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Search results - "Didrachm"
Quadrigato.jpg
77 viewsAnonymous AR Quadrigatus or Didrachm. 215-213 BC.
Obv.: Laureate, janiform head of the Dioscuri
Rev.: Jupiter right, holding scepter & hurling thunderbolt, in a quadriga driven by Victory, ROMA below in a tablet.
Grs. 5,7 mm. 19,5x20,9
Craw. 29/3, Sear RCV 32

1 commentsMaxentius
Metapont_Nomos1.jpg
45 viewsdidrachm, 330/290 BC
7.82 g
obv: head of Demeter left
rev: ear of grain, tongs to left, META to right
(Johnston C 4.20 (this coin); Rutter, Historia Numorum 1583)
from Ars Classica 15, Luzern 1930, No. 167, ex Künker e-Auction 17, No. 7
2 commentsareich
Samos_didrachm.jpg
110 viewsIslands off Ionia, Samos. Circa 310-300 BC. AR Didrachm (6.24 gm, 19mm). Asklepiades. Obv.: lion’s mask facing. Rev.: ΣΑ / [Α]ΣΚΛΗΠΙΑΔ[ΗΣ] Forepart of an ox to right, with a dotted truncation and an olive branch to right. Barron p. 214, 2 b (this coin). Ex:Münzen und Medaillen AG, Basel - fixed price list 169 (1957), lot 183 commentspaul1888
dm2945.jpg
24 viewsPtolemy/Selukid AE22 didrachm8.53g. Demetrios II / David C13
rjb_2009_12_03.jpg
9820 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD
AR didrachm
Caesarea in Cappadocia
Laureate draped bust right
Statue on top of Mount Argaeus
Sydenham 157
mauseus
EpirFake.jpg
"Epirus, the Epeirote Republic, Didrachm size modern fake, genuine drachm prototypes dated 234-168 BC. "69 viewsEpirus, the Epeirote Republic, modern fake, genuine drachm prototypes dated 234-168 BC.,
Didrachm size (ø 22 mm / 8,50 g), silver, axes about coin alignment ↑↓ (ca. 160°), edge: 50 % filed, 50 % hammered,
Obv.: A· , laureate head of Zeus Dodonaios right, A· behind, dotted border.
Rev.: AΠEI / PΩTAN , eagle standing right on thunderbolt, all within oak wreath, dotted border.
for prototype cf. BMC p. 89, no. 14 (drachm size 4,5-5,0 g., AI· -monogram behind head on obverse) ; - Dewing 1444 (same) ; Franke, - Epirus 100 (same) ; - SNG Cop. 108ff. ; for a drachm showing similar style cf. http://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=748945 (also a fake?) .

1 commentsArminius
ant-pius_didrachm_5_9gr_o-r.jpg
0 - Antoninus Pius Silver Didrachm of Caearea, Cappadocia - Pietas standing w/ Altar32 views~
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Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius ( 138 - 161 AD )
Silver Didrachm (two drachmai) of Caesarea, Cappadocia.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Bare headed bust of Antoninus Pius facing right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from Behind.
rev: Pietas, unveiled, standing left, raising right hand over lighted altar and holding open box in left hand.

Weight: 5.9 Grams.
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*~!CLICK PHOTO FOR FULLSIZE - VERY LARGE PHOTO!~*
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~ VERY RARE COIN ~
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1 commentsrexesq
Didrachm-Syd-64.jpg
001. Didrachm.16 viewsDidrachm, ca 225-212 BC, Rome mint.
Obverse: Janiform heads.
Reverse: ROMA / Jupiter in quadriga, holding spear and hurling thunderbolt.
Victory behind him.
6.70 gm., 24 mm.
Syd. #64; Sear #31.
Callimachus
0010-010np_noir.jpg
0030 - Republic, Didrachm198 viewsRome mint c. 269-266 BC
No legend, Diademed head of young Hercules right, with club and lion's skin over shoulder
ROMANO, She wolf right, suckling Romulus and Remus
7.29 gr
Ref : RCV # 24, RSC # 8
6 commentsPotator II
0010-015.jpg
0083 - Republic, Didrachm (Quadrigatus)55 viewsRome or other italian mint, c 215-211 BC
Laureate janiform head of Dioscuri
ROMA in relief in linear frame at exergue, Jupiter, holding thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left, in fast quadriga driven right by Victory.
6,69 gr - 20-21 mm
Ref : RCV #33, RSC # 24
3 commentsPotator II
CAPPADOCIA__Caesarea__Vespasian_with_Titus_(69-79)__Didrachm__RPC_II_1650,_Sydenham_102__Q-001,_0h,_19mm,_6,73g-s.jpg
020p Vespasian with Titus (69-79 A.D.), Cappadocia, Caesarea, Galatia-Cappadocia, RPC II 1650, AR-Didrachm, Laureate head of Titus right, #1107 views020p Vespasian with Titus (69-79 A.D.), Cappadocia, Caesarea, Galatia-Cappadocia, RPC II 1650, AR-Didrachm, Laureate head of Titus right, #1
avers: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC, Laureate head of Vespasian right.
reverse: AYTO KAI OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOY YIOC, Laureate head of Titus right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 19,0-20,0mm, weight: 6,73g, axis: 0h,
mint: City: Caesarea, Region: Cappadocia, Province: Galatia-Cappadocia,
date: 69-79 A.D.,
ref: RPC II 1650, Sydenham 102, Metcalf Conspectus 4, Ganschow 66b,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
LitraRoma.jpg
026/3 Litra or 1/8 ounce40 viewsAnonymous. Æ Litra or 1/8 ounce. Rome. 234-231 BC. ( 3.43g, 15mm, 5h) Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right Rev: Horse rearing left, wearing bridle, bit, and reins; ROMA below.

Crawford 26/3; Sydenham 29 (Half-litra); Kestner 56-65; BMCRR Romano-Campanian 70-74 (Half-litra)

This coin is attributed as a Litra by Crawford, others define it as half-litra. However, it could be argued that "1/8 ounce piece" is the better description.

First of all, on litra and half-litra:

"According to Crawford, the weight standard of the series 26 litra and half litra are based on a litra of 3.375 grams . The half litra in Crawford is described as having a dog on the reverse rather than a horse, and the average weight of the half litra of several specimens is described as 1.65 grams. BMCRR does refer to these as half litrae; but keep in mind that Grueber was writing circa 1900 and based on older scholarship. Sydenham was writing in the 1950s. Of the three major works cited, Crawford is the most current and likely based on a greater number of more recent finds."

Andrew Mccabe:

"It's very doubtful to me that the word "litra" is correct. Much more likely, these small bronze coins were simply fractions of the Aes Grave cast coinage system, as they come in weights of 1/4, 1/8 and 1/16 ounce, and the Aes Grave coinage generally had denominations from As down to Semuncia (1/2 ounce). So this coin would be 1/8 ounce coin. That's my view, which differs from their long term designation as "Litra", which presume them to be overvalued token bronze coinage on the Sicilian model, whereby bronze coins had value names that indicate a relationship to the silver coinage.

Litra, the word, is from the same stem as Libra, i.e. pound, would suggest a denomination of a (light) Sicilian pound of bronze, which sometimes equates in value to a small silver coin in Sicily weighing about 1/12 didrachm (about 0.6 grams) so by this definition, a Litra = an Obol. But it hardly stands up to scrutiny that such a tiny bronze coin, weighing 3.375 grams, could have been equivalent to a 0.6 gram silver obol. It would imply a massive overvaluation of bronze that just does not seem credible.

So. throw out the Litras, and call these coins 1/8 ounce pieces, and I think we have a sensible answer."

Paddy
didrachm.jpg
028/3 Didrachm/Quadrigatus 37 viewsAnonymous. AR Didrachm-Quadrigatus. Uncertain or Rome Mint c. 225-214 B.C. (6.26g, 20.9m, 9h). Obv: Laureate head of Janus. Rev: Jupiter, hurling Thunderbolt and holding scepter in Quadriga right driven by Victory. Roma in relief in linear frame. Craw. 28/3, Syd. 65, RSC 24. CNG276/320.

One of Rome’s pre-denarius silver coins issued before the Second Punic War, and the introduction of the denarius circa 214-211 B.C.

I wanted to trace the evolution of Roman coinage, so I couldn’t pass this one up when I saw it. More information on the type can be found here: andrewmccabe.ancients.info.

2 commentsLucas H
GI_030a_img.jpg
030 - Vespasian Didrachm, Cappadocia, Caesarea - Nike34 viewsObv:– AVTOKPA KAICAP OVECPACIANOC CEBACTOC, Laureate head right
Rev:– NIKH CEBACTH, Victory walking right, holding wreath and palm
Minted in Cappadocia, Caesarea. A.D. 77 - 78

Weight 7.23g. 20.30mm.
maridvnvm
GI_030b_img.jpg
030 - Vespasian Didrachm, Cappadocia, Caesarea - Sydenham, Caesarea 10234 viewsObv:– AVTOKPA KAICAP OVECPACIANOC CEBACTOC, Laureate head right
Rev:– AVTO KAI OVECPACIANOC CEBACTOV VIOC, Laureate head of Titus right
Minted in Cappadocia, Caesarea. A.D. 76 - 77
Reference:– Sydenham, Caesarea 102; Metcalf, Caesarea 4. RPC 1650.

Weight 7.05g. 19.38mm.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
LarryW2407.jpg
030 Zeugitana, Carthage, 310-290 BC85 viewsElectrum shekel-didrachm, 18.5mm, 7.43g, nice VF
Head of Tanit left, wreathed with corn; she wears necklace and triple-drop earring; dot before neck / Horse standing right on exergal line; three pellets under exergual line.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Apollo Numismatics
Jenkins V, 282-2; Müller p. 84, 52
3 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
Didrachm_Black~0.jpg
030/1 AR Didrachm60 viewsAnonymous. AR Didrachm. Uncertain Mint, 225-214 BC. (6.56g, 23mm, 12h) Obv: Janiform head of the Dioscuri. Rev: Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding sceptre, in galloping quadriga driven by Victory; ROMA on tablet below.

Crawford 30/1; Sydenham 64.

Traces of corrosion, Good Very Fine.

Ex: Roma Numismatics

From the Andrew McCabe Collection; Ex Goodman
5 commentsPaddy
GI_064m_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Ar Drachm - Syd. -61 viewsObv:– AY KAI L CEPT CEOVHPOC, Laureate head right
Rev:– MHTPO KAICAPIACW, Male figure (Argaios(?)), laureate, draped seated left on Mount Argaeus, holding branch
Minted in Caesarea, Cappadocia. Year 17, ETIZ in exe. A.D. 209

Apparently unlisted in Sydenham, cf. Syd. #403, which is a matching didrachm of this type.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
579_P_Hadrian_RPC1247.jpg
1247 PONTUS, Amisus Hadrian Didrachm 131-32 AD Tyche10 viewsReference.
RPC 3, 1247; BMC Pontus 85 Pag. 22

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒ Π Π ΥΠ Γ
Draped and laureate bust of Hadrian, r., seen from rear

Rev. ΑΜΙСΟΥ ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΑС ΕΤΟΥС ΡΞΓ (Year 163 (ΡΞΓ Date 131/2)
Turreted Tyche seated l., r. resting on rudder on head, left, holding cornucopia on left arm.

5.44 gr
23 mm
6h
okidoki
PC_0003.JPG
19th Century framed uniface plaster cast Didrachm? from Akragas19 viewsObv:- Sea eagle standing left; AkRA beneath
Rev:- Crab.
Akragas. Sicily. 5th Century B.C.

Didrachm?? Coin diameter is 23mm

Famed uniface plaster cast from 19th century.
Originally mounted on velvet and one would assume in a display case. Traces of velvet still attached to underside of frame.
maridvnvm
2012.JPG
2012 Highlights87 views A few favorites from 2012

1: Lucania, Metapontum didrachm, c. 350 - 330 BC

2: Julius Caesar denarius, 44 BC

3: Publius Fonteius P.f. Capito denarius, c. 55 - 54 BC

4: Tiberius, denarius, 15 - 16 AD

5: Titus, Antioch denarius, 72 - 73 AD

6: Asia Minor, Carian Islands drachm, c. 88 - 84 BC

7: Tiberius, Olba, Cilicia Æ 24, c. 14 - 16 AD

8: Caius Fonteius denarius, 114 - 113 BC

9: Severus Alexander denarius, 231 AD

10: Maximinus I, Alexandria tetradrachm, 235 - 236 AD
4 commentsSPQR Coins
BOTLAUREL_2013.JPG
201344 viewsTHIS YEAR'S WINNERS
CLICK ON A COIN FOR ITS DETAILS

*Alex
777_P_Hadrian_RPC_3087.jpg
3087 CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea. Hadrian Didrachm 128-38 AD Helios on Mt Argaeus35 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3087; Metcalf 92a; Sydenham 263

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑСΤΟС
laureate head of Hadrian, right.

Rev. ΥΠΑΤΟС Γ ΠΑΤΗΡ ΠΑΤ
Mt Argaeus surmounted by Helios standing l., holding globe in r., sceptre in left.

5.85 gr
22 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
477_P_Hadrian_RPC3091.jpg
3091 CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea. Hadrian Didrachm 128-38 AD Helios on Mt Argaeus38 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3091; Metcalf 93b; Sydenham 266a.
http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/3/3091/

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑСΤΟС
laureate head of Hadrian, right, with drapery on left shoulder.

Rev. ΥΠΑΤΟС Γ ΠΑΤΗΡ ΠΑΤΡ ( Issue. Hadrian Pater Patriae)
Mt Argaeus surmounted by Helios standing left, holding globe in right, sceptre in left.

Note.
Ex Classical Numismatic Group 49 (17 March 1999), lot 992.

6.42 gr
20 mm
6 h.
3 commentsokidoki
1102_P_Hadrian_RPC3094.jpg
3094 CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea. Hadrian Didrachm 128-38 AD Helios on Mt Argaeus14 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3094; S 265, Metcalf Conspectus 94

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑСΤΟС
Laureate head of Hadrian, right

Rev. ΥΠΑΤΟС Γ ΠΑΤΗΡ ΠΑΤ
Mt Argaeus surmounted by Helios standing l., holding globe in r., sceptre in l.; in the field, star, l. and crescent, r.

6.04 gr
21 mm
12h
okidoki
767_P_Hadrian_RPC3095.jpg
3095 CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea. Hadrian Didrachm 128-38 AD Helios on Mt Argaeus24 viewsReference. very rare
RPC 3, 3095 (Henseler coll.); Metcalf-; Sydenham, Caesarea -

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑСΤΟС
Laureate head of Hadrian, right

Rev. ΥΠΑΤΟС Γ ΠΑΤΗΡ ΠΑΤΡ
Mt Argaeus surmounted by Helios standing l., holding globe in r., sceptre in l.; in the field, star, l. and crescent, r.

6.54 gr
21 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
906_P_Hadrian_RPC3098.JPG
3098 CAPPADOCIA, Caesaraea Hadrian Didrachm 128-138 AD Mount Argaeus one star35 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3098; S 268a, Metcalf Conspectus 95b

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑСΤΟС
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., with drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. ΥΠΑΤΟС Γ ΠΑΤΗΡ ΠΑΤΡ
Mount Argaeus surmounted by star

6.11 gr
21 mm
6h
3 commentsokidoki
999_P_Hadrian_RPC_3099.jpg
3099 CAPPADOCIA, Caesaraea Hadrian Didrachm 128-138 AD Mount Argaeus three stars24 viewsReference.
RPC III 3099; S 270a, Metcalf Conspectus 96a

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑСΤΟС
Laureate head of Hadrian, right

Rev. ΥΠΑΤΟС Γ ΠΑΤΗΡ ΠΑΤΡ
Mount Argaeus surmounted by star; to l. and r., stars

5.62 gr
20 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
371_P_Hadrian.jpg
3109 CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea Hadrian Didrachm 128-38 AD Club 37 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3109; BMC p. 61, 135; Hunter II p. 587, 43; Metcalf p. 122, 99; SNG Copenhagen 231; SNG von Aulock 6421; Sydenham p. 78, 280

Obv. AΔPIANOC CEBACTOC
Laureate head right.

Rev. ΥΠΑΤΟС Γ ΠΑΤΗΡ ΠΑΤΡΙΔΟС (Issue Hadrian Pater Patriae)
Club, handle at top

6.21 gr
21.5 mm
6 h.
1 commentsokidoki
1317_P_Hadrian_RPC3110.jpg
3116 CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea Hadrian Didrachm 128-38 AD Club43 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3116; S 283; Metcalf Conspectus 103 corr.; Cop: 232

Issue Hadrian Pater Patriae

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟϹ ϹΕΒΑϹΤΟϹ
Laureate head of Hadrian, left

Rev. ΠΑΤΗΡ ΠΑΤΡΙ ΥΠΑΤΟϹ ΤΟ Γ
Club, handle at top

5.97 gr
22 mm
12h
okidoki
948_P_Hadrian_RPC3117.jpg
3117 CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea. Hadrian Didrachm 128-38 AD Tyche standing27 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3117; S 252 and 252a, Metcalf Conspectus 105 corr.

Obv. СΕΒΑСΤΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, with paludamentum, left.

Rev. ΠΑΤΗΡ ΠΑΤΡΙ ΥΠΑΤΟС ΤΟ Γ
Tyche standing l., holding rudder and cornucopia

5.72 gr
21 mm
12h
okidoki
837_P_Hadrian_RPC3118.jpg
3118 CAPPADOCIA, Caesaraea Hadrian Didrachm 128-138 AD Crescent on Mt Argaeus56 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3118; Metcalf Conspectus 104; Sydenham 252b corr. (bust type).

Obv. ΠΑΤΗΡ ΠΑΤΡΙ ΥΠΑΤΟС ΤΟ Γ (retrograde).
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.

Rev. ΠΑΤΗΡ ΠΑΤΡΙ ΥΠΑΤΟС / Γ (retrograde).
Mt Argaeus surmounted by crescent

5.84 gr
21 mm
6h
6 commentsokidoki
940_P_Hadrian_RPC.jpg
3168A CAPPADOCIA, Hierapolis (Comana). Hadrian Didrachm Tyche41 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3168A (Same obverse die)

Obv: ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СЄΒΑСΤΟС.
Laureate head right.

Rev: ΥΠΑΤΟС Γ ΠΑΤΗΡ ΠΑΤΡΙ.
Tyche seated left on throne, holding rudder and cornucopia.

5.83 gr
21 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
3210034.jpg
324-323 BC, Alexander the great, AR Didrachm 18mm 8.18 g 3h98 viewsBabylon mint,head of Herakles right,wearing lion skin.Rev Zeus Aetophoros seated left,M in left field,.Struck under Stamenes or Archon circa 324/3 BC very rare.
From the last issue of Alexanders lifetime coinage in the city where he died,contemporary with his dekadrachm issue.
1 commentsGrant H
1074_P_Hadrian_RPC5776.jpg
5776 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Didrachm 130-31 AD Sarapis21 viewsReference.
RPC III; 5776=Paris 1689; Emmett --; Dattari--;

Issue L IE = year 15

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ - ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L ΙΕ
Draped bust of Sarapis, wearing kalathos and laurel wreath, right

4.95 gr
17 mm
12h

Note.
RPC III states
Unique. Note that the obv. bust is the same as that used on small AE denominations; however the coin cannot be a cast forgery in silver since the reverse design is not used on small denominations. In addition, the fabric of the coin is different from that normal for AE (e.g. the edge is not bevelled).
1 commentsokidoki
Akarnania,_Leukas,_167-100_BC,_AR_Didrachm.jpg
Akarnania, Leukas, 87 BC, AR Didrachm47 viewsCult statue of the goddess Aphrodite Aeneias with stag standing right, holding aplustre, bird on standard behind; all within a laurel wreath.
ΛΕΥΚΑΔΙΩΝ ΦΙΛΑΝΔΡΟΣ (Leukadion Philandros) above prow of galley right.

de Callataÿ Didrachms of Leukas 195-212 dies O31/R2; BCD Akarnania 313-314; BMC 180, 101-103; Postolokas, Lambros 67, 688 var.

(23 mm, 7.90 g, 11h)
Forestier & Lambert.

Based on the study of de Callataÿ, Didrachms of Leukas, this coin was struck in the summer and autumn of 87 BC as a contribution to Sulla’s campaign against Mithrades Eupator. De Callataÿ connected it with the encampment of Sulla’s troops at Leukas that year and argued that the coinage is a pseudo-civic Greek coinage issued by and for for the Romans. This is reflected in the reverse iconography where the galley prow is distinctively Roman, identifieable as such by the wolf head on the prow, above the ram, a decorative element unknown on Greek vessels.

This coin was struck when the Hellenistic age was in advanced decline, succumbing to the expansionary drive of Rome. The coins of this issue were often struck from relatively crude dies in an advanced state of wear. Yet they retain a charm and aesthetic that in some sense seems to speak of the last gasps of a dying Hellenistic age. The obverse image is thought to depict the cult statue of Aphrodite Aeneias, whose sanctuary was situated near the town of Leukas, overlooking the shipping canal that separated the island from the mainland.
2 commentsn.igma
Sicily_Akragas_SNG-ANS3_934_gf.jpg
Akragas19 viewsAkragas. Early issue of 500-495 BC. AR Stater, Didrachm (8.69 gm). Eagle l., wings folded, AKRA above. / Crab. VF. SNG ANS 3 #923-929 (#927 same dies); SNG Cop 1 #24-26; SNG Lloyd 789-790; HGC 2 #93; Jenkins Gela Group IIc; Dewing 551.
1 commentsAnaximander
Akragas.jpg
Akragas - AR didrachm6 views480 - 470 BC
sea eagle
AK / AЯ
crab
Jenkins, Gela, Group IV; SNG ANS 954-5.
ex Dr. Ernst von Ferrari-Kellerhof
ex Lanz
Johny SYSEL
25643q00.jpg
Alexander III The Great, Macedonian Kingdom, 336 - 323 B.C., Ancient Counterfeit45 viewsFouree silver plated didrachm, cf. Price 3603 (official, Babylon mint, 325 -323 B.C., very rare), F, plating breaks, 4.936g, 17.2mm, 270o, obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse ALEXAND[POY], Zeus seated left, legs uncrossed, holding eagle and scepter; M in left field, monogram below throneCaffaro
untitled2_copy.png
Alpha Bank14 viewsThis is an exact copy of a didrachm from the Alpha Bank numismatic collection.The rendering of figures en face on ancient coins is rare.The horse on the reverse is connected with the glorious Thessalian cavalry,which was praised by the ancient authors as the best in Greece.Grant H
DSC_1801.JPG
Ancients: CARIAN ISLANDS. Rhodes. Ca. 250-200 BC. AR didrachm (20mm, 12h)12 viewsCARIAN ISLANDS. Rhodes. Ca. 250-200 BC. AR didrachm (20mm, 12h). NGC Choice XF. Timotheus, magistrate. Radiate head of Helios facing, turned slightly right, hair parted in center and swept to either side / ΤΙΜΟΘΕΟΣ, rose with single bud on tendril to right; herm left to left, P-O flanking stem, dotted border, all in incuse circle. HGC 6, 1439. Ashton 209.1 commentsMark R1
189.jpg
Anonymous AR Didrachm (Quadrigatus) - Janiform head and Jupiter in Quadriga (Crawf. 30/1)82 viewsAR Didrachm (Quadrigatus)
Uncertain mint, 225-214 BC
6.57g, 22mm

Obv: Laureate head of youthful Janus or Dioscuri

Rev: Jupiter holding sceptre and brandishing thunderbolt, in quadriga driven to right by Victory; ROMA incuse on raised tablet below.

Crawford 30/1; RSC 23; Sydenham 64b

Roma Numismatics Auction XVI, 498
From a private Swiss collection, outside of Italy prior to January 2011.
7 commentsKained but Able
0084.jpg
Anonymous Didrachm / Quadrigatus44 viewsAnonymous. Silver Didrachm (6.80g, 22.5mm), ca. 225-214 BC. Uncertain mint.

RRC 28/3 or similar (Is there any resource to further discuss the anonymous quadrigati?)

O: Laureate head of Janus (Dioscuri?), two annulets atop head.
R: ROMA incuse on solid tablet in exergue, Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter, in galloping quadriga right driven by Victory.

ex Asta del Titano M3, lot#91
4 commentsNorbert
AnDid.jpg
Anonymous Didrachm / Quadrigatus **SOLD**131 viewsAnonymous. Silver Didrachm (6.80g, 22.5mm), ca. 225-214 BC. Uncertain mint.

O: Laureate head of Janus (Dioscuri?), two annulets atop head.
R: ROMA incuse on solid tablet in exergue, Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter, in galloping quadriga right driven by Victory.

- ex Dr. Busso Peus Nachf., Crawford ?

"Silver Quadrigatus Roman coinage was fortified during the Second Punic War. In addition to gold coins, the Romans issued copper and silver coins, sometimes in enormous quantities. The principal silver coin of the war was a reduced-weight didrachm called a "quadrigatus" after its reverse design, a four-horse chariot (quadriga) bearing Victory and Jupiter. There are many varieties of quadrigati, as revealed by differences in die engraving, metal purity and production standards, not to mention subtle variations of the main design. This suggests that several mints issued quadrigati at different times, and under quite different circumstances. The double-head on the obverse usually is described as the god Janus because of its distinctive form, but the faces are of young men, and it more likely represents the Dioscuri, the gods Castor and Pollux, who were credited with saving Rome at the Battle of Lake Regillus nearly three centuries before." - David Vagi
3 commentsNemonater
Quadrigatus.jpg
ANONYMOUS issue AR silver quadrigatus. Janiform head, Jupiter in quadriga141 viewsRoman Republic AR silver quadrigatus (didrachm). Struck 225-212 BC. Laureate, Janiform head facing left/right. Reverse - Jupiter holding scepter and hurling thunderbolt in chariot driven by Victory; ROMA incuse on square tablet. Crawford 28/3, RCV 32. 22mm, 6.3g. Scarce.

Edge crack and some isolated corrosion, otherwise nicely toned and quite attractive.

Ex Incitatus Coins
4 commentsPhiloromaos
ANONYMOUS_ROMAN_REPUBLICAN_3.jpg
ANONYMOUS ROMAN REPUBLIC AR Didrachm28 viewsOBVERSE: Helmeted head of Mars left, oak-sprig behind
REVERSE: ROMANO on tablet below head of bridled horse right, ear of wheat behind
Struck at Metapontum, 280-276 BC
19 mm, 6.55g
Cr13/1, Syd 1
1 commentsLegatus
1420_Antoninus_Pius_Caesarea2.jpg
Antoninus Pius - Caesarea Cappadocia4 viewsAR Didrachm
139 AD
laureate head right
ANTΩNEINOC__CEBACTOC
Mount Argaeus, statue of Helios on top, holding globe and scepter, star below
YΠAT B ΠAT ΠATP
Sydenham 301c var. (reverse legend); Metcalf 124b
Johny SYSEL
Antoninus_Pius_Didrachm_Caesarea.JPG
Antoninus Pius Didrachm Caesarea40 viewsAntoninus Pius, Silver Didrachm, Caesarea (Capadoccia) 138 - 161 AD, Struck 139 AD, 5.2g, Metcalf 124, Sydenham 301,
OBV: AYTOKP ANTWNEI-NOC CEBACTOC, Laureated bust of Antonius Pius right
REV: YPAT B PAT PATR, Mount Argaeus surmounted by Helios holding globe and scepter
Romanorvm
AntonPiusCaesaria.JPG
Antoninus Pius Didrachm, Caesaria, Cappadocia, 139 AD85 viewsANTWNEINOC CEBACTOC
Laureate bust, right
YPAT B PAT PATR
Mt. Argaeus with nude figure of Helios at summit holding scepter and globe
Ex. star
Sydenham, Caesarea 301c var.; Metcalf, Caesarea 124b.
5.51 g
1 commentswhitetd49
Antonius_Pius_4_opt.jpg
Antonius Pius AR Didrachm Syd 301c var, Mt. Argaeus48 viewsOBV: ANTWNEI-NOC CEBACTOC, laureate head right
REV: YPAT B PAT PATR, Helios, holding globe and sceptre, standing atop Mt. Argaeus; * in exergue


Minted at Caesaria, Cappadocia, 139 AD
Legatus
Akarnania,_Leukas,_167-100_BC,_AR_Didrachm.jpg
Aphrodite Aeneias 166 viewsAkarnania, Leukas, 167-100 BC, AR Didrachm
Cult statue of the goddess Aphrodite Aeneias with stag standing right, holding aplustre, bird on standard behind; all within a laurel wreath. / ΛΕΥΚΑΔΙΩΝ ΦΙΛΑΝΔΡΟΣ (Leukadion Philandros) above prow of galley right.
BCD Akarnania 313-314; BMC 180, 101-103; Postolokas, Lambros 67, 688 var.
(23 mm, 7.90 g, 11h)

This coin was issued as the Hellenistic age was in decline, succumbing to the expansionary drive of Rome. The coins of this issue were often struck from relatively crude dies in an advanced state of wear. Yet they retain a charm and aesthetic that in some sense seems to speak of the last gasps of a dying Hellenistic age. The obverse image is thought to depict the cult statue of Aphrodite Aeneias, whose sanctuary was situated near the town of Leukas, overlooking the shipping canal that separated the island from the mainland.
Lloyd T
pixo.jpg
Apollo / Zeus Labraundos, Pixodaros Didrachm485 views340-334 BC. AR Didrachm (21mm, 6.98 g). Laureate head of Apollo, facing slightly right / Zeus Labraundos standing right, holding double axe (labrys) and lotus-tipped sceptre.5 commentsember
Marcus_Aurelius_1.jpg
Asia Minor, Cappadocia, Caesarea, Marcus Aurelius23 viewsMarcus Aurelius
CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea
AR didrachm
Obv.: AYTOKP ANTωNEINOC CEB, laureate head of Marcus Aurelius right
Rev.: ΥΠΑTOC Γ, Mt. Argaeus, star above
Ar, 19,7mm, 6.6g
Ref.: Metcalf 130b. Sydenham 328
1 commentsshanxi
1475_Bactria_didrachm.jpg
Baktria - AR didrachm16 viewsuncertain mint in Oxus region
295/3-285/3 BC
head of Athena right, wearing earring, necklace and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and spiral palmette on the bowl wire necklace, round earring
monogram
owl standing right, grape bunch over tail; prow above
AΘE
Roma XIV, 331; Bopearachchi, Sophytes Series 1A; SNG ANS 6; N&A 43-45
ex Roma

From the 1960s Andragoras-Sophytes Group, present in Germany in 1975, subsequently exported to the USA.
Johny SYSEL
Baktria_Agathokles_SNGANS9-236_bg.jpg
Baktria, Agathokles2 viewsAgathokles. 185-170 BC. CU-NI Didrachm (8.08 gm). Draped bust of young Dionysos r., wreathed w/ ivy, thysos at shoulder. / ΒΑΣΙΛEYONTOΣ ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΟΣ. Panther standing r., paw raised to touch vine. Monogram to l. VF. CNG EA99 #56. Dark toning. Bopearachchi Série 5B; HGC 12 #94; MIG 1 Type 147a; Sear Greek 7557; SNG ANS 9 #236-237; SNG Cop 7 #266.Anaximander
Baktria_Agathokles_SNGANS9-237_bg.jpg
Baktria, Agathokles1 viewsAgathokles. 171-160 BC. CU-NI Didrachm (7.92 gm) of Baktra. Draped bust of young Dionysos r., wreathed w/ ivy, thysos at shoulder. / Panther standing r., paw raised to touch vine. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΟΝΤΟΣ-ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΟΣ, Monogram to l. aVF. Bopearachchi Série 5; HGC 12 #94; Sear Greek 7557; SNG ANS 9 #236-237; SNG Cop 7 #266. Anaximander
Baktria_Pantaleon_SNGANS9-262_bg.jpg
Baktria, Pantaleon2 viewsPantaleon. 185-180 BC. Cu-Ni Didrachm (7.91 gm) of Baktra. Draped bust of young Dionysios r., wreathed w/ ivy, thysos at shoulder. / Panther standing r., paw raised to touch vine. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΠΑΝΤΑΛΕΟΝΤΟΣ (traces of same legend below) Monogram to l. nVF.  Boperachchi Série 4B #1; HGC 12 #103; MIG 1 Type 160; Sear Greek 7563. cf SNG ANS 9 #262 (ΦΙ monogram).Anaximander
Baktria_Sophytes_SNGANS9-4_bg.jpg
Baktria. Sophytes. AR Didrachm8 viewsBaktria. Sophytes. 295/3-285/3 BC. AR Didrachm (18mm, 7.91 gm) of the Oxus region. Helmeted head of Athena r.; monogram to l. / Owl standing r., head facing; to upper l., prow of galley r. above grape bunch. ΑΘΕ. VF. CNG EA 459 #398. Nomisma Coll. SNG ANS 9 #4; HGC 12 #3; SMAK pp. 64-70; cf. Nicolet-Pierre & Amandry 47/48 (for obv./rev. dies); cf. Bopearachchi Sophytes Group 1A and pl. I, 8 (tetradrachm).
3 commentsAnaximander
00017Q00.JPG
Bruttium, The Brettii (Circa 211-208 BC)28 viewsÆ Double Unit (Didrachm)

26 mm, 16.19 g

Obverse: Head of Ares left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with griffin

Reverse: BRET-TIWN, Hera Hoplosima (or Athena) advancing right, holding spear and shield; racing torch right.

Scheu 72; SNG ANS 82; HN Italy 1987

The Brettii were an indigenous Italian people who emerged in southern Italy in the mid-fourth century BC. Ancient authors describe them as a group of revolted slaves and miscellaneous fugitives who came together after seeking refuge in the rugged mountains of the area. Nonetheless, it is more likely that most of these people were native Oenotrians or Pelasgians who had escaped from domination by the Greek cities and other native groups to the north. By the mid-third century BC, this disparate congregation of people, now known as the Brettii, had become the predominant power over most of Italy south of the river Laos, including the important mints of Consentia, Medma, Hipponium, Terina, and Thurium (Diod. XVI.15; Strabo VI). Their rising power, however, was eventually checked by the expansion of Roman authority in their region. In the 280s BC, they united with their neighbors, the Lucanians, against Rome, an adventure that proved inconclusive. Soon thereafter, they aided Pyrrhos in his war against Rome, an unsuccessful endeavor that resulted in the Romans carrying on the conflict against the Brettians after defeating the Epiran leader. The Brettians submitted to the Romans, but in the face of Hannibal's successes against Rome, they again allied themselves with Rome's enemy during the Second Punic War (Livy XXII. 61). In this conflict, the Brettians were completely invested in the alliance with Carthage, such that the entire region of Bruttium became a veritable Punic fortress, and it was during this war that the entire series of Brettian coinage was struck. Once again, though, the Brettii had supported the losing side, and this time the Romans were determined to squash any further ability of the Brettians to threaten them. In the aftermath of Hannibal's defeat, the Romans subjugated Bruttium through annual military deployments and the establishment of three colonies, at Tempsa, Kroton, and Vibo Valentia (Livy XXXIV. 45 and XXXV. 40). Unlike other Italian populations that had been conquered by the Romans, the Brettii were also not admitted as Roman allies and could not serve in the Roman military (Appian, Annib. 61). Little is known of the Brettii thereafter.
1 commentsNathan P
HN_Italy-1975.jpg
Bruttium, the Brettii: Anonymous (ca. 214-211 BCE) Æ Double – Didrachm (Scheu, Bronze 1; HN Italy 1975)51 viewsObv: Helmeted head of Ares left; two pellets to right, grain ear below
Rev: Nike standing left, erecting trophy; cornucopia between


2 commentsQuant.Geek
wg3TYdZ8z5JrWRj62p7QHN9sf7Bm4Z.jpg
Bruttium. The Bretti. . Ae double didrachm... 208-203 B.C..23 viewsObverse: Helmeted head of Ares left.

Reverse: Athena advancing right holding spear and shield, lyre in right field.

Weight: 14.32 grams.

Diameter: 25.47 mm.
3 commentsMark R1
BrettianShield.jpg
Bruttium; the Bretti118 viewsAE Didrachm or reduced Sextans

Head of Ares left; wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with griffin; thunderbolt below

BPETTIΩN
Hera Hoplosmia (or Athena) advancing right, holding spear and shield; at feet

Bruttium Circa 211-203 BC

16.39g; 29mm

HN Italy ? depends on mark off flan

A nice big heavy coin minted by the last loyal hold outs against Rome in support of Hannibal.
7 commentsJay GT4
Brettiantrophy.jpg
Bruttium; Æ Didrachm61 viewsHead of Ares left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with a griffin; grain ear below.

ΒΡΕΤΤΙΩΝ
Nike standing left, placing wreath on trophy to left and cradling palm in her left arm; caduceus between.

Bruttium, 214-211 BC

11.72g

SNG ANS 34. HN Italy 1975; Scheu 6

Rare with caduceus


Ex-Artemide Kunstauktionen e-Live auction 7 lot 48
3 commentsJay GT4
mycollage(1).jpg
Bull charging right, tunny-fish below. AR nomos Lucania, Thourioi174 viewsLucania, Thourioi
Silver didrachm. 385-360 B.C.
21.2mm, 7.00g

O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla holding trident
R: Bull charging right, ΘΟΥΡΙΩΝ above, tunny-fish right in exergue.
thomas s7
C_Papirius_Karbo.jpg
C. Papirius Carbo25 viewsC. Papirius Carbo, Proconsul. 62-59 BC26 Bithynia, Nikomedia. Æ 25mm. Dated year 223 = 60 BC. Nicaea. Obv.: NIKAIEΩN left, wreathed head of Dionysos right; date ΔKΣ (224) below, monogram before. Rev.: ΕΠΙ ΓΑΙΟΥ right, ΠΑΠΙΡΙΟΥ ΚΑΡΒΩΝΟΣ left, ΡΩΜΗ in exergue, Roma seated left on pile of shields, holding Nike in right hand, spear in left; M behind Roma. SNG Copenhagen 466; BMC Pontus pg. 152, 3; SNG von Aulock 532. BMC 2; SNG von Aulock 531; RecGen 5; SNG Cop 465; SNG Righetti 630-631; Sear GIC 3791.
Cast white metal
Sold on eBay as a fake. "Ancient Greek silver didrachm"
Said to be from an old Canadian collection.
ddwau
Trajan_Caesarea_Didrachm1.jpg
Caesarea Didrachm39 viewsClub on rev.
21mm, 7.00g
Syd 214, Metcalf 63 b
1 commentsklausklage
48.jpg
Caesarea, Cappadocia - Caracalla - AR Drachm, ex CNG37 viewsRoman Empire
Caracalla
Silver Drachm of Caesarea, Cappadocia
Struck year 17 (208 - 209 AD)

(Titles in Greek.)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Mount Argaeus surmounted by star; crescent moon in left field. Regnal Year in exergue.

ex CNG
Weight: 3.15 grams
Reference: Syderham 476c
-
--
-
**Notes: One of the photos of this coin is being used as the example of the specific type on wildwinds.com.**
rexesq
47.jpg
Caesarea, Cappadocia - Caracalla - AR Drachm, ex CNG26 viewsRoman Empire
Caracalla
Silver Drachm of Caesarea, Cappadocia
Struck year 17 (208 - 209 AD)

(Titles in Greek.)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Mount Argaeus surmounted by star; crescent moon in left field. Regnal Year in exergue.

ex CNG
Weight: 3.15 grams
Reference: Syderham 476c
-
--
-
**Notes: One of the photos of this coin is being used as the example of the specific type on wildwinds.com.**
rexesq
caracalla_AR-drachm_ex-CNG_01_95%-obv.JPG
Caesarea, Cappadocia - Caracalla - AR Drachm.37 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Caracalla Silver Drachm of Caesarea, Cappadocia
Struck year 17 (208 - 209 AD)
Titles in Greek.

obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Mount Argaeus surmounted by star; crescent in left field.

ex CNG
Weight: 3.15 grams
Reference: Syderham 476c
3 commentsrexesq
caesarea_gordian-III_didrachm_4_7gr_o-r.jpg
Caesarea, Cappadocia - z - Gordian III - AR Didrachm14 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Gordian III ( 238 - 244 AD )
Silver Didrachm of Caesarea, Cappadocia.
Regnal Year: 5 = 243 AD.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from Behind.
rev: Mount Argaeus. Regnal Year below.

Weight: 4.7 Grams - Slight edge damage.
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~ RARE ~
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rexesq
ant_pius_didrachm.jpg
Caesareia, Cappadocia; AR Didrachm, Pietas with altar and box11 viewsAntoninus Pius, Caesareia, Cappadocia; AR Didrachm, 6.02g. Obv: AYTOK[P] ANTWNEINOC - CEBACTOC Bust laureate r., fold of cloak on front shoulder. Rev: EYCE - BEIA Pietas, not veiled, standing l., raising r. hand over lighted altar and holding open box in l. hand. Rome-mint style. Metcalf-116e, bust var. of Syd-292. Ex H.J.Berk1 commentsPodiceps
Trajan_club.jpg
Caesaria, Cappadocia. AR Didrachm; Club of Herakles7 viewsTrajan, Caesaria, Cappadocia. AR Didrachm 20mm, 6.4g; AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANO CEB ΓΕΠΜ ΔΑΚ, laureate head right / ΔΗΜΑΡΧ ΕΞ ΥΠΑΤΟ Y, club of Hercules. Sydenham 214.Podiceps
Calabria.jpg
Calabria Nomos92 viewsAR Nomos
Helmeted warrior on horse left, holding shield ornamented with eight-rayed star & two spears behind him

Dionysiac Taras astride dolphin left, holding distaff & grape-bunch

Calabria, Tarentum
ca 281-272 BC

5.58g

Vlasto 789 (SNG ANS 1133)
Ex-Calgary coins

SOLD!
4 commentsJay GT4
BeFunky-collage_(9).jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Didrachm circa 281-272 BC 21mm 6.47 g Vlasto 73639 viewsNaked boy on horse walking left,being recived by a naked male figure standing left,crowning the horse API-ETI-N in three lines beneath the horse,in field to right,monogram.Rev Taras on dolphin right holding bow and arrows,beneath elephant.1 commentsGrant H
Untitled_collage_(3).jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Didrachm circa 344-340 BC 22 viewsDifferent reverse dies share same obverse die Fischer-Bossert group 48,680 R527-R528Grant H
Untitled_collage_(2).jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Didrachm circa 344-340 BC 20 viewssame obverse die Fischer-Bossert group 48,680 V259Grant H
aK7Z3pSjN4FxyK6nm2rJHG9oi5DTWX.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Didrachm circa 344-340 BC 22mm 7.18g 5h 67 viewsHelmeted warrior standing facing,head right,holding spear and shield,behind horse standing right,before horses forelegs l.Rev TAPAE Phalanthos riding dolphin left,holding trident and shield,below A and waves.
ex Hanbery .
ex Frank Kovacs 1990
2 commentsGrant H
FotorCreated~95.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Didrachm circa 473-460 BC 7.52 g 47 viewsOecist seated left holding distaff and scepter.Rev Taras on dolphin right with extenden arms,shell below.
EX Superior 5-30-95 lot 7023.
EX Lewis Egnew.ex Numismatic Fine Arts 10-18-1990 The Lawrence M.Cutler collection,lot 8
1 commentsGrant H
FotorCreated~15.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Didrachm circa 500-473 BC 20mm 7.68g 6h 31 viewsTaras retrograde,Taras riding dolphin right with cuttle fish in right hand,left hand extended.Rev Taras retrograde, hippocamp flying right,cockel shell below.Grant H
Vlasto-947.jpg
Calabria, Taras15 viewsCalabria, Taras; 235-228, Didrachm, 6.44g. Vlasto-947, (Same obverse die).
Obv: Naked rider on a horse with spear galloping right, Rx: Taras on dolphin left, holding kantharos.area of flat strike and light corrosion. VF
Leo
TarasCalabria.jpg
Calabria, Taras Didrachm127 viewsNaked youth galloping right on horseback left, crowning horse with right hand, monogram ΣY in field behind youth and ΛΥK INOΣ below horse

Taras seated on dolphin left, holding chalmys and thrusting trident in right hand, owl behind TAPAS in Exergue

Calabria 272-235 BC

6.62g

Vlasto 836

Ex-Pars Coins
Ex-Calgary Coins
4 commentsJay GT4
Taras_didrachm.jpg
Calabria, Taras didrachm78 viewsHorseman riding left, holding shield and bridle.

Taras seated on dolphin left TAPAΣ beneath.

Tarentum, Calabria 390-385 BC

7.40g

Scarce

Vlasto 384, Period III, 380-345 BC (Age of Archytas); ; Fischer-Bossert 428, gives date of 390-380 and corresponds to SNG ANS 901.

Ex-Calgary Coin; Ex-Alberta Coin;

Tarentum, the only Spartan colony ever to be established, was founded in 706 BC by the Partheniae - Spartan children born to unmarried women as a product of Spartan desperation to ensure the survival and continuation of their demographic during the bloody Messenian wars, who were later disowned and expelled by the state - and Perioeci (subjects, but not citizens of Sparta), under the leadership of the Parthenian Phalanthos. According to legend, Phalanthos consulted the oracle at Delphi, and was told that he should found his new city 'where rain fell from a clear sky'. After much searching, and despairing of finding a suitable location for a city, Phalanthos was consoled by his wife Aethra who laid his head in her lap, and as her tears splashed upon his forehead he understood the oracle's words for his wife's name itself meant 'clear sky', and thus he determined to make the nearby harbour the site of their new home, which they named after Taras, the son of Poseidon and the nymph Satyrion.
4 commentsJay GT4
Taras~0.jpg
Calabria, Taras Didrachm 272-235 BC154 viewsYouth on horse standing left with monogram N below, holding wreath above its head.

Taras holding Nike & trident, on dolphin left, TAPAΣ to right API-ΣTO below.

Calabria, Taras
250 BC

21 mm, 6.7gm

Ref: SNG-Cop-923, Vlasto 873v

Ex-Imperator Coins

New photo!
3 commentsJay GT4
calabria2res.jpg
CALABRIA, TARENTUM73 views315 - 302 BC
AR DIDRACHM (NOMOS) 22 mm 7.84 g
O: Naked horseman galloping with lance and shield, SA beneath
R: TARAS Taras, with trident, riding dolphin; small dolphin below
Calabria, Tarentum
VLASTO 625
3 commentslaney
CALABRIA_RES_BLK_Ccr.jpg
CALABRIA, TARENTUM58 views315 - 302 BC
AR DIDRACHM (NOMOS) 22 mm 7.84 g
O: Naked horseman galloping with lance and shield, SA beneath
R: TARAS Taras, with trident, riding dolphin; small dolphin below
Calabria, Tarentum
VLASTO 625
2 commentslaney
nomos_k.jpg
CALABRIA, Tarentum23 viewsAR didrachm or nomos, 20mm, 8.0g, 6h; c. 302-290 BC.
Obv.: Nude, helmeted warrior on horseback right, holding shield and two spears, thrusting spear downward; ΔAI below.
Rev.: Taras riding dolphin left, holding shield decorated with hippocamp and trident; ΦI to right, murex shell below, [TAPAΣ] to right.
Reference: Vlasto 594, SNG ANS 990, HN Italy 935 / 16-410-375
2 commentsJohn Anthony
Dolphindidrachm.jpg
Calabria, Tarentum80 viewsPunic occupation half shekel

Nude youth on horseback to left, crowning horse with wreath; IΩ to right, ΣΩΓENHΣ below

Taras astride dolphin to left, holding cornucopiae and Nike who crowns him with wreath; TAPAΣ below.

Calabria, Tarentum ; Punic occupation, circa 212-209 BC

AR Reduced didrachm or Half-Shekel.

2.69g chipped otherwise VF+

Vlasto 975-7; HN Italy 1079.

Ex-ANE

Rare!

The climax of the Carthaginian invasion of Italy was reached when Tarentum changed sides in 212 BC. The takeover of the city was a carefully planned coup by Hannibal and members of the city's democratic faction who opened the gates to Hannibal's army. The Carthaginians failed to take the citadel, but subsequent fortifications around this enemy stronghold enabled the city to remain under Punic control. Hannibal installed his own magistrates and struck coinage based on the Punic half shekel standard.
8 commentsJay GT4
01004AB.jpg
CALABRIA, TARENTUM, 302-280 BC86 viewsDidrachm, 22mm, 7.86g

O. Jockey on horse sprinting r.
R. Taras std on dolphin l, holding distaff & kantharos

Alexan Magistrate

Vlasto 697

Ex Washington Numismatic Gallery
5 commentsAZRobbo
Calabria,_Tarentum,_AR_Nomos_-_Spink___Sons_Ltd.jpg
Calabria, Tarentum, 334-330 BC, AR Didrachm 65 viewsNaked horseman crowning himself on stationary horse right, small ΣA and large Ionic capital beneath.
Taras holding sea snake and whip astride dolphin facing left, KO in lower right.

Fischer-Bossert group 75, 960-973; HN Italy 941-942; SNG ANS 1026; Vlasto 654-8; Evans V, E1 and McGill II, 57-58.

(20 mm, 12h).
Spink & Son Ltd, July 1988.
4 commentsn.igma
Calabria_Tarentum_SNG-ANS990.jpg
Calabria, Tarentum.13 viewsCalabria, Tarentum. 332-302 BC. AR Didrachm (7.63 gm). Helmeted horseman as armed ephebus r., raising spear, with two spears & shield behind. ΔAΙ below. / Taras or Phalanthos riding dolphin l. w/ trident & shield decorated with hippocamp, TAPAΣ to r., ΦΙ to l., murex shell below. nVF. Bt. Gables Coin, 1998. SNG ANS 990-993; Fischer-Bossert group 77, 1035; HN Italy 935; HGC 1 801; SNG Cop 845-846; SNG France 1820-3; Vlasto 594-596.Christian T
Calabria_Tarentum_SNG-ANS988.jpg
Calabria, Tarentum.36 viewsCalabria, Tarentum. 334-330 BC. AR Didrachm (7.78 gm). Helmeted horseman advancing r. with spear, holding shield and two spears; below magistrate ΦIΛI (Phili c. 290-281). / Taras (Phalanthos) on dolphin l., holding distaff and dolphin; ΦI to l. , ivy-leaf & TAPAΣ to r. , waves below. EF. Pegasi 121 #40. Ex Vlasto coll. SNG ANS 988-989 (same obverse die); Vlasto 589; HN Italy 934 (2); HGC 1 800; SNG Cop 842; Fischer-Bossert 1090.1 commentsChristian T
Vlasto_497.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Circa 380-340 BC, Nomos14 viewsA very rare didrachm or nomos from Tarentum
Silver, 21 mm, 7.73 g, 1 h
Nude warrior, holding bridles with his right hand and carrying small round shield with his left, about to dismount from horse to left; below horse, Λ; all within circle of waves. Rev. TAPAΣ Youthful oikist, nude, riding dolphin to left, holding trident in his right hand and placing his left on the tail of the dolphin; all within circle of waves.
Fischer-Bossert 629. HN Italy 885. Vlasto 497.
Very rare. An unusual issue of splendid style. Very fine.
Leo
Taras_Stater.jpg
Calabria. Tarentum. Ar Didrachm. C. 272-240 BC. SCARCE. 78 viewsObv; Nude youth on horseback.
Rev; Taras astride dolphin; owl behind.
SNG Ans 1165ff.
Good silver and surfaces.
6.53g.
19mm.

Ex Den of Antiquity
4 commentsPhiloromaos
Hyria.jpg
Campania, Hyrianoi. (Circa 405-400 BC)37 viewsFourrée Nomos (20.5mm, 6.33 g)

Obverse: Head of Athena wearing crested helmet decorated with olive-wreath and owl.

Reverse: Man-faced bull standing r. on exergual line, YDINA (retrograde) above. YDINA is in Oscan script and means "Urina", another name for Hyria.

For prototype, cf. HN Italy 539.

The city, named both Nola (new city) and Hyria (which Nola likely arose from), was situated in the midst of the plain lying to the east of Mount Vesuvius, 21 miles south of Capua. While Neapolis was the focus of minting in this general area, Neapolitan designs were adopted by several new series of coins, some of them bearing legends in Oscan script referring to communities that are otherwise unknown (such as the Hyrianoi). Complex die linking between these different series indicate, at the very least, close cooperation in minting. Didrachms sharing motives (Athena/man headed bull), but with legends referring to different issuing communities on the reverse, testify to the integration into a common material culture in Campania in the late fifth to early fourth century. The die sharing and use of legends in Oscan script allow for an interpretation of these issues as indigenous coinages struck in the Campanian mileu.

The influence of Athens on Hyria can be seen not only in the great number of Greek vases and other articles discovered at the old city but by the adoption of the head of Pallas with the Athenian owl as their obverse type.

This particular coin is an ancient forgery, which were quite common in Magna Graecia and typically of much higher quality than fourrees produced elsewhere. In ON THE FORGERIES OF PUBLIC MONEY [J. Y. Akerman
The Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Numismatic Society, Vol. 6 (APRIL, 1843–JANUARY, 1844), pp. 57-82] it is noted that ancient forgeries tend "to be most abundantly found to belong to the most luxurious, populous, and wealthy cities of Magna Graecia...Nor is it surprising that the luxury and vice of those celebrated cities should have led to crime; and among crimes, to the forging of money, as furnishing the means for the more easy gratification of those sensual indulgences, which were universally enjoyed by the rich in those dissipated and wealthy cities. Many of the coins of the places in question having been originally very thickly coated, or cased with silver (called by the French, fourrees), pass even now among collectors without suspicion."
1 commentsNathan P
3NeapolisDidrachm.jpg
CAMPANIA, Neapolis22 viewsCAMPANIA, Neapolis. Circa 300-275 BC. AR Nomos (19mm, 7.11 g, 3h). Diademed head of nymph right; X behind / Achelous Sebethos as a man-headed bull walking right; above, Nike flying right, placing wreath on bull's head; EΥΞ below. Sambon 477; HN Italy 579; SNG ANS 372 (same dies). Near VF, toned. Ex. CNG 84, Lot. 52. From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection1 commentsMolinari
Neapolis_1.jpg
Campania, Neapolis25 viewsNeapolis
Didrachm
Obv.: Head of Nymph Parthenope, wearing broad headband, earring and necklace, ΣTA below, behind, bunch of grapes.
Rev.: Man-headed bull walking r., crowned by Nike, K below, in exergue, NEOPOLIT[HS].
Ref.: SNG ANS 354
Ex-CNG
shanxi
neapolis_mfb_k.jpg
Campania, Neapolis19 viewsSilver didrachm, 7.3g, 20mm, 9h; c. 350-325 BC.
Obv.: Head of nymph Parthenope right, wearing headband, pendant earring, and pearl necklace.
Rev.: Man-faced bull walking right, head facing, above Nike flying right to crown him // [NΕΟΠΟΛΙΤΗΣ]
Reference: SNG ANS 296-298. SNG Lockett 79. HN Italy 565 / 17-100-225
1 commentsJohn Anthony
MFBNeapolis.jpg
Campania, Neapolis Didrachm87 viewsHead of Parthenope left, wearing earing and beaded necklace. Tripod to right.

Man-headed bull standing right being crowned by winged nymph/victory; IΣ between legs NEOΠOΛITΩN in exergue

Neapolis, Campania
300-241 BC
7.21g

Sambon 517; Glasgow 57; BMC 129

Very rare!

Ex-HJB ebay

Dark toning; a few remaining deposits. Much nicer in hand with almost black toning.

Thanks to Molinari's research this is one of 6 known examples. The others are found in BMC, 129, Dati web, Glasgow 57, Leningrad 1014, Torino RDC17508.
4 commentsJay GT4
Campania.jpg
CAMPANIA, NEAPOLIS AR Didrachm25 viewsOBVERSE: Head of nymph Parthenope right, wearing headband, pendant earring, and pearl necklace
REVERSE: Man-faced bull walking right, head facing, above Nike flying right to crown him // [NΕΟΠΟΛΙΤΗΣ]
Struck at Neapolis (Naples) 350-325 BC
7.3g, 20mm
SNG ANS 296-298. SNG Lockett 79. HN Italy 565
ex. JAZ Numismatics
1 commentsLegatus
Campania,_Neaopolis,_AR_Nomos_300-275_BC_-_CNG_167_Lot_0007.jpg
Campania, Neapolis, ca. 320-300 BC, AR Didrachm 22 viewsHead of the Siren Parthenope right, hair bound by band, wearing triple pendant earring and pearl necklace; pileos behind.
Man-faced bull standing right with head facing while being crowned by Nike flying right above; K below.

HN Italy 579.

(19 mm, 7.23 g, 10h).
Classical Numismatic Group e-Auction 167, 27 June 2007, 7; from the Charles Gillet collection, ex-Stacks, 15 November 1989, 90.
n.igma
Campania_Neapolis_SNG-ANS376.jpg
Campania, Neapolis.31 viewsCampania, Neapolis. 450-340 BC. AR Didrachm (7.29 gm). Head of nymph Parthenope r., hair bound with ampyx, wearing single-pendant earring, X behind. / Man-headed bull standing r., head facing, with Nike flying above, crowning bull, Θ below. [NEO]POΛITΩ[N] on raised exergal band. VF. SNG ANS 376; SNG Cop 436; ; Sambon 476; SNG München 223; cf HN Italy 579; CNG EA 288 #22.1 commentsChristian T
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Campania, Neapolis. (Circa 300 BC)20 viewsAR Didrachm

20 mm, 6.98 g

Obverse: Head of nymph r., wearing taenia, triple-pendant earring and necklace; four dolphins around (only the bottom two around the neck visible).

Reverse: Man-headed bull walking r., being crowned by Nike; ΘE below bull. [NE]OΠOΛI[TΩN] in exergue

Sambon 457; HNItaly 576; SNG ANS 336.

Neapolis was founded ca. 650 B.C. from Cumae (a nearby city and the first Greek colony on mainland Italy). Ancient tradition records that it had originally been named after the siren Parthenope, who had been washed ashore on the site after failing to capture Odysseus (Sil. Pun. 12.33-36). The early city, which was called Palae(o)polis, developed in the SW along the modern harbor area and included Pizzofalcone and Megaris (the Castel dell'Ovo), a small island in the harbor. Megaris itself may have been the site of a still older Rhodian trading colony (Strab. 14.2.10). Owing to the influx of Campanian immigrants, the town began to develop to the NE along a Hippodamian grid plan. This new extension was called Neapolis, while Palae(o)polis became a suburb. Incited to a war with Rome by the Greek elements, the city was captured in 326 B.C. by the proconsul Quintus Publilius Philo (Liv. 8.22.9), and the suburb ceased to exist. Neapolis then became a favored ally of the Romans; it repulsed Pyrrhos, contributed naval support during the First Punic War, and withstood the attacks of Hannibal.
Nathan P
caesarea_lucius_verus_Met716.jpg
Cappadocia, Caesarea, Lucius Verus Met. 716130 viewsLucius Verus AD 161-169
AR - Didrachm, 6.71g
struck AD 161-166 (as COS II)
obv. AYTOKR OYHROC CEBACTOC
bare head, r.
rev. YPA - TOS B
Agalma of Mt. Argaios, on summit man standing frontal with sceptre in l. hand (mountain god?)
Met. 716
Scarce, about EF, light toned

The Mount Argaios (Lat. Mons Argaeus) was the highest mountain in Asia Minor. Today it is Erciyes Dagi, 3916m and volcanic. This mountain was sacred since the time of the Hittits. Agalma is an item for decoration, a word, a sentence, but then too a cult statue, or a votive gift for the gods, then an idole.

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
4 commentsJochen
caesarea_marc_aurel_Sear1661.jpg
Cappadocia, Caesarea, Marcus Aurelius Sear 166153 viewsMarcus Aurelius AD 161-180
AR - didrachm, 6.77g, 20.93mm
obv. AVTOKR ANTWNEINOC CEB
bare head, r., typical curled hair
rev. VΠA - TOC Γ
Agalma of Mt. Argaeus, star above summit
Metcalf 130a; Sydenham 327; Sear GIC 1661 var.
scarce, VF, lightly toned
Jochen
IMG_0344.JPG
CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea-Eusebia. Marcus Aurelius14 viewsCAPPADOCIA, Caesarea-Eusebia. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. AR Didrachm (21mm, 6.15 g, 6h). Struck AD 161-166. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / Mt. Argaeus surmounted by star. Metcalf, Caesarea 130d; Sydenham, Caesarea 329.ecoli
Nerva.jpg
Cappadocia, Caesarea. Nerva82 views(Didrachm / AD 97)
Obv: AVTOKPAT NEPOYAC KAICAP CEBACTOC
Laureate head of Nerva right.
Rev: VΠATOY TPITOY
Club of Hercules.
2 commentsancientone
BMC_341_ff_238-244_Gordianus_III.jpg
Cappadocia_Caesarea_Gordianus_III_BMC 341 ff7 viewsGordianus III.
AR Didrachm, Cappadocia, Caesarea
Struck: 242 (Year 5) / 17-18 mm / 3,81 g

Av: AY KAI M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC
Laureate head right seen from behind

Rv: MHTPO KAI BNЄ
Mount Argaios, pellet in right field

In exergue: ЄΤЄ

Reference: BMC 341 ff
Andicz
greek12.jpg
Caria, Pixodaros Ar Didrachm31 views(340-334 BC)
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo three-quarters facing right.
Rev.: Zeus standing right, holding labrys and spear.
1 commentsMinos
Caria_Satraps_Pixodaros_SNGvAulock2375.jpg
Caria, Satraps. Pixodaros12 viewsPixodaros, Satraps. Pixodaros. 340-334 BC. AR Didrachm (7.01 gm). Laureate head of Apollo, 3/4 facing r. / Zeus Laubraundos stdg. r. holding labrys (double axe) & spear. [Π]ΙΞΩΔΑΡ[Ο]Υ EF.  ex-CNG. SNG Cop 596-597; SNG v Aulock 2375-2376. Christian T
greek16.jpg
Caria,Rhodes. AR didrachm30 viewsSNG Keckman 477 / 305-275 BC
obv: head of Helios facing slightly r.
rev: rose,bud to r., to l. thunderbolt.
1 commentshill132
Caria_Rhodes_SNG-Helsinki536_.jpg
Carian Islands, Rhodes9 viewsRhodes 250-230 BC. AR Didrachm (6.67 gm) Rhodian stdd.  Radiate head of Apollo Helios, 3/4 to r. / Rose upright in bloom, P-O flanking stem, bud to r., Phrygian helmet to l., and EΡAΣIKΛHΣ (magistrate Herasikles) above VF. 
HGC 6 #1439; Ashton, RN 1988 Colossus pl. 17 #54, 2001 Series 4 #207; SNG Helsinki 536; BMC Caria pg. 235, 47; SNG Cop 738; SNG von Aulock 2806
Christian T
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CARIAN ISLANDS, RHODES, 230-205 BC78 viewsDidrachm, 20mm, 6.75g

O. Radiate hd of Helios 3/4 facing r.
R. Rose with bud to right, MNAΣΙΜΑΧΟΥ; above, P-O flanking stem; to left, Athena Nikephoros standing left.

Karl 475, BMC 143, Ashton 208, SNG von Aulock 2807, SNG Copenhagen 765

Ex Washington Numismatic Gallery
3 commentsAZRobbo
IMG_0009_(800x399).jpg
Carian Satraps, Pixodaros, ca 341-336/583 viewsAR didrachm
Ob: Laureate Apollo, three quarters facing, right, himation fastened with brooch at neck
Rx: ΠIXΩΔAPOY; Zeus of Labraunda standing right, holding spear in left hand & double-bladed axe over right shoulder.
7.02g 21mm

SNG Keckman I, 280, Sammlung Karl 35-40

ex Pegasi Numismatics Auction XXII (20.04.2010) lot 167
5 commentsDino
pixodarus_didrachm.jpg
Carian Satraps, Pixodarus, 340-334 BC, didrachm81 views20mm, 7.01g
obv: laureate head of Apollo facing slightly right
rev: ΠIΧOΔAPOV; Zeus Labraundos standing right, holding labrys and lotus-tipped sceptre
2 commentsareich
comopro.jpg
Commodus (177 - 192 A.D.)61 viewsAR Didrachm
Caesaria, Cappadocia
O: AYT M AYP KOMO ANTωNI, laureate head right.
R: YΠATOC ∆ ΠAT ΠA-TPI, Mt. Argaeus surmounted by star.
Cos IV, struck 183-185 AD.
21mm
3.96g
Metcalf 155f; Sydenham 372a
3 commentsMat
Commodus_Caesaria_1.jpg
Commodus * Mt. Argaeus & Helios * Cappadocia, Caesarea * AR Didrachm156 views
Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus – 177-192 AD

Obv: Commodus, Laureate bust, right facing. Legend: AY M AYP KOMO ANT (omega)NEINOC CE
Rev: Mt. Argaeus, surmounted by Helios, holding globe in right hand, scepter in left hand. Legend: Y (Pi)ATOC (Gamma) (Pi)AT (Pi)AT

Exergue: (Blank)

Mint: Caesarea
Struck: COS III 181-182 AD.

Size: ca. 20 mm.
Weight: ca. 4.0 grams
Die axis: 0 degs.

Condition: Beautiful, clear, bright & very lustrous

Refs:*
Metcalf 146c
Sydenham 370a
SNG Copenhagen 250

5 commentsTiathena
Corinth_drachm.jpg
Corinth, Corinthia Drachm44 viewsAR Drachm
Size: 14 mm Weight: 2.41 grams Die axis: 6h

Corinth, Corinthia
350-300 BCE

Obverse: Pegasos with straight wings, flying to left, Q beneath.

Reverse: Head of Aphrodite to left, hair tied up elaborately, Δ behind neck.

Notes:
- A Corinthian drachm was practically the equivalent of an Aegiatic standard hemidrachm, as a stater was about equal to a didrachm.

Ex World Coins Japan, 2005
1 commentsPharsalos
620AA101combo.png
Cr 26/3 AE litra "Apollo/Horse" series7 viewsRome, c. 234-231 BCE
o: Laureate head of Apollo right
r: Bridled horse prancing left; below, ROMA
4.00 gm 15.50 mm
A slightly rough but overall decent example of this type, one of the early coins to bridge the currency gap with the Greek cities. Typically called the "Apollo/Horse" series based on the silver didrachm that has a larger and unbridled horse. (One can just make out the bridle passing under the horse's jaw and across the neck.) Crawford describes the denomination as a "litra", but other writers refer to it as a unit or merely a bronze.
PMah
13-1-1.jpg
Crawford 13/131 viewsDenomination: Didrachm
Era: c. 300-280 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of bearded Mars L. Behind, Oak Spray.
Reverse: Horse’s head R. on base. Behind, corn ear. ROMANO on base of horse’s head.
Weight: 6.45 gm
Reference: Crawford 13/1
Provenance: Kunker eLive Auction 50, 18-JUL-2018.
Ex. Fritz Rudolf Künker 34, Osnabrück 1996, No. 173.


Comments: Oak spray on obverse is very light and off flan, but in-hand, the spray is obviously there. There are five curious edge cuts (test cuts?) near each other at 10-11 o'clock obv. Rare dies. Some private discussion of the authenticity but 5 coins show up in ACSearch (after 1999) and other sources with the same obverse die. Two of these have a different reverse dies. The coin is light, but all examples are light(ish), with the heaviest being 7.12 g. and the lightest is my coin 6.45 g. The second lightest of the group is 6.51 g. I am convinced it is authentic.
3 commentsSteve B5
20-1-CNG-March2009-Blk.jpg
Crawford 20/1 - Hercules and Wolf and Twins30 viewsDenomination: Didrachm
Era: c. 269-266 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Head of Hercules R. Club and lionskin over shoulder. Border of dots.
Reverse: She-2olf r., suckling twins. ROMANO in exergue.
Weight: 7.21 gm
Reference: Crawford 20/1
Provenance: CNG shop, 09-MAR-2009

Comments: Obverse fully centered and complete. Reverse struck from a somewhat worn die, and slightly off-center obscuring the “O” in ROMONO. GVF/VF.
3 commentsSteve B5
c-25-1-Goldberg-69-lot3233.jpg
Crawford 25/1 Didrachm25 viewsDenomination: Didrachm
Era: c. 241-235 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of beardless Mars r. Helmet decorated with gryphon.
Reverse: Horse’s head r.; behind, sickle; below truncation, ROMA.
Weight: 6.57 gm.
Reference: Crawford 25/1
Provenance: Goldberg 69 lot 3233, 31-MAY-2012

Comments: Both sides centered, but slightly short flan leaves no trace of border on either side. Tiny obverse planchet void below chin; almost imperceptible fine cleaning marks below ROMA on reverse. Otherwise, strong VF.

2 commentsSteve B5
30-1.jpg
Crawford 30/1 Didrachm quadrigatus35 viewsDenomination: Didrachm
Era: c. 225-214 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Laureate, Janiform head of Dioscuri. Border of dots
Reverse: Jupitetr in quadriga r., driven by Vicotry. Jupiter holds scepter in l. hand and hurls thunderbolt with r. hand, ROMA incuse on raised tablet. Line border
Weight: 6.66 gm.
Reference: Crawford 30/1
Provenance: Private purchase from an associate of Matteo Cavedoni (Numismatica Florentina) 1-JUN-2007

Comments: This is Crawford’s 3rd sequence of quadrigati, distinguished by Victory standing on the tailboard of the chariot rather than in the chariot with Jupiter. Reverse slightly off-center, otherwise nicely toned and GVF.
2 commentsSteve B5
Cyenaica.jpg
Cyenaica, Cyrene101 viewsObverse: Apollo Carneios
Reverse: Silphium
Mint : Cyenaica, Cyrene
Date : 308-277 BC
Reference : BMC-234
Grade : Fine
Weight : 7.50g
Denom: Didrachm
Metal : Silver
Acquired: 01/09/04
1 commentsBolayi
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Cyrenaica Cyrene AR Didrachm 300-290 BC 7.73g39 viewsHorned head of Carneius.Rev Silphlum plant.1 commentsGrant H
DanubeCelts_Kapostal_Lanz653v.jpg
Danubian Celts20 viewsCelts, Danubian, Hungarian Plains. 2nd-1st c. BC. AR Didrachm (5.61 gm). Imitation of Philip II of uncertain tribe in Transylvania. Devolved head of Zeus r., cheek piece resembling four-spoked wheel / Disjointed horse with slight remains of rider, l. Horse head of Saddlehead type. VF. Bt. Gables Coin, 1999. Göbl OTA 300/15-6 var. (symbols on rev.); Kostial Lanz 653 var. (same); CCCBM I 46 var. (same); KMW-.Christian T
Metapontum_Demeter_200.JPG
Demeter219 viewsMetapontum, Lucania
AR Didrachm (21mm, 7.8g)
330-300 BC
O: Head of Demeter right, wreathed in grain and wearing triple earring and necklace; ΔAI under chin.
R: Ear of barley with seven grains, leaf to right; plow above leaf, MAX below, META to left.
SNG ANS 470 / SNG Cop 1227 / HN Italy 1581 / Johnston C-1 / Sear 416v

2 commentsEnodia
Domitian_RPC_1672.jpg
Domitian, 81 - 96 AD32 viewsObv: AYT KAI ΔOMITIANOC CЄBACTOC ГЄPM, laureate head of Domitian facing right.

Rev: ЄTO - IГ (Reginal year 13), Mt. Argaeus surmounted by a statue of Helios.

Silver Didrachm, Cappadocia, Caesarea, 93 - 94 AD

6.7 grams, 19.92 mm, 180°

RPC 1672, Metcalf 26, Syd. 128
SPQR Matt
20.jpg
Domitian, AD 81-9672 viewsCAPPADOCIA, Caesarea.

AR didrachm.

AYT KAI ΔOMITIANOC CEBACTOC ΓEPM, laureate head of Domitian, right / ETO-IΓ (year 13 = AD 93-94); Athena standing, right, holding owl in right hand, spear in left hand. Struck AD 93-94.

RPC II, 1669; Metcalf, Caesarea 23; Sydenham, Caesarea 124.
3 commentssocalcoins
0561-410~0.jpg
Domitius Domitianus, Octadrachm603 viewsOctadrachm struck in Alexandria in 297 AD
Obv : ΔOMITI-ANOC CEB, radiate head of Domitianus right
Rev : LB (regnal year 2), Serapis walking right, palm behind
12.79 gr
Ref : Sear #4801, Alexandrian coins #4241/2 (the illustration is this ex)

Domitius Domitianus, stationed in Egypt, rebelled against Diocletianus in july 296 AD and was proclaimed emperor. He was defeated during spring 297 AD. Diocletian decided to close the alexandrian mint, so the coins of Domitianus are the last provincial coins from Alexandria. Also, Domitianus was the only ruler to strike octadrachms (in paralle with didrachms, tetradrachms and hexadrachms)
2 commentsPotator II
0561-410np_noir.jpg
Domitius Domitianus, Octadrachm, Emmet plate coin - *177 viewsAlexandria mint, AD 296-297
ΔOMITI-ANOC CEB, Radiate bust of Domitius right
No legend, Serapis going right, LB in field (regnal year 2)
12.79 gr
Ref : Emmett, Alexandrian coins #4241/2, this example illustrated, Dattari # 10830, RCV # 12982 (2000), Sear # 4801 var (It's actually an hexadrachm in Sear)
Domitius Domitianus, stationed in Egypt, rebelled against Diocletianus in july 296 AD and was proclaimed emperor. He was defeated during spring 297 AD. Diocletian decided to close the alexandrian mint, so the coins of Domitianus are the last provincial coins from Alexandria. Also, Domitianus was the only ruler to strike octadrachms (in parallel with didrachms, tetradrachms and hexadrachms)

For more information, see, in english : http://www.forumancientcoins.com/numiswiki/view.asp?key=Domitius%20Domitianus or "en français" http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=54339.0

Also, the following comment, about another specimen sold at CNG (Triton XI, Lot # 539) "For the most part, scholars agree that the larger coins featuring the radiate bust must be a double, and thereby call it an octodrachm. At half the weight, then, the smallest coins with the Nike on the reverse must be tetradrachms, though these coins have erroneously been called heretofore didrachms. The weights of these tetradrachms appear consistent with the final issues of pre-reform tetradrachms of the Tetrarchs. The middle denomination poses the largest challenge to this arrangement. By weight, it should be a hexadrachm. However, no such denomination was known to have been struck in Egypt, though tetradrachms earlier in the third century achieved this weight. The obvious problem here would be the confusion caused in circulating the same denomination in two different weights. As this type is the rarest of the group, it is possible that it was meant for a special occasion, or more remotely, a stalled attempt to reinstitute the pre-reform coinage on an earlier weight standard. Further investigation may shed more light on this subject.
3 commentsPotator II
EB0068b_scaled.JPG
EB0068 Helios / Rose7 viewsRhodes, CARIA, AR Didrachm, c.250-229 BC.
Obverse: Helios Radiate Head Three Quarter Face.
Reverse: MNAΣIMAXOΣ above, P O below, Rose on its stem, with a button on the right; in the field, left, Athena Niképhore standing left.
References: Pz. 2704, Delpierre 2764, SNG Cop.765, BMC 143.
Diameter: 21mm, Weight: 6.495g.
Ex: Ariagno Collection.
EB
EB0547_scaled.JPG
EB0547 Hadrian / Mount Argaeus33 viewsHadrian AR Didrachm of Cappadocia, Caesarea, 128-138 AD.
Obv: AΔPIANOC CEBACTOC, Laureate head right.
Rev: YΠATOC Γ ΠATHR ΠATP, Mount Argaeus surmounted wreath.
References: Syd 272, Metcalf 97, SNGvA 6419.
Diameter: 22mm, Weight: 6.353 grams.
2 commentsEB
Sicily_Gela_SNG-ANS4_7_gf.jpg
Gela17 viewsGela. (CEΛAΣ) c. 490/485-480/475 BC. AR Didrachm (8.57 gm). Horseman galloping right, brandishing spear overhead. / Forepart of river god Gelas as man-headed bull r. (Ε-ΛΑ before.  nEF.  Triton V #1167. Ex William N. Rudman Coll. SNG ANS 4 mule: #7 (same ob. die) / #5 (same rev. die); Jenkins Gela Gp Ib 42 (O13'/R17); SNG Cop 1 #256; SNG Klagenfurt 430; HGC 2 #363.
480-470 BC.  Rule of tyrant Gelon, born in Gela, who won a crushing victory over the Carthaginians and ruled Syracuse for a time.
3 commentsAnaximander
cariarhodes.jpg
GREEK58 viewsAR didrachm. Rhodes ( Islands of Caria) c. 250-229 BC. 6,75 grs. 12 h. Radiate head of Helios facing slightly right / Rose in profile, bud to right. MNAΣIMAXOΣ ( magistrate ) above. P-O flanking stem. To left, Athena Nikephoros standing left.
SNG von Aulock 2807. SNG Copenhagen 765.
3 commentsbenito
Taras_Didrakme.jpg
GREEK, Calabria Taras. Didrachm.53 viewsCalabria Taras. Didrachm.
315-302 BC. 7,86 g.

Ex: Oslo Mynthandel 65
Jan Terje R
6Xnnj7SNLb9BiTf48PYoTBg53x9AcH.jpg
Greek, Calabria Tarentum AR Didrachm circa 345-334 BC 7.77 g Fischer-Bossert 733b this coin106 viewsNaked horseman on prancing horse right,lancing downwards with right hand,behind large shield and two more lances,the whole within a beaded border.In field to left A and to right |-,beneath horse KAA,RevTaras astride dolphin,a creasted helmet between his hands,with his head slightly bowed towards it,below KAA.
ex ARS Classica-Naville 12,1926 lot 230
ex Hirsch 26, 1910 lot 191
Grant H
Rhodes_AR_Didrachm_1_CNG.jpg
GREEK, Caria, ISLANDS off CARIA, Rhodes350 viewsCirca 250-229 BC. AR Didrachm (6.61 g, 12h). Mnasimachos, magistrate. Radiate head of Helios facing slightly right / Rose with bud to right; MNAΣIMAXOΣ above; to left, Athena Nikephoros standing left. Ashton 208; SNG Keckman 537-9; SNG Copenhagen 765
4 commentscarthago
pixodaros.jpg
GREEK, Caria, Satrap Pixodaros, ca 341-336/5132 viewsAR didrachm
Ob: Laureate Apollo, three quarters facing, right, himation fastened with brooch at neck
Rx: ΠIXΩΔAPOY; Zeus of Labraunda standing right, holding spear in left hand & double-bladed axe over right shoulder.
7.02g 21mm

SNG Keckman I, 280, Sammlung Karl 35-40

ex Pegasi Numismatics Auction XXII (20.04.2010) lot 167
3 commentsDino
velia1.JPG
GREEK, Italia, Velia Lucania, AR Didrachm 109 viewsStruck 293 - 280 B.C.
The obverse with the head of Athena facing left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with griffin. Monogram behind neckpiece, Φ on neck.
The reverse with lion stalking right caduceus above. The legend reading: YEΛHTΩN = "Of Elea"
Williams 515

Elea was the ancient name of the town of Velia. According to Herodotus, in 545 B.C. a group of Ionian Greeks fled Phokaia in modern Turkey, after it was besieged by the Persians. They settled in Corsica until they were attacked by a force of Etruscans and Carthaginians. The surviving 6000 took to the sea once more before finally settling on the coast of Italy and founding the town of Hyele, later to be renamed Ele, and then, eventually, Elea.
Diameter: 22 mm. Weight: 7.20 g.
4 commentssuperflex
Vlasto_713.JPG
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras203 views281-272 BC (Period VII - The Pyrrhic Hegemony)
AR Didrachm (19mm, 6.37g)
Sostratos magistrate.
O: Warrior on horseback right, holding shield and spears in left hand and thrusting spear downward with right; [Γ]Y (engraver) behind, ΣΩΣTP - ATOΣ (magistrate) in two lines below.
R: Taras riding dolphin left, holding cornucopia in left hand and Nike with laurel wreath in right; ΠOΛY to left, thunderbolt to right, T-APA[Σ] below.
Vlasto 713 / Evans VII, A2 / Cote 371-72 / SNG ANS 1084 / HN Italy 1001
ex CNG

Taras was foremost in resisting Roman influence during the third century, forming an alliance with Metapontum and supporting Pyrrhus of Epirus in his war against Rome from 281-275 BC.
3 commentsEnodia
Taras_V_703_x200.JPG
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras164 views302-281 BC (Period VI)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 7,67g)
Nikon magistrate.
O: Naked ephebe dismounting left, holding shield and spear in left hand; EY (engraver) above, [NI]KΩN (magistrate) below.
R: Phalanthos astride dolphin left, holding ear of grain; API (engraver) to left, TAPAΣ to right, spearhead below.
Vlasto 703 / Evans VI, E2 / Cote 342 / HN Italy 969.
Scarce
ex John Jencek

The didrachm was reduced from c. 7.5g to c. 6.5g after 281 to help pay for Pyrrhus' campaigns against the Romans. However the spearhead on the reverse is an Epirote symbol, making this one of the last coins struck on the old standard.
2 commentsEnodia
V836.JPG
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras154 views272-240 BC (Period VIII - The Roman Alliance)
AR Didrachm (18mm, 6.6g)
Lykinos magistrate.
O: Naked boy on horse pacing left, placing wreath on horse's head; ΣY (engraver) above, AYKI - NOΣ (magistrate) in two lines below.
R: Taras astride dolphin left, hurling trident with right hand, chlamys wrapped around left arm; owl behind; TA-PA[Σ] below.
Vlasto 836 / Evans VIII, A8 / Cote 473 / SNG ANS 1165 / SNG Cop 916 / SNG France 1999 / HN Italy 1025 / Sear 374v
ex Olympvs Coins

Following Pyrrhus’ withdrawal Taras was forced to submit to a Roman garrison in 272 BC, the period of this coin.

2 commentsEnodia
Taras_2.JPG
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras155 views281-272 BC (Period VII - The Pyrrhic Hegemony)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 6.44g)
Apollo(...) magistrate.
O: Warrior in crested helmet on horse cantering left, carrying large round shield and two spears; ΞΩ behind, [AΠOΛΛΩ] (magistrate) below.
R: Taras (of the plump Dionysiac type) riding dolphin left, holding bunch of grapes in extended right hand, distaff over left shoulder; ANΘ to right, TAPAΣ below.
Vlasto 789-91 / Evans VII, F2 or F6 / Cote 413 / SNG ANS 1131-1133 / HN Italy 1013

This plump rendition of Taras, differing greatly from previous images, is actually meant to represent a young Iacchus, the son of Dionysus and Persephone, and signifies the influence of the chthonic cult of Dionysus upon the religion of Taras.
Enodia
Vlasto_594~0.JPG
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras138 views330-302 BC (Period V)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 7.98g).
O: Naked warrior in crested helmet on horse prancing right, spearing downward with right hand, shield and two extra spears in left; ΔΑΙ below. R: Naked ephebe riding dolphin left, holding trident over shoulder with right hand and shield decorated with hippocamp in left; ΦΙ to left, ΤΑΡΑΣ to right, murex shell below.
Vlasto 594; Cote 239; Evans V, B5; Fischer-Bossert 1022a; HN Italy 935; SNG ANS 991.
ex Heidelberger Munzhandlung.
4 commentsEnodia
FotorCreated~115.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Tarentum, AR Didrachm circa 344-340 BC 22mm 7.18g 5h Fischer-Bossert 67968 viewsHelmeted warrior standing facing,head right, holding spear and shield, behind horse standing right, before horses foreleg 90 degree t. Rev TARAS Phalanthos riding dolphin left, holding trident and shield, A below and above waves. Overstruck on another Tarentum stater?
ex Hanbery
ex Frank Kovacs 1990.
1 commentsGrant H
6Xnnj7SNLb9BiTf48PYoTBg53x9AcH~0.jpg
Greek, Italy, Calabria, Tarentum, AR Didrachm circa 345-334 BC 7.77 g Fischer-Bossert 733b this coin58 viewsNaked horseman on prancing horse right,lancing downwards with right hand,behind large round shield and two more lances,the whole within a beaded border.Rev Taras astride dolphin,a crested helmet between his hands,with his head slightly bowed towards it.Grant H
Hyria_Didrachm_a.JPG
GREEK, Italy, Campania, Hyria96 views400-335 BC
AR Didrachm (21mm, 7.33g)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing wreathed Attic helmet decorated with an owl.
R: Man-headed bull walking right; YPIN[A] above.
SNG ANS 255v / HN Italy 539 / Rutter 69 (O32/R??) / Sear 294v (bull left)
ex Den of Antiquity

An historically obscure city which was probably located in southern Campania about 25 miles east of Mt. Vesuvius.

Enodia
Velia_2.JPG
GREEK, Italy, Lucania, Velia190 views350-310 BC
AR Didrachm (21mm, 7.5g)
-Kleudoros Group-
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet ornamented with griffin.
R: Lion prowling left; Φ above, engraver's monogram >E (Kleudoros) below, YEΛHTΩN in ex.
Williams 297 / SNG ANS 1312 / SNG Ashmolean 1233 / HN Italy 1289 / Sear 460v
ex Jack H. Beymer

"... cast earth upon my body
And seek haven in Velia once more..."
~ Vergil
2 commentsEnodia
01039AB.jpg
GREEK, ITALY, LUCANIA, Velia, 300-280 BC 205 viewsDidrachm, 7.51 g

O - Head of Athena to right, wearing Attic helmet adorned with a wing.
R - ΥΕΛΗΤΩΝ /Φ Ι / Π Lion walking to right; above, ear of wheat.

HN III 1309. Williams 470-489.

Provenance:
Ex Rauch 86, 2 May 2010, Lot 103
Ex Nomos, Auction 5, Lot 107, 25 October 2011
3 commentsrobertpe
86557q00.jpg
GREEK, Knidos, Caria, c. 210 - 185 B.C.18 viewsGS86557. Silver didrachm, SNG Cop 318, Imhoof-Blumer Karische 32, Waddington 2312, SNG Keckman -, SNGvA -, SNG Kayhan -, SNG Mün -, SNG Tüb -, SNG Mugla -, BMC Caria -, aEF, toned, tight flan typical for the type, encrustations, light corrosion, edge cracks, weight 5.531 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Knidos (near Tekir, Turkey) mint, magistrate Agephon..., c. 210 - 185 B.C.; obverse head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse forepart of roaring lion right, club to left, KNI∆ION above, AΓEΦΩN (magistrate) below; from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; rareJoe Sermarini
86516q00.jpg
GREEK, Kos, Carian Islands, c. 345 - 340 B.C.24 viewsGS86516. Silver didrachm, Pixodarus p. 234, 13 (A2/P7); SNG Cop 619; Weber 6629; HGC 6 1305 (R1); BMC Caria p. 195, 18 ff. var. (magistrate); SNG Keckman 287 var. (same), gVF, attractive style, bold strike, toned, tight flan cutting off ethnic, corrosion, edge cracks, Kos mint, weight 6.369g, maximum diameter 20.2mm, die axis 0o, Ma[...], magistrate, c. 345 - 340 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse veiled female (Halkiopi?) head left, MA (magistrate) behind, KΩION below; from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; rareJoe Sermarini
Kyrenaikadidrachm.jpg
GREEK, Kyrenaika, AR Didrachm723 viewsExcellent Kyrenaikan Didrachm from Magistrate/Ptolemy I period.6 commentsalexB
Metapontum_200z~0.JPG
GREEK, Metapontum, Lucania171 viewsAR Didrachm (21mm, 7.8g)
O: Head of Demeter right, wreathed in grain and wearing triple earring and necklace; ΔAI under chin.
R: Ear of barley with seven grains, leaf to right; plow above leaf, MAX below, META to left.
SNG ANS 470 / SNG Cop 1227 / HN Italy 1581 / Johnston C-1 / Sear 416

Founded around 700 BC by Achaean colonists, Metapontum was located at the north of the Gulf of Taras between the rivers Bradanus and Casuentus.
1 commentsEnodia
didracmatirosm~0.jpg
GREEK, Phoenicia, Tyre - Attic didrachm172 viewsTyre. Uzzimilk (?) 357-333 BC. Attic didrachm, 8.67g.
Obv: Bearded god (Melqarth?) riding winged hippocamp to right, holding
bow. Beneath, waves. Guilloche border.
Rx: Owl standing to right, head facing, with crook and flail. In right field,
Phoenician numerals. Guilloche border.
1 commentsCaffaro
bpGS1G4Rhodes.jpg
GREEK, Rhodes, AR Didrachm53 viewsDidrachm, 6.56 gm, 16.9 mm, 400-335 BC, SNG Kayhan 913.
Obv: Anepigraphic with head of Helios at a three quarter face with hair loose and flowing suggesting the rays of the sun.
Rev: (POΔION) off flan at top.
Rose with Star in left field and Δ below. Rosebud in right field.
Comment: Both the o and r of this coin are in very high relief. My scanner does not give this little beauty the justice it deserves.
Massanutten
Taras_Stater~0.jpg
Greek, Taras, Didrachm184 viewsUnlisted with the letters in front of the horse.2 commentsPhiloromaos
hadmt1.jpg
Hadrian (117-138 A.D.)71 viewsAR Didrachm
CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea
O: ADPIANOC CEBACTOC, laureate head right.
R: YPATOC G.PATHPPA, Helios standing on Mount Argaeus, holding globe and sceptre.
20mm
6.35g
Sydenham, Caesarea 263; Metcalf, Caesarea 92a
2 commentsMat
J08-Half Shekel.jpg
Half Shekel of Tyre, 126 BCE - 66 CE68 viewsSilver didrachm of Tyre (half shekel), 20 mm, 7 grams. Dated ΡZ to Pφ (19 BCE – 64 CE)

Obverse: Laureate Bust of Melqart right
Reverse: Inscription ΤΥΡΟΥ ΙΕΡΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΑΣΥΛΟΥ (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left on prow, palm on right wing; dated ΡZ to Pφ (19 BCE – 64 CE) on left, KP on right.

Reference: RPC 4685

Added to collection: September 16, 2005
Daniel Friedman
Sicily_Himera_SNG-ANS4_155_gf.jpg
Himera. Tyranny of Theron & Thrasydaios13 viewsSicily, Himera. 480-470 BC. AR Didrachm (8.79 gm). Cock standing l. HIMERA to l. / Crab.  nEF.  Westermark & Jenkins Himera #4; SNG ANS 4 #155ff; SNG Cop 1 #302-303; SNG Lloyd 1011-1012; BMC 2 24; ACNAC: Dewing 613-614, Rosen 55; HGC 2 #438. cf. Nomos 1 #20 (same dies).
Theron of Akragas and Gelon of Syracuse defeated Carthage in the Battle of Himera in 480 BC. Theron deposed the local tyrant of Himera and ruled over the city. The pairing of the crowing rooster on the obverse (Himera’s name means ‘day break’) and the crab of Akragas on the reverse aptly captures this political situation. Theron's son, Thrasydaios, succeeded him as tyrant in 472 BC, but Thrasydaios was defeated in battle by Hieron of Syracuse in 470 BC. The Carthaginians had their revenge in 408 BC when Himera was utterly destroyed.
1 commentsAnaximander
Hyria.jpg
Hyria - AR didrachm14 viewsc. 405-400 BC
head of Hera Lakinia facing slightly right, wearing necklace and polos ornamented with palmette between the foreparts of two griffins
man-faced bull walking right
YPINA (retrograde)
Rutter 134; Historia Numorum Italy 540
ex Lanz
From the H.J. Müller collection.
Johny SYSEL
Hyria_Didrachm.JPG
Hyria, Campania181 views400-335 BC
AR Didrachm (21mm, 7.33g)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing wreathed Attic helmet decorated with an owl.
R: Man-headed bull walking right; YPIN[A] above.
Rutter 69 (O32/R??); SNG ANS 255; HN Italy 539; Sear 294v (bull left)
ex Den of Antiquity

An historically obscure city in southern Campania, Hyria may have been located approximately 25 miles east of Mt. Vesuvius. It's site was likely an old Samnite settlement, and in fact the ethnic on the reverse of these didrachms is often inscribed in Oscan.
However Imhoof-Blumer believed that these coins, along with those of neighboring Nola, may actually have been struck at Neapolis. This is suggested by die comparisons, and the man-headed bull device seemingly adds weight to the arguement.
7 commentsEnodia
SphinxChios.jpg
Ionia, Chios Sphinx Silver Didrachm c. 500 B.C.13 viewsIonia, Chios Silver Archaic Didrachm (18mm, 7.82 gm.), c. 500 B.C. Very Rare.
Obv: Sphinx seated left, amphora in field to left.
Rev: Quadrapartite incuse square.
Ref: S. 4594; Baldwin S.17.13, plate II; SNG Lockett 2858.
Very Rare.
mjabrial
Ionia_Magnesia_SNGvAulock2034v.jpg
Ionia, Magnesia ad Maeandrum11 viewsIonia, Magnesia ad Maeandrum. 350-325 BC. AR Didrachm (6.77 gm). Armed horseman prancing r., wearing helmet, chlamys and cuirass, holding spear. / Humped bull butting l. ΜΑΓΝ above, ear of barley to r., and magistrate ΔIOΠEIΘHΣ (Diopeithes) below. gVF.  SNG Kayhan 410v (no grain stalk); SNG vAulock 2034v (same); P. Kinns, Two Studies in the Silver Coinage of Magnesia on the Maeander, KME, p. 137, n. 4. Extremely rare. cf Leu Numismatik A83 #312 (same dies); CNG A97 #185 (same); Gorny & Mosch 211 #359 (same); Peus 407 #550 (same). Christian T
greek91.jpg
Islands of Caria, Rhodes AR Didrachm88 views(250-229 BC). Agesidamos, magistrate.
Obv.: Radiate head of Helios facing slightly right.
Rev.: AΓΗΣΙΔΑΜΟΣ / Ρ - Ο. Rose with bud right. Control: Artemis advancing left, holding torch.
Ashton 206.
4 commentsMinos
rhodes_didrachm_k.jpg
ISLANDS off CARIA, Rhodes5 viewsAR Didrachm, 21mm, 6.6 g, 12h; c. 305-275 BC
Obv.: Head of Helios facing slightly right.
Rev.: POΔION; Rose with bud to right; E and grape bunch to left.
Reference: Ashton 157; SNG Keckman 451-3; HGC 6, 1435
16-386-355
John Anthony
rhodes.jpg
ISLANDS off CARIA. Rhodes AR Didrachm49 viewsCirca 229-205 BC. AR Didrachm (6.68gm, 20mm, 11h). Tharsytas, magistrate. Ashton 215; SNG Keckman 550; SNG Copenhagen 756. Obverse: Radiate head of Helios facing slightly right. Reverse: Rose with bud to right; ΘAPΣYTAΣ above; to left, eagle standing right on fulmen. Lovely strike on a nice full flan. High relief elegant dies. Choice EF. Toned.

Ex Pars Coins

The facing head of the sun god Helios on later coins of Rhodes represent the famous statue in antiquity known as the Colossus of Rhodes. It was built in the 3rd century B.C. and took 12 years to complete. It stood at almost 100 feet tall and was one of the tallest statues in the world until it was toppled down by an earthquake around 226 B.C. The statue was erected to commemorate the defeat or withdrawal of the diadoch Demetrios Poliorketes after failing to take the besieged city. The reverse shows the iconic rose which served as a pun to the name of the city, in this case, the Greek word “rhodon” for rose. It is interesting to note that some of the facing head designs on the coins have a peculiar orientation. When looking closely to the head on this particular coin, the viewer seems to be looking at the face from below. It is tempting to assume that when this coin was minted, the Colossus was still standing and hadn’t yet been toppled down by the earthquake. This could be the actual likeness of the face of the statue while it was still standing. If the presumption is correct, we could date this coin to around 229-226 B.C.
1 commentsJason T
LarryW2367.jpg
Italy, Calabria, Taras, 272-235 BC15 viewsAR didrachm, 6.38g, gF
Naked horseman right, crowning horse with right hand; AΓAΘA - PXOΣ below horse / TAPAΣ, Taras, naked, seated on dolphin left; right arm extended and holding kantharos, cornucopiae in left arm; race torch behind.
Sear 375v; HN Italy 1028
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW2366.jpg
Italy, Calabria, Taras, 272-235 BC19 viewsAR didrachm, 6.48g, VF
Naked horseman trotting left, crowning horse with right hand; ΣY behind, ΛYKI - NOΣ below horse / TA PAΣ, Taras, naked, seated on dolphin left; right arm raised and hurling trident, chlamys hanging from extended left arm; behind, owl left.
Sear 374v; BMC Italy, p. 181, #161; HN Italy 1025
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
Kaulonia_Didrachm.JPG
Kaulonia, Bruttium41 views475-425 BC
AR Didrachm (20mm, 7.82g)
O: Apollo, nude, walking right, holding branch in raised right arm; small daimon running on outstretched left arm; stag standing right in field to right, head reverted, KAVΛ (retrograde) to left.
R: Stag standing right, laurel branch to right; KAV (retrograde) above.
Noe, Caulonia, Group F. cf 97; HN Italy 2046; Sear 462 
ex NB Numismatics

2 commentsEnodia
FotorCreated~64.jpg
Kings of Macedon Alexander the great circa 324-323 BC AR Didrachm 18mm 8.18 g 3h16 viewsBabylon mint,struck under Stamenes or Archon.Head of young Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress beaded boarder.Rev Zeus seated left M in left field,monogram below throne.
Very rare from the last issue of Alexanders lifetime coinage in the city where he died.Contemporay with his dekadrachm.
Grant H
1319_Korkyra.jpg
Korkyra - AR didrachm10 viewsc. 229-48 BC
head of Dionysos right wearing ivy-wreath
pegasos; below prow right
(KP) (AV) (KP)
HGC 6, 65
ex Savoca
Johny SYSEL
_Velia200.JPG
Lion - Velia, Lucania228 viewsAR Didrachm (21mm, 7.5gm)
350-310 BC
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet ornamented with griffin.
R: Lion prowling left; Φ above, engraver's monogram >K (Kleudoros) below, YEΛHTΩN in ex.
Williams 297 / SNG ANS 1312 / SNG Ashmolean 1233 / HN Italy 1289 / Sear 460v
3 commentsEnodia
Lucania_Herakleia_SNG-ANS85.jpg
Lucania, Herakleia.18 viewsLucania, Herakleia. 281-278 BC. Time of Pyrrhos ⚔ 280. AR Didrachm (6.16 gm). Head of Athena r., wearing unadorned crested Corinthian helmet. / Herakles stdg., resting on club and holding lionskin over l. arm, crowning himself w/ r. Asplustre, ͰΑ, and ͰHPAKΛHIΩN to l., ΦΙΛΩ r. VF. SNG ANS 85; HN Italy 1398; HGC 1 995; Jameson 252; SNG Cop 1107; cf Van Keuren 100-101. Pyrrhos: "One more such victory and I must return to Epeiros alone!".Christian T
Lucania,_Metapontio,_AR_Stater.jpg
Lucania, Metapontion, ca. 510-470 BC, AR Didrachm34 viewsBarley ear of six grains, META upwards on left, all within cable border.
Incuse barley ear of seven grains.

HN Italy 1482; SNG ANS 237; SNG Copenhagen 1166; Noe 205.

(20 mm, 8.08 g, 12h).
Kirk Davis Classical Numismatics Catalogue 50, Fall 2006, 3.
3 commentsn.igma
Lucania_Metapontum_GCV_415~0.JPG
Lucania, Metapontum 121 viewsObv: Bearded head of Leukippos facing right, wearing a Corinthian helmet, lion's head behind.

Rev: Barley ear with seven grains, leaf to left supporting a club, AMI below, META in field to right.

Silver Didrachm, Lucania, Metapontum, 350 - 330 BC

7.9 grams, 18.5 mm, 270°

GCV 415, Johnston B2.1, SNG Munchen 985
3 commentsSPQR Coins
Lucania,_Metapontion.jpg
Lucania, Metapontum AR Nomos53 viewsStruck circa 340-330 BC. AR Nomos, 7.83g. Johnston Class B2. HN Italy-1575. SNG ANS 432-440. Obverse bearded head of hero Leukippos wearing unadorned Corinthian helmet right; behind lion head right; monogram below chin. Reverse barley ear of seven grains with leaf to left; club above leaf, AMI below; META in right field.

Ex Joseph Melchione collection. Ex Ira and Larry Goldberg Pre-Long Beach Sept. 4-5, 2012 Auction 70th Sale, lot 3021. Ex CNG. VF, toned.

The head of the hero Leukippos on this coin is particularly elegant. He was a mythical king of Messene whom the Metapontines claimed as the founder of their city. His appearance on the coins almost certainly serves as an allusion to the help given to Metapontum by Alexander the Molossian, another king from across the sea. The mythological hero Leukippos (his name means owner of a white horse, i.e., a wealthy man) was particularly popular in Metapontum, appearing on the obverse of many of the city's nomoi, or staters, starting c. 350 BC. This helmeted and bearded head also served as a prototype for Rome's early didrachms with a similar head of Mars. (Commentary courtesy Classical Numismatic Group).
1 commentsJason T
Thourioi_didrachm.jpg
LUCANIA, Thourioi75 viewsHead of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with Skylla holding rudder over shoulder

Bull butting right; below, dolphin right in waves.

Lucania, Thourioi

Circa 400-350 BC

7.35g

HN Italy 1794b; SNG ANS 1048.

Ex CNG 385, Lot: 48, Ex-Steve P collection
2 commentsJay GT4
Velia2.jpg
Lucania, Velia (Circa 440-400 BC)22 viewsAR Didrachm

20 mm, 7.68 g

Obverse: Head of Athena l., wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with griffin and laurel wreath; Φ to r.

Reverse: Lion attacking stag; [Y]EL-HT-EW-N

Williams 159; HNItaly 1270; SNG ANS 1261. VF

The type of lion and its prey goes back to the earliest Velian drachms brought by its original Phocaean settlers from Asia Minor; in various forms the type is common in the East Greek and Persian world and may have originally represented the triumph of light over darkness or of the king over his enemies.
2 commentsNathan P
Velia.jpg
Lucania, Velia AR Didrachm134 viewsHelmeted head of Athena left, wearing Phrygian helmet decorated with centauress, KE monogram behind

Lion left, tearing prey, A above, KE monogram below, ΥΕΛΗΤΩΝ in ex.

Circa 334-300 BC

7.22g

Williams 327 (O.174/R.243)
BMC 74; HN Italy 1294.

Ex-Calgary coin

The KE obverse monogram is the signature of Kleudoros, the artist or mint master of Velia.
5 commentsJay GT4
Velia_(Hyele,_Elea).jpg
Lucania, Velia Stater41 viewsCirca. 340-334 BC, Didrachm, 7.62g.
Williams-251, HN Italy-1283. Obv: Head of Athena r., helmet decorated with griffin. Rx: Lion walking r., Π below, YEΛHTΩN in exergue.A wonderfully centered and very beautifully struck specimen. Minor scratches on face. Choice EF
1 commentsLeo
NM5L107.jpg
LUCANIA, Velia, 300-280 BC134 viewsDidrachm, 7.51 g

O - Head of Athena to right, wearing Attic helmet adorned with a wing.
R - ΥΕΛΗΤΩΝ /Φ Ι / Π Lion walking to right; above, ear of wheat.

HN III 1309. Williams 470-489.

Ex Rauch 86, 2 May 2010, Lot 103
Ex Nomos, Auction 5, Lot 107, 25 October 2011
7 commentsrobertpe
LarryW2347.jpg
Lucania, Velia, 350-281 BC45 viewsSilver didrachm, 22.9mm, 7.32g, VF
Head of Athena left, wearing earring, necklace, and crested Athenian helmet; on helmet, dolphin, on flap, Φ, and on crest carrier, a row of pellets / YEΛHTΩN, lion walking right; above, Φ and I either side of ornamented trident head right; border of dots.
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
BMC Italy, pg 314, #100; Sear 460v; SNG Cop 1585
Lawrence Woolslayer
Williams_139.jpg
Lucania, Velia, c. 440/35-400 BC. AR Didrachm18 views20mm, 7.58g, 11h
Head of Athena l., wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with griffin, palmette on neck guard. R/ Lion attacking stag r. Williams 139; HNItaly 1270. VF
Leo
Lucania-Velia-didrachm-Athena-Lion-from-Pecunem.jpg
LUCANIA, Velia. didrachm28 viewsLUCANIA. Velia. Didrachm
305-290 BC
Obv: Head of Athena right, wearing crested helmet, decorated with griffin; at left, A.
Rev: YEΛHTΩN.
lion standing on exergual line; above dolphin between I and Φ.
SNG ANS 1375-6.
Weight: 7.3 g.
Diameter: 17.5 mm.

Athena, a griffin, a lion, a dolphin... what's not to love?
TIF
Williams_543.jpg
LUCANIA, Velia. Circa 280 BC. Didrachm or Nomos15 views21mm, 6.84 g 1
Head of Athena to left, wearing crested Attic helmet adorned with Pegasus; behind neck, IE in shallow incuse square. Rev. [ΥEΛHTΩN] Lion attacking stag to left. HN III 1318. Williams 543 (same dies). Minor cleaning scratches, otherwise, good fine.


From a collection in Ticino, formed over 20 years ago.
Leo
HN_1363.jpg
LUCANIA. Herakleia. Circa 420/15-390 BC. Didrachm or Nomos7 viewsSilver, 22 mm, 7.61 g, 3 h
Head of Athena to right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet adorned with hippocamp with curved wings on the bowl.
Rev. HPAKΛHIΩN Herakles strangling the Nemean lion; to left, club and bow.
HN Italy 1363. SNG ANS 47. Rare and nicely toned. Very fine.
1 commentsLeo
luciusdid.jpg
Lucius Verus (161 - 169 A.D.)88 viewsCaesarea, Cappadocia
AR Didrachm
O: AYTOKR OYHPOC CEBACTOC Bare-headed and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
R: YPA TOS B ,Mt. Argaeus surmounted by Helios standing left.
Struck 161-166 A.D. (as COS II)
Caesarea, Cappadocia Mint
6.3g
20mm
Metcalf, Caesarea 131d; Sydenham, Caesarea
6 commentsMat
Maximianus_Isis~1.jpg
Maximianus - Alexandria22 viewsAE didrachm?
296 AD ?
laureate head right
MAΞIMIA_NOC CEB
Isis holding scepter and sistrum standing left
IC_IC
maybe unique! Variant with Diocletian: CNG 63, Lot: 1104.
4,39g

few AE tetradrachms with weight 6-8g are known but this is clearly smaller flan just like CNG 63, Lot: 1104.

CNG:
" The Isis festival was a major celebration in Rome in the 3rd and 4th centuries, heralding the arrival of the ship of Isis (navigium Isidis) from Alexandria on the 5th of March. Such coins or tokens were first struck by Diocletian at Rome to mark the arrival of the ship, but this item, with its Alexandrian flan and Greek legend, was clearly struck in Egypt, perhaps upon the ship's departure. It may be one of the last issues struck in Alexandria before the closure of the mint in 296 AD. Alföldi proposes that the festival associated with the Isis ship (also known as carrus navalis) became, in the Middle Ages, the carne levare or carnival."
Johny SYSEL
Metapontum.JPG
Metapontum, Lucania122 views330-300 BC
AR Didrachm (21mm, 7.76g)
O: Head of Demeter right, wreathed in grain and wearing triple earring and necklace; ΔAI under chin.
R: Ear of barley with seven grains, leaf to right; plow above leaf, MAX below, META to left.
Johnston C-1; SNG ANS 470; SNG Cop 1227; HN Italy 1581; Sear 416
ex Windsor Antiquities

Founded around 700 BC by Achaean colonists, Metapontum strived to remain neutral through the many wars common in Magna Graecia. They took no active role in the struggle between fellow Achaean colonies of Kroton and Sybaris, although they did give sanctuary to Pythagoras and his followers after they were banished from Kroton. Here he taught until his retirement, and here he died (c. 500 BC).
Metapontum joined Taras in an alliance with Alexander of Epirus during his wars against the Lucanians and Bruttians (332 BC). However when Metapontum declined a similar offer to ally with Kleonymus of Sparta in 303 BC, Taras became hostile and attacked, eventually extorting a large sum of gold from the Metapontines. The animosity between them subsided by 281 BC, when Metapontum once again sided with the Tarentines in an alliance with Pyrrhus, King of Epirus, in the war against Rome.
By this time their influence in the region had waned, and we hear less and less of the city until the Second Punic War (216 BC), at which time Metapontum declared in favor of Hannibal. By 212 BC Hannibal occupied the city, and it seems to have been a major base for his forces. However, after his military reversal Hannibal was forced to give up possession of the region, departing Italy from Metapontum in 207 BC and evacuating the population at the same time. Metapontum would never again play a major role in Magna Graecia, and although Cicero mentions visiting the city, Pausanias tells us that the site was a complete ruin by his time.
3 commentsEnodia
Neapolis_AR.JPG
Neapolis, Campania38 views275-250 BC
AR Didrachm (20mm, 6.92g)
O: Diademed head of the nymph Parthenope left, wearing triple earring; poppy head behind.
R: Man-faced bull standing right; Nike flying right above, crowning bull; IΣ below, [N]EAΠOΛITΩ[N] in ex.
Sambon 510; HN Italy 586; SNG ANS 400; Hands Class VI; Sear 309v (eagle head)
ex Numisantique

The Greek colony on what is now known as the Bay of Naples was one of the earliest in Italy, originally established by settlers from Euboea, and possibly named Parthenope after the local Nymph. The city was later re-founded nearby and renamed Neapolis, or ‘New City’. Its proximity to Rome brought Italian customs to the colony, while conversely bringing a heavy Greek influence to the Romans.
It is not surprising then that Neapolis was one of the first Greek colonies to ally itself with Rome near the end of the fourth century BC, and was instrumental in repelling Hannibal a hundred years later.
3 commentsEnodia
00neroagrippina.jpg
NERO67 viewsAR didrachm. Caesarea (Capadocia). 54-56 AD. 7,13 grs. Laureate head right. NERO CLAVD DIVI CLAVD F CAESAR AVG GERMANI. / Draped bust of Agrippina right,with elaborate headress. AGRIPPINA AVGVSTA MATER AVGVSTI.
RIC 607. C 1. RSC (Agrippina and Nero) 1.
Ex Roma Numismatics. Swiss Bank Corp. 25. Lot 405. UBS 78.Lot 1474.
3 commentsbenito
00neroagrippina~0.jpg
NERO123 viewsAR didrachm. Caesarea (Capadocia). 54-56 AD. 7,13 grs. Laureate head right. NERO CLAVD DIVI CLAVD F CAESAR AVG GERMANI. / Draped bust of Agrippina right,with elaborate headress. AGRIPPINA AVGVSTA MATER AVGVSTI.
RIC 607. C 1. RSC (Agrippina and Nero) 1.
Swiss Bank Corp. 25. Lot 405. UBS 78.Lot 1474.
3 commentsbenito
Nero_RIC_619.JPG
Nero, 54 - 68 AD81 viewsObv: NERO C(LAVD DI CLAV)D F CAESAR AVG GERMA, laureate head of Nero facing right.

Rev: DIVOS CLAVD AV(GVST GERMAN)IC PATER AVG, laureate head of Claudius facing right.

Silver Didrachm, Caesarea, Cappadocia mint, 64 AD

7.6 grams, 21 mm, 0°

RIC I 619 (var.), RSC Nero & Claudius 1a, S2055
1 commentsSPQR Coins
nervadidra.jpg
Nerva (96 -98 A.D.)70 viewsCappadocia, Caesarea
AR Didrachm
O AVTOKPAT NEPOYAC KAICAP CEBACTOC YΠATΔ, Laurate head right.
R: CEBACTOY TYXH, Tyche standing left holding rudder in right hand and cornucopiae in left.
Cappadocia, Caesarea 97 A.D.
20mm
6.7g
Sydenham 150, SNG von Aulock 6380

Published on Wildwinds!
5 commentsMat
Nola_Didrachm.JPG
Nola, Campania45 views395-385 BC
AR Didrachm (21mm, 6.56g)
O: Diademed head of nymph right.
R: Man-faced bull walking left; Nike flying left above, placing wreath on bull's head, ΝΟΛAI[…] in ex.
Rutter 17; cf Sambon 806; HN Italy 605
ex Marc Walter Ancient Coins

Nola was located about 15 miles northeast of Neapolis, in a fertile region between the coast and the Appenine Mountains. The city still survives to this day, but very little is left of the ancient polis.
Nola is known as the city in which Augustus died in 14 AD.
Their coins are nearly identical to those of Neapolis and nearby Hyria, and in fact may actually have been struck in the former city.
1 commentsEnodia
Parthia_Didrachm_Athenian_Imitative_ca_245-238_BC_.jpg
Parthia, Andragoras, ca. 245-238 BC, AR Didrachm45 viewsHelmeted head of Athena r.; monogram behind.
Owl standing r., head facing; galley prow r. above grape vine branch behind, AΘE to r.

Taylor 'Birds of a Feather' 2.15; HGC 12, 3 (Baktria); H. Nicolet-Pierre & M. Amandry, RN 1994, 49 (Baktria); SNG ANS 9, 4 var. (Baktria).

(18 mm, 8.11 g, 6h).

Roma Numismatics E-Live 4 (20 Nov. 2018), lot 440; ex- 'Andragoras-Sophytes' Hoard.

This coin like all the Series 2 didrachms has a strongly developed hammered edge fabric giving the edge of the coin a faceted appearance that is much more evident in hand than in the photo.

Although the mint control symbol consisting of a galley prow may seem out of place on a coin struck in Parthia, it should be remembered that the province of Parthia bordered the Caspian Sea, the world's largest inland body of water, undoubtedly plied by galleys in ancient times.

The 'Andragoras-Sophytes' hoard came to market from mid-late 2017. It was reputedly found in 2014 and consisted of approximately 600 coins from at an undisclosed location in Afghanistan (Hoard information: Olivier Bordeaux & Osmund Bopearachchi). Around half of these coins were marketed by Roma Numismatics in a succession of auctions commencing in 2017 and continuing through 2019.
3 commentsn.igma
310.jpg
Parthia, Andragoras, ca. 245-238 BC, AR Didrachm22 viewsHelmeted head of Athena r.; bunch of grapes behind.
Owl standing r., head facing, crescent, olive spray (largely off-flan) and bunch of grapes (mostly off-flan) behind, AΘE to r.

Taylor Birds of a Feather 2.3, 96 (dies a7/p12) ; HGC 12, 4 (Baktria); H. Nicolet-Pierre & M. Amandry, RN 1994, 24-28 (Baktria); SNG ANS 9, 5 (Baktria).

(19 mm, 7.94 g, 6h).

Roma Numismatics XVII (28 Mar. 2019), lot 587; ex 'Andragoras-Sophytes' Hoard.

The 'Andragoras-Sophytes' hoard came to market from mid-late 2017. It was reputedly found in 2014 and consisted of approximately 600 coins from at an undisclosed location in Afghanistan (Hoard information: Olivier Bordeaux & Osmund Bopearachchi). Around half of these coins were marketed by Roma Numismatics in a succession of auctions commencing in 2017 and continuing through to 2019.
1 commentsn.igma
Macedon_PhilipV_Mamroth_ZfN40_23_gf.jpg
Philip V. 221-179 BC. AR Didrachm of Pella6 viewsMacedon, Philip V. 221-179 BC. AR Didrachm (7.99 gm) of Pella, 200/197-179. Laureate head of Philip V r. / War club, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ - ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ within laurel wreath, trident to l. Monograms ꞮΩ (Zoilos, magistrate) above, ΔΙ & ΣΙ below. VF.  Ponterio 119 #442. Babelon de Luynes 1704; HGC 3.1 #1059; Kampmann p.36 #9; Mamroth ZfN 40 #23 (plate V #7); McClean 3269; SNG Ashmolean 3269; SNG Cop - ; SNG Saroglos 938. Anaximander
TYRE~0.jpg
Phoenicia, Tyre47 viewsCirca 332-275 BC.
AR Didrachm - 8.5g - 20mm.
Obv.: Melqart riding hippocamp right, holding reins in right hand, bow in left; double line of waves and a dolphin below.
Rev.: Owl standing right, crook and flail over left shoulder.
BMC 26.
1 commentsRicardo Veltri
Phoenicia,_Tyre.jpg
Phoenicia, Tyre31 viewsAR Didrachm/ Half Shekel (Temple Tax)
Trye/Jerusalem mint, 36-37 A.D.
19mm, 6.49g
GCV-5921var.

Obverse:
Laureate head of beardless Melgarth right, lion's skin knotted around neck.

Reverse:
TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY
PXB (year 162) in left field
KP and monogram in right field
Eagle standing left on beak of ship, carrying palm under right wing; in field to left, club.
rubadub
4297_4298.jpg
Provincial, Didrachm, Caesarea, Cappadocia, ΥΠΑ-ΤΟC Γ12 viewsAR Didrachm
Roman Provincial: Caesarea, Cappadocia
Marcus Aurelius
Caesar: 140 - 161AD
Augustus: 161 - 180AD
20.0mm 5.80gr 11h
O: ΑΥΤΟΚΡ ΑΝΤΩΝΕΙΝΟC CEB; Bare head, right.
R: ΥΠΑ-ΤΟC Γ; Mount Argaeus surmounted by a statue of Helios, holding globe and scepter.
Metcalf, Caesarea 129a; Sydenham, Caesarea 321.
bronzemat/Mat Baca
3/11/15 1/17/20
Nicholas Z
Ptolomaic_Didrachm.jpg
Ptolemy VI Didrachm 151-150 B.C. Arados Mint, Phoenicia39 viewsSilver didrachm, Svoronos 1216 (Ptolemy VI); SNG Cop 556, VF, Phoenicia, Arados mint, weight 6.882g, maximum diameter 22.3mm, die axis 0o, 151 - 150 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis; reverse BASILEWS PTOLEMAIOU, eagle with wings closed standing half left atop fulmen, date R-Q across field ( year 109 Arados Era);
Ex Forvm
1 commentsPhiloromaos
ptolemyIV.jpg
Ptolemy VI, Silver didrachm21 viewsPtolemy VI, 204 - 181 B.C. Silver didrachm, SNG Cop 638, Svoronos 1789 (Ptolemy V), rough F, Cyprus mint, 5.583g, 21.7mm, 0o, obverse diademed head of Ptolemy as Dionysos right, thyrsus across shoulder; reverse “PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS”, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open; rare. ex FORVM 1 commentsPodiceps
CAPPADOCIA__Caesarea__Vespasian_with_Titus_(69-79)__Didrachm__RPC_II_1650,_Sydenham_102__Q-001,_0h,_19mm,_6,73g-s~0.jpg
R., Cappadocia, Caesarea, Galatia-Cappadocia, 020p Vespasian with Titus (69-79 A.D.), RPC II 1650, AR-Didrachm, Laureate head of Titus right, #176 viewsR., Cappadocia, Caesarea, Galatia-Cappadocia, 020p Vespasian with Titus (69-79 A.D.), RPC II 1650, AR-Didrachm, Laureate head of Titus right, #1
avers: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC, Laureate head of Vespasian right.
reverse: AYTO KAI OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOY YIOC, Laureate head of Titus right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 19,0-20,0mm, weight: 6,73g, axis: 0h,
mint: City: Caesarea, Region: Cappadocia, Province: Galatia-Cappadocia,
date: 69-79 A.D.,
ref: RPC II 1650, Sydenham 102, Metcalf Conspectus 4, Ganschow 66b,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
0005-Republique-Ags.jpg
Republic in silver157 viewsA virtual tray showing a selection of silver coins minted during the roman republic, from the ROMANO she-wolf suckling twins didrachm to Octavian denarii
Please, click to enlarge
Full description attribution and references of the coins are available in my republic gallery
3 commentsPotator II
0010-010.jpg
Republic, Didrachm67 viewsRome mint c. 269-266 BC
No legend, Diademed head of young Hercules right, with club and lion's skin over shoulder
ROMANO, She wolf right, suckling Romulus and Remus
7.29 gr
Ref : RCV # 24, RSC # 8
2 commentsPotator II
g_105.JPG
Rhodes29 viewsCaria Rhodes 394-304 BC
Didrachm

Obverse:Head of Helios facing, slightly right
Reverse:PODIWN;Rose with buds at sides

18.58mm 6.34gm
maik
B-rhodes_01.jpg
Rhodes AR Didrachm39 viewsObv: Facing head of Apollo, looking slightly to r., hair floating loose at sides of face.
Rev: RODION - Rose with stem and bud; in field, star and Delta.
Year: Circa 305-265 BC
Cat #: SNG Kayhan 913 (drachm); BMC 26 var. (different symbol)
oa
rhodes_02.jpg
Rhodes AR Didrachm33 viewsObv: Head of Helios facing slightly right.
Rev: Rose with bud to right; thunderbolt and Δ left.
Date: Circa 305 - 275 BC
Weight: 6.60g
Ref: SNG Keckman 477
1 commentsoa
Rhodos-ssQ-001-s.jpg
Rhodes, Caria, ( 340-316 B.C.), SNG Keckman 436-440, AR-Didrachm, PΟΔΙΟΝ, Flower, E+Grapes to left, Rare!,287 viewsRhodes, Caria, ( 340-316 B.C.), SNG Keckman 436-440, AR-Didrachm, PΟΔΙΟΝ, Flower, E+Grapes to left, Rare!,
avers: No legend, Head of Helios facing slightly to right.
revers: PΟΔΙΟΝ, Rose with bud right, ΡOΔION above, bunch of grapes in field left, E below.
exerg: E/-//--, diameter: 17-22mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rhodes, Islands off Caria, E+Grapes, date: 340-316 B.C., ref: Ashton Colossus series 1a, pl.XV 21, SNG Keckman I, 436-440, Sammlung Karl 408-411.,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
00177Q00.JPG
Rhodes, Caria. (Circa 305-275 BC)34 viewsAR Didrachm

18 mm, 6.41 g

Obverse: Helios head in three-quarter view on the right.

Reverse: POΔΙΟΝ (RODION) above and Ε-Υ to left and right of rose with bud to right; in left field, bunch of grapes.

SNG Keckman 452; R. Ashton in: Money and Its Uses in the Ancient Greek World (Oxford 2001), p. 104, 158; H. Troxell, The Norman Davis Collection, ANS 1969, #228.

This coin was minted either during or in the years following one of the most notable sieges of antiquity, when, in the midst of the Successor Wars, Demetrius Poliorcetes, son of Antigonus I, besieged Rhodes in an attempt to make it abandon its neutrality and close relationship with Ptolemy I.

The citizens of Rhodes were successful in resisting Demetrius; after one year he abandoned the siege and signed a peace agreement (304 BC) which Demetrius presented as a victory because Rhodes agreed to remain neutral in his war with Ptolemy (Egypt).

Several years later the Helepolis (Demetrius' famed siege tower), which had been abandoned, had its metal plating melted down and - along with the money from selling the remains of the siege engines and equipment left behind by Demetrius - was used to erect a statue of their sun god, Helios, now known as the Colossus of Rhodes, to commemorate their heroic resistance.
1 commentsNathan P
Rhodos.jpg
Rhodos - AR didrachm9 viewsc. 316 - 304 BC
Helios head facing slightly right
rose, grape cluster left, bud to the right
POΔION
E
Ashton, Colossus Series 1b. SNG Keckman 445
ex Savoca
Johny SYSEL
58956q00.jpg
Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 304 - 275 B.C.68 viewsSH58956. Silver didrachm, Ashton Rhodes 160, SNG Keckman 461, SNG Cop 730, gF, Rhodos mint, weight 5.954g, maximum diameter 20.1mm, die axis 0o, c. 304 - 275 B.C.; obverse head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse RODION, rose with bud right, jug and EY left1 commentsNick T
caracalla_AR-drachm_ex-CNG_01_95%-obv~1.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Caracalla, Caesarea, Cappadocia - AR Drachm - ex CNG108 viewsRoman Empire
Caracalla Silver Drachm of Caesarea, Cappadocia.
Struck year 17 (208 - 209 AD).
Titles in Greek.

obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Mount Argaeus surmounted by star; crescent in left field.

ex CNG
Weight: 3.15 grams
Reference: Syderham 476c

**Notes: One of the photos of this coin is being used as the example of the specific type on wildwinds.com.**
4 commentsrexesq
0561-410.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS, EGYPT, Octadrachm, Emmet Plate Coin135 viewsThis coin is the Emmet plate coin for the type
Alexandria mint, AD 296-297
ΔOMITI-ANOC CEB, Radiate bust of Domitius right
No legend, Serapis going right, LB in field (regnal year 2)
12.79 gr
Ref : Emmet, Alexandrian coins #4241/2, RCV # 12982 (2000), Sear # 4801 var (It's actually an hexadrachm in Sear)
Domitius Domitianus, stationed in Egypt, rebelled against Diocletianus in july 296 AD and was proclaimed emperor. He was defeated during spring 297 AD. Diocletian decided to close the alexandrian mint, so the coins of Domitianus are the last provincial coins from Alexandria. Also, Domitianus was the only ruler to strike octadrachms (in parallel with didrachms, tetradrachms and hexadrachms)

For more information, see, in english : http://www.forumancientcoins.com/numiswiki/view.asp?key=Domitius%20Domitianus or "en français" http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=54339.0
1 commentsPotator II
0561-410~1.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS, Octadrachm, EMMET, Alexandrian coins - # 4241/2144 viewsDOMITIUS DOMITIANUS, EGYPT, Octadrachm
Alexandria mint, AD 296-297
ΔOMITI-ANOC CEB, Radiate bust of Domitius right
No legend, Serapis going right, LB in field (regnal year 2)
12.79 gr
Ref : Emmet, Alexandrian coins #4241/2, RCV # 12982 (2000), Sear # 4801 var (It's actually an hexadrachm in Sear)
Domitius Domitianus, stationed in Egypt, rebelled against Diocletianus in july 296 AD and was proclaimed emperor. He was defeated during spring 297 AD. Diocletian decided to close the alexandrian mint, so the coins of Domitianus are the last provincial coins from Alexandria. Also, Domitianus was the only ruler to strike octadrachms (in parallel with didrachms, tetradrachms and hexadrachms)

For more information, see, in english : http://www.forumancientcoins.com/numiswiki/view.asp?key=Domitius%20Domitianus or "en français" http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=54339.0
1 commentsPotator II
Q__Nasidius.jpg
ROMAN IMPERATORS, Sextus Pompeius/Q. Nasidius411 viewsDenarius (grs 3,92 and 19 mm) from one of the admirals of Sextus Pompeius. Main hypot. for issuance : 44-43 BC in Massalia (other : mint moving with Sextus in Sicily around 40 BC).
Obverse: Head looking right of Cn. Pompeius Magnus ; bef. trident ; below, dolphin ; behind, NEPTUNI.
Reverse : galley sailing right ; above, star ; below, Q. NASIDIUS.
Crawford 483/2. Sydenham 1350. Sear (Imp.) 235. Babelon Pompeia 28 (p. 354, vol. 2).
Again (see the didrachm from Akragas) the clear advantage of concavity for the reverse (with no neg. impacts on the observe).
12 commentslabienus
116099.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC - AR Didrachm - Crawford 13/19 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous, 310-300 (c. 295?) BCE.
AR Didrachm (7.13g; 21mm).
Mint in Central Italy (Neapolis?).

Obverse: Head of Mars, bearded, in crested Corinthian helmet, facing left; oak spray behind.

Reverse: Bridled horse head facing right; [ROMANO] on base below; wheat stalk behind.

References: Crawford 13/1; HNI 266; Sydenham 1; BMCRR (Romano-Campanian) 1-4.

Provenance: Ex vAuctions Sale 343 (6 Dec 2019) Lot 155; Pegasi Auction VI (8 April 2002), Lot 316.

This coin is part of the very first series of Didrachms produced in the name of Rome. It was a small issue, with only four obverse dies and fifteen reverse dies currently known. In 1974’s Roman Republican Coinage, Crawford assigned the issue to 280-276, however, subsequent evidence and scholarship caused him to reassign the coins to 310-300 BCE. Later scholars, including Rutter in Historia Numorum Italy (2001) have concurred with this revised dating. In a recent tweet, Professor Liv Yarrow announced that her forthcoming book will propose a more recent date of c. 295 BCE; we’ll have to wait for her book to see the evidence to support this re-dating.

While these didrachms bore the inscription ROMANO, they were not struck in Rome and didn’t really circulate in Rome! They were likely produced in Naples or some other nearby mint for a particular purpose. In Coinage & Money Under the Roman Republic (1985), Crawford proposed that the purpose for the issue was the construction of the Appian Way from Rome to Capua, begun in 312 BCE. If Professor Yarrow's proposed later dating is correct, the purpose would need to be reconsidered. The average weight and purity of these coins is consistent with contemporaneous Neapolitan standards, and the fabric of the coins is also consistent with Neapolitan silver issues.

The ROMANO inscription may have been either an abbreviation of the genitive plural ROMANORVM (“of the Romans”) or dative ROMANO (“by the Romans”) either of which would be similar grammar to Greek coin inscriptions.
2 commentsCarausius
1521986941692724409721.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC - AR Didrachm - Crawford 20/150 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous, 269-266 BCE.
AR Didrachm (7.28g; 21mm).
Uncertain mint.

Obv: Diademed head of youthful Hercules facing right, with lion skin and club over shoulder.

Rev: She-Wolf suckling the twins, Romulus & Remus; ROMANO in exergue.

References: Crawford 20/1; Sydenham 6; BMCRR (Romano-Campanian) 28-33.

Provenance: Ex Dr. Walter F. Stoeklin Collection [Nomos AG eSale 9 (25 Mar 2018) Lot 2]; Adolph Hess Auction (19 Dec 1933), Lot 3.

The earliest Roman Didrachm coinage commenced in the late fourth century BCE. While earliest didrachms bore the inscription ROMANO, they were not struck in Rome and didn’t really circulate in Rome! The earliest didrachms were likely produced in Naples or some other nearby mint. Kenneth Harl, in "Coinage in the Roman Economy" theorizes that Roman didrachms were likely valued at 10 asses and were possibly called “denarii” in their day.

This coin is from the large, third issue of didrachms produced around the time of the Pyrrhic War, circa 269 BCE. In "Natural History", Pliny wrote that the Romans first struck silver coins “in the 485th year of the city, when Q. Ogulnius and C. Fabius were consuls, five years before the First Punic War [=269 BC].” (NH 33.42-44) Some surmise that Pliny’s now infamous text refers to the above coin type. Pliny’s text confounded for generations the determination by Roman numismatists of the introduction date for the denarius, with many scholars interpreting his statement as evidence for an early introduction; that “literal” theory having been disproven by Thomsen’s analysis in “Early Roman Coinage” and the indisputable evidence of the destruction level finds at Morgantina.

In "Roman Republican Coinage", Michael Crawford assigned this type to the Rome mint, but Crawford turned non-committal regarding the mint in his later book, Coinage and Money Under the Roman Republic. Previous scholars (Babelon, Grueber, Sydenham) had attributed this series to Campania. The reverse bears the first depiction of the she-wolf and suckling twins on a Roman coin, representing the mythical founding of Rome. The emblematic nature of this scene likely influenced the mint assignment by some researchers. Indeed, subsequent coins bearing this scene have similarly been assigned to Rome by some authors, perhaps without justification, based on the “Roman” character of the scene – notably the Eagle/Wolf and Twins AE Sextans (Crawford 39/3) of the semi-libral reduction in 217-215 BCE, which I believe is likely a Campanian product. There would be countless more such depictions of the wolf and twins on Roman coins during the ensuing centuries [Crawford 183; Crawford 235/1; Antoninus Pius; Maxentius; Constantine “commemoratives”, etc.]. According to Pliny, Q. Ogulnius was a consul when this coin was likely first produced, and the reverse may allude to the wolf and twins statue erected in Rome by Ogulnius’ grandfather and great uncle, the brothers Quintus and Gnaeus Ogulnius, in 296 BCE.
2 commentsCarausius
Didrachm25-1.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC - AR Didrachm - Crawford 25/127 viewsRome. The Republic.
Anonymous, 241-235 BCE.
AR Didrachm (6.62g; 19mm).
Rome Mint.

Obverse: Helmeted head of beardless Mars with crested Corinthian helmet decorated with gryphon, facing right.

Reverse: Bridled horse head facing right; sickle to left; ROMA below.

References: Crawford 25/1; Sydenham 24; BMCRR (Romano-Campanian) 57.

Provenance: Ex Ed Waddell inventory #7484 (c. 1985).

This didrachm series is the first Roman silver coinage to bear the inscription ROMA, a change from the earlier ROMANO inscriptions. The early ROMANO inscriptions may have been either an abbreviation of the genitive plural ROMANORVM (“of the Romans”) or dative ROMANO (“by the Romans”) either of which would be similar grammar to Greek coin inscriptions. The move to the nominative case ROMA, may have been a simple shift to Roman/Latin usage consistent with the coinage taking on a more “Roman” character, as minting activity had moved from southern Italy to Rome many years before. The sickle symbol on the reverse, as well as common devices across denominations, links this didrachm issue to contemporaneous Roman bronze coinage also bearing the sickle. This marks the first time in the emerging Roman coinage that a clear-intentioned, bi-metallic series emission can be established.
3 commentsCarausius
00508q00-630x_.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC - AR Didrachm - Crawford 26/171 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous, 234-231 BCE.
AR Didrachm (6.74g; 20mm).

Obv: Laureate head of Apollo facing right.

Rev: Horse rearing left; ROMA above.

Reference: Crawford 26/1; Sydenham 27.

Provenance: Ex Kuenker (25 Sep 2017) Lot 508; ex Bernhard Terletzkli Collection; ex Dr. Hagen Tronnier Collection; ex Kunker Auction 94 (2004), Lot 1650; ex Auctiones 10 (1979), Lot 303.
4 commentsCarausius
2641502l.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC - AR Didrachm - Quadrigatus (Crawford 29/3)51 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous, 225-214 BCE
AR Didrachm/Quadrigatus (6.91g; 22mm).

Obv: Janiform head.

Rev: Jupiter and Victory in quadriga galloping right; beneath, ROMA in relief on raised tablet.

Reference: Crawford 29/3; Sydenham 64d

Provenance: ex Numismatik Lanz 163 (7 Dec 2016), Lot 154; Gorny & Mosch 69 (1994), Lot 493.

The last few series of Roman silver didrachm coinage, produced from 225-214 BCE, are nicknamed "quadrigati" because of the common reverse type of Jupiter and Victory in a fast quadriga. Crawford's arrangement of quadrigati into distinct series requires a great amount of study to understand. Collectors and dealers alike often misattribute quadrigati among Crawford's series.

This example is from the Crawford 29 series, recognizable by the "V" neck truncation on the Janiform head, and the ROMA inscription in relief on a trapezoidal tablet. Crawford also recognized an incuse variety of this series, again with a fully-trapezoidal tablet. Crawford 29 series flans are generally well made.
5 commentsCarausius
quadrigatus30combined.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC - AR Didrachm - Quadrigatus (Crawford 30/1)63 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous, 225-214 BCE.
AR Didrachm/Quadrigatus (6.29 g; 21mm).
Rome Mint.

Obverse: Janiform head with irregular neck truncaction.

Reverse: Jupiter and Victory in fast quadriga, galloping right; ROMA incuse on trapezoidal tablet below.

Reference: Crawford 30/1; Sydenham 64b; BMCRR 95; Gentilehomme I.E.3-4.

Provenance: From an American collection; privately purchased from Tom McKenna in 1980's.

The last few series of Roman silver didrachm coinage, produced from 225-214 BCE, are nicknamed "quadrigati" because of the common reverse type of Jupiter and Victory in a fast quadriga. Crawford's arrangement of quadrigati into distinct series requires a great amount of study to understand. Collectors and dealers alike often misattribute quadrigati among Crawford's series.

The Crawford 30 series of quadrigati, to which this example belongs, have a distinct obverse style, notably a thick, single sideburn between the janiform heads with various neck truncation styles ranging from straight – wavy – convex. On the reverse, Victory stands further back, on the backboard of the chariot with more of her garment visible. ROMA legend is always incuse on this series, though tablets range from square to trapezoidal.
5 commentsCarausius
15298628759841071975609.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC - AR Didrachm - Quadrigatus (Crawford 42/1) - VERY RARE14 viewsRome. The Republic.
Corn-Ear Series, 214-212 BCE.
AR Didrachm-Quadrigatus (6.82g; 21mm).
Unknown Sicilian Mint.

Obverse: Laureate Janiform head of the Dioscuri.

Reverse: Jupiter and Victory in fast quadriga galloping right; corn ear below; ROMA in linear frame in exergue.

References: Crawford 42/1; Sydenham 66 (R8); BMCRR 108.

Provenance: Ex Naville Numismatics 41 (24 Jun 2018) Lot 389; ex NAC 50 (4 Apr 2011), Lot 1729; purchased from Freeman & Sear, before 2011.

The last few series of Roman silver didrachm coinage, produced from 225-212 BCE, are nicknamed "quadrigati" because of the common reverse type of Jupiter and Victory in a fast quadriga. Crawford's arrangement of quadrigati into distinct series requires a great amount of study to understand. Collectors and dealers alike often misattribute quadrigati among Crawford's series.

The Crawford 42 series of quadrigati, to which this example belongs, is the rarest of all the quadrigati series. In his study of the 42 series quadrigati, Charles Hersh could only locate 33 examples of the type. Based on the corn-ear control symbol, the series was likely struck somewhere in Sicily, perhaps during Rome’s Second Punic War offensive against Syracuse, from 214-212 BCE. While Crawford puts this series last in order of his various quadrigati series, it is likely they were produced near the same time as the debased, lightweight quadrigati that ended the Crawford 28 series. The coins are generally of debased style and metal, thought their weight is good, and in this regard they are similar to Crawford 31 quadrigati. Stylistically, the series 42 quadrigati typically display well-defined, separated “J”-shaped sideburns, with horizontal hairs, on the Janiform head. Neck truncations range from open C curve (as on this example) to straight and V truncations. On the reverse, Jupiter's thunderbolt is entirely within the line border, angle of the horses is on tbe low-side, and ROMA is always in relief in a linear frame. The type usually has a corn-ear on the reverse beneath the quadriga; however, “anonymous” versions of this series, without corn-ears but stylistically identical to the corn-eared coins, are known.
Carausius
Didrachm31.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC - AR Didrachm-Quadrigatus (Crawford 31/1)15 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous, 225-214 BCE.
AR Didrachm/Quadrigatus (6.81g; 20mm).
Rome Mint (?)

Obv: Janiform head with V neck truncation; pellet beneath neck.

Rev: Jupiter and Victory in quadriga galloping right; beneath, ROMA semi-incuse on raised tablet.

Reference: Crawford 31/1; Sydenham 64c; BMC 100; Gentilhomme Class B, 5th Variety, No. 103 (Plate 3, No 1 and Plate 2, No 9).

Provenance: Ex Freeman and Sear, 2003.

The last few series of Roman silver didrachm coinage, produced from 225-214 BCE, are nicknamed "quadrigati" because of the common reverse type of Jupiter and Victory in a fast quadriga. Crawford's arrangement of quadrigati into distinct series requires a great amount of study to understand. Collectors and dealers alike often misattribute quadrigati among Crawford's series.

Crawford 31 series didrachms are generally of weak style, low relief and debased metal. The series is recognizable by the Janiform head with a “V” neck truncation, sideburns forking into four, distinct tendrils, and either with or without a pellet control mark below the neck. Although not catalogued separately by Crawford, I find that there are two distinct varieties of Crawford 31 didrachms: the first with a pellet below the Janiform neck and an incuse or semi-incuse ROMA inscription; the second with no pellet below the neck and ROMA in relief within a linear frame. The above coin is the first variety, showing the pellet and semi-incuse inscription. I believe the two should be recognized as separate and distinct varieties within the same series. The meaning of the obverse pellet is unclear, but it may be a control mark indicating the workshop or source of the silver for the issue. Crawford attributes the series to the Rome Mint; however, given the debased metal, fabric and mediocre style common to the series, it’s also possible that the series was struck by a military mint or Italian satellite mint early in the Second Punic War.
Carausius
Anonymous_Didrachm_-_Quadrigatus.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Anonymous - Quadrigatus/Didrachm337 viewsAnonymous. 225-212 BC. AR Quadrigatus (6.72 g, 3h). Uncertain mint. Laureate head of Janus, wearing slight beard, slightly wavy truncation / ROMA incuse on raised tablet in exergue, Jupiter, holding thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left, in fast quadriga driven right by Victory. Crawford 30/1; Hersh, Quadrigatus -; Sydenham 64b var. (no slight beard); cf. Kestner 108 var. (same); cf. BMCRR Romano-Campanian 93; RSC 23.
11 commentscarthago
AnDid~0.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Anonymous - Quadrigatus/Didrachm154 viewsAnonymous. Silver Didrachm (6.80g, 22.5mm), ca. 225-214 BC. Uncertain mint.

O: Laureate head of Janus (Dioscuri?), two annulets atop head.
R: ROMA incuse on solid tablet in exergue, Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter, in galloping quadriga right driven by Victory. - Described in listing as Cr. 29, 3 Syd. 65
6 commentsNemonater
PegasusLitraCombined.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Anonymous Club Series, AE Double Litra - Crawford 27/37 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous Club Series, circa 230 BCE.
AE Double Litra (7.35g; 20mm).
Rome Mint.

Obverse: Youthful head of Hercules in lion skin headdress, facing right; club below.

Reverse: Pegasus flying to right; club behind; ROMA below.

References: Crawford 27/3; Sydenham 7; BMCRR (Romano-Campanian) 51-2; Historia Numorum Italy 316.

Provenance: Ex CNG eSale 453 (2 Oct 2019) Lot 452; David Freedman Collection [CNG 61 (25 Sep 2002) Lot 4].

This is among the earlies struck Roman bronze coinage to be issued in concert with Roman silver coinage. Both the 27/1 Didrachm and this AE Double Litra (and its related Litra) share a common club symbol on obverse and reverse. The dating for this type has been in flux, with Crawford choosing a later date of 230-226 BCE while Burnett recently assigned a date just before 230 BCE.
1 commentsCarausius
Litra25combined.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Anonymous, AE Litra - Crawford 25/318 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous. 241-235 BCE.
AE Litra (2.67g; 15mm).
Rome Mint.

Obverse: Beardless head of Mars in crested Corinthian helmet, facing right.

Reverse: Bridled horse head facing right; sickle behind; ROMA below.

References: Crawford 25/3; Sydenham 26; BMCRR (Romano-Campanian) 64-67.

Provenance: Ex Volteia Collection.

This series is the first Roman coinage to bear the inscription ROMA, a change from the earlier ROMANO inscriptions. The early ROMANO inscriptions may have been either an abbreviation of the genitive plural ROMANORVM (“of the Romans”) or dative ROMANO (“by the Romans”) either of which would be similar grammar to Greek coin inscriptions. The move to the nominative case ROMA, may have been a simple shift to Roman/Latin usage consistent with the coinage taking on a more “Roman” character, as minting activity had moved from southern Italy to Rome many years before. The sickle symbol on the reverse, as well as common devices across denominations, links this issue to contemporaneous Roman silver didrachms also bearing the sickle. This marks the first time in the emerging Roman coinage that a clear-intentioned, bi-metallic series emission can be established.
Carausius
15609101635682810728644357871581.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Anonymous, AE Litra - Crawford 27/210 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous, 230-226 BCE.
AE Litra (3.58g; 18mm).
Rome Mint.

Obverse: Mars head facing right, beardless with Corinthian helmet; club behind.

Reverse: Horse rearing to right; club above; ROMA below.

References: Crawford 27/2; Sydenham 23a; BMCRR (Rom-Camp) 53.

Provenance: Ex Nomisma E-Live Auction 10 (18 Jun 2019) Lot 7; Numismatica Gino Marchesi.

This is one of the last series of struck bronzes issued by the Roman Republic before the introduction of standard "prow" types on the aes grave circa 225 BCE. Unlike many prior struck bronze issues, this coin is related to a contemporaneous issue of silver didrachms which bears the same devices and club symbol.
Carausius
RR_Quadrigatus.JPG
Roman Republic, c. 225 - 212 BC, Anonymous AR quadrigatus (didrachm)128 viewsObverse:laureate beardless head of Janus, straight neck truncation.
Reverse: ROMA, Jupiter in quadriga r. driven by Victory
18.8 mm, 6.18 grams.
Reference: Crawford 28/3.
Rare.

EX; RBW collection of Roman Republican Coins.

*Note from Andrew McCabe : From style it looks like a Punic war issue, probably dating to around 215 BC.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
4 commentsSam
39sextanscombined.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Collateral Semilibral Struck AE Sextans - Crawford 399 viewsRome. The Republic.
Semilibral Reduction, 217-215 BCE.
Æ Sextans (24.15 grams; 30 mm).
Uncertain Italian Mint.

She-wolf facing right, head turned left, suckling the twins, Romulus & Remus; ●● (mark-of-value) below.

Reverse: Eagle facing right with flower in beak; ROMA to right; ●● (mark-of-value) behind.

References: Crawford 39/3; Sydenham 95; BMCRR (Romano-Campanian) 120-124.

Provenance: Ex Goldberg 87 (15 Sep 2015), Lot 2084; Sternberg XXII (20-21 Nov 1989), Lot 173.

Crawford attributes the 39 series to the Rome Mint, circa 217-215 BCE. While I agree with the dating, I question the mint attribution. They are among the earliest Roman struck bronze coins intended for use in central Italy. Previously, Roman struck bronzes were generally intended for use in Magna Graecia, while the cast bronze Aes Grave were used in Rome and central Italy.

The types in this series are beautiful, bold and unusual, and, excluding the Hercules/bull Quadrans type, were never wholly repeated in subsequent Roman Republican bronze series. The types are entirely pro-Roman, at a time that the Republic was in dire straits under threat of Hannibal’s invasion. This Sextans depicts the favorable founding of Rome, with the She-wolf suckling the City’s mythical founders, Romulus and Remus, on one side, and a powerful eagle bringing them additional nourishment or good omen on the other. This is the first depiction of the Wolf and Twins on a Roman bronze coin, the scene previously being depicted on a silver didrachm circa 269 BCE (Crawford 20/1).
Carausius
m54723.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Collateral Semilibral Struck AE Sextans - Crawford 3914 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous (Semilibral) Series, 217-215 BCE.
AE Sextans (25.91g; 29mm).
Uncertain Italian Mint.

Obverse: She-wolf facing right, head turned left, suckling the twins, Romulus & Remus; ●● (mark-of-value) below.

Reverse: Eagle facing right with flower in beak; ROMA to right; ●● (mark-of-value) behind.

References: Crawford 39/3; Sydenham 95; BMCRR (Romano-Campanian) 120-124; RBW 107.

Provenance: Ex Reinhold Faelton Collection [Stack's (20-2 Jan 1938) Lot 923]; Otto Helbing Auction (24 Oct 1927) Lot 3267.

The economic hardship imposed by Hannibal’s invasion led to a rapid decline in the weight of Roman bronze coins, resulting in the adoption of a semi-libral bronze standard (AE As of ½ Roman pound) and eventual elimination of cast coins. From 217-215, Rome produced two, contemporaneous series of struck bronzes on this new, semi-libral weight standard. From hoard evidence, we know the first of the two series was Crawford 38, consisting of “prow” types derived from the libral and semi-libral prow Aes Grave (Crawford 35 and 36) that preceded it. These "prow" coins were almost certainly produced in Rome and likely also in satellite military mints as needed. The second series of struck semi-libral bronzes was the enigmatic Crawford 39 series, with its unusual types, production of which commenced after the start of the 38 Series prow-types (hoards containing 39s almost always include 38s) and produced in much smaller numbers than the huge 38 Series.

The types on the Crawford 39 series are entirely pro-Roman, at a time that the Republic was in dire straits under threat of Hannibal’s invasion. This Sextans depicts the favorable founding of Rome, with the She-wolf suckling the City’s mythical founders, Romulus and Remus, on one side, and a powerful eagle bringing them additional nourishment or good omen on the other. This is the first depiction of the Wolf and Twins on a Roman bronze coin, the scene previously being depicted on a silver didrachm circa 269 BCE (Crawford 20/1).

Reinhold Faelton (1856 - 1949) was a musician, composer, the Dean and founder in 1897 of the Faelton Pianoforte School of Boston, Massachusetts, and a coin collector for over 50 years. His collection of ancient coins was sold by Stacks in January 1938. This Stack's catalogue was one of the earliest to feature photographs of actual ancient coins in the plates, rather than photos of plaster casts of the coins (which was the standard at the time). The resulting plates were mixed-quality but mostly poor, making it an arduous task to use this catalogue for provenance matching.
1 commentsCarausius
0010-010a.JPG
Roman republic, Didrachm704 viewsDidrachm struck in Rome, circa 269-266 BC
Obv : diademed head of Hercules right, wearing lion's skin and with club on shoulder
Rev : ROMANO at exergue. She-wolf suckling Remus and Romulus
7.29 gr
Ref : RCV # 24

This silver didrachm is supposed to be the first silver coinage struck under the authority of the roman republic. Mr Crawford found 136 ex of this coin, with 18 different dies for the obverse and 24 for reverse
2 commentsPotator II
untitled.png
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Didrachm - Quadrigatus (Crawford 28/3)21 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous, 225-214 BCE.
AR Didrachm/Quadrigatus (7.25 g; 21mm).
Apulian Mint.

Obv: Janiform head with straight neck truncaction.

Rev: Jupiter and Victory on fast quadriga, right; ROMA in relief within linear frame below.

Reference: Crawford 28/3; Sydenham 65; BMCRR 101; Gentilehomme II.B.1.

Provenance: Ex NAC 92 (24 May 2016), Lot 1517.

The last few series of Roman silver didrachm coinage, produced from 225-214 BCE, are nicknamed "quadrigati" because of the common reverse type of Jupiter and Victory in a fast quadriga. Crawford's arrangement of quadrigati into distinct series requires a great amount of study to understand. Collectors and dealers alike often misattribute quadrigati among Crawford's series.

The Crawford 28 series of quadrigati, to which this example belongs, really should be split into two separate series. The first (early) series of 28s are almost certainly the earliest of the quadrigatus coinage - struck in good silver and of fine style in high relief with ROMA incuse in a rectangular tablet. The second (later) series of 28s, shown here, is of lower quality style and fabric; the neck truncation is wide and straight; ROMA is in relief in a linear frame. Like other Apulian coins, they typically show tabs or other signs of cast flan production, visible here at 2h reverse.
1 commentsCarausius
caracalla_AR-drachm_ex-CNG_01_95%-obv~0.JPG
Roman, Caracalla - Caesarea, Cappadocia - AR Drachm208 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Caracalla Silver Drachm of Caesarea, Cappadocia.
Struck year 17 (208 - 209 AD)
Titles in Greek.

obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Mount Argaeus surmounted by star; crescent in left field.

ex CNG
Weight: 3.15 grams
Reference: Syderham 476c
8 commentsrexesq
1495_Rome_didrachm.jpg
Rome - AR Didrachm11 views225-217 BC
laureate head of Janus
Jupiter and Victory in quadriga right. Jupiter holding thunderbolt and scepter, Victory holding reins
ROMA
Crawford 34/1, Albert: 90.
ex Dionysos
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
VespasianNike.jpg
RPC 1648 Vespasian Didrachm135 viewsAVTOKPA KAICAP OVECPACIANOC CEBACTOC
Laureate head right

NIKH CEBACTH
Nike advancing right on elongated base, holding wreath & palm.

Caesaria, Cappadocia

77-78 AD

6.99g

RPC II 1648

Rare

Ex-Londinium
5 commentsJay GT4
VespTitus.jpg
RPC 1650 Vespasian & Titus Didrachm137 viewsAVTOKPA KAICAP OVECPACIANOC CEBACTOC
laureate head of Vespasian right

AVTO KAI OVECPACIANOC CEBACTOV VIOC
laureate head of Titus right.

Caesarea, Cappadocia.
78 AD

7.2g

RPC 1650, Metcalf 4.

Ex-Calgary Coins
7 commentsJay GT4
RPC_II_1645_Vespasianus.jpg
RPC II 1645 Vespasianus36 viewsObv: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYECΠACIANOC CEBACTOC, Laureate bust of Vespasian right
Rev: ΔOMITIANOC KAICAP CEBAC YIO ET Θ, Domitian standing, left, holding branch
AR/Didrachm (21.09 mm 5.377 g 6h) Struck in Caesarea (Cappadocia) 76-77 A.D. "Roman style"
RPC II 1645, Metcalf 6c
ex Naville Numismatics Live Auction 20 lot 345
2 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RPC_II_1649_Vespasianus.jpg
RPC II 1649 Vespasianus44 viewsObv : AYTOKPA KAICAP OYECΠACIANOC CEBACTOC, Laureate bust of Vespasian right
Rev : TITOC AYTOKPATWP KAICAP ETOYC Θ,Titus in military dress, standing facing, holding spear and sword
AR/Didrachm (21.74 mm 6.54 g 12h) Struck in Caesarea Eusebia (Cappadocia) 76-77 A D
RPC 1649, Metcalf 5a
4 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RPC_II_1663_Domitianus-Domitia.jpg
RPC II 1663 Domitianus-Domitia55 viewsObv : AYT KAI ΔOMIT ΣEBACTOC ΓEPM ΔOMITIA CEBACTH, Laureate head of Domitian right confronted with diademed head of Domitia left
Rev : ετο ΙΓ, Mount Argaeus; on summit, radiate figure standing, left, globe in right hand, sceptre in left hand
AR/Didrachm (21.73 mm 6.26 g 6h) Struck in Rome (for Cappadocia) 93-94 A.D.
RPC 1663
3 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RPC_II_1665_Domitianus.jpg
RPC II 1665 Domitianus102 viewsObv: AYT KAI ΔOMITIANOC CЄBACTOC ΓЄPM, laureate head of Domitian right
Rev: ΔOMITIA CEBACTH, Draped bust of Domitia right
AR/Didrachm (22.27 mm 6.380 gr 6h) Struck in Rome for circulation in Cappadocia in 93-94 A.D.
RPC II 1665, Metcalf 27.
ex Numismatik Naumann Auction 71 Lot 370
7 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RPC_II_1666_Domitianus.jpg
RPC II 1666 Domitianus65 viewsObv: AYT KAI ΔOMITIANOC CEBACTOC ΓEPM, Laureate head right
Rev: No legend, Emperor in quadriga, right, holding laurel branch in right hand, sceptre in left hand
AR/Didrachm (21.67 mm 6.92 g 6h) Struck in Rome (for Cappadocia) 93-94 A D
RPC 1666, BMC 33, Metcalf 20
ex CNG Printed Auction 69 lot 1186
5 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RPC_II_1671_Domitianus.jpg
RPC II 1671 Domitianus45 viewsObv : AYT KAI ΔOMITIANOC ΣEBACTOC ΓEPM, Laureate head right
Rev : ετο ΙΓ, Nike advancing right, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left hand
AR/Didrachm (21.56 mm 6.59 g 6 h) Struck in Rome (for Cappadocia) 93-94 A.D.
RPC 1671, Metcalf 25 (129-150)
2 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RPC_II_1672_Domitianus.jpg
RPC II 1672 Domitianus32 viewsObv : AYT KAI ΔOMITIANOC ΣEBACTOC ΓEPM, Laureate head right
Rev : ετο ΙΓ, Mount Argaeus; on summit, radiate figure standing, left, globe in right hand, sceptre in left hand
AR/Didrachm (22.03 mm 5.76 g 6h) Struck in Rome (for Cappadocia) 93-94 A.D.
RPC 1672 - Metcalf 26 (53-62)
1 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RPC1636.jpg
RPC-1636-Vespasian126 viewsAR Drachm, 3.04g
Rome mint (for Cappadocia), 73-74 AD
Obv: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC; head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: ЄYOYC ЄKTOY; Mt Argaeus; on summit, radiate figure standing l., globe in r. hand, sceptre in l. hand
RPC 1636 (6 spec.).
Ex Bertolami E-Live auction 41, 30 April 2017, lot 259.

The mint at Rome struck silver drachms and didrachms for circulation in Cappadocia. They normally can be distinguished from the local issues by style and their 6 o'clock die axis (local is 12 o'clock). Here we have a Rome mint drachm in good style featuring a reverse that would be appealing to the provincials it is intended for. Oddly, the die axis is 12 o'clock. It's a double die match with Paris 258 (RPC plate coin), I wonder if it too has the incorrect die axis?

Strabo described the mountain as such: It's 'the highest of mountains whose peak is constantly covered with snow ...given good visibility, anyone who climbs this mountain - and not many do- are supposed to see both seas, the Pontus and the Issikos'.

The above reverse perhaps does not relay the grandeur of the actual peak, possibly being a representation of a cult picture, or agalma, of the mountain - but it's a fascinating reverse type produced by Roman engravers who may never have laid eyes on the beautiful volcano.

Although a bit under weight, struck in fine 'Roman' style and good metal.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC1642.jpg
RPC-1642-Vespasian82 viewsAR Didrachm, 5.67g
Rome mint (for Cappadocia), 76-77 AD
Obv: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: ΠATHP ΠATPIΔOC; Mt Argaeus; on summit, radiate figure standing, l., globe in r. hand, sceptre in l. hand
RPC 1642 (8 spec.).
Acquired from MNS, September 2015.

Rome struck a series of silver coins consisting of drachms and didrachms for circulation in Cappadocia during the middle of Vespasian's reign. This didrachm from regnal year 9 has the very ethnic reverse type of Mt Argaeus. These Rome issues can be distinguished from the local issues both by style and die axis - the Rome issues having a 6 o'clock die axis and the local issues a 12 o'clock die axis.

A fantastic portrait of Vespasian, slightly marred by the scratch and heavy wear.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC1645a.jpg
RPC-1645-Vespasian83 viewsAR Didrachm, 6.39g
Rome mint (for Cappadocia), 76-77 AD
Obv: AVTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: ΔOMITIANOC KAICAP CЄB YIO ЄT Θ; Domitian standing, l., holding branch
RPC 1645 (4 spec.).
Ex Savoca Coins, eBay, February 2017.

A fairly large issue of silver coins were struck for Cappadocia in 76/77 AD. There are two distinct styles: "Roman" (6 o'clock die axis) struck at Rome for Cappadocia , and "local" (12 o'clock die axis) struck at Caesarea. Both issues were struck at the same time and used the same reverse types. Here is a 'Roman' style didrachm of the Domitian Caesar reverse type. The coins from Rome are far less common than those coined in Cappadocia, so it appears the Rome issues were struck to 'top off' the supply of coins to the province. The issue shows a high degree of coordination between the imperial and provincial authorities. The reverse of Domitian Caesar is considered a 'dynastic' type and indicates the importance Vespasian held for his youngest son, despite what the senatorial historians had to say.

Struck in strong Roman style. A lovely coin in hand.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC1647.jpg
RPC-1647-Vespasian88 viewsAR Didrachm, 6.71g
Caesarea, Cappadocia mint, 76-77 AD
Obv: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: NIKH CЄBACTH; Nike standing, r., wreath in r. hand, palm in l. hand
RPC 1647 (24 spec.).
Acquired from CGB, July 2016. Ex MG Collection.

Caesarea, Cappadocia struck a fairly large issue of silver coins in 76/77 AD. There are two distinct styles: "Roman" (6 o'clock die axis) struck at Rome for Cappadocia , and "local" (12 o'clock die axis) struck at Caesarea. This didrachm, struck in local style features Nike on the reverse. There are two variants of the Nike type catalogued in RPC, one with and the other without Nike on an elongated base. This is the more common one without the elongated base. RPC consulted 24 specimens of the non base type and only 9 with the base. Oddly enough, RPC describes the non base type as Nike "standing right", as opposed to those with the base as "advancing right". Why this is so I cannot say.

Struck in hyper-veristic style similar to the denarii coined at Ephesus.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC1648.jpg
RPC-1648-Vespasian88 viewsAR Didrachm, 6.76g
Caesarea, Cappadocia mint, 76-77 AD
Obv: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: NIKH CЄBACTH; Nike on elongated base, advancing r., wreath in r. hand, palm in l. hand
RPC 1648 (9 spec.).
Ex CNG E348, 8 April 2015, lot 526.

At first glance this didrachm appears to be the common Nike type struck at Caesarea, Cappadocia, but upon closer inspection one discovers it is in fact a rare, often overlooked, variant. Nike is seen here advancing right on an elongated base (the horizontal line in exergue). The more common version of this type has no such base. RPC consulted 24 specimens of the non base type and only 9 with the base, just to illustrate how much rarer this variant is. Oddly enough, RPC describes the non base type as Nike "standing right", as opposed to those with the base as"advancing right". Why this is so I cannot say.

Struck slightly off-center in good "local" style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC1650.JPG
RPC-1650-Vespasian109 viewsAR Didrachm, 7.22g
Caesarea, Cappadocia mint, 76-77 AD
Obv: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: AYTO KAI OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOY YIOC, Head of Titus, laureate, r.
RPC 1650 (38 spec.).

Caesarea, Cappadocia struck a fairly large issue of silver coins in 76/77 AD. There are two distinct styles: "Roman" (6 o'clock die axis) struck at Rome for Cappadocia , and "local" (12 o'clock die axis) struck at Caesarea. This didrachm, struck in local style, features a portrait of Titus on the reverse and probably is the most common type minted at Caesarea. This reverse emphasised Vespasian's desire to found a dynasty with Titus as his heir and mirrors those minted at Antioch and Alexandria, evidence of how important this message was to the imperial authorities.

A coin in very fine style (similar to denarii struck at Ephesus) and struck on a thick flan with dark toning.
8 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC1651a.jpg
RPC-1651-Vespasian (1)122 viewsAR Didrachm, 6.77g
Caesarea, Cappadocia mint, 76-77 AD
Obv: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: ΔOMITIANOC KAICAP CЄB YIO ЄT Θ; Domitian standing, l., holding branch
RPC 1651 (19 spec.).
Ex Pegasi VAuction 32, 19 May 2015, lot 314.

For dynastic reasons Vespasian frequently featured his sons on the coinage, even in far-flung provinces. Here we see Domitian "son of the Augustus" togate as consul, holding an olive branch in a suggestion of peace.

Although a bit worn, it's a decent example in good "local" style, similar to the denarii struck at Ephesus.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC1651var.jpg
RPC-1651-Vespasian (2)55 viewsAR Didrachm, 6.93g
Caesarea, Cappadocia mint, 76-77 AD
Obv: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: ΔOMЄTIANOC KAICAP CЄBA YIO ЄT Θ; Domitian standing, l., holding branch
RPC 1651 var. (19 spec.).
Acquired from Forvm Ancient Coins, July 2018.

A 'local' style Cappadocian didrachm with an unusual reverse legend variant. Here we have 'ΔOMЄTIANOC' instead of 'ΔOMITIANOC', and 'CЄBA' instead of 'CЄB'. The odd spelling of Domitian's name with an 'Є' occurs only a handful of times on extremely rare bronze provincial coins. To my knowledge this variant legend is confined to just one reverse die. Nemonator has a die match in his Forvm gallery. RPC have not assigned it a separate catalogue number, but it is noted in the 2017 Addenda.

The reverse features Domitian 'son of the Augustus' togate as consul, holding an olive branch in a suggestion of peace. An interesting provincial dynastic type.

Richly toned in fine 'local' style.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC1652sm.jpg
RPC-1652-Vespasian71 viewsAR Drachm, 3.03g
Caesarea, Cappadocia mint, 76-77 AD
Obv: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: TITOC AYTOKPATWP KAICAP ЄTO Θ; Titus in military dress, stg. facing, holding spear and sword
RPC 1652 (3 spec.).
Ex Kölner 108, 7 April 2018, lot 131.

Vespasian's Cappadocian silver issues were struck in two distinct styles: Roman (six o'clock die axis) and 'local' (twelve o'clock die axis). Unsurprisingly, the Roman style coins were struck at Rome and sent to Cappadocia to help supplement the locally produced pieces. The majority of Cappadocia's silver coins were struck locally, very likely in Caesarea. Whether 'Roman' or 'local', all Cappadocian silver was produced at nearly 50% fineness. This rare drachm in 'local' style features Titus Caesar on the reverse in full military dress, perhaps a nod to his important role during the Jewish War. The type was struck for both didrachms and more sparingly for drachms. Only three specimens are cited by RPC II.

Worn, but nicely centred in fine 'local' style.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC1666.jpg
RPC-1666-Domitian88 viewsAR Didrachm, 6.38g
Rome mint (for Cappadocia), 93-94 AD
Obv: AYT KAI ΔOMITIANOC CЄBACTOC ΓЄPM; Head of Domitian, laureate, r.
Rev : No legend; emperor in quadriga, r., holding laurel branch in r. hand, sceptre in l. hand
RPC 1666 (18 spec.).
Ex Lanz, eBay, November 2017.

This is a fairly rare Cappadocian didrachm of Domitian struck late in the reign. The pronounced 'Roman' style and six o'clock die axis are clear evidence it was produced in Rome for circulation in the province. Remarkably, this reverse is the only instance of Domitian in a quadriga that was struck in silver for either the imperial or provincial issues. Naturally, one may ask for what reason is Domitian triumphing here? In May 92 Domitian left Rome for a military campaign along the Danube against the Sarmatians known as the Second Pannonian war. The conflict lasted eight months and Domitian was back in Rome by January 93. He was awarded only an ovation but not a full triumph, so it is unclear what triumph this reverse refers to.

Struck in fine late Domitianic style.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC1669.jpg
RPC-1669-Domitian81 viewsAR Didrachm, 6.70g
Rome mint (for Cappadocia), 93-94 AD
Obv: AYT KAI ΔOMITIANOC CЄBACTOC ΓЄPM; Head of Domitian, laureate, r.
Rev: ЄTO ΙΓ; Athena standing, r., holding owl in r. hand, spear in l. hand
RPC 1669 (55 spec.).
Acquired from Praefectus Coins, October 2014.

During Domitian's reign Minerva dominated the silver coinage of Rome, so it's not surprising to see her Greek guise Athena on this silver didrachm struck in Rome for distribution in Cappadocia. Here Athena can be seen holding an owl and spear, a type not minted for Minerva in Rome. Rome is attributed to be the mint by both style and the 6 o'clock die axis. This didrachm is prime evidence of some sort of central control over the precious metal issues during the Flavian era. Tariffed at 2 denarii.

Good 'Rome' style portrait
5 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC1671.jpg
RPC-1671-Domitian44 viewsAR Didrachm, 6.22g
Rome mint (for Cappadocia), 93-94 AD
Obv: AYT KAI ΔOMITIANOC CЄBACTOC ΓЄPM; Head of Domitian, laureate, r.
Rev: ЄTO ΙΓ; Nike advancing r., holding wreath in r. hand, palm in l. hand
RPC 1671 (33 spec.).
Ex Pegasi B152, 22 August 2017, lot 220 (unsold).

The style and six o'clock die axis strongly indicate this didrachm was struck in Rome for circulation in Cappadocia. Unsurprisingly, the portrait style is similar to contemporaneous denarii from Rome. Nike is one of the most common didrachm reverse types struck for the province by the Rome mint.

A worn piece, but in decent 'Roman' style.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC1672.jpg
RPC-1672-Domitian44 viewsAR Didrachm, 6.47g
Rome mint (for Cappadocia), 93-94 AD
Obv: AYT KAI ΔOMITIANOC CЄBACTOC ΓЄPM; Head of Domitian, laureate, r.
Rev: ЄTO ΙΓ; Mt Argaeus; on summit, radiate figure standing l., globe in r. hand, sceptre in l. hand
RPC 1672 (17 spec.).
Acquired from Praefectus Coins, August 2019.

During Domitian's reign, the mint at Rome struck silver drachms and didrachms for circulation in Cappadocia, all of which can be dated to 93-94 AD. They can be distinguished as Rome mint issues by style and their 6 o'clock die axis. This didrachm features the ethnic reverse type of Mt. Argaeus surmounted by a figure. The engravers at Rome presumably had never seen the mountain in person and likely based the design on a standardised model, possibly a cult image. The figure's identity atop the mountain is uncertain - perhaps it is either Helios or the personification of the mountain itself. The portrait style is similar to Domitian's contemporaneous denarii.

In good style and well centred.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC1803.jpg
RPC-1803-Vespasian55 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 12.09g
Antioch mint (for Cyprus), 75-76 AD
Obv: AYTOKPATΩP OYЄCΠACIANOC KAICAP; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: ЄTOYC NЄOY IЄPOY; Temple of Aphrodite at Paphos, in which conical xoanon; in exergue, H
RPC 1803 (17 spec.).
Ex Pegasi Numismatics VAuctions 36, 23 May 2017, lot 324

Antioch struck a small issue of tetradrachms and didrachms for Cyprus in the mid 70s AD. The reverse types are typically ethnic, such as this coin's depiction of the Temple of Aphrodite at Paphos struck in 75 or 76. The famous temple figures prominently in Flavian lore as the place where Titus Caesar received a favourable oracle from the priest Sostratus prior to Vespasian's bid for the purple. The island experienced a devastating earthquake in late 77 or early 78 that destroyed three of her major cities. The temple shown on the coin was destroyed as well, but was soon lavishly rebuilt in a similar design.

A remarkable portrait in fine 'Antiochene' style.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
FotorCreated~103.jpg
Satraps of Caria Pixodaros AR Didrachm circa 340-334 BC 20mm 6.68g 7h27 viewsHead of Apollo facing slightly right,laureate with flowing hair,chlamys fastened round neck.Rev Zeus Labraundos standing to right,clad in chiton and himation,holding double axe {labrys} over right shoulder and long spear in left,point downwards.Grant H
FotorCreated~14.jpg
Satraps of Caria Pixodaros circa 341/0-336/5 BC AR Didrachm 19mm 6.82g 12h29 viewsLaureate head of Apollo facing slightly right drapery at neck.Rev Zeus Labraundos standing right holding double bladded axe{Labrys} and Lotus-tipped scepter.Grant H
pixodaros.jpg
SATRAPS OF CARIA, Pixodaros.38 viewsCirca 341/0-336/5 BC. AR Didrachm (20mm, 6.94g, 12h). Pixodarus 11-47 (unlisted dies); Konuk, Identities 30; SNG Copenhagen 596-7. Obverse: Head of Apollo/Helios facing slightly right, wearing laurel wreath, drapery around neck. Reverse: Zeus Labraundos standing right. ΠIΞOΔAPO[Y] to right field. Good VF, toned, minor die rust.

Ex-CNG.

The Pixodaros Affair
Pixodaros was a satrap of Caria in south-western Asia Minor, the youngest brother of Maussolos, and a member of the Hecatomnid Dynasty who remained loyal to the Persian King. When Persia was in turmoil after the eunuch Bagoas murdered Artaxerxes III, in the midst of the confusion, Pixodaros decided in 337 B.C. to offer his eldest daughter’s hand in marriage to Phillip II’s son Arridaios as a diplomatic move. The pact was accepted. According to Plutarch, Phillip II’s wife Olympias and a number of Alexander’s friends conspired to convince Alexander that Philip intended to marry Arridaios to Pixodaros’ daughter as a prelude to giving him the Macedonian throne. Alexander felt that his father had left him out and decided to act on his own. He sent his friend, the famous tragic actor Thessalos, to Caria to tell Pixodaros that not only was Arridaios an illegitimate son of the Macedonian king but feeble-minded as well. To make sure that the marriage did not go ahead, Alexander offered to marry Pixodaros’ daughter himself. Pixodaros, of course, could not have asked for a better deal. When Philip found it out he was enraged and went to Alexander’s quarters and scolded his son for wanting to marry the daughter of a man “who was no more than the slave of a barbarian king”. The whole affair concluded with Philip canceling the Macedonian-Carian alliance and ordering Thessalos to be brought back to Macedon in chains, and exiled four of Alexander’s friends Erygius, Harpalos, Nearchos, and Ptolemy. Pixodaros died some time before the landing of Alexander in Asia Minor in 334 BC. He was succeeded by his son-in-law Orontobates, a Persian, who married the princess who was once supposed to have married Arridaios.

2 commentsJason T
db_file_img_165944_544x262.jpg
Satraps of Caric,Pixodaros AR Didrachm.Halikarnassos,circa 340-334 BC 20mm 6.93g 1h23 viewsLaureate head of Apollo,three quarters facing,drapery at neck.Rev Zeus Labraundos standing right,holding double axe [labrys] and lotus tipped scepter.Grant H
Segesta.jpg
Segesta - AR didrachm9 views460-440 BC
Hound standing left
Head of the nymph Segesta right, swastika behind,
SNG Fitzwilliam 1125 (same dies); Roma Num.:(E-SALE 6 lot 51; Auction XI lot 101) (same dies); SNG ANS 621 (Without Swastika); McClean 2543 (Without Swastika)
ex Roma Numismatics
ex Savoca coins
Johny SYSEL
Sicily_Selinus_SNG-ANS4_702_gf.jpg
Selinos3 viewsSicily, Selinos. 417-409 BC. AR Didrachm (7.86 gm). Herakles brandishing club and grasping charging Cretan bull, r. ΣΕΛΙ-ΝΟΝΤ-ΙΟͶ. / River god Hypsas, holding phiale and lustral branch. Alter entwined by snake to l., selinon leaf to r. over crane, ΗΥΨ-ΑΣ above. VF. SNG ANS 4 #702 (same dies), 703-705 (same obv. die); SNG Cop 1 #601; HGC 2 #1224; SNG Lloyd 1241-1266. Anaximander
9normal_Cleaned.JPG
SICILY, Gela9 viewsSicily, Gela, c. 480-470 BC, AR didrachm, 8.17g. Obv: Warrior holding spear riding horseback to right. Rev: Forepart of Acheloos Gelas as a man-faced bull to right.

Ex. Rutten and Weiland.
Molinari
SNG_Copenhagen_255.jpg
SICILY, Gela. Circa 490/85-480/75 BC. Didrachm, Silver14 views21mm, 8.19 g 1
Nude rider galloping to right, hurling spear with his raised right hand. Rev. CΕΛΑ Forepart of man-headed bull to right. SNG Copenhagen 255. SNG München 254. About very fine.


From a collection in Ticino, formed over 20 years ago.
Leo
Vlasto_732.jpg
Taras 280-272 Stater74 viewsCALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 280-272 BC. Stater (Silver, 21mm, 6.22 g 5), Aristipp..., Gy... and Di.... ΑΡΙΣ / ΤΙΠΠ Nude male figure standing right, crowning horse ridden by young jockey to left; above to right, ΓΥ. Rev. ΤΑΡΑΣ Phalanthos, nude, riding dolphin to right, holding arrow in his right hand and bow in his left; below right, elephant; below dolphin’s tail, ΔΙ. HN III 1000. Vlasto 732. Toned but with an obverse struck from a worn die, otherwise, nearly extremely fine.

The Tarentine didrachm was reduced from approximately 7.5g to 6.5g after 281 BC to help pay for Pyrrhus’ campaigns against the Romans.
2 commentsLeo
Taras_Drachm_2.JPG
Taras, Calabria91 views281-272 BC (Period VII)
AR Drachm (16mm, 2.85g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla.
R: Owl with open wings standing right on thunderbolt; TAPANTINΩ[N] to left, ΣΩ upward to right.
Vlasto 1077ff; Cote 432; cf McGill II, 139; Hands Period VII, Type VI; SNG ANS 1320; HN Italy 1018; Sear 373 var.
Struck from worn or corroded dies.
ex Holger Siee Munzhandlung

The Owl drachms of Taras began about the same time as the Herakles & Lion diobols (circa 334 BC), and like the diobols were intended as a federal issue. From the beginning these drachms were minted to the lower weight standard which would not be applied to the didrachms of Taras until 281, the time of the Pyrrhic wars.
It is my opinion that all of the 'open wing' type owls are post-Pyrrhic.

1 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_713~0.JPG
Taras, Calabria164 views281-272 BC (Period VII - The Pyrrhic Hegemony)
AR Didrachm (19mm, 6.34g)
Sostratos magistrate.
O: Warrior on horseback right, holding shield and spears in left hand and thrusting spear downward with right; [E]Y behind, ΣΩΣTP - ATOΣ (magistrate) in two lines below.
R: Taras riding dolphin left, holding cornucopia in left hand and Nike with laurel wreath in right; ΠOΛY to left, thunderbolt to right, T-APA[Σ] below.
Vlasto 713; Evans VII, A2; Cote 371-72; SNG ANS 1084; SNG Cop 874; HN Italy 1001
ex CNG

As the leading Greek city in Magna Graecia Taras was foremost in resisting Roman influence during the third century, forming an alliance with Metapontum and later supporting Pyrrhus of Epirus in his war against Rome from 281-275 BC, the period of this coin.

It was during this time that the standard was reduced to c. 6.5g, and with its distinctly Epirote thunderbolt symbol this specimen represents one of the earliest 'light' didrachms.
3 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_789.jpg
Taras, Calabria108 views281-272 BC (Period VII - The Pyrrhic Hegemony)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 6.44g)
Apollo(...) magistrate.
O: Helmeted warrior on horse cantering left, carrying two javelins and a large round shield decorated with eight-rayed star; ΞΩ behind, [AΠOΛΛΩ] (magistrate) below.
R: Taras (of the plump Dionysiac type) astride dolphin left, holding bunch of grapes in extended right hand, distaff over left shoulder; ANΘ to right, TAPAΣ below.
Vlasto 789-91; Evans VII, F2 or F6; Cote 413; McGill II, 84; SNG ANS 1131-1133; HN Italy 1013
ex Numisantique

The helmeted warrior shown here behind a large shield is a definite departure from the typical image found on this coinage. The earlier naked skirmishers have been replaced by the fully armored cavalryman presented here. This was of course a gradual process, but the evolution becomes more apparent on later issues where the rider is clearly depicted wearing a cuirass.
This plump rendition of Taras also differs greatly from previous images and is actually meant to represent a young Iacchus, the son of Dionysus and Persephone. Similar images can be found on kraters and terracotta votives found in the region. The attributes of Dionysus which he carries show the foreign influence of the chthonic cult of Dionysus upon the city of Taras. This relatively new mystery cult was introduced along side the earlier ouranic cults of Poseidon and Apollo, and the inclusion of Iacchus here represents a distinct link to the Mysteries of Eleusis.
The distaff, in this context, is probably a reference to Ariadne, a wife of Dionysus, but its’ phallic nature also symbolizes the god of ecstasy Himself.

- The Tarantinians Carouse -
The theaters are full, music everywhere,
here debauchery and lewdness, and there
athletic and sophistical contests.
An unwithering wreath adorns the statue
of Dionysus. Not an earthly nook remains
unsprinkled by libations...
~ Kavafy (1933)
2 commentsEnodia
V_703.JPG
Taras, Calabria189 views302-281 BC (Period VI)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 7.68g)
Nikon magistrate.
O: Naked ephebe vaulting from horse galloping left, holding javelin and small shield in left hand; EY above, [NI]KΩN (magistrate) below.
R: Phalanthos astride dolphin left, holding ear of grain; API to left, TAPAΣ to right, spearhead below.
Vlasto 703; Evans VI, E2; Cote 342; HN Italy 969
ex John Jencek

The Tarentine horsemen were renowned throughout the ancient world, serving as mercenary cavalry for many Mediterranean kings including Antigonos I, Demetrios I and Alexander of Epirus. They were so efficient that the term ‘Tarentine Horse’ came to mean any such skirmishing cavalry unit, regardless of their origin.
These were not typical cavalry however, but rather "hippakontistai" (mounted javelinmen), or more specifically "elaphroi", light cavalry which throw javelins and then dismount for close combat.
The scene depicted here is from an equestrian event of the Hyakinthia (the ceremonial games of Hyakinthian Apollo) rather than actual combat, but celebrates those special skills necessary in war. The armed rider would dismount at full gallop, run along side his horse, and then remount in stride.

The didrachm was reduced from c. 7.5g to c. 6.5g after 281 to help pay for Pyrrhus' campaigns against the Romans. However the spearhead on the reverse is an Epirote symbol, making this one of the last coins struck on the old standard.
4 commentsEnodia
Taras_V836.JPG
Taras, Calabria142 views272-235 BC (Period VIII - The Roman Alliance I)
AR Didrachm (18mm, 6.50g)
Lykinos magistrate.
O: Naked boy on horse pacing left, placing wreath on horse's head; ΣY above, ΛYKI - NOΣ (magistrate) in two lines below.
R: Taras astride dolphin left, hurling trident with right hand, chlamys wrapped around left arm; owl behind, TA-PA[Σ] below.
Vlasto 836; Evans VIII, A8; Cote 473; cf McGill II, 92; SNG ANS 1165; SNG Cop 916; SNG France 1999; HN Italy 1025; Sear 374v
ex Olympvs Coins

Following Pyrrhus’ withdrawal Taras was forced to submit to a Roman garrison in 272 BC, although the relationship did not remain entirely antagonistic. Taras remained a free port, the city’s walls were rebuilt by the time of the First Punic War, and they even provided Rome with ships during that struggle.
This would change drastically however when Taras threw in with Hannibal during the Second Punic War.
1 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_594.JPG
Taras, Calabria200 views330-302 BC (Period V)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 7.98g)
O: Naked warrior in crested helmet on horse prancing right, spearing downward with right hand, shield and two extra spears in left; ΔΑΙ below.
R: Taras riding dolphin left, holding trident over shoulder with right hand and shield decorated with hippocamp in left; ΦΙ to left, ΤΑΡΑΣ to right, murex shell below.
Vlasto 594; Cote 239; Evans V, B5; Fischer-Bossert 1022a; McGill II, 52; HN Italy 935; SNG ANS 991
ex Heidelberger Munzhandlung

Vlasto dates this coin to the time of Alexander the Molossian, but I believe it may be safely placed after the King’s death in 331, as the typical Epirote symbols are no longer seen (especially, as Evans points out, the eagle’s head). Alexander, uncle to Alexander the Great, arrived at Taras in 334 as defender, the leader of a mercenary army from Epirus hired to help defend Taras from the indigenous Italian tribes. However he was quickly seen to have something more in the way of conquest in mind. Having ignored the warning of the Oracle at the Temple of Zeus Dodona, Alexander pushed west and fulfilled prophecy, being killed while fighting the Lucanians at Pandosia, near the River Acheron.

The murex shell played a very large part in the Tarentine economy, producing a rich purple dye. In fact the early reference books simply describe it as “a purple shell”. Purple cloth from Taras was considered a great luxury throughout the Mediterranean.
5 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_958.JPG
Taras, Calabria77 views235-212 BC (Period IX - The Roman Alliance II)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 6.21g)
Xenokrathes magistrate.
O: Bearded strategos on horse parading left, wearing short tunic and chlamys, raising right hand, short sword in scabbard under left arm; monogram and pileus above, Ξ ENO - KP ATHC in two lines below.
R: Taras wearing leafy crown, astride dolphin left, naked but for chlamys raised in left hand and draping over right thigh, trident over right shoulder; waves and cuttlefish below, [Τ]ΑΡΑΣ to left, monogram to right.
Vlasto 958; Evans IX, G1; Cote 579; HN Italy 1058
ex Roma Numismatics

An interesting piece from the last days of Tarentine independence.
Evans divides the Horsemen of the post-Pyrrhic era into Period VIII (272-235 BC) and Period IX, which he terminates at 228 BC with the alleged closing of the mint, but which hoard evidence suggests should be extended to the Punic occupation of 212.
The coins of the former category are of a decidedly inferior style compared to those of the previous century, but Period IX reveals something of a renaissance, and many of these coins are of fine style. Surely this is befitting the final truly Tarentine issues.

The Vlasto catalog describes the obverse figure as “Single Dioskuros…”. likely due to the pileus in the field above (almost off-flan here). However this mounted nobleman must certainly be the model for the less impressive Punic issues of Period X.
The obverse die is peculiar for its use of the ‘lunar E’ in the magistrate’s name, which was not typical at Taras.
3 commentsEnodia
V_255.JPG
Taras, Calabria92 views443-400 BC
AR Didrachm (20mm, 6.91g)
O: Phalanthos seated left on dolphin, extending right hand and holding cuttle fish in left; scallop shell below, all within plain linear border.
R: Naked Taras seated left on diphros, right hand extended, lekythos dangling from left.
Vlasto 255; SNG ANS 860; HN Italy 844; Sear 330v
ex Pegasi Numismatics; ex ECIN

These didrachms, known as the ‘Oekist types‘, immediately pre-date the more famous equestrian types usually associated with Taras.
Early attributions, including that of Sir Arthur Evans, describe the seated figure on the reverse as the Demos of the city, but as no such personification of ‘The People’ was typically used at this time Vlasto (among others) have rejected this theory in favor of a representation of the oekist, or founder of the city, in this case Taras.
However even this theory is ripe for discussion, as the city’s founder was not Taras but rather Phalanthos.
More recently Dionysus has been suggested, and certain varieties show iconography which would seem to support this (although not this particular specimen).
But I will give the last word here to George Brauer who, in his marvelous book ‘Taras: It’s History and Coinage‘ (1986), writes “The consensus today is that the Tarentines would actually have understood him to be Taras, possibly as eponymous founder, more likely as eponymous hero.”
2 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_352a.JPG
Taras, Calabria74 views380-345 BC (Period III - The Age of Archytas)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 7.37g, 11h)
O: Naked youth crowning horse standing right; kerykeion before, Λ below, all within linear border.
R: Taras seated sideways on dolphin left, resting his left hand on its tail; H (signature) on body of dolphin, P below, TAPAΣ to left, all within linear border.
Vlasto 352; Evans III, A2; Cote 121v; Fischer-Bossert 442d; Sear 341v
Rare
From the Frank James Collection. ex Forvm Ancient Coins; ex Roma Numismatics

A noted general, inventor, mathematician and philosopher, Archytas was a Pythagorean and friend of Plato, and likely responsible for saving the latter from death at the hands of Dionysius II of Syracuse.

While not one of the more exciting designs from the Taras mint, this coin, signed by ’H', or 'HP’, is still nicely rendered and actually quite rare. Fischer-Bossert sites only 7 known examples. I do not know if this specimen is one of those.
2 commentsEnodia
V_630.JPG
Taras, Calabria69 views315-302 BC (Period V)
AR Didrachm (22mm, 7.63g, 4h)
O: Warrior, preparing to throw spear and holding shield and two more spears, on horse rearing right; ΣA below.
R: Phalanthos, holding arrow and bow, astride dolphin right; |-HP and HP monogram below, TAPAΣ to left.
Vlasto 630; Fischer-Bossert Group 68, 818; Evans V, B18; SNG ANS 1011; HN Italy 938
From Group SGF. ex CNG

Sir Arthur Evans places this coin at the end of Period V, during the time of Kleonymus, and the martial themes on both sides of this coin, unusual on Tarentine coinage, may support this theory.
Kleonymus, the unworthy heir to the Spartan throne, was yet another in a line of self-serving mercenary generals to come to the aid of Taras (circa 302 BC), but he was no more successful than his predecessors.

This is the first right-facing dolphin in my collection. While not rare, these occur less often than the typical left-facing types.
3 commentsEnodia
CampanoTarentine.JPG
Taras, Calabria55 views281-228 BC
AR Didrachm (20mm, 6.95g)
O: Diademed head of nymph Satyra left, wearing triple-pendant earring.
R: Nude youth on horseback right crowning horse and holding reins; star of eight rays above, dolphin below, TA beneath raised foreleg.
Vlasto 1036-37, Cote 548; McGill II, 131; SNG ANS 1301; HN Italy 1098; Sear 366v
ex Praefectus Coins

These so-called Campano-Tarentine (or sometimes Bruttio-Tarentine) types are a numismatic enigma.
The idea of an alliance was originally put forth in the 19th century due to the apparent similarity of the obverse portraits of this series with the coins of Neapolis and other Campanian cities. However the nymph depicted here is more likely to be the local Satyra rather than Campanian Parthenope, and there is no direct historical evidence of any alliance between Taras and the Campanians during this period.
The heavier standard may mean that this series was intended to circulate outside of Taras as a federal issue, or possibly as a trade unit. Further, no coins of this type have been found within the city itself.
It has also been suggested that these coins were struck as tribute to Rome, and the apparent timeframe is in line with such a theory.
2 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_107v.JPG
Taras, Calabria56 views470-450 BC
AR Didrachm (17mm., 7.82g)
O: Taras riding dolphin right, holding cuttlefish in right hand, left hand extended.
R: Hippocamp right; TAPA beneath, scallop shell below.
Vlasto 107(?); cf McGill II, 3; HN Italy 827; SNG ANS 837; SNG Cop 772-773
Scarce
ex ACR Auctions; ex Praefectus Coins

The hippocamp reverse type was undoubtedly one of the first non-incuse didrachms minted at Taras, occuring at the very beginning of the fifth century. However these small module coins were minted slightly later than the spread-flans, probably 470-450 BC.

"He [Poseidon] towers on high above the peaceful waves, urging his team of Hippokampoi with his three-pronged spear: frontwise they run at furious speed amid showers of foam, behind they swim and blot out their footprints with their tails."
~ Statius, Achilleid 1. 25 ff
1 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_545.JPG
Taras, Calabria57 views344-334 BC (Period IV)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 7.54g)
Signed by the Kal... engraver. 
O: Nude horseman right, wearing shield on left arm and holding two spears in left hand, preparing to thrust third spear held in right hand; |- behind, Δ before, ΚΑΛ and Δ below.
R: Phalanthos astride dolphin right, holding crested helmet; stars flanking, ΤΑΡΑΣ to left, ΚΑΛ below.
Vlasto 545; Cote 215; McGill II, 41; Evans IV, H3; HN Italy 896; SNG ANS 971; Sear 345
ex Monarch Beach

Archidamos III reigned as King of Sparta from 360 BC until his death in 338. Summoned by the Tarentines to assist them in the first Lucanian war, he lead a mercenary army to Manduria in Calabria, where he fell in battle against the combined forces of the Messapians and Lucanians.
The historian Diodorus suggests that the death of Archidamos and the massacre of his army was divine vengeance for his plundering of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi.

The 4th century artist known to us only as the KAL engraver was arguably the finest die engraver in Magna Graecia. Specializing in common everyday scenes and eschewing the more aristocratic themes, his work had a certain elegance and sensitivity rarely seen in numismatic art.
The dolphin rider on this coin is bowing his head slightly and looking very pensively at the helmet in his hands. Is Phalanthos mourning for King Archidamos here? Sir Arthur Evans thought so, and the two stars on this reverse (one off flan), representing the Dioskouri and therefore Sparta the Mother City, lends credence to this idea. If so, then no other engraver could have captured this moment and this emotion quite like KAL…
1 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_822.JPG
Taras, Calabria54 views272-235 BC (Period VIII - The Roman Alliance I)
AR Didrachm (19mm, 6.18g, 2h).
O: Youth on horseback left, crowning horse; cornucopia in field to right, |-APEAC (magistrate) below.
R: Taras riding dolphin left, holding kantharos in extended right hand and upright trident in left; POΛY behind, ΤΑΡΑΣ below..
Vlasto 822; Evans VIII, A4; Cote 456; HN Italy 997; cf Sear 374
From the W. H. Guertin Collection; ex CNG

The symbolism of the cornucopia has many origins in ancient lore, from the story of Zeus and Amaltheia to that of Herakles and the river-god Acheloos. Dionysus is also associated with the “horn of plenty”.
All of these deities were venerated at Taras, so the appearance of the cornucopia on this coin may be connected to any of the three, although the kantharos in Taras‘ extended right hand on the reverse makes the cult of Dionysus quite compelling.
George Brauer Jr. (‘Taras: Its History and Coinage’) suggests that the cornucopia can represent “the fruits of war”, and while the city of Taras was constantly fighting one battle or another during its long history, I believe the commonly seen Nike would be a more appropriate symbol of a military victory, and the passive nature of this particular type, with Taras holding his trident in a decidedly non-threatening posture, also seems to argue against this idea. In addition the fact that the city had just been subdued by Rome would apparently put Brauer’s theory to rest, at least in this case.
Of course the answer may be as simple as a local celebration of a particularly prosperous year, or a thank you to Demeter for an abundant harvest. We may never know for certain, but this kind of speculation can be half the fun of collecting!
4 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_847.JPG
Taras, Calabria35 views272-235 BC (Period VIII - The Roman Alliance I)
AR Didrachm (19mm, 6.36g)
O: Naked youth on horseback left, crowning horse with right hand; ∆I above, ΦIΛΩ / TAC in two lines below.
R: Phalanthos on dolphin left, holding kantharos and distaff; cock standing left behind, TAPAΣ below.
Vlasto 847; Evans VIII, A11; Cote 485; McGill II, 96; HN Italy 1024; SNG ANS 1173-77
ex Numisantique

The cock on the reverse of this coin may be a reference to Apollo, or might symbolize ‘a new dawn rising’, possibly referring to Taras’ recent alliance with their old nemesis, Rome.
However it is more likely that this is simply a symbol of the magistrate under whom this coin was struck, in this case one Philotos, which was not an uncommon practice on these post-Pyrrhic didrachms of Taras.
1 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_855.JPG
Taras, Calabria52 views272-235 BC (Period VIII - The Roman Alliance I)
AR Didrachm (18.5mm, 6.50g)
O: Nude youth on horseback right, placing wreath on horse's head; ΦI behind, I-ΩΠ-YPO-[Σ] (magistrate) below.
R: Taras riding dolphin left, holding cornucopiae and trident; bee to right, Τ-ΑΡΑΣ below.
Vlasto 855; Evans VIII, B2; McGill II, 99; Cote 490-92; HN Italy 1029 SNG ANS 1183
ex Dr. Busso Peus; ex Germania Inferior Numismatics

Evans calls the insect on this reverse a cicada, a very important symbol in ancient times (see J.C.B Petropolous’ marvelous work ‘Heat and Lust; Hesiod’s Midsummer Festival Scene Revisited’, a very insightful look at ancient agricultural and fertility practices). However Vlasto lists this as a bee, and I tend to think this is likely. It sure looks more like a bee to me.
It’s a real pity that the obverse is struck off-center here, as the artistic and natural rendering of the horse is not typical of these late period didrachms.
3 commentsEnodia
Taras.jpg
Taras, Calabria65 views302-281 BC (Period VI)
AR Didrachm (20.5mm, 7.88g)
Arethon magistrate.
O: Naked boy of androgynous aspect crowning horse standing right, left foreleg raised; ΣA above, APE/ΘΩN (magistrate) in two lines below.
R: Phalanthos riding dolphin left, holding tripod in extended right hand; TAPAΣ around to right, CAΣ below.
Vlasto 666; Evans VI, A-1; Cote 321; McGill II, 59; SNG France 1869; HN Italy 957; SNG Cop 862; SNG ANS 1046-50
ex Germania Inferior Numismatics

Struck between the time of Kleonymos and the coming of Pyrrhus, Period VI represents the first appearance of the full length magistrate signatues on Tarentine coinage, in this case one Arethon.
This type (along with Vlasto 836) is possibly the most common didrachm in the entire series. Still, this specimen is very well centered with a full tripod showing on the flan, and has some nice golden highlights which i find quite appealing.
4 commentsEnodia
V_975.jpg
Taras, Calabria48 views212-209 BC (Period X - The Punic Occupation)
AR Half-Shekel (Reduced Nomos) (19mm, 3.28g)
Sogenis magistrate.
O: Nude youth on horseback to left, crowning horse with wreath; IΩ behind, ΣΩΓE - NHΣ (magistrate) in two lines below.
R: Taras astride dolphin to left, holding cornucopiae in right arm and Nike who crowns him with wreath in left; TAPA[Σ] below.
Vlasto 975-77; Evans X, B-1; SNG France 2064; McGill II, 119-20; HN Italy 1079
Very Scarce
ex Praefectus Coins

At half the weight of the previous ‘didrachms’ from Taras, this half-shekel coin was minted during the Punic occupation of the city from 212-209 BC.
The story of Hannibal’s capture of Tarentum is fascinating, but of far too great a scope to cover here. Courage and endurance, intrigue and treachery all played a part in the Carthaginians desperate need of a southern naval port to continue Hannibal’s dream of conquering the Italian peninsula. Yet after an occupation of three years he was forced to withdraw from the city, virtually ending the second Punic War. However with a naval command post and a way to access reinforcements and supplies from Carthage, who knows what shape the history of Rome might have taken?

1 commentsEnodia
image00031.jpg
Taras, Calabria34 views380-345 BC (Period III - The Age of Archytas)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 7.83g)
O: Naked ephebus with radiate hair riding galloping horse right, all within linear border.
R: Taras astride dolphin left, holding akrostolian in extended right hand, left hand on dolphins back; H (signature) on dolphins flank, ΤΑΡΑΣ below, all within linear border.
Vlasto 362; Fischer- Bossert 381 (V168/R296); SNG France 1712; McGill II, 19; Jameson 110; HN Italy 870
Rare
ex Roma Numismatics; ex Forvm Ancient Coins

Once again we see the 'H' signature on the side of the dolphin, although here we have a much less static horseman.
H only appears for a brief moment in Period III, and while Evans has an essay specifically dedicated to artist signatures he makes no mention of the enigmatic H or his galloping horse obverse.
On the engraver's few known specimens the signatures are all uniquely placed on the dolphin's flank.


4 commentsEnodia
Ainianes,_Hypatia,_AR_Trihemidrachm.jpg
Thessaly, Ainianes, Hypata, 87 BC, AR Didrachm 40 viewsHead of Athena right wearing Attic helmet decorated with tendril, Pegasos and four horse protomes.
ΑΙΝΙΑΝΩΝ l. up, ΚΑΝΩΡ r. down, Phemios as a slinger, naked but for chlamys over his shoulder and sword in scabbard, shooting sling to right; behind, leaning against his right leg, two spears.

De Callataÿ, Le monnayage d'argent au type d'Athéna Parthénos émis au nom des Ainianes, p. 130, 34 D4/R1 (this coin); BCD Thessaly II 41.2 (this coin).
This is the only known example from ΚΑΝΩΡ.

(24 mm, 6.97 g, 12 h)
Harlan J. Berk 181, 17 November 2012, 230; ex-BCD Collection: Triton XV (BCD Thessaly II Catalogue), 3 January 2012, 41.2.

Almost all specimens of this coinage appear to have a provenance to collections formed in the early twentieth century. No documented hoards of the type have been found. The examples that have come to market in the last few decades appear to have been recycled from old collections. Seventy six specimens are known and documented (de Callatay). Twenty-five exist in private hands.

Based on another study by de Callataÿ,” Didrachms of Leukas” this coin like the following coin of Leukas was struck in 87 BC (The First Mithradatic War) as a contribution to Sulla’s campaign against Mithrades VI Eupator. As noted by de Callataÿ both Leukas and Hypata “are located at strategic points for any Roman army coming from Brundusium and going directly to Attica.” The fabric and technical features of both coinages “support the strong suspicion that skilled Roman agents were involved in the process. Their volumes (ca. 250 talents of monetized silver in both cases) are consistent with the situation facing Sulla in the summer of 87 BCE.”
1 commentsn.igma
larissa_didrachm.jpg
Thessaly, Larissa. Circa 340-320 BC. AR Drachm34 viewsThessaly, Larissa. Circa 340-320 BC. AR Drachm. 5,7 g, 20 mm. Head of nymph facing slightly left / Horse right, about to roll; LARIS above, AIWN below. SNG Copenhagen 120; Herrmann Group VII, pl. v, 8. Podiceps
Thourioi.JPG
Thurii, Lucania58 views300-280 BC
AR Didrachm (21mm, 7.67g)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet ornamented with Skylla hurling a stone.
R: Bull butting right; ΘOYPIΩN and ΘE above, tunny fish in ex.
SNG ANS 1081; HN Italy 1870; Sear 443v (no inscription on exergual line)
From the Frederick H. Rindge collection; ex Jack H. Beymer

Rising from the ruins of New Sybaris, Thurii was originally planned by Perikles of Athens as a Greek utopia. Scientists, artists, poets and philosophers from all over the Greek mainland were encouraged to immigrate to southern Italy around 443 BC to help establish this new city tucked against the mountains between two rivers on the west coast of the Tarentine Gulf. Among those accepting the challenge was Herodotus, who finished his ‘Histories’ here before his death in 420. The sophist Protagoras of Abdera also came, and was commissioned to write the new city’s democratic constitution.
However this idea of a peaceful colony of free-thinkers was destined to be short-lived. By 413 BC the colony was at war with mother-city Athens, and in 390 Thourii suffered a significant defeat by the Lucanians. In response the Thurians called in help from Rome to deal with this threat, and then again in 282 for its’ war with Taras. The city was plundered by Hannibal of Carthage during the second Punic war, who left it in ruin.
2 commentsEnodia
tradidrac.jpg
Trajan (98 - 117 A.D.)20 viewsAR Didrachm
CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea-Eusebia
O: ΑΥΤΟΚΡ ΚΑΙС ΝЄΡ ΤΡΑΙΑΝω ΑΡΙСΤω СЄΒ ΓЄΡΜ ΔΑΚ Laureate head of Trajan to right, with slight drapery on his left shoulder.
R:ΔΗΜΑΡΧ ЄΞ ΥΠΑΤΟ Ϛ Mount Argaios with grotto containing cult stone, flanked by two pyramidal objects; at top, second grotto with flames.
6.98g
21mm
RPC III 3046. Sydenham 208-209. 
1 commentsMat
35~0.jpg
Trajan Didrachm - Artemis (SYD 196)32 viewsAR Didrachm
Cappadocia, Caesarea 112-117AD
6.31g

Obv: Laureate bust of Trajan (R)

Rev: Draped bust of ARTEMIS (L), holding spear and patera.


SYD 196 BMC 69 MET 64c
1 commentsKained but Able
132.JPG
Trajan Didrachm - Mount Argaeus40 viewsAR Didrachm
Cappadocia, 98-99 CE
6.92g, 21.5mm

Obv: Laureate bust of Trajan (R)

Rev: Mount Argaeus surmounted by Helios (?), holding orb and sceptre.

Syd 167 (?)
4 commentsKained but Able
135b.jpg
Trajan Drachm - Club of Hercules46 viewsAR Drachm
Cappadocia, 112 CE

Obv: Laureate bust of Trajan (R)

Rev: CLUB of HERCULES.

More common as a didrachm. Rare to see this type as a drachm.

Syd 218 (?)
4 commentsKained but Able
Didrachm_Red.jpg
Trajan Provincial77 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. AR Didrachm. Caesarea, Cappadocia. Struck consular year 2, 98-99 AD. (6.1g, 22mm) Obv: AYT KAIC NEP TPAIANO CEB GEPM, Laureate head right, youthful portrait right. Rev: DHM EX UPAT B, two clasped hands holding standard on prow.

SNGCop 200, BMC 53.

Ex: Incitatus Coins
Paddy
Didrachm_Black.jpg
Trajan Provincial40 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. AR Didrachm. Caesarea, Cappadocia. 112-117 AD. (6.8g, 21mm) Obv: AVTOKP KAIC NEPTPAIANOC CEB GEPM DAK, Laureate bust right, aegis on far shoulder. Rev: DHMAPX EX YPA TO C, Tyche standing left, holding rudder set on ground in left hand, cornucopia in right.

Metcalf 66a.

EX: Incitatus Coins
Paddy
Tyre_didrachm.jpg
Tyre - AR didrachm21 viewsc. 330 - 329 BC
bearded Melqart riding hippocamp with curled wing to right, waves and dolphin below
owl standing right, head facing; crook and flail behind
date II (year 2) and Phoenician letter tsade in right fields
BMC Phoenicia p. 231, 29; SNG Cop 307 var.(year)
ex Oslo Myntgalleri
ex Forum Ancient Coins
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
didracmatirosm.jpg
Tyre - attic didrachm111 viewsTyre. Uzzimilk (?) 357-333 BC. Attic didrachm, 8.67g.
Obv: Bearded god (Melqarth?) riding winged hippocamp to right, holding
bow. Beneath, waves. Guilloche border.
Rx: Owl standing to right, head facing, with crook and flail. In right field,
Phoenician numerals. Guilloche border.
1 commentsCaffaro
didracmatirosm~1.jpg
Tyre - attic didrachm113 viewsTyre. Uzzimilk (?) 357-333 BC. Attic didrachm, 8.67g.
Obv: Bearded god (Melqarth?) riding winged hippocamp to right, holding
bow. Beneath, waves. Guilloche border.
Rx: Owl standing to right, head facing, with crook and flail. In right field,
Phoenician numerals. Guilloche border.
Caffaro
Tyrian_Didrachm.jpg
Tyrian Half Shekel11 viewsOBV: Laureate head of Melqart right.
REV: TUROU IERAS KAI ASULOU
Eagle standing on prow, holding palm, club to the left,
branch ot the right, Phoenician letter between eagle's
legs. KP and monogram to right.
Inscription: (of Tyre the holy and inviolable)

1st Century A.D.
5.8gm 19mm
goldenancients
Velia_Kleudoros.jpg
Velia, Lucania107 views350-310 BC (Period VI: Kleudoros Group)
AR Didrachm (21mm, 7.50g)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet ornamented with griffin, swan's head at front of visor.
R: Lion prowling left; Φ above, >E monogram (Kleudoros) below, YEΛHTΩN in ex, all within linear circle.
Williams 297; SNG ANS 1312; SNG Ashmolean 1233; HN Italy 1289; Sear 460v
ex Jack H. Beymer

In 545 BC the Persian King Cyrus the Great conquered the Ionian colony of Phocaea in Asia Minor. The survivors fled by sea, and after a settlement on Corsica was destroyed by the Carthaginians the Phocaean refugees finally reached the south-west coast of Lucania between 538 and 535 BC, where they founded Velia on a promontory between two rivers.
Its’ natural harbor and fortunate situation on the road between Rome and Rhegion made Velia a prime center of commerce, and it soon became known throughout the Mediterranean as a profitable destination and a safe shelter from the harsh winds of the Tyrrhenian Sea. This allowed the colony to thrive, and by the middle of the 5th century BC the Eleatic school of philosophy took form here under Xenophanes and Parmenides, the latter also writing the city's constitution.
4 commentsEnodia
Velia_Philistion.JPG
Velia, Lucania101 views305-290 BC (Period VII: Philistion Group)
AR Didrachm (22mm, 7.33g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Phrygian helmet decorated with griffin; palmette on neck-guard, Θ (Philistion) behind.
R: Lion standing right with head facing, devouring ram‘s head; grasshopper between Φ-I above, YEΛHTΩN in ex.
William 415; HN Italy 1305; SNG ANS 1361; SNG Ashmolean 1322-4
ex Praefectus Coins

Velia was never conquered by the Lucanians, and in 275 BC signed an alliance with Rome. However over the centuries the mouths of the two rivers between which the city was built silted up the harbor, resulting in a ruined trade. In time the city became surrounded by marshlands, malaria ensued, and its inhabitants moved away.
Velia had managed to withstand centuries of regional hostility, but withered before the forces of nature.
5 commentsEnodia
Velia_Owl.JPG
Velia, Lucania47 views465-440 BC (Period II: Pre-Athena Group)
AR Drachm (15mm, 3.52g)
O: Head of nymph right, wearing beaded necklace.
R: Owl with closed wing perched right on olive branch, head facing; YEΛH behind.
Williams 79; Hands Class VI; HN Italy 1265; Sear 251
ex Munzen & Medaillen GmbH

The first coins minted at Velia in the late 6th century BC were archaic drachms featuring a feeding lion on the obverse and a simple incuse square on the reverse.
The nymph head drachms such as this example, which Williams designates as ‘pre-Athena types‘, can be dated fairly accurately to the period immediately following the Battle of Cumae in 474 BC.
The combined fleet of Cyme and Syracuse defeated the Etruscans in a great naval battle off the coast of southern Italy, greatly weakening Etruscan influence in the region and thereby empowering Rome. The resulting economic boost allowed Poseidonia to begin coining again circa 470, followed by Terina in Bruttium and finally Velia. It was also around this time that Velia’s famous lion series of didrachms first appeared, and would continue for the next two centuries.
3 commentsEnodia
VespCapNike.jpg
Vespasian 88 viewsCappadocia, Vespasian (69-79), AR Didrachm, Caesarea, c. AD 76-77;
O: ΑYΤΟΚΡΑ ΚΑΙCΑΡ ΟYECΠΑCΙΑΝΟC CEΒΑCΤΟC, laureate head right.
R: NIKH - CEBACTH, Nike standing r., holding palm branch and wreath. RPC 1647
4 commentsNemonater
Vespasian_Caesarea_didra.jpg
Vespasian - Caesarea Cappadocia7 viewsAR didrachm
77-78 AD
diademed head right
AYTOKPA KAICAP OYECΠACIANOC CEBACTOC
Nike advancing right, holding wreath and palm
NIKH__CEBACTH
RPC II 1647, Sydenham 89
6,9g
Johny SYSEL
VespTitusDidrachm.jpg
Vespasian / Titus Didrachm116 viewsVespasian AR Didrachm, Caesarea, Cappadocia mint, 76-77 AD
O: Laureate head of Vespasian right, AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC. (Emperor Vespasian Caesar Augustus)
R: Laureate head of Titus right, AYTO KAI OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOY YIOC. (The Son of Emperor Vespasian Caesar Augustus)
- RPC 1650
6 commentsNemonater
Vespasian_and_titus,_cappadocia,_didrachm.jpg
Vespasian and Titus didrachm29 viewsVespasian and Titus. 67-79A.D.. AR Didrachm. 6.36 gm, 23 mm. Cappadocia, Caesarea mint. Year 9 (76-77 A.D.). Obverse: Laureate head of Vespasian right. Reverse: Laureate head of Titus right. Metcalf 4, RPC II 1650, Sydenham 102.

Well fed prince Titus on the reverse portrait.
1 commentsLucas H
Vespasian,_cappadocia,_victory_didrachm.jpg
Vespasian didrachm, victory53 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D.. AR Didrachm. 77-78 A.D. Cappadocia, Caesarea. 6.78 g. Obverse: Laureate head right. Reverse: Victory walking right, holding wreath and palm. Sydenham, Caesarea 91, Metcalf, Caesarea 9. 1 commentsLucas H
Vespasian_Domitian_didrachm_small_.jpg
Vespasian with Domitian as Caesar110 viewsCappadocia, Caesarea. Vespasian. A.D. 69-79. AR didrachm (21.3 mm, 6.63 g, 12 h). RY 9 = A.D. 76/7.
O: AVTOKPA KAICAP OVЄCΠACIANOC CEBACTOC, laureate head right.
R: ΔOMЄTIANOC KAICAP CЄBA YIO ЄT Θ, Domitian, togate, standing left, holding olive branch.
RPC 1651 var; Metcalf 6d var; Sydenham 112 var.

This reverse legend, with CЄBA, instead of CЄB, is not listed in the standard references. Both Metcalf and Sydenham record the legend variation ΔOMЄTIANOC instead of ΔOMITIANOC, but oddly, RPC II does not.
5 commentsNemonater
VespasianDidrachmWeb.jpg
Vespasian with Titus as Caesar240 viewsVespasian, with Titus as Caesar. Cappadocia, Caesarea-Eusebia mint, struck 76/77 C.E. AR Didrachm (23mm, 7.16 g, 12h). Provincial style, Dated RY 9.
O: Laureate head right; Greek legend, AYTOKPA (Emperor) KAICAP (Caesar) OYECΠACIANOC (Vespasian) CEBACTOC (Augustus)
R: Titus, laureate and in military outfit, standing facing, holding spear and parazonium; Greek legend TITOC (Titus) AYTOKPATWP (Emperor) KAICAP (Caesar) ET Θ in exergue (ETOYC is the Greek word for year. Regnal Year Θ or theta the 9th letter of greek alphabet.) RPC 1649; Sydenham, Caesarea 72. From the Bruce R. Brace Collection.

A rather rare coin. The British Museum has 2 specimens, this is only the 2nd example I have ever seen on the market. RPC 1649 lists two other examples with ETOYC abbreviated as ET: Berlin ex Imhoof, published by him in Swiss Num. Review 1898; and Seaby's Bulletin, Sept. 1982, D 75.

Vespasian was proclaimed emperor in Alexandria on July 1, 69, how does year 9 equal 76-77?
The regnal years at Alexandria began on August 29 of each year and continued through August 28 of the following year. In some cases two regnal years are counted in the same calendar year, for example Vespasian in 69. The first regnal year is counted for the portion of time he ruled in 69 till August 28 and his second year started August 29, 69 into 70.

A Roman parazonium is a long triangular dagger, 15 to 19 inches long, wide at the hilt end and coming to a point. In Roman art, it is frequently carried by Virtus, and is also sometimes carried by Mars, or Roma, or the Emperor, giving them the aura of courage. The parazonium was a symbol of rank and was used to rally the troops. An officer would exchange his parazonium for a gladius or a spatha if he was directly threatened during a battle.
10 commentsNemonater
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Vespasian, AD 69-7936 viewsCAPPADOCIA, Caesarea-Eusebia.

AR didrachm, 22.26mm (7.16 gm).

AYTOKPA KAICAP OYECΠACIANOC CEBACTOC, laureate head of Vespasian right / AYTO KAI OYECΠACIANOC CEBACTOY YIOC, laureate head of Titus right. Mint at Caesarea ("local style"), struck AD 76-77 (year 9).

RPC II, 1650 ("local style"); Metcalf, 004; Sydenham, Caesarea 102; SNG vA, 6364 ("provincial style").

From the Sierra collection; ex CNG 60, lot 1260 (5-22-2002).
2 commentssocalcoins
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Vespasian, AD 69-7919 views

AR Didrachm, 24.76mm (6.61 gm).
socalcoins
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YEAR-END REVIEW OF GREEK COLLECTION (OBVERSE)111 viewsClick on picture for bigger resolution.

Top row from left to right: MYSIA, PERGAMMON. Eumenes I AR Tetradrachm. Circa 263-241 BC **ILLYRIA, DYRRHACHION. AR Stater. Circa 340-280 BC**IONIA, SMYRNA. AR “Stephanophoric” Tetradrachm. Circa 150-145 BC** PELOPONNESOS, SIKYON. AR Stater. Circa 335-330 BC**ATTICA, ATHENS. “New style” Tetradrachm. Circa 169 BC.

Sixth row: BACTRIA, Antialkidas. AR Drachm. Circa 145-135 BC**CAPPADOCIA. Ariobarzanes I AR Drachm. Circa 96-63 BC**THRACE, ABDERA. AR Tetrobol. Circa 360-350 BC**THRACE, CHERSONESSOS. AR Hemidrachm. Circa 386-338 BC.

Fifth row: IONIA, EPHESOS. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 405-390 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Mazaios AR Stater. Circa 361-334 BC **MACEDONIA. Kassander AR Tetradrachm. Circa 317-315 BC**AKARNANIA, LEUKAS. AR Stater. Circa 320-280 BC**PAMPHYLIA, ASPENDOS. AR Stater. Circa 330-300 BC.

Fourth row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos VI AR Drachm. Circa 144-143 BC**LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 340-330 BC**LUCANIA, VELIA. AR Stater. Circa 280 BC**PARTHIA. Mithradates II AR Drachm. Circa 121-91 BC.

Third row: AEOLIS, MYRINA. AR "Stephanophoric" Tetradrachm. Circa 150 BC**CARIA. Pixodaros AR Didrachm. Circa 341-335 BC**THRACE. Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 297-281 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Pharnabazos AR Stater. Circa 380-374 BC**THRACE, MARONEIA. AR Tetradrachm. Mid 2nd cent. BC.

Second Row: LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 510-480 BC** THESSALIAN LEAGUE. AR Stater. Circa 196-146 BC**CAMPANIA, NEAPOLIS. AR Nomos. Circa 275-250 BC**LYCIA, PRE-DYNASTIC. AR Stater. Circa 520-460 BC.

Bottom row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos Euergetes VII AR Tetradrachm. Circa 138-129 BC**MACEDON. Alexander III AR Tetradrachm. Circa 325-315 BC**CILICIA, AIGEAI. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 30 BC**PAIONIA. Patraos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 335-315 BC**PAMPHYLIA, SIDE. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 155-36 BC.
1 commentsJason T
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YEAR-END REVIEW OF GREEK COLLECTION (REVERSE)118 viewsTHE LESS OFTEN DISPLAYED SIDE OF MY COINS.
Please click on picture for bigger resolution.

Top row from left to right: MYSIA, PERGAMMON. Eumenes I AR Tetradrachm. Circa 263-241 BC **ILLYRIA, DYRRHACHION. AR Stater. Circa 340-280 BC**IONIA, SMYRNA. AR “Stephanophoric” Tetradrachm. Circa 150-145 BC** PELOPONNESOS, SIKYON. AR Stater. Circa 335-330 BC**ATTICA, ATHENS. “New style” Tetradrachm. Circa 169 BC.

Sixth row: BACTRIA, Antialkidas. AR Drachm. Circa 145-135 BC**CAPPADOCIA. Ariobarzanes I AR Drachm. Circa 96-63 BC**THRACE, ABDERA. AR Tetrobol. Circa 360-350 BC**THRACE, CHERSONESSOS. AR Hemidrachm. Circa 386-338 BC.

Fifth row: IONIA, EPHESOS. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 405-390 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Mazaios AR Stater. Circa 361-334 BC **MACEDONIA. Kassander AR Tetradrachm. Circa 317-315 BC**AKARNANIA, LEUKAS. AR Stater. Circa 320-280 BC**PAMPHYLIA, ASPENDOS. AR Stater. Circa 330-300 BC.

Fourth row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos VI AR Drachm. Circa 144-143 BC**LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 340-330 BC**LUCANIA, VELIA. AR Stater. Circa 280 BC**PARTHIA. Mithradates II AR Drachm. Circa 121-91 BC.

Third row: AEOLIS, MYRINA. AR "Stephanophoric" Tetradrachm. Circa 150 BC**CARIA. Pixodaros AR Didrachm. Circa 341-335 BC**THRACE. Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 297-281 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Pharnabazos AR Stater. Circa 380-374 BC**THRACE, MARONEIA. AR Tetradrachm. Mid 2nd cent. BC.

Second Row: LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 510-480 BC** THESSALIAN LEAGUE. AR Stater. Circa 196-146 BC**CAMPANIA, NEAPOLIS. AR Nomos. Circa 275-250 BC**LYCIA, PRE-DYNASTIC. AR Stater. Circa 520-460 BC.

Bottom row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos Euergetes VII AR Tetradrachm. Circa 138-129 BC**MACEDON. Alexander III AR Tetradrachm. Circa 325-315 BC**CILICIA, AIGEAI. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 30 BC**PAIONIA. Patraos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 335-315 BC**PAMPHYLIA, SIDE. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 155-36 BC.
1 commentsJason T
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Zeugitana, Carthage, 310-290 BC146 viewsEL shekel-didrachm, 18.8mm, 7.76g, Nice VF
Head of Tanit left, wreathed with corn and with prominent curl on top in place of the usual corn-ear; she wears neacklace and triple earring; pellet in lower left field before necklace / Horse standing right on double exergal line; pellet in lower right field before horse's fore-hooves. Scarce
Sear 6462; SNG Cop 137
1 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
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[103ist] Istros, Thrace, 400 - 350 B.C.74 viewsSilver stater, SNG Cop 196, S 1669, EF, Istros mint, 5.984g, 17.3mm, 0o, 400 - 350 B.C. Obverse: Facing male heads, right inverted; Reverse: ISTRIH, sea-eagle grasping a dolphin with talons, D between, XPA monogram below. Ex FORVM.

Istros is probably the oldest Greek colony on the Black Sea, and was founded in 657 - 656 B.C. or sometime between 630 and 620 B.C. by Milesian settlers in a strategic position near the Danube Delta. The first monetary emissions consisted of cast arrow-heads, later marked with a wheel or inscribed IST. Proper coins were minted from the 5th century: attic standard didrachms with an incuse square reverse and cast small bronzes marked with a wheel. Later the staters suffered several weight reductions, and the incuse technique was discontinued. In parallel, Istros minted silver fractions, and after the silver issues were halted in the Lysimachos era, the city struck gold staters. Later, the city issued autonomous bronze coinage and Roman Provincial coinage.

The obverse type has been variously interpreted as representing the Dioscuri, the rising and setting sun, and the two branches of the river Danube. - Greek Coins and Their Values, by David Sear.

http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
     
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