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Search results - "Diocletian"
DIOCLEZ-6.jpg
33 viewsDIOCLETIAN - Potin Tetradrachm - year 2 (285/286)
Ob.: A K Γ ΟΥΑΛ ΔΙΟΚΛΗΤΙΑΝΟC CEB; laureate & draped bust right
Rev.: L B; Alexandria stg. left, holds bust of Serapis and sceptre
gs. 6,7 mm. 19,8
Milne 4781
Maxentius
DIOCLEZ-5.jpg
21 viewsDIOCLETIAN - Potin tetradrachm - Year 3 - 286/287
Ob.: A K Γ OYA DIOKLHTIANOC CEB; laureate and draped bust right
Rev.: ETOYC Γ; Nike walking right holds wreath and palm
gs. 7,8 mm 19,6
Milne 4857
Maxentius
DIOCLET-2.jpg
37 viewsDIOCLETIANVS - AE Follis - Mint of Carthago -298/303 AD.
Obv.: IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right
Rev.: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART, Carthago standing left, holding fruits in both hands, A in ex.
Gs. 7,7 mm. 27,9
Cohen 438, RIC 31a
Maxentius
diocletian_01_t.jpg
13 viewsoa
Diocletian.JPG
26 viewsDiocletian , AD 295 - 296, Antoninianus, Cyzicus MintJon the Lecturer
d_058.JPG
65 viewsC 284C Diocletian Follis. Exe: HT | (delta) Heraclea, AD 293. IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right / CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian. HB between them. Mintmark dot XXI dot. _sold

http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/ric/diocletian/RIC_0284C.3.jpg
Antonivs Protti
rjb_2012_06_08.jpg
12 viewsdiocletian
alexandria
mauseus
6F5CEE77-ACA9-41AF-ACC7-FEF70FA1D78A.jpeg
27 viewsDIOCLETIAN.. Ae follis. Lyons.. 285-ca.310 A.D.

IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG: Laureate bust left

GENIO POPVLI ROMANI: Genius standing left holding patera over altar, - / * in field, PLG in exergue.
2 commentspaul1888
Diocletian_RIC_Rome_105.jpg
1 Diocletian40 viewsDIOCLETIAN
Silvered Follis, Rome, Struck 302-3 AD

IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, bust l. / SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae, star in l. field, RP in ex.

RIC VI Rome 105a gVF
Sosius
Diocletian_RIC_3a_Serdica.jpg
1 Diocletian22 viewsDIOCLETIAN
AE1 Follis (9.63g), Serdica Mint, Struck 303-305 AD
R: GENIO POPVLIA ROMANI, Genius standing l. pouring liquid from patera and holding cornucopia, .SM.SD. in ex., B in r. field
RIC 3a, Officina B-2
Ex Harlan J. Berk
Sosius
Diocletian_RIC_VI_Ticinum_29a.jpg
1 Diocletian21 viewsDiocletian
AE1 Follis.
IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, with patera & cornucopiae, mintmark PT in ex.
Ticinum RIC 29a
Sosius
Diocletian_RIC_VI_Heraclea_12a.jpg
1 Diocletian26 viewsDiocletian
AE1. 294 AD
IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera & cornucopiae, H and officina letter in ex.
Heraclea, RIC VI 12a
Sosius
Diocletian_RIC_106_Cyzicus_hwflip.jpg
1 Diocletian43 viewsDiocletian
AE Antoninianus. Cyzicus mint.
IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate and draped bust right / CONCORDIA MI-LITVM dot , Emperor standing right with parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter holding sceptre, officina letter in lower centre, mintmark XXI dot.
Cohen 33. RIC 106 Cyzicus
1 commentsSosius
Diocletian_Carthage_RIC_31a-sm2.jpg
1 Diocletian32 viewsDiocletian. A.D. 284-305. Æ follis (29.4 mm, 10.61 g, 6 h). Carthage, A.D. 299-303. IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART, Carthage standing left, holding fruit in both hands; A in exergue. RIC 31a. VF, silvered.
Ex Agora Auctions #1 - Nov 2013
Sosius
Diocletian12.jpg
1 Diocletian Pre-Reform Radiate40 viewsDiocletian
AE Antoninianus, 293-295, Antioch, Officina 9
IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA MIL_ITVM, Emperor standing right, short scepter in left hand, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, scepter in left, ED in lower middle field, XXI in exergue
RIC V, Part II, 322
Ex Max Mehl Coins
Ex Andreas Reich

Thanks to FORVM members stinats and Genio Popvli Romani for helping to attribute this coin!
Sosius
rjb_car_fratrescf198.jpg
202cf190 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "CARAVSIVS ET FRATRES SVI"
Jugate busts of Diocletian, Maximianus and Carausius left, Carausius holding spear over shoulder
Rev "COMES AVGGG"
Victory walking left holding wreath and branch
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 202-3)
An interesting variant of the bust type with the spear, compare with the jugate Carausius in the “Best of Type” gallery.
2 commentsmauseus
diocletian13.jpg
Diocletian RIC 13b, Heraclea, 300-301 CE.23 viewsDiocletian AE 20 post reform radiate
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONCORDIA MILI-TVM, Diocletian standing right in military dress, holding parazonium, receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter who is leaning on sceptre. HB in lower center.
23.2 mm., 4.0 g
NORMAN K
diocletian21.jpg
Diocletian RIC 21a, Thessalonica, 300-301 CE.22 viewsDiocletian AE Follis
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: GENIO POPV LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys opver left shoulder, holding patera from which liquid flows and cornucopia.
Mintmark dot TSB dot Thessalonica, 29 mm., 6.9 g.
NORMAN K
2016-11-23.jpg
 Diocletian CONCORDIA MILITVM.14 views20 mm 2.59 grams

Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.
CONCORDIA MILITVM.
Niclas E
rjb_2011_01_01~0.jpg
"Boulogne" (VI) 14a38 viewsDiocletianus
AE Follis
Obv: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Laureate bust right
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
-/-//-
Uncertain continental mint (Boulogne?) operating around the time of the British invasion
RIC (VI) Lyon 14a
mauseus
diocletian_E.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN67 views284 - 305 AD
AE Ant. 21 mm 3.48 g
Obverse: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter presenting Victory on globe to Diocletian, Epsilon below
XII in exe
Antioch
(J.Ryan)
laney
DIOCLETIAN_CONCORDIA_B.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN57 views284 - 305 AD
(struck 290 AD)
AE Ant. 3.64 g 21 mm
O: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM; Diocletian standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter. B in field between them
XXI dot in ex.
Siscia
RIC-256, C-33
(J.Ryan)

laney
DIOCL_IOVI_CON.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN39 views284 - 305 AD
AE 21.5 mm 3.25 g
Obverse: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter presenting Victory on globe to Diocletian, ED below
XII in exe
laney
diocletian_iov_et_herc_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN36 views284 - 305 AD
Struck 285 AD
AE Antoninianus 22 mm max., 2.88 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG - Jupiter standing right holding sceptre and globe, facing Hercules, standing left, with lionskin and club, and holding victory on globe; crescent over G in lower center, XXI in ex
Antioch mint


laney
dioc_iovi_cons_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN38 views284 - 305 AD
Silvered AD Ant. 20 X 23 mm 3.54 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG radiate draped bust right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG Emperor standing receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter; crescent over Z between; XXI in exe.
Antioch mint
laney
diocletian_concor_2_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN36 views284 - 305 AD
struck 295 - 297 AD (as Caesar)
AE 21 mm 2.2 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG radiate cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILILTVM Jupiter preseinging Victory on globe to emperor; KG between
Cyzicus mint
laney
dioclet_conc_1_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN29 views284 - 305 AD
AE Ant. 21 mm 4.91 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG radiate draped bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM Emperor standing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing lert; B below; XXI in exe.
Cyzicus mint
laney
diocl_concord_hd_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN34 views284 - 305 AD
AE Ant. 21 MM, 2.62 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM Emperor standing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left; HD below
laney
diocletian_conserv_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN30 views (0284) DIOCLETIAN
284 - 305 AD
struck 289-290 AD
AE 21.5 X 24.5 mm, 3.49 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG Emperor and Jupiter standing facing, each holding scepter, sacrificing over tripod;
laney
dioclet_iov_et_herc_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN30 views284 - 305 AD
AE 22.5 >> 3.88 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIAVS P F AVG radiate bust right
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG Jupiter holding globe and Hercules holding Victory facing each other; crescent over E in field between; XXI pellet in exe
Antioch mint
laney
diocletian_vot_fk_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN23 views284 - 305 AD
Struck ca. 303 AD
Post reform radiate AE fraction 20.5 mm, 3.06 g
O: IMP C DIOCLETIANANVS P F AVG; radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
R: VOT/XX/FK, all in wreath
Carthage mint
laney
dioclet_elpis_alexandria.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN28 views284 - 305 AD
Struck 292/293 (Year 9)
AE Tetradrachm 20 mm; 8.18 g
O: DIOKLHTIANOC CEB Laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: ENATOY Elpis advancing left, flower upward in right hand, hitching skirt with left,
L in right field; D in exergue
Egypt-Alexandria, Officina 4; Emmett 4046, Curtis 1990; Milne 5086; BMC 2503; Dattari 5675
laney
diocl_alexandrian_billlon_tet.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN10 views284-305 AD.
Dated Year 3 (286/7 AD)
BI Tetradrachm 17.5 X 19.2 mm; 6.79 g
O: Laureate cuirassed bust right
R: Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae; LΓ (date) to right.
EGYPT, Alexandria.
laney
Diocletian_Iovi_Et_Hercu_Cons_silv_ant.jpg
(0284) Diocletian / Iovi Hercu Conser51 viewsSilvered Ant. 22mm 3.45 g
284 - 305 AD
Obv: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Rad Dr Cuir Bust R
Rev: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG
Jupiter stg R hldg globe and scepter; Hercules stg L hldg Victory, club,& lionskin; crescent over H below
XXI in exe; Antioch RIC V 323
Nearly fully silvered
(J.Ryan)
laney
diocletian_alexandria_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN--ALEXANDRIA38 views284 - 305 AD
Struck 286/287 (Year 3)
AE TETRADRACHM 19.5x20.5 mm 8.10 g
O: AKG OVA DIOKLHTIANOC CEB Laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: eagle standing left, head turned right, wreath in beak, ETOYC and star left, "G" (year 3) right;
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
Emmett 4037; Curtis 1969; BMC 2532
laney
GAL_VAL.jpg
(0308) GALERIA VALERIA22 views(2nd wife of Galerius; daughter of Diocletian)
308 - 310 AD
AE FOLLIS 24 mm
O: BUST R
R:VENERI VICTRICI
VENUS STANDING LEFT HOLDING APPLE AND RAISING DRAPERY OVER SHOULDER
laney
GAL_VAL_VENUS_RES.jpg
(0308) GALERIA VALERIA19 views(2nd wife of Galerius; daughter of Diocletian)
Struck 308 - 309 AD
AE 25 mm, 4.87 g
O: GAL VAL-ERIA AVG, Diademed draped bust right
R: VENERI V-ICTRICI, Venus standing left holding apple in right hand, and lifting her veil with left hand, Δ in left field; MKV in exe
Cyzicus RIC 46
laney
rjb_dio_06_09.jpg
(VI) 6a17 viewsDiocletian
IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 6a
mauseus
rjb_2011_03_05.jpg
(VI) 6a imitation20 viewsDiocletian
IM DIOCLETIANVS P AG
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 6a imitation
mauseus
Diocletian.jpg
*SOLD*38 viewsDiocletian AE Follis

Attribution: RIC VI 19a, Thessalonica
Date: 298-299 AD
Obverse: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, laureate bust l.
Reverse: GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI, Genius stg. l., modius on head, with patera & cornucopia, TSA in exergue
Size: 26.8 mm
Weight: 8.98 grams
1 commentsNoah
Dioclet_follis.jpg
002 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), Follis - RIC 85a or 95a20 viewsObv: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate bust right.
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left with modius on head, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Minted in Siscia (*SIS in exe, gamma in right field), officina 3, 295-296 AD.

The two RIC-types 85a and 95a are quite complicated to distinguish. The difference is supposed to be a slight difference in size of the bust.
pierre_p77
Maximiano.jpg
005 - Maximian (second regin 306-308 AD), half follis - RIC 91b44 viewsObv: DN MAXIMIANO FELICISS, laureate bust right in imperial mantle, right hand rised.
Rev: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, holding branch in right hand and leaning on sceptre left.
Minted in Alexandria (gamma in mid field. ALE in exe), officina 3, earlier to mid 308 AD (that is before his second abdication at the conference in Carnuntum). Scarce according to RIC.

The coin type is supposed to honor the senior emperors Diocletian and Maximian after their abdication in 305 AD.
pierre_p77
01-Diocletian-Cyz-306.jpg
01 Diocletian: Cyzicus antoninianus.39 viewsAntoninianus; 284 - 295 AD, Cyzicus mint.
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG / Radiate bust of Diocletian.
Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM / Diocletian standing, holding sceptre, receiving globe (surmounted by Victory) from Jupiter, also standing and holding sceptre. E between them; XXI in exergue.
3.73 gm., 21 mm.
RIC #306; Sear #12635.

Attribution to Cyzicus: The CONCORDIA MILITVM reverse was used extensively by the mints at Siscia, Heraclea, Cyzicus, and Antioch. Siscia had only 3 officina (A B Γ), so that one can be eliminated. Heraclea and Antioch always use P F in the obverse legend (inscription #3), so those two can be eliminated. Pages 210 - 211 of RIC assign to Cyzicus coins with the word MILITVM broken between the I and L.
Callimachus
Dioclet_var.jpg
023 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 184 (unlisted var.)30 viewsObv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules standing facing, head to left, holding club and trophy.
Minted in Rome (XX crescent IA in exe), first officina, 291 AD.

The exergual mark XX crescent IA is not listed in RIC for this type, nor have I found it anywhere else. Possibly unknown var.? If anyone knows an other ex I would be delighted to hear of it.
pierre_p77
Diocletian_ant1.jpg
024 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform antoninianus - RIC 25641 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. CONCORDIA MILITVM, emperor standing right, holding sceptre and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Siscia (B in field, XXI in exe), second officina, 293-295 AD.
pierre_p77
Diocletian_ant5.jpg
025 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 28426 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiated, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. CONCORDIA MILITVM, emperor standing right, holding parazonium and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Heraclea (HA in field, [.XXI. in exe]), first officina, 292 AD

The .XXI. in the exe not visible on this coin. I´m not sure if it ever have bin there. The coin illustrating this type in RIC also missing the exergual mark, but is otherwise very similar to this coin.
pierre_p77
Diocletian_ant6.jpg
026 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 30634 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. CONCORDIA MILITVM, emperor standing right, holding parazonium and receiving Victory om globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Cyzicus (A in field, XXI in exe), first officina.

There is one die matching obv. to this coin on Coinarchives: http://www.coinarchives.com/a/lotviewer.php?LotID=117756&AucID=137&Lot=917 .
pierre_p77
Diocletian_ant2.jpg
027 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 32333 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion´s skin.
Minted in Antioch (* and B in field, XXI in exe), second officina, 285 AD.
1 commentspierre_p77
Diocletian_ant3.jpg
028 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 32328 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion´s skin.
Minted in Antioch (crescent delta in field, XXI in exe), fourth officina, 285 AD.
pierre_p77
Diocletian_ant7.jpg
029 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 32328 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion´s skin.
Minted in Antioch (delta in field, XXI. in exe), fourth officina, 293 AD.
pierre_p77
03-Diocletian-Lon-28a.jpg
03 Diocletian: London follis.19 viewsFollis, ca 300-305 AD, London mint (group III).
Obverse: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG / Laureate and curriassed bust of Diocletian.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Mint mark: (none)
11.20 gm., 28.5 mm.
RIC #28a; Sear unlisted.
Callimachus
Diocletian_ant4.jpg
030 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 32441 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG, emperor standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Antioch (Edelta in field, XXI in exe), nineth officina, 284 AD.
pierre_p77
Diocletian-Lug-RIC-177a.jpg
05 Diocletian: Lugdunum follis.21 viewsFollis, 303-305 AD, Lugdunum mint.
Obverse: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG / Laureate bust of Diocletian facing left.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, altar at feet, chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera, and cornucopiae. Star in right field.
Mint mark: PLC
8.52 gm., 27 mm.
RIC #177a; Sear unlisted.
Callimachus
060.jpg
056 DIOCLETIAN11 viewsEMPEROR: Diocletian
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from back
REVERSE: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding thunderbolt and leaning on sceptre; D in left field.
DATE: 286 AD
MINT: Lugdunum
WEIGHT: 3.74 g
RIC: RIC V-2, 47
Barnaba6
Personajes_Imperiales_9.jpg
09 - Personalities of the Empire53 viewsSaturninus, Carus, Carinus, Urbica, Nigrinianus, Numerianus, Diocletian, Maximian, Carausius, Allectus, Constantius I, Theodora, Galerius and Galeria Valeriamdelvalle
Personajes_Imperiales_9~0.jpg
09 - Personalities of the Empire33 viewsCarinus, Magnia Urbica, Nigrinianus, Numerianus, Diocletian, Maximian, Carausius, Allectus, Constantius I, Theodora, Galerius, Galeria Valeria, Severus II and Maxentiusmdelvalle
09-Diocletian-Lon-RIC-28a.jpg
09. Diocletian.25 viewsFollis, ca 300-305 AD, London mint (group III).
Obverse: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG / Laureate and curriassed bust of Diocletian.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Mint mark: (none)
11.20 gm., 28.5 mm.
RIC #28a; Sear unlisted.
Callimachus
coin219.JPG
105. Marcus Aurelius41 viewsMarcus Aurelius

The joint succession may have been motivated by military exigency. During his reign Marcus Aurelius was almost constantly at war with various peoples outside the Empire. Germanic tribes and other peoples launched many raids along the long European border, particularly into Gaul — Germans, in turn, may have been under attack from more warlike tribes farther east. In Asia, a revitalized Parthian Empire renewed its assault. A highly authoritative figure was needed to command the troops, yet the emperor himself could not defend both fronts at the same time. Neither could he simply appoint a general to lead one assault; earlier popular military leaders like Julius Caesar and Vespasian had used the military to overthrow the existing government and install themselves as supreme leaders.

Marcus Aurelius solved the problem by sending Verus to command the legions in the East. He was authoritative enough to command the full loyalty of the troops, but already powerful enough that he had little incentive to overthrow Marcus. The plan succeeded — Verus remained loyal until his death on campaign in 169. This joint emperorship was faintly reminiscent of the political system of the Roman Republic, which functioned according to the principle of collegiality and did not allow a single person to hold supreme power. Joint rule was revived by Diocletian's establishment of the Tetrarchy in the late 3rd century.

Virtus

In Roman mythology, Virtus was the god of bravery and military strength. His Greek equivalent was Arete. The word, "Virtus" is commonly used in mottos of universities and other entities.

Marcus Aurelius, as Caesar, Denarius. 155-156 AD. AVRELIVS CAES ANTON AVG PII F, bare head right / TR POT X COS II, Virtus, helmeted, standing left, holding parazonium & spear. RSC 703. RIC 468
ecoli
106a.jpg
106a Diocletian. AE follis21 viewsobv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR Moneta std. l. holding scales and cornucopia
ex: -V//AQS
hill132
106b.jpg
106b Diocletian. AE follis19 viewsobv: DN DIOCLETIANO BAEATISS laur. bust r. in imp. mantle, holding branch and mappa
rev: PROVIDENTIA DEDRVM Provid. std. r. extending r. hand to Quies std. l. hlding branch and scepter
ex: (epsilon)/KP//ALE
hill132
106c.jpg
106c Diocletian. AE follis12 viewsobv: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopia
ex: -Z//ANT*
hill132
106d.jpg
106d Diocletian. AE follis 9.8gm21 viewsobv: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG. laur. head r.
rev: GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopia
ex: HT(epsilon)
hill132
106e.jpg
106e Diocletian. AE follis21 viewsobv: IMP C G VAL DIOCLETIANVS F AVG laur. head r.
rev: GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI Genius std.l. modius on head, chlamys over l.
shoulder, holding patera and cournucopia
ex: Kr
hill132
106f.jpg
106f Diocletian. AE tetradrachm16 viewsobv: laur. and cuir. bust r.
rev: Tyche reclining on lectisternium, holding rudder
fld: LA(date)
hill132
119_Diocletianus,_Antioch,_RIC_V-II_322,_AE-Ant_IMP_C_C_VAL_DIOCLETIANVS_P_F_AVG_CONCORDIA_MILI_TVM,_H_XXI,_p-256,_293-5AD_Q-001_0h_21-21,5mm_3,99g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Antioch, RIC V-II 322C, AE-Antoninianus, H//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter, #1100 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Antioch, RIC V-II 322C, AE-Antoninianus, H//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MILI TVM, Emperor standing right, holding short sceptre or parazonium, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding long sceptre.
exerg: H//XXI, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight:3,99g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, date: 293-295 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 322C, p-256,
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILI-TVM_I_XXI_Antioch-RIC-V-II-322-C-p-256_293-295-AD_Q-001_5h_21mm_3,34gx-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Antioch, RIC V-II 322C, AE-Antoninianus, I//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter, #165 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Antioch, RIC V-II 322C, AE-Antoninianus, I//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MILI TVM, Emperor standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: I//XXI, diameter:21mm, weight:3,34g, axes: 5h,
mint: Antioch, date: 293-295 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 322C, p-256,
Q-001
quadrans
119_Diocletianus,_Cyzicus,_RIC_V-II_306A,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_C_VAL_DIOCLETIANVS_AVG,_CONCORDIA_MIL_ITVM_,_A_XXI_,_AD,_Q-001,_1h,_20,5-22,0mm,_3,84g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC V-II 306A, AE-Antoninianus, A//XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM•, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1126 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC V-II 306A, AE-Antoninianus, A//XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM•, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: CONCORDIA MILI TVM•, Emperor standing right, holding short scepter or parazonium, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding long scepter.
exergue: A//XXI•, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight:4,29g, axes: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: A.D., ref: RIC V-II 306A, p-253,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
119_Diocletianus_(284-305_A_D_),_Cyzicus,_RIC_V-II_306,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_C_VAL_DIOCLETIANVS_AVG,_CONCORDIA_MIL_ITVM,_G_XXI,_p-253,_-AD,_Q-001,_6h,_21-21,5mm,_4,29g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC V-II 306C, AE-Antoninianus, Γ//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1124 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC V-II 306C, AE-Antoninianus, Γ//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MILI TVM, Emperor standing right, holding short scepter or parazonium, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding long scepter.
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight:4,29g, axes: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: A.D., ref: RIC V-II 306C, p-253,
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-PF-AVG_CONCORDIA-MIL-ITVM_HE_dotXXIdot_Heraclea-RIC-V-II-284-p-249_292-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_22mm_4,28g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC V-II 284, AE-Antoninianus, HE//•XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,#1280 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC V-II 284, AE-Antoninianus, HE//•XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,#1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MIL ITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian.
exerg: HE//•XXI•, diameter: 22 mm, weight: 4,28 g, axes: 0 h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 292 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 284, p-249,
Q-001
quadrans
119_Diocletianus_(284-305_A_D_),_Heraclea,_RIC_V-II_284,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_C_VAL_DIOCLETIANVS_P_F_AVG,_CONCORDIA_MIL_ITVM,_HE__XXI_,_p-249,_292-AD,_Q-001,_11h,_20-21mm,_3,84g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC V-II 284, AE-Antoninianus, HE//•XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,#2109 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC V-II 284, AE-Antoninianus, HE//•XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,#2
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MIL ITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian.
exerg: HE//•XXI•, diameter: 20,0-21,0 mm, weight: 3,84g, axes: 11h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 292 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 284, p-249,
Q-002
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-DIOCLETIANVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVAT-AVG_XXI-Gamma_Siscia-RIC-V-II-161-p-236_286-7-AD_Q-001_7h_18,5-21,5mm_2,00g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Roma, RIC V-II 161, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//XXIΓ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG, Jupiter standing left, #1165 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Roma, RIC V-II 161, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//XXIΓ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG (5-F), Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVAT AVG, Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: -/-//XXIΓ, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 2,15 g, axes: -h,
mint: Roma, date: 286-7 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 161, p-236,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
119_Diocletianus,_Siscia,_RIC_V-II_255,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_DIOKLETIANVS_AVG,_CLEMENTIA_TEMP,_A_XXI,_288AD,_Q-001,_0h,_22-23mm,_3,48g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 255, AE-Antoninianus, A//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Diocletian and Jupiter standing facing each other, #1144 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 255, AE-Antoninianus, A//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Diocletian and Jupiter standing facing each other, #1
avers: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle (Consular bust), holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right holding spear and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, A between them.
exergue: A//XXI, diameter: 22-23 mm, weight: 3,48 g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 288 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 255, p-247, C-479,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_A-XXIdotIdot_Siscia-RIC-V-II-263-p-247_C-42_289-90-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-7h_23-23,5mm_3,27g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 263, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//AXXI•I•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, Scarce! #192 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 263, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//AXXI•I•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, Scarce! #1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, each holding a sceptre, standing facing each other by an altar.
exerg: -/-//AXXI•I•, diameter: 23-23,5 mm, weight: 3,27 g, axes: 7h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-90 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 263, p-247, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-PF-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVGG_dot-A-dot_XXI-dot-I-dot_Siscia-RIC-V-II-263var-p-247-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_22-24mm_3,18g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 263v, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//•A•XXI•I•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, Scarce! #183 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 263v, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//•A•XXI•I•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, Scarce! #1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, each holding a sceptre, standing facing each other by an altar.
exerg: -/-//•A•XXI•I•, diameter: 22-24 mm, weight: 3,18 g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-90 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 263v, p-247, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_dotAdotXXIdotIdot_Siscia-RIC-V-II-263-p-247_C-42_289-90-AD_Scarce_Q-001_6h_22,5-23mm_3,54g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 263v, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//•A•XXI•I•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, Scarce! #292 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 263v, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//•A•XXI•I•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, Scarce! #2
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian and Jupiter, each holding a sceptre, standing facing each other by an altar.
exerg: -/-//•A•XXI•I•, diameter: 22,5-23 mm, weight: 3,54 g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-90 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 263v, p-247, Scarce!
Q-002
quadrans
119_Diocletianus,_Siscia,_RIC_V-II_263,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_C_VAL_DIOCLETIANVS_P_F_AVG,_CONSERVATOR_AV_G_G,_-_G__XXI_BI_,_289-90_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_22-24mm,_3,68g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 263v., AE-Antoninianus, -/Γ//•XXI•BI•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian, and Jupiter, Scarce! #166 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 263v., AE-Antoninianus, -/Γ//•XXI•BI•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Diocletian, and Jupiter, Scarce! #1
avers: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR AV•(?)G G, Diocletian and Jupiter, each holding a sceptre, standing facing each other by an altar.
exergue: -/Γ//•XXI•BI•, diameter: 22,0-24,0 mm, weight: 3,68 g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-90 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 263v., p-247, Scarce!
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Diocletianus_-RIC-V-II-270_0h_22-23mm_3,55ga-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 270, AE-Antoninianus, A/-//XXI, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, #194 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 270, AE-Antoninianus, A/-//XXI, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG (1-C), Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: A/-//XXI, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,55 g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 287 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 270, p-248,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-AVG_VICTORIA-AVGG_A_XXI_Siscia-RIC-V-II-279-p-249-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_22-23mm_4,09ga-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 279, AE-Antoninianus, A//XXI, VICTORIA AVG G, Diocletian and Maximianus standing facing each other, #189 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II 279, AE-Antoninianus, A//XXI, VICTORIA AVG G, Diocletian and Maximianus standing facing each other, #1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA AVG G, Diocletian and Maximianus standing facing each other, one holds Victory on a globe and the other a transverse sceptre, A between them.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: 22-23 mm, weight: 4,09 g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 292 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 279, p-247, C-479,
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-quinar_IMP-DIOCLETIANVS-AVG_VICTORIA-AVGG_Siscia_RIC-Not-in_Q-001_6h_15,5mm_1,17(2,34)g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II Not in !!!, AE-Quinar, -/-//--, VICTORIA AVG G, Victoria walking right, Very Rare !!!241 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC V-II Not in !!!, AE-Quinar, -/-//--, VICTORIA AVG G, Victoria walking right, Very Rare !!!
avers: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Cuirassed bust with laurel wreath to the right.
revers: VICTORIA AVG G, Victoria walking with wreath and palm branch to the right.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter:15,5mm, weight:1,17(2,34)g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 293-295 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-Not in , p-, Very Rare !!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-AVG_HERCVLI-CONSERVAT_SXXIT_Ticinum-RIC-V-II-215-p-242_288-AD_Q-001_0h_21-21,5mm_3,41g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC V-II 215, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//SXXIT, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Hercules standing right, #1112 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC V-II 215, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//SXXIT, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Hercules standing right, #1
avers:- IMP C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG (5-F), Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- HERCVLI CONSERVAT, Hercules standing right, holding lion skin and leaning on club set on rock.
exerg: -/-//SXXIT, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 3,41 g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 288 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 215, p-242,
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-26_IMP-C-DIO(C)LETIANVS-PF-AVG_GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI_XX-A-over-I_ALE_Alexandria_RIC-VI-32a_p-665_301-AD_NF-001_axis-0h_25-27mm_9,78g-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC VI 032a, AE-Follis, XX|A/I//ALE, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1362 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC VI 032a, AE-Follis, XX|A/I//ALE, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- IMP C DIO(C)LETIANVS P F AVG Laureate head right. Legend error !!!,
revers:- GENIO POP VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo: XX|A/I//ALE, diameter: 25-27mm, weight: 9,78g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 301 A.D., ref: RIC VI 32a, p-665,
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-27_IMP-DIOCLETIANVS-P-F-AVG_SACRA-MONET-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NOSTR_-V_AQP_Aquilea-RIC-VI-31a_p-_301-AD_Q-001_6h_26-27mm_7,73g-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Aquilea, RIC VI 031a, AE-Follis, -/V//AQP, SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1125 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Aquilea, RIC VI 031a, AE-Follis, -/V//AQP, SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1
avers: IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: SACRA MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exergue: -/V//AQP, diameter: 26-27mm, weight: 7,73g, axis: 6h,
mint: Aquilea, date:301 A.D., ref: RIC VI 31a, p-,
Q-001
quadrans
119_Diocletianus,_Heraclea,_RIC_VI_10a,_AR-Argenteus,_DIOCLETI_ANVS_AVG,_VICTORIAE_SARMATICAE,_296_AD_Q-001_0h_18,5-19mm_3,5g-xs.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VI 010e (Not in RIC this Officina), AR-Argenteus, -/-/HЄ, VICTORIAE SARMATICAE, Four Tetrarchs, Very Rare! #1142 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VI 010e (Not in RIC this Officina), AR-Argenteus, -/-/HЄ, VICTORIAE SARMATICAE, Four Tetrarchs, Very Rare! #1
avers: DIOCLETI ANVS AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: VICTORIAE SARMATICAE, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing in front of 6 turreted City gate.
exergue: -/-/HЄ, diameter: 18,5-19,0mm, weight: 3,50g, axis:0h ,
mint: Heraclea, date: 296 A.D., ref: RIC VI 010e (? Not in RIC this Officina), p-, Jelocnik -; RSC 491b, Not in RIC this Officina Very Rare!
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_HA_RIC-VI-13A-p-530_Heraclea_295-296-AD_Q-001_6h_19,5-20,5mm_2,89g-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VI 013A, AE-Antoninianus, HA//--, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter, #183 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VI 013A, AE-Antoninianus, HA//--, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: CONCORDIA MILI TVM, Emperor standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre.
exergue: HA//--, diameter:19,5-20,5mm, weight:2,89g, axes: 0h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 295-296 A.D., ref: RIC VI 013A, p-530,
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-Folis_IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-PF-AVG-_GENIO-POPV-L-I-ROMANI_HTE_RIC-xxx-p-_-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VI 017a, AE-Follis, -/-//HTE, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #185 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VI 017a, AE-Follis, -/-//HTE, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: GENIO POPV L I ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergue: -/-//HTE, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: ,
mint: Heraclea, date: 296-297 A.D., ref: RIC VI 17a, p-531,
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-28_DIOCLETI-ANVS-AVG_VICTORIA-SARMAT_Siscia-RIC-VI-a_Q-001_axis-6h_26,5-28mm_10,18ga-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Rome, RIC VI 019a, AR-Argenteus, -/-/--, VICTORIA SARMAT, Four Tetrarchs, #1120 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Rome, RIC VI 019a, AR-Argenteus, -/-/--, VICTORIA SARMAT, Four Tetrarchs, #1
avers: DIOCLETI ANVS AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: VICTORIA SARMAT, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing in front of 6 turreted City gate.
exergue: -/-/--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: ,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC VI 019a, p-, C-488e,
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AR-Arg_DIOCLETI-ANVS-AVG_VIRTVS-MILITVM_B_Rome-RIC-VI-40a_C-516g_295-97-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Rome, RIC VI 040a, AR-Argenteus, -/-//B, VIRTVS MILITVM, Four Tetrarchs, #1113 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Rome, RIC VI 040a, AR-Argenteus, -/-//B, VIRTVS MILITVM, Four Tetrarchs, #1
avers: DIOCLETI ANVS AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: VIRTVS MILITVM, Four tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod before city gate with six turrets.
exergue: -/-//B, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: ,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC VI 040a, p-, C-516g,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Diocletianus_AE-26_IMP-C-DIOCLETIANVS-PF-AVG-_GENIO-POP_VLI-ROMANI-l_f_gamma_star-SIS_Siscia-xxx-RIC-xxx-_Q-001_26mm_x,xxga-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI , AE-Follis, -/Γ/*SIS, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1148 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI , AE-Follis, -/Γ/*SIS, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers: IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: GENIO POP VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergue: -/Γ/*SIS, diameter: 26mm, weight: g, axis: ,
mint: Siscia, date: A.D., ref: RIC VI-, p-,
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-28_Follis_IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-PF-AVG_GENIO-POP_VLI-ROMANI-S-B_Siscia-RIC-VI-76a_p-464_Q-001_axis-0h_26,5-28mm_8,73g-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 076a, AE-Follis, S/B/--, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1133 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 076a, AE-Follis, S/B/--, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: GENIO POP VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergue: S/B/--, diameter: 26,5-28mm, weight: 8,73g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: A.D., ref: RIC VI 76a, p-464,
Q-001
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Diocletianus_AE-27_IMP-C-DIOCLETIANVS-PF-AVG_GENIO-POP-VLI-ROMANI_l_f_S-r_f_B_Siscia-RIC-VI-76a_p-464_Q-002_7h_27mm_10,29g-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 076a, AE-Follis, S/B/--, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #2101 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 076a, AE-Follis, S/B/--, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #2
avers: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: GENIO POP VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergue: S/B/--, diameter: 27mm, weight: 10,29g, axis: 7h,
mint: Siscia, date: A.D., ref: RIC VI 76a, p-464,
Q-002
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Diocletianus_AE-28_IMP-C-DIOCLETIANVS-PF-AVG_GENIO-POP_VLI-ROMANI-S-gamma_Siscia-RIC-VI-79a_Q-001_axis-6h_26,5-28mm_10,18g-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 079a, AE-Follis, S/Γ/--, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1104 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 079a, AE-Follis, S/Γ/--, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: GENIO POP VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergue: S/Γ/--, diameter: 26,5-28mm, weight: 10,18g,axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 305 A.D., ref: RIC VI 79a, p-,
Q-001
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Diocletianus_AE-27_Siscia-RIC-VI-134a_p-469_301-AD_Q-001_6h_27-29mm_8,58g-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 134a, AE-Follis, */Γ/SIS, SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1102 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 134a, AE-Follis, */Γ/SIS, SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1
avers: IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: SACRA MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exergue: */Γ/SIS, diameter: 27-29mm, weight: 5,85g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date:301 A.D., ref: RIC VI 134a, p-469,
Q-001
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Diocletianus_AE-29_IMP-DIOCLETIANVS-P-F-AVG_SACRA-MONET-AVG-G-ET-CAES-S-NOSTR_-A_CrescSIS_Siscia-RIC-VI-138a_var__p-469_303-AD_Q-001_1h_28-29,5mm_9,56-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 138a, AE-Follis, -/A/ᴗSIS, SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1130 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 138a, AE-Follis, -/A/ᴗSIS, SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1
avers: IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: SACRA MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exergue: -/A/ᴗSIS, diameter: 28,0-29,5mm, weight: 9,56g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date:303 (?) A.D., ref: RIC VI 138a, p-469,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
12-Constantius-I-Lon-RIC-14a.jpg
12. Constantius I.32 viewsFollis, ca 298-300 AD, London mint (group II).
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB C / Laureate and curiassed bust of Constantius I.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Mint mark: (none)
9.71gm., 27 mm.
RIC # 14a; Sear #14034 (this coin !).

Although RIC lists these last four coins (Diocletian, Maximian, Galerius, and Constantius I) with other coins minted in London, a careful reading of the introduction to the mint of London (vol. VI, p. 113-122) shows the editors of RIC had serious reservations about this attribution.

The unmarked folles -- ie without a mint mark in the exergue -- can be divided into three groups. After many years of careful study, group I has been attributed to Lugdunum (Lyon, France), and groups II and III to Britain.

Of group II, RIC says (p. 115), " It is possible that the unmarked II coins were produced in Britain either from a travelling mint, or even from the "C" (Camulodunum?) mint of Carausius and Allectus, with which there are perhaps some stylistic affinities: the period of issue would fall from c. 298 onwards, perhaps until c. 300 or later."

Of group III, RIC says (p. 115), " The unmarked III coins are in everyway more sophisticated in style, and it may well be that they were produced at London, though lack of signature would be difficult to account for: probably it is best to class them as a British series which, for reasons unknown to us, was struck elsewhere. Their date is between 300 and 305."
Callimachus
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-_IMP-MAXIMIANVS-P-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVATORI_RIC-V-II--p_C-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_16mm_1,42g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II Not in, AE-Quinarius, -/-//--, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, Extremly Rare!97 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II Not in, AE-Quinarius, -/-//--, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, Extremly Rare!
avers:- IMP MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONS ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16mm, weight: 1,42g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia , date: 285-286 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-Not in, C-Not in,
Q-001

"The quinar of maximianus you last showed is also of Siscia mint.
Your coin is the 2nd known.
Paris has another coin in outstanding condition with the same set of dies.
Companions coins for Diocletian also exist. One of them is published and illustrated in Cathy King's publication on Roman Quinarii > Siscia 2 a ( Zagreb collection ) with the same reverse die as your coin !
All these quinarii from Siscia with larger busts ( in my opinion datation around 288-9 AD ) are very rare." by Helveticus, Thank you Helveticus
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Galeria-Valeria_AE-26_-RIC-VI-63_Heraclea-3rd-off__Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Heracleia, RIC VI 063, -/Crescent//HTΓ, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left,132 views123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Heracleia, RIC VI 063, -/Crescent//HTΓ, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left,
Galeria-Valeria, daughter of Diocletian and wife of Galerius,.
avers:- GAL-VAL-ERIA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right.
revers:- VENERI-V-ICTRICI, Venus standing left, holding apple and raising skirt, Crescent right field.
exergo: -/Crescent//HTΓ, diameter: 26mm, weight: 6,08g, axis: h,
mint: Heracleia, date: 311 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-63, 3rd-off., C-,
Q-001
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Galeria-Valeria_AE-26_GAL-VALERIA-AVG_VENERI-V-ICTRICI_star-A__SM_SD__Serdica-315-RIC-41_Q-001_26mm_6_08g-s.jpg
123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Serdica, RIC VI 041, */A//•SM•SD•, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, 407 views123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Serdica, RIC VI 041, */A//•SM•SD•, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left,
Galeria-Valeria, daughter of Diocletian and wife of Galerius,.
avers:- GAL-VALERIA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right.
revers:- VENERI-V-ICTRICI, Venus standing left, holding apple and raising skirt, * left, A right.
exergo: */A//•SM•SD•, diameter: 26mm, weight: 6,08g, axis: h,
mint: Serdica, date: 307-308 A.D., ref: RIC-41-1st-off., C-,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Galeria-Valeria_AE-26_GAL-VALERIA-AVG_VENERI-V-ICTRICI_star-A__SM_SD__Serdica-307-308-RIC-41-1st-off__Q-002_6h_26,5mm_5,37g-s.jpg
123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Serdica, RIC VI 041, */A//•SM•SD•, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, #2109 views123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Serdica, RIC VI 041, */A//•SM•SD•, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, #2
Galeria-Valeria, daughter of Diocletian and wife of Galerius,.
avers:- GAL-VALERIA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right.
revers:- VENERI-V-ICTRICI, Venus standing left, holding apple and raising skirt, * left, A right.
exergo: */A//•SM•SD•, diameter: 26,5mm, weight: 5,37g, axis: 6h,
mint: Serdica, date: 307-308 A.D., ref: RIC-41-1st-off., C-,
Q-001
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Galeria-Valeria_AE-26_GAL-VA-LERIA-AVG_VENERI-VICTRICI_crescent-Gamma_SIS_Siscia-310-311_RIC-211-3rd-off_C-_Q-002_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 211, Crescent/Γ// SIS, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left,142 views123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 211, Crescent/Γ// SIS, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left,
Galeria-Valeria, daughter of Diocletian and wife of Galerius, AE-26 Follis
avers:- GAL-VALERIA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right.
revers:- VENERI-V-ICTRICI, Venus standing left, holding apple and raising skirt, crescent left, Γ right.
exergo: Crescent/Γ// SIS, diameter: 23-25mm, weight: 7,13g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: 307-310 A.D., ref: RIC-211var-3rd.off, C-,
Q-002
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Galeria-Valeria_AE-26_GAL-VA-LERIA-AVG_VENERI-VICTRICI_crescent-A_SIS_Siscia-310-311_RIC-211-3rd-off_C-_Q-003_5h_24,5-25,5mm_7,09g-s.jpg
123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 211, Crescent/A//SIS, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, #383 views123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 211, Crescent/A//SIS, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, #3
Galeria-Valeria, daughter of Diocletian and wife of Galerius, AE-26 Follis
avers:- GAL-VALERIA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right.
revers:- VENERI-V-ICTRICI, Venus standing left, holding apple and raising skirt, crescent left, E right.
exergo: Crescent/A// SIS, diameter: 24,5-25,5mm, weight: 7,09g, axis: 5h,
mint: Siscia, date: 309-310 A.D., ref: RIC-211var-.off, C-,
Q-003
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Galeria-Valeria_AE-26_GAL-VALERIA-AVG_VENER-I-VICTRICI_Crescent-Epsilon_SIS_Siscia-309-310-RIC-VI-211_p-480_5th-off__Q-001_0h_24-26mm_6,61g-s.jpg
123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 211, Crescent/E//SIS, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left,151 views123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 211, Crescent/E//SIS, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left,
Galeria-Valeria, daughter of Diocletian and wife of Galerius, AE-26 Follis
avers:- GAL-VALERIA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right.
revers:- VENERI-V-ICTRICI, Venus standing left, holding apple and raising skirt, crescent left, E right.
exergo: Crescent/E// SIS, diameter: 24-26mm, weight: 6,61g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 309-310 A.D., ref: RIC-211var-5th.off, C-,
Q-002
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Galeria-Valeria_AE-26_GAL-VA-LERIA-AVG_VENERI-VICTRICI_crescent-Gamma_SIS_Siscia-309-310_RIC-211_C--_Q-001_26mm_4,98g-s.jpg
123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 211var Not in RIC, Crescent/Γ// SIS, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left,148 views123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 211var Not in RIC, Crescent/Γ// SIS, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left,
Galeria-Valeria, daughter of Diocletian and wife of Galerius, AE-26 Follis
avers: GAL VAL ERIA AVG, Diademed, decorated draped bust right. The robe around the neck of interesting shapes (some of Victoria ??) can be seen.
reverse: VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, holding the apple and raising skirt, crescent left, Γ right.
exergue: Crescent/Γ// SIS, diameter: 26mm, weight: 4,98g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 307-310 A.D., ref: RIC-211var-3rd.off, C-, this bust Not in RIC !!!
Q-001
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14-Gordian-III-RIC-116.jpg
13. Gordian III / RIC 116.24 viewsDenarius, 240 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Laureate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: VIRTVTI AVGVSTI / Hercules standing, resting right hand on hip and left hand club set on rock; lion-skin beside club.
3.58 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #116; Sear #8684.

The chronology of the denarii coinage of Gordian III has been poorly understood because Roman Imperial Coinage (RIC) has it mixed up in its listings. For example, it will tell you that 5 denarii (Diana, Pietas, Salus, Securitas, and Venus) were issued in the summer of 241 to commemorate the marriage of Gordian and Tranquillina. Recent thinking tells another entirely different story. The following summary is based on a posting by Curtis Clay, November 25, 2011, on the Forum Ancient Coins Classical Numismatics Discussion Board.
Although antoniniani were issued for a while under Caracalla and Elagabalus, the denarius was the standard silver denomination throughout the reigns of Severus Alexander, Maximinus Thrax, and into the first part of the joint reign of Balbinus & Pupienus. (This, by the way, is when the PIETAS AVGG denarius of Gordian as Caesar was issued.) Sometime during the short reign of Balbinus & Pupienus, the antoninianus supplanted the denarius as the standard silver denomination. When Gordian III became emperor (July 238), his administration continued to follow the then current practice of issuing only antoniniani.

Early in 240, Gordian apparently decided to revert back to the traditional coinage of the Empire and began to issue only denarii. The denarii issued at this time were the following:

P M TR P III COS P P / Horseman
DIANA LVCIFERA
PIETAS AVGVSTI
SALVS AVGVSTI
SECVRITAS PVBLICA
VENVS VICTRIX

No antoniniani exist with these reverse types.

The next issue of denarii was issued in the summer of 240 after Gordian became COS II, and consists of these types:

P M TR P III COS II P P / Emperor standing
P M TR P III COS II P P / Apollo seated
AETERNITATI AVG
IOVIS STATOR
LAETITIA AVG N
VIRTVTI AVGVSTI

Within a short time, however, it was decided to go back to having the antoninianus as the standard silver denomination. Antoniniani were issued again, at first with the same reverse types as the second issue of denarii. That is why these reverse types exist on denarii and antoniniani even though they were not issued at the same time.

So the period the mint issued denarii rather than antoniniani as the standard silver denomination lasted from about March through August, 240. This was the last time denarii were issued for general circulation. The antoninianus lasted until Diocletian’s coinage reform of 295, after which Roman coinage was so vastly different that there was no question of returning to the denarius.

The 13 denarii of Gordian III are presented in this album in this order:
Gordian III as Caesar denarius - 1 coin.
First issue of denarii - 6 coins.
Second issue of denarii - 6 coins.
Callimachus
DiocleAnt.jpg
1301a, Diocletian, 284-305 A.D. (Antioch)94 viewsDIOCLETIAN (284 – 305 AD) AE Antoninianus, 293-95 AD, RIC V 322, Cohen 34. 20.70 mm/3.1 gm, aVF, Antioch. Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust right, draped & cuirassed; Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian, I/XXI. Early Diocletian with dusty earthen green patina.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
DicletianConcordCyz.jpg
1301b, Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D.59 viewsDiocletian. RIC V Part II Cyzicus 256 var. Not listed with pellet in exegrue
Item ref: RI141f. VF. Minted in Cyzicus (B in centre field, XXI dot in exegrue)Obverse:- IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter.
A post reform radiate of Diocletian. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

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Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


Cleisthenes
MaxHercRIC5iiRome.jpg
1302a, Maximian, 285 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.47 viewsMaximianus AE Antoninianus. RIC V Part II 506 Bust Type C. Cohen 355; VF; Minted in Rome A.D. 285-286. Obverse: IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right; Rverse: IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt & scepter, XXIZ in exergue. Ex maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D.

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Perhaps born ca. 249/250 A.D. in Sirmium in the area of the Balkans, Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Maximianus Herculius (Maximian), had been a soldier before he put on the purple. A fellow soldier with the Emperor Diocletian, he had served in the military during the reigns of Aurelian and Probus.

When the Emperor Diocletian determined that the empire was too large for one man to govern on his own, he made Maximian his Caesar in 285/6 and elevated him to the rank of Augustus in perhaps the spring of 286. While Diocletian ruled in the East, Maximian ruled in the West. In 293, in order to maintain and to strengthen the stability of the empire, Diocletian appointed Constantius I Chlorus to serve Maximian as a Caesar in the West, while Galerius did the same job in the East. This arrangement, called the "Tetrarchy", was meant not only to provide a stronger foundation for the two emperors' rule, but also to end any possible fighting over the succession to the throne once the two senior Augusti had left the throne--a problem which had bedeviled the principate since the time of the Emperor Augustus. To cement the relationship between Maximian and his Caesar, Constantius married Maximian's elder daughter Theodora. A decade later, Constantius' son Constantine would marry Maximia's younger daughter Fausta.

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximian, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple. Their resignations seem largely due to the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian seems to have forced his colleague to abdicate. In any case, Herculius had sworn an oath at the temple of Capitoline Jupiter to carry out the terms of the abdication. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Diocletian's retirement was at Salonae in Dalmatia, while Herculius' retreat was either in Lucania or Campania.

Maximian's retirement, however, was of short duration because, a little more than a year later on 28 October 306, his son Maxentius was proclaimed emperor at Rome. To give his regime an aura of legitimacy, Maximian was forced to affirm his son's acclamation. When Galerius learned of Maxentius' rebellion, he sent Severus against him with an army that had formerly been under his father's command. Maxentius invested his father with the purple again to win over his enemy's troops, a ruse which succeeded. Perhaps to strengthen his own position, in 307 Maximian went to Gaul and married his daughter Fausta to Constantine. When Constantine refused to become embroiled in the civil war between Galerius and Maxentius, Maximian returned to Rome in 308 and attempted to depose his son; however, he did not succeed. When Maximian was unable to convince Diocletian to take up the purple again at a meeting in Carnuntum in late 308, he returned to his son-in-law's side in Gaul.

Although Maximian was treated with all of the respect due a former emperor, he still desired to be more than a figurehead. He decided to seize the purple from Constantine when his son-in-law least expected it. His opportunity came in the summer of 310 when the Franks revolted. When Constantine had taken a small part of his army into enemy territory, Maximian proclaimed himself again emperor and paid the soldiers under his command a donative to secure their loyalty. As soon as Constantine received news about Maximian's revolt in July 310, he went south and reached Arelate before his father-in-law could mount a defense of the city. Although Maximian fled to Massilia, his son-in-law seized the city and took Maximian prisoner. Although he was deprived of the purple, he was granted pardon for his crimes. Unable to endure the humiliation of his defeat, he attempted to have Constantine murdered in his bed. The plot failed because he tried to get his daughter Fausta's help in the matter; she chose to reveal the matter to her husband. Because of this attempt on his son-in-law's life Maximian was dead by the end of July either by his own hand or on the orders of his intended victim.

Eutropia was of Syrian extraction and her marriage to Maximian seems to have been her second. She bore him two children: Maxentius and Fausta. An older daughter, Theodora, may have been a product of her first marriage. Fausta became the wife of Constantine I , while her sister Theodora was the second spouse of his father Constantius I Chlorus . Eutropia apparently survived all her children, with the possible exception of her daughter Fausta who seems to have died in 326. Eutropia is also said to have become a Christian.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Max.jpg
1302b, Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D., commemorative issued by Constantine the Great (Siscia)55 viewsMaximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D., commemorative issued by Constantine the Great. Bronze AE3, RIC 41, VF, Siscia, 1.30g, 16.1mm, 0o, 317-318 A.D. Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, laureate and veiled head right; Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMO-RVM MERITORVM, Emperor seated left on curule chair, raising hand and holding scepter, SIS in exergue; scarce (R3).


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D.

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Perhaps born ca. 249/250 A.D. in Sirmium in the area of the Balkans, Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Maximianus Herculius (Maximian), had been a soldier before he put on the purple. A fellow soldier with the Emperor Diocletian, he had served in the military during the reigns of Aurelian and Probus.

When the Emperor Diocletian determined that the empire was too large for one man to govern on his own, he made Maximian his Caesar in 285/6 and elevated him to the rank of Augustus in perhaps the spring of 286. While Diocletian ruled in the East, Maximian ruled in the West. In 293, in order to maintain and to strengthen the stability of the empire, Diocletian appointed Constantius I Chlorus to serve Maximian as a Caesar in the West, while Galerius did the same job in the East. This arrangement, called the "Tetrarchy", was meant not only to provide a stronger foundation for the two emperors' rule, but also to end any possible fighting over the succession to the throne once the two senior Augusti had left the throne--a problem which had bedeviled the principate since the time of the Emperor Augustus. To cement the relationship between Maximian and his Caesar, Constantius married Maximian's elder daughter Theodora. A decade later, Constantius' son Constantine would marry Maximia's younger daughter Fausta.

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximian, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple. Their resignations seem largely due to the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian seems to have forced his colleague to abdicate. In any case, Herculius had sworn an oath at the temple of Capitoline Jupiter to carry out the terms of the abdication. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Diocletian's retirement was at Salonae in Dalmatia, while Herculius' retreat was either in Lucania or Campania.

Maximian's retirement, however, was of short duration because, a little more than a year later on 28 October 306, his son Maxentius was proclaimed emperor at Rome. To give his regime an aura of legitimacy, Maximian was forced to affirm his son's acclamation. When Galerius learned of Maxentius' rebellion, he sent Severus against him with an army that had formerly been under his father's command. Maxentius invested his father with the purple again to win over his enemy's troops, a ruse which succeeded. Perhaps to strengthen his own position, in 307 Maximian went to Gaul and married his daughter Fausta to Constantine. When Constantine refused to become embroiled in the civil war between Galerius and Maxentius, Maximian returned to Rome in 308 and attempted to depose his son; however, he did not succeed. When Maximian was unable to convince Diocletian to take up the purple again at a meeting in Carnuntum in late 308, he returned to his son-in-law's side in Gaul.

Although Maximian was treated with all of the respect due a former emperor, he still desired to be more than a figurehead. He decided to seize the purple from Constantine when his son-in-law least expected it. His opportunity came in the summer of 310 when the Franks revolted. When Constantine had taken a small part of his army into enemy territory, Maximian proclaimed himself again emperor and paid the soldiers under his command a donative to secure their loyalty. As soon as Constantine received news about Maximian's revolt in July 310, he went south and reached Arelate before his father-in-law could mount a defense of the city. Although Maximian fled to Massilia, his son-in-law seized the city and took Maximian prisoner. Although he was deprived of the purple, he was granted pardon for his crimes. Unable to endure the humiliation of his defeat, he attempted to have Constantine murdered in his bed. The plot failed because he tried to get his daughter Fausta's help in the matter; she chose to reveal the matter to her husband. Because of this attempt on his son-in-law's life Maximian was dead by the end of July either by his own hand or on the orders of his intended victim.

Eutropia was of Syrian extraction and her marriage to Maximian seems to have been her second. She bore him two children: Maxentius and Fausta. An older daughter, Theodora, may have been a product of her first marriage. Fausta became the wife of Constantine I , while her sister Theodora was the second spouse of his father Constantius I Chlorus . Eutropia apparently survived all her children, with the possible exception of her daughter Fausta who seems to have died in 326. Eutropia is also said to have become a Christian.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
GaleriusAugCyz.jpg
1303a, Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.35 viewsGalerius, RIC VI 59, Cyzicus S, VF, Cyzicus S, 6.4 g, 25.86 mm; 309-310 AD; Obverse: GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate bust right; Reverse: GENIO A-VGVS[TI], Genius stg. left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae. A nice example with sharp detail and nice brown hoard patina. Ex Ancient Imports.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Galerius (305-311 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University


Caius Galerius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Galerius, was from Illyricum; his father, whose name is unknown, was of peasant stock, while his mother, Romula, was from beyond the Danube. Galerius was born in Dacia Ripensis near Sardica. Although the date of his birth is unknown, he was probably born ca. 250 since he served under Aurelian. As a youth Galerius was a shepherd and acquired the nickname Armentarius. Although he seems to have started his military career under Aurelian and Probus, nothing is known about it before his accession as Caesar on 1 March 293. He served as Diocletian's Caesar in the East. Abandoning his first wife, he married Diocletian's daugher, Valeria.

As Caesar he campaigned in Egypt in 294; he seems to have taken to the field against Narses of Persia, and was defeated near Ctesiphon in 295. In 298, after he made inroads into Armenia, he obtained a treaty from the Persians favorable to the Romans. Between 299-305 he overcame the Sarmatians and the Carpi along the Danube. The Great Persecution of the Orthodox Church, which was started in 303 by the Emperor Diocletian, was probably instigated by Galerius. Because of the almost fatal illness that he contracted toward the end of 304, Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximianus Herculius, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple on 1 May 305. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. Constantius and Severus reigned in the West, whereas Galerius' and Daia's realm was the East. Although Constantius was nominally senior Augustus, the real power was in the hands of Galerius because both Caesars were his creatures.

The balance of power shifted at the end of July 306 when Constantius, with his son Constantine at his side, passed away at York in Britain where he was preparing to face incursions by the Picts; his army proclaimed Constantine his successor immediately. As soon as he received the news of the death of Constantius I and the acclamation of Constantine to the purple, Galerius raised Severus to the rank of Augustus to replace his dead colleague in August 306. Making the best of a bad situation, Galerius accepted Constantine as the new Caesar in the West. The situation became more complicated when Maxentius, with his father Maximianus Herculius acquiesing, declared himself princes on 28 October 306. When Galerius learned about the acclamation of the usurper, he dispatched the Emperor Severus to put down the rebellion. Severus took a large field army which had formerly been that of Maximianus and proceeded toward Rome and began to besiege the city, Maxentius, however, and Maximianus, by means of a ruse, convinced Severus to surrender. Later, in 307, Severus was put to death under clouded circumstances. While Severus was fighting in the west, Galerius, during late 306 or early 307, was campaigning against the Sarmatians.

In the early summer of 307 Galerius invaded Italy to avenge Severus's death; he advanced to the south and encamped at Interamna near the Tiber. His attempt to besiege the city was abortive because his army was too small to encompass the city's fortifications. Not trusting his own troops, Galerius withdrew. During its retreat, his army ravaged the Italian countryside as it was returning to its original base. When Maximianus Herculius' attempts to regain the throne between 308 and 310 by pushing his son off his throne or by winning over Constantine to his cause failed, he tried to win Diocletian and Galerius over to his side at Carnuntum in October and November 308; the outcome of the Conference at Carnuntum was that Licinius was appointed Augustus in Severus's place, that Daia and Constantine were denoted filii Augustorum, and that Herculius was completely cut out of the picture. Later, in 310, Herculius died, having been implicated in a plot against his son-in-law. After the Conference at Carnuntum, Galerius returned to Sardica where he died in the opening days of May 311.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University; Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Galerius was Caesar and tetrarch under Maximianus. Although a talented general and administrator, Galerius is better known for his key role in the "Great Persecution" of Christians. He stopped the persecution under condition the Christians pray for his return to health from a serious illness. Galerius died horribly shortly after. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.



Cleisthenes
Constantius1_silvered_follis.jpg
1304a, Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.48 viewsSilvered follis, RIC 20a, S 3671, VM 25, gVF, Heraclea mint, 10.144g, 27.7mm, 180o, 297 - 298 A.D. Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; Reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over shoulder, cornucopia in left, pouring liquor from patera, HTD in exergue; some silvering, nice portrait, well centered.



De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Constantius I Chlorus (305-306 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Constantius' Early Life and Marriage

Born March 31st, Emperor Flavius Valerius Constantius may have come into the world ca. 250. His family was from Illyricum. In the army he served as a protector, tribunus, and a praeses Dalmatiarum. During the 270s or the 280s, he became the father of Constantine by Helena, his first spouse. By 288 he was the Praetorian Prefect of the western emperor Maximianus Herculius.

Constantius' Reign as Caesar

On 1 March 293 Diocletian appointed Galerius as his Caesar (junior emperor) in the east and Constantius as the Caesar of Maximianus Herculius. Caesar in the west. Both Caesars had the right of succession. In order to strengthen the dynastic relationship between himself and Herculius., Constantius put aside his wife Helena and married Theodora, the daughter, or perhaps stepdaughter, of Maximianus Herculius.. The union was fruitful and of it there were six issue: Flavius Dalmatius, Julius Constantius, Hannibalianus, Constantia, Anastasia, and Eutropia. To strengthen his bond with Galerius and Diocletian in the east, Constantius allowed Galerius to keep his son Constantine as a hostage for his good behavior.

In the remainder of the time that he was a Caesar, Constantius spent much of his time engaged in military actions in the west. In the summer of 293 Constantius expelled the troops of the usurper Carausius from northern Gaul; after Constantius' attack on Bononia (Boulogne), Carausius was murdered. At the same time he dealt with the unrest of the Germans. In 296 he invaded Britain and put down the revolt of the usurper Allectus. Between 300 and 305 A.D. the Caesar campaigned successfully several times with various German tribes. It is worth noting in passing, that while his colleagues rigidly enforced the "Great Persecution in 303," Constantius limited his action to knocking down a few churches.

Constantius as Augustus and His Untimely Death

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedia, and Maximianus Herculius, at Mediolanum (Milan), divested themselves of the purple, probably because of the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian forced Maximianus to abdicate. They appointed as their successors Constantius and Galerius, with Severus and Maximinus Daia as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Constantius, as had his predecessor, ruled in the west, while Galerius and Daia ruled in the east. Almost as soon as he was appointed Augustus, he crossed to Britain to face incursions by the Picts where he died at York on 25 July 306 with his son (Constantine I, known to history as “The Great”) at his side.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
MaxentiusRIC163.jpg
1307a, Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.60 viewsBronze follis, RIC 163, aEF, Rome mint, 5.712g, 25.6mm, 0o, summer 307 A.D.; obverse MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONSERVATO-RES VRB SVAE, Roma holding globe and scepter, seated in hexastyle temple, RT in ex; rare. Ex FORVM; Ex Maridvnvm


De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maxentius (306-312 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius, more commonly known as Maxentius, was the child of the Emperor Maximianus Herculius and the Syrian, Eutropia; he was born ca. 278 A.D. After Galerius' appointment to the rank of Caesar on 1 March 293, Maxentius married Galerius' daughter Valeria Maximilla, who bore him a son named Romulus and another son whose name is unknown. Due to his haughty nature and bad disposition, Maxentius could seldom agree with his father or his father-in-law; Galerius' and Maximianus Herculius' aversion to Maxentius prevented the young man from becoming a Caesar in 305. Little else is known of Maxentius' private life prior to his accession and, although there is some evidence that it was spent in idleness, he did become a Senator.

On 28 October 306 Maxentius was acclaimed emperor, although he was politically astute enough not to use the title Augustus; like the Emperor Augustus, he called himself princeps. It was not until the summer of 307 that he started using the title Augustus and started offending other claimants to the imperial throne. He was enthroned by the plebs and the Praetorians. At the time of his acclamation Maxentius was at a public villa on the Via Labicana. He strengthened his position with promises of riches for those who helped him obtain his objective. He forced his father Maximianus Herculius to affirm his son's acclamation in order to give his regime a facade of legitimacy. His realm included Italy, Africa, Sardinia, and Corsica. As soon as Galerius learned about the acclamation of Herculius' son, he dispatched the Emperor Severus to quell the rebellion. With the help of his father and Severus' own troops, Maxentius' took his enemy prisoner.

When Severus died, Galerius was determined to avenge his death. In the early summer of 307 the Augustus invaded Italy; he advanced to the south and encamped at Interamna near the Tiber. His attempt to besiege the city was abortive because his army was not large enough to encompass the city's fortifications. Negotiations between Maxentius and Galerius broke down when the emperor discovered that the usurper was trying to win over his troops. Galerius' troops were open to Maxentius' promises because they were fighting a civil war between members of the same family; some of the soldiers went over to the enemy. Not trusting his own troops, Galerius withdrew. During its retreat, Galerius' army ravaged the Italian countryside as it was returning to its original base. If it was not enough that Maxentius had to deal with the havoc created by the ineffectual invasions of Severus and Galerius, he also had to deal with his father's attempts to regain the throne between 308 and 310. When Maximianus Herculius was unable to regain power by pushing his son off his throne, he attempted to win over Constantine to his cause. When this plan failed, he tried to win Diocletian over to his side at Carnuntum in October and November 308. Frustrated at every turn, Herculius returned to his son-in-law Constantine's side in Gaul where he died in 310, having been implicated in a plot against his son-in-law. Maxentius' control of the situation was weakened by the revolt of L. Domitius Alexander in 308. Although the revolt only lasted until the end of 309, it drastically cut the size of the grain supply availble for Rome. Maxentius' rule collapsed when he died on 27 October 312 in an engagement he had with the Emperor Constantine at the Milvian Bridge after the latter had invaded his realm.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
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141 - Diocletian - AE Follis - RIC VI - London 28a16 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae
Minted in London (None). from A.D. 303
Reference:– RIC VI London 28a
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141 - Diocletian - AE Fraction - RIC VI Rome 4812 viewsAe Fraction, sometimes referred to as denarius / quinarius

Obv:- DIOCLETI-ANVS AVG, laureate head right
Rev:- VTILITAS PVBLICA, Utilitas standing facing, head left, hands in drapery.
Minted in Rome (T in exergue). A.D. 294 - 295
Reference:- RIC VI Rome 48 (Rated R2).

1.43 gms. 16.68 mm
A rare denomination for Diocletian.
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141 - Diocletian - Antoninianus - RIC V 167 Bust Type F17 viewsAntoninianus
Obv: IMP DIOCLE-TIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev: IOVI F-VLGERATORI, [to Jupiter the Thunderer] Jupiter, naked except for cloak fluttering over left arm, right foot drawn back in act to throw thunderbolt, which is raised up in right hand; head right, At feet left., eagle standing left, head right
Minted in Rome (//XXIB).
Reference(s) – RIC V 167 Bust Type F

3.77 gms. 24.46 mm. 0 degrees
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141 - Diocletian - Antoninianus - RIC V Pt 2, 177 Bust Type H28 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding eagle headed sceptre
Rev:– PRIMIS X MVLTIS XX, Victory standing right, left, holding victory ileft foot on rock, inscribing VO/T X on shield on palm tree
Minted in Rome (_ R // XXID).
Reference:– Cohen 388. RIC V Pt. 2 177 Bust Type H (Rated scarce)
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141 - Diocletian - Antoninianus - RIC V Pt 2, 28 17 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding globe in right hand
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding victory in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand, at foot eagle
Minted in Lugdunum (// A). Emission 7. Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
Reference:– Cohen 151 (2f) Bastien 322 (9 examples cited). RIC V 28
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141 - Diocletian - Antoninianus - RIC V Pt 2, 28 Bust Type H16 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding eagle headed sceptre
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding victory in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand, at foot eagle
Minted in Lugdunum (// A). Emission 7. Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
Reference:– Cohen 153 (2f) Bastien 323 (39 examples). RIC V Pt. 2, 28 Bust Type H
22mm. 2.77g

Ex- H.J. Berk
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141 - Diocletian - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 109 17 viewsObv:– D N DIOCLETIANO BAEATISS, laureate, mantled bust right holding mappa
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, Providentia standing left, extending branch to Quies standing opposite
Minted in Alexandria ( B / KP //ALE). A.D. 308 - 310
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 109
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141 - Diocletian - Follis - RIC VI Ticinum 56a 11 viewsFollis
Obv:- D N DIOCLETIANO BEATISSIMO SEN AVG, Laureate bust right in imperial mantle, with olive branch and mappa
Rev:- PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia and Quies standing, extending hands to each other
Minted in Ticinum (_ | Pellet // TT). c. A.D. 305
Reference(s) – Cohen 422. RIC VI Ticinum 56a
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141 - Diocletian - Follis - RIC VI Trier 677a (corr. Cyzicus)70 viewsObv:– D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate bust right in imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, branch upward in right hand, vertical sceptre in left
Minted in Cyzicus (not Trier) ( S | F / KS //PTR)
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 677a (R) (see notes)
Notes:- This is perhaps one of the most unusual issues in the entire follis series. It is nearly always attributed to Trier (Treveri), but a comparison of portrait styles and an examination of follis hoards reveals that this issue was not struck in Trier but in Cyzicus. Two officinae struck this issue, and the KS in the field between the two figures is actually the mintmark, not the PTR. A look at the coins of Cyzicus (RIC 22-23) shows that the same two officinae struck this issue without the PTR also. The Senior Augustus issues of Diocletian and Maximianus were struck at every mint currently in operation. Apparently, the first coins of this type were prepared at Trier and examples were sent to the various mints for the individual mints to copy. At Cyzicus, the die engravers copied everything, including the Trier mintmark and put their own mintmark in the field. Eventually someone soon realized the mistake and new dies were prepared with the mintmark in its proper location.

Nicely silvered with little / no visible wear.
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II 070 Bust Type F56 viewsObv: DIOCLETIANVS • P• F • AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: PAX AVGG, Pax standing left, olive branch upward in right hand, scepter in left
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe.). Emission 12 (Second series, short legends). A.D. 294
Reference(s) – Cohen 376. RIC V part II Lugdunum 70 Bust Type C. Bastien 617 (2 examples cited)
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C12 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (D // XXI Dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C10 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (E // XXI Dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C10 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (? // XXI Dot) Uncertain officina mark. Clogged die?
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C13 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (A // XXI Dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C9 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (D // XXI Dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 325 Bust Type C10 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Juipiter standing left sceptre, presenting Victory on globe to Emperor who is standing right holding parazonium or sceptre
Minted in Antioch (A// XXI).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 325
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 325 Bust Type C16 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Juipiter standing left sceptre, presenting Victory on globe to Emperor who is standing right holding parazonium or sceptre
Minted in Antioch (A // XXI).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 325
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 325 Bust Type C15 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Juipiter standing left sceptre, presenting Victory on globe to Emperor who is standing right holding parazonium or sceptre
Minted in Antioch (H // XXI).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 325
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 325 Bust Type C13 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Juipiter standing left sceptre, presenting Victory on globe to Emperor who is standing right holding parazonium or sceptre
Minted in Antioch (Crescent over Gamma // XXI).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 325
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Cyzicus 284 Bust Type C15 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor standing facing right holding parazonium receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter facing left holding sceptre
Minted in Heraclea (E // dot XXI dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 284
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Cyzicus 30651 viewsObv:– IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped bust facing right
Rev:– CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter.
Minted in Cyzicus (B in centre field, XXI in exe.)
References:– RIC V pt 2 306
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Cyzicus 30624 viewsObv:– IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped bust facing right
Rev:– CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter.
Minted in Cyzicus (A in centre field, XXI in exe.)
References:– RIC V pt 2 306
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Cyzicus 306 Bust Type C10 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CONCORDIA MI-LITVM dot , Emperor standing right with sceptre / parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter holding sceptre
Minted in Cyzicus (Gamma // XXI Dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 306
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Cyzicus 306 Bust Type C10 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CONCORDIA MI-LITVM dot , Emperor standing right with sceptre / parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter holding sceptre
Minted in Cyzicus (A / XXI Dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 306
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Cyzicus 306 Bust Type C11 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CONCORDIA MI-LITVM dot , Emperor standing right with sceptre / parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter holding sceptre
Minted in Cyzicus (Gamma // XXI Dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 306
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Cyzicus 322 Bust Type C9 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor standing facing right holding parazonium receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter facing left holding sceptre
Minted in Cyzicus (I // XXI).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 322
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 02713 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS P AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left golding spear and shield
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding victory in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand, at foot eagle
Minted in Lugdunum (//A). Emission 7, Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
Reference(s) – Cohen 161. Bastien 310 (3 examples cited). RIC V Pt 2 27
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 26 Bust Type C15 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding victory in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand, at foot eagle
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe). Emission 7, Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
References:– Cohen -. RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 26 Bust Type C. Bastien 303 (5 examples cited).
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 2814 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, helmeted cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding victory in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand, at foot eagle..
Minted in Lugdunum (//A). 7th Issue, Spring A.D. 290 - 291
Reference:– RIC V Part II Lugdunum 28. Bastien VII 317 (16 examples cited)
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 28 Bust Type C14 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from rear)
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding victory in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand, at foot eagle
Minted in Lugdunum (P in exe). Emission 7. Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
References:– Cohen -. RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 28 Bust Type C. Bastien 313 (1 example cited).
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 28 Bust Type C16 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding victory in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand, at foot eagle
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe). Emission 7. Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
References:– Cohen -. RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 28 Bust Type C. Bastien 314 (17 examples cited).
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 28 Bust Type F17 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding victory in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand, at foot eagle
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe). Emission 7. Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
References:– Cohen 147. RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 28 Bust Type H. Bastien 315.
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 28 Bust Type H26 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding eagle headed sceptre
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding victory in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand, at foot eagle
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe). Emission 7. Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
References:– Cohen 153 (2f). RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 28 Bust Type H. , Bastien 323.
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 33 Bust Type C14 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS P AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter seated left, holding victory on globe in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe). Emission 8, Officina 1. A.D. 292
References:– Cohen 171. RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 33 Bust Type C, Bastien 432 (12 examples cited).
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 34 Bust Type C18 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter seated left, holding victory on globe in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe). Emission 8, Officina 1. A.D. 292
References:– Cohen 169. RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 34 Bust Type C, Bastien 435.
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 34 Bust Type C14 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from rear)
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter seated left, holding victory on globe in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe). Emission 8, Officina 1. A.D. 292
References:– Cohen 169. RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 34 Bust Type C. Bastien 434 (9 examples cited)
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 34 Bust Type C11 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter seated left, holding victory on globe in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe). Emission 8, Officina 1. A.D. 292
References:– Cohen 169. RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 34 Bust Type C, Bastien 435.
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RI 141ah img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 34 Bust Type C var. 21 viewsObv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: IOVI AVGG, Jupiter seated left, holding victory on globe in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (//I). Emission 11, Officina 1. 20th November to End A.D. 293
Reference:– Cohen 167. Bastien 534. RIC V part II Lugdunum 34 Bust Type C var. (unlisted with this mark in exe. in RIC)
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 34 Bust Type F15 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter seated left, holding victory on globe in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe). Emission 8, Officina 1. A.D. 292
References:– RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 34 Bust Type F. Bastien 436.
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 34 Bust Type F12 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter seated left, holding victory on globe in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe). Emission 8, Officina 1. A.D. 292
References:– RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 34 Bust Type F. Bastien 436.
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 35 Bust Type C10 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG , Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the rear.
Rev:– IOVI CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt & scepter, eagle at foot
Minted in Lugdunum (A beneath thunderbolt in left field). Issue 3, late 286 A.D.
References:– Cohen 184. RIC V pt. 2 Lugdunum 35 Bust type C (Common). Bastien 76 (15 examples cited).
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 35 Bust Type C 12 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG , Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the rear.
Rev:– IOVI CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt & scepter, eagle at foot
Minted in Lugdunum (A in right field). Issue 3, late 286 A.D.
References:– Cohen 184. RIC V pt. 2 Lugdunum 35 Bust type C (Common). Bastien 82 (9 examples cited).
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 35 Bust Type C 8 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG , Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the rear.
Rev:– IOVI CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt & scepter, eagle at foot
Minted in Lugdunum (B in right field). Issue 3, late 286 A.D.
References:– Cohen 184. RIC V pt. 2 Lugdunum 35 Bust type C (Common). Bastien 89 (17 examples cited).
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RI 141bn img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 35 Bust Type C 13 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG , Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the rear.
Rev:– IOVI CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt & scepter, eagle at foot
Minted in Lugdunum (A in right field, SML in exe). Issue 4, Start to Summer A.D. 287
References:– Cohen 184. RIC V pt. 2 Lugdunum 35 Bust type C (Common). Bastien 98 (24 examples cited).
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RI 141k img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 36 Bust Type C102 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P AVG , Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the rear.
Rev:– IOVI CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt & scepter, eagle at foot
Minted in Lugdunum (A beneath thunderbolt in left field). Issue 3, late 286 A.D.
References:– Cohen 183. Bastien 77, RIC V pt. 2 Lugdunum 36 Bust type C (Common)
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RI 141ad img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 36 Bust Type C14 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P AVG , Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the rear.
Rev:– IOVI CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt & scepter, eagle at foot
Minted in Lugdunum (A beneath thunderbolt in left field). Issue 3, late 286 A.D.
References:– Cohen 183. Bastien 77, RIC V pt. 2 Lugdunum 36 Bust type C (Common)
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RI 141ao img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 39 var22 viewsObv:– IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Rev:– IOVI CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt & scepter, eagle at foot
Minted in Lugdunum (_|A/SML).
References:– RIC V Pt 2 Lugdunum 39 var (Not listed with this bust type in RIC)

Ex-Forvm
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141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 41 Bust Type C24 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from rear).
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT AVG, Jupiter standing left with thunderbolt & scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (A in left field). Emission 1 Second Series, Officina A. Mid A.D. 286 – April A.D. 286.
References:– Cohen 215. Bastien 18. RIC V pt. 2 Lugdunum 41 Bust type C.
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RI 141ay img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 41 Bust Type C15 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from rear).
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT AVG, Jupiter standing left with thunderbolt & scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (B in left field). Emission 1 Second Series, Officina A. Mid A.D. 286 – April A.D. 286.
References:– Cohen 215. RIC V pt. 2 Lugdunum 41 Bust type C. Bastien 21 (20 examples cited)
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RI 141m img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 43 Bust Type C103 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the rear.
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter standing left with thunderbolt & scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (B in left field) Emission 2, Officina 2. Spring to Summer A.D. 286
References:– Cohen 240. RIC V part II Lugdunum 43 Bust Type C. Bastien 54.
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RI 141ax img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 46 Bust Type C12 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the rear.
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter standing left with thunderbolt & scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (A in left field) Emission 2, Officina 2. Spring to Summer A.D. 286
References:– RIC V part II Lugdunum 46 Bust Type C rated Common citing Voetter. Bastien -. Cohen -.

Unlisted with this shortened obverse legend in Bastien (Usually IMP CC VAL...). Bastien did not find any examples of this obverse legend but notes it originating in O. Voetter on Page 42, which is where RIC takes it even though RIC rates it as Common!
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RI 141am img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 47 Bust Type C9 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the rear.
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter standing left with thunderbolt & scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (C in left field). Emission 1 Second Series, Officina 3. Mid A.D. 286 – April A.D. 286
References:– Cohen 259. RIC 47 Bust type C. Bastien 24 (12 examples cited).
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RI 141ae img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 47 Bust Type C7 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the rear.
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter standing left with thunderbolt & scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (D in left field). Emission 1 Second Series, Officina 3. Mid A.D. 286 – April A.D. 286
References:– Cohen 259. RIC 47 Bust type C. Bastien 27 (14 examples cited).
maridvnvm
RI 141af img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 50 Bust Type C13 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the rear.
Rev:– IOVI TVTATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left with Victory & scepter, eagle at feet
Minted in Lugdunum (P in exe). Issue 5, Autumn A.D. 287- Autumn A.D. 289
References:– Cohen 300. RIC V pt. 2 Lugdunum 50 Bust type C. Bastien 140 (6 examples cited).
maridvnvm
RI 141bi img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 52 Bust Type C9 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the rear.
Rev:– IOVI TVTATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left with Victory & scepter, eagle at feet
Minted in Lugdunum (P in exe). Issue 5, Autumn A.D. 287- Autumn A.D. 289
References:– Cohen 298. RIC V pt. 2 Lugdunum 52 Bust type C. Bastien 142 (4 examples cited).
maridvnvm
RI 141l img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 5371 viewsObv:– IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the rear.
Rev:– IOVI TVTATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left with Victory & scepter, eagle at feet
Minted in Lugdunum (P in exe), Emission 5, Officina 1. Autumn 287- Autumn 289 A.D.
References:– RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 53 Bust Type C, Bastien 143
maridvnvm
RI_141cs_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 5316 viewsObv:– IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the rear.
Rev:– IOVI TVTATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left with Victory & scepter, eagle at feet
Minted in Lugdunum (P in exe), Emission 5, Officina 1. Autumn 287- Autumn 289 A.D.
References:– RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 53 Bust Type C, Bastien 143
maridvnvm
RI 141aq img~0.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 53 Bust Type F10 viewsObv:– IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right.
Rev:– IOVI TVTATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left with Victory & scepter, eagle at feet
Minted in Lugdunum (P in exe), Emission 5, Officina 1. Autumn A.D. 287- Autumn A.D. 289
References:– Cohen -. RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 53 Bust Type F. Bastien 144 (3 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 141ai img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 54 Bust Type C17 viewsObv: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: IOVI TVTATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left with Victory & scepter, eagle at feet
Minted in Lugdunum (//P). Emission 5, Officina 1. Autumn A.D. 287- Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen 296. Bastien 145. RIC V Part II Lugdunum 54 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
RI 141bd img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 55 Bust Type C18 viewsObv:– IMP C DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI TVTATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left with Victory & scepter, eagle at feet
Minted in Lugdunum (P), Emission 5, Officina 1. Autumn A.D. 287- Autumn A.D. 289
References:– Cohen ??. RIC 55 Bust Type C. Bastien ?? (??)
maridvnvm
RI 141av img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 6115 viewsObv:– DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Helmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Rev:– PAX AETERN, Pax walking left holding olive branch and sceptre
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe), Emission 12 (2nd series), Officina 1. A.D. 294
References:– Cohen 356. RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 61 (S). Bastien 607 (4 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 141u img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 61 Bust Type C17 viewsObv:– DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev:– PAX AETERN, Pax walking left holding olive branch and sceptre
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe), Emission 12 (2nd series), Officina 1. A.D. 294
References:– RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 61 Bust Type C (S), Bastien 605 (5 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 141ar img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 6317 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG, Minerva standing left, olive branch upward in right hand, spear in left hand, resting on shield
Minted in Lugdunum (* in left field, A in exe.), Emission 9, Officina 1. Start to 1st March A.D. 293
References:– Cohen 155. RIC 63 (Rated Rare). Bastien 471 (8 examples cited).
maridvnvm
RI 141bc img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 64 var Bust Type F14 viewsObv:– IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG, Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (S in exe) Emission ??, Officina 2. A.D. ???
References:– Cohen ??. RIC V part II Lugdunum 64 var Bust Type F (Not listed with this bust type in RIC). Bastien ?? (?? examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI_141bp_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 66 Bust Type F var14 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS P AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG, Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (//B). Emission 7, Officina 2. Spring A.D. 290 to A.D. 291
Reference– Bastien -. RIC V Pt 2 66 Bust Type F var (Not listed with B in exe)

Bastien 362 is a similar coin but with the Radiate, cuirassed bust right (3 examples cited) and Bastien Suppl. 2 adds a consular bust to the type with this legend. This draped bust example would seem to be unlisted in Bastien or the supplements.
Martin Griffiths
RI_141bu_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 6717 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Rev:– PAX AVGG, Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (B in exe.). Emission 7, Officina 2. Spring A.D. 290 to A.D. 291
References:– Cohen 368. RIC V Pt 2 67 (Rated S). Bastien 367 (2 examples cited)

A scarcer bust type for Diocletian.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 141bm img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 67 Bust Type C var29 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from rear)
Rev:– PAX AVGG, Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (// * crescent). Emission 9, Officina -. Start – 1st March A.D. 293
References:– Cohen 366. Bastien 460 (4 examples cited). RIC V Pt 2 67 Bust Type C var (Not listed with this bust or these marks in RIC)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 141au img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 67 Bust Type F20 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG, Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (B in exe.). Emission 7, Officina 2. Spring A.D. 290 to A.D. 291
References:– Cohen 366. RIC V Pt 2 67 Bust Type F. Bastien 365 (11 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 141bf img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 74 Bust Type C19 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PROVIDENT DEOR, Providentia standing left holding baton and sceptre with globe at feet.
Minted in Lugdunum (//II). Emission 11, Officina 2. 20th November to end A.D. 293
References:– RIC V Pt 2 74 Bust Type C. Bastien 550 (1 example cited)
maridvnvm
RI 141q img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 7729 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the rear.
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left. holding cornucopiae in left and two grain stalks in right; at feet, modius
Minted in Lugdunum (C in right field) A.D. 285
References:– RIC V part II Lugdunum 77 Bust Type C. Bastien 13.
maridvnvm
RI 141ba img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 82 Bust Type C24 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS P AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– SECVRIT PERP, Securitas standing left leaning on column
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe) Emission 7, Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
References:– Cohen -. RIC V part II Lugdunum 82 Bust Type C. Bastien 345 (5 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 141bg img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 85 Bust Type C 20 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SALVS AVG, Salus standing right, feeding snake from patera.
Minted in Lugdunum (B in right field). Emission 1, Officina 2. Mid A.D. 285 – 1st April A.D. 286
Reference:– Voetter P. 6. Cohen 440. RIC V Pt 2 85 Bust Type C. Bastien 10.
maridvnvm
RI 141aa img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 88 var Bust Type F24 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS P AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SALVS AVGG, Salus standing right, feeding snake from patera
Minted in Lugdunum (C in exe), Emission 7, Officina 3. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
References:– RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 88 var Bust Type F (Not listed with this bust type in RIC), Bastien 396(3 examples)
maridvnvm
RI_141cm_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 8915 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding globe in right hand
Rev:– SALVS AVGG, Salus standing right, feeding snake from patera.
Minted in Lugdunum (//C). 7th Issue, Spring A.D. 290 - 291
Reference:– RIC V Part II Lugdunum 89. Bastien VII 401 (3 examples cited)

A rare bust type for Diocletian. Worn reverse die.
maridvnvm
RI 141at img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 91 Bust Type C32 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VICTORIA AVG, Victory, standing left holding wreath and palm
Minted in Lugdunum (A in left field). Emission 1, Officina 1, mid A.D. 285 – April A.D. 286
References:– Cohen 466. RIC V Pt 2 91 Bust Type C. Bastien 8.
maridvnvm
RI 141bo img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 93 Bust Type C16 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen half from the rear
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Jupiter standing right holding thunderbolt & scepter facing Hercules standing left holding lion’s skin and club
Minted in Lugdunum (A/SML). Emission 4, Officina 1. Start to Summer A.D. 287
Reference:– Cohen 507. Bastien VII 108 (5 examples cited). RIC V Pt 2 93 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
RI 141r img~0.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Rome 17330 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI PACIF, Mars, standing left, holding branch in right hand, holding a sceptre and resting left hand on shield
Minted in Rome (XXIE in exe)
References:– Cohen 316 (6Fr). RIC V Part 2 Rome 173
maridvnvm
RI 141e img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Ticinum 22068 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust facing right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, holding a thunderbolt and a sceptre, small figure of Diocletian before
Minted in Ticinum (QXXIT in exe)
References:– RIC V Part 2 Ticinum 220
maridvnvm
RI 141n img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Ticinum 23941 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the front
Rev:– MARS VICTOR, Mars advancing right, carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Ticinum (VIXXIT in exe)
References:– RIC V pt 2 Ticinum 239
maridvnvm
RI 141ap img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Ticinum 239 17 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the front
Rev:– MARS VICTOR, Mars advancing right, carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Ticinum (VIXXIT in exe)
References:– RIC V pt 2 Ticinum 239
maridvnvm
RI_141ci_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Tripolis 329 Bust Type C16 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG, Victory walking right, holding palm, presenting wreath to emperor who is standing left holding globe and sceptre
Minted in Tripolis (TR // XXI Dot). A.D. 284
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 329
maridvnvm
RI_141ck_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI - Alexandria 093a24 viewsAE Half Follis
Obv:– DN DIOCLETIANO FELICIS, Laureate and mantled bust right, holding olive-branch and mappa
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, In field: Gamma; In ex: ALE, Providentia standing right, extending hand to Quies standing light, holding branch and leaning on scepter
Minted in Alexandria (Gamma //ALE). A.D. 308
Reference:– RIC VI 93a
Size:- 21.01 mm

A scarcer half follis.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 141j img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI Alexandria 30a19 viewsObv:– IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in Alexandria (XXI in left field, A in right field, ALE in exe.)
References:– RIC VI Alexandria 30
maridvnvm
RI 141a img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI Alexandria 46a57 viewsObv:– IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped bust facing right
Rev:– CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian and Maximianus standing facing each other, holding between them globe surmounted by Victory
Minted in Alexandria (B in centre field, ALE in exe.)
References:– RIC VI Alexandria 46a (Common)
maridvnvm
RI 141i img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI Aquilea 25a131 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in Aquilea (AQP in exe)
References:– RIC VI Aquilea 25a
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_141cv_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI London 028a10 viewsAE Follis
Obv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae
Minted in London (None). from A.D. 303
Reference:– RIC VI London 28a

10.72 gms, 27.29mm. 180 degrees
maridvnvm
RI 141y img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI London 28a36 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae
Minted in London (No marks) c. A.D. 303 onwards
References:– RIC VI London 28a

Nice example which is just about fully silvered.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 141p img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI Lugdunum 029a29 viewsObv:– IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera
Minted in Lugdunum (A in left field, LP in exe) A.D. 298
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 29a (Scarce). Bastien Volume XI 84 legend break ii (6 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 141t img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI Lugdunum 108a19 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera over altar and cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (A in right field, PLC in exe) A.D. 301-303
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 113a. Bastien Volume XI 316
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 141o img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI Lugdunum 113a21 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust left
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera over altar and cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (B in right field, PLC in exe) A.D. 301-303
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 113a. Bastien Volume XI 338
maridvnvm
RI 141s img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI Lugdunum 22524 viewsObv:– DN DIOCLETIANO P F S AVG, Laureate bust right, wearing imperial mantle, holding olive branch in right hand and mappa in left
Rev:– QVIES AVGG, Quies standing left, holding branch in right hand and leaning on scepter with left
Minted in Lugdunum (S in left field, C in right field, PLC in exe). Summer A.D. 307
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 225 (Scarce)

Weight:- 8.39 gms
Size:- Obv. X-Axis 22.22mm, Obv. Y-Axis 22.94mm

Ths coin comes from a small, scarce issue with a wide weight range (6-9gms), which according to a footnote in RIC may well have overlapped and accompanied with more than one of the surrounding issues.
maridvnvm
RI 141v img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI Rome 116a (Post Abdication - Senior Augustus)39 viewsObv:– DN DIOCLETIANO BEATISS SEN AVG, Laureate bust right, wearing imperial mantle, holding olive branch in right hand and mappa in left
Rev:– PROVIDENT DEOR QVIES AVGG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies, standing left holding branch in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand
Minted in Rome (S in left field, F in right field, RP in exe) c. A.D. 305
References:– RIC VI Rome 116a (R)
maridvnvm
RI 141h img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI Siscia 085a17 viewsObv:– IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in Siscia (B in right field, *SIS in exe) A.D. 295
References:– RIC VI Siscia 85a
maridvnvm
RI_141co_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI Trier 713 13 viewsFollis
Obv:– D N DIOCLETIANO P F S AVG, Laureate bust right, wearing imperial mantle, holding olive branch in right hand and mappa in left
Rev:– QVIES AV-GVSTORVM, Quies standing facing, head left, holding branch in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand.
Minted in Trier (S-C//PTR). c. Summer A.D. 307
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 713 (R)
maridvnvm
GI 141a img.jpg
141 - Diocletian, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Eirene, Milne 477416 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– A K ΓOYAΛ ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Eirene standing left, holding sceptre and olive-branch
Minted in Alexandria (L | B). A.D. 285/286
Reference(s) – Curtis 1976, BMC 2493v, Milne 4774
maridvnvm
GI 141b img.jpg
141 - Diocletian, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Tyche reclining, Milne 475633 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– A K ΓOYAΛ ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Tyche reclining left on garlanded couch, right hand on rudder, left hand supports head
Minted in Alexandria (LA). A.D. 284/285
Reference:– Curtis 2023, BMC 2527v, Milne 4756
maridvnvm
RI_146do_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II - Bust Type C18 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing right holding thunderbolt and spear,eagle at feet.
Minted in Lugdunum (//A). Emission 7. Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
Reference(s) – Cohen -. Bastien - (0). RIC V Pt. 2 Lugdunum - Bust Type C. This reverse type not noted in RIC or Bastien for Maximianus Herculius. It is noted in RIC and Bastien for Diocletian (RIC quotes as common, Bastien 300 (1), 301 (1) and 302 (3) would appear to counter this rating)
maridvnvm
RI_146co_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Antoninianus - RIC V Pt 2, 384a12 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter seated left, holding victory on globe in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (//A). Emission 7, Officina 1. Sping A.D. 290 - 291
Reference:– Cohen 319. Bastien XI 332 (7). Voetter p. 57. RIC V Pt. 2 384a (Rated R)

IOVI coins are more usually made for Diocletian with Maximian favouring Hercules. A scarcer military bust type. Virtually fully silvered.
maridvnvm
IMG_4334~0.jpg
151. Diocletian (284-305 A.D.)43 viewsAv.: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Rv.: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Left: XX / Right: delta over I
Ex.: ALE

AE Follis Ø26 / 11.1g
RIC VI 32a Alexandria
Juancho
IMG_4347~0.jpg
151. Diocletian (284-305 A.D.)17 viewsAv.: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Rv.: CONCORDIA MILITVM
Centre: HA

AE Radiatus Ø21 / 3.1g
RIC V-1 13 Heraclea
Juancho
04-Diocletian-Ant-52a.jpg
16 Diocletian: Antioch follis.14 viewsFollis, 299 - 300 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Diocletian.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, chlamys over left shoulder, pouring liquid from a patera, and holding cornucopiae. S in right field.
Mint mark: ANT
9.88 gm., 27 mm.
RIC #52a; Sear #12796.
Callimachus
lverus_RIC1309.jpg
161-169 AD - LUCIUS VERUS AE sestertius - struck 162 AD36 viewsobv: IMP.CAES.L.AVREL.VERVS.AVG (laureated head right)
rev: CONCORD.AVGVSTOR.TRP.II (Verus and Aurelius standing with clasping hand), COS II in ex, S-C in field
ref: RIC III 1309 (M.Aurel) (C), C.36 (4frcs)
mint: Rome
23.03gms, 30mm

This coin is better in hand than the picture allow.
History: Never before had Rome been ruled jointly by two emperors, but their authority was not shared equally. Marcus clearly had more power than his younger brother, although officially his only additional title was "pontifex maximus," while Lucius was simply "pontifex".Joint rule was revived by Diocletian's establishment of the Tetrarchy in the late 3rd century.
berserker
05-Diocletian-Ser-15a.jpg
18 Diocletian: Serdica abdication follis.47 viewsFollis, ca 305-306 AD, Serdica mint.
Obverse: DN DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG / Laureate bust of Diocletian, wearing the imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left hand.
Reverse: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG / Providentia standing, extending hand to Quies, also standing, holding branch and leaning on sceptre. S F in fields, &Gamma: between.
Mint mark: . SM . SD .
10.63 gm., 28 mm.
RIC #15a; Sear # 12940, PBCC #843.
1 commentsCallimachus
CarinusAntAeq.jpg
1dr Carinus13 views283-285

AE antoninianus

Radiate draped & cuirassed bust, right, IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG
Aequitas stg. Left, AEQVITAS AVGG

RIC 238

According to the Historia Augusta: He was the most polluted of men, an adulterer and a constant corrupter of youth. . . . He was left by his father as Caesar in Gaul and Italy and in Illyricum, Spain, Britain, and Africa, all of which had been voted to him, and he exercised there a Caesar's powers, but with the permission to perform all the duties of an Augustus. Then he defiled himself by unwonted vices and inordinate depravity. . . . He appeared in public as consul contrary to his father's wish. He wrote arrogant letters to the senate, and he even promised the senate's property to the mob of the city of Rome, as though it, forsooth, were the Roman people. By marrying and divorcing he took nine wives in all, and he put away some even while they were pregnant. He filled the Palace with actors and harlots, pantomimists, singers and pimps. He had such an aversion for the signing of state-papers that he appointed for signing them a certain filthy fellow, with whom he used always to jest at midday, and then he reviled him because he could imitate his writing so well. . . .

When he learned that his father had been killed by lightning and his brother slain by his own father-in-law, and that Diocletian had been hailed as Augustus, Carinus committed acts of still greater vice and crime, as though now set free and released by the death of his kindred from all the restraints of filial duty. He did not, however, lack strength of purpose for claiming the imperial power. For he fought many battles against Diocletian, but finally, being defeated in a fight near Margus, he perished.
Blindado
DiocletianAntConcordMil.jpg
1ds Diocletian13 views284-305

AE antoninianus

Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust, right, IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Zeus and Diocletian, CONCORDIA MILITVM

RIC 284B

According to the Historia Augusta, after the death of Numerian: Then a huge assembly was held and a tribunal, too, was constructed. And when the question was asked who would be the most lawful avenger of Numerian and who could be given to the commonwealth as a good emperor, then all, with a heaven-sent unanimity, conferred the title of Augustus on Diocletian. . . . He was at this time in command of the household-troops, an outstanding man and wise, devoted to the commonwealth, devoted to his kindred, duly prepared to face whatever the occasion demanded, forming plans that were always deep though sometimes over-bold, and one who could by prudence and exceeding firmness hold in check the impulses of a restless spirit. This man, then, having ascended the tribunal was hailed as Augustus, and when someone asked how Numerian had been slain, he drew his sword and pointing to Aper, the prefect of the guard, he drove it through him, saying as he did so, "It is he who contrived Numerian's death.''

Eutropius summarized a long and important reign: DIOCLETIAN, a native of Dalmatia, [was] of such extremely obscure birth, that he is said by most writers to have been the son of a clerk, but by some to have been a freedman of a senator named Anulinus. . . . He soon after overthrew Carinus, who was living under the utmost hatred and detestation, in a great battle at Margum, Carinus being betrayed by his own troops, for though he had a greater number of men than the enemy, he was altogether abandoned by them between Viminacium and mount Aureus. He thus became master of the Roman empire; and when the peasants in Gaul made an insurrection, giving their faction the name of Bagaudae, and having for leaders Amandus and Aelianus, he despatched Maximian Herculius, with the authority of Caesar, to suppress them. Maximian, in a few battles of little importance, subdued the rustic multitude, and restored peace to Gaul. . . .

Diocletian promoted MAXIMIAN HERCULIUS from the dignity of Caesar to that of emperor, and created Constantius and Maximian Galerius Caesars, of whom Constantius is said to have been the grand-nephew of Claudius by a daughter, and Maximian Galerius to have been born in Dacia not far from Sardica. That he might also unite them by affinity, Constantius married Theodora the step-daughter of Herculius, by whom he had afterwards six children, brothers to Constantine; while Galerius married Valeria, the daughter of Diocletian; both being obliged to divorce the wives that they had before. . . .

Diocletian, meanwhile, besieging Achilleus in Alexandria, obliged him to surrender about eight months after, and put him to death. He used his victory, indeed, cruelly, and distressed all Egypt with severe proscriptions and massacres. Yet at the same time he made many judicious arrangements and regulations, which continue to our own days. . . .

Diocletian was of a crafty disposition, with much sagacity, and keen penetration. He was willing to gratify his own disposition to cruelty in such a way as to throw the odium upon others; he was however a very active and able prince. He was the first that introduced into the Roman empire a ceremony suited rather to royal usages than to Roman liberty, giving orders that he should be adored, whereas all emperors before him were only saluted. He put ornaments of precious stones on his dress and shoes, when the imperial distinction had previously been only in the purple robe, the rest of the habit being the same as that of other men. . . .

But when Diocletian, as age bore heavily upon him, felt himself unable to sustain the government of the empire, he suggested to Herculius that they should both retire into private life, and commit the duty of upholding the state to more vigorous and youthful hands. With this suggestion his colleague reluctantly complied. Both of them, in the same day, exchanged the robe of empire for an ordinary dress, Diocletian at Nicomedia, Herculius at Milan, soon after a magnificent triumph which they celebrated at Rome over several nations, with a noble succession of pictures, and in which the wives, sisters, and children of Narseus were led before their chariots. The one then retired to Salonae, and the other into Lucania.

Diocletian lived to an old age in a private station, at a villa which is not far from Salonae, in honourable retirement, exercising extraordinary philosophy, inasmuch as he alone of all men, since the foundation of the Roman empire, voluntarily returned from so high a dignity to the condition of private life, and to an equality with the other citizens. That happened to him, therefore, which had happened to no one since men were created, that, though he died in a private condition, he was enrolled among the gods.
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MaximianusFollisGenio.jpg
1dt Maximianus22 views286-305, 306-308, 310

Quarter Follis

Laureate head, right, IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Genius standing left, with modius on head, cornucopia & patera, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, SIS in exergue

RIC 146

Eutropius records: [Diocletian] thus became master of the Roman empire; and when the peasants in Gaul made an insurrection, giving their faction the name of Bagaudae, and having for leaders Amandus and Aelianus, he despatched Maximian Herculius, with the authority of Caesar, to suppress them. Maximian, in a few battles of little importance, subdued the rustic multitude, and restored peace to Gaul. . . . While disorder thus prevailed throughout the world, while Carausius was taking arms in Britain and Achilleus in Egypt, while the Quinquegentiani were harassing Africa, and Narseus was making war upon the east, Diocletian promoted MAXIMIAN HERCULIUS from the dignity of Caesar to that "of emperor, and created Constantius and Maximian Galerius Caesars. . . .

Maximian the emperor, brought the war to an end in Africa, by subduing the Quinquegentiani, and compelling them to make peace. . . .

Herculius was undisguisedly cruel, and of a violent temper, and showed his severity of disposition in the sternness of his looks. Gratifying his own inclination, he joined with Diocletian in even the most cruel of his proceedings. But when Diocletian, as age bore heavily upon him, felt himself unable to sustain the government of the empire, he suggested to Herculius that they should both retire into private life, and commit the duty of upholding the state to more vigorous and youthful hands. With this suggestion his colleague reluctantly complied. Both of them, in the same day, exchanged the robe of empire for an ordinary dress, Diocletian at Nicomedia, Herculius at Milan, soon after a magnificent triumph which they celebrated at Rome over several nations, with a noble succession of pictures, and in which the wives, sisters, and children of Narseus were led before their chariots. The one then retired to Salonae, and the other into Lucania.

But after the death of Constantius, CONSTANTINE, his son by a wife of obscure birth, was made emperor in Britain, and succeeded his father as a most desirable ruler. In the meantime the praetorian guards at Rome, having risen in insurrection, declared MAXENTIUS, the son of Maximian Herculius, who lived in the Villa Publica not far from the city, emperor. At the news of this proceeding, Maximian, filled with hopes of regaining the imperial dignity, which he had not willingly resigned, hurried to Rome from Lucania. . . , and stimulated Diocletian by letters to resume the authority that he had laid down, letters which Diocletian utterly disregarded. Severus Caesar, being despatched to Rome by Galerius to suppress the rising of the guards and Maxentius, arrived there with his army, but, as he was laying siege to the city, was deserted through the treachery of his soldiers.

The power of Maxentius was thus increased, and his government established. Severus, taking to flight, was killed at Ravenna. Maximian Herculius, attempting afterwards, in an assembly of the army, to divest his son Maxentius of his power, met with nothing but mutiny and reproaches from the soldiery. He then set out for Gaul, on a planned stratagem, as if he had been driven away by his son, that he might join his son-in-law Constantine, designing, however, if he could find an opportunity, to cut off Constantine, who was ruling in Gaul with great approbation both of the soldiers and the people of the province, having overthrown the Franks and Alemanni with great slaughter, and captured their kings, whom, on exhibiting a magnificent show of games, he exposed to wild beasts. But the plot being made known by Maximian's daughter Fausta, who communicated the design to her husband, Maximian was cut off at Marseilles, whence he was preparing to sail to join his son, and died a well-deserved death. . . .
Blindado
ConstantiusChlorusFollisGenio.jpg
1du Constantius I17 views305-306

Quarter Follis

Laureate head, right, IMP CONSTANTIVS P F AVG
Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae. Mintmark: SIS, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI

Also known as Constantius Chlorus.

RIC 167

After being names Caesar, according to Eutropius: A battle was fought by Constantius Caesar in Gaul, at Lingonae, where he experienced both good and had fortune in one day; for though he was driven into the city by a sudden onset of the barbarians, with such haste and precipitation that after the gates were shut he was drawn up the wall by ropes, yet, when his army came up, after the lapse of scarcely six hours, he cut to pieces about sixty thousand of the Alemanni. . . .

CONSTANTIUS and GALERIUS were made emperors; and the Roman world was divided between them in such a manner, that Constantius had Gaul, Italy, and Africa; Galerius Illyricum, Asia, and the East; two Caesars being joined with them. [Zosimus adds: Three years after Dioclesian died, and the reigning emperors, Constantius and Maximianus Gallerius declared Severus and Maximinus (who was nephew to Gallerius), the Caesars, giving all Italy to Severus, and the eastern provinces to Maximinus.] Constantius, however, content with the dignity of emperor, declined the care of governing Africa. He was an excellent man, of extreme benevolence, who studied to increase the resources of the provinces and of private persons, cared but little for the improvement of the public treasury, and used to say that "it was better for the national wealth to be in the hands of individuals than to be laid up in one place of confinement." So moderate was the furniture of his house, too, that if, on holidays, he had to entertain a greater number of friends than ordinary, his dining-rooms were set out with the plate of private persons, borrowed from their several houses. By the Gauls1 he was not only beloved but venerated, especially because, under his government, they had escaped the suspicious prudence of Diocletian, and the sanguinary rashness of Maximian. He died in Britain, at York, in the thirteenth year of his reign, and was enrolled among the gods.
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GaleriusFollisGenio.jpg
1dv Galerius21 views305-311

Quarter Follis

Laureate head, right, MAXIMIANVS AVG
Genius standing left, modius on head, holding cornucopia & patera, SIS in ex., GENIO POPVLI ROMANI

RIC 169b

Eutropius tells us: Diocletian promoted MAXIMIAN HERCULIUS from the dignity of Caesar to that of emperor, and created Constantius and Maximian Galerius Caesars, of whom Constantius is said to have been the grand-nephew of Claudius by a daughter, and Maximian Galerius to have been born in Dacia not far from Sardica. . . . Galerius married Valeria, the daughter of Diocletian. . . .

Galerius Maximian, in acting against Narseus, fought, on the first occasion, a battle far from successful, meeting him between Callinicus and Carrae, and engaging in the combat rather with rashness than want of courage; for he contended with a small army against a very numerous enemy. Being in consequence defeated, and going to join Diocletian, he was received by him, when he met him on the road, with such extreme haughtiness, that he is said to have run by his chariot for several miles in his scarlet robes.

But having soon after collected forces in Illyricum and Moesia, he fought a second time with Narseus (the grandfather of Hormisdas and Sapor), in Greater Armenia, with extraordinary success, and with no less caution and spirit, for he undertook, with one or two of the cavalry, the office of a speculator. After putting Narseus to flight, he captured his wives, sisters, and children, with a vast number of the Persian nobility besides, and a great quantity of treasure; the king himself he forced to take refuge in the remotest deserts in his dominions. Returning therefore in triumph to Diocletian, who was then encamped with some troops in Mesopotamia, he was welcomed by him with great honour. Subsequently, they conducted several wars both in conjunction and separately, subduing the Carpi and Bastarnae, and defeating the Sarmatians, from which nations he settled a great number of captives in the Roman territories. . . .

Galerius, a man of excellent moral character, and skilful in military affairs, finding that Italy, by Constantius's permission, was put under his government, created two Caesars, MAXIMIN, whom he appointed over the east, and SEVERUS, to whom he committed Italy. He himself resided in Illyricum.
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GalValFollis.jpg
1dw Galeria Valeria15 viewsDaughter of Diocletian and wife of Galerius.

Follis, Cyzicus

Diademed & draped bust, right, GAL VALERIA AVG
Venus standing left, holding up apple in right hand & raising drapery over shoulder with left, D left, MKV in ex, VENERI VITRICI

RIC 46
Blindado
MaxentiusFollisRoma.jpg
1dz Maxentius22 views306-312

Follis

Laureate head, right, MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Roma in temple, CONSERVATORES VRB SVAE

RIC 194a

Eutropius reports: But after the death of Constantius, CONSTANTINE, his son by a wife of obscure birth, was made emperor in Britain, and succeeded his father as a most desirable ruler. In the meantime the praetorian guards at Rome, having risen in insurrection, declared MAXENTIUS, the son of Maximian Herculius, who lived in the Villa Publica not far from the city, emperor. At the news of this proceeding, Maximian, filled with hopes of regaining the imperial dignity, which he had not willingly resigned, hurried to Rome from Lucania. . . , and stimulated Diocletian by letters to resume the authority that he had laid down, letters which Diocletian utterly disregarded. Severus Caesar, being despatched to Rome by Galerius to suppress the rising of the guards and Maxentius, arrived there with his army, but, as he was laying siege to the city, was deserted through the treachery of his soldiers.

The power of Maxentius was thus increased, and his government established. Severus, taking to flight, was killed at Ravenna. Maximian Herculius, attempting afterwards, in an assembly of the army, to divest his son Maxentius of his power, met with nothing but mutiny and reproaches from the soldiery. . . .

At this time LICINIUS, a native of Dacia, was made emperor by Galerius, to whom he was known by old companionship, and recommended by his vigorous efforts and services in the war which he had conducted against Narseus. The death of Galerius followed immediately afterwards. The empire was then held by the four new emperors, Constantine and Maxentius, sons of emperors, Licinius and Maximian, sons of undistinguished men. Constantine, however, in the fifth year of his reign, commenced a civil war with Maxentius, routed his forces in several battles, and at last overthrew Maxentius himself (when he was spreading death among the nobility by every possible kind of cruelty,) at the Milvian bridge, and made himself master of Italy.
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savaria_01-stone_of_the_Caesars.JPG
2008-Savaria - The stone of the Caesars23 viewsOn the top of the red granite stone a sun-dial shows the time, and has six emperor relief. All of them played a significant role in the development of this town:
Claudius founded in AD 43 as Colonia Claudia Savaria;
during the reign of Domitian the town became a religion centre;
Emperor Trajan settled military troops from the civilians and they fought in Dacian War;
during the reign of Septimius Severus was built an Isis shrine;
Diocletian made the centre of jury during the Great Persecution;
and finally Constantine the Great, who partitioned Pannonia four province and Savaria was the capital of Pannonia Prima.
berserker
BOTLAUREL_2012.JPG
201243 viewsTHIS YEAR'S WINNERS
CLICK ON A COIN FOR ITS DETAILS

*Alex
siscia1.jpg
232 Diocletian19 viewsobv: DIOCLETIA_NVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: VICTORI_A AVGG campgate with three turrents no star
ex: *SIS
hill132
rjb_fol1_01_09.jpg
28421 viewsDiocletian 284-305 AD
AE Follis
Obv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left, altar to left
-/B//PLC
Lugdunum Mint
RIC (VI) Lyon 103a
mauseus
rjb_2011_02_01.jpg
28416 viewsDiocletian 284-305 AD
AE antoninianus
Obv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS P AVG
Radiate, cuirassed bust left holding shield
Rev: SALVS AVGG
Salus standing right feeding snake in arms
-/-//C
Lugdunum Mint
RIC - (cf 86ff)
From Curtis: Bastien Supplement I, p. 29, 396a, pl. IV, two spec., Marchovalette Hoard and D. Gricourt Coll., both same obv. die as yours, the second same rev. die too.
mauseus
rjb_2012_03_32.jpg
28420 viewsDiocletian 284-305 AD
AE half follis
Obv: DN DIOCLETIANO FELISSIM
Laureate consular bust right
Rev: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM
Providentia and Quies stood facing each other
B//ALE
Alexandria Mint
RIC 87a
mauseus
rjb_dio1_08_06.jpg
28419 viewsDiocletian 284-305 AD
AE Follis
Obv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust left
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left, altar to left
-/A//PLC
Lugdunum Mint
RIC (VI) Lyon 113a
mauseus
rjb_dioc_10_07.jpg
28422 viewsDiocletian 284-305 AD
AE antoninianus
Obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: IOVI CONSER AVGG
Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt and vertical sceptre, eagle to left
-/A//-
Lugdunum Mint
RIC 35
1 commentsmauseus
diocletian RIC-V-322.jpg
284-305 - DIOCLETIAN silvered AE antoninianus19 viewsobv: IMP.C.C.VAL.DIOCLETIANVS.PF.AVG (radiate draped bust right)
rev: CONCORDIA.MILITVM / CΔ / XXI (Diocletian receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter)
ref: RIC322, C.34
mint: Antiochia, struck 293-295 AD
3.63gms, 22mm
berserker
DioV256.jpg
284-305 AD - Diocletian - RIC V 256 - CONCORDIA MILITVM46 viewsEmperor: Diocletian (r. 284-305 AD)
Date: 293-295 AD
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Antoninianus

Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG
Imperator Caesar Caius Valerius Diocletian Emperor
Bust right; radiate, draped and cuirassed

Reverse: CONCORDIA MI-LITVM
Unity of the Army.
Emperor standing right, holding sceptre and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
"B" in center field
Exergue: XXI (Siscia mint, second officina)

RIC V Diocletian 256
2.83g; 21.7mm; 195°
Pep
DioVIHera19a.jpg
284-305 AD - Diocletian - RIC VI Heraclea 19a - GENIO POPVLI ROMANI30 viewsEmperor: Diocletian (r. 284-305 AD)
Date: ca. 297-298 AD
Condition: aFine
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Imperator Caesar Caius Valerius Diocletian Dutiful and Wise Emperor
Head right; laureate

Reverse: GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI
To the Genius of the Roman Public.
Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right holding patera (from which liquor flows), left cornucopiae.
Exergue: HTΓ (Heraclea mint, third officina)

RIC VI Heraclea 19a
7.87g; 26.6mm; 345°
Pep
diocletian tdrachm-.jpg
284-305 AD - DIOCLETIAN Potin Tetradrachm 16 viewsobv: A K GOYA L DIOKLHTIANOC CEB, laureate draped bust right
rev: L-B, Alexandria standing left holding head of Serapis & long scepter
ref: Milne 4781
mint: Alexandria, struck 286 AD
7.36gms, 19mm
berserker
diocletian RIC-V-220.jpg
284-305 AD - DIOCLETIAN silvered AE antoninianus24 viewsobv: IMP.C.C.VAL.DIOCLETIANVS.PF.AVG (radiate & curiassed bust right)
rev: IOVI.CONSERVAT / VXXIT (Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter; before him: small figure of Diocletian)
ref: RIC220, C.206
mint: Ticinum, struck 285 AD
4.21gms, 22mm
berserker
diocletian RIC-V-027.jpg
284-305 AD - DIOCLETIAN silvered AE antoninianus23 viewsobv: IMP.DIOCLETIANVS.P.AVG (radiate cuirassed bust right)
rev: IOVI.AVGG / A (Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe & scepter, eagle at foot left)
ref: RIC27, C.163
mint: Lugdunum, struck 292-293 AD
4.36gms, 22mm
berserker
diocletian-Cocordia-militum.jpg
284-305 AD Diocletian Silvered Antoninianus - Concordia Militum76 viewsIMPCCVALDIOCLETIANVSAVG - radiate, and draped bust right
CONCORDIAMILITVM, Emperor standing right, holding scepter, recieving Victory on globe from jupiter standing Left and holding scepter. Gamma between, XXI in Exergue

Perhaps Antioch Mint, Ric 306 ??? ( the gamma between is what throws me...)
This coin came from a uncleaned lot.
jimwho523
maximianus RIC-V-585.jpg
285-305 AD - MAXIMIANUS AE antoninianus27 viewsobv: IMP.C.M.A.VAL.MAXIMIANVS.PF.AVG (radiate head right)
rev: VICTORIA.AVGG / Γ / XXI (Maximian, facing left, holding scepter, receiving Victory on globe from Diocletian, facing right)
ref: RIC585, C.545
mint: Siscia, struck 291 AD
4.48gms, 22mm
Rare
berserker
10294375_665190743517840_5660653401103979702_n.jpg
305 Diocletian 52 viewsDiocletian AE Antoninianus. Siscia? mint. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter, half naked, standing right holding sceptre & globe, facing Hercules with lionskin, club & victory on globe, crescent & delta between, XXI in ex. RIC V 323. 3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
dimage2.JPG
305 Diocletian15 viewsDiocletian
Siscia, silver AE pre-reform
IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right / CONSERVATOR AVGG, Diocletian and Jupiter, each holding a sceptre, standing facing each other by an altar. A in left field. XXI dot I dot.

ex DS
Randygeki(h2)
coin260.JPG
321. Carinus31 viewsMarcus Aurelius Carinus, Roman emperor, 283 - July, 285, was the elder son of the emperor Carus, on whose accession he was appointed governor of the western portion of the empire. He fought with success against the German tribes, but soon left the defence of the Upper Rhine to his legates and returned to Rome, where he abandoned himself to all kinds of debauchery and excess. He also celebrated the ludi Romani on a scale of unexampled magnificence.

After the death of Carus, the army in the East demanded to be led back to Europe, and Numerianus, the younger son of Carus, was forced to comply. During a halt at Chalcedon, Numerianus was murdered, and Diocletian, commander of the body-guards, was proclaimed emperor by the soldiers. Carinus at once left Rome and set out for the East to meet Diocletian. On his way through Pannonia he put down the usurper Marcus Aurelius Julianus, and encountered the army of Diocletian in Moesia. Carinus was successful in several engagements, and at the battle on the Margus (Morava), according to one account, the valour of his troops had gained the day, when he was assassinated by a tribune whose wife he had seduced. In another account, the battle is represented as having resulted in a complete victory for Diocletian.

Carinus has the reputation of having been one of the worst of the emperors.

Carinus. 283-285 AD. ? Antoninianus. Antioch mint. IMP C M AVR CARINVS NOB C,radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / VIRTVS AVGGG Carinus standing right, holding sceptre and receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre; B/XXI. RIC 208F.
1 commentsecoli
coin398.JPG
322. Numerian30 viewsMarcus Aurelius Numerius Numerianus was the younger son of the later emperor Carus, born in about AD 253.
Numerian and his elder brother Carinus were raised to the rank of Caesar in AD 282, soon after their father became emperor.

In AD 282 Numerian accompanied his father to the Danube to defeat the Sarmatians and the Quadi.
Then in December AD 282 or January AD 283 Carus took Numerian with him on his expedition against the Persians to re-conquer Mesopotamia. Meanwhile Carinus stayed in Rome to rule the west.

When Carus died, Numerian succeeded him, thereby becoming joint emperor with his brother Carinus who had been granted the rank of Augustus shortly before Carus' death.

At first, immediately after his father's death, Numerian sought to continue the Persian campaign.
Apparently this was much favoured by Arrius Aper, the prefect of the praetorians and suspect in Carus' death. Conditions for war were favourable. The Persian side was still thought to be weak. But Numerian's initial efforts were not followed by success.
Numerian was to all effect appeared more of an intellectual than a man of war. He wrote poetry, some of which won him critical acclaim in his day.
This lack of ruthless military talent might well have been the reason why Carinus alone had been promoted Augustus, while Numerian remained Caeasar (junior emperor).
And so, after these initial setbacks, Numerian decided it unwise to continue the war.
He sought instead to return back to Rome and the army was not displeased to pull back into Syria were it spent the winter of AD 283.
Thereafter the army set out on its march back west through Asia Minor (Turkey).
Numerian fell ill near Nicomedia, suffering from an eye disease, which he might have caught while still on campaign in Mesopotamia with his father. The illness was explained with severe exhaustion (Today it is believed this was a serious eye infection. This left him partly blind and he had to be carried in a litter.

Somewhere at this time it is believed Arrius Aper, Numerian's own father in-law, had him killed. It;s widely believed that Aper hoped that it would be assumed that Numerian had simply succumbed to his illness and that he, the praetorian prefect, would succeed to the throne in his place.
But why he should have kept up the charade that Numerian was still alive remains a mystery. Perhaps he was waiting for he right moment.
For several days the death went unnoticed, the litter being carried along as usual. Soldiers inquired about their emperor's health and were reassured by Aper, that all was well and that Numerian simply was too ill to appear in public.

Eventually though the stench of the corpse became too much. Numerian's death was revealed and the soldiers realized that Rome had lost yet another emperor (AD 284).

Had it been Aper who hoped to fill the vacancy, then it was Diocletian (still known as Diocles at the time), commander of the imperial bodyguard, who emerged the victor. It was Diocletian who was made emperor by the troops after Numerian's death. It was he who sentenced Aper to death and even executed the sentence himself. Therefore it was he who, benefited most from the deaths of Carus and Numerian. And in his role as body guard he held a key position, enabling him to prevent or enable any action against the emperor. Hence it is unlikely that Diocletian did not have anything to do with the murder of Numerian.

Numerian Antoninianus / Numerian with globe and spear

Attribution: RIC 361
Date: 282-283 AD
Obverse: M AVR NVMERIANVS NOB C, radiate bust r.
Reverse: PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Numerian l. holding globe and spear
Size: 22.39 mm
Weight: 3.5 grams
Description: A nice ant of a scarcer emperor while serving as Caesar
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401. Diocletian30 viewsThe Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

AE Follis. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left with chlamys, patera from which liquor flows & cornucopiae
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402. Maximianus53 viewsMarcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. 250 - July, 310), known in English as Maximian, was Roman Emperor (together with Diocletian) from March 1, 286 to 305.

Born to a poor family near Sirmium (city in Pannonia), Maximian made a career in the army until 285, when the new emperor Diocletian, a friend of his, made him caesar (sub-emperor) and the ruler of the western part of the empire. The next year Maximian became augustus next to Diocletian, and in 293, when Diocletian introduced the Tetrarchy, Constantius Chlorus became Maximian's caesar and married Maximian's daughter Flavia Maximiana Theodora.

During his reign, Maximianus had several military successes, against the Alemanni and Burgundians in northern Germany, against the Carpi on the Danube frontier and against Carausius, who had rebelled in Britain and declared himself emperor there. He also strengthened the frontier defenses in Africa.

On May 1, 305, Diocletian and Maximian retired together; it is clear that this was not a voluntary act of Maximian's, but that he was forced to do so by Diocletian. Galerius and Constantius Chlorus became the new emperors; Flavius Valerius Severus and Maximinus Daia became their caesars. When Constantius died the next year, Maximian's son Maxentius took the western emperorship, and named Maximian to be his augustus. Maximian resolved the conflicts around this emperorship by defeating Severus and Galerius in battle and bringing Constantius' son Constantine on his side by having Constantine marry his daughter Fausta.

However, in 308 Maximian rebelled against his own son, and marched upon Rome, but was beaten and forced to find refuge with Constantine in Gaul. In 310 he declared himself emperor for the third time, but was unable to defend himself against Constantine, who forced him to commit suicide.

For his own and his colleagues' victories, Maximian received the titles Germanicus Maximus V, Sarmaticus Maximus III, Armeniacus Maximus, Medicus Maximus, Adiabenicus Maximus, Persicus Maximus II, Carpicus Maximus, Britannicus Maximus.

Maximianus 286-305, Reform Follis - Siscia Mint
9.16g
Obv: Bust of Maximianus right "IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG"
Rev: Moneta standing left holding a scale and cornucopiae "SACRA MONET AVGG E CAESS NOSTR" "SIS" in the exergue.
RIC 134b
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403. Carausius37 viewsMarcus Aurelius Mausaeus Carausius (d. 293) was a Roman usurper in Britain and northern Gaul (286–293, Carausian Revolt).

Carausius was a man of humble origin, a Menapian from Belgic Gaul who distinguished himself during Maximian's campaign against the Bagaudae rebels in Gaul in 286. As a result, he was appointed to command the Classis Britannica, a fleet based in the English Channel, with the responsibility of eliminating Frankish and Saxon pirates who had been raiding the coast. However, he was suspected of keeping captured treasure for himself, and even of allowing the pirates to carry out raids and enrich themselves before taking action against them, and Maximian ordered his execution. In late 286 or early 287 Carausius learned of this sentence and responded by declaring himself Emperor of Britain and northern Gaul.

He could count on the alliegance of the three legions based in Britain, as well as one in northern Gaul. How he was able to win support from the army when his command had been sea-based is uncertain. The emperor briefly assumed the title Britannicus Maximus in 285, and the British towns of Wroxeter and Caistor by Norwich towns show signs of destruction around this time, so it is possible Carausius won the army's support during military action in Britain shortly before his rebellion. Alternatively, if the accusations of larceny are true, he could perhaps afford to buy their loyalty. He also appears to have appealed to native British dissatisfaction with Roman rule: he issued coins with legends such as Restitutor Britanniae (Restorer of Britain) and Genius Britanniae (Spirit of Britain).

Maximian, busy with wars on the Rhine, was unable to challenge him immediately, but in the Autumn of 288 he began massing troops and ships for an invasion. In 289 an invasion of Britain intended to dislodge him failed badly due to storms, although a naval defeat is also possible. An uneasy peace continued until 293, during which Rome prepared for a second effort to retake the province, while Carausius began to entertain visions of legitimacy and official recognition. He minted his own coins and brought their value in to line with Roman issues as well as acknowledging and honouring Maximian and then Diocletian. Coinage is the main source of information about the rogue emperor; his issues were initially crude but soon became more elaborate and were issued from mints in Londinium, Rotomagnus and a third site, possibly Colonia Claudia Victricensis. A milestone from Carlisle with his name on it suggests that the whole of Roman Britain was in Carausius' grasp.

It has been speculated (namely, by the historian Sheppard Frere) that the rebellion of Carausius endangered Diocletian's vision of a strong, centralized government based on his tetrarchy. In any case, by early 293 Constantius Chlorus had gained control of northern Gaul, including the rebel's stronghold and port of Bononia, on which Carausius was heavily dependent. Constantius built a mole across the harbour mouth to ensure it did not receive maritime aid.

Constantius also regained the allegiance of the rebellious Gallic legion and defeated the Franks of the Rhine mouth who seem to have been working in league with Carausius. Weakened by these setbacks, Carausius was assassinated, possibly at York, by his treasurer, Allectus.

aVF/aVF Carausius Antoninianus / Pax / Green Patina and Nice Style

Attribution: RIC 895
Date: 287-293 AD
Obverse: IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right
Reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding branch and transverse sceptre.
Size: 20.91 mm
Weight: 3 grams
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405. CONSTANTIUS I, as Caesar53 viewsBorn March 31st, Emperor Flavius Valerius Constantius may have come into the world ca. 250. His family was from Illyricum. In the army he served as a protector, tribunus, and a praeses Dalmatiarum. During the 270s or the 280s, he became the father of Constantine by Helena, his first spouse. By 288 he was the Praetorian Prefect of the western emperor Maximianus Herculius.

On 1 March 293 Diocletian appointed Galerius as his Caesar (junior emperor) in the east and Constantius as the Caesar of Maximianus Herculius. Caesar in the west. Both Caesars had the right of succession. In order to strengthen the dynastic relationship between himself and Herculius., Constantius put aside his wife Helena and married Theodora, the daughter, or perhaps stepdaughter, of Maximianus Herculius. The union was fruitful and of it there were six issue: Flavius Dalmatius, Julius Constantius, Hannibalianus, Constantia, Anastasia, and Eutropia. To strengthen his bond with Galerius and Diocletian in the east, Constantius allowed Galerius to keep his son Constantine as a hostage for his good behavior.

In the remainder of the time that he was a Caesar, Constantius spent much of his time engaged in military actions in the west. In the summer of 293 Constantius expelled the troops of the usurper Carausius from northern Gaul; after Constantius' attack on Bononia (Boulogne), Carausius was murdered. At the same time he dealt with the unrest of the Germans. In 296 he invaded Britain and put down the revolt of the usurper Allectus. Between 300 and 305 A.D. the Caesar campaigned successfully several times with various German tribes. It is worth noting in passing, that while his colleagues rigidly enforced the "Great Persecution in 303," Constantius limited his action to knocking down a few churches.

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedia, and Maximianus Herculius, at Mediolanum (Milan), divested themselves of the purple, probably because of the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian forced Maximianus to abdicate. They appointed as their successors Constantius and Galerius, with Severus and Maximinus Daia as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Constantius, as had his predecessor, ruled in the west, while Galerius and Daia ruled in the east. Almost as soon as he was appointed Augustus, he crossed to Britain to face incursions by the Picts where he died at York on 25 July 306 with his son at his side.


CONSTANTIUS I, as Caesar. 293-305 AD. Æ Follis (9.24 gm). Lugdunum mint. Struck 301-303 AD. CONSTANTIVS NO[B CAE]S, laureate and draped bust right, holding spear over right shoulder and shield at left / [GENIO POPV]LI ROMANI; altar-B/PLC. RIC VI 136a. VF, brown patina, some silvering. Ex CNG
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405b. Theodora23 viewsFlavia Maximiana Theodora (known as Theodora) was the step-daughter of Maximian. Her parents were Afanius Hannibalianus and Eutropia, later wife of Maximian. Theodora's father was consul in 292, and praetorian prefect under Diocletian. In 293, Theodora married Flavius Valerius Julius Constantius (later known as Constantius Chlorus), after he had divorced from his first wife, Helena, to strengthen his political position.

Copper AE4, RIC 36, S 3911, VM 1, VF, 1.4g, 15.2mm, 180o, Constantinople mint, 337-340 A.D.; obverse FL MAX THEODORAE AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse PIETAS ROMANA, Pietas standing right holding child in her arms;Ex Forum
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406. Galerius40 viewsChristians had lived in peace during most of the rule of Diocletian. The persecutions that began with an edict of February 24, 303, were credited by Christians to the influence of Galerius. Christian houses of assembly were destroyed, for fear of sedition in secret gatherings.

Detail of the Arch of Galerius in Thessaloniki.In 305, on the abdication of Diocletian and Maximian, he at once assumed the title of Augustus, with Constantius his former colleague, and having procured the promotion to the rank of Caesar of Flavius Valerius Severus, a faithful servant, and (Maximinus II Daia), his nephew, he hoped on the death of Constantius to become sole master of the Roman world. Having Constantius' son Constantine as guest at Galerius' court in the east helped to secure his position.

His schemes, however, were defeated by the sudden elevation of Constantine at Eboracum (York) upon the death of his father, and by the action of Maximianus and his son Maxentius, who were declared co-Augusti in Italy.

After an unsuccessful invasion of Italy in 307, he elevated his friend Licinius to the rank of Augustus, and moderating his ambition, he retired to the city Felix Romuliana (near present day Gamzigrada,Serbia/Montenegro)built by him to honor his mother Romula, and devoted the few remaining years of his life "to the enjoyment of pleasure and to the execution of some works of public utility."

It was at the instance of Galerius that the last edicts of persecution against the Christians were published, beginning on February 24, 303, and this policy of repression was maintained by him until the appearance of the general edict of toleration, issued from Nicomedia in April 311, apparently during his last bout of illness, in his own name and in those of Licinius and Constantine. Lactantius gives the text of the edict in his moralized chronicle of the bad ends to which all the persecutors came, De Mortibus Persecutorum ("On the Deaths of the Persecutors", chapters 34, 35). This marked the end of official persecution of Christians.

Galerius as Caesar, 305-311AD. GENIO POPVLI ROMANI reverse type with Genius standing left holding scales and cornucopia
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406a. Galeria Valeria24 viewsGaleria Valeria was Diocletian's daughter and, to cement the alliance between Diocletian and Galerius, Valeria was married to Galerius. It appears that this was not a very happy marriage. Galeria Valeria was sympathetic towards Christians during this time of severe persecution and it is possible that she was actually a Christian herself. The imperial couple were not blessed with any children during their eighteen year marriage. After Galerius died in A. D. 311, Galeria Valeria and her mother went to live at the court of Maximinus Daia, the caesar who became emperor of the East upon the death of Galerius.

Maximinus proposed marriage to Valeria soon afterward. He was probably more interested in her wealth and the prestige he would gain by marrying the widow of one emperor and the daughter of another than he was in Valeria as a person. She refused his hand, and immediately Maximinus reacted with hatred and fury. Diocletian, by now an old man living in a seaside villa on the Dalmatian coast, begged Maximinus to allow the two women to come home to him. Maximinus refused and had Valeria and her mother banished to live in a village in Syria.

During the civil war that erupted between Maximinus and Licinius, Valeria and Prisca disguised themselves and escaped, trying to reach the safety of Diocletian's villa. In the meantime, Diocletian had died, leaving the women without a haven of safety to which to run. For fifteen months the two royal fugitives traveled from one city to another, always living in fear of being discovered and in search of a little peace.

Finally, they were recognized by someone in the Greek city of Salonika. They were hastily taken to a square in the city and beheaded before a crowd of citizens who had once revered them as empresses. The bodies of Valeria and her mother were afterwards thrown into the sea.

Galeria Valeria Follis. AD 308-311. GAL VAL-ERIA AVG, Diademed & draped bust right / VENERI V-ICTRICI, Venus standing left, holding apple & scepter, * to left, G to right, (dot)SM(dot)TS(dot) in ex.
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407. Severus II35 viewsFlavius Valerius Severus was of humble origin and from Illyricum. Early in his career he had held a military command. When Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximianus Herculius, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple (Milan) on 1 May 305, they appointed Constantius I and Galerius as Augusti in their place, with Severus and Maximinus Daia as the new Caesars. Both Caesars were Galerius' creatures and received their appointment at his hands. Constantius I and Severus ruled the west, while Galerius and Daia controlled the east.

When Galerius learned of the death of Constantius I in August 306 and the acclamation of Constantine to the purple, he raised Severus to the rank of Augustus to replace the dead Augustus. Matters went from bad to worse for Galerius when Maxentius, the son of Maximianus Herculius, was proclaimed emperor at Rome on 28 October 306. Galerius was disturbed when he heard the news of Maxentius' revolt because the usurper seized Rome, then part of Severus' realm. Galerius sent Severus from Mediolanum (Milan) to fight the enemy. Severus took a large field army which had formerly been that of Maximianus and proceeded toward Rome.

When Maxentius learned about the advance of Severus, he sent his own father the purple and offered to make him Augustus again to win Severus' army to his side; Maximianus accepted his offer. Meanwhile, Severus and his army reached Rome and began to besiege the city; Maxentius, however, bribed Severus' soldiers and, at a set signal, the Augustus' forces joined the usurper. Severus fled ro Ravenna with a few remaining soldiers. Maximianus went to Ravenna and, with false promises of safety, convinced Severus to surrender. He took this action because he realized that Severus' position was impregnable. Under house arrest Severus was brought to Rome and imprisoned at Tres Tabernae. Severus was put to death in 307 under clouded circumstances, when Galerius invaded Italy

Severus II AD 305-306 AE Follis "Genius Serdica" "The genius of the people of Rome." Obv: FL VAL SEVERVS NOB C - Laureate head right Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI - Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia. Exe: SIS Siscia mint: AD 305-306 = RIC VI, p. 475, 170a Rare (r)
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408. Maxentius34 viewsMarcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius, more commonly known as Maxentius, was the child of the Emperor Maximianus Herculius and the Syrian Eutropia; he was born ca. 278 A.D. After Galerius' appointment to the rank of Caesar on 1 March 293, Maxentius married Galerius' daughter Valeria Maximilla, who bore him a son named Romulus and another son whose name is unknown. Due to his haughty nature and bad disposition, Maxentius could seldom agree with his father or his father-in-law; Galerius' and Maximianus Herculius' aversion to Maxentius prevented the young man from becoming a Caesar in 305. Little else is known of Maxentius' private life prior to his accession and, alth ough there is some evidence that it was spent in idleness, he did become a Senator.

On 28 October 306 Maxentius was acclaimed emperor, although he was politcally astute enough not to use the title Augustus; like the Emperor Augustus, he called himself princeps. It was not until the summer of 307 that he started usi ng the title Augustus and started offending other claimants to the imperial throne. He was enthroned by the plebs and the Praetorians. At the time of his acclamation Maxentius was at a public villa on the Via Labicana. He strengthened his position with promises of riches for those who helped him obtain his objective. He forced his father Maximianus Herculius to affirm his son's acclamation in order to give his regime a facade of legitimacy. His realm included Italy, Africa, Sardinia, and Corsica. As soon as Galerius learned about the acclamation of Herculius' son, he dispatched the Emperor Severus to quell the rebellion. With the help of his father and Severus' own troops, Maxentius' took his enemy prisoner.

When Severus died, Galerius was determined to avenge his death. In the early summer of 307 the Augustus invaded Italy; he advanced to the south and encamped at Interamna near the Tiber. His attempt to besiege the city was abortive because his army was not large enough to encompass the city's fortifications. Negotiations between Maxentius and Galerius broke down when the emperor discovered that the usurper was trying to win over his troops. Galerius' troops were open to Maxentius' promises because they were fighting a civil war between members of the same family; some of the soldiers went over to the enemy. Not trusting his own troops, Galerius withdrew. During its retreat, Galerius' army ravaged the Italian countryside as it was returning to its original base. If it was not enough that Maxentius had to deal with the havoc created by the ineffectual invasions of Severus and Galerius, he also had to deal with his father's attempts to regain the throne between 308 and 310. When Maximianus Herculius was unable to regain power by pushing his son off his throne, he attempted to win over Constantine to his cause. When this plan failed, he tried to win Diocletian over to his side at Carnuntum in October and November 308. Frustrated at every turn, Herculius returned to his son-in-law Constantine's side in Gaul where he died in 310, having been implicated in a plot against his son-in-law. Maxentius' control of the situation was weakened by the revolt of L. Domitius Alexander in 308. Although the revolt only lasted until the end of 309, it drastically cut the size of the grain supply availble for Rome. Maxentius' rule collapsed when he died on 27 October 312 in an engagement he had with the Emperor Constantine at the Milvian Bridge after the latter had invaded his realm.

Maxentius Follis. Ostia mint. IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right / AETE-RNITAS A-VGN, Castor and Pollux standing facing each other, each leaning on sceptre and holding bridled horse.
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409. Maximinus II Daza37 viewsCaius Valerius Galerius Maximinus, more commonly known as Maximinus Daia or Daza, was from Illyricum and was of peasant origin. He was born 20 November perhaps in the year 270. Daia was the son of Galerius' sister and had served in the army as a scutarius, Protector, and tribunus. He had been adopted by Galerius ; his name had been Daia even before that time. He had a wife and daughter, whose names are unknown, while his son's name was Maximus. When Diocletian and Maximianus Herculius resigned their posts of emperor on 1 May 305, they were succeeded by Constantius I Chlorus and Galerius as Augusti; their new Caesars were Severus and Maximinus Daia respectively. Constantius and Severus ruled in the West, whereas Galerius and Daia served in the East. Specifically, Daia's realm included the Middle East and the southern part of Asia Minor.[[1]]

Immediately after his appointment to the rank of Caesar, he went east and spent his first several years at Caesarea in Palestine. Events of the last quarter of 306 had a profound effect on the Emperor Galerius and his Caesar Daia. When Constantius I Chlorus died in July 306, the eastern emperor was forced by the course of events to accept Constantius' son Constantine as Caesar in the West; on 28 October of the same year, Maxentius , with the apparent backing of his father Maximianus Herculius, was acclaimed princeps. Both the attempt to dislodge Maxentius by Severus, who had been appointed Augustus of the West by Galerius after the death of Constantius in late 306 or early 307, and the subsequent campaign of Galerius himself in the summer of 307 failed. Because of the escalating nature of this chain of events, a Conference was called at Carnuntum in October and November 308; Licinius was appointed Augustus in Severus's place and Daia and Constantine were denoted filii Augustorum. Daia, however, unsatisfied with this sop tossed to him by Galerius, started calling himself Augustus in the spring of 310 when he seems to have campaigned against the Persians.[[2]] Although, as Caesar, he proved to be a trusted servant of Galerius until the latter died in 311, he subsequently seized the late emperor's domains. During the early summer of that year, he met with Licinius at the Bosporus; they concluded a treaty and divided Galerius' realm between them. Several yea rs later, after the death of Daia, Licinius obtained control of his domain. Like his mentor the late emperor, Daia had engaged in persecution of the Christians in his realm.[[3]]

In the autumn of 312, while Constantine was engaged against Maxentius, Daia appears to have been campaigning against the Armenians. In any case, he was back in Syria by February 313 when he seems to have learned about the marital alliance which had been forged by Constantine and Licinius. Disturbed by this course of events and the death of Maxentius, who had been his ally, Daia left Syria and reached Bythinia, although the harsh weather had seriously weakened his army. In April 313, he crossed the Bosporus and went to Byzantium, garrisoned by Licinius' troops; when the city refused to surrender, he took it after an eleven day siege. He moved to Heraclea, which he captured after a short siege; he then moved his forces to the first posting station. With only a small contingent of men, Licinius arrived at Adrianople while Daia was besieging Heraclea. On 30 April 313 the two armies clashed on the Campus Ergenus; in the ensuing battle Daia's forces were routed. Divesting himself of the purple and dressing like a slave, Daia fled to Nicomdeia. Subsequently, Daia attempted to stop the advance of Licinius at the Cilician Gates by establishing fortifications there; Licinius' army succeeded in breaking through, and Daia fled to Tarsus where he was hard pressed on land and sea. Daia died, probably in July or August 313, and was buried near Tarsus. Subsequently, the victorious emperor put Daia's wife and children to death.

Maximinus II Daza. 309-313 AD. ? Follis. Laureate head right / Genius standing left holding cornucopiae.
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41 Galerius as Caesar: Antioch antoninianus.16 viewsAntoninianus, 293 - 295 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES / Radiate bust of Galerius.
Reverse: IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS CAES / Jupiter and Hercules standing face to face, Jupiter holding globe and sceptre; Hercules holding Victory, club, and lion's skin. Γ between them; XXI . in exergue.
4.68 gm., 23 mm.
RIC #719; Sear #14297.

True antoniniani of Galerius and Constantius I -- with XXI in the exergue instead of a mint mark as found on "post-reform" radiates -- are fairly scarce because within about two years of their appointment as Caesars, Diocletian inaugerated his coinage reform which did away with the antoninianus.
Callimachus
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46-Diocletian Follis #1-S159 viewsAE Follis, 296-297 AD, Heraclea Mint.
Obv:IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopia.
HT(delta) in exergue
25mm, 9.2gm
RIC 019a, VM 41
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47-Diocletian Follis #2-S61 viewsAE Follis, 303-305 AD, Rome Mint.
Obv: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.(Double struck).
Rev: SACRA MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing with scales and cornucopia.
R(crescent)P in exergue.
27mm, 9.7gm
RIC 111a, Sear 3537
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48-Diocletian Follis #3-S143 viewsAE Follis, 305-306AD, Serdica mint.
Obv: DN DIOCLETIANO BEATISSIOSEN AVG, Bust right wearing imperial mantle , holding branch and mappa.
Rev: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Quies and Providentia facing. S left, Gamma center, F right.
27mm, 8.3gm
RIC 14a
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49 Diocletian RIC 2928 viewsDIOCLETIAN 284-305 AD. AE large silvered follis. Nicomedia mint, 303-304 AD. (28mm, 8.6g) Obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right. Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, pouring a libation from patera & holding cornucopiae, SMN in exergue.
RIC 29

Ex: Incitatus Coins
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504. Constantius II Campgate Nicomedia18 viewsNicomedia

Titular see of Bithynia Prima, founded by King Zipoetes. About 264 B.C. his son Nicodemes I dedicated the city anew, gave it his name, made it his capital, and adorned it with magnificent monuments. At his court the vanquished Hannibal sought refuge. When Bithynia became a Roman province Nicomedia remained its capital. Pliny the Younger mentions, in his letters to Trajan, several public edifices of the city — a senate house, an aqueduct which he had built, a forum, the temple of Cybele, etc. He also proposed to join the Black Sea with the Sea of Marmora by a canal which should follow the river Sangarius and empty the waters of the Lake of Sabandja into the Gulf of Astacus. A fire then almost destroyed the town. From Nicomedia perhaps, he wrote to Trajan his famous letter concerning the Christians. Under Marcus Aurelius, Dionysius, Bishop of Corinth, addressed a letter to his community warning them against the Marcionites (Eusebius, "Hist. Eccl.", IV, xxiii). Bishop Evander, who opposed the sect of the Ophites (P.L., LIII, 592), seems to have lived at the same time. Nicomedia was the favorite residence of Diocletian, who built there a palace, a hippodrome, a mint, and an arsenal. In 303 the edict of the tenth persecution caused rivers of blood to flow through the empire, especially in Nicomedia, where the Bishop Anthimus and a great many Christians were martyred. The city was then half Christian, the palace itself being filled with them. In 303, in the vast plain east of Nicomedia, Diocletian renounced the empire in favour of Galerius. In 311 Lucian, a priest of Antioch, delivered a discourse in the presence of the judge before he was executed. Other martyrs of the city are numbered by hundreds. Nicomedia suffered greatly during the fourth century from an invasion of the Goths and from an earthquake (24 Aug., 354), which overthrew all the public and private monuments; fire completed the catastrophe. The city was rebuilt, on a smaller scale. In the reign of Justinian new public buildings were erected, which were destroyed in the following century by the Shah Chosroes. Pope Constantine I visited the city in 711. In 1073 John Comnenus was there proclaimed emperor and shortly afterwards was compelled to abdicate. In 1328 it was captured by the Sultan Orkhan, who restored its ramparts, parts of which are still preserved.

RIC VII Nicomedia 158 R2

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508. Julian II VOTA Sirmium9 viewsSirmium

Sirmium was one of the oldest cities in Europe. Archaeologists have found a trace of organized human life dating from the 5000 BC.

When the Romans conquered the city in the 1st century BC, Sirmium already was a settlement with a long tradition.

In the 1st century, Sirmium gained a status of a colony of the citizens of Rome, and became a very important military and strategic location in Pannonia province. The war expeditions of Roman emperors Traian, Marcus Aurelius, and Claudius II, were prepared in Sirmium.

In 103, Pannonia was split into two provinces: Upper Pannonia and Lower Pannonia, and Sirmius became the capital city of Lower Pannonia.

In 296, Diocletian operated a new territorial division of Pannonia. Instead of previous two provinces, there were four new provinces established in former territory of original province: Pannonia Prima, Pannonia Valeria, Pannonia Savia and Pannonia Secunda. Capital city of Pannonia Secunda was Sirmium.

In 293, with the establishment of tetrarchy, the Roman Empire was split into four parts; Sirmium become one of the four capital cities of Roman Empire, the other three being Trier, Mmediolanum, and Nicomedia. During the tetrarchy, Sirmium was the capital of emperor Galerius. With the establishment of praetorian prefectures in 318, the capital of the prefecture of Illyricum was Sirmium. Sirmium was capital of this prefecture until 379, when the prefecture was divided politically into Eastern and Western Illyricum. The western part (including Sirmium) was included into prefecture of Italia. The eastern part of Illyricum remained a separate prefecture with the capital in Thessalonica.

The city also was an important Christian centre. Several Christian councils were held in Sirmium.

008. Julian II Sirmium

RIC VIII Sirmium 108 ASIRM???

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509. Jovian21 views09. Jovian39 viewsJovian was born at Singidunum in A.D. 330, the son of the commander of Constantius II's imperial bodyguards. He also joined the guards and by A.D. 363 had risen to the post that his father had once held. He accompanied the Roman Emperor Julian on the disastrous Mesopotamian campain of the same year against Shapur II, the Sassanid king. After a small but decisive engagement the Roman army was forced to retreat from the numerically superior Persian force. Julian had been mortally wounded during the retreat and Jovian seized his chance. Some accounts have it that on Julian's death Jovian's soldiers called out "Jovianus!" The cry was mistaken for "Julianus", and the army cheered Jovian, briefly under the illusion that the slain Emperor had recovered from his wound.

Shapur pressed his advantage and Jovian, deep inside Sassanid territory, was forced to sue for peace on very unfavourable terms. In exchange for safety he agreed to withdraw from the provinces east of the Tigris that Diocletian had annexed and allow the Persians to occupy the fortresses of Nisbis, Castra Maurorum and Singara. the King of Armenia, Arsaces, was to stay neutral in future conflicts between the two empires, and was forced to cede some of his kingdom to Shapur. The treaty was seen as a disgrace and Jovian rapidly lost popularity.

After arriving at Antioch Jovian decided to hurry to Constantinople to consolidate his position.

Jovian was a Christian, in contrast to his predecessor Julian the Apostate, who had attempted a revival of paganism. He died on February 17, 364 after a reign of eight months.

Jovian AE3. D N IOVIA NVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / VOT V MVLT X inside wreath
ecoli
25-Gaeria-Valeria-Ser-41.jpg
59 Galeria Valeria: Serdica follis.16 viewsFollis, 307 - 308 AD, Serdica mint.
Obverse: FAL VALERIA AVG / Bust of Galeria Valeria.
Reverse: VENERI VICTRICI / Venus standing, holding up apple, raising drapery over left shoulder, * in left field, Δ in right field.
Mint mark: . SM . SD .
7.07 gm., 26.5 mm.
RIC #41; PBCC #852; Sear #14591.

She was the daughter of Diocletian and Prisca. Her father married her off to his colleague Galerius.
This coin is from the last group of coins issued from the Serdica mint before it was closed in 308.
Callimachus
26-Constantius-I-Ant-673.jpg
61 Constantius I as Caesar: Antioch antoninianus.12 viewsAntoninianus, 293 - 295 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES / Radiate bust of Constantius.
Reverse: IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS CAES / Jupiter and Hercules standing face to face, Jupiter holding globe and sceptre; Hercules holding Victory, club, and lion's skin. S between them; XXI in exergue.
4.35 gm., 22 mm.
RIC #673; Sear #13985.

True antoniniani of Galerius and Constantius I -- with XXI in the exergue instead of a mint mark as found on "post-reform" radiates -- are fairly scarce because within about two years of their appointment as Caesars, Diocletian inaugerated his coinage reform which did away with the antoninianus.
Callimachus
770Hadrian_RIC706~0.jpg
706 Hadrian Sestertius Roma 132-34 AD Galley left59 viewsReference
RIC 706; Strack 837; C. 657; Banti 337

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Laureate head right.

Rev. FELICITATI AVG COS III P P S-C in field
Galley moving left with stearman and five rowers; vexillum on prow.

23.61 gr
31 mm
12h

Ex.
Stack's Bowers Galleries January 2013 N.Y.I.N.C. lot 5210

Note.
An acrostolium is an ornamental extension of the stem post on the prow of an ancient warship. Often used as a symbol of victory or of power at sea. (numiswiki)
1st-4th Century AD:
The Ship in Imperial Rome

Realizing its importance, Augustus established the Roman navy along lines similar to that of the legions. In addition to a number of key harbors, from which ships could be deployed, he stationed several fleets (Latin classes) in key areas throughout the empire. Among these, the classis Britannica patrolled the channel between Gaul and Britannia, protecting the shipping lanes. Its strategic regional importance is commemorated in the coinage of several of the period usurpers from the area. M. Aurelius Postumus was the first to do so (lots 676-679). His bronze ship issues carry the legend LAETITIA AVG, emphasizing the source of imperial well-being resides in a strong navy. The usurper M. Aurelius Carausius, commander of the classis Britannica under Diocletian, struck coins commemorating, in part, his control of that fleet and its abilities in keeping the sea lanes open (lot 680). His short-lived successor, Allectus, continued the type (lots 681-684).

One important function of the navy was the transportation of the imperial family on state visits. From the time of Augustus, vessels were dispatched to carry the emperor between the capital and the provinces. One such instance is commemorated in a rare bronze as, struck at Patrae in AD 66/7 (lot 609). The reverse depicts the quinquereme used to carry Nero on his infamous tour of Greece. Hadrian’s extensive travels were recorded with a wide variety of ship types struck at Rome (lots 610-622), and in the East (lot 623). An inscription from Ephesus (Syll. III 3241), records that a local captain, L. Erastus, used his ship to transport the emperor while he was in that area. A coin struck at Alexandria (lot 624) is of particular importance for, in the same year as the coin was struck Antinoüs drowned as the imperial party was sailing up the Nile. Hadrian’s successors continued to travel, now to shore up border conflicts or prepare for one of the periodic wars with Persia (lots 625-627; 631-675). By the middle of the third century AD local issues, rather than those minted at the imperial capital, recorded these events, a sign that the center of power was drifting away from Rome itself.

Warships were not the exclusive vessel of the Roman navy. Providing the empire with an uninterrupted supply of grain, as well as other necessary supplies, necessitated the construction of ship for such a purpose. Unlike the warship, which required speed and strength for ramming, the merchantman (Greek nau~ stroggulh; Latin navis oneraria) was of broader beam. Many of these vessels, like the ponto or more common actuaria resembled the shape of a trireme and could be powered by both oars and sails. Since ships of this type were used to transport vital commodities such as wine and grain, they, like the large ponto, are often those shown on coins from the Black Sea (lots 655 and 664-666). The great Roman merchantman, or corbita, often seen in part on imperial issues commemorating the annona, is more familiar (lots 607-608). Powered by two large sails, it featured a rear cabin in the shape of a swan and was the true workhorse of Roman merchant vessels; its type continued well into the Byzantine period.
3 commentsokidoki
Carinus-RIC-252.jpg
94. Carinus.9 viewsAntoninianus, 283 - 285 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG / Radiate bust of Carinus.
Reverse: FIDES MILITVM / Fides standing, holding two standards. K A E in exergue.
3.21 gm., 21 mm.
RIC #252.

According to Gibbon (XII), Carinus "was more than commonly deficient" in the qualities of virtue and prudence. He "displayed . . . the extravagancies of Elagabalus, aggravated by the cruelty of Domitian." It is said that he married no less than 9 wives, although we know the name of only one of them. However, Carinus must have been a fairly competent general since he defeated two formidable rebels -- Julianus and Diocletian. He was murdered by one of his officers (had an affair with the officer's wife) shortly after his victory, and the empire fell into the hands of Diocletian.
Callimachus
Antoniniano Diocleciano RIC 220.jpg
A107-02 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)69 viewsAE Antoniniano 22 x 21 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "IOVI CONSERVAT" - Júpiter desnudo de pié a izquierda, el manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo, portando un rayo en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda, protegiendo a una pequeña figura del Emperador ubicada a sus piés a izquierda. "QXXIT" en el exergo

Acuñada 285 D.C.
Ceca: Ticinum (Off. 4ta.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #220 Pag.243 - Cohen Vol.VI #206 Pag.436 - DVM #26 Pag.276
mdelvalle
RIC_220_Antoniniano_Diocleciano.jpg
A107-02 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)21 viewsAE Antoniniano 22 x 21 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "IOVI CONSERVAT" - Júpiter desnudo de pié a izquierda, el manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo, portando un rayo en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda, protegiendo a una pequeña figura del Emperador ubicada a sus piés a izquierda. "QXXIT" en el exergo

Acuñada 285 D.C.
Ceca: Ticinum (Off. 4ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #220 Pag.243 - Cohen Vol.VI #206 Pag.436 - DVM #26 Pag.276 - Sear RCTV #12661 Pag.96 - Hunter iv #42
mdelvalle
Antoniniano_Diocleciano_RIC_284.jpg
A107-03 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)47 viewsAE Antoniniano 21 mm 3.8 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORD-IA MIL-ITVM" - Emperador de pié a derecha con vestimentas militares, portando en la mano izquierda un Parazonium (Parazonio, espada corta, ancha y sin punta, que como señal de distinción portaban los Jefes Militares, sujeta con la correa en el lado izquierdo de la cintura), recibiendo una Victoriola (Victoria sobre un globo) de mano de Júpiter desnudo con su manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "dot XXI dot" en el exergo y "HA" en el campo central.

Acuñada: 292 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off. 1ra.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #284 Pag.249 - Cohen Vol.VI #34 Pag.419 - DVM #21 Pag.276 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3540
mdelvalle
RIC_284_Antoniniano_Diocleciano.jpg
A107-03 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)15 viewsAE Antoniniano 21 mm 3.8 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORD-IA MIL-ITVM" - Emperador de pié a derecha con vestimentas militares, portando en la mano izquierda un Parazonium (Parazonio, espada corta, ancha y sin punta, que como señal de distinción portaban los Jefes Militares, sujeta con la correa en el lado izquierdo de la cintura), recibiendo una Victoriola (Victoria sobre un globo) de mano de Júpiter desnudo con su manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "dot XXI dot" en el exergo y "HA" en el campo central.

Acuñada: 292 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off. 1ra.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #284 Pag.249 - Cohen Vol.VI #34 Pag.419 - DVM #21 Pag.276 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3540 - Sear RCTV #12636 Pag.94 - Hunter iv p.clxxx
mdelvalle
Antoniniano Diocleciano RIC 256.jpg
A107-04 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)51 viewsAE Antoniniano 22 mm 3.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" - Emperador de pié a derecha con vestimentas militares, portando en la mano izquierda un Parazonium, recibiendo una Victoriola de mano de Júpiter desnudo con su manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "XXI" en el exergo y "B" en el campo central.

Acuñada 293 - 295 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off. 2da.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #256 Pag.246 - Cohen Vol.VI #33 Pag.419 - DVM #21 Pag.276 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3540
mdelvalle
RIC_306_Antoniniano_Diocleciano.jpg
A107-04 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)13 viewsAE Antoniniano 22 mm 3.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" - Emperador de pié a derecha con vestimentas militares, portando en la mano izquierda un Parazonium, recibiendo una Victoriola de mano de Júpiter desnudo con su manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "XXI" en el exergo y "B" en el campo central.

Acuñada 293 - 294 D.C.
Ceca: Cízico (Off. 2da.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #306 Pag.253 - Cohen Vol.VI #33 Pag.419 - DVM #21 Pag.276 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3540 - Sear RCTV #12635P.94 - Hunter iv #60-62
mdelvalle
AE Radiado Diocleciano RIC 15a.jpg
A107-09 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)43 viewsAE Fracción radiada (post-reforma) 21 x 23 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" - Emperador de pié a derecha con vestimentas militares, portando en la mano izquierda un Parazonium, recibiendo una Victoriola de mano de Júpiter desnudo con su manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "KA" en el campo central.

Acuñada 295 - 297 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzicus (Off. 1ra.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI #15a Pag.581 - Cohen Vol.VI #34 Pag.419 - DVM #49 Pag.277 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7037e Pag.53
mdelvalle
RIC_Not_in_Fraccion_radiada_Diocleciano.jpg
A107-09 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)17 viewsAE Fracción radiada (post-reforma) 21 x 23 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" - Emperador de pié a derecha con vestimentas militares, portando en la mano izquierda un Parazonium, recibiendo una Victoriola de mano de Júpiter desnudo con su manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "KΔ" en el campo central.

Acuñada 295 - 297 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzicus (Off. 4ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI #15a var. (No para esta Oficina) Pag.581 - Cohen Vol.VI #34 Pag.419 - DVM #49 Pag.277 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7037e Pag.53 - Sear RCV IV #12834 Pag.112
mdelvalle
AE_Radiado_Diocleciano_RIC_15a,g.jpg
A107-10 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)33 viewsAE Fracción radiada (post-reforma) 21 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MI-LITVM" - Emperador de pié a derecha con vestimentas militares, portando en la mano izquierda un Parazonium, recibiendo una Victoriola de mano de Júpiter desnudo con su manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "KΓ" en el campo central.

Acuñada 295 - 297 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzicus (Off. 3ra.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI #15a Pag.581 - Cohen Vol.VI #34 Pag.419 - DVM #49 Pag.277 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7037e Pag.53
mdelvalle
RIC_15a_Fraccion_radiada_Diocleciano.jpg
A107-10 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)16 viewsAE Fracción radiada (post-reforma) 21 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MI-LITVM" - Emperador de pié a derecha con vestimentas militares, portando en la mano izquierda un Parazonium, recibiendo una Victoriola de mano de Júpiter desnudo con su manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "KΓ" en el campo central.

Acuñada 295 - 297 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzicus (Off. 3ra.)

Referencias: RIC VI #15a P.581, Cohen VI #34 P.419, DVM #49 P.277, Salgado MRBI III #7037e P.53, Sear RCV IV #12834 P.112
mdelvalle
AE Radiado Diocleciano RIC 16a.jpg
A107-11 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)45 viewsAE Fracción radiada (post-reforma) 20 mm 2.2 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" - Emperador de pié a derecha con vestimentas militares, portando en la mano izquierda un Parazonium, recibiendo una Victoriola de mano de Júpiter desnudo con su manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "KΔ" en el campo central.

Acuñada 295 - 297 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzicus (Off. 4ta.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI #16a Pag.581 - Cohen Vol.VI #34 Pag.419 - DVM #49 Pag.277 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7037e Pag.53
mdelvalle
RIC_13_21_Fraccion_radiada_Diocleciano.jpg
A107-11 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)11 viewsAE Fracción radiada (post-reforma) 20 mm 2.2 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" - Emperador de pié a derecha con vestimentas militares, portando en la mano izquierda un Parazonium, recibiendo una Victoriola de mano de Júpiter desnudo con su manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "HΔ" en el campo central.

Acuñada 295 - 298 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off. 4ta.)

Referencias: RIC VI #13/21 Pag.531-2, Cohen Vol.VI #34 Pag.419, DVM #49 Pag.277, Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7037d Pag.53, Sear RCV IV #12833 Pag.112
mdelvalle
AE Radiado Diocleciano RIC 76a.jpg
A107-13 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)60 viewsAE Fracción radiada (post-reforma) 21 x 19 mm 2.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VOT / X X" - Leyenda en dos líneas dentro de una guirnalda de hojas. "B" en el campo central.

Acuñada 297 - 298 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off. 2da.)
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Roma) #76a Pag.359 - Cohen Vol.VI #541 Pag.476 - DVM #50 Pag.277 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7038a Pag.53
mdelvalle
RIC_77a_Fraccion_radiada_Diocleciano.jpg
A107-13 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)12 viewsAE Fracción radiada (post-reforma) 21 x 19 mm 2.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VOT / X X" - Leyenda en dos líneas dentro de una guirnalda de hojas. "B" en el campo central.

Acuñada 297 - 298 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off. 2da.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Roma) #76a (R) Pag.359 - Cohen Vol.VI #541 Pag.476 - DVM #50 Pag.277 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7038a Pag.53 - Sear RCV IV #12842 Pag.113
mdelvalle
Follis Diocleciano RIC 12a.jpg
A107-20 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)120 viewsAE Follis 26 mm 9.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG" - Cabeza laureada, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GENIO POPVLI ROMANI" - Genio de pié a izquierda, desnudo salvo modius en la cabeza y chlamys colgando desde su hombro izquierdo, portando patera en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido, de la que cae cierto líquido y cornucopia en izquierda. "KΓ" en exergo.

Acuñada 294 - 305 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzicus (Off. 4ta.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Cyzicus) #12a Pag.580 - Cohen Vol.VI #106 Pag.426 - DVM #41 Pag.277 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7031.l.2 Pag.52
mdelvalle
RIC_12a_Nummus_Diocleciano.jpg
A107-20 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)25 viewsAE Follis 26 mm 9.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG" - Cabeza laureada, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GENIO POPVLI ROMANI" - Genio de pié a izquierda, desnudo salvo modius en la cabeza y chlamys colgando desde su hombro izquierdo, portando patera en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido, de la que cae cierto líquido y cornucopia en izquierda. "KΓ" en exergo.

Acuñada 294 - 305 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzicus (Off. 3ra.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Cyzicus) #12a Pag.580 - Cohen Vol.VI #106 Pag.426 - DVM #41 Pag.277 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7031.l.2 Pag.52 - Sear RCV IV #12791 Pag.108
mdelvalle
RIC_19a_Nummus_Diocleciano.jpg
A107-22 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)16 viewsAE Follis 28 mm 10.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG" - Cabeza laureada, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI" - Genio de pié a izquierda, desnudo salvo modius en la cabeza y chlamys colgando desde su hombro izquierdo, portando patera en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido, de la que cae cierto líquido y cornucopia en izquierda. "HTΓ" en exergo.

Acuñada 297 - 298 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off. 3ra.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Heraclea) #19a Pag.531 - Cohen Vol.VI #106 Pag.426 - DVM #41 Pag.277 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7031.j.2 Pag.52 - Sear RCV IV #12787 Pag.108
mdelvalle
BMC_2517_Tetradracma_ALEJANDRIA_Diocleciano.jpg
A107-30 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)14 viewsAlejandria - Egipto
Potin/Vellon Tetradracma 20 mm - 7.3 gr.

Anv: "AKΓ OYA ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB", Busto laureado, vestido y acorazad. a der.
Rev: Nike/Victoria avanzando a der., portando guirnalda/laurea en mano der. y hoja de palma en izq."L - Δ" en los campos. (Δ= año 4 = 288 D.C.)

Acuñada: 288 D.C.

Referencias: Milne #4878, Dattari #5729, BMC 15 #2517 P.325, SNG Cop #989
mdelvalle
Milne_4937_tetradracma_ALEJANDRIA_Diocleciano.jpg
A107-32 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)11 viewsAlejandria - Egipto
Potin/Vellon Tetradracma 19 mm - 8.5 gr.

Anv: "AKΓ OYA ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB", Cabeza laureada, viendo a der.
Rev: Elpis/Spes estante a izq., portando ramo de flores en mano der. y tomando la falda de su vestido con izq. "L - */S" en los campos. (S = año 6 = 290/1 D.C.)

Acuñada: 290/1 D.C.

Referencias: Milne #4937, Koin #3249, BMC 15 #2500 P.323
mdelvalle
Doble_Maiorina_Juliano_II_RIC_103B.jpg
A135-30 - Juliano II (360 - 363 D.C.)54 viewsAE1 Doble maiorina 27x29 mm 7.6 gr.

Anv: "DN FL CL IVLI - ANVS P F AVG" - Busto diademado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SECVRITAS REI PVB" – Toro a la derecha, viendo al frente, arriba de la cabeza dos estrellas. "•HERACL•B" en exergo.

Este reverso puede representar al toro Ápis (Dios solar, de la fertilidad, y posteriormente de los muertos, en la mitología egipcia) una imagen de culto perdida que se redescubrió durante el reinado de Juliano II. Éste es el último tipo pagano en la acuñación romana.

Acuñada: 3 Nov. 361 – 26 Jun. 363 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.VIII (Heraclea) #103B Pag.438 - Cohen Vol.VIII #38 Pag.48 - DVM #25 Pag.304 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8914.g.2 Pag.235 - Sear RCTV (1988) #4072 – G.Elmer “Die kupfergeldreform unter Julianus Philosophus” #83 – O.Voetter “Die münzen der romischen Kaiser vsw, von Diocletianus bis zum Romulus. Katalog der Sammlung Gerin” (Vienna, 1921) #4
mdelvalle
Doble_Maiorina_Juliano_II_RIC_224_1.jpg
A135-32 - Juliano II (360 - 363 D.C.)56 viewsAE1 Doble maiorina 28x27 mm 7.4 gr.

Anv: "DN FL CL IVLI - ANVS P F AVG" - Busto diademado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SECVRITAS REI PVB" – Toro a la derecha, viendo al frente, arriba de la cabeza dos estrellas. "(Palma)TES Γ•" en exergo.

Este reverso puede representar al toro Ápis (Dios solar, de la fertilidad, y posteriormente de los muertos, en la mitología egipcia) una imagen de culto perdida que se redescubrió durante el reinado de Juliano II. Éste es el último tipo pagano en la acuñación romana.

Acuñada: 3 Nov. 361 – 26 Jun. 363 D.C.
Ceca: Thesalonica (Off.3ra.)
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.VIII (Thessalonica) #224 Pag.423 - Cohen Vol.VIII #38 Pag.48 - DVM #25 Pag.304 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8914.f Pag.234 - Sear RCTV (1988) #4072 – LRBC #1695 – O.Voetter “Die münzen der romischen Kaiser vsw, von Diocletianus bis zum Romulus. Katalog der Sammlung Gerin” (Vienna, 1921) #4
mdelvalle
diocletian post-reform-radiate.jpg
AE radiate DIOCLETIAN - 295-296 AD23 viewsobv:IMP.C.C.VAL.DIOCLETIANVS.PF.AVG
rev:CONCORDIA.MILITVM (Jupiter presenting Victory to the Emperor) / KΓ
ref:RIC VI-Heracleia13, C.34
4.50gms, 21mm
The coinage reform of 294 AD had been issued several new coins. One of them called the AE radiate or the post-reform radiate. This coin appears to have been valued at 2 denarii communes making it the theoretical equivalent of the old antoninianus (but less or no AR content).
berserker
Greeeeeeeeeeeekz_095.JPG
AE tetradrachm of Diocletian (284-305 AD) from Alexandria, Egypt 103 viewsDiocletianus facing right, AVT DIOCLETIANOC CEB. Eagle standing left. (regnal year 4 - 287/8 AD). Green and blue patina, not completely cleaned. 21 mm, 8.4 grams. 4000


1 commentsAntonivs Protti
Alexandria_potin_tetradrachm_of_Diocletian,_285-286_AD.JPG
Alexandria potin tetradrachm of Diocletian41 viewsDiocletian
Egypt, Alexandria
Potin tetradrachm – 21mm
285-286 AD
laureate bust r.
AK ΓO VAΛ ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB
Athena seated l. on throne, holding Nike and spear, with shield, LB
Emmett 4032(2)
Ardatirion
Alexandria_Potin_tetradrachm_of_Diocletian,287-288_AD.jpg
Alexandria Potin tetradrachm of Diocletian, 287-288 AD46 viewsDiocletian
Egypt, Alexandria
Potin tetradrachm – 20mm
287-288 AD
laureate bust r.
AK ΓO VAΛΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB
Nike flying r., LΔ
Emmett 4064(4)
1 commentsArdatirion
IMG_4527-horz.jpg
Antoninianus Diocletian18 viewsAntoninianus
Diocletian
Obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, bust radiated, right
Rev: CONCORDIA MI/LITVM . B/ . XXX ., Emperorand Jupiter standing, holding Victory
Tomasz P
PIUS_BI__TETRA.png
ANTONINUS PIUS / SERAPIS , Alexandria BILLION TETRADRACHM40 viewsMINTED IN ALEXANDRIA , EGYPT FROM 138 - 161 AD
OBVERSE : ANTwNINO C CEBEUC CEB Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
REVERSE : Draped bust of Serapis right,modius on head. L K
References : SNG Cop 426 ( No, L K ?)

22.2 MM AND 13.15 GRAMS.

Alexandria ( of Egypt ) issued billon tetradrachms in large numbers between the reign of Augustus and the closing of the Alexandrian mint during the reign of Diocletian. These coins were no doubt mainly intended to pay the salaries of government officials, of the permanent garrison, and of the temporary troops stationed in Alexandria for purposes of war. They were probably also the form in which taxes in money were received, and were used for trade among the people within the city of Alexandria and other Graeco-Roman cities in Egypt. They also served the purpose of providing a subsidiary coinage with Greek legends which formed the vehicle for Roman imperial propaganda throughout Egypt. On the reverse of these coins were placed the Egyptian Hellenized deities, as an indication of the goodwill of the Roman emperors towards Egypt.
The greater part of the agricultural population of Egypt had scarcely any need for coins except to pay their taxes. The real currency and measure of value in the agricultural settlements was grain, wine or oil. The chief export of Egypt was grain, and this did not bring much money to the cultivators, for most of the grain was collected as tribute, not in trade, and they got nothing in return. Consequently, there is reason to suppose that considerably fewer coins circulated in Egypt generally than the region of Alexandria.
From the reign of Nero onwards, Egypt enjoyed an era of prosperity which lasted a century. Much trouble was caused by religious conflicts between the Greeks and the Jews, particularly in Alexandria, which after the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD become the world centre of Jewish religion and culture. Under Trajan a Jewish revolt occurred, resulting in the suppression of the Jews of Alexandria and the loss of all their privileges, although they soon returned. Hadrian, who twice visited Egypt, founded Antinoöpolis in memory of his drowned lover Antinous. From his reign onwards buildings in the Greco-Roman style were erected throughout the country. Under Marcus Aurelius, however, oppressive taxation led to a revolt (139 AD) of the native Egyptians, which was suppressed only after several years of fighting.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
2 commentsSam
Screen_Shot_2014-11-24_at_12_05_00_AM.png
Aurelian Antoninianus Coin123 viewsThis type refers to Aurelian's defeat of Zenobia's Palmyrene Empire in the east. The captives wear Parthian caps and are typically attributed as Persians. The real captives were more likely Palmyreans. Typical of Roman propaganda, Zenobia's Sasanian supporters are depicted to glorify Aurelian's victory and mask that this was an internal revolt and civil war.

RS52117. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 151, gVF, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, weight 4.178g, maximum diameter 24.1mm, die axis 180o, 270 - 275 A.D.; obverse IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse ORIENS AVG, Sol advancing left, raising right hand, globe in left, two bound captives at feet, TXXT in exergue; near full circles strike, extensive silvering remaining
Colby S
diocletian_concordia.jpg
BCC Lr255 viewsRoman Imperial
Diocletian 284-305 CE
pre-reform AE Antoninianus
Obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust rt.
Rev: CONCORDIA MILI TVM
emperor std before Jupiter receiving
Victory on globe. In field: HE in ex. dot XXI dot
22 mm. 3.22 gm. Axis: 180
Sear 3410 (1981) RIC 284
Mint of Heraclea
v-drome
diocletian_concordia~0.jpg
BCC LR2427 viewsLate Roman Imperial
Diocletian 284-305 A.D.
AE Post-reform radiate
Obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIA MI-LITVM
Emperor std. before Jupiter receiving Victory on globe.
in fld. Γ in ex. ALE
20 mm 2.92 gm. Axis:0
RIC VI 47, Sear 3440 (1981)
v-drome
thothorses_2_k.jpg
Bosporan Kingdom, Tiberius Julius Thothorses, c. AD 278-308/95 viewsAE Stater, 20mm, 7.6g, 12h; Uncertain mint (Panticapaeum?), AD 290.
Obv.: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΘΟΘΩΡΣΟΥ; Diademed, draped bust of king right.
Rev.: Laureate head of Diocletian right, tamga in right field // ΖΠΦ (587 = 290 AD).
Reference: cf. Anokhin 735, Mionnet 2, 160ff.
Notes: eBay, 10/23/15, rq
John Anthony
Diocletian_Alexandria.JPG
Caius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus, 284 - 305 AD53 viewsObv: A K Г OVA ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB, laureate, draped bust of Diocletian facing right.

Rev: Homonia standing left, raising her right hand and holding a double cornucopia, a star in field to left, L/B (reginal year 2) in field.

Billon Tetradrachm, Alexandria mint, 285 - 286 AD

6.3 grams, 18.8 mm, 0°

Not in Sear
SPQR Coins
DiocletianArg.jpg
CAMPGATE, Diocletian, Argenteus341 viewsDIOCLETI-ANVS AVG

VICTORIA SARMAT
3 commentssocalcoins
00dioclplat~1.jpg
CAMPGATE, DIOCLETIAN, ARGENTEUS164 viewsDIOCLETIAN
AR argenteus. Siscia,294-295 AD. 3,34 grs. Laureate head right. DIOCLETIANVS AVG / The four tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod before eight-turreted camp gate. VIRTVS MILITVM.
RIC 43 a. C 516.
1 commentsbenito
00476q00.jpg
Carausius25 viewsAE-Antoninianus
CARAVSIVS ET FRATRES SVI; Jugate, radiate and cuirassed busts of Maximianus, Diocletian and Carausius to left.
PAX AVGGG; Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and vertical sceptre; S/P in fields.
Ex: C
Camulodunum
RIC V,II; 1
1 commentsJulianus of Pannonia
Carausius_AE_antoninianus,_273-285_AD,_Camulodunum.JPG
Carausius AE antoninianus, 273-285 AD, Camulodunum33 viewsCarausius
AE antoninianus –
Camoludunum, 287-293 AD
radiate, draped, cuirassed bust r.
IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG
Pax standing facing holding palm branch and transverse sceptre
PAX AVGGG, S|P / C
RIC Vb Camulodunum 334; Carson 16, Bourne 79

The AVGGG on the reverse is a reference to Carausius' desire to associate himself with the legitimate regime, relating himself to Diocletian and Maximian as a co-emperor.
Ardatirion
IMG_2975.JPG
Carausius for Maximian31 viewsCarausius for Maximian.
AE Antoninainus.
5.24 gm.

Radiate and cuirassed bust of Maximian facing right; IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG/ Pax standing left holding sceptre and branch S left P right; PAX AVGGG. MLXXI in exergue.

V2 London 34

The three G's in AVGGG represented Carausius, Diocletian and Maximianus as part of an attempt by Carausius to become equal in power with Diocletian and Maximianus, which failed.
ex Jamesicus
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Carus_Milne_4738.JPG
Carinus11 viewsBillon tetradrachm, references: Milne 4738, Curtis 1926, BMC Alexandria 2457, Geissen 3186, SNG Cop 958, Emmett 4010; condition: VF, mint: Alexandria, weight: 8.093g, maximum diameter: 19.8mm, die axis: 0o, date struck: 29 Aug 284 - spring 285 A.D.; obverse A K M A KAPINOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse ETOYC Γ (year 3), Nike advancing right, holding palm-branch and wreath; scarce

From FORVM:
Carinus was the son of Carus who was Praetorian prefect during the reign of Probus. After his father seized power, Carinus was raised to the rank of Caesar in October 282 and left to manage the Western provinces while his father and brother Numerian campaigned against the Persians in the east. The campaign was a success, but Carus was killed by lightning. In 285 Carinus left Rome to confront the usurper Julian I and then Diocletian, who had been declared Augustus by his troops. Carinus was nearly victorious in battle but was murdered by one of his chief officers - apparently Carinus had seduced his wife.

Purchased from FORVM
Sosius
max pagan com.JPG
Civic Issue under Maximinus II 23 viewsAE 14.8 mm 1.33 grams 310-312 AD
1/4 Nummus
OBV :: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI. Zeus sitting left on throne holding scepter in left and glode in right hands
REV :: VICTOR-IA AVGG. Nike walking left holding wreath in right hand, palm in left. Delta in left , Epsilon in right fields
EX :: unknown
Minted in Antioch ?
Vagi 2955, Sear ( under Julian II) 4080
purchased 04/2008

Note: The Civic Issues of Antioch, Alexandria and Nicomedia were thought to have been produced by Julian II when RIC VI was written, therefore the entire series is missing. This series was produced during the period of Christian persecution by Maximinus II, Diocletian and Galerius and the Antioch issues portray important local statues: the Tyche erected by Eutychides (a pupil of Lysippus), the Apollo by Bryaxis of Athens and possibly the Zeus Nikephoros of the Temple of Apollo at Daphne which Antiochos IV commissioned for his great festival of 167 BC.

Historical information taken from Coinage of the Roman Empire, Vol II, p.516 by David Vagi
Johnny
civic issue.jpg
Civic Issue under Maximinus II49 viewsAnonymous Civic Issue during the time of Maximinus II, AE Quarter Follis, c.310-312, Antioch, Officina 10
GENIO AN_TIOCHENI
Tyche, turreted and veiled, seated facing on rock, river-god Orontes swimming in front
APOLLONI-SANCTO
Apollo standing facing, head left, patera in right hand, lyre in left
I in right field
SMA in exergue
16mm x 17mm, 1.65g
RIC VI, --; Vagi 2954
purchased 09/09/2007
Note: The Civic Issues of Antioch, Alexandria and Nicomedia were thought to have been produced by Julian II when RIC VI was written, therefore the entire series is missing. This series was produced during the period of Christian persecution by Maximinus II, Diocletian and Galerius and the Antioch issues portray important local statues: the Tyche erected by Eutychides (a pupil of Lysippus), the Apollo by Bryaxis of Athens and possibly the Zeus Nikephoros of the Temple of Apollo at Daphne which Antiochos IV commissioned for his great festival of 167 BC.

Historical information from Coinage of the Roman Empire, Vol II, p.516 by David Vagi
Johnny
IMG_4338.JPG
Collage16 viewsDiocletianus Follis
Genius standing left,
wearing modius and chlamys over shoulder,
holding patera and cornucopiae.
Juancho
diocletian.jpg
CONCORDIA MILITVM, Heraclea, RIC 28417 viewsDiocletianus, 284 – 305. 2,93 g. 21 mm. Mint: Heraclea. Antoninianus. Obv: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, radiated head, right. Rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian. RIC 284.Podiceps
41924_Diocletina_post_reform_RIC_VI_13,_aVF,_Heraclea.jpg
CONCORDIA MILITVM, RIC VI 13, Heraclea13 viewsDiocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D. Copper post-reform radiate, RIC VI 13, aVF, Heraclea mint, 2.508g, 20.2mm, 0o, c. 295 - 296 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian holding parazonium, standing left, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter holding spear, HA in center; excellent centering, bare red copper. The Roman's believed Jupiter granted protection and success to his favorites, who tended to be people in positions of authority similar to his own. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Costantine2.jpg
Constantine II 337-340 A.D.34 views
Metal: Bronze
Diam: 16 mm.
Weight: 1.6 gr.

OBV: Constantine II, Elder son of Constantine The Great :Diademed and cuirassed bust facing Right
OBV-LEGEND: CONSTANTINVSIVNNOBC
Marks-OBV: None

REV: Two helmeted soldiers standing with spears & shields, facing one standard between them.
REV-LEGEND : GLOR IAEXER ITUS
Marks-REV: In Exergue: SMNA also Alignment shifted 180 (Obv and Rev. are upside down one to aother)

Source : N/A
Age: 337-340 A.D.
Mint: Nicomedia *
*Nicomedia Nicomedia (Greek: Νικομήδεια, modern İzmit in Turkey) was founded by Nicomedes I of Bithynia at the head of the Gulf of Astacus which opens to the Propontis. The city was founded in 712 BC and, in early Antiquity, was called Astacus or Olbia. After being destroyed, it was rebuilt by Nicomedes I in 264 BC under the name of Nicomedia, and has ever since been one of the most important cities in northwestern Asia Minor. Hannibal came to Nicomedia in his final years and committed suicide in nearby Libyssa (Diliskelesi, Gebze). The historian Arrian was born there. Nicomedia was the metropolis of Bithynia under the Roman Empire, and Diocletian made it the eastern capital city of the Roman Empire in 286 when he introduced the Tetrarchy system. Nicomedia remained as the eastern (and most senior) capital of the Roman Empire until co-emperor Licinius was defeated by Constantine the Great at the Battle of Chrysopolis (Üsküdar) in 324. Constantine mainly resided in Nicomedia as his interim capital city for the next six years, until in 330 he declared the nearby Byzantium as Nova Roma, which eventually became known as Constantinople (present-day Istanbul). Constantine died in a royal villa at the vicinity of Nicomedia in 337. Owing to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads leading to the new capital, Nicomedia retained its importance even after the foundation of Constantinople.[1]

However, a major earthquake on 24 August 358 caused extensive devastation to Nicomedia and was followed by a fire which completed the catastrophe. Nicomedia was rebuilt, but on a smaller scale.[2] In the sixth century under Emperor Justinian the city was extended with new public buildings. Situated on the roads leading to the capital, the city remained a major military center, playing an important role in the Byzantine campaigns against the Caliphate.[3]

From the 840s on, Nicomedia was the capital of the thema of the Optimatoi. By that time, most of the old, seawards city had been abandoned and is described by the Arab geographer Ibn Khurdadhbeh as lying in ruins. The settlement had obviously been restricted to the hilltop citadel.[3] In the 1080s, the city served as the main military base for Alexios I Komnenos in his campaigns against the Seljuk Turks, and the First and Second Crusades both encamped there. The city was held by the Latin Empire between 1204 and ca. 1240, when it was recovered by John III Vatatzes. It remained in Byzantine control for a further century, but following the Byzantine defeat at the Battle of Bapheus in 1302, it was threatened by the rising Ottoman beylik. The city was twice blockaded by the Ottomans (in 1304 and 1330) before finally succumbing in 1337.[3]



Ref : Ric VII 189
Michel C2
coin_5_quart.jpg
CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG (the 1st) / GLORIA EXERCITVS AE3/4 follis (306-337 A.D.)19 viewsCONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, (laurel and?) rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers standing inward facing each other, holding spears, shields and two standards between them, "dot" (clearly filled) on banners. Mintmark: SMNE (?) in exergue.

AE3/4, 16.5-17mm, 2.46g, die axis 12 (medal alignment), material: bronze/copper-based alloy

MAX AVG = Maximus Augustus, the Great Emperor, Gloria Exercitus (noun + genitive) "The Glory of the Army", SMNE = Sacra Moneta Nicomedia, "officina epsilon", i. e. workshop#5.

Limiting information to only what is known for sure: the legends with the particular breaks, two standards and four-letter mintmark starting with SM, we conclude that this is definitely Constantine I, and only 3 mints are possible: SMN... Nicomedia (RIC VII Nicomedia 188), SMH... Heraclea (RIC VII Nicomedia 111) and SMK... Cyzicus (RIC VII Cyzicus 76-79). All are minted in 330-335 A.D. If the mintmark is indeed SMN..., two variations are listed: rosette-diademed and laurel- and rosette-diademed (laurels typically designated by longish shapes and rosettes as squares with dots). Since the obverse is worn, it is difficult to judge which one is the case here. One can definitely see the rosettes, but as for laurels... probably, not. Officina may be E or S, but I think E fits better.

Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus, aka Constantine the Great, aka Saint Constantine, born 27 Feb c. 272 to Flavius Valerius Constantius (aka Constantius I), a Roman Army officer of Illyrian origins, and a Greek woman of low birth Helena (aka Saint Helena). His father became Caesar, the deputy emperor in the west, in 293 AD. Constantine was sent east, where he rose through the ranks to become a military tribune under Emperors Diocletian and Galerius. In 305, Constantius raised himself to the rank of Augustus, senior western emperor, and Constantine was recalled west to campaign under his father in Britannia (Britain). Constantine was acclaimed as emperor by the army at Eboracum (modern-day York) after his father's death in 306 AD, and he emerged victorious in a series of civil wars against Emperors Maxentius and Licinius to become sole ruler of both west and east by 324 AD. He did so many a great deed that there is no point to list them here. Best known for (having some sort of Christ-related mystical experience in 312, just before the decisive Battle of the Milvian Bridge with Maxentius) being the first Roman Emperor to convert to Christianity and for being a champion of this faith, in particular, he played an influential role in the proclamation of the Edict of Milan in 313, which declared religious tolerance for Christianity in the Roman empire, and called the First Council of Nicaea in 325 that produced the statement of Christian belief known as the Nicene Creed. Died 22 May 337, famously being baptized on his deathbed. Succeeded by his 3 sons: Constantine II, Constantius II and Constans.
Yurii P
Constantius_RIC_38a.JPG
Constantius (as Caesar), 293 - 305 AD43 viewsObv: CONSTANTIVS CAES, laureate bust of Constantius I facing right.

Rev: VICTORIA SARMAT, the tetrarchs, (Diocletian, Maximianus, Constantius I and Galerius) sacrificing over a tripod altar in front of a camp gate with six turrets; Z in exergue.

Silver Argenteus, Rome mint (officina 7), 295 - 297 AD

2.9 grams, 19 x 17 mm, 0°

RIC VI 38a, RSC 286†d, VM 9
1 commentsSPQR Coins
constantiusI_673var.jpg
Constantius I RIC VI, 673 var.100 viewsConstantinus I Chlorus, Caesar 293 - 305, father of Constantin I
AR - Antoninianus, 4.45g, 22.4mm
Antiochia AD 293
obv. FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
draped, cuirassed bust, seen from behind, radiate head r.
rev. IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS CAES
Jupiter standing r., holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules standing l.,
holding victory, club and lion's skin.
field: dot above S
exergue: XXI
RIC V/2, 673 var., unlisted in RIC
R5(?); about EF
added to www.wildwinds.com
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

1. These Antoniniani are very scarce in anticipation of the currency reform AD 294. Coins in circulation were withdrawn and melted down (Forum)
2. This type is known for Diocletian (A - Z) and Galerius (Gamma) and was expected for Constantius too (S), but not yet known (Curtis Clay)
Jochen
WPIMG_3628.jpg
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace362 viewsDiocletian's palace is historical centre of Split - Croatia.1 commentsJohny SYSEL
WPIMG_3722.jpg
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace - Cathedral of St. Domnius (St. Duje)324 viewsCathedral of St. Duje is build over Diocletian's mausoleum.Johny SYSEL
WPIMG_3727.jpg
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace - peristyle357 viewspart of cathedrale of St. Duje in the left upper cornerJohny SYSEL
WPIMG_3471.jpg
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace - peristyle - sphinx400 viewsDiocletian's palace is historical centre of Split - Croatia.Johny SYSEL
WPIMG_3740.jpg
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace - silver gate434 viewseast gate leading to the centre of Split.Johny SYSEL
IMG_3596.JPG
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace - temple of Jupiter295 viewslater converted to babtisteryJohny SYSEL
IMG_3646.JPG
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace, basement345 viewsRomans who escaped from near Salona in 7th century reocupied Diocletian's palace. They lived in higher floors above basement. These rooms was gradually filled by garbage through holes in ceiling so basment remained preserved until these days. Johny SYSEL
IMG_3707.JPG
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace, basement303 viewsRomans who escaped from near Salona in 7th century reocupied Diocletian's palace. They lived in higher floors above basement. These rooms was gradually filled by garbage through holes in ceiling so basment remained preserved until these days. Johny SYSEL
IMG_3611.JPG
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace, temple of Jupiter282 viewsinterior with modern statue
Temple was converted to babtistery later.
Johny SYSEL
diocletian_quies.png
Diocletan 4.01.00212 viewsD N DIALETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG
(R. laur in imperial mantle r. holding olive branch l. mappa)
Rev PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG
(Providentia r. extending hand to Quies who is holding a branch and leaning on a sceptre)
No mintmark
London
RIC VI 77a CT 4.01.002 (C)
8.6g
(ex Beast Coins)
(These coins were issued when Diocletian and Maximian Herculius retired in 305 AD. The reverse legend means "Divine Providence and Tranquility for our Emperors" and is the Roman equivalent of saying "All the best for your retirement."
Noviomagus
2018-05-23.jpg
Diocletanius ad 284-30514 viewsNiclas E
diocletian.jpg
diocletian200 views Diocletian, Antoninianus, 285-290, Tripolis, Officina 1
IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
IOVI CONSERVATOR_I AVGG
Emperor standing right, short scepter in left hand, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, scepter in left
TR in lower middle field
XXI palm in exergue
22mm x 23mm, 3.65g
RIC V, Part II, 329
3 commentsb70
20180507_213205868_iOS.jpg
Diocletian19 viewsMatthew H
c3~0.JPG
Diocletian39 viewsDiocletian
AE Antoninianus
Date: 285 AD
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG - Bust right
Reverse: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG Crescent * B in field - Jupiter holding globe and Hercules holding Victory, facing
Mint: Antioch

ecoli
diocletian.jpg
diocletian30 viewsDiocletian
284-305A.D.
AE Antoninianus RICVII, 306s, Cohen 33
Ob: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG Radiate, draped bust right
Rv: CONCORDIA MILITVM Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian, B between
Ex: XXIdot (Cyzicus, struck 286-293)
Scotvs Capitis
probus.JPG
Diocletian59 viewsAE 19-21 mm 3.2 grams
OBV :: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG. Jupiter standing left presenting sceptre, presenting Victory on globe to Emperor who is standing right holding parazonium or sceptre. Epsilon in center
EX :: XXI ( Antioch )
RIC V-2 325 Antioch
RIC rated Common
from uncleaned lot 04/2008
Johnny
00diocaquileia.jpg
DIOCLETIAN 18 viewsAE follis. Aquileia , 301 AD. 10.18 gm. Laureate head right. IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG. / Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia. SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR. In exergue AQP.
RIC VI 31 a.
Ex Barry P. Murphy.
benito
1Diocletian.JPG
Diocletian34 views284-305 AD
AE Antoninianus (22mm, 2.83g)
O: Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG.
R: Diocletian receiving Victory from Hercules; IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, XXI in ex.
RIC 275v
ex M&R Coins
Enodia
diocletian_com.JPG
Diocletian122 viewsAE 18 mm 2.8 grams
OBV :: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassdd bust right
REV :: CONCORDIA MIL-ITVM. Emperor receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter who is leaning on scepter. crescent over S in center
EX :: ANT ( Antioch )
RIC VI Antioch 62A
RIC rated common
from uncleaned lot 08/2008
Johnny
00340-diocletian.jpg
Diocletian39 viewsDiocletian Argenteus
19.8 mm 3.064 gm
O: DIOCLETIANVS AVG
Laureate head right
R: VIRTVS MILITVM
The four princes sacrificing over tripod before archway of six-turreted enclosure
John Campbell
polllo.JPG
Diocletian42 viewsDIOCLETIAN. 286-305 AD. Æ Follis. Aquileia mint, 2nd officina. Struck 296 AD. IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae; AQS. RIC VI 23a. near EF, Some silvering remaining. Molinari
coin380.JPG
Diocletian51 viewsDiocletian AE antoninianus. Heraclea, AD 291. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust right, draped / CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian.

RIC 284a

Check
1 commentsecoli
diocletian1.jpg
DIOCLETIAN23 viewsAE follis. 295-296 AD. Cyzicus. 29 mm.12.07 gr. Laureate head right. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG. / Genius standing facing,head left,holding patera and cornucopiae. GENIO POPVLI ROMANI. K Delta in exergue. RIC 10 a.benito
00dioclet.jpg
DIOCLETIAN32 viewsAE follis. Serdica 305-307 AD. 9,33 grs. Laureate bust right,wearing imperial mantle,and holding branch and mappa. D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG. / Quies and Providentia,the latter holding branch and leaning on sceptre facing each other. PROVIDENTIA DEORUM QUIES AVGG. S A F in field. .SM. SD. in exergue. C.493 (2f). RIC.15 b. benito
00diocletpotin.jpg
DIOCLETIAN13 viewsPotin tetradrachm. Alexandria 286-287 AD. 8,04 grs. Laureate, draped ,bust right. A K Γ OVΛ ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB. / Eagle standing left, head right, wreath in beak. ETOYC - Γ.
Milne 4845.

benito
00diocletiangenio.jpg
DIOCLETIAN29 viewsAE follis. 295-296 AD. Cyzicus. 29 mm.12.07 gr. Laureate head right. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG. / Genius standing facing,head left,holding patera and cornucopiae. GENIO POPVLI ROMANI. K Delta in exergue. RIC 10 a.
benito
00diocletianmonet.jpg
DIOCLETIAN35 viewsAE follis. Aquileia , 301 AD. 10.18 gm. Laureate head right. IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG. / Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia. SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR. In exergue AQP.
RIC VI 31 a.
benito
00diocletabdic.jpg
DIOCLETIAN67 viewsAE follis. Serdica 305-307 AD. 9,33 grs. Laureate bust right,wearing imperial mantle,and holding branch and mappa. D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG. / Quies and Providentia,the latter holding branch and leaning on sceptre facing each other. PROVIDENTIA DEORUM QUIES AVGG. S A F in field. .SM. SD. in exergue. C.493 (2f). RIC.15 b.
benito
00diocletpotin~0.jpg
DIOCLETIAN21 viewsPotin tetradrachm. Alexandria 286-287 AD. 8,04 grs. Laureate, draped ,bust right. A K Γ OVΛ ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB. / Eagle standing left, head right, wreath in beak. ETOYC - Γ.
Milne 4845.
1 commentsbenito
00diocletianmonet2.jpg
DIOCLETIAN21 viewsAE Follis. Ticinum 300-303 AD. 10,74 grs. Laureate head right . IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG. / Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae. SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR. In exergue ST (dot)
RIC 45 a.
benito
00dioclplat.jpg
DIOCLETIAN46 viewsAR argenteus. Siscia,294-295 AD. 3,34 grs. Laureate head right. DIOCLETIANVS AVG / The four tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod before eight-turreted camp gate. VIRTVS MILITVM.
RIC 43 a. C 516.
1 commentsbenito
00dioclplat~0.jpg
DIOCLETIAN24 viewsAR argenteus. 294-295 AD. 3,34 grs. Laureate head right. DIOCLETIANVS AVG / The four tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod before eight-turreted camp gate. VIRTVS MILITVM.
benito
kkikk.JPG
Diocletian42 viewsDiocletian, 284 to 305 AD, Athena holding Nike, shield at feet, Delta in field to left. Milne 4851Molinari
DIOCLETIAN.JPG
Diocletian 49 viewsDiocletian - Potin Tetradrachm of Alexandria - Milne 4821

O: A K GOYA L DIOKLHTIANOC CEB, laureate draped bust right

R: Tyche standing left holding rudder & cornucopiae, LΓ to right

6.8g, 19.5/20.5mm, 315 degree die axis, Year 3 = 287 AD
BiancasDad
diocletian_tetrachy_coin.jpg
Diocletian21 viewsO: D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, Laureated bust right, in imperial mantle, right hand holding an olive branch, left a mappa
R: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, right hand holding branch, and left leaning on sceptre, A in center field, ● ANT o in exergue
James b4
Diocletian.JPG
Diocletian9 viewsIMP C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
CONCORDIA MILITVM
AE antoninianus, 21.5mm, 3.69g
Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Jupiter standing right presenting victory holding wreath to Diocletian, H between
XXI in ex.
novacystis
Diocletian_Tet_2.jpg
Diocletian12 viewsDIOCLETIAN
Tetradrachm, Alexandria Mint
Year 4 = 287-288 A.D.
Laureate Bust r. / Nike advancing right
Emmett 4066 (R3); VF
Sosius
Diocletian_Tet_1.jpg
Diocletian7 viewsDIOCLETIAN
Tetradrachm, Alexandria Mint
Year 3 = 286-287 A.D.
Laureate bust r. / Athena standing facing, head l., holding spear and shield; L-Gamma
Emmett 4030
Sosius
Diocletian~0.jpg
Diocletian73 viewsIMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG
Laureate head right

GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left holding patera and Cornucopiae SF in fields PTR in ex.

Trier 294 AD

9.74g

29 mm

RIC 582
EF
2 commentsJay GT4
Diocletian.png
Diocletian11 viewsDiocletian, Post abdication Follis, Aquileia, AD 305-306. DN DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate bust right, wearing imperial mantle, holding olive-branch and mappa / PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies, standing left, holding branch and sceptre. S-F across outer fields. Mintmark AQP. RIC VI Aquileia 64a Ajax
20181115_171344_resized.jpg
Diocletian10 viewsarash p
jupiter1_(800x383).jpg
Diocletian3 viewsDiocletian
Antoninianus minted Siscia 293 AD, 2.5 gm RIC V/11 263. Sear 12640
Ancient Aussie
Diocletian Coin17.jpg
Diocletian 284 – 305 CE, Cyzicus (or Heraclea), 295-297 CE, 20mm, post-reform copper radiate45 viewsDiocletian 284 – 305 CE, Cyzicus (or Heraclea), 295-297 CE, 20mm, post-reform copper radiate

Obverse: IMPCCVALDIOCLETIANVSPFAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: CONCORDIAMILITVM Exe: KΓ - Diocletian standing right on left, receiving globe from Jupiter to right, holding scepter.

Reference: RIC 16a (VI, Cyzicus)
Daniel Friedman
5__uncleaned__8__done.jpg
Diocletian 284-305 AD 9 viewsRef: RIC V-306
Denom: Antoninianus; Mint:Cyzicus
Date:286-293 AD
OBV: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG- Radiate, draped bust right.
REV: CONCORDIA MILITVM-Diocletian on left, facing right, holding spear,
receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter to right, holding scepter.
Exe: A/XXI•
Size: 21.5 mm
Cleaned
brian l
Diocletian_7.jpg
DIOCLETIAN AE27 Silvered Follis20 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right
REVERSE: GENIO POPV-L-IROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera & cornucopia, HTA in ex.
Struck at Heraclea, 296-297 AD
9.3g, 27mm
RIC VI 19a
Legatus
LT-KKUT.jpg
DIOCLETIAN Argenteus42 viewsDIOCLETI-ANVS AVG, laureate head right / VICTORIAE SARMATICAE, camp-gate with open doors, surmounted by four turrets; star above door.

*, SMNG = Nicomedia.

AR Argenteus, c295, c18mm, c3.0g.

RIC25a(R3), RSC492a.

Ex. I Jones collection.
2 commentsTLP
DIOCLET-1.jpg
Diocletian RIC V 1316 viewsObv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
radiate draped bust right
Rev: CONCORDIA MILI-TVM
Diocletian standing right in military dress,
receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter leaning
on sceptre, HA between
20mm 2.2gm
OWL365
dio  iovi cons com.JPG
Diocletian RIC V-2 Antioch 32452 viewsAE 20 mm 5.2 grams 384 AD
OBV :: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirasssed bust right
REV :: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG. Jupiter standing holding scepter, presenting victory on globe to emperor who is standing right holding scepter. Epsilon in center
EX :: XXI ( antioch )
RIC V-2 Antioch 324
RIC rated C2
from uncleaned lot 10/2007
Johnny
DIOCLET-4.jpg
Diocletian RIC VI 13 12 viewsObv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
radiate draped bust right
Rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM
Diocletian standing right in military dress, receiving
Victory on globe from Jupiter H Delta between.
21mm 2.9gm
OWL365
071309084~0.jpg
Diocletian (284 - 305 A.D.)45 viewsÆ(S) Antoninianus
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter stg R hldg globe and scepter; Hercules stg L hldg Victory, club,& lionskin, crescent & Z in center, XXI in ex.
Antioch Mint
4.0g
21.6mm
RIC V 323
3 commentsMat
diotet.jpg
Diocletian (284 - 305 A.D.)25 viewsEgypt, Alexandria
Potin Tetradrachm
O.: A K Γ OYA Λ ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB; Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
R.: Alexandria standing left holding head of Serapis and scepter, star to right, L-Є across fields (Year 5).
Alexandria mint, 288/289 A.D.
20mm
6.6g
Milne 4915, Curtis 1956
Mat
RIC_Diocletian_RIC_VI_Alexandria_30a.JPG
Diocletian (284-305 A.D.) (Caius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus)11 viewsRIC XI Alexandria 30a

AE1 Follis 24-27 mm

Alexandria mint, third officina, struck 300 A.D.

Obv: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head, right.

Rev: GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI, Genius standing left, wearing modius on head, chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera (from which liquid flows) and cornucopiae, XXI in left field, Γ in right field, ALE in exergue

RIC rarity C2
Stkp
diocletian-jupiter.jpg
Diocletian (292 AD) AE Antoninianus, Rome mint, Jupiter11 viewsRoman Imperial, Diocletian (292 AD) AE Antoninianus, Rome mint

Obverse: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right

Reverse: IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter, naked, standing facing, looking right, holding thunderbolt and scepter, eagle at foot with wreath in beak. Mintmark XXIΔ.

Reference: RIC V-2 166
Gil-galad
seal008.jpg
DIOCLETIAN (?). ROMAN LEAD SEAL147 viewsBareheaded, bearded bust (Diocletian) right, confronted by bearded and diademed bust(Jupiter?) left

14x13x5mm

2.35g; conical shape; very fine

Note: The attribution to Diocletian is uncertain. The portrait is not laureate and could be a dignitary or private citizen.

From the Gert Boersema files
Jay GT4
TC-01.jpg
Diocletian (A.D. 284-305)23 viewsAE Antoninianus, A.D. 284-294, Cyzicus, 21.7mm, 4.56g, 180°, RIC V 306.
Obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM. Emperor and Jupiter standing. Jupiter holding globe with Victory; Γ in field. XXI• in ex.
Joseph D5
00156.jpg
Diocletian (RIC 13/21, Coin #156)28 viewsRIC 13/21 (C), Post-reform Radiate, Heraclea, 295-296 AD.
Obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM Diocletian holding a parazonium, standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter who is holding a spear. HA between.
Size: 21.2mm 3.24gm
MaynardGee
00065.jpg
Diocletian (RIC 13/21, Coin #65)15 viewsRIC 13/21 (C), Post-reform Radiate, Heraclea, 295-297 AD.
Obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG Radiate draped bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM Diocletian standing right in military dress, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter. H delta between.
Size: 21.7mm 2.72gm
MaynardGee
00231.jpg
Diocletian (RIC 15a, Coin #231)12 viewsRIC 15a, AE Antoninianus, Cyzicus, 294-305 AD.
Obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG Radiate & cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM Jupiter standing right, holding scepter, presenting Victory on globe to emperor. K B in center.
Size: 20.5mm 2.90gm
MaynardGee
00264.jpg
Diocletian (RIC 16a, Coin #264)12 viewsRIC 16a (C), AE Antoninianus, Cyzicus, 295-299 AD.
Obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM Jupiter presenting Victory to Diocletian. K gamma in center.
Size: 19.0mm 3.40gm
MaynardGee
00232.jpg
Diocletian (RIC 306, Coin #232)19 viewsRIC 306 (C), AE Antoninianus, Cyzicus, 284-294 AD.
Obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG Radiate & cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM (XXI) Emperor stands right, holding parazonium, recieving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left. B in center.
Size: 20.3mm 2.78gm
MaynardGee
00681.jpg
Diocletian (RIC 322, Coin #681)9 viewsRIC 322 (C), Silvered AE Antoninianus, Antioch 293-295 AD.
OBV: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG; Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right.
REV: CONCORDIA MILITVM (XXI); Diocletian receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter. Z in center.
SIZE: 21.6mm 3.18g
MaynardGee
00767.jpg
Diocletian (RIC 325, Coin #767)14 viewsRIC 325, Silvered Antoninianus, Antioch, 285 AD
OBV: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
REV: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (●XXI), Diocletian standing left holding parazonium; facing
Jupiter presenting Victory on a globe offering wreath, and holding long scepter vertical behind in left.
SIZE: 21.7mm, 4.22g
MaynardGee
Diocletian Medallion Cast Obv_S.jpg
Diocletian (UNIFACE PLASTER CAST)108 viewsObv:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle

UNIFACE PLASTER CAST
1 commentsmaridvnvm
388_Diocletian.jpg
Diocletian - AE antoninianus6 viewsRome
285-286 AD
radiate and cuirassed bust right
IMP DIOCLE_TIANVS AVG
Jupiter standing half left, wearing chalmys, holding thunderbolt and long scepter
IOVI CONSER_VAT AVGG
XXIΓ
RIC V-2 162 Rome
Johny SYSEL
769_Diocletian_Cyzicus.jpg
Diocletian - AE antoninianus6 viewsCyzicus
285-293 AD
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind
IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG
Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and long scepter
CONCORDIA MILITVM •
B
XXI•
RIC V-2 306
ex Aurea

clipped
Johny SYSEL
Diocletian_Providentia_Deorum_PLG.jpg
Diocletian - AE follis9 viewsLugdunum
305 - early 307 AD
laureate bust right wearing imperial mantle, holding olive branch and mappa
D N DIOCLETIANO BEATISSIMO SEN AVG
Quies standing left extending hand against Providentia who is holding scepter and branch
PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG
T_F
PLG
RIC VI 200a var. (obv. legend-BAEATISSIMO)
ex Aurea
Johny SYSEL
127_Diocletian_Cyzicus.jpg
Diocletian - AE follis5 viewsCyzicus
297-299 AD
laureate head right
IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Genius standing left, pouring out patera and holding cornucopia
GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI

RIC VI Cyzicus 12a
9,66 g 27,5-27 mm
Johny SYSEL
1295_Diocletian.JPG
Diocletian - AE post-reform radiate5 viewsCyzicus
c. 295-299 AD
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left holding long scepter
CONCORDIA MI_LITVM

RIC VI Cyzicus 16a
ex Aurea
Johny SYSEL
419_Diocletian_Trier.jpg
Diocletian - AE silvered follis5 viewsTrier
298-299 AD
laureate, cuirassed bust right
IMP DIOCLETIANVS P AVG
Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia, modius on head, chalmys over shoulder
GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI
A / *
TR
RIC VI Trier 292a
8,72g
Johny SYSEL
Diocletian_Alexandria.jpg
Diocletian - Alexandria27 viewsBI tetradrachm
Nov 284 - 28 Aug 285 AD
laureate, draped bust right
A K Γ OYAΛ ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB
Elpis standing left, holding flower and raising skirt
LA
Milne 4750; Curtis 1980; Geissen 3202; SNG Cop 968; Emmett 4046; BMC Alexandria p. 323, 2499 var
7,12 g 19-18,5 mm
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Diokletianus_Alexandria_Zeus_LZ.jpg
Diocletian - Alexandria5 viewsBI tetradrachm
29 Aug 290 - 28 Aug 291 AD
laureate head right
ΔIOKΛHTI_ANOC CEB
Zeus standing half left, wearing chalmys, holding patera and scepter; eagle at feet
L_Z
Milne 4946; Curtis 2045; BMC Alexandria p. 321, 2475; Geissen 3250; Kampmann 119.68; Emmett 4087
8,15g
ex Dionysos
Johny SYSEL
Diokletianus_Alexandria_Homonoia_LB.jpg
Diocletian - Alexandria7 viewsBI tetradrachm
29 Aug 285 - 28 Aug 286 AD
laureate and cuirassed bust right
A K Γ OYAΛ ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB
Dikaiosyne (Aequitas) standing half left, holding scales and cornucopia
L_B
Milne 4770; Curtis 1967; Dattari 5645; SNG Cop 978
7,3g
ex Dionysos
Johny SYSEL
Diocletian_-_argenteus.jpg
Diocletian - AR argenteus 8 viewsRome
294 AD
laureate head right
DIOCLETI_ANVS AVG
tetrarchs wearing military dress, sacrificing over tripod in front of turreted enclosure with gate
VIRTVS__MILITVM
A
RIC VI 40a; RSC 516†g
1,96g
Johny SYSEL
cleaned-_O.jpg
Diocletian - Constantine9 viewsCleaned - obverseRobert Merz
Diocletian_RIC_305a.jpg
Diocletian - follis RIC 305a (Trier)26 viewsDiocletian. Follis, RIC 305a, minted in Trier, 298-299 AD.; 11.02 g; obv. IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureated head right; rev. GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera & cornucopiae; B-*, TR in ex.Bartosz Awianowicz
Diocletian RIC 58a.jpg
Diocletian - follis RIC 58a31 viewsFollis, RIC 58a, 9.92g; minted in Antioch, 304-205 A.D.; obverse: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, naked but for chlamis over left shoulder & modius on head, with patera from which liquor flows, & cornucopiae; S to right, ANT in ex. 1 commentsPriscian
diocletian-ae-follis-londinium.jpg
Diocletian - Genio Popvli Romani - Londinium22 viewsRoman Imperial, Diocletian AE Follis, London mint, ca (298-300 AD), 10g, 28.18mm

Obverse: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate & cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera in extended right hand & cradling cornucopiae in left arm. No mintmark. "Genius of the Roman People"

Reference: RIC VI London 6A.
Gil-galad
coin2.jpg
Diocletian - Light radiate fraction - RIC VI Cyzicus 16A14 viewsObv: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev: CONCORDIA MI-LITVM, Emperor standing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left and holding sceptre.
Mintmark in lower centre: K gamma.
Size: 20 mm
Weight: 2.86g
Date: 295-299 AD
Ref: RIC VI Cyzicus 16A
1 commentsvs1969
coin~0.jpg
Diocletian - Post-abdication follis - RIC VI 676a11 viewsObv: D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate & mantled bust right, holding olive branch in right hand, mappa in left
Rev: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, holding branch & leaning on sceptre; S F/PTR.
Size: 28 mm
Weight: 10.2 g
Mint: Trier
Date: 305-306 AD
Ref: RIC VI 676a
vs1969
Diocletian RIC 46a.jpg
Diocletian - radiate RIC 46a25 viewsPost Reform Radiate, RIC 46a, 3.33g; minted in Alexandria; obverse: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate draped bust right; reverse: CONCORDIA MIL-ITVM, Diocletian standing right in military dress, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter leaning on scepter, B between, ALE in ex.

Notes: Ex Martin Griffiths (Maridvnvm) collection.
Priscian
870_Diocletian_Tripolis.jpg
Diocletian - silvered antoninianus6 viewsTripolis
284 AD
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Diocletian right receiving Victory on globe, holding parazonium; Jupiter left giving Victory on globe, holding long scepter
IOVI CONSERVATOR_I AVG
TR
XXI•
RIC V 328
ex Gitbud and Naumann
Johny SYSEL
diocletian_lon.png
Diocletian 1.01.00116 viewsDiocletian
Obv IMP C DIOCLETAINVS PF AVG
(R. laur cuir)
Rev GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
(Genius standing l holding patera and cornucopiae)
LON
London
RIC VI 1a CT 1.01.001 (R)
9.6g
Dix, Noonan & Webb Auction 6/2018
Lot 1314
(ex R A Merson Collection)
Noviomagus
diocletian_6a_var.png
Diocletian 1.03.00416 viewsDiocletian
Obv IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
(R. laur trabeate)
Rev GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
(Genius standing l holding patera and cornucopiae)
No mintmark
London
Not in RIC CT 1.03.004 (R)
10.99g
(ex CGB)
(This coin looks as if it is the work of an engraver that previously produced coins for Allectus, as it is different in style to the continental style of coins. These early folles come with cuirassed, draped or trabeate busts. This one appears to be the latter.)
Noviomagus
diocletian_1.png
Diocletian 2.01.00310 viewsDiocletian
Obv IMP C DIOCLETAINVS PF AVG
(R. laur cuir)
Rev GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
(Genius standing l holding patera and cornucopiae)
No mint mark
London
RIC VI 6a CT 2.01.003 (C)
9.2g
(ex John Le Fevre)
Noviomagus
DSC01704.JPG
Diocletian 284-305 A.D.49 viewsSilvered Antoninianus, Cyzicus mint, 22mm
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian standing right receiving victory from Jupiter standing left holding scepter in left. XXI in ex. I in center
3 commentsDk0311USMC
1__diocletian_~0.jpg
Diocletian 284-305 AD 16 viewsAE Post Reform Radiate
Mint: Heraclea, Date- 295-297 AD
Obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian facing right on left, in military dress, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter on right, leaning on scepter, H gamma between.
Exergue: H G
Size: 20 mm; 2.8gm.
Ref: RIC VI 13a
brian l
R-08.jpg
Diocletian 284-305 CE, post reform, Cyzicus mint, Æ 22mm, 4.25 gm, Antoninianus.21 viewsDiocletian 284-305 CE, post reform, Cyzicus mint, Æ 22mm, 4.25 gm, Antoninianus.

Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian.

Reference: RIC 15f or 256
Daniel Friedman
diocletiansacrasisg.jpg
Diocletian 284-305, AE Follis Sisca27 views Obv. IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG Laureate head right
Rev. SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopia.
SIS in exergue
1 commentsSkyler
diocletian_genio_1.png
Diocletian 3.01.00211 viewsDiocletian
Obv IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
(R. laur)
Rev GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
(Genius stg l holding patera and cornucopiae)
No mint mark
London
RIC 23a CT 3.01.002 (S)
9.1g
(ex Jencek Coins)
Noviomagus
diocletian_rv.png
Diocletian 3.01.00317 viewsDiocletian
Obv IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
(R.laur.cuir and draped seen from behind)
Rev GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
(Genius stg l holding patera and cornucopiae)
No mintmark
RIC VI 24 corr CT 3.01.003 (R)
London
8.7g
(ex Laurent Schmitt collection)
Noviomagus
diocletian_27_1.png
Diocletian 5.01.01011 viewsDiocletian
Obv DN DIOCLETIANO PFS AVG
(R. laur in imperial mantle, holding an olive branch in right hand, mappa in left)
Rev QVIES AVGG
(Quies holding branch downwards, leaning on sceptre)
PLN in ex
London
RIC VI 98 CT 5.01.010 (S)
7.2g
(ex Beast Coins)
Noviomagus
20180110_003615506_iOS.jpg
Diocletian Abdication20 viewsMatthew H
diocletian.jpg
Diocletian Abdication Follis. AE28. Carthage81 viewsDiocletianus as Senior Augustus, minted under Severus II.
AE28. Mint of Karthago. 305 - 306 AD.
Obv. D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laurate bust right, in imperial mantle, right holding olive-branch, left mappa.
Rev. PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, right holding branch, left leaning on sceptre.
S - F in field right and left. PKB in ex.
Cf. RIC VI Carthago 42a
2 commentsancientone
Diocletian_RIC277.jpg
Diocletian AD284-AD30531 viewsDie axis 180 degrees

silvering remaining in fields
Paul D3
Diocletian1_opt.jpg
DIOCLETIAN AE 20 RIC VI 15a, Jupiter 28 viewsOBV: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG - Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
REV: CONCORDIA MI-LITVM, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre. K and officina letter in centre
3.5g, 22mm

Minted at Cyzicus, 291 AD
1 commentsLegatus
20171009_115241.jpg
Diocletian AE Ant "Jupiter" Diocletian AD 284-305 AE Antoninianus13 viewsObv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: CONCORDIA MI-LITVM/ Emperor standing right holding scepter and receiving victory on a globe from Jupiter. Exe: XXI./ (gamma)
Cyzicus mint: AD 288, Cohen 33; RIC V-2 306; Sear 12635.
21mm, 4.13 grams
Canaan
Diocletian AE Ant-RIC183.JPG
Diocletian AE Ant-RIC18312 viewsAE Antoninianus, Rome Mint, 285 AD
Obverse: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Reverse: VICTORIA AVG, Victory standing left with wreath and palm.
RIC 183
20mm , 3.3gms
Jerome Holderman
Diocletian2.jpg
Diocletian AE Antoninianus39 viewsOBV: IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-AVG
Radiate, draped, and cuir. bust right.
REV: CONCORDIA-MILITVM
Diocletian standing left, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing right.
A in field below. XXL in Exergue
RIC 306 Cyzicus Mint
285-293 A.D.
22mm 3.2gm
1 commentsgoldenancients
diocletian-jupiter-ant-rome.jpg
Diocletian AE Antoninianus, (285-286 AD), Rome mint15 viewsRoman Imperial, Diocletian AE Antoninianus, (285-286 AD), Rome mint

Obverse: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre. Mintmark XXIΓ

Reference: RIC V-2 162 Rome

Ex: Bryan Aaker
Gil-galad
diocletian-jupiter-ant.jpg
Diocletian AE Antoninianus, (287 AD), Rome mint13 viewsRoman Imperial, Diocletian AE Antoninianus, (287 AD), Rome mint

Obverse: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory and sceptre, eagle at foot left. Mintmark XXIƐ.

Reference: RIC V-2 165

Ex: Bryan Aaker
Gil-galad
roman19.jpg
Diocletian AE Follis40 views305-307 AD. Treveri mint.
Obv.: D N DIOCLETIANO BAEATISSIMO SEN AVG - Laureate and mantled bust right, holding olive-branch and mappa.
Rev.: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG - Providentia standing right, extending hand to Quies standing left, holding branch and leaning on sceptre. ITR in ex. S F in fields.
RIC 673a
1 commentsMinos
roman18.jpg
Diocletian AE Follis38 views302-303 AD. Aquileia mint.
Obv.: IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG - Laureate head of Diocletian.
Rev.: SACR MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR - Moneta holding scales and cornucopiae. AQP in ex. VI in r. field.
RIC 35a
2 commentsMinos
roman33.jpg
Diocletian AE Follis21 views296-297 AD. Rome mint.
Obv.: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG - Laureate bust of Diocletian right.
Rev.: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI - Genuis holding patera and cornucopiae. R in l. field, A in ex..
RIC 64a.
Minos
Diocletian_Cornucopiae.jpg
Diocletian AE Follis11 viewsAlexandria mint, 301AD,
RIC 32a
10,01 gr - 26 mm
Samson L2
diocletian abdo.jpg
DIOCLETIAN AE follis - c.later 308 AD25 viewsobv:D.N.DIOCLETIANO.BAEATISS (laureate, mantled bust right holding mappa)
rev:PROVIDENTIA.DEORVM (Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, branch upward in right hand, vertical scepter in left)
/ B/X-K / ALE
ref:RIC VI-Alexandria80
5.76gms, 22-24mm
RIC obverse 6g, but this coin's 6e - not in RIC
berserker
Diocletian5.jpg
DIOCLETIAN AE Follis RIC VI 56a, Providentia18 viewsOBV: DN DIOCLETIANO BAEATISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate bust right in imperial mantle, holding olive branch & mappa
REV: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, branch downward in right hand, leaning left on vertical sceptre, pellet in right field, TT in ex.
6.8g, 28mm
Struck at Ticinum, 305 AD
Legatus
Diocletian_2.jpg
Diocletian AE Radiate26 viewsAE Radiate
Obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Rev: VOT XX; legend in wreth (with mintmark)
Tanit
Diocletian~0.jpg
Diocletian AE Radiate22 viewsAE Radiate
Obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG ; rad., dr. and cuir. bust r.
Rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM ; Diocletian receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter
Tanit
diocletian~4.jpg
Diocletian AE Radiate10 viewsDiocletian AE Radiate
Obv.: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG; rad., dr. and cuir. bust right
Rev.: CONCORDIA MILITVM; Diocletian receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter
Tanit
Forum_Rome_Diocletian_Tet_Alexandria.Jpg
Diocletian AE Tetradrachm - Alexandria Egypt24 viewsWilliamBoyd
diocletianORweb.jpg
Diocletian AE3 Post-Reform Radiate28 viewsO: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust right, draped
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian, HA between.
21mm 2.72g Heraclea RIC 13.12 295-297 AD.
casata137ec
117- Diocletian Alexandria.JPG
Diocletian Alexandria Tet.32 viewsAE Tetradrachm
Obv:DIOKLETIANOC CEB, Laureate , draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: Nike advancing right with wreath, L left H right.
18mm.
jdholds
diocletian_jg_0001.jpg
Diocletian Antoninianus59 viewsCONCORDIA MILITVM type, Emperor standing r., holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter stg. l., holding screptre. HT in rev. field, mint of Heraclea.
Obv. legend is IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Tkonnova
SDC10656a.jpg
Diocletian Antoninianus54 viewsDiocletian AE Antoninianus. IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate bust right. IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, XXIA in exergue. Rome mint 285-286 A.D.
RIC 162
Philoromaos
Diocletian_Antoninianus.jpg
Diocletian Antoninianus18 viewsDIOCLETIAN AE Antoninianus
Pre-Reform
OBV: IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-AVG
Radiate, draped, and cuir. bust right.
REV: CONCORDIA-MILITVM
Diocletian standing left, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing right.
A in field below. XXL in Exergue
284-305 A.D.
21mm
goldenancients
Diocletian_antoninianus.png
Diocletian Antoninianus41 viewsDiocletian Antoninianus

Obverse:
IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse:
CONCORDIA MILITVM
Emperor receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter holding sceptre. KΓ between

Cyzicus

RIC VI Cyzicus 16A

3.60g
2 commentsHarry G
Diocletian_Hercules.png
Diocletian Antoninianus - HERCVLI CONSERVAT9 viewsDiocletian Antoninianus

Obverse:
IMP C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG
Radiate, cuirassed bust right

Reverse:
HERCVLI CONSERVAT
Hercules standing right with club on rock. TXXIT in exergue.

Ticinum
Harry G
Diocletian_-_IOVI_CONSERVATORI_AVG.png
Diocletian Antoninianus - IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG5 viewsDiocletian Antoninianus

Obverse:
IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse:
IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG
Diocletian stg. r., holding sceptre and receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter

Antioch (286 - 290AD)

RIC v, ii, p256, 324
C277
Hunter iv, p. clxxxii
Sear 12,670

Ex Naville, Auction 52, lot 667 (part lot)
Ex Baldwin's
Harry G
Diocletian_RIC_47.jpg
Diocletian antoninianus from Lvgdvnvm153 viewsDiocletian antoninianus. Lvgdvnvm mint. 286 AD.
3.62 grs and 21 mm.
Obs. : IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev. : IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt in right hand, scepter in left.
RIC 47
7 commentslabienus
Diocletian2_opt.jpg
DIOCLETIAN Antoninianus RIC RIC V Part II 166, Jupiter 18 viewsOBV: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right
REV: IOVI CONSER AVGG, Jupiter naked,standing facing, looking right,holding thunderbolt & sceptre eagle at foot with wreath in beak, XXI alpha, gamma or delta in ex.


Minted at Rome, 292 AD
Legatus
Diocletian_opt.jpg
DIOCLETIAN Antoninianus RIC V Part II 323, Jupiter14 viewsOBV: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
REV: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter, half naked, standing right holding sceptre & globe, facing Hercules with lionskin, club & victory on globe, Z between, dot XXI in ex


Minted at Antioch, 293 AD
Legatus
Diocletian_Aquileia.png
Diocletian Aquileia13 viewsDiocletian
Reigned 284-305

O: IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Laureate bust right

R: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae, AQS mintmark

RIC VI Aquileia 29a
Gao
Diocletian~2.jpg
Diocletian Argenteus27 viewsAR Argenteus

Obv: DIOCLETIANVS AVG
Rev: VIRTVS MILITVM / A in ex. ; the tetrarchs sacrificing before a camp-gate.

RIC V (part. 2), Rome 40a
Tanit
vcoin6050.jpg
Diocletian Argenteus34 viewsDenomination : Silver Argenteus. Mint : Rome.

Size : 17.5 x 18.6 mm. Weight : 3.34 grams.

Reference : RIC VI 43a. RSC-516fm. Sear-3503 var.

Obverse : Head of Diocletian right, with DIOCLETIANVS AVG around.

Reverse : Diocletian, Maximianus, Constantiuus and Galerius, standing in front of a camp gate, sacrificing, with VIRTVS MILITVM around.
4 commentsTLP
Diocletian_Athena_Tet_Milne_4853.JPG
Diocletian Athena Tet Milne 485320 viewsDiocletian, Alexandria Egypt, Potin Tetradrachm, Year 4, 288 AD, Milne 4853
OBV: A K G OYA DIOKLHTIANOC CEB, Laureate draped bust right
REV: Athena standing left, holding Nike in right hand, transverse scepter in left, shield at feet
Year marks L-D in fields
Romanorvm
H7a.jpg
Diocletian AV Aureus158 viewsDiocletian AV Aureus. Cyzicus mint. 293 AD. DIOCLETIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate bust right / CONCORDIAE AVGG NN, Emperors seated l., each holding globe and parazonium and crowned by Victory. RIC 292

VERY RARE - R2
GOOD EXTREMELY FINE

Ex. Bank Leu AG, Zurich 10 (1974), 387
Ex. Münzen & Medaillen AG Basel 68 (1986), 393.
Ex. Hess-Divo 2007
6 commentsTrajan
2.jpg
Diocletian Billon Follis (300-301AD)36 viewsDiocletian Billion Follis circa 300-301AD
Ticinum mint 12.25gm
Obv: IMP C DIOCLETIANUS P F AVG
Laureate head (r)
Rev: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR
Moneta standing left holding scales and
Cornucopiae. ST in exgergue
Ric 43a
sean c2
Diocletian001.jpg
Diocletian Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria25 viewsDiocletian Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria.
Obverse: A K Γ OVAL DIOKLHTIANOC CEB, laureate & cuirassed bust of Diocletian facing right.
Reverse: Dikaiosyne standing facing left, holding scales in her right hand and cornucopiae in her left hand.
Fields: L - B (year 2 = A.D.285/286).
Diameter: ≤21mm (AE3)
Weight: 7.8g
WotNoName
Diolcetian.png
Diocletian Bronze Radiate8 viewsThis coin, purchased in the Tiergarten Market, was part of a piece of jewelry at some point (at least I believe so, given the hole drilled in it)
Alex F
diocletian_siscia_263(1).jpg
Diocletian coded - A with I - RIC V, Siscia 26362 viewsDiocletian 284-305
AE - Antoninian (pre-reform), 3.69g, 23mm
Siscia 1st officina, AD 289/290
obv. IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
bust cuirassed, head radiate r.
rev. CONSERVATOR AVGG
Emp. stg. l. and Jupiter stg. r., each holding sceptre, sacrificing at altar
exergue: XXIA dot I dot
RIC V/2, Siscia 263; C.42
Scarce; VF

Shows I, the 1st group of I-O-BI = Gen. of JOVIVS, nick-name of Diocletian
For more information look at Forum's Resources: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/forvm/Articles/Codeword_Translation.htm
Jochen
CJSII-0614h.jpg
Diocletian Coded - A with I - Siscia - RIC 26391 viewsIMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG; CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate and cuirassed bust right; Jupiter on the right standing left and Diocletian on the left standng right facing each other, each sacrificing from patera, over a tripod type alter; with AXXI dot I dot in ex.1 commentscscoppa
CJSII-0459h.jpg
Diocletian Coded - A with I - Siscia - RIC 26396 viewsIMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG (1); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F); Jupiter and Diocletian facing, both sacrificing from patera, over an alter; with A in left field and dot XXI dot I dot in ex.cscoppa
CJSII-0416h.jpg
Diocletian Coded - A with I - Siscia - RIC 263var112 viewsIMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG (1), CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F); Jupiter on the right standing left and Diocletian on the left standng right facing each other, each sacrificing from patera, over a tripod type alter; with AXXI dot I in ex.cscoppa
CJSII-0458h.jpg
Diocletian Coded - A with I - Siscia - RIC 264var89 viewsIMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P AVG (2); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate & cuirassed bust right (F); Jupiter and Diocletian facing, both sacrificing from patera, over an alter; with A in left field and XXI dot I dot in ex.cscoppa
diocletian_siscia_263.jpg
Diocletian coded - B with O - RIC V, Siscia 26393 viewsDiocletian AD 281-305
AE - Antoninianus (pre-reform), 4.36g, 23.8mm
Siscia 2nd officina, AD 289-290
obv. IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
bust cuirassed, radiate r.
rev. CONSERVATOR AVGG
Emperor and Jupiter standing face to face, each holding sceptre, sacrificing at altar
r. field: B
exergue: XXI O
RIC V/2, Siscia 263; C.42
Scarce; silvered, near mint state

Shows O, the 2nd group of I-O-BI = Gen. of IOVIVS, nick-name of Diocletian
For more information look at Forum's Resources: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/forvm/Articles/Codeword_Translation.htm
3 commentsJochen
CJSII-0615h.jpg
Diocletian Coded - B with O - Siscia - RIC 263var122 viewsIMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG (1); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F); Jupiter on the right standing left and Diocletian on the left standng right facing each other, each sacrificing from patera, over a tripod type alter; with B in right field and XXI O in ex.2 commentscscoppa
CJSII-0393h.jpg
Diocletian Coded - B with O - Siscia - RIC 263var84 viewsIMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG (1); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate & cuirassed bust right (F); Jupiter on the right standing left and Diocletian on the left standng right facing each other, each sacrificing from patera, over a tripod type alter; with B in right field and XXIO in ex.cscoppa
diocletian_siscia_263_BI.jpg
Diocletian coded - G with BI - RIC V, Siscia 26365 viewsDiocletian AD 284-305
AE - Antoninian (pre-reform), 3.30g, 24.2mm
Siscia 3rd officina, AD 289-290
obv. IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
bust cuirassed, head radiate r.
rev. CONSERVATOR - AVGG
Emperor and Jupiter, each holding sceptre, standing face to face
sacrificing at altar
l. field: Gamma
exergue: dot XXI dot BI dot
RIC V/2, Siscia 263; C.42
Scarce; good VF, brown patina

Shows BI, 3rd part of I-O-BI = Gen. of JOVIVS, nick-name of Diocletian
For more information look at Forum's Resources: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/forvm/Articles/Codeword_Translation.htm
Jochen
CJSII-0339h.jpg
Diocletian Coded - gamma with BI - Siscia - RIC 26375 viewsIMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG (1); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F); Diocletian and Jupiter sacrificing over a tripod; with gamma in left field and dot XXI dot BI dot in ex.cscoppa
CJSII-0618h.jpg
Diocletian Coded - gamma with BI - Siscia - RIC 263var86 viewsIMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG (1); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F); Jupiter on the right standing left and Diocletian on the left standng right facing each other, each sacrificing from patera, over a tripod type alter; with dot gamma dot XXI dot BI dot in ex.cscoppa
CJSII-0304h.jpg
Diocletian Coded - gamma with BI - Siscia - RIC 263var73 viewsIMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG (1); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F); Jupiter and Diocletian facing, sacrificing from patera, over an alter; with XXI gamma dot BI dot in ex.cscoppa
Diocletian concordia militum com.JPG
Diocletian concordia militum289 viewsAE 20 -23 mm 2.6 g
OBV :: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG..Radiate, cuirassed bust right
REV :: CONCORDIA MI-LITVM.. Emperor standing on left with scepter receiving victory on globe from Jupiter standing on right holding long scepter
K gamma in center
EX:: none
Ric VI Cyzicus 15a
RIC rated C2
from uncleaned lot 10/07
Johnny
COMBINED~3.jpg
Diocletian CONCORDIA MILITUM28 viewsDiocletian

Denomination Ae Follis
Date Struck 294-305 AD
Mint Heraclea
Obverse IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse - CONCORDIA MILITUM - Diocletian standing left receiving victory on globe from naked Jupiter standing right, holding sceptre; HB in field between their feet.
Weight 2,4 g
Diameter 19,3 mm
Flamur H
Diocletian_Conservator.JPG
Diocletian Conservator17 viewsDiocletian Silvered Antoninianus, Siscia, 290 AD, 23mm, 2.6g, RIC 263
OBV: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG - Radiate and cuirasssed bust of Diocletian.
REV: CONSERVATOR AVGG - Jupiter and Diocletian sacrificing over altar. XXI [gamma] [dot] BI [dot] in ex..
Romanorvm
DiocletianFollis.jpg
Diocletian Follis363 viewsMy one and only Vauctions win!

Laur head right, IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG / Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right holding patera and cornucopiae in left, GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI; K in left field, V in right field, delta mint mark. RIC VI 54a (p. 620).
7 commentssocalcoins
Diocletian D 1.jpg
Diocletian Follis37 viewsAE Follis.Obv. DN DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG ; laur. bust r., wearing mantle, and holding branch and mappa ; Rev.: PROVIDNTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG ; Quies and Providentia stg. facing each other.
(issued after the abdication)
Tanit
dio9.jpg
Diocletian Follis4 viewsBillon Follis

Obv.: IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG; Laur. hd. r.
Rev.: FELIX ADVENT AVGG NN ; Africa stg. facing, hd. l., holding standard and elephant's tusk, lion holding bull's hd. at feet to l. / I in field

SEAR 12754
Tanit
Diocletian.jpg
Diocletian Follis12 viewsAE Follis
Obv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Rev: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART ; Carthage sg. l., holding fruits
Tanit
diocletian~1.jpg
Diocletian Follis13 viewsAE Follis
Obv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius stg. l.
Tanit
diocl_follis.jpg
Diocletian Follis32 viewsAE Follis (Post-Reform)
Obv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Rev: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR / TT dot in ex.; Moneta stg. l
Tanit
Dioclétien_moneta.jpg
Diocletian Follis11 viewsGinolerhino
Dioclétien_genio.jpg
Diocletian Follis14 viewsGinolerhino
Diocletian~3.jpg
Diocletian Follis23 viewsAE Follis (Post-Reform)
Obv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Rev: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR / PT dot in ex.; Moneta stg. l
Tanit
Diocletian_joined.jpg
Diocletian Follis4 viewsRIC 502grattius
070A.jpg
Diocletian Follis94 viewsRIC VI Trier 677a, cf. RIC VI Cyzicus 22-3 (Cyzicus mint, 305 - 307 A.D.)
10.854 g, 27.9 mm, die axis 180o
D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate bust right, wearing trabea, holding branch and mappa
PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies, standing left, holding branch and leaning on sceptre
S-F across fields, KS in lower centre, PTR in exergue
Note from Wildwinds: This coin was actually struck in Cyzicus. The PTR was left over from the original dies sent to Cyzicus by the engravers in Trier. The mintmark is actually the KS in the lower center.
Rare
Ex: FORVM, the Martin Griffiths collection ("maridvnvm" of FORVM)
2 commentsMark Z2
dio1.jpg
Diocletian Follis8 viewsBillon Follis
Obv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Rev: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART ; Carthage sg. l., holding fruits
Tanit
dio5.jpg
Diocletian Follis19 viewsAE Follis.
Obv. DN DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG ; laur. bust r., wearing mantle, and holding branch and mappa ;
Rev.: PROVIDNTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG ; Quies and Providentia stg. facing each other.

(issued after the abdication)

SEAR 12926 ; RIC vi p.128, 77a ; Cohen 423,426
2 commentsTanit
dio7.jpg
Diocletian Follis7 viewsBillon Follis

Obv.: IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG; Laur. hd. r.
Rev.: FELIX ADVENT AVGG NN ; Africa stg. facing, hd. l., holding standard and elephant's tusk, lion holding bull's hd. at feet to l. / I in field

SEAR 12754
Tanit
dio8.jpg
Diocletian Follis6 viewsBillon Follis

Obv.: IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG; Laur. hd. r.
Rev.: FELIX ADVENT AVGG NN ; Africa stg. facing, hd. l., holding standard and elephant's tusk, lion holding bull's hd. at feet to l. / N in field

SEAR 12754
Tanit
diocletian.jpg
Diocletian Follis, Concordia (RIC6 viewsObverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG Radiate bust of Diocletian, draped and cuirassed, looking right.
Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM Diocletian receiving a Victory on a globe from Jupiter. HB on center.

Heracleia mint, 2nd officina, 295-296.

21 mm, 2.64 g, 180º.

Reference: RIC VI Heracleia 13/21.
Manuel
Hotmail_008.JPG
Diocletian Follis. AD 295-296. Cyzicus 16 viewsCyzicus
RIC 10a Diocletian Follis. AD 295-296. IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera & cornucopiae, KG in ex.
Antonio Protti
Diocletian_Follis.jpg
Diocletian Genius Follis 17a17 viewsDiocletian
AD 284-305
Coin struck AD295-296
AE 1 Follis
Heraclea mint
RIC 17a

O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, small laureate bust right

R: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI Genius standing left holding modus and cornucopia, HTA in exergue
Gao
diocletian.JPG
Diocletian La Venera hoard IV, 7757, La Venera (1880), 4309132 views AE 22-23 mm 4.1 grams
OBV :: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed seen from rear bust right
REV :: CONCORDIA MILITVM. Emperor receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter leaning on Scepter. B in center
EX :: XXI ( Cyzicus )
La Venera hoard IV, 7757, La Venera (1880), 4309
Rated Scarce
Johnny
dioTdrachm.JPG
Diocletian Potin T'drachm of Alexandria Yr 4 = 288 AD33 viewsObv: A K GOYA DIOKLETIANOC CEB Laureate cuirassed bust rt. Rev; Nike advancing rt w/ wreath and palm L delta to rt.
Milne 4857 (Wildwinds)
daverino
coin75.jpg
Diocletian Potin Tetradrachm of Alexandria15 viewsDiocletian Potin Tetradrachm of Alexandria.
Year , 285/286 AD. Obv: A K GOYA L DIOKLHTIANOC
CEB, laureate draped bust right Rev: LB, Elpis standing
left, holding flower, a long sash (?) hanging from
her arm, & clutching hem of robe. Coin #75

cars100
coin100.jpg
Diocletian Potin Tetradrachm of Alexandria.13 viewsDiocletian Potin Tetradrachm of Alexandria.
Year 1 = 284 AD. A K GOYA L DIOKLHTIANOC
CEB, laureate draped bust right / Eusebius standing
left sacrificing over altar & holding cornucopiae,
LA at upper left. Koln 3204. milne 4752 Coin #100
cars100
coin100~0.jpg
Diocletian Potin Tetradrachm of Alexandria. 18 viewsDiocletian Potin Tetradrachm of Alexandria.
Year 1 = 284 AD. A K GOYA L DIOKLHTIANOC
CEB, laureate draped bust right / Eusebius standing
left sacrificing over altar & holding cornucopiae,
LA at upper left. Koln 3204. milne 4752 Coin #100
cars100
Dioclétien_Antioche.jpg
Diocletian Radiate12 viewsGinolerhino
diocletian_.jpg
Diocletian radiate fraction of Heraclea. 295-296 AD.7 viewsDiocletian radiate fraction of Heraclea. 295-296 AD. IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG., radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre. HA in lower centre. RIC VI Heraclea 13/21 (13 and 21 are identical).Heraclea
RIC VI 13, A
Britanikus
Diocletian_REV.JPG
Diocletian Rev14 viewsDiocletian; AD 284-305
Bronze; AE Antoninianus, Antioch
OBV: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG; Radiate/Cuirassed Bust Right
REV: CONCORDIA MILITVM;
Diocletian standing R receiving victory on globe from Jupiter
(RIC V 322)
Philip G
DIOCLET-2.jpg
Diocletian RIC V 1311 viewsObv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
radiate draped bust right
Rev: CONCORDIA MILI-TVM
Diocletian standing right in military dress,
receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter leaning
on sceptre, HE between
20mm 2.5gm
OWL365
DIOCLET-3.jpg
Diocletian RIC V-2 30616 viewsObv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG
radiate draped bust right
Rev: CONCORDIA MI-LITVM
Emperor standing right with parazonium,
receiving Victory from Jupiter holding sceptre,
officina letter B in lower centre
XXI dot in ex.
21mm 3gm
OWL365
Diocletian_.jpg
Diocletian RIC VI 30614 viewsObverse IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind
Reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM, emperor stands r. holding parazonium or short scepter, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing l. holding long scepter, B in center, XXI in ex
Size: 4.098g 23.3mm 0o
Id: Bronze antoninianus RIC VI 306, Cyzicus mint 284 - 294 A.D.
Note: Ex-Forum
ickster
DIOCLET-5.jpg
Diocletian RIC VI 4720 viewsIMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
radiate draped bust right
Rev: CONCORDIA MILI-TVM
Diocletian standing right in military dress,
receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter leaning
on sceptre, Gamma between
ALE in ex
21mm 2.7gm
OWL365
dio1s.jpg
Diocletian RIC VI 64a Rome, 296-297 CE15 views
AE Follis
Obverse: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modiuson head, naked, except for chlamys over left shoulderholding patera and cornucopiae.,
R in left field, A in ex. 26.6 mm., 4.8 g.
Ref: RIC VI Rome 64a
NORMAN K
diocletian_siscia36~0.jpg
Diocletian RIC VI, Siscia 36493 viewsDiocletian 284 - 305
AR - Argenteus, 2.84g, 19mm
Siscia ca. 294/5
obv. DIOCLETI - ANVS AVG
laureate head r.
rev. VICTORIA - SARMAT
The 4 emperors Diocletian, Constantius, Maximianus and Galerius
sacrificing over tripod before archway in six-turreted enclosure
RIC VI, Siscia 36; cf. C.488
R5 (before finding of the Sisak hoard!); EF uncirculated, from Sisak hoard(1953)
Referred clearly to Galerius' Danubian activities 293/6, struck for use by
military recipients above all (RIC)
added to www.wildwinds.com

From RIC: The reverse type exemplifies the times of Diocletian with symbolic accuracy, for the Empire was in many parts reduced to walled cities and fortresses, and it was ruled by 4 men who recognized that in those desperate times their strength was derived from their conformity!



11 commentsJochen
diocletian_103.jpg
Diocletian RIC VI, Ticinum 43(a)49 viewsDiocletian 284 - 305
AE - AE 2, 10.5g, 25mm
Ticinum 2. officina, ca. 300- 303
obv. IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
laureate head r.
rev. SACRA MONET AVGG - CAESS NOSTR
Moneta standing l., r. holding scales, r. cornucopiae
exergue: ST dot
RIC VI, Ticinum 43(a); C.436
VF
added to www.wildwinds.com
1 commentsJochen
diocletian_ticinum56a.JPG
Diocletian RIC VI, Ticinum 56(a)64 viewsDiocletian, 284-305
AE - Follis, 8.12g, 26mm
Ticinum, 3rd officina, c. 305
obv. DN DIOCLETIANO BAEATISSIMO SEN AVG (sic!)
Laureate bust right in consular robe, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left
rev. PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG
Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, branch
downward in right hand, leaning left on vertical scepter
in right field pellet
in exergue: TT
RIC VI, Ticinum 56a; C.422
VF+, nice green patina, some silvering below
ex Tony Hardy Coll.
added to www.wildwinds.com

The pellet for the Augusti was in the r. field, for the Caesars in the l. field.
2 commentsJochen
Diocletian_Roman_Egypt.JPG
Diocletian Roman Egypt12 viewsDiocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
27434. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4918, Curtis, 1970, BMC Alexandria 2538, Geissen 3241, SNG Cop 995, VF, Alexandria mint, 7.593g,
18.4mm, 0o, 29 Aug 288 - 28 Aug 289 A.D.; obverse A K G OUAL DIOKLHTIANOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ,
eagle standing right, wreath in beak, palm across shoulder, * left, L - E (year 5) across fields
Ex Forvm Ancient Coins
Romanorvm
dio_new_com.JPG
Diocletian SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR RIC VI Ticinum 45a 52 viewsAE 28 mm 8.5 grams 300-303 AD
OBV :: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG. Large Laureate head right
REV :: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing right holding scales and cornucopia
EX :: TT dot
REF :: RIC VI Ticinum 45a
Purchased 08/2010

new photo
1 commentsJohnny
diocletian follis.jpg
DIOCLETIAN silvered AE follis - 297-298 AD37 viewsobv: IMP.C.C.VAL.DIOCLETIANVS.PF.AVG (laureate head right)
rev: GENIO.POPV-LI.ROMANI (Genius standing left, holding patera & cornucopia) / HTΓ in ex.
ref: RIC VI-Heracleia19a (C2)
7.92gms, 27mm
berserker
Diocletian_genio.jpg
Diocletian Silvered AE Follis. 12 views Obv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right
Rev. GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genus standing left pouring libation from a patera & holding cornucopiae,
HTB in exergue
Skyler
roman17.jpg
Diocletian Silvered Follis32 views299-303 AD . Carthage mint.
Obv.: IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG - Laureate bust right.
Rev.: SALVS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART - Carthage standing facing, head left, A in ex.
RIC 31a
Minos
Diocletian6.jpg
DIOCLETIAN Tetradrachm Milne 4750, Athena16 viewsOBVERSE: AV G OVA DIOKLHTIANOC CEB, laureate, cuirassed bust right
REVERSE: Athena standing left, holding Nike in right hand,shield in left hand, year LD in left field
8.3g, 19mm

Struck at Alexandria,Egypt, 286-287 AD
Legatus
Diocletian4_opt.jpg
DIOCLETIAN Tetradrachm Milne 4750, Elpis16 viewsOBV: A K GOYA L DIOKLHTIANOC CEB, laureate draped bust right
REV: LA, Elpis standing left, holding flower, a long sash (?) hanging from her arm, & clutching hem of robe
20mm

Minted at Alexandria, 284-85 AD
Legatus
Diocletian_Tetradrachm_Milne_4770.JPG
Diocletian Tetradrachm Milne 477018 viewsDiocletian, Tetradrachm, Alexandria Egypt, 17.77mm, 6.3g, Milne 4770
OBV: A K GOYA DIOKLHTIANOC CEB, laureate, cuirassed bust right
REV: Dikaiosyne standing left holding scales & cornucopia,
Romanorvm
dalextetOR.jpg
Diocletian Tetradrachm, Milne 489621 viewsAlexandria mint, Diocletian Tetradrachm, 288-289 A.D. (Year 5) Potin, 18mm 5.74g, Milne 4896
O: A K ΓOYA ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB, laureate, cuirassed bust right (both wreath ties straight down)
R: Eusebeia standing left, dropping incense onto altar & holding box, year marks L-Є across fields
1 commentscasata137ec
Diocletion_Jupiter_Ant_3a.jpg
Diocletian | Jupiter and Emperor * Æ antoninianus, 284-305 AD.47 views
Diocletian | Jupiter and Emperor, bronze antoninianus.

Obv: Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right-facing: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG
Rev: Diocletian standing on the left, right-facing, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing to his right, left-facing, with scepter in hand; A in center, below Victory & globe: CONCORDIA MI-LITVM

Exergue: XXI ·

Mint: Cyzicus
Struck: 284-294 AD.

Size: 21.525 mm.
Weight: 4.25 grm.
Die axis: 180°

Condition: As shown in photos, but darker. Deep golden-olive patina, with traces believed to be silvering.

Refs:*
RIC V, pt. 2, 306 (var).
Tiathena
Diocletian_Tetra.jpg
Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt.39 viewsBillon tetradrachm, BMC Alexandria p. 324, 2511; Milne 4898; Curtis 1995; Emmett 4052, VF, Alexandria mint, 8.087 grams, 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, 29 Aug 288 - 28 Aug 289 A.D.; obverse and#913; and#922; and#915; and#927;and#933;and#913; and#8710;and#921;and#927;and#922;and#923;and#919;and#932;and#921;and#913;and#925;and#927;C Cand#917;and#914;, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Eusebia (Pietas) standing left, wearing peplos, sacrificing over altar with right, box in left, L - E (year 5) flanking across field.

Eusebeia was the Greek personification of piety; the Roman equivalent was Pietas.

EX; FORVM Ancient Coins.

*With my sincere thank and appreciation , Photo and Description courtesy of FORVM Ancient Coins Staff.
Sam
Diocletian_Tetra~0.jpg
Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt.36 viewsBillon tetradrachm, Geissen 3243; Dattari 5624; Milne 4915; Curtis 1956; SNG Cop 994; BMC Alexandria p. 326, 2530; Kampmann -, VF, crowded flan cuts off right side of obverse legend, Alexandria mint, 7.290 grams, 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, 29 Aug 288 - 28 Aug 289 A.D.; obverse and#913; and#922; and#915; and#927;and#933;and#913;and#923; and#8710;and#921;and#927;and#922;and#923;and#919;and#932;and#921;and#913;and#925;and#927;C Cand#917;and#914;, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Alexandria standing left, turreted, head of Serapis in right, long scepter vertical in left, L - E (year 5) flanking across field, star right.

Ptolemy Soter integrated Egyptian religion with that of the Hellenic rulers by creating Serapis, a deity that would win the reverence of both groups. This was despite the curses of the Egyptian priests against the gods of previous foreign rulers (i.e Set who was lauded by the Hyksos). Alexander the Great had attempted to use Amun for this purpose, but Amum was more prominent in Upper Egypt, and not as popular in Lower Egypt, where the Greeks had stronger influence. The Greeks had little respect for animal-headed figures, and so an anthropomorphic statue was chosen as the idol, and proclaimed as the equivalent of the highly popular Apis. It was named Aser-hapi (i.e. Osiris-Apis), which became Serapis, and was said to be Osiris in full, rather than just his Ka (life force). Ptolemy`s efforts were successful - in time Serapis was held by the Egyptians in the highest reverence above all other deities, and he was adored in Athens and other Greek cities.


EX; FORVM Ancient Coins.

*With my sincere thank and appreciation , Photo and Description courtesy of FORVM Ancient Coins Staff.
Sam
71185q00[1].jpg
Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 CE., Roman Provincial Egypt24 viewsBB71185. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4774, Curtis 1976, Geissen 3217, SNG Cop 979, BMC Alexandria 2494 var (obverse legend), Emmett 4045, F, Alexandria mint, weight 7.885g, maximum diameter 20.5mm, die axis 0o, 29 Aug 285 - 28 Aug 286 CE.
Obverse: A K Γ OYAΛ ∆IOKΛHTIANOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: Eirene standing left, olive-branch in right hand, long transverse scepter in left, L - B (year 2) flanking across field

NORMAN K
normal_maximianus_12s[1].jpg
Diocletian, 284 - 305 A.D.11 viewsObverse - IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG Diocletian bust right 3/4 in front
Reverse - IOVI CONSERVATOR-I AVGG, TR, XXI. Jupiter and Diocletian face to face. Diocletian is standing to the left, turned right, dressed militarily, holding a septerin left hand. Jupiter is naked standing at right, turned left, the coat on the shoulder, holding a long Septeron the left hand and a globe nikephoros on the right hand giving to the emperor.
NORMAN K
Diocletian_RIC_V_325.JPG
Diocletian, 284 - 305 AD46 viewsObv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Diocletian facing right.

IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Diocletian, on left, standing right holding a parazonium facing Jupiter, standing left, who presents him with Victory on a globe, holding a scepter in his left hand; a crescent above Z in center; XXI in exergue.

Billon Antoninianus, Antioch mint, 285 AD, Double struck

3.6 grams, 23 mm, 180°

RIC Vii 325, VM 28 (var.)

Ex: FORVM
SPQR Coins
Diocletian_RIC_278~1.JPG
Diocletian, 284 -305 AD21 viewsObv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Diocletian facing right.

Rev: VICTORIA AVGG, Diocletian and Maximianus standing facing each other, holding a figure of Victory between them, Γ in field, -XXI- in exergue.

Billon Antoninianus, Heraclea mint, 292 AD

4.3 grams, 23 mm, 180°

RIC Vii 278, S12715, VM 36
Matt Inglima
diodouble.jpg
Diocletian, 284-305 AD12 viewsAE Antoninianus, 20 mm, 2.95 gm. Heraclea mint.
Obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIA MILI-TVM, Diocletian standing right, holding sceptre and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre; HA/•XXI•.
Reference: RIC V(b), 284; Cohen 34.
Notes: Double-struck reverse
John Anthony
dioncletianric306.jpg
Diocletian, 284-305 AD13 viewsAE Antoninianus; Cyzicus Mint: 286-293 AD.
Obv.: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS AVG; Radiate, draped bust right.
Rev. CONCORDIA MILITVM; Emperor standing right, holding short sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter, standing left, holding vertical sceptre / A // XXI.
Reference: RIC 5(b) 306 (p. 253).
Notes: Ebay sale, 11/12/14, momsquared, 15.
John Anthony
Diocletian,_284-305.jpg
Diocletian, 284-305 AD4 viewsBillon Antoninianus, Heraclea

Obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG Radiate, Draped and Cuirassed Bust Right.

Rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM / HB Diocletian Standing Right, Holding Scepter and Receiving Victory on Globe from Jupiter Standing Left, Holding Long Scepter.

RIC 13 (2.93 g, 21.5 mm)
Vacolony
Diocletian__AR_Argenteus.jpg
Diocletian, 284-305 AD. AR Argenteus, Thessalonica105 viewsObverse: DIOCLETI-ANVS AVG - Laureate bust of Diocletian Facing Right
Reverse: VIRTVS MILITVM - 3 Turreted Campgate With No Doors , .T.S.B. in ex.

Thessalonica mint, struck c. 302 AD.
Attribution: R.I.C. VI Thessalonica 15a , Rare.
Weight: 2.96 Gr , Max Diameter:  20 mm
Die Axis: 11 H , Ch gVF.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection./ NO. RI 3001
5 commentsSam
DiocletProv.JPG
Diocletian, 285 AD, pre-reform Antoninianus35 viewsIMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Bust radiate, draped, right
PROVIDENTIA AVG
Annona standing left, holding cornucopeia, modius at feet
C in right field, no exergue
RIC V Lugdunum 77
whitetd49
DSC_2505.JPG
Diocletian, AD 284-30532 viewsAE Antoninianus.socalcoins
diocletian_1_k.jpg
Diocletian, AD 284-3059 viewsBl Antoninianus, 4.1g, 20mm, 12h; Antioch mint, AD 284
Obv.: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: IOVI CONSERVATO-RI AVGG, Emperor (on left) and Jupiter standing confronted, Emperor holding parazonium, Jupiter presenting Victory on a globe offering wreath and holding long scepter vertical behind in left, Δ in center, XXI in exergue.
Reference: RIC Vb, 324, p. 256 / 17-90-35
John Anthony
dio_tyche_stg_k.jpg
Diocletian, AD 284-3053 viewsPotin tetradrachm, 22mm, 7.4g, 12h; Alexandria, AD 286/7
Obv.: A K Γ OYA ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB, laureate cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: ETOVC, Tyche standing left holding rudder and cornucopiae, star above Γ in right field.
Reference: Milne 4840.
From the Collection of JBGood, 16-129-34
John Anthony
dio_eagle_k.jpg
Diocletian, AD 284-3053 viewsPotin tetradrachm, 20mm, 8.1g, 12h; Alexandria, AD 286/7
Obv.: A K Γ OYA ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB, laureate cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: ETOVS - Γ, eagle standing left, head right, wreath in beak.
Reference: Milne 4845.
From the Collection of JBGood
John Anthony
dio_eag_standards_k.jpg
Diocletian, AD 284-3055 viewsPotin tetradrachm, 20mm, 8.1g, 12h; Alexandria, AD 286/7
Obv.: A K Γ OYA ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: Eagle standing facing, head right, wreath in beak, wings open, between two vexilla
L Δ / * in upper field.
Reference: Emmett 4039, Curtis 1974; Milne 4891.
From the Collection of JBGood
John Anthony
dio_tyche_rec_k.jpg
Diocletian, AD 284-3057 viewsPotin Tetradrachm, 20mm, 8.5g, 12h; Alexandria mint, AD 284.
Obv.: A K Γ OVA ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB; laureate, cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: Tyche crowned with modius, reclining left on garlanded couch, resting right hand on rudder; in upper center field, LA (year 1)
Reference: Emmett 4083, Curtis 2023.
From the Collection of JBGood.
John Anthony
diocletian_k.jpg
Diocletian, AD 284-3056 viewsAE Radiate Fraction, 20mm, 3.0g, 6h; Heraclea mint, AD 295-296.
Obv.: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG., radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding scepter. HA in lower center.
Reference: RIC VI Heraclea 13/21, p. 531/532, 16-250-35
John Anthony
Dio_Pop_PLG_k.jpg
Diocletian, AD 284-3055 viewsÆ Follis, 29mm, 11.1g, 6h; Lugdunum mint, AD 303-305.
Obv.: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG; Laureate, cuirassed bust left.
Rev.: GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI; Genius standing left by altar, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae. Star in right field // PLG
Reference: RIC VI 175a, p. 253
From the YOC Collection
John Anthony
diocletian_2_k.jpg
Diocletian, AD 284-3054 viewsBl Antoninianus, 4.1g, 20mm, 12h; Antioch mint, AD 284
Obv.: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: IOVI CONSERVATO-RI AVGG, Emperor (on left) and Jupiter standing confronted, Emperor holding parazonium, Jupiter presenting Victory on a globe offering wreath and holding long scepter vertical behind in left, Δ in center, XXI in exergue.
Reference: RIC Vb, 324, p. 256 / 17-71-34
John Anthony
dio_genio_k.jpg
Diocletian, AD 285-3053 viewsÆ Follis, 28mm, 9.8g, 12h; Cyzicus mint, AD 295-6
Obv.: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG; Laureate head right.
Rev.: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI; Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera from which liquid flows and cornucopiae // KΓ
Reference: RIC VI Cyzicus 10a, p. 580, 16-325-85
John Anthony
imgonline-com-ua-2to1-7cIn4l87AZeJzcOh.jpg
Diocletian, AE 1, Large Follis, 296-297 AD.6 viewsHeraclea, 9,5 g, 28 mm. Obv/ IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right , R/ GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia; in ex. HT , RIC VI,19a; RSC 106; RCV 3534.Ruslan K
Diocletian_OBV.JPG
Diocletian, AE Antonianus, Obv19 viewsDiocletian; AD 284-305
Bronze; AE Antoninianus, Antioch
OBV: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG; Radiate/Cuirassed Bust Right
REV: CONCORDIA MILITVM;
Diocletian standing R receiving victory on globe from Jupiter
(RIC V 322)
Philip G
diocletiansacrast.jpg
Diocletian, AE folis, Ticinum 38 views Obv. IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right
Rev. SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae
STdot in exergue, RIC 45A, S
1 commentsSkyler
043-3-horz.jpg
Diocletian, AE Follis. Antioch11 viewsAD 284 – 305
10.86 grams
Obv.: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right.
Rev.: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder (falls low), holding patera from which liquid flows and cornucopiae. K in left field, delta over V in right field. Mintmark ANT.
RIC VI 54a.1 (A very common variety)
Purchased on eBay
NGC Ch XF: Strike 5/5: Surface 5/5
Richard M10
AAEEb_small.png
Diocletian, AE radiate fraction5 viewsDiocletian. 284-305 AD.

Antioch. 296 AD.

20mm., 1.92g.

IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG. Head of Diocletian, laureate, right

CONCORDIA MIL-ITVM. Diocletian, draped, cuirassed, standing right, receiving small Victory on globe from Jupiter; Jupiter, standing left, leaning on sceptre with left hand. Officina Mark: ς, star above. Mintmark A[..]

References: RIC VI Antioch 60a

AAEE
RL
DIOCLET-4-ROMAN.jpg
Diocletian, Alexandria RIC VI-10920 viewsAE Follis
Alexandria mint, 308-310 A.D.
7.25g, 25mm
RIC VI-109

Obverse:
D N DIOCLETIANVS BAEATISS
Laureate, in imperial mantle, right holding branch, left mappa, bust right.

Reverse:
PROVIDENTIA DEORVM
E
KP
ALE
Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, right holding branch, left leaning on sceptre.
rubadub
0560-310np_noir.jpg
Diocletian, Antoninianus85 viewsSiscia mint, 1st officina, AD 285-287
IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Radiate and draped bust of Diocletianus right
CLEMENTIA TEMP, Diocletianus facing Jupiter giving him a Victory. A in field, XXI at exergue
4,61 gr
Ref : Cohen #19, RCV # 12630 (40), RIC V, Part 2, 252
Potator II
5426_5427.jpg
Diocletian, Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM5 viewsAE Antoninianus
Diocletian
Augustus: 284 - 305AD
Issued: 293 - 295AD
21.0mm 4.00gr
O: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM; Diocletian standing right on left, holding scepter, receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter to right, holding scepter.
Exergue: H, above line; XXI, below line.
Antioch Mint
Aorta: 1318: B50, O32, R17, T40, M2.
okta2000-2013 272021170905
10/29/15 1/31/17
Nicholas Z
5948_(1)_5949_(1).jpg
Diocletian, Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER AVGG13 viewsAE Antoninianus
Diocletian
Augustus: 284 - 305AD
Issued: 287 - 288AD
22.0 x 21.0mm 4.00gr 6h
O: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: IOVI CONSER AVGG; Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter, eagle at feet, left.
Exergue: A, right field.
Lyons Mint
RIC V Lugdunum 35, A, right; Bastien 76; Cohen 184.
Aorta: 1371: B50, O32, R67, T93, M9.
Victor's Imperial Coins/victor-clark: Victor Clark 282798504136
1/13/18 1/20/18
Nicholas Z
4747_4748.jpg
Diocletian, Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG18 viewsAE Antoninianus
Diocletian
Augustus: 284 - 305AD
Issued: 284AD
21.0mm 4.31gr
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG; Diocletian standing right on left, holding scepter, receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter to right, standing left, holding scepter.
Exergue: A, above line; XXI, below line.
Antioch Mint
Aorta: 1392: B50, O32, R75, T40, M2.
RIC V-2 Antioch 324, A, rated C.
zurqieh_dubai 291359595267
5/18/15 2/19/17
2 commentsNicholas Z
8015_8016.jpg
Diocletian, Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG5 viewsAE Antoninianus
Diocletian
Augustus: 284 - 305AD
Issued: 284AD
22.0 x 20.0mm 3.10gr 0h
O: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: IOVI CONSERVATO-RI AVG; Diocletian standing right on left, holding scepter, receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter, to right, holding scepter.
Antioch Mint
Exergue: ε, above line; XXI, below line.
RIC V-2 Antioch 324, ε
Aorta: 1394: B50, O32, R75, T40, M2.
gac-coins 142966394521
10/14/18 12/5/18
Nicholas Z
5649_5650.jpg
Diocletian, Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG11 viewsAE Antoninianus
Diocletian
Augustus: 284 - 305AD
Issued: 285AD
23.0 x 20.0mm 3.30gr
O: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG; Diocletian standing right on left, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with long scepter.
Exergue: H, above line; XXI, below line.
Antioch Mint
RIC V Antioch 325; Cohen 280.
Aorta: B50, O32, R76, T40, M2.
victor_clark 282726280528
11/18/17 11/24/17
Nicholas Z
0560-210np_noir.jpg
Diocletian, Argenteus - *156 viewsNicomedia mint, 3rd officina, AD 295-296
DIOCLETI ANVS AVG, Laureate head of Diocletian right
VICTORIAE SARMATICAE, The tetrarchs sacrifying before a campgate. SMNΓat exergue
3.3 gr
Ref : RCV # 12615 (1000), Cohen #491 var,
6 commentsPotator II
diocle_tetra~0.jpg
Diocletian, Athena, year 314 viewsDiocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4811, Geissen 3225, Curtis 1961, BMC Alexandria 2481, gF, Alexandria mint, 7.877g, 19.5mm, 0o, 29 Aug 286 - 28 Aug 287 A.D.; obverse “ΑΚ Γ ΟΥΑ ΔΙΟΚΛΗΤΙΑΝΟ”C C“ΕΒ”, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse , Athena standing head left, spear in right, resting left on shield, “Γ” / L (year 3) left. Ex FORVMPodiceps
GI_141d_img.jpg
Diocletian, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Year 1, Dikaiosyne21 viewsObv:– A K L OVAL DIOKLHTIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped bust right
Rev:– None, Dikaiosyne, seated left on throne, holding scales in right hand and cornucopia in left
Minted in Alexandria (LA). Year 1. A.D. 284-285
Reference:– Milne 4748. Emmett 4034(1) R2. Curtis 1966. BMC 2492. Köln 3201. Dattari 5653
maridvnvm
GI_141c_img.jpg
Diocletian, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Year 7, Zeus21 viewsObv:– DIOKLHTIANOC CEB, Laureate head right
Rev:– None, Zeus, seated left on throne, holding patera in right hand and resting on sceptre in left, eagle on ground before
Minted in Alexandria (LZ). Year 7. A.D. 290-290
Reference:– Milne 4968. Emmett 4089(7) R1. Curtis 2037. BMC 2477. Dattari 5776
maridvnvm
diocalextetOR.jpg
Diocletian, BMC Alexandria 252214 viewsAlexandria mint, Diocletian tetradrachm, 284-305 (287/288) A.D. potin, 20mm 8.32g, BMC Alexandria 2522
O: AKGOVAΔIOKΛHTI ANOCCEB, bust r., laur; wears cuirass
R: Nike running l., holds wreath and palm LΔ to l.

casata137ec
DIOCLET-1-ROMAN.jpg
Diocletian, Carthage RIC VI-031a(A)22 viewsAE Follis
Carthage mint, 299-303 A.D.
7.81g, 31mm
RIC VI-31a

Obverse:
IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Laureate head right.

Reverse:
SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART
A
Carhtigo standing facing, head left, in long robe, holding fruits in both hands.
rubadub
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Diocletian, Concordia Militvm19 viewsAntoninianus; 3.64g; 21mm

IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG
Radiate draped bust right

CONCORDIA MILITVM
Emperor standing right accepting Victory on a globe from Jupiter

r over XXI(dot) in exergue

RIC 306
1 commentsRobin Ayers
DIOCLET-5-ROMAN.jpg
Diocletian, Cyzicus RIC V(2)-306(B)28 viewsAntoninianus
Cyzicus mint, 284-294 A.D.
21mm, 2.81
RIC V(2)-306, RCVv.4-12635

Obverse:
IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG
Radiate and draped bust right.

Reverse:
CONCORDIA MILITVM
B in center field
XXI in exergue
Emperor standing right, holding parazonium or sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding on sceptre.
1 commentsWill J
diocle_tetra_4891.jpg
Diocletian, Eagle facing, flanked by two vexilla, year 417 viewsDiocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4891, BMC Alexandria 2539, Geissen 3235, Curtis 1974, SNG Cop 991, VF/F, Alexandria mint, 8.557g, 19.7mm, 0o, 29 Aug 287 - 28 Aug 288 A.D.; obverse “A K G OUA DIOKLHTIANO”C C“EB”, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse , eagle standing facing, wings spread, wreath in beak, flanked by two vexilla, L“D” (year 4) and star above. Ex FORVMPodiceps
diocle_y3.jpg
Diocletian, eagle left - head right, year 316 viewsDiocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, obverse legend variation unpublished in major references, Milne 4864 var, Geissen 3234 var, Curtis 1968 var, BMC 2533 var, SNG Cop 983 var, flat strike, Alexandria mint, 8.869 grams, 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, 29 Aug 286 - 28 Aug 287 A.D.; obverse “A K G OUAL DIOKLHTIANOC CEB”, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse eagle standing left, head turned right, wreath in beak, ETOYC and star left, “G” (year 3) right. ex FORVMPodiceps
diocle1.jpg
Diocletian, eagle left- head right, year 616 viewsDiocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4933, BMC 2535 var (date placement), Curtis -, Geissen -, SNG Cop -, Alexandria mint, 7.877 grams, 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, 29 Aug 289 - 28 Aug 290 A.D.; obverse “A K G OUA DIOKLHTIANOC CEB”, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse eagle standing left, looking back, wreath in beak, L - S (year 6) across fields; scarce; ex FORVMkaitsuburi
dioclexx.jpg
Diocletian, eagle right, year 510 viewsDiocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4918, Curtis 1970, BMC 2538, Geissen 3241, SNG Cop 995, Emmett 4041, Alexandria, 7.265g, 18.0mm, 0o, 29 Aug 289 - 28 Aug 290 A.D.; obverse Α Κ Γ ΟΥΑΛ ∆ΙΟΚΛΗΤΙΑΝΟC CΕΒ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse eagle standing right, wreath in beak, palm across shoulder, * left, L - E (year 5) across fields; ex FORVMPodiceps
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Diocletian, EGYPT, Alexandria11 viewsDiocletian Potin Tetradrachm of Alexandria.

DIOKLETIANOC CEB, laureate cuirassed bust right / Nike advancing right with wreath & palm, LD to right.
ecoli
diocle_tetra.jpg
Diocletian, Eirene, year 109 viewsDiocletian, AE Tetradrachm, 293/294 (Year 10), Egypt-Alexandria, DIOKLHTIANOC CEB, Laureate, cuirassed bust right, Eirene standing facing, head left, olive branch upward in right hand, transverse scepter in left, L | I across fields. Emmett 4045, Milne 5131; BMC 2498.Podiceps
diocle_LS_elpis.jpg
Diocletian, Elpis, year 616 viewsDiocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4937, Curtis 1985, BMC Alexandria 2500, Geissen 3249, SNG Cop 998, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 289 - 28 Aug 290 A.D.; obverse Α Κ Γ ΟΥΑΛ ∆ΙΟΚΛΗΤΙΑΝΟC CΕΒ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Elpis standing left, flower in right, raising fold of chiton with left, star right, L - S (year 6) across fields; Elpis was the Greek equivalent of the Roman Spes, the goddess of hope. She was traditionally defined as "the last goddess" (Spes, ultima dea), meaning that hope is the last resource available to men. Elpis personified hope for good harvests, and for children, and was invoked at births, marriages, and other important times. ex FORVMPodiceps
27446_Diocle_tetradrachm,_Milne_4897_eusebeia_5.jpg
Diocletian, Eusebeia standing, year 5, Milne 48979 viewsDiocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4897, Curtis 1995, BMC Alexandria 2511, Geissen 3244 ff., SNG Cop 992, VF, Alexandria mint, 7.346g, 18.1mm, 0o, 29 Aug 288 - 28 Aug 289 A.D.; obverse “Α Κ Γ ΟΥΑ ΔΙΟΚΛΗΤΙΑΝΟ”C C“ΕΒ”, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse , Eusebeia (piety) standing left, wearing modius, veiled, dropping incense on altar with right, left hidden in folds of peplos, L-E (year 5) across fields. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
diocle_2752.jpg
Diocletian, Eusebeia, year 110 viewsDiocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4752, Geissen 3204, Curtis 1994, BMC Alexandria 2509, aVF, Alexandria mint, 7.599g, 21.0mm, 0o, 284 - 285 A.D.; obverse “A K G OUAL DIOKLHTIANO”C C“EB”, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse L A (year 1), Eusebeia (piety) standing left, veiled, dropping incense on altar with right, acerra in raised left. Ex FORVMPodiceps
diocle_M4752.jpg
Diocletian, Eusebeia, year 114 viewsDiocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4752, Geissen 3204, Curtis 1994, BMC Alexandria 2509, VF, Alexandria mint, 8.085g, 18.9mm, 0o, 284 - 285 A.D.; obverse “A K G OUAL DIOKLHTIANO”C C“EB”, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse, Eusebeia (piety) standing left, veiled, dropping incense on altar with right, acerra in raised left, LA (year 1) left. Ex FORVMPodiceps
diocle_tetra_4897.jpg
Diocletian, Eusebeia, year 514 viewsDiocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5693; Milne 4897; Curtis 1995; BMC Alexandria p. 324, 2511; Geissen 3244 ff.; SNG Cop 992, VF, Alexandria mint, 7.143g, 19.1mm, 0o, 29 Aug 288 - 28 Aug 289 A.D.; obverse “Α Κ Γ ΟΥΑ ΔΙΟΚΛΗΤΙΑΝΟ”C C“ΕΒ”, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse , Eusebeia (piety) standing left, wearing modius, veiled, dropping incense on altar with right, left hidden in folds of peplos, L-E (year 5) across fields. Eusebeia was the Greek personification of piety; the Roman equivalent was Pietas. Ex FORVMPodiceps
0560-320np_noir.jpg
Diocletian, Follis108 viewsAlexandria mint, 2nd officina, c. AD 304-305
IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate bust of Diocletianus right
IOVI CONS CAES, Jupiter standing left, holding victory and spear. B in right field S | P in lower field, ALE at exergue
11.21 gr
Ref : Cohen # 173, RCV # 12805 (180), RIC VI # 41
Potator II
0560-330.jpg
Diocletian, Follis 47 viewsTrier mint, 1st officina, c. AD 303-305
IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, head towered, wearing chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera in right hand, left cornucopiae; S | F in field, PTR at exergue
11.97 gr 29 mm
Ref : RIC VI, Trier, 582a, RCV # 12763v,

SUP, avec argenture complete mais frappe molle a l'avers
1 commentsPotator II
6768_6769.jpg
Diocletian, Follis, NO LEGEND, Wreath, VOT/XX/FK10 viewsAE Follis
Diocletian
Augustus: 284 - 305AD
Issued: 303AD
21.5 x 20.0mm 2.80gr 11h
O: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: NO LEGEND; Wreath, badge at top; VOT/XX/FK within.
Carthage Mint
Rarity: C
RIC VI Carthage 37a
Aorta: 1471: B50, O35, R188, T191, M4.
champoldfart 222990840986
5/30/18 8/8/18
Nicholas Z