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2.jpg
22 viewsGordian II Tranquillina
AUT K MANT GORDIANOS AUG SAB
TRANKUL LINA
OULPIANON AEXIALEON

Upper coin is Anchialos of Gordian III and Tranquillina. I'll go look it up, if someone else hasn't done so already. P.L.
It is AMNG II, 1, p. 289, no. 676. Obv. Gordian facing Tranquillina, AVT K M ANT GORDIANOS AVG SAB and below TRANKVL / LINA. In her name the NK are ligate. Rev. Tyche to l. with kalathos, rudder, and cornucopiae. OVLPIANÔN | AGXIALEÔN (I used Roman letters for Greek). There Strack cites 17 specimens
+Alexios
1.jpg
21 viewsMarcus aurelius
AY KAI M AUR ANTWNEINOC

AEXIALEON

Strack, AMNG II, 1, p. 224, no. 430, which he lists as a 3-units Æ24. Bust of the fully bearded M Aurelius, with cloak over armor, to r. (probably without laurel). AV K M AVRH | ANTÔNEINOS. Rev., Homonoia stg. to l., with kalathos, patera, and cornucopiae. AGXIA | LEÔN. He lists three specimens.
+Alexios
leo_VI_the_wise.jpg
19 viewswileyc
Frankreich_France_Napoleon_III__10_Centimes_1855_D_Lyon_Adler.jpg
29 views
Frankreich

Napoleon III. 1852-1870

10 Centimes

1855 D

Münzstätte: Lyon

Vs.: Napoleon III. nach links im Perlkreis

Rs.: Adler auf Bündel im Pelkreis

Erhaltung: Fast sehr schön

Metall: Bronze

30 mm, 9,47 g _694
Antonivs Protti
RDR_Österreich_Leopold_1_Kreuzer_1701_Oppeln_Opole_Krone_Adler_Silber.jpg
35 views
RDR

Österreich

Leopold 1657-1705

1 Kreuzer

1701

Münzstätte: Oppeln

Vs.: Bekränztes Brustbild n. r.

Rs.: Gekrönter doppelköpfiger Adler mit Wertzahl auf der Brust

Literatur: Herinek 1800

Erhaltung: Fast sehr schön

Metall: Silber

17 mm, 0,77 g _2191
Antonivs Protti
Westfalen_Hieronymus_Napoleon_3_Cent_1809_Kassel_Kupfer_Monogramm.jpg
21 viewsKönigreich Westfalen

Hieronymus Napoleon, 1807 - 1813

3 Cent 1809 C, Kassel

Monogramm aus HN im Kranz.

Rs: Landesbezeichnung, Wert, Mzz. und Jahr.

Erhaltung: Sehr schön

Durchmesser: 25 mm

Gewicht: 4,3 g _694
Antonivs Protti
Spanien_Spain_Isabel_II_8_Maravedis_1845_Segovia_Löwe_Burg_Wappen_Kupfer.jpg
17 views
Spanien

Isabel II. 1833-1868

8 Maravedis

1845

Münzstätte: Segovia

Vs.: Büste n. r., darunter Jahreszahl

Rs.: Wappen im Feld, vier Lilien ins Kreuz gestellt, in den Winkeln Wappen von Kastilien und Leon

Erhaltung: Sehr schön / schön

Metall: Kupfer

28 mm, 9,50 g _490
Antonivs Protti
image00327.jpg
19 viewsHeraclius & Heraclius Constantine overstruck on Phocas & Leontia . 610-641 / 602-610. Æ follis (26.89 mm, 8.78 g, 6 h). Host coin, Theopolis (Antioch) mint, 602-610 / after 610. overstrike, Thessalonica mint. Overstrike: fragmentary, d N hЄRA[CLIЧS PP AVG] Host coin, also fragmentary, [O N FOCA] NЄ PЄ [AV] , Overstrike: Heraclius (on left, and Heraclius constantine, barely visible on right) standing facing, each holding globus cruciger, cross between their heads Host coin: Phocas on left and Leontia standing facing; Emperor holds globus cruciger, Empress holds cruciform scepter; cross between their heads / Overstrike, large M between A / N / N / O and date (not struck-up), cross above, B below, ΘЄC in exergue Host coin, large m between [A / N /] N / O and date (unclear) cross above, ThЄЧP' in exergue. Host coin, Cf. SBCV 671; Overstrike, Cf. SBCV 824. VF for type, dark green patina on devices, lighter encrustation on fields - overstrike at ~ 90º ccw.

multiply struck: host coin is Phocas & Leontia from Antioch, SBCV 671 or similar overstrike, at ~ 90º ccw, is Heraclius from Thessalonica
Quant.Geek
Sear-664.jpg
11 viewsPHOCAS (602-610). Follis. Cyzicus. Dated RY 1 (602/3). Obv: Phocas, holding globus cruciger, and Leontia, holding cruciform sceptre, standing facing. Rev: Large M; cross above, A/N/N/O - I across field; KYZA. Sear 664. Condition: Good very fine. Weight: 13.74 g. Diameter: 30 mm.Quant.Geek
Leo_I_RIC-704.jpg
4 viewsQuant.Geek
Augustus_REX_PTOL.jpg
2 Augustus and Ptolemy, King of Mauretania 28 viewsÆ Semis, Carthago Nova, Spain
C. Laetilius Apalus and Ptolemy, duoviri.

Bare head of Augustus right / Name and titles of the duoviri around diadem, REX PTOL inside

RPC 172; SNG Copenhagen 494

Ptolemy of Mauretania (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος, Latin: Ptolemaeus, 1 BC-40) was the son of Juba II and Cleopatra Selene and the grandson of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony. He was the last Roman client King of Mauretania, and the last of the Ptolemy line.
1 commentsSosius
anixk.jpg
Antiochus IX Kyzikenos14 viewsSeleukid Kings of Syria. Antiochos IX Eusebes Philopator (Kyzikenos) Æ18. Uncertain mint, probably in Phoenicia. Struck 112-101 BCE.
Obverse Winged bust of Eros right
Reverse: BASILEOS ANTIOCOU FILOPATOROS Nike advancing left, holding wreath; no controls or date visible. SC 2388; HGC 9, 1254; cf. DCA 300. 5.5g, 20.2mm,
sold 2-2018
NORMAN K
AUGUDU03-2.jpg
28 BC Colony established at Nemausus by Augustus' army424 viewsmedium bronze (dupondius or as?) (12.6g, 25mm, 2h) Nemausus mint. Struck 10 BC - 10 AD.
IMP DIVI F Agrippa laureate head left and Augustus laureate head right, back to back
COL NEM crocodile chained to palm tree top bent to right, wreath at top.
RIC (Augustus) 158

Denomination uncertain. COL NEM stands for COLONIA AVGVSTA NEMAVSVS (present Nîmes, France), built by Augustus' army after their conquest and return from Egypt. The crocodile chained to the palm tree symbolizes the defeat of the Cleopatra and Marc Antony at Actium.
2 commentsCharles S
Leo_RIC_X_666.jpg
91 Leo RIC X 666-6798 viewsLEO I
AE4, Cyzicus Mint
457-474 AD

O: DN LEO P F AVG, , pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust bust right

R: Lion crouching left, head turned right, within wreath.

RIC X 678. Sear (2014) 21462. F/aVF
Sosius
Leo_RIC_X_704.jpg
91 Leo RIC X 7047 viewsLEO I
AE4, Constantinople Mint
457-474 AD

O: DN LEO, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right

R: Leo standing facing, head right, holding long cross in right and placing left hand on head of kneeling captive.

Mintmark CN. RIC X 704. Sear (2014) 21452. VF
Sosius
coinC_copy.jpg
Antiochos VIII & Cleopatra32 viewsAE 19, 5.78g, Antiochos VIII & Cleopatra, 123 BC, Obv: Radiate head of Antiochus right.. Rev: Owl standing right, head facing on prostrate amphora / ΒΑΣΙΛΙΣΣΗΣ ΚΛΕΟΠΑΤΡΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΞΟΥ, IE in ex. , Seleukid date 190 (123 BC), aXF. S 7139, B.M.C.4.87,10, SC 2263, Hoover HGC 9, 1189 (S).Molinari
Antiochus_IX.jpg
Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C.24 viewsSeleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C. Ae 18. Weight 5.2g. Obv: Diademed head rt. Rev: Pallas Athena rt. holding shield and spear ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ. BMC 93.23
Antiochus IX Eusebes, ruler of the Greek Seleucid kingdom, was the son of Antiochus VII Sidetes and Cleopatra Thea. Upon the death of his father in Parthia and his uncle Demetrius II Nicator's return to power (129 BC), his mother sent him to Cyzicus on the Bosporus, thus giving him his nickname. He returned to Syria in 116 BC to claim the Seleucid throne from half-brother/cousin Antiochus VIII Grypus, with whom he eventually divided Syria. He was killed in battle by the son of Grypus, Seleucus VI Epiphanes in 96 BC.
ddwau
AUGUSTUS_Cistophorus_Pergamum.JPG
AUGUSTUS. AR Cistophorus (3 denarii) of Pergamum. Struck c.19 - 18 B.C.604 viewsObverse: IMP IX TR PO V. Bare head of Augustus facing right.
Reverse: Triumphal arch surmounted by Augustus in facing triumphal quadriga; IMP IX TR POT V on architrave; S P R SIGNIS RECEPTIS in three lines within arch opening, standards at either side.
RIC I : 510 | BMC : 703 | RSC : 298.

This coin commemorates Augustus' triumphant agreement with the Parthians in 20 B.C. under which they returned the legionary standards captured from Crassus who was defeated and killed at Carrhae thirty-three years earlier (53 B.C.) Augustus installed these standards in the Temple of Mars Ultor.
The reverse of the coin shows the triumphal arch which was awarded to Augustus on the occasion of his recovery of the standards. This was the second triumphal arch awarded to Augustus and, like the earlier arch which had been constructed in 29 BC to honour his victory over Cleopatra, this second arch, which archaeological evidence suggests may actually have incorporated the first arch, stood in close proximity to the Temple of Divus Julius at the southern entrance to the Roman Forum.

This is the rarest cistophorus struck during the reign of Augustus with the exception of the exceedingly rare issues featuring a sphinx.
6 commentsdivvsavgvstvs
T1118LG.jpg
C POBLICIUS Q F. 80 BC91 viewsHelmeted bust of Roma right / Hercules strangling the Nemean lion; bow and quiver at left; club below. Cr. 380/1.

POBLICIA, a plebian family, but of consular rank. Its cognomen on coins is Malleolus. There are fifteen varieties, all of silver, on some of which a small hammer or mallett is engraved, evidently alluding to the surname Malleolus.

The first of Heracles' twelve labours, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin) was to slay the Nemean lion.

According to one version of the myth, the Nemean lion took women as hostages to its lair in a cave near Nemea, luring warriors from nearby towns to save the damsel in distress. After entering the cave, the warrior would see the woman (usually feigning injury) and rush to her side. Once he was close, the woman would turn into a lion and kill the warrior, devouring his remains and giving the bones to Hades.

Heracles wandered the area until he came to the town of Cleonae. There he met a boy who said that if Heracles slew the Nemean lion and returned alive within 30 days, the town would sacrifice a lion to Zeus; but if he did not return within 30 days or he died, the boy would sacrifice himself to Zeus.[3] Another version claims that he met Molorchos, a shepherd who had lost his son to the lion, saying that if he came back within 30 days, a ram would be sacrificed to Zeus. If he did not return within 30 days, it would be sacrificed to the dead Heracles as a mourning offering.

While searching for the lion, Heracles fetched some arrows to use against it, not knowing that its golden fur was impenetrable; when he found and shot the lion and firing at it with his bow, he discovered the fur's protective property when the arrow bounced harmlessly off the creature's thigh. After some time, Heracles made the lion return to his cave. The cave had two entrances, one of which Heracles blocked; he then entered the other. In those dark and close quarters, Heracles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. Others say that he shot arrows at it, eventually shooting it in the unarmoured mouth.

After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. He then tried sharpening the knife with a stone and even tried with the stone itself. Finally, Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told Heracles to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.

When he returned on the thirtieth day carrying the carcass of the lion on his shoulders, King Eurystheus was amazed and terrified. Eurystheus forbade him ever again to enter the city; in future he was to display the fruits of his labours outside the city gates. Eurystheus warned him that the tasks set for him would become increasingly difficult. He then sent Heracles off to complete his next quest, which was to destroy the Lernaean hydra.

The Nemean lion's coat was impervious to the elements and all but the most powerful weapons. Others say that Heracles' armour was, in fact, the hide of the lion of Cithaeron.
ecoli
agrippa1.jpg
Judean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37-44 CE20 viewsBronze Prutah, Hendin 1244, Meshorer TJC 120
Jurusalem mint, 41-42 CE.
Obverse: AGRIPA BACILEOC (king Agrippa) umbrella-like canopy with fringes.
Reverse: Three heads of barley between two leaves, flanked by L-s (year 6)
17.0 mm., 2.12 g.
sold 1-2018
NORMAN K
leowi.jpg
Leo VI the Wise (870 - 912 A.D.)60 viewsÆ Follis
O: + LEOn bASILVS ROm, bust facing, with short beard, wearing crown with cross and chlamys, holding akakia in left hand.
R: + LEOn/En ΘEO bA/SILEVS R/OMEOn, inscription in four lines.
Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint
8.58g
26mm
SBCV 1729
1 commentsMat
phraatesIV.jpg
Phraates IV (38 -2 BC) AR Tetradrachm 286 SE /26 BC52 viewsObv: Phraates diademed and cuirassed bust left with long pointed beard - no royal wart on forehead.
Rev: The king enthroned r. being presented with a palm branch by Tyche, standing l. before him holding cornucopiae with pellet above arm. Seleucid date 286 (C Pi Sigma) above palm. Greek inscription in 7 lines BASILEOS/BASILEON; on r. ARSAKOY/EUERGETOY' below [DIKAOY]; on l. EPIPHANOUS/PHILELLANOS; month off flan below
Wt 14.1 gm, 26.3 mm, Sellwood type 55

The coin could be that of Tiridates I who also ruled for a few months in 26 BC. The features of the king on this coin are much closer to that of Phraates than of much rarer Tiridates I according to a reclassification of Sellwood types by deCallatay and this is the most believable. The lower lines of the inscription would also settle the issue but are lost on this coin.
Early coins of the Parthian empire showed strong Greek empahasis on classical Greek forms and humanism which is gradually lost as the empire matured and finally decayed. The coins become schematic and emphasize suface ornament rather than sculptural quality. One senses from the portrait of Phraates that brutality was a prerequisite for Parthian kings who routinely bumped off fathers and brothers in their rise to power. Like the Spartans, they had a powerful empire in their time but its contribution to civilization was limited in the long term.
1 commentsdaverino
ptolemyxiiTD.jpg
Ptolemy XII Auletes AR Tetradrachm, 72 BC75 viewsOBV: Diademed head right in aegis
REV: Eagle standing left on Thunderbolt; PTOLEMAIOY BASILEWS, [Pi A] in right field; Dated L.Theta (Year 9)

This coin was minted in the ninth year of Ptolemy XII Auletes. Svoronos originally ascribed this coin type to year 9 of Cleopatra VII (43 BC) but was reattributed by Regling to her father. This re-attribution is generally accepted. The coin is of relatively low-grade silver (ca 30%) and flat-struck on the obverse.
Svoronos 1856, Ref. Svoronos on-line
wt 13.8 gm
1 commentsdaverino
Sicily_Gallery_h.jpg
Sicily26 viewsGreek colonies dotted the island of Sicily from about the mid-8th C. BC onward, sometimes conflicting with the native tribes (Sikels to the east, Sikanians in central Sicily, and Elymians to the west) and several Phoenician colonies. The largest issuance of coinage by the city-states often came amidst conflict among themselves and later arrivals, the Carthaginians and Romans. While Greek coin types and denominations predominated, the local litra and its fractions of onkiai survived down to the Roman conquest in 212 BC, when local striking withered. Major mints include Akragas, Gela, Himera, Kamarina, Katane, Leontini, Messene, Naxos, Segesta, Selinos, Syracuse, and the siculo-punic mints of Entella and Lilybaion.
3 commentsAnaximander
DSC_0257.jpg
42 viewsBYZANTINE. Basileos. Circa 1080-1180
PB Seal (16mm, 5.15 g, 12h)
CΦPA/ ΓIC ΠЄ/ ΦVKA
TωN/ ΛOΓωN/ RACIΛ
Münz Zentrum 161 (11 January 2012), lot 841, otherwise unpublished

Ex Classical Numismatic Group E267, lot 685 (part of)
Ardatirion
Herakleopolis_5336.jpg
29 viewsEGYPT, Herakleopolis
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.25 g)
Herakles-Heryshaf standing left, resting inverted spear on ground; in right hand, Nike flying right, holding wreath
Nike flying left, holding palm frond and wreath
Milne 5335-6; Dattari (Savio) 6540; Köln 3605-6
Ardatirion
Koptos.jpg
22 viewsEGYPT, Herakleopolis?
PB Tessera (22mm, 5.26 g, 12h)
Bust of Herakles right, club over shoulder; H behind, P before
Artemis standing facing, head right, drawing arrow from quiver and holding bow; hound at side
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3497

Ardatirion
lg004_quad_sm.jpg
"As de Nîmes" or "crocodile" Ӕ dupondius of Nemausus (9 - 3 BC), honoring Augustus and Agrippa34 viewsIMP DIVI F , Heads of Agrippa (left) and Augustus (right) back to back, Agrippa wearing rostral crown and Augustus the oak-wreath / COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm-shoot with short dense fronds and tip right; two short palm offshoots left and right below, above on left a wreath with two long ties streaming right.

Ӕ, 24.5 x 3+ mm, 13.23g, die axis 3h; on both sides there are remains of what appears to be gold plating, perhaps it was a votive offering? Rough edges and slight scrapes on flan typical for this kind of coin, due to primitive technology (filing) of flan preparation.

IMPerator DIVI Filius. Mint of COLonia NEMausus (currently Nîmes, France). Known as "As de Nîmes", it is actually a dupontius (lit. "two-pounder") = 2 ases (sometimes cut in halves to get change). Dupondii were often made out of a golden-colored copper alloy (type of brass) "orichalcum" and this appears to be such case.

Key ID points: oak-wreath (microphotography shows that at least one leaf has a complicated shape, although distinguishing oak from laurel is very difficult) – earlier versions have Augustus bareheaded, no PP on obverse as in later versions, no NE ligature, palm with short fronds with tip right (later versions have tip left and sometimes long fronds). Not typical: no clear laurel wreath together with the rostral crown, gold (?) plating (!), both features really baffling.

But still clearly a "middle" kind of the croc dupondius, known as "type III": RIC I 158, RPC I 524, Sear 1730. It is often conservatively dated to 10 BC - 10 AD, but these days it is usually narrowed to 9/8 - 3 BC.

It is a commemorative issue, honoring the victory over Mark Antony and conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. The heads of Augustus and Agrippa were probably positioned to remind familiar obverses of Roman republican coins with two-faced Janus. Palm branch was a common symbol of victory, in this case grown into a tree, like the victories of Augustus and Agrippa grown into the empire. The two offshoots at the bottom may mean two sons of Agrippa, Gaius and Lucius, who were supposed to be Augustus' heirs and were patrons of the colony. Palm may also be a symbol of the local Nemausian deity, which was probably worshiped in a sacred grove. When these coins were minted, the colony was mostly populated by the settled veterans of Augustus' campaigns, hence the reminiscence of the most famous victory, but some of the original Celtic culture probably survived and was assimilated by Romans. The crocodile is not only the symbol of Egypt, like in the famous Octavian's coins AEGYPTO CAPTA. It is also a representation of Mark Antony, powerful and scary both in water and on land, but a bit slow and stupid. The shape of the crocodile with tail up was specifically chosen to remind of the shape of ship on very common "legionary" denarius series, which Mark Antony minted to pay his armies just before Actium. It is probably also related to the popular contemporary caricature of Cleopatra, riding on and simultaneously copulating with a crocodile, holding a palm branch in her hand as if in triumph. There the crocodile also symbolized Mark Antony.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was born c. 64-62 BC somewhere in rural Italy. His family was of humble and plebeian origins, but rich, of equestrian rank. Agrippa was about the same age as Octavian, and the two were educated together and became close friends. He probably first served in Caesar's Spanish campaign of 46–45 BC. Caesar regarded him highly enough to send him with Octavius in 45 BC to train in Illyria. When Octavian returned to Rome after Caesar's assassination, Agrippa became his close lieutenant, performing many tasks. He probably started his political career in 43 BC as a tribune of the people and then a member of the Senate. Then he was one of the leading Octavian's generals, finally becoming THE leading general and admiral in the civil wars of the subsequent years.

In 38 as a governor of Transalpine Gaul Agrippa undertook an expedition to Germania, thus becoming the first Roman general since Julius Caesar to cross the Rhine. During this foray he helped the Germanic tribe of Ubii (who previously allied themselves with Caesar in 55 BC) to resettle on the west bank of the Rhine. A shrine was dedicated there, possibly to Divus Caesar whom Ubii fondly remembered, and the village became known as Ara Ubiorum, "Altar of Ubians". This quickly would become an important Roman settlement. Agrippina the Younger, Agrippa's granddaughter, wife of Emperor Claudius and mother of Emperor Nero, would be born there in 15 AD. In 50 AD she would sponsor this village to be upgraded to a colonia, and it would be renamed Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (colony of Claudius [at] the Altar of Agrippinians – Ubii renamed themselves as Agrippinians to honor the augusta!), abbreviated as CCAA, later to become the capital of new Roman province, Germania Inferior.

In 37 BC Octavian recalled Agrippa back to Rome and arranged for him to win the consular elections, he desperately needed help in naval warfare with Sextus Pompey, the youngest son of Pompey the Great, who styled himself as the last supporter of the republican cause, but in reality became a pirate king, an irony since his father was the one who virtually exterminated piracy in all the Roman waters. He forced humiliating armistice on the triumvirs in 39 BC and when Octavian renewed the hostilities a year later, defeated him in a decisive naval battle of Messina. New fleet had to be built and trained, and Agrippa was the man for the job. Agrippa's solution was creating a huge secret naval base he called Portus Iulius by connecting together lakes Avernus, Avernus and the natural inner and outer harbors behind Cape Misenum at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples. He also created a larger type of ship and developed a new naval weapon: harpax – a ballista-launched grapnel shot with mechanisms that allowed pulling enemy ships close for easy boarding. It replaced the previous boarding device that Romans used since the First Punic War, corvus – effective, but extremely cumbersome. A later defence against it were scythe blades on long poles for cutting ropes, but since this invention was developed in secret, the enemy had no chance to prepare anything like it. It all has proved extremely effective: in a series of naval engagements Agrippa annihilated the fleet of Sextus, forced him to abandon his bases and run away. For this Agrippa was awarded an unprecedented honour that no Roman before or after him received: a rostral crown, "corona rostrata", a wreath decorated in front by a prow and beak of a ship.

That's why Virgil (Aeneid VIII, 683-684), describing Agrippa at Actium, says: "…belli insigne superbum, tempora navali fulgent rostrata corona." "…the proud military decoration, gleams on his brow the naval rostral crown". Actium, the decisive battle between forces of Octavian and Mark Antony, may appear boring compared to the war with Sextus, but it probably turned out this way due to Agrippa's victories in preliminary naval engagements and taking over all the strategy from Octavian.

In between the wars Agrippa has shown an unusual talent in city planning, not only constructing many new public buildings etc., but also greatly improving Rome's sanitation by doing a complete overhaul of all the aqueducts and sewers. Typically, it was Augustus who later would boast that "he had found the city of brick but left it of marble", forgetting that, just like in his naval successes, it was Agrippa who did most of the work. Agrippa had building programs in other Roman cities as well, a magnificent temple (currently known as Maison Carrée) survives in Nîmes itself, which was probably built by Agrippa.

Later relationship between Augustus and Agrippa seemed colder for a while, Agrippa seemed to even go into "exile", but modern historians agree that it was just a ploy: Augustus wanted others to think that Agrippa was his "rival" while in truth he was keeping a significant army far away from Rome, ready to come to the rescue in case Augustus' political machinations fail. It is confirmed by the fact that later Agrippa was recalled and given authority almost equal to Augustus himself, not to mention that he married Augustus' only biological child. The last years of Agrippa's life were spent governing the eastern provinces, were he won respect even of the Jews. He also restored Crimea to Roman Empire. His last service was starting the conquest of the upper Danube, were later the province of Pannonia would be. He suddenly died of illness in 12 BC, aged ~51.

Agrippa had several children through his three marriages. Through some of his children, Agrippa would become ancestor to many subsequent members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He has numerous other legacies.
Yurii P
leo_1_res.jpg
(0457) LEO I47 views457-474 AD
Æ nummus 10 mm 1.33 g
O: Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Leo I right
R: Monogram
laney
phocas_half_follis_with_leontia.jpg
(0602) PHOCAS with Leontia12 views 602-610 AD.
Æ Half Follis 21.5 mm, 4.52 g
Dated RY 1 (602/3 AD).
O: ON FOCA NEPE AV, Phocas holding globus cruciger, and Leontia holding cross sceptre, standing facing; cross above
R: Large X•X; cross above; mint monogram below.
Antioch mint; cf DOC II 91; MIB II 85; SB 673
laney
leo_v.jpg
(0813) LEO V (The Armenian)76 views813-820 AD
AE Follis 17 mm X 20 mm 3.01 g
O: Facing bust of Leo with a short beard, wearing a crown and loros and holding cross potent
R: Facing bust of Constantine, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger.
Syracuse mint, Sear Byzantine 1636



2 commentslaney
LEO_VI.jpg
(0886) LEO VI (The Wise)36 views886 - 912 AD
AE FOLLIS 25 mm 6.69 g
O: + LЄOn ЬAS ILЄ[V]S ROm
BUST FACING, WITH SHORT BEARD, WEARING CROWN & CHALMYS
R +LЄOn/Єn ӨЄO ЬA/SILЄVS R/OmЄOn IN FOUR LINES ( Leo by the grace of God king of the Romans )
CONSTANTINOPLE
SBV 1729 - DO8
laney
mi5K3Gagpx4S8iREL9tBCrX7oP6fc2.jpg
(717-741) LEO III [Sear 1530]12 viewsCrowned bust facing, wearing chlamys, holding cross on globe and akakia / DN O CONSTANTI... around crowned, facing bust of Constantine V, holding akakia and cross on globe, all above ornate horizontal bar; SC to left, L to right; large M below. SB 1530, DOC 54Ségusiaves
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(741-775) Sizilien Follis Constantin Leo19 viewsConstantin V. mit Leo IV., 741-775

CONSTANTIN V et LÉON IV
(6/06/751-14/09/775)
Sur les monnaies de Constantin V, le portrait du fondateur de la dynastie isaurienne, Léon III (720-741) figure souvent au revers. Cette dynastie devait durer presque cent ans jusqu'à la déposition d'Irène, femme de Léon IV, mère de Constantin VI qu'elle fit aveugler pour régner seule.
Ségusiaves
2160368.jpg
001a. Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony50 viewsSYRIA, Coele-Syria. Chalcis ad Libanum. Mark Antony, with Cleopatra VII. 36-31 BC. Æ 19mm (5.45 g, 12h). Dated RY 21 (Egyptian) and 6 (Phoenician) of Cleopatra (32/1 BC). Draped bust of Cleopatra right, wearing stephane / Bare head of Mark Antony right; dates in legend. RPC I 4771; Rouvier 440 (Berytus); SNG München 1006; SNG Copenhagen 383 (Phoenicia). Near Fine, green patina.

Chalcis was given by Antony to Cleopatra in 36 BC. At the culmination of his spectacular triumph at Alexandria two years later, further eastern territories - some belonging to Rome - were bestowed on the children of the newly hailed “Queen of Kings” (referred to as the “Donations of Alexandria”). Shortly after, Antony formally divorced Octavia, the sister of Octavian. These actions fueled Octavian’s propagandistic efforts to win the support of Rome’s political elite and ultimately led to the Senate’s declaration of war on Cleopatra in 32 BC.

Ex-CNG
ecoli
Denarius_Augusto_RIC_180.jpg
01- 04 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.) 101 viewsAR denario 3,27 gr.

Esta acuñación conmemora la famosa Victoria de Augusto sobre Marco Antonio y Cleopatra en la batalla de Actium, que indirectamente termina con la trágica muerte de estos dos últimos.

Anv: AVGVSTVS DIVI F - Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: IMP / XII - ACT en exergo - Apolo Citharoedus de Actium, de pié de frente viendo a izq., vistiendo larga vestimenta y portando Plectrum/Plectro (Pequeña púa hecha de diferentes materiales que se usa para tocar instrumentos de cuerda, como un reemplazo o ayuda de los dedos) en mano der. y Lira en izq.

Acuñada: Entre el 11 y 10 A.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Lyon
Rareza: R2

Referencias: RIC I 180; Lyon 37; RSC 165; BMCRE 478-9 = BMCRR Gaul 194-5; BN 1418-9.
3 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_180_Denario_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01- 04 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.) 20 viewsAR denario 18 mm 3,27 gr.

Esta acuñación conmemora la famosa Victoria de Augusto sobre Marco Antonio y Cleopatra en la batalla de Actium, que indirectamente termina con la trágica muerte de estos dos últimos.

Anv: AVGVSTVS DIVI F - Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: IMP / XII - ACT en exergo - Apolo Citharoedus de Actium, de pié de frente viendo a izq., vistiendo larga vestimenta y portando Plectrum/Plectro (Pequeña púa hecha de diferentes materiales que se usa para tocar instrumentos de cuerda, como un reemplazo o ayuda de los dedos) en mano der. y Lira en izq.

Acuñada: Entre el 11 y 10 A.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Lyon
Rareza: R2

Referencias: RIC I 180 Pag.53; Lyon #37; RSC I #165 Pag.142; BMCRE #478-9 = BMCRR Gaul #194-5; BN #1418-9; SRCTV I #1611var Pag.319
mdelvalle
Mac_Escudo_Coronado__Potosi__2_R.jpg
02 - 06 - Virreynato FELIPE II (1556-1598) 112 views"Macuquina del Escudo Coronado"

2 Reales de Plata
27x25 mm

Anv: PHILIPPVS · D · G · HISPANIARVM alrededor del escudo de armas coronado, entre ceca P sobre ensayador R en campo izq. y valor II en campo der.
.
Rev: ET · INDIARVM · REX · alrededor del cuartelado de castillos y leones dentro de orla de ocho lóbulos.

Acuñada: 1572-1576
Ensayador: R - Alonso Rincón
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias:
mdelvalle
Andras-II_U-191_C1-213_H-251_Q-001_8h_11,2mm_0,38g-s.jpg
021. H-251 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-251, CNH I.-213, U-191, AR-Obulus, #01230 views021. H-251 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-251, CNH I.-213, U-191, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Patriarchal cross, leopard to right, star between them at down, the border of dots.
reverse: Winged griffin advancing left, star over the head, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 11,2 mm, weight: 0,38 g, axis: 8h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-251, CNH I.-213, Unger-191,
Q-001
quadrans
Andras-II__U-161_C1-227_H-267_Q-001_10,5mm_0,36ga-s.jpg
021. H-267 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-267, CNH I.-227, U-161, AR-Obulus, #0178 views021. H-267 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-267, CNH I.-227, U-161, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Crescent between two heads with their back to each other, tower between two dots above, Hebrew letter (???) below; line border.
reverse: Leopard advancing left, the tree above, rosette to left, Hebrew letter (teth) to right, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,36 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-267, CNH I.-227, Unger-161,
Q-001
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II_Andras_U-161_C1-227_H-267_Q-002_10,5mm_0,24ga-s.jpg
021. H-267 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-267, CNH I.-227, U-161, AR-Obulus, #0289 views021. H-267 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-267, CNH I.-227, U-161, AR-Obulus, #02
avers: Crescent between two heads with their back to each other, tower between two dots above, Hebrew letter (???) below; line border.
reverse: Leopard advancing left, the tree above, rosette to left, Hebrew letter (teth) to right, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,24 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-267, CNH I.-227, Unger-161,
Q-002
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II_Andras_U-161_C1-227_H-267_Q-003_10,5mm_0,29ga-s.jpg
021. H-267 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-267, CNH I.-227, U-161, AR-Obulus, #0369 views021. H-267 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-267, CNH I.-227, U-161, AR-Obulus, #03
avers: Crescent between two heads with their back to each other, tower between two dots above, Hebrew letter (???) below; line border.
reverse: Leopard advancing left, the tree above, rosette to left, Hebrew letter (teth) to right, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,29 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-267, CNH I.-227, Unger-161,
Q-003
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Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Denar_U-394f_C2-015_H-497_m_REGIS_hVnGARIE_Q-001_6h_14,5mm_0,48g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-394.f, #0181 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-394.f, #01
avers: King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
reverse: ✠ m•RЄGIS•hVnGARIЄ, Head of ostrich holding horse-shoe on helmet, mint-mark on each side; line border.
exergue, mint mark: D/R//-- were struck by Leopoldus (Hypolit?) (by Pohl), diameter: 14,5mm, weight: 0,70g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya, (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), date: 1339-1342 A.D., ref: Unger-394.f, CNH-2-015, Huszár-497, Pohl-54-07,
Q-001
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Mac_Plus_Ultra__Potosi__1_R_1704_Y.jpg
03 - 04 - Virreynato FELIPE V (1700-1746) 79 views"Macuquina con PLVS VLTRA y Columnas sobre ondas de Mar"

1 Real de Plata Ley 917
20x18 mm

Anv: PHILIPPVS V D G HISPANIARVM REX (Felipe V por la gracia de Dios rey de las Españas) la leyenda, al tratarse de una macuquina, no es visible, alrededor de la cruz de Jerusalén con castillos y leones, con I (valor) encima, P (ceca) en campo izq., Y (Ensayador) en campo der. y 704 (fecha) debajo.
Rev: POTOSI EL PERV 1704 La leyenda, al tratarse de una macuquina, no es visible, alrededor de las 2 columnas y entre ellas en 3 líneas valor I entre P (marca de la ceca) e Y (ensayador), 2ª línea PLVS VLTRA, 3ª línea 704 entre Y (ensayador) y P (ceca).

Acuñada: 1704
Ensayador: Y - Diego de Ybarbouro
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Maravedis.net #B-042-4
mdelvalle
Mac_Plus_Ultra__Potosi__2_R_1745.jpg
03 - 06 - Virreynato FELIPE V (1700-1746) 87 views"Macuquina con PLVS VLTRA y Columnas sobre ondas de Mar"

2 Reales de Plata Ley 917
22x25 mm

Anv: PHILIPPVS V D G HISPANIARVM REX (Felipe V por la gracia de Dios rey de las Españas) la leyenda, al tratarse de una macuquina, no es visible, alrededor de la cruz de Jerusalén con castillos y leones, con 2 (valor) encima, P (ceca) en campo izq., Q (Ensayador) en campo der. y 745 (fecha) debajo.
Rev: POTOSI AÑO 1745 EL PERV La leyenda, al tratarse de una macuquina, no es visible, alrededor de las 2 columnas y entre ellas en 3 líneas valor 2 entre P (marca de la ceca) e Q (ensayador), 2ª línea PLVS VLTRA, 3ª línea 745 entre Q (ensayador) y P (ceca).

Acuñada: 1745
Ensayador: Q - Luis de Quintanilla
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC KM#29a Pag.112 - Maravedis.net #B-055-52
mdelvalle
Zsigmond,_(1387-1437_AD),_H-578,_C2-124A,_U-450-fvar_,_P-118-2,_AR-Den,_mOn_SIG-ISmVnDI,_REGIS_VnGARIE_ET_C_,_B-_L,_1436_AD,_Q-001,_8h,_15-16mm,_0,61g-s.jpg
032 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Denar, H-578, C2-124A, U-450-fvar., P-118-02, #0178 views032 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Denar, H-578, C2-124A, U-450-fvar., P-118-02, #01
avers: mOn•SIG ISmVnDI, Patriarchal cross, mint-mark on each side B-•L.
reverse: ✠•RЄGIS•VnGARIЄ•ЄT•C•, Shield with Árpadian(Hungarian) stripes.
exergue, mint mark: B/•L//--, diameter: 14,5-15,5mm, weight: 0,68g, axis:8h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, Moneyer: Leonardo Bardi, date: after 1436 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-578, CNH-2-124A, Unger-450-fvar., Pohl-118-02,
Q-001

Sigismund of Luxemburg
1 commentsquadrans
Zsigmond,_(1387-1437_AD),_H-578,_C2-124A,_U-450-k,_P-118-4,_AR-Den,_mOn_SIG-ISmVnDI,_REGIS_VnGARIE_ET_C_,_C-L,_1436_AD,_Q-001,_11h,_14,5-15,5mm,_0_68g-s.jpg
032 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Denar, H-578, C2-124A, U-450-k., P-118-04, #0168 views032 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Denar, H-578, C2-124A, U-450-k., P-118-04, #01
avers: mOn•SIG ISmVnDI, Patriarchal cross, mint-mark on each side C-L.
reverse: ✠•RЄGIS•VnGARIЄ•ЄT•C•, Shield with Árpadian(Hungarian) stripes.
exergue, mint mark: C/L//--, diameter: 14,5-15,5mm, weight: 0,68g, axis:11h,
mint: Hungary, Kassa (today Slovakia : Kosice), Moneyer: Ladislaus Csápy or Leonardo Bardi, date: after 1434-1436 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-578, CNH-2-124A, Unger-450-k., Pohl-118-04,
Q-001

Sigismund of Luxemburg
1 commentsquadrans
Mac_Plus_Ultra__Potosi__2_R_1767.jpg
04 - 06 - Virreynato CARLOS III (1759-1788) 69 views"Macuquina con PLVS VLTRA y Columnas sobre ondas de Mar"

2 Reales de Plata Ley 917
20x22 mm

Anv: CAROLUS III D G HISPANIARVM REX (Carlos III por la gracia de Dios rey de las Españas) la leyenda, al tratarse de una macuquina, no es visible, alrededor de la cruz de Jerusalén con castillos y leones, con 2 (valor) encima, P (ceca) en campo izq., V (Ensayador) en campo der. y 767 (fecha) debajo.
Rev: POTOSI 1767 EL PERV La leyenda, al tratarse de una macuquina, no es visible, alrededor de las 2 columnas y entre ellas en 3 líneas valor 2 entre P (marca de la ceca) e V (ensayador), 2ª línea PLVS VLTRA, 3ª línea 767 entre V (ensayador) y P (ceca).

Acuñada: 1767
Ensayador: V - José de Vargas y Flores
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC KM#43 Pag.112 - Maravedis.net #B-302-8
mdelvalle
040_Hunyadi-Matyas,_(Mathias-Corvinus),_(1458-1490_A_D_),_H-718,_C2-234,_U-564_f,_K-P,_P-219-4,_Kremnitz,_1472-78,_Q-001,_1h,_15,5-16,0mm,_0,53g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.f, P-219-04, K/P//--, Madonna and child, #0166 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.f, P-219-04, K/P//--, Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion with Crown). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROn VnGARI•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots,(Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/P//--, were struck by Paul Peck, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5-16,0mm, weight: 0,53g, axis: 1h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1472-1478 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Huszár-718, CNH-2-234, Unger-564.f., Pohl-219-04,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
040_Hunyadi-Matyas,_(Mathias-Corvinus),_(1458-1490_A_D_),_H-718,_C2-234,_U-564_g,_K-A,_P-219-2,_Kremnitz,_1472-78,_Q-001,_2h,_15,0-16,5mm,_0,62g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.g, P-219-02, K/A//--, Madonna and child, #0166 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.g, P-219-02, K/A//--, Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion with Crown). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROnA VnGARIЄ•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots,(Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/A//--, were struck by Augustin Langsfelder, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0-16,5mm, weight: 0,62g, axis: 2h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1472-1478 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Huszár-718, CNH-2-234, Unger-564.g., Pohl-219-02,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_567b_C2-232_H-722_M_MATHIE_R_VNGARIE__PATRONA-VNGARIE__K_PonRozette_1489AD_Q-001_9h_15,5mm_0,49g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-567.b., Madonna and child, #01176 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-567.b., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠M•MATHIE•R•VNGARIE, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. One dots both side of the shield. (Legend variation!)
reverse: PATRON VNGARIE, Nimbate and Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding nimbate infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (K-P/Rozette) on each side; line border, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ P/Rozette//--, were struck by Peter Schaider, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5mm, weight: 0,49g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1488 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-567.b., CNH-2-232, Huszár-722, Pohl-223-01,
Q-001

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Matyas-Hunyadi_AR-Obulus_U-578_C2-244_H-728_Shield_Madonna-child_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
040 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Obulus, U-578.h., #0177 views040 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-578.h., Madonna and child, #01
avers: Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak.
revers: Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her left arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: K/ V/A//--, were strucked by Veit Mühlstein and Augustin Langsfelder, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 12,0-13,0mm, weight: 0,30g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1479 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-578.h., CNH-2-244, Huszar-728, Pohl-220-07,
Q-001

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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.e, P-219-05, K/ P/V//--, Madonna and child, #01119 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.e, P-219-05, K/ P/V//--, Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠m•mAThIЄ•R•hVnGARIЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion with Crown). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROn VnGAR•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots,(Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ P/V//--, were struck by Paul Peck/Veit Mühlstein, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 0,44g, axis: 10h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1472-1478 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Huszár-718, CNH-2-234, Unger-564.e., Pohl-219-05,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_562e_C2-235A_H-717g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.e., Madonna and child, #01104 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.e., Madonna and child, #01
avers: •m•mAThIЄ•R•hVnTARIЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak.
reverse: PATROn VnGARIAЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/+ on top of the horseshoe//-- were struck by Stephan Kowach (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g,
mint: Hungary, Buda (by Pohl),
date: 1469 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.e., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-05,
Q-001
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040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #01107 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA-mAThIЄ•R•VnGARIЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROnA VnGARIAЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ K over Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 0,71g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1468 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.h., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-08,
Q-001

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Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_562h_C2-235A_H-717_mOneTA_MAThIE_R_VnG_PATROnA-VnGARIAE_K_K-on-Shield_Q-002_10h_16,5mm_0,51g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #02118 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #02
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: PATROnA VnGARIAЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ K over Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 0,51g, axis: 10h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1468 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.h., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-08,
Q-002

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Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_562h_C2-235A_H-717_mOneTA_mAThIE_R_VnG_PATROnA-VnGARI_K_K-on-Shield_Q-003_3h_15-16,5mm_0,53g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #03125 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #03
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: PATROnA VnGARI, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ K over Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0-16,5mm, weight: 0,53g, axis: 3h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1468 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.h., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-08,
Q-003

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Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_562h_C2-235A_H-717_mOneTA_mAThIE_R_VnGAR__PATROnA-VnGARI__K_K-on-Shield_Q-004_5h_16-16,5mm_0,51g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #04124 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #04
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnGAR, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. (Legend variation!)
reverse: •PATROnA VnGARI•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ K over Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 16,0-16,5mm, weight: 0,51g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1468 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.h., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-08,
Q-004

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Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_563x_C2-236_H-716_m-mAThIE-R-VnGARIE_PATROn-VnGAR_K_Shield_Q-001_4h_15,5-16,5mm_0,63g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.i., Madonna and child, #01118 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.i., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠ m mAThIЄ R VnGARIЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: PATROn VnGAR, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 0,63g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1469 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.i., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-09,
Q-001
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Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_563x_C2-236_H-716_m_mAThIE_R_hVnGARIE__PATROn-VnGAR__n_hammers_Q-001_5h_15,5-160mm_0,49g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.m., Madonna and child, #01101 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.m., Madonna and child, #01
avers: m mAThIЄ•R hVnGARЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: PATROn VnGARЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots. (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: n/ hammers//--, were struck by Bürgertschaft, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5-16,0mm, weight: 0,51g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (today Romania : Baia Mare) by Pohl,
date: 1470 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.m., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-13,
Q-001

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Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_564_c_C2-234_H-718_mOnETA_mAThIE_R_VnGARI__PATROn-VnGARI__K_Sigma_Q-001_6h_16mm_0,46g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-564.c., Madonna and child, #0198 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-564.c., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•hVnGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROn VnGARI•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ G//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 16,0mm, weight: 0,46g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1472-1478 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-564.c., CNH-2-234, Huszár-718, Pohl-219-03,
Q-001

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Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_565-a_C2-239A-E_H-719_xM_MAThIE_R_hUnGARI_PATRO-VnGARI_K_P-V_Q-001_5h_15-15,5mm_0,65g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-565.a., Madonna and child, #0185 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-565.a., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠m•mAThIЄ•R•hVnGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATRO VnGARI, Crowned Madonna sitting, holding infant Jesus in her left arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ P/V//--, were struck by Paul Peck/Veit Mühlstein, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0-15,5mm, weight: 0,65g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1479-1485 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-565.a., CNH-2-239A, Huszár-719, Pohl-221-03,
Q-001

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Matyas-Hunyadi_Garas_U_550-d_C2-213A-E_H-692-695_P-193-2,_mOnETA_mAThIE_REIS_hVnOAR,_PATROnA_VnGARIE,_1479-85_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_26,5mm,_2,9g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Gross, U-550.d-var., Madonna and child, #01168 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Gross, U-550.d-var., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•RЄIS•hVnOAR, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads(two!!), Crown(!!) and Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. (Legends error! "•RЄIS•hVnOAR" instead of "•RЄGIS•hVnGAR" and variation!)
reverse: PATROnA VnGARIЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots. (Legend variation!)
exergue, mint mark: K/ Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 26,5mm, weight: 2,9g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1469 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-550.d-var., CNH-2-213A-Evar., Huszár-692, Pohl-193-02,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Garas_U_550-j_C2-213A-E_H-695_P-197-05_mOnETA_mAThIE_REGIS_Vn__PATROnA-hVnGARIE__1479-85_AD_Q-001_4h_26,0mm_3,05g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Gross, U-550.j., Madonna and child, #01157 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Gross, U-550.j., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•RЄGIS•Vn, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, (three!) Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. (Legend variation!)
reverse: •PATROnA hVnGARIЄ•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.(Legend variation!)
exergue, mint mark: K/ V/A//--, were struck by Veit Mühlstein and Augustin Langsfelder, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 26,0mm, weight: 3,05g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1479-1485 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-550.j., CNH-2-213A-Evar., Huszár-695, Pohl-219-05,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
II_Ulaszlo_Den_U-638-d_C2-276_H-803_M_WLADISLAI_R_VNGARIE__PATRON-_---_-VNGARIE_1495-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-638.d., #0189 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-638.d., #01
avers: M•WLADISLAI•R•VNGARIЄ•, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Bohemian lion in the inner shield.
reverse: PATRON VNGARIЄ, Nimbate and Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding nimbate infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (K - B/AF/M) on each side; line border.
exergue, mint mark: K /B/AF/M//-- were struck by Andreas Hellebrand and Franz Körnidl (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1496 A.D., ref: Unger-638.d., CNH-2-276, Huszár-803, Pohl-238-03,
Q-001
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Wladislai-II-4a-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-638.e., #01162 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-638.e., #01
avers: M•WLADISLAI•R•VNGARIЄ•, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Bohemian lion in the inner shield.
reverse: PATRON VNGARI•Є, Nimbate and Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding nimbate infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (K-S/Є) on each side; line border.
exergue, mint mark: K/S/Є//-- were struck by Stephanus Ryzmegl and Erasmus Rezl (by Pohl), diameter: 16 mm, weight: 0,52g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1497 A.D., ref: Unger-638.e., CNH-2-276, Huszár-803, Pohl-238-04,
Q-001

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Wladislai-II-2a-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-640a, #0178 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-640a, #01
avers: m•WLADISLAI•R•VnGARIЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in the inner shield.
reverse: PATROnA VnGARI•,
diameter: 16mm, weight: 0,52g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark:K-h (Pohl),
date: A.D., ref: Unger-640a, CNH-2-272A, Huszar-806,
Q-001
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Ulaszlo_II_,_AR-Den,_H-807,_C2-272B,_U-641c,_P-242-3,_WLADISLAI_R_VNGARI_,_PATRO_N__VNGAR,_n-A,_1505_AD,_Q-001,_4h,15,5mm,_0,61g-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-641c, P-242-3, #0177 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-641c, P-242-3, #01
avers: •WLADISLAI•R*VNGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, and Bohemian lion). The Polish eagle in the inner shield. Interesting legend variation, than to start the legend the "M"(oneta) is absent!
reverse: PATRO N•VNGAR, Crowned Madonna with the child in her right arm.
diameter: 15,5mm, weight: 0,61g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (now Baia Mare, Romania), mint mark:n-A (Pohl), struck by Ambrosius Literatus (by Pohl),
date: 1505 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszar-807, CNH-2-272B, Unger-641c, Pohl-242-3,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Wladislai-II-3a-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-644a, #0188 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-644a, #01
avers:- M•WLADISLAI•R•VNGARI•, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield.
revers:- PATRON_VNGARIE,
diameter: 15,5-16mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark:K-h (Pohl),
date: A.D., ref: Unger-, CNH-, Huszar-,
Q-001
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Wladislai-II-5-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-646c/1512, Madonna and child, #0167 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-646c/1512, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- *1512*WLADISLAI*R*VNGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield.
revers:- *PATRONA*_*VNGARIE*,
diameter: 15mm, weight: 0,57g, axis: 3h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), mint mark:K-G (Pohl),
date: 1512A.D., ref: Unger-646c, CNH-2-278A, Huszar-811,
Q-001
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Wladislai-II-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-646c/1514, Madonna and child, #0174 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-646c/1514, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- *1514*WLADISLAI*R*VNGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield.
revers:- *PATRONA*_*VNGARIE*,
diameter: 15mm, weight: 0,63g, axis: 10h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), mint mark:K-G (Pohl),
date: 1514 A.D., ref: Unger-646c, CNH-2-278A, Huszar-811,
Q-001
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040_Ulászló_II__(Wladislas_II_,_Jagellion)_,_King_of_Hungary,_(1490-1516_A_D_)_AR_Obulus,_H-813,_P-240-3,_U-647d,_1497AD,_Q-001,_11h,_11,5-12mm,_0,31g-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, H-813, U-647.d., #01183 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, H-813, U-647.d., #01
avers: No legend, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), a Bohemian lion in the central shield.
reverse: No legend, Nimbate, and Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding Nimbate infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (K-S/Є) on each side, line border.
exergue, mint mark: K/S/Є//-- were struck by Stephanus Ryzmegl and Erasmus Rezl (by Pohl), diameter: 11,5-12,0 mm, weight: 0,31g, axis: 11h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1497 A.D., (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-813, CNH 2 284, Pohl 240-03, Unger 647.d.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Ulaszlo-II_(1490-1516_AD)_AR-Obulus_U-650_C2-281_H-815_Q-001_4h_11,5-12mm_0,24g-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, U-650a, Madonna and child, #01147 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, U-650a, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, Polish eagle with outstretched wings.
revers:- Nimbate and Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm.
diameter: 11,5-12,0mm, weight: 0,24g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), mint mark: K- h, by (Pohl)
date: 1498-1501 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-650a, CNH-2-281, Huszar-815,
Q-001
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Ulaszlo-II_(1490-1516_AD)_AR-Obulus_U-650b_C2-281_H-815_1498-1501-AD_Q-001_2h_12mm_0,40g-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, U-650b, Madonna and child, #01116 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Obulus, U-650b, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, Polish eagle with outstretched wings.
revers:- Nimbate and Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm.
diameter: 12,0mm, weight: 0,40g, axis: 2h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), mint mark: K- H, by (Pohl)
date: 1498-1501 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-650b, CNH-2-281, Huszar-815,
Q-001
quadrans
Lajos-II_,_(1516-1526_AD),_(Ladislaus_II,_Jagiellon),_AR-Denar,_H-841,_C2-306A,_U-673a,_P-255-32,_A-V,HK,_1526,_Q-001,_8h,_14,5-15mm,_0,56g-s.jpg
042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-673a., Madonna and child, A/V//HK, 1526, #0174 views042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-673a., Madonna and child, A/V//HK, 1526, #01
avers: LVDOVICVS ᵒRᵒVNGARI*1626*, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in the inner shield. The date (1526) above the shield between two flowers, and flower with five petals, the border of dots.
reverse: PATRONA HK VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (A-V) on each side, HK below, the border of dots.
exergue/mint mark: A/V//HK, diameter: 14,5-15,0mm, weight: 0,56g, axis: 8h,
mint: Hungary, Visegrád (Pohl), date: 1526 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Huszar-841, CNH-2-306A, Unger-673a., Pohl-255-32,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Lajos-II__(1516-1526_AD)_(Ladislaus_II,_Jagiellon)_Denar_U-675-a_C2-308A_H-846_L-B-1521_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-a., Madonna and child, L-B, 1521, #0177 views042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-a., Madonna and child, L-B, 1521, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield. The date (1521) above the shield between two flower, and flower with five petals between two dots on each side, border of dots.
revers:- Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (L-B) on each side; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: L/B//-- diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1521 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-675-a., CNH-2-308A, Huszar-846, Pohl-258-01, "Moneta Nova"
Q-001
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Lajos-II__(1516-1526_AD)_(Lodovicus_II,_Jagiellon)_Denar_U-675-a_C2-308A_H-846_L-B-1523_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-a., Madonna and child, L-B, 1523, #0186 views042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-a., Madonna and child, L-B, 1523, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield. The date (1523) above the shield, and rozette with five petals between two small circle on each side, border of dots.
revers:- Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (L-B) on each side; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: L/B//-- diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1523 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-675-a., CNH-2-308A, Huszar-846, Pohl-258-01, "Moneta Nova"
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Lajos-II__(1516-1526_AD)_(Lodovicus_II,_Jagiellon)_Denar_U-675-e_C2-308A_H-846_L-K-1522_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-e., Madonna and child, L-K, 1522, #0171 views042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-e., Madonna and child, L-K, 1522, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield. The date (1522) above the shield between two flower, and flower with five petals between two dots on each side, border of dots.
revers:- Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (L-K) on each side; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: L/K//-- diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica, by Pohl), date: 1522 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-675-e., CNH-2-308A, Huszar-846, Pohl-258-02, "Moneta Nova"
Q-001
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043_János,_(Iohannes)_,_King_of_Hungary,_(1526-1540_A_D_)_AR_Denarius,_H-881,_P-265-14,_U-699_j_,_1527AD,_Q-001,_11h,_15-16mm,_0,62g-s.jpg
043 János (Iohannes von Zápolya)., King of Hungary, (1526-1540 A.D.) AR Denarius, H 881, U 699.j./1527, Crowned Madonna and infant, #01178 views043 János (Iohannes von Zápolya)., King of Hungary, (1526-1540 A.D.) AR Denarius, H 881, U 699.j./1527, Crowned Madonna and infant, #01
avers: *1527*IOHANNES*R*VNGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads and Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes,). Zápolya wolf in the central shield.
reverse: PATRONA* *VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding an infant in right hand.
diameter: 15,0-16,0mm, weight: 0,62g, axis: 11h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), mint mark: K/T/--, K-T (Pohl), were struck by J.Tornallyai or A-Thurzo, (by Pohl),
date: 1527 A.D., ref: Huszár 881, CNH-2 331A, Pohl 265-14, Unger 699.j.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Ferd-I_AR-Den__1531_FERDINAND_D_G_R_VNG_PATRONA_-_VNGARIE_K-B_U-745a_C3-40_H-935_1531_Q-001_7h_15,7mm_0,49g-s.jpg
044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hugary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1531, Madonna and child, #01208 views044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hugary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1531, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- •1531•FERDINAND•D•G•R•VNG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Central shield are Austrian shield.
revers:- PATRONA•-•VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm. K-B crossed the field.
diameter: 15,7 mm, weight: 0,49 g, axis: 7h,
mint mark: K-B, mint: Körmöczbánya, date: 1531 A.D.,
ref: Unger-745a, CNH-3-40, Huszár-935,
Q-001
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Ferd-I_AR-Den__1534_FERDINAND_D_G_R_VNG_PATRONA_-rozette-_VNGARIE_K-B_U-745a_C3-40_H-935_1534_Q-001_9h_16,3mm_0,54g-s.jpg
044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hugary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1534, Madonna and child, #01222 views044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hugary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1534, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- •1534•FERDINAND•D•G•R•VNG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Central shield are Austrian shield.
revers:- PATRONA•-rozette-•VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm. K-B crossed the field.
diameter: 16,3 mm, weight: 0,54 g, axis: 9h,
mint mark: K-B,, mint: Körmöczbánya, date: 1534 A.D.,
ref: Unger-745a, CNH-3-40, Huszár-935,
Q-001
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Ferd-I_AR-Den__1551_FERDINAND_D_G_R_VNG_PATRONA_-_VNGARIE_K-B_U-745a_C3-40_H-935_1551_Q-001_9h_14,6mm_0,53g-s.jpg
044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hugary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1551, Madonna and child #01212 views044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hugary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1551, Madonna and child #01
avers:- •1551•FERDINAND•D•G•R•VNG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Central shield are Austrian shield.
revers:- PATRONA•-•VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm. K-B crossed the field.
diameter: 14,6 mm, weight: 0,53 g, axis: 9h,
mint mark: K-B, mint: Körmöczbánya, date: 1551 A.D.,
ref: Unger-745a, CNH-3-40, Huszár-935,
Q-001
quadrans
Ferd-I_AR-Den__1551_FERDINAND_D_G_R_VNG_PATRONA_-rozette-_VNGARIE_K-B_U-745a_C3-40_H-935_1551_Q-002_7h_15,2mm_0,56g-s.jpg
044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hugary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1551, Madonna and child, #02233 views044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hugary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1551, Madonna and child, #02
avers:- •1551•FERDINAND•D•G•R•VNG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Central shield are Austrian shield.
revers:- PATRONA•-rozette-•VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm. K-B crossed the field.
diameter: 15,2 mm, weight: 0,56 g, axis: 7h,
mint mark: K-B, mint: Körmöczbánya, date: 1551 A.D.,
ref: Unger-745a, CNH-3-40, Huszár-935,
Q-001
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Ferd-I_AR-Den__1528_FERDINAND_D_G_R_VNG_PATRONA_-_VNGARIE_K-B_U-745a_C3-40_H-935_1528_Q-001_4h_15,5mm_0,55g-s.jpg
044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1528, Madonna and child, #01246 views044 Ferdinand I., (Ferdinand I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1526-1564 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-745a, 1528, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- •1528•FERDINAND•D•G•R•VNG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Central shield are Austrian shield.
revers:- PATRONA•-•VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm. K-B crossed the field.
diameter: 15,5 mm, weight: 0,55 g, axis: 4h,
mint mark: K-B, mint: Körmöczbánya, date: 1528 A.D.,
ref: Unger-745a, CNH-3-40, Huszár-935,
Q-00
quadrans
Miksa_AR-Den_K-B_U-766a_C3-94_H-992_1566_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
045 Miksa., (Maximilian of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1564-1576 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-766a, 1566, Madonna and child, #01115 views045 Miksa., (Maximilian of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1564-1576 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-766a, 1566, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- •MAX•II•D•G•E•RO•I•S•AV•G•HV•B•R•, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Central shield are Austrian shield. The year 1566 on the top of the shield.
revers:- PATRONA•-rozette-•VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm. K-B crossed the field.
diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint mark: K-B, mint: Körmöczbánya, date: 1566 A.D.,
ref: Unger-766a, CNH-3-94, Huszár-992,
Q-001
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Rudolf_(1576-1608_AD),_AR-Gross,_1601,_N-B,_H-1049,_CNH_III__150,_U-805,_Q-001,_11h,_23,5-24mm,_1,56g-s.jpg
046 Rudolf, (Rudolph II. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1576-1608 A.D.), AR-Groschen, H-1049, CNH III.-150, U-805, N-B, 1601, Rare!128 views046 Rudolf, (Rudolph II. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1576-1608 A.D.), AR-Groschen, H-1049, CNH III.-150, U-805, N-B, 1601, Rare!
avers: ֍ RVDOL•II•D:G•RO•IM•S•AV•GE•HVN•B•R•, Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm. N-B crossed the field.
reverse: •MONETA•NOVA•ANNODOMINI•1601, Ornamented, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Central shield is Austrian shield. All in
diameter: 23,5-24,0mm, weight: 1,56g, axis: 11h,
exergue, mint mark: N/B//--, mint: Nagybánya, (today Romania: Baia Mare), date: 1601 A.D.,
ref: Huszár-1049, CNH III.-150, Unger-805,
Q-001
quadrans
I_Lipot_3kr_1694_U-1089_H-1469_N-B_P-O_Q-001_0h_20-21,5mm_1_37g-s.jpg
050 Leopoldus I., (Leopoldus I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1657-1705 A.D.), AR-3-Groschen, U-1089, Madonna and the child in the Mandorla, N/B//P-O, 1694, #01228 views050 Leopoldus I., (Leopoldus I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1657-1705 A.D.), AR-3-Groschen, U-1089, Madonna and the child in the Mandorla, N/B//P-O, 1694, #01
avers:- LEOPOLD•D•G•R•[3,as value sign] I•S•A•G•H•B•R•, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, below in value sign 3.
revers:- •S•IMMAC•VIR• [coat of arms] M•MAT•D•P•H• 16-94, Madonna in the Mandorla, the child in her right hand, below crowned coat of arms, mint marks and mint marks on the side.
diameter: 20,0-21,5mm, weight: 1,37g, axis: 0h,
mint: Hungary, mint mark: N/B//P-O, Nagybánya, (today Romania : Baia Mare),
date: 1694 A.D., ref: Unger-1089, Huszar-1469,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Leopoldus-I-Denar_a-s.jpg
050 Leopoldus I., (Leopoldus I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1657-1705 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-1107a, /1683, Madonna and child, #0170 views050 Leopoldus I., (Leopoldus I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1657-1705 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-1107a, /1683, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- •LEOP•D•G•R•I•S•A•G•H•B•REX, Hungarian shield in circle, mint-mark (K-B) on each side, border of dots.
revers:- PATRONA•HVNGA•1683, Madonna seated facing on crescent in sunburst in circle, holding infant Jesus in her left, border of dots.
diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, mint mark: K/B//--, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica),
date: 1683 A.D., ref: Unger-1107a, CNH-, Huszar-1503/1683,
Q-001
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Leopoldus-I-Duarius-3_-s.jpg
050 Leopoldus I., (Leopoldus I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1657-1705 A.D.), AR-Duarius, U-1105a, /1698, #0168 views050 Leopoldus I., (Leopoldus I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1657-1705 A.D.), AR-Duarius, U-1105a, /1698, #01
avers:- LEOP•D•G•R•I•S•A•G•H•B•REX, Crowned Hungarian shield, mint-mark (K-B) on each side, border of dots.
revers:- Madonna seated facing on crescent, holding infant Jesus in her left, P - H (Patrona - Hungariae) on each side, DUARIVS/1698 (date) below, border of dots.
diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, mint mark: K/B//--, P/H//DVARIVS/1698, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica),
date: 1698 A.D., ref: Unger-1105a, CNH-, Huszar-1499,
Q-001
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Leopoldus-I-Duarius-2_-s.jpg
050 Leopoldus I., (Leopoldus I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1657-1705 A.D.), AR-Duarius, U-1105a, /1700, #0176 views050 Leopoldus I., (Leopoldus I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1657-1705 A.D.), AR-Duarius, U-1105a, /1700, #01
avers:- + LEOP•D•G•R•I•S•A•G•H•B•REX, Crowned Hungarian shield, mint-mark (K-B) on each side, border of dots.
revers:- Madonna seated facing on crescent, holding infant Jesus in her left, P - H (Patrona - Hungariae) on each side, DUARIVS/1700 (date) below, border of dots.
diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, mint mark: K/B//--, P/H//DVARIVS/1700, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica),
date: 1700 A.D., ref: Unger-1105a/1700, CNH-, Huszar-1499/1700,
Q-001
quadrans
Leopoldus-I-Duarius-1_-s.jpg
050 Leopoldus I., (Leopoldus I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1657-1705 A.D.), AR-Duarius, U-1105a, /1703, #0164 views050 Leopoldus I., (Leopoldus I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1657-1705 A.D.), AR-Duarius, U-1105a, /1703, #01
avers:- + LEOP•D•G•R•I•S•A•G•H•B•REX, Crowned Hungarian shield, mint-mark (K-B) on each side, border of dots.
revers:- Madonna seated facing on crescent, holding infant Jesus in her left, P - H (Patrona - Hungariae) on each side, DUARIVS /•1703• (date) below, border of dots.
diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, mint mark: K/B//--, P/H//DVARIVS/•1703•, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica),
date: 1703 A.D., ref: Unger-1105a/1703, CNH-, Huszar-1499/1703,
Q-001
quadrans
LarryW1910.jpg
0661 Focas, 602-61034 viewsÆ half follis, 23.4mm, 5.18g, Fair
Struck 602-603 at Nicomedia
Phocas and Leontia standing facing, with Phocas holding globus cruciger and Leontia, nimbate, holding cruciform sceptre, a cross between their heads / XX, cross above and NIKO B in exg. Scarce early issue, dark brown patina. Polished.
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Sear 661; MIB 71
Lawrence Woolslayer
Follis Focas SB00671.jpg
07-02 - Focas (23/11/602 - 05/10/610 D.C.) 27 viewsAE Follis 26 mm 8.1 gr.

Anv: "O.N. FOCA.NE.PE.AV." - Emperador a la izquierda y la Emperatriz Leontia a la derecha, de pié de frente, él porta "Sphaira/globus cruciger/Orbis" (Globo coronado por una cruz) y ella cetro coronado por cruz. Entre sus cabezas una cruz.
Rev: Gran " m ", "A/N/N/O" a izquierda, " + " arriba y "Signo/II=5/II" (Año reinal) a derecha. " THEUP' " en exergo.

Acuñada Año=7 - 608/9 D.C.
Ceca: Antiochia/Theoupolis (Antioquía cambia su nombre luego del gran terremoto del año 528 D.C.)

Referencias: Sear BCTV #671 Pag. 151 - Bellinger D.O. Vol.II #83/9 - B.M.C. #102/10 - Tolstoi M.B. #142/8 - Ratto M.B. #1269/75 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #1-15 - Hahn M.I.B. #83a-b
mdelvalle
IMG_0172.JPG
1.4 Egypt - Ptolemy II58 viewsPtolemy II - 248 BC
Egyptian bronze. 15 mm
obv. deified Alexander in Elephant headress
rev. eagle with spread wings, shield in front, H - lambda - year 38 PTOLEMAIOY BASILEOS
Zam
IMG_0176.JPG
1.5 Egypt - Ptolemy II64 viewsPtolemy II - 248 BC
Egyptian Bronze, 15 mm
obv. deified Alexander in elephant headress
rev. eagle with spread wings, shild in front, H Lambda - year 38, PTOLEMAIOY BASILEOS
Zam
Columnaria_Carlos_III__1_2_real_1770.jpg
10 - 04 - Virreynato CARLOS III (1759-1788) 100 viewsPieza columnaria o de "Mundos y Mares"

1/2 Real de Plata ley 917
16 mm

Anv: CAR·III·D·G·HISP·ET·IND·R (Carlos III por la gracia de Dios rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones y escusón de los Borbones.
Rev: VTRAQUE VNUM ·PTS monograma POTOSI (ceca) ·1770·JR· (JR = ensayador ) (uno y otro son uno, refiriéndose a la unión de los 2 mundos el conocido y el nuevo, América) alrededor de 2 bolas coronadas que representan al nuevo y viejo mundo entre 2 columnas con las leyendas PLVS VLTRA

Acuñada: 1770
Ensayador: JR - José de Vargas y Flores y Raimundo de Iturriaga
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC C#9 Pag.179 - Maravedis.net #B-272-4
mdelvalle
Columnaria_Carlos_III__1_real_1770.jpg
10 - 06 - Virreynato CARLOS III (1759-1788) 70 viewsPieza columnaria o de "Mundos y Mares"

1 Real de Plata ley 917
21 mm

Anv: CAR·III·D·G·HISP·ET·IND·R (Carlos III por la gracia de Dios rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones y escusón de los Borbones, entre R y valor I.
Rev: VTRAQUE VNUM ·PTS monograma POTOSI (ceca) ·1770·JR· (JR = ensayador ) (uno y otro son uno, refiriéndose a la unión de los 2 mundos el conocido y el nuevo, América) alrededor de 2 bolas coronadas que representan al nuevo y viejo mundo entre 2 columnas con las leyendas PLVS VLTRA

Acuñada: 1770
Ensayador: JR - José de Vargas y Flores y Raimundo de Iturriaga
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC C#10 Pag.180 - Maravedis.net #B-290-4
mdelvalle
Columnaria_Carlos_III__2_reales_1770.jpg
10 - 08 - Virreynato CARLOS III (1759-1788) 90 viewsPieza columnaria o de "Mundos y Mares"

2 Reales de Plata ley 917
28 mm

Anv: CAR·III·D·G·HISP·ET·IND·R (Carlos III por la gracia de Dios rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones y escusón de los Borbones, entre R y valor 2.
Rev: VTRAQUE VNUM ·PTS monograma POTOSI (ceca) ·1770·JR· (JR = ensayador ) (uno y otro son uno, refiriéndose a la unión de los 2 mundos el conocido y el nuevo, América) alrededor de 2 bolas coronadas que representan al nuevo y viejo mundo entre 2 columnas con las leyendas PLVS VLTRA

Acuñada: 1770
Ensayador: JR - José de Vargas y Flores y Raimundo de Iturriaga
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC C#11 Pag.180 - Maravedis.net #B-306-4
mdelvalle
Craw_335_1a-c_Denario_C_Poblicius_Malleolus_-_Postumius_Albinus_-_Caecilius_Metellus.jpg
10-01 - C. POBLICIUS, A. POSTUMIUS S. F. ALBINUS y L. CAECILIUS METELLUS (96 A.C.)13 viewsAR Denarius 18 mm 3.4 gr

Anv: "L·METEL detrás A·ALB·S·F delante de Cabeza laureada de Apolo viendo a derecha - "*" debajo del cuello.
Rev: "C·MALL" (AL en ligadura) - Roma sentada a izquierda sobre una pila de escudos, detrás de ella Victoria coronándola. "ROMA" en exergo.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #220 Pag.114 - Craw RRC #335/1 a-c - Syd CRR #611-611a - BMCRR #724/726/730 - RSC Vol.1 Caecilia 45-46a Pag.21
mdelvalle
A-02_Rep_AR-Den-Ser_C_Publicius-Malleolus-C_f__C-MALLE-C-F-X-behind_L-LIC-CN-DOM_ROMA_Crawford-282-3_Syd-524_Rome_118-BC_R1_Q-001_11h_19-20mm_3,79g-s.jpg
118 B.C., L. Licinius Crassus, and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus with C. Malleolus C.f., Republic AR-Denarius Seratus, Crawford 282/3, Rome, Bearded warrior in biga right, L•LIC•CN•DOM., #1155 views118 B.C., L. Licinius Crassus, and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus with C. Malleolus C.f., Republic AR-Denarius Seratus, Crawford 282/3, Rome, Bearded warrior in biga right, L•LIC•CN•DOM., #1
(L. Licinius Crassus, Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus and associates, Narbo 118.)
avers: C•MA-L-LE-C•F Helmeted head of Roma right, behind, X.
reverse: Bearded warrior (Bituitus?) fast biga right, holding a shield, carnyx, and reins and hurling spear, in exergue, L•LIC•CN•DOM.
exergue: -/-//L•LIC•CN•DOM, diameter: 19,0-20,0mm, weight: 3,79g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 118 B.C., ref: Crawford 282/3, Syd-524, Licinia 13 and Domitia 17,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
118_B_C_,_L__Licinius_Crassus_and_Cn__Domitius_Ahenobarbus_with_C__Malleolus_C_f_,_AR-Den-serr_,_Licinia_13_and_Domitia_17,_Crw282-3,_Syd-524,_Rome,_Q-003,_3h,_19mm,_3,73g-s.jpg
118 B.C., L. Licinius Crassus, and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus with C. Malleolus C.f., Republic AR-Denarius Seratus, Crawford 282/3, Rome, Bearded warrior in biga right, L•LIC•CN•DOM., #220 views118 B.C., L. Licinius Crassus, and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus with C. Malleolus C.f., Republic AR-Denarius Seratus, Crawford 282/3, Rome, Bearded warrior in biga right, L•LIC•CN•DOM., #2
(L. Licinius Crassus, Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus and associates, Narbo 118.)
avers: C•MA-L-LE-C•F Helmeted head of Roma right, behind, X.
reverse: Bearded warrior (Bituitus?) fast biga right, holding a shield, carnyx, and reins and hurling spear, in exergue, L•LIC•CN•DOM.
exergue: -/-//L•LIC•CN•DOM, diameter: 19,0mm, weight: 3,73g, axis: 3h,
mint: Rome, date: 118 B.C., ref: Crawford 282/3, Syd-524, Licinia 13 and Domitia 17,
Q-002
3 commentsquadrans
A-02_Rep_AR-Den-Ser_C_Publicius-Malleolus-C_f__C-MALLE-C-F-X-behind_L-LIC-CN-DOM_ROMA_Crawford-282-3_Syd-524_Rome_118-BC_R1_Q-001_1h_18-19mm_3,35g-s.jpg
118 B.C., L. Licinius Crassus, and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus with C. Malleolus C.f., Republic AR-Denarius Seratus, Crawford 282/3, Rome, Bearded warrior in biga right, L•LIC•CN•DOM., #3196 views118 B.C., L. Licinius Crassus, and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus with C. Malleolus C.f., Republic AR-Denarius Seratus, Crawford 282/3, Rome, Bearded warrior in biga right, L•LIC•CN•DOM., #3
(L. Licinius Crassus, Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus and associates, Narbo 118.)
avers: C•MA-L-LE-C•F Helmeted head of Roma right, behind, X.
reverse: Bearded warrior (Bituitus?) fast biga right, holding a shield, carnyx, and reins and hurling spear, in exergue, L•LIC•CN•DOM.
exergue: -/-//L•LIC•CN•DOM, diameter: 18,0-19,0mm, weight: 3,35g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 118 B.C., ref: Crawford 282/3, Syd-524, Licinia 13 and Domitia 17,
Q-003
quadrans
De_Busto_Carlos_III_1_2_real_1773.jpg
12 - 04 - Virreynato CARLOS III (1759-1788) 104 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Españoles"

1/2 Real de Plata Ley 903
17 mm

Anv: ·CAROLUS·III·DEI·GRATIA·1773· (Carlos III por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·REX·PTSmonograma POTOSÍ(ceca) J·R· (Ensayador) (rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuñada: 1773
Ensayador: J R - José de Vargas y Flores y Raimundo de Iturriaga.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC C#14 Pag.179 - Maravedis.net #B-281-1
mdelvalle
De_Busto_Carlos_III_1_real_1776.jpg
12 - 06- Virreynato CARLOS III (1759-1788)92 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Españoles"

1 Real de Plata Ley 903
20 mm

Anv: ·CAROLUS·III·DEI·GRATIA·1776· (Carlos III por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·REX·PTSmonograma POTOSÍ(ceca)·1R· (Valor) P·R· (Ensayador) (rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuñada: 1776
Ensayador: PR- Pedro Narciso de Mazondo y Raimundo de Iturriaga.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC C#15 Pag.180 - Maravedis.net #B-298-5
mdelvalle
De_Busto_Carlos_III_4_reales_1784.jpg
12 - 08 - Virreynato CARLOS III (1759-1788) 85 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Españoles"

2 Reales de Plata Ley 917
28 mm

Anv: ·CAROLUS·III·DEI·GRATIA·1784· (Carlos III por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·REX·PTSmonograma POTOSÍ(ceca)·2R· (Valor) P·R· (Ensayador) (rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuñada: 1784
Ensayador: PR- Pedro Narciso de Mazondo y Raimundo de Iturriaga.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC C#16 Pag.180 - Maravedis.net #B-313-13
mdelvalle
De_Busto_Carlos_III_8_reales_1788.jpg
12 - 12 - Virreynato CARLOS III (1759-1788) 132 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Españoles"

8 Reales de Plata Ley 896
40 mm

Anv: ·CAROLUS·III·DEI·GRATIA·1788· (Carlos III por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·REX·PTSmonograma POTOSÍ(ceca)·8R· (Valor) P·R· (Ensayador) (rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuñada: 1788
Ensayador: PR- Pedro Narciso de Mazondo y Raimundo de Iturriaga.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC KM#55 Pag.115 - Maravedis.net #B-344-17
mdelvalle
Personajes_Imperiales_12.jpg
12 - Personalities of the Empire49 viewsFlavius Victor, Arcadius, Eudoxia, Honorius, Gala Placidia, Johannes, Theodosius II, Aelia Pulcheria, Valentinianus III, Marcian, Leon I, Severus III, Zenon I and Anastasius I (pre-reform)mdelvalle
Demetrio II, Nicator.jpg
12-02 - Demetrio II, Nicator (1er.Reino 145 - 139 A.C.)56 viewsDemetrio II Nicátor de la dinastía Seléucida, fue rey de Siria en dos períodos: 146 - 139 A.C. y 129 - 126 A.C. Huyó a Creta tras la derrota y muerte de su padre, Demetrio I Sóter, pero regresó después, proclamándose rey. Fue puesto en fuga casi inmediatamente por el general Diodoto, que primero proclamó rey a un hijo de Alejandro Balas, Antíoco VI Dioniso, y luego a sí mismo con el nombre de Trifón. Demetrio marchó en guerra contra el rey de Partia, Mitrídates I, siendo derrotado y capturado en 139 A.C.
En 129 fue puesto en libertad, con la esperanza de provocar una guerra entre él y su hermano Antíoco VII Evergetes. Sin embargo, Antíoco murió antes de que estallara el conflicto, con lo que Demetrio II se proclamó rey de nuevo. Poco después fue derrotado y muerto por el rey de Egipto Ptolomeo VIII, que sostenía al usupador Alejandro Zabinas. Le sucedió su hijo Seleuco V Filométor, bajo la regencia de su viuda Cleopatra Tea. (Wikipedia)

AE 18 x 19 mm 4.9 gr.

Anv: Busto con diadema de Demetrio II viendo a derecha. Grafila de puntos.
Rev: "BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΔHMHTPIOY – TYPIΩN (por Tiro)" - Popa de Galera (Simboliza el poderío naval de Tiro Fenicia bajo los Seléucidas).

Acuñación: 145/4 A.C.
Ceca: Seleucia en Tiro - Fenicia

Referencias: Houghton #753 – SNG Spaer #1722 - B.M.C. Vol.4 (Seleucid Kings of Syria) #20-22 Pag.60 - Sear GCTV Vol.2 #7070 Pag.661 - SNG Israel #1708.
mdelvalle
1327_-_1377_Edward_III_billon_denier_au_leopard.JPG
1327 - 1377, EDWARD III, Billon Denier au Leopard, struck 1327 - 1362 at Bordeaux, France6 viewsObverse: + EDVARDVS : REX around beaded inner circle containing legend ANGL between two lines, Leopard facing left above, trefoil of pellets below. Cross pattée in legend.
Reverse: + DVX AQITANIE around beaded inner circle containing cross pattée. Cross pattée in legend.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 0.70gms | Die Axis: 3
Second type issue. Scarce
SPINK: 8090

Unlike English silver coins which, with few exceptions were maintained at sterling fineness, these small denomination continental coins were often debased. At the time of issue they would have had a good silver appearance, but after some use their color darkened, hence they became known as “Black Money”.
Black money coins were hastily produced in large numbers and often poorly struck. They were the common circulating medium at the time and consequently they became very worn so that, during the ensuing years during which there were frequent re-coinages, they were the first into the melting pot. Surviving examples are therefore now quite rare and most of those that have survived are of a low grade.

*Alex
De_Busto_Carlos_IV_1_4_real_1808.jpg
14 - 02 - Virreynato CARLOS IV (1788 -1806) 109 views"Cuartillo"
1/4 de Real de Plata Ley 903
13 mm

Anv: Castillo con 1808(fecha) debajo, PTSmonograma POTOSÍ(ceca)en campo izq. y 1/4 (Valor) en campo der.

Rev: Anepigrafa León rampante a izquierda.

Acuñada: 1808
Ensayador: Pedro Narciso de Mazondo.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC(1801-1900) KM#82 Pag.95 - Maravedis.net #B-418
mdelvalle
De_Busto_Carlos_IV_1_2_real_1798.jpg
14 - 04 - Virreynato CARLOS IV (1788 -1806) 107 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Españoles"

1/2 Real de Plata Ley 903
17 mm

Anv: ·CAROLUS·IIII·DEI·GRATIA·1798· (Carlos IIII por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·R·PTS monograma POTOSÍ (ceca) ·P·P· (Ensayador) (rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuñada: 1798
Ensayador: P P - Pedro de Mazondo y Pedro de Albizu.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC C#33 Pag.179 - Maravedis.net #B-421/6
mdelvalle
De_Busto_Carlos_IV_1_real_1790.jpg
14 - 06 - Virreynato CARLOS IV (1788 - 1808) 102 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Españoles"

1 Real de Plata Ley 903
21 mm

Anv: ·CAROLUS·IV·DEI·GRATIA·1790· (Carlos IV por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·R·PTS monograma POTOSÍ (ceca) ·1R· (Valor) y ·P·R· (Ensayador) (rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuñada: 1790
Ensayador: P R - Pedro de Mazondo y Raimundo de Yturriaga.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC (1701-1800) KM#50 Pag.114 - Maravedis.net #B-429/34
mdelvalle
De_Busto_Carlos_IIII_2_reales_1808.jpg
14 - 08 - Virreynato CARLOS IV (1788 - 1808) 143 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Españoles"

2 Reales de Plata Ley 896
27 mm

Anv: ·CAROLUS·IIII·DEI·GRATIA·1808· (Carlos IV por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·REX·PTS monograma POTOSÍ (ceca) ·2R· (Valor) y ·P·J· (Ensayador) (rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuñada: 1808
Ensayador: P J - Pedro de Mazondo y Juan Palomo Sierra.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC (1801-1900) KM#70 Pag.95 - Maravedis.net #B-437/42
mdelvalle
1421_Henry_V_AR_Double-Turnois.JPG
1413 - 1422, Henry V, Billon Niquet (Double Tournois) struck in 1421 at Rouen, France26 viewsObverse: + H REX ANGL HERES FRANC. Crowned lion passant facing left, fleur-de-lis above. Pellet mintmark below first letter of legend = Rouen mint.
Reverse: + SIT NOME DNI BENEDICTV. Cross pattée with lis in angles and lombardic 'h' in centre.
Diameter: 24mm | Weight: 1.9gms | Die Axis: 9
SPINK: 8162 | Duplessy: 441

This Anglo-Gallic coin, colloquially called a “leopard” after its obverse design, bears the titles of Henry V as king of England and heir to the French kingdom.

Henry V was King of England from 1413 until his sudden death on 31st August 1422. He is thought to have died from dysentery contracted during the siege of Meaux in France. He was 36 years old and had reigned for nine years. He was the second English monarch of the House of Lancaster.
During the reign of his father, King Henry IV, Henry had acquired an increasing share in England's government due to his father's declining health. After his father's death in 1413, Henry assumed control of the country and asserted the pending English claim to the French throne.
In 1415, Henry embarked on war with France in the ongoing Hundred Years' War between the two countries. Despite his relatively short reign, Henry's outstanding military successes, most notably in his famous victory at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, made England one of the strongest military powers in Europe.
In 1420, after months of negotiation with Charles VI of France, the Treaty of Troyes was signed recognising Henry V as regent and heir apparent to the French throne. To seal the pact Henry married Charles' daughter, Catherine of Valois. Henry's sudden death however, prevented the prospect of the English King taking the French throne from ever taking place.
Immortalised in the plays of Shakespeare, Henry V is known and celebrated as one of the great warrior kings of medieval England.
2 comments*Alex
LarryW1802.jpg
150 Leo I the Great, AD 457-474105 viewsGold solidus, 21.7mm, 4.50g, Mint State
Struck c. AD 462 or 466 at Constantinople
D N LEO PE—RPET AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, head slightly right, holding spear over right shoulder and shield with horseman motif on left arm / VICTORI—A AVCCC Θ, Victory standing half left holding long jeweled cross; star to right, CON OB in exg.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
RIC 605; DOC 528; MIRB 3b
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
1526_-_1530_Henry_VIII_AR_Halfgroat.JPG
1509 - 1547, HENRY VIII, AR Half-groat, Struck 1515 - 1530 at York, England under Archbishop Thomas (Cardinal) Wolsey3 viewsObverse: HENRIC•VIII•D•G•R•AGL•Z•F•. Youthful profile crowned bust of Henry VIII facing right within circle of pellets. Mint-mark: Voided cross.
Reverse: CIVITAS EBORACI. Shield bearing coat-of-arms on cross fourchée; T - W in upper field divided by shield; galero (cardinal's hat) below.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.0gm | Die Axis: 8
Virtually uncirculated but with a dark, almost black, tone
SPINK: 2346

The T W on the reverse of this coin refers to Thomas Wolsey, known to posterity as Cardinal Wolsey, one of the most powerful figures at the court of Henry VIII. Although this coin is undated, the issue of Henry VIII's second coinage only began in 1526 and so, since Cardinal Wolsey died in 1530, it must have been struck between those two dates.

Cardinal Wolsey
When Henry VIII became King of England in 1509 he appointed Thomas Wolsey to the post of Almoner, a position that gave him a seat on the Privy Council and an opportunity for establishing a personal rapport with the King to such an extent that by 1514 Wolsey had become the controlling figure in virtually all matters of state. In 1515, he was awarded the title Archbishop of York and this, followed by his appointment that same year as Cardinal by Pope Leo X, gave him precedence over all other English clerics. His ecclesiastical power advanced even further in 1523 when the Bishop of Durham, a post with wide political powers, was added to his titles.
After Wolsey attained the position of Lord Chancellor, the King's chief adviser, he had achieved more power than any other Crown servant in English history and during his fourteen years of chancellorship Wolsey, who was often alluded to as an alter rex (other king), used his power to neutralise the influence of anyone who might threaten his position..
In spite of having made many enemies, Cardinal Wolsey retained Henry VIII's confidence until, in 1527, the King decided to seek an annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon so that he could marry Anne Boleyn. Henry asked Wolsey to negotiate the annulment with the Pope and in 1528 the Pope decided to allow two papal legates, Wolsey himself and Cardinal Campeggio, to decide the outcome in England. Wolsey was confident of the outcome, but Campeggio took a long time to arrive, and then he delayed proceedings so much, that the case had to be suspended and the Pope decided that the official decision should therefore be made in Rome and not in England.
After his failure to negotiate the annulment, Wolsey fell out of favour with Henry and in 1529 he was stripped of his government office and property, including the magnificent Palace of Hampton Court, which Henry took as his own main London residence.
Wolsey was however permitted to retain the title of Archbishop of York and so he travelled to Yorkshire, for the first time in his career, to carry out those duties.
Now that he was no longer protected by Henry, Wolsey's enemies, including it is rumoured, Ann Boleyn, conspired against him and Henry had him arrested and recalled to London to answer to charges of treason. But Wolsey, now in great distress, fell ill on the journey back to the capital and at Leicester, on 29 November 1530, aged about 57, he died from natural causes before he could be beheaded.
*Alex
1545_Leonard_FUCHS_Drawing_37.jpg
1545 Leonhard Fuchs Botanical Woodcut Prints166 viewsDate: AD 1545, Basel, Isingrin, rare
Size: 6.3 x 3.5 inches

These are two woodcut prints with hand colored sketches and hand-written notes. This is original from the AD 1545 Octavo edition. Issued in Läbliche abbildung und contrafaytung aller kreüter so ... inn dem ersten theyl seins neüwen kreüterbuchs hat begriffen, in ein kleinere form auff das allerartlichste gezogen ... Basel, Isingrin 1545.

Fuch’s work and its beautiful illustrations effected a revolution in the natural sciences, comparable to that of Copernicus in astronomy and Vesalius in anatomy, both of which were published the following year, AD 1543. To effect this reform accurate illustration and identification was the first requirement and it was to this task that Fuchs addressed himself. Fuchs employed the best artists then available in Basle: Albrecht Meyer did the drawings, Heinrich Füllmaurer transferred them to the woodblocks, and they were cut by Veit Rudolph Speckle. All three are depicted in the book, the first time that book illustrators are themselves portrayed and named. These illustrations set a new standard for botanical depiction and were some of the most influential in botanical history, being copied for innumerable works well into the 18th century. Some 40 species are illustrated for the first time, including several American plants, such as maize and the pumpkin.
‘The coloring of many copies of Fuchs ... is authentic, in that they were issued by the publisher in a colored state based upon the artist’s original colored drawings made from living specimens’ (Blunt).
1 commentsNoah
157.jpg
157 Leo I. AV solidus 4.5gm13 viewsobv: DN LEO PE_RPET AVG dia. elm. and cuir. three quarter facing bust, holding spear over shoulder and shield decorated with horseman
rev: VICTORI_A AVGGG Victory std. l. holding long jeweled cross, star in r. field
ex: H/CONOB
hill132
De_Busto_Fernando_VII_1_2_real_1817.jpg
16 - 04 - Virreynato FERNANDO VII (1808-1833)70 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Españoles"

1/2 Real de Plata Ley 896
16 mm

Anv: ·FERDIN·VII·DEI·GRATIA·1817· (Fernando VII por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·R·PTS monograma POTOSÍ (ceca) ·P·J· (Ensayador) (rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuñada: 1817
Ensayador: P J - Pedro de Mazondo y Juan Palomo Sierra.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC (1801-1900) KM#90 Pag.95
mdelvalle
De_Busto_Fernando_VII_1_2_real_1817_1.jpg
16 - 05 - Virreynato FERNANDO VII (1808-1833)48 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Españoles"

1/2 Real de Plata Ley 896
16 mm

Anv: ·FERDIN·VII·DEI·GRATIA·1817· (Fernando VII por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·R·PTS monograma POTOSÍ (ceca) ·P·J· (Ensayador) (rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuñada: 1817
Ensayador: P J - Pedro de Mazondo y Juan Palomo Sierra.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC (1801-1900) KM#90 Pag.95
mdelvalle
De_Busto_Fernando_VII_1_real_1823.jpg
16 - 08 - Virreynato FERNANDO VII (1808-1833)76 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Españoles"

1 Real de Plata Ley 896
20 mm

Anv: ·FERDIN·VII·DEI·GRATIA·1823· (Fernando VII por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·R·PTS monograma POTOSÍ (ceca), ·2R· (valor), ·P·J· (Ensayador) (rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuñada: 1823
Ensayador: P J - Pedro de Mazondo y Juan Palomo Sierra.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC (1801-1900) KM#87 Pag.95
mdelvalle
De_Busto_Fernando_VII_4_reales_1825.jpg
16 - 12 - Virreynato FERNANDO VII (1808-1833)72 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Españoles"

4 Reales de Plata Ley 896
34 mm

Anv: ·FERDIN·VII·DEI·GRATIA·1825· (Fernando VII por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·REX·PTS monograma POTOSÍ (ceca), ·4R· (valor), ·J·L· (Ensayador) (rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuñada: 1825
Ensayador: J L- Juan Palomo Sierra y Luis Lopez.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC (1801-1900) KM#88 Pag.96
mdelvalle
De_Busto_Fernando_VII_8_reales_1825.jpg
16 - 12 - Virreynato FERNANDO VII (1808-1833)104 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Españoles"

8 Reales de Plata Ley 896
38 mm

Anv: ·FERDIN·VII·DEI·GRATIA·1825· (Fernando VII por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·REX·PTS monograma POTOSÍ (ceca), ·8R· (valor), ·J·L· (Ensayador) (rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuñada: 1825
Ensayador: J L- Juan Palomo Sierra y Luis Lopez.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC (1801-1900) KM#84 Pag.96
mdelvalle
Cleopatra Thea y Antioco VIII.jpg
16-02 - Anti­oco VIII, Grifo (125 - 96 A.C.)42 viewsAntiochus VIII Epiphanes/Callinicus/Philometor, Hijo de Demetrio II Nicátor y Cleopatra Thea, su apodo Grypus significa nariz de gancho.
Antíoco VIII Grifo de la dinastía Seléucida, fue rey de Siria entre 125 A.C. - 96 A.C. Sucedió a su hermano Seleuco V Filométor, tras ser éste asesinado por la madre de ambos, Cleopatra Tea. Esta intentó envenenarle, pero Antíoco la obligó a beberse su propio veneno. Hubo de combatir contra Antíoco IX Eusebio, con el que finalmente compartió el reino. Fue asesinado en 96 A.C., quedando Antíoco IX como único rey. Sin embargo, varios de sus hijos llegaron a reinar posteriormente.

AE 12 mm 1.4 gr.

Anv: Bustos apareados y laureados de Dioskouri. ” * “ arriba.
Rev: "ANTIOXEΩN / EN ΠTOΛEMAI" a derecha de una cornucopia, "IEPAΣ AΣYΛOY"? a izquierda y "LΠI" fecha seleuciana en exergo.

Acuñada: 125 - 96 A.C.
Ceca: Ake Ptolomais - Fenicia (Ubicado al norte de Haifa - en esta época formaba parte de los reinos Seléucidas)

Referencias: Sear GCTV Vol.2 #6047 var / 6046 Pag.555 - B.M.C. Vol.26 (Phoenicia) #10 Pag.129 - Houghton 810 - Hen #414
mdelvalle
0023-056.jpg
1633 - Mark Antony, Denarius96 viewsStruck in a travelling mint, moving with Mark Antony in 41 BC
ANT AVG IMP III VI R P C, Head of Mark Antony right
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder in right hand and cornucopiae in left; at feet, stork; below, PIETAS COS
3,82 gr - 20 mm
Ref : Crawford # 516/2, Sydenham # 1174, HCRI # 241, C # 77
Ex. Auctiones.GmbH

The following comment is copied from NAC auction # 52/294 about the very rare corresponding aureus :
The year 41 B.C., when this aureus was struck at a mint travelling in the East with Marc Antony, was a period of unusual calm for the triumvir, who took a welcomed, if unexpected, rest after the great victory he and Octavian had won late in 42 B.C. against Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi. Antony’s original plan of organising an invasion of Parthia was put on hold after he sailed to Tarsus, where he had summoned Cleopatra VII, the Greek queen of Egypt. She was to defend herself against accusations that she had aided Brutus and Cassius before Philippi, but it is generally agreed that the summons was merely a pretext for Antony’s plan to secure aid for his Parthian campaign. Their meeting was anything but a source of conflict; indeed, they found much common ground, including their agreement that it was in their mutual interests to execute Cleopatra’s sister and rival Arsinoe IV, who had been ruling Cyprus. In addition to sharing political interests, the two agreed that Antony would winter in Egypt to share a luxurious vacation with Cleopatra that caused a further postponement of Antony’s designs on Parthia. Thus began another of the queen’s liaisons with noble Romans, a prior having been Julius Caesar (and, according to Plutarch, Pompey Jr. before him). During the course of his stay in Egypt Cleopatra was impregnated, which resulted in twins born to her in 40 B.C. But this care-free period was only a momentary calm in the storm, for trouble was brewing in both the East and the West. Early in 40 B.C. Syria was overrun by the Parthians, seemingly while Antony travelled to Italy to meet Octavian following the Perusine War, in which Octavian defeated the armies of Antony’s wife and brother. The conflict with Octavian was resolved when they signed a pact at Brundisium in October, and Syria was eventually recovered through the efforts of Antony’s commanders from 40 to 38 B.C.{/i]

5 commentsPotator II
0023-070np_noir.jpg
1641 - Mark Antony and Lucius Antonius, Denarius238 viewsDenarius minted in Ephesus in 41 BC
M ANT IMP AVG III VIR RPCM NERVA PROQ P, Bare head of Mark Antony right
L ANTONIUS COS, Bare head of Lucius Antonius right
3.58 gr
Ref : HCRI # 246, RCV #1509, Cohen #2
Following description taken from NAC auction 40, #617, about an other example of the same coin :
"This denarius, depicting the bare heads of Marc Antony and his youngest brother Lucius Antony, is a rare dual-portrait issue of the Imperatorial period. The family resemblance is uncanny, and one wonders if they truly looked this much alike, or if it is another case of portrait fusion, much like we observe with the dual-portrait billon tetradrachms of Antioch on which the face of the Egyptian queen Cleopatra VII takes on the square dimensions of Marc Antony. When Antony fled Rome to separate himself from Octavian and to take up his governorship in Gaul, Lucius went with him, and suffered equally from the siege of Mutina. This coin, however, was struck in a later period, when Lucius had for a second time taken up arms against Octavian in the west. Marc Antony was already in the east, and that is the region from which this coinage emanates. Since Lucius lost the ‘Perusine War’ he waged against Octavian, and was subsequently appointed to an office in Spain, where he died, it is likely that he never even saw one of his portrait coins."
3 commentsPotator II
1660_woodcut_colosseum_37.jpg
1660 Roman Woodcut Prints92 viewsDate: ca. AD 1660, Anonymous
Size: 16 x 10.7 cm

This is an leaf from a book on Rome from circa AD 1660. It has hand colored images of various Roman architecture (including the Colosseum). It has rough edges and some minor age toning, but overall the pictures are intact, brightly colored, and beautifully preserved. This book was published during the reign of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. In the seventeenth century, the city of Rome became the consummate statement of Catholic majesty and triumph expressed in all the arts. Baroque architects, artists, and urban planners so magnified and invigorated the classical and ecclesiastical traditions of the city that it became for centuries after the acknowledged capital of the European art world, not only a focus for tourists and artists but also a watershed of inspiration throughout the Western world.
3 commentsNoah
s-l400_(52)~0.jpg
1672 KB - Hungary - 6 Krajczar, Silver, Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I26 views Hungary - 1672, AR Six Krajczar coin.
Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I (the hogmouth) of the Hapsburg family that ruled Austria for centuries.

obv:" LEOPOLDUS.D.G.R.I.S.GE.HU.B.REX." - Laureate crowned, draped bust facing right, titles encircling designs.
Below Bust of Emperor ; Roman Numerals: "VI" encircled at 6 O'Clock, denomination, 6 Silver Krajczar.

rev:" PATRONA.HUNGARIÆ .1672. " - Madonna(Mary) holding Christ child in arms.
Coat of Arms below at 6 O'Clock.
2 commentsrexesq
hungary_1678_15-krajczar_02.JPG
1678 KB - Austria-Hungary - Hungary 1678 KB Silver 15 Krajczar201 views Hungary, 1678 - Silver 15 krajczar.
Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I.
"K B" mintmark = Kremnitz (Kormoczbanya) Mint, Hungary.

obv: LEOPOLD.D:G.R.I.S.A.G.H.B.REX - Laureate bust right.
Roman numerals 'XV' below bust; 15 Krajczar, Silver.

rev: PATRONA . HUNGARIAE 16+78 - Radiating Madonna and child. -KB- on either side. Shield/Arms below.

Titles on both sides written on scrolls. Very nice.
rexesq
Leo-I_AE-10_DN-LEO-PF-AVG_Lion_CON_RIC-X-674_Q-001_axis-6h_10-10,5mm_0,80ga-s.jpg
171 Leo I. (457-474 A.D.), Constantinopolis, RIC X 674, -/-//CON, AE-4, Lion crouching left, #1179 views171 Leo I. (457-474 A.D.), Constantinopolis, RIC X 674, -/-//CON, AE-4, Lion crouching left, #1
avers:- D N LEO P F AVG, Bust draped and cuirassed, pearl diademed.
revers:- No legend, Lion crouching left head right, within wreath, which are broken by mint-mark.
exe: -/-//CON, diameter: 10-10,5 mm, weight: 0,80g, axis: 6h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: A.D., ref: RIC X 674, p-293
Q-001
quadrans
Leo-I__AE-4_DN-LEO-1c_xxx_-D6_xx_RIC-X-702_C-x_xx_3xxAD__Q-001_11-12mm_1,35ga-s.jpg
171 Leo I. (457-474 A.D.), Constantinopolis, RIC X 702, -/-//--, AE-4, Emperor and captive, Scarce!, #1 178 views171 Leo I. (457-474 A.D.), Constantinopolis, RIC X 702, -/-//--, AE-4, Emperor and captive, Scarce!, #1
avers:- D N L EO, Bust draped and cuirassed, pearl diademed.
revers:- No legend. Emperor standing faceinghead left, holding long cross and placing left hand on head of kneeling captive.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 11-12 mm, weight: 1,35g, axis: h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: A.D., ref: RIC X 702, p-294,
Q-001
quadrans
Leo-I_AE-11_DN-LEO_b-E-Verina_RIC-X-714_LRBC-2275_Q-001_axis-6h_11mm_1,13ga-s.jpg
171 Leo I. (457-474 A.D.), Constantinopolis, RIC X 714, b/E//--, AE-4, Verina, #1207 views171 Leo I. (457-474 A.D.), Constantinopolis, RIC X 714, b/E//--, AE-4, Verina, #1
avers:- D N L EO, Bust draped and cuirassed, pearl diademed.
revers:- Empress (Verina) standing faceing, holding cross on globe and transverse sceptre, b-E across the field.
exe: b/E//--, diameter: 11 mm, weight: 1,13g, axis: 6h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: A.D., ref: RIC X 714, p-295, LRBC-2275,
Q-001
quadrans
Leo-I__AE-4_DN-LEO-1c_B-in-left-field_E-in-right-field_-D6_xx_RIC-xx-_C-x_xx_3xxAD__Q-001_11mm_1,01ga-s.jpg
171 Leo I. (457-474 A.D.), Constantinopolis, RIC X 714, b/E//--, AE-4, Verina, #2178 views171 Leo I. (457-474 A.D.), Constantinopolis, RIC X 714, b/E//--, AE-4, Verina, #2
avers:- D N L EO, Bust draped and cuirassed, pearl diademed.
revers:- Empress (Verina) standing faceing, holding cross on globe and transverse sceptre, b-E, across the field.
exe: b/E//--, diameter: 11 mm, weight: 1,01g, axis: h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: A.D., ref: RIC-X-714, p-295, LRBC-2275,
Q-002
quadrans
StUrbainLeopoldILorraineBridge.JPG
1727. Leopold I: Reconstruction Of The Bridge In The Forest Of Haye. 71 viewsObv: Leopold to right, in peruke, wearing armor and the Order of the Golden Fleece LEOPOLDVS. I. D.G. DVX. LOT. BAR. REX. IER
Rev: A traveling horseman going over bridge toward Abundance in countryside. In background landscape a herm of Mercury PROVIDENTIA. PRINCIPIS
Exergue: VIAE. MVNITAE MDCCXXVII Signed: SV.
AE64mm. Ref: Forrer V, p. 309, #6; Slg. Florange 171; Molinari 40/120; Europese Penningen # 1739

Leopold Joseph Charles (Leopold I) (1679-1729), Duke of Lorraine and Bar (1697), was the son of Charles V, Duke of Lorraine and Bar. This medal commemorates further the many reconstruction projects that Leopold I, Duke of Lorraine and Bar, fostered during his reign, in this case, the reconstruction of the bridge in the forest of Haye. The reverse alludes to the fact that the bridge increased commerce (Mercury) in Lorraine and led to more abundance for its inhabitants.
A herm, referred to in this medal, is a statue consisting of the head of the Greek god Hermes mounded on a square stone post. Hermes is the god of commerce, invention, cunning and theft, who also serves as messenger and herald for the other gods.
LordBest
1762_1763_-_Nantes.JPG
1762-1763 - mairie de Nantes10 viewsargent
7,21g
28mm
mairie de Léonard Joubert du Collet
1762 1763
Dans un cartouche, écu presque rond, aux armes du maire ( D'argent au chevron d'azur, chargé de cinq casques de profil d'or, accompagné en chef d'un vol séparé de gueules, et en pointe d'un rocher de sable). Supports deux lions; timbré d'une couronne de marquis
* DE LA MAIRIE DE M. JOUBERT DU COLLET
Ecusson sur un cartouche, des armes de la ville de Nantes : vaisseau Nantais voguant à à gauche au chef semé de mouchetures d'hermines. Timbré d' une couronne murale, entouré de la cordelière
PYL
LouisXVIII1815.JPG
1815. Louis XVIII. The Holy Alliance.98 viewsObv. Bust left LVDOVICVS XVIII FRANC ET NAV REX, ANDRIEU F on truncation.
Rev. REGNIS EVROPAE CONCORDIA STABILIENDIS, on shield at centre GALLIA AVSTRIA BORVSS (Prussia) ANGLIA RVSSIA, SACRO FOEDERE IVNCTAE, in exergue ACCESSIT GALLIA NOVEMB MDCCCXV, signed F GATTEAUX Allegorical figures of France and ? facing in each in front of shield and a group of standards bearing the arms of the Great Powers involved in the Napoleonic Wars (Britains, interestingly enough, is at the back, half covered) with a unicorn behind the right figure.
AE50.

This is a confusing medal. It depicts the nations of Austria, Great Britain, France, Prussia and Russia as part of the Holy Alliance. Yet many historical sources say Great Britain never joined due to distaste and constitutional incompatibility with the others reactionary policies. But other sources say Britain did join at the same time as France (November 20, 1815). Who is right? If Britain did not join why are they on the medal, but if they did why is there so much written to the contrary?
LordBest
1825_annuale.jpg
182523 viewsModesti Annuale 293.

A "stock" reverse type featuring Pope Leo entering the opened Holy Door. This medal is a "twofor" in that it not only commemorates the 1825 Jubilee Year, but is also the annual medal for year II/1825.
stlnats
Belgium1836.jpg
1836: Two centimes of Leopold I27 viewsKing Leopold I. 2 Centimes. 1836.

Seated lion guarding the Belgian Constitution of 1831 surrounded by the legend L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE ("Strength through Union") / "L" monogram of Leopold I, surrounded by legend LEOPOLD PREMIER - ROI DES BELGES 1836.
Belisarius
Belgium_(1845)_-_1_cent.jpg
1845: One centime of Leopold I9 viewsKing Leopold I. 1 Centime. 1845.

Seated lion guarding the Belgian Constitution of 1831 surrounded by the legend L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE ("Strength through Union") / "L" monogram of Leopold I, surrounded by legend LEOPOLD PREMIER - ROI DES BELGES 1845.
Belisarius
Leopold_20centimes1.jpg
1853: Twenty centimes of Leopold I17 viewsKing Leopold I. 20 Centimes. 1853.

Coat of arms of Belgium, surrounded by foliage, surrounded by the legend L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE ("Strength through Union") 1853 / Neoclassical portrait of Leopold I, left, surrounded by legend LEOPOLD PREMIER - ROI DES BELGES.
Belisarius
NapoleonIII1855Exposition.JPG
1855. Napoleon III, Exposition Universalle A.179 viewsObv. Head of Napoleon III NAPOLEON III EMPEREUR
Rev. French Imperial crest encircled by wreath naming the exposition in full, itself surrounded by the coats of arms of all the French regions (I believe) EXPOSITION UNIVERSELLE AGRICULTURE INDUSTRIE BEAUX ARTS/ PARIS 1855. Chalon et Estienne engraved on open scroll in ex.

A medal struck in 1855 to commemorate the 'Exposition Universelle des produits de l'Agriculture, de l'Industrie et des Beaux-Arts de Paris 1855', France's first world fair, following four years on from London's Great Exhibition.
LordBest
NapoleonIII1855Exposition1855gilt.JPG
1855. Napoleon III. Exposition Universalle B.259 viewsObv. Conjoined heads of Napoleon III and Eugenie left, signed CAQUE F
Rev. Wreath, outside wreath MSON DE LA BELLE JARDINIERE QUAI AUX FLEURS PARIS P PARISSOT, within wreath EXPOSITION UNIVERSELLE 1855 MEDAILLE D'HONNEUR MASSONNET EDITEUR
Gilt AE38.
1 commentsLordBest
Belgium1857.jpg
1857: Five centimes of Leopold I19 viewsKing Leopold I. 5 Centimes. 1857.

Seated lion guarding the Belgian Constitution of 1831 surrounded by the legend L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE ("Strength through Union") / "L" monogram of Leopold I, surrounded by legend LEOPOLD PREMIER - ROI DES BELGES 1857.
Belisarius
1860_Victoria_Farthing.JPG
1860 VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" FARTHING38 viewsObverse: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:F:D: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with youthful features facing left.
Reverse: FARTHING. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1860 in exergue.
SPINK: 3958

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.
*Alex
LeoI.jpg
1861: Ten centimes of Leopold I16 viewsKing Leopold I. Cupro-nickel 10 Centimes. 1861.

Lion surrounded by legend L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE 1861. / 10 Centimes surrounded by LEOPOLD PREMIER ROI DES BELGES. Cupro-nickel.
Belisarius
Leopold_20centimes2.jpg
1861: Twenty centimes of Leopold I24 viewsKing Leopold I. 20 Centimes. 1861.

Lion surrounded by legend L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE 20 Cs. / 10 Centimes surrounded by LEOPOLD I ROI DES BELGES 1861. Cupro-nickel.
Belisarius
Victoria_BH_halfpence_1862.JPG
1862 VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" HALFPENNY4 viewsObverse: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:F:D: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with youthful features facing left.
Reverse: HALF PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1862 in exergue.
Diameter 25mm
SPINK: 3956

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.
*Alex
5cl1.jpg
1863: Five centimes of Leopold I13 viewsKing Leopold I. 5 Centimes. 1863.

Lion surrounded by legend L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE 1863. / 5 Centimes surrounded by LEOPOLD PREMIER ROI DES BELGES. Cupro-nickel.
Belisarius
c~0.jpg
1864 Belgium 10 Centimes Leopold I 28 viewsancientone
5fr.jpg
1869: Five franks of Leopold II13 viewsKing Leopold II. Silver 5 Francs. 1869

Coat of arms of Belgium, surrounded by foliage, surrounded by the legend L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE ("Strength through Union") 1869 / Neoclassical portrait of Leopold II, surrounded by legend LEOPOLD II ROI - DES BELGES.
Belisarius
1875H_VICTORIA_BUN_HEAD_FARTHING_.JPG
1875 "H" VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" FARTHING35 viewsObverse: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:F:D: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with elderly features facing left.
Reverse: FARTHING. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1875, small "H" below, in exergue.
Diameter: 20mm
SPINK: 3959

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.

On 1st April 1850 the auction was announced of equipment from the defunct Soho Mint, created by Matthew Boulton around 1788. At the auction, on 29th April, Ralph Heaton II bought Boulton's four steam-powered screw presses and six planchet presses for making blanks from strip metal. These were installed at Heaton's Bath Street works, and his Birmingham Mint began to strike trade tokens for use in Australia. In 1851 copper planchets were made for the Royal Mint to make into pennies, halfpennies, farthings, half-farthings and quarter-farthings.
In 1853 the Royal Mint was overwhelmed with producing silver and gold coins and so Ralph Heaton and Sons won their first contract to strike finished coins for Britain, these coins had no mintmark to identify them as from Birmingham.
In 1860 the firm bought a 1-acre plot on Icknield Street and constructed a three storey red brick factory. Completed in 1862 and employing 300 staff, it was at this time the largest private mint in the world.
From 1874 the Birmingham Mint began striking bronze pennies, halfpennies and farthings for the Royal Mint. This time though, the Birmingham Mint issues are distinguished by an H (for Heaton) mintmark below the date on the reverse. Victorian British coins bearing the H mintmark were produced in 1874, 1875, 1876, 1881 and 1882.
*Alex
Victoria_Halfpenny_1876H.JPG
1876 "H" VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" HALFPENNY6 viewsObv: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:FID:DEF: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with elderly features facing left.
Rev: HALF PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1876, small H below, in exergue.
SPINK: 3957

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.

On 1st April 1850 the auction was announced of equipment from the defunct Soho Mint, created by Matthew Boulton around 1788. At the auction, on 29th April, Ralph Heaton II bought Boulton's four steam-powered screw presses and six planchet presses for making blanks from strip metal. These were installed at Heaton's Bath Street works, and his Birmingham Mint began to strike trade tokens for use in Australia. In 1851 copper planchets were made for the Royal Mint to make into pennies, halfpennies, farthings, half-farthings and quarter-farthings.
In 1853 the Royal Mint was overwhelmed with producing silver and gold coins and so Ralph Heaton and Sons won their first contract to strike finished coins for Britain, these coins had no mintmark to identify them as from Birmingham.
In 1860 the firm bought a 1-acre plot on Icknield Street and constructed a three storey red brick factory. Completed in 1862 and employing 300 staff, it was at this time the largest private mint in the world.
From 1874 the Birmingham Mint began striking bronze pennies, halfpennies and farthings for the Royal Mint. This time though, the Birmingham Mint issues are distinguished by an H (for Heaton) mintmark below the date on the reverse. Victorian British coins bearing the H mintmark were produced in 1874, 1875, 1876, 1881 and 1882.
*Alex
1876H_Victoria_Penny.JPG
1876 "H" VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" PENNY10 viewsObv: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:FID:DEF: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with elderly features facing left.
Rev: ONE PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1876, small H below, in exergue.
SPINK: 3955

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.

On 1st April 1850 the auction was announced of equipment from the defunct Soho Mint, created by Matthew Boulton around 1788. At the auction, on 29th April, Ralph Heaton II bought Boulton's four steam-powered screw presses and six planchet presses for making blanks from strip metal. These were installed at Heaton's Bath Street works, and his Birmingham Mint began to strike trade tokens for use in Australia. In 1851 copper planchets were made for the Royal Mint to make into pennies, halfpennies, farthings, half-farthings and quarter-farthings.
In 1853 the Royal Mint was overwhelmed with producing silver and gold coins and so Ralph Heaton and Sons won their first contract to strike finished coins for Britain, these coins had no mintmark to identify them as from Birmingham.
In 1860 the firm bought a 1-acre plot on Icknield Street and constructed a three storey red brick factory. Completed in 1862 and employing 300 staff, it was at this time the largest private mint in the world.
From 1874 the Birmingham Mint began striking bronze pennies, halfpennies and farthings for the Royal Mint. This time though, the Birmingham Mint issues are distinguished by an H (for Heaton) mintmark below the date on the reverse. Victorian British coins bearing the H mintmark were produced in 1874, 1875, 1876, 1881 and 1882.
*Alex
1886_VICTORIA_FARTHING.JPG
1886 VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" FARTHING31 viewsObverse: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:F:D: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with elderly features facing left.
Reverse: FARTHING. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1886 in exergue.
SPINK: 3958

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.
From 1881 heraldic colouring was added to Britannia's shield on the reverse.
*Alex
Victoria_Penny_1891.JPG
1891 VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" PENNY4 viewsObv: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:FID:DEF: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with elderly features facing left.
Rev: ONE PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1891 in exergue.
SPINK: 3954

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.
From 1881 heraldic colouring was added to Britannia's shield on the reverse.
*Alex
1893_Victoria_Halfpenny.JPG
1893 VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" HALFPENNY4 viewsObverse: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:F:D: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with elderly features facing left.
Reverse: HALF PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1893 in exergue.
Diameter 25mm
SPINK: 3956

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.
From 1881 heraldic colouring was added to Britannia's shield on the reverse.
*Alex
1centfr.jpg
1901: One centime of Leopold II (fr)15 viewsKing Leopold II. 1 Centime. 1901.

Seated lion guarding the Belgian Constitution of 1831 surrounded by the legend L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE ("Strength through Union") / "L" monogram of Leopold II, surrounded by legend LEOPOLD II ROI - DES BELGES 1901.
Belisarius
1centnl.jpg
1901: One centime of Leopold II (nl)13 viewsKing Leopold II. 1 Centimes. 1901.

Seated lion guarding the Belgian Constitution of 1831 surrounded by the legend EENDRACHT MAAKT MACHT ("Strength through Union") / "L" monogram of Leopold II, surrounded by legend LEOPOLD II KONING - DER BELGEN 1901.
Belisarius
lii10centimesfr.jpg
1902: Ten centimes of Leopold II (fr)14 viewsKing Leopold II. Ten Centimes. 1902.

Spray of leaves with legend 10 CES./Monogram of Leopold II, with legend ROYAUME DE BELGIQUE 1902
Belisarius
lii5centimesfr.jpg
1905: Five centimes of Leopold II (fr)16 viewsKing Leopold II. Five Centimes. 1905.

Spray of leaves with legend 5 CES./Monogram of Leopold II, with legend ROYAUME DE BELGIQUE 1905.
Belisarius
Lii25centimesnl.jpg
1908: Twenty-five centimes of Leopold II (nl)12 viewsKing Leopold II. Twenty-five Centimes. 1908.

Spray of leaves with legend 25 CEN./Monogram of Leopold II, with legend KONINKRIJK BELGIE 1908
Belisarius
Belgium_(1938)_-_5_Centimes.jpg
1938: Five centimes of Leopold III12 viewsKing Leopold III. Cupro-nickel 10 Centimes. 1938.

Monogram of Leopold III with 1938 / Three provincial coats of arms.
Belisarius
Belgium_(1938)_-_25_Centimes.jpg
1938: Twenty-five centimes of Leopold III15 viewsKing Leopold III. Cupro-nickel 25 Centimes. 1938.

Monogram of Leopold III with 1938 / Three provincial coats of arms.
Belisarius
Belgium_(1939)_-_5_Francs.jpg
1939: Five francs of Leopold III13 viewsKing Leopold III. Cupro-nickel 5 Francs. 1939.

Seated lion, right, with 1939 / Three provincial coats of arms.
Belisarius
Belgium_(1939)_-_1_Franc.jpg
1939: One franc of Leopold III13 viewsKing Leopold III. Cupro-nickel 1 Franc. 1939.

Seated lion, right, with 1939 / Three provincial coats of arms.
Belisarius
Belgium_(1939)_-_10_Centimes.jpg
1939: Ten Centimes of Leopold III23 viewsKing Leopold III. Cupro-nickel 10 Centimes. 1939.

Monogram of Leopold III with 1939 / Three provincial coats of arms.
Belisarius
Belgium_(1941)_-_5_Centimes.jpg
1941: Five centimes of the Military Administration of Belgium15 viewsKing Leopold III and the Military Administration of Belgium. Zinc 5 Centimes. 1941.

Monogram of Leopold III with 1941 / Three provincial coats of arms.
Belisarius
Belgium_(1942)_-_10_Centimes.jpg
1942: Ten centimes of the Military Administration of Belgium5 viewsKing Leopold III and the Military Administration of Belgium. Zinc 10 Centimes. 1942.

Monogram of Leopold III with 1942 / Three provincial coats of arms.
Belisarius
5fr_Leopold_iii.jpg
1950: Five francs of Leopold III/Baudouin (nl)17 viewsKing Leopold III or Baudouin. 5 Francs. 1950.

An oak branch underneath a crown, legend: 5 FR. BELGIE. / Head of Ceres and a cornucopia.
Belisarius
100francs.jpg
1950: Hundred francs of Leopold III (fr)21 viewsKing Leopold III. Silver 100 Francs. 1950.

Belgian coat of arms with legend 100 FR - BELGIQUE / Busts of all Kings of the Belgians (left to right: Leopold III, Albert I, Leopold II, Leopold I) with crown and star.
Belisarius
893_P_Sabina_RPC1973.JPG
1973 IONIA, Smyrna Sabina River-god Kaleon12 viewsReference
RPC III 1973; Klose XLV, Serie A, 1-12; BMC.336, SNG.Aul.- , SNG.Cop.1365

Issue Without magistrate name

Obv. СΑΒΕΙΝΑ СΕΒΑСΤΗ
Draped bust of Sabina with double stephane r.

Rev. KΑΛΕΩΝ ΖΜΥΡ
River-god Kaleon recumbent, l., himation over lower limbs, holding cornucopia in r. hand, resting with l. arm on inverted vase

3.43 gr
19 mm
12h
okidoki
Cleopatra80DrachEagle.jpg
1ad Cleopatra VII55 views51-29 BC

Alexandria, 80 Drachmai

Diademed, draped bust, right, KLEOPATRAS BASILIS[SHS]
Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, cornucopia in left field, mark of value P (= 80) in right field

Svoronos 1871

Plutarch wrote: [Cleopatra] was to meet Antony in the time of life when women's beauty is most splendid, and their intellects are in full maturity. . . . She received several letters, both from Antony and from his friends, to summon her, but she took no account of these orders; and at last, as if in mockery of them, she came sailing up the river Cydnus, in a barge with gilded stern and outspread sails of purple, while oars of silver beat time to the music of flutes and fifes and harps. She herself lay all along under a canopy of cloth of gold, dressed as Venus in a picture, and beautiful young boys, like painted Cupids, stood on each side to fan her. Her maids were dressed like sea nymphs and graces, some steering at the rudder, some working at the ropes. The perfumes diffused themselves from the vessel to the shore, which was covered with multitudes, part following the galley up the river on either bank, part running out of the city to see the sight. The market-place was quite emptied, and Antony at last was left alone sitting upon the tribunal; while the word went through all the multitude, that Venus was come to feast with Bacchus, for the common good of Asia. On her arrival, Antony sent to invite her to supper. She thought it fitter he should come to her; so, willing to show his good-humour and courtesy, he complied, and went. . . . For her actual beauty, it is said, was not in itself so remarkable that none could be compared with her, or that no one could see her without being struck by it, but the contact of her presence, if you lived with her, was irresistible; the attraction of her person, joining with the charm of her conversation, and the character that attended all she said or did, was something bewitching. It was a pleasure merely to hear the sound of her voice, with which, like an instrument of many strings, she could pass from one language to another; so that there were few of the barbarian nations that she answered by an interpreter. . . .
Blindado
FulviaQuinariusLion.jpg
1ae2 Fulvia45 viewsFirst wife of Marc Antony

ca 83-40 BC

AR Quinarius
Bust of Victory right with the likeness of Fulvia, III VIR R P C
Lion right between A and XLI; ANTONI above, IMP in ex

RSC 3, Syd 1163, Cr489/6

Fulvia was the first Roman non-mythological woman to appear on Roman coins. She gained access to power through her marriage to three of the most promising men of her generation, Publius Clodius Pulcher, Gaius Scribonius Curio, and Marcus Antonius. All three husbands were politically active populares, tribunes, and supporters of Julius Caesar. Fulvia married Mark Antony in 47 or 46 BC, a few years after Curio's death, although Cicero suggested that Fulvia and Antony had had a relationship since 58 BC. According to him, while Fulvia and Antony were married, Antony once left a military post to sneak back into Rome during the night and personally deliver a love letter to Fulvia describing his love for her and how he had stopped seeing the famous actress Cytheris. Cicero also suggested that Antony married Fulvia for her money. At the time of their marriage, Antony was an established politician. He had already been tribune in 49 BC, commanded armies under Caesar and was Master of the Horse in 47 BC. As a couple, they were a formidable political force in Rome, and had two sons together, Marcus Antonius Antyllus and Iullus Antonius.

Suetonius wrote, "[Antony] took a wife, Fulvia, the widow of Clodius the demagogue, a woman not born for spinning or housewifery, nor one that could be content with ruling a private husband, but prepared to govern a first magistrate, or give orders to a commander-in-chief. So that Cleopatra had great obligations to her for having taught Antony to be so good a servant, he coming to her hands tame and broken into entire obedience to the commands of a mistress. He used to play all sorts of sportive, boyish tricks, to keep Fulvia in good-humour. As, for example, when Caesar, after his victory in Spain, was on his return, Antony, among the rest, went out to meet him; and, a rumour being spread that Caesar was killed and the enemy marching into Italy, he returned to Rome, and, disguising himself, came to her by night muffled up as a servant that brought letters from Antony. She, with great impatience, before received the letter, asks if Antony were well, and instead of an answer he gives her the letter; and, as she was opening it, took her about the neck and kissed her."

After Julius Caesar was assassinated, Antony became the most powerful man in Rome. Fulvia was heavily involved in the political aftermath. After Caesar's death, the senate realized his popularity and declared that they would pass all of Caesar's planned laws. Antony had attained possession of Caesar's papers, and with the ability to produce papers in support of any law, Fulvia and Antony made a fortune and gained immense power. She allegedly accompanied Antony to his military camp at Brundisium in 44 BC. Appian wrote that in December 44 and again in 41 BC, while Antony was abroad and Cicero campaigned for Antony to be declared an enemy of the state, Fulvia attempted to block such declarations by soliciting support on Antony's behalf.

Antony formed the second triumvirate with Octavian (the future emperor Augustus) and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus on 43 BC and began to conduct proscriptions. To solidify the political alliance, Fulvia's daughter Clodia was married to the young Octavian. Appian and Cassius Dio describe Fulvia as being involved in the violent proscriptions, which were used to destroy enemies and gain badly needed funds to secure control of Rome. Antony pursued his political enemies, chief among them being Cicero, who had openly criticized him for abusing his powers as consul after Caesar's assassination. Though many ancient sources wrote that Fulvia was happy to take revenge against Cicero for Antony's and Clodius' sake, Cassius Dio is the only ancient source that describes the joy with which she pierced the tongue of the dead Cicero with her golden hairpins, as a final revenge against Cicero's power of speech.

In 42 BC, Antony and Octavian left Rome to pursue Julius Caesar's assassins, Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus. Fulvia was left behind as the most powerful woman in Rome. According to Cassius Dio, Fulvia controlled the politics of Rome. Dio wrote that "the following year Publius Servilius and Lucius Antonius nominally became consuls, but in reality it was Antonius and Fulvia. She, the mother-in‑law of Octavian and wife of Antony, had no respect for Lepidus because of his slothfulness, and managed affairs herself, so that neither the senate nor the people transacted any business contrary to her pleasure."

Shortly afterwards, the triumvirs then distributed the provinces among them. Lepidus took the west and Antony went to Egypt, where he met Cleopatra VII. When Octavian returned to Rome in 41 BC to disperse land to Caesar's veterans, he divorced Fulvia's daughter and accused Fulvia of aiming at supreme power. Fulvia allied with her brother-in-law Lucius Antonius and publicly endorsed Mark Antony in opposition to Octavian.

In 41 BC, tensions between Octavian and Fulvia escalated to war in Italy. Together with Lucius Antonius, she raised eight legions in Italy to fight for Antony's rights against Octavian, an event known as the Perusine War. Fulvia fled to Greece with her children. Appian writes that she met Antony in Athens, and he was upset with her involvement in the war. Antony then sailed back to Rome to deal with Octavian, and Fulvia died of an unknown illness in exile in Sicyon, near Corinth, Achaea.
Blindado
AgrippaAsNeptune.jpg
1ah Marcus Agrippa36 viewsDied 12 BC
As, minted by Caligula.

Head left wearing rostral crownt, M AGRIPPA L F COS III
Neptune standing facing, head left, naked except for cloak draped behind him & over both arms, holding small dolphin in right hand & vertical trident in left, SC

RIC 58

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (c 63 BC–12 BC) was a close friend, and defence minister of the future emperor Augustus. He was responsible for many of his military victories, most notably Actium against the forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII of Egypt. He was son-in-law to Augustus, maternal grandfather of the Emperor Caligula, father-in-law of the Emperors Tiberius and Claudius, and maternal great-grandfather of the Emperor Nero. He probably served in Caesar’s campaign of 46/45 BC against Pompey and Caesar regarded him highly enough to send him with Octavius in 45 BC to study at Apollonia. From then on Agrippa played a major part in Augustus’ career, as military commander and admiral, also undertaking major public works, and writing works on geography (following his survey of the Empire) and other subjects. He erected many fine buildings in Rome, including the original Pantheon on the Campus Martius (during his third consulship 27 BC). He married Claudia Marcella the Elder, daughter of Octavia the Younger in 28 BC, and Julia the Elder in 21 BC, with whom he had five children. His daughter Agrippina Vipsania the Younger the married Tiberius, and his daughter Agrippina Vipsania the Elder married Germanicus. His last campaign initiated the conquest of the upper Danube region, which would become the Roman province of Pannonia in 13 BC. Augustus had Agrippa’s remains placed in his own mausoleum. Ronald Syme offers a compelling case that Agrippa was much more co-ruler of the empire with Augustus than he was a subordinate.
Blindado
1st_jewish_revolt_com.JPG
1st Jewish revolt year 251 viewsPrutah year 2 (67-68 AD), AE 16-17 mm 2.2 grams
OBV :: Year 2 in Paleo-Hebrew characters Two-handled amphora with broad rim.
REV :: The Freedom of Zion in Paleo-Hebrew characters Wine leaf with tendril.
Hendin 661. Meshorer II, 12. SNG ANS 427.
Johnny
20 francs Or Belgique 1882.jpg
20 Francs From Belgium, Léopold II54 viewsAU, 21 mm. , Belgium, 1882
Obv: LEOPOLD II ROI DES BELGES, 1882
Rev: L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE, 20 FRS
Jean Paul D
20francs Or Napoleon B An 12.jpg
20 Francs From France, NAPOLEON58 viewsAU, 21mm. , Paris, France, 1803/1804
Obv:BONAPARTE PREMIER CONSUL
REV: REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE, 20 Francs, AN 12
AN 12 means the 12th year from republican calendar= from september 24th 1803 to september 22 nd 1804
Jean Paul D
the_walhalla_04_sizes.JPG
2009-Germany - The Walhalla21 viewsSizes...
The Walhalla was conceived in 1807 by Crown Prince Ludwig I of Bavaria, when he had become King, and was built between 1830 and 1842 by the architect Leo von Klenze.
berserker
BOTLAUREL_2018.JPG
201875 viewsTHIS YEAR'S WINNERS
CLICK ON A COIN FOR ITS DETAILS



*Alex
BOTLAUREL_2019.JPG
201939 viewsTHIS YEAR'S WINNERS
CLICK ON A COIN FOR ITS DETAILS

*Alex
Philip007.jpg
221-179 BC Philip V 35 viewsPhilip V
AE 14

Obverse:Macedonian shield with head of Perseus at center
Reverse:FILIPPOY BASILEOS either side of Macedonian helmet;star at the top

14.33mm 2.41gm

SEAR 6800 , SNG UK7 -744
maik
Sear_1569.jpg
26. Constantine V and Leo IV9 viewsConstantine V and Leo IV.
751-775 AD.
AE Follis. Syracuse mint.

O: K-LEWN to right and left of Constantine V, bearded on left, and Leo IV, beardless on right, standing facing (usually three-quarter length), each wearing crown and chlamys and holding akakia in arm across their chests; cross between their heads

R: LEON-DECP downwards to left and right, Leo III, bearded, half-length, standing facing, wearing crown and chlamys and holding cross potent.

SB 1569, DOC 19.

Thanks to FORVM member joma-tk for helping to ID.
Sosius
Clipboard12~0.jpg
3-3/4" Trilobite27 viewsTrilobites form one of the earliest known groups of arthropods. The first appearance of trilobites in the fossil record defines the base of the Atdabanian stage of the Early Cambrian period (521 million years ago), and they flourished throughout the lower Paleozoic era before beginning a drawn-out decline to extinction when, during the Devonian, all trilobite orders except Proetida died out. Trilobites finally disappeared in the mass extinction at the end of the Permian about 250 million years ago. The trilobites were among the most successful of all early animals, roaming the oceans for over 270 million years.ancientone
a_042.JPG
323-317 BC Philip III 37 viewsPhilip III Arrhidaeus
Tetradrachm Babylon

Obverse:Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
Reverse:FILIPPOY BASILEOS;Zeus on throne;M left throne, LY under throne

25.24mm 17.12gm

Price P181b
maik
723_P_Hadrian_RPC3696.jpg
3696 SYRIA Antioch. Hadrian. As Єς below. 27 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3696; SNG Copenhagen 209; McAlee 536c
Countermark Laurel-branch Howgego 378

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС Θ ΤΡ Π ΥΙ Θ ΝΕΡ ΥΙω ΤΡ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑС
Laureate and cuirassed bust right Countermark Laurel-branch

Rev. S • C
In laurel wreath beneath Єς

16.75 gr
27 mm
12h

Note.
Auktion 417 Lot 298
Sammlung Lückger
1927 bei Leo Hamburger, Frankfurt am Main.
okidoki
160-agrippa as.jpg
37-41 AD - AGRIPPA memorial AE dupondius - struck under Caligula (by RIC)47 viewsobv: M AGRIPPA LF COS III (head left wearing rostral crown)
rev: Neptune standing facing, head left, naked except for cloak draped behind him & over both arms, holding small dolphin in right hand & vertical trident in left. / S.C.
ref: RIC58(Gaius), BMC(Tib)161
mint: Rome
11.10gms, 28mm

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was a boyhood friend of Augustus and a renowned military commander on land and sea, winning the famous battle of Actium against the forces of Marcus Antonius and Cleopatra. Declared Augustus' successor, Agrippa's brilliant career ended when he predeceased Augustus in 12 B.C.
berserker
spinosaurus4inch.jpg
4" Spinosaurus Tooth103 viewsSpinosaurus (meaning "spine lizard") is a genus of theropod dinosaur which lived in what is now North Africa, from the lower Albian to Cenomanian stages of the Cretaceous period, about 106 to 93.5 million years ago. This genus was first known from Egyptian remains discovered in the 1910s and described by German paleontologist Ernst Stromer. These original remains were destroyed in World War II, but additional skull material has come to light in recent years. It is unclear whether one or two species are represented in the described fossils. The best known species is S. aegyptiacus from Egypt, although a potential second species, S. maroccanus, has been recovered from Morocco. Spinosaurus is often postulated as a piscivore, and work using oxygen isotope ratios in tooth enamel suggests that it was semiaquatic, living both on land and in water like a modern crocodilian.ancientone
60661q00.jpg
4) Cleopatra Tetradrachm of Alexandria62 viewsThis coin was issued in the first year of Cleopatra's reign, which would place it around 50 B.C. while she was was still in a relationship with Julius Caesar. Twenty years later, she and Antony would commit suicide after their defeat at Actium, ending the reign of the Pharaohs of Egypt.

Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1817 (Ptolemaios XIII); SNG Cop 398; Cohen DCA 70; BMC Ptolemies p. 1817, 2 (Ptolemaios XIII); Noeske 363; Hosking 129; SNG Milan -, gVF, toned, Paphos mint, weight 9.476g, maximum diameter 25.6mm, die axis 0o, 51 - 50; obverse diademed bust right (feminized bust of Ptolemy I or Cleopatra?), wearing aegis; reverse PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, palm behind over right wing, LB (year 2) over crown of Isis left, PA right

Purchased from FORVM
RM0010
1 commentsSosius
Cleopatra_RPC_4772.jpg
4) Cleopatra - Chalcis, Syria17 viewsCLEOPATRA VII
AE 19 of Chalcis, Syria, 32-31 BC

Diademed and draped bust of Cleopatra right / Nike advancing right, holding palm, within laurel wreath.

RPC I 4772; SNG Copenhagen -; HGC 9, 1452. aVF, flan crack

Ex-Amphora Coins, with Hendin COA
RM0021
Sosius
25385q00.jpg
4) Cleopatra VII17 viewsCleopatra VII (maybe)
Bronze dichalkon, 1.491g, 11.5mm, 0o, Paphos mint

Diademed bust of Cleopatra VII as Isis right, hair in melon-coiffure / PTOLEMAIOU - BASILEWS, double cornucopia flanked by ribbons

Kreuzer p. 44, first illustration; Svoronos 1160 (Ptolemy IV); SNG Cop 649; Weiser -, Fine.

Caption per FORVM catalog:
Kreuzer, in his book The Coinage System of Cleopatra VII and Augustus in Cyprus, assembles evidence dating this type to Cleopatra VII instead of the reign of Ptolemy IV used in older references.

Purchased from FORVM
RM0004
Sosius
Cleo_VII_Paphos_5.jpg
4) Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator, 51 - 30 B.C.31 viewsCLEOPATRA VII
Bronze dichalkon, Paphos mint

Diademed bust of Cleopatra VII as Isis r., hair in melon-coiffure / ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ−ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, double cornucopia flanked by ribbons

Kreuzer p. 44, 1st illustr; Svoronos 1160 (Ptolemy IV); Weiser -; SNG Cop 649. VF
RM0022
Sosius
2550147.jpg
4) Juba II and Cleopatra Selene28 viewsKINGS of MAURETANIA
Juba II, with Cleopatra Selene. 25 BC-24 AD.
AR Denarius (18mm, 2.95g)
Caesarea mint. Struck circa 20 BC-AD 24.

Diademed head right / Star in crescent. MAA 97; SNG Copenhagen 567. VF, weak strike.

For almost fifty years Juba II maintained order in North Africa as one of Rome's most loyal client kings. In AD 11, he had been given Cleopatra Selene, daughter of Cleopatra VII of Egypt, as a wife by a grateful Augustus, and their son, Ptolemy, succeeded him in AD 24.

Ex CNG
RM0005
2 commentsSosius
rjb_2013_10_02.jpg
45712 viewsLeo I & Verina
AE4
Obverse: D N LEO
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: b E
Empress Verina standing facing holding cross on globe and transverse sceptre
RIC X 713 - 718
mauseus
rjb_2013_10_01.jpg
45720 viewsLeo I
AE4
Obv: DN LEO PERPET AV
Diademed draped bust right
Rev: No legend apart from NIC in exergue
Emperor standing right holding cross and raising captive
Nicomedia mint
cf RIC X 708

The obverse legend appears to terminate AV, instead of AVG
mauseus
rjb_2013_10_03.jpg
45719 viewsLeo I
Tremesis
Obv: DN LEO PERPET AVG
Diademed draped bust right
Rev: VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM
Victory standing left holding wreath and globus cruciger, star in right fied
Constantinople mint
RIC 611
mauseus
rjb_2014_03_03.jpg
45714 viewsLeo I
AE4
Obv: DN LEO PF AVG
Diademed draped bust right
Rev: No legend
Lion crouching left with head turned right, all within wreath
Constantinople or Cyzicus mint
mauseus
rjb_2017_10_01.jpg
4575 viewsLeo I
AE4
Obv: DN LEO
Diademed draped bust right
Rev: No legend apart from CN in exergue
Emperor standing right holding cross and raising captive
Constantinople mint
RIC X 703-4
mauseus
rjb_2014_09_s09.jpg
4579 viewsLeo I & Verina
AE4
Obverse: D N LEO
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: b E
Empress Verina standing facing holding cross on globe and transverse sceptre
RIC X 713 - 718
mauseus
1LeoI457AD.JPG
457-494 AD, Leo I26 viewsAe; 10 mm; 1.26g

DN LEONS PF AVG
pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right

Monogram in wreath


Vagi 3793; RIC X 694
monogram 1b
1 commentsRobin Ayers
Marcianopolis_Homonoia_Moushmov_384.jpg
46 - 5 - 10 - SEPTIMIO SEVERO (193 - 211 D.C.)47 viewsMARCIANOPOLIS Moesia Inferior

AE 2 Assarias 19 mm 4 gr.

Anv: ”AV K [Λ CEΠT] CEVHPOC” – Busto laureado y vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: ”MARKIANOΠOΛIT – Kybele (Cibeles) sentada en trono a izq. , portando pátera, brazo sobre tambor y león a su lado.

Acuñada: 193 - 211 D.C.

Referencias: Moushmov #384 - SNG Cop #208 - AMNG Vol.I/1 #586
mdelvalle
Denario Septimio Severo RIC 266D.jpg
46-11 - SEPTIMIO SEVERO (193 - 211 D.C.)32 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 2.8 gr.

Anv: "SEVERVS PIUS AVG" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "INDVLGENTIA AVGG // IN CARTH" en exergo (La Benevolencia del Augusto hacia Cartago) - La Diosa Celestial de Cartago sentada de frente sobre un león que corre hacia la derecha, sostiene un rayo en mano derecha y un cetro en la izquierda. Debajo se vé aguas saliendo de una roca. Esta acuñación recuerda algún favor especial de los Emperadores a Carthage, capital de la provincia nativa de los Severos. Parece estar conectada con el abastecimiento de agua de la ciudad (quizás un acueducto nuevo), pero los detalles no se saben. El diosa principal de Carthage era conocida por los romanos como "Dea Caelestis", la “Diosa celestial”, aunque no es nombrada en las monedas y de allí surge una pequeña duda si Ella realmente es quien monta el león.

Acuñada 17ava. Emisión 204 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.1ra)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte I #266D Pag.125 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #6285 Pag.459 - BMCRE #335/8 Pag.218 - Cohen Vol.III #219 Pag.27 - DVM #47 Pag.183 - RSC Vol.III #222 Pag.28 - Hill CSS #655 - Foss #62
mdelvalle
RIC_266D_Denario_Septimio_Severo.jpg
46-11 - SEPTIMIO SEVERO (193 - 211 D.C.)11 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 2.8 gr.

Anv: "SEVERVS PIUS AVG" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "INDVLGENTIA AVGG // IN CARTH" en exergo (La Benevolencia del Augusto hacia Cartago) - La Diosa Celestial de Cartago sentada de frente sobre un león que corre hacia la derecha, sostiene un rayo en mano derecha y un cetro en la izquierda. Debajo se vé aguas saliendo de una roca. Esta acuñación recuerda algún favor especial de los Emperadores a Carthage, capital de la provincia nativa de los Severos. Parece estar conectada con el abastecimiento de agua de la ciudad (quizás un acueducto nuevo), pero los detalles no se saben. El diosa principal de Carthage era conocida por los romanos como "Dea Caelestis", la “Diosa celestial”, aunque no es nombrada en las monedas y de allí surge una pequeña duda si Ella realmente es quien monta el león.

Acuñada 17ava. Emisión 204 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.1ra)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte I #266D Pag.125 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #6285 Pag.459 - BMCRE #335/8 Pag.218 (Plate 35 #11y14) - Cohen Vol.III #219 Pag.27 - DVM #47 Pag.183 - RSC Vol.III #222 Pag.28 - Hill CSS #655 - Foss #62 - Salgado II/1 #4126.a.2 Pag.85
mdelvalle
Moushmov_382-4_Marcianopolis_Septimio_Severo.jpg
46-50 - SEPTIMIO SEVERO (193 - 211 D.C.)14 viewsMARCIANOPOLIS Moesia Inferior
Legado Consular FAUSTINIANUS

AE Tetrassaria 27 mm 8.5 gr.

Anv: ”AV K Λ CEΠT CEVHPOC” – Busto laureado y vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: ”VI ΦAVCTINIANOC MARKIANOΠO-ΛIT – Kybele (Cibeles) sentada en trono a izq. , portando pátera, brazo sobre tambor y león a recostado a su izquierda.

Acuñada: 193 - 211 D.C.

Referencias: Moushmov #382-4 - SNG Cop #208 - AMNG Vol.I/1 #565 Pag.202 - Varbanov I #774 Pag.116 - Lindgren II #711 Pag.31 - Mionnet Supl.2 #116 Pag.74
mdelvalle
Moushmov_384_Marcianopolis_Septimio_Severo.jpg
46-51 - SEPTIMIO SEVERO (193 - 211 D.C.)17 viewsMARCIANOPOLIS Moesia Inferior

AE 2 Assarias 19 mm 4 gr.

Anv: ”AV K [Λ CEΠT] CEVHPOC” – Busto laureado y vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: ”MARKIANOΠOΛIT – Kybele (Cibeles) sentada en trono a izq. , portando pátera, brazo sobre tambor y león a su lado.

Acuñada: 193 - 211 D.C.

Referencias: Moushmov #380 - SNG Cop #208 - AMNG Vol.I/1 #586 Pag.207 - Varbanov I #723 Pag.113
mdelvalle
Marc_Antony_Cr496.jpg
496/1 Marc Antony45 viewsMarc Antony AR Denarius. 42 BC, Greek Mint. (3.62g, 17.8m, 2.3h). Obv: M ANTONI IMP, bare head right. Rev: III VIR R P C, facing head of Sol in a temple of two columns. RSC 12, Sear5 1467, Syd 1168, Cr496/1.

After Caesar’s death, Antony, Octavian, and Lepidus formed the Second Triumvirate. Ultimately, Lepidus was pushed to the side and Antony was defeated by Octavian at the battle of Actium. Fleeing back to Egypt, Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide in the face of their defeat by Octavian.
2 commentsLucas H
postume-virtvtiaugusti_4.JPG
4e Emission - 2e Phase - (267) - Trèves - VIRTVTI AVGVSTI17 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
VIRTVTI AVGVSTI
variante : la léonté enroulé autour de la massue
EG 85
CUNETIO 2441
RIC 333
ELMER 390var
AGK 114
de Witte 360
Cohen 452
PYL
coin599.JPG
501. Constantine I Alexandria Posthumous23 viewsAlexandria

The city passed formally under Roman jurisdiction in 80 BC, according to the will of Ptolemy Alexander but after it had been previously under Roman influence for more than a hundred years. Julius Caesar dallied with Cleopatra in Alexandria in 47 BC, saw Alexander's body (quipping 'I came to see a king, not a collection of corpses' when he was offered a view of the other royal burials) and was mobbed by the rabble. His example was followed by Marc Antony, for whose favor the city paid dearly to Octavian, who placed over it a prefect from the imperial household.

From the time of annexation onwards, Alexandria seems to have regained its old prosperity, commanding, as it did, an important granary of Rome. This fact, doubtless, was one of the chief reasons which induced Augustus to place it directly under imperial power. In AD 215 the emperor Caracalla visited the city and for some insulting satires that the inhabitants had directed at him, abruptly commanded his troops to put to death all youths capable of bearing arms. This brutal order seems to have been carried out even beyond the letter, for a general massacre ensued.

Even as its main historical importance had formerly sprung from pagan learning, now Alexandria acquired fresh importance as a centre of Christian theology and church government. There Arianism was formulated and where also Athanasius, the great opponent of both Arianism and pagan reaction, triumphed over both, establishing the Patriarch of Alexandria as a major influence in Christianity for the next two centuries.

As native influences began to reassert themselves in the Nile valley, Alexandria gradually became an alien city, more and more detached from Egypt and losing much of its commerce as the peace of the empire broke up during the 3rd century AD, followed by a fast decline in population and splendour.

In the late 4th century, persecution of pagans by Christians had reached new levels of intensity. Temples and statues were destroyed throughout the Roman empire: pagan rituals became forbidden under punishment of death, and libraries were closed. In 391, Emperor Theodosius I ordered the destruction of all pagan temples, and the Patriarch Theophilus, complied with his request. It is possible that the great Library of Alexandria and the Serapeum was destroyed about this time. The pagan mathematician and philosopher Hypathia was a prominent victim of the persecutions.

The Brucheum and Jewish quarters were desolate in the 5th century, and the central monuments, the Soma and Museum, fell into ruin. On the mainland, life seemed to have centred in the vicinity of the Serapeum and Caesareum, both which became Christian churches. The Pharos and Heptastadium quarters, however, remained populous and left intact.

veiled head only
DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG
RIC VIII Alexandria 32 C3

From uncleaned lot; one of the nicer finds.
ecoli
52-Edward-Black-Prince.jpg
52. Edward the Black Prince.19 viewsHardi d' argent, ca 1362-1372, Poitiers mint.
Obverse: ED PO GENT REGI AGIE / Half-length figure of the Prince, facing, under Gothic canopy, sword in right hand.
Reverse: PRINCIPS AQITAIN / Long cross with lis in first and third angles, and leopard in second and fourth angles.
Mint mark: P between Q and I in AQITAIN on reverse.
1.12 gm., 19 mm.
Elias #205b.

The name of Edward the Black Prince exists only on coins of English possessions in France, like this coin from Aquitaine.
Callimachus
AnthonyLegPanoramaBlack~0.jpg
544/21 Mark Anthony 34 viewsMarc Antony Legionary Denarius- Legion VIII. Patrae(?) Mint 32-31 BC. (3.42 g, 16.73 mm) Obv: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian galley. Rev: LEG VIII, legionary eagle between two standards.
Sydenham 1225, RSC 35, Crawford 544/21

Ex: Private Collection

Description from Forvm Ancient Coins:

"The legionary denarii were struck by Antony for the use of his fleet and legions, most likely at his winter headquarters at Patrae just before the Actian campaign. They may have been struck with silver from Cleopatra's treasury. The legionary denarii provide an interesting record of the 23 legions, praetorian cohorts and the chort of speculatores of which Antony's army was composed. Some of them give the name as well as the number of the legion honored. They have a lower silver content than the standard of the time. As a result they were rarely hoarded, heavily circulated and are most often found in very worn condition."

Unfortunately from what I understand VIII Leg has no equivelant among the imperial legions.

This specific coin was fun to photograph, it seemed like no matter how you turned and twisted it still turned out great. A photogenic coin, in other words!
Paddy
IMG_4581.jpg
6 kreuzer 1674 Austria Leopold I., SHS Breslau29 views2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
308_P_Hadrian_Emmett979.jpg
6001 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 134-35 AD Harpokrates22 viewsReference.
RPC III, 6001; Emmett 979.19; Köln 1176; Milne 1472; Dattari 1730;

Issue L ƐΝΝƐΑΚ·Δ = year 19

Obv. AΥT KAIC TΡAIAN AΔΡIANOC CEB,
laureate bust right, draper on left shoulder, seen from behind

Rev. L ENNEAK Δ
Harpokrates of Herakleopolis standing left, wearing hem-hem crown, chiton and peplos, right hand with finger to lips, club in left, candalbra altar left.

21.61 gr
35 mm
12h
okidoki
coin401.JPG
602a. Valentinian III31 viewsIn the early years of his reign, Valentinian was overshadowed by his mother. After his marriage in 437, moreover, much of the real authority lay in the hands of the Patrician and Master of Soldiers Aetius. Nor does Valentinian seem to have had much of an aptitude for rule. He is described as spoiled, pleasure-loving, and influenced by sorcerers and astrologers. He divided his time primarily between Rome and Ravenna. Like his mother, Valentinian was devoted to religion. He contributed to churches of St. Laurence in both Rome and Ravenna. He also oversaw the accumulation of ecclesiastical authority in the hands of the bishop of Rome as he granted ever greater authority and prestige to pope Leo the Great (440-461) in particular.

Valentinian's reign saw the continued dissolution of the western empire. By 439, nearly all of North Africa was effectively lost to the Vandals; Valentinian did attempt to neutralize that threat by betrothing his sister Placidia to the Vandal prince Huneric. In Spain, the Suevi controlled the northwest, and much of Gaul was to all intents and purposes controlled by groups of Visigoths, Burgundians, Franks, and Alans. In 454, Valentinian murdered his supreme general Aetius, presumably in an attempt to rule in his own right. But in the next year, he himself was murdered by two members of his bodyguard, ex-partisans of Aetius.

Although Valentinian was ineffectual as a ruler, his legitimate status and connection to the old ruling dynasty provided a last vestige of unity for the increasingly fragmented Roman empire. After his death, the decay of the west accelerated. The different regions of the west went their own way, and the last several western emperors, the so-called "Shadow" or "Puppet" Emperors, not only were usually overshadowed by one barbarian general or other, but also were limited primarily to Italy.
ecoli
01860q00.jpg
604. Leo I387 viewsImperator Caesar Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus or Leo I of the Byzantine Empire (401–474), reigned from 457 to 474, also known as Leo the Thracian, was the last of a series of emperors placed on the throne by Aspar, the Alan serving as commander-in-chief of the army. His coronation as emperor on February 7, 457, was the first known to involve the Patriarch of Constantinople. Leo I made an alliance with the Isaurians and was thus able to eliminate Aspar. The price of the alliance was the marriage of Leo's daughter to Tarasicodissa, leader of the Isaurians who, as Zeno, became emperor in 474.

During Leo's reign, the Balkans were ravaged time and again by the West Goths and the Huns. However, these attackers were unable to take Constantinople thanks to the walls which had been rebuilt and reinforced in the reign of Theodosius II and against which they possessed no suitable siege engines.

Leo's reign was also noteworthy for his influence in the Western Roman Empire, marked by his appointment of Anthemius as Western Roman Emperor in 467. He attempted to build on this political achievement with an expedition against the Vandals in 468, which was defeated due to the treachery and incompetence of Leo's brother-in-law Basiliscus. This disaster drained the Empire of men and money.

Leo's greatest influence in the West was largely inadvertent and at second-hand: the great Goth king Theodoric the Great was raised at the Leo's court in Constantinople, where he was steeped in Roman government and military tactics, which served him well when he returned after Leo's death to become the Goth ruler of a mixed but largely Romanized people.

Leo also published a New Constitutions or compilation of Law Code[1], Constitution LV concerned Judaism: "JEWS SHALL LIVE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE RITES OF CHRISTIANITY. Those who formerly were invested with Imperial authority promulgated various laws with reference to the Hebrew people, who, once nourished by Divine protection, became renowned, but are now remarkable for the calamities inflicted upon them because of their contumacy towards Christ and God; and these laws, while regulating their mode of life, compelled them to read the Holy Scriptures, and ordered them not to depart from the ceremonies of their worship. They also provided that their children should adhere to their religion, being obliged to do so as well by the ties of blood, as on account of the institution of circumcision. These are the laws which I have already stated were formerly enforced throughout the Empire. But the Most Holy Sovereign from whom We are descended, more concerned than his predecessors for the salvation of the Jews, instead of allowing them (as they did) to obey only their ancient laws, attempted, by the interpretation of prophesies and the conclusions which he drew from them, to convert them to the Christian religion, by means of the vivifying water of baptism. He fully succeeded in his attempts to transform them into new men, according to the doctrine of Christ, and induced them to denounce their ancient doctrines and abandon their religious ceremonies, such as circumcision, the observance of the Sabbath, and all their other rites. But although he, to a certain extent, overcame the obstinacy of the Jews, he was unable to force them to abolish the laws which permitted them to live in accordance with their ancient customs. Therefore We, desiring to accomplish what Our Father failed to effect, do hereby annul all the old laws enacted with reference to the Hebrews, and We order that they shall not dare to live in any other manner than in accordance with the rules established by the pure and salutary Christian Faith. And if anyone of them should be proved to, have neglected to observe the ceremonies of the Christian religion, and to have returned to his former practices, he shall pay the penalty prescribed by the law for apostates."

Leo died of dysentery at the age of 73 on January 18, 474.

Bronze AE4, RIC 671, S 4340 var, VG, 1.17g, 10.3mm, 180o, Alexandria mint, obverse D N LEO P F AVG (or similar), pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Lion standing left, head right, cross above, ALEA in ex; very rare (R3); ex Forum
ecoli73
coin566.JPG
604a. Leo I and Verina327 viewsAelia Verina (died 484) was the wife of Byzantine emperor Leo I, and the mother-in-law of Zeno, who was married to her daughter Ariadne.

Her origins are unknown. She originally supported Zeno while the young emperor Leo II was still alive, but after Leo II's death in 474 she turned against her son-in-law. She conspired against him with her lover Patricius, her brother Basiliscus, the Isaurian general Illus, and general Theodoric Strabo, forcing Zeno to flee Constantinople in 475. Basiliscus then briefly became the rival emperor, until 476 when Verina reconciled with Zeno.

Verina then conspired against Illus, who discovered the plot, and with Zeno's consent had her imprisoned. This led to another conspiracy led by Verina's son Marcian (a grandson of the emperor Marcian), but Marcian was defeated and exiled.

In 483 Zeno asked Illus to release Verina, but by now Illus was opposed to Zeno's Monophysite sympathies. Illus allied with Verina and declared a general named Leontius emperor, but Zeno defeated them as well. Illus and Verina fled to Isauria, where Verina died in 484.

Bronze AE4, RIC 713-718, obverse D N LE-O (or similar), Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Empress Verina standing facing holding cross on globe and transverse scepter, b - E across fields, From uncleaned pile

ecoli
915_P_Hadrian_Emmett1236_11.jpg
6376 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Nome Obol 126-27 AD Heracles15 viewsReference.
Emmett 1236.11; RPC III, 6376; Köln 3396; Dattari 6258; BMC 79; Milne 1237h

Issue Heracleopolite

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ СΕΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. ΗΡΑΚ, L ΙΑ
Bearded head of Herishef / Heracles, wearing taenia, r.

5.69 gr
19 mm
12h
okidoki
1322_P_Hadrian_RPC6376.jpg
6376 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Nome Obol 126-27 AD Heracles3 viewsReference.
Emmett 1236.11; RPC III, 6376; Köln 3396; Dattari 6258; BMC 79; Milne 1237h

Issue Heracleopolite

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ СΕΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. ΗΡΑΚ, L ΙΑ
Bearded head of Herishef / Heracles, wearing taenia, r.

5.15 gr
18 mm
12h
okidoki
659_P_Hadrian_Emmett1240.JPG
6470 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Nome Obol 126-27 AD Horus-Mahes standing16 viewsReference.
Emmett 1240.11; RPC III, 6470

Issue. Leontopolite

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ СΕΒ
laureate bust right

Rev. ΛΕΟΝΤ, L ΙΑ
Horus-Mahes standing, facing, head r., wearing military dress, holding spear in r. hand, and lion, r., in l. hand

5.70 gr
19 mm
h
okidoki
953_P_Hadrian_RPC6470.jpg
6470 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Nome Obol 126-27 AD Horus-Mahes standing25 viewsReference.
Emmett 1240.11; RPC III, 6470.29 (this coin); Dattari-Savio Pl. 302, 10976.

Issue. Leontopolite

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ СΕΒ
laureate bust right

Rev. ΛΕΟΝΤ, L ΙΑ
Horus-Mahes standing, facing, head r., wearing military dress, holding spear in r. hand, and lion, r., in l. hand

5.80 gr
20 mm
12h
okidoki
RIC_116_Denario_Gordiano_III.jpg
69-01 - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.) 14 viewsAR Denario 20 mm 2.38 gr.

Anv: "IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG" - Busto laureado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VIRTVTI AVGVSTI" - Hércules desnudo de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, su mano derecha descansa sobre su cadera y la derecha sobre un garrote apoyado sobre una roca. Al lado del garrote una piel de león.

Acuñada 8va. Emisión fin 240 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.4ta.)
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #116 Pag.27 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #8684 Pag.124 - Cohen Vol.V #403 Pag.67 (3f) - RSC Vol. IV #403 Pag.10 - Hunter P.LXXXVI
mdelvalle
RIC_95_Antoniniano_Gordiano_III.jpg
69-16 - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.)15 viewsAR Antoniniano 21 mm 4.2 gr.

Anv: "IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VIRTVTI AVGVSTI" - Hércules desnudo de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, su mano derecha descansa sobre su cadera y la derecha sobre un garrote apoyado sobre una roca. Al lado del garrote una piel de león.

Acuñada 9na. a 11ava. Emisiones fin 240 a principio 243 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.4ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IVc #95 Pag.25, Sear RCTV III #8670 Pag.122, Cohen V #404 var Pag.67, Hunter #71, RSC IV #404 Pag.10, DVM #64 Pag.225, Cayón #85
mdelvalle
Antoniniano Gordiano III RIC 95.jpg
69-17 - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.)53 viewsAR Antoniniano 21 mm 4.2 gr.

Anv: "IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VIRTVTI AVGVSTI" - Hércules desnudo de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, su mano derecha descansa sobre su cadera y la derecha sobre un garrote apoyado sobre una roca. Al lado del garrote una piel de león.

Acuñada 9na. a 11ava. Emisiones fin 240 a principio 243 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.4ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #95 Pag.25 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #8670 - Cohen Vol.V #404 var Pag.67 - RSC Vol. IV #404 Pag.10 - DVM #64 Pag.225 - Cayón #85
1 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_95_Antoniniano_Gordiano_III_0.jpg
69-17 - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.)17 viewsAR Antoniniano 21 mm 4.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VIRTVTI AVGVSTI" - Hércules desnudo de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, su mano derecha descansa sobre su cadera y la derecha sobre un garrote apoyado sobre una roca. Al lado del garrote una piel de león.

Acuñada 9na. a 11ava. Emisiones fin 240 a principio 243 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.4ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IVc #95 Pag.25, Sear RCTV III #8670 Pag.122, Cohen V #404 var Pag.67, Hunter #71, RSC IV #404 Pag.10, DVM #64 Pag.225, Cayón #85
mdelvalle
Denario_Gordiano_III_VIRTVTI_AVGVSTI_RIC__116.jpg
69-30 - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.) 55 viewsAR Denario 20 mm 2.38 gr.

Anv: "IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG" - Busto laureado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VIRTVTI AVGVSTI" - Hércules desnudo de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, su mano derecha descansa sobre su cadera y la derecha sobre un garrote apoyado sobre una roca. Al lado del garrote una piel de león.

Acuñada 8va. Emisión fin 240 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.4ta.)
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #116 Pag.27 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #8684 Pag.124 - Cohen Vol.V #403 Pag.67 (3f) - RSC Vol. IV #403 Pag.10
mdelvalle
Moushmov_337_Sestercio_VIMINACIUM_Gordiano_III.jpg
69-54 - Viminacium - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.)16 viewsVIMINACIUM - Moesia Superior
(Hoy Kostolac ciudad serbia del Danubio)

AE Sestercio? 29 mm 14.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG" - Busto laureado y vistiendo paludamentum, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PMS COL VIM" - Moesia estante entre un toro a su der. y un león a su izq., "ANIIII" en exergo.
El Toro y el León eran los emblemas de las Legiones VII y IV, que se encontraban acuarteladas en la Provincia.

Acuñada año 4, 242 - 243 D.C.
Ceca: Viminacium - Moesia Superior

Referencias: Moushmov #33, AMNG I/2 #83 Pag.35, Mionnet S.2 #6 Pag.43, Ramus I #6 Pag.97, BMC 3 #12 Pag.16, SNG Cop #143, Varbanov I #118 Pag.46 (R3), Sear GICTV #3642 Pag.350
mdelvalle
Moushmov_27_AS_VIMINACIUM_Gordiano_III.jpg
69-55 - Viminacium - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.)15 viewsVIMINACIUM - Moesia Superior
(Hoy Kostolac ciudad serbia del Danubio)

AE AS? 20 mm 3.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG" - Cabeza laureada, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PMS COL VIM" - Moesia estante entre un toro a su der. y un león a su izq., "AN·I" en exergo.

Acuñada año 1, 238 D.C.
Ceca: Viminacium - Moesia Superior

Referencias: Moushmov #27, AMNG I/2 #73/4 Pag.32, Mionnet I #2 Pag.352, BMC 3 #2 Pag.15, SNG Cop #138, Varbanov I #101 Pag.46 (R3)
mdelvalle
Moushmov_36_VIMINACIO_Filipo_I.jpg
70-25 - Viminacium - FILIPO I "El Arabe" (244 - 249 D.C.) 17 viewsVIMINACIUM - Moesia Superior
(Hoy Kostolac ciudad serbia del Danubio)

AE Sestercio? 30 mm 19.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG" - Busto laureado y vistiendo paludamentum, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PMS COL VIM" - Moesia estante entre un toro a su der. y un león a su izq., "ANVI" en exergo.
El Toro y el León eran los emblemas de las Legiones VII y IV, que se encontraban acuarteladas en la Provincia.

Acuñada año 6, 244 - 245 D.C.
Ceca: Viminacium - Moesia Superior

Referencias: Moushmov #36, AMNG I/2 #102 Pag.40, Mionnet S.2 #25 Pag.46, Ramus I #7a Pag.396, BMC 3 #21 Pag.17, SNG Cop #152, Varbanov I #135 Pag.48 (R2), Sear GICTV #3874 var. (Año V) Pag.372
mdelvalle
741-775 Constantin V Copro S1569.jpg
741-775 Constantine V Copronymos - follis from Syracuse23 viewsBusts of Constantine V and Leo IV facing, to the left K, to he right ΛEON
[ΛEON] / ΔEC[Π] , bust of Leo III facing, holding cross potent.

Sear 1569
Ginolerhino
EA830A0F-E959-4991-BBC6-1E18F365FE51.jpeg
886-912 AD, Leo VI6 viewsLeo VI,
AE Follis;9.61g; 26-27mm
Constantinople

LEON bASILEVS ROM,
crowned bust facing with short beard, wearing chlamys, holding akakia

LEON EN QEO BA SILEVS R OMEON
legend in four lines

SB 1729, DOC 8
Robin Ayers
RIC_371_Antoniniano_Maximiano.jpg
A111 -01 - MAXIMIANO (1er. Reinado 286 - 305 D.C.)12 viewsAntoniniano Pre-reforma 20 mm 4.3 gr.
M.AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS – Emperador asociado por Diocleciano para que gobierne como “Augusto de Occidente”, hasta 305 D.C. cuando abdica.

Anv: "IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG" - Busto con corona radiada, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "HERCVLI PACIFERO" – Hércules desnudo de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, portando una rama de olivo en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y garrote y piel de león en la izquierda. "Δ" en campo izquierdo.

Acuñada: 287 - 288 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum – Hoy Lyon Francia

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #371 (C) Pag.263 – Cohen VI #282 Pag.520 - DVM #23 Pag.278 - Sear RCTV IV #13131 Pag.147 - Hunter iv #27 - Bastien #135
mdelvalle
Antoniniano_Maximiano_RIC_371BIS.jpg
A111 -1 - MAXIMIANO (1er. Reinado 286 - 305 D.C.)61 viewsAntoniniano Pre-reforma 20 mm 4.3 gr.
M.AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS – Emperador asociado por Diocleciano para que gobierne como “Augusto de Occidente”, hasta 305 D.C. cuando abdica.

Anv: "IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG" - Busto con corona radiada, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "HERCVLI PACIFERO" – Hércules desnudo de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, portando una rama de olivo en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y garrote y piel de león en la izquierda. "Δ" en campo izquierdo.

Acuñada: 287 - 288 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum – Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #371 Pag.263 – Cohen vol-VI #282 Pag.520 - DVM # Pag. - Salgado MRBI Vol.III # Pag.
mdelvalle
EpirusAugustus3.jpg
Achaea, Epirus, Nikopolis, AE18. Augustus (under Hadrian) (Divus)/ Head of boar96 viewsObv: AVGOVCTO CKTICTHC, Head of Augustus r., bare.
Rev: NΕIΚΟΠΟ(Λ) ΕW(C), Head of boar r.
Oikonomidou Augustus 56-57

Nikopolis, Epirus was founded in 28 BC by Octavian in memory of his victory over Antony and Cleopatra at Actium.
1 commentsancientone
leukai_LEO.jpg
AE 10.2; Apollo left/ ΛΕΟ 
Swan standing left20 viewsLeukai (Leuce), Ionia 
350-300 B.C. AE 0.93 g. 10.2mm. Head of Apollo laureate l. 
ΛΕΟ 
Swan standing l. Cf. BMC 157, 2. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
sb_1569.jpg
AE follis Constantine V SB 1569 13 viewsObverse: Constantine V, bearded on l., and Leo IV beardless on r. stg facing each wearing crown and chlamys and holding akakia, between heads a cross
Reverse: Leo III bearded standing wearing crown and loros and holding crown and chlamys and holding cross potent to left.
Mint: Syracuse
Date: 741-775 CE
SB 1569 DO 19
15/20 mm 2.32gm
wileyc
sbvc1569_16mm2_06g.jpg
AE follis Constantine V SB 1569 4 viewsObverse: Constantine V, bearded on l., and Leo IV beardless on r. stg facing each wearing crown and chlamys and holding akakia, between heads a cross
Reverse: Leo III bearded standing wearing crown and loros and holding crown and chlamys and holding cross potent to left.
Mint: Syracuse
Date: 741-775 CE
SB 1569 DO 19
16 mm 2.06gm
wileyc
sbvc1569_17mm,2_91g.jpg
AE follis Constantine V SB 1569 6 viewsObverse: Constantine V, bearded on l., and Leo IV beardless on r. stg facing each wearing crown and chlamys and holding akakia, between heads a cross
Reverse: Leo III bearded standing wearing crown and loros and holding crown and chlamys and holding cross potent to left.
Mint: Syracuse
Date: 741-775 CE
SB 1569 DO 19
17mm 2.91gm
wileyc
sbvc156916_13mm1_64g.jpg
AE follis Constantine V SB 1569 9 viewsObverse: Constantine V, bearded on l., and Leo IV beardless on r. stg facing each wearing crown and chlamys and holding akakia, between heads a cross
Reverse: Leo III bearded standing wearing crown and loros and holding crown and chlamys and holding cross potent to left.
Mint: Syracuse
Date: 741-775 CE
SB 1569 DO 19
13 mm 1.64gm
wileyc
sb_1636.jpg
AE follis Leo V SB 163610 viewsObverse: Facing bust of Leo, with short beard, wearing crown and loros, and holding cross potent.
Reverse: KONCT, facing bust of Constantine, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys and holding gl. cr., on either side of head., C_I
Mint: Syracuse
Date:813-820 CE
SB 1636 DO 17
17mm 2.45gm
wileyc
sear_671.jpg
AE follis Phocas41 viewsObverse: ON FOCA NE PE AV Phocas on l., Leontia on r., stg facing, Emperor holds gl. cr., Empress sometimes nimbate holds cruciform sceptre; between heads cross.
Reverse: Large M between ANNO and regnal yr. III, cross above THEUP in ex.
Mint: Theoupolis(Antioch)
Date: 604/5 CE
Sear 671 DO 83-9
25mm 8.51gm
2 commentswileyc
LEO1-1.jpg
Aelia Verina, wife of Leo I. Augusta, 457-484 CE.285 viewsÆ 4 (10 mm, 0.82 gm). Constantinople mint, 457-484 CE.
Obv: D N LEO Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Leo I right.
Rev: Verina standing holding transverse scepter and globus cruciger, B E at sides.
RIC 714; Vagi 3798.
2 commentsEmpressCollector
Aethelred_II.jpg
Aethelred II - Canterbury, England184 viewsAethelred II (968-1016). King of England 978-1013 and 1014-1016. AR (20 mm, 1.62 g) penny of long cross type struck at Canterbury; moneyer Leofric.
Obverse: ÆTDELRÆD REX ANGLO.
Reverse: LEOFRIC M O CÆNT.
References: North 774; Sear 1151.
5 commentsjbc
agathokles.jpg
agathokles64 viewsAgathokles, Syracuse, 317-289 BC, Bronze.
Obverse- SWTEIRA, head of Artemis right, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace, quiver over shoulder.
Reverse- AGAQOKLEOS above, ASILEOS below; winged thunderbolt.
23mm, 10.2 grams.
3 commentsb70
salama-.jpg
Agathokles, Æ 21; Artemis / thunderbolt15 viewsSicily, Syracuse. Agathokles, 317-289 B.C., 21 mm, 7.25 g.
Obverse: draped bust of Artemis Soteira right, quiver over shoulder. Reverse: AGATHOKLEOS BASILEOS; thunderbolt, ex areich

Podiceps
Agathokles.jpg
Agathokles, SNG ANS 708, 295 BC, Sicily, Syracuse13 viewsHead of Artemis right, in triple-pendant earring & necklace, quiver over shoulder. Winged thunderbolt

Remnants of SWTEIRA on front.
AGAQOKLEOS BASILEOS
Saving/Savior Artemis
of King Agathokles
Jonathan N
Agrippa.jpg
Agrippa55 viewsAgrippa, as (struck under Caligula).
Son-in-law of Augustus.
RIC 58.
11,37 g, 28-29 mm.
Rome, 37-41 A.D.
Obv. M AGRIPPA L F COS III, head of Agrippa left wearing rostral crown.
Rev. S C either side of Neptune standing left holding dolphin and trident.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was a renowned Roman general and close friend of Octavian (Augustus). As general, Agrippa defeated the forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium. In 21 B.C., Augustus married his own daughter Julia to Agrippa. By Julia, Agrippa had two daughters, Vipsania Julia Agrippina and Vipsania Agrippina maior, and three sons, Gaius, Lucius and Agrippa Postumus.
1 commentsMarsman
Agrippa S C.jpg
Agrippa- Anepigraphic79 viewsAgrippa – 63- 12 BC, Military commander and friend of Augustus

Obverse:

Head left wearing a rostral crown.

M.(Marcus) AGRIPPA L.F. (Lucius Filius = son of Lucius) COS. III (Consul for the third time.)

M:Marcus
L.F: Lucius Filius = son of Lucius
COS. III: Consul for the third time

Agrippa he wears a crown on his head which is decorated by prows of (war)ships, a so-called 'rostral crown' probably given to him to honour him as a fleetcommander during the battle of Actium, the decisiove battle in which Octavian defeated Marc Antony and Cleopatra.

Reverse:

S—C, Senatus Consulto

The reverse is 'anepigraphic' without text, apart from S.C. (Senatus Consulto = by approval of the Senate) Neptune holds a trident and has a dolphin on his outstretched hand. Neptune too is a reference to the sea and Agrippa's nautical carreer.

Domination: AS, Copper, 29 mm

Mint: Rome. This AS of Agrippa is struck under Caligula.

AGRIPPA
63 - 12 BC
Roman General
Agrippa was the companion of Octavian by the time Caesar was murdered in 44 BC. Agrippa was Octavian's most brilliant military commander. He defeated Pompeius in two naval battles and was responsible for for Octavian's victory over Mark Antony. When Octavian became emperor under the name Augustus Agrippa was second only to the emperor in authority. He suppressed rebellions, founded colonies and built an extensive road-network throughout the Roman empire.
John Schou
aigai_claudius_RPC2429.jpg
Aiolis, Aigai, Claudius, RPC 2429350 viewsClaudius, AD 41-54
AE 20, 5.04g
struck under magistrate Apollodoros Po.
obv. TI KLAVDIOC KAICAR CEBACTOC
Head, laureate, r.
re. EPI APOLLODWROV PO VIOV XALEOV TO B
cult-statue of Apollo Chresterios r.
RPC 2429
rare, F+

At the time of Britannicus there was a magistrate Chaleos. Apollodoros seems to be his son. Aigai was the centre of the worshipping of Apollo Chresterios, meaning the foresayer, the prophet. It is known from an inscription that the inhabitants of Istros about 250 BC have sent a delegation to Aigai asking wether the oracle would tolerate the introducing of Serapis to Istros.
Jochen
Alexander_II_Zebina.JPG
Alexander II Zabinas63 viewsAlexander II Zebina, Antioch, 128-123 BC, Houghton CSE 307, Sear 7127, SNGIs 2341, 21.14mm, 7g
OBV: Radiate head right
REV: BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ (BASILEOS ALEXANDROU), double cornucopiae bound with a fillet, club in left field

Zabinas, the "bought one", the pretender king who spent most of his
pathetic reign fighting Demetrius II and Antiochus VII. He failed to ward
off Antiochus and was forced to plunder the temples of Antioch in order to
come up with getaway money. Unfortunately he was captured and forced to
commit suicide.
1 commentsRomanorvm
13.jpg
Alexander III 89 viewsAlexander the Great 328-320 b.c
Tetradrachm
ARADOS

Obverse:Head of Alexander as Herakles wearing lions skin
Reverse:Zeus Aetophoros on throne;ALEXANDROU BASILEOS;caduceus left throne,AP under

26.95mm 16.81g
PRICE:3332

Why it is here?I don't like it

I bought it (2005) as original 300euro from not blacklisted seller.
1 commentsmaik
217.jpg
Alexander III38 viewsAlexander the Great
Cast fake Tetradrachm

Obverse:Head of Alexander the Great as Herakles wearing lions skin
Reverse:Zeus on throne holding eagle; ALEXANDROY BASILEOS;symbol under and left throne

26.03mm 13.80gm (Under weight) and very soft metal

MODERN CAST FAKE

I bought it as is 24$ at ebay from fake listed seller
maik
artet1.JPG
Alexander III556 viewsAlexander III AR Tetradrachm. ‘Amphipolis’ mint. Struck under Kassander, circa 316-314 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; shield in left field, pellet-in-Π below throne. 17.1 g.

Price 136; Troxell, Studies, issue L8.

Thanks for the atribution Lloyd!


Most lifetime issues of Alexander the Great were usualy bulky/thick, which did not alow for the entire design of the die to imprint on the coin. IMO looked better then the wide thin flan. (edit: though this one is Struck under Kassander)

The coin was hand stuck with a die/avil. Dies were usually made of Bronze because it was sofeter and easier to work with then iron, (though some were made of iron as well) then the was anealed to make it stronger and less brittle.

The planchets were made by pouring molten metal into a mold and saved until needed. When it was ready to be used, they heated it just below melting point and placed it between the dies and the punch die was struck with a hammer.


-----------------------------


"Building upon his father's success in Greece, Alexander III (Alexander the Great, reigned 336-323 BC) set about the conquest of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. By the time of his death at the age of 31, he ruled most of the known world from Greece to Afghanistan. Initially Alexander continued to mint Philip's gold and silver coins. Soon, however, the need for a silver coinage that could be widely used in Greece caused him to begin a new coinage on the Athenian weight-standard. His new silver coins, with the head of Herakles on one side and a seated figure of Zeus on the other, also became one of the staple coinages of the Greek world. They were widely imitated within the empire he had forged."

--------------------------------------

"......Alexander seems to have liked Amphipolis, because one of his last plans was to spend no less than 315 ton silver for a splendid new temple in the city that was to be dedicated to Artemis Tauropolus. It was never built, but after Alexander's death on 11 June 323 in Babylon, his wife queen Roxane settled in Amphipolis, which appears to have become one of the residences of the Macedonian royals. In 179, king Philip V died in the town."


------------------

Amphipolis , ancient city of Macedonia, on the Strymon (Struma) River near the sea and NE of later Thessaloníki. The place was known as Ennea Hodoi [nine ways] before it was settled and was of interest because of the gold and silver and timber of Mt. Pangaeus (Pangaion), to which it gave access. Athenian colonists were driven out (c.464 BC) by Thracians, but a colony was established in 437 BC Amphipolis became one of the major Greek cities on the N Aegean. This colony was captured by Sparta, and Brasidas and Cleon were both killed in a battle there in 422 BC After it was returned to Athens in 421 BC, it actually had virtual independence until captured (357 BC) by Philip II of Macedon. He had promised to restore it to Athens, and his retention of Amphipolis was a major cause of the war with Athens. In 148 BC it became the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia. Paul, Silas, and Timothy passed through Amphipolis (Acts 17.1). Nearby is the modern Greek village of Amfípolis."

--------------------------------

"A quick look at the WildWinds database( http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/greece/macedonia/kings/alexander_III/t.html ) indicates that the style and monograms are consistent with an Amphipolis issue, with perhaps a little less care than usual in the engraving of the reverse. The closest I could locate with a quick look is Price 133 (variant), although yours appears to have a shield rather than dolphin in the left field reverse."
16 commentsrandy h2
ATG_bust_Pergamon.jpg
Alexander III The Great, Macedonian Kingdom, 336 - 323 B.C.143 viewsAlexandros III Philippou Makedonon (356-323 BC), better known as Alexander the Great, single-handedly changed the entire nature of the ancient world in little more than ten years.

"Born in the northern Greek kingdom of Macedonia in 356 BC, to Philip II and his formidable wife Olympias, Alexander was educated by the philosopher Aristotle. Following his father's assassination in 336 BC, he inherited a powerful yet volatile kingdom, which he had to secure - along with the rest of the Greek city states - before he could set out to conquer the massive Persian Empire, in revenge for Persia's earlier attempts to conquer Greece.
Against overwhelming odds, he led his army to victories across the Persian territories of Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt without incurring a single defeat. With his greatest victory at the Battle of Gaugamela, in what is now northern Iraq, in 331 BC, the young king of Macedonia, leader of the Greeks, Overlord of Asia Minor and Pharaoh of Egypt also became Great King of Persia at the age of 25.

Over the next eight years, in his capacity as king, commander, politician, scholar and explorer, Alexander led his army a further 11,000 miles, founding over 70 cities and creating an empire that stretched across three continents and covered some two million square miles.

The entire area from Greece in the west, north to the Danube, south into Egypt and as far east as the Indian Punjab, was linked together in a vast international network of trade and commerce. This was united by a common Greek language and culture, whilst the king himself adopted foreign customs in order to rule his millions of ethnically diverse subjects.

Primarily a soldier, Alexander was an acknowledged military genius who always led by example, although his belief in his own indestructibility meant he was often reckless with his own life and that of those he expected to follow him. The fact that his army only refused to do so once, in the13 years of a reign during which there was constant fighting, indicates the loyalty he inspired.

Following his death in 323 BC at the age of only 32, his empire was torn apart in the power struggles of his successors. Yet Alexander's mythical status rapidly reached epic proportions and inspired individuals as diverse as Julius Caesar, Cleopatra, Louis XIV and Napoleon.

He continues to be portrayed according to the bias of those interpreting his achievements. He is either Alexander the Great or Iskander the Accursed, chivalrous knight or bloody monster, benign multi-culturalist or racist imperialist - but above all he is fully deserving of his description as 'the most significant secular individual in history'."

By Dr Joann Fletcher (http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/alexander_the_great.shtml)
Cleisthenes
ATGlifetimeDrachmLydiaSardes.jpg
Alexander III The Great, Macedonian Kingdom, 336 - 323 B.C. Lifetime Issue109 viewsSilver drachm, Price 2553, VF, 4.297g, 16.4mm, 0o, Lydia, Sardes mint, c. 334 - 323 B.C. Lifetime Issue; Obverse: Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; Reverse: BASILEWS ALEXANDROU, Zeus enthroned left, eagle in right, scepter in left, EYE monogram left, rose under throne. Ex FORVM.

Alexandros III Philippou Makedonon (356-323 BC)

"Alexander III of Macedon, better known as Alexander the Great, single-handedly changed the entire nature of the ancient world in little more than ten years.

Born in the northern Greek kingdom of Macedonia in 356 BC, to Philip II and his formidable wife Olympias, Alexander was educated by the philosopher Aristotle. Following his father's assassination in 336 BC, he inherited a powerful yet volatile kingdom, which he had to secure - along with the rest of the Greek city states - before he could set out to conquer the massive Persian Empire, in revenge for Persia's earlier attempts to conquer Greece.

Against overwhelming odds, he led his army to victories across the Persian territories of Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt without incurring a single defeat. With his greatest victory at the Battle of Gaugamela, in what is now northern Iraq, in 331 BC, the young king of Macedonia, leader of the Greeks, Overlord of Asia Minor and Pharaoh of Egypt also became Great King of Persia at the age of 25.

Over the next eight years, in his capacity as king, commander, politician, scholar and explorer, Alexander led his army a further 11,000 miles, founding over 70 cities and creating an empire that stretched across three continents and covered some two million square miles.

The entire area from Greece in the west, north to the Danube, south into Egypt and as far east as the Indian Punjab, was linked together in a vast international network of trade and commerce. This was united by a common Greek language and culture, whilst the king himself adopted foreign customs in order to rule his millions of ethnically diverse subjects.

Primarily a soldier, Alexander was an acknowledged military genius who always led by example, although his belief in his own indestructibility meant he was often reckless with his own life and that of those he expected to follow him. The fact that his army only refused to do so once, in the 13 years of a reign during which there was constant fighting, indicates the loyalty he inspired.

Following his death in 323 BC at the age of only 32, his empire was torn apart in the power struggles of his successors. Yet Alexander's mythical status rapidly reached epic proportions and inspired individuals as diverse as Julius Caesar, Cleopatra, Louis XIV and Napoleon.

He continues to be portrayed according to the bias of those interpreting his achievements. He is either Alexander the Great or Iskander the Accursed, chivalrous knight or bloody monster, benign multi-culturalist or racist imperialist - but above all he is fully deserving of his description as 'the most significant secular individual in history'."

By Dr. Joann Fletcher
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/alexander_the_great.shtml

"When Alexander saw the breadth of his domain, he wept for there were no more worlds to conquer."--attributed to Plutarch, The Moralia.
http://www.pothos.org/alexander.asp?paraID=96

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
AlexTheGreatMemphisTet.jpg
Alexander III The Great, Macedonian Kingdom, 336 - 323 B.C., Possible Lifetime Issue110 viewsThis is the same coin in my collection, different picture, as the Alexander tetradrachm listed as [300mem].

Silver tetradrachm, Price 3971, VF, 16.081g, 26.1mm, 0o, Egypt, Memphis mint, c. 332 - 323 or 323 - 305 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse ALEXANDROU, Zeus enthroned left, legs crossed, eagle in right, scepter in left, rose left, DI-O under throne. Ex Pavlos S. Pavlou. Ex FORVM, "The Memphis issues are among the finest style Alexander coins. Experts disagree on the date of this issue. Some identify it as a lifetime issue and others as a posthumous issue (Joseph Sermarini).

Alexandros III Philippou Makedonon (356-323 BC)

"Alexander III of Macedon, better known as Alexander the Great, single-handedly changed the entire nature of the ancient world in little more than ten years.

Born in the northern Greek kingdom of Macedonia in 356 BC, to Philip II and his formidable wife Olympias, Alexander was educated by the philosopher Aristotle. Following his father's assassination in 336 BC, he inherited a powerful yet volatile kingdom, which he had to secure - along with the rest of the Greek city states - before he could set out to conquer the massive Persian Empire, in revenge for Persia's earlier attempts to conquer Greece.

Against overwhelming odds, he led his army to victories across the Persian territories of Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt without incurring a single defeat. With his greatest victory at the Battle of Gaugamela, in what is now northern Iraq, in 331 BC, the young king of Macedonia, leader of the Greeks, Overlord of Asia Minor and Pharaoh of Egypt also became Great King of Persia at the age of 25.

Over the next eight years, in his capacity as king, commander, politician, scholar and explorer, Alexander led his army a further 11,000 miles, founding over 70 cities and creating an empire that stretched across three continents and covered some two million square miles.

The entire area from Greece in the west, north to the Danube, south into Egypt and as far east as the Indian Punjab, was linked together in a vast international network of trade and commerce. This was united by a common Greek language and culture, whilst the king himself adopted foreign customs in order to rule his millions of ethnically diverse subjects.

Primarily a soldier, Alexander was an acknowledged military genius who always led by example, although his belief in his own indestructibility meant he was often reckless with his own life and that of those he expected to follow him. The fact that his army only refused to do so once, in the13 years of a reign during which there was constant fighting, indicates the loyalty he inspired.

Following his death in 323 BC at the age of only 32, his empire was torn apart in the power struggles of his successors. Yet Alexander's mythical status rapidly reached epic proportions and inspired individuals as diverse as Julius Caesar, Cleopatra, Louis XIV and Napoleon.

He continues to be portrayed according to the bias of those interpreting his achievements. He is either Alexander the Great or Iskander the Accursed, chivalrous knight or bloody monster, benign multi-culturalist or racist imperialist - but above all he is fully deserving of his description as 'the most significant secular individual in history'."

By Dr. Joann Fletcher
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/alexander_the_great.shtml

"When Alexander saw the breadth of his domain, he wept for there were no more worlds to conquer."--attributed to Plutarch, The Moralia.
http://www.pothos.org/alexander.asp?paraID=96

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsJames Fitzgerald
Alexander_Athena_Tet_Master_01b.jpg
Alexander III | Athena, Lysimachos * Thrace, AR Tetradrachm, Lampsakos, ca. 323-281 BC.208 views
Alexander III | Athena, Lysimachos * Silver Tetradrachm

Obv: Diademed head of Alexander III with horn of Ammon.
Rev: Helmeted Athena enthroned left holding Nike in outstretched right hand, left arm resting on shield, ΒAΣIΛEΩΣ in right field, LYΣIMAXOY in left field. Monogram inner left, below Nike.; crescent below exergual line.

Exergue: Crescent

Mint: Lampsakos
Struck: 301-299 BC.

Size: 30.055 mm.
Weight: 15.07 gms.
Die axis: 0°

Condition: In very fine condition, bright, clear, sharp images on each side, superb relief, well centered and nicely struck.

Holed and plugged.

Refs:*
Sear Greek Coins and their Values, (SG) Number, 6814

Status: TCJH, Private Collection.
4 commentsTiathena
Alexander_Jannaeus_(Yehonatan).jpg
Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan)35 viewsAlexander Jannaeus 103-76 BCE. Prutah, Jerusalem mint. 15mm, 1.51 g. O: Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yehonatan the King around lily; R: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝ∆ΡΟΥ (King Alexander in Greek), anchor upside down, within inner circle. Hendin 1148

These coins are reminiscent of those issued by Hyrcanus I and Antiochus VII. Restoring the anchor design highlighted his conquest of a number of Mediterranean coastal cities.
Nemonater
Jannaeus_k.jpg
Alexander Jannaeus, 103-76 BC.4 viewsÆ prutah, 2.5g, 15mm; Jerusalem.
Obv.: BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY; inverted anchor.
Rev.: Eight pointed star within diadem; between the rays, Paleo-Hebrew inscription 'Yehonatan the King'.
Reference: Hendin 1150 / 17-132-55
John Anthony
alexander-jannaeus-prutah-red-1.jpg
Alexander Jannaeus, Hasmonean AE Prutah, (103-76 BC)12 viewsAncient Greek, Alexander Jannaeus, Hasmonean AE Prutah, (103-76 BC)

Obverse: "Yehonatan the High Priest of the Jews", Three lines of Paleo-Hebrew text within wreath.

𐤉𐤄‬𐤅
𐤇‬𐤍𐤍𐤄‬𐤊‬
𐤍𐤋𐤉𐤇‬𐤍

Reverse: Two joined cornucopias, ribbons on each side, pomegranate between, all within dotted circle border. Three unknown characters right.

Reference: Hendin 1139 var

Ex: Holyland Ancient Coins Corporation - Musa Ali
Gil-galad
h471.jpg
Alexander Janneus21 viewsLepton
BASILEOS ALEXANDROY
103-76 BC
Hendin 471
1 commentsfrederic
jannaeus8.jpg
Alexander Janneus33 viewsLepton
BASILEOS ALEXANDROY LKE
103-76 BC
Hendin 471
1 commentsfrederic
Macedonian_Kingdom_1e_img.jpg
Alexander the Great, Alexander III, silver tetradrachm, Marathus 80 viewsObv:– Head of (Alexander the Great as) Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress knotted at base of neck
Rev:– BASILEOS ALEXANDPOY, Zeus seated left, holding eagle in right hand and scepter in left, Anchor, EP monogram in left field, HD monogram beneath throne
Minted in Marathus mint.c. 323-300 BC
Reference:– Price 3438.

ex Coincraft, London
3 commentsmaridvnvm
alexandre.JPG
Alexandre III de Macédoine (de 336 à 323 av. J.-C.)14 viewsDrachme d'Alexandre le Grand
frappé à Lampsaque en Troade
frappe posthume
non daté ( approximativement entre 310-301 avant JC)
4,14g
16mm
MUELLER 912
PRICE 1389a

Avers, tête d'Héraclès à droite, coiffé de la dépouille de lion (la léonté).
Revers, Zeus aétophore (qui porte l'aigle) assis les jambes croisés sur un trône à gauche, tenant un long sceptre. Devant, protomé de Pégase. Sous le trône, AΛ
ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟY
Alexandre
PYL
tetradrachme_alexandre-16,96g-27mm.JPG
Alexandre III de Macédoine (de 336 à 323 av. J.-C.)12 viewsTétradrachme d'Alexandre III de Macédoine
(Alexandre le Grand)
frappé à Sidé en Pamphylie
non daté (approximativement entre 325-320 avant JC)
16,96g
27mm
PRICE 2951
MUELLER 217 Dium en Pieriae

Avers anépigraphe, tête d'Héraklès (Hercule) à droite, coiffée de la léonté.
Revers, Zeus (Jupiter) aétophore (porteur d'aigle) assis à gauche sur un trône avec dossier, les jambes parallèles, nu jusqu'à la ceinture, tenant un aigle posé sur sa main droite et un long sceptre bouleté de la gauche. ΔI dans le champ gauche. Un monogramme sous le siège.
AΛEΞANΔPOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ
ALEXANDROU BASILEWS
Alexandre roi
PYL
alfon.jpg
Alfonso XI, (1312 - 1350 A.D.)30 viewsSpain, Leon
Billon Cornado
O: +ALFON S REX, crowned bust left
R: CASTELE LEGION•, castle with three towers; L and star flanking tower, L below.
León mint.
19mm
.81g
ME 1182; Burgos 289.
1 commentsMat
leo_1.jpg
Amphiipolis Lion24 viewsMacedon: Amphiipolis. c 3rd Century BC, AE 10, 4.1g Obv Head of Herakles right, Rev lion standing left, reverse legend AMFIPO above the lion and LITWN in exergue, Moushmov 6023. ex Romeos.kaitsuburi
ANA_Summer_Seminar_2013_Token.jpg
ANA Summer Seminar 2013 Banquet Token34 viewsAmerican Numismatic Association
2013
Badger Mint
Three rings surrounding
AMERICAN∙NUMISMATIC∙ASSOCIATION∙SUMMER∙SEMINAR
Three rings surrounding, DE PROFUNDIS ANNO MMXIII
Lamp of the ANA on a stand

Based on a Byzantine Miliaresion of Leo VI, 9th Century AD.
WindchildPunico
01505q00.jpg
Anatolia & al-Jazira (Post-Seljuk). AE Dirham. Artuqids (Mardin). Nasir al-Din Artuq Arslan. AH 606 = AD 1209/1210.14 viewsMardin mint,(Bronze, 30 mm, 11.63 g, 7 h). Figure riding leopard to left, head and body facing, holding cup in her raised right hand and dagger in her raised left; around, legend in Kufic 'al-Malik al-alim al-adil Nasir al-Din Artuq Arslan Malik Diyarbakr'. Rev. Legend in Kufic in three lines 'al-Imam al-Nasir / li-din Allah Amir / al-Mu'minin'; around, legend in Kufic 'sitta / wa sitta/mi'a; in outer margin, legend in Kufic 'al-Malik al-Adil Saif al-Din Abu Bakr ibn Ayyub duriba bi-Mardin sanah'. Spengler & Sayles 39. Ruslan K
Caracalla,_Anchialus,_agonistic_urns,_AE27.JPG
Anchialus, Happy wedding & agonistic urns10 viewsCaracalla Æ27 of Anchialus, Thrace. 202 AD. AVT M AVRÊLI ANTÔNEINOS, laureate head right / OVLPIANÔN AGSIA-LEÔN, table with two prize urns, SEBERA NYMFIA below. SNGCop 439, Moushmov 2856. Varbanov II 404). Issued for the Wedding (Nympheum) games honoring the marriage of Caracalla and Plautilla in 202 AD. ex areich, photo credit areichPodiceps
Hendin-1150.jpg
Ancient Judaea, Hasmonean Kingdom: Alexander Jannaeus (103-76 BCE) Æ Prutah (Hendin-1150)36 viewsObv: Paleo-Hebrew inscription (Yehonatan the King) among the rays of an eight-pointed star, all within a diadem.
Rev: Greek inscription BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY (of King Alexander) around an inverted anchor.
1 commentsSpongeBob
Hendin-1148.jpg
Ancient Judaea, Hasmonean Kingdom: Alexander Jannaeus (103-76 BCE) Æ Prutah, Jerusalem (Hendin 1148)11 viewsObv: 'Yehonatan the King' (Paleo-Hebrew), lily, within circular beaded border
Rev: [B]AΣIΛEΩ AΛE[ΞANΔPOY], inverted anchor within circle

From the Dr. Patrick Tan Collection
Quant.Geek
Hendin-1148(1).jpg
Ancient Judaea, Hasmonean Kingdom: Alexander Jannaeus (103-76 BCE) Æ Prutah, Jerusalem (Hendin 1148)9 viewsObv: 'Yehonatan the King' (Paleo-Hebrew), lily, within circular beaded border
Rev: [B]AΣIΛEΩ AΛE[ΞANΔPOY], inverted anchor within circle
Quant.Geek
Hendin-1137.jpg
Ancient Judaea, Hasmonean Kingdom: John Hyrcanus I (134-104 BCE) Æ Prutah, Jerusalem (Hendin 1137)15 viewsObv: Paleo-Hebrew in five lines within wreath
Rev: Double cornucopiae adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; no monogram
Quant.Geek
Andronicus_II_SBCV_2383_DOC_Cl__XXXII.JPG
Andronicus II, SBCV 2383, DOC Cl. XXXII (Thessalonica)15 viewsBrockage obverse
Facing figure of Emperor holding haloed cross and labarum, Paleologan monogram in upper left field
Thessalonica
AE trachy, 22mm, 1.58g
novacystis
Andronicus_III_DOC_Cl__XIX.JPG
Andronicus III, DOC Cl. XIX16 viewsPaleologos monogram
ΔMH ANΔP
Three quarter length figures of St. Demetrius and Andronicus holding staff surmounted by flour de lis
Thessalonica
AE assarion, 18mm, 0.93g
novacystis
SCBC-8013.jpg
Anglo-Gallic: Edward I (1252-1272) BI Denier au lion, Bordeaux (SCBC 8013; AGC 11 (6/j); Elias 13b)12 viewsObv: Leopard passant to left; double pellet stops in legend
Rev: Cross pattée; double pellet stops in legend
Quant.Geek
cleo.jpg
Antioch ad Orontes, Semi-Autonomous21 viewsAE23, 10.77g, 12h, Denomination A; Antioch: after 47 BC
Obv.: Laureate head of Zeus right; countermark of Cleopatra VII.
Rev.: ‭[‬A]NTIOΣEΩN‭ [‬ME]TPOΠOΛ[EΩΣ‭]; Zeus seated left, holding Nike and scepter, thunderbolt above.
Reference: Butcher 20, SNG Cop 80
Notes: The attribution of the countermark to Cleopatra is conjectural, but seems to jibe with the historical and numismatic evidence.
John Anthony
6Dsqo4PxjTZ3fo8FN7QceNQ95Bbmzw.jpg
Antioch c. 47 - 41 B.C. Cleopatra Countermark. AE 10 viewsAntioch c. 47 - 41 B.C., Roman Provincial Syria, Cleopatra Countermark. AE , SGCV 5855 - 5856; RPC 4218 ff., Coin and countermark F, Antioch mint, , c. 47 - 41 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right, countermarked; reverse “ANTIOCEWN THS MHTROPOLEWS”, Zeus enthroned left holding Nike and scepter. jimbomar
antioch_cleo.jpg
Antioch c. 47 - 41 B.C., Apollo or Cleopatra Countermark. AE 2438 viewsAntioch c. 47 - 41 B.C., Roman Provincial Syria, Apollo or Cleopatra Countermark. Bronze AE 24, SGCV 5855 - 5856; RPC 4218 ff., Coin and countermark F, Antioch mint, 11.012g, 23.7mm, 180o, c. 47 - 41 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right, countermarked; reverse “ANTIOCEWN THS MHTROPOLEWS”, Zeus enthroned left holding Nike and scepter, uncertain date in ex; brown patina. Ex FORVMPodiceps
antioch_cm.jpg
Antioch c. 47 - 41 B.C., Roman Provincial Syria, Apollo or Cleopatra Countermark. AE 2411 viewsAntioch c. 47 - 41 B.C., Roman Provincial Syria, Apollo or Cleopatra Countermark. Bronze AE 24, SGCV 5855 - 5856; RPC 4218 ff., coin and countermark VG, Antioch mint, 11.797g, 24.4mm, 0o, c. 47 - 41 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right, countermarked; reverse “ΑΝΤΙΟΧΕΩΝ ΤΗΣ ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΕΩΣ”, Zeus enthroned left holding Nike and scepter, uncertain date in ex; brown patina. RPC notes this countermark as "Head of Apollo" but it may be Cleopatra. The bun behind the head and the piece of hair dangling behind the neck are similar to portraits of Cleopatra on bronze coins from Chalkis and Cyprus and tetradrachms from Syria. Perhaps it was countermarked by the mint that struck the Cleopatra / Antony tetradrachms. Ex FORVMPodiceps
ppsectetORweb.jpg
Antioch, Revised Posthumous Philip, RPC 413655 viewsAntioch Mint, revised posthumous Philip, year = 19 (31/30 B.C.) AR, 26mm 14.39g, RPC 4136, Newell, no. 23
O: Diademed head of Philip Philadelphus, r.
R: BAEILEWE FILIPPOY EPIFANOYE FILADELFOY, Zeus, seated l., holding Nike and scepter
EX: THI
* "In the early fifties, the Romans revived the coinage of King Philip Philadelphus to be their coinage of Syria, copying his types (portrait of Philip/Zeus seated l.), though in a debased style. The coinage lasted from then until the reign of Augustus, and was discussed most recently by H.R. Baldus (in CRWLR, pp. 127-30, with earlier references for H. Scying, E. T. Newell, A. R. Bellinger and C. M. Kraay). The first issues were made with the monogram of Gabinius (57-55 BC), Crassus (54/53 BC) and Cassius (52/51 BC). There after the establishment of a Caesarian era at Antioch in 44/48 BC, their monogram was replaced by one standing for Antioch )or ‘autonomous’: see Wr. 21) and the coins were dated in the exergue by the years of this era. Year 3-12 and, then with a new style (see E. T. Newell, NC, 1919, pp. 69ff.; Baldus, p. 150, n. 14) 19-33 are known.
It may seem odd that the Romans chose the Tetradrachm of Philip (92-83 BC) to revive, rather than those of the last king, Antiochus XII; it is true that the last substantial issue of Seleucid tetradrachms was made by Philip, so that his would have comprised a most important proportion of the currency (so Newell, pp 80-4; M. J. Price ap. Baldus, op. cit., p. 127), but it is hard to see that this provides a sufficient reason, and it is possible that some other consideration might be relevant. While Antiochus (c. 69-65 BC) was away campaigning against the Arabs, the people of Antioch revolted and put forward, as king, Philip, the son of Philip Philadelphus. As the claims of Antiochus were rejected by Pompey when he formed the province, the Roman view may have been that Philip was the last legitimate Seleucid king, and, if so, his coins would naturally have been chosen as the prototype of the Roman coinage in Syria.
The Philips were interrupted from year 12 until year 19, and it seems that in this gap the tetradrachms of Cleopatra and Antony were produced. The evidence for their production at Antioch, however, does not seem sufficient, and they have been catalogued elsewhere, under ‘Uncertain of Syria’ (4094-6). It is certain, however, that a unique drachm portraying Antony was produced at Antioch during this period, as it bears the ethnic ANTIOXEWN MHTPOPOLEWS. See also addenda 4131A.
After the defeat of Antony, the coinage of posthumous Philip was revived in 31/30 BC, though it is not clear whether this represents a conscious decision to avoid putting Octavian’s portrait on the coinage, as happened in Asia and Egypt (similarly, the portrait does not appear on city bronzes of Syria before the last decade BC) or whether it is just the simple reinstatement of the previous type, after the new type of Antony and Cleopatra became unacceptable. At any rate the coinage continued until at least year 33 (= 17/16 BC). Current evidence does not permit us to be sure that it continued any later, to the year 36 (= 14/13 BC), as Newell thought, though this is not impossible."

RPC I, pp. 606-607
casata137ec
Antioches_VII_Euergetes_BM_52.jpg
Antioches VII Euergetes BMC 5225 viewsAntiochos VII Euergetes, Antioch on the Orontes, 138-129 BC, 17.77mm, 5.1g, BMC 52, SNG UK 1301.617-620, SC 2067.15; SGC 7098
OBV: Winged bust of Eros, right
REV: BASILEWS ANTIOXOY EUERGETOU, Headdress of Isis, Seleucid date ΠΡ = 180 SE = 133/2 BC
Son of Demetrius I. Reign 138 - 129 BC. Married Cleopatra Thea (may as well; everyone else had).
Hunted down Tryphon and made him commit suicide.
Romanorvm
antiochos_VII_leo.jpg
Antiochos VII, Euergetes; Lion/ club13 viewsSeleukid Kingdom, Antiochos VII, Euergetes (Sidetes), 138 - 129 B.C. Bronze AE 15, SNG Spaer 1906 ff. (various dates and symbols), F, 3.171g, 13.6mm, obverse lion head right; reverse “BASILEWS ANTIOCOU EUERGETOU”, club. Ex FORVMPodiceps
coinD_copy.jpg
Antiochos VIII & Cleopatra22 viewsAE 19, Antiochos VIII & Cleopatra, 123 BC, Obv: Radiate head of Antiochus right. Rev: Owl standing right, head facing on prostrate amphora / ΒΑΣΙΛΙΣΣΗΣ ΚΛΕΟΠΑΤΡΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΞΟΥ, IE in ex. , Seleukid date 190 (123 BC), XF. S 7139, B.M.C.4.87,10, SC 2263, Hoover HGC 9, 1189 (S).Molinari
Antiochos_VIII_GCV_7139.JPG
Antiochos VIII, Grypos (with Cleopatra Thea), 125 - 121 BC37 viewsObv: No legend, diademed, radiate head of Antiochos facing right.

Rev: BAΣIΛIΣΣHΣ / KΛEOΠATRAΣ on right, KAI / BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY on left, owl facing, perched on an overturned amphora, qp (Seleucid date 190 = 124 - 123 BC) below.

Æ 19, Antioch mint, 124 - 123 BC

6.2 grams, 17 x 19 mm, 0°

GCV II 7139, SNG Spear 2443
1 commentsSPQR Coins
coin614.jpg
Antiochos VIII. CSE323. Seleukid26 viewsAntiochos VIII. CSE323. Seleukid coin of about
120BC. Obv. diademed, radiate head of Antiochus right
Rev. right of eagle, BASILEOS ANTIOXOY,left of
eagle EPIPHANOY.Scepter or 'kerykeion' through the
eagle diagonally in two lines Coin #614
cars100
Antiochus_2b.jpg
Antiochus I (Soter) * Apollo, 280-261 BC68 views
Antiochus I * Apollo,* 280-261 BC
Æ hemidrachm (?)

Obv: Diademed head of Antiochus right
Rev: Apollo seated on omphalos (Delphi), holding arrow in right hand, leaning on strung bow with his left hand, left-facing.
BASILEOS to the right, [A]NTIOXOY to the left. Monograms to left and right, omitted by strike from the right, effaced by wear from the left.

Weight: ca. 4.0 grams
Die axis: 190 degs.

Patina: Quite lovely 'desert-patina.'

Sear, GCATV * (SG) Number 6866v (This example appears to be bronze, not silver: I have been unable to date to find any reference to an Æ variant of SG #6866).
BMC, 4.9, 10


This coin bears portrait of the middle-aged Antiochus I 'Soter,' from the time of his sole reign (280-261 BC.), following the death of his father, Seleukos I.
The reverse depicts Delphian Apollo holding a single arrow, as opposed to the two arrows as seen on the coins dating from his joint-reign with his father.

* Olympian

Tiathena
antiochus_VIII_owl.jpg
Antiochus VIII & Cleopatra Thea; owl, AE1814 viewsSeleucid Empire Cleopatra Thea and Antiochus VIII 125-121 B.C. 18mm, 5.3 g. Obverse: Radiate bust of Antiochus VIII right. Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΙΣΣΗΣ ΚΛΕΟΠΑΤΡΑΣ ΚAΙ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ, owl, wings closed, facing standing on sideways amphora. SNGCop 376, Sear GCV II: 7139. Podiceps
Antiochus_VIII.jpg
Antiochus VIII and Cleopatra Thea - AE3 viewsAntioch
123-122 BC
radiate head of Antiochus VIII right
facing owl standing on amphora
BAΣIΛIΣΣHΣ / KΛEOΠATPAΣ // KAI / BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY
ϘP
Houghton-Lorber II 2263
ex Lanz
Johny SYSEL
cleopatra.jpg
Antiochus VIII and Cleopatra Thea 125-121 B.C.21 viewsObv. Radiate head of Antiochos right
Rev. BASILISSHS KLEOPATRAS KAI BASILEWS ANTIOXOY, owl standing facing on amphora
Skyler
1__Scarab.jpg
ANTIQUITIES, Egypt, Scarab of Sesostris III, 1836 - 1818 B.C.70 views- Scarabée, Egypte Sesostris III, 1800 av.-JC. (Stéatite) 312
Amulette-sceau de 20 mm en forme de coléoptère, hiéroglyphes gravés sur l’abdomen : scarabée ….

Sesostris III was a Pharaoh of the 12th dynasty (which lasted from c.1938–c. 1756 B.C.) and during his reign he completely reshaped Egypt’s government and extended his dominion in Nubia, the land immediately south of Egypt.
Roger D2
136~0.JPG
Aquitaine, duché d'Aquitaine, Edouard I (1252-1307)4 viewsDenier, argent, 0,80 g, 19 mm, frappé à Bordeaux
Av./ + EDWARDVS REX, léopard passant à gauche sur une bande portant AGL, au-dessous un E oncial.
Rv./ + DVX AQVIT BVRD, croix cantonnée au 1 d’un E oncial.
Réfs : PA-2777
Gabalor
thasostdrachm.jpg
AR Tetradrachm of Thasos, Roman imitative 148 -80 BC42 viewsOBV: Head of Dionysos right wreathed with ivy leaves
REV :HPAKLEOYS SUTHPOS THASIUN (Hercules, Saviour of the Thasians); nude Heracles standing left holding club and lionskin; MH monogram to left
SNG Cop 1040, Dewing 1344, BMC 74 (Ref. Wildwinds)
These tet's were minted on Thasos off the coast of Thrace, and became an important international medium of exchange after Rome closed the Macedonian mints. The obverse celebrates the wine for which Thasos was renowned and the reverse may refer to a temple of Heracles. The type was widely copied among the Thracian tribes (imitatives) and the Celts (barbaric types).
According to Dr. Prokopov this coin is probably a Roman imitative, struck by Roman authorities between 148 and 80 BC, hence the fine classical style. The weight is right for the Rhodian standard. Holed and plugged.

Diameter ~30 mm, wt. 13.7 gm
daverino
AUGUSTUS_ARCH_Cistophorus.JPG
ARCH, AUGUSTUS, RIC I : 510.159 viewsAR Cistophorus (Cistophoric Tetradrachm = 3 denarii) of Pergamum. Struck 19 - 18 B.C.
Obverse: IMP•IX•TR•PO•V. Bare head of Augustus facing right.
Reverse: Triumphal arch surmounted by Augustus in facing triumphal quadriga; IMP IX TR POT V on architrave; S P R SIGNIS RECEPTIS in three lines within arch opening, standards at either side.
Diameter: 24 - 25mm | Weight: 11.7gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC I : 510 | BMC : 703 | RSC : 298

This coin commemorates Augustus' triumphant agreement with the Parthians in 20 B.C. under which they returned the legionary standards captured from Crassus who was defeated and killed at Carrhae thirty-three years earlier (53 B.C.). Augustus installed these standards in the Temple of Mars Ultor.
The reverse of the coin shows the triumphal arch which was awarded to Augustus on the occasion of his recovery of the standards. This was the second triumphal arch awarded to Augustus and, like the earlier arch which had been constructed in 29 BC to honour his victory over Cleopatra, this second arch, which archaeological evidence suggests may actually have incorporated the first arch, stood in close proximity to the Temple of Divus Julius at the southern entrance to the Roman Forum.
2 comments*Alex
Salzburg, Leonhard von Keutschach.jpg
Archbishopric Salzburg211 viewsArchbishopric Salzburg, Leonhard von Keutschach 1495 - 1519 Size/Weight: 19mm, 0.4g Denomination: one-sided 'Zweier' (1515), silver. Flat strike areas, very fine mitra, monasterial and family crest.dpaul7
ArgosWolf200.JPG
Argos, Argolis145 viewscirca 3rd century BC
AR Triobol (15mm, 2.25g)
O: Forepart of wolf left.
R: Large A, eagle standing right on thunderbolt beneath; IP-EΩ-NO-Σ (Hieronos, magistrate) in corners, all within shallow incuse square.
SNG Cop 42; BCD Peloponnesos 1177; SNG Delepierre 2273; Sear 2795v
ex Empire Coins

The origins of Argos are pre-Mycenaean, making it one of the most ancient cities in Greece.
Argos played a prominent role in The Iliad, being claimed by Hera as "one of the three cities dearest to Me". While they did supply ships and soldiers (including the hero Diomedes) for Agamemnon's war with Troy, Argos later remained neutral during the Graeco-Persian wars. And though ostensibly allied with Athens during her war with Sparta at the end of the 5th century BC, Argos was basically a non-participant.

Recent speculation dates this coin to the time of Cleopatra VII and may in fact have been issued by her. I remain skeptical, however it is an interesting theory.
5 commentsEnodia
Ariobarzanes.jpg
Ariobarzanes I Drachm32 viewsAR drachm. Asia Minor, Cappadocia. Ariobarzanes I Philorhomaios (95-63 BC). Rev. Athena; Basileos Ariobarzonou Philorhomaiou (in exergue) and regnal year, which seems to be 31.
Cf. Sear GCV 7302.
Tanit
aristotle.jpg
Aristotle, 384-322 B.C.28 viewsAristotle was born in Stagira in north Greece, the son of Nichomachus, the court physician to the Macedonian royal family. He was trained first in medicine, and then in 367 he was sent to Athens to study philosophy with Plato. He stayed at Plato's Academy until about 347. Though a brilliant pupil, Aristotle opposed some of Plato's teachings, and when Plato died, Aristotle was not appointed head of the Academy. After leaving Athens, Aristotle spent some time traveling, and possibly studying biology, in Asia Minor (now Turkey) and its islands. He returned to Macedonia in 338 to tutor Alexander the Great; after Alexander conquered Athens, Aristotle returned to Athens and set up a school of his own, known as the Lyceum. After Alexander's death, Athens rebelled against Macedonian rule, and Aristotle's political situation became precarious. To avoid being put to death, he fled to the island of Euboea, where he died in 322 B.C.

Aristotle is said to have written 150 philosophical treatises. The 30 that survive touch on an enormous range of philosophical problems, from biology and physics to morals to aesthetics to politics. Many, however, are thought to be "lecture notes" instead of complete, polished treatises, and a few may not be the work of Aristotle but of members of his school.

A full description of Aristotle's contributions to science and philosophy is beyond the scope of this gallgery. Suffice it to say that Aristotle became virtually lost to Western Civilization during the so-called "dark ages." In the later Middle Ages, Aristotle's work was rediscovered and enthusiastically adopted by medieval scholars. His followers called him Ille Philosophus (The Philosopher), or "the master of them that know," and many accepted every word of his writings -- or at least every word that did not contradict the Bible -- as eternal truth. Fused and reconciled with Christian doctrine into a philosophical system known as Scholasticism, Aristotelian philosophy became the official philosophy of the Roman Catholic Church. As a result, some scientific discoveries in the Middle Ages and Renaissance were criticized simply because they were not found in Aristotle. It is one of the ironies of the history of science that Aristotle's writings, which in many cases were based on first-hand observation, were used to impede observational science.

"Mine is the first step and therefore a small one, though worked out with much thought and hard labor. You, my readers or hearers of my lectures, if you think I have done as much as can fairly be expected of an initial start. . . will acknowledge what I have achieved and will pardon what I have left for others to accomplish," Aristotle.

See: http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/history/aristotle.html hosted by the University of California, Berkeley Museum of Paleontology.
Cleisthenes
Savoca_15th_28052017_800_X__resisze_Beatyl_with_Fillets.jpg
Athens New Style Tetradrachm 84/3 BC8 viewsObs : Athena Parthenos right in tri-form helmet
28 mm 16.47 gm Thompson issue 81 Thompson catalogue: Obs 1160 ? Rev: NEW
Rev : ΑΘΕ ethnic
Owl standing on overturned panathenaic amphora
on which month mark B control [] below
2 magistrates : KLEOPHANES EPITHETHES
RF symbol : Beatyl with Fillets
All surrounded by an olive wreath
cicerokid
BOTH_NEW_TRIP.jpg
Athens New Style Tetradrachm 113/2 BC7 viewsObs : Athena Parthenos right in tri-form helmet
29mm 16.73 gm Thompson issue 52
Thompson catalogue : Obs 680 : Rev NEW
Rev : ΑΘΕ ethnic
Owl standing on overturned panathenaic amphora
on which month mark M control ME below
3 magistrates : EUMAREIDES KLEOMEN PYRRI
RF symbol : Triptolemos in biga pulled by snakes
All within a surrounding olive wreath
cicerokid
Eleusis_AE.JPG
Athens, Attica142 viewsEleusinian Festival Coinage
340-335 BC
AE 16 (16mm, 3.65g)
O: Triptolemos seated left in winged chariot drawn by two serpents, holding grain ear in right hand.
R: Pig standing right on mystic staff; EΛEYΣI above, bucranium in ex.
SNG Cop 416; Sear 2586v

The Sons of Dysaules
The story of Triptolemus being charged with bringing agriculture to man has been well told. That of his brother Eubouleus perhaps less so.
Eubouleus was a swineherd whose pigs were lost when the Earth gaped open to swallow up Persephone.
Pigs were sacrificed during the Eleusinian Rites in a women’s mystery ritual known as the Thesmophoria. The piglets would be washed in the sea during the Procession and then brought back to the Sanctuary and ritually slaughtered.
It is interesting to note that in ancient Greek religion pigs were thought to be able to absorb miasma from humans, making this an even more appropriate offering.

"It is said, then, that when Demeter came to Argos she was received by Pelasgos into his home, and that Khrysanthis, knowing about the rape of Kore, related the story to her. Afterwards Trokhilos, the priest of the mysteries, fled, they say, from Argos because of the enmity of Agenor, came to Attika and married a woman of Eleusis, by whom he had two children Eubouleos and Triptolemos. That is the account given by the Argives."
~ Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 14. 3
8 commentsEnodia
Augustus_Actium.jpg
Augustus146 viewsAVGVSTVS DIVI F
bare head right

IMP X ACT
Apollo standing left, plectrum in right, lyre in left hand

15 - 13 B.C. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint
3.457g, 17.8mm, die axis 255o

RIC I 171a, BMCRE I 461, RSC I 144

Ex- Forum, ex-Ancient Imports, ex-McSorley Westchester Stamp Coin Show 4 April 1976

Commemorates the battle of Actium over Antony and Cleopatra
1 commentsJay GT4
63761q00.jpg
Augustus89 viewsRoman Imperatorial
Octavian Caesar
(Reign as ‘Augustus’ 1st Emperor of the Roman Empire 27 BC-14 AD)
(b. 63 BC, d. 14 AD)


Obverse: Bare head of Octavian facing right

Reverse: IMP CAESAR, Facing head of Octavian on ithyphallic boundary stone of Jupiter Terminus, winged thunderbolt below

Reverse refers to Octavian's reestablishment of boundaries in the east after the battle of Actium and review of the client kingdoms established by Mark Antony (in particular return of Roman territory from Cleopatra and her children)

Silver Denarius
Minted in Italy 30-29 BC




Translations:

Imperatorial=The Imperatorial period extends from the outbreak of civil war between Julius Caesar and Pompey in January 49 BC and ends early 27 BC when Caesar's adopted heir Octavian was given the title "Augustus" by the Senate, effectively making him the sole ruler of the entire Roman territory. 

IMP CAESAR=Imperator(Commander-in-Chief) Caesar(Octavian took Julius Caesar’s name after he was posthumously adopted by him in 44 BC)


Reference
RIC I 269a
2 commentsSphinx357
PtolemyREX.jpg
AUGUSTUS & PTOLEMY OF NUMIDIA AE semis176 viewsAVGVSTVS DIVI F
bare head of Augustus right

C LAETILIVS APALVS II V Q, REX PTOL (Ptolemy, King) within diadem

Carthago Nova, Spain, under sole 'duovir quinqunennales' C Laetilius Apalus.

18.5mm, 5.3g.
RPC 172.

Ex-Incitatus

Ptolemy of Numidia was the son of King Juba II of Numidia and Cleopatra Selene II. He was also the grandson of Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII on his mohter's side. He was named in honor of the memory of Cleopatra VII, the birthplace of his mother and the birthplace of her relatives. In choosing her son's name, Cleopatra Selene II created a distinct Greek-Egyptian tone and emphasized her role as the monarch who would continue the Ptolemaic dynasty. She by-passed the ancestral names of her husband. By naming her son Ptolemy instead of a Berber ancestral name, she offers an example rare in ancient history, especially in the case of a son who is the primary male heir, of reaching into the mother's family instead of the father's for a name. This emphasized the idea that his mother was the heiress of the Ptolemies and the leader of a Ptolemaic government in exile.

Through his parents he received Roman citizenship and was actually educated in Rome. Amazingly he grew up in the house of his maternal aunt, and Antony's daughter Antonia Minor, the youngest daughter of Mark Antony and the youngest niece of Augustus. Antonia was also a half-sister of Ptolemy's late mother, also a daughter of Mark Antony. Antonia Minor's mother was Octavia Minor, Mark Antony's fourth wife and the second sister of Octavian (later Augustus). Ptolemy lived in Rome until the age of 21, when he returned to the court of his aging father in Mauretania.

Ptolemy was a co-ruler with his father Juba II until Juba's death and was the last semi-autonomous ruler of Africa. On a visit to Rome in 40 AD he was seen by the Emperor Caligula in an amphitheather wearing a spectacular purpal cloak. A jealous Caligula had him murdered for his fashionable purple cloak.

Sold to Calgary Coin Feb 2017
2 commentsJay GT4
Augustus_Carteia_Tyche_and_Neptune.JPG
Augustus Carteia Tyche and Neptune71 viewsAugustus, Carteia Spain, AE Semis, 27 BC - 14 AD, 21.36mm, 7.2g, RPC I 122, Villaronga 71, Burgos 662,
OBV: CARTEIA, Turreted bust of Tyche right
REV: D D, Neptune standing left, foot on rock, holding dolphin and trident

The Latin colony of Carteia was founded in 171 B.C. In 27 B.C., when Augustus had become emperor, Hispania Ulterior was divided into Baetica (modern Andalusia) and Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura, and part of Castilla-León). Cantabria and Basque country were also added to Hispania Citerior.
3 commentsRomanorvm
normal_AUGUDU03-2~0.jpg
Augustus, RIC 158, medium bronze of 10 BC to AD 1068 viewsmedium bronze (dupondius ?) (12.6g, 25mm, 2h) Nemausus mint. Struck 10 BC - 10 AD.
Obv.: IMP DIVI F Agrippa laureate head left and Augustus laureate head right, back to back
Rev.: COL NEM crocodile chained to palm tree top bent to right, wreath at top.
RIC (Augustus) 158

COL NEM stands for COLONIA AVGVSTA NEMAVSVS (now the city of Nîmes, France), built by Augustus' army after their conquest and return from Egypt. The crocodile chained to the palm tree symbolizes the defeat of the Cleopatra and Marc Antony at Actium. This symbol is still used as the city's emblem in Nîmes today.
3 commentsCharles S
auglivprov2OR.jpg
Augustus, with Julia Augusta (Livia), RPC 246631 viewsIonia, Smyrna mint, Augustus, with Julia Augusta (Livia), struck circa 10 B.C. AE, 20mm 4.58g, Leontiskos Hippomedontos, magistrate, RPC 2466; SNG Copenhagen 1334
O: ΣEBAΣTΩI ZMYPNAIOI, Jugate heads right of Augustus, laureate, and Livia, draped
R: ΔIONIΣIOΣ KOΛΛYBAΣ, Aphrodite Stratonicis standing facing, holding scepter and Nike, leaning on column; to right, dove standing left
1 commentscasata137ec
RICI-171a-Lugdinum-Augustus-denarius-blk.jpg
Augustus/Actium - Denarius, RIC I, 171a24 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 15-13 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: AVGUSTUS DIVI F; Bare head r.

Reverse: Apollo Citharoedus in long drapery, stg. l., r. holding plectrum, l. lyre; IMP to l., X to r.; ACT in exergue.

Mint: Lugdunum
Weight: 3.88 gm.
Reference: RIC 171a (Lugdunum), BMC 461, RCV 1611, RSC 144
Provenance: Jonathan Kern, February 23, 1987.

This issue commemorates the victory over Antony and Cleopatra at the battle of Actium on 2 September, 31 BC.
Lovely toning, well centered and GVF.
3 commentsSteve B5
leopold i augsburg.jpg
AUSTRIA - Leopold I158 viewsAUSTRIA - Leopold I ("The Hogmouth" - 1655-1705) Kreuzer, 1695. Augsburg Mint - note odd mintmaster initials at bottom of reverse. KM #1381 (Old KM #5)dpaul7
LEOPOLD_I_BRIEG.jpg
AUSTRIA - LEOPOLD I134 viewsAUSTRIA - LEOPOLD I (1657-1705) (low grade) AR - 3 Kreuzer, Brieg Mint. Old KM#173.dpaul7
RIAugustusAsCounterM~0.JPG
AVG and TICAE on AUGUSTUS AS (25 BC)317 views(26mm - 10.8g). Obv: Bust right (CAESAR), countermarked "AVG" (AVGUSTUS) & "TICAE" (TIBERIUS CAESAR). Rev: Legend within wreath (AVGVSTVS). Minted in Ephesus. Reference for this coin is RIC 486. Augustus was adopted by Julius Caesar as heir. After the assassination of Caesar, Octavian and Mark Antony fought together and won the resulting Civil War. They shared the rule of the Roman Empire. Antony's alliance with Cleopatra provoked a split with Octavian that led to a new Civil War. At the Battle of Actium (31 BC) Antony was defeated and Octavian became the sole ruler of the Empire. He was declared "Augustus" and became the proto-type emperor of Rome.1 commentskerux
150.jpg
Axe, double-headed175 viewsPHRYGIA. Eumeneia. Agrippina Jr. Æ 17. A.D. 54-59 (?). Obv: AΓPI(ΠΠINA-ΣEBA)ΣTH. Draped bust right; Countermark behind. Rev: (BAΣΣAK)ΛEΩNOΣ-(EVMENEΩN). Kybele enthroned left, holding phiale in right hand streched out, left arm resting on drum. Ref: BMC 44-46; Sear GIC 536; RPC 3151. Axis: 360°. Weight: 2.80 g. Magistrate: Bassa Kleonos archierea. CM: Axe, double-headed, with serpent around the handle, in rectangular punch, c. 4 x 6 mm. Howgego 374 (11 pcs, 2 of which from Agrippina Jr.). Collection Automan.Automan
Azez.jpg
Azes I, Indo-Scythians, AE Tetradrachm. 57-12 BC40 views Obv. BASLIEWS BASILEWN MEGALOU AZOU, zebu (humped bull) standing right, Kh monogram to right
Rev. MAHARAJASA RAJARAJASA MAHATASA AYASA, in Karosthi, lion or leopard standing right (B in square) above
Skyler
Phocas-602-610-AD_AE-Follis_Om-FO---_Phocas_and_Leontinastg_faceing_M_ANNO_I_NIKO-B_SB---p-_Nicomedia_Q-001_6h_29,5mm_12,84g-s.jpg
B 010 Phocas (602-610 A.D.), SB 0657, -/NIKOB, AE-Follis (40 Nummia), Nicomedia, Year I, 88 viewsB 010 Phocas (602-610 A.D.), SB 0657, -/NIKOB, AE-Follis (40 Nummia), Nicomedia, Year I,
avers:- Om FO(CA INPER AV or similar) but instead of this have confused overstrucked text, Phocas on left, holding cross on globe and Leontia, nimbate, on right, holding sceptre topped by cross, standing, cross between their heads .
revers:- "m" ANNO/I, Large m, ANNO to left, cross above, regnal year (I) to right; (no letter below), mintmark NIKOB,
exergo: ANNO/I//NIKOB, diameter: 29,5mm, weight:12,84g, axis:6h,
mint:Nicomedia, date: 602? A.D., ref: Sear 0657, p-147; DOC 53b; MIBE 68
Q-001
quadrans
B_010_Phocas_and_Leontia__SB_675,_AD_602-610__AE_Half_Follis__Antioch__ON_FOCA_NEPE_AV,_XX,_ANNO,_Q-001,_6h,_15-16,5mm,_1,96g-s.jpg
B 010 Phocas and Leontia (602-610 A.D.), Antioch as Theopolis, SB 0675, -/Ћ, AE-Decanummium, Year 4, 124 viewsB 010 Phocas and Leontia (602-610 A.D.), Antioch as Theopolis, SB 0675, -/Ћ, AE-Decanummium, Year 4,
avers: (Dm POCA) NЄ PЄ AV (or similar), Phocas on left, holding cross on globe and Leontia on right, holding sceptre topped by cross, standing facing; cross between their heads.
reverse: Large X, between ANNO and the numerals representing the regnal year (4=II-I/I). Over Cross, mintmark below (Ћ).
exergue: ANNO/II-I/I//Ћ, diameter: 15,0-16,5mm, weight:1,96g, axis:6h,
mint: Antioch as Theopolis, date: 606? A.D., ref: Sear 0675, p-152, MIB 87.
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Leo_V_and_Constantine__813-820__AE_Follis_18mm,_Syracuse_mint__SB-1637_DOC-18_Q-001_6h_20mm_3,10gx-s.jpg
B 031 Leo V. (the Armenian) and Constantine (813-820 A.D.), SB 1637, AE-Follis, Syracuse, 229 viewsB 031 Leo V. (the Armenian) and Constantine (813-820 A.D.), SB 1637, AE-Follis, Syracuse,
avers:- LEOn, crowned facing bust of Leo, wearing loros, holding cross potent; Λ and cross to right.
revers:- COnST Crowned facing bust of Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding cross on globe, K-cross across fields..
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20mm, weight: 3,10g, axis: 6h,
mint: Syracuse, date: A.D., ref: SB 1637, DOC 18,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
B_036_Leo_VI__(the_Wise)_(886-912_A_D_),_AE-Follis,_LEON_bASILEVS_ROM_LEON_EN_QEO_BA_SILEVS_R_OMEON_SB_1729,_Constantinopolis_DOC-8_AD_Q-001_6h_25,5-26mm_6,08gx-s~0.jpg
B 036 Leo VI. the Wise (886-912 A.D.), SB 1729, AE-Follis, Constantinopolis, #1115 viewsB 036 Leo VI. the Wise (886-912 A.D.), SB 1729, AE-Follis, Constantinopolis, #1
avers: LEON bAS ILEVS ROM, Leo, crowned bust facing with short beard, wearing chlamys, holding akakia.
reverse: + / LEOn/ En QEO BA / SILEVS R / OMEON, legend in four lines.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 25,5-26mm, weight: 6,08g, axis: 6h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: A.D., ref: SB 1729,
Q-001
quadrans
B_036_Leo_VI__(the_Wise)_(886-912_A_D_),_AE-Follis,_LEON_bASILEVS_ROM_LEON_EN_QEO_BA_SILEVS_R_OMEON_SB_1729,_Constantinopolis_DOC-8_AD_Q-002_7h_26mm_7,45gx-s.jpg
B 036 Leo VI. the Wise (886-912 A.D.), SB 1729, AE-Follis, Constantinopolis, #299 viewsB 036 Leo VI. the Wise (886-912 A.D.), SB 1729, AE-Follis, Constantinopolis, #2
avers: LEON bAS ILEVS ROM, Leo, crowned bust facing with short beard, wearing chlamys, holding akakia.
revers: + / LEOn/ En QEO BA / SILEVS R / OMEON, legend in four lines.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 26mm, weight: 7,45g, axis: 7h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: A.D., ref: SB 1729,
Q-002
quadrans
B_036_Leo_VI__(the_Wise)_(886-912_A_D_),_AE-Follis,_LEON_bASILEVS_ROM_LEON_EN_QEO_BA_SILEVS_R_OMEON_SB_1729,_Constantinopolis_DOC-8_AD_Q-003_5h_23,5-26,5mm_6,67g-s.jpg
B 036 Leo VI. the Wise (886-912 A.D.), SB 1729, AE-Follis, Constantinopolis, #392 viewsB 036 Leo VI. the Wise (886-912 A.D.), SB 1729, AE-Follis, Constantinopolis, #3
avers: LEON bAS ILEVS ROM, Leo, crowned bust facing with short beard, wearing chlamys, holding akakia.
revers: + / LEOn/ En QEO BA / SILEVS R / OMEON, legend in four lines.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 23,5-26,5mm, weight: 6,67g, axis: 5h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: A.D., ref: SB 1729,
Q-003
quadrans
Menander_Soter_I.jpg
Bactrian/Indo Greek - Menander Soter (155-130 BCE)13 viewsSize/Metal: AR16; Weight: 2.29 grams; Mint: Unknown; Denomination: Drachm; Date: 155-130 BCE; Obverse: Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing crested helmet covered with pelt of scales and adorned with head of wing. Legend surrounds: (Greek: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ (BASILEOS SOTEROS MENANDROU). Reverse: Athena Alkidemos advancing left; shield decorated with aegis over left arm, hurling thunderbolt; monogram to right. Kharoshthi legend: MAHARAJA TRATARASA MENADRASA. References: Bopearachchi 16E; HGC #12, 193; SNG ANS 868-73; Sear GC #7597 (different monogram); Mitchiner #217f.museumguy
Mendander_Soter.jpg
Bactrian/Indo Greek - Menander Soter (155-130 BCE)21 viewsSize/Metal: AR17; Weight: 2.48 grams; Mint: Taxila; Denomination: Drachm; Date: 155-130 BCE; Obverse: Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing crested helmet covered with pelt of scales and adorned with head of wing. Legend surrounds: (Greek: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ (BASILEOS SOTEROS MENANDROU). Reverse: Athena Alkidemos advancing left; shield decorated with aegis over left arm, hurling thunderbolt; monogram to right. Kharoshthi legend: MAHARAJA TRATARASA MENADRASA. References: Bopearachchi 161; HGC #12, 193; SNG ANS 879-92; Sear GC #7597 (different monogram).museumguy
BADEN_1_KREUTZER.jpg
BADEN178 viewsBADEN - CU 1 Kreuzer, 1841. Obv.: Head of Grand Duke faces right. LEOPOLD GROSHERZOG VON BADEN. Rev.: Value and date in wreath. KM#203.dpaul7
Baktria_Pantaleon_SNG-ANS262.jpg
Baktria, Pantaleon14 viewsBaktria, Pantaleon. 185-180 BC. CU-NI Didrachm (7.91 gm) of Baktra. Draped bust of young Dionysios r., wreathed w/ ivy, thysos at shoulder. / Panther standing r., paw raised to touch vine. Monogram to l. nVF. SNG ANS 9 #262; Boperachchi Serie 4B; HGC 12 #104; Sear Greek 7563.Christian T
Bactria,_Agathokles_Nickel_Double_Unit_.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Agathokles I, ca. 185-170 BC, Copper-Nickel Dichalkon 15 viewsHead of Dionysos right, wearing ivy wreath, thyrsos over left shoulder
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΓAΘOKΛEOYΣ (of King Agathokles) Panther standing right with bell around neck, touching vine with raised paw, monogram ΦI to left

HGC 12, 94; Bopearachchi Series 5B; SNG ANS 9, 236; Mitchiner 147b (this coin illustrated); Sear GCV 7557 var.

(21 mm, 8.8 g, 12h).
Ancient Numismatic Enterprise; ex Duplicates of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.

Agathokles, Euthydemos II, and Pantaleon minted copper-nickel coins in the period ca. 185-170 BC, the first such alloy coins to be produced. Nickel was not used again in coin production until the 19th century. The nickel content in these coins is variable in the range 7.5% to 20.2%. It is probable that locally available, rich deposits of copper-nickel ore were mined and smelted to produce the coinage. The short period of time in which such coins were minted suggests that the source of nickel rich copper was rapidly depleted. The silver appearance of the coinage probably enhanced its perceived value at a time when the Euthydemid Dynasty was struggling for survival against the usurper Eukratides. It may have even been considered a substitute for silver at a time when the latter was in short supply due to the conflict with Eukratides.
n.igma
Bactria,_Agathokles_AE_19mm_Square__Unit_.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Agathokles I, ca. 185-170 BC, Æ Square Unit 14 viewsFemale Hindu deity Laksmi advancing left holding lotus, Rajane Agathukleyasa in Kharoshthi script.
BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΓAΘOKΛEOYΣ Lioness standing right, Greek inscription above and below.

SNG ANS 9, 246; Mitchiner 152; HGC 12, 98; Sear GCV 7558.

(18 x 19.5 mm, 11.6 g, 12h).
Ancient Imports.

This and the following Æ Square Unit of Pantaleon are amongst the first of the bilingual coins issued by the Graeco-Bactrian rulers south of the Hindu Kush.
n.igma
Bactria,_Apollodotos_AE_Unit_.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Apollodotos I, ca. 175-165 BC Æ Quadruple Unit27 viewsΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΠΟΛΛΟΔΟΤΟY ΣΩΤHPOΣ (of King Apollodotos Savior) Apollo standing facing holding bow and arrow.
Tripod on stand in dotted square border outside which Maharajas Apaladasta Iradasa (of King Apollodotos Savior) in Kharoshthi script (reverse image in photo above is inverted).

Mitchiner 209a; Bopearachchi 6A; SNG ANS 9, 346; HGC 12, 41; Sear GCV 7594.

(22 x 21 mm, 12h).
CNG e-Auction 162, 11 Apr. 2007, 134.

Apollodotos was a contemporary of the later Euthydemid rulers, Agathokles, Pantaleon and Antimachos. His Greek coinage is rare with only less than a dozen portrait tetradrachm specimens known. Almost all of his coinage adhered to south Indian traditions, with bi-lingual Greek and Kharoshthi legends and non-portrait types struck on square flans, either elephant and bull on his silver, or Apollo and tripod on the bronze. From this coinage, which comprises the only evidence for his reign, it appears that Apollodotos administered his territories south of the Hindu Kush. The imagery on Apollodotos’ coins breaks with the tradition of the Euthydemid dynasty, portraying seated Athena on the tetradrachms (in the style of the reverse of Lysimachos coinage) and a standing Apollo on AE issues, reminiscent of the Seleukid coinage. Eukratides may have retained him as a provincial ruler through the struggle for power.
1 commentsn.igma
Bactria,_Eukratides_I_Pedigree_Tetradrachm.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides I, ca. 171-145 BC, AR Tetradrachm 33 viewsΒΑΣΙΛΕYΣ MEΓAΣ EYKPATIΔHΣ Diademed and draped bust of a mature Eukratides right, wearing a crested helmet decorated with ear and horn of a bull.
HΛIOKΛIOΣ KAI ΛAOΔIKHΣ Co-joined busts facing right of Eukratides parents, Heliokles and Laodike, ΦΛΩ monogram to left.

Bopearachchi Series 15 A; SNG ANS 526-527; Mitchiner 182a; Qunduz 245-246; HGC 12, 133; Sear 7572.

(30 mm, 16.16 g, 12h).

Gorny & Mosch Giessener Munzhandlung Auction 126, October 2003, 1534.
The distinctive reddish black remnant patina of this coin is a characteristic of the silver coins from the Mir Zakah deposit. It is probably from this, the largest hoard of coins ever found, that the coin is derived.

This issue may have been inspired by the earlier “pedigree” coinage of Agathokles and Pantaleon, but equally likely given the many apparent anomalies associated with the issue, is that it was issued by the parents of Eukratides as statement of their position and prestige in Baktrian society. Heliokles’ bare head indicates that he was not a king, whereas the diadem on Laodike’s head suggests that she was of royal blood. Tarn identified her as a Seleukid princess, daughter of Seleukos II and sister of Antiochus III. On the other hand, Hollis in Laodike Mother of Eucratides of Baktria makes a plausible case that Laodike was the daughter of Antiochos III. Hollis argues that Eukratides was in this way connected to the Seleukid royal family and was perhaps facilitated by the latter in his endeavor to seize the Baktrian throne.

This coinage has a number of curious characteristics. The legend on this coin names Eukratides is in the nominative case, so that it serves to label his portrait rather than to identify him as the issuing authority of the coinage. The legend naming his parents, on the other hand, is in the genitive, normally used to indicate a filial relationship an argument supported by Hollis. However, it could also imply that Heliokles and Laodike had authorized the coinage. Both sides of the coin have defined filleted borders, unique in the coinage of Eukratides. All other issues bear only an obverse border around the image of the king. The fabric of these coins indicates that Heliokles and Laodike occupy the obverse, anvil struck side of the coin. Nevertheless, they are most frequently described in the opposite manner, in accord with the convention that the ruler occupies the obverse side of the coin.
1 commentsn.igma
Bactria,_Pantaleon_AE.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Pantaleon I, ca. 185-180 BC, Æ Square Unit 24 viewsFemale Hindu deity Laksmi advancing left holding lotus, Rajane Patalevasa in Kharoshthi script.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΠANTAΛEONT[OYΣ] Lioness standing right

SNG ANS 9, 265; Mitchiner 161; HGC 12, 105; Sear GCV 7564. Pushkalavati mint.

(22 x19 mm, 11.25 g, 12h).
Numismatic Fine Arts Dec. 1982, 254; ex-Superior Jun. 1978, 2387; ex- Bolender, Oct. 1946.

Pantaleon is inferred to have been a brother of Euthydemos II and Agathokles. Based on the numismatic evidence, he appears to have reigned for a brief period in co-regency with his other brother Agathokles and possibly his uncle Antimachos, following the death of Euthydemos II. His coinage is the rarest of the of the Euthydemid rulers, suggesting that he was quickly dispatched by the usurper Eukratides.
1 commentsn.igma
10291.jpg
Bardas Parsakoutenos, magistros and doux of Anatolikon. Lead seal c. AD 970-990 264 views10291|Bardas Parsakoutenos, magistros and doux of Anatolikon. Lead seal c. AD 970-990
Star with six rays ending in something resembling arrows; circular invocational legend + KE ROHΘEI TW CW ΔUΛW
+RAPΔ|MAΓICTP,|S ΔUΞ TWN| ANATOΛ’K|TWN OΠAT|O ΠAPCK’ in six lines
30mm; 16.24gram.

Before turning to the identification of the seal’s owner, there are a number of issues to be addressed about the reverse legend. Up to the fourth line, all is clear. A nominative legend listing Bardas’ dignity of magistros and his office of doux ton Anatolikon. The last line has his family name Pars(a)k(outenos). The fifth line, however, does not make sense. It might be an engraver’s error, repeating TWN of the third line and O ΠAP of the last line. This explanation, even though unelegant, has to do for now, unless an otherwise unknown office or command is meant.
The seal’s owner is probably the person named in Leon Diakonos (VII.1) as one of three brothers Parsakoutenos, who backed Bardas Phokas the younger during his rebellion of AD 970 against John I Tzimiskes. These brothers, Theodore, Bardas and Nikephoros took their name, according to Leon, “after the city of their birth, Parsakouta”, which is a village on the road between Nymphaion and Sardis in the Thrakesian theme (p. 162, n.4 of the English edition). Leon adds that the Parsakoutenoi were cousins of Bardas Phokas and that they held the rank of patrikios and adds that they ‘mustered troops with great zeal’. Skylitzes (291.13-14) adds that Theodore and Nikephoros were the sons of the patrikios Theodoulos Parsakoutenos, and were exarchs in Cappadocia (p. 162, n.3). The rebellion, however, was extinguished by the skilled general Bardas Skleros, and Bardas Phokas was temporarily imprisoned.
Leon Diakonos once again mentions Bardas Parsakoutenos in book X, chapter 7, during the revolt of Bardas Skleros. He is now called magistros, a higher rank than patrikios, which implies that his earlier allegience to a usurper had not frustrated his political career. In the late 970’s, Skleros conquered large parts of Asia and was threatening to blockade the Dardanelles, hindering merchants and grain transports to the capital. In the end, he was defeated by Bardas Phokas on 24th of March 979 and fled to Muslim territory. But before his final defeat on the battleground, according to Leon Diakonos, his fortress at Abydos was seized, his army destroyed, and fire was set to his fleet of triremes by an imperial fleet of fireships dispatched from the capital under the command of Bardas Parsakoutenos. The seal, listing Bardas’ dignity as magistros, not patrikios as attested in AD 970, might well be from this period.
1 commentsGert
Basal_I,_SBCV_1712.JPG
Basal I, SBCV 171220 views+LEOn bASIL S COnSt AVgg
Facing half length figure of Basil wearing loros and holding mappa, flanked by Leo and Constantine each wearing chlamys
+bASIL / COnStAn / t S LEOn En / ΘO bASILs / ROmEOn
Star below
AE folis, 27mm, 5.27g
novacystis
sb171329mm815g.jpg
Basil I, Leo VI and Constantine VII, AE Follis SB 171314 viewsObverse: LEON bASIL S CONST AVGG, Basil I, crowned and with short beard, in centre; Leo VI, crowned, no beard, on left and Constantine VII, crowned on right, all wearing chlamys, all half-length figures facing.
Reverse: bASIL-CONSTAN-T S LEON EN-ThO bASILS-ROMEON in five lines, with star or cross or nothing below
Date: 870-879 CE
Mint: Constantinople
Sear 1713 DOC 10
29mm, 8.15g
wileyc
Overstrike_B12.jpg
BCC B1227 viewsByzantine Period - Caesarea
Heraclius and H. Constantine
610-641CE AE Follis
Obv:Two figures standing facing.
Rev:Large M, Christogram above,
to left, ANNO, to right II/II, Below, ?
in exergue: [CON]
31x28.5mm. 11.63gm. Axis:210
SB 805
Undertype:Phocas and Leonitia?
602-610 CE SB 639?
v-drome
BCC_LR69_Leo_I_Monogram_.jpg
BCC LR697 viewsLate Roman
Leo I 457-474CE
Obv: Pearl-diademed,
[draped, and cuirassed] bust
right. Traces of inscription.
Rev: Greek Monogram of Leo I
within wreath (No. 5a var.).
Mint mark off-flan.
AE 10mm 0.75gm. Axis:180
Surface find, Caesarea M. 1970.
RIC X 719ff. Uncertain Mint
v-drome
Leontona_BCC_Ls16.jpg
BCC Ls1634 viewsLead Seal
Uncertain date, probably
Late Roman to Early Byzantine.
Obv: I[?]H / EAN / NU (John)
Rev: LEO / NTO / NA
Latin inscription.
20x18mm. 7.43gm. Axis:0
v-drome
LEOPOLD_II_5FR_1873.jpg
BELGIUM - Leopold II135 viewsBELGIUM - Leopold II (1865-1909) AR 5-Francs, 1873. KM #24.dpaul7
LEOPOLD_II_2FR_1909.jpg
BELGIUM - Leopold II68 viewsBELGIUM - Leopold II (1865-1909) AR 2-Francs, 1909. KM #59.dpaul7
BELG_LEOP_III_50FR.jpg
BELGIUM - Leopold III57 viewsBELGIUM - Leopold III (1934-1951) AR 50 Francs, 1939. KM #121.dpaul7
Benito.jpg
Benito Mussolini 20 Lira Medal62 viewsMVSSOLINI MCMXXVIII
Helmeted head of Mussolini left

ITALIA MEGLIO VIVERE VN GIORNO DA LEONE CHE CENTO ANNI DA PECORA
Lion, Fasces L20R left field, MCMXVIII (Top of Rods) MCMXXVIII AVI (Bottom of Rods)

Fantasy piece
16.24g
Jay GT4
Mudie Princess Charlotte.JPG
BHM 0940. Death of Princess Charlotte 1817. Mudie.164 viewsObv. Draped bust of Princess Charlotte with roses in her hair, three-quarters right HRH PRINCESS CHARLOTTE AUGUSTA
Rev. Britannia seated left weeping, British lion at her feet, urn and broken column behind DIED NOV VI MDCCCXVII in Ex: WEEP BRITAIN THOUGH HAS LOST THE EXPECTANCY AND ROSE OF THE FAIR STATE
BHM 940, Eimer 1097.
AE49 by T Webb & G Mills. Struck by Mudie, not part of his National Series.

The Princess was the only child of George Prince of Wales (later Prince Regent then George IV) and Caroline of Brunswick, born on 7th January 1796. She married Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg on 2nd May 1816 at Carlton House, but died in childbirth on 6th November the following year.
1 commentsLordBest
Welch_7__Napoleon_III___Eugenie.jpg
BHM 2561. Napoleon III & Eugenie at the London Guildhall.106 viewsObv: Conjoined busts of Emperor Napoleon III and Empress Eugénie NAPOLEON III ET EUGENIA GALLORUM IMPERATOR ET IMPERATRIX

Rev: Britannia introduces Gallia (France) to Londinia (City of London). CONCORDES SERVAT AMICITIA (Friendship keeps them on good terms)

Exergue: LONDINI RECEPTI 19. APR. 1855 Signed: B. WYON

AE76. Mintage: 350

Welch 7; BHM 194/2561; Eimer 178/1496; Page-Divo 134/233.

This medal commemorates the visit of the Emperor and Empress of France to London in april of 1855. This was one of my 'holy grail' medals, a medal I had been trying to purchase unsuccessfully on and off for seven years.
1 commentsLordBest
105034.jpg
BOEOTIA, Thebes171 viewsIn the late 6th century BC the Thebans were brought for the first time into hostile contact with the Athenians, who helped the small village of Plataea to maintain its independence against them, and in 506 repelled an inroad into Attica. The aversion to Athens best serves to explain the unpatriotic attitude which Thebes displayed during the Persian invasion of Greece (480–479 BC). Though a contingent of 700 was sent to Thermopylae and remained there with Leonidas until just before the last stand when they surrendered to the Persians[1], the governing aristocracy soon after joined King Xerxes I of Persia with great readiness and fought zealously on his behalf at the battle of Plataea in 479 BC. The victorious Greeks subsequently punished Thebes by depriving it of the presidency of the Boeotian League, and an attempt by the Spartans to expel it from the Delphic amphictyony was only frustrated by the intercession of Athens.

In 457 Sparta, needing a counterpoise against Athens in central Greece, reversed her policy and reinstated Thebes as the dominant power in Boeotia. The great citadel of Cadmea served this purpose well by holding out as a base of resistance when the Athenians overran and occupied the rest of the country (457–447). In the Peloponnesian War the Thebans, embittered by the support which Athens gave to the smaller Boeotian towns, and especially to Plataea, which they vainly attempted to reduce in 431, were firm allies of Sparta, which in turn helped them to besiege Plataea and allowed them to destroy the town after its capture in 427 BC. In 424 at the head of the Boeotian levy they inflicted a severe defeat upon an invading force of Athenians at the Battle of Delium, and for the first time displayed the effects of that firm military organization which eventually raised them to predominant power in Greece.

After the downfall of Athens at the end of the Peloponnesian War the Thebans, finding that Sparta intended to protect the states which they desired to annex, broke off the alliance. In 404 they had urged the complete destruction of Athens, yet in 403 they secretly supported the restoration of its democracy in order to find in it a counterpoise against Sparta. A few years later, influenced perhaps in part by Persian gold, they formed the nucleus of the league against Sparta. At the battles of Haliartus (395) and Coronea (394) they again proved their rising military capacity by standing their ground against the Spartans. The result of the war was especially disastrous to Thebes, as the general settlement of 387 stipulated the complete autonomy of all Greek towns and so withdrew the other Boeotians from its political control. Its power was further curtailed in 382, when a Spartan force occupied the citadel by a treacherous coup-de-main. Three years later the Spartan garrison was expelled, and a democratic constitution definitely set up in place of the traditional oligarchy. In the consequent wars with Sparta the Theban army, trained and led by Epaminondas and Pelopidas, proved itself the best in Greece. Some years of desultory fighting, in which Thebes established its control over all Boeotia, culminated in 371 in a remarkable victory over the pick of the Spartans at Leuctra. The winners were hailed throughout Greece as champions of the oppressed. They carried their arms into Peloponnesus and at the head of a large coalition permanently crippled the power of Sparta. Similar expeditions were sent to Thessaly and Macedon to regulate the affairs of those regions.

However the predominance of Thebes was short-lived; the states which she protected refused to subject themselves permanently to her control, and the renewed rivalry of Athens, which had joined with Thebes in 395 in a common fear of Sparta, but since 387 had endeavoured to maintain the balance of power against her ally, prevented the formation of a Theban empire. With the death of Epaminondas at Mantinea in 362 the city sank again to the position of a secondary power. In a war with the neighbouring state of Phocis (356–346) it could not even maintain its predominance in central Greece, and by inviting Philip II of Macedon to crush the Phocians it extended that monarch's power within dangerous proximity to its frontiers. A revulsion of feeling was completed in 338 by the orator Demosthenes, who persuaded Thebes to join Athens in a final attempt to bar Philip's advance upon Attica. The Theban contingent lost the decisive battle of Chaeronea and along with it every hope of reassuming control over Greece. Philip was content to deprive Thebes of her dominion over Boeotia; but an unsuccessful revolt in 335 against his son Alexander was punished by Macedon and other Greek states by the severe sacking of the city, except, according to tradition, the house of the poet Pindar.

BOEOTIA, Thebes. Circa 395-338 BC. AR Stater (21mm, 11.98 gm). Boeotian shield / Amphora; magistrate AM-FI. Hepworth, "The 4th Century BC Magistrate Coinage of the Boiotian Confederacy," in Nomismatika Xronika (1998), 2; BMC Central Greece -. Fine.

Ex-Cng eAuction 105, Lot: 34 225/200

2 commentsecoli
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BOHEMIA - LEOPOLD I (THE HOGMOUTH)262 viewsBOHEMIA 3 Kreutzer, 1697. AR. Leopold I Archduke of the Holy Roman Empire AD 1657-1705. Obv: LEOPOLDVS D G R IMPER S A - Laureate bust of Leopold right, cuirassed and draped. Rev.: GER HUN BO (GE) HEMIAE REX 1697 - Double headed Imperial Eagle. 24 mm, 1.31 g.
dpaul7
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Bonaparte I° Consul - 20 francs or An 12 A45 viewsAtelier de Paris (A)
BONAPARTE PREMIER CONSUL, tête nue a gauche
REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE, couronne de lauriers entourant 20 FRANCS en deux lignes. A l'exergue . coq . AN 12. . A .
Tranche inscrite DIEU PROTEGE LA FRANCE
6.44 gr
Ref : Le Franc VIII # 510/2
The revolution has ended, Bonaparte is soon becoming Napoleon I Empereur, as Octavian became Augustus (note the similarities on this portrait with those of Augustus on the "bull butting" denarii), but still unsure of what is going on. We see many contradictory messages for a laïque republic : a consul on obverse, a republic on reverse, a revolutionary calendar (An 12) and ... God save France on the edge...
Now you know why you find french people so romantic...
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Potator II
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Bramsen 0032. Passage du Saint-Bernard, 1800.301 viewsObv. Uniformed bust of Napoleon right BONAPARTE Ir. CONSUL DE LA REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE.
Rev. Napoleon on horseback, crossing the Alps, after the painting by David PASSAGE DU Gd. St. BERNARD LE XXV FLOREAL AN VIII

AE58. Montagny, after Andrieu.

Stained and slightly worn.

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Bramsen 0038. Bataille de Marengo, 1800.157 viewsObv. BONAPARTE PREMIER CONSUL DE LA REP. FRANÇE. Buste à gauche, en uniforme. BATAILLE DE MARENGO 25 ET 26 PRAIRIAL AN 8. Le tout entre deux branches laurier, formant couronne
Rev. LE PREMIER CONSUL COMMANDANT L'ARMÉE DE RÉSERVE EN PERSONNE: ENFANS RAPPELLEZ VOUS QUE MON HABITUDE EST DE COUCHER SUR LE CHAMP DE BATAILLE
50mm

Commemorates the Battle of Marengo, one of Napoleons greatest victories. 1800.
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Bramsen 0067. Column du Department du Rhone, 1800.117 viewsBramsen 0067. Column du Department du Rhone, 1800. – 6 views
Obv. From the trumpet of the winged victory hangs a banner AUX BRAVES DU DEP U RHONE
Rev. Text IN EACH DEPATMENT THERE WILL BE ERECTED A COLUMN TO THE MEMORY OF THE BRAVE MEN OF THE DEPARTMENT WHO DIED IN DEFENSE OF THE FATHERLAND AND OF LIBERTY -- DECREE OF 29 VENTOSE YEAR 8 OF THE REPUBLIC; CONSULS BONAPARTE, CAMBACERES, LEBRUN; MINISTER OF THE INTERIOR LU. BONAPARTE. In French.
33mm

Struck in 1800, rare.
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Bramsen 0107. Paix de Luneville, 1801.106 viewsObv. Bust of Bonaparte. On the base of the bust, the artist's name, ANDRIEU F.
Legend - BONAPARTE PREMIER CONSUL DE LA RÉPUBLIQUE FRANSE.
Rev. an elegant female figure emblematic of peace, she holds in her right hand, which is extended, an olive branch, in her left a cornucopia filled with fruit and wheat ears, her hair and costume is à la grecque, with a laurel wreath round the head.
Legend, PAIX DE LUNÉVILLE. On the ground whereon she stands, ANDRIEU F.
Exergue, LE XX. PLUVIOSE, AN IX.
42mm

Struck to commemorate the
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Bramsen 0280. La Venus de Medicis, 1803.154 viewsObv. Head of Napoleon.
Exergue, JEUFFROY FECIT 1803. DENON DIR. G.D. MUSÉE C. D. ARTS
Rev. the antique statue of the Venus de Medicis.
Legend, AUX ARTS LA VICTOIRE. L'AN IV DU CONSULAT DE BONAPARTE.

Depicts the Venus de Medici in the Louvre, and the occasion of Napoleons visit to the museum. The legend "Aux arts la victoire" is a reference to Napoleon's philosophy of "To the victors belong the spoils" . 1803.
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Bramsen 0310. Légion d'Honneur, 1804.486 viewsObv. Laureate head of Napoleon ANDRIEU F below.
Rev.the cross of the order, in the centre of which the eagle of France stands on the fulmen of Jove, encircled with a flat ring, on which the motto, HONNEUR . ET . PATRIE. is impressed. A wreath of the branches of oak and laurel, with their fruit, surrounds the cross behind AUSPICE NEAPOLEONE GALLIA RENOVATA. Exergue, DENON DIRT. JALEY FT.

The engraving is of the highest quality. Some scratches on the obverse, not particularly visible in hand. The scratches on the portrait itself do not penetrate the patination to bare metal.

Laskey's Narrative:
Napoleon having been elected First Consul for life, immediately marked his great event by instituting the order of the Legion of Honour, which, by joining personal decoration with pecuniary stipend, answered two purposes, that of reconciling the people of France to the restoration of artificial rank in society, and also or securing to Napoleon himself the personal attachment of all those connected with the institution; in short it was a cheap, but efficacious mode of giving bribes to all ranks both in military and civil life, and therefore likely to be attended with the best consequences to his own popularity.


On this occasion, Joseph Bonaparte, the Consul's brother, was made the grand officer of the order.

It was also decreed that the legion should be composed of fifteen cohorts, and a council of administration; that each cohort should consist of seven grand officers, twenty commandants, thirty officers, and 350 legionaries; and that the First Consul should always be the chief of the legion, and of the council of administration. The members were to be military men, who had distinguished themselves in the war, or citizens, who, by their knowledge, talents, and virtues, had contributed to establish or defend the republic.



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Bramsen 0453. Deputation des maires de Paris a Schoenbrunn, 1805.143 viewsObv. A winged, trumpet-blowing woman runs left, carrying a tablet behind her a pile of spoils of war. Signed in the left field, BRENET F, DE GERMANIS. // IMP VRBI SVAE.
Exergue: PRIMITIAE · BELLI · ARMA · ET · SIGNA · MILITARIA E · MANVBIIS · VERTINGENS CIVITATI · DONATA VI · ID · OCT · MDCCCV
Rev. On the right Napoleon and Murat in classical dress, at their feet a nymph with an urn, approaching from the left are two men, one offering a scroll PANNONIA · SVBACTA. // SCHOENBRUNN.
Exergue: AEDILES. PARIS. IMP. NEAPOLIONI. A. VICTORIA REDVCI IN. SVBVRBANO. CAESARVM GRATES. AGVUNT. PR. ID. DECEMBR. MDCCCV
68mm.

This medal was struck to commemorate the events following the Battle of Austerlitz in the First Austrian campaign, namely the fact that Austria was subdued and Vienna taken by French forces. 1805.
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Bramsen 0476. Josephine imperatrice et reine, 1805. 248 viewsObv. Draped and diademed bust of Josephine to the right JOSEPHINE IMP ET REINE

Bronzed lead 68mm. Uniface.

A lead cliche produced by the engraver Andrieu approximately dated to 1805-21. Original paper backing, missing glass bubble.
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Bramsen 0546. Entree a Berlin, 1806.209 viewsObv. Laureate bust right NAPOLEON IMP ET ROI
Rev. The Brandenburg Gate, in ex: L`EMPEREUR ENTRE A BERLIN LE XXVII OCTOBRE MDCCCVI. DENON Dt. * JALEY Ft.

Following the Battles of Jena and Auerstadt the Prussians fled in all directions, hotly pursued by the French. Berlin was abandoned to them and Napoleon entered in triumph. It was here that he issued the famous Berlin decree, banning British goods from his empire, declaring all products from British colonies subject to confiscation.
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Bramsen 0557. Arc de triomphe du Carrousel, 1806.174 viewsObv. Laureate bust right NAPOLEON EMP ET ROI
Rev. a triumphal arch, surmounted by a chariot, in which stands the Emperor drawn by four horses; on the pediment over the centre arch, a tablet with the inscription, NAPOLEON EMP ET ROI, &c. &c.; on each side of the tablet a bas relief: over the arches NAPOLEON . I . EMPEREUR DES FRANÇAIS ROI D'ITALIE, underneath bas reliefs.
Exergue, AUX ARMES MDCCCVI. BRENET F FONTAINE ARC. DENON D.

Commemorates the beginning of construction of the Arc de Triumphe, still visible in Paris today, in 1806.
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Bramsen 0631. Sejour a Osterode, 1807.166 viewsObv. Head of Napoleon laureated. Under the head, ANDRIEU F. DENON DIRT. Legend, NAPOLEON A OSTERODE.
Rev. the head of Fabius Cunctator. Legend, FABIUS CUNCTATOR. Under the head, or exergue, DENON DIRT.

Commemorates Napoleons rest at Osterode in 1807 and alludes to his military prowess with a comparison to the Roman military leader during the Second Punic War, Q. Maximus Fabius.
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Bramsen 0633. Friedland, Anniversaire de Marengo, 1807.140 viewsObv. Laureate head right. NAPOLEON EMP ET ROI
Rev. A winged female draped, representing History, recording on a marble tablet of oval form, the victory of 14th June, at Marengo and Friedland; on the tablet is inscribed, XIV JUIN MARINGO FRIEDLAND. On the right of the pillar, on which History rests the tablet, is an olive branch.
Exergue, BRENET F. DENON D

Struck to commemorate the Battle of Friedland which coincided with the anniversary of the Battle of Marengo . 1807.
1 commentsLordBest
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Bramsen 0868. Ouverture du canal de l'Ourcq, 1809. 119 viewsObv. Laureate head right NAPOLEON EMP ET ROI
Rev. Paris, allegorically represented as a female, sitting to the front, on the side of an antique vessel, the prow and rudder appears on each side of her; on her head a turretted crown; her right arm and hand is stretched out, a naked Naid is pouring water over it from an urn, on which is inscribed, URCA; on her left arm, she supports a cornucopia filled with fruit and wheat-ears; another Naid on the left, on one knee, is laving her left foot with water, which she also pours from an urn, on which is inscribed, SEQUANA.
Legend, ANDRIEU F. DENON D.
Exergue, VRCA PARISIOS DEDVCTA — XV AUGUSTI MDCCCIX.

Commemorates the the construction of the Ourcq canal in 1809.
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Bramsen 0952. Mariage a Paris avec Marie-Louise, 1810.270 viewsObv. The busts of the Emperor Napoleon laureated, and the Empress Marie Louisa crowned with a diadem. ANDRIEU. F. DENON D
Rev.Napoleon and Marie Louisa, full lengths, he habited in the Roman costume, with the imperial paludamentum clasped over his right shoulder; their right hands are joined, and with his left he embraces her shoulder, in the attitude of conducting her to the altar, on which burns the vestal flame: on the plinth of the altar, which is circular, is represented the bow and quiver of arrows of Cupid, crossed, with the torch of Hymen erect.
On the base, JOUANNIN F.
Legend, NAPOLEON EMP. ET ROI. M. LOUISE D'AUTRICHE.
Exergue, I AVRIL MDCCCX. DENON D

Struck to commemorate the wedding of Napoleon and Marie Louise of Austria in 1810
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Bramsen 1091. Le Roi de Rome, 1811.227 viewsObv. Profile busts of the Emperor Napoleon, and the Empress Maria Louisa; the head of the Emperor encircled with a wreath, that of the Empress is adorned with the imperial diadem as worn by the former Queens of France; under the head of Napoleon or exergue, the name of the artist and designer, ANDRIEU F. DENON D.
Rev. Bust of the infant son of Napoleon; on base of the bust, ANDRIEU F.
Legend, NAPOLEON FRANCOIS JOSEPH CHARLES ROI DE ROME.
Exergue, XX MARS MDCCCXI.

Struck to commemorate the birth of Napoleon II in 1811.
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Bramsen 1126. Bapteme du Roi de Rome, 1811.478 viewsObv. Laureate head of Napoleon left.
Rev. Napoleon, whole length, standing, his head encircled with a laurel wreath, full dress, richly embroidered, the imperial mantle over his shoulders; he is holding the infant with both hands in an elevated situation, as if about to plunge him in an elegant font below; on the top of the font is a Capenduncula, across which lies a branch of myrtle, also a small coffer or acerra, used for holding the incense, surmounted on the top with a cross; against the plinth of the font rests a large book ( the Bible ), on the cover of which a cross; behind the Emperor, on the right, a chair of state, the front ornamented with the initial letter N, within a laurel wreath ANDRIEU FECIT in Ex BAPTEME DU ROI DE ROME M.DCCCXI

AE68. Struck in 1814-15, the original 1811 strike had a different obverse.
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Bramsen ????. Mariage a Paris avec Marie-Louise, 1810. 234 viewsObv. Confronting busts of Napoleon I and Marie Louise. NAPOLEON GALL IMP ITALIIAE REX M LVDOVICIA FRANC AUST IMP FIL AA. HARNISCH
Rev. Turreted goddess insribing on shield supported by cupid, torches either side. FELICIBVS NVPTIIS. VOTA PVBLICA. VINDOB X1 MARTII MDCCCX
Silvered white metal 48mm

A beautiful medal struck to commemorate the marriage of Napoleon and Marie Louise of Austria in 1810. Struck at Vienna.
My very first Napoleonic medal. ex-HJB it was sold as a restrike but is in fact an original strike as the Vienna mint did not restrike these medals.
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Amphitheatre 1.jpg
Britain, Caerleon, Isca Silurum, Amphitheatre42 viewsThe Amphitheatre at Caerleon is the best preserved in Britain. Caerleon, (known as Isca Sulla to the Romans) was founded by Vespasian and was the headquarters for Legio II Augusta from about A.D. 75 to A.D. 300. Isca is still used today and has been mutated into Usk, which is the name of a town and river in the local area.maridvnvm
Amphitheatre 2.jpg
Britain, Caerleon, Isca Silurum, Amphitheatre32 viewsThe Amphitheatre at Caerleon is the best preserved in Britain. Caerleon, (known as Isca Sulla to the Romans) was founded by Vespasian and was the headquarters for Legio II Augusta from about A.D. 75 to A.D. 300. maridvnvm
Amphitheatre 5.jpg
Britain, Caerleon, Isca Silurum, Amphitheatre30 viewsThe Amphitheatre at Caerleon is the best preserved in Britain. Caerleon, (known as Isca Sulla to the Romans) was founded by Vespasian and was the headquarters for Legio II Augusta from about A.D. 75 to A.D. 300. maridvnvm
Amphitheatre 4.jpg
Britain, Caerleon, Isca Silurum, Amphitheatre33 viewsThe Amphitheatre at Caerleon is the best preserved in Britain. Caerleon, (known as Isca Sulla to the Romans) was founded by Vespasian and was the headquarters for Legio II Augusta from about A.D. 75 to A.D. 300. maridvnvm
Amphitheatre 3.jpg
Britain, Caerleon, Isca Silurum, Amphitheatre36 viewsThe Amphitheatre at Caerleon is the best preserved in Britain. Caerleon, (known as Isca Sulla to the Romans) was founded by Vespasian and was the headquarters for Legio II Augusta from about A.D. 75 to A.D. 300. maridvnvm
Victory Trophy Caerleon close.jpg
Britain, Caerleon, Isca Silurum, Artefact - Victory with Trophy (Close-up of Trophy)51 views1st Century A.D. Victory artefact displayed in Museum at Caerleon, the Roman City of Isca Silurum in South Wales.maridvnvm
Victory Trophy Caerleon 2.jpg
Britain, Caerleon, Isca Silurum, Artefact - Victory with Trophy (View 1)54 views1st Century A.D. Victory artefact displayed in Museum at Caerleon, the Roman City of Isca Silurum in South Wales. maridvnvm
Victory Trophy Caerleon 1.jpg
Britain, Caerleon, Isca Silurum, Artefact - Victory with Trophy (View 2)60 views1st Century A.D. Victory artefact displayed in Museum at Caerleon, the Roman City of Isca Silurum in South Wales. 2 commentsmaridvnvm
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Britain, Caerleon, Isca Silurum, Inscription to Gaius Valerius Victor - Standard Bearer67 viewsA plaque with inscription found at Caerleon. Caerleon, (known as Isca Sulla to the Romans) was founded by Vespasian and was the headquarters for Legio II Augusta from about A.D. 75 to A.D. 300.

D M
G VALERIVS G F
GALERIA VICTOR
LVGDVNI SIG LEG II AVG
STIP XVII ANNOR XLV CV
RAI AGENT ANNIO PERPETVO H

DIS MANIBVS
GAIVS VALERIVS GAI FILLVS
GALERIA (TRIBV) VICTOR
LVGDVNI SIGNIFER LEGIONIS II AVGVSTAE
STRIPENDIORVM XVII ANNORVM XLV CV-
RAIM AGENTE ANNIO PERPETVO HEREDE

"To the spirits of the departed; Gaius Valerius Victor, son of Gaius, of the Galerian voting tribe, from Lugdunum, standard-bearer of the Second Augustan Legion, of 17 years; service, Aged 45, set up under the charge of Annius Perpetuus, his heir."
maridvnvm
Decoration.jpg
Britain, Caerleon, Isca Silurum, Wall Section48 viewsA section of interior wall found at Caerleon and decorated to attempt to illustrate how it may have looked.

Caerleon, (known as Isca Sulla to the Romans) was founded by Vespasian and was the headquarters for Legio II Augusta from about A.D. 75 to A.D. 300.
maridvnvm
Venta Silurum Site Map.jpg
Britain, Caerwent, Venta Silurum, 01, Site Map107 viewsVenta Silurum (modern village of Caerwent, Wales, UK) was a Roman city founded sometime after A.D. 75. It lies on the Roman Road between Caerleon and Gloucester. It was the largest roman civilian settlement in Wales, covering some 44 acres and was created in an attempt to pacify the Silures tribe who had been battling with the Romand for some 25 years. It had an grid system design and whilst initially comprised of a scattered settlement of buildings it evolved and became enclosed c. A.D. 200. Further evolution occurred through to A.D. 350.
The site is now the modern village of Caerwent with many of the houses being build on top of the Roman remains.
maridvnvm
Venta Silurum Artist Impression.jpg
Britain, Caerwent, Venta Silurum, 02, Artistic Impression95 viewsVenta Silurum (modern village of Caerwent, Wales, UK) was a Roman city founded sometime after A.D. 75. It lies on the Roman Road between Caerleon and Gloucester. It was the largest roman civilian settlement in Wales, covering some 44 acres and was created in an attempt to pacify the Silures tribe who had been battling with the Romand for some 25 years. It had an grid system design and whilst initially comprised of a scattered settlement of buildings it evolved and became enclosed c. A.D. 200. Further evolution occurred through to A.D. 350.
The site is now the modern village of Caerwent with many of the houses being build on top of the Roman remains.
maridvnvm
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Bust right, in circular punch168 viewsPHRYGIA. Eumeneia. Agrippina Jr. Æ 16. A.D. 54-59 (?). Obv: AΓPIΠΠI(NA)-ΣE(BAΣ)TH. Draped bust right; Countermark before. Rev: BAΣΣAKΛEΩNOΣ-EVMENEΩN. Kybele enthroned left, holding phiale in right hand streched out, left arm resting on drum. Ref: BMC 44-46; Sear GIC 536; RPC 3151. Axis: 360° Weight: 3.34 g. Magistrate: Bassa Kleonos archierea. CM: Bust right, in circular punch, 5.5 mm.Howgego - (?). Collection Automan.Automan
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BYZANTINE EMPIRE - Leo VI94 viewsBYZANTINE EMPIRE - Leo VI (28 August AD 886 to 11 May AD 912) AE Follis. Obv: LEON bASILEVS ROMI - Facing bust wearing crown and robes. Rev: + LEON/ EheEObA/ SILEVS-R/ OMEOn. Constantinople mint. Sear Byzantine coins and their value, p. 331, 1729 , 6.78 g. 1 commentsdpaul7
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BYZANTINE EMPIRE - Leo VI 20 viewsBYZANTINE EMPIRE - Leo VI (886-912) AE of uncertain denomination. Obv.: Large λε Rev.: Cross floreate on 2 steps, pellets in fields left & right. Cherson Mint. Reference: Sear #1731.dpaul7
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BYZANTINE EMPIRE - LEO VI (THE WISE)80 viewsAE Follis - Leo VI (886-912). Constantinople Mint. Legend: LEON BASILEVS ROMI/LEON EhthEObA SILEVS ROMEON1 commentsdpaul7
Constans_II_Gold_solidus.jpg
Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.45 viewsGold solidus, DOC II-2 Heraclonas 1c (not in the coll., refs. T.), Hahn MIB 3a, Tolstoi 13, Sommer 12.1, SBCV 936, Wroth BMC -, Morrison BnF -; Ratto -, VF, well centered, double strike, some legend weak, light scratches and bumps, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, weight 4.479g, maximum diameter 20.6mm, die axis 180o, Sep 641 - 642/644 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINYS P P AVG, crowned and cuirassed beardless bust facing, small head, wearing chlamys, crown ornamented with cross on circlet, globus cruciger in right hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGY H, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue.

FORVM / The Sam Mansourati Collection.

In 641, when Heraclius died, he was succeeded by his sons Constantine III and Heracleonas. When Constantine III died after only a few months, the Byzantine people suspected that Heracleonas had poisoned him. Heracleonas was deposed, mutilated and banished. Constans II, the son of Constantine III, became emperor. This type is attributed to Heraclonas in DOC II-2 and Morrison BnF but today it is accepted as the first issue of Constantine II.
5 commentsSam
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Byzantine Empire, Leo VI, AD 886-9127 viewsAE follis, 7.1g, 26mm, 6h; Constantinople mint.
Obv.: +LEON bASILEVS ROM; crowned bust facing with short beard, wearing chlamys, holding akakia.
Rev.: +LEON / EN QEO bA / SILEVS R / OMEON
Reference: SB 1729.
Notes: eBay, 10/18/15, wu
John Anthony
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1294-1320) Æ Assarion, Constantinople (Sear-2436; DOC class X, 681-2; PCPC 169)8 viewsObv: IC XC in field. Bust of Christ, beardless and nimbate. Legend inside two borders;
Rev: Three-quarter length figure of Andronicus II, bearded on left and of Michael IX, beardless on right, wearing stemma, divistion, and loros; between them patriarchal cross on long shaft. Both emperors place free hands upon chest.

ex Prue Morgan Fitts Collection; ex Leonard O. Greenfield Collection
Quant.Geek
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Byzantine Empire: Basil I the Macedonian (867-886) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear-1712; DOC-11)24 viewsObv: Crowned facing half-length figures of Basil, wearing loros and holding akakia, flanked by Leo and Constantine, each wearing chlamys
Rev: + ЬASIL / COҺSTAҺ / T S LЄOҺ ЄҺ / ΘO ЬASILS / ROMЄOҺ in five lines; ✷ below
SpongeBob
Sear-1569A.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Constantine V (741-775) AE Follis, Syracuse Mint (Sear-1569; DOC 19)32 viewsObv: Two half-length figures facing, Constantine V, bearded to left, and Leo IV, beardless to right, each wearing crown with cross, holding in right hand akakia; between heads, cross. To left K, Λ/Є/O/N to right
Rev: Half length figure of Leo III facing, bearded, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, holding in right hand, cross potent on base; Λ/Є/O/N to left, Δ/Є/C/Π to right
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Sear-1569B.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Constantine V (741-775) AE Follis, Syracuse Mint (Sear-1569; DOC 19)30 viewsObv: Two half-length figures facing, Constantine V, bearded to left, and Leo IV, beardless to right, each wearing crown with cross, holding in right hand akakia; between heads, cross. To left K, Λ/Є/O/N to right
Rev: Half length figure of Leo III facing, bearded, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, holding in right hand, cross potent on base; Λ/Є/O/N to left, Δ/Є/C/Π to right
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Sear-1569c.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Constantine V (741-775) AE Follis, Syracuse Mint (Sear-1569; DOC 19)19 viewsObv: Two half-length figures facing, Constantine V, bearded to left, and Leo IV, beardless to right, each wearing crown with cross, holding in right hand akakia; between heads, cross. To left K, Λ/Є/O/N to right
Rev: Half length figure of Leo III facing, bearded, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, holding in right hand, cross potent on base; Λ/Є/O/N to left, Δ/Є/C/Π to right
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Sear-1556.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Constantine V Copronymus (741-775 CE) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1556; DOC 11)16 viewsObv: Crowned and draped facing busts of Constantine V and Leo IV; cross above
Rev: Crowned facing bust of Leo III, wearing loros and holding cross potent, set on horizontal bar; cross to right; below bar, large M between X-N; A below M
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Sear-1557.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Constantine V Copronymus (741-775 CE) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1557; DOC 13)11 viewsObv: Constantine and Leo seated facing on lyre-backed throne; Constantine on left, Leo IV on right, beardless; Each wears chlamys and crown with cross, and rests right hand (holding akakia?) on lap; Between heads, cross
Rev: Bust of Leo III facing, bearded, wearing loros and crown with cross, holding in right hand, inwards, cross potent on base, all above a horizontal line ornamented at each end with little globes; Below, M with X to left, N to right, and A beneath; In upper field right, cross
Dim: 19 mm, 2.61 g
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Sear-1568.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Constantine V Copronymus (741-775) Æ Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1568; DOC 18; Anastasi 421)18 viewsObv: Three-quarter length figure of Constantine V, bearded, facing, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, holding in right hand, akakia
Rev: Same type as obverse, but with Leo IV, beardless
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Sear-1596.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Constantine VI & Irene (780-797) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1596; DOC III.6)12 viewsObv: Crowned facing busts of Constantine VI and Irene, holding globus cruciger and cruciform scepter, respectively; cross above
Rev: Crowned facing busts of Constantine V, Leo III and Leo IV surmounting horizontal bar above large M; X and N flanking M, A below
Dim: 20mm, 2.36 g
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Sear-1516(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo III the Isaurian (717-741) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1516; DOC 39)20 viewsObv: LЄON S CON; Two busts facing, Leo on left, bearded, and Constantine, usually slightly smaller, on right. Each wears chlamys with conspicuous tablion and crown with cross, and holds akaka in right
Rev: Large M; X/X/X - N/N/N across field, cross above, A below
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Sear-1516.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo III the Isaurian (717-741) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1516; DOC 39)15 viewsObv: LЄON S CON; Two busts facing, Leo on left, bearded, and Constantine, usually slightly smaller, on right. Each wears chlamys with conspicuous tablion and crown with cross, and holds akaka in right
Rev: Large M; X/X/X - N/N/N across field, cross above, B below
Dim: 25 mm, 3.37 g
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Sear-1516(2).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo III the Isaurian (717-741) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1516; DOC 39)17 viewsObv: LЄON S CON; Two busts facing, Leo on left, bearded, and Constantine, usually slightly smaller, on right. Each wears chlamys with conspicuous tablion and crown with cross, and holds akaka in right
Rev: Large M; X/X/X - N/N/N across field, cross above, A below
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Sear-1531.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo III the Isaurian (717-741) Æ Follis, Syracuse (Sear 1531; DOC 55; Anastasi 414)19 viewsObv: Λ/Є/O/N to left, Δ/Є/C/Π to right; Leo standing facing, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding akakia
Rev: K/Ш/N/C to left, Δ/Є/C/Π to right; Constantine standing facing, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding akakia
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Sear-1586.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo IV the Khazar (775-780) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1586; DOC 4)22 viewsObv: Crowned facing busts of Leo IV and Constantine VI, each wearing chlamys; cross in field above
Rev: Crowned facing busts of Leo III and Constantine V each wearing loros, set on horizontal bar; B A across field; below, M above A, flanked by X and N
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Sear-1586(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo IV the Khazar (775-780) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1586; DOC 4)20 viewsObv: Crowned facing busts of Leo IV and Constantine VI, each wearing chlamys; cross in field above
Rev: Crowned facing busts of Leo III and Constantine V each wearing loros, set on horizontal bar; B A across field; below, M above A, flanked by X and N
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Sear-1587.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo IV the Khazar (775-780) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1587; DOC 6.5-6.6)17 viewsObv: Leo IV and Constantine VI, both wearing crown and chlamys, seated facing on a double throne with curved arms; cross in field above
Rev: Crowned facing busts of Leo III and Constantine V, both wearing loros, set on horizontal bar; cross in field above, two pellets to left, three pellets to right; below, MA, flanked by X and N
Dim: 24 mm, 4.61 g, 6 h
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Sear-1590.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo IV the Khazar (775-780) Æ Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1590)11 viewsObv: Crowned facing busts of Leo IV and Constantine VI, each wearing chlamys; cross in field above
Rev: Crowned facing busts of Leo III and Constantine V each wearing loros, set on horizontal bar; CIK' in exergue
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Sear-1628.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo V the Armenian (813-820) AR Miliaresion, Constantinople (Sear 1628; DOC 4)22 viewsObv: IҺSЧS XRISTЧS ҺICA; Cross potent on three steps
Rev: LЄOҺ / S COҺSTAҺ/TIҺЄ Є CΘЄЧ/ ЬASILIS RO/mAIOҺ in five lines
Dim: 2.13 g
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Sear-1630(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo V the Armenian (813-820) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1630; DOC 7)28 viewsObv: LЄOҺ S C-OҺSC; Crowned facing busts of Leo and Constantine, each wearing chlamys
Rev: Large M; cross above, X/X/X to left, N/N/N to right, A below
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Sear-1630.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo V the Armenian (813-820) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1630; DOC 7)38 viewsObv: LЄOҺ S C-OҺSC; Crowned facing busts of Leo and Constantine, each wearing chlamys
Rev: Large M; cross above, X/X/X to left, N/N/N to right, A below
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Sear-1630(2).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo V the Armenian (813-820) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1630; DOC 7)11 viewsObv: LЄOҺ S C-OҺSC; Crowned facing busts of Leo and Constantine, each wearing chlamys
Rev: Large M; cross above, X/X/X to left, N/N/N to right, A below
Dim: 21 mm, 4.83 g, 6h
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Sear-1635.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo V the Armenian (813-820) Æ Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1635; DOC 19a; Anastasi 497)17 viewsObv: Crowned half-length busts of Leo and Constantine facing, each wearing crown and chlamys; cross above
Rev: Large Λ K; cross above
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Sear-1636.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo V the Armenian (813-820) Æ Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1636; DOC 17; Berk-887)16 viewsObv: [Λ] - E/O Facing bust of Leo, with short beard, wearing crown and loros, and holding cross potent; in right field, star
Rev: [K] - ONST Facing bust of Constantine, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globus cruciger; C - I on either side of head
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Sear-1636a.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo V the Armenian (813-820) Æ Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1636; DOC 17; Berk-887)13 viewsObv: [Λ] - E/O Facing bust of Leo, with short beard, wearing crown and loros, and holding cross potent; in right field, star
Rev: [K] - ONST Facing bust of Constantine, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globus cruciger; C - I on either side of head
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Sear-1636c.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo V the Armenian (813-820) Æ Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1636; DOC 17; Berk-887)12 viewsObv: [Λ] - E/O Facing bust of Leo, with short beard, wearing crown and loros, and holding cross potent; in right field, star
Rev: [K] - ONST Facing bust of Constantine, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globus cruciger; C - I on either side of head
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Sear-1637.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo V the Armenian (813-820) Æ Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1637; DOC 18; Anastasi 493)30 viewsObv: Crowned facing bust of Leo, wearing loros, holding cross potent; Λ and cross to right
Rev: Crowned facing bust of Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger; K to left, cross to right
SpongeBob
Sear-1730.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo VI the Wise (886-912) Follis, Constantinople (Sear-1730)55 viewsObv: Leo VI and Alexander, each crowned and wearing loros, seated facing on double throne, holding labarum between them. Legend around - + LEOn S ALEXAnGROS.
Rev: Legend in four lines - + LEOn S ALEXAnGROS bASIL' ROmEOn
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Sear-1730(2).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo VI the Wise (886-912) Follis, Constantinople (Sear-1730)8 viewsObv: Leo VI and Alexander, each crowned and wearing loros, seated facing on double throne, holding labarum between them. Legend around - + LEOn S ALEXAnGROS.
Rev: Legend in four lines - + LEOn S ALEXAnGROS bASIL' ROmEOn
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Sear-1730(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo VI the Wise (886-912) Follis, Constantinople (Sear-1730; DOC 6)11 viewsObv: Leo VI and Alexander, each crowned and wearing loros, seated facing on double throne, holding labarum between them. Legend around - + LEOn S ALEXAnGROS.
Rev: Legend in four lines - + LEOn S ALEXAnGROS bASIL' ROmEOn

ex Prue Morgan Fitts Collection; ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 355, 15 July 2015, Lot 701
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107586LG.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo VI the Wise (886-912) PB Medal (Unpublished?)15 viewsObv: Nimbate bust of the Virgin facing, holding globus cruciger
Rev: + LЄOh/ЄҺ ΘЄO SM/SILЄV R/OMЄOҺ in four lines
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Sear-1731.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo VI the Wise (886-912) Æ Follis, Cherson (Sear-1731; DOC 9)28 viewsObv: Large ΛЄ
Rev: Cross crosslet set on two steps; • to either side
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Sear-1729.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo VI the Wise (886-912) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1729; DOC 8)17 viewsObv: +LЄOҺ ЬAS-ILЄVS ROM'; Bust of Leo VI with short beard, facing, wearing chlamys and crown with cross; on right shoulder, roundel with central pellet; holding akakia in left hand
Rev: +LЄOҺ / ЄҺ ΘЄO ЬA / SILЄVS R / OMЄOҺ
SpongeBob
Sear-1729(2).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo VI the Wise (886-912) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1729; DOC 8)19 viewsObv: +LЄOҺ ЬA-S-ILЄVS R-OM'; Bust of Leo VI with short beard, facing, wearing chlamys and crown with cross; on right shoulder, roundel with central pellet; holding akakia in left hand
Rev: +LЄOҺ / ЄҺ ΘЄO ЬA / SILЄVS R / OMЄOҺ
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Sear-1729(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo VI the Wise (886-912) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1729; DOC 8)29 viewsObv: +LЄOҺ ЬAS-ILЄVS ROM'; Bust of Leo VI with short beard, facing, wearing chlamys and crown with cross; on right shoulder, roundel with central pellet; holding akakia in left hand
Rev: +LЄOҺ / ЄҺ ΘЄO ЬA / SILЄVS R / OMЄOҺ
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Sear-1729(3).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo VI the Wise (886-912) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1729; DOC 8)7 viewsObv: +LЄOҺ ЬAS-ILЄVS ROM'; Bust of Leo VI with short beard, facing, wearing chlamys and crown with cross; on right shoulder, roundel with central pellet; holding akakia in left hand
Rev: +LЄOҺ / ЄҺ ΘЄO ЬA / SILЄVS R / OMЄOҺ
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Sear-1729(4).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo VI the Wise (886-912) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1729; DOC 8)7 viewsObv: +LЄOҺ ЬAS-ILЄVS ROM'; Bust of Leo VI with short beard, facing, wearing chlamys and crown with cross; on right shoulder, roundel with central pellet; holding akakia in left hand
Rev: +LЄOҺ / ЄҺ ΘЄO ЬA / SILЄVS R / OMЄOҺ
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Sear-1729(5).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo VI the Wise (886-912) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1729; DOC 8)6 viewsObv: +LЄOҺ ЬAS-ILЄVS ROM'; Bust of Leo VI with short beard, facing, wearing chlamys and crown with cross; on right shoulder, roundel with central pellet; holding akakia in left hand
Rev: +LЄOҺ / ЄҺ ΘЄO ЬA / SILЄVS R / OMЄOҺ
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Sear-1729(6).JPG
Byzantine Empire: Leo VI the Wise (886-912) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1729; DOC 8)12 viewsObv: +LЄOҺ ЬAS-ILЄVS ROM'; Bust of Leo VI with short beard, facing, wearing chlamys and crown with cross; on right shoulder, roundel with central pellet; holding akakia in left hand
Rev: +LЄOҺ / ЄҺ ΘЄO ЬA / SILЄVS R / OMЄOҺ
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Sear-1729(7).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo VI the Wise (886-912) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1729; DOC 8)11 viewsObv: +LЄOҺ ЬAS-ILЄVS ROM'; Bust of Leo VI with short beard, facing, wearing chlamys and crown with cross; on right shoulder, roundel with central pellet; holding akakia in left hand
Rev: +LЄOҺ / ЄҺ ΘЄO ЬA / SILЄVS R / OMЄOҺ
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Sear-1728.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leo VI the Wise (886-912) Æ Follis, Constantinople (Sear-1728; DOC 5)27 viewsObv: Leo VI, with short beard, seated facing on lyre-backed throne, wearing modified loros and crown with cross. In right hand, labarum, left resets on lap; +LЄOҺЬA S ILЄVSR OM' ✶ around
Rev: +LЄOҺ / ЄҺΘЄOЬA / SILЄVSR / OMЄOҺ in four lines
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Sear-1344.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leontius (695-698) Æ Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1344; DOC-18; Anastasi-295)36 viewsObv: Leontius standing facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding akakia and globus cruciger
Rev: Large M; monogram above; SCL below
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Sear-1335.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Leontius (695-698) Æ Half Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1335; DOC 9; MIB 33)1 viewsObv: Crowned facing bust of Leontius, holding globus cruciger; cross to right
Rev: Large K; cross above, A/N/NO and A across fields, Γ below
Dim: 20mm, 2.49g
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Sear-675.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Phocas (602-610) Decanummium, Antioch (Sear-675)29 viewsObv: d N FOCA NE PE AV. Phocas (left) and Leontia (right) standing facing; the emperor holds globe cruciger, the empress holds cruciform sceptre; between their heads, cross.
Rev: Large X between ANNO - II; cross above; beneath, P.
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Sear-661.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Phocas (602-610) Æ Half Follis, Nicomedia (Sear-661; DOC 61; MIBE 71)8 viewsObv: Phocas, holding globus cruciger, and Leontia, holding cruciform scepter, standing facing; cross above
Rev: Large XX; cross above; NIKOB in exergue
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133~0.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II and Michael IX 1295-1320 Uncertain Mint45 viewsObv: Palaeologan Monogram
Rev: Emperors Holding Labarum Between Them
21 x 24mm, 1.36g

This coin is unpublished in Sear, LPC, and PCPC. Ross Glanfield has written about this type on his excellent website:
http://www.glebecoins.net/paleos/Data/
Unlisted_Palaeologans/unlisted_palaeologans.html
Laetvs
john_v_eigth_stavraton.jpg
BYZANTINE, John V Palaeologus, AR 1/8th stavraton, 1341-1391 AD.63 viewsJean V Paléologue (1341-1391), AR 1/8 de stavraton, 1367-1376, Constantinople.
Obv: D/B. du Christ de f. entre deux points.
Rev: R/B. de l'empereur de f. entre deux points.
Sear 2512; D.O. 1244; PCPC 307 (sigle 5). 1,02g. Rare
Jean Elsen auc 125 lot 933.
chance v
john7_half_stav.jpg
BYZANTINE, John VII Palaeologus, AR 1/2 stavraton, 1399-1402 AD.66 viewsJean VII Paléologue, régent pour Manuel II (1399-1403), AR 1/2 stavraton, Constantinople.
Obv: D/B. du Christ de f., entre IC-XC. Sur le tour, quatorze globules et C-?. R.
Rev: I?ANIC BACI??VC [######] B. de l'empereur nimbé de f., entre deux points.
Sear 2562; D.O. 1334; PCPC 346 (sigle 8). 3,01g. Rare
Jean Elsen auc 125 lot 945
chance v
john8_eighth_stav.jpg
BYZANTINE, John VIII Palaeologus, AR 1/8th stavraton, 1421-1448 AD62 viewsJean VIII Paléologue (1421-1448), AR 1/8 de stavraton (1/16 hyperpère), Constantinople.
Obv: D/B. du Christ nimbé de f. entre IC-XC. A d., trois points.
Rev: R/B. de l'empereur nimbé de f., entre I/? -A/N.
Sear 2566; D.O. -; PCPC 350. 0,50g. Rare
Jean Elsen auc 125 lot 953.

This coin is from the Constantine XI hoard. It is coin #64 in the Numismatique revue that pictures all the coins from the hoard by Simon Bendall.
chance v
0565-JstII-D-Chr-BC610.jpg
BYZANTINE, Justin II and Sophia, Half-Follis struck at Cherson (A.D.582-602)45 viewsA l'avers XЄP-CONOC l'empereur Justin et l'impératrice Sophie debout de face, tous deux nimbés, Phocas tenant un globe crucigère et Leontia un long sceptre crucigère.
Au revers Tibère, debout de face, tenant une longue croix. A droite, la valeur Δ.
Atelier : Cherson (Crimée, Ukraine)
5,67 g / 20-23 mm
Ref : Sear 610 (Maurice) - Sommer 5.73 var (Justin II), MIBEC 161 (Phocas), Anokhin 318-19 (Justin II), Esty 16 (Maurice)
éRIC_FR
leo_14ges.jpg
BYZANTINE, Leo I10 viewsFranz-Josef M
leo_21ges.jpg
BYZANTINE, Leo I15 viewsFranz-Josef M
leo_10ges.jpg
BYZANTINE, Leo I33 viewsFranz-Josef M
LeoIIIgold~0.jpg
BYZANTINE, Leo III & Constantine V, AV Solidus, Constantinople c.A.D.737-741.88 views
Leo III, the Isaurian, 717-741 AD. ruling with Constantine V, 720-741 AD. Struck at Constantinople c.A.D.737 - 741.
Obv: Crowned facing bust of Leo, holding globus cruciger and akakia; d N O LEO-N PA MUl.
Rev: Crowned facing bust of Constantine, holding globus and akakia; d N CONST-ANTINuS.
Sear 1504, DOC III 7b.
4.37gm.
goldcoin
Leo_III_the_Isaurian_and_Constantine_V_joint_reign_720_-_741.jpg
BYZANTINE, Leo III the Isaurian and Constantine V (joint reign). 720-741A.D. Syracuse mint. 34 viewsBronze follis, 2.273g, 20.2mm. light green patina, VF. Obv: crowned bust of Leo III facing, short beard, chlamys, akakia in right, globus cruciger in left. Legend normally illegible (Sear). Rev: bust of Constantine V as obv. but beardless, below line large M between SC and L. Ref: S 1530, DO 54. VERY RAREBard Gram O
leo_6.jpg
BYZANTINE, Leo the Isaurian12 viewsFranz-Josef M
a3~2.jpg
Byzantine, Leo V and Constantine 813-820 AD, AE Follis, SBCV - 163567 viewsOBV Facing Busts of Leo on l. and Constantine

REV Λ K ( Initials of Leon and Konstantine ) Cross above

3.86gm and 22.4mm

Ex Forum Coin
1 commentsSimon
leoV22.jpg
BYZANTINE, Leo V with Constantine, Sear 1635.35 viewsLeo V the Armenian with Constantine (813-820)
Follis, Syracus.
W. Kutschenko
BYZ-Leo_V-3~0.jpg
BYZANTINE, Leo V “The Armenian,” AE18 Follis. 54 viewsSyracuse Mint.
AD 813-820
3.13 grams
Obv.: LEON, crowned facing bust of Leo, wearing loros, holding cross potent; Λ to r.
Rev.: Crowned facing bust of Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding cross on globe; cross to right.
SB 1637
Richard M10
Leo-VI.jpg
BYZANTINE, LEO VI59 viewsLEO VI. 886-912 AD. !
Follis (25mm).
Constantinople mint.
+LEOn bAS-ILEVS ROm',
crowned facing bust, holding akakia
+LEOn/EnQEO bA/SILEVS R/OmEOn
in four lines.
/DOC III 8; SB 1729./
3 commentsGeorge
LeoVI-moeda1.jpg
BYZANTINE, Leo VI (the wise) 886-912 AC.173 viewsAE Follis of Leo VI (the wise) 886-912 AC.

Weight: 4.94 gr
Ø:26mm

Obv: +LEOnbA S ILEVSROm - Leo facing.

Rev: +LEOn/EnOEObA/SILEVSR/OmEOn.

Minted in Constantinople

Condition: VF/gVF

Ref: Sear 1729 - Berk 918.
Jorge C
Leo VI The Wise.jpg
Byzantine, LEO VI (the wise), 886-912 AD, AE Follis72 viewsObv: Facing crowned bust of Leo Vi facing, holding akakia. +LEOn bAS-ILEVS ROm'.
Rev: +LEOn/EnQEO bA/SILEVS R/OmEOn in four lines.
Sear: 1729
Jericho
1025_leo_gesamt.jpg
BYZANTINE, Leo VI, AE Follis, AD 886 - 91294 viewsLeo VI, AE Follis, Constantinople.
Obv: LEON bASILEVS ROM, crowned bust facing with short beard, wearing chlamys, holding akakia
Rev: LEON EN QEO BA SILEVS R OMEON legend in four lines.
Sear 1729, DOC 8
Franz-Josef M
B_036_Leo_VI__(the_Wise)_(886-912_A_D_),_AE-Follis,_LEON_bASILEVS_ROM_LEON_EN_QEO_BA_SILEVS_R_OMEON_SB_1729,_Constantinopolis_DOC-8_AD_Q-001_6h_25,5-26mm_6,08gx-s.jpg
Byzantine, Leo VI. the Wise (886-912 A.D.), SB 1729, AE-Follis, Constantinopolis, #1201 viewsB 036 Leo VI. the Wise (886-912 A.D.), SB 1729, AE-Follis, Constantinopolis, #1
avers: LEON bAS ILEVS ROM, Leo, crowned bust facing with short beard, wearing chlamys, holding akakia.
reverse: + / LEOn/ En QEO BA / SILEVS R / OMEON, legend in four lines.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 25,5-26mm, weight: 6,08g, axis: 6h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: A.D., ref: SB 1729,
Q-001
quadrans
manuela_half_stv_thirdone.jpg
BYZANTINE, Manuel II Palaeologus, AR 1/2 stavraton, 1403-1425 AD59 viewsManuel II Paléologue (1391-1425), AR 1/2 stavraton, 1403-1425, Constantinople.
Obv: D/ B. du Christ de f. A g. ?.
Rev: R/ B. de Manuel de f. entre deux poins. A g., ?. ?ICTO en fin de légende.
Sear 2552; D.O. 1507; PCPC 343. 3,65g.
Jean Elsen auc 125 lot 940.
chance v
manuel_half_stv_2nd_one.jpg
BYZANTINE, Manuel II Palaeologus, AR 1/2 stavraton, 1403-1425 AD55 viewsManuel II Paléologue (1391-1425), AR 1/2 stavraton (1/4 hyperpère), Constantinople.
Obv: D/ B. du Christ accosté de IC-XC. A g., une étoile.
Rev: R/ B. de l'empereur nimbé de f., accosté de deux points.
D.O. 1317; PCPC 334. 3,13g.
Jean Elsen auc 125 lot 937.
chance v
manuel_2_eighth_stav.jpg
BYZANTINE, Manuel II Palaeologus, AR 1/8th stavraton, 1403-1425 AD57 viewsManuel II Paléologue (1391-1425), AR 1/8 de stavraton, 1403-1425, Constantinople.
Obv: D/ B. du Christ de f. entre C-?.
Rev: R/ B. de l'empereur de f. entre deux points.
Sear 2553; D.O. 1543; PCPC 335. 0,55g.
Jean Elsen auc 125 lot 943.
chance v
PhocasS671.JPG
BYZANTINE, Phocas & Leontia, AE Follis, Struck c.A.D.602-603 at Antioch371 viewsObv: D(retrograde) N FOCA NE PE AV. Standing figures of Phocas on left, holding cross on globe and Leontia, nimbate, on right, holding sceptre topped by cross; cross between their heads.
Rev: Large Langobardian M, ANNO to left,cross above, numeral representing the regnal year to right (Year 1 on this coin). In exergue, THEuP', the mintmark for Theupolis (Antioch).
Sear 671
7 commentsLaetvs
Byzanz_6.jpg
BYZANTINE, Phocas and Leontia, 602-610 AD31 viewsPhocas and Leontia 602-610 AD. AE Follis Langobardian M , mint Theopolis. Year 1.
DM FOCAE PP AVG, Phocas on left, holding cross on globe and Leontia, nimbate, on right, holding sceptre topped by cross, standing, cross between their heads / Large m (lower case), ANNO to left,cross above
THEUP Theopolis Antiochia
SB 671, MIB 83a-b.
Franz-Josef M
phocas_tes_ges.jpg
BYZANTINE, Phokas & Leontia, AE Half-follis, Thessalonike33 viewsFranz-Josef M
romI14.jpg
BYZANTINE, Romanus I Lecapenus A.D.920-944, AE Follis, struck at Constantinople98 viewsObv: +RWmAn bASILEVS RWM. Facing bearded bust of Romanus I, wearing crown and jewelled chlamys, holding labarum and globus cruciger.
Rev: +RWMA/n En θEW bA/SILEVS RW/MAIWn in four lines.
Sear: 1760

Romanus I Lecapenus (A.D.920-944), co-ruled with Constantine VII. Porphyrogenitus (A.D.913-959)
Large quantities of folles of this type appear to have been issued, and are often overstruck on folles of Leo VI.
1 commentsW. Kutschenko
C__Poblicius_Malleolus.jpg
C. Poblicius Malleolus - AR denarius6 viewsRome
²92 BC
¹96 BC
helmeted head of Mars right, hammer above
(XVI)
warrior standing half left, foot on cuirass, holding spear; trophy left, grasshopper on prow right
C·M(AL)
¹Crawford 335/3d; Sydenham 615a; Poblicia 6
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
3,8g
ex Aureo & Calicó
Johny SYSEL
malleolus_Poblicia01.jpg
C. Poblicius Malleolus, Crawford 282/349 viewsC. Poblicius Malleolus, gens Poblicia
AR - denarius serratus, 19.5mm, 3.8g
Narbo 118 BC (Crawford)
obv. C.MA - L - L - E.C.F
Head of Roma, with decorated and winged helmet, r.
X behind
rev. Nude Gallic warrior (Bituitus?), driving biga r., hurling spear and holding shield and carnyx.
below L.LIC.CN.DOM.
Crawford 282/3; Sydenham 524; RCV 158; Poblicia 1
about VF

Lucius Licinius Crassus, & Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus
The reverse commemorates the victory of L. Licinius Crassus and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus over the Allobroges and their ally Bituitus, king of the Averni. It is one of the very few issues of the Roman Republic struck outside of Rome, this issue was struck in the newly founded city of Narbo in Gaul. These coins, minted by a number of moneyers at this time (and bearing their names) were important in establishing the republican chronology.
Jochen
mall.jpg
C. Publicus Malleolus, (96 B.C.)15 viewsAR Denarius
O: Helmeted head of Mars right; mallet (malleolus) above, mark of value below chin.
R: Warrior, holding spear and shield, with right foot on cuirass, standing left before trophy; prow to right; C•M(AL) to right.
Rome Mint
3.67g
19mm
Crawford 335/3b; Sydenham 615; Poblicia 6a; Type as RBW 1203.
2 commentsMat
00Malleolus.jpg
C.MALLEOLUS C.f.31 viewsAR denarius. Narbo 118 BC. 3,95 grs. Helmeted head of Roma right. C.MALLE.C.F. around. X behind. / Bituitus in biga right with carnyx and throwing spear. L.LIC.CN.DOM in exergue.
Craw 282/3. RSC Poblicia 1,
benito
00Malleolus~0.jpg
C.MALLEOLUS C.f. 17 viewsAR denarius. Narbo 118 BC. 3,95 grs. Helmeted head of Roma right. C.MALLE.C.F. around. X behind. / Bituitus in biga right with carnyx and throwing spear. L.LIC.CN.DOM in exergue.
Craw 282/3. RSC Poblicia 1,
benito
Vlasto_955-7.jpg
Calabria, Taras. Silver Nomos (5.92 g), ca. 240-228 BC.44 viewsXenokrates, magistrate. Dioskouros on horseback left, head facing, raising hand and holding rein; in right field, TP monogram and pileos; in two lines below, magistrate's name: [Ξ]E-NOKPA/T-HΣ. Reverse: TAPAΣ, Phalanthos riding dolphin left, head and torso facing, holding trident and lifting drapery; in right field, monogram; below, waves and cuttlefish. Vlasto 955-7; HN Italy 1058. Toned. Choice Very Fine.

The Hanbery Collection; Purchased privately from F. Kovacs in the 1980s
1 commentsLeo
103002.jpg
CALABRIA, Tarentum185 viewsTaranto was founded in 706 BC by Dorian immigrants as the only Spartan colony, and its origin is peculiar: the founders were Partheniae, sons of unmarried Spartan women and perioeci (free men, but not citizens of Sparta); these unions were decreed by the Spartans to increase the number of soldiers (only the citizens of Sparta could become soldiers) during the bloody Messenian Wars, but later they were nullified, and the sons were forced to leave. According to the legend Phalanthus, the Parthenian leader, went to Delphi to consult the oracle and received the puzzling answer that he should found a city where rain fell from a clear sky. After all attempts to capture a suitable place to found a colony failed, he became despondent, convinced that the oracle had told him something that was impossible, and was consoled by his wife. She laid his head in her lap and herself became disconsolate. When Phalanthus felt her tears splash onto his forehead he at last grasped the meaning of the oracle, for his wife's name meant clear sky. The harbour of Taranto in Apulia was nearby and he decided this must be the new home for the exiles. The Partheniae arrived and founded the city, naming it Taras after the son of the Greek sea god, Poseidon, and the local nymph Satyrion. A variation says Taras was founded in 707 BC by some Spartans, who, the sons of free women and enslaved fathers, were born during the Messenian War. According to other sources, Heracles founded the city. Another tradition indicates Taras himself as the founder of the city; the symbol of the Greek city (as well as of the modern city) is Taras riding a dolphin. Taranto increased its power, becoming a commercial power and a sovereign city of Magna Graecia, ruling over the Greek colonies in southern Italy.

In its beginning, Taranto was a monarchy, probably modelled on the one ruling over Sparta; according to Herodotus (iii 136), around 492 BC king Aristophilides ruled over the city. The expansion of Taranto was limited to the coast because of the resistance of the populations of inner Apulia. In 472 BC, Taranto signed an alliance with Rhegion, to counter the Messapii, Peuceti, and Lucanians (see Iapygian-Tarentine Wars), but the joint armies of the Tarentines and Rhegines were defeated near Kailìa (modern Ceglie), in what Herodotus claims to be the greatest slaughter of Greeks in his knowledge, with 3,000 Reggians and uncountable Tarentines killed. In 466 BC, Taranto was again defeated by the Iapyges; according to Aristotle, who praises its government, there were so many aristocrats killed that the democratic party was able to get the power, to remove the monarchy, inaugurate a democracy, and expel the Pythagoreans. Like Sparta, Tarentum was an aristocratic republic, but became democratic when the ancient nobility dwindled.

However, the rise of the democratic party did not weaken the bonds of Taranto and her mother-city Sparta. In fact, Taranto supported the Peloponnesian side against Athens in the Peloponnesian War, refused anchorage and water to Athens in 415 BC, and even sent ships to help the Peloponnesians, after the Athenian disaster in Sicily. On the other side, Athens supported the Messapians, in order to counter Taranto's power.

In 432 BC, after several years of war, Taranto signed a peace treaty with the Greek colony of Thurii; both cities contributed to the foundation of the colony of Heraclea, which rapidly fell under Taranto's control. In 367 BC Carthage and the Etruscans signed a pact to counter Taranto's power in southern Italy.

Under the rule of its greatest statesman, strategist and army commander-in-chief, the philosopher and mathematician Archytas, Taranto reached its peak power and wealth; it was the most important city of the Magna Graecia, the main commercial port of southern Italy, it produced and exported goods to and from motherland Greece and it had the biggest army and the largest fleet in southern Italy. However, with the death of Archytas in 347 BC, the city started a slow, but ineluctable decline; the first sign of the city's decreased power was its inability to field an army, since the Tarentines preferred to use their large wealth to hire mercenaries, rather than leave their lucrative trades.

In 343 BC Taranto appealed for aid against the barbarians to its mother city Sparta, in the face of aggression by the Brutian League. In 342 BC, Archidamus III, king of Sparta, arrived in Italy with an army and a fleet to fight the Lucanians and their allies. In 338 BC, during the Battle of Manduria, the Spartan and Tarentine armies were defeated in front of the walls of Manduria (nowadays in province of Taranto), and Archidamus was killed.

In 333 BC, still troubled by their Italic neighbours, the Tarentines called the Epirotic king Alexander Molossus to fight the Bruttii, Samnites, and Lucanians, but he was later (331 BC) defeated and killed in the battle of Pandosia (near Cosenza). In 320 BC, a peace treaty was signed between Taranto and the Samnites. In 304 BC, Taranto was attacked by the Lucanians and asked for the help of Agathocles tyrant of Syracuse, king of Sicily. Agathocles arrived in southern Italy and took control of Bruttium (present-day Calabria), but was later called back to Syracuse. In 303 BC-302 BC Cleonymus of Sparta established an alliance with Taranto against the Lucanians, and fought against them.

Arnold J. Toynbee, a classical scholar who taught at Oxford and other prestigious English universities and who did original and definitive work on Sparta (e.g. The Journal of Hellenic Studies, vol. xxxiii 1913 p. 246-275) seemed to have some doubts about Tarentum (Taranto) being of Spartan origin.

In his book The Study of History vol. iii p. 52 he wrote: "...Tarentum, which claimed a Spartan origin; but, even if this claim was in accordance with historical fact..." The tentative phrasing seems to imply that the evidence is neither conclusive or even establishes a high degree of probability of the truth that Tarentum (Taranto) was a Spartan colony.

CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 302-281 BC. AR Drachm (17mm, 2.91 gm). Helmeted head of Athena right, helmet decorated with Skylla hurling a stone / Owl standing right head facing, on olive branch; Vlasto 1058; SNG ANS 1312; HN Italy 1015. VF.

Ex-Cng eAuction 103 Lot 2 190/150
2 commentsecoli
Campania,_Neaopolis,_AR_Nomos_300-275_BC_-_CNG_167_Lot_0007.jpg
Campania, Neapolis, ca. 320-300 BC, AR Didrachm 22 viewsHead of the Siren Parthenope right, hair bound by band, wearing triple pendant earring and pearl necklace; pileos behind.
Man-faced bull standing right with head facing while being crowned by Nike flying right above; K below.

HN Italy 579.

(19 mm, 7.23 g, 10h).
Classical Numismatic Group e-Auction 167, 27 June 2007, 7; from the Charles Gillet collection, ex-Stacks, 15 November 1989, 90.
n.igma
cjdtempleORweb.jpg
Caracalla & Julia Domna Pentassarion Varbanov 813116 viewsMarkianopolis mint, Caracalla & Julia Domna Pentassarion, 197-217 A.D. AE, 27mm 9.91g, Varbanov 813
O: ANTWNINOC AVGOVCTOC IOVLIA DOMNA, confronted draped busts
R: VP KYNTILIANOY MAPKIANOPOLEITWN, tetrastyle temple with Tyche within holding rudder & cornucopiae, E below
3 commentscasata137ec
Keramus.jpg
Caria, Ceramos. Antonininus Pius AE33 Zeus Chrysaoreus137 viewsCeramus; Asia: Conventus of Alabanda; Caria. Laureate head of Antoninus Pius with traces of drapery, l. Zeus (Chrysaoreus) standing, facing, head, l., holding patera over eagle and long sceptre. BMC Caria, Pl. XII
Magistrate P. Ailios Themistokles Protoleontos, arxas (ex-archon?)
ΑΥΤΟΚ ΚΑΙΣ ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝΟΝ ΣΕΒ ΕΥ (facing outward) / ΑΙΛΙ ΘΕΜΙΣΤΟΚΛΗΣ ΠΡΩΤΟΛΕ ΑΡΞ ΚΕΡΑΜΙΗΤΩΝ
33 mm. 19.91 g
1 commentsancientone
carisia2_denar.jpg
CARISIA 2 denarius - moneyer Titus Carisius - 46 BC34 viewsobv: Diademed and winged bust of Victory right, wearing earring and necklace; jewelled hair pulled into knot, [S. C. behind], banker's mark on face
rev: Victory driving galloping biga right, holding reins and wreath., T CARISI in ex., banker's mark on the top of horses
ref: Cr464/1, Syd986, Sear1324, Albert1437(125eur)
2.86gms, 17mm

A very pleasant type struck during the time Cleopatra was in Rome with Caesar.
berserker
carthago nova.jpg
Carthago Nova. Augustus82 viewsObverse: AVGVSTVS DIVI F, Augustus Bare head right
Reverse: C LAETILIVS APALVS II V Q
Exe: REX/PTOL in two lines across field within diadem
Mint : Carthago Nova
Date : 27 BC-AD 14
Reference : RPC I 172; SNG Copenhagen 494
Grade : Good VF
Weight : 5.26 g
Denom : Semis
Metal : AE
Dealer : CNG.

Comments : 20mm, 12h . Red and black-olive patina. The bronze coin honors the young Mauretanian prince Ptolemaios (Juba II and Cleopatra Selene's son) with the highest official title of the city.
Bolayi
Castile_León_ME-1718.jpg
Castile & León: Enrique IV el Impotente (1454-1474) BI Dinero, Sevilla (ME 1718; Burgos 784)11 viewsObv: Three-towered castle; S below; all within lozenge
Rev: Crowned lion rampant left; all within lozenge
Quant.Geek
ME-24579.jpg
Castile & León: Fernando V & Isabel I (1474-1504) CU 2 Maravedis, Cuenca (ME 24579; MEC 6, 846)9 viewsObv: Three-towered castle façade; patriarchal cross and C flanking; pomegranate in exergue
Rev: Crowned lion passant left
Quant.Geek
leo1000.jpg
Chersonese AE Lion18 viewsThrace, Chersonese, Panticapaeum, Pan / Lion, AE 19. 300-100 BC. Obverse: Youthful head of Pan left. Reverse: PAN, Head of lion left, sturgeon below. 19 mm , 5.5 g. ex Jerome Holderman.Podiceps
leo2.jpg
Chersonese Lion50 viewsThracian Chersonese 480-350 BC. Silver half drachm Obv.: Forepart of lion, head reverted. Rev.: Quadripartite incuse square, pellet, monogram. AΓ below pellet / torch, Weber 2407; McClean 4092.2 commentskaitsuburi
ORDO_CULTURE_SPEC_MONEY.jpg
CHINA - Ordos Culture67 viewsCHINA - Ordos Culture "Special Money" - AE Lattice piece with "+" character. Late Bronze Age, c. 1600-1200 B.C.E. 40 mm at longest part; about 19 mm wide. 3.5 g. This is described by some China monetary experts as a form of money; others say this is not the case - as with Bell Money, Bridge Money, etc. These experts seem to lean toward the theory that these were burial objects.
Per Wikipedia: The Ordos culture comprises the period from Upper Paleolithic to the late Bronze age at the Ordos Desert, in the south of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China, about 300 kilometers from modern Beijing. The Ordos were predominantly Mongoloid, as known from their skeletal remains and artifacts, but numerous interactions between Europoid and Mongoloid might have also taken place in that region over the course of several centuries, until its occupation by Qin and Han dynasties.
dpaul7
CILICIAN_ARMENTNIA_LEVON_I_TANK_1.jpg
CILICIAN ARMENIA -- Levon I 49 viewsCILICIAN ARMENIA -- Levon I – (1199-1219) Tank (Cu). Sis mint. Obverse: Crowned bust of leonine king. Seven dots in the crown. +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՂԱՅՈՅ “Levon King of Armenians” Reverse: Greek cross, with stars in the field beneath. +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱԴԱՔՍ Ի ՍԻՍԻ “By the Will of God”dpaul7
CILICIAN_ARMENTNIA_LEVON_I_TANK_2.jpg
CILICIAN ARMENIA -- Levon I 42 viewsCILICIAN ARMENIA -- Levon I – (1199-1219) Tank (Cu). Sis mint. Obverse: Crowned bust of leonine king. +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՂԱՅՈՅ “Levon King of Armenians” Reverse: Greek cross, with stars in the field beneath. +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱԴԱՔՍ Ի ՍԻՍԻ “By the Will of God”dpaul7
ARM_Levon_I_tank_Bedoukian_729_var_.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Levon I, the Great (1199-1219)21 viewsVardanyan Group B; Nercessian 310 var. (rev. legend), Bedoukian 729 var. (obv. legend)

AE tank. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint. 7.91 g., 29.49 mm. max., 270°

Obv: + ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՒՈՑ (= Lewon Tagawor Haywots = Levon, King of Armenians), leonine head of the king, five [?] dots on the crown, pendilium and hair represented by two curls surmounted by a dot, short row of two vertical dots below; and the mane/beard by three parallel rows of dots.

Rev.: + ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՍ Ի ՍԻ [Type 1 letter Ք] (= Shineal i kaghakn i Sis = Struck in the city of Sis), patriarchal cross with five-pointed star on each side.

The sequence of issuance of the four groups is unknown.
Stkp
ARM_Levon_I_tank_Vardanyan_Group_D.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Levon I, the Great (1199-1219)18 viewsVardanyan Group D; Nercessian 303 var. (rev. legend), Bedoukian 746 var. (rev. legend, per 737)

AE tank. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint. 7.14 g., 29.63 mm. max., 180°

Obv: + ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՒՈ (= Lewon Tagawor Haywots = Levon, King of Armenians), leonine head of the king, six dots on the crown, pendilium and hair represented by vertical row of three large dots; and the mane/beard by an irregular juxtaposition of smaller dots.

Rev: + ՇԻՆՍԼ Ի ՔԱՂՍՔՍ Ի ՍԻՍ [Type 4 letter Ք] (= Shineal i kaghakn i Sis = Struck in the city of Sis), patriarchal cross with six-pointed star on each side.

The sequence of issuance of the four groups is unknown.
1 commentsStkp
ARM_Levon_I_tank_Vardanyan_Group_C.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Levon I, the Great (1199-1219)21 viewsVardanyan Group C; Nercessian 304 var. (obv. legend), Bedoukian 720 var. (obv. legend)

AE tank. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint. 6.80 g., 28.19 mm. max., 180°

Obv: + ԼԵՒՈՆ ׀ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՒՈՑ (= Lewon Tagawor Haywots = Levon, King of Armenians), leonine head of the king, seven dots on the crown, pendilium and hair represented by vertical row of six dots; and the mane/beard by a semi-irregular juxtaposition of dots.

Rev: + ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՍ Ի ՍԻՍ [Type 2 letter Ք] (= Shineal i kaghakn i Sis = Struck in the city of Sis), patriarchal cross with five-pointed star on each side.

There are three varieties of the obverse legend among the Group C coins in the collection of the History Museum of Armenia. The obverse legend on this coin, which bears a letter/symbol between the words ԼԵՒՈՆ and ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ, is not represented. This obverse letter variation is also not recorded in Bedoukian and Nercessian.

The sequence of issuance of the four groups is unknown.
1 commentsStkp
ARM_Levon_I_tank_Vardanyan_Group_A.png
Cilician Armenia. Levon I, the Great (1199-1219)22 viewsVardanyan Group A; Nercessian 308; Bedoukian 716

AE tank. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint. 6.89 g., 27.92 mm. max., 180°

Obv: + ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՒՈՑ (= Lewon T'agawor Haywoc' = Levon, King of Armenians), leonine head of the king, crown with row of six dots, pendilium and hair represented by single curl and a row of four vertical dots below; and the mane/beard represented by two horizontal rows of dots.

Rev.: + ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՍ Ի ՍԻՍ [Type 1 letter Ք (without horizontal strokes)] (= Šineal i k'ałak's i sis = Struck in the city of Sis), patriarchal cross with five-pointed star on each side.

There are four varieties of the obverse legend among the Group A coins in the collection of the History Museum of Armenia (the "HRH"). The obverse legend on this coin is represented by 7 dies (39 coins), but this coin is not a die match with any of them. There are five varieties of the reverse legend among the Group A coins in the HRH collection. The reverse legend on this coin is represented by 12 dies (16 coins), but this coin is not a die match with any of them.

The sequence of issuance of the four groups is unknown.
Stkp
Nercessian-303.jpg
Cilician Armenia: Levon I (1198-1219) AE Tank (Nercessian-303) 50 viewsObv: Crowned bust of leonine king. Six dots in the crown. Armenian legend around +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ - Levon King of Armenians
Rev: Greek cross, with stars in the field beneath. Armenian legend around +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՍ Ի ՍԻՍ Ի - By the Will of God
1 commentsSpongeBob
214.JPG
Cinquième République - Dupré - 10 francs - 1964 essai4 viewsArgent, 24,98 g
Av./ LIBERTE EGALITE FRATERNITE, Hercule nu avec la léonté debout de face, unissant la Liberté debout à gauche tenant une pique surmontée d'un bonnet phrygien et l'Egalité à droite, tenant le niveau ; signé Dupré cursif à l'exergue .
Rv./ REPUBLIQUE - FRANÇAISE// 10/ FRANCS/ 1964// ESSAI, dans une couronne composite.
Réfs : F-364.2
Gabalor
010~0.JPG
Cleoniceras Ammonite55 viewsCleoniceras Ammonite: Ammolite
140 million years old
found in Mahajanga, Madagascar.

Ammonites are extinct cephalopods that lived in the oceans millions of years ago and are ancestors to the modern-day squid, octopus, and chambered nautilus. Ammonites were wide spread around the globe and flourished for 100’s of millions of years. These ammonites date to about 140mya and come from the area around Mahajanga, Madagascar. Ammonites were first called Ammon’s Stones for their resemblance to the ram’s horns of Ammon, ancient Egyptian God of life and procreation.



The photo between is of a living relative, the Nautilus.



"A countermarked coin described here provides evidence that ancient Greeks created artistic portrayals of ammonite fossils, although they probably valued them more for their religious significance rather than for their significance for the study of natural history."
http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb3284/is_314_81/ai_n29405665/
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
002~4.JPG
Cleoniceras Ammonite49 viewsCleoniceras Ammonite: Ammolite

140 million years old
found in Mahajanga, Madagascar.

Ammonites take their name from the Egyptian god Amun, known to the Greeks as Zeus Ammon. This god is depicted on Cyrean coins and in sculpture by a head with curling ram's horns. Many genera of ammonites have names ending in -ceras from the Greek word 'keras' meaning horn.



Ammonitesare an extinct group of marine invertebrate animals in the subclass Ammonoidea of the class Cephalopoda. These molluscs are more closely related to living coleoids (i.e. octopuses, squid, and cuttlefish) than they are to shelled nautiloids such as the living Nautilus species.
5 commentsRandygeki(h2)
cleo_diobol_3_obv.JPG
Cleopatra 80 Drachmai (1) Obv11 viewsAlexandria, 80 Drachmai

Diademed, draped bust, right, KLEOPATRAS BASILIS[SHS]
Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, cornucopia in left field, mark of value P (= 80) in right field

Svoronos 1871
jimbomar
cleo_diobol_3_rev.JPG
Cleopatra 80 Drachmai (1) Rev10 viewsAlexandria, 80 Drachmai

Diademed, draped bust, right, KLEOPATRAS BASILIS[SHS]
Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, cornucopia in left field, mark of value P (= 80) in right field

Svoronos 1871
jimbomar
cleo_diobol_2_obv.JPG
Cleopatra 80 Drachmai (2) Obv12 viewsAlexandria, 80 Drachmai

Diademed, draped bust, right, KLEOPATRAS BASILIS[SHS]
Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, cornucopia in left field, mark of value P (= 80) in right field

Svoronos 1871
jimbomar
cleo_diobol_2_rev.JPG
Cleopatra 80 Drachmai (2) Rev10 viewsAlexandria, 80 Drachmai

Diademed, draped bust, right, KLEOPATRAS BASILIS[SHS]
Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, cornucopia in left field, mark of value P (= 80) in right field

Svoronos 1871
jimbomar
cleo_diobol_1_obv.JPG
Cleopatra 80 Drachmai (3) Obv8 viewsAlexandria, 80 Drachmai

Diademed, draped bust, right, KLEOPATRAS BASILIS[SHS]
Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, cornucopia in left field, mark of value P (= 80) in right field

Svoronos 1871
jimbomar
cleo_diobol_1_rev.JPG
Cleopatra 80 Drachmai (3) Rev10 viewsAlexandria, 80 Drachmai

Diademed, draped bust, right, KLEOPATRAS BASILIS[SHS]
Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, cornucopia in left field, mark of value P (= 80) in right field

Svoronos 1871
jimbomar
cleo_4_obv.JPG
Cleopatra 80 Drachmai (4) Obv9 viewsAlexandria, 80 Drachmai

Diademed, draped bust, right, KLEOPATRAS BASILIS[SHS]
Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, cornucopia in left field, mark of value P (= 80) in right field

Svoronos 1871
jimbomar
cleo_4_rev.JPG
Cleopatra 80 Drachmai (4) Rev9 viewsAlexandria, 80 Drachmai

Diademed, draped bust, right, KLEOPATRAS BASILIS[SHS]
Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, cornucopia in left field, mark of value P (= 80) in right field

Svoronos 1871
jimbomar
CLEO I.jpg
Cleopatra I, wife of Ptolemy V (Epiphanes).306 viewsPtolemaic Egypt, Æ (28.4 mm, 18.84 g), before 176 BCE.
Obv: Diademed head of Cleopatra I as Isis, r.
Rev: PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, Eagle standing l. on thunderbolt, wings open.
Svoronos 1235; Sear Greek 7880; BMC 6.94,72; SNG VIII 1175; Forrer 80.
EmpressCollector
Cleo_III.jpg
Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX or X, Alexandria, 19.8 mm, obol21 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra III with sons Ptolemy IX Soter and Ptolemy X Alexander, c. 116 - 80 B.C. Bronze obol, Svoronos 1426, F, Alexandria mint, 6.557 g, 19.8 mm, 315o, obverse diademed head of Zeus Ammon right; reverse “PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS”, two eagles standing left side by side on thunderbolt, cornucopia left. ex FORVM

Podiceps
cleoIII.jpg
Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX or X, Paphos, 30,7 mm, diobol13 viewsPtolemaic Egypt, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX or X, c. 116 - 104 B.C. Bronze diobol, Paphos II #315, Svoronos -, Poor/Fair, Paphos mint, 17.088g, 30.7mm, 0o; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse “BASILEWS PTOLEMAIOU”?, two eagles standing left, star and “S” before; weak strike, rough; very rare. The flan is typical for the Paphos Mint. The two eagles indicates two rulers on the throne. The weight is double the more common c. 8.5 grams obol of this period. ex FORVM

Podiceps
PtolmyIX_SNGcop356_gf.jpg
Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II23 viewsCleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II. 116/107 BC AR Tetradrachm (13.20 gm) of Alexandria, 108/107 BC. Diademed head of Ptolemy I r. / Eagle standing l. on thunderbolt. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ | ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ, L| to l. (RY 10), ΠΑ to r. VF. SNG Cop 8 #356-357; Svoronos 1671 (Ptolemy X of Paphos) pl. 57 #12; DCA 60; Morkholm PPCH XXI #961. cf Heritage Auction 231813 #65071.
1 commentsAnaximander
ptolemy_X_01.jpg
Cleopatra III and Ptolemy X AR Tetradrachm41 viewsObv: Diademed head right, wearing aegis.
Rev: Eagle standing left on thunderbolt; LIΓ/I (date) before; ΠA behind.
Date: 105 - 104 BC
Mint: Alexandria mint.
Weight: 13.40g
Ref: Svoronos 1729, SNG Copenhagen 360
oa
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Cleopatra III with sons Ptolemy IX Soter and Ptolemy X Alexander, AE 21.653 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra III with sons Ptolemy IX Soter and Ptolemy X Alexander, c. 116 - 80 B.C. Bronze obol, Svoronos 1426 var (Alexandria), gVF, Paphos mint, 8.369g, 21.6mm, 0o, obverse diademed head of Zeus Ammon right; reverse PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, two eagles standing left side by side on thunderbolt, cornucopia left. ex FORVM1 commentsPodiceps
cleo_III_ja_pojat.jpg
Cleopatra III with sons, Zeus Ammon, 30.1 mm21 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra III with sons Ptolemy IX Soter and Ptolemy X Alexander, c. 116 - 80 B.C. 32188. Bronze triobol, Svoronos 1424, SNG Cop 305 ff., SGCV II 7900 (all Ptolemy VI), VF, dark brown patina, 22.037g, 30.1mm, 0o, obverse diademed head of Zeus Ammon right; reverse “PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS”, two eagles standing left on thunderbolts, side by side, double cornucopia left. Among the most common of Ptolemaic coins, struck during the joint reign of Cleopatra III and her sons, Ptolemy IX then Ptolemy X. Svoronos 1424 has two very distinct varieties. The earlier 29 gram variety was found in quantity in the c. 160 B.C. CoinEx Hoard. In that hoard, there were none of this later, common, c. 23-24 gram variety. The two types are separated by about 50 years. ex FORVMPodiceps
cleo_paphos.jpg
Cleopatra portrait, dichalkon; Paphos, Cyprus14 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra VII, Philopator, 51 - 30 B.C., Paphos, Cyprus. Bronze dichalkon, Kreuzer p. 44, first illustration; Svoronos 1160 (Ptolemy IV); Weiser -; SNG Cop 649, gF, Paphos mint, 1.570g, 11.8mm, 0o, obverse diademed bust of Cleopatra VII as Isis right, hair in melon-coiffure; reverse “ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ − ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ”, double cornucopia flanked by ribbons; nice green patina. Ex FORVMPodiceps
cleo.jpg
Cleopatra portrait, Paphos, Cyprus20 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra VII, Philopator, 51 - 30 B.C., Paphos, Cyprus. Bronze dichalkon, Kreuzer p. 44, first illustration; Svoronos 1160 (Ptolemy IV); Weiser -; SNG Cop 649, F, Paphos mint, 1.190 g, 10.9 mm, 0o, obverse diademed bust of Cleopatra VII as Isis right, hair in melon-coiffure; reverse PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, double cornucopia flanked by ribbons. Kreuzer, in his book The Coinage System of Cleopatra VII and Augustus in Cyprus, assembles evidence dating this type to Cleopatra VII instead of the reign of Ptolemy IV used in older references. ex FORVMPodiceps
25363_Cleopatra_VII,_Philopator,_51_-_30_B_C_,_Paphos,_Cyprus_F.jpg
Cleopatra portrait, Paphos, Cyprus11 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom, Cleopatra VII, Philopator, 51 - 30 B.C., Paphos, Cyprus. Bronze dichalkon, Kreuzer p. 44, first illustration; Svoronos 1160 (Ptolemy IV); Weiser -; SNG Cop 649, F, attractive patina, Paphos mint, 1.254g, 11.5mm, 270o, obverse diademed bust of Cleopatra VII as Isis right, hair in melon-coiffure; reverse “ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ − ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ”, double cornucopia flanked by ribbons; crude, flan flaw. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
25389_Cleopatra_VII,_Philopator,_51_-_30_B_C_,_Paphos,_Cyprus_aF.jpg
Cleopatra portrait, Paphos, Cyprus13 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom, Cleopatra VII, Philopator, 51 - 30 B.C., Paphos, Cyprus. Bronze dichalkon, Kreuzer p. 44, first illustration; Svoronos 1160 (Ptolemy IV); Weiser -; SNG Cop 649, aF, Paphos mint, 1.498g, 11.7mm, 0o, obverse diademed bust of Cleopatra VII as Isis right, hair in melon-coiffure; reverse “ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ − ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ”, double cornucopia flanked by ribbons; green patina. FORVM. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Cleopatra_VII.jpg
Cleopatra portrait, Paphos, Cyprus (2)10 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra VII, Philopator, 51 - 30 B.C., Paphos, Cyprus. Bronze dichalkon, Kreuzer p. 44, first illustration; Svoronos 1160 (Ptolemy IV); Weiser -; SNG Cop 649, VF, obverse off center, 1.660g, 13.5mm, 0o, Paphos mint, obverse diademed bust of Cleopatra VII as Isis right, hair in melon-coiffure; reverse ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ − ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, double cornucopia flanked by ribbons; Kreuzer, in his book The Coinage System of Cleopatra VII and Augustus in Cyprus, assembles evidence dating this type to Cleopatra VII instead of the reign of Ptolemy IV used in older references. ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
collage7~2.jpg
Cleopatra Thea & Antiochus VIII41 viewsCleopatra Thea & Antiochus VIII
Antioch 125-121 BC

O: Head of Antiochus VIII, with ray diademed to right
R: Owl on recumbant amphora
2 commentsarizonarobin
Antiochus_VIII~1.jpg
Cleopatra Thea & Antiochus VIII 125-121 BC14 viewsCleopatra Thea & Antiochus VIII AE18. Weight 5.60g. Antioch mint, 125-121 BC. Radiate head of Antiochos right / ΒΑΣΙΛΙΣΣΗΣ ΚΛΕΟΠΑΤΡΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY, owl standing facing on amphora. SNGCop 376, SNGIs 2441ff.ddwau
Cleopatra_Thea_and_Antiochos_VIII~0.JPG
Cleopatra Thea and Antiochos VIII27 viewsCleopatra Thea and Antiochos VIII, 125 - 121 BC, Hoover 1189, SC 2263, Antioch, year 191 (122 - 121 BC)
OBV: Diademed and radiate head right
REV: Owl standing facing on overturned amphora; date and aplustre in exergue
21mm, 8.1g
Romanorvm
AntiochosVIII.jpg
Cleopatra Thea and Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (Grypos)51 views125-121 BC
19 mm, 5.90 g
obv: radiate and diademed head of Antiochos right
rev: ΒΑΣΙΛIΣΣHΣ KΛEOΠATPA ΘEAΣ / KAI ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟY; owl standing right on amphora, head facing
Hoover p. 241, #1189
2 commentsareich
Antiochus_VIII_and_Cleopatra_Thea.jpg
Cleopatra Thea and Antiochus VIII 125 - 121 B.C.15 viewsCleopatra Thea and Antiochus VIII 125 - 121 B.C. Ae 7.79g. 20.6~21.3mm. Obv: Jugate busts r. of Cleopatra Thea, diademed, veiled and wearing stephane, and Antiochus VIII diademed, dotted border. Rev: BAΣIΛIΣΣHΣ KΛEOΠATΡAΣ ΘEAΣ in three lines on r., KAI BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOΥ in three lines on l., Nike standing l., holding wreath. Control: inner l. conjoined H P. SC 2265; SNG Spaer 2467 - 2469; Babelon 1364; BMC 82 commentsddwau
Cleopatra_Thea_and_Antiochos_VIII_Epiphanes.jpg
Cleopatra Thea and Antiochus VIII Epiphanes. 125-121 B.C.16 viewsCleopatra Thea and Antiochus VIII Epiphanes. 125-121 B.C. Ae 18.5~19.7mm. 5.27g. Ake-Ptolemaïs mint, Dated (ΗΠΡ) S.E. 188 (125/4 B.C.). Obv: Diademed and radiate head of Antiochus VIII, right. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΙΣΣΗΣ ΚΛΕΟΠΑΤΠΑΣ KAI ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ,
headdress of Isis; monogram high in inner right field. SC 2274.2a; HGC 9, 1191.
1 commentsddwau
Cleopatra_Thea_and_Antiochus_VIII_Epiphanes.jpg
Cleopatra Thea and Antiochus VIII Epiphanes. 125-121 B.C.9 viewsCleopatra Thea and Antiochus VIII Epiphanes. 125-121 B.C.. Ae 13.6~15.1mm. 3.21g. Antioch on the Orontes. Dated SE 191 (122/1 BC). Obv: Draped bust of Tyche r., wearing calathus, dotted border. Rev: BAΣΙΛΙΣΣΗΣ ΚΛΕΟΠΑΤΡΑΣ / ΚΑΙ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ. Tiller on base; control mark to inner l. IE above AφP (date). SC 2264; HGC 9, 1192.ddwau
CLEOIII_ANTIOCHUSVIII.jpg
Cleopatra Thea, queen of Syria (with son, Antiochos VIII).223 viewsAR Tetradrachm (27 mm). Antioch mint, 125-121 BCE.
Obv: Conj. busts r.
Rev: BASILISSHS/ KLEOPATRAS/ KAI/ BASILEWS/ ANTIOXOU, Zeus Nikephoros seated l., holding lotus-tipped scepter; IE outer left, A under throne. SNG Spaer 2437. Cf. Sear 7135.
1 commentsEmpressCollector
Cleopatra_VII~0.JPG
Cleopatra VII41 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom, 13mm, 1.7g, Cleopatra VII, Philopator, 51 - 30 B.C., Paphos, Cyprus
OBV: diademed bust of Cleopatra VII as Isis right, hair in melon-coiffure
REV: Double cornucopiae, ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ
Kreuzer p. 44 first illustration, Svoronos 1160 (Ptolemy IV), SNG Cop 649,

Kreuzer, in his book The Coinage System of Cleopatra VII and Augustus in Cyprus,
assembles evidence dating this type to Cleopatra VII instead of the reign of Ptolemy IV used in older references.
1 commentsRomanorvm
Cleopatra_VII.jpg
Cleopatra VII18 viewsCleopatra VII, Paphos mint, 11mm
Obverse: Diademed bust of Cleopatra VII as Isis right, hair in melon-coiffure
Reverse: ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ − ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, double cornucopia flanked by ribbons
Dk0311USMC
13_Cleopatra.jpg
Cleopatra VII (51 – 30 B.C.)4 viewsAE Dichalkon, 51 – 30 B.C., Paphos, 11.4mm, 1.48g, 0°, Svornos 1160; SNG COP 649.
Obv: Diademed bust of Cleopatra VII as Isis right, hair in melon-coiffure.
Rev: ΠTOΛEMAIOY − BAΣIΛEΩΣ, double cornucopia flanked by ribbons.
Marti Vltori
00-cleop.jpg
Cleopatra VII - Cox 128.16 viewsCleopatra VII, 51-30BC,
AE17 of Neopaphos, Cyprus, Mint,
Laureate head of Zeus to right /
Zeus standing head to right,
holding ears of corn on single stalk & sceptre, star above.
xokleng
cleo___poika.jpg
Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XV, Paphos19 viewsPtolemaic Egypt, Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XV, 44 - 30 B.C. Bronze obol, Svoronos 1842 (Ptolemy XII), F, Paphos mint, 5.575g, 24.4mm, 0o, 44 - 30 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse “PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS”, two eagles standing left on thunderbolt, headdress of Isis before; rough. The two eagles on the reverse symbolize harmony between the two rulers, in this case the mother and son, Cleopatra VII and Caesarion. ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
6__Drachme_de_Cléopâtre~0.jpg
Cleopatra VII drachm 141 viewsCleopatra VII drachm

Bronze 80 drachmes Cléopâtre VII
- Bronze 80 drachmes, Cléopâtre VII, Alexandrie, 51-29 avant J.-C (Bronze)
Avers : Buste de Cléopâtre
Revers : KLEOPATRAS BASILISAigle debout à gauche sur un foudre, les ailes déployées.
bgaut
cleopatraVII.jpg
Cleopatra VII hemiobol29 viewsLaureate head of Zeus

Statue of Zeus Salaminos standing, holding stalks of grain, star above


Paphos mint c. 35 BC

3.15g

Nicolaou, Paphos II, 469-509; Cox, Exc. at Curium 128; Museum of the History of Cypriot Coinage ch. 11, 35

Notes from Forum:

While not noted in Svoronos, this type is fairly common on Cyprus and many have been found in the excavations at Neopaphos. The lack of a central depression indicates they were struck after 96 B.C. Recent Cypriot numismatic publications date them to the time when Cleopatra VII of Egypt was the ruler of the island


Sold Forum Auction March 2019
1 commentsJay GT4
AE_Tiny_Greek.JPG
Cleopatra VII Philopator AE Chalkous-Sixteenth Unit. Paphos on Cyprus mint, 51-30 BC25 viewsDiademed idealized head right / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt. Kreuzer P49 soldAntonivs Protti
coin215.jpg
Cleopatra VII Philopator Svoronos 1161 Æ VB-2 19 viewsCleopatra VII Philopator Svoronos 1161 Æ VB-2
Dichalkon-Eighth Unit. Paphos on Cyprus mint, 51-30 BC. Diademed & draped idealized bust right / Double cornucopiae. Coin #215
cars100
3Ze6NxF5Y9nBWN7oL4iFyCP846wC2L.jpg
Cleopatra VII, AR Tetradrachm. 18 viewsAntonivs Protti
9rSWA2YgA3d5j3zJTF8ms69G7DSiy4.jpg
Cleopatra VII, AR Tetradrachm. 16 viewsCleopatra VII Philopator. AR Tetradrachm. _soldAntonivs Protti
clovismidky.jpg
Clovis point. Early Paleoindian period. 15,000 - 9,000 B.C.41 viewsClovis points are the characteristically-fluted projectile points associated with the North American Clovis culture. They date to the Paleoindian period around 13,500 years ago and are named after the city of Clovis, New Mexico, where examples were first found in 1929.ancientone
053~7.JPG
Comté de Montbéliard, Léopold Eberhard (1699-1723), France.8 viewsLiard, cuivre, 3,24 g
A/ D G L E D VV M, buste à droite.
R/ LIARD DE MONT BELIARD 1715
Réfs : PA 5455
Gabalor
Confederate_Army_Letter_Rear.jpg
Confederate Army Letter - Office of Chief Inspector Field Transportation District No. 3, Alabama, Mississippi, West Tennessee and East La at Brandon, Miss. January 29, 18643 viewsAn interesting letter handwritten by Major and Inspector Field Transportation A.M. Paxton to Captain H.F. Cook AQM, who was stationed at Woodville, Mississippi. The details of the letter concerns hiring "negro men" ages 18 to 45 as blacksmiths, shoemakers, carpenters, and teamsters. The "Genl Polk" mentioned is Lieutenant General Leonidas Polk. General Polk would be killed by Union artillery on June 14, 1864 during the Atlanta campaign. Major Paxton would go on to be paroled on May 15, 1865 at Jackson, Mississippi.SpongeBob
Confederate_Army_Letter_Front.jpg
Confederate Army Letter - Office of Chief Inspector Field Transportation District No. 3, Alabama, Mississippi, West Tennessee and East La at Brandon, Miss. January 29, 18649 viewsAn interesting letter handwritten by Major and Inspector Field Transportation A.M. Paxton to Captain H.F. Cook AQM, who was stationed at Woodville, Mississippi. The details of the letter concerns hiring "negro men" ages 18 to 45 as blacksmiths, shoemakers, carpenters, and teamsters. The "Genl Polk" mentioned is Lieutenant General Leonidas Polk. General Polk would be killed by Union artillery on June 14, 1864 during the Atlanta campaign. Major Paxton would go on to be paroled on May 15, 1865 at Jackson, Mississippi.SpongeBob
constiV.jpg
CONSTANTINE V (741 - 775 A.D.)29 viewsÆ Follis
O: Two half-length figures facing, Constantine V on left, bearded, Leo IV on right, beardless, each wearing chlamys and crown with cross, holding in right hand akakia. Between heads, cross. To left, ; To right, ///
R: Half-length figure of Leo III facing, bearded, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, holding in right hand, cross potent on base. To left, ///; To right, ///
Syracuse
2.3g
19mm
S.1569
2 commentsMat