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Search results - "Lion"
Quadrante-1.jpg
22 viewsĆ Quadrans - Anonymous - c. 91 BC - Rome Mint
Obv.: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin, three pellets behind.
Rev.: Prow right, ROMA above, three pellets before.
Gs. 3,2 mm. 15,7
Craw. 339/4c, Sear RCV 1194

Maxentius
DenQSicinioCCoponiobis.jpg
21 viewsDenarius - 49 BC. - Mint in the East moving with Pompey.
Q. SICINIVS & C. COPONIVS - Gens Sicinia & gens Coponia
Obv.: Q. SICINIVS III. VIR, diademed head of Apollo right;
Rev.:C. COPONIVS. PR. S. C., club of Hercules with lion's skin, arrow & bow.
Gs. 3,6 mm. 17,8
Craw. 444/1b, Sear RCV 413.



Maxentius
cc50283b.jpg
119 viewsPOSTUMUS: Double sestertius,
21.62g.

MINT: COLOGNE

IMP. C. M. CASS. LAT. POSTVMVS P. F. AVG. radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEVSONIE[NSI] Hercules standing l. holding club and lionskin, within four-columned temple with three pellets in pediment.

Bastien-231 (7 spec.), C-99 (30 Fr.), RIC-134 (R2).
1 commentspostumus
cc50283a.jpg
113 viewsPOSTUMUS: Double sestertius,
21.62g.

MINT: COLOGNE

IMP. C. M. CASS. LAT. POSTVMVS P. F. AVG. radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEVSONIE[NSI] Hercules standing l. holding club and lionskin, within four-columned temple with three pellets in pediment.

Bastien-231 (7 spec.), C-99 (30 Fr.), RIC-134 (R2).
postumus
QuadranteAburioGemino.jpg
27 viewsAE Quadrans - 134 BC. - Mint of Rome
C. ABVRIVS GEMINVS - Gens Aburia
Obv.: Head of Hercules right in lionskin, three pellets behind
Rev.: Prow of galley right. C. ABVRI (AB & VR in monogram) / GEM. three pellets before, ROMA below.
Gs. 4,3 mm. 17,6
Craw. 244/3, Sear RCV 1150, Grueber 1002
Maxentius
PHILIP2-2.jpg
39 viewsPHILIP II - Provincial AE (Dupondius) - 248/249 AD - Viminacium
Obv.: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev.:P M S COL VIM. Moesia between bull and lion. In ex. ANVIIII
Gs. 6,3 mm. 22,5
Pick 120
Maxentius
DenMVolteio.jpg
83 viewsDenarius - 78 BC. Rome mint
M. VOLTEIVS M. f. - Gens Volteia
Obv.:Head of young Hercules right, wearing lion skin
Rev.: Erymathian Boar right, M VOLTEI M F in exergue.
Gs. 3,8 mm. 18,57
Crawf. 385/2, Sear RCV 313, Grueber 3158

Maxentius
Cherronesoshemidrachm1.jpg
44 viewsThracian Chersonese, Cherronesos AR Hemidrachm. 400-350 BC. Forepart of lion right, head turned back / quadripartite incuse with crested helmet, pellet and 'A' and 'E' monograms in parallel incuse squares.CANTANATRIX
coin633.jpg
26 viewsIt is a copper lion of Mary Queen of Scots.
It is also known as a "hardhead", they were issued
1555-1560. It contains about 10% silver. they
were valued at three halfpence Scots, and were
equal in value to the french denier. The coin carries
the monogram FM, which appeared on her coinage
after her husband, the Dauphin, became Francis II
of France, on 10th July 1559. Francis died in 1560,
so this was issued within that period. Coin #633

cars100
coin630.jpg
24 viewsLooks to me like a *very* beat-up Macedonian Alex III
'standard' type - Alexander in lion-skin headdress on
obverse, bow-case and club on reverse with some
inscription (often ALEXANDROY) in between them.
This might be the 1/2-size of the typical 5-7gm
20mm piece. Coin #630
cars100
ProbusLionAnt.jpg
47 views1 commentsmarandnumiz
Philip_1_Lion_Ruby_A.jpg
69 viewsPHILIP I, AD 244-249, AR Antoninianus minted at Rome,
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG Radiate, cuirassed and draped bust right of Philip I
Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG Lion walking right I in exergue. 22.5mm. RIC 12; C. 173.
Ex Superior Ruby Part 2 Sale, June 17 through 22, 1974, lot 1045.
Ex. Dr. Charles L. Ruby Collection
Ex. Dr. Paul Rynearson

Note: The Ruby collection was purchase in 1971 by Superior Galleries for $1,000,000 and sold in three auctions. This coin was sold in auction two of the three auctions. This coin is pictured in the catalog and sold for $65.00.
paul1888
Mysia_Kyzikos_edited.jpg
64 viewsMYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 525-475 BC. AR Diobol (0.63 gm; 12 x 10 mm). Forepart of boar left; tunny fish to right / Head of roaring lion left within incuse square. Von Fritze Group II, 9, pl. V, 10-11; SNG France 361-87.1 commentspaul1888
alexander_the_great.jpg
109 viewsAR drachm (4.26 gm), Lampsacus, ca. 310/9 - 309/8 BC.
Obverse: Head of young Heracles right in lion skin headdress.
Reverse: Zeus entroned left, holding eagle and sceptor, race torch under throne.
Ex:Freeman and Sear Mail Bid Sale 13, lot 696
6 commentspaul1888
chersonesos_hemidrachm_.jpg
73 viewsTHRACE, Black Sea Area. Chersonesos. Circa 460 BC. AR Hemidrachm (2.25 gm; 12 mm).
Forepart of lion right, head reverted / Quadripartite incuse square; pellet and Rooster monograms in opposite quadrants. Cf. BMC Thrace pg. 185, 42; Cf. SNG Cop. 824ff. Rare variety with Rooster on reverse
4 commentspaul1888
ABM_Postumus.jpg
81 viewsPostumus, Principal Mint, sestertius, 260

IMP C M CASS LAT POST[...],Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
SALVS AVG, Salus standing right, feeding snake held in arms
Weight 15.49g

A very rare early issue with Postumus' full name given on the obverse - normally this only occurs on radiate double-sestertii. This is struck from the same obverse die as a gold medallion in Paris with a SALVS PROVINCIARVM reverse.
Adrianus
philip_I_Pick_100.jpg
53 viewsPHILIP I
Sestertius, Viminacium, Moesia.
26.9 mm, 15.8 grams

OBV. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
REV. PMS C-OL VIM, Moesia standing facing, arms outstretched over a bull and a lion.
Year AN VII in exergue.
Pick 100; Martin 2'09'1.
ziggy9
Samos_didrachm.jpg
110 viewsIslands off Ionia, Samos. Circa 310-300 BC. AR Didrachm (6.24 gm, 19mm). Asklepiades. Obv.: lion’s mask facing. Rev.: ΣΑ / [Α]ΣΚΛΗΠΙΑΔ[ΗΣ] Forepart of an ox to right, with a dotted truncation and an olive branch to right. Barron p. 214, 2 b (this coin). Ex:Münzen und Medaillen AG, Basel - fixed price list 169 (1957), lot 183 commentspaul1888
Miletos_Diobol.jpg
25 viewsIONIA. MILETOS. DIOBOL (6TH-5TH CENTURIES BC).


Obv: Forepart of lion left.
Rev: Stellate pattern within incuse square.

SNG Kayhan 476-82.

Condition: Extremely fine.

Weight: 1.18 g.
Diameter: 9 mm.
paul1888
13019_81_1.jpg
18 viewsTripura, Amara Manikya, Tanka, 10.61g, Sk 1499, citing Queen Amaravati, similar to previous lot, but standard type 'k', small pellet in front of lion, and Śake divided by lion's front foot (RB. 161; KM. 90)SpongeBob
Tripura_RB-136.jpg
17 viewsTripura, Udaya Manikya, Tanka, 11.16g, Sk 1489, citing Queen Hira, as previous lot, but border of arches on the obverse points right rather than left, no bead in front of lion, none of the date behind lion's back leg; reverse legend arranged slightly differently: Śri Śri Yutoda/ya Manikya/ Deva Śri Hi/ra Maha Devyau (RB. 136; KM. 79)SpongeBob
Cherronesos_Hemidrachm.jpg
23 viewsCherronesos Hemidrachm
480-350 BCE

Obverse: Forepart of lion right, head turned
Reverse: Quadripartite incuse square with alternating raised and sunken quarters; partial E and dolphin pellet in opposite sunken quarters

BMC 31
SNG Copenhagen 829
Weber 2413
SNG Leake 1704
2 commentsShea B
Trajan_Denarius.jpg
32 viewsTrajan. 98-117AD. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 2.97g). Rome mint. Struck January 101 AD to December 102 AD. IMP CAESAR NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, laureate head right. / P M TR P · COS · IIII P P, Hercules standing facing on low base, holding club in right hand and lion skin over left arm. RIC II, pg 247, #49. Good VF, attractive blue iridescent toning toning around the devices. NICE EYE APPEAL !!

Ex. Auktion Numismatica Wendt KG, Wien 12 (1976), 256; Ex. Münzen & Medaillen GmbH (DE) 13, #642. Oct. 9, 2003.
1 commentspaul1888
Price-1151.jpg
32 viewsTHRACE, Odessos. Circa 280-225 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 16.44 g, 11h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedonia. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, monogram above civic monogram. Topalov, Odesos 23; Price 1151; HGC 3.2, 1584. Quant.Geek
gaul.jpg
30 viewsC. 200-49 BC

Obverse: Bust of Artemis right, monogram before.

Reverse: Lion walking right, MAΣΣA above.

Grey tone with a nice portrait and good metal. – Old collection ticket included.

Ref: SNG Cop 786

Weight: 2.54g

17mm
3 commentspaul1888
rjb_car_69_10_05.jpg
6956 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "LEG IIII FL"
Lion walking right, head turned to viewer
-/-//-
Unmerked London mint
RIC 69
mauseus
herenniuset.jpg
Herennius Etruscus, Viminacium, 250-251 CE.14 viewsHerennius Etruacus as Caesar.
Obverse: Q H ETR MES DEC CAES, laureate and cuirassed head right.
Reverse: P M S C OL VIM, Moesia standing with hands over bull and lion.
ANXII in ex. Year 12
24.5 mm., 9.5 g.
NORMAN K
tregalvim.jpg
Trebonianus Gallus, Viminacium AE2427 viewsMoesia Superior, Viminacium, Trebonianus Gallus. 251-253 CE.
Obverse: IMP C GALLVS P FELIX AVG, laureate and draped bust right.
Reverse: PMS COL VIM, city goddess standing left hands over bull and lion.
AN XIII in ex. Year 13=252 CE., 24 mm., 8.6 g.
AMNG 165
NORMAN K
Gordian_III_Viminacium.jpg
1 Gordian III28 viewsGordian III
AE24, Dupondius, Viminacium

O: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right

R: PMS C-O-L VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side. AN III in exergue.

AMNG 82, Martin 1'29'1.
Sosius
rjb_car_dated_11_06.jpg
189bis43 viewsCarausius 287-93
Antoninianus
Obv"IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "PM TRP III CO[S PP]"
Lion walking left
Camulodunum mint?
-/-//XXI [?]
RIC - (189 bis)
Mint attribution made on the basis of the other (few) known dated coins. It may be that the mark on this coin is a variation of the MCXXI mark, recorded on a SAECVLARES AVG (lion walking right) coin of Carausius in the Vogelaar collection.
mauseus
Philip_I_Moushmov_36.jpg
2 Philip I21 viewsPhilip I Ć28 of Viminacium, Moesia Superior. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate draped bust right / P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing holding her hands over bull and lion, AN VII in ex.

Moushmov 36
Sosius
Philip_I_RIC_12.jpg
2 Philip I14 viewsPhilip I
AR Antoninianus. 4.08g

IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / SAECVLARES AVGG, lion walking right, I in ex.

RIC 12, RSC 173.
Sosius
Philip_I_Moushmov_36_no_2.jpg
2 Philip I19 viewsPhilip I Ć28 of Viminacium, Moesia Superior. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate draped bust right / P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing holding her hands over bull and lion, AN VII in ex.

Moushmov 36
Sosius
49091q00.jpg
24 Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior 23 viewsBronze AE 28, Varbanov I 827, aVF, corrosion, 12.826g, 27.3mm, 180o, Markianopolis mint, obverse AV K L CEPT CEVHPOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse U FL OULPIANOV MARKIANOPOLITWN, Cybele enthroned left, phiale in right, resting left elbow on drum, two lions at feet

Purchased from FORVM
Sosius
Caracalla_RIC_283b~0.jpg
25 Caracalla35 viewsCARACALLA
AR Antoninianus, Rome, 216 AD, 4.72g

ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, radiate and draped bust right / PM TRP XVIIII COS IIII PP, radiate lion with thunderbolt left

RIC 283b, C 368. VF
Ex-Harlan J. Berk
1 commentsSosius
Her_Etruscilla_Vimin.jpg
3.1 Herennia Etruscilla15 viewsHerennia Etruscilla
AE Sestertius, Viminacium
250/251 AD

O: HER ETRVSCILLA AVG, draped bust right, in staphane

R: PMS COL VIM, female figure (Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull & lion, AN XII in ex.

BMC 32, Moushmov 48
Sosius
Treb_Gall_Vimin.jpg
4 Trebonianus Gallus19 viewsTrebonianus Gallus
AE 25 of Viminacium

O: IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS AV, laureate draped bust right

R: P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing between lion & bull, AN XIII (year AD 251/252) in ex.

Moushmov 56
Sosius
Hostilian_Vim_Moushmov_54.jpg
4.5 Hostilian19 viewsHostillian, as Caesar
AE27 of Viminacium, Moesia Superior
251 AD

O: C VAL HOST M QUINTVS CAE, bare-headed, draped & cuirassed bust right

R: PMS COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, hands outstretched over a bull and a lion at her sides. AN XII in ex.

Viminacium
Moushmov 54
Sosius
Volusian_Vimin.jpg
4.75 Volusian17 viewsVolusian AE 25mm of Viminacium. IMP C VOLVSIANVS AVG, laureate bust right, slight drapery / P M S COL VIM, draped female figure of Moesia standing facing, hands outstretched over bull and lion; AN XII in ex

Moushmov 60
Sosius
rjb_car_449bis_04_06.jpg
449bis38 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "ERCVLI PACIFERO"
Hercules standing left holding club and lions scalp
Unattributed mint
S/P//
RIC - (449 bis)
mauseus
Aemilian_Vimin.jpg
5 Aemilian18 viewsAemilian AE26 of Viminacium, Moesia Superior. IMP C M AEMIL AEMILIANVS AV, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right / P M S COL VIM, Goddess standing, bull and lion at sides, AN XIV in exergue. SGI 4402. Moushmov 61
Sosius
rjb_car_tetus_06_06.jpg
591cf57 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Antoninianus
Obv: "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: "TETVS AVG"
Lion springing left
London mint (?)
-/-//RSR
RIC - (cf 591)
Overstruck on a Victorinus antoninianus, reverse VIRTVS AVG
1 commentsmauseus
Leo_RIC_X_666.jpg
91 Leo RIC X 666-6798 viewsLEO I
AE4, Cyzicus Mint
457-474 AD

O: DN LEO P F AVG, , pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust bust right

R: Lion crouching left, head turned right, within wreath.

RIC X 678. Sear (2014) 21462. F/aVF
Sosius
20110425-205933.jpg
Bohemond III, Majority, (1163-1201 CE) Billion denier55 viewsObverse: +BOAMVNDVS Helmeted head l., mail compsoed of crescents, star r., crescent l.
Reverse: +AMTIOCNIA cross pattee with crescent pointing downwards in second angle.
Mint: Antioch
Date: 1163-1201 CE
.98 gm 17mm
Malloy 214.65
wileyc
T1118LG.jpg
C POBLICIUS Q F. 80 BC91 viewsHelmeted bust of Roma right / Hercules strangling the Nemean lion; bow and quiver at left; club below. Cr. 380/1.

POBLICIA, a plebian family, but of consular rank. Its cognomen on coins is Malleolus. There are fifteen varieties, all of silver, on some of which a small hammer or mallett is engraved, evidently alluding to the surname Malleolus.

The first of Heracles' twelve labours, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin) was to slay the Nemean lion.

According to one version of the myth, the Nemean lion took women as hostages to its lair in a cave near Nemea, luring warriors from nearby towns to save the damsel in distress. After entering the cave, the warrior would see the woman (usually feigning injury) and rush to her side. Once he was close, the woman would turn into a lion and kill the warrior, devouring his remains and giving the bones to Hades.

Heracles wandered the area until he came to the town of Cleonae. There he met a boy who said that if Heracles slew the Nemean lion and returned alive within 30 days, the town would sacrifice a lion to Zeus; but if he did not return within 30 days or he died, the boy would sacrifice himself to Zeus.[3] Another version claims that he met Molorchos, a shepherd who had lost his son to the lion, saying that if he came back within 30 days, a ram would be sacrificed to Zeus. If he did not return within 30 days, it would be sacrificed to the dead Heracles as a mourning offering.

While searching for the lion, Heracles fetched some arrows to use against it, not knowing that its golden fur was impenetrable; when he found and shot the lion and firing at it with his bow, he discovered the fur's protective property when the arrow bounced harmlessly off the creature's thigh. After some time, Heracles made the lion return to his cave. The cave had two entrances, one of which Heracles blocked; he then entered the other. In those dark and close quarters, Heracles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. Others say that he shot arrows at it, eventually shooting it in the unarmoured mouth.

After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. He then tried sharpening the knife with a stone and even tried with the stone itself. Finally, Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told Heracles to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.

When he returned on the thirtieth day carrying the carcass of the lion on his shoulders, King Eurystheus was amazed and terrified. Eurystheus forbade him ever again to enter the city; in future he was to display the fruits of his labours outside the city gates. Eurystheus warned him that the tasks set for him would become increasingly difficult. He then sent Heracles off to complete his next quest, which was to destroy the Lernaean hydra.

The Nemean lion's coat was impervious to the elements and all but the most powerful weapons. Others say that Heracles' armour was, in fact, the hide of the lion of Cithaeron.
ecoli
LION.jpg
Celtic imitation of Thrace. Odessos. AE 19mm.56 viewsCeltic imitation of Thrace. Odessos.
Late 3rd century BC.
Obv. Laureate head of Zeus right
Rev. Horseman riding right, OΔΗΣΙΤΩΝ ,
1 commentsLee S
Postumus_RIC_Lyons_67.jpg
Gallic 1 Postumus22 viewsPOSTUMUS
AR Antoninianus, Lyons Mint
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, RDC bust r. / HERC PACIFERO, Hercules st. l., holding olive branch, club and lion's skin
RIC V-II Lyons 67; Sear 10946
Sosius
Gordian_Deultum_2.jpg
Gordian III - Deultum28 viewsAE Tetrasarion?
238-244 AD
laureate and draped bust right from behind
IMP GORDIAN_VS PIVS FEL (AV)G
Heracles? in tetrastyle temple facing, holding lion skin and club
COL F_L P_AC__DEV / LT
SNG Bulgaria 1338, Jurukova 264
7,1g
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
alexanderIIIobol2.jpg
Kingdom of Macedon, Alexander the Great, 336-323 BC, AR obol.19 viewsKingdom of Macedon, Alexander the Great, 336-323 BC, AR obol.
Struck c. 336-323 BC, Head of Hecrules right, wearing
lion skin, knotted at base of neck. / Zeus, nude to waist, seated
left on ornate throne, holding eagle and scepter within dotted circle.
CANTANATRIX
Macedonian_Kingdom,_Alexander_III_The_Great,_AR_teradrachm_Amphipolis_Mint~0.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Alexander III the Great, 336-323 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Amphipolis Mint under Antipater91 viewsHead of Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress.
AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; janiform head vase in left field. Graffiti in upper left field - Aramaic kaph (k) and sadhe (s).

Price 6; Troxell, Studies, Issue A3; SNG Cop 660; Muller 853.
Struck at Amphipolis in the period 332-329 BC.

(29 mm, 17.15 g, 2h)

This is one of the first emissions of Alexander’s coinage struck in his homeland, albeit about three years after he departed for Asia Minor. Recent scholarship places the start of Alexander’s distinctive coinage in 333/2 BC at Tarsos, in eastern Asia Minor, shortly after which the design was transferred to Macedonia where Alexander’s coinage was struck under the authority of his regent in Greece, Antipater. Die studies indicate that this coin was from the fourth tetradrachm emission of a mint in Macedonia, most probably Amphipolis. It was most probably struck in the period 332-329 BC. The Aramaic graffiti on the reverse, plus the obverse reverse rim test cut are pointers to the likelihood that this coin travelled beyond its location of issue in Macedonia, into the eastern Mediterranean where Aramaic was the main spoken language.
3 commentsn.igma
19700.jpg
Kroisos, Lydia22 viewsLydian Kingdom. Kroisos. Ca. 564/53-550/39 B.C. AR 1/12 stater (7 mm, 0.80 g). Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion, on left, and bull, in right / Incuse square punch. Berk 26-7; SNG Kayhan 1020-1; Traité I 413. VF, toned.ecoli
a_046.JPG
Lysimachos 38 viewsLysimachos
Drachm Colophon 301-297 b.c

Obverse:Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
Reverse:ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΛΥΣΙΜΑΧΟΥ;Zeus on throne holding eagle; forepart of lion and torch at left field, pentagram under throne

17.31mm 4.10gm

Price L26 ; Thompson 126
maik
greek9.jpg
Macedon,Alexander III. AR tetradrachm35 viewsprice 1679 / Themnos mint /188-170BC
obv: head of Herakles r. wearing lion-skin
rev: Zeus Aetophoros seated l. M l. in field. monograms
above oinoche withen vine tendril,eagle and sceptre
1 commentshill132
ao.jpg
Macedonia, Alexander III The Great Tetradrachm, c. 325-320 BC184 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 17.190g

Obv: Bust of Alexander as Herakles r., wearing lion-skin headdress.

Rx: Zeus seated l. on throne; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ in exergue, AΛEΧANΔΡOY in r. field; wreath in l. field, ΔΙ beneath throne

References: Price-2949

Mint: Side

ex Harlan J. Berk
7 commentsDino
greek3.jpg
Macedonia, Alexander III, Ar drachm30 viewsPrice 1382 / 310-301 BC
obv: Head of young Heraclea r. wearing lion-skin headdress
rev: ALEXANDROU Zues enthrond l. holding eagle and scepter forpart of
Pegasus l. monogram NO below throne
hill132
ADM_II_series_VIII-124.jpg
Macedonian Kingdom: Philip III Arrhidaios (323-317 BCE) AR Drachm, Abydus (ADM II series VIII, 124-5)23 viewsObv: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
Rev: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ; Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on backless throne; right leg drawn back, feet on stool, eagle in right hand, scepter in left; branch upward in left field, horse leg left below throne
Dim: 17mm, 4.27 gm, 5h
Quant.Geek
sb1964_clipped_18mm_165gjpg.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196416 viewsObverse: The Virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphrium, she holds nimbate head of the infant Christ facing; to l. MP to r. Theta V.
Reverse: MANUHA AECIIOTHC or similar, Manuel stg. facing wearing crown, divitision and chlamys and holding labarum (one dots= on shaft) and globus surmounted by patriarchal cross.
Mint: Constantinople Third metropolitan coinage Variation B
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1964 DO 15.5-10
18mm 1.65 gm
wileyc
sear1966clipped.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196666 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.


During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Antvwala
wileyc
maximianusegypt~1.jpg
Maximianus, Roman Provincial Egypt 15 viewsMaximianus Billion tetradrachm 285-310 CE.
Obverse: MAXIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed head right.
Reverse: Nike flying left, wreath in right hand, palm over shoulder jn left.
S/L (YEAR 6) left, star right. Alexandria mint.
20.6 mm., 7.5 g., Alexandria 2577
NORMAN K
coins_009.JPG
Otacilia Severa AE29 of Viminacium, Moesia Superior. 55 views15.38 grams.
25 mm.
Otacilia Severa AE29 of Viminacium, Moesia Superior. MARC OTACILIA SEVERA AVG, diademed draped bust right / P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing between bull & lion, AN XI in ex. Viminacium
Moushmov 39
Antonio Protti
rjb_palmyra1_08_06.jpg
Palmyra30 viewsAE 15 mm
ΠAΛMVPA
Veiled, turreted bust of city goddess right
Lion leaping right, crescent above
BMC 7
mauseus
philipimoesiac1.jpg
Philip I, Viminaciun, Moesia Superior, 244-249 CE.18 viewshilip I AE30 Sestertius
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: PMS COL VIM, Moesia standing left, between bull to the left and lion to the right.
ANVI in ex.
AMNG 102, 30 mm, 18.4 g.
NORMAN K
moes.jpg
Philip I, Viminacium Moushmov 36, VIII, 20 viewsObverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped bust right.
Reverse: PMS COL VIM, Moesia standing between bull and lion. ANVIII in ex. = year 8.
28.7mm., 16.9 g.
Viminacium Moushmov 36,VIII
NORMAN K
philipI1s.jpg
Philip II, Alexandria, Billion Tetredrachm20 viewsRoman Empire, Philip II, 247-249
Billion.-Tetradrachm year 5 = 247, Egypt, city of Alexandria.
Obverse: AKM IOV FILIPPOC EVC, bust right
Reverse:. Homonoia with double cornucopia, LE in left field=year 5.
24mm, 13.2 g., Datt. 5057, BMC 16.267.2059
sold 1-2018

Billion is an alloy of precious metal, mostly silver, with a mixture or base metal such as copper. Many Roman coins from the 2nd and 3rd century are made of billion because of debasements of the denarius and the tetradrachm.
NORMAN K
coin344.JPG
Philipp I, Viminacium, Moesia superior17 viewsPhilipp I Arabs AD 244-249
obv. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. PMS C - OL VIM
Moesia, draped, standing l., holding hands above bull l. and lion r.
in ex. AN VIII
AMNG I, 140; SNG München 180-5

ecoli
greek8.jpg
Sardes,Lydia Ae 1512 viewsBMC Lydia p.248,85 / 117-192AD
obv: dia.drp.bust of Zeus Lydios r.
obv: young Herakles std. front head l. resting r.
on club. lion skin on l. arm
hill132
greek7.jpg
Thermai Himerensis,Sicily. AE 1617 viewsGross 2311 / SNG ANS 190 / 407-406 BC
obv: bust of Hera r. wearing stephane drp.r.
rev: bust of Herakles r. with lion-skin headdress
hill132
gallo1s.jpg
Trebonianus Gallus, 250-251 CE25 viewsObverse: IMP C VIBIO TREBON GALLO AVG, LAUREATE, DRAPED & CUIRASSED BUST RIGHT.
OBVERSE: PMS COL VIM, Moesis standing facing, head left holding hands over a bull and lion.
ANXII in ex. Year 250-251 26 mm diam., 9.5 g
NORMAN K
GermePseudo.JPG
#Mysia, Germe, Conventus of Cyzicus. Pseudo-autonomous AE20 33 viewsBetween 138 and 192 AD.
Obverse: ΙΕΡΑ Σ ΥΝΚΗ[ΤΟΣ], draped bust of the Senate (youthful), r.
Reverse: [ΓΕΡ]Μ ΗΝΩΝ, Nude Heracles standing, facing, head, l., resting arm on club, holding lion-skin
BMC 16 S80,6(1); Lindgren III, Addendum A 726A
ancientone
8479.jpg
40 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 4.11 g, 12 h)
Cybele riding right on lion, holding transverse scepter
Attis standing right, wearing Phrygian cap, holding long scepter and ears of grain
Rostowzew 3213, pl. X, 14 var. (no legend); München 631 var. (same); BM 1356-9 var. (same)
1 commentsArdatirion
00006x00~2.jpg
14 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 5.35 g, 12h)
Draped bust of Hercules left, wearing lion's skin and holding club over shoulder, with hair and beard in Antonine-Severan style
The Dioscuri standing facing one another, each holding spear and bridle of horse
Rostovtsev 2085; Rostovtsev & Prou 377

Rostovtsev suggests that the obverse may depict Caracalla. This interpretation is somewhat plausible, but unlikely, considering the additional object on the obverse, and the bare head of the figure.
Ardatirion
00014x00~0.jpg
41 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.37 g, 3 h)
Lion leaping right; S above, RV below
Dolpin right; S above, RV below
Rostowzew 604, fig. 47 var. (arrangement of letters)


Although it initially appears to be struck, close examination reveals that this piece was cast, with insufficient metal filling the mold.
2 commentsArdatirion
00004x00~8.jpg
16 viewsROME
PB Tessera (13mm, 2.40 g)
Lion advancing right
MAL
Rostovtsew 613

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
lion1.jpg
20 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.99 g)
Lion advancing right
Blank
Cf. Gülbay & Kireç 92 (lion in different stance) corr. (not a seahorse)
1 commentsArdatirion
griffin1.JPG
26 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (17mm, 4.37 g)
Lion standing right with paw on column; cornucopia over shoulder; ЄP to left
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -
1 commentsArdatirion
hermit.JPG
35 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (16mm, 4.22 g, 2 h)
Hermit crab right; wheat ear below
Lion advancing right
Gülbay & Kireç 40 var. (figure on reverse – same obverse die)

My special thanks to BCD for withholding his bid and allowing me to acquire this piece.
1 commentsArdatirion
00001x00~4.jpg
60 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (28.5mm, 10.36 g, 6 h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1837.
Laureate head of Liberty right; above, E. PLURIBUS UNUM on ribbon; thirteen stars around; 1837
MILLIONS FOR DEFENCE. Within wreath: NOT/ ONE/ CENT/ -/ FOR TRIBUTE
Rulau HT 48; Low 28
Ardatirion
889790.jpg
31 viewsMOESIA SUPERIOR, Viminacium. Philip I. AD 244-249
Ć (28mm, 19.58 g, 12h).
Dated CY 5 (AD 243/4)
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side; AN V in exergue
AMNG I 100; SNG Hungary 285
Ardatirion
00037x00.jpg
46 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. Political issues
CU Cent Token (28mm, 8.11 g, 5 h)
Dies by William Eaves for the Scoville Co. of Waterbury, Connecticut.
Dually dated 1827 and 1835. Struck 1837.
MERCHANT EXCHANGE WALL ST N. YORK, facade of bank, BUILT 1827/ BURNT 1835
MILLIONS FOR DEFENCE, NOT/ ONE/ CENT/ FOR TRIBUTE within wreath
Rulau HT 293; Low -
1 commentsArdatirion
2900057.jpg
88 viewsTHESSALY, The Oitaioi. Circa 167-146 BC.
AR Hemidrachm (15mm, 2.30 g, 1h)
Herakleia Trachinia mint
Lion’s head left, spear in its jaws
OITAI downward to right, ΩN downward to left, Herakles standing facing, holding club in both hands
Valassiadis 9; BCD Thessaly II 494 (same obverse die)

Ex BCD Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 290), lot 57; Peus 384 (2 November 2005), lot 199; Vinchon (20 May 1959), lot 483; M. Ratto 11 (16 May 1935), lot 239; R. Ratto (4 April 1927), lot 1023; Naville-Ars Classica V (18 June 1923), lot 1764
2 commentsArdatirion
postume-dsesterce-herc-pacifero.JPG
Bastien 277 Postumus: double sestertius (Herc Pacifero)14 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Herc Pacifero (264-265/6, mint II)

Bronze, 15.52 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 11h

A/ IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC-PACIFERO; Hercules, standing left, holding olive branch, club and lion’s skin
Droger
louis8-9-denier-tournois.JPG
Dy.187 Louis VIII (the Lion) or IX (Saint Louis): denier tournois19 viewsLouis VIII, king of France (1223-1226) or Louis IX, king of France (1226-1270)
Denier tournois (1223-1250)

Billon, 0.81 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 4h30
O: +LVDOVICVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS CIVI; châtel tournois

The question of the attribution of this denier to Louis VIII or to the first part of Louis IX's reign is difficult. Indeed, Louis VIII only ruled for 3 years and both the father and the son have the same name...
Droger
louis8-9-denier-tournois2.JPG
Dy.188 Louis VIII (the Lion) or IX (Saint Louis): denier tournois21 viewsLouis VIII, king of France (1223-1226) or Louis IX, king of France (1226-1270)
Denier tournois (1223-1250)

Billon, 0.70 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 11h
O: +LVDOVICVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONIS CIVI; châtel tournois

Just a slightly modified legend (TVRONIS instead of TVRONVS) with respect to the previous denier.
Droger
postume-herc-devsoniensi~0.JPG
RIC.64 Postumus: antoninianus (Herc Devsoniensi)9 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Herc Devsoniensi (1st emission, 3rd phase, 261, Trčves)

Billon (200 ‰), 2.40 g, diameter 23 mm, die axis 1h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEVSONIENSI; Hercules standing right, leaning on club, holding bow and lion's skin

EG.15
Droger
postume-herc-pacifero.JPG
RIC.67 Postumus: antoninianus (Herc Pacifero)44 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Herc Pacifero (2ond emission, 2ond phase, 262, Trčves)

Billon (200 ‰), 3.37 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 7h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC-PA-CIFERO; Hercules, standing left, holding olive branch, club and lion’s skin

Curious Postumus' big nose.

EG.27
2 commentsDroger
postume-herc-devsoniensi.JPG
RIC.66 Postumus: antoninianus (Herc Devsoniensi)10 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Felicitas Avg (3rd emission, 1st phase, 263-265, Trčves)

Billon (150 ‰), 4.09 g, diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 7 h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEV-SONIENSI; Hercules standing left in temple of four columns, leaning on club and holding lion's skin


EG.40
Droger
richard-denier-poitou.JPG
Richard I: denier (Poitou)17 viewsRichard I (Richard the Lionheart): king of England (1189-1199) and count of Poitiers (1169-1196 and 1198-1199)
Denier (1169-1199, Poitou)

Billon, 1.01 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 11h
O/ +RICARDVS REX; cross pattée
R/ (ringlet)/PIC/TAVIE/NSIS

Pictaviensis means "from Poitou"
Droger
faustina_jr_kybele_alexand_b.jpg
(0145) FAUSTINA II43 viewsAE drachm 32 x 30.5 mm; 18.52 g
Dated year 20 = AD 156-157.
O: [FAVCTINA CEBACTH], draped bust right
R: L-K, Kybele seated left between two seated lions, holding patera and resting arm on drum.
Egypt, Alexandria; Milne 2330; Emmett 1992.
(from Dave Surber collection)
d.s.

laney
marcus_aurel_herc_res.jpg
(0161) MARCUS AURELIUS21 views161 - 180 AD
AE 17.5 mm, 3.02 g
O: Bust right
R: Herakles standing, holding club and lionskin
laney
COMMODUS_HERC.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS37 views177 - 192 AD
AE 24 mm 10.71 g
O: Commodus as Hercules, in lion skin headdress
R: HER-CVL/RO-MAN/AV-VG/S-C in 4 lines with Club in center, within laurel wreath
Rome; RIC III 644
laney
commodus_kybele_hadri_rev.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--HADRIANOPOLIS46 views177 - 192 AD
(under governor of Thrace Julius Castus)
AE 28 mm; 16.62 g
O: AY KAI Λ AYPH KOMOΔOC draped bust right
R: Cybele riding lion running right
Thrace, Hadrianopolis
Jurukova, Hadrianopolis 124 (V 75/R 124), citing specimens in Munich and Paris
d.s.

laney
JULIA_DOMNA_LION.jpg
(0193) JULIA DOMNA31 views(wife of Septimius Severus; mother of emperors Geta and Caracalla)
d. 217 AD
AE 16 mm 2.39 g
O: DRASPED BUST R
R: LION WALKING RIGHT
NICOPOLIS AD ISTRUM
MOESIA INFERIOR
laney
domna_herak_diosynop_a.jpg
(0193) JULIA DOMNA (Dionysopolis)21 views193 - 217 AD
AE 18.5 mm; 3.95 g
O: Laureate, draped bust right
R: Herakles standing facing, head right, resting on club and holding lionskin over arm, B in lower right field.
Moesia Inferior, Dionysopolis mint
Varbanov 470; Moushmov 92
laney
sept_kybele_res.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS38 views193 - 211 AD
AE 25 mm 9.27 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind
R: Cybele (Kybele) enthroned left, phiale in right hand, resting left elbow on drum, lions at feet
Markianopolis mint
laney
septimius_kybele_anchia.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS37 views193 - 211 AD
AE 21 mm; 7.22 g
O: AY K L C - C - EYHPOC head of Septimius Severus right
R: AGXIA – LEWN Cybele seated left, holding patera and resting elbow on small drum; at her sides, lions standing left.
Thrace, Anchialus.
ref. SNG Copenhagen 437; AMNG 496. Rare
d.s.
laney
septim_philippop_herakles.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS18 views193 - 211 AD
AE 28 mm; 14.51 g
O: AYT K Λ CEΠTI CEYHPOC ΠEP Laureate head right.
R: HΓE CT[A BAPBAPOY] ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEITΩN Herakles standing right, holding lion's skin and resting on club.
cf Varbanov 1167 var.
laney
septim_kybele_mark.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS43 viewsAE27 mm; 10.4 g
AVK L CEP CECHPOC, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: VP FL OVLPIANOV MARKIANOPOLITWN, Cybele, kalathos on head, holding patera in right hand, resting left elbow on drum and seated left on throne with two uprights, lions beside her to left and right
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; AMNG 565
d.s.
laney
septimius_lion_b.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS20 views193 - 211 AD
AE 16 X 19.5 mm; 3.38 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Lion advancing right
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
laney
septimius_herakles_lion.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS12 views193 - 211 AD
AD Assarion 21 mm, 4.14 g
O: Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
R: Herakles strangling the Nemean lion
Markianopolis, cf Moushmov 397
laney
septim_nik_herak_patera_club_skin.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS15 views193-211 AD
AE 19 mm, 3.19 g
O: AVK - [CEVHROC] Laureate head right
R:NIKOPOL - I PROC ICT Herakles, standing facing with head left holding club and lion-skin in left arm and patera in outstretched right hand
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum; ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1388 (1 ex., Paris); Varbanov (engl.) 2297; Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. 8.14.14.23
Rare type with Herakles holding patera
laney
septimius_kybele_anchial.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS13 views 193-211 AD
AE 20 mm, 5.50 g
O: Laureate head right.
R: Cybele seated left on base, resting elbow upon tympanum; lion to left and right.
Thrace, Anchialus
laney
herakles_septimius_nemean.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS13 views193-211 AD
AE 20 mm, 5.16 g
O:Laureate head right
R: Herakles standing right, strangling the Nemean lion.
Thrace, Anchialus; cf Mouchmov 2838.
laney
septimius_kybele_markianop.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS13 views193-211 AD
AE 26 mm max., 9.16 g
O: AVK L CEP CECHPOC, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: VP FL OVLPIANOV MARKIANOPOLITWN, Cybele, kalathos on head, holding patera in right hand, resting left elbow on drum and seated left on throne with two uprights, lions beside her to left and right
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; AMNG 565
laney
cybele_septimius_markian.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS15 views193-211 AD
AE 21 mm max., 4.75 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Kybele (Cybele) mounted on lion
MOESIA INFERIOR, Markianopolis
laney
septim_lion_nik.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS11 views193-211 AD
AE 17.6 mm, 2.73 g
O: AV KAI CE - CEVHROC Laureate head right
R: NIKOPOLIT PR - OC ICT Lion walking right
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1405 (1 ex., Wien)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2388
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.53.14
laney
lion_unk_res.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS (possibly)25 views193 - 211 A.D.
AE 10 mm, 1.72 g
O: laureate bust right;
R: lion walking righT
Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior
laney
carac_pan_panther_hadrianop.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA43 views198 - 217 AD
AE 27 mm; 13.08 g
O: Caracalla, Laureate Head R
R: Pan standingg facing right, holding pedum in right hand and lionskin over left shoulder, left foot on panther
Thrace, Hadrianopolis cf Vabanov 3567; Rare
d.s.
laney
caracalla_topiros_herak.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA34 views198 - 217 AD
struck 211 - 217 AD
AE 23.5 mm; 9.35 g
O: AVT K M AV ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right monogram on shoulder
R:OVΛΠIAC TOΠIPOV, naked figure of Herakles seated left on rock covered with lion's skin, holding club in extended right hand, resting left hand on rock
Thrace, Topiros (Topirus); cf BMC 6; Moushmov 4979
laney
caracalla_kybele_serdica_a.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA21 views198 - 217 AD
AE 28 mm, 11.55 g
O: Laureate & cuirassed bust right
R: Cybele, holding drum & sceptre, riding on lion running right
Thrace, Serdica
Hristova and Jekov Serdica 12.18.31.2; Varbanov 2242
d.s.
laney
cara_pan~0.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA / PAN and PANTHER93 views Caracalla/Pan and Panther
198 - 217 AD
AE 26mm 10.81g
O: AVT K M AVR CEV ANTWNE[INOC]
Caracalla, Laureate Head R
R: ADRIANO[POLEITWN]
Pan stg facing L, hldg pedum in R hand and lionskin over L shoulder, L foot on panther
Hadrianopolis
Varbanov 3567; Jurukova 2, 320 Rare
1 commentslaney
caracalla_pan_br.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA--PAN/PANTHER57 views Caracalla/Pan and Panther
Caracalla/Pan and Panther
198 - 217 AD
AE 26mm 10.81g
O: AVT K M AVR CEV ANTWNE[INOC]
Caracalla, Laureate Head R
R: ADRIANO[POLEITWN]
Pan stg facing L, hldg pedum in R hand and lionskin over L shoulder, L foot on panther
Hadrianopolis
Jurokova S. 170 Rare
laney
geta_lion.jpg
(0198) GETA28 views198 - 212 AD
AE 18 mm; 3.40 g
O: Π ΣΕΠΤ ΓΕΤΑΣ Draped cuirassed bust right
R: ΑΓΞΙΑ-ΛΕΩΝ Lion walking right
Thrace, Anchialos mint; Varbanov, GIC II 456 v.
laney
geta_lion~0.jpg
(0198) GETA as Caesar11 viewsGeta, as Caesar: 198-209 AD
AE 19 mm, 3.36 g
O: Youthful, draped bust right.
R: Lion walking right.
Thrace, Pautalia; cf Varbanov 5391 var. (reverse inverted legend)

laney
diadum_syria.jpg
(0217) DIADUMENIAN as Caesar39 views217 - 218 AD
AR tetradrachm 24.5 mm max; 11.92 g
O: AVT K M OPEL ANTONEINOC Radiate draped bust of Diadumenian right
R: DMARX CZVPATOC eagle facing, wings spread, head right, lion walking between legs;
Cyrrhestica, Syria; cf Prieur 947; Bellinger 108. Rare
d.s.
laney
elagab_markianop_lion.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS24 views218 - 222 AD
AE 17.5 mm; 2.14 g
O: AVT KM AVP ANTWNEINOC Laureate head right
R: MARKIANOPOLI/ TWN Lion standing left
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis mint
Ref: (all apparently from the same dies as this coin)
Pfeiffer, Münzen aus Markianopolis, 2nd ed., Kaarst 2013, 443.
AMNG 915: Paris, rev. ill. pl. XX.1; Hristova-Jekov, Marcianopolis, 2006, p. 149, ill. 6; Lanz 82, 1997, lot 546
d.s.

laney
tyre_stags_pygmal_b.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS--Tyre21 views218 – 222 AD
AE 28mm, 9.73g
O: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: Nude male figure (probably representing King Pygmalion of Tyre=Pu'mayatton, 831-785 BC) advancing left, chlamys over extended right arm, holding transverse spear and shield(?) in raised left hand ; behind him at right, 4 stags leaping right; star above; murex shell below
Phoenicia, Tyre (Tyros);
ref. Rouvier VII, p.80, 2388; BMC Phoenicia p.277, 408; Babelon ("Les Perses Achemenides")
2244; Mionnet V, 657; not in SNG Copenghagen, SNG UK, SNG Deutschland, SNG
Righetti, Lindgren; Rare
(thank you to Jochen for details)
laney
gordian_bery_copy.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III34 views238-244 AD
Struck 241-244 AD
Ć 28 X 30 mm, 16.11 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
R: Tetrastyle temple of Astarte, half-length bust of Astarte facing, flanked by standards within; lion walking right below.
PHOENICIA, Berytus
Sawaya 2177 (D382/R830); BMC 228-9; SNG Copenhagen 123
laney
gord_serap_confr.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III13 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27.5 mm, 10.22 g
O: Confronted draped busts of Gordian III and Serapis
R: Herakles standing facing, nude, holding club, lion's skin and Apples of the Hesperides. T/W in right field; E in left field.
Moesia, Markianopolis; cf Pick 1151; Varbanov 1987
laney
tranquillina_smyrna_res.jpg
(0241) TRANQUILLINA29 views(wife of Gordian III)
241 - 244 AD
AE Diassarion 22 mm 4.69 g
O: FOURI TRANKUILLEINA C, draped bust right
R: CMURNAIWN G NEWKORWN, Herakles, naked, standing left, holding kantharos, club, and lion-skin over arm
Ionia, Smyrna
SNG Cop 1401-1403; BMC 447-450.
laney
otacil_kybele_Magnesia_ad_Sipylumx.jpg
(0244) OTACILIA SEVERA22 views(wife of Philip I)
244 - 249 AD--Magistrate Ainius
AE 24 mm, 6.30 g
O: M WTA CEBHRA C, draped bust right, wearing stephane.
R: EP AINIOY MAGNH CIPYL, Kybele, turreted, seated left,
holding patera and resting arm on drum, lion standing left at her side.
Lydia, Magnesia ad Sipylum
SNG Cop 270; BMC 86; SNG Munich 290
laney
philip_vimin.jpg
(0244) PHILIP I13 views244 - 249 AD
Struck 246 AD
AE 28 mm, 18.53 g
O: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate head right
R: P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing between bull and lion; ANVII in exergue (year 7)
Viminacium, Moesia Superior; Varbanov 136.
laney
phil_1_vimin_res.jpg
(0244) PHILIP I (THE ARAB)20 views244-249 AD
Struck 246 AD
AE 29.5 mm
O: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG radiate bust right
R: PMS COL VIM, ANVII in exe (year 7) Moesia standing left between bull and lion
Moesia Superior, Viminacium Mint
laney
phil_2_moes.jpg
(0247) PHILIP II24 views247-248 AD
AE Dupondius 22 mm 5.32 g
O: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG radiate bust right, from behind
R: P M S COL VIM, ANVIIII in exe (year 9) Moesia standing half left with bull and lion at feet
Moesia Superior, Viminacium Mint; c.f. SNG/H.366 AMNG. 1/121 Varbonov159 (R3)
laney
traj_dec_vim_a.jpg
(0249) TRAJAN DECIUS32 views249-251 AD
Struck year 12
Ć 26 mm 8.68 g
O:Laureate and cuirassed bust right
R:Moesia standing facing, head left, between bull and lion; AN XII in exergue.
Moesia Superior, Viminacium Moushmov 44
laney
traj_dec_vim_b.jpg
(0249) TRAJAN DECIUS15 views249 - 251 AD
AE 24.5 mm; 11.90 g
Obv: IMP TRAIANVS DECIVS AV. Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: P M S COL VIM / AN XII. Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet to either side
MOESIA SUPERIOR, Viminacium
laney
herennius.jpg
(0250) HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS24 views250 - 251 AD
AE As 25.5 MM 10.85 G
O: Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB
LAUR DR BUST R
R: PMS COL VIM
MOESIA STANDING BETWEEN BULL AND LION
ANVII IN EXE
VIMINACIUM, MOESIA SUPERIOR
laney
hostilian.jpg
(0250) HOSTILIAN35 views250 - 251 AD
(Struck 251 AD)
AE 27 mm 13.20 g
O: C VAL HOST M QVINTVS CAE
BARE HEADED, DR CUIR BUST R
R: PMS COL VIM
MOESIA STANDING FACING BETWEEN BULL AND LION
ANXIII IN EXE (YEAR 12)
MOESIA SUPERIOR, VIMINACIUM
VARBANOV 194, PICK 148
(ex G. Boersema)
laney
hostilian_vim_b.jpg
(0250) HOSTILIAN16 views250 - 251 AD
struck 251 AD
AE 25.5 mm, 11.50 g
O: C VAL HOST M QVINTVS CAE, bareheaded, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: P M S COL VIM Moesia standing facing, head left, with hands outstretched; to left, bull standing facing right; to right, lion standing facing left; AN XII in exergue (mostly off flan).
Moesia Superior, Viminacium
laney
Hostilian~0.jpg
(0250) HOSTILIAN22 views250 - 251 AD
(Struck 251 AD)
AE 27 mm 13.20 g
O: C VAL HOST M QVINTVS CAE
BARE HEADED, DR CUIR BUST R
R: PMS COL VIM
MOESIA STANDING FACING BETWEEN BULL AND LION
ANXIII IN EXE (YEAR 12)
MOESIA SUPERIOR, VIMINACIUM
VARBANOV 194, PICK 148
laney
TREBONIANUS_GALLUS.jpg
(0251) TREBONIANUS GALLUS42 views251 - 253 AD
(struck YEAR 5 = 250-251 AD
AE 27 mm 9.62 g
O: IMP C VIBIO TREBON GALLO AVG
LAUR DR BUST R
R: PROVINCIA DACIA
DACIA STANDING BETWEEN EAGLE & LION, HOLDING BRANCH & PARAZONIUM
ANV IN EXE
DACIA, MOESIA SUPERIOR
AMNG 1/1(50) K(27) RARE
laney
treb_gal__vim_b.jpg
(0251) TREBONIANUS GALLUS26 views251 - 253 AD
AE 26 mm 10.65 g
O: IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS AV, laureate draped bust right
R: P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing between lion & bull,
AN XIII in ex.
Moesia Superior, Viminacium; Mousmov 56, AMNG 165

laney
treb_vim_res.jpg
(0251) TREBONIANUS GALLUS26 views251-253 AD
Struck 251 - 252
AE 27 mm 13.12 g
O: IMP C C VIB TRIB GALLV AVG Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
R: P M S C-OL VIM AN XIII Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side
MOESIA SUPERIOR, Viminacium
AMNG 164 var. (obv. legend)
laney
diocletian_iov_et_herc_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN36 views284 - 305 AD
Struck 285 AD
AE Antoninianus 22 mm max., 2.88 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG - Jupiter standing right holding sceptre and globe, facing Hercules, standing left, with lionskin and club, and holding victory on globe; crescent over G in lower center, XXI in ex
Antioch mint


laney
Diocletian_Iovi_Et_Hercu_Cons_silv_ant.jpg
(0284) Diocletian / Iovi Hercu Conser51 viewsSilvered Ant. 22mm 3.45 g
284 - 305 AD
Obv: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Rad Dr Cuir Bust R
Rev: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG
Jupiter stg R hldg globe and scepter; Hercules stg L hldg Victory, club,& lionskin; crescent over H below
XXI in exe; Antioch RIC V 323
Nearly fully silvered
(J.Ryan)
laney
MAXIMIANUS_B.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS42 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
Struck 286 - 295 AD
AE SILVERED ANT. 22mm 2.66g
O: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
RAD CUIR BUST R
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVG
JUPITER R HOLDING GLOBE & SCEPTER FACING HERCULES HOLDING VICTORY ON GLOBE, CLUB, LIONSKIN CRESCENT/B BETWEEN
XII IN EXE
ANTIOCH
(J.Ryan)
laney
maximianus_iovi_B_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS23 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
Silvered AE Ant. 22 mm, 4.74 g
O: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG;radiate cuirassed bust right
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG Jupiter right holding globe and scepter, facing Hercules left, holding Victory on globe, club, and lionskin; crescent over B between; XXI in exe.
Antioch mint
laney
constantius_i_africa.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS50 views293 - 305 AD (As Caesar)
struck 297 - 298 AD
AE 28.5 mm, 6.96 g
O: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right
R: FELIX ADVENT AVGG NN, Africa standing left holding scepter and elephant tusk, lion over bull at feet on left, H in left field
PKT in exe
Carthage
laney
AmyntasIII.jpg
*Kings of Macedon. Amyntas III. 389-369 B.C. AE 14 mm38 viewsObv: Head of Herakles r., wearing lion-skin.
Rev: Eagle devouring serpent r.
SNG C 557.
ancientone
Thracian_Chersonese_Hemidrachm.jpg
*SOLD*48 viewsGreek Thracian – Chersonese/Cherronesos AR Hemidrachm

Attribution: SNG Cop 833
Date: 400-350 BC
Obverse: Forepart of lion w/ head reverted and gaping mouth
Reverse: Quadripartite incuse square; alternating depressions w/pentagram and pellet in one & pellet in other
Size: 12 mm
Weight: 2.5 grams
1 commentsNoah
Greek_Cherronesos.jpg
*SOLD*18 viewsGreek Thracian – Chersonese/Cherronesos AR Hemidrachm

Attribution: Weber 2419, 2434; McClean 4079, BMC 11
Date: 400-350 BC
Obverse: Forepart of lion w/ head reverted and gaping mouth
Reverse: Quadripartite incuse square, alternating depressions with pellet in one and
bunch of grapes in the other
Size: 14 mm
ex-Forvm
Noah
septsevAnchialus.jpg
*Thrace, Anchialus. Septimius Severus. 29 viewsAD 193-211. Ć 19mm. Laureate head right / Kybele seated left, resting elbow on drum; lions seated to either side of throne. AMNG II 496; SNG Copenhagen 437.1 commentsancientone
Lysimachia.jpg
-Chersonesus Thraciae, Lysimachia. AE24 Artemis29 viewsLysimachia, the Thracian Chersonese.
Obv: Bust of young Herakles wearing lion skin
Rev: (ΛΥΣΙΜΑ) - ΧΕΩΝ Artemis r., clad in short chiton, holding with both hands two long torches; behind shoulder, top of bow and quiver.
BMC 2. Mushmov 5512
ancientone
Diadumenian_AR-tet_11_3gr_mar2012_o-r_90%.JPG
0 - M - Diadumenian - AR - Silver Tetradrachm - Lion beneath Eagle39 views~
~~
~~~
Ancient Roman Empire
Diadumenian as Caesar, Coin Struck AD 218.
Son of Emperor Macrinus (8 April 217 AD – June 218 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Heirapolis.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Radiate bust of Diadumenian facing right. Draped and Cuirassed, Seen from Behind.
rev: Eagle standing facing, wings spread, holding wreath in beak. Lion walking right beneath.

Weight: 11.3 Grams
~~~~
*****~ HUGE PHOTO - CLICK PICTURE TO ENLARGE FULLY ~ *****
~~~
Reference: Prieur 947
I want to thank Mat and Potator for their help with the ID of this coin.
~~~
~~
~
6 commentsrexesq
Miletlionhead112.jpg
0. Miletus71 viewsMiletus
AR 1/12 stater
c. 500 BC (minted begining 550 and ending 494 when Miletus was destroyed by Persia)

obv. lion head facing right
Zam
0016.jpg
0016 - Denarius Cornelia 56 BC51 viewsObv/Head of Hercules r. in lion skin, SC and TAS in monogram behind, below winged paws.
Rev/Globe between jeweled wreath and three triumphal wreaths.

Ag, 19.9mm, 3.74g
Moneyer: Faustus Cornelius Sulla.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 426/4a [dies o/r: 33/37] - Syd. 882 - BMCRR 3912 - Cohen Cornelia 49 - Calicó 498 - RCV 385 - RSC Cornelia 61
ex-Kuenker, auction 124, lot 8390
1 commentsdafnis
67A1B669-753F-47E9-A0C8-DC11980C015C.jpeg
001b. Fulvia17 viewsThe Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Late summer-autumn 43 BC. AR Quinarius (13mm, 1.62 g, 12h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Winged bust of Victory right, with the likeness of Fulvia / Lion walking right; DVN[I] (retrograde and inverted) above, [LVGV] in exergue; [A] to left, X [L] to right (= 40, Antony’s age at time of issue). Crawford 489/5; Lyon 2; King 75; CRI 122; Sydenham 1160; Fulvia 4; RBW 1712. Fine, toned, banker’s mark on the reverse.

Ex Davissons 28 (17 December 2009), lot 73.
ecoli
Trajanus.jpg
002 - Trajan (98-117 AD), denarius - RIC 4961 viewsObv: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, laureate head right.
Rev: P M TR P COS IIII P P, Hercules, nude, standing facing on pedestal with club, apple and lion skin.
Minted in Rome 101-103 AD.
1 commentspierre_p77
1_Nero.jpg
002.Nero 54-68 AD31 viewsBillion Tetradrachm
Roman Egypt
Mint: Alexandria,Egypt; Date: 66/67 AD
Obv: ΝΕΡΩ ΚΛΑΥ Κ(ΑΙΣ ΣΕΒ ΓΕΡ Ας)-Radiate bust of Nero facing left,wearing aegis on shoulder,
LΙΓ in lower left field.(Year 13=66-67 AD).
Rev: ΘΕΟΣ(ΣΕΒΑΣΘΟΣ)-Radiate head of Divus Augustus facing right.
Size: 24mm,12.7gms
Ref: Milne-251; BMCGr-112; Emmett-113
Ex.Keith Emmett Collection; Ex.Wayne Phillips, Jan 1993; Ex.Beast Coins
5 commentsBrian L
Byzag.jpg
003 - John I Tzimisces (969-976 AD), Millaresion - Sear 179241 viewsObv: +IhSyS XRISTyS NICA*, Cross crosslet on globus above two steps. at centre, circular medallion containing facing bust of John with short beard, wearing crown and loros and dividing the inscription I/W - A/N. Triple border ornamented with eight equally spaced glbules.
Rev: IWANN / EN XW AVTO / CRAT´EVESb´/ bASILEVS / RWMAIW´in five lines, -:- above and beneath, triple bordet as on obv.
1 commentspierre_p77
0010-010np_noir.jpg
0030 - Republic, Didrachm198 viewsRome mint c. 269-266 BC
No legend, Diademed head of young Hercules right, with club and lion's skin over shoulder
ROMANO, She wolf right, suckling Romulus and Remus
7.29 gr
Ref : RCV # 24, RSC # 8
6 commentsPotator II
0043~0.jpg
0043 - Denarius Plaetoria 67 BC28 viewsObv/ Head of Cybele r.; behind, forepart of lion; before, globe; behind CESTIANVS downwards; before, SC downwards. Bead and reel border.
Rev/ M PLAETORIVS AED CVR EX SC; curule chair; control mark on l. Bead and reel border.

Ag, 19.0 mm, 3.82 g
Moneyer: M. Plaetorius Cestianus
Mint: Rome
RRC 409/2 [dies o/r: (49)/54] - BMCRR Rome 3574
ex-DNW, auction june 2007, lot 351
dafnis
NeroDECVRSIOSestertiusRome.JPG
005. Nero 54-68AD. AE Sestertius, Rome mint, 63AD. DECVRSIO. 38.6mm200 viewsObv. Laureate ead right, wearing aegis NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P
Rev. Nero on horseback prancing right, wearing cuirass, short tunic, and billowing cloak, spear in right hand, to right soldier moving right. carrying vexillum; to leftin shallow relief, soldier running right DECVRSIO in ex
BMCRE 155; Cohen 94, RIC I 176 var (obv legend)
38.6mm, 180o, 63 A.D. Rome mint.
This sestertius was an early emission from the Rome Mint, which resumed striking bronze after about 10 years of inactivity. The talented engraver, perhaps with extra time for this initial project, produced one of the best dies in the entire imperial bronze series. The special style, complemented by superior execution, has similarities to later medallions.


The fine expressive portrait has higher relief than the more common Lugdunum issues.
The reverse uses the roundness of the flan and three geometric planes of relief to both present the scene in a format that draws the eye to the emperor and show movement that is lacking on almost all other Roman coins. The rare use of geometric planes was repeated on ADLOCVTIO sestertii of Galba five years later, perhaps the work of the same artist. Rome sestertii after 70 A.D. are of far less impressive style.


The lack of SC leaves the reverse fields uncluttered. SC stood for Senatus Consultum, "By Decree of the Senate" and signified the role of the Senate in the minting of brass and bronze coinage. Many sestertii of Caligula and some brass and bronze of Nero lack SC. Subsequent issues include SC again, until inflation produced the demise of the sestertius under Gallienus, c. 265 AD
5 commentsLordBest
0081.jpg
0081 - Denarius Septimius Severus 201-10 AC35 viewsObv/SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of Septimiusr.
Rev/INDULGENTIA AVGG, Dea Caelestis riding r. on a lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre; below, waters gushing from rock.

Ag, 18.3mm, 3.25g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IVa/266 [C] - BMCRE V/335
ex-A.L.Romero Martín
dafnis
Philip-I-RIC-012.jpg
01. Philip I.18 viewsAntoninianus, 248 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG / Radiate bust of Philip I.
Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG / Lion facing right. I in exergue.
4.60 gm., 23 mm.
RIC #12; Sear #8956.

During the reign of Philip I, the Empire celebrated the millennium of the founding of the City of Rome. The thousandth year of Rome was calculated as running from April 21, 247 to April 21, 248. During this year, celebrations were held throughout the empire, and in the city of Rome itself. Spectacular games were held for the people and a series of coins was issued depicting the animals which appeared in these games. Other reverse types looked back a 1000 years (wolf & twins) or ahead to the future (SAECVLVM NOVVM / temple) as Rome entered a "new age." The first 8 coins in this album are the coins issued for this occasion.
Callimachus
0130.jpg
0130 - Drachm Alexander III the Great 310-01 BC51 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated on backless throne l., holding eagle on outstretched r.h. and scepter in l.h.; under throne, monogram; before, Φ.

Ag, 18.0 mm, 4.15 g
Mint: Colophon.
Price 1828
ex-Numismatik Lanz, eBay jul 2011 - art. #300569784336
1 commentsdafnis
0139.jpg
0139 - AE Alexander III the Great 336-23 BC48 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ in middle, with goryte, bow and mallet at sides; bunch of grapes and circle on r.

AE, 19.1 mm, 6.33 g
Mint: Macedonia uncertain.
Price -- - Drama 103
ex-CGB, auction 49, lot 155
dafnis
0146.jpg
0146 - Drachm Alexander III the Great 295-75 BC49 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ Zeus Aëtophoros seated on backless throne l., holding eagle on outstretched r.h. and scepter in l.h.; before, MI in monogram; behind, (Α)ΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟ(Υ).

Ag, 19.0 mm, 4.28 g
Mint: Miletus.
Price 2151
ex-CNG, auction e260, lot 234
dafnis
faustina2sestertius.JPG
015. Faustina II AE Sestertius110 viewsAE Sestertius. Rome mint.

Obv. Draped bust right FAVSTINA AVGVSTA

Rev. Cybele seated right, lion at her side MATRI MAGNAE.

RIC1663. aEF/gVF
2 commentsLordBest
0161.jpg
0161 - 1/2 AE Alexander III the Great 336-23 BC42 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, eagle on thunderbolt r., head turned; above, crescent.

AE, 17.1 mm, 3.59 g
Mint: Amphipolis.
Price 91b
ex-Numismatik Lanz, eBay jan 2012 - art. #230732403614
dafnis
0176.jpg
0176 - Drachm Alexander III the Great 328-23 BC29 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ Zeus Aëtophoros seated on backless throne l., holding eagle on outstretched r.h. and scepter in l.h.; before, Demeter with two torches; behind, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ; under throne, monogram with circle, line and triangle.

Ag, 17.5 mm, 4.32 g
Mint: Lampsacus.
Price 1356
ex-Gitbud & Naumann, auction Pecunem 12, lot 119
dafnis
02-Tarsus.jpg
02. Persian Empire: Province of Cilicia: City of Tarsos.63 viewsDouble shekel, ca. 351 BC.
Obverse: Baal of Tarsos seated, holding eagle, ear of wheat, bunch of grapes, and sceptre.
Reverse: Lion attacking bull.
10.51 gm., 24 mm.
S. #5650; series V in Myriandros Katisson (E.T. Newell).
2 commentsCallimachus
KnidosARdrachm.jpg
020a, CARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm.65 viewsCARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm - 16mm (6.06 g). Obverse: forepart of roaring lion right; Reverse: archaic head of Aphrodite right, hair bound with taenia. Cahn 80 (V38/R53); SNG Helsinki 132 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 232 (same dies). Toned, near VF, good metal. Ex Barry P. Murphy.

While this coin falls within the time frame that numismatists call "Classical" Greek coinage, I have chosen to place it in both the "Archaic" (coin 020a) and "Classical" Greek sections of my collection. This specimen is one of those wonderful examples of transition--it incorporates many elements of the "Archaic" era, although it is struck during the "Classical" Greek period and anticipates characteristics of the later period.

As noted art historian Patricia Lawrence has pointed out, "[this specimen portrays] A noble-headed lion, a lovely Late Archaic Aphrodite, and [is made from]. . . beautiful metal." The Archaic Aphrodite is reminiscent of certain portraits of Arethusa found on tetradrachms produced in Syracuse in the first decade of the 5th century BC.

Knidos was a city of high antiquity and as a Hellenic city probably of Lacedaemonian colonization. Along with Halicarnassus (present day Bodrum, Turkey) and Kos, and the Rhodian cities of Lindos, Kamiros and Ialyssos it formed the Dorian Hexapolis, which held its confederate assemblies on the Triopian headland, and there celebrated games in honour of Apollo, Poseidon and the nymphs.

The city was at first governed by an oligarchic senate, composed of sixty members, and presided over by a magistrate; but, though it is proved by inscriptions that the old names continued to a very late period, the constitution underwent a popular transformation. The situation of the city was favourable for commerce, and the Knidians acquired considerable wealth, and were able to colonize the island of Lipara, and founded a city on Corcyra Nigra in the Adriatic. They ultimately submitted to Cyrus, and from the battle of Eurymedon to the latter part of the Peloponnesian War they were subject to Athens.

In their expansion into the region, the Romans easily obtained the allegiance of Knidians, and rewarded them for help given against Antiochus by leaving them the freedom of their city.

During the Byzantine period there must still have been a considerable population: for the ruins contain a large number of buildings belonging to the Byzantine style, and Christian sepulchres are common in the neighbourhood.

Eudoxus, the astronomer, Ctesias, the writer on Persian history, and Sostratus, the builder of the celebrated Pharos at Alexandria, are the most remarkable of the Knidians mentioned in history.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cnidus

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Troas,_Ilion,_020_Vespasian,_AE-,_Vespasian,_Titus,_Domitian_,_Athena,_RPC_II_893,_Bellinger_T197,_69-79_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_19,5-21mm,_8,25g-s.jpg
020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), Troas, Ilion, RPC II 0893, AE-21, Confronted, laureate and draped busts of Titus right and Domitian left #188 views020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), Troas, Ilion, RPC II 0893, AE-21, Confronted, laureate and draped busts of Titus right and Domitian left #1
avers: (AYTOK K CEBAC) OYECPACIANOC, Laureate head of Vespasian right
reverse: TITω KAICAP I ΔOMITIANΩ KA IΛI, Confronted, laureate and draped busts of Titus right and Domitian left. Between them, cult image of Athena, standing on a low base, turned half left, brandishing spear and resting a hand on the shield.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 19,5-21,0mm, weight: 8,25g, axis: 0h,
mint: Troas, Ilion, date: 69-79 A.D.,
ref: RPC II 0893, Bellinger T197,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
II_Andras_U-163_C1-300_H-270_Q-001_10,2mm_0,31ga-s.jpg
021. H-270 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-270, CNH I.-300, U-163, AR-Obulus, #0181 views021. H-270 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-270, CNH I.-300, U-163, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Crowned head facing, between two swords, line border.
reverse: Star between two lions standing with their back to each other, looking backwards, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,2 mm, weight: 0,31g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-270, CNH I.-300, Unger-163,
Q-001
quadrans
0210_RICIV_1_207.jpg
0210 - Denarius Septimius Severus 207 AC25 viewsObv/ SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of S.Severus r.
Rev/ PM TR P XV COS III PP, Africa standing r. with elephant skin, holding tunica with l.h.; lion advancing r. at her feet.

Ag, 19.1 mm, 2.82 g
Mint: Roma
RIC IV.I/207 – BMCRE V/531
ex-Solidus Numismatik, auction e7, lot 264
1 commentsdafnis
0215_Pr2562.jpg
0215 - Drachm Alexander III the Great 328-23 BC17 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ Zeus Aëtophoros seated on backless throne l., holding eagle on outstretched r.h. and scepter in l.h.; behind, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, club on field r.; under throne, monogram with circle, lines and dot.

Ag, 15.9 mm, 4.29 g
Mint: Sardes.
Price 2562
ex-vAuctions (Triskeles), auction 320, lot 75
dafnis
Bela-IV_(1235-1270_AD)_U-246_C1-344_H-336_Q-001_9h_11mm_0,34g-s.jpg
022. H-336 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-336, CNH I.-344, U-246, AR-Denarius, #01146 views022. H-336 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-336, CNH I.-344, U-246, AR-Denarius, #01
avers: The Patriarchal cross between two towers; crowned head facing above, line border.
reverse: Crowned, winged lion standing left, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 11mm, weight: 0,34g, axis: 9h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-336, CNH I.-344, Unger-246, ,
Q-001
quadrans
Bela-IV_(1235-1270_AD)_U-247_C1-345_H-337_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
022. H-337 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-337, CNH I.-345, U-247, AR-Obulus, #0182 views022. H-337 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-337, CNH I.-345, U-247, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: The Patriarchal cross between two towers; crowned head facing above, line border.
reverse: Crowned, winged lion standing left, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-337, CNH I.-345, Unger-247,
Q-001
quadrans
0225_CAST_EnrII_Cy1313.jpg
0225 - 1 real Enrique II 1369-79 AC6 viewsObv/ Crowned monogram, around in two lines DOMINVS : MICHI : AIDVTOR : EDEGO : DIS + / PICIAM : INIMICOS : MEOS
Rev/ Castles and lions divided by cross, around roses and S below; around ENRICVS : DEI : GRACIA : REX : CASTEL +

Ag, 26.9 mm, 3.46 g
Mint: Sevilla
AB406 - Cy 98/1247 - Cy/1313
ex-Cayón, speed auction 55, lot 9131
dafnis
0226_HISP_FerVI_Cy10345.jpg
0226 1 Real Fernando VI 1758 AC5 viewsObv/ Coat of arms, RI and crowned M on left, JB and dots on right. Around, FERDINANDUS - VI - D - G
Rev/ Castles and lions divided by cross, around HISPANIARUM REX 1758

Ag, 21.2 mm, 2.91 g
Mint: Madrid
Cy 98/9640 - Cy/10345
ex-Cayón, speed auction 55, lot 9613
dafnis
0227_CAST_EnrIV_Cy98_1493a.jpg
0227 - 1 Real Enrique IV 1454-74 AC5 viewsObv/ Bust of Henry IV l.; around, ENRICVS QARTVS DEI GRACIS REX C +, words separated by roses
Rev/ Castles and lions divided by cross; around, ENRICVS REX CASTELE ET LEGION +, words separated by roses; S below

Ag, 27.5 mm, 3.31 g
Mint: Sevilla
AB685 - Cy98/1493a
ex-Spink, The Numismatic Collector's Series, lot 741
dafnis
0238_HISP_FerVI_1_2_real.jpg
0238 - 1/2 Real Fernando VI (year ?)2 viewsObv/ Coat of arms, crowned M and JB to the sides, around, FERDINAND - VI - D - G
Rev/ Castles and lions divided by cross; around, (HISPA)NIARUM - REX - (illegible date)

Ag, 14.9 mm, 0.94 g
Mint: Madrid
Cy98/9460 to 9545
Gifted, early 1990's
dafnis
III_Andras-(1290-1301)_U-321_C1-363_H-413_001_Q-001_0h_11,5mm_0,44g-s.jpg
026. H-413 András III., (Andreas III.), King of Hungary, (1290-11301 A.D.), H-413, CNH I.-363, U-321, AR-Denarius, #0184 views026. H-413 András III., (Andreas III.), King of Hungary, (1290-11301 A.D.), H-413, CNH I.-363, U-321, AR-Denarius, #01
avers: King standing facing, holding sword and shield, patriarchal cross on the shield, a border of dots.
reverse: The lion of Saint Mark, a border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 11,5mm, weight: 0,44g, axis:0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár-413, CNH I.-363, Unger-321,
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletian_ant2.jpg
027 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 32333 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion´s skin.
Minted in Antioch (* and B in field, XXI in exe), second officina, 285 AD.
1 commentspierre_p77
Juliadomna_denar.jpg
027 - Julia Domna (c 170-217AD), denarius - RIC 56431 viewsObv: IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right.
Rev: MATER DEVM, Cybele seated left, holding branch and scepter, lion on either side.
Minted in Rome 196-211 under Septimius Severus.
pierre_p77
Traian_AE-4_Quadrans_IMP-CAES-TRAIAN-AVG-GERM_Boar_walking_right_S-C_RIC-702-C-341_BMC-1062_Rome-98-102-AD_Q-001_6h_14,5-15,5mm_g-s.jpg
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0702, Rome, AE-Quadrans, Boar walking right, S C in exergue, Scarce !, #176 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0702, Rome, AE-Quadrans, Boar walking right, S C in exergue, Scarce !, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-TRAIAN-AVG-GERM, Diademed bust of Hercules right with lion-skin on neck.
revers:- Boar walking right, S C in exergue.
exe: -/-//SC, diameter:14,5-15,5mm, weight: 2,91g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-II-702, BMC 1062, C-341, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletian_ant3.jpg
028 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 32328 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion´s skin.
Minted in Antioch (crescent delta in field, XXI in exe), fourth officina, 285 AD.
pierre_p77
Diocletian_ant7.jpg
029 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 32328 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion´s skin.
Minted in Antioch (delta in field, XXI. in exe), fourth officina, 293 AD.
pierre_p77
03-Alex-Babylon-P2619.jpg
03. Alexander the Great.131 viewsTetradrachm, ca 325 - 323 BC, "Babylon" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. M and a bee at left, monogram under throne.
17.12 gm., 26 mm.
P. #3619; M. #696.

Martin J. Price assigns this coin to the mint at "Babylon," but he says (p. 456 -57) it is possible that coins of "group two" may have been minted at Susa or Ecbatana.
3 commentsCallimachus
30_b.jpg
030b Hadrian. billion tetradrachm 13.6gm22 viewsobv: laur. bust r. drp. on l. shoulder-cresent
rev: Agathodaimon, coiled and stricking snake r. with caduceus and grain ear.
l-delta across field (date)
hill132
Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U--_C2-106_H-561_Pohl-097_LODOVICI_RVnGARIE_mOnETA-RVSSIE_Kopicki-3063(R5)-370-82_AD-Q-001_0h_18,2-19,7mm_1,03g-s.jpg
030b Provincial Coin Russia with Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Scherf, Pohl-097, #01 Very Rare!!!181 views030b Provincial Coin Russia with Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Scherf, Pohl-097, #01 Very Rare!!!
avers: ✠ LODVICI ° RVnGARIЄ °, Large "L" amongst circles in quatrefoil, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ mOnЄTA : RVSSIЄ : (SS are reverse), lion standing left in circle of dots; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 18,2-19,7mm, weight: 1,03g, axis: 0h,
mint: Hungary, Provincial Coin, Russia, date: 1370-1382 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger---, CNH-2-106, Huszár-561, Pohl-097, Kopicki-3063 (R5),
Q-001
quadrans
032_Albert_(1437-1439_AD),_AR-Den,_H-592,_C2-135B,_U-461_h_,_P-127-7,_m_ALBERTI_R_VnGARIE,_K-R_over_cross,_1440_AD,_Q-001,_1h,_14-14,5mm,_0,47g-s.jpg
033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.h., P-127-07, #0155 views033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.h., P-127-07, #01
avers: ✠ m•ALBЄRTI•R•VnGARIЄ••, Patriarchal Cross, K-R over +, in a circle, line border.
reverse: Four-part shield (Hungarian stripes in the middle, Czech lion, Austrian band, Moravian eagle around), the border of dots,
exergue, mint mark: K/R over +//-- , diameter: 14,0-14,5mm, weight: 0,47g, axis: 1h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica, Konrad Rudel by Pohl), date:1439 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-592, CNH-2-135B, Unger-461.h., Pohl-127-07,
Q-001
This coin was struck under the Interregnum I. (1439-1440 A.D.) with the name of Abert!
2 commentsquadrans
033_Albert_(1437-1439_AD)_Den_U-461-i_C2-135B_H-592_m_ALBERTI_R_VnGARIE_-_n-S_1438-40_AD,_Q-001_6h_13,5-14,2mm_0,44g-s.jpg
033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.i., P-127-08, #01110 views033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.i., P-127-08, #01
avers: ✠ m•ALBERTI•R•VnGARIЄ, Patriarchal Cross, n-S, in a circle, line border.
reverse: Four-part shield (Hungarian stripes in the middle, Czech lion, Austrian band, Moravian eagle around), a border of dots,
exergue, mint mark: n/S//-- , diameter: 13,5-14,2mm, weight: 0,44g, axis:6h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (today Romania: Baia Mare, Stephanus Remetei by Pohl), date:1439 A.D. (by Pohl),
ref: Unger-461-i., CNH-2-135B, Huszár-592, Pohl-127-08,
Q-001
quadrans
032_Albert_(1437-1439_AD),_AR-Den,_H-592,_C2-135B,_U-461_i_,_P-127-8,_m_ALBERTI_R_VnGARIE,_n-S,_1440_AD,_Q-002,_11h,_14-14,5mm,_0,39g-s.jpg
033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.i., P-127-08, #0255 views033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.i., P-127-08, #02
avers: ✠ m•ALBERTI•R•VnGARIЄ, Patriarchal Cross, n-S, in a circle, line border.
reverse: Four-part shield (Hungarian stripes in the middle, Czech lion, Austrian band, Moravian eagle around), a border of dots,
exergue, mint mark: n/S//-- , diameter: 14,0-14,5mm, weight: 0,39g, axis:11h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (today Romania: Baia Mare, Stephanus Remetei by Pohl), date:1439 A.D. (by Pohl),
ref: Unger-461-i., CNH-2-135B, Huszár-592, Pohl-127-08,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
033_Albert_(1437-1439_AD),_AR-Den,_H-592,_C2-135B,_U-461_q_,_P-127-9,_m_ALBERTI_R_VnGARIE,_C-Lily,_1440_AD,_Q-001,_7h,_13,5-14,5mm,_0,39g-s~0.jpg
033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.q., P-127-09, #0166 views033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.q., P-127-09, #01
avers: ✠ m•ALBЄRTI•R•VnGARIЄ••, Patriarchal Cross, C-⚜, in a circle, line border.
reverse: Four-part shield (Hungarian stripes in the middle, Czech lion, Austrian band, Moravian eagle around), the border of dots,
exergue, mint mark: C/⚜//-- , diameter: 13,5-14,5mm, weight: 0,39g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Kassa (today Slovakia: Kosice, City coin by Pohl), date:1440 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-592, CNH-2-135B, Unger-461.q., Pohl-127-09,
Q-001
This coin was struck under the Interregnum I. (1439-1440 A.D.) with the name of Abert!
1 commentsquadrans
033_Albert_(1437-1439_AD),_AR-Den,_H-592,_C2-135B,_U-461_s_,_P-127-11,_m_ALBERTI_R_VnGARIE,_K-P,_1440_AD,_Q-001,_4h,_13,5-14,0mm,_0,48g-s.jpg
033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.s., P-127-11, #0167 views033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.s., P-127-11, #01
avers: ✠ m•ALBЄRTI•R•VnGARIЄ••, Patriarchal Cross, K-P, in a circle, line border.
reverse: Four-part shield (Hungarian stripes in the middle, Czech lion, Austrian band, Moravian eagle around), the border of dots,
exergue, mint mark: K/P//-- , diameter: 13,5-14,0mm, weight: 0,48g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica, Konrad Polner by Pohl), date:1440 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-592, CNH-2-135B, Unger-461.s., Pohl-127-11,
Q-001
This coin was struck under the Interregnum I. (1439-1440 A.D.) with the name of Abert!
1 commentsquadrans
Interregnum_(1439-1440-AD)_AR-Denar_U-464_C2-137_H-595_Q-001_8h_14,0mm_0,50g-s.jpg
034 Interregnum I., No King of Hungary, (1439-1440 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-464-a., Scarce!, #0181 views034 Interregnum I., No King of Hungary, (1439-1440 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-464-a., Scarce!, #01
avers: K • + on R; border of dots.
reverse: Four-part shield (Hungarian stripes in the middle, Czech lion, Austrian band, Moravian eagle around), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: K/+/R//-- were struck by Konrad Rudel (by Pohl), diameter: 14mm, weight: 0,50g, axis:8h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), date:1439-1440 A.D., ref: Unger-464-a., CNH-2-137, Huszáar-595, Pohl-133-01,
Q-001
quadrans
Interregnum_(1439-1440-AD)_AR-Denar_U-464_C2-137_H-595_Q-002_4-5h_14,4mm_0,56g-s.jpg
034 Interregnum I., No King of Hungary, (1439-1440 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-464-a., Scarce!, #0275 views034 Interregnum I., No King of Hungary, (1439-1440 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-464-a., Scarce!, #02
avers: K • + on R; border of dots.
reverse: Four-part shield (Hungarian stripes in the middle, Czech lion, Austrian band, Moravian eagle around), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: K/+/R//-- were struck by Konrad Rudel (by Pohl), diameter: 14,4 mm, weight: 0,56g, axis:4-5h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), date:1439-1440 A.D., ref: Unger-464-a., CNH-2-137, Huszár-595, Pohl-133-01,
Q-002
quadrans
Iohannes-Hunyadi-r.gif
036 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486.g, avers, please click on the picture,156 views036 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486.g, avers, please click on the picture,
avers: ✠TEMPORE IO GVBERnATOR, Crowned Bohemian Lion advancing left in circle; border of dots.
reverse:-
diameter: mm, weight: 0,00g,
mint: Hungary, Buda, mint mark: h-S, by (Pohl).
date: 1447-1450 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-486.g, CNH-2-157A, Huszár-620,
Q-001
quadrans
Janos-Hunyadi_(1446-1453_AD)_Den_U-486_d_C2-157A_H-620_TEMPORE-IO-_-GVBERnATOR-_-_Rozetta-MOnETA-_-REGnI-_-VnGARIE_Q-001_19mm_0,72g-s.jpg
037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486-d., Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-S, #01 113 views037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486-d., Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-S, #01
avers: ✠TEMPORE•IO•GVBERnATOR, Crowned Bohemian Lion advancing left in circle; border of dots.
reverse: Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (B-S); border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/S//-- were strucked by Stephanus Mikola, diameter: mm, weight: 0,00g,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1447-1451 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-486-d., CNH-2-157A, Huszar-620, Pohl-177-04,
Q-001
quadrans
Janos-Hunyadi_Den_U-487_C2-157C_H-623_Q-001_19mm_0,72ga-s.jpg
037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-487, Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-I, #01104 views037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-487, Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-I, #01
avers: •TEMPORE IO•GVBERnATOR, Bohemian Lion advancing left in circle, without crown, border of dots.
reverse: Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, in circle, mint-mark on each side (B-I); border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/I//-- were strucked by Iohannes Münczer (by Pohl), diameter: 19mm, weight: 0,72g,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1451-1452 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-487, CNH-2-157C, Huszár-623, Pohl-179,
Q-001
quadrans
037_Janos_Hunyadi,_AR-Obol,_Lion,_Patriarchal_cross,_B-I,_U-490b,_C2-158A,_H-622,_1447-1450_Q-001_h,_12,5mm,_g-s.jpg
037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-Obulus, Huszár-622, Patriarchal cross, B-I, #01163 views037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-Obulus, Huszár-622, Patriarchal cross, B-I, #01
avers: Bohemian Lion with crown advancing left in circle, line border.
reverse: Patriarchal cross, in circle, mint-mark on each side (B-I), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/I//-- were strucked by Iohannes Münczer (by Pohl), diameter: 12,0mm, weight: 0,27g, axis: 0h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1447-1450 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-622, CNH-2-158A, Pohl-178-1, Unger-490b,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
037_Janos_Hunyadi_,_Gubernator_of_Hungary,_(1446-1453_A_D_),_Huszar-622,_AR-Obulus,_Q-002,_h,_13,5mm,_g-s.jpg
037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-Obulus, Huszár-622, Patriarchal cross, B-I, #02192 views037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-Obulus, Huszár-622, Patriarchal cross, B-I, #02
avers: Bohemian Lion with crown advancing left in circle, line border.
reverse: Patriarchal cross, in circle, mint-mark on each side (B-I), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/I//-- were strucked by Iohannes Münczer (by Pohl), diameter: 13,5mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1447-1450 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-622, CNH-2-158A, Pohl-178-1, Unger-490b,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
Marc-Aurelius_AE-Kontorniat-medallion_X_Pax_RIC-_Rome-AD_Q-001_axis-11h_28mm_20,45g-1-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III ???, AE- Medallion ??? , Rome, Pax?,108 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), AE- Medallion ??? , Rome, Pax?
avers:- Laurate head right.
revers:- Pax (??) standing left, holding branch and cornucopiae, Or Annona ???.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 28mm, weight: 20,45g, axis: 11 h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-????, C-????, Sear-?????,
Q-001
quadrans
038_Laszlo-V_(Ladislaus_V_)_Throne_require_(1440-1453),_Denar,_H-643,_C2-201A,_U-494_f_,_P-150-15,_1442_AD,_Q-001,_1h,_12,5mm,_0,36g-s.jpg
038 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as Throne Require of Hungary, (1440-1453 A.D.), AR Denarius, H-643.var., C2-201A.var., U-494.f.var., P-150-15, Rare!67 views038 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as Throne Require of Hungary, (1440-1453 A.D.), AR Denarius, H-643.var., C2-201A.var., U-494.f.var., P-150-15, Rare!
avers: •m•LADISLA(I R•VnGARIE), Patriarchal cross in the circle, mint-mark S-D, on each side, the border of dots.
reverse: Hungarian shield with stripes, amongst three arches, three shields in the arches (Austrian band, Moravian eagle, Czech lion), a small circles between the shields!
exergue, mint mark: S/D//-- were struck by "Civitas" Town coin, (by Pohl), diameter: 12,5mm, weight: 0,36g, axis: 1h,
mint: Hungary, Szomolnok, (Schmölnitz, by Pohl, today in Slovakia, Smolnik), date:1442 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-643var. (reverse!), CNH2-201A.var., Unger-494.f.var., Pohl-150-15, Rare!
Q-001
The piece was cut around, at that used time.
1 commentsquadrans
038_Laszlo-V_(Ladislaus_V_)_Throne_require_(1440-1453)_Denar_U-500_C2-193_H-649_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s~0.jpg
038 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as Throne Require of Hungary, (1440-1453 A.D.), AR Denarius, U-500-b., #01106 views038 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as Throne Require of Hungary, (1440-1453 A.D.), AR Denarius, U-500-b., #01
avers: ✠mOnETA•LADISLAI•DEI•GRA, Hungarian Shield three parts left Árpádian stripes, and right Lion over the Patriarchal cross, C-G, circle, border of dots.
reverse: ✠REGIS•VnGARIE•ETCETERA, Winged eagle, at the breast band shield, circle, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: C/G//-- were strucked by Augustin Greniczer (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, Kassa (Kaschau, today Kosice by Pohl), date:1442-1443 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-500-b., CNH-2-193, Huszár-649, Pohl-156-01,
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038_Laszlo-V_(Ladislaus_V_)_Throne_require_(1440-1453)_Denar_U-505b_C2-183_H-654_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
038 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as Throne Require of Hungary, (1440-1453 A.D.), AR Denarius, U-505-b., #0186 views038 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as Throne Require of Hungary, (1440-1453 A.D.), AR Denarius, U-505-b., #01
avers: rosette mOnETA•LADISLAI•DEI•G, Patriarchal Cross, K-P over +, circle ; border of dots.
reverse: ✠REGIS•VnGARIE•ET•CETERA, Crowned Bohemian Lion advancing left, circle, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: K/+ over P//-- were struck by Petrus Jung (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica, by Pohl), date:1447-1450 A.D., ref: Unger-505-b., CNH-2-183, Huszár-654, Pohl-160-01,
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040_Hunyadi-Matyas,_(Mathias-Corvinus),_(1458-1490_A_D_),_H-718,_C2-234,_U-564_f,_K-P,_P-219-4,_Kremnitz,_1472-78,_Q-001,_1h,_15,5-16,0mm,_0,53g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.f, P-219-04, K/P//--, Madonna and child, #0165 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.f, P-219-04, K/P//--, Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion with Crown). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROn VnGARI•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots,(Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/P//--, were struck by Paul Peck, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5-16,0mm, weight: 0,53g, axis: 1h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1472-1478 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Huszár-718, CNH-2-234, Unger-564.f., Pohl-219-04,
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1 commentsquadrans
040_Hunyadi-Matyas,_(Mathias-Corvinus),_(1458-1490_A_D_),_H-718,_C2-234,_U-564_g,_K-A,_P-219-2,_Kremnitz,_1472-78,_Q-001,_2h,_15,0-16,5mm,_0,62g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.g, P-219-02, K/A//--, Madonna and child, #0164 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.g, P-219-02, K/A//--, Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion with Crown). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROnA VnGARIЄ•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots,(Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/A//--, were struck by Augustin Langsfelder, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0-16,5mm, weight: 0,62g, axis: 2h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1472-1478 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Huszár-718, CNH-2-234, Unger-564.g., Pohl-219-02,
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1 commentsquadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_567b_C2-232_H-722_M_MATHIE_R_VNGARIE__PATRONA-VNGARIE__K_PonRozette_1489AD_Q-001_9h_15,5mm_0,49g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-567.b., Madonna and child, #01174 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-567.b., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠M•MATHIE•R•VNGARIE, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. One dots both side of the shield. (Legend variation!)
reverse: PATRON VNGARIE, Nimbate and Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding nimbate infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (K-P/Rozette) on each side; line border, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ P/Rozette//--, were struck by Peter Schaider, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5mm, weight: 0,49g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1488 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-567.b., CNH-2-232, Huszár-722, Pohl-223-01,
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040 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Obulus, U-578.h., #0177 views040 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-578.h., Madonna and child, #01
avers: Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak.
revers: Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her left arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: K/ V/A//--, were strucked by Veit Mühlstein and Augustin Langsfelder, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 12,0-13,0mm, weight: 0,30g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1479 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-578.h., CNH-2-244, Huszar-728, Pohl-220-07,
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040_Hunyadi-Matyas,_(Mathias-Corvinus),_(1458-1490_A_D_),_H-708,_C2-219,_U-557_d,_B-S,_P-208-4,_Buda,_1464,_Q-001,_7h,_16,0-17,09mm,_0,61g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-708, C2-219, U-557.d, P-208-04, B/S//--, #0172 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-708, C2-219, U-557.d, P-208-04, B/S//--, #01
avers: ✠MONЄTA•MAThIЄ•DЄ, Two-part Hungarian shield (Hungarian stripes, Krown and the lion of Hunyadi) in a circle, border of dots.
reverse: •RЄGIS•hVnGARIЄ•(left to right), Patriarchal cross on the crown in a circle, mint-mark on each side (B-S), the border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/S//--, were struck by Stephan Kowách (by Pohl), diameter: 16,0-17,0mm, weight: 0,61g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1464 A.D., ref: Huszár-708, CNH-2-219, Unger-557.d, Pohl 208-04,
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2 commentsquadrans
040_Hunyadi-Matyas,_(Mathias-Corvinus),_(1458-1490_A_D_),_H-708,_C2-219,_U-557_e,_C-S,_P-208-5,_Kassa,_1464,_Q-001,_7h,_16,0-17,7mm,_0,67g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-708, C2-219, U-557.e, P-208-05, C/S//--, #0188 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-708, C2-219, U-557.e, P-208-05, C/S//--, #01
avers: ✠mONЄTA•mAThIЄ•DG(?)(right to left), Two-part Hungarian shield (Hungarian stripes, Krown and the lion of Hunyadi) in a circle, border of dots.
reverse: •RЄGIS•hVnGARIЄ•(left to right), Patriarchal cross on the crown in a circle, mint-mark on each side (C-S), the border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: C/S//--, were struck by Stephan Kowách (by Pohl), diameter: 16,0-17,7mm, weight: 0,67g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Kassa (today Kosice, Slovakia), date: 1464 A.D., ref: Huszár-708, CNH-2-219, Unger-557.e, Pohl 208-05,
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1 commentsquadrans
Hunyadi-Matyas_(Mathias-Corvinus)_(1458-1490_A_D_)_U-557f_C2-219_H-708_Q-001_7h_16,3-16,9mm_0,72g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-708, C2-219, U-557.f, P-208-06, h/L//--, #01136 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-708, C2-219, U-557.f, P-208-06, h/L//--, #01
avers: ✠MONЄTA•MAThIЄ•DG, Two-part Hungarian shield (Hungarian stripes, Krown and a lion of Hunyadi) in a circle, the border of dots.
reverse: •RЄGIS•hVnGARIAЄ•(left to right), Patriarchal cross on the crown in a circle, mint-mark on each side (h-L), the border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: h/L//-- were struck by Laurentius Bajoni (by Pohl), diameter: 16,3-16,9mm, weight: 0,72g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Hermanstadt (the Hungarian name are: Nagyszeben, nowadays in Romania name: Sibiu), date: 1464 A.D., ref: Huszár-708, CNH-2-219, Unger-557.f, Pohl 208-06,
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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.e, P-219-05, K/ P/V//--, Madonna and child, #01115 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.e, P-219-05, K/ P/V//--, Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠m•mAThIЄ•R•hVnGARIЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion with Crown). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROn VnGAR•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots,(Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ P/V//--, were struck by Paul Peck/Veit Mühlstein, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 0,44g, axis: 10h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1472-1478 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Huszár-718, CNH-2-234, Unger-564.e., Pohl-219-05,
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1 commentsquadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_562e_C2-235A_H-717g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.e., Madonna and child, #01101 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.e., Madonna and child, #01
avers: •m•mAThIЄ•R•hVnTARIЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak.
reverse: PATROn VnGARIAЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/+ on top of the horseshoe//-- were struck by Stephan Kowach (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g,
mint: Hungary, Buda (by Pohl),
date: 1469 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.e., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-05,
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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #01104 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA-mAThIЄ•R•VnGARIЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROnA VnGARIAЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ K over Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 0,71g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1468 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.h., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-08,
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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #02115 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #02
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: PATROnA VnGARIAЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ K over Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 0,51g, axis: 10h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1468 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.h., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-08,
Q-002

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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #03122 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #03
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: PATROnA VnGARI, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ K over Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0-16,5mm, weight: 0,53g, axis: 3h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1468 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.h., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-08,
Q-003

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Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_562h_C2-235A_H-717_mOneTA_mAThIE_R_VnGAR__PATROnA-VnGARI__K_K-on-Shield_Q-004_5h_16-16,5mm_0,51g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #04121 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #04
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnGAR, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. (Legend variation!)
reverse: •PATROnA VnGARI•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ K over Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 16,0-16,5mm, weight: 0,51g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1468 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.h., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-08,
Q-004

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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.i., Madonna and child, #01115 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.i., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠ m mAThIЄ R VnGARIЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: PATROn VnGAR, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 0,63g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1469 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.i., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-09,
Q-001
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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.m., Madonna and child, #0199 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.m., Madonna and child, #01
avers: m mAThIЄ•R hVnGARЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: PATROn VnGARЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots. (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: n/ hammers//--, were struck by Bürgertschaft, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5-16,0mm, weight: 0,51g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (today Romania : Baia Mare) by Pohl,
date: 1470 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.m., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-13,
Q-001

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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-564.c., Madonna and child, #0196 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-564.c., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•hVnGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROn VnGARI•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ G//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 16,0mm, weight: 0,46g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1472-1478 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-564.c., CNH-2-234, Huszár-718, Pohl-219-03,
Q-001

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Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_565-a_C2-239A-E_H-719_xM_MAThIE_R_hUnGARI_PATRO-VnGARI_K_P-V_Q-001_5h_15-15,5mm_0,65g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-565.a., Madonna and child, #0185 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-565.a., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠m•mAThIЄ•R•hVnGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATRO VnGARI, Crowned Madonna sitting, holding infant Jesus in her left arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ P/V//--, were struck by Paul Peck/Veit Mühlstein, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0-15,5mm, weight: 0,65g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1479-1485 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-565.a., CNH-2-239A, Huszár-719, Pohl-221-03,
Q-001

quadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Garas_U_550-d_C2-213A-E_H-692-695_P-193-2,_mOnETA_mAThIE_REIS_hVnOAR,_PATROnA_VnGARIE,_1479-85_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_26,5mm,_2,9g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Gross, U-550.d-var., Madonna and child, #01166 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Gross, U-550.d-var., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•RЄIS•hVnOAR, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads(two!!), Crown(!!) and Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. (Legends error! "•RЄIS•hVnOAR" instead of "•RЄGIS•hVnGAR" and variation!)
reverse: PATROnA VnGARIЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots. (Legend variation!)
exergue, mint mark: K/ Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 26,5mm, weight: 2,9g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1469 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-550.d-var., CNH-2-213A-Evar., Huszár-692, Pohl-193-02,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Garas_U_550-j_C2-213A-E_H-695_P-197-05_mOnETA_mAThIE_REGIS_Vn__PATROnA-hVnGARIE__1479-85_AD_Q-001_4h_26,0mm_3,05g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Gross, U-550.j., Madonna and child, #01155 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Gross, U-550.j., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•RЄGIS•Vn, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, (three!) Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. (Legend variation!)
reverse: •PATROnA hVnGARIЄ•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.(Legend variation!)
exergue, mint mark: K/ V/A//--, were struck by Veit Mühlstein and Augustin Langsfelder, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 26,0mm, weight: 3,05g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1479-1485 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-550.j., CNH-2-213A-Evar., Huszár-695, Pohl-219-05,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
II_Ulaszlo_Den_U-638-d_C2-276_H-803_M_WLADISLAI_R_VNGARIE__PATRON-_---_-VNGARIE_1495-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-638.d., #0187 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-638.d., #01
avers: M•WLADISLAI•R•VNGARIЄ•, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Bohemian lion in the inner shield.
reverse: PATRON VNGARIЄ, Nimbate and Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding nimbate infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (K - B/AF/M) on each side; line border.
exergue, mint mark: K /B/AF/M//-- were struck by Andreas Hellebrand and Franz Körnidl (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1496 A.D., ref: Unger-638.d., CNH-2-276, Huszár-803, Pohl-238-03,
Q-001
quadrans
Wladislai-II-4a-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-638.e., #01161 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-638.e., #01
avers: M•WLADISLAI•R•VNGARIЄ•, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Bohemian lion in the inner shield.
reverse: PATRON VNGARI•Є, Nimbate and Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding nimbate infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (K-S/Є) on each side; line border.
exergue, mint mark: K/S/Є//-- were struck by Stephanus Ryzmegl and Erasmus Rezl (by Pohl), diameter: 16 mm, weight: 0,52g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1497 A.D., ref: Unger-638.e., CNH-2-276, Huszár-803, Pohl-238-04,
Q-001

quadrans
Wladislai-II-2a-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-640a, #0177 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-640a, #01
avers: m•WLADISLAI•R•VnGARIЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in the inner shield.
reverse: PATROnA VnGARI•,
diameter: 16mm, weight: 0,52g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark:K-h (Pohl),
date: A.D., ref: Unger-640a, CNH-2-272A, Huszar-806,
Q-001
quadrans
Ulaszlo_II_,_AR-Den,_H-807,_C2-272B,_U-641c,_P-242-3,_WLADISLAI_R_VNGARI_,_PATRO_N__VNGAR,_n-A,_1505_AD,_Q-001,_4h,15,5mm,_0,61g-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-641c, P-242-3, #0177 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-641c, P-242-3, #01
avers: •WLADISLAI•R*VNGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, and Bohemian lion). The Polish eagle in the inner shield. Interesting legend variation, than to start the legend the "M"(oneta) is absent!
reverse: PATRO N•VNGAR, Crowned Madonna with the child in her right arm.
diameter: 15,5mm, weight: 0,61g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (now Baia Mare, Romania), mint mark:n-A (Pohl), struck by Ambrosius Literatus (by Pohl),
date: 1505 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszar-807, CNH-2-272B, Unger-641c, Pohl-242-3,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Wladislai-II-3a-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-644a, #0188 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-644a, #01
avers:- M•WLADISLAI•R•VNGARI•, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield.
revers:- PATRON_VNGARIE,
diameter: 15,5-16mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark:K-h (Pohl),
date: A.D., ref: Unger-, CNH-, Huszar-,
Q-001
quadrans
Wladislai-II-5-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-646c/1512, Madonna and child, #0167 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-646c/1512, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- *1512*WLADISLAI*R*VNGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield.
revers:- *PATRONA*_*VNGARIE*,
diameter: 15mm, weight: 0,57g, axis: 3h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), mint mark:K-G (Pohl),
date: 1512A.D., ref: Unger-646c, CNH-2-278A, Huszar-811,
Q-001
quadrans
Wladislai-II-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-646c/1514, Madonna and child, #0174 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-646c/1514, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- *1514*WLADISLAI*R*VNGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield.
revers:- *PATRONA*_*VNGARIE*,
diameter: 15mm, weight: 0,63g, axis: 10h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), mint mark:K-G (Pohl),
date: 1514 A.D., ref: Unger-646c, CNH-2-278A, Huszar-811,
Q-001
quadrans
040_Ulászló_II__(Wladislas_II_,_Jagellion)_,_King_of_Hungary,_(1490-1516_A_D_)_AR_Obulus,_H-813,_P-240-3,_U-647d,_1497AD,_Q-001,_11h,_11,5-12mm,_0,31g-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, H-813, U-647.d., #01183 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, H-813, U-647.d., #01
avers: No legend, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), a Bohemian lion in the central shield.
reverse: No legend, Nimbate, and Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding Nimbate infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (K-S/Є) on each side, line border.
exergue, mint mark: K/S/Є//-- were struck by Stephanus Ryzmegl and Erasmus Rezl (by Pohl), diameter: 11,5-12,0 mm, weight: 0,31g, axis: 11h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1497 A.D., (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-813, CNH 2 284, Pohl 240-03, Unger 647.d.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Ulaszlo-II_(1490-1516_AD)_AR-Obulus_U-650_C2-281_H-815_Q-001_4h_11,5-12mm_0,24g-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, U-650a, Madonna and child, #01147 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, U-650a, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, Polish eagle with outstretched wings.
revers:- Nimbate and Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm.
diameter: 11,5-12,0mm, weight: 0,24g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), mint mark: K- h, by (Pohl)
date: 1498-1501 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-650a, CNH-2-281, Huszar-815,
Q-001
quadrans
Ulaszlo-II_(1490-1516_AD)_AR-Obulus_U-650b_C2-281_H-815_1498-1501-AD_Q-001_2h_12mm_0,40g-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, U-650b, Madonna and child, #01116 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, U-650b, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, Polish eagle with outstretched wings.
revers:- Nimbate and Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm.
diameter: 12,0mm, weight: 0,40g, axis: 2h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), mint mark: K- H, by (Pohl)
date: 1498-1501 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-650b, CNH-2-281, Huszar-815,
Q-001
quadrans
Commodus_AR-Den_L-AEL-AVREL-COMM-AVG-P-FEL_HERCVLI-ROMANO-AVG_RIC-III-254a-p-395_C-_Rome_192-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_16-16,5mm_2,67g-s.jpg
041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0254a, Rome, AR-denarius, HERCVLI ROMANO AVG, Hercules ang trophy, Scarce !86 views041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0254a, Rome, AR-denarius, HERCVLI ROMANO AVG, Hercules ang trophy, Scarce !
avers:- L-AEL-AVREL-COMM-AVG-P-FEL, Laureate head right.
revers:- HERCVLI-ROMANO-AVG, Hercules standing left, touching trophy and holding club with lion skin.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16-16,5mm, weight: 2,67g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 192 A.D., ref: RIC-III-254a, p-395, C-, S-5646,
Q-001
quadrans
Lajos-II_,_(1516-1526_AD),_(Ladislaus_II,_Jagiellon),_AR-Denar,_H-841,_C2-306A,_U-673a,_P-255-32,_A-V,HK,_1526,_Q-001,_8h,_14,5-15mm,_0,56g-s.jpg
042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-673a., Madonna and child, A/V//HK, 1526, #0174 views042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-673a., Madonna and child, A/V//HK, 1526, #01
avers: LVDOVICVS ᵒRᵒVNGARI*1626*, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in the inner shield. The date (1526) above the shield between two flowers, and flower with five petals, the border of dots.
reverse: PATRONA HK VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (A-V) on each side, HK below, the border of dots.
exergue/mint mark: A/V//HK, diameter: 14,5-15,0mm, weight: 0,56g, axis: 8h,
mint: Hungary, Visegrád (Pohl), date: 1526 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Huszar-841, CNH-2-306A, Unger-673a., Pohl-255-32,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Lajos-II__(1516-1526_AD)_(Ladislaus_II,_Jagiellon)_Denar_U-675-a_C2-308A_H-846_L-B-1521_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-a., Madonna and child, L-B, 1521, #0177 views042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-a., Madonna and child, L-B, 1521, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield. The date (1521) above the shield between two flower, and flower with five petals between two dots on each side, border of dots.
revers:- Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (L-B) on each side; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: L/B//-- diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1521 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-675-a., CNH-2-308A, Huszar-846, Pohl-258-01, "Moneta Nova"
Q-001
quadrans
Lajos-II__(1516-1526_AD)_(Lodovicus_II,_Jagiellon)_Denar_U-675-a_C2-308A_H-846_L-B-1523_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-a., Madonna and child, L-B, 1523, #0186 views042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-a., Madonna and child, L-B, 1523, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield. The date (1523) above the shield, and rozette with five petals between two small circle on each side, border of dots.
revers:- Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (L-B) on each side; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: L/B//-- diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1523 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-675-a., CNH-2-308A, Huszar-846, Pohl-258-01, "Moneta Nova"
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Lajos-II__(1516-1526_AD)_(Lodovicus_II,_Jagiellon)_Denar_U-675-e_C2-308A_H-846_L-K-1522_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-e., Madonna and child, L-K, 1522, #0171 views042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-e., Madonna and child, L-K, 1522, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield. The date (1522) above the shield between two flower, and flower with five petals between two dots on each side, border of dots.
revers:- Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (L-K) on each side; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: L/K//-- diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica, by Pohl), date: 1522 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-675-e., CNH-2-308A, Huszar-846, Pohl-258-02, "Moneta Nova"
Q-001
quadrans
Ferd-I_AR-Den__1531_FERDINAND_D_G_R_VNG_PATRONA_-_VNGARIE_K-B_U-745a_C3-40_H-935_1531_Q-001_7h_15,7mm_0,49g-s.jpg
044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hugary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1531, Madonna and child, #01208 views044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hugary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1531, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- •1531•FERDINAND•D•G•R•VNG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Central shield are Austrian shield.
revers:- PATRONA•-•VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm. K-B crossed the field.
diameter: 15,7 mm, weight: 0,49 g, axis: 7h,
mint mark: K-B, mint: Körmöczbánya, date: 1531 A.D.,
ref: Unger-745a, CNH-3-40, Huszár-935,
Q-001
quadrans
Ferd-I_AR-Den__1534_FERDINAND_D_G_R_VNG_PATRONA_-rozette-_VNGARIE_K-B_U-745a_C3-40_H-935_1534_Q-001_9h_16,3mm_0,54g-s.jpg
044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hugary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1534, Madonna and child, #01222 views044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hugary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1534, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- •1534•FERDINAND•D•G•R•VNG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Central shield are Austrian shield.
revers:- PATRONA•-rozette-•VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm. K-B crossed the field.
diameter: 16,3 mm, weight: 0,54 g, axis: 9h,
mint mark: K-B,, mint: Körmöczbánya, date: 1534 A.D.,
ref: Unger-745a, CNH-3-40, Huszár-935,
Q-001
quadrans
Ferd-I_AR-Den__1551_FERDINAND_D_G_R_VNG_PATRONA_-_VNGARIE_K-B_U-745a_C3-40_H-935_1551_Q-001_9h_14,6mm_0,53g-s.jpg
044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hugary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1551, Madonna and child #01211 views044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hugary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1551, Madonna and child #01
avers:- •1551•FERDINAND•D•G•R•VNG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Central shield are Austrian shield.
revers:- PATRONA•-•VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm. K-B crossed the field.
diameter: 14,6 mm, weight: 0,53 g, axis: 9h,
mint mark: K-B, mint: Körmöczbánya, date: 1551 A.D.,
ref: Unger-745a, CNH-3-40, Huszár-935,
Q-001
quadrans
Ferd-I_AR-Den__1551_FERDINAND_D_G_R_VNG_PATRONA_-rozette-_VNGARIE_K-B_U-745a_C3-40_H-935_1551_Q-002_7h_15,2mm_0,56g-s.jpg
044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hugary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1551, Madonna and child, #02233 views044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hugary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1551, Madonna and child, #02
avers:- •1551•FERDINAND•D•G•R•VNG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Central shield are Austrian shield.
revers:- PATRONA•-rozette-•VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm. K-B crossed the field.
diameter: 15,2 mm, weight: 0,56 g, axis: 7h,
mint mark: K-B, mint: Körmöczbánya, date: 1551 A.D.,
ref: Unger-745a, CNH-3-40, Huszár-935,
Q-001
quadrans
Ferd-I_AR-Den__1528_FERDINAND_D_G_R_VNG_PATRONA_-_VNGARIE_K-B_U-745a_C3-40_H-935_1528_Q-001_4h_15,5mm_0,55g-s.jpg
044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1528, Madonna and child, #01246 views044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1528, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- •1528•FERDINAND•D•G•R•VNG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Central shield are Austrian shield.
revers:- PATRONA•-•VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm. K-B crossed the field.
diameter: 15,5 mm, weight: 0,55 g, axis: 4h,
mint mark: K-B, mint: Körmöczbánya, date: 1528 A.D.,
ref: Unger-745a, CNH-3-40, Huszár-935,
Q-00
quadrans
Miksa_AR-Den_K-B_U-766a_C3-94_H-992_1566_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
045 Miksa., (Maximilian of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1564-1576 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-766a, 1566, Madonna and child, #01115 views045 Miksa., (Maximilian of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1564-1576 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-766a, 1566, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- •MAX•II•D•G•E•RO•I•S•AV•G•HV•B•R•, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Central shield are Austrian shield. The year 1566 on the top of the shield.
revers:- PATRONA•-rozette-•VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm. K-B crossed the field.
diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint mark: K-B, mint: Körmöczbánya, date: 1566 A.D.,
ref: Unger-766a, CNH-3-94, Huszár-992,
Q-001
quadrans
Rudolf_(1576-1608_AD),_AR-Gross,_1601,_N-B,_H-1049,_CNH_III__150,_U-805,_Q-001,_11h,_23,5-24mm,_1,56g-s.jpg
046 Rudolf, (Rudolph II. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1576-1608 A.D.), AR-Groschen, H-1049, CNH III.-150, U-805, N-B, 1601, Rare!128 views046 Rudolf, (Rudolph II. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1576-1608 A.D.), AR-Groschen, H-1049, CNH III.-150, U-805, N-B, 1601, Rare!
avers: ֍ RVDOL•II•D:G•RO•IM•S•AV•GE•HVN•B•R•, Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm. N-B crossed the field.
reverse: •MONETA•NOVA•ANNODOMINI•1601, Ornamented, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Central shield is Austrian shield. All in
diameter: 23,5-24,0mm, weight: 1,56g, axis: 11h,
exergue, mint mark: N/B//--, mint: Nagybánya, (today Romania: Baia Mare), date: 1601 A.D.,
ref: Huszár-1049, CNH III.-150, Unger-805,
Q-001
quadrans
049_BC-_Q__SICINIVS_III__VIR__C__COPONIVS__PR__S__C__Crawford_444-1a__Sydenham_939__RSC_Sicinia_1_Q-001_5h_16,5mm_3,31g-s.jpg
049 B.C., Q. Sicinius and C. Coponius., Denarius, Crawford 444/1a, C•COPONIVS• PR•S•C•, Club of Hercules, arrow and bow,131 views049 B.C., Q. Sicinius and C. Coponius., Denarius, Crawford 444/1a, C•COPONIVS• PR•S•C•, Club of Hercules, arrow and bow,
avers: Q•SICINIVS III•VIR, diademed head of Apollo right, star below.
revers: C•COPONIVS• PR•S•C•, Hercules' club surmounted by lion skin, scalp right, bow on right, arrow on left.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 3,31g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 49 B.C., ref: Crawford 444/1a, Sydenham 939, Sicinia 1,
Q-001
"An important type, one of the first of the "Imperatorial" series. Struck at a military mint in the East, 49 B.C., after the moneyer, owing his appointment to Pompey the Great, fled Caesar's advance upon Rome with the Praetor Coponius (commander of the fleet), and part of the Senate (thus the S C on the reverse, to lend legitimacy to the coinage). Coponius is likely the father or grandfather of the man by the same name who served as procurator in Judaea under Augustus, from A.D. 6 to A.D. 9."
quadrans
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG_P-M-TR-P-XV-COS-III-P-P_RIC-IV-I-207-p118_C-493_Rome-207-Scarce_AD_Q-001_axis-6h_17,5mm_3,44g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 207, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XV COS III P P, Africa standing right,314 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 207, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XV COS III P P, Africa standing right,
avers:- SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XV-COS-III-P-P, Africa standing right, resting hand on hip and holding grain ears; lion to right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5 mm, weight: 3,44 g, axis: 6 h,
mint: Rome, date: 207 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-207, p118, C-493,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG_INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G_INCARTH_RIC-IV-266_p-_BMCRE-335_C-222_Rome-203-04-AD_Q-001_17-19mm_3,79g-s~0.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 266, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH, 118 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 266, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH,
avers:- SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG, Laurate bust right.
revers:- INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G, The Dea Caelestis, wearing elaborate headdress, looking right, riding right on lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, below, water gushing from rocks at left.
exe: -/-//INCARTH, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 3,79g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 203-04 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-266, p-125, C-222, BMCRE-335,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
049_Sept__Sev__Moesia,_Markianopolis,_AE-26,_,_E,_Varb_865,_Q-001,_1h,_26-26,5mm,_11,53g-s~0.jpg
049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2014) 06.15.31.01., AE-26, Y ΦΛ OYΛΠIANOY MAΡKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Kybele seated left,115 views049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2014) 06.15.31.01., AE-26, Y ΦΛ OYΛΠIANOY MAΡKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Kybele seated left,
avers:- AY K L CEPT CEYHΡOC IOVLIA DOMNA CEB, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust of Severus right facing draped bust of Julia Domna left.
revers:- Y ΦΛ OYΛΠIANOY MAΡKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Kybele seated left, holding patera, arm resting on the drum, lions at sides. Є in left field.
exe: Є/-//--, diameter: 26,0-26,5 mm, weight: 11,53 g, axis:1h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, Magistrate Ulpianus (210-211 AD), date: 210-211 A.D., ref: Hristova/Jekov (2014) 06.15.31.01., Varbanov 865,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
049_Septimius_Severus_(193-211_A_D_)_AE-18_AVL-CEP-CEVHROC_MARKIANOPOLITON_Q-001_0-h_18-18,5mm_3,62g-s~0.jpg
049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2014) 6.14.31.31., AE-18, MAPKIANO ΠOLIΤΩ, Kybele seated left,66 views049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2014) 6.14.31.31., AE-18, MAPKIANO ΠOLIΤΩ, Kybele seated left,
avers: AYΛ CEΠ CEVHPO(C), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: MAPKIANO ΠOLIΤΩ, Kybele, richly draped, wearing kalathos, seated left on throne, flanked by two lions, tympanon behind, holding patera in outstretched right hand, resting with left arm on the arm of the throne.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,0-18,5 mm, weight: 3,62 g, axis:0h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: A.D., ref: Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.14.31.31., not in Pfeiffer (2013),
Q-001
quadrans
049_Septimius_Severus_(193-211_A_D_),_AE-16,_Nicopolis_Ad_Istrum,_HHJ-08_14_53_05,_Lion,_Q-001_h_15-16mm_g-s.jpg
049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.14.53.05, AE-16, Lion advancing right,62 views049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.14.53.05, AE-16, Lion advancing right,
avers:- AV-K-CEVHPOC, Laureate head right.
revers:- NIKOΠOΛI-ΠPOC-/ICTP, Lion advancing right.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 15-16mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 193-211 A.D., ref: HHJ-08.14.53.05, PB-11403-1405, HM-972,
Q-001
quadrans
05-Philip-III.jpg
05. Philip III.82 viewsTetradrachm, 323 - 317 BC, "Babylon" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. M at left, ΛΥ between the rungs of the throne.
16.99 gm., 27 mm.
P. #P181; M. #99; S. #6749.

Martin J. Price assigns this coin to the mint at "Babylon," but he says (p. 455) that coins with the M-ΛΥ monograms may have to be assigned to Susa after further study.
Callimachus
RIC_---_Julia-Domna_AR-Den_IVLIA-AVGVSTA_MATER-DEVM_Roma-RIC-IV-I---_p-_RSC-_Sear----_-AD_Q-001_h_18,0-20,0mm_-g-s.jpg
050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 564, Rome, AR-Denarius, MATER DEVM, Cybele, towered, enthroned left, Scarce, #1131 views050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 564, Rome, AR-Denarius, MATER DEVM, Cybele, towered, enthroned left, Scarce, #1
avers:- IVLIA AVGVSTA, Bust draped right.
revers:- MATER DEVM, Cybele, towered, enthroned left between two lions, leaning on drum and holding branch and scepter.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19,0mm, weight: 2,88g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 198 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-564, p-169, RSC 123, BMC 51, Sear (2000-2002) 6593, Scarce,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Julia-Domna_AR-Den_IVLIA-AVGVSTA_MATER-DEVM_Roma-RIC-565_C-126a_205-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_17-18,5mm_2,17g-s.jpg
050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 565, Rome, AR-Denarius, MATER-DEVM, Cybele seated left between two lions, 65 views050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 565, Rome, AR-Denarius, MATER-DEVM, Cybele seated left between two lions,
avers:- IVLIA-AVGVSTA, Bust draped right.
revers:- MATER-DEVM, Cybele seated left between two lions, resting elbow on drum and holding branch (no sceptre).
exe: , diameter: 17-18,5mm, weight: 2,17g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 205 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-565, p-, C-126a,
Q-001
quadrans
049_Sept__Sev__Moesia,_Markianopolis,_AE-26,_,_E,_Varb_865,_Q-001,_1h,_26-26,5mm,_11,53g-s~1.jpg
050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2014) 06.15.31.01., AE-26, Y ΦΛ OYΛΠIANOY MAΡKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Kybele seated left,110 views050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2014) 06.15.31.01., AE-26, Y ΦΛ OYΛΠIANOY MAΡKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Kybele seated left,
avers:- AY K L CEPT CEYHΡOC IOVLIA DOMNA CEB, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust of Severus right facing draped bust of Julia Domna left.
revers:- Y ΦΛ OYΛΠIANOY MAΡKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Kybele seated left, holding patera, arm resting on the drum, lions at sides. Є in left field.
exe: Є/-//--, diameter: 26,0-26,5 mm, weight: 11,53 g, axis:1h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, Magistrate Ulpianus (210-211 AD), date: 210-211 A.D., ref: Hristova/Jekov (2014) 06.15.31.01., Varbanov 865,
Q-001
quadrans
Julia_Domna,_Phrygia_Philomelion_Julia_Domna_Tyche_Q-001_6h,_5,30_g_,_22_mm-s~0.jpg
050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Phrygia, Philomelion, BMC 14, AE-22, Tyche standing left,98 views050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Phrygia, Philomelion, BMC 14, AE-22, Tyche standing left,
avers:- IOVΛIA ΔOMNA CEB, Draped bust right .
revers:- ΦIΛOMHΛ EΠI AΔΡIANOY, Tyche standing left holding rudder and cornucopiae.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 5,30g, axis:6 h,
mint: Phrygia, Philomelion, date: 170-217 A.D., ref: BMC 14; Sear GIC 2416.
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG_INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G_INCARTH_RIC-IV-I-130a-p231_C-96-97_Rome_201-206-AD_Q-001_axis-7h_18-18,5mm_2,91g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 130a, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH,108 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 130a, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH,
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate draped head right.
revers:- INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G/INCARTH, Dea Caelestis riding lion right over flowing water, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exe: -/-//INCARTH, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 2,91g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 201-206 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-130a, p-231,
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG_INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G_INCARTH_RIC-IV-I-130a-p231_C-96-97_Rome_201-206-AD_Q-002_6h_18,5-20mm_2,93g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 130a, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH, (but base metal, "limes" ?),144 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 130a, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate draped head right.
revers:- INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G/INCARTH, Dea Caelestis riding lion right over flowing water, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exe: -/-//INCARTH, diameter: 18,5-20mm, weight: 2,931g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 201-206 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-130a, p-231, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG_INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G_INCARTH_RIC-IV-I-130a-p231_C-96-97_Rome_201-206-AD_Q-002_6h_18,5-20mm_2,93g-s~0.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 130a, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH, (but base metal, "limes" ?),121 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 130a, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate draped head right.
revers:- INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G/INCARTH, Dea Caelestis riding lion right over flowing water, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exe: -/-//INCARTH, diameter: 18,5-20mm, weight: 2,931g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 201-206 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-130a, p-231, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT_P-M-TR-P-XVI-COS-IIII-P-P_RIC-IV-I-206a-p-241_C-220_Rome_213-AD_Q-001_axis-1h_18,5-19mm_2,96g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 206a, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVI COS IIII P P, Hercules standing left, 90 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 206a, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVI COS IIII P P, Hercules standing left,
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT, Laureate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVI-COS-IIII-P-P, Hercules standing left, holding branch and club with lion skin.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 2,96g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 213 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-206a, p-241, C-220,
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AE-As_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XX-COS-IIII-P-P_S-C_RIC-IV-I-571a-p-307_C-_Rome_214-17-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-0h_xx8mm_x,xxga-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 571a, Rome, AE-As, P M TR P XX COS IIII P P, Radiate lion walking left, Scarce!112 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 571a, Rome, AE-As, P M TR P XX COS IIII P P, Radiate lion walking left, Scarce!
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XX-COS-IIII-P-P, Radiate lion walking left with thunderbolt in its jaws.
exe: -/-//S-C, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 214-217 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-571a, p-, C-, Scarce!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
051_Caracalla_AE-27____W____C_-PIOC-AVGVSTOC_KVNTI_LIANOC_MAPKIAPOLITWN_AMNG_I_648;_Varbanov_975__Q-001_axis-1h_25,5-26,5mm_8,98g-s~0.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Moesia, Markianopolis, AMNG-I-648; Varbanov-975,p, AE-23, Garlands Decorated table62 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Moesia, Markianopolis, AMNG-I-648; Varbanov-975,p, AE-23, 975,ΚYΝΤΙΛΛΙΑΝΟΥ-ΜΑΡΚΙΑΝΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ, Garlands Decorated table
avers:- ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝΟC-ΠIOC-ΑΥΓΟΥCTOC, laureate head of the Caracalla left.
revers:- ΥΠ-ΚYΝΤΙΛΛΙΑΝΟΥ-ΜΑΡΚΙΑΝΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ, Garlands Decorated table with lion feet, it altar on which stands an eagle with open wings, left and right a banner.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25,5-26,5mm, weight: 8,98g, axis: 1h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: AD., ref: AMNG-I-648; Varbanov-975,
a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 648 var. (different legend break)
obv. AMNG I/1, 646 var. (different legend breaks)
b) Hristova/Jekov (2013) 6.18.47.7 (same dies)
c) Pfeiffer (2013) 134 (same dies)
Q-001
quadrans
056_Elagabalus_(218-222_A_D_),_AE-16,_Markianopolis-Moesia-AYT-K-M-AVP-ANT_NEINOC_MARKIANO_OLIT_-N_H-J-6_26_53_2-rev-var__Q-001_0h_15,5-16,5mm_2,87g-s~0.jpg
056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova-Jekov 6.26.53.2var. (revers variation), AE-16, MARKIANOΠOLITΩ/N, Lion advancing right.119 views056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova-Jekov 6.26.53.2var. (revers variation), AE-16, MARKIANOΠOLITΩ/N, Lion advancing right.
avers: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC (NE ligate) , Laureate head right.
revers: MARKIANOΠOLITΩ/N, Lion advancing right.
exe: -/-//N, diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 2,87g, axis: 0h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: 218 A.D.,
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) not in Hristova/Jekov (2014):
rev. not listed
obv. e.g. No. 6.26.53.2
d) not in Pfeiffer (2013)
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
12.jpg
057a MAXIMIANUS16 views EMPEROR: Maximianus
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG. Helmeted, cuirassed bust right
REVERSE VIRTVTI AVGG. Hercule standing right, strangling the Nemean lion
EXERGUE: -/-//-
MINT: Lugdunum
WEIGHT:
RIC: 454
Barnaba6
06-Alex-Amphipolis-P124.jpg
06. "Amphipolis": Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.35 viewsTetradrachm, ca 320 - 317 BC, "Amphipolis" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Branch of laurel at left, Π under throne.
17.33 gm., 25 mm.
P. #124; M. #560.

Alexander appointed Antipater regent in Macedon during his absence. After Alexander's death in 323 BC, Antipater continued ruling as regent until his own death in 319 BC. Most coins issued in Macedon during this time continued to be in the name of Alexander.
Callimachus
RI_064mg_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Ae As - RIC 764A43 viewsObv:- SEVERVS PIVS AVG P M TR P XII, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- To left, Bacchus standing right, holding cup and thyrsos, a panther at his feet; to right, Hercules standing left, holding club and lion's skin; on cippus between them, COS / III / LVD / SAEC / FEC , in exergue, S C.
Minted in Rome in A.D. 204 to celebrate the Seacular games with Septimus' hometown gods Liber and Hercules as patrons of his games.
Reference:- RIC IV, Part 1, No. 764A (Rated R2)

A rough example but a rare type.

Curtis Clay's die catalogue includes ten specimens of this coin, all from the same obverse die, nine of them from the same reverse die of this coin, one from a second reverse die.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064nw_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -45 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– VICT AVG TR P II COS II P P, Victory walking right, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in Rome. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC 690b (citing Gnecchi Coll., Rome)

Additional information courtesy of Curtis Clay:-
"I know a couple of other specimens too, BM probably has one from me and I may have another in my new collection.

Still very rare and interesting, IMP II generally rare on Rome-mint denarii, a muled obv.-rev. combination because COS II means after 1 Jan. 194, but the medallions prove that Septimius' IMP III must have already been known in Rome by about 25 Dec. 193."
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064bp img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 09751 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– HERCVLI DEFENS, Hercules standing right, resting on club and holding bow and lion-skin on left arm
Minted in Rome. A.D. 197
Reference:– RIC 97. RSC 212
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064ix_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 09728 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– HERCVLI DEFENS, Hercules standing right, resting on club and holding bow and lion-skin on left arm
Minted in Rome. A.D. 197
Reference:– RIC 97. RSC 212
maridvnvm
RI 064t img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 26642 viewsObv:– SEVERVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– INDVLGENTIA AVGG / IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis, goddess of Carthage, with elaborate headdress, looking front, riding right on springing lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, water gushing from rocks at left below
Minted in Rome, A.D. 203
References:– RIC 266 (Common), RCV02 6285, RSC222
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064lb_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 26620 viewsObv:- SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate bust right
Rev:- INDVLGENTIA AVGG / IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis, goddess of Carthage, with elaborate headdress, looking front, riding right on springing lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, water gushing from rocks at left below
Minted in Rome, A.D. 203
Reference:– RIC 266. RSC 222.
maridvnvm
RI_064lj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 26626 viewsObv:- SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate bust right
Rev:- INDVLGENTIA AVGG / IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis, goddess of Carthage, with elaborate headdress, looking front, riding right on springing lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, water gushing from rocks at left below
Minted in Rome, A.D. 203
Reference:– RIC 266. RSC 222.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064md_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 27441 viewsDenarius
Obv:– SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– LAETITIA above, TEMPORVM below, ship with mast and fittings, sail raised, gangway to ground; above, four quadrigae; below, bird, lion, zebra, bear, stag, bull and a bear
Minted in Rome. A.D. 206
Reference:– BMC 343. RIC 274. RSC 253.

ex CGB.fr

Updated image.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064md_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 27427 viewsDenarius
Obv:– SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– LAETITIA above, TEMPORVM below, ship with mast and fittings, sail raised, gangway to ground; above, four quadrigae; below, bird, lion, zebra, bear, stag, bull and a bear
Minted in Rome. A.D. 206
Reference:– BMC 343. RIC 274. RSC 253.

ex CGB.fr
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 066a img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 130d66 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate bust right, draped
Rev:– INDVLGENTIA AVGG, Dea Caelestis, holding thunderbolt and scepter, riding lion over waters gushing from rock on left. Exe: IN CARTH
Minted in Rome, A.D. 204-205
References:– VM 29, RIC 130D, RCV02 6806, RSC 97
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 066ak img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 206a 18 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XVI COS IIII P P, Hercules standing left,holding club and lion skin plus a branch in right hand
Minted in Rome. A.D. 213
Reference:– Van Meter 60/2. RIC 206a. RCV02 6828. RSC 220.
maridvnvm
GI_066j_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Tetdradrachm - Hierapolis - Prieur 92618 viewsSilver Tetradrachm
Obv:- AYT K M A - ANTWNINOC - CEN, Laureate head right
Rev:- DHMARX EX Y PATOCTO D, Eagle standing facing, head right, wings open, wreath in beak, lion walking right between legs
Minted in Hierapolis (modern day Membij). A.D. 215-217 (Prieur)
Reference:- Prieur 926 (18 examples cited)
maridvnvm
67c.jpg
067c Gordian III. AE 2314 viewsobv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG rad. drp. bust r.
rev: PM S COL VIM std. figure in middle of bull and lion
ex: ANII
AMNG I 177 / 240-241AD
hill132
07-Alex-Pella-P250.jpg
07. "Pella": Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.31 viewsTetradrachm, ca 315 - 310 BC, "Pella" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Boeotian shield at left, Σ. between the rungs of the throne.
17.24 gm., 26 mm.
P. #250; PROa #135.

Alexander appointed Antipater regent in Macedon during his absence. After Alexander's death in 323 BC, Antipater continued ruling as regent until his own death in 319 BC. Thereafter his son Kassander ruled until 297 BC, eventually taking the title of King in 305 BC. He was notorious for his cruelty, and in 311 BC he killed Alexander's widow and her young son. The silver coinage of Kassander's reign was all issued in the name of Alexander.
Callimachus
Gordianus-III_AG-Ant_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_VIRTVTI-AVGVSTI_RIC-IV-III-95-p-25_RSC-404__Rome__241-243-AD_Q-001_6h__22-23mm_4,29g-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 095, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, VIRTVTI-AVGVSTI, Hercules standing right,76 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 095, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, VIRTVTI-AVGVSTI, Hercules standing right,
avers: IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: VIRTVTI-AVGVSTI, Hercules, naked, standing right, right hand on hip, left hand on club on rock, lion-skin beside club.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 4,29g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D.(4th. Issue), ref: RIC IV-III-95, p-25, RSC-404,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-24_Dup_IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSC-O-L-VIM_AN-dot-I-dot_239-40_Pick-73_PM-1-02-1_Mus-x_Q-005_1h_24-24,3mm_5,55g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-02-01, -/-//AN •I•, AE-Dupondius, #5105 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-02-01, -/-//AN •I•, AE-Dupondius, #5
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC-O-L-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo: -/-//AN •I•, diameter: 24-24,3mm, weight: 5,55g, axis: 1h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 239-240 A.D., ref: Pick-073, PM-1-02-1,
Q-005
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-22_IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSCO-L-VIM_AN-_I__Pick-072_PM-1-02-1_Mus--_239-240-AD__Q-001_22mm_5,33g-sa~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-02-01, AE-Dupondius, #161 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-02-01, AE-Dupondius, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSCO-L-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo:AN •I•, diameter: 22mm, weight: 5,33g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 239-240 A.D., ref: Pick-072, PM-1-02-1,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-22_IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSCO-L-VIM_AN-_I__Pick-072_PM-1-02-1_Mus--_239-240-AD__Q-002_22mm_x,xxg-sa~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-02-01, AE-Dupondius, #262 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-02-01, AE-Dupondius, #2
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSCO-L-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo: AN •I•, diameter: 22mm, weight: 5,33g, axis h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 239-240 AD., ref: Pick-072, PM-1-02-1,
Q-002
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-21_Dup_IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-dotIdotIdotIdot_241_Pick-0_PM-1-xx-1_Mus-x_Q-002_axis-0h_29-31mm_xx,93g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-02-01, AE-Dupondius, #362 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-02-01, AE-Dupondius, #3
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSCO-L-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo:AN •I•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 239-240 A.D., ref: Pick-073, PM-1-02-1,
Q-003
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-21_Dup_IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-dotIdotIdotIdot_241_Pick-0_PM-1-xx-1_Mus-x_Q-003_axis-0h_29-31mm_xx,93g-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-02-01, AE-Dupondius, #462 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-02-01, AE-Dupondius, #4
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSCO-L-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo:AN •I•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 239-240 A.D., ref: Pick-073, PM-1-02-1,
Q-004
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-20-AS-_IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSCO-L-VIM_AN-_I__Pick-073_PM-1-03-1_Mus--239-240-AD_Q-001_h_20mm_4,77gx-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-03-01, AE-As, #163 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-03-01, AE-As, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSCO-L-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo:AN •I•, diameter: 20mm, weight: 4,77g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 239-240 A.D., ref: Pick-073, PM-1-03-1,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-20-AS-_IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSCO-L-VIM_AN-_I__Pick-073_PM-1-03-1_Mus--239-240-AD__Q-002_h_mm_g-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-03-01, AE-As, #263 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-03-01, AE-As, #2
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSCO-L-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo:AN •I•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 239-240 A.D., ref: Pick-073, PM-1-03-1,
Q-002
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-20-AS-_IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSCO-L-VIM_AN-_I__Pick-073_PM-1-03-1_Mus--239-240-AD__Q-003_h_mm_g-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-03-01, AE-As, #363 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-03-01, AE-As, #3
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSCO-L-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo:AN •I•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 239-240 A.D., ref: Pick-073, PM-1-03-1,
Q-003
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-20-AS-_IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSCO-L-VIM_AN-_I__Pick-073_PM-1-03-2_Mus--239-240-AD__Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-03-02, AE-As, #163 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-03-02, AE-As, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSCO-L-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo:AN I, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 239-240 A.D., ref: Pick-073, PM-1-03-2,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-21_Dup_IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSCO-L-VIM_AN-dotIIdot_Pick-77_PM-1-09-2_Mus-x_Q-0x1_h_mm_93gx-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-09-02, AE-Dupondius, #166 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-09-02, AE-Dupondius, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSCO-L-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo:AN •II•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 240-241 A.D., ref: Pick-077, PM-1-09-2,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-21_Dup_IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-dotIdotIdotIdot_241_Pick-0_PM-1-xx-1_Mus-x_Q-004_axis-0h_29-31mm_xx,93g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-09-03, AE-Dupondius, #162 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-09-03, AE-Dupondius, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSCO-L-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo:-/-//AN II, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 240-241 A.D., ref: Pick-077, PM-1-09-3,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-20-AS-_IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSCO-L-VIM_AN-II_Pick-078_PM-1-10-3_Mus---AD_Q-0x1_h_mm_gx-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-10-03, AE-As, #163 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-10-03, AE-As, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSCO-L-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo:AN II, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 240-241 A.D., ref: Pick-078, PM-1-10-3,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-20-AS-_IMP-CAES-M-ANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSCO-L-VIM_AN-_I_I__Pick-Not-in_PM-1-16-1_Mus-Not-in_240-241-AD_Q-001_7h_20-21mm_4,41ga-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-16-01, AE-As, Lion are sitting, Rare!!!, #162 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-16-01, AE-As, Lion are sitting, Rare!!!, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSCO-L-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side, the lion are sitting and holding its leg !!!.
exergo:AN •I•I•, diameter: 20mm, weight: 4,41g, axis: 7h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 240-241 A.D., ref: Pick-Not-in, PM-1-16-1, Rare!!
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-32_IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-_I_I_I__241_Pick-079_PM-1-21-5_Mus-32v_Q-001_h_32mm_15,86gx-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-21-03, AE-Sestertius, #0167 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-21-03, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMSC_OL-VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN •I•I•I• regnal year III.
exergo: AN •I•I•I•, diameter: 32mm, weight: 15,86g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 241-242 AD., ref: Pick-79, PM-1-21-3, Mus-32var,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-21_Dup_IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-dotIdotIdotIdot_241_Pick-0_PM-1-xx-1_Mus-x_Q-001_axis-0h_29-31mm_xx,93ga-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-23-02, AE-Dupondius, #162 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-23-02, AE-Dupondius, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC-OL-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo: AN•I•I•I•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 241-242 A.D., ref: Pick-80, PM-1-23-2,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-30_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-III_241_Pick-081_PM-1-25-1_Mus-x_Q-001_0h_30-31mm_xx,93g-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-25-01, -/-//AN III, AE-Sestertius, #0171 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-25-01, -/-//AN III, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMSC_OL-VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN III regnal year III.
exergo: AN III, diameter: 30mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 241-242 A.D., ref: Pick-81, PM-1-25-1, Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM,_Gordianus-III,_AE-30,_IMP_GORDIANVS_PIVS_FELIX_AVG,_PMSC_OL_VIM,_AN-III,_241_AD,_Pick-081,_PM-1-25-7,_Mus-x,_Q-003_1h_29,5mm_17,42g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-25-07, -/-//AN III, AE-Sestertius, #03108 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-25-07, -/-//AN III, AE-Sestertius, #03
avers:- IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FELIX AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMSC OL VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN III regnal year III.
exergo: -/-//AN III, diameter: 29,5mm, weight: 17,42g, axis: 1h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 241-242 A.D., ref: Pick-81, PM-1-25-7, Mus-,
Q-003
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-30_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-III_241_Pick-082_PM-1-29-1_Mus-x_Q-001_0h_21mm_xx,xxg-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-29-01, AE-Dupondius, #163 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-29-01, AE-Dupondius, #1
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC-OL-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo: AN III, diameter: 22mm, weight: 5,33g, axis h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 241-242 A.D., ref: Pick-082, PM-1-29-1,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_Dup_AE-24_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-III_241-42_Pick-080_PM-1-23-1_Mus-33_Q-001_h_24mm_5,66gx-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-29-01, AE-Dupondius, #266 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-29-01, AE-Dupondius, #2
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC_OL-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo: AN III, diameter: 24mm, weight: 5,66g, axis h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 241-242 AD., ref: Pick-082, PM-1-29-1, Mus-33var,
Q-002
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-30_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-IIII_241_Pick-083_PM-1-31-1_Mus-33_Q-001_h_30mm_17_38g-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-31-01, AE-Sestertius, #0163 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-31-01, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMSC_OL-VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN IIII regnal year IIII.
exergo: AN IIII, diameter: 30mm, weight: 17,38g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., ref: Pick-83, PM-1-31-1, Mus-33var,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-30_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-IIII_241_Pick-083_PM-1-31-1_Mus-33_Q-002_0h_30-31mm_xx,93g-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-31-01, AE-Sestertius, #0266 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-31-01, AE-Sestertius, #02
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMSC_OL-VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN IIII regnal year IIII.
exergo: AN IIII, diameter: 30mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., ref: Pick-83, PM-1-31-1, Mus-33var,
Q-002
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-30_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-IIII_241_Pick-083_PM-1-31-1_Mus-33_Q-003_0h_29-31mm_24,93g-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-31-01, AE-Sestertius, #0367 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-31-01, AE-Sestertius, #03
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMSC_OL-VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN IIII regnal year IIII.
exergo: AN IIII, diameter: 29-31 mm, weight: 24,93 g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., ref: Pick-83, PM-1-31-1, Mus-32var,
Q-003
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-30_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-IIII_241_Pick-083_PM-1-31-1_Mus-33_Q-004_0h_31-32mm_xx,yyg-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-31-01, AE-Sestertius, #0474 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-31-01, AE-Sestertius, #04
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMSC_OL-VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN IIII regnal year IIII.
exergo: AN IIII, diameter: 30mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., ref: Pick-83, PM-1-31-1, Mus-33var,
Q-004
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-21_Dup_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-dotIdotIdotIdot_241_Pick-84_PM-1-32-1_Mus-x_242-243-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_29-31mm_xx,93g-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-32-01, AE-Dupondius, #175 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-32-01, AE-Dupondius, #1
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC-OL-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo:AN IIII, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., ref: Pick-084, PM-1-32-1,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-21_Dup_IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-dotIdotIdotIdot_241_Pick-0_PM-1-xx-1_Mus-x_Q-007_axis-0h_29-31mm_xx,93g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-32-01, AE-Dupondius, #264 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-32-01, AE-Dupondius, #2
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC-OL-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo:AN IIII, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., ref: Pick-084, PM-1-32-1,
Q-002
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-21_Dup_IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-dotIdotIdotIdot_241_Pick-0_PM-1-xx-1_Mus-x_Q-005_axis-0h_29-31mm_xx,93g-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-32-01, AE-Dupondius, #363 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-32-01, AE-Dupondius, #3
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC-OL-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo:AN IIII, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., ref: Pick-084, PM-1-32-1,
Q-003
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-21_Dup_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-IIII_241_Pick-84_PM-1-32-1_Mus-x_242-243-AD_Q-0x2_h_mm_gx-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-32-01, AE-Dupondius, #562 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-32-01, AE-Dupondius, #5
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC-OL-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo: AN IIII, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., ref: Pick-084, PM-1-32-1,
Q-005
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-21_Dup_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-IIII_241_Pick-84_PM-1-32-1_Mus-x_242-243-AD_Q-0x1_h_mm_gx-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-32-01, AE-Dupondius, #663 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-32-01, AE-Dupondius, #6
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC-OL-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo: AN IIII, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., ref: Pick-084, PM-1-32-1,
Q-006
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-30_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-IIII_241_Pick-083_PM-1-36-1_Mus-33_Q-001_1h_28-30mm_16,13ga-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-36-01, AE-Sestertius, #0164 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-36-01, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMSC-OL-VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN IIII regnal year IIII.
exergo: -/-//AN-IIII, diameter: 28-30mm, weight: 16,13g, axis: 1h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., ref: Pick-83, PM-1-36-1, Mus-33var,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-30_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMS_C_O_L-VIM_AN-IIII_Vexillum_241_Pick-080_PM-1-38-1_Mus-31_Q-001_19,30g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-38-01, AE-Sestertius, Vexillum, Rare!, #01 61 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-38-01, AE-Sestertius, Vexillum, Rare!, #01
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from the back .
revers:- PMS_C_O_L-VIM, Moesia standing half left, between bull to left and lion to right, holding vexillum marked IIII in left hand and vexillum marked VII in right hand, date AN IIII in exergo.
exergo: AN IIII, diameter: 30mm, weight: 19,30g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., regnal year IIII., ref: Pick-085, PM-1-38-1, Mus-31,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-30_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMS_C_O_L-VIM_AN-IIII_Vexillum_241_Pick-080_PM-1-38-1_Mus-31_Q-002_20,02g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-38-01, AE-Sestertius, Vexillum, Rare!, #0272 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-38-01, AE-Sestertius, Vexillum, Rare!, #02
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from the back.
revers:- PMS_C_O_L-VIM, Moesia standing half left, between bull to left and lion to right, holding vexillum marked IIII in left hand and vexillum marked VII in right hand, date AN IIII in exergo.
exergo: AN IIII, diameter: 30mm, weight: 19,30g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., regnal year IIII., ref: Pick-085, PM-1-38-1, Mus-31,
Q-002
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-21-Dup_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMS_C_O_L-VIM_AN-IIII_Vexillum_Pick-86_PM-1-39-1_Mus-xx_242-43-AD_Q-001_h_21mm_x0,0g-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-39-01, AE-Dupondius, Vexillum, Rare!, #0176 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-39-01, AE-Dupondius, Vexillum, Rare!, #01
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from the back .
revers:- PMS_C_O_L-VIM, Moesia standing half left, between bull to left and lion to right, holding vexillum marked IIII in left hand and vexillum marked VII in right hand, date AN IIII in exergo.
exergo: AN IIII, diameter: mm, weight: ,g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 AD. regnal year IIII., ref: Pick-, PM-1-39-1, Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-21-Dup_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMS_C_O_L-VIM_AN-IIII_Vexillum_Pick-86_PM-1-39-1_Mus-xx_242-43-AD_Q-003_axis-h_mm_x0,0g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-39-01, AE-Dupondius, Vexillum, Rare!, #0263 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-39-01, AE-Dupondius, Vexillum, Rare!, #02
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from the back .
revers:- PMS_C_O_L-VIM, Moesia standing half left, between bull to left and lion to right, holding vexillum marked IIII in left hand and vexillum marked VII in right hand, date AN IIII in exergo.
exergo: AN IIII, diameter: mm, weight: ,g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 AD. regnal year IIII., ref: Pick-, PM-1-39-1, Mus-,
Q-002
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-21-Dup_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMS_C_O_L-VIM_AN-IIII_Vexillum_Pick-86_PM-1-39-1_Mus-xx_242-43-AD_Q-002_axis-h_mm_x0,0g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-39-01, AE-Dupondius, Vexillum, Rare!, #0365 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-39-01, AE-Dupondius, Vexillum, Rare!, #03
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from the back .
revers:- PMS_C_O_L-VIM, Moesia standing half left, between bull to left and lion to right, holding vexillum marked IIII in left hand and vexillum marked VII in right hand, date AN IIII in exergo.
exergo: AN IIII, diameter: mm, weight: ,g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 AD. regnal year IIII., ref: Pick-, PM-1-39-1, Mus-,
Q-003
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-21_Dup_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMS-C_O-LVIM_AN-IIII_241_Pick-0_PM-1-xx-1_Mus-x_Q-001_axis-1h_24,5-25,5mm_8,23g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-45-01, AE-Dupondius, Bull and Lion standing at stand, Extremely rare!!!67 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-45-01, AE-Dupondius, Bull and Lion standing at stand, Extremely rare!!!
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMS-C-O-LVIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, holding patera in the right hand over altar, left hand holding spear downwards, bull and lion standing at stand on either side.
exergo:AN IIII, diameter: 24,5-25,5mm, weight: 8,23g, axis: 1h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., ref: Pick-091, PM-1-45-1,
Q-001
quadrans
072-Gordian-III_AE-19_Prov_MANT-GORDIANOC____ATIANON_AD_Q-001_1h_18-19,5mm_4,39g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Kallatis, Varbanov 358 (but smaller), AE-19, Cybele riding on lion right,62 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Kallatis, Varbanov 358 (but smaller), AE-19, Cybele riding on lion right,
avers:- M-ANT-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC-N, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian-III right.
revers:- KAΛΛ-ATIA_NΩΝ (ΝΩ ligate), Cybele holding sceptre, riding on back of lion walking right.
exe: -/-//NΩΝ, diameter: 18-19,5mm, weight: 4,39g, axis:1h,
mint: Thrace, Kallatis, date: 238-244 A.D., ref: Varbanov 358 (but smaller), Pick 347,
Q-001
quadrans
Philippus-I__AR-Ant_IMP-PHILIPPVS-AVG_SAECVLARES-AVG-G_I_RIC-12_Q-001_axis-0h_23mm_3,75g-m.jpg
074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0012, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, -/-//I, SAECVLARES AVG G, Lion walking right, #1,289 views074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0012, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, -/-//I, SAECVLARES AVG G, Lion walking right, #1,
avers:- IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SAECVLARES AVG G, Lion walking right.
exergo: -/-//I, diameter: 23,0 mm, weight: 3,75 g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 248 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-012, P-70, RSC-173, Sear 2569,
Q-001
This was minted to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of the founding of Rome, which was celebrated on April 21st, A.D. 248.
4 commentsquadrans
Philippus-I__AR-Ant_IMP-PHILIPPVS-AVG_SECVLARES-AVG-G_I_RIC-12_Q-002_6h_22-22,5mm_3,04g-s.jpg
074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0012, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, -/-//I, SAECVLARES AVG G, Lion walking right, #2,67 views074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0012, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, -/-//I, SAECVLARES AVG G, Lion walking right, #2,
avers:- IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SAECVLARES AVG G, Lion walking right.
exergo: -/-//I, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,04 g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 248 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-012, P-70, RSC-173, Sear 2569,
Q-002
This was minted to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of the founding of Rome, which was celebrated on April 21st, A.D. 248.
quadrans
DAC_Philippus_AE-27_IMP-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_PROVI-N-CIA-DA-CIA_AN-dotIIdot_Pick-12_PM-2-63-1_Mus-_Q-001_1h_27,5mm_13,51ga-s~0.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 02-63-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//AN•II•, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare! #1105 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 02-63-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//AN•II•, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare! #1
avers: IMP IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
reverse: PROVI N CIA DA CIA, Dacia sitting left, holding two standards, between an eagle and a lion, Year AN II in exergue.
exergue: -/-//AN•II•, diameter: 27,5mm, weight: 13,51g, axis: 1h,
mint: Dacia, date: 247-248 A.D., ref: Pick-12, PM-2-63-1, Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
D-074_Philippus-I__(244-249_A_D_),_AE-28,_IMP_M_IVL_PHILIPPVS_AVG,_PROV_INC_IA_D_ACIA,_AN-III,_Pick-16,_PM-2-67-22,_Mus-R,_Q-001,_1h,_28mm,_14,20g-s~0.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 02-67-22, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANIII, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare! #178 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 02-67-22, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANIII, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare! #1
avers: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Laureate, draped bust right.
reverse: PROV INC IA D ACIA, Dacia stands left in long chiton and Phrygian cap, curved sword in right, standard inscribed V in right, on left standard inscribed XIII and eagle head right wreath in beak, on right lion walking left.
exergue: -/-//ANIII, diameter: 28,0mm, weight: 14,20g, axis: 1h,
mint: Dacia, date: 248-249 A.D.,
ref: Pick-16, PM-2-67-22,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
D-074_Philippus-I__(244-249_A_D_),_AE-27_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_PROVI-N-CIA-DACIA_AN-III_Pick-16_PM-2-67-23_Mus-R_Q-001_1h_26-27mm_11,90g-s~0.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 02-67-23, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANIII, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare! #1206 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 02-67-23, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANIII, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare! #1
avers: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Laureate, draped bust right.
reverse: PROV INC IA DA CIA, Dacia stands left in long chiton and Phrygian cap, curved sword in right, standard inscribed XIII in left, on left standard inscribed V and eagle head right wreath in beak, on right lion walking left.
exergue: -/-//ANIII, diameter: 26-27mm, weight: 11,90g, axis: 1h,
mint: Dacia, date: 248-249 A.D., ref: Pick-16, PM-2-67-23, SGICV 3873v, BMC 6v, Moushmov 1,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Philippus-I_AE-30_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-V_243-44_Pick-100_PM-2-09-1_Mus-_Q-001_h_mm_g-s~0.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-09-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANV, PMS C OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left #0164 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-09-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANV, PMS C OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left #01
avers:- IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMS C OL VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN V regnal year V.
exe: -/-//ANV, diameter: 28,5-29,5mm, weight: 20,68g, axis: 6h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 243-244 A.D., ref: Pick-100, PM-2-09-1, Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Philippus-I_AE-30_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-VI_244-45_Pick-102_PM-2-12-1_Mus-36_Q-001_h_30mm_15_86gx-s.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-12-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANVI, PMS C OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left #0170 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-12-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANVI, PMS C OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left #01
avers:- IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMS C OL IM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN VI regnal year VI.
exergo: -/-//ANVI, diameter: 30mm, weight: 15,86g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 244-245 A.D., ref: Pick-102, PM-2-12-1, Mus-36,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Philippus-I_AE-30_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-VI_244-45_Pick-102_PM-2-12-1_Mus-36_Q-002_h_30mm_17_95g-s.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-12-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANVI, PMS C OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left #0263 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-12-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANVI, PMS C OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left #02
avers:- IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMS C OL IM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN VI regnal year VI.
exergo: -/-//ANVI, diameter: 30mm, weight: 17,95g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 244-245 A.D., ref: Pick-102, PM-2-12-1, Mus-36,
Q-002
quadrans
VIM_Philippus-I_AE-30_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIN_AN-VII_245-46_Pick-103_PM-2-14-4_Mus-_Q-0x1_axis-h_mm_gx-s~0.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-14-04, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANVII, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left #0198 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-14-04, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANVII, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left #01
avers:- IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMSC OL VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN VII regnal year VII.
exergo: -/-//ANVII, diameter: mm, axis: h, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 245-246 A.D., ref: Pick-103, PM-2-14-04, Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
Phil-xy_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-17-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANVIIII, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left #0166 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-17-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANVIIII, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left #01
avers:- IMP M IVL HILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMSC OL VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN VIIII regnal year VIIII.
exergo: -/-//ANVIIII, diameter: mm, axis: h, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 247-248 A.D., ref: Pick-105, PM-2-17-01, Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Philippus-I_AE-dup_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIN_AN-VIII_246-47_Pick-118_PM-2-28-1_Mus-_Q-0x1_h_mm_gx-s~0.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-28-01, AE-Dupondius, -/-//ANVIII, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left #0175 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-28-01, AE-Dupondius, -/-//ANVIII, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left #01
avers:- IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMSC OL VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN VIII regnal year VIII.
exergo: -/-//ANVIII, diameter: mm, axis: h, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 246-247 A.D., ref: Pick-, PM-2-28-01, Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Philippus-I_AE-dup_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-VIII_246-47_Pick-118_PM-2-28-1_Mus-_Q-0x2_h_mm_gx-s~0.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-28-01, AE-Dupondius, -/-//ANVIII, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left #0272 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-28-01, AE-Dupondius, -/-//ANVIII, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left #02
avers:- IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMSC OL VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN VIII regnal year VIII.
exergo: -/-//ANVIII, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 246-247 A.D., ref: Pick-, PM-2-28-01, Mus-,
Q-002
quadrans
VIM_Philippus-I_AE-dup_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-VIIII_246-47_Pick-118_PM-2-31-1_Mus-_Q-0x1_h_mm_gx-s~0.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-31-01, AE-Dupondius, -/-//ANVIIII, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left #0163 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-31-01, AE-Dupondius, -/-//ANVIIII, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left #01
avers:- IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMSC OL VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN VIIII regnal year VIIII.
exergo: -/-//ANVIIII, diameter: mm, axis: h, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 247-248 A.D., ref: Pick-, PM-2-31-01, Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
075_Otacilia-Severa_AE-22_M-WTAKIL-CEOVHPA_CHVxxxLIWN-NEWKOPWN_Mushm-_Q-001_6h_22mm_4,26g-s.jpg
075p Otacilia Severa (? - 249? A.D.), Ionia, Smyrna, (third Neokoros), BMC 445, AE-22, Herakles,60 views075p Otacilia Severa (? - 249? A.D.), Ionia, Smyrna, (third Neokoros), BMC 445, AE-22, Herakles,
avers: - Μ-ΟΤΑΚΙΛ-CΕΟΥHΡΑ,
revers: - CMΥRNAIΩN Γ NEΩKORΩN, ( Γ are = third Neokoros), Herakles, naked, standing left, holding kantharos and club, lionskin over arm.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22 mm, weight: 4,26 g, axis: 6 h,
mint: Ionia, Smyrna, date: B.C., ref: SNG Aulock 2232 (same obv. die), same obvers are Gordian III, SNG vA 2230 or BMC 445,
Q-001
quadrans
076_Philippus-II__AE-16_M_IVL_PHILIPPVS_CAES_C_F_P_D_Lion_Thrace-Deultum_Yur-508-B-II,_Varb-3129_Q-001_0h_15,5-17mm_3,06ga-s~0.jpg
076pa Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), Thrace, Deultum, Varb-3129, AE-16, C F/P D, Lion advancing right. #1135 views076pa Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), Thrace, Deultum, Varb-3129, AE-16, C F/P D, Lion advancing right. #1
avers:- M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- C F/P D, Lion advancing right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 15,5-17,0mm, weight: 3,06g, axis:0h,
mint: Thrace, Deultum, date: A.D., ref: Varbanov (engl.) 3129, Yorukova 508-B/II,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
VIM_Philippus-II_AE-30_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_PMS-C_OL-VIM_AN-XI_244-45_Pick-108_PM-2-34-1_Mus-36_Q-001_h_28-29mm_17_95gz-s.jpg
076pb Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-34-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXI, PMS C OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left, Rare! #163 views076pb Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 02-34-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXI, PMS C OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left, Rare! #1
avers:- IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMS C OL VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; In right hand holding glob on Victory and in the left hand Sceptre, in ex. AN XI regnal year XI.
exergo: -/-//ANXI, diameter: 28,0-29,0mm, weight: 17,95g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 249-250 A.D., ref: Pick-, PM-2-34-01, Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
J-Domna-RIC-564.jpg
077. Julia Domna.11 viewsDenarius, ca 198 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IVLIA AVGVSTA / Bust of Domna.
Reverse: MATER DEVM / Cybele, sitting on throne between two lions, holding branch and sceptre, arm resting on drum.
3.29 gm., 19 mm.
RIC #564; Sear #6593

The appearance of Cybele on the above coin shows Domna's interest in eastern religions. The various attributes of personifications and gods on the reverse of Roman coins were often associated with the person pictured on the obverse of the coin. In this case, the words MATER DEVM (Mother of the gods) applied to Domna is interesting since her sons were Caracalla and Geta.
Callimachus
DAC_Traianus-Decius_AE-27_IMP-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG_PROVI-N-CIA-DACIA_AN-V_Pick-na_PM-7-54-1_Mus-na_rare_Q-001_6h_28mm_13,40g-s.jpg
079p Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 03-56-02, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANV, PROVIN CIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, #166 views079p Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 03-56-02, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANV, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, #1
avers: IMP TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
reverse: PROVIN CIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, holding branch in right hand, transverse sceptre surmounted by a small figure of victory in left hand, between an eagle and a lion, emblems of legions V (eagle) and XIII (lion). Year AN V in ex.
exergue: -/-//ANV, diameter: 28mm, weight: 13,40g, axis: 6h,
mint: Dacia, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: Pick-??, PM-3-56-2, Mus-??,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Traianus-Decius-AE-27_IMP-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-XI_Pick-125_PM-3-04-1_Mus-44_Q-001_h_27mm_12,79gx-s.jpg
079p Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-04-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXI, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left, Rare! #162 views079p Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-04-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXI, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left, Rare! #1
avers:- IMP TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMSC OL VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN XI regnal year XI.
exergo: -/-//ANXI, diameter: 27-28mm, weight: 12,79g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 249-250 A.D., ref: Pick-125, PM-3-04-1, Mus-44,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Traianus-Decius-AE-Dup_IMP-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG_PMS-C-OL-VIM_AN-XI_Pick-126_PM-3-06-8_Mus-_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s~0.jpg
079p Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-06-08, AE-Dupondius, -/-//ANXI, PMS C OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left, #165 views079p Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-06-08, AE-Dupondius, -/-//ANXI, PMS C OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left, #1
avers:- IMP TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMS C OL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, holding branch in righ hand, transverse sceptre surmounted by a small figure of victory in left hand, between an bull and a lion.
exergo: -/-//ANXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 249-250 A.D., ref: Pick-126, PM-3-06-8,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Traianus-Decius-AE-Dup_IMP-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG_PMS-C-OL-VIM_AN-XI_Pick-Not-in_PM-3-07-1_Mus-_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s~0.jpg
079p Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-07-01, AE-Dupondius, -/-//ANXI, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left, #162 views079p Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-07-01, AE-Dupondius, -/-//ANXI, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left, #1
avers:- IMP TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC OL VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right.
exergo: -/-//ANXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 249-250 A.D., ref: Pick-Not-in, PM-3-07-1,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Traianus-Decius-AE-28_IMP-C-M-Q-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AV_PM-SC-OL-VIM_AN-XII_Pick-133_PM-3-15-4_Mus-_Q-002_axis-7h_27,5-28,5mm_16,49g-s~0.jpg
079p Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-15-04, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXII, PM SC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left, Rare! #167 views079p Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-15-04, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXII, PM SC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left, Rare! #1
avers:- IMP TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PM SC OL VIM, Female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; right hand rising and holding branch her right hand, in ex. AN XII regnal year XII.
exergo: -/-//ANXII, diameter: 27,5-28,5 mm, weight: 16,49 g, axis:7 h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: Pick-, PM-3-15-4 revers legend var. !!, Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Traianus-Decius-AE-28_IMP-C-M-Q-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AV_PM-SC-OL-VIM_AN-XII_Pick-133_PM-3-15-4_Mus-_Q-001_1h_28-28,5mm_15,34gz-s.jpg
079p Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-15-04, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXII, PM SC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left, Rare! #263 views079p Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-15-04, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXII, PM SC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left, Rare! #2
avers:- IMP TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PM SC OL VIM, Female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; right hand rising and holding branch her right hand, in ex. AN XII regnal year XII.
exergo: -/-//ANXII, diameter: 28-28,5 mm, weight: 15,34 g, axis:1 h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: Pick-, PM-3-15-4 revers legend var. !!, Mus-,
Q-002
quadrans
VIM_Traianus-Decius-AE-26_IMP-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-XII_Pick-127_PM-3-20-8_Mus-44_Q-001_h_26mm_10,98gx-s.jpg
079p Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-20-08, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXII, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left, Rare! #1 72 views079p Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-20-08, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXII, PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing, facing left, Rare! #1
avers:- IMP TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMSC OL VIM, Female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN XII regnal year XII.
exergo: -/-//ANXII, diameter: 26mm, weight: 10,98g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 249-250 A.D., ref: Pick-125, PM-3-20-8, Mus-44,
Q-001
quadrans
08-Alex-Ecbatana-P3931.jpg
08. Ecbatana: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.42 viewsTetradrachm, ca 311 - 295 BC, Ecbatana mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Anchor, forepart of a grazing horse, and two monograms at left; ΣΩ under throne.
17.01 gm., 26 mm.
P. #3931; M. #1355; ESM #475.

This is a coin of the Seleucid Empire from the time of Seleukos I, Nikator. Seleukos used the anchor as his personal symbol. Some of Seleukos' coinage was in the name of Alexander, and some was in his own name
Callimachus
VIM_Etruscilla_AE-27-Ses_HER-ETRVSCILLA-AVG_PMSC-OL-VIM_AN-XII_240_Pick-137_PM-3-34-1_Mus-xx_Q-001_h_25,5mm_8,76g-s.jpg
080p Herennia Etruscilla (?? A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-34-01, AE-Sestertius, #0162 views080p Herennia Etruscilla (?? A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-34-01, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- HER ETRVSCILLA AVG, Diademed, draped bust right .
revers:- PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo: -/-//AN XII, diameter: 25,5mm, weight: 8,76g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: Pick-137, PM-3-34-01, Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
081_Herennius-Etruscus_AE-Sestertius-PM-03-41-03_Viminacium-Q-H-ETR-MES-DEC-CAES_PMS-C-OL-VIM_AN_XII_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
081p Herennius Etruscus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-41-03, AE-Sestertius, #0160 views081p Herennius Etruscus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-41-03, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB, bare headed, draped, cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMS C OL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo: -/-//AN XII, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: Pick-141, PM-3-41-03, Mus-r,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Hostilianus_AE-27-Ses_Q-H-ETR-MES-DEC-CAES_PMSC-OL-VIM_AN-XII_241_Pick-0_PM-1-xx-1_Mus-xx_Q-001_7h_28mm_14,30gz-s.jpg
081p Herennius Etruscus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-42-01, AE-Sestertius, #0163 views081p Herennius Etruscus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-42-01, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- Q H ETR MES DEC CAES, bare headed, draped, cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo: -/-//AN XII, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: Pick-142, PM-3-42-01, Mus-r,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Hostilianus-AE-26_G-VAL-HOST-M-QVINTVS_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-XII_251_Pick-148_PM-4-01-5_Mus-na_Q-001_h_26mm_10,55g-s.jpg
082p Hostilianus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 04-01-06, AE-Sestertius, #0176 views082p Hostilianus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 04-01-06, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- G VAL HOST M QVINTVS, bare headed, draped, cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo: -/-//AN XII, diameter: 26mm, weight: 10,55g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: Pick-148var, PM-4-01-06, Mus-54var,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Hostilianus-AE-26_G-VAL-ROST-M-QVIHTVS-CAE_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-XII_251_Pick-148_PM-4-01-8_Mus-na_Q-001_5h_26mm_10,29gx-s.jpg
082p Hostilianus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 04-01-08, AE-Sestertius, #0161 views082p Hostilianus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 04-01-08, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- G VAL ROST M QVIHTVS CAE, bare headed,cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo: -/-//AN XII, diameter: 26mm, weight: 10,55g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: Pick-148var, PM-4-01-08, Mus-54var,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Hostilianus_AE-27-Ses_C-VAL-HOST-M-QVINTVS-CA_PMSC-OL-VIM_AN-XII_241_Pick-0_PM-1-xx-1_Mus-xx_Q-001_6h_27mm_13,32gz-s.jpg
082p Hostilianus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 04-01-23, AE-Sestertius, #0161 views082p Hostilianus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 04-01-23, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- C VAI HOST M QVINTVS CA, bare headed, draped, cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC OL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo: -/-//AN XII, diameter: 27mm, weight: 13,32g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: Pick-148var, PM-4-01-23, Mus-54var,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM,_083_Treb-Gallus,_PM_05-05-03,_AE-26,_IMP_C_GALLVS_P_FELIX_AVG,_PMS_COLVII,_AN_XII,_250-251AD,_Q-001,_0h,_25,5-26,5mm,_11,45ga-s~0.jpg
083p Trebonianus Gallus (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-05-03, -/-//ANXII, AE-Sestertius, PMS COL VII, Female figure standing, facing left, #01130 views083p Trebonianus Gallus (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-05-03, -/-//ANXII, AE-Sestertius, PMS COL VII, Female figure standing, facing left, #01
avers: IMP C GALLVS P FELIX AVG, Laureate draped bust right.
reverse: PMS COL VII, Female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right, in ex. AN XII.
exergue: -/-//ANXII, diameter: 25,5-26,0mm, weight:11,45g, axis:0h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: PM 05-05-03, Pick-, Mus-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
VIM_Treb-Gallus-AE-27_IMP-C-VIBIO-TREBON-GALL-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-XIII_Pick-161-64_PM-05-08-05_Mus-_Q-001_axis-h_0mm_0g-s.jpg
083p Trebonianus Gallus (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-08-05, AE-Sestertius, #0164 views083p Trebonianus Gallus (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-08-05, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- IMP-C-GALLVS-P-FELIX-AVG, laureate draped bust right .
revers:- PMSC_OL-VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right, in ex. AN XIII .
exergo: AN-XIII, diameter: 26mm, weight:10,46g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 251-252 A.D., ref: Pick-165, PM-5-08-5, Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Treb-Gallus-AE-27_IMP-C-C-VIB-TRIB-GALLV-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-XIII_Pick-163-64_PM-5-10-12_Mus-56v_Q-001_h_27mm_13,99gx-s.jpg
083p Trebonianus Gallus (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-10-12, AE-Sestertius, #0162 views083p Trebonianus Gallus (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-10-12, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- IMP-C-C-VIB-TRIB-GALLV-AVG, laureate draped bust right .
revers:- PMSC_OL-VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right, in ex. AN XIII .
exergo: AN XIII, diameter: 27mm, weight:13,99g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 251-252 A.D., ref: Pick-163-64, PM-5-10-12, Mus-56v,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Treb-Gallus-AE-27_IMP-C-GALLVS-P-FELIX-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-XIII_Pick-165_PM-5-12-1_Mus-56_Q-001_h_27mm_10,46g-s.jpg
083p Trebonianus Gallus (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-12-01, AE-Sestertius, #0186 views083p Trebonianus Gallus (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-12-01, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- IMP-C-GALLVS-P-FELIX-AVG, laureate draped bust right .
revers:- PMSC_OL-VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right, in ex. AN XIII .
exergo: AN-XIII, diameter: 26mm, weight:10,46g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 251-252 A.D., ref: Pick-165, PM-5-12-1, Mus-56,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Treb-Gallus-AE-26_IMP-C-GALLVS-P-FELIX-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-XIII_Pick-na_PM-na_Mus-56var-cornucop-Q-001_h_26mm_10,15g-s.jpg
083p Trebonianus Gallus (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-16-01var, AE-Sestertius, #0162 views083p Trebonianus Gallus (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-16-01var, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- IMP-C-GALLVS-P-FELIX-AVG, laureate draped bust right .
revers:- PMSC_OL-VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right,. left hand holding cornucopiae (!); in ex. AN XIII.
exergo: AN-XIII, diameter: 26mm, weight:10,15g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 251-252 A.D., ref: Pick-??, PM-??, Mus-56v var cornucopiae unlisted !!!
Q-001
quadrans
Gallus-Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
083p Trebonianus Gallus (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-20-01, AE-Sestertius, #0165 views083p Trebonianus Gallus (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-20-01, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- IMP-C-GALLVS-P-FELIX-AVG, laureate draped bust right .
revers:- PMSC_OL-VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right, in ex. AN XIV.
exergo: AN-XIV, diameter: mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 252-253 A.D., ref: Pick-165, PM-5-20-01, Mus-56,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Volusianus_AE-27-Ses_IMP-CAE-C-VIB-VOLVSIANO-AVG_PMSC-OL-VIM_AN-XIII_241_Pick-175_PM-5-26-1_Mus-xx_Q-001_11h_26,5mm_9,88g-s.jpg
084p Volusian (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-26-01, AE-Sestertius, #0182 views084p Volusian (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-26-01, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- IMP-CAE-C-VIB-VOLVSIANO-AVG, laureate draped bust right .
revers:- PMSC_OL-VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right, in ex. AN XIII .
exergo: AN-XIII, diameter: 27mm, weight:9,88g, axis: 11h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 251-252 A.D., ref: Pick-175, PM-5-26-1, Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Volusian_AE-27-Ses_IMP-CAE-C-VIB-VOLVSIANO-AVG_PMSC-OL-VIM_AN-XIII_241_Pick-175_PM-5-26-5_Mus-_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s~0.jpg
084p Volusian (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-26-05, AE-Sestertius, #0163 views084p Volusian (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-26-05, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- IMP-CAE-C-VIB-VOLVSIANO-AVG, laureate draped bust right .
revers:- PMSC_OL-VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right, in ex. AN XIII .
exergo: AN-XIII, diameter: mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 251-252 A.D., ref: Pick-175, PM-5-26-5, Mus-
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Aemilian_AE-27-Ses_IMP-C-M-AEMIL-AEMILIANVS-A_PMSC-OL-VI_AN-XIV_241_Pick-179_PM-6-01-29_Mus-xx_Q-001_axis-11h_26,5mm_9,88g-s.jpg
085p Aemilian (253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 06-01-29, AE-Sestertius, #0164 views085p Aemilian (253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 06-01-29, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- IMP-C-M-AEMIL-AEMILIANVS-A, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMSC_OL-VI, Female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right; in ex. AN XIV regnal year XIV.
exergo: AN XIV, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 252-253 A.D., ref: Pick-179, PM-6-01-29, Mus-r,
Q-001
quadrans
RI 087b img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 09543 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules standing front, head right, holding club on rock and lion skin
Minted in Rome
Reference:– Van Meter 64, RIC 95, RSC 404
Weight 4.86 gms
Dimensions 22.17mm
maridvnvm
RI 087p img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 09538 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules standing front, head right, holding club on rock and lion skin
Minted in Rome
Reference:– Van Meter 64, RIC 95, RSC 404
Weight 4.37 gms
Dimensions 21.77mm
maridvnvm
DAC_Valerian-I_AE-25_IMP-P-LIC-VALERIANO-AVG_PROVIN_CIA-DACIA_AN-VIII_Pick-na_PM-7-54-1_Mus-na_rare_Q-001_h_mm_9,73g-s.jpg
088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 07-54-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANVIII, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare!69 views088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 07-54-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANVIII, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare!
avers: IMP P LIC VALERIANO AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: PROVIN CIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, holding two standards, between an eagle and a lion, Year ANVIII in exergue.
exergue: -/-//ANVIII, diameter: 25mm, weight: 9,73g, axis: h,
mint: Dacia, date: 253-254 A.D., ref: Pick-61var??, PM-7-54-1, Mus-23var??,
Q-001
quadrans
DAC_Valerian-I_AE-25_IMP-P-L-VALERIANVS-AVG_PROVINCI-A-D-ACIA_AN-X_Pick-63var_PM-7-59-x-not-in_Mus-na_rare_Q-001_11h_26,5-28,5mm_8,75g-s.jpg
088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 07-59-??, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANX, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare!64 views088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 07-59-??, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANX, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare!
avers: IMP P L VALERIANVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
reverse: PROVINCI A D ACIA, Dacia standing left, between an eagle and a lion, right hand holding serpent, left hand holding standards, Year ANX in exergue.
exergue: -/-//ANX, diameter: 26,5-28,5mm, weight: 8,75g, axis: 11h,
mint: Dacia, date: 255-256 A.D., ref: Pick-63var??, PM-7-59-???, Mus-??,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Valerianus-I-AE-26_IMP-VALERIANVS-PF-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-XVI_Pick-190_PM-7-06-2_Mus-62v_Q-001_h_26mm_7,03gx-s.jpg
088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 07-06-02, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXVI, P M S COL VIM, Female figure standing, facing left, Rare! #0162 views088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 07-06-02, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXVI, P M S COL VIM, Female figure standing, facing left, Rare! #01
avers: IMP VALERIANVS P F AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right.
reverse: P M S C OL VIM (Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium), Female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right, in exergue ANXVI.
exergue: -/-//ANXVI, diameter: 26mm, weight: 7,03g, axis: h,
mint: Viminacium, date: 254-255 A.D., ref: Pick-190, PM-7-06-2, Mus-62var,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Valerianus-I-AE-26_IMP-VALERIANVS-P-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-XVI_Pick-190_PM-7-06-5_Mus-62v_Q-001_h_mm_g-s~0.jpg
088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 07-06-05, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXVI, P M S COL VIM, Female figure standing, facing left, Rare! #0164 views088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 07-06-05, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXVI, P M S COL VIM, Female figure standing, facing left, Rare! #01
avers: IMP VALERIANVS P AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right.
reverse: P M S C OL VIM (Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium), Female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right, in exergue ANXVI.
exergue: -/-//ANXVI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 254-255 A.D., ref: Pick-190, PM-7-06-5, Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Valerianus-I-AE-26_IMP-VALERIANVS-P-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-XVI_Pick-190_PM-7-06-5_Mus-62v_Q-002_0h_26,5-28,5mm_8,96ga-s~0.jpg
088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 07-06-05, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXVI, P M S COL VIM, Female figure standing, facing left, Rare! #0292 views088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 07-06-05, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXVI, P M S COL VIM, Female figure standing, facing left, Rare! #02
avers: IMP VALERIANVS P AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right.
reverse: P M S C OL VIM (Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium), Female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right, in exergue ANXVI.
exergue: -/-//ANXVI, diameter: 26,5-28,5mm, weight: 8,96g, axis: 0h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 254-255 A.D., ref: Pick-190, PM-7-06-5, Mus-,
Q-002
quadrans
VIM_Mariniana_AE-27_DIVAE-MARINIANAE_PMSC_OL-VI_AN-XVI_Pick-na_PM-7-08-2_Mus-64_Q-001_h_27mm_9_76gx-s.jpg
089p Mariniana (??? A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 07-08-02, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXVI, P M S COL VIM, Female figure standing, facing left, Rare! #0166 views089p Mariniana (??? A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 07-08-02, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANXVI, P M S COL VIM, Female figure standing, facing left, Rare! #01
Wife of Valerian I.
avers: DIVAE MARINIANAE, Veiled and draped bust right.
reverse: P M S C OL VIM (Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium), Female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right, in exergue ANXVI.
exergue: -/-//ANXVI, diameter: 27mm, weight:9,76g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 254-255 AD., ref: Pick-not listed, PM-7-08-2, Mus-not listed,
Q-001
quadrans
09-Alex-Alexandria.jpg
09. Alexandria: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.115 viewsTetradrachm, ca 310 - 305 BC, Alexandria (Egypt) mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander with Horn of Ammon, wearing elephant skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Athena carrying shield and hurling spear. Also small eagle sitting on thunderbolt at right. Two monograms: one at left, one at right.
15.10 gm., 26 mm.
S. #7749; BMC 6.6, 46.

You may have noticed that I refer to the obverse portraits on the Alexander the Great coins as "Head of Alexander as Herakles." Much has been written about these portraits as to whether or not they really portray Alexander's likeness. There can be no doubt, however, that the portrait on this coin was intended to be that of Alexander. Ptolemy issued this coin in the name of Alexander while he was Satrap of Egypt. The elephant skin headdress was probably inspired by the lion's skin headdress on Alexander's own coins. It likely refers to Alexander's conquests in India where he defeated an Indian army with 200 elephants. Beneath the elephant skin headdress, right above his ear, Alexander wears the Horn of Zeus Ammon. The priests of Zeus Ammon recognized Alexander as divine when he visited Egypt in 331 BC.
4 commentsCallimachus
Rep_AE-Quadrans_Q-001_axis-h_xxmm_xxg-s.jpg
091 B.C., Republic, AE-Quadrans, SRCV 1194, ???100 views091 B.C., Republic, AE-Quadrans, SRCV 1194, ???
avers:- Head of Hercules right, wearing lion’s skin, behind, three pellets.
revers: - Prow right, and before, three pellets.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 91 B.C., ref: SRCV-1194,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
092_Valerian-II_(256-258_A_D__Caesar),_AE-21,_Ionia,_Smyrna,_Klose_1_8,_SNG_München_456,_255-60AD_Q-001_0h_20,7mm_3,85g-s.jpg
092p Valerian II. (256-258 A.D.), Ionia, Smyrna, (third Neokoros), SNG München 456, AE-21, Herakles,112 views092p Valerian II. (256-258 A.D.), Ionia, Smyrna, (third Neokoros), SNG München 456, AE-21, Herakles,
avers: - ΠO ΛIK O VAΛEPIANOC, Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
revers: - CMΥRNAIΩN Γ NEΩKO/R ΩN, ( Γ are = third Neokoros), Herakles, naked, standing left, holding kantharos and club, lionskin over arm.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20,7mm, weight: 3,85g, axis: 0h,
mint: Ionia, Smyrna, date: 255-260B.C., ref: SNG München 456, Klose 1.8, CNG Elec. Auc. 160 (3/2007), lot 198,
Q-001
quadrans
96f.jpg
096f Aurelian. billion antoninianus12 viewsobv: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG rad. cuir. bust r.
rev: ORIENS AVG Sol. walking r. holding laur. branch and bow,
treading down an enemy
fld:/ex: lambda l./XXIR
hill132
96h.jpg
096h Aurelian. billion antoinianus9 viewsobv: IMP C AVRELNVS AVG rad. cuir. bust r.
rev: ORI_E_NS AVG Sol. walking l. between two captivesr. hand raised. holding globe
ex: * / TXXT
hill132
Postumus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-POSTVMVS-dotPdotFdot-AVG_HERC-DEVS-ONIENSI_RIC-VII-64v-p-342-C-91v_(dots_in_legend_not_in_RIC)_AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-5h_22-23mm_3,26g-s.jpg
098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 064v., AE-Antoninianus, HERC DEVSONIENSI, Hercules standing right, #166 views098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 064v., AE-Antoninianus, HERC DEVSONIENSI, Hercules standing right, #1
avers: IMP C POSTVMVS•P•F•AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. (dots in legend not in RIC !!!)
reverse: HERC DEVS ONIENSI, Hercules standing right, leaning on the club, holding lion's skin and bow.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 22,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,26g, axes:5h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 260-269 A.D.,
ref: RIC V-II 64v., Elmer 187, Cohen 91v., (dots in legend not in RIC !!!)
Q-001
quadrans
coin sizes.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN coin sizes143 viewsThis picture can be seen the relationship of different denomination. Unfortunately the AV aureus, AV quinar and the medallion sizes are missing...2 commentsberserker
98a.jpg
098a Vabalathus. AE antoninianus18 viewsobv: IMP C VHABALATHVS AVG rad. drp. cuir. bust r. seen from behind
rev: IVENVS AVG Hercules std. r. holding lions skin and leaning
on club, holding three apples
fld: * in r.
hill132
V1496lg.jpg
09e Domitian as Caesar-RIC 1496110 viewsAR Denarius, 3.17g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS IIII; Winged caduceus
RIC 1496 (R2). BMC 489. RSC 369. RPC 1469 (2 spec.). BNC 377.
Acquired from Britaly Coins, April 2016.

The small series struck under Vespasian this coin comes from is quite mysterious. The mint is not known for certain, although Ephesus is a prime suspect. K. Butcher and M. Ponting in The Metallurgy of Roman silver Coinage analysed the Ephesian and 'o' mint series and their data shows both issues are made from the same bullion. Not definitive proof the two series are from the same mint, but good evidence of a strong link. Unlike the Ephesian series, the 'o' issue is full of blundered legends and mules. This denarius struck for Domitian Caesar has a PON MAX reverse legend, an impossible title for the young prince. However, what the mint masters lacked in competency, the engravers made up for in their stylish portraits.

A wonderful portrait struck on a large flan. An obverse die match with my RIC V1494.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
M_53_half_p.jpg
1 Innocent XI undated Half Piastre M5336 viewsAn interesting obverse type featuring a completely unsymmetrical 3/4 view of the pope's arms. The lion and eagle are remarkably lifelike, quite unusual for elements of coats of arms, and both appear to be ready to leave the coin. The eagle seems particularly interested in testing his wings, perhaps having noticed the lion is watching him with a lean and hungry look.

The reverse translates to "to the greedy it shall not be given." A number of the reformed coins of this pope featured legends encouraging charity.
stlnats
Miletos_1_12.jpg
1/12 stater; forepart of lion32 viewsMiletos, Ionia, AR 1/12 stater. ca. 510 - 494 B.C. 0,9 g, 9 mm. Forepart of lion left, head turned right / Floral star pattern in incuse square. SNG München 703 ff.; SNG Aul. 2082. Podiceps
miletos_1_12_stater.jpg
1/12 stater; Head of lion left/ Star in incuse squar29 viewsIonia, Miletos. Circa 6th– c. 5th c. B.C. 1/12 Stater Silver. 1,1g. 8mm. Obs: Head of roaring lion right. Rev: Star in incuse square. SNG Kayhan 462v. Podiceps
10-Alex-Miletus-P2150.jpg
10-Miletus: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.54 viewsTetradrachm, ca 295 - 275 BC, Miletus mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. MI monogram at left.
16.56 gm., 29 mm.
P. #2150; M. #1055.
Callimachus
029.JPG
100 Titus83 viewsF/Fair, 3.002g, 18.2mm, 180o, Rome mint, as Caesar, 71 - 72 A.D.; obverse T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT, laureate head right; reverse NEP RED, Neptune standing left, foot on globe, acrostolium in right and scepter in left.

RIC II Vesp 155, Cohen 121, RIC 366 ex Forvm

"Titus was the very popular victor of the Judean rebellion. He ruled during the eruption of Vesuvius. Titus once complained he had lost a day because twenty-four hours passed without his bestowing a gift. He was, however, generous to a fault. Had he ruled longer, he might have brought bankruptcy and lost hist popularity."

This coin gives thanks to Neptune for the safe return of Titus after the Jewish War.
6 commentsRandygeki(h2)
coin407.JPG
102. Trajan17 viewsTrajan Ć Quadrans. IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG GERM, diademed bust of Hercules right with lion-skin on neck / Boar walking right, SC in ex. RIC 702, Cohen 341. ecoli
104_Claudius_II__(268-270_A_D_),IMP_C_CLAVDIVS_AVG,_IVVENTVS_AVG,_Delta,_T-1022,_Antioch,_iss-1,_off-4,_268-9,_Q-001,_h,_19mm,_4,08g-s.jpg
104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-1022 (Estiot), RIC V-I 104var., Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, IVVENTVS AVG, -/-//Δ, Hercules standing, facing, #1103 views104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-1022 (Estiot), RIC V-I 104var., Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, IVVENTVS AVG, -/-//Δ, Hercules standing, facing, #1
avers:- IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, (D2).
revers:- IVVENTVS AVG, Hercules standing, facing, head left, right hand leaning on club, and holding apple in left hand, lion's skin over left arm. (Hercules 4).
exerg: -/-//Δ, diameter: 19,0mm, weight: 4,08g, axes: h,
mint: Antioch, iss-1, off-4, date: 268-269 A.D., ref: T-1022 (Estiot), RIC V-I 213,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
104_Claudius_II__(268-270_A_D_),IMP_C_CLAVD(I)VS_AVG,dot,_IVVENTVS_AVG,_RIC-213,T-1057var_,_Antioch,_iss-3,_off-4,_270,_Q-001,_0h,_20mm,_3,01g-s.jpg
104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-1057var. (Estiot), RIC V-I 113var., Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, IVVENTVS AVG, -/-//--, Hercules standing, facing, #1135 views104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-1057var. (Estiot), RIC V-I 113var., Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, IVVENTVS AVG, -/-//--, Hercules standing, facing, #1
avers:- IMP C CLAVD(I)VS AVG (Legends error I are missing), Bust left, radiate, with traces of drapery to front of truncation, one or two dot under the bust(!!!), (A2l).
revers:- IVVENTVS AVG, Hercules standing, facing, head left, right hand leaning on club, and holding apple in left hand, lion's skin over left arm, (Hercules 4).
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 20,0mm, weight: 3,01g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, iss-3, off-4, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-1057var. (Estiot), RIC V-I 213,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
coin229.JPG
106. Commodus32 viewsCommodus

According to Gibbon, the emperor Commodus spent the early years of his reign "in a seraglio of three hundred beautiful women and as many boys, of every rank and of every province." Later, adding bloodshed to his round of pleasures, he launched a career in murder, beginning with the dispatch of the usual senators, ministers and family members and continuing with the slaughter of beasts. Styling himself the Roman Hercules, he went as a performer into the amphitheater, where he cut down before the public a number of ostriches, a panther, a hundred lions, an elephant, a rhinoceros and a giraffe. He then entered the lists as a gladiator. Commodus fought 735 times and paid himself such a high fee for each appearance that a new tax had to be levied. He was strangled by a wrestler while drunk.

Denarius. 192 AD. L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, laureate head right / P M TR P XVII IMP VIII COS VII P P, Fides standing left holding standard & cornucopiae, star right. RSC 583a. RIC 233
ecoli
image~1.jpg
108. Didius Julianus58 views193 A.D. - The Year of Five Emperors. On 1 January, the Senate selected Pertinax, against his will, to succeed the late Commodus as Emperor. The Praetorian Guard assassinated him on 28 March and auctioned the throne to the highest bidder, Didius Julianus, who offered 300 million sesterces. Outraged by the Praetorians, legions in Illyricum select Septimius Severus as emperor; in Britannia the legions select their governor Clodius Albinus, and in Syria the legions select their governor Pescennius Niger. On 1 June Septimius Severus entered the capital, put Julianus put to death and replaced the Praetorian Guard with his own troops. Clodius Albinus allied with Severus and accepted the title of Caesar. Pescennius Niger was defeated, killed and his head displayed in Rome.


SH67895. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC VI 14, BMCRE V 20, Cohen 3, Cayon III 1, SRCV II 6075, aF, weight 19.437 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, obverse IMP CAES M DID SEVER IVLIAN AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONCORD MILIT, S - C, Concordia Militum standing half left, flanked by legionary eagle before in right and standard behind in left.

Ex-FORVM


1 commentsecoli
rjb_cast4_07_05.jpg
11100 viewsConstantius I
305-306
AV 42 mm
Trier Mint
The "Arras Medallion"
mauseus
sept-severus_denarius_hercules.jpg
11 - Septimius Severus AR Denarius - ' 'HERCULI DEFENS ' - Hercules81 viewsRoman Empire, Severan Dynasty.
Emperor Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD) Silver Denarius.

obv: - Laureate head right.
rev: HERCULI DEFENS - Hercules standing facing right, leaning on club, cloaked w/ lionskin.
---------
Nice reverse!
6 commentsrexesq
11-Alex-Pella-P527.jpg
11. "Pella": Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.34 viewsTetradrachm, ca 280 - 275 BC, "Pella" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Monogram under throne, Triton at left.
16.95 gm., 29 mm.
P. #527.

Following the overthrow of Demetrios Poliorketes by Lysimachos in 288 BC, there was a period of about a dozen years where no ruler was able to establish himself for any length of time in Macedonia. In 277 BC, Antigonos Gonatas achieved a victory over Gallic invaders in Thrace, and that enabled him to claim his father's throne. He ruled until 239 BC and the Macedonian kingdom prospered during his reign.
This coin was issued about the time Antigonos became king and established his own coinage. The decade 280 - 270 BC was a troubled one for the area due to the Gallic invasions (279 - 276 BC), and coins in the name of Alexander the Great from this decade are not common.
Callimachus
110i_new.jpg
110i Maximianus Herculius. billion tetradrachm16 viewsobv: laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: Homonia std. l. raising r. hand and holding double cornucopiae
fld: L-r (date)
hill132
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_AERCVLI-PACIF_S-XXT_Bust-F_RIC-375-p-58_4th-em_Ticinum_278-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_21,5mm_3,25g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 375, Ticinum, AERCVLI PACIF, Bust-F, -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left,70 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 375, Ticinum, AERCVLI PACIF, Bust-F, -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left,
avers:- IMP-C-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F),
revers:- AERCVLI-PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin.
exerg: -/-//SXXT, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 3,25g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, 4th. emission, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-375, p-58,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_AERCVLI-PACIF_S-XXT_Bust-F-l-square_RIC-376-p-58_3rd-em_Ticinum_277-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_22-22,5mm_3,36g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, AERCVLI PACIF, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!79 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, AERCVLI PACIF, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, heroically nude bust left, holding spear and aegis,"Square shield", seen from back.
revers:- AERCVLI-PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin.
exerg: -/-//SXXT, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,36g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, 3rd. emission, date: 277A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-376, p-58, Heroic Bust Type , Square shield, seen from back,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PR-OBI-A-VG_HERCVLI-PACIF_S-XXT_Bust-G_RIC-376-p-58_4th-em_Ticinum_278-AD_Scarce_Q-001_0h_21,5mm_2,95g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, HERCVLI PACIF, Bust type G, -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!99 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, HERCVLI PACIF, Bust type G, -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!
avers: VIRTVS-PR-OBI-A-VG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (G)
revers: HERCVLI-PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin.
exerg: -/-//SXXT, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 2,95g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, 4th. emission, date: 278A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-376, p-58, Bust Type G,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_HERCVLI-PACIF_S-XXT_Bust-F-square_RIC-376-p-58_Ticinum_376-AD_Scarce_Q-001_0h_22-23mm_3,89g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, HERCVLI PACIF, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!163 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, HERCVLI PACIF, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!
avers: VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, heroically nude bust left, holding spear and aegis,"Square shield", seen from back.
revers: HERCVLI-PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin.
exerg: -/-//SXXT, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,89g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, 3rd. emission, date: 276A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-376, p-58, Heroic Bust Type , Square shield, seen from back,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_612_A_044_No_006_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG_P-M-TRI-P-COS-II-P-P_XXI-S_Bust-F_RIC-612-p-82_Siscia_282-AD_Scarce_Q-001_h_mm_gj-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0044.0008, -/-//XXIQ, Bust B/F, RIC V-II 612, AE-Antoninianus, P M TRI P COS II P P, Lion walking left, Rare!!!103 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0044.0008, -/-//XXIQ, Bust B/F, RIC V-II 612, AE-Antoninianus, P M TRI P COS II P P, Lion walking left, Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B/F)
reverse: P M TRI P COS II P P, Lion walking left, ox head before.
exergue: -/-//XXIQ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, 5th emission of Siscia, 278, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 612, p-82, C-447,452, Alföldi 0044.0008;
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_612_A_045_No_004_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG_P-M-TRI-P-COS-II-P-P_XXI-S_Bust-F_RIC-612-p-82_Siscia_282-AD_Scarce_Q-001_6h_21-23mm_4,67gb-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0045.0004, -/-//XXIS, Bust B/F, RIC V-II 612, AE-Antoninianus, P M TRI P COS II P P, Lion walking right, Rare!!!105 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0045.0004, -/-//XXIS, Bust B/F, RIC V-II 612, AE-Antoninianus, P M TRI P COS II P P, Lion walking right, Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B/F)
reverse: P M TRI P COS II P P, Radiate lion walking right, holding thunderbolt in the mouth.
exergue: -/-//XXIS, diameter: 21-23 mm, weight: 3,80 g, axis:6 h,
mint: Siscia, 5th emission of Siscia, 278, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 612, p-82, C-447,452, Alföldi type 0045.0004 Rare !!!
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_615_A_047_No_009_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_P-M-TRI-P-COS-III-P-P_XXI-Q_Bust-G_RIC-615-p-83_Siscia_279-AD_Q-001_6h_22mm_3,75g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0047.0009, -/-//XXIQ, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 615, AE-Antoninianus, P M TRI P COS III P P, Lion walking right, Rare!142 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0047.0009, -/-//XXIQ, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 615, AE-Antoninianus, P M TRI P COS III P P, Lion walking right, Rare!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (E1,G)
reverse: P M TRI P COS III P P, Radiate lion walking right, holding thunderbolt in the mouth.
exergue: -/-//XXIQ, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,75g, axis:6 h,
mint: Siscia, 6th emission of Siscia, 279, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 615, p-83, C-455,456, Alföldi type 0047.0009,
Q-001
quadrans
DSS_Q-001_axis-7h_18-19,5mm_3,56g-s.jpg
112-111 B.C., Ti. Quinctius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 297/1, Rome, Two horses left,222 views112-111 B.C., Ti. Quinctius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 297/1, Rome, Two horses left,
avers: Bust of Hercules left, wearing lion's skin headdress, club over the shoulder.
reverse: Two horses left, the rider on the nearer horse, TI Q and rat below, DOS•S in incuse on the tablet in exergue.
exergue: -/-//DOS•S, diameter: 18-19,5mm, weight: 3,56g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date:112-111 B.C., ref: Crawford 297-1, Sydenham 563, Quinctia 6,
Q-001
quadrans
RI 115h img.jpg
115 - Postumus Ant. - RIC 064 C27 viewsObv:– IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERC DEVSONIENSI, Hercules, standing right, leaning on club, holding bow and lion’s skin
Ref:- RIC 64 Bust Type C, attributed to Lugdunum
maridvnvm
RI 115g img.jpg
115 - Postumus Ant. - RIC 067 A17 viewsObv:– IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped bust right
Rev:– HERC PACIFERO, Hercules, standing left, holding olive branch, club and lion’s skin
Ref:- RIC 67 Bust Type A, attributed to Lugdunum
maridvnvm
William_the_lion_AR_penny.JPG
1169 - 1214, William I “the lion”, AR Penny, Struck 1205 - 1230 at Perth or Edinburgh, Scotland20 viewsObverse: + LE REI WILAM•: Head of William I facing left, wearing crown of pellets, sceptre to left, within inner circle of pellets. All surrounded by outer circle of pellets. Cross potent in legend.
Reverse: + hVE WALTER: Voided short cross, six pointed star in each angle, within inner circle of pellets. All surrounded by outer circle of pellets. Cross potent in legend. (No mint name on coin. Moneyers: Hue (cognate with the modern English name of Hugh) and Walter, the Edinburgh and Perth moneyers working jointly)
Short cross, phase B. Late William I and posthumous issue struck c.1205 to c.1230.
William I died in 1214 but it would appear that although Alexander II was 16 years old when he came to the throne he continued his father's issues for some 15 years and struck no coins in his own name until around 1230.
Diameter: 21mm | Weight: 1.3gm | Die Axis: 6
SPINK: 5029

William I was not known as "the Lion" during his own lifetime, the title was attached to him because of his flag or standard, a red lion rampant on a yellow background which went on to become the Royal Banner of Scotland which is still used today.

William I was crowned on 24th December 1165, he came to the throne when his elder brother Malcolm IV died at the age of 24 on 9th December 1165.
Early in his reign William attempted to regain control of Northumbria which had been lost, in 1157 during the reign of Malcolm IV, to the Anglo-Normans under Henry II. He thereby lent support to the English barons who rebelled against Henry II in 1173. In 1174 however, while actively assisting the rebels at the Battle of Alnwick, William was captured by Henry's forces and taken to Falaise in Normandy. He was forced, under the terms of the Treaty of Falaise which he signed in December, to do homage for the whole of Scotland and also to hand over the castles of Roxburgh, Berwick and Edinburgh. Edinburgh, however, was later returned to him as part of the dowry of Ermengarde, a cousin of Henry II, whom William married in 1186.
The Treaty of Falaise remained in force for the next fifteen years until the new English King Richard the Lionheart, needing money for the Third Crusade, agreed to terminate it in return for 10,000 marks. William also attempted to purchase Northumbria from Richard, however his offer of 15,000 marks was rejected due to him wanting all the castles within the lands, something Richard was not willing to concede.
Relations between Scotland and England remained tense during the first decade of the 13th century and in August 1209 King John decided to exploit the weakening leadership of the ageing Scottish monarch by marching a large army to Norham on the south side of the River Tweed. William bought John off with the promise of a large sum of money, and later, in 1212, he agreed to his only surviving son Alexander, marrying John's eldest daughter, Joan.
William I died in Stirling in 1214 and lies buried in Arbroath Abbey, which he is credited with founding in 1178. He was succeeded by his son, who reigned as Alexander II.
3 comments*Alex
HadrSe46.jpg
118 AD: Hadrian relinquishes public debt worth 900 million sestertii 311 viewsOrichalcum sestertius (24.91g, 34mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 119-121
IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder
RELIQVA VETERA IIS NOVIES MILL ABOLITA / S C Lictor standing left, holding fasces, setting fire to heap of bonds on the ground to left with brand
RIC 552 [R]; Cohen 914; Foss (Roman Historic Coins) 112/15
CNG EAuction 202; ex White Mountain Collection; ex Mazzini Collection
While Hadrian was on a mission in AD 118, four high ranking senators were executed by the senate for conspiring against Hadrian, despite a promise by Hadrian not to execute members of the Senate. To calm the public, Hadrian granted an extra public largesse and relinquished the public debt to the state equaling 900 million sestertii. In a ceremony held in the Forum Trajanum, all records of these debts were set on fire
1 commentsCharles S
1189_-_1199_Richard_I_AR_Denier.JPG
1189 - 1199, RICHARD I (the lionheart), AR Denier minted at Melle, Poitou, France43 viewsObverse: +RICARDVS REX. Cross pattée within braided inner circle, all within braided outer circle.
Reverse: PIC / TAVIE / NSIS in three lines within braided circle.
Diameter: 20mm | Weight: 1.0gms | Die Axis: 2
SPINK: 8008 | Elias: 8

Poitou was an Anglo-Gallic province in what is now west-central France and its capital city was Poitiers, the mint at this time was however located at Melle. Melle was an active centre of minting during the early Middle Ages due to the important silver mines located under and around the city. This is the only coin issue struck during the reign of Richard I to bear his own name and titles as King of England.

Richard I was King of England from 1189 until his death on 6th April 1199. He also ruled several territories outwith England, and was styled as Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine and Gascony, Lord of Cyprus, Count of Poitiers, Anjou, Maine, and Nantes, as well as being overlord of Brittany at various times during the same period. He was the third of five sons of King Henry II of England and Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was known as Richard the Lionheart (Richard Cśur de Lion) because of his reputation as a great military leader and warrior when, at the age of 16 and commanding his own army, he had put down rebellions against his father in Poitou.
Richard was a commander during the Third Crusade, and led the campaign after the departure of Philip II of France. However, although he scored several notable victories against the Muslims led by Saladin, he failed to retake Jerusalem from them.
Although Richard was born in England and spent his childhood there before becoming king, he lived most of his adult life in the Duchy of Aquitaine. Following his accession, his life was mostly spent on Crusade, in captivity, or actively defending his lands in France. Rather than regarding England as a responsibility requiring his presence as ruler, he appears to have used it merely as a source of revenue to support his armies. Nevertheless, he was seen as a pious hero by his subjects and he remains one of the few kings of England who is remembered by his epithet rather than by his regnal number, and even today he is still an iconic figure in both England and France.
3 comments*Alex
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-AVG_HERCVLI-CONSERVAT_SXXIT_Ticinum-RIC-V-II-215-p-242_288-AD_Q-001_0h_21-21,5mm_3,41g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC V-II 215, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//SXXIT, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Hercules standing right, #1112 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC V-II 215, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//SXXIT, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Hercules standing right, #1
avers:- IMP C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG (5-F), Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- HERCVLI CONSERVAT, Hercules standing right, holding lion skin and leaning on club set on rock.
exerg: -/-//SXXIT, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 3,41 g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 288 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 215, p-242,
Q-001
quadrans
King_John_AR_Penny.JPG
1199 – 1216, John, AR Short cross penny, Struck 1205 - 1216 at Winchester, England22 viewsObverse: HENRICVS REX around central circle enclosing a crowned, draped and bearded facing bust of the king holding a sceptre tipped with a cross pommee in his right hand, bust extending to edge of flan.
Reverse: +ANDREV•ON•WI around voided short cross within circle, crosslets in each quarter. Moneyer: Andrev, cognate with the modern English name of Andrew.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.2gms | Die Axis: 4
Class 5b
SPINK: 1351

The class four type short cross pennies of Henry II continued to be struck during the early years of John's reign, but in 1205 a recoinage was begun and new short cross pennies of better style replaced the older issues. Sixteen mints were initially employed for this recoinage but they were reduced to ten later on. All John's coins continued to bear his father's (Henry II) title of henricvs rex.

John was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216. The baronial revolt at the end of John's reign led to the sealing of the first Magna Carta, a document sometimes considered an early step in the evolution of the constitution of the United Kingdom.
John, the youngest of the five sons of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, was not expected to inherit significant lands which resulted in him being given the nickname John Lackland. However, after the failed rebellion of his elder brothers between 1173 and 1174, John became Henry's favourite child. He was appointed Lord of Ireland in 1177 and given lands in England and on the continent. John's elder brothers William, Henry and Geoffrey died young and when Richard I became king in 1189, John was the potential heir to the throne. John unsuccessfully attempted a rebellion against Richard's administration whilst his brother was participating in the Third Crusade but despite this, after Richard died in 1199, John was proclaimed King of England.
Contemporary chroniclers were mostly critical of John's performance as king, and his reign has been the subject of much debate by historians from the 16th century onwards. These negative qualities have provided extensive material for fiction writers since the Victorian era, and even today John remains a recurring character within popular culture, primarily as a villain in films and stories regarding the Robin Hood legends.
2 comments*Alex
1205_-_1216_John_AR_Penny_Dublin.JPG
1199-1216, John, AR Penny, Struck 1207 – 1211 at Dublin, Ireland10 viewsObverse: IOHANNES REX around triangle enclosing a crowned and draped facing bust of King John holding, in his right hand, a sceptre tipped with a cross pommée which extends through the side of the triangle into the legend. Quatrefoil to right of bust.
Reverse: ROBERD ON DIVE around triangle containing sun over crescent moon and a star in each angle. Cross pattée at apex of each point of the triangle and above legend on each of the three sides. Moneyer: Roberd, cognate with the modern English name of Robin.
Third issue “REX” coinage, struck to the same weight and fineness as the English standard.
This was the only coinage struck by King John in his own name.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 1.2gms | Die Axis: 4
SPINK: 6228

John was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216. The baronial revolt at the end of John's reign led to the sealing of the first Magna Carta, a document sometimes considered an early step in the evolution of the constitution of the United Kingdom.
John, the youngest of the five sons of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, was not expected to inherit significant lands which resulted in him being given the nickname John Lackland. However, after the failed rebellion of his elder brothers between 1173 and 1174, John became Henry's favourite child. He was appointed Lord of Ireland in 1177 and given lands in England and on the continent. John's elder brothers William, Henry and Geoffrey died young and when Richard I became king in 1189, John was the potential heir to the throne. John unsuccessfully attempted a rebellion against Richard's administration whilst his brother was participating in the Third Crusade but despite this, after Richard died in 1199, John was proclaimed King of England.
King John contracted dysentery at Lynn in 1216 but, just before his death, he managed to dictate a brief will. This will still survives and as part of it John requested: "I will that my body be buried in the church of St. Mary and St. Wulfstan of Worcester".
Some of King John's favourite hunting grounds were in Worcester, at Kinver and Feckenham, and he had a special affection for Saint Wulfstan, one of the two great Anglo-Saxon saints whose shrines and tombs were also at Worcester. Both Saint Wulfstan and Saint Oswald can be seen in miniature beside the head of the effigy of King John on his tomb.
Medieval effigies usually show the subject in the prime of life, however the effigy on King John's tomb is unique in that not only is it a life-like image of him, it is also the oldest royal effigy in England.
King John's tomb has been opened twice, once in 1529 and again in 1797. At the first opening it was said that John's head was covered with a monk's cowl, however it is now thought that this was probably his coronation cap. When the tomb was opened for the second time the antiquarians responsible discovered that a robe of crimson damask had originally covered the king's body but, by 1797, most of the embroidery had deteriorated. They also found the remains of a sword which lay down the left side of the body along with parts of its scabbard.
3 comments*Alex
12-Alex-Callatis-P946.jpg
12. Callatis: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.34 viewsTetradrachm, ca 250 - 225 BC, Callatis mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. K at left, NAY under throne.
16.61 gm., 30 mm.
P. #943.

On the tag that came with this coin is the inscription "6 / Sept / 44 Bulgaria." The Soviet occupation of Bulgaria began on Sept. 9, 1944. It would be interesting to know the story behind that inscription as it applies to this coin...
Callimachus
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_VIRTVTI-AVGG_-_RIC-V-II-454-p272_C-652_Lugdunum_289-AD_Scarce_Q-001_6h_21,5-23,5mm_3,47g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 454, AE-Ant., -/-//--, VIRTVTI AVG G, Hercules standing right, #1188 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 454, AE-Ant., -/-//--, VIRTVTI AVG G, Hercules standing right, #1
avers:- IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVTI AVG G, Hercules standing right, wrestling the Nemean lion; club to left.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 21,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,47g, axis: 6h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 289 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-454, p-272,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Maximianus_Q-009_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 549, AE-Ant., -/-//QXXIT, HERCVLI CONSERVAT, Hercules standing left, #176 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 549, AE-Ant., -/-//QXXIT, HERCVLI CONSERVAT, Hercules standing left, #1
avers:- IMP C M VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.,
revers:- HERCVLI CONSERVAT, Hercules standing left, resting the hand on the club and holding a bow with lion skin.
exerg: -/-//QXXIT, diameter: 21,5-23mm, weight: 3,62g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 290 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 549, p-283, C-242
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES_FELIX_ADVENT_AVGG_NN__H_left,_PKT_RIC_VI_24a_Carthage__298_A_D__Q-001_0h_25-28,5mm_10,38ga-s~0.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 024a, AE-1 Follis, FELIX ADVENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, #1152 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 024a, AE-1 Follis, FELIX ADVENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, #1
avers:- CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- FELIX AD VENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, head left, wearing elephant head headress, standard in right and tusk in left, lion and bull at feet left, H left, PKT in ex.
exerg: H|-//PKT, diameter: 25,0-28,5mm, weight: 10,38g, axes: 0h,
mint: Carthage, date: 298 A.D., ref: RIC VI 024a,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
14-Gordian-III-RIC-116.jpg
13. Gordian III / RIC 116.24 viewsDenarius, 240 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Laureate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: VIRTVTI AVGVSTI / Hercules standing, resting right hand on hip and left hand club set on rock; lion-skin beside club.
3.58 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #116; Sear #8684.

The chronology of the denarii coinage of Gordian III has been poorly understood because Roman Imperial Coinage (RIC) has it mixed up in its listings. For example, it will tell you that 5 denarii (Diana, Pietas, Salus, Securitas, and Venus) were issued in the summer of 241 to commemorate the marriage of Gordian and Tranquillina. Recent thinking tells another entirely different story. The following summary is based on a posting by Curtis Clay, November 25, 2011, on the Forum Ancient Coins Classical Numismatics Discussion Board.
Although antoniniani were issued for a while under Caracalla and Elagabalus, the denarius was the standard silver denomination throughout the reigns of Severus Alexander, Maximinus Thrax, and into the first part of the joint reign of Balbinus & Pupienus. (This, by the way, is when the PIETAS AVGG denarius of Gordian as Caesar was issued.) Sometime during the short reign of Balbinus & Pupienus, the antoninianus supplanted the denarius as the standard silver denomination. When Gordian III became emperor (July 238), his administration continued to follow the then current practice of issuing only antoniniani.

Early in 240, Gordian apparently decided to revert back to the traditional coinage of the Empire and began to issue only denarii. The denarii issued at this time were the following:

P M TR P III COS P P / Horseman
DIANA LVCIFERA
PIETAS AVGVSTI
SALVS AVGVSTI
SECVRITAS PVBLICA
VENVS VICTRIX

No antoniniani exist with these reverse types.

The next issue of denarii was issued in the summer of 240 after Gordian became COS II, and consists of these types:

P M TR P III COS II P P / Emperor standing
P M TR P III COS II P P / Apollo seated
AETERNITATI AVG
IOVIS STATOR
LAETITIA AVG N
VIRTVTI AVGVSTI

Within a short time, however, it was decided to go back to having the antoninianus as the standard silver denomination. Antoniniani were issued again, at first with the same reverse types as the second issue of denarii. That is why these reverse types exist on denarii and antoniniani even though they were not issued at the same time.

So the period the mint issued denarii rather than antoniniani as the standard silver denomination lasted from about March through August, 240. This was the last time denarii were issued for general circulation. The antoninianus lasted until Diocletian’s coinage reform of 295, after which Roman coinage was so vastly different that there was no question of returning to the denarius.

The 13 denarii of Gordian III are presented in this album in this order:
Gordian III as Caesar denarius - 1 coin.
First issue of denarii - 6 coins.
Second issue of denarii - 6 coins.
Callimachus
13-Alex-Phaselis-P2853.jpg
13. Phaselis: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.22 viewsTetradrachm, 206 / 05 BC, Phaselis mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. ΙΓ and Φ at left.
16.59 gm., 30 mm.
P. #2853.

The letters ΙΓ are a date: year 13. The dated coinage of Phaselis runs from year 1 through year 33. The coinage of Phaselis came to an end in 186 BC when the Treaty of Apamea gave Rhodes control over Lycia. That makes year 13 correspond to 206 / 205 BC. See pages 346 - 49 of Price, vol. I.
Callimachus
DiocleAnt.jpg
1301a, Diocletian, 284-305 A.D. (Antioch)93 viewsDIOCLETIAN (284 – 305 AD) AE Antoninianus, 293-95 AD, RIC V 322, Cohen 34. 20.70 mm/3.1 gm, aVF, Antioch. Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust right, draped & cuirassed; Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian, I/XXI. Early Diocletian with dusty earthen green patina.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
DicletianConcordCyz.jpg
1301b, Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D.58 viewsDiocletian. RIC V Part II Cyzicus 256 var. Not listed with pellet in exegrue
Item ref: RI141f. VF. Minted in Cyzicus (B in centre field, XXI dot in exegrue)Obverse:- IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter.
A post reform radiate of Diocletian. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


Cleisthenes
MaxHercRIC5iiRome.jpg
1302a, Maximian, 285 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.47 viewsMaximianus AE Antoninianus. RIC V Part II 506 Bust Type C. Cohen 355; VF; Minted in Rome A.D. 285-286. Obverse: IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right; Rverse: IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt & scepter, XXIZ in exergue. Ex maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D.

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Perhaps born ca. 249/250 A.D. in Sirmium in the area of the Balkans, Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Maximianus Herculius (Maximian), had been a soldier before he put on the purple. A fellow soldier with the Emperor Diocletian, he had served in the military during the reigns of Aurelian and Probus.

When the Emperor Diocletian determined that the empire was too large for one man to govern on his own, he made Maximian his Caesar in 285/6 and elevated him to the rank of Augustus in perhaps the spring of 286. While Diocletian ruled in the East, Maximian ruled in the West. In 293, in order to maintain and to strengthen the stability of the empire, Diocletian appointed Constantius I Chlorus to serve Maximian as a Caesar in the West, while Galerius did the same job in the East. This arrangement, called the "Tetrarchy", was meant not only to provide a stronger foundation for the two emperors' rule, but also to end any possible fighting over the succession to the throne once the two senior Augusti had left the throne--a problem which had bedeviled the principate since the time of the Emperor Augustus. To cement the relationship between Maximian and his Caesar, Constantius married Maximian's elder daughter Theodora. A decade later, Constantius' son Constantine would marry Maximia's younger daughter Fausta.

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximian, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple. Their resignations seem largely due to the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian seems to have forced his colleague to abdicate. In any case, Herculius had sworn an oath at the temple of Capitoline Jupiter to carry out the terms of the abdication. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Diocletian's retirement was at Salonae in Dalmatia, while Herculius' retreat was either in Lucania or Campania.

Maximian's retirement, however, was of short duration because, a little more than a year later on 28 October 306, his son Maxentius was proclaimed emperor at Rome. To give his regime an aura of legitimacy, Maximian was forced to affirm his son's acclamation. When Galerius learned of Maxentius' rebellion, he sent Severus against him with an army that had formerly been under his father's command. Maxentius invested his father with the purple again to win over his enemy's troops, a ruse which succeeded. Perhaps to strengthen his own position, in 307 Maximian went to Gaul and married his daughter Fausta to Constantine. When Constantine refused to become embroiled in the civil war between Galerius and Maxentius, Maximian returned to Rome in 308 and attempted to depose his son; however, he did not succeed. When Maximian was unable to convince Diocletian to take up the purple again at a meeting in Carnuntum in late 308, he returned to his son-in-law's side in Gaul.

Although Maximian was treated with all of the respect due a former emperor, he still desired to be more than a figurehead. He decided to seize the purple from Constantine when his son-in-law least expected it. His opportunity came in the summer of 310 when the Franks revolted. When Constantine had taken a small part of his army into enemy territory, Maximian proclaimed himself again emperor and paid the soldiers under his command a donative to secure their loyalty. As soon as Constantine received news about Maximian's revolt in July 310, he went south and reached Arelate before his father-in-law could mount a defense of the city. Although Maximian fled to Massilia, his son-in-law seized the city and took Maximian prisoner. Although he was deprived of the purple, he was granted pardon for his crimes. Unable to endure the humiliation of his defeat, he attempted to have Constantine murdered in his bed. The plot failed because he tried to get his daughter Fausta's help in the matter; she chose to reveal the matter to her husband. Because of this attempt on his son-in-law's life Maximian was dead by the end of July either by his own hand or on the orders of his intended victim.

Eutropia was of Syrian extraction and her marriage to Maximian seems to have been her second. She bore him two children: Maxentius and Fausta. An older daughter, Theodora, may have been a product of her first marriage. Fausta became the wife of Constantine I , while her sister Theodora was the second spouse of his father Constantius I Chlorus . Eutropia apparently survived all her children, with the possible exception of her daughter Fausta who seems to have died in 326. Eutropia is also said to have become a Christian.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Max.jpg
1302b, Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D., commemorative issued by Constantine the Great (Siscia)55 viewsMaximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D., commemorative issued by Constantine the Great. Bronze AE3, RIC 41, VF, Siscia, 1.30g, 16.1mm, 0o, 317-318 A.D. Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, laureate and veiled head right; Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMO-RVM MERITORVM, Emperor seated left on curule chair, raising hand and holding scepter, SIS in exergue; scarce (R3).


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D.

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Perhaps born ca. 249/250 A.D. in Sirmium in the area of the Balkans, Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Maximianus Herculius (Maximian), had been a soldier before he put on the purple. A fellow soldier with the Emperor Diocletian, he had served in the military during the reigns of Aurelian and Probus.

When the Emperor Diocletian determined that the empire was too large for one man to govern on his own, he made Maximian his Caesar in 285/6 and elevated him to the rank of Augustus in perhaps the spring of 286. While Diocletian ruled in the East, Maximian ruled in the West. In 293, in order to maintain and to strengthen the stability of the empire, Diocletian appointed Constantius I Chlorus to serve Maximian as a Caesar in the West, while Galerius did the same job in the East. This arrangement, called the "Tetrarchy", was meant not only to provide a stronger foundation for the two emperors' rule, but also to end any possible fighting over the succession to the throne once the two senior Augusti had left the throne--a problem which had bedeviled the principate since the time of the Emperor Augustus. To cement the relationship between Maximian and his Caesar, Constantius married Maximian's elder daughter Theodora. A decade later, Constantius' son Constantine would marry Maximia's younger daughter Fausta.

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximian, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple. Their resignations seem largely due to the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian seems to have forced his colleague to abdicate. In any case, Herculius had sworn an oath at the temple of Capitoline Jupiter to carry out the terms of the abdication. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Diocletian's retirement was at Salonae in Dalmatia, while Herculius' retreat was either in Lucania or Campania.

Maximian's retirement, however, was of short duration because, a little more than a year later on 28 October 306, his son Maxentius was proclaimed emperor at Rome. To give his regime an aura of legitimacy, Maximian was forced to affirm his son's acclamation. When Galerius learned of Maxentius' rebellion, he sent Severus against him with an army that had formerly been under his father's command. Maxentius invested his father with the purple again to win over his enemy's troops, a ruse which succeeded. Perhaps to strengthen his own position, in 307 Maximian went to Gaul and married his daughter Fausta to Constantine. When Constantine refused to become embroiled in the civil war between Galerius and Maxentius, Maximian returned to Rome in 308 and attempted to depose his son; however, he did not succeed. When Maximian was unable to convince Diocletian to take up the purple again at a meeting in Carnuntum in late 308, he returned to his son-in-law's side in Gaul.

Although Maximian was treated with all of the respect due a former emperor, he still desired to be more than a figurehead. He decided to seize the purple from Constantine when his son-in-law least expected it. His opportunity came in the summer of 310 when the Franks revolted. When Constantine had taken a small part of his army into enemy territory, Maximian proclaimed himself again emperor and paid the soldiers under his command a donative to secure their loyalty. As soon as Constantine received news about Maximian's revolt in July 310, he went south and reached Arelate before his father-in-law could mount a defense of the city. Although Maximian fled to Massilia, his son-in-law seized the city and took Maximian prisoner. Although he was deprived of the purple, he was granted pardon for his crimes. Unable to endure the humiliation of his defeat, he attempted to have Constantine murdered in his bed. The plot failed because he tried to get his daughter Fausta's help in the matter; she chose to reveal the matter to her husband. Because of this attempt on his son-in-law's life Maximian was dead by the end of July either by his own hand or on the orders of his intended victim.

Eutropia was of Syrian extraction and her marriage to Maximian seems to have been her second. She bore him two children: Maxentius and Fausta. An older daughter, Theodora, may have been a product of her first marriage. Fausta became the wife of Constantine I , while her sister Theodora was the second spouse of his father Constantius I Chlorus . Eutropia apparently survived all her children, with the possible exception of her daughter Fausta who seems to have died in 326. Eutropia is also said to have become a Christian.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
GaleriusAugCyz.jpg
1303a, Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.35 viewsGalerius, RIC VI 59, Cyzicus S, VF, Cyzicus S, 6.4 g, 25.86 mm; 309-310 AD; Obverse: GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate bust right; Reverse: GENIO A-VGVS[TI], Genius stg. left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae. A nice example with sharp detail and nice brown hoard patina. Ex Ancient Imports.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Galerius (305-311 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University


Caius Galerius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Galerius, was from Illyricum; his father, whose name is unknown, was of peasant stock, while his mother, Romula, was from beyond the Danube. Galerius was born in Dacia Ripensis near Sardica. Although the date of his birth is unknown, he was probably born ca. 250 since he served under Aurelian. As a youth Galerius was a shepherd and acquired the nickname Armentarius. Although he seems to have started his military career under Aurelian and Probus, nothing is known about it before his accession as Caesar on 1 March 293. He served as Diocletian's Caesar in the East. Abandoning his first wife, he married Diocletian's daugher, Valeria.

As Caesar he campaigned in Egypt in 294; he seems to have taken to the field against Narses of Persia, and was defeated near Ctesiphon in 295. In 298, after he made inroads into Armenia, he obtained a treaty from the Persians favorable to the Romans. Between 299-305 he overcame the Sarmatians and the Carpi along the Danube. The Great Persecution of the Orthodox Church, which was started in 303 by the Emperor Diocletian, was probably instigated by Galerius. Because of the almost fatal illness that he contracted toward the end of 304, Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximianus Herculius, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple on 1 May 305. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. Constantius and Severus reigned in the West, whereas Galerius' and Daia's realm was the East. Although Constantius was nominally senior Augustus, the real power was in the hands of Galerius because both Caesars were his creatures.

The balance of power shifted at the end of July 306 when Constantius, with his son Constantine at his side, passed away at York in Britain where he was preparing to face incursions by the Picts; his army proclaimed Constantine his successor immediately. As soon as he received the news of the death of Constantius I and the acclamation of Constantine to the purple, Galerius raised Severus to the rank of Augustus to replace his dead colleague in August 306. Making the best of a bad situation, Galerius accepted Constantine as the new Caesar in the West. The situation became more complicated when Maxentius, with his father Maximianus Herculius acquiesing, declared himself princes on 28 October 306. When Galerius learned about the acclamation of the usurper, he dispatched the Emperor Severus to put down the rebellion. Severus took a large field army which had formerly been that of Maximianus and proceeded toward Rome and began to besiege the city, Maxentius, however, and Maximianus, by means of a ruse, convinced Severus to surrender. Later, in 307, Severus was put to death under clouded circumstances. While Severus was fighting in the west, Galerius, during late 306 or early 307, was campaigning against the Sarmatians.

In the early summer of 307 Galerius invaded Italy to avenge Severus's death; he advanced to the south and encamped at Interamna near the Tiber. His attempt to besiege the city was abortive because his army was too small to encompass the city's fortifications. Not trusting his own troops, Galerius withdrew. During its retreat, his army ravaged the Italian countryside as it was returning to its original base. When Maximianus Herculius' attempts to regain the throne between 308 and 310 by pushing his son off his throne or by winning over Constantine to his cause failed, he tried to win Diocletian and Galerius over to his side at Carnuntum in October and November 308; the outcome of the Conference at Carnuntum was that Licinius was appointed Augustus in Severus's place, that Daia and Constantine were denoted filii Augustorum, and that Herculius was completely cut out of the picture. Later, in 310, Herculius died, having been implicated in a plot against his son-in-law. After the Conference at Carnuntum, Galerius returned to Sardica where he died in the opening days of May 311.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University; Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Galerius was Caesar and tetrarch under Maximianus. Although a talented general and administrator, Galerius is better known for his key role in the "Great Persecution" of Christians. He stopped the persecution under condition the Christians pray for his return to health from a serious illness. Galerius died horribly shortly after. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.



Cleisthenes
MaxentiusRIC163.jpg
1307a, Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.60 viewsBronze follis, RIC 163, aEF, Rome mint, 5.712g, 25.6mm, 0o, summer 307 A.D.; obverse MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONSERVATO-RES VRB SVAE, Roma holding globe and scepter, seated in hexastyle temple, RT in ex; rare. Ex FORVM; Ex Maridvnvm


De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maxentius (306-312 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius, more commonly known as Maxentius, was the child of the Emperor Maximianus Herculius and the Syrian, Eutropia; he was born ca. 278 A.D. After Galerius' appointment to the rank of Caesar on 1 March 293, Maxentius married Galerius' daughter Valeria Maximilla, who bore him a son named Romulus and another son whose name is unknown. Due to his haughty nature and bad disposition, Maxentius could seldom agree with his father or his father-in-law; Galerius' and Maximianus Herculius' aversion to Maxentius prevented the young man from becoming a Caesar in 305. Little else is known of Maxentius' private life prior to his accession and, although there is some evidence that it was spent in idleness, he did become a Senator.

On 28 October 306 Maxentius was acclaimed emperor, although he was politically astute enough not to use the title Augustus; like the Emperor Augustus, he called himself princeps. It was not until the summer of 307 that he started using the title Augustus and started offending other claimants to the imperial throne. He was enthroned by the plebs and the Praetorians. At the time of his acclamation Maxentius was at a public villa on the Via Labicana. He strengthened his position with promises of riches for those who helped him obtain his objective. He forced his father Maximianus Herculius to affirm his son's acclamation in order to give his regime a facade of legitimacy. His realm included Italy, Africa, Sardinia, and Corsica. As soon as Galerius learned about the acclamation of Herculius' son, he dispatched the Emperor Severus to quell the rebellion. With the help of his father and Severus' own troops, Maxentius' took his enemy prisoner.

When Severus died, Galerius was determined to avenge his death. In the early summer of 307 the Augustus invaded Italy; he advanced to the south and encamped at Interamna near the Tiber. His attempt to besiege the city was abortive because his army was not large enough to encompass the city's fortifications. Negotiations between Maxentius and Galerius broke down when the emperor discovered that the usurper was trying to win over his troops. Galerius' troops were open to Maxentius' promises because they were fighting a civil war between members of the same family; some of the soldiers went over to the enemy. Not trusting his own troops, Galerius withdrew. During its retreat, Galerius' army ravaged the Italian countryside as it was returning to its original base. If it was not enough that Maxentius had to deal with the havoc created by the ineffectual invasions of Severus and Galerius, he also had to deal with his father's attempts to regain the throne between 308 and 310. When Maximianus Herculius was unable to regain power by pushing his son off his throne, he attempted to win over Constantine to his cause. When this plan failed, he tried to win Diocletian over to his side at Carnuntum in October and November 308. Frustrated at every turn, Herculius returned to his son-in-law Constantine's side in Gaul where he died in 310, having been implicated in a plot against his son-in-law. Maxentius' control of the situation was weakened by the revolt of L. Domitius Alexander in 308. Although the revolt only lasted until the end of 309, it drastically cut the size of the grain supply availble for Rome. Maxentius' rule collapsed when he died on 27 October 312 in an engagement he had with the Emperor Constantine at the Milvian Bridge after the latter had invaded his realm.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Lcnius1.jpg
1308b, Licinius I, 308 - 324 A.D. (Siscia)59 viewsLicinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D. Bronze follis, RIC 4, F, Siscia, 3.257g, 21.6mm, 0o, 313 - 315 A.D. Obverse: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; Reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and scepter, eagle with wreath in beak left, E right, SIS in exergue.



De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Licinius (308-324 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Licinius' Heritage

Valerius Licinianus Licinius, more commonly known as Licinius, may have been born ca. 265. Of peasant origin, his family was from Dacia. A close friend and comrade of arms of the Emperor Galerius, he accompanied him on his Persian expedition in 297. When campaigns by Severus and Galerius in late 306 or early 307 and in the summer of 307, respectively, failed to dislodge Maxentius who, with the luke warm support of his father Maximianus Herculius, was acclaimed princeps on 28 October 306, he was sent by the eastern emperor to Maxentius as an ambassador; the diplomatic mission, however, failed because the usurper refused to submit to the authority of his father-in-law Galerius. At the Conference of Carnuntum which was held in October or November of 308, Licinius was made an Augustus on 11 November 308; his realm included Thrace, Illyricum, and Pannonia.

Licinius' Early Reign

Although Licinius was initially appointed by Galerius to replace Severus to end the revolt of Maxentius , Licinius (perhaps wisely) made no effort to move against the usurper. In fact, his first attested victory was against the Sarmatians probably in the late spring, but no later than the end of June in 310. When the Emperor Galerius died in 311, Licinius met Maximinus Daia at the Bosporus during the early summer of that year; they concluded a treaty and divided Galerius' realm between them. It was little more than a year later that the Emperor Constantine defeated Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge on 28 October 312. After the defeat of the usurper, Constantine and Licinius met at Mediolanum (Milan) where Licinius married the former's sister Constantia; one child was born of this union: Valerius Licinianus Licinius. Licinius had another son, born of a slave woman, whose name is unknown. It appears that both emperors promulgated the so-called Edict of Milan, in which Constantine and Licinius granted Christians the freedom to practice their faith without any interference from the state.

As soon as he seems to have learned about the marital alliance between Licinius and Constantine and the death of Maxentius, who had been his ally, Daia traversed Asia Minor and, in April 313, he crossed the Bosporus and went to Byzantium, which he took from Licinius after an eleven day siege. On 30 April 313 the armies of both emperors clashed on the Campus Ergenus; in the ensuing battle Daia's forces were routed. A last ditch stand by Daia at the Cilician Gates failed; the eastern emperor subsequently died in the area of Tarsus probably in July or August 313. As soon as he arrived in Nicomedeia, Licinius promulgated the Edict of Milan. As soon as he had matters in Nicomedeia straightened out, Licinius campaigned against the Persians in the remaining part of 313 and the opening months of 314.

The First Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine

Once Licinius had defeated Maximinus Daia, the sole rulers of the Roman world were he and Constantine. It is obvious that the marriage of Licinius to Constantia was simply a union of convenience. In any case, there is evidence in the sources that both emperors were looking for an excuse to attack the other. The affair involving Bassianus (the husband of Constantius I's daughter Anastasia ), mentioned in the text of Anonymus Valesianus (5.14ff), may have sparked the falling out between the two emperors. In any case, Constantine' s forces joined battle with those of Licinius at Cibalae in Pannonia on 8 October 314. When the battle was over, Constantine prevailed; his victory, however, was Pyrrhic. Both emperors had been involved in exhausting military campaigns in the previous year and the months leading up to Cibalae and each of their realms had expanded so fast that their manpower reserves must have been stretched to the limit. Both men retreated to their own territory to lick their wounds. It may well be that the two emperors made an agreement, which has left no direct trace in the historical record, which would effectively restore the status quo.

Both emperors were variously engaged in different activities between 315 and 316. In addition to campaigning against the Germans while residing in Augusta Treverorum (Trier) in 315, Constantine dealt with aspects of the Donatist controversy; he also traveled to Rome where he celebrated his Decennalia. Licinius, possibly residing at Sirmium, was probably waging war against the Goths. Although not much else is known about Licinius' activities during this period, it is probable that he spent much of his time preparing for his impending war against Constantine; the latter,who spent the spring and summer of 316 in Augusta Treverorum, was probably doing much the same thing. In any case, by December 316, the western emperor was in Sardica with his army. Sometime between 1 December and 28 February 317, both emperors' armies joined battle on the Campus Ardiensis; as was the case in the previous engagement, Constantine' s forces were victorious. On 1 March 317, both sides agreed to a cessation of hostilities; possibly because of the intervention of his wife Constantia, Licinius was able to keep his throne, although he had to agree to the execution of his colleague Valens, who the eastern emperor had appointed as his colleague before the battle, as well as to cede some of his territory to his brother-in-law.

Licinius and the Christians

Although the historical record is not completely clear, Licinius seems to have campaigned against the Sarmatians in 318. He also appears to have been in Byzantium in the summer of 318 and later in June 323. Beyond these few facts, not much else is known about his residences until mid summer of 324. Although he and Constantine had issued the Edict of Milan in early 313, Licinius turned on the Christians in his realm seemingly in 320. The first law that Licinius issued prevented bishops from communicating with each other and from holding synods to discuss matters of interest to them. The second law prohibited men and women from attending services together and young girls from receiving instruction from their bishop or schools. When this law was issued, he also gave orders that Christians could hold services only outside of city walls. Additionally, he deprived officers in the army of their commissions if they did not sacrifice to the gods. Licinius may have been trying to incite Constantine to attack him. In any case, the growing tension between the two rulers is reflected in the consular Fasti of the period.

The Second Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine and Licinius' Death

War actually broke out in 321 when Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging some territory in his realm, across the Danube. When he checked a similar invasion of the Goths, who were devastating Thrace, Licinius complained that Constantine had broken the treaty between them. Having assembled a fleet and army at Thessalonica, Constantine advanced toward Adrianople. Licinius engaged the forces of his brother-in-law near the banks of the Hebrus River on 3 July 324 where he was routed; with as many men as he could gather, he headed for his fleet which was in the Hellespont. Those of his soldiers who were not killed or put to flight, surrendered to the enemy. Licinius fled to Byzantium, where he was besieged by Constantine. Licinius' fleet, under the command of the admiral Abantus, was overcome by bad weather and by Constantine' s fleet which was under the command of his son Crispus. Hard pressed in Byzantium, Licinius abandoned the city to his rival and fled to Chalcedon in Bithynia. Leaving Martinianus, his former magister officiorum and now his co-ruler, to impede Constantine' s progress, Licinius regrouped his forces and engaged his enemy at Chrysopolis where he was again routed on 18 September 324. He fled to Nicomedeia which Constantine began to besiege. On the next day Licinius abdicated and was sent to Thessalonica, where he was kept under house arrest. Both Licinius and his associate were put to death by Constantine. Martinianus may have been put to death before the end of 324, whereas Licinius was not put to death until the spring of 325. Rumors circulated that Licinius had been put to death because he attempted another rebellion against Constantine.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
Licin1AEFolJupiAlex.jpg
1308c, Licinius I, 308-324 A.D. (Alexandria)66 viewsLicinius I, 308-324 A.D. AE Follis, 3.60g, VF, 315 A.D., Alexandria. Obverse: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG - Laureate head right; Reverse: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG - Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on a globe and scepter; exergue: ALE / (wreath) over "B" over "N." Ref: RIC VII, 10 (B = r2) Rare, page 705 - Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, Scotland.


De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Licinius (308-324 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Licinius' Heritage

Valerius Licinianus Licinius, more commonly known as Licinius, may have been born ca. 265. Of peasant origin, his family was from Dacia. A close friend and comrade of arms of the Emperor Galerius, he accompanied him on his Persian expedition in 297. When campaigns by Severus and Galerius in late 306 or early 307 and in the summer of 307, respectively, failed to dislodge Maxentius who, with the luke warm support of his father Maximianus Herculius, was acclaimed princeps on 28 October 306, he was sent by the eastern emperor to Maxentius as an ambassador; the diplomatic mission, however, failed because the usurper refused to submit to the authority of his father-in-law Galerius. At the Conference of Carnuntum which was held in October or November of 308, Licinius was made an Augustus on 11 November 308; his realm included Thrace, Illyricum, and Pannonia.

Licinius' Early Reign

Although Licinius was initially appointed by Galerius to replace Severus to end the revolt of Maxentius , Licinius (perhaps wisely) made no effort to move against the usurper. In fact, his first attested victory was against the Sarmatians probably in the late spring, but no later than the end of June in 310. When the Emperor Galerius died in 311, Licinius met Maximinus Daia at the Bosporus during the early summer of that year; they concluded a treaty and divided Galerius' realm between them. It was little more than a year later that the Emperor Constantine defeated Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge on 28 October 312. After the defeat of the usurper, Constantine and Licinius met at Mediolanum (Milan) where Licinius married the former's sister Constantia; one child was born of this union: Valerius Licinianus Licinius. Licinius had another son, born of a slave woman, whose name is unknown. It appears that both emperors promulgated the so-called Edict of Milan, in which Constantine and Licinius granted Christians the freedom to practice their faith without any interference from the state.

As soon as he seems to have learned about the marital alliance between Licinius and Constantine and the death of Maxentius, who had been his ally, Daia traversed Asia Minor and, in April 313, he crossed the Bosporus and went to Byzantium, which he took from Licinius after an eleven day siege. On 30 April 313 the armies of both emperors clashed on the Campus Ergenus; in the ensuing battle Daia's forces were routed. A last ditch stand by Daia at the Cilician Gates failed; the eastern emperor subsequently died in the area of Tarsus probably in July or August 313. As soon as he arrived in Nicomedeia, Licinius promulgated the Edict of Milan. As soon as he had matters in Nicomedeia straightened out, Licinius campaigned against the Persians in the remaining part of 313 and the opening months of 314.

The First Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine

Once Licinius had defeated Maximinus Daia, the sole rulers of the Roman world were he and Constantine. It is obvious that the marriage of Licinius to Constantia was simply a union of convenience. In any case, there is evidence in the sources that both emperors were looking for an excuse to attack the other. The affair involving Bassianus (the husband of Constantius I's daughter Anastasia ), mentioned in the text of Anonymus Valesianus (5.14ff), may have sparked the falling out between the two emperors. In any case, Constantine' s forces joined battle with those of Licinius at Cibalae in Pannonia on 8 October 314. When the battle was over, Constantine prevailed; his victory, however, was Pyrrhic. Both emperors had been involved in exhausting military campaigns in the previous year and the months leading up to Cibalae and each of their realms had expanded so fast that their manpower reserves must have been stretched to the limit. Both men retreated to their own territory to lick their wounds. It may well be that the two emperors made an agreement, which has left no direct trace in the historical record, which would effectively restore the status quo.

Both emperors were variously engaged in different activities between 315 and 316. In addition to campaigning against the Germans while residing in Augusta Treverorum (Trier) in 315, Constantine dealt with aspects of the Donatist controversy; he also traveled to Rome where he celebrated his Decennalia. Licinius, possibly residing at Sirmium, was probably waging war against the Goths. Although not much else is known about Licinius' activities during this period, it is probable that he spent much of his time preparing for his impending war against Constantine; the latter,who spent the spring and summer of 316 in Augusta Treverorum, was probably doing much the same thing. In any case, by December 316, the western emperor was in Sardica with his army. Sometime between 1 December and 28 February 317, both emperors' armies joined battle on the Campus Ardiensis; as was the case in the previous engagement, Constantine' s forces were victorious. On 1 March 317, both sides agreed to a cessation of hostilities; possibly because of the intervention of his wife Constantia, Licinius was able to keep his throne, although he had to agree to the execution of his colleague Valens, who the eastern emperor had appointed as his colleague before the battle, as well as to cede some of his territory to his brother-in-law.

Licinius and the Christians

Although the historical record is not completely clear, Licinius seems to have campaigned against the Sarmatians in 318. He also appears to have been in Byzantium in the summer of 318 and later in June 323. Beyond these few facts, not much else is known about his residences until mid summer of 324. Although he and Constantine had issued the Edict of Milan in early 313, Licinius turned on the Christians in his realm seemingly in 320. The first law that Licinius issued prevented bishops from communicating with each other and from holding synods to discuss matters of interest to them. The second law prohibited men and women from attending services together and young girls from receiving instruction from their bishop or schools. When this law was issued, he also gave orders that Christians could hold services only outside of city walls. Additionally, he deprived officers in the army of their commissions if they did not sacrifice to the gods. Licinius may have been trying to incite Constantine to attack him. In any case, the growing tension between the two rulers is reflected in the consular Fasti of the period.

The Second Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine and Licinius' Death

War actually broke out in 321 when Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging some territory in his realm, across the Danube. When he checked a similar invasion of the Goths, who were devastating Thrace, Licinius complained that Constantine had broken the treaty between them. Having assembled a fleet and army at Thessalonica, Constantine advanced toward Adrianople. Licinius engaged the forces of his brother-in-law near the banks of the Hebrus River on 3 July 324 where he was routed; with as many men as he could gather, he headed for his fleet which was in the Hellespont. Those of his soldiers who were not killed or put to flight, surrendered to the enemy. Licinius fled to Byzantium, where he was besieged by Constantine. Licinius' fleet, under the command of the admiral Abantus, was overcome by bad weather and by Constantine' s fleet which was under the command of his son Crispus. Hard pressed in Byzantium, Licinius abandoned the city to his rival and fled to Chalcedon in Bithynia. Leaving Martinianus, his former magister officiorum and now his co-ruler, to impede Constantine' s progress, Licinius regrouped his forces and engaged his enemy at Chrysopolis where he was again routed on 18 September 324. He fled to Nicomedeia which Constantine began to besiege. On the next day Licinius abdicated and was sent to Thessalonica, where he was kept under house arrest. Both Licinius and his associate were put to death by Constantine. Martinianus may have been put to death before the end of 324, whereas Licinius was not put to death until the spring of 325. Rumors circulated that Licinius had been put to death because he attempted another rebellion against Constantine.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
RI_132wd_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 071 Bust Type C 26 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– COMITI PR-OBI AVG, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion skin
Minted in Lugdunum (//IIII) Emission 7, Officina 4. Summer A.D. 281 (Bastien dating)
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien 332 (1 example cited). RIC 71 Bust Type C.

4.11 gms

Note Bastien 331 is with dots and cites 4 examples, 333 (3), 334(4) are bust Type F. This coin from Obverse die of 332a and same reverse die as 331a, 333a, 333b. Only a small number of reverse dies for this type are known.
maridvnvm
RI_132we_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 071 Bust Type C41 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from rear)
Rev:– COMITI PR-OBI AVG, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion skin
Minted in Lugdunum (IIII) Emission 7, Officina 4. Summer A.D. 281
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien 330 (2 examples cited) this example with an unlisted reverse legend break though this isn't unexpected. RIC 71 Bust Type C.
maridvnvm
RI 132eu img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 376 var - Heroic Bust type (Ticinum) (SXXT)55 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, heroically nude bust left, holding spear and aegis, seen from back. ("Square shield" in RIC)
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding branch and club; lion's skin over arm
Minted in Ticinum (SXXT in exe) Emission 3 Officina 2. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 376 var. Heroic Bust type (unlisted with this bust type)
maridvnvm
RI 132uk img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 378 - Bust Type H (Ticinum) (SXXT)20 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS AVG CONS II, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin
Minted in Ticinum (SXXT in exe) Emission 4 Officina 2. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 382 Bust type H (R)

Ex-Forvm
maridvnvm
RI 132ek img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 381 - Bust Type F (Ticinum) (VIXXT) 25 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ERCVLI PACIFERO, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin
Minted in Ticinum (VIXXT in exe) Emission 4 Officina 6. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 381 Bust type F
maridvnvm
RI 132go img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 381 - Bust Type F (Ticinum) (VXXT)38 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin
Minted in Ticinum (VXXT in exe) Emission 4 Officina 5. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 381 Bust type F
maridvnvm
RI_132wn_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 383 - Bust Type G (Ticinum) (SXXT)23 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin
Minted in Ticinum (//SXXT) Emission 3 Officina 2. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 383 Bust type G.
maridvnvm
RI 132kp img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 435 var (Ticinum) (QXXT) 86 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left in elaborate cuirass decorated with Medusa medallion & holding Vitoriola (Victory on globe, facing left, holding wreath) in right hand, palm up
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Soldier standing left, holding Victory and spear and leaning on shield
Minted in Ticinum(QXXT) Emission 2 Officina 4. A.D. 276
Reference:– Cohen unlisted. RIC 435 var. (This bust type not listed in RIC or Cohen)
Die match is illustrated in Bastien's Buste Monetaire... pl. 126 number 11
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132lg img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 612 - Bust Type C (Siscia) (XXIP)57 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– P M TRI P COS II P P, Lion walking right, holding thunderbolt in mouth, before him, head of ox
Minted in Siscia (XXIP) Emission 5, Officina 1. A.D. 278
Reference:– Cohen unlisted. Not listed in Alfoldi with this bust type. cf. Type 43, nş1 (cuirassed). RIC 612 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 132ht img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 616 - Bust Type C (Siscia) (XXIQ) 36 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– P M TRI P COS III P P, Lion walking left, radiate; holding thunderbolt in mouth
Minted in Siscia (XXIQ in exe) Emission 6 Officina 4. A.D. 279
Reference:– RIC 616 var Bust type C (Not listed with this bust type in RIC). Not listed in Alföldi type 48, n° -;
Weight 3.21 gms
Size 21.43mm
maridvnvm
aelius caesar.jpg
136-138 AD - AELIUS Caesar AR denarius - struck 137 AD47 viewsobv: L AELIVS CAESAR (bare head right)
rev: TR POT COS II (Concordia seated left, holding patera and leaning on cornucopiae), CONCORD in exergue.
ref: RIC II 436 (Hadrian), RSC 1 (12frcs), BMCRE 981(Hadrian)
Scarce
2.91gms, 18mm

Lucius Ceionius Commodus, a sleek Senator from a distinguished Roman family, was plucked from obscurity by Hadrian in 136 and named as his chosen successor, with the adoptive name Lucius Aelius Caesar. The adoption was marked by the appropriate games and ceremonies, but it soon became evident the young heir was consumptive, leading Hadrian to remark that he'd blown several million sesterces to no purpose. As governor of Pannonia did Aelius no good, the wet, frigid climate worsening his condition. In January 138, Aelius died.
berserker
1298_P_Hadrian_RPC1362.jpg
1362 Hadrian, Cistophorus IONIA Smyrna Cybele seated11 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1362; Metcalf 33

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare head right

Rev. COS III
Cybele seated l. holding patera in r. and resting l. arm on tympanum; at feet, lion looking l., r. forepaw raised.

10.46 gr
27 mm
6h
okidoki
antpius as-concordia.jpg
138-161 AD - ANTONINUS PIUS AE as - struck 140-143 AD62 viewsobv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TRP COS III (laureate head right)
rev: CONCORDIA EXERCITVM / S.C. (Concordia standing left, holding Victory and aquila)
ref: RIC III 678, C.140 (2frcs)
10.26gms, 26mm

This reverse symbolises the concord between the emperor and the army. The reign of Antoninus Pius was the most peaceful in the entire history of the Principate; while there were several military disturbances throughout the Empire in his time, the Moors in Mauretania (AD150), the Jews in Iudaea (for seventeen years the Romans didn't allow the Jews to bury their dead in Betar, after the Bar Kokhba revolt), the Brigantes in Britannia (AD 140-145, the Antonine Wall being built ca. 40 miles further north), the different Germanic tribes at the Germania limes, the Alans in Dacia (AD158), and had to put down rebellions in the provinces of Achaia and Egypt (AD154).
berserker
tiberius as.jpg
14-37 AD - TIBERIUS AE as - struck 22-23 AD39 viewsobv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII (bare head left)
rev: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXIII around large S.C.
ref: RIC I 44, C.24 (5 frcs), BMC91
9.44gms, 27mm

In 6 AD Tiberius was in Carnuntum military camp. He led at least eight legions (VIII Augusta from Pannonia, XV Apollinaris and XX Valeria Victrix from Illyricum, XXI Rapax from Raetia, XIII Gemina, XIV Gemina and XVI Gallica from Germania Superior and an unknown unit) against king Maroboduus of the Marcomanni in Bohemia (Czechia). At the same time, I Germanica, V Alaudae, XVII, XVIII and XIX, - led by Caius Sentius Saturninus (governor of Germania) -, moved against Maroboduus along the Elbe. Saturninus led his forces across the country of the Chatti, and, cutting his way through the Hercynian forest, joining Tiberius on the north bank of the Danube, and both wanted to make a combined attack within a few leagues from the Marcomannic capital Boviasmum. It was the most grandiose operation that ever conducted by a Roman army, but a rebellion in Illyria obstructed its final execution.
berserker
14-Alex-Rhodes-P2521.jpg
14. Rhodes: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.16 viewsTetradrachm, ca 201 - 190 BC, Rhodes mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. ΔΑΜΑΤΡΙΟΣ and rosebud at left, ΡΟ under throne.
16.89 gm., 32 mm.
P. #2521; M. #1162.

In 202 - 201 BC, Philip V of Macedon was threatening the cities of Asia Minor. Pergamum and Rhodes were political and military rivals, but they were allies against this common aggressor. Each city struck coins of the Alexander type so that the fleet and army assembled in this alliance could be paid in a common currency. By 190 BC old animosities reemerged and the joint coinage ended.
Callimachus
Julian2VotXConstantinople.jpg
1409a, Julian II "the Philosopher," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.143 viewsJulian II, A.D. 360-363; RIC 167; VF; 2.7g, 20mm; Constantinople mint; Obverse: DN FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted & cuirassed bust right, holding spear & shield; Reverse: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines within wreath; CONSPB in exergue; Attractive green patina. Ex Nemesis.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Julian the Apostate (360-363 A.D.)

Walter E. Roberts, Emory University
Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University

Introduction

The emperor Flavius Claudius Julianus reigned from 360 to 26 June 363, when he was killed fighting against the Persians. Despite his short rule, his emperorship was pivotal in the development of the history of the later Roman empire. This essay is not meant to be a comprehensive look at the various issues central to the reign of Julian and the history of the later empire. Rather, this short work is meant to be a brief history and introduction for the general reader. Julian was the last direct descendent of the Constantinian line to ascend to the purple, and it is one of history's great ironies that he was the last non-Christian emperor. As such, he has been vilified by most Christian sources, beginning with John Chrysostom and Gregory Nazianzus in the later fourth century. This tradition was picked up by the fifth century Eusebian continuators Sozomen, Socrates Scholasticus, and Theodoret and passed on to scholars down through the 20th century. Most contemporary sources, however, paint a much more balanced picture of Julian and his reign. The adoption of Christianity by emperors and society, while still a vital concern, was but one of several issues that concerned Julian.

It is fortunate that extensive writings from Julian himself exist, which help interpret his reign in the light of contemporary evidence. Still extant are some letters, several panegyrics, and a few satires. Other contemporary sources include the soldier Ammianus Marcellinus' history, correspondence between Julian and Libanius of Antioch, several panegyrics, laws from the Theodosian Code, inscriptions, and coinage. These sources show Julian's emphasis on restoration. He saw himself as the restorer of the traditional values of Roman society. Of course much of this was rhetoric, meant to defend Julian against charges that he was a usurper. At the same time this theme of restoration was central to all emperors of the fourth century. Julian thought that he was the one emperor who could regain what was viewed as the lost glory of the Roman empire. To achieve this goal he courted select groups of social elites to get across his message of restoration. This was the way that emperors functioned in the fourth century. By choosing whom to include in the sharing of power, they sought to shape society.

Early Life

Julian was born at Constantinople in 331. His father was Julius Constantius, half-brother of the emperor Constantine through Constantius Chlorus, and his mother was Basilina, Julius' second wife. Julian had two half-brothers via Julius' first marriage. One of these was Gallus, who played a major role in Julian's life. Julian appeared destined for a bright future via his father's connection to the Constantinian house. After many years of tense relations with his three half-brothers, Constantine seemed to have welcomed them into the fold of the imperial family. From 333 to 335, Constantine conferred a series of honors upon his three half-siblings, including appointing Julius Constantius as one of the consuls for 335. Julian's mother was equally distinguished. Ammianus related that she was from a noble family. This is supported by Libanius, who claimed that she was the daughter of Julius Julianus, a Praetorian Prefect under Licinius, who was such a model of administrative virtue that he was pardoned and honored by Constantine.

Despite the fact that his mother died shortly after giving birth to him, Julian experienced an idyllic early childhood. This ended when Constantius II conducted a purge of many of his relatives shortly after Constantine's death in 337, particularly targeting the families of Constantine's half-brothers. ulian and Gallus were spared, probably due to their young age. Julian was put under the care of Mardonius, a Scythian eunuch who had tutored his mother, in 339, and was raised in the Greek philosophical tradition, and probably lived in Nicomedia. Ammianus also supplied the fact that while in Nicomedia, Julian was cared for by the local bishop Eusebius, of whom the future emperor was a distant relation. Julian was educated by some of the most famous names in grammar and rhetoric in the Greek world at that time, including Nicocles and Hecebolius. In 344 Constantius II sent Julian and Gallus to Macellum in Cappadocia, where they remained for six years. In 351, Gallus was made Caesar by Constantius II and Julian was allowed to return to Nicomedia, where he studied under Aedesius, Eusebius, and Chrysanthius, all famed philosophers, and was exposed to the Neo-Platonism that would become such a prominent part of his life. But Julian was most proud of the time he spent studying under Maximus of Ephesus, a noted Neo-Platonic philospher and theurgist. It was Maximus who completed Julian's full-scale conversion to Neo-Platonism. Later, when he was Caesar, Julian told of how he put letters from this philosopher under his pillows so that he would continue to absorb wisdom while he slept, and while campaigning on the Rhine, he sent his speeches to Maximus for approval before letting others hear them. When Gallus was executed in 354 for treason by Constantius II, Julian was summoned to Italy and essentially kept under house arrest at Comum, near Milan, for seven months before Constantius' wife Eusebia convinced the emperor that Julian posed no threat. This allowed Julian to return to Greece and continue his life as a scholar where he studied under the Neo-Platonist Priscus. Julian's life of scholarly pursuit, however, ended abruptly when he was summoned to the imperial court and made Caesar by Constantius II on 6 November 355.

Julian as Caesar

Constantius II realized an essential truth of the empire that had been evident since the time of the Tetrarchy--the empire was too big to be ruled effectively by one man. Julian was pressed into service as Caesar, or subordinate emperor, because an imperial presence was needed in the west, in particular in the Gallic provinces. Julian, due to the emperor's earlier purges, was the only viable candidate of the imperial family left who could act as Caesar. Constantius enjoined Julian with the task of restoring order along the Rhine frontier. A few days after he was made Caesar, Julian was married to Constantius' sister Helena in order to cement the alliance between the two men. On 1 December 355, Julian journeyed north, and in Augusta Taurinorum he learned that Alamannic raiders had destroyed Colonia Agrippina. He then proceeded to Vienne where he spent the winter. At Vienne, he learned that Augustudunum was also under siege, but was being held by a veteran garrison. He made this his first priority, and arrived there on 24 June 356. When he had assured himself that the city was in no immediate danger, he journeyed to Augusta Treverorum via Autessioduram, and from there to Durocortorum where he rendezvoused with his army. Julian had the army stage a series of punitive strikes around the Dieuse region, and then he moved them towards the Argentoratum/Mongontiacum region when word of barbarian incursions reached him.

From there, Julian moved on to Colonia Agrippina, and negotiated a peace with the local barbarian leaders who had assaulted the city. He then wintered at Senonae. He spent the early part of the campaigning season of 357 fighting off besiegers at Senonae, and then conducting operations around Lugdunum and Tres Tabernae. Later that summer, he encountered his watershed moment as a military general. Ammianus went into great detail about Julian's victory over seven rogue Alamannic chieftains near Argentoratum, and Julian himself bragged about it in his later writing. After this battle, the soldiers acclaimed Julian Augustus, but he rejected this title. After mounting a series of follow-up raids into Alamannic territory, he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia, and on the way defeated some Frankish raiders in the Mosa region. Julian considered this campaign one of the major events of his time as Caesar.

Julian began his 358 military campaigns early, hoping to catch the barbarians by surprise. His first target was the Franks in the northern Rhine region. He then proceeded to restore some forts in the Mosa region, but his soldiers threatened to mutiny because they were on short rations and had not been paid their donative since Julian had become Caesar. After he soothed his soldiers, Julian spent the rest of the summer negotiating a peace with various Alamannic leaders in the mid and lower Rhine areas, and retired to winter quarters at Lutetia. In 359, he prepared once again to carry out a series of punitive expeditions against the Alamanni in the Rhine region who were still hostile to the Roman presence. In preparation, the Caesar repopulated seven previously destroyed cities and set them up as supply bases and staging areas. This was done with the help of the people with whom Julian had negotiated a peace the year before. Julian then had a detachment of lightly armed soldiers cross the Rhine near Mogontiacum and conduct a guerilla strike against several chieftains. As a result of these campaigns, Julian was able to negotiate a peace with all but a handful of the Alamannic leaders, and he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia.

Of course, Julian did more than act as a general during his time as Caesar. According to Ammianus, Julian was an able administrator who took steps to correct the injustices of Constantius' appointees. Ammianus related the story of how Julian prevented Florentius, the Praetorian Prefect of Gaul, from raising taxes, and also how Julian actually took over as governor for the province of Belgica Secunda. Hilary, bishop of Poitiers, supported Ammianus' basic assessment of Julian in this regard when he reported that Julian was an able representative of the emperor to the Gallic provincials. There is also epigraphic evidence to support Julian's popularity amongst the provincial elites. An inscription found near Beneventum in Apulia reads:
"To Flavius Claudius Julianus, most noble and sanctified Caesar, from the caring Tocius Maximus, vir clarissimus, for the care of the res publica from Beneventum".

Tocius Maximus, as a vir clarissimus, was at the highest point in the social spectrum and was a leader in his local community. This inscription shows that Julian was successful in establishing a positive image amongst provincial elites while he was Caesar.

Julian Augustus

In early 360, Constantius, driven by jealousy of Julian's success, stripped Julian of many troops and officers, ostensibly because the emperor needed them for his upcoming campaign against the Persians. One of the legions ordered east, the Petulantes, did not want to leave Gaul because the majority of the soldiers in the unit were from this region. As a result they mutinied and hailed Julian as Augustus at Lutetia. Julian refused this acclamation as he had done at Argentoratum earlier, but the soldiers would have none of his denial. They raised him on a shield and adorned him with a neck chain, which had formerly been the possession of the standard-bearer of the Petulantes and symbolized a royal diadem. Julian appeared reluctantly to acquiesce to their wishes, and promised a generous donative. The exact date of his acclamation is unknown, but most scholars put it in February or March. Julian himself supported Ammianus' picture of a jealous Constantius. In his Letter to the Athenians, a document constructed to answer charges that he was a usurper, Julian stated that from the start he, as Caesar, had been meant as a figurehead to the soldiers and provincials. The real power he claimed lay with the generals and officials already present in Gaul. In fact, according to Julian, the generals were charged with watching him as much as the enemy. His account of the actual acclamation closely followed what Ammianus told us, but he stressed even more his reluctance to take power. Julian claimed that he did so only after praying to Zeus for guidance.

Fearing the reaction of Constantius, Julian sent a letter to his fellow emperor justifying the events at Lutetia and trying to arrange a peaceful solution. This letter berated Constantius for forcing the troops in Gaul into an untenable situation. Ammianus stated that Julian's letter blamed Constantius' decision to transfer Gallic legions east as the reason for the soldiers' rebellion. Julian once again asserted that he was an unwilling participant who was only following the desire of the soldiers. In both of these basic accounts Ammianus and Julian are playing upon the theme of restoration. Implicit in their version of Julian's acclamation is the argument that Constantius was unfit to rule. The soldiers were the vehicle of the gods' will. The Letter to the Athenians is full of references to the fact that Julian was assuming the mantle of Augustus at the instigation of the gods. Ammianus summed up this position nicely when he related the story of how, when Julian was agonizing over whether to accept the soldiers' acclamation, he had a dream in which he was visited by the Genius (guardian spirit) of the Roman state. The Genius told Julian that it had often tried to bestow high honors upon Julian but had been rebuffed. Now, the Genius went on to say, was Julian's final chance to take the power that was rightfully his. If the Caesar refused this chance, the Genius would depart forever, and both Julian and the state would rue Julian's rejection. Julian himself wrote a letter to his friend Maximus of Ephesus in November of 361 detailing his thoughts on his proclamation. In this letter, Julian stated that the soldiers proclaimed him Augustus against his will. Julian, however, defended his accession, saying that the gods willed it and that he had treated his enemies with clemency and justice. He went on to say that he led the troops in propitiating the traditional deities, because the gods commanded him to return to the traditional rites, and would reward him if he fulfilled this duty.

During 360 an uneasy peace simmered between the two emperors. Julian spent the 360 campaigning season continuing his efforts to restore order along the Rhine, while Constantius continued operations against the Persians. Julian wintered in Vienne, and celebrated his Quinquennalia. It was at this time that his wife Helena died, and he sent her remains to Rome for a proper burial at his family villa on the Via Nomentana where the body of her sister was entombed. The uneasy peace held through the summer of 361, but Julian concentrated his military operations around harassing the Alamannic chieftain Vadomarius and his allies, who had concluded a peace treaty with Constantius some years earlier. By the end of the summer, Julian decided to put an end to the waiting and gathered his army to march east against Constantius. The empire teetered on the brink of another civil war. Constantius had spent the summer negotiating with the Persians and making preparations for possible military action against his cousin. When he was assured that the Persians would not attack, he summoned his army and sallied forth to meet Julian. As the armies drew inexorably closer to one another, the empire was saved from another bloody civil war when Constantius died unexpectedly of natural causes on 3 November near the town of Mopsucrenae in Cilicia, naming Julian -- the sources say-- as his legitimate successor.

Julian was in Dacia when he learned of his cousin's death. He made his way through Thrace and came to Constantinople on 11 December 361 where Julian honored the emperor with the funeral rites appropriate for a man of his station. Julian immediately set about putting his supporters in positions of power and trimming the imperial bureaucracy, which had become extremely overstaffed during Constantius' reign. Cooks and barbers had increased during the late emperor's reign and Julian expelled them from his court. Ammianus gave a mixed assessment of how the new emperor handled the followers of Constantius. Traditionally, emperors were supposed to show clemency to the supporters of a defeated enemy. Julian, however, gave some men over to death to appease the army. Ammianus used the case of Ursulus, Constantius' comes sacrum largitionum, to illustrate his point. Ursulus had actually tried to acquire money for the Gallic troops when Julian had first been appointed Caesar, but he had also made a disparaging remark about the ineffectiveness of the army after the battle of Amida. The soldiers remembered this, and when Julian became sole Augustus, they demanded Ursulus' head. Julian obliged, much to the disapproval of Ammianus. This seems to be a case of Julian courting the favor of the military leadership, and is indicative of a pattern in which Julian courted the goodwill of various societal elites to legitimize his position as emperor.

Another case in point is the officials who made up the imperial bureaucracy. Many of them were subjected to trial and punishment. To achieve this goal, during the last weeks of December 361 Julian assembled a military tribunal at Chalcedon, empanelling six judges to try the cases. The president of the tribunal was Salutius, just promoted to the rank of Praetorian Prefect; the five other members were Mamertinus, the orator, and four general officers: Jovinus, Agilo, Nevitta, and Arbetio. Relative to the proceedings of the tribunal, Ammianus noted that the judges, " . . . oversaw the cases more vehemently than was right or fair, with the exception of a few . . .." Ammianus' account of Julian's attempt at reform of the imperial bureaucracy is supported by legal evidence from the Theodosian Code. A series of laws sent to Mamertinus, Julian's appointee as Praetorian Prefect in Italy, Illyricum, and Africa, illustrate this point nicely. On 6 June 362, Mamertinus received a law that prohibited provincial governors from bypassing the Vicars when giving their reports to the Prefect. Traditionally, Vicars were given civil authority over a group of provinces, and were in theory meant to serve as a middle step between governors and Prefects. This law suggests that the Vicars were being left out, at least in Illyricum. Julian issued another edict to Mamertinus on 22 February 362 to stop abuse of the public post by governors. According to this law, only Mamertinus could issue post warrants, but the Vicars were given twelve blank warrants to be used as they saw fit, and each governor was given two. Continuing the trend of bureaucratic reform, Julian also imposed penalties on governors who purposefully delayed appeals in court cases they had heard. The emperor also established a new official to weigh solidi used in official government transactions to combat coin clipping.

For Julian, reigning in the abuses of imperial bureaucrats was one step in restoring the prestige of the office of emperor. Because he could not affect all elements of society personally, Julian, like other Neo-Flavian emperors, decided to concentrate on select groups of societal elites as intercessors between himself and the general populace. One of these groups was the imperial bureaucracy. Julian made it very clear that imperial officials were intercessors in a very real sense in a letter to Alypius, Vicar of Britain. In this letter, sent from Gaul sometime before 361, the emperor praises Alypius for his use of "mildness and moderation with courage and force" in his rule of the provincials. Such virtues were characteristic of the emperors, and it was good that Alypius is representing Julian in this way. Julian courted the army because it put him in power. Another group he sought to include in his rule was the traditional Senatorial aristocracy. One of his first appointments as consul was Claudius Mamertinus, a Gallic Senator and rhetorician. Mamertinus' speech in praise of Julian delivered at Constantinople in January of 362 is preserved. In this speech, Claudius presented his consular selection as inaugurating a new golden age and Julian as the restorer of the empire founded by Augustus. The image Mamertinus gave of his own consulate inaugurating a new golden age is not merely formulaic. The comparison of Julian to Augustus has very real, if implicit, relevance to Claudius' situation. Claudius emphasized the imperial period as the true age of renewal. Augustus ushered in a new era with his formation of a partnership between the emperor and the Senate based upon a series of honors and offices bestowed upon the Senate in return for their role as intercessor between emperor and populace. It was this system that Julian was restoring, and the consulate was one concrete example of this bond. To be chosen as a consul by the emperor, who himself had been divinely mandated, was a divine honor. In addition to being named consul, Mamertinus went on to hold several offices under Julian, including the Prefecture of Italy, Illyricum, and Africa. Similarly, inscriptional evidence illustrates a link between municipal elites and Julian during his time as Caesar, something which continued after he became emperor. One concrete example comes from the municipal senate of Aceruntia in Apulia, which established a monument on which Julian is styled as "Repairer of the World."

Julian seems to have given up actual Christian belief before his acclamation as emperor and was a practitioner of more traditional Greco-Roman religious beliefs, in particular, a follower of certain late antique Platonist philosophers who were especially adept at theurgy as was noted earlier. In fact Julian himself spoke of his conversion to Neo-Platonism in a letter to the Alexandrians written in 363. He stated that he had abandoned Christianity when he was twenty years old and been an adherent of the traditional Greco-Roman deities for the twelve years prior to writing this letter.

(For the complete text of this article see: http://www.roman-emperors.org/julian.htm)

Julian’s Persian Campaign

The exact goals Julian had for his ill-fated Persian campaign were never clear. The Sassanid Persians, and before them the Parthians, had been a traditional enemy from the time of the Late Republic, and indeed Constantius had been conducting a war against them before Julian's accession forced the former to forge an uneasy peace. Julian, however, had no concrete reason to reopen hostilities in the east. Socrates Scholasticus attributed Julian's motives to imitation of Alexander the Great, but perhaps the real reason lay in his need to gather the support of the army. Despite his acclamation by the Gallic legions, relations between Julian and the top military officers was uneasy at best. A war against the Persians would have brought prestige and power both to Julian and the army.

Julian set out on his fateful campaign on 5 March 363. Using his trademark strategy of striking quickly and where least expected, he moved his army through Heirapolis and from there speedily across the Euphrates and into the province of Mesopotamia, where he stopped at the town of Batnae. His plan was to eventually return through Armenia and winter in Tarsus. Once in Mesopotamia, Julian was faced with the decision of whether to travel south through the province of Babylonia or cross the Tigris into Assyria, and he eventually decided to move south through Babylonia and turn west into Assyria at a later date. By 27 March, he had the bulk of his army across the Euphrates, and had also arranged a flotilla to guard his supply line along the mighty river. He then left his generals Procopius and Sebastianus to help Arsacius, the king of Armenia and a Roman client, to guard the northern Tigris line. It was also during this time that he received the surrender of many prominent local leaders who had nominally supported the Persians. These men supplied Julian with money and troops for further military action against their former masters. Julian decided to turn south into Babylonia and proceeded along the Euphrates, coming to the fortress of Cercusium at the junction of the Abora and Euphrates Rivers around the first of April, and from there he took his army west to a region called Zaitha near the abandoned town of Dura where they visited the tomb of the emperor Gordian which was in the area. On April 7 he set out from there into the heart of Babylonia and towards Assyria.

Ammianus then stated that Julian and his army crossed into Assyria, which on the face of things appears very confusing. Julian still seems to be operating within the province of Babylonia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The confusion is alleviated when one realizes that,for Ammianus, the region of Assyria encompassed the provinces of Babylonia and Assyria. On their march, Julian's forces took the fortress of Anatha, received the surrender and support of several more local princes, and ravaged the countryside of Assyria between the rivers. As the army continued south, they came across the fortresses Thilutha and Achaiachala, but these places were too well defended and Julian decided to leave them alone. Further south were the cities Diacira and Ozogardana, which the Roman forces sacked and burned. Soon, Julian came to Pirisabora and a brief siege ensued, but the city fell and was also looted and destroyed. It was also at this time that the Roman army met its first systematic resistance from the Persians. As the Romans penetrated further south and west, the local inhabitants began to flood their route. Nevertheless, the Roman forces pressed on and came to Maiozamalcha, a sizable city not far from Ctesiphon. After a short siege, this city too fell to Julian. Inexorably, Julian's forces zeroed in on Ctesiphon, but as they drew closer, the Persian resistance grew fiercer, with guerilla raids whittling at Julian's men and supplies. A sizable force of the army was lost and the emperor himself was almost killed taking a fort a few miles from the target city.
Finally, the army approached Ctesiphon following a canal that linked the Tigris and Euphrates. It soon became apparent after a few preliminary skirmishes that a protracted siege would be necessary to take this important city. Many of his generals, however, thought that pursuing this course of action would be foolish. Julian reluctantly agreed, but became enraged by this failure and ordered his fleet to be burned as he decided to march through the province of Assyria. Julian had planned for his army to live off the land, but the Persians employed a scorched-earth policy. When it became apparent that his army would perish (because his supplies were beginning to dwindle) from starvation and the heat if he continued his campaign, and also in the face of superior numbers of the enemy, Julian ordered a retreat on 16 June. As the Roman army retreated, they were constantly harassed by guerilla strikes. It was during one of these raids that Julian got caught up in the fighting and took a spear to his abdomen. Mortally wounded he was carried to his tent, where, after conferring with some of his officers, he died. The date was 26 June 363.

Conclusion

Thus an ignominious end for a man came about who had hoped to restore the glory of the Roman empire during his reign as emperor. Due to his intense hatred of Christianity, the opinion of posterity has not been kind to Julian. The contemporary opinion, however, was overall positive. The evidence shows that Julian was a complex ruler with a definite agenda to use traditional social institutions in order to revive what he saw as a collapsing empire. In the final assessment, he was not so different from any of the other emperors of the fourth century. He was a man grasping desperately to hang on to a Greco-Roman conception of leadership that was undergoing a subtle yet profound change.
Copyright (C) 2002, Walter E. Roberts and Michael DiMaio, Jr. Used by permission.

In reality, Julian worked to promote culture and philosophy in any manifestation. He tried to reduce taxes and the public debts of municipalities; he augmented administrative decentralisation; he promoted a campaign of austerity to reduce public expenditure (setting himself as the example). He reformed the postal service and eliminated the powerful secret police.
by Federico Morando; JULIAN II, The Apostate, http://www.forumancientcoins.com/NumisWiki/view.asp?key=Julian%20II

Flavius Claudius Iulianus was born in 331 or maybe 332 A.D. in Constantinople. He ruled the Western Empire as Caesar from 355 to 360 and was hailed Augustus by his legions in Lutetia (Paris) in 360. Julian was a gifted administrator and military strategist. Famed as the last pagan emperor, his reinstatement of the pagan religion earned him the moniker "the Apostate." As evidenced by his brilliant writing, some of which has survived to the present day, the title "the Philosopher" may have been more appropriate. He died from wounds suffered during the Persian campaign of 363 A.D. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.




2 commentsCleisthenes
RI_141ch_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C12 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (D // XXI Dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
maridvnvm
RI_141cc_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C10 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (E // XXI Dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
maridvnvm
RI_141by_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C10 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (? // XXI Dot) Uncertain officina mark. Clogged die?
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
maridvnvm
RI_141cf_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C13 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (A // XXI Dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
maridvnvm
RI_141bu_img~0.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C9 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (D // XXI Dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
maridvnvm
RI 141bo img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 93 Bust Type C16 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen half from the rear
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Jupiter standing right holding thunderbolt & scepter facing Hercules standing left holding lion’s skin and club
Minted in Lugdunum (A/SML). Emission 4, Officina 1. Start to Summer A.D. 287
Reference:– Cohen 507. Bastien VII 108 (5 examples cited). RIC V Pt 2 93 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
1421_Henry_V_AR_Double-Turnois.JPG
1413 - 1422, Henry V, Billon Niquet (Double Tournois) struck in 1421 at Rouen, France25 viewsObverse: + H REX ANGL HERES FRANC. Crowned lion passant facing left, fleur-de-lis above. Pellet mintmark below first letter of legend = Rouen mint.
Reverse: + SIT NOME DNI BENEDICTV. Cross pattée with lis in angles and lombardic 'h' in centre.
Diameter: 24mm | Weight: 1.9gms | Die Axis: 9
SPINK: 8162 | Duplessy: 441

This Anglo-Gallic coin, colloquially called a “leopard” after its obverse design, bears the titles of Henry V as king of England and heir to the French kingdom.

Henry V was King of England from 1413 until his sudden death on 31st August 1422. He is thought to have died from dysentery contracted during the siege of Meaux in France. He was 36 years old and had reigned for nine years. He was the second English monarch of the House of Lancaster.
During the reign of his father, King Henry IV, Henry had acquired an increasing share in England's government due to his father's declining health. After his father's death in 1413, Henry assumed control of the country and asserted the pending English claim to the French throne.
In 1415, Henry embarked on war with France in the ongoing Hundred Years' War between the two countries. Despite his relatively short reign, Henry's outstanding military successes, most notably in his famous victory at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, made England one of the strongest military powers in Europe.
In 1420, after months of negotiation with Charles VI of France, the Treaty of Troyes was signed recognising Henry V as regent and heir apparent to the French throne. To seal the pact Henry married Charles' daughter, Catherine of Valois. Henry's sudden death however, prevented the prospect of the English King taking the French throne from ever taking place.
Immortalised in the plays of Shakespeare, Henry V is known and celebrated as one of the great warrior kings of medieval England.
2 comments*Alex
1287_P_Hadrian_RPC--.jpg
1424 Hadrian, Cistophorus Uncertain mint in Asia Minor, Heracles standing16 viewsReference.
RPC III, --; RIC --; Metclaf 100 (reverse)

Issue Group 1: AVGVSTVS HADRIANVS P P

Obv. AVGVSTVS HADRIANVS P P
Bare head right

Rev. COS III
Heracles standing r., r. hand on hip, l. reading on club with lion skin set on rock

9.93 gr
30 mm
6h
okidoki
RI_146dp_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - Follis - RIC VI Lugdunum 85 17 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding club over right shoulder and lion's skin in left hand
Rev:– GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera, plain altar beneath.
Minted in Lugdunum (_ | A //PLC). Officina 1. Spring A.D. 300 – A.D. 302
Reference(s) – Bastien 148 (8). RIC VI Lugdunum 85 (Rated S)
maridvnvm
RI 146m img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 365 Bust Type F26 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG, Hercules standing left holding Victory on globe in right and club and lion skin in left
Minted in Lugdunum (S in left field). Emission 5, Officina 2. Autumn A.D. 277 – Autumn A.D. 279
References:– RIC V Part 2 365 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 178.
maridvnvm
RI 146at img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 370 var26 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Rev:– HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG, Hercules standing facing, head left, lion-skin over left arm and leaning on club, Victory on globe in right hand
Minted in Lugdunum (S in left field). Emission 5, Officina 2. Autumn A.D. 277 – Autumn A.D. 279
References:– Cohen -. RIC V Part 2 370 var (not listed with this bust type in RIC). Bastien Volume VII 188 (3 3examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146bq img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 371 Bust Type C16 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIFERO, Hercules standing left holding branch & club, lion skin over arm.
Minted in Lugdunum (B in left field, SML in exe). Emission 4. Officina 2. start to Summer A.D. 287
References:– Cohen 282. RIC V Part 2 371 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 116 (25 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146bt img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 371 Bust Type C 11 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIFERO, Hercules standing left holding branch & club, lion skin over arm.
Minted in Lugdunum (Δ in left field). Emission 3. Officina 4. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
References:– Cohen 282. RIC V Part 2 371 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 95 (20 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI_146dm_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 371 Bust Type C7 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIFERO, Hercules standing left holding branch & club, lion skin over arm.
Minted in Lugdunum (B in left field, SML in exe). Emission 4. Officina 2. start to Summer A.D. 287
References:– Cohen 282. RIC V Part 2 371 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 116 (25 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146bp img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 372 var Bust Type C 7 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIFERO, Hercules standing left holding branch & club, lion skin over arm.
Minted in Lugdunum (Γ in left field). Emission 3. Officina 3. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
References:– Cohen 280. RIC V Part 2 372 Bust Type C (Not listed with Γ in left field in RIC). Bastien Volume VII 94 (16 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI_146de_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 43213 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding scepter, clasping hand of Hercules standing left holding club and lion’s skin
Minted in Lugdunum (//C). Emission 2, Officina 3. Spring to Summer A.D. 286
Reference:– Cohen 604. Bastien VII 62 (12). RIC V Pt. 2 432
maridvnvm
RI 146be img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 432 Bust Type C13 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding scepter, clasping hand of Hercules standing left holding club and lion’s skin
Minted in Lugdunum (D in centre field). Emission 2, Officina 4. Spring – Summer A.D. 286
References:– Cohen 604. RIC V Part 2 432 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 71 (26 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI_146dv_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 437 Bust Type C8 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules, standing right, leaning on club, with lion’s skin on rock.
Minted in Lugdunum (Retrograde C|_). Emission 5. Officina 4. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen 565 Bastien 65 (2 examples cited). RIC V Pt. 2 Lugdunum 437

Weight 3.93g. 22.64mm. 180 degrees
maridvnvm
RI 146ab img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 437 corr. Bust Type C25 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club and lions skin on rock
Minted in Lugdunum (D in left field). Emission 2, Officina 4. Spring – Summer A.D. 286
References:– RIC V Part 2 437 corr. Bust Type C (RIC notes as D in centre field in error). Bastien Volume VII 67
maridvnvm
RI 146bl img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 437 corr. Bust Type C12 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club and lions skin on rock
Minted in Lugdunum (D in left field). Emission 2, Officina 4. Spring – Summer A.D. 286
References:– RIC V Part 2 437 corr. Bust Type C (RIC notes as D in centre field in error). Bastien Volume VII 67
maridvnvm
RI 146ao img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 441 Bust Type F20 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules, standing right, leaning on club, with lion’s skin on rock
Minted in Lugdunum (// C). Emission 8, Officina 3. A.D. 292
Reference(s) – RIC V Pt. 2 441 Bust Type F. Cohen 567. Bastien XI 456
maridvnvm
RI_146du_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 515 Bust Type F7 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules walking right, trophy over left shoulder, lion's skin draped over left arm, holding club in right hand
Minted in Rome (//XXIS).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 515 Bust Type F.
maridvnvm
RI_146cn_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Antoninianus - RIC V 369 var20 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG, Hercules standing facing, head left, lion-skin over left arm and leaning on club, Victory on globe in right hand
Minted in Lugdunum (S | _). Emission 5, Officina 1. Autumn A.D. 287- Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien XI 181 (1 example cited). RIC V Pt. 2 369 var (Not listed with this bust type in RIC).
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_146dg_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Antoninianus - RIC V 369 var26 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG, Hercules standing facing, head left, lion-skin over left arm and leaning on club, Victory on globe in right hand
Minted in Lugdunum (S | _). Emission 5, Officina 1. Autumn A.D. 287- Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien XI 181 (1 example cited). RIC V Pt. 2 369 var (Not listed with this bust type in RIC).
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_146db_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius, Antoninianus - RIC 371 Bust Type C 12 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIFERO, Hercules standing left holding branch & club, lion skin over arm
Minted in Lugdunum (D | _). Emission 3, Officina 4. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
Reference(s) – Cohen 282. Bastien XI 95 (20). RIC V Pt. 2 371 Bust Type C (C)
maridvnvm
RI_146cs_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius, Antoninianus - RIC 62217 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (A //XXI dot). A.D. 285-295
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 622
maridvnvm
RI 147a img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC V pt II 67381 viewsObv:– FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS CAES, Jupiter standing right, holding long sceptre and globe, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (S in centre field, XXI. in exe)
References:– RIC V part 2 673
maridvnvm
RI 147n img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Alexandria 5329 viewsObv:– IMP C CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI VLTORI, Hercules standing facing with head left, right hand leaning on club, left hand holding apples and with a lions skin hanging from the elbow
Minted in Alexandria (Δ in upper left field, S in left field, in right field, ALE in exe.) A.D. 305 to A.D. 306
References:– RIC VI Alexandria 53 (S)
maridvnvm
Edward_IV_AR_Groat_London.JPG
1471 - 1483, EDWARD IV (Second Reign), AR Groat, Struck 1477 - 1480 at London, England24 viewsObverse: EDWARD DEI GRA REX ANGL (Z FRANC +). Crowned bust of Edward IV facing within tressure of arches, trefoils on cusps, all within beaded circle. Small crosses in spaces between words in legend. Mintmark, off-flan, pierced cross.
Reverse: POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE MEVM +/ CIVITAS LONDON. Long cross dividing two concentric legends separated by two beaded circles into quarters, trefoil in each quarter of inner circle. Mintmark, pierced cross, small crosses between words in outer legend.
Diameter: 25mm | Weight: 2.7gms | Die Axis: 11
SPINK: 2096 var. (DEI rather than DI in obverse legend)

Edward IV was King of England from March 1461 to October 1470, and again from April 1471 until his sudden death in 1483. He was the first Yorkist King of England. The first half of his rule was marred by the violence associated with the Wars of the Roses, but he overcame the Lancastrian challenge to the throne at Tewkesbury in 1471 and there were no further rebellions in England during the rest of his reign.
In 1475, Edward declared war on France, landing at Calais in June. However, his ally Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, failed to provide any significant military assistance leading Edward to undertake negotiations with the French, with whom he came to terms under the Treaty of Picquigny. France provided him with an immediate payment of 75,000 crowns and a yearly pension of 50,000 crowns, thus allowing him to "recoup his finances.” Edward also backed an attempt by Alexander Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany and brother of King James III of Scotland, to take the Scottish throne in 1482. Edward's younger brother, the Duke of Gloucester (and future King Richard III) led an invasion of Scotland that resulted in the capture of Edinburgh and the Scottish king himself. Alexander Stewart, however, reneged on his agreement with Edward. The Duke of Gloucester then withdrew from his position in Edinburgh, though he did retain Berwick-upon-Tweed.
Edward became subject to an increasing number of ailments when his health began to fail and he fell fatally ill at Easter in 1483. He survived long enough though to add some codicils to his will, the most important being to name his brother Richard, Duke of Gloucester as Protector after his death. He died on 9th April 1483 and was buried in St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. He was succeeded first by his twelve-year-old son Edward V of England, who was never crowned, and then by his brother who reigned as Richard III.
It is not known what actually caused Edward's death. Pneumonia, typhoid and poison have all been conjectured, but some have attributed his death to an unhealthy lifestyle because he had become stout and inactive in the years before his death.
2 comments*Alex
RI_148v_img.jpg
148 - Galerius, Antoninianus - RIC V pt II Antioch 719 Bust Type C31 viewsObv:– GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS CAES, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (G // XXI Dot). A.D. 293 - 295
Reference:- RIC V Pt. 719 Bust Type C.
maridvnvm
1488-1513_JAMES_IV_PLACK.JPG
1488 - 1513, James IV, Billon Plack (Groat), Struck 1488 - 1513 at Edinburgh, Scotland24 viewsObverse: + IACOBVS ★ 4 : DEI ★ GRACIA ★ REX ★ SCOTTO. Crowned shield bearing lion rampant within a tressure of four arcs, crown on each side of the shield and fleur-de-lis in all the spandrels. Star stops and old English lettering in legend.
Reverse: + VILLA ★ DE EDINBVRG. Floriate cross fourchée with a saltire in the centre. Crown in each quarter of the cross. Star stops and old English lettering in legend.
Type IV issue. Scarce
Diameter: 25mm | Weight: 2.4gm | Die Axis: 3
SPINK: 5352

James IV was the King of Scotland from June 1488 until his death in battle at the age of 40 on the 9th September, 1513.
James IV's mother, Margaret of Denmark, was more popular than his father, James III, and though somewhat estranged from her husband she raised their sons at Stirling Castle until she died in 1486. Two years later, a rebellion broke out, where the rebels set up the 15-year-old Prince James as their nominal leader. The rebels fought James III at the Battle of Sauchieburn where, on 11th June 1488, the king was killed. Prince James assumed the throne as James IV and was crowned at Scone on 24th of June. However he continued to bear an intense guilt for the indirect role which he had played in the death of his father.
James maintained Scotland's traditional good relations with France, and this occasionally created diplomatic problems with England, but James recognised nonetheless that peace between Scotland and England was in the interest of both countries, and established good diplomatic relations with England as well. First he ratified the Treaty of Ayton in 1497, then, in 1502 James signed the Treaty of Perpetual Peace with Henry VII which was sealed by his marriage to Henry's daughter Margaret Tudor the next year. Anglo-Scottish relations generally remained stable until the death of Henry VII in 1509.
James saw the importance of building a fleet that could provide Scotland with a strong maritime presence, he founded two new dockyards and acquired a total of 38 ships for the Royal Scots Navy. These including the “Great Michael” which, built at great expense, was launched in 1511 and was at that time the largest ship in the world.
When war broke out between England and France, James found himself in a difficult position as an ally by treaty to both countries. But relations with England had worsened since the accession of Henry VIII, and when Henry invaded France, James reacted by declaring war on England.
James sent the Scottish navy, including the “Great Michael”, to join the ships of Louis XII of France and, hoping to take advantage of Henry's absence at the siege of Thérouanne, he himself led an invading army southward into Northumberland. However, on 9th September 1513 at the disastrous Battle of Flodden James IV was killed, he was the last monarch in Great Britain to be killed in battle. His death, along with many of his nobles including his son the archbishop of St Andrews, was one of the worst military defeats in Scotland's history and the loss of such a large portion of the political community was a major blow to the realm. James IV's corpse was identified after the battle and taken to Berwick, where it was embalmed and placed in a lead coffin before being transported to London. Catherine of Aragon, wife of Henry VIII, sent the dead king's slashed, blood-stained surcoat to Henry, who was fighting in France, with the recommendation that he use it as a war banner.
James IV's son, James V, was crowned three weeks after the disaster at Flodden, but he was not yet two years old, and his minority was to be fraught with political upheaval.
2 comments*Alex
15-Alex-Mesembria-P1013.jpg
15. Mesembria: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.33 viewsTetradrachm, ca 250 - 175 BC, Mesembria mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Monogram under throne, Corinthian helmet at left.
16.66 gm., 33 mm.
P. #1013.
1 commentsCallimachus
JAMES_VI_AE_HARDHEAD.JPG
1567 - 1625, JAMES VI (James I of England), Billon Hardhead (Twopence) struck in 1588 at Edinburgh, Scotland3 viewsObverse: •IACOB•6•D•G•R•SCOTO•. Crown above IR within inner circle of pellets. Quatrefoil mintmark in legend.
Reverse: •VINCIT•VERITAS• Crowned lion rampant facing left, two pellets (mark of value = twopence) behind, all within inner circle of pellets. Quatrefoil mintmark in legend.
Second issue, November 1588.
Diameter: 21mm | Weight: 1.2gms | Die Axis: 3
SPINK: 5518

James VI issued billon and copper coins in much smaller quantities than that of previous monarchs, none at all being struck during the first sixteen years of his reign. After his accession to the English throne, James established a currency of similar weight and fineness in both countries although a 12:1 ratio between the Scottish and English denominations was still maintained.

James VI acceded to the throne of Scotland when only 1 year old on his mother’s abdication in 1567. A council of regency was established and his good education was largely due to George Buchanan. He married Anne of Denmark in 1589. The death of Elizabeth I left James as her nearest heir and he inherited the throne of England in 1603 and ruled both England and Scotland until his death in 1625. Following the gunpowder plot of 1605 James ordered severe sanctions against Roman Catholic priests and it was during his reign that the King James, or ‘authorised’ version of the Bible, still used today, was first published.

*Alex
1589_Lion_Daalder_Holland.jpg
1589 Lion Daalder15 viewsNetherlands: Holland
1589 Lion Daalder
Obv: Knight facing, looking to his left, above shield w/ lion rampant left; MO.NO.ARG.15/89.ORDIN.HOL
Rev: Rampant lion facing left; CONFIDENS.DNO.NON.MOVETUR; mintmark: rosette
27.12 grams; 39.50 mm
Davenport: 8838
Delmonte: 831
cmcdon0923
1597_Lion_Daalder_Zeeland.jpg
1597 Lion Daalder12 viewsNetherlands: Zeeland
1597 Lion Daalder “Swimming Lion”
Obv: Knight facing, looking to his left, above shield depicting provincial arms of Zeeland w/ lion rampant in waves; MO.NO.ARG.15/97.ORDIN.ZEL
Rev: Rampant lion in waves facing left; DOMIN.SERVA.NOS.PERIMVS; mintmark: castle/tower
26.78 grams; 39.96 mm
Davenport: 8870
Delmonte: 838
cmcdon0923
16-Alex-Aradus-P3396.jpg
16. Aradus: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.65 viewsTetradrachm, 196 / 195 BC, Aradus mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Palm tree at left, ΑΡ monogram under throne, ΔΞ in exergue.
17.00 gm., 30 mm.
P. #3396.

Dating this coin: ΔΞ = year 64 = 196 / 195 BC. The era dates to 259 BC when Aradus gained its autonomy. In this series there are 35 different dates between year 17 (243 / 242 BC) and year 94 (166 / 165 BC). There are several breaks in the series (after years 45 and 69 for example) which reflect different political situations in Phoenecia.
Callimachus
16_03_a2_01_03_,_Bela_III__(1172-1196_AD),_H-61,_C1-105,_U-104,_Q-001,_9h,_13,8mm,_0,25g-s.jpg
16.03. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 16.03./a2.01./03., H-061, CNH I.-105, U-104, #0198 views16.03. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 16.03./a2.01./03., H-061, CNH I.-105, U-104, #01
avers: ONETA BELE REGIS (retrograde), Eagle standing left, AQA above ILA below, line border.
reverse: Lion advancing left.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 13,8 mm, weight: 0,25g, axis: 9h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-061, CNH I.-105, Unger-104,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 16.03./a2.01./03.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
1600-99_Lion_Daalder_Freisland.JPG
1600 Lion Daalder14 viewsNetherlands: Friesland
1600 Lion Daalder
Obv: Knight facing, looking to his left, above shield w/ lion rampant; MO.NO.ORD.1600.FRIS.VA.HOL
Rev: Rampant lion facing left; CONFIDENS.DNO.NON.MOVETVR; mintmark: provincial arms w/lion
26.78 grams; 39.96 mm
Davenport: 4851 (var)
Delmonte: 850
cmcdon0923
1601_Lion_Daalder_Holland.jpg
1601 Lion Daalder16 viewsNetherlands: Holland
1601 Lion Daalder
Obv: Knight facing, looking to his left, above shield w/ lion rampant; MO.NO.ARG.1601.ORDIN.HOL
Rev: Rampant lion facing left; CONFIDENS.DNO.NON.MOVETVR; mintmark: rosette
27.29 grams; 40.75 mm
Davenport: 4856
Delmonte: 831
cmcdon0923
1601_Half_Lion_Daalder_Holland.jpg
1601 Lion Half Daalder12 viewsNetherlands: Holland
1601 ˝ Lion Daalder
Obv: Knight facing, looking to his left, above shield w/ lion rampant; MO.NO.ARG.1601.ORDIN.HOL
Rev: Rampant lion facing left; CONFIDENS.DNO.NON.MOVETVR; mintmark: rosette
13.55 grams; 33.57 mm
Davenport: n/a
Delmonte: 870
cmcdon0923
James_I_AR_Sixpence.JPG
1603 - 1625, JAMES I (JAMES VI of Scotland), AR Sixpence struck in 1605 at London2 viewsObverse: IACOBVS•D:G:MAG:BRIT:FRA:ET•HIB:REX. Crowned and armoured bust of James I of England facing right, VI in field behind bust and mintmark (Rose) in legend above.
Reverse: •QUAE•DEVS•CONIVNXIT•NEMO•SEPARET• Square topped shield bearing the arms of England, Scotland and Ireland; 1605 above. Mintmark (rose) in legend.
Second coinage (1604 – 1619) and fourth bust with long square cut beard.
Diameter: 26mm | Weight: 2.8gms | Die Axis: 10
SPINK: 2658

The sixpence was first introduced during the reign of Edward VI in 1551, it had a facing portrait of the king with a rose to the left and the denomination VI to the right.
With the accession of James VI of Scotland to the throne of England, reigning there as James I, the royal titles and the coat of arms were altered on the coinage. The Scottish lion rampant and the Irish harp now made their appearance in the second and third quarters of the royal coat of arms of the newly formed United Kingdom and, from 1604, MAG BRIT replaced ANG SCO in the King's titles.

The infamous “Gunpowder Plot” took place on November the fifth in the year this coin was struck. The plot, to blow up the English Houses of Parliament, was foiled when a Justice of the Peace, Sir Thomas Knyvet, was secretly informed of a Catholic plot and, after giving orders for a search of the area, discovered Guy Fawkes in a cellar below the Parliament building. Thirty-six barrels of gunpowder were found and Guy Fawkes was arrested for treason and charged with trying to kill King James along with the members of Parliament who were scheduled to sit together next day.
Guy Fawkes, also known as Guido Fawkes, was tortured and questioned over the next few days and eventually confessed. He was sentenced to being hung, drawn and quartered. However, immediately before his execution on the 31st of January 1606 he fell from the scaffold where he was about to be hanged and broke his neck, so avoiding the agony of the mutilation that followed.
Guy Fawkes has become synonymous with the Gunpowder Plot which has been commemorated in Britain on the 5th of November ever since. His effigy is traditionally burned on a bonfire, usually accompanied by a fireworks display.
When I was young, on the run-up to “bonfire night”, children used to make their own “Guy” and then tout it through the streets with cries of “Penny for the Guy” something like today's Hallowe'en “trick or treat”. But this has pretty much died out now having been replaced by officially staged events.
*Alex
1609_Lion_Daalder_Zeeland.jpg
1609 Lion Daalder14 viewsNetherlands: Zeeland
1609 Lion Daalder
Obv: Knight facing, looking to his left, above shield w/ lion rampant; MO.ARG.PRO.CON / FO.BELG.ZEL
Rev: Rampant lion facing left; CONFIDENS.DNO.NON.MOVETVR; mintmark: rosette. 1609
27.12 grams; 40.29 mm
Davenport: 4872
Delmonte: 839
cmcdon0923
rjb_2016_03_02.jpg
16111 viewsMarcus Aurelius
AE medallion
Rome mint
Obv: M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG GERM SARM TRP XXXII
Laureate, draped bust right
Rev: IMP VIIII COS III PP
Emperor standing right, turning left and crowning a trophy of arm with two captives below
Gnecchi II, pl 59, 6 (obv), Gnecchi II, pl 60, 9 (rev)
mauseus