI, 1
Imitation of Manuel I, Sear 1966
Laetvs
Basil_II___Constantine_VIII_-_Christ-.jpg
Byzantine, Christ, Anonymous Folles. temp. Basil II & Constantine VIII, circa 976-1025. 490 viewsÆ Follis (28mm, 12.04 g, 6h). Class A2. Constantinople mint. Nimbate half-length bust of Christ facing, holding Gospels / [+] IhSЧ[S]/[X]PISTЧS/[Ь]ASILЄЧ/ЬASILЄ in four lines ( Jesus Christ King of Kings ); rectangular ornament below. DOC A2.47; SB 1813. VF, dark green patina with earthen highlights/deposits, a few cleaning scratches. EX ; The Prue Morgan Fitts Collection.

EX The Sam Mansourati Collection.

*A fine masterpiece of one of the very early portraits of Christ according to Saint Veronica 's Veil.
**The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.

Given as a Christmas Present to Dear friend , brother and great dentist , Dr. Manuel M. Cunanan .
Sam
s-1998bb.jpg
BYZANTINE, ISAAC COMNENUS OF CYPRUS AG TETARTERON SBCV-1998 180 viewsDOC 610 CLBC 6.3.6A GR 1125

OBV Christ Emmanuel, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion, seated upon throne with back; r hand raised in benediction holds scroll in l. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor on l. crowned by virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r hand scepter cruciger and in l. anexikakia. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.

Size 18.5/20mm

Weight 4.2

These issues in Cyprus have a small amount of silver in them 1.5% make them more related to the Metropolitan issue of the empire. This issue is heavier than most listed types. Variations of Isaac Comnenus coinage seem more common than the Byzantine Emperors, in this case the sash on the Emperors waist.

I have decided not clean this coin any further,I think it is attractive as it stands.

DOC list 4 examples with a weight of 2.81 to 2.84 and sized at 19mm to 21mm
1 commentsSimon
john7_half_stav.jpg
BYZANTINE, John VII Palaeologus, AR 1/2 stavraton, 1399-1402 AD.67 viewsJean VII Paléologue, régent pour Manuel II (1399-1403), AR 1/2 stavraton, Constantinople.
Obv: D/B. du Christ de f., entre IC-XC. Sur le tour, quatorze globules et C-?. R.
Rev: I?ANIC BACI??VC [######] B. de l'empereur nimbé de f., entre deux points.
Sear 2562; D.O. 1334; PCPC 346 (sigle 8). 3,01g. Rare
Jean Elsen auc 125 lot 945
chance v
aa3.jpg
Byzantine, MANUEL COMENUNUS, METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON SBCV-1968 DOC 15 CLBC 4.4.2 167 viewsOBV Full length figure of the Virgin, nimbate, orans, wearing tunic, and maphorion turned to the r. Manus Dei (Hands of God) in upper field to r.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, jeweled loros of a simplified type and Saigon; holds in right hand scepter cruciger and in l. anexikakia

Size 20.53mm

Weight 4.2gm

Cosmopolitan Issue were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash (Silver traces are common on Cosmopolitan issues but intact fully silvered coins are very rare.) These more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Cosmopolitan issue are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues

DOC lists 34 examples with weights from 2.32 to 4.9gm and size from 17mm to 22mm

The coins only flaw, wear on the Virgins face. Other that near perfect centering and a wonderful reverse strike.
6 commentsSimon
a5~0.jpg
Byzantine, MANUEL COMNENUS AE HALF TETARTERON SBCV-1980 DOC 23 CLBC 4.4.9 68 viewsOBV Bust of St. George, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic, breastplate, and Saigon; holds in r. hand spear, and in l. shield.

REV Bust of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum headed scepter, and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 17.30 mm

Weight 2.4gm

This example is beautiful . I would grade aEF Manuel's nose is rubbed away but patina is consistant , rarity 1/5 Common coin , uncommon condition.

3 commentsSimon
Manuel_Comnenus_dukas.jpg
BYZANTINE, Manuel Comnenus Dukas, Aspron Trachy21 viewsAspron trachy edges cut , Thessalonica 1230-1237, copper maybe with a little bit silver 1,2 g. Half-length figure of Archangel Michael, nimbate, holding in r. hand sword resting over shoulder. nearly unvisible. Rev. The Emperor, on l., and St. Constantine, on r., both standing facing and holding a patriarchal cross between them. DO 6. Sear 2180. LBC 356Franz-Josef M
j3~0.jpg
Byzantine, MANUEL Comnenus I, METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON SBCV-1969 DOC 16 CLBC 4.4.3 91 views
OBV Full length figure of Christ standing on a dais, bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; right hand raised high in benediction holds Gospels in l. hand. Pellets in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, jeweled loros of a simplified type and Saigon; holds in right a labrum on a long shaft. On which X and in l. globus cruciger


Size 19.6mm

Weight 3.0


DOC lists 11 examples with weights from 2.76 to 4.14 gm and sizes from 18mm to 20mm
4 commentsSimon
1979~0.jpg
Byzantine, MANUEL Comnenus, AE Half Tetarteron SBCV-1979 DOC 22 CLBC 4.4.11 33 viewsOBV Large, often ill formed letters

REV Bust of emperor, beardless, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece ( Most frequently decorated with 6 jewels) and paneled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 17.33mm

Weight 2.59 gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

This coin is good Very fine, lightly circulated. I believe this to be a perfect example.

DOC lists 27 examples with weights ranging from 1.10gm to 2.96 gm with sizes from 14mm to 18mm.
Simon
920_manuel.jpg
BYZANTINE, Manuel Comnenus, Aspron Trachy16 viewsFranz-Josef M
1966.jpg
Byzantine, MANUEL COMNENUS, Billion Aspron Trachy SBCV-1966 DOC IV -13c 81 viewsOBV Christ, bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion, seated upon throne without back; holds Gospels in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded on l., crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar piece, jeweled loros of a simplified type ; holds in right hand labarum-scepter, and inl. Gl cr.Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.

Size 31mm

Weight 4.63gm

A nearly perfect strike and that is exceptional. If you notice Christs head you will see the nimbus dots ever so slightly out of alignment. The dies were fresh when struck. Truly Exceptional.
2 commentsSimon
Schuessel_1.jpg
BYZANTINE, Manuel Comnenus, Trachy31 viewsFranz-Josef M
manuel_1_tet.jpg
BYZANTINE, MANUEL I34 viewsManuel I
AE tetarteron 16mm
1 commentsseaotter
manuel_1_tet_3.jpg
BYZANTINE, MANUEL I16 viewsManuel I
AE tetarteron 16mm
seaotter
manuel_1tet_2.jpg
BYZANTINE, MANUEL I24 viewsManuel I
AE tetarteron 16mm
seaotter
ManuelIS1966.JPG
BYZANTINE, Manuel I 1143-1180 Constantinople93 viewsObv: Christ Enthroned
Rev: Virgin Crowning Emperor
Sear 1966
1 commentsLaetvs
ManuelIS1968.JPG
BYZANTINE, Manuel I 1143-1180 Constantinople58 viewsObv: Virgin Orans to Manus Dei at Right,
Rev: Emperor Holding Scepter and Akakia
Sear 1968
Laetvs
PC171133.jpg
BYZANTINE, Manuel I 1143-1180 Constantinople39 viewsObv: Christ Enthroned
Rev: Virgin Crowning Emperor
Sear 1966

This coin has been very neatly clipped, in contrast to the crudely clipped Latin trachea that are quite common. Its size is 17 mm. According to DO Vol IV, some trachea of John II through Alexius III were officially clipped in Constantinople between 1195 and 1204 to reduce their bullion value to their actual face value. This practice apparently ended with the Latin conquest in 1204.

Coins of this type are pictured in DO VOl IV Plate LIII, 13d.22 and 13f.38.
Laetvs
ManuelBillonTrachy.JPG
BYZANTINE, Manuel I Billon Trachy29 viewsObv: Christ enthroned facing.

Rev: The Virgin crowning emperor.

Date: 1143 - 1180 A.D.

30.54 mm - 5.8 grams

Ref: S. 1966
1 commentsSylvianus
Manuel 1~0.jpg
BYZANTINE, Manuel I, 1143 - 1180, AV Hyperpyron, Sear 155657 viewsA brave general but even more skillful diplomat and statesman. Impregnated with the idea of a universal Empire with passion for theological debate he was also perhaps the only chivalrous Emperor-Knight of Byzantine. He is a representitive of a new kind of Byzantine rulers that were influenced by the contact with the western crusaders. The customs kept in his court were not inspired by the traditional Byzantine opulence. He loved western customs and arranged jousting matches, even participating in them, an unusual and discomforting sight for the Byzantines.

Having distinguished himself in his father's war against the Seljuk Turks, he was nominated emperor in preference to his elder surviving brother. Endowed with a fine physique and great personal courage, he devoted himself whole-heartedly to a military career. He endeavoured to restore by force of arms the predominance of the Byzantine Empire in the Mediterranean countries, and so was involved in conflict with his neighbours on all sides.

[edit]
Second Crusade
In 1144 he brought back Raymond of Antioch to his allegiance, and in the following year drove the Seljuk Turks out of Isauria. In 1147 he granted a passage through his dominions to two armies of the Second Crusade under Conrad III of Germany and Louis VII of France; but the numerous outbreaks of overt or secret hostility between the Franks and the Greeks on their line of march, for which both sides were to blame, nearly precipitated a conflict between Manuel and his guests.

goldcoin
manuela_half_stv_thirdone.jpg
BYZANTINE, Manuel II Palaeologus, AR 1/2 stavraton, 1403-1425 AD59 viewsManuel II Paléologue (1391-1425), AR 1/2 stavraton, 1403-1425, Constantinople.
Obv: D/ B. du Christ de f. A g. ?.
Rev: R/ B. de Manuel de f. entre deux poins. A g., ?. ?ICTO en fin de légende.
Sear 2552; D.O. 1507; PCPC 343. 3,65g.
Jean Elsen auc 125 lot 940.
chance v
manuel_ii.JPG
BYZANTINE, Manuel II Palaeologus, AR 1/2 stavraton, 1403-1425 AD111 viewsManuel II Palaeologus (1391-1425), AR 1/2 stavraton, 1403-1425, Constantinople. Class II.
Obverse: B. Christ's face, between IC-XC. A left christogramme.
Reverse: B. the haloed Emperor face between two points.
Sear 2551; D.O. 1414; PCPC 334.5: Ref.. 3.44 g.
Jean Elsen auc 118 lot 515
1 commentschance v
manuel_half_stv_2nd_one.jpg
BYZANTINE, Manuel II Palaeologus, AR 1/2 stavraton, 1403-1425 AD55 viewsManuel II Paléologue (1391-1425), AR 1/2 stavraton (1/4 hyperpère), Constantinople.
Obv: D/ B. du Christ accosté de IC-XC. A g., une étoile.
Rev: R/ B. de l'empereur nimbé de f., accosté de deux points.
D.O. 1317; PCPC 334. 3,13g.
Jean Elsen auc 125 lot 937.
chance v
manuel_2_eighth_stav.jpg
BYZANTINE, Manuel II Palaeologus, AR 1/8th stavraton, 1403-1425 AD57 viewsManuel II Paléologue (1391-1425), AR 1/8 de stavraton, 1403-1425, Constantinople.
Obv: D/ B. du Christ de f. entre C-?.
Rev: R/ B. de l'empereur de f. entre deux points.
Sear 2553; D.O. 1543; PCPC 335. 0,55g.
Jean Elsen auc 125 lot 943.
chance v
manuel_ii_stavraton.jpg
BYZANTINE, Manuel II Palaeologus, AR Stavraton, 1403-1425 AD72 viewsManuel II Palaeologus AR Stavraton. Constantinople, AD 1403-1425.
Obv: Bust of Christ facing, lys and K monogram in fields.
Rev: Bust of emperor facing.
DOC 1402; Sear 2549. 7.08g, 25mm, 6h.
Rome Numismatics esale 9 lot 812
chance v
PC241159.JPG
BYZANTINE, Thessalonica Manuel 1230-123745 viewsObv: St. Theodore
Rev: Emperor and St. Demetrius with Sword Between Them, Manus Dei Above, Sear 2182.
Overstruck on Sear 2177, DO IV pl XLI 3c.L (visible at upper left of obverse, lower left of reverse)
Laetvs
ThesS2132.JPG
BYZANTINE, Thessalonica Manuel 1230-123744 viewsObv: St Theodore (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor and St. Demetrius with Sword Between Them, Manus Dei Above
Sear 2182
Laetvs
ThesS2185.JPG
BYZANTINE, Thessalonica Manuel 1230-123761 viewsObv: Virgin Orans (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor and St. Demetrius with Patriarchal Cross-Topped Globus Cruciger
Small Module
Sear 2185
Laetvs
ThesS2179.JPG
BYZANTINE, Thessalonica Manuel 1230-123753 viewsObv: Virgin Orans
Rev: Emperor and St. Demetrius with Patriarchal Cross-topped Globus Between Them
Sear 2179
Laetvs
ThesS2182.JPG
BYZANTINE, Thessalonica Manuel 1230-123768 viewsObv: St. Theodore
Rev: Emperor and St. Demetrius with Sword Between Them, Manus Dei Above
Sear 2182
Laetvs
ThesS2182ov.JPG
BYZANTINE, Thessalonica Manuel 1230-123759 viewsObv: St. Theodore
Rev: Emperor and St. Demetrius with Sword Between Them, Manus Dei Above
Sear 2182
(Overstruck on an uncertain undertype. Christ's face is visible to the left of the Emperor.)
Laetvs
134.JPG
BYZANTINE, Thessalonica Manuel 1230-1237 44 viewsObv: Archangel Michael Standing
Rev: Emperor and St. Demetrius Enthroned,
Holding Model City Between Them
Sear 2183, DO IV plate XLI, 9
Laetvs
unk.JPG
BYZANTINE, Thessalonica Manuel 1230-123752 viewsObv: St. Michael (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor and St. Demetrius Enthroned, Holding Model of Thessalonica Between Them
19 x 17 mm
Sear 2183 variant, DOC vol IV, pl. XLI, 9 variant

This coin is unpublished in Sear and DOC as a small module. Other differences: on this coin Manuel is holding a sword instead of a scepter, and there is no legend between the figures. If anyone has seen a coin like this, or has any further information about it, please let me know.
Laetvs
Thess2179~0.JPG
BYZANTINE, Thessalonica Manuel 1230-123758 viewsObv: Virgin Orans
Rev: Emperor and St. Demetrius with Patriarchal Cross-topped Globus Between Them
Sear 2179
Laetvs
sb1867classg27mm549g.jpg
Class G, sb1867 attributed to Romanus IV 1068-1071 CE27 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cr., pallium and colobium, and raising r. hand in benediction; in l., hand scroll ; to l., IC to r., XC barred.
Reverse: Facing bust of virgans roans, nimbate and wearing palladium and maphorium; to l., MP to r., OV; border of large pellets.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1068-1071 CE
SB 1867 Class G
27mm, 5.49g
-The depiction of the Virgin Mary with her hands upraised in prayer ("orans") is of very ancient origin in Christian art. In the mausoleum of St Agnes in Rome is a depiction dating to the 4th century which depicts the Theotokos with hands raised in prayer and the infant Jesus sitting upon her knees. There is also an ancient Byzantine icon of the Mother of God "Nikopea" from the 6th century, where the Virgin Mary is depicted seated upon a throne and holding in her hands an oval shield with the image of "Emmanuel"

s the Virgin appears to be praying –her arms are extended outward- this icon type is also called the Virgin Orans. The title Orans (a person praying) comes from a type of non-narrative symbolic figure with outstretched arms we find in the catacombs and on sarcophagi (used in other situations, as well). Such figures –always female- were common in pagan imagery and were thought to symbolize filial piety. They were used, in funerary art, to represent the human soul (also thought to be female) of a deceased person. The early Christians adopted the figure for the same symbolic reason. Some art historians are of the opinion that the so called “orans” (or orant) figure also symbolized the whole Church at prayer. For this reason, the Virgin Orans is sometimes understood to be Mary, in her role as image of the Church, bringing Christ to the world and interceding for mankind with her Son. Orans or orant are generic terms now often used to describe any person in life or art praying with outstretched arms.
wileyc
sb1867_25mm_971g.jpg
Class G, sb1867 attributed to Romanus IV 1068-1071 CE21 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cr., pallium and colobium, and raising r. hand in benediction; in l., hand scroll ; to l., IC to r., XC barred.
Reverse: Facing bust of virgans roans, nimbate and wearing palladium and maphorium; to l., MP to r., OV; border of large pellets.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1068-1071 CE
SB 1867 Class G
25mm, 9.71g
-The depiction of the Virgin Mary with her hands upraised in prayer ("orans") is of very ancient origin in Christian art. In the mausoleum of St Agnes in Rome is a depiction dating to the 4th century which depicts the Theotokos with hands raised in prayer and the infant Jesus sitting upon her knees. There is also an ancient Byzantine icon of the Mother of God "Nikopea" from the 6th century, where the Virgin Mary is depicted seated upon a throne and holding in her hands an oval shield with the image of "Emmanuel"

s the Virgin appears to be praying –her arms are extended outward- this icon type is also called the Virgin Orans. The title Orans (a person praying) comes from a type of non-narrative symbolic figure with outstretched arms we find in the catacombs and on sarcophagi (used in other situations, as well). Such figures –always female- were common in pagan imagery and were thought to symbolize filial piety. They were used, in funerary art, to represent the human soul (also thought to be female) of a deceased person. The early Christians adopted the figure for the same symbolic reason. Some art historians are of the opinion that the so called “orans” (or orant) figure also symbolized the whole Church at prayer. For this reason, the Virgin Orans is sometimes understood to be Mary, in her role as image of the Church, bringing Christ to the world and interceding for mankind with her Son. Orans or orant are generic terms now often used to describe any person in life or art praying with outstretched arms.
wileyc
sb1867_24mm_768g.jpg
Class G, sb1867 attributed to Romanus IV 1068-1071 CE23 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cr., pallium and colobium, and raising r. hand in benediction; in l., hand scroll ; to l., IC to r., XC barred.
Reverse: Facing bust of virgans roans, nimbate and wearing palladium and maphorium; to l., MP to r., OV; border of large pellets.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1068-1071 CE
SB 1867 Class G
24mm, 7.68g
-The depiction of the Virgin Mary with her hands upraised in prayer ("orans") is of very ancient origin in Christian art. In the mausoleum of St Agnes in Rome is a depiction dating to the 4th century which depicts the Theotokos with hands raised in prayer and the infant Jesus sitting upon her knees. There is also an ancient Byzantine icon of the Mother of God "Nikopea" from the 6th century, where the Virgin Mary is depicted seated upon a throne and holding in her hands an oval shield with the image of "Emmanuel"

s the Virgin appears to be praying –her arms are extended outward- this icon type is also called the Virgin Orans. The title Orans (a person praying) comes from a type of non-narrative symbolic figure with outstretched arms we find in the catacombs and on sarcophagi (used in other situations, as well). Such figures –always female- were common in pagan imagery and were thought to symbolize filial piety. They were used, in funerary art, to represent the human soul (also thought to be female) of a deceased person. The early Christians adopted the figure for the same symbolic reason. Some art historians are of the opinion that the so called “orans” (or orant) figure also symbolized the whole Church at prayer. For this reason, the Virgin Orans is sometimes understood to be Mary, in her role as image of the Church, bringing Christ to the world and interceding for mankind with her Son. Orans or orant are generic terms now often used to describe any person in life or art praying with outstretched arms.
wileyc
clippedtrachysb196620mm138g.jpg
clipped trachy of Manuel I SB 196625 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966
20mm, 1.38g
wileyc
clippedtrachysb196618mm118g.jpg
clipped trachy of Manuel I SB 196612 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966
18mm, 1.18g
wileyc
10039b.jpg
Crusader States, Normans of Sicily, William II, AD 1166-1189, AE Trifollaro, Spahr 117.75 viewsCrusader States, Sicily, William II, AD 1166-1189, AE Trifollaro (24-25 mm), 8,82 g.
Obv.: Facing head of lioness within circle of dots.
Re.: Palm tree with five branches and two bunches of dates, within circle of dots.
Biaggi 1231, Spahr 117 ; Grie 210 (Roger II); Thom 2480 .

William II of Sicily (1153-1189), called the Good, was king of Sicily and Naples from 1166 to 1189.
William was only thirteen years old at the death of his father William I, when he was placed under the regency of his mother, Margaret of Navarre.
Until the king came of age in 1171 the government was controlled first by the chancellor Stephen du Perche, cousin of Margaret (1166-1168), and then by Walter Ophamil, archbishop of Palermo, and Matthew of Ajello, the vice-chancellor.
William's character is very indistinct. Lacking in military enterprise, secluded and pleasure-loving, he seldom emerged from his palace life at Palermo. Yet his reign is marked by an ambitious foreign policy and a vigorous diplomacy. Champion of the papacy and in secret league with the Lombard cities he was able to defy the common enemy, Frederick I Barbarossa. In 1174 and 1175 he made treaties with Genoa and Venice and his marriage in February 1177 with Joan, daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, marks his high position in European politics.
In July 1177, he sent a delegation of Archbishop Romuald of Salerno and Count Roger of Andria to sign the Treaty of Venice with the emperor. To secure the peace, he sanctioned the marriage of his aunt Constance, daughter of Roger II, with Frederick's son Henry, afterwards the emperor Henry VI, causing a general oath to be taken to her as his successor in case of his death without heirs. This step, fatal to the Norman kingdom, was possibly taken that William might devote himself to foreign conquests.
Unable to revive the African dominion, William directed his attack on Egypt, from which Saladin threatened the Latin kingdom of Jerusalem. In July 1174, 50,000 men were landed before Alexandria, but Saladin's arrival forced the Sicilians to re-embark in disorder. A better prospect opened in the confusion in Byzantine affairs which followed the death of Manuel Comnenus (1180), and William took up the old design and feud against Constantinople. Durazzo was captured (June 11, 1185). Afterwards while the army marched upon Thessalonica, the fleet sailed towards the same target capturing on their way the Ionian islands of Corfu, Cephalonia,Ithaca and Zakynthos. In August Thessalonica surrendered to the joint attack of the Sicilian fleet and army.
The troops then marched upon the capital, but the troop of the emperor Isaac Angelus overthrew the invaders on the banks of the Strymon (September 7, 1185). Thessalonica was at once abandoned and in 1189 William made peace with Isaac, abandoning all the conquests. He was now planning to induce the crusading armies of the West to pass through his territories, and seemed about to play a leading part in the Third Crusade. His admiral Margarito, a naval genius equal to George of Antioch, with 60 vessels kept the eastern Mediterranean open for the Franks, and forced the all-victorious Saladin to retire from before Tripoli in the spring of 1188.
In November 1189 William died, leaving no children. Though Orderic Vitalis records a (presumably short-lived) son in 1181: Bohemond, Duke of Apulia. His title of "the Good" is due perhaps less to his character than to the cessation of internal troubles in his reign. The "Voyage" of Ibn Jubair, a traveller in Sicily in 1183-1185, shows William surrounded by Muslim women and eunuchs, speaking and reading Arabic and living like "a Moslem king."

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

my ancient coin database
1 commentsArminius
MISC_Crusaders_Antioch_Bohemond_III_Metcalf_Class_C.JPG
Crusader States: Principality of Antioch. Bohemond III (1163-1201)87 viewsMetcalf Class C 388-391; Malloy 65-67

Billon Denier, struck circa 1163-1188, 18 mm

Obv: +BOANVNDVS [A ornamented with annulets, retrograde N’s], helmeted and mailed head left, crescent and star on either side.

Rev: +ANTIOCNIA [A’s ornamented with annulets, retrograde N’s], cross pattée, crescent in second quarter.

The Principality of Antioch was a crusader state created in 1098 during the First Crusade by Normans from Italy. In 1268, Baibars, the Mamluk Sultan of Egypt, took the city.

Bohemond (1144–1201), the “Stammerer” or the “Stutterer,” was the son of Constance of Antioch, the daughter of Bohemond II, by her first husband Raymond II of Poitiers, who was killed at the Battle of Inab in 1149 toward the end of the Second Crusade. She ruled as regent from 1149 until 1163, when Bohemond, with the assistance of King Baldwin III of Jerusalem, forced her to step down.

In 1164, Bohemond was captured by Nur ad-Din Zengi, who ruled the Syrian province of the Seljuk Empire, at the Battle of Harim. He was freed for a large ransom due to the intervention of King Amalric I of Jerusalem and Emperor Manuel I Comnenus. In 1192, after the fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem following the battle of Hattin, Bohemond signed a truce with Saladin. Due to the truce, he remained neutral during the Third Crusade.

Bohemond clashed with Levon I of Armenia, who aspired to expand his kingdom. He was captured by Levon and forced to cede the Principality to Levon. However, the Antiochenes named Bohemond’s eldest son, Raymond IV of Tripoli, as their prince. Bohemond and Levon ultimately reconciled, and Raymond married Levon’s neice, Alice, who died shortly after giving birth to their son, Raymond-Roupen. Bohemond died in 1201 and the succession was disputed between his second son, Bohemond IV, and his grandson, Raymond-Roupen.
Stkp
Sear-1992.jpg
Cyprus: Usurper Isaac Comnenus (1185-1191) Æ Aspron Trachy, Type B (Sear-1992; DOC-IV, 3)23 viewsObv: Beardless, nimbate bust of Christ Emmanuel, wearing tunnic and kolobion; holds scroll in left hand, symbol in each limb of nimbus cross.
Rev: Full-length figure of emperor wearing stemma, skaramangion, or divitision, and sagion; holds in right hand scepter cruciger, and in left, anexikakia. Manus Dei in upper right field.
SpongeBob
EB1008_scaled.JPG
EB1008 Manuel I / Monogram9 viewsManuel I. AE Half-Tetarteron, 1143-1180 AD.
Obverse: Crowned, unbearded bust of Manuel facing, wearing loros, holding labarum and cross on globe.
Reverse: Monogram Sear 57 Δ-M-K-ΠΛ.
References: SB 1977.
Diameter: 17.5mm, Weight: 1.919g.
EB
Sear-2144.jpg
Empire of Nicaea: Theodore II Ducas-Lascaris (1254-1258) AE Trachy, Magnesia (Sear-2144)15 viewsObv: Facing bust of Christ Emmanuel.
Rev: Theodore and St. Tryphon standing facing, holding lis-tipped staff between them.
SpongeBob
145812.jpg
Empire of Trebizond: Manuel I Comnenus (1238-1263) AR Asper (Sear-2601)25 viewsObv: O/A/ΓI/O − Eς/ΓE/NI/O; Saint Eugenius standing facing, long cross in right
Rev: M/N/I/Λ − O/K/N; Manuel standing facing, standard in right, akakia in left, Manus Dei upper right
SpongeBob
d~1.jpg
Italy 1927 ar 5 Lire26 viewsVittorio Emanuele III
.8350 Silver, .1334 oz ASW.
ancientone
Italy_Emanuelle_III_10_C_1911_img.jpg
Italy, 10 Centisimi, Victor Emmanuel III 50th Kingdom's Birthday, 191120 viewsKM 51

Part of a large, mixed world lot I bought on a whim.
maridvnvm
Italy- Rome- The Pantheon of Marco V Agripa and Hadrian.jpg
Italy- Rome- The Pantheon of Marco V Agripa and Hadrian45 viewsPantheon
The Pantheon is a building in Rome which was originally built as a temple to all the gods of the Roman state religion, but has been a Christian church since the 7th century AD. It is the only building from the Greco-Roman world which is completely intact and which has been in continuous use throughout its history.

History
The original Pantheon was built in 27 BC under the Roman Republic, during the third consulship of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, and his name is inscribed on the portico of the building. The inscription reads M·AGRIPPA·L·F·COS·TERTIUM·FECIT, "Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, consul for the third time, built this."

In fact, Agrippa's Pantheon was destroyed by fire in AD 80, and the Pantheon was completely rebuilt in about AD 125, during the reign of the Emperor Hadrian, as date-stamps on the bricks reveal. It was totally reconstructed, with the text of the original inscription (referring to Agrippa) added to the new facade, a common practice in Hadrian's rebuilding projects all over Rome.

Hadrian was a cosmopolitan emperor who travelled widely in the east and was a great admirer of Greek culture. He seems to have intended the Pantheon, a temple to all the gods, to be a sort of ecumenical or syncretist gesture to the subjects of the Roman Empire who did not worship the old gods of Rome, or who (as was increasingly the case) worshipped them under other names.

In AD 609 the Byzantine emperor Phocas gave the building to Pope Boniface IV, who reconsecrated it as a Christian church, the Church of Mary and all the Martyr Saints (Santa Maria ad Martyres), which title it retains.

The building's consecration as a church saved it from the abandonment and spoliation which befell the majority of ancient Rome's buildings during the early mediaeval period. The only loss has been the external sculptures, which adorned the pediment above Agrippa's inscription. The marble interior and the great bronze doors have survived, although the latter have been restored several times.

During the reign of Pope Urban VIII, the Pope ordered the bronze ceiling of the Pantheon's portico melted down. Most of the bronze was used to make bombards for the fortification of Castel Sant'Angelo, with the remaining amount used by the Apostolic Chamber for various other works. (It is also said that the bronze was used by Bernini in creating the baldachin above the main altar of St. Peter's Basilica, but according to at least one expert, the Pope's accounts state that about 90% of the bronze was used for the cannon, and that the bronze for the baldachin came from Venice.[1]) This led to the Latin proverb, "Quod non fecerunt barbari, fecerunt Barberini" ("What the barbarians did not do, the Barberinis [family name of Urban VIII] did").

Since the Renaissance the Pantheon has been used as a tomb. Among those buried there are the painters Raphael and Annibale Caracci, the architect Baldassare Peruzzi and two kings of Italy: Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I, as well as Vittorio Emanuele's Queen, Margharita.

Although Italy has been a republic since 1946, volunteer members of Italian monarchist organisations maintain a vigil over the royal tombs in the Pantheon. This has aroused protests from time to time from republicans, but the Catholic authorities allow the practice to continue, although the Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage [2] is in charge of the security and maintenance. The Pantheon is still a church and Masses are still celebrated in the church, particularly for weddings.

Structure
The building is circular with a portico of three ranks of huge granite Corinthian columns (8 in the first rank and 16 in total) under a pediment opening into the rotunda, under a coffered, concrete dome, with a central opening (oculus), open to the sky. The height to the oculus and the diameter of the interior circle are the same (43 metres), so the whole interior would fit exactly within a cube (alternatively, the interior could house a sphere 43 metres in diameter). The dome is the largest surviving from antiquity, and was the largest dome in western Europe until Brunelleschi's dome of the Duomo of Florence was completed in 1436.

It may well be noted that the proportions of the building are in discord with respect to the classical ideal. Most evident is the rather large pediment, which appears far too "heavy" for the columns supporting it. The reason for this was the expectation that the building would be much taller than it actually is, which would effect larger columns. However, by the time the pediment was built, it was realised that the proposed height was unrealistic, and so the builders had to settle with a building somewhat out of proportion.

The composition of the Roman concrete used in the dome remains a mystery. An unreinforced dome in these proportions made of modern concrete would hardly stand the load of its own weight, since concrete has very low tensile strength, yet the Pantheon has stood for centuries. It is known from Roman sources that their concrete is made up of a pasty hydrate lime; pozzolanic ash from a nearby volcano; and fist-sized pieces of rock. In this, it is very similar to modern concrete. The high tensile strength appears to come from the way the concrete was applied in very small amounts and then was tamped down to remove excess water at all stages. This appears to have prevented the air bubbles that normally form in concrete as the material dries, thus increasing its strength enormously.

As the best preserved example of monumental Roman architecture, the Pantheon was enormously influential on European and American architects from the Renaissance to the 19th century. Numerous city halls, universities and public libraries echo its portico-and-dome structure. Examples of notable buildings influenced by the Pantheon include Thomas Jefferson's Rotunda at the University of Virginia, Low Library at Columbia University, New York, and the State Library of Victoria in Melbourne, Australia.

John Schou
JCT_Jewish_Lads_Brigade.jpg
Jewish Lads' Brigade3 viewsAE medal; 29.30 mm. diameter, 3.13 mm. thick, 0°

Obv.: Mounted officer inspecting rank of cadets, flag behind bearing Hebrew inscription, most likely, "They go from strength to strength" (the Brigade's motto, taken from the 84th Psalm).

Rev.: • THE • JEWISH • LADS’ • BRIGADE • / LEWIS • EMANUEL • MEDAL, around rim, large JLB within a laurel wreath in center.

Modelled on the Church Lads' and Church Girls' Brigade, the Jewish Lads’ Brigade was formed in 1895 by Colonel Albert E. W. Goldsmid, a British Jewish Army officer, to provide activities for children of the poor Jewish immigrants who flooded into the UK, predominantly from Eastern Europe. Girls were admitted to membership in the 1963 (as the Jewish Girls' Brigade) and in 1974 the JLB and JGB amalgamated to become the Jewish Lads’ and Girls’ Brigade.

The Lewis Emanuel Medal was given for at least four passes in the Proficiency Badge Scheme. This medal appears to have been struck without the bezel (the rim is smooth with no indication of filing) by which the medal hung from a ribbon when presented in the Proficiency Badge Scheme.
Stkp
JOHNIIDOC17.jpg
JOHN II 1/2 Tetaereron S-1955 DOC 17200 viewsFacing bust of St. Demetrius, beardless wearing nimbus and military attire, and holding sword and sheild. Rev Bust facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding labarum and gl. cr. DOC 17 15mm Fine +

*** Difficult to find nice ones and easily confused with Saint George Manuel half tetarteron, inscription of saint is the key.***
Simon
john7_half_stav.jpg
John VII 1/2 stavraton19 viewsJean VII Palaeologus, régent for Manuel II (1399-1403) 1/2 stavraton, Constantinople.
Bust of Christ IC/XC.
Bust of the emperor pellet/pellet
Sear 2562; D.O. 1334; PCPC 346 (sigle 8). 3,01g. Rare
Jean Elsen auc 125 lot 945
Chance Vandal
Sear-2177.jpg
Kingdom of Thessalonica: Manuel Comnenus-Ducas (1230-1237) Æ Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2177; DOC IV Type A, 3; Lianta 346-50)22 viewsObv: O AΓIOC ΔHMHTPIOC in two columnar groups; Bust of St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic, breastplate and sagion; right hand holds spear; left hand holds hilt of sword (or cross)
Rev: ΜAΝϪΗΛ ΔЄC, IC XC in upper and right field. Full-length figure of ruler on left, crowned by Christ, bearded and nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision and paneled chlamys; right hand holds scepter cruciger; left hand holds anexikakia. Christ holds Gospel in left hand.
Dim: 30 mm, 2.58 g
Quant.Geek
Sear-2179.jpg
Kingdom of Thessalonica: Manuel Comnenus-Ducas (1230-1237) Æ Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2179; DOC IV Type C, 5; Lianta 352-55)19 viewsObv: MP - ΘV in field; Bust of Virgin nimbate, orans. Star in left and right field
Rev: ΜAΝϪΗΛ ΔЄCΠ - Ο A/ΓI/OC ΔIMITPIOC; Full-length figure of ruler on left, and of St Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, giving a globus surmounted by a patriarchal cross into the hands of the ruler. Ruler wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and jeweled loros of simplified type; right hand holds scepter; Saint wears divitision and chlamys; left hand holds spear
Quant.Geek
Sear-2180.jpg
Kingdom of Thessalonica: Manuel Comnenus-Ducas (1230-1237) Æ Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2180; DOC IV, Type D.6; Lianta 356-58)16 viewsObv: X/AP X/M; Half-length figure of St. Michael nimbate, wearing divitision, collar-piece and paneled loros of simplified type; right hand holds sword, resting over shoulder; left hand holds sheath.
Rev: ΜAΝϪΗΛ ΔЄC - Ο ΛΓIOC KOCT; Full-length figure of ruler on left, and of St. Constantine; between them patriarchal cross on long shaft at the base of which, three steps. Ruler wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and jeweled loros of simplified type; right hand holds palm-frond. Saint similarly dressed; left hand holds palm-frond.
Quant.Geek
Sear-2182.jpg
Kingdom of Thessalonica: Manuel Comnenus-Ducas (1230-1237) Æ Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2182; DOC IV, Type F 1230- 1237; Lianta 361-63)29 viewsObv: O/Λ/Θ/OΔ/Ш; Bust of St. Theodore, bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic
Rev: ΜAΝϪΗΛ OΛΔM; Half-length figure of ruler on left, and of beardless, nimbate military saint (Demetrius?); between them sheathed sword, pointed downward. Ruler wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and jeweled loros of simplified type. Saint wears tunic, breastplate and sagion. In upper center field a cloud, with a star in the center, out of which extends Manus Dei, crowning the ruler.
Quant.Geek
Sear-2183.jpg
Kingdom of Thessalonica: Manuel Comnenus-Ducas (1230-1237) Æ Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2183; DOC IV Type G, 9; Lianta 364-67)20 viewsObv: X/AP X/M; Full-length figure of St. Michael nimbate, wearing short military tunic, breastplate and sagion; right hand holds sword, which he is in the act of unsheathing; left hand holds sheath held horizontally
Rev: ΜAΝϪΗΛΔЄCΠΟΤI - ΠΟΛICΘ/ЄCCA/ΛΟN/IKH - ΟAΓIOCΔIMITPIOC; Ruler on left, and St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, seated upon throne without back; between them the city of Thessalonica represented as a walled town with three towers. Ruler wears stemma, divitision, jeweled loros of traditional type; right hand holds labarum-headed scepter. Saint wears tunic, breastplate and sagion; left hand holds sword resting over shoulder.
Quant.Geek
Sear-2183(1).jpg
Kingdom of Thessalonica: Manuel Comnenus-Ducas (1230-1237) Æ Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2183; DOC IV Type G, 9; Lianta 364-67)18 viewsObv: X/AP X/M; Full-length figure of St. Michael nimbate, wearing short military tunic, breastplate and sagion; right hand holds sword, which he is in the act of unsheathing; left hand holds sheath held horizontally
Rev: ΜAΝϪΗΛΔЄCΠΟΤI - ΠΟΛICΘ/ЄCCA/ΛΟN/IKH - ΟAΓIOCΔIMITPIOC; Ruler on left, and St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, seated upon throne without back; between them the city of Thessalonica represented as a walled town with three towers. Ruler wears stemma, divitision, jeweled loros of traditional type; right hand holds labarum-headed scepter. Saint wears tunic, breastplate and sagion; left hand holds sword resting over shoulder.
Quant.Geek
Sear-2183(2).jpg
Kingdom of Thessalonica: Manuel Comnenus-Ducas (1230-1237) Æ Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2183; DOC IV Type G, 9; Lianta 364-67)16 viewsObv: X/AP X/M; Full-length figure of St. Michael nimbate, wearing short military tunic, breastplate and sagion; right hand holds sword, which he is in the act of unsheathing; left hand holds sheath held horizontally
Rev: ΜAΝϪΗΛΔЄCΠΟΤI - ΠΟΛICΘ/ЄCCA/ΛΟN/IKH - ΟAΓIOCΔIMITPIOC; Ruler on left, and St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, seated upon throne without back; between them the city of Thessalonica represented as a walled town with three towers. Ruler wears stemma, divitision, jeweled loros of traditional type; right hand holds labarum-headed scepter. Saint wears tunic, breastplate and sagion; left hand holds sword resting over shoulder.
Dim: 18mm, 1.2g
Quant.Geek
Sear-2168.jpg
Kingdom of Thessalonica: Theodoros Comnenus-Ducas (1224-1230) AE Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2168, Sommer-73.6)34 viewsObv: IC XC in field; Bust of Christ Emmanuel, beardless and nimbate; left hand holds scroll; Pellet, or pellets, in each limb of nimbus cross
Rev: ΘЄOΔШPOC ΔЄCΠΟΤΗC KOMNHNOC O ΔϪKAC in two columnar groups; Full-length figure of emperor, wearing stemma, divitision, collar-piece and panelled loros of simplified type; right hand holds labarum-headed scepter; left hand holds globus surmounted by single or double barred cross; Manus Dei in upper right field
1 commentsSpongeBob
Sear-2168a.jpg
Kingdom of Thessalonica: Theodoros Comnenus-Ducas (1224-1230) Æ Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2168, Sommer-73.6)40 viewsObv: IC XC in field; Bust of Christ Emmanuel, beardless and nimbate; left hand holds scroll; Pellet, or pellets, in each limb of nimbus cross
Rev: ΘЄOΔШPOC ΔЄCΠΟΤΗC KOMNHNOC O ΔϪKAC in two columnar groups; Full-length figure of emperor, wearing stemma, divitision, collar-piece and panelled loros of simplified type; right hand holds labarum-headed scepter; left hand holds globus surmounted by single or double barred cross; Manus Dei in upper right field
SpongeBob
Sear-2168(3).jpg
Kingdom of Thessalonica: Theodoros Comnenus-Ducas (1224-1230) Æ Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2168, Sommer-73.6) 22 viewsObv: IC XC in field; Bust of Christ Emmanuel, beardless and nimbate; left hand holds scroll; Pellet, or pellets, in each limb of nimbus cross
Rev: ΘЄOΔШPOC ΔЄCΠΟΤΗC KOMNHNOC O ΔϪKAC in two columnar groups; Full-length figure of emperor, wearing stemma, divitision, collar-piece and panelled loros of simplified type; right hand holds labarum-headed scepter; left hand holds globus surmounted by single or double barred cross; Manus Dei in upper right field
Quant.Geek
Sear-2168(1).jpg
Kingdom of Thessalonica: Theodoros Comnenus-Ducas (1224-1230) Æ Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2168, Sommer-73.6)18 viewsObv: IC XC in field; Bust of Christ Emmanuel, beardless and nimbate; left hand holds scroll; Pellet, or pellets, in each limb of nimbus cross
Rev: ΘЄOΔШPOC ΔЄCΠΟΤΗC KOMNHNOC O ΔϪKAC in two columnar groups; Full-length figure of emperor, wearing stemma, divitision, collar-piece and panelled loros of simplified type; right hand holds labarum-headed scepter; left hand holds globus surmounted by single or double barred cross; Manus Dei in upper right field

Quant.Geek
Latin_rulers_s2048.jpg
Latin Rule, Sear 204829 viewsByzantine Empire, Latin Rule, 12 April 1204 - 25 July 1261 A.D. Billon aspron trachy nomisma, SBCV 2048, DOC IV, pt. 2, 34, VF, Constantinople mint, 2.008g, 23.9mm, 180o, obverse facing bust of Christ Emmanuel, bearded and nimbate, in tunic and kolobion, scroll in left; reverse , emperor standing facing, wearing stemma, divitsion, and chlamys, labarum-headed scepter in right, globus cruciger in left. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Sear-2056.jpg
Latin Rulers of Constantinople: Anonymous (1204-1261) BI Large Module Trachy, Constantinople (Sear 2056; DOC IV Type B; Grierson 1263; CLBC 11.24.1)28 viewsObv: IC XC in field; Columnar legend O/ЄM/MA on left, NϪ/HA on right. Bust of Christ Emmanuel, bearded (sic) and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion, blesses with right hand in front of chest, and holds Gospels in left
Rev: Full-length figure of emperor wearing stemma, divitision, collar-piece, and chlamys; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left, globus cruciger
Quant.Geek
sb2056_11_24_1_21mm172g.jpg
Latin Trachy Hendy type B SB 205632 viewsObverse: IC XC in field Columnar legend O?EM?MA on left, NOV/HA on right. Bust of Christ Emmanuel bearded and nimbate wearing tunic and Kolobion holds gospels in left, blesses with r.
Reverse: Full length figure of emperor wearing stemma, divitision collar piece and chamys holds in rt hand labarum[headed scepter and in left globus crucifier.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1204-1261 CE
SB 2057 CLBC 11.24.1
21mm, 1.72g
wileyc
Lot_30_France.jpg
Lot de 30 Monnaies Romaines en mauvais état à définir ( voir descriptif )21 viewsLot de Monnaies Romaines en mauvais état à définir
Monnaies demandant une approche autre que manuelle en nettoyage et je n'ai pas !
Savonnettes et autres monnaies rongées . Je ne collectionne pas donc pas de pré-tri! _4739
Antonivs Protti
byz1~1.jpg
Manual 1143-118021 viewsBillon Aspron Trachy
Ob. Christ's bearded, seated facing, wearing nimbus cr., pallium and
colobium; r., Gospels in l. hand
Rev. The
Virgin on r. crowning Manuel on l., both stg. facing

Ref. Sear 1966
Size 28mm

-:Bacchus:-

I'm glad I don't collect these things as they are tricky to photograph
Bacchus
DOC21.jpg
MANUEL 1/2 Tetarteron ( Heavy Standard) S-1978 DOC 21167 viewsBust of Christ facing, beardless, wearing nimbus cr. pallium and colobium and raising r hand in benediction in l. scroll. L. IC to r. XC
Rev Manuel , bearded stg. facing wearing crown and military attire , and holding cruciform sceptre and gl. cr. Thessalonica mint , Heavy standard 16/20mm CLIPPED , Fine weak spots DOC 21

Another lesser seen issue,I think it was more than likely a full tetarteron with a short production run.
Simon
DOC23a.jpg
MANUEL 1/2 Tetarteron S-1980 DOC 23?217 viewsBust of St. George facing beardless wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass and sagion and holding spear and sheild. Rev Bust facing wearing crown loros and holding labarum and gl, cr. 14mm DOC 23 aVF Barbarous?1 commentsSimon
DOC24a.jpg
MANUEL 1/2 Tetarteron S-1981 DOC 24156 viewsBust of Christ facing, beardless, wearing nimbus cr. pallium and colobium and raising right hand in benediction, in l. scroll. Rev Manuel, beardrd stg. facing , wearing crown and military attire and holding cruciform sceptre and gl. cr.13mm DOC 24 Hard to grade due to the O/C obv. This coin has nice details and good relief making it above average. DOC 24 Sizes for this issue normally range from 16 to 19mmSimon
DOC25.jpg
MANUEL AE 1/2 Tetarteron S-1982 DOC 25167 viewsCross with X at Centre, stg. on three steps, to l. IC to r. XC Rev. Half length figure of Manuel facing wearing crown and loros, and holding labarum and gl. cr. 16mm DOC 25 Fine + with weak areas. Sizes of this issue range from 17mm to 19mmSimon
MANDCOC17.jpg
MANUEL AE Tetarteron S-1970 DOC 17180 viewsFacing bust of the Virgin orans, wearing pallium and Maphorium to l. MP to r. OV Rev Half length figure of Manuel facing wearing crown and jewelled Chalmys and holding labarum and gl. cr.

Note, this coin is easy to distinguish between the more common Androincus version because the Virgin does not have the nimbate head of Christ at her waist.This is the only example I have seen outside the books, the ones on ebay are commonly misattributed

Simon
Manuel_Comenus-Ducas,_SBCV_2184.JPG
Manuel Comenus-Ducas, SBCV 218424 viewsNimbate bust of St. Demetrius (legend not visible on specimen)
MANγHΛ
Full length figure of Manuel crowned by Christ. Manuel wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece, and chlamys, holding scepter crucigier. Nimbate Christ wears tunic and kolobion, holds Gospels. IC/XC about head.
AE Trachy, 19mm, 0.63g

Specimen is roughly clipped
novacystis
manuele_comn__tess.jpg
Manuel Comnenus29 views1230-1237
Grierson 1207
antvwala
Manuel_Comnenus-SBCV2601.JPG
Manuel Comnenus of Trebizond, SBCV 260121 viewsOAΓIOC ΕVΓΕNIO
St. Eugenius holding long cross
MNA OKH
Manuel I standing, holding labarum and akakia, crowned by Manus Dei
Empire of Trebizond
AR Asper, 2.29g, 27m
novacystis
ManuelComnasDucasCLBC13_8_3.jpg
Manuel Comnenus-Ducas, CLBC 13.8.317 viewsBust of St. Theodore, bearded, nimbate wearing chiton, body armor and holding spear and shield
legend off flan
half length figures of Emperor left and St. Demetrius right, holding sword between. Cloud above center with Manus Dei extending downwards, crowning emperor
AE trachy
Thessalonica
18mm, 1.08g
novacystis
monogram57redo.jpg
MANUEL Half Tetarteron S-1979 DOC 22184 viewsMonogram 57. Rev. No Legend Bust of Manuel facing, beardless, wearing crown and loros, holding labarum and gl.cr. Uncertain Greek Mint. 18mm Very Fine DOC 22

Simon
lg_Manuel_I_virg.jpg
Manuel I35 viewsManuel I
Aspron Trachy 3.41g / - / -
- The Virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium, MP - OV
- Manuel standing facing, wearing crown, holding labarum and globe surmounted by Patriarchal cross
Mint:Constantinople (1160-1180)
References: Sear BCV (1987) No.1964, p.398
Scotvs Capitis
manuele_I_-_09ax.jpg
Manuel I24 views1143-1180
trachy 09ax
scarse
antvwala
MANUEL1-1-ROMAN.jpg
Manuel I28 viewsAE Tetarteron
Thessalonica mint, 1143-1180
21mm, 2.25
BCV- 1976

Obverse:
MANuHΛ ΔECΠOTH
Half length figure of Manuel facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding labarum and globus cruciger.

Reverse:
IC XC
Cross, with X at center, standing on three steps
rubadub
MANUEL1-2-BYZANT.jpg
Manuel I17 viewsBillon Aspron Trachy
Constantinople mint, 1143-1180 A.D.
4.58g, 30mm
BCV- 1966

Obverse:
IC XC
Christ, bearded, seated facing on throne without back, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, in left, book of gospels.

Reverse:
M above
MANUHL ΔECΠOT
ΘV in right field
The Virgin, nimbate (on right) and Manuel (on left), both standing facing; the Virgin wears pallium and maphorium, and with Her right hand crowns the emperor, who wears divitision and loros. And holds laborum and globus.
Will J
Manuel_I_(1143-1180)_aspron_trachy_(AE).png
Manuel I (1143-1180) aspron trachy (AE)83 viewsObv.: Christ std. on backless throne Rev: MANVHL [ ] ECPO (Emperor being blessed by Virgin) Field: IC XC (obv.), theta (rev.) Diameter: 29,32 mm Weight: 3,90 gr DOC 13

Christ on the backless throne is also known as the 'Hyperagathos' (being identified as such on a mosaic in the Monastery of the Pammakaristos).
Nick.vdw
Manuel_I_2b.jpg
Manuel I * Virgin crowning Emperor, Æ Billon Trachy, 1143-1180 AD.141 views
Manuel I * Virgin crowning Emperor, Billon Trachy

Obv: Bearded Xristos, seated facing on throne without back, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, in left hand book of Gospels; to left, IC with bar above and to right XC with bar above. Two stars, one in left and right fields respectively.
Rev: MANα HA ΔεCΠOT (or similar). The Virgin, nimbate to the right of Manuel on left, both standing facing; The Virgin wears pallium and maphorium and with her right hand crowns the emperor, who wears divitision and loros, and holds labarum and gl. cruciger; between the heads, M or MP with bar above; to right V with bar above.

Exergue: (Blank)

Mint: Constantinople
Struck: 1143-1180 AD.

Size: 30 mm.
Weight: 4.03 grams
Die axis: 180°

Condition: Worn as evident in photo, but retaining moderately strong images on both sides.

Refs:*
Sear, BCATV, 1966
(Common)

3 commentsTiathena
DOC22.jpg
MANUEL I AE 1/2 Tetarteron S-1979220 viewsMonogram 58 with large letters. Rev. No Legend Bust of Manuel facing, beardless, wearing crown and loros, holding labarum and gl.cr. Uncertain Greek Mint. 18mm Very Fine

The style of the coin is very unique but it is Monogram 58.
Simon
Mono58.jpg
MANUEL I AE Half Tetarteron S-1977 DOC 20199 viewsMonogram 57 with small neat letters.. Rev. No Legend Bust of Manuel facing, beardless, wearing crown and loros, holding labarum and gl.cr. Thessalonica Mint 17mm VF 5 Jewels on collar DOC 20

A very pleasing coin both for condition and style,
Simon
DOC20.jpg
MANUEL I AE 1/2 Tetarteron S-1977 DOC 20172 viewsMonogram 57 with small neat letters.. Rev. No Legend Bust of Manuel facing, beardless, wearing crown and loros, holding labarum and gl.cr. Thessalonica Mint 19mm aVF DOC 20
**** This coin is the rarer of the two monograms listed in Sear.**********
1 commentsSimon
DOC23.jpg
MANUEL I AE 1/2 Tetarteron S-1980 DOC 23181 viewsBust of St. George facing beardless wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass and sagion and holding spear and sheild. Rev Bust facing wearing crown loros and holding labarum and gl, cr. Uncertain Greek Mint 15mm aVery Fine. DOC 23 **** This coin needs to have further study especially since his bust looks like a death mask.****** Simon
zz2.jpg
MANUEL I AE half Tetarteron S-1978 DOC 24162 viewsBust of Christ facing, beardless, wearing nimbus cr. pallium and colobium and raising r hand in benediction in l. scroll. L. IC to r. XC Rev Manuel , bearded stg. facing wearing crown and military attire , and holding cruciform sceptre and gl. cr. Thessalonica mint , 17mm , aVF DOC 24Simon
CTDBroc1.jpg
MANUEL I AE half Tetarteron S-1978 DOC 24 Brockage199 viewsXC Rev Manuel , bearded stg. facing wearing crown and military attire , and holding cruciform sceptre and gl. cr. Thessalonica mint , 17mm

A really nice brockage, it has a nice fill on the brockage side giving it additional eye appeal.
1 commentsSimon
a71.jpg
Manuel I AE half tetarteron Uncertain Greek Mint Sear 197913 viewsTask_Force
DOC18.jpg
MANUEL I AE Tetarteron S-1975 DOC 18248 viewsBust of St. George facing beardless wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass and sagion and holding spear and sheild. Rev Bust facing wearing crown loros and holding labarum and gl, cr. 22 mm Thessalonica mint.
aVF/EF Simply an excellent portrait of Manuel, the St. George bust lacks a face by bad strike. DOC 18 The nicest one I have ever seen.
Simon
Man68.jpg
MANUEL I AE Tetarteron S-1968 DOC 15197 viewsThe Virgin Nimbate, stg r. with hands raised in the Manus Dei ( Hands of God) in upper field to r. Rev Manuel bearded stg. facing wearing crown, divitision, loros and saigon, and holding cruciform sceptre and akakia.20mm Constantinople Mint , + Copper in look, nice style.DOC 15

*** My first tetarteron, the one that got me hooked. **
Simon
DOC15.jpg
MANUEL I AE Tetarteron S-1968v DOC 15v275 viewsThe Virgin Nimbate, stg r. with hands raised in the Manus Dei in upper field to r. Rev Manuel bearded stg. facing wearing crown, divitision, loros and saigon, and holding labarum on a long shaft and akakia. 20/16mm Constantinople Mint aVery Fine

This coin is not listed in DOC or Sear with a labarum, however, it is listed in BMC .
Simon
DOC18-EG2.jpg
MANUEL I AE Tetarteron S-1975 DOC 18278 viewsBust of St. George facing beardless wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass and sagion and holding spear and sheild. Rev Bust facing wearing crown loros and holding labarum and gl, cr. 19 mm Thessalonica mint. Very Fine, Nice simple style. DOC 18 **** The most abundant of all of the tetartera.******Simon
DOC19.jpg
MANUEL I AE Tetarteron S-1976 DOC 19294 viewsCross with X at Centre, stg. on three steps, to l. IC to r. XC Rev. Half length figure of Manuel facing wearing crown and loros, and holding labarum and gl. cr. 20mm Very Fine Thessalonica Mint DOC 19 *** This full tetarteron runs in sizes of 20mm to 25mm ****Simon
a69.jpg
Manuel I AE tetarteron Thessalonica Sear 197519 viewsTask_Force
Manueltrachy.jpg
Manuel I AE Trachy S-1966 DOC 13337 viewsChrist bearded and nimbate wearing tunic and kolobion. Seated upon a throne without back, holds gospels in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

Rev Full length figure of the Emperor bearded on l. crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar piece and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum headed sceptre and in l. gl cr. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion. 29mm .
Simon
20180323_123227.jpg
Manuel I AE Trachy S-1966 DOC 13 16 viewsObv. Christ bearded and nimbate wearing tunic and kolobion. Seated upon a throne without back, holds gospels in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.
Rev. Full length figure of the Emperor bearded on l. crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar piece and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum headed sceptre and in l. gl cr. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
30mm and 4.32 grams
Canaan
e6.jpg
Manuel I AE Trachy S-1966 DOC 13 39 views
Christ bearded and nimbate wearing tunic and kolobion. Seated upon a throne without back, holds gospels in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

Rev Full length figure of the Emperor bearded on l. crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar piece and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum headed sceptre and in l. gl cr. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion
1 commentsSimon
Manueltrachy2.jpg
Manuel I Billion TrachyS-1943 under review.291 viewsVirgin Nimbate seated upon a throne without back holds nimbate head of Christ on breast.

REV Full Length figure of emperorbearded wearing stemma divistion and chalmys holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. gl cr. mounted with patriarchal cross.29mm
Simon
NC1.jpg
Manuel I Billion TrachyS-1964 DOC 12312 viewsVirgin Nimbate seated upon a throne without back holds nimbate head of Christ on breast.

REV Full Length figure of emperor bearded wearing stemma divistion and chalmys holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. gl cr. mounted with patriarchal cross.30mm
Nice example of a lesser seen trachy of Manuel
Simon
lg_trachy06.jpg
Manuel I Billon Aspron Trachy31 viewsManuel I
Billon Aspron Trachy 3.36g / 27.75mm / -
- The Virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium, MP - OV
- Manuel standing facing, wearing crown, holding labarum w/ 3 points on shaft (officina B) and globe surmounted by Patriarchal cross
Mint: (1155-1156)
References: Sear BCV (1987) No.1964, p.398
Scotvs Capitis
lg_trachy05.jpg
Manuel I Billon Aspron Trachy23 viewsManuel I
Billon Aspron Trachy 2.75g / 26.5mm / -
- Christ's bearded, seated facing, wearing nimbus cr., pallium and colobium; r., Gospels in l. hand, star to either side
- The Virgin on r. crowning Manuel on l., both stg. facing
Mint: (1143-1180)
References: Sear BCV 1966
Scotvs Capitis
lg_trachy01_1.jpg
Manuel I Billon Aspron Trachy25 viewsManuel I
Billon Aspron Trachy 2.89g / 27mm / -
- Christ's bearded, seated facing, wearing nimbus cr., pallium and colobium; r., Gospels in l. hand
- The Virgin on r. crowning Manuel on l., both stg. facing
Mint: (1143-1180)
References: Sear BCV 1966
Scotvs Capitis
lg_trachy04.jpg
Manuel I Billon Aspron Trachy (Bulgarian imitation)48 viewsManuel I
Billon Aspron Trachy 3.71g / 28mm / -
- Christ's bearded, seated facing, wearing nimbus cr., pallium and colobium; r., Gospels in l. hand
- The Virgin on r. crowning Manuel on l., both stg. facing
Mint: (1195-1200)
References: After Sear BCV 1966; Pz. # B3.5b1

Bulgarian imitation from about 1195-1200.
Shows a pointed cross on globus cruciger together with 7 levels on collar piece what is typical for Bulg. imitations of Byzantines from the "Star"-Officin. There are pieces known with 5, 6, 7 and 8 jewels on collar piece showing the pointed cross variety.
Pz. ("petzlaff") #B3.5b1
Scotvs Capitis
b150_w.jpg
Manuel I Commnenus50 viewsElectrum Aspron Trachy, c.1167-1180
S. 1961; DO.6b (Type E, 5th coinage?)
4.3 gm, 32 mm
Manzikert
bizantina_1,8_gr__15_mm.JPG
Manuel I Comnenus 1143-1180 AD.,Bronze Half Teterteron14 viewsObv.Bust of Manuel facing
Rev.Monogram
15 mm 1.8 grm
Antonivs Protti
byz122808_01.jpg
Manuel I Comnenus AE Tetarteron Sear 197527 viewsManuel I Comnenus
AE Tetarteron 3.79g / 22mm / -
Ob: Bust of St. George facing
Rv: Bust of Manuel facing
Mint: Thessalonica (1143-1180)
Ref: Sear 1975; DOC 18; BMC 75-77
Scotvs Capitis
a67.jpg
Manuel I Comnenus AE tetarteron Thessalonica Sear 1976 15 viewsTask_Force
Manuel_I_33.jpg
Manuel I Comnenus Billon Aspron Trachy 28 viewsManuel I Comnenus
Billon Aspron Trachy

Attribution: Sear 1966
Date: AD 1143-1180
Obverse: Christ enthroned,
throne w/o back; bearded, w/nimbus
cross, wearing pallium & colobium;
in field, IC (left) and XC (right).
Reverse: MANH Λ Δ
Ε C Π OTH (or similar). The Virgin
(nimbate, right) crowns Manuel (left). Both
standing, facing: the BVM wears pallium and
maphorium, the emperor wears loros and
divitision and holds labarum (right hand) and
globus cruciger (left hand); in field between their
heads M and to right Θ V.
Size: 30 mm

Manuel, who was influenced by his contact with western Crusaders, enjoyed the reputation of "the most blessed emperor of Constantinople" in parts of the Latin world as well. Modern historians, however, have been less enthusiastic about him. Some of them assert that the great power he wielded was not his own personal achievement, but that of the dynasty he represented; they also argue that, since Byzantine imperial power declined catastrophically after Manuel's death, it is only natural to look for the causes of this decline in his reign.
Noah
coin460.jpg
Manuel I Comnenus, AE Half Tetarteron, 1143-118019 viewsManuel I Comnenus, AE Half Tetarteron, 1143-1180, Sear Byzantine Coins and their Values # sb1980
Uncertain Greek mint. Q / GE / O | (?), bust of St. George facing, beardless, wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass and sagion, shield in left hand, spear in right / MAN-DECP Bust of Manuel I facing, wearing crown and loros, globus cruciger in left hand, labarum in right.
Coin #460
cars100
b8_manuel_comnenus.jpg
Manuel I Comnenus, Constantinople, Billon Aspron Trachy29 views Obv. IC-XC to left and right of Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion, seated upon throne without back, holds Gospels in left hand. Dot in each limb of nimbus cross. No stars
Rev. MANUHL DECP, Manuel on the left, holding labarum and cross on globe, being crowned by Mary, both standing facing; M between their heads. One jewel on emperor's loros between waist and collar piece. Loros waist has 5 pellets in diagonal cross. Collar has 3 jewels.
1 commentsSkyler
sb1958__29mm_224g.jpg
Manuel I Comnenus. 1143-1180. EL Aspron Trachy Nomisma8 viewsObverse: Christ Pantokrator seated facing on throne; barred IC XC across upper field
Reverse: Manuel and the Theotokos standing facing, holding patriarchal cross on small globe between them. M above, QV at top right
Mint: Second coinage. Constantinople mint.
Date: Struck 1152-circa 1167.
2.24 g 29mm

DOC 3a; SB 1958; CLBC 4.2.2.
wileyc
sear_1980.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus AE half tetarteron 11 viewsObverse: Bust of St. George facing beardless, wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass, and sagion, holding spear and shield to L. O(w/dot), gamma,E, to rt (monagram) gamma,I,O,S. or similar
Reverse: MAN(momogram)HAAECIIOT Bust facing, wearing crown and loros and holding labarum and gl. cr.
Mint: Uncertain Greek mint
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1980 H 18.3-4 as 1975 type A but much smaller
23mm 4.76gm
wileyc
sear_1982.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus AE half tetarteron13 viewsObverse: Cross, with X at center, stg on three steps
Reverse: Half length figure of Manuel facing beardless wearing crown and loros and holding labarum and gl. cr.
Mint: unk greek mint
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1982 H 18.7-8 ( as sear 1976 but smaller)
14mm 1.81 gm
wileyc
sear_1979~0.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus AE half Tetarteron light standard 13 viewsObverse: Momogram 58
Reverse: No legend bust of Manuel facing beardless wearing crown and military attire and holding cruciform sceptre.
Mint: Uncertain Greek mint
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1979 H 18.1-2
16mm 1.57gm
wileyc
sear_1979.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus AE half Tetarteron light standard SB197913 viewsObverse: Momogram 58
Reverse: No legend bust of Manuel facing beardless wearing crown and military attire and holding cruciform sceptre.
Mint: Uncertain Greek mint
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1979 H 18.1-2
16mm 1.90gm
wileyc
sear_1978~0.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus AE half tetarteron type B SB197811 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, beardless, wearing nimbus cr. pallium and colobium scroll i left hand
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOTH or similar Manuel bearded facing wearing crown and miltary attire and holding cruciform sceotre and gl. cr.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1978 H. 17.19-20 type B
16mm 1.96gm
wileyc
sear_1978.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus AE half tetarteron type B SB197811 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, beardless, wearing nimbus cr. pallium and colobium scroll i left hand
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOTH or similar Manuel bearded facing wearing crown and miltary attire and holding cruciform sceotre and gl. cr.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1978 H. 17.19-20 type B
wileyc
sear_1976.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus AE tetarteron Type B SB197618 viewsObverse: Cross, with X at center, stg on three steps
Reverse: Half length figure of Manuel facing beardless wearing crown and loros and holding labarum and gl. cr.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1976 H 17.15-16 type B
20mm 3.40 gm
wileyc
sb_1976.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus AE tetarteron Type B SB197612 viewsObverse: Cross, with X at center, stg on three steps
Reverse: Half length figure of Manuel facing beardless wearing crown and loros and holding labarum and gl. cr.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1976 H 17.15-16 type B
20mm 4.03 gm
wileyc
sb197620mm338g.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus AE tetarteron Type B SB197613 viewsObverse: Cross, with X at center, stg on three steps
Reverse: Half length figure of Manuel facing beardless wearing crown and loros and holding labarum and gl. cr.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1976 H 17.15-16 type B
20mm 3.38 gm
wileyc
sear_1975.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus AE tetarteron, heavy standard Type A 14 viewsObverse: Bust of St. George facing beardless, wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass, and sagion, holding spear and shield to L. O(w/dot), gamma,E, to rt (monagram) gamma,I,O,S. or similar
Reverse: MAN(momogram)HAAECIIOT Bust facing, wearing crown and loros and holding labarum and gl. cr.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1975 H 17.13-14 type A
23mm 4.76gm
wileyc
sear_1962_varb.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy SB196235 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing beardless, wearing nimbus cr., pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction; in l. scroll; to l., IC; to r. XC.
Reverse: MANUHA AECII or similar, bust facing, beardless, wearing crown and jewelled chlamys and holding labarum and gl. cr.
Mint: Constantinople First metropolitan coinage Variation B
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1962 var b, First coinage; H 14.10-13
two varities
Var b Labarum shaft has two dots, one near head, the other between hand and shoulder, collar normally has four jewels

27mm 3.94gm
wileyc
sear1966vara.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy Manuel I SB196639 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var A, Fourth coinage, H 16.1-6
Three jewels on emperor's loros between waist and collar-piece
30mm 3.77gm
wileyc
1966.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy Manuel I SB196626 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183 CE
Sear 1966 Fourth coinage, H 16.1-6
one jewel on emperor's loros between waist and collar-piece
30mm 3.77gm
wileyc
sb196628mm351g.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy Manuel I SB196624 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var D.a Fourth coinage, H 16.7-9 DOC 13.1
One jewel on emperor's loros between waist and collar-piece
28mm, 3.51g (d17,cc8)
1 commentswileyc
sb196629mm393g4thcoinagevara.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy Manuel I SB196619 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var D.a Fourth coinage, H 16.7-9 DOC 13.1
One jewel on emperor's loros between waist and collar-piece
28mm, 3.51g (d17,cc8)
wileyc
sb1966_30mm_2_75g.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy Manuel I SB19668 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 H 16.7-9 DOC 13.1
30mm, 2.75g (d17,cc8)
wileyc
sear_1964_varb_2.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy SB196456 viewsObverse: The Virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphrium, she holds nimbate head of the infant Christ facing; to l. MP to r. Theta V.
Reverse: MANUHA AECIIOTHC or similar, Manuel stg. facing wearing crown, divitision and chlamys and holding labarum (one dots= on shaft) and globus surmounted by patriarchal cross.
Mint: Constantinople Third metropolitan coinage Variation B
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1964 DO 15.5-10
22mm 4.44gm
1 commentswileyc
sear_1964_varb.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy SB196428 viewsObverse: The Virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphrium, she holds nimbate head of the infant Christ facing; to l. MP to r. Theta V.
Reverse: MANUHA AECIIOTHC or similar, Manuel stg. facing wearing crown, divitision and chlamys and holding labarum (one dots= on shaft) and globus surmounted by patriarchal cross.
Mint: Constantinople Third metropolitan coinage Variation B
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1964 DO 15.5-10
22mm 5.29gm
wileyc
sear_1964_varA.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy SB196434 viewsObverse: The Virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphrium, she holds nimbate head of the infant Christ facing; to l. MP to r. Theta V.
Reverse: MANUHA AECIIOTHC or similar, Manuel stg. facing wearing crown, divitision and chlamys and holding labarum (variation A, no dots on shaft) and globus surmounted by patriarchal cross.
Mint: Constantinople Third metropolitan coinage Variation A
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1964 var A, DO 15.5-10

26mm 4.45gm
wileyc
sear_1964_var_A.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy SB196426 viewsObverse: The Virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphrium, she holds nimbate head of the infant Christ facing; to l. MP to r. Theta V.
Reverse: MANUHA AECIIOTHC or similar, Manuel stg. facing wearing crown, divitision and chlamys and holding labarum (variation A, no dots on shaft) and globus surmounted by patriarchal cross.
Mint: Constantinople Third metropolitan coinage Variation A
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1964 DO 15.5-10
22mm 3.56gm
wileyc
sb_1964b.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy SB196417 viewsObverse: The Virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphrium, she holds nimbate head of the infant Christ facing; to l. MP to r. Theta V.
Reverse: MANUHA AECIIOTHC or similar, Manuel stg. facing wearing crown, divitision and chlamys and holding labarum (one dots= on shaft) and globus surmounted by patriarchal cross.
Mint: Constantinople Third metropolitan coinage Variation B
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1964 DO 15.5-10
28mm 3.38 gm
wileyc
sb_1964a.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy SB196420 viewsObverse: The Virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphrium, she holds nimbate head of the infant Christ facing; to l. MP to r. Theta V.
Reverse: MANUHA AECIIOTHC or similar, Manuel stg. facing wearing crown, divitision and chlamys and holding labarum (one dots= on shaft) and globus surmounted by patriarchal cross.
Mint: Constantinople Third metropolitan coinage Variation B
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1964 DO 15.5-10
28mm 4.56 gm
wileyc
2010-12-10_SB_1965.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy SB196519 viewsObverse: The virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium; she holds before her nimbate head of the infant Christ facing, to left MP; to r., OV
Reverse: MANUHA AECIIOTHC or similar, Manuel stg. facing wearing crown, divitision and chlamys and holding labarum (three dots= on shaft) and plain gl cr in Left hand
Mint: Constantinople Third metropolitan coinage Variation D
Date: 1164-1167? CE
Sear 1965
27mm 3.70 gm
wileyc
sb196531mm359g.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy SB196519 viewsObverse: The virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium; she holds before her nimbate head of the infant Christ facing, to left MP; to r., OV
Reverse: MANUHA AECIIOTHC or similar, Manuel stg. facing wearing crown, divitision and chlamys and holding labarum and plain gl cr in Left hand
Mint: Constantinople Third metropolitan coinage , second phase (globus with single barred cross), Variation B, (one dot on Labarum)
Date: 1164-1167? CE
Sear 1965
((d17.15,cc9)
31mm, 3.59g
1 commentswileyc
sb196530mm447g3rdcoinage1stphasevara.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy SB196512 viewsObverse: The virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium; she holds before her nimbate head of the infant Christ facing, to left MP; to r., OV
Reverse: MANUHA AECIIOTHC or similar, Manuel stg. facing wearing crown, divitision and chlamys and holding labarum and plain gl cr in Left hand
Mint: Constantinople Third metropolitan coinage , second phase (globus with single barred cross), Variation A, (no dot on Labarum)
Date: 1164-1167? CE
Sear 1965 DO 12
((d17.15,cc9)
30mm, 4.47g
wileyc
sear_1966varc(b).jpg
Manuel I Komnenus Billion aspron trachy SB196629 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var c, Fourth coinage, H 16.10-13
obv: Asterisk above throne on left, or right or both
Rev: One jewel on emperors loros between waist and collar-peice
29mm 4.86gm
wileyc
sear1966vard.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy SB196614 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
29mm 3.51gmgm
wileyc
sear1966varc.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy SB196634 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var c, Fourth coinage, H 16.10-13
obv: Asterisk above throne on left, or right or both
Rev: One jewel on emperors loros between waist and collar-peice
29mm 4.25gm
wileyc
sear1966varb.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus billion aspron trachy SB196638 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var b, Fourth coinage, H 16.7-9
One jewel on emperor's loros between waist and collar-piece
26mm 4.01gm
wileyc
sear_1957.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus electrum aspron trachy SB195746 viewsObverse: IC-XC OEMMANVOHA Facing bust of Christ, bearded facing pallium, colobium, Gospela in left.
Reverse: MANOYHA (delta) ECIII (or similar), Virgan Mary nimbate stdg on r. wears pallium and maphorium, crowns emperor with right hand, Manuel stdg on l. wears divitison, loros and chlamys, holds labarum and akakia
Date: 8 April 1143-24 Sept 1180 CE
Mint: Constantinople
Sear 1957
33mm 4.33gm EF cracked

ex Forum
1 commentswileyc
Manuel_I_hoard_1966.jpg
Manuel I SB1966 group of six hoard found32 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183 CE
Sear 1966
Hoard found group with some silvering intact
28mm/3.1g, 30mm/3.6g, 26mm/2.3g, 29mm/2.2g, 28mm/2.1g, 29mm/2.9g.
wileyc
manuel.jpg
Manuel I, Billon Trachy. 1143-1180 AD. Sear 196619 viewsManuel I, Billon Trachy. 1143-1180 AD. Obverse : IC-XC - Christ bearded, seated facing on throne without back, wearing nimbus crown, pallim and colobium and raising hand in benediction, and holding book of Gospels. Reverse: MANOHA ΔECΠOT - The Virgin Mary and Manuel standing facing. She wears pallim and mophorium and crowned scepter. He wears divitision and loros. M-OV above. Sear 1966. 28 mm, 3.3 g. Ex Jerome HoldermanPodiceps
manuel_k.jpg
Manuel I, (1143-1180 A.D.)63 viewsBillon Trachy
O.: Christ, bearded, seated facing on throne without back, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, colobium, Gospels in left; no stars; in field / IC – XC
R.: MANYHΛ ∆ECΠ; the Theotokos (Virgin Mary) standing facing at right, crowning the emperor standing at left, holding labarum and globus cruciger; M above Mary's outstretched hand.
Constantinople mint, 1167 - 1183 A.D.
28mm
4.1g
SB 1966
2 commentsMat
manuel_i_st_george.jpg
Manuel I, AD 1143-11806 viewsAE Tetarteron, 4.6g, 20mm, 6h; Thessalonica mint.
Obv.: QΓE to left, ΩΓIOC to right of bust facing of St. George, unbearded, nimbate, wearing tunic, cuirasse and cloak, holding spear and shield /
Rev.: MANVHΛ ΔECΠOTH, crowned, unbearded bust facing of Manuel, wearing loros, holding labarum and cross on globe.
Reference: SB 1975, BMC 75-77
Notes: sold to CN, 10/19/15
John Anthony
manuel_k.jpg
Manuel I, AD 1143-118010 viewsBillon trachy, 28mm, 4.1g, 6h; Constantinople mint, AD 1167-1183.
Obv.: Christ, bearded, seated facing on throne without back, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, colobium, Gospels in left; no stars; in field / IC – XC
Rev.: MANYHΛ ∆ECΠ; the Theotokos (Virgin Mary) standing facing at right, crowning the emperor standing at left, holding labarum and globus cruciger; M above Mary's outstretched hand.
Reference: SB 1966 / 16-428-39
John Anthony
Manuel_Trachy_k.jpg
Manuel I, AD 1143-11805 viewsBillon Aspron Trachy 30x26mm, 3.3g,6h; Constantinople mint, AD 1167-1180
Obv.: Christ, bearded, seated facing on throne without back, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, colobium, Gospels in left; stars above throne arms.
Rev.: MANYHΛ ∆ECΠOTHC; The Theotokos (Virgin Mary) standing facing at right, crowning the emperor standing at left, holding labarum and globus cruciger.
Reference: Sear 1966
From the YOC Collection, 17-11-40
John Anthony
Manuel_k~0.jpg
Manuel I, AD 1143-11805 viewsBillon trachy, 30mm, 2.7g, 6h; Constantinople mint, AD 1167-1183.
Obv.: Christ, bearded, seated facing on throne without back, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, colobium, Gospels in left; no stars; in field / IC – XC
Rev.: MANYHΛ ∆ECΠ; the Theotokos (Virgin Mary) standing facing at right, crowning the emperor standing at left, holding labarum and globus cruciger; M above Mary's outstretched hand.
Reference: SB 1966
From the YOC Collection / 17-116-45
John Anthony
Manuel_I,_SBCV_1964.JPG
Manuel I, SBCV 196420 viewsNimbate Virgin enthroned with nimbate head of infant Christ, MHP / ΘV to sides
MANγHΛ ΔECΠOTHC
Crowned figure of Manuel facing, wearing chlamys, holding labarum and globus cruciger
Constantinople
Billon aspron trachy, 34mm, 4.4g
novacystis
Manuel_I,_SBCV_1966,_DOC_B13,_Ac.JPG
Manuel I, SBCV 1966, DOC B13, Ac24 viewsNo legend
Christ, bearded, facing, seated, and nimbate, wearing tunic, seated on throne without back, stars to sides, IC - XC to sides.
MANγHΛ ΔEC [ΠOT]
Full length figure of emperor being crowned by Virgin, M - ΘV to sides of head.
DOC B13Ac
AE Trachy, 30mm, 3.53g
novacystis
Manuel_I,_SBCV_1966,_DOC_B13,_Ba.JPG
Manuel I, SBCV 1966, DOC B13, Ba17 viewsChrist, bearded, facing, seated, and nimbate, wearing tunic, seated on throne without back, stars to sides, IC - XC to sides.
MANγHΛ ΔECΠOT
Full length figure of emperor being crowned by Virgin, M - ΘV to sides of head.
DOC B13Ba
AE Trachy, 29mm, 4.13g
novacystis
Manuel_I_SBCV_1966(2).JPG
Manuel I, SBCV 1966, DOC B13, Ca20 viewsNo legend
Christ, bearded, facing, seated, and nimbate, wearing tunic, seated on throne without back, stars to sides, IC - XC to sides
MANγHΛ ΔECΠOT
Full length figure of emperor being crowned by Virgin, M - ΘV to sides of head.

AE Trachy, 30.5mm, 3.36g
novacystis
Manuel_I,_SBCV_1966,_DOC_B13,_Ca,.JPG
Manuel I, SBCV 1966, DOC B13, Ca, neatly clipped17 viewsNo legend
Christ, bearded, facing, seated, and nimbate, wearing tunic, seated on throne without back, stars to sides, IC - XC to sides
MANγHΛ ΔECΠOT
Full length figure of emperor being crowned by Virgin, M - ΘV to sides of head.

AE Trachy, 21mm, 1.82g, neatly clipped
novacystis
Manuel_I,_SBCV_1966,_DOC_B13,_Db.JPG
Manuel I, SBCV 1966, DOC B13, Db16 viewsChrist, bearded, facing, seated, and nimbate, wearing tunic, seated on throne without back, stars to sides, IC - XC to sides.
MANγHΛ ΔECΠOT
Full length figure of emperor being crowned by Virgin, M - ΘV to sides of head.
DOC B13Db
AE Trachy, 31mm, 3.80g
novacystis
Manuel_I,_SBCV_1975.JPG
Manuel I, SBCV 197515 viewsO/Γ/E PW - ΓI/O/C
Bust of St. George holding spear and shield
MANγHΛ ΔECΠOT
Facing bust wearing crown and loros, holding labarum and globus cruciger
Constantinople
AE tetarteron, 22mm, 3.79g
novacystis
Manuel_I,_SBCV_1976.JPG
Manuel I, SBCV 1976 18 viewsNo legend
Cross on three steps, X with pellets in center, IC - XC to sides
MANγHΛ ΔECΠOT
Half length figure of Manuel facing, holding labarum and globus cruciger
Constantinople
AE tetarteron, 21mm, 3.11g
novacystis
Manuel_I,_SBCV_1978.JPG
Manuel I, SBCV 1978 10 viewsNo legend
Facing bust of Christ, IC - XC to sides
MAN [γHΛ ΔECΠOTHC]
Standing figure of Manuel in military attire, holding scepter and globus cruciger
AE tertarteron, 17mm, 1.97g
novacystis
Manuel_I,_SBCV_1979.JPG
Manuel I, SBCV 197913 viewsNo legend
Monogram of Manuel I
Facing bust wearing crown and loros, holding labarum and globus cruciger
Uncertain Greek mint
AE half tetarteron, 16mm, 1.53g
novacystis
Manuel_I,_SBCV_1980.JPG
Manuel I, SBCV 198016 viewsO/Γ/E PW/ΓI/O/S
Bust of St. George holding spear and shield
MANγHΛ ΔECΠOTHC
Facing bust wearing crown and loros, holding labarum and globus cruciger
Uncertain Greek mint
AE half tetarteron, 19mm, 1.97g
novacystis
Manuel_I,_SBCV_1982.JPG
Manuel I, SBCV 198217 viewsNo legend
Cross on three steps, X with pellets in center, IC - XC to sides
[MANγHΛ ΔECΠOT]
Half length figure of Manuel facing, holding labarum and globus cruciger
Uncertain Greek mint
AE half tetarteron, 19mm
novacystis
byz_manuel_I.jpg
Manuel I, Tetarteron11 views5,44gr

1143-1180 AD
byzancia
DSC01665.JPG
Manuel I, Trachy 1143-1180 A.D.13 viewsConstantinople mint

Obverse: Christ, bearded, seated facing on throne without back, wearing nimbus. pallium, colobium, Gospels in left, star in left and right fields

Reverse: MANΥMHΛ ΔECΠ (or similar), Virgin Mary nimbate stdg on r. wears pallium & maphorium, crowns emperor with right hand, Manuel stdg on l., wears divitision, loros, & chlamys, holds labarum & globus cruciger
Dk0311USMC
tert.jpg
Manuel I. - 1/2 Tetarteron, unknown greek mint - Sb 197911 viewsManuel I (1143-1180)

1/2 Tetarteron, unknown greek mint

Av:
Half-figure of Manuel facing, wearing Loros and crown, holding Labarum in the right and a globe cruciger in the left.

Rv:
Monogramm (No. 58)

16 mm.

Sear 1979
dionysus
Manuel_I_Comnenus,_1143-1180.jpg
Manuel I. 1143-1180 AD, Constantinople. Billon Aspron Trachy.27 viewsMP-QV to left and right of Mary, nimbate, seated facing on throne without back, holding beardless, nimbate head of Christ before her / MANOVHL DECPOTHC (or similar), Manuel, crowned, wearing chlamys and divitision, standing facing, holding labarum and patriarchal cross on globe. SB 1964, BMC 56-57; DO 12b.11.
3,05g., 27mm. Superbe
_2234
Antonivs Protti
11134998883_870c6373e8_o.jpg
Manuel Ier sb 196410 viewsSégusiaves
9935542606_7de53f236c_o.jpg
Manuel Ier sb 196610 viewsSégusiaves
10624630104_466738dde1_o.jpg
Manuel Ier sb 1975 ?5 viewsSégusiaves
11249193503_3c26747b3d_o.jpg
Manuel Ier sb 19765 viewsSégusiaves
11249459535_a2412f2e24_o.jpg
Manuel Ier sb 19776 viewsSégusiaves
10905479425_04d62d4898_o.jpg
Manuel Ier sb 19797 viewsSégusiaves
10905511376_fb116504bc_o.jpg
Manuel Ier sb 19794 viewsSégusiaves
9821250283_f5bfbb2088_o.jpg
Manuel Ier sb 19805 viewsSégusiaves
12248187875_931c1868f4_o.jpg
Manuel Ier sb 19818 viewsSégusiaves
11249100525_d3af5f62a8_o.jpg
Manuel Ier sb 1982 (?)9 viewsSégusiaves
manuela_half_stv_thirdone.jpg
Manuel II 1/2 stavraton (1)18 viewsManuel II Palaeologus (1391-1425) 1/2 stavraton, 1403-1425, Constantinople.
Bust of Christ IC/XC A/-
Bust of the emperor pellet/pellet A g., ?. ?ICTO en fin
Sear 2552; D.O. 1507; PCPC 343. 3,65g.
Jean Elsen auc 125 lot 940
Chance Vandal
manuel_half_stv_2nd_one.jpg
Manuel II 1/2 stavraton (2)18 viewsManuel II Palaeologus (1391-1425) 1/2 stavraton, Constantinople.
Bust of Christ IC/XC star/-
Bust of the emperor pellet/pellet.
D.O. 1317; PCPC 334. 3,13g.
Jean Elsen auc 125 lot 937.
Chance Vandal
manuel_ii.JPG
Manuel II 1/2 stavraton (3)18 viewsManuel II Palaeologus (1391-1425) 1/2 stavraton, 1403-1425, Constantinople. Class II.
Bust of Christ IC/XC. A left christogramme.
Bust of the emperor pellet/pellet
Sear 2551; D.O. 1414; PCPC 334.5: 3.44 g.
Jean Elsen auc 118 lot 515
Chance Vandal
manuel_2_eighth_stav.jpg
Manuel II 1/8 stavraton16 viewsManuel II Palaeologus (1391-1425) 1/8 stavraton, 1403-1425, Constaninople.
Bust of Christ IC/XC
Bust of the emperor pellet/pellet
Sear 2553; D.O. 1543; PCPC 335. 0,55g.
Jean Elsen auc 125 lot 943
Chance Vandal
manuel_ii_stavraton.jpg
Manuel II stavraton22 viewsManuel II Palaeologus (1391-1425) stavraton, 1403-1425, Constantinople.
Bust of Christ lys/ K
Bust of emperor pellet/pellet
DOC 1402; Sear 2549. 7.08g, 25mm, 6h.
Rome Numismatics esale 9 lot 812
Chance Vandal
ital.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II36 viewsKM #5a.1 Italy Vittorio Emanuele II. AR 1 Lire. VITTORIO EMANUELE II 1863, head of Vittorio Emanuele right / REGNU D'ITALIA L-1, Crowned Italian arms within wreath. Mintmark M BN
KM #5a.1
Mintage: 24,050,000
oneill6217
itali.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II 1861 - 1878. Copper 2 Centesimi 1861 M.37 viewsItaly. Vittorio Emanuele II 1861 - 1878. Copper 2 Centesimi 1861 M. VITTORIO EMANUELE II RE D'ITALIA, head right / Star divides wreath containing value and date.

KM 2.1
oneill6217
vittor.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II 1861 - 1878. Copper 2 Centesimi 1861 M.34 viewsItaly. Vittorio Emanuele II 1861 - 1878. Copper 2 Centesimi 1861 M. VITTORIO EMANUELE II RE D'ITALIA, Head left / value, date, and mint-mark within wreath.

KM 2.1
oneill6217
1862ital.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II 1861 - 1878. Copper 5 centisimi 1862 N.80 viewsItaly. Vittorio Emanuele II 1861 - 1878. Copper 5 centisimi 1862 N. VITTORIO EMANUELE II RE D'ITALIA, head left / Value and date within wreath.

KM 3.3
oneill6217
vic.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II Copper 10 Centismi 1866 M71 viewsItaly. Vittorio Emanuele II Copper 10 Centismi 1866 M. VITTORIO EMANUELE II D'ITALIA, head left / 10 CENTISMI 1866 M, all within wreath.

KM 11.1
36,000,000 minted
oneill6217
italy1863.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II. 1861 - 1878. .8350 Silver 50-Centesimi 1863 N BN.31 viewsItaly. Vittorio Emanuele II. 1861 - 1878. .8350 Silver 50-Centesimi 1863 N BN. VITTORIO EMANUELE, head right / Regno D'Italia 50 CENTESIMI above branches.

KM 14.2
oneill6217
1866N.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II. 1861 - 1878. Copper 10-Centesimi 1866 N.51 viewsItaly. Vittorio Emanuele II. 1861 - 1878. Copper 10-Centesimi 1866 N. VITTORIO EMANUELE II RE D'ITALIA, head left / Value and date within wreath, star above.

KM 11.4
oneill6217
italy1866n.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II. 1861 - 1878. Copper 10-Centesimi 1866 N.44 viewsItaly. Vittorio Emanuele II. 1861 - 1878. Copper 10-Centesimi 1866 N. VITTORIO EMANUELE II RE D'ITALIA, head left / Value and date within wreath.

KM 11.4
oneill6217
italynnn.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II. 1861 - 1878. Copper Centisimo 1867 H.29 viewsItaly. Vittorio Emanuele II. 1861 - 1878. Copper Centisimo 1867 H. VITTORIO EMANUELE II, head left / Value and date within wreath.

KM 11.3
oneill6217
vitorrio1867.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II. 1861 - 1878. Copper Centisimo 1867.21 viewsItaly. Vittorio Emanuele II. 1861 - 1878. Copper Centisimo 1867. VITTORIO EMANUELE II RE D'ITALIA, head left / 1 CENTISIMO within wreath.

KM 1.1
oneill6217
ital1.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II. AE 10-Centismi 1867 OM33 viewsItaly Vittorio Emanuele II. AE 10-Centismi. VITTORIO EMANUELE II REY D' ITALIA, head of Vittorio Emanuele left / 10 CENTISMI 1867 in wreath, star above, mintmark OM below.

KM # 11.5
mintage: unknown
oneill6217
NAMUR_-_MAX_II_EMANUEL_LIARD_1712_RARE.jpg
NAMUR - Spanish Netherlands, Maximilian Emmanuel of Bavaria32 viewsNAMUR - Spanish Netherlands, Maximilian Emmanuel of Bavaria (1711-1714) Cu Liard, 1712. Obv.: Armored bust left. MAX . EMAN . D. G. ROM . IMP . EL Rev.: Crowned ME momogram divides date. DVX BAVARI • BRABANT C • FLAN Z • Reference: KM #20dpaul7
MALTA_DE_ROHAN_15_TALIERI.jpg
ORDER OF MALTA52 viewsORDER OF MALTA - Emmanuel De Rohan (1775-1797) AR 15 Tari, 1779. Obv.: F* EMMANUEL DE - ROHAN M*M*, Bust of De Rohan right. Rev.: Crowned coat of arms over eagle wings/legs/tail. SEPUL*HIERUSAL*17-79*HOSPITALS ET S* Reference: Craig #49a.1 commentsdpaul7
ord_malta_emman_de_rohan.jpg
ORDER OF MALTA43 viewsORDER OF MALTA - Emmanuel De Rohan (1775-1797) Cu 10 Grani, 1786. Obv.: Clasped hands, .1786. above; .X. below. FIDES. + NON. AES. SED. Reverse: Crowned arms, ane of Emmanuel de Rohan. Reference: KM#300.5dpaul7
SeptSevComana1.jpg
Pontus, Comana. Septimius Severus. Potentially unrecorded.31 viewsPontus, Comana. Septimius Severus (AD 193–211). Æ29mm (12.37g), 12h. Era of Comana 172 (AD 205–206).
Obverse: ΑΥ Κ Λ CЄΠ CЄΥΟΥΗΡΟC (sic), laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Reverse: ΙЄΡΟΚΑΙCΑ ΚΟΜΑΝЄ(WN), in exergue [ЄΤ] ΒΟΡ; eagle facing with head left and wings folded, grasping (?) serpent in its talons.
References: Rec. -; vA -; Righetti -; Leypold I -; BMC Pontus -; Weber -; Hunterian -; Mionnet II -; Mionnet Supp. IV -; KM -; Babelon, Inv. sommaire -.
Ex Emmanuel Lecoeur, 11-29-2010.
Mark Fox
PORTUGAL_VINTEM_D_MANUEL_I_No3.jpg
PORTUGAL - Manuel I31 viewsPORTUGAL - Manuel I (1495-1521) AR Vintem, Lisboa Mint. Obv.: Center crowned M flanked by annulets; L below left annulet. I : EMANVEL : R : P : ET : A : D : GVINE (with retrograde Ns) Rev.: Crowned shield, A : D : GVU / GVINNE Reference: AG #26.01dpaul7
MISC_Portugal_Manuel_I.JPG
Portugal. Manuel I (1495-1521)57 viewscf. Gomes 18.01

AR ½ vintem, 16 mm.

Obv: + I:EMA[NVE]L•R•P:ET•A•D:G, cross of five quinas (with five bezants in each).

Rev: [I:E]MANVEL•R:P:ET•A:D:G, cross cantonnée.

Note: The legend probably expands to Imperator Emanuel Rex Portugal Et Algarves Dominus Guinnee.
Stkp
2385b.jpg
Portuguese Malacca: Manuel I (1511-1521) Soldo, Malacca Mint (Singh-M.27)8 viewsObv: cross of Knights of Christ around 'NOSTRE SPES VNICA'
Rev: the armillary sphere
SpongeBob
RIC_677_Domitianus.jpg
RIC 0677 Domitianus36 viewsObv : IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII, Laureate head right
Rev : IMP XXI COS XIIII CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, with spear
AR/Denarius (19.11 mm 3.39 g 6h) Struck in Rome 88-89 A.D.(6th issue)
RIC 677 (R), RSC - BMCRE - BNF unlisted
Purchased on eBay from Manuel Guerrero in 2013
1 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
3108816_m.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC - Musa - AR Denarius41 viewsRome, The Republic.
Q. Pomponius Musa, 56-52 BCE
AR Denarius (3.76g; 20mm).
Rome Mint.

Obv: Q•POMPONI – MVSA; Head of Apollo facing right, hair tied with band.

Rev: HERCVLES – MVSARVM; Hercules facing right, wearing lion skin and playing lyre.

References: Crawford 410/1; Sydenham 810; Pomponia 8.

Provenance: Ex Collection of an English Amateur Scholar [NAC 92 (May 2016) Lot 1669]; Munzen und Medaillen XIX (Jun 1959) Lot 98; L. Hamburger 95 (1932} Lot 238; Manuel Vidal Quadras y Ramon (d. 1894) Collection [E. Bourgey (Nov 1913) Lot 526].

Q. Pomponius Musa punned his name by depicting the Muses on a series of coins. Musa’s coins have long been favorites of Roman Republican collectors both for their high-style and because they form a mini-series within the larger series of Republican moneyer coins. Basically, they're fun-to-collect tray candy.

Musa is unknown except for his coins, which, combined with scant hoard evidence, makes precise dating of the series difficult. For many years, scholars (including Crawford) dated the series to 66 BCE. However, the absence of any examples of the series in the large Mesagne hoard caused Hersh and Walker to bring down the date of the series to 56 BCE. In "Roman Moneyers and Their Coins" (2nd ed), Michael Harlan suggested a later date of 52 BCE due to the large number of moneyers attributed from 57-54.

This example of Musa's series does not depict a Muse at all, but Hercules Musarum – Hercules as patron of the Muses. In 187 BCE, Marcus Fulvius Nobilior, celebrating victories in Greece, dedicated a Temple of Hercules Musarum in Rome, near the Circus Flaminius. This round temple contained statues of Hercules and the nine Muses. It is possible that the reverses of Musa’s coins depict the actual statues contained within this temple, which were likely brought back to Rome as spoils from Greece. Over 100 years after this temple was consecrated, Cicero praised Nobilior for honoring poetry and the arts in his victory over the Greeks.

Apollo is often depicted androgynously on ancient coins. The standard references consistently attribute the obverse heads on all varieties of Musa’s coins as Apollo; but the depictions are notably different between the Hercules Musarum variety and the nine Muse varieties. On the above coin, the deity’s hair is down and tied, and generally consistent with many depictions of Apollo on other Roman Republican coins (see, e.g., denarii of L. Calpurnius Piso and C. Calpurnius Piso). Comparatively, the head on the Muse varieties of this series are considerably more feminine in appearance and laureate, though lacking earrings, necklaces or other feminine accents. Admittedly, this more feminine type head has also been attributed by scholars as Apollo on other coin types (see, e.g., denarii of P. Clodius and C. Considius). However, within the same series the different styled heads appear to depict different deities. Given the Muse emblems behind each head on the nine Muse types, it’s possible that the feminine heads are not Apollo, but the Muses themselves. Michael Harlan agrees with this interpretation in both editions of "Roman Republican Moneyers and their Coins." More research on this issue is needed.
3 commentsCarausius
Album-1890(1).jpg
Salduquds: Izz al-Din Salduq (1129-1168 CE) AE Fals, NM, ND (Album-1890)14 viewsObv: Two standing figures with the one on the right holding a patriarchal cross on three steps in his right hand. This may be the Byzantine emperor John II Comnenus on the left and St. George on the right, but it could equally well be the Emperor Manuel I Comnenus and St. Theodore on the right.
Rev: Arabic legend on four lines - السلطان المعظم مسعود بن محمد عز الدين صادق بن علي (The Mighty Sultan Mas‘ud ibn Muhammad ‘Izz al-Din Salduq ibn ‘Ali)

Citing the Western Seljuq overlord Mas'ud, who ruled 1134-1152
Quant.Geek
195~2.JPG
Savoie - Duché de Savoie, Charles Emmanuel III (1730-1773) 5 viewsSol, cuivre, 1,37 g
Av./ CAR EM D G REX SAR CYP ET IER 1736, croix évidée aux bras couronnée cantonnée de quatre croix de saint Maurice .
Rv./ DVX SAB ET MONTISF PRINC PED, monogramme CE fleuronné sous une couronne accosté de S-1 .
Réfs : Biaggi 1108
Gabalor
056~3.JPG
Savoie - Italie - Victor Emmanuel, duc de Savoie, prince du Piémont, roi de Chypre et de Jérusalem, roi de Sardaigne, marquis de Monferrat et duc de Gênes12 views5 lires, argent, 24,94 g, 37 mm
Atelier de Turin.
Av./ VIC EM D G REX SAR CYP ET IER, 1818, Tête à droite.
Rv./ DVX SAB IANVAE ET MONTISF PRINC PED L 5, Écu couronné entouré du collier de l'Ordre de l’Annonciade.
Réfs : P. 12
Cette belle monnaie contient un petit bout de Savoie rattaché à la France en 1860, d'où sa présence dans les féodales, même si s'en ai pas une.
Gabalor
SAVOY_EMANUELE_FILIBERTO.jpg
SAVOY - Emmanuel Philibert45 viewsSAVOY - Emmanuel Philibert (1553-1580) Forte TYpe IV. Minted in Nice. Lower grade, but Rare! Obv.: Simple shield with an anellino over and to sides, around: +• PHILIBER • DUX • SABA Rev.: Large P surrounded by four anellini, around: + AUXILUM • MEUM • To • DOM. Sim 75 Biaggi 467 MIR 553.
MANY THANKS to Paleologo for identification!
dpaul7
Sear_1962.jpg
Sear 1962102 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Billon aspron trachy, weight 4.3g, diameter 30mm.Abu Galyon
Sear_1963.jpg
Sear 196322 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Billon aspron trachy, weight 3.50g, diameter 30mm.Abu Galyon
Sear_1963_[2].jpg
Sear 196319 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Billon aspron trachy, weight 3.21g, diameter 32mm.Abu Galyon
Sear_1964.jpg
Sear 196458 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Billon aspron trachy, weight 3.8g, diameter 27mm. Abu Galyon
Sear_1965.jpg
Sear 196565 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Billon aspron trachy, weight 4.3g, diameter 30mm.Abu Galyon
Sear_1966.jpg
Sear 1966115 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Billon aspron trachy, weight 3.5g, diameter 32mm.Abu Galyon
Sear_1966_Stars.jpg
Sear 196653 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Billon aspron trachy, weight 4.3g, diameter 27 mm. Hendy’s “Variety C”, with large stars in the obverse field to left and right above Christ’s throne. Abu Galyon
Sear_1966_[2].jpg
Sear 196643 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Billon aspron trachy, weight 3.85g, diameter 27mm. Abu Galyon
Sear_1966_Stars_[2].jpg
Sear 196630 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Billon aspron trachy, weight 2.94g, diameter 31 mm. Hendy’s “Variety C”, with large stars in the obverse field to left and right above Christ’s throne. Abu Galyon
Sear_1966_[5].jpg
Sear 196617 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Billon aspron trachy, weight 3.86g, diameter 29mm.Abu Galyon
Sear_1967.jpg
Sear 196715 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Tetarteron, weight 3.08 g, diameter 20 mm. Mint of Constantinople.Abu Galyon
Sear_1968.jpg
Sear 196816 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Tetarteron, weight 4.03 g, diameter 20 mm. Mint of Constantinople.Abu Galyon
Sear_1970.jpg
Sear 197037 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Tetarteron, weight 3.0 g, diameter 21 x 16mm. Mint of Constantinople. Abu Galyon
Sear_1970_[2].jpg
Sear 197028 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Tetarteron, weight 3.56 g, diameter 21 mm. Mint of Constantinople.Abu Galyon
Sear_1975.jpg
Sear 197534 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Tetarteron, weight 4.4g, diameter 20mm. Mint of Thessalonica.Abu Galyon
Sear_1975_[2].jpg
Sear 197513 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Tetarteron, weight 4.42g, diameter 21mm. Mint of Thessalonica.Abu Galyon
Sear_1976.jpg
Sear 197622 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE), Tetarteron, weight 3.7g, diameter 22mm. Mint of ThessalonicaAbu Galyon
Sear_1977.jpg
Sear 197712 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Half-tetarteron, weight 2.99g, diameter 19mm. Mint of Thessalonica. Abu Galyon
Sear_1978.jpg
Sear 197828 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Half-tetarteron, weight 2.2g, diameter 19mm. Mint of Thessalonica.Abu Galyon
Sear_1979.jpg
Sear 197917 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Half-tetarteron, weight 2.45g, diameter 18mm. Uncertain Greek mint. Abu Galyon
Sear_1979_AE14.jpg
Sear 197919 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Half-tetarteron, weight 1.6g, diameter 14mm. Uncertain Greek mint.Abu Galyon
Sear_1979_[3].jpg
Sear 1979var36 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Half-tetarteron (light standard), weight 1.32g, diameter 15mm. Uncertain Greek mint. Note the pellets below the Λ and to the left of the Δ. Symmetry suggests that similar pellets should be found near the other two corner letters (M and K), producing a minor (but unpublished, as far as I know) variation on the normal (pellet-free) monogram 58 obverse. Abu Galyon
Sear_1980.jpg
Sear 198060 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Half-tetarteron, weight 2.4g, diameter 17mm. Uncertain Greek mint. This is the 'scaled down' version of Sear 1975.Abu Galyon
Sear_1980_(2).jpg
Sear 198062 viewsManuel I Comnenus (1143 – 1180 CE) Half-tetarteron, weight 1.7g, diameter 15.5mm. Uncertain Greek mint. Abu Galyon
Sear_2179.jpg
Sear 217921 viewsManuel Comnenus–Ducas (1230 – 1237 CE) Billon aspron trachy, weight 0.71g, diameter 20mm, clipped. Mint of Thessalonica, struck 1234-37 CE. This is Hendy’s “Type C” billon trachy, corresponding to CLBC 13.5.1Abu Galyon
Spain_1788_Escudo.JPG
Spain, Charles III, 1759 - 178824 viewsObv: CAROL . III . D . G . HISP . R . 1788, bust of Charles III facing right.

Rev: No legend, crowned oval shield in collar of The Golden Fleece, at left crowned M and M (assayer: Manuel de Lamas) at right.

Gold Half Escudo, Madrid mint, 1788 (with faint traces of a 7 under the last 8)

1.8 grams, 14.57 mm
SPQR Coins
Theodore_Comnenus-Ducas_of_Thessalonica,_SBCV.JPG
Theodore Comnenus-Ducas of Thessalonica, SBCV 21 viewsO EMMANγHΛ
Bust of Christ Emmanuel, beardless
ΘEOΔΩPOCΔγK OΛΓIOΔIMITP
Full length figures of Theodore and St.Demetrius, long haloed cross between
Empire of Thessalonica, Thessalonica mint
AE assaron, 22mm, 1.71g
novacystis
man2.jpg
trachy44 viewsBillon trachy. IC - XC. Segnender Christus mit Evangeliar en face thronend, im Feld links ein Stern. Rs: Manuel in Loros mit Labarum und Kreuzglobus en face stehend, gekrönt von Jungfrau Maria, die neben ihm steht. Sear 1966. Alexios
Tray2.jpg
Tray251 viewsLate Roman and Byzantine from Galerius to Manuel IPekka K
DSCF8396.jpg
Turkey, Istanbul, Column of Constantine52 views9-6-2015
Known locally as "Çemberlitaş" which translates as "hooped Stone" due to the Iron hoops added in 1779 AD after an earthquake and fire. The base was also reinforced at this date.
The column was inaugurated in 330 AD and originally had three more sections with a large Capital upon which was a gilded statue of Constantine in the guise of his favourite deity, Sol.
At the base of the column was said to have been a sanctuary with ancient relics stored.
A hurricane blew down the statue, Capital and upper three sections of column in 1106 AD.
In the reign of Manuel I (1143-1180 AD) a new Capital was installed with a dedicatory inscription around it which translates as "Faithful Manuel invigorated this holy work of art, which has been damaged by time."
A Cross was also placed on top of this, removed after the Ottoman conquest in 1453 AD. Bronze Wreaths are said to have covered the joints of the column, where the stone ones are today, said to have been looted by the Franks in 1204 AD.
Masis
TUSCANY_1860_50_CENT.jpg
TUSCANY - Victor Emmanuel II91 viewsTUSCANY - Victor Emmanuel II, under Second Provisional Government (1859-1861). AR 50 Centesimo. Obv.: King faces right; VITTORIO EMANUELE RE ELETTO ; mint marks below bust. Rev.: Crowned arms in wreath; CINQUANTA CENTESIMI .FIRENZE. (mint name) 1860. Reference: C#84.dpaul7
man1pano.jpg
[1663a] Byzantine Empire: Manuel I Comnenus Megas (1143-1180)---NOT TO BE CONFUSED WITH---[1685a] Empire of Trebizond: Manuel I Komnenos Megas (1218-1263 AD)155 viewsManuel I Comnenus Megas (1143-1180). AE billon trachy; Sear 1964; 30mm, 3.91g.; Constantinople mint; aF. Obverse: MP-OV-The Virgin enthroned. Nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium; Reverse: Maueil standing facing, wearing crown, holding labarum and globe surmounted by Patriachal cross. Ex SPQR.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

MANUEL I COMNENUS (A.D. 1143-1180)

Andrew Stone
University of Western Australia

Introduction: Sources
The reign of the emperor Manuel I Comnenus (5 April 1143- 24 September 1180) could well be regarded as a high-water mark of Byzantine civilization. It was the apogee of the so-called "Comnenian Restoration". Politically, the emperor undertook an ambitious foreign policy which has been seen by some, particularly in the light of many ultimate failures, as "misguided imperialism", recent scholarship has come to question this traditional judgment and suggests instead that the the Comnenian foreign policy was rather an energetic seizing of the different opportunities that presented themselves in the rapidly changing constellations of powers of the time. Such measures were made possible by the internal security of the empire under this, its third, Comnenian incumbent, although there were a few other aspirants to the throne, not least among them the emperor's cousin Andronicus. Manuel and other key members of the "Comnenian system", as it has been called, were patrons of rhetoric and other forms of learning and literature, and Manuel himself became keenly interested in ecclesiastical affairs, even if here his imperialistic agenda was a factor as he tried to bring Constantinopolitan theology in line with that of the west in a bid to unite the Church under his crown.

In terms of volume of contemporary material, Manuel is the most eulogised of all Byzantine emperors, and the panegyric addressed to him supplements the two major Byzantine historians of the reign, the more critical Nicetas Choniates and the laudatory John Cinnamus, as primary sources for the student of the period to study. The Crusader historian William of Tyre met Manuel personally, and such was the scope of Manuel's diplomacy that he is mentioned incidentally in western sources, such as Romuald of Salerno. Among authors of the encomia (panegyrics) we have mentioned are Theodore Prodromus and the so-called "Manganeios" Prodromus, who wrote in verse, and the prose encomiasts Michael the Rhetor, Eustathius of Thessalonica and Euthymius Malaces, to name the most important. Manuel, with his penchant for the Latins and their ways, left a legacy of Byzantine resentment against these outsiders, which was to be ruthlessly exploited by Andronicus in the end.

Manuel as sebastokrator
Manuel was born in the imperial porphyry birthchamber on 28 November 1118. He was the fourth of John II's sons, so it seemed very unlikely that he would succeed. As a youth, Manuel evidently accompanied John on campaign, for in the Anatolian expedition of 1139-41 we find Manuel rashly charging a small group of the Turkish enemy, an action for which he was castigated by his father, even though John, we are told, was inwardly impressed (mention of the incident is made in John's deathbed speech in both John Cinnamus and Nicetas Choniates). John negotiated a marriage contract for Manuel with Conrad III of Germany; he was to marry Bertha of Sulzbach. It seems to have been John's plan to carve out a client principality for Manuel from Cilicia, Cyprus and Coele Syria. In the event, it was Manuel who succeeded him.

The Securing of the Succession 1143
In the article on John II it is related how the dying John chose his youngest son Manuel to succeed him in preference to his other surviving son Isaac. Manuel was acclaimed emperor by the armies on 5 April 1143. Manuel stayed in Cilicia, where the army was stationed, for thirty days, to complete the funeral rites for his father. He sent his father's right-hand man John Axuch, however, to Constantinople to confine Isaac to the Pantokrator Monastery and to effect a donation of two hundredweight of silver coin to the clergy of the Great Church. The surviving encomium of Michael Italicus, Teacher of the Gospel, for the new emperor can be regarded as a return gift for this largesse. In the meantime the Caesar John Roger, husband of Manuel's eldest sister Maria, had been plotting to seize the throne; the plot was, however, given away by his wife before it could take effect. Manuel marched home to enter Constantinople c. July 1143. He secured the good-will of the people by commanding that every household should be granted two gold coins. Isaac the younger (Manuel's brother) and Isaac the elder (Manuel's paternal uncle), were both released from captivity and reconciled with him. Manuel chose Michael Oxeites as the new patriarch and was crowned either in August or November 1143.

Manuel confirmed John Axuch in the office of Grand Domestic, that is, commander of the army, appointed John of Poutze as procurator of public taxes, grand commissioner and inspector of accounts and John Hagiotheodorites as chancellor. John of Poutze proved to be an oppressive tax collector, but was also unsusceptible to bribery. However, this John diverted monies levied for the navy into the treasury, which would, as we shall see, further Byzantine dependence on the maritime Italian city-states of Venice, Genoa and Pisa.

Early Campaigns: 1144-1146
Manuel's first concern was to consolidate the work of his father in securing the eastern frontier. He sent a force under the brothers Andronicus and John Contostephanus against the recalcitrant Crusader prince Raymond of Antioch, which consisted of both an army and a navy, the latter commanded by Demetrius Branas. Raymond's army was routed, and the naval force inflicted no small damage on the coastal regions of the principality. In the meantime the Crusader city of Edessa fell to the Turkish atabeg Zengi. Raymond therefore travelled to Constantinople as a suppliant to Manuel. It was subsequently decided, in the light of Manuel's imperial status, that the terms under which he would marry Bertha of Sulzbach should be improved. Manuel asked for 500 knights, and Conrad happily granted them, being prepared to supply 2000 or 3000 if need be all for the sake of this alliance. Bertha took the Greek name Irene.

The Seljuk sultanate of Rum under Masud had become the ascendant Turkish power in Anatolia. Manuel himself supervised the rebuilding of the fortress of Melangeia on the Sangarius river in Bithynia (1145 or 1146). In the most daring campaign of these early years, after building the new fort of Pithecas in Bithynia, Manuel advanced as far into Turkish territory as Konya (Iconium), the Seljuk capital. He had been wounded in the foot by an arrow at a mighty battle at Philomelium (which had been Masud's headquarters), and the city had been rased; once at Konya, he allowed his troops to despoil the graves outside the city walls, before taking the road home.

Cinnamus relates that the gratutitous heroics which Manuel displayed on this campaign were calculated to impress Manuel's new bride. Manuel and his army were harried by Turks on the journey home. Manuel erected the fort of Pylae before leaving Anatolia.

[For a detailed and interesting discussion of the reign of Manuel I Comnenus please see http://www.roman-emperors.org/mannycom.htm]

Frederick Barbarossa and the "two-emperor problem"
Frederick Barbarossa, who was to become a constant menace to Manuel's designs, had succeeded his uncle Conrad III in 1152, but unlike him proved in the end unprepared to make any territorial concessions in Italy. The origins of this "cold war" between the two empires cannot be dated with any certainty, but there may have been a tendency to date it too early. One school of thought would not date the outbreak of this rivalry to any earlier than 1159-60, the death of Manuel's German wife, Bertha-Irene. About this time there was a scare at Constantinople that Frederick Barbarossa would march on Byzantium, perhaps reflecting a desire on Frederick's part to crusade (which he eventually did, in the reign of Isaac II Angelus). The new Pope, Alexander III, by, as it would seem, offering to grant Manuel the imperial crown, used it as a bargaining chip to play off the emperors of west and east against one another. Manuel may have supported Alexander during the papal schism of 1160-1177 because he was the preferred candidate of Hungary and the Crusader states, both of which he hoped would recognise him as their feudal overlord. By this means he could claim sovereign rights over the crusading movement, and thereby turn it to his advantage. The playing off of Manuel against Frederick continued right up until 1177, the Peace of Venice, whereby Frederick agreed to recognise Pope Alexander, the autonomy of Sicily and of the northern Italian communes. But this result was not a foregone conclusion in the 1160s and early 1170s, and Manuel used Byzantine gold to win supporters in Italy and thereby keep Frederick occupied.

Marriage to Maria of Antioch 1161
Bertha-Irene died in late 1159/early 1160. Manuel sought to strengthen his ties with the Crusader principalities by selecting an eastern Latin princess for his wife. The exceedingly beautiful Maria of Antioch, daughter of Raymond of Antioch, was chosen, and the nuptials celebrated at Christmas, 1161.


Dynastic considerations 1169-1172
Manuel's wife Maria of Antioch gave birth to a baby boy 14 September 1169 in the porphyry marble birthchamber, the cause of great festivities. The infant was crowned emperor in 1171. With the death of Stephen III of Hungary in 1172, Stephen's brother Béla was sent out from Constantinople to assume the throne (though without Sirmium and Dalmatia being surrendered to the Hungarian crown). A husband for Maria Porphyrogenita was therefore required. At first it was proposed that she marry William II of Sicily, who was outraged when she failed to show up at Taranto on the appointed day, the emperor having had second thoughts.


The final months 1180
Manuel took ill in the month of March 1180. During this period of terminal illness the last major religious controversies took place. We are told that Manuel directed that the anathema pronounced against the god of Muhammad be removed from the abjuration against the Islamic faith declared by converts to Christianity. Manuel was opposed by the last patriarch of his reign, Theodosius Boradiotes (1179-1183), as well as, notably, by Eustathius of Thessalonica. Both parties were satisfied in the end upon a reading of the emperor's proposed amendments to the abjuration. This controversy would seem to be a different one from the one alluded to in Eustathius' funeral oration for Manuel, since Manuel is praised by Eustathius for his stance in it, which seems to have revolved around a book written by a convert from Islam that magnified the Father at the expense of the Son (and therefore had Arian overtones). It became apparent that the emperor was dying, and, on the advice of Theodosius, he renounced astrology. As his end approached, he assumed the monastic habit and the name Matthew, demanding that his wife Maria become a nun. Manuel's son Alexius was but eleven, and the minority would prove to be disastrous for Byzantium. Manuel died thirty-seven years and nine months from the beginning of his reign.

General strategies in Manuel's foreign policy
The funeral oration for Manuel by Eustathius of Thessalonica is an interesting document in that it discusses some of the general policies pursued over Manuel's reign. It endorses his policy of dividing his enemies, the Petchenegs, the Sicilian Normans and the Turks, among themselves by using Byzantine gold, a policy of "divide and rule". We have seen how this was applied especially in Italy. Another general policy was to create friendly buffer states on the frontiers of the empire, most notably Hungary (and Serbia) and the Crusader States. Manuel would deliberately underpin the most powerful potentate in each region (the king of Hungary, the king of Jerusalem, the sultan of Konya) and thereby emphasise his own absolute sovereignty. In the funeral oration this granting of autonomy is justified as the reward for good service, as in the parable of the talents. We also see in the panegyric of the 1170s the downplaying of the idea of world rule which was so prevalent in the reign of John. Although Manuel claimed sovereign rights over many of his neighbours, his territorial claims were limited: coastal southern Italy, Dalmatia and Sirmium, coastal Egypt. The Byzantines seem to have come to terms with the reality of nation states and it is in Manuel's reign that they begin to refer to themselves not only as "Romans", but as "Hellenes", in order to demarcate themselves from the barbarians surrounding them.

Manuel's taxation, government and army
Nicetas Choniates roundly criticises Manuel in his history for increasing taxes and lavishing money on his family and retainers, particularly his Latin favourites. We have also seen how money was spent in Manuel's ambitious foreign policy. Mention is made of two towers, one at Damalis, and one next to the monastery of the Mangana, between which a chain could be stretched to block the Bosphorus. Then there was the work done at both the Great Palace and the Palace of the Blachernae, galleries, a pavilion alla Turca and numerous mosaics. He also founded a monastery at Kataskepe at the mouth of the Black Sea, which was endowed from the imperial treasury.

Choniates further criticizes the continuation and spread of the granting of pronoiai, parcels of land, the income from each of which supported a soldier. Many of these were granted to foreigners, for example, Turks captured in the Meander campaigns were settled around Thessalonica. The pronoia would pay not only for a soldier's upkeep, but his expensive equipment, for in Manuel's reign the bow and arrow and circular shield had been replaced by a heavier western-style panoply of armour, large triangular shield and lance. Choniates laments how fashionable a practice it had become in Manuel's reign to forsake the land or one's trade and become enlisted in the army.

Manuel and the "Comnenian system"
Throughout Manuel's reign, as under his father John, the top tier of the aristocracy was formed by the emperor's family, the Comneni, and the families into which they married. The extended family was, however, by now becoming unwieldy, and beginning to lose its cohesion, as the example of Manuel's cousin Andronicus shows. Under Manuel it was degree of kinship to the emperor which determined one's rank, as synodal listings show. So it was that very quickly after Manuel's death the upper tier of the aristocracy splintered into separate groups, each with its own identity and interests.

Literature
The various aristocratic courts, that of the emperor and other key members of the extended family, most notably the sebastokrator Isaac Comnenus the elder and the sebastokratorissa Irene, widow of Manuel's brother Andronicus, attracted literati who would seek to serve under them. Such figures would not only turn their hands to literature, encomia in prose or poetry, expositions on mythology, commentaries on Homer or the philosophers, historical chronicles and even, in this period, romances - the twelfth century is a high point of literary production at Constantinople, so much so that some have even talked of a "Comnenian renaissance" - but they would seek to perform more menial, such as administrative, duties to support themselves. Such men would often come from noble families whose prestige had been eclipsed by the Comnenian upper tier of the aristocracy. Serving under a lord was one way of advancing oneself, entering the Church was another.

The patriarchal church and education
The deacons of the church of St Sophia were a powerful group, the chartophylax being second only to the patriarch. These deacons would either go on to become bishops in the provinces, or possibly first hold one of the professorial chairs associated with the patriarchal church. First there were the "teachers", didaskaloi of the Gospels, Epistles and Psalter. Then there was the maistor ton rhetoron, "master of the rhetors", responsible for delivering speeches in praise of the emperor on January 6 each year and of the patriarch on the Saturday prior to Palm Sunday, as well as for other state occasions. And there was the hypatos ton philosophon, "consul of the philosophers", an office which had lapsed but was revived under Manuel.

Character and Legacy
Was Byzantium of the middle to late twelfth century living on borrowed time? Until recently this was the verdict of many scholars. Yet John II and Manuel had, if there is any kernel of truth in their encomia, at least temporarily reversed the overrunning of Anatolia by the Turks, and Manuel had won Dalmatia and Sirmium from Hungary. But Byzantine collapse was rapid, which is the reason why scholars have searched in the reigns of John and Manuel for the beginnings of the disintegration that occurred under the last Comneni and the Angeli. The history and comments of Nicetas Choniates have been adduced as vindicating this view. The victory of the military aristocracy that the establishment of the Comnenian dynasty represents has been seen as both the reason for the temporary reversal of Byzantine fortunes - government by three very capable autocrats - and of ultimate failure, because of the splintering into factions that oligarchy, such as was present in the Comnenian system, foments. A Marxist interpretation is that the feudalisation of the Byzantine Empire, the depletion of the free peasantry, that began to take place in the middle period was the reason for its ultimate failure. But to the Byzantines at the time Byzantium seemed to be holding its own; the "nations" around were being kept at bay, and even though the panegyric of renovation is less evident than in the reign of John II, the emperor remains despotes, "master" of the oikoumene, "world". Indeed, Manuel would be remembered in France, Genoa and the Crusader States as the most powerful sovereign in the world.

We have mentioned the funeral oration for Manuel by Eustathius of Thessalonica. This contains a series of vignettes of the personal aspects of Manuel. There are commonplaces: the emperor is able to endure hunger, thirst, heat and cold, lack of sleep and so on, and sweats copiously in his endeavours on the empire's part. Although these ideas have been recycled from earlier reigns, notably that of John II, the contemporary historians agree that Manuel was an indefatigable and daring warrior. However, there are more specifically individual touches in the Eustathian oration. Manuel had a manly suntan and was tall in stature. The emperor was capable of clever talk, but could also talk to others on a man-to-man basis. Eustathius makes much of the emperor's book-learning (Cinnamus claims to have discussed Aristotle with the emperor). The restoration of churches was a major concern for Manuel. He also had some expertise in medicine (he had tended Conrad III of Germany and Baldwin III of Jerusalem personally). Manuel showed temperance in eating and drinking, with a certain liking for beer as well as wine, the latter being mixed sour after the manner of ascetics. Likewise, he would not slumber long. He would generally choose walking over riding. The oration closes on the widow and orphan Manuel has left behind. The situation resulting for the Byzantine Empire at this stage, with the vacuum created by Manuel would result in no less than implosion.

Copyright (C) 2003, Andrew Stone.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
ManuelStGeorge.jpg
[1663a] Byzantine Empire: Manuel I Comnenus Megas (1143-1180)---NOT TO BE CONFUSED WITH---[1685a] Empire of Trebizond: Manuel I Komnenos Megas (1218-1263 AD)131 viewsMANUEL I COMNENUS AE tetarteron. 1143-1180 AD. 19mm, 2.8g. Obverse: Bust of St. George facing, beardless, wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass and sagion, and holding spear. Reverse: MANVHL-DECPOT, bust of Manuel facing, wearing crown and loros, holding labarum & globe-cross. Simply wonderful style, very sharp for the issue. A gorgeous late Byzantine coin! Ex Incitatus.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

MANUEL I COMNENUS (A.D. 1143-1180)

Andrew Stone
University of Western Australia

Introduction: Sources
The reign of the emperor Manuel I Comnenus (5 April 1143- 24 September 1180) could well be regarded as a high-water mark of Byzantine civilization. It was the apogee of the so-called "Comnenian Restoration". Politically, the emperor undertook an ambitious foreign policy which has been seen by some, particularly in the light of many ultimate failures, as "misguided imperialism", recent scholarship has come to question this traditional judgment and suggests instead that the the Comnenian foreign policy was rather an energetic seizing of the different opportunities that presented themselves in the rapidly changing constellations of powers of the time. Such measures were made possible by the internal security of the empire under this, its third, Comnenian incumbent, although there were a few other aspirants to the throne, not least among them the emperor's cousin Andronicus. Manuel and other key members of the "Comnenian system", as it has been called, were patrons of rhetoric and other forms of learning and literature, and Manuel himself became keenly interested in ecclesiastical affairs, even if here his imperialistic agenda was a factor as he tried to bring Constantinopolitan theology in line with that of the west in a bid to unite the Church under his crown.

In terms of volume of contemporary material, Manuel is the most eulogised of all Byzantine emperors, and the panegyric addressed to him supplements the two major Byzantine historians of the reign, the more critical Nicetas Choniates and the laudatory John Cinnamus, as primary sources for the student of the period to study. The Crusader historian William of Tyre met Manuel personally, and such was the scope of Manuel's diplomacy that he is mentioned incidentally in western sources, such as Romuald of Salerno. Among authors of the encomia (panegyrics) we have mentioned are Theodore Prodromus and the so-called "Manganeios" Prodromus, who wrote in verse, and the prose encomiasts Michael the Rhetor, Eustathius of Thessalonica and Euthymius Malaces, to name the most important. Manuel, with his penchant for the Latins and their ways, left a legacy of Byzantine resentment against these outsiders, which was to be ruthlessly exploited by Andronicus in the end.

Manuel as sebastokrator
Manuel was born in the imperial porphyry birthchamber on 28 November 1118. He was the fourth of John II's sons, so it seemed very unlikely that he would succeed. As a youth, Manuel evidently accompanied John on campaign, for in the Anatolian expedition of 1139-41 we find Manuel rashly charging a small group of the Turkish enemy, an action for which he was castigated by his father, even though John, we are told, was inwardly impressed (mention of the incident is made in John's deathbed speech in both John Cinnamus and Nicetas Choniates). John negotiated a marriage contract for Manuel with Conrad III of Germany; he was to marry Bertha of Sulzbach. It seems to have been John's plan to carve out a client principality for Manuel from Cilicia, Cyprus and Coele Syria. In the event, it was Manuel who succeeded him.

The Securing of the Succession 1143
In the article on John II it is related how the dying John chose his youngest son Manuel to succeed him in preference to his other surviving son Isaac. Manuel was acclaimed emperor by the armies on 5 April 1143. Manuel stayed in Cilicia, where the army was stationed, for thirty days, to complete the funeral rites for his father. He sent his father's right-hand man John Axuch, however, to Constantinople to confine Isaac to the Pantokrator Monastery and to effect a donation of two hundredweight of silver coin to the clergy of the Great Church. The surviving encomium of Michael Italicus, Teacher of the Gospel, for the new emperor can be regarded as a return gift for this largesse. In the meantime the Caesar John Roger, husband of Manuel's eldest sister Maria, had been plotting to seize the throne; the plot was, however, given away by his wife before it could take effect. Manuel marched home to enter Constantinople c. July 1143. He secured the good-will of the people by commanding that every household should be granted two gold coins. Isaac the younger (Manuel's brother) and Isaac the elder (Manuel's paternal uncle), were both released from captivity and reconciled with him. Manuel chose Michael Oxeites as the new patriarch and was crowned either in August or November 1143.

Manuel confirmed John Axuch in the office of Grand Domestic, that is, commander of the army, appointed John of Poutze as procurator of public taxes, grand commissioner and inspector of accounts and John Hagiotheodorites as chancellor. John of Poutze proved to be an oppressive tax collector, but was also unsusceptible to bribery. However, this John diverted monies levied for the navy into the treasury, which would, as we shall see, further Byzantine dependence on the maritime Italian city-states of Venice, Genoa and Pisa.

Early Campaigns: 1144-1146
Manuel's first concern was to consolidate the work of his father in securing the eastern frontier. He sent a force under the brothers Andronicus and John Contostephanus against the recalcitrant Crusader prince Raymond of Antioch, which consisted of both an army and a navy, the latter commanded by Demetrius Branas. Raymond's army was routed, and the naval force inflicted no small damage on the coastal regions of the principality. In the meantime the Crusader city of Edessa fell to the Turkish atabeg Zengi. Raymond therefore travelled to Constantinople as a suppliant to Manuel. It was subsequently decided, in the light of Manuel's imperial status, that the terms under which he would marry Bertha of Sulzbach should be improved. Manuel asked for 500 knights, and Conrad happily granted them, being prepared to supply 2000 or 3000 if need be all for the sake of this alliance. Bertha took the Greek name Irene.

The Seljuk sultanate of Rum under Masud had become the ascendant Turkish power in Anatolia. Manuel himself supervised the rebuilding of the fortress of Melangeia on the Sangarius river in Bithynia (1145 or 1146). In the most daring campaign of these early years, after building the new fort of Pithecas in Bithynia, Manuel advanced as far into Turkish territory as Konya (Iconium), the Seljuk capital. He had been wounded in the foot by an arrow at a mighty battle at Philomelium (which had been Masud's headquarters), and the city had been rased; once at Konya, he allowed his troops to despoil the graves outside the city walls, before taking the road home.

Cinnamus relates that the gratutitous heroics which Manuel displayed on this campaign were calculated to impress Manuel's new bride. Manuel and his army were harried by Turks on the journey home. Manuel erected the fort of Pylae before leaving Anatolia.

[For a detailed and interesting discussion of the reign of Manuel I Comnenus please see http://www.roman-emperors.org/mannycom.htm]

Frederick Barbarossa and the "two-emperor problem"
Frederick Barbarossa, who was to become a constant menace to Manuel's designs, had succeeded his uncle Conrad III in 1152, but unlike him proved in the end unprepared to make any territorial concessions in Italy. The origins of this "cold war" between the two empires cannot be dated with any certainty, but there may have been a tendency to date it too early. One school of thought would not date the outbreak of this rivalry to any earlier than 1159-60, the death of Manuel's German wife, Bertha-Irene. About this time there was a scare at Constantinople that Frederick Barbarossa would march on Byzantium, perhaps reflecting a desire on Frederick's part to crusade (which he eventually did, in the reign of Isaac II Angelus). The new Pope, Alexander III, by, as it would seem, offering to grant Manuel the imperial crown, used it as a bargaining chip to play off the emperors of west and east against one another. Manuel may have supported Alexander during the papal schism of 1160-1177 because he was the preferred candidate of Hungary and the Crusader states, both of which he hoped would recognise him as their feudal overlord. By this means he could claim sovereign rights over the crusading movement, and thereby turn it to his advantage. The playing off of Manuel against Frederick continued right up until 1177, the Peace of Venice, whereby Frederick agreed to recognise Pope Alexander, the autonomy of Sicily and of the northern Italian communes. But this result was not a foregone conclusion in the 1160s and early 1170s, and Manuel used Byzantine gold to win supporters in Italy and thereby keep Frederick occupied.

Marriage to Maria of Antioch 1161
Bertha-Irene died in late 1159/early 1160. Manuel sought to strengthen his ties with the Crusader principalities by selecting an eastern Latin princess for his wife. The exceedingly beautiful Maria of Antioch, daughter of Raymond of Antioch, was chosen, and the nuptials celebrated at Christmas, 1161.


Dynastic considerations 1169-1172
Manuel's wife Maria of Antioch gave birth to a baby boy 14 September 1169 in the porphyry marble birthchamber, the cause of great festivities. The infant was crowned emperor in 1171. With the death of Stephen III of Hungary in 1172, Stephen's brother Béla was sent out from Constantinople to assume the throne (though without Sirmium and Dalmatia being surrendered to the Hungarian crown). A husband for Maria Porphyrogenita was therefore required. At first it was proposed that she marry William II of Sicily, who was outraged when she failed to show up at Taranto on the appointed day, the emperor having had second thoughts.


The final months 1180
Manuel took ill in the month of March 1180. During this period of terminal illness the last major religious controversies took place. We are told that Manuel directed that the anathema pronounced against the god of Muhammad be removed from the abjuration against the Islamic faith declared by converts to Christianity. Manuel was opposed by the last patriarch of his reign, Theodosius Boradiotes (1179-1183), as well as, notably, by Eustathius of Thessalonica. Both parties were satisfied in the end upon a reading of the emperor's proposed amendments to the abjuration. This controversy would seem to be a different one from the one alluded to in Eustathius' funeral oration for Manuel, since Manuel is praised by Eustathius for his stance in it, which seems to have revolved around a book written by a convert from Islam that magnified the Father at the expense of the Son (and therefore had Arian overtones). It became apparent that the emperor was dying, and, on the advice of Theodosius, he renounced astrology. As his end approached, he assumed the monastic habit and the name Matthew, demanding that his wife Maria become a nun. Manuel's son Alexius was but eleven, and the minority would prove to be disastrous for Byzantium. Manuel died thirty-seven years and nine months from the beginning of his reign.

General strategies in Manuel's foreign policy
The funeral oration for Manuel by Eustathius of Thessalonica is an interesting document in that it discusses some of the general policies pursued over Manuel's reign. It endorses his policy of dividing his enemies, the Petchenegs, the Sicilian Normans and the Turks, among themselves by using Byzantine gold, a policy of "divide and rule". We have seen how this was applied especially in Italy. Another general policy was to create friendly buffer states on the frontiers of the empire, most notably Hungary (and Serbia) and the Crusader States. Manuel would deliberately underpin the most powerful potentate in each region (the king of Hungary, the king of Jerusalem, the sultan of Konya) and thereby emphasise his own absolute sovereignty. In the funeral oration this granting of autonomy is justified as the reward for good service, as in the parable of the talents. We also see in the panegyric of the 1170s the downplaying of the idea of world rule which was so prevalent in the reign of John. Although Manuel claimed sovereign rights over many of his neighbours, his territorial claims were limited: coastal southern Italy, Dalmatia and Sirmium, coastal Egypt. The Byzantines seem to have come to terms with the reality of nation states and it is in Manuel's reign that they begin to refer to themselves not only as "Romans", but as "Hellenes", in order to demarcate themselves from the barbarians surrounding them.

Manuel's taxation, government and army
Nicetas Choniates roundly criticises Manuel in his history for increasing taxes and lavishing money on his family and retainers, particularly his Latin favourites. We have also seen how money was spent in Manuel's ambitious foreign policy. Mention is made of two towers, one at Damalis, and one next to the monastery of the Mangana, between which a chain could be stretched to block the Bosphorus. Then there was the work done at both the Great Palace and the Palace of the Blachernae, galleries, a pavilion alla Turca and numerous mosaics. He also founded a monastery at Kataskepe at the mouth of the Black Sea, which was endowed from the imperial treasury.

Choniates further criticizes the continuation and spread of the granting of pronoiai, parcels of land, the income from each of which supported a soldier. Many of these were granted to foreigners, for example, Turks captured in the Meander campaigns were settled around Thessalonica. The pronoia would pay not only for a soldier's upkeep, but his expensive equipment, for in Manuel's reign the bow and arrow and circular shield had been replaced by a heavier western-style panoply of armour, large triangular shield and lance. Choniates laments how fashionable a practice it had become in Manuel's reign to forsake the land or one's trade and become enlisted in the army.

Manuel and the "Comnenian system"
Throughout Manuel's reign, as under his father John, the top tier of the aristocracy was formed by the emperor's family, the Comneni, and the families into which they married. The extended family was, however, by now becoming unwieldy, and beginning to lose its cohesion, as the example of Manuel's cousin Andronicus shows. Under Manuel it was degree of kinship to the emperor which determined one's rank, as synodal listings show. So it was that very quickly after Manuel's death the upper tier of the aristocracy splintered into separate groups, each with its own identity and interests.

Literature
The various aristocratic courts, that of the emperor and other key members of the extended family, most notably the sebastokrator Isaac Comnenus the elder and the sebastokratorissa Irene, widow of Manuel's brother Andronicus, attracted literati who would seek to serve under them. Such figures would not only turn their hands to literature, encomia in prose or poetry, expositions on mythology, commentaries on Homer or the philosophers, historical chronicles and even, in this period, romances - the twelfth century is a high point of literary production at Constantinople, so much so that some have even talked of a "Comnenian renaissance" - but they would seek to perform more menial, such as administrative, duties to support themselves. Such men would often come from noble families whose prestige had been eclipsed by the Comnenian upper tier of the aristocracy. Serving under a lord was one way of advancing oneself, entering the Church was another.

The patriarchal church and education
The deacons of the church of St Sophia were a powerful group, the chartophylax being second only to the patriarch. These deacons would either go on to become bishops in the provinces, or possibly first hold one of the professorial chairs associated with the patriarchal church. First there were the "teachers", didaskaloi of the Gospels, Epistles and Psalter. Then there was the maistor ton rhetoron, "master of the rhetors", responsible for delivering speeches in praise of the emperor on January 6 each year and of the patriarch on the Saturday prior to Palm Sunday, as well as for other state occasions. And there was the hypatos ton philosophon, "consul of the philosophers", an office which had lapsed but was revived under Manuel.

Character and Legacy
Was Byzantium of the middle to late twelfth century living on borrowed time? Until recently this was the verdict of many scholars. Yet John II and Manuel had, if there is any kernel of truth in their encomia, at least temporarily reversed the overrunning of Anatolia by the Turks, and Manuel had won Dalmatia and Sirmium from Hungary. But Byzantine collapse was rapid, which is the reason why scholars have searched in the reigns of John and Manuel for the beginnings of the disintegration that occurred under the last Comneni and the Angeli. The history and comments of Nicetas Choniates have been adduced as vindicating this view. The victory of the military aristocracy that the establishment of the Comnenian dynasty represents has been seen as both the reason for the temporary reversal of Byzantine fortunes - government by three very capable autocrats - and of ultimate failure, because of the splintering into factions that oligarchy, such as was present in the Comnenian system, foments. A Marxist interpretation is that the feudalisation of the Byzantine Empire, the depletion of the free peasantry, that began to take place in the middle period was the reason for its ultimate failure. But to the Byzantines at the time Byzantium seemed to be holding its own; the "nations" around were being kept at bay, and even though the panegyric of renovation is less evident than in the reign of John II, the emperor remains despotes, "master" of the oikoumene, "world". Indeed, Manuel would be remembered in France, Genoa and the Crusader States as the most powerful sovereign in the world.

We have mentioned the funeral oration for Manuel by Eustathius of Thessalonica. This contains a series of vignettes of the personal aspects of Manuel. There are commonplaces: the emperor is able to endure hunger, thirst, heat and cold, lack of sleep and so on, and sweats copiously in his endeavours on the empire's part. Although these ideas have been recycled from earlier reigns, notably that of John II, the contemporary historians agree that Manuel was an indefatigable and daring warrior. However, there are more specifically individual touches in the Eustathian oration. Manuel had a manly suntan and was tall in stature. The emperor was capable of clever talk, but could also talk to others on a man-to-man basis. Eustathius makes much of the emperor's book-learning (Cinnamus claims to have discussed Aristotle with the emperor). The restoration of churches was a major concern for Manuel. He also had some expertise in medicine (he had tended Conrad III of Germany and Baldwin III of Jerusalem personally). Manuel showed temperance in eating and drinking, with a certain liking for beer as well as wine, the latter being mixed sour after the manner of ascetics. Likewise, he would not slumber long. He would generally choose walking over riding. The oration closes on the widow and orphan Manuel has left behind. The situation resulting for the Byzantine Empire at this stage, with the vacuum created by Manuel would result in no less than implosion.

Copyright (C) 2003, Andrew Stone.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Manuel1ComAR_Sear2601.jpg
[1685a] Empire of Trebizond: Manuel I Komnenos Megas (1218-1263 AD)313 viewsEmpire of Trebizond: Manuel I, Komnenos, Silver Asper, Sear-2601, struck 1238-1263, 2.9 grams, 21.9 mm. Nice VF; Obverse: St. Eugenius standing facing, holding a long cross; Reverse: Manuel standing facing, holding labarum and akakia, Manus Dei in upper right field. Nicely centered with technically 'mint state' surfaces, but a touch of strike unevenness and irregular toning. Ex Glenn Woods.

Manuel I Megas Komnenos (Greek: Μανουήλ Α΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Manouēl I Megas Komnēnos), (c. 1218 – March 1263), Emperor of Trebizond from 1238 to 1263, surnamed the "Great Captain", was the second son of Alexios I, the first emperor of Trebizond, and Theodora Axouchina. He succeeded his brother, John I Axouchos. In spite of his alleged military abilities, Trebizond became or remained a vassal to the Seljuk Turks and, after the Battle of Köse Dag in 1243, to the Mongols of Persia. Trapezuntine forces served in the battle as Seljuk tributaries. The Seljuk forces were shattered in the defeat and the Sultanate of Iconium began to decline.

In 1253, Manuel negotiated for a dynastic alliance with King Louis IX of France, by which he hoped to secure the help of the Crusaders against the Seljuks and Laskarids of Nicaea, but Louis advised him to seek a wife from the Latin Empire of Constantinople. Jean de Joinville testifies to Manuel's wealth, saying he sent Louis: "various precious things as a gift; amongst others, bows made of the wood of the service tree, whose arrow-notches screwed into the bow, and when they were released, one saw that they were very sharp and well made."

The destruction of Baghdad by Hulagu Khan in 1258 revived the trade route running north from Armenia and the upper Euphrates valley to Erzerum and then through the Zigana Pass to Trebizond. This trade route caused the beginnings of Trebizond's commercial prosperity, because goods from the Silk Road were now transported to Trebizond and the Black Sea, instead of to the Mediterranean. Although some bronze coins have been attributed to Alexios I, and silver aspers were certainly coined by John I, Manuel struck both bronze coins and a large silver currency. Trapezuntine coins circulated widely outside the empire, especially in Georgia.

Manuel rebuilt the Hagia Sophia monastery in Trebizond between 1250 and 1260. Eastmond describes Manuel's church as 'the finest surviving Byzantine imperial monument of its period.' When Michael VIII Palaiologos recaptured Constantinople from the Latin Empire in 1261 he unsuccessfully demanded that Manuel abandon his claim to the Byzantine succession.

Manuel married three times and left several children, four of whom reigned after him. By his first wife, Anna Xylaloe, a Trapezuntine noblewoman he had:
• Andronikos II, who succeeded as emperor.

By his second wife, the Iberian princess Rusudan, he had:
• Theodora

By his third wife, Irene Syrikaina, another Trapezuntine noblewoman, he had four children:
• George
• Anonymous daughter, who married King Demetre II of Georgia
• Anonymous daughter
• John II.

The Empire of Trebizond (Greek: Βασίλειον τής Τραπεζούντας) was a Byzantine Greek successor state of the Byzantine Empire founded in 1204 as a result of the capture of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade. Queen Tamar of Georgia provided troops to her nephew Alexios I, who conquered the Pontic Greek city of Trebizond, Sinope and Paphlagonia. It is often known as "the last Greek Empire."

Foundation
When Constantinople fell in the Fourth Crusade in 1204 to the Western European and Venetian Crusaders, the Empire of Trebizond was one of the three smaller Greek states that emerged from the wreckage, along with the Empire of Nicaea and the Despotate of Epirus. Alexios, a grandson of Byzantine emperor Andronikos I Komnenos, son of Rusudan daughter of George III of Georgia, made Trebizond his capital and asserted a claim to be the legitimate successor of the Byzantine Empire.

The Byzantine Emperor Andronikos I had been deposed and killed in 1185. His son Manuel was blinded and may have died of his injuries. The sources agree that Rusudan, the wife of Manuel and the mother of Alexios and David, fled Constantinople with her children, to escape persecution by Isaac II Angelos, Andronikos' successor. It is unclear whether Rusudan fled to Georgia or to the southern coast of the Black Sea where the Komnenos family had its origins. There is some evidence that the Comnenian heirs had set up a semi-independent state centred on Trebizond before 1204.

The rulers of Trebizond called themselves Grand Komnenos (Megas Komnenos) and at first claimed the traditional Byzantine title of "Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans." After reaching an agreement with the Byzantine Empire in 1282, the official title of the ruler of Trebizond was changed to "Emperor and Autocrat of the entire East, of the Iberians and the Transmarine Provinces" and remained such until the empire's end in 1461. The state is sometimes called The Komnenian Empire because the ruling dynasty descended from Alexios I Komnenos.

Trebizond initially controlled a contiguous area on the southern Black Sea coast between Soterioupolis and Sinope, comprising the modern Turkish provinces of Sinop, Ordu, Giresun, Trabzon, Bayburt, Gümüşhane, Rise and Artvin. In the thirteenth century, the empire controlled Perateia which included Cherson and Kerch on the Crimean peninsula. David Komnenos expanded rapidly to the west, occupying first Sinope, then Paphlagonia and Heraclea Pontica until his territory bordered the Empire of Nicaea founded by Theodore I Laskaris. The territories west of Sinope were lost to the Empire of Nicaea by 1206. Sinope itself fell to the Seljuks in 1214.

Prosperity
While Epirus effectively disintegrated in the 14th century, and the Nicaean Empire succeeded in retaking Constantinople and extinguishing the feeble Latin Empire, only to be conquered in 1453 by the Ottoman Empire, Trebizond managed to outlive its competitors in Epirus and Nicaea.

Trebizond was in continual conflict with the Sultanate of Iconium and later with the Ottoman Turks, as well as Byzantium, the Italian republics, and especially the Genoese. It was an empire more in title than in fact, surviving by playing its rivals against each other, and offering the daughters of its rulers for marriage with generous dowries, especially with the Turkmen rulers of interior Anatolia.

The destruction of Baghdad by Hulagu Khan in 1258 made Trebizond the western terminus of the Silk Road. The city grew to tremendous wealth on the Silk Road trade under the protection of the Mongols. Marco Polo returned to Europe by way of Trebizond in 1295. Under the rule of Alexios III (1349–1390) the city was one of the world's leading trade centres and was renowned for its great wealth and artistic accomplishment.

Climax and Civil War
The small Empire of Trebizond had been most successful in asserting itself at its very start, under the leadership of Alexios I (1204–1222) and especially his younger brother David Komnenos, who died in battle in 1214. Alexios' second son Manuel I (1238–1263) had preserved internal security and acquired the reputation of a great commander, but the empire was already losing outlying provinces to the Turkmen, and found itself forced to pay tribute to the Seljuks of Rum and then to the Mongols of Persia, a sign of things to come. The troubled reign of John II (1280–1297) included a reconciliation with the Byzantine Empire and the end of Trapezuntine claims to Constantinople. Trebizond reached its greatest wealth and influence during the long reign of Alexios II (1297–1330). Trebizond suffered a period of repeated imperial depositions and assassinations from the end of Alexios' reign until the first years of Alexios III, ending in 1355. The empire never fully recovered its internal cohesion, commercial supremacy or territory.

Decline and Fall
Manuel III (1390–1417), who succeeded his father Alexios III as emperor, allied himself with Timur, and benefited from Timur's defeat of the Ottoman Turks at the Battle of Ankara in 1402. His son Alexios IV (1417–1429) married two of his daughters to Jihan Shah, khan of the Kara Koyunlu, and to Ali Beg, khan of the Ak Koyunlu; while his eldest daughter Maria became the third wife of the Byzantine Emperor John VIII Palaiologos. Pero Tafur, who visited the city in 1437, reported that Trebizond had less than 4,000 troops.

John IV (1429–1459) could not help but see his Empire would soon share the same fate as Constantinople. The Ottoman Sultan Murad II first attempted to take the capital by sea in 1442, but high surf made the landings difficult and the attempt was repulsed. While Mehmed II was away laying siege to Belgrade in 1456, the Ottoman governor of Amasya attacked Trebizond, and although defeated, took many prisoners and extracted a heavy tribute.

John IV prepared for the eventual assault by forging alliances. He gave his daughter to the son of his brother-in-law, Uzun Hasan, khan of the Ak Koyunlu, in return for his promise to defend Trebizond. He also secured promises of help from the Turkish emirs of Sinope and Karamania, and from the king and princes of Georgia.

After John's death in 1459, his brother David came to power and misused these alliances. David intrigued with various European powers for help against the Ottomans, speaking of wild schemes that included the conquest of Jerusalem. Mehmed II eventually heard of these intrigues, and was further provoked to action by David's demand that Mehmed remit the tribute imposed on his brother.

Mehmed's response came in the summer of 1461. He led a sizeable army from Brusa, first to Sinope whose emir quickly surrendered, then south across Armenia to neutralize Uzun Hasan. Having isolated Trebizond, Mehmed quickly swept down upon it before the inhabitants knew he was coming, and placed it under siege. The city held out for a month before the emperor David surrendered on August 15, 1461.

With the fall of Trebizond, the territory of "the Last Greek Empire" was extinguished.


List of Trapezuntine Emperors

• Alexios I Megas Komnenos (1204–1222)
• Andronikos I Gidos (1222–1235)
• John I Axouchos Megas Komnenos (1235–1238)
• Manuel I Megas Komnenos (1238–1263)
• Andronikos II Megas Komnenos (1263–1266)
• George Megas Komnenos (1266–1280)
• John II Megas Komnenos (1280–1284)
• Theodora Megale Komnene (1284–1285)
• John II Megas Komnenos (restored, 1285–1297)
• Alexios II Megas Komnenos (1297–1330)
• Andronikos III Megas Komnenos (1330–1332)
• Manuel II Megas Komnenos (1332)
• Basil Megas Komnenos (1332–1340)
• Irene Palaiologina (1340–1341)
• Anna Anachoutlou Megale Komnene (1341)
• Michael Megas Komnenos (1341)
• Anna Anachoutlou Megale Komnene (restored, 1341–1342)
• John III Megas Komnenos (1342–1344)
• Michael Megas Komnenos (restored, 1344–1349)
• Alexios III Megas Komnenos (1349–1390)
• Manuel III Megas Komnenos (1390–1416)
• Alexios IV Megas Komnenos (1416–1429)
• John IV Megas Komnenos (1429–1459)
• David Megas Komnenos (1459–1461)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manuel_I_of_Trebizond
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empire_of_Trebizond


Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
 
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