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Search results - "Jupiter"
DenAntestioGragbis.jpg
48 viewsDenarius - 136 B.C. L Antestius Gragulus Gens Antestia
Ob.: Helmeted head of Roma right with XVI in monogram under the chin. GRAG behind
Rev.: Jupiter in galloping quadriga, L ANTES below (ANTE in monogram). In ex. ROMA
g. 3,8 mm. 19,1
Syd 451, Cr238/1, Sear RCV 115
1 commentsMaxentius
DenCVibioPansaPanbis.jpg
22 viewsDenarius - 48 BC.
C VIBIVS C.f. C.n. PANSA CAETRONIANVS - Gens Vibia
Obv.: Mask of Pan right, PANSA below
Rev.: IOVIS AXVR before, C VIBIVS C F C N behind, Jupiter Axurus seated left.
Gs. 3,7 mm. 17,2x18
Cr449/1, Sear RCV 420.

Maxentius
VittoriatoCrescbis.jpg
22 viewsAR Victoriatus - Anonymous - 207 B.C.
Ob. Laureate head of Jupiter right.
Rev.: Victory standing right, erecting trophy, crescent in field, ROMA in exergue.
Gs. 3,4 mm. 16
Cr57/1, Sear RCV 50
Maxentius
Quadrigato.jpg
77 viewsAnonymous AR Quadrigatus or Didrachm. 215-213 BC.
Obv.: Laureate, janiform head of the Dioscuri
Rev.: Jupiter right, holding scepter & hurling thunderbolt, in a quadriga driven by Victory, ROMA below in a tablet.
Grs. 5,7 mm. 19,5x20,9
Craw. 29/3, Sear RCV 32

1 commentsMaxentius
DenRubrioDosseno2.jpg
51 viewsDenarius - 87 B.C. - Mint of Rome
L. RVBRIVS DOSSENVS - Gens RVBRIA
Ob.: Laureate head of Jupiter right with sceptre on his shoulder. DOSSEN behind;
Rev.: Carpentum right with a little Victory above. In ex. L. RVBRI
Gs. 4 mm. 16,6x17,5
Craw. 348/1, Sear RCV 258
3 commentsMaxentius
DenQFabioLabeo.jpg
29 viewsDenarius - 124 B.C. - Mint of Rome
Q. FABIVS LABEO - Gens Fabia
Ob.:LABEO before, ROMA behind, helmeted head of Roma right, X below chin
Rev.: Jupiter in quadriga right, rostrum below; Q FABI in ex.
Gs. 3,9 mm. 17,5x18,6
Craw. 273/1, Sear RCV 148.

Maxentius
QuinCnLentulus.jpg
19 viewsAR Quinarius - 88 B.C.
CN. CORNELIVS LENTVLVS CLODIANVS - Gens Cornelia
Obv.: Laureate head of Jupiter right
Rev.: Victory right crowning trophy. In ex. CN LENT (NT in monogram)
Gs. 1,5 mm. 13,4x14,5
Crawford 345/2, Sear RCV 255

Maxentius
Vittoriato2.jpg
28 viewsAR Victoriatus - Anonymous - After 211 B.C.
Ob. Laureate head of Jupiter right.
Rev.: Victory standing right, erecting trophy, ROMA in exergue.
Gs. 3,8 mm. 18,5
Craw. 44/1, Sear RCV 49
Maxentius
DenCurtiusSilano.jpg
25 viewsDenarius - 116/115 B.C.
CN. DOMITIVS, Q. CURTIVS, M. SILANVS - Gens Curtia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Rome right. X behind; Q. CVRT before
Rev.: Jupiter in quadriga right, holding thunderbolt. A lituus above; M. SILA (LA in monogram) below. In ex. ROMA
Gs. 3,8 mm. 19,3
Craw. 285/2, Sear RCV 162
Maxentius
DenCnCornelioBlasio.jpg
26 viewsDenarius, 112/111 B.C. Rome Mint
CN. CORNELIVS CN.F. BLASIO - Gens Cornelia
Obv.:Mars, helmeted, right (or Scipio Africanus), CN. BLASIO CN.F. before (var. N retrograde), bucranium behind. XVI (in monogram) above
Rev.: Juno, Jupiter being crowned by Minerva; letter Θ in field, ROMA in ex.
Gs. 3,25 mm. 20,6x18,4
Crawford 296/1c, Sear RCV 173, Grueber 626



Maxentius
DenLentuloMarcello.jpg
67 viewsDenarius - 49 B.C.
L CORNELIVS LENTVLVS & C CLAVDIVS MARCELLVS - Gens Cornelia.
Obv.: Facing head of Medusa in center of triskeles, ear of corn between each leg
Rev.: Jupiter standing right with thunderbolt & eagle. LENT MAR (NT & MAR in monogram) left, COS right.
Gs. 3,5 mm. 18,4
Craw. 445/1b, Sear RCV 414.



3 commentsMaxentius
DenLProcilius.jpg
34 viewsDenarius - 80 BC.
L. PROCILIVS - Gens PROCILIA
Obv.: Bust of Jupiter right, S C behind
Rev.: L PROCILI F, Juno Sospita advancing right with sheild and spear. Serpent before.
Gs. 3,9 mm. 18,2x18,9
Craw.379/1, Sear RCV 306

1 commentsMaxentius
SEV ALEX-4~0.jpg
32 viewsSEVERVS ALEXANDER - Dupondius - 231/232 A.D. - Mint of Rome
Obv.: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, radiate head right
Rev.: IOVI PROPVGNATORI S C, Jupiter walking left, head right, holding thunderbolt.
Gs. 11,6 mm. 26,3
Cohen 81, RIC629
1 commentsMaxentius
DenAcilioBalbo.jpg
51 viewsDenarius - 125 BC (Grueber 124/103 BC) - Mint of Rome
MN ACILIVS BALBVS - Gens Acilia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right; XVI in monogram before, BALBVS behind, ROMA below, within laurel wreath
Rev.:Jupiter & Victory in quadriga right; Macedonian shield below the horses. In ex. MN (in monogram) ACILI
Gs. 3,8 mm. 18,4
Craw. 271/1, Sear RCV .147, BMRRC 1019

1 commentsMaxentius
DenQCecilioMetello.jpg
21 viewsDenarius - 130 BC. - Rome mint.
Q. CAECILIVS METELLVS - Gens Caecilia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right; Q. METE (in monogram) behind, * below chin
Rev.: Jupiter with thunderbolt & branch walking in quadriga right. ROMA in exergue.
Gs. 3,9 mm. 21,38x18,86
Craw. 256/1, Sear RCV 132, Grueber 1053

Maxentius
CONTIUS1-1.jpg
49 viewsConstantius I Chlorus - AE Post-Reform Radiate - 294-299 AD - Alexandria mint
Obv.: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev.: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Constantius standing right, receiving globe from Jupiter standing opposite and holding a scepte, Δ between. In ex., ALE
Gs. 3,2 mm. 20,5
Cohen 20

Maxentius
DenScauroIpseo.jpg
70 viewsDenarius - Denarius - 58 BC.
M. AEMILIVS SCAVRVS & P. PLAVTIVS HVPSAEVS - Gens Aemilia & Plautia
Obv.:M. SCAVR AED CVR - EX S C - REX ARETAS Nabatean king Aretas kneeling before camel, holding olive branch
Rev.: P HVPSAE AED CVR - CAPTV - C HVPSAE COS PREIVE, Jupiter in quadriga left holding thunderbolt and reins; scorpion to left.
Gs. 4,1 mm. 16,65x17,40
Cr422/1b, Sear RCV 379

1 commentsMaxentius
13025q00.jpg
47 viewsBronze antoninianus, RIC 608, aVF, 2.177g, 22.2mm, 180o, Antioch mint, 267 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, globe in right, scepter in left, PXV in exareich
DenCnDomizio.jpg
29 viewsDenarius - 116/115 BC. Rome mint (or in Italy)
CNAEVS DOMITIVS - Gens Domitia (Curtia)
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right with curl on left shoulder, ROMA before, X behind
Rev.: Jupiter in quadriga right with thunderbolt & branch, CN DOMI in ex.
Gs. 3,9 mm. 19,02x19,30
Crawf. 285/1, Sear RCV 161, Grueber II 490 (Italy)

Maxentius
coin128.jpg
34 viewsCyzicus RIC 18a Constantius I Chlorus AE Post-
Reform Radiate. 294-299 AD. FL VAL CONSTA
NTIVS NOB CAES, radiate cuirassed bust right /
CONCORDIA MILITVM, Constantius standing
right receiving globe from Jupiter standing opposite
and holding a scepte, KB between. Coin #128
cars100
coin163.jpg
39 viewsRIC 1064, C 248 Sestertius Obv: MANTONINVSA
VGTRPXXVII - Laureate head right. Rev: IMPVIC
OSIII Exe: SC - Jupiter seated left, holding Victory
and scepter. 172-173 (Rome). Coin #163
cars100
d_058.JPG
65 viewsC 284C Diocletian Follis. Exe: HT | (delta) Heraclea, AD 293. IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right / CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian. HB between them. Mintmark dot XXI dot. _sold

http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/ric/diocletian/RIC_0284C.3.jpg
Antonivs Protti
Nero_Den_RIC_60_reimaged.jpg
6 Nero27 viewsNERO
AR Denarius (19mm, 3.43 g, 6h)
Rome mint. Struck ~65-66 AD

O: Laureate head right

R: Salus seated left on throne, holding patera.

RIC I 60; RSC 314. aVF

Ex-CNG Sale 35, Lot 737, 9/20/95

In AD 65-66 two new types appear on the coins of Nero, Jupiter Custos- “Guardian”, and Salus- “Well-Being” (of the emperor). Nero gave thanks for surviving the Pisonian Conspiracy, which got its name from G. Calpurnius Piso, a senator put forward as an alternative emperor by senior military officers and government officials who feared the increasingly erratic Nero. The plot was discovered, many prominent Romans were executed, and others, such as the philosopher Seneca, were forced to commit suicide. This delayed the emperor’s fate for a few years.

RI0043
1 commentsSosius
auuk.jpg
Aurelian, 270-275 CE.19 viewsAurelian Bronze Antoninianus
Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: IOVI CONSER, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter who is standing left and holding sceptre.
22.3 mm., 3.2 g.
NORMAN K
licinius9a.jpg
Licinius I, AE follis. RIC 9a Cyzicus. 32 viewsSilvered Follis
Obverse: IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate, draped, wearing royal mantle, bust left, holding globe, sceptre and map.
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and sceptre.
Wreath in left field, A in right field.
Mintmark dot SMK., 18.3 mm., 2.7 g.

RIC VII Cyzicus 9a
NORMAN K
licnl1s.jpg
Licinius I, RIC VII 008,a Siscia, 313-315 CE33 viewsLicinius AE Follis
Obverse: IMP LIC LICINVS AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: IOVI CON_SERVATORI, Jupiter standing left with Victory & scepter, eagle at foot with wreath in its beak, A to right.
Sis in ex. Siscia mint. 20.7 mm, 3.1 g.
NORMAN K
RI_064jg_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 45442 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP I - I, laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI VICT, Jupiter seated left, Victory in right hand, scepter in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 195
References:– BMCRE W431 note. RIC 454 (citing Cohen, rated Scarce). RSC 247 (Citing Copenhagen).

The Copenhagen coin would appear to be the source of all these references.
maridvnvm
Diocletian_RIC_106_Cyzicus_hwflip.jpg
1 Diocletian42 viewsDiocletian
AE Antoninianus. Cyzicus mint.
IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate and draped bust right / CONCORDIA MI-LITVM dot , Emperor standing right with parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter holding sceptre, officina letter in lower centre, mintmark XXI dot.
Cohen 33. RIC 106 Cyzicus
1 commentsSosius
Diocletian12.jpg
1 Diocletian Pre-Reform Radiate39 viewsDiocletian
AE Antoninianus, 293-295, Antioch, Officina 9
IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA MIL_ITVM, Emperor standing right, short scepter in left hand, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, scepter in left, ED in lower middle field, XXI in exergue
RIC V, Part II, 322
Ex Max Mehl Coins
Ex Andreas Reich

Thanks to FORVM members stinats and Genio Popvli Romani for helping to attribute this coin!
Sosius
Gordian_III_2.jpg
1 Gordian III25 viewsGordian III
Ant 4.4g, Rome Mint
238-239 AD

O: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG. Radiate and draped bust right.

R: IOVI CONSERVATORI. Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter, small figure of Gordian at feet.

RIC IV-3 2
Sosius
Gordian_III_Ant_1.jpg
1 Gordian III16 viewsGordian III
AR Antonianus, Rome Mint
238-239 AD

O: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

R: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing front, with head left, thunderbolt in right hand, over Emperor standing left

RIC IV-3 2; Sear (5) 8614
1 commentsSosius
Gordian_III_RSC_105.jpg
1 Gordian III10 viewsGordian III
AR Antonianus, Rome Mint
238-239 AD

O: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

R: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing front, with head left, thunderbolt in right hand, over Emperor standing left

RIC IV-3 2; Sear (5) 8614
Sosius
Commodus_Sest_RIC_291.jpg
20 Commodus23 viewsCOMMODUS
Æ Sestertius. 179-180 A.D.
L AVREL COMMODVS AVG TR P V, laureate draped bust right / IOVI VICTORI IMP III COS II P P S-C, Jupiter seated left, holding Victory & scepter
Sear 5760, RIC 291, Cohen 263-265, BMC 1719-1723
RI0084
Sosius
rjb_car245_02_07.jpg
244cf42 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARA...........VG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "IOVI CON............"
Jupiter standing left, head right, holding sceptre and thunderbolt
Camulodunum mint
-/-//C
RIC - (cf 244-5)
mauseus
rjb_2011_11_11.jpg
245bis39 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG"
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "IOVI CONSERV"
Emperor standing left receiving globe from Jupiter
Camulodunum mint
-/-//SPC
RIC -
1 commentsmauseus
Constantius_I_RIC_Cyzicus_19a.jpg
3 Constantius I22 viewsCONSTANTIUS I
AE light fraction, 295-299 AD

FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, RDC bust r, / CONCORDIA MI-LITVM, Emperor receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, KB between, no mintmark

RIC VI Cyzicus 19A Scarce
Sosius
Probus_RIC_Antioch_922.jpg
6 Probus24 viewsPROBUS
Antoninianus, Antioch
IMP CM AVR PROBVS PF AVG, RDC bust r. / CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter, standing left holding sceptre, A below, XXI in ex.
RIC V-2 Antioch 922; Sear 11961
Ex Artifact Man Ancient Coins
Sosius
rjb_2011_08_09.jpg
72cf16 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
IOVI CONSERVAT
Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt and vertical sceptre
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf72ff)
mauseus
Licinius_RIC_Heraclea_73.jpg
8 Licinius24 viewsLICINIUS
AE Follis. Jan-Feb 313 A.D.

IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, Laureate head right / IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing, holding Victory on globe & sceptre; eagle with wreath at feet. Gamma r. SMHT in ex.

RIC VI Heraclea 73
Sosius
Licinius_RIC_Heraclea_52.jpg
8 Licinius30 viewsLICINIUS I
AE Follis, Heraclea Mint, 321-324

IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust r. / IOVI CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter standing l., holding Victory on globe and eagle-tipped scepter, eagle with wreath left, captive right, X over II Mu in r. field, SMHB in ex.

RIC VII Heraclea 52, R1, VF, encrustations (cleanable)
Sosius
Licinius_RIC_Heraclea_13_-r5.jpg
8 Licinius29 viewsLICINIUS I
AE Follis, Heraclea Mint, 315-316

IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG, Laureate bust r. / IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVG, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter, eagle with wreath left, HTB in ex.

RIC VII Heraclea 13, aVF, patina stripped. R5.
Sosius
Licinius_Unid_2.jpg
8 Licinius46 viewsLICINIUS I
AE Follis, Nicomedia, 313-317 AD

IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG, Laureate bust r. / IOVI CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and sceptre, eagle with wreath to left, A in r. field, SMN in ex.

RIC VII Nicomedia 13, VF/EF, silvered. R1.
Sosius
Licinius_RIC_Siscia_232a.jpg
8 Licinius24 viewsLICINIUS I
AE Follis, Siscia, 313 A.D.

IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG, Laureate bust r. / IOVI CON-SERVA-TORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing facing with head leftholding Victory on globe and scepter, eagle with wreath l., gamma in left field, SIS below.

RIC VI Siscia 232a
Sosius
Licinius_RIC_Siscia_232a_no_2.jpg
8 Licinius39 viewsLICINIUS I
AE Follis, Siscia, 313 AD

IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG, Laureate bust r. / IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter facing with head left holding Victory on globe and sceptre, eagle with wreath left, epsilon in r. filed, SIS in ex.

RIC VI Siscia 232a. aVF/F
Sosius
Licinius_Unid_1.jpg
8 Licinius18 viewsLICINIUS I
Silvered Follis, Cyzicus, 317-320

IMP LICI-NIVS AVG, Laureate, draped bust l., sceptre in left hand, mappa in right hand / IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter stading left, holding Victory on globe and scepter, wreath in l. field, gamma in r. field, SMK in ex.

RIC VII Cyzicus 9, VF, silvering, scarce.
Sosius
Licinius_II_RIC_Cyzicus_.jpg
8.5 Licinius II31 viewsLICINIUS II
AE Follis, Cyzicus Mint, 317-320 AD

DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped bust l., holding sceptre in left hand, mappa in right hand / IOVI CONSER-VATORI CAESS, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and sceptre, wreath in l. field, B in r. field, SMK in ex.

RIC VII Cyzicus 11, VF. R3.
1 commentsSosius
815.jpg
81539 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Antoninianus
Obv: "IMP CARAVSIVS AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: "IOVI STATORI"
Jupiter standing right holding sceptre and thunderbolt
Unmarked mint
RIC 815
mauseus
consita.jpg
Constantine I, AE3, RIC VII 8 Cyzicus15 viewsConstantine I, AE3, 317-320, Cyzicus, Officina 2
Obverse: IMP CONSTA_NTINVS AVG, Laureate, draped bust left, globe and scepter in left hand, map in right
Reverse: IOVI CONS_ERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing facing, head left, chlamys across left shoulder, Victory on globe in right hand, scepter in left
Wreath | S across fields
SMK in exergue
18.3mm, 3.5g
NORMAN K
diocletian13.jpg
Diocletian RIC 13b, Heraclea, 300-301 CE.23 viewsDiocletian AE 20 post reform radiate
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONCORDIA MILI-TVM, Diocletian standing right in military dress, holding parazonium, receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter who is leaning on sceptre. HB in lower center.
23.2 mm., 4.0 g
NORMAN K
gm16b.jpg
Galerius Maximian RIC 16b, Heraclea9 viewsGalerius, AE radiate fraction, Heraclea, 295-296 CE.
Obverse: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Reverse: CONCORDIA MIL ITVM, Emperor, standing right, receiving victory on globe from Jupiter who is standing left, holding scepter. H gamma in lower center
Heracles mint 21 mm., 2.3 g.
NORMAN K
22807_Gallienus_antoninianus,_RIC_V_214,_VF,_Rome.jpg
IOVI PROPVGNAT, Jupiter standing facing, RIC V 214 Rome39 viewsGallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 214, VF, Rome mint, 2.304g, 19.5mm, 180o, 260 - 268 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; reverse IOVI PROPVGNAT, Jupiter standing facing, head right, thunderbolt in right, XI left. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
1390_L_Senticius.jpg
L. Sentius C.f. - AR denarius7 views²96 BC
¹101 BC
Rome
head of Roma right wearing winged helmet
(AR)G·PVB
Jupiter in quadriga right, holding scepter, thunderbolt and reins
D
L·SENTI·C·F
¹Crawford 325/1b, SRCV I203, Sydenham 600, RSC I Sentia 1
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
4,00g
ex Gorny & Mosch

Moneyer held praetorship in 93-89 BC.
Johny SYSEL
1__licinius_I_.jpg
Licinius I 308-324 AD50 viewsAE Follis
Mint: Alexandria, Date- 321-324 AD
Obv: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,chlamys across left shoulder, holding Victory on a globe in right hand & leaning on scepter with eagle, at left on ground an eagle with wreath in beak, to rightcaptive.
In right field: XII gamma = 12 1/2 denarii communes
Exergue: SMALA
Size: 3.5 gms;19 mm.
Ref:RIC VII, 28
3 commentsbrian l
lic171.jpg
Licinius I AE Follis, RIC 13 Nicomedia, 313-317 CE20 views
Obverse: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, holding Victory on globe and eagle-tipped sceptre; eagle with wreath at foot left.
Officina letter B in right field.
Mintmark SMNT. Nicomedia 23.2 mm., 2.8 g.
NORMAN K
DSC00228.JPG
Pompeii Temple of Jupiter Steps122 viewsSteps leading up to the temple of JupiterTitus Pullo
rjb_2009_09_06.jpg
Time of Maximinus II10 viewsAnonymous
Antioch mint
IOVI CONSERVATORI
Jupiter seated left
VICTORIA AVGG
Victory walking left holding wreath
-/E//SMA
van Heesch 2
mauseus
00054x00.jpg
36 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 2.90 g, 6h)
Jupiter standing facing, holding thunderbolt and scepter; to left, eagle standing left
SOD
Rostovtsev -

The sodales were composed of individuals either too young or too old to be active members of the iuvenes.
Ardatirion
quadrans.jpg
107 viewsROME. temp. Hadrian-Antoninus Pius. Circa AD 120-161
Æ Quadrans (16mm, 2.94 g, 7h)
Rome mint
Petasus
Winged caduceus; S C flanking
Weigel 18; RIC II 32; Cohen 36

Weigel reconsiders the anonymous quadrantes as a cohesive group. The seriesportrays a pantheon of eleven deities: Jupiter, Minerva, Roma, Neptune, Tiber, Mars, Venus, Apollo, Mercury, Bacchus/Liber, and Hercules. Types are primarily a portrait of the god, with an attribute on the reverse and are usually influenced by (but not directly copied from) earlier designs, primarily from the Republic. He updates the series to the reigns of Hadrian and Antoninus.
5 commentsArdatirion
00022x00.jpg
55 viewsROME. temp. Domitian-Antoninus Pius. Circa AD 81-160
Æ Quadrans (16mm, 3.99 g, 12 h)
Rome mint
Griffin seated left, paw on wheel
Tripod; S C flanking
Weigel 15; RIC II 28; Cohen 38

Weigel reconsiders the anonymous quadrantes as a cohesive group. The seriesportrays a pantheon of eleven deities: Jupiter, Minerva, Roma, Neptune, Tiber, Mars, Venus, Apollo, Mercury, Bacchus/Liber, and Hercules. Types are primarily a portrait of the god, with an attribute on the reverse and are usually influenced by (but not directly copied from) earlier designs, primarily from the Republic. He updates the series to the reigns of Hadrian and Antoninus.
Ardatirion
marcus_aurel_sest_jupiter_victory__b.jpg
(0161) MARCUS AURELIUS13 views161 – 180 AD
Orichalcum sestertius 29 mm, 21.26 g
Struck 172 – 173 AD
O: M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXVII Laureate head right
R: IMP [VI] CO[S III SC] Jupiter seated left, holding victory in right hand and scepter in left hand
d.s.
Rome; RIC III 1064
laney
M_AURELIUS_07_06.jpg
(0161) MARCUS AURELIUS27 views161-180
AE DUPONDIUS 25 mm 9.57 g
O: RAD. HEAD R
R: JUPITER SEATED L, HOLDING VICTORY & SCEPTER
SC IN EXE.
laney
marcua_aure_jupiter_res.jpg
(0161) MARCUS AURELIUS17 views161 - 180 AD
AE Dupondius 25 mm 9.57 g
O: radiate head right
R: Jupiter seated left holding victory and sceptre, SC in exe.
laney
helio_jup_temple_res.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS34 views193 - 211 AD
AE 24 mm; 9.36 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus Heliopolitanus, viewed in perspective from above; numerous columns and flight of steps in front
Syria, Heliopolis; cf. SNG Cop 429; SNG München 1031
laney
gallienus_iovi_070210.jpg
(0253) GALLIENUS50 views253 - 260 AD (joint reign) 260 - 268 AD (sole reign)
struck 255-256, during Joint Reign with Valerian
AR Antoninianus, 22 mm 3.45 g
O: IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
R: IOVI CON_SERVA_TORI, Gallienus standing facing, head right, vertical spear in right hand, receiving globe with left from Jupiter standing facing, head left, vertical scepter in left hand, globe in right
Wreath in upper center field
Samosata mint
RIC V, Part I, 440; Göbl 1697b
laney
gallienus_propug_res.jpg
(0253) GALLIENUS25 views253 - 268 AD
struck 260 - 268 AD
AE antoninianus 21 mm max. 1.98 g
O: [GALLIE]NVS AVG, radiate head right
R: [IOVI P]ROPVGNAT, Jupiter standing facing, nude but for cloak over shoulder, head right, brandishing thunderbolt in right, XI left
RIC V 214, ROME
laney
cl_goth_iovi_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS19 views268 - 270 AD
AE 21 mm 3.30 g
O: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI Jupiter standing left holding spear and thunderbolt, eagle at feet left
(Third--final--Emission. A few (4) are recorded by Gyssen in CENB 1999: Not in RIC)
Cyzicus mint.
laney
aurelian_iovi_res.jpg
(0270) AURELIAN18 views270 - 275 AD
AE 22X26 mm 2.94 g
O: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG radiate cuirassed bust right
R: IOVI CONSER emperor standing right with scepter receiving globe from Jupiter; S in exe
Siscia mint
laney
aurelian_conserv_jup_res.jpg
(0270) AURELIAN16 views270 - 275 AD
AE 21 mm, 3.07 g
O: IMIP AVRELIANVS AVT radiate bust right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter on right presenting globe to Aurelian, P in exe.
Siscia mint; RIC 227c
laney
aurelian_iovi_con_res.jpg
(0270) AURELIAN32 views270-275 A.D.
AE 23 mm; 3.0 g
Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG Radiate cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: IOVI CONSER Aurelian standing right, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding scepter; star Q in exe
Siscia mint; RIC V 225
laney
TACITUS.jpg
(0275) TACITUS31 views275 - 276 AD
AE SILVERED ANT. 23 mm 4.00 g
O: IMP C M C L TACITVS AVG
RAD DR CUIR BUST R
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP
TACITUS L HOLDING SCIPIO RECRIVING GLOBE FROM JUPITER WHO HOLDS LONG SCEPTER, * IN CENTER FIELD
KA IN EXE
TRIPOLIS RIC 213
(nearly full silvering)
laney
probus_clementia_delta_1.jpg
(0276) PROBUS39 views276 - 282 AD
AE Ant. 20.5 mm 3.85 g
O: IMP C M AVR PROBVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre; Delta in field between; XXI in exe.
Antioch RIC V-2 922.
laney
probus_clementia_z_070210.jpg
(0276) PROBUS32 viewsAD 276-282
AE Ant. 22 mm max. 4.76 g
O: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG - radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP - emperor standing right with scepter, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter, Z between, XXI in exergue.
RIC V, Part II, 922
Antioch
laney
probus_clementia_temp_a_0702.jpg
(0276) PROBUS34 views276 - 282 AD
AE Ant. 20.5 mm 4.01 g
O: IMP C M AVR PROBVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding eagle-tipped sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre; A in lower center; XXI in ex.
Antioch RIC V Part II 922.
(j.Ryan)
laney
probus_b.jpg
(0276) PROBUS25 views276 - 282 AD
AE Antoninianus 20.5 mm, 3.56 g
O: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left holding scepter, S in center, XXI in ex
Antioch mint, RIC V 922
laney
probus_cresc_wht_res.jpg
(0276) PROBUS25 views276 - 282 AD
AE Antoninianus 21 mm, 4.22 g
O: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right receiving globe from jupiter standing left holding scepter, crescent in center
Tripolis mint
laney
probus_clementia_xxi_res.jpg
(0276) PROBUS21 views276 - 282 AD
Silvered Ant. 22X24 mm, 3.84 g Nearly fully silvered
Obv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, holding eagle-tipped scepter
Rev: CLEMENTIA TEMP (pellet)
Emperor standing right, holding scepter, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding scepter
Minted in Tripolis (wreath in top center field, XXI in exe.)
Emission 2 Officina 1. circa A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 927 Bust type C
laney
probus_clementia_resized.jpg
(0276) Probus/Clementia Temp Silvered Ant.40 views276 - 282 AD
Silvered Ant. 22X24 mm, 3.84 g Nearly fully silvered
Obv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, holding eagle-tipped scepter
Rev: CLEMENTIA TEMP (pellet)
Emperor standing right, holding scepter, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding scepter
Minted in Tripolis (wreath in top center field, XXI in exe.)
Emission 2 Officina 1. circa A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 927 Bust type C

laney
CARUS.jpg
(0282) CARUS25 views282 - 283 AD
AE ANT. 21 mm 4.19 g
O: IMP C M AVR CARVS PF AVG
RAD DR CUIR BUST R
R: VIRTVS AVGGG
CARUS R RECEIVING VICTORY FROM JUPITER, STAR/ED BETWEEN
XXI IN EXE
ANTIOCH
laney
NUMERIAN.jpg
(0283) NUMERIAN55 views283 - 284 AD
AE SILVERED ANT. 20 mm 4.41 g
O: IMP C AVR NVMERIANVS PF AVG
RAD DR BUST R
R: VIRTVS AVGG
NUMERIAN STANDING R RECEIVING VICTORY ON GLOBE FROM JUPITER L
XXI IN EXE
ANTIOCH
(much silvering intact)
(J.Ryan)

laney
numerian_clement_res.jpg
(0283) NUMERIAN35 views283 - 284 AD
Billon Antoninianus 20 mm 3.4 g
O: NVMERIANVS NOB CAES radiated, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP Emperor standing right holding scepter and receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter standing left holding spear; A between; XXI in exe
Cyzicus mint; RIC V ii 372 p 190; VM-3 p. 264; c: VB1
(ex-Forum)
laney
diocletian_E.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN67 views284 - 305 AD
AE Ant. 21 mm 3.48 g
Obverse: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter presenting Victory on globe to Diocletian, Epsilon below
XII in exe
Antioch
(J.Ryan)
laney
DIOCLETIAN_CONCORDIA_B.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN57 views284 - 305 AD
(struck 290 AD)
AE Ant. 3.64 g 21 mm
O: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM; Diocletian standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter. B in field between them
XXI dot in ex.
Siscia
RIC-256, C-33
(J.Ryan)

laney
DIOCL_IOVI_CON.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN39 views284 - 305 AD
AE 21.5 mm 3.25 g
Obverse: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter presenting Victory on globe to Diocletian, ED below
XII in exe
laney
diocletian_iov_et_herc_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN36 views284 - 305 AD
Struck 285 AD
AE Antoninianus 22 mm max., 2.88 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG - Jupiter standing right holding sceptre and globe, facing Hercules, standing left, with lionskin and club, and holding victory on globe; crescent over G in lower center, XXI in ex
Antioch mint


laney
dioc_iovi_cons_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN38 views284 - 305 AD
Silvered AD Ant. 20 X 23 mm 3.54 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG radiate draped bust right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG Emperor standing receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter; crescent over Z between; XXI in exe.
Antioch mint
laney
diocletian_concor_2_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN36 views284 - 305 AD
struck 295 - 297 AD (as Caesar)
AE 21 mm 2.2 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG radiate cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILILTVM Jupiter preseinging Victory on globe to emperor; KG between
Cyzicus mint
laney
dioclet_conc_1_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN29 views284 - 305 AD
AE Ant. 21 mm 4.91 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG radiate draped bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM Emperor standing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing lert; B below; XXI in exe.
Cyzicus mint
laney
diocl_concord_hd_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN34 views284 - 305 AD
AE Ant. 21 MM, 2.62 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM Emperor standing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left; HD below
laney
diocletian_conserv_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN30 views (0284) DIOCLETIAN
284 - 305 AD
struck 289-290 AD
AE 21.5 X 24.5 mm, 3.49 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG Emperor and Jupiter standing facing, each holding scepter, sacrificing over tripod;
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dioclet_iov_et_herc_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN30 views284 - 305 AD
AE 22.5 >> 3.88 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIAVS P F AVG radiate bust right
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG Jupiter holding globe and Hercules holding Victory facing each other; crescent over E in field between; XXI pellet in exe
Antioch mint
laney
Diocletian_Iovi_Et_Hercu_Cons_silv_ant.jpg
(0284) Diocletian / Iovi Hercu Conser51 viewsSilvered Ant. 22mm 3.45 g
284 - 305 AD
Obv: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Rad Dr Cuir Bust R
Rev: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG
Jupiter stg R hldg globe and scepter; Hercules stg L hldg Victory, club,& lionskin; crescent over H below
XXI in exe; Antioch RIC V 323
Nearly fully silvered
(J.Ryan)
laney
MAXIMIANUS_B.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS42 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
Struck 286 - 295 AD
AE SILVERED ANT. 22mm 2.66g
O: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
RAD CUIR BUST R
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVG
JUPITER R HOLDING GLOBE & SCEPTER FACING HERCULES HOLDING VICTORY ON GLOBE, CLUB, LIONSKIN CRESCENT/B BETWEEN
XII IN EXE
ANTIOCH
(J.Ryan)
laney
maximianus_10_07.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS31 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
AE 20 mm 2.62 g
O: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed.
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM - Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Maximianus, Gamma between
laney
maximian_concord_e_blk_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS25 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
struck ca 293, during 1st reign; pre-reform, Officina 5
AE 21.5 mm 4.85 g
O: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM Emperor receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, E between; XX pellet in exe.
Cyzicus mint
laney
maximianus_concor_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS30 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
AE 21.5 mm, 2.66 g (pre-reform)
O: IMP C MA MAXIMIANVS PF AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM; Maximian holding scepter and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter who holds scepter
laney
maximian_concordia_g_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS17 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
AE 20 mm; 2.62 g
O: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG radiate cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM Jupiter presenting Victory on a globe to Maximianus; gamma between
laney
maximianus_iovi_B_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS23 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
Silvered AE Ant. 22 mm, 4.74 g
O: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG;radiate cuirassed bust right
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG Jupiter right holding globe and scepter, facing Hercules left, holding Victory on globe, club, and lionskin; crescent over B between; XXI in exe.
Antioch mint
laney
con_chlor_2_blk_b.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS25 views293 - 306 AD
Struck 293-294 AD
AE silvered ant., 22 mm, 3.81 g
O: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C radiate, draped cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM Constantius standing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, "A" (Officina A) between, XXI in exe.
Cyzicus
Sear RCV IV #13982 ref: Hunter iv, p. cxciv. RIC v, ii, p. 302, 672 var ( C for CAES).
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galerius_concordia_070210.jpg
(0293) GALERIUS44 viewsGalerius as Caesar (293 - 305 AD; AVG 305 - 311 AD)
Struck ca 296 AD
AE 20 mm 3.18 g, Post-reform Radiate
O: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM, the prince standing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, star over Gamma between
ANT in ex. Antioch
laney
galerius_res.jpg
(0293) GALERIUS (as Caesar)19 views293 - 305 AD (as Caesar)
305 - 311 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18 X 20 mm 2.18 g
O: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor receiving Victory from Jupiter
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licinius_tan.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS35 views308 - 324 AD
Æ follis 18 X 20 mm, 2.61 g
O: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG; radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
R: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG; Jupiter standing left, with chlamys, holding eagle-tipped sceptre and Victory on globe; at his feet to left, eagle with wreath in beak left; to right, captive seated right, head reverted; X/IIG in right field; SMALB in exergue.
Alexandria mint RIC VII 28

laney
licin_iovi_w.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS26 views308 - 324 AD
Struck 317 - 320 AD
AE 17.5 mm, 3.38 g
O: IMP LICI_NIVS AVG, Laureate bust left in imperial mantle, mappa in right hand, globe and scepter in left
R: IOVI CONS_ERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing facing, head left, naked but for chlamys across left shoulder, Victory on globe in right hand, scepter in left, bound captive before, S in right field; SMANT in exergue
Antioch mint RIC VII, 27 (R1)
laney
licin_iovi_res.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS21 views308 - 324 AD
AE Follis 20 mm; 3.39 g
O: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right
R: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and scepter, eagle with wreath in beak left, D in right field; SMK in exe
Cyzicus mint
laney
LICINIUS_I_IOVI_L_GAMMA.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I31 views308 - 324 AD
Silvered AE 19 mm 3.25 g
O: IMP LICINIVS AVG, laur bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding scepter and globe in left hand, mappa in right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe, wreath to left, Gamma to right
SMK in exe
Cyzicus
laney
LICINIUS_IOVI_SINGLE_CAPT_L.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I21 views308 - 324 AD
AE 17.5 mm 2.91 g
O: IMP LICINIVS AVG, laur head left holding mappa and scepter on globe
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, S in right field, Jupiter standing left holding scepter and Victory on globe, captive to left
Antioch
laney
licinius_iovi_06_30_10.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I45 views308 - 324 AD
AE 21.5 mm 3.48 g
O: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding scepter and Victory on globe, eagle with wreath in beak and bound captive at his feet, X/ IIGamma in right field
SMANTB in exe
Antioch, RIC 35 Rare.

laney
licinius_iovi_0702.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I50 views308 - 324 AD
AE 19 mm 2.94 g
O: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding scepter and Victory on globe, eagle with wreath in beak and bound captive at his feet, X/ IIGamma in right field
struck 321 - 324 AD
SMALA in exe
Alexandria
1 commentslaney
LICINIUS_I_IOVI.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I26 views308 - 324 AD
(struck ca. 313 AD)
AE 22 mm 2.85 g
O: IIMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG
LAUR HEAD R
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, DELTA IN R FIELD
JUPITER STANDING L HOLDING SCEPTER & VICTORY ON GLOBE, EAGLE HOLDING WREATH AT FEET
SMHT IN EXE
HERACLEA
(4TH OFFICINA)
RIC VII (R3)
laney
LICINIUS_I_IOVI_CAP_EAG_VIC_.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I31 views308 - 324 AD
AE 20.5 mm 2.85 g
O: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG, rad dr cuir bust right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe, seated captive at feet on right, eagle with wreath at left, X/IIGdamma in right field,
SMNA in exe
Nicomedia
RIC VII 44
laney
LICINIUS_IOVI_WREATH_B.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I28 views308 - 324 AD
AE 24 mm 3.5 g
O: IMP C VAL LIC LICINIVS PF AVG, laur head right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI, B in right field, Jupiter standing left holding globe and scepter, wreath at feet
SM Dot TS Dot in exe
Thessalonica
laney
licinius_flying_eagle.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I18 views308 - 324 AD
AE 17.5 mm 3.2 g
O: IMP LICINIVS AVG, laur bust left
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG, Jupiter atop eagle with spread wings, standing right
laney
LICINIUS_EAGLE_CAPTIVE_2.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I22 views308 - 324 AD
AE 19.5 mm 3.43 g
O: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG, rad dr cuir bust right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe, seated captive on right, eagle with wreath on left, X/IIGamma in right field
SMHK in exe
Heraclea RIC VII 52
laney
licinius_iovi_cap.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I23 views308 - 324 AD
AE 18.5 mm 3.00 g Struck 317-320, Officina 8
O: IMP LICI_NIVS AVG Laureate bust left in imperial mantle, mappa in right hand, globe and scepter in left
R: IOVI CONS_ERVATORI AVGG Jupiter standing facing, head left, naked but for chlamys across left shoulder, Victory on globe in right hand, scepter in left, bound captive before, H in right field SMANT in exergue,
Antioch RIC VII, 27
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licin_iovi_10_03_10.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I22 views308 - 324 AD
AE 17.5 mm 2.91 g
O: IMP LICINIVS AVG, laur dr bust left, globe and scepter in left hand and mapp in right hand
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe; wreath in left field, "E" to right
SMK IN EXE CYZICUS
RIC VII 9e Rare (R3)
laney
licinius_iovi.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I22 views308 - 324 AD
Struck ca. 312 AD
AE Follis, 24 mm, 4.61 g
O: IMP C VAL LIC LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate head right
R: IOVI CONSE-RVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding globe and sceptre. Left field: wreath. Right field: Officina letter D. SMTS in exe.,
Thessalonica, RIC VI 49
laney
LICINIUS_IOVI_RES.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I19 views308 - 324 AD
Struck 313 - 315
AE 22.5 mm 3.09 g
O: IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate head right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left with victory & scepter, eagle at foot with wreath in its beak, A to right, SIS in exergue
SISCIA MINT RIC VII Siscia 8

laney
licinius_i_iovi_res.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I26 views308-324 AD
Æ reduced follis 20 mm 2.87 g
O: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI - Jupiter standing left, holding scepter and Victory on globe;eagle to left and captive to right. / X / IIG in right field, SMHB in exe.
Heraclea RIC VII 52


laney
licinius_iovi_captive.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I14 views308 - 324 AD
AE 18.5 mm; 2.84 g
O: IMP LICINIVS AVG Laureate, draped bust left, globe, scepter in left hand, mappa in right.
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG Jupiter standing left, holding Victory and scepter, captive with hands tied at feet, E in r. field.
Antioch mint
laney
max_ii_iovi_res.jpg
(0309) MAXIMINUS II DAIA25 viewsCaesar 305-308; Filius Augustorum 308-309; Augustus 309-313
struck 313 AD
AE 12 X 24 mm 3.21 g
O: IMP MAXIMINVS P F AVG laureate cuirassed bust right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI; Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe, eagle to left; A to right; SIS in exe
Siscia mint
laney
CONSTANTINE_II_B.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)55 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
STRUCK 321 - 324
AE 20 mm 2.64 g
O: DN FL CL CONSTANTINVS NOB C; LAUR DR CUIR BUST R
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI; JUPITER STANDING L HOLDING VICTORY ON GLOBE AND EAGLE-TIPPED SCEPTER, EAGLE WITH WREATH AT FEET ON L, CAPTIVE ON R; X/IIG (DOT IN R FIELD?); SMHA IN EXE
HERACLEA RIC 55, R1
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crispus_0702.jpg
(0317) CRISPUS35 views317 - 326 AD
AE 18 mm 3.84 g
O: DN FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, Jupiter standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, holding Victory on globe & leaning on scepter; pellet over Gamma in right field, palm branch in left field
SMN in exe. Nicomedia
RIC VII 32 (R2)
laney
LICINIUS_II_JUPITER.jpg
(0317) LICINIUS II46 views317 - 320 AD
AE 18 mm 2.60 g
O: D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe & scepter, branch left, dot over B right
SMN in ex.
Nicomedia RIC 34 (R2)
1 commentslaney
licinius_ii_iovi_res.jpg
(0317) LICINIUS II32 views317-320 AD
AE 20.5 mm 3.25 g
O: D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C around laureate, draped bust of Licinius II l., holding mappa, globe &sceptre;
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS around; Jupiter standing l. holding Victory in right hand and sceptre in left; wreath to l., A to right, SMK in exe.
Cyzicus RIC VII 11

laney
licinius_ii_iovi_con_res.jpg
(0317) LICINIUS II31 views317 - 324 AD (Caesar)
AE 19 mm 3.11 g
O: D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C cuirassed helmeted bust left, with shield, spear over shoulder
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and scepter with eagle at top; eagle to left, captive to right. X/IIG in right field; SMHG in exe
Heraclea mint
laney
licin_ii_prov_res.jpg
(0317) LICINIUS II38 views317 - 324 AD (Caesar)
AE 19.1 mm 2.78 g
O D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Jupiter standing left, scepter in left, Victory on globe presenting wreath in right, palm frond left, pellet over Δ right, SMN in ex;
Nicomedia mint; RIC VII 34; scarce
(ex-Forum)
laney
licinius_ii_iovi.jpg
(0317) LICINIUS II as Caesar10 views317 - 324 AD
AE 18 mm, 2.31 g
O: D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, diademed bust left with mappa & scepter
R: IOVI CONS ERVATORI CAESS Jupiter standing, head left, holdimg Victory on globe, captive at feet, D to right, SMANT in ex.
Antioch mint
laney
Licinius_II.jpg
*SOLD*43 viewsLicinius II AE

Attribution: RIC VII 30, Alexandria
Date: AD 321-324
Obverse: DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, helmeted and cuirassed bust r., holding shield,
spear over shoulder
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter stg. l.; chlamys over l. shoulder, Victory in r. hand, staff in l., eagle w/ wreath in beak at feet, bound captive behind, X w/ 12 ½ denarii communes mark below, SMALA in exergue
Size: 18 mm
1 commentsNoah
Carus_1.jpg
*SOLD*14 viewsCarus AE Antoninianus

Attribution: RIC 38, Cohen 37
Date: AD 282-283
Obverse: IMP C M AVR CARVS P F AVG, radiate cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter stg. l. holding victory & scepter, eagle at feet,
BKA? in exergue.
Size: 21.8 mm
Noah
commodus777.jpg
*SOLD*18 viewsCommodus AE Sestertius

Attribution: RIC 525, scarce
Date: AD 188-189
Obverse: M COMMODVS ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT, laureate head r.
Reverse: IOVI IVVENI P M TR P XIIII IMP VIII COS V P P, Jupiter standing facing l., holding thunderbolt and scepter, eagle at feet, S-C across fields
Noah
Licinius.jpg
*SOLD*18 viewsLicinius I Bronze follis

Attribution: RIC VI 60, Thessalonica
Date: AD 312-313
Obverse: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing half l., nude, Victory on globe in r., long scepter vertical in l., eagle with wreath in beak l., •TS•• in exergue
Size: 24.3 mm
Weight: 4.42 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
Commodus.jpg
001 - Commodus (177-192 AD), Sestertius -57 viewsObv: M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG, laurate bust right.
Rev: [TR P VII IM]P IIII COS III [P P], S-C, Jupiter seated left, holding Victory and scepter.
Minted in Rome 181 AD.

BMC 745, Cohen 815 (Thanks to Curtis Clay for the references)
1 commentspierre_p77
Licinfol.jpg
001 - Licinius I (308-324 AD), Follis - RIC 6078 viewsObv: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing left, chlamys over shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe. Eagle with wreath in beak below left.
Minted in Thessalonica (.TS.A. in exe), officina 1, 312-313 AD.
3 commentspierre_p77
Didrachm-Syd-64.jpg
001. Didrachm.16 viewsDidrachm, ca 225-212 BC, Rome mint.
Obverse: Janiform heads.
Reverse: ROMA / Jupiter in quadriga, holding spear and hurling thunderbolt.
Victory behind him.
6.70 gm., 24 mm.
Syd. #64; Sear #31.
Callimachus
206Hadrian__Starck445b.jpg
0012 Cyrenaica and Crete, Cyrenaica Hadrian 125-28 AD Jupiter Ammon 28 viewsReference.
RPC III, 012; RIC -; C 278; BMC -; Strack 445b; Sydenham 289; Lindgren 947

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS.
Laureate head right.

Rev. COS III
horned head of Jupiter Ammon, right

2.66 gr
17 mm
6h
okidoki
0024.jpg
0024 - Denarius Volteia 78 BC32 viewsObv/Laureate head of Jupiter r.
Rev/Capitoline temple, tetrastyle; M VOLTEI M F in ex.

Ag, 18.9mm, 3.94g
Moneyer: M. Volteius M.f.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 385/1 [dies o/r: 70/78] - Syd. 774 - RCV 312 - RSC Volteia 1 - Cohen Volteia 1
ex-Sayles & Lavender
dafnis
847_P_Hadrian_RIC4.jpg
004 ANONYMOUS. Period of Domitian to Antoninus Pius, Quadrans Circa 81-161 AD Eagle17 viewsReference
RIC II, 4. C. VIII, 269, 16. Mazzini V, pl. LXXVIII, 16

Obv.
Draped and bearded bust of Jupiter right

Rev. S-C
Eagle with spread wings standing r., head turned l.

2.23 gr
15 mm
6h
okidoki
Gordian1.jpg
005 - Gordian III (338-344 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 245 viewsObv: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt over Gordian who stands left at his feet and sceptre in left hand.
Minted in Rome 238 AD.
pierre_p77
0061.jpg
0061 - Denarius Petilia 43 BC32 viewsObv/ Eagle on thunderbolt r.; above, PETILLIVS; below, CAPITOLINVS.
Rev/ Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus; roof is decorated with armed figure at each side and cuadriga at apex; within pediment, uncertain figure; between central four columns, hanging decorations; on l., S; on r., F.

Ag, 18.0 mm, 3.85 g
Moneyer: Petilllius Capitolinus
Mint: Rome.
RRC 487/2b [dies o/r: 85/74 (all var.] - BMCRR Rome 4222
ex-Spink, auction march 2008, lot 994 (ex-Glendining, auction april 1980, lot 159)
1 commentsdafnis
0065~0.jpg
0065 - Denarius Septimius Severus 201-10 AC39 viewsObv/SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of Septimius r.
Rev/IOVI SOSPITATORI, distyle temple in which is Jupiter standing front, holding patera and sceptre.

Ag, 19.0mm, 3.39g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IVa/271 [R2] - BMCRE 341 - RCV 6292 - RSC 245
ex-Jean Elsen et Fils, auction 95, lot 346 (colln. A.Senden)
1 commentsdafnis
0066~0.jpg
0066 - Denarius Septimius Severus 210 AC12 viewsObv/SEVERVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head of Septimius r.
Rev/PM TR P XVIII COS III PP, Jupiter standing l., holding thunderbolt and sceptre; two children standing by him, l. and r.

Ag, 19.9mm, 2.77g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IVa/240 [C] - RSC 540.
ex-Helios Numismatik, auction 1, lot 305 (ex-colln. F.Kovacs, lot 1833)
dafnis
0083.jpg
0083 - Denarius Vargunteia 130 BC42 viewsObv/Helmeted head of Roma r., behind M VARG, before crossed X.
Rev/Jupiter in slow quadriga r., ROMA in ex.

Ag, 20.5mm, 3.90g
Moneyer: M. Vargunteius.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 257/1 [dies o/r: 107/134] - Syd. 507 - RCV 133
ex-Madrid Coin Market
1 commentsdafnis
0010-015.jpg
0083 - Republic, Didrachm (Quadrigatus)53 viewsRome or other italian mint, c 215-211 BC
Laureate janiform head of Dioscuri
ROMA in relief in linear frame at exergue, Jupiter, holding thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left, in fast quadriga driven right by Victory.
6,69 gr - 20-21 mm
Ref : RCV #33, RSC # 24
3 commentsPotator II
0087.jpg
0087 - Denarius Aemilia/Plautia 58 BC44 viewsObv/ M SCAVR / AED CVR Kneeling figure r., holding olive branch and reins of camel standing beside him; on either side, EX – S·C. In exergue, REX ARETAS.
Rev/ P HVPSAE / AED CVR Jupiter in quadriga l. holding reins in l. hand and hurling thunderbolt with r.; behind, CAPTV. Below, C HVPSAE COS / PREIVE.

Ag, 18.6 mm, 3.96 g
Moneyers: M. Aemilius Scaurus, P. Plautius Hypsaeus
Mint: Rome.
RRC 422/1b [dies o/r: 336/373] - Bab. Aemilia , Plautia 10 - Syd. 912
ex-CNG Coins, auction e-248, lot 350
dafnis
01-Diocletian-Cyz-306.jpg
01 Diocletian: Cyzicus antoninianus.39 viewsAntoninianus; 284 - 295 AD, Cyzicus mint.
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG / Radiate bust of Diocletian.
Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM / Diocletian standing, holding sceptre, receiving globe (surmounted by Victory) from Jupiter, also standing and holding sceptre. E between them; XXI in exergue.
3.73 gm., 21 mm.
RIC #306; Sear #12635.

Attribution to Cyzicus: The CONCORDIA MILITVM reverse was used extensively by the mints at Siscia, Heraclea, Cyzicus, and Antioch. Siscia had only 3 officina (A B Γ), so that one can be eliminated. Heraclea and Antioch always use P F in the obverse legend (inscription #3), so those two can be eliminated. Pages 210 - 211 of RIC assign to Cyzicus coins with the word MILITVM broken between the I and L.
Callimachus
Prob7.jpg
010 - Probus (276-282 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 90534 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Cyzicus (XXIV in exe), emission 1 officina 5, 276 AD.
Bust type C.
pierre_p77
Numerian1.jpg
011 - Numerian (as Caesar 282-283 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 37838 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR NVMERIANVS NOB C, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS AVGGG, Numerian standing right, recieving Victory from Jupiter, standing left
Minted in Antioch (B in field, * above, XXI in exe), officina 2, 282-283 AD.
pierre_p77
coin362.JPG
012. Domitian28 viewsDomitian Æ Sestertius. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XIIII CENS PER P P, laureate head right / IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter seated left, SC in exergue. RIC 388.

Pre Zapped again from uncleaned lot.

Check
ecoli
Numerian2.jpg
013 - Numerian (283-284 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 46343 viewsObv: IMP C NVMERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Numerian standing right, recieving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Cyzicus (gamma in field, XXI in exe), officina 3, 283-284 AD.
pierre_p77
Probtrip.jpg
014 - Probus (276-282 AD) antoninianus - RIC 92735 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back.
Rev: CLEMENTIA TEMP(dot), Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle,
receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Tripolis (KA in exe, crescent in field), first emission ca 276 AD.
Bust type C.
pierre_p77
0152.jpg
0152 - Denarius Rubria 87 BC45 viewsObv/ Laureate head of Jupiter r., with sceptre over shoulder; behind, DOSSEN.
Rev/ Triumphal quadriga r., side-panel decorated with thunderbolt; (above, Victory with wreath); L RVBRI in ex.

Ag, 16.9 mm, 3.52 g
Moneyer: L. Rubrius Dossenus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 348/1 [dies o/r: 178/208] - Syd. 705 - RSC Rubria 1
ex-VAuctions, auction 267, lot 39
dafnis
Commodus_denar2.jpg
018 - Commodus (177-192), denarius - BM 184, RIC unlisted48 viewsObv: M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P, Jupiter seated left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
Minted in Rome 186 AD

The cuirassed bust are rare on denarii. This particular type are unlisted in both RIC and Cohen, though the obverse legend and reverse type (not legend) are equal to RIC 117, Cohen 486. The only coin I know of with this bust and reverse legend is BM 184. The BM coin and this coin are struck with diferent obverse dies, hence ther must have been at least two pairs of dies striking this type. Thers should be more coins of this type out there, if anyone knows of one I´ll be very happy to hear about it! (Many thanks to mr Curtis Clay for information on this coin).
pierre_p77
0189.jpg
0189 - Denarius Plautia 60 BC50 viewsObv/ Head of Neptune r.; behind, trident; before, P YPSAE SC.
Rev/ Jupiter in quadriga r., holding reins and thunderbolt; below C YPSAE COS PRIV; behind, CEPIT.

Ag, 19.7 mm, 3.88 g
Moneyer: P. Plautius Hypsaeus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 420/1a [dies o/r: 34/38 (all var.)]
ex-NAC, auction 78, lot 674
1 commentsdafnis
Julio_Cesar_Denario.jpg
02 - 01 - Julio Cesar (49 - 44 A.C.)141 viewsAR Denario 18,35 mm de 3,42 gr.

Anv: Emblemas sacerdotales, Simpulum (Copa pequeña con mango), aspergillum/aspersorio (Instrumento para espolvorear o rociar), securix (Hacha sacrificial), apex (gorro/bonete usado por los sacerdotes de Júpiter).
Rev: Elefante pisando un carnix (Instrumento musical galo), CAESAR en exergo.

Acuñada durante los años 49 - 48 A.C.
Ceca: Movil legionaria durante sus campañas probablemente en la Galia, Italia y/o Hispania.

Referencias: Craw. 443/1 - Syd. #1006 - BMCRR #27 - RSC Caesar #49 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #1399

2 commentsmdelvalle
Craw_443_1_Denario_Julius_Caesar.jpg
02 - 01 - Julio Cesar (49 - 44 A.C.)36 viewsAR Denario 18,35 mm de 3,42 gr.

Anv: Emblemas sacerdotales, Simpulum (Copa pequeña con mango), aspergillum/aspersorio (Instrumento para espolvorear o rociar), securix (Hacha sacrificial), apex (gorro/bonete usado por los sacerdotes de Júpiter).
Rev: Elefante pisando un carnix (Instrumento musical galo), CAESAR en exergo.

Acuñada durante los años 49 - 48 A.C.
Ceca: Movil legionaria durante sus campañas probablemente en la Galia, Italia y/o Hispania.

Referencias: Craw. 443/1 - Syd. #1006 - BMCRR #27 - RSC Caesar #49 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #1399
mdelvalle
Craw_459_1_Denario_Q_CAECILIUS_METELLUS_PIUS_SCIPIO.jpg
02-20 - Q. CAECILIUS METELLUS PIUS SCIPIO (47-46 A.C.)26 views Quinto Cecilio Metelo Pio Corneliano Escipión Nasica
AR Denarius 18.2 mm 3.94 gr

Anv: "Q.METEL" sobre la Cabeza laureada de Jupiter viendo a derecha, barba y cabello rizado, "PIVS" debajo.
Rev: "SCIPIO" sobre un elefante avanzando hacia la derecha, "IMP" en exergo.

Escipión fue un comandante pompeyano de las fuerzas anti-Cesáreas. Fruto de esta colaboración fue el matrimonio de Pompeyo con su hija Cornelia (52 a. C.), que se convirtió en su quinta mujer.
Su sede se ubicaba en la capital provincial de Utica, cerca de Cartago, y esta es probablemente la ceca de la acuñación. Derrotado por las fuerzas de César, Escipión se suicidó en el año 46 A.C..

Acuñada durante los años 47 - 46 A.C.
Ceca: Utica - Norte de Africa

Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1379 Pag.262 - Craw RRC #459/1 - Syd CRR #1046 - BMCRR (Africa) #1 - Vagi #77 - RSC Vol.1 Caecilia 47 Pag.21 - Babelon I #47 Pag.278
mdelvalle
Carus_ant.jpg
021 - Carus (282-283 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 12541 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR CARVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS AVGGG, emperor standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from person (Jupiter or maybe Carinus or Numerian) standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Antioch (* S in field, XXI in exe), officina six.
pierre_p77
0010-030np_noir.jpg
0217 - Republic, Victoriatus98 viewsMinted circa 211-206 BC
Head of Jupiter right
Victory and trophy. ROMA at exergue, linked V and B in field
3.11 gr
Ref : RCV #51
1 commentsPotator II
Carinus_ant.jpg
022 - Carinus (283-285 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 32934 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS AVGG, emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter (or Carus), standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Tripolis (* and TR in field, XXI in exe).
pierre_p77
RICa_0874,_RIC_II(1962)_0176(Vesp_),_022_Titus_(69-79_A_D__Caes__79-81_A_D__Aug_),_AR-Den_T-CAESAR-IMP-VESPASIANVS,_IOVIS_CVSTOS,_Rome_76-AD_Q-001_6h_18,5-19,0mm_3,04g-s.jpg
022a Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0874, RIC II(1962) 0176 (Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Roma, IOVIS CVSTOS, Jupiter standing facing, #1156 views022a Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0874, RIC II(1962) 0176 (Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Roma, IOVIS CVSTOS, Jupiter standing facing, #1
avers:- T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS, Laureate head right.
revers:- IOVIS CVSTOS. Jupiter standing facing, sacrificing from patera over lit altar to left and holding scepter.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19,0mm, weight: 3,04g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 76 A.D., ref: RIC 0874, RIC II(1962) 0176 (Vespasian) p-36, RSC 106, BMC 305,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Diocletian_ant1.jpg
024 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform antoninianus - RIC 25641 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. CONCORDIA MILITVM, emperor standing right, holding sceptre and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Siscia (B in field, XXI in exe), second officina, 293-295 AD.
pierre_p77
Diocletian_ant5.jpg
025 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 28426 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiated, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. CONCORDIA MILITVM, emperor standing right, holding parazonium and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Heraclea (HA in field, [.XXI. in exe]), first officina, 292 AD

The .XXI. in the exe not visible on this coin. I´m not sure if it ever have bin there. The coin illustrating this type in RIC also missing the exergual mark, but is otherwise very similar to this coin.
pierre_p77
Diocletian_ant6.jpg
026 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 30634 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. CONCORDIA MILITVM, emperor standing right, holding parazonium and receiving Victory om globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Cyzicus (A in field, XXI in exe), first officina.

There is one die matching obv. to this coin on Coinarchives: http://www.coinarchives.com/a/lotviewer.php?LotID=117756&AucID=137&Lot=917 .
pierre_p77
Diocletian_ant2.jpg
027 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 32333 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion´s skin.
Minted in Antioch (* and B in field, XXI in exe), second officina, 285 AD.
1 commentspierre_p77
Diocletian_ant3.jpg
028 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 32328 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion´s skin.
Minted in Antioch (crescent delta in field, XXI in exe), fourth officina, 285 AD.
pierre_p77
didrachm.jpg
028/3 Didrachm/Quadrigatus 37 viewsAnonymous. AR Didrachm-Quadrigatus. Uncertain or Rome Mint c. 225-214 B.C. (6.26g, 20.9m, 9h). Obv: Laureate head of Janus. Rev: Jupiter, hurling Thunderbolt and holding scepter in Quadriga right driven by Victory. Roma in relief in linear frame. Craw. 28/3, Syd. 65, RSC 24. CNG276/320.

One of Rome’s pre-denarius silver coins issued before the Second Punic War, and the introduction of the denarius circa 214-211 B.C.

I wanted to trace the evolution of Roman coinage, so I couldn’t pass this one up when I saw it. More information on the type can be found here: andrewmccabe.ancients.info.

2 commentsLucas H
Diocletian_ant7.jpg
029 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 32328 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion´s skin.
Minted in Antioch (delta in field, XXI. in exe), fourth officina, 293 AD.
pierre_p77
Diocletian_ant4.jpg
030 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 32441 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG, emperor standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Antioch (Edelta in field, XXI in exe), nineth officina, 284 AD.
pierre_p77
Didrachm_Black~0.jpg
030/1 AR Didrachm60 viewsAnonymous. AR Didrachm. Uncertain Mint, 225-214 BC. (6.56g, 23mm, 12h) Obv: Janiform head of the Dioscuri. Rev: Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding sceptre, in galloping quadriga driven by Victory; ROMA on tablet below.

Crawford 30/1; Sydenham 64.

Traces of corrosion, Good Very Fine.

Ex: Roma Numismatics

From the Andrew McCabe Collection; Ex Goodman
5 commentsPaddy
RI_035l_img.jpg
035 - Domitian Ae AS - RIC II 385a78 viewsObv:- IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII CENS PER P P, Laureate head right
Rev:- COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC - SC, Domitian , togate,standing left, sacrificing from patera over garlanded altar, on the other side of which are two flute players facing the emperor, one of which is partly obscured by the altar, hexastyle temple of Jupiter Capitolinus in background.

This variety, not distinguished in the catalogues, where the second musician's lower body is obscured by the large altar. see BMC pl. 79.3, with obv. portrait left, is from the same rev. die. On other dies, apparently the normal variety, the altar is narrower and you see the second musician's legs descending to the ground.

Celebrates the Secular Games
4 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_035o_img.jpg
035 - Domitian AE Sestertius - RIC II 39814 viewsAE Sestertius
Obv:- IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XV CENS PER P P, Laureate head of Domitian to left
Rev:- IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter seated left, holding Victory & sceptre; SC in ex.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 85
Reference:– RIC 388.
maridvnvm
Marc_Aurelius_AE-Dup_M-ANTONINVS-AVG-TR-P-XXVII_IMP-VI-COS-III_S-C_RIC-1065_C-249_Rome-173-74-AD_Q-001_axis-11h_23-27mm_13,8ga-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 1065, Rome, AE-Dupondius, -/-//S-C, Jupiter steated left,107 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 1065, Rome, AE-Dupondius, -/-//S-C, Jupiter steated left,
avers:- M-ANTONINVS-AVG-TR-P-XXVII, Radiate head right.
revers:- IMP-VI-COS-III, Jupiter steated left, holding Victory and sceptre, S-C in exergue.
exerg: -/-//S-C, diameter: 23-27mm, weight: 13,80g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date:172-73 A.D., ref: RIC-III-1065-p-298, C-249, Sear-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Marc_Aurelius_AE-Sest_M-ANTONINVS-AVG-TR-P-XXVIII_IMP-VI-COS-III_S-C_RIC-1096_C-250_Rome-173-74-AD_Q-001_axis-h_20,46mm_31,0ga-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 1096, Rome, AE-Sestertius, IMP VI COS III/S-C, Jupiter steated left,85 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 1096, Rome, AE-Sestertius, IMP VI COS III/S-C, Jupiter steated left,
avers:- M-ANTONINVS-AVG-TR-P-XXVIII, Laurate head right.
revers:- IMP-VI-COS-III, Jupiter steated left, holding Victory and sceptre, S-C in exergue.
exerg: S-C, diameter: 29,5-31mm, weight: 20,47g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date:173-74 A.D., ref: RIC-III-1096-p-300, C-250, Sear-,
Q-001
quadrans
Titus-RIC-211.jpg
039. Titus.21 viewsDenarius, 75-79 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS / Laureate bust of Titus.
Reverse: IOVIS CVSTOS / Jupiter standing, sacrificing out of patera over altar, holding sceptre.
3.35 gm., 18.5 mm.
RIC #211; Sear #2444.
1 commentsCallimachus
048-BC-C_Vibius_Cf_Cn_Pansa_Caetronianus_Rep_AR-Den_IOVIS_AX-VR-_Cr-449-1a_Syd-947_Vibia-18_Rome_48-BC_Q-001_4h_17,5-18,5mm_2,96g-s.jpg
048 B.C., C.Vibius Cf. Cn. Pansa Caetronianus Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 449/1a, Jupiter Axurus seated left,135 views048 B.C., C.Vibius Cf. Cn. Pansa Caetronianus Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 449/1a, Jupiter Axurus seated left,
avers: Mask of Pan right, PANSA below. border of dots.
reverse: IOVIS•AXVR•before, C•VIBIVS•C•F•C•N behind, Jupiter Axurus seated left, holding a plate in right hand, sceptre in left.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,5mm, weight: 2,96g, axis: 4h,
mint: Rome, date: 48 B.C., ref: Crawford 449/1a, Sydenham 947, Sear, CRI 20, Vibia 18,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Septimius-Severus_AR-Billon-Den_L-SEPT-SEV-AVG-IMP-XI-PART-MAX_IOVI-CONSE-RVATORI_RIC-IV-I-130-p-_RSC-237_Rome-198-200-AD_Rare_Q-001_axis-1h_17mm_3,48g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 130, Rome, AR-Denarius, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter seated left,118 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 130, Rome, AR-Denarius, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter seated left,
avers:- L-SEPT-SEV-AVG-IMP-XI-PART-MAX, Laurate bust right.
revers:- IOVI-CONSE-RVATORI, Jupiter seated left holding scepter and Victory.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 3,48g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 198-200 A.D.,ref: RIC-IV-I-130, p-, RSC-237,
Q-001
quadrans
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG_P-M-TR-P-XVII-COS-III-P-P_RIC-IV-I-226_p120_C-525_Rome-209-AD_Q-001_19mm_3_42g-s~0.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 226, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVII COS III P P, Jupiter standing left, 107 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 226, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVII COS III P P, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG, Laurate bust right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVII-COS-III-P-P, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter; two boys at his feet, one left, one right..
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,42g, axis: ,
mint: Rome, date: 209 A.D.,ref: RIC-IV-I-226, p-120, C-525,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT_P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-III-P-P_RIC-IV-I-240_p-_C-540_Rome-210-AD_Q-001_0h_18,5mm_2,18ga-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 240, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVIII COS III P P, Jupiter standing left, 113 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 240, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVIII COS III P P, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT, Laurate bust right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-III-P-P, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter; two boys at his feet, one left, one right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 2,18g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 210 A.D.,ref: RIC IV-I-240, p-, C-540, BMCRE-25,
Q-001
quadrans
Elagabalus-RIC-27.jpg
05. Elagabalus year III.9 viewsDenarius, 220 AD, Branch mint.
Obverse: IMP ANTONINVS AVG / Laureate bust of Elagabalus.
Reverse: PM TR P III COS III P P / Jupiter seated, holding Victory and sceptre, eagle at his feet.
3.41 gm., 17.5 mm.
RIC #27.

This coin shows signs of being double struck. The obverse legend is doubled on the left side of the coin. On the reverse, the last part of the legend is doubled and way out of alignment.
Callimachus
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVII-COS-IIII-P-P_RIC-IV-I-240-p-246_C-239_Rome_214-AD_Q-001_axis-7h_18-18,5mm_3,57g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 240, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVII COS IIII P P, Jupiter standing left, #1109 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 240, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVII COS IIII P P, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVII-COS-IIII-P-P, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter, eagle to left at foot.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 3,57g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 214 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-240, p-246, C-239,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Caracalla_AR-Denar_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVII-COS-IIII-P-P_Roma-RIC-240_RSC-239_AD_Q-001_6h_19mm_3,23g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 240, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVII COS IIII P P, Jupiter standing left, #265 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 240, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVII COS IIII P P, Jupiter standing left, #2
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVII-COS-IIII-P-P, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter, eagle to left at foot.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,23g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 214 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-240, p-246, C-239,
Q-002
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Ant_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P_RIC-260b_Roma_215-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_23mm_4,69g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 260v, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter seated left, #1180 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 260v, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter seated left, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate cuirassed bust right, seen half from back.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Jupiter seated left holding Victory and sceptre at his feet eagle.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 23mm, weight: 4,69g, axis:- 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-260v, p-249,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Caracalla_AR-Ant_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P_RIC_IV_260b(v)_Hill_1519__RSC_277_Roma_215-AD_Q-002_h_mm_g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 260v, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter seated left, #276 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 260v, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter seated left, #2
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate cuirassed bust right, seen half from back.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Jupiter seated left holding Victory and sceptre at his feet eagle.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 5,53g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-260v, p-249, Hill-1519, RSC-277b
Q-002
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Ant_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVIIII-COS-IIII-P-P_216_Roma-RIC-275b_Q-001_23mm_4_22g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 275b, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter Standing, Scarce!,91 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 275b, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter Standing, Scarce!,
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped bust right, seen half from back.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Jupiter standing, facing, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 23mm, weight: 4,22g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215-216 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-275b, p-252,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
054-Macrinus_AR-Denar_IMP-C-M-OPEL-SEV-MACRINVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVATORI_RIC_76,_RSC_37,_BMC_20_Rome_AD-217-8_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
054 Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), RIC IV-II 076, Rome, AR-Denarius, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,109 views054 Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), RIC IV-II 076, Rome, AR-Denarius, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- IMP-C-M-OPEL-SEV-MACRINVS-AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right with short, trimmed beard.
revers:- IOVI-CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left with thunderbolt and sceptre, before him small figure of Macrinus.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 217-18 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-76, RSC 37, BMC 20,
Q-001
quadrans
060.jpg
056 DIOCLETIAN11 viewsEMPEROR: Diocletian
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from back
REVERSE: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding thunderbolt and leaning on sceptre; D in left field.
DATE: 286 AD
MINT: Lugdunum
WEIGHT: 3.74 g
RIC: RIC V-2, 47
Barnaba6
Elagabalus_AR-Den_IMP-ANTONINVS-AVG_P_M_TR_P_III_COS_III_P_P_RIC-IV-II-27,_RSC_151,_BMC_178_Rome-220-AD_Q-001_5h_18mm_2,53ga-s.jpg
056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 027, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P III COS III P P, Jupiter seated left, #1 82 views056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 027, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P III COS III P P, Jupiter seated left, #1
avers:- IMP-ANTONINVS-AVG, Laureate, draped bust right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-III-COS-III-P-P, Jupiter seated left, holding Victory and scepter; at feet, on left, an eagle.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,53g, axis:5h,
mint: Rome, date: 220 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-027, p- , RSC-151,
Q-001
quadrans
058_BC-_M_Aemilius_Scaurus_and_P_Plautius_Hypsaeus_AR_Denarius__King_Aretas_of_Nabataea,_Cr422-1b,_Syd_914,_Aemilia9a_Q-001_8h_17,5-18mm_3,73g-s.jpg
058 B.C., M. Aemilius Scaurus and P. Plautius Hypsaeus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 422/1b, Jupiter in quadriga left, #1147 views058 B.C., M. Aemilius Scaurus and P. Plautius Hypsaeus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 422/1b, Jupiter in quadriga left, #1
avers: King Aretas of Nabataea kneeling right by camel, offering the olive branch, M•SCAVR/AED CVR above, EX-S•C to sides, REX ARETAS in exergue.
reverse: Jupiter in quadriga left, scorpion beneath horses' forelegs, P•HVPSAE AED CVR above, C•HVPSAE COS PREIVE in exergue, CAPTV on right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,0mm, weight: 3,73g, axis: 8h,
mint: Rome, date: 58 B.C., ref: Crawford 422-1b, Sydenham 914,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Nero,_RIC_I_64.jpg
06 Nero RIC I 6484 viewsNero 54-68 A.D.. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. c. 66-67 A.D. (3.25g, 17.2mm, 6h ). Obv: l to r in- IMP NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right. Rev: l to r in- IVPPITER CVSTOS, Jupiter, bare to waist, seated left holding thunderbolt ring right, and long scepter in left. RIC I 64, RSC 121.6 commentsLucas H
Nero_RIC_I_55.jpg
06 Nero RIC I 5528 viewsNero. 54-68 A.D. Rome Mint. 65-66 A.D. (3.30g, 18.7m, 5h). Obv: [N]ERO CAESAR AVGVS[TVS], laureate head right. Rev: ROMA in ex., Roma, helmeted and dr., seated l. on cuirass, r. holding Victory, l. parazonium by side, r. foot resting on helmet; shields, with greaves behind. RIC I 55 (R).

A worn denarius of Nero, but with an interesting reverse. Roma, deprecated frequently on denarii during the Republic, was as not frequently used during the empire. While not necessarily a scarce type, it seems less ubiquitous than Salas and Jupiter for Nero.
1 commentsLucas H
063.jpg
060 LICINIUS I6 viewsEMPEROR: Licinius I
DENOMINATION: AE follis
OBVERSE: AD 317-320. IMP LICI-NIVS AVG, laureate bust left in consular robe, holding globe, sceptre and mappa
REVERSE: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, holding Victory on globe and eagle-tipped sceptre. Palm branch angled, Z in right field
EXERGUE: SMN
DATE: 317-320 AD
MINT: Nicomedia
WEIGHT: 3.17 g
RIC: RIC VII Nicomedia 24
Barnaba6
064.jpg
060a LICINIUS I10 viewsEMPEROR: Licinius I
DENOMINATION: AE3 Radiate
OBVERSE: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right
REVERSE: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing half left, holding Victory on globe and eagle tipped staff, eagle at foot left with a wreath in its beak, captive seated to right with head left, X over III in field.
EXERGUE: SMHГ
DATE: 321-324 AD
MINT: Heraclea
WEIGHT: 2.42 g
RIC: VII Heraclea 52
Barnaba6
Severus-Alexander_AR-Den_IMP-ALEXANDER-PIVS-AVG_IOVI-PRO-PVG-NATORI_RIC-IV-II_-p-_C-_-AD_Q-001_0h_19,5-20,5mm_2,27g-s.jpg
062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 239, Rome, AR-Denarius, IOVI PROPVGNATORI, Jupiter standing front,90 views062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 239, Rome, AR-Denarius, IOVI PROPVGNATORI, Jupiter standing front,
avers: IMP-ALEXANDER-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped bust right.
revers: IOVI-PRO-PVG-NATORI, Jupiter standing front, head turned right, holding an eagle and hurling thunderbolt.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 2,27g, axis:0h,
mint: Rome, date: 231 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-239, p-_RSC-84,
Q-001
quadrans
062_Alex_Severus,_RIC_IV-II_558,_Rome,_AE-Sest,_IMP_SEV_ALEXANDER_AVG,_IOVI_CONSERVATORI_S-C,_222-231AD,_Q-001,_0h,_28-30,5mm,_20,81g-s.jpg
062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 558, Rome, AE-Sestertius, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,139 views062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 558, Rome, AE-Sestertius, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers: IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG, Laureate head right, slight drapery on far shoulder.
reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, protecting Alexander at foot left. S-C across the field.
exergue: S/C//--, diameter: 28,0-30,5mm, weight: 20,81g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 231 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 558, C. 74, BMC 692.
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RI_064ff_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Barbarous/Imitative Denarius36 views Obv:– IMP CAE L SEPT ERT AVT COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVL SER ?? AVG, Jupiter?, seated left
Copies an emesa mint issue
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064sw_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - O3 - RIC - 21 viewsDenarius
Obv:–IMP CA L SEP SEV PER AVG COS II, laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI VICT, Jupiter, seated left, holding Victory and sceptre
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– RIC -. RSC -. BMCRE -
maridvnvm
RI_064hr_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - O4 - RIC -33 viewsObv:– IMP CA L SE SEV PER AV COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter, seated left, holding Victory and sceptre
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194-195
References:– RIC -, RSC -, BMCRE -

3.05g, 17.93mm, 0o

Unusual obverse legend variety with shortened forms from the normal legend. Scarce reverse type.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064kl_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -23 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PE-RET AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– IOBI(sic.) VICTO, Jupiter seated left, Victory in right hand, scepter in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RSC -. RIC -.

RIC 454 note, RSC note and BMCRE W431 note have a similar reverse legend - IOBI VICT, citing Cohen 247 note (Vienna)
maridvnvm
RI_064kl_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -8 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PE-RET AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– IOBI(sic.) VICTO, Jupiter seated left, Victory in right hand, scepter in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RSC -. RIC -.

RIC 454 note, RSC note and BMCRE W431 note have a similar reverse legend - IOBI VICT, citing Cohen 247 note (Vienna)
maridvnvm
RI_064jg_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 4547 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP I - I, laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI VICT, Jupiter seated left, Victory in right hand, scepter in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 195
References:– BMCRE W431 note. RIC 454 (citing Cohen, rated Scarce). RSC 247 (Citing Copenhagen).

The Copenhagen coin would appear to be the source of all these references.
maridvnvm
RI 064ej img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 454 var.37 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERET AVG IMP I-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter seated left, Victory in right hand, scepter in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 454 var (RIC 454 is IOVI VICT with obverse legend with PERTE), RSC -
maridvnvm
RI_064ej_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 454 var.4 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERET AVG IMP I-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter seated left, Victory in right hand, scepter in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 454 var (RIC 454 is IOVI VICT with obverse legend with PERTE), RSC -
maridvnvm
RI_064by_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 480a corr.46 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI IN-VICT, Jupiter seated left, holding Victory and sceptre
Minted in Laodicea ad Mare. A.D. 196-197
Reference:– Cohen 239. RIC 480a corr. (Rare) RIC is likely in error in recording INVICTO in the Vienna collection.

A rare issue and one of its rarer reverse types.
maridvnvm
RI_064by_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 480a corr.8 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI IN-VICT, Jupiter seated left, holding Victory and sceptre
Minted in Laodicea ad Mare. A.D. 196-197
Reference:– Cohen 239. RIC 480a corr. (Rare) RIC is likely in error in recording INVICTO in the Vienna collection.

A rare issue and one of its rarer reverse types.
maridvnvm
RI_064cv_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (6)27 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE - V PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI PRAE ORBIS, Jupiter, seated left, holding Victory and sceptre, at feet eagle
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 193
References:– RIC Page 139 (6) (Rare), Cohen 240 (6 Francs)

2.87g, 17.33mm, 0o

Shares the same reverse die as a coin in the Doug Smith Collection but his example has the more common COS II obverse die. One of the scarcer reverse types.
maridvnvm
RI_064kz_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Sestertius - RIC 707c44 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII, laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– P M TR P IIII COS II P P, S - C, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory and sceptre; at feet eagle
Minted in Rome. A.D. 196
Reference:– Cohen 407. BMCRE 583. RIC 707c (Scarce)
maridvnvm
RI 066i img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 24035 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XVII COS IIII P P, Jupiter, naked, but for cloak on shoulder, standing half left holding thunderbolt and long sceptre, eagle at feet
Minted in Rome. A.D. 214.
Reference:– RIC 240. RCV02 6832. RSC 239.
maridvnvm
RI 066aq img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 258c (Fouree)30 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter standing right holding thunderbolt & scepter
Reference:– RIC 258c
maridvnvm
RI 066u img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 275a35 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate head right
Rev:– P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter, naked, standing front, head left, with thunderbolt & scepter.
Reference:– RIC 275a. RSC 337
maridvnvm
RI 069a img.jpg
069 - Macrinus Denarius - RIC 002114 viewsObv:– IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PONTIF MAX TR P P P, Jupiter, nude, standing front, head left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre
Minted in Rome, September 217 A.D.
References:– RIC 2, RSC 70
Titles PONTIF MAX TR P P P (no COS) are rare on denarii. No specimens of this coin in Reka Devnia hoard, for example. Combined with medium beard length of portrait increases interest. Macrinus was letting his beard grow and the same coin can also be found with either short or long beard! This is second issue, date c. Sept. 217
maridvnvm
VesII496.jpg
069-079 AD - Vespasian - RIC II 496 - Temple Reverse37 viewsProbable Emperor: Vespasian (r. 69-79 AD)
Date: 71 AD
Condition: Mediocre
Denomination: As

Obverse: IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS III
Imperator Caesar Vespasian Emperor Consul Third Term
Head right; laureate

Reverse: (no legend)
"S - C" in field.
Hexastyle temple of Jupiter Capitolinus.

Rome mint
RIC II Vespasian 496
7.55g; 27.6mm; 180°
Pep
Commodus-RIC-192.jpg
069. Commodus.16 viewsDenarius, 189 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT / Laureate bust of Commodus.
Reverse: OPTIME MAXIME C V P P / Jupiter standing, holding thunderbolt and spear.
3.37 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #192; Sear #5664.

Jupiter was called optimus for his beneficence, and maximus for his power. These were also qualities Commodus attributed to himself. This coin and a similar brass coin also of Commodus, represent the only time the inscription OPTIME MAXIME appear on Roman coinage.
Callimachus
Gordianus-III_AG-Ant_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_IOVI-STATORI_RIC-IV-III-115-p-27_C-243_Rome_241-243-AD_Rare_Q-001_axis-6h_21-23mm_3,71ga-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 084, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter, #1200 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 084, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter standing left, facing right, holding scepter and thunderbolt.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,71g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D.(4th. Issue), ref: RIC IV-III-84, p-25, C-109, c3,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Gordianus-III__AE-Sest_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_IOVI-STATORI_S-C_Roma-241-43-RIC-298a_Q-001_20_79ga-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 298a, AE-Sestertius, Rome, IOVI STATORI, 125 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 298a, AE-Sestertius, Rome, IOVI STATORI,
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter standing, facing, holding scepter and thunderbolt; S C across fields.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 27-30mm, weight: 20,79g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D., ref: RIC-298a, C-111,
Q-001
quadrans
Gordian-III_AE-Den_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_IOVI-S-TATOR_RIC-_AD_Q-001_axis-6h_19-20mm_3,17g-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III ???, AE-Denarius???, Rome, IOVI STATOR,103 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III ???, AE-Denarius???, Rome, IOVI STATOR,
avers: IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: IOVI-S-TATOR, Jupiter standing front, head right, holding long sceptre and thunderbolt.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 3,17g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome??, date: A.D., ref: RIC-, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
075-Otacila-Severa_fouree-Ant_MARCIA-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG_IVNO-REGINA_RIC-_Local-issue_after-249-AD_Q-001_h_20mm_3,81g-s~0.jpg
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III ???, Local issue, IVNO-REGINA, Iuno, standing half-left, #192 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III ???, Local issue, IVNO-REGINA, Iuno, standing half-left, #1
avers:- MARCIA-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- IVNO-REGINA, Iuno ( the consort of Jupiter) standing half-left,, holding patera and scepter.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:20mm, weight:3,81g, axis:h,
mint: Local issue ???, date:after 249A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-???, p-, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
075-Otacila-Severa_fouree-Ant_MARCIA-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG_IVNO-REGINA_RIC-_Local-issue_after-249-AD_Q-001_5h_20,2-21,2mm_3,82g-s.jpg
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III ---, Local issue, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO REGINA, Iuno, standing half-left, #172 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III ---, Local issue, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO REGINA, Iuno, standing half-left, #1
avers:- MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- IVNO REGINA, Iuno ( the consort of Jupiter) standing half-left,, holding patera and scepter.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 20,2-21,2 mm, weight:3,82g, axis:5h,
mint: Local issue ???, date:after 249A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III---, p-, C-, Rare !
Q-001
quadrans
075-Otac-Severa_AR-Ant_M-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG_IVNO-CONSERVAT_Roma_RIC-127_246-48-AD_Q-001_h_mm_0,00ga-s.jpg
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 127, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #0182 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 127, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #01
avers:- M OTACIL SEVERA AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno ( the consort of Jupiter) veiled, standing left,, holding patera and scepter.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 20,0-22,7mm, weight: 4,15g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 246-248A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-127, p-, RSC 20, Sear 2628, Scarce,
Q-001
Note: RIC notes that this coin is probably issued from Antioch but since there is uncertainty, leaves it under Rome.
quadrans
075-Otac-Severa_AR-Ant_M-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG_IVNO-CONSERVAT_Roma_RIC-127_246-48-AD_Q-002_h_mm_0,00ga-s.jpg
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 127, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #0263 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 127, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #02
avers:- M OTACIL SEVERA AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno ( the consort of Jupiter) veiled, standing left,, holding patera and scepter.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 22,0-23,5mm, weight: 3,90g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 246-248A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-127, p-, RSC 20, Sear 2628, Scarce,
Q-002
Note: RIC notes that this coin is probably issued from Antioch but since there is uncertainty, leaves it under Rome.
quadrans
076-Philippus-II_AR-Ant_M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-CAES_AETERNITAS-AVG-G_RIC-IV-III-213_Rome_244-46-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
076a Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 213, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing right, #164 views076a Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 213, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing right, #1
avers:- M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 244-246 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-213, RSC 13, Sear 2650,
Q-001
Note: RIC questions whether the mint is Rome or Antioch. Seaby states that it is probably Antioch.
quadrans
076-Philippus-II_AR-Ant_M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-CAES_AETERNITAS-AVG-G_RIC-2213_Rome_244-46-AD_error_Q-002_h_mm_g-s.jpg
076a Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 213, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing right, #2, Error coin !60 views076a Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 213, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing right, #2, Error coin !
avers:- M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 244-246 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-213, RSC 13, Sear 2650,
Q-002
Note: RIC questions whether the mint is Rome or Antioch. Seaby states that it is probably Antioch.
quadrans
RI 077ad img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 00542 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped, bust right
Rev:– P M TR P COS P P, Jupiter, naked, but for cloak behind, over arms, standing front, head left, holding thunderbolt and long sceptre
Minted in Rome, A.D. 222
References:– VM 35/1, RIC 5 (Common), RCV02 7891, RSC 204
maridvnvm
RI 077n img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 20220 viewsObv:– IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI STATORI, Jupiter naked standing, head right, holding sceptre and thunderbolt
Minted in Rome. A.D. 228-231
Reference:– RIC 202, RSC 92
maridvnvm
A-11_Rep_AR-Den_M_Volteius-M_f_-Laur-Head-Jupiter-r__Capitolin-Temple-M_VOLTEI_M_F_-below_Crawford-385-1_Syd-774_Rome_78-BC_Q-001_axis-10h_16,5-17,5mm_3,69g-s.jpg
078 B.C., M.Volteius M.f., Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 385/1, Rome, Capitoline temple, M•VOLTEI•M•F, 115 views078 B.C., M.Volteius M.f., Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 385/1, Rome, Capitoline temple, M•VOLTEI•M•F,
avers: Laureate head of Jupiter right, border of dots.
reverse: M•VOLTEI•M•F, Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus with closed doors, thunderbolt on the pediment.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 3,69g, axis: 4h,
mint: Rome, date: 78 B.C., ref: Crawford 385/1, Sydenham 774,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Caracalla-RIC-275b.jpg
085. Caracalla.7 viewsAntoninianus, 216 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM / Radiate bust of Caracalla.
Reverse: PM TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P / Jupiter standing, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
4.75 gm., 21 mm.
RIC #275b; Sear #6775.
Callimachus
85a.jpg
085a Valerian II. AR antoninianus28 viewsobv: P LIC VALERIANVS CAES rad. drp. bust r.
rev: IOVI CRESCENTI child Jupiter riding r. on goat
hill132
85b.jpg
085b Valerian II. AR antoninianus40 viewsobv: P LC VALERIANVS CAES rad. drp. bust r.
rev: IOVI CRESCENTI child Jupiter riding r. on goat
hill132
A-07_Rep_AR-Den_M_Vergilius_No-legends-Head-Apollo-r__Jupiter-quadriga-r__no-legend_ROMA_Crawford-350-A2_Syd-723_Rome_86-BC_Q-001_axis-11h_19,5-20mm_3,73g-s.jpg
086 B.C., Vergilius, Gargilius and Ogulnius, Rebublic AR-Denarius, Crawford-350-A2, Rome, Jupiter in quadriga right,96 views086 B.C., Vergilius, Gargilius and Ogulnius, Rebublic AR-Denarius, Crawford-350-A2, Rome, Jupiter in quadriga right,
avers:- No legends, Laureate head of Apollo right, thunderbolt below.
revers: - No legend or control letters, Jupiter in quadriga right, holding reins and hurling thunderbolt.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19,5-20mm, weight: 3,73g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date:, ref: Crawford-350-A2, Syd-723, Vergilia,
Q-001
quadrans
RI 087h img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 08442 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing front, head right, holding long sceptre and thunderbolt
Minted in Rome. Fourth Issue. A.D. 241 - 243
Reference:– Van Meter 21, RIC 84, RSC 109
Weight 4.45 gms
Dimensions 23.03mm
maridvnvm
A-09_Rep_AR-Den_L_Rubrius-Dossenus_Head-Jupiter-r_-DOS-behind_Triumphal-quadriga-r_-dec-eagle-thund_-in-ex-L_RVBRI__Crawford-348-1_Syd-705_Rome_87-BC_Q-001_3h_16-18mm_3,78ga-s.jpg
087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/1, Rome, L.RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 1, #171 views087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/1, Rome, L.RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 1, #1
avers:- Laureate head of Jupiter right, with sceptre over his shoulder, DOSSEN below.
revers:- Empty triumphal slow quadriga right decorated with thunderbolt on side panel, surmounted by small wreath-bearing Victory, L.RVBRI in exergue.
exerg: -/-//L.RVBRI, diameter: 16-18mm, weight: 3,78g, axis: 3h,
mint: Rome, date: 87 B.C., ref: Crawford-348-1, Syd-705, Rubria 1,
Q-001
quadrans
A-09_Rep_AR-Den_L_Rubrius-Dossenus_Head-Jupiter-r_-DOS-behind_Triumphal-quadriga-r_-dec-eagle-thund_-in-ex-L_RVBRI__Crawf-348-1_Syd-705_Rome_87-BC_Q-002_8h_17,5-19mm_3,50g-s.jpg
087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/1, Rome, L.RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 1, #265 views087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/1, Rome, L.RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 1, #2
avers:- Laureate head of Jupiter right, with sceptre over his shoulder, DOSSEN below.
revers:- Empty triumphal slow quadriga right decorated with thunderbolt on side panel, surmounted by small wreath-bearing Victory, L.RVBRI in exergue.
exerg: -/-//L.RVBRI, diameter: 17,5-19mm, weight: 3,50g, axis: 8h,
mint: Rome, date: 87 B.C., ref: Crawford-348-1, Syd-705, Rubria 1,
Q-002
quadrans
090a_Gallienus_(253-268_A_D_),_AR-Ant_,_RIC_V-I_--,_IMP_GALLIENVS_AVG,_IOVI_VLTORI,_Göbl_383x,_Q-001,_1h,_20mm,_3,45g-s.jpg
090a Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I --, Göbl 383x., Roma, S/-//--, IOVI VLTORI, Jupiter standing right, 117 views090a Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I --, Göbl 383x., Roma, S/-//--, IOVI VLTORI, Jupiter standing right,
avers: IMP GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right.
reverse: IOVI VLTORI, Jupiter standing right, head left, holding thunderbolt in right hand, cloak flying right. S in left field.
exergue: S/-//--, diameter: 20,0mm, weight: 3,45g, axis: 1h,
mint: Roma, date: A.D., ref: RIC V-I --, p-, Göbl 383,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
092_Valerianus_II_,_RIC_V-I_01,_AR-Ant,_VALERIANVS_CAES,_IOVI_CRESCENTI,__Cologne,_RSC-16,_257-58_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_21-23mm,_3,50g-s.jpg
092 Valerian-II (256-258 A.D. Caesar), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 01, Cologne, IOVI CRESCENTI, Jupiter riding goat Amalthea right, Scarce! #178 views092 Valerian-II (256-258 A.D. Caesar), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 01, Cologne, IOVI CRESCENTI, Jupiter riding goat Amalthea right, Scarce! #1
avers: VALERIANVS CAES, Radiate, draped bust right.
reverse: IOVI CRESCENTI, Jupiter riding goat Amalthea right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 21,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,50g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cologne, date: 257-258 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 01, p-118, RSC-16, Scarce!,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Valerianus-II__AR-Ant_P-LIC-VALERIANVS-CAES_IOVI-CRESCENTI_RIC-V-I-13_C-29_253-55-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_20,5mm_3,07g-s.jpg
092 Valerian-II (256-258 A.D. Caesar), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 013, Rome, IOVI CRESCENTI, Jupiter riding goat Amalthea right, Scarce! #196 views092 Valerian-II (256-258 A.D. Caesar), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 013, Rome, IOVI CRESCENTI, Jupiter riding goat Amalthea right, Scarce! #1
avers:- P-LIC-VALERIANVS-CAES, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- IOVI-CRESCENTI, Jupiter riding goat Amalthea right.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 20,5mm, weight: 3,07g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 253-255 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-13, p-118, C-29, Scarce!,
Q-001
quadrans
Valerianus-II__AR-Ant_P-LIC-VALERIANVS-CAES_IOVI-CRESCENTI_RIC-V-I-13_C-29_253-55-AD_Q-002_1h_20-21mm_3,43ga-s.jpg
092 Valerian-II (256-258 A.D. Caesar), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 013, Rome, IOVI CRESCENTI, Jupiter riding goat Amalthea right, Scarce! #2127 views092 Valerian-II (256-258 A.D. Caesar), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 013, Rome, IOVI CRESCENTI, Jupiter riding goat Amalthea right, Scarce! #2
avers:- P-LIC-VALERIANVS-CAES, Radiate, draped bust right, seen from front.
revers:- IOVI-CRESCENTI, Jupiter riding goat Amalthea right.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,43g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 253-255 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-13, p-118, C-29, Scarce!,
Q-002
quadrans
victorituts.jpg
095/1a Victoriatus52 viewsAnonymous. 211-208B.C. AR Victoriatus. Uncertain Mint. (2.74g, 16mm, 12h). Obv: Laureate head of Jupiter right. Rev: Victory standing right, crowing trophy; VB monogram between. Crawford 95/1a. Sydenham 113, RSC 36m.

An interesting denomination, he Victoriatus circulated at the same time as the denarius but was made of debased silver and could have been valued at ¾ a denarius. It was hoarded separately from denarii, and could have been used for trade in southern Italy among the Greek colonies. It was later remade into the Quninarri keeping the victory motif from the old Victoriatus.
1 commentsLucas H
96g.jpg
096g Aurelian. AE antoninanus15 viewsobv: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG rad. cuir. bust r.
rev: IOVI_CON_SER emp. std. l. hlding scepter and receiving globe from
Jupiter holding scepter
ex: S
hill132
Cornelia51QuinVict.jpg
0aa Defeat of Hannibal on Sicily, 222 BC11 viewsCn. Lentulus, moneyer
90-85 BC

Quinarius

Laureled head of Jupiter, right
Victory crowning trophy, CN LENT in ex

Seaby, Cornelia 51

Possibly a reference to this event: [Q. Fabius Maximus, afterwards called Cunctator] broke up his camp at Suessula and decided to begin by an attack on Arpi. . . . Now at last the enemy was roused; there was a lull in the storm and daylight was approaching. Hannibal's garrison in the city amounted to about 5000 men, and the citizens themselves had raised a force of 3000. These the Carthaginians put in front to meet the enemy, that there might be no attempt at treachery in their rear. The fighting began in the dark in the narrow streets, the Romans having occupied not only the streets near the gate but the houses also, that they might not be assailed from the roofs. Gradually as it grew light some of the citizen troops and some of the Romans recognised one another, and entered into conversation. The Roman soldiers asked what it was that the Arpinians wanted, what wrong had Rome done them, what good service had Carthage rendered them that they, Italians-bred and born, should fight against their old friends the Romans on behalf of foreigners and barbarians, and wish to make Italy a tributary province of Africa. The people of Arpi urged in their excuse that they knew nothing of what was going on, they had in fact been sold by their leaders to the Carthaginians, they had been victimised and enslaved by a small oligarchy. When a beginning had been once made the conversations became more and more general; at last the praetor of Arpi was conducted by his friends to the consul, and after they had given each other mutual assurances, surrounded by the troops under their standards, the citizens suddenly turned against the Carthaginians and fought for the Romans. A body of Spaniards also, numbering something less than a thousand, transferred their services to the consul upon the sole condition that the Carthaginian garrison should be allowed to depart uninjured. The gates were opened for them and they were dismissed, according to the stipulation, in perfect safety, and went to Hannibal at Salapia. Thus Arpi was restored to the Romans without the loss of a single life, except in the case of one man who had long ago been a traitor and had recently deserted. The Spaniards were ordered to receive double rations, and the republic availed itself on very many occasions of their courage and fidelity.

Livy, History of Rome, 24.46-47
Blindado
Caecilia47Den.jpg
0aa2 Defeat of Hannibal in the Second Punic War, 202 BC14 viewsQ. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio
Imperator 47-46 BC

Denarius

Head of Jupiter, right, Q METEL PIVS
Elephant, right, SCIPIO IMP

Seaby, Caecilia 47

At least one theory for the depiction of the elephant on the reverse of this coin is that it refers to Scipio Africanus' defeat of Hannibal in the Battle of Zama in 202 BC, which ended the Second Punic War. It could also simply refer to the location of the mint in Africa. Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio became Pompey's father-in-law in 53 BC. in 49, he got the Senate to issue the ultimatum that Caesar disband his army before crossing the Rubicon River or be branded a public enemy. He commanded Pompey's center at Pharsalus. After Pompey's death, he fought on from North Africa. At Thapsus, Caesar routed Scipio again (46 BC). He escaped again only to fall on his sword and drown a few months later in a naval battle near Hippo.
Blindado
100- Constantine -10.JPG
100- Constantine The Great -1050 viewsAE reduced follis, 317-320 Cyzicus mint.
Obv: IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate draped bust left withg globe and mappa.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing holding Victory on globe and scepter. Wreath left, B right.
SMK in exergue.
18mm, 3.1gm
RIC 8, R1
jdholds
A-21_Rep_AR-Quinarius_C_Fundanius_Laur-head-Jupiter-r_-S-beh__Victory-crowning-trophy-with-captive_ex-Q_Craw_326_2_Syd_584_Rome_101-BC_Scarce_Q-001_axis-11h_14,5-15mm_1,92g-s.jpg
101 B.C., C. Fundanius, AR-Quinarius, Crawford 326/2, Victory crowning trophy with captive, 87 views101 B.C., C. Fundanius, AR-Quinarius, Crawford 326/2, Victory crowning trophy with captive,
avers: Laureate head of Jupiter right, S behind.
reverse: C•FVNDA in right, Victory standing to right with palm, trophy with kneeling captive on right.
exergue: -/-//Q, diameter: 14,5-15mm, weight: 1,92g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 101 B.C., ref: Crawford 326/2, Sydenham 584,
Q-001
quadrans
101c.jpg
101c Probus. bill.antoninianus20 viewsobv: IMP CM AVR PROBVS AVG rad. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: CLEMEMTIA TEMP emp. std. r. holding scepter receiving globe from
Jupiter std. l. holding scepter
ex: epsilon dot/XXI
hill132
101d.jpg
101d Probus. bill.antoninianus21 viewsobv: IMP CM AVR PROBVS PF AVG rad. drp. cur. bust r.
rev: CLEMEMTIA TEMP emp. std. r. hoding receiving victory from
Jupiter std. l. holding scepter
ex: S dot/XXI
hill132
101f.jpg
101f Probus. bill.antoninianus25 viewsobv: IMP CM AVR PROBVS PF AVG rad. drp.cuir. bust r.
rev: RESTRITVT O_RBIS emp. std. r. holding spear receiving globe from Jupiter
ex: MS/KAB
hill132
TrajSe51.JPG
102 AD: Triumph of Trajan in the first Dacian war and dedication of triumphal arch to Jupiter Optimus Maximus 340 viewsorichalcum sestertius (20.83g, 33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 103-104.
IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P laureate head of Trajan facing right.
S·P·Q·R·OPTIMO PRINCIPI [r.b.,] S C [in ex.] monumental richly decorated triumphal arch; in the panel above pediment inscribed IOM (= Iovi Optimo Maximo)(nearly invisible on this specimen)
RIC 572 [R]; BMC 844; Cohen 547; Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 100:18
Ex CNG eAuct. 266; ex Deyo Collection
1 commentsCharles S
3100378.jpg
102. Trajan. AD 98-11727 viewsTrajan. AD 98-117. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 25.52 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 103-104. Laureate and draped bust right / Front of the Temple of Jupiter: monumental votive arch/gateway; on the sides, from top to bottom, are the following reliefs: biga driven by Victory, aegis, Gigantomachy, arms, and she-wolf suckling twins; the second tier surmounted by a trophy and giant to either side, gateway spandrels with Victories, pediment with Jupiter between two seated figures, panel above pediment inscribed IOM (= Iovi Optimo Maximo), the whole surmounted by six-horse chariot driven by Jupiter and flanked by Victories. RIC II 572-3 var. (bust type); Woytek 187f; Banti 280. Fair, brown patina, some green, areas of minor porosity and cleaning scratches. Rare. Banti cites only one example with this bust type.

EX-CNG eAuction 310 lot 378 190/150
ecoli
103.jpg
103 Numerian. AE antoninianus18 viewsobv: IMP CM AVR NVMERIANVS NOB C rad. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: VIRTVS AVGGG emp. std. r. holding scepter receiving victoryfrom Jupiter or carus std. l.
ex: *S/XXI
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104a.jpg
104a Carinus. bill.antoninianus17 viewsobv: IMP CM AVR CARINVS PF AVG rad.cuir. bust r.
rev: VIRTVS AVGG emp. std. r. holding scepter and receiving victory on globe
from Jupiter or Carus std. l. holding scepter
ex: r/XXI
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T-----_Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG-B1-left_IOVI-STATORI-Jup-1_dot-dot_RIC-333_T-_Cyzicus,_271-AD_Q-001_5h_20-21,5mm_2,44g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-----, RIC V-I ---, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI STATORI, -/-//--, Jupiter standing left, Not in Estiot site !!! Rare !127 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-----, RIC V-I ---, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI STATORI, -/-//--, Jupiter standing left, Not in Estiot site !!! Rare !
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust left, radiate, cuirassed, (B1-left). Two dot under the bust.
revers:- IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt in right hand and long sceptre in left hand. (Jupiter 1)
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 3,67g, axes: 1h,
mint: Cyzicus, iss- ph-, off-, date: 271 (?) A.D., ref: T-??? (Estiot), RIC V-I ???, Rare!!!, Similar coin in Numismatik Naumann, 6. Sept. 2015, Auction 35, Lot 728,
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Aur-xy002-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1459, RIC V-I 129, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter,129 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1459, RIC V-I 129, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:-IOVI CONSER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//P, diameter: 22,5-25mm, weight: 4,42g, axes: 6h,
mint: Mediolanum, iss-3, off-1, date: 271-272 A.D., ref: T-1459 (Estiot), RIC V-I 129,
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Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVATORI_star-P_RIC-V-I-227-p-RIC-T-2078_off-2_iss-5_Siscia_271_AD_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2078, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVATORI, -/-//*P, Emperor and Jupiter,63 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2078, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVATORI, -/-//*P, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers:-IOVI CONSERVATORI, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//*P, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, iss-4, off-1, date: 271 A.D., ref: T-2078 (Estiot), RIC V-I 227,
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Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSER_star-S_RIC-V-I-225-p-RIC-T-2144_off-2_iss-5_Siscia_271-72_AD_Q-001_axis-6h_22mm_3,39g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2144, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #1120 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2144, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:-IOVI CONSER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//*S, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, iss-5, off-2, date: 271-272 A.D., ref: T-2144 (Estiot), RIC V-I 225,
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Aur-xy013-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2144, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #2109 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2144, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #2
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:-IOVI CONSER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//*S, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, iss-5, off-2, date: 271-272 A.D., ref: T-2144 (Estiot), RIC V-I 225,
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Aur-xy001-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2152, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*T, Emperor and Jupiter,104 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2152, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*T, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:-IOVI CONSER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//*T, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, iss-5, off-3, date: 271-272 A.D2,84., ref: T-2152 (Estiot), RIC V-I 225,
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106_Aurelianus_T-2195,_RIC_V-I_225,_Siscia,_AE-Ant_IMP_AVRELIANVS_AVG,_IOVI_CONSER,_star-S,_iss-6,_off_2,_272-74_AD_Q-001_6h_21-23mm_3,06g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2195, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #180 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2195, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:-IOVI CONSER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//*S, diameter: 21,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,06g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, iss-6, off-2, date: 272-274 A.D., ref: T-2195 (Estiot), RIC V-I 225,
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Aurelianus_AE-Silvered-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG-D1_IOVI-CON-SER-1b_P_RIC-V-260var-RIC-T-2559_1-1st-off_1st-iss_Serdica_271-AD__Q-001_axis-7h_21mm_2,95g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2559.1, RIC V-I 260var, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter, Extr. Rare!!!149 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2559.1, RIC V-I 260var, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter, Extr. Rare!!!
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- IOVI CON SER, Emperor in military dress standing right, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand, (EJ1b).
exerg: -/-//P, diameter: 21mm, weight: 2,95g, axes: 7h,
mint: Serdica, iss-1, off-1, date: 271. A.D., ref: T-2559.1 (Estiot), RIC V-I 260var, Extr. Rare!!!,
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Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG(G6)_IOVI-C(O)NSER(EJ1c)_S_RIC-V-I-260-p-T-2581_off-2_iss-2_Serdica_271_AD_Q-001_5h_22mm_3,39g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2581, RIC V-I 260, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI C(O)NSER, -/-//S, Emperor and Jupiter, Rare!70 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2581, RIC V-I 260, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI C(O)NSER, -/-//S, Emperor and Jupiter, Rare!
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (G6)
revers:-IOVI C(O)NSER ("O" missing), Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//S, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 5h,
mint: Serdica, iss-2, off-2, date: 271 A.D., ref: T-2581 (Estiot), RIC V-I 260, Rare!
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T-2607_Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-P-AVG_IOVI-CON-SER_P_RIC-V-I-264var__p-_T-2607_off-1_iss-4_Serdica_273-74_AD_Q-001_6h_22mm_3,38g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2607, RIC V-I 264var., Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter, 97 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2607, RIC V-I 264var., Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers: IMP AVRELIANVS P AVG D1, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers: IOVI CON SER (1b), Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand, (EJ1c).
exerg: -/-//P, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,38g, axes: 6h,
mint: Serdica, iss-4, off-1, date: 273-274. A.D., ref: T-2607 (Estiot), RIC V-I 264var,
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T-2616_Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSER_S_RIC-V-I-260-p-T-2616_off-2_iss-4_Siscia_273-74_AD_Q-001_11h_22,5-23,5mm_3,50g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2616, RIC V-I 260, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//S, Emperor and Jupiter, 125 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2616, RIC V-I 260, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//S, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, right arm visible (D3).
revers: IOVI CON SER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand, (E-J1c).
exerg: -/-//S, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,50g, axes: 11h,
mint: Serdica, iss-4, off-2, date: 273-274. A.D., ref: T-2616 (Estiot), RIC V-I 260,
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Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_CONCORD-MILIT_starCstarP_RIC-V-I-342-RIC-Temp-2949-2nd-off-5th-iss_Cyzicus_272-AD_Q-001_11h_22-23mm_4,35g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2949, RIC V-I 342, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//*C*, Emperor and Jupiter,65 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2949, RIC V-I 342, Cyzicus, -/-//*C*, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed (B1).
revers:- CONCORD MILIT, Emperor in military dress stg. r., holding short sceptre in l. hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter stg. l., holding long sceptre in l. hand.
exerg: -/-//*C*, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 4,35g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, iss-5th, off-2nd, date: 272-A.D., ref: T-2949 (Estiot), RIC V-I 342,
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RI_107x_img.jpg
107 - Gallienus Antoninianus - RIC 02135 viewsObv:- IMP GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:- IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter holding Victory and spear standing on cippus inscribed IMP CES.
Reference:- RIC 22. Cohen 397
2 commentsmaridvnvm
12-Gordian-III-RIC-112.jpg
11. Gordian III / RIC 112.10 viewsDenarius, 240 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Laureate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: IOVIS STATOR / Jupiter standing, holding sceptre and thunderbolt.
2.85 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #112; Sear # 8674.
Callimachus
RI_110b_img.jpg
110 - Saloninus, Antoninianus - RIC 03525 viewsObv:– P COR SAL VALERIANVS CAES, Radiate, draped bust right
Rev:– DII NVTRITORES, Jupiter presenting to prince a small Victory
Minted in Antioch. A.D. 257-258
Reference:– RIC 35. RSC 21.
maridvnvm
T-4100_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP-(EP1d)_Gamma_XXI_T-4100_Antioch_iss-3_off-3_276-AD_Q-001_6h_21,7-22,3mm_4,62g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4100, RIC V-I 210, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Γ//XXI, Bust-D1, Emperor and Jupiter, #1120 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4100, RIC V-I 210, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Γ//XXI, Bust-D1, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short eagle-tipped sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand, (EJ1d).
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 21,7-22,3mm, weight: 4,62g, axes: 6h,
mint: Antioch, issue-3, off-3, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-210, T-(Estiot)-4100,
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T-4116_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_CLEMENTIA-T-EMP-(EP1d)_star_KA_RIC-temp-4116_Tripolis_276-AD_Q-001_5h_21-22mm_2,92g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4116, RIC V-I 213, Tripolis, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, *//KA, Bust-D1, Emperor and Jupiter, #162 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4116, RIC V-I 213, Tripolis, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, *//KA, Bust-D1, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- CLEMENTIA-T-EMP, Emperor in military dress stg. r., holding short eagle-tipped sceptre in l. hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter stg. l., holding long sceptre in l. hand, (EJ1d).
exerg: *//KA, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 2,92g, axes: 5h,
mint: Tripolis, issue-2, off-, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-213, T-(Estiot)-4116,
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Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-MAN-FLORIANVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVAT_TTI_Bust-B1_RIC-V-I-68_p-360_T-4189_Ticinum_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_11h_23mm_4,02g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4189, RIC V-I 068, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, -/-//TTI, Bust-B1, Jupiter standing left, #168 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4189, RIC V-I 068, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, -/-//TTI, Bust-B1, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-MAN-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers:- IOVI-CONSERVAT, Jupiter stg. l., holding thunderbolt in r. hand and long sceptre in l. hand. (Jupiter-1).
exerg: -/-//TTI, diameter: 23mm, weight: 4,02g, axes: 11h,
mint: Ticinum, 2nd.issue, 3rd.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-68, T-(Estiot)-4189,
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Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-M-ANNIVS-FLORIANVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVAT_TTI_Bust-B1_RIC-V-I-069_p-_T-4190_iss-2_off-3_Ticinum_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_6h_22-23,5mm_3,39g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4190, RIC V-I 069, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, -/-//TTI, Bust-B1, Jupiter standing left, #174 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4190, RIC V-I 069, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, -/-//TTI, Bust-B1, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-M-ANNIUS-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, B1.
revers:- IOVI-CONSERVAT, Jupiter stg. l., holding thunderbolt in r. hand and long sceptre in l. hand. Jupiter-1.
exerg: -/-//TTI, diameter: 22-23,5mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, 2nd.issue, 3rd.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-069, T-(Estiot)-4190,
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T-4250_111-Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG_IOVI-STATORI_Z_XXI_(D2,Jup-2))_RIC-V-I-32_p-_Rome_iss_-1_off_7_276-AD_Q-001_0h_22-23mm_3,29g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4250, RIC V-I 032, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI STATORI,, -/Z//XXI, Bust-D2, Jupiter standing left, #1120 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4250, RIC V-I 032, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI STATORI,, -/Z//XXI, Bust-D2, Jupiter standing left, Rare !, #1
avers: IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, (D2).
revers: IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing left, head right, holding long sceptre in right hand and thunderbolt in left hand. (Jupiter 2).
exerg: -/Z//XXI, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,29g, axes: 0h,
mint: Roma, 1st.issue, 7th.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-32, T-(Estiot)-4250,
Rare!, Known less than 5 specimen !
Q-001
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Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG_IOVI-STATORI_XXI-Z_Bust-B1_RIC-V-I-32_p-_T-4251_Rome_iss_-1_off_-7_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_0h_20mm_2,91g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4251, RIC V-I 032, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI-STATORI, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-D1, Jupiter standing left, #167 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4251, RIC V-I 032, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI-STATORI, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-D1, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, D1.
revers:- IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter stg. l., head r., holding long sceptre in r. hand and thunderbolt in l. hand. Jupiter-2.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 20mm, weight: 2,91g, axes: 0h,
mint: Roma, 1st.issue, 7th.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-32, T-(Estiot)-4251,
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111-Constantine-19.JPG
111-Constantine The Great-19-S49 viewsAE Follis, 313-317 AD , Nicomedia mint.
Obv: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing holding Victory on globe and sceptre. Eagle at feet with wreath in beak, S right.
SMN in exergue.
19mm, 3.3gm.
RIC12
jdholds
111b.jpg
111b Galerius Maximianus. AE radiate fraction22 viewsobv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES rad. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: CONCORDIA MI_LITVM Galerius std. r. receiving victory on globe from Jupiter
fld: KA
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RIC_173_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-PF-AVG-(F)_IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG_R-thunderbolt-B_RIC-173_C-306_Rome-6th-em_281-AD_Q-001_0h_20,5-21,5mm_3,77g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 173, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R thuderbolt B, Jupiter standing left, Scarce, #198 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 173, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R thuderbolt B, Jupiter standing left, Scarce, #1
avers: IMP-PROBVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers: IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
exergo: -/-//R thuderbolt B, diameter: 20,5-21,5mm, weight: 3,77g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-173, p-36, C-306, Scarce,
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Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-PF-AVG-(F)_IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG_R-thunderbolt-B_RIC-173_C-000_Rome-6th-emission_281_Q-002_0h_21-23mm_4,35ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 173, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R thuderbolt B, Jupiter standing left, Scarce, #2154 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 173, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, Jupiter standing left, Scarce, #2
avers:- IMP-PROBVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers:- IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
exergo: -/-//R thuderbolt B, diameter: 21,2-22,5mm, weight: 4,38g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-173, p-36, C-306, Scarce,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_173_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(F)_IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG_R-thunderbolt-B_RIC-173_C-306_Rome-6th-emission_281_Q-003_7h_20,5-21mm_3,41ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 173, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R thuderbolt B, Jupiter standing left, Scarce, #394 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 173, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R thuderbolt B, Jupiter standing left, Scarce, #3
avers: IMP-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers: IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
exergo: -/-//R thuderbolt B, diameter: 20,5-21mm, weight: 3,41g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-173, p-36, C-306, Scarce,
Q-003
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_PROBV-S-P-F-AVG-(F)_IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG_R-thunderbolt-B_RIC-175-p-36_C-305_Rome-6th-emission_281_Q-001_axis-6h_20,5-22mm_3,26g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 175, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, Jupiter standing left, #186 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 175, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- PROBV-S-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
exergo: -/-//R thuderbolt B, diameter: 20,5-22mm, weight: 3,26g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-175, p-36, C-306, ,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_PRO-BV-S-P-F-AVG_IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG_R-thundenb-B_Bust-F_RIC-175-p-35_Rome--emiss_279-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_20-22mm_3,72g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 175, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, Jupiter standing left, #2114 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 157, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, Jupiter standing left, #2
avers:- PROBV-S-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG, Jupiter standing, holding thunderbolt and sceptre..
exerg: R thunderbolt B, diameter: 20-22mm, weight: 3,52g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-175, p-36,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_388_112_Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PROBI-AV-G-(G)_IOVI_CONSE_RVAT_V-XXT_RIC-388_p-_3rd-em_Ticinum_277-AD_Q-001_6h_21,8-22,3mm_3,40g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 388, Ticinum, IOVI CONSERVAT, Bust type G, -/-//VXXT, Emperor and Jupiter, 179 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 388, Ticinum, IOVI CONSERVAT, Bust type G, -/-//VXXT, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers: VIRTVS PROBI AV G, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (G)
revers: IOVI CONSERVAT, Emperor standing right, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left.
exerg: -/-//VXXT, diameter: 21,8-22,3mm, weight: 3,40g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, 3rd. emission, date: 277A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-388, p-60, Bust Type G,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_839var__112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG-(Gvar_)_CLEMENTIA-T-EMP_star_KA_Gamma__RIC-839var_Not-in-this_off__Serdica_2nd-em-277-AD_Q-001_6h_23,5mm_4,26g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 839var., Serdica, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-Gvar., *//KA•Γ•, Emperor and Jupiter. Rare !!!140 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 839var., Serdica, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-Gvar., *//KA•Γ•, Emperor and Jupiter. Rare !!!
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and small round shield. (G var).
revers: CLEMENTIA-T-EMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergo: *//KA•Γ•, diameter: 23,5mm, weight: 4,26g, axis: 6h,
mint: Serdica, 2nd. emiss., 3rd.off., date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-839var. Not in this avers legend with this bust type and officina,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-CM-AVR-PROBVS-INVICT-AVG-(F)_RESTITVTOR-ORBIS_MS_KAdotAdot_RIC-Not-in_C-Serdica_AD_Q-001_0h_22,5mm_3,51gxy-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 858var. (Not in RIC), Aufbau P. 46, Serdica, RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Bust-F/B, MS//KA•A•, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1, Rare !!!133 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 858var. (Not in RIC), Aufbau P. 46, Serdica, RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Bust-F/B, MS//KA•A•, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1, Rare !!!
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS INVICT AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Emperor standing right, holding the scepter, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding scepter.
exergo: MS//KA•A•, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,51g, axis: 0h,
mint: Serdica, date: 281 A.D., ref: Aufbau P. 46, RIC-V-II-858var., p-, Not in RIC !!!, Rare !!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_858var-Not_in,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_INVICT_AVG,_RESTITVTOR_ORBIS,_MS_KAdotAdot,_Serdica_5th-em,_281_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_22,5-24mm,_3,78g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 858var. (Not in RIC), Aufbau P. 46, Serdica, RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Bust-F/B, MS//KA•A•, Emperor, and Jupiter, #2, Rare !!!150 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 858var. (Not in RIC), Aufbau P. 46, Serdica, RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Bust-F/B, MS//KA•A•, Emperor, and Jupiter, #2, Rare !!!
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS INVICT AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Emperor standing right, holding the scepter, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding scepter.
exergo: MS//KA•A•, diameter: 22,5-24,0mm, weight: 3,78g, axis: 6h,
mint: Serdica, date: 281 A.D., ref: Aufbau P. 46, RIC-V-II-858var., p-, Not in RIC !!!, Rare !!!
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_XXI-S_Bust-C_RIC-905-p-117_Cyzicus_-AD_Q-001_5h_22-22,5mm_3,30g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, -/-//XXIS, Emperor and Jupiter,69 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, -/-//XXIS, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, draped bust right, seen from back. (A)
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg:-/-//XXIS, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,30g, axis: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 905, p-117,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_905_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_P_XXI-star_RIC-905_Cyzicus_1st-em_276-AD_Q-001_11h_22mm_3,89ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, P//XXI*, Emperor and Jupiter, #166 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, P//XXI*, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, draped bust right, seen from back. (A)
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg:P//XXI*, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,89g, axis: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 905, p-117,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_905_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_P_XXI-star_RIC-905_Cyzicus_1st-em_276-AD_Q-002_0h_22,5-23mm_3,76g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, P//XXI*, Emperor and Jupiter, #284 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, P//XXI*, Emperor and Jupiter, #2
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, draped bust right, seen from back. (A)
revers: CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg:P//XXI*, diameter: 22,5-23mm, weight: 3,76g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 905, p-117,
Q-002
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_T_XXI_RIC-905_Cyzicus_1st-em_276-AD_Q-001_6h_22,5-23,5mm_3,87g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, T//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #185 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, T//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, draped bust right, seen from back. (A)
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: T//XXI, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,87g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 905, p-117,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_905_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_XXI-T_Bust-C_RIC-905-p-117_Cyzicus_-AD_Q-001_6h_22,5-23,5mm_3,92g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, -/-//XXIT, Emperor and Jupiter,98 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, -/-//XXIT, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C),
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg:-/-//XXIT, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,92g, axis:6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 905, p-117,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_905_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_T_XXI_Bust-C_RIC-905_p-117_Cyzicus-1st-em_276-AD_Q-001_0h_21,5mm_4,04g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, T//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #195 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, T//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C),
revers: CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: T//XXI, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 4,04g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st. emission, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 905, p-117,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_920-1-3_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_Gamma_KA_RIC-920_p-120_Antioch_1st-em_off-3_280-AD_Q-001_6h_21mm_4,21g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 920-1-3, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), Γ//KA, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Globe, Rare!216 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 920-1-3, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), Γ//KA, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Globe, Rare!
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: Γ//KA, diameter: 20,5-21,0mm, weight: 4,59g, axis:7h,
mint: 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, 1st. em., 3rd. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 920-1-3, p-120,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_920-2-4,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_P_F_AVG_(C-A2),_CLEMENTIA_TEMP,_D-dot,_XXI,_Antioch,_2nd-em,_276_AD,_Q-001,_5h,_20,5-22mm,_3,28g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 920-2-4, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Δ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #168 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 920-2-4, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Δ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding scepter surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding scepter.
exergue: Δ•//XXI, diameter: 20,5-22,0mm, weight: 3,28g, axis: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd. emission "dotted series" 4th officina, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 920-2-4, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_920_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_H-dot_XXI_RIC-920_Antioch_2nd-em_280-AD_Q-001_11h_19,5-22mm_4,02g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 920-2-8, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), H•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1135 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 920-2-8, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), H•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding scepter surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding scepter.
exergue: H•//XXI, diameter: 19,5-22mm, weight: 4,02g, axis: 11h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd. emission "dotted series" 8th officina, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 920-2-8, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_921_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_B_XXI_RIC-921_p-120_Antioch_276-AD_Q-001_0h_21-23mm_3,3ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-2, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #173 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-2, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 21,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,30g, axis: 0h,
mint: Antioch, 1st. emission, 2nd. officina, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-1-2, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_921_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_B_XXI_RIC-921_p-120_Antioch_276-AD_Q-002_0h_20-21,6mm_3,71g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-2, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #2106 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-2, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #2
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 20,0-21,6mm, weight: 3,71g, axis: 0h,
mint: Antioch, 1st. emission, 2nd. officina, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-1-2, p-120,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_921_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_Delta_XXI_RIC-921_p-120_Antioch_276-AD_Q-001_6h_21,5-22,5mm_3,81ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-4, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Δ//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #183 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-4, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Δ//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: Δ//XXI, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,81g, axis: 6h,
mint: Antioch, 1st. emission, 4th. officina, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-1-4, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_921_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_E_XXI_RIC-921_p-120_Antioch_276-AD_Q-001_6h_21,1-22,1mm_4,42g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-5, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), E//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1106 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-5, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), E//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: E//XXI, diameter: 21,1-22,1mm, weight: 4,42g, axis: 6h,
mint: Antioch, 1st. emission, 5th. officina, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-1-5, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_921_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_E_XXI_RIC-921_p-120_Antioch_276-AD_Q-002_6h_21,4-22,3mm_3,94g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-5, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), E//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #2108 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-5, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), E//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #2
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: E//XXI, diameter: 21,4-22,3mm, weight: 3,94g, axis: 6h,
mint: Antioch, 1st. emission, 5th. officina, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-1-5, p-120,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_921_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_H_XXI_RIC-921_p-120_Antioch_276-AD_Q-001_0h_21,5-22,5mm_3,65ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-8, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), H//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1114 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-8, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), H//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: H//XXI, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,65g, axis: 0h,
mint: Antioch, 1st. emission, 8th officina, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-1-8, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_921_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_A_dot_XXI_RIC-921_p-120_Antioch_276-AD_Q-001_6h_21,5-22,0mm_4,65g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-1, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), A•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1142 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-1, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), A•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: A•//XXI, diameter: 21,5-22,0mm, weight: 4,65g, axis: 6h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd. emission "dotted series" 1st. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-2-1, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_921-2-1,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_AVG_(C-A2),_CLEMENTIA_TEMP,_A_dot_XXI,_p-120,_Antioch,_276-AD,_Q-002_6h_22,0-22,5mm_3,73g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-1, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), A•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #2108 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-1, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), A•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #2
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: A•//XXI, diameter: 22,0-22,5mm, weight: 3,73g, axis: 6h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd. emission "dotted series" 1st. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-2-1, p-120,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_921_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_Gamma_dot_XXI_RIC-921_p-120_Antioch_276-AD_Q-001_11h_20,0-24,3mm_4,16g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-3, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Γ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1152 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-3, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Γ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: Γ•//XXI, diameter: 20,0-24,3mm, weight: 4,16g, axis: 11h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd. emission "dotted series" 3rd. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-2-3, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_921-2-3,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_AVG_(C-A2),_CLEMENTIA_TEMP,_Gamma-dot,_XXI,_Antioch_2nd_em_,_3rd_off_,_276-77_AD,_Q-002,_0h,_21,0-21,5mm,_4,38g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-3, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Γ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #271 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-3, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Γ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #2
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: Γ•//XXI, diameter: 21,0-21,5mm, weight: 4,38g, axis: 0h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd. emission "dotted series" 3rd. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-2-3, p-120,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_921-2-3,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_AVG_(C-A2),_CLEMENTIA_TEMP,_Gamma-dot,_XXI,_Antioch_2nd_em_,_3rd_off_,_276-77_AD,_Q-003,_5h,_21-22mm,_4,59g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-3, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Γ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #370 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-3, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Γ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #3
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: Γ•//XXI, diameter: 21,0-22,0mm, weight: 4,59g, axis: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd. emission "dotted series" 3rd. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-2-3, p-120,
Q-003
quadrans
RIC_921_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_Delta_dot_XXI_RIC-921_p-120_Antioch_276-AD_Q-001_6h_21,5-22,5mm_4,55g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-4, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Δ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1109 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-4, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Δ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: Δ•//XXI, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 4,55g, axis: 6h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd. emission "dotted series" 4th. officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-2-4, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_921_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_E_dot_XXI_RIC-921_p-120_Antioch_276-AD_Q-001_11h_22,3-23,0mm_3,50g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-5, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), E•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1104 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-5, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), E•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: E•//XXI, diameter: 22,3-23,0mm, weight: 3,50g, axis: 11h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd. emission "dotted series" 5th. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-2-5, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_921_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_S-dot_XXI_RIC-921_p-120_Antioch_276-AD_Q-001_6h_20,8-22,8mm_3,61g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-6, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), S•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1150 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-6, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), S•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: S•//XXI, diameter: 20,8-22,8mm, weight: 3,61g, axis: 6h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd. emission "dotted series" 6th. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-2-6, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_Z__XXI_RIC-921_p-120_Antioch_280-AD_Q-001_11h_21,5-22,5mm_4,63ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-7, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Z•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #177 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-7, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Z•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: Z•//XXI, diameter: 20,5-21mm, weight: 4,09g, axis: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd. emission "dotted series" 7th. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-2-7, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_921-2-8,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_AVG_(C-A2),_CLEMENTIA_TEMP,_H-dot,_XXI,_Antioch_2nd_em_,_8th_off_,_276-77_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_21-22mm,_4,04g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-8, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), H•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1142 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-8, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), H•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding scepter surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding scepter.
exergue: H•//XXI, diameter: 21,0-22,0mm, weight: 4,04g, axis: 0h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd. emission "dotted series" 8th. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-2-8, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_Delta_XXI_RIC-922_p-120_Antioch_2nd-em_280-AD_Q-001_7h_20,5-21mm_4,59g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-2-8, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), Δ//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #166 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-2-8, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), Δ//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: Δ//XXI, diameter: 20,5-21,0mm, weight: 4,59g, axis:7h,
mint: 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, 2nd. em., "dottless series" 8th. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-2-8, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_Adot_XXI_RIC-922_Antioch_2nd-em_280-AD_Q-001_5h_20,5-21mm_4,09g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-1, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), A•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #178 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-1, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), A•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: A•//XXI, diameter: 20,5-21mm, weight: 4,09g, axis: 5h,
mint: 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, 3rd. em., "dotted series" 1st. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-1, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_A_XXI_RIC-922_Antioch_2nd-em_280-AD_Q-001_5h_21-21,5mm_4,22g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-1, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), A//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #172 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-1, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), A//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 4,22g, axis: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 3rd., emiss., "dotless series" 2nd., off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-1, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_922_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_Bdot_XXI_RIC-922_Antioch_2nd-em_280-AD_Q-001_6h_20,5-21,3mm_3,89gx-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-2, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), B•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1139 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-2, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), B•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: B•//XXI, diameter: 20,5-21,3mm, weight: 3,89g, axis: 6h,
mint: 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, 3rd. em., "dotted series" 2nd. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-2, p-120,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_922-3-2,_112_Probus,_Unsp_East_,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_P_F_AVG_(C-A2),_CLEMENTIA_TEMP,_Bdot_XXI,_(Antioch),_3rd_em_,_2nd_off_,_280-AD,_Q-002,_6h,_20,5-21,5mm,_3,69g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-2, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), B•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #2118 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-2, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), B•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #2
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: B•//XXI, diameter: 20,5-21,5mm, weight: 3,69g, axis: 6h,
mint: 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, 3rd. em., "dotted series" 2nd. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-2, p-120,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_922-3-3_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C-A2)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_B_XXI_Antioch_3rd-em_280-AD_Q-001_0h_21,5mm_3,71g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-2, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1103 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-2, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: B//XXI, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 3,71g, axis: 0h,
mint: Antioch, 3rd., emiss., "dotless series" 3rd., off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-2, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_922_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_Gamma_dot_XXI_RIC-922_4th-East_3rd-em_280-AD_Q-001_6h_21,5-22mm_3,91g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-3, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), Γ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1178 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-3, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), Γ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: Γ•//XXI, diameter: 21,5-22,0mm, weight: 3,91g, axis: 6h,
mint: 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, 3rd. em., "dotted series" 3rd. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-3, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_Gamma_XXI_RIC-922_Antioch_2nd-em_280-AD_Q-001_5h_20,5-21mm_3,70g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-3, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Γ//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #179 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-3, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Γ//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: Γ//XXI, diameter: 20,5-21mm, weight: 3,70g, axis: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 3rd., emiss., "dotless series" 4th., off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-3, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_Deltadot_XXI_RIC-922_Antioch_2nd-em_280-AD_Q-001_5h_21-22mm_2,93ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-4, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), Δ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #183 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-4, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), Δ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: Δ•//XXI, diameter: 21,0-22,0mm, weight: 2,93g, axis: 5h,
mint: 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, 3rd. em., "dotted series" 4th. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-4, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_922_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_Delta_XXI_RIC-922_Antioch_2nd-em_280-AD_Q-001_6h_20,5-22,8mm_4,26g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-4, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Δ//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1104 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-4, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Δ//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: Δ//XXI, diameter: 20,5-22,8mm, weight: 4,26g, axis:6h,
mint: Antioch, 3rd., emiss., "dotless series" 5th., off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-4, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_922_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_E_dot_XXI_RIC-922_Antioch_3rd-em_280-AD_Q-001_5h_20,9-21,5mm_3,53ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-5, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), Є•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1126 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-5, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), Є•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: Є•//XXI, diameter: 20,9-21,5mm, weight: 3,53g, axis: 5h,,
mint: 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, 3rd em."dotted series" 5th. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-5, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_922_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_E_dot_XXI_RIC-922_Antioch_3rd-em_280-AD_Q-002_6h_20,2-21,7mm_4,87g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-5, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), Є•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #2113 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-5, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), Є•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #2
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: Є•//XXI, diameter: 20,2-21,7mm, weight: 4,87g, axis: 6h,
mint: 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, 3rd em."dotted series" 5th. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922, p-120,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_922-3-5,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_P_F_AVG_(C-A),_CLEMENTIA_TEMP,_E_dot_XXI,_3rd_em_,_5th_off_,_Unsp_east_mint_,_280-AD,_Q-001_6h_20,3-21,2mm_3,93g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-5, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), Є•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #385 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-5, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), Є•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #3
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: Є•//XXI, diameter: 20,3-21,2mm, weight: 3,93g, axis: 6h,
mint: 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, 3rd em."dotted series" 5th. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-5, p-120,
Q-003
quadrans
RIC_922-3-5,_112_Probus,_Unsp_East_,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_P_F_AVG_(C-A2),_CLEMENTIA_TEMP,_Edot_XXI,_(Antioch),_3rd_em_,_5th_off_,_280-AD,_Q-004,_6h,_19,5-20,5mm,_4,22g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-5, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), Є•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #4213 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-5, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), Є•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #4
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding the sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: Є•//XXI, diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 4,22g, axis: 6h,
mint: 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, 3rd em."dotted series" 5th. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-5, p-120,
Q-004
quadrans
RIC_922_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_Epsilon_XXI_RIC-922_Antioch_2nd-em_280-AD_Q-001_5h_19,5-21,5mm_3,69g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-5, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), E//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1143 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-5, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), E//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: E//XXI, diameter: 19,5-21,5mm, weight: 3,69g, axis:5h,
mint: Antioch, 3rd., emiss., "dotless series" 6th., off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-5, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_922_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_Epsilon_XXI_RIC-922_Antioch_2nd-em_280-AD_Q-002_11h_21,8-22,9mm_4,03g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-5, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), E//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #2106 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-5, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), E//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #2
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: E//XXI, diameter: 21,8-22,9mm, weight: 4,03g, axis: 11h,
mint: Antioch, 3rd., emiss., "dotless series" 6th. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-5, p-120,
Q-002
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_Sdot_XXI_RIC-922_Antioch_2nd-em_280-AD_Q-001_1h_22,5mm_3,80g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-6, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), S•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #188 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-6, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), S•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: S•//XXI, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,80g, axis: 1h,
mint: 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, 3rd. em., "dotted series" 6th. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-6, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_922-3-6a,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_P_F_AVG_(C-A),_CLEMENTIA_TEMP,_digamma_dot_XXI,_3rd_em_,6ath_off_,_Unsp_east_mint_,_280-AD,_Q-001_6h_22mm_383g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-6a, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), ʕ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, Scarce! #1102 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-6a, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), ʕ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, Scarce! #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: ʕ•//XXI, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 3,83g, axis: 6h,
mint: 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, 3rd. em., "dotted series" 6ath. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-6a, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_922-3-6a,_112_Probus,_Unsp_East_,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_P_F_AVG_(C-A2),_CLEMENTIA_TEMP,_Digam_dot_XXI,_3rd_em_,6ath_off_,_280-AD,_Q-002,_6h,_21mm,_3,99ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-6a, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), ʕ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, Scarce! #2119 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-6a, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), ʕ•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, Scarce! #2
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding the sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: ʕ•//XXI, diameter: 21,0mm, weight: 3,99g, axis: 6h,
mint: 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, 3rd. em., "dotted series" 6ath. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-6a, p-120,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_922_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_Z_XXI_RIC-922_Antioch_2nd-em_280-AD_Q-001_10h_21,3-22,0mm_4,12g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-7, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Z//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1127 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-7, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Z//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: Z//XXI, diameter: 21,3-22 mm, weight: 4,12g, axis: 10h,
mint: Antioch, 3rd., emiss., "dotless series" 8th., off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-7, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_922-3-8,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_P_F_AVG_(C-A2),_CLEMENTIA_TEMP,__Z_XXI,_Antioch,_3rd_em_,_8th_off_,_280-AD,_Q-002_6h_20-22mm_3,79g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-7, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Z//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #283 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-7, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Z//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #2
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: Z//XXI, diameter: 20,0-22,0 mm, weight: 3,79g, axis: 6h,
mint: Antioch, 3rd., emiss., "dotless series" 8th., off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-7, p-120,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_922-3-8,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_P_F_AVG_(C-A2),_CLEMENTIA_TEMP,_H_XXI,_Antioch_3rd_em,_8th_off_,_280-AD,_Q-001,_11h,_19-21mm,_3,99g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-8, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), H//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #173 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-8, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), H//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: H//XXI, diameter: 19,0-21,0 mm, weight: 3,99g, axis: 11h,
mint: Antioch, 3rd., emiss., "dotless series" 8th., off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-8, p-120,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_EpsilonDelta_XXI_RIC-922_Antioch_2nd-em_280-AD_Q-001_6h_21,5-22mm_3,43g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-9, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), ΕΔ//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #164 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-9, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), ΕΔ//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: ΕΔ//XXI, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,43g, axis: 6h,
mint: Antioch, 3rd., emiss., "dotless series" 10th., off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-9, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_922_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_EpsilonDelta_XXI_RIC-922_Antioch_2nd-em_280-AD_Q-002_6h_21,0mm_3,86g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-9, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), ΕΔ//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #2126 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-9, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), ΕΔ//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #2
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: ΕΔ//XXI, diameter: 21,0mm, weight: 3,86g, axis:6 h,
mint: Antioch, 3rd., emiss., "dotless series" 10th., off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-9, p-120,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_927,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_P_F_AVG,_CLEMENTIA_T_EMP,_Star_XXI,_Bust-C,_p-121,_Tripolis_2nd_emiss,_280-AD,_Q-002_11h_20,5-23,0mm_3,68g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-1, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, *//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #1105 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-1, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, *//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C-A2)
reverse: CLEMENTIA T EMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle.
exergue: *//XXI, diameter: 20,5-23,0mm, weight: 3,68g, axes: 11h,
mint: Tripolis, date: 280 A.D., 2nd. emiss., ref: RIC V-II 927-2-1, p-121,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_927_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_CLEMENTIA-T-EMPdot_Star_XXI_Bust-C_RIC-927-p-121_Tripolis_2nd_emiss_280-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5mm_3,25g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-1a, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP•, Bust-C-A2, *//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #187 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-1a, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP•, Bust-C-A2, *//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C-A2)
reverse: CLEMENTIA T EMP•, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle.
exergue: *//XXI, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,25g, axes: 0h,
mint: Tripolis, date: 280 A.D., 2nd. emiss., ref: RIC V-II 927-2-1a, p-121,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_927_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_CLEMENTIA-T-EMPdot_Star_XXI_Bust-C_RIC-927-p-121_Tripolis_2nd_emiss_280-AD_Q-002_11h_21,7-23,1mm_4,48g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-1a, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP•, Bust-C-A2, *//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #2120 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-1a, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP•, Bust-C-A2, *//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #2
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C-A2)
reverse: CLEMENTIA T EMP•, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle.
exergue: *//XXI, diameter: 21,7-23,1mm, weight: 4,48g, axes:11 h,
mint: Tripolis, date: 280 A.D., 2nd. emiss., ref: RIC V-II 927-2-1a, p-121,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_927_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_CLEMEN-TIA-T-EMPdot_Crescent_KA_Bust-C_RIC-927-p-121_Tripolis_276-AD_Q-002_11h_21,2-22,0mm_4,26ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-2, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, U//KA, Emperor and Jupiter, #1100 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-2, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, U//KA, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C-A2)
reverse: CLEMENTIA T EMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle.
exergue: U//KA, diameter: 21,2-22,0mm, weight: 4,25g, axes: 11h,
mint: Tripolis, date: 276 A.D., 1st. emiss., ref: RIC V-II 927-2-2, p-121,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_927_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_CLEMEN-TIA-T-EMPdot_Crescent_KA_Bust-C_RIC-927-p-121_Tripolis_276-AD_Q-001_5h_20,5-21,5mm_3,32g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-2, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, U//KA, Emperor and Jupiter, #283 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-2, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, U//KA, Emperor and Jupiter, #2
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C-A2)
reverse: CLEMENTIA T EMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle.
exergue: U//KA, diameter: 20,5-21,5mm, weight: 3,32g, axes: 5h,
mint: Tripolis, date: 276 A.D., 1st. emiss., ref: RIC V-II 927-2-2, p-121,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_927_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_CLEMENTIA-T-EMPdot_wreath-up_XXI_Bust-C_RIC-927-p-121_Tripolis_2nd_emiss_280-AD_Q-001_5h_19-21mm_4,11g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-3, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, wreath-up//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #1145 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-3, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, wreath-up//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C-A2)
reverse: CLEMENTIA T EMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle, in upper center field wreath.
exergue: wreath-up//XXI, diameter: 19-21mm, weight: 4,11g, axes: 5h,
mint: Tripolis, date: 280 A.D., 2nd. emiss., ref: RIC V-II 927-2-3, p-121,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_927_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_CLEMENTIA-T-EMP_wreath-up_XXI_Bust-C_RIC-927-p-121_Tripolis_2nd_emiss_280-AD_Q-002,_5h,_21-22mm,_4,22g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-3, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, wreath-up//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #2123 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-3, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, wreath-up//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #2
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C-A2)
reverse: CLEMENTIA T EMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle, in upper center field wreath.
exergue: wreath-up//XXI, diameter: 21,0-22,0mm, weight: 4,22g, axes: 5h,
mint: Tripolis, date: 280 A.D., 2nd. emiss., ref: RIC V-II 927-2-3, p-121,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_927-2-3,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_P_F_AVG,_CLEMENTIA_T_EMP,_wreath-up,_XXI,_Tripolis_2nd_em_,_280_AD,_Q-003,_11h,_21-22,5mm,_3,75g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-3, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, wreath-up//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #384 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-3, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, wreath-up//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #3
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the back. (C-A2)
reverse: CLEMENTIA T EMP, Emperor standing right, holding the sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle, in upper center field wreath.
exergue: wreath-up//XXI, diameter: 21,0-22,5mm, weight: 3,75g, axes: 11h,
mint: Tripolis, date: 280 A.D., 2nd. emiss., ref: RIC V-II 927-2-3, p-121,
Q-003
quadrans
RIC_927-2-3,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_P_F_AVG,_CLEMENTIA_T_EMP,_wreath-up,_XXI,_Tripolis_2nd_em_,_280_AD,_Q-004,_5h,_20-23mm,_3,98g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-3, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, wreath-up//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #496 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 927-2-3, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, wreath-up//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #4
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the back. (C-A2)
reverse: CLEMENTIA T EMP, Emperor standing right, holding the scepter, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle, in upper center field wreath.
exergue: wreath-up//XXI, diameter: 20,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,98g, axes: 5h,
mint: Tripolis, date: 280 A.D., 2nd. emiss., ref: RIC V-II 927-2-3, p-121,
Q-004
quadrans
112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Tripolis,_RIC_V-II_928,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_AVG,_CLEMENTIA_TEMP,_Crescent_KA,_em-1,off-2,_276AD,_Q-004,_5h,_22,0-22,5mm,_3,34g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 928-1-2, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, U//KA, Emperor and Jupiter, #4148 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 928-1-2, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, U//KA, Emperor and Jupiter, #4
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C-A2)
reverse: CLEMENTIA T EMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle.
exergue: U//KA, diameter: 22,0-22,5mm, weight: 3,34g, axes: 5h,
mint: Tripolis, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 928-1-2, p-121,
Q-004
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG_CLEMEN-TIA-T-EMP_Crescent_KA_Bust-C_RIC-928-p-121_Tripolis_276-AD_Q-001_axis-11h_23,5mm_3,40g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 928-1-2, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, U//KA, Emperor and Jupiter, #1105 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 928-1-2, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, U//KA, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C-A2)
reverse: CLEMENTIA T EMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle.
exergue: U//KA, diameter: 23,5mm, weight: 3,40g, axes: 11h,
mint: Tripolis, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 928-1-2, p-121,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_928_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG_CLEMEN-TIA-T-EMP_Crescent_KA_Bust-C_RIC-928-p-121_Tripolis_276-AD_Q-002_11h_21,5-23,5mm_4,02g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 928-1-2, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, U//KA, Emperor and Jupiter, #2137 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 928-1-2, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, U//KA, Emperor and Jupiter, #2
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C-A2)
reverse: CLEMENTIA T EMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle.
exergue: U//KA, diameter: 21,5-23,5mm, weight: 4,02g, axes: 11h,
mint: Tripolis, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 928-1-2, p-121,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_928_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG_CLEMEN-TIA-T-EMP_Crescent_KA_Bust-C_RIC-928-p-121_Tripolis_276-AD_Q-003_11h_22,5-23,5mm_4,63g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 928-1-2, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, U//KA, Emperor and Jupiter, #3135 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 928-1-2, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, U//KA, Emperor and Jupiter, #3
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C-A2)
reverse: CLEMENTIA T EMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle.
exergue: U//KA, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 4,63g, axes: 11h,
mint: Tripolis, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 928-1-2, p-121,
Q-003
quadrans
112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Tripolis,_RIC_V-II_928,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_AVG,_CLEMENTIA_TEMPdot,_Crescent_KA,_em-1,off-2,_276AD,_Q-001,_5h,_21,0-23,0mm,_3,05g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 928-1-2a, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP•, Bust-C-A2, U//KA, Emperor and Jupiter, #1144 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 928-1-2a, Tripolis, CLEMENTIA TEMP•, Bust-C-A2, U//KA, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C-A2)
reverse: CLEMENTIA T EMP•, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle.
exergue: U//KA, diameter: 21,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,05g, axes: 5h,
mint: Tripolis, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 928-1-2a, p-121,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(G)_CLEMENTIA-T-EMP_star_KAGamma_RIC-Not-in_Serdica_2nd-em-276-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_23,5mm_4,26ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in, Serdica, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-G, *//KAΓ, Emperor and Jupiter. Rare !!!139 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in, Serdica, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-G, *//KAΓ, Emperor and Jupiter. Rare !!!
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and small round shield. (G var).
revers:- CLEMENTIA-T-EMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergo: *//KAΓ, diameter: 23,5mm, weight: 4,26g, axis: 6h,
mint: Serdica, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-Not in, 2nd emission,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_xxx-x-x,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_P_F_AVG_(C-A2),_CLEMENTIA_TEMP,_G-dot,_KA,Tripolis_,_276_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_21mm,_3,06g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II xxx-x-x, Tripolis(?), CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, Γ•//KA, Emperor and Jupiter, #185 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II xxx-x-x, Tripolis(?), CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C-A2, Γ•//KA, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C-A2)
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding scepter, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
exergue: Γ•//KA, diameter: 21,0mm, weight: 3,06g, axes: 6h,
mint: Tripolis(?), date: 276 A.D., 1st. emiss., ref: RIC V-II xxx-x-x, p-121,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_647var__A_018_No_002_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_CLEMENTIA-T-EMP_Delta_XXI_Bust-F_RIC-647v__p-86_Alf-18-No-2_Siscia-8th-emiss_281-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0018.0002, Δ//XXI, Bust B/F, RIC V-II 647, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #180 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0018.0002, Δ//XXI, Bust B/F, RIC V-II 647, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B/F).
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding the sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: Δ//XXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, 8th. emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 647, p-86, Alföldi 0018.0002,
Q-001
quadrans
112- Constantine-20.JPG
112- Constantine The Great -2042 viewsSilvered AE3, 317-320 AD, Cyzicus mint.
Obv: IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate bust left wearing imperial mantle and holding globe and mappa.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and sceptre. Wreath left A right.
SMK in exergue.
17mm, 3.1gm.
Mule, RIC 8 Obv, RIC 10-12 Rev.
jdholds
Rep_AR-Den_Cn_Blasio,Cornelia_CN_BLASIO_CN_F-wreath_Juno-Jupiter-Minerva_below-ROMA_Gamma_Crawford-296-1e_Syd-561b_Rome_111-12-BC_Q-001_axis-9h_17,5-19mm_3,99g-s.jpg
112-111 B.C., Cn.Cornelius Cn.F. Blasio, AR-Denarius, Crawford 296/1e, Rome,83 viewsCn.Cornelius Cn.F. Blasio (112-111 B.C.), AR-Denarius, Crawford 296/1e, Rome,
avers: CN•BLASIO•CN•F, Helmeted head of Mars right (Corinthian helmet), above the star, behind wreath.
reverse: Jupiter standing facing between Juno and Minerva, in the field Υ, below ROMA.
exergue: -/-//ROMA, diameter: 17,5-19mm, weight: 3,99g, axis: 9h,
mint: Rome, date: 111-112 B.C., ref: Crawford 296/1e, Sydenham 561b,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_118C_Carus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_CARVS_P_F_AVG,_CLEMENTIA_TEMP,_E_XXI,_Cyzicus,_3rd_em,_282AD,_Q-001,_6h,_22mm,_2,90g-s.jpg
113 Carus (282-283 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 118C, Cyzicus, Є//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1136 views113 Carus (282-283 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 118C, Cyzicus, Є//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR CARVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right. (C)
revers: CLEMENTIA TEMP, emperor standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, Є between, XXI in ex.,
exerg: Є//XXI, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 2,90g, axes: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3th. emiss., date:282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 118C, p-149,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_118C_Carus-1a-s.jpg
113 Carus (282-283 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 118C, Cyzicus, Δ//XXI, CLEMENTIA•TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #183 views113 Carus (282-283 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 118C, Cyzicus, Δ//XXI, CLEMENTIA•TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-CARVS-P-F-AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right. (C)
revers: CLEMENTIA-•-TEMP, emperor standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, Δ between, XXI in ex.,
exerg: Δ//XXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3th. emiss., date:282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 118C, p-149,
Q-001
quadrans
Numerianus_AE-Ant_RIC-V-II-410_p-195_7th-off_Rome_-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 410C, Rome, -/-//KAB, IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter standing left,78 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 410C, Rome, -/-//KAB, IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- IMP-NVMERIANVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI-VI-CTORI, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; eagle to left.
exerg: -/-//KAB, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 7th officinae, date: 283-284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 410C, p-195,
Q-001
quadrans
Numerianus_AE-Ant_IMP-NVMERIANVS-AVG_IOVI-VICTORI_KAB_RIC-V-II-410F_p-195_3rd-emiss_7th-off_Rome_283-AD_Q-001_5h_20-21,5mm_3,61g-s.jpg
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 410F, Rome, -/-//KAB, IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter standing left,155 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 410F, Rome, -/-//KAB, IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers: IMP-NVMERIANVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers: IOVI-VI-CTORI, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; eagle to left.
exerg: -/-//KAB, diameter: 20-21,5mm, weight: 3,61g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, 3rd emiss, 7th officinae, date: 283A.D., ref: RIC V-II 410F, p-195,
Q-001
quadrans
114- Constantine-22.JPG
114- Constantine The Great -22-S46 viewsAE Follis, 313-317 AD , Nicomedia mint.
Obv: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing holding Victory on globe and sceptre. Eagle at feet with wreath in beak, Z right.
SMN in exergue.
21mm, 3.1gm.
RIC12
jdholds
RI_115p_img.jpg
115 - Postumus - Antoninianus - RIC 0724 viewsObv:– IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI PROPVGNATORI, Jupiter walking left, head turned right, hurling thunderbolt.
Reference– RIC 72. RSC 155a

3.49 gms, 23.07mm. 180 degrees.
maridvnvm
RIC_V-II_206F_Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP_C_M_AVR_CARINVS_NOB_C_(F),_VIRTVS_AVG_G,_Gamma_XXI,_1th_em_Antioch_282-AD_Q-001_7h_20,5-23,0mm_3,42g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Antioch, Γ//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1104 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Antioch, Γ//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR CARINVS NOB C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers:- VIRT VS A VG G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). Γ in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 20,5-23,0mm, weight: 3,42g, axes: 7h,
mint: Antioch, em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 206F, p-164,
Q-001
quadrans
Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C-(F)_VIRTVS-AVG-G_B_XXI_RIC-V-II-206-p-164-9th-off_Siscia,_282-83-AD_Q-001_5h_22mm_3,58ga-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #173 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers:- VIRT-VS-A-VG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). B in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,58g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-206F, p-164,
Q-001
quadrans
Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C-(F)_VIRTVS-AVG-G_B_XXI_RIC-V-II-206-p-164-9th-off_Siscia_282-83-AD_Q-002_0h_21mm_3,24gx-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #266 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #2
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers:- VIRT-VS-A-VG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). B in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,24g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-206F, p-164,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_V-II_314F_Carinus_AE-Ant_M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES_VIRTVS-AVG-G_A_XXI_RIC-V--p-RIC-T--rd-off-iss-_Siscia_271-AD__Q-001_-h_23-24mm_4,21ga-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, A//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor, and Jupiter, #167 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, A//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F)
reverse: VIRTVS AVG G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). A lower in the center, XXI in ex.
exergue: A//XXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 5th. em., date: 285 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 314F,
Q-001
quadrans
115_Carinus,_Siscia,_RIC_V-II_314F,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_CARINVS_P_F_AVG,_IOVI_CONSER,_B,_SMSXXI,_6th__em_,_284_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_21-23mm,_3,57g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, B//SMSXXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor, and Jupiter, #196 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, B//SMSXXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F)
reverse: IOVI CONSER, Carinus standing right receiving Globe from Jupiter standing left.
exergue: B//SMSXXI, diameter: 21,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,57g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 6th. em., date: 284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 314F,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
RIC_V-II_327F_Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-P-F-AVG-(F)_VIRTVS-AV_-GG_E_XXI_RIC-V-II-325F-3rd-em_Antioch_283-AD_Q-001_5h_19-20mm_4,02g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 325F, Antioch, *E//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1163 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 325F, Antioch, *E//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F)
revers: VIRTVS-AVG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). Star over victory, E in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: *E//XXI, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 4,02g, axes: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 3rd. emiss. date: 283 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-325F,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
115- Constantine-23.JPG
115- Constantine The Great -23-S37 viewsAE Follis, 313-317 AD , Heraclea mint.
Obv: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing holding Victory on globe and sceptre. Eagle at feet with wreath in beak, G right.
SMHT in exergue.
24mm, 3.0gm.
RIC5
jdholds
119_Diocletianus,_Antioch,_RIC_V-II_322,_AE-Ant_IMP_C_C_VAL_DIOCLETIANVS_P_F_AVG_CONCORDIA_MILI_TVM,_H_XXI,_p-256,_293-5AD_Q-001_0h_21-21,5mm_3,99g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Antioch, RIC V-II 322C, AE-Antoninianus, H//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter, #1100 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Antioch, RIC V-II 322C, AE-Antoninianus, H//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MILI TVM, Emperor standing right, holding short sceptre or parazonium, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding long sceptre.
exerg: H//XXI, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight:3,99g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, date: 293-295 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 322C, p-256,
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILI-TVM_I_XXI_Antioch-RIC-V-II-322-C-p-256_293-295-AD_Q-001_5h_21mm_3,34gx-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Antioch, RIC V-II 322C, AE-Antoninianus, I//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter, #165 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Antioch, RIC V-II 322C, AE-Antoninianus, I//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MILI TVM, Emperor standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: I//XXI, diameter:21mm, weight:3,34g, axes: 5h,
mint: Antioch, date: 293-295 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 322C, p-256,
Q-001
quadrans
119_Diocletianus,_Cyzicus,_RIC_V-II_306A,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_C_VAL_DIOCLETIANVS_AVG,_CONCORDIA_MIL_ITVM_,_A_XXI_,_AD,_Q-001,_1h,_20,5-22,0mm,_3,84g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC V-II 306A, AE-Antoninianus, A//XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM•, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1125 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC V-II 306A, AE-Antoninianus, A//XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM•, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: CONCORDIA MILI TVM•, Emperor standing right, holding short scepter or parazonium, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding long scepter.
exergue: A//XXI•, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight:4,29g, axes: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: A.D., ref: RIC V-II 306A, p-253,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
119_Diocletianus_(284-305_A_D_),_Cyzicus,_RIC_V-II_306,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_C_VAL_DIOCLETIANVS_AVG,_CONCORDIA_MIL_ITVM,_G_XXI,_p-253,_-AD,_Q-001,_6h,_21-21,5mm,_4,29g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC V-II 306C, AE-Antoninianus, Γ//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1124 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC V-II 306C, AE-Antoninianus, Γ//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MILI TVM, Emperor standing right, holding short scepter or parazonium, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding long scepter.
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight:4,29g, axes: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: A.D., ref: RIC V-II 306C, p-253,
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-PF-AVG_CONCORDIA-MIL-ITVM_HE_dotXXIdot_Heraclea-RIC-V-II-284-p-249_292-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_22mm_4,28g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC V-II 284, AE-Antoninianus, HE//•XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,#1279 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC V-II 284, AE-Antoninianus, HE//•XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,#1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MIL ITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian.
exerg: HE//•XXI•, diameter: 22 mm, weight: 4,28 g, axes: 0 h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 292 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 284, p-249,
Q-001
quadrans
119_Diocletianus_(284-305_A_D_),_Heraclea,_RIC_V-II_284,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_C_VAL_DIOCLETIANVS_P_F_AVG,_CONCORDIA_MIL_ITVM,_HE__XXI_,_p-249,_292-AD,_Q-001,_11h,_20-21mm,_3,84g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC V-II 284, AE-Antoninianus, HE//•XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,#2109 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC V-II 284, AE-Antoninianus, HE//•XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,#2
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MIL ITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian.
exerg: HE//•XXI•, diameter: 20,0-21,0 mm, weight: 3,84g, axes: 11h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 292 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 284, p-249,
Q-002
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-DIOCLETIANVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVAT-AVG_XXI-Gamma_Siscia-RIC-V-II-161-p-236_286-7-AD_Q-001_7h_18,5-21,5mm_2,00g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Roma, RIC V-II 161, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//XXIΓ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG, Jupiter standing left, #1164 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Roma, RIC V-II 161, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//XXIΓ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG (5-F), Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVAT AVG, Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: -/-//XXIΓ, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 2,15 g, axes: -h,
mint: Roma, date: 286-7 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 161, p-236,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
119_Diocletianus,_Siscia,_RIC_V-II_255,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_DIOKLETIANVS_AVG,_CLEMENTIA_TEMP,_A_XXI,_288AD,_Q-001,_0h,_22-23mm,_3,48g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 255, AE-Antoninianus, A//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Diocletian and Jupiter standing facing each other, #1144 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 255, AE-Antoninianus, A//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Diocletian and Jupiter standing facing each other, #1
avers: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle (Consular bust), holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right holding spear and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, A between them.
exergue: A//XXI, diameter: 22-23 mm, weight: 3,48 g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 288 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 255, p-247, C-479,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_A-XXIdotIdot_Siscia-RIC-V-II-263-p-247_C-42_289-90-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-7h_23-23,5mm_3,27g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 263, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//AXXI•I•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, Scarce! #192 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 263, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//AXXI•I•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, Scarce! #1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, each holding a sceptre, standing facing each other by an altar.
exerg: -/-//AXXI•I•, diameter: 23-23,5 mm, weight: 3,27 g, axes: 7h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-90 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 263, p-247, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-PF-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVGG_dot-A-dot_XXI-dot-I-dot_Siscia-RIC-V-II-263var-p-247-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_22-24mm_3,18g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 263v, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//•A•XXI•I•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, Scarce! #183 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 263v, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//•A•XXI•I•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, Scarce! #1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, each holding a sceptre, standing facing each other by an altar.
exerg: -/-//•A•XXI•I•, diameter: 22-24 mm, weight: 3,18 g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-90 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 263v, p-247, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_dotAdotXXIdotIdot_Siscia-RIC-V-II-263-p-247_C-42_289-90-AD_Scarce_Q-001_6h_22,5-23mm_3,54g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 263v, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//•A•XXI•I•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, Scarce! #292 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 263v, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//•A•XXI•I•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, Scarce! #2
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, each holding a sceptre, standing facing each other by an altar.
exerg: -/-//•A•XXI•I•, diameter: 22,5-23 mm, weight: 3,54 g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-90 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 263v, p-247, Scarce!
Q-002
quadrans
119_Diocletianus,_Siscia,_RIC_V-II_263,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_C_VAL_DIOCLETIANVS_P_F_AVG,_CONSERVATOR_AV_G_G,_-_G__XXI_BI_,_289-90_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_22-24mm,_3,68g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 263v., AE-Antoninianus, -/Γ//•XXI•BI•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian, and Jupiter, Scarce! #166 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 263v., AE-Antoninianus, -/Γ//•XXI•BI•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian, and Jupiter, Scarce! #1
avers: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR AV•(?)G G, Diocletian and Jupiter, each holding a sceptre, standing facing each other by an altar.
exergue: -/Γ//•XXI•BI•, diameter: 22,0-24,0 mm, weight: 3,68 g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-90 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 263v., p-247, Scarce!
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Diocletianus_-RIC-V-II-270_0h_22-23mm_3,55ga-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 270, AE-Antoninianus, A/-//XXI, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, #194 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 270, AE-Antoninianus, A/-//XXI, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG (1-C), Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: A/-//XXI, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,55 g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 287 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 270, p-248,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_HA_RIC-VI-13A-p-530_Heraclea_295-296-AD_Q-001_6h_19,5-20,5mm_2,89g-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VI 013A, AE-Antoninianus, HA//--, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter, #183 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VI 013A, AE-Antoninianus, HA//--, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: CONCORDIA MILI TVM, Emperor standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: HA//--, diameter:19,5-20,5mm, weight:2,89g, axes: 0h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 295-296 A.D., ref: RIC VI 013A, p-530,
Q-001
quadrans
119a.jpg
119a licinius. AE follis 3.1gm26 viewsobv: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG rad. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: IOVI CONS_ERVATORI Jupiter std. l. ening on scepter with eagle, victor on globe in r. hand. eagle at feet. captive on ground
ex: -x/-IIr//SMNB
hill132
119c.jpg
119c Licinus I. AE follis 3.8gm23 viewsobv: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: IOVI CONS_ERVATORI AVGG Jupiter std. l. holding Victory on globe and scepter, eagle at feet
ex: -(delta)//SMHT
hill132
119e.jpg
119e Licinius I. AE follis 3.6gm16 viewsobv: IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: IOVI CON_SERVATORI Jupiter std. l. leaning n scepter, victory on globe in r. hand, eagle at feet
ex: -r//SIS
hill132
119f.jpg
119f Licinius I. AE follis 3.8gm22 viewsobv: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: IOVI CONSER_VATORI AVGG Jupiter std. l. holding victory on globe, eagle at feet
ex: -r//SMHT
hill132
119g.jpg
119g Licinius I. AE follis 3.5gm20 viewsobv: IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: IOVI CON_SERVATORI Jupiter std. l. holding victory on globe, at feet eagle
ex: -B//SIS
hill132
119h.jpg
119h17 viewsobv: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: IOVI CONS_ERVATORI Jupiter std. l. holding victory on globe, eagle at feet
-N/epsilon//SMN
hill132
119i.jpg
119i Licinius I. AE follis 19 viewsobv: IMP C LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG rad. cuir. bust r.
rev: IOVI CONS_ERVATORI Jupiter std. l. holding victory on globe, eagle at feet
ex: -+/III//SMHA
hill132
119k_new.jpg
119k Licinius I. AE follis21 viewsobv: IMP LICI_NIVS AVG laur. bust L. wearing imperial mantle, holding scepter, mappa and globe
erv: IOVI CONS_ERVATORI AVGG Jupiter std. l. holding victory on globe and scepter
ex: (wreath)-Z//SMK.
hill132
120.jpg
120 Lcinius II. AE follis 3.1gm19 viewsobv: DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG helm. cuir. bust r., holding spear and shield
rev: IOVI CONS_ERVATORI Jupiter std. l. holding victory on globe and scepter with eagle, eagle l. and captive r. at feet
ex: -+/-IIr//SMNA
hill132
120_Maximianus-Herculeus,_Antioch,_RIC_V-II_621,_AE-Silvered-Ant,_IMP_C_M_A_MAXIMIANVS_P_F_AVG,_CONCORDIA_MIL_ITVM,_H_XXI,_p-294,_293-AD,_Q-001,_1h,_21,0-22,3mm,_4,08g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC V-II 621, AE-Ant., H//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1115 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC V-II 621, AE-Ant., H//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Maximianus, H between.
exerg: H//XXI, diameter: 21,0-22,3mm, weight: 4,08g, axes: 1h,
mint: Antioch, date:293 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-621, p-294,
Q-001
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Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Silvered-Ant_IMP-C-M-A-MAXIMIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_Delta_XXI-dot_RIC-V-II-607_p-289_Heraclea-292-95-AD_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC V-II 607, AE-Ant., Δ//XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #176 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC V-II 607, AE-Ant., Δ//XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MI LITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Maximianus.
exerg: Δ//XXI•, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 3,81g, axes: 0h,
mint: Heraclea, date:292-295 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-607, p-289,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus_Q004_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC V-II 506, AE-Ant., -/-//XXIZ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG G, Jupiter standing left, #183 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC V-II 506, AE-Ant., -/-//XXIZ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG G, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVAT AVG G, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 20-22mm, weight: 3,03g, axes: 6h,
mint:Rome , date: 285-286 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-506, C-355,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Silvered-Ant_IMP-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_PRIMIS-Xdot-MVLTIS-XX_XXI-Z_RIC-V-II-Not_in__p-_Rome-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC V-II Not in !!!, AE-Ant., -/-//XXIZ, PRIMIS X•MVLTIS XX, Jupiter standing left, Extremely Rare! #197 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC V-II Not in !!!, AE-Ant., -/-//XXIZ, PRIMIS X•MVLTIS XX, Jupiter standing left, Extremely Rare! #1
avers:- IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle. (8,H).
revers:- PRIMIS X•MVLTIS XX, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 2,20mm, weight: 3,21g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-V-II- Not in !!!, p-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
120_Maximianus-Herculeus,_Heraclea,_RIC_V-II_575b,_AE-Silvered-Ant,_IMP_C_M_A_MAXIMIANVS_P_F_AVG,_CLEMENTIA_T_EMP,_B_XXI,_p-286,_287-AD,_Q-001_6h_21,0-22,5mm_4,07g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 575, AE-Ant., B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Maximian and Jupiter,138 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 575, AE-Ant., B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Maximian and Jupiter,
avers: IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, bust right.
reverse: CLEMENTIA T EMP, Emperor standing left receiving Victory on globe from soldier, B in lower centre.
exergue: B//XXI, diameter: 21,0-22,5mm, weight: 4,07g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 287 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 575A, p-286,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-_IMP-MAXIMIANVS-P-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVATORI_RIC-V-II--p_C-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_16mm_1,42g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II Not in, AE-Quinarius, -/-//--, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, Extremly Rare!97 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II Not in, AE-Quinarius, -/-//--, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, Extremly Rare!
avers:- IMP MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONS ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16mm, weight: 1,42g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia , date: 285-286 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-Not in, C-Not in,
Q-001

"The quinar of maximianus you last showed is also of Siscia mint.
Your coin is the 2nd known.
Paris has another coin in outstanding condition with the same set of dies.
Companions coins for Diocletian also exist. One of them is published and illustrated in Cathy King's publication on Roman Quinarii > Siscia 2 a ( Zagreb collection ) with the same reverse die as your coin !
All these quinarii from Siscia with larger busts ( in my opinion datation around 288-9 AD ) are very rare." by Helveticus, Thank you Helveticus
quadrans
Maximianus_Q-006_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 559, AE-Ant., -/-//PXXIT, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, #172 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 559, AE-Ant., -/-//PXXIT, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: -/-//PXXIT, diameter: 20,5-23mm, weight: 3,43g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 288 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 599,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A_VAL-MAXIMIANVS-AVG(4)_IOVI-CONSERVAT(C)_S-XXI-T_RIC-V-II-559-p284_C-332_Ticinum_288-AD_Q-001_6h_19-21mm_3,08g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 559, AE-Ant., -/-//SXXIT, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, #179 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 559, AE-Ant., -/-//SXXIT, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exergo: -/-//SXXIT, diameter: 19-21mm, weight: 3,08g, axis: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 288-89 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-559, p-284, C-332,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG-(_)_IOVI-CONSERVAT-(F)_TXXIT_RIC-V-II-560var-p-284_C-332_Ticinum_290-AD_Q-001_5h_20-23,5mm_3,22ga-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 560var., AE-Ant., -/-//TXXIT, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, eagle, #1132 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 560var., AE-Ant., -/-//TXXIT, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, eagle, #1
avers:- IMP C M VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, head right, holding thunderbolt and spear, two standards behind, eagle at feet left.
exergo: -/-//TXXIT, diameter: 20-23,5mm, weight: 3,22g, axis: 5h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-560var ???, p-284,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Maximianus_AE-Ant_Q-005_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VI 046b, AE-Ant., B//ALE, CONCORDIA MILITVVM, Emperor and Jupiter,89 views120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VI 046b, AE-Ant., B//ALE, CONCORDIA MILITVVM, Emperor, and Jupiter,
avers: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: CONCORDIA MI LITVM, Prince standing right on left, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter to right, holding scepter.
exergue: B//ALE, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,20g, axes: 6h,
mint: Alexandria, date: , ref: RIC VI 046b, ,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
121_Constantius_I__Heraclea_RIC_VI_015,_AE-Follis,_FL_VAL_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES,_CONCORDIA_MILITVM,_HB,_p-531,_295-6_AD_Q-001_0h_20,5-22,5mm_3,68g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VI 015, AE-Radiate Fraction, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Constantius and Jupiter #187 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VI 015, AE-Radiate Fraction, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Constantius and Jupiter #1
avers:- FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MILI TVM, Constantius standing facing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing opposite and holding sceptre, H B in lower centre.
exerg: HB//--, diameter: 20,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,68g, axes: 0h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 298 A.D., ref: RIC VI 015, p-351,
Q-001
quadrans
121k.jpg
121k Constantine I. AE follis 4.0gm29 viewsobv: IMP C CONSTANTINVS PF AVGG laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: IOVI CONSERVATORIA AVG NN Jupiter std. l. holding Victory on globe and scepter, eagle at feet, wreath in beak
ex: .TS.(epsilon).
hill132
121o.jpg
121o Constantine I. AE follis 3.5gm29 viewsobv: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: IOVI CONS_ERVATORI Jupiter std. l. holding victory on globe and scepter, eagle with wreath at feet
ex: -(epsilon)/SMN
1 commentshill132
121q.jpg
121q Constantine I. AE follis 18 viewsobv: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINO PF INV AVG laur. head r.
rev: IOVI CONS_ERVATORI Jupiter std. l. holding globe and scepter
ex: (wreath)/HTA
hill132
121t.jpg
121t Constantine I. AE follis 15 viewsobv: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: IOVI CONS_ERVATORI Jupiter std. l. holding victory on globe and scepter, eagle at feet
ex: -r/SMN
hill132
RI 122b img.jpg
122 - Claudius II Gothicus Ant. - RIC 05434 viewsObv:– IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter standing left, holding staff and thunderbolt
Minted in Rome
Reference:– RIC 54
maridvnvm
125_BC-_Man__Acilius_Balbus_,_Roma_head_r__BALBVS_beh__ROMA,_MN·ACILI,_Jupiter_and_Victory_quadriga_r_,_Crawf_271-1__Syd_498__Acilia_1,_Q-001_h,_mm,_g-s.jpg
123 B.C., Man. Acilius Balbus., AR-Denarius, Crawford 271/1, Rome, Jupiter and Victory in quadriga right, -/-//MN•ACILI, 150 views123 B.C., Man. Acilius Balbus., AR-Denarius, Crawford 271/1, Rome, Jupiter and Victory in quadriga right, -/-//MN•ACILI,
avers:- Helmeted head of Roma right within laurel wreath, BALBVS (AL ligate) behind, ROMA below, Ӿ below chin.
revers: - Jupiter and Victory in galloping quadriga right, wheel below, MN•ACILI in exergue.
exerg: -/-//MN•ACILI, diameter:18,5 mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 123 B.C., ref: Crawford-271/1_Sydenham-498, Acilia 1,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Fabi~0.jpg
124 BC* Q Fabius Labeo61 viewsHelmeted head of Roma right, X below chin LABEO before ROMA behind


Jupiter in Quadriga right brandishing thunderbolt, rostrum below Q FABI in ex

Rome 124 BC

3.92g

Sear 148
1 commentsJay GT4
RI 125k img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 225 Bust Type F32 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSER, Emperor standing right with scepter accepting globe from Jupiter
Minted in Siscia (*P in exe)
Reference:– RIC 225 Bust Type F
maridvnvm
RI 125p img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 225 Bust Type F39 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSER, Emperor standing right with scepter accepting globe from Jupiter
Minted in Siscia (*S in exe)
Reference:– RIC 225 Bust Type F
maridvnvm
0010-063.jpg
1273 - L. Procilius L.F., Denarius81 viewsRome mint, 80 BC
Laureate head of Jupiter right, S . C behind
Juno Sospita right holding spear and shield. A snake at her feet. L . PROC[ILI/F] behind
3.77 gr
Ref : RCV # 306, RSC, Procilia # 1
3 commentsPotator II
Maximinus-II__AE-Follis_MAXIMINVS-PF-AVG_IOVI-CONSE-RVATORI_wreath-B_dotSMdotTSdot_RIC-VI-50a-p-518_312-AD-Thessa_Q-001_axis-0h_23,5-24,5mm_4,15g-s.jpg
128 Maximinus II. "Daia" (305-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 310-313 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VI 050a, AE-1, wreath/B//•SM•TS•, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,208 views128 Maximinus II. "Daia" (305-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 310-313 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VI 050a, AE-1, wreath/B//•SM•TS•, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- IOVI CONSE RVATORI, Jupiter standing left,
exerg: wreath/B//•SM•TS•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Thessalonica, date:312 A.D., ref: RIC VI 50a, p-518,
Q-001
quadrans
12e-Constantine-The-061b.jpg
12e. Constantine: Thessalonica follis.17 viewsFollis, 312 - 313, Thessalonica mint.
Obverse: IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN / Jupiter standing, chlamys over left shoulder, holding Victory on globe, leaning on sceptre. Eagle with wreath in its beak at his feet.
Mint mark: . TS . Γ .
2.95 gm., 25 mm.
RIC #61b; PBCC #872; Sear #15972.
Callimachus
12g-Constantine-Her-075.jpg
12g. Constantine: Heraclea follis.35 viewsFollis, 313 - 314, Heraclea mint.
Obverse: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG / Jupiter standing, chlamys over left shoulder, holding Victory on globe, leaning on sceptre. Eagle with wreath in its beak at his feet. E in right field.
Mint mark: SMHT
3.95 gm., 22 mm.
RIC #75 (vol VI) and #5 (vol VII); Sear #15958.

This coin seems to be listed twice in RIC: #75 in Volume VI, and #5 in Volume VII.

RIC Volume VI (page 541) assigns this coin to the year 313, just before Maximinus (Daza) occupied the city of Heraclea for a month or so, during which he issued his own different coinage.

RIC Volume VII (page 542) assigns the coin to the period of time just after Maximinus withdrew from Heraclea and into the year 314. Page 533 says the coinage from before Maximinus' occupation continued after his withdrawal "with exactly the same reverse as before the occupation."

I can not tell the difference between these two listings and have to conclude they are the same coin. Either way, it is a nice coin from turbulent times in the history of Heraclea. The original silvering is still under that patina.
Callimachus
12m-Constantine-Ale-006.jpg
12m. Constantine: Alexandria follis.18 viewsFollis, 314 - 315, Alexandria mint.
Obverse: FL VALER CONSTANTINVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI / Jupiter standing, chlamys over left shoulder, holding Victory on globe, leaning on sceptre. Eagle at his feet. N in left field; A in right field.
Mint mark: ALE
5.35 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #6; PBCC #1203; Sear #15947.
Callimachus
12o-Constantine-Sis-015.jpg
12o. Constantine: Siscia follis.22 viewsFollis, 315 - 316, Siscia mint.
Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI / Jupiter standing, chlamys over left shoulder, holding Victory on globe, leaning on sceptre. Eagle with wreath in its beak at his feet. B in right field.
Mint mark: . SIS
3.74 gm., 21 mm.
RIC #15; PBCC #802; Sear unlisted.
Callimachus
SevAlex-RIC-005.jpg
13. Severus Alexander year I.13 viewsDenarius, 222 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG / Laureate bust of Severus Alexander.
Reverse: P M TR P COS P P / Jupiter standing, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
3.46 gm., 19 mm.
RIC #5; Sear #7891.

Both dies used to strike this coin were damaged due to "clashed dies" - the two dies were struck together without a flan in between them. There are marks behind Alexander's head -- quite possibly the legs of Jupiter; and then there is sort of an upside-down shadow of Alexander's head to the right of Jupiter. The mark going up from Jupiter's shoulder is the bottom of Alexander's chin.
Callimachus
RI_130bi_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus - RIC 211 Bust Type C - Double Antoninianus23 viewsDouble Antoninianus
Obv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short eagle-tipped sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand
Minted in Antioch (H//XI) Emission 3, Officina 8. January – June A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 211 Bust Type C. RIC Temp No. 4096
maridvnvm
RI_130bj_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus - RIC 211 Bust Type C - Double Antoninianus14 viewsDouble Antoninianus
Obv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short eagle-tipped sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand
Minted in Antioch (D//XI) Emission 3, Officina 8. January – June A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 211 Bust Type C. RIC Temp No. 4091
maridvnvm
RI 130l img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 21042 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right receiving globe from Jupiter, both holding scepters
Minted in Antioch (Z / XXI).
Reference:– Cohen 20. RIC 210
maridvnvm
DiocleAnt.jpg
1301a, Diocletian, 284-305 A.D. (Antioch)93 viewsDIOCLETIAN (284 – 305 AD) AE Antoninianus, 293-95 AD, RIC V 322, Cohen 34. 20.70 mm/3.1 gm, aVF, Antioch. Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust right, draped & cuirassed; Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian, I/XXI. Early Diocletian with dusty earthen green patina.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
DicletianConcordCyz.jpg
1301b, Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D.58 viewsDiocletian. RIC V Part II Cyzicus 256 var. Not listed with pellet in exegrue
Item ref: RI141f. VF. Minted in Cyzicus (B in centre field, XXI dot in exegrue)Obverse:- IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter.
A post reform radiate of Diocletian. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


Cleisthenes
MaxHercRIC5iiRome.jpg
1302a, Maximian, 285 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.47 viewsMaximianus AE Antoninianus. RIC V Part II 506 Bust Type C. Cohen 355; VF; Minted in Rome A.D. 285-286. Obverse: IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right; Rverse: IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt & scepter, XXIZ in exergue. Ex maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D.

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Perhaps born ca. 249/250 A.D. in Sirmium in the area of the Balkans, Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Maximianus Herculius (Maximian), had been a soldier before he put on the purple. A fellow soldier with the Emperor Diocletian, he had served in the military during the reigns of Aurelian and Probus.

When the Emperor Diocletian determined that the empire was too large for one man to govern on his own, he made Maximian his Caesar in 285/6 and elevated him to the rank of Augustus in perhaps the spring of 286. While Diocletian ruled in the East, Maximian ruled in the West. In 293, in order to maintain and to strengthen the stability of the empire, Diocletian appointed Constantius I Chlorus to serve Maximian as a Caesar in the West, while Galerius did the same job in the East. This arrangement, called the "Tetrarchy", was meant not only to provide a stronger foundation for the two emperors' rule, but also to end any possible fighting over the succession to the throne once the two senior Augusti had left the throne--a problem which had bedeviled the principate since the time of the Emperor Augustus. To cement the relationship between Maximian and his Caesar, Constantius married Maximian's elder daughter Theodora. A decade later, Constantius' son Constantine would marry Maximia's younger daughter Fausta.

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximian, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple. Their resignations seem largely due to the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian seems to have forced his colleague to abdicate. In any case, Herculius had sworn an oath at the temple of Capitoline Jupiter to carry out the terms of the abdication. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Diocletian's retirement was at Salonae in Dalmatia, while Herculius' retreat was either in Lucania or Campania.

Maximian's retirement, however, was of short duration because, a little more than a year later on 28 October 306, his son Maxentius was proclaimed emperor at Rome. To give his regime an aura of legitimacy, Maximian was forced to affirm his son's acclamation. When Galerius learned of Maxentius' rebellion, he sent Severus against him with an army that had formerly been under his father's command. Maxentius invested his father with the purple again to win over his enemy's troops, a ruse which succeeded. Perhaps to strengthen his own position, in 307 Maximian went to Gaul and married his daughter Fausta to Constantine. When Constantine refused to become embroiled in the civil war between Galerius and Maxentius, Maximian returned to Rome in 308 and attempted to depose his son; however, he did not succeed. When Maximian was unable to convince Diocletian to take up the purple again at a meeting in Carnuntum in late 308, he returned to his son-in-law's side in Gaul.

Although Maximian was treated with all of the respect due a former emperor, he still desired to be more than a figurehead. He decided to seize the purple from Constantine when his son-in-law least expected it. His opportunity came in the summer of 310 when the Franks revolted. When Constantine had taken a small part of his army into enemy territory, Maximian proclaimed himself again emperor and paid the soldiers under his command a donative to secure their loyalty. As soon as Constantine received news about Maximian's revolt in July 310, he went south and reached Arelate before his father-in-law could mount a defense of the city. Although Maximian fled to Massilia, his son-in-law seized the city and took Maximian prisoner. Although he was deprived of the purple, he was granted pardon for his crimes. Unable to endure the humiliation of his defeat, he attempted to have Constantine murdered in his bed. The plot failed because he tried to get his daughter Fausta's help in the matter; she chose to reveal the matter to her husband. Because of this attempt on his son-in-law's life Maximian was dead by the end of July either by his own hand or on the orders of his intended victim.

Eutropia was of Syrian extraction and her marriage to Maximian seems to have been her second. She bore him two children: Maxentius and Fausta. An older daughter, Theodora, may have been a product of her first marriage. Fausta became the wife of Constantine I , while her sister Theodora was the second spouse of his father Constantius I Chlorus . Eutropia apparently survived all her children, with the possible exception of her daughter Fausta who seems to have died in 326. Eutropia is also said to have become a Christian.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Max.jpg
1302b, Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D., commemorative issued by Constantine the Great (Siscia)55 viewsMaximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D., commemorative issued by Constantine the Great. Bronze AE3, RIC 41, VF, Siscia, 1.30g, 16.1mm, 0o, 317-318 A.D. Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, laureate and veiled head right; Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMO-RVM MERITORVM, Emperor seated left on curule chair, raising hand and holding scepter, SIS in exergue; scarce (R3).


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D.

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Perhaps born ca. 249/250 A.D. in Sirmium in the area of the Balkans, Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Maximianus Herculius (Maximian), had been a soldier before he put on the purple. A fellow soldier with the Emperor Diocletian, he had served in the military during the reigns of Aurelian and Probus.

When the Emperor Diocletian determined that the empire was too large for one man to govern on his own, he made Maximian his Caesar in 285/6 and elevated him to the rank of Augustus in perhaps the spring of 286. While Diocletian ruled in the East, Maximian ruled in the West. In 293, in order to maintain and to strengthen the stability of the empire, Diocletian appointed Constantius I Chlorus to serve Maximian as a Caesar in the West, while Galerius did the same job in the East. This arrangement, called the "Tetrarchy", was meant not only to provide a stronger foundation for the two emperors' rule, but also to end any possible fighting over the succession to the throne once the two senior Augusti had left the throne--a problem which had bedeviled the principate since the time of the Emperor Augustus. To cement the relationship between Maximian and his Caesar, Constantius married Maximian's elder daughter Theodora. A decade later, Constantius' son Constantine would marry Maximia's younger daughter Fausta.

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximian, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple. Their resignations seem largely due to the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian seems to have forced his colleague to abdicate. In any case, Herculius had sworn an oath at the temple of Capitoline Jupiter to carry out the terms of the abdication. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Diocletian's retirement was at Salonae in Dalmatia, while Herculius' retreat was either in Lucania or Campania.

Maximian's retirement, however, was of short duration because, a little more than a year later on 28 October 306, his son Maxentius was proclaimed emperor at Rome. To give his regime an aura of legitimacy, Maximian was forced to affirm his son's acclamation. When Galerius learned of Maxentius' rebellion, he sent Severus against him with an army that had formerly been under his father's command. Maxentius invested his father with the purple again to win over his enemy's troops, a ruse which succeeded. Perhaps to strengthen his own position, in 307 Maximian went to Gaul and married his daughter Fausta to Constantine. When Constantine refused to become embroiled in the civil war between Galerius and Maxentius, Maximian returned to Rome in 308 and attempted to depose his son; however, he did not succeed. When Maximian was unable to convince Diocletian to take up the purple again at a meeting in Carnuntum in late 308, he returned to his son-in-law's side in Gaul.

Although Maximian was treated with all of the respect due a former emperor, he still desired to be more than a figurehead. He decided to seize the purple from Constantine when his son-in-law least expected it. His opportunity came in the summer of 310 when the Franks revolted. When Constantine had taken a small part of his army into enemy territory, Maximian proclaimed himself again emperor and paid the soldiers under his command a donative to secure their loyalty. As soon as Constantine received news about Maximian's revolt in July 310, he went south and reached Arelate before his father-in-law could mount a defense of the city. Although Maximian fled to Massilia, his son-in-law seized the city and took Maximian prisoner. Although he was deprived of the purple, he was granted pardon for his crimes. Unable to endure the humiliation of his defeat, he attempted to have Constantine murdered in his bed. The plot failed because he tried to get his daughter Fausta's help in the matter; she chose to reveal the matter to her husband. Because of this attempt on his son-in-law's life Maximian was dead by the end of July either by his own hand or on the orders of his intended victim.

Eutropia was of Syrian extraction and her marriage to Maximian seems to have been her second. She bore him two children: Maxentius and Fausta. An older daughter, Theodora, may have been a product of her first marriage. Fausta became the wife of Constantine I , while her sister Theodora was the second spouse of his father Constantius I Chlorus . Eutropia apparently survived all her children, with the possible exception of her daughter Fausta who seems to have died in 326. Eutropia is also said to have become a Christian.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Lcnius1.jpg
1308b, Licinius I, 308 - 324 A.D. (Siscia)59 viewsLicinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D. Bronze follis, RIC 4, F, Siscia, 3.257g, 21.6mm, 0o, 313 - 315 A.D. Obverse: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; Reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and scepter, eagle with wreath in beak left, E right, SIS in exergue.



De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Licinius (308-324 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Licinius' Heritage

Valerius Licinianus Licinius, more commonly known as Licinius, may have been born ca. 265. Of peasant origin, his family was from Dacia. A close friend and comrade of arms of the Emperor Galerius, he accompanied him on his Persian expedition in 297. When campaigns by Severus and Galerius in late 306 or early 307 and in the summer of 307, respectively, failed to dislodge Maxentius who, with the luke warm support of his father Maximianus Herculius, was acclaimed princeps on 28 October 306, he was sent by the eastern emperor to Maxentius as an ambassador; the diplomatic mission, however, failed because the usurper refused to submit to the authority of his father-in-law Galerius. At the Conference of Carnuntum which was held in October or November of 308, Licinius was made an Augustus on 11 November 308; his realm included Thrace, Illyricum, and Pannonia.

Licinius' Early Reign

Although Licinius was initially appointed by Galerius to replace Severus to end the revolt of Maxentius , Licinius (perhaps wisely) made no effort to move against the usurper. In fact, his first attested victory was against the Sarmatians probably in the late spring, but no later than the end of June in 310. When the Emperor Galerius died in 311, Licinius met Maximinus Daia at the Bosporus during the early summer of that year; they concluded a treaty and divided Galerius' realm between them. It was little more than a year later that the Emperor Constantine defeated Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge on 28 October 312. After the defeat of the usurper, Constantine and Licinius met at Mediolanum (Milan) where Licinius married the former's sister Constantia; one child was born of this union: Valerius Licinianus Licinius. Licinius had another son, born of a slave woman, whose name is unknown. It appears that both emperors promulgated the so-called Edict of Milan, in which Constantine and Licinius granted Christians the freedom to practice their faith without any interference from the state.

As soon as he seems to have learned about the marital alliance between Licinius and Constantine and the death of Maxentius, who had been his ally, Daia traversed Asia Minor and, in April 313, he crossed the Bosporus and went to Byzantium, which he took from Licinius after an eleven day siege. On 30 April 313 the armies of both emperors clashed on the Campus Ergenus; in the ensuing battle Daia's forces were routed. A last ditch stand by Daia at the Cilician Gates failed; the eastern emperor subsequently died in the area of Tarsus probably in July or August 313. As soon as he arrived in Nicomedeia, Licinius promulgated the Edict of Milan. As soon as he had matters in Nicomedeia straightened out, Licinius campaigned against the Persians in the remaining part of 313 and the opening months of 314.

The First Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine

Once Licinius had defeated Maximinus Daia, the sole rulers of the Roman world were he and Constantine. It is obvious that the marriage of Licinius to Constantia was simply a union of convenience. In any case, there is evidence in the sources that both emperors were looking for an excuse to attack the other. The affair involving Bassianus (the husband of Constantius I's daughter Anastasia ), mentioned in the text of Anonymus Valesianus (5.14ff), may have sparked the falling out between the two emperors. In any case, Constantine' s forces joined battle with those of Licinius at Cibalae in Pannonia on 8 October 314. When the battle was over, Constantine prevailed; his victory, however, was Pyrrhic. Both emperors had been involved in exhausting military campaigns in the previous year and the months leading up to Cibalae and each of their realms had expanded so fast that their manpower reserves must have been stretched to the limit. Both men retreated to their own territory to lick their wounds. It may well be that the two emperors made an agreement, which has left no direct trace in the historical record, which would effectively restore the status quo.

Both emperors were variously engaged in different activities between 315 and 316. In addition to campaigning against the Germans while residing in Augusta Treverorum (Trier) in 315, Constantine dealt with aspects of the Donatist controversy; he also traveled to Rome where he celebrated his Decennalia. Licinius, possibly residing at Sirmium, was probably waging war against the Goths. Although not much else is known about Licinius' activities during this period, it is probable that he spent much of his time preparing for his impending war against Constantine; the latter,who spent the spring and summer of 316 in Augusta Treverorum, was probably doing much the same thing. In any case, by December 316, the western emperor was in Sardica with his army. Sometime between 1 December and 28 February 317, both emperors' armies joined battle on the Campus Ardiensis; as was the case in the previous engagement, Constantine' s forces were victorious. On 1 March 317, both sides agreed to a cessation of hostilities; possibly because of the intervention of his wife Constantia, Licinius was able to keep his throne, although he had to agree to the execution of his colleague Valens, who the eastern emperor had appointed as his colleague before the battle, as well as to cede some of his territory to his brother-in-law.

Licinius and the Christians

Although the historical record is not completely clear, Licinius seems to have campaigned against the Sarmatians in 318. He also appears to have been in Byzantium in the summer of 318 and later in June 323. Beyond these few facts, not much else is known about his residences until mid summer of 324. Although he and Constantine had issued the Edict of Milan in early 313, Licinius turned on the Christians in his realm seemingly in 320. The first law that Licinius issued prevented bishops from communicating with each other and from holding synods to discuss matters of interest to them. The second law prohibited men and women from attending services together and young girls from receiving instruction from their bishop or schools. When this law was issued, he also gave orders that Christians could hold services only outside of city walls. Additionally, he deprived officers in the army of their commissions if they did not sacrifice to the gods. Licinius may have been trying to incite Constantine to attack him. In any case, the growing tension between the two rulers is reflected in the consular Fasti of the period.

The Second Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine and Licinius' Death

War actually broke out in 321 when Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging some territory in his realm, across the Danube. When he checked a similar invasion of the Goths, who were devastating Thrace, Licinius complained that Constantine had broken the treaty between them. Having assembled a fleet and army at Thessalonica, Constantine advanced toward Adrianople. Licinius engaged the forces of his brother-in-law near the banks of the Hebrus River on 3 July 324 where he was routed; with as many men as he could gather, he headed for his fleet which was in the Hellespont. Those of his soldiers who were not killed or put to flight, surrendered to the enemy. Licinius fled to Byzantium, where he was besieged by Constantine. Licinius' fleet, under the command of the admiral Abantus, was overcome by bad weather and by Constantine' s fleet which was under the command of his son Crispus. Hard pressed in Byzantium, Licinius abandoned the city to his rival and fled to Chalcedon in Bithynia. Leaving Martinianus, his former magister officiorum and now his co-ruler, to impede Constantine' s progress, Licinius regrouped his forces and engaged his enemy at Chrysopolis where he was again routed on 18 September 324. He fled to Nicomedeia which Constantine began to besiege. On the next day Licinius abdicated and was sent to Thessalonica, where he was kept under house arrest. Both Licinius and his associate were put to death by Constantine. Martinianus may have been put to death before the end of 324, whereas Licinius was not put to death until the spring of 325. Rumors circulated that Licinius had been put to death because he attempted another rebellion against Constantine.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
Licin1AEFolJupiAlex.jpg
1308c, Licinius I, 308-324 A.D. (Alexandria)66 viewsLicinius I, 308-324 A.D. AE Follis, 3.60g, VF, 315 A.D., Alexandria. Obverse: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG - Laureate head right; Reverse: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG - Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on a globe and scepter; exergue: ALE / (wreath) over "B" over "N." Ref: RIC VII, 10 (B = r2) Rare, page 705 - Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, Scotland.


De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Licinius (308-324 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Licinius' Heritage

Valerius Licinianus Licinius, more commonly known as Licinius, may have been born ca. 265. Of peasant origin, his family was from Dacia. A close friend and comrade of arms of the Emperor Galerius, he accompanied him on his Persian expedition in 297. When campaigns by Severus and Galerius in late 306 or early 307 and in the summer of 307, respectively, failed to dislodge Maxentius who, with the luke warm support of his father Maximianus Herculius, was acclaimed princeps on 28 October 306, he was sent by the eastern emperor to Maxentius as an ambassador; the diplomatic mission, however, failed because the usurper refused to submit to the authority of his father-in-law Galerius. At the Conference of Carnuntum which was held in October or November of 308, Licinius was made an Augustus on 11 November 308; his realm included Thrace, Illyricum, and Pannonia.

Licinius' Early Reign

Although Licinius was initially appointed by Galerius to replace Severus to end the revolt of Maxentius , Licinius (perhaps wisely) made no effort to move against the usurper. In fact, his first attested victory was against the Sarmatians probably in the late spring, but no later than the end of June in 310. When the Emperor Galerius died in 311, Licinius met Maximinus Daia at the Bosporus during the early summer of that year; they concluded a treaty and divided Galerius' realm between them. It was little more than a year later that the Emperor Constantine defeated Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge on 28 October 312. After the defeat of the usurper, Constantine and Licinius met at Mediolanum (Milan) where Licinius married the former's sister Constantia; one child was born of this union: Valerius Licinianus Licinius. Licinius had another son, born of a slave woman, whose name is unknown. It appears that both emperors promulgated the so-called Edict of Milan, in which Constantine and Licinius granted Christians the freedom to practice their faith without any interference from the state.

As soon as he seems to have learned about the marital alliance between Licinius and Constantine and the death of Maxentius, who had been his ally, Daia traversed Asia Minor and, in April 313, he crossed the Bosporus and went to Byzantium, which he took from Licinius after an eleven day siege. On 30 April 313 the armies of both emperors clashed on the Campus Ergenus; in the ensuing battle Daia's forces were routed. A last ditch stand by Daia at the Cilician Gates failed; the eastern emperor subsequently died in the area of Tarsus probably in July or August 313. As soon as he arrived in Nicomedeia, Licinius promulgated the Edict of Milan. As soon as he had matters in Nicomedeia straightened out, Licinius campaigned against the Persians in the remaining part of 313 and the opening months of 314.

The First Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine

Once Licinius had defeated Maximinus Daia, the sole rulers of the Roman world were he and Constantine. It is obvious that the marriage of Licinius to Constantia was simply a union of convenience. In any case, there is evidence in the sources that both emperors were looking for an excuse to attack the other. The affair involving Bassianus (the husband of Constantius I's daughter Anastasia ), mentioned in the text of Anonymus Valesianus (5.14ff), may have sparked the falling out between the two emperors. In any case, Constantine' s forces joined battle with those of Licinius at Cibalae in Pannonia on 8 October 314. When the battle was over, Constantine prevailed; his victory, however, was Pyrrhic. Both emperors had been involved in exhausting military campaigns in the previous year and the months leading up to Cibalae and each of their realms had expanded so fast that their manpower reserves must have been stretched to the limit. Both men retreated to their own territory to lick their wounds. It may well be that the two emperors made an agreement, which has left no direct trace in the historical record, which would effectively restore the status quo.

Both emperors were variously engaged in different activities between 315 and 316. In addition to campaigning against the Germans while residing in Augusta Treverorum (Trier) in 315, Constantine dealt with aspects of the Donatist controversy; he also traveled to Rome where he celebrated his Decennalia. Licinius, possibly residing at Sirmium, was probably waging war against the Goths. Although not much else is known about Licinius' activities during this period, it is probable that he spent much of his time preparing for his impending war against Constantine; the latter,who spent the spring and summer of 316 in Augusta Treverorum, was probably doing much the same thing. In any case, by December 316, the western emperor was in Sardica with his army. Sometime between 1 December and 28 February 317, both emperors' armies joined battle on the Campus Ardiensis; as was the case in the previous engagement, Constantine' s forces were victorious. On 1 March 317, both sides agreed to a cessation of hostilities; possibly because of the intervention of his wife Constantia, Licinius was able to keep his throne, although he had to agree to the execution of his colleague Valens, who the eastern emperor had appointed as his colleague before the battle, as well as to cede some of his territory to his brother-in-law.

Licinius and the Christians

Although the historical record is not completely clear, Licinius seems to have campaigned against the Sarmatians in 318. He also appears to have been in Byzantium in the summer of 318 and later in June 323. Beyond these few facts, not much else is known about his residences until mid summer of 324. Although he and Constantine had issued the Edict of Milan in early 313, Licinius turned on the Christians in his realm seemingly in 320. The first law that Licinius issued prevented bishops from communicating with each other and from holding synods to discuss matters of interest to them. The second law prohibited men and women from attending services together and young girls from receiving instruction from their bishop or schools. When this law was issued, he also gave orders that Christians could hold services only outside of city walls. Additionally, he deprived officers in the army of their commissions if they did not sacrifice to the gods. Licinius may have been trying to incite Constantine to attack him. In any case, the growing tension between the two rulers is reflected in the consular Fasti of the period.

The Second Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine and Licinius' Death

War actually broke out in 321 when Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging some territory in his realm, across the Danube. When he checked a similar invasion of the Goths, who were devastating Thrace, Licinius complained that Constantine had broken the treaty between them. Having assembled a fleet and army at Thessalonica, Constantine advanced toward Adrianople. Licinius engaged the forces of his brother-in-law near the banks of the Hebrus River on 3 July 324 where he was routed; with as many men as he could gather, he headed for his fleet which was in the Hellespont. Those of his soldiers who were not killed or put to flight, surrendered to the enemy. Licinius fled to Byzantium, where he was besieged by Constantine. Licinius' fleet, under the command of the admiral Abantus, was overcome by bad weather and by Constantine' s fleet which was under the command of his son Crispus. Hard pressed in Byzantium, Licinius abandoned the city to his rival and fled to Chalcedon in Bithynia. Leaving Martinianus, his former magister officiorum and now his co-ruler, to impede Constantine' s progress, Licinius regrouped his forces and engaged his enemy at Chrysopolis where he was again routed on 18 September 324. He fled to Nicomedeia which Constantine began to besiege. On the next day Licinius abdicated and was sent to Thessalonica, where he was kept under house arrest. Both Licinius and his associate were put to death by Constantine. Martinianus may have been put to death before the end of 324, whereas Licinius was not put to death until the spring of 325. Rumors circulated that Licinius had been put to death because he attempted another rebellion against Constantine.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
RI_132gu_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 049 - Bust Type F (Lugdunum) (I)15 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SECVRITAS ORBIS, Emperor standing right, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left
Minted in Lugdunum (I in exe) Emission 2, Officina 1. November – December 276 A.D.
Reference:– Bastien 165. RIC 49 Bust type F (Scarce)

5.26 gms
22.19mm
maridvnvm
RI 132nk img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 152 - Bust type F (Rome) (Z in Right field, XXI in exe)28 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right.
Rev:– IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing, looking right, holding sceptre and thunderbolt
Minted in Rome (Z in Right field, XXI in exe) Emission 1, Officina 6. A.D. 276
Reference:– Cohen 322. RIC 152 Bust Type F (Scarce)
maridvnvm
RI_132ca_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 173 - Bust type F (Rome) (R Thunderbolt B)41 viewsObv:– IMP PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONS PROBI AVG, Jupiter standing, holding thunderbolt and sceptre
Minted in Rome (R Thunderbolt B in exe) Emission 6 Officina 2. A.D. 281
Reference(s) – RIC 173 Bust type F (Scarce)

I believe that this coin has been plated at some point in more recent times.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132be img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 175 var. - Bust type F (Rome) (REB)38 viewsObv:– PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONS PROBI AVG, Jupiter standing, holding thunderbolt and sceptre
Minted in Rome (REB in exe) Emission 7 Officina 2. A.D. 282
Reference(s) – RIC 175 var. Bust type F (Not listed for this emission)
Weight 3.06 gms
Size 22.13 mm

Part of the AEQVITI series of Rome (E)
maridvnvm
RI 132gt img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 386 - Bust Type C (Ticinum) (VXXT)69 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVA, Emperor standing right, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left
Minted in Ticinum (VXXT in exe) Emission 2 Officina 5. A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 386 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 132ao img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 386 - Bust Type C (Ticinum) (VXXT)34 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT, Emperor standing right, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left
Minted in Ticinum (VXXT in exe) Emission 2 Officina 5. A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 386 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 132km img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 386 var - Bust Type H (Ticinum) (VXXT) 26 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate bust left in consular robe holding eagle-tipped scepter in left
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT, Emperor standing right, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left
Minted in Ticinum (VXXT) Emission 2 Officina 5. A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 386 var. Bust Type H (Not listed in RIC with this bust type)
maridvnvm
RI 132lr img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 387 - Bust Type H (Ticinum) (VXXT)27 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in consular robe holding eagle-tipped scepter in left
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVA, Emperor standing right, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left
Minted in Ticinum (VXXT) Emission 2 Officina 5. A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 387 Bust Type H
maridvnvm
RI 132dw img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 388 - Bust Type G (rear) (Ticinum) (VXXT)55 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from back
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Ticinum (VXXT) Emission 3 Officina 5. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 388 Bust type G (seen from rear)
maridvnvm
RI 132sb img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 388 - Bust Type G (Ticinum) (VXXT)22 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Ticinum (VXXT) Emission 3 Officina 5. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 388 Bust type G
maridvnvm
RI 132jy img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 388 Radiate, cuirassed bust left, with spear and shield, seen from back (Ticinum) (VXXT)67 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, with spear and shield, seen from back
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Ticinum (VXXT) Emission 3 Officina 5. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 388 Radiate, cuirassed bust left, with spear and shield, seen from back
Decorated shield.
maridvnvm
RI 132lj img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 643 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (S / KA)36 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre
Minted in Siscia (S / KA) Emission 7 Officina 2. A.D. 280
Reference:– Alfoldi type 17, n° 16. RIC 643 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132sy img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 645 var - Bust Type F (Siscia) (XXIP)25 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre
Minted in Siscia (XXIP in exe)
Reference:– Alfoldi type 15, n° -. RIC 645 var Bust Type F (Not listed without eagle in Alföldi or RIC)
maridvnvm
RI 132no img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 646 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (P / KA)28 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre
Minted in Siscia (P / KA) Emission 7, Officina 1. A.D. 280
Reference:– Alfoldi type 17, n° 4. RIC 646 Bust Type H (Scarce)
maridvnvm
RI 132oq img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 648 (near) - Bust Type F (Siscia) (Crescent / KA)36 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre
Minted in Siscia (Crescent / KA)
Reference:– Alföldi. Type 18, nº 6. RIC Unlisted near 648. Unlisted with this obverse legend in RIC.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132ku img~0.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 648 (near) - Bust Type G (Siscia) (Crescent / KA)17 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, with spear and shield
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre
Minted in Siscia (Crescent / KA)
Reference:– Alfoldi unlisted. RIC Unlisted near 648. Unlisted with this oberse legend in RIC and Alfoldi.
maridvnvm
RI 132ap img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 838 - Bust Type H (Serdica) (* / KAΔ)31 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding eagle tipped sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, holding staff, standing left.
Minted in Serdica (* in centre field, KAΔ in exe) Emission 2, Officina 4. A.D. 276 A.D.
Reference:– RIC 838 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132mj img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 838-839 - Bust Type G (buckler) (Serdica) (* / KA•Γ•) 37 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left holding spear and buckler
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding eagle tipped sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, holding staff, standing left.
Minted in Serdica (* in centre field, KA•Γ• in exe) Emission 2, Officina 3. A.D. 276 A.D.
Reference:– Unlisted in RIC but would appear between RIC 838 and RIC 839
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132fs img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 856 (near) - Bust Type C (Serdica) (MS / KAΓ)55 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Emperor standing right, holding spear, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre
Mint – Serdica (MS in centre field, KAΓ in exe) Emission 5, Officina 3. A.D. 278
References:– RIC Unlisted (close to 856) Bust type C. Unlisted obverse legend for this reverse type. Unlisted issue, this issue is not listed in RIC but is documented in Pink. Officina not known for this issue - whilst Pink documented the existence of this issue mark this officina was not documented. It is now becoming clear that this issue was produced at all the officina.
maridvnvm
RI 132ui img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 858 - Bust Type C (Serdica) (MS / KAB)29 views
Obv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F INVICT AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind
Rev:– RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Probus standing right, holding spear, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding scepter
Mint – Serdica (MS in centre field, KAB in exe) Emission 5 Officina 2. A.D. 280 (Pink) A.D. 281 (Gysen)
Reference:– RIC 858 Bust type C (R)

Ex-Forvm
maridvnvm
RI 132gl img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 905 - Bust Type C (Cyzicus) (Q / XXI)67 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre
Minted in Cyzicus (Q in centre field, XXI in exe)
Reference:– RIC 905 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 132dp img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 905 - Bust Type C (Cyzicus) (S / XXI)49 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Cyzicus (S in centre field, XXI in exe)
Reference:– RIC 905 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 132il img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 905 - Bust Type C (Cyzicus) (V / XXI*)50 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Cyzicus (V in centre field, XXI* in exe) Emission 1. Officina 5. A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 905 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 132tl img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 905 var - Bust Type F (Cyzicus) (P / XXI) 39 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right (seen from rear)
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Cyzicus (P in centre field, XXI in exe)
Reference:– RIC 905 var. Bust type F (Not listed in RIC with this very unsuaul bust type)

This is a very rare bust type for Probus from Cyzicus. Discussions with Dr. S. Estiot seem to indicate the following:-

"Effectively cuirassed busts seen from behind are very rare for Cyzicus series, CLEMENTIA TEMP, but strangely enough it appears that it has been fashionable for this series and for this officina P//XXI. I have listed 5 of these : 1 BM ; 2 Milan (coll. Laffranchi) ; 2 Private collection. Only one other example for another series : Q//XXI* : 1 Budapest."

I now have an additional two from different die pairs.
maridvnvm
RI 132ut img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 905 var - Bust Type F (Cyzicus) (P / XXI) 33 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right (seen from rear)
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Cyzicus (P in centre field, XXI in exe)
Reference:– RIC 905 var. Bust type F (Not listed in RIC with this very unsuaul bust type)

This is a very rare bust type for Probus from Cyzicus. Discussions with Dr. S. Estiot seem to indicate the following:-

"Effectively cuirassed busts seen from behind are very rare for Cyzicus series, CLEMENTIA TEMP, but strangely enough it appears that it has been fashionable for this series and for this officina P//XXI. I have listed 5 of these : 1 BM ; 2 Milan (coll. Laffranchi) ; 2 Private collection. Only one other example for another series : Q//XXI* : 1 Budapest."

I now have an additional two from different die pairs.
maridvnvm
RI 132dv img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 920 - Bust Type C (Antioch) (E•)103 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Antioch (E• in centre field)
Reference:– RIC 920 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 132aa img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 920 - Bust Type C (Antioch) (Z•)35 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Antioch (Z• in centre field)
Reference:– RIC 920 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI_132xm_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 920 - Bust Type C (Unspecified Eastern mint) (B/ XXI)16 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre
Mint – Unspecified Eastern mint (B in centre field, XXI in exe)
Reference:– RIC 920 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 132ae img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 920 - Bust Type C (Unspecified Eastern mint) (Stigma / KA)93 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre
Mint – Unspecified Eastern mint (Stigma in centre field, KA in exe) Emission 1 Officina 6. A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 920 Bust type C
Fully silvered with lots of detail.
maridvnvm
RI 132cd img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 921 - Bust Type C (Antioch) (Δ• / XXI)86 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Jupiter standing left with scepter, giving globe surmounted by eagle to Probus
Minted in Antioch (Δ• in centre field, XXI in exe)
Reference:– RIC 921 Bust type C
Desert patina
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132nq img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 921 - Bust Type C (Antioch) (B / XXI)33 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Jupiter standing left with scepter, giving globe surmounted by eagle to Probus
Minted in Antioch (B in centre field, XXI in exe)
Reference:– RIC 921 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 132cg img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 921 - Bust Type C (Antioch) (E• / XXI)55 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding scepter, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding scepter
Minted in Antioch (E• in centre field, XXI in exe) Emission 1, Officina 5. A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 921 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 132v img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 922 - Bust Type C (Antioch) (Δ / XXI)83 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre
Minted in Antioch (Δ in centre field, XXI in exe) Emission 2 Officina 4. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 922 Bust type C
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132x img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 922 - Bust Type C (Antioch) (E / XXI)63 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre
Minted in Antioch (E in centre field, XXI in exe) Emission 2 Officina 5. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 922 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
RI 132gy img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 927 - Bust Type C (Tripolis)53 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre
Minted in Tripolis (* in centre field, XXI in exe.) Emission 2 Officina 1. circa A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 927 Bust type C (Common).
maridvnvm
RI 132mb img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 927 - Bust Type C (Tripolis)61 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre
Minted in Tripolis (wreath in top centre field, XXI in exe.) Emission 2 Officina 1. circa A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 927 Bust type C (Common).
maridvnvm
RI_132w_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 928 - Bust Type C (Tripolis) 62 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre
Minted in Tripolis (Crescent in centre field, KA in exe) First Emission from A.D. 276
Reference: – RIC 928 Bust Type C
A clear example of this distinctive bust type with lots of silvering remaining.
Martin Griffiths
RI_132xv_img~0.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC unlisted between 856 and 857 - Bust Type F22 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Probus standing right, holding spear, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding scepter
Minted in Serdica (MS/KAB) Emission 5 Officina 2. A.D. 280 (Pink) A.D. 281 (Gysen)
Reference:– RIC unlisted between 856 and 857
maridvnvm
Licinius-l_IMP-C-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-PF-AVG_IOVI-CONSER-VATORI-AVG-G_K_Wr-A-X_ALE_RIC-VII-14-p-705-(2-B1)_315-16-AD-Alexandria_R2_Q-001_6h_19-21mm_2,91g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC VII 014, K/Wreath/A/X//ALE, AE-2 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG G, Jupiter standing left, R2!!100 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC VII 014, K/Wreath/A/X//ALE, AE-2 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG G, Jupiter standing left, R2!!
avers:- IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG (2,B1), Laureate, bust right, .
revers:- IOVI CONSER VATORI AVG G, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; eagle with wreath to left, K in the left fied, wreath/A/X in the right field.
exergo: K/Wreath/A/X//ALE, diameter: 19-21mm, weight: 2,91g, axis: 6h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 315-316 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-14, p-705, R2 !!,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-I_AE-3-Follis_VAL-LICINNIANVS-LICINNIVS-P-F-AVG-(1a-A)_GENIO-AV-GVSTI_Altar-Delta_SMK_RIC-VI-100-p-593_Cyzicus_312-313-AD_Q-001_7h_20,5-21,5mm_3,46g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VI 100, lighting altar/Δ//SMK, AE-2 Follis, GENIO AVGVSTI, Jupiter standing left, modius on head,81 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VI 100, lighting altar/Δ//SMK, AE-2 Follis, GENIO AVGVSTI, Jupiter standing left, modius on head,
avers:- VAL LICINNIANVS LICINNIVS P F AVG, (1a-A), Laureate, bust right.
revers:- GENIO AV GVSTI, Jupiter standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera, and cornucopiae, lighting altar at foot left.
exergo: lighting altar/Δ//SMK, diameter: 20,5-21,5mm, weight: 3,46g, axis: 7h,
mint: Cyzicus, 5th. off., date: 312-313 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-100, p-593,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
132_Licinius_I__RIC_VII_009_AE-3-Follis_IMP_LICI_NIVS_AVG-2-J1_l-_IOVI_CONS_ERVATORI_AVG_G_koszoru-Delta_SMK_p644_Cyzicus_317-20-AD__S_Q-001_6h_18-19mm_3,76g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 009, wreath/Δ//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG G, Jupiter standing left, Scarce ! #197 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 009, wreath/Δ//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG G, Jupiter standing left, Scarce ! #1
avers:- IMP LICI NIVS AVG, 2,J1 l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI CONSER VATORI AVG G, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; wreath in left and Epsilon in right in field.
exergo: wreath/Δ//SMK, diameter: 18,0-19,0mm, weight: 3,76g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 4th. off., date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC VII 9, p-644, Scarce !,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-I_AE-3-Follis_IMP-LICI-NIVS-AVG-2-J1_l-_IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI-AVGG_koszoru-A-_SMK_RIC-VII-9-p644-1st-off_-c2_Cyzicus_317-20-AD__Q-001_axis-5h_18mm_2,85g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 009, wreath/A//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG G, 188 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 009, wreath/A//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG G,
avers:- IMP LICI NIVS AVG, 2,J1 l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI CONSER VATORI AVG G, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; wreath in left and A in right in field.
exergo: wreath/A//SMK, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,85g, axis: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st. off., date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-9, p644, c2,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Licinius-I_AE-3-Follis_IMP-LICI-NIVS-AVG-2-J1_l-_IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI-AVGG_koszoru-B_SMK_RIC-VII-9-p644-2nd-off__Cyzicus_317-20-AD_Q-001_11h_18,5mm_3,15g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 009, wreath/B//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG G, Jupiter standing left,135 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 009, wreath/B//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG G, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- IMP LICI NIVS AVG, 2,J1 l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI CONSER VATORI AVG G, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; wreath in left and B in right in field.
exergo: wreath/B//SMK, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 3,15g, axis: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, 2nd. off., date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-9, p-644,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-I_AE-3-Follis_IMP-LICI-NIVS-AVG-2-J1_l-_IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI-AVGG_koszoru-Epszilon_SMK_RIC-VII-9-p644-5th-off_-R1_Cyzicus_317-20-AD_Q-001_11h_18,5mm_3,07g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 009, wreath/Epsilon//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG G, 84 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 009, wreath/Epsilon//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG G,
avers:- IMP LICI NIVS AVG, 2,J1 l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI CONSER VATORI AVG G, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; wreath in left and Epsilon in right in field.
exergo: wreath/Epsilon//SMK, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 3,07g, axis: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, 5th. off., date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-9, p-644, R1!!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Licinius-I_AE-Follis_IMP-C-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-P-F-AVG_IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI_X-IIMu__SMNA_RIC-VII-52A_Heraclea_321-24-AD__Q-001_h_21mm_g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 052A, -/X/IIμ//SΜHA, AE-Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, R!!156 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 052A, -/X/IIμ//SΜHA, AE-Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, R!!
avers:- IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, (2,C3), Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONS ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, holding Victory on globe and leaning on sceptre, eagle with wreath left, captive right. In right field: X over IIμ.
exergo: -/X/IIμ//SΜHA, diameter: 21mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Heraclea, 1st. off., date: 321-324 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-52A, p548, R!!
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Licinius-I_AE-2-Follis_IMP-LIC-LICINIVS-P-F-AVG-_IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI_koszoru-B_SIS_RIC-VI-227a-p-484-2nd-off_Siscia_312-AD_Q-001_7h_24-26,5mm_5,37g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 227a, wreath/B//SIS, AE-1 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, Scarce!104 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 227a, wreath/B//SIS, AE-1 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, Scarce!
avers: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, (1a, A), Laureate, head right.
revers: IOVI CONSER VATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter; wreath in left and B in right in field.
exergo: wreath/B//SIS, diameter: 24-26,5mm, weight: 5,37g, axis: 7h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd. off., date: 312 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-227a, p-484, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-l__IMP-LICINIVS-PF-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVATORI-AVG-N-N_B_SIS_RIC-VI-234a-p-485-c2-1a-C_C-_313-AD-Siscia_Q-001_axis-6h_21-24mm_3,69g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 234a, -/B//SIS, Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG N N,94 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 234a, -/B//SIS, Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG N N,
avers:- IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, 1a, C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, .
revers:- IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG N N, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; eagle with wreath to left, B in the left fied.
exergo: -/B//SIS, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 313 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-234a, p-485, c2,
Q-001
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Licinius-I_AE-2-Follis_IMP-LIC-LICINIVS-P-F-AVG-2-B1_IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI_A_dot-SIS-dot_RIC-VII-17-p-424-1st-off_Siscia_315-6-AD_R2_Q-001_11h_20-21mm_3,54g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 017, -/A//•SIS•, AE-1 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing facing left, R2 !!85 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 017, -/A//•SIS•, AE-1 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing facing left, R2 !!
avers:- IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, (2, B1), Laureate, bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONS ERVATORI, Jupiter standing facing with head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding Victory on globe and leaning on sceptre, eagle with wreath to left.
exergo: -/A//•SIS•, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,54g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, 1st. off., date: 315-316 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-017, p-424, R2 !!
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Licinius-I_AE-3-Follis_IMP-C-VAL-LIC-LICINIVS-P-F-AVG-1a-A_IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI_RIC-VI-49-p-518-4th-off_Thessalonica_311-312-AD_Q-001_6h_24-25mm_5,21ga-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VI 049, wreath/Δ//SM•TS•, AE-1 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,67 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VI 049, wreath/Δ//SM•TS•, AE-1 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- IMP C VAL LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, (1a, A), Laureate, head right.
revers:- IOVI CONSER VATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding globe and scepter; wreath in left and Δ in right in field.
exergo: wreath/Δ//SM•TS•, diameter: 24-25mm, weight: 5,21g, axis: 6h,
mint: Thessalonica, 4st. off., date: 311-312 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-49, p-518,
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Licinius-I_AE-3-Follis_IMP-C-VAL-LIC-LICINIVS-P-F-AVG-1a-A_IOVI-CONSE-RVATORI_koszoru-star-E__SM_TS__RIC-VI-49var-p-518-5th-off_Thess_312-AD_Q-001_5h_22-23mm_4,80g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VI 049var. ???, wreath-*in/E//•SM•TS•, AE-1 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,102 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VI 049var. ???, wreath-*in/E//•SM•TS•, AE-1 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers: IMP C VAL LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, (1a, A), Laureate, head right.
revers: IOVI CONSER VATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding globe and scepter; wreath in left star inside (!), and E in right in field.
exergo: wreath- * in/E//•SM•TS•, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 4,80g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, 5th. off., date: 311-312 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-49var. ???, p-518,
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1 commentsquadrans
Licinius-I_RIC-VI-59-_7h_23,5mm_3,19g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VI 059, -/-//•TS•Γ•, AE-1 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG G N N, Jupiter standing facing, Scarce!81 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VI 059, -/-//•TS•Γ•, AE-1 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG G N N, Jupiter standing facing, Scarce!
avers:- IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, (1b, B), Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONS ERVATORI AVG G N N, Jupiter standing facing with head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding Victory on globe and leaning
on sceptre, eagle with wreath left.
exergo:-/-//•TS•Γ•, diameter: 23,5mm, weight: 3,19g, axis: 7h,
mint: Thessalonica, 3rd. off., date: 312-313 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-59, p-519, Scarce !
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Licinius-II__AE-3-Sivered_DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C_6J1l__IOVI-CONSER-VATORI_CAES-S_crescent-B_S-MAL_RIC25p7072nd_off_R2_Alexandria_317-320-AD__Q-001_axis-0h_19mm_2,75g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC VII 025, crescent/B//SMAL, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R2!!86 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC VII 025, crescent/B//SMAL, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R2!!
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI CONS ERVATORI CAESS, crescent in right field, Jupiter standing left, holding globe and scepter, B in right side.
exergo: crescent/B//SMAL, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,75g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-25, p-707, 2nd.off., R2!!,
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1 commentsquadrans
Licinius-II_AE-3-Follis_DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C_IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI-CAESS_-Gamma_SMANT-_RIC-29_C-xx_Antioch_317-320-AD__Q-001_17-19mm_2,55g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Antioch, RIC VII 029, -/Γ//SMANT, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R1!77 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Antioch, RIC VII 029, -/Γ//SMANT, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R1!
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI CONS ERVATORI CAES S, Γ in right field, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; captive to left.
exergo: -/Γ//SMANT, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 11h,
mint: Antioch, date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-29, p-680,3rd.off., R1!,
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Licinius-II_AE-3-Follis__DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C-6-J1-l__IOVI-CONSER-VATORI-CAESS_koszoru-A-_SMK_RIC-VII-11-p644-1st-off_-r3_Cyzicus_317-20-AD__Q-001_axis-0h_18mm_2,72g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 011, wreath/A//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R3!!!73 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 011, wreath/A//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R3!!!
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, 6,J1 l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI CONSER VATORI CAES S, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; wreath in left and A in right in field.
exergo: wreath/A//SMK, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,72g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st. off., date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC VII 11, p-644, R3 !!!,
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Licinius-II_AE-3-Follis_DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C-(6-J1-l_)_IOVI-CONSER-VATORI-CAESS_koszoru-B_SMK_RIC-VII-11-p644-2nd-off_-R3_Cyzicus_317-20-AD__Q-001_0h_18,5mm_2,62ga-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 011, wreath/B//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, Jupiter standing left, R3!!!86 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 011, wreath/B//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, Jupiter standing left, R3!!!
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, (6,J1 l.), Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI CONSER VATORI CAESS, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; wreath in left and B in right in field.
exergo: wreath/B//SMK, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 2,62g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 2nd. off., date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC VII 11, p-644, R3 !!!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Licinius-II_AE-3-Follis_DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C_6-G5-l__IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI_X_IIMu_SMH-Gamma_RIC-VII-54-p-548-3rd_off__Heraclea_321-24-20-AD_Q-001_11h_20-21mm_3,48g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 054, -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,83 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 054, -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C (6,G5-l.), Helmeted bust left holding spear and shield.
revers:- IOVI CONS ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on a globe andscepter, eagle with wreath in beak to left and captive to right at foot, X/IIΓ (=12.5 denarii) to right,
exergo: -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,48g, axis:11h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 321-324 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-54, p-548,
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quadrans
Licinius-II__AE-Follis-Sivered_DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C-(6d,B4)_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAESS_palm-dot-A_SMN_RIC-VII-34-p-605_Nicomedia_317-320-AD_R2_Q-001_0h_18-19mm_3,03g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Nicomedia, RIC VII 034, palm/•/A//SMN, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Jupiter standing left, R2!!87 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Nicomedia, RIC VII 034, palm/•/A//SMN, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Jupiter standing left, R2!!
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, (6d, B4), Laureate, draped bust right.
revers:- PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; palm in left down and • over A in right in field.
exergo: palm/•/A//SMN, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,03g, axis: 0h,
mint: Nicomedia, 1st. off., date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-34, p-605, R2!!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Licinius-II__AE-Follis-Sivered_DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C-6d-B4_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAESS-palm-dot-B_SMN_RIC-34-p605-R1_Nicomedia_317-320-AD__Q-001_axis-6h_18-20mm_2,56ga-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Nicomedia, RIC VII 034, palm/•/B//SMN, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Jupiter standing left, R1!65 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Nicomedia, RIC VII 034, palm/•/B//SMN, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Jupiter standing left, R1!
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, 6d, B4, Laureate, draped bust right.
revers:- PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; palm in left down and • over B in right in field.
exergo: palm/•/B//SMN, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,56g, axis: 6h,
mint: Nicomedia, 2nd. off., date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-34, p605, R1!,
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quadrans
Licinius-II__AE-3_LICINIAN-LICINIVS-IVN_6aB1_IOVI-CONS-E-RVATORI_P_TT_RIC-71_Ticinum_317-18-AD-R3_Q-001_0h_18,6-19,5mm_2,35g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 071, P/-//TT, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, R3!143 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 071, P/-//TT, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, R3!
avers:- LICINIAN LICINIVS IVN, 6a, B1, Laureate, head right.
revers:- IOVI CONS E RVATORI, Jupiter standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, leaning on sceptre, thunderbolt in right hand, P in left in field.
exergo: P/-//TT, diameter:18,6-19,5mm, weight: 2,35g, axis:0h,
mint:Ticinum, 3rd. off., date: 317-318A.D., ref: RIC-VII-71, p-371, R3!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
A-14_Rep_AR-Den_C_Aburius-Geminus_Helm-head-Roma-r_-GEM-behind_Mars-in-quadriga-r_-ex-C_ABVRI-ROMA_Crawford-244-1_Syd-490_Rome_134-BC_Q-001_axis-7h_17,5-18mm_3,76g-s.jpg
134 B.C., C. Aburius Geminus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 244/1, Rome, Jupiter in quadriga right,82 views134 B.C., C. Aburius Geminus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 244/1, Rome, Jupiter in quadriga right,
avers: GEM behind of helmeted head of Roma right, * below the chin.
reverse: Mars in quadriga right, holding the spear, shield, trophy and reins, C•ABVRI below, ROMA in exergue.
exergue: -/-//ROMA, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,76g, axis:7 h,
mint: Rome, date:134 B.C., ref: Crawford-244-1, Sydenham-490, Aburia 1,
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1304_P_Hadrian_RPC--.jpg
1340A Hadrian, Cistophorus IONIA Ephesus mint, Jupiter seated left12 viewsReference.
RPC III, -- ; Metcalf --; cf RIC II 478 var. (obverse legends). cf RPC III, 1340

Obv. HADRIANVS-AVGVSTVS P P
Bare head right.

Rev. IOVIS OLYMPIVS
Jupiter seated left holding sceptre in l. and cult image of Ephesian Artemis in right

9.91 gr
31 mm
7h
okidoki
0010-075.jpg
1343 - M. Aemilius Scaurus and P. Plautius Hypsaeus. Denarius73 viewsRome mint, 58 BC
M SCAVR AED CVR In two lines above camel, EX | SC, in exergue REX ARETAS, King Aretas of Nabataea, kneeling right beside a camel, holding an olive branch
P HVPSAEVS AED CVR in two lines, CAPTVM in the right field, C HVPSAE COS PREIVER in two lines, Jupiter driving a quadriga left, holding a thunderbolt
Ref : RCV #379
3 commentsPotator II
Rep_AR-Den_L_Trebanius-Helm-head-of-Roma-r__Jupiter-quadriga-r__L_TREBAVI_ex-ROMA_Crawford-241-1_Syd-456_Rome_135-BC_Q-001_axis-6h_18,5mm_3,46g-s.jpg
135 B.C., L.Trebanius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 241-1a, Rome, Jupiter in quadriga right,100 views135 B.C., L.Trebanius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 241-1a, Rome, Jupiter in quadriga right,
avers: Helmeted head of Roma right, behind, the mark of value X.
reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, holding sceptre and reins in left hand and hurling thunderbolt with the right hand, below horses, L•TREBANI. In exergue, ROMA.
exergue: -/-//ROMA, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 3,46g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 135 B.C., ref: Crawford 241-1a, Sydenham 456, Trebania 1, FFC 1161,
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1 commentsquadrans
RI 136a img.jpg
136 - Numerian Ant. - RIC 463 Bust Type C37 viewsObv:– IMP C NVMERIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right seen from the rear
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Jupiter presenting globe to Numerian
Minted in Cyzicus (S in centre field, XXI in exe)
Reference:– RIC V pt 2, 463
maridvnvm
RI 136h img.jpg
136 - Numerian Ant. - RIC 463 Bust Type C41 viewsObv:– IMP C NVMERIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right seen from the rear
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Jupiter presenting globe to Numerian
Minted in Cyzicus (B in centre field, XXI in exe)
Reference:– RIC V pt 2, 463
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Constantinus-I_AE-3-Follis_IMP-CONSTA-NTINVS-AVG-1-J1_l-_IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI-AVGG_koszoru-Z-_SMK_RIC-VII-8-p644-7th-off_-r2_Cyzicus_317-20-AD__Q-001_axis-5h_19mm_3,65g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 008, AE-3 Follis, wreath/Z//SMK, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, R2!!176 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 008, AE-3 Follis, wreath/Z//SMK, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, R2!!
avers:- IMP CONSTA NTINVS-AVG, 1,J1 l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI CONSER VATORI AVG G, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; wreath in left and Z in right in field.
exergo: wreath/Z//SMK, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,65g, axis: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, 7th. off., date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC VII 8, p644, R2!!
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1 commentsquadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_IMP-CONSTANTINVS-PF-AVG_IOVI-CON-SERVATORI_E_SIS_RIC-VII-3-p-423-5th-off_Siscia_315-6-AD_R2_Q-001_1h_21-21,5mm_3,30g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 003, AE-2 Follis, -/E//SIS, IOVI CONSERVATORI, R2!!99 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 003, AE-2 Follis, -/E//SIS, IOVI CONSERVATORI, R2!!
avers:- IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, 1a,B1., Laureate, bust right.
revers:- IOVI CON SER VATORI, Jupiter standing facing with head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding Victory on globe and leaning on sceptre, eagle with wreath to left and E in right in field.
exergo: -/E//SIS, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 3,30g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, 5th. off., date: 315-316 A.D., ref: RIC VII 003, p-423, R2!!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_IMP-CONSTANTINVS-AVG_IOVI-CON-SERVATORI_B_SIS_RIC-VII-7-p-Siscia_313-5-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 007, AE-3 Follis, -/B//SIS, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter, R3!!!177 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 007, AE-3 Follis, -/B//SIS, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter, R3!!!
avers:- IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- IOVICON SERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter, eagle with wreath in beak to left. B in the right field.
exergo: -/B//SIS, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd. off., date: 313-315 A.D., ref: RIC VII 7, R3!!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_IMP-CONSTANTINVS-PF-AVG_IOVI-CON-SERVATORI_Gamma_dot-SIS-dot_RIC-VII-15-p-424-3rd-off_Siscia_315-6-AD_R2_Q-001_6h_21,5mm_3,31gx-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 015, AE-2 Follis, -/Γ//•SIS•, IOVI CONSERVATORI, R2!!99 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 015, AE-2 Follis, -/Γ//•SIS•, IOVI CONSERVATORI, R2!!
avers:- IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, 1a,B1., Laureate, bust right.
revers:- IOVI CON SER VATORI, Jupiter standing facing with head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding Victory on globe and leaning on sceptre, eagle with wreath to left and Γ in right in field.
exergo: -/Γ//•SIS•, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 3,31g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 3rd. off., date: 315-316 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-015, p-424, R2!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantinus-I_AE-Follis_RIC-VII-15-p-424-2nd-off_-r1_Siscia_315-16-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 015, AE-2 Follis, -/B//•SIS•, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter, R1!105 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 015, AE-2 Follis, -/B//•SIS•, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter, R1!
avers:- IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, 1a-B1, Laureate head right.
revers:- IOVI CON SERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; eagle with wreath in beak to left. B in the right field.
exergo: -/B//•SIS•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd. off., date: 315-316 A.D., ref: RIC VII 15, p-424, R1!
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
658_P_Hadrian_RPC1390.JPG
1390 Hadrian, Cistophorus PHRYGIA Aezani Zeus Aezani standing38 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1390; Metcalf, Cistophori pag. 60, 49 Taf. 15, 220 ff; RIC II 497 note; RSC 275b

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right.

Rev. COS III
Jupiter (Zeus Aezani) naked to waist, standing left, holding eagle and scepter.

9.20 gr
26.5 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
Denario_Neron_RIC_69.jpg
14 - 16 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.) 72 viewsAR Denario 3,07 gr.

Anv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P P - Cabeza laureada a derecha.
Rev: IVPPITER CVSTOS - Júpiter sentado hacia la izq., portando trueno en mano derecha y largo cetro vertical en der..

Esta emisión se realiza para agradecerle a Júpiter El Guardian (CVSTOS), el haber actuado para salvarlo de la famosa Conspiración Pisoniana , según Nerón únicamente la intervención divina de Éste pudo evitar su muerte, nombrándolo de aquí en adelante como protector del Imperio Romano.
La Conspiración Pisoniana: Luego del incendio del centro de Roma acaecido en el 64 D.C., recordemos la imagen de Nerón tocando la lira mientras se quemaba Roma, Nerón comienza la construcción en el sector quemado del Domus Aurea o Casa Dorada, nombre recibido por los azulejos dorados en su fachada; Este y otros excesos del Emperador hacen que se forme una conspiración para derrocarlo y colocar en su lugar a Gaius Calpurnius Piso / Cayo Calpurnio Pisón, político perteneciente a una noble familia romana, contando con el apoyo de senadores y personajes cercanos al Emperador como Petronio, Lucano, Séneca, y Faenio Rufo, comandante de la Guardia Pretoriana. Cuando la conspiración fue descubierta Cayo Calpurnio Pisón optó por quitarse la vida. Esta Conspiración había sido preparada para el 19 de abril de 65 d. C., en el templo del dios Sol (vecino al Circo Máximo). El arma homicida había sido escondida en el templo de Ceres y el autor era un hombre de la clase de los senadores llamado Escevino, la conspiración fracasa cuando un esclavo de este último le cuenta al Emperador de las intenciones de su amo.

Acuñada: 67 - 68 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC I # 69 Pag.154 - Cohen I #122 Pag.200 - DVM #8 Pag.85 - BMC #80
mdelvalle
RIC_69_Denario_Neron.jpg
14-06 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.) 23 viewsAR Denario 18.6 mm 3,07 gr.

Anv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P P - Cabeza laureada a derecha.
Rev: IVPPITER CVSTOS - Júpiter sentado hacia la izq., portando trueno en mano derecha y largo cetro vertical en der..

Esta emisión se realiza para agradecerle a Júpiter El Guardian (CVSTOS), el haber actuado para salvarlo de la famosa Conspiración Pisoniana , según Nerón únicamente la intervención divina de Éste pudo evitar su muerte, nombrándolo de aquí en adelante como protector del Imperio Romano.
La Conspiración Pisoniana: Luego del incendio del centro de Roma acaecido en el 64 D.C., recordemos la imagen de Nerón tocando la lira mientras se quemaba Roma, Nerón comienza la construcción en el sector quemado del Domus Aurea o Casa Dorada, nombre recibido por los azulejos dorados en su fachada; Este y otros excesos del Emperador hacen que se forme una conspiración para derrocarlo y colocar en su lugar a Gaius Calpurnius Piso / Cayo Calpurnio Pisón, político perteneciente a una noble familia romana, contando con el apoyo de senadores y personajes cercanos al Emperador como Petronio, Lucano, Séneca, y Faenio Rufo, comandante de la Guardia Pretoriana. Cuando la conspiración fue descubierta Cayo Calpurnio Pisón optó por quitarse la vida. Esta Conspiración había sido preparada para el 19 de abril de 65 d. C., en el templo del dios Sol (vecino al Circo Máximo). El arma homicida había sido escondida en el templo de Ceres y el autor era un hombre de la clase de los senadores llamado Escevino, la conspiración fracasa cuando un esclavo de este último le cuenta al Emperador de las intenciones de su amo.

Acuñada: 67 - 68 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC I # 69 Pag.154 - Cohen I #122 Pag.200 - DVM #8 Pag.85 - BMC #80 - CBN #239 - Sear RCTV #1943 Pag.384 - RSC II #123 Pag.14
mdelvalle
Denario_Neron_Salus_RIC_67_Fourree.jpg
14-15 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)41 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA
Denario Forrado 17 mm 1.9 gr.

Anv: " NERO CAESAR - AVGVSTVS" - Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: Salus (La Salud) sentada en un trono a izquierda, portando patera en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido. "SALVS" en el exergo.

Este tipo se refiere a la supresión de la conspiración del Pisonian. El supuesto asesino Fl. Scaevinus, tomó una daga sagrada del templo de Salus en Ferentum para matar a Nerón, pero uno de los libertos de Scaevinus lo traicionó llevando esa misma daga a Nerón como evidencia. Neron dedicó la daga en el templo de Salus en Roma, escribiendo "a Júpiter el Protector". Por este motivo se promovieron con mucha fuerza a Salus y Júpiter Custos en toda la acuñación de Nerón como guardianes del reino..

Acuñada Con posterioridad al 66-67 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.I #60 Pag.153 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1945 var. (Leyenda del anverso) Pag.384 - BMCRE Vol.I #90 - Cohen Vol.1 #314 Pag.300 - DVM #15 Pag.85 - CBN #237 - RSC Vol. II #314 Pag.15
mdelvalle
12817p00.jpg
1403f, Constantine I (the Great), early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D. (Heraclea)20 viewsBronze follis, RIC 5, F/aF, 3.513g, 20.4mm, 180o, Heraclea mint, 313 A.D.; obverse IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSER-VATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding Victory and scepter, eagle with wreath in beek at feet, B in right field, SMHT in exergue.

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he reputedly told a group of bishops, "You are bishops of those within the church, but I am perhaps a bishop appointed by God of those outside." Whatever the motives for his decision to support Christianity, Christianity benefitted from the arrangement. So, too, did Constantine. It was a match made in heaven.
J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

For perhaps the best Constantine The Great site on the web, see Victor Clark's Constantine The Great Coins: http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/
Cleisthenes
CTGaeFolNico.jpg
1403g, Constantine I (the Great), early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D. (Nicomedia)22 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D. Bronze follis, RIC 12, aVF, Nicomedia mint, 2.760g, 22.0mm, 0o, 313 - 317 A.D. Obverse: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; Reverse: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and scepter, eagle with wreath in beak left, G right, SMN in exergue; scarce.

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he reputedly told a group of bishops, "You are bishops of those within the church, but I am perhaps a bishop appointed by God of those outside." Whatever the motives for his decision to support Christianity, Christianity benefitted from the arrangement. So, too, did Constantine. It was a match made in heaven.
J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

For perhaps the best Constantine The Great site on the web, see Victor Clark's Constantine The Great Coins: http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/
Cleisthenes
CTG.jpg
1403h, Constantine I (the Great), early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D. (Siscia)36 viewsBronze follis, RIC 232b, gVF, Siscia, 3.87g, 23.8mm, 180o, early 313 A.D. Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and scepter, eagle with wreath in beak left, E right, SIS in exergue.

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he reputedly told a group of bishops, "You are bishops of those within the church, but I am perhaps a bishop appointed by God of those outside." Whatever the motives for his decision to support Christianity, Christianity benefitted from the arrangement. So, too, did Constantine. It was a match made in heaven.
J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

For perhaps the best Constantine The Great site on the web, see Victor Clark's Constantine The Great Coins: http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/
Cleisthenes
CrispusRIC17.jpg
1404a, Crispus, Caesar 317 - 326 A.D. 38 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 17, aEF, Cyzicus mint, 3.196g, 19.9mm, 315o, 321 - 324 A.D.; Obverse: D N FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe in right and scepter in left, eagle with wreath in beak to left, X / IIG and captive right, SMKD in exergue; scarce (RIC R3). Ex FORVM.


De Imperatoribus Romanis;
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families

Crispus Caesar (317-326 A.D.)

Hans Pohlsander
SUNY Albany

Crispus was the oldest son of the emperor Constantine I and played a fairly important role in the political and military events of the early fourth century. The regular form of his full name is Flavius Iulius Crispus, although the forms Flavius Claudius Crispus and Flavius Valerius Crispus also occur. His mother was a woman named Minervina, with whom Constantine had a relationship, probably illegitimate, before he married Fausta in 307. When Minervina died or when Constantine put her aside we do not know. Nor do we know when she gave birth to Crispus; we may assume, of course, that it was before 307. Some modern authorities, on good grounds, think that it was in 305. Crispus' place of birth must have been somewhere in the East, and it is not known when he was brought to Gaul and when, where, or under what circumstances he was separated from his mother.

Constantine entrusted the education of his son to the distinguished Christian scholar Lactantius, thereby giving a clear sign of his commitment to Christianity. We are not told when Lactantius assumed his duties, but a date before 317 seems likely. Nor do we know how successful he was in instilling Christian beliefs and values in his imperial pupil. No later than January of 322 Crispus must have married a woman named Helena -- not to be confused with Constantine's mother or daughter by the same name- and this woman bore him a child in October of 322. Constantine, we learn, was pleased.

Crispus' official career began at an early age and is well documented. On March 1 of 317, at Serdica (modern Sofia), his father appointed him Caesar. The consulship was his three times, in 318, 321, and 324. While nominally in charge of Gaul, with a prefect at his side, he successfully undertook military operations against the Franks and Alamanni in 320 and 323.

In 324, during the second war between Constantine and Licinius, he excelled as commander of Constantine's fleet in the waters of the Hellespont, the Propontis, and the Bosporus, thus making a significant contribution to the outcome of that war. The high points of his career are amply reflected in the imperial coinage. In addition to coins, we have his portrait, with varying degrees of certainty, in a number of sculptures, mosaics, cameos, etc. Contemporary authors heap praises upon him. Thus the panegyrist Nazarius speaks of Crispus' "magnificent deeds," and Eusebius calls him "an emperor most dear to God and in all regards comparable to his father."

Crispus' end was as tragic as his career had been brilliant. His own father ordered him to be put to death. We know the year of this sad event, 326, from the Consularia Constantinopolitana, and the place, Pola in Istria, from Ammianus Marcellinus. The circumstances, however, are less clear. Zosimus (6th c.) and Zonaras (12th c.) both report that Crispus and his stepmother Fausta were involved in an illicit relationship. There may be as much gossip as fact in their reports, but it is certain that at some time during the same year the emperor ordered the death of his own wife as well, and the two cases must be considered together. That Crispus and Fausta plotted treason is reported by Gregory of Tours, but not very believable. We must resolutely reject the claim of Zosimus that it was Constantine's sense of guilt over these deeds which caused him to accept Christianity, as it alone promised him forgiveness for his sins. A similar claim had already been made by Julian the Apostate. We must also, I think, reject the suggestion of Guthrie that the emperor acted in the interest of "dynastic legitimacy," that is, that he removed his illegitimate first-born son in order to secure the succession for his three legitimate younger sons. But Crispus must have committed, or at least must have been suspected of having committed, some especially shocking offense to earn him a sentence of death from his own father. He also suffered damnatio memoriae, his honor was never restored, and history has not recorded the fate of his wife and his child (or children).

Copyright (C) 1997, Hans A. Pohlsander. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis;An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families:
http://www.roman-emperors.org/crispus.htm


What If?

St. Nectarios, in his book, The Ecumenical Synods, writes "Hellenism spread by Alexander paved the way for Christianity by Emperor Constantine the Great."

Constantine's upward gaze on his "Eyes to Heaven" coins recall the coin portraits of Alexander the Great (namely coins struck by the Diodochi), which served as prototypes for the divine ruler portraiture of much of the Hellenistic age. The diadem, of which this is the most elaborate type, was adopted by Constantine and the members of his house as a new symbol of sovereignty.

In the Greek Orthodox Church, Constantine the Great is revered as a Saint.

Is it just possible? Constantine, knowing what happened (or thinking that he does) to Phillip II of Macedon—assassinated on the eve of his greatness, in a plot that most likely involved his wife—and possibly his son. . . isn’t it just possible that Constantine is growing obsessively jealous of his ever more successful and adulated son? Imagine the Constantine who has proven time and again (think: Licinius) that he is a completely self-serving liar and a murderer, decides to murder again? Why "must we resolutely reject the claim of Zosimus that it was Constantine's sense of guilt over these deeds which caused him to accept Christianity, as it alone promised him forgiveness for his sins [?] (see: above). A similar claim had already been made by Julian the [Philosopher]."

Perhaps it is time to cease being apologists for the sometime megalomaniacal Constantine. As Michael Grant notes, "It is a mocking travesty of justice to call such a murderer Constantine the Great . . ." (Grant, Michael. The Emperor Constantine. London: Phoenix Press, 1998. 226).


Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


Cleisthenes
RI_141cu_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - Antoninianus - RIC V 167 Bust Type F17 viewsAntoninianus
Obv: IMP DIOCLE-TIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev: IOVI F-VLGERATORI, [to Jupiter the Thunderer] Jupiter, naked except for cloak fluttering over left arm, right foot drawn back in act to throw thunderbolt, which is raised up in right hand; head right, At feet left., eagle standing left, head right
Minted in Rome (//XXIB).
Reference(s) – RIC V 167 Bust Type F

3.77 gms. 24.46 mm. 0 degrees
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_141cr_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - Antoninianus - RIC V Pt 2, 28 17 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding globe in right hand
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding victory in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand, at foot eagle
Minted in Lugdunum (// A). Emission 7. Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
Reference:– Cohen 151 (2f) Bastien 322 (9 examples cited). RIC V 28
maridvnvm
RI_141bs_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - Antoninianus - RIC V Pt 2, 28 Bust Type H16 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding eagle headed sceptre
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding victory in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand, at foot eagle
Minted in Lugdunum (// A). Emission 7. Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
Reference:– Cohen 153 (2f) Bastien 323 (39 examples). RIC V Pt. 2, 28 Bust Type H
22mm. 2.77g

Ex- H.J. Berk
maridvnvm
RI_141ch_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C12 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (D // XXI Dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
maridvnvm
RI_141cc_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C10 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (E // XXI Dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
maridvnvm
RI_141by_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C10 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (? // XXI Dot) Uncertain officina mark. Clogged die?
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
maridvnvm