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Search results - "Demeter"
glok_lokLG.jpg
150 viewsLOKRIS Locri Opuntii. Triobol or Hemidrachm, ca 330 bc (AR; 15mm; 2.68g; 11h) Head of Demeter with wreath of corn-ears to right. Rev. OPONTIWN Ajax advancing to right, between his legs, kantharos; symbol inside the shield, serpent.

BCD coll 99; De Luynes 1958.

5 commentspaul1888
Metapont_Nomos1.jpg
45 viewsdidrachm, 330/290 BC
7.82 g
obv: head of Demeter left
rev: ear of grain, tongs to left, META to right
(Johnston C 4.20 (this coin); Rutter, Historia Numorum 1583)
from Ars Classica 15, Luzern 1930, No. 167, ex Künker e-Auction 17, No. 7
2 commentsareich
unknown-provincial.jpg
25 viewsRoman Provincial Trajan, AE23, of Tabae, Caria, 5.1g, 24mm

Obverse: AVK A TPAIANOC APIΓCΔA, Laureate head right.

Reverse: TABHNΩN, Demeter, polos on head, standing left, holding grain ears, bunch of grapes and sceptre.

Reference: SNG Cop 559, Hunter 4.
Gil-galad
Gordian_Varb_3771.jpg
1 Gordian III19 viewsGORDIAN III
AE 28/30, Hadrianopolis ,9.22g

O: ΑΥΤ Κ Μ ΑΝΤ ΓΟΡ∆ΙΑΝΟC ΑΥ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind

R: Α∆ΡΙΑΝΟΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ, Demeter standing left, grain-ears in extended right, long torch in left

Varbanov II 3771 ff., aVF, double struck on obverse and reverse
Sosius
Gordian_III_Moushmov_761.jpg
1 Gordian III8 viewsGordian III
AE26mm of Markianopolis.

O: Laureate draped bust right

R: Demeter standing left with grain ears and long torch

Moushmov 761
Sosius
00006x00~5.jpg
12 viewsEGYPT, Memphis
PB Tessera
Uncertain figure standing facing, holding bust of Harpokrates wearing skent crown; MEMΦIC to right
Serapis enthroned left, holding scepter, with Cerberus at feet; to left, Demeter(?) standing right, holding scepter; to right, Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3563
Ardatirion
Egypt_-.jpg
25 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (22 mm, 4.39 g)
Dated year 5 of an uncertain era.
Veiled and draped bust of Demeter right; L Є flanking
Nilus reclining left holding reeds and cornucopia; crocodile below
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) 6475; Köln 3610
Ardatirion
antoninus_pius_res.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS26 views138 - 161 AD
AE 18 mm 3.05 g
O: ANTWN KAICAP CEB Draped bust right
R:[ DHMHT] NEIKO, Demeter standing with sceptre and grain ears
BITHYNIA, NIKOPOLIS
Waddington, RG 50; SNG von Aulock 744
laney
commod_perseph_elaea.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS17 views177 - 192 AD
AE 19 mm; 3.77 g
O: ΑV ΚΑΙ ΚοΜΜοΔοС laureate-headed bust of Commodus wearing cuirass and paludamentum, right; countermark of head lower right
R: ƐΛΑΙΤΩΝ draped bust of Demeter or Persephone (with features of Crispina), r., holding poppy and two ears of corn
Aiolis, Elaea; ref. BMC 48, Cop 199
laney
commodus_demeter_philippop.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS10 views177-192 AD
AE 19 mm, 4.20 g
O: Laureate head of Commodus right
R: ΦIΛIΠΠOΠO-ΛEITΩN; Demeter standing left, holding grain ears and long torch
Thrace, Philippopolis; BMC 21
laney
commodus_dionysopolis_b.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--DIONYSOPOLIS21 views177 - 192 AD
struck ca 184-190 AD
AE 22mm; 5.54 g
O: ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ Μ ΑΥΡΗ ΚΟΜΟΔΟС laureate head of Commodus, r.
R: ΔΙΟΝΥСΟΠΟΛƐΙΤΩΝ veiled Demeter standing, l., holding two ears of corn and long torch, Γ in l. field
Moesia Inferior, Dionysopolis
ref. AMNG 374; RPC 4 4311 (temp)
laney
jul_domna_odessa_b.jpg
(0193) JULIA DOMNA24 views(wife of Septimius Severus; mother of emperors Geta and Caracalla)
b. ca. 170, d. 217
struck ca. 193 - 211
AE 21.5 mm 5.16 g
IOVLIA DOMNA C, draped bust right
ODHCEITWN, Demeter, standing right, holding long torch
facing Persephone, standing left, holding two corn ears and torch.
Thrace, Odessos; Varbanov 4358; AMNG 2272.
laney
sept_odess_ww.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS58 views193 - 211 AD
AE 22 mm 4.62 g
O: AYT K L SEP SEYHROS PERTINA X
Laur bust right
R: ODHSSEITWN
Demeter and Persephone with torches and grain ears
ODESSOS, THRACE
VARBANHOV (B.) 3428 RARE
laney
sept_odess_demeter_perse_xx.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS21 views193 - 211 AD
AE 22 mm 4.62 g
O: AYT K L SEP SEYHROS PERTINA X
Laur bust right
R: ODHSSEITWN
Demeter and Persephone with torches and grain ears
ODESSOS, THRACE
VARBANHOV (B.) 3428 RARE
laney
sev_alex_deult.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER18 views222 - 235 AD
AE 23 mm, 7.42 g
O: [IMP C] M AVR [SEV A]LEXAND AVG, Bust draped and cuirassed, laureate, right
R: Demeter resting on a long torch, holding corn-ears (with poppy?)
Thrace, Deultum
cf. Varbanov II:(1) 2248 Demeter holding corn-ears (Jurukova 91) and (2) 2249 Demeter holding corn-ears with poppy.


laney
sev_alex_mam_demeter_markian.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER and JULIA MAMAEA27 views222-235 AD
AE 26 mm; 10.64 g
O: Confronting busts of Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea
R:Draped figure of Demeter standing left, holding ears of corn and long torch, E to right.
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; Moushmov 739
d.s.
laney
gordian_tranq_demeter.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III (with Tranquillina)17 views238 - 244 AD
AE 25.5 mm; 11.44 g
O: AYT K M ANT ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC AVΓ CAB / TRANKVΛΛINA. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian right vis-a-vis diademed and draped bust of Tranquillina left. (confronted busts)
R: OYLΠIANΩN AΓXIALEΩN. Demeter standing facing, head left, holding grain ears and long torch.
THRACE. Anchialus; cf Varbanov 682 - 684
d.s.
laney
OTACILIA_B_.jpg
(0244) OTACILIA SEVERA20 views(wife of Philip I The Arab)
244 - 249 AD
AE 21 mm 5.11 g
O: OTACIL{...}
BUST R
R: DEMETER(?)
DUELTUM
THRACE
laney
0176.jpg
0176 - Drachm Alexander III the Great 328-23 BC29 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ Zeus Aëtophoros seated on backless throne l., holding eagle on outstretched r.h. and scepter in l.h.; before, Demeter with two torches; behind, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ; under throne, monogram with circle, line and triangle.

Ag, 17.5 mm, 4.32 g
Mint: Lampsacus.
Price 1356
ex-Gitbud & Naumann, auction Pecunem 12, lot 119
dafnis
027_Traianus_AE-23_AY_KAI_TRAI-AN-GEDA_TABH-NWN_Moushmov__SNG_Cop_559,_Mionnet__Tabae_-AD_Q-001_0h_22-24mm_9,16g-s~0.jpg
027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), Caria, Tabae, SNG Cop-559, AE-23, Demeter standing left, 60 views027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), Caria, Tabae, SNG Cop-559, AE-23, Demeter standing left,
avers:- AY-KAI-TPAIA-NOC-API-ΓEΔA, Laureate head right .
revers:- TABH-NΩN, Demeter, polos on head, standing left, holding corn-ears, bunch of grapes and sceptre.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22-24 mm, weight: 9,16g, axis: 0h,
mint: Caria, Tabae, date: A.D., ref: SNG Cop-559, SNG Aulock 2718, SNG München 545, Hunter 4; Weber Coll. 6586; BMC 74.
Q-001
quadrans
032_Hadrianus_(117-138_A_D_),_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Milne_,_Alexandria,_L_IH_Year-18_G-1109_D-1671_Q-001_0h_mm_gx-s.jpg
032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1109-1110, D-1671-1672, Egypt, Alexandria, L I H, Demeter and Euthenia,61 views032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1109-1110, D-1671-1672, Egypt, Alexandria, L I H, Demeter and Euthenia,
avers:- AΥT KAIC TPAIAN AΔPIANOC CEB, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L I H, Demeter standing right, holding corn-ears and torch, facing Euthenia, standing left, holding corn-ears and sceptre.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 133-134 A.D., Year (IH)18., ref: Emmett 941.18, Milne 1408, Geissen-1109-1110, Dattari-1671-1672, Kapmann-Ganschow-32.579-p-143, BMC -,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
GI_044b_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian Drachm - Pontos, Amisos25 viewsSilver drachm
Obv:– AVT KAI TPA ADPIANOC CEB P P VP G, Laureate bust left
Rev:– AMICOV ELEVQEPA-C ETOVC PXE, Demeter standing left holding corn ears & branched staff
Pontos, Amisos. Dated Year 166 of Amisos = 133-134 AD.
References:- cf SGI 1139, cf SNGvA 80. BMC Greek, pg. 22 Pontus 91. J.H. Nordbo, Imperial Silver Coinage of Amisus, 131/2-137/8 AD, Studies...Thomsen, p. 168, Year 166=133/4 AD, specimens 102-113
1 commentsmaridvnvm
049-Septimius-Severus_AE-24-xx_xxIVLxxL-SEP-SEV-xx-laureate-head-right-with-Countermark_CLI_COR_BMC-xx_Corinth_Q-001_5h_24mm_6,79gx-s~0.jpg
049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Corinth, AE-24, Demeter standing right,62 views049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Corinth, AE-24, Demeter standing right,
avers:- xxIVLxxL-SEP-SEV-xx, Laureate head right with Countermark (Yung boy head right).
revers:- CLI-COR, Demeter (?) standing right, holding sceptre (?) and patera.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 6,79g, axes: 5h,
mint: Corinth, date: 193-211 A.D., ref: ???,
Q-001
quadrans
062_Severus-Alexander_AE-25___CEVxx_________C-________-__N_Q-001_h_25mm_7,07g-s.jpg
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-25, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN,67 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-25, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN,
avers:- xxCEVxxΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟC-ΑΥ, Laurate head right.
revers:- ΝΙΚΑΙ-ΕΩN, Demeter, veiled, standing left, holding corn-ears and torch.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 7,07g, axis: 1h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: ,
Q-001
quadrans
1314_P_Sabina_RPC715.jpg
0715 THRACE, Perinthus. Sabina Demeter standing7 viewsReference.
RPC III, 715; Winterthur 1242

Obv. ϹΑΒΕΙΝΑ ϹΕΒΑϹΤΗ
Draped bust of Sabina, right

Rev. ΠΕΡΙΝΘΙⲰΝ
Demeter veiled standing l., holding two ears of corn in r. hand, l. resting on long sceptre

4.87 gr
20 mm
6h
okidoki
072_Gordianus-III_(238-244_A_D_)_AE-27_AVT-K-_-___-W-________C-(_V_)_V_-CAB-MO_ECTOV-NI-KO_O_EIT(_N)-(_P)_O-C-I-C_Nicop-ad-Istr_HHJ-08_36_5_1-Q-1-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ 08.36.05.01, AE-27, VΠ CAB MOΔECTOV NIKOΠOΛEIT(ΩN) (ΠP) O/C/I/C, Demeter standing frontal,65 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ 08.36.05.01, AE-27, VΠ CAB MOΔECTOV NIKOΠOΛEIT(ΩN) (ΠP) O/C/I/C, Demeter standing frontal,
avers:- AVT-K-Μ-ΑΝΤ-W-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC-(ΑVΓ), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear.
revers:- VΠ-CAB-MOΔECTOV-NI-KOΠOΛEIT(ΩN)-(ΠP)_O-C-I-C, Demeter standing frontal, head left, resting with raised left hand on long burning torch and holding in right hand grain-ears.
exe: -/O/C/I/C//--, diameter: 27mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, Sabinius Modestus 241-244 A.D., date: 241-244 A.D., ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov 08.36.5.1,
Q-001
quadrans
rjb_sab_02_06.jpg
117a52 viewsSabina
AE 20mm
Perinthus in Thrace
Demeter standing left
BMC -; Moushmov 4453; Varbanov 3764
mauseus
884_P_Hadrian_RPC1289.jpg
1289 PONTUS, Amisus Hadrian Drachm 136-37 AD Demeter standing24 viewsReference.
RPC III 1289; Rec 95, Nordbø 6c, 186-93 corr.

Issue Year 168 (PΞH)

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒ Π Π ΥΠ Γ
Bare head of Hadrian, r.

Rev. ΑΜΙСΟΥ ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΑС ΕΤΟΥС ΡΞΗ
Demeter standing l., holding patera in r. hand, l. resting on torch

2.89 gr
19 mm
6h
2 commentsokidoki
rjb_pius2_06_09.jpg
13822 views23 views
Antoninus Pius 138-61 AD
AE 18 mm
Nicomedia in Bithynia
Rev Demeter standing left
BMC 13
1 commentsmauseus
1316_P_Hadrian_RPC1384.jpg
1384 Hadrian, Cistophorus SARDIS Lydia, Demeter standing4 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1384; Metcalf 45; RIC 486

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare head right.

Rev. COS III
Demeter advancing right, holding grain stalks, and poppies in r. and transverse sceptre in l.; in upper r. field, star

10.65 gr
28 mm
7h
okidoki
1320_P_Hadrian_RPC1385.jpg
1385 Hadrian, Cistophorus SARDIS Lydia, Demeter standing5 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1385; Metcalf 46

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare head right.

Rev. COS III
Demeter advancing right, holding grain stalks, and poppies in r. and transverse sceptre in left

10.86 gr
26 mm
8h
okidoki
817_P_Sabina_RPC1525.JPG
1525 MYSIA, Cyzicus. Sabina Ae 27 Demeter22 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1525; Berlin 17747

Obv. СΑΒΕΙΝΑ СΕΒ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟΥ СΕΒ
Draped bust of Sabina, r., with hair coiled and piled on top of head above double stephane

Rev. ΚΥΖΙΚΗΝΩΝ
Demeter holding a torch in each hand in quadriga, right

13.42 gr
27 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
rjb_sev3_10_07.jpg
193b57 viewsSeptimius Severus 193-211 AD
AE 28 mm
Pautalia in Thrace
Demeter (I originally thought Hygieia) feeding serpent rising from basket, another serpent on staff
Ruzicka - (cf 314)
4 commentsmauseus
914_P_Hadrian_cf_RPC1991_Trajan.jpg
1991 IONIA, Erythrae Trajan Æ 28 Demeter standing10 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1991

Magistrate Preimos (strategos)

Obv. ΑΥ ΝΕΡΟΥΑΝ ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟΝ
Laureate head of Trajan, right

Rev. ΕΡΥΘΡΑΙΩΝ ΕΠΙ СΤΡΑ, ΠΡΕΙ-ΜΟΥ (in field, l. and r.)
Demeter standing l., wearing long chiton, holding ears of corn in r. hand and resting on long torch with l. hand

9.67 gr
28 mm
12h
okidoki
coins127.JPG
201a. Julia Domna11 viewsVesta

Vesta was introduced in Rome by King Numa Pompilius. She was a native Roman deity (some authors suggest received from the Sabine cults), sister of Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hera and Demeter, and presumably the daughter of Saturn and Ops (or Rea). However, the similarity with the cult of Greek Hestia is notable. Vesta too protected familial harmony and the res publica. Apollo and Neptune had asked for her in marriage, but she refused both, preferring to preserve her virginity, whose symbol was the perpetually lit fire in her circular fane next to the Forum which the Romans always distinguished from a temple by calling it her "house".

As Goddess of the Hearth she was the symbol of the home, around which a newborn child must be carried before it could be received into the family. Every meal began and ended with an offering to her:

Vesta, in all dwellings of men and immortals
Yours is the highest honor, the sweet wine offered
First and last at the feast, poured out to you duly.
Never without you can gods or mortals hold banquet.

Landscape with Vesta temple in Tivoli, Italy, c. 1600.Each city too had a public hearth sacred to Vesta, where the fire was never allowed to go out. If a colony was to be founded, the colonists carried with them coals from the hearth of the mother-city with which to kindle the fire on the new city's hearth.

The fire was guarded by her priestesses, the Vestales. Every March 1 the fire was renewed. It burned until 391, when the Emperor Theodosius I forbade public pagan worship. One of the Vestales was Rea Silvia, who with Mars conceived Romulus and Remus (see founding of Rome).

3070. Silver denarius, RIC 538, RSC 221, VF, 2.30g, 17.5mm, 0o, Rome mint, 193-196 A.D.; obverse IVLIA DOMNA AVG, draped bust right; reverse VESTA, Vesta seated left, holding palladium and scepter. Ex Forum
ecoli
coins7.JPG
202. Caracalla; Bithynia, Nicaea20 viewsCaracalla AE24 of Bithynia, Nicaea.

ANTWNINOC AVGOVCTOC, laureate head right
NIKAIEWN, Demeter standing left with corn ears and long torch.
ecoli
992_P_Sabina_RPC2089var_.JPG
2089 LYDIA, Tralles Sabina Ae 20 Demeter standing11 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2089; Paris 1659;SNG von Aulock -; SNG Copenhagen -; BMC -

Issue No magistrate name

Obv. СΑΒΕΙΝΑ СΕΒΑСΤΗ
Diademed and draped bust of Sabina, right

Rev. ΤΡΑΛΛΙΑΝΩΝ
Demeter standing l., holding poppy head's in her r. hand, l. resting on sceptre

5.60 gr
20 mm
7h
okidoki
826_P_Sabina_RPC2450.jpg
2450 LYDIA, Blaundus Sabina, Demeter standing36 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2450; SNG von Aulock -; SNG Copenhagen 92; BMC 73; SNG München 90; Waddington 4920.

Obv. СΑΒƐΙΝΑ СƐΒΑСΤΗ
Draped bust of Sabina, r., with hair coiled and piled on top of head above double stephane.

Rev, ΒΛΑΥΝΔƐΩΝ
Demeter veiled standing l., holding ears of corn and poppy-head in her r. hand, resting with l. on sceptre

6.0 gr
20 mm
6h

Note.
Plankenhorn Collection Lydia
okidoki
1268_P_Sabina_RPC2450.jpg
2450 LYDIA, Blaundus Sabina, Demeter standing15 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2450; SNG von Aulock -; SNG Copenhagen 92; BMC 73; SNG München 90; Waddington 4920.

Obv. СΑΒƐΙΝΑ СƐΒΑСΤΗ
Draped bust of Sabina, r., with hair coiled and piled on top of head above double stephane.

Rev, ΒΛΑΥΝΔƐΩΝ
Demeter veiled standing l., holding ears of corn and poppy-head in her r. hand, resting with l. on sceptre

5.47 gr
21 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
1043_P_Hadrian_RPC2745.jpg
2745 CILICIA, Coracesium. Hadrian Æ 18 Demeter standing10 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2745; Ziegler -; SNG BN 617; SNG Levante 390.

Obv. ΑΥ ΚΑΙ Τ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС
laureate head of Hadrian, right

Rev. ΚΟΡΑΚΗСΙωΤωΝ
Demeter wearing long chiton standing, l., holding ears of corn over lighted altar in her r. hand, l. resting on lighted torch

4.34 gr
18 mm
12h

Note.
Ex Dr. P. Vogl Collection; ex auction Sternberg 27, lot 436
okidoki
1048_P_Hadrian_RPC2764_2.jpg
2762 CILICIA, Syedra. Hadrian Æ 22 Demeter 9 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2764/2; Ziegler 109; SNG BN -; SNG Levante -; SNG Levante Supp. -

Obv. ΑΥΤΟ ΑΔΡΙΑΝω ΚΑΙСΑΡΙ СΕ
Laureate head of Hadrian, right

Rev. СΥΕΔΡΕωΝ
Demeter seated l., holding ears of corn in her r. hand and lighted torch in left

7.34 gr
22 mm
6h

Note.
Ex Dr. P. Vogl Collection; Hauck and Aufhäuser 20, 16 Oct. 2007, lot 307
okidoki
1004_P_Hadrian_RPC2762.jpg
2762A CILICIA, Syedra. Hadrian Æ 24 Demeter standing29 viewsReference.
RPC III 2764A

Obv. ΑΥΤΟ ΑΔΡΙΑΝω ΚΑΙСΑΡΙ СΕ
Laureate bust right.

Rev. СΥЄΔΡЄωΝ.
Demeter standing left, holding torch and grain ears.

6.62 gr
24 mm
6h
2 commentsokidoki
566_P_Hadrian_RPC2763.jpg
2763 CILICIA, Syedra. Hadrian Æ 17. Demeter standing13 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2763; Ziegler 109; SNG Pfälzer 1162-4;

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС ΚΑΙСΑΡ
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, right

Rev. СΥΕΔΡΕωΝ
Demeter seated left, holding ears of corn downwards in her right. hand and lighted torch in left

9.18 gr
23 mm
12h
okidoki
Faustina_II__Ruzicka_Pautalia_85.jpg
34-1 - 1 - FAUSTINA II (161 - 175 D.C.)27 views PAUTALIA Tracia

AE 20 mm 5.5 gr

Anv: ”[ΦΑΥCΤΕ]ΙΝΑ CΕΒΑCΤΗ” – Busto con vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: ”ΟΥΛΠΙΑΣ [ΠΑΥΤ]ΑΛΙΑC” – Demeter de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, portando pátera en la mano de su brazo derecho y largo cetro vertical en la izquierda. A sus piés un altar (Ara).

Acuñada: 161 – 175 D.C.

Referencias: Ruzicka, Pautalia #85 – Lischine #648a, 4a pl.XI – Vienna Kunsthistorisches Museum #8768
mdelvalle
Ruzicka_85_Pautalia_Tracia_Faustina_Jr.jpg
34-30 - FAUSTINA Jr. (161 - 175 D.C.)7 views PAUTALIA Tracia

AE 20 mm 5.5 gr

Anv: ”[ΦΑΥCΤΕ]ΙΝΑ CΕΒΑCΤΗ” – Busto con vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: ”ΟΥΛΠΙΑΣ [ΠΑΥΤ]ΑΛΙΑC” – Demeter de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, portando pátera en la mano de su brazo derecho y largo cetro vertical en la izquierda. A sus piés un altar (Ara).

Acuñada: 161 – 175 D.C.

Referencias: Ruzicka, Pautalia #85 – Lischine #648a, 4a pl.XI – Vienna Kunsthistorisches Museum #8768
mdelvalle
413_P_Hadrian.jpg
4096 DECAPOLIS Philadelphia. Hadrian Demeter19 viewsReference.
RPC III, 4096; Spijkerman 15; SNG ANS 1384; Rosenberger 16; Sofaer 17.

Obv: ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟC CEBACTOC.
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear.

Rev: ΦΙΛΑΔΕΛΦΕΩΝ.
Veiled and draped bust of Demeter right, holding grain ears.

7.05 gr.
20 mm.

Note.
Philadelphia is now Amman (Jordan)
okidoki
Moushmov_4166_Pautalia_Septimio_Severo.jpg
46-70 - SEPTIMIO SEVERO (193 - 211 D.C.)7 viewsULPIA PAUTALIA, Tracia

AE Pentassarion 30 mm 14.6 gr.

Anv: "AV KΛ CEΠTI CEVHPOC ΠΠP" – Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "OVΛΠIAC ΠAVTAΛIAC" – Demeter estante a derecha, portando larga antorcha en su mano derecha y espigas de cebada en la izquierda.

Acuñada: 193 - 211 D.C.

Referencias: Moushmov #4166 - Ruzicka #312 - Varbanov II #4711 Pag.403
mdelvalle
Heliogabalo_Nicopolis_Demeter.jpg
53 - 6 - 1 - HELIOGABALO (218 - 222 D.C.)48 viewsNICOPOLIS ad ISTRUM Moesia Inferior
Legado Consular Novius RUFUS

AE 27 mm 14.3 gr

Anv: ”AV [T K M AVPH ANTΩNINOC” – Busto laureado, vistiendo coraza y paludamentum sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: ”VΠ NOBIOV ΠOVΦOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC - ICTPΩ en exergo – Demeter estante a izquierda, portando espigas en mano derecha y larga antorcha encendida en izquierda.

Acuñada: 218 - 222 D.C.

Referencias: Moushmov #1396 var. - Muy rara variante de AMNG I/1 #1905, pués esta tiene el busto radiado. Pick menciona una pieza similar (busto laureado) en la colección de Mandl, pero no la lista.
mdelvalle
Moushmov_1396_NICOPOLIS_Heliogabalo.jpg
53-40 - Nicopolis ad Istrum - HELIOGABALO (218 - 222 D.C.)13 viewsNICOPOLIS ad ISTRUM Moesia Inferior
Legado Consular Novius RUFUS

AE Tetrasarión
27 mm 14.3 gr

Anv: ”AV [T K M AVPH ANTΩNINOC” – Busto laureado, vistiendo coraza y paludamentum sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: ”VΠ NOBIOV ΠOVΦOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC - ICTPΩ en exergo – Demeter estante a izquierda, portando espigas en mano derecha y larga antorcha encendida en izquierda.

Acuñada: 218 - 222 D.C.

Referencias: Moushmov #1396 var. - Muy rara variante de AMNG I/1 #1905, pués esta tiene el busto radiado. Pick menciona una pieza similar (busto laureado) en la colección de Mandl, pero no la lista, Varbanov I #3958 var. P.321
mdelvalle
1132_P_Hadrian_RPC5314.jpg
5314 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 121-22 AD Demeter standing16 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5314; Emmett 830.6 (unknown year); Dattari 1330; Milne --

issue L Ϛ = year 6

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r crescent

Rev. L Ϛ
Demeter standing facing, head r., holding ears of corn and torch.

13.10 gr
25 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
309_P_Hadrian_Emmett830_11.jpg
5641 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 126-27 AD Demeter standing11 viewsReference.
Emmett 830.11; Köln 940; Dattari 1341; Milne 1175; RPC III,5641

Issue L ΕΝΔΕΚΑΤΟΥ = year 11

Obv. AUT KAI TRAI AΔRIA CEB
laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind

Rev. LENΔ-EKA-TOV
Demeter standing right, holding long torch and grain ears with poppies.

9.12 gr
25 mm
okidoki
738_P_Hadrian_Emmett1150_11.jpg
5683 EGYPT, Alexandria Hadrian Obol 126-27 AD Demeter standing 20 viewsReference.
Emmett 1150.11; RPC III, 5683; Köln; 956. Dattari 1664.

Issue L ΙΑ = year 11

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ - ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L ΙΑ
Demeter standing facing, veiled head r., holding torch and ears of corn.

4.42 gr
18.50 mm
12h

Note.
From the E.E. Clain Stefanelli collection
okidoki
554_P_Hadrian_Emmett941.jpg
5886 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 133-34 AD Demeter standing vis-à-vis Euthenia21 viewsReference.
Emmett 941.18; RPC III, 5886; Köln 1109; Dattari (Savio) 1672; K&G 32.579 var. (placement of date)

Issue L IH = year 18

Obv.ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝ - ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., seen from rear

Rev. L ΙΗ
Demeter standing facing, head r., holding torch and ears of corn; to r., Euthenia standing facing, head l., holding ears of corn and sceptre.

22.34 gr
33 mm
12h
okidoki
35_P_Hadrian__Dattari_1335.jpg
6131 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 136-37 AD Demeter standing25 viewsReference.
Emmett 832.21 Köln 1209 Dattari 1335; RPC III, 6131

Issue L KA = year 21

Obv. AYT KAIC TPA AΔPIANOC CEB
Laureate head right.

Rev. L KA
Demeter standing left, holding grain-ears and poppies with her right hand and a long torch in left.

13.39 gr
21-24 mm.
okidoki
Moushmov_2892_ANCHIALUS_Maximino_I.jpg
62-20 - MAXIMINO I (235-238 D.C.)19 viewsAnchialos/Anquialos, Tracia
Hoy Pomorie, Bulgaria, en la costa sur del Mar Muerto

AE26 26 mm 13.6 gr.

Anv: "AVT MAΣIMEINOC EVCEBHC AV", Cabeza laureada a derecha.
Rev: "AΓXIA-ΛEΩN", Demeter sentada a izq. en una Cesta Mística, portando espigas en mano der. y larga antorcha vertical en izq. donde se enrosca una serpiente.

Acuñada 235-238 D.C.

Referencias: Varbanov II #489 (R4) Pag.48, Moushmov #2892, Strack #596
mdelvalle
842_P_Hadrian_Emmett1078_21.jpg
6229 EGYPT, Alexandria Hadrian Hemidrachm 136-37 AD Demeter standing12 viewsReference
RPC III, 6229.4 (this coin illustrated). Dattari-Savio pl. 79, 7603 (this coin); Emmett 1078.21

Issue L KA = year 21

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝ - ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., seen from rear.

Rev. L ΚΑ
Demeter standing facing, head l., holding ears of corn and long torch.

17.74 gr
30 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection.
Extremely rare, only two specimens known and both from the Dattari collection.
okidoki
597_P_Hadrian_Emmett1246.jpg
6381 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Nome Obol 126-27 AD Hathor/Aphrodite22 viewsReference.
Emmett 1244.11; RPC III, 6381

Issue Aphroditopolite

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ СΕΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder.

Rev. ΑΦΡΟΔΙ, L ΙΑ
Hathor/Aphrodite standing, facing, head l., wearing feathers between two spurs, holding in r. hand figure of Demeter veiled, standing, r., torch in r. hand, and something circular in l. hand, and in l. hand, figure of Isis standing, facing

4.18 gr
18 mm
12h
okidoki
Moushmov_119_DIONISOPOLIS_Gordiano_III.jpg
69-60 - Dionisopolis - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.)20 viewsDionisopolis, Moesia Inferior

AE Pentassarion 26 mm 8.0 gr.

Anv: "AVT K M" en exergo, "ANTΩNIOC ΓOΡΔIANOC AVΓ", Busto laureado, vest. y acoraz de Gordiano a derecha, enfrentado a Serapis.
Rev: "ΔΙΟΝΥCΟ - ΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ", Demeter estante a izq., portando espigas en mano der. y largo ctro vertical en izq. "E" en campo der.

Acuñada 238 - 244 D.C.

Referencias: Varbanov I #538 (R3) Pag.92, Moushmov #119, AMNG I/1 #387 Pag.135, Mionnet S.2 #80 Pag.67, ANS #1997.32.162
mdelvalle
Thelpusa.jpg
Achaea. Arcadia, Thelpusa. Septimius Severus AE17. Unpublished106 viewsPeloponnesus. Thelpusa, Arcadia. Septimius Severus bust rt., Θ Ε Λ in wreath. Obverse die and reverse type not listed in BCD. BCD Pelop. I -; BCD Pelop II -; SNG Cop -; BMC -.

Thelpusa or Thelpousa (Greek: Θέλπουσα, also known as Telphusa/Τέλφουσα or Thelphusa/Θέλφουσα) was an ancient city-state in Azania in Arcadia.

The city was built on the left bank of the Ladon and bounded with Kleitor and Psophis. The name comes from the nymph Thelpousa or Thelpusa, daughter of Ladon. The city contained the temple of Eleusinian Demeter, and nearby, a stone statue of the goddess of the daughter and Dionysus and Ongius, chief of Thelpousa and the son of Apollo, Asclepius' children with the memory of Trygon and the temple of the twelve gods. When Pausanias] visited the city, Thelpousa was abandoned and ruined for many years. In 352 BC, its city residents took part with the Lacedaemonians. It was a member of the Achaean League and was cut off from the rights of law. Thelpusa was the patriot of Asclepius and Artion.
ancientone
Achaia,_Dyme,_AE_Dichalkon.jpg
Achaia, Dyme, ca. 300-250 BC, Æ Dichalkon11 viewsVeiled head of Demeter right.
ΔY within wreath with ties to left.

HGC 5, 37 (R1); BCD Peloponnesos 476; BMC 2; Traite 834, MG 29; SNG Copenhagen (Phliasia) 145.

(16 mm, 2.18 g, 8h).
Classical Numismatic Group, February 2009; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); found in Thessaly according to BCD collection tag.

Minor softness on reverse.
Very rare, less than a dozen specimens known.
n.igma
cilicia_adana.jpg
Adana; AE17; Demeter/ Zeus27 viewsCilicia, Adana, 164 B.C. and later, AE 17, 6.38g. SNG Levante-1207. Obv: Head of Demeter r. Rev: Zeus std. l., holding scepter and Nike. Fine. Ex H.J.BerkPodiceps
adana.jpg
Adana; Demeter/ horse, Δ 37 viewsAdana, Cilicia, 164 B.C. - Imperial times, AE 17mm, 4.9g; Head of Demeter r./ ΑΔΑΝΕΩΝ, Horse left, Δ before. Levante Adana 59 var. Podiceps
Elaea~0.jpg
Aeolis, Elaea. AE1622 views
Obv: Head of Persephone or Demeter right, wreathed with grain.
Rev: EΛ-AI/T-ΩN, torch within grain wreath.
BMC Aeolis p. 127, 20
ancientone
elaea.jpg
Aeolis, Elaea. Augustus AE14. Magistrate Socrates29 viewsElaea, Aeolis, AE14, Pseudo-autonomous. Time of Augustus(uncertain).
Obv: EPI SWKRATOU, Head of Demeter right.
Rev: E-LA/IT-WN, torch within wreath.
RPC I 2410 / BMC 29.

ancientone
commodusCrispina.jpg
Aeolis, Elaea. Commodus AE18. Crispina as Demeter59 viewsObv: AVT K L AVR KOMODOC, Laureate and draped bust right, from behind.
Rev: ELAITWN, Crispina as Demeter, bust right, holding corn-ears and poppy.
BMC 47
ancientone
DSCN5810.jpg
AEOLIS, Elaia. 2nd-1st century BC. AE16mm.20 viewsAEOLIS, Elaia. 2nd-1st century BC.
Obv.Head of Demeter right, wearing grain wreath
Rev.Torch within grain wreath, EΛ-AI/T-ΩN.
Ref. SNG München 395; SNG Copenhagen 181-5, Sear 4206.
Lee S
IMG_2200.JPG
AEOLIS: Elaia8 viewsAEOLIS, Elaia. 2nd-1st century BC. Æ 16mm. Head of Demeter right, wearing grain wreath / Torch within grain wreath, EΛ-AI/T-ΩN. SNG München 395; SNG Copenhagen 181-5, Sear 4206.Molinari
agrippina_jr.jpg
Agrippina Jr; Obol, Agrippina as Demeter/ kalathos54 viewsAgrippina Junior, Augusta 50 - March 59 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Bronze obol, Dattari 179; Milne 127; BMC Alexandria p. 14, 111 var (year 12); Geissen -; SNG France -, Emmett 105 (R4), Fair/Poor, Alexandria mint, 4.907g, 23.7mm, 52 - 53 A.D.; obverse “AGRIPPINA” C“EBA”C“TH”, bust of Agrippina right, as Demeter, wreathed with grain; reverse, kalathos (modius) containing stalks of grain and poppy heads bound with flower wreath, flanked on each side by a flaming torch bound with fillet, L I“G” (year 13) in ex; rare. Ex FORVMPodiceps
elaia_aiolis_torch.jpg
AIOLIS, ELAEA71 viewsAE 15 mm 2.25 g
Ca. 27 BC - 14 AD
OBV: [EPI] S-W/ KRA[TOY[
HEAD OF DEMETER R, WREATHED WITH CORN
REV: E-L-A/ITWN SURROUNDING TORCH
WITHIN WREATH
AEOLIS, ELAEA
RPC I 2410 (1-5); BMC 13 S127, 28
RARE
laney
elaia_commodus_SNGcop199.jpg
Aiolis, Elaia, Commodus, SNG Copenhagen 19919 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 21, 2.46g
obv. AV KAI - KOMMODO
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. ELAIT - WN
Bust of Crispina as Demeter or Persephone, drsped and diademed, r., holding in l. hand poppy and 2
grain-ears
ref. SNG Copenhagen 199; SNG von Aulock 1641; SNG München 431; SNG Leypold 515; BMC Aiolis p.131, 47
about VF, nice green patina, elegant depiction
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

Elaia was the harbour of Pergamon.
Jochen
Aitna_Persephone.JPG
Aitna, Sicily54 views210-150 BC (Roman rule)
AE Hexas (16.5mm, 3.89g)
O: Head of Persephone right, wreathed in grain.
R: Filleted cornucopia; two pellets in upper right, AITNAI−ΩN upward to left.
HGC 2, 70; Calciati III, 152, 11; SNG ANS 1165; SNG München 26; Sear 1019v (pellets to left); BMC 5, 8
ex Forvm Ancient Coins

Demeter and Persephone
"…As Queen of Death, that worship which is Fear,
Henceforth, as having risen from out the dead,
Shalt ever send thy life along with mine…"
~Alfred Lord Tennyson
1 commentsEnodia
Alexander_III_-_countermark.jpg
Alexander III - AR drachm14 viewsmint ?
323-200 BC ?
head of young Heracles in lionskin right
countermark: Kalchedon ? - head of Demeter ?, bee below, (KA) right
Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter
AΛEΞANΔPOY
zum Gegenstempel vgl. Price, Alexander, S. 69
probably same as: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-10207
ex Sol numismatic
Johny SYSEL
LarryW2335.jpg
Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Lampsakos mint, 328-323 BC18 viewsAR drachm, 16mm, 4.25g, aEF
Head Herakles right wearing lion's skin knotted at neck / AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre, both feet forward. Demeter facing with two torches in left field, Δ over O below throne. Lifetime issue.
Price 1356, Müller 398; Thompson 71, series V
Sold by Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
Alexander_lifetime_drachm.jpg
Alexander the Great 336-323 b.c.205 viewsAlexander the Great
Lifetime issue drachm
Lampsakos mint, 328-323 b.c.
O. Herakles head right wearing lion's skin
R. Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre, both feet forward, Demeter facing with two torches in left field.
b70
alexander_drachm.jpg
Alexander the Great 336-323 b.c.214 viewsLifetime Issue Silver Drachm
aEF, 4.253g 16.3mm 45 deg, Lampsakos mint, Price 1356, Muller 398; Thompson 71, Series V
O: Herakles head right wearing lion's skin knotted at neck.
R:Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre, both feet forward, Demeter facing with two torches in left field.
3 commentsb70
Anazar.jpg
Anazarbus, Cilicia35 viewsPseudo-autonomous
113/114 AD (Reign of Trajan)
AE Assaria (19mm, 4.53g)
O: Veiled and draped bust of Demeter right; two grain ears and poppy head before.
R: Veiled bust of Artemis Perasia right, wearing polos; torch before.
Ziegler 101; SNG France 2026
From the B/N collection. ex Munzhandlung Ritter
4 commentsEnodia
Anazar~0.jpg
Anazarbus, Cilicia13 viewsPseudo-autonomous
113/114 AD (Reign of Trajan)
AE Assaria (19mm, 4.53g)
O: Veiled and draped bust of Demeter right; two grain ears and poppy head before.
R: Veiled bust of Artemis Perasia right, wearing polos; torch before.
Ziegler 101; SNG France 2026
From the B/N collection. ex Munzhandlung Ritter
1 commentsEnodia
Ant_Pius_Tet_4.jpg
Antoninus Pius13 viewsANTONINUS PIUS
BI Tetradrachm, Alexandria, Egypt. 140–141 BC.
Laureate head of Antoninus Pius with traces of drapery, r. / Veiled and draped bust of Demeter, r., wearing kalathos decorated with crescent, torch on shoulder, L Δ (year)
Milne 1654, eEF/VF
Sosius
Antoninus_Pius_Varbanov_II_1431.jpg
Antoninus Pius, AE28. Bizya, Thracia, Demeter, Varbanov II 1431, Rare (R6)18 viewsAntoninus Pius
Augustus, 138 - 161 A.D.

Coin: AE28

Obverse: AVT KAI TAI AΔPI ANTΩNINOC, laureate bust facing right.
Reverse: HΓE ΠOMOVO ΠEICKOV BIZVHNΩN, Demeter, seated left, holding Wheat-ears with her right hand and a Sceptre with her left.

Weight: 14.77 g, Diameter: 28 x 26.5 x 2.8 mm, Die axis: 210°, Mint: Bizya, Thracia, struck under the Consular Legate P. Piscus, Reference: Varbanov II 1431

Rated Rare (R6, 50 - 100 examples known)
Masis
Argolis,_Hermione,_AE_Chalkous_-_BCD_1298_5_(this_coin).jpg
Argolis, Hermione, 360-320/10 BC, Æ Dichalkon12 views Wreathed head of Demeter Chthonia right.
Torch between letters E and P, all within a wreath of grain.

HGC 5, 754 (S); Grandjean Group II, emission 3B d40/r38; BCD Peloponnesos 1298.5 (this coin); Lindgren 1692 (this coin); BMC 15.

(13 mm, 1.80 g, 12h).
Kirk Davis Classical Numismatics, October 2008; Kirk Davis Catalogue 50, Fall 2006, 51; ex-BCD Collection: LHS 96, 8-9 May 2006, 1298.5; ex- Henry Clay Lindgren Collection #1692
n.igma
Hermione_Triobol___BCD_Peloponnesos_1302_(this_coin).jpg
Argolis, Hermione, ca. 280-250 BC, AR Triobol 24 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
EP monogram above ΔI, all within wreath of grain.

BCD Peloponnesos 1302 (this coin); HGC 5, 748; Grandjean, Monnayage Group II, Emission 8, D16/R25 (this coin cited).

(15 mm, 2.58 g, 11h)
Auctiones GmbH 47, 24 April 2016, 25; ex- BCD Collection: LHS Numismatics 96, 8-9 May 2006, 1302; ex- GMRH, May 1979, SFr 500 (per BCD ticket); ex- Ashmolean Museum from the E.S.G. Robinson Collection, donated to the Ashmolean, disposed of as a duplicate.

This coin has a notable provenance that can be traced back to the collection of Edward Stanley Gotch Robinson (1887-1976) a classical numismatist and the Keeper of the Coin and Medal Department at the British Museum 1949-1952. He endowed the Ashmolean with his coin collection in 1964. Within three years of his death the Ashmolean disposed of this coin from the collection, despite the type being extremely rare. That's gratitude for you!
n.igma
Argolis,_Hermione,_AR_Triobol_.jpg
Argolis, Hermione, ca. 360-320/10 BC, AR Triobol 27 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
EP monogram within wreath.

HGC 5, 745 (R2); Grandjean, Monnayage group I, emission 1A, D1/R2 (this coin cited = Coll. N. Davis169 (= Coll. Jameson 1259)); BCD Peloponnesos 1288 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 136; Jameson 1259 (this coin); Dewing 1932 (same dies).

(15 mm, 2.84 g, 11h)
Classical Numismatic Group Mail Bid Auction 79, 17 September 2008, 295; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); ex- 'Continental' collection: Classical Numismatic Group XXIV, 9 December 1992, 255; ex- N. DAvis Collection; ex- Jameson Collection.

This triobol is the coin catalogued by Grandjean as D1/R2 Coll. N. Davis 169 (= Coll. Jameson 1259). It passed into the BCD Collection via CNG XXIV (1992) after the publication of Granjean's work in 1990. The Jameson collection was auctioned in Paris in the years 1913-1932.
1 commentsn.igma
Argolis,_Hermione,_AR_Triobol.jpg
Argolis, Hermione, ca. 360-320/10 BC, AR Triobol 12 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
EP monogram within wreath.

HGC 5, 745 (R2); Grandjean, Monnayage group I, emission 1A, D3/R2 (this coin cited = Coll. BCD. 12); BCD Peloponnesos 1287; SNG Copenhagen 136.

(15 mm, 2.58 g, 7h).
Classical Numismatic Group; ex- BCD Collection; ex- Malcolm Hay (January 1975).
n.igma
21A116.jpg
Argolis, Hermione. ca 210 BC.88 viewsAE Dichalkon 2.26g
Obv: Head of Demeter, right
Rev: EP between two torches in wreath.
BCD 1305.1 (this coin). Agora 794.
ex Pegasi A21-116.
1 commentsDino
IMG_0004_1.JPG
Argolis, Hermione. Circa 350-300 BC. 72 viewsAR Triobol.
ovv: Wreathed head of Demeter left, in single pendant earring & necklace
rev: EP monogram within grain wreath.
SNG Lockett 2510; Jameson 1259; SNG Cop 136.
2 commentsDino
Argolis,_Hermione,_AE_Chalkous,_CNG_833013.jpg
Argolis, Hermione. 360-320/10 BC, Æ Chalkous13 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
Torch; E-P across field; all within wreath of grain ears.

HGC 5, 753 (C); Grandjean Group I, emission 2B, d38/r36 (this coin cited as Coll. BCD, 25); BCD Peloponnesos 1297.

(12 mm, 2.06 g, 12h).
Classical Numismatic Group, July 2009; ex- BCD Collection, purchased from Leu, January 1979; ex- Jacob Hirsch (1874-1955) with his ticket; ex- Professor Athanasios Rhousopoulos (1823-1898) Collection (R/G 5310 = Rhousopuolos Griechen 5310 per Hirsch ticket).
n.igma
Argolis,_Hermione,_AE_Chalkous.jpg
Argolis, Hermione. 360-320/10 BC, Æ Chalkous11 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
Torch between letters E and P, all within wreath of grain.

HGC 5, 753 (C); Grandjean Group I, emission 2B, d28/r24 (this coin cited as Coll. BCD, 17); BMC 8; BCD Peloponnesos 1297;Weber 4241; SNG Copenhagen 140-3.

(13 mm, 2.36 g, 12h).
Classical Numismatic Group; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); ex- Munz Zentrum Sale XLIII, 27 April 1981, 86.
n.igma
Argolis,_Hermione,_AE_Chalkous~0.jpg
Argolis, Hermione. Circa 360-320/10 BC, Æ Chalkous13 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
Torch between letters E and P, all within wreath of grain.

HGC 5, 753 (C); Grandjean Group I, emission 2B, d25/r24 (this coin cited as Coll. BCD, 13); BCD Peloponnesos 1297.

(13 mm, 2.08 g, 12h).
John Jencek; ex- BCD Collection; ex- The Fountainhead of Fine Coins (December 1980); Found on the Megara acropolis according to Grandjean’s catalogue.
n.igma
IMGP1310Art1_combo.jpg
Artabanos I., 127 -124 BC;22 viewsAR tdr., 16,22gr, 20.54mm; Sellwood 21.4var., Shore --, Sunrise 275-277var.,
16,22gr, 20,54mm, undated issue;
mint: Seleukia, axis: 12:30h
obv.: bare-headed, w/diadem, knot and 2 wide ribbons; short, cap like hair, medium long beard; earring, torque ending in griffin(?); cuirass; complete barbell border;
rev.: Demeter (?) on throne, left, holding winged goddess on left outstretched arm, cornucopia in right arm; Nereid as left rear seat leg; 2 line legend in 1+1 format: BAΣIΛΩΣ APΣAKOY; below exergual line 2 composite monograms, in left outside field horse's head;

ex: CNG 63.
Schatz
erf_rp3040.jpg
Athena Panthea - Goddess of one-stop shopping490 viewsAttributes: the wings of Nike, the rudder of Tyche, the sistrum of Isis, the grain ears of Demeter, the cornucopia of nearly everybody, and her own shield.1 commentsflinn
NOW_BOTH_DIONYSOS~0.jpg
Athens New Style Tetradrachm 104/3 BC5 viewsObs: Athena Parthenos right in tri-form helmet
32mm !6.75g Thompson issue 61
Thompson catalogue Obs 802 : Rev h (not in plates)
Rev : ΑΘΕ ethnic
Owl standing on overturned panathenaic amphora
on which month mark Η ? control ΑΠ below
3 magistrates : ANDREAS CHIRANAUTES DEMETRI
RF symbol : Dionysus & Demeter
All within a surrounding olive wreath
cicerokid
Eleusis_AE.JPG
Athens, Attica132 viewsEleusinian Festival Coinage
340-335 BC
AE 16 (16mm, 3.65g)
O: Triptolemos seated left in winged chariot drawn by two serpents, holding grain ear in right hand.
R: Pig standing right on mystic staff; EΛEYΣI above, bucranium in ex.
SNG Cop 416; Sear 2586v

The Sons of Dysaules
The story of Triptolemus being charged with bringing agriculture to man has been well told. That of his brother Eubouleus perhaps less so.
Eubouleus was a swineherd whose pigs were lost when the Earth gaped open to swallow up Persephone.
Pigs were sacrificed during the Eleusinian Rites in a women’s mystery ritual known as the Thesmophoria. The piglets would be washed in the sea during the Procession and then brought back to the Sanctuary and ritually slaughtered.
It is interesting to note that in ancient Greek religion pigs were thought to be able to absorb miasma from humans, making this an even more appropriate offering.

"It is said, then, that when Demeter came to Argos she was received by Pelasgos into his home, and that Khrysanthis, knowing about the rape of Kore, related the story to her. Afterwards Trokhilos, the priest of the mysteries, fled, they say, from Argos because of the enmity of Agenor, came to Attika and married a woman of Eleusis, by whom he had two children Eubouleos and Triptolemos. That is the account given by the Argives."
~ Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 14. 3
8 commentsEnodia
BCC_G18_Roman_Gem_.jpg
BCC g1839 viewsRoman Gem Stone
Intaglio 1st-3rd cent.CE
Caesarea Maritima
Female figure, possibly Demeter / Hygeia,
standing left, holding sacrificial bowl and
sceptre? or snake.
Translucent Red Carnelian
10.5x7.8x2.5mm. 0.29gm.
cf. Amorai-Stark, Hershkovitz, “Gemstones,
Finger Rings, and Seal Boxes from Caesarea
Maritima, The Hendler Collection”, #52 and
#54. c. Shay Hendler, Tel Aviv 2016.

Also possible, but perhaps less likely: Venus
standing. cf. Anit Hamburger, "Gems from
Caesarea Maritima", Atiqot English Series,
Vol. VIII, 1968, #45.
v-drome
ant_tessera.jpg
BCC Lt139 viewsLead Tessera
1st to 4th century CE
Obv: Ant
Rev: blank
8.0x8.5mm 0.87gm.
The ant, an attribute of Demeter,
is represented on at least five
gemstones found at Caesarea.
Hendler Collection #50, 56, and 132.
A.Hamburger #159, and 160.
v-drome
demeter_dion_BCC_LT24.jpg
BCC LT2437 viewsLead Tessera
Caesarea Maritima
Obv: Demeter facing, head turned right,
holding torch (and grain).
Rev: Dionysus standing left, thyrsus in
left hand, (?) in right, Panther at feet.
The tetrastyle temple represented on coins
of Caesarea show Tyche-Astarte in the center,
possibly flanked by Demeter on the left and
Dionysos on the right. (Kadman, pp. 53 f.)
Truncated conical shape.
8.5 x 10mm 1.08gm. Axis:180
v-drome
DecapolisCM.jpg
Bearded male head195 views8895. Bronze AE 18, Spijkerman 1a, VF, Decapolis, Philadelphia mint, 7.45g, 18.0mm, 315o, 80 - 81 A.D.; obverse FILADELFEWN, diademed, draped and veiled bust of Demeter left, countermarked with a bearded male head; reverse G - M / L- P ( = Year 143 = 80 / 81 A.D. ), five ears of corn, leaf on either side; $70.00. Forum catalog.
whitetd49
BHM_1061__Elgin_Marbles_East_IV_24-27.jpg
BHM 1061. The Elgin Marbles, East Frieze IV 24-27.79 viewsObv. THE ELGIN MARBLES DEDICATED BY PERMISSION TO HIS MAJESTY GEORGE IV The Royal Coat of Arms with supporters.
Rev. CASTOR POLLUX CERES AND TRIPTOLEMUS THOMASON DIREXIT Hermes, Dionysos(?), Demeter and Ares seated.

AE48

The British Museum writes about the fragment depicted:
24-25. Hermes, a messenger god, sits looking in the direction of the procession. He wears sandals and a traveller's hat (petasos) rests on his knee. The figure who leans on his shoulder is probably Dionysos, god of wine. His left arm was supported by a staff (thyrsos).
26. Demeter, goddess of growing corn, was shown resting her chin (now missing) upon her hand. In Greek art this was a conventional gesture of mourning. Her grief is for her daughter Persephone, who was abducted by the god of the Underworld. In her left hand Demeter holds a torch, the symbol of the Eleusinian Mysteries, of which she was the patron.
27. Ares, god of war, sits with one knee cradled in his hands, while his left foot rests on the haft of a spear. Part of the weapon is just visible below the ankle bone. The rest of it must have been painted on the stone.
LordBest
piusnicomedia.jpg
Bithynia, Nicomedia. Antoninus Pius AE18. Demeter33 viewsCity; Province; Region Nicomedia; Bithynia-Pontus; Bithynia
Date 138–161
Obverse design Laurate head of Antoninus Pius, r.
Obverse inscription ΑΥΤO ΚΑΙΣΑΡ ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝΟΣ
Reverse design veiled Demeter standing, facing, head, l., holding short sceptre and two ears of corn
Reverse inscription ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΕΩΣ ΝΕΩΚΟΡ ΝΕΙΚΟΜΗΔΕΙ
Metal Bronze
Average diameter 17 mm
Average weight 2.98 g
Type reference McClean III, 7510, pl. 257.3
1 commentsancientone
062_Severus-Alexander_AE-25___CEVxx_________C-________-__N_Q-001_h_25mm_7,07g-s~0.jpg
Bithynia, Nikaia, 062 Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), AE-25, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, 63 viewsBithynia, Nikaia, 062 Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), AE-25, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN,
avers:- xxCEVxxΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟC-ΑΥ, Laurate head right.
revers:- ΝΙΚΑΙ-ΕΩN, Demeter, veiled, standing left, holding corn-ears and torch.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 7,07g, axis: 1h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: ,
Q-001
quadrans
nikaia_elagabal_RecGen420.jpg
Bithynia, Nikaia, Elagabal, Rec. Gen. 42013 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 22, 5.2g
obv. M.AVR.ANTWNEINOC.AVG
Laureate head r.
rev. NIKAI - EWN
Torch of Demeter with grain-easrs and poppy, entwined by snake, head upwards
ref. Rec. Gen. 420 (?)
F+, stripped

This type is not known for Elagabal. But the coin for Caracalla in Rec. Gen. has the same rev. and the same obv. legend. caracalla in error?
Jochen
01016AB.jpg
BOEOTIA, Federal Coinage, Circa 250 BC49 viewsAR Drachm, 18mm, 4.96 g

O. Head of Demeter or Kore (Persephone) facing slightly right, wearing wreath of grain ears
R. Poseidon, naked, standing right, resting on trident and holding dolphin; ΒΟΙΩΤΩΝ to left; ΔI above Boiotian shield to right

BCD Boiotia 93
2 commentsAZRobbo
ALS.jpg
Bronze - ACHAIA, Achaean League, Sikyon. ca. 251 B.C.78 viewsÆ Tetrachalkon
20x17.5.
Obv. Zeus Amarios standing l. holding Nike and scepter, AT monogram before.
Rv. Demeter Panachaea seated l. holding wreath and scepter; AXAIΩN (ΣI) KYΩN(ΩN). Cf.SNG Cop 330-1. Rare. Upper margin flatly struck. Olive-brown. Very Fine.

ex Stack's St. Ludovico and Firth of Clyde Collection sale, lot 1100.
CGPCGP
Bruttium,_Brettii,_Under_Hannibal_(215-205_BC),_AR-quarter_shekel,_Tanit-Demeter_l_,_Horse_r_,_SNG_Cop_369,_HN_Italy_2020,__Q-001,_0h,_13,5mm,_1,67g-s.jpg
Bruttium, Brettii, Under Hannibal, (215-205 B.C.), AR-Quarter Shekel, SNG Cop 369, -/-//--, Free horse standing right,231 viewsBruttium, Brettii, Under Hannibal, (215-205 B.C.), AR-Quarter Shekel, SNG Cop 369, -/-//--, Free horse standing right,
avers: Head of Tanit-Demeter left, wreathed with grain, in pendant earring and necklace.
reverse: Free horse standing right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 13,5mm, weight: 1,67g, axes: 0h,
mint: Bruttium, Brettii, date: 215-205 B.C., ref: SNG Cop 369, Robinson, NC 1964, p. 53, 3., HN Italy 2020.,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
IMG_9348.JPG
BRUTTIUM, Petelia15 viewsBRUTTIUM, Petelia. Circa 214-212 BC. Æ 20mm
Veiled head of Demeter right / [PETHLINWN], Zeus standing left, head reverted, holding thunderbolt and sceptre; star to left, F to right. Caltabiano, Petelia 3; SNG ANS 602 var. (N not F); HN Italy 2454.
ecoli
Erythrai_senate_demeter.jpg
Bust of Senate r./ Demeter standing left; AE 1813 viewsIonia Erythrae; Imperial times; Æ18.3mm, 3.76g; Obverse: Bust of the Senate right. Reverse: Demeter standing left, holding ears of grain over altar. BMC 229. Podiceps
commodus.jpg
Caesarea maritima mint Commodus 177-192 A.D. AE2175 viewsObv:laureate headed of commodus wearing cuirass and paludamentum
IM COMMODUS
Rev:Demeter standing holding long sceptre
COL PRIMA F AVG CAESA
Kedman 60
Maritima
CaraStobe_157.JPG
Caracalla, AE 23 Diassaria32 viewsM AVR ANTONINVS A C
Bust laureate, cuirassed, right
MVNICI STOBEN
Nike-Demeter standing right, head radiate, standing right holding snake entwined torch and cornucopia
Josifovski -, but reverse die is JD R99
Kuzmanovic Collection 1003
1 commentswhitetd49
CaraStobe161.JPG
Caracalla, AE 24 Diassaria25 viewsM AVR ANTONINVS A C
Bust laureate, cuirassed, right
MVNICI STOBEN
Nike-Demeter standing facing, head right, radiate, hold snake entwined staff and cornucopia
Josifovski 475 - 476 (V8, R162-163)
Varbanov 4038
Kuzmanovic Collection 1001 - 1002
whitetd49
CaraHadDemet.JPG
Caracalla, AE 2739 viewsANTONEINOC AVT K M AVREL
Bust laureate, cuirassed, draped, left, holding spear and shield, Nike with wreath and palm on shield
ADRIANO-POLEITWN (WN ligate)
Demeter standing left, head veiled, holds corn ears over cista mystica before, and snake entwined torch behind.
Varbanov 1863, Jurukova 278 (V 157/R 269; 2 specimens).
whitetd49
CaraNikoDemeter.jpg
Caracalla, AE 2948 viewsAV K M . AVRHLI . ANTWNINOC
Bust laureate, cuirassed, draped, right, seen from behind
VPA AVR GALLOV NI/KOPOLIT . PROC IC .
Demeter standing facing, head veiled left, holding heavy basket torch and grain ears with poppy head.
AMNG -, Varbanov (Eng.) I, -.

1 commentswhitetd49
caracalla_serd_(2).jpg
Caracalla, AE31-32 of Serdica, Thrace.7 views
AVT K M AVR CEVH ANTWNINOC, laureate head right / OYΛΠIAC CEΡΔIKHC, Demeter standing left by cista mystica with open lid, holding patera and serpent-entwined torch.

31-32mm. -17.55gm. Varbanov 2258; Ruzicka 144.
Britanikus
Caracalla_AugustaTraiana_AE31_17_35g.jpg
Caracalla, Augusta Traiana, Demeter, AE3145 views31mm, 17.35g
obv: AVT K M AVR CEVH ANTΩNEINOC; laureate head right
rev: AVΓOVCTHC TPAIANHC; Demeter(?) standing facing, head left, holding patera and scepter, to left cista mystica

ex HD Rauch, Auction New York 2009, Lot 222 (part of)
areich
carastobi092108c.jpg
Caracalla, Stobi61 viewsLaureate head right


Nike-Demeter standing, radiate head left, holding snake entwined torch before and cornucopia behind

AE;24.5mm;6.3g
1 commentsarizonarobin
027_Traianus_AE-23_AY_KAI_TRAI-AN-GEDA_TABH-NWN_Moushmov__SNG_Cop_559,_Mionnet__Tabae_-AD_Q-001_0h_22-24mm_9,16g-s.jpg
Caria, Tabae, 027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), SNG Cop-559, AE-23, Demeter standing left, 173 viewsCaria, Tabae, 027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), SNG Cop-559, AE-23, Demeter standing left,
avers:- AY-KAI-TPAIA-NOC-API-ΓEΔA, Laureate head right .
revers:- TABH-NΩN, Demeter, polos on head, standing left, holding corn-ears, bunch of grapes and sceptre.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22-24 mm, weight: 9,16g, axis: 0h,
mint: Caria, Tabae, date: A.D., ref: SNG Cop-559, SNG Aulock 2718, SNG München 545, Hunter 4; Weber Coll. 6586; BMC 74.
Q-001
quadrans
trajantabae.jpg
Caria, Tabae. Trajan AE24 Demeter40 viewsTrajan, 98-117 AD. AE24 (10.38g, 12h). AV KA TPAIAN API ΓЄ ΔA, laureate head right / TABHNΩN, Demeter standing facing, head left, wearing kalathos holding scepter, grapes and corn ears. Rare.ancientone
Greek_Cilicia_Adana.jpg
Cilicia Adana9 viewsObv. Veiled head of Demeter right
Rev. Zeus enthroned left, holding Nike and sceptre;
Skyler
adana.jpg
Cilicia, Adana. 200-25 BC. AE 17mm.40 viewsObv: Veiled head of Demeter right, wearing stephane.
Rev: ADANEWN / bridled horse trotting left, front right leg raised. Monogram before, AN below.
SNG Cop 21
ancientone
Cilicia_Anazarbos_Demeter_ArtemisPerasia_AE19_4_22g.jpg
Cilicia, Anazarbos, Demeter / Artemis Perasia, AE1970 views113-114 AD
19mm, 4.22g
obv: KAICAP ANAZAP, veiled bust of Demeter right, poppy and corn-ear before
rev: veiled bust of Artemis Perasia right, wearing high headgear, torch to right, in field date ЄT BΛP

SNG BN 2026, Ziegler 122 for date ΓΛP
2 commentsareich
kelenderis_elagabal_SNGlev548.jpg
Cilicia, Kelenderis, Elagabal SNG Levante 54854 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 22, 6.16g
obv. M(?) AVR AN - TWNINOC (N's retrograd)
Bust, laureate, r.
rev. K - E - [LE]NDERITWN (N's retrograd)
Demeter, holding torch in r. Hand, in biga with two winged snakes, r.
SNG Levante 548 (same dies); SNG von Aulock 5650
rare, good VF, exceptional style
Pedigree:
ex Hirsch auction 168 (1990), lot 729
ex Gorny & Mosch auction 108 (2001), lot 1525
ex. Münzen und Medaillen auction 20 (2006), lot 233
1 commentsJochen
laertesTrajan2.jpg
Cilicia, Laertes. Trajan Æ21. Demeter seated57 viewsObv: Laureate head right.
Rev: Demeter seated left, holding poppy and grain ears in right hand, scepter in left.
SNG France 589-90; SNG Levante 371.
1 commentsancientone
seleukia_caracalla_SNGlev744.jpg
Cilicia, Seleukeia ad Calycadnum, Caracalla, SNG Levante 74442 viewsCaracalla AD 198-217
AE 21, 3.62g
obv. [AV] KM AV - ANTWNIN
Youthfull bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. CELEYKE - [WN] - KALYKA / DNW
Dionysos, nude, stg. l., holding thyrsos and sacrificing from kantharos over burning altar stg. l.; on the l. side Demeter, in long chiton, stg. r., holding long sceptre in l. hand and two corn-ears in outstretched r. hand.
SNG Levante 744 (same obv. die); Lindgren/Kovacs (same dies); SNG PfPS (same dies) (Thanks to Curtis Clay for the obv. legend)
rare, about VF
1 commentsJochen
coins16.JPG
Cilicia, Tarsus; Salonina14 viewsOn the rev., one can make out a gamma to the r. of Diana's shoulders (SNG calls her Demeter), and another gamma to the r. of her knees, meaning "presiding over three provinces, holder of three neocorates". Tarsus only acquired her third neocorate under Valerian; for Herennia Etruscilla, the second letter would have been a B=2 instead. So the gamma confirms the attribution to Salonina.ecoli
RIC_Claudius_RIC_I_94.JPG
Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Drusus Germanicus) (41-54 A.D.)26 viewsRIC I (Claudius) 94

AE dupondius (27-28 mm). Rome mint, struck ca. 41-50 A.D.

Obv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head, left.

Rev: CERES AVGVSTA, SC in exergue, Ceres veiled and draped, seated left on ornamental throne, holding two grain ears and a long torch.

Note: Issued in response to bread riots in Rome, as part of an ongoing publicity campaign to reassure Romans of the adequacy and stability of the grain supply from North Africa. Ceres (=Demeter) was the goddess of grain, and was primarily worshipped by plebeians, and in rural areas.

RIC rarity C

From an uncleaned coin lot.
Stkp
messalina.jpg
Claudius, tetradrachm, with Messalina, Britannicus & Octavia18 viewsClaudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt, Messalina, Britannicus & Octavia Reverse. Billon tetradrachm, Geissen 88, BMC 75, Milne 110, RPC I I 5164, toned VF, Alexandria mint, 10.976g, 27.5mm, 0o, 45 - 46 A.D.; obverse “ΤΙ ΚΛΑΥΔΙ ΚΑΙΣ ΣΕΒΑ ΓΕΡΜΑΝΙ ΑΥΤΟΚΡ”, laureate head right, date LS (year 6) before; reverse “ΜΕΣΣΑΛΙΝΑ ΚΑΙΣ” C“ΕΒΑ”C, Messalina as Ceres standing facing, head left, two small figures in right, two stalks of grain in left. RPC I notes, "Messalina, who is shown as Demeter, holds two small figures. These were traditionally identified as the children of Claudius and Messalina, Britannicus and Octavia, but Dattari (RIN 1900, pp. 383-4) rejected this view, since Britannicus was born in 42 and the coin type is first used in 41; but Vogt (pp. 24-5) returned to the traditional description, arguing that the date of Britannicus' birth was not certain, and that these coins, in fact, show that he was born before August 41." ex FORVMPodiceps
Sebaste.jpg
Commodus (177-192 CE), Æ, Sebaste / Shomron.30 viewsBronze of Commodus (177-192 CE), minted in Sebaste / Shomron, 27mm, Dated CY 215 (190/1 CE).

Obverse: IMPCM AVCOMM; Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: CEBAC THNωN; Kore/Demeter standing right, holding long torch and grain ears; date C IE (190/1 CE) across field.

Reference: SNG ANS 1075

Added to collection: February 10, 2007
Daniel Friedman
Commodus_Varbanov_I_4326.jpg
Commodus Varbanov I 432612 viewsCommodus, Odessos Thrace, 177 - 192, 5.95g, 24mm, Varbanov I page 349, 4326
OBV: AVT K M AVP ANT KOMOΔC, Laureate and cuirassed bust right
REV: OΔHCCEITΩN, Demeter holding corn-ears and torch, standing left
facing Persephone standing right holding patera and torch
SRukke
com5OR.jpg
Commodus, Mionnet Supp. II 150923 viewsPhilippopolis mint, Commodus, 177-192 A.D. AE, 19mm 3.72g, BMC Thrace pg. 163, 21 var. (AΥ KAI M A KOMOΔOC); Mionnet Supp. II 1509
O: AΥ M AΥ KOMOΔOC, laureate head right
R: ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEITΩN, Demeter, veiled, standing left, holding grain ears and torch
casata137ec
049-Septimius-Severus_AE-24-xx_xxIVLxxL-SEP-SEV-xx-laureate-head-right-with-Countermark_CLI_COR_BMC-xx_Corinth_Q-001_5h_24mm_6,79gx-s.jpg
Corinth, Corinth, 049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AE-24, Demeter standing right,62 viewsCorinth, Corinth, 049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AE-24, Demeter standing right,
avers:- xxIVLxxL-SEP-SEV-xx, Laureate head right with Countermark (Yung boy head right).
revers:- CLI-COR, Demeter (?) standing right, holding sceptre (?) and patera.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 6,79g, axes: 5h,
mint: Corinth, date: 193-211 A.D., ref: ???,
Q-001
quadrans
Metapontum_Demeter_200.JPG
Demeter219 viewsMetapontum, Lucania
AR Didrachm (21mm, 7.8g)
330-300 BC
O: Head of Demeter right, wreathed in grain and wearing triple earring and necklace; ΔAI under chin.
R: Ear of barley with seven grains, leaf to right; plow above leaf, MAX below, META to left.
SNG ANS 470 / SNG Cop 1227 / HN Italy 1581 / Johnston C-1 / Sear 416v

2 commentsEnodia
thrace_byzantion_tet.jpg
Demeter, Thrace, Byzantion (220-240BC)486 viewsTHRACE, Byzantion. Circa 240-220 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 12.07 gm). Veiled and wreathed head of Demeter right / Poseidon seated right on rocks, holding trident in left arm, aphlaston in right hand. Magistrate [EPI SI]LWN[OS], a man called Silo, is located below Poseidon.

Schoenert-Geiss, Byzantion, p. 135, no. 1004, pl. 44, citing and illustrating Naville I, 1920, 1135, same dies. SNG Black Sea 59-61.

From the Garth R. Drewry Collection; ex. Superior Galleries, May 30, 1995.

Owned & posted by Cogito
6 commentscogito
Demetrius_!.jpg
Demetrius I Soter 162 - 150 B.C.32 viewsDemetrius I Soter Ae 13.7~15.5mm. 2.39g. Serrate. Ake-Ptolemais mint. Obv: Young male head r. wearing taenia, dotted border. Rev:BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΔHMHTPIOY, veiled local deity thought to be Demeter-Atargatis standing facing, holding long torch or sceptre. This series is a continuation of a similar one issued at the city by Antiochus IV Epiphanes. Hoover 838; SC 1679; BMC 28; Houghton 423. ddwau
0363_0364.jpg
Demetrius I, Soter, AE14, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ7 viewsAE14
Demetrius I, Soter
162 - 150BC
14.0mm ~2.00gr
Serrate edge
O: NO LEGEND; Diademed portrait of Demetrius I.
R: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ (right side) ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ (left side); Local deity, thought to be Demeter/Atargatis, standing facing, holding long torch or scepter. Legends on either side, vertically.
Akko (Ake-Ptolemais), Phoenicia Mint
Hoover 838; SC 1679; Sf. BMC 28 (Demetrius II).
baribarry 261266236532
8/23/13 1/22/17
Nicholas Z
00915-Perinthus.JPG
Dionysos 13 viewsDionysos
23 mm 5.58 gm
O: Wreathed head of Dionysos right
R: Demeter standing left, holding grain ears and scepter.
Provincial of Thrace, Perinthus
Koffy
w1847.jpg
Dionysos & Demeter (heads of)224 viewsThrace, Moesia Inferior, Dionysopolis, 3rd-2nd cent. B.C. AE-22 mm, 8.08 grs. AV: Head of Dionysos with Ivy to right. CM 1: Head of Demeter to right, CM 2: Head of Athena in corinthian helmet to right. RV: Club standing, on either side a star and TI - [MH], below DIONY. Ref: AMNG 369 var. Collection: Mueller.Automan
Dionis.jpg
Dionysus and Demeter154 viewsPerinthos, Thrace. AE 25
Circa 1st Century BC-1st Century AD.
Wreathed head of Dionysos right.
Demeter standing left, holding grain ears and torch.
Very Rare; Mionnet Supp II 1171
Pedja R
dom_claudiopolis_k.jpg
Domitian, AD 81-966 viewsDomitian, AD 81-96
Æ25, 7.4g, 8h; Bithynia, Claudiopolis.
Obv.: AYT ΔOMITIANOΣ KAIΣAP ΣEB Γ?; Laureate head r.
Rev.: KΛYΔIO-ΠOΛEITΩN; Demeter standing left, holding staff and patera.
Reference: SNG Von Aulock 6924 / 17-279-35
1 commentsJohn Anthony
EB0178b_scaled.JPG
EB0178 Demeter / Gelas3 viewsGela, SICILY, AE 14, 339-310 BC.
Obverse: [ΓEΛΩIΩN], head of Demeter, facing slightly right, wearing wreath of grain ears.
Reverse: Bearded head of the river-god Gelas left, grain ears in hair.
References: SG 1099; BMC 2.77,78.
Diameter: 14.5mm, Weight: 2.653g.
EB
EB0545_scaled.JPG
EB0545 Severus Alexander / Demeter10 viewsSeverus Alexander, 222-235 AD, AE 30 of Lydia.
Obv: Laureate bust right.
Rev: Demeter standing, holding torch and corn-ears.
References: cf. SNG AUL 8296, BMC 16 S317,133.
Diameter: 30mm, Weight: 11.787 grams.
EB
EB0615_scaled.JPG
EB0615 Hadrian / Demeter10 viewsHadrian, Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria. Year 21 = AD 136-137.
Obv: (AYT KAIC) TPA AΔPIANOC (CEB AVT?) Laureate head right.
Rev: Demeter standing left, holding bundle of grain ears and poppies with her right hand and a long torch in left; L K-A (year 21 = AD 136/137) across field.
References: Dattari 1335; Köln 1209; Emmett 832.
Diameter: 25mm, Weight: 12.10 grams
EB
EB0911_scaled.JPG
EB0911 Serapis / Demeter2 viewsSicily, Katana, AE 22, Circa 1st Century BC.
Obverse: Janiform head of Serapis; three monograms around.
Reverse: KATA-NAI-ΩN, Demeter standing left, holding grain ear and torch.
References: SNG ANS 1302.
Diameter: 22mm, Weight: 9.37g.
EB
032_Hadrianus_(117-138_A_D_),_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Milne_,_Alexandria,_L_IH_Year-18_G-1109_D-1671_Q-001_0h_mm_gx-s~0.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, 032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1109-1110, D-1671-1672, L I H, Demeter and Euthenia,61 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1109-1110, D-1671-1672, L I H, Demeter and Euthenia,
avers:- AΥT KAIC TPAIAN AΔPIANOC CEB, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L I H, Demeter standing right, holding corn-ears and torch, facing Euthenia, standing left, holding corn-ears and sceptre.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 133-134 A.D., Year (IH)18., ref: Geissen-1109-1110, Dattari-1671-1672, Kapmann-Ganschow-32.579-p-143, BMC -,
Q-001
quadrans
Hadrian_1.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 136/137, Hadrian, Demeter16 viewsHadrian
Egypt, Alexandria
Billon Tetradrachm
Obv.: ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙΣ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟΣ ΣΕΒ, Laureate head right
Rev.: Demeter standing l., holding grain and poppy heads in right and long torch in left, L-Κ-Α (year 21)
23mm, 12.94g
Ref.: Dattari 1335 var., Geissen 1209
1 commentsshanxi
Elaea_Aeolis_Demeter_and_Torch.JPG
Elaea Aeolis Demeter and Torch36 viewsGreek City of Elaia in Asia Minor
Bronze 13mm (2.1 grams) Struck circa 200-100 B.C.
Reference: Sear 4206; B.M.C. 17.127,20
Head of Demeter right, wreathed with corn.
Torch; EΛ - AI / T - ΩΝ; all within corn wreath.

A coastal town situated south-west of Pergamon, Elaia served as a port for its more important neighbor during the time of the Pergamene
Kingdom.
Elaea or Elaia (Greek: Έλαία) was an ancient city of Aeolis, Asia, the port of Pergamum; the site is not precisely determined but is near
Zeytindağ, İzmir Province, Turkey.
Romanorvm
500705.JPG
Elaea, Aeolis31 views2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Bronze AE16
2.19 gm, 16 mm
Obv.: Head of Persephone (or Demeter) right wreathed with grain, [EΠI] / Σ – [Ω / KPATOY]
Rev.: E-ΛA/IT-ΩN around torch all within grain wreath.
Sear 4206v; BMC Aeolis p. 127, 28
Jaimelai
now!!!_151.JPG
Elagabalus AE26 of Nikopolis ad Istrum Roman Provincial32 viewsElagabalus AE26 of Nikopolis ad Istrum. Magistrate Novius Rufus. AVT K M AVP ANTWNEINOC, radiate head right / VP NOBIOV POVF8 NIKOPOLITWN PROC ICTP, Demeter standing left holding grain-ears & long torch.
Mushnov 1396
Antonio Protti
ElagMarkDemeter.JPG
Elagabalus, AE 2756 viewsAVT K M AVRHLIOC ANTWNEINOC
Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed, right, seen from behind
VP IOVL ANT CELEVKOV MARKIANOPO/LITWN
Demeter standing facing, head left and veiled, holding two grain ears before, long torch behind
AMNG 819 (courtesy of Steve Minnoch)
Varbanov (Eng.) I, 1560 (same dies as illustrated)
Hristova & Jekov 6.26.5.6
1 commentswhitetd49
elaia_demeter_athena_owl.jpg
Elaia; AE21.3, Head of Demeter r./ ΕΛΑΙΤΩΝ 
Athena standing r., holding owl and spear9 viewsElaia, Aeolis. Second - first century B.C. AE 21.3mm, 7.14g. Head of Demeter r./ ΕΛΑΙΤΩΝ 
Athena standing r., holding owl and spear. 
Cf. Kopenhagen 177. Not in Aulock, BMC, Lindgren. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
Hadrian_Euthenia_Demeter.jpg
Emmett 0941 - Hadrianus AE33 Drachm, Demeter & Euthenia standing r20 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian. 117-138 AD. Æ Drachm (33mm, 23.42 gm). Dated RY 17 (132/133 AD). Laureate and draped bust right / L-I-Z, Demeter standing right, holding torch and grain ears facing Euthenia standing left, holding grain ears and sceptre. Ref cfr Köln 1110; Dattari 1669-1670 ; Emmett 941.17 ; Kampmann 32.541 mattpat
Enna_Litra.JPG
Enna, Sicily46 views450-440 BC
AR Litra (13mm, 0.69g)
O: Demeter driving slow biga right, holding grain ears.
R: Demeter standing facing, holding torch over altar to left; [HE]NNAI[ON] to right. 
HGC 2, 391; Sear 777
Very rare
ex Aegean Numismatics

Enna, known in antiquity as ‘The Naval of Sicily’, was located in the geographic center of Sicily on a high plateau which served as a natural fortress. It is said that one could see all three Sicilian coasts from the city’s heights.
Perhaps more important than its strategic location however was Enna’s religious significance, for it was here that Persephone was abducted by Hades and here that the cult of Her mother Demeter thrived.

"In the interior [of Sicily] is Enna, where is the temple of Demeter, with only a few inhabitants; it is situated on a hill, and is wholly surrounded by broad plateaus that are tillable." 
~ Strabo, Geography 6.2.6
2 commentsEnodia
Faustina_II_Pautalias_Demeter.jpg
Faustina II - Pautalia7 viewsAE 22
161-175 AD
draped bust right
ΦAYCTEI_NA CEBACTH
Demeter seated left, holding corn ears and torch
OYΛΠIAC ΠA_YTAΛIAC
Ruzicka 87a; Varbanov 4472
6,31g
Johny SYSEL
733_Faustina_II_Philippopolis2.jpg
Faustina II - Philippopolis5 viewsAE tetrasarion
161-176 AD
draped bust right
ΦAVCTEINA__CEBACTH
veiled Demeter standing half left, holding torch in each hand
ΦIΛIΠΠO_Π_OΛEITΩN
Varbanov 886 (R5)
9,6g
ex aurea
Johny SYSEL
faustina_blaundos.jpg
Faustina II AE 21 of Blaundos, Lydia. 146-180 AD.21 viewsFaustina II AE 21 of Blaundos, Lydia. 146-180 AD. 5.56 g. ΦAYCTEINA CEBACTH, draped bust right / BΛAYNΔEΩN, Demeter standing left, veiled, holding corn-ears, poppy and torch. BMC 77-78; SNG Cop 93; Berlin 18644; Mionnet IV 115; SNG Munich 92. Varbanov IV 1728

Rare and Nice
Britanikus
Faustina_II_4.jpg
Faustina II AE26, Moushmov 2789, Demeter 16 viewsOBVERSE: FAVCTEINA NEA CEBACTH, draped bust right
REVERSE: AGCILAEWN, Demeter seated left holding corn ears & long torch
9.6g, 26mm

Struck at Anchialus, Thrace, 147-175 AD
Legatus
Faustina_II_Demeter_Philipoppolis~1.JPG
Faustina II Demeter Philipoppolis23 viewsFaustina II, AE26, Philippopolis, Thrace, die axis 180o, August 146 - Winter 175 AD, 8.23g, 26.8g, Varbanov III 880, BMC Thrace p. 162, 13, Moushmov 5164
OBV: ΦAVCTEINA CEBACTH, draped bust right
REV: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ, Demeter standing left, ears of grain in right, long torch in left
Faustina Jr. Wife of Marcus Aurelius
Romanorvm
FAUSTJR-1.jpg
Faustina II, Pautalia, Thrace Moushmov 410419 viewsObv: FAVCTINA CEBACTH
draped bust right, hair in bun behind
Rev: OVLPIAC PAVTALIAC
Demeter seated left, holding corn-ears and long torch.
22mm 6.2 gm
OWL365
Coin6.jpg
Faustina the younger draped bust obv; Demeter, standing left, corn ears in right hand, tall torch in left; ~8 grams, 25mm, die axis 225 degrees34 viewsI squealed when I saw this in my hoard. Actually, physical squealing... with a head cold. Maybe "dying pig noise" would be more accurate! Anyways, I could make out the fact that someone's head was on it when I first pulled it out, and figured by the size that it was a larger Roman coin. The reverse had what I thought could be some detail on it, but I wasn't as confident as the obverse. Now... there's lettering on both sides, there's a whole figure on the back, holding something, and I'm feeling pretty confident in saying that's a bun on the obverse bust, so I'm dealing with one of the lovely Roman ladies here.

EDIT: May I present for your consideration, a (relatively confident) attribution? The only thing that bugs me is that the torch on the coin in hand really doesn't look like a long torch... it definitely ends at waist/hips level... but I can't find a Phillippopolis coin that has the shorter torch, so... :)

AE26, c147-175, c25mm, c8.4g.
FAVCTEINA CEBACTH, draped bust right / FILIPPOPOLEITWN, Demeter, veiled standing left, holding corn ears in right hand, resting on tall torch in her left.
Moushmov 5163.

EvaJupiterSkies
BOIOTIA,_Federal_Coinage,_ca__220_B_C_.jpeg
Federal coinage; Demeter or Persophone/ Poseidon with trident, AE 1717 viewsBOIOTIA, Federal Coinage, ca. 220 B.C. 17mm, 4.05g. Obverse: head of Demeter or Kore (Persephone) facing slightly right, wearing corn-wreath. Reverse: Poseidon, naked, standing left, resting right foot on rock and leaning on trident to right, BOIWTWN downward. Lindgren 1519, Sear 2413. Ex Roland Müller collection, ex areich. Photo credit areichPodiceps
FH-G-036_(0s).jpg
FH-G-03613 viewsCilicia, Adana; 200-25 BC; bronze AE15

- Veiled head of Demeter right, wearing stephane.

- ΑΔΑΝΕΩΝ
- ADANEWN
- Bridled horse trotting left, front right leg raised.

Wt./Size/Axis: 4.46g / 15.37mm / 0

References:
SNG Cop 21
SNG Levante 1209
Ziegler (Kl. Dt. Sammlungen) 840
Weber 7492
Sear Greece 5511

Notes: Dec 9, 15 - Nice, full obverse bust on tight flan. Reverse legend is hidden under corrosion, but partially legible, control marks off flan. – Compare to coin sold by Forvm here: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/roman-and-greek-coins.asp?param=69840q00.jpg&vpar=587&zpg=80287&fld=http://www.forumancientcoins.com/Coins2/
Jonathan P
00getaprov.jpg
GETA19 viewsAE 30. Anchialus. 209-212 AD. 14,75 grs. Laureate,draped bust right. AV K Π CEΠ ΓETA C / Demeter standing left,holding torch, reaching out to touch a tall diamond-shaped basket torch with serpent climbing it, and holding small torch, Δ between. OVLΠIANΩN AΓΧIALEΩN.
Moushmov 2874.
benito
00getaprov~0.jpg
GETA36 viewsAE 30. Anchialus. 209-212 AD. 14,75 grs. Laureate,draped bust right. AV K Π CEΠ ΓETA C / Demeter standing left,holding torch, reaching out to touch a tall diamond-shaped basket torch with serpent climbing it, and holding small torch, Δ between. OVLΠIANΩN AΓΧIALEΩN.
Moushmov 2874.
1 commentsbenito
Geta_Istros_Demeter_AE22_7_20g.jpg
Geta, Istros, Demeter, AE2231 viewsAE22, 7.20g
obv: AV K Π CE ΓETAC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
rev: ICTPIHNΩN; Demter standing facing, head left, holding long torch and ears of grain over altar

AMNG 508var (what's the variation?); Varbanov 646 (R6)

ex HD Rauch summer auction 2009, lot 982
areich
GI 087c img.jpg
Gordian III - Markianopolis - Demeter - Æ2339 viewsObv:– M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC AYΓ, Laureate, draped bust right
Rev:– VΠ MHNOΦIΛ OV MAPKIANOΠOΛ / IT / ΩN, Demeter standing left with grain ears and long torch

Minted in Markianopolis

As always any references gratefully received
1 commentsmaridvnvm
gordian_III_02.jpg
Gordian III AE from Hadrianopolis27 viewsObv: AVT K M ANT GORDIANO... - Laureate, draped bust right.
Rev: ADPIANOPOLEITWN - Demeter standing left with scepter and ears of corn.
Mint: Hadrianopolis
3 commentsoa
GORDIAN3-8.jpg
Gordian III AE Pentassarion (AE27) of Dionysopolis, Moesia Inferior61 viewsGordian III AE Pentassarion (AE27)
238-244 AD
27mm, 10.0g
Dionysopolis, Moesia Inferior
Obv: ANTONIOC GORDIANOC AVT K M
Laureate draped bust of Gordian facing bust of Serapis
Rev: DIONVCOPOLEITWN
Demeter standing left with corn ears and scepter, E to right
Moushmov-119
1 commentsricksta
GordianIII_Markianopolis_Demeter_AE27.jpg
Gordian III, Markianopolis, Demeter, AE2741 viewsGordian III 238-244 AE27 of Markianopolis. Magistrate Menophilus.
AE27, 9.35g
Obv: M ANT GORΔIANOC AVG, laureate and draped bust right
Rev: VP MHNOΦIΛOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Demeter standing left with ears of grain and torch
GICV -
1 commentsareich
apamea~0.jpg
GREEK19 viewsAE 18. Apamea. (Seleucis and Pieria), 37-36 BC. 6,67 grs. Draped bust of Demeter right with garland of corn / Three ears of corn. To left EOΣ ( year 275 of the seleucid era ) AΠAMEΩN THΣ IEΡAΣ KAI AVTONOMOV.
RPC I, 633, 4355.
Ex A.Reich.
benito
Hermione_AE__ex-Pozzi_Collection-_3~0.jpg
GREEK, Argolis, Hermione, 360-320/10 BC, AE Chalkous - BCD Peloponnesos 1297194 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left / Torch flanked by E- P, all within wreath of grain ears.
Grandjean Group I, emission 2B, d33/r30 (this coin illustrated) = Pozzi (Boutin) 4276 (this coin); BCD Peloponnesos 1297; SNG Copenhagen 140-3.
(13 mm, 2.48 g, 12h)
Classical Numismatic Group Mail Bid Sale 81 (20 May 2009) Lot 2511; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale), purchased from Leu, January 1979; ex- S. Pozzi Collection, 4276 (Boutin).

This coin has a notable provenance, dating back to the turn of the twentieth century and the collection of the eminent Paris surgeon Professor Samuel Pozzi (1846-1918).
1 commentsLloyd T
argolis.jpg
GREEK, Argolis, Hermione. ca 210 BC., AE Dichalkon.241 viewsArgolis, Hermione. ca 210 BC.
AE Dichalkon 2.26g
Obv: Head of Demeter, right
Rev: EP between two torches in wreath.
BCD 1305.1 (this coin). Agora 794.
ex Pegasi A21-116.
2 commentsDino
01_05_05 036a.jpg
GREEK, LUCANIA, Paestum.27 viewsCirca 218-201 BC. AE Sextans (3.00 gm). Obv.: Head of Demeter right, two pellets behind. Rev.: leg. PAIS, wild boar right; spray of leaves and two pellets below.
seleukoy
G000004w.jpg
GREEK, MACEDONIAN KINGDOM, Alexander III, AR Tetradrachm - lifetime issue86 viewsObv: Head of Herakles r., in lion skin headdress
Rev: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle on extended arm, legs uncrossed, standing figure of Demeter with two torches before, ΔΙΟ beneath throne
Lampsacus mint, 328-323 B.C.
24.7mm - 17.17g - 270deg
Price 1355
Ex HML Schulman auction April 1962
TRPOT
Messenia,_Messene_AE_Hemiobol~0.jpg
GREEK, Messenia, Messene, ca. 191-183 BC, AE Hemiobol or Hexachalkon (Hoover plate coin - HGC 5, 575) 185 viewsDiademed head of Demeter right. / Zeus Ithomatos standing right, hurling thunderbolt with right hand, eagle perched on left wrist, tripod to right; ME/ΞE in two lines in left field.
HGC 5, 575 (this coin) (S); BCD Peloponnesos 708 (this coin); Grandjean 222a (this coin illustrated); BMC 24 var.
(23 mm, 7.59 g, 1h)
ex-BCD Collection: LHS Numismatics 96 (8 May 2006) Lot 708
3 commentsLloyd T
86428q00.jpg
GREEK, Metapontion, Lucania, Italy, 334 - 330 B.C., Gold 1/3 stater20 viewsSH86428. Gold 1/3 stater, SNG Lockett 406; SNG ANS 395; HN Italy 1578; Noe-Johnston 3, G1 and pl. 18; SNG Lloyd -; SNG Cop -; Jameson -; Gulbenkian -; Pozzi -; Weber -, aVF+, fine style, marks, reverse double struck, weight 2.574 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 180o, Metapontion mint, c. 334 - 332 B.C.; obverse head of Demeter right, wearing stephane and pendant earring; reverse METAΠON, barley stalk, bird right on leaf to right; ex Forum (2007), ex Christie's Auction (1993) ; very rareJoe Sermarini
Metapontum_200z~0.JPG
GREEK, Metapontum, Lucania171 viewsAR Didrachm (21mm, 7.8g)
O: Head of Demeter right, wreathed in grain and wearing triple earring and necklace; ΔAI under chin.
R: Ear of barley with seven grains, leaf to right; plow above leaf, MAX below, META to left.
SNG ANS 470 / SNG Cop 1227 / HN Italy 1581 / Johnston C-1 / Sear 416

Founded around 700 BC by Achaean colonists, Metapontum was located at the north of the Gulf of Taras between the rivers Bradanus and Casuentus.
1 commentsEnodia
Kyrene,_North_Africa,_Ptolemy_Apion,_c__101_-_96_B_C_.jpg
GREEK, North Africa, Kyrene mint. c. 101 - 96 BC.21 viewsNorth Africa, Kyrene mint. c. 101 - 96 BC. Bronze quarter-obol, Fair, 1.214g, 12.2mm. Obv: diademed head of Ptolemy I as Zeus right, wearing aegis, hole from minting process. Rev: head of Libya or Isis right, PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS. Ref: Buttrey: The Extramural Sanctuary of Demeter and Persephone at Cyrene, Libya, Final Reports, Volume VI, 542 - 603. Rare

Ptolemy Apion was a son of Ptolemy VIII, perhaps by an Egyptian concubine. This makes him a half-brother of Ptolemy IX and X. Ptolemy Apion died in 96 B.C., without an heir, leaving his kingdom to the Roman Republic. According to Butrey, Apion's coinage was nothing but very small change, with a peak about 1.3 grams. Buttrey notes, "the Greek coinage of Cyrenaica, of glorious tradition, ended in the lamentable small bronzes of Apion."
Bard Gram O
Kyrene_North_Africa_Ptolemy_Apion_101-96_BC_Rare.jpg
GREEK, North Africa, Kyrene mint. c. 101 - 96 BC. 17 viewsNorth Africa, Kyrene mint. c. 101 - 96 BC. Bronze quarter-obol, F/VF, 1.141g, 13.6mm. Dark patina, untrimmed flan edges. Obv: diademed head of Ptolemy I as Zeus right, wearing aegis, hole from minting process. Rev: head of Libya or Isis right, [PTOLEMAIOU] BASILEWS. Ref: Buttrey: The Extramural Sanctuary of Demeter and Persephone at Cyrene, Libya, Final Reports, Volume VI, 542 - 603. Rare Bard Gram O
moneta 723.jpg
GREEK, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage, Perinthos, Thrace44 viewsObv: Veiled bust of Demeter right
Rev: Serpent emerging from basket
SNGCop 727. BMC 4.
1 commentsJericho
Aigospotamoi_AE20~0.jpg
GREEK, Thrace, Aigospotamoi, ca. 300 BC, Æ 20 114 viewsHead of Demeter left wearing stephane decorated with a laurel wreath and vine.
AIΓΟΣΠΟ Goat standing left, eight-rayed star beneath.
BMC Thrace, p. 187, 2 var. (star); SNG Copenhagen 850 var. (star).
(20 mm, 7.76 g, 12h).
Unique with the star symbol beneath goat and amongst the finest examples known of the single coinage emission from Aigospotamai.

Aigospotamoi (Goat Streams) is the site of two small rivulets flowing across a small plain from the hinterland of Gallipoli peninsula into the southwestern corner of the Sea of Marmara (the ancient Propontis) at its junction with the northern mouth of the Hellespont, a few kilometres to the northeast of the modern day township of Gallipoli (Gelibolu). In late summer of 405 BC it was the site of a naval engagement between the Peloponnesian and Athenian fleets. The Peloponnesian fleet lead by the brilliant Spartan general Lysander destroyed the Athenian fleet. The destruction of the Athenian navy at Aigospotamoi enabled the Peloponnesians to place a stranglehold on the Black Sea grain trade to Athens. The resultant starvation of the city brought to an end the 27 year long Peloponnesian War within six months.
5 commentsLloyd T
Hadrian_Alexandria_Demeter_Eleutheria_Drachm_AE24_23.6g.jpg
Hadrian, Alexandria, Demeter and Eleutheria, Drachm43 viewsBronze drachm, Milne 1407, BMC 806, F, 23.618g, 33.6mm, 0o, Alexandria mint, 135 - 136 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC TPAINOC AΔPIANOC, laureate and draped bust right; reverse Demeter and Eleutheria standing, IH (=year 18) between

ex FORVM
areich
sept_sev_hadriano_demeter_clarus_rx.JPG
Hadrianopolis Septimius Severus Sicinnius Clarus Demeter46 viewsSeptimius Severus

Hadrianopolis

AE 27

Sicinnius Clarus (202 AD)

Ob: AV K Λ CEΠT] | CEVHPOC
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust

HΓE CIK KΛAPOV A |ΔPIANOΠOΛITΩN
Demeter facing left with torch and patera

Jurukova -; Varbanov (E) -; Mionnet -; BMC –; SNG Cop. –

worn blackish-green patina
1 commentsrennrad12020
1491.jpg
hhj8.26.05.023 viewsElagabalus
Nicopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC, laureate draped cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev:VΠA NOBIOV POVΦOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC →ICTPΩ, Demeter standing left, flaming torch in left hand and grain ears in lowered right hand.
26 mm, 13.25 gms

Hristova-Hoeft-Jekov 8.26.5.2
Charles M
472d.jpg
hhj8.26.05.0317 viewsElagabalus
Nicopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC, radiate draped cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
Rev:VΠA NOBIOV POVΦ(OV) NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC →ICTPON, Demeter standing left, flaming torch in left hand and grain ears in lowered right hand.
26 mm, 13.32 gms

Hristova-Hoeft-Jekov 8.26.5.3
Charles M
539.jpg
hhj8.26.05.03_28 viewsElagabalus
Nicopolis

Obv: AVT K M [AVP ANTΩNEI]NOC, radiate draped cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
Rev:[VΠA NOB]IOV POVΦ(OV) NIKOΠOΛITΩN[ ΠPOC →ICTPON], Demeter standing left, flaming torch in left hand and grain ears in lowered right hand.
24 mm, 11.08 gms

Cf. Hristova-Hoeft-Jekov 8.26.5.3
Charles M
Hiempsal.jpg
Hiempsal II - Horse galloping87 viewsObverse: Veiled head of Demeter r., wreathed with corn
Reverse: Free running horse r., Punic H below, palm tree behind
Date : c. 106-60 BC
Reference : Mazzard-81, Muller-48
Weight : 6.87g
Acquired: 29/04/04

Comments : AE 20, Hiempsal II. was the son of Gauda, the half-brother of Jugurtha. In 88 B.C., after the triumph of Sulla, when the younger Marius fled from Rome to Africa, Hiempsal received him with apparent friendliness, his real intention being to detain him as a prisoner. Marius discovered this intention in time and made good his escape with the assistance of the kings daughter. In 81 Hiempsal was driven from his throne by the Numidians themselves, or by Hiarbas, ruler of part of the kingdom, supported by Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, the leader of the Marian party in Africa. Soon afterwards Pompey was sent to Africa by Sulla to reinstate Hiempsal, wh
1 commentsBolayi
346.jpg
hj6.26.05.0113 viewsElagabalus
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPHΛIOC ANTΩNEINOC , laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEV KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN. Demeter standing left, holding grain ears raised and torch
26 mm, 12.26 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.26.5.1
Charles M
1469c.jpg
hj6.26.05.03var2 viewsElagabalus
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPHΛIOC ANTΩNEINOC , laureate bust right.
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEV K(OV) M(AP)KIANOΠOΛITΩN. Demeter standing left, holding grain ears and torch.
26 mm, 8.90 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.26.5.3 variant (obverse legend)
Charles M
918.jpg
hj6.26.05.0912 viewsElagabalus
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC, laureate head right
Rev: MAPKIAN-OΠOΛITΩN, Demeter standing left, holding corn ears and long torch
18 mm, 2.61 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.26.5.09 variant (obverse legend)
Charles M
477.jpg
hj6.26.05.1025 viewsElagabalus
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANT(ΩNE)INOC, laureate head right
Rev: MAPKIANO-ΠOΛITΩN, Demeter standing left, holding corn ears and long torch
17 mm, 2.5 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.26.5.10
1 commentsCharles M
1579.JPG
hj6.26.05.10_211 viewsElagabalus
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M [AVP] ANT(ΩNE)INOC, laureate head right
Rev: MAPKIAN-OΠOΛITΩN, Demeter standing left, holding corn ears and long torch
18 mm, 2.80 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.26.5.10
Charles M
1725.jpg
hj6.28.05.012 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVP ANTΩ(NE)INOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ ♦, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛEVKOV. MAPKIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Demeter standing left holding branch and lighted torch. E in right field.
28 mm 12.38 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.5.1
Charles M
1771.jpg
hj6.28.05.01_20 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. [AVP ANT]Ω(NE)INOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ ♦, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOV[Λ. ANT.] CEΛEVKOV. MAPKIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Demeter standing left holding branch and lighted torch. E in right field.
26 mm 10.12 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.5.1
Charles M
649c.jpg
hj6.28.05.0316 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛEVKOV. MAPKIANOΠOΛIT →ΩN, Demeter standing left holding corn ears and staff. E in right field
27mm 12.69 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.5.3 ( no reverse legend break and different string of letters in exergue)
Charles M
1001c.jpg
hj6.28.05.03_212 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛEVKOV. MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Demeter standing left holding corn ears and staff. E in right field
28 mm 15.20 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.5.3
Charles M
1923.jpg
hj6.28.05.03_32 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛEVKOV. MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Demeter standing left holding corn ears and staff. E in right field
26 mm 9.88 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.5.3
Charles M
995.jpg
hj6.28.05.0411 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVPH ANTΩNEI[NOC IOV]ΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛE-V-KOV. MAPKIANOΠ →OΛITΩN, Demeter standing left holding corn ears and staff. E in right field
26 mm 10.24 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.5.4 (different reverse legend break)
Charles M
1665.jpg
hj6.28.05.04_25 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛE-V-KOV. MAPKIANOΠ →OΛITΩN, Demeter standing left holding corn ears and staff. E in right field
30 mm, 17.49 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.5.4 (different reverse legend break)
Charles M
1325.jpg
hj6.28.05.xx3 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛEVKOV. MAPKIANOΠOΛ →ITΩN, Demeter standing left holding corn ears and staff. E in right field
26 mm, 11.74 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.xx (not in HJ)
Charles M
IMGP1308tdr_combo.jpg
Interregnal Issue (Bagasis?), 126 BC,128 viewsAR tdr., 15.88gr, 29,4mm; Sellwood 18.1, Shore --, Sunrise 273 (Artabanos II., 127-126BC);
mint: Seleukia, axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, right, w/diadem, knot and 3 ribbons; short hair, longer in neck, long beard; no jewelry visible; reel-and-pellet border 11 to 19h;
rev.: Demeter (?), seated, cornucopia in right arm, on outstretched left arm winged goddess (Nike?) offering diadem, rear leg of seat represented by kneeling winged figure; 2-line legend in 1+1 format: BAΣIΛEΩΣ APΣAKOY; exergual line;

ex: CNG 64
4 commentsSchatz
IMGP0249Bagtdrcombo.jpg
Interregnal Issue (Bagasis), 126 BC 40 viewsAR tdr., 15,26gr., 29,4mm;
Sellw. 18.1, Shore - , Sunrise 273 (Artabanos II.);
mint: Seleukia, axis : 12h;
bare-headed, right, w/diadem, knot, and 4 ribbons; short hair longer in the neck, the neck portion framed by a braid, mustache, long beard; no jewelry visible; reel and pellet border 9 - 17h;
rev.: Demeter, seated on throne supported by winged Tritoness, holding cornucopia in left arm and receiving wreath from diminutive Nike on her outstretched right arm; 2-line legend BAΣIΛEΩΣ (right) APΣAKOV (left); exergual line;

ex: H. Berk, IL.
Schatz
LarryW2338.jpg
Italy, Lucania, Metapontion, 330-300 BC29 viewsAR stater, 21.8mm, 7.71g, VF
Head of Demeter right, wearing corn wreath to bind hair, earring, and necklace / Earn of corn; [META] left; to right, leaf with plough above and M[AX] below
Sear 416v; Noe-Johnston 3, class C, #31v
Lawrence Woolslayer
JulDomStobi32.JPG
Julia Domna, AE 23 Diassaria67 viewsAVGUS/TA IVLIA
Bust draped, right
MVNICI STOBEN
Josifovski describes this reverse as Nike standing facing, head right, holding torch with entwined snake and cornucopia, lotus flower on head; a very syncretic Nike-Demeter-Tyche-Ma-Isis. Unlisted die pair, the reverse is R99 of Josif. 250, the obverse is V33.
Cohen IV 271, BMCG 9, AMNG Gaebler 9
whitetd49
Domna, AE24. Cyclades, Amorgos. 6.32g. Demeter in quadriga. BMC p.84, 7.jpg
Julia Domna, AE-24. Cyclades, Amorgos. Demeter in Quadriga69 viewsCyclades, Amorgos, Julia Domna, wife of Septimius Severus. Æ -4. 6.32g. Her draped bust rt. / Demeter in quadriga galloping rt., holding torch in each hand. SNG Copenhagen -; BMC Crete, etc. pg. 84, 7.Fausta
2013-10-29_nikkon79002013.jpg
Julia Domna, Stobi52 viewsAe 24-25mm; 7.20g

IVLIA-AVGVSTA
draped bust right

[STOB?]-MVNICI
Nike standing facing, head radiate right, holding torch with entwined snake and cornucopia,

Josif 254 (V38, R103
2 commentsRobin Ayers
Kardia1.jpg
Kardia, Thrace. c. 357/346-309 BC25 viewsAE17 (14.8-16.9 mm) 3.04 g
Head of Demeter, right /
Forepart of a lion, left, breaking spear in jaws; under the lion, grain.

Kardia CNT_3825. HGC3-1479.
Pekka K
FotorCreated~100.jpg
Kings of Macedon Alexander the great circa 328-323 BC AR Drachm 16 mm 4.19 g 3h16 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skinb headdress.Rev Zeus enthroned left holding eagle and scepter in left field Demeter facing with two torches,symbol below throne.Lamsacus mint
Life time issue,the vast majority of Alexanders drachms are Posthumous,and life time issue are scarce.
Grant H
Trajan_Koinon_Galatia.jpg
Koinon, Galatia (?)10 viewsDemeter seated l., holding ears of grain and sceptre.
33mm, 23.75g
klausklage
Trajan_Korycalla.jpg
Korycalla9 viewsObv: Laur. r.
Rev: Demeter (?) standing

3.09g, 17mm
klausklage
1658840l.jpg
Lesbos Mytilene EL Hekte58 viewsVeiled and wreathed head of Demeter right / Kithara with fillet to right within linear square. Bodenstedt 97; HGC 6, 1023. 2.52g, 9mm, 7h. Demeter's head is very close in style to the federal coinage of Delphi; I don't know who copied from the other :-)

Possibly the 4th known, Bodenstedt lists one in a public collection in Karlsruhe, the other two were sold recently http://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=256293 and http://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=2139192
1 commentspaparoupa
68660q00.jpg
Lokri Opuntii, 360-350 B.C.49 views"Locrian Ajax (the Lesser) was a Greek mythological hero, son of Oileus, the king of Locris. He was the leader of the Lokrian contingent during the Trojan War. He was called the "lesser" or "Locrian" Ajax, to distinguish him from Ajax the Great, son of Telamon. He is a significant figure in Homer's Iliad and is also mentioned in the Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid."

Silver triobol or hemidrachm, BCD Lokris 46, SNG Cop 48, SGCV I 2332, Nice F, centered, toned, 2.561g, 15.5mm, 270o, Lokri Opuntii mint, 360 - 350 B.C.; obverse head of Demeter right, wreathed in grain, wearing drop earring and necklace (worn away); reverse OPON-TIWN, Ajax son of Oileus, advancing right in fighting attitude, helmeted, nude, short sword in right, shield in left ornamented inside coiled snake (control symbol), broken spear on ground in background;
1 commentsjimmynmu
004~2.JPG
Lokris Opuntia, Opuntii33 views369 - 338 B.C.
Silver Hemidrachm
(triobol or quarter stater)
2.48 gm, 16 mm
Obv.: Head of Persephone (or Demeter) right wearing earring and necklace, hair bound with wreath of corn
Rev.: OΠONTIΩN left, Ajax, naked, armed with sword, shield, and crested Corinthian helmet, in fighting attitude right, spear on the ground, lion inside shield
BMC Central Greece p. 3, 26 var.
1 commentsJaimelai
3a_lokris_adj.png
Lokris Opuntii; 338-300 BC29 viewsAR-Triobol
Obv: Wreathed head of Persephone(Demeter) wearing earrings,facing right.
Rev: ΛΟΚΡΩΝ left,Ajax, nude but for crested Corinthian helmet, advancing right, holding sword and shield; monogram between legs.
Size: 15.5mm;2.47gms
Ref: BMC Central Greece,vol.8,Pg.5,No.39
BCD 101-2
Photo courtesy of Enodia
2 commentsBrian L
LOKRIS,_Lokri_Opuntii.jpg
LOKRIS, Lokri Opuntii. Circa 370-350 BC57 viewsAR Triobol , Wreathed head of Demeter right / Ajax, holding sword, shield decorated with griffin on left arm, advancing right on rocks; spear below. BCD Lokris 50; cf. HGC 4, 971.
a VF, . Max Dia 15 mm, about 1.90 gr. Well centered.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
Sam
lokris_opuntia_Jenkins266-7_a.jpg
Lokris, Lokris Opuntia Jenkins 266-764 viewsLokris, Lokris Opuntia, c.380-338 BC
AR - hemidrachm, 15mm, 2.4g
obv. Head of Demeter/Persephone (or Artemis/Arethusa?), wearing earring,
necklace and wreath from corn-ears, l., so-called Euainetos type.
rev. [OPON - TIWN]
Ajas, nude, except crested Corinthian helmet and shield, advancing r. with
pulled out short sword, below spear laying.
Jenkins (1972) 266-7; Brett 959-961

Euainetos was a famous die cutter from Syracuse c.400 BC. The obv. portrait imitates his style.

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
1 commentsJochen
82000214.jpg
LUCANIA, Metapontion28 viewsLUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 400-340 BC. AR Nomos (7.76 g, 9h). Head of Demeter left / Barley ear of seven grains with leaf to right; ivy leaf above leaf. Noe 521; HN Italy 1545. Near VF, lightly toned, struck from worn obverse die, a few scratches. Rare, Noe records only 2 examples.

From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection.

Ex-CNG(120)

ecoli
metapont1.jpg
Lucania, Metapontion24 viewsAR Nomos (21mm, 7.7g)
c. 330-290 BC

O: Head of Demeter left, wreathed with barley

R: [ME]TA, Barley ear with leaf to left; amphora [?] left
Salaethus
237997_l.jpg
Lucania, Metapontion (Circa 330-290 BC)35 viewsAR Nomos

7.85g, 19mm

Obv: Head of Demeter left, wearing grain wreath.

Rev: META. Barley grain, with ear to left; above leaf, griffin springing right; ΛY below leaf.

Johnston Class C6; HN Italy 1589.

Throughout the extensive series of staters that Metapontum issued, the ear of barley, to which the city-state owed its wealth, features prominently. Perhaps of most interest however, is the head of Demeter, the goddess of corn, which usually appears on the obverse of the staters. The head of Demeter is consistently represented as a young woman, often engraved in exquisite beauty to a very high degree of artistry.
1 commentsNathan P
Lucania_Metapontum_SNG-ANS599ff.jpg
Lucania, Metapontion.14 viewsLucania, Metapontion. 330-300 BC. AE17 (4.68 gm). Head of Demeter r., wreathed in grain, earrings and necklace. / Two ears of grain, META to l. nVF. Bt. Bill Davison 1999. SNG ANS 599-600; BMC 96; HN Italy 1715; HGC 1 1098; Johnston 79; SNG Cop 1257.Christian T
Lucania_Metapontion_SNG-ANS467ff.jpg
Lucania, Metapontion.36 viewsLucania, Metapontion. 330-290 BC. AR Nomos (7.89 gm). Head of Demeter r., with long heair, wearing wreath of grain, earrings and necklace, ΔΑΙ under chin. / Ear of grain, leaf to r. w/ plow above, META to l. MAX to r. gVF. CNG 45 #49. SNG ANS 467ff; SNG Cop 1227; HN Italy 1581; Johnson Class 1. 62 (same dies "unusual reverse signature"); SNG GB I Newnham Davis 22, III Lockett 425, VI Fitzwilliam 187, VII Manchester 210-211.1 commentsChristian T
metapontion.jpg
Lucania, Metapontion; Demeter/ Barley ear; poppy-head; AE 209 viewsLucania, Metapontion. Circa 450-350 B.C. AE 20mm, 8.53g. Obv.: head of Demeter right, wearing barley wreath; ME before. Rev.: [OBOΛOΣ], barley ear; poppy-head to right. Johnston, "The Bronze Coinage of Metapontum" in Kraay-Mørkholm Essays, p. 122, 4; SNG ANS 554. Slightly double struck. Ex Tom VossenPodiceps
F7B99948-A602-46AF-A885-000024EB94CB.jpeg
Lucania. Metapontum AR Nomos / Barley Ear27 viewsAttribution: HN Italy 1589
Date: 340-330 BC
Obverse: Wreathed head of Demeter left
Reverse: META, Ear of barley with leaf to left, Griffin above leaf
Size: 18.72 mm
Weight: 7.16 grams
Description: VF.
1 commentsMark R1
marcus_aurelius_maeonia_vonaulock3018.jpg.jpg
Lydia, Maionia, Marcus Aurelius SNG v. Aulock 301842 viewsMarcus Aurelius AD 161-180
AE 35, 24.70g
obv. AVT KAIC - ANTWNEINOC AVR
laureate bust r.
rev. EPI KVEINTOV B ARX A MAIONIWN
Hades with blowing clothes in galloping quadriga r., holding sceptre and reins,
head l., clasping the struggling Persephone waving arms in distress;
below the horses her withdrawn flower basket, above flying Eros.
SNG von Aulock 3018; ex coll. Burnstein, ex Auktion Peus #366, 2000
Rare, VF, two flan cracks

Hades fell in love with Persephone, the daughter of Demeter, and asked Zeus for permission to marry her. Zeus feared to offend his eldest brother by a downright refusal, but knew also that Demeter would not forgive him if Persephone were committed to the underworld. Zeus "therefore answered politically that he could neither give nor withhold his consent." This emboldened Hades to abduct Persephone, as she was picking flowers in a meadow, and carry her away in his horse-drawn chariot to the underworld.

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
Jochen
sardeis_julia_domna_SNGleypold1221.jpg
Lydia, Sardeis, Julia Domna, SNG Leypold 122125 viewsJulia Domna, AD 194-217
AE 22, 5.71g
struck under archon Annius Rufus
obv. IOVLIA. - CEBACTH
Bust, draped, r.; hair in broad bun behind
rev. EPI ROVFOV CARDI - A - NWN B NEWKORWN
Demeter in double-chiton, stg. facing, head l., holding in outstretched r. hand two
grain-ears and with raised l. hand burning long torch; l. at her feet a snake
erecting l.
SNG Leypold 1221 (same dies); BMC 154
rare, about VF, dark green patina

Thanks Lars for attribution!
Jochen
Sardes_Synkletos_Demeter_AE26_11_75g.jpg
Lydia, Sardes, Synkletos / Demeter, AE2630 views2nd-3rd century AD
26mm, 11.75g
obv: IEPA CYNKΛHTOC; draped bust of youthful Senate right
rev: Demeter standing left, holding grain ears and long scepter
SNG Copenhagen 507; SNG von Aulock -; SNG Leypold -

From the J.S. Wagner Collection.
ex CNG auction 201, Lot: 244
areich
k1.jpg
Lydia, Thyateira. Elagabalus. AE209 viewsObv: ANTΩNEINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ΘYATEIΡHNΩN, Demeter, veiled, standing left, holding corn-ear and poppy in right hand and long torch in left.
ancientone
BouleTrallesProvincial1a.jpg
Lydia, Tralles. Possibly time of Valerian. Unrecorded.19 viewsLydia, Tralles. Time of Valerian(?) (AD 253–260). Æ 32mm, 8.4 g, 6h.
Obverse: [ΚΛ]ΑΥΔΙΑ ΒΟΥΛΗ, laureate head of the Boule right.
Reverse: [ΕΠ?] • [Γ?] Μ ΑΥΡ Ζ - ΩΣΙΜ[...], unknown goddess to left, standing right with raised scepter(?) in left hand; Demeter to right, standing left with staff in left hand and unknown object in right; lit altar between.
References: Cf. Weber 6946 (for obv. and magistrate)
Ex Slaven Georgiev, 6-25-2011.

Appears to be the same obverse die as Weber 6946 (pl. 246).
Mark Fox
Lysimacheia_AE.jpg
Lysimacheia, Thrace33 views309-220 BC
AE 21 (21mm, 8.14g)
O: Wreathed and veiled head of Demeter right.
R: Nike standing left, holding wreath; ΛYΣIMA[XEΩN] around to left.
SNG Cop 905; Sear 1621; BMC 3, 6
ex Romae Aeternae Numismatics

1 commentsEnodia
Lysimacheia_AE~0.jpg
Lysimacheia, Thrace7 views309-220 BC
AE 21 (21mm, 8.14g)
O: Wreathed and veiled head of Demeter right.
R: Nike standing left, holding wreath; ΛYΣIMA[XEΩN] around to left.
SNG Cop 905; Sear 1621; BMC 3, 6
ex Romae Aeternae Numismatics
Enodia
amphip_apollo_grain_res.jpg
MACEDONIA, AMPHIPOLIS16 viewsca. 187 - 31 B.C.
AE 14 mm 4.27 g
O: Head of Apollo?(Demeter?) right;
R: Stalk of grain
cf. SNG Cop 59
Amphipolis mint
laney
Macedonian_Kingdom_15.PNG
Macedonia, Pella4 viewsMacedonia, Pella 187-31 BC.

Obverse.Veiled facing head of Demeter

Reverse. cow grazing right feeding on ear of grain; monograms above ?EN,Under cow a C

17mm
Macedonian Warrior
thessalonicademeter.jpg
Macedonia, Thessalonica. Pseudo-autonomous AE18. Demeter53 viewsImperial Thessalonika, AE 18, 4.2 g
Obv. QECCALONIKH, veiled head of Demeter right
Rev. QEC - CALO - NIKE - WN, in four lines within laurel wreath.
Moushmov 6616.

ancientone
Marcionopolis 217-218 AD.JPG
Marcianopolis pentassarion of Macrinus & Diadumenian48 viewsMacrinus and Diadumenian
Marcianopolis, Moesia inferior
AE, pentassarion 26mm
217-218 AD
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Macrinus right facing bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Diadumenian left
AV K OΠEΛ CEVH MAKPEINOC K M OΠEΛ ANTΩNEINOC
Demeter standing right, holding 2 corn-ears in left hand and a sceptre in right. E in upper right field
VΠ ΠONTIAN-O-V MAPKIANOΠOΛEI / TΩ-N
Hristova/Jekov 6.24.5.1 (r.5), p98; Varbanov (Eng.) Vol.1, No. 1262; ANMG I 725, p.237
1 commentsArdatirion
Gordian_III_V_4477.JPG
Marcus Antonius Gordianus III, 238 - 244 AD20 viewsObv: AYT KM ANTΩNIOC ΓOPΔIANOC, facing busts of Gordian III and Serapis, Gordian laureate and draped facing right; Serapis draped, wearing a cornucopia on his shoulder and a kalathos (tall headdress symbolizing prosperity) facing left.

Rev: OΔHCCEITΩN, Demeter standing left holding corn ears and a long torch, E in field.

Æ 26, Odessus, Moesia Inferior mint

11.6 grams, 28 mm, 180°

Varbanov I 4477
SPQR Coins
Menaion_AE.JPG
Menainon, Sicily (under Roman Rule)16 viewsAfter 212 BC
AE Tetras (17mm, 2.96g)
O: Veiled bust of Demeter right wreathed in grain, within dotted border.
R: Crossed torches; MENA / INΩN to either side, Δ below.
Calciati III 185, 5; HGC 2, 760; SNG ANS 290; SNG München 620; Sear 1129; BMC 98, 7
ex Forvm Ancient Coins

"Come, my daughter; for far-seeing Zeus the loud-thunderer calls you to join the families of the gods, and has promised to give you what rights you please among the deathless gods, and has agreed that for a third part of the circling year your daughter shall go down to darkness and gloom, but for the two parts shall be with you and the other deathless gods: so has he declared it shall be and has bowed his head in token. But come, my child, obey, and be not too angry unrelentingly with the dark-clouded Son of Cronos; but rather increase forthwith for men the fruit that gives them life."
~ Hymn to Demeter (Evelyn-White translation)
Enodia
Copy_of_Menaion_AE.JPG
Menainon, Sicily (under Roman Rule)9 viewsAfter 212 BC
AE Tetras (17mm, 2.96g)
O: Veiled bust of Demeter right wreathed in grain, within dotted border.
R: Crossed torches; MENA / INΩN to either side, Δ below.
Calciati III 185, 5; HGC 2, 760; SNG ANS 290; SNG München 620; Sear 1129; BMC 98, 7
ex Forvm Ancient Coins


Enodia
Menaion~0.jpg
Menaion, Sicily, AE16.9mm; veiled bust of Demeter right/ crossed torches, IIII below31 viewsMenaion, Sicily, c. 2nd Century B.C. Bronze tetrantes, SNG Cop 384, Calciati 7, VF, Menaion mint, 3.087g, 16.9mm, 0o, obverse veiled bust of Demeter right; reverse “ΜΕΝΑΙΝΩΝ”, crossed torches, IIII below. Ex FORVMPodiceps
menaion.jpg
Menaion, Sicily, AE17.7mm; veiled bust of Demeter right/ crossed torches, four pellets below30 viewsMenaion, Sicily, c. 2nd Century B.C. Bronze tetrantes, SNG Cop 383, gF, Menaion mint, 3.983g, 17.7mm, 0o, obverse veiled bust of Demeter right; reverse “MENAINWN”, crossed torches, four pellets below. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Messenia,_Messene_AE_Hexachalkon_BCD_752_(this_coin).jpg
Messenia, Messene, ca. 40s-30s BC, Æ Hemiobol or Hexachalkon 14 viewsHead of Demeter right wearing diadem.
Zeus Ithomatos standing right, hurling thunderbolt with right hand, eagle with spread wings perched on left wrist; ΔAMIΩN to left with wreath in outermost left field, ME above tripod in right field.

HGC 5, 580; BCD Peloponnesos 752 (this coin); Grandjean 556a (this coin illustrated); BMC 29; SNG Cop 512; Sear 2853.

(22 mm, 6.66 g, 6h).
Forestier & Lambert, December 2007; ex- BCD Collection: LHS Numismatics Auction 96, 8-9 May 2006, 752; ex- P. R. Franke collection.

The image of Zeus Ithomatas is a recurring theme on the civic coinage of Messene; a symbol of the Messenian belief that after four centuries of bondage to their Spartan neighbours that they had the support and assistance of the Zeus to maintain their independence and freedom.
n.igma
1305_Metapont.jpg
Metapontion - AR stater10 viewsc. 330-290 BC
head of Demeter right wearing grain ears, triple pendant earring and necklace
ear of barley with leaf to right; plough right
META
MAX
Johnston Class C1:4; HN Italy 1581
ex Roma Numismatics
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
metapontum.jpg
Metapontion, Lucania, Italy, c. 330 - 290 B.C.90 viewsSilver stater, HN Italy 1581; SGCV I 416 var; Noe-Johnston 3, class C 1.2-72, VF, obverse off center, weight 7.851g, maximum diameter 20.2mm, die axis 150o, c. 330 - 290 B.C.; obverse head of Demeter right; reverse head of grain, META on left, plough above leaf on right, M[AX] lower right; ex CNG; ex FORVM

Demeter in Greek mythology is the goddess of grain and fertility, the pure; nourisher of the youth and the green earth, the health-giving cycle of life and death; and preserver of marriage and the sacred law. In the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, dated to about the seventh century B.C. she is invoked as the "bringer of seasons," a subtle sign that she was worshipped long before she was made one of the Olympians. She and her daughter Persephone were the central figures of the Eleusinian Mysteries that also predated the Olympian pantheon.
3 commentsAdrian S
Copy_of_Metapontum_AE_2.JPG
Metapontum, Lucania15 views300-250 BC
AE16 (16mm, 3.09g)
O: Veiled head of Demeter right, wearing stephane.
R: Ear of barley; long leaf to left with VE monogram above, MET[A] to right.
Johnston 57; SNG ANS 573; SNG Cop 1259; HN Italy 1693.
ex Praefectus Coins
Enodia
Metapontum_AE_2.JPG
Metapontum, Lucania58 views300-250 BC
AE16 (16mm, 3.09g)
O: Veiled head of Demeter right, wearing stephane.
R: Ear of barley; long leaf with VE monogram above to left, MET[A] to right.
Johnston 57; SNG ANS 573; SNG Cop 1259; HN Italy 1693
ex Praefectus Coins

“They found the illustrious goddess sitting near the road, just the way
they had left her. Then they led her to the palace of their father.
She was walking behind them, sad in her heart.
She was wearing a veil on her head, and a long dark robe
trailed around the delicate feet of the goddess.”
~ Homeric Hymn to Demeter
1 commentsEnodia
Metapontum.JPG
Metapontum, Lucania119 views330-300 BC
AR Didrachm (21mm, 7.76g)
O: Head of Demeter right, wreathed in grain and wearing triple earring and necklace; ΔAI under chin.
R: Ear of barley with seven grains, leaf to right; plow above leaf, MAX below, META to left.
Johnston C-1; SNG ANS 470; SNG Cop 1227; HN Italy 1581; Sear 416
ex Windsor Antiquities

Founded around 700 BC by Achaean colonists, Metapontum strived to remain neutral through the many wars common in Magna Graecia. They took no active role in the struggle between fellow Achaean colonies of Kroton and Sybaris, although they did give sanctuary to Pythagoras and his followers after they were banished from Kroton. Here he taught until his retirement, and here he died (c. 500 BC).
Metapontum joined Taras in an alliance with Alexander of Epirus during his wars against the Lucanians and Bruttians (332 BC). However when Metapontum declined a similar offer to ally with Kleonymus of Sparta in 303 BC, Taras became hostile and attacked, eventually extorting a large sum of gold from the Metapontines. The animosity between them subsided by 281 BC, when Metapontum once again sided with the Tarentines in an alliance with Pyrrhus, King of Epirus, in the war against Rome.
By this time their influence in the region had waned, and we hear less and less of the city until the Second Punic War (216 BC), at which time Metapontum declared in favor of Hannibal. By 212 BC Hannibal occupied the city, and it seems to have been a major base for his forces. However, after his military reversal Hannibal was forced to give up possession of the region, departing Italy from Metapontum in 207 BC and evacuating the population at the same time. Metapontum would never again play a major role in Magna Graecia, and although Cicero mentions visiting the city, Pausanias tells us that the site was a complete ruin by his time.
3 commentsEnodia
Meta_AE.JPG
Metapontum, Lucania41 views350-300 BC
AE15 (15mm, 2.80g)
O: Head of Demeter right, wreathed in grain.
R: Ear of grain.
Johnston 62; HN Italy 1698; Sear 621v

1 commentsEnodia
IMGP2791Mith2_combo.jpg
Mithradates II. 121- 91 BC 73 viewsAR tdr., 16,01gr, 29,9mm; Sellwood 23.2, Shore --, Sunrise 280 (Arsakes X., 122-121 BC);
mint: Seleukia, axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, right, w/diadem, knot and 2 ribbons; short cap-like hair in 5 waves, very short beard; earring, multi-turn torque; reel-and-pellet border 10 to 7h;
rev.: goddess (Demeter?) left, on throne, w/winged goddess offering diadem on outstretched right hand, cornucopia in left arm; 4-line legend in 2+2 format: BAΣIΛEΩΣ APΣAKOY EΠiΦANOYΣ (Φ)IΛEΛΛHNOΣ 2 symbols below exergual line: TV and composite monogram;

ex: David Sellwood Collection (The New York Sale XXXIV, Baldwin's).
1 commentsSchatz
dionysopolis_commodus_Moushmov87.jpg
Moesia inferior, Dionysopolis, Commodus, Jekov 3.449 viewsCommodus, AD 177- 192
AE 20, 5.24g
obv. AVT KAIC AVRH - KOMODOC
bust, laureate, r.
rev. DIONVCOP - OLEITW - N
Female figure (Demeter?), in long clothes, stg. frontal, head l., holding long staff with
several rings in her raised r. hand and in l. arm vase from which water flows into the P
of the legend
Gamma in l. field (for triassarion)
Not in AMNG; Jekov 3.4; Varbanov (engl.) 448 (cites in error AMNG 374); Moushmov 87
very rare, about VF

The long staff looks a bit like a water pipe with clamps. In any case an interesting coin!
Jochen
Istros.jpg
Moesia Inferior, Istros. Severus Alexander AE20. Demeter69 viewsObv: Severus Alexander bust r. AVT K M AVP CEB ALEXANDROC.
Rev: Demeter standing left, holding corn ears and torch, altar at her feet. I-CTPI-HNWN.
Varbanov 664.
1 commentsancientone
kallatis_AMNG281.jpg
Moesia inferior, Kallatis, pseudo-autonomous, AMNG 28138 viewsAE 22, 6.6g
struck 2st - 3nd century AD
obv. (anepigraphic)
Bust of Demeter, draped and with veil, wearing wreath of corn-ears, two corn-
ears before
rev. KAL - LATIA / NWN (both N's mirrored)
The dioscurs Kastor and Polydeukes, without stars above heads, wearing
cloaks, galloping r.
Gamma in the upper field (for triassarion)
AMNG I/1, 284 (1 ex., Wien); SNG Copenhagen 181; BMC 9; Lindgren 706 var.; Sear 4821 var.; Moushmov 221
vary rare, VF
1 commentsJochen
4295AF1F-7381-41E5-B01C-A6E762307A86.jpeg
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. Gordian III14 viewsMOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. Gordian III. AD 238-244. Æ Pentassarion (27mm, 11.13 g, 12h). Menophilus, consular legate. Laureate and draped bust of Gordian III right, vis-à-vis draped bust of Serapis left, wearing calathus / Demeter standing left, holding grain ears and torch. H&J 6.37.5.3; Varbanov 1977ecoli
markianopolis_macrinus_diadum_AMNG725.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 24. Macrinus & Diadumenian, HrJ (2013) 6.24.05.01 corr.52 viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 28, 13.4g, 28.04mm, 30°
struck under governor Furius Pontianus
obv. AV K OPEL CEVH MAKREINOC K M OPEL / ANTWNEI / NOC (RE ligate)
Confronted busts of Macrinus, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and
Diadumenian, bare-headed, l.
rev. VP PONTIAN - O - V MARKIANOPOLI
in l. and r. field T - WN
Demeter(?), in long garment (and veiled?), stg. r., resting with r. hand on
scepter and holding grain-ears(?) in l. hand
in upper r. field E (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 725 (1 ex. in München)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1262 (has in error AMNG 725 listed as #1263!)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.24.5.1 corr. (ligate RE not mentioned)
rare, about VF, nice green patina

The garment on the r. side has strange indentations. A correct explanation is difficult. Perhaps it is a wrong understood blanket stitching which we find often at woolen garments on Classical and post-Classical sculptures. (Pat Lawence)
1 commentsJochen
markianopolis_macrin_diadum_AMNG755.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 24. Macrinus & Diadumenian, HrJ (2013) 6.24.05.03 corr. (plate coin)92 viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 27 (Pentassarion), 13.58g, 26.91mm, 45°
struck under governor Furius Pontianus
obv. AV K OPPEL CEVH MAKREINOC
below in 3 lines KM OPPEL AN / TWNINOC DI / ADOVMEN
confronted heads of Diadumenian, bare-headed, r., and Macrinus, laureate, l.
rev. VP PONTIAN - OV MARKIAN / OPOLITWN
Female figure, with chignon, reclining on rock l., holding in
extended r. hand bunch of flowers(?), resting with l. arm on font(?), rabbit r. on
ground
E in l. field (for Pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 755 (only 1 ex. in Bukarest, but hare not mentioned!)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1265 (here called Elpis!)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.6.24.5.3 corr. (writes DIA - DOVMEN)
figure called Demeter or Moesia(?)
Rare, VF/about EF, the most beautiful specimen known!
added to www.wildwinds.com

The female figure could be the mountain nymph Rhodope (Seguin, Paris 1665) or perhaps Moesia itself (Pat Lawrence). Due to the running discussion on the Forum there is a very strong resemblance to the HISPANIA coins of Hadrian with Hispania reclining l., holding branch, rabbit below. (Curtis Clay)

For an indeep discussion of this type please look at the thread 'Unknown beauty from Marcianopolis' on the board 'Classical Numismatics'.
2 commentsJochen
markianopolis_elagabal_BMC50.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 26. Elagabal, HrJ (2013) 6.26.05.06 #157 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 26, 10.1g, 26.35mm, 180°
struck under governor Iulius Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT KM AVRHLIOC - ANTWNEINOC
bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. VP.IOVL.ANT.CELE - VKOV MARKIANOPO / LITWN
Demeter, in long chiton and himation, stg. frontal, head l., holding two corn-
ears in outstretched r. hand and leaning with l. hand on sceptre.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 819 var. (has torch)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1560 (cites AMNG 819, but writes scepter which can be seen on pic too!)
c) Hristova-Jekov (2013) 6.26.5.6
d) BMC 50
about VF, small scratches on obv.
Pedigree:
ex Colosseum 1997
VF, glossy black-green patina

AMNG has two corn-ears, head of poppy and torch. Here it is doubtless no poppy and a sceptre with knob. But it is Demeter nevertheless.
Jochen
markianopolis_elagabal_HrJ(2013)6_26_05_06_#2.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 26. Elagabal, HrJ (2013) 6.26.05.06 #29 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 27, 11.1g, 27.19mm, 180°
struck under governor Iulius Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT KM AVRHLIOC - ANTWNEINOC
bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. VP.IOVL.ANT.CELE - VKOV MARKIANOPO / LITWN
Demeter, in long chiton and himation, stg. frontal, head l., holding two corn-
ears in extended r. hand and resting with raised l. hand on sceptre.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 819 var. (has torch)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1560 (cites AMNG 819, but writes scepter which can be seen on pic too!)
c) Hristova-Jekov (2013) 6.26.5.6
d) BMC 50
VF, glossy black-green patina

AMNG has two corn-ears, head of poppy and torch. Here it is doubtless no poppy and a sceptre with knob. But it is Demeter nevertheless.
Jochen
markianopolis_elagabal_AMNG813cf_unbekannt.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 26. Elagabal, HrJ (2013) 6.26.05.07 (plate coin)18 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 27, 9.98g, 27.21mm, 165°
struck under governor Julius Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT KM AVRHLIOC - ANTWNEINOC (C square)
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. VP IOVL ANT CELE - VKOV MARKIANOPOL / ITWN (WN ligate)
Female deity, in long garment, stg. l., holding patera in extended r. hand and
resting with l. hand on long torch(!)
ref. a) not in AMNG:
obv. AMNG I/1, 817 var. (has dots between the letters)
rev. not in AMNG; AMNG 813, pl.XIV, 2 has clearly a knob atop the scepter!
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.26.5.7 (plate coin, under Demeter)
very rare, F+/about VF, stripped

The most likely seeming, with a torch, with young woman's hairdo, is Kore / Persephone (Pat Lawrence)
Kore / Persephone is not listed for Markianopolis!
Jochen
markianopolis_elagabal_AMNG819cf_#2.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 26. Elagabal, HrJ (2013) 6.26.5.6 #244 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 27, 11.1g, 27.19mm, 180°
struck under governor Iulius Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT KM AVRHLIOC - ANTWNEINOC
bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. VP.IOVL.ANT.CELE - VKOV MARKIANOPO / LITWN
Demeter, in long chiton and himation, stg. frontal, head l., holding two corn-
ears in outstretched r. hand and leaning with l. hand on sceptre.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 819 var. (has torch)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1560 (cites AMNG 819, but writes scepter which can be seen on the pic too!)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) 6.26.5.6
d) BMC 50
F+/about VF, glossy dark green patina

AMNG has two corn-ears, head of poppy and torch. Here it is doubtless no poppy and a sceptre with knob. Nevertheless it is Demeter.
Jochen
markianopolis_sev_alex_AMNG996.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 32. Severus Alexander, HrJ (2014) 6.32.05.02 corr.21 viewsSeverus Alexander, AD 222-235
AE 25, 8.81g, 25.37mm, 30°
struck under governor Tib. Iulius Festus
obv. AVT KM AVR CEVH - [ALEZANDROC]
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. VP TIB [IOVL] FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLITWN (AR and WN ligate)
Demeter in girdled double chiton and with palllium, stg. frontal, head l., holding grain-ears poppy-head in lowered r. hand and resting on burning long torch with l. hand.
Ref.: a) AMNG I/1, 996 (ex. in Gotha with pallium too!)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1768
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No.6.32.5.2 corr. (ligations not mentioned)
F+, green patina
Jochen
markianopolis_sev_alex_maesa_Demeter_unbekannt.JPG
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 33. Severus Alexander & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2014) 6.33.05.04 (plate coin)23 viewsSeverus Alexander & Julia Maesa, AD 222-235
AE 28, 11.51g, 28.32mm, 195°
struck under governor Tib. Iulius Festus
obv. AVT KM AVR CEVH AL[EZAN]DROC IOVLIA MAICA.
Confronting busts of Severus Alexander, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Julia
Maesa,draped and wearing stephane, l.
rev. VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLITWN (AR and OV ligate)
Demeter, in long garment, stg. facing, head l., holding in raised r. hand grain-ears and
poppies, resting with l. hand on burning long torch
in r. field big E
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) not in Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.33.5.4 (plate coin)
rare, S+, dark green patina
1 commentsJochen
markianopolis_sev_alex_mamaea_HrJ(2011)6_34_5_2var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 34. Severus Alexander & Julia Mamaea, HrJ (2014) 6.34.05.03 corr.16 viewsSeverus Alexander, AD 238-244
AE 27, 11.09g, 27.01mm, 0°
struck under governor Umbrius Tereventinus
obv. AVT KM AVR CEVH ALEZANDROC IOVLI MAMAIA
Confronting busts of Severus Alexander, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Julia Mamaea, draped,
wearing stephane, l.
rev. HG OVM.TEREBENTI[NOV - MARKIANOPO]LI / TWN
Demeter, in long garment and mantle, without veil, stg. l., resting with raised l. hand on long burning
torch and holding in r. hand grain-ears
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 1077 (depiction)
AMNG I/1, 1076 (legend)
obv. AMNG I/1, 1079 var. (has IOVLIA)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1823
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) 6.34.5.3 corr. (writes IOVL)
d) not in Pfeiffer
rare, +, slightly rough, elegant rev.

With IOVLI a rare obv. die (Curtis Clay)
Jochen
markianopolis_sev_alex_mammaea_AMNG1083.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 34. Severus Alexander & Julia Mamaea, HrJ (2014) 6.34.05.05 (plate coin)33 viewsSeverus Alexander, AD 222-235
AE 26, 11.12g, 25.61mm, 0°
struck under governor Fir. Philopappus
obv. AVT KM CEVH [ALEZANDROC KAI IOVLIA] MAMAIA
confronted busts of Severus Alexander, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Julia Mamaea, draped and wearing stephane, l.
rev. VP FIR FILOPAPPOV MARKIANOPOLITW / N
Goddess in long clothes, but without veil, with corn-ears and torch (Demeter or
Kore)
in r. field E (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1083 (1 ex., Bukarest)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1850
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No.6.34.5.5 (plate coin)
very rare, small flan, therefore legends only partially seen, otherwise about VF; but the legible parts of the legend confirms Pick's assumption that it is Mamaea on the obv.
Jochen
markianopolis_gordianIII_serapis_demeter_unbekannt.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 37. Gordian III & Serapis, HrJ (2014) 6.37.05.05 (plate coin)15 viewsGordian III & Serapis, AD 238-244
AE 26, 10.24g, 26.36mm, 0°
struck under governor Tullius Menophilus
obv. ANTWNIOC GO[RDIANOC A]VG (VG ligate?)
beneath AVT K.M.
Confronting busts of Giordanus III, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Serapis,
draped and wearing kalathos, l.
rev. VP M[HNO]FILOV - M - ARKIANOPOL
in r. field one below the other I / T / W / [N]
Demeter, in long girded double chiton and mantle hanging over her shoulders, veiled,
stg. l., holding grain-ears in extended r. hand and resting with raised l. hand on long
torch.
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.37.5.5 (plate coin)
d) not in Pfeiffer
extremely rare, F+, stripped
Jochen
markianopolis_gordianIII_serapis_HrJ6_37_5_5var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 37. Gordian III & Serapis, HrJ (2014) 6.37.05.09 (plate coin)19 viewsGordian III & Serapis, AD 238-244
AE 27, 13.15g, 27.47mm, 210°
struck under governor Tullius Menophilus
obv. M ANT GORDIANVS AVG
below AVT K
confronted busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Serapis,
draped and wearing kalathos, l.
rev. VP MHNOFILOV MARKIANO / POLIT
in lower r. field one below the other W / N
Demeter, in long garment and mantle, with stephane (and veil?), std. l. on basket,
holding grain-ears in r. hand and resting with raised l. hand on long torch
in upper l. field E
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 1129 (depiction)
AMNG I/1, 1127 (legend)
obv. AMNG I/1, 1129
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1977
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.37.5.9 (plate coin)
F+, dark green patina

A nice detail: Demeter is std. on a basket.
Jochen
nikopolis_commodus_HrHJ(2013)8_10_5_1corr.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 10. Commodus, HrHJ (2018) 8.10.05.01 (plate coin)19 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 19, 3.19g, 18.85mm, 225°
obv. AVT K - AI KOMODOC
laureate head r.
rev. NEIKOPOLI - PROC ICC
Demeter in long double chiton, veiled, stg. l., resting with raised l. hand on long burning
torch and holding in extended r. hand unknown object
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.10.5.1 (plate coin)
very rare, about VF, dark green patina

The staff is fringed at is upper end and looks more like a burning torch than a sceptre. Therefore I think it is Demeter. But if the unknown object is a patera, Hestia comes into play.
Jochen
nikopolis_commodus_HrJ8_10_5_2corr_2.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 10. Commodus, HrHJ (2018) 8.10.05.02 (plate coin)19 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 17, 2.64g, 17.13mm, 30°
obv. AV KAI K - OMODOC
laureate head r.
rev. NIKO - P - O - LI PROC IC
Demeter in double chiton and palla, veiled, stg. l., holding in raised l. hand burning long
torch and in extended r. hand grain-ears and poppy; l. before her cista mystica
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.):
no Demeter listed for Commodus!
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) 8.10.5.2 (plate coin)
rare, about VF, dark green patina

Jochen
nikopolis_commodus_HrHJ(2013)8_10_5_1corr~0.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 10. Commodus, HrHJ (2018) 8.10.05.03 corr. (plate coin)12 viewsMoesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Commodus, AD 177-192
AE 17, 2.19g, 17.33mm, 195°
obv. AVT KAI AV - KOMODO / [C]
laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLI - PIOC IC
Demeter in long double chiton, stg. l., holding torch in l. arm and in raised r. arm grain ears
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.10.5.3 corr. (plate coin, writes PROC)
F+, brown patina
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrHJ(2018)8_14_5_-_neu.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.05.- (new)4 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 26, 10.39mm, 26.17mm, 15°
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
obv. AV [K L CEP] - CEVHROC P
Laureate head r., slightly draped on l. shoulder
rev. VPA [AVR GALLOV] NIKO - POLEITWN PROC / ICTRON
Demeter in long garment and mantle, stg. frontal, head l., resting with raised l. hand on
burning long torch and holding in extended r. hand grain ears over cista mystica with
raised lid from which snake is emerging l.
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov
c) not in Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018)
rev. No. HrHJ (2018) 8.14.5.- (nicht gelistet)
obv. e.g. No. 8.14.38.11 (same die)
probably unpublished
F-/F, dark green patina

Because of the obv. portrait the governor is Aurelius Gallus.
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrJ(2011)8_14_5_1.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.05.0111 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 30, 16.38g, 30.07mm, 45°
struck under governor Pollenius Auspex
obv. AV KAI LOV CEPT. - CEVHROC PER
laureate head r.
rev. VPA POL AVCPIKOC NI - K - OPOLITWN PROC IC / TRW.
Demeter in long girded double chiton and mantle stg. frontal, head l., resting with raised l. hand on long
stepped burning torch and holding in outstretched r. hand patera
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.5.1 (same dies)
very rare (R8), about VF, dark brown patina, a bit rough

The ICTRW in ex. fades away at the end, but I couldn't see N at the end.
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrHJ(2013)8_14_5_-_neu.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.05.03 (plate coin)8 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 27, 12.03g
struck under governot Ovinius Tertullus
obv. AV.K.L.CEP. - CEVHROC.P
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate r.
rev. VPA OOV.TERTVLLOV NIKOPOLI PROC I.
Demeter, in long double chiton, veiled, stg. l., resting with raised r. hand on long burning torch and holding in extended
r. hand patera over modius with 4 grain-ears
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.5.3 (plate coin)
rare, F+, dark green patina
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_AMNG1353.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.05.05 (plate coin)26 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 17, 2.11g, 17.06mm, 15°
obv. AV L C - [CEV]HROC
Head, laureate, r.
rev. NIKOPOL - I PROC IC
Demeter, in long garment and veiled, stg. l., resting with l. hand on long burning torch and holding grain-ears in lowered r. hand.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1353 (2 ex., Leake, Wizsay)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2259
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.5.5 (plate coin)
about VF, dark green patina

Pick has AV [L?] CE - CEB...(?) and AV K C CEVHROC. Here it seems to be AV L C - [CEV]HROC.
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrHJ(2015)8_14_5_5(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.05.06 (plate coin)5 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 19-211
AE 19, 2.91g, 19.47mm, 330°
obv. AV L C - CEVHROC
Laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOL - I PROC IC
Demeter, in long garment, stg. l., resting with raised l. hand on long burning torch and
holding in lowered r. hand grain-ears
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1353 var, (has AV L CE)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2259 (cites AMNG 1353, but has only AV L C)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.5.6 (this coin
F+, dark green patina

Different obv. than HrHJ (2015) 8.14.5.5: Here the AV is located below the bust!
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_AMNG1352var_#1.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.05.09 #239 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 18, 2.30g, 17.64mm, 45°
obv. AV KAI CE - CEVHROC
Head, laureate, r.
rev. NIKOPOLIT - PROC ICT
Female figure with long garment [and veil], stg. l., holding patera in r. hand and resting on torch with l. hand (Hestia?)
ref.: a) AMNG I/1, 1352 var.
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2383 var. (has AV KAI C)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.5.9
writes Demeter (Hestia?)
F, a bit crude

Pick would have subsumed this type under #1352 I think.
Jochen
nikopolis_caracalla_HrHJ(2012)8_18_3_1corr.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2018) 8.18.03.0115 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 26, 10.75g, 26.40mm, 210°
struck under governor Ovinius Tertullus
obv. AV.K.M.AVR. - ANTWNINOC
Youthful bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. VPA OOV TERTVLLOV NIKOPOLIT PROC IC.
Demeter in long garment and veil stg. l., resting with raised l. hand on long
burning torch and holding patera in outstretched r. hand over modius with grain-
ears
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) not in Blancon list 41/2003
d) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.18.3.1
Very rare (R7), VF, black-green patina
Jochen
nikopolis_caracalla_HJ8_18_5_1.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2018) 8.18.05.0237 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 27, 10.80g, 27.37mm, 30°
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
obv. [AV KM AV]RHLI - ANTWNINOC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. VPA AVR GALLOV NI - KOPOLIT PROC IC
Demeter, in long garment and mantle, veiled, stg. l., holding two grain-ears in lowered r. hand and
resting with raised l. hand on burning long torch.
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.18.5.2 (rev. from same die)
rare (R6), F+, green patina, obv. slightly excentric
Jochen
nikopolis_caracalla_HrHJ(2017)8_18_5_-_neu.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2018) 8.18.05.07 (plate coin)7 viewsCaracalla as Caesar, AD 195-198
AE 16, 3.10g, 16.05mm, 210°
obv. M AV K - [ANTWNIN]
Bust, draped, bare-headed, r.
rev. NIKOPOLI - PROC IC
Demeter, in long girded double chiton, veiled, stg. frontal, head l., resting with raised l. hand
on long burning torch and holding in extended r. hand grain-ears
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.18.5.7 (this coin)
F+, black green patina
Jochen
nikopolis_caracalla_HrHJ(2017)8_18_47_19(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2018) 8.18.47.20 (plate coin)12 viewsCaracalla as Caesar, AD 195-198
AE 17, 3.17g, 17.06, 195°
obv. M AV K - ANTWNIN - oc
Bare head r.
rev, NIKOPOLI - PROC IC
Vase with grain-ears hanging down on each side, entwined by snake, head r.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1506 (1 Ex., Paris)
b) not in Varbanov
c) Hristov/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.18.47.20 (this coin)
about VF, dark green glossy patina

Torch, grain-ears and snake point to Demeter.
Jochen
nikopolis_geta_AMNG1661.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 22. Geta, HrHJ (2018) 8.22.05.01 (plate coin)55 viewsGeta, AD 209-212
AE 29, 11.85g, 28.54mm, 45°
struck under governor Flavius Ulpianus
obv. AVT K P CE - P GETAC AV
bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. V FL OVLPIAN - NIKOPOLIT / PROC I
Demeter, in girded double chiton and veiled, stg. l., holding with r. hand corn-ears over burning altar l., and in raised l. hand torch with snake coiling around lower part.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1661 (2 ex., Bukarest, München)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3291
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.22.5.1 (plate coin)
rare, VF, brown-green patina

An unusual depiction of Demeter with a torch entwined by a snake like on coins of some Thracian cities and on a relief from Philippopolis (Pick). The snake is a hint to the role of Demeter as healing goddess (Rubensohn, Athen. Mitt. 20, 1895, p.360ff.)

Strange double strike in ex!
Jochen
nikopolis_macrinus_HrJ(2012)8_23_5_6corr.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 23. Macrinus, HrHJ (2018) 8.23.05.06 (plate coin)15 viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 27, 12.22g, 27.44mm, 0°
struck under governor Marcus Claudius Agrippa
obv. AV K OPPEL CE - VH MAKRINOC
laureate head r.
rev. VP AGRIPA NIKOP - O - LITWN PROC IC
Demeter, diademed, in long garment and mantle, veiled(?), stg. l., resting with raised l. hand on long
burning torch and holding in lowered r. hand grain-ears
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.23.5.6 (plate coin)
scarce (R5), about VF
Jochen
nikopolis_macrinus_HrHJ(2018)8_23_5_7.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 23. Macrinus, HrHJ (2018) 8.23.05.0710 viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 27, 11.91g, 26.62mm, 210°
struck under governor Statius Longinus
obv. AVT K M OPELL - CEV MAKRINOC
Bust cuirassed with scale armour, laureate, r.
rev. Demeter in long garment and mantle, veiled, stg. frontal, looking l., resting with raised l. hand on long burning torch and holding in raised r. hand 3 grain-ears
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1731 (3 ex., Leake, St. Petersburg, Sestini)
b) Varbanov 3513 corr. (= AMNG 1731, but writes "std. l., wearing kalathos")
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.23.5.7
F+, green patina
Jochen
nikopolis_macrinus_HrHJ(2015)8_23_5_8corr.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 23. Macrinus, HrHJ (2018) 8.23.05.0812 viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 27, 13.65g, 26.83mm, 15°
struck under governor Statius Longinus
obv. AVT K M OPEL CEV - H MAKRINOC
Bust, cuirassed (with gorgoneion on breast plate?), seen from front, laureate, r.
rev. VP.CTA.LONGINOV.NIKOPOLITWN.PROC ICT
Demeter in long chiton and mantle over her shoulders, stg. frontal, head l., resting with
raised r. hand on long burning torch, entwined by snake, and holding in extended r. hand
grain ears over open cista mystica from which snake is emerging r.
ref. a) not in AMNG:
for the rev. see AMNG I/1, [1730], (1 ex., Wiczay, lost)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.):
cf. #3477 (= AMNG 1730)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.23.5.8
very rare, F+/about VF, brown patina

The obv. of this type is unusual in that here the cuirassed bust is seen from front (to show the gorgoneion?). Usually the cuirassed busts are seen from behind to show the cuirass
Jochen
nikopolis_macrinus_HrHJ(2015)8_25_5_7corr(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 23. Macrinus, HrHJ (2018) 8.23.05.11 (plate coin) 5 viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 27, 12.13g, 26.66g, 0°
struck under governor Statius Longinus
obv. [AVT K M OP]ELLI CEV - MAKREIN[OC]
Laureate head r.
rev. VP CTATI LONGINO - V - NIKOPOLITWN PRO / C ICTRW
Demeter in long garment and mantle, stg. l., resting with raised l. hand on long sceptre and
holding in lowered r. hand 2 grain-ears
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1732 (1 ex., Gotha)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3543
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.23.5.11 (this coin)
Rare, F+, stripped

The rev. is known for Diadunenian, No. 8.25.5.7. Another example for a parallel issue for members of the imperial family!
Jochen
nikopolis_macrinus_HrHJ(2018)8_25_5_6(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 23. Macrinus, HrHJ (2018) 8.25.05.06 (rev. only, for Diadumenian)18 viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 26, 11.43g, 26.37mm, 180°
struck under governor Marcus Claudius Agrippa
obv. AVT K OPPEL - MAKRINO --- C
Bust, cuirassed, seen from front, laureate, r., aegis on l. shoulder, gorgoneion on breast
plate
rev. VP AGRIPPA - NIKOPOLITWN / PROC ICT / [RW]
Demeter in long double chiton, veiled, stg. frontal and looking l., resting
with raised l. hand on long burning torch and holding in lowered r. hand grain-ears over
burning altar
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov
c) not in Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018)
rev. No. 8.25.5.6 (for Diadumenian, same die)
obv. from an unknown die
probably unpublished
rare, about VF/F+, glossy dark green patina

A new example for a parallel issue for members of the imperial family!
1 commentsJochen
nikopolis_diadumenian_AMNG1834cf.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 25. Diadumenian, HrHJ (2018) 8.25.03.0430 viewsDiadumenian, AD 217/218
AE 27, 11.40g, 26.91mm, 0°
struck under governor Statius Longinus
obv. [K] M OPPEL [ANTWN] DIADOVMENIANOC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r.
rev. VP CTATIOV LON - GI - NOV NIKOPOLI
in l. and r. field TW - N
in ex. PROC ICT
Hera, in long garment and with mantle, stg. l., holding patera in extended r. hand and resting
with l. hand on sceptre
ref. a) cf. AMNG I/1, 1834 (rev. only, legend unknown, but this type is known for some strange legend
arrangements)
b) Varbanov (engl.) cf. 3774 (cites AMNG 1834, but has different legends)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.25.3.4
rare, F/about VF, some roughness

The figure can be Hera or Demeter, but the object in the r. hand looks rather like a patera than grain-
ears.
Jochen
nikopolis_diadumenian_HrHJ(2013)8_25_5_2_2.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 25. Diadumenian, HrHJ (2018) 8.25.05.0212 viewsDiadumenian,AD 217-218
AE 27, 12.74g, 26.68mm, 345°
struck under governor Marcus Claudius Agrippe
obv. [K M OP]PEL ANTWNI DIADOVMENIAN - OC
Bare head r.
rev. VP AGRIPPA NI - KOPOLITWN PR / OC ICTR
Goddess with mural crown enthroned l., resting with raised l. hand on sceptre and holding in extended r.
hand patera(?)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1795 (2 ex., Bukarest, Rollin)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3651 (writes city-goddess)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.25.5.2 (writes Demeter)
about VF, dark green patina
pedigree:
ex Pecunem Auction 25, Lot 105

Pick writes: Cf. the note on a similar type on a coin for Macrinus, n. 1734. There the goddess hold grain-ears in her r. hand; here on the ex. from Bukarest the attribut seems to be unsure for me, whereas Svoronos on the ex. from Rollin means to see a patera; thereafter it remains uncertain wether Hera or Demeter is seen as city-goddess.
On my coin it does look more like a patera than grain-ears!
Jochen
nikopolis_diadumenian_AMNG1836(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 25. Diadumenian, HrHJ (2018) 8.25.05.0425 viewsDiadumenian, AD 217-218
AE 27, 13.88g, 0°
struck under governor Statius Longinus
obv. M OPEL DIADOV - MENIANOC K (OV ligate)
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from front. bare-headed r.
rev. VP CTA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITWN PROC / IC
Demeter, veiled, in long garment and with mantle, stg. l., resting with raised l. hand on burning long torch entwined by a
snake, and holding in lowered r. hand grain-ears over cista mystica with open lid from which a second snake is arising.
ref. a) not in AMNG:
obv. AMNG I/1, 1839
rev. AMNG I/1, 1836
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3722
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.25.5.4 (same dies)
rare, about VF, dark green patina

A type as I love it!
Jochen
nikopolis_diadumenian_HrHJ(2013)8_25_5_7corr.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 25. Diadumenian, HrHJ (2018) 8.25.05.07 (plate coin)70 viewsDiadumenian, AD 217-218
AE 28, 12.18g, 27.73mm, 195°
struck under governor Statius Longinus
obv. KM OPELLI ANTONI - DIADOVMENIANOC
Bare head r., drapery on l. shoulder
rev. VP CTATI LONGINO - V - NIKOPOLITWN PRO / C ICTRO
Demeter (or Kore), unveiled, but with long drooping mantle over girded double chiton, stg. l., holding two
grain ears in lowered r. hand and resting with raised l. hand on long sceptre.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1837 (4 ex., Imhoof, Mionnet, Schmidt, Hoffmann)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3745
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.25.5.7 (plate coin)
d) Megaw NIC4.13c
VF, dark green patina, fine style
same rev. like Macrinus #1732

The garment is interesting because here the short chiton seems to be gathered above the knee. I have never seen this feature.
2 commentsJochen
nikopolis_diadumenian_HrJ(2012)8_25_5_7(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 25. Diadumenian, HrHJ (2018) 8.25.05.08 (plate coin)14 viewsDiadumenian, AD 217-218
AE 28, 12.74g, 28.07mm, 15°
struck under governor Statius Longinus
obv. K M OPPEL ANTWN DIADOVMENIANOC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from front, bare-headed, r.
rev. VP CTATIOV LON - GI - NOV NIKOPOLEITW
in l. and r. field N P - R
in ex. OC ICTRW
Demeter in long girded double chiton and mantle, stg. l., resting with raised l. hand on
burning torch and holding in lowered r. hand grain-ears
ref. a) cf. AMNG I/1, 1838 (Pick doesn't differentiate between bust seen from front and bust
seen from behind!)
b) Varbanov (engl.)
cf. #3772 (bust seen from behind!)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.25.5.8 (plate coin)
rare, about VF, patina somewhat damaged
Jochen
nikopolis_diadumenian_AMNG1838.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 25. Diadumenian, HrHJ (2018) 8.25.05.0922 viewsDiadumenian, AD 217-218
AE 27, 14.47g, 27.15mm, 15°
struck under governor Statius Longinus
obv. KM [OPPE]L ANTWN DIADOVMENIAN[OC]
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, bare-headed, r.
rev. VP CTATIOV LON - GI - NOV NIKOPOLITW
in l. and r. field N P / R
in ex. OC ICTRW
Demeter in long garment and mantle, veiled, stg. l., holding grain-ears in r. hand and resting with l.
hand on sceptre
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1838 (3 ex., Bukarest, London, Chaix)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3772
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.25.5.9
rare, about VF, stripped
Jochen
nikopolis_elagabal_AMNG1905corr.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2018) 8.26.05.03 #1 (plate coin)34 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 27, 10.19g, 26.90mm, 180°
struck under governor Novius Rufus
obv. AVT K M AVR - ANTWNEINOC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from front, radiate, r.
rev. VP NOBIOV ROVFOV - NI - KOPOLITWN PROC / ICTRO (2nd OV of ROVFOV ligate)
Demeter in long garment and veiled, stg. l., holding grain-ears in lowered r.
hand and burning long torch in l. hand.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1905 corr. (1 ex., Philippopolis)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3958
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.26.5.3 (plate coin)
rare, about VF

This coin resembles Pick's #1905 except that Pick describes Demeter as holding grain-ears and sceptre. But here the rev. shows clearly a burning torch. I think that the coin which Pick has seen must have been so worn that he couldn't identify the long torch. This suggestion is strenghened by the fact that Pick has not seen the full legend but has completed it by looking at another coin (from Mandl).
Jochen
nikopolis_elagabal_AMNG1905corr~0.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2018) 8.26.05.03 #242 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 26, 13.4g, 26.14mm, 180°
struck under governor Novius Rufus
obv. AVT K M AVR - ANTWNEINOC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from front, radiate, r.
rev. VP NOBIOV ROVFOV - NI - KOPOLITWN PROC / ICTRON (last OV ligate)
Demeter, wearing long garment, stg. frontal, head l., holding grain-ears in
outstretched r. hand and resting with l. hand on long torch.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1905 corr. (1 ex., Philippopolis)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3958
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.26.5.3
F+, dark-green patina, some incrustations on obv.

Pick writes: "with grain-ears and sceptre stg.". But the rev. of his coin was so worn, that he takes the legends from an ex. from the coll. of Mandl.

Interesting: This is the only coin of Elagabal from Nikopolis with Demeter!
Jochen
nikopolis_gordianIII_AMNG2048.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 36. Gordian III, HrHJ (2018) 8.36.05.01 (plate coin)33 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 29, 9.6g, 28.65mm, 180°
struck under governor Sabinius Modestus
obv. AVT.K.M.ANTW.GORDIANOC. AVG (AVG ligate)
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. VP CAB MODECTOV NI - KOPOLEITWN PR / OCIC in r. field (WN and PR ligate)
Demeter, in long garment, puff of garment over r. arm, stg. facing, head l., holding grain-ears and poppy in outstretched r. hand and long flaming torch in l. hand.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 2048 (2 ex., Athens, Vienna)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4134
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.36.5.1 (plate coin)
about VF, interesting traces of smoothing actions on rev.

Nice depiction of the torch!
Jochen
nikopolis_gordianIII_AMNG2047(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 36. Gordian III, HrHJ (2018) 8.36.05.02 (plate coin)51 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 27, 10.00g, 26.61mm, 180°
struck under governor Sabinius Modestus
obv. AVT K M ANT G - ORDIANOC AVG
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. VP CAB MODECTOV NIKOP - OLEITWN PROC IC (WN and PR ligate)
on r. field one below the other T/R/O/N
Demeter in long chiton and palla, stg. facing, head l., holding long torch in
raised l. hand and grain-ears and poppy in r. hand
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 2047 (depiction)
AMNG I/1, 2051 var. (legend, but different legend break)
obv. AMNG I/1, 2047
b) cf. Varbanov (engl.) 4186
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.36.5.2 (plate coin)
scarce, EF, nice style

A beautiful Demeter depiction, look e.g. at the torch!
1 commentsJochen
nikopolis_gordianIII_AMNG2047.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 36. Gordian III, HrHJ (2018) 8.36.05.0382 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 29, 12.30g, 28.79mm, 180°
struck under governor Sabinius Modestus
obv. AVT K M ANT G - ORDIANOC AVG
bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. VP CAB MODECTOV NI - KOP - OLEITWN POC (sic!) ICTR (WN ligate)
Demeter, stg. l., holding 2 corn-ears and a poppy-head in her outstretched r. hand, leaning
with l. hand on lighted torch.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 2047 (3 ex., Athens, Wien, Welzl)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4186 corr. (rev. same die, writes in error ICTRON)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.36.5.3 (same dies)
VF, dark green patina

POC may be a ligate PR?
1 commentsJochen
odessos_gordianIII_moushmov1659.jpg
Moesia inferior, Odessos, Gordian III, AMNG 233753 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 27, 11.31g
obv. AVT KM ANT GORDIANOC / AVG
confronted busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassed, laureate, l., and
the Great God of Odessos, wearing Kalathos and with Cornucopiae over l. shoulder,
draped, r.
rev. OD - HCC - EITWN
Demeter, veiled, Peplos over long Chiton, standing l., holding poppy and corn-ear in
extended r. hand and leaning with l. hand on torch (or sceptre?).
E in r. field (for Pentassarion)
AMNG I/2, 2337; Moushmov 1659
VF, olive-green patina
(thanks Steve Minnoch for attribution)
Jochen
Gordianus_III_6.jpg
Moesia Inferior, Odessos, Gordianus III, Demeter, Darzalas19 viewsGordianus III
Moesia Inferior, Odessos
Æ Pentassarion
Obv.: AYT K M ANTΩNIOC ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian left and draped bust of Darzalas with cornucopia right, vis-à-vis.
Rev: OΔΗCCEITΩN, Demeter, standing l., holding poppy and corn-ear in extended r. hand and leaning with l. hand on torch. Inverted E in r. field
AE, 12.57g, 27x27.5mm
Ref.: Varbanov 4481
Ex Münzhandlung Ritter

shanxi
tomis_AMNG2514.jpg
Moesia inferior, Tomis, pseudo-autonomous AMNG 251441 viewsAE 17, 3.16g
struck 1st-2nd century AD
obv. (anepigraphic)
Female head, draped and diademed, with bun and small mural crown, r.
rev. TO / MI
Lion seated r., left fore paw raised, mouth opened, tongue outstretched
in the upper field + (cross).
AMNG 2514 (2 ex.)
very rare, about VF, brown patina

Regling (AMNG): The obv. portrait probably pointing to Demeter
Jochen
tomis_AMNG2548var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Tomis, pseudo-autonomous AMNG 2548 var.27 viewsAE 16, 2.66g
struck 1st-2nd century AD
obv. TOMOV - HRWC
Bust of Tomos , draped and with hair-band, r.
rev. TOM - ITWN
Demeter, with double chiton and veil-like plaid over back of the head, stg. l.,
holding grain-ears in lowered r. hand and sceptre in raised l. hand.
AMNG 2548 var. (HRWOC and different break T -OMI - TWN)
rare, about VF, green patina
Jochen
tomislion.jpg
Moesia inferior, Tomis. Pseudo-autonomous Æ16. Lion seated right81 viewsMoesia inferior, Tomis. 1st-2nd Century AD. Pseudo-autonomous Æ16mm. Anepigraphic turreted and draped and diademed female bust right, Demeter? / Lion seated right, raising forepaw; + above. AMNG I 2514; SNG Budapest -.

AE 17, 3.16g
struck 1st-2nd century AD
obv. ()
Female head, draped , with bun and small mural crown, r.
rev. TO / MI
Lion seated r., left fore paw raised, mouth opened, tongue outstretched
in the upper field + (cross).
AMNG 2514 (2 ex.)
very rare, about VF, brown patina

Regling (AMNG): The obv. portrait probably pointing to Demeter
ancientone
maroneia_copy.jpg
MOESIA, Dionysopolis28 viewsMOESIA, Dionysopolis. 3rd century BC. Æ 24mm. Veiled and draped bust of Demeter right; c/m: male head right within circular incuse / Demeter seated left, holding patera. SNG BM Black Sea 217.Molinari
072_Gordianus-III_(238-244_A_D_)_AE-27_AVT-K-_-___-W-________C-(_V_)_V_-CAB-MO_ECTOV-NI-KO_O_EIT(_N)-(_P)_O-C-I-C_Nicop-ad-Istr_HHJ-08_36_5_1-Q-1-s.jpg
Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 072 Gordianus-III (238-244 A.D.), HrHJ (2012) 08.36.05.01, AE-27, VΠ CAB MOΔECTOV NIKOΠOΛEIT(ΩN) (ΠP) O/C/I/C, Demeter standing frontal,90 viewsMoesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 072 Gordianus-III (238-244 A.D.), HrHJ (2012) 08.36.05.01, AE-27, VΠ CAB MOΔECTOV NIKOΠOΛEIT(ΩN) (ΠP) O/C/I/C, Demeter standing frontal,
avers:- AVT-K-Μ-ΑΝΤ-W-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC-(ΑVΓ), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear.
revers:- VΠ-CAB-MOΔECTOV-NI-KOΠOΛEIT(ΩN)-(ΠP)_O-C-I-C, Demeter standing frontal, head left, resting with raised left hand on long burning torch and holding in right hand grain-ears.
exe: -/O/C/I/C//--, diameter: 27mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, Sabinius Modestus 241-244 A.D., date: 241-244 A.D., ref: HrHJ (2012) 08.36.05.01,
Q-001
quadrans
58.jpg
moushmov67012 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: Demeter standing left holding corn ears and staff. E in right field
26mm 9.70 gms

Moushmov 670, Varbanov 1682
Charles M
1417_Nerva_Perinthos.jpg
Nerva - Perinthos10 viewsstruck under Trajan
98-102 AD
radiate head right
NEPOVAN ΘEON ΣEBAΣTO
veiled Demeter? standing left, holding grain ears and scepter
ΠEP_IN_ΘIΩN
Schönert S. 143 und Taf. 15, 317; Lanz 106 (2001), 365.
10,4g 24mm
ex Aurea
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Archer.jpg
Olbia, Sarmatia10 viewsChalk of Olbia, Sarmatia. 200-150 BCE (?)

Turreted and wreathed head of Demeter or Tyche left / (Scythan) Archer kneeling left and drawing bow. Legend (right): OΛBIO.

AE 12mm, 1.45 grammes
Believed to be SNG XI # 405; Netsjitailo # 157.
Belisarius
Olbia.JPG
Olbia, Sarmatia10 viewsOlbia, Sarmatia. 2nd Century BCE.

Demeter bust to right/Eagle on dolphin to right.

18mm, 2.80g. SNG XI # 425 Netsjitailo # 94.
Belisarius
OLBIA_DEMETER_DIHULK.jpg
Olbia, Sarmatia21 viewsOlbia, Sarmatia. AE18. Dihulk -- Demeter right crowned with grain ears / OLBIO BSE above and beneath eagle with closed wings, standing right on dolphin which it attacks with its beak. Mionnet Supp. II, 16; Sestini 47; SNG Black Sear:-; BMC:-.dpaul7
olbia.jpg
Olbia, Sarmatia. AE1833 viewsObverse: head of Demeter right crowned with grain ears.
Reverse: OΛBIO, BSE in ex., eagle with closed wings standing on dolphin.
Mionnet Supp. II, 16; Sestini 47.
ancientone
Faustina_II_pompeiopolis.jpg
Paphlagonia, Pompeiopolis; Demeter standing l. AE 257 viewsFaustina Junior (died 176 A.D.) Pompeiopolis, Paphlagonia, 25mm, 8.14g. CEBACTH ΦAVCTEINA, draped bust right / MHTPO ΠOM-ΠHIOΠOΛIC, Demeter standing, holding ears of corn and scepter. Righetti 195, 6. Sear 1735 var (slightly different inscriptions).Podiceps
Pautalia_APius_demeter_Ruzicka_2.JPG
Pautalia Antoninus Pius Pompeius Vopiscus30 viewsAE 30

L. or A. Pompeius Vopiscus(under Pius)

Obv: AVT KAI T ] AI AΔPI | ANT[ΩNINOC
Laureate head right

Rev: HΓEM ΠOM |ΠEIOV O | ΠE[ICKOV]
Ex: ΠAVTAΛIΩTΩN

Demeter standing in slow biga right holding a long torch in each hand

BMC -; Mionnet Supp. II -; Ruzicka p. 41 #2 depicted Tafel II #6 ; Varbanov (E)II p.376 #4387 (depicted)
acsearch.info-; cngcoins.com-; wildwinds.com-; RPC online Antonine -
rennrad12020
Pella~0.JPG
Pella, Macedon30 views187-131 BC
AE 18 (18mm, 6.24g)
O: Veiled head of Demeter facing.
R: Cow grazing right, monograms above and below; ΠEΛΛΗΣ in ex.
SNG ANS 572; SNG Cop 257; BMC Macedonia 92, 29
ex Gitbud & Naumann
Enodia
Pella.JPG
Pella, Macedon10 views187-131 BC
AE 18 (18mm, 6.24g)
O: Veiled head of Demeter facing.
R: Cow grazing right, monograms above and below; ΠEΛΛΗΣ in ex.
SNG ANS 572; SNG Cop 257; BMC Macedonia 92, 29
ex Gitbud & Naumann
Enodia
Pergamonacrop.jpg
Pergamon54 viewsThe oldest section of Pergamon, the acropolis or upper city, sits on an impressive steep ridge between two tributaries of the Caicus river. The ridge is naturally fortified on all but the S side which slopes down to the Caicus valley floor. The Caicus valley provides access from Pergamon to the Aegean coast and the port town of Elaea in the W and the Persian Royal Road to the E.

The upper city, which was fortified in the 4th or 3rd century B.C. contains the 3rd century Sanctuary of Athena, the oldest cult center of the city as well as palace quarters, barracks, and arsenals. In the 2nd century B.C. the 10,000 seat theater, the library adjacent to the Sanctuary of Athena, and the Great Altar of Zeus and Athena were added. In the 2nd century A.D. the monumental Trajaneum was erected on what must have been an earlier unknown cult center. From the upper agora a paved main street leads S and downslope to the middle city.

The city of Pergamon began to extend down the S slope in the 3rd century B.C. and during the 2nd century a massive building program completely transformed the entire lower slope. The major construction in the area was the gigantic gymnasium complex which extended down three large terraces linked by vaulted stairways and passages. The complex encorporated three open training courts, a covered track or xystus, a small theater or odeum, several shrines, and two large baths. Other major sections of the middle city included the Sanctuary of Demeter and Kore and, below the gymnasium along the main street leading to the Eumenes' Gate, the lower agora. North and E of the gymnasium massive terraces support the streets and houses of the residential quarter. In the first half of the 2nd century B.C. Eumenes II strengthened the entire fortification system of Pergamon and enclosed all of the middle city, which extended almost to the base of the south slope, within the new walls.

During the Roman Imperial period the city continued to expand southward and spread over the plain and the area occuppied by modern Bergama. The large Sanctuary of the Egyptian Gods (the "Kizil Avlu"), numerous bridges, and remains of the Roman stadium, theater, and amphitheater remain visible today.

Pergamon emerged as a power during the struggle for territorial control following the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. By the middle of the 3rd century Pergamon had been established as an independent state under the leadership of the Attalid dynasty. The power of the Attalids and the city grew as a result of successful battles against the Gauls of central Anatolia and careful political alliances with Rome.

The peak period of Pergamene power and achievement was reached during the reign of Eumenes II (197-159 B.C.). The kingdom had grown to include most of western Anatolia and was rich in agriculture and industry. Noted industrial exports included textiles, fine pottery, and "Pergamene paper" or parchment. The last industry developed when Ptolemy, reportedly jealous of the growing fame of the library in Pergamon, prohibited the export of papyrus from Egypt. Eumenes II enlarged the city of Pergamon to include all of the southern slope and enclosed the city with a new and stronger fortification wall. In addition to the major new constructions in the lower city Eumenes also commissioned the Great Altar of Zeus and Athena, the theater, and the new library in the upper city.

In the 2nd century B.C. Pergamon rivalled Athens and Alexandria as centers of Hellenic culture. The city possessed one of the greatest libraries of antiquity, monumental gymnasia, and numerous religious sanctuaries, including the Asklepion outside the city walls. Pergamon was a haven for noted philosophers and artists and was the center of a major movement in Hellenistic sculpture. The Attalids supported the arts and learning in Pergamon and elsewhere and made major donations, such as the Stoa of Attalos II in Athens.

The last Attalid ruler, Attalos III, bequeathed the kingdom of Pergamon to Rome in 133 B.C. During Roman rule the prosperity of Pergamon continued and the city had a period of commercial expansion. The city itself expanded to the plain S and W of the acropolis across the flat land now occuppied by modern Bergama.

See: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/siteindex?lookup=Pergamon

Cleisthenes
Copy_of_Perinthos_Demeter.JPG
Perinthos, Thrace19 viewsPseudo-autonomous
Circa 3rd century AD
AE26 (6.56g)
O: Veiled bust of Demeter right, gazing at poppy in hand.
R: Artemis Tauropolis (Hekate?) advancing right, holding two torches; ΠEPINTIΩN, ΔIΣNEΩKOPON around.
Moushmov 4386v
ex Civitas Galleries
Enodia
Perinthos_Demeter.JPG
Perinthos, Thrace 38 viewsPseudo-autonomous
Circa 3rd century AD
AE26 (6.56g)
O: Veiled bust of Demeter right, gazing at poppy in hand.
R: Artemis Tauropolis (Hekate?) advancing right, holding two torches; ΠEPINTIΩN, ΔIΣNEΩKOPON around.
Moushmov 4386v
ex Civitas Galleries

"At the heart of all great art is an essential meloncholy"
~ Federico Garcia Lorca

"But when the tenth enlightening dawn had come, Hekate, with torches in her hands, met her, and spoke to her and told her news: "Queenly Demeter, bringer of seasons and giver of good gifts, what god of heaven or what mortal man has rapt away Persephone and pierced with sorrow your dear heart? For I heard her voice, yet saw not with my eyes who it was. But I tell you truly and shortly all I know."
So, then, said Hekate."
~ Homeric Hymn to Demeter
Enodia
Pherai.jpg
Pherai, Thessaly34 views404-369 BC
AE 13 (13.4mm, 1.85g)
O: Wreathed head of Hekate left, wearing triangular pendant earring.
R: Lion head fountain right, spouting water; ΦEPAIOYN around to right.
Rogers 516; BCD Thessaly II 691.2
ex Savoca Coin

"Tender-hearted Hekate, bright coiffed, the daughter of Persaios."
~ Homeric Hymn to Demeter (2)
3 commentsEnodia
Philip_I_AE28_of_Bizya,_Thrace_.jpg
Philip I, the Arab; 244-249 AD. AE28 of Bizya, Thrace.28 viewsAVT K M IOUL FILIPPOC AUG Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
BIZUHNWN, Demeter seated left, holding corn-ears and torch
29mm.,13,06g, Moushmov 3495; Varbanov 1532; Jurukova 76. _7426
Antonivs Protti
080-3-horz.jpg
Philip II, Moesia Inferior, Tomis, AE2826 viewsAD 247 – 249
12.28 grams
Obv. ΜΑΡΙΟΣΛΙΟC ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟC ΚΑΙCΑΡ, Draped bust of Philip facing draped bust of Serapis
Rev. ΜΗΤΡΟΠΠΟΝΤΟΥ ΤΟΜΕΩС, Demeter standing left with grain ears & torch.
Varbanov 5808
Purchase on eBay
NGC AU - Strike 4/5 - Surface 5/5
Richard M10
27.jpg
PHILIP SENIOR 244-249 A.D. AE 28 ROS-10251 viewsPHILIP SENIOR 244-249 A.D. AE 28 ROS-102
O:bust r, radiate draped
R:eagle displayed supporting a wreath containing 3 figures in centre ,city-goddest standing l hand on standard .
Demeter standing r hand resting on sceptre ortorch on r agod nude standing r.
Maritima
Pseudo_autonomous_Flavia-Grimenothyrai_Artemis_Demeter_AE18_3_4g.jpg
Phrygia, Flavia-Grimenothyrai, Artemis / Demeter, AE1862 viewsTime of Trajan, AD 98-117
18mm, 3.4g
obv: EΠI Λ TYΛΛI; draped bust of Artemis right (with bow and quiver)
rev: ΓPIMENOΘYPEΩN; Demeter standing left, holding ears of wheat and scepter
von Aulock Phrygien II, p.79, #370, SNG von Aulock -; SNG Copenhagen -

From the D. Alighieri Collection, CNG E-Auction 206, Lot 266
2 commentsareich
hierapolis_pseudo-autonomous_Eubosia.jpg
Phrygia, Hierapolis, pseudo-autonomous, Demeter Euposia, unpublished12 viewsHierapolis, pseudo-autonomous, 3rd century AD
AE 27, 11.92g, 27.07mm, 180°
obv. IERAPOLEI - TWN (from upper r.)
Head of Dionysos wreathed with ivy, r.
rev. EVBO - CIA
Demeter Euposia, in long garment and mantle, stg. frontal, head l., holding in extended r. hand 2 grain ears and in l.
arm cornucopiae on which Ploutos is seated and stretching arms to her.
ref. a) cf. Künker Auc. 193, (9/2011), Lot 263 (asiaminorcoins #10460)
b) Numismatik Naumann Auction 44, Juni 2016, Lot 693 (same dies) (Wildwinds)
unpublished in greater works!
very rare, F+/VF, green brown Patina
Pedigree:
ex Bertolami Fine Arts E-Auction 49, 12.11.2017, Lot 484 (wrong reference!)

The depiction as Tyche Euposia with rudder is more frequent. But here with grain ears it is Demeter Euposia! About 10 years I have searched for this type and now I could acquire one for an affordable price.




2 commentsJochen
Phrygia_Hyrgaleis_Demos_Demeter_AE28_12_44g.jpg
Phrygia, Hyrgaleis, Demos / Demeter, AE2840 views28mm, 12.44g
obv: ΔHMOC; bare-headed youthful Demos right
rev: YP - ΓAΛE - ΩN, date (year 306=222AD); Demeter standing left, holding grain ears and torch
Von Aulock, Phrygiens 341 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen -; SNG München -; SNG von Aulock -; BMC 5

From the J.P. Righetti Collection, 8516
3 commentsareich
h_030.jpg
Price 135629 viewsAlexander III the great
Drachm
Lampsacus 328-323 BC

Obverse:Head of Alexander the great as Herakles wearing lion's skin
Reverse:ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ ;Zeus Aetophoros on throne ;Demeter facing with two torches at left field;Monogram under throne

17.01mm 4.14gm
maik
Antoninus Alexandria.jpg
Provincial Alexandria - Antoninus Pius - AE Drachme145 viewsÆ-Drachme, Alexandria (Aegyptus);

Dattari 2862 and 8723 is this same rev. type for Ant. Pius, LKB = Year 22 = 158/9 AD.
Diameter: 32 mm
Weight: 21 g
Obv.: AVT K TPAIAN AEL ANTWNINOC CE; laureate-headed bust of Antoninus Pius wearing cuirass and paludamentum, r.
Rev.: Sarapis seated, l., holding sceptre; at his feet, Cerberus; to l., Demeter standing, r., holding torch; to r., Tyche holding rudder and cornucopia; all wearing kalathos, all on galley with oars

"Definitely a rare type. Not in the rich Cologne collection for Ant. Pius, and Dattari, in the best collection of Alexandrian coins ever assembled, had only two worn specimens." Curtislclay.
2 commentsTanit
ptolemy_V_libya.jpg
Ptolemy V Epiphanes, Cyrene, Bust of Libya; Svoronos 87114 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom. Ptolemy V Epiphanes. 205-180 B.C. 21mm. Cyrene. Diademed bust of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis / Diademed bust of Libya right; before, cornucopia. SNG Copenhagen 442-445; Svoronos 871; Buttrey, Demeter Sanctuary 268-74. Podiceps
r1300_w_s.jpg
r1300_266 viewsAe 28 (tetrassarion)
Obv. Laur, dr + cuir bust r., IMP L SEP - SEV[...] round.
Rev. Demeter (Josifovski calls the deity Victory) stg facing, wearing radiate crown, long torch in r hand, round the bottom of which twines a snake, cornucopia in l arm, MVNICI - STOBEN round.
Moush. ---- (but see Moush. 6558 for rev type).
Josifovski 142 (V28, R28), citing one specimen in a private collection.
11.82 gm, 28 mm
2 commentsManzikert
Julia_Domna,_Augusta_194_-_8_April_217_A_D_.jpg
Roman Empire , empress Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D. (Wife of emperor Septimius Severus , mother of emperor Caracalla and co-emperor Geta.)92 viewsSilver Denarius, RIC IV S546, RSC III 14, BMCRE V S10, SRCV II 6576, Choice VF, excellent portrait, well centered, 3.253 gr, 18.9 mm , 0o, Rome mint, struck in year 200 A.D.
Obverse : IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right.
Reverse : CERERI FRVGIF, Ceres seated left, heads of grain in right hand, long torch behind in left hand.
Scarce.
Gorgeous portrait.

The most powerful woman in Roman Empire history.

FORVM Ancient Coins/ The Sam Mansourati Collection / Given as a Christmas present to a superb dear friend.

*Ceres a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships, was listed among the Di Consentes, Rome's equivalent to the Twelve Olympians of Greek mythology. The Romans saw her as the counterpart of the Greek goddess Demeter, whose mythology was reinterpreted for Ceres in Roman art and literature.

***Julia Domna was the second wife of Septimius Severus and mother of Caracalla and Geta. An intelligent, talented and beautiful woman, Julia Domna exercised great influence during her husband's reign and practically administered the empire for her sons. In 217 A.D. after the assassination of Caracalla, she possibly committed suicide by starvation or she died of breast cancer.
3 commentsSam
elegabulus demeter.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - ELAGABALUS18 viewsELAGABULUS Moushmov 622 Demeter covered with a veil, standing, holding corn-ears and scepter or torch. Plate VII 23. Obv.: AVT K M AVP ANTWNEINOC. Rev.: I believe it is VP IOVL ANT CELEYKOY MAPKIANOPOLITWN.dpaul7
Antoninus Alexandria~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Antoninus Pius, Alexandria, Drachm475 viewsÆ-Drachme, Alexandria (Aegyptus);

Dattari 2862 and 8723 is this same rev. type for Ant. Pius, LKB = Year 22 = 158/9 AD.
Diameter: 32 mm
Weight: 21 g
Obv.: AVT K TPAIAN AEL ANTWNINOC CE; laureate-headed bust of Antoninus Pius wearing cuirass and paludamentum, r.
Rev.: Sarapis seated, l., holding sceptre; at his feet, Cerberus; to l., Demeter standing, r., holding torch; to r., Tyche holding rudder and cornucopia; all wearing kalathos, all on galley with oars

"Definitely a rare type. Not in the rich Cologne collection for Ant. Pius, and Dattari, in the best collection of Alexandrian coins ever assembled, had only two worn specimens." Curtislclay.
6 commentsTanit
moneta 574.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Commodus, Dionysopolis, AE2147 viewsobv: Laureate bust right
rev: Demeter standing facing, head left, holding torch in right hand, grain ears in left
Struck 175 -192 A.D. in Dionysopolis
Jericho
moneta 498b bk.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Elagabalus, Markianopolis, AE2642 viewsAE26. 9.5gms.
obv: Laureate bust right
rev: Demeter standing left, holding corn-ears and cornucopiae.
Struck 218-222 A.D. under Legate Julius Antonius Seleucus
Moushmov 621
1 commentsJericho
moneta 378c.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Julia Domna, Odessos, AE2361 viewsobv: Draped bust right.
rev: Demeter & Peresphone facing each other, Demeter left holding long torch, extending hand to Peresphone, holding two corn ears and torch.
Struck 193-211 A.D. at Odessos
Jericho
moneta 340 smaller.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Maximinus I, Anchialus, AE2539 viewsobv: Laureate head right
rev: Demeter seated on basket holding wheat ears and torch.
"Strack 596. (AMNG Band II/1)" Varbanov 920-1. Moushmov 2892.
Jericho
080-3-horz~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Philip II, Moesia Inferior, Tomis, AE2890 viewsAD 247 – 249
12.28 grams
Obv. ΜΑΡΙΟΣΛΙΟC ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟC ΚΑΙCΑΡ, Draped bust of Philip facing draped bust of Serapis
Rev. ΜHΤΡΟΠΟΝΤOY ΤΟΜEWΝ, Demeter standing left with grain ears & torch.
Varbanov 5808
1 commentsRichard M10
serdika_18_caracalla_HrJ12_18_05_13+.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Thracia, Serdika, Caracalla, Hristova/Jekov 12.18.5.13 (plate coin)71 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 28, 17.65g, 28.39mm, 210°
obv. [AVT KM] AVR CEV - ANTWNEINOC
Bust, draped(?) and cuirassed with scale armor,
laureate, r.
rev. OVLPIAC - CERDIKHC
Demeter, in long double chiton, chlamys over shoulders, veiled, stg. frontal, head l. holding in outstretched
r. hand three grain-ears and resting with l. hand on long flaming torch.
ref. Ruzicka 141 (3 ex., Berlin, München, Sofia); Hristova/Jekov No.12.18.5.13 (this coin!); Varbanov (engl.)
2247 (same dies)
about VF
Jochen
roman_syracuse_demeter.jpg
Roman Rule, AE 20; Kore/ Demeter8 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Roman Rule, c. 212 - 133 B.C. Bronze AE 20, Calciati II 231, SNG Cop 911, SNG ANS 1092, F, green patina, Syracuse mint, 8.661g, 21.5mm, 0o, obverse head of Kore right, wreathed in stalks of grain; reverse “SURAKOSIWN”, Demeter standing left, torch in right, scepter in left. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Faustina_II_R690_fac.jpg
RPC - Thrace, Augusta Traiana, Faustina II, Demeter27 viewsFaustina Junior
Thrace, Augusta Traiana
AE25
Obv.: ΦΑVСΤΕΙΝΑ СΕΒΑСΤΗ, draped bust of Faustina II right.
Rev.: ΑVΓΟVСΤΗС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΗС, veiled Demeter standing, facing, head, l., holding two ears of corn and long torch
Ae, 7.87g, 25 mm
Ref.: RPC Vol. 4, № 9375 (temporary)
1 commentsshanxi
Faustina_II_26.jpg
RPC - Thrace, Philippopolis, Faustina II, Demeter22 viewsFaustina Junior
Thrace, Philippopolis
Obv: ΦΑΥCTEINA CEBACTH, Draped bust right.
Rev: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΠΟΛΕΙTΩΝ, Demeter standing left, holding two grain ears and long torch.
AE, 12.93g, 25.6mm
Ref.: Mouchmov, Philip. 133, 139-40 and 142
Ex Pecunem 33, Lot 292
2 commentsshanxi
RPC_II_678_Domitianus.jpg
RPC II 0678 Domitianus17 viewsObv: AYT ΔOMITIANΩΣ KAICAP ΣEBA ΓEPM - Laureate head of Domitian right
Rev: ΣEBASTE OMONOIA - Demeter, veiled, standing left, holding corn-ears and sceptre
mm 33,67 g 25,47 die axis 6 - Struck in Prusias ad Hypium (Bithynia)
RPC II 678
From CNG Electronic Sale 240 lot 291 (From the J.S. Wagner Collection)
FlaviusDomitianus
RPC_II_681_Domitianus.jpg
RPC II 0681 Domitianus13 viewsObv: AYTO ΔOMITIANΩΣ KAICAP ΣEBA ΓEPM - Laureate head of Domitian right
Rev: ΣEBASTE OMONOIA - Demeter, veiled, standing left, holding corn-ears and sceptre
mm 27,78 g 13,04 die axis 6 - Struck in Prusias ad Hypium (Bithynia)
RPC II 681
FlaviusDomitianus
RPC_II_1415B_Domitianus.jpg
RPC II 1415B Domitianus30 viewsObv: YT ΔΟΜΙΤΙANOΣ KAIΣAP ΣEB ΓEP. Laureate head right
Rev : ΔHMHTHP ΣEBAΣTH / MI-ΔA (across field), Demeter, veiled, standing facing, head left, holding grain ears and sceptre
AE33 (33.24 mm 23.45 g 6h) Struck in Midaeum (Phrygia)
Unpublished, same denomination and obverse of RPC 1415 and 1415A (S2 supplement), but different reverse
ex CNG eAuction 347 lot 370 From the Dr. George Spradling Collection
FlaviusDomitianus
RPC_II_2596_Domitianus.jpg
RPC II 2596 Domitianus34 viewsObv: AYT KAICAP ΔOMIT CEB ΓEΡΜ, Laureate head of Domitian right, with aegis
Rev: L IA, Demeter standing right, holding torch and corn-ears
AE/Hemidrachm (29.61 mm 16.319 g 12h) Struck in Alexandria (Egypt) 9-92 A.D.
RPC II 2596, Dattari-Savio 477 (this coin), SNG France 4 927
from the G. Dattari collection
ex Naville Numismatics Live Auction 28 lot 317
3 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RPC_II_2601_var_Domitianus.jpg
RPC II 2601A Domitianus34 viewsObv: AYT KAICAP ΔOMIT CEB ΓEΡΜ, Head of Domitian wreathed with grain, right, aegis by neck
Rev: L IA, Demeter standing left, holding torch and corn-ears
AE/Hemidrachm (29.15 mm 11.748 gr 12h) Struck in Alexandria (Egypt) 91-92 A.D.
RPC II 2601 (variant: portrait type is Ed3 not E)
Purchased from Dionysos Numismatik on eBay
4 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RPC_II_2601var_Domitianus.jpg
RPC II 2601B Domitianus20 viewsObv: AYT KAICAP ΔOMIT CEB ΓEΡΜ, Laureate head of Domitian, left
Rev: L IA, Demeter standing left, holding torch and corn-ears
AE/Hemidrachm (29.23 mm 14.705 g 12h) Struck in Alexandria (Egypt) 91-92 A.D.
RPC II (unpublished, same reverse as 2601 but head left), Dattari Savio 482 (this coin)
from the Dattari Collection
ex Naville Numismatics Live Auction 26 lot 134
FlaviusDomitianus
PlotinaPerinth.JPG
Sabina, AE 2247 viewsCABEINA CEBACTH
Bust draped, right.
PERIN/ThIWN
Demeter standing left, holding corn stalks and torch.
Varbanov (Eng.) III, 94
Schonert 381
whitetd49
coins276.JPG
Selinus,Cilicia, Maximus. Caesar16 viewsobv:
rev: TRAIANO SELINOYSIÔ
Demeter(?) and Kore(?) veiled
SNG Levante
ecoli
r1300_w.jpg
Septimius Severus101 viewsAe 28 (tetrassarion)
Obv. Laur, dr + cuir bust r., IMP L SEP - SEV[...] round.
Rev. Demeter stg facing, wearing radiate crown, long torch in r hand, round the bottom of which twine two snakes, cornucopia in l arm, MVNICI - STOBEN round.
Moush. ---- (but see Moush. 6558 for rev type).
Josifovski 142 (V28, R28), citing one specimen in a private collection.
11.82 gm, 28 mm
7 commentsManzikert
Septimius_Severus_Demeter_wTorch~0.JPG
Septimius Severus Demeter wTorch16 viewsWildwinds:
Moushmov 1008 Nicopolis ad Istrum. Septimius Severus Æ 18-20 (Assarion). AV KAI CEVHPO, laureate bust right / NIKOPOLIT PPOCICT,
Hera standing left, holding long torch and patera.
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
Nikopolis ad Istrum was a Roman town founded by the Emperor Trajan after victory over the Dacis tribe. It grew vigorously under the emperors
Constantine I and Justinian I. Destroyed in the 7th century AD by the Slavs
It's Varbanov (engl.) I, 2383, rated R4 (from 10) = from 200 to 500 ex., FWIW
18.2g, 3.01g, Moushmov 1008, H/J 8.14.5.5
This is probably Demeter with torch.

EX: Forvm Ancient Coins
Romanorvm
ssnicathOR.jpg
Septimius Severus, RecGen 323 16 viewsNicaea, Bithynia mint, Septimius Severus 193-202 A.D. AE, 27mm 11.44g, RecGen 323 (or similar)
O: AVT K Λ CEΠTI CEVHPOC Π (or similar), laureate bust right
R: NIKAIEΩN, Demeter standing l., holding long sceptre and corn
casata137ec
2011-01-08_jan2010.jpg
Septimius Severus, Stobi61 viewsIMP L SEP - SEVERVS
Laureate draped bust right

MVNICI - STOBEN
Victory standing facing, head right, wearing radiate crown, holding long torch
entwined with serpent (Demeter) in right hand, and cornucopia (Tyche/Fortuna) in left hand.

Ae 28mm; 13.91g
Josifovski 142 (V28, R28); Kuzmanovic 262 - Nominal III
arizonarobin
mensicOR.jpg
Sicily, Menaeum, BMC Sicily pg. 98, 7 17 viewsSicily, Menaeum mint, After 210 B.C. AE, 17mm 3.85g, BMC Sicily pg. 98, 7
O: Bust of Demeter r., wearing necklace, wreath of corn, and veil
R: MENA-INΩN, two crossed torches, beneath, triangle (without standard mark of value)
casata137ec
sngcop911OR.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, SNG Cop 91152 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Roman Rule, c. 212 - 133 BC, 22mm 8.09g, SNG Cop 911,
O: head of Persephone right;
R: ΣYRAKOΣIΩN, Demeter standing left, torch in right, scepter in left
casata137ec
sidon_demeter.jpg
Sidon, AE16; Demeter / Ear of corn, ΔΙ = year 147 viewsPHOENICIA, SIDON; 1st cent. B.C. Æ 16, 3.1g. Obv. Veiled head of Demeter right. ΣΙΔ ΙΕΡΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΑΣΙΛΟΥ, Ear of corn, ΔΙ = year 14 = 75/6 B.C. Podiceps
IMG_0589.JPG
Skarpheia, Loris11 viewsLOKRIS, Skarpheia. Circa 400-338 BC. Æ (16mm, 3.59 g, 12h). Head of Demeter right / Ajax advancing right, with shield and sword. BCD Lokris-Phokis 159.4; SNG Copenhagen 81.
ecoli
HADRIAN~0.JPG
Struck A.D.136 - 137. HADRIAN. AR (Billon) Tetradrachm of Alexandria.16 viewsObverse: AVT KAIC TPA AΔPIANOC CEB. Laureate head of Hadrian facing left.
Reverse: No legend. Demeter, wearing long chiton, standing facing left, holding poppies and grain ears in her right hand and long torch in her left. In field, L K A (= regnal year 21 = A.D.136-137).
Diameter: 24mm | Weight: 12.1gms | Die Axis: 12
Milne : 1518 | Emmett : 832 (var) | Dattari : 1336 | Geissen : 1210
Ex Zurqieh (Dubai)
RARE
1 comments*Alex
DIV-FAUST1_CERES.JPG
Struck A.D.141 or shortly after under Antoninus Pius. DIVA FAUSTINA SENIOR. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome8 viewsObverse: DIVA FAVSTINA. Draped bust of Faustina, hair waved and coiled on top of her head, facing right.
Reverse: CERES. Ceres standing facing left, holding corn-ears and torch.
Diameter: 17mm | Weight: 3.3gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC III : 378

Ceres was the Roman goddess of agriculture; equivalent to the Greek goddess Demeter.

EVENTS OCCURRING AT THE TIME THIS COIN WAS STRUCK
The Temple now known as that of Antoninus and Faustina was constructed in Rome in A.D.141. The temple was initially dedicated to Faustina the Elder but was rededicated to Antoninus and Faustina after the emperor's death.
*Alex
Persephone_tetradrachm.JPG
Syracuse, Reign of Agathokles96 views317-289 BC
AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.14g)
O: Wreathed head of Kore (Persephone) right, wearing pendant earring and necklace; KOPAΣ behind.
R: Nike standing right, hammer in right hand, erecting trophy; triskeles to lower left, [ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΙΟΣ] behind, all within dotted border.
Struck between 313–295 BC.
HGC 2, 1536; SNG ANS 670-76; SNG Cop 766ff; Sear 972v; BMC 388v
ex Museum Surplus

“Kore, the Girl, is so intimately associated with her mother Demeter that they are often referred to simply as the Two Goddesses or even as Demeteres. Kore’s own enigmatic name is Persephone, or Phersephone, and in Attic Pherrephatta. In Homer she is mentioned alone and also in conjunction with her husband, Hades-Aidoneus, the personification of the underworld; her Homeric epithets are venerable, agaue, and awesome, epaine. Her two aspects, girl-like daughter of the Corn Goddess and Mistress of the Dead, are linked in the myth which, though ignored in heroic epic, is responsible almost exclusively for defining the picture of Demeter. The earliest extended version is the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, but Hesiod already alludes to it in the Theogony as an ancient and well known story, and aspects of the later tradition seem to preserve very ancient material.”
~ Walter Burkert (Greek Religion, 1985)
2 commentsEnodia
Kore_A.jpg
Syracuse, Reign of Hiketas195 views287-283 BC
AE23 (23mm, 11.375g, 135o)
O: Head of Kore (Persephone) left, wreathed in grain; ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ before, pellet and stalk of grain behind.
R: Nike driving biga right, whip in right hand, reigns in left; star above, Σ in exergue.
HGC 2, 1446; Calciati II, p. 259, 123; SNG ANS 760 var. (no Σ in ex.); Sear 1209
ex Forvm Ancient Coins

“Apart from Demeter, lady of the golden sword and glorious fruits, she was playing with the deep-bosomed daughters of Oceanus and gathering flowers over a soft meadow, roses and crocuses and beautiful violets, irises also and hyacinths and the narcissus which Earth made to grow at the will of Zeus and to please the Host of Many, to be a snare for the bloom-like girl -- a marvelous, radiant flower. It was a thing of awe whether for deathless gods or mortal men to see: from its root grew a hundred blooms and it smelled most sweetly, so that all wide heaven above and the whole earth and the sea's salt swell laughed for joy. And the girl was amazed and reached out with both hands to take the lovely toy; but the wide-pathed earth yawned there in the plain of Nysa, and the lord, Host of Many, with his immortal horses sprang out upon her -- the Son of Cronos, He who has many names.”
~ The Homeric Hymn to Demeter

One of my favorite coins...
6 commentsEnodia
Syracuse.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily, under Roman rule, after 212 BC. AE20.40 viewsObv: Bust of Demeter-Core right, wearing wreath of corn-ears.
Rev: Demeter standing left, holding torch and transverse sceptre. SURAKOSIWN
SNG Cop 911
1 commentsancientone
41.jpg
SYRIA, Apamea. Autonomous21 viewsAE.

Draped bust of Demeter right / AΠAMEΩN THΣ IEPAΣ KAI AYTONO[MOY], ears of corn; EOΣ in left field. Struck 38/37 BC (year 275).

RPC I, 4355.
socalcoins
apameai_dionys_demeter.jpg
SYRIA, SELEUCIS AND PIERIA, APAMEIA19 views1st century BC.
AE 21 mm, 6.96 g
(possibly dated SE 308 (5/4 BC)
O: Wreathed head of Dionysos right
R: Demeter standing left, holding scepter; date (HT?) to inner left
SELEUKIS and PIERIA, Apameia; rare

laney
Trajan_Tabae_Demeter.jpg
Tabae, Caria, AE 2521 viewsObv: AV KA TPAIANOC API ΓЄ ΔA
Laur. r.
Rev: TABHNΩN, Demeter standing front, holding grape, ears of grain and sceptre.
25mm, 7.84g
BMC 75, Tab. XXVI, 4; SNG Leypold 856; SNG Aulock 2718, SNG Cop. 560 (no guarantee).
klausklage
Vlasto_822.JPG
Taras, Calabria53 views272-235 BC (Period VIII - The Roman Alliance I)
AR Didrachm (19mm, 6.18g, 2h).
O: Youth on horseback left, crowning horse; cornucopia in field to right, |-APEAC (magistrate) below.
R: Taras riding dolphin left, holding kantharos in extended right hand and upright trident in left; POΛY behind, ΤΑΡΑΣ below..
Vlasto 822; Evans VIII, A4; Cote 456; HN Italy 997; cf Sear 374
From the W. H. Guertin Collection; ex CNG

The symbolism of the cornucopia has many origins in ancient lore, from the story of Zeus and Amaltheia to that of Herakles and the river-god Acheloos. Dionysus is also associated with the “horn of plenty”.
All of these deities were venerated at Taras, so the appearance of the cornucopia on this coin may be connected to any of the three, although the kantharos in Taras‘ extended right hand on the reverse makes the cult of Dionysus quite compelling.
George Brauer Jr. (‘Taras: Its History and Coinage’) suggests that the cornucopia can represent “the fruits of war”, and while the city of Taras was constantly fighting one battle or another during its long history, I believe the commonly seen Nike would be a more appropriate symbol of a military victory, and the passive nature of this particular type, with Taras holding his trident in a decidedly non-threatening posture, also seems to argue against this idea. In addition the fact that the city had just been subdued by Rome would apparently put Brauer’s theory to rest, at least in this case.
Of course the answer may be as simple as a local celebration of a particularly prosperous year, or a thank you to Demeter for an abundant harvest. We may never know for certain, but this kind of speculation can be half the fun of collecting!
4 commentsEnodia
2dWMKAj95wpXR8fDeG6746WqD2b3n4A.jpg
Thebai, Thessaly34 views302-286 BC
AE 19 (19 mm, 5.53g)
O: Wreathed and veiled head of Demeter left, within dotted border.
R: Bridled horse prancing right; ΘHBAIΩN above, X below.
Rogers 552; BCD Thessaly II, 762.1-2; SNG Munchen 185
From the BCD collection; ex Aegean Numismatics
3 commentsEnodia
2dWMKAj95wpXR8fDeG6746WqD2b3n4.jpg
Thebai, Thessaly14 views302-286 BC
AE 19 (19mm, 5.53g)
O: Wreathed and veiled head of Demeter left, within dotted border.
R: Bridled horse prancing right; ΘHBAIΩN above, X below.
Rogers 552; BCD Thessaly II, 762.1-2; SNG Munchen 185
From the BCD collection; ex Aegean Numismatics

1 commentsEnodia
mess_phil_demeter.jpg
Thrace, Messembria Philippus II12 viewsThrace, Messembria. Philipp II ( 247-249). AE26, 9.60 gr. Obv. - MAR IOVLIOC FILIPPOC / KAICA / [R] - Confronted busts of Philipp II, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r., and Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, l. Rev. - MECAMBR – IANWN - Demeter, wearing high-girdled double chiton, stg. facing, head l., holding grain- ears in outstretched r. hand and long torch in l. hand. Karayotov 351; Varbanov (engl.) 4283, (bg.) 2684; Moushmov 4034 maxthrax
philippopolisCommodusDemeter.jpg
Thrace, Philippopolis. Commodus AE1986 viewsObv: AV M A AV KOMODOC. Emperor bust r.
Rev: FILIPPOPOLEITWN. Demeter, veiled, standing left holding corn-ears and torch.
ancientone
THRACE_Philippopolis_Commodus.jpg
THRACE, Philippopolis. Commodus. 177-192 AD. 56 viewsÆ 19 mm , 4.50 gr.
Obverse ; ΑΥΚ ΑΙΛ KOMOΔΟC - laureate head right.
Reverse ; ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ - Demeter, veiled, standing left holding poppy, two ears of corn and short torch

Rich beautiful emerald green patina.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
4 commentsSam
coin.JPG
Thrace, Plotinopolis, Marcus Arellius40 viewsPlotinopolis, Thrace

Diana/Demeter with torch and bow.
ecoli
sariakos.jpg
THRACE, SCYTHIAN KINGDOM-- KING SARIAKOS38 views3rd - 2nd Century BC
AE 14 X 16 mm 2.14 g
O: Veiled head of Demeter right, wearing corn wreath.
[B]AΣIΛΕ // ΣΑΡΙΑ downward to right and left of two grain-ears.
BM I Black Sea --- (3rd-2nd century BC); Canarache 39;
Moushmov 5807 (3rd-1st century BC);
Stancomb 325/326 (180-150 BC)
laney
sariakos_2_grain_ears_resb.jpg
THRACE, SCYTHIAN KINGDOM-- KING SARIAKOS19 views3rd - 2nd Century BC
AE 14 X 16 mm 2.14 g
O: Veiled head of Demeter right, wearing corn wreath.
[B]AΣIΛΕ // ΣΑΡΙΑ downward to right and left of two grain-ears.
BM I Black Sea --- (3rd-2nd century BC); Canarache 39;
Moushmov 5807 (3rd-1st century BC);
Stancomb 325/326 (180-150 BC)
laney
sestos_blk.jpg
THRACE, SESTOS30 viewsCa. 300 BC
AE 17 mm, 5.06 g
O: Head of Demeter, left
R: Hermes facing, slightly left, holding caduceus; amphora to left; grain to right. (round countermark at lower right)
Thrace, Sestos SNG Cop. 931
laney
anchialos_faustinaII_AMNG431.jpg
Thracia, Anchialos, Faustina jun., AMNG 431 var. #126 viewsFaustina jun., wife of Marcus Aurelius, AD 161-180
AE 26, 9.81g, 25.89mm, 210°
obv. FAVCTEINA - NEA CEBACTH
Bust, draped, r., hair with ribbon
rev. A[N]XIA - LEWN
Demeter, in long garment, wearing stephane and veil, std. l. on basket, holding
grain-ears in lowered r. hand and long torch in l. hand.
ref. AMNG II, 431 var. (has AGXIALEWN); Varbanov (engl.) 82 var. (has AGXIALEWN); SNG Italia VI, 350
about VF, obv. double struck
Jochen
anchialos_faustinaII_AMNG431var_.jpg
Thracia, Anchialos, Faustina jun., AMNG 431 var. #214 viewsFaustina jun., wife of Marcus Aurelius, AD 161-180
AE 25, 10.09g, 24.78mm, 180°
obv. FAVCTEINA - NEA CEBACTH
Bust, draped, r., hair with ribbon
rev. AN[XIA] - LEWN
Demeter, in long garment, wearing stephane and veil, std. l. on chair, holding
grain-ears in lowered r. hand and long torch in l. hand.
Ref. AMNG II, 431 var. (has AGXIALEWN); Varbanov (engl.) 82 var. (has AGXIALEWN); SNG Italia VI, 35
F+, dark green patina
Jochen
anchialos_gordianIII_AMNG641.jpg
Thracia, Anchialos, Gordian III, AMNG 641 var.31 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 25, 9.8g
so-called 'Dreier'
obv. AVT KM ANT GORDIANOC AVG (AVG ligate)
Bust, laureate, r.
rev. AGXIAL - EWN (WN ligate)
Demeter, richly draped and veiled, seated l. on basket, holding corn-ears (and
poppy?) in outstretched r. hand and holding long torch in raised l. hand.
AMNG II, 641 var. (3 ex., 1, 2 in Berlin, 3 in Sofia), obv. is (1) Berlin, rev. is (3) Sofia
rare, about VF
added to www.wildwinds.com

Jochen
augusta_trajana_sept_severus_moushmov3014.jpg
Thracia, Augusta Trajana, Septimius Severus, Moushmov 301442 viewsSeptimius Severus ,AD 193-211
AE 32, 12.66g
obv. AV KL CEPTI - CEVHROC P
bust, laureate, r.
rev. AVGOVCTHC - TRAIANHC (TR ligated)
Demeter, richly draped, with Kalathos, sitting on throne, r., leaning with arm
on drum set on throne, holding patera(?) in outstretched r. hand. R. before
throne lion standing l., l. behind throne lion laying l., whose head is seen.
Moushmov 3014
rare, VF/good F, blue-green patina
Jochen
deultum_philippII_Varbanov3087.jpg
Thracia, Deultum, Philipp II, Varbanov 308721 viewsPhilipp II, AD 247-249
AE 2, 6.4g
obv. M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES
Bust, draped and cuirassed, radiate, r.
rev. COL F - PA - C [DEVLT]
Female figure (Hera?), in double chiton, stg. frontal, head l., holding patera in
outstretched r. hand and burning long torch in l. hand.
Varbanov (engl.) 3087 (same rev. die)
about VF/F+, nearly black patina

Varbanov calls this figure Ceres (Demeter). But without grain-ears and without veil it should be Hera I think. Interesting depiction of the torch: the upper part looks like two torches bound together. Never seen before!
Jochen
hadrianopolis_caracalla_Jurukova278.jpg
Thracia, Hadrianopolis, Caracalla, Jurukova 27839 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 27, 12.77
obv. ANTWNEINOC AVT KM AVR CE
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, l.; holding spear
pointing l., and round shield - decorated with Nike holding wreath - over l.
shoulder.
rev. ADRIANO - POLEITWN (WN ligate)
Demeter, in long garment and with veil, stg. l., holding grain-ears over basket
from which snake emerges and resting with l. hand on long torch entwined by
a snake.
Jurukova 278; Varanov (engl.) 487 var. (has CEV in obv. legend)
rare, nice VF, green patina

Interesting bust type and rev. depiction!
Jochen
hadrianopolis_gordianIII_Jurukova492.jpg
Thracia, Hadrianopolis, Gordian III, Jurukova 42921 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 27, 10.44g
obv. AVT KM ANT GO - RDIANOC AVG (AVG ligate)
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. ADRIANOPO - LEITWN
Demeter in double chiton and veiled, stg. frontal, head l., holding elaborate grain-
ears in r. hand and burning long torch in raised l. hand.
Jurukova 492; Varbanov (engl.) 3775
about VF, brown patina

Never seen such grain-ears before
Jochen
mesambria_philippI_otacilia_SNGcop590.jpg
Thracia, Mesembria, Philipp I & Otacilia Severa, Karayotov 18248 viewsPhilipp I, AD 244-249
AE 26, 10.6g
obv. AVT M IOVL FILIPPOC M W / T CEBHRA / CEB (HR ligate)
confronted busts of Philipp I, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Otacilia
Severa, draped, diademed, l.
rev. MEC - AM - BRIANWN
Demeter, in double chiton and with stola over the back, stg. l., holding patera
and long torch
ref. Karayotov 182; Varbanov (engl.) 4229; SNG Copenhagen 590
rare, VF

Nice torch with basket on top!
2 commentsJochen
mesambria_philippII_serapis_Varbanov4283.jpg
Thracia, Mesembria, Philipp II & Serapis, Karayotov 35133 viewsPhilipp II, AD 247-249
obv. MAR IOVLIOC FILIPPOC / KAICA / [R]
Confronted busts of Philipp II, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r., and Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, l.
rev. MECAMBR - IANWN
Demeter, wearing high-girdled double chiton, stg. facing, head l., holding grain-
ears in outstretched r. hand and long torch in l. hand.
ref. Karayotov 351; Varbanov (engl.) 4283; Moushmov 4034
about VF, weak strike l.
Jochen
mesambria_philippII_serapis_Varbanov4284.jpg
Thracia, Mesembria, Philipp II & Serapis, Karayotov 374 (#1)29 viewsPhilipp II, AD 244-246
AE 26, 10.4g
obv. MAR IOVLIOC FILIPPOC / KAICAR (AR ligate)
Confronted busts of Philip I, bare-headed, r., and Serapis, draped and
wearing kalathos, l.
rev. MECA - MBR - IANWN (WN ligate)
Demeter, in long chiton, stg. l., holding in outstretched r. hand patera, and
grasping with l. hand stump of a tree entwined by a snake
ref. Karayotov 374; Varbanov (engl.) 4284
very rare, good F

Pat Lawrence: It should rather be a long torch, probably bad copied by an untalented die-cutter! I think the coin is heavily tooled.
Jochen
mesambria_philippII_serapis_Varbanov4284~0.jpg
Thracia, Mesembria, Philipp II & Serapis, Karayotov 374 (#2)22 viewsPhilipp II, AD 244-246
AE 26, 9.77g, 25.57mm, 210°
obv. MAR IOVLIOC FILIPPOC / KAICAR (AR ligate)
Confronted busts of Philip I, bare-headed, r., and Serapis, draped and
wearing kalathos, l.
rev. MECA - MBR - IANWN (WN ligate)
Demeter, diademed, in long chiton, stg. frontal, head l., holding in outstretched r. hand
patera, and resting with raised l. hand on tree stump entwined by a snake
ref. a) Karayotov 374
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4284
very rare, about VF, black patina
pedigree:
ex CNG Electronic Auction 297, lot 156
Jochen
mesambria_philippII_serapis_Karayotov_pl_CLI_390-393.jpg
Thracia, Mesembria, Philipp II & Serapis, Karayotov, pl. CLI, 390-39321 viewsPhilip II, AD 247-249
AE 26, 10.54g, 25.73mm, 210°
obv. MAR IOVLIOC FILIPPOC / KAICAR (AR ligate)
Bare head of Philip II r., and bust of Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, l.
rev. MECAMB - RIANWN (WN ligate)
Demeter in long garment and veiled, stg. l., resting with raised l. hand on long burning torch and holding
in raised r. hand grain-ears and poppy
ref. Karayotov, Coinage of Mesambria, Vol. II, Burgas 2009, pl. CLI, 390-393 (same dies) (thanks to Curtis
Clay); not in Varbanov (engl.)
Jochen
nikopolis_ad_nestum_caracalla_Varbanov4319_#2.jpg
Thracia, Nikopolis ad Nestum, Caracalla, Komnick 46 (#2)64 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 28, 17.23g
obv. AVT KM AVRH - [ANTWNEINOC]
Bust, laureate, r.
rev. OVL NIKOPOLE - WC PR MECTW
Female deity (Demeter?), in long garment, stg. frontal, head l., holding patera in r. hand and
resting with l. hand on sceptre entwined by snake
ref. Komnick 46 (V8/R44); Varbanov (engl.) 4319; c.f. Moushmov 4058
very rare, about VF

The deity is called by Komnick Hygieia!
2 commentsJochen
nikopolis_nestum_caracalla_Varbanov4319.jpg
Thracia, Nikopolis ad Nestum, Caracalla, Komnick 46 (#1)40 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 28
obv. AVT KM AVRH - [ANTWNEINOC]
Bust, laureate, r.
rev. OVL NIKOPOLE - WC PR MECTW
Female deity (Demeter?), in long garment, stg. frontal, head l., holding patera in r. hand and
resting with l. hand on sceptre entwined by snake
ref. Komnick 46 (V8/R44); Varbanov (engl.) 4319; c.f. Moushmov 4058
very rare, F+/about VF

The deity is called by Komnick Hygieia!
Jochen
pautalia_faustinaII_Ruzicka85.jpg
Thracia, Pautalia, Faustina jun., Ruzicka 8518 viewsFaustina jun., wife of Marcus Aurelius, AD 161-180
AE 23, 6.72g, 22.8mm
obv. FAVCTEI - NA CEBACTH
Bust draped, r., hair in chignon
rev. OVLPIAC P - A - VTALIAC
Demeter, veiled, in girdled double chiton, stg. frontal, head l., holding in l. arm burning long torch and in extended r. hand patera over garlanded burning altar.
ref. Ruzicka 85; Varbanov (engl.) 4470
about VF, brown patina

This coin comes from a hoard found15-20 years before at an unknown location. This hoard originally
has consisted of 673 coins of Faustina jr. and 4 of Crispina. From Pautalia alone were found 76 different
obv. dies of Faustina. This hoard was recorded by the Berliner Münzkabinett.
Jochen
severus_alexander_perintos_varbanov4085.jpg
Thracia, Perinthos, Severus Alexander Varbanov 407277 viewsSeverus Alexander AD 232-235
AE 35, 19.8g
obv. AVT(?) KM AVR CEV - ALEXANDROC AV
bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, radiate, r.
rev. PERI - NTHIW - N / DIC NEWKO / RWN
Triptolemos with chlamys behind stg. in biga r., drawn by two winged snakes,
joined by yoke
Schönert pl. 45, 737 (same dies); Varbanov 4072 (same dies)
Rare; VF, nice green-brown patina
added to www.wildwinds.com

TRIPTOLEMOS, son of Keleos of Eleusis, is said to get wheat from Demeter with the order to spread the cultivation of grain over the world. So he is one of the great founders of civilization. In his snake biga he came to Thracia, where he was killed by Lynkos, who then was transformed into a lynx. (Ovid Metam. V, 642-661)

PERINTHOS was called HERACLEA (THRACICA) after the time of Aurelian.
2 commentsJochen
philippopolis_commodus_Varbanov1018.jpg
Thracia, Philippopolis, Commodus, Varbanov 101827 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 25, 9.48g, 24.83mm
obv. AV M AR - AV KOMOD - OC
Head, laureate, r.
rev. FILIPP - OP - OLEITWN
Demeter, veiled, in long garment an with mantle over l. arm, stg. frontal, head l., holding in l. arm burning short torch and in raised r. hand grain-ears and poppy; at her feet l. a burning thymaterion.
ref. Varbanov (engl.) 1018, same dies (even the same die damages!)
F+, dark green patina

Coin is sadly in a bad state, but the thymiaterion is beautiful!
Jochen
philippopolis_faustinaII_Varbanov881.jpg
Thracia, Philippopolis, Faustina jun., Varbanov 881 var.22 viewsFaustina jr., wife of Marcus Aurelius AD 161-180
AE 27
obv. FAVCTEINA - CEBACTH
Bust, draped, r., hair in three waves and with bun in neck
rev. FILIPPO - P - OLEITWN
Demeter, in long garment and veiled, stg. l., holding grain-ears in lowered r.
hand and short torch in l. arm
Varbanov (engl.) 881 var. (different legend break on rev.)
about VF, nice patina
Jochen
philippopolis_faustinaII_Varbanov886.jpg
Thracia, Philippopolis, Faustina jun., Varbanov 88642 viewsFaustina jun., AD 161-180
AE 28, 12.74g, 27.55mm
obv. FAVCTEINA - CEBACTH
Bust, draped, r.; hair in three broad waves and elaborated bun behind.
rev. FI - LIPPO - POLEITWN
Demeter, in long garment, veiled, stg. l., holding short torch in l. arm and another short torch in lowered l. hand.
ref. Varbanov (engl.) 886
rare, about VF, nearly black patina

2 commentsJochen
plotinopolis_faustinaII_Varbanov1830.jpg
Thracia, Plotinopolis, Faustina jun., Varbanov 18309 viewsFaustina jun., AD 146-176
AE 23, 7.63g, 23.01mm, 225°
obv. FAVCTEINA - CEBACTH
Bust, draped, r.
rev. PLWTEIN - O - POLEITWN
Demeter in long garment and mantle, stg. frontal, head l., holding in l. arm long burning torch and in raised
r. hand grain ears
ref. Varbanov 1830; BMC 3, 169; SGIC 1728
scarce, VF, nice green patina
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!
Jochen
serdica_caracalla_Ruzicka148var.jpg
Thracia, Serdika, 18. Caracalla, HrJ 12.18.05.04 (rev. only)44 viewsCaracalla AD 198-217
AE 30, 17.54g
obv. AVT KM AVRH CEVH ANTWNINOC
bust, radiate, r.
rev. OVLPIAC - SERDIKHC
Demeter stg. l., holding patera and long torch, snake entwined around lower
end of torch, at her feet half opened cista mustica, from which a second snake
emerges.
ref. a) not in Ruzicka:
rev. Ruzicka 148
obv. Ruzicka 143 var. (without legend break)
b) not in Hristova/Jekov:
rev. No. 12.18.5.4
obv. No. 12.18.5.6
c) not in Varbanov (engl.)
F+/about VF, some corrosion on upper part of rev.
Jochen
serdika_caracalla_Ruzicka141.jpg
Thracia, Serdika, 18. Caracalla, HrJ 12.18.05.13 (plate coin)22 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 28
obv. [AVT KM] AVR CEV - ANTWNEINOC
Bust, draped(?) and cuirassed with scale armor,
laureate, r.
rev. OVLPIAC - CERDIKHC
Demeter, in long double chiton, chlamys over shoulders, veiled, stg. frontal, head l. holding in outstretched r. hand three grain-ears and resting with l. hand on long flaming torch.
Ruzicka 141 (3 ex., Berlin, München, Sofia); Hristova/Jekov No.12.18.5.13 (this coin!); Varbanov (engl.) 2247 (same dies)
about VF
Jochen
Varbanov_II_684_238-244_Gordianus_III.jpg
Thracia_Anchialos_Gordianus_III_Varbanov 68410 viewsGordianus III. and Tranquillina
AE, Thracia, Anchialos
Struck: 238-244 / 25-26 mm / 11,24 g

Av: AVT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC AVΓ CAB / TPANKYΛ/ΛEINA
Confronted busts of Gordianus on left, laureate, draped and cuirassed, and Tranquillina on right, draped and diademed

Rv: OVΛΠIANΩN AΓΧIAΛEΩN
Demeter standing left, holding grain-ears and torch

Reference: Varbanov 684
Andicz
Jurukova_316_238-244_Gordianus_III.jpg
Thracia_Deultum_Gordianus_III_Jurukova 3164 viewsGordianus III.
AE, Thracia, Deultum
Struck: 238-244 / 21-22 mm / 6,40 g

Av: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
Radiate, cuirassed and draped bust right seen from behind

Rv: COL F L PA-C DEVLT
Demeter standing left, holding patera and torch

Reference: Jurukova 316
Andicz
Moushmov_3997_238-244_Gordianus_III.jpg
Thracia_Mesembria_Gordianus_III_Moushmov 39977 viewsGordianus III. and Tranquillina
AE, Thracia, Mesembria
Struck: 238-244 / 24-25 mm / 10,54 g

Av: AVT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC AVΓ CEB / TPANKYΛ/ΛEINA
Confronted busts of Gordianus on left, laureate, draped and cuirassed, and Tranquillina on right, draped and diademed

Rv: ME-CAMB-PIANΩN
Demeter standing left, holding grain-ears and torch

Reference: Moushmov 3997
Andicz
Moushmov_4037_244-249_Philippus_II.jpg
Thracia_Mesembria_Philippus_II_Moushmov 40379 viewsPhilippus II. and Serapis
AE, Thracia, Mesembria
Struck: 244-247 / 24-25 mm / 9,44 g

Av: MAP IOVΛIOC ΦIΛIΠΠOC / KAICAP
Head of Philippus II. right, facing draped bust of Serapis left, wearing kalathos

Rv: MECA-MBP-IANΩN
Demeter standing left, holding patera and branch of tree, the trunk of which has a serpent coiled around it

Reference: Moushmov 4037
Andicz
Moushmov_1659_238-244_Gordianus_III__NEU.jpg
Thracia_Odessos_Gordianus_III_Moushmov 1659 var.9 viewsGordianus III. and Theos Megas
AE, Thracia, Odessos
Struck: 238-244 / 27-28 mm / 11,43 g

Av: AYT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC / AVG
Confronted busts of Gordianus on left, laureate, draped and cuirassed, and Theos Megas on right, draped and wearing kalathos, cornucopiae at shoulder

Rv: OΔ-HC-CEITΩN
Demeter standing left, head left, wearing kalathos, holding grain-ears and torch

In right field: ∃

Reference: Moushmov 1659 var.
Andicz
628.jpg
thyatira004a3 viewsElagabalus
Thyatira, Lydia

Obv: ANTΩNЄINOC, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ΘΥΑΤƐΙ-ΡΗΝΩΝ, Demeter standing facing, looking left, holding corn ears and long torch.
20 mm, 3.27 gms

RPC Online 4315
Charles M
1053.jpg
thyatira004a_22 viewsElagabalus
Thyatira, Lydia

Obv: ANTΩNЄINOC, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ΘΥΑΤƐΙ-ΡΗΝΩΝ, Demeter standing facing, looking left, holding corn ears and long torch.
20 mm, 4.05 gms

RPC Online 4315
Charles M
1217c.jpg
thyatira004b3 viewsElagabalus
Thyatira, Lydia

Obv: ANTΩNЄINO, laureate head right.
Rev: ΘΥΑΤƐΙ-ΡΗΝΩΝ, Demeter standing facing, looking left, holding corn ears and long torch.
19 mm, 3.51 gms

RPC Online 4339; SNG Leypold 1299
Charles M
Sardis.jpg
Tiberius. 14-37 A.D.12 viewsLYDIA, Sardis. Tiberius. 14-37 A.D. Æ 17.0~17.5mm. 4.09 g. Julius Kleon and Memnon, magistrates. Obv: ΣEBAΣTOΣ KAIΣA-ΡEΩN ΣA-ΡΔIANΩN, Tiberius standing facing left, raising up a kneeling Tyche of Sardis. Rev: ΣEBAΣTH IOΥΛIOΣ KΛEΩN KAI MEMNΩN, Livia as Demeter seated right, holding sceptre and grain ears. RPC I 2991; BMC Lydia 98; SNG Copenhagen 515. This coin marks the imperial relief efforts directed to Sardis after a devastating earthquake in 17 AD.ddwau
FII-x.jpg
Traiana AE 2024 viewsFaustina Junior, Traiana, Thrace. Bronze AE 20, Varbanov II 889, rough VF, Augusta Traiana mint, 6.885 grams, 24.6 mm, die axis 225o, obverse “FAVCTEINA CEBACTH, draped bust right; reverse AVGOCTHC TPAIANHC, Demeter seated left holding grain-ears and scepter; ex FORVM.Podiceps
39012892_2347575795506073_8690922072131502080_n.jpg
Tranquillina, AE21 of Sardes, Lydia, (241-244 AD)10 viewsRoman Provincial, Tranquillina, AE21 of Sardes, Lydia, (241-244 AD)

ΦOYΡ TΡANKYΛΛEINA CA, Draped bust right.

CAΡΔIANΩN B NEΩKOΡΩN, Demeter or Kore standing left, holding three grain-ears and long torch.

Leypold I, 1237; SNG Munich 541; RPC VII 242.2.12
Gil-galad
IMG_4488.JPG
Trebonianus gallus AE24 251-253 A.D.21 viewsObv:bust r,laur wearing paludamentum and cuirass
IMPCCVIBGALLVSPFAVG
Rev:Demeter standing to right holding staff with serpent
COLPFAVGCCAESMETRPAL Kadman 212
Maritima
Greek.JPG
Unidentified37 viewsUnidentified Greek AE 15

Turreted bust, left (Tyche/Demeter?), Δ in left field/Figure or Eagle (slightly off-flan) with row of text to right.

ANY IDEAS WOULD BE APRECIATED!!!
Belisarius
Keramus~0.jpg
Zeus Chrysaoreus551 viewsPius bust left. Draped statue of Zeus Chrysaoreus holding patera and sceptre. Eagle at feet. BMC Caria, Pl. XII

City; Province; Region Ceramus; Asia: Conventus of Alabanda; Caria
Date 138–161
Magistrate P. Ailios Themistokles Protoleontos, arxas (ex-archon?)
Obverse design laureate head of Antoninus Pius with traces of drapery, l.
Obverse inscription ΑΥΤΟΚ ΚΑΙΣ ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝΟΝ ΣΕΒ ΕΥ (facing outward)
Reverse design Zeus (Chrysaoreus) standing, facing, head, l., holding patera over eagle and long sceptre
Reverse inscription ΑΙΛΙ ΘΕΜΙΣΤΟΚΛΗΣ ΠΡΩΤΟΛΕ ΑΡΞ ΚΕΡΑΜΙΗΤΩΝ
Metal Bronze
Average diameter 33 mm
Average weight 19.91 g

CHRYSAOR (Chrusaôr). The god with the golden sword or arms. In this sense it is used as a surname or attribute of several divinities, such as Apollo (Hom. II. xv. 256), Artemis (Herod. viii. 77), and Demeter. (Hom. Hymn. in Cer. 4.) We find Chrysaoreus as a surname of Zeus with the same meaning, under which he had a temple in Caria, which was a national sanctuary, and the place of meeting for the national assembly of the Carians. Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
ancientone
Valerian1RIC232.jpg
[1112a] Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.70 viewsSilver antoninianus, RIC 232, RSC 10, VF, worn die reverse, Mediolanum mint, 3.909g, 22.2mm, 180o, 257 A.D.; Obverse: IMP VALERIANVS P AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: AETERNITATI AVGG, Sol standing left, raising right, globe in left; nice portrait, good silver for the reign. Ex FORVM.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families

Valerian (A.D. 253-260) and Gallienus (A.D. 253-268)

Richard D. Weigel
Western Kentucky University


P. Licinius Valerianus, or Valerian, was unusual for his time period in that he was an emperor who came from an old Roman senatorial family. He was likely born shortly before 200 A.D., but little is known of his early life. Valerian married Egnatia Mariniana and had two sons, Gallienus and Valerian Junior. Gallienus was born around 218. Valerian makes his first appearance in the sources in 238 A.D. as an ex-consul and princeps senatus negotiating with (more likely than serving on) the embassy sent to Rome by Gordian I's African legions to secure senatorial approval of Gordian's rebellion against and replacement of Maximinus Thrax as emperor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae probably report accurately that Trajan Decius, on the recommendation of the Senate, offered Valerian the censorship in 251. Although the senatus consultum cited and the specific office are of doubtful authenticity, the high reputation Valerian possessed in the Senate and his association with the government under Decius probably are truthful aspects of the story. In 253 Valerian was apparently commanding in Raetia and Noricum when Trebonianus Gallus sent him to bring legions from Gaul and Germany to Italy for the struggle with the forces of Aemilianus. After Gallus' troops killed him and his son and joined Aemilianus, Valerian's men proclaimed their general emperor and their arrival in Italy caused Aemilianus' soldiers to desert and kill their commander and join Valerian's forces in acclaiming Valerian as emperor.

The Senate presumably was pleased to ratify the position of Valerian, one of their own, as emperor and they also accepted his son and colleague, P. Licinius Egnatius Gallienus, as Augustus, rather than just as Caesar. Valerian apparently realized the necessity of sharing power equally with his son and of dividing their efforts geographically, with Gallienus responsible for the West and Valerian himself concentrating on the East. The biographies of Valerian and Gallienus in the Scriptores Historiae Augustae, attributed to Trebellius Pollio, are not especially helpful in putting together an account of their joint reign. The life of Valerian is fragmentary and that of Gallienus projects an extremely biased negative interpretation of his career.

Gallienus in the early years of the joint reign concentrated, with some success, on protecting Gaul and the Rhine frontier by driving back Germanic tribes and fortifying cities such as Cologne and Trier. In a move which would characterize later diplomacy with Germans, Gallienus concluded an alliance with one of their chieftains, presumably to assist the Romans in protecting the empire from other Germanic tribes. The invasions increased in number around 257-258 as the Franks entered Gaul and Spain, destroying Tarraco (Tarragona), and the Alamanni invaded Italy. Gallienus defeated the Alamanni at Milan, but soon was faced with the revolts in Pannonia and Moesia led first by his general there, Ingenuus, and then by Regalianus, commander in Illyricum. Gallienus put down these rebellions by 260 and secured stability in the region by concluding an alliance with the Marcomannic king, whose daughter Pipa the emperor apparently accepted as his concubine although he was still married to Cornelia Salonina.

In the East, Valerian had succeeded by A.D. 257 in rescuing Antioch in Syria from Persian control, at least temporarily, but was soon faced with a major invasion of the Goths in Asia Minor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae biography of Aurelian has Valerian appear to speak in the Baths at Byzantium to publicly commend Aurelian for his success in driving back the Goths and reward him with the consulship and even with adoption as imperial successor. However, it is not clear that Valerian even reached Byzantium because he sent Felix to that city while he remained to protect the eastern section of Asia Minor and then returned to Antioch to guard it against renewed Persian attacks. It was at this point, around 259, that Valerian moved to defend Edessa and his troops lost significant numbers to the plague. Valerian tried to negotiate a peace with the Persian king, Sapor, but was captured by treachery and taken into captivity. The ultimate humiliation of a Roman emperor by a foreign leader was enacted through Sapor's use of Valerian as a human stepping-stool to assist the Persian king in mounting his horse and Valerian's body was later skinned to produce a lasting trophy of Roman submission.

Eusebius discusses the policy of Valerian toward the Christians and says that, after initially treating them most positively, Valerian was persuaded by Macrianus to lead another persecution against them. Valerian in fact after his brutal imprisonment and death in Persia would serve as a negative moral exemplum for some Latin Christian writers who gleefully pointed out that those who oppose the true God receive their just desserts.

Eusebius also credits Gallienus with reversing his father's policy and establishing peace with the Church, citing imperial edicts which established freedom of worship and even restored some lost property. Paul Keresztes claims that Gallienus in fact established a peace with Christians that lasted for forty-three years, from A.D. 260 until 303, and gave the community a kind of legal status which they had previously lacked.

Andreas Alföldi details a growing separation between Gallienus and his father which goes well beyond the geographical one which had developed out of military necessity. In addition to the strikingly different policies, just described, which they pursued toward the Christians, Gallienus began to make his military independence clear through changes in coin inscriptions and by 258 he had created his central cavalry unit and stationed it at Milan. This independent force, which was under the command of a man of equestrian rank and soon stood on a level at least equal to that of the Praetorian Guard, would play a significant role in Gallienus' upcoming battles and, of course, was a foretoken of a new trend for military organization in the future. Alföldi cites as evidence of the increasing separation between the joint emperors the statement that Gallienus did not even seek his father's return from captivity, which Lactantius of course interpreted as part of Valerian's divine punishment, but one wonders what indeed Gallienus might have done and his "indifference" may have been instead his attempt to reassert confidence in his armies and not dwell on the depressing and humiliating servitude and ultimate death of Valerian. Another reform which Alföldi discusses as part of Gallienus' independent stand is his exclusion of the senatorial class from major military commands. H.M.D. Parker credits Gallienus with beginning to separate the civil and military functions of Rome's provincial governors, thus making senatorial governors purely civil administrators and starting to replace them even in this reduced role by equestrians. The disappearance in this period of the S.C. stamp of senatorial authority on bronze coins was probably also seen as an attack on the prestige of the order, although the debasement of the silver coinage had by this time practically reached the point where the "silver" coins were themselves essentially bronze and the change may have been more for economic than for political reasons. Gallienus' exclusion of senators from military command further broke down class distinctions because sons of centurions were by this time regularly given equestrian rank and the move further accelerated the alienation of Rome as center of the Empire. In addition, the bitterness of the senatorial class over Gallienus' policy most likely explains the hatred of Latin writers toward this particular emperor.

Although Gallienus' military innovations may have made his forces more effective, he still had to face numerous challenges to his authority.In addition to systemic invasions and revolts, the plague wreaked havoc in Rome and Italy and probably in several provinces as well. It must have seemed that every commander he entrusted to solve a problem later used that authority to create another threat. When Gallienus was involved in putting down the revolt of Ingenuus in Pannonia, he put Postumus in charge of the armies guarding the Rhine and Gaul. There is some doubt about which of Gallienus' sons, Cornelius Valerianus or P. Cornelius Licinius Saloninus, was left in Cologne under the care of the Praetorian Prefect Silvanus and perhaps also Postumus. In any case, when Postumus revolted and proclaimed his independent Gallic Empire, Silvanus and one of the emperor's sons were killed. Gallienus probably restricted Postumus' expansion, but he never gained the personal revenge that, according to one source, drove him to challenge Postumus to single combat. While Gallienus was thus engaged, and after Valerian's capture by the Persians, Macrianus had his soldiers proclaim his sons, Macrianus and Quietus, emperors in Syria, Asia Minor, and Egypt. Gallienus sent Aureolus to defeat Macrianus and one son in the area of Illyria and Thrace; Odenathus of Palmyra defeated the other son and restored stability in Syria and, with Gallienus' approval, followed that up with a victory over the Persians. After Odenathus' assassination ca. 267, his wife Zenobia continued to rule the independent Palmyrene section of the Empire.

In A.D. 262 Gallienus concluded his tenth year in office by celebrating in Rome his Decennalia with a spectacular procession involving senators, equestrians, gladiators, soldiers, representatives of foreign peoples, and many other groups. This festival included feasts, games, entertainment, and spectacle which probably reminded Romans of the millennial Secular Games celebrations of Philip I and likely were intended to secure popular support at home for Gallienus. Over the next five years little is known about specific activities of the emperor and he presumably spent more time in Rome and less along the frontiers.

Gallienus and Salonina as rulers patronized a cultural movement which collectively is known as the Gallienic Renaissance. The imperial patrons are most directly connected with the philosophical aspects of this movement because Porphyry testifies to their friendship for the Neoplatonic philosopher Plotinus. Porphyry goes on to say that Plotinus asked Gallienus to rebuild an abandoned former city of philosophers in Campania, rename it Platonopolis, and govern it as a kind of Platonic Republic, but that the jealousy and spite of others at court scuttled the plan. In addition to Neoplatonic philosophy, according to Gervase Matthew, the Gallienic Renaissance included the "upward glance" and other stylistic changes in imperial sculpture and religious beliefs that were characterized by "an overwhelming sense of the transcendent and immutable." Matthew points out both the return to artistic models of Augustus, Hadrian, and even Severus Alexander and also "a new Romantic tension" which breaks with the past and points toward a new and very different world. The Hellenic character of much of the Gallienic Renaissance is also stressed in the emperor's trip to Athens where he, likely in imitation of Hadrian, became eponymous archon and received initiation into the Eleusinian cult of Demeter.
Late in his reign, Gallienus issued a series of coins in Rome which honored nine deities as Conservator Augusti or protector of the emperor by pairing his portrait with reverses picturing an animal or animals symbolic of each deity. Included in this group of celestial guardians are Apollo, Diana, Hercules, Jupiter, Juno, Liber Pater, Mercury, Neptune, and Sol. For example, Apollo's coin-types portray a centaur, a gryphon, or Pegasus; Hercules is represented by either the lion or the boar. It appears that Gallienus was issuing the "animal series" coins both to secure, through some religious festival, the aid of Rome's protective gods against continuing invasions, revolts, and plague and to entertain the Roman populace with pageantry and circus games, thus to divert their attention away from the same problems and maintain the security of the regime in power.

In A.D. 268, Gallienus saw his third son, Marinianus, become consul, but in the spring another Gothic invasion brought the emperor back to Greece. He defeated the invaders at Naissus in Moesia , but was deterred from pursuing them further by a revolt of the commander of his elite cavalry, Aureolus. He besieged this last rebel emperor in Milan, but a plot involving his Praetorian Prefect and two future emperors, Claudius and Aurelian, all three men Illyrians popular with many of the soldiers, lured Gallienus away from the city on a false pretext and assassinated him.The emperor's brother Valerian and young son Marinianus were also murdered. In spite of the bitter resentment which many of the senators must have felt toward the dead emperor and his reform policies, Claudius II, perhaps only to legitimize his own reign, persuaded the Senate to deify Gallienus.

Copyright Richard D. Weigel, 2007. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families

Valerian I was proclaimed emperor after the death of Trajan Decius. He successfully repulsed many barbarian incursions but the standard of living declined and would never recover. In 260 A.D., after four years of war during which Roman forces suffered great losses in battle and to plague, he arranged for peace talks. He set off with a small group to discuss terms with the Sassinian emperor Sapor and was never seen again. The date of his death is unknown, but in Rome it was rumored that he had been murdered and that Sapor was using his stuffed body as a footstool. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
GalllienusRIC163.jpg
[1113a] Gallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D.72 viewsBronze antoninianus, RIC 163, RSC 72, choice EF, Rome mint, 3.716g, 21.6mm, 180o, 268 A.D.; Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; Reverse: APOLLINI CONS AVG, centaur walking right drawing bow, Z in exergue; struck on a full and round flan, rare this nice. Commemorates vows to Apollo invoking his protection against the revolt of Aureolus. Ex FORVM.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families

Valerian (A.D. 253-260) and Gallienus (A.D. 253-268)

Richard D. Weigel
Western Kentucky University


P. Licinius Valerianus, or Valerian, was unusual for his time period in that he was an emperor who came from an old Roman senatorial family. He was likely born shortly before 200 A.D., but little is known of his early life. Valerian married Egnatia Mariniana and had two sons, Gallienus and Valerian Junior. Gallienus was born around 218. Valerian makes his first appearance in the sources in 238 A.D. as an ex-consul and princeps senatus negotiating with (more likely than serving on) the embassy sent to Rome by Gordian I's African legions to secure senatorial approval of Gordian's rebellion against and replacement of Maximinus Thrax as emperor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae probably report accurately that Trajan Decius, on the recommendation of the Senate, offered Valerian the censorship in 251. Although the senatus consultum cited and the specific office are of doubtful authenticity, the high reputation Valerian possessed in the Senate and his association with the government under Decius probably are truthful aspects of the story. In 253 Valerian was apparently commanding in Raetia and Noricum when Trebonianus Gallus sent him to bring legions from Gaul and Germany to Italy for the struggle with the forces of Aemilianus. After Gallus' troops killed him and his son and joined Aemilianus, Valerian's men proclaimed their general emperor and their arrival in Italy caused Aemilianus' soldiers to desert and kill their commander and join Valerian's forces in acclaiming Valerian as emperor.

The Senate presumably was pleased to ratify the position of Valerian, one of their own, as emperor and they also accepted his son and colleague, P. Licinius Egnatius Gallienus, as Augustus, rather than just as Caesar. Valerian apparently realized the necessity of sharing power equally with his son and of dividing their efforts geographically, with Gallienus responsible for the West and Valerian himself concentrating on the East. The biographies of Valerian and Gallienus in the Scriptores Historiae Augustae, attributed to Trebellius Pollio, are not especially helpful in putting together an account of their joint reign. The life of Valerian is fragmentary and that of Gallienus projects an extremely biased negative interpretation of his career.

Gallienus in the early years of the joint reign concentrated, with some success, on protecting Gaul and the Rhine frontier by driving back Germanic tribes and fortifying cities such as Cologne and Trier. In a move which would characterize later diplomacy with Germans, Gallienus concluded an alliance with one of their chieftains, presumably to assist the Romans in protecting the empire from other Germanic tribes. The invasions increased in number around 257-258 as the Franks entered Gaul and Spain, destroying Tarraco (Tarragona), and the Alamanni invaded Italy. Gallienus defeated the Alamanni at Milan, but soon was faced with the revolts in Pannonia and Moesia led first by his general there, Ingenuus, and then by Regalianus, commander in Illyricum. Gallienus put down these rebellions by 260 and secured stability in the region by concluding an alliance with the Marcomannic king, whose daughter Pipa the emperor apparently accepted as his concubine although he was still married to Cornelia Salonina.

In the East, Valerian had succeeded by A.D. 257 in rescuing Antioch in Syria from Persian control, at least temporarily, but was soon faced with a major invasion of the Goths in Asia Minor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae biography of Aurelian has Valerian appear to speak in the Baths at Byzantium to publicly commend Aurelian for his success in driving back the Goths and reward him with the consulship and even with adoption as imperial successor. However, it is not clear that Valerian even reached Byzantium because he sent Felix to that city while he remained to protect the eastern section of Asia Minor and then returned to Antioch to guard it against renewed Persian attacks. It was at this point, around 259, that Valerian moved to defend Edessa and his troops lost significant numbers to the plague. Valerian tried to negotiate a peace with the Persian king, Sapor, but was captured by treachery and taken into captivity. The ultimate humiliation of a Roman emperor by a foreign leader was enacted through Sapor's use of Valerian as a human stepping-stool to assist the Persian king in mounting his horse and Valerian's body was later skinned to produce a lasting trophy of Roman submission.

Eusebius discusses the policy of Valerian toward the Christians and says that, after initially treating them most positively, Valerian was persuaded by Macrianus to lead another persecution against them. Valerian in fact after his brutal imprisonment and death in Persia would serve as a negative moral exemplum for some Latin Christian writers who gleefully pointed out that those who oppose the true God receive their just desserts.

Eusebius also credits Gallienus with reversing his father's policy and establishing peace with the Church, citing imperial edicts which established freedom of worship and even restored some lost property. Paul Keresztes claims that Gallienus in fact established a peace with Christians that lasted for forty-three years, from A.D. 260 until 303, and gave the community a kind of legal status which they had previously lacked.

Andreas Alföldi details a growing separation between Gallienus and his father which goes well beyond the geographical one which had developed out of military necessity. In addition to the strikingly different policies, just described, which they pursued toward the Christians, Gallienus began to make his military independence clear through changes in coin inscriptions and by 258 he had created his central cavalry unit and stationed it at Milan. This independent force, which was under the command of a man of equestrian rank and soon stood on a level at least equal to that of the Praetorian Guard, would play a significant role in Gallienus' upcoming battles and, of course, was a foretoken of a new trend for military organization in the future. Alföldi cites as evidence of the increasing separation between the joint emperors the statement that Gallienus did not even seek his father's return from captivity, which Lactantius of course interpreted as part of Valerian's divine punishment, but one wonders what indeed Gallienus might have done and his "indifference" may have been instead his attempt to reassert confidence in his armies and not dwell on the depressing and humiliating servitude and ultimate death of Valerian. Another reform which Alföldi discusses as part of Gallienus' independent stand is his exclusion of the senatorial class from major military commands. H.M.D. Parker credits Gallienus with beginning to separate the civil and military functions of Rome's provincial governors, thus making senatorial governors purely civil administrators and starting to replace them even in this reduced role by equestrians. The disappearance in this period of the S.C. stamp of senatorial authority on bronze coins was probably also seen as an attack on the prestige of the order, although the debasement of the silver coinage had by this time practically reached the point where the "silver" coins were themselves essentially bronze and the change may have been more for economic than for political reasons. Gallienus' exclusion of senators from military command further broke down class distinctions because sons of centurions were by this time regularly given equestrian rank and the move further accelerated the alienation of Rome as center of the Empire. In addition, the bitterness of the senatorial class over Gallienus' policy most likely explains the hatred of Latin writers toward this particular emperor.

Although Gallienus' military innovations may have made his forces more effective, he still had to face numerous challenges to his authority.In addition to systemic invasions and revolts, the plague wreaked havoc in Rome and Italy and probably in several provinces as well. It must have seemed that every commander he entrusted to solve a problem later used that authority to create another threat. When Gallienus was involved in putting down the revolt of Ingenuus in Pannonia, he put Postumus in charge of the armies guarding the Rhine and Gaul. There is some doubt about which of Gallienus' sons, Cornelius Valerianus or P. Cornelius Licinius Saloninus, was left in Cologne under the care of the Praetorian Prefect Silvanus and perhaps also Postumus. In any case, when Postumus revolted and proclaimed his independent Gallic Empire, Silvanus and one of the emperor's sons were killed. Gallienus probably restricted Postumus' expansion, but he never gained the personal revenge that, according to one source, drove him to challenge Postumus to single combat. While Gallienus was thus engaged, and after Valerian's capture by the Persians, Macrianus had his soldiers proclaim his sons, Macrianus and Quietus, emperors in Syria, Asia Minor, and Egypt. Gallienus sent Aureolus to defeat Macrianus and one son in the area of Illyria and Thrace; Odenathus of Palmyra defeated the other son and restored stability in Syria and, with Gallienus' approval, followed that up with a victory over the Persians. After Odenathus' assassination ca. 267, his wife Zenobia continued to rule the independent Palmyrene section of the Empire.

In A.D. 262 Gallienus concluded his tenth year in office by celebrating in Rome his Decennalia with a spectacular procession involving senators, equestrians, gladiators, soldiers, representatives of foreign peoples, and many other groups. This festival included feasts, games, entertainment, and spectacle which probably reminded Romans of the millennial Secular Games celebrations of Philip I and likely were intended to secure popular support at home for Gallienus. Over the next five years little is known about specific activities of the emperor and he presumably spent more time in Rome and less along the frontiers.

Gallienus and Salonina as rulers patronized a cultural movement which collectively is known as the Gallienic Renaissance. The imperial patrons are most directly connected with the philosophical aspects of this movement because Porphyry testifies to their friendship for the Neoplatonic philosopher Plotinus. Porphyry goes on to say that Plotinus asked Gallienus to rebuild an abandoned former city of philosophers in Campania, rename it Platonopolis, and govern it as a kind of Platonic Republic, but that the jealousy and spite of others at court scuttled the plan. In addition to Neoplatonic philosophy, according to Gervase Matthew, the Gallienic Renaissance included the "upward glance" and other stylistic changes in imperial sculpture and religious beliefs that were characterized by "an overwhelming sense of the transcendent and immutable." Matthew points out both the return to artistic models of Augustus, Hadrian, and even Severus Alexander and also "a new Romantic tension" which breaks with the past and points toward a new and very different world. The Hellenic character of much of the Gallienic Renaissance is also stressed in the emperor's trip to Athens where he, likely in imitation of Hadrian, became eponymous archon and received initiation into the Eleusinian cult of Demeter.

Late in his reign, Gallienus issued a series of coins in Rome which honored nine deities as Conservator Augusti or protector of the emperor by pairing his portrait with reverses picturing an animal or animals symbolic of each deity. Included in this group of celestial guardians are Apollo, Diana, Hercules, Jupiter, Juno, Liber Pater, Mercury, Neptune, and Sol. For example, Apollo's coin-types portray a centaur, a gryphon, or Pegasus; Hercules is represented by either the lion or the boar. It appears that Gallienus was issuing the "animal series" coins both to secure, through some religious festival, the aid of Rome's protective gods against continuing invasions, revolts, and plague and to entertain the Roman populace with pageantry and circus games, thus to divert their attention away from the same problems and maintain the security of the regime in power.

In A.D. 268, Gallienus saw his third son, Marinianus, become consul, but in the spring another Gothic invasion brought the emperor back to Greece. He defeated the invaders at Naissus in Moesia , but was deterred from pursuing them further by a revolt of the commander of his elite cavalry, Aureolus. He besieged this last rebel emperor in Milan, but a plot involving his Praetorian Prefect and two future emperors, Claudius and Aurelian, all three men Illyrians popular with many of the soldiers, lured Gallienus away from the city on a false pretext and assassinated him.The emperor's brother Valerian and young son Marinianus were also murdered. In spite of the bitter resentment which many of the senators must have felt toward the dead emperor and his reform policies, Claudius II, perhaps only to legitimize his own reign, persuaded the Senate to deify Gallienus.

Copyright (C) 1998, Richard D. Weigel. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/gallval.htm. Used by permission.


Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus was born in about AD 213. This means that he was about 40 years old when his father Valerian, in AD 253, was hailed emperor by his troops in Raetia. Gallienus was made Caesar immediately by his father. But within a month, when Valerian got to Rome, Gallienus received the rank of Augustus.

Compared to other Roman emperors of the age, Gallienus was an exception, as far as he was not a soldier-emperor. He was rather a thoughtful, intellectual ruler, possessing sophisticated Greek tastes. However, this made him deeply unpopular with the gritty Danubian generals, who very much understood it as their right to choose a leader among their own ranks to rule the empire.

If the Danubian military elite didn't like Gallienus, then he certainly soon proved that he was a capable military leader. Between AD 254 to AD 256 he campaigned along the Danube, securing this troubled frontier against the barbarians. In AD 256 he then moved west to fight the Germans along the Rhine.

Then by autumn AD 260 the message of Valerian's capture by the Persians reached Gallienus. If Gallienus had always been unpopular among the military leaders, then now with his father gone and Roman authority crumbling, rebellion was in the air.

On a night in September, AD 268, at the siege of Mediolanum (Milan), an alarm was suddenly raised in the camp of the emperor. In the brief moment of confusion, Gallienus was struck down in the dark as he emerged from his tent.

During his reign, Gallienus began numerous reforms and military campaigns to defend the empire, as much from usurpers as from barbarians. In doing so, he perhaps saved the empire from oblivion. At the same time he presided over perhaps the last flowering of classical Roman culture, patronizing poets, artists and philosophers.

As a last gesture of disrespect to this, most unfortunate of emperors, the Romans should lay Gallienus to rest not in one of the great mausoleums in Rome, but in a tomb nine miles south of the capital, along the Via Appia.

Ironically, he was deified by the senate at the request of Claudius II Gothicus, one of the men who must be held accountable for the assassination of Gallienus.
See: http://www.roman-empire.net/decline/gallienus.html


Gallienus was the son of Valerian I and was named Caesar at his father's accession to the throne in 253 A.D. Upon his father's capture by the Parthians he assumed the rank of Augustus and began numerous reforms and military campaigns to defend the empire, as much from usurpers as from barbarians. At the same time he presided over perhaps the last flowering of classical Roman culture, patronizing poets, artists and philosophers. Gallienus was assassinated while besieging Milan. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
PergaAthenaOwl.jpg
[2400a] Pergamon, Mysia: AE14, ca. 300 BC70 viewsMYSIA, PERGAMON, Æ14, ca. 300 BC. BMC 15, SGC 3965. 2.0 gm. VF/aVF; Pergamon mint. Obverse: Head of Athena right, in close fitting crested helmet; Reverse; ATHENAS - NIKHFOPOY either side of owl standing, facing, wings closed; all within olive-wreath. Obverse device a clean strike of a lovely Athena. Ex Inclinatiorama.

The city of ancient Pergamon (or Pergamum, today's Bergama) was created by the newly-founded royal dynasty in the mid-third century BCE. It became one of the classic late-Hellenistic cities, on a dramatically steep site, with imaginatiave solutions to the urban design problems created by the site, wonderfully embellished by the generous attention of its royal (and other) patrons. The site divides into two main sections, the steep upper town and the flat lower town. Though today's Bergama is entirely in the lower areas, a number of important remains have survived even there: the Asklepieion, one of the major healing centres of antiqity, the Red Hall (Serapeum), the stadium, a Roman Bridge and tunnel. But it is the upper town that captures the imagination, with its extensive remains, innovations, and drama.
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~prchrdsn/pergamon.htm

The Attalids, the descendants of Attalus, the father of Philetaerus who came to power in 282 BC, were among the most loyal supporters of Rome among the Hellenistic successor states. Under Attalus I, they allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon, during the first and second Macedonian Wars, and again under Eumenes II, against Perseus of Macedon, during the Third Macedonian War. For support against the Seleucids, the Attalids were rewarded with all the former Seleucid domains in Asia Minor.

The Attalids ruled with intelligence and generosity. Many documents survive showing how the Attalids would support the growth of towns through sending in skilled artisans and by remitting taxes. They allowed the Greek cities in their domains to maintain nominal independence. They sent gifts to Greek cultural sites like Delphi, Delos, and Athens. They defeated the invading Celts. They remodeled the Acropolis of Pergamum after the Acropolis in Athens. When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 BC he bequeathed Pergamon to Rome, in order to prevent a civil war.

The Great Altar of Pergamon is in the Pergamon Museum, Berlin. The base of this altar remains on the upper part of the Acropolis. Other notable structures still in existence on the upper part of the Acropolis include: a Hellenistic theater with a seating capacity of 10,000; the Sanctuary of Trajan (also known as the Trajaneum); the Sancturay of Athena; the Library; royal palaces; the Heroön; the Temple of Dionysus; the Upper Agora; and the Roman baths complex. Pergamon's library on the Acropolis is the second best in the ancient Greek civilisation (the ancient Library of Pergamum), after that of Alexandria. When the Ptolemies stopped exporting papyrus, partly because of competitors and partly because of shortages, the Pergamenes invented a new substance to use in codices, called pergaminus or parchment after the city. This was made of fine calf skin, a predecessor of vellum. The lower part of the Acropolis has the following structures: the Upper Gymnasium, the Middle Gymnasium, the Lower Gymnasium, the Temple of Demeter, the Sanctuary of Hera, the House of Attalus, the Lower Agora and the Gate of Eumenes.

Three km south of the Acropolis was the Sanctuary of Asclepius (also known as the Asclepeion), the god of healing. In this place people with health problems could bath in the water of the sacred spring, and in the patients' dreams Asklepios would appear in a vision to tell them how to cure their illness. Archeology has found lots of gifts and dedications that people would make afterwards, such as small terracotta body parts, no doubt representing what had been healed. Notable extant structures in the Asclepeion include the Roman theater, the North Stoa, the South Stoa, the Temple of Asclepius, a circular treatment center (sometimes known as the Temple of Telesphorus), a healing spring, an underground passageway, a library, the Via Tecta (or the Sacred Way, which is a colonnaded street leading to the sanctuary) and a propylon.

Pergamon's other notable structure is the Serapis Temple (Serapeum) which was later transformed into the Red Basilica complex (or Kızıl Avlu in Turkish), about 1 km south of the Acropolis. It consists of a main building and two round towers. In the first century AD, the Christian Church at Pergamon inside the main building of the Red Basilica was one of the Seven Churches to which the Book of Revelation was addressed (Revelation 1:12, ESV).
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pergamon

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
     
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