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Search results - "Imitation,"
01115q00.jpg
18 viewsJustin I, 518-527. Pentanummium (Bronze, 11 mm, 1.86 g, 7 h), uncertain mint. [...] Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Justin I to left. Rev. The Tyche of Antioch seated left; to left, Є. Cf. DOC 57 var., MIB 678 var. and SB 111 var. (all with bust to right). A curious coin with the portrait facing left instead of right, possibly a contemporary imitation. Very fine. Quant.Geek
var_c.jpg
35 viewsBarbarian imitation...1 commentsverslaflamme
Philip_I_barbarous.jpg
2 Philip I15 viewsPhilip I
AR Antoninianus
Barbarous Imitation
4.59g

I can't imagine this coin would have fooled many people!
Sosius
barbarian.png
Barbarous Imitation of Constantine era coin ,Danubian Celts37 viewsLaureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right. Legend H H H H H H H T
Rev :H H H H H H H H H mint mark T? HII Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield
2 commentsBritanikus
LION.jpg
Celtic imitation of Thrace. Odessos. AE 19mm.56 viewsCeltic imitation of Thrace. Odessos.
Late 3rd century BC.
Obv. Laureate head of Zeus right
Rev. Horseman riding right, OΔΗΣΙΤΩΝ ,
1 commentsLee S
Postumus_Double_Sest_RIC_207.jpg
Gallic 1 Postumus30 viewsPOSTUMUS
Double Sestertius, 15.89g
Radiate Bust r. / LAETITIA AVG, Galley
A Contemporary imitation, as indicated by the style and the fact that the E in the reverse legend is retrograde
Bastien 373; RIC 207
ex Harlan J. Berk
1 commentsSosius
_Macedon_c.jpg
Macedon9 viewsCoins of the ancient Greek cities and Kings of Macedon, and some celtic imitations thereof. Includes the Hellenistic kings of Macedon and Roman successors. Principal mints: Akanthos, Amphipolis and Pella. 1 commentsAnaximander
48+1_Even_Better.jpg
Parliament of 49 Owls16 views24 Thompson old catalogue
13 Thompson middle catalogue
8 Thompson late catalogue of which 3 are post-Sullan
3 Imitations of which 1 "old catalogue" 1, "late catalogue" & 1 "post Sullan"
1 pseudo-Athenian New Style Thompson type ii Sullan "Lucullean" issue
cicerokid
Domitian_Horseback.jpg
RIC 0539 variant Domitian denarius71 viewsCAES AV DOMIT COS II
Laureate head right

Domitian on horse left; right hand raised, sceptre in left

Rome? 73 AD

3.34g

RIC 539 (R2) variant?: Missing G and F in legend.

Ex-Jerusalem Haydaya

Stylistically this coin resembles some others of this type but without the legend errors. The fabric is similar to those from Antioch. Is this an ancient imitation or perhaps an apprentice cut the legend? Or is it an unknown type from Antioch?
3 commentsJay GT4
Vandals_-__Thrasamund,_496-523_AD,_N_Africa.JPG
106 viewsVANDALS, Thrasamund. 496-523.
Ć Nummus (10mm, 0.40 g)
Contemporary Vandalic imitation. Carthage mint.
Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm
MEC 1, 31-2; BMC Vandals 37-41
Ardatirion
00021x00~0.jpg
39 viewsTiberius. AD 14-37
Ć As (26mm, 9.14 g, 12 h)
Gaul? Imitating Rome mint issue struck AD 21-22
[TI CAESAR DIV]I AVG F AVGVST IMP [VII or VIII]
Bare head right
PONT[IF MAXIM TRIBVN] POTEST XXXIIII
Livia seated right, holding patera and long scepter; SC flanking
Cf. Cohen 19

The authors of RIC I do not recognize this type as being official. Cohen likely saw a similar imitation, assuming it to be an original mint issue.
1 commentsArdatirion
00036x00~0.jpg
33 viewsFaustina Junior . Augusta, AD 147-175
PB Denarius (18mm, 2.76 g, 10 h)
Cast imitation? Copying a Rome mint issue of circa AD 161-175
Draped bust right
Diana Lucifera standing facing, head left, holding transverse torch
Cf. RIC III 674 (Pius)

Iron(?) inclusion in center of reverse
1 commentsArdatirion
charles2-gdr-curtisasonien.JPG
D.375 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Courcessin?)35 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Courcessin?, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.43 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +I.CVRTISΛSONIEH; cross pattée

In 864, Charles the Bald promulgated the edict of Pîtres, huge reform whose aim was to protect the kingdom from Viking raids. It also reinforced royal authority on minting, and created a new type of deniers . The new coins could be only struck at 10 mints (Palace, Chalon sur Saône, Melle, Narbonne, Orléans, Paris, Quentovic, Reims, Rouen and Sens). This limitation had never been applied, more than 110 mints struck the new coinage. This can be understood as a lack of control of the central autority. However it seems that several mints shared dies... Grierson and Blackburn proposed that only 10 main mints produced dies and partially outsourced coinage production ?
On the obverse is written GRATIA D-I REX (GDR) around a carolingian monogram. The alliance with Roman Church goes on... The reverse already existed for Class 1, with the mint name around a cross pattée.
Class 2 of Charles' coinage is made of these GDR deniers.

The precise localization of the mint in Normandie (north of France) is still not clear. According to Grierson and Blackburn, Courti(s) Sasonien(sis) may come from some groups of Saxons settled in northern part of Gaul.
Droger
tetricus2-minimus-pax.JPG
Tetricus II: minimi (Pax Avgg)19 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Pax Avgg (274?)

Bronze, 1.90 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 6h

A/ [C PIV] ESV T[ETRICV]S CAES; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ PAX-A[VGG]; Pax standing left, wearing a helmet (!), holding a flower and a sceptre

Curious representation of Pax on this local imitation.

Droger
raoul-denier-orleans.JPG
D.733 Rudolph (denier, Orléans)8 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Orléans)

Silver, 1.27 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +CRΛTIΛ D-I REX; monogram RDFS (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛ cross pattée

This monogram is clearly an imitation of the tradition KRLS Charles' one. As often in Orléans' coinage, the I after an L in Avrelianis is in the angle of the L.
Droger
rjb_2011_03_05.jpg
(VI) 6a imitation20 viewsDiocletian
IM DIOCLETIANVS P AG
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 6a imitation
mauseus
rjb_lon1_05_06.jpg
(VI) 17cf imitation26 viewsMaximianus I
IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) - (cf17-19) imitation
mauseus
rjb_lond2_01_09.jpg
(VI) 42 imitation19 viewsMaximianus I
IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 42 imitation
mauseus
IMITATIVE OTTOMAN.jpg
*IMITATION OTTOMAN Cedid Mahmudiye967 viewsThis piece came in a bag of modern Foreign coins - 21 pounds! May be gold inside!!!
The dating did not seem right to me! From the experts at Zeno, I found a similar issue..... This attribution from Zeno:
Imitation of gold cedid mahmudiye (KM, Turkey #645) with distorted inscriptions and fantasy regnal year 78. Made for jewelry purposes throughout the 19th and early 20th century, very likely outside Turkey: similar imitations are met in abundance in South Russia and Ukraine, along the shores of Black and Azov seas, where they were widely used for adorning Gypsy and native Greek women's garments.

So, as you see, it is not exactly a FAKE or a COUNTERFEIT - it is an IMITATION, so the makers could not get into trouble. The regnal years alone would show that the coin was not "real" -

An interesting piece that may turn up from time to time!
dpaul7
RI_015c_img.jpg
015 - Claudius Ae AS - Barbarous29 viewsAe AS
Obv:– TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
Rev:– CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand
Minted in Rome. A.D. 41-50
Reference:- RIC 95, Cohen 14, BMC 140

The style looks a little crude and the legends lack uniformity though are quite legible. It is also light, weighing in at only 7.85 gms. The die orientation is 180 degrees.

Would appear to be an ancient imitation.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
Ant_Pius_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-PP_CONCOR-DIA-AVG_Q-001_6h_17mm_2,96g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III ???, Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA AVG, Concordia standing right, Ancient imitation ?89 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III ???, Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA AVG, Concordia standing right, Ancient imitation ?
avers: ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P, Laureated bust right.
revers: CONCOR-DIA-AVG, Concordia standing right, holding sceptre and cornucopiae.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 2,96g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 159 A.D., ref: RIC-III--p-, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
Faustina_sen_Ag-Den_DIVA-FAV-STINA_AETE-R-NITAS_RIC-III-AP-344_C-32_Rome_141-AD_Q-001_6h_17-17,5mm_2,88ga-s.jpg
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0344var. (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AETERNITAS, Juno standing left, Unofficial, or ancient imitation !!!74 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0344var. (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AETERNITAS, Juno standing left, Unofficial, or ancient imitation !!!
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-FAV-STINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- AETE-R-NITAS, Juno standing left, hand raised, holding scepter.
exerg: -/-//-- , diameter: 17-17,5mm, weight: 2,88g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 148-161 A.D. ???, ref: RIC-III-344 ??? (Antoninus Pius)p- , C-26,
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Ant_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_TEMPORVM-FELICITAS_Roma-RIC-_Q-001_21-22mm_5_02g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I Not in, Caracalla and Ellagabal (plated) fouree Antoninianus contemporary hybrid imitation,83 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I Not in, Caracalla and Ellagabal (plated) fouree Antoninianus contemporary hybrid imitation,
"It's a fourree, and it's a contemporary imitation."- by Robert Brenchley- many thanks
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Caracalla (198 - 217), Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right 215? (Rome).
revers:- TEMPORVM-FELICITAS, Ellagaball (218 - 222), Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia. 219-220 (Rome).
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 5,02g, axis: -h,
mint: ???, date: ??? , ref: ???,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
ImitationBlack.jpg
056/3 Ancient imitation21 viewsAnonymous. Ae Semis imitation. Probably first century BC. Obv: Laureate head of Saturn r.; behind, S. Rev: Prow r.; above, S and below, ROMA.
Crawford 56/3

Style and shape is not the best on this coin. However, as an ancient imitation it does have historical value.
Paddy
Roman_Bronze_black.jpg
056/3 Spanish imitation in good style29 viewsAnonymous. Ae Semis. Second or first century BC. (6.58 g, 20.55 mm) Obv: Laureate head of Saturn r.; behind, S. Rev: Prow r.; above, S and below, ROMA.
Syd 143a; Crawford 56/3

In 1982 a conference report was published that contained a joint debate between Crawford and the Spanish numismatist Villaronga. Villaronga illustrated a number of coins from site finds near Cadiz, and concluded that they were good style Spanish imitations. Every year about 10 or 20 similar coins appear on the Spanish market, but none appear in Italian sources.

Thank you Mccabe for helping with the attribution.
Paddy
RI_064oa_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Barbarous Imitation denarius44 viewsObv:- L SEPT SEV PE-RT AVG IMP I - I or VII-I, laureate head right
Rev:- VICTORIA AVGVSTI, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
Ancient imitation which apparently copies the style of Laodicea-ad-Mare
maridvnvm
RI_064tm_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus barbarous imitation denarius27 viewsDenarius
Obv:- IMV (sic) CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:- LEG II ADIVT / TR P COS, Legionary eagle between two standards
Barbarous imitation of coins minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:- cf RIC 5
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064ol_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus barbarous imitation denarius - copies RIC 42844 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEPT ERT AVT COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– VICTOR SEV-E-R AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in unofficial mint
Reference:– copies (BMCRE 399. RIC IV 428 (S). RSC 749 )
maridvnvm
RI_064sj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - Barbarous18 viewsBarbarous Imitation Denarius
Obv:- SEVERVS AVG PART MAX, laureate head right
Rev:- VICT AG VG ??I, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
Minted in barbarous imitation. A.D.
maridvnvm
RI_064rk_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - Barbarous imitation39 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG CO, Laureate head right
Rev:– VICT AVG TR P [COS II P P], Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in Barbaric Imitation. Copying the style of Emesa
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064dj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 114 var. (Barbarous imitation)27 viewsObv:– L SEP SEV PERT AVG IM C P X, Laureate head right
Rev:– MART[I V]IC, Mars standing front, head right, resting right hand on shield set on low base, spear in right hand.
RIC 114 var
This coin looks like it is a barbarous imitation of RIC 114. Whilst the style is quite pleasing the legends are quite severely blundered.

Ex. Forvm
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064ho_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus, denarius, Ancient imitation?18 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– AEQVIT AVG TR P COS II, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia

I will freely admit that I bought this coin hoping that it would be a scarce Laodicea type combined with a hybrid reverse of Pertinax. Having discussed the coin with Curtis Clay he is of the opinion that :-
"I think I would consider the coin to be an ancient imitation.
The style is not right for the IMP II series.
That exact rev. type of Pertinax is known on authentic Alexandrian denarii of SS, but there with the obv. legend is that of 193 (probably the coin BMC and RIC refer to as hybrid), and again the coin is in different style."

I am still happy with my purchase and it is still an interesting coin. Perhaps one day I will be able to find out some more about it.
maridvnvm
RI_064ho_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus, denarius, Ancient imitation? 8 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– AEQVIT AVG TR P COS II, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia

I will freely admit that I bought this coin hoping that it would be a scarce Laodicea type combined with a hybrid reverse of Pertinax. Having discussed the coin with Curtis Clay he is of the opinion that :-
"I think I would consider the coin to be an ancient imitation.
The style is not right for the IMP II series.
That exact rev. type of Pertinax is known on authentic Alexandrian denarii of SS, but there with the obv. legend is that of 193 (probably the coin BMC and RIC refer to as hybrid), and again the coin is in different style."

I am still happy with my purchase and it is still an interesting coin. Perhaps one day I will be able to find out some more about it.
maridvnvm
RI_065w_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna barbarous denarius - RIC -29 viewsObv:– IVLIA DO-MNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– LIBE-RI AVG, Liberalitas seated left, holding accounting board and cornucopiae
Barbarous mint
Reference(s) – None. Appears to be Barbarous imitation of IV 627a.
Martin Griffiths
Maximinus-I_IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_RIC_7A,_RSC_7a(anc-barb-imitation-fouree)_Q-003_6h_18,5-19mm_2,66ga-s~0.jpg
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!! #369 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!! #3
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, a standard in each hand.
exerg: , diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: (RIC-IV-II-7A, p-, RSC-7a,) ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!!
Q-003
quadrans
Maximinus-I_IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_RIC_7A,_RSC_7a(anc-barb-imitation-fouree)_Q-003_6h_18,5-19mm_2,66ga-s~1.jpg
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!! #364 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!! #3
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, a standard in each hand.
exerg: , diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: (RIC-IV-II-7A, p-, RSC-7a,) ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!!
Q-003
quadrans
Maximinus-I_IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_RIC_7A,_RSC_7a(anc-barb-imitation-fouree)_Q-003_6h_18,5-19mm_2,66ga-s.jpg
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!! #474 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!! #4
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, a standard in each hand.
exerg: , diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: (RIC-IV-II-7A, p-, RSC-7a,) ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!!
Q-004
1 commentsquadrans
athensfraction.jpg
1. Attica, Athens. 460-455 BC. (Most Likely an Eastern imitation)91 viewsAR Obol.
obv: Helmeted head of Athena right
rev: Owl standing right, head facing, AQE to right, leaf to left.
CGPCGP
Tetricus-I_AE-Ant_xxx-TETRICVS-PF-AVG_xx-AVG_RIC-_p-_AD_Q-001_5h_16-17,5mm_1,59ga-s.jpg
102 Tetricus I., (270-2272 A.D.), RIC V-II 100 (Imitation), (Treveri ?), Not official mint, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//--, PAX AVG, Pax standing left, #194 views102 Tetricus I., (270-2272 A.D.), RIC V-II 100 (Imitation), (Treveri ?), Not official mint, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//--, PAX AVG, Pax standing left, #1
avers: (IMP C) TETRICVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped bust right.
reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 16,0-17,5mm, weight: 1,59g, axes: 5h,
mint: Not official mint, (Treveri ?), date: 272-273 (???) A.D., ref: RIC V-II 100 (Imitation), Not official mint,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Quinar-Silvered_PROBVS-AVG_VIVICTORIA-GERM_RIC-_AD_Q-001_axis-5h_14,5-15,5mm_1,33gx-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Quinar, RIC V-II , VICTORIA GERM, Bust-G, Trophy between two captives. MODERN IMITATION!!!89 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Quinar, RIC V-II , VICTORIA GERM, Bust-G, Trophy between two captives. MODERN IMITATION!!!
avers:- PROBVS-AVG, Helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (G).
revers:- VICTORIA-GERM, Trophy between two captives..
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 14,5-15,5mm, weight: 1,33g, axis-5h,
mint: MODERN IMITATION!!!, date: , ref: ,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_121c_img.jpg
121 - Tetricus II copy - Barbarous radiate copy of Antoninianus - RIC 07219 viewsBarbarous imitation of Antoninianus
Obv:– S (sic) P E TETRICVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right
Rev:– PIETAS AVGVSTOR, Sacrificial implements, spinkler, simpulum, jug and lituus
Barbarous imitation
Reference:– Copies RIC 259; Elmer 773, 777; AGK (corr.) 5a;
maridvnvm
Julian2VotXConstantinople.jpg
1409a, Julian II "the Philosopher," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.143 viewsJulian II, A.D. 360-363; RIC 167; VF; 2.7g, 20mm; Constantinople mint; Obverse: DN FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted & cuirassed bust right, holding spear & shield; Reverse: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines within wreath; CONSPB in exergue; Attractive green patina. Ex Nemesis.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Julian the Apostate (360-363 A.D.)

Walter E. Roberts, Emory University
Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University

Introduction

The emperor Flavius Claudius Julianus reigned from 360 to 26 June 363, when he was killed fighting against the Persians. Despite his short rule, his emperorship was pivotal in the development of the history of the later Roman empire. This essay is not meant to be a comprehensive look at the various issues central to the reign of Julian and the history of the later empire. Rather, this short work is meant to be a brief history and introduction for the general reader. Julian was the last direct descendent of the Constantinian line to ascend to the purple, and it is one of history's great ironies that he was the last non-Christian emperor. As such, he has been vilified by most Christian sources, beginning with John Chrysostom and Gregory Nazianzus in the later fourth century. This tradition was picked up by the fifth century Eusebian continuators Sozomen, Socrates Scholasticus, and Theodoret and passed on to scholars down through the 20th century. Most contemporary sources, however, paint a much more balanced picture of Julian and his reign. The adoption of Christianity by emperors and society, while still a vital concern, was but one of several issues that concerned Julian.

It is fortunate that extensive writings from Julian himself exist, which help interpret his reign in the light of contemporary evidence. Still extant are some letters, several panegyrics, and a few satires. Other contemporary sources include the soldier Ammianus Marcellinus' history, correspondence between Julian and Libanius of Antioch, several panegyrics, laws from the Theodosian Code, inscriptions, and coinage. These sources show Julian's emphasis on restoration. He saw himself as the restorer of the traditional values of Roman society. Of course much of this was rhetoric, meant to defend Julian against charges that he was a usurper. At the same time this theme of restoration was central to all emperors of the fourth century. Julian thought that he was the one emperor who could regain what was viewed as the lost glory of the Roman empire. To achieve this goal he courted select groups of social elites to get across his message of restoration. This was the way that emperors functioned in the fourth century. By choosing whom to include in the sharing of power, they sought to shape society.

Early Life

Julian was born at Constantinople in 331. His father was Julius Constantius, half-brother of the emperor Constantine through Constantius Chlorus, and his mother was Basilina, Julius' second wife. Julian had two half-brothers via Julius' first marriage. One of these was Gallus, who played a major role in Julian's life. Julian appeared destined for a bright future via his father's connection to the Constantinian house. After many years of tense relations with his three half-brothers, Constantine seemed to have welcomed them into the fold of the imperial family. From 333 to 335, Constantine conferred a series of honors upon his three half-siblings, including appointing Julius Constantius as one of the consuls for 335. Julian's mother was equally distinguished. Ammianus related that she was from a noble family. This is supported by Libanius, who claimed that she was the daughter of Julius Julianus, a Praetorian Prefect under Licinius, who was such a model of administrative virtue that he was pardoned and honored by Constantine.

Despite the fact that his mother died shortly after giving birth to him, Julian experienced an idyllic early childhood. This ended when Constantius II conducted a purge of many of his relatives shortly after Constantine's death in 337, particularly targeting the families of Constantine's half-brothers. ulian and Gallus were spared, probably due to their young age. Julian was put under the care of Mardonius, a Scythian eunuch who had tutored his mother, in 339, and was raised in the Greek philosophical tradition, and probably lived in Nicomedia. Ammianus also supplied the fact that while in Nicomedia, Julian was cared for by the local bishop Eusebius, of whom the future emperor was a distant relation. Julian was educated by some of the most famous names in grammar and rhetoric in the Greek world at that time, including Nicocles and Hecebolius. In 344 Constantius II sent Julian and Gallus to Macellum in Cappadocia, where they remained for six years. In 351, Gallus was made Caesar by Constantius II and Julian was allowed to return to Nicomedia, where he studied under Aedesius, Eusebius, and Chrysanthius, all famed philosophers, and was exposed to the Neo-Platonism that would become such a prominent part of his life. But Julian was most proud of the time he spent studying under Maximus of Ephesus, a noted Neo-Platonic philospher and theurgist. It was Maximus who completed Julian's full-scale conversion to Neo-Platonism. Later, when he was Caesar, Julian told of how he put letters from this philosopher under his pillows so that he would continue to absorb wisdom while he slept, and while campaigning on the Rhine, he sent his speeches to Maximus for approval before letting others hear them. When Gallus was executed in 354 for treason by Constantius II, Julian was summoned to Italy and essentially kept under house arrest at Comum, near Milan, for seven months before Constantius' wife Eusebia convinced the emperor that Julian posed no threat. This allowed Julian to return to Greece and continue his life as a scholar where he studied under the Neo-Platonist Priscus. Julian's life of scholarly pursuit, however, ended abruptly when he was summoned to the imperial court and made Caesar by Constantius II on 6 November 355.

Julian as Caesar

Constantius II realized an essential truth of the empire that had been evident since the time of the Tetrarchy--the empire was too big to be ruled effectively by one man. Julian was pressed into service as Caesar, or subordinate emperor, because an imperial presence was needed in the west, in particular in the Gallic provinces. Julian, due to the emperor's earlier purges, was the only viable candidate of the imperial family left who could act as Caesar. Constantius enjoined Julian with the task of restoring order along the Rhine frontier. A few days after he was made Caesar, Julian was married to Constantius' sister Helena in order to cement the alliance between the two men. On 1 December 355, Julian journeyed north, and in Augusta Taurinorum he learned that Alamannic raiders had destroyed Colonia Agrippina. He then proceeded to Vienne where he spent the winter. At Vienne, he learned that Augustudunum was also under siege, but was being held by a veteran garrison. He made this his first priority, and arrived there on 24 June 356. When he had assured himself that the city was in no immediate danger, he journeyed to Augusta Treverorum via Autessioduram, and from there to Durocortorum where he rendezvoused with his army. Julian had the army stage a series of punitive strikes around the Dieuse region, and then he moved them towards the Argentoratum/Mongontiacum region when word of barbarian incursions reached him.

From there, Julian moved on to Colonia Agrippina, and negotiated a peace with the local barbarian leaders who had assaulted the city. He then wintered at Senonae. He spent the early part of the campaigning season of 357 fighting off besiegers at Senonae, and then conducting operations around Lugdunum and Tres Tabernae. Later that summer, he encountered his watershed moment as a military general. Ammianus went into great detail about Julian's victory over seven rogue Alamannic chieftains near Argentoratum, and Julian himself bragged about it in his later writing. After this battle, the soldiers acclaimed Julian Augustus, but he rejected this title. After mounting a series of follow-up raids into Alamannic territory, he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia, and on the way defeated some Frankish raiders in the Mosa region. Julian considered this campaign one of the major events of his time as Caesar.

Julian began his 358 military campaigns early, hoping to catch the barbarians by surprise. His first target was the Franks in the northern Rhine region. He then proceeded to restore some forts in the Mosa region, but his soldiers threatened to mutiny because they were on short rations and had not been paid their donative since Julian had become Caesar. After he soothed his soldiers, Julian spent the rest of the summer negotiating a peace with various Alamannic leaders in the mid and lower Rhine areas, and retired to winter quarters at Lutetia. In 359, he prepared once again to carry out a series of punitive expeditions against the Alamanni in the Rhine region who were still hostile to the Roman presence. In preparation, the Caesar repopulated seven previously destroyed cities and set them up as supply bases and staging areas. This was done with the help of the people with whom Julian had negotiated a peace the year before. Julian then had a detachment of lightly armed soldiers cross the Rhine near Mogontiacum and conduct a guerilla strike against several chieftains. As a result of these campaigns, Julian was able to negotiate a peace with all but a handful of the Alamannic leaders, and he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia.

Of course, Julian did more than act as a general during his time as Caesar. According to Ammianus, Julian was an able administrator who took steps to correct the injustices of Constantius' appointees. Ammianus related the story of how Julian prevented Florentius, the Praetorian Prefect of Gaul, from raising taxes, and also how Julian actually took over as governor for the province of Belgica Secunda. Hilary, bishop of Poitiers, supported Ammianus' basic assessment of Julian in this regard when he reported that Julian was an able representative of the emperor to the Gallic provincials. There is also epigraphic evidence to support Julian's popularity amongst the provincial elites. An inscription found near Beneventum in Apulia reads:
"To Flavius Claudius Julianus, most noble and sanctified Caesar, from the caring Tocius Maximus, vir clarissimus, for the care of the res publica from Beneventum".

Tocius Maximus, as a vir clarissimus, was at the highest point in the social spectrum and was a leader in his local community. This inscription shows that Julian was successful in establishing a positive image amongst provincial elites while he was Caesar.

Julian Augustus

In early 360, Constantius, driven by jealousy of Julian's success, stripped Julian of many troops and officers, ostensibly because the emperor needed them for his upcoming campaign against the Persians. One of the legions ordered east, the Petulantes, did not want to leave Gaul because the majority of the soldiers in the unit were from this region. As a result they mutinied and hailed Julian as Augustus at Lutetia. Julian refused this acclamation as he had done at Argentoratum earlier, but the soldiers would have none of his denial. They raised him on a shield and adorned him with a neck chain, which had formerly been the possession of the standard-bearer of the Petulantes and symbolized a royal diadem. Julian appeared reluctantly to acquiesce to their wishes, and promised a generous donative. The exact date of his acclamation is unknown, but most scholars put it in February or March. Julian himself supported Ammianus' picture of a jealous Constantius. In his Letter to the Athenians, a document constructed to answer charges that he was a usurper, Julian stated that from the start he, as Caesar, had been meant as a figurehead to the soldiers and provincials. The real power he claimed lay with the generals and officials already present in Gaul. In fact, according to Julian, the generals were charged with watching him as much as the enemy. His account of the actual acclamation closely followed what Ammianus told us, but he stressed even more his reluctance to take power. Julian claimed that he did so only after praying to Zeus for guidance.

Fearing the reaction of Constantius, Julian sent a letter to his fellow emperor justifying the events at Lutetia and trying to arrange a peaceful solution. This letter berated Constantius for forcing the troops in Gaul into an untenable situation. Ammianus stated that Julian's letter blamed Constantius' decision to transfer Gallic legions east as the reason for the soldiers' rebellion. Julian once again asserted that he was an unwilling participant who was only following the desire of the soldiers. In both of these basic accounts Ammianus and Julian are playing upon the theme of restoration. Implicit in their version of Julian's acclamation is the argument that Constantius was unfit to rule. The soldiers were the vehicle of the gods' will. The Letter to the Athenians is full of references to the fact that Julian was assuming the mantle of Augustus at the instigation of the gods. Ammianus summed up this position nicely when he related the story of how, when Julian was agonizing over whether to accept the soldiers' acclamation, he had a dream in which he was visited by the Genius (guardian spirit) of the Roman state. The Genius told Julian that it had often tried to bestow high honors upon Julian but had been rebuffed. Now, the Genius went on to say, was Julian's final chance to take the power that was rightfully his. If the Caesar refused this chance, the Genius would depart forever, and both Julian and the state would rue Julian's rejection. Julian himself wrote a letter to his friend Maximus of Ephesus in November of 361 detailing his thoughts on his proclamation. In this letter, Julian stated that the soldiers proclaimed him Augustus against his will. Julian, however, defended his accession, saying that the gods willed it and that he had treated his enemies with clemency and justice. He went on to say that he led the troops in propitiating the traditional deities, because the gods commanded him to return to the traditional rites, and would reward him if he fulfilled this duty.

During 360 an uneasy peace simmered between the two emperors. Julian spent the 360 campaigning season continuing his efforts to restore order along the Rhine, while Constantius continued operations against the Persians. Julian wintered in Vienne, and celebrated his Quinquennalia. It was at this time that his wife Helena died, and he sent her remains to Rome for a proper burial at his family villa on the Via Nomentana where the body of her sister was entombed. The uneasy peace held through the summer of 361, but Julian concentrated his military operations around harassing the Alamannic chieftain Vadomarius and his allies, who had concluded a peace treaty with Constantius some years earlier. By the end of the summer, Julian decided to put an end to the waiting and gathered his army to march east against Constantius. The empire teetered on the brink of another civil war. Constantius had spent the summer negotiating with the Persians and making preparations for possible military action against his cousin. When he was assured that the Persians would not attack, he summoned his army and sallied forth to meet Julian. As the armies drew inexorably closer to one another, the empire was saved from another bloody civil war when Constantius died unexpectedly of natural causes on 3 November near the town of Mopsucrenae in Cilicia, naming Julian -- the sources say-- as his legitimate successor.

Julian was in Dacia when he learned of his cousin's death. He made his way through Thrace and came to Constantinople on 11 December 361 where Julian honored the emperor with the funeral rites appropriate for a man of his station. Julian immediately set about putting his supporters in positions of power and trimming the imperial bureaucracy, which had become extremely overstaffed during Constantius' reign. Cooks and barbers had increased during the late emperor's reign and Julian expelled them from his court. Ammianus gave a mixed assessment of how the new emperor handled the followers of Constantius. Traditionally, emperors were supposed to show clemency to the supporters of a defeated enemy. Julian, however, gave some men over to death to appease the army. Ammianus used the case of Ursulus, Constantius' comes sacrum largitionum, to illustrate his point. Ursulus had actually tried to acquire money for the Gallic troops when Julian had first been appointed Caesar, but he had also made a disparaging remark about the ineffectiveness of the army after the battle of Amida. The soldiers remembered this, and when Julian became sole Augustus, they demanded Ursulus' head. Julian obliged, much to the disapproval of Ammianus. This seems to be a case of Julian courting the favor of the military leadership, and is indicative of a pattern in which Julian courted the goodwill of various societal elites to legitimize his position as emperor.

Another case in point is the officials who made up the imperial bureaucracy. Many of them were subjected to trial and punishment. To achieve this goal, during the last weeks of December 361 Julian assembled a military tribunal at Chalcedon, empanelling six judges to try the cases. The president of the tribunal was Salutius, just promoted to the rank of Praetorian Prefect; the five other members were Mamertinus, the orator, and four general officers: Jovinus, Agilo, Nevitta, and Arbetio. Relative to the proceedings of the tribunal, Ammianus noted that the judges, " . . . oversaw the cases more vehemently than was right or fair, with the exception of a few . . .." Ammianus' account of Julian's attempt at reform of the imperial bureaucracy is supported by legal evidence from the Theodosian Code. A series of laws sent to Mamertinus, Julian's appointee as Praetorian Prefect in Italy, Illyricum, and Africa, illustrate this point nicely. On 6 June 362, Mamertinus received a law that prohibited provincial governors from bypassing the Vicars when giving their reports to the Prefect. Traditionally, Vicars were given civil authority over a group of provinces, and were in theory meant to serve as a middle step between governors and Prefects. This law suggests that the Vicars were being left out, at least in Illyricum. Julian issued another edict to Mamertinus on 22 February 362 to stop abuse of the public post by governors. According to this law, only Mamertinus could issue post warrants, but the Vicars were given twelve blank warrants to be used as they saw fit, and each governor was given two. Continuing the trend of bureaucratic reform, Julian also imposed penalties on governors who purposefully delayed appeals in court cases they had heard. The emperor also established a new official to weigh solidi used in official government transactions to combat coin clipping.

For Julian, reigning in the abuses of imperial bureaucrats was one step in restoring the prestige of the office of emperor. Because he could not affect all elements of society personally, Julian, like other Neo-Flavian emperors, decided to concentrate on select groups of societal elites as intercessors between himself and the general populace. One of these groups was the imperial bureaucracy. Julian made it very clear that imperial officials were intercessors in a very real sense in a letter to Alypius, Vicar of Britain. In this letter, sent from Gaul sometime before 361, the emperor praises Alypius for his use of "mildness and moderation with courage and force" in his rule of the provincials. Such virtues were characteristic of the emperors, and it was good that Alypius is representing Julian in this way. Julian courted the army because it put him in power. Another group he sought to include in his rule was the traditional Senatorial aristocracy. One of his first appointments as consul was Claudius Mamertinus, a Gallic Senator and rhetorician. Mamertinus' speech in praise of Julian delivered at Constantinople in January of 362 is preserved. In this speech, Claudius presented his consular selection as inaugurating a new golden age and Julian as the restorer of the empire founded by Augustus. The image Mamertinus gave of his own consulate inaugurating a new golden age is not merely formulaic. The comparison of Julian to Augustus has very real, if implicit, relevance to Claudius' situation. Claudius emphasized the imperial period as the true age of renewal. Augustus ushered in a new era with his formation of a partnership between the emperor and the Senate based upon a series of honors and offices bestowed upon the Senate in return for their role as intercessor between emperor and populace. It was this system that Julian was restoring, and the consulate was one concrete example of this bond. To be chosen as a consul by the emperor, who himself had been divinely mandated, was a divine honor. In addition to being named consul, Mamertinus went on to hold several offices under Julian, including the Prefecture of Italy, Illyricum, and Africa. Similarly, inscriptional evidence illustrates a link between municipal elites and Julian during his time as Caesar, something which continued after he became emperor. One concrete example comes from the municipal senate of Aceruntia in Apulia, which established a monument on which Julian is styled as "Repairer of the World."

Julian seems to have given up actual Christian belief before his acclamation as emperor and was a practitioner of more traditional Greco-Roman religious beliefs, in particular, a follower of certain late antique Platonist philosophers who were especially adept at theurgy as was noted earlier. In fact Julian himself spoke of his conversion to Neo-Platonism in a letter to the Alexandrians written in 363. He stated that he had abandoned Christianity when he was twenty years old and been an adherent of the traditional Greco-Roman deities for the twelve years prior to writing this letter.

(For the complete text of this article see: http://www.roman-emperors.org/julian.htm)

Julian’s Persian Campaign

The exact goals Julian had for his ill-fated Persian campaign were never clear. The Sassanid Persians, and before them the Parthians, had been a traditional enemy from the time of the Late Republic, and indeed Constantius had been conducting a war against them before Julian's accession forced the former to forge an uneasy peace. Julian, however, had no concrete reason to reopen hostilities in the east. Socrates Scholasticus attributed Julian's motives to imitation of Alexander the Great, but perhaps the real reason lay in his need to gather the support of the army. Despite his acclamation by the Gallic legions, relations between Julian and the top military officers was uneasy at best. A war against the Persians would have brought prestige and power both to Julian and the army.

Julian set out on his fateful campaign on 5 March 363. Using his trademark strategy of striking quickly and where least expected, he moved his army through Heirapolis and from there speedily across the Euphrates and into the province of Mesopotamia, where he stopped at the town of Batnae. His plan was to eventually return through Armenia and winter in Tarsus. Once in Mesopotamia, Julian was faced with the decision of whether to travel south through the province of Babylonia or cross the Tigris into Assyria, and he eventually decided to move south through Babylonia and turn west into Assyria at a later date. By 27 March, he had the bulk of his army across the Euphrates, and had also arranged a flotilla to guard his supply line along the mighty river. He then left his generals Procopius and Sebastianus to help Arsacius, the king of Armenia and a Roman client, to guard the northern Tigris line. It was also during this time that he received the surrender of many prominent local leaders who had nominally supported the Persians. These men supplied Julian with money and troops for further military action against their former masters. Julian decided to turn south into Babylonia and proceeded along the Euphrates, coming to the fortress of Cercusium at the junction of the Abora and Euphrates Rivers around the first of April, and from there he took his army west to a region called Zaitha near the abandoned town of Dura where they visited the tomb of the emperor Gordian which was in the area. On April 7 he set out from there into the heart of Babylonia and towards Assyria.

Ammianus then stated that Julian and his army crossed into Assyria, which on the face of things appears very confusing. Julian still seems to be operating within the province of Babylonia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The confusion is alleviated when one realizes that,for Ammianus, the region of Assyria encompassed the provinces of Babylonia and Assyria. On their march, Julian's forces took the fortress of Anatha, received the surrender and support of several more local princes, and ravaged the countryside of Assyria between the rivers. As the army continued south, they came across the fortresses Thilutha and Achaiachala, but these places were too well defended and Julian decided to leave them alone. Further south were the cities Diacira and Ozogardana, which the Roman forces sacked and burned. Soon, Julian came to Pirisabora and a brief siege ensued, but the city fell and was also looted and destroyed. It was also at this time that the Roman army met its first systematic resistance from the Persians. As the Romans penetrated further south and west, the local inhabitants began to flood their route. Nevertheless, the Roman forces pressed on and came to Maiozamalcha, a sizable city not far from Ctesiphon. After a short siege, this city too fell to Julian. Inexorably, Julian's forces zeroed in on Ctesiphon, but as they drew closer, the Persian resistance grew fiercer, with guerilla raids whittling at Julian's men and supplies. A sizable force of the army was lost and the emperor himself was almost killed taking a fort a few miles from the target city.
Finally, the army approached Ctesiphon following a canal that linked the Tigris and Euphrates. It soon became apparent after a few preliminary skirmishes that a protracted siege would be necessary to take this important city. Many of his generals, however, thought that pursuing this course of action would be foolish. Julian reluctantly agreed, but became enraged by this failure and ordered his fleet to be burned as he decided to march through the province of Assyria. Julian had planned for his army to live off the land, but the Persians employed a scorched-earth policy. When it became apparent that his army would perish (because his supplies were beginning to dwindle) from starvation and the heat if he continued his campaign, and also in the face of superior numbers of the enemy, Julian ordered a retreat on 16 June. As the Roman army retreated, they were constantly harassed by guerilla strikes. It was during one of these raids that Julian got caught up in the fighting and took a spear to his abdomen. Mortally wounded he was carried to his tent, where, after conferring with some of his officers, he died. The date was 26 June 363.

Conclusion

Thus an ignominious end for a man came about who had hoped to restore the glory of the Roman empire during his reign as emperor. Due to his intense hatred of Christianity, the opinion of posterity has not been kind to Julian. The contemporary opinion, however, was overall positive. The evidence shows that Julian was a complex ruler with a definite agenda to use traditional social institutions in order to revive what he saw as a collapsing empire. In the final assessment, he was not so different from any of the other emperors of the fourth century. He was a man grasping desperately to hang on to a Greco-Roman conception of leadership that was undergoing a subtle yet profound change.
Copyright (C) 2002, Walter E. Roberts and Michael DiMaio, Jr. Used by permission.

In reality, Julian worked to promote culture and philosophy in any manifestation. He tried to reduce taxes and the public debts of municipalities; he augmented administrative decentralisation; he promoted a campaign of austerity to reduce public expenditure (setting himself as the example). He reformed the postal service and eliminated the powerful secret police.
by Federico Morando; JULIAN II, The Apostate, http://www.forumancientcoins.com/NumisWiki/view.asp?key=Julian%20II

Flavius Claudius Iulianus was born in 331 or maybe 332 A.D. in Constantinople. He ruled the Western Empire as Caesar from 355 to 360 and was hailed Augustus by his legions in Lutetia (Paris) in 360. Julian was a gifted administrator and military strategist. Famed as the last pagan emperor, his reinstatement of the pagan religion earned him the moniker "the Apostate." As evidenced by his brilliant writing, some of which has survived to the present day, the title "the Philosopher" may have been more appropriate. He died from wounds suffered during the Persian campaign of 363 A.D. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.




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153b Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), Barbar, RIC VIII ???, AE-1, Confusing text, Bull standing right, Barbarous Imitation, #0962 views153b Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), Barbar, RIC VIII ???, AE-1, Confusing text, Bull standing right, Barbarous Imitation, #09
avers: Confusing text, Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Confusing text, Bull standing right, two stars above.
exergue:-/-//-???-, diameter: mm, weight: 0,0g, axis: h,
mint: Barbar, date: ??, ref: RIC VIII ???,
Q-009
quadrans
Julianus-II__AE-1-25_BARBAR_x-SIRN-x_Sirmium-361-63_RIC-418var_Q-003_0_00g-s.jpg
153b Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), Barbar, RIC VIII ???, AE-1, Confusing text, Bull standing right, Barbarous Imitation, #1065 views153b Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), Barbar, RIC VIII ???, AE-1, Confusing text, Bull standing right, Barbarous Imitation, #10
avers: Confusing text, Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Confusing text, Bull standing right, two stars above.
exergue:-/-//-???-, diameter: mm, weight: 0,0g, axis: h,
mint: Barbar, date: ??, ref: RIC VIII ???,
Q-010
quadrans
Julianus-II__AE-1-28_DN-FL-CL-IVLI-ANVS-PF-AVG_SECVRITAS-REIPVB_T-CONST-dot_Arles-360-63_RIC-000_Q-008_0_0g-s.jpg
153b Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), Barbar, RIC VIII ???, AE-1, Confusing text, Bull standing right, Barbarous Imitation, #1165 views153b Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), Barbar, RIC VIII ???, AE-1, Confusing text, Bull standing right, Barbarous Imitation, #11
avers: Confusing text, Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Confusing text, Bull standing right, two stars above.
exergue:-/-//-???-, diameter: mm, weight: 0,0g, axis: h,
mint: Barbar, date: ??, ref: RIC VIII ???,
Q-011
quadrans
Julianus-II__AE-1-30_BARBAR_x-SIRN-x_Sirmium-361-63_RIC-418var_Q-001_0_00g-s.jpg
153b Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), Sirmium ???, RIC VIII 106-107 ???, AE-1, SECVRITAS REIPVB, Bull standing right, Barbarous Imitation, #0165 views153b Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), Sirmium ???, RIC VIII 106-107 ???, AE-1, SECVRITAS REIPVB, Bull standing right, Barbarous Imitation, #01
avers: Confusing text, Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust right
reverse: Confusing text, Bull standing right, two stars above, ?-SIRN-? in exergue.
exergue:-/-//-SIRN-, diameter:30mm, weight: 0,0g, axis: h,
mint: Sirmium (Barbar), date: ??, ref: RIC VIII 106-107 ???,
Q-001
quadrans
Julianus-II__AE-1-25_BARBAR_x-SIRN-x_Sirmium-361-63_RIC-418var_Q-002_0_00g-s.jpg
153b Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), Sirmium ???, RIC VIII 106-107 ???, AE-1, SECVRITAS REIPVB, Bull standing right, Barbarous Imitation, #0266 views153b Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), Sirmium ???, RIC VIII 106-107 ???, AE-1, SECVRITAS REIPVB, Bull standing right, Barbarous Imitation, #02
avers: Confusing text, Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust right
reverse: Confusing text, Bull standing right, two stars above, ?-SIRN-? in exergue.
exergue:-/-//-SIRN-, diameter:25mm, weight: 0,0g, axis: h,
mint: Sirmium (Barbar), date: ??, ref: RIC VIII 106-107 ???,
Q-002
quadrans
153-Julianus-II_AE-1-23_-Barbar_-Imitation_AD_Q-051_1h_22,5-23,5mm_6_18g-s.jpg
153b Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), Sirmium ???, RIC VIII 106-107 ???, AE-1, SECVRITAS REIPVB, Bull standing right, Barbarous Imitation, #0375 views153b Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), Sirmium ???, RIC VIII 106-107 ???, AE-1, SECVRITAS REIPVB, Bull standing right, Barbarous Imitation, #03
avers: Confusing text, Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust right
reverse: Confusing text, Bull standing right, two stars above.
exergue: /-//confusing text, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 6,18g, axis: 1h,
mint: Sirmium (Barbar), date: ???, ref: RIC VIII 106-107 ???,
Q-003
1 commentsquadrans
Julianus-II__AE-1-25_BARBAR_A-SIS-C_Siscia-361-63_RIC-418var_Q-001_6_93g.jpg
153b Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VIII 418var., AE-1-25, -/-//ASISC, SECVRITAS REIPVB "BARBAROUS Imitation Siscia", Bull standing right, #185 views153b Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VIII 418var., AE-1-25, -/-//ASISC, SECVRITAS REIPVB "BARBAROUS Imitation Siscia", Bull standing right, #1
avers:- Confusing text, Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse:- Confusing text, Bull standing right, two stars above, A-SIS-C in exergue.
exergue: -/-//ASISC, diameter: 25mm, weight: 6,93g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia ???, date: ???, ref: RIC-VIII 418 var ??
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
IMG_2261.JPG
16 Barbaric Imitation of Roman Constantius II34 viewsBarbaric Imitation of Roman Constantius II Fallen Horseman Type. 4th century AD. AE 10mm (0.77 gm). Obv.: diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. Rev.: Soldier spearing horseman. Randygeki(h2)
bfh915.JPG
16 barbarous imitation37 viewsConstantius II barbarous imitation
3.9g
21.52 mm
FEL TEMP REPARATIO
Blundered legend pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right,
Blundered legend soldier spearing Horseman
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4337.jpg
16 Constantius II barbarous imitation Overstrike30 viewsConstantius II barbarous imitation Overstrike
1.80g, 18mm
FEL TEMP REPARATIO
Blundered legend pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right,
Blundered legend soldier spearing Horseman
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3117.JPG
16 Constantius II imitation59 views Constantius II imitation
19mm
FEL TEMP REPARATIO
Blundered legend pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right,
Blundered legend soldier spearing Horseman
AMB in ex
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2229.JPG
16 Constantius II imitation (Failmezger, Plate coin)88 viewsConstantius II imitation (Failmezger, Plate coin)

Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, Long-necked diademed cuirassed bust right
Reverse: Blundered legend, soldier spearing fallen horseman, Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up, II left.

Size: 23.49 mm 6.g

Failmezger 462aCS (This Coin)
5 commentsRandygeki(h2)
III_Bela_U-115_C1-101_H-073_Q-003_1_67ga-s.jpg
16.16.60. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.16.60., H-073, CNH I.-101, U-115, #01107 views16.16.60. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.16.60., H-073, CNH I.-101, U-115, #01
avers: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots.
reverse: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots. (with JOJ).
exergue: -/-//JOJ, diameter: 23,0 mm, weight: 1,60g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-073, CNH I.-101, Unger-115, Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 16.16.60.,
Q-001
quadrans
III_Bela_U-115_C1-101_H-073_Q-009_10h_23,5mm_2,06g-s.jpg
16.17.14. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.17.14., H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01135 views16.17.14. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.17.14., H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01
avers: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots.
reverse: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots. (with IOI).
exergue:-/-//IOI, diameter: 23,5 mm, weight: 2,06g, axis: 10h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--, Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 16.17.14.,
Q-001
quadrans
16_17_32v__Béla_III_,_King_of_Hungary,_(1172-1196_A_D_),_Cu-23,_CÁC_I__16_17_32v_,_H--,_CNH_I_--,_U--,Q-001,_11h,_23mm,_1,83g-s.jpg
16.17.32v. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.17.32v., H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01139 views16.17.32v. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.17.32v., H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01
avers: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots.
reverse: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots. (with IOI).
exergue:-/-//IOI, diameter: 22,5-23,0 mm, weight: 1,83g, axis: 11h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--, Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 16.17.32v.,
Q-001
quadrans
Bela-III_U-115_C1-101_H-073_Q-0x1_axis-9h_23,0mm_1,98ga-s.jpg
16.17.34. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.17.34., H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01135 views16.17.34. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.17.34., H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01
avers: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots.
reverse: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots. (with IOI).
exergue:-/-//IOI, diameter: 23,0 mm, weight: 1,98g, axis: 9h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--, Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 16.17.34.,
Q-001
quadrans
III_Bela,_U-115,_C1-101,_H-073,_IOI,_Q-012,_7h,_22,5-23,0mm,_2,22g-s.jpg
16.17.45. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.17.45., H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01147 views16.17.45. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.17.45., H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01
avers: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots.
reverse: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots. (with IOI).
exergue:-/-//IOI, diameter: 22,5-23,0 mm, weight: 2,22g, axis: 7h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--, Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 16.17.45.,
Q-001
quadrans
III_Bela_U-115_C1-101_H-073_Q-007_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
16.17.50. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.17.50., H--, CNH I.--, U--, #0170 views16.17.50. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.17.50., H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01
avers: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots.
reverse: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots. (with IOI).
exergue: -/-//IOI, diameter: 23,0 mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--, Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 16.17.50.,
Q-001
quadrans
III_Bela,_U-115,_C1-101,_H-073,_IOI,_Q-011,_8h,_23,0mm,_1,67g-s.jpg
16.17.51. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.17.51., H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01148 views16.17.51. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.17.51., H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01
avers: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots.
reverse: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots. (with IOI).
exergue: -/-//IOI, diameter: 23,0 mm, weight: 1,67g, axis: 8h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--, Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 16.17.51.,
Q-001
quadrans
III_Bela_U-115_C1-101_H-073_Q-008_10h_22,5mm_1,58ga-s.jpg
16.17.51. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.17.51., H--, CNH I.--, U--, #02113 views16.17.51. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.17.51., H--, CNH I.--, U--, #02
avers: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots.
reverse: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots. (with IOI).
exergue: -/-//IOI, diameter: 22,5 mm, weight: 1,58g, axis: 10h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--, Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 16.17.51.,
Q-002
quadrans
Bela-III_U-115_C1-101_H-073_Q-001_23,0mm_2,05ga-s.jpg
16.17.?. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.17.?., (avers same as 16.16.32.,), H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01108 views16.17.?. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.17.?., (avers same as 16.16.32.,), H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01
avers: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots.
reverse: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots. (with IOI).
exergue:-/-//IOI, diameter: 23,0 mm, weight: 2,05g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--, Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 16.17.?., (avers same as 16.16.32.,), New subtype/sigla variation!
Q-001
quadrans
BELA-III__H-73a_CNH-I_-103_U--_TKF-14-Q-001_1,28ga-s.jpg
16.19. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.19./a1.?./?., (avers same as 16.20./a1.14./15.,), H-073A, CNH I.-103, U--, Rare!, #01120 views16.19. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.19./a1.?./?., (avers same as 16.20./a1.14./15.,), H-073A, CNH I.-103, U--, Rare!, #01
avers: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots.
reverse: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots. (with JOJ).
exergue: -/-//JOJ, diameter: 23,0 mm, weight: 1,28, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-073A, Unger--, CNH I.-103, Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 16.19./a1.?./?., (avers same as 16.20./a1.14./15.,), New subtype/sigla variation!,
Q-001
quadrans
BELA-III__H-73a_CNH-I_-103_U--_TKF-xx--Q-002,_6h,_22mm,_1,22g-s.jpg
16.19. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.19./a1.?./??., (avers same as 16.20./a1.06./07.), H-073A, CNH I.-103, U--, Rare!, #01139 views16.19. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.19./a1.?./??., (avers same as 16.20./a1.06./07.), H-073A, CNH I.-103, U--, Rare!, #01
avers: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots.
reverse: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots. (with JOJ).
exergue: -/-//JOJ, diameter: 22,0 mm, weight: 1,22, axis: 6h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-073A, Unger--, CNH I.-103, Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 16.19./a1.?./??., (avers same as 16.20./a1.06./07.), New subtype/sigla variation!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Bela-III_U-115_C1-101-103_H-073_Hybrid_Q-001_8h_22,5mm_1,93g-s.jpg
16.22. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.22./a1.?./?., H-073A, CNH I.-101-103(Hybrid), CP-16, U--, Rare!, #01346 views16.22. Béla III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), Cu-23, CÁC I. 16.22./a1.?./?., H-073A, CNH I.-101-103(Hybrid), CP-16, U--, Rare!, #01
avers: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots. (Avers "legends" are C1-103, but the semi cufic legends in middle like C1-101)
reverse: Illegible Kufic legend-imitation, a similar legend in lines in a circle of dots, a border of dots. (with JOJ).(Revers are like C1-101)
exergue: -/-//JOJ, diameter: 22,5 mm, weight: 1,93g, axis: 8h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-073A, CNH I.-101-103(Hybrid), CP-16, Unger--, Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 16.22./a1.?./?., New subtype/sigla variation!, Rare!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RI_169z_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - Barbarous imitation of RIC VIII Trier 21511 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Pearl iademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor standing left, in a galley; Phoenix on a globe in right hand and holding labarum in left hand; Victory at the tiller of the galley right.
Minted in Trier; (//TRS), A.D. 348-350
Reference:– Barbarous imitation. cf RIC VIII Trier 215
maridvnvm
RI_169bg_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - Barbarous imitiation of RIC VIII Aquileia 09939 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTANS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Marbarous imitation of a coin minted in Aquileia; (//AQP dot), A.D. 348-350
Reference:– cf. RIC VIII Aquileia 99 (C)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169bm_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE4 - Barbarous23 viewsObv:– D N CONSTA-N[S P F AVG], Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– [FEL TEMP RE--IARAIIII, Soldier standing left, knee raised, spearing a fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching backwards
Tiny barbarous imitation.

1.22 gms. 180 degrees. 12.77 mm
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170gf_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - Barbarous imitation of RIC VIII Heraclea 082 8 viewsImitation AE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FEL TEMT OHIIIRATIO, Helmeted soldier left, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman; shield at ground to right. Horseman turns to face the soldier, and reaches his left arm up towards him. He is bare headed.
Minted in Heraclea (G | _ // .SHHA).
Reference:- Imitates RIC VIII Heraclea 82 (C2)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170bh_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - Barbarous imitation of Trier16 viewsAE2
Obv:- CONSTANT-IVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor standing left, in a galley; Phoenix on a globe in right hand and holding labarum in left hand; Victory at the tiller of the galley right
Minted in Trier; (//TRS),
Reference:– Barbarous Imitation
maridvnvm
RI_170cu_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE3 - Barbarous imitation of Falling Horseman40 viewsObv:- CONSTANTIVS AVG, Pearl diaidemed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Helmeted soldier left, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman; shield at ground to right. Horseman turns to face the soldier, and reaches his left arm up towards him. He is bare headed
Copies a coin minted in Cyzicus (//SMK)

2.07 gms. 19.16 gms.

Remarkably good style.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170cr_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE4 - Barbarous imitation of Falling Horseman22 viewsObv:- DN IIIII, Pearl diaidemed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– [FEL TE]M -P[ REPARATIO], Helmeted soldier left, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman; shield at ground to right. Horseman turns to face the soldier, and reaches his left arm up towards him. He wears a phrygian cap
Barbarous imitiative
1 commentsmaridvnvm
MOD_up_to_1899-USA-Vermont-3.jpg
1786 Vermont Copper61 viewsVariety RR7 (Rarity 3)

NGC VF-30 with CAC

Census (The last time I checked) - 63 NGC graded coins - 26 VF's (VF-30 = ?) - 22 graded higher
(From Heritage Auction Records Two VF20; eight VF25; three VF30; three VF35; ten = VF ?)

On June 15, 1785 the Vermont legislature granted Reuben Harmon, Jr. an exclusive franchise to make copper coins. They were to weigh 160 grs. which exceeded even the Tower Mint standards for halfpence. This weight was reduced to 111grs. in October of that year.

Vermont coinage initially had two basic designs with several varieties of each and one oddball issue

First design

Obv. – Shows the sun rising over the Green Mountains and a plough in the foreground with the date below. The obverse legend read VERMONT(I)S RESPUBLICA (the Republic of Vermont”). Later VERMONTIS became VERMONTENSIUM (better Latin).

Rev – Shows the All-Seeing Eye in the Blazing Sun within a constellation of 13 stars for the original 13 colonies. The reverse legend read STELLA QUARTA DECIMA or the 14th star referring to local pressure to join the union.

Second design

The mint operator petitioned the legislature to permit a change in design to approximate that similar to most other coppers then current (British halfpence and their local imitations including Connecticut). The Vermont legislature amended the act to specify the following:

Obv. – A head with the motto AUCTORITATE VERMONTENIUS, abridged

Rev. – A women with the letters, INDE: ET LIB: - for Independence and Liberty.

Third Design the “Immune Columbia” issue

Although the third design bears the date 1785, it was probably struck later. The obverse matches the requirements for the second design but the reverse shows a seated figure of Columbia (a poetical name for America) and the legend IMMUNE COLUMBIA, this reverse was not authorized by the Vermont Legislature.

Vermont coppers were produced from 1785 to 1788

I once had a very large collection of U.S. coins and this is the only coin I have that was part of my original collection.

My cost was $2,200, however, I actually did not have to pay a single cent out of pocket or provide any item in trade. But that is a long story.
Richard M10
1797_NORTH_WALES_HALFPENNY_MULE.JPG
1797 AE Halfpenny, North Wales and London.48 viewsObverse: NORTH WALES HALFPENNY. Script monogram of "RNG" in centre with 1793 above.
Reverse: * * RULE BRITANIA (sic) * *. Britannia seated facing left on globe, shield at her side, holding spear in her left hand and branch in her right; 1797 in exergue.
Edge: Incuse legend “PAYABLE IN LONDON” the remainder engrailed.
Diameter: 28mm
Dalton & Hamer: 18
RARE

Possibly engraved by Rambert Dumarest (Britannia) and Thomas Wyon (cypher). Manufactured by William Lutwyche and/or Peter Kempson in Birmingham.

This token, apparently a mule, was issued by, or is in imitation of, the Parys Mine Company from North Wales. In the 18th century the token manufacturers supplied orders for a great variety of tokens. These manufacturers often used the dies to their own advantage by striking “mules”, i.e. tokens produced by using the dies of two different tokens, solely with the object of creating rare varieties which were sold to “benefit” the collectors of the day.

The undeciphered “RNG” cypher is very similar to the “PMC” cypher used for the Parys Mine Company's first tokens.
*Alex
RI_182c_img.jpg
182 - Valentinian II - AE4 - Barbarous imitation of SALVS REIPBLICAE14 viewsAE4
Obv:– D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IIII IIIIIIIIIIII. Victory advancing left, holding trophy over shoulder and dragging captive behind her. PT monogram in left field

Barbarous imitation of SALVS REIPBLICAE?
maridvnvm
a9.jpg
1929D ALEXIUS AE TETARTERON S-1929 DOC 38 CLBC 2.4.5 Imitation 37 viewsOBV Bust of Christ, bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds gospels open in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV. Bust facing wearing stemma, divitision, and chlamys; holds in r. hand scepter cruciger, and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 19.91mm
Weight 1.9gm

This is an imitation of Sear 1929, better to say it was not produced to the same standards as coins from the other mints. Interesting enough , imitations only seem to occur under Alexius rule and the Manuel's rule, I have never seen an imitation of John II coinage, that leaves me to believe these were authorized in some way by Alexius. Perhaps to help the introduction of the new coinage.

DOC lists 9 examples with weight s running from 1.82gm to 5.10gm and size from 18mm to 22mm
Simon
h3.jpg
1929J ALEXIUS AE TETARTERON S-1929 DOC 38 CLBC 2.4.5 Imitation 37 viewsOBV Bust of Christ, bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds gospels open in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV. Bust facing wearing stemma, divitision, and chlamys; holds in r. hand scepter cruciger, and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 20mm

Weight 2.5gm

This is a regional minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 9 examples with weight s running from 1.82gm to 5.10gm and size from 18mm to 22mm

This is a strange example, Alexius side fits the norm a bit cruder but with good detail, the Christ side lacks the book and Christ's blessing. Imitations of this particular type of coin were created well into the 14th century. This coin was a very recent find in Paphos Cyprus.
Simon
s-1930-bc.jpg
1930C ALEXIUS AE TETARTERON S-1930 DOC 39 CLBC 2.4.6 Imitation?22 viewsOBV Bust of Virgin nimbate, orans, wearing tunic and maphorion.

REV Bust of emperor wearing stemma, divitision and chlamys; holds in r. hand labarum on a long shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 15/16mm

Weight 2.2

I am uncertain where this coin fits in the picture. Its weight is within range but its size and die size is not. It could be an imitation.

DOC lists 5 examples with weights ranging from 2.05gm to 4.02gm and sizes ranging from 20mm to 22m
Simon
2z.jpg
1931F ALEXIUS AE Tetarteron S-1931 Var DOC 40 Var CLBC 2.4.7 29 viewsOBV Jeweled radiate Cross, decorated at the end of each limb with one large globule and two smaller, all on two steps.

REV. Bust of emperor wearing stemma, divitision and jeweled loros of traditional type; holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 18mm

Weight 2.22gm

This is a barbarous imitation and an attempt to copy DOC 40

This coin is not listed in DOC or Sear but it is in CLBC They record sizes from 20-21mm and weights 3.0 to 3.5 gm , mine is a smaller. example
Simon
g4.jpg
1931G ALEXIUS AE Tetarteron S-1931 Var DOC 40 Var CLBC 2.4.7 24 viewsOBV Jeweled radiate Cross, decorated at the end of each limb with one large globule and two smaller, all on two steps.

REV. Bust of emperor wearing stemma, divitision and jeweled loros of traditional type; holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 20/22mm

Weight 1.3gm

This is a barbarous imitation and an attempt to copy DOC 40

This coin is not listed in DOC or Sear but it is in CLBC They record sizes from 20-21mm and weights 3.0 to 3.5 gm , this example is very flat unlike my other, the seller sold it as a trachy but it is not concaved in any way. This is also a very low weight.
Simon
n3.jpg
1931H Alexius AE Tetarteron S-1931 Imitation 22 viewsOBV Jeweled radiate Cross, decorated at the end of each limb with one large globule and two smaller, all on two steps.

REV. Bust of emperor wearing stemma, divitision and jeweled loros of traditional type; holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 16.42mm

Weight 1.8gm

This is an imitation and an attempt to copy DOC 40, hoard evidence shows many of these variations were minted , some were created as late as the 13th century.
Simon
s-1931-3c.jpg
1931vaALEXIUS AE Imitation TETARTERON S-1931 DOC 40 CLBC 2.4.7 21 viewsOBV Jeweled radiate Cross, decorated at the end of each limb with one large globule and two smaller, all on two steps.

REV. Bust of emperor wearing stemma, divitision and jeweled loros of traditional type; holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 18.33gm

Weight 1.7gm

This is another imitation coin, the weight is a tip off and the style is not right. Imitation coins of this style were very common and were misted into the 1200's long after Alexius death.

DOC lists 25 examples with weights running from1.09gm to 4.22gm and sizes ranging from 17mm to 23mm
Simon
s-1932-4c.jpg
1932D ALEXIUS AE HALF TETARTERON S-1932 DOC 45 CLBC 2.4.8 IMITATION 19 viewsOBV Patriarchal cross on two steps.

REV Bust of emperor wearing stemma divitision and jeweled loros and in r. hand holding jeweled scepter and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 15.59mm

Weight .6 gm

This is a regional minted coin, it contains no silver. These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace. Imitation perhaps produced in the 13th century.

DOC lists 42 examples with weights ranging from .59gm to 3.22gm and sizes ranging from 13mm to 18mm

I have many of these coins that very much vary in their design, I do not believe these coins came from one mint but many different mints. The cross design changes in many different ways. This is an easy coin to acquire, the trick is finding the nice ones and with a denomination so small little effort was put into minting perfect coins

Very thin flan light weight, patina makes it an interesting example.
Simon
s-1932-6c.jpg
1932F ALEXIUS AE HALF TETARTERON S-1932 DOC 45 CLBC 2.4.8 20 views
OBV Patriarchal cross on two steps.

REV Bust of emperor wearing stemma divitision and jeweled loros and in r. hand holding jeweled scepter and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 16/14mm

Weight 1.1gm



DOC lists 42 examples with weights ranging from .59gm to 3.22gm and sizes ranging from 13mm to 18mm

This example has the inscription on the cross reversed. Also the design of the cross is a bit more elaborate. I believe this to be a barbarous imitation. Current studies have this style from a Bulgarian mint.
Simon
s-1969-1c.jpg
1969C MANUEL METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1969 DOC 16 CLBC 4.4.3 Imitation?56 viewsOBV Full length figure of Christ standing on a dais, bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; right hand raised high in benediction holds Gospels in l. hand. Pellets in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece, jeweled loros of a simplified type and Saigon; holds in right a labrum on a long shaft. On which X and in l. globus cruciger


Size 19.84

Weight 1.8gm

Not certain but I now believe this to be an imitation, the biggest reason for this is the low weight and thin flan. Does not have the look of a Constantinople minted coin. This coin was found in Cyprus.
1 commentsSimon
s1979.jpg
1979A MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1979 DOC 22 CLBC 4.4.11 Imitation ?88 viewsOBV Large, often ill formed letters

REV Bust of emperor, beardless, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece ( Most frequently decorated with 6 jewels) and paneled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 12.54mm

Weight 1.1gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 27 examples with weights ranging from 1.10gm to 2.96 gm with sizes from 14mm to 18mm.


1 commentsSimon
3k.jpg
1979B MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1979 DOC 22 CLBC 4.4.11 Imitation? 26 viewsOBV Large, often ill formed letters

REV Bust of emperor, beardless, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece ( Most frequently decorated with 6 jewels) and paneled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 16mm

Weight 2.4gm

This style is very unique, I do not believe it was minted at one of the main mints, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 27 examples with weights ranging from 1.10gm to 2.96 gm with sizes from 14mm to 18mm.
Simon
22-Celtic-Alex-tet.jpg
22. Celtic Alexander Tetradrachm (?)42 viewsTetradrachm, ca 2'nd century BC, Danube region.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Tripod at left.
17.25 gm., 28 mm.

In researching this coin, I found five coins which are from the same pair of dies as this one. These are the only examples of this type (tripod on reverse) that I've been able to find.

1. Palladium sale #10 (Nov. 1995), attributed to the mint at Pella and catalogued as Muller #146.

2. Palladium sale #11 (April 1996), described as "unlisted in Price, and apparently unknown before a recent hoard find. Variant of Price 633."

3. CNG sale #54, lot 99, described as a Celtic imitation of Alexander's coinage from the Danube region, ca 2'nd century BC. c.f. Goble, OTA, 566. This is the coin pictured above.

4. CNG sale #72, lot 13, described as "Celtic, Lower Danube, uncertain tribe, early 3'rd century BC . . . . Unpublished in the standard references . . . . By virtue of its style, fabric, and weight, this Alexander imitation is certainly an early issue, probably struck during the first decades of the third century BC."

5. Harlan J Berk 156th Buy or Bid Sale (Oct. 2007), lot 75, described as "Possibly unpublished . . . Somewhat unusual style on the obverse."

Five coins from the same pair or dies, five different attributions. I will agree, though, with the last statement of coin #4 above, that this appears to be an early issue. This coin is on a thick flan resembling coins minted during Alexander's lifetime and immediately thereafter and is made from good silver. There is something a bit barbaric about the style of this coin, although there are genuine Alexander coins listed and pictured in Martin J. Price's book which are more barbaric than this one. An interesting coin.
1 commentsCallimachus
POSTUME-dianaeluciferae-sanscarquois-700px.jpg
4e Emission - 1er Phase - (266) - Trčves - DIANAE LVCIFERAE8 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
DIANAE LVCIFERAE
imitation de la variante sans carquois et sans couronne
PYL
50_OK_OWLS.jpg
50 Parliament of Owls12 viewsFrom c 164 BC to 82 BC, The Athenian New Style silver coinage of tetradrachms.
Includes 3 imitations and 1 pseudo-Athenian New Style coin of Marcus Lucullus treasurer and moneyer of L C Sulla. How can anyone say they are not interesting beats me.
cicerokid
a3.jpg
?28 viewsImitation of Hebrew script
extremely crude
AJC I, type H c or d
frederic
OWLS_44_LOW.jpg
A parliament of 44 Owls9 views40 official issues
3 Imitations
1 pseudo-Athenian
Basically from the beginning to the end with the Sullan pseudo -Athenian ethnicless New Style imitation which has the monogram of Marcus Lucullus, Quaestor in Greek.
cicerokid
empress.jpg
AE Imitation of a Faustina denarius (RIC 379)26 viewsFaustina I, struck after 140 A.D.
Obv.: DIVPA AEVSTIN, draped bust right
Rev.: C[ER]ES, Ceres seated on throne left, holding ears of grain and szepter
18.6mm, 3.85g
areich
DSC01986.JPG
AFGHANISTAN - HORSE MAN & BULL - SAMANT DEWA -HINDU SHAHI - SILVER COIN - 3.21gm15 viewsSilver drachm (jital), ca.870-950 AD, late Kabul Shahi (Tye #21)
Horseman right, holding banner; Nagari Bhi in the upper left, Adl (?) in Arabic in the upper right / śri samanta deva in Nagari, recumbent zebu bull to left with symbol on rump; to left, star above pellet above crescent. Uncertain mint in (Kabul or Ohind?). 20mm, 3.21 grams. Tye #21. SKU 42565

Samanta Deva just meant "The Feudatory Chield" - it was the title assumed by the Kabul Shahi and their Islamic successors, and was probably not a personal name. Hundreds of types of jitals inscribed "Samanta Deva" (in imitation of this type) were struck by numerous dynasties in the later period. The Kabul Shahi dynasties also called Shahiya ruled the Kabul Valley (in eastern Afghanistan) and the old province of Gandhara (northern Pakistan) during the Classical Period of India, from the decline of the Kushan Empire in the 3rd century to the early 9th century. They are split into two eras the Buddhist-Shahis and the later Hindu-Shahis with the change-over occurring around 870. These coins are of full size and weight, but were probably not minted by Samanta Deva but can be considered anonymous issues of his successors
Antonivs Protti
Agrippa_b.jpg
Agrippa AE as78 viewsbarbaric imitation1 commentsTibsi
alex_50.jpg
Alexander III ‘the Great’23 views3rd – 2nd Century B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.21 gm, 17 mm
Obv.: Head of Alexander as Herakles right, wearing lion's skin
Rev.: Zeus enthroned left holding eagle and scepter; Monogram, crescent at left; monogram under throne; Blundered AΛEΞANΔΡOΥ to right

Barbarous Imitation
Jaimelai
Alex_tetra.jpg
Alexander III, tetradrachm; Celtic imitation57 viewsCeltic imitation of: The Macedonian Kingdom. Alexander III, the Great, 336-323 B.C. Tetradrachm, 15,43 g Sear GCV II: 6721 var., testmarks. Below eagle sigma.5 commentsPodiceps
Jannaeus_1153_barb-.jpg
Alexander Jannaeus - AE lepton11 viewsJerusalem
78-76 BC
star of six rays, within circle of dots (off flan),
barbaric blundered imitation of Aramaic legend around
anchor within circle
blundered barbaric imitation of Greek legend around
Hendin 1153
0,54g
Johny SYSEL
jannaeus2.jpg
Alexander Janneus29 viewsImitation of Hebrew script
same die than HB-9 in Kaufman I
same die than HD-9 in Kaufman II too
1 commentsfrederic
Alexander_AE21_6_4g.jpg
Alexander the Great, AE21, contemporary imitation61 views21mm, 6.4g, cast
obv: head of Herakles, wearing lion-skin headdress, right
rev: AΛEΖANΔP[OY]; bow and quiver above, club below
1 commentsareich
Ancient_barbarous_antoninianus_of_Tetricus_(ca_270-280_AD),_PAX_type,_hoard_coin_from_France11.jpg
Ancient barbarous antoninianus of Tetricus (ca.270-280 AD), PAX type, hoard coin from France38 views[IMP C TET]RICVS PIC, radiate and draped bust right / PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter. 16mm, 2.18 grams, nicer than the scan. Excellent quality for these. Found in a hoard in Northern France.
These coins with the figure on the reverse bent at the waist were manufactured in Normandy, though the exact sites of their production are unknown.

Ancient barbarous radiates seem to have been produced between the reigns of Claudius II and ca.274 AD, when Aurelian banned the circulation of these small imitative bronzes throughout the Empire. It is likely that at least some of the barbarous radiates were produced after 274 AD all the way into the early 280's. The value of the barbarous imitations was almost certainly not equal to their official counterparts - they probably saw only local limited circulation, and fulfilled the role of token coinage in times of an acute coin shortage.

Antonio Protti
6F4CA33E-8629-4475-BD9F-283D2A5B4056.jpeg
Ancient China5 viewsStone imitation of Cowrie shellsecoli
1924BE0E-8CE4-4F4A-9D61-78CF39816CFA.jpeg
Ancient China, 5 viewsBone imitation of cowrie shellecoli
tributepenny.jpg
ancient imitation of a tribute penny22 views17mm, 3.59g
obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS (blundered); laureate head right
rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Livia on throne right, scepter in right, branch in left hand
areich
Imitative_Fel_Temp_ab.jpg
Ancient imitation of Constantius II (RIC Trier 358)43 viewsImitative AE (16 mm, 1.91 g) found in England. The official prototype was minted in Trier (Constantius II RIC Trier 358) during the period 337-361 AD. Obverse: diademed bust right, (...)AVIIO. Reverse: Soldier spearing fallen horseman, (...)RATIO, TRS in exergue.1 commentsJan (jbc)
tyre_shekel_imitation.jpg
Ancient imitation: Phoenicia, Tyre, Ca. 390-377 B.C. Shekel14 viewsAncient imitation: Phoenicia, Tyre, Ca. 390-377 B.C. Shekel. Melkart riding hippocamp right / Owl standing right, crook and flail over wing. Ex Sayles & LavenderPodiceps
dfenier_barbare_3.jpg
ancient silver imitation PROVIDENTIA AVG44 viewsobv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG laurate, draped and cuirassed bust of gordian right seen from behind

rev: PROVIDENTIA AVG Providentia tanding left holding cornucopia and corn ears

Only 4 silver imitation of denarius are actually known, 2 was in Georges His collection and the last was sold by Lanz in 2002.
leseullunique
annam_thien_hi.jpg
ANNAM - Thien Hi13 viewsANNAM - Thien Hi Thong Bao. 1-Van. AE unofficial issue. circa 1460-1546?? Coin is in seal script; it is a hybrid/imitation of a Song Dynastay coin. This is not listed in Hartill's "Cast Chinese Coins" or Toda's work.

The identification was gathered from information from the great folks at Zeno.
dpaul7
Laetitia_Barbare_OK.jpg
Antoninianus Gordian III Imitation "Barbarous" LAETITIA AVG N52 viewsIMP CAES MANT GORDIANVS AVG
LAETITIA AVG N

RIC : 221 (S) ; C 118 (3 Francs or) related as a "good" antoninianus
Prototype : an obverse of the Issues 1-3B and a reverse of the Issue 4

Coin Fourree

Weight : 4,15gr

A very beautiful style for this imitation. A typical "barbarous style".
1 commentsChut
clown_3_illisible.jpg
Antoninianus Gordian III Imitation "Barbarous" VIRTVS AVG ????27 viewsIMP CAES MANT GORDIANVS AVG
????? maybe VIRTVS or VICTORIA

Weight : 2,90 gr

Fourree

A very unusual style. The portrait is very strange and typical.
The style is touching and a bit clumsy.

I think it's the same celator as for this other imitations (from my collection ) :
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-58496
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-58496
Chut
Anto_PM_TRPIII_COS_PP.jpg
Antoninianus Gordian III Imitation ???? Hybrid PM TRP III COS PP Emperor altar37 viewsAvers : IMP CAES MANT GORDIANVS AVG
Revers : PM TRP III COS PP, Gordian sacrificing

Weight : 1,98 gr

RIC : 224 ("Hybrids") (S)
This coin is an hybrid : Obverse of the issue 1-3B, reverse of the issue 3C.
The style is very good. It could to seem official. But the weight is too low.
Maybe official dies wich were steal in a official mint ? Or an official celator who made imitations ? Or an official coin with a very low weight ?
1 commentsChut
Anto_FIDES_MILITVMs_FAC.jpg
Antoninianus Gordian III Imitation FIDES MILITVM41 viewsIMP CAES MANT GORDIANVS
FIDES MILITVM

RIC : No number, but the prototype is RIC 1

Coin : fourree

Weight : 3,46gr

A very unusual style. The portrait is very strange and typical. The reverse is also strange : FIDES looks like a man with a crown.

I think it's the same celator as for this other imitations (also from my collection ) :
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-58496
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-58585
1 commentsChut
Avers_PM_TRP_III_COS_PP.jpg
Antoninianus Gordian III Imitation PM TRP III COS PP Emperor altar28 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
PM TRP III COS PP

Weight : 3,05 gr

Prototype : RIC 69 (S, but not scarce I think)
Chut
anto_clown_virtus_FAC.jpg
Antoninianus Gordian III Imitation VIRTVS AVG41 viewsIMP CAES MANT GORDIANVS AVG
VIRTVS AVG

This coin was fourree.
Weight : 3,57 gr

RIC: No number but the Prototype is RIC 6

A very unusual style. The portrait is very strange and typical.
The style is touching and a bit clumsy.

I think it's the same celator as for this other imitations (from my collection ) :
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-58496
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-58585
Chut
antonisu_pius.jpg
Antoninus Pius Denarius Contemporary Imitation55 viewsAntoninus Pius Denarius. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVII, laureate head right / COS IIII, Annona standing left, holding two corn ears and resting left hand on modius, filled with corn ears, set on prow. RSC 291. Great Portrait for imitation.tiberiusjulius
ap_broken_die_50_2.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Drachm - Thracian Imitation24 viewsAnd now I have 6 of these from the same broken reverse die. Two of these were Forum purchases, one of which Dr. Prokopov has identified this as a tribal (Celtic?) imitative.Jaimelai
030~2.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 43 - Silver Drachm Thracian Imitation49 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.15 gm, 13-15 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crude crayfish to left and A to right
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with hair and snakes surrounding
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 43

Topalov Type: Thracian Imitations of the Last Late issues of the type "Upright Anchor - Full-face Gorgon's Head" (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Schematic image of upright anchor, crab and lines similar to “A” and Δ
Rev.: Schematic image of full-face Gorgon's head.
Jaimelai
ap_50~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45(i?) - Silver Drachm23 views450 – 424 or 410/404 B.C.
Silver Drachm, Thracian Imitation?
2.39 gm, 14.5 mm
Obv: Attic Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets
circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p.588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var;
BMC Mysia p.9, 11
SNG BM Black Sea 160/61

Topalov Type 45 – Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor: Basic (Main) Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
Capture_00064.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 57 - Silver Diobol - Thracian Imitation43 views410-323 B.C.
0.88 gm, 10.5 mm
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo facing
Rev.: Anchor,
A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p.596, 57;
Sear p.165, 1657 (sim.);
B.M.C. 15 (Mysia) p.9, 15

From Topalov Apollonia 2007: "Probable Thracian Imitation of Full-Face Apollo's Head - Upright Anchor" Silver diobol
(410/404 – 341/323 B.C.)
Obv.: Stylized image of full-face Apollo's head.
Rev.: Stylized image of an upright anchor, symbol of a crab and the letter A .
Jaimelai
ArabConstansII.jpg
Arab-Byzantine27 views Imitation Follis of Constans II

650-680 AD

Obverse: Constans, crowned and wearing chlamys, beardless, standing facing, holding long cross and cross on globe.

Reverse: Large m (lower case), cross above.
Pericles J2
immitive.JPG
Arab-Byzantine Imitationn 7 viewsImitating Constans II? 8th Century A.D.Dk0311USMC
arabia_0_6g.jpg
Arabia; Saba. Athens owl imitation: 0.6g8 viewsArabia; Saba. Athens owl imitations: small fraction. 0.6g. Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right, three olive leaves, Rev: ΑΘΕ, owl right, head facingPodiceps
arabia_2_6g.jpg
Arabia; Saba. Athens owl imitation: hemidrachm, 2.6g11 viewsArabia; Saba. Athens owl imitations: hemidrachm. 2.6g. Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right, three olive leaves, Saba letter G, Rev: ΑΘΕ, owl right, head facingPodiceps
IMGP3869Art2combo.jpg
Artabanos II., 10 - 38 AD18 viewsAR dr., 3,73gr, 20,9mm; Sellwood 63.7, Shore 346, Sunrise - ;
mint: Rhagai (?); axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/4-strand diadem, 2 loops and 3 ribbons; short, straight hair, mustache, beard off flan; earring, 3-turn necklace; dotted border 9 - 15:30h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in vise-like outstretched hand; below bow monogram; 5-line meaningless legend; perhaps a contemporary local imitation;

ex: Zurquieh Coins, UAE.
Schatz
IMGP3876Art2combo~0.jpg
Artabanos II., 10 - 38 AD6 viewsAR dr., 3,84gr, 18,75mm; Sellwood 63.8, Shore -, Sunrise - ;
mint: Nisa; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/4-strand diadem, 2 loops and 3 ribbons; short, straight hair, mustache, long square-cut beard on receding chin; earring, 3-turn necklace; dotted border 9 - 14:00h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in vise-like outstretched hand; below bow monogram N; 5-line meaningless legend; perhaps a contemporary local imitation;
Schatz
IMGP3876Art2combo.jpg
Artabanos II., 10 - 38 AD12 viewsAR dr., 3,84gr, 18,75mm; Sellwood 63.8, Shore -, Sunrise - ;
mint: Nisa; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/4-strand diadem, 2 loops and 3 ribbons; short, straight hair, mustache, long square-cut beard on receding chin; earring, 3-turn necklace; dotted border 9 - 14:00h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in vise-like outstretched hand; below bow monogram N; 5-line meaningless legend; perhaps a contemporary local imitation;
Schatz
claudius_As_cf_ric100.jpg
As (struck in Hispania or Gaul; possibly unofficial); Minerva; cf. RIC I 10014 viewsClaudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D. Copper as, cf. RIC I 100, SRCV I 1861 and BMCRE I 149 (Rome mint), VF, green patina, western provincial mint, 9.744g, 29.3mm, 180o, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left; reverse S C, Minerva advancing right brandishing javelin in right, shield in left; double-struck, old cut on obverse, possibly an unofficial imitative. Many Claudius sestertii and asses, such as this coin, were clearly not products of the Rome mint. They appear to have been struck in Hispania or Gaul. The coins may have been official or perhaps unofficial imitations. Ex FORVMPodiceps
BOTH_IMITATION_CICADA.jpg
Athens New Style Tetradrachm c153/2 BC4 viewsObs : Athena
32.5mm 16.27g Die axis: 6 o'clock
Thompson catalogue : IMITATION
Obs : 1350 Rev : NEW
Rev : ΑΘΕ ethnic Above symbol LF Cicada
Below ΠΟ
Owl standing on overturned panathenaic amphora
All within a surrounding olive wreath
cicerokid
Both__Ares_New_Style__80_BC.jpg
Athens New Style Tetradrachm c80/9 BC5 viewsbs : Athena Parthenos right in tri-form helmet
29mm 16.04gm Thompson (new) issue 85
Thompson catalogue: IMITATION 1419ba
Rev : ΑΘΕ ethnic
Owl standing on overturned panathenaic amphora on
which month mark Α control ΔΙ below
2 magistrates : EUMELOS THEOXENID(E)S
RF symbol : Ares
All within a surrounding olive wreath
cicerokid
Superb_Both_Aetolia.jpg
Athens New Style Tetradrachm c90/9 BC7 viewsObs : Athena Parthenos right in tri-form helmet
29 mm 16.53 gm Thompson issue (new) 75
Thompson catalogue: IMITATION Obs : 1420 Rev : NEW
Rev : ΑΘΕ ethnic
Owl standing on overturned panathenaic amphora
on which month mark A control ? below
2 magistrates : XENOCLES HARMOXENOS
RF symbol : Aetolia ?
All surrounded by an olive wreath
cicerokid
rjb_greek4_08_07.jpg
Attica - Athens21 viewsAR hemiobol
449-413 BC
O - Helmeted head of Athena right
R - Owl standing right, AΘE
Possibly an eastern imitation
mauseus
s-l500.jpg
Attica, Athens AR Tetradrachm. Eastern imitation.90 viewsObv. Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev. Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent behind, AΘE to right; all within incuse square.
17.06g, 22.2mm.
Kroll 15; SNG Copenhagen 64. Bankers marks on both sides.
Ex. London Ancient Coins LAC.
2 commentsCanaan
48a.jpg
Augustus, imitation(Regular?) Moesia & Pannonia 12 B.C-14 A.D AE 26mm.16 viewsAugustus, imitation(Regular?) Moesia & Pannonia 12 B.C-14 A.D
AE 26mm (Dupondius Of Augustus)
Obverse: S.C, Combination of countermarks AVC, TICAE (Moesia) & PP, CAE (Pannonia).
Reverse: Various lettering visible.
Lee S
Augustus_249_barbaric_imitation.jpg
Augustus, RIC 249, barbaric imitation57 viewsAugustus, 27 BC - AD 14
AE - quadrans(?), 2.47g, 17mm
struck in the name of Germanus Indutilli L
Eastern Gaul, 'barbaric mint', c. AD 10
obv. Head of Germanus, diademed, r.
rev. GERMANVS / INDVTILLI L
Bull, butting l.
cf. RIC I, 249; AMC 459ff.; RPC 506 (for official issue!)
F+, interesting barbaric style

Germanus Indutilli Libertus seems to be a Trever, who was allowed to issue coins in Northern Gaul. Lit.: H.W.Doppler, Über die Germanus Indutilli L.-Prägung, in 'GNS 17, 1967, pp.90-94'.
Addition April 2014 (Francis Jarman): According to J.M.Doyen in "Archeologie urbaine a Reims 7 (2008)" attributes this coin to the Remi, minted in Durocortorum Remorum (Reims.
Jochen
augustus_384_Gegenstempel.jpg
Augustus, RIC 384, countermarked14 viewsAugustus, 27 BC - AD 14
AE - Dupondius(?), 6.70g, 24.24mm, 330°
struck under moneyer L. Naevius Surdinus
Rome, 15 BC
obv. at the upper edge oak leafs, beneath remains of a legend, perhaps:
[AVGVS]TVS / [TRIBVNICI] / [POT]ES[T.]
in 3 lines within oak wreath
rev. [L.]SVR[DINVS.IIIVIR A.]A.A[.F.F.] (?)
around big S - C
ref. RIC I, 384; C. 472; BMCR I, 441, pl. 19, 2

2 countermarks on obv.:
2x AVC: Werz 31; MPC 75
AVG(vsti), mid-late Augustean AD 11 - 14
Usually these countermarks can be found only on asses from Lugdunum and Nemausus (Werz). The combination of a Dupondius obv. with a As rev. is indicative of a "barbaric imitation". Then to search for the name of the moneyer is useless.
Jochen
leBon.jpg
Auxonne in France, 1424-1427 AD., Duchy of Burgundy, Philippe le Bon, Blanc aux Ă©cus, Poey d'Avant # 5735.97 viewsFrance, Duchy of Burgundy, Auxonne mint (?), Philip the Good (Philippe le Bon, 1419-1467), struck 1424-1427 AD.,
AR blanc aux écus (26-28 mm / 3,27 g),
Obv.: + DVX : ET : COMES : BVRGVDIE , Ecus accolés de Bourgogne nouveau et Bourgogne ancien sous PhILIPVS.
Rev.: + SIT : NOMEN : DNI : BENEDICTVM , Croix longue entre un lis et un lion, au-dessus de PhILIPVS.
B., 1230 ; Dumas, 15-7-1 ; Poey d'Avant # 5735.

"PotatorII": "This coin is atributed to Auxonne mint because of the presence of a "secret dot" under the first letter (S) on reverse."

Rare

Imitation du blanc aux écus d'Henri VI d'Angleterre, frappé en France ŕ partir de novembre 1422.

Philip the Good (French: Philippe le Bon), also Philip III, Duke of Burgundy (July 31, 1396 – June 15, 1467) was Duke of Burgundy from 1419 until his death. He was a member of a cadet line of the Valois dynasty (the then Royal family of France). During his reign Burgundy reached the height of its prosperity and prestige and became a leading center of the arts. Philip is known in history for his administrative reforms, patronage of Flemish artists such as Jan van Eyck, and the capture of Joan of Arc. During his reign he alternated between English and French alliances in an attempt to improve his dynasty's position.
Born in Dijon, he was the son of John the Fearless and Margaret of Bavaria-Straubing. On the 28 January 1405, he was named Count of Charolais in appanage of his father and probably on the same day he was engaged to Michele of Valois (1395–1422), daughter of Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria. They were married in June of 1409.
Philip subsequently married Bonne of Artois (1393–1425), daughter of Philip of Artois, Count of Eu, and also the widow of his uncle, Philip II, Count of Nevers, in Moulins-les-Engelbert on November 30, 1424. The latter is sometimes confused with Philip's biological aunt, also named Bonne (sister of John the Fearless, lived 1379 - 1399), in part due to the Papal Dispensation required for the marriage which made no distinction between a marital aunt and a biological aunt.
His third marriage, in Bruges on January 7, 1430 with Isabella of Portugal (1397 - December 17, 1471), daughter of John I of Portugal and Philippa of Lancaster, produced three sons:
* Antoine (September 30, 1430, Brussels – February 5, 1432, Brussels), Count of Charolais
* Joseph (April 24, 1432 – aft. May 6, 1432), Count of Charolais
* Charles (1433–1477), Count of Charolais and Philip's successor as Duke, called "Charles the Bold" or "Charles the Rash"
Philip also had some eighteen illegitimate children, including Antoine, bastard of Burgundy, by twenty four documented mistresses [1]. Another, Philip of Burgundy (1464-1524), bishop of Utrecht, was a fine amateur artist, and the subject of a biography in 1529.
Philip became duke of Burgundy, count of Flanders, Artois and Franche Comté when his father was assassinated in 1419. Philip accused Charles, the Dauphin of France and Philip's brother-in-law of planning the murder of his father which had taken place during a meeting between the two at Montereau, and so he continued to prosecute the civil war between the Burgundians and Armagnacs. In 1420 Philip allied himself with Henry V of England under the Treaty of Troyes. In 1423 the alliance was strengthened by the marriage of his sister Anne to John, Duke of Bedford, regent for Henry VI of England.
In 1430 Philip's troops captured Joan of Arc at Compičgne and later handed her over to the English who orchestrated a heresy trial against her, conducted by pro-Burgundian clerics. Despite this action against Joan of Arc, Philip's alliance with England was broken in 1435 when Philip signed the Treaty of Arras (which completely revoked the Treaty of Troyes) and thus recognised Charles VII as king of France. Philip signed for a variety of reasons, one of which may have been a desire to be recognised as the Premier Duke in France. Philip then attacked Calais, but this alliance with Charles was broken in 1439, with Philip supporting the revolt of the French nobles the following year (an event known as the Praguerie) and sheltering the Dauphin Louis.
Philip generally was preoccupied with matters in his own territories and seldom was directly involved in the Hundred Years' War, although he did play a role during a number of periods such as the campaign against Compiegne during which his troops captured Joan of Arc. He incorporated Namur into Burgundian territory in 1429 (March 1, by purchase from John III, Marquis of Namur), Hainault and Holland, Frisia and Zealand in 1432 (with the defeat of Countess Jacqueline in the last episode of the Hook and Cod wars); inherited the duchy of Brabant and Limburg and the margrave of Antwerp in 1430 (on the death of his cousin Philip of Saint-Pol); and purchased Luxembourg in 1443 from Elisabeth of Bohemia, Duchess of Luxembourg. Philip also managed to ensure his illegitimate son, David, was elected Bishop of Utrecht in 1456. It is not surprising that in 1435, Philip began to style himself "Grand Duke of the West". In 1463 Philip returned some of his territory to Louis XI. That year he also created an Estates-General based on the French model. The first meeting of the Estates-General was to obtain a loan for a war against France and to ensure support for the succession of his son, Charles I, to his dominions. Philip died in Bruges in 1467.

my ancient coin database
1 commentsArminius
083n.jpg
AVG and TI•CAE 248 viewsBALKAN imitation of Augustus' moneyers' series Ć Dupondius. Ć 23. 1st century A.D. Obv: Blundered legend within oak-wreath; 2 countermarks. Rev: Blundered legend around large S.C, all inverted. Axis: 360°. Weight: 6.82 g. CM(1): AVG (inverted), in rectangular punch, 9 x 5 mm. Cf. Howgego 577. CM(2): TI•CĆ (inverted), in rectangular punch, 4 x 7.5 mm. Cf. Howgego 602. Note: Interestingly, not only the coin is imitative, but also the countermarks, which are inverted version of the commonly encountered TICAE and AVG countermarks. Collection Automan.Automan
B_059_Imitation-Barbar_Anonim-Follis_SB--p-_Q-001,_6h,_24,5-26,5mm,_9,04g-s.jpg
B 059 Anonymous Follis, SB ????, AE-Follis, Class A2 (?), (Ancient (Barbar) Imitation), 113 viewsB 059 Anonymous Follis, SB ????, AE-Follis, Class A2 (?), (Ancient (Barbar) Imitation),
(Class A2, attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII.)
averse: +ЄMMΔ VOHΛI instead of +ЄMMA NOVHΛ, IC-XC, Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
reverse: +IhSyS / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings", all S are "revers" !!!
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 24,5-26,6mm, weight: 9,04g, axis: 6h,
mint: Ancient (Barbar) Imitation., date: ??? A.D., ref: SB ???,
Q-001
quadrans
Baktria_AthenianOwlImitation_SNG-ANS9.jpg
Baktria, Athenian owl imitation9 viewsBaktria, Athenian owl imitation. 393-300 BC. AR Hemidrachm (1.46 gm). Head of Athena r., crested helmet ornamented with olive leaves. Bunch of grapes on vine behind. / Owl stdg r., wings closed, olive twig to l. AOE to r. VF. Boperachichi Sophytes (1996) series 1A; SNG ANS 9 #9; Svornos pl 17 #34-36; MIG -. cf HGC 4,1644.Christian T
6~2.jpg
Barbarian imitation - Crispus or Constantine I AE314 viewsdouble strucked
∅ 20 mm; 3.52 gr
found in Slovakia
pannonii
5~3.jpg
Barbarian imitation - V X.X18 viewsProbably Crispus or Constantine I obverse imitation
∅16.5 mm; 1.37 gr
found in Hungary
pannonii
imitation_of_Constantine.jpg
barbarian imitation of Constantine I AE 3 (follis)27 viewsBalkan ?
after 318 AD
cuirassed, helmeted ? bust right
imitation of latin legend
two Victories facing each other
imitation of latin legend
I)I ?
3,66g 21-20mm
Johny SYSEL
barbaric_issue_constantine_i.jpg
BARBARIC COPY - Constantine I151 viewsBARBARIC imitation of Constantine I “2 Victories” Obv.: Imitation of legend. Helmeted and cuirassed bust right. Rev.: Imitation of legend. Two Victories holding a shield above an altar. 2.61 g.dpaul7
IMG_0421.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Claudius II " Consecratio " Altar type. C. 270-280 AD. AE13mm20 viewsBarbaric imitation of Claudius II " Consecratio " Altar type. C. 270-280 AD.
Obv. Radiate bust right.
Rev. Altar with flame at top.
Lee S
DSCN6634.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Claudius II " Consecratio " Antoninianus C. 270-280 AD. AE 15-19mm18 viewsBarbaric imitation of Claudius II " Consecratio " Antoninianus C. 270-280 AD.
Obv. Radiate head right
Rev. Eagle standing left . CONSECRATIO
Lee S
DSCN6958.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Claudius II " Consecratio " Antoninianus C. 270-280 AD. AE 15mm15 viewsBarbaric imitation of Claudius II " Consecratio " Antoninianus C. 270-280 AD.
Obv. Radiate head right
Rev. Eagle standing left . CONSECRATIO

Metal detector find from Northern France.
Lee S
DSCN6953.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Claudius II " Consecratio " Antoninianus C. 270-280 AD. AE 16mm23 viewsBarbaric imitation of Claudius II " Consecratio " Antoninianus C. 270-280 AD.
Obv. Radiate head right
Rev. Eagle standing left . CONSECRATIO

Metal detector find from Northern France.
Lee S
DSCN6944.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Claudius II " Consecratio " Antoninianus C. 270-280 AD. AE 16mm29 viewsBarbaric imitation of Claudius II " Consecratio " Antoninianus C. 270-280 AD.
Obv. Radiate head right
Rev. Eagle standing left . CONSECRATIO

Metal detector find from Northern France.
Lee S
DSCN6640.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Claudius II " Consecratio " Antoninianus. C. 270-280 AD. AE15mm27 viewsBarbaric imitation of Claudius II " Consecratio " Antoninianus C. 270-280 AD.
Obv. Radiate head right
Rev. Eagle standing left, head right
Lee S
greek101606_01.jpg
Barbaric Imitation of Severus Alexander Provincial26 viewsBarbaric Imitation copying Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Caesarea, Samaria
Legend in wreath seems to be mirrored.
Legitimate Pattern coin is a Bronze AE 23 Caesarea mint, IMP C SEV AL-EXAND, laureat, bare bust right seen from behind; reverse C I F AV F C CAE METROP (or similar), S P Q R, within wreath supported by eagle
Scotvs Capitis
9T14.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Tetricus I "IMP TETRICVS P F AVG" , C.271-274. AE14mm21 viewsObv. Radiate bust right. Blundered legend.
Rev. Victory standing left holding wreath & palm.

UK Detector find.
Lee S
IMG_0014.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Tetricus I "IMP TETRICVS P F AVG" , C.271-274. AE15mm13 viewsObv. Radiate bust right. Blundered legend.
Rev. Victory standing left holding wreath & palm. Blundered legend
Lee S
IMG_0754.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Tetricus I (FIDES MILITVM ? ) AE20mm13 viewsBarbaric imitation of Tetricus I (FIDES MILITVM ? )
Obv. radiate bust right, Blundered legend.
Rev. Figure standing. Blundered legend.
Lee S
IMG_0009.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Tetricus I / II . AE11mm.11 viewsObv. Radiate bust right.
Rev. Figure standing, border of dots.

UK detector find.
Lee S
17T12.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Tetricus I / II . AE12mm.11 viewsObv. Radiate bust right.
Rev. Figure standing facing.

UK detector find.
Lee S
IMG_7804.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Tetricus I / II . AE15mm38 viewsObv. Radiate, draped bust right . Blundered legend.
Rev. Figure standing right holding spear. Blundered legend, perhaps in a dotted border
( there is a lot going on here for such a little coin, and does the portrait not look wonderfully stearn!!!
1 commentsLee S
IMG_0003.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Tetricus I / II . AE1mm.13 viewsObv. Radiate bust right. Blundered legend.
Rev. Figure standing. Blundered legend.

UK detector find.
Lee S
18T9.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Tetricus I / II . AE9mm.12 viewsObv. Radiate bust right.
Rev. Figure standing.

UK detector find.
Lee S
10C12.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Tetricus II "C P E TETRICVS CAES" , C.273 AE12mm13 viewsObv. Radiate Bust right. Blundered legend.
Rev. Sacrificial implements, blundered legend.

UK Detector find.
Lee S
DSCF2010.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Tetricus II "C P E TETRICVS CAES" , C.273 AE15mm27 viewsBarbaric imitation of Tetricus II "C P E TETRICVS CAES" , C.273AD
Obv. Radiate Bust right.
Rev. Sacrificial implement (s)
1 commentsLee S
P1019033.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Tetricus II, AE13mm24 viewsBarbaric imitation of Tetricus II.

Obv. Radiate, draped bust right.

Rev. Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter. Blundered legend.

UK Found.
Lee S
IMG_0405.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Tetricus II. AE15mm22 viewsBarbaric imitation of Tetricus II.
Obv. Radiate, draped bust right. Blundered legend.
Rev . Figure (Spes? ) standing left, blundered legend.
( I love this coin as the portrait is better than many genuine roman coins, but the reverse is a stick figure... Ace!! )
Lee S
12T18.JPG
Barbaric imitation of Tetricus II. C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES. AE1224 viewsObv. Radiate, draped bust right . Blundered legend.
Rev. Pax standing left holding branch and sceptre. Blundered legend.

UK Detector find.
Lee S
1147737_10151779450296764_663776536_o.jpg
Barbaric imitative of Tetricus I SPES PVBLICA. AE 15mm. C271 AD.33 viewsBarbaric imitation of Imitative of Tetricus I SPES PVBLICA. C.271 AD.

Obv. radiate draped bust right

Rev. SPES PVBLICA, Spes walking left, holding flower in right hand and raising robe with left hand.

Uk Find.

1 commentsLee S
Barbaric1.jpg
Barbarous7 viewsBarbarous imitationTanit
greek_unk.jpg
Barbarous imitation of Augustus Moneyer AE45 viewsScotvs Capitis
B-claudius_01.jpg
Barbarous Imitation of Claudius Sestertius28 viewsObv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP - Laureate head right.
Rev: SPES AVGVSTA S C - Spes walking left.
Cat #: RIC.99 (after)
oa
11C10.JPG
Barbarous imitation of FEL TEMP REPARATIO Fallen Horseman ( Constantine dynasty ) AE10mm18 viewsObv. Bust right.
Rev. Something involving a Spear and a horse!!!

UK Detector find.
Lee S
IMG_0415.JPG
Barbarous imitation of FEL TEMP REPARATIO Fallen Horseman ( Constantine dynasty ) AE11mm12 viewsBarbarous imitation of FEL TEMP REPARATIO Fallen Horseman ( Constantine dynasty )
Obv. Bust right.
Rev. Rev. Soldier spearing fallen horseman.
Uk Detector find
Lee S
16C12.JPG
Barbarous imitation of FEL TEMP REPARATIO Fallen Horseman ( Constantine dynasty ) AE12mm16 viewsObv. Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. Soldier spearing fallen horseman.

UK Detector find.
Lee S
13C12.JPG
Barbarous imitation of FEL TEMP REPARATIO Fallen Horseman ( Constantine dynasty ) AE12mm11 viewsObv. Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. Soldier spearing fallen horseman.

UK Detector find
Lee S
7C10.JPG
Barbarous imitation of Roman coin ( Constantine dynasty ) AE10mm12 viewsBarbarous imitation of Roman coin C.300-350AD

UK Metal detector find
Lee S
3C11.JPG
Barbarous imitation of Roman coin ( Constantine dynasty ) AE11mm12 viewsBarbarous imitation of Roman coin C.300-350AD

UK Metal detector find
Lee S
DSCN4912.JPG
Barbarous imitation of Roman coin AE10mm Tetricus I/II..20 viewsBarbarous imitation of Roman coin AE10mm, C 175 AD
UK metal detector find.
Lee S
6T10.JPG
Barbarous imitation of Roman coin AE10mm Tetricus I/II..12 viewsBarbarous imitation of Roman coin AE10mm, C 175 AD
UK metal detector find.
Lee S
G~0.jpg
Barbarous imitation of Roman coin AE11mm14 viewsBarbarous imitation of Roman coin C.300-350AD
UK Metal detector find
Lee S
14T11.JPG
Barbarous imitation of Roman coin AE11mm Tetricus I/II..13 viewsObv. Radiate bust right
Rev. Figure advancing right.

UK metal detector find.
Lee S
5T9.jpg
Barbarous imitation of Roman coin AE9mm9 viewsBarbarous imitation of Roman coin C.300-350AD
UK Metal detector find
Lee S
barbarous_radiate.jpg
Barbarous imitation of Tetricus or Victorinus38 viewsHelp in identification of the reign that this was minted in is welcome3 commentsPaul D3
Barbar-3,09g-Q-004-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #0475 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #04
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// -o-, diameter: 15-17mm, weight:3,09g, axis: h,
mint: ???, date: , ref: ,
Q-004
quadrans
Barbar-2,27g-Q-005-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #0569 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #05
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// I S, diameter: 15-17mm, weight:2,27g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: , ref: ,
Q-005
quadrans
Barbar-2,88g-Q-006-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #0681 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #06
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// Confusing text, diameter: 15-16mm, weight:2,88g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: , ref: ,
Q-006
quadrans
Barbar-_Q-007_6h_17,5mm_1,89g-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #0778 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #07
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// SIS, diameter: 17,5mm, weight:1,89g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: , ref: ,
Q-007
1 commentsquadrans
Barbar-Q-010-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #10139 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #10
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, with spear.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// P T T, diameter: 15-17mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Ticinum ??? , date: , ref: ,
Q-010
quadrans
Barbarous_Imitation,_AE-3,_VICTORIA_LAETAE_PRINC_PERP_type,Q-006,_6h,_15,5-17mm,_2,01g-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #1191 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #11
avers: IIIIIIIIIIIII III, Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: H III III II ИИ, Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading "VOT/PR" imitation on cippus.
exergue: -/-// Confusing text, diameter: 15,5-17,0mm, weight:2,01g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: , ref: ,
Q-011
1 commentsquadrans
Barbar-_Q-013-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #1384 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #13
avers:- Confusing text ( H N H N H), Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// I I, diameter: 17mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: , ref: ,
Q-013
quadrans
Barbar-_Q-014-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #1476 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #14
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// SIS, diameter: 17mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: , ref: ,
Q-014
quadrans
Barbar-VICTORIA-LAET-type_Q-017_6h_16-18mm_2,50g-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #1768 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #17
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// STP, Confusing text, diameter: 16-18mm, weight:2,50g, axis: 6h,
mint: Arles, date: , ref: ,
Q-017
quadrans
Barbar-_Q-019_Q-001_5h_18-19mm_2,94g-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #1997 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #19
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, with shield the left arm and spear over the right shoulder.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// TIT, diameter: 18-19mm, weight:2,94g, axis:5h,
mint: Siscia, date: , ref: ,
Q-019
3 commentsquadrans
Barbar-AE-17_VICTORIA-LAETAE_type_Decorated_Shield_emperor_riding_right_(Constantinus-I)_Q-039_6h_16,5-17,5mm_2,75g-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, (Constantinus I. ???), #3987 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, (Constantinus I. ???), #39
avers: HHCOSTIHTHHI ???, Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, with decorated shield (with emperor riding right) the left arm and spear over the right shoulder.
revers: HHHTHHHSHS ???, Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// Confusing letters, diameter: 16,5-17,5mm, weight:2,75g, axis:6h,
mint: Siscia??? date: , ref: ,
Q-019
quadrans
Barbar-_Q-015-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, CONCORDIA MILITVM type, #0185 viewsBarbarous Imitation, CONCORDIA MILITVM type, #01
avers:-Confused legends, Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right,
revers:- Confused legends, ,
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Q-015
quadrans
Barbar-CONCORDIA_MILITVM_type_Q-015a_axis-0h_21-22mm_4,93g-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, CONCORDIA MILITVM type, #0285 viewsBarbarous Imitation, CONCORDIA MILITVM type, #02
avers:-Confused legends, Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right,
revers:- Confused legends, ,
exerg: , diameter: 21-22 mm, weight: 4,93g, axes: 0h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Q-001
quadrans
Barbar-_Q-010-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, FEL TEMP REPARATIO type, #0195 viewsBarbarous Imitation, FEL TEMP REPARATIO type, #01
avers:-Confused legends, Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right,
revers:- Confused legends, Soldier spearing falling enemy horseman.
exerg: -/-//Confused text, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,,
Q-010
1 commentsquadrans
Barbar-_Q-011-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, FEL TEMP REPARATIO type, #0290 viewsBarbarous Imitation, FEL TEMP REPARATIO type, #02
avers:-Confused legends, Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right,
revers:- Confused legends, Soldier spearing falling enemy horseman.
exerg: -/-//Confused text, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,,
Q-011
quadrans
Barbar-Fel-Temp-Rep-FH-type_Q-030_axis-0h_21mm_4,35g-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, FEL TEMP REPARATIO type, #03288 viewsBarbarous Imitation, FEL TEMP REPARATIO type, #03
avers:-Confused legends, Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right,
revers:- Confused legends, Soldier spearing falling enemy horseman.
exerg: -/-//Confused text, diameter: 21 mm, weight: 4,35 g, axes:0h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,,
Q-030
1 commentsquadrans
Barbar-Fel-Temp-Rep-FH-type_Q-039_6h_15-16mm_1,84g-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, FEL TEMP REPARATIO type, #3982 viewsBarbarous Imitation, FEL TEMP REPARATIO type, #39
avers:-Confused legends, Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right,
revers:- Confused legends, Soldier spearing falling enemy horseman.
exerg: -/-//Confused text, diameter: 15-16 mm, weight: 1,84 g, axes:6h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Q-039
2 commentsquadrans
Barbar-Fel-Temp-Rep-FH-type_Q-045_3h_21,5-22,5mm_5,59g-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, FEL TEMP REPARATIO type, #45188 viewsBarbarous Imitation, FEL TEMP REPARATIO type, #45
avers:- Confused legends, Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right,
revers:- Confused legends, Soldier spearing falling enemy horseman .
exerg: -/-//Confused text, diameter: 21,5-22,5 mm, weight: 5,59 g, axes:3h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Q-045
4 commentsquadrans
Barbar-Tetricus-I_C-TERICVS-AVG_II-I-E-II-VG___typ_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, PAX type, #0167 viewsBarbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, PAX type, #01
avers:- - C-TERICVS-AVG-, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- Confusing text- ..II-I-E-II-VG.., Pax (?) standing right, holding branch of peace and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//-- , diameter: mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Q-001
quadrans
Barbar-Tetricus_Q-021_3h_16mm_1,54g-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-021,65 viewsBarbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-021,
avers:- Confusing text - IM-...AVG, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- Confusing text- .II ..C-, .
exerg: -/-//-- , diameter: 16mm, weight:1,54g, axis: 3h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Q-021
quadrans
Barbar-Tetricus_Q-022_4h_14mm_1,09g-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-022,61 viewsBarbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-022,
avers:- Confusing text - ..-IV APIA..., Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- Confusing text- ...AVG, .
exerg: -/-//-- , diameter: 14mm, weight:1,09g, axis: 4h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Q-022
quadrans
Barbar-Tetricus_Q-046_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-046,85 viewsBarbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-046,
avers:- Confusing text - IMP-...AVG, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- Confusing text- .II ..C-, (VIRTVS or MARS ???).
exerg: -/-//-- , diameter: mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Q-046
quadrans
Barbar-Tetricus-II_IM-IV___CAES____SVVSC_SALVS_typ_Q-001_axis-0h_17-18,5mm_2,49g-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, Tertricus-II, AE-3, SALVS type, #0174 viewsBarbarous Imitation, Tertricus-II, AE-3, SALVS type, #01
avers:- Confusing text - IM-IV...CAES-, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- Confusing text- ...SVVSC-, Salus standing right, feeding serpent rising from altar.
exerg: -/-//-- , diameter: 17-18,5mm, weight:2,49g, axis: 0h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Q-001
quadrans
Barbar-_Q-012a-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, VOT/X type, #1262 viewsBarbarous Imitation, VOT/X type, #12
avers:- Confused legends, Pearl diademed bust right,
revers:- Confused legends, VOT/•/X in wreath,
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Q-012
quadrans
Barbar-VOT-type_Q-045_6h_mm_ga-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, VOT/X type, #4568 viewsBarbarous Imitation, VOT/X type, #45
avers:- Confused legends, Pearl diademed bust left,
revers:- Confused legends, VOT/+ beetween two palm branch in wreath,
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Q-045
quadrans
Barbar-VOT-type_Q-037_6h_15,5-16,5mm_1,47ga-s.jpg
Barbarous Imitation, VOT/XX type, #3761 viewsBarbarous Imitation, VOT/XX type, #37
avers:- Confused legends, Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right,
revers:- Confused legends, VOT/•/XX in wreath,
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 15,5-16,5 mm, weight: 1,47 g, axes:6h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Q-037
quadrans
AEbarbar01.jpg
Barbarous Imitations - Constantine I AE3 (after 319 AD)88 viewsobv: OSMI...IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIOI (coded latin)
rev: IIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
mint: ? (perhaps SIS)
2.68g, 16mm
1 commentsberserker
AEbarbar02.jpg
Barbarous Imitations - Crispus AE329 viewsobv: IVL.CRISPVS.NOB.CAES
rev: VIRTVS.EXERCIT
original coin ref: RIC VI-Siscia136 (R5)
2.03g, 15mm
1 commentsberserker
BARB_VICT_LAE.jpg
BARBAROUS IMITATIVE17 views4th Century AD
AE
Barbarous imitation of VICTORIAE LAETAE type
AE 17 mm, 2.61 g
O: Helmeted, cuirassed bust right, blundered legend
R:Two Victories placing inscribed shield on altar, blundered legend.
laney
BARB_GLORIA.jpg
BARBAROUS IMITATIVE18 views4th Century AD.
Barbarous imitation of GLORIA EXERCITUS type.
AE 16 mm, 1.87 g
O: Bust right
R: Two soldiers standing on either side of single standard
laney
Ancient_Counterfeits_Barbarous_Trajan_Denarius_Roma.jpg
Barbarous Trajan Roma8 viewsBarbarous imitation of a Trajan denarius, possibly RIC 116
Obv: Laur. r.
Rev: Roma seated l., holding Victory and spear.
Blundered legend.

3.49g, 19mm
klausklage
late_roman_retrograde.jpg
BCC LR1919 viewsLate Roman Imitation
Crispus? 317-326 CE
Obv: Illegible retrograde and/or revese inscription.
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left
Rev:II or V/ X.X within wreath, reverse and/or retrograde
inscription around. Mostly non-sense letters.
AE 15.5mm. 1.35gm. Axis:180
v-drome
Hemhem_chalkon_BCC_M2.jpg
BCC M233 viewsCaesarea Minima
Trajan 98-117CE
Alexandria or Caesarea? Mint
AE Chalkon?
Obv: Laur. head of Trajan
Rev: Hemhem Crown of Harpokrates
10mm. 0.59gm. axis:180
Possible imitation of BMC 561; Emmett 707,
but there is nothing exactly like it in Hamburger,
Atiqot Vol. 1(1954). The most similar
specimen could be #103.
v-drome
BCC_m50.jpg
BCC m5041 viewsCaesarea Minima BCC m50
Revolt Imitation of
Year Three Prutah
Obv: Traces of Hebrew inscr.
sh-na-t sha-lo-sh
(year three 68-69 CE)
Amphora with lid
Rev: Vine leaf? traces of insc?
AE12.5mm. 0.90g. Axis:?
v-drome
BCC_m51.jpg
BCC m5155 viewsCaesarea Minima BCC m51
Mint: unknown. Possibly
Jerusalem or Caesarea?
Revolt Imitation or
minima Prutah
Obv: Pomegranate? or grain stalk?
Rev: Grape vine leaf
AE12mm.0.84g.Axis:270?
1 commentsv-drome
BCC_m52.jpg
BCC m5234 viewsCaesarea Minima BCC m52
Mint: unknown. Possibly
Jerusalem or Caesarea?
Revolt Imitation or
Jewish Prutah minima.
Obv: Amphora with two
handles, no lid? in wreath
Rev:Grape vine leaf. Scratched in antiquity.
AE11.5mm.0.77g.Axis:0
v-drome
BCC_m53.jpg
BCC m5349 viewsCaesarea Minima BCC m53
Mint: unknown. Possibly
Jerusalem or Caesarea?
Revolt Imitation or
Jewish Prutah minima
Obv:Uncertain object with-in border of dots.
Rev:Grape vine leaf with-in border of dots.
AE12mm.0.92g.Axis:?
1 commentsv-drome
BCC_m54.jpg
BCC m5451 viewsCaesarea Minima BCC m54
Mint: unknown. Possibly
Jerusalem or Caesarea?
Revolt Imitation or
Jewish Prutah minima.
Obv:Three ears of wheat
Rev:Grape vine leaf.
AE11.5mm.0.82g.Axis:0
1 commentsv-drome
BCC_m55.jpg
BCC m5548 viewsCaesarea Minima BCC m55
Mint: unknown. Possibly
Jerusalem or Caesarea?
Revolt Imitation or
Jewish Prutah minima
Obv: Pomegranate?
Rev:Three ears of wheat
AE12.5mm.1.22g.Axis:270
v-drome
tyre_minimae_BCC_m56-60.jpg
BCC m56-6096 viewsCaesarea Minimae BCC m56-m60
Five minute coins from Caesarea Maritima
Mint: Caesarea or Tyre?
Obv:Head of Tyche or male bust right, often crudely rendered.
Rev: Palm tree,with fruits, traces of inscription
AE10.0 - 12.5mm. 0.60 - 0.93g. Axis:0 or 90
Similar to Hamburger #6 through #26
Hamburger assigns this type to the mint at Tyre, in imitation of
the well-known autonomous coins of that city from the late 1st
and early 2nd cent. CE. However, other experts suggest Caesarea was
the mint, since they seem to be most commonly found there.
v-drome
BCC_M61-65_Tyre.jpg
BCC m61-m65100 viewsFive minute coins from Caesarea Maritima
BCC m61-m65
Mint: Caesarea or Tyre?
Obv:Head of Tyche right, crudely rendered on some specimens.
Rev: Palm tree, with fruits and/or traces of inscription or pseudo-date.
AE10.5-12.0mm. 0.62-1.07gm. Axis: 90
Similar to Hamburger #6-26 “Minute Coins
from Caesarea Maritima” Vol.1 Atiqot,1954.
Hamburger assigns this type to the mint at Tyre, in imitation of
the well-known autonomous coins of that city from the late 1st
and early 2nd cent. CE. However, other experts suggest Caesarea was
the mint, since they seem to be commonly found there. Of note is the 90 degree
axis seen in the majority of these Tyche/palm tree minimae.
v-drome
tyre_minimae_m71-75.jpg
BCC m71-m7557 viewsCaesarea Minimae
Five minute coins from Caesarea Maritima
Mint: Caesarea or Tyre?
Obv:Head of Tyche right, crudely
rendered on some specimens. The second
coin, (m72), has a palm branch to the left
of Tyche. Rev: Palm tree with fruits, traces
of inscription, or pseudo-date, very crudely
rendered on m74 and m75.
AE12.5mm.-8.5mm. 0.79gm.-0.29gm.
Axis:var. Similar to Hamburger #6-#26.
Apparently minted in imitation of the well
known 1st-2nd CE autonomous coins of Tyre.
v-drome
minima_BCC_m78.jpg
BCC m7830 viewsCaesarea Minima
Uncertain Mint
2nd century CE?
Obv: Helmeted head left.
Rev: City goddess with turreted crown,
traces of inscription or psuedo inscription.
9.5mm. 0.83gm. Axis: 0

This tiny coin bears a strong resemblance
to a considerably larger AE15mm (3.00gm,
axis:0) of Vologases IV, Parthian King
ca. 147-191 CE, Seleukeia mint, and may
be a local or foreign imitation of such a coin.
v-drome
elephant_BCC_m79.jpg
BCC M7925 viewsCaesarea Minima
Alexandria Mint?
Hadrian? or Trajan, 2nd century CE
Obv: Bearded? laureate head right.
Rev: Elephant walking right
12.5x10mm. 1.05gm. Axis: 330
cf. Hamburger #76 Possible imitation of
BMC Alexandria nos. 491-493
v-drome
corn_ears_BCC_M93.jpg
BCC M9322 viewsCaesarea Minima
Hadrian 117-138 CE
Caesarea or Alexandria Mint?
AE Chalkon?
Obv: Laureate head right.
Rev: Three ears of corn tied together.
Date (or psuedo date) L --
11.0mm. 0.67gm. Axis:270
Reference: Hamburger #88. This
coin is an imitation of Hamburger #87,
(cf. BMC Alexandria 891, and
Emmett 1176)
v-drome
minima_corn_ears_m94-m97.jpg
BCC M94- m9746 views4 minimae from Caesarea
Hadrian? 117-138 CE
Caesarea or Alexandria Mint?
AE Chalkon?
Obv: Laureate head right, crudely rendered,
(m95 radiate?)
Rev: Three ears of corn tied together. No date.
Diameter: 11.0-9.0mm. Weight: 0.62, 0.30,
0.48, 0.67gm. Axis: various
Reference: Hamburger #88-#90, (described
therein as imitations of Hamburger #87,
cf. BMC Alexandria no. 891). See also: Emmett 1176.
v-drome
BCC_RI24_Caracalla_Indvlg.jpg
BCC RI24 - Hybrid18 viewsRoman Imperial
Caracalla 198-217C.E.
AR Denarius (debased silver?)
Obv:ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
Laureate, bearded bust right.
Rev:INDVGENTIA AVGG IN CARTH
Dea Caelestis riding lion right,
over waters.
18mm. 3.50gm. Axis:180
Possible reference for reverse: RIC 130
This is a very unusual coin, perhaps
a contemporary imitation mis-matching
the Dea Caelestis reverse with a later,
mature portrait of Caracalla.
v-drome
hadrian_concordia.jpg
BCC RI34 51 viewsRoman Imperial
AR Denarius
Hadrian 117-138 C.E.
Obv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bare-headed bust of Hadrian rt.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG
Concordia standing left
17mm 3.01gm. Axis:180
I have not found the standing
Concordia type on denarii of Hadrian,
though it is known on coins of
Sabina. This coin may be an
unofficial imitation or hybrid,
possibly in the wrong metal.
The style is very unusual.
v-drome
robert_Taranto_2011-02-131.jpg
Billion Soldino 25 viewsObverse: + FRA DAN DVLO DVX Doge kneeling l., holding banner
Reverse: + S MARCVS VENTI Lion of St MArk l., holding banner
Mint: tentatively to mint of Glarentza
Date 1333-1364 CE
Malloy p. 370. 61, Cox, caparelli Hoard, I, 8-12
12mm


The Frankish states in Greece likely began minting sometime after 1255. Rather similar to french tournois and Venetian grossi as in the example above, and rather unlike the Byzantine types of Constantinople and Thessalonica, possibly they represent likely a coinage for the Franks who were living in the new Western capital of Morea after the fall of Constantinople in 1204. Though in the past these coins as above have been attributed to Robert of Taranto due to site finds, Malloy admits that Metcalf proposes that these imitation grossi are possibly Serbian or another Balkan power. Perhaps more evidence will be uncovered,
wileyc
2012-07-1522.jpg
Broken Cast Imitation AE Denarius of Julia Domna24 viewsThis is a broken cast imitation denarius of Julia Domna with IVNO REGINA reverse. It was cast in high leaded bronze. It weighs 2.07 grams. otlichnik
2012-07-1516.jpg
Broken Limes falsa cast imitation Severus Alexander Sestertius22 viewsThis is a fragment of a cast of a Severus Alexander Sestertius with IMP SEV ALE... and laureate head right. The reverse appears to show Mars advancing right. The fragment weights 4.78 grams and is roughly 1/3 of the ogirinal. It was broken in antiquity as shown by the patina on the break-edges. This coin was found in Lower austria. A cast from the same type was found at Carnuntum (Numismata Carnuntina, imitation #357).otlichnik
0_014.JPG
Bulgarian Imitation of Manuel I28 viewsAE - Trachy
Two figures standing facing,
left figure wearing collar with six dots, waist band with five.
Christ, nimbate, standing facing
star to either side
Type A
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Sear-387_-_Imitation.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Justin II (565-578) Ć Nummus, Antioch? (Sear 387; DOC 149; MIBE 66)14 viewsObv: Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Justin II right
Rev: Monogram within circular border

A seemingly unrecorded monogram for the issue, thus perhaps imitative. Additionally, the official issue does not have the linear border on the reverse.
Quant.Geek
DOC_A2_52_3.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Ć Anonymous Class A2 Follis, Contemporary Imitation (DOC III.2-A2.52.3)11 viewsQuant.Geek
DOC_III-Bb.jpg
Byzantine Imitation: Anonymous (ca 11th Century) Ć Follis, Unknown Mint (DOC III Bb; Zervos 9-10)23 viewsObv: IC to left, XC with pellet above to right; Bust of Christ facing, with cross nimbus having quincunx (⁙) in each arm and pellet in each upper quarter, wearing tunic and himation; right hand raised in blessing in sling of cloak, left hand holds book, with ⁙ on cover, from beneath.
Rev: IS-XI IAZ-IIЄ IAZ-IIЄ to left and right above and below of cross; cross on base and two steps, pellet at each end of upper arms
Dim: 25mm, 6.78g
Quant.Geek
sear0041.jpg
BYZANTINE, ALEXIUS I AE Tetarteron S- Unlisted DOC 41 CLBC 2.4.11131 views
OBV Monogram of Alexius.

REV Bust of Emperor wearing stemma divitision and jeweled loros of traditional type holds in r. hand jeweled scepter and in l. gl. cr.

Size 16/18mm

Weight 2.3gm

This is believed to be a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. Grierson believed this coin to be an imitation and Hendy's original catalog mentioned the coin as mythical , a coin had been published a century before but no currently known examples.
By the time DOC IV was published twenty years latter, one was found in the collection of the museum of Istanbul.

My example has now been published in BULLETIN du cercle d'etudeas Numismatiques VOL 52 Jan 2015 by Cedric Wolkow, three examples are shown. This one appears to be in the best condition.

DOC lists the above coin as the only example( Istanbul Museum ) Weight 3.74gm and size at 17mm. Mine is considerable lighter.
Simon
Imitation-Barbar_Anonim-Follis_SB--p-_Q-001_6h_24,5-26,5mm_9,04g-s.jpg
Byzantine, Anonymous Follis, SB ????, AE-Follis, Class A2 (?), (Ancient (Barbar) Imitation), 187 viewsAnonymous Follis, SB ????, AE-Follis, Class A2 (?), (Ancient (Barbar) Imitation),
(Class A2, attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII.)
averse: +ЄMMΔ VOHΛI instead of +ЄMMA NOVHΛ, IC-XC, Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
reverse: +IhSyS / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings", all S are "revers" !!!
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 24,5-26,6mm, weight: 9,04g, axis: 6h,
mint: Ancient (Barbar) Imitation., date: ??? A.D., ref: SB ???,
Q-001
quadrans
LatinS2026.JPG
BYZANTINE, Bulgarian Imitation 1195-1200 106 viewsObv: Christ Enthroned
Rev: Emperor Holding Scepter, Crowned by Virgin
DO Vol IV, Plate XXVI, 1
Imitation of Manuel I, Sear 1966
Laetvs
098~0.JPG
BYZANTINE, Bulgarian Imitation 1200-1202(?)53 viewsObv: Virgin Enthroned
Rev: Emperor Holding Sceptre and Akakia
DO IV pl XXVI 2
Imitation of Isaac II Angelus, Sear 2003
Laetvs
PC241150.JPG
BYZANTINE, Bulgarian Imitation 1202-121591 viewsObv: Bust of Christ
Rev: Emperor and St. Constantine
DO Vol IV, plate XXVI 3
Imitation of Alexius III trachy, Sear 2011-2013
Laetvs
BarbLatin.JPG
BYZANTINE, Imitation Latin Trachy307 viewsObv: No design
Rev: Emperor standing, holding labarum and akakia
18-20 mm
Imitation of Sear 2044
Is this coin the worst imitation ever made? The "celator" tooled the reverse design directly onto the coin! He did not even bother with the obverse, probably because the official issues were so poorly struck anyway.
From the collection of Laetvs
Laetvs
PC241181.JPG
BYZANTINE, Latin Trachy 1204-1261 Constantinople65 viewsObv: Virgin Enthroned
Rev: Emperor and St. Theodore with Patriarchal Cross Between Them
22-26 mm
Small module imitation of Empire of Nicaea trachy, Sear 2061
Laetvs
II_Geza_(1141-1162_AD)_U_65_C1_118_H_139_Q-021_2h_12,2mm_0,20g-s.jpg
CÁC II. 20.02.1.1./a1.02./03., Anonymous III. (Géza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.)?), AR-Denarius, H-139, CNH I.-118, U-065, #01178 viewsCÁC II. 20.02.1.1./a1.02./03., Anonymous III. (Géza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.)?), AR-Denarius, H-139, CNH I.-118, U-065, #01
avers: Cross on the line, imitation of Kufic legend around; border of dots.
reverse: Four wedges and four dots around cross; border of line.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,2mm, weight: 0,20g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-139, CNH I.-118, Unger-065,
Kiss-Toth, Sigla: 20.02.1.1./a1.02./03.,
Q-001
quadrans
II_Geza_(1141-1162_AD)_U-65_C1-118_H-139_Q-016_h_mm_g-s.jpg
CÁC II. 20.02.1.1./a1.04./05., Anonymous III. (Géza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.)?), AR-Denarius, H-139, CNH I.-118, U-065, #0166 viewsCÁC II. 20.02.1.1./a1.04./05., Anonymous III. (Géza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.)?), AR-Denarius, H-139, CNH I.-118, U-065, #01
avers: Cross on the line, imitation of Kufic legend around; border of dots.
reverse: Four wedges and four dots around cross; border of line.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár-139, CNH I.-118, Unger-065,
Kiss-Toth, Sigla: 20.02.1.1./a1.04./05.,
Q-001
quadrans
U_65_C1_118_H_139_Q-012_12mm_0,21ga-s.jpg
CÁC II. 20.02.1.1./b1.06./25., Anonymous III. (Géza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.)?), AR-Denarius, H-139, CNH I.-118, U-065, #0179 viewsCÁC II. 20.02.1.1./b1.06./25., Anonymous III. (Géza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.)?), AR-Denarius, H-139, CNH I.-118, U-065, #01
avers: Cross on the line, imitation of Kufic legend around; border of dots.
reverse: Four wedges and four dots around cross; border of line.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,0 mm, weight: 0,21 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-139, CNH I.-118, Unger-065,
Kiss-Toth, Sigla: 20.02.1.1./b1.06./25.,
Q-001
quadrans
U_65_C1_118_H_139_Qx-009_12mm_0,20ga-s.jpg
CÁC II. 20.02.2.1./a2.02./13., Anonymous III. (Géza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.)?), AR-Denarius, H--, CNH I.--, U--, #0171 viewsCÁC II. 20.02.2.1./a2.02./13., Anonymous III. (Géza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.)?), AR-Denarius, H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01
avers: Cross on the line, imitation of Kufic legend around; border of dots.
reverse: Four wedges and four dots around cross; border of line.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,0 mm, weight: 0,20 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--,
Kiss-Toth, Sigla: 20.02.2.1./a2.02./13.,
Q-001
quadrans
U_65_C1_118_H_139_Qx-006_12mm_0,21ga-s.jpg
CÁC II. 20.02.2.1./a2.05./16., Anonymous III. (Géza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.)?), AR-Denarius, H--, CNH I.--, U--, #0172 viewsCÁC II. 20.02.2.1./a2.05./16., Anonymous III. (Géza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.)?), AR-Denarius, H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01
avers: Cross on the line, imitation of Kufic legend around; border of dots.
reverse: Four wedges and four dots around cross; border of line.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,0 mm, weight: 0,21 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--,
Kiss-Toth, Sigla: 20.02.2.1./a2.05./16.,
Q-001
quadrans
20_02_2_1_-a2_06_-17_,_Anonymous_III__(Géza_II_,_(1141-1162_A_D_)),_AR-Denarius,_H--,_CNH_I_--,_U--,_Q-001,_0h,_11,2mm,_0,22g-s.jpg
CÁC II. 20.02.2.1./a2.06./173., Anonymous III. (Géza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.)?), AR-Denarius, H--, CNH I.--, U--, #0162 viewsCÁC II. 20.02.2.1./a2.06./173., Anonymous III. (Géza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.)?), AR-Denarius, H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01
avers: Cross on the line, imitation of Kufic legend around; border of dots.
reverse: Four wedges and four dots around cross; border of line.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 11,2 mm, weight: 0,22 g, axis: 0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--,
Kiss-Toth, Sigla: 20.02.2.1./a2.06./17.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
II_Geza_(1141-1162_AD)_U_65_C1_118_H_139_Q-015_11h_11,5mm_0,24g-s.jpg
CÁC II. 20.02.2.1./b1.06./25., Anonymous III. (Géza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.)?), AR-Denarius, H--, CNH I.--, U--, #0169 viewsCÁC II. 20.02.2.1./b1.06./25., Anonymous III. (Géza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.)?), AR-Denarius, H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01
avers: Cross on the line, imitation of Kufic legend around; border of dots.
reverse: Four wedges and four dots around cross; border of line.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 11,5 mm, weight: 0,24 g, axis: 11h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--,
Kiss-Toth, Sigla: 20.02.2.1./b1.06./25.,
Q-001
quadrans
II_Geza_U_65_C1_118_H_139_Q-001_12mm_0,19ga-s.jpg
CÁC II. 20.02.2.1./b1.07./26., Anonymous III. (Géza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.)?), AR-Denarius, H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01102 viewsCÁC II. 20.02.2.1./b1.07./26., Anonymous III. (Géza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.)?), AR-Denarius, H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01
avers: Cross on the line, imitation of Kufic legend around; border of dots.
reverse: Four wedges and four dots around cross; border of line.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,0 mm, weight: 0,19 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--,
Kiss-Toth, Sigla: 20.02.2.1./b1.07./26.,
Q-001
quadrans
Vlasto_413-4.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras, c. 385-380 BC. AR Nomos (Contemporary Imitation)37 views21mm, 7.47g, 9h
Nude youth on horseback l., crowning horse with wreath; pellet to l., A below. R/ Phalanthos riding dolphin l., holding kantharos. Cf. Vlasto 413-4; cf. HNItaly 875; SNG Fitzwilliam 257; Fisher-Bossert N 71. Corrosions, VF
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_320-1.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras, c. 415-400 BC. AR Nomos (Contemporary Imitation)37 views20mm, 5.35g, 9h
Nude youth on horseback right, placing wreath on the horse's head; caduceus before.
TARAS, Taras astride dolphin right, left hand extended, right hand at side.
Vlasto 320-1
VF – silver deeply black plated, with green spots where the copper core give up.
In consideration of the artistic quality of the dies, observe in detail the horse head on the obverse.
1 commentsLeo
Paduan_Caligula.JPG
Caligula, 37 - 41 AD148 viewsObv: C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG PM TRP IIII PP, laureate head of Caligula facing left.

Rev: AGRIPPINA DRVSILLA IVLIA, The three sisters of Caligula, standing side by side; on the left, Agrippina (personified as Securitas) with head turned right, holds cornucopia, resting right hand on column, left hand on Drusilla’s shoulder; in center Drusilla (personified as Concordia), with head turned left, holding patera in right hand and cornucopia in left; on right Julia (personified as Fortuna Augusta), with head turned left, holding rudder in right hand and cornucopia in left; SC in exergue.

20.1 grams, 35 mm

This coin is a copy of a medallion made my Giovanni da Cavino of Padua, Italy. Though it's not an "ancient forgery" I would estimate it's manufacture to be sometime in the mid to late 19th Century. There appears to be genuine wear on the coin's surface along with a waxy residue visible in the lettering above Caligula's head leading me to believe this coin might have been used as a host to cast other fakes. It appears to be a direct copy of the Paduan housed in the Bibliothčque Nationale in Paris. It is pictured in Imitations and Inventions of Roman Coins by Zander H. Klawans as Caligula 1.

RIC 41, Klawans Caligula 1
SPQR Coins
93.JPG
CAMPANIA or SAMNIUM7 viewsPossibly a Samnite imitation of the general Campanian Apollo/MFB types. It might be from Suessa, or possibly Nola. Corn ear or possibly a crude winged hippocamp above Achelous Liris as a man-faced bull to left, I between back legs, L below bull with R between front legs and I before (perhaps for LIRIS?). _OVHN_(?) in ex. MSP I, 433 (this coin illustrated).


Ex. CNG eAuction 308, lot 539 (part of)
Molinari
ccount1ORweb.jpg
Caracalla Base Metal Contemporary Counterfeit Denarius, imitation of RIC IV 22414 viewsUnknown “mint”, Caracalla Base Metal Contemporary Counterfeit Denarius, 210-213 A.D.(?) AE, 19mm 3.42g, imitation of RIC IV 224, RSC 165
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
R: MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopiae
*note on the actual denarius, Moneta is facing left, the scale is also on the left with the cornucopiae on the right. This coin is exactly backwards.
casata137ec
Ancient_Counterfeits_Caracalla_Castor.jpg
Caracalla Castor22 viewsImitation in good silver, combining a Caracalla portrait with a reverse that belongs to Geta.
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
Rev: CASTOR
Castor standing l. in front of horse, which he holds by rein, holding spear (RIC 6).
2.86g, 17mm
klausklage
Caracalla denarius, unofficial.JPG
Caracalla denarius, unofficial25 viewsCaracalla, AD 211-217
AR Denarius - 19mm, 4.15g
unofficial mint, c. 212 AD
laureate bust r.
ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM
Annona seated l., holding wheat ears over modius in r. hand, cornucopia in l.
P M TR P XV COS III P P
ancient imitation

"It is an ancient imitation, as style and composition show. That explains the hybrid titulature, GERM on obv. but only TR P XV on rev.

Rev. appears to be P M TR P XV COS III P P, Annona seated l., holding wheat ears over modius in r. hand, cornucopia in l. " - Curtis Clay
Ardatirion
cfouree1ORweb.jpg
Caracalla Fouree Denarius, imitation of RIC IV 81 24 viewsUnknown “mint”, Caracalla Fouree Denarius, 205(?)A.D. AE(Plated w/AR), 18mm 3.24g, imitation of RIC IV 81
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate bust right, draped
R: PONTIF TR P VIII COS II, Mars standing left, holding reversed spear & while resting right hand on shield
casata137ec
caraCAST~0.JPG
Caracalla, AE As Imitation, 203 AD46 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG PONT TR P VI
Laureate, cuirassed, draped, right
INDVLGENTIA AVG/IN CARTH/SC
Dea Caelestis on lion, right, facing, holding drum and scepter
"Cast in Gaul" imitation of RIC ROME 415c
This new specimen is an ancient cast of a mint coin, not a mint coin itself. Such lightweight casts (22 mm, 3,49 g) in brass, usually on thin round flans, are what Cohen calls "Cast in Gaul". Specimens in the BM coll. are BMC V pl. 49.3, 50.5-6, and 52.8. They are considerably commoner than the struck originals. "The obverse die of your cast is somewhat unusual, for I only know ONE original from that same die, as against a dozen or so of the casts. The original has the same rev. die too, but that rev. was also used with other obverses so is known to me in numerous specimens, e.g. BM pl. 50.3." (Courtesy of C. Clay)
whitetd49
2012-07-1511.jpg
Cast Copy of Nero As27 viewsThis is a cast copy of a Nero PACE PR TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT, Temple of janus reverse As, RIC-65, circa AD65. It was found in France, however, a similar cast imitation was found at Carnuntum (Numismata Carnuntina, imitations #28). In the right-most image you can see a casting fault. This is not a usual casting spur as it is too wide and thin and uneven. It appears to be where metal slightly flowed out of a faulty mould.otlichnik
Cast_imitation_of_Claudius_as.JPG
Cast Imitation of Claudius as, 1st century AD16 viewsCast Imitation of the 1st century
Minerva as, 27mm
bare head r.
TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG TR P IMP PP
Minerva advancing r., holding shield and brandishing spear
Sutherland Grade II

Cast in two parts, slightly separated.
Ardatirion
Cast_imitation_of_Constantinopolis_AE3.JPG
Cast Imitation of Constantinopolis AE311 viewsCast Imitation of the 3rd century
Constantinopolis type, 15mm
helmeted bust l.
no visible legend
standing figure
no visible legend
Ardatirion
Celtic_AR-Drachm_Laur-Zeus-head-right_Horse-trotting-left-circle-above-dot-with-in_Göbl-xxx_Q-001_axis-7h_14mm_1,81g-s.jpg
Celtic AR-Drachm, Eastern Celts. AR Drachm. Uncertain Tribe, 2nd-1st centuries BC. Kugelwange (Ball cheek) Type.115 viewsCeltic AR-Drachm, Eastern Celts. AR Drachm. Uncertain Tribe, 2nd-1st centuries BC. Kugelwange (Ball cheek) Type.
avers:- Imitation of the issues of Philip II of Macedonia. Laureate head of Zeus right, large pellet on cheek.
reverse:- Stylized Horse trotting left, some pellet behind the neck of the horse and pellet within ring above.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 14mm, weight: 1,81g, axis: 7h,
mint: , date: Second-first century B.C., ref: Göbl, OTA pl. 17, 207. Kostial, Lanz 95, 507.
Q-001
quadrans
Celtic_AR-Drachm_Laur-Zeus-head-right_Horse-trotting-left-circle-above-dot-with-in_Göbl-xxx_Q-002_axis-9h_13-14mm_2,41g-s.jpg
Celtic AR-Drachm, Eastern Celts. AR Drachm. Uncertain Tribe, 2nd-1st centuries BC. Kugelwange (Ball cheek) Type. #2170 viewsCeltic AR-Drachm, Eastern Celts. AR Drachm. Uncertain Tribe, 2nd-1st centuries BC. Kugelwange (Ball cheek) Type. #2
avers:- Imitation of the issues of Philip II of Macedonia. Laureate head of Zeus right, large pellet on cheek.
reverse:- Stylized Horse trotting left, some pellet behind the neck of the horse and pellet within ring above.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 13-14mm, weight: 2,41g, axis: 9h,
mint: , date: Second-first century B.C., ref: Göbl, OTA pl. 17, 207. Kostial, Lanz 95, 507.
Q-002
quadrans
Celtic_AR-Drachm_Laur-Zeus-head-right_Horse-trotting-left-circle-above-dot-with-in_Göbl-xxx_Q-022_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
Celtic AR-Drachm, Eastern Celts. AR Drachm. Uncertain Tribe, 2nd-1st centuries BC. Kugelwange (Ball cheek) Type. #371 viewsCeltic AR-Drachm, Eastern Celts. AR Drachm. Uncertain Tribe, 2nd-1st centuries BC. Kugelwange (Ball cheek) Type. #3
avers:- Imitation of the issues of Philip II of Macedonia. Laureate head of Zeus right, large pellet on cheek.
reverse:- Stylized Horse trotting left, some pellet behind the neck of the horse and pellet within ring above.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: , date: Second-first century B.C., ref: Göbl, OTA pl. 17, 207. Kostial, Lanz 95, 507.
Q-003
quadrans
Celtic_imitating_Lysimachos_SGCV_6819.jpg
Celtic imitation of Lysimachos, King of Thrace (305-281 B.C.)8 viewsFor prototype: SGCV 6819 var; SNG Copenhagen 1153-4; Müller 76.

AE unit, 2.69 g., 16.78 mm. max., 0°

Obv: Helmeted head of Athena facing left.

Rev. Bungled BAΣIΛΕΩΣ ΛΥΣΙΜΑΧΟΥ, lion springing right, spearhead below.
Stkp
Strymon4.jpg
Celtic imitation of Macedon AE 2253 viewsoverstrike

Serdi region
? (original Macedonian issue 185-168 BC)
head of rivergod Strymon right
wide trident
type: (A?)5B
imitation of: SNG Copenhagen 1298-9 var.
8,37g 22-20mm

original coin probably is:

Thessalonica
158-31 BC
head of Dionysos with ivy wreath right
goat standing right
ΘEΣΣA_ΛO / N_IK_HΣ
(NE) / ? other monograms
Sear #1466; BMC Macedonia p. 110, 10 - 16

Head of goat and one ivy-leaf under Strymon's head are slightly visible.


Imitations from Serdi region weren't used to fool Macedonian traders but as their own currency. This coin is one of overstrikes on official Macedonian coins which prooves this theory.
Johny SYSEL
Strymon5.jpg
Celtic imitation of Macedon AE 2249 viewsoverstrike

Serdi region
? (original Macedonian issue 185-168 BC)
head of rivergod Strymon right
wide trident
MAKE / ?ΔONΩN?
H countermark
type E3A
imitation of: SNG Copenhagen 1298-9 var.
6,70g 22mm

Wave on Strymon's face is relic of original coin also there is slightly visible inscription (perpendicular to trident).

original coin probably is:

Thessalonica
158-31 BC
head of Dionysos with ivy wreath right
goat standing right
ΘEΣΣA_ΛO / N_IK_HΣ
(NE) / ? other monograms
Sear #1466; BMC Macedonia p. 110, 10 - 16

Imitations from Serdi region weren't used to fool Macedonian traders but as their own currency. This coin is one of overstrikes on official Macedonian coins which prooves this theory.
Johny SYSEL
B-thasos_01.jpg
Celtic Imitation of Thasos AR Tetradrachm52 viewsObv: Wreathed head of Dionysos right.
Rev: HPAKΛEOYΣ/ ΣΩTHPOΣ/ ΘΑΣΙΩΝ - Herakles standing facing, head right, holding club and lion's skin
Weight: 16.80g
Notes: I believe this to be a Celtic imitation, rather than a Greek original, due to a slightly slightly degraded style of both the obverse and the reverse.
oa
Celtic_Tet.jpg
Celtic Tetradrachm45 viewsImitation of Philipp III of Macedon Tetradrachm
3rd - 2nd centuries BC
26 mm, 16.93 g
obv: head of Herakles wearing lion skin right
rev: ΒAΣIΛEΩΣ ΦIΛIΠΠOY; Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, two monograms in left field, Z below throne
(Lanz 899; CCCBM I 189-191)
ex Friedinger-Pranter collection
1 commentsareich
Celtic-Tetradrachm_Laur-Zeus-head-right_PHILIPOY_Horse-trotting-right-Contr_-mark-below_Göbl-_Q-012_4h_24-25,5mm_13,79ga-s.jpg
Celtic, AR-Tetradrachm, ΦΙΛΙΠ-ΠΟΥ, Horse trotting right, control mark below, #12144 viewsCeltic, AR-Tetradrachm, ΦΙΛΙΠ-ΠΟΥ, Horse trotting right, control mark below, #12
avers: - Laureate Zeus head right.
reverse:- ΦΙΛΙΠ-ΠΟΥ, Horse trotting right, control mark below, and test cutting.
exergue: , diameter: 24-25,5mm, weight: 13,79g, axes: 4h,
mint: Celtic imitation, date: , ref: ,
Q-012
quadrans
Strymon40.jpg
CELTIC, Celtic imitation - AE 22198 viewsoverstrike

Serdi region
? (original Macedonian issue 185-168 BC)
head of rivergod Strymon right
wide trident
type: (A?)5B
imitation of: SNG Copenhagen 1298-9 var.
8,37g 22-20mm

original coin probably is:

Thessalonica
158-31 BC
head of Dionysos with ivy wreath right
goat standing right
ΘEΣΣA_ΛO / N_IK_HΣ
(NE) / ? other monograms
Sear #1466; BMC Macedonia p. 110, 10 - 16

Head of goat and one ivy-leaf under Strymon's head are slightly visible.

Imitations from Serdi region weren't used to fool Macedonian traders but as their own currency. This coin is one of overstrikes on official Macedonian coins which prooves this theory.
Johny SYSEL
Strymon30.jpg
CELTIC, Celtic imitation - AE 22178 viewsoverstrike

Serdi region
? (original Macedonian issue 185-168 BC)
head of rivergod Strymon right
wide trident
MAKE / ?ΔONΩN?
type: type E3A
imitation of: SNG Copenhagen 1298-9 var.
6,70g 22mm

Wave on Strymon's face is relic of original coin also there is slightly visible inscription (perpendicular to trident).
original coin probably is:

Thessalonica
158-31 BC
head of Dionysos with ivy wreath right
goat standing right
ΘEΣΣA_ΛO / N_IK_HΣ
(NE) / ? other monograms
Sear #1466; BMC Macedonia p. 110, 10 - 16

Imitations from Serdi region weren't used to fool Macedonian traders but as their own currency. This coin is one of overstrikes on official Macedonian coins which prooves this theory.
Johny SYSEL
EF-celtic-imm.jpg
CELTIC, Celtic Imitation of Roman Republican Semis101 viewsObverse-Bust of Saturn
Reverse-Galley prow, S above, OMA below.

I think the R in the exergue may be off center. The A is about 30 degrees tilted left.
CoinScrubber
Danubian_Bassin.jpg
CELTIC, Danubian imitation of Philip III Drachm 3rd c. BC27 viewsDanube Basin imitating Philip III Drachm.
Metal: silver
Date: 3rd c. BC
Weight: 3,59 g
Size: 21 mm
Condition: EF/EF
Obv: Head of Herakles right.
Rev: Zeus seated left, holding eagle and scepter, monogram in left field, Z below throne.
Ref: BM 207

1 commentsJorge C
Danubian.jpg
CELTIC, Danubian Imitation of Philip III of Macedon 3rd-1st century BC24 viewsDanubian Imitation of Philip III of Macedon 3rd-1st century BC
AR Tetradrachm
Weight: 14,13 g
Size: 30 mm
Condition: VF/VF
Obv: Faint head of Heracles.
Rev: Zeus enthroned left.
Ref: De La Tour 9640, Ferrer 336, Sear 212
Jorge C
db_file_img_102385_544x262.jpg
CELTIC, Eastern Europe, Imitating Philip II of Macedon, c.4th-3rd century B.C. 39 viewsCelts in Eastern Europe AR Tetradrachm. Late 4th-early 3rd century BC. Imitation of Philip II of Macedon. Dachreiter Type.
Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus right.
Reverse: Horse advancing left.
Cf. Lanz 450. 12.47g, 20mm, 4h.
chance v
KMW-1468.jpg
Celtic, Eastern Europe: Imitation of Philip III of Macedon (ca. 3rd-2nd century BCE) AR Tetradrachm, Mint in the lower Danube region (OTA 579; KMW 1468)18 viewsObv: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ in semi-corrupt form; Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; two monograms in left field, Greek Z below throne
Quant.Geek
CeltMassTetrobol-Kent1.jpg
Celtic, Unknown tribe of southern Gaul(?), imitating Massalian drachm. Potentially unrecorded.30 viewsCeltic, Unknown tribe of southern Gaul(?). Circa 2nd century BC. AR Drachm, 16mm (4.42 g.), 6h. Imitating Massalia.
Obverse: Wreathed head of nymph right; her pendant earring having possibly been reinterpreted as hair(!).
Reverse: ΜΑΣΣΑ, lion walking right; diamond-shaped symbol below.
References: Cf. Triton IX, lot 666, for likely prototype.
Comments: Found in Whitfield, in Kent, England, probably in early or mid January of 2011. A very heavy, early imitation that is superior to the average work of the Insubres and/or Salluvi. Cut in antiquity for possible recycling. The bright silvery interior indicates the coin is silver through and through.
Ex solidv-x2, 1-29-2011.
Mark Fox
VA11475LG.jpg
CELTIC. Danube Region. Imitating Philip III. Circa 2nd-1st Century BC. AR Tetradrachm42 viewsCELTIC. Danube Region. Imitating Philip III. Circa 2nd-1st Century BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm - 16.44 g). Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin headdress / Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre; monograms in inner left field; I under throne. Kostial 907; CCCBM I 189; Göbl, OTA 579.9. VF, weak reverse.

ex Vauctions
areich
28175_Celts,_Danube_Region,_Imitative_of_Thasos,_1st_Century_B_C_.jpg
Celts, Danube Region, Imitative of Thasos, 1st Century B.C. Silver tetradrachm16 viewsCelts, Danube Region, Imitative of Thasos, 1st Century B.C. Silver tetradrachm, SGCV I 215, ICG F15, obverse head of Dionysos right, wreathed in ivy and grapes; reverse “ΗΡΑΚΛΕΟΥΣ ΣΟΤΗΡΟΣ ΘΑΣΙΩΝ”, Hercules, nude, standing half left, resting right on grounded club, lion's skin on left arm, HM monogram inner left; Imitates an issue of Thasos, Thrace under Roman rule, 146 - 45 B.C. This example is close to the original. Some of the Celtic imitations are so abstract that they hardly resemble the original type from Thasos. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Celtic_PhilipIII_SNG-Cop_1086_bg.jpg
Celts, Lower Danube. Imitating Philip III Arrhidaios1 viewsImitation of Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (17.14 gm) of Celts in the Lower Danube. Head of Herakles r. clad in lion skin headdress. / ΒΙΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ (sic), Zeus Aetophoros enthroned l., holding eagle and sceptre; two monograms in l. field, Ɪ below throne. Num. E32 #27; Goldberg 93 #1501. VF. Good style for issue. SNG Cop 2 #1086; HGC 3.1 #973g; Lukanc 2; Muller plate XXVIII #93 (Philip III); Price P151 (Aradus); Gobl OTA plate 44 #579.4; Dembski KMW 1468; Kostial Sammlung Lanz p. 154 #898ff; Sammlung Flesche 740; CCCBM I #192; cf. Roma Num. E32 #27; Goldberg 93 #1501.Anaximander
jade_cowry.jpg
China - Zhou Dynasty - Jade imitation cowry28 viewsZhou Dynasty
Jade imitation cowry
Holes at top and bottom, single channel carved down center
Filed reverse
Hartill –
Ardatirion
imitation.JPG
Claude II le gothique9 views???PYL
Constantiae_2.JPG
Claudius AE As Constantiae25 viewsClaudius (41 - 54 AD)

AE As imitation minted in Hispania (41 - 50 AD)

First time Constantia is depicted in a coin

Anv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP. Bust left.
Rev: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia standing front with sceptre.
RIC 68, Cohen 14.

Weight: 9.7g
Diameter: 26mm.
Jose Polanco
Libertas_2.JPG
Claudius AE As Libertas30 viewsClaudius (41 - 54 AD)

AE As imitation minted in Hispania (41 - 50 AD)

Anv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP PP Bust left
Rev: LIBERTAS AVGVSTA S-C, Libertas standing front with pileus
RIC I 97

Weight: 7.9g.
Diiameter: 26mm.
1 commentsJose Polanco
bar4s.jpg
Claudius AE Sestertius, Barbaric imitation17 viewsAncient Barbaric imitation from the Danube region
Obverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, laureate head right.
Reverse: SPES AVGVSTA, Spes standing left, holding flower and raising hem of skirt, SC in ex.
31.7 mm, 15.2 g.
NORMAN K
Claudius_Ceres_RIC_94.JPG
Claudius Ceres RIC 9424 viewsClaudius, Rome, dupondius, 41 - 54 AD, 10.7g, 26.74mm max., Van Meter 14, RIC 94, SEAR 5 1855
OBV: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP,
REV: CERES AVGVSTA S C, Ceres enthroned left, holding two corn ears and long torch

This issue was a publicity issue to assure Roman citizens of an
ample supply of grain from N Africa.

Possible contemporary imitation.
Romanorvm
Minerva_2.JPG
Claudius I AE As Minerva25 viewsClaudius (41 - 54 AD)

AE As imitation minted in Hispania (41 - 50 AD)

Anv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR IMP Bust left
Rev: S-C Minerva advancing rigth with shield and spear
RIC I 100

Weight: 13,4g.
Diameter: 25mm.
Jose Polanco
Minerva1~0.JPG
Claudius I. As Minerva. Spanish imitation3 viewsClaudius I AE As

Obv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR IMP, bare head left
Rev: S-C across field, Minerva standing right, brandishing spear and holding shield on left arm.
RIC 100, Cohen 84v, BMC 149

Imitation minted in Hispania (AD 41 - 50)

Weigth: 10.2g.
Diameter: 28mm.
Sergio Orata
Claudio_Bárbaro~0.JPG
Claudius I. As Minerva. Spanish imitation2 viewsClaudius I AE As

Obv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR IMP, bare head left
Rev: S-C across field, Minerva standing right, brandishing spear and holding shield on left arm.
RIC 100, Cohen 84v, BMC 149

Imitation minted in Hispania (AD 41 - 50)

Weigth: 6.2g.
Diameter: 23mm.
Sergio Orata
Minerva_2.JPG
Claudius I. As Minerva. Spanish imitation2 viewsClaudius I AE As

Obv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR IMP, bare head left
Rev: S-C across field, Minerva standing right, brandishing spear and holding shield on left arm.
RIC 100, Cohen 84v, BMC 149

Imitation minted in Hispania (AD 41 - 50)

Weigth: 13.4g.
Diameter: 25mm.
Sergio Orata
coins14.JPG
Claudius imitation 28 viewsClaudius Ć As. TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP P P, bare head left. / Minerva advancing right, brandishing a javelin and holding a shield, between S C.

From the uncleaned

Check
ecoli
claudius2.jpg
Claudius the 2nd contemporary imitation.11 viewsPosthumous death commemorative,eagle antoninianus.tiberiusjulius
Claudius_RIC_99.JPG
Claudius, 41 - 54 AD40 viewsObv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG (PM TRP IMP), laureate head of Claudius facing right.

Rev: SPES (AVGVSTA), Spes advancing left, holding a flower in right hand; S C in exergue.

Note: This coin was not an official issue of the Roman mint it was produced my a provincial mint most likely in Britain or Spain. During the reign of Claudius the Roman mint mainly focused on producing silver and gold coins and the lesser copper and bronze pieces were produced early on. The neglect of small denomination coinage created a serious shortage in the provinces until the locals began producing their own. Some of these local coins were legitimized and circulated freely.

Brass imitation sestertius, Provincial mint, ca. mid First Century AD

18.3 grams, 34 mm, 180°

RIC I 99, S1853, VM 13
1 commentsSPQR Coins
claudius_97_#2~0.jpg
Claudius, RIC 97, contemporary imitation22 viewsClaudius, AD 41-54
AE - As, 10.89g, 28.12mm
Gaul(?), after AD 41
obv. [TI CLAVDIV]S CAESAR AVG P[M TRP IMP]
Bare head l.
rev. [LIBERTAS AVGV]STA
Libertas, in long garment, stg. frontal, looking r., holding pileus in extended r. hand.
in j. and r. field S - C
RIC I, 97; C.47; BMC 145
F+, dark brown patina

Because of the style probably a provincial imitation from Gaul.
Jochen
libimitationORweb.jpg
Commodus Denarius, Ancient Imitation36 viewsO: M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT, laureate head right
R: PM TRP XIII IMP VIII COS V PP, Libertas standing front, head left, holding pileus & short scepter. RSC 542.
2.26g 17mm RIC 168, RSC 542, BMC 248
*Note: It is the opinion of he who knows more than me that this is an ancient imitation, so forevermore it will be known as such. ;) Chris
casata137ec
Otacilia_Severa_CONCORDIA_AVGG_os1_b.jpg
CONCORDIA AVGG17 viewsOtacilia Severa antoninianus
Rome mint style
ancient barbarian imitation
very rare
Tibsi
Ancient imitation.jpg
Constantine12 viewsAncient Imitation
This coin combines the obverse of a Constantine II coin with the reverse of a Constantine I coin. The obverse legend is CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C and the reverse legend around the VOT XX and wreath is DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG.
Tanit
7~1.jpg
Constantine I AE3 Barbarian imitation17 views∅ 19 mm; 3.06 gr
found in Hungary
pannonii
4~3.jpg
Constantine I AE3 Barbarian imitation16 views[...]ANTI AV' / VICT LAETI[...]
∅ 17.8 mm; 3.66 gr
found in Slovenia
pannonii
3~3.jpg
Constantine I AE3 Barbarian imitation20 views∅ 17.7 mm; 2.97 gr
found in Hungary
1 commentspannonii
2~4.jpg
Constantine I AE3 Barbarian imitation17 views∅ 18 mm; 2.74 gr
found in Slovenia
pannonii
1~8.jpg
Constantine I AE3 Barbarian imitation21 views∅ 18.5 mm; 2.60 gr
found in Croatia
pannonii
Constantine, barbarous AE3.JPG
Constantine I, barbarous AE324 viewsStruck imitation of Constantine I
Victoria Laetae type
4th century AD
helmeted bust r.
IIIICIIIIIIOVMOIIII
two victories with wreath
CIIII~-IIIN

Legend composed mostly of I's.
Ardatirion
constantinI_trier518_imitation.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VII, Trier 518 (imitation)11 viewsConstantine I, the Great, AD 306-337 (imitation)
AE 15, 1.59g, 15.32mm, 0°
c. 330-335
obv. CONSTANTI - NVS MAX AVG
Bust, draped and cuirassed, with rosette-diadem, r.
rev. GLOR - EXE - R CIT
2 soldiers, confronting, 2 standards between them
in ex. TRP
ref. RIC VII, Trier 518 (for the original)
VF, brown patina
Jochen
Constantine_VLPP.jpg
Constantine VLPP15 viewsBarbarous Imitation
ca 330 A.D.
17 mm, 1.79 gm
Laureate, helmeted, facing right decent style, legend is gibberish
VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP
Two Victories facing, inscribed shield over altar
Jaimelai
germanic_tribes.jpg
Constantinus I, nummus26 viewsGermanic's tribes imitation of VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP type for Constantinus I

very funny and very moving coin
2 commentsbyzancia
Contemporary-barbaric-imitation_3,09g_Q-003.jpg
Constantinus-I. (307-337) AE-3 Ancient Counterfeits and Barbarous Imitation #03155 viewsConstantinus-I. Ancient Counterfeits and Barbarous Imitation
avers:- confusing text, --VVoo- CVoV--(probably:IMP-CONSTANT_INVS-PF-AVG), Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right,
revers:- confusing text, (probably:VOTXX/MVLT/XXX/TS dot gamma dot) wreath, legend within
exergo: TS dot gamma dot ??
date: 317-318 ??
mint: Thessalonica ??
diameter: 17-18mm
weight: 3,09g
ref: probably RIC(VII,Thessalonica)-28 imitation !?
Q-003
quadrans
const_gallus_barbaric.jpg
Constantius Gallus, barbaric imitation18 viewsAE 3 (barbaric imitation), 14mm, 1.5g
struck c. AD 351-358
obv. blundered legend
bare head, r.
rev. blundered legend
Soldier spearing fallen horseman
Found in Germany

Probably used because of local shortage of currency.
Jochen
036.jpg
Constantius II16 viewsAncient imitation

[D]N COSTA[n.... ], for Co(n)stantius II, Co(n)stantinus II or Co(n)stans.
The reverse is the emperor spearing a fallen Persian horseman (Fel. temp. reparatio).
Tanit
10~0.jpg
Constantius II Barbarian imitation "AE2" - "CONCORDIA MILITVM"29 views∅ 19 mm; 1.51 grpannonii
Constantius_imitative,_after_355_AD.jpg
Constantius II imitative, after 354 AD25 viewsCast Imitation of Constantius II
Fallen horseman type
355-361 AD
DN CONZTAN-TIVZ PF AVC
pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust r.
FII THMI I-IDATIA, H in l. field
soldier spearing fallen horseman

Coin is cast in two parts
ex Forvm
Ardatirion
CounterUnk.jpg
Countermarked Coin157 viewsEmperor: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Condition: Mediocre
Denomination: Unknown

Obverse: Countermark: ||●C●V
Maybe an imitation of TI●C●A

Reverse: Unknown

5.23g; 24.5mm
Pep
Ghazi.jpg
County of Tripoli , imitation of al-Zahir Ghazi AR dirham, AH625 (1227)38 viewsCounty of Tripoli , imitation of al-Zahir Ghazi AR dirham, AH625 (1227)
obverse : al-Malik
ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻚ
al-Zahir Ghazi
الظاهر غازي
Ibn Yusuf Bin
ﺍﺑﻦ ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﺑﻦ
Ayyub
ﺍﻳﻮﺏ

reverse : al-Imam
ﺍﻻﻣﺎﻡ
al-Nasir Ahmad
ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﺣﻤﺪ
al-Malik al-'Adil
ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻝ
Abu Bakr
ﺍﺑﻮ ﺑﻜﺮ
A-836 CCS-1
Ex Stephen Album
Vladislav D
8230F123-DB7D-4C79-B827-41FBE7417337.jpeg
County of Tripoli.Raymond II AD 1137-1152 or Raymond III AD 1152-1187. AE Pougeoise .19 viewsCounty of Tripoli.Raymond II AD 1137-1152 or Raymond III AD 1152-1187. AE Pougeoise .
Possibly contemporary imitation after Type 4.
0.46g.
O : garbled CIVITAS TRIPOLI. crescent and eight pointed star.
R : cross pommettée, arrow touching annulet in each angle
Ex Alistair Lilburn collection. Ex Pavlos S. Pavlou.
Vladislav D
Cowrie.jpg
Cowrie5 viewsWestern Zhou dynasty (1046-771 BCE)

Primitive deer-bone cowrie-shell imitation.

19mm, 2.40 grammes. Hartill type #1.2.
Belisarius
662aa185combo.jpg
Cr 272/1 ? Ć Semis Anonymous9 views135-125 B.C.E Unofficial?
o: Head of Saturn right; behind, S
r: Prow right; before, S(?); below, ROMA.
6.61 gm

This coin is a bit of a puzzle. It is quite possibly the already-scarce or even rare Cr 272/1, an issue of just a Semis and a Quadrans, but it has some qualities that suggest it is a contemporary imitation. The reverse is a bit odd; the obverse not so odd. To my eye, illustrations of the official type are pretty close. Perhaps there was one feeble die among a limited number used for a stop-gap issue, as this falls within a few years where bronze is seemingly a bit scarcer than denarii.
PMah
crispus_type_celtic_imitation.jpg
Crispus type, celtic imitative15 viewsCeltic imitative of Crispus type, mid. 4th - 5th century
AE 3, 1.75g, max. diameter 18.1mm, 315°
tribal mint
obv. laureate bust left, illiterate blundered imitation of a legend
rev. blundered VOT X within wreath, illiterate blundered limitation of a legend around
ref. for prototypes see RIC VII p. 379 ff. (official Roman, Ticinum mint, c. 320 - 325 A.D.)
VF
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

This type was minted by and used as currency in by tribes outside the Roman empire in Thrace. It copied a Roman votive type issued under Constantine the Great. While the obverse is somewhat more similar to the Roman prototype, the reverse inscriptions are made up of only illiterate imitations of letters (FAC).
1 commentsJochen
crispus_imit.jpg
Crispus, Nummus22 viewsImitation of VIRTVS EXERC type for Crispus

1,94gr - 17mm

byzancia
abm_cut_salonina.jpg
Cut salonina antoninianus18 viewsA Salonina antoninianus cut neatly in half, almost certainly to furnish a blank for the production of irregular radiates. It is possible that the coin was cut to serve as two half units but most likely it would have been cut again to make two of the very angular radiate imitations. Such chopped-up radiates being reused to make coins are attested from, for example, the White Woman's Hole site.
Length 19mm, weight 1.44g.
Adrianus
Celts_Danube_GöblOTA204.jpg
Danubian Celts15 viewsCelts, Danubian, Hungarian. 2nd-1st c. BC. AR Drachm (1.92 gm). Kugelwange type of Pannonia (Syrmia?) in imitation of Philip II. Laureate and bearded head of Zeus r. / Celticized prancing horse l., pellet in anulet above and pellet below tail. Mane of dots. gVF. Bt. Coral Gables 1999. Kostial Lanz 506-509; CCCBM I S134; KMW 1122; Göbl OTA pl 17 204-205.2.Christian T
DanubeCelts_Kapostal_Lanz653v.jpg
Danubian Celts16 viewsCelts, Danubian, Hungarian Plains. 2nd-1st c. BC. AR Didrachm (5.61 gm). Imitation of Philip II of uncertain tribe in Transylvania. Devolved head of Zeus r., cheek piece resembling four-spoked wheel / Disjointed horse with slight remains of rider, l. Horse head of Saddlehead type. VF. Bt. Gables Coin, 1999. Göbl OTA 300/15-6 var. (symbols on rev.); Kostial Lanz 653 var. (same); CCCBM I 46 var. (same); KMW-.Christian T
JohnIIOrsini_Imitation(1).jpg
Despotate of Epirus: Bulgarian Imitation of John II Orsini (1323-1335) Ć Denier Tournois, Arta (Seltman Type G)12 viewsObv: +IOIƧ DEƧ[...] or similar; Cross pattée
Rev: DE ƧΛ C[Λ]ƧT[...] or similar; Castle tournois with three pellets to the left and one pellet to the right of castle

See Late Deniers Tournois of Frankish Greece by A. J. Seltman
Quant.Geek
JohnIIOrsini_Imitation(2).jpg
Despotate of Epirus: Bulgarian Imitation of John II Orsini (1323-1335) Ć Denier Tournois, Arta (Seltman Type G)4 viewsObv: +I[...]ЄSPOTIVS or similar; Cross pattée
Rev: [...]ΛTΛ CΛSTIV or similar; Castle tournois

See Late Deniers Tournois of Frankish Greece by A. J. Seltman
Quant.Geek
Claud.PNG
DIVUS CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS (Died 270). Antoninianus Imitation9 viewsObv: DIVO CLAVDIO. Radiate head right.
Rev: CONSECRATIO. Altar.
15mm and 1.74 grams.
Canaan
divoclaudio.jpg
Divus Claudius, Consecratio, Altar (Imitation)9 viewsHispanic of Gallic illegal mint, ~274-~285. 1.96 g.

Obverse: DIVO CLAVDIO Radiate bust of Claudius.

Reverse: CONSECRATIO Altar with flame.
Manuel
consecratio.jpg
Divus Claudius, Consecratio, Eagle (Imitation)10 viewsHispanic of Gallic illegal mint, ~274-~285. 16 mm, 1.58 g, 180ş.

Obverse: DIVO CLAVDIO Radiate bust of Claudius.

Reverse: CONSECRATIO Eagle.

The style is remarkably accurate for a "barbarous" imitation, with legible letters and detailed figures; the small size and weight, however, gave it away. This type is often described as a Hispanic imitation, though they were more likely produced in Gaul. Study of local hoard finds indicates they were introduced in Spain during Aurelian's time and remained in circulation until the end of Probus' reign.
Manuel
domimitOR.jpg
Domitian Denarius (probable fouree, plating is intact)23 viewsDomitian Denarius (probable fouree, plating is intact) 88-89 AD. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM TR P VIII, laureate head right / IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS P P P, Minerva standing left with thunderbolt, scepter and sheild at feet. RSC 251.
Per C. Clay: Since the titles don't fit, I think it's probably an ancient imitation.
When D. became TR P X on 13 Sept. 90, he had already been COS XV for 9 1/2 months, since 1 Jan. 90, and he had been IMP XXI since some time before then, in the course of 89. So it's unlikely that an old die calling him COS XIIII and IMP XIX was still lying around the mint for possible mistaken reuse!
casata137ec
Domitian,_ancient_imitation.jpg
Domitian, ancient imitation53 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Unofficial Mint. (3.19g, 19.9m, 6h). Obv: IMP . . . DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P IIII, laureate head right. Rev: TR P? . . . CENS PPP, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to right owl. (M2). Ex Warren Esty.

An ancient imitation, made of good silver, but at an illegal mint. The portrait and inept rendering of one of Domitian’s common Minerva reverses immediately gives this example away.
Lucas H
Domitian_Cast_Limes_Denarius.jpg
Domitian, Cast Limes Denarius91 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AE Cast Limes Denarius. Uncertain Mint (2.54g, 20.5m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V, laureate head right. Rev: IMP VIII COS XI CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to right owl. (M2). Copies RIC 343. Ex Warren Esty.

There is a large degree of uncertainty about so called, limes denarii, found primarily on the frontiers of the empire. They might have been official products made in areas where silver was in short supply, or, they could be unofficial productions, and/or barbarous imitations. Whatever their role, I find them fascination. While many were struck, some, like this example, were actually cast. Some have evidence of a silver wash, but this specimen does not. Limes denarii remain an enigma, and that was a large part of the appeal of this coin for me.
1 commentsLucas H
DOMITIAN-1-ROMAN.jpg
Domitian, RIC II-050 Fourre12 viewsFourre
18mm, 2.19g
RIC II-50 imitation

Obverse:
CAESAR DIVI F DOMITIANVS COS VII
Laureate head right

Reverse:
PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS
Altar garlanded and lighted.
rubadub
Celtic_AR-Tetradrachm_Laur-Zeus-head-right_Horse-trotting-left-_Göbl_OTA_300-14_Q-001_22mm_5,46g-s.jpg
EAST CELTS, AR-Tetradrachm, Sattelkopfpferd type. Imitation of Philip II of Macedon. 71 viewsEAST CELTS, AR-Tetradrachm, Sattelkopfpferd type. Imitation of Philip II of Macedon.
avers:- Stilyzed Laureate head of Zeus right.
reverse:- Stilyzed horseman riding left.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 5,46g, axis: 6h,
mint: EAST CELTS. Sattelkopfpferd type. Imitation of Philip II of Macedon. Tetradrachm., date: B.C., ref: Göbl OTA 300/14, Lanz 649, Castelin 1317 / Pink 304
Q-001
quadrans
db_file_img_186468_478x230.jpg
Easter Europe. Roman or Celtic Imitative of Thasos off Thrace. (Circa late 2nd to 1st Centuries BC)42 viewsTetradrachm

33 mm, 16.76 g

Obverse: Stylized wreathed head of Dionysos right

Reverse: Stylized Heracles standing facing, head left, holding club, with lion skin draped over arm; M in inner left field. Legend is ΗΡΑΚΛΕΟYΣ / ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ / ΘΑΣΙΩΝ (Of Herakles, Savior of the Thasians)

Göbl OTA Class III; cf. HGC 6, 359 (for prototype)

Thasos issued huge numbers of tetradrachms with the garlanded head of Dionysus, which circulated as international means of payment mainly beyond the island, from the Balkans to Dacia, today's Hungary. Along with the young god of wine the Thasian tetradrachms depicted the hero Heracles, leaning naked on his club, a lion's skin over his left arm. It was the skin of the Nemean lion, a powerful creature of Greek mythology that Heracles had killed. The hero then tailored a cloak from the lion's skin that made him almost invulnerable.

The Dionysos / Herakles type was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After Rome took control of the area, `Thasian` types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in Macedonia but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns to make local payments. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly Celtic or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.
Nathan P
odessos_horseman.jpg
Eastern Celtic imitation of; Thrace, Odessos. Horseman; AE 2039 viewsEastern Celtic imitation of; Thrace, Odessos. Late 3rd century B.C. Ć 20mm, 7.4g. Laureate head of Zeus right / Horseman wearing kausia riding right; ΟΔΗΣΙΤΩΝ, EL monogram below horse. AMNG I 2207; SNG BM Black Sea 290 var.; SNG Stancomb 265. Podiceps
Alexander_III_Thracian_imitation.jpg
Eastern Celts Imitating Alexander III30 viewsEastern Celts
Imitating Alexander III
AR drachm, 1st cent BC
Stylized bust r.
Stylized Zeus seated l.
Kostial 947
Ardatirion
Screenshot_2019-03-16_12_49_49.png
Eastern Celts, Imitation of a Alexander III AR Drachm.6 viewsUncertain Mint 310-275 B.C. 2.35g - 16.3mm, Axis 2h.
Obv: Celticized head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin.
Rev: Celticized Zeus seated left on throne, holding sceptre and eagle. Control: monogram in left field.
Lanz 943.
Christian Scarlioli
Screenshot_2019-01-09_14_56_59.png
Eastern Celts, Imitation of a Alexander III AR Drachm.7 viewsUncertain Mint 1st Century B.C. 3.65g - 17.6mm, 12h.
Obv:Celticized head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin.
Rev: ΔΙΘ - Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding eagle and sceptre; crayfish below.
Cf. OTA 57.
Christian Scarlioli
geto_dacian_k.jpg
EASTERN EUROPE, Imitations of Roman Republican. Geto-Dacians.10 viewsAR Denarius, 20mm, 3.7g, 12h.
Imitating obverse of L. Caecilius Metellus, reverse of T. Claudius Nero. After 79 BC.
Obv.: Stylized helmeted head of Roma right, M(?) behind.
Rev.: Victory driving galloping biga left, pseudo-legends above and below exergue line.
Reference: Davis Class A, Group II
John Anthony
279144_l.jpg
Eastern Europe. Imitation of Philip II of Macedon (Circa 200-0 BC)116 viewsTetradrachm (Kugelwange or "ball cheek" type)

20 mm, 11.46 g

Obverse: Stylized laureate head of Zeus right

Reverse: Stylized horse prancing left, pellet-in-annulet above, pelleted cross below.

Lanz 468-9; OTA 193/9.

Around the end of the 3rd century B.C., the Celtic Scordisci tribe started issuing their own local coinages imitating the types of Philip II of Macedon. These coinages had a limited volume of production and a restricted area of circulation, so their finds are not numerous and occur mostly in their own territory and in the neighboring territories of other Celtic or Celticized tribes. The Scordisci were originally formed after the Celtic invasion of Macedonia and Northern Greece (280-279 BC) which culminated in a great victory against the Greeks at Thermopylae and the sacking of Delphi, the center of the Greek world. The Celts then retreated back to the north of the Balkans (suffering many casualties along the way) and settled on the mouth of the Sava River calling themselves the Scordisci after the nearby Scordus (now Sar) mountains. The Scordisci, since they dominated the important Sava valley, the only route to Italy, in the second half of the 3rd century BC, gradually became the most powerful tribe in the central Balkans.

From 141 BC, the Scordisci were constantly involved in battles against Roman held Macedonia. They were defeated in 135 BC by Cosconius in Thrace. In 118 BC, according to a memorial stone discovered near Thessalonica, Sextus Pompeius, probably the grandfather of the triumvir, was slain fighting against them near Stobi. In 114 BC, they surprised and destroyed the army of Gaius Porcius Cato in the western mountains of Serbia, but were defeated by Minucius Rufus in 107 BC.

From time to time they still gave trouble to the Roman governors of Macedonia, whose territory they invaded, even advancing as far as Delphi for a second time and once again plundering the temple; but Lucius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus finally overcame them in 88 BC and drove them back across the Danube. After this, the power of the Scordisci declined rapidly. This decline was more a result of the political situation in their surrounding territories rather than the effects of Roman campaigns, as their client tribes, especially the Pannonians, became more powerful and politically independent. Between 56 and 50 BC, the Scordisci were defeated by Burebista's Dacians (a Thracian king of the Getae and Dacian tribes), and became subject to him.
5 commentsNathan P
Eq7d9MkGsBD5Nf6p8bzWSPn2g4DW3Q_(3).jpg
EASTERN EUROPE. Imitations of Philip II of Macedon (2nd-1st centuries BC). Tetradrachm.10 viewsObv: Laureate head of Zeus right.
Rev: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ.
Youth riding horse right, holding palm frond. Controls: Below horse, Λ above torch.
Lanz 364-5; cf. OTA 18.
Weight: 13.95 g.
Diameter: 26 mm.
Antonivs Protti
Eq7d9MkGsBD5Nf6p8bzWSPn2g4DW3Q_(2).jpg
EASTERN EUROPE. Imitations of Philip II of Macedon (2nd-1st centuries BC). Tetradrachm.7 viewsObv: Laureate head of Zeus right.
Rev: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ.
Youth riding horse right, holding palm frond. Controls: Below horse, Λ above torch.
Lanz 364-5; cf. OTA 18.
Weight: 13.95 g.
Diameter: 26 mm.
Antonivs Protti
Smirnova-400.jpg
Eastern Sogdiana, Ikhshids of Samarqand: Imitation of Gurak (710-738) AE Cash (Smirnova-400)27 viewsThere coins are classified differently between Smirnova and Akhunbabaev. Smirnova indicates that these are imitation coins of Gurak and hence read the inscription as "wr`kk MLK". However, Akhunbabaev attributed these coins to Divashtish, ruler of Penjikent. In this case, the inscription is read as "prykk MLK" which indicates Afrig Ikhshid. The tamgha is the same as Tukaspadak's and Tarkhun's and differing from the tamgha of Gurak.SpongeBob
EB0002_scaled.JPG
EB0002 Celtic Face / Horse24 viewsCeltic billon stater , 58-56 BC
Obverse: Head right.
Reverse: Horse and rider right.
Weight: 6.36 g
Notes (courtesy of Yurii P):
This seems to be class II stater of Unelli (group N of series Z in John Hooker's classification) -- imitation of Coriosolite staters by a neighboring Armorica tribe. Just like other billon staters of this type it was probably minted c. 58-56 BC, before or during Viridovix stand off with Roman invaders of Julius Caesar. http://www.writer2001.com/exp0012.htm
1 commentsEB
EB0798b_scaled.JPG
EB0798 Constans / Wreath10 viewsConstans, Irregular mint (barbaric imitation), AE 4, 337-350 AD.
Obverse: [D N] CONSTA-NS [P F AVG], pearl-diademed head only right.
Reverse: VOT XX MULT XXX in wreath. Irregular mint.
References:-.
Diameter: 14mm, Weight: 1.91g.
1 commentsEB
GRK_Euboia_Histiaia_tetrobol.JPG
Euboia, Hisiaia.12 viewsSear 2496, BCD Euboia 378-424, BMC 24 ff.

AR tetrobol, 12-13 mm, 3rd-2nd centuries B.C.

Obv: Wreathed head of nymph Histiaia with her hair rolled facing right.

Rev: ΙΣΤ--AIEΩN; nymph Histiaia seated right on stern of galley, wing on side of galley,control symbol(s), if any, below (off flan).

Histiaia, named after its patron nymph, commanded a strategic position overlooking the narrows leading to the North Euboian Gulf. In the Illiad, Homer describes the surrounding plain as “rich in vines.” In 480 B.C. the city was overrun by the Persians. After the Persian Wars it became a member of the Delian Confederacy. In 446 the Euboians revolted, seized an Athenian ship and murdered its crew. They were promptly reduced by Athens. Perikles exiled the population to Macedonia and replaced them with Athenians. The exiled population probably returned at the end of the Peloponnesian War in 404; thereafter they seem to have been largely under the control of Sparta until they joined the Second Athenian Confederacy in 376-375. The city appears to have become a member (for the first time) of the reconstituted league of Euboian cities in 340, but its allegiance during most of the 4th century seems to have vacillated between Athens and Macedonia. It was pro-Macedonian during the 3rd century, for which it was attacked in 208 and captured in 199 by a Roman-Pergamene force. The Roman garrison was removed in 194. To judge from the wide distribution of its coinage, Histiaia continued to prosper. Little is known of its later history, but finds at the site indicate it continued to be inhabited in Roman, Byzantine, and later times. (per NumisWiki)

The date of this extensive coinage is difficult to determine and is the subject of controversy. The bulk of it would appear to belong to the latter part of the third century B.C., and it may have commenced with the cessation of silver issues for the Euboian League circa 267 B.C. There are numerous imitations, of poor style and rough execution, which would seem to have been produced in Macedon just prior to the Roman victory over Perseus in 168 B.C. (per Sear)

Ref: Numismatik Lanz. Münzen von Euboia: Sammlung BCD. Auction 111 (November 25, 2002). Munich.
Stkp
FELICITAS_PUBLICA.jpg
FELICITAS PVBLICA13 viewsobv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG laurate, draped and cuirassed bust of gordian right seen from behind
rev: FELICITAS PVBLICA Felicitas standing left holding caduceus in right hand and left arm leaning on column

RIC 128
C 79

refered R by RIC but seems more likely R4-5

RIC note than Kolb's specimen quoted by Cohen is probably a fake

Advices about this specimen are also different (ancient imitation, fake, billon with high part of copper)

Does somebody have any picture of Kolb's specimen?

leseullunique
Gordianus_FIDES_MILITVM_go4_b.jpg
FIDES MILITVM29 viewsGordianus III. antoninianus
Antochia mint
ancient barbarian imitation
very rare
Tibsi
Arab-Byzantine_Cyprus_imitation.jpg
Follis (Fals)28 viewsPseudo-Byzantine Syrian Arabic, imitating the Cypriot folles of Heraclius (Sear 849); weight 3.99g, diameter 25x20mm.

Obverse: No legend. Three standing crowned imperial figures, each holding long cross in right hand.

Reverse: Large M, cross above, Γ below; to left, garbled, perhaps [?] | retrograde-N | I I I | A; to right, illegible symbols; in exergue, possibly C[ΠΡ].

Official folles from the Cyprus mint were struck during the years 626/9 (= regnal years 17 to 19) and were introduced into the Levant following the Byzantine reoccupation of Syria from the Persians in 629. These imitatives were among the first coins struck after the Arab conquest in 636, and production may have continued into the mid-640s. On this specimen it seems that the central imperial figure has the long beard and moustache portrait type, which was only introduced in Heraclius’ regnal year 20, cf. DOC II(1) Heraclius 184a.3

Reference: Foss pp. 22 – 24
Abu Galyon
942_P_hadrian_Fouree_immitation_RIC129.jpg
Fouree Hadrian Denarius imitation 119-22 AD Hadrian seated left on platform17 viewsReference.
cf Strack 70; cf RIC II 129, cf RSC II 908, cf BMCRE III 291

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANV(S) AVG (COS III P P) (sic)
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder, seen from front

Rev. P M TR P COS III / LIBERA(P) AVG/ III in exergue (sic)
Hadrian seated left on platform, making distribution to citizen standing right.

2.13 gr
18 mm
6h
okidoki
146Hadrian__RIC_plated.jpg
Fouree Hadrian Denarius imitation 134-38 AD Hadrian standing veiled24 viewsReference.
cf RIC 290

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Bare head right

Rev. VOTA PVBLICA
Hadrian standing left sacrificing with a petera over an altar.

2.24 gr
18.5 mm
12h

lot 150 live auction 8 2014
Naville Numismatics Ltd.
okidoki
FF_Valence_Bishops_PDA_4690_2.JPG
France (Feudal): Valence (Bishops of Valence and Die), 12th – 13th Century38 viewsPoey d’Avant 4690, Roberts 4782 var., Boudeau 1021, Belaubre 965

AR denier, 18 mm.

Obv: + VRBS VALENTIAI, angel with spread wings, resembling an eagle, facing.

Rev: + S APOLLINARS, cross with annulet in second quarter.

In 1275 the bishoprics of Valence and Die were merged. The reverse legend refers to St. Apollinaris, who is the patron saint of the cathedral in Valence.

Valence deniers are found in significant quantities in coin hoards from the Crusader possessions in the east. For this reason, the emission is also catalogued as Metcalf (Crusades & Latin East), 39-40, Metcalf Group Di. It is possible that some of the cruder varieties, such as this, are in fact eastern imitations of the French issue.
Stkp
037~1.JPG
France - Gévaudan - Banassac - Monétaire Elafius (620-640)9 viewsImitation d'un triens, or et argent, 1,20 g
A/ Tęte diadémée ŕ droite ; tranche de cou perlée, rameau ŕ trois baies renversé devant.
R/ ELAFIVS MONETAT ; calice ŕ deux anses sur un trait perlé.
Type tardif trčs dégénéré.
Réfs : Mirmand 2006, n°201
Gabalor
039.JPG
France - Gévaudan - Banassac - Série Sigebertine ŕ la tęte 620/64013 viewsImitation d'un triens, cuivre doré, 0,69 g
A/ Tęte diadémée ŕ droite ; diadčme perlé ; tranche de cou perlée, croix devant, point entre parenthčse dessous.
R/ GAVALETANO ; calice ŕ deux anses sur un trait perlé, BAN dessous.
Réfs : Mirmand 2006, n°202
Gabalor
041.JPG
France - Gévaudan - Banassac - Série Sigebertine ŕ la tęte 620/64011 viewsImitation d'un triens, cuivre doré, 0,69 g
A/ Tęte diadémée ŕ droite, diadčme perlé, croix devant.
R/ GAVALETANO, calice ŕ deux anses sur un trait perlé, BAN ou BAH dessous.
Réfs : Mirmand 2006, type 202 var.
Gabalor
043.JPG
France - Gévaudan - Banassac - Série Sigebertine ŕ la tęte 620/6409 viewsImitation d'un triens, cuivre doré, 0,63 g
A/ Tęte diadémée ŕ droite, croix devant.
R/ G...NO (GAVALETANO), calice ŕ deux anses sur un trait perlé, BAN dessous.
Réfs : Mirmand 2006, type 199.
Gabalor
045.JPG
France - Gévaudan - Banassac - Série Sigebertine ŕ la tęte 620/6409 viewsImitation d'un triens, cuivre, 0,77 g
A/ Tęte diadémée ŕ droite, rameau ŕ quatre branches devant.
R/ VVALETANO, calice dégénéré ŕ deux anses sur un trait, IAH dessous.
Réfs : Mirmand 2006, n° 200
Gabalor
047.JPG
France - Gévaudan - Banassac - Série Sigebertine ŕ la tęte 620/64010 viewsImitation d'un triens, bronze, 0,55 g.
A/ Tęte diadémée ŕ droite, croix devant, point entre parenthčsesdessous.
R/ GAV...ANO (GAVALETANO), calice ŕ deux anses sur un trait vertical, BAN dessous.
Réfs : Mirmand 2006, n° 202
Gabalor
078~1.JPG
France - Gévaudan - Banassac - Série Sigebertine ŕ la tęte 620/6409 viewsImitation d'un triens, or fourré, 0,44 g, 10 mm.
Av./ Tęte ŕ droite, rameau ŕ trois baie devant.
Rv./ Calice pointé, GAVALETANO, BAN en exergue.
Réfs : Belfort 744, 745, 746 et 747 ; Mirmand 154, 155, 156 et 157. (pour le vrai type).
Gabalor
FRANCE,_Provincial__Valence__Anonymous_Bishops__12th_century__AR_Denier,_S_APOLLINARIS,_VRBS_VALENTIAI,_Metcalf_LE_39,_Q-001_h,_17mm,_0,95g-s.jpg
French, Provincial, Valence, Anonymous Bishop, 12th century, AR Denier, Metcalf LE 39, #1123 viewsFrench, Provincial, Valence, Anonymous Bishop, 12th century, AR Denier, Metcalf LE 39, #1
avers: ✠S APOLLINARIS, Cross with annulet.
reverse: ✠VRBS VALENTIAI, Angel with spread wings, resembling an eagle.
diameter: 17,0mm, weight: 0,951g, axis: h,
mint: French, Provincial, Valence, Anonymous Bishop, mint mark: -,
date: 12th. Century, A.D., ref: Metcalf (Di) LE 39, Poey d'Avant 4690,
Q-001
Note:
Valence deniers are found in significant quantities in coin hoards from the Crusader possessions in the east. It is possible that some of the cruder varieties, such as Metcalf’s Group D are in fact eastern imitations of the French issue.
1 commentsquadrans
salvs com.JPG
Gallic Empire Imitation of Tetricus I 27 viewsAncient imitation of tetricus I
AE 14-16 mm 1.8 grams 270-273 A.D.

Johnny
ID0177_0178_Merged.jpg
Gallienus - Antelope/Gazelle Imitations23 viewsObverse:- GALLIENVSAVG, Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- IANACONSER??TRI Antelope/Gazelle Right
Exergue:- blank

Two examples of imitations which I believe are contemporary, both coins are noticeably lighter in weight and seem to be created with the same pair of dies. The position of the antelope in relation to the bust is slightly different for both coins.
nogoodnicksleft
0172_Merged.jpg
Gallienus - Centaur Left 20 viewsObverse:- GALLIENVSAVG, Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- APOLLIN[ICONS]AVG, Centaur facing left with globe & rudder
Exergue:- H
RIC 164 GOBL 738b(2) CUNETIO 1386 CMR 1a8(B)

Much less common variation with both fore feet on the ground. Note there are no examples with the fore feet on the ground shown in Gobl, presumably an oversight, since the variation was known before being published in the Cunetio. I've added the (2) to the Gobl reference number in imitation of the classification of the same difference in the right facing Centaurs i.e. 735b(1) & 735b(2)
nogoodnicksleft
ID0190_Merged.jpg
Gallienus - Centaur Left19 viewsObverse:- GALLIEN[VSAVG], Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- APOLLIN[ICONSAVG], Centaur facing left with globe & rudder
Exergue:- H
RIC 164 GOBL 738b(2) CUNETIO 1386 CMR 1a8(B)

Another example of the less common variation with both fore feet on the ground. Again I've added the (2) to the Gobl reference number in imitation of the classification of the same difference that occur in the right facing Centaurs i.e. 735b(1) & 735b(2)
nogoodnicksleft
0171_Merged.jpg
Gallienus - Gazelle XII Left14 viewsObverse:- GALLIENVSAV[G], Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- DIANAE[CONSAV]G, Gazelle Left
Exergue:- IIX
RIC ???? GOBL ???? CUNETIO ????

An interesting piece with a Officina mint mark error. The style of the gazelle could make it possibly a contemporary imitation. The X is a particularly interesting shape looking more like a cross rather than X, maybe simply an unintentional coincidence or perhaps we could tentatively speculate that it was deliberate act by an early Christian die maker?. Different dies to the ZF57 example in Gobl, and to the coin in Helveticas collection (referenced in Gallienus RIC list).
nogoodnicksleft
Demo-80.jpg
Gepids: Uncertain King (454-552) AR Quarter Siliqua, Sirmium (MEC-1; Demo-80; Stefan-2; COI, p. 43, Fig. 22; Gennari-111b)14 viewsObv: D N VƧ(M over W)VISTΛIWS P P Λ[VC], pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Rev: (star) IИMVIT + IROИVΛ, Theoderic monogram

Imitation of a Ravenna mint Quarter Siliqua of Theoderic in the name of Justinian I

Quant.Geek
Gordien_PROVIDENTIA_PIVS.jpg
Gordian III Imitation Providentia Hybrid43 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
PROVIDENTIA AVG

RIC 227 ("Hybrids") (S)

Weight : 3,85gr

Obverse of the issue 3C-5, reverse of the issue I.

The represtentation of PROVIDENTIA is a representation of the first issue.
The style is very good, quite official.

Withe good silvering, this coin was very hard to détect as an imitation.
1 commentsChut
rjb_shield13.jpg
Gorgon11 viewsGallienus
Contemporary plated imitation
mauseus
Ancient_Counterfeits_Trajan_Gothic-barbarian_imitation.jpg
Gothic-barbarian imitation34 viewsObv: laur. r.
Rev: Aequitas (?)
illiterate

2.08g, 19mm

bought on eBay 2015 for ~ 50 €
turned out to be fake when identical coin appeared in an auction
klausklage
Fake_-_Gothic-barbarian_imitation,_Aequitas.jpg
Gothic-barbarian imitation, Aequitas38 viewsObv: Blundered legend, Head laur. r.
Rv: Blundered legend, Aequitas (?)

17mm, 2.37
Currently on sale in an auction, starting price at 30 €.
2 commentsklausklage
alexclet.JPG
GREEK, Alexander III the Great - Celtic imitation 106 viewsAlexander III the Great - King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C.Celtic Gaul or Britain Barbarous AR Drachm
Dimensions: 18 mm Weight: 4 grams

Struck - 336-250 B.C. Obv./ Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin headdress.Rev./ AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus seated left, holding eagle and scepter, monogram in left field and under chair.
Struck during the lifetime of Alexander the Great and beyond circa 336-250 B.C. by the Celts of Gaul or Britain for trade with the Greeks.
superflex
arabia2008.jpg
Greek, Alexander the great arabian imitation coin - unlisted306 viewsTetradrachm
16.74gm, 30mm
This coin was found near Petra but the style for this coin from Molieha ( south arabian )

Molieha mint
head of Heracles right, wearing lion's skin, rev. ALEXANDROU, Zeus enthroned left, holding sceptre right eagle left

Not listed in ( D.T.POTTS ) the pre -islamic coinage of Eastern arabia also not listed in the supplement of this reference
1 commentsromancoins-lover
bpGS1H5Attica.jpg
GREEK, Athens, AR Tetradrachm, Barbarous Imitation106 viewsTetradrachm, 16.8 gm, 20 mm, 350-300 BC
Obv: Anepigraphic with head of Athena wearing crested helmet.
Rev: Owl standing right, head facing, (ΑΘΕ) to right; olive twig and crescent moon to left.
ex-Berk
Massanutten
759_strumon_ges.jpg
GREEK, Barbrous imitation of Macedonian Kingdom, Autonomous Issue AE (4,4g). Issued under Philip V and Perseus, 185-168 BC.58 viewsObv: Head of river god Strumon with radiate crown horn at forehead
Rev: [MAKE-DONWN], decorated trident, monograms at base.

Natural green patina. The coin is double struck.

Franz-Josef M
philip_ii.jpg
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Philip II, AR Tetradrachm, 315-295 BC (Possibly Barbarous)49 viewsKINGDOM OF MACEDONIA. Philip II (359-336 BC). Tetradrachm. Amphipolis. Approx. 315-295 BC
Obv: Head of Zeus with laurel wreath right.
Rev: Naked young man with palm leaf on horseback riding right, in the field under the horse thunderbolt on Η and dolphin.
Le Rider pl 48/4. 13.26g 25mm. Pecunem 13 lot 24

CNG 209 lot 59 and cng coin shop 765853 (which are the same type Le Rider 48/4) make this observation: These late issues attributed to Amphipolis may actually be the earliest Celtic imitations of Philip II's tetradrachms. They exhibit a more formalized style, and Philip's name is sometimes, as on this particular issue, broken after the second instead of the first.
CNG 320 lot 232 is also a good match to this coin. EASTERN EUROPE, Imitations of Philip II of Macedon. 3rd century BC. AR Tetradrachm OTA Type 10; Lanz –; CCCBM I S1 var. (symbol under foreleg); KMW 1015.
chance v
Sogdiana,_Imitative_Antiochos_I__AR_drachm_.jpg
Greek, Sogdiana, Imitative Antiochos I Soter, 281-261 BC, AR Drachm 106 viewsLaureate head of Antiochos right.
Retrograde legend ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANT[I]OXOY curving from left to below and before a bridled horned horse head right, circled Δ to far right.
SC 461-462 (var. – controls); HGC 9, 136 (var. - controls) (R3).
Sogidana, uncertain mint, mid-third century BC.
A unique and unrecorded variant of SC 461-462.
(17 mm, 2.86 g, 6h)
ex- William K. Raymond Collection

The crude style, the retrograde semi-circular legend, the disposition of the mint control and the low weight of this coin are indicative of a Sogdian imitation of the Antiochos I drachm type that was issued by the mint at Ai Khanoum in Baktria during the period 281-261 BC. Unlike the imitative coin the official issue was struck on the Attic weight standard of 4.3 grams. The style of this coin and the full replication of the Ai Khanoum mint control place it early in the Sogdian imitative series, possibly contemporaneous with the lifetime Antiochos I issue that it imitates. Marcanda/Samarkand and Bukhara are likely candidates for the origin of this coin.
Lloyd T
GAE404_O.jpg
Greek, Zeus, Syracusan Imitation Ptolemaic Diobol of Hieron II ca. 265BC216 viewsPtolemy II Philadelphos - Syracuse Issue of Hieron II - Diobol - 285/246BC
AE 26.9-28.4mm : 14.736gm : 2h
OBV - Laureate Zeus facing right
REV - Eagle standing on thunderbolt facing left, wing open, head facing left, no leg monogram, shield in left field, N control letter behind eagle tail at right. BASILEOS right, PTOLEMAIOY left
REF - Svoronos 619
NOTE - This type actually struck in Syracuse by Hieron II ca. 265BC. New research just published on this subject (2007). The paper that presents this new attribution is available online at www.ptolemybronze.com.
1 commentsPtolemAE
20171108_113836.jpg
Heraclius, with Martina and Heraclius Constantine. 610-641. Ć Follis13 viewsContemporary imitation of a Constantinople mint issue dated RY 8 (618/9), 4th “officina”.
Obv. Heraclius, in center, flanked by Martina, on left, and Heraclius Constantine, on right, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger;
Rev. Large M; cross above, A/N/N/O u across field; Δ//CON.
References: Cf. DOC 89-91; cf. MIB 161; cf. SB 806.
25mm, 9.25 grams
Canaan
20171108_113820.jpg
Heraclius, with Martina and Heraclius Constantine. 610-641. Ć Follis12 viewsContemporary imitation of a Constantinople mint issue dated RY 10 (620/1), 4th “officina”.
Obv. Heraclius, in center, flanked by Martina, on left, and Heraclius Constantine, on right, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger;
Rev. Large M; cross above, A/N/N/O X across field; Δ//CON.
References: Cf. DOC 89-91; cf. MIB 161; cf. SB 806.
23mm, 5.23 grams
Canaan
herm.jpg
Hermaios (90-70 B.C.)45 viewsIndo-Greek Kingdom
Imitation
AR Drachm
O: BASILEUS SUTHPOS EPMAIOY; Draped and diademed bust of Hermaios right. 
R: 'Maharaja Tratarasa Hermayasa' in Kharosthi script; Zeus enthroned left and holding sceptre, Monogram in left field.
2g
17mm
Bopearachchi Series 15C, 91; Senior issue 36
3 commentsMat
AAGWb_small.png
Hermaios AE tetradrachm (imitation?)19 viewsHermaios. c. 90 - 70 BC.

25mm., 9.17g.

Bare-headed, diademed bust of king right, Greek legend around: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ EPMAIOY (Basileos Soteros Hermaiou ... of King Hermaios, the Saviour)

Zeus enthroned three-quarters left, holding sceptre in left hand and bestowing blessing with right hand, Kharoshthi legend around: maharajasa tratarasa / heramayasa

References:

AAGW
RL
Histiaea.jpg
Histiaia imitative - AR tetrobol40 viewsMacedonia - Roman military mint
c. 168 BC
head of Histiaia with wine-wreath
nymph Histiaia seated right on stern of galley, holding stylis; ornate apluster
IΣTI_AIEΩN
crescent below
See SGCV I p. 233 note following #2498
1,74g 13mm

Sear notes crude Histiaia imitations seem to have been struck in Macedonia just prior to the Roman victory in 168 BC. Roman military mints sometimes struck imitative types to make local payments.
Johny SYSEL
63c.jpg
hj6.26.48.2_212 viewsElagabalus
Marcianopolis

Obv: ...ANTΩNINOC, laureate draped and cuirassed right
Rev: Crescent moon with three stars.
16 mm, 3.25 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.26.48.2 variant (bust type). Very crude lettering and style--probably barbarous imitation.
Charles M
Honorius2.jpg
Honorius Silver Not Official33 viewsAncient not official Silver Imitation of Gold Solidus.
(Size, 19.7 mm ; Weight: 1.6 g.)

Honorius. (393-423 AD). Gold solidus. Ravenna, 402-406 AD.
D N HONORI—VS P F AVG, bust draped, cuirassed right, seen from front, wearing pearl diadem / VICTORIA AVGGG, emperor standing right placing foot on captive and holding labarum and Victory on globe, R—V in fields, COMOB in exergue.

RIC 1287. Cohen 44
1 commentsTanit
HUN_Istvan_I_Huszar_1.JPG
Huszár 1; Tóth-Kiss 1.3 legend variation 1; Unger 1; Réthy I 1; Frynas H.1.2; Adamovszky A2; Csákvári p. 30; Kovács pp. 33-35196 viewsHungary. István/Stephen I (Grand Prince 997-1000; King 1000-1038; canonized in 1083)

AR denomination unknown (per Huszár and Adamovszky) or denar (per Tóth-Kiss, Unger, Frynas, Kovács, Csákvári and Gyöngyössy) (average .76 g, 15-19 mm.); .84 g., 18.04 mm. max., 0°

Obv: + STEPHANVS REX, cross within pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.

Rev: + REGIA CIVITAS, cross within pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.

Struck at Esztergom, and issued continuously, probably for decades (per Tóth-Kiss), beginning ca. 1020 (per Gyöngyössy), or 1018-1038 (per Jonsson). According to Jonsson, this type was struck according to two weight standards; a "heavy denar" (average weight 1.24 g.) and "light denar" (average weight .80 g.), with different issuance dates. However, no catalog differentiates the type by weight. It would appear that Jonsson's "light denar" corresponds to this type (which has an average weight of .78 g.) and that his "heavy denar" corresponds to the similar Huszár 4; Tóth-Kiss 1.7, Réthy I 7 (which has an average weight of 1.24 g).

Faintich speculates that the wedges on this coin are cometary symbols that may represent the comet of 975 (the year of Stephen's birth).

Huszár rarity 9, Toth-Kiss rarity 200, Unger rarity 65, Frynas rarity N.

Note: “[T]he half denars or obols of the Bavarian princes, coined at Regensburg, have been identified as the direct models for the first Hungarian coins. . . Yet the design of the Hungarian coin refrained from a servile imitation of the Bavarian model, partly by omitting to copy the representation of the Carlovingian [sic] church from the reverse of the Bavarian obols, partly by showing independent taste in shaping the cross, and applying the linear Greek cross. Finally the capital letter types of the legend on Bavarian coins completely differ from the peculiar characters to be seen on the first Hungarian coins, which are engraved with unusual forms actually reminiscent of runic marks” (Huszár 1963, 6-7).
1 commentsStkp
II_C_V_Countermark.jpg
II.C.V - Possible Barbaric210 viewsEmperor: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Condition: Mediocre
Denomination: Unknown

Countermark on Obverse: ||●C●V (Maybe an imitation of TI●C●A)
Unknown Reverse
5.23g; 24.5mm

Collection Pep
Pep
Alexander_III_stater.jpg
imitation (east Celts) - Alexander III4 viewsAR stater
imitation of Carrhae?
3rd - 2nd century BC
head of young Herakles right, wearing lion's skin
Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle (goose)?; crescent left
AΛEΞANΔPOY
(ΔIP)
?
Price B 40 (Var.) - Imitation Price 3816/3820?
ex Gitbud and Naumann
Johny SYSEL
imitation.jpg
imitation (east Celts) - Demetrius I8 views AR diobol
probably imitation of Demetrius I drachm
150 - 50? BC
diademed head right
cornucopiae
IMBA?
?
Johny SYSEL
brm_185588.jpg
imitation , double frappe19 viewsicos
694_P_Hadrian_PD41.jpg
Imitation 191 Hadrian Denarius 124-28 AD Eagle left 32 viewsReference.
Strack-; RIC -:

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIANV (sic)HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate head right, draped on left shoulder.

Rev. COS III
Eagle standing on thunderbolt, head turned left

2,79 gr
19 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
2a.jpg
Imitation 217 viewsNote the Celtic style decomposition of the image into separate elements. Pseudo-legend on the reverse.djmacdo
1119_P_Hadrian.jpg
Imitation 231 Hadrian Denarius Concordia 10 viewsReference.
RIC 231 for type

Obv. HADRIANV AVG COS III P P (sic)
Head of Hadrian, laureate, right

Rev. ?
Concordia, draped, seated left on throne, holding patera in right hand and resting left arm on statuette of Spes on column at side of throne

3.43 gr
18 mm
okidoki
1264_P_Hadrian_Eastern_mint.jpg
imitation 267 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Salus standing16 viewsReference.
cf RIC. 267d; cf Strack 264; cf C 1336

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bare head right

Rev. SALVS AVG
Salus standing right, holding patera and feeding serpent rising from altar.

3.10 gr
17 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
augustus.jpg
Imitation Augustus Dupondius13 viewsObverse- AVGVST TRIBVNI POTEST
Reverse- S•C / [C GALLVS LVP]ERCVS III[VIR AAAFF]
After 16 b.c.

b70
Imitation_Barbare__Philippe_II,_359-336_ap_J-C.jpg
Imitation Barbare. Philippe II, 359-336 ap.J-C 27 viewsImitation Barbare Philip II, roi de Macédoine, 359-336.
6,34g;20mm
3453
Antonio Protti
1.JPG
Imitation de Philippe II de Macedoine, -200/-15025 viewsQuart de statčre
Or, 1,99 g, 12 mm
A/ Tęte ŕ droite, globules sur le cou
R/ bige ŕ gauche
réfs : Dicomon : ARV-3663 var. ; Mirmand 2006, p. 7 ; BnF 3663 var.
Gabalor
222Hadrian__RIC597d.jpg
Imitation Hadrian Dupondius Roma 119-21 AD Aeternitas standing27 viewsReference.
RIC ;

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.

Rev. AETERNITAS AVG in field S-C
Aeternitas standing facing holding busts of the Sol and Luna

11.50 gr
25 mm

Topic.http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=102127.0
okidoki
1227Hadrian_RIC--.jpg
Imitation Hadrian Sestertius Roma 119-21 AD Hadrian standing between two military standards 12 viewsObv. IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder

Rev. LIBERTAS PVBLICA in ex. SC
Hadrian, togate, standing left, between two military standards, holding with right hand a military standard in left holding volumen.

22.95 gr
33 mm
6h

Note.
This reverse is normaly for Concordia holding with both hands ( Concordia standing facing, head left, holding aquila and Signa), here we see Hadrian on the reverse
okidoki
Counterfeit_Roman_bronze_countermarked.JPG
Imitation of Augustus dupondius24 viewsStruck Imitation of Augustus
TRIBVNIC POTEST dupondius type
1st century AD
degenerate, illegible legend in wreath
retrograde SC
degenerate, illegible legend

Countermarks: imitative, resembling AVG and TI CAES marks
Ardatirion
270_Claudius_II_altar_imit.jpg
Imitation of Claudius II12 viewsbarbaric imitation

official issue:
after 270 AD
radiate head right
DIVO CLAVDIO?
garlanded altar with flames above, plain front
CONSECRATIO
RIC V-1, 261 Rome
0,89g
Johny SYSEL
Tetricus_-_imit_1.jpg
imitation of Tetricus I - AE antoninianus13 viewsunofficial (Trier)
unofficial (early 274 AD)
radiate, cuirassed bust right
IMIP TETRICVS AVG (IMP TETRICVS AVG)
Salus standing half left, sacrifcing over altar, holding anchor
??AIT AVGG (SALVS AVGG)
unofficial (RIC V 126, Cohen 154, SRCV III 11247)
Johny SYSEL
Tetricus_imitation.jpg
imitation of Tetricus I - AE antoninianus5 viewsunofficial (Köln)
unofficial (273 - spring 274 AD)
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
IM VL TP(AV)CVS P F AVG (IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG)
Pax standing half left, holding branch and scepter
PADV_DIO (PAX AVG)
unofficial (RIC V 100, SRCV III 11243)
Johny SYSEL
019~20.JPG
Imitation péri-massaličte, période Hellenistique, -75/-259 viewsObole ΔM
Argent, 0,40 g, 10 mm
Av./ Tęte stylisée d'Apollon ŕ gauche.
Rv./ Roue ŕ quatre rayons cantonnée des lettres Δ et M.
Réfs : Dicomon - - - ; Maurel - - -
Gabalor
zzSHELLpb1.JPG
Imitation republican coin31 viewsRugser
206.jpg
IMP in rectangular punch112 viewsBarbaric imitation of Asian AE As. Augustus. Ć 25. 1st century A.D. Obv: TΛVЗEVSV (blundered). Head right. Rev: Blundered inscription obliterated by countermark. Wreath. Large flan crack due to countermarking. Axis: 300°. Weight: 7.48 g. CM: IMP in rectangular punch, 10 x 5.5 mm. Imitation of imperial countermark. Collection Automan.Automan
Indo-Roman_imitation_(5th_century)_AE4.png
Indo-Roman imitation (5th century) AE455 viewsObv.: Diademed head of emperor right Rev.: Female figure surrounded by veil? Field: S C? Diameter: 13.92 mm Weight: 1.2 grams

This Indo-Roman imitation, according to Weerakoddy, should be connected to the invasion of Sri Lanka from South India by a certain Pandu who, according to the Mahavamsa, ruled the island from A.D. 433-460. He further suggests that most of the coin hoards from Sri Lanka may represent temple donations and payments made to soldiers during Pandu's reign. The abandoning of these hoards may have been the result of disturbances that accompanied the Sinhala rebellion led by Dhatusena, which ended South Indian rule of the island in A.D. 460. Weerakkody also states that these imitative bronzes have been found in great numbers on the island, often as part of large hoards. Many are in private collections, of unknown provenience, or inadequately published. In general, the coins are very worn, and when their context is known it is often a good deal later than the date that they were struck.

(http://www.ancientimports.com/cgi-bin/category.pl?id=544)
Nick.vdw
CHAULUKYAS.jpg
Indo-Sasanian, Chaulukyas of Gujarat69 viewsIndo-Sasanian, Chaulukyas of Gujarat, undetermined ruler. Billon Drachm or Gadhaiya Paisa. Struck c. AD 1030-1120 Obverse Highly stylized head of Sasanian king Peroz. Reverse Stylized fire altar. Weight 4.12gm Diameter 16mm Reference Deyell 158; Göbl Hummen Em. 294. Grade Good Very Fine, lightly toned. Late imitation of the coinage of Peroz which was carried into Northern India
by invading Huns more half a millenium earlier.
dpaul7
ag_1.JPG
Ionia, uncertain51 viewsPeríod of the Artemisión found.
Late 7th century BC.
Electrum 1/24 Stater - 0.49g
Obv.: Convex globular surface.
Rev.: Rectangular incuse punch.

Other than the literary tradition ascribing the origin of coinage to the kings of Lydia, there is little evidence for a more exact chronology of early Greek coinage. The tradition, buttressed by limited archaeological studies, does confirm Asia Minor as the place of origin, most likely Lydia or Ionia, and a date somewhere around 650 BC. The alloy used, a mixture of gold and silver known to the Greeks as elektron was based on the natural ore found in nugget form in many river-beds in the region. The earliest coins were of a globular shape and without design in imitation of this natural form; later, simple striated and punched patterns of squares, rectangles and swastikas were included.
Ricardo Veltri
MISC_Lucca.JPG
Italian States. Lucca13 viewsCf. CNI XI 7, Biaggi 1056, Metcalf Crusades 10-5

AR denaro, .76 g, 16 mm. max., 90°, struck 1039-1125 in the names of the Holy Roman Emperors, Heinrich III-V

Obv: + INPERATOR, around H formed with two Ts joined by central crossbar

Rev.: + ENRICVS, around LV / CA.

These Lucca-style denaros were very popular with the Crusaders of the First Crusade, and are commonly found in hoards in the Levant. It is thought that many of those found in the Levant were struck there by the Crusaders in imitation of the official Lucca issues.
Stkp
Jovian_VOT_X.jpg
Jovian VOT X18 viewsObverse:
Diademed and draped bust left
D N IOVIANVS P F AVG
D N: DOMINUS NOSTER - Our Lord
IOVIANVS: Jovianus
P F: Pius Felix, Dutiful and Fortunate
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
VOT / V within wreath
VOT: Votis Vicennalibus, prayers for 5 years of rule
V: 5
Domination: Bronze centenionalis, size 18 mm
Mint, Constantinople and the mintmark is CONSP[?], 363 - 364 A.D
Exergue:
Oficina: workshop (A,B etc.) RIC VIII Constantinople 178

Comments:
The reverse is pretty good, but if the photo of the obverse is accurate it might be an imitation. The face and the drapery on the bust look fairly odd. Worth looking at some other issues from Constantinople to see if they share the same characteristics as it might just be the work of a bad official engraver. Overall it is not a type that was heavily imitated.
John S
c24~0.jpg
Judean imitation of athenian owl26 viewsJudean imitation of Athenian owl, probably an obolecoli
JULIEN_II-FAUX-EPOQUE.jpg
JULIEN II - ARLES - RIC 297-FAUX4 viewsSilique réduite, 360-363, R2
A/D N CL IVLI-ANVS [AVG]
Dominus Noster Claudius Iulianus Augustus, Notre Seigneur Claude Julien Auguste
Buste barbu ŕ droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOTIS/V/MVLTIS/X//CONT
Votis quinquennalibus/Multis decennalibus, Vśux pour le cinquičme anniversaire de rčgne et plus pour les dix ans ŕ venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée. Un aigle dans le médaillon. Atelier irrégulier. Imitation.
Argent - 2.2 gr - 17.2 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 297var, RSC 158, FERRANDO II MANQUE
Imitation d'époque
Siliquae
justinus_imit.JPG
Justin I follis-imitation90 viewsImitation after a follis of Justinus I, possibly the Gepids. Nicomedia mint, 3rd officina, 27mm, 9.3g. The coin is under the official weight, the style is crude and bears an unexistend 3rd officina from Nicomedia.vercingetorix
JERUSALEM ARAB IMITATION.jpg
Kingdom of Jerusalem72 viewsKingdom of Jerusalem -- Imitation of Ayyubids of Damascus. Al-Salih Ismail, 1237, 1240-45 AD. AR Dirham. 1.8 gm. 20 mm.dpaul7
aksumOR.jpg
Kings of Aksum, Ezanas (Struck after his conversion to Christianity in 330 A.D.), BMC Aksum 9060 viewsKings of Aksum, Ezanas (Struck after his conversion to Christianity in 330 A.D.) c 330-350 A.D. AE, 0.60g 12mm, Munro-Hay 52; BMC Aksum 90
O: BACI ΛEΨC, draped bust right wearing headcloth
R: +TOV TO APECH TH XWPA (May This [the cross] Please the Country), small cross in circle (generally the interiors of the circle and cross were gilt with gold, but none is evident on this example)

Aksum was the first civilization anywhere to use the cross of Christ on its coins (Pankhurst 27), even before the Romans. King Ezana (also known as Abreha) was the first to do so around 330 CE (Pankhurst 27). Ezana became king sometime between 320-325 CE and as a child, he and his court, were converted to Christianity by Frumentius (Prouty and Rosenfeld 65). Ezana began to use the coins as propaganda to spread his religion by replacing the crescent symbols with the cross. Later rulers from late 4th and 5th centuries incorporated on the coins phrases such as ‘By the grace of God’ and ‘Christ is with us (Munro-Ray 190-2).’

The establishment of Christianity in Aksum saw the beginning of an active pilgrimage traffic between Ethiopia and the Holy Land. Pilgrims traveled down the Nile valley and then across to Palestine and Jerusalem. The pilgrims of course brought their coins with them, and the overt Christian symbolism appealed to the local communities through which they passed. As a result, Axumite bronze coins and local imitations of them saw considerable circulation in Egypt and Palestine. They have been found at numerous 4th to 6th century sites, circulating alongside the regular Roman and Byzantine nummi. A settlement of Coptic Ethiopian monks remains in Jerusalem to this day, their main shrine being on the roof of the Holy Sepulchre church, the only location permitted them by the more numerous Christian sects.

Aksum is the purported home of the Ark of the Covenant. According to regional tradition, the Ark is housed in the Church of Mary of Zion. The Ark, according to legends, was brought to Aksum by King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba's son and placed under guard. No one but the one guard priest is allowed in, and thus no one can verify the Ark's existence. According to the Kebra Nagast, when Menelik, came to visit his father in Jerusalem, his father gave him a copy of the Ark, and commanded the first-born sons of the elders of his kingdom to go to Ethiopia and settle there. The sons of the elders did not want to live away from the presence of the Ark, so they switched the copy with the original and smuggled the Ark out of the country. Menelik only learned that the original was with his group during the journey home.
2 commentscasata137ec
KujKad3.jpg
Kujula Kadphises - Imitation?11 viewsTetradrachm of Kujula Kadphises (30-80 CE) in the style of Hermaeus.

Hermaeus-style diademed bust, right. Corrupted Greek legend: "Basileos Stirossu Ermaiou" (or "King Hermaeus, the Saviour")/Herakles standing with club and lion skin. Kharosthi legend: KUJULA KASASA KUSHANA YAVUGASA DHARMATHIDASA (or "Kujula Kadphises ruler of the Kushans, steadfast in the Law").
Belisarius
KujKad2.jpg
Kujula Kadphises - Imitation?38 viewsTetradrachm of Kujula Kadphises (30-80 CE) in the style of Hermaeus.

Hermaeus-style diademed bust, right. Corrupted Greek legend: "Basileos Stirossu Ermaiou" (or "King Hermaeus, the Saviour")/Herakles standing with club and lion skin. Kharosthi legend: KUJULA KASASA KUSHANA YAVUGASA DHARMATHIDASA (or "Kujula Kadphises ruler of the Kushans, steadfast in the Law").
Belisarius
mitchnerC_copy.jpg
Kushans: Kobad11 viewsKushan Empire, local imitation of Kobad (?), c. 4th Cent. AD. Not in Mitchner.Molinari
mitchnerB_copy.jpg
Kushans: Kujula Kadphises13 viewsKushan Empire, Kujula Kadphises, 40-60 AD, AE Tetradrachm. Locally struck imitation. Mitchner 2906-10.Molinari
mitchnerA_copy.jpg
Kushans: Kujula Kadphises24 viewsKushan Empire, local imitation of Kujula Kadphises, c. 40-60 AD, AE Tetradrachm. Mitchner 2897-2903.Molinari
mitchnerD_copy.jpg
Kushans: Shah Shapur13 viewsKushan Empire, Shah Shapur, local imitation of Hephthalite (?), c. 3rd Cent. AD. Not in Mitchner.Molinari
s-l500_(1).png
KUTCH STATE - SHREE DESHALJI - ONE KORI 15 viewsKUTCH STATE - SHREE DESHALJI - ONE KORI - RARE SILVER COIN #HK82

WEIGHT - 4.44 gm.DIAMETER - 15 mm
_8Rayadhanji I S/o Tamachiji (1666 - 1698) coinage issue:
The first series of coins were introduced in 1586, and consisted of copper trambiyo and dhinglo coins, and silver ˝ and 1 kori coins. The 1 dokdo coin was introduced in 1632, followed by the ˝ trambiyo and Ľ kori coins in 1645, the 25 kori coin in 1854, 5 kori in 1863, 50 and 100 kori in 1866, 3 dokda in 1868, 1˝ dokda in 1869, 2˝ kori in 1875, and 1 dhabu, 1 payalo, 1 adhio, and 10 kori coins in 1943. Kutch currency was replaced by the Indian rupee in 1947 at a rate of 1 rupee = 3˝ Kori.
Currency: Kori = 2 Adlinao = 4 Payalo = 8 Dhabu = 16 Dhinglo = 24 Dokda = 48 Trambiyo = 96 Babukiya.



KM#36 Kori. Year: ND (1666-1698). Weight: 4.46g [4.50g]. Metal: 0.800 Silver. Diameter: 15.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Rotated. Mint: Bhuj.
Note: A close imitation of the coin of Gujarat's ruler Muzaffar Shah III with a dagger to bottom right.

Obverse legend in Urdu: "As-sultan, Muzaffar Shah" with frozen date "٩٧٨" (AH 978). Rao's name: राउ श्री ऱायधणजी (Rao Shree Rayadhanji) in Devnagari at the bottom. Reverse legend in Urdu: "Ar-reman betaid al-muwid shams ad-duniya waud-din abu-Al-nasir" (Son of the world and defender of the Religion by the help and strength of the merciful). Dagger mint mark at the right bottom side. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type with AH 978 frozen date. Ruler: Rayadhanji I.
Antonivs Protti
s-l500_(1).jpg
KUTCH STATE - SHREE RAIDHANJI - ONE KORI - 13 viewsKUTCH STATE - SHREE RAIDHANJI - ONE KORI - RARE SILVER COIN #HK79
WEIGHT - 4.40 gm.
DIAMETER - 14 mm
_8Rayadhanji I S/o Tamachiji (1666 - 1698) coinage issue:
The first series of coins were introduced in 1586, and consisted of copper trambiyo and dhinglo coins, and silver ˝ and 1 kori coins. The 1 dokdo coin was introduced in 1632, followed by the ˝ trambiyo and Ľ kori coins in 1645, the 25 kori coin in 1854, 5 kori in 1863, 50 and 100 kori in 1866, 3 dokda in 1868, 1˝ dokda in 1869, 2˝ kori in 1875, and 1 dhabu, 1 payalo, 1 adhio, and 10 kori coins in 1943. Kutch currency was replaced by the Indian rupee in 1947 at a rate of 1 rupee = 3˝ Kori.
Currency: Kori = 2 Adlinao = 4 Payalo = 8 Dhabu = 16 Dhinglo = 24 Dokda = 48 Trambiyo = 96 Babukiya.



KM#36 Kori. Year: ND (1666-1698). Weight: 4.46g [4.50g]. Metal: 0.800 Silver. Diameter: 15.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Rotated. Mint: Bhuj.
Note: A close imitation of the coin of Gujarat's ruler Muzaffar Shah III with a dagger to bottom right.

Obverse legend in Urdu: "As-sultan, Muzaffar Shah" with frozen date "٩٧٨" (AH 978). Rao's name: राउ श्री ऱायधणजी (Rao Shree Rayadhanji) in Devnagari at the bottom. Reverse legend in Urdu: "Ar-reman betaid al-muwid shams ad-duniya waud-din abu-Al-nasir" (Son of the world and defender of the Religion by the help and strength of the merciful). Dagger mint mark at the right bottom side. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type with AH 978 frozen date. Ruler: Rayadhanji I.
Antonivs Protti
aemilia.JPG
L. Aemilius Lepidus Paullus. 62 BC. AR Denarius. Barbarous issue85 viewsL. Aemilius Lepidus Paullus. 62 BC. AR Denarius (3.80 g). Barbarous issue(Geto-Dacian imitation) with newly engraved dies, in good silver. PAVLLVS LEPIDVS CONCORDIA, Veiled and diademed head of Concordia right / TER above trophy; to left, three captives (King Perseus and his two sons) standing; to right, togate L. Aemilius Paullus, raising his hand. PAVLLVS in ex.1 commentsancientone
lateae4_copy.jpg
Late Roman AE419 viewsArcadius or Theodosius II (?), late 4th cent. AD. Possibly a contemporary imitation, Obv: Emperor right; Rev: VIX over X (?) within wreath, AE 4, 8mm.Molinari
2012-07-158.jpg
Lead ? Denarius of Septimius Severus22 viewsThis imitation denarius of Septimius Severus has a female seated on reverse - perhaps SECVRITAS PVBLICA. It is very soft like lead but is light - 1.65 grams, 16.5 mm diameter - so might be another alloy. It comes from the Middle East.otlichnik
IMG_0758.JPG
Lead celtic imitation of Ituci tribe 20mm23 viewsObv. Ear of corn
Rev. Tuna fish under cresent moon, all over ITVCI between parallel lines.
Similar to http://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=135810
Lee S
__1.jpg
Lead Contemporary Imitation of Alexander III Tetradrachm9 viewsObverse: Head of Herakles right
Reverse: Zeus seated eft
Size: 24mm, 9.88g.
Canaan
combine_images~9.jpg
LEO I (457-474). Ae.49 viewsObv: Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: Lion crouching right, head reverted.
Unlisted variety, the lion position, possibly imitation.

Weight: 0.82g.
Diameter: 10 mm.
2 commentsCanaan
leoI_605(1).jpg
Leo I RIC X, 605103 viewsLeo I 457 - 474
AV - Solidus, 4.47g, 20mm
Constantinopolis 9. officina, AD 462 or 466
obv. DN LEO PE - RPET AVG
cuirassed bust, laureate, helmeted and pearl-diademed
head 3/4 r., with spear arcoss r. shoulder and shield with
horseman spearing enemy at l. shoulder
rev. VICTORI - A AVGGG
Victory standing l., holding jeweled long cross in r. hand
field: star and Theta
exergue: CONOB
RIC X, 605; Ratto 244-250; DOCLR. 518
about VF

An official issue of RIC 605 for comparison with the so-called Burgundian imitation!
Jochen
licinius_II_siscia_2.jpg
Licinius II VOT XX SIS star SISCIA Mint (Ancient Imitation)28 viewsnote from Dane from Helvecta
LICINIVS IVN NOB C or LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES are all VOT V reverses and are on the VOT V page of my list (RIC 154, 155, 162), or they have different reverses types such as trophy with captives, Victoriae Laetae etc.
There are no Licinius II coins with a VOT XX reverse in RIC except one single coin: RIC VII Rome 212 with the mintmark RP and even that one should be seen as dubious. Licinius II was Caesar for only 7-8 years, from 317 to 324 AD. A VOT X would be suitable, but not one repeating his vows for 20 years.
In addition, the obverse legend of this coin is very peculiar without the full name, simply being (as far as I can see) LICIN LICIN IVN dot H AES, so no LICINIVS which should be there somewhere. And finally, the gamma of the mintmark is quite poor, resembling more an I than a gamma.

So in my opinion it is an ancient imitation
James b4
Contemporary-barbaric-imitation_Q-001.jpg
Licinus-I. (308-324) or Constantinus-I. (307-337) AE Ancient Counterfeits and Barbarous Imitation #01144 viewsLicinus Ancient Counterfeits and Barbarous Imitation
avers:- confusing text, Helmeted, cuirassed bust left (similar to the Urbs Roma and the avers Constantinopolis)
revers:- confusing text (probably: VICTORIAAVGGNN in RIC-59(VII-Thessalonica)), Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm
exergo: confusing text, TSDelta imitation ??
date: 319 AD.??
mint: TSDelta imitation ??
diameter: 17-18mm
weight:
ref: ??
Q-001
quadrans
2012-07-1514.jpg
Limes Falsa cast imitation Antoninus Pius As22 viewsThis is a cast imitation of Antoninus Pius As. I can not tell the original type although it has a figure standing on the reverse. It is 10.67 grams, 25 mm diameter. This coin was found in Lower Austria. It is possible that it was based on a Sestertius as there appears to be legend mostly off the flan. The weight is also slightly heavy for a Limes Falsa As.otlichnik
2012-07-1519.jpg
Limes Falsa cast imitation Diva Faustina I As24 viewsThis is a cast imitation of Diva Faustina I As DIVA FAV-STINA, Diademed bust right, and a reverse of possibly Spes. It is 6.15 grams, 25 mm diameter. This coin was found in Lower Austria. The obverse detail is very good for a cast but the reverse gives it away.otlichnik
2012-07-1512.jpg
Limes Falsa cast imitation Hadrian As54 viewsThis is a cast imitation of Hadrian As IMP CAES DIVI TRA PARTH F DIVI NER NEP TRAIANO HADRIANO AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right, PONT MAX TR POT COS II, Legionary eagle between two standards, SC, reverse - BMC 1117 from early 118 AD. It is 9.45 grams, 26 mm diameter. This coin was found in Lower Austria. A limes falsa cast of the same type was found at Carnuntum (Numismata Carnuntina, imitation #60/2).otlichnik
2012-07-1518.jpg
Limes Falsa cast imitation Hadrian Sestertius54 viewsThis is a cast imitation of an early Hadrian Sestertius. Unusual for Limes falsa it is full weight for a Sestertius - 20.39 grams, 32.5 mm diameter. This coin was found in Lower Austria. otlichnik
2012-07-1517.jpg
Limes Falsa cast imitation Marcus Aurelius or Commodus Sestertius62 viewsThis is a cast imitation of Marcus Aurelius or Commodus Sestertius with reverse of Emperor in quadriga drawn left. It is 11.65 grams, 27 mm diameter. This coin was found in Lower Austria. A limes falsa cast of the same type was found at Carnuntum (Numismata Carnuntina, imitation 193/b).otlichnik
2012-07-1515.jpg
Limes Falsa cast imitation Severus Alexander Sestertius55 viewsThis is a cast imitation of Severus Alexander Sestertius IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG, Laureate bust right, ANNONA AVGVSTI, Annona standing with sceptre and grain ear over modius,, SC, reverse - RIC-549 from 231 AD. It is 9.55 grams, 29.5 mm diameter. This coin was found in Lower Austria. A limes falsa cast of the same type was found at Carnuntum (Numismata Carnuntina, imitation #343).otlichnik
2012-07-1513.jpg
Limes Falsa cast imitation Trajan ? Dupondius51 viewsThis is a cast imitation of likely Trajan Dupondius. I can not tell the original type. It has a female standing on the reverse and two blobs for the S and C in the fields. It is 10.16 grams, 28 mm diameter. This coin was found in Lower Austria. otlichnik
Lucastyledenar16mm_95g.jpg
Lucca. Henry III to V, 1039 - 1125 AD. AR Denaro. (First Crusade)11 viewsHenry III to V
Obv: H centered ; IMPERATOR around.
Rev: LUCA in center ; ENRICUS around
1039-1125 AD
Lucca Italy
16mm
.96g
A common coin reported in a number of hoards throughout the Levant,
It has been commented that many were struck as imitation of the official Lucca issues
wileyc
lg_trachy04.jpg
Manuel I Billon Aspron Trachy (Bulgarian imitation)48 viewsManuel I
Billon Aspron Trachy 3.71g / 28mm / -
- Christ's bearded, seated facing, wearing nimbus cr., pallium and colobium; r., Gospels in l. hand
- The Virgin on r. crowning Manuel on l., both stg. facing
Mint: (1195-1200)
References: After Sear BCV 1966; Pz. # B3.5b1

Bulgarian imitation from about 1195-1200.
Shows a pointed cross on globus cruciger together with 7 levels on collar piece what is typical for Bulg. imitations of Byzantines from the "Star"-Officin. There are pieces known with 5, 6, 7 and 8 jewels on collar piece showing the pointed cross variety.
Pz. ("petzlaff") #B3.5b1
Scotvs Capitis
1226mab1.jpg
Marcus Aurelius - Ancient Barbaric Imitation 19 viewsUnpublished mule or ancient barbaric imitation of Marcus Aurelius with reverse of Antoninus Pius
Obverse - AVRELIVS CAES AVG PIIF, (?) bare headed bust right.
Reverse - CONSECRATIO, woman figure holding patera over altar, corn stalk to the right
21 mm diam. 6.3 g
sold 4-2018
NORMAN K
maurel.jpg
Marcus Aurelius denarius22 viewsObv: M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG; laureate head r.
Rev: TR P XXXII IMP VIIII COS III P P; Woman seated l., holding branch, cornucopiae at her feet. or similar

Curtis Clay: The crude style shows that the coin is an ancient imitation, not an official strike.
areich
146.JPG
Massalia, imitation péri-massaličte -150/ -259 viewsObole MA
Argent, 0,64 g, 10,5 mm
Av./ Tęte juvénile ŕ gauche.
Rv./ Roue ŕ quatre rayons cantonnée des lettres M et A
Réfs : Dicomon OBP- - - .
Gabalor
Capture_00075.JPG
Mesembria, Thrace38 views3rd - 1st Century B.C.
Bronze AE19 Celtic Imitation
4.32 gm, 19 mm
Obv.: Diademed female head right, border of dots
Rev: Athena Alkidemos standing left holding shield and hurling thunderbolt,
METAM – [B]PIANΩN to either side
BMC 3 p.133, 8-10; Sear 1676
Jaimelai
minima.jpg
Minima of Caesarea76 viewsCaesarea Maritima mint. AE 6 mm, 0.35 g. 2nd Century CE. Obverse: Bust (Hercules?) right. Reverse: Boar or wolf standing right. H. Hamburger "Minute Coins from Caesarea Maritima," (Atiqot vol. 1, 1954), #57. BCC m41.

This is one of the smallest coin types mentioned in Hamburger. Stunning black Caesarea-style patina. Coin much nicer in hand then in picture.

During the second century CE, a small unofficial mint in Caesarea, a city on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in modern-day Israel, was established to mint large quantities of small denominations, perhaps because there was a lack of small denominations in the region. These "minimai" are usually very crude imitations of earlier official issues. H. Hamburger estimated that only 1 in 10 minimai have identifiable designs due the excessive wear that is usually found on these coins.

Ex. Coll: J. Berlin, Caesarea series.
1 commentsAarmale
IMGP2652Mith2combo.jpg
Mithradates II., 121-91 BC or Mithradates I, 178-138 BC14 viewscontemporary imitation AR dr., 3,61gr, 20mm;
mint: Eastern?, axis: 11h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/diadem, knot and ribbons; short cap like hair, mustache and medium-long beard; earring, multi-turn torque; complete dotted border; double strike;
rev.: archer, left, on omphalos, w/bow in left hand; 4-line fantasy legend forming square; exergual line;

ex: Vienna, VA, Coin Show.
Schatz
IMGP2652Mith2combo~0.jpg
Mithradates II., 123-88 BC or Mithradates I, 178-138 BC9 views
contemporary imitation AR dr., 3,61gr, 20mm;
mint: Eastern?, axis: 11h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/diadem, knot and ribbons; short cap like hair, mustache and medium-long beard; earring, multi-turn torque; complete dotted border; double strike;
rev.: archer, left, on omphalos, w/bow in left hand; 4-line fantasy legend forming square; exergual line;

ex: Vienna, VA, Coin Show.
Schatz
nikopolis_geta_HrHJ(2013)8_22_14_4.JPG
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 22. Geta, HrHJ (2018) 8.22.14.05 #2 (plate coin)48 viewsGeta as Caesar, AD 198-209
AE 16, 2.38g, 16.32mm, 210°
obv. L C KAI - GETAC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r.
rev. NIKOPOLITWN PROC IC
Bearded head of Herakles r.
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.22.14.5 (plate coin)
VF, dark green Patina

Note: Probably a cast copy from an authentic coin. See "Bulgarian Imitation?", 2.11.2018, in http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?board=9.0
1 commentsJochen
nikopolis_caracalla_Crescent_barbarous_1~0.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Caracalla, HrJ (2011) 8.18.48.6 cf., barbaric imitation9 viewsCaracalla as Caesar, AD 196-198
AE 16, 2.60g, 15.85mm, 135°
so-called barbaric imitation
obv. [.....]TWNIN
Bust, draped, bare-headed, r.
rev. NI[.....]OC IC.T
Crescent with 1 star
ref. cf. Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 8.18.48.6

The legible parts of the blundered legends suggest Nikopolis and Caracalla.
Jochen
nikopolis_elagabal_HrJ(2012)8_26_14_1+_barbaric_imitation.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Elagabal, HrJ (2012) 8(?).26(?).14.1 (this coin), barbarious imitation36 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 19, 3.8g, 19.27mm, 330°
obv. AV KM AVR - [ANTWNINOC]
(somewhat blundered legend)
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. NIKOPO - LITWN (from lower r. counterclockwise)
(blundered legend)
Club of Herakles, handle downwards
ref. Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 8(?).26(?).14.1 (this coin)
barbarious imitation, resembles HrJ (2012) No. 8.26.14.1
extremely rare, about VF, black-brown patina

A so-called 'barbaric imitation'. May be evidence that provincial coins of Nikopolis were used in a larger region?
1 commentsJochen
nikopolis_elagabal_HrJ(2012)8_26_14_1cf(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Elagabal, HrJ 2012) 8.26.14.1 cf (rev. only), barbarious imitation29 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 17, 2.87g, 16.84g, 315°
obv. AV KM AVR - ANTWNINOC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. NIKOPO - LITWN (from lower right, counterclockwise)
staff of Asklepios, entwined by snake
ref.a) not in AMNG
cf. AMNG I/1, 2032 (for the type only)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) not in Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2012):
rev. not listed, but legend like No. 8(?).26(?).14.1
obv. e.g. No. 8(?).26(?).14.1 (same die?)
F, glossy black patina

Looks like a so-called "barbarious" imitation. There is another "barbarious" staff of Asklepios, No. 8(?).26(?).20.1, but from different dies.
1 commentsJochen
nikopolis_geta_Herakles_barbarisch_#1.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Geta as Caesar, barbaric imitation #110 viewsGeta as Caesar, AD 198-209
AE 16, 2.55g, 18.89, 16.45mm, o°
obv. L C KA. -[GETAC]
Bare head r.
rev. NIKOP. - PROC ICTR
Herakles, nude, stg. frontal, head l., with r. hand resting on club, l. hand
outstretched sidewards
ref. cf. Hristova/Jekov No. 8.18.14.11 (Caracalla)
F-F+, dark green patina with defects

Now Kevin K3 has a coin from same dies. So may be it is an official issue with an od portrait?
Jochen
nikopolis_geta_Herakles_barbaric__2~0.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Geta as Caesar, barbaric imitation #26 viewsGeta as Caesar, AD 198-209
AE 19, 1.68g, 18.89-16.31mm, o°
obv. L C KA. -[GETAC]
Bare head r.
rev. NIKOPO - [...]CTR
Herakles, nude, stg. frontal, head l., with r. hand resting on club, l. hand
outstretched sidewards
ref. cf. Hristova/Jekov No. 8.18.14.11 (Caracalla)
obv. double struck
F-F+, dark green patina

This could be evidence that the coins of Nikopolis were in use in a larger region.
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_Herakles_modern_fake.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Septimius Severus, Herakles, bad modern fake4 viewsSeptimius Severus, 193-211
AE 17, 3.13g, 18.32mm, 135°
obv. AV KAI [CE] - CEVHROC
Laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLI - PROC ICTR
Herakles, stg. frontal, resting with l. hand on club, r.
hand behind back
ref. not listed!

A modern imitation! Style totally wrong!
Jochen
nikopolis_caracalla_Crescent_barbarous_1.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, X barbaric imitation, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2018) 8(?).18(?).48.01 (plate coin)53 viewsCaracalla as Caesar, AD 196-198
AE 16, 2.60g, 15.85mm, 135°
so-called barbaric imitation
obv. [M AV KAI AN]TWNIN (from upper right)
Bust, draped, bare-headed, r.
rev. NI[KOPOLITWN PR]OC IC.
Crescent with 1 star in the cavity
ref. Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8(?).18(?).48.1 (plate coin)
extremely rare (R9), F+

The legible parts of the blundered legends suggest Nikopolis and Caracalla.
Jochen
nikopolis_X_barbaric_18_caracalla_HrHJ(2018)8_18_48_-.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, X barbaric imitation, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2018)8(?).18(?).48.- 5 viewsCaracalla(?), AD 198-217
AE 16, 1.67g, 15.86mm, 45°
obv. [...] - [...].P.AVG
Laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLIT - PROC ICTR (L revers)
Hermes, nude, stg. l., holding in l. arm kerykeion and in extended r. hand purse, before
him the cock
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov
c) not in Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018):
ref. cf. No. 8.18.10.22 (for the type only)
probably unpublished
very rare

Usually the "barbaric" imitations from Nikopolis are from the time of the Severans. The obv. legend seems to be Latin because the end looks like AVG.
Jochen
nikopolis_elagabal_HrHJ(2017)8_26_8_20cf.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, X barbaric imitation, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2018) 8(?).26(?).08.01 (plate coin) 14 viewsElagabal, AD 8-222
AE 16, 3.19g, 16.07mm, 0°
Av. [...] - ANTONINOC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
Rv. NIKOPOLITWN PROC (from lower right counterclockwise, some letters mirrored)
Bunch of grapes
Ref.: a) not in AMNG:
cf. AMNG I/1, 2036 (for the original type)
b) not in Varbanov:
cf. #3799 (for the original type)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8(?).26(?).8.01 (this coin)
extremely rare, about VF, dark green patina

The seller had written Caracalla, but the rev. is known for Elagabal and the comical portrait too reminds rather of Elagabal than of Caracalla.
Jochen
nikopolis_elagabal_HrJ8_26_14_7cf_barbaric_imitation.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, X barbaric imitation, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2018) 8(?).26(?).14.01 (plate coin)43 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 19, 3.8g, 19.27mm, 330°
obv. AV KM AVR - [ANTWNINOC]
(somewhat blundered legend, R retrograde)
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. NIKOPO - LITWN (from lower r. counterclockwise)
(blundered legend)
Club of Herakles, handle downwards
ref. Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8(?).26(?).14.1 (plate coin)
barbaric imitation, resembles HrJ No. 8.26.14.7
extremely rare (R9), about VF, black-brown patina

A so-called 'barbaric imitation'. May be evidence that provincial coins of Nikopolis have been used in a larger region?
Jochen
nikopolis_elagabal_Stab_neu.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, X barbaric imitation, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2018) 8(?).26(?).20.01 (plate coin)34 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 17, 2.87g, 16.84g, 315°
obv. AV KM AVR - ANTWNINOC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. NIKOPO - LITWN (from lower right, counterclockwise)
staff of Asklepios, entwined by snake
ref.a) not in AMNG
cf. AMNG I/1, 2032 (for the type only)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8(?).26(?).20.1
extremely rare (R9), F, glossy black patina

Looks like a so-called "barbarious" imitation. There is another "barbarious" staff of Asklepios, No. 8(?).26(?).20.2, but from different dies.
Jochen
nikopolis_elagabal_HrHJ(2018)8_26_48_-.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, X barbaric imitation, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2018) 8(?).26(?).48.- 7 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 18, 3.49g, 18.3mm, 225°
'barbaric' imitation
obv. AV K M AVR - [.....]
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. Pseudo legend with dots
Crescent with 1 star
ref. not in Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018):
obv. cf. No. 8.26.48.1
rare, F+, dark green patina
Jochen
nikopolis_caracalla_Crescent_2stars_neu.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, X barbaric imitation, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2018) 8(?).26(?).48.01 (plate coin)19 viewsElagabal(?), AD 198-217
AE 16, 1.80g, 16.26mm, 0°
obv. AVT K M AVR ANTONINO (or ANTWNINO?)
laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLITON(sic!) PROC ICTRON (beginning at 10h)
Crescent, 2 5-pointed stars over the cavity
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8(?).26(?).48.1 (plate coin)
very rare, F+

The portrait, the legend error and the unusual beginning of the rev. legend, suggest that this is a barbarian imitation.
It could well be Elagabal. But I tend to Caracalla.
Jochen
nikopolis_elagabal_HrHJ(2017)8_26_48_1cf_barbaric_imitation.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, X barbaric imitation, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2018) 8(?).26(?).48.01 (plate coin)8 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 18, 2.79g, 17.89mm, 315°
obv. [AV K ]M AVR - ANTWNINO[C] (R retrograde)
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. NIKOPO[L]ITWN PROC IC
Crescent with 3 stars in the cavity
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8(?).26(?).48.1 (this coin)
extremely rare, about VF, dark green patina
pedigree:
ex Gorny&Mosch auction 204, 3.5.12, Lot 2979

The style of the obv. resembles that of No. 8(?).26(?).14.1 (even with the retrograde R). So I could complete the obv. legend.
Jochen
nikopolis_macrinus_HrHJ(2013)8_23_54_3cf(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, X hybrid, 33. Severus Alexander, HrHJ (2018) 8.32.54.01 (plate coin)15 viewsSeverus Alexander, AD 222-235
AE 18, 2.09g, 14.66-17.61mm, 150°
obv. [IMP C M AVR SEV - ALE]XAND AVG
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. NI / KOPOL / ITW[N] P / ROC IC / ORT(?)
Legend in 5 lines in dotted circle
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.32.54.1 (plate coin)
rev. Macrinus HrHJ (2018) No. 8.23.54.3-4
obv. Deultum, Severus Alexander
extremely rare, F, dark green patina

A remarkable coin:
(1) rev. undoubtedly from Nikopolis
(2) obv. undoubtedly Severus Alexander
(3) but Severus Alexander has not issued coins in Nikopolis
(4) rev. Greek legend, obv. Latin legend
(5) Latin legends occur only in Deultum (for Moesia)
So this is a hybrid of an obv. from Deultum and a rev. from Nikopolis, an ancient imitation!
Jochen
odessos_sept__severus_AMNG2271.jpg
Moesia inferior, Odessos, Septimius Severus, AMNG 227137 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 26, 9.39g
struck posthumous after 211 under Caracalla and Geta
obv. DIVW CEV - HRW PEIW
Head of Severus without wreath, r.
rev. ODHCC - E - ITWN
The Great God of Odessos, in himation and wearing kalathos, stg. l., holding cornucopiae in . arm and sacrificing from patera over flaming altar, stg. l. before him
AMNG I/2, 2271 (2 ex., Moskow, Munich); Varbanov (engl.) 4357
rare, VF, dark-green patina
added to www.wildwinds.com

Pick writes: The obv. is the exact imitation of some Roman consecration denari, so that face, hair and beard step by step seem to be re-cut. That is the explanation too that for the reproduction of the legend DIVO SEVERO PIO instead of the usual term Theos the Latin loan word DIVUS was taken, which otherwise never occurs on coins - at least on authentic ones.
1 commentsJochen
coin114.JPG
Mysia, Parion29 views480 BC
hemidrachm, 2.05g

obv Gorgoneion
Rv Cruciform incuse Square, pellet at center

Poor Style or ancient imitation. Dealer notes that these are more common than the better styled ones making imitation aspect unlikely

Ex-HJB
ecoli
Mysia_Parion_GIC_3917.JPG
Mysia, Parion25 viewsObv: Gorgoneion head facing with protruding tongue.

Rev: Incuse square containing a cruciform pattern with a pellet in the center.

Silver Tetrobol, Mysia, Parion mint (Thracian imitation?), c. 480 BC

3.4 grams, 12.6 mm

GCV 3917
Caesar's Ghost
NEAPOLITAN_REPUB_HENRY_1648.jpg
NEAPOLITAN REPUBLIC - Henry de Guise58 viewsNEAPOLITAN REPUBLIC - Henry de Guise (1647-1648) AE 3 Tornesi, 1648. Obv.: Crowned shield with letters SPQN. Legend: HEN DE LOR DUX REIP N. Rev.: Bound wheat and olives, legend PAX ET UBERTAS 1648. Reference: KM #55. Ex Ardatirion collection.
These are always poorly struck, usually not this nice. The design quality of this piece is rather crude, and the SPQN is NOT aligned properly... letters are sideways. Usually they are straight. Probably made toward the end of the siege of the Republic by Spain.
From Wikepedia: The Neapolitan Republic was a Republic created in Naples, which lasted from 22 October 1647 to 5 April 1648. It began after the revolt led by Masaniello and Giulio Genoino against the Spanish viceroys.
The leader of the Republic was Henry II of Lorraine, duke of Guise, descendant of the former king of Naples Rene I of Anjou. The Republic had the following official names: Serenissima Repubblica di questo regno di Napoli ("Most Serene Republic of this Kingdom of Naples"), Reale Repubblica ("Royal Republic"), and Serenissima Monarchia repubblicana di Napoli ("Most Serene Republican Monarchy of Naples"). All indicated the double nature of the Republic, both republican and monarchical, and "Serenissima" was a purposeful comparison with the famous Italian maritime republic with the same title, Venice. The coat of arms was a red shield with the motto S.P.Q.N., in imitation of the well-known S.P.Q.R., the initialism of the Latin phrase, Senatus Populusque Romanus ("The Senate and the People of Rome"), Thus, the Neapolitan phrase meant "The Senate and People of Naples." The coat of arms contained the crest of the duke of Guise.
dpaul7
040.JPG
NEMAUSUS - Petit bronze NEM COL, -40/-3010 viewsBronze, 1,78 g, 17 mm.
Av./ Tęte casquée ŕ droite, S ou volute derričre.
Rv./ Personnage debout ŕ gauche, bras gauche sur une colonne, main droite tenant une patčre au dessus de deux serpents, NEM COL ŕ droite.
Réfs : Dicomon, NIM-2735 ; LT 2735.
Cette monnaie semble ętre une imitation.
Gabalor
553c.jpg
nicaea001c5 viewsElagabalus
Nicaea, Bithynia (barbarous imitation)

Obv: ANTONINVS, radiate head right.
Rev: Botched legend, three military standards.
19 mm, 3.57 gms

Charles M
abm_cut_blank.jpg
Octagonal blank23 viewsA strange octagonal blank, cut again. It finds parallels with irregular imitations struck from similar, angular flans. Probably connected with irregular radiate manufacture. Lincolnshire.
17mm x 12mm. Weight 2.12g.
Adrianus
Parion_imitative.jpg
Odrysian Kingdom - AR hemidrachm13 viewsImitation of Parion hemidrachm
early 5th - middle 4th century BC
Gorgoneion facing
incuse square with cross and pellet
cf.SNG France 1347; cf.SNG Copenhagen 256
1,71g

Forum note: "This type has traditionally been attributed to Parion, Mysia or as a Celtic imitative of the Parion type. Based on find locations in the area of Plovdiv, Haskova, Stara Zagora and Yambol in Bulgaria, Topalov has reattributed this imitative type to the Thracian Odrysian Kingdom. He notes they may have been struck by a tribal mint or by one of the Greek cities within Odrysian territory to pay their annual tax to the tribe."
Johny SYSEL
IMGP3083Orod1combo.jpg
Orodes I. 90 - 77 BC23 viewsAR dr., 3,91gr, 19mm; Sellwood 31/6 type, Shore 123,124 type, Sunrise --;
mint: ?, axis: 13:30;
obv.: head, left, w/tiara (3 rows of pellets, eight-point star as side decoration, long ear flap) and diadem w/ribbon; mustache, short beard; earring?; cuirass; dotted border 10:30 to 14:30h; style of portrait and die quality suggest a contemporary imitation;
rev>: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand; seven-line legend: BAΣIΛEΩ(Σ) MEΓAΛoV APΣAKoV AVToKPAToPoΣ ΦIΛoΠAToP; EΠIΦANoVΣ ΦIΛEΛΛΗNoΣ; exergual line;

ex: H. Hass, Germany.
Schatz
IMGP3083Orod1combo~0.jpg
Orodes I. 90 - 77 BC6 views
AR dr., 3,91gr, 19mm; Sellwood 31/6 type, Shore 123,124 type, Sunrise --;
mint: ?, axis: 13:30;
obv.: head, left, w/tiara (3 rows of pellets, eight-point star as side decoration, long ear flap) and diadem w/ribbon; mustache, short beard; earring?; cuirass; dotted border 10:30 to 14:30h; style of portrait and die quality suggest a contemporary imitation;
rev: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand; seven-line legend: BAΣIΛEΩ(Σ) MEΓAΛoV APΣAKoV AVToKPAToPoΣ ΦIΛoΠAToP; EΠIΦANoVΣ ΦIΛEΛΛΗNoΣ; exergual line;

ex: H. Hass, Germany.
Schatz
AF_RIC_119b(2)~0.jpg
Otacilia Severa 8 viewsAv. MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG
Diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders
Rv. CONCORDIA AVGG
Concordia seated left, holding patera and cornucopiae
RIC 119b 4,28g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC119(2) )
Priscus
AF_RIC_123c.jpg
Otacilia Severa5 viewsAv. MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG
Diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders
Rv. PVDICITIA AVG
Pvdicitia, veiled, seated left, with r. hand drawing veil, transverse sceptre in left
RIC 123c 4,12g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC 123)
Priscus
AF_RIC_126c_(1).jpg
Otacilia Severa 8 viewsAv. M OTACIL SEVERA AVG
Diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders
Rv. CONCORDIA AVGG
Concordia seated left, holding patera and cornucopiae
RIC 126c 3,65g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC 126c(1) )
Priscus
AF_RIC_128A.jpg
Otacilia Severa7 viewsAv. M OTACIL SEVERA AVG
Diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders
Rv. PVDICITIA AVG
Pvdicitia, veiled, seated left, with r. hand drawing veil, transverse sceptre in left
RIC 128A 3,19g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC 128A (1) )
Priscus
AF_RIC_130.jpg
Otacilia Severa7 viewsAv. OTACIL SEVERA AVG
Diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders
Rv. PIETAS AVGVSTAE
Pietas standing left, right hand raised, holding box of incense in left
RIC 130 3,09g Imitation ( Collection AFRIC 130(1) )
Priscus
AF_RIC_127V_MARCIA.jpg
Otacilia Severa 6 viewsAv. MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG
Diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders
Rv. IVNO CONSERVAT
Juno standing left, holding patera and sceptre
RIC - (127v) 3,61g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC 127V(1) )
Priscus
AF_RIC_127V_MARCIA_(2).jpg
Otacilia Severa 7 viewsAv. MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG
Diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders
Rv. IVNO CONSERVAT
Juno standing left, holding patera and sceptre
RIC - (127v) 2,85g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC 127V(2) )
Priscus
AF_OS_RIC_-_IVNO_REGINA.jpg
Otacilia Severa 10 viewsAv. MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG
Diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders
Rv. IVNO REGINA
Juno left (?)
RIC - 2,53g Imitation and Hybrid ( Collection PRISCUS AFOSRIC IVNO REGINA )
Priscus
AF_OS_RIC_-_PANNONIAE.jpg
Otacilia Severa 8 viewsAv. MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG
Diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders
Rv. PANNONIAE
Two Pannonia with Standard
RIC - 2,92g Imitation an Hybrid ( Collection PRISCUS AFOSRIC PANNONIAE )
- Rv. of Trajan Decius -
Priscus
AF_RIC_119b.jpg
Otacilia Severa5 viewsAv. MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG
Diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders
Rv. CONCORDIA AVGG
Concordia seated left, holding patera and cornucopiae
RIC 119b 3,96g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC119(1) )
Priscus
Gordianus_PMTRP_IIII_COS_III_PP_go16_b.jpg
P M TR P IIII COS III P P12 viewsGordianus III. antoninianus
ancient barabaric imitation
...PIVS PEL AVG on obverse (instead of ...FEL...)
...COS III P P on reverse (instead of ...COS II...)
very rare
Tibsi
cavinoveso~0.jpg
PADUAN25 viewsAfter G.Cavino. Imitation Vespasian sestertius. (Cohen I,pg 317,No. 392.)
Laureate head right. IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS / Vespasian lifting kneeling Roma.Behind Roma, Minerva standing right. ROMA RESURGES. In exergue SC,
Early cast. Klawans 3. Lawrence 32.
benito
Domitien_ensemble.jpg
PADUAN, Domitian20 viewsDomitian aftercast paduan .. badly tooled on reverse !
Imitation Sesterce Domitien

Avers : IMP . CAES . DOMIT . AVG . GERM . COS . XII . CENS . PER . P . P
Revers : PONT . MAX . TR . P . VIII LVD . SAEC - S.C. SPQQO . SVF P.D
Diamčtre : 34 mm | Poids : 22 g
Réfs: Klawans 5. Lawrence 40-2

http://www.forumfw.com/t516-faux-sesterce-de-domitien-serie-des-jeux-seculaires

"Cette monnaie est un faux, probablement du XIXe, il est répertorié dans "R. H. LAWRENCE, Medals by Giovanni Cavino", mais sans ętre une monnaie de la main de Cavino. Elle diffčre de l'original romain et du padouan original par quelques détails comme l'inscription "SPQQO" au revers, la puissance tribunitienne de Domitien, l'Egide sur le buste, la totalité des légendes etc etc..." (forumfw .. Fred)

Le mien a été malheureusement retouché (massacrée ? surtout au revers ...) .. En tout cas le gars est a brűlé vif en place public .. Męme pour avoir retouché une imitation !!!!
Vamp
Vitellius_ensemble.jpg
PADUAN, Vitellius38 viewsVitellius aftercast paduan
Imitation Sesterce de Vitellius coulé

Avers : A VITELLIVS GERMANICVS IMP AVG P M TR P. Laureate and draped bust right
Revers : HONOS ET VIRTVS. Honos and Virtus standing facing one another. Exergue : S C
Réfs : Klawans 2; Lawrence 27.
Diamčtre : 38 mm | Poids : 18,7 g

Je le sens bien comme étant une copie moulée d' un vrai Padouan .. (vu également la présence de la tortue et du dauphin sous les pieds d' Honos et Virtus). La difficulté consistant ŕ connaître l' époque du moulage ... lŕ je ne trouve aucuns documents la précisant (c' est peut ętre juste impossible ŕ savoir).
Est ce un moulage de Cavino lui męme ou du moins XVII čme ? (puisqu' il existe bel et bien des "Padouans coulés" ) .. ou un moulage postčrieur jusque XIX čme ? Je pencherai pour cette hypothčse pour celui ci .. c' est tellement difficile de s' y retrouver dans les faux finalement ...

http://www.sesterzio.eu/Cavino/cavino.htm
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=97685.0
Vamp
Mithradates_II~1.jpg
Parthia - Mithradates II (123-88 BCE)10 viewsMetal/Size: AR20; Weight: 4.1 grams; Denomination: Drachm; Mint: Eastern Imitation; Date: 123-88 BCE; Obverse: Long-bearded bust left wearing tiara (T28i) with eight-pointed star, no circle design below diadem; griffin-ended (?) torque. Reverse: Beardless archer (Arsaces) wearing bashlyk and cloak seated right on throne, holding bow in right hand; no border, five line Greek inscription. References: Sellwood #28.1v; Shore #94ff.museumguy
1377.jpg
petraspijk056_23 viewsElagabalus
Petra (Barbarous imitation)

Obv: ...MAV ANTWNN... Laureate head right.
Rev: ... COL... in exergue. Founder, right hand raised, ploughing right with pair of oxen.
23 mm, 4.83 gms

Cf. Spijkerman 56

The crude style, botched legends and light weight all point to a barbarous imitation.
Charles M
NektaneboMed.jpg
PHARONIC KINGS OF EGYPT, Nektanebo II, 360-343 BC40 viewsAE
15 mm (4 mm thick), 4.4 gm
Obv: Ram leaping left, head reverted.
Rev: Scales of Ma'at; countermark with helmeted bust right.
Ref: Weiser 1

A few months ago a friend, upon hearing that I was collecting ancient coins, said he would like to have a coin issued by a pharaoh. Hmm. "I don't think there are any", I replied. I hadn't come across any in my whirlwind but voluminous searching, although I hadn't been searching for such a coin.

Turns out there are some. Nektanebo II, the last native pharaoh of Egypt, issued coins in bronze, gold, and perhaps silver. Prior to that, Egypt did produce some coins for the purpose of international trading-- imitations of Athens, Attica tets, for instance-- but Nektanebo appears to be the first pharaoh to issue coins for local use. Maybe.

Per auction house sales information from half a decade ago, it seems these bronzes were extremely rare. I wonder if a small horde was recently found because the prices have fallen and there are currently six specimens in retail e-stores and at least two more were auctioned off recently.

There is not universal agreement regarding the issuer, purpose, and location of circulation of these coins. Sellers tout it as the "sole pharonic issue"-- I'm sure that boosts desirability-- but it may not be accurate. Hope it is though.

CNG, in the description of this coin (one similar to mine),

Nekht-her-hebet, or Nektanebo II as he was known to the Greeks, was the nephew of Pharaoh Tachos (Djed-her). Placed in command of the Egyptian army in Syria during the Satrapal Revolt, he turned his troops against his own king and took Egypt by force. In 351-350 BC he repelled a Persian invasion but was driven from his throne in 344-343 BC by a second assault. He fled Egypt, found refuge in Ethiopia, and retained control of Upper Egypt for another few years. As the last pharaoh, Alexander sought to connect himself with Nektanebo after conquering Egypt, allowing the rumor that he was in fact his son to spread. Alexander’s connection to the pharaoh lasted, and for years the sarcophagus of Nektanebo II, now in the British Museum, was considered to be Alexander’s own.

The traditional attribution of this issue to Nektanebo, however enticing, has been increasingly contested. Finds of the coins have been consistently noted outside of Egypt. Kevin Butcher has placed the bronzes at Antioch circa 1st century BC, where the leaping ram imagery would fit well.

I wanted this coin for several reasons.

First, well… a pharaoh's coin? That's just cool.

Second, it depicts the Scales of Ma'at. Such a device was used in Jitterbug Perfume, a book by Tom Robbins, one of my favorite authors. In it, at a limbo-like way station, the newly dead have their hearts weighed against a feather. The heart must be light as a feather to move on. I was unaware until seeing this coin that the scene was taken directly from Egyptian mythology.

Third, it is for an almost-finished themed collection I've been working on.

Nektanebo II (translated from Egyptian "Nakhthorheb (meryhathor)" or "Nekht-her-hebet" or "Nekht-harhebi" ; alternate spelling Nectanebo), the last native Egyptian pharaoh, part of the 30th dynasty. His 17 year reign spanned from 360 to 343 BC.
Birth name: Nakht-hor-heb (mery-hathor) “Strong is His Lord Horus, Beloved of Hathor”
Throne name: Snedjem-ib-re Setep-en-inhur “Pleasing to the Heart of Re, Chosen of Onuris”

Additional biographic information about Nektanebo II
http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/nectanebo1.htm

About Ma'at, the Scales of Ma'at, and the weighing of hearts:
http://www.egyptartsite.com/judgement.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maat
http://www.aldokkan.com/religion/hall_maat.htm

4 commentsTIF
AF_RIC_26b(3).jpg
Philip Arab9 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. ADVENTVS AVGG
Philip on horse pacing l., raising r. hand and holding spear
RIC 26b, 3,22g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC26b(3) )
Priscus
AF_RIC_2b(1).jpg
Philip Arab8 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. PM TRP II COS PP
Philip I. seated l. on curcule chair, holding globe and short sceptre
RIC 2, 3,72g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC2B(1) )
Priscus
AF_RIC_2b(2).jpg
Philip Arab6 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. PM TRP II COS PP
Philip I. seated l. on curcule chair, holding globe and short sceptre
RIC 2, 4,21g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC2B(2) )
Priscus
AF_RIC_3.jpg
Philip Arab9 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. PM TRP III COS PP
Felicitas stg. l., holding caduceus and cornucopiae
RIC 3, 4,21g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC3 )
Priscus
AF_RIC_4.jpg
Philip Arab10 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. PM TRP IIII COS II PP
Felicitas stg. l., holding caduceus and cornucopiae
RIC 4, 3,48g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC4 )
Priscus
AF_RIC_5.jpg
Philip Arab7 viewsAv. IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. PM TRP IIII COS II PP
Felicitas stg. l., holding caduceus and cornucopiae
RIC 5, 3,36g, Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC5 )
Priscus
AF_RIC_5(2).jpg
Philip Arab9 viewsAv. IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. PM TRP IIII COS II PP
Felicitas stg. l., holding caduceus and cornucopiae
RIC 5, 2,75g, Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC5(2) )
Priscus
AF_RIC_6.jpg
Philip Arab9 viewsAv. IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. PM TRP V COS III PP
Felicitas stg. l., holding caduceus and cornucopiae
RIC 6, 3,57g, Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC6 )
Priscus
AF_RIC_21(v).jpg
Philip Arab15 viewsAv. IMP MIVL(!) PHILIPPVS AVG
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. SAECVLARES AVGG
Antilope walking left, VI
RIC -, 3,25g, Imitation & Hybrid ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC21(v) )
1 commentsPriscus
AF_RIC_24c.jpg
Philip Arab15 viewsAv. IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. SAECVLARES AVGG
Low column innscribrd COS III
RIC 24c, 4,15g, Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC24c )
Priscus
AF_RIC_25b.jpg
Philip Arab10 viewsAv. IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. SAECVLVM NOVVM
Hexasyle temple containing seated statue of Roma
RIC 25b, 3,95g Imitation or Fake Coin(?) ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC25b )
Priscus
AF_RIC_25b(2).jpg
Philip Arab11 viewsAv. IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. SAECVLVM NOVVM
Hexasyle temple containing seated statue of Roma
RIC 25b, 2,97g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC25b(2) )
Priscus
AF_RIC_26b(1).jpg
Philip Arab9 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. ADVENTVS AVGG
Philip on horse pacing l., raising r. hand and holding spear
RIC 26b, 5,33g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC26b(1) )
Priscus
AF_RIC_26b(2).jpg
Philip Arab10 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. ADVENTVS AVGG
Philip on horse pacing l., raising r. hand and holding spear
RIC 26b, 4,96g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC26b(2) )
Priscus
AF_RIC_26b(4).jpg
Philip Arab11 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. ADVENTVS AVGG
Philip on horse pacing l., raising r. hand and holding spear
RIC 26b, 5,33g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC26b(4) )
Priscus
celtic.jpg
Philip II drachm, Middle and Lower Danube Celtic imitation 30 viewsMiddle and Lower Danube Celtic imitation of Philip II drachm (Herakles/ Zeus & eagle). 3,3g, 19mm.Podiceps
Philip_II_Arrhideus_tetradrachm_Amphipolis,_solidus_13_lot_24,_Feb_16_2014,_€425_,total_€477(_653_49).jpg
Philip II style Kassander or Demetrios tetradrachm29 viewsAmphipolis. "Struck under Kassander or his son, Antipater, 316/5-295/4 BC. Laureate head of Zeus right / Youth, holding palm, on horseback right; below, thunderbolt above Z; dolphin below horse's raised foreleg." or "Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-283 BC. In the name and types of Philip II." or "These late issues attributed to Amphipolis may actually be the earliest Celtic imitations of Philip II's tetradrachms. They exhibit a more formalized style, and Philip's name is sometimes, as on this particular issue, broken after the second." Le Rider pl. 48. SNG ANS 812.Chance Vandal
ostkelten;_Philip_II_tetra.jpg
Philip II tetradrachm. Imitation by Ostkelten, Billon; Horse25 viewsImitation of Philip II tetradrachm. Ostkelten, Billon tetradrachm, 10,7g, 25mm
Obv: Heavily stylished head of Herakles r.
Rev: Heavily stylished horse to left
Podiceps
AF_RIC_218d.jpg
Philip II.6 viewsAv. MIVL PHILIPPVS CAES
Radiate and draped bust right
Rv. PRINCIPI IVVENT
Philipp II. standing left , hold globe und resting on spear
RIC 218d 2,88g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC218d )
Priscus
AF_RIC_218dv.jpg
Philip II.7 viewsAv. IMP PHILIPPVS AVG (!)
Radiate and draped bust right
Rv. PRINCIPI IVVENT
Philipp II. standing left , hold globe und resting on spear
RIC - 3,50g, Imitation and Hybrid ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC218d(v) )
Priscus
AF_RIC_216c.jpg
Philip II. 7 viewsAv. MIVL PHILIPPVS CAES
Radiate and draped bust right
Rv. PRINCIPI IVVENT
Philipp II. standing right , hold globe und spear
RIC 216c 3,94g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC216c )
Priscus
AF_RIC_218d(2).jpg
Philip II.5 viewsAv. MIVL PHILIPPVS CAES
Radiate and draped bust right
Rv. PRINCIPI IVVENT
Philipp II. standing left , hold globe und resting on spear
RIC 218d 2,78g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC218d(2) )
Priscus
AF_RIC_218d(3).jpg
Philip II.6 viewsAv. MIVL PHILIPPVS CAES
Radiate and draped bust right
Rv. PRINCIPI IVVENT
Philipp II. standing left , hold globe und resting on spear
RIC 218d 2,85g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC218d(3) )
Priscus
AF_RIC_223.jpg
Philip II.3 viewsAv. IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. VIRTVS AVGG
Mars, naked, advancing right, carrying spear and trophy over left shoulder, without officina mark 3 (greek)
RIC 223 4,32g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC223 )
Priscus
AF_RIC_231c.jpg
Philip II.4 viewsAv. IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. PAX AETERNA
Pax standing left, holding olivebranch and transverse sceptre
RIC 231c 2,75g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC231c )
Priscus
AF_PII_RIC_-_LIBERALITAS_AVGG_IIII.jpg
Philip II.5 viewsAv. IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. LIBERALITAS AVGG IIII (!)
Philip I+II. seated left on curule chairs side by side, their right hands extended, Philip I also holding short sceptre
RIC - 2,58g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFPIIRIC-LIBERALITAS AVGG IIII )
Priscus
HY_RIC_246A(b).jpg
Philip II.5 viewsAv. MIVL PHILIPPVS CAES
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. AETERNITAS AVGG
Elephant walking left, with driver
RIC - , 3,84g , Imitation and Hybrid ( Collection PRISCUS HYRIC246A(b))
Priscus
AF_PII_RIC_-_LAETITIA_AVGN.jpg
Philip II.6 viewsAv. MIVL PHILIPPVS CAES
Radiate and draped bust right
Rv. LAETITIA AVG N
Laetitia stg. left, holding wreath and rudder
RIC -, 3,66g, Imitation and Hybrid ( Collection PRISCUS AFPIIRIC-LAETITIA AVGN )
Priscus
AF_PII_RIC_-_LAETITIA_AVG.jpg
Philip II.9 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. LAETITIA AVG
Laetitia stg. left, holding wreath and rudder
RIC -, 3,32g, Imitation and Hybrid ( Collection PRISCUS AFPIIRIC-LAETITIA AVG )
(I am not sure about this coin ....Modern-Fake ?)
Priscus
AF_PII_RIC_-_PMTRPVCOSIIPP.jpg
Philip II.8 viewsAv. MIVL PHILIPPVS CAES
Radiate and draped bust right
Rv. PM TRP V COS II PP
Philipp II. standing right , hold globe und spear
RIC - 3,90g Imitation and Hybrid ( Collection PRISCUS AFPIIRIC-PMTRPVCOSIIPP )
Priscus
AF_PII_RIC_-_PMTRPVCOSIIPP(2).jpg
Philip II.6 viewsAv. MIVL PHILIPPVS CAES
Radiate and draped bust right
Rv. PM TRP V COS II PP
Philipp II. standing right , hold globe und spear
RIC - 3,98g Imitation and Hybrid ( Collection PRISCUS AFPIIRIC-PMTRPVCOSIIPP(2) )
Priscus
AF_RIC_218dv(2).jpg
Philip II.6 viewsAv. IMP PHILIPPVS AVG (!)
Radiate and draped bust right
Rv. PRINCIPI IVVENT
Philipp II. standing left , hold globe und resting on spear
RIC - 3,49g, Imitation and Hybrid ( Collection PRISCUS AFRIC218dv(2) )
Priscus
AF_PII_RIC_-_SAECVLARES_AVGG.jpg
Philip II.6 viewsAv. MIVL PHILIPPVS CAES
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. SAECVLARESAVGG
Lion walking right, with I
RIC -, 3,47g, Imitation and Hybrid ( Collection PRISCUS AFPIIRIC-SAECVLARES AVGG)
Priscus
celtic~0.jpg
Philip III of Macedon, 2nd Century B.C. Silver tetradrachm; Danube Region Celtic Imitation36 viewsCelts, Danube Region, Imitation of Philip III of Macedon, 2nd Century B.C. Silver tetradrachm, SGCV I 212, Forrer 336, VF, 13.421g, 28.4mm, 0o, obverse head of Herakles right in lion's head headdress; reverse “LILLII ”(blundered “FILIPPOU”), crude figure of of Zeus enthroned left, eagle in right, long vertical scepter in left; scyphate fabric. Ex FORVMPodiceps
phil2_AE19_6_34g.jpg
Philipp II, AE19 (celtic imitation)57 views19mm, 6.34g
obv: diademed head right
rev: XIΛIΠ...; horseman right, retrograde C below

ex H.D. Rauch
2 commentsareich
PhilistiaOverstruck.jpg
PHILISTIA (PALESTINE), Overstruck Drachm32 viewsPHILISTIA (PALESTINE), Uncertain mint. Mid 5th century-333 BC. AR Drachm (15mm, 3.95 g, 12h). Imitating Athens. Rotated 145 degrees and overstruck with same dies.
O: Helmeted head of Athena right, with profile eye
R: Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig left; all within incuse square.
-Gitler & Tal IX.1D; HGC 10, –.

The Philistian coins belong to a stratum of autonomous municipal coinages that enabled daily trade without being noticed by the Persian administration. The Persian Empire did not care about the fiscal policy of its subjects, so long as the taxes were paid. Obviously, the provincials were free to choose their own coin-types. Like their Northern neighbors in Samaria and Jerusalem, the Philistians adopted the Attic coin standard, and a great many of their coins are imitations of the Attic coins circulating in the Levant.
1 commentsNemonater
phtetrobolOR.jpg
Phoenicia, Arados, Fouree, Betlyon 1138 viewsPhoenicia, Arados, Plated imitation, Circa 380-351/0 B.C. AR Tetrobol, mm, g, imitation of Betlyon 11; SNG Copenhagen 14-8
O: Wreathed head of marine deity right
R: Galley sailing right over waves; all within dotted circular border.
casata137ec
pcount1ORweb.jpg
Plautilla Base Metal Contemporary Counterfeit Denarius, imitation of RIC IV 35922 viewsUnknown “mint”, Plautilla Base Metal Contemporary Counterfeit Denarius, 202 A.D.(?) AE, 18mm 2.60g, imitation of RIC IV 359
O: PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE, draped bust right
R: CONCO(R)DIA AVG(G), Concordia standing left, holding patera and scepter

*I have the actual denarius that this coin was imitating in my Severan Wing - Silver, Billon gallery
casata137ec
imitation_postume_5-3_14g-20mm.JPG
Postume8 viewsSALVS PROVINCIARVM
3.14g
20mm
F P au lieu de P F
PYL
imitation_postume_4-2_04g-21mm.JPG
Postume5 viewsSALVS PROVINCIARVM
2.04g
21mm
PYL
imitation_postume_3-2_93g-18mm.JPG
Postume7 viewsHERCVLI DEVSONIENSI au lieu de HERC DEVSONIENSI
2.93g
18mm
PYL
imitation_postume_2-4_38g-19mm.JPG
Postume8 viewsPAX AVG
4.38g
19mm
PYL
imitation_postume_1-4_82g-26mm.JPG
Postume5 viewsVIRTVS AVG
4.82g
26mm
PYL
1857__CNG_Electronic_Auction_453_#6.jpg
prieur257_2imit0 viewsElagabalus
Syrian Tetradrachm

Obv: AYT K M A (...) CEB, laureate head right.
Re: [ΔH]MAPXεΞYΠA[TOC TOB], Eagle to front, head and tail left, Δ and ε in right and left field, star between legs.
26 mm, 15.35 gms

after Prieur 257--Contemporary imitation(?).

From CNG E-Auction 453, lot 302. From the Michel Prieur Collection.
Charles M
Tmutarakan~8.jpg
Principality of Tmutarakan . Prince Mstislav Vladimirovich Chrabriy 990-1024 . Ć Imitation Miliaresion .41 viewsPrincipality of Tmutarakan . Prince Mstislav Vladimirovich Chrabriy 990-1024 . Ć Imitation Miliaresion .
0.88 g.; 19.5 mm; double struck .
Obverse : Cross crosslet with each limb terminated by a pellet; X at center of cross; two facing busts on either side of cross, both crowned, each with unidentifiable style of dress; row of square pellets in imitation of legend above cross
Reverse : Five (?) rows of irregular square pellets in imitation of legend
Base metal imitation of AR miliaresia of Basil II & Constantine VIII (976-1025 CE) – cf. SBC 1810 for prototype
Golenko 4-5 (for type)
Vladislav D
77F5158E-0DD7-42F0-9BB7-944BDD95F31F.jpeg
Principality of Tmutarakan . Prince Mstislav Vladimirovich Chrabriy 990-1024 . Ć Imitation Miliaresion .15 viewsPrincipality of Tmutarakan . Prince Mstislav Vladimirovich Chrabriy 990-1024 . Ć Imitation Miliaresion .
Obverse : Cross crosslet with each limb terminated by a pellet; X at center of cross; two facing busts on either side of cross, both crowned, each with unidentifiable style of dress; row of square pellets in imitation of legend above cross
Reverse : ? [ Five rows of irregular square pellets in imitation of legend ]
Base metal imitation of AR miliaresia of Basil II & Constantine VIII (976-1025 CE) – cf. SBC 1810 for prototype
Golenko 4-5 (for type)
Vladislav D
00387q00.jpg
Probus7 viewsBarbaric Imitation of an AE-Antoninianus
( )P C PROBVS( ); Radiate head to right
( )IAI; Figure with torch or scepter walking right.
Julianus of Pannonia
8522_8523.jpg
Provincial, Amphipolis, Macedon, AE23, ΑΜΦΠΟΛεΙΤΩΝ7 viewsAE23
Roman Provincial: Amphipolis, Macedon; Ancient Imitation.
Septimius Severus
Augustus: 193 - 211AD
Issued: ?
22.8mm 6.43gr 1h
O: ΑνΤ Κ CεΒΙΡΟC (sic); Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind.
R: ΑΜ-ΦΠΟ-ΛεΙΤΩΝ (sic); Tyche wearing mural crown, seated left, holding patera in outstretched right hand.
Amphipolis, Macedon
Varbanov 3269; Moushmov 6016; BMC 122; Lindren 1010; SNG ANS 197.
VF
Ex: Bertolami Fine Art, Auction 4, Lot 139, 12/5/11.
Agora Auctions Sale 82, Lot 46
2/12/19 3/4/19
Featured on Wildwinds, March, 2019.
Nicholas Z
!BiMO,3!BGk~_(KGrHqUH-D0EsMDIikbrBLNmH6rBPg~~_12.jpg
Rare large silver Indo-Sassanian drachm, 800 -850AD 84 views0.85"- 22mm, ~1200 years old.
Notes: Saurashtra and Gujarat imitations of a Sassanian drachm (800-850 AD)
Stylized bust of the Sassanian Emperor / Stylized fire altar. Nice for the type!!! Rare

Antonio Protti
freeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee2_169.JPG
Rayadhanji I S/o Tamachiji (1666 - 1698) coinage issue:110 viewsRayadhanji I S/o Tamachiji (1666 - 1698) coinage issue:
The first series of coins were introduced in 1586, and consisted of copper trambiyo and dhinglo coins, and silver ˝ and 1 kori coins. The 1 dokdo coin was introduced in 1632, followed by the ˝ trambiyo and Ľ kori coins in 1645, the 25 kori coin in 1854, 5 kori in 1863, 50 and 100 kori in 1866, 3 dokda in 1868, 1˝ dokda in 1869, 2˝ kori in 1875, and 1 dhabu, 1 payalo, 1 adhio, and 10 kori coins in 1943. Kutch currency was replaced by the Indian rupee in 1947 at a rate of 1 rupee = 3˝ Kori.
Currency: Kori = 2 Adlinao = 4 Payalo = 8 Dhabu = 16 Dhinglo = 24 Dokda = 48 Trambiyo = 96 Babukiya.



KM#36 Kori. Year: ND (1666-1698). Weight: 4.46g [4.50g]. Metal: 0.800 Silver. Diameter: 15.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Rotated. Mint: Bhuj.
Note: A close imitation of the coin of Gujarat's ruler Muzaffar Shah III with a dagger to bottom right.

Obverse legend in Urdu: "As-sultan, Muzaffar Shah" with frozen date "٩٧٨" (AH 978). Rao's name: राउ श्री ऱायधणजी (Rao Shree Rayadhanji) in Devnagari at the bottom. Reverse legend in Urdu: "Ar-reman betaid al-muwid shams ad-duniya waud-din abu-Al-nasir" (Son of the world and defender of the Religion by the help and strength of the merciful). Dagger mint mark at the right bottom side. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type with AH 978 frozen date. Ruler: Rayadhanji I.
Antonio Protti
41367imitation_s1917.jpg
Revolt of the Provinces, Time of Ptolemy X Soter II47 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom, Revolt of the Provinces, Time of Ptolemy X Soter II, c. 116 - 80 B.C. Bronze AE 34, Svoronos 1917, obverse encrustation, 17.991g, 34.5mm, 0o, c. 86 - 84 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus Ammon right; reverse barbarous imitation of “ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ”, two eagles standing left on thunderbolts, very crude. A large and very crude imitation of common Zeus obverse, two-eagles reverse type. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
LarryW8027.jpg
RGT, Visigoths in imitation of Valetinian III, AD 425-45596 viewsGold tremissis, 14.15mm, 1.5g, gVF
Struck c. 439-455 at Toulouse
D N FLA VALENTINIANVS P R AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Cross within wreath, COMOB beneath. COA
Ex: Triton X, lot 819 (Imperial issue in error)
RIC X 3721; Reinhart 32-6; Cohen 49
Lawrence W
constantin_II_-_RIC_265_P_imitation.JPG
RIC 265 imitation10 viewsConstantin II
1ere officine
2,27g
16mm
PYL
Crispus_-_RIC_269_S_imitation.jpg
RIC 269 imitation10 viewsCrispus
2e officine
3,35g
18mm
PYL
Crispus_-_RIC_270_S_imitation.JPG
RIC 270 imitation7 viewsCrispus
2e imitation
2,75g
17mm
PYL
Constantin_II_-_RIC_274_P_imitation.jpg
RIC 274 imitation10 viewsConstantin II
1ere officine
1,94g
17mm
PYL
RIC_281-imitation-constantin_Ier_1.JPG
RIC 281 imitation12 viewsConstantin Ier
1ere officine
3,67g
18mm
PYL
Constantin_II_-_RIC_289_P_imitation.jpg
RIC 289 imitation7 viewsConstantin II
1ere officine
2,96g
19mm
PYL
constantin_II_2.JPG
RIC 289 imitation8 viewsConstantin II
1ere officine
19mm
2,5g
PYL
AETOLIA_-_ROMA_COMPARISON.jpg
ROMA - AETOLIA NEW STYLE TETRADRACHM 90/89 BC4 viewsBoth are Xenocles/Harmexenos . The LHS is official and claimed to show ROMA as symbol, whilst the RHS is " seated figure" probably AETOLIA and said to be an imitation.

I have proposed a solution to this conundrum.

Obs : Athena Parthenos right in tri-form helmet
29.9 mm 16.4 gm Thompson issue (new) 75
Thompson catalogue: Obs 1122/Rev 1123 NEW
A stephanophoric tetradrachm
Rev : ΑΘΕ ethnic
Owl standing on overturned panathenaic amphora on
which month mark H/Z control ΣTΕ/ΔΑ below
2 magistrates : XENOCLES HARMOXENOS
RF symbol : ROMA seated
All surrounded by an olive wreath

Obs : Athena Parthenos right in tri-form helmet
29 mm 16.53 gm Thompson issue ( new) 75
Thompson catalogue: IMITATION 1420 var
A stephanophoric tetradrachm
Rev : ΑΘΕ ethnic
Owl standing on overturned panathenaic amphora
on which month mark A control ? below
2 magistrates : XENOCLES HARMOXENOS
RF symbol : AETOLIA ?
All surrounded by an olive wreath
cicerokid
Philippus_I_ROMAE_AETERNAE_ph5_b.jpg
ROMAE AETERNAE20 viewsPhilippus I. antoninianus
Rome mint style
ancient barbarian imitation
Tibsi
coin02a.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, AUGUSTUS - Copper as - Moneyers' series - M Salvius Otho - Rome 7BC30 viewsObv: "CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT" bare hd. of Augustus l.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTHO III VIR AAA FF" around large SC.
III VIR AAA FF - III viri aere argento auro flando feiundo - 3 men, for the casting and striking of copper, silver, and gold.
11.35g - 28mm - s.1685v - RIC 431.
Comment
Sear, both lists and illustrates this coin as head right. Is it a mule, or a limitation of Sear?
jerseyjohnjames
augustus_imitation.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Augustus, Georgian imitation206 viewsaugustus georgian imitation very interesting coin david g2
bpJ1A2AugustusBarbMon.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Augustus, Provincial Imitation126 viewsObv: VGUSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST (sic)
Legend in three lines within oak wreath.
Rev: M SALVIVS OTHO III A A A F F
Legend around large S C (sic)
Dupondius, 9.7 gm 24 mm
Comment: Misspelled Aug. on obverse. Backward S on reverse. From Curtis Clay: "Curiously, standard dupondii of this moneyer seem to be attested ONLY in ancient imitations, BMC p. 44 note, RIC p. 75 note. Presumably these imitations copy an official issue which has not yet come to light, since it seems unlikely that ancient counterfeiters/imitators would create new coin types by switching names on the prototypes they were copying."
1 commentsMassanutten
barbar.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Barbaric Antoninianus coin66 viewsImitation of a roman Antoninian. A wire was fixed on the surface of this coin, a piece of it is still visible. Franz-Josef M
domina.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Barbaric Julia Domna553 viewsJulia Domna --AR Denarius. Contemporary (ancient) imitation. IVLIA DOMINA (sic) AVG. R: Vesta seated left holding palladium and sceptre. 2 commentsfeatherz
Barbaric.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Barbaric VOTA type458 viewsObv: Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left. Unknown legend.

Rev: (Pi) dot XX within laurel wreath. Unknown legend
Exe: Gamma, (reversed "S") T

barbaric imitation of vows coin. Ruler and date unknown.

From the collection of Bluefish
2 commentsBluefish
Barb9128.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Barbarous Constantine I440 views imitation of Constantine I
VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP
vic9128
G.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Barbarous imitation of Roman coin AE11mm123 viewsBarbarous imitation of Roman coin C.300-350AD
UK Metal detector find
Lee S
barb1~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Barbarous VLPP306 viewsimitation of Constantine I
VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP
This is a barbarous coin imitating Constantine’s VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP. The style is very good and the obverse legend is close with CONSTNNT-NSNNG. The reverse is nicely done and the exergue reads ESIS and there is an I on the altar.

from the collection of Victor
My Barbarian Pages
Victor
barb2.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Barbarous VLPP319 viewsimitation of Constantine I
VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP
This is the best barbarian imitative I have seen (in the Siscia style). The style is very good and the legends are almost correct.

collection of Victor
My Barbarian Pages
Victor
Caracalla denarius, unofficial~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, Unofficial denarius617 viewsCaracalla, AD 211-217
AR Denarius - 19mm, 4.15g
unofficial mint, c. 212 AD
laureate bust r.
ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM
Annona seated l., holding wheat ears over modius in r. hand, cornucopia in l.
P M TR P XV COS III P P
ancient imitation

"It is an ancient imitation, as style and composition show. That explains the hybrid titulature, GERM on obv. but only TR P XV on rev.

Rev. appears to be P M TR P XV COS III P P, Annona seated l., holding wheat ears over modius in r. hand, cornucopia in l. " - Curtis Clay
Ardatirion
bpC1E1Barbarous.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA, Barbarous125 viewsObv: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted and cuiirassed bust, left
Rev: Anepigraphic
She-wolf standing, left, suckling Romulus and Remus. Two stars above.
1.4 gm 14.5 mm Mark: • in crescent PLG•
RIC: N/A
Comment: Attributed by Adrian Marsden to a production site suspected to be somewhere in Britian and known for it's high quality imitations. Mimics the style of the reduced weight issues of Arles while carryind a fabricated mintmark of Lugdunum (Lyons).
Massanutten
bpJ1I5ClaudiusAsProv.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Claudius, Provincial Imitation125 viewsObv: CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP
Bare head, left
Rev: S C
Minerva advancing right, brandishing spear and holding shield.
As 10.7 gm 27.8 mm (RIC 100)
Comment: The many imitative coins produced during his reign are a clear indication that Claudius did not maintain the control over his money supply that was evidenced by his predecessors. In this example the crudely lettered obv inscription is missing the leading TI.
Massanutten
normal_ConstantinopolisBarb.png
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantinople Commemmorative w/ Victory Reverse AE4 Barbarous Imitation307 viewsBarbaric imitation of a Constantinople Commemmorative Coin imitating the Siscia mint.

1 commentsGunner
171.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CRISPUS, BARBAROUS IMITATION236 viewsType VIRTVS EXERCIT, with standart VOT X.. really interesting example of imitationRicardo Veltri
big4359.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Elagabalus limes denarius283 viewsElagabalus --AE Denarius. Limes/Barbaric imitation. [ANT]ONINVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / SANCT DEO SOLI, ELAGABAL in exergue, quadriga right bearing stone of Emesa upon which is an eagle; four parasols around. Cf. RIC IV 195; cf. BMCRE 284; cf. RSC 268 featherz
158.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Imitation Arcadius/Honorius145 viewsObv: Diademed Bust Right
Rev: Victory Crowning Emperor
Almost looks good enough to be official except for the garbled legend, and the flan is about as ragged as they come.
Laetvs
152~2.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Imitation Constantine I168 viewsObv: Laureate Bust Left
Rev: Votive
1 commentsLaetvs
BarbFTP2.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Imitation Constantius II253 viewsObv: ...TAN-TIV..., mostly garbled
Rev: Soldier Spearing Falling Horesman, No Legend
TCFLG in exergue
From the collection of Laetvs
Laetvs
BarbFTP1.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Imitation Constantius II287 viewsObv: DNCONSTAN-TIVSPFAG
Rev: Soldier Spearing Falling Horseman,
FEL TEMP REPARATIO
CSLS in exergue
A very skillfully executed imitation. I thought it was official until I saw the mintmark.
Laetvs
BarbMonogram.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Imitation Late Roman Monogram Type234 viewsObv: Jackson Pollock
Rev: Pablo Picasso
10 mm
From the collection of Laetvs
Laetvs