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coin622.jpg
74 viewsGREEK; Antiochus III, King of Syria, 223-187 BC;
AE 12, Antioch mint; Obv: Laureated head of
Apollo right. Rev: Apollo standing left, holds
arrow and leans on bow. Houghton 70
Spaer 583 Coin #622
cars100
r1066w.jpg
101 viewsJulia Domna
Stobi, Macedonia
2 Assaria
Obv. Dr bust r, IVLIA · AV-GVSTA round
Rev. Nike walking r, palm over l shoulder, wreath in raised r hand, wheel at her feet, MVNICIP - STOBENSIV round.
5.08 gm, 23 mm
5 commentsManzikert
Marius.JPG
206 viewsGALLIC EMPIRE -- MARIUS
IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG Draped, cuirassed and radiated bust right
VICTO - Ri - A AV - G Victoria walking right
with full silvering

gb29400
2 commentsgb29400
Elagabalus  218-222 A.D. Denarius RSC182 RIC38.JPG
46 viewsOBV: IMP.ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
REV: P.M.TR.P.IIII.COS.III.P.P.
Sol radiate naked except for cloak over left arm standing half-left looking back right raising right hand and holding whip in left; star in field left
nigel nicholson
r1055.jpg
67 viewsJulia Domna
Stobi, Macedonia
2 assaria
Obv. Dr bust r, IVLIA - AVGV[STA] round.
Rev. Nike walking l, palm over l shoulder, wreath in raised r hand, wheel at her feet, MVNICI STO - BEN round.
5.57 gm, 23 mm
Cohen IV 266-267, BMCG 8
1 commentsManzikert
r955.jpg
85 viewsJulia Domna
Stobi, Macedonia
2 assaria
Obv. Dr bust r, IVLIA - AVGVSTA round.
Rev. Nike walking r, palm over l shoulder, wreath in raised r hand, MVNIC - S - TOBEN round
6.05 gm, 23 mm
Cohen IV 269, SNG Cop 332, Josifovski 212, same dies (V63, R68), citing Vienna 9885 [from whitetd49]
2 commentsManzikert
ELIOGABA-3.jpg
36 viewsElagabalus - Dupondius - 220 AD
Ob.: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS PIVS AVG; Radiate and draped bust right
Rev. P M TR P III COS III P P S C; Sol walking left, holds a whip. A star in the left field.
gs. 11,1 mm. 23,4 Rare
Cohen 159, RIC 301, Sear RCV 7588
Maxentius
COMMODUS-1.jpg
33 viewsCommodus - Denarius - 181/182 . Mint of Rome
Ob.: M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG; Laureate head right
Rev.: TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P; Mars walking right, holds trophy and spear.
gs. 3,8 mm. 17,8
Cohen 821
Maxentius
Maximian-4.jpg
29 viewsMAXIMIANVS - Potin Tetradrachm - Year 3 - 289/290 AD
Ob.: Α Κ Μ Α ΟΥΑ ΜΑΞΙΜΙΑΝΟC CEB; laureate & draped bust right
Rev.: L Γ; Nike walking right holds wreath and palm
gs. 6,4 mm. 19,9
Milne 4818
Maxentius
DIOCLEZ-5.jpg
21 viewsDIOCLETIAN - Potin tetradrachm - Year 3 - 286/287
Ob.: A K Γ OYA DIOKLHTIANOC CEB; laureate and draped bust right
Rev.: ETOYC Γ; Nike walking right holds wreath and palm
gs. 7,8 mm 19,6
Milne 4857
Maxentius
DenGCesare-1.jpg
38 viewsC. IVLIVS CAESAR - Denarius - Mint in Africa - 47-46 B.C.
Ob.: Diademed head of Venus right
Rev.: Aeneas walking left, carrying Anchises and the Palladium. Behind CAESAR
gs. 3,6 mm 18,2
Cr458/1, Sear RCV 1402 Syd 1013.

Maxentius
DenLTiturioSabVittoria.jpg
15 viewsDenarius - 89 B.C. - Mint of Rome
L TITVRIVS L.f. SABINVS - Gens Tituria
Ob.: Bearded head of King Tatius right, SABIN behind
Rev.: Victory in biga right, bearing wreath, L TITVRI below, control mark in ex.
Gs. 3,9 mm. 16,6
Craw. 344/3, Sear RCV 253

Maxentius
india_elephant.jpg
75 viewsstruck under Tipu Sultan (1782 - 1799 n. Chr.)
uncertain mint in Mysore, India
10.95 g, 23 mm
Obv: Elephant walking left
Rev.: Tusk, symbol of ruler
areich
SEV ALEX-4~0.jpg
32 viewsSEVERVS ALEXANDER - Dupondius - 231/232 A.D. - Mint of Rome
Obv.: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, radiate head right
Rev.: IOVI PROPVGNATORI S C, Jupiter walking left, head right, holding thunderbolt.
Gs. 11,6 mm. 26,3
Cohen 81, RIC629
1 commentsMaxentius
TRAIAN-11.jpg
38 viewsTRAJAN - Quadrans - 98/117 AD.
Obv.IMP CAES NERVA TRAIANO AVG, laureate bust right
Rev.:she-wolf walking right, S C in ex.
Gs. 3,5 mm. 18
Cohen 338, RIC 691
Maxentius
DenQCecilioMetello.jpg
21 viewsDenarius - 130 BC. - Rome mint.
Q. CAECILIVS METELLVS - Gens Caecilia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right; Q. METE (in monogram) behind, * below chin
Rev.: Jupiter with thunderbolt & branch walking in quadriga right. ROMA in exergue.
Gs. 3,9 mm. 21,38x18,86
Craw. 256/1, Sear RCV 132, Grueber 1053

Maxentius
TETRIC2-1.jpg
22 viewsTETRICVS II - AE Antoninianus -251/253 AD.
Obv.: C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: SPES PVBLICA, Spes walking left holding flower in right and raising skirt with left.
Gs. 3,1 mm. 18,7
RIC 272, Cohen 97.
Maxentius
DenScauroIpseo.jpg
70 viewsDenarius - Denarius - 58 BC.
M. AEMILIVS SCAVRVS & P. PLAVTIVS HVPSAEVS - Gens Aemilia & Plautia
Obv.:M. SCAVR AED CVR - EX S C - REX ARETAS Nabatean king Aretas kneeling before camel, holding olive branch
Rev.: P HVPSAE AED CVR - CAPTV - C HVPSAE COS PREIVE, Jupiter in quadriga left holding thunderbolt and reins; scorpion to left.
Gs. 4,1 mm. 16,65x17,40
Cr422/1b, Sear RCV 379

1 commentsMaxentius
DenGiunioBruto.jpg
56 viewsDenarius - 54 BC. - Mint of Rome
MARCVS IUNIVS BRVTVS - Gens Iunia
Obv.: Head of Libertas right. LIBERTAS behind
Rev.: Consul L. Junius Brutus, between two lictors, preceeded by accensus, all walking left, BRVTVS in ex.
Gs. 3,5 mm. 20,73x18,56
Crawf. 433/1, Sear RCV 397, Grueber 3861.

1 commentsMaxentius
10239q00.jpg
82 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 88, VF, 2.24g, 18.4mm, 180o, Antioch mint, 330 - 335 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers, each holding spear and shield on ground, flanking two standards, SMANH in exareich
060808const_looking.jpg
42 views2 commentsScotvs Capitis
coin632.jpg
12 viewsSeleukid Kingdom AE21, 7.8 grm., BMC 65, 29
Antiochos VI minted in Antioch, Amphora
Coin #632
cars100
coin627.jpg
16 viewsSeleukid Kings of Syria, Demetrios III Eukairos, 97-87 BC.
Radiate, diademed and bearded head of Demetrios III, r / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ ΘΕΟΥ
/ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ, Nike advancing right, holding wreath and palm,
date below, Damaskos mint, HGC 9, 1309. Coin #627
cars100
coin625.jpg
21 viewsEdessa AE25 BMC 158 The Kingdom of Edessa,
Abgar X, 242-243 AD. AE25 of Edessa. Laureate,
draped & cuirassed bust of Gordian III rt., star before /
Draped bust of Abgar right, bearded, wearing a diaded
emed tiara, star behind. Coin #625
cars100
coin639.jpg
16 viewsSeleukid Kingdom Coin #639cars100
coin152.jpg
21 viewsValens AE3 DVM 46
Bust diad & cuir r. DN VALENS PF AVG / Rev
GLORIA ROMANORVM emp. Walking l, holding
Labarum & dragging captive. Coin #152

cars100
Byzantine_follis.JPG
224 views
An Anonymous Follis Class A 2 coin, type 21
Obverse: Christ facing, holding book of gospels IC to left XC to rightEmmanovha IC XC (God with us)
Reverse: +IhSYS XRISTYS bASILEY bASILE (Jesus Christ, King of Kings)
Sear attributes it to the joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII 1020-1028 AD
Grierson in DOC says Romanus III and into Michael IV's
1 commentsJon the Lecturer
Philip_1_Lion_Ruby_A.jpg
69 viewsPHILIP I, AD 244-249, AR Antoninianus minted at Rome,
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG Radiate, cuirassed and draped bust right of Philip I
Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG Lion walking right I in exergue. 22.5mm. RIC 12; C. 173.
Ex Superior Ruby Part 2 Sale, June 17 through 22, 1974, lot 1045.
Ex. Dr. Charles L. Ruby Collection
Ex. Dr. Paul Rynearson

Note: The Ruby collection was purchase in 1971 by Superior Galleries for $1,000,000 and sold in three auctions. This coin was sold in auction two of the three auctions. This coin is pictured in the catalog and sold for $65.00.
paul1888
L__Valerius_108_107_BC_AR_denarius_new.jpg
55 viewsL. Valerius Flaccus 108-107 BC AR denarius (3.51 grams), Obverse: Winged, draped bust of Victory right, mark of value XVI in monogram before
Reverse: L VALERI FLACCI, helmeted, nude Mars walking left, holding spear in right hand and trophy over left shoulder, flamen's cap before, grain ear behind.
Ex: Freeman and Sear purchased May 12, 2005
1 commentspaul1888
Philip_I_Pax1.jpg
45 viewsROMAN EMPIRE: Philip I (AD 244-249). AR antoninianus (4.70 gm). Rome, AD 244-247. IMP C M IVL PHILIPPVS P F AVG, laureate, draped bust of Philip I right / PAX AETERN, Pax walking left, holding branch raised in right hand, transverse scepter cradled in left arm. RIC 41. RSC 102.
Ex. Freeman and Sear; Ex A. Lynn Collection; Ex CNG store (Stock # 251092)
1 commentspaul1888
Urbs_gloria.jpg
25 viewsThe seller identified this as from Trier, but now that I see the mintmark a bit clearer, I am thinking maybe it's an official issue from Heraclea?Matthew W2
edward_III.jpg
45 viewsEdward III Groat; Pre-Treaty Period; 1356 to 1361

Edward III - Born: November 13, 1312 – Died: June 21, 1377; was Kind of England from February 1, 1327 to June 21, 1377. He was considered one of the most successful kinds of the middle ages and rebuilt the military into an international military power. His reign occurred directly after the reign of his father, Edward II, who was not considered a successful king.
1 commentspaul1888
Philip_I_antelope_gorny.jpg
38 viewsPhilip I, AR Antoninianus, 248, Rome, Officina 6
IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
SAECVLARES AVGG
Antelope walking left
UI in exergue
4.69g
RIC IV, Part III, 21 (C)
Ex: Gorny & Mosch auction 196, lot 2867
Note horns at about a 45 degree angle
paul1888
EDWARD-III-KING-ENGLAND.JPG
1 views*Alex
Copy_of_severus-alexander_ae-sestertius_quadriga_02.jpg
16 viewsSeverus Alexander
Ancient Rome
Emperor Severus Alexander(222 - 232 AD) AE (Bronze) Sestertius
Struck at the Rome Mint in AD 229 - 230.

obv: IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG - Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.

rev: P M TR P VIII COS III P P - Emperor riding in quadriga right holding eagle tipped sceptre in one hand and holding the reigns in the other.
'SC' below, in exergue.

Weight: 21 Grams
Size: 32 mm - 33 mm

References: Cohen 377, RIC 495
-----------------------

~*~I will most likely be taking this coin out of it's plastic prison soon. I will post more pics after doing so.~*~
rexesq
vespasian_denarius_sow_right_facing.jpg
84 viewsVESPASIAN. 69-79 AD. AR Denarius (19mm - 3.53 g). Rome mint. Struck 77-8 AD. CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right / IMP XIX, Sow walking left with three piglets. RIC II 982; BMCRE 212; RSC 213.3 commentspaul1888
Philip__VI.jpg
27 viewsPhilip I, AR Antoninianus, 248, Rome, Officina 6
IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
SAECVLARES AVGG
Antelope walking left
UI in exergue
22mm x 24mm, 4.09g
RIC IV, Part III, 21 (C)
paul1888
Pseudo_Rhodian.jpg
92 viewsMacedonian Kingdom, Perseus, 179 - 168 B.C., Pseudo-Rhodian Coinage; Silver drachm, Ashton Pseudo-Rhodian Mainland pp. 29 - 30, Larissa Hoard p. 241 (N. Greece), SNG Keckman 793 - 795 (Thessaly), SNG Cop suppl. 358 (Peraea Rodia), EF, rose toning on luster, uncertain Thessaly mint, weight 2.675g, maximum diameter 16.8mm, die axis 180o, magistrate Hermias, c. 171 - 170 B.C.; obverse head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse ERMIAS (magistrate), rose, with bud right, I - W flanking stem

Ex: Forum (coin and picture)
6 commentspaul1888
gallienvs.jpg
28 viewsRIC 180 Gallienus Billon Antoninianus. 157-158 A.D. IMP GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right / DIANAE CONS AVG, antelope walking right. G, V or X in ex, or no mintmark. RSC 163.
1 commentsPatrick O3
adadd.jpg
24 viewsCeltic, Bastarnae Tribe, Thrace, c. 220 - 160 B.C., Imitative of Macedonian Kingdom Type

The Bastarnae were an important ancient people of uncertain, but probably mixed Germanic-Celtic-Sarmatian, ethnic origin, who lived between the Danube and the Dnieper (Strabo, Geography, VII, 3,17) during the last centuries B.C. and early centuries A.D. The etymology of their name is uncertain, but may mean 'mixed-bloods' (compare 'bastard'), as opposed to their neighbours the East Germanic Scirii, the 'clean-' or 'pure-bloods.'

32899. Bronze AE 16, imitative of SNG Cop 1299 (Macedonian Kingdom, time of Philip V and Perseus, 221 - 168 B.C.), Fair/Fine, 2.168g, 16.3mm, obverse Celtic-style bust of river-god Strymon right; reverse Trident
Patrick O3
Philip_II.jpg
32 viewsMacedonian Kingdom, Philip II, 359 - 336 B.C. Obv. Diademed head of Apollo right. Rev. ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, nude young male rider on horse prancing right.Lee S
TAMAR_IRREGULAR_COINAGE.jpg
60 viewsGEORGIAN KINGDOM, QUEEN TAMAR (1184-1213 AD) Irregular copper coin. Obv.: Geometric designs, with legends in Georgian; including name T'amar. Rev.: Legends in Arabic letters. dpaul7
TAMAR___DAVIT_Regular_Coinage.jpg
75 viewsGEORGIAN KINGDOM, QUEEN TAMAR, (1184-1213 AD) K'ORONIKON, 420 = 1200 AD; Obv.: Bagratid royal emblem in the form of a standard, to left and right: Initials for T'amar and David; in the corners, Georgian date formula, K'K Ví K (420 of the Paschal cycle = AD 1200). Two Counterstamps. Rev.: Christian inscriptions in arabic script, which reads: 1st line: Malekat al-Malekaat(s) / 2nd line Jellal Al-Dunya Wal Din / 3rd line : Tamar Ibnat Kurki / 4th line : Zahir Al-Massih. Translation: Queen of Queens Glory of the World and Faith T'amar daughter of Giorgi Champion of the Messiah. Reference: LANG # 11.

Reverse inscriptions read :
ملكة الملكات
جلال الدنيا و الدين
تمار ابنة كوركى
ظهير المسيح
dpaul7
severus_alexander_ric_IVb_225.jpg
21 viewsSEVERUS ALEXANDER
Denarius
19.3 mm, 3.1 grams

OBV: IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate head right
REV: VIRTVS AVG, Emperor in military dress, walking right, carrying spear and trophy.
RIC-IVb-225
ziggy9
severus_alexander_ric_IVb_648.jpg
25 viewsSEVERUS ALEXANDER
Sestertius
30.5 mm, 21.9 grams

OBV: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate head right.
REV: SPES PVPLICA, Spes walking left holding flower and raising skirt.
S-C in field
RIC-IVb-648
ziggy9
Philip_I_antelope_UI_45.jpg
46 viewsPhilip I, AR Antoninianus, 248, Rome, Officina 6
IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
SAECVLARES AVGG
Antelope walking left
UI in exergue
4.69g
RIC IV, Part III, 21 (C)
Ex: Gorny & Mosch auction 196, lot 2867
Note horns at about a 45 degree angle
1 commentspaul1888
AJB_92.JPG
173 viewsA cabinet I built for a collector, featuring 18 trays and locking doors.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
1 commentscmcdon0923
Eion.jpg
73 viewsMacedon, Eion, trihemiobol, 5th century BC, goose standing right, head looking back; above, lizard, rev., quadripartite incuse square, 0.77g

Boston 610; K. Regling, Die Griechischen Munzen der Sammlung Warren, Berlin, 1906, 569 ; SNG ANS 274ff.

Provenance:
Ex: Morton and Eden Ltd, In association with Sotheby’s; A Collection of Exceptional Greek Coins, Catalog 51, Monday, October 24, 2011, lot 85
Ex: Numismatic Fine Arts VIII, 6 June 1980, lot 97
Ex: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Collection (accession number 04.667). Published: Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1955; 610 (this coin),
Ex: Edward Perry Warren collection; Published: Die Griechischen Munzen der Sammlung Warren, Berlin, 1906, 569 (this coin).
Ex: Canon Greenwell Collection


Note: Cannon Greenwell, a well-known Durham antiquarian, sold for Ł11.000 |$55.000) his fine collection of Greek coins to Edward Perry Warren in 1901.
Source: Los Angeles Herald, Volume XXVIII, Number 323, 19 August 1901, Page 7
4 commentspaul1888
XP_004.JPG
131 viewsAn 18 tray cabinet with locking doors, built to hold a collection of ancients.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Denarius_111-110.jpg
15 viewsDenarius
Appius Claudius Pulcher, T Manlius Mancinus & Q Urbinus
Mint: Rome
111-110 BCE

Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma, right; behind, mark (circle within a triangle); border of dots
Reverse: Victory in triga right, holding reins in both hands, one horse looking back; AP CL T MAL Q VR in exergue; border of dots

Crawford (RRC) 299/1a
Sydenham 570
RSC I Mallia 1
SRCV I 176
Shea B
R790_022502_GK.JPG
19 viewsRIC 790; Alföldi type 85, n° 1; Siscia. Bust type C. Denomination: Antoninianus.

OBV.: IMP PROBVS INV AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back.
REV.: SPES AVG N
Spes walking left, holding flower and raising robe.

Mintmark: // XXI

Weight: ?
vrtsprb
image00075.jpg
11 viewsParthian Kingdom. Vologases IV . A.D. 147-191. Ć 18 Dichalkon (17.89 mm, 3.53 g, 12 h). struck A.D. 154. Bust of Volgases IV facing with long, tapered beard, end cut square; wearing tiara with hooks on crest, horn on side and long, curved earflaps; to right, Seleucid date (= SE 466 = A.D. 154) / Nike seated left on column; palm in left field. Sellwood ICP 84.142; Shore --. VF, tan patina with greenish encrustation in recesses, edge split. Quant.Geek
NEPAL_-_1_PAISA_-_KING_PRITHVI_VIR_VIKRAM_-_COPPER_COIN0.jpg
17 viewsAntonivs Protti
ANCIENT_INDIA_-_KAKANI_COIN_OF_SUNGA_KINGDOM_-_CAST_COPPER_COIN_-_2_82gm0.jpg
9 viewsAntonivs Protti
MUGHAL_KING_-_AKBAR_-_COPPER_DAM_-_20_24gm_-_RARE00.jpg
11 viewsAntonivs Protti
MUGHAL_KING_-_AKBAR_-_COPPER_DAM_-_20_24gm_-_RARE.jpg
14 viewsAntonivs Protti
MUGHAL_KING_-_AKBAR_-_COPPER_DAM_-_20_52gm_-00.jpg
12 viewsAntonivs Protti
MUGHAL_KING_-_AKBAR_-_COPPER_DAM_-_20_52gm_-.jpg
13 viewsAntonivs Protti
MUGHAL_KING_-_AKBAR_-_COPPER_DAM_-_20_04gm_-_RAR0.jpg
10 viewsAntonivs Protti
MUGHAL_KING_-_AKBAR_-_COPPER_DAM_-_20_63gm_-_RARE0.jpg
15 viewsAntonivs Protti
MUGHAL_KING_-_AKBAR_-_COPPER_DAM_-_20_63gm_-_RARE.jpg
19 viewsAntonivs Protti
Pseudo_Rhodian_Drachm.jpg
32 viewsMacedonian Kingdom. Perseus. 179-168 B.C. AR drachm (15 mm, 2.60 g, 12 h). ca. 171/0 B.C. Aristokrates, magistrate. Head of Helios facing slightly right / P-O, rose with bud to left; in left field, club; above, magistrate's name: [ΑΡΙ]ΣΤΟΚΡΑΤΗΣ. R. J. H. Ashton, ""Clubs, Thunderbolts, Torches, Stars and Caducei: more Pseudo-Rhodian Drachms from Mainland Greece and the Islands,"" NC 162 (2002), 17 (A6/P5; this coin). Toned. Very fine.
Ex Naville V (18 June 1923), 2669. British Museum Duplicate, Ex: British Museum


The Pseudo-Rhodian drachms were struck, probably by the Macedonians under Perseus but possibly by the Romans, to pay for Mercenaries from Crete and Rhodes who would have been familiar with Rhodian coinage. The coins in the name of the magistrate Aristokrates with the club symbol in the field is the largest known individual issue of pseudo-Rhodian drachms from the Third Macedonian War, and used at least twenty-nine obverse dies.
paul1888
ALEXANDER_III_MONUMENT,_KINGHORN,_FIFE.JPG
4 views*Alex
4170540A.jpg
9 viewsSRI LANKA (CEYLON), Native coinages. Kingdom of Ruhuna. Circa 3rd century BC–1st century AD. Lot of two (2) terracotta tokens. All coins: circular terracotta pieces incised with four lines at 90 degree angles on either side. (20mm, 2.43 g) and (16.5mm, 1.88 g). Ruhana N.13. Quant.Geek
4170540B.jpg
12 viewsSRI LANKA (CEYLON), Native coinages. Kingdom of Ruhuna. Circa 3rd century BC–1st century AD. Lot of two (2) terracotta tokens. All coins: circular terracotta pieces incised with four lines at 90 degree angles on either side. (20mm, 2.43 g) and (16.5mm, 1.88 g). Ruhana N.13. Quant.Geek
4170542.jpg
12 viewsSRI LANKA (CEYLON), Native coinages. Kingdom of Ruhuna. Circa 2nd century BC–2nd century AD. Ć 'Lakshmi plaque' (9.5x14.5mm, 1.18 g). Goddess standing facing, holding lotus and two stalks / [Railed swastika]. Ruhuna H.48; cf. MACW 5048ffQuant.Geek
4170541.jpg
15 viewsSRI LANKA (CEYLON), Native coinages. Kingdom of Ruhuna. Circa 2nd century BC–2nd century AD. Ć 'Lakshmi plaque' (11x22mm, 2.84 g, 6h). Goddess standing facing, holding lotus and two stalks / Railed swastika. Ruhuna H.40; cf. MACW 5048ffQuant.Geek
Philip_I_antelope_right_VI_june_22_2018.jpg
25 viewsSilver antoninianus, RIC IV 22 (R2), RSC IV 188, SRCV III 8959 var. (antelope left), Hunter III 48 var. (same), Choice aEF, excellent centering on a broad flan, excellent portrait, light toning, some luster, strike slightly soft/flat, some die wear, 6th officina, Rome mint, weight 4.402g, maximum diameter 23.8mm, die axis 0o, 248 A.D.; obverse IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SAECVLARES AVGG, antelope walking right, VI in exergue; very rare with antelope right (only two on Coin Archives and one sold for $700!; ex Beast Coins; Ex Forum coin and picture1 commentspaul1888
a2.png
16 viewsObv: Athena.
Rev: Gorgon facing sticking out tongue.
10mm. and 0.9gm.
ancientone
KING_HENRY_V.JPG
2 views*Alex
KING_EDWARD_IV.JPG
2 views*Alex
KING_HENRY_VII.JPG
6 views*Alex
100_3660.jpg
28 viewsAn 18 tray cabinet with brushed nickel finish hardware and locking doors. The collector specifically requested no felts in the trays, as he was going to look into a custom material for lining them.

CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
gaul.jpg
29 viewsC. 200-49 BC

Obverse: Bust of Artemis right, monogram before.

Reverse: Lion walking right, MAΣΣA above.

Grey tone with a nice portrait and good metal. – Old collection ticket included.

Ref: SNG Cop 786

Weight: 2.54g

17mm
3 commentspaul1888
dm2944.jpg
18 viewsRoman looking AE20 with Pietas reverse. Uncertain late Roman imitative coin. 4.65g.
David C13
KING_JOHN_TOMB_EFFIGY.JPG
0 views*Alex
Augustus_REX_PTOL.jpg
2 Augustus and Ptolemy, King of Mauretania 28 viewsĆ Semis, Carthago Nova, Spain
C. Laetilius Apalus and Ptolemy, duoviri.

Bare head of Augustus right / Name and titles of the duoviri around diadem, REX PTOL inside

RPC 172; SNG Copenhagen 494

Ptolemy of Mauretania (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος, Latin: Ptolemaeus, 1 BC-40) was the son of Juba II and Cleopatra Selene and the grandson of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony. He was the last Roman client King of Mauretania, and the last of the Ptolemy line.
1 commentsSosius
Claudius_Bosporus.jpg
5 Claudius and Agrippina27 viewsCLAUDIUS AND AGRIPPINA
Ć As, Bosporus (23mm, 6g)
Minted circa 50–54 AD by King Kotys I (46 – 63 AD)

TI KLAVDIOV KAICAPOC; Head of Claudius r.; "IB" below / IOVLIAN AGRIPPINAN CEBACTHN; Head of Agrippina l.; monogram "BAK" in field to l.

Anokhin # 348
RI0025
1 commentsSosius
Vindex_denarius.jpg
6.75 Revolt of Vindex54 viewsRevolt Against Nero, Gaius Iulius Vindex, Governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, c. Late 67 - May 68 A.D.

Struck by Gaius Iulius Vindex, the Roman governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, who rebelled against Nero's tax policy and declared allegiance to Galba, the governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, as the new emperor. Vindex was defeated and killed in battle near Vesontio (modern Besançon), but the military continued to support Galba. On 9 June 68, deserted by the Praetorian Guard, Nero stabbed himself in the throat.

Silver denarius, Unpublished, civil war restitution of Augustus, gF, porosity, marks, uncertain (Lugdunum?) mint, weight 3.167g, maximum diameter 19.0mm, die axis 180o, c. late 67 - May 68 A.D.; obverse CAESAR, bare head of Augustus right; reverse AVGVSTVS, young bull walking right, head turned facing; ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 6, lot 321; only two examples known to Forum

Purchased from FORVM
2 commentsSosius
rjb_car_62cf_01_06.jpg
62cf49 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “LEG II PARTH”
Centaur walking right holding rudder
London mint
-/-//ML
RIC - (62 cf)
mauseus
rjb_car_69_10_05.jpg
6956 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "LEG IIII FL"
Lion walking right, head turned to viewer
-/-//-
Unmerked London mint
RIC 69
mauseus
rjb_car_844.jpg
88cf118 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “MARS VICTOR”
Mars walking right holding spear with trophy over shoulder
Unmarked mint
-/-//[III]
RIC - (cf 88 & 844)
Reverse die duplicate of Normanby Hoard 1582 and 1583. Its is evident from the form of the mint mark (off flan on this specimen) that the die engraver was copying the reverse of a Lyon mint coin of Probus.
mauseus
anixk.jpg
Antiochus IX Kyzikenos14 viewsSeleukid Kings of Syria. Antiochos IX Eusebes Philopator (Kyzikenos) Ć18. Uncertain mint, probably in Phoenicia. Struck 112-101 BCE.
Obverse Winged bust of Eros right
Reverse: BASILEOS ANTIOCOU FILOPATOROS Nike advancing left, holding wreath; no controls or date visible. SC 2388; HGC 9, 1254; cf. DCA 300. 5.5g, 20.2mm,
sold 2-2018
NORMAN K
hsb2.jpg
CASTULO, HISPANIA ULTERIOR, C. 165 - 80 BCE20 viewsHeart shaped Bronze SNG Spain II 427 ff.; SNG BM Spain 1314ff.; SNG Loruchs 374; Sng Cop 209, Burgos 545;f, Castulo mint.
Obverse: diademed male head right, crescent before.
Reverse: helmeted sphinx walking right,star before, KASTILO in Iberic script below ex. 29.75 mm., 16.0 g.
NORMAN K
gal176b.jpg
Gallienus, RIC 176 Rome20 viewsGallienus, AE antoninianus
Obverse: IMP GALLIENVS radiate, bust right.
Reverse: DIANAE CONS AVG, doe running right and looking backwards.
Rome mint, 19 mm., 2.9 g.
NORMAN K
Silver_drachm_of_King_Kumaragupta_I_(414_-_455_AD),_Gupta_Empire.jpg
Silver drachm of King Kumaragupta I (414 - 455 AD), Gupta Empire32 viewsBust of king, right / Formalized Garuda standing facing with spread wings. In Brahmi:'Parama-bhagavata rajahiraja Sri Kumaragupta Mahendraditya'. 14 mm, 2.2 grams. Mitchiner ACW 4845 - 4854.Antonio Protti
RI_064sv_obva.JPG
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - error - obv16 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I - I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICITAS TEMPOR, grain ear between crossed cornucopiae / VICTOR SEVER AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE 347 note/ BMCRE 399. RIC 347A/RIC 428. RSC 141b/RSC 749

The reverse of this coin has been struck with two diffrerent reverse dies during the strking process. The coin was originally struck, not removed and then struck again with a different reverse die.
maridvnvm
Claudius_Cunetio_2296.jpg
1 Claudius II20 viewsCLAUDIUS II
AE Antoninianus
IMP CLAVDIVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust (small) right / SPES AVG, Spes walking left, holding flower and hitching robe, II in left field
Cunetio hoard 2296, Normanby hoard 1086
aVF/F, Rare
Sosius
Gordian_III_SNG_Levante_763.jpg
1 Gordian III18 viewsGordian III
AE 31mm of Seleucia ad Calycadnum, Cilicia

O: Radiate, draped, & cuirassed bust right [c/m: annulet within D]

R: Athena Alcidemus advancing right, attacking anguipede Giant, raising hands in defense.

C/m: Howgego 670.

SNG Levante 763
Sosius
Trajan_As_RIC_434.jpg
14 Trajan AE As17 viewsTRAJAN
AE As
IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM P M, laureate head right / TR POT COS IIII P P, Victory walking left, carrying shield inscribed S P/Q R.
Cohen 640, RIC 434
RI0113
Sosius
Trajan_RIC_402.jpg
14 Trajan AE As17 viewsTRAJAN
AE As. 98-99 AD.
IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM P M, laureate head right / T R POT COS II P P S-C, Victory walking left, holding palm-branch & shield inscribed SPQR.
Cohen 617, RIC 402
RI0124
Sosius
Trajan_BMC_62.jpg
14 Trajan AR Drachm of Caesarea20 viewsTRAJAN
AR Drachm of Bostra, Arabia
AVTOK P KAIC NEP TRAIAN CEB ΓEPM ΔAK, Laureate bust right, drapery over left shoulder (die crack on chin) / ΔHMAPX EΞΥΠATOC, Arabia standing facing, looking left, holding branch and bundle of cinnamon sticks, to left a camel
SNG ANS 1155
Thanks you FORVM member Benito for helping attribute this coin.
RI0114
Sosius
Trajan_Dupon_RIC_520.jpg
14 Trajan Dupondius17 viewsTRAJAN
Ć Dupondius, Struck ~103 AD.
IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, radiate bust right, drapery on far shoulder / S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, S C across field, Spes walking left, holding flower and raising skirt.
Sear 3222; RIC II 520; BMCRE 895; Cohen 461; Fine, reverse cleaning scratches
RI0121
Sosius
rjb_2014_01_03.jpg
180cf31 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVS....... ”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “VIRT[VS AVG]”
Mars walking right holding spear with trophy over shoulder
London mint
F/O//ML
RIC - (cf 180)
mauseus
rjb_car_dated_11_06.jpg
189bis43 viewsCarausius 287-93
Antoninianus
Obv"IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "PM TRP III CO[S PP]"
Lion walking left
Camulodunum mint?
-/-//XXI [?]
RIC - (189 bis)
Mint attribution made on the basis of the other (few) known dated coins. It may be that the mark on this coin is a variation of the MCXXI mark, recorded on a SAECVLARES AVG (lion walking right) coin of Carausius in the Vogelaar collection.
mauseus
rjb_car_193_6cf_05_06.jpg
193cf44 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "APOLLINI CON"
Griffin walking left
Camulodunum mint
-/-//MC
RIC - (cf 193-6)
mauseus
rjb_2010_04_02.jpg
19426 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "APO[LLINI CON]"
Griffin walking left
Camulodunum mint
-/-//MSC
RIC 194
mauseus
rjb_car_199_02_05.jpg
19934 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "COMES AVG"
Victory walking left
Camulodunum mint
C/-//-
RIC 199
mauseus
Philip_I_RIC_12.jpg
2 Philip I14 viewsPhilip I
AR Antoninianus. 4.08g

IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / SAECVLARES AVGG, lion walking right, I in ex.

RIC 12, RSC 173.
Sosius
Philip_I_RIC_19.jpg
2 Philip I8 viewsPHILIP I
AR Antoninianus, 244-9 AD, 4.2g

O: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG,
Radiate and draped bust right.


R: SAECVLARES AVGG, Stag walking right. “U“ in exergue.

RIC 19, VF

Coin commemorates the secular games held by Philip to celebrate the 1000th anniversary of the founding of Rome


Sosius
Philip_I_RIC_58_no_2.jpg
2 Philip I14 viewsPHILIP I
AR Antoninianus, 244-9 AD, 3.7g

O: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG,
Radiate and draped bust right.


R: AETERNITAS AVGG, Elephant walking left, ridden by mahout who guides it with goad and rod.


RIC 58, Sear 2552, VF

Coin commemorates the secular games held by Philip to celebrate the 1000th anniversary of the founding of Rome

Sosius
Trajan_Den_RIC_61v.jpg
2 Trajan Denarius13 viewsTRAJAN
AR Denarius. Struck 101-102 AD.

O: Laureate head right, slight drapery on left shoulder

R: Victory walking right, holding wreath & palm.

RSC 244a, RIC 61v
RI0118
Sosius
rjb_car_fratrescf198.jpg
202cf189 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "CARAVSIVS ET FRATRES SVI"
Jugate busts of Diocletian, Maximianus and Carausius left, Carausius holding spear over shoulder
Rev "COMES AVGGG"
Victory walking left holding wreath and branch
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 202-3)
An interesting variant of the bust type with the spear, compare with the jugate Carausius in the “Best of Type” gallery.
2 commentsmauseus
rjb_car_202cf_11_06.jpg
202cf69 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "COMES AVGGG"
Victory walking left holding wreath and branch
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 202)
1 commentsmauseus
Septimius_Sev_Sester_Elephant.jpg
24 Septimius Severus20 viewsSEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
AE Sestertius, Struck 196 AD

Bust of Severus right / Elephant walking right

BMCRE 602, Cohen 351
Sosius
rjb_car2_10_07~0.jpg
279cf47 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Antoninianus
Obv: "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: "MARS VICTOR"
Mars walking right holding spear with trophy over shoulder
Colchester mint
-/-//CXXI
RIC - (cf 279)
mauseus
rjb_car_04_08.jpg
341cf88 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG”
Radiate bust in imperial mantle left jugate with Sol
Rev “PAX AVGVSTI”
Pax walking left holding branch and sceptre
Camulodunum mint
-/-//CXXI
RIC - (cf 341)
1 commentsmauseus
Athalaric_BMC_Ostrogoths_67,_52.jpg
4. Athalaric, in name of Justinian22 viewsATHALARIC
Ostrogoth King of Rome, in name of Justinian
AE 4, Ravenna mint

O: IVSTI..., diademed and cuirassed bust of Justinian I right

R: Monogram of Athalaric in wreath

BMC Ostrogoths p. 67, 52

1 commentsSosius
rjb_claud_01_09.jpg
4126 viewsClaudius 41-54 AD
AE as
Obv "TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TRP PP"
Bare head left
Rev "SC"
Minerva walking right holding shield and spear
Rome mint
RIC 116
mauseus
rjb_car1_10_07.jpg
411cf33 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS.........."
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "SPES PVBL"
Spes walking left holding a flower
Camulodunum Mint
C/-//-
RIC - (cf 411)
mauseus
rjb_2011_07_07.jpg
411cf24 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "SPES PVBLI"
Spes walking left holding a flower
Camulodunum Mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 411ff)
mauseus
rjb_car_413cf_11_06.jpg
413cf40 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF I AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "SPES PVBLICA"
Spes walking left holding a flower
Camulodunum Mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 413ff)
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_2010_01_65.jpg
424cf22 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Antoninianus
Obv: "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF INV AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: "VICTOR AVGGG"
Victory walking right holding wreath
Colchester mint
S/P//C
RIC - (424cf); Bourne (2009) -
mauseus
rjb_2014_09_07.jpg
42622 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv " IMP C M CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "VICTORIA AV"
Victory walking left, captive at feet
Camulodunum Mint
C/-//-
RIC 426
mauseus
rjb_car_429.jpg
42943 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv " IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "VICTORIA AVG"
Victory walking left, captive at feet
Camulodunum Mint
-/-//C
RIC 429
mauseus
rjb_car_465cf_09_05.jpg
465cf32 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP C CARAVSIVS P AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “MARTI PACIFER”
Mars walking left holding branch, spear and shield
Uncertain mint
S/C//-
RIC - (cf 465-6)
mauseus
rjb_car465cf_07_07.jpg
465cf35 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF I AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MARTI PACIFE"
Mars walking left holding branch, spear and shield
Uncertain mint
S/P//
RIC - (cf 465)
mauseus
rjb_2010_03_17.jpg
465cf26 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS P AVG"
Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev "MARTI PACIFE"
Mars walking left holding branch, spear and shield
Uncertain mint
S/C//
RIC - (cf 465)
mauseus
Marcus_Aurel_BI_Den.jpg
5 Marcus Aurelius 8 viewsMARCUS AURELIUS
BI Denarius

O: Bust right

R: Victory walking left

From an ancient forger's lot authenticated by David Sear

ex Ancient Treasures
RI0106
Sosius
rjb_car_522cf_03_05.jpg
522-3cf45 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS P AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "SPES PVBL"
Spes walking left holding flower
Unattributed mint
S/P//-
RIC - (cf 522-3)
mauseus
rjb_car_527_10_05.jpg
52734 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "VIRTVS AVG"
Mars walking right holding spear (and shield?)
S/C//-
Uncertain mint
RIC 527
mauseus
Constantine_RIC_131a.jpg
65 Constantine I21 viewsCONSTANTINE I
AE Follis, Ticinum Mint, 312/3 AD

O: CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust r.

R: SOLI INVI-C-TO COMITI, Sol st. r., looking left holding globe, P star T in ex.

RIC VI Ticinum 131a(var.)
Note: Mintmark of P star T is not recorded in RIC. RIC lists as PT.

Former cufflink coin

EF
Sosius
rjb_vit_02_06.jpg
69a82 viewsVitellius 69 AD
AR denarius
Lugdunum mint
Obv "A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN"
Laureate bust left
Rev "CONSENSVS EXERCITVVM"
Mars walking left
Lugdunum mint
RIC - (cf 51)
3.2 grammes, die axis 240 degrees
5 commentsmauseus
Carus_RIC_Rome_35_tflip.jpg
7 Carus16 viewsCARUS
AE Antoninianus, Rome Mint, 282-283 AD
IMP CM AVR CARVS PF AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust r. / AETERNIT IMPERI, Sol walking left, holding whip, right hand raised, AKA in ex.
RIC V-2, 35
Sosius
Gallienus_RIC_230_Panther.jpg
7 Gallienus38 viewsGALLIENUS
BI Antoninianus.
Sole reign, 253-268 AD

O: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate bust right

R: LIBERO P CONS AVG, panther walking left.

RIC 230, RSC 586; Sear 10281. aVF
Sosius
Gallienus_RIC_164_Centaur.jpg
7 Gallienus21 viewsGALLIENUS
AE Antoninianus, "Zoo Issue" - Centaur

GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head right / APOLLINI CONS AVG, Centaur walking left, one forefoot raised, globe in right hand, rudder (or trophy) over shoulder. H in exergue.


Sosius
rjb_2009_11_01.jpg
807cf22 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Antoninianus
Obv: "IMP CARAVSIVS [......]"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: "INVICTVS"
Sol walking left holding whip, star in left field
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 807 "INVICTVS AVG")
mauseus
rjb_car_844_replace.jpg
84437 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Antoninianus
Obv: "IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: "MARS VICTOR"
Mars walking right with spear and trophy
Unmarked mint
RIC 844
mauseus
rjb_car_871_02_05.jpg
871cf33 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "ORIENS AVG"
Sol walking left holding whip
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 871)
mauseus
rjb_car3_04_08.jpg
872bis34 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “PACATOR [ORBIS]”
Sol walking left raised hand and holding whip
Unmarked mint
RIC - (872 bis)
mauseus
rjb_2016_12_02.jpg
872bis10 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “PACATOR ORBIS”
Emperor walking right holding globe and transverse spear
Unmarked mint
RIC - (872 bis)
mauseus
Numerian_RIC_386.jpg
9 Numerian22 viewsNUMERIAN
Silvered Antoninianus, Lyons Mint
IMP CM AVR NVMERIANVS AVG, Radiate bust r. / MARS VICTOR, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy, retrograde C in r. field.
Lyons RIC V-2, 386, gVF fully silvered
Would clean up beautifully if I had the courage!
Sosius
rjb_p7_03_09.jpg
9217 viewsAE sestertius
Trier Mint
IMP C POSTVMVS PIVS F AVG
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
VICTORIA AVG SC
Victory walking left, captive at feet
Bastien 92
mauseus
rjb_car_978_01_06.jpg
97838 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “S(AECVLI F)ELICIT”
Emperor walking right holding spear and globe
Unmarked mint
RIC 978
mauseus
rjb_car_978_08_05.jpg
978cf25 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “SAECVLI FELIC”
Emperor walking right with spear and globe
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 978)
mauseus
rjb_2017_11_02.jpg
987 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD
AR quinarius
Obv "IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC"
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "PM TRP COS VI PP SPQR"
Victory walking right holding wreath and palm branch
Rome mint
RIC 351var, King 42 (4 ex), Strack 231
mauseus
rjb_p2_03_09.jpg
9927 viewsAE sestertius
Trier Mint
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
VICTORIA AVG
Victory walking left, captive at feet
Bastien 99c (obv. die duplicate)
1 commentsmauseus
Jannaeus_Pendant_1.jpg
Alexander Jannaeus Prutah Pendant32 viewsOBV:BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOΥ (of King Alexander),
around anchor
REV:star made of eight pellets surrounded by diadem
and possible inscription
Hendin 470, Meshorer TJC J11, Jerusalem mint
103 - 76 B.C.
Set in Silver Pendant
goldenancients
Alram_620_Unkn__King_II_Obole_B.jpg
Alram 620 Unknown King II Obol B27 viewsLoutre
Thessaly-Pseudo-Rhodian-drachm-091100-frame-temp.png
Ancient Greece (Thessaly), silver pseudo-Rhodian drachm struck by King Perseus of Macedon, ca. 175-170 BC26 views1 commentslordmarcovan
DSC01872.JPG
ANCIENT-INDIA-KAKANI-COIN-OF-SUNGA-KINGDOM-CAST-COPPER-COIN-2-31gm Ref..Mitchiner 4381.14 viewsObv - Elephant Left , Torion, Swastik Indradavaja
Rev - Three arched Hill, Hollow Cross, Torion, Tree Railing
Antonivs Protti
00-antiochosIII.jpg
Antiochus III AE109 viewsSNGIs 615v
Seleucid Kingdom,
Antiochus III AE10.
Diademed head right /
BASILEWS ANTIOXOY, elephant standing left.
xokleng
Antiochus_IX.jpg
Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C.24 viewsSeleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C. Ae 18. Weight 5.2g. Obv: Diademed head rt. Rev: Pallas Athena rt. holding shield and spear ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ. BMC 93.23
Antiochus IX Eusebes, ruler of the Greek Seleucid kingdom, was the son of Antiochus VII Sidetes and Cleopatra Thea. Upon the death of his father in Parthia and his uncle Demetrius II Nicator's return to power (129 BC), his mother sent him to Cyzicus on the Bosporus, thus giving him his nickname. He returned to Syria in 116 BC to claim the Seleucid throne from half-brother/cousin Antiochus VIII Grypus, with whom he eventually divided Syria. He was killed in battle by the son of Grypus, Seleucus VI Epiphanes in 96 BC.
ddwau
IMG_2850.JPG
Antonius pius caesarea maritima mint 85 viewsObv.: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.:COL PRIMA FL AVG CAESAR, Apollo, nude standing to front looking left holding in right bow (?) leaning with left on tripod-lebes which is encircled by serpent. Rare. Very fine.
1 commentsMaritima
1-apolonia-ceka_115.jpg
Apollonia - Ceka 115.24 viewsIllyria, Apollonia After 229 BC
AR Drachm.
TIMHN, Cow standing left, looking back at suckling calf, Gamma AK monogram below.
APOL DAMOFWNTOS around square with double stellate pattern.
xokleng
aurelian232.jpg
Aurelian RIC V 232var24 viewsAurelian Bronze Antoninianus
Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: PAX AVGVSTI, Pax walking left, holding olive branch and scepter. Star left, P right.
20.2 mm., 2.9 g.
NORMAN K
Baktria.jpg
Baktria22 viewsAlexander the Great's empire split into rival Hellenistic kingdoms ruled by his generals. The most far-flung part was Baktria, his conquests in what is today Afghanistan, western India and Pakistan. Greek settlers ruled over a much larger indigenous population. As centuries went by, this isolated outpost of Greek culture combined elements of both Greek and native traditions, oftentimes reflected in their bilingual coins. The main mints include Aď Khanoum, Bactra, and Pushkalavati.2 commentsChristian T
Baktria,_Diodotos_I,_AR_tetradrachm_-_Holt_A6_4_(this_coin)~0.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Diodotos I, ca. 255/250-240 BC, AR Tetradrachm 24 viewsDiademed head of Diodotos I right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY Zeus advancing left hurling thunderbolt, eagle at feet, ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta, Sampi) monogram in inner left field.

Holt A6.4 (this coin); Kritt A6 (plate 2 A6 this coin); CSE 1294 (this coin); SNG Lockett 3109 (this coin ID: SNGuk_0300_3109); Pozzi 2945 (this coin); ESM 717α (this coin); SNG ANS 77; SC 631.a; Bopearachchi 2E; Mitchiner 64d; Qunduz 6; HGC 9, 243.
Mint "A" - Ai Khanoum

(26 mm, 15.73 g, 6h).
Herakles Numismatics; ex- Houghton Collection (CSE 1294); ex- Lockett Collection (SNGLockett 3109); ex- Pozzi Collection: Naville Sale I (1921) 2945 (sold for CHF 35).

This coin has a very distinguished provenance and has been published as plate coin in four reference works.

The emission with the ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta Sampi) mint control mark is the most abundant of the Diodotid issues, representing about 13% of known Diodotid precious metal coins. The same control carries over into the early coinage of Euthydemos, although eventually displaced by the PK control monogram after 208/6 BC when Antiochos III captured Ai Khanoum while Euthydemos remained besieged at Baktra, after which it appears that Baktra/Balkh assumed the role of primary royal mint in Baktria. In is notable that the Archaic Greek letter Sampi forms the bottom of the ΙΔΤ monogram. It is an Archaic Greek form of a double Sigma that persisted in Greek dialects of Asia Minor. Many Greek settlers from Asia Minor migrated to Baktria, including the illustrious ruler Euthydemos from Magnesia in either Lydia, or Ionia. The archaic Greek Sampi possibly traveled to Baktria with the earliest Greek settlers from Asia Minor.
n.igma
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C POBLICIUS Q F. 80 BC90 viewsHelmeted bust of Roma right / Hercules strangling the Nemean lion; bow and quiver at left; club below. Cr. 380/1.

POBLICIA, a plebian family, but of consular rank. Its cognomen on coins is Malleolus. There are fifteen varieties, all of silver, on some of which a small hammer or mallett is engraved, evidently alluding to the surname Malleolus.

The first of Heracles' twelve labours, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin) was to slay the Nemean lion.

According to one version of the myth, the Nemean lion took women as hostages to its lair in a cave near Nemea, luring warriors from nearby towns to save the damsel in distress. After entering the cave, the warrior would see the woman (usually feigning injury) and rush to her side. Once he was close, the woman would turn into a lion and kill the warrior, devouring his remains and giving the bones to Hades.

Heracles wandered the area until he came to the town of Cleonae. There he met a boy who said that if Heracles slew the Nemean lion and returned alive within 30 days, the town would sacrifice a lion to Zeus; but if he did not return within 30 days or he died, the boy would sacrifice himself to Zeus.[3] Another version claims that he met Molorchos, a shepherd who had lost his son to the lion, saying that if he came back within 30 days, a ram would be sacrificed to Zeus. If he did not return within 30 days, it would be sacrificed to the dead Heracles as a mourning offering.

While searching for the lion, Heracles fetched some arrows to use against it, not knowing that its golden fur was impenetrable; when he found and shot the lion and firing at it with his bow, he discovered the fur's protective property when the arrow bounced harmlessly off the creature's thigh. After some time, Heracles made the lion return to his cave. The cave had two entrances, one of which Heracles blocked; he then entered the other. In those dark and close quarters, Heracles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. Others say that he shot arrows at it, eventually shooting it in the unarmoured mouth.

After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. He then tried sharpening the knife with a stone and even tried with the stone itself. Finally, Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told Heracles to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.

When he returned on the thirtieth day carrying the carcass of the lion on his shoulders, King Eurystheus was amazed and terrified. Eurystheus forbade him ever again to enter the city; in future he was to display the fruits of his labours outside the city gates. Eurystheus warned him that the tasks set for him would become increasingly difficult. He then sent Heracles off to complete his next quest, which was to destroy the Lernaean hydra.

The Nemean lion's coat was impervious to the elements and all but the most powerful weapons. Others say that Heracles' armour was, in fact, the hide of the lion of Cithaeron.
ecoli
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Corinthia, AR. stater36 viewsPegsi 453 / SNG Cop. 98 / 375-300 BC
obv: Helmeted hd. of Athena l. Delta-I flanking behind Artemis
Pospheres adv. l.
rev: Pegasos flying l.
1 commentshill132
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Demetrios II Nikator, Second reign, 129-125 BC. Silver tetradrachm. Tyre.43 viewsObv: Diademed head of king right.
Rev: Eagle standing on prow left, with palm branch, club surmounted by monogram and monogram in inner left field, two monograms in inner right field, monogram between legs.
References: SC 2195.5b. Newell 179. Hoover 1122.
28 mm, 13,23 g.
1 commentsCanaan
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Demetrios Poliorketes 306-283 BC28 viewsMacedonia Kingdom Demetrios Poliorketes 306-283 BC

Obverse: Head of Demetrios right wearing crested Corinthian helmet

Reverse: Prow of galley right, BA above, monogram beneath
(SNG Cop. 1194) - VF/XF...

AE15 Salamis, 3.72 gm.
Macedonian Warrior
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ENGLAND, NORMAN, Stephen (1135-1154), Silver Penny, Watford type .33 viewsENGLAND, NORMAN, Stephen (1135-1154), Silver Penny, Watford type .
Mint and moneyer uncertain . 1.0 gr
Crowned and diademed bust of king right, holding sceptre in his right hand .
Cross moline, with a fleur each angle .
North 873; SCBC 1278
Vladislav D
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England: silver Short Cross penny of King John (1199-1216), struck in the name of Henry II, ca. 1205-120740 viewslordmarcovan
Postumus_RIC_Lyon_77.jpg
Gallic 1 Postumus12 viewsPOSTUMUS
AR Antoninianus, Lyons Mint
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust r. / ORIENS AVG, Sol walking l., holding whip, r. hand raised
RIC V-II Lyons 77; Sear (1988) 3118


Sosius
Aureolus_RIC_Milan_388.jpg
Gallic 1.5 Aureolus11 viewsAUREOLUS
Rebel general, in name of Postumus
AE Antoninianus, Milan Mint
IMP POSTVMVS AVG, Radiate, draped bust r. / VIRTVS EQVIT, Virtus walking right, carrying spear and shield, T in exergue
RIC V-II Milan 388,;de Witte 363; Sear (1988) 3135
Sosius
Tetricus_II_RIC_270.jpg
Gallic 5.5 Tetricus II17 viewsTETRICUS II
AE Antoninianus.
C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate, draped bust right / SPES AVGG, Spes walking left, holding flower and raising skirt.
RIC 270, Cohen 87
Sosius
gal181.jpg
Gallienus, RIC 181 Rome19 viewsGallienus, AE antoninianus
Obverse: GALLIENVS, radiate, bust right.
Reverse:DIANAE CONS AVG, antelope walking right.
XI in ex. Rome mint, 17.2mm., 2.6 g.
NORMAN K
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Gordian III, The Kingdom of Edessa,33 viewsThe Kingdom of Edessa, Abgar X, 242-243 AD. AE25 of Edessa. Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust of Gordian III rt., star before / Draped bust of Abgar right, bearded, wearing a diadedemed tiara, star behind. ecoli
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Gordian III; Edessa, The Kingdom of Edessa;22 viewsThe Kingdom of Edessa, Abgar X, 242-243 AD. AE25 of Edessa. Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust of Gordian III rt., star before / Draped bust of Abgar right, bearded, wearing a diadedemed tiara, star behind. ecoli
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Hemidrachm 404-390 BC. AR 10mm. 1.6grm18 viewsRhodes, Hemidrachm. 404-390 BC. 1.6Grm.
Obv. Head of Helios facing
Rev. P O Flanking rose within incuse square,
Ref. SNG Keck. 367 (Var)
Lee S
HieronII.jpg
Hieron II155 viewsHead of Poseidon left

ΙΕΡΩ-ΝΟΣ
ornamented trident, dolphins at sides

Bronze AE 20
6.96g, 20mm

Syracuse Sicily mint
270-215 BC

SNG Cop 856, SGCV I 1223?

Ex-ANE

Hieron II was tyrant and then king of Syracuse, c. 270 to 215 B.C. His rule brought 50 years of peace and prosperity, and Syracuse became one of the most renowned capitals of antiquity. He enlarged the theater and built an immense altar. The literary figure Theocritus and the philosopher Archimedes lived under his rule. After struggling against the Mamertini, he eventually allied with Rome.
1 commentsJay GT4
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Huszár 547, Pohl 89-7, Unger 432h, Réthy II 89A41 viewsLouis I (Lajos I, in Hun.) (1342-1382). AR denar, .49 g., 13.94 mm. max., .28 gr., 90°

Obv: + [MO]nETA LODOVICI, Saracen head left, pellets flanking.

Rev: + REGIS hVnGARIE, Patriarchal cross with random pellets.

The type was struck 1373-1382 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger, although Huszár later wrote that the Saracen-head coinage incepted in 1372). This privy mark was struck at Pécs by one of the Saracenus brothers, probably by Johannes, who took over the mint after the death of Jacobus (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.

The Saracen's head is a pun on the surname of Jacobus Saracenus (Szerechen, in Hun.) and his brother, Johannes, courtiers of Italian descent who were ennobled by Louis. The image of a Saracen's head appeared on their coat of arms. Jacobus became the kammergraf at the Pécs mint in 1352, and the Comes Camerarum Regalium in 1369. He died in the early 1370s, at which time Johannes succeeded him as kammergraf.
Stkp
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INDIA-Panchala-Kingdom-HALF-Karshapana-INDIRAMITRA-RARE-COIN-4-42gm 15 viewsObverse Lord Indra standing on a pedestal
Reverse Three Panchala symbols in a row, with name below in Brahmi script: Indramitrasa
Date c. 1st century BCE - 1st century CE (highly uncertain)
Weight 4.78 gm.
Diameter 16 mm.
Die axis 5 o'clock
Reference MAC 4539, Shrimali Type A
Comments The Panchala series is one of the most interesting of the ancient India coin series, because it is quite long and the kings are named on them. Unfortunately, we know very little about the chronology. The order of kings is not known and even the dates of the series are still debated. It appears the series belongs in the post-Mauryan period, but further details are still unavailable.

You can see a catalog of Panchala coins on the CoinIndia website.
Antonivs Protti
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INDIA-Panchala-Kingdom-HALF-Karshapana-INDIRAMITRA-RARE-COIN-4-6gm 13 viewsObverse Lord Indra standing on a pedestal
Reverse Three Panchala symbols in a row, with name below in Brahmi script: Indramitrasa
Date c. 1st century BCE - 1st century CE (highly uncertain)
Weight 4.78 gm.
Diameter 16 mm.
Die axis 5 o'clock
Reference MAC 4539, Shrimali Type A
Comments The Panchala series is one of the most interesting of the ancient India coin series, because it is quite long and the kings are named on them. Unfortunately, we know very little about the chronology. The order of kings is not known and even the dates of the series are still debated. It appears the series belongs in the post-Mauryan period, but further details are still unavailable.

You can see a catalog of Panchala coins on the CoinIndia website.
Antonivs Protti
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Judean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37-44 CE20 viewsBronze Prutah, Hendin 1244, Meshorer TJC 120
Jurusalem mint, 41-42 CE.
Obverse: AGRIPA BACILEOC (king Agrippa) umbrella-like canopy with fringes.
Reverse: Three heads of barley between two leaves, flanked by L-s (year 6)
17.0 mm., 2.12 g.
sold 1-2018
NORMAN K
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Julian II, RIC VIII 315 Rome22 viewsJulian II, AE, Rome.
Obverse: DN CL IVL IVLIANVS NC, bare-headed, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left, one kneeraised, spearing a fallen horseman who is looking left,reaching backwards, wearing Phrygian helmet.
Mintmark R dot M dot S. 16mm, 2.4 g.
NORMAN K
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Kingdom of Bithynia. Prusias II7 viewsAE22, 4.85 grams
228-149 BC.
Head of Dionysos right, wearing ivy-wreath
ΒΑΖΙΛΕΩΣ ΠΡΟYΣΙΟΥ, centaur Chiron walking right, playing lyre, monogram beneath leg
HGC 7, 629; Rec gén 26;
JBGood
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Kingdom of JERUSALEM. Struck during the siege of Jerusalem by Sibylla, Queen of Jerusalem and Balian of Ibelin in 1187 . Bi Denier .124 viewsKingdom of Jerusalem . Struck during the siege of Jerusalem by Sibylla, Queen of Jerusalem and Balian of Ibelin in 1187 . Bi Denier .
+ TVRRIS DAVIT (legend retrograde), Tower of David
+ SЄPVLChRVM DOMINI, view of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher
Slocum 288; cf. C.J. Sabine, “Numismatic iconography of the Tower of David and the Holy Sepulchre,” NC 1979, pl. 17, 3; N. du Quesne Bird, “Two deniers from Jerusalem, Jordan,” NumCirc LXXIII.5 (May 1965), p. 109; Metcalf, Crusades, p. 77; CCS 51.
Very Rare . Thirteen known example .
The Ernoul chronicle refers to Balian of Ibelin and the patriarch Heraclius of Jerusalem stripped the silver and gold edicule from the Church of the Holy Sepulcher for striking coins to pay those defending the city at it's last stand .
2 commentsVladislav D
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Kingdom of Macedon, Alexander the Great, 336-323 BC, AR obol.19 viewsKingdom of Macedon, Alexander the Great, 336-323 BC, AR obol.
Struck c. 336-323 BC, Head of Hecrules right, wearing
lion skin, knotted at base of neck. / Zeus, nude to waist, seated
left on ornate throne, holding eagle and scepter within dotted circle.
CANTANATRIX
Macedonian_Kingdom,_Alexander_III_The_Great,_AR_teradrachm_Amphipolis_Mint~0.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Alexander III the Great, 336-323 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Amphipolis Mint under Antipater88 viewsHead of Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress.
AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; janiform head vase in left field. Graffiti in upper left field - Aramaic kaph (k) and sadhe (s).

Price 6; Troxell, Studies, Issue A3; SNG Cop 660; Muller 853.
Struck at Amphipolis in the period 332-329 BC.

(29 mm, 17.15 g, 2h)

This is one of the first emissions of Alexander’s coinage struck in his homeland, albeit about three years after he departed for Asia Minor. Recent scholarship places the start of Alexander’s distinctive coinage in 333/2 BC at Tarsos, in eastern Asia Minor, shortly after which the design was transferred to Macedonia where Alexander’s coinage was struck under the authority of his regent in Greece, Antipater. Die studies indicate that this coin was from the fourth tetradrachm emission of a mint in Macedonia, most probably Amphipolis. It was most probably struck in the period 332-329 BC. The Aramaic graffiti on the reverse, plus the obverse reverse rim test cut are pointers to the likelihood that this coin travelled beyond its location of issue in Macedonia, into the eastern Mediterranean where Aramaic was the main spoken language.
3 commentsn.igma
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Kings of Syria,Seleukos II. AE 16 (4.6gm)16 viewsNewell,wsm 1661 / 246-226 BC
obv: bust of Athena helmeted
rev: nude Apollo std. l. holding arrows and bow
(glossy black and green patina)
hill132
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Kroisos, Lydia22 viewsLydian Kingdom. Kroisos. Ca. 564/53-550/39 B.C. AR 1/12 stater (7 mm, 0.80 g). Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion, on left, and bull, in right / Incuse square punch. Berk 26-7; SNG Kayhan 1020-1; Traité I 413. VF, toned.ecoli
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L. Titurius L. f. Sabinus AR Denarius174 viewsOBV: Bearded head of King Tatius r.; before, A; behind, SABIN.
REV: Rape of the Sabine women; in exegue, L. TITVRI.
Date: 89 BC
3.3g
RRC 698. CR 344/1a.

The Roman Republic L. Titurius L. f. Sabinus Denarius.
miffy
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Lysimachos Alexander the Great Portrait Coin122 viewsLysimachos, Portrait of Alexander the Great, Kingdon of Thrace, Silver tetradrachm, (Posthumous issue c. 280 - 200 BC), 16.675g, 30.6mm, die axis 0o, Müller 460, Thompson -, SNG Cop -, SNG UK -, uncertain mint,
OBV: Diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon
REV: BASILEWS LUSIMACOU, Athena enthroned left, holding Nike crowning name with wreath in right,
resting left arm on shield at side, transverse spear behind, bow case inner left

EX: Heritage Long Beach Signature Sale (18 Sep 2008), lot 20015; EX: Forum Ancient Coins
3 commentsRomanorvm
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Macedon9 viewsCoins of the ancient Greek cities and Kings of Macedon, and some celtic imitations thereof. Includes the Hellenistic kings of Macedon and Roman successors. Principal mints: Akanthos, Amphipolis and Pella. 1 commentsAnaximander
philip359.jpg
Macedonian Kingdom, Philip II, Father of Alexander the Great 359-336 BCE30 viewsBronze AE Unit, SNG ANS 934, nice VF, Macedonian mint, 6.328g,
17.4mm, 0°, c. 359 - 336 B.C.E.
Obverse: head Apollo right wearing taenia.
Reverse: ΦIΛIΠΠOΥ, young male rider
atop horse prancing to right, LO monogram below.
18.0 mm, 7.01 g.
Philip II expanded the size and influence of the Macedonian Kingdom,
but is perhaps best known as the father of Alexander the Great.
He personally selected the design of his coins.
NORMAN K
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Macedonian Kingdom: Philip III Arrhidaios (323-317 BCE) AR Drachm, Abydus (ADM II series VIII, 124-5)22 viewsObv: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
Rev: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ; Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on backless throne; right leg drawn back, feet on stool, eagle in right hand, scepter in left; branch upward in left field, horse leg left below throne
Dim: 17mm, 4.27 gm, 5h
Quant.Geek
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Mithradates II34 viewsParthian Kingdom, Mithradates II 123-88 BC, Drachm, 4.16g: Obv: Diademed bust of Mithradates left Rev: Archer seated right, legend around. Sellwood 27.1. Rhagae mint1 commentsecoli
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Phraates IV (38 -2 BC) AR Tetradrachm 286 SE /26 BC49 viewsObv: Phraates diademed and cuirassed bust left with long pointed beard - no royal wart on forehead.
Rev: The king enthroned r. being presented with a palm branch by Tyche, standing l. before him holding cornucopiae with pellet above arm. Seleucid date 286 (C Pi Sigma) above palm. Greek inscription in 7 lines BASILEOS/BASILEON; on r. ARSAKOY/EUERGETOY' below [DIKAOY]; on l. EPIPHANOUS/PHILELLANOS; month off flan below
Wt 14.1 gm, 26.3 mm, Sellwood type 55

The coin could be that of Tiridates I who also ruled for a few months in 26 BC. The features of the king on this coin are much closer to that of Phraates than of much rarer Tiridates I according to a reclassification of Sellwood types by deCallatay and this is the most believable. The lower lines of the inscription would also settle the issue but are lost on this coin.
Early coins of the Parthian empire showed strong Greek empahasis on classical Greek forms and humanism which is gradually lost as the empire matured and finally decayed. The coins become schematic and emphasize suface ornament rather than sculptural quality. One senses from the portrait of Phraates that brutality was a prerequisite for Parthian kings who routinely bumped off fathers and brothers in their rise to power. Like the Spartans, they had a powerful empire in their time but its contribution to civilization was limited in the long term.
1 commentsdaverino
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Ptolemaic Kingdom13 viewsHellenistic coinage of the Ptolemies, after Alexander the Great. Principal mints include Alexandria in Egypt, Paphos and Sidon in Cyprus, and Sidon and Tyre in Phoenicia. 1 commentsAnaximander
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Septimius Severus Denarius, RIC 46, RSC 311, BMC 84 16 viewsSeptimius Service Denarius. Struck 194-195 C.E.
Obverse - L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP IIII. Laureate head right.
Reverse - MARS PATER. Mars walking right, holding spear in right hand, Trophy over left shoulder.
17.5 mm., 3.3 g.
sold 3-2018
NORMAN K
Sicily_Gallery_h.jpg
Sicily24 viewsGreek colonies dotted the island of Sicily from about the mid-8th C. BC onward, sometimes conflicting with the native tribes (Sikels to the east, Sikanians in central Sicily, and Elymians to the west) and several Phoenician colonies. The largest issuance of coinage by the city-states often came amidst conflict among themselves and later arrivals, the Carthaginians and Romans. While Greek coin types and denominations predominated, the local litra and its fractions of onkiai survived down to the Roman conquest in 212 BC, when local striking withered. Major mints include Akragas, Gela, Himera, Kamarina, Katane, Leontini, Messene, Naxos, Segesta, Selinos, Syracuse, and the siculo-punic mints of Entella and Lilybaion.
2 commentsAnaximander
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Tetricus II, RIC 272 Colonia Agrippina, 273-274 CE.23 viewsAE Antonia Of Tetricus II as Caesar
Obverse: C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, draped and radiated bust right.
Reverse: SPES P VBLICA, Speas walking left, holding flower.
Mint (Koln) Colonia Agrippina RIC 272
Colonia20.8 mm., 3.1 g.
NORMAN K
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Theodosius I, RIC IX 26b Cyzicus20 viewsBronze AE4, 388-392 CE.
Obverse: D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: SALVS REIPBLICAE, Victory walking left, holding trophy and dragging captive. Chi-ro in left field
SMKB in ex. Cyzicus mint 13.5 mm, 1.4 g.
NORMAN K
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Tigress - Gallienus RIC VI 230190 viewsGallienus, Striped Tigress, AE Antoninianus. Rome mint, sole reign.
Obverse - GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right.
Reverse - LIBERO P CONS AVG, striped tigress walking left.
Mintmark R, Rome. 19.4 mm diam. 3.1 g
NORMAN K
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Time of Maximinus II10 viewsAnonymous
Antioch mint
IOVI CONSERVATORI
Jupiter seated left
VICTORIA AVGG
Victory walking left holding wreath
-/E//SMA
van Heesch 2
mauseus
coin526.jpg
Trajan AR Quinarius RIC 196.17 viewsRIC 196 Trajan AR Quinarius. 15mm, 1.15gr. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate head right / SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Victory walking right with wreath & palm. RSC 43.
Coin #526
cars100
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Xerxes II12 viewsAchaemenid Empire. Time of Darios I to Xerxes II, circa 485-420 BC. Siglos (Silver, 16 mm, 5.38 g), Sardes. Persian king or hero in kneeling/running stance to right, holding spear and bow. Rev. Incuse punch. Carradice Type IIIa/b. Beautifully toned. Very fine.arash p
00040x00.jpg
63 viewsROME. Claudius. AD 41-53.
Ć As (28mm, 11.64 g, 6 h). Official issue.
Iberian mint I, engraver A. Struck AD 41-circa 50.
Bare head left
Minerva advancing right, brandishing spear and holding round shield; S C flanking
RIC I -; Besombes & Barrandon pl. V, 2/3 (obv./rev.)
Ardatirion
00034x00.jpg
30 viewsROME
PB (?) Tessera (24mm, 5.89 g, 2 h)
· FELICIA, counterclockwise around shield (perhaps a 3rd century oval scutum?)
Bundle of thunderbolts, S C flanking
Unpublished

The metal appears too light for lead and is perhaps pewter or some other alloy. Until the metal content is scientifically analyzed and found to be similar to other ancient objects, I remain unconvinced of it's authenticity.
Ardatirion
00021x00~2.jpg
15 viewsROME
PB Tessera (23mm, 5.71 g, 12 h)
Basket
Two strigils; N P flanking
Rostovtsev –

Ex Agora 34 (9 June 2015), lot 151
Ardatirion
00008x00~4.jpg
11 viewsROME
PB Tessera (14mm, 1.40 g, 12h)
Cornucipia, C H flanking
Aedicula (or lighted altar?); S S flanking
Rostovtsew –

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
phallus1.JPG
45 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.92 g, 12 h)
Horse standing right; C above
Erect phallus; A V flanking
Rostovtsev -

Rostovtsev1 gathers into one group all tesserae depicting the phallus, various iterations of the word Amor, and the extremely rare pieces depicting sexual acts. He assumes that these pieces were entrance tickets to the Lupanaria, ancient brothels. This association has caused many scholars to refuse to accept tesserae as currency, as they feel that such crude themes would never have been depicted on currency. Thornton2, however, convincingly argues that, as Mercury is sometimes depicted as a herm, a statuary type consisting of a bust set on a square pedestal adorned with only genitalia, the phallus is in fact an emblem of the god in his guise as a fertility deity.


1. Rostovtzev, Mikhail. 1905. Römische Bleitesserae. Ed. C.F. Lehmann and E Kornemann. Beiträge z. Liepzig: Theodor Weicher.

2. Thornton, M. K. 1980. “The Roman Lead Tesserae : Observations on Two Historical Problems Author.” Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte 29 3: 341-3
1 commentsArdatirion
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36 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.97 g, 1h)
Man standing right, holding Victory in outstretched arm; P R (Populus Romanus) flanking
Two Aurae(?) standing facing, raising hands
Rostovtsev 1599

Ex Tom Vossen Collection
Ardatirion
00009x00~2.jpg
15 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.20 g, 6h)
[MAG M]INERVAL[ES M N]
Minerva or Roma standing left, holding globe and spear
Tablet (?); four styluses (?) above and below; N F flanking
Rostovtsew 876

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00005x00.jpg
24 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.15 g, 12 h)
Togate priest standing left, holding patera
Modius with three grain ears, A C flanking
Rostowzew 1571 var. (size, no modius)

AC may stand for “Antoninus Caesar”, thereby making the togate figure the emperor in the guise of Pontifex Maximus. The presence of a modius also suggests a relation to the annona, implying a reading of “Annona Caesaris.”
Ardatirion
DSC_0192.jpg
24 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 3.92 g, 12 h)
C O within wreath
Palm frond; N I flanking
Rostowzew – (but cf. 544 for reverse); Gemini V, lot 843b = Blanton, "A Selection of Lead Tesserae with Games Related Types," in NI Bulletin vol. 45, no. 9/10, p. 146-147
Ardatirion
00021x00~0.jpg
39 viewsTiberius. AD 14-37
Ć As (26mm, 9.14 g, 12 h)
Gaul? Imitating Rome mint issue struck AD 21-22
[TI CAESAR DIV]I AVG F AVGVST IMP [VII or VIII]
Bare head right
PONT[IF MAXIM TRIBVN] POTEST XXXIIII
Livia seated right, holding patera and long scepter; SC flanking
Cf. Cohen 19

The authors of RIC I do not recognize this type as being official. Cohen likely saw a similar imitation, assuming it to be an original mint issue.
1 commentsArdatirion
00008x00~2.jpg
15 viewsTHESSALY, Uncertain. Mid-late 4th century BC?
PB Tessera. By the Eurymenai/Atrax engraver?
Bearded head right
Schematic line (horse's leg right?)
Cf. BCD Thessaly 1024 and 1038 (for similar bearded heads)

From the BCD Collection

BCD suggests that these two matching specimens are the products of an itinerant engraver, who would have used similar lead strickings as a portfolio to present to the various polities of the region. They are not related to the comparatively more common lead pieces of Pherai (Rogers 287; BCD Thessaly I 1305).
Ardatirion
00007x00~2.jpg
16 viewsTHESSALY, Uncertain. Mid-late 4th century BC?
PB Tessera. By the Eurymenai/Atrax engraver?
Bearded head right
Schematic line (horse's leg right?)
Cf. BCD Thessaly 1024 and 1038 (for similar bearded heads)

From the BCD Collection

BCD suggests that these two matching specimens are the products of an itinerant engraver, who would have used similar lead strickings as a portfolio to present to the various polities of the region. They are not related to the comparatively more common lead pieces of Pherai (Rogers 287; BCD Thessaly I 1305).
Ardatirion
00033x00.jpg
32 viewsClaudius. AD 41-54.
Ć As (28mm, 10.67 g, 7 h). Western Europe. Cast circa AD 43-64.
Bare head left
Minerva advancing right, brandishing spear and holding round shield; S C flanking
Sutherland grade I
Ardatirion
00038x00.jpg
29 viewsClaudius. AD 41-53.
Ć As (23mm, 6.24 g, 7 h). Western Europe. Struck circa AD 43-64.
Bare head left
Minerva advancing right, brandishing spear and holding round shield; S C flanking
Sutherland grade III
Ardatirion
00039x00.jpg
23 viewsClaudius. AD 41-53.
Ć As (27mm, 9.39 g, 6 h). Western Europe (Spain?). Struck circa AD 43-64.
Bare head left
Minerva advancing right, brandishing spear and holding round shield; S C flanking
Sutherland grade IV

The style of this piece is reminiscent of earlier Spanish provincial issues.
Ardatirion
00027x00.jpg
35 viewsClaudius. AD 41-53
Ć As (26mm, 5.71 g, 4 h). Britain. Struck circa AD 43-64.
Bare head left
Minerva advancing right, brandishing spear and holding round shield; S C flanking
Sutherland grade IV

Found near Canterbury, Kent
1 commentsArdatirion
cross1.jpg
18 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.66 g)
Deeply punched cross shape with two additional annular punches
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç 153 (lacking the two annular punches)
Ardatirion
fortuna1.JPG
20 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (20mm, 7.10 g)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia; Λ O flanking
Blank
Cf. Gülbay & Kireç 45 (for obv.)
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Victory_tessera.JPG
32 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.8 g)
Victory advancing right, holding wreath, palm frond over shoulder; VM-NΩ flanking
Gülbay & Kireç 11-2 (same dies)
Ardatirion
00033x00~1.jpg
61 viewsIONIA, Ephesos.
PB Tessera (20mm, 5.41 g)
Oleiculture scene: male figure standing right, holding stick and knocking olives from tree to right; star and crescent between; behind, stag(?) standing left; [...]POV above
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç –

Scenes of the olive harvest are entirely unknown on coinage, but some mosaics and Greek vases illustrate the practice. See in particular an Attic black figure neck amphora in the British Museum (ABV, 273, 116) depicting two men using sticks to knock olives from a tree.
1 commentsArdatirion
pan1.jpg
27 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (12mm, 1.43 g)
Pan standing left, holding lagobolon in left hand, raising right; palm frond to right, leaf to left
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -

The lagobolon was a curved stick used for striking hares.
Ardatirion
_(KGrHqJ,!q!FCrzcNDbhBQz0,cFK0w~~60_35.JPG
41 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (16mm, 3.97 g)
Woman standing facing holding basket on head; MH-NO flanking
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç 48-50
1 commentsArdatirion
Retarrifed_Vespasian_as.jpg
105 viewsROME. Titus. As Caesar, AD 69-79.
Ć As (20mm, 9.84 g, 6 h)
Rome mint. Struck AD 77-78.
Retarrifed under by the Ostrogothic kingdom in Italy as 42 nummi, 6th century AD.
Laureate head left; XLII (= mark of value, 42 nummi) carved before bust
Spes standing left, holding flower and raising hem of skirt
For host coin:cf. RIC II 1101. For revaluation: cf. Morrisson, Re-use 19; cf. MEC 1, 76 (Vespasian)

Ex Giamba Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 82, 16 September 2009), lot 1139
3 commentsArdatirion
00003x00~3.jpg
72 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (30mm, 11.19 g, 6h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1837
· (rosette) · EXECUTIVE · (rosette) ·/ EXPERIMENT. Turtle walking right, bearing chest labelled SUB/ TREASURY; 1837/ FISCAL AGENT · (rosette) ·
ILLUSTRIOUS · (rosette) ·/ PREDECESSOR. Mule leaping left; above, I FOLLOW/ IN THE, below, STEPS/ OF MY
Rulau HT 32; Low 18
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00003x00~2.jpg
57 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (27mm, 6.59 g, 11 h)
Dies by Joseph B. Gardiner. Belleville (New Jersey) or Scoville mint. Struck 1840.
HENRY CLAY AND THE AMERICAN SYSTEM
Draped bust of Henry Clay right; IBG below
UNITED/ [WE]/ STAND within wreath
Rulau HT 79; Low 192

Rulau gives a struck date of 1840 for this issue, and assigns it to the Belleville mint. However, documentary evidence shows that Gardiner was by this time working at the Scoville mint in Waterbury, CT. Either the coin was struck prior to spring 1839, or it is an issue of the Scoville mint.
Ardatirion
DSC_0195.jpg
74 viewsINDONESIA, Kingdom of Srivijaya.
7th-13th centuries AD
Ć (17mm, 0.32 g).
Cirebon or Tegal area. Struck in the early 11th century
Xian Ping Yuan Bao in crude Hŕnzě
Blank
Zeno 124661


The kingdom of Srivijaya (San Fo Chi, in Chinese) apparently petitioned the Emperor Zhēnzōng of China, seeking protection from the Chola Kingdom and permission to strike coins. This type, known only from recent finds near Palembang, likely represents the earliest native coinage of that area.
1 commentsArdatirion
00064x00.jpg
29 viewsJAPAN, Imperial. Meiji Era.1868-1912
AV Ni Bu (13mm, 2.60 g, 12 h)
Edo mint. Struck 1868-1869
Two paulownia flowers; Ni Bu flanking
Mitsusugu
Hartill, Japanese 8.32b; JNDA 09-29

Acquired in the Philippines theater during World War Two.
Ardatirion
Asia_Minor_tessera.jpg
24 viewsUNCERTAIN EAST
Circa 300 BC - 100 AD?
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.79 g)
Two punches: bee, Λ A flanking; Nike advancing facing, head right
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -; Lang & Crosby -; Howgego -

The first punch depicts a bee with a long, cylindrical body, triangular pointed wings, and globular eyes with the letters Λ and A flanking. A second, added later over the edge of the first, shows Nike striding boldly forward with her head slightly to the right. The elegant engraving of the punches, both unlisted as countermarks in Howgego, contrasts starkly with the rough, unfinished flan. Although the basic types of Nike and a bee are common at Ephesos, the fabric and style differ from the issues of that city. Neither does the piece fit with the tokens found in the Athenian Agora. All considered, this piece appears consistent with what one would expect from a temporary token or entry pass, possibly of the pre-Roman period.
Ardatirion
Antinoopolis_-.jpg
42 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera (23mm, 5.21 g, 1 h)
[Dated RY 2 of an uncertain era?]
Draped bust of Antinoös right, wearing hem-hem crown; crescent before, [Θω behind]
Nike advancing left, holding palm frond and wreath; L [B flanking?]
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) 11655; Köln 3560 var. (size)
Ardatirion
00068x00.jpg
34 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.04 g, 6 h)
Dated year 5 of an uncertain era
Draped bust of Antinous right, crescent before
Serapis standing left, holding long scepter; L Є flanking
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -
Ardatirion
00065x00.jpeg
31 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera (21mm, 5.05 g, 3 h)
Dated year 8 of an uncertain era
Draped bust of Antinous right, wearing hem-hem crown; L [H] flanking
Draped bust of Serapis-Helios right, wearing calathus; L H flanking
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) 6445; Köln 3579
Ardatirion
00071x00.jpg
22 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera (25mm, 6.33 g, 12 h)
Dated year […] of an uncertain era
Draped bust of Antinous right, crescent before
Serapis standing left, holding long scepter; L [?] flanking
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -
Ardatirion
00069x00.jpg
37 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera (21mm, 4.14 g, 4 h)
Dated year 2 of an uncertain era
Confronted busts of Antinous, draped and wearing hem-hem crown, and Isis, draped and wearing headdress; [L] B flanking
Nilus reclining left on hippopatumus, holding cornucopia and reeds
Milne -; Milne, Memphis p. 115; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3569-70; Rostovtsev & Prou 665-6; Roma 6 (29 September 2013), lot 923-4
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Egypt_-.jpg
25 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (22 mm, 4.39 g)
Dated year 5 of an uncertain era.
Veiled and draped bust of Demeter right; L Є flanking
Nilus reclining left holding reeds and cornucopia; crocodile below
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) 6475; Köln 3610
Ardatirion
Egypt_5409.jpg
36 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (21mm, 3.70 g, 11 h)
Dated year 5 of an uncertain era
Hermes standing left, holding bag and long caduceus; to left, ramleaping left, star above
Vexillum; L [Є] flanking
Milne 5409 corr. (ram not described); Dattari (Savio) 6453 corr. (vexillum on reverse); Köln -
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00011x00~1.jpg
15 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera
Dated year 3 of an uncertain era
Nilus reclining left, holding reeds and cornucopia
Euthenia reclining left, holding cornucopia and grain ears; [L] Γ flanking
Ardatirion
00025x00.jpg
21 viewsAntoninus Pius. AD 138-161
PB As (28mm, 16.41 g, 12 h)
Western Europe (Spain?). Cast copying a Rome mint issue of AD 157-158
Laureate head right
Annona standing left, resting left foot on prow, holding modius and rudder; S C flanking
Cf. RIC III 997a

Found in Spain
Ardatirion
quadrans.jpg
107 viewsROME. temp. Hadrian-Antoninus Pius. Circa AD 120-161
Ć Quadrans (16mm, 2.94 g, 7h)
Rome mint
Petasus
Winged caduceus; S C flanking
Weigel 18; RIC II 32; Cohen 36

Weigel reconsiders the anonymous quadrantes as a cohesive group. The seriesportrays a pantheon of eleven deities: Jupiter, Minerva, Roma, Neptune, Tiber, Mars, Venus, Apollo, Mercury, Bacchus/Liber, and Hercules. Types are primarily a portrait of the god, with an attribute on the reverse and are usually influenced by (but not directly copied from) earlier designs, primarily from the Republic. He updates the series to the reigns of Hadrian and Antoninus.
5 commentsArdatirion
00091x00.jpg
93 viewsCANADA, Tokens. Nova Scotia. William IV. King of Great Britain, 1830-1837.
CU Penny Token (34.5 mm, 14.27 g, 6 h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835.
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
ONE PENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-4A2; Breton 870

Canadian catalogs traditionally give this issue to an illicit mint in Montreal. Wayne Jacobs1 argues that these were struck in Belleville. While his methodology is somewhat questionable - most of his theory is based off a unreliable editorial in an 1893 edition of the Newark Sunday Call - his reasoning regarding this series is sound. He is able to clearly demonstrate that the halfpenny and penny tokens in question are a product of a single, cohesive establishment which could not have been located in Lower Canada. Finally, Jacobs' claim can be supported by documentary evidence from the Belleville mint's primary competitor, the Scoville Company of Waterbury, Connecticut. A letter from J.M.L. to W.H. Scoville, dated April 4 1839, states that, "a competitor was stamping Canada Nova Scotia and Southern coins at 35 cents a pound."

1. Jacobs, Wayne. 1996. “The Shadowy Issues of the Belleville Mint.” Canadian Numismatic Journal 41 1: 13–26.
1 commentsArdatirion
QXk0g1k.jpg
24 viewsCANADA, Nova Scotia. William IV King of Great Britain, 1830-1837
CU Halfpenny Token
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
HALFPENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-3A1; Corteau 277; Breton 871

The first obverse die for the series. This obverse would be extensively reused, eventually rusting, being polished and re-engraved, and develop the diagnostic die break before the nose.
Ardatirion
NS_3A2.jpg
34 viewsCANADA, Nova Scotia. William IV King of Great Britain, 1830-1837
CU Halfpenny Token
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
HALFPENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-3A2; Corteau 278, tentative die state 6; Breton 871

“Old residents state that these counterfeits were brought, in large quantities to St. John, N.B., and from thence distributed through fishing vessels to Nova Scotian out ports. And informant tells of having seen a fisherman from Yarmouth paid for his catch in this coin.” R.W. McLachlan (Annals of the Nova Scotian Coinage, p. 37)
1 commentsArdatirion
0IEu73C.jpg
15 viewsCANADA, Nova Scotia. William IV King of Great Britain, 1830-1837
CU Halfpenny Token
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
HALFPENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 (over 1382) below
Charlton NS-3C; Corteau 281; Breton 871

This reverse die was initially engraved with the anachronistic date 1382, but was quickly caught and corrected, leaving only a handful of that extremely rare variety known today.
Ardatirion
NOwh23l.jpg
21 viewsCANADA, Nova Scotia. William IV King of Great Britain, 1830-1837
CU Halfpenny Token
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
HALFPENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-3D1; Corteau 282; Breton 871
Ardatirion
00090x00.jpg
72 viewsCANADA, Tokens. Nova Scotia. William IV. King of Great Britain, 1830-1837
CU Halfpenny Token (28mm, 8.47 g, 6 h)
John Walker & Company's mint. Dated 1832
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of George IV right
ONE PENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-1D1; Breton 871
1 commentsArdatirion
00022x00.jpg
55 viewsROME. temp. Domitian-Antoninus Pius. Circa AD 81-160
Ć Quadrans (16mm, 3.99 g, 12 h)
Rome mint
Griffin seated left, paw on wheel
Tripod; S C flanking
Weigel 15; RIC II 28; Cohen 38

Weigel reconsiders the anonymous quadrantes as a cohesive group. The seriesportrays a pantheon of eleven deities: Jupiter, Minerva, Roma, Neptune, Tiber, Mars, Venus, Apollo, Mercury, Bacchus/Liber, and Hercules. Types are primarily a portrait of the god, with an attribute on the reverse and are usually influenced by (but not directly copied from) earlier designs, primarily from the Republic. He updates the series to the reigns of Hadrian and Antoninus.
Ardatirion
00001x00~13.jpg
11 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA, nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 1/D; Colver & Harley –; KM Tn2

Ex Katz E-Auction 24 (14 August 2019), lot 900

The obverse of this token is from the first regular circulation issue, here heavily repolished and paired with a die from one of the final strikes, linking the two otherwise distinct sets of obverse dies. Only seven examples of this pairing are known. Snyder notes that die pairing 3/C, presently unlinked to others, could place between the first (obv 5 & 1) and second group (obv 2 &4). As obverses 3 and 4 both occur with significant breaks, this 1/D pairing may have been struck to replace either 3 or 4, with the later being more likely considering the sequence, and the 3/C pair the final set of dies used.
Ardatirion
00055x00~0.jpg
47 viewsHAITI, Premier République. Jean Pierre Boyer. President, 1825-1843
Brass 50 Centimes (25.5mm, 4.26 g, 12h)
Contemporary counterfeit. Dated L'An 25 of the Republic (AD 1828/9)
J * BOYER * PRESIDENTE *, AN 25
Bust left
REPUBLIQUE D'HAITI */ 50 * C
Palm tree flanked by cannon and banners
KM 20a; cf. Arroyo 105 (for official issue); Lissade 96; iNumis 25, lot 1352

On 1 June 1835, local officials arrested engraver Joseph Gardner of Belleville on charges of counterfeiting. When searching his house, officials discovered dies for Spanish 8 reales in various states of completion, coining implements, a bag of gold dust, and several bags of "spurious Haytien coppers." Yet Gardner was not the only individual striking illicit Haitian coins. James Bishop of neighboring Bloomfield, New Jersey had been arrested several months before, and a third person was responsible for the issue brought to Haiti by Jeremiah Hamilton.

Today, two distinct issues of counterfeits can be identified: a group of 25 and 50 Centimes, clearly related in fabric, and two different dates of 100 Centimes. The smaller denominations are most often found lacking a silver plating, while the plating year 26 100 Centimes is fine enough to deceive the likes of NGC and Heritage. Additionally, there are a handful year 27 100 centimes overstruck on US large cents. While I have not yet found a regular strike from these dies, they are the most likely candidate for Belleville's production.
Ardatirion
pepin-saint-denis.JPG
D.892 Pepin the Brief (denier, Saint-Denis?)18 viewsPepin the Brief, king of the Franks (751-768)
Denier, Saint-Denis ? (751-768)

Silver, 1.22 g, 16 mm diameter, die axis 11 h

O/ RP under a bar; pellets in the field
R/ ΛVT / TRΔ / NO

RP on the obverse means Rex Pippinus, or maybe PiPpinus Rex (the first R would then have to be read twice, the first time as a P).
The reverse is more intricate. First, the mint was identified as Antrain in Brittany. However, a lead slab has been found in Saint-Denis, on which similiar dies had been tested. As a consequence these deniers may have been minted in Saint-Denis monastery. However the legend on the reverse is still unclear (name of a moneyer, abbreviation of a latine phrase ?).
Droger
hugues-france-denier-orelans~0.JPG
Hugh Magnus: denier (Orléans)12 viewsHugh Magnus (Hugues de France in french) (1007-1025)
Denier (Orléans)

Billon, 1.28 g, diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 12h
O/ +D-I DEXTRA BE; city gate with an H on the left, a V below, a G on the right and a O on the top
R/ +AVRELIANIS CIVITAS; cross pattée

Hugh was the elder son of Robert II (the Pious), second capetian king of the Franks (996-1031). Hugues was crowned as an associate king in 1017. However, he died before his father and consequently he never ruled. No other son of a king of France had been called Hugh.

The obverse legend is a Christian one: dei dextra benedictus (blessed on God's right). As usual for Orléans mint, the I after the L in Avrelianis is in the angle.
Droger
charlemagne-denier-bourges~0.JPG
D.175 Charles the Great [Charlemagne] (denier, class 3, Bourges)16 viewsCharles the Great, king of the Franks (768-840) and Holy Roman emperor (800-814)
Denier (Bourges, class 3, 781-800)

Silver, 1.18 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ [+CA]RLVS REX FR; cross pattée with a crescent in each quarter
R/ [+B]ITVRICA[S]; carolingian monogram KRLS

For the 3rd type of his coinage, Charles the Great introduced the famous KRLS monogram. This one contains all the letters of Karolvs : the consonants are clearly written at the edges and bound by a lozenge. The vowels are at the center of the monogram: A (using the upper part of the lozenge, O as the whole lozenge and V as the down part of the lozenge).
This monogram still appeared two centuries later in the coinage of Hugh Capet, first capetian king.
Droger
louis1-denier-melle-lin.JPG
D.609 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)49 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.48 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ META / . / LLVM

Louis' deniers correspond to his father's (Charles the Great) ``novus denarius'', whose weight is supposed to be near 1.7 g with a certain variability.

This denier is typical of Class 2 of Louis' coinage (819-822).
A circular inscription of the name of the ruler surrounds a cross pattée on the observe. The quite surprising Hlvdovvicvs initially comes from the germanic name Chlodowig ("Clovis"). This one was first transcribed to latin as Chlodowicvs. The initial C then disappeared, which explains the H at the beginning. The w(=vv) finally became a standard v, which gave Lvdovicvs (Louis). The imperial title imp is also given.

The reverse consists of the mint name, in field. The mint name may be split in 2 or 3 lines.
Droger
louis1-denier-bourges.JPG
D.177 Louis the Pious (denier, Bourges, class 2)11 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Bourges, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.71 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ BITV / RIGES


Droger
louis1-denier-quentovic.JPG
D.803 Louis the Pious (denier, Quentovic, class 2)17 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Quentovic, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.55 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ QVENTO / . / VICVS

Qventovic was a former port close to the English Channel in the northern part of France. It was a prominent trading place until it was abandoned, probably in the 11th century, because of Viking attacks.
Droger
louis1-denier-dorestadt.JPG
D.416 Louis the Pious (denier, Dorstadt, class 2)9 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Dorstadt, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.13 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ DOR / ESTA / TVS
Droger
louis1-obole-melle-lin.JPG
D.613var Louis the Pious (obol, Melle, class 2)34 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.74 g, 17 mm diameter, die axis 9 h

O/ LVDO / VVIC
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

As the value of a denier was quite important (a sheep typically cost 10 deniers during Charles the Great's reign), a smaller coin was needed. Clearly speaking, an obol is a half-denier. The carolingian coinage is typically one of silver deniers and obols. Obols and deniers were usually produced by pairs of the same kind.

Contrary to the related denier, the name of the ruler is here in the field and the mint name surrounds a cross pattée.
The absence of the imperial title made think that the coin had been struck when Louis was king of Aquitaine (before the death of Charles the Great). However there are similar obols with out of Aquitain mints. The absence of the imperial title (as well as an abbreviated name Lvdovvic instead of Hlvdovvicvs) may be due to a lack of space.
Droger
louis1-obole-bourges.JPG
D.180 Louis the Pious (obol, Bourges, class 2)6 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Bourges, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.64 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 8 h

O/ LVDO / VVIC
R/ +BITVRIGES; cross pattée


Droger
louis1-denier-melle-circ.JPG
D.611 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)33 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 6 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obsverse is similar to the previous denier. The difference is that the mint name is around a cross pattée on the reverse. This type is scarer than the one with the mint name in the field. The presence of both types in a hoard shows that both date from the beginning of Louis' reign and belong to the same Class 2.
Grierson and Blackburn suggest that this difference is due to a misunderstanding of the mint instructions.
Droger
louis1-obole-melle-circ.JPG
D.612var Louis the Pious (obol, Melle, class 2)32 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.78 g, 15.5 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obol of this type is simply a reduced size version but is identical to the related denier.

Droger
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D.1179 Louis the Pious (denier, class 3)49 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 1.56 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

The XPISTIANA should be read "χρISTIANA", nice mix of greek and latin letters.

This is the most common carolingian coin (Class 3 of Louis' coinage).
The obverse is the same as Class 2. However, the reverse is a signature of the alliance between the Carolingians and the Roman Church, which began with Louis' father (Charles the Great) and the systematic introduction of a cross on coins. Louis carried on...

There is no indication of the mint name on this coinage. This fact is generally interpreted as a reinforcement of the imperial autority. Many people tried to localize the precise location of mints. Simon Coupland proposed an attribution, using stylistic similarities to other coins of well known mints. Some cases are easy to attribute but not this one (maybe Quentovic or Verdun ?)...

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D.1179 Louis the Pious (denier, class 3)29 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 1.52 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 9 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée s with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

Another example of temple denier with a different style, which suggests a different mint. The letters are cruder and the legend is slightly degenerated (retrograd S, MP instead of IMP for the title).
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louis1-obole-temple.JPG
D.1180 Louis the Pious (obol, class 3)9 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" obol (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 0.69 g, 16 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +PSTIΛNΛ REICIO; temple

This obol is a reduced version of the temple denier.
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D.abs Louis the Pious (obol, class 3)18 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (unknown mint in the south-east of France?, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 0.77 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 5 h

O/ +PISTIΛNΛ PI; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +OPISTIΛNΛ PE; cross pattée

This obol may be due to a double reverse error because of the absence of the sovereign's name and the legend repetition on both sides. However several dies were used to strike this type (I could find 3 obverse and 3 reverse dies), one side always bears 4 pellets as the other does not. One of the reverse dies is associated to the more typical obverse legend +HLVDOVVICVS I. Consequently an error does not seem to be likely. Because of hoard localizations, these obols seem to come from a single mint, in the south-east of France (Lyon, Arles?).
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D.1176 Lothar I (denier)7 viewsLothar I, Holy Roman emperor (840-855), king of Middle Francia (843-855) and Italy (818-855)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, 84-855)

Silver, 1.09 g, 17-20 mm diameter, die axis 12 h

O/ +HLOTΛPIVS ΛGVS; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

Lothar I re-used the temple type, which had been made popular by his father Louis the Pious. However, it was minted by Lothar in much smaller quantities.
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Louis IV: denier (Angoulęme)12 viewsAs Louis d'Outremer, king of the Franks (936-954)
Immobilized denier (10th-12th century)

Billon, 0.81 g, 18.5 mm diameter, die axis 9h
O/ +LODOICVS; cross pattée
R/ +EGOLISSIME; 4 rings around a small cross pattée

This type of coin was immobilized from the end of the 10th century till the 13th century by the counts of Angoulęme.
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D.621 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1a, Melle)25 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1a, 840-864)

Silver, 1.70 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ META / • / LLVM

Class 1 of Charles the Bald's coinage is made of totally different types of coins, which may reflect the state of the kingdom after 3 years of civil war and the division of the Empire.

Class 1a: mint in the field, with a linear legend
Class 1b: bust
Class 1c: city gate
Class 1d: KRLS monogram
Class 1e: temple

Coupland suggests that this particular scarce type (with META/LLVM on the reverse) had been minted from June 848, just after Charles the Bald finally defeated his nephew Pippin II for Aquitaine's control. The aim of minting a special type like this was to show a clear difference with the previsous coinage of Pippin II. A little later, Charles the Blad went on with the typical coinage of Melle (monogram ; circular mint name).
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D.761 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1a, Paris)10 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Paris, class 1a, 840-864)

Silver, 1.69 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 7h

O/ +CΛR•LVS RE•X FR ; cross pattée
R/ PΛRI / • / S◂II



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D.197 Charles II the Bald (obol, class 1a, Bourges, Aquitaine)20 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Obol (Bourges, Aquitaine, class 1a, 848-849 ?)

Silver, 0.80 g, 17 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX ; cross pattée
R/ AQUI / • / TANIA

The obols of Charles the Bald with AQUITANIA on the reverse are thought to have been minted in Bourges due to hoard studies. For instance, Chaumoux-Marcilly (small village near Bourges) hoard was found in 1930. It had in it 40 coins of Charles the Bald: 20 from Bourges, 17 obols with AQVITANIA, 2 from Melle and one from Orléans. This hoard is consequently supposed to be made of local coins, and AQVITANIA obols of Charles the Bald are supposed to have been minted in Bourges.

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D.725 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1c, Orléans)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier with a gate (Orléans, class 1c, 840-864)

Silver, 1.26 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée with four pellets
R/ +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS; city gate with two pellets on sides

The gate motif goes back to Roman times and was used by early Carolingians (and Capetians later).
There is a small misprint on the reverse : +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS instead +ΛVRE-LI-ΛNIS
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D.606 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1d, Melle)49 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.35 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ +METVLLO; carolingian monogram

The KRLS monogram was first introduced by Charles' great father, Charles the Great (Charlemagne). Charlemagne's son (Louis the Pious) never used a monogram, contrary to most carolingian rulers as Charles the Bald in particular.

This is the second most common carolingian coin.

Charlemagne minted exactly similar coins (Class 3). The question of the attribution to Charles the Great or the Bald has of course been widely discussed on grounds of style, weight, composition (work of Guillaume Sarah), position of the legend... These studies didn't lead to any clear conclusion although these deniers may often be attributed to Charlemagne. New hoards have to be found to resolve this issue.
By then, these coins have to be attributed to Charles the Bald by reason of the relative number of minted coins.
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D.622 Charles II the Bald (obol, class 1d, Melle)31 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Obol (Melle, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 0.65 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 8h

O/ carolingian monogram
R/ +METVLLO; cross pattée


Certainly because of the lack of space, there isn't any legend with the ruler's name on the obverse but a carolingian KRLS monogram.
The attribution to Charles the Bald or Charles the Great is uncertain, like for the denier's case.
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D.626 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1d, Melle)25 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.73 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX; cross pattée
R/ +METVLLO; carolingian monogram

This coinage with the shorter legend CΛRLVS REX is much rarer than the common one with the legend CΛRLVS REX FR. The composition of a hoard in Poitou suggests that this type can be unambiguously attributed to Charles the Bald. This coinage may have been minted at the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign, just before Pippin II took the control of Melle in 845.
Among the 12 known specimens, 5 have a deformed monogram, with the L and the S exchanging places, and on their sides. This feature, the shorter legend, as well as the unusual position of the legend opening cross on top of the monogram may suggest that there was some confusion in Melle at this time, when Charles gave back (temporarily) Aquitaine to Pippin.
The reverse is slightly double struck.
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D.627 Charles II the Bald (denier ?, class 1d, Melle)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle ?, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.35 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX R; cross pattée
R/ +METxVLLO; carolingian monogram

The x in METxVLLO on the reverse has been widely discussed.
For instance, Depeyrot understands it as an immobilization/feudal issue. The crude style of theses deniers and the lightly degenerate legend of this one (CARLVS REX R instead of REX FR) seems in coherence with this hypothesis. However, the x is always at the same place.
Moreover, this type of coin has been found in the Brioux hoard, which may be datable to the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign. Grierson and Blackburn suggest that these coins with x were mainly minted in Poitiers. Using the legend of the close Melle mint allowed to take advantage of the reputation of Melle coinage.
Coupland proposes that this METxVLLO type came after the METVLLO type after 860 and until round 925. Then, it was replaced by the MET/ALO type. In order to explain the differences of interpretation, Coupland thinks that several hoards were wrongly dated or described.
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D.1189 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1e,Orléans)40 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
"Temple" denier (Orléans, class 1e, 840-864)

Silver, 1.64 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 8h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ +XPISTIΛNΛ RELIGIO; temple

This other example of Class 1 is the continuation of Louis the Pious' temple denier. XPISTIANA RELIGIO is then most often replaced by the mint name.
Although this is not the case for this specimen, the mint attribution is very clear. It is Orléans, because of the exaggerated S of XPISTIANA and the first I of RELIGIO is in the angle of the L.
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charles2-denier-temple-paris.JPG
D.762 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1e, Paris)28 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
"Temple" denier (Paris, class 1e, 840-864)

Silver, 1.70 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 4h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ +PΛRISII CIVITΛS; temple

The mint's name (Paris) stands in for the usual legend XPISTIANA RELIGIO. The royal authority may have been quite weak in the beginning of Charles' reign, and each mint may have been tempted to make a clear legend to characterize its own coinage.
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charles2-denier-temple-orleans.JPG
D.726 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1e, Orléans)15 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
"Temple" denier (Orléans, class 1e, 840-864)

Silver, 1.53 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +ΛVR-ELI-ΛNIS; temple

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D.375 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Courcessin?)35 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Courcessin?, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.43 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +I.CVRTISΛSONIEH; cross pattée

In 864, Charles the Bald promulgated the edict of Pîtres, huge reform whose aim was to protect the kingdom from Viking raids. It also reinforced royal authority on minting, and created a new type of deniers . The new coins could be only struck at 10 mints (Palace, Chalon sur Saône, Melle, Narbonne, Orléans, Paris, Quentovic, Reims, Rouen and Sens). This limitation had never been applied, more than 110 mints struck the new coinage. This can be understood as a lack of control of the central autority. However it seems that several mints shared dies... Grierson and Blackburn proposed that only 10 main mints produced dies and partially outsourced coinage production ?
On the obverse is written GRATIA D-I REX (GDR) around a carolingian monogram. The alliance with Roman Church goes on... The reverse already existed for Class 1, with the mint name around a cross pattée.
Class 2 of Charles' coinage is made of these GDR deniers.

The precise localization of the mint in Normandie (north of France) is still not clear. According to Grierson and Blackburn, Courti(s) Sasonien(sis) may come from some groups of Saxons settled in northern part of Gaul.
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charles2-denier-gdr-orleans.JPG
D.727 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Orléans)14 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Orléans, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.80 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛS; cross pattée

This is another typical example of Class 2 (GDR type).
Cenabum was a gallic stronghold of the Carnute tribe. It was conquered and destroyed by Caesar in 52 BC, and then maybe rebuilt by the emperor Aurelian. This may be the origin the city's name.
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charles2-denier-gdr-palais.JPG
D.750 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Palace Mint)4 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Palace Mint, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 2h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +PΛLΛTINΛ MONE; cross pattée

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charles2-gdr-quentovic.JPG
D.811 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Quentovic)37 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Quentovic, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.64 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +QVVENTOVVCI; cross pattée with 2 globules

This is another typical example of Class 2 (GDR type).
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charles2-denier-gdr-dijon.JPG
D.399 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Dijon)21 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Dijon, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 0.91 g, 19.5 mm diameter, die axis 2h

O/ +C[RATIA] D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +DIVIONI C[AST]RE; cross pattée

This is another less common example of Class 2 (GDR type).
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charles2-obole-rouen-gdr.JPG
D.880 Charles II the Bald (obol, class 2, Rouen)14 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR obol (Rouen, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 0.73 g, 14 mm diameter, die axis 10h

O: +CRΛTIΛ D-I REX;carolingian monogram
R: +ROTVHΛCVS CIVI; cross pattée

Obol of GDR type
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charles2-denier-lemans.JPG
D.559 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Le Mans)12 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Le Mans, class 2, 864-875 or end of the 8th/beginning of the 10th century)

Silver, 1.42 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O: +G I RΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R: +CINOMΛNIS CIVITΛS; cross pattée

Due to the degenerate legend and monogram, this coin may be an immobilization.
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charles2-denier-bourges-emp.JPG
D.198 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 3, Bourges)27 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877) and Holy Roman Emperor (875-877)
Denier (Bourges, class 2, 876-877)

Silver, 1.47 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS IMP ΛVG; cross pattée
R/ +BITVRICES CIVIT; carolingian monogram

In 875, after the death of his nephew, the Emperor Louis II, Charles received the imperial crown.
The related coinage clearly shows the imperial title in a roman way, IMP AVG. This coinage may be undistinguishable from the one of Charles the Fat (885-887), when he assumed West Francia kingship (before being chased by Eudes, count of Paris and next king of the Franks).
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charles2-denier-toulouse-imp.JPG
D.1007 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 3, Toulouse)13 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877) and Holy Roman Emperor (875-877)
Denier (Toulouse, class 2, 876-877)

Silver, 1.59 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 7h

O/ +CΛRLVS IMP R- ; cross pattée
R/ +TOLOSΛ+CIVI ; CA / RL in the center

The presence of the name of the sovereign on the reverse is quite rare for carolingian coins. This is also the case for Toulouse deniers of Charles the Bald's Louis II (or grandson Louis III) with LV / DO.

This coinage is also sometimes attributed to Charles the Fat.
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Dy.001 Hugh Capet: denier (Beauvais)19 viewsHugh Capet, king of the Franks (987-996) and Hervé, Bishop of Beauvais (987-998)
Denier (Beauvais)

Silver, 1.19 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 9h
O: [HERV]EVS HVGO RE[X] ; cross pattée with 2 pellets
R: BE[LVΛC]VS CIVITΛS ; carolingian monogram KRLS

Although Hugh Capet was the founder of the capetian dynasty, his coinage contains a carolingian monogram. It may have been a way to show the continuity of the royal authority. The presence of the bishop Hervé is not really understood on this nearly only coinage of Hugh Capet as king of the Franks (obols of the same type are also known, as well as a unique denier of Laon).
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Dy.016 Henry I: denier (Paris, 1st type)7 viewsHenry I, king of the Franks (1031-1060)
Denier (Paris, 1st type)

Silver, 1.23 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 10h
O/ HΛNIRICVS REX ; Alpha et Omega hung in the field
R/ PΛISIVS CIVTAS around a cross pattée
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philippe1-denier-orleans.JPG
Dy.050 Philip I: denier (Orléans)17 viewsPhilip I, king of the Franks (1060-1108)
Denier (Orléans, 1st type)

Billon, 1.28 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 10h
O: +PHILIPVS X REX D-I; city gate, NI and IC besides, ΛT inside and et I above
R: +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛ; croix pattée with 2 S
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philippe1-denier-macon.JPG
Dy.081 Philip I: denier (Mâcon)31 viewsPhilip I, king of the Franks (1060-1108)
Denier (Mâcon, 2ond type)

Billon, 1.10 g, diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 5h
O: +PIIIPVS RX; lozenge with 4 pellets
R: +MATISCON; S with 2 pellets

Although Mâcon (Bourgogne) was not in the royal domain, this denier was struck in the name of Philip I, king of France.
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louis6-denier-dreux.JPG
Dy.096 Louis VI (the Fat): denier (Dreux)16 viewsLouis VI the Fat, king of the Franks (1108-1137)
Denier (Dreux, 1st type)

Billon, 1.13 g, diamčtre 19 mm, axe 2 h
A/ +LVDOV-CVS REX; church
R/ +DRVCΛS CΛSTΛ around a cross pattée with 2 Ω
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louis6-denier-etampes.JPG
Dy.102 Louis VI (the Fat): denier (Étampes)17 viewsLouis VI the Fat, king of the Franks (1108-1137)
Denier (Étampes, 3rd emission)

Billon, 1.13 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 2h
A/ +LODOVICVS REX I; large E with a ringlet on the left, and 4 pellets on top of each other and a X on the right
R/ STΛMPIS CΛSTELLVM ; cross pattée with 2 Λ
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louis6-denier-orleans.JPG
Dy.120 Louis VI (the Fat): denier (Orléans)28 viewsLouis VI the Fat, king of the Franks (1108-1137)
Denier (Orléans)

Billon, 0.83 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 4h
O/ +LVDOVICVS REX I; city gate with an O on the top, an Ω on the left, and 3 dashes on the right (maybe a Ξ). 4 pellets are in the gate.
R/ +AVRELIANIS CIVITAS; cross pattée with an O and an A.
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louis7-denier-bourges.JPG
Dy.134 Louis VII (the Young): denier (Bourges)27 viewsLouis VII, king of the Franks (1137-1180)
Denier (Bourges)

Billon, 0.70 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h30
O/ +LVDOVICVS REX; facing bearded and crowned head of the king
R/ +VRBS BI - TVRICA; latine flowered cross that interrups the legend

This type of coin with the king's face is quite unusual for the Capetian coinage. However, it was hard to recognize the king's face !
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Dy.145 Louis VII (the Young): denier parisis (Paris), 2nd type12 viewsLouis VII, king of the Franks (1137-1180)
Denier parisis (Paris), 2nd type

Billon, 0.81 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 9h
O: +LVDOVICVSoREX; FRA/NCO
R: PARISII CIVIS, cross pattée


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Dy.146 Louis VII (the Young): denier parisis (Paris), 3rd type11 viewsLouis VII, king of the Franks (1137-1180)
Denier parisis (Paris), 3rd type

Billon, 0.83 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 3h
O: LVDOVICVS REX; FRA/OCN
R: PA[R]ISII CIVIS, cross pattée

The second line on the field of the obverse must be read form right to left, so that one can read : Lvdovicvs rex franco(rum).
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Dy.148 Louis VII (the Young): denier parisis (Paris), 4th type22 viewsLouis VII, king of the Franks (1137-1180)
Denier parisis (Paris), 4th type

Billon, 0.90 g, diameter 18-20 mm, die axis 3h
O: +LVDOVICVS RE; FRA/OCN
R: PA[R]ISII CIVIS, cross pattée

The second line on the field of the obverse must be read form right to left, so that one can read : Lvdovicvs rex franco(rum).
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philippe2-denier-parisis.JPG
Dy.164 Philip II (Augustus): denier parisis (Paris)20 viewsPhilip II, king of France (1180-1223)
Denier parisis (Paris)

Billon, 1.04 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 9h
O: PHILIPVS REX; FRA/OCN
R: PARISII CIVIS, cross pattée

Philip II's denier parisis is very similar to his father's.
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philippe2-denier-arras.JPG
Dy.168 Philip II (Augustus): denier parisis (Arras)14 viewsPhilip II, king of France (1180-1223)
Denier parisis, 2ond emission (1191-1199, Arras)

Billon, 1.08 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 2h
O: PHI.LIPVS REX; FRA/OCN
R: +ARRAS CIVIS, cross pattée with 2 lily flowers
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philippe2-denier-saintmartin.JPG
Dy.176 Philip II (Augustus): denier tournois (Saint Martin de Tours)23 viewsPhilip II, king of France (1180-1223)
Denier tournois (Saint Martin de Tours)

Billon, 0.96 g, diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 7h
O: PHILIPVS REX; croix pattée
R: +SCS MARTINVS; châtel tournois

The livre parisis was a standard for minting coins (and for unit of accounts) inherited from the Carolingians.
In 1203, John (Lackland) lost Anjou to Philip II. The deniers minted at the Saint Martin abbey in Touraine were considered as very stable. So Philip II decided to adopt the livre tournois (tournois means "of Tours", Tours is a French city in Anjou close to Saint Martin abbey) as a new standard denier and unit of account. Livre parisis and livre tournois coexisted for some time but the livre tournois quickly outstripped the livre parisis as a unit of account. Deniers parisis ceased to be struck a little more than a century later, but livre parisis existed till 17th century.
SCS MARTINVS means Sanctus Martinus (Saint Martin). The name of the abbey was temporarily kept on the deniers tournois, but was soon replaced by the name of the city of Tours.
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philippe2-denier-tournois.JPG
Dy.177 Philip II (Augustus): denier tournois (Tours)23 viewsPhilip II, king of France (1180-1223)
Denier tournois (Tours)

Billon, 0.92 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 10h30
O: PHILIPVS REX; croix pattée
R: +TVRONVS CIVI; châtel tournois

This is the first denier tournois, nearly with the standard and final legend TVRONVS CIVI(S).
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Dy.178 Philip II (Augustus): denier (Déols)21 viewsPhilip II, king of France (1180-1223)
Denier (1206-1207, Déols)

Billon, 1.18 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 7h
O: +REX FILIPVS; croix pattée
R: +Dε DOLIS; hexalpha (star) around a ringlet

Déols (in the Centre-Val de Loire, region of France) was not in the royal domain.This denier was struck by Philip II, as guardian of Denise of Déols. Surprinsigly, the king title (rex) arrives before the name of the king.
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Dy.184 Philip II (Augustus): denier (Laon)20 viewsPhilip II, king of France(1180-1223) and Roger de Rosoi, bishop of Laon (1174-1201)
Denier (1180-1201, Laon)

Billon, 1.18 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 3h
O: +PHILIPVS REX; facing crowned head of the king
R: +R[OG]ERVS εPE; facing head of the bishop with miter

The denier was minted by both the king and the bishop of Laon (north of France, out of the royal domain at this time).
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Dy.187 Louis VIII (the Lion) or IX (Saint Louis): denier tournois19 viewsLouis VIII, king of France (1223-1226) or Louis IX, king of France (1226-1270)
Denier tournois (1223-1250)

Billon, 0.81 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 4h30
O: +LVDOVICVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS CIVI; châtel tournois

The question of the attribution of this denier to Louis VIII or to the first part of Louis IX's reign is difficult. Indeed, Louis VIII only ruled for 3 years and both the father and the son have the same name...
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Dy.188 Louis VIII (the Lion) or IX (Saint Louis): denier tournois21 viewsLouis VIII, king of France (1223-1226) or Louis IX, king of France (1226-1270)
Denier tournois (1223-1250)

Billon, 0.70 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 11h
O: +LVDOVICVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONIS CIVI; châtel tournois

Just a slightly modified legend (TVRONIS instead of TVRONVS) with respect to the previous denier.
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Dy.190C Louis IX (Saint Louis): Gros tournois57 viewsLouis IX, king of France (1226-1270)
Gros tournois (1266-1270)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.94 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: +LVDOVICVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

The full transcription of the obverse is: benedictvm sit nomen domini nostri dei Jesu Christi, which means ``blessed is the name of our Lord Jesus Christ'' (XPI is in fact a mix of greek and latin letters: χρI[STI]). This choice of religious legend is not surprising for a king as pious as Louis IX.

The value of the denier had become too small for use in commerce. So Louis IX introduced the Gros Tournois in 1266, with a value of 12 deniers tournois (12 is the number of lis, and also of letters of the obverse and reverse legends !). Gros means ``big'' or``thick'', and tournois ``of Tours'' (Tours is a french city). The inner part of a Gros tournois is similar to a denier tournois. An outer circle has been added with the christian legend on the obverse and 12 fleur-de-lis (symbol of French kingship) on the reverse.

Gros tournois were struck in France and entire Europe during one century.
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Dy.193A Louis IX (Saint Louis): denier tournois34 viewsLouis IX, king of France (1226-1270)
Denier tournois (1250-1270)

Billon (229 ‰), 0.95 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h30
O: +LVDOVICVS.REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS.CIVIS; châtel tournois

The difference between the deniers tournois of the first and second part of Saint Louis' reign is the absence or presence of an S at the end of CIVI(S) on the reverse.
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Dy.202A Philip III (the Bold): Gros tournois 38 viewsPhilip III, king of France (1270-1285)
Gros tournois (1270-1280)

Silver (958 ‰), 4.04 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 1h30
O: inner circle: +PhILIPVS.REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONV.S.CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This type exactly continued the Gros tournois of Saint Louis, Philip's father.
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Dy.204 Philip III (the Bold): denier tournois 18 viewsPhilip III, king of France (1270-1285)
Denier tournois (1270-1280)

Billon (299 ‰), 1.00 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 1h30
O: +PhILIPVS.REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS.CIVIS.; châtel tournois

This is the exact continuation of previous denier tournois types.
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Dy.204 Philip III (the Bold): denier tournois 18 viewsPhilip III, king of France (1270-1285)
Denier tournois (1270-1280)

Billon (299 ‰), 0.85 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 11h
O: +PhILIPVS.REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS.CIVIS.; châtel tournois

Another example of this type, quite hard to find in a very good state.
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Dy.213 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a round O37 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with a round O (1280-1290)

Silver (958 ‰), 4.07 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS.CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign). The only difference with the Gros tournois of the first part of Philip III's reign is PHILIPPVS, spelled with 2 P intead of 1.
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Dy.214 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a long 032 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with long 0 (1290-1295)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.96 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVR0NVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

The only difference between this emission and the previous one is the 0 in TVR0NVS, which is now long instead of round.
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Dy.217 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a long 0 and a lily26 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with long 0 and a lily (1298)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.98 g, diameter 27 mm, die axis 7h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS(ringlet)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVR0NVS*CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis
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Dy.219d Philip IV (the Fair): maille tierce with a round O23 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Maille tierce with round O (09/1306)

Silver (958 ‰), 1.27 g, diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄn⋮DOmInI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis

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Dy.221 Philip IV (the Fair): denier parisis with a round O 8 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Denier tournois with round O (1280-1290)

Billon (359 ‰), 0.94 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 7h
O: PhILIPPVS REX; FRA/OCN
R: +PARISIVS CIVIS; croix pattée

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign).
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Dy.223 Philip IV (the Fair): denier tournois with a round O 16 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Denier tournois with round O (1280-1290)

Billon (299 ‰), 1.00 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 4h
O: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS CIVIS; châtel tournois

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign). The only difference with the denier tournois of the first part of Philip III's reign is PHILIPPVS, spelled with 2 P intead of 1.
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Dy.223A Philip IV (the Fair): denier tournois with a round O 11 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Denier tournois with round O (1280-1290)

Billon (299 ‰), 1.10 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 7h
O: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS•CIVISx; châtel tournois

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign). The only difference with the denier tournois of the first part of Philip III's reign is PHILIPPVS, spelled with 2 P intead of 1.
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Dy.224 Philip IV (the Fair): obol tournois with a round O 7 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Obol tournois with round O (1280-1290)

Billon (270 ‰), 0.55 g, diameter 15 mm, die axis 2h
O: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS CIVIS; châtel tournois

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign).
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Dy.225 Philip IV (the Fair): denier tournois with a long 013 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Denier tournois with long 0 (1290-1295)

Billon (299 ‰), 0.92 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 9h
O: +PHILIPPVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVR0NVS CIVIS; châtel tournois

It is exactly the same type as the denier tournois with round O, but with a long 0, as for the Gros tournois.
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Dy.227 Philip IV (the Fair): double parisis, 1st emission15 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Double parisis, 1st emission (1295-1303)

Billon (480 ‰), 1.28 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 11h
O: +PhILIPPVS REX; leafy cross
R: +mOnETA DVPLEX: REGA/LIS under a fleur-de-lis

Philip had to face with extensive financial liabilities. He found money expelling Jews, Lombard bankers, arresting Templars and confiscating their properties. He also debased the French coinage and minted quite a large number of successive types and emissions of coins, with varying silver proportions.
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Dy.229 Philip IV (the Fair): double tournois, 1st emission22 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Double tournois, 1st emission (1295-1303)

Billon (399 ‰), 1.21 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 12h
O: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée with one fleur-de-lis
R: +mOn DVPLEX REGAL: chatel tournois' pediment with 2 lis
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Dy.230B Philip IV (the Fair): simple tournois17 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Simple tournois (1295-1303)

Billon (399 ‰), 0.83 g, diameter 14-15 mm, die axis 6h
O: cross pattée with a symbol in each quadrant : P, h, I and a cross
R: chatel tournois' pediment with 2 fleur-de-lis
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Dy.233 Philip IV (the Fair): obole bourgeoise13 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Obole bourgeoise (1311)

Billon (270 ‰), 0.59 g, diameter 14-16 mm, die axis 6h
O: +PhILIP-PVS REX; latine cross interrupting the legend
R: BVRGENSIS, under a fleur-de-lis: nOV/VS
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Dy.238 Philip V (the Tall): Gros tournois 25 viewsPhilip V, king of France (1316-1322)
Gros tournois (1318)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.93 g, diameter 26mm, die axis 12h

O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS(hammer)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮
SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV⋮XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS(hammer)CIVIS; châtel tournois;
outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

At first sight, Philip V's gros tournois are very similar to his father's ones. However, the general style is quite different: Philip V's tournois have a stretched castle, thiner letters with more space between them (especially for TVRONVS CIVIS), n of nOmЄ is an n but not an N) and ⋮ instead of . between IhV and XPI. Moreover, it is commonly thought that a hammer (like here) or a crescent separating TVRONVS/CIVIS and PHILIPPVS/REX is a typical feature of Philip V.

Philip V's gros tournois are scarcer than Philip IV's. His reign was shorter and a silver lack prevented him from minting as much as he wanted. Philip had to forbid the production of silver items like dishes in order to keep silver for minting.
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Dy.243 Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 1st emission7 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 1st emission (03/02/1324)

Silver (798 ‰), 1.82 g, diameter 22 mm, die axis 2h
O: inner circle: +kAROLVS(diamond)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT#8942nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANChORVm*; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis

The h of FRANChORVm is characteristic of the first emission.

Charles was the younger and third son of former king Philip the Fair. He was consequently not supposed to rule. However, as his two brothers successively died without any living son, he became king in 1322. Six years later, he also died without a male heir. So ended up the capetian senior line in 1328.
The legend began then... Jacques de Molay, last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, had cursed King Philip the Fair and his descendants from his execution pyr in 1314. Was the curse finally efficient ?
Charles'cousin, his nearest parent, became then king of France as Philip VI.
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Dy.243A Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 2ond emission22 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 2ond emission (07/1324)

Silver (798 ‰), 1.74 g, diameter 21-22 mm, die axis 10h
O: inner circle: +(spade)kAROLVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT(ring)nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm(ring); châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis, the top one being between 2 dots, which is characteristic of the 2ond emission




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Dy.243D Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 3rd emission10 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 3rd emission (07/23/1326)

Silver (718 ‰), 1.64 g, diameter 22 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +kAROLVS(square)RE•X•; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT(ring)nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis, the top one being between 2 dots

The RE•X• on the reverse is characteristic of the 3rd emission. Most of the time, the top fleur-de-lis is also surrounded by two dots, similarly to the 2ond emission.



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Dy.244C Charles IV (the Fair): double Parisis, 3rd emission44 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Double parisis, 3rd emission (07/24/1326)

Billon (319 ‰), 1.10 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 3h
O: +kAROLVS REX(clover); crown with fleur-de-lis and a small ring below
R: +mOnETA DVPLEX; cross with fleur-de-lis

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Dy.262 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la couronne, 1st emission7 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la couronne, 1st emission (01/01/1337)

Silver (851 ‰), 2.51 g, diameter 25 mm, die axis 5h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

Philip VI is the first non direct capetian king. He was the cousin of the 3 previous kings.
The Gros tournois hadn't changed since its creation by Saint Louis. During Philip VI's reign, 3 new types of Gros were struck, with lighter weight and less silver. These monetary difficulties may be related to the premisses of the One Hundred Years' war and French military defeats.

The 3 bullets in the chatel (without any star below) are characteristic of the 1st emission.
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Dy.262A1 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la couronne, 2ond emission30 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la couronne, 2ond emission (10/31/1338)

Silver (639 ‰), 2.44 g, diameter 23 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm(T); châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside and a star below; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis
(slightly double struck) reverse

The 3 bullets in the chatel and the star below are characteristic of the 2ond emission.
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Dy.262B Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la couronne, 3rd emission25 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la couronne, 3rd emission (01/29/1340)

Silver (559 ‰), 2.33 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 3h
O: inner circle: PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 2x inside and a ringlet below; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

As expected, the silver percentage is lower than for the previous emission.
The 2 x in the chatel (quite hard to distinguish !) and the ringlet below are characteristic of the 3rd emission.
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Dy.262C Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la couronne, 4th emission17 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la couronne, 4th emission (04/06/1340)

White billon (479 ‰), 2.16 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 3h
O: inner circle: PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée and 4 ringlets at its boundaries; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown and 2 fleurs-de-lis, with a ring inside; a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis and a small cross

The silver content goes on lowering.
The ring in the chatel is characteristic of the 4th emission.
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Dy.263 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la fleur de lis, 2ond emission ?11 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la fleur de lis (3 emissions between 1341 and 1343)

White billon (479 ‰), 2.50 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 6h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS.REX; cross pattée with a fleur-de-lis in the NE quadrant; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; fleur-de-lis; outer circle: a circle of 10 fleur-de-lis

The 3 emissions are very similar, the weight is the only difference. This coin may belong to the 2ond emission.
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Dy.265 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la queue33 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la queue (09/27/1348 and 01/15/1349)

White billon (479 ‰), 3.33 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 6h
O: inner circle: (crown)PhILIP-PVS.REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV⋮XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS.CIVIS; châtel tournois with 3 archs under a crown; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This Gros was struck at the end of Philip's reign and contains a quite small amount of silver.
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D.1155 Louis II the Stammerer (denier, Visé)4 viewsLouis II the Stammerer, king of the Franks (877-879)
Denier (Tours)

Silver, 0,79 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 8h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS REX; KRLS monogram of Charles (legend beginning at 10h)
R/ +IN VICO VIOSΛTO; croix pattée

The KRLS (Karolus) monogram appears on this coinage of Louis II. One can imagine that there hadn't been much time to think about a new monogram just after Charles II's death.

Louis II was physically quite weak and died 2 years after his father Charles II. His reign was consequently very short.
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RIC.57 Postumus: antoninianus (P M TR P IIII COS III P P)18 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antonianus: P M TR P IIII COS III P P (3rd émission, 1st phase, 263-265, Trčves)

Billon (150 ‰), 4.27 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 1 h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ PP M TR P-IIII-COS III PP; Mars walking right with spear and trophy.

EG.36
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RIC.86 Postumus: antoninianus (Salvs Avg)7 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Salvs Avg (4th emission, 1st phase, 266, Trčves)

Billon (100 ‰), 3.46 g, diameter 18-21 mm, die axis 7h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ SALV-S AVG; Esculape standing, facing, looking left, leaning on a staff on which a snake is wrapped. At foot, a globe on the right

EG.70
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RIC.136 Tetricus I: antoninianus (Spes Pvblica)8 viewsTetricus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (271-274)
Antoninianus: Spes Pvblica (3rd emission, 271-272, Trčves)

Billon, 2.26 g, diameter 17 mm, die axis 1 h

A/ IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ [SP]ES - P-VBLI[CA]; Spes walking left, holding flower and raising robe

EG.262
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RIC.272 Tetricus II: antoninianus (Spes Pvblica)18 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Spes Pvblica (4th emission, 272-274, Trčves)

Billon, 2.91 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 7h

A/ C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ SPES-P-VBLICA; Spes walking left, holding flower and raising robe

EG.272
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RIC.270 Tetricus II: antoninianus (Spes Avgg)11 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Spes Avgg (8th emission, 273-274, Cologne)

Billon, 3.19 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 12h

A/ C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left
R/ SPE-S-AVGG; Spes walking left, holding flower and raising robe

EG.315
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RIC.270 Tetricus II: antoninianus (Spes Avgg)11 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Spes Avgg (8th emission, 273-274, Cologne)

Billon, 2.18 g, diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 12h

A/ C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left
R/ SPE-S-AV[GG]; Spes walking left, holding flower and raising robe

EG.316
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D.1041 Louis III (denier, Tours)31 viewsLouis III, king of the Franks (879-882)
Denier (Tours)

Silver, 1.78 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +IIISIRICORDIΛ DI REX; Louis' monogram (legend beginning at 3h)
R/ +HTVR◊NES CIVITAS; croix pattée

Louis III became king of West Francia at 16 after his father Louis II died quite young. As he was the only living son of Charles II, Louis II had inherited the full kingdom of West Francia from his father. At opposite, when Louis II died, his sons Louis III and Carloman II divided the kingdom into a northern part for Louis III and a southern part for his brother Carloman II. During his reign, Louis III (in alliance with his brother) achieved military successes, especially against Vikings. However, Louis III's reign didn't last long. Louis III died inadvertently at 19 while chasing a girl on his horse. He hit violently the lintel of a door with his head.
Louis III's coinage is hard to distinguish from Louis II's. Both bear the same name et both reigns were very short. Three kinds of coins can be found:
* coins with legend LVDOVICS REX and a KRLS monogram : these coins have been found for northern and southern mints and are consequently given for Louis II;
* coins with a LVDOVICVS monogram ; they have only been found for the northern mints, and are consequently supposed to be Louis III's;
* coins of Toulouse with LV/DO, imitating the ones of Charles emperor with CA/RL. The attribution to Louis II seems to be straightforward due to the southern position.
The legend of the coin is different from the traditional Gratia di Rex, but still shows a religious origin. However its success remained very limited, with some scare coins of Louis III and Eudes.
3 commentsDroger
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RIC.84b Magnus Maximus (siliqua, Virtvs Romanorvm)9 viewsMagnus Maximus, usurpor (383-384), western roman emperor (384-388)
Siliqua: Virtvs Romanorvm (383-388, Trčves mint)

silver 900‰, 18 mm diameter, 2.24 g, die axis: 1 h

A/ D N MAG MAX-IMVS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ VIRTVS RO-MANORVM / TRPS in exergue; Roma seated left on throne, holding Victory on globe and spear

Die breaking on the cheek
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Richard I: denier (Poitou)17 viewsRichard I (Richard the Lionheart): king of England (1189-1199) and count of Poitiers (1169-1196 and 1198-1199)
Denier (1169-1199, Poitou)

Billon, 1.01 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 11h
O/ +RICARDVS REX; cross pattée
R/ (ringlet)/PIC/TAVIE/NSIS

Pictaviensis means "from Poitou"
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S.1148 Aethelred II (crux penny, Winchester)17 viewsAethelred II, king of the English (978-1013 and 1014-1016)
Crux penny (moneyer: Brithmaer, mint: Winchester)

A/ +ΛEDELRED REX ΛNGLR X (AE and NG ligated) around central circle enclosing diademed & draped bust left holding a scepter
R/ BYRTHMΛER M-O PIN (AR ligated) around central circle containing voided cross with pellet center, C R V X in angles

silver, 1.65 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h
1 commentsDroger
aethelred2-long-cross.JPG
S.1151 Aethelred II (long cross penny, Winchester)8 viewsAethelred II, king of the English (978-1013 and 1014-1016)
Long cross penny (moneyer: Godwine, mint: Canterbury, 997-1003)

A/ +ΛEDELRED REX ΛNGLO (AE and NG ligated) around central circle enclosing draped bust left
R/ +GODE-PINE-MΩO-CΛENT (NE and ΛE ligated) ; long voided cross with terminal lunettes

silver, 1.65 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h
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eudes-denier-blois.JPG
D.163 Eudes (denier, Blois)15 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Blois)

Silver, 1.59 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +MISERICORDIΛ DE-I; monogram
R/ +BIESIΛNIS CΛSTR◊; cross pattée

Eudes was not a Carolingian. As count of Paris, he obtained successful results against the Viking attacks. He was then chosen by frankish noblemen to be the king. The legitimate heir Charles III the Simple was then too young to rule.

This type of coinage is a very Carolingian one.
Eudes made his own monograms. This one is quite elaborate, with ◊DO above and RX below. Still on the obverse, the inscription is Misericordia Dei instead of the traditional Gratia Dei Rex. These two features (monogram and legend) make this coin very similar to Louis III's coins of Touraine (Blois and Tours mainly).

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D.740 Eudes (denier, Orléans)10 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Orléans)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 10h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D TI; Eudes'monogram R / ◊D◊ / EX (inverted E) (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITAS; cross pattée

Contrary to Charlemagne and Charles the Bald, Eudes seems to have had some problems to choose a monogram or to explain to all mints how it had to look like...
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eudes-denier-toulouse.JPG
D.1012 Eudes (denier, Toulouse)31 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Toulouse)

Silver, 1.45 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +ODDO REX FR-C; cross pattée
R/ +TOLOSA CIVI; OD/DO monogram

Eudes'monogram is quite simple on this coin. It is made of 2D's and 2 O's (Oddo, which is Eudes in latin). The legend is a very traditional one.
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D.511 Eudes (denier, Limoges, immobilization)17 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Limoges)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 2h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ DI RE; odonic monogram + / ◊D◊ / + (legend beginning at 5h)
R/ +LIM◊VICΛS CIVIS ; cross pattée

This type was immobilized for 50 years ('til the middle of the 10th century).
2 commentsDroger
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S.1158 Cnut (pointed helmet penny, London)17 viewsCnut, king of England (1016-1035)
Pointed helmet penny (moneyer: Edwerd, mint: London, 1024-1030)

A/ +CNVT: - RECX A: around central circle enclosing bust in pointed helmet left holding scepter
R/ +ELEDERD ON LV(ND): around central circle enclosing quarters of short voided cross with circles in centre

silver, 1.04 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 7h

Peck marks are very common on these pennies. A large part of them was minted in order to pay the danegeld (tax raised to pay tribute to Vikings to save a land from their raids). These peck marks are supposed to have been made by Danes when checking the penny was in good silver.

1 commentsDroger
raoul-denier-paris.JPG
D.774 Rudolph (denier, Paris)9 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Paris)

Silver, 1.13 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 11h

O/ +CRATIA DI REX; monogram
R/ + / PΛRISI / CIVITΛ / +

Rudolph was elected king of Franks by noblemen in 923, after his father-in-law (Robert I)'s death.

Although Rudolph wasn't a carolingian, his coinage used a monogram.This monogram is clearly inspired by the habitual KRLS monogram. The letters seem to be R(?)DFS. Anyway, the F on the bottom can be cleary distinguished, and this coin can be attributed to Rudolph.

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D.733 Rudolph (denier, Orléans)8 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Orléans)

Silver, 1.27 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +CRΛTIΛ D-I REX; monogram RDFS (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛ cross pattée

This monogram is clearly an imitation of the tradition KRLS Charles' one. As often in Orléans' coinage, the I after an L in Avrelianis is in the angle of the L.
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D.308B Rudolph (denier, Château-Landon)19 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Château-Landon)

Silver, 1.16 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 4h

O/ +CRΛTIΛ D-I; odonic monogram of Rodolf (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +CΛSTIS LIΛNDNI; cross pattée

The R on the top of the monogram and the F below are for Rodulfus. The 2 lozenges on the sides may come from Eudes' monogram (Oddo). Eudes was the brother of Rudolph's father-in-law... sort of family alliance against Carolingians (although Rudolph's aunt had been married to Charles the Bald...). The I and the X are more mysterious.

According to Dumas, this coinage may have been struck after Rudolph's dead, by Hugues the Great, his brother-in-law... family business still.
1 commentsDroger
raoul-orleans.JPG
D.abs Rudolph (denier, Orléans)49 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Orléans)

Silver, 1.14 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 11h

O/ +CRΛTI[Λ D-I R]EX; monogram (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛ cross pattée

Same monogram as the previous coin minted in Château-Landon.
Same conclusions: according to Dumas, this coinage may have been struck after Rudolph's dead, by Hugh the Great.

As often in Orléans' coinage, the I after an L in Avrelianis is in the angle of the L.
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D.268 Lothair (denier, Chalon-sur-Saône)16 viewsLothair, king of the Franks (954-986)
Denier (Chalon-sur-Saône)

Silver, 1.26 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 1h

O/ +LOTARVS.REX; B
R/ +CAVILON.CIVT; cross pattée

The B on the obverse means Bourgogne.

Although Lothair's reign had lasted more than 30 years, his coins are quite scarce. Moreover, they are often hard to distinguish from feudal issues. The types are varied, as well as the spelling of the king's name, depending on the mint. This is an evidence of a lack of central control.
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S.1182 Edward the Confessor (hammer cross penny, York)5 viewsEdward the Confessor, king of England (1042-1066)
Hammer cross penny (moneyer: Thorr, mint: York, 1059-1062)

A/ +EΛDPΛRD-DRE; crowned, bearded bust right, scepter before
R/ +DORR ON EOFRPICE (barred D); hammer cross, annulet in one quarter

silver, 1.40 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 6h



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D.207 Lothair (denier, Bourges, immobilization ?)11 viewsLothair, king of the Franks (954-986)
Denier (Bourges)

Silver, 1.31 g, 22 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O/ +IOTERIVS REX; cross pattée
R/ +BITVRICES CIVIT; degenerated monogram

This type was immobilized 'til the beginning of the XI century.
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S.1257 William I the Conqueror (PAXS penny, London)15 viewsWilliam I the Conqueror, king of England (1066-1087)
PAXS penny (moneyer: Alfred, mint: London, 1083-1086?)

A/ +PILLELM RE; crowned bust facing, sceptre to right; clasp on shoulder
R/ +IELFRE ON LVNDN; cross with the letters PAXS in circles in the angles

silver, 1.40 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 6h

This type may have been struck by William II, son of William I.


2 commentsDroger
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S.2233 Henry VII Tudor (sovereign type penny, Durham)6 viewsHenry VII Tudor, king of England (1485-1509) and Bishop Richard Fox
Sovereign type penny (mint: Durham)

A/ [hENRIC] DI [GRA RE]X A[NG]; king seated on throne with one pilar, holding scepter and orb
R/ [CIVI-TA]S-DIR-hAm; royal shield on cross, mitre above, D and R on the sides

silver, 0.55 g, diameter 15 mm, die axis 8h
Droger
charles2-denier-immo-melle.JPG
Charles II the Bald (denier, Melle, immobilization)46 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, 10th century)

Silver, 1.15 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX R; cross pattée (S retrograd)
R/ MET / . / ALO

Not really a type that can be attributed to Charles the Bald... this type was immobilized and struck from the middle of the 10th century to the end of the 11th century ! Minting was then totally in the hands of of the counts of Poitou and out of control of the royal administration.
The obverse is similar to previous coinage, but with a retrograd S on most of the specimen. On the contrary, the mint name (in the field on the obverse) had never been used by Charles the Bald (METALO instead of METALLVUM).
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"8 Zhu" Ban Liang of Qin Kingdom (Eastern Zhou Dynasty)24 viewsMinted 300-220 BCE.

Two huge Chinese characters - Ban Liang ("Half an ounce"), no rims or other marks / Blank, no rims. Unfiled edges.

This very large thin coins of variable weight were made under the very late Zhou dynasty - they are local issues, and might belong either to the late "Warring States" period or the early Qin period.

31mm, 3.52 grams. Hartill #7.4.
Belisarius
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"As de Nîmes" or "crocodile" Ӕ dupondius of Nemausus (9 - 3 BC), honoring Augustus and Agrippa32 viewsIMP DIVI F , Heads of Agrippa (left) and Augustus (right) back to back, Agrippa wearing rostral crown and Augustus the oak-wreath / COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm-shoot with short dense fronds and tip right; two short palm offshoots left and right below, above on left a wreath with two long ties streaming right.

Ӕ, 24.5 x 3+ mm, 13.23g, die axis 3h; on both sides there are remains of what appears to be gold plating, perhaps it was a votive offering? Rough edges and slight scrapes on flan typical for this kind of coin, due to primitive technology (filing) of flan preparation.

IMPerator DIVI Filius. Mint of COLonia NEMausus (currently Nîmes, France). Known as "As de Nîmes", it is actually a dupontius (lit. "two-pounder") = 2 ases (sometimes cut in halves to get change). Dupondii were often made out of a golden-colored copper alloy (type of brass) "orichalcum" and this appears to be such case.

Key ID points: oak-wreath (microphotography shows that at least one leaf has a complicated shape, although distinguishing oak from laurel is very difficult) – earlier versions have Augustus bareheaded, no PP on obverse as in later versions, no NE ligature, palm with short fronds with tip right (later versions have tip left and sometimes long fronds). Not typical: no clear laurel wreath together with the rostral crown, gold (?) plating (!), both features really baffling.

But still clearly a "middle" kind of the croc dupondius, known as "type III": RIC I 158, RPC I 524, Sear 1730. It is often conservatively dated to 10 BC - 10 AD, but these days it is usually narrowed to 9/8 - 3 BC.

It is a commemorative issue, honoring the victory over Mark Antony and conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. The heads of Augustus and Agrippa were probably positioned to remind familiar obverses of Roman republican coins with two-faced Janus. Palm branch was a common symbol of victory, in this case grown into a tree, like the victories of Augustus and Agrippa grown into the empire. The two offshoots at the bottom may mean two sons of Agrippa, Gaius and Lucius, who were supposed to be Augustus' heirs and were patrons of the colony. Palm may also be a symbol of the local Nemausian deity, which was probably worshiped in a sacred grove. When these coins were minted, the colony was mostly populated by the settled veterans of Augustus' campaigns, hence the reminiscence of the most famous victory, but some of the original Celtic culture probably survived and was assimilated by Romans. The crocodile is not only the symbol of Egypt, like in the famous Octavian's coins AEGYPTO CAPTA. It is also a representation of Mark Antony, powerful and scary both in water and on land, but a bit slow and stupid. The shape of the crocodile with tail up was specifically chosen to remind of the shape of ship on very common "legionary" denarius series, which Mark Antony minted to pay his armies just before Actium. It is probably also related to the popular contemporary caricature of Cleopatra, riding on and simultaneously copulating with a crocodile, holding a palm branch in her hand as if in triumph. There the crocodile also symbolized Mark Antony.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was born c. 64-62 BC somewhere in rural Italy. His family was of humble and plebeian origins, but rich, of equestrian rank. Agrippa was about the same age as Octavian, and the two were educated together and became close friends. He probably first served in Caesar's Spanish campaign of 46–45 BC. Caesar regarded him highly enough to send him with Octavius in 45 BC to train in Illyria. When Octavian returned to Rome after Caesar's assassination, Agrippa became his close lieutenant, performing many tasks. He probably started his political career in 43 BC as a tribune of the people and then a member of the Senate. Then he was one of the leading Octavian's generals, finally becoming THE leading general and admiral in the civil wars of the subsequent years.

In 38 as a governor of Transalpine Gaul Agrippa undertook an expedition to Germania, thus becoming the first Roman general since Julius Caesar to cross the Rhine. During this foray he helped the Germanic tribe of Ubii (who previously allied themselves with Caesar in 55 BC) to resettle on the west bank of the Rhine. A shrine was dedicated there, possibly to Divus Caesar whom Ubii fondly remembered, and the village became known as Ara Ubiorum, "Altar of Ubians". This quickly would become an important Roman settlement. Agrippina the Younger, Agrippa's granddaughter, wife of Emperor Claudius and mother of Emperor Nero, would be born there in 15 AD. In 50 AD she would sponsor this village to be upgraded to a colonia, and it would be renamed Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (colony of Claudius [at] the Altar of Agrippinians – Ubii renamed themselves as Agrippinians to honor the augusta!), abbreviated as CCAA, later to become the capital of new Roman province, Germania Inferior.

In 37 BC Octavian recalled Agrippa back to Rome and arranged for him to win the consular elections, he desperately needed help in naval warfare with Sextus Pompey, the youngest son of Pompey the Great, who styled himself as the last supporter of the republican cause, but in reality became a pirate king, an irony since his father was the one who virtually exterminated piracy in all the Roman waters. He forced humiliating armistice on the triumvirs in 39 BC and when Octavian renewed the hostilities a year later, defeated him in a decisive naval battle of Messina. New fleet had to be built and trained, and Agrippa was the man for the job. Agrippa's solution was creating a huge secret naval base he called Portus Iulius by connecting together lakes Avernus, Avernus and the natural inner and outer harbors behind Cape Misenum at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples. He also created a larger type of ship and developed a new naval weapon: harpax – a ballista-launched grapnel shot with mechanisms that allowed pulling enemy ships close for easy boarding. It replaced the previous boarding device that Romans used since the First Punic War, corvus – effective, but extremely cumbersome. A later defence against it were scythe blades on long poles for cutting ropes, but since this invention was developed in secret, the enemy had no chance to prepare anything like it. It all has proved extremely effective: in a series of naval engagements Agrippa annihilated the fleet of Sextus, forced him to abandon his bases and run away. For this Agrippa was awarded an unprecedented honour that no Roman before or after him received: a rostral crown, "corona rostrata", a wreath decorated in front by a prow and beak of a ship.

That's why Virgil (Aeneid VIII, 683-684), describing Agrippa at Actium, says: "…belli insigne superbum, tempora navali fulgent rostrata corona." "…the proud military decoration, gleams on his brow the naval rostral crown". Actium, the decisive battle between forces of Octavian and Mark Antony, may appear boring compared to the war with Sextus, but it probably turned out this way due to Agrippa's victories in preliminary naval engagements and taking over all the strategy from Octavian.

In between the wars Agrippa has shown an unusual talent in city planning, not only constructing many new public buildings etc., but also greatly improving Rome's sanitation by doing a complete overhaul of all the aqueducts and sewers. Typically, it was Augustus who later would boast that "he had found the city of brick but left it of marble", forgetting that, just like in his naval successes, it was Agrippa who did most of the work. Agrippa had building programs in other Roman cities as well, a magnificent temple (currently known as Maison Carrée) survives in Nîmes itself, which was probably built by Agrippa.

Later relationship between Augustus and Agrippa seemed colder for a while, Agrippa seemed to even go into "exile", but modern historians agree that it was just a ploy: Augustus wanted others to think that Agrippa was his "rival" while in truth he was keeping a significant army far away from Rome, ready to come to the rescue in case Augustus' political machinations fail. It is confirmed by the fact that later Agrippa was recalled and given authority almost equal to Augustus himself, not to mention that he married Augustus' only biological child. The last years of Agrippa's life were spent governing the eastern provinces, were he won respect even of the Jews. He also restored Crimea to Roman Empire. His last service was starting the conquest of the upper Danube, were later the province of Pannonia would be. He suddenly died of illness in 12 BC, aged ~51.

Agrippa had several children through his three marriages. Through some of his children, Agrippa would become ancestor to many subsequent members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He has numerous other legacies.
Yurii P
149.jpg
"EVMENEΩN" and "ΦIΛΩNIΔOY" (monograms to be read as)181 viewsPHRYGIA. Eumeneia. Fulvia. Ć 19. Ca. 41-40 B.C. Obv: Draped bust of Fulvia as winged Nike r.; 2 cm’s, (1) on head, (2) above head. Rev: (ΦYΛOYIANΩN) to right, ΣMEPTOPIΓ(OΣ)/(ΦIΛΩNIΔOY) in 2 lines to l. Athena adv. l., hld. spear and shield. Ref: BMC 20-21 (?); RPC 3139 (7 pcs). Axis: 330°. Weight: 6.84 g. Magistrate: Zmertorigos Philopatris. Note: Eumeneia changed its name to Fulvia on the occasion of Mark Antony's journey to the east in 41 B.C., likely propmting the issue of coins. After Fulvia died the city took back its old name. On BMC 21 the ethnic "ΦYΛOVIANΩN" may be purposefully erased, which also seems to be the case on this specimen! Both coins are countermarked, and the cm's may be read "EVMENEΩN" and "ΦIΛΩNIΔOY". The purpose of countermarking in combination with the erasure of the city name, thus, seems to have been to make note of second name change. CM(1): Monogram of EVMNO (?), in circ. punch, 4 mm. CM(2): Monogram of ΦIΛNΔ (?), in circ. punch, 3.5 mm. Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
opium weights.jpg
'Opium weights'87 viewsSet of five hintha bird weights (a Brahmani Duck (Hamsa) emblem of the Mon kingdom with duck’s bill, crested comb, bulging eyes, side wings and upturned tail standing with 2 legs and rear post on a tapered hexagonal base with serrated edge). These are sometimes referred to as cock weights or opium weights. The bases are hexagonal - probably from Burma or surrounding The lighest one is 15g and they double up from there

Likely late 18th or early 19th century

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
nerva.jpg
(0096) NERVA15 views96 - 98 AD
struck 97 AD
Copper as, 28.3 mm; 10.735 g RIC II 83, BMCRE III 130, Cohen II 68, BnF III 116, Hunter I -, SRCV II
O: IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS III P P, laureate head right;
R: FORTVNA AVGVST (good fortune of the Emperor), Fortuna standing left, rudder held by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field;
Rome mint; RIC II 83, BMCRE III 130, Cohen II 68, BnF III 116, Hunter I -, SRCV II --from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren
(ex Forum)
laney
had_hilar.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN36 views117 - 138 AD
struck 128 - 129 AD
AE sestertius 31 mm 21.90 g
O: Laureate head right. Reverse - HILARITAS P R, S C in fields, COS III in exergue,
R: Hilaritas standing facing holding palm & cornucopia, two small children flanking her, S - C
COS III IN EXE.
ROME
RCV 3602, RIC 970
laney
JULIA_DOMNA_LION.jpg
(0193) JULIA DOMNA31 views(wife of Septimius Severus; mother of emperors Geta and Caracalla)
d. 217 AD
AE 16 mm 2.39 g
O: DRASPED BUST R
R: LION WALKING RIGHT
NICOPOLIS AD ISTRUM
MOESIA INFERIOR
laney
sept_sev_panther_res.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS28 views193 - 211 AD
AE 16 mm, 1.75 g
O: laureate bust right
R: panther walking right, CICT below
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
laney
sept_sev_men_b_(1).jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS38 views193 - 211 AD
AE 23 mm 5.05 g
O: Rad Bust right
R: The Eastern god MEN draped & wearing Phrygian hat, standing facing, head right, right foot on bucranium and crescent on shoulders; holding scepter in left hand, right arm holding globe surmounted by Nike walking right with trophy on shoulder; cock at foot left
ANTIOCH in PISIDIA
laney
septim_lion_nik.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS11 views193-211 AD
AE 17.6 mm, 2.73 g
O: AV KAI CE - CEVHROC Laureate head right
R: NIKOPOLIT PR - OC ICT Lion walking right
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1405 (1 ex., Wien)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2388
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.53.14
laney
lion_unk_res.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS (possibly)25 views193 - 211 A.D.
AE 10 mm, 1.72 g
O: laureate bust right;
R: lion walking righT
Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior
laney
geta_lion.jpg
(0198) GETA28 views198 - 212 AD
AE 18 mm; 3.40 g
O: Π ΣΕΠΤ ΓΕΤΑΣ Draped cuirassed bust right
R: ΑΓΞΙΑ-ΛΕΩΝ Lion walking right
Thrace, Anchialos mint; Varbanov, GIC II 456 v.
laney
geta_lion~0.jpg
(0198) GETA as Caesar11 viewsGeta, as Caesar: 198-209 AD
AE 19 mm, 3.36 g
O: Youthful, draped bust right.
R: Lion walking right.
Thrace, Pautalia; cf Varbanov 5391 var. (reverse inverted legend)

laney
thrace_augus_rhoem_1.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS15 viewsca. 11 BC - 12 AD
AE 18 mm; 5.13 g
O: Diademed head of Rhoemetalces I (client King of Thrace) right;
R: Bare head of Augustus right;
Thrace; RPC I-1718; SNG Cop 1192; BMC 7-9
laney
diadum_syria.jpg
(0217) DIADUMENIAN as Caesar39 views217 - 218 AD
AR tetradrachm 24.5 mm max; 11.92 g
O: AVT K M OPEL ANTONEINOC Radiate draped bust of Diadumenian right
R: DMARX CZVPATOC eagle facing, wings spread, head right, lion walking between legs;
Cyrrhestica, Syria; cf Prieur 947; Bellinger 108. Rare
d.s.
laney
elagabal_pan_2C.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS45 views218 - 222 AD
AE 26.5 mm 9.24 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: Pan, with horns and legs of a goat, standing left, looking right, holding pedum and syrinx; left foot on panther lying on its back.
MOESIA INFERIOR, Nicopolis ad Istrum AMNG 1933
laney
elagaba_raph_resb.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS26 views218-222 AD
AE 24 mm; 8.65 g
O: Laureate bust right.
R: Genius of the city holding cornucopia, with eagles flanking, bull to left.
Raphanea, Syria; BMC 3
laney
elagabal_pan_pelle.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS22 views218 - 222 AD
AE 26.5 mm 9.24 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: Pan, with horns and legs of a goat, standing left, looking right, holding pedum and syrinx; left foot on panther lying on its back.
MOESIA INFERIOR, Nicopolis ad Istrum AMNG 1933
laney
tyre_stags_pygmal_b.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS--Tyre21 views218 – 222 AD
AE 28mm, 9.73g
O: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: Nude male figure (probably representing King Pygmalion of Tyre=Pu'mayatton, 831-785 BC) advancing left, chlamys over extended right arm, holding transverse spear and shield(?) in raised left hand ; behind him at right, 4 stags leaping right; star above; murex shell below
Phoenicia, Tyre (Tyros);
ref. Rouvier VII, p.80, 2388; BMC Phoenicia p.277, 408; Babelon ("Les Perses Achemenides")
2244; Mionnet V, 657; not in SNG Copenghagen, SNG UK, SNG Deutschland, SNG
Righetti, Lindgren; Rare
(thank you to Jochen for details)
laney
sev_alex_mars_a_res.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER28 views222-235 AD
Struck 228 AD
AE Sestertius 28 X 30 mm, 21.99 g
O: IMP CAES AVT SEV ALEXANDER AVG laureate draped cuirassed bust right
R: _PM TRP_COS_/ SC Mars walking right holding spear and trophy over shoulder
Rome; cf RIC 456
laney
gordian_bery_copy.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III34 views238-244 AD
Struck 241-244 AD
Ć 28 X 30 mm, 16.11 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
R: Tetrastyle temple of Astarte, half-length bust of Astarte facing, flanked by standards within; lion walking right below.
PHOENICIA, Berytus
Sawaya 2177 (D382/R830); BMC 228-9; SNG Copenhagen 123
laney
phil_ii_nike.jpg
(0247) PHILIP II15 views247-249 AD
AE 24.4 mm; 11.24 g
O: MAΡ IOYΛI [ΦIΛIΠ]ΠOC (or similar), bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: [ΘECCAΛ]ONIKEΩN NE[ΩK], Nike walking left, holding apples and palm branch, prize urn containing one palm branch at her feet. Thessalonica, Macedonia; cf Varbanov 4738 var
laney
treb_gal_temple.jpg
(0251) TREBONIANUS GALLUS17 views251 - 253 AD
AE (8 Assaria) 29 mm; 15.22 g
O:AYTOK K Γ OYIB TPEB ΓAΛΛOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind;
R: ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩN, ∆-E above, SC below, tetrastyle temple; inside Tyche seated left with river god Orontes at her feet swimming left; ram above temple leaping right looking back
Syria, Seleucis and Pieria, Antioch ad Orontem mint
McAlee 1181, SNG Cop 292, BMC Galatia p. 229, 654, SGICV 4350
laney
gallien_stag_right_res.jpg
(0253) GALLIENUS10 views253 - 268 AD
Struck 267-268 AD
AE 20.5 mm max.
O: GALLIENVS AVG Radiate head right
R: DINAE CONS AVG stag walking right
laney
CLAUDIUS_II.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II (GOTHICUS)27 views268 - 270 AD
AE ANT. 20.5 mm 3.75 g
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG
RAD BUST R
R: MARS VLTOR
MARS WALKING R HOLDING SPEAR AND TROPHY
RIC 66 VAR.
laney
claud_goth_pax_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS25 views268 - 270 AD
AE 20 mm 2.87 g
O: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG Radiate, draped bust r.
R: PAX AVG Pax walking l., holding olive branch and scepter; T in exe
Milan mint
RIC 157a
laney
cl_goth_pax_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS21 views268 - 270 AD
AE 19 mm, 2.20 g
Obverse: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG Radiate, draped bust right
Reverse: PAX AVG Pax walking l., holding olive branch and scepter; T in exe.
Milan mint; RIC 157
(EB)
laney
cl_goth_mars_ultor_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS21 views268 - 270 AD
AE 17.5 mm max. 2.47 g
O: IMP CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right;
R: MARS VLTOR, Mars walking right, holding spear in right hand and spear across shoulder in left, H in right field
Rome mint; RIC V 67
(EB)
laney
claud_ii_alexandria_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS59 views268 - 270 AD
Struck Sept. 268 - Aug. 269 AD (year 1)
Billon Tetradrachm 22 mm 8.62 g
O: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: Eagle standing R, looking back, holding wreath in beak, date AL (year 1) right;
Geissen 3015, Curtis 1670, BMC 2331
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
laney
aurelian_oriens_sol_right_res~0.jpg
(0270) AURELIAN22 views270 - 275 AD
AE 21 mm, 4.02 g
O: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG radiate cuirassed bust right
R: ORIENS AVG, Sol walking right with laurel branch and bow, trampling enemy, H in left field; XXIR in exe
Rome mint
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aurelian_concordia_2_res.jpg
(0270) AURELIAN19 views2700 - 275 AD
AE 21 mm 3.83 g
O: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM Aurelian standing right shaking hands with Concordia standing left; star T in exe
Siscia mint; RIC 215

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aurelian_conserv_blk.jpg
(0270) AURELIAN29 views270 - 275 AD
AE 21.5 mm, 3.94 g
O: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
R: CONSERVAT AVG , Sol walking left, right hand raised, globe in left, treading on seated captive, A in ex
Antioch mint, RIC 384
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tetricus_ii_spes_res.jpg
(0273) TETRICUS II19 views273 - 274 (as Caesar)
struck 274 AD
AE 19 mm; 2.74 g
O: C PIV ESV [TETRI]CVS CAES radiate bust right
R: SPES AVGG Spes walking left holding flower and hem of skirt
RIC 270
laney
tetricus_ii_res.jpg
(0273) TETRICUS II 39 views273 - 274 AD (as Caesar)
struck 274
AE antoninianus 18.5 mm 2.95 g
O: C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate, draped bust right.
R: SPES AVGG, Spes walking left, holding flower and raising skirt.
RIC 270
laney
probus_mars_res.jpg
(0276) PROBUS18 views276 - 282 AD
AE 22 mm, 3.25 g
O: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
R: VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy; T in lower right field; XXI in exe.
Siscia mint

laney
constantius_ii_hut_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II17 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
struck ca 348 - 361 AD
AE 20 X 21 mm 4.08 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG bust left holding globe
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO helmeted soldier walking right, with head left, leading young barbarian out of hut; tree behind.
laney
FAUSTA.jpg
(0324) FAUSTA57 views(2nd wife of Constantine I; daughter of Maximian; mother of emperors Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans)
324 - 326 AD
AE 20.7 mm 2.86 g
O: FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG
DR BUST R, HAIR WAVED WITH BUN AT TACK, WEARING PEARL NECKLACE
R: SPES REIPVBLICAE
FAUSTA STANDING FACING, LOOKING L, HOLDING INFANTS CONSTANTINE II AND CONSTANTIUS II
SMK DELTA(?) IN EXE
RIC 50 SCARCE
laney
constans_glor_ex_asis_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS16 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
struck 337 - 340 A.D.
AE 16 mm; 1.33 g
O: CONSTAN - S P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: GLOR - IA EXERC - ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and leaning on shields flanking standard decorated with Chi-Rho, ASIS and dotted crescent in exe
Siscia mint; RIC VIII 99
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DELMATIUS.jpg
(0335) DELMATIUS26 viewsCAESAR 18 SEP. 335 - MID 337 AD
AE 16.2 mm 1.312 g
O: FL DELMATIVS NOB C
LAUREATE DRAPED AND CUIRASSED BUST R
R:
GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS
TWO SOLDIERS HOLDING SPEARS AND SHIELDS ON GROUND FLAKING SINGLE STANDARD
BSIS IN EXE
SISCIA RIC 256
(ex Forum)
laney
delmatius_2_res.jpg
(0335) DELMATIUS31 views335 - 337 AD
AE 16.5 mm 1.64 g
O: FL DELMA TIVS NOB C Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA - EXERC-ITVS Two soldiers standing facing, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on shield, flanking a labarum (Christogram standard)
PCONST in ex
Arles mint
RIC VII 399; very scarce (RIC R3)
laney
delmatius_res.jpg
(0335) DELMATIUS (Caesar)30 views335 - 337 AD.
AE Follis 16.5 mm 1.72 g
O: FL IVL DELMATIVS NOB C, his laureate and cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers flanking a single standard, SMKG in ex.
CYZICUS MINT RIC 132
laney
GRAT_GLORIA_SISC_RES.jpg
(0367) GRATIAN--GLORIA36 views367 - 383 AD
AE 17.5 mm 2.35 g
O: D N GRATIANVS P F AVG, BUST RIGHT
R: GLORIA ROMANORVM, GRATIAN WALKING R DRAGGING CAPTIVE AND HOLDING LABARUM, "N" IN L FIELD "*/R" IN RIGHT FIELD
SISCIA
laney
valentin_II_vict_res.jpg
(0375) VALENTINIAN II37 views375 - 392 AD
AE 13 mm; 1.11 g
O: D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: VICTORIA AVGGG, Victory walking left, wreath in right, palm frond in left; ASIS in exe.
Siscia mint; cf. RIC IX 39(a), LRBC 1575 (scarce)
laney
val_salus_res.jpg
(0375) VALENTINIAN II25 views375 - 392 AD
AE 11.5 mm; 1.24 g
O: [D N VALEN]TINIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: SALVS REI-P[VBLICAE], Victory walking left, trophy over shoulder and, dragging captive behind her; Chi-Rho in left field
SM--? in exe; Cyzicus or Nicomedia mint
laney
valentinian_ii_avgg_res.jpg
(0375) VALENTINIAN II17 views375 - 392 AD
AE 12.5 X 14 mm; 0.78 g
O: D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: VICTORIA AVGGG, Victory walking left, wreath in right, palm frond in left; SIS in exe.
Siscia mint
laney
theod_concor_res.jpg
(0379) THEODOSIUS I24 views379 - 395 AD.
AE 17 mm, 1.77 g
O: DN THEODOSIVS PF AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right,
R: CONCORDIA AVGGG, Constantinopolis seated facing, turret on head, looking half right, holding sceptre, left hand on knee;
BSISC in exe.
Siscia mint
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theod_11_res.jpg
(0379) THEODOSIUS I29 views379 - 395 AD
AE 8 mm; 1.16 g
O: D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy in right over shoulder, dragging captive with left, christogram left, CONSA in ex
Constantinople mint;
laney
claudius_denarius.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS45 views41-54 AD (struck 41/2)
AR Denarius 3.50 g
O: TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG P M TR P, laureate head right
R: PACI AVGVSTAE, Nemesis walking right, holding caduceus, serpent before.
RIC 10 (R3); RSC 51
(ex Forman collection)
2 commentslaney
LEO_VI.jpg
(0886) LEO VI (The Wise)36 views886 - 912 AD
AE FOLLIS 25 mm 6.69 g
O: + LЄOn ЬAS ILЄ[V]S ROm
BUST FACING, WITH SHORT BEARD, WEARING CROWN & CHALMYS
R +LЄOn/Єn ӨЄO ЬA/SILЄVS R/OmЄOn IN FOUR LINES ( Leo by the grace of God king of the Romans )
CONSTANTINOPLE
SBV 1729 - DO8
laney
constantine_x.jpg
(1059) CONSTANTINE X27 views1059-1067 AD
AE FOLLIS 31 mm max. 6.92 g
Obverse: Christ facing
Reverse: Eudocia and Constantine facing
SB 1853
(gouges on obverse are the result of overstriking on an earlier issue that appears to be a class D anonymous follis (Sear 1836).
laney
titus_spes_blk_res.jpg
(11) TITUS29 views79-81 AD
AE Sestertius 34 mm, 21.85 g
O: laureate head right
R: S-C, Greek archaic statue of Spes (Elpis) walking left
Cohen 221.
laney
Janus119BCCrawford281_1.jpg
(500a) Roman Republic, 119 BC, M. Furius Philius - Furia 1881 viewsRoman Republic, 119 BC, M. Furius Philius - Furia 18. Crawford 281/1, Sydenham 529; 19mm, 3.23 grams. aVF, Rome; Obverse: laureate head of Janus, M FORVRI L F around; Reverse: Roma standing left erecting trophy, Galic arms around, PHLI in exergue. Ex Ephesus Numismatics.

Gauis Marius
As a novus homo, or new man, Marius found the rise in the Roman cursus honorum ( "course of honours"-- the sequential order of public offices held by aspiring politicians in the Roman Republic) a daunting challenge. It is certain that he used his old family client contacts and his military relations as a source of support. Among these contacts were the powerful Metelli family, and their early support was to prove to be a disaster for them. Just a few short years after his service as Quaestor, Marius was elected Tribune of the Plebes in 119 BC. In this position so soon after the political turmoil and murder of the Gracchi brothers (Gaius murdered 123 BC), Marius chose to follow the populares path, making a name for himself under similar auspices. As Tribune, he would ensure the animosity of the conservative faction of the Senate, and the Metelli, by passing popular laws forbidding the inspection of ballot boxes. In do doing, he directly opposed the powerful elite, who used ballot inspection as a way to intimidate voters in the citizen assembly elections.

Marius would go on to be elected Consul seven times and figure prominantly in the civil unrest of the early eighties as Lucius Cornelius Sulla's opponent. In 88 BC, Sulla had been elected Consul. There was now a choice before the Senate about which general to send to Asia (a potentially lucrative command): either Marius or Sulla. The Senate chose Sulla, but soon the Assembly appointed Marius. In this unsavory episode of low politics, Marius had been helped by the unscrupulous actions of Publius Sulpicius Rufus, whose debts Marius had promised to erase. Sulla refused to acknowledge the validity of the Assembly's action.

Sulla left Rome and traveled to "his"army waiting in Nola, the army the Senate had asked him to lead to Asia. Sulla urged his legions to defy the Assembly's orders and accept him as their rightful leader. Sulla was successful, and the legions murdered the representatives from the Assembly. Sulla then commanded six legions to march with him opon Rome and institute a civil war.

This was a momentous event, and was unforeseen by Marius, as no Roman army had ever marched upon Rome—it was forbidden by law and ancient tradition.

Sulla was to eventually rule Rome as Dictator. In his book Rubicon, historian Tom Holland argues that Sulla's actions had no lasting negative effect upon the health of the Republic, that Sulla was at heart a Republican. However, once a Roman general has defied Republican tradition, once a Roman general has used his command to combat fellow Romans, once a Roman general has set-up himself as Dictator--it follows that the decision to replicate these decsions (think: Caesar and Rubicon) is that much more easiely taken.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.





Cleisthenes
Denarius91BC.jpg
(501i) Roman Republic, D. Junius L.f. Silanus, 91 B.C.58 viewsSilver denarius, Syd 646a, RSC Junia 16, S 225 var, Cr 337/3 var, VF, 3.718g, 18.6mm, 0o, Rome mint, 91 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, X (control letter) behind; reverse Victory in a biga right holding reins in both hands, V (control numeral) above, D•SILANVS / ROMA in ex; mint luster in recesses. Ex FORVM.

Although the coin itself does not commemorate the event, the date this coin was struck is historically significant.

MARCUS Livius DRUSUS (his father was the colleague of Gaius Gracchus in the tribuneship, 122 B.C.), became tribune of the people in 91 B.C. He was a thoroughgoing conservative, wealthy and generous, and a man of high integrity. With some of the more intelligent members of his party (such as Marcus Scaurus and L. Licinius Crassus the orator) he recognized the need of reform. At that time an agitation was going on for the transfer of the judicial functions from the equites to the senate; Drusus proposed as a compromise a measure which restored to the senate the office of judices, while its numbers were doubled by the admission of 300 equites. Further, a special commission was to be appointed to try and sentence all judices guilty of taking bribes.

The senate was hesitant; and the equites, whose occupation was threatened, offered the most violent opposition. In order, therefore, to catch the popular votes, Drusus proposed the establishment of colonies in Italy and Sicily, and an increased distribution of corn at a reduced rate. By help of these riders the bill was carried.

Drusus now sought a closer alliance with the Italians, promising them the long coveted boon of the Roman franchise. The senate broke out into open opposition. His laws were abrogated as informal, and each party armed its adherents for the civil struggle which was now inevitable. Drusus was stabbed one evening as he was returning home. His assassin was never discovered (http://62.1911encyclopedia.org/D/DR/DRUSUS_MARCUS_LIVIUS.htm).

The ensuing "Social War" (91-88 B.C.) would set the stage for the "Civil Wars" (88-87 & 82-81 B.C.) featuring, notably, Marius & Sulla; two men who would make significant impressions on the mind of a young Julius Caesar. Caesar would cross the Rubicon not thirty years later.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
LonginusDenarius.jpg
(504c) Roman Republic, L. Cassius Longinus, 63 B.C.68 viewsSilver denarius, Crawford 413/1, RSC I Cassia 10, SRCV I 364, aVF, struck with worn dies, Rome mint, weight 3.867g, maximum diameter 20.3mm, die axis 0o, c. 63 B.C. Obverse: veiled bust of Vesta left, kylix behind, L before; Reverse: LONGIN III V, voter standing left, dropping tablet inscribed V into a cista.

The reverse of this Longinus denarius captures a fascinating moment when a Roman citizen casts his ballot. "The abbreviation III V [ir] indentifies Longinus as one of the three annually appointed mintmasters (officially called tres viri aere argento auro flando feriundo). A citizen is seen casting his vote into the urn. On the ballot is the letter 'U', short for uti rogas, a conventional formula indicating assent to a motion. The picture alludes to the law, requested by an ancestor of the mintmaster, which introduced the secret ballot in most proceedings of the popular court" (Meier, Christian. Caesar, a Biography. Berlin: Severin and Siedler, 1982. Plate 6).

The date that this denarius was struck possesses unique significance for another reason. Marcus Tullius Cicero (politician, philosopher, orator, humanist) was elected consul for the year 63 BC -- the first man elected consul who had no consular ancestors in more than 30 years. A "new man," Cicero was not the descendant of a "patrician" family, nor was his family wealthy (although Cicero married "well"). Cicero literally made himself the man he was by the power of the words he spoke and the way in which he spoke them. A witness to and major player during the decline of the Roman Republic, Cicero was murdered in 43 BC by thugs working for Marc Antony. But Cicero proved impossible to efface.

Cicero's words became part of the bed rock of later Roman education. As Peter Heather notes, every educated young man in the late Roman Empire studied "a small number of literary texts under the guidance of an expert in language and literary interpretation, the grammarian. This occupied the individual for seven or more years from about the age of eight, and concentrated on just four authors: Vergil, Cicero, Sallust and Terence" (Heather, Peter. The Fall of the Roman Empire: A New History of Rome and the Barbarians. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. 17).


Plutarch: Cicero's Death

But in the meantime the assassins were come with a band of soldiers, Herennius, a centurion, and Popillius, a tribune, whom Cicero had formerly defended when prosecuted for the murder of his father. Finding the doors shut, they broke them open, and Cicero not appearing, and those within saying they knew not where he was, it is stated that a youth, who had been educated by Cicero in the liberal arts and sciences, an emancipated slave of his brother Quintus, Philologus by name, informed the tribune that the litter was on its way to the sea through the close and shady walks. The tribune, taking a few with him, ran to the place where he was to come out. And Cicero, perceiving Herennius running in the walks, commanded his servants to set down the litter; and stroking his chin, as he used to do, with his left hand, he looked steadfastly upon his murderers, his person covered with dust, his beard and hair untrimmed, and his face worn with his troubles. So that the greatest part of those that stood by covered their faces whilst Herennius slew him. And thus was he murdered, stretching forth his neck out of the litter, being now in his sixty-fourth year. Herennius cut off his head, and, by Antony's command, his hands also, by which his Philippics were written; for so Cicero styled those orations he wrote against Antony, and so they are called to this day.

When these members of Cicero were brought to Rome, Antony was holding an assembly for the choice of public officers; and when he heard it, and saw them, he cried out, "Now let there be an end of our proscriptions." He commanded his head and hands to be fastened up over the rostra, where the orators spoke; a sight which the Roman people shuddered to behold, and they believed they saw there, not the face of Cicero, but the image of Antony's own soul. And yet amidst these actions he did justice in one thing, by delivering up Philologus to Pomponia, the wife of Quintus; who, having got his body into her power, besides other grievous punishments, made him cut off his own flesh by pieces, and roast and eat it; for so some writers have related. But Tiro, Cicero's emancipated slave, has not so much as mentioned the treachery of Philologus.

Translation by John Dryden: http://intranet.grundel.nl/thinkquest/moord_cicero_plu.html

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
PO_1598_0400_R.jpg
(n.d.) 4 Reales8 viewsn.d. 4 Reales
Potosi, Bolivia
King Philip III (1598 - 1621)
Assayer: R (Baltasar Ramos Leceta; 1605? - 1612)
13.69 grams
Sedwick type: P40
cmcdon0923
PO_1630_0800_T.jpg
(n.d.) 8 Reales4 viewsn.d. 8 Reales
Potosi, Bolivia
King Philip IV
Assayer: T (Juan Ximez de Tapia; 1629-31)
27.25 grams
Sedwick type: P26
cmcdon0923
rjb_2011_04_17.jpg
(VII)28914 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate head right
SARMATIA DEVICTA
Victory walking right with captive at feet
-/-//PLON crescent
RIC (VII) 289
mauseus
rjb_2011_08_10.jpg
(VII)29018 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS AG
Laureate head right
SARMATIA DEVICTA
Victory walking right with captive at feet
-/-//PLON crescent
RIC (VII) 290
1 commentsmauseus
coin641.jpg
*DS*Antiochus III, AE 1217 viewsSNGIs 583 *DS*Antiochus III, AE 12, Apollo standing rev GREEK; Antiochus III, King of Syria, 223-187 BC; AE 12, Antioch mint; Obv: Laureated head of Apollo right. Rev: Apollo standing left, holds arrow and leans on bow. Houghton 70, Spaer 583,
Coin #641
cars100
AmyntasIII.jpg
*Kings of Macedon. Amyntas III. 389-369 B.C. AE 14 mm38 viewsObv: Head of Herakles r., wearing lion-skin.
Rev: Eagle devouring serpent r.
SNG C 557.
ancientone
elymais.jpg
*Parthia. Second indeterminate king (de Morgan's Prince 'A') (c. A.D. 210?)34 viewsAE Drachm, 1.52 g, 13 mm
Mint/ unknown, undated
Obv/ diademed, bearded bust left.
Rev/ Artemis standing right with bow and arrow
ancientone
Kushans_Huvishka.jpg
*SOLD*28 viewsKushans Huvishka AE25

Attribution: Mitch ACW 3300
Date: AD 158-195
Obverse: King riding elephant r.
Reverse: Siva stg. l.
Size: 25.57 mm
Weight:10.3 grams
Noah
AugI439.jpg
- 27 BC - 14 AD - Augustus - RIC I 439 - As with "S C" Reverse106 viewsEmperor: Augustus (r. 27 BC - 14 AD)
Date: 6 BC
Condition: Fair
Denomination: As

Obverse: CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT
Caesar Augustus Chief Priest Tribune
Bare head right

Reverse: SEX NONIVS QVINCTILIAN IIIVIR AAAFF around S C.
Sex. Nonius Quinctilianus of The Three Men for Striking and Casting Gold, Silver and Bronze by Senatorial Decree.

Rome mint
RIC I Augustus 439
10.07g; 26.5mm; 270°
1 commentsPep
AugI425.jpg
- 27 BC-14 AD - Augustus - RIC I 425 - Cornucopia and Altar Quadrans63 viewsEmperor: Augustus (r. 27 BC - 14 AD)
Date: 8 BC
Condition: VF
Denomination: Quadrans

Obverse: PVLCHER TAVRVS REGVLVS
Pulcher Taurus Regulus (moneyer)
S - C to left and right of cornucopia

Reverse: IIIVIR AAAFF round garlanded altar
The Three Men for Striking and Casting Gold, Silver and Bronze.

Rome mint
RIC I Augustus 425
3.14g; 18.2mm; 15°
Pep
prutahjanfull1.jpg
0 - Alexander Jannaeus Prutah - H. 469108 viewsThis coin, minted under the reign of Alexander Jannaeus (103 BCE - 76 BCE), is a bronze prutah.
OBV. Upside-down achor reading BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOY.
REV. Eight ponted star, letters in the spokes, reading 'Yehonatan the King'.
aarmale
Diadumenian_AR-tet_11_3gr_mar2012_o-r_90%.JPG
0 - M - Diadumenian - AR - Silver Tetradrachm - Lion beneath Eagle39 views~
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Ancient Roman Empire
Diadumenian as Caesar, Coin Struck AD 218.
Son of Emperor Macrinus (8 April 217 AD – June 218 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Heirapolis.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Radiate bust of Diadumenian facing right. Draped and Cuirassed, Seen from Behind.
rev: Eagle standing facing, wings spread, holding wreath in beak. Lion walking right beneath.

Weight: 11.3 Grams
~~~~
*****~ HUGE PHOTO - CLICK PICTURE TO ENLARGE FULLY ~ *****
~~~
Reference: Prieur 947
I want to thank Mat and Potator for their help with the ID of this coin.
~~~
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6 commentsrexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_02.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria19 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Reverse.
1 commentsrexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_07.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria17 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Reverse.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_09.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria13 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Reverse.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_obv_13_cut.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria18 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Obverse, bust cut.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_00.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria19 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_01_cut_portrait.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria.16 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
------
Bust, cut.
rexesq
V539.jpg
00 Domitian as Caesar RIC 53991 viewsAR Denarius, 3.17g
Rome mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMITIAN COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: No legend; Domitian on horse l.; cloak flying out behind, r. hand raised, sceptre in l.
RIC 539 (R). BMC 122. RSC 665. BNC -.
Acquired from NumisCorner, June 2018.

This is the first denarius struck at Rome for Domitian as Caesar. Fittingly, it commemorates Domitian's appearance at Vespasian and Titus' joint Jewish War Triumph - 'while taking part in the Judaean triumph, he rode on a white horse' (Suetonius, Domitian, ii), which was the normal conduct for a young prince on such occasions. The type was struck in three variants: firstly, with a clockwise obverse legend and DOMITIAN fully spelled out, as we see here. Secondly, it was shortened to DOMIT, with the legend still running clockwise. Lastly, the legend direction was changed to counter clockwise with DOMIT. The first two variants are quite rare, the last relatively common. On this coin we see a cloak flying out from behind Domitian. This interesting detail only appears on a few coins from the first variant and does not show up on subsequent issues of the type. Most likely this variant with the cloak was the earliest version of the type which was then quickly simplified by dropping the cloak all together.

Well centred in good early style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
image~20.jpg
000a. L. Sulla and L. Manlius Toruatus33 viewsL. Sulla and L. Manlius Torquatus. 82 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.89 g, 7h). Military mint moving with Sulla. Helmeted head of Roma right / Sulla driving triumphal quadriga right, holding branch and reins, being crowned by Victory flying left. Crawford 367/5; Sydenham 757 or 757a; Manlia 4 or 5. Near VF, toned, a few light scratches on the obverse.

From the Elwood Rafn Collection.

As consul for the year 88 BC, Sulla was awarded the coveted assignment of suppressing the revolt of Mithradates VI of Pontus, but political maneuvers resulted in this assignment being transferred to Marius. In response, Sulla turned his army on Rome, captured it, and reclaimed his command against Mithradates. His prosecution of the first Mithradatic War was successful, but he spared the Pontic king for personal gain. In 83 BC, Sulla returned to Italy as an outlaw, but he was able to win the support of many of the leading Romans. Within a year, he fought his way to Rome, where he was elected dictator. It was during this campaign to Rome that this denarius was struck. The obverse type represents Sulla's claim to be acting in Rome's best interest. The reverse shows Sulla enjoying the highest honor to which a Roman could aspire: the celebration of a triumph at Rome.
ecoli
145234.jpg
001. Julius Caesar124 viewsJulius Caesar. 49-48 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.60 g). Military mint traveling with Caesar. Elephant walking right, trampling on serpent / Simpulum, sprinkler, axe (surmounted by a wolf’s head), and priest’s hat. Crawford 443/1; CRI 9; Sydenham 1006; RSC 49. VF, toned
Ex-Cng
4 commentsecoli
Aes_Rude.jpg
001.2 Aes Rude85 viewsRoman Republic. c. 5th-3rd C. BC. Found turn of the century excavations around Mt. Ingino, Gubbio, Umbria.
(19.37 grams. 21x20x7 mm). Thurlow and Vecchi, plate #2, discussed page 15. Ex Warren Esty.

Aes rude means rough bronze, and prior to the use of actual coins, these bronze bars were traded by weight on the Italian peninsula. The “rude” bars were eventually given markings (Aes Signa).
2 commentsLucas H
2160368.jpg
001a. Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony50 viewsSYRIA, Coele-Syria. Chalcis ad Libanum. Mark Antony, with Cleopatra VII. 36-31 BC. Ć 19mm (5.45 g, 12h). Dated RY 21 (Egyptian) and 6 (Phoenician) of Cleopatra (32/1 BC). Draped bust of Cleopatra right, wearing stephane / Bare head of Mark Antony right; dates in legend. RPC I 4771; Rouvier 440 (Berytus); SNG München 1006; SNG Copenhagen 383 (Phoenicia). Near Fine, green patina.

Chalcis was given by Antony to Cleopatra in 36 BC. At the culmination of his spectacular triumph at Alexandria two years later, further eastern territories - some belonging to Rome - were bestowed on the children of the newly hailed “Queen of Kings” (referred to as the “Donations of Alexandria”). Shortly after, Antony formally divorced Octavia, the sister of Octavian. These actions fueled Octavian’s propagandistic efforts to win the support of Rome’s political elite and ultimately led to the Senate’s declaration of war on Cleopatra in 32 BC.

Ex-CNG
ecoli
67A1B669-753F-47E9-A0C8-DC11980C015C.jpeg
001b. Fulvia16 viewsThe Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Late summer-autumn 43 BC. AR Quinarius (13mm, 1.62 g, 12h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Winged bust of Victory right, with the likeness of Fulvia / Lion walking right; DVN[I] (retrograde and inverted) above, [LVGV] in exergue; [A] to left, X [L] to right (= 40, Antony’s age at time of issue). Crawford 489/5; Lyon 2; King 75; CRI 122; Sydenham 1160; Fulvia 4; RBW 1712. Fine, toned, banker’s mark on the reverse.

Ex Davissons 28 (17 December 2009), lot 73.
ecoli
2.jpg
002 Augustus. AR denarius 3.7gm34 viewsobv: CAESAR AVGVSTVS bare head r.
rev: SIGNIS RECEPTIS Aquila and standard flanking SPQR, shield inscribed CLV
1 commentshill132
Aigina_turtle.jpg
002a, Aigina, Islands off Attica, Greece, c. 510 - 490 B.C.84 viewsSilver stater, S 1849, SNG Cop 503, F, 12.231g, 22.3mm, Aigina (Aegina) mint, c. 510 - 490 B.C.; Obverse: sea turtle (with row of dots down the middle); Reverse: incuse square of “Union Jack” pattern; banker's mark obverse. Ex FORVM.


Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson

Turtles, the archaic currency of Aegina, are among the most sought after of all ancient coins. Their early history is somewhat of a mystery. At one time historians debated whether they or the issuances of Lydia were the world's earliest coins. The source of this idea comes indirectly from the writings of Heracleides of Pontus, a fourth century BC Greek scholar. In the treatise Etymologicum, Orion quotes Heracleides as claiming that King Pheidon of Argos, who died no later than 650 BC, was the first to strike coins at Aegina. However, archeological investigations date the earliest turtles to about 550 BC, and historians now believe that this is when the first of these intriguing coins were stamped.

Aegina is a small, mountainous island in the Saronikon Gulf, about midway between Attica and the Peloponnese. In the sixth century BC it was perhaps the foremost of the Greek maritime powers, with trade routes throughout the eastern half of the Mediterranean. It is through contacts with Greeks in Asia Minor that the idea of coinage was probably introduced to Aegina. Either the Lydians or Greeks along the coast of present day Turkey were most likely the first to produce coins, back in the late seventh century. These consisted of lumps of a metal called electrum (a mixture of gold and silver) stamped with an official impression to guarantee the coin was of a certain weight. Aegina picked up on this idea and improved upon it by stamping coins of (relatively) pure silver instead electrum, which contained varying proportions of gold and silver. The image stamped on the coin of the mighty sea power was that of a sea turtle, an animal that was plentiful in the Aegean Sea. While rival cities of Athens and Corinth would soon begin limited manufacture of coins, it is the turtle that became the dominant currency of southern Greece. The reason for this is the shear number of coins produced, estimated to be ten thousand yearly for nearly seventy years. The source for the metal came from the rich silver mines of Siphnos, an island in the Aegean. Although Aegina was a formidable trading nation, the coins seemed to have meant for local use, as few have been found outside the Cyclades and Crete. So powerful was their lure, however, that an old proverb states, "Courage and wisdom are overcome by Turtles."

The Aeginean turtle bore a close likeness to that of its live counterpart, with a series of dots running down the center of its shell. The reverse of the coin bore the imprint of the punch used to force the face of the coin into the obverse turtle die. Originally this consisted of an eight-pronged punch that produced a pattern of eight triangles. Later, other variations on this were tried. In 480 BC, the coin received its first major redesign. Two extra pellets were added to the shell near the head of the turtle, a design not seen in nature. Also, the reverse punch mark was given a lopsided design.

Although turtles were produced in great quantities from 550 - 480 BC, after this time production dramatically declines. This may be due to the exhaustion of the silver mines on Siphnos, or it may be related to another historical event. In 480 BC, Aegina's archrival Athens defeated Xerxes and his Persian armies at Marathon. After this, it was Athens that became the predominant power in the region. Aegina and Athens fought a series of wars until 457 BC, when Aegina was conquered by its foe and stripped of its maritime rights. At this time the coin of Aegina changed its image from that of the sea turtle to that of the land tortoise, symbolizing its change in fortunes.

The Turtle was an object of desire in ancient times and has become so once again. It was the first coin produced in Europe, and was produced in such great quantities that thousands of Turtles still exist today. Their historical importance and ready availability make them one of the most desirable items in any ancient coin enthusiast's collection.

(Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson .
1 commentsCleisthenes
002_Rhoemetalkes-I_(11BC-12AD)_AE-16_ROIMHTALKOY_KAISAROS-SEBASTOY_RPC-I-1705_Moushmov-5795_Jurukova-(1976)-168_SHH-4362_Q-001_19-20mm_4,28g-s~0.jpg
002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Thrace, Kings, Rhoemetalkes I., RPC I-1705, SHH-4362, AE-16, Sceptre, Fasces and Capricorn right, Scarce!69 views002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Thrace, Kings, Rhoemetalkes I., RPC I-1705, SHH-4362, AE-16, Sceptre, Fasces and Capricorn right, Scarce!
avers: -ΡOIMH/TAΛ/KOY, anticlockwise around, Sella curulis right, male head right above, monogram (RA) on the sella.
reverse:- ΣEBAΣ/T/OY, anticlockwise around, Sceptre, Fasces and Capricorn right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 16mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 0h,
mint: Thrace, Kings, date: 11 B.C-12 A.D., ref: RPC I-1705, SHH-4362, Moushmov-5795, Jurukova-(1976)-168, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Rhoemetalkes-II_AE-20_________-___________-Bare-hd-of-Tiberius-r_______P__-________-Diademed-hd-of-Rhoemetalkes-II-r__RPC_I_-1715,_11-12-AD_Q-001_6h_21,5-22,5mm_6,86g-s~0.jpg
002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Thrace, Kings, Rhoemetalkes I., RPC I-1715, AE-22, #185 views002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Thrace, Kings, Rhoemetalkes I., RPC I-1715, AE-22, #1
avers: BAΣIΛEΩΣ-ΡOIMHTAΛKOY, Diademed head of Rhoemetalkes-I. right.
revers: KAIΣAΡOΣ-ΣEBAΣTOY, Bare head of Augustus right, in front, capricorn.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 6,86g, axes: 6h,
mint: Thrace, Kings, date: 11 B.C-12 A.D., ref: RPC I-1715,
Q-001
quadrans
002_Rhoemetalkes-I_AE-17_BASILEWS-ROIMHTALKOY_KAISAROS-SEBASTOY_SNGCop-1192_BMC-7-9_Moushmov-5782_Jurukova-200_11-BC-12-AD_Q-003_7h_16,7-17,6mm_3,67g-s~0.jpg
002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Thrace, Kings, Rhoemetalkes I., RPC I-1718, SNGCop-1192, BMC-7-9, AE-17, #3126 views002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Thrace, Kings, Rhoemetalkes I., RPC I-1718, SNGCop-1192, BMC-7-9, AE-17, #3
avers: BAΣIΛEΩΣ-ΡOIMHTAΛKOY, Bare head of Augustus right.
revers: KAIΣAΡOΣ-ΣEBAΣTOY, Diademed head of Rhoemetalkes-II right.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,7-17,6mm, weight: 3,67g, axes: 7h,
mint: Thrace, Kings, date: 11 B.C-12 A.D., ref: RPC I-1718, SNGCop-1192, BMC-7-9, Moushmov-5782, Jurukova-200,
Q-003
quadrans
Rhoemetalkes-II_AE-20_________-___________-Augustus-r_______P__-________-Rhoemetalkes-r__RPC-I-1718,_19-37-AD_Q-001_h_20mm_4,28g-s.jpg
002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Thrace, Kings, Rhoemetalkes I., RPC I-1718, SNGCop-1192, BMC-7-9, AE-20, #162 views002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Thrace, Kings, Rhoemetalkes I., RPC I-1718, SNGCop-1192, BMC-7-9, AE-20, #1
avers:- BAΣIΛEΩΣ-ΡOIMHTAΛKOY, Bare head of Augustus right.
revers:- KAIΣAΡOΣ-ΣEBAΣTOY, Diademed head of Rhoemetalkes right.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 4,28g, axes: h,
mint: Thrace, Kings, , date: 11 B.C--12 A.D., ref: RPC I-1718, SNGCop-1192, BMC-7-9, Moushmov-5782, Jurukova-200,,
Q-001
quadrans
Rhoemetalkes_AE-20_________-___________-Augustus-r_______P__-________-Rhoemetalkes-r__RPC-I-1718,_19-37-AD_Q-002_h_20mm_4,28g-s.jpg
002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Thrace, Kings, Rhoemetalkes I., RPC I-1718, SNGCop-1192, BMC-7-9, AE-20, #278 views002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Thrace, Kings, Rhoemetalkes I., RPC I-1718, SNGCop-1192, BMC-7-9, AE-20, #2
avers:- BAΣIΛEΩΣ-ΡOIMHTAΛKOY, Bare head of Augustus right.
revers:- KAIΣAΡOΣ-ΣEBAΣTOY, Diademed head of Rhoemetalkes right.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 4,70g, axes: h,
mint: Thrace, Kings, date: 11 B.C--12 A.D., ref: RPC I-1718, SNGCop-1192, BMC-7-9, Moushmov-5782, Jurukova-200,,
Q-002
quadrans
coin261~0.JPG
005. Constantius Gallus Cyzicus Fel Temp10 viewsCyzikus 103..

Ided by dot S dot marking and horseman type. Mint mark unknown.
ecoli
NeroDECVRSIOSestertiusRome.JPG
005. Nero 54-68AD. AE Sestertius, Rome mint, 63AD. DECVRSIO. 38.6mm200 viewsObv. Laureate ead right, wearing aegis NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P
Rev. Nero on horseback prancing right, wearing cuirass, short tunic, and billowing cloak, spear in right hand, to right soldier moving right. carrying vexillum; to leftin shallow relief, soldier running right DECVRSIO in ex
BMCRE 155; Cohen 94, RIC I 176 var (obv legend)
38.6mm, 180o, 63 A.D. Rome mint.
This sestertius was an early emission from the Rome Mint, which resumed striking bronze after about 10 years of inactivity. The talented engraver, perhaps with extra time for this initial project, produced one of the best dies in the entire imperial bronze series. The special style, complemented by superior execution, has similarities to later medallions.


The fine expressive portrait has higher relief than the more common Lugdunum issues.
The reverse uses the roundness of the flan and three geometric planes of relief to both present the scene in a format that draws the eye to the emperor and show movement that is lacking on almost all other Roman coins. The rare use of geometric planes was repeated on ADLOCVTIO sestertii of Galba five years later, perhaps the work of the same artist. Rome sestertii after 70 A.D. are of far less impressive style.


The lack of SC leaves the reverse fields uncluttered. SC stood for Senatus Consultum, "By Decree of the Senate" and signified the role of the Senate in the minting of brass and bronze coinage. Many sestertii of Caligula and some brass and bronze of Nero lack SC. Subsequent issues include SC again, until inflation produced the demise of the sestertius under Gallienus, c. 265 AD
5 commentsLordBest
5514.jpg
005d. Agrippina II89 viewsLYDIA, Hypaepa. Agrippina Jr., mother of Nero. Augusta, 50-59 AD. Ć 14mm (2.33 gm). Draped bust of Agrippina right / Cult statue of Artemis. RPC I 2541; SNG Copenhagen -.

Julia Vipsania Agrippina Minor or Agrippina Minor (Latin for "the younger") (November 7, AD 15 – March 59), often called "Agrippinilla" to distinguish her from her mother, was the daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina Major. She was sister of Caligula, granddaughter and great-niece to Tiberius, niece and wife of Claudius, and the mother of Nero. She was born at Oppidum Ubiorum on the Rhine, afterwards named in her honour Colonia Agrippinae (modern Cologne, Germany).

Agrippina was first married to (1st century AD) Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus. From this marriage she gave birth to Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, who would become Roman Emperor Nero. Her husband died in January, 40. While still married, Agrippina participated openly in her brother Caligula's decadent court, where, according to some sources, at his instigation she prostituted herself in a palace. While it was generally agreed that Agrippinilla, as well as her sisters, had ongoing sexual relationships with their brother Caligula, incest was an oft-used criminal accusation against the aristocracy, because it was impossible to refute successfully. As Agrippina and her sister became more problematic for their brother, Caligula sent them into exile for a time, where it is said she was forced to dive for sponges to make a living. In January, 41, Agrippina had a second marriage to the affluent Gaius Sallustius Crispus Passienus. He died between 44 and 47, leaving his estate to Agrippina.

As a widow, Agrippina was courted by the freedman Pallas as a possible marriage match to her own uncle, Emperor Claudius, and became his favourite councillor, even granted the honor of being called Augusta (a title which no other queen had ever received). They were married on New Year's Day of 49, after the death of Claudius's first wife Messalina. Agrippina then proceeded to persuade Claudius to adopt her son, thereby placing Nero in the line of succession to the Imperial throne over Claudius's own son, Brittanicus. A true Imperial politician, Agrippina did not reject murder as a way to win her battles. Many ancient sources credited her with poisoning Claudius in 54 with a plate of poisened mushrooms, hence enabling Nero to quickly take the throne as emperor.

For some time, Agrippina influenced Nero as he was relatively ill-equipped to rule on his own. But Nero eventually felt that she was taking on too much power relative to her position as a woman of Rome. He deprived her of her honours and exiled her from the palace, but that was not enough. Three times Nero tried to poison Agrippina, but she had been raised in the Imperial family and was accustomed to taking antidotes. Nero had a machine built and attached to the roof of her bedroom. The machine was designed to make the ceiling collapse — the plot failed with the machine. According to the historians Tacitus and Suetonius, Nero then plotted her death by sending for her in a boat constructed to collapse, intending to drown Agrippina. However, only some of the crew were in on the plot; their efforts were hampered by the rest of the crew trying to save the ship. As the ship sank, one of her handmaidens thought to save herself by crying that she was Agrippina, thinking they would take special care of her. Instead the maid was instantly beaten to death with oars and chains. The real Agrippina realised what was happening and in the confusion managed to swim away where a passing fisherman picked her up. Terrified that his cover had been blown, Nero instantly sent men to charge her with treason and summarily execute her. Legend states that when the Emperor's soldiers came to kill her, Agrippina pulled back her clothes and ordered them to stab her in the belly that had housed such a monstrous son.

ecoli
0077.jpg
0077 - Denarius Vibia 48 BC40 viewsObv/Head of Liber r., wearing ivy wreath; behind, PANSA.
Rev/Ceres walking r., carrying torches, plow before.

Ag, 19.0mm, 3.66g
Moneyer: C.Vibius Pansa Caetronianius.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 449/2 [dies o/r: 54/60]
ex-Artemide Aste, auction 5E, lot 1151
2 commentsdafnis
0079.jpg
0079 - Denarius Tituria 89 BC178 viewsObv/Bearded head of king Tatius r., before TA, behind SABIN.
Rev/Rape of Sabines, two Roman soldiers hurrying l. carrying two Sabines; L TITVRI in ex.

Moneyer: L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 344/1a [dies o/r: 294/327 (1a to 1c)] - Syd. 698
ex-Numismática Ramos
dafnis
0094.jpg
0094 - Denarius Septimius Severus 201-10 AC15 viewsObv/ SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of S.S. r.
Rev/ VOTA SVSCEPTA XX, S.S. standing, head l., making sacrifice with patera on r.h. over burning tripod l., and holding scroll on l.h.

Ag, 18.8 mm, 3.57 g
Mint: Roma
RIC IV.I/308 – BMCRE V/375
ex-AENP Coin Convention Valencia, feb 2011
dafnis
Julius_Caesar_RSC_12.jpg
01 Julius Caesar, Venus39 viewsJulius Caesar. AR Denarius. Military mint traveling with Caesar in North Africa c. 47-46B.C. (3.88, 19.2mm, 6h). Obv: Diademed head of Venus right. Rev: CAESAR, Aeneas walking left, carrying Anchises and the Palladium. Craw. 458/1. RSC 12, Sear RCV 1402.

Minted to pay his legends during their African campaign against the Pomeians, this coin harkens to Caesar’s mythical origin from Venus. Aeneas, a survivor of Troy, was the son of Aphrodite’s liaison with the mortal Anchises. Aeneas lead a group of survivors, the Aeneads, ultimately to the Italian peninsula.
1 commentsLucas H
Nabatea Incierta Plomo.jpg
01-01 - INCIERTO21 viewsPlomo 13 x 12 mm 1.3 gr.

Anv: Cabeza de Zeus viendo a derecha.
Rev: Toro avanzando a izquierda. Con leyenda sobre él.

Referencias: Hoover, O.D., 2006. A Reassessment of Nabatean Lead Coinage in Light of New Discoveries, Numismatic Chronicle, Vol.166, 2006, pp.105-119, pl.27-30. (Thanks boazin)
mdelvalle
Istvan-I_U-001_C1-001_H-001_Q-001_h_17,5-18mm_0,95g-s.jpg
01.3.01. István I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 01.3.01., H-001, U-001, CNH I.-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, #01113 views01.3.01. István I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 01.3.01., H-001, U-001, CNH I.-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, #01
avers: + STEPHANVS•REX• (+ STEPNANVS•REX•, "N" instead of "H" !), Cross within a pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
reverse: + REGIA CIVITAS (REGIA CIVITVS, "V" instead of "A"!), Cross within a pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18 mm, weight: 0,95 g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-001, Unger-001, CNH I.-001,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 01.3.01.,
Q-001
quadrans
01_3_01var__István_I_,_(997-1038_A_D_),_AR-Denarius,_CÁC_I__1_3_01var_,_H-001,_U-001,_CNH_I_-001,_Q-001,_2h,_16,5mm,_0,7g-s.jpg
01.3.01v. István I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 01.3.01var., H-001, U-001, CNH I.-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, #01142 views01.3.01v. István I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 01.3.01var., H-001, U-001, CNH I.-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, #01
avers: + STEPHANVS•REX• (+ STEPNANVS•REX•, the first dot not behind the S but over the S interesting new legend variation !), Cross within a pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
reverse: + REGIA CIVITAS (REGIA CIVITVS, "V" instead of "A"!), Cross within a pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 16,0-16,5 mm, weight: 0,70 g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-001, Unger-001, CNH I.-001,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 01.3.01var.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Istvan-I_U-001_C1-001_H-001_Q-016_5h_17,5mm_0,73g-s.jpg
01.3.03. István I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 01.3.03., H-001, U-001, CNH I.-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, #0188 views01.3.03. István I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 01.3.03., H-001, U-001, CNH I.-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, #01
avers: + STEPHANVS•REX• (The first S are retrograde !), Cross within a pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
reverse: + REGIA CIVITAS (REGIA CIVITVS, "V" instead of "A"!), Cross within a pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 17,5 mm, weight: 0,73 g, axis: 5 h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-001, Unger-001, CNH I.-001,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 01.3.03.,
Q-001
quadrans
Istvan-I_U-001_C1-001_H-001_Q-x41,_10h,_17,5-18mm,_0,69g-s.jpg
01.3.03./01.3.28. István I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 01.3.03., rev.:01.3.28., H-001, U-001, CNH I.-001, + REGIA CIVITAS (retrograde legend !), Rare variant! #01141 views01.3.03./01.3.28. István I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 01.3.03., rev.:01.3.28., H-001, U-001, CNH I.-001, + REGIA CIVITAS (retrograde legend !), Rare variant! #01
avers: + STEPHANVS•REX•(The first S are retrograde !), Cross within the pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
reverse: + REGIA CIVITAS (retrograde legend !), Cross within the pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,0 mm, weight: 0,69 g, axis: 10h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-001, Unger-001, CNH I.-001,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: av.:01.3.03., rev.:01.3.28.,
Q-001
quadrans
Istvan-I_U-001_C1-001_H-001_Q-018_3h_16,5mm_0,79g-s.jpg
01.3.10. István I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 01.3.10., H-001, U-001, CNH I.-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, #01151 views01.3.10. István I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 01.3.10., H-001, U-001, CNH I.-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, #01
avers: + STEPHANVS•REX• ("lying S-s" instead of "S" !), Cross within a pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
reverse: + REGIA CIVITAS (REGIA CIVITVS, "V" instead of "A"!), Cross within a pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 16,5 mm, weight: 0,79 g, axis: 3h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-001, Unger-001, CNH I.-001,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 01.3.10.,
Q-001
quadrans
Istvan-I_U-001_C1-001_H-001_Q-021_1h_15,5mm_0,67g-s.jpg
01.3.10./01.3.20. István I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 01.3.10., rev.:01.3.20., H-001, U-001, CNH I.-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, #0175 views01.3.10./01.3.20. István I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 01.3.10., rev.:01.3.20., H-001, U-001, CNH I.-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, #01
avers: + STEPHANVS•-REX• ("lying S-s" instead of "S" !), Cross within a pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
reverse: + REGIA CIVITAS (REGIA CIVITVS, retrograde "E" and "V" instead of "A"!), Cross within a pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 15,5 mm, weight: 0,67 g, axis: 1h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-001, Unger-001, CNH I.-001,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: av.:01.3.10., rev.: 01.3.20.,
Q-001
quadrans
Istvan-I_U-001_C1-001_H-001_Q-x39a,_10h,_16mm,_0,75g-s.jpg
01.3.18. István I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 01.3.18., H-001, U-001, CNH I.-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, Rare variant! #01138 views01.3.18. István I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 01.3.18., H-001, U-001, CNH I.-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, Rare variant! #01
avers: + STEPHANVVS•REX• ("lying S-s" instead of "S" !, STEPHANVVS instead of STEPHANVS, double V legends error!), Cross within the pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross. (double strike)
reverse: + REGIA CIVITAS (REGIA CIVITVS, "V" instead of "A"!), Cross within the pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 16,0 mm, weight: 0,75 g, axis: 10h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-001, Unger-001, CNH I.-001,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 01.3.18.,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
144286.jpg
010. Vespasian32 viewsVespasian. AD 69-79. AR Denarius (20mm, 2.96 g). Ephesos mint. Struck AD 71. Laureate head right / Turreted and draped female bust right. RIC II 327 var.; BMCRE 450 var. ; RPC II 828 var.; RSC 293a var. This issue is normally accompanied by a mint mark below the bust on the reverse. No mintmark can be seen on this specimen, but striking weakness could have prevented it from being fully struck in this area. The obverse portrait is almost certainly from the same hand as RPC II 828, an issue marked with a BY monogram. Ex-CNGecoli
coin214.JPG
010. Vespasian 69 AD - 79 AD36 viewsVespasian

The character of this emperor showed very little, if anything, of the pagan tyrant. Though himself a man of no literary culture, he became the protector of his prisoner of war, the Jewish historian Josephus, a worshipper of the One God, and even permitted him the use of his own family name (Flavius). While this generosity may have been in some degree prompted by Josephus's shrewd prophecy of Vespasian's elevation to the purple, there are other instances of his disposition to reward merit in those with whom he was by no means personally sympathetic. Vespasian has the distinction of being the first Roman Emperor to transmit the purple to his own son; he is also noteworthy in Roman imperial history as having very nearly completed his seventieth year and died a natural death: being in feeble health, he had withdrawn to benefit by the purer air of his native Reate, in the "dewy fields" (rosei campi) of the Sabine country. By his wife, Flavia Domitilla, he left two sons, Titus and Domitian, and a daughter, Domitilla, through whom the name of Vespasian's empress was passed on to a granddaughter who is revered as a confessor of the Faith.

A man of strict military discipline and simple tastes, Vespasian proved to be a conscientious and generally tolerant administrator. More importantly, following the upheavals of A.D. 68-69, his reign was welcome for its general tranquility and restoration of peace. In Vespasian Rome found a leader who made no great breaks with tradition, yet his ability ro rebuild the empire and especially his willingness to expand the composition of the governing class helped to establish a positive working model for the "good emperors" of the second century. In contrast to his immediate imperial predecessors, Vespasian died peacefully - at Aquae Cutiliae near his birthplace in Sabine country on 23 June, A.D. 79, after contracting a brief illness. The occasion is said to have inspired his deathbed quip: "Oh my, I must be turning into a god!"

Denarius. IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right / VES-TA to either side of Vesta standing left, holding simpulum & scepter. RSC 574
ecoli
0101.jpg
0101 - Denarius Marcia 82 AC34 viewsObv/ Laureate head of Apollo r.
Rev/ Marsyas walking l. bearing wine skin on shoulder; behind, statue of Victory on column: before, L CENSOR.

Ag, 17.5 mm, 3.78 g
Moneyer: L. Censorinus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 363/1d [dies o/r: ~197/~228] - Syd. 737 - RSC Marcia 24
ex-M.Iglesias Alvarez, march 2011 (ex - Jesús Vico, auction 125, lot 232)
1 commentsdafnis
0102.jpg
0102 - Denarius Septimius Severus 194 AC11 viewsObv/ IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head of S.S. r.
Rev/ VICT AVG, Victory walking l., holding wreath in r.h., palm in l.

Ag, 17.8 mm, 2.38 g
Mint: Emesa.
RIC IV.I/424 [S] – BMCRE V/395
ex-Numismatik Lanz, eBay june 2011, art. #23057715105
dafnis
0111.jpg
0111 - Denarius Caecilia 81 BC84 viewsObv/ Diademed head of Pietas r., stork before.
Rev/ Elephant walking l., Q C M P I in ex.

Ag, 17.9 mm, 3.35 g
Moneyer: Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius.
Mint: North Italy.
RRC 374/1 [dies o/r: 88/98] - Syd. 750 - RSC Caecilia 43
ex-Gerhard Hirsch, auction may 2011, lot 411
dafnis
0113.jpg
0113 - Denarius Septimius Severus 194 AC12 viewsObv/ IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head of S.S. r.
Rev/ PIETAT AVG, S.S. veiled and draped, standing l., making sacrifice with patera over tripod and holding scroll.

Ag, 17.1 mm, 2.65 g
Mint: Emesa (?)
BMCRE V/387 – RIC IV.1/413 [C]
ex-Gitbud & Naumann, eBay may 2011 - art. #160589565018
dafnis
0118.jpg
0118 - Denarius Commodus 192 AC10 viewsObv/ L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, laureate head of C. r.
Rev/ PM TR P XVII IMP VIII COS VII PP, Victory walking l., holding wreath and palm; star in field.

Ag, 18.9 mm, 2.63 g
Mint: Roma.
RIC III/237 [C]
ex-London Ancient Coins, auction 4, lot 173
dafnis
coin212.JPG
012. Domitian 81-96 AD60 viewsDomitian

As emperor, Domitian was to become one of Rome's foremost micro managers, especially concerning the economy. Domitian's reach extended well beyond the economy. Late in A.D. 85 he made himself censor perpetuus, censor for life, with a general supervision of conduct and morals. The move was without precedent and, although largely symbolic, it nevertheless revealed Domitian's obsessive interest in all aspects of Roman life. While the military abilities of Vespasian and Titus were genuine, those of Domitian were not. Partly as an attempt to remedy this deficiency, Domitian frequently became involved in his own military exploits outside of Rome. He claimed a triumph in A.D. 83 for subduing the Chatti in Gaul, but the conquest was illusory.

as Caesar, AR Denarius. 76 AD. CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right / COS IIII, Pegasus walking right. RSC 47
ecoli
019.jpg
013 TRAJAN15 viewsEMPEROR: Trajan
DENOMINATION: Denarius
OBVERSE: IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC, laureate draped bust right
REVERSE: P M TR P COS VI P P SPQR, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy.
DATE: AD 114 -117
MINT: Roma
WEIGHT: 2.94 g
RIC: RIC II.337
Barnaba6
Brutus-Syd-907.jpg
013. M. Junius Brutus.58 viewsDenarius, 54 BC, Rome mint.
Obverse: BRVTVS / Bust of L. Junius Brutus.
Reverse: AHALA / Bust of C. Servilius Ahala.
4.09 gm., 19 mm.
Syd. #907; RSC #Junia 30; Sear #398.

The moneyer of this coin is the same Brutus who killed Julius Caesar. However, this coin was minted about a decade earlier. It portrays two ancestors of Brutus:

1. L. Junius Brutus lead the Romans to expel their king L. Tarquinius Superbus. He was one of the founding fathers of the Roman Republic, and was elected one of the first consuls in 509 BC.

2. C. Cervilius Ahala. In 439 BC, during a food shortage in Rome, Spurius Maelius, the richest patrician, bought as much food as he could and sold it cheaply to the people. The Romans, always fearful of kings, thought he wanted to be king. So an emergency was declared and L. Cincinnatus was proclaimed Dictator. Maelius was ordered to appear before Cincinnatus, but refused. So Ahala, as Magister Equitam, killed him in the Forum. Ahala was tried for this act, but escaped condemnation by voluntary exile.
4 commentsCallimachus
16b.jpg
016b Agrippina jr. AE1514 viewsobv: drp. bust r.
rev: eagle std. on branch looking l.
hill132
Galienus_luna.jpg
017 - Gallienus (253-268 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 609 F30 viewsObv: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: LVNA LVCIF, Diana walking right, holding torch, PXV in exe.
Minted in Antioch 267 AD.
pierre_p77
Commodus_denar2.jpg
018 - Commodus (177-192), denarius - BM 184, RIC unlisted48 viewsObv: M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P, Jupiter seated left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
Minted in Rome 186 AD

The cuirassed bust are rare on denarii. This particular type are unlisted in both RIC and Cohen, though the obverse legend and reverse type (not legend) are equal to RIC 117, Cohen 486. The only coin I know of with this bust and reverse legend is BM 184. The BM coin and this coin are struck with diferent obverse dies, hence ther must have been at least two pairs of dies striking this type. Thers should be more coins of this type out there, if anyone knows of one I´ll be very happy to hear about it! (Many thanks to mr Curtis Clay for information on this coin).
pierre_p77
014.jpg
018 COMMODUS11 viewsEMPEROR: Commodus
DENOMINATION: Denarius
OBVERSE: M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT, laureate head right
REVERSE: P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P, Victory walking left, holding wreath & palm
DATE: 186 AD
MINT: Roma
WEIGHT: 2.55 g
RIC: 122a
Barnaba6
01a_jan_008.jpg
019 - Aurelian (270-275 AD), antoninianus - RIC 6233 viewsObv: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ORIENS AVG, Sol walking left, right hand raised, left hand holding globe, treading down one of two captives.
Minted in Rome (gamma XXI in exe), third officina.
pierre_p77
domitian as caesar horseback1.jpg
01a Domitian as Caesar RIC 680267 viewsAR Denarius, 3.15g
Rome mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMIT COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: No legend; Domitian on horse l.; r. hand raised, sceptre in l.
RIC 680 (C). BMC 129. RSC 664. BNC 105.
Ex Berk 146, 29 November 2005, lot 363.

A reverse type issued only for Domitian, most likely a reference to his part in the Judaean triumph of Vespasian and Titus.

"while taking part in the Judaean triumph, he rode on a white horse, the conventional mount for young princes on such occasions." (Suetonius, Domitian, ii)

A scarce coin of Domitian's part in a very important event in Flavian history. Nice portait with some of the beard still intact and a lively horse on the reverse!
1 commentsVespasian70
Augustus_RIC_I_86a.jpg
02 Augusts RIC I 86a54 viewsAugustus. 27 B.C.-14 A.D.. Colonia Patricia Mint. 19 B.C. (3.13g, 18.4mm, 2h). Obv: CAESAR AVGSTVS, bare head right. Rev: SIGNIS RECEPTIS, Aquila on l. and standard on r. flanking SPQR arranged around shield inscribed CL V. RIC I 86a, BMC 417, RSC 265.

An important historical type commemorating the return of the legionary eagles lost by Crassus to the Parthians in the battle of Carrhae in 53 B.C. This example has wonderful toning, is perfectly centered, and retains complete legends, even the CL V on the shield is preserved better than the photograph shows.
3 commentsLucas H
Antíoco I, Soter.jpg
02-02 - Antioco I Soter (281 - 261 A.C.)42 viewsDespués de la muerte de Alejandro Magno, sus generales se repartieron el imperio, siendo protagonistas durante veinte ańos de grandes luchas y peleas por obtener el poder. Fueron los llamados diádocos, (διάδοχοι) o sucesores. La lucha entre ellos para obtener el poder y la hegemonía duró casi cincuenta ańos, hasta el 281 adC en que murió el último de los diádocos, Seleuco I Nikátor. Después de estos antiguos generales gobernaron los llamados epígonos (επίγονοι), que significa los nacidos después.
Antíoco I Sóter (que quiere decir 'salvador') (324 adC-261 adC) era hijo del fundador de la dinastía Seléucida, Seleuco I Nicátor y de Apame, princesa sogdiana y nieta de Espitamenes. Se casó con su madrastra, Estratónice. Era uno de estos epígonos a que se refiere la Historia. Se le conoce sobre todo por su triunfo frente a los gálatas en Asia Menor (pueblo galo procedente de Europa que se asentó aquí en el siglo III adC), cuya invasión supo detener a tiempo. Los gálatas venían de una expedición contra los griegos y habían sido vencidos por ellos. Pero al amparo de esta invasión frustrada se fueron formando pequeńos Estados independientes que se irán consolidando durante los reinados de los reyes sucesores de Antíoco. Fue enemigo de otro de los epígonos, Ptolomeo II de Egipto y en las luchas que mantuvo contra él Antíoco perdió grandes extensiones de terreno además de que el rey egipcio consiguiera también la hegemonía sobre el mar Mediterráneo. Murió en combate durante la guerra que mantuvo contra Eumenes I, gobernador del reino de Pérgamo en Asia Menor. A Antíoco I le sucedió su hijo Antíoco II Teos (el dios).(Wikipedia)
AE 17 mm 5.8 gr.

Anv: Busto con diadema viendo a derecha.
Rev: "BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY" - Zeus de pié de frente viendo a izquierda sosteniendo estrella ? en mano derecha extendida y cetro en izquierda.

Ceca: Antioquía en Orontes
Referencias:
mdelvalle
02-Tarsus.jpg
02. Persian Empire: Province of Cilicia: City of Tarsos.63 viewsDouble shekel, ca. 351 BC.
Obverse: Baal of Tarsos seated, holding eagle, ear of wheat, bunch of grapes, and sceptre.
Reverse: Lion attacking bull.
10.51 gm., 24 mm.
S. #5650; series V in Myriandros Katisson (E.T. Newell).
2 commentsCallimachus
Peter_(1038-1041,_1044-1046_AD)_U-002_C1-008_H-006_Q-001_h_17,5mm_g-s.jpg
02.2.1. Orseolo Péter, King of Hungary, (1038-1041,1044-1046 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 02.2.1., H-006, U-002, CNH I.-008, #1127 views02.2.1. Orseolo Péter, King of Hungary, (1038-1041,1044-1046 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 02.2.1., H-006, U-002, CNH I.-008, #1
avers: + PETRVS REX, Cross in the circle of dots with wedges in the angles, border of dots.
reverse: + PANNONIA, Cross in the circle with wedges in the angles, line border.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17,0 mm, weight: 0,50g, axis: 9h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-006, Unger-002, CNH I.-008,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 02.2.1.,
Q-001
quadrans
Peter_(1038-1041,_1044-1046_AD)_U-002_C1-008_H-006_Q-003_8h_17,0-17,5mm_0,7g-s.jpg
02.2.2. Orseolo Péter, King of Hungary, (1038-1041,1044-1046 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 02.2.2., H-006, U-002, CNH I.-008, #1160 views02.2.2. Orseolo Péter, King of Hungary, (1038-1041,1044-1046 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 02.2.2., H-006, U-002, CNH I.-008, #1
avers: + PETRVS REX, Cross in the circle of dots with wedges in the angles, the border of dots.
reverse: + PANNONIA, Cross in the circle with wedges in the angles, line border.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 17,0-17,5 mm, weight: 0,7g, axis: 8h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-006, Unger-002, CNH I.-008,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 02.2.2.,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Peter_(1038-1041,_1044-1046_AD)_U-002_C1-008_H-006_Q-004_2h_17,5mm_0,50g-s.jpg
02.2.2. Orseolo Péter, King of Hungary, (1038-1041,1044-1046 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 02.2.2., H-006, U-002, CNH I.-008, #2127 views02.2.2. Orseolo Péter, King of Hungary, (1038-1041,1044-1046 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 02.2.2., H-006, U-002, CNH I.-008, #2
avers: + PETRVS REX, Cross in the circle of dots with wedges in the angles, the border of dots.
reverse: + PANNONIA, Cross in the circle with wedges in the angles, line border.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 17,0-17,5 mm, weight: 0,5g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-006, Unger-002, CNH I.-008,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 02.2.2.,
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Peter_(1038-1041,_1044-1046_AD),_CÁC_I__2_2_2_,_H-006,_C1-008,_U-002,_Q-001,_4h,_16,5-17,0mm,_0,51g-s.jpg
02.2.2. Orseolo Péter, King of Hungary, (1038-1041,1044-1046 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 02.2v.2., H-006, U-002, CNH I.-008, #165 views02.2.2. Orseolo Péter, King of Hungary, (1038-1041,1044-1046 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 02.2v.2., H-006, U-002, CNH I.-008, #1
avers: + PETRV•S REX, Cross in the circle of dots with wedges in the angles, the border of dots. (dot (•) in the legend, variation !)
reverse: + PANNONIA, Cross in the circle with wedges in the angles, line border.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17,0 mm, weight: 0,51g, axis: 4h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-006, Unger-002, CNH I.-008,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 02.2v.2.,(dot (•) in the avers legend, variation !)
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Andras_II_,_(1205-1235_AD),_AR-Denar,_H-228,_C1-191,_U-140,_Q-001,_9h,_16mm,_0,42g-s.jpg
021. H-228 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-228, CNH I.-191, U-140, AR-Denarius, #019 views021. H-228 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-228, CNH I.-191, U-140, AR-Denarius, #01
avers: Patriarchal cross on the arch, between two towers, two rosettes above, three circles below; border of dots.
reverse: Balcony over three arches, six-pointed star between two circles above, circle below; line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 16,0 mm, weight: 0,42 g, axis: 9h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár-228, CNH I.-191, Unger-140,
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Andras_II_,_(1205-1235_AD),_AR-Denar,_H-215,_C1-179,_U-165,_Q-001,_2h,_17mm,_0,84g-s.jpg
021. H-248 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-215, CNH I.-179, U-165, AR-Denarius, #0174 views021. H-248 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-215, CNH I.-179, U-165, AR-Denarius, #01
avers: Trellised rectangle between two columns, patriarchal cross between two circles, amongst six dots between the columns, the border of dots.
reverse: Patriarchal cross, between two circles, amongst six dots, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,0 mm, weight: 0,84 g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár-215, CNH I.-179, Unger-165,
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Andras_II_,_(1205-1235_AD),_AR-Obulus,_H-216,_C1-180,_U-166,_Q-001,_1h,_14mm,_0,37g-s.jpg
021. H-248 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-216, CNH I.-180, U-166, AR-Obulus, #0167 views021. H-248 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-216, CNH I.-180, U-166, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Trellised rectangle between two columns, patriarchal cross between two circles, amongst six dots between the columns, the border of dots.
reverse: Patriarchal cross, amongst six dots, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 14,0 mm, weight: 0,37 g, axis: 1h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár-216, CNH I.-180, Unger-166,
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András_II_,_(1205-1235_A_D_),_H-223,_CNH_I_-187,_U-199,_AR-Obulus,_Q-001,_0h,_13mm,_0,27g-s.jpg
021. H-248 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-223, CNH I.-187, U-199, AR-Obulus, Very Rare! #0188 views021. H-248 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-223, CNH I.-187, U-199, AR-Obulus, Very Rare! #01
avers: Crowned bust facing between two columns on wedges with circles on the top, rosette/star between two crescents above, the border of dots.
reverse: Castle with three towers, on a triangle, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 13,0 mm, weight: 0,27 g, axis: 0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár-223, CNH I.-187, Unger-199, Very Rare!
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Andras-II_(1205-1235_AD)_U-158_C1-210_H-248_Q-001_0h_10-10,5mm_0,30g-s.jpg
021. H-248 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-248, CNH I.-210, U-158, AR-Obulus, #01109 views021. H-248 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-248, CNH I.-210, U-158, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Crown, cross between two wings below, the border of dots.
reverse: Cross amongst four lilies in a pattern of eight crescents, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,0-10,5 mm, weight: 0,30 g, axis: 0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár-248, CNH I.-210, Unger-158,
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Andras-II_(1205-1235_AD)_U-158_C1-210_H-248_Q-002_1h_11,3mm_0,34g-s.jpg
021. H-248 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-248, CNH I.-210, U-158, AR-Obulus, #0293 views021. H-248 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-248, CNH I.-210, U-158, AR-Obulus, #02
avers: Crown, cross between two wings below, the border of dots.
reverse: Cross amongst four lilies in a pattern of eight crescents, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 11,3 mm, weight: 0,34g, axis: 1h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár-248, CNH I.-210, Unger-158,
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Andras-II_U-191_C1-213_H-251_Q-001_8h_11,2mm_0,38g-s.jpg
021. H-251 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-251, CNH I.-213, U-191, AR-Obulus, #01230 views021. H-251 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-251, CNH I.-213, U-191, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Patriarchal cross, leopard to right, star between them at down, the border of dots.
reverse: Winged griffin advancing left, star over the head, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 11,2 mm, weight: 0,38 g, axis: 8h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-251, CNH I.-213, Unger-191,
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Andras-II_U-185_CP-044_H-259_Q-001_0h_11,5mm_0,28g-s.jpg
021. H-259 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-259, CNH CP.-044, U-185, AR-Obulus, Rare! #0183 views021. H-259 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-259, CNH CP.-044, U-185, AR-Obulus, Rare! #01
avers: Three towers on an arch, cross on the middle one, crowned bust facing between two stars below, a double circle of dots.
reverse: Cross with rosettes in the angles, border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 11,5 mm, weight: 0,28g, axis: 0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár-259, CNH CP.-044, Unger-185,
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Andras-II_U-186_C1-220_H-260_Q-003_12,1mm_0,46gz-s.jpg
021. H-260 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-248, CNH I.-220, U-186, AR-Obulus, #0183 views021. H-260 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-248, CNH I.-220, U-186, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Crowned head facing, in the pointed arch between two towers, border of dots.
reverse: Cross with stars in the angles, border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,1 mm, weight: 0,46g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-260, CNH I.-220, Unger-186,
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Andras_II__(1205-1235_AD),_H-263,_C1-223,_U-189,_AR-Denar,_Q-001,_3h,_10,5-11,5mm,_0,22g-s.jpg
021. H-263 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-263, CNH I.-223, U-189, AR-Denarius (Obulus?), Rare! #0164 views021. H-263 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-263, CNH I.-223, U-189, AR-Denarius (Obulus?), Rare! #01
avers: Sitting king of the front, grasped with both hands neck and tail of a dragon, border of dots.
reverse: Standing king with a sword, panther looking backward, border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,5-11,5mm, weight: 0,22 g, axis: 3h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár-263, CNH I.-223, Unger-189, Rare!
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Andras-II__U-161_C1-227_H-267_Q-001_10,5mm_0,36ga-s.jpg
021. H-267 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-267, CNH I.-227, U-161, AR-Obulus, #0178 views021. H-267 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-267, CNH I.-227, U-161, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Crescent between two heads with their back to each other, tower between two dots above, Hebrew letter (???) below; line border.
reverse: Leopard advancing left, the tree above, rosette to left, Hebrew letter (teth) to right, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,36 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-267, CNH I.-227, Unger-161,
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II_Andras_U-161_C1-227_H-267_Q-002_10,5mm_0,24ga-s.jpg
021. H-267 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-267, CNH I.-227, U-161, AR-Obulus, #0289 views021. H-267 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-267, CNH I.-227, U-161, AR-Obulus, #02
avers: Crescent between two heads with their back to each other, tower between two dots above, Hebrew letter (???) below; line border.
reverse: Leopard advancing left, the tree above, rosette to left, Hebrew letter (teth) to right, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,24 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-267, CNH I.-227, Unger-161,
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II_Andras_U-161_C1-227_H-267_Q-003_10,5mm_0,29ga-s.jpg
021. H-267 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-267, CNH I.-227, U-161, AR-Obulus, #0369 views021. H-267 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-267, CNH I.-227, U-161, AR-Obulus, #03
avers: Crescent between two heads with their back to each other, tower between two dots above, Hebrew letter (???) below; line border.
reverse: Leopard advancing left, the tree above, rosette to left, Hebrew letter (teth) to right, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,29 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-267, CNH I.-227, Unger-161,
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II_Andras_U-163_C1-300_H-270_Q-001_10,2mm_0,31ga-s.jpg
021. H-270 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-270, CNH I.-300, U-163, AR-Obulus, #0181 views021. H-270 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-270, CNH I.-300, U-163, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Crowned head facing, between two swords, line border.
reverse: Star between two lions standing with their back to each other, looking backwards, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,2 mm, weight: 0,31g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-270, CNH I.-300, Unger-163,
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Andras_II__(1205-1235_AD),_H-275,_C1-305,_U-144,_Q-001,_7h,_14-14,5mm,_0,49g-s.jpg
021. H-276 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-275, CNH I.-305, U-144, AR-Denarius, #0165 views021. H-276 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-275, CNH I.-305, U-144, AR-Denarius, #01
avers: Crowned bust facing, between two towers, star within crescent above, line border.
reverse: Bastion between two towers on an arch of dots, branch between two circles above, leaf below, the border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 14,0-14,5 mm, weight: 0,49 g, axis: 7h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-275, CNH I.-305, Unger-144,
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Andras-II_(1205-1235_AD)_U-145_C1-306_H-276_Q-001_4h_12-12,5mm_0,28ga-s.jpg
021. H-276 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-276, CNH I.-306, U-145, AR-Obulus, #0169 views021. H-276 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-276, CNH I.-306, U-145, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Crowned bust facing, between two towers, star within crescent above, border of dots.
reverse: Bastion between two towers on an arch of dots, branch between two circles above, leaf below, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12-12,5 mm, weight: 0,28 g, axis: 4h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-276, CNH I.-306, Unger-145,
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Tiberius-RIC-3.jpg
021. Tiberius.23 viewsDenarius, ca 16 - 37 AD, Lugdunum mint.
Obverse: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS / Laureate bust of Tiberius.
Reverse: PONTIF MAXIM / Livia seated, as Pax, holding branch and sceptre.
3.56 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #3; Sear #1763.

Because this is the denarius that was in circulation at the time of Jesus, this coin is often called the "Tribute Penny" -- a name which is derived from the Authorized (King James) Version of the Bible where the word denarius was translated as penny.
Callimachus
IMG_6752.JPG
022. Claudius (41-54 A.D.) 25 viewsAv.: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P
Rv.: Minerva walking holding javelin and shield / S-C

AE As Ř25-27 / 10.4g
RIC 116 Rome, Cohen 84
Juancho
IV_Bela-(1235-1270AD)_U-213_C1-229_H-294_Q-001_9h_15,2mm_0,75g-s.jpg
022. H-294 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-294, CNH I.-229, U-213, AR-Denar, #0181 views022. H-294 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-294, CNH I.-229, U-213, AR-Denar, #01
avers: +REX•BELAᵒQVARTVS, Agnus Dei in a circle of dots advancing left with a cross, border of dots.
reverse: •VNGA• RIA•, King enthroned facing, holding orb and scepter, a border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 15,2mm, weight: 0,75g, axis: 9h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-294, CNH I.-229, Unger-213
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Béla_IV__(1235-1270_AD),_H-294,_C1-229,_U-213,_Q-002,_6h,_15,0mm,_0,96g-s.jpg
022. H-294 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-294, CNH I.-229, U-213, AR-Denar, #0264 views022. H-294 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-294, CNH I.-229, U-213, AR-Denar, #02
avers: +REX•BELAᵒQVARTVS, Agnus Dei in a circle of dots advancing left with a cross, border of dots.
reverse: •VNGA• RIA•, King enthroned facing, holding orb and scepter, a border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 15,0mm, weight: 0,96g, axis: 6h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-294, CNH I.-229, Unger-213
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Bela-IV__U-222_C1-234_H-299_1235-1270-AD_Q-001_3h_12,3mm_0,58ga-s.jpg
022. H-299 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-299, CNH I.-234, U-222, AR-Denar, #0186 views022. H-299 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-299, CNH I.-234, U-222, AR-Denar, #01
avers: Emperor facing, draped with Crown, long hair, line border.
reverse: Cross and circle within R, B-E-L-A, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,3 mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: 3h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-299, CNH I.-234, Unger-222,
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1 commentsquadrans
Bela-IV__U-226_C1-238_H-302_1235-1270-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
022. H-302 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-302, CNH I.-238, U-226, AR-Obulus, #0184 views022. H-302 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-302, CNH I.-238, U-226, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: King enthroned facing, holding sceptre and orb, a border of dots.
reverse: B Є/L A R/Є X, In three lines divided into five parts by horizontal and vertical lines, a border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-302, CNH I.-238, Unger-226,
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Bela-IV,_(1235-1270_AD),_H-309,_C1-245,_U-232,_Q-001,_6h,_9-10,2mm,_0,26g-s.jpg
022. H-310 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-309, CNH I.-245, U-232, AR-Obulus, #0193 views022. H-310 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-309, CNH I.-245, U-232, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: BЄLA RЭX, Cross, line border.
reverse: Angel stabbing dragon, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 9,0-10,2 mm, weight: 0,26g, axis: 6h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-309, CNH I.-245, Unger-232,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Bela-IV_(1235-1270_AD)_U-233_C1-244_H-310_Q-001_11h_12,2mm_0,69g-s.jpg
022. H-310 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-310, CNH I.-244, U-233, AR-Denarius, #0170 views022. H-310 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-310, CNH I.-244, U-233, AR-Denarius, #01
avers: RЄX BЄLAЄ, Hebrew letter (teth), line border.
reverse: Angel stabbing dragon, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,2 mm, weight: 0,69g, axis: 11h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-310, CNH I.-244, Unger-233,
Q-001
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H-314_Béla_IV_,_King_of_Hungary,_(1235-1270_A_D_),_H-314,_CNH_I_-247,_U-236,_AR-Obulus,_Q-001,_0h,_9,4mm,_0,17g-s.jpg
022. H-314 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-314, CNH I.-247, U-236, AR-Obulus, Eagle winged, head turning right, #01146 views022. H-314 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-314, CNH I.-247, U-236, AR-Obulus, Eagle winged, head turning right, #01
avers: +RЄX BЄLA, Crowned head of King Béla IV. facing, line border.
reverse: Eagle winged, head turning right, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 9,4 mm, weight: 0,17g, axis: 0h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-314, CNH I.-247, Unger-236,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
IV_Bela_U-236_C1-247_H-314_Revers-Brockage_Q-001_h_9,5mm_0,20g-s.jpg
022. H-314 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-314, CNH I.-247, U-236, AR-Obulus, Revers Brockage, Rare! #01108 views022. H-314 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-314, CNH I.-247, U-236, AR-Obulus, Revers Brockage, Rare! #01
avers: Negative picture of the bird.
reverse: Bird winged, head turning right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 9,5 mm, weight: 0,20g, axis: -h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-314, CNH I.-247, Unger-236,
Q-001
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IV_Bela_(1235-1270_AD),_H-316,_C1-249,_U-237,_AR-Denar,_Q-001,_2h,_10-10,5,_0,29g-s.jpg
022. H-316 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-316, CNH I.-249, U-237, AR-Denarius, #0164 views022. H-316 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-316, CNH I.-249, U-237, AR-Denarius, #01
avers: King enthroned facing, holding bird (falcon?) and scepter, a border of dots.
reverse: The crowned double-headed eagle, a border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,0-10,5mm, weight: 0,29g, axis: 2h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-316, CNH I.-249, Unger-237,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Bela-IV_(1235-1270_AD)_AR-Denar_U-253_C1-251_H-318_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
022. H-318 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-318, CNH I.-251, U-253, AR-Denar, #01 66 views022. H-318 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-318, CNH I.-251, U-253, AR-Denar, #01
avers: +MONT GARIЄ, the bust of Christ facing, with nimbus, a border of dots.
reverse: Patriarchal cross amongst two stars, two dots, and two facing heads, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 11,5mm, weight: 0,38g, axis: 10h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-318, CNH I.-251, Unger-253,
Q-001
quadrans
Bela-IV_(1235-1270_AD)_AR-Denar_U-253_C1-251_H-318_Q-002_6,5h_12,5mm_0,45g-s.jpg
022. H-318 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-318, CNH I.-251, U-253, AR-Denar, #02114 views022. H-318 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-318, CNH I.-251, U-253, AR-Denar, #02
avers: +MONT GARIЄ, the bust of Christ facing, with nimbus, a border of dots.
reverse: Patriarchal cross amongst two stars, two dots, and two facing heads, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,5mm, weight: 0,45g, axis: 6,5h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-318, CNH I.-251, Unger-253,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
Bela_IV__(1235-1270_AD),_H-319,_C1-252,_U-254,_AR-Obulus,_Q-001,_6h,_9,5-10,0mm,_0,22g-s.jpg
022. H-319 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-319, CNH I.-252, U-254, AR-Obulus, #0160 views022. H-319 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-319, CNH I.-252, U-254, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Head of Christ facing, with nimbus, a border of dots.
reverse: Patriarchal cross amongst two pellets above and two rosettes below, a border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 9,5-10,0mm, weight: 0,22g, axis: 6h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-319, CNH I.-252, Unger-254,
Q-001
quadrans
Bela-IV_(1235-1270_AD)_AR-Denar_U-240_C1-259_H-327_Q-001_2h_12,5mm_0,44g-s.jpg
022. H-327 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-327, CNH I.-259, U-240, AR-Denar, #0167 views022. H-327 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-327, CNH I.-259, U-240, AR-Denar, #01
avers: King on horseback right, holding a cross, lily to left and between the legs of the horse; border of dots.
reverse: Crowned head facing, arch with three crosses above, star between two dots on top. Circle at the bottom of the crosses on the side, a border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,5mm, weight: 0,44g, axis: 2h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-327, CNH I.-259, Unger-240,
Q-001
quadrans
Bela-IV_(1235-1270_AD)_AR-Denar_U-242_C1-262_H-330_Q-001_5h_10mm_0,28ga-s.jpg
022. H-330 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-330, CNH I.-262, U-242, AR-Obulus, #0171 views022. H-330 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-330, CNH I.-262, U-242, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: G Є, Crowned bust left, holding a cross, pellet both side of the crown, a border of dots.
reverse: Falcon swooping on a rabbit, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10mm, weight: 0,28g, axis: 5h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-330, CNH I.-262, Unger-242,
Q-001
quadrans
Bela_IV__(1235-1270_AD),_H-330,_C1-262,_U-242,_AR-Obulus,_Q-001,_6h,_9,5mm,_0,16g-s.jpg
022. H-330 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-330, CNH I.-262, U-242, AR-Obulus, #0258 views022. H-330 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-330, CNH I.-262, U-242, AR-Obulus, #02
avers: G Є, Crowned bust left, holding a cross, pellet both side of the crown, a border of dots.
reverse: Falcon swooping on a rabbit, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 9,5mm, weight: 0,16g, axis: 6h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-330, CNH I.-262, Unger-242,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
Bela-IV_(1235-1270_AD)_U-245_CP-48_H-333_Q-001_1h_8,8mm_0,17g-s.jpg
022. H-333 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-333, CNH CP.-048, U-245, AR-Obolus, Rare! #01117 views022. H-333 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-333, CNH CP.-048, U-245, AR-Obolus, Rare! #01
avers: King enthroned facing, holding orb and cross, circle on each side; border of dots.
reverse: Eagle advancing left, head right, a circle of dots around the head; border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 8,8mm, weight: 0,17g, axis: 1h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-233, CNH CP.-048, Unger-245, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
IV_Bela_U-249_C1-341_H-334_RRR_Q-002_h_9,5-10mm_g-s.jpg
022. H-334 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-334, CNH I.-341, U-249, AR-Denar, R3!, #02 128 views022. H-334 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-334, CNH I.-341, U-249, AR-Denar, R3!, #02
avers: King standing facing between B - E, holding the sceptre, a border of dots.
reverse: Dragon with curled tail standing right amongst dots and rosettes, a border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 9,5-10 mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-334, CNH I.-341, Unger-249, R3!
Q-002
quadrans
IV_Bela_U-249_C1-341_H-334_RRR_Q-003_1h_10mm_0,25g-s.jpg
022. H-334 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-334, CNH I.-341, U-249, AR-Denar, R3!, #03 67 views022. H-334 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-334, CNH I.-341, U-249, AR-Denar, R3!, #03
avers: King standing to face between B - Є, holding the scepter, a border of dots.
reverse: Dragon with curled tail standing right amongst dots and rosettes, a border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,0 mm, weight: 0,25g, axis: 1h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-334, CNH I.-341, Unger-249, R3!
Q-003
quadrans
IV_Bela_U-249_C1-341_H-334_RRR_Q-x01_h_9,5-10mm_0,25g-s.jpg
022. H-334 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-334, CNH I.-341, U-249, AR-Obulus, R3!, #01 121 views022. H-334 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-334, CNH I.-341, U-249, AR-Obulus, R3!, #01
avers: King standing facing between B - E, holding the sceptre, a border of dots.
reverse: Dragon with curled tail standing right amongst dots and rosettes, a border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 9,5-10 mm, weight: 0,25g, axis: h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-334, CNH I.-341, Unger-249, R3!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Bela-IV_(1235-1270_AD)_U-246_C1-344_H-336_Q-001_9h_11mm_0,34g-s.jpg
022. H-336 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-336, CNH I.-344, U-246, AR-Denarius, #01146 views022. H-336 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-336, CNH I.-344, U-246, AR-Denarius, #01
avers: The Patriarchal cross between two towers; crowned head facing above, line border.
reverse: Crowned, winged lion standing left, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 11mm, weight: 0,34g, axis: 9h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-336, CNH I.-344, Unger-246, ,
Q-001
quadrans
Bela-IV_(1235-1270_AD)_U-247_C1-345_H-337_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
022. H-337 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-337, CNH I.-345, U-247, AR-Obulus, #0182 views022. H-337 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-337, CNH I.-345, U-247, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: The Patriarchal cross between two towers; crowned head facing above, line border.
reverse: Crowned, winged lion standing left, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-337, CNH I.-345, Unger-247,
Q-001
quadrans
Béla_IV__(1235-1270_AD),_AR-Obulus,_H-417,_C1-367,_U-252,_RR,_Q-001,_7h,_9-9,3mm,_0,18g-s.jpg
022. H-417 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-417, CNH I.-367, U-252, AR-Obulus, Rare! #0179 views022. H-417 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-417, CNH I.-367, U-252, AR-Obulus, Rare! #01
avers: Crowned bust facing, holding orb and scepter with lily, circle on left, Line border.
reverse: Agnus Dei advancing left, with a cross with a flag, line border.
exergue/mintmark: -/-//--, diameter: 9,0-9,3mm, weight: 0,18g, axis: 7h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-417, CNH I.-367, Unger-252, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
0224_HISP_RRCC_F681var.jpg
0224 - 1 Real Reyes Católicos c.1535 AC2 viewsObv/ Coat of arms flanked by X and X; around, : FERNANDVS : 7 : ELISABET - D
Rev/ Arrows and yoke, points around, below S. Around, + : REX : 7 : REGINA : CASTELE : LEGI

Ag, 26.5 mm, 3.28 g
Mint: Sevilla
Calicó -- - F6.8.1var
ex-Áureo & Calicó, auction Isabel de Tratámara, vol IX, lot 885
dafnis
Titus_AR-Denar_IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M_TR-P-IX-IMP-XV-COS-VIII-P-P_RIC-xx_C-xxx_Rome_80-AD__Q-001_20mm_3,20g-s.jpg
022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0115, RIC II(1962) 0022a, AR-Denarius, Roma, TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Elephant, #1300 views022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0115, RIC II(1962) 0022a, AR-Denarius, Roma, TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Elephant, #1
avers:- IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M, Laureate head right.
revers:- TR-P-IX-IMP-XV-COS-VIII-P-P, Elephant walking left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20mm, weight: 3,20g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 80 A.D., ref: RIC 0115, RIC II(1962) 0022a p-119, RSC 303, BMC 43,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Titus_AR-Denar_IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M_TR-P-IX-IMP-XV-COS-VIII-P-P_RICnew-115_RIC-II-22a_C-303_Rome_80-AD__Q-002_19mm_3,25g-s.jpg
022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0115, RIC II(1962) 0022a, AR-Denarius, Roma, TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Elephant, #1143 views022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0115, RIC II(1962) 0022a, AR-Denarius, Roma, TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Elephant, #1
avers:- IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M, Laureate head right.
revers:- TR-P-IX-IMP-XV-COS-VIII-P-P, Elephant walking left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,25g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 80 A.D., ref: RIC 0115, RIC II(1962) 0022a p-119, RSC 303, BMC 43,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
Titus_79-81-AD_Q-001_27-29mm_12,76ga-s.jpg
022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0226, RIC II(1962) 0126, AE-As, Roma, GENI P R, S/C//--, Genius standing left, Scarce!, #1299 views022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0226, RIC II(1962) 0126, AE-As, Roma, GENI P R, S/C//--, Genius standing left, Scarce!, #1
avers:- IMP T CAES VESP AVG P M TR P COS VIII, Laureate head left.
revers:- GENI P R, Genius, naked to waist, standing facing, looking left by a garlanded altar, holding patera and cornucopiae. S-C across the field.
exe: S/C//--, diameter: 27-29mm, weight: 12,76g, axis:- h,
mint: , date: , ref: RIC 0226, RIC II(1962) 0126 p-130, C-96, BMC 210,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
0235_HISP_CarIII_Cy11299.jpg
0235 - 1 Real Carlos III 1770 AC5 viewsObv/ Coat of arms, P and I to the sides, around, CAROLVS - III - DG - (HISPA)N ET IND REX
Rev/ Pillars of Hercules on waves, flanking globe; around, VTRA (QUE) VNVM G 1770 G, stars separating words.

Ag, 20.5 mm, 2.98 g
Mint: Guatemala
Cy98/10555 - Cy/11299
ex-Cayón, auction Feb 2019, Pillars Milled Colln, lot 808
dafnis
0236_HISP_CarIII_Cy11314.jpg
0236 - 1 Real Carlos III 1772 AC3 viewsObv/ Coat of arms, R and I to the sides, around, CAR - III - D - G - HISP - ET IND - R -
Rev/ Pillars of Hercules on waves, flanking globe; around, VTRA QUE VNVM, below LM - 1772 - JM.

Ag, 21.2 mm, 3.23 g
Mint: Lima
Cy98/10556 - Cy/11314
ex-Cayón, auction Feb 2019, Pillars Milled Colln, lot 863
dafnis
0237_HISP_CarIII_Cy11298.jpg
0237 - 1 Real Carlos III 1769 AC2 viewsObv/ Coat of arms, R and I to the sides, around, CAR - III - D - G - HISP - ET IND - R -
Rev/ Pillars of Hercules on waves, flanking globe; around, VTRA QUE VNVM, below PTS in monogram - 1769 - JR.

Ag, 20.5 mm, 3.34 g
Mint: Potosí
Cy98/10546 - Cy/11298
ex-Cayón, auction Feb 2019, Pillars Milled Colln, lot 1000
dafnis
030.jpg
024 SEVERUS ALEXANDER11 viewsEMPEROR: Severus Alexander
DENOMINATION: Denarius
OBVERSE: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate, draped bust right, seen from front
REVERSE: SPES PVBLICA, Spes walking left, holding flower and raising skirt
DATE: 232 AD
MINT: Roma
WEIGHT:2.47 g
RIC: 254
Barnaba6
V_Istvan_((1245)1270-1272_A_D_)_U-_C1-_H-_PTN-kVI-PT38-PT39_Nud-4-Nud-9_Q-001_6h_9,6mm_0,23g-s.jpg
024. H--- István V., (Stephen V.), King of Hungary, ((1245)1270-1272 A.D.), H--, CNH I.--, U--, PTN-K-VI 109 (2005), AR-Obolus, Very Rare!!!148 views024. H--- István V., (Stephen V.), King of Hungary, ((1245)1270-1272 A.D.), H--, CNH I.--, U--, PTN-K-VI 109 (2005), AR-Obolus, Very Rare!!!
avers: Animal figure advancing left, above the star.
reverse: •RЄX•/STЄ•-•PAN, Doublecross on the shield.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 9,6mm, weight: 0,23g, axis: 6h,
mint: , date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--, , Pannonia Terra Numizmatika (PTN)-Kamara(K)-VI/109(2005), PTN38/130(2014), PTN-39/165(2014), Nudelman-9/125(2011), Very Rare!!
Q-001
quadrans
Istvan_V_,_((1245)1270-1272_A_D_),_STEPAN_REGIS,_MONETA,_H-342,_C1-284,_U-270,_Q-001,_1h,_15mm,_0,61g-s.jpg
024. H-342 István V., (Stephen V.), King of Hungary, ((1245)1270-1272 A.D.), H-342, CNH I.-284, U-270, AR-Denarius, Very Rare!65 views024. H-342 István V., (Stephen V.), King of Hungary, ((1245)1270-1272 A.D.), H-342, CNH I.-284, U-270, AR-Denarius, Very Rare!
avers: STЄPAN RЄGIS, King seated facing on the arch in a circle of dots, holding a cross, border of dots
reverse: Patriarchal cross amongst circles, dots, and M - O / ͶЄ - TA, the border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 15,0mm, weight: 0,61g, axis: 1h,
mint: , date: 1270-1272 A.D., ref: Huszár-342, CNH I.-284, Unger-270, Very Rare!
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
V_Istvan_((1245)1270-1272_A_D_)_U-258_C1-_H-345_Q-001_h_9,3mm_0,19g-s.jpg
024. H-345 István V., (Stephen V.), King of Hungary, ((1245)1270-1272 A.D.), H-345, CNH I.--, U-258, AR-Denarius, #01136 views024. H-345 István V., (Stephen V.), King of Hungary, ((1245)1270-1272 A.D.), H-345, CNH I.--, U-258, AR-Denarius, #01
avers: Crowned bust facing, holding orb and scepter, the border of dots.
reverse: Three lilies on shield amongst three lilies, the border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 9,3mm, weight: 0,19g, axis: 0h,
mint: , date: 1270-1272 A.D., ref: Huszár-345, CNH I.--, Unger-258, Homan-Num.Közl. XV,1, R!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
V_Istvan_((1245)1270-1272_A_D_)_U-262_C1-290_H-350_Q-001_3h_11mm_0,34g-s.jpg
024. H-350 István V., (Stephen V.), King of Hungary, ((1245)1270-1272 A.D.), H-350, CNH I.-290, U-262, AR-Denarius, #01156 views024. H-350 István V., (Stephen V.), King of Hungary, ((1245)1270-1272 A.D.), H-350, CNH I.-290, U-262, AR-Denarius, #01
avers: Crowned bust facing, holding Lily, the border of dots.
reverse: +R•ЄX•STЄ•P•AN•VS, Lily between two branches, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: 0,34g, axis: 3h,
mint: , date: A.D., ref: Huszár-350, CNH I.-290, Unger-262,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Istvan_V_,_((1245)1270-1272_A_D_),_REX_STEPAHS,_Pei_(Hebrew_letter),_H-352,_C1-292,_U-264,_Q-001,_7h,_11,5-12,5mm,_0,63g-s.jpg
024. H-352 István V., (Stephen V.), King of Hungary, ((1245)1270-1272 A.D.), H-352, CNH I.-292, U-264, AR-Denarius, Rare! #166 views024. H-352 István V., (Stephen V.), King of Hungary, ((1245)1270-1272 A.D.), H-352, CNH I.-292, U-264, AR-Denarius, Rare! #1
avers: RЄX STЄPAHS, Crowned head of the king left, the border of dots.
reverse: Hebrew letter (pe) between two animals prancing with their back to each other, looking backward, the border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 11,5-12,5mm, weight: 0,63g, axis: 7h,
mint: , date: 1270-1272 A.D., ref: Huszár-352, CNH I.-292, Unger-264, Rare!
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Domitian_AR-Den_CAESAR_AVG-F-DOMITIANVS-_COS-IIII_Roma-RIC-238-new-921-76-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_19-20mm_2,99g-s.jpg
024a Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0921, RIC II(1962) 0238(Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Rome, COS IIII, Pegasus, Scarce!, #1452 views024a Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0921, RIC II(1962) 0238(Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Rome, COS IIII, Pegasus, Scarce!, #1
avers: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, Laureate head of Domitian right.
reverse: COS IIII, Pegasus walking right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 19,0-20,0mm, weight: 2,99g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 76 A.D., ref: RIC-II-(1962)-0238,p-42, RIC-New-0921(Vespasian), RSC 47, BMC 193,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
Domitian_AR-Den_CAESAR_AVG-F-DOMITIANVS_COS-IIII_Roma-RIC-II-238-p-42_new-918_76-AD_Q-002_6h_18,0-19,5mm_3,21g-s.jpg
024a Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0921, RIC II(1962) 0238(Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Rome, COS IIII, Pegasus, Scarce!, #2163 views024a Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0921, RIC II(1962) 0238(Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Rome, COS IIII, Pegasus, Scarce!, #2
avers: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, Laureate head of Domitian right.
reverse: COS IIII, Pegasus walking right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,0-19,5mm, weight: 3,21g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 76 A.D., ref: RIC-II(1962)-0238, p-42, RIC-New-0921 (Vespasian), RSC 47, BMC 193,
Q-002
2 commentsquadrans
RICa_0921,_RIC_II(1962)_0238(Vesp_),_024_Domitian_(69-81_A_D__Caes__81-96_A_D__Aug_),_AR-Den,_IMP_CAESAR_AVG_F_DOMITIANVS,_COS_IIII,_Roma,_76-AD,_Q-003,_6h,_17,5-18mm,_3,11g-s.jpg
024a Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0921, RIC II(1962) 0238(Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Rome, COS IIII, Pegasus, Scarce!, #3164 views024a Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0921, RIC II(1962) 0238(Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Rome, COS IIII, Pegasus, Scarce!, #3
avers: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, Laureate head of Domitian right.
reverse: COS IIII, Pegasus walking right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,0mm, weight: 3,11g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 76 A.D., ref: RIC-II(1962)-0238, p-42, RIC-New-0921 (Vespasian), RSC 47, BMC 193,
Q-003
5 commentsquadrans
Domitian_AE-AS_CAESAR-AVG-F-DOMITIAN-COS-V_No-legend_S-C_RIC-II-723Vesp_RIC-New-Vesp_C-_Rome-77-78-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_25,5-27,5mm_9,74g-s.jpg
024a Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 1053, RIC II(1962) 0723(Vespasian), AE-As, Rome, No legend, S-C, Spes left, #1233 views024a Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 1053, RIC II(1962) 0723(Vespasian), AE-As, Rome, No legend, S-C, Spes left, #1
avers:- CAESAR-AVG-F-DOMITIAN-COS-V, Laureate head of Domitian right.
revers:- No legend, Spes walking left, in right holding flower, with left raising fold of robe, S-C across the field.
exe: S/C//--, diameter: 25,5-27,5mm, weight: 91,74g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome ???, date: 77-78 A.D., ref: RIC 1053, RIC II(1962) 0723(Vespasian) p-99,
Q-001
quadrans
quadrans-Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0250, RIC II(1962) 0435, AE-Quadrans, Rome, Rhinoceros walking left, Scarce!, #188 views024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0250, RIC II(1962) 0435, AE-Quadrans, Rome, Rhinoceros walking left, Scarce!, #1
avers: Rhinoceros walking left.
reverse: IMP DOMIT AVG GERM around large SC.
diameter: 16,518mm, weight: 2,24, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 84-85 A.D., ref: RIC 0250, RIC II(1962) 0435 p-208, BMCRE 498, C-674,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Claudius-RIC-72.jpg
025. Claudius.10 viewsQuadrans, 41 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG / Modius.
Reverse: PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT / S C
3.01 gm., 17 mm.
RIC #72.

COS DES IT - Consul Designatus Iterum: Consul-Elect for the second time, but before actually taking office.
Callimachus
IV__László,_AR-Obulus,_Nudelman_3,_No-153_publ,_H-,CNH-I-,_U-,_Q-001,_6h,_10mm,_0,18g-s.jpg
025. H--- László IV., (Ladislaus IV.), King of Hungary, (1272-1290 A.D.), H--, CNH I.--, U--, AR-Obulus, Rare! #185 views025. H--- László IV., (Ladislaus IV.), King of Hungary, (1272-1290 A.D.), H--, CNH I.--, U--, AR-Obulus, Rare! #1
avers: Serrated double bows, sword each side, bull's head in the middle, above it a star.
reverse: Pelican (or Dragon) walks to the left, star to the right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,0mm, weight: 0,18g, axis: 6h,
mint: Esztergom (?), date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--, Published in Nudelman 3rd. Auktion, Lot:153, 22-23.09.2007.
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
H-382_László_IV_,_(Ladislaus_IV_),_King_of_Hungary,_(1272-1290_A_D_),_H-382,_CNH_I_-328,_U-290,_AR-Denarius,_Q-001,_10h,_12mm,_0,42g-s.jpg
025. H-382 László IV., (Ladislaus IV.), King of Hungary, (1272-1290 A.D.), H-382, CNH I.-328, U-290, AR-Denarius, Castle with two towers, B-C, #01165 views025. H-382 László IV., (Ladislaus IV.), King of Hungary, (1272-1290 A.D.), H-382, CNH I.-328, U-290, AR-Denarius, Castle with two towers, B-C, #01
avers: Emperor facing holding cross and scepter, B in the left field, line border.
reverse: Castle with two towers cross between towers, circles above and below, B and C on both sides, line border.
exergue: B/C//--, diameter: 12,0mm, weight: 0,42g, axis: 10h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-382, CNH I.-328, Unger-290,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
IV_Laszlo_U-291_C1-330_H-384_Q-001_12mm_0,35ga-s.jpg
025. H-384 László IV., (Ladislaus IV.), King of Hungary, (1272-1290 A.D.), H-384, CNH I.-330, U-291, AR-Denarius, #0188 views025. H-384 László IV., (Ladislaus IV.), King of Hungary, (1272-1290 A.D.), H-384, CNH I.-330, U-291, AR-Denarius, #01
avers: City wall with gate, bastion between two towers, cross between two birds above, border of dots.
reverse: Eagle with spread wings, advancing left, a border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,0mm, weight: 0,35g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-384, CNH I.-330, Unger-291,
Q-001
quadrans
III_Andras-(1290-1301)_U-321_C1-363_H-413_001_Q-001_0h_11,5mm_0,44g-s.jpg
026. H-413 András III., (Andreas III.), King of Hungary, (1290-11301 A.D.), H-413, CNH I.-363, U-321, AR-Denarius, #0184 views026. H-413 András III., (Andreas III.), King of Hungary, (1290-11301 A.D.), H-413, CNH I.-363, U-321, AR-Denarius, #01
avers: King standing facing, holding sword and shield, patriarchal cross on the shield, a border of dots.
reverse: The lion of Saint Mark, a border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 11,5mm, weight: 0,44g, axis:0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár-413, CNH I.-363, Unger-321,
Q-001
quadrans
III_Andras-(1290-1301)_U-334_C1-372_H-422_001_Q-001_4h_12,1mm_0,32g-s.jpg
026. H-422 András III., (Andreas III.), King of Hungary, (1290-11301 A.D.), H-422, CNH I.-372, U-334, AR-Denarius, R!, #01114 views026. H-422 András III., (Andreas III.), King of Hungary, (1290-11301 A.D.), H-422, CNH I.-372, U-334, AR-Denarius, R!, #01
avers: Crowned bust facing between letters A and D, a border of dots.
reverse: Branch of raspberry (?) with leaves and two fruits, a border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,1mm, weight: 0,32g, axis:4h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár-422, CNH I.-372, Unger-334,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
III_Andras-(1290-1301)_U---_C1----_H----_PTN-14_-No-101_001_Q-001_4h_9,4mm_0,15g-s.jpg
026. H-422A. András III., (Andreas III.), King of Hungary, (1290-11301 A.D.), H--, CNH I.--, U--, PTN 14, No 101, AR-Obolus, RRR!, #01108 views026. H-422A. András III., (Andreas III.), King of Hungary, (1290-11301 A.D.), H--, CNH I.--, U--, PTN 14, No 101, AR-Obolus, RRR!, #01
avers: Two Fish, border of dots.
reverse: Branch of raspberry (?) with leaves and two fruits, a border of dots (Very similar the reverse of the U-334, but smaller).
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,1mm, weight: 0,32g, axis:4h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--, First published: 08.11.2003., PTN 14., No 101., Very Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
Andras-III_(1290-1301_AD)_U-341_C1-_H-432_Homan-Num-Kozl_-XV_1_Q-001_8h_8-8,5mm_0,16g-s.jpg
026. H-432 András III., (Andreas III.), King of Hungary, (1290-11301 A.D.), H-432, CNH I.--, U-341, AR-Denarius, #0191 views026. H-432 András III., (Andreas III.), King of Hungary, (1290-11301 A.D.), H-432, CNH I.--, U-341, AR-Denarius, #01
avers: +RЄX ANDRЄAS, in a circle, crowned head facing in the center.
reverse: Eagle standing left, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 8-8,5mm, weight: 0,16g, axis:8h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-432, CNH I.--, Unger-341, Very Rare !!!
Q-001
quadrans
augustusAE19.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS & RHOEMETALKES I AE19 - struck 11 BC-12 AD171 viewsobv: BACILEWS POIMHTALKOY (diademed head of Rhoemetalkes right)
rev: KAICAPOC CEBACTOY (bare head of Augustus right)
ref: RPC 1718, SNGCop 1192, BMC 7-9, Moushmov 5782, Jurukova 200.
mint: Byzantion (?), Thracian Kingdom
5.47gms, 19mm

History: The Hellenistic kingdom of Thrace broke up in the 1st century BC - conquered by Rome. Rhoemetalkes I was awarded the kingdom of Thrace by the Romans in 11 BC. After his death in 12 AD, the emperor Augustus divided Thrace between Rhoemetalkes son & brother.
berserker
augustus RIC344-RRR.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AR denarius - struck by P. Licinius Stolo, moneyer (17 BC)83 viewsobv: AVGVSTVS TR POT (Augustus, laureate, wearing cloak and short tunic, on horseback riding right, holding patera in right hand - banker's mark)
rev: P STOLO III VIR (Salii or priest of Mars's cap (same than apex flaminis) between two studded oval shields (ancilia)).
ref: RIC I 344 (R3); BMCRE 76; RSC 439 (80frcs)
mint: Rome
3.53gms,18-19mm
Extremely rare

History: The Ludi Saeculares were spread over a period of three days (from May 31 to June 3), and Augustus celebrated them to inaugurate the beginning of a new age. On the reverse of this coin the ancilias (sacred shields) symbolised the music at festivals. The "jumping priests" or Salii marched to the Regia, where was the shrine of Mars, in which the ancilia (the sacred shield, and its 11 copies) of Mars were stored. The Salii wearing apex, taking the bronze Ancilia, and danced through the streets carrying poles with the shields mounted on them in their left hands. With their other hand, they banged the shields with a drumstick.
3 commentsberserker
238-augustus as.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AVGVSTVS AE as - struck by C. Plotius Rufus moneyer (15 BC)49 viewsobv: CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST (bare head right)
rev: C PLOTIVS RVFVS III VIR AAA FF / S.C.
ref: RIC I 389, C.504 (2frcs)
mint: Rome
11.06gms, 28mm

The moneyers were called tresviri aere argento auro flando feriundo, literally "three men for striking (and) casting bronze, silver (and) copper (coins)". The title was abbreviated III. VIR. AAA. FF. on the coinage itself. These men were also known collectively known as the tresviri monetalis or sometimes, less correctly, as the triumviri monetales.
berserker
Traian_AE-4_Quadrans_IMP-CAES-TRAIAN-AVG-GERM_Boar_walking_right_S-C_RIC-702-C-341_BMC-1062_Rome-98-102-AD_Q-001_6h_14,5-15,5mm_g-s.jpg
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0702, Rome, AE-Quadrans, Boar walking right, S C in exergue, Scarce !, #176 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0702, Rome, AE-Quadrans, Boar walking right, S C in exergue, Scarce !, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-TRAIAN-AVG-GERM, Diademed bust of Hercules right with lion-skin on neck.
revers:- Boar walking right, S C in exergue.
exe: -/-//SC, diameter:14,5-15,5mm, weight: 2,91g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-II-702, BMC 1062, C-341, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Vencel_(1301-1305_AD)_U-343a_Q-001_0h_11,5-12,5mm_0,44ga-s.jpg
027 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #0191 views027 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #01
avers: King enthroned facing, between two flowers, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
reverse: Harpy standing left; border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 11,5-12,5mm, weight: 0,44g, axis:0h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Unger-343var, CP-56, Huszár-434a, Very Rare !!!
Q-001
quadrans
Vencel_(1301-1305_AD)_U-343a_Q-003_3h_12mm_0,46ga-s.jpg
027 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #0296 views027 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #02
avers: King enthroned facing, between two flowers, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
reverse: Harpy standing left; border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12mm, weight: 0,46g, axis:3h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Unger-343var, CP-56, Huszár-434a, Very Rare !!!
Q-002
quadrans
Vencel_(1301-1305_AD)_U-343a_Q-002_0h_12,5mm_0,30ga-s.jpg
027 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #0399 views027 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #03
avers: King enthroned facing, between two flowers, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
reverse: Harpy standing left; border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,5mm, weight: 0,30g, axis:0h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Unger-343var, CP-56, Huszár-434a, Very Rare !!!
Q-003
quadrans
029_Károly_Róbert_,_(Charles_Robert_of_Anjou,_Angevin)_,_King_of_Hungary,_(1307-1342_A_D_),_Chronicon_Pictum-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.), Chronicon Pictum62 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.), Chronicon Pictumquadrans
Anjou_Károly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD),_Denar,_H-473,_C2-029,_U-374b,_Pohl_31-2,__M_REGIS_KARVLI,_Lily_L-I,_Lippa,_1330-AD,_Q-001,_6h,_14,5-14,8mm,_0,63g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-473, CNH-2-029, U-374.b, #01128 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-473, CNH-2-029, U-374.b, #01
avers: ✠•M•REGIS KARVLI, King, facing, helmeted; border of dots.
reverse: Large Lily, L-I, line border.
exergue, mint mark: L/I//--, diameter: 14,5-14,8mm, weight: 0,63g, axis:6h,
mint: Hungary, Lipa, (today Lipova, Romania), date: 1330 (by Pohl) A.D., ref: Huszár-473, CNH-2-029, Unger-374.b, Pohl-31-03,
Q-001


Charles Robert of Anjou
2 commentsquadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_Denar_U-374_C2-029_H-473_M-REGIS-KARVLI_Lily_S-E_Schemnitz_1330-AD_Q-001_9h_13,5mm_0,63g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-473, CNH-2-029, U-374.e, #0197 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-473, CNH-2-029, U-374.e, #01
avers: ✠ M REGIS•KARVLI, King, facing, helmeted; border of dots.
reverse: Large Lily, S-E, line border.
exergue, mint mark: S/E//--, diameter: 13,5mm, weight: 0,63g, axis:9h,
mint: Hungary, Selmecbánya, (Schemnitz, today Banská Štiavnica), date: 1330 (by Pohl) A.D., ref: Huszár-473, CNH-2-029, Unger-374.e, Pohl-31-03,
Q-001
quadrans
Anjou_Károly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD),_Denar,_H-488,_C2-044,_U-385,_Pohl_45,__M_REGIS_KAROLI,_Dragon,_1335_AD,_Q-001,_2h,_11mm,_0,33g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-488, CNH-2-044, U-385, P-45, #0173 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-488, CNH-2-044, U-385, P-45, #01
avers: ✠ M REGIS KARVLI, Inside of the line circle, a shield with Angevin fleur-de-lis and Árpádian stripes, annulets flanking and above, line border.
reverse: Winged dragon advancing right the cross above, the border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: 0,33g, axis:2h,
mint: Hungary, date: 1335 (by Pohl) A.D., ref: Huszár-488, CNH-2-044, Unger-385, Pohl-45,
Q-001


Charles Robert of Anjou
2 commentsquadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1308_AD)_Denar_U-356_C2-033_H-449_S-C_Q-001_3h_11,5mm_0,38g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-356, #01104 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-356, #01
avers: Emperor faceing, crowned head with curly hair, facing, small circle both side of the crown, mint-mark on each side (S-C), circle of dots.
reverse: Four-part Anjou-Hungarian shield, two dots both side, line border.
exergue, mint mark: S/C//--, diameter: 11,5mm, weight: 0,38g, axis: 3h,
mint: Hungary, Zagreb (by Pohl), date: before 1308 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-356, CNH-2-033, Huszár-449, Pohl-06,
Q-001
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Denar_U-361_C1-381_H-451_C-R-V-X_helmet-left_1319-22-AD_Q-001_6h_11,5mm_0,34g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-361, #0199 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-361, #01
avers: Cross, lily of each end, C-R-V-X of each corner, line border.
reverse: Helmet left, line border.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,5mm, weight: 0,34g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1320 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-361, CNH-1-381, Huszár-451, Pohl-08,
Q-001
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_U-362_Q-001_mm_g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-362, #01107 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-362, #01
avers: ✠ MOnETA REGIS KARVLI; Hungarian-Anjou shield in circle of dots; border of dots.
reverse: Lily, bird, crowned head on either side of patriarchal cross, star and circle within crescent above; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: bird/bird//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1324 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-362, CNH-2-054A, Huszár-446, Pohl-13,
Q-001
"The reverse is in the style of the Slavonian banaldenars."
quadrans
Karuli-1-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-362b, Reverse shield !!!72 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-362b, Reverse shield !!!
avers: ✠ MOnETA REGIS KARVLI; Anjou-Hungarian (!!!) shield in circle of dots; border of dots.
reverse: Lily, bird, crowned head on either side of patriarchal cross, star and circle within crescent above; border of dots.,
exergue, mint mark: bird/bird//-- were struck by Ladislaus Gurhes, diameter: mm, weight: g,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1323 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-362b, Reverse shield !!!, CNH-2-054B, Huszár-446B, Pohl-12,
Q-001
"The reverse is in the style of the Slavonian banaldenars."
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Denar_U-365_C2-051_H-459_MONETA-REGIS-KARVLI_Q-001_3h_14mm_0,82g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-365, #0184 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-365, #01
avers: ✠ MOnETA REGIS KARVLI; Crowned bust facing in circle of dots; border of dots.
reverse: Lily, bird, crowned head on either side of patriarchal cross on base; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: bird/bird//--, diameter: 14mm, weight: 0,82g, axis: 3h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1325 (by Pohl) A.D., ref: Unger-365, , CNH-2-051, Huszár-459, Pohl-16,
Q-001
"The reverse is in the style of the Slavonian banaldenars."
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Denar_U-369_C2-013_H-465_K-enthroned_MONETA-RE(G)IS-KARVLI_1327-AD_Q-001_5h_12,9mm_0,46g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-369, #01167 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-369, #01
avers: King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ MOnЄTA RЄIS KARVLI, Falcon with spread wings standing facing, in circle of dots, head right; border of dots. Without mint-mark.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 12,9mm, weight: 0,46g, axis:5h,
mint: Hungary, ???, mint mark: No, date: 1327 A.D., ref: Unger-369, CNH-2-013, Huszár-465, Pohl-22,
This emission was referred to in contemporary sources as a denarius cum Aquila.
Q-001
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Denar_U-369_C2-013_H-465_K-enthroned_MONETA-RE(G)IS-KARVLI_1327-AD_Q-002_7h_13,2mm_0,68g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-369, #02146 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-369, #01
avers: King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ MOnЄTA RЄIS KARVLI, Falcon with spread wings standing facing, in circle of dots, head right; border of dots. Without mint-mark.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 13,2mm, weight: 0,68g, axis:7h,
mint: Hungary, ???, mint mark: No, date: 1327 A.D., ref: Unger-369, CNH-2-013, Huszár-465, Pohl-22,
This emission was referred to in contemporary sources as a denarius cum Aquila.
Q-002
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_Den_U-376_C2-021_H-476_REX_KAROLVS_-_Q-001_h_15mm_0,92g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-376, Stilized Anjou lily, #0198 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-376, Stilized Anjou lily, #01
avers: REX•KAROLVS, Crowned bust facing; border of dots.
reverse: Lily; line border.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 15mm, weight: 0,92g,
mint: Hungary, Pécs ? (Pohl), date: 1332 A.D., ref: Unger-376, CNH-2-021, Huszár-476, Pohl-33,
Q-001
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_Denar_U-378_C2-008_H-479_lily-patriarchalcross_KAROLVS_REX_hVNGhARIE_Nicolaus-Szatmari1333-AD_Q-001_7h_15mm_1,08g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-378a, #0182 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-378a, #01
avers: King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb; Lily-Patriarchal Cross, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ KAROLVS:RЄX:hVnGARIЄ, Shield with Árpádian stripes and Anjevin lilies; line border.
exergue, mint mark: lily/Patriarchal Cross//-- were srucked by Nicolaus Szatmari (by Pohl), diameter: 15mm, weight: 1,08g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Esztergom, date: 1334 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-378a, CNH-2-008, Huszár-479, Pohl-36-02,
Q-001
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Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Denar_U-393n_C2-018_H-495_REGIS_KAROLI_m_REGIS_hVnGARIE_Q-001_11h_15mm_0,70g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-393.n, #01115 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-393.n, #01
avers: RЄGIS•KAROLI, King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
reverse: ✠ m•RЄGIS•hVnGARIЄ, Shield with Árpádian stripes and Anjevin lilies, botle(symbols) as (privy marks) to left and righ, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark:botle(symbols)/botle(symbols)//--, diameter: 15mm, weight: 0,70g, axis:11h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: botle(symbols)-botle(symbols), date: 1338 (by Pohl) A.D., ref: Unger-393.n, CNH-2-018, Huszár-495, Pohl-52-04,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Denar_U-394f_C2-015_H-497_m_REGIS_hVnGARIE_Q-001_6h_14,5mm_0,48g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-394.f, #0181 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-394.f, #01
avers: King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
reverse: ✠ m•RЄGIS•hVnGARIЄ, Head of ostrich holding horse-shoe on helmet, mint-mark on each side; line border.
exergue, mint mark: D/R//-- were struck by Leopoldus (Hypolit?) (by Pohl), diameter: 14,5mm, weight: 0,70g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya, (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), date: 1339-1342 A.D., ref: Unger-394.f, CNH-2-015, Huszár-497, Pohl-54-07,
Q-001
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Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Denar_U-394n_C2-015_H-497_m-REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_7h_14,5mm_0,70g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-394.n, #0175 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-394.n, #01
avers: King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
reverse: ✠ m•RЄGIS•hVnGARIЄ, Head of ostrich holding horse-shoe on helmet, mint-mark on each side; line border.
exergue, mint mark: lily/lily/lily/lily//-- were struck by Martinus (by Pohl), diameter: 14,5mm, weight: 0,70g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Szomolnok, (Scmöllnitz, today Slovakia: Smolník), date: 1339-1342 A.D., ref: Unger-394.n, CNH-2-015, Huszár-497, Pohl-54-03,
Q-001
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Karoly-Robert_Obulus_U-401_C2-009_H-477_REX_KAROLVS_-_Q-001_6h_11,5mm_0,47g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-377, Stilized Anjou lily, #0191 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-377, Stilized Anjou lily, #01
avers: REX•KAROLVS, Crowned bust facing, border of dots.
reverse: Lily, line border.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter:11,5mm, weight:0,47g, axis:6h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs ? (Pohl), date: 1332 A.D., ref: Unger-401, CNH-2-009, Huszár-477, Pohl-34,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_Obulus_U-400_C2-012_H-475_M-REGIS-KARVLI_Q-001_0h_12mm_0_27ga-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-400, #0181 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-400, #01
avers: King enthroned, facing, in circle, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
reverse: ✠ •M•RЄGIS KARVLI•, Anjou-Hungarian shield in circle of dots, lily above, stylized bird on each side; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 12mm, weight: 0,27g, axis: 0h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1330-1332 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-400, CNH-2-012, Huszár-475, Pohl-30,
Q-001
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Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_Obulus_U-400_C2-012_H-475_M-REGIS-KARVLI_Q-002_9h_12mm_0_40g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-400, #02135 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-400, #02
avers: King enthroned, facing, in circle, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
reverse: ✠ •M•RЄGIS KARVLI•, Anjou-Hungarian shield in circle of dots, lily above, stylized bird on each side; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 12mm, weight: 0,40g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1330-1332 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-400, CNH-2-012, Huszár-475, Pohl-30,
Q-002
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Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Obulus_U-403_C2-019_H-496_No-Legend_M_REGIS_KAROLI_Q-001_0h_11,5mm_0,36g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-403.???, New privy mark!!! #01124 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-403.???, New privy mark!!! #01
avers: No legend, King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb, botle(symbols) to left and right Angevin lilies above and belove both sides, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ M•RЄGIS KAROLI•, Shield with Árpádian stripes and Angevin lilies, botle(symbols) as (privy marks) to left and right, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark:botle(symbols)/botle(symbols)//--, diameter: 11,5mm, weight: 0,36g, axis:0h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: botle(symbols)-botle(symbols), date: 1338 (by Pohl) A.D., ref: Unger-403.???, CNH-2-019, Huszár-496, Pohl-52-??,
Q-001
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Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_Denar_U-390_C2-034_H-493_x-x_1336AD_Q-001_4h_10,0mm_0,22ga-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #0199 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #01
avers: Emperor faceing, Crowned head with curly hair, facing, mint-mark on each side (crown on top of "A"-crown on top of "A"); line border.
reverse: Wings, six-pointed star below, line border.
exergue, mint mark: crown on top of "A"/crown on top of "A"//--, diameter: 10,0mm, weight: 0,22g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Székesfehérvár (by Pohl), date: 1336 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-390, CNH-2-034, Huszár-493, Pohl-50,
Q-001
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Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_Denar_U-390_C2-034_H-493_x-x_1336AD_Q-002_h_mm_0,20ga-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #0295 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #02
avers: Emperor faceing, Crowned head with curly hair, facing, mint-mark on each side (crown on top of "A"-crown on top of "A"); line border.
reverse: Wings, six-pointed star below, line border.
exergue, mint mark: crown on top of "A"/crown on top of "A"//--, diameter: mm, weight: 0,20g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Székesfehérvár (by Pohl), date: 1336 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-390, CNH-2-034, Huszár-493, Pohl-50,
Q-002
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Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_Denar_U-390_C2-034_H-493_x-x_1336AD_Q-003_h_mm_0,13ga-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #0376 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #03
avers: Emperor faceing, Crowned head with curly hair, facing, mint-mark on each side (crown on top of "A"-crown on top of "A"); line border.
reverse: Wings, six-pointed star below, line border.
exergue, mint mark: crown on top of "A"/crown on top of "A"//--, diameter: mm, weight: 0,13g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Székesfehérvár (by Pohl), date: 1336 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-390, CNH-2-034, Huszár-493, Pohl-50,
Q-003
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Tiberius_RIC_I_4.jpg
03 01 Tiberius RIC 454 viewsTiberius 14-37 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum Mint, 15-16 A.D. (3.74g, 17.6mm, 6h). Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right. Rev: [TR POT X]VII. IMP [VII] in exergue, Tiberius, laur. And cloaked, stg. In slow Quadriga r., holding laurel branch and eagle tipped scepter. RIC I 4 (R2), BMC 7, RSC 48.

For an emperor with relatively long reign, Tiberius’ silver coinage was remarkably unvaried with the ubiquitous “tribute penny” making up the bulk of his denarii. This is a decent example of, perhaps, the second most common silver coin. Although the reverse legends are largely off the flan, the obverse has a decent portrait and legend.
2 commentsLucas H
Nabatea Aretas II Meshorer 1.jpg
03-05 - Aretas III (82-67 A.C.)111 viewsAE 14 x 15 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: Cabeza de Atenas viendo a derecha, con yelmo y largo cabello de puntos.
Rev: Nike viendo a izquierda, portando un objeto incierto en mano izquierdo y corona en derecha Creciente y "Λ"(A?) en campo izq.

Ceca: Damasco – Syria

Referencias: Meshorer #1
mdelvalle