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Search results - "Constantius"
CONTIUS2-3.jpg
93 viewsConstantius II - Majorina - 351/361 - Mint of Sirmio
Ob.: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG; diademed, draped and cuirassed busrt right. Δ in left field
Rev.: FEL TEMP REPARATIO; soldier spearing fallen horseman. In ex ASIRM
gs. 4,4 mm. 24
Cohen 44
Maxentius
COSTGALLO-2.jpg
71 viewsConstantius Gallus - Centenionalis - 352/354 A.D. - Mint of Sirmio
Ob.: D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C; draped and cuirassed bust right. A in left field
Rev.: FEL TEMP REPARATIO; soldier spearing fallen horseman. III in left field
gs. 4,6 mm. 23,2
Maxentius
CONTIUS1-1.jpg
49 viewsConstantius I Chlorus - AE Post-Reform Radiate - 294-299 AD - Alexandria mint
Obv.: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev.: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Constantius standing right, receiving globe from Jupiter standing opposite and holding a scepte, Δ between. In ex., ALE
Gs. 3,2 mm. 20,5
Cohen 20

Maxentius
ConstantiusII_PROVIDENTIAE_CAESS_RICVII_Siscia217_18.6mm_3.2g.jpg
55 viewsareich
coin128.jpg
34 viewsCyzicus RIC 18a Constantius I Chlorus AE Post-
Reform Radiate. 294-299 AD. FL VAL CONSTA
NTIVS NOB CAES, radiate cuirassed bust right /
CONCORDIA MILITVM, Constantius standing
right receiving globe from Jupiter standing opposite
and holding a scepte, KB between. Coin #128
cars100
CONSTANTIUS_II_AE_3__15mm_2_69gr__USS_3_99.jpg
20 viewsAntonivs Protti
CONSTANTIUS_AE_4__14mm_1_330gr_USS_2_60.jpg
11 viewsAntonivs Protti
CONSTANTIUS_GALLUS_AE_3_,_AS_FOUND_15mm_2_23__USS_4_79.jpg
10 viewsAntonivs Protti
constantius_ii_campgate_smts1.jpg
39 viewsThe patina on this one is a beautiful dark green and glossy
Constantine II CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C LDC left
PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS 2 6 to 8, three seen with a base, two of them with dots in top layer SMTS Delta Thessalonica RIC VII Thessalonica 157 C3 326-328
James b4
CONSTANTIUS_GALLUS_AE_3_17mm_2_12gr__USS4_79.jpg
11 viewsAntonivs Protti
CONSTANTIUS_II_AE_3_,_NICE_DESERT_PATINA_16mm_2_73gr__USS4_79.jpg
10 viewsAntonivs Protti
CONSTANTIUS_II_AE_3_18mm_2_28gr__USS6_39.jpg
15 viewsAntonivs Protti
Constantius,_Feltempreparation.JPG
42 viewsAntonivs Protti
Constantius_II_AE.JPG
10 viewsAntonivs Protti
Constantius_VOT.JPG
8 viewsAntonivs Protti
Constantius_II,_FEL_TEMP_REPARATIO,_fallen_horseman,_Cyzicus~0.JPG
15 viewsAntonivs Protti
CONSTANTIUS_II_AE_3__15mm_2_69gr__USS_3_99~0.JPG
9 viewsAntonivs Protti
CONSTANTIUS_GALLUS_AE_3_,_AS_FOUND_15mm_2_23__USS_4_79~0.JPG
10 viewsAntonivs Protti
constantius_II,_constantinopla.JPG
9 viewsAntonivs Protti
constantius_II_constantinopla.JPG
10 viewsAntonivs Protti
constantius_II_.JPG
13 viewsAntonivs Protti
constantius_II__ae_ae.JPG
15 viewsAntonivs Protti
rjb_fol4_01_09.jpg
"Boulogne" (VI) 17a42 viewsConstantius I as Caesar 293-305 AD
AE Follis
Obv: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate bust right
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
-/-//-
Uncertain continental mint (Boulogne?) operating around the time of the British invasion
RIC (VI) Lyon 17a
mauseus
rjb_ge_25_12_06.jpg
64 Trier38 viewsConstantius II
LRBC I 64
RIC VII 540
mauseus
constantius169a.jpg
Constantius I Chloris, RIC 169a, Siscia, 305-306 CE21 viewsConstantius I Chloris as Augustus, ¼ follis
Obverse: CONSTANTIVS AVG, laureate bust right.
Reverse: GENIO POP VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, nude with chlamys over shoulder and modius on head, patera in right hand and cornucopia in left hand.
Mintmark SIS Siscia mint RIC VI 169a.
18.9 mm., 1.8 g.
NORMAN K
constantius84.jpg
Constantius II RIC VIII 84 Nicomedia25 viewsSilvered AE 22
Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG: pearl diademed, draped bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, wears cap, reaching backwards.
Dot SMNA gamma ex. Gamma in left field.
RIC VIII 84 Nicomedia. 21.81 mm., 4.8 g.
sold 4-2018
NORMAN K
c93a.jpg
Constantius II RIC VIII 93a Cyzicus26 viewsConstantius II, AE 3 of Cyzicus, 324-361 CE
Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, curiassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching backwards. Γ Symbol in left field
Mintmark SMK delta, 22.8 mm., 5.2 g.
NORMAN K
constantiusii91e.jpg
Constantius II, RIC 91E siscia18 viewsConstantius II AE 3
Obverse: CONSTANTI-VS PF AVG, rosette diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears in one hand and resting the other hand on shield with one standard between them.
episilon SIS crescent, Siscia mint, 16.75 mm., 1.9 g.
NORMAN K
CONSTANTIUS_II_189.jpg
CONSTANTIUS II, RIC VIII 189d Thessalonica39 viewsObverse: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG. Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Soldier spearing fallen horseman who is bare headed and reaching backwards. Delta in left field.
SMTS in ex. Thessalonica 17.1 mm diam. 2.6 g.
1 commentsNORMAN K
mon1s.jpg
Constantius II, RIC VIII Cyzicus 93A 20 viewsObv: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev: FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet and is reaching backwards. Γ symbol in left field
Mintmark: SMK Delta
AE2 23mm., 5.2 g. Cyzicus
NORMAN K
constantiusII369.jpg
Constantius II, Siscia RIC VIII 36919 viewsConstantius II, AE 3 of Siscia
Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, curiassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching backwards, M in left field.
Mintmark SIS, Siscia, 16 mm,1.9 g.
NORMAN K
Constantius_I_Lyons_167a.jpg
3 Constantius I22 viewsCONSTANTIUS I
AE1 Folles, Lyons, Struck 301-301 AD
CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust l.., scepter over r. shoulder / GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genuis standing left by altarholding patera and cornucopiae, A in l. field, PLG in ex.\\\\\\\\
RIC VI Lyons 167a
Sosius
Constantius_I_RIC_Cyzicus_19a.jpg
3 Constantius I22 viewsCONSTANTIUS I
AE light fraction, 295-299 AD

FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, RDC bust r, / CONCORDIA MI-LITVM, Emperor receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, KB between, no mintmark

RIC VI Cyzicus 19A Scarce
Sosius
Constantius_I_Siscia_42.jpg
3 Constantius I (Posthumous)28 viewsCONSTANTIUS I
Half Follis, Siscia Mint
By Constantine I, 317-318 AD

DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINCIPI, Veiled laureate bust r. / REQVIES OPTIMOR-VM MERITORVM, Constantius seated, raising right hand and holding scepter, SIS in ex.

Siscia RIC VII Siscia 42 (R3); F/VF
Sosius
Theodora_Trier_RIC_56.jpg
3.5 Theodora20 viewsTHEODORA
Second wife of Constantius I
AE4, Trier Mint, 337-340 AD

O: FL MAX THEO-DORAE AVG, bust r. / PIETAS-ROMANA, Pietas standing facing, TRP dot in ex.

RIC VIII Trier 56
Sosius
rjb_ge_22_12_06.jpg
354 Arles24 viewsConstantius II
LRBC I 354
RIC VII 347
mauseus
rjb_ge_24_12_06.jpg
354 Arles27 viewsConstantius II
LRBC I 354
RIC VII 347
mauseus
rjb_ge_23_12_06.jpg
370 Arles29 viewsConstantius II
LRBC I 370
RIC VII 367
mauseus
rjb_ge_26_12_06.jpg
534 Rome20 viewsConstantius II
LRBC I 534
RIC VII 329
mauseus
Constantius_II_RIC_60.jpg
73 Constantius II 14 viewsConstantius II. As Caesar, A.D. 324-337. AE 3 (17.98 mm, 2.16 g, 5 h). Arles, A.D. 324-325. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left / CONSTAN/TIVS/ CAESAR, in three lines; star above; SMANTA/• below. RIC 60; LRBC 1327. VF, red highlights. Ex Agora Auctions 74Sosius
_arles_RIC_VII_347_2.jpg
73 Constantius II, Arles RIC VII 342v (added to wildwinds)22 viewsConstantius II
AE18, 2.2g, Arles. 330-348 AD.

FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields, standing left and right of two standards with thin poles and small badges. Star between standards. Mintmark SCONST.

RIC VII Arles 347v. Sear (2014) 17676 EF, irregular flan

Note: Coin unique due to star placement. Added to Wildwinds in May 2011
Sosius
rjb_2011_04_16.jpg
749 Siscia19 viewsConstantius II
LRBC I 749
RIC VII 237
1 commentsmauseus
c_gallus~0.jpg
CONCORDIA MILITVM, Thessalonica; RIC VIII 16750 viewsConstantius Gallus, Caesar, AE Centenionalis. Thessalonica Mint, 23mm; FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed & cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA MILITVM, Gallus standing facing, head left, holding two labara, each bearing a Chi-Rho; G-//*TSE*. LRBC 1667. Thessalonica. RIC VIII 167.Podiceps
cg53.jpg
Constantius Gallus, Sirimun RIC 5312 viewsConstantius Gallus AE3
Obverse: DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is bare-headed, bearded, reaching backwards.
Mintmark dot BSIRM dot, 18.4 mm, 2.2 g.
NORMAN K
con30abc.jpg
CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS, FOLLIS RIC 30a Aquilia, 300 CE 19 viewsObverse: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
Reverse: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Monet standing left holding scales and cornucopia.
AQT in ex., 27.92mm., 9.4 g,
NORMAN K
coin141.jpg
Constantius II Æ450 viewsAntioch RIC VIII 113 Constantius II Æ4. D N CONS
TANTIVS P F AVG, diademed head right / VOT XX
MVLT XXX in wreath, SMANT in ex. Coin #141
1 commentscars100
constantiusII113.jpg
Constantius II, Antioch RIC VIII 11316 views
Constantius II, AE 4. 347-348 CE.
Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed bust right.
Reverse: VOT XX MVLT XXX within wreath.
Mintmark SMANA, Antioch 14.6 mm, 1.2 g.
NORMAN K
constantiusII49.jpg
Constantius II, Nicomedia RIC VIII 4918 viewsConstantius II, AE 4. 347-348 CE.
Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed bust right.
Reverse: VOT XX MVLT XXX within wreath.
Mintmark SMND, Nicomedia13.2 mm, 1.4 g.
NORMAN K
sfh.jpg
Constantius II, RIC 314 T, Rome.15 viewsObverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Reverse: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman who is bare headed , reaching backwards.
Mintmark: R dot M dot T
RIC VIII Rome 314, 18.9 mm., 2.2 g
NORMAN K
aqp.jpg
Constantius II, RIC VII 145, Aquileia, 337-361 CE24 viewsObverse: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse:GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them.
Mintmark: dot AQP, Aquileia 15.5 mm., 1.6 g.
RIC VII Aquileia 145
NORMAN K
conus99a.jpg
Constantius II, RIC VIII 102 Thessalonica, 347-348 CE20 viewsObverse: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Laureate and Rosette-Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: VICTORIAE DD AVGG Q NN, two Victories standing facing each other, each holding wreath and palm.Palm branch upright in center.
Exe: SMTS epsilon. 16.6 mm., 1.0 g.
RIC VIII Thessalonica 102, rated scarce.
NORMAN K
1224vot2.jpg
Constantius II, RIC VIII 69 Constantinople, 347-348 CE.14 viewsObverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, rosette-diademed head, right.
Reverse: VOT XX MVLT XXX in four lines within wreath.
Mintmark: CONS Constantinople, 14 mm., 1.1 g.
NORMAN K
c93.jpg
Constantius II, Siscia RIC VIII 369g, 324-361 CE16 viewsConstantius II, AE 3 of Siscia
Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, curiassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching backwards.
Mintmark gamma SIS reversed Z, Siscia, 19.08 mm, 2.1 g.
NORMAN K
Green Fel Temp Obverse and Reverse.jpg
Green Constantius II 337-361 A.D.23 viewsDiademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed, bust of Constantius II facing right. Obverse inscription reades DNCONSTANTIVSPFAVG. Reverse is of a standing soldier facing right and spearing a falling horseman. Reverse inscription reads FELTEMPREPARATIO.cwonsidler
c_chlorus_genio_a.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I (CHLORUS)30 views293-305 (as Caesar)
305-306 AD
AE 27 mm 8.45 g
O: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES laureate head right
R: GENIO POPVL ROMANI Genius standing left holding patera & cornucopia; ANT in exe
Antioch
laney
constantius_i_africa.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS50 views293 - 305 AD (As Caesar)
struck 297 - 298 AD
AE 28.5 mm, 6.96 g
O: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right
R: FELIX ADVENT AVGG NN, Africa standing left holding scepter and elephant tusk, lion over bull at feet on left, H in left field
PKT in exe
Carthage
laney
constantius_chlorus_vot_xx.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS31 views293 - 305 AD (as Caesar)
AE 19.5 mm max. 2.22 g
O: FL V[AL CONST]ANTIVS NOB C, Radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: VOT Dot XX within wreath
laney
C_CHLORUS_GENIO_RES.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS44 views293 - 305 AD
AE FOLLIS 26.5 mm 8.0 g
O: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
LAUR CUIR BUST R
R: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI,
Genius standing l., modius on head, naked but for chlamys over l. shoulder, r. holding patera, l. cornucopiae; R in left field
GAMMA IN EXE.
ROME RIC 67a SCARCE
laney
constantius_chlorus_vot_theta.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS31 views293 - 305 AD (as Caesar)
AE 20 mm 3.62 g
O: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust r.,
R: VOT/XX/ Θ, within wreath
RIC VI 88a Rome
laney
con_chlor_2_blk_b.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS25 views293 - 306 AD
Struck 293-294 AD
AE silvered ant., 22 mm, 3.81 g
O: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C radiate, draped cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM Constantius standing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, "A" (Officina A) between, XXI in exe.
Cyzicus
Sear RCV IV #13982 ref: Hunter iv, p. cxciv. RIC v, ii, p. 302, 672 var ( C for CAES).
laney
constantius_chlorus_genio_res.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS (as Caesar)31 views293-305 AD
AE FOLLIS 26 x 28.5 mm 7.45 g
Obv. CONSTANTIVS NOBIL C, Laureate head r.
Rev. GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing l., modius on head, naked but for chlamys over l. shoulder, r. holding patera, l. cornucopiae; B/STAR in fields, TR in exergue.
Treveri (Trier)

laney
const_chlor_post.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS (POSTHUMOUS)31 viewsAugustus: 305 - 306 AD
struck ca.
AE Fractional 15.5 mm 1.73 g
O: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINCIPI , laureate veiled bust right
R: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM , Constantius I seated left on curule chair
Dot TS Dot B Dot in exe
Thessalonica
RIC VII 25 a
Note: unlisted in RIC, which does not include officinae B (or A or D; the listed officinae are Rare (R5)
laney
theodora.jpg
(0293) THEODORA23 views(2nd wife of Constantius I)
Posthumous, Struck 337- 340 AD
AE 13 mm 1.54 g
O: Mantled bust right
R: Pietas standing facing, head right, holding infant to breast; •TRP in exe.
Trier
RIC VIII 48
laney
csts_ii_ft_rome_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II30 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm, 2.08 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman
Rome mint
laney
CONSTANTIUS_A.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II67 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 MM
O: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG; BUST R
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO; SOLDIER SPEARING FALLEN HORSEMAN REACHING BACK, D IN LEFT FIELD; SCON IN EXE
ARLES MINT
laney
constantius_horseman_08_22_10.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II85 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
Struck 350 - 355 AD
AE 25 mm 5.05 g
O: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, diad dr cuir bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who turns face soldier and extends l. arm; Gamma in left field.
ANAI in exe.
Antiochia ANA I = Antiochia 10th officina
RIC VIII, ANTIOCHIA 132, LRBC 2625
2 commentslaney
constantius_ii_ftr_anb.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II51 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
Struck 347 - 355 AD
AE 20 mm max. 4.59 g
O: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, diad dr cuir bust r, D behind
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier speAring fallen horseman reaching back
ANB IN EXE
ANTIOCH
laney
constantius_ii_ftr_A.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II56 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 22 mm 5.03 g
O: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, diad dr cuir bust r
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing helmeted fallen horseman who is sitting on ground reaching out, A in left field
1 commentslaney
constantius_al_s.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II53 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
337 - 361 AD
CONSTANTIUS II
AE 21 mm 4.02 g
O: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, diad dr cuir bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who clutches horse's neck; DOT S Dot in left field; star to left of soldier
ALEXANDRIA
laney
CONSTANTIIUS_II_10.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II58 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
337 - 361 AD
AE 18 mm 2.30 g
Obv: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen
horseman who is bare-headed, bearded, reaching backwards.
mintmark CONSIA
Constantinople
1 commentslaney
cssts_ii_ft_consa_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II27 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm max., 2.97 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; Dot to left of soldier; CONSA in exe.
Constantinople mint
laney
csta_ii_vot_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II25 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
Obv: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed head
Rev: VOT XX MVLT XXX in four lines within wreath; SMHB in exe
RIC VIII Heraclea 45, rated Scarce.
laney
csts_ii_ft_scon_m_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II17 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16.5 mm, 2.21 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; M to left of soldier; SCON in exe.
Arles mint
laney
csts_ii_ft_g_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II30 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 21 mm, 4.30 g
O: Diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: Soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman;
Antioch mint
1 commentslaney
csts_ii_ft_cons_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II16 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 15.6 mm, 2.28 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; E in left field; CONSB in exe.
Constantinople mint
laney
csts_ii_ft_bsirm_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II26 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18.5 mm max., 2.02 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; BSIRM in exe.
Sirmium mint
laney
CONSTANTIUS_II_SEC_RES.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II25 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
337 - 361 AD
AE 14 mm 1.00 g
O: D N FL CONST-ANTIVS AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: SECVRI-TAS REIP, Securitas standing half-right, legs crossed, leaning on column, scepter in right, R leaf S in ex
Rome mint RIC VIII 9(c); VM75 Rare


laney
CONSTANTIUS_CAPTIVES_FEL_RES_B.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II32 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 22 mm 4.58 g
O: DN CONSTAN TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left, holding globe in right hand.
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor in military standing left, holding labarum and resting left hand on shield; two captives in front of Emperor
ANA in exe
Antioch Mint, RIC VIII 125
laney
constantius_ii_fel_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II20 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
laney
constantius_ii_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II27 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
337 - 361 AD
AE 22 mm 5.03 g
O: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, diad. dr. cuir. bust right, B behind
R: FEL TEMP [REPARA]TIO soldier spearing fallen horseman. ?wreath? in exe
Rome mint
laney
constantius_ii_ft_ale_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II13 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18 mm, 1.96 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman
Alexandria mint
laney
constantius_ii_ft_dotm_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II13 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18 mm, 2.98 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; dot M in left field
laney
constantius_captives_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II40 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 21.5 mm 4.87 g
O: D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, holding globe in right hand.
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left, holding labarum and resting left hand on shield; two captives kneeling before; ANA in exe
Antioch mint; RIC VIII 125
laney
constantius_ii_res~0.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II24 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm, 4.95 g
O: DN CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left holding shield and spearing a fallen horseman; S in left field
Antioch
laney
costantius_consh.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II20 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
Struck 348 - 351 AD
AE Centenionalis 23 mm, 5.07 g
O: D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, G left, CONSA* in exergue.
Constantinople Mint
laney
constantius_smha_blk.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II28 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
Struck 351 - 355 AD
Ae Centenionalis 22 mm, 5.09 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG - Diademed (pearl-diadem), draped and cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO - Soldier spearing fallen horseman left; SMHA in exergue with Γ in upper left field.
Heraclea mint; SR-4003v (4th ed), RIC VIII 82
laney
constantius_ii_ft_aq_s_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II12 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18 mm, 1.96 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; II in left field; AQS in exe.
Aquileia mint
laney
constantius_ii_ft_aleg_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II19 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18 mm, 1.96 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman
Alexandria mint
laney
constantius_ii_hut_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II17 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
struck ca 348 - 361 AD
AE 20 X 21 mm 4.08 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG bust left holding globe
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO helmeted soldier walking right, with head left, leading young barbarian out of hut; tree behind.
laney
constantius_ii_victor_2_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II19 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 16 mm, 1.25 g
O: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed bust right
R: VICTORIAE D D AVGG QNN two Victories facing, holding wreaths, pellet between; SMTSA in exe
Thessalonica mint
laney
constantius_ii_victor_3_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II15 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 16 mm, 1.48 g
O: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed bust right
R: VICTORIAE D D AVGG QNN two Victories facing, holding wreaths, pellet between; SMTSE in exe
Thessalonica mint
laney
constantius_ii_victoriae_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II29 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 16 mm, 1.54 g
O: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed bust right
R: VICTORIAE D D AVGG QNN two Victories facing, holding wreaths, pellet between; dot ASIS dot in exe.
Siscia mint.
laney
constantius_ii_vot_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II20 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 15 mm, 2.31 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed head right
R: VOT XX MVLT XXX in 3 lines within wreath; SMANG in exe
Antioch mint.
laney
constantius_ii_galley_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II24 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
struck 348 - 351 AD
AE 18.5 mm 1.97 g
O: CONSTANTIVS PF AVG bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO Constantius on galley , left, holding phoenix on globe, and holding chi rho banner; Victory in stern. TESC in exe.
Thessalonica
laney
constantius_ii_phoenix_globe_RES.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II26 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 17 mm 2.44 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO radiate phoenix on globe; SMHG in exe.
Heraclea mint
laney
constantius_ii_ft_con_m_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II17 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm 2.14 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; M in left field
Arles mint
laney
constantius_ii_ft_star_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II14 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16 mm
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman
Rome mint
laney
constantius_ii_ft_fpls_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II36 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
19 mm 2.71 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; FPLG in exe.
RIC 184 (scarce to rare)
Lyons mint
2 commentslaney
constantius_ii_fel_s_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II19 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
17 mm 4.95 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMPO REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; S in left field
laney
c_ii_ft_sir_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II23 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm 2.31 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier spearing fallen horseman; "M" in left field
Sirmium mint
laney
c_ii_ft_smtsres.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II29 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18.5 mm, 2.92 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO SOLDIER SPEARING FALLEN HORSEMAN, G to left of spear; SMTS in exe.
Thessalonica mint
laney
c_ii_ge_cae_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II25 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm 1.46 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C diadamed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS 2 soldiers facing single standard
laney
c_ii_ge_hml_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II28 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16 mm, 1.09 g
O: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS 2 soldiers facing single standard between them; C within standard
laney
c_ii_ge_dot_sm_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II20 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm 1.58 g
Obv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: dot GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, 2 soldiers with 2 standards between them, o on banners.
dot SMHA dot in exe
cf RIC VII Heraclea 133 var, R2
laney
c_ii_ge_conssdotres.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II23 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 19 mm, 2.20 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laureate draped cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS 2 soldiers on either side of 2 standards; CONSSdot in exe
Constantinople
RIC VII 75
laney
c_ii_ge_consi_caes_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II20 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm 1.93 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C bust right
R: 2 soldiers with 2 standards between; CONSIdot in exe.
Constantinople mint
laney
c_ii_ft_smna_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II20 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm 2.57 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG bust right
R: FEL TEMPO REPARATIO soldier spearing fallen horseman; G in left field; SMHA in exe
Heraclea
cf RIC VIII 82
laney
c_ii_ft_cri_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II15 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
22 mm; 4.53 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier spearing fallen horseman; G to left of spear and dot to right of spear
Constantinople mint
laney
c_ii_ft_sconres.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II20 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18.5 mm max. 1.96 g
O: D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, helmeted soldier to left, shield on left arm, spearing fallen horseman who is wearing Phrygian helmet, turning to face soldier and extending right arm.
D in left field; SCON in exe.
Arles mint; cf RIC VIII Arles 215
laney
c_ii_f_t_consi_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II16 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 X 19 mm, 3.21 g
22 mm; 4.53 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier spearing fallen horseman; CONSI in exe.
Constantinople mint
laney
csts_ii_ft_rome_leaf_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II14 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18 mm, 1.96 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman
RP branch in exe.
Rome mint
laney
csts_ii_ft_gsis_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II16 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
laney
csts_ii_ft_bsis_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II15 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18.5 mm, 3.04g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; BSIS in exe
Siscia mint
laney
csts_ii_phoenix_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II15 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm, 2.23 g
O: bust right
R: radiate phoenix on globe
Constantinople mint
laney
csts_ii_gaye_smanth_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II16 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18 mm 3.13 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laureate draped cuirassed bust right
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS campgate with 2 turrets, star above; SMANTH in exe
Antioch mint
RIC 66 (VII); Officina H=8 (rare)
laney
csts_ii_ft_smts_e_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II16 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm, 2.04 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; E in left field; SMTS in exe.
Thessalonica mint
laney
csts_ii_ft_sm_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II18 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm, 2.57 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman
laney
csts_ii_ft_scon_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II20 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5mm 1.89 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; SCON in exe.
Arles mint
laney
csts_tt_ft_smts_d_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II16 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 15 X 17.5 mm, 2.24 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; D in left field; SMTS in exe.
Thessalonica mint
laney
csts_ii_ge_bsis_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II22 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm 1.55 g
O: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS two soldiers facing single chi-rho standard; BSIS in exe
Siscia mint
laney
csts_ii_ge_cons_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II21 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 15.28 mm, 1.21 g
O: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed head right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS two soldiers facing single standard,"o" on banners;
Constantinople mint
laney
csts_ii_ft_sisd_n_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II18 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5mm 2.45 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; M in left field; GSISD in exe.
RIC VIII Siscia 372
Siscia mint
laney
csts_ii_ft_smts_d_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II18 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 19 mm 2.05 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; D in left field; SMTS in exe.
Thessalonica mint
laney
csts_ii_vict_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II27 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)AE 15 mm, 1.47 g
O: CONSTANTI-VS PF AVG laurel + rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN two Victories standing facing each other, each holding wreath & palm; pellet/NA" in center
Exerge: PARL
RIC VIII Arles 78
laney
cst_2_horseman_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II17 views337- 361 AD
AE 17 X 18 mm; 2.23 g
O: DN CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman
laney
cst_2_glor_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II23 views337 - 361 AD
AE 18 mm; 2.60 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, cuirassed bust right.
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them; O on banners.
Mintmark: dot SMKB (unlisted officina).
Cyzicus mint
laney
consta_II_glor_ex_smhg_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II15 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16 mm; 1.31 g
O: CONSTAN-TIVS AVG Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS Two helmeted soldiers standing facing, single standard between; SMHG in exe
Heraclea mint; RIC VIII 19

laney
csts_2_vot.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II15 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 16mm, 2.10 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed head right
R: VOT XX dot MVLT XXX in 3 lines within wreath; CONSG star in exe.
Constantinople mint; RIC VIII 76 (Gamma) rated Scarce
laney
constantius_ii_caes_blk.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)62 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16 mm, 2.44 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them, dot on banners; SMANH in exe
Antioch mint, RIC VII 88.
1 commentslaney
constantius_ii_ge_smanh_rnd.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)119 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm 2.41 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
LAUR DR CUIR BUST R
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS
2 SOLDIERS STANDING FACING, HOLDING SPEARS AND RESTING HAND ON SHIELD, WITH 2 STANDARDS BETWEEN
SMANH IN EXE
ANTIOCH
RIC VII 88
8 commentslaney
constantius_smanz_blk.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)47 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE Follis 17 mm, 2.54 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing holding spears, shields, and two military standards between them, SMANZ in ex..
Antiochia mint, RIC VII, 88.
laney
constantius_ii_cg_5_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)14 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 19 X 21 mm, 2.76 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C diademed bust left
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS campgate with 6 rows, no dor; 2 turrets and star above; SMKA pellet in exe.
Cyzicus mint
laney
constantius_ii_cg_l_1_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)31 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 19.5 mm 2.62 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laureate draped bust left
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS campgate with 6 rows, 2 turrets, star above, pellet over doorway.
Trier mint

laney
constantius_ii_cg_r_1_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)13 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 18.5 mm 3.11 g
O: CONSTANTIVS NOB C bust right
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAE SS campgate, 7 rows with dots in top row; 2 turrets, no door, star above
laney
constantius_cg_r_6_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)16 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 18 mm, 1.81 g
O: F L IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Camp gate with two turrets, star between; 6 rows with pellets in top row; SMTSB in ex
Thessalonica mint
laney
constsantius_ii_ge_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)14 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm 2.48 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right.
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them, dot between standards
laney
constantius_ii_ge_smkb_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)17 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm 2.91 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right.
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them. O on banners.
dot SMKB in exe.(unlisted officina).
RIC VII Cyzicus 100 var (officina), rare.
laney
FAUSTA.jpg
(0324) FAUSTA57 views(2nd wife of Constantine I; daughter of Maximian; mother of emperors Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans)
324 - 326 AD
AE 20.7 mm 2.86 g
O: FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG
DR BUST R, HAIR WAVED WITH BUN AT TACK, WEARING PEARL NECKLACE
R: SPES REIPVBLICAE
FAUSTA STANDING FACING, LOOKING L, HOLDING INFANTS CONSTANTINE II AND CONSTANTIUS II
SMK DELTA(?) IN EXE
RIC 50 SCARCE
laney
csts2fel.jpg
(0337) CONSTANTIUS II16 views337 - 361 AD
AE 17.5 mm; 1.92 g
O: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen Phyrgian horseman who is reaching back' SMNG in exe.
Nicomedia mint
laney
csts_2_fel.jpg
(0337) CONSTANTIUS II18 views337 - 361 AD
AE 18 mm; 2.63 g
O: D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP - REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, pellet center; CONSB in exe
Constantinople mint
laney
c_gallus_fel.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS15 views351 - 354 AD
AE 16 mm; 2.50 g
Obv: DNFLCLCONSTANTIVSNOBCEAS Bareheaded, draped and cuirassed bust of emperor, right.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO Helmeted soldier to left, shield on left arm , spearing falling horseman
laney
CONSTANTIUS_GALLUS.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS37 viewsCAESAR 351 - 354 AD
AE 18x19 mm 2.18 g
O: DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOBC
BARE HEADED DR CUIR BUST R
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO
SOLDIER SPEARING FALLEN HORSEMAN REACHING BACK
ASIS IN EXE
SISCIA RIC 351
laney
CONS_GALLUS_RES.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS27 viewsCAESAR 351 - 354 AD
AE 20 mm 3.72 g
O: D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare head right, B behind
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, G in left field
R wreath S in exe
Rome Mint, RIC VIII, 258
laney
con_gallus_asis.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS20 views351 - 354 AD (Caesar)
AE 18 mm, 2.15 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, horseman's shield on ground at right. ASIS in ex;
Siscia Mint; RIC 351
laney
con_gallus_asis_blk.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS23 viewsCAESAR 351 - 354 AD
AE 18 mm; 2.15 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, horseman's shield on ground at right; ASIS in exe
Siscia Mint
RIC VIII 351
laney
con_gall_fel_2_res.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS14 views351 - 354 AD
AE 18 mm 2.33 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C bare-headed draped bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier spearing fallen horseman; ASIS in exe.
Siscia mint
laney
con_gall_fel_d_s_res.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS14 views351- 354 AD
AE 18 X 19.5 mm 4.43 g
O: Bare-headed draped cuirassed bust right; D behind bust
R: Soldier spearing fallen horseman; S to left of spear
laney
con_gal_fel_A_res.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS14 views351 - 354 AD
AE 20 X 22.5 mm 4.36 g
O: bare-headed draped cuirassed bust right; A behind bust
R: soldier spearing fallen horseman
laney
con_gallus_fel_1_res.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS20 views351 - 354 AD
AE 17 mm 1.78 g
O: CONSTANTIVS NOB C bare-headed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier spearing fallen horseman
Thessalonica mint
laney
con_gallus_fel.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS15 views351 - 354 AD
AE 18.5 max., 2.5 g
O:DN CONSTAN-TIVS NOB C, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman
Heraclea mint
laney
c_g_smts.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS18 views351-354 AD
AE 18 mm; 2.29 g
O: DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES, Cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman to left, ε in left field, SMTS in exergue
Thessalonica mint
laney
c_gallus_horseman2_09_03_res.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS15 views351 - 354 AD
AE 18 mm max; 3.75 g
O: Bare-headed draped bust right
R: Soldier spearing fallen horseman
laney
c_gallus_horseman_09_03_2014res.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS17 views351 - 354 AD
AE 21 mm 3.45 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C bare-headed draped bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier spearing fallen horseman
laney
cons_gall_fel_b.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS26 viewsCAESAR 351 - 354 AD
AE 15.5 x 17.5 mm; 2.44 g
O: D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare head right, B behind
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman; pellet center
laney
c_gallus_horse_smna.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS20 views351 - 354 AD
AE17 X 19 mm; 4.00 g
Obv: DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CEAS Bareheaded, draped and cuirassed bust of emperor, right.
Rev: FEL TEMP RE PARATIO Helmeted soldier to left, shield on left arm , spearing falling horseman; SMNA in exe.
Nicomedia mint
laney
rjb_lon_30_05_06.jpg
(VI) 1454 viewsConstantius I
FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 14
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_lon10_05_06.jpg
(VI) 1621 viewsConstantius I
CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 16
mauseus
rjb_06_07_09.jpg
(VI) 37a14 viewsConstantius I
CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 37a
mauseus
rjb_2011_04_13.jpg
(VII)29836 viewsConstantius II
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate and cuirassed bust left
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
Camp gate with two turrets, star between
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 298
2 commentsmauseus
Constantius_II.jpg
*SOLD*83 viewsConstantius II AE2

Attribution: RIC VIII 67, Nicomedia
Date: AD 348-351
Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped,
cuirassed bust l., holding globe
Reverse: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor standing l., holding labarum in r. hand,
resting l. hand on shield; two bound captives kneeling before him, SMNA in exergue
Size: 21 mm
Weight: 4.04 grams
6 commentsNoah
Constantius_I_Chlorus.jpg
*SOLD*18 viewsConstantius I Chlorus AE follis

Attribution: RIC VI 213a, Trier
Date: AD 296-297
Obverse: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head r.
Reverse: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius stg. l. holding patera and cornucopiae, “A” in
l. field, Γ in r. field, TR in exergue
Size: 25 mm
Weight: 8.4 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
IMG_4551.jpg
0 Constantius II (Gaming Token?)38 viewsConstantius II, AE3, 22mm, Rome mint. DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, holding globe, N behind bust / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor nimbate and in military dress, with shield on left arm, on horseback galloping right, thrusting his spear at two barbarians wearing Phrygian helmets, who kneel before him with their arms raised towards him. N in right field. Mintmark R dot S. RIC VIII Rome 184 var (unlisted officina, RIC lists only officina T for this "R dot.. officina" issue.)4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Constantius.jpg
002 - Constantius II (as Caesar 324-337 AD), AE 3 - RIC 38D34 viewsObv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
Rev: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, campgate with two turrets, star above.
Minted in Cyzicus (SMKdelta in exe), officina 4, 325-326 AD.
pierre_p77
a45.JPG
004. Constantius II FEL TEMP Siscia21 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG PDC
FEL TEMP-REPARATIO
gamma SIS zigzag
Siscia 361 16-18 mm C3
ecoli
z10~0.JPG
004. Constantius II Vota Cyzicus19 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
Vot XX MVLT XXX
RIC VIII Cyzicus 48 C
ecoli
coins78.JPG
004. Constantius II Arles Two Victories20 viewsRIC VIII Arles 72 C2
ecoli
p1.JPG
004. Constantius II Constantinople GLORIA EXERCITVS28 viewsRIC VII Constantinople 75 R2
ecoli
a62.JPG
004. Constantius II Cyzicus FEL TEMP22 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG PDC
FEL TEMP-REPARATIO
SMKS
Cyzicus Cyzikus 104
ecoli
w7~0.JPG
004. Constantius II Cyzicus GLORIA EXERCITVS21 viewsRIC VII Cyzicus 69 R3
ecoli
coin516.JPG
004. Constantius II Cyzicus Vota5 viewsRIC VIII Cyzicus 47 R

ecoli
coin254~0.JPG
004. Constantius II Cyzikus Fel Temp11 viewsCyzikus 96 C2

ecoli
coin260~0.JPG
004. Constantius II Cyzikus Fel Temp11 viewsCyzikus 104

ecoli
t31~0.JPG
004. Constantius II Fel Temp Heraclea 20 viewsHeraclea 90
ecoli
coin302.JPG
004. CONSTANTIUS II Fel Temp Cyzikus10 viewsCyzikus 92 C2ecoli
p18.JPG
004. Constantius II Fel Temp Thessalonica 15 viewsThessalonica 208b
ecoli
t49.JPG
004. Constantius II GLORIA EXERCITVS Thessalonica 33 viewsFL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
GLORI-A EXER-CITVS

RIC VII Thessalonica 200 R4
ecoli
p23.JPG
004. Constantius II Heraclea GLORIA EXERCITVS39 viewsRIC VII Heraclea 113
ecoli
ss21.JPG
004. Constantius II Heraclea GLORIA EXERCITVS23 viewsRIC VII Heraclea 118 dot SMHA R2
ecoli
ss9~0.JPG
004. Constantius II Nicomedia FEL TEMP16 viewsNicomedia 104 C3
ecoli
coin248~0.JPG
004. CONSTANTIUS II Nicomedia Fel Temp9 viewsNicomedia 104 C3
ecoli
a80.JPG
004. Constantius II Nicomedia Vota29 viewsConstantius II
FL IVL CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
VOT XX MVLT XXX
dot SMN theta dot
RIC VIII Nicomedia 55

ecoli
coin263~0.JPG
004. Constantius II Rome Fel Temp 10 viewsRome 266 C

ecoli
coin519.JPG
004. Constantius II Rome Fel Temp10 viewsRome 267 R
ecoli
coin247~0.JPG
004. Constantius II Sirmium Fel Temp7 viewsSirmium 48 C2

From Uncleaned

ecoli
coin241~0.JPG
004. Constantius II Siscia Fel Temp8 viewsRIC VIII Siscia 231 c2

ecoli
p16.JPG
004. Constantius II Siscia Fel Temp16 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
PDC
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
Siscia 344 C
ecoli
coin262~0.JPG
004. Constantius II Siscia Fel Temp 5 viewsSiscia 352 C3
ecoli
t26.JPG
004. Constantius II Siscia GLORIA EXERCITVS30 viewsRIC VII Siscia 221 C3
ecoli
g32.JPG
004. Constantius II Siscia GLORIA EXERCITVS37 viewsRIC VIII Siscia 98 c
ecoli
g41.JPG
004. Constantius II Siscia Two Victories23 viewsRIC VIII Siscia 184 var C2
ecoli
s32.JPG
004. Constantius II Solders and Standards Cyzicus 25 viewsRIC VII Cyzicus 113 R4

Ex-Varangian
ecoli
coin238~0.JPG
004. Constantius II Thessalonica Fel Temp6 viewsThessalonica 208b S
ecoli
a50.JPG
004. Constantius II Thessalonica FEL TEMP24 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
FEL TEMP-REPARATIO

Thessalonica 211
ecoli
e20.JPG
004. Constantius II Thessalonica Two Victories22 viewsRIC VIII Thessalonica 99
ecoli
g28.JPG
004. Constantius II Thessalonica Two Victories24 viewsRIC VIII Thessalonica 99
ecoli
g33.JPG
004. Constantius II Thessalonica two victories35 viewsCONSTANTI-VS PF AVG
VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN


RIC VIII Thessalonica 99
ecoli
qqq11.JPG
004. Constantius II Thessalonica Two Victories21 viewsRIC VIII Thessalonica 104
ecoli
coin246~0.JPG
004. CONSTANTIUS II unknown fel temp16 views1 commentsecoli
gallus_dec.jpg
005 - Constantius Gallus (caesar 351-354 AD) AE 2 - RIC 8955 viewsObv: DN CONSTANTIVS NOB C, bare headed, draped, cuirassed bust right, delta behind head.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman.
Minted in Heraclea (S in field, SMHB in exe), second offiina.
1 commentspierre_p77
coin255~0.JPG
005. Constantius Gallus constantinople Fel Temp9 viewsUnlisted in RIC. Ric does not record any C. Gallus with field marks of B*ecoli
coin261~0.JPG
005. Constantius Gallus Cyzicus Fel Temp10 viewsCyzikus 103..

Ided by dot S dot marking and horseman type. Mint mark unknown.
ecoli
coin522.JPG
005. Constantius Gallus Fel Temp Sirmium 9 viewsSirmium 51 C2

ecoli
coin858.JPG
005. Constantius Gallus Sirmium Fel Temp6 viewsSirmium 49
ecoli
Constantio_pio.jpg
006 - Constantius "Chlorus" (struck under Constantine I, 307-337 AD), Follis - RIC 78948 viewsObv: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO, veiled, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MEMORIA FELIX, lighted and garlanded altar; on either side an eagle.

Struck in Trier (PTR in exe) autumn 307 - end of 308. Commemorative issue struck under Constantine I.
pierre_p77
Constantius_cent.jpg
008 - Constantius II (augustus 347-355 AD), AE2 - RIC 7134 viewsObv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diadem, draped and ciurassed bust left, globe in hand.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, emperor in military dress, standing left, holding standard with chi-rho on banner, left hand on chield. Two kneeling captives at feet, leaning to left. Star in field.

Minted in Nicomedia (SMNgamma), officina 3.
pierre_p77
Gallus_ae3.jpg
009 - Constantius Gallus (caesar 351-354 AD), AE 3 - RIC 10741 viewsObv: D N CONSTANTIVS NOB CS, bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman.
Minted in Cyzicus (SMKdetha in exe), officina 4.
pierre_p77
IMG_3824.jpg
01 Constantius Gallus47 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP-REPARATIO
soldier spearing Horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching,
ALEΓ in ex
Alexandria 81
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4190.jpg
01 Constantius Gallus46 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching
ALEA / Gama left
Alexandria 74
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4275.jpg
01 Constantius Gallus50 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching
ALEB / dot S dot left
Alexandria 79
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4308.jpg
01 Constantius Gallus29 viewsDN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES, Bare, bust draped and cuirassed right, Delta behind
FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing falling horseman, bare headed reaching
ALE Delata in ex
RIC Alexandria 77
Randygeki(h2)
100_6447.JPG
01 Constantius II75 viewsConstantius II AE3. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, hair in a topknot, reaching, ALEGamma in ex. Alexandria 82 var (headwear)Randygeki(h2)
cnsiifhax4.JPG
01 Constantius II113 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, Two braids, reaching
ALEΔ in ex. Γ in left field

Alexandria 72 var.
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
consIIftrfhalx121.jpg
01 Constantius II103 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, bearded, bare-headed,reaching
ALEΓ in ex. Γ in left field

Alexandria 72 var (headwear)
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2605.JPG
01 Constantius II87 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching,
ALEΓ in ex. Γ in left field

Alexandria 72 var (headwear)
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3272.JPG
01 Constantius II74 views6,31 g. 22 mm.
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, bearded, Phrygian helmet, reaching
ALEB in ex. Γ in left field

Alexandria 72 var (headwear)
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3270.JPG
01 Constantius II39 viewsConstantius II AE3. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, bare-headed, reaching. ALE Delta in ex

Alexandria 80 var (headwear/hairstyle)
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3870.jpg
01 Constantius II40 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
TEMP-REPARATIO , soldier spearing fallen horseman, bare head, reaching (headwear/hairstyle not in RIC)
ALEA / M in left field
Alexandria 84
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3894.jpg
01 Constantius II49 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, Delta behind.
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, bare-headed, reaching,
ALEΓ in ex.
Alexandria 75 var (headwear)
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3999.jpg
01 Constantius II86 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching,
ALEA in ex. Γ in left field

Alexandria 72 var (headwear)

From the E.E. Clain-Stefanelli collection.
8 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4417.jpg
01 Constantius II30 viewsConstantius II AE3. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, hair straight up, reaching, ALEA in ex. Alexandria 822 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_5447.jpg
01 Constantius II32 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, bearded,, reaching,
ALEΓ in ex. Γ in left field

Alexandria 72
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
01-Constantine-II-Sis-95.jpg
01. Constantine II / 2 soldiers and standard.58 viewsAE 4, 337 - 341, Siscia mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG / Diademed bust of Constantine II.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS / Two soldiers, each holding spear and shield, one standard between them. Christogram on standard.
Mint mark: ASIS (crescent and dot)
1.70 gm., 15 mm.
RIC #95; LRBC #770; Sear #17432.

Several mints used the title MAX for all three sons of Constantine the Great for a short time after his death. It's use on coins of Constantius II and Constans was quickly dropped, and P F (Pius Felix) was used instead, reserving MAX for the senior emperor (Constantine II).
Callimachus
01-Constantius-I-Lon-110.jpg
01. Constantius I: London.18 viewsFollis, late 307 - 310, London mint.
Obverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO / Laureate and veiled bust of Constantius I.
Reverse: MEMORIA FELIX / Lighted and garlanded altar with eagle on each side.
Mint mark: PLN
6.64 gm., 24 mm.
RIC #110; PBCC #19; Sear #16419.
Callimachus
0154.jpg
0154 - Nummus Constantius II 324-5 AC33 viewsObv/ FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate and draped bust of C. l.
Rev/ PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, camp gate with two turrets, star above; PLON in ex.

AE, 19.0 mm, 3.13 g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VII/298 [C1]
ex-CNG, auction e261, lot 315
dafnis
antioch12a.jpg
019 Constantius II14 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMANTH
hill132
0195.jpg
0195 - Nummus Constantius I 300-03 AC61 viewsObv/ FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate and cuirassed bust of C. r.
Rev/ GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius of the Roman People standing l., holding patera and cornucopia.

AE, 28 mm, 10.41 g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VI/20 [R]
ex-vAuctions (Triskeles), auction 313, lot 354.
dafnis
006.JPG
02 Constantius II93 viewsConstantius II AE22. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right; A behind bust / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing Hair straight up horseman who is reaching backwards, AMB in ex.
Amiens 48

Randygeki(h2)
IMG_2786.JPG
02 Constantius II70 viewsConstantius II
21.4mm, 2.98g, Die Axis 180o
D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right; / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing [Hair straight ?] up horseman who is reaching backwards, AMB in ex.
Amiens 46
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3935.jpg
02 Constantius II29 viewsConstantius II
D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right; A behind bust / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing Hair straight up horseman who is reaching backwards, AMB in ex.
Amiens 48
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
02-Claudius-II-The-26.jpg
02. Claudius II: Thessalonica fractional.19 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Thessalonica mint.
Obverse: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP / Veiled bust of Claudius II, Gothicus.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark:: . TS . Γ .
1.35 gm., 16 mm.
RIC #26; PBCC #906; Sear #16399.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
02-Constantius-II-Sis-086.jpg
02. Constantius II / 2 soldiers and standard.37 viewsAE 4, 337 - 341, Siscia mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG / Diademed bust of Constantius II.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS / Two soldiers, each holding spear and shield, one standard between them. Christogram on standard.
Mint mark: ΓSIS
1.72 gm., 16 mm.
RIC #86; LRBC #780; Sear #17990.
Callimachus
antioch16.jpg
023 Constantius II26 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur.drp.cuir.bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMANT(H=eta=8)
1 commentshill132
antioch17.jpg
024 Constantius II8 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMANTdelta
hill132
antioch19.jpg
026 Constantius II14 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrets star above
ex: SMANTH
hill132
IMG_3185.JPG
03 Constantius Gallus38 viewsDN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right,
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, ANBI in ex
Antioch 134
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
019.JPG
03 Constantius II104 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Bronze AE 2, desert patina, mint: Antioch, obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, ANBI in ex Antioch 132

ex DS
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
014_(1).JPG
03 Constantius II93 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Bronze AE 3, condition: VF, red desert patina, mint: Antioch, weight: 2.393g, maximum diameter: 15.2mm, die axis: 0o, date struck: 355 - 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, AN Epsilon in ex RIC 187A
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
002~6.JPG
03 Constantius II60 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Bronze AE 3
obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, clutching, ANB
Antioch 188

Found in Israel
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3441.jpg
03 Constantius II19 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, hair in braids, clutching the horse's neck. Γ in left field. Mintmark AN gamma I.
RIC VIII Antioch 135
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_2368.JPG
03 Constantius II104 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Bronze AE 2, Antioch 24 mm 5.65g
obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier,horses hoof over exerg. line

ANS in ex Antioch 132
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2405.JPG
03 Constantius II60 viewsConstantius II

Antioch, AE 2
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl and rosette diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, hair in braids, clutching the horse's neck. Γ in left field. Mintmark ANZ. RIC VIII Antioch 135 var (bust type).


Antioch
RIC VIII 135, Z var
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_2711.JPG
03 Constantius II107 viewsConstantius II

Antioch, AE 2
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, hair in braids, clutching the horse's neck. Γ in left field. Mintmark ANA.
RIC VIII Antioch 135
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2909.JPG
03 Constantius II96 viewsConstantius II
Antioch
25 mm, 5.67 g, 12 h)
obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier,horses hoof over exerg. line

ANB Antioch 122
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2937.JPG
03 Constantius II34 viewsConstantius II
AE 2, (6.1g // 21mm)
obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, AN epsilon I in ex
Antioch 132
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_2920.JPG
03 Constantius II114 viewsConstantius II
AE 2, (24mm, 5.55g, 12h)
obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, ANH in ex
Antioch 132
5 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3444.jpg
03 Constantius II44 views23mm, 4.3g
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, hair in braids, clutching the horse's neck. Γ in left field. Mintmark ANAI.
RIC VIII Antioch 135
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3041.JPG
03 Constantius II49 viewsConstantius II
AE 3
D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, clutching, ANS in ex RIC Antioch188
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3281.JPG
03 Constantius II84 viewsConstantius II

Antioch, AE 2
21mm., 4,75g.
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, hair in braids, clutching the horse's neck. Γ in left field. Mintmark ANB
RIC VIII Antioch 135
5 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3300.jpg
03 Constantius II55 viewsConstantius II
AE 2, 23mm, 5.5g
obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, ANA in ex
Antioch 132
5 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3310.jpg
03 Constantius II73 viewsConstantius II
Antioch
5,24 g / 23 mm
obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier, with spiral shield, spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier

ANZ Antioch 122
Sear 18170
5 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3362.jpg
03 Constantius II49 viewsConstantius II
AE 2, 4,75 g / 23 mm
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, hair in braids, clutching the horse's neck. Γ in left field. Mintmark AN Delta.
RIC VIII Antioch 135
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3447.jpg
03 Constantius II33 viewsConstantius II,
22x23mm, 5.8g
D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, AN epsilon in ex Antioch 132
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3469.jpg
03 Constantius II36 viewsConstantius II
Antioch, AE 2
5,00 g. 24 mm.
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, hair in braids, clutching the horse's neck. Γ in left field. Mintmark ANI.
RIC VIII Antioch 135
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3630.jpg
03 Constantius II41 viewsConstantius II
obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, ANI in ex
Antioch 132
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4196.jpg
03 Constantius II61 viewsConstantius II
Antioch
5,4 g / 24.1 mm
obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier

ANZ Antioch 122
Sear 18170
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3791.jpg
03 Constantius II29 viewsConstantius II
22mm, 5.1g.
obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, AN Delta in ex
Antioch 132
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3806.jpg
03 Constantius II28 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing Horseman, bearded, two braids, clutching
ANZ / M left
Antioch 191
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3813.jpg
03 Constantius II21 viewsConstantius II
Ae 14
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing Horseman, bearded,hair in braids, reaching
AN epsilon / M left
Antioch 190
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3880.jpg
03 Constantius II49 viewsConstantius II
AE 2, (5,39 g / 21 mm)
obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, AN Theta in ex
Antioch 132
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3931.jpg
03 Constantius II56 viewsConstantius II

DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, hair in braids, clutching the horse's neck. Γ in left field. Mintmark AN Gamma.
RIC VIII Antioch 135
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3982.jpg
03 Constantius II51 viewsConstantius II

Antioch, AE 2
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left with spiral shield, spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, clutching the horse's neck. Γ in left field. Mintmark ANZ. RIC VIII Antioch 135
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4033.jpg
03 Constantius II28 views2,34 g / 15 mm
D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, clutching, AN epsilon I
Antioch Antioch 188
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4395.jpg
03 Constantius II14 viewsConstantius II
ae 3
obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, AN Delta I in ex RIC 187A
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_4453.jpg
03 Constantius II34 viewsConstantius II
AE 2
obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, AN Delta I in ex
Antioch 132
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4443.jpg
03 Constantius II34 viewsConstantius II
AE 2
obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, ANH in ex
Antioch 132
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4461.jpg
03 Constantius II43 viewsConstantius II, AE 20mm, Antioch. DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is bearded, hair in braids, clutching horse's neck. Epsilon in left field. Mintmark ANS. RIC VIII Antioch 146.4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4588.jpg
03 Constantius II16 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left with spiral shield, spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, clutching the horse's neck. star in left field. Mintmark ANZ. RIC VIII Antioch 1231 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4783.jpg
03 Constantius II43 viewsConstantius II
Antioch
5.2 g / 24 mm
obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier

ANZ Antioch 122
Sear 18170
5 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4838.jpg
03 Constantius II29 viewsConstantius II
Antioch
23mm 4.5g

DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, hair in braids, clutching the horse's neck. ANO in ex

Not in RIC (143 variant? unpublished bust type)
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4884.jpg
03 Constantius II28 viewsConstantius II
D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, AN epsilon in ex Antioch 132
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
03-Constantius-The-25.jpg
03. Constantius I: Thessalonica fractional.21 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Thessalonica mint.
Obverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINCIPI / Veiled bust of Constantius I.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark: . T . SB .
1.78 gm., 16 mm.
RIC #25; PBCC #908; Sear unlisted.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
arles3.jpg
030 Constantius II18 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. and cuir. bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above,wide open doors
ex: SF/ARLQ
hill132
arles4.jpg
031 Constantius II15 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS laur. drp. cuir.bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above, wide open doors
ex: QA(cressent)RL
hill132
arles12.jpg
039 Constantius II9 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SF/QCONST
hill132
IMG_3433.jpg
04 Constantius Gallus32 views
DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right; A behind bust
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
bare-headed, reaching,LXXII left, wreath in center
AQP in ex
Aquileia 198
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
022.JPG
04 Constantius II94 viewsConstantius II AE3. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is bare-headed, reaching backwards; II in left field, AQP in ex.
Aquileia 212
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
540152_498248696878713_800190106_n.jpg
04 Constantius II71 viewsD N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right, A behind/ FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing falling enemy horseman, hair straight up, reaching backwards, LXXII to left, S between AQS in ex.
RIC Aquileia 193


"The reverse mark LXXII refers to the a standard of 72 coins to the pound. The gold solidus and silver light miliarense were both also struck at this c. 4.5 gram standard."
Randygeki(h2)
cniiaq112.jpg
04 Constantius II38 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, PDC, A behind/ Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up, A in left field. AQT dot in ex

Aquileia 113/147
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3634.jpg
04 Constantius II30 viewsD N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is bare-headed, reaching backwards
AQS Dot in ex

ed DS
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4198.jpg
04 Constantius II27 viewsConstantius II AE3. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is bare-headed, reaching backwards; LXXII left /Chi-Rho in centr, AQT in ex Aquileia 1951 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3760.jpg
04 Constantius II55 views23 mm , 5,17g.
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, A behind.

FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing horseman, Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up, Star in left field

AQS Dot in ex.

RIC Aquileia 153
(horseman type corrected, acc. to RIC VIII p. 548, "Addenda and Corrigenda")
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4420.jpg
04 Constantius II16 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing a horseman, Phrygian helmet, forward on ground, on hands and knees
AQS dot / star in right field
25 mm 4.38 g
Aquileia 96
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
04-Maximianus-Sis-41.jpg
04. Maximian: Siscia fractional.43 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Siscia mint.
Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP / Veiled bust of Maximian.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark: SIS
1.61 gm., 15mm.
RIC #41; PBCC #838; Sear #16412.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
arles14.jpg
041 Constantius II14 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SF/ARLQ
hill132
arles15.jpg
042 Constantius II10 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: SF/ARLP
hill132
FaustaCONSSalus.JPG
043. Fausta, wife of Constantine I. AE Follis, Constantinople mint.83 viewsAE Follis. Constantinople mint, late 326AD.

Obv.Bust of Fausta right FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG

Rev. Fausta standing holding Constantine II and Constantius II SALVS REIPVBLICAE.

RIC VII 12; LRBC 976. gVF

A very rare and interesting coin. The mint at Constantinople was only in operation for a couple of months when Fausta was executed, coins of her and Crispus from this mint are very hard to come by.
1 commentsLordBest
faustaspes~0.jpg
043. Fausta, wife of Constantine I. AE Follis, Rome mint. FDC.192 viewsAE Follis. Rome mint.

Obv.Bust of Fausta right FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG

Rev. Fausta standing holding Constantine II and Constantius II SPES REIPVBLICAE

RIC 292, S 3903, VM 6. R4.

FDC. Finest known Fausta bronze, with full mint lustre sheathed in a thin Tiber patina. ex- Tom Cederlind.
5 commentsLordBest
arles20.jpg
047 Constantius II. AE311 viewsobv:FL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: Q*AR dot
hill132
p_028.JPG
05 Constantius II95 viewsConstantius II AE3. DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, rosette and pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right. A behind bust / FEL TEMP R-EPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who wears a pointed cap, and is sitting almost on ground, facing right, arms up; soldier's knee on horse's rump. A in left field. Mintmark: PARL. RIC VIII Arles 121.


Traded
Randygeki(h2)
1558580_615393221830926_1026645490_n.jpg
05 Constantius II60 viewsTCON in ex. Arles 2203 commentsRandygeki(h2)
cii1.jpg
05 Constantius II80 viewsD N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed, A behind.
FEL TEMP - REPARATIO Soldier spearing fallen horseman,Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up, A left field, pellet right. PAR.L in ex
Arles
Not in RIC-- (similar to Alres 146, PAR dot F)
Better photo.
Ferrando 2010, no. 1127
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
ciibh1.jpg
05 Constantius II65 viewsBGN353 - Constantius II (A.D. 337-361), Pre-Magnentian Revolt, AE Centenionalis, 21mm, 5.14g., Arles mint, first officina, A.D. 348-350, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of the Emperor right, A behind head, rev., FEL TEMP REPARATIO, PARL in exergue, helmeted soldier spearing fallen horseman, A in field, (RIC 119/121-22; Bridgnorth Report #79), very fine. RIC Arles 118

Ex Bridgnorth Hoard, Shropshire, England, buried circa A.D. 355, discovered 2007.

"On October 10th, 2007 a metal detectorist discovered a large scattered hoard of late Roman coins that had been disturbed by deep plowing in a potato field near Bridgnorth, Shropshire. His subsequent actions are praised in the UK government 2007 Portable Antiquities and Treasure Annual Report, where local finds officer Peter Reavill states: “The finder is to be congratulated on the careful plotting and speedy reporting of this hoard as it enabled the excavation to take place and vital depositional information recorded. In turn, this minimised the impact to the landowner and his farming activity.” The majority of hoards that come to light are found outside of planned archaeological excavations, the original owner having selected a secluded spot to conceal his or her wealth away from human habitation, leading to loss of information on the archaeological context of the hoard. In this instance, swift action and close cooperation by the finder and the local Finds Liaison Officer led to an excavation of the findspot. The results of which showed that the hoard had been contained in a large pottery vessel (broken by the plow), most probably previously used as a cooking pot as evidenced by burns marks on the outer edges. The pot had been buried in a U-shaped gulley or ditch that formed part of an otherwise unknown late Roman site.

The hoard consisted of 2892 coins, ranging in date from a Reform Antoninianus of Probus to post Magnentian issues of Constantius II up to A.D. 355. The majority of the hoard was issues of Magnentius and Decentius (75%), followed by pre-Magnentian issues of Constantius II and Constans (18%) and closing with post Magnentian issues of Constantius II and Gallus (7%)."
Better Photo
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
cfho1.jpg
05 Constantius II67 viewsConstantius II AE3. DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, rosette and pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right. A behind bust / FEL TEMP R-EPARATIO, soldier spearing fallinghorseman w/ Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up; soldier's knee on horse's rump. A in left field. Mintmark: PARL. RIC VIII Arles 121.1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
image1_(2).JPG
05 Constantius II55 viewsConstantius II . DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, laureate rosette and pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right. A behind bust / FEL TEMP R-EPARATIO, soldier spearing fallinghorseman w/ Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up; soldier's knee on horse's rump. A in left field. Mintmark: PARL. RIC VIII Arles 122.Randygeki(h2)
csfhpar.JPG
05 Constantius II35 viewsD N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed, A behind.
FEL TEMP - REPARATIO Soldier spearing fallen horseman, Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up, A left field
PAR in ex
Arles 140 Scarce.
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_3633.jpg
05 Constantius II38 viewsD N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed, A behind.
FEL TEMP - REPARATIO Soldier spearing fallen horseman, Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up, A left field
PAR in ex
Arles 140

ex DS
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3677.jpg
05 Constantius II64 viewsConstantius II

21 mm / 5,23 gr.
D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed, A behind.
FEL TEMP R-EPARATIO Soldier spearing fallen horseman,Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up, A left field, pellet right. PAR.F in ex
Arles 148
Scarce
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3918.jpg
05 Constantius II22 viewsConstantius II

21x23mm 4.6gm

D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed, A behind.
FEL TEMP - REPARATIO Soldier spearing fallen horseman, Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up, A left field
PAR[?] in ex

It may be PAR dot F, PARF, PAR PALM. There does not seem to be enough space for PAR dot F. if PARF or Palm, then not listed in RIC
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_4469.jpg
05 Constantius II35 viewsConstantius II
Ae 18, 3.4 g
D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman who is wearing Phrygian helmet, reaching backwards, PARL in ex.

Unpublished


RH-CS0501
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4636.jpg
05 Constantius II23 viewsConstantius II . DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, laureate rosette and pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right. A behind bust / FEL TEMP R-EPARATIO, soldier spearing fallinghorseman w/ Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up; soldier's knee on horse's rump. A in left field. Mintmark: SARL. RIC VIII Arles 122.1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_5249.jpg
05 Constantius II50 viewsConstantius II. AE2. Arles. DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier standing left, one knee drawn up, about to spear falling horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet and is sitting on ground, arms raised. A in left field. Mintmark PARL
RIC Arles 103 variant?
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
arles24.jpg
051 Constantius II. AE314 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: SF/QCONST
hill132
arles25.jpg
052 Constantius II. AE325 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: QA(crescent)RL
hill132
arles29.jpg
057 Constantius II. AE315 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above, wide open doors
ex: QR(crescent)RL
hill132
024.JPG
06 Constantius Gallus137 viewsConstantius Gallus, AE3, DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, knee raised, spearing fallen horseman.
Left field: dot S dot, Star.

ex: CONS[?] Constantinople 117
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3373.jpg
06 Constantius Gallus54 viewsConstantius Gallus
A.D. 351- 354
19x21mm 3.9gm
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES; bare-headed, draped & cuirassed bust right, Delta behind bust.
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO; Soldier spearing fallen horseman, B in left field.
In ex. CONS[?]
RIC VIII Constantinople 113
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3421.jpg
06 Constantius Gallus44 viewsConstantius Gallus
24 MM. 4.61 G
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
R-EPARATIO
beared?, Phrygian helmet, clutching
CONS epsilon / Γ left / · centre
Constantinople 107
Rare (rev. break)
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4595.jpg
06 Constantius Gallus13 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
RE-PARATIO
no beard, Phrygian helmet, reaching (headwear not in RIC for this issue)
CONSH / · in centre
Constantinople 122
Randygeki(h2)
Project1~3.jpg
06 Constantius II76 viewsConstantius II AE3 of Constantinople. 351-355 AD. DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP R-EPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, who is unbearded, wearing a Phrygian helmet, clutching horse's neck. Stylized Epsilon resembling C< in left field. Mintmark CONSI (unpublished officina). RIC VIII Constantinople 115 var. 3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2483.JPG
06 Constantius II65 viewsD N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed right/ FEL TEMP R-EPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching back , Gamma left
CONSA Star in ex
RIC 82? Var. (head gear)
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2747.JPG
06 Constantius II65 viewsConstantius II
21mm 5.46g

D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed right/ FEL TEMP R-EPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet, cltuching , Gamma left
CONSA Star in ex
RIC 81
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3962.jpg
06 Constantius II34 views2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3137.JPG
06 Constantius II53 viewsD N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed right/ FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman,bearded, two braids, reaching back , Gamma left
CONS Gamma Star in ex
RIC 82 Var. (head gear)
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3688.jpg
06 Constantius II29 viewsConstantius II

D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing horseman, no beard, Phrygian helmet, clutching
CONSA / ·S· left / *
Constantinople 116
ex DS
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3690.jpg
06 Constantius II32 viewsConstantius II
D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG,
pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP R-EPARATIO
no beard, brimmed helmet?, reaching
CONSH / · in center
Constantinople 121 var
Rare (rev break)
ex DS
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3784.jpg
06 Constantius II28 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing horseman, no beard, Phrygian helmet, clutching
CONSA / Γ left /Dot center
Constantinople 106
ex thomas d walker
Some silvering (redish/copper toning)
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4353.jpg
06 Constantius II30 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, PDC/ FEL TEMP R-EPARATIO,bearded, bare-headed, reaching. CONSI

Constantinople
RIC 127.
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4414.jpg
06 Constantius II21 viewsD N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed right/ FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian? helmet, clutching , Gamma left
CONSI Star in ex
RIC 81
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4454.jpg
06 Constantius II13 views
D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
bearded, hair in a topknot, reaching
CONS Delta Dot?
Constantinople 135?
Randygeki(h2)
constantius2.jpg
062. Constantius II, 337-361AD. AE Centenionalis.74 viewsConstantius II. AE Centenionalis. Heraclea mint. 348-51CE.

Obv. Diademed, draped bust holding globe D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG.

Rev. Emperor in military dress standing left, holding standard with chi-rho on banner and resting left hand on shield, in front of Emperor are two captives standing FEL TEMP REPARATIO Exe: SMHA.

RIC VIII, 69 Scarce, 5.61g.

A beautiful bust, which it is possibly to recreate with only a bed sheet and a single Terry's Chocolate Orange
LordBest
constantiusgallus.jpg
062A. Constantius Gallus, 351-354AD. AE2.119 viewsAE2. Constantinople mint.

Obv. Bare head bust right, draped and cuirassed D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES.

Rev. Soldier spearing horseman left, down and holding neck of horse with one hand and reaching back with the other arm FEL TEMP R-EPARATIO. Exe: CONSS

RIC VIII, 120 (s) Scarce, page 458 - LRBC #2040/ 3.06 g
LordBest
067.jpg
065 CONSTANTIUS II24 viewsEMPEROR: Constantius II
DENOMINATION: Siliqua
OBVERSE: DN CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
REVERSE: VOTIS XXX MVLTIS XXXX in wreath.
EXERGUE: ANT?
DATE:
MINT: Antiochia?
WEIGHT: 1.90 g
RIC: VIII Antiochia 108?
Barnaba6
6.jpg
065a CONSTANTIUS II RIC SISCIA 20310 views EMPEROR: Constantius II
DENOMINATION: Ae3
OBVERSE: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped bust left
REVERSE: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Camp gate with 2 turrets & star
EXERGUE: ΔSIS doublecresent
MINT: SISCIA
RIC VII SISCIA 203
Barnaba6
IMG_2578.JPG
07 Constantius Gallus27 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS NOB CS, BDC, FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, no beard, Phrygian helmet, reaching. SMKB in ex

Cyzikus 107

better pic
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_2827.JPG
07 Constantius Gallus52 viewsConstantius Gallus.
23mm, 5.45g
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Bareheaded, draped and cuirassed bust right./ FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching back , Gamma left,dot SMK Gamma in ex
Cyzikus 97
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4028.jpg
07 Constantius Gallus29 viewsDN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Bareheaded, draped and cuirassed bust right./ FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching back , Gamma left,dot SMKS in ex
Cyzikus 97
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
017.JPG
07 Constantius II90 viewsD N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is bearded, hair in two braids, reaching backwards; Dot S Dot in left field,smk?
Cyzikus 102
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_2275.JPG
07 Constantius II48 viewsConstantius II AE2. 351-355 AD.
25mm 4.6g
D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet, clutching, Star left,SMK Gamma in ex.

Boljetin hoard, Sirmium VIII Cyzicus, 529
R5
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
004~2.JPG
07 Constantius II60 viewsConstantius II, AE16, Cyzicus. DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is unbearded, wearing Phrygian helmet, reaching backwards. dot M dot? in left field. Mintmark SMK [?]. Cyzikus . 1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4538.jpg
07 Constantius II49 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP-REPARATIO
no beard, Phrygian helmet, reaching
SMK Gamma
Cyzikus 105/111
Scarce
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_1649.JPG
07 Constantius II41 viewsConstantius II AE2. 351-355 AD. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching back , Gamma left,dot SMKB in ex.
Cyzikus 96
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2629.JPG
07 Constantius II39 viewsConstantius II AE2. 351-355 AD. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a brimmedhelmet, reaching back , Gamma left,dot SMK Gamma in ex.


Cyzikus 96 var (headwear)
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_3267.JPG
07 Constantius II30 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
TEMP-REP...
no beard, Phrygian helmet, reaching
SMK Delata / star left
Cyzikus 113
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3322.jpg
07 Constantius II48 viewsConstantius II

5,55g // 22mm.
D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching, Gamma left, SMKB in ex. Cyzikus 92
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3653.jpg
07 Constantius II23 viewsConstantius II AE2. 351-355 AD. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching back , Gamma left,SMK epsilon in ex.
Cyzikus 93

ex DS
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_3650.jpg
07 Constantius II33 viewsConstantius II AE2. 351-355 AD. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman bearded, bare head, reaching back , Gamma left,SMK delta in ex.
Cyzikus 92
ex DS
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_3648.jpg
07 Constantius II34 viewsD N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is bearded, hair in two braids, reaching backwards; Dot S Dot in left field,smk delta
Cyzikus 102

ex DS
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3646.jpg
07 Constantius II40 viewsonstantius II AE2. 351-355 AD. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman bearded, bare head, reaching back , Gamma left,SMKA in ex.
Cyzikus 92

ex DS
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3661.jpg
07 Constantius II29 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FELTEMP-REPARATIO
soldier spearing fallen horseman, no beard, Phrygian helmet, reaching
SMK Gamma
Cyzikus 104/110
C2

ex DS
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_3822.jpg
07 Constantius II43 viewsConstantius II AE2. 351-355 AD.
25mm 4.89g
D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet, clutching, Star left, SMK Epsilon in ex.

Cyzikus 67
Scarce
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3848.jpg
07 Constantius II37 viewsConstantius II AE2. 351-355 AD. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, 3 pellets above and 3 pellets below shield boss, spearing a fallen horseman, no beard,wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching back , Gamma left, SMKA in ex.
Cyzikus 93
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4150.jpg
07 Constantius II41 views
Constantius II AE2. 351-355 AD. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman bearded, bare head, reaching back , Gamma left,SMKS in ex.
Cyzikus 92
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4341.jpg
07 Constantius II30 viewsConstantius II AE2. 351-355 AD. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching back , Gamma left,dot SMK Delta in ex.


Cyzikus 96
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
07-Constantius-II-Sis-191.jpg
07. Constantius II / 2 Victories.49 viewsAE 4, 341 - 348, Siscia mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG / Diademed bust of Constantius II.
Reverse: VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN / Two Victories facing, each holding palm banch and wreath.
Mint mark: ΔSIS; HR monogram between the two Victories.
1.12 gm., 15 mm.
RIC #191; LRBC #798; Sear #18063.
Callimachus
arles43.jpg
071 Constantius II13 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two torrents, star above
ex: SF/ARLQ
hill132
arles45.jpg
073 Constantius II11 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents, star above
ex: SF/ARLQ
hill132
IMG_2215.JPG
08 Constantius II91 viewsConstantius II
351 AD
Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, Pearl diademed draped cuirassed bust right
Reverse: FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman bearded, two braids, reaching , SMH Delta in ex., Gamma in left field
22.76 mm 6.2 grams
RIC VIII 82 Heraclea Failmezger 461 CS f

ex Failmezger
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2593.JPG
08 Constantius II88 viewsConstantius II.
Æ-2 (25mm, 7.47g Very heavy).
DN CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right. / FEL TEMP RE-PARTIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman bearded, three braids, reaching , SMHB in ex., Gamma in left field

RIC VIII 82 Heraclea
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2979.JPG
08 Constantius II41 viewsConstantius II

Bronze AE 2, D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMPRE-PARATIO, Star in left, soldier spearing Horseman,beared, hair in a braid? , clutching, SMHA Heracla 67
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3636.jpg
08 Constantius II33 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP-REPARATIO Phrygian helmet, reaching back SMH Gamma in ex
Heraclea 90

ex DS
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3638.jpg
08 Constantius II42 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, Pearl diademed draped cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman bearded, two braids, reaching , SMHB in ex., Gamma in left field
Heraclea 82

ex DS
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3676.jpg
08 Constantius II68 viewsConstantius II
AE 2
24.75 mm 5.14g
D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, helmeted soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a bowl-shaped helmet, clutching the horse's neck. Star in left field. Mintmark SMHA.
Heraclea
RIC VIII 67

ex Steve
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3914.jpg
08 Constantius II43 viewsConstantius II
4,53 g / 23 mm
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, Pearl diademed draped cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman bearded, two braids, reaching , SMHA in ex., Gamma in left field
Heraclea 82
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4771.jpg
08 Constantius II30 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, Pearl diademed draped cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman bearded, two braids, reaching , SMH Gamma in ex., Gamma in left field
Heraclea 82
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
constantinople1~0.jpg
082 Constantius II15 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTINV NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star between, with base
ex: B/CONS
hill132
Personajes_Imperiales_9.jpg
09 - Personalities of the Empire54 viewsSaturninus, Carus, Carinus, Urbica, Nigrinianus, Numerianus, Diocletian, Maximian, Carausius, Allectus, Constantius I, Theodora, Galerius and Galeria Valeriamdelvalle
Personajes_Imperiales_9~0.jpg
09 - Personalities of the Empire33 viewsCarinus, Magnia Urbica, Nigrinianus, Numerianus, Diocletian, Maximian, Carausius, Allectus, Constantius I, Theodora, Galerius, Galeria Valeria, Severus II and Maxentiusmdelvalle
IMG_2655.JPG
09 Constantius Gallus48 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman,
hair straight up, no beard, reaching (hair type not in RIC)
SMN[?]

Nicomedia 97 var
C
ex DS
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
ciisn.jpg
09 Constantius II66 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Bronze AE 2, D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMPRE-PARATIO, Star in left, soldier spearing Horseman, no beard, Phrygian helmet, clutching, SMNA in ex Nicomedia 63, R
Better Photo
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_3947.jpg
09 Constantius II59 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing falling horseman, no beard Phrygian helmet, reaching
SMNS in ex, gamma left
Nicomedia 84
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4128.jpg
09 Constantius II59 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing falling horseman, Phrygian helmet, reaching
dot SMN gamma in ex, gamma left
Nicomedia 84
5 commentsRandygeki(h2)
cyzicus4.jpg
090 Constantius II15 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: .SMK(DELTA).
hill132
IMG_2825.JPG
1 Constantius Gallus30 viewsConstantius Gallus
23mm 5.2g
DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right, A behind head / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor on galley, holding Victory on globe and labarum. Star in upper right field; III in left field. Mintmark: ASIS. RIC VIII Siscia 329.
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4880.jpg
1 Constantius II31 viewsConstantius II AE3. AD 351-355. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding a phoenix on globe and a chi-rho standard, Victory at helm steers the ship. Γ in left field, * in right field. Mintmark dot TS epsilon dot.
Thessalonica
RIC VIII 174 var
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2466.JPG
1.2 Constantius II21 viewsConstantius II AE3. AD 348-351. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Emperor in military dress advancing left, treading on captive, holding Victory on a globe and a chi-rho standard, Γ left, star right. Mintmark star TS Delta Dot (or star)

Thessalonica
RIC VIII 172
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Personajes_Imperiales_10~0.jpg
10 - Personalities of the Empire43 viewsRomulus, Constantine I, Helena, Fausta, Licinius I, Constantia, Maximinus II, Licinius II, Crispus, Constantine II, Delmatius, Hanibalianus, Constans and Constantius II.

mdelvalle
013.JPG
10 Constantius II50 viewsConstantius II AE3. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed monocled bust right / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching backwards, GSLG in ex. Lyons 189 C5
Randygeki(h2)
1395921_590830317620550_326664335_n.jpg
10 Constantius II75 viewsConstantius II. AE2. Lyons. DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, A behind head / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, one knee drawn up, about to spear fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet and is sitting on ground, arms raised. A in left field. Mintmark SLG star. RIC VIII Lyons 102.2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4133.jpg
10 Constantius II59 viewsConstantius II AE3. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed monocled bust right / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching backwards, GPLG in ex. Lyons 189 C55 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_5147.jpg
10 Constantius II74 viewsConstantius II. AE2. Lyons. DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademe, draped, cuirassed bust right, A behind head / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, one knee drawn up, about to spear fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet and is sitting on ground, arms raised. A in left field. Mintmark SLG

RIC Lyons 100
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
LarryW1853.jpg
100 Constantius II, AD 337-36172 viewsGold solidus, 20mm, 4.00g, gF
Struck AD 355-360 at Arles
FL IVL CONSTAN-TIVS PERP AVG, helmeted, diademed and cuirassed facing bust, spear across shoulder in right, shield on left arm / GLORIA REI-PVBLICAE, Roma and Constantinopolis enthroned, holding wreath with VOT XXX MVLT XXXX in four lines, */KONSTAN in ex (TAN in monogram). Graffiti on obverse fields
Ex: Forum Ancient Coins
RIC 238
Lawrence Woolslayer
cyzicus17a.jpg
103 Constantius II9 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: ./SMK(epsilon)
hill132
rjb_cast4_07_05.jpg
11100 viewsConstantius I
305-306
AV 42 mm
Trier Mint
The "Arras Medallion"
mauseus
Personajes_Imperiales_11.jpg
11 - Personalities of the Empire51 views
Magnentius, Decentius, Vetranius, Constantius Gallo, Julian II, Jovian, Valentinianus I, Valens, Procopius, Gratianus, Valentinianus II, Theodosius I, Aelia Flacilla and Magnus Maximus
mdelvalle
IMG_2346.JPG
11 Constantius Gallus30 viewsConstantius Gallus
Rome
4,79 gm., 23 mm
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right,Delta behind / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet, clutching. Gamma left, R wreath epsilon in ex.
Rome 261 Rare
Randygeki(h2)
11_IMG_2585.JPG
11 Constantius Gallus58 viewsConstantius Gallus
17mm
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right. / FEL TEMP-REPARTIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman,bare-headed, reaching
RS in ex.
Rome 274
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
image2_(1).JPG
11 Constantius II55 viewsConstantius II
26 mm
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
laureate, rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, holding globe; A behind bust
RE-PARATIO
bowl-shaped helmet with bobble directly on top, kneeling on one knee, hand up
R Epsilon / * over A left
Rome 174
Scarce
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
20877_505104092859840_60268301_n.jpg
11 Constantius II48 views1.9 g 16.5 mm
RP? in ex Rome
Rome 313?
Randygeki(h2)
fhrmrgd.JPG
11 Constantius II49 viewsConstantius II

25mm 6.5g
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
laureate, rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, holding globe; A behind bust
RE-PARATIO
Phrygian helmet, kneeling, one arm up
RT / * over A left
Rome 174
Scarce
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_3073.JPG
11 Constantius II30 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, B behind / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet, clutching. Gamma left, R wreath Z in ex.
Rome 256 R3
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3680.jpg
11 Constantius II29 viewsConstantius II

24 mm / 4,85 gr.
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
laureate, rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, holding globe; A behind bust
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
soldier spearinf a falling horseman, Phrygian helmet, kneeling on one knee, hand up
R dot F dot Q / * over A left
Rome 176
Rare
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3756.jpg
11 Constantius II15 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP-REPARATIO
Soldier spearin horseman. hair straight up, reaching.
R wreath S
Rome 309
Randygeki(h2)
11-Constantius-II-Ant-113.jpg
11. Constantius II / Wreath.37 viewsAE 4, 347 - 348, Antioch mint.
Obverse: DN CONSTANTIVS P F AVG / Diademed bust of Constantius II.
Reverse: VOT XX MVLT XXX in wreath.
Mint mark: SMANΔI
1.39 gm., 15 mm.
RIC #113; LRBC #1398; Sear #18076.
Callimachus
112.jpg
112 Constantius I. AE follis34 viewsobv: FL IL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES laur. head r.
rev: GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: KB
1 commentshill132
112b.jpg
112b Constantius I. AE follis18 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTATIVS NOB CAES laur. head r.
rev: GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: KB
hill132
112c.jpg
112c Constantius I. AE follis17 viewsobv: CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r
rev: GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: S-F//PTR
hill132
cyzicus28.jpg
114 Constantius II12 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with to turrents star above
ex: SMKr.
hill132
000_012.JPG
12 Constantius II92 viewsConstantius II AE3. 351-355 AD. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right, Delta behind / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Soldier standing right, right leg raised, spearing a fallen horseman who is bare-headed, reaching backwards, A beneath horse, BSIRM in ex.
Sirmium
RIC VIII 40
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2541.JPG
12 Constantius II61 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, A behind, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO III left, soldier spearing Horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching
[*]ASIRM in ex
Sirmium 32
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3687.jpg
12 Constantius II46 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP-REPARATIO
soldier spearing horseman, bare-headed, reaching
BSIRM
Sirmium 48
ex DS
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
12-Constantius-I-Lon-RIC-14a.jpg
12. Constantius I.32 viewsFollis, ca 298-300 AD, London mint (group II).
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB C / Laureate and curiassed bust of Constantius I.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Mint mark: (none)
9.71gm., 27 mm.
RIC # 14a; Sear #14034 (this coin !).

Although RIC lists these last four coins (Diocletian, Maximian, Galerius, and Constantius I) with other coins minted in London, a careful reading of the introduction to the mint of London (vol. VI, p. 113-122) shows the editors of RIC had serious reservations about this attribution.

The unmarked folles -- ie without a mint mark in the exergue -- can be divided into three groups. After many years of careful study, group I has been attributed to Lugdunum (Lyon, France), and groups II and III to Britain.

Of group II, RIC says (p. 115), " It is possible that the unmarked II coins were produced in Britain either from a travelling mint, or even from the "C" (Camulodunum?) mint of Carausius and Allectus, with which there are perhaps some stylistic affinities: the period of issue would fall from c. 298 onwards, perhaps until c. 300 or later."

Of group III, RIC says (p. 115), " The unmarked III coins are in everyway more sophisticated in style, and it may well be that they were produced at London, though lack of signature would be difficult to account for: probably it is best to class them as a British series which, for reasons unknown to us, was struck elsewhere. Their date is between 300 and 305."
Callimachus
Constantius-I_AE-Quarter-Follis_FL-VAL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-CAES_4a-A_GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI_XX_B_I_ALE_RIC-VI-33a_p-665_Alexandria_301-AD_C2_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VI 033a, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #170 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VI 033a, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO POPV LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo:XX/B/I// ALE, diameter: 25,5-28,2mm, weight: 9,11g, axis: 11h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 301 A.D., ref: RIC VI 033a, p-665, C2,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES_SACR-MONET-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NOSTR_III_AQGamma_RIC_VI_36a_p-316_Aquilea_302-303_AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 036a, AE-1 Follis, SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #164 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 036a, AE-1 Follis, SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1
avers:- CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exerg: -/VI//AQΓ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Aquilea, date:302-303 A.D., ref: RIC VI 036a, p-316,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES_FELIX_ADVENT_AVGG_NN__H_left,_PKT_RIC_VI_24a_Carthage__298_A_D__Q-001_0h_25-28,5mm_10,38ga-s~0.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 024a, AE-1 Follis, FELIX ADVENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, #1152 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 024a, AE-1 Follis, FELIX ADVENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, #1
avers:- CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- FELIX AD VENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, head left, wearing elephant head headress, standard in right and tusk in left, lion and bull at feet left, H left, PKT in ex.
exerg: H|-//PKT, diameter: 25,0-28,5mm, weight: 10,38g, axes: 0h,
mint: Carthage, date: 298 A.D., ref: RIC VI 024a,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS-NOB-CAES_SALVIS-AVGG-ET-CAESS-FEL-KART_Gamma_RIC_VI_Carthage_32a_298-299-AD_Q-001_11h_28,5-29,5mm_10,17g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 032a, AE-1 Follis, SALVIS AVG G ET CAES S FEL KART, Carthago standing facing, #183 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 032a, AE-1 Follis, SALVIS AVG G ET CAES S FEL KART, Carthago standing facing, #1
avers: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right. Larger portarit-head.
revers: SALVIS AVG G ET CAES S FEL KART, Carthago standing facing, head left, in long robe, holding fruits in both hands.
exerg: -/-//Γ, diameter: 28,5-29,5mm, weight: 10,17g, axes:11h,
mint: Carthage, date: 298-299 A.D., ref: RIC VI 032a,
Q-001
quadrans
121_Constantius_I__Heraclea_RIC_VI_015,_AE-Follis,_FL_VAL_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES,_CONCORDIA_MILITVM,_HB,_p-531,_295-6_AD_Q-001_0h_20,5-22,5mm_3,68g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VI 015, AE-Radiate Fraction, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Constantius and Jupiter #187 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VI 015, AE-Radiate Fraction, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Constantius and Jupiter #1
avers:- FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MILI TVM, Constantius standing facing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing opposite and holding sceptre, H B in lower centre.
exerg: HB//--, diameter: 20,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,68g, axes: 0h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 298 A.D., ref: RIC VI 015, p-351,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I__AR-Argenteus_CONSTAN-TIVS-CAES_VIRTVS-MILITVM_Z_Rome_RIC-VI-42a_P-295-7_AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VI 042a, AR-Argenteus, -/-//Z, VIRTVS MILITVM, #193 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VI 042a, AR-Argenteus, -/-//Z, VIRTVS MILITVM, #1
avers: CONSTAN TIVS CAES, Laureate head right.
reverse: VIRTVS MILITVM, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing over the tripod, City gate in the background.
exergue: -/-//Z, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,16g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, 3rd.off., date: 295-97 A.D., ref: RIC VI 42a,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantius-Q-001-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VI 087a, AE-Radiate Fraction, VOT/•/XX/ Γ in wreath, #1289 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VI 087a, AE-Radiate Fraction, VOT/•/XX/ Γ in wreath, #1
avers:- FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VOT/•/XX/ Γ in three lines within wreath.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, date: 298 A.D., ref: RIC VI 087a, p-359,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS-NOB-CAES_GENIO-POP-VLI-ROMANI_Gamma_SIS_RIC_VI_109a_p-467_Siscia_299-AD_Q-001_11h_28-29mm_9,26g-s~0.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 109a, -/Γ//SIS, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1126 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 109a, -/Γ//SIS, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO POP VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo: -/Γ//SIS, diameter: 28,0-29,0mm, weight: 9,26g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: 299 A.D., ref: RIC VI 109a, p-467,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES_SACR-MONET-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NOSTR_Star-Gamma_SIS_RIC_VI_135a_p-469_Siscia_301_AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 135a, AE-1 Follis, SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #172 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 135a, AE-1 Follis, SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1
avers:- CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exerg: */Γ//SIS, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, date:301 A.D., ref: RIC VI 135a, p-469,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Quarter-Follis_IMP-C-CONSTANTIVS-PF-AVG_GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI_SIS_RIC_VI_167_p-475_Siscia_305-06_AD_Q-001_axis-0h_18-18,5mm_2,57g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 167, AE-Quarter-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, Rare!!, #1125 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 167, AE-Quarter-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, Rare!!, #1
avers:- IMP C CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO POPV LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo: SIS, diameter: 18,0-18,5mm, weight: 2,57g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 305-306 A.D., ref: RIC VI 167, p-475, Rare,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES_SACRAMONET-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NOSTR_PTdot_RIC_VI_46a_p-286_Ticinum_300-303_AD_Q-001_axis-11h_25,5-26,5mm_8,60g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI 046a, AE-1 Follis, SACRAMONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1270 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI 046a, AE-1 Follis, SACRAMONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1
avers:- CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- SACRAMONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exerg: -/-//PT•, diameter: 25,5-26,5mm, weight: 8,60g, axes: 11h,
mint: Ticinum, date:300-303 A.D., ref: RIC VI 046a,,
Q-001
quadrans
cyzicus35.jpg
121 Constantius II11 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKr
hill132
121_Constantius-I__Chlorus_(293-305_A_D__Caesar,_305-306_A_D__Augustus),_Bi-Tetradr_-G-3349,D-6050-6055,Alexdr_-Elpis-l_-L-B_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
121p Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3349, D-6050-6055, Bi-Tetradrachm, Elpis standing left, L-B across the field,63 views121p Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3349, D-6050-6055, Bi-Tetradrachm, Elpis standing left, L-B across the field,
avers:- ΦΛ Α ΚωCTANTIOC K, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Elpis standing left holding flower and hem of skirt, Δ in exergo, L-B across the field.
exerg: L/B//Δ, diameter: 21mm, weight: 9,5g, axes: 0 h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 293-294 A.D., Year 2. L-B., ref: Geissen- 3349, Dattari-6050-6055, Kapmann-Ganschow-121.14-p-358,
Q-001
quadrans
124a.jpg
124a Helena. AE follis 3.8gm18 viewsobv: FL HELENA_AVGVSTA dia. and mantledbust r., wearing necklace
rev: SECVRITRITAS_ REIPVBLICE Securitas std. l., holding palm and drawing drapery
ex: SMH(EPSOLON)
"Mother of Constantine I and first wife of Constantius I)
hill132
125.jpg
125 Theodora. AE follis25 viewsobv: FL MAX THEO_DORIA AVG laur. and mantled bust r.
rev: Pietas std. facing, head r. holding infant to her breast
ex: possible CONST
"2nd wife of Constantius I"
1 commentshill132
IMG_3645.jpg
13 Constantius Gallus20 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right; A behind bust
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO bare-headed, reaching
Γ SIS ·S· / I left
Siscia 347

ex DS
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_3996.jpg
13 Constantius Gallus50 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right, A behind;
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing falling horseman,bare-headed, reaching
LXXII in left field, star delta SIS crescent in ex

RIC Siscia 335
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
100_5381.JPG
13 Constantius II111 viewsConstantius II AE3/4. AD 355-361. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman who is wearing Phrygian helmet, reaching backwards, ASIS zigzag in ex. Siscia 361Randygeki(h2)
111_074.JPG
13 Constantius II101 viewsConstantius II 3 Struck 351-355 AD.

D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing falling enemy horseman who wears Phrygian helmet and is reaching backwards; shield on ground to right; ASIS in ex. Siscia 350

Siscia
RIC VIII 350

New photo
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2576.JPG
13 Constantius II19 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, PDC, FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, bare-headed, reaching, M left
BSIS zigzag in ex
Siscia 369 var (headwear)

Better pic
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_2705.JPG
13 Constantius II36 viewsConstantius II. AE 23mm. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, bust right, A behind / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, III in left field, helmeted soldier left, spearing falling horseman. Mintmark Gama SIS.
LRBC 1202. Siscia RIC VIII 332
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2842.JPG
13 Constantius II66 viewsConstantius II
Ae2 4.43g
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right, A behind bust / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arms up, A to left, dot ASIS dot in ex. RIC VIII Siscia 253
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3612.jpg
13 Constantius II25 viewsConstantius II
16,9 mm
2,23 g
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
TEMP-REP
Phrygian helmet, reaching
ASIS / L left
Siscia 383
Scarce
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3684.jpg
13 Constantius II21 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP-REPARATIO
Soldier spearing horseman, Phrygian helmet, reaching
ΓSISD / M left
Siscia 372

Ex DS
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_3700.jpg
13 Constantius II38 viewsConstantius ii

DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing a horseman, Phrygian helmet, forward on ground, on hands and knees
BSIS / * in right field
Siscia 210
Rare
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
DiocleAnt.jpg
1301a, Diocletian, 284-305 A.D. (Antioch)94 viewsDIOCLETIAN (284 – 305 AD) AE Antoninianus, 293-95 AD, RIC V 322, Cohen 34. 20.70 mm/3.1 gm, aVF, Antioch. Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust right, draped & cuirassed; Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian, I/XXI. Early Diocletian with dusty earthen green patina.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
DicletianConcordCyz.jpg
1301b, Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D.59 viewsDiocletian. RIC V Part II Cyzicus 256 var. Not listed with pellet in exegrue
Item ref: RI141f. VF. Minted in Cyzicus (B in centre field, XXI dot in exegrue)Obverse:- IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter.
A post reform radiate of Diocletian. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


Cleisthenes
MaxHercRIC5iiRome.jpg
1302a, Maximian, 285 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.47 viewsMaximianus AE Antoninianus. RIC V Part II 506 Bust Type C. Cohen 355; VF; Minted in Rome A.D. 285-286. Obverse: IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right; Rverse: IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt & scepter, XXIZ in exergue. Ex maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D.

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Perhaps born ca. 249/250 A.D. in Sirmium in the area of the Balkans, Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Maximianus Herculius (Maximian), had been a soldier before he put on the purple. A fellow soldier with the Emperor Diocletian, he had served in the military during the reigns of Aurelian and Probus.

When the Emperor Diocletian determined that the empire was too large for one man to govern on his own, he made Maximian his Caesar in 285/6 and elevated him to the rank of Augustus in perhaps the spring of 286. While Diocletian ruled in the East, Maximian ruled in the West. In 293, in order to maintain and to strengthen the stability of the empire, Diocletian appointed Constantius I Chlorus to serve Maximian as a Caesar in the West, while Galerius did the same job in the East. This arrangement, called the "Tetrarchy", was meant not only to provide a stronger foundation for the two emperors' rule, but also to end any possible fighting over the succession to the throne once the two senior Augusti had left the throne--a problem which had bedeviled the principate since the time of the Emperor Augustus. To cement the relationship between Maximian and his Caesar, Constantius married Maximian's elder daughter Theodora. A decade later, Constantius' son Constantine would marry Maximia's younger daughter Fausta.

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximian, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple. Their resignations seem largely due to the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian seems to have forced his colleague to abdicate. In any case, Herculius had sworn an oath at the temple of Capitoline Jupiter to carry out the terms of the abdication. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Diocletian's retirement was at Salonae in Dalmatia, while Herculius' retreat was either in Lucania or Campania.

Maximian's retirement, however, was of short duration because, a little more than a year later on 28 October 306, his son Maxentius was proclaimed emperor at Rome. To give his regime an aura of legitimacy, Maximian was forced to affirm his son's acclamation. When Galerius learned of Maxentius' rebellion, he sent Severus against him with an army that had formerly been under his father's command. Maxentius invested his father with the purple again to win over his enemy's troops, a ruse which succeeded. Perhaps to strengthen his own position, in 307 Maximian went to Gaul and married his daughter Fausta to Constantine. When Constantine refused to become embroiled in the civil war between Galerius and Maxentius, Maximian returned to Rome in 308 and attempted to depose his son; however, he did not succeed. When Maximian was unable to convince Diocletian to take up the purple again at a meeting in Carnuntum in late 308, he returned to his son-in-law's side in Gaul.

Although Maximian was treated with all of the respect due a former emperor, he still desired to be more than a figurehead. He decided to seize the purple from Constantine when his son-in-law least expected it. His opportunity came in the summer of 310 when the Franks revolted. When Constantine had taken a small part of his army into enemy territory, Maximian proclaimed himself again emperor and paid the soldiers under his command a donative to secure their loyalty. As soon as Constantine received news about Maximian's revolt in July 310, he went south and reached Arelate before his father-in-law could mount a defense of the city. Although Maximian fled to Massilia, his son-in-law seized the city and took Maximian prisoner. Although he was deprived of the purple, he was granted pardon for his crimes. Unable to endure the humiliation of his defeat, he attempted to have Constantine murdered in his bed. The plot failed because he tried to get his daughter Fausta's help in the matter; she chose to reveal the matter to her husband. Because of this attempt on his son-in-law's life Maximian was dead by the end of July either by his own hand or on the orders of his intended victim.

Eutropia was of Syrian extraction and her marriage to Maximian seems to have been her second. She bore him two children: Maxentius and Fausta. An older daughter, Theodora, may have been a product of her first marriage. Fausta became the wife of Constantine I , while her sister Theodora was the second spouse of his father Constantius I Chlorus . Eutropia apparently survived all her children, with the possible exception of her daughter Fausta who seems to have died in 326. Eutropia is also said to have become a Christian.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Max.jpg
1302b, Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D., commemorative issued by Constantine the Great (Siscia)55 viewsMaximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D., commemorative issued by Constantine the Great. Bronze AE3, RIC 41, VF, Siscia, 1.30g, 16.1mm, 0o, 317-318 A.D. Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, laureate and veiled head right; Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMO-RVM MERITORVM, Emperor seated left on curule chair, raising hand and holding scepter, SIS in exergue; scarce (R3).


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D.

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Perhaps born ca. 249/250 A.D. in Sirmium in the area of the Balkans, Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Maximianus Herculius (Maximian), had been a soldier before he put on the purple. A fellow soldier with the Emperor Diocletian, he had served in the military during the reigns of Aurelian and Probus.

When the Emperor Diocletian determined that the empire was too large for one man to govern on his own, he made Maximian his Caesar in 285/6 and elevated him to the rank of Augustus in perhaps the spring of 286. While Diocletian ruled in the East, Maximian ruled in the West. In 293, in order to maintain and to strengthen the stability of the empire, Diocletian appointed Constantius I Chlorus to serve Maximian as a Caesar in the West, while Galerius did the same job in the East. This arrangement, called the "Tetrarchy", was meant not only to provide a stronger foundation for the two emperors' rule, but also to end any possible fighting over the succession to the throne once the two senior Augusti had left the throne--a problem which had bedeviled the principate since the time of the Emperor Augustus. To cement the relationship between Maximian and his Caesar, Constantius married Maximian's elder daughter Theodora. A decade later, Constantius' son Constantine would marry Maximia's younger daughter Fausta.

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximian, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple. Their resignations seem largely due to the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian seems to have forced his colleague to abdicate. In any case, Herculius had sworn an oath at the temple of Capitoline Jupiter to carry out the terms of the abdication. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Diocletian's retirement was at Salonae in Dalmatia, while Herculius' retreat was either in Lucania or Campania.

Maximian's retirement, however, was of short duration because, a little more than a year later on 28 October 306, his son Maxentius was proclaimed emperor at Rome. To give his regime an aura of legitimacy, Maximian was forced to affirm his son's acclamation. When Galerius learned of Maxentius' rebellion, he sent Severus against him with an army that had formerly been under his father's command. Maxentius invested his father with the purple again to win over his enemy's troops, a ruse which succeeded. Perhaps to strengthen his own position, in 307 Maximian went to Gaul and married his daughter Fausta to Constantine. When Constantine refused to become embroiled in the civil war between Galerius and Maxentius, Maximian returned to Rome in 308 and attempted to depose his son; however, he did not succeed. When Maximian was unable to convince Diocletian to take up the purple again at a meeting in Carnuntum in late 308, he returned to his son-in-law's side in Gaul.

Although Maximian was treated with all of the respect due a former emperor, he still desired to be more than a figurehead. He decided to seize the purple from Constantine when his son-in-law least expected it. His opportunity came in the summer of 310 when the Franks revolted. When Constantine had taken a small part of his army into enemy territory, Maximian proclaimed himself again emperor and paid the soldiers under his command a donative to secure their loyalty. As soon as Constantine received news about Maximian's revolt in July 310, he went south and reached Arelate before his father-in-law could mount a defense of the city. Although Maximian fled to Massilia, his son-in-law seized the city and took Maximian prisoner. Although he was deprived of the purple, he was granted pardon for his crimes. Unable to endure the humiliation of his defeat, he attempted to have Constantine murdered in his bed. The plot failed because he tried to get his daughter Fausta's help in the matter; she chose to reveal the matter to her husband. Because of this attempt on his son-in-law's life Maximian was dead by the end of July either by his own hand or on the orders of his intended victim.

Eutropia was of Syrian extraction and her marriage to Maximian seems to have been her second. She bore him two children: Maxentius and Fausta. An older daughter, Theodora, may have been a product of her first marriage. Fausta became the wife of Constantine I , while her sister Theodora was the second spouse of his father Constantius I Chlorus . Eutropia apparently survived all her children, with the possible exception of her daughter Fausta who seems to have died in 326. Eutropia is also said to have become a Christian.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
GaleriusAugCyz.jpg
1303a, Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.35 viewsGalerius, RIC VI 59, Cyzicus S, VF, Cyzicus S, 6.4 g, 25.86 mm; 309-310 AD; Obverse: GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate bust right; Reverse: GENIO A-VGVS[TI], Genius stg. left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae. A nice example with sharp detail and nice brown hoard patina. Ex Ancient Imports.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Galerius (305-311 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University


Caius Galerius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Galerius, was from Illyricum; his father, whose name is unknown, was of peasant stock, while his mother, Romula, was from beyond the Danube. Galerius was born in Dacia Ripensis near Sardica. Although the date of his birth is unknown, he was probably born ca. 250 since he served under Aurelian. As a youth Galerius was a shepherd and acquired the nickname Armentarius. Although he seems to have started his military career under Aurelian and Probus, nothing is known about it before his accession as Caesar on 1 March 293. He served as Diocletian's Caesar in the East. Abandoning his first wife, he married Diocletian's daugher, Valeria.

As Caesar he campaigned in Egypt in 294; he seems to have taken to the field against Narses of Persia, and was defeated near Ctesiphon in 295. In 298, after he made inroads into Armenia, he obtained a treaty from the Persians favorable to the Romans. Between 299-305 he overcame the Sarmatians and the Carpi along the Danube. The Great Persecution of the Orthodox Church, which was started in 303 by the Emperor Diocletian, was probably instigated by Galerius. Because of the almost fatal illness that he contracted toward the end of 304, Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximianus Herculius, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple on 1 May 305. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. Constantius and Severus reigned in the West, whereas Galerius' and Daia's realm was the East. Although Constantius was nominally senior Augustus, the real power was in the hands of Galerius because both Caesars were his creatures.

The balance of power shifted at the end of July 306 when Constantius, with his son Constantine at his side, passed away at York in Britain where he was preparing to face incursions by the Picts; his army proclaimed Constantine his successor immediately. As soon as he received the news of the death of Constantius I and the acclamation of Constantine to the purple, Galerius raised Severus to the rank of Augustus to replace his dead colleague in August 306. Making the best of a bad situation, Galerius accepted Constantine as the new Caesar in the West. The situation became more complicated when Maxentius, with his father Maximianus Herculius acquiesing, declared himself princes on 28 October 306. When Galerius learned about the acclamation of the usurper, he dispatched the Emperor Severus to put down the rebellion. Severus took a large field army which had formerly been that of Maximianus and proceeded toward Rome and began to besiege the city, Maxentius, however, and Maximianus, by means of a ruse, convinced Severus to surrender. Later, in 307, Severus was put to death under clouded circumstances. While Severus was fighting in the west, Galerius, during late 306 or early 307, was campaigning against the Sarmatians.

In the early summer of 307 Galerius invaded Italy to avenge Severus's death; he advanced to the south and encamped at Interamna near the Tiber. His attempt to besiege the city was abortive because his army was too small to encompass the city's fortifications. Not trusting his own troops, Galerius withdrew. During its retreat, his army ravaged the Italian countryside as it was returning to its original base. When Maximianus Herculius' attempts to regain the throne between 308 and 310 by pushing his son off his throne or by winning over Constantine to his cause failed, he tried to win Diocletian and Galerius over to his side at Carnuntum in October and November 308; the outcome of the Conference at Carnuntum was that Licinius was appointed Augustus in Severus's place, that Daia and Constantine were denoted filii Augustorum, and that Herculius was completely cut out of the picture. Later, in 310, Herculius died, having been implicated in a plot against his son-in-law. After the Conference at Carnuntum, Galerius returned to Sardica where he died in the opening days of May 311.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University; Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Galerius was Caesar and tetrarch under Maximianus. Although a talented general and administrator, Galerius is better known for his key role in the "Great Persecution" of Christians. He stopped the persecution under condition the Christians pray for his return to health from a serious illness. Galerius died horribly shortly after. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.



Cleisthenes
Constantius1_silvered_follis.jpg
1304a, Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.48 viewsSilvered follis, RIC 20a, S 3671, VM 25, gVF, Heraclea mint, 10.144g, 27.7mm, 180o, 297 - 298 A.D. Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; Reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over shoulder, cornucopia in left, pouring liquor from patera, HTD in exergue; some silvering, nice portrait, well centered.



De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Constantius I Chlorus (305-306 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Constantius' Early Life and Marriage

Born March 31st, Emperor Flavius Valerius Constantius may have come into the world ca. 250. His family was from Illyricum. In the army he served as a protector, tribunus, and a praeses Dalmatiarum. During the 270s or the 280s, he became the father of Constantine by Helena, his first spouse. By 288 he was the Praetorian Prefect of the western emperor Maximianus Herculius.

Constantius' Reign as Caesar

On 1 March 293 Diocletian appointed Galerius as his Caesar (junior emperor) in the east and Constantius as the Caesar of Maximianus Herculius. Caesar in the west. Both Caesars had the right of succession. In order to strengthen the dynastic relationship between himself and Herculius., Constantius put aside his wife Helena and married Theodora, the daughter, or perhaps stepdaughter, of Maximianus Herculius.. The union was fruitful and of it there were six issue: Flavius Dalmatius, Julius Constantius, Hannibalianus, Constantia, Anastasia, and Eutropia. To strengthen his bond with Galerius and Diocletian in the east, Constantius allowed Galerius to keep his son Constantine as a hostage for his good behavior.

In the remainder of the time that he was a Caesar, Constantius spent much of his time engaged in military actions in the west. In the summer of 293 Constantius expelled the troops of the usurper Carausius from northern Gaul; after Constantius' attack on Bononia (Boulogne), Carausius was murdered. At the same time he dealt with the unrest of the Germans. In 296 he invaded Britain and put down the revolt of the usurper Allectus. Between 300 and 305 A.D. the Caesar campaigned successfully several times with various German tribes. It is worth noting in passing, that while his colleagues rigidly enforced the "Great Persecution in 303," Constantius limited his action to knocking down a few churches.

Constantius as Augustus and His Untimely Death

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedia, and Maximianus Herculius, at Mediolanum (Milan), divested themselves of the purple, probably because of the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian forced Maximianus to abdicate. They appointed as their successors Constantius and Galerius, with Severus and Maximinus Daia as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Constantius, as had his predecessor, ruled in the west, while Galerius and Daia ruled in the east. Almost as soon as he was appointed Augustus, he crossed to Britain to face incursions by the Picts where he died at York on 25 July 306 with his son (Constantine I, known to history as “The Great”) at his side.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Lcnius1.jpg
1308b, Licinius I, 308 - 324 A.D. (Siscia)59 viewsLicinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D. Bronze follis, RIC 4, F, Siscia, 3.257g, 21.6mm, 0o, 313 - 315 A.D. Obverse: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; Reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and scepter, eagle with wreath in beak left, E right, SIS in exergue.



De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Licinius (308-324 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Licinius' Heritage

Valerius Licinianus Licinius, more commonly known as Licinius, may have been born ca. 265. Of peasant origin, his family was from Dacia. A close friend and comrade of arms of the Emperor Galerius, he accompanied him on his Persian expedition in 297. When campaigns by Severus and Galerius in late 306 or early 307 and in the summer of 307, respectively, failed to dislodge Maxentius who, with the luke warm support of his father Maximianus Herculius, was acclaimed princeps on 28 October 306, he was sent by the eastern emperor to Maxentius as an ambassador; the diplomatic mission, however, failed because the usurper refused to submit to the authority of his father-in-law Galerius. At the Conference of Carnuntum which was held in October or November of 308, Licinius was made an Augustus on 11 November 308; his realm included Thrace, Illyricum, and Pannonia.

Licinius' Early Reign

Although Licinius was initially appointed by Galerius to replace Severus to end the revolt of Maxentius , Licinius (perhaps wisely) made no effort to move against the usurper. In fact, his first attested victory was against the Sarmatians probably in the late spring, but no later than the end of June in 310. When the Emperor Galerius died in 311, Licinius met Maximinus Daia at the Bosporus during the early summer of that year; they concluded a treaty and divided Galerius' realm between them. It was little more than a year later that the Emperor Constantine defeated Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge on 28 October 312. After the defeat of the usurper, Constantine and Licinius met at Mediolanum (Milan) where Licinius married the former's sister Constantia; one child was born of this union: Valerius Licinianus Licinius. Licinius had another son, born of a slave woman, whose name is unknown. It appears that both emperors promulgated the so-called Edict of Milan, in which Constantine and Licinius granted Christians the freedom to practice their faith without any interference from the state.

As soon as he seems to have learned about the marital alliance between Licinius and Constantine and the death of Maxentius, who had been his ally, Daia traversed Asia Minor and, in April 313, he crossed the Bosporus and went to Byzantium, which he took from Licinius after an eleven day siege. On 30 April 313 the armies of both emperors clashed on the Campus Ergenus; in the ensuing battle Daia's forces were routed. A last ditch stand by Daia at the Cilician Gates failed; the eastern emperor subsequently died in the area of Tarsus probably in July or August 313. As soon as he arrived in Nicomedeia, Licinius promulgated the Edict of Milan. As soon as he had matters in Nicomedeia straightened out, Licinius campaigned against the Persians in the remaining part of 313 and the opening months of 314.

The First Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine

Once Licinius had defeated Maximinus Daia, the sole rulers of the Roman world were he and Constantine. It is obvious that the marriage of Licinius to Constantia was simply a union of convenience. In any case, there is evidence in the sources that both emperors were looking for an excuse to attack the other. The affair involving Bassianus (the husband of Constantius I's daughter Anastasia ), mentioned in the text of Anonymus Valesianus (5.14ff), may have sparked the falling out between the two emperors. In any case, Constantine' s forces joined battle with those of Licinius at Cibalae in Pannonia on 8 October 314. When the battle was over, Constantine prevailed; his victory, however, was Pyrrhic. Both emperors had been involved in exhausting military campaigns in the previous year and the months leading up to Cibalae and each of their realms had expanded so fast that their manpower reserves must have been stretched to the limit. Both men retreated to their own territory to lick their wounds. It may well be that the two emperors made an agreement, which has left no direct trace in the historical record, which would effectively restore the status quo.

Both emperors were variously engaged in different activities between 315 and 316. In addition to campaigning against the Germans while residing in Augusta Treverorum (Trier) in 315, Constantine dealt with aspects of the Donatist controversy; he also traveled to Rome where he celebrated his Decennalia. Licinius, possibly residing at Sirmium, was probably waging war against the Goths. Although not much else is known about Licinius' activities during this period, it is probable that he spent much of his time preparing for his impending war against Constantine; the latter,who spent the spring and summer of 316 in Augusta Treverorum, was probably doing much the same thing. In any case, by December 316, the western emperor was in Sardica with his army. Sometime between 1 December and 28 February 317, both emperors' armies joined battle on the Campus Ardiensis; as was the case in the previous engagement, Constantine' s forces were victorious. On 1 March 317, both sides agreed to a cessation of hostilities; possibly because of the intervention of his wife Constantia, Licinius was able to keep his throne, although he had to agree to the execution of his colleague Valens, who the eastern emperor had appointed as his colleague before the battle, as well as to cede some of his territory to his brother-in-law.

Licinius and the Christians

Although the historical record is not completely clear, Licinius seems to have campaigned against the Sarmatians in 318. He also appears to have been in Byzantium in the summer of 318 and later in June 323. Beyond these few facts, not much else is known about his residences until mid summer of 324. Although he and Constantine had issued the Edict of Milan in early 313, Licinius turned on the Christians in his realm seemingly in 320. The first law that Licinius issued prevented bishops from communicating with each other and from holding synods to discuss matters of interest to them. The second law prohibited men and women from attending services together and young girls from receiving instruction from their bishop or schools. When this law was issued, he also gave orders that Christians could hold services only outside of city walls. Additionally, he deprived officers in the army of their commissions if they did not sacrifice to the gods. Licinius may have been trying to incite Constantine to attack him. In any case, the growing tension between the two rulers is reflected in the consular Fasti of the period.

The Second Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine and Licinius' Death

War actually broke out in 321 when Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging some territory in his realm, across the Danube. When he checked a similar invasion of the Goths, who were devastating Thrace, Licinius complained that Constantine had broken the treaty between them. Having assembled a fleet and army at Thessalonica, Constantine advanced toward Adrianople. Licinius engaged the forces of his brother-in-law near the banks of the Hebrus River on 3 July 324 where he was routed; with as many men as he could gather, he headed for his fleet which was in the Hellespont. Those of his soldiers who were not killed or put to flight, surrendered to the enemy. Licinius fled to Byzantium, where he was besieged by Constantine. Licinius' fleet, under the command of the admiral Abantus, was overcome by bad weather and by Constantine' s fleet which was under the command of his son Crispus. Hard pressed in Byzantium, Licinius abandoned the city to his rival and fled to Chalcedon in Bithynia. Leaving Martinianus, his former magister officiorum and now his co-ruler, to impede Constantine' s progress, Licinius regrouped his forces and engaged his enemy at Chrysopolis where he was again routed on 18 September 324. He fled to Nicomedeia which Constantine began to besiege. On the next day Licinius abdicated and was sent to Thessalonica, where he was kept under house arrest. Both Licinius and his associate were put to death by Constantine. Martinianus may have been put to death before the end of 324, whereas Licinius was not put to death until the spring of 325. Rumors circulated that Licinius had been put to death because he attempted another rebellion against Constantine.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
Licin1AEFolJupiAlex.jpg
1308c, Licinius I, 308-324 A.D. (Alexandria)66 viewsLicinius I, 308-324 A.D. AE Follis, 3.60g, VF, 315 A.D., Alexandria. Obverse: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG - Laureate head right; Reverse: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG - Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on a globe and scepter; exergue: ALE / (wreath) over "B" over "N." Ref: RIC VII, 10 (B = r2) Rare, page 705 - Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, Scotland.


De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Licinius (308-324 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Licinius' Heritage

Valerius Licinianus Licinius, more commonly known as Licinius, may have been born ca. 265. Of peasant origin, his family was from Dacia. A close friend and comrade of arms of the Emperor Galerius, he accompanied him on his Persian expedition in 297. When campaigns by Severus and Galerius in late 306 or early 307 and in the summer of 307, respectively, failed to dislodge Maxentius who, with the luke warm support of his father Maximianus Herculius, was acclaimed princeps on 28 October 306, he was sent by the eastern emperor to Maxentius as an ambassador; the diplomatic mission, however, failed because the usurper refused to submit to the authority of his father-in-law Galerius. At the Conference of Carnuntum which was held in October or November of 308, Licinius was made an Augustus on 11 November 308; his realm included Thrace, Illyricum, and Pannonia.

Licinius' Early Reign

Although Licinius was initially appointed by Galerius to replace Severus to end the revolt of Maxentius , Licinius (perhaps wisely) made no effort to move against the usurper. In fact, his first attested victory was against the Sarmatians probably in the late spring, but no later than the end of June in 310. When the Emperor Galerius died in 311, Licinius met Maximinus Daia at the Bosporus during the early summer of that year; they concluded a treaty and divided Galerius' realm between them. It was little more than a year later that the Emperor Constantine defeated Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge on 28 October 312. After the defeat of the usurper, Constantine and Licinius met at Mediolanum (Milan) where Licinius married the former's sister Constantia; one child was born of this union: Valerius Licinianus Licinius. Licinius had another son, born of a slave woman, whose name is unknown. It appears that both emperors promulgated the so-called Edict of Milan, in which Constantine and Licinius granted Christians the freedom to practice their faith without any interference from the state.

As soon as he seems to have learned about the marital alliance between Licinius and Constantine and the death of Maxentius, who had been his ally, Daia traversed Asia Minor and, in April 313, he crossed the Bosporus and went to Byzantium, which he took from Licinius after an eleven day siege. On 30 April 313 the armies of both emperors clashed on the Campus Ergenus; in the ensuing battle Daia's forces were routed. A last ditch stand by Daia at the Cilician Gates failed; the eastern emperor subsequently died in the area of Tarsus probably in July or August 313. As soon as he arrived in Nicomedeia, Licinius promulgated the Edict of Milan. As soon as he had matters in Nicomedeia straightened out, Licinius campaigned against the Persians in the remaining part of 313 and the opening months of 314.

The First Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine

Once Licinius had defeated Maximinus Daia, the sole rulers of the Roman world were he and Constantine. It is obvious that the marriage of Licinius to Constantia was simply a union of convenience. In any case, there is evidence in the sources that both emperors were looking for an excuse to attack the other. The affair involving Bassianus (the husband of Constantius I's daughter Anastasia ), mentioned in the text of Anonymus Valesianus (5.14ff), may have sparked the falling out between the two emperors. In any case, Constantine' s forces joined battle with those of Licinius at Cibalae in Pannonia on 8 October 314. When the battle was over, Constantine prevailed; his victory, however, was Pyrrhic. Both emperors had been involved in exhausting military campaigns in the previous year and the months leading up to Cibalae and each of their realms had expanded so fast that their manpower reserves must have been stretched to the limit. Both men retreated to their own territory to lick their wounds. It may well be that the two emperors made an agreement, which has left no direct trace in the historical record, which would effectively restore the status quo.

Both emperors were variously engaged in different activities between 315 and 316. In addition to campaigning against the Germans while residing in Augusta Treverorum (Trier) in 315, Constantine dealt with aspects of the Donatist controversy; he also traveled to Rome where he celebrated his Decennalia. Licinius, possibly residing at Sirmium, was probably waging war against the Goths. Although not much else is known about Licinius' activities during this period, it is probable that he spent much of his time preparing for his impending war against Constantine; the latter,who spent the spring and summer of 316 in Augusta Treverorum, was probably doing much the same thing. In any case, by December 316, the western emperor was in Sardica with his army. Sometime between 1 December and 28 February 317, both emperors' armies joined battle on the Campus Ardiensis; as was the case in the previous engagement, Constantine' s forces were victorious. On 1 March 317, both sides agreed to a cessation of hostilities; possibly because of the intervention of his wife Constantia, Licinius was able to keep his throne, although he had to agree to the execution of his colleague Valens, who the eastern emperor had appointed as his colleague before the battle, as well as to cede some of his territory to his brother-in-law.

Licinius and the Christians

Although the historical record is not completely clear, Licinius seems to have campaigned against the Sarmatians in 318. He also appears to have been in Byzantium in the summer of 318 and later in June 323. Beyond these few facts, not much else is known about his residences until mid summer of 324. Although he and Constantine had issued the Edict of Milan in early 313, Licinius turned on the Christians in his realm seemingly in 320. The first law that Licinius issued prevented bishops from communicating with each other and from holding synods to discuss matters of interest to them. The second law prohibited men and women from attending services together and young girls from receiving instruction from their bishop or schools. When this law was issued, he also gave orders that Christians could hold services only outside of city walls. Additionally, he deprived officers in the army of their commissions if they did not sacrifice to the gods. Licinius may have been trying to incite Constantine to attack him. In any case, the growing tension between the two rulers is reflected in the consular Fasti of the period.

The Second Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine and Licinius' Death

War actually broke out in 321 when Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging some territory in his realm, across the Danube. When he checked a similar invasion of the Goths, who were devastating Thrace, Licinius complained that Constantine had broken the treaty between them. Having assembled a fleet and army at Thessalonica, Constantine advanced toward Adrianople. Licinius engaged the forces of his brother-in-law near the banks of the Hebrus River on 3 July 324 where he was routed; with as many men as he could gather, he headed for his fleet which was in the Hellespont. Those of his soldiers who were not killed or put to flight, surrendered to the enemy. Licinius fled to Byzantium, where he was besieged by Constantine. Licinius' fleet, under the command of the admiral Abantus, was overcome by bad weather and by Constantine' s fleet which was under the command of his son Crispus. Hard pressed in Byzantium, Licinius abandoned the city to his rival and fled to Chalcedon in Bithynia. Leaving Martinianus, his former magister officiorum and now his co-ruler, to impede Constantine' s progress, Licinius regrouped his forces and engaged his enemy at Chrysopolis where he was again routed on 18 September 324. He fled to Nicomedeia which Constantine began to besiege. On the next day Licinius abdicated and was sent to Thessalonica, where he was kept under house arrest. Both Licinius and his associate were put to death by Constantine. Martinianus may have been put to death before the end of 324, whereas Licinius was not put to death until the spring of 325. Rumors circulated that Licinius had been put to death because he attempted another rebellion against Constantine.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
131a.jpg
131a Constantius II. AE 3/4 2.4gm21 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, one standard
ex: SMANr or S
1 commentshill132
131b.jpg
131b Constantius II. AE Centenionalis 19 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia.drp. cuir. bust r., A behind
rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM emp. in military dress star above, holding standard in each hand with CHI RHO in banner
ex: III//BSIS(crescent)
hill132
131c.jpg
131c Constantius II. AE 3/4 15 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOC C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: .(delta)SIS.
hill132
131d.jpg
131d Constantius II. AE 3 2.6gm23 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMANZ
hill132
131f.jpg
131f Constantius II. AE Centenionalis 24 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO in banner. two captives at feet
ex: *//AN(epsilon)
hill132
131g.jpg
131g Constantius II. AE Centenionalis14 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO on banner. two captives at feet
ex: *//ALEr
hill132
131h.jpg
131h Constantius II. AE Centenionalis18 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with RHI RHO in banner, two captives at feet
ex: *//ALEr
hill132
131i.jpg
131i Constantius II. AE Centenionalis17 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG ros. dia. drp. ust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO on banner, two captive at feet
ex: ALEA
hill132
131j.jpg
131j Constantius II. AE Centenionalis11 viewsobv: DN COSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bustl. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO on banner. two captives at feet
ex: r//CONSH*
hill132
131k.jpg
131k Constantius II. AE Centenionalis19 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO on banner, two captives at feet
ex: CONSA
hill132
131l.jpg
131l Constantius II. AE Centenionalis12 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO on banner,two captives at feet
ex: SMK(delta)
hill132
131m.jpg
131m Constantius II. AE 3 2.1gm11 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: .rSIS.
hill132
131n.jpg
131n Constantius II. AE3 2.5gm12 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: .rSIS.
hill132
131q.jpg
131q Constantius II. AE3 9 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMANZ
hill132
131r.jpg
131r Constantius II. AE3 13 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMANTH
hill132
131s.jpg
131s Constantius II. AE314 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: CONSS
hill132
132a.jpg
132a Constantius Gallus. AE18mm16 viewsobv: DN FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES bare headed drp. bust r.
rev: FEL TEMP RE_PARATIO soldier spearing falling horseman, shield on ground
ex: CONSA
hill132
132b.jpg
132b Constantius Gallus. AE18mm24 viewsobv: DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES bare headed drp. bust r.
rev: FEL TEMP RE_PARATIO soldier spearing falling horseman, shield on ground
ex: SMNS
1 commentshill132
rjb_con_1379_11_05.jpg
1379 Antioch47 viewsConstantius II
LRBC I 1379
RIC VIII 44
mauseus
IMG_2323_(1).JPG
14 Constantius II59 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, A behind/FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up, A in left field, TS Delta in ex
Thessalonica 129 scarce.
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3424.jpg
14 Constantius II37 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, A behind/FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up, A in left field, TS Delta in ex
Thessalonica 129 scarce.
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3657.jpg
14 Constantius II51 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, holding globe
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearinf fallen horseman, wearing Phrygian helmet, forwards, clutching
TSЄ*
Thessalonica 115
Scarce
EX DS
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3659.jpg
14 Constantius II23 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
TEMP RE-PARARATIO
soldier spearing fallen horseman, bare-headed, reaching
TSA / ·S· left
Thessalonica 185?
C2

ex DS
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_3655.jpg
14 Constantius II35 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right; Δ behind head
FEL TMEMP RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing a falling horseman, bare-headed, reaching
TSA
Thessalonica 180
C3
ex DS
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4763.jpg
14 Constantius II36 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, A behind/FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up, A in left field, TS Delta in ex
Thessalonica 129 scarce.
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
140-Theodora_AE-4_FL-MAX-THEO-DORAE-AVG_PIETAS-ROMANA-dot_CONS-E_RIC-VIII-36-p-449_C-4_Constantinopolis_330-AD_Q-001_11h_15,5-16mm_1,79g-s.jpg
140 Theodora (305-306 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, Constantinopolis, RIC VIII 036, -/-//CONSE, PIETAS ROMANA•, Pietas facing, head right,65 views140 Theodora (305-306 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, Constantinopolis, RIC VIII 036, -/-//CONSE, PIETAS ROMANA•, Pietas facing, head right,
2nd wife of Constantius I. (Chlorus).
avers:- FL-MAX-THEO-DORAE-AVG, Bust of Theodora right, wearing plain mantle and necklace, hair elaborately dressed.
revers:- PIETAS-ROMANA-•, Pietas facing, head right, carrying an infant at her breast.
exergo: -/-//CONSE, diameter: 15,5-16mm, weight:1,79g, axis: 11h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: 330 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-36, p-449,
Q-001
quadrans
140-Theodora_AE-4_FL-MAX-THEO-DORAE-AVG_PIETAS-ROMANA_TRS-Plam_RIC-VIII-91-p-144_Trier_340-AD_Q-001_0h_13,5-14,5mm_1,71g-s.jpg
140 Theodora (305-306 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, Trier, RIC VIII 091, -/-//TRS Palm, PIETAS ROMANA, Pietas facing, head right,76 views140 Theodora (305-306 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, Trier, RIC VIII 091, -/-//TRS Palm, PIETAS ROMANA, Pietas facing, head right,
2nd wife of Constantius I. (Chlorus).
avers:- FL-MAX-THEO-DORAE-AVG, Bust of Theodora right, wearing plain mantle and necklace, hair elaborately dressed.
revers:- PIETAS-ROMANA, Pietas facing, head right, carrying an infant at her breast.
exergo: -/-//TRS Palm, diameter: 13,5-14,5mm, weight:1,71g, axis: 0h,
mint: Trier, date: 340 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-91, p-144,
Q-001
quadrans
St.Helena.jpg
1401a, St. Helena, Augusta 8 November 324 - 328 to 330 A.D., mother of Constantine the Great96 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 148, VF, Alexandria mint, 3.243g, 19.4mm, 165o, 327 - 328 A.D. Obverse: FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and mantled bust right wearing double necklace; Reverse: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE, Securitas holding branch downward in right and lifting fold of robe in left, wreath left, I right, SMAL in exergue; rare.

The mother of Constantine the Great, born about the middle of the third century, possibly in Drepanum (later known as Helenopolis) on the Nicomedian Gulf; died about 330. She was of humble parentage; St. Ambrose, in his "Oratio de obitu Theodosii", referred to her as a stabularia, or inn-keeper. Nevertheless, she became the lawful wife of Constantius Chlorus. Her first and only son, Constantine, was born in Naissus in Upper Moesia, in the year 274. The statement made by English chroniclers of the Middle Ages, according to which Helena was supposed to have been the daughter of a British prince, is entirely without historical foundation. It may arise from the misinterpretation of a term used in the fourth chapter of the panegyric on Constantine's marriage with Fausta, that Constantine, oriendo (i. e., "by his beginnings," "from the outset") had honoured Britain, which was taken as an allusion to his birth, whereas the reference was really to the beginning of his reign.

On the death of Constantius Chlorus, in 308, Constantine, who succeeded him, summoned his mother to the imperial court, conferred on her the title of Augusta, ordered that all honour should be paid her as the mother of the sovereign, and had coins struck bearing her effigy. Her son's influence caused her to embrace Christianity after his victory over Maxentius. This is directly attested by Eusebius (Vita Constantini, III, xlvii): "She (his mother) became under his (Constantine's) influence such a devout servant of God, that one might believe her to have been from her very childhood a disciple of the Redeemer of mankind". It is also clear from the declaration of the contemporary historian of the Church that Helena, from the time of her conversion had an earnestly Christian life and by her influence and liberality favoured the wider spread of Christianity. Tradition links her name with the building of Christian churches in the cities of the West, where the imperial court resided, notably at Rome and Trier, and there is no reason for rejecting this tradition, for we know positively through Eusebius that Helena erected churches on the hallowed spots of Palestine. Despite her advanced age she undertook a journey to Palestine when Constantine, through his victory over Licinius, had become sole master of the Roman Empire, subsequently, therefore, to the year 324. It was in Palestine, as we learn from Eusebius (loc. cit., xlii), that she had resolved to bring to God, the King of kings, the homage and tribute of her devotion. She lavished on that land her bounties and good deeds, she "explored it with remarkable discernment", and "visited it with the care and solicitude of the emperor himself". Then, when she "had shown due veneration to the footsteps of the Saviour", she had two churches erected for the worship of God: one was raised in Bethlehem near the Grotto of the Nativity, the other on the Mount of the Ascension, near Jerusalem. She also embellished the sacred grotto with rich ornaments. This sojourn in Jerusalem proved the starting-point of the legend first recorded by Rufinus as to the discovery of the Cross of Christ.

Constantine I, in 327, improved Drepanum, his mother's native town, and decreed that it should be called Helenopolis, it is probable that the latter returned from Palestine to her son who was then residing in the Orient. Constantine was with her when she died, at the advanced age of eighty years or thereabouts (Eusebius, "Vita Const.", III, xlvi). This must have been about the year 330, for the last coins which are known to have been stamped with her name bore this date. Her body was brought to Constantinople and laid to rest in the imperial vault of the church of the Apostles. It is presumed that her remains were transferred in 849 to the Abbey of Hautvillers, in the French Archdiocese of Reims, as recorded by the monk Altmann in his "Translatio". She was revered as a saint, and the veneration spread, early in the ninth century, even to Western countries. Her feast falls on 18 August.

(See The Catholic Encyclopedia: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07202b.htm)

Cleisthenes
CTG_SisCmpGte.jpg
1403i, Constantine I (the Great), early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D. (Siscia)42 viewsSilvered AE 3, RIC 214, VF, Siscia mint, 3.187g, 19.3mm, 0o, 328 - 329 A.D.
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right; Reverse PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, campgate with two turrets, star above, ASIS and double crescent in exergue.

Flavius Valerius Constantinus, Constantine the Great, was the son of Helena and the First Tetrarchic ruler Constantius I. Constantine is most famous for his conversion to Christianity and the battle of the Milvian Bridge where he defeated emperor Maxentius. It is reputed that before the battle, he saw the words "In Hoc Signo Victor Eris" (By this sign you shall conquer) emblazoned on the sun around the Chi Rho, the symbol of Christianity. Other sources claim the vision came to Constantine I in a dream. The story continues that after placing this Christogram on the shields of his army, he defeated his opponent and thus ruled the empire through divine providence. Constantine I also shifted the capital of the empire to Constantinople, establishing the foundation for an Empire that would last another 1000 years. He died in 337 and his sons divided the Roman territories.

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power, and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he reputedly told a group of bishops, "You are bishops of those within the church, but I am perhaps a bishop appointed by God of those outside." Whatever the motives for his decision to support Christianity, Christianity benefitted from the arrangement. So, too, did Constantine. It was a match made in heaven.
J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

For perhaps the best Constantine The Great site on the web, see Victor Clark's Constantine The Great Coins: http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/
Cleisthenes
CTG_ThesCmpGte.jpg
1403j, Constantine I (the Great), early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D. (Thessalonica)26 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 153, VF, Thessalonica mint, 2.955g, 19.7mm, 0o, 326 - 328 A.D. Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right; Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, campgate with two turrets, star above, dot right, SMTSG in exergue.

Flavius Valerius Constantinus, Constantine the Great, was the son of Helena and the First Tetrarchic ruler Constantius I. Constantine is most famous for his conversion to Christianity and the battle of the Milvian Bridge where he defeated emperor Maxentius. It is reputed that before the battle, he saw the words "In Hoc Signo Victor Eris" (By this sign you shall conquer) emblazoned on the sun around the Chi Rho, the symbol of Christianity. Other sources claim the vision came to Constantine I in a dream. The story continues that after placing this Christogram on the shields of his army, he defeated his opponent and thus ruled the empire through divine providence. Constantine I also shifted the capital of the empire to Constantinople, establishing the foundation for an Empire that would last another 1000 years. He died in 337 and his sons divided the Roman territories.

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power, and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he reputedly told a group of bishops, "You are bishops of those within the church, but I am perhaps a bishop appointed by God of those outside." Whatever the motives for his decision to support Christianity, Christianity benefitted from the arrangement. So, too, did Constantine. It was a match made in heaven.
J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

For perhaps the best Constantine The Great site on the web, see Victor Clark's Constantine The Great Coins: http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/
Cleisthenes
ConstansVot.jpeg
1405a, Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D. (Alexandria)39 viewsBronze AE 4, RIC 37, gVF, Egypt, Alexandria, 1.54g, 15.0mm, 180o, 345-347 A.D. Obverse: D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl diademed head right; Reverse: VOT XX MVLT XXX in wreath, SMALA• in exergue.

Flavius Julius Constans, third and youngest son of Constantine I and Fausta, was born between 320 and 323 A.D. Primary sources for the life and reign of Constans I are scarce. To reconstruct his life and career, one must draw on a variety of references in both fourth century and later works. Raised as a Christian, he was made a Caesar on 25 December 333 A.D. Constans I and his two brothers, after the death of their father on 22 May 337 and the subsequent "massacre of the princes" in which many other relatives were purged, met in the first part of September 337 in Pannonia to re-divide the empire among themselves. There they were acclaimed Augusti by the army. Constans' new realm included Italy, Africa, Illyricum, Macedonia, and Achaea. Shortly before his father's death, Constans' engagement to Olympias, the daughter of the Praetorian Prefect Ablabius, was announced; although the match was never solemnized because of political reasons.

It would appear that Constans was successful in the military sphere. Following his accession to the purple in 337, he seems to have won a victory over the Sarmatians. In 340 Constans was able to beat back an attempt by his brother Constantine II to seize some of his realm. The latter died in a battle fought near Aquileia and Constans absorbed his late brother's territory. In 341 and 342 he conducted a successful campaign against the Franci. He also visited Britain in 343, probably on a military campaign.

As an emperor Constans gets mixed reviews. In what may be a topos, sources suggest that the first part of his reign was moderate but in later years, however, he became overbearing. The emperor apparently attempted to obtain as much money as he could from his subjects and sold government posts to the highest bidder. His favorites were allowed to oppress his subjects. Sources also condemn his homosexuality. He did have some military success and, in addition to other military threats, he had to deal with Donatist-related bandits in North Africa.

Like his father Constantine I and his brother Constantius II, Constans had a deep interest in Christianity. Together with Constantius II he issued (or perhaps re-issued) a ban against pagan sacrifice in 341. The next year, they cautioned against the destruction of pagan temples. Unlike his brother Constantius II, who supported the Arian faction, he stood shoulder to shoulder with Athanasius and other members of the Orthodox clique. In fact, it is due to his request that the Council of Serdica was called to deal with the ecclesiastical squabble between Athanasius of Alexandria and Paul of Constantinople on one side and the Arian faction on the other.

When Magnentius was declared emperor in Gaul during January 350, Constans realized his reign was at an end. When he learned of the revolt, he fled toward Helena, a town in the Pyrenees. Constans was put to death by Gaeso and a band of Magnentius' assassins, who dragged their victim from a temple in which he had sought refuge.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University and Robert Frakes, Clarion UniversityPublished: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
Constans.jpg
1405n, Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D. (Siscia)56 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D. Bronze AE 3, RIC 241, S 3978, VM 69, VF, Siscia, 2.32g, 18.3mm, 180o. Obverse: D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Phoenix radiate, standing on rocky mound, GSIS and symbol in ex; nice green patina.

Flavius Julius Constans, third and youngest son of Constantine I and Fausta, was born between 320 and 323 A.D. Primary sources for the life and reign of Constans I are scarce. To reconstruct his life and career, one must draw on a variety of references in both fourth century and later works. Raised as a Christian, he was made a Caesar on 25 December 333 A.D. Constans I and his two brothers, after the death of their father on 22 May 337 and the subsequent "massacre of the princes" in which many other relatives were purged, met in the first part of September 337 in Pannonia to re-divide the empire among themselves. There they were acclaimed Augusti by the army. Constans' new realm included Italy, Africa, Illyricum, Macedonia, and Achaea. Shortly before his father's death, Constans' engagement to Olympias, the daughter of the Praetorian Prefect Ablabius, was announced; although the match was never solemnized because of political reasons.

It would appear that Constans was successful in the military sphere. Following his accession to the purple in 337, he seems to have won a victory over the Sarmatians. In 340 Constans was able to beat back an attempt by his brother Constantine II to seize some of his realm. The latter died in a battle fought near Aquileia and Constans absorbed his late brother's territory. In 341 and 342 he conducted a successful campaign against the Franci. He also visited Britain in 343, probably on a military campaign.

As an emperor Constans gets mixed reviews. In what may be a topos, sources suggest that the first part of his reign was moderate but in later years, however, he became overbearing. The emperor apparently attempted to obtain as much money as he could from his subjects and sold government posts to the highest bidder. His favorites were allowed to oppress his subjects. Sources also condemn his homosexuality. He did have some military success and, in addition to other military threats, he had to deal with Donatist-related bandits in North Africa.

Like his father Constantine I and his brother Constantius II, Constans had a deep interest in Christianity. Together with Constantius II he issued (or perhaps re-issued) a ban against pagan sacrifice in 341. The next year, they cautioned against the destruction of pagan temples. Unlike his brother Constantius II, who supported the Arian faction, he stood shoulder to shoulder with Athanasius and other members of the Orthodox clique. In fact, it is due to his request that the Council of Serdica was called to deal with the ecclesiastical squabble between Athanasius of Alexandria and Paul of Constantinople on one side and the Arian faction on the other.

When Magnentius was declared emperor in Gaul during January 350, Constans realized his reign was at an end. When he learned of the revolt, he fled toward Helena, a town in the Pyrenees. Constans was put to death by Gaeso and a band of Magnentius' assassins, who dragged their victim from a temple in which he had sought refuge.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University and Robert Frakes, Clarion University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
U2476F1OVDKUXTA.jpeg
1405t, Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D. (Thessalonica )39 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D., Bronze AE 3, unattributed; Thessalonica mint, 2.25g, 18.9mm, 0; aVF.

Flavius Julius Constans, third and youngest son of Constantine I and Fausta, was born between 320 and 323 A.D. Primary sources for the life and reign of Constans I are scarce. To reconstruct his life and career, one must draw on a variety of references in both fourth century and later works. Raised as a Christian, he was made a Caesar on 25 December 333 A.D. Constans I and his two brothers, after the death of their father on 22 May 337 and the subsequent "massacre of the princes" in which many other relatives were purged, met in the first part of September 337 in Pannonia to re-divide the empire among themselves. There they were acclaimed Augusti by the army. Constans' new realm included Italy, Africa, Illyricum, Macedonia, and Achaea. Shortly before his father's death, Constans' engagement to Olympias, the daughter of the Praetorian Prefect Ablabius, was announced; although the match was never solemnized because of political reasons.

It would appear that Constans was successful in the military sphere. Following his accession to the purple in 337, he seems to have won a victory over the Sarmatians. In 340 Constans was able to beat back an attempt by his brother Constantine II to seize some of his realm. The latter died in a battle fought near Aquileia and Constans absorbed his late brother's territory. In 341 and 342 he conducted a successful campaign against the Franci. He also visited Britain in 343, probably on a military campaign.

As an emperor Constans gets mixed reviews. In what may be a topos, sources suggest that the first part of his reign was moderate but in later years, however, he became overbearing. The emperor apparently attempted to obtain as much money as he could from his subjects and sold government posts to the highest bidder. His favorites were allowed to oppress his subjects. Sources also condemn his homosexuality. He did have some military success and, in addition to other military threats, he had to deal with Donatist-related bandits in North Africa.

Like his father Constantine I and his brother Constantius II, Constans had a deep interest in Christianity. Together with Constantius II he issued (or perhaps re-issued) a ban against pagan sacrifice in 341. The next year, they cautioned against the destruction of pagan temples. Unlike his brother Constantius II, who supported the Arian faction, he stood shoulder to shoulder with Athanasius and other members of the Orthodox clique. In fact, it is due to his request that the Council of Serdica was called to deal with the ecclesiastical squabble between Athanasius of Alexandria and Paul of Constantinople on one side and the Arian faction on the other.

When Magnentius was declared emperor in Gaul during January 350, Constans realized his reign was at an end. When he learned of the revolt, he fled toward Helena, a town in the Pyrenees. Constans was put to death by Gaeso and a band of Magnentius' assassins, who dragged their victim from a temple in which he had sought refuge.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University and Robert Frakes, Clarion University.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Cnstntine2.jpg
1406a, Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D. (Antioch)28 viewsConstantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D. Bronze AE 3, RIC 87, gVF, Antioch, 2.17g, 17.6mm, 0o, 330-335 A.D. Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers, each holding spear and shield on ground, flanking two standards, SMANE in exergue.

Constantine II (February 317 - 340) was Roman Emperor (337 - 340). The eldest son of Constantine I the Great and Fausta, he was born at Arles. Following the death of his father in 337, Constantine II became Emperor jointly with his brothers Constantius II and Constans. His section of the Empire was Gaul, Britain and Spain. At first, he was the guardian of his younger brother Constans, whose portion was Italy, Africa and Illyria. As Constans came of age, Constantine would not relinquish the guardianship, and in 340 he marched against Constans in Italy, but was defeated at Aquileia and died in battle. Constans came to control Constantine II's portion of the empire.
Cleisthenes
Constantine2.jpg
1406c, Constantine II, 337-340 A.D.36 viewsConstantine II, 317-340. AE3, RIC VII, 74 ('theta' = r), page 581 2.22 grams, 333-335 AD, Constantinople mint, VF. Obverse : CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C - Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS - Two soldiers looking in at each other and both holding a spear; between them, two standards. CONS (theta) (dot) in exergue. Rare.

Constantine II (February 317 - 340) was Roman Emperor (337 - 340). The eldest son of Constantine I the Great and Fausta, he was born at Arles. Following the death of his father in 337, Constantine II became Emperor jointly with his brothers Constantius II and Constans. His section of the Empire was Gaul, Britain and Spain. At first, he was the guardian of his younger brother Constans, whose portion was Italy, Africa and Illyria. As Constans came of age, Constantine would not relinquish the guardianship, and in 340 he marched against Constans in Italy, but was defeated at Aquileia and died in battle. Constans came to control Constantine II's portion of the empire.
Cleisthenes
U809F1JMXNTCBT.jpg
1407a, Constantius II, 337-361 A.D. (Antioch)51 viewsAE4, 337-361 A.D. Antioch, aVF/VF,Obv:– DN CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl and rosette diadem, head right/R: Wreath with VOT XX MVLT XXX, SMANB in exe.RIC VIII Antioch 113,Item ref: RI170b.

AE3, 2.80 grams, 330-333, Heraclea, aVF. Obv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C - Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS - Two soldiers looking in at each other and both holding a spear; between them, two standards Exe: SMHB.

Constantius II was born in Illyricum in August AD 317, the son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, and was proclaimed Caesar in AD 323.

In AD 337, at the death of his father Constantine, he acceded to the throne together with his two brothers Constantine II and Constans. But this accession by the three brothers was tainted by the murder of their cousins Dalmatius and Hannibalianus, whom Constantine had also intended as joint heirs. These murders are believed to have been masterminded by Constantius II.

Eventually, Constantius II was left as the sole emperor of the Roman empire. Constantius elevated his cousin, Julian, to the rank of Caesar (junior emperor) and gave him his sister Helena in marriage. Julian was assigned the task of dealing with the Frankish leader, Silvanus, who had proclaimed himself emepror at Colonia Agrippina. Julian's success led his men to declare him Augustus. Julian, while reluctant to take the throne, accepted.

Constantius II, therefore, left the Mesopotamian frontier and marched his troops west, seeking to deal with the usurper. As he reached Cilicia in the winter of AD 361, he was overcome by a sudden fever and died at Mopsucrene. Julian, the Apostate, succeded him as Emperor.

Our chief source for Constantius' reign is the great historian Ammianus Marcellinus. He presents a mixed view of that emperor. In some ways a sound administrator and competent general, Constantius is also portrayed as easily influenced by those around him such as his wives, courtiers and the eunuchs of the court (Ammianus 21. 16. 16). Ammianus (21.16.18) also attacks Constantius' great interest in Church affairs--alleging that he bankrupted the courier service with calls for Church councils. Of course, imperial interest in Church affairs was a major policy of his father Constantine and it may be that Constantius was trying to emulate his model (if only with mixed success). Indeed, Constantius II (like his brothers Constantine II and Constans) was raised a Christian. Among his many laws is the famous CTh 16.10.2 of 341 which either prohibited or re-issued his father's prohibition of pagan sacrifices. Sympathetic to Arianism, he spent a great deal of his reign calling Church councils. One of the longest-reigned emperors in Roman history, Constantius is hard for the modern historian to fully understand both due to his own actions and due to the interests of the authors of primary sources for his reign.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University & Robert Frakes, Clarion University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
Cnstntius2b.jpg
1407h, Constantius II, 337-361 A.D. (Heraclea)32 viewsConstantius II 337-361 A.D. AE3, 2.80 grams, 330-333, Heraclea, aVF. Obverse: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C - Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed; Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS - Two soldiers looking in at each other and both holding a spear; between them, two standards; SMHB in exergue.

Constantius II was born in Illyricum in August AD 317, the son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, and was proclaimed Caesar in AD 323.

In AD 337, at the death of his father Constantine, he acceded to the throne together with his two brothers Constantine II and Constans. But this accession by the three brothers was tainted by the murder of their cousins Dalmatius and Hannibalianus, whom Constantine had also intended as joint heirs. These murders are believed to have been masterminded by Constantius II.

Eventually, Constantius II was left as the sole emperor of the Roman empire. Constantius elevated his cousin, Julian, to the rank of Caesar (junior emperor) and gave him his sister Helena in marriage. Julian was assigned the task of dealing with the Frankish leader, Silvanus, who had proclaimed himself emepror at Colonia Agrippina. Julian's success led his men to declare him Augustus. Julian, while reluctant to take the throne, accepted.

Constantius II, therefore, left the Mesopotamian frontier and marched his troops west, seeking to deal with the usurper. As he reached Cilicia in the winter of AD 361, he was overcome by a sudden fever and died at Mopsucrene. Julian, the Apostate, succeded him as Emperor.

Our chief source for Constantius' reign is the great historian Ammianus Marcellinus. He presents a mixed view of that emperor. In some ways a sound administrator and competent general, Constantius is also portrayed as easily influenced by those around him such as his wives, courtiers and the eunuchs of the court (Ammianus 21. 16. 16). Ammianus (21.16.18) also attacks Constantius' great interest in Church affairs--alleging that he bankrupted the courier service with calls for Church councils. Of course, imperial interest in Church affairs was a major policy of his father Constantine and it may be that Constantius was trying to emulate his model (if only with mixed success). Indeed, Constantius II (like his brothers Constantine II and Constans) was raised a Christian. Among his many laws is the famous CTh 16.10.2 of 341 which either prohibited or re-issued his father's prohibition of pagan sacrifices. Sympathetic to Arianism, he spent a great deal of his reign calling Church councils. One of the longest-reigned emperors in Roman history, Constantius is hard for the modern historian to fully understand both due to his own actions and due to the interests of the authors of primary sources for his reign.
By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University & Robert Frakes, Clarion University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Constantius II.jpg
1407r, Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.39 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 272, aVF, 2.203g, 18.1mm, 0o, Rome mint, 352 - 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, RT in ex.

Constantius II was born in Illyricum in August AD 317, the son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, and was proclaimed Caesar in AD 323.

In AD 337, at the death of his father Constantine, he acceded to the throne together with his two brothers Constantine II and Constans. But this accession by the three brothers was tainted by the murder of their cousins Dalmatius and Hannibalianus, whom Constantine had also intended as joint heirs. These murders are believed to have been masterminded by Constantius II.

Eventually, Constantius II was left as the sole emperor of the Roman empire. Constantius elevated Julian to the rank of Caesar (junior emperor) and gave him his sister Helena in marriage. Julian was assigned the task of dealing with the Frankish leader, Silvanus, who had proclaimed himself emepror at Colonia Agrippina. Julian's success lead his men to declare him Augustus. Julian, while reluctant to take the throne, accepted.

Constantius II, therefore left the Mesopotamian frontier and marched his troops west, seeking to deal with the usurper. As he reached Cilicia in the winter of AD 361, he was overcome by a sudden fever and died at Mopsucrene. Julian, the Apostate, succeded him as Emperor.

Our chief source for Constantius' reign is the great historian Ammianus Marcellinus. He presents a mixed view of that emperor. In some ways a sound administrator and competent general, Constantius is also portrayed as easily influenced by those around him such as his wives, courtiers and the eunuchs of the court (Ammianus 21. 16. 16). Ammianus (21.16.18) also attacks Constantius' great interest in Church affairs--alleging that he bankrupted the courier service with calls for Church councils. Of course, imperial interest in Church affairs was a major policy of his father Constantine and it may be that Constantius was trying to emulate his model (if only with mixed success). Indeed, Constantius II (like his brothers Constantine II and Constans) was raised a Christian. Among his many laws is the famous CTh 16.10.2 of 341 which either prohibited or re-issued his father's prohibition of pagan sacrifices. Sympathetic to Arianism, he spent a great deal of his reign calling Church councils. One of the longest-reigned emperors in Roman history, Constantius is hard for the modern historian to fully understand both due to his own actions and due to the interests of the authors of primary sources for his reign.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University & Robert Frakes, Clarion University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.



Cleisthenes
Constantius_Gallus.jpg
1408a, Constantius Gallus, Caesar 28 September 351 - winter 354 A.D. (Cyzicus)62 viewsBronze half centenionalis, RIC 106, F, Cyzicus mint, 2.603g, 18.8mm, 0o, 351-354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, SMKE in exergue.

Constantius Gallus was a cousin of Constantius II and was made Caesar in 351 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces while Constantius II was in the West. His rule was so harsh and cruel that Constantius recalled him to Milan, and then had him arrested and executed before he reached Italy.
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1409a, Julian II "the Philosopher," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.143 viewsJulian II, A.D. 360-363; RIC 167; VF; 2.7g, 20mm; Constantinople mint; Obverse: DN FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted & cuirassed bust right, holding spear & shield; Reverse: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines within wreath; CONSPB in exergue; Attractive green patina. Ex Nemesis.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Julian the Apostate (360-363 A.D.)

Walter E. Roberts, Emory University
Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University

Introduction

The emperor Flavius Claudius Julianus reigned from 360 to 26 June 363, when he was killed fighting against the Persians. Despite his short rule, his emperorship was pivotal in the development of the history of the later Roman empire. This essay is not meant to be a comprehensive look at the various issues central to the reign of Julian and the history of the later empire. Rather, this short work is meant to be a brief history and introduction for the general reader. Julian was the last direct descendent of the Constantinian line to ascend to the purple, and it is one of history's great ironies that he was the last non-Christian emperor. As such, he has been vilified by most Christian sources, beginning with John Chrysostom and Gregory Nazianzus in the later fourth century. This tradition was picked up by the fifth century Eusebian continuators Sozomen, Socrates Scholasticus, and Theodoret and passed on to scholars down through the 20th century. Most contemporary sources, however, paint a much more balanced picture of Julian and his reign. The adoption of Christianity by emperors and society, while still a vital concern, was but one of several issues that concerned Julian.

It is fortunate that extensive writings from Julian himself exist, which help interpret his reign in the light of contemporary evidence. Still extant are some letters, several panegyrics, and a few satires. Other contemporary sources include the soldier Ammianus Marcellinus' history, correspondence between Julian and Libanius of Antioch, several panegyrics, laws from the Theodosian Code, inscriptions, and coinage. These sources show Julian's emphasis on restoration. He saw himself as the restorer of the traditional values of Roman society. Of course much of this was rhetoric, meant to defend Julian against charges that he was a usurper. At the same time this theme of restoration was central to all emperors of the fourth century. Julian thought that he was the one emperor who could regain what was viewed as the lost glory of the Roman empire. To achieve this goal he courted select groups of social elites to get across his message of restoration. This was the way that emperors functioned in the fourth century. By choosing whom to include in the sharing of power, they sought to shape society.

Early Life

Julian was born at Constantinople in 331. His father was Julius Constantius, half-brother of the emperor Constantine through Constantius Chlorus, and his mother was Basilina, Julius' second wife. Julian had two half-brothers via Julius' first marriage. One of these was Gallus, who played a major role in Julian's life. Julian appeared destined for a bright future via his father's connection to the Constantinian house. After many years of tense relations with his three half-brothers, Constantine seemed to have welcomed them into the fold of the imperial family. From 333 to 335, Constantine conferred a series of honors upon his three half-siblings, including appointing Julius Constantius as one of the consuls for 335. Julian's mother was equally distinguished. Ammianus related that she was from a noble family. This is supported by Libanius, who claimed that she was the daughter of Julius Julianus, a Praetorian Prefect under Licinius, who was such a model of administrative virtue that he was pardoned and honored by Constantine.

Despite the fact that his mother died shortly after giving birth to him, Julian experienced an idyllic early childhood. This ended when Constantius II conducted a purge of many of his relatives shortly after Constantine's death in 337, particularly targeting the families of Constantine's half-brothers. ulian and Gallus were spared, probably due to their young age. Julian was put under the care of Mardonius, a Scythian eunuch who had tutored his mother, in 339, and was raised in the Greek philosophical tradition, and probably lived in Nicomedia. Ammianus also supplied the fact that while in Nicomedia, Julian was cared for by the local bishop Eusebius, of whom the future emperor was a distant relation. Julian was educated by some of the most famous names in grammar and rhetoric in the Greek world at that time, including Nicocles and Hecebolius. In 344 Constantius II sent Julian and Gallus to Macellum in Cappadocia, where they remained for six years. In 351, Gallus was made Caesar by Constantius II and Julian was allowed to return to Nicomedia, where he studied under Aedesius, Eusebius, and Chrysanthius, all famed philosophers, and was exposed to the Neo-Platonism that would become such a prominent part of his life. But Julian was most proud of the time he spent studying under Maximus of Ephesus, a noted Neo-Platonic philospher and theurgist. It was Maximus who completed Julian's full-scale conversion to Neo-Platonism. Later, when he was Caesar, Julian told of how he put letters from this philosopher under his pillows so that he would continue to absorb wisdom while he slept, and while campaigning on the Rhine, he sent his speeches to Maximus for approval before letting others hear them. When Gallus was executed in 354 for treason by Constantius II, Julian was summoned to Italy and essentially kept under house arrest at Comum, near Milan, for seven months before Constantius' wife Eusebia convinced the emperor that Julian posed no threat. This allowed Julian to return to Greece and continue his life as a scholar where he studied under the Neo-Platonist Priscus. Julian's life of scholarly pursuit, however, ended abruptly when he was summoned to the imperial court and made Caesar by Constantius II on 6 November 355.

Julian as Caesar

Constantius II realized an essential truth of the empire that had been evident since the time of the Tetrarchy--the empire was too big to be ruled effectively by one man. Julian was pressed into service as Caesar, or subordinate emperor, because an imperial presence was needed in the west, in particular in the Gallic provinces. Julian, due to the emperor's earlier purges, was the only viable candidate of the imperial family left who could act as Caesar. Constantius enjoined Julian with the task of restoring order along the Rhine frontier. A few days after he was made Caesar, Julian was married to Constantius' sister Helena in order to cement the alliance between the two men. On 1 December 355, Julian journeyed north, and in Augusta Taurinorum he learned that Alamannic raiders had destroyed Colonia Agrippina. He then proceeded to Vienne where he spent the winter. At Vienne, he learned that Augustudunum was also under siege, but was being held by a veteran garrison. He made this his first priority, and arrived there on 24 June 356. When he had assured himself that the city was in no immediate danger, he journeyed to Augusta Treverorum via Autessioduram, and from there to Durocortorum where he rendezvoused with his army. Julian had the army stage a series of punitive strikes around the Dieuse region, and then he moved them towards the Argentoratum/Mongontiacum region when word of barbarian incursions reached him.

From there, Julian moved on to Colonia Agrippina, and negotiated a peace with the local barbarian leaders who had assaulted the city. He then wintered at Senonae. He spent the early part of the campaigning season of 357 fighting off besiegers at Senonae, and then conducting operations around Lugdunum and Tres Tabernae. Later that summer, he encountered his watershed moment as a military general. Ammianus went into great detail about Julian's victory over seven rogue Alamannic chieftains near Argentoratum, and Julian himself bragged about it in his later writing. After this battle, the soldiers acclaimed Julian Augustus, but he rejected this title. After mounting a series of follow-up raids into Alamannic territory, he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia, and on the way defeated some Frankish raiders in the Mosa region. Julian considered this campaign one of the major events of his time as Caesar.

Julian began his 358 military campaigns early, hoping to catch the barbarians by surprise. His first target was the Franks in the northern Rhine region. He then proceeded to restore some forts in the Mosa region, but his soldiers threatened to mutiny because they were on short rations and had not been paid their donative since Julian had become Caesar. After he soothed his soldiers, Julian spent the rest of the summer negotiating a peace with various Alamannic leaders in the mid and lower Rhine areas, and retired to winter quarters at Lutetia. In 359, he prepared once again to carry out a series of punitive expeditions against the Alamanni in the Rhine region who were still hostile to the Roman presence. In preparation, the Caesar repopulated seven previously destroyed cities and set them up as supply bases and staging areas. This was done with the help of the people with whom Julian had negotiated a peace the year before. Julian then had a detachment of lightly armed soldiers cross the Rhine near Mogontiacum and conduct a guerilla strike against several chieftains. As a result of these campaigns, Julian was able to negotiate a peace with all but a handful of the Alamannic leaders, and he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia.

Of course, Julian did more than act as a general during his time as Caesar. According to Ammianus, Julian was an able administrator who took steps to correct the injustices of Constantius' appointees. Ammianus related the story of how Julian prevented Florentius, the Praetorian Prefect of Gaul, from raising taxes, and also how Julian actually took over as governor for the province of Belgica Secunda. Hilary, bishop of Poitiers, supported Ammianus' basic assessment of Julian in this regard when he reported that Julian was an able representative of the emperor to the Gallic provincials. There is also epigraphic evidence to support Julian's popularity amongst the provincial elites. An inscription found near Beneventum in Apulia reads:
"To Flavius Claudius Julianus, most noble and sanctified Caesar, from the caring Tocius Maximus, vir clarissimus, for the care of the res publica from Beneventum".

Tocius Maximus, as a vir clarissimus, was at the highest point in the social spectrum and was a leader in his local community. This inscription shows that Julian was successful in establishing a positive image amongst provincial elites while he was Caesar.

Julian Augustus

In early 360, Constantius, driven by jealousy of Julian's success, stripped Julian of many troops and officers, ostensibly because the emperor needed them for his upcoming campaign against the Persians. One of the legions ordered east, the Petulantes, did not want to leave Gaul because the majority of the soldiers in the unit were from this region. As a result they mutinied and hailed Julian as Augustus at Lutetia. Julian refused this acclamation as he had done at Argentoratum earlier, but the soldiers would have none of his denial. They raised him on a shield and adorned him with a neck chain, which had formerly been the possession of the standard-bearer of the Petulantes and symbolized a royal diadem. Julian appeared reluctantly to acquiesce to their wishes, and promised a generous donative. The exact date of his acclamation is unknown, but most scholars put it in February or March. Julian himself supported Ammianus' picture of a jealous Constantius. In his Letter to the Athenians, a document constructed to answer charges that he was a usurper, Julian stated that from the start he, as Caesar, had been meant as a figurehead to the soldiers and provincials. The real power he claimed lay with the generals and officials already present in Gaul. In fact, according to Julian, the generals were charged with watching him as much as the enemy. His account of the actual acclamation closely followed what Ammianus told us, but he stressed even more his reluctance to take power. Julian claimed that he did so only after praying to Zeus for guidance.

Fearing the reaction of Constantius, Julian sent a letter to his fellow emperor justifying the events at Lutetia and trying to arrange a peaceful solution. This letter berated Constantius for forcing the troops in Gaul into an untenable situation. Ammianus stated that Julian's letter blamed Constantius' decision to transfer Gallic legions east as the reason for the soldiers' rebellion. Julian once again asserted that he was an unwilling participant who was only following the desire of the soldiers. In both of these basic accounts Ammianus and Julian are playing upon the theme of restoration. Implicit in their version of Julian's acclamation is the argument that Constantius was unfit to rule. The soldiers were the vehicle of the gods' will. The Letter to the Athenians is full of references to the fact that Julian was assuming the mantle of Augustus at the instigation of the gods. Ammianus summed up this position nicely when he related the story of how, when Julian was agonizing over whether to accept the soldiers' acclamation, he had a dream in which he was visited by the Genius (guardian spirit) of the Roman state. The Genius told Julian that it had often tried to bestow high honors upon Julian but had been rebuffed. Now, the Genius went on to say, was Julian's final chance to take the power that was rightfully his. If the Caesar refused this chance, the Genius would depart forever, and both Julian and the state would rue Julian's rejection. Julian himself wrote a letter to his friend Maximus of Ephesus in November of 361 detailing his thoughts on his proclamation. In this letter, Julian stated that the soldiers proclaimed him Augustus against his will. Julian, however, defended his accession, saying that the gods willed it and that he had treated his enemies with clemency and justice. He went on to say that he led the troops in propitiating the traditional deities, because the gods commanded him to return to the traditional rites, and would reward him if he fulfilled this duty.

During 360 an uneasy peace simmered between the two emperors. Julian spent the 360 campaigning season continuing his efforts to restore order along the Rhine, while Constantius continued operations against the Persians. Julian wintered in Vienne, and celebrated his Quinquennalia. It was at this time that his wife Helena died, and he sent her remains to Rome for a proper burial at his family villa on the Via Nomentana where the body of her sister was entombed. The uneasy peace held through the summer of 361, but Julian concentrated his military operations around harassing the Alamannic chieftain Vadomarius and his allies, who had concluded a peace treaty with Constantius some years earlier. By the end of the summer, Julian decided to put an end to the waiting and gathered his army to march east against Constantius. The empire teetered on the brink of another civil war. Constantius had spent the summer negotiating with the Persians and making preparations for possible military action against his cousin. When he was assured that the Persians would not attack, he summoned his army and sallied forth to meet Julian. As the armies drew inexorably closer to one another, the empire was saved from another bloody civil war when Constantius died unexpectedly of natural causes on 3 November near the town of Mopsucrenae in Cilicia, naming Julian -- the sources say-- as his legitimate successor.

Julian was in Dacia when he learned of his cousin's death. He made his way through Thrace and came to Constantinople on 11 December 361 where Julian honored the emperor with the funeral rites appropriate for a man of his station. Julian immediately set about putting his supporters in positions of power and trimming the imperial bureaucracy, which had become extremely overstaffed during Constantius' reign. Cooks and barbers had increased during the late emperor's reign and Julian expelled them from his court. Ammianus gave a mixed assessment of how the new emperor handled the followers of Constantius. Traditionally, emperors were supposed to show clemency to the supporters of a defeated enemy. Julian, however, gave some men over to death to appease the army. Ammianus used the case of Ursulus, Constantius' comes sacrum largitionum, to illustrate his point. Ursulus had actually tried to acquire money for the Gallic troops when Julian had first been appointed Caesar, but he had also made a disparaging remark about the ineffectiveness of the army after the battle of Amida. The soldiers remembered this, and when Julian became sole Augustus, they demanded Ursulus' head. Julian obliged, much to the disapproval of Ammianus. This seems to be a case of Julian courting the favor of the military leadership, and is indicative of a pattern in which Julian courted the goodwill of various societal elites to legitimize his position as emperor.

Another case in point is the officials who made up the imperial bureaucracy. Many of them were subjected to trial and punishment. To achieve this goal, during the last weeks of December 361 Julian assembled a military tribunal at Chalcedon, empanelling six judges to try the cases. The president of the tribunal was Salutius, just promoted to the rank of Praetorian Prefect; the five other members were Mamertinus, the orator, and four general officers: Jovinus, Agilo, Nevitta, and Arbetio. Relative to the proceedings of the tribunal, Ammianus noted that the judges, " . . . oversaw the cases more vehemently than was right or fair, with the exception of a few . . .." Ammianus' account of Julian's attempt at reform of the imperial bureaucracy is supported by legal evidence from the Theodosian Code. A series of laws sent to Mamertinus, Julian's appointee as Praetorian Prefect in Italy, Illyricum, and Africa, illustrate this point nicely. On 6 June 362, Mamertinus received a law that prohibited provincial governors from bypassing the Vicars when giving their reports to the Prefect. Traditionally, Vicars were given civil authority over a group of provinces, and were in theory meant to serve as a middle step between governors and Prefects. This law suggests that the Vicars were being left out, at least in Illyricum. Julian issued another edict to Mamertinus on 22 February 362 to stop abuse of the public post by governors. According to this law, only Mamertinus could issue post warrants, but the Vicars were given twelve blank warrants to be used as they saw fit, and each governor was given two. Continuing the trend of bureaucratic reform, Julian also imposed penalties on governors who purposefully delayed appeals in court cases they had heard. The emperor also established a new official to weigh solidi used in official government transactions to combat coin clipping.

For Julian, reigning in the abuses of imperial bureaucrats was one step in restoring the prestige of the office of emperor. Because he could not affect all elements of society personally, Julian, like other Neo-Flavian emperors, decided to concentrate on select groups of societal elites as intercessors between himself and the general populace. One of these groups was the imperial bureaucracy. Julian made it very clear that imperial officials were intercessors in a very real sense in a letter to Alypius, Vicar of Britain. In this letter, sent from Gaul sometime before 361, the emperor praises Alypius for his use of "mildness and moderation with courage and force" in his rule of the provincials. Such virtues were characteristic of the emperors, and it was good that Alypius is representing Julian in this way. Julian courted the army because it put him in power. Another group he sought to include in his rule was the traditional Senatorial aristocracy. One of his first appointments as consul was Claudius Mamertinus, a Gallic Senator and rhetorician. Mamertinus' speech in praise of Julian delivered at Constantinople in January of 362 is preserved. In this speech, Claudius presented his consular selection as inaugurating a new golden age and Julian as the restorer of the empire founded by Augustus. The image Mamertinus gave of his own consulate inaugurating a new golden age is not merely formulaic. The comparison of Julian to Augustus has very real, if implicit, relevance to Claudius' situation. Claudius emphasized the imperial period as the true age of renewal. Augustus ushered in a new era with his formation of a partnership between the emperor and the Senate based upon a series of honors and offices bestowed upon the Senate in return for their role as intercessor between emperor and populace. It was this system that Julian was restoring, and the consulate was one concrete example of this bond. To be chosen as a consul by the emperor, who himself had been divinely mandated, was a divine honor. In addition to being named consul, Mamertinus went on to hold several offices under Julian, including the Prefecture of Italy, Illyricum, and Africa. Similarly, inscriptional evidence illustrates a link between municipal elites and Julian during his time as Caesar, something which continued after he became emperor. One concrete example comes from the municipal senate of Aceruntia in Apulia, which established a monument on which Julian is styled as "Repairer of the World."

Julian seems to have given up actual Christian belief before his acclamation as emperor and was a practitioner of more traditional Greco-Roman religious beliefs, in particular, a follower of certain late antique Platonist philosophers who were especially adept at theurgy as was noted earlier. In fact Julian himself spoke of his conversion to Neo-Platonism in a letter to the Alexandrians written in 363. He stated that he had abandoned Christianity when he was twenty years old and been an adherent of the traditional Greco-Roman deities for the twelve years prior to writing this letter.

(For the complete text of this article see: http://www.roman-emperors.org/julian.htm)

Julian’s Persian Campaign

The exact goals Julian had for his ill-fated Persian campaign were never clear. The Sassanid Persians, and before them the Parthians, had been a traditional enemy from the time of the Late Republic, and indeed Constantius had been conducting a war against them before Julian's accession forced the former to forge an uneasy peace. Julian, however, had no concrete reason to reopen hostilities in the east. Socrates Scholasticus attributed Julian's motives to imitation of Alexander the Great, but perhaps the real reason lay in his need to gather the support of the army. Despite his acclamation by the Gallic legions, relations between Julian and the top military officers was uneasy at best. A war against the Persians would have brought prestige and power both to Julian and the army.

Julian set out on his fateful campaign on 5 March 363. Using his trademark strategy of striking quickly and where least expected, he moved his army through Heirapolis and from there speedily across the Euphrates and into the province of Mesopotamia, where he stopped at the town of Batnae. His plan was to eventually return through Armenia and winter in Tarsus. Once in Mesopotamia, Julian was faced with the decision of whether to travel south through the province of Babylonia or cross the Tigris into Assyria, and he eventually decided to move south through Babylonia and turn west into Assyria at a later date. By 27 March, he had the bulk of his army across the Euphrates, and had also arranged a flotilla to guard his supply line along the mighty river. He then left his generals Procopius and Sebastianus to help Arsacius, the king of Armenia and a Roman client, to guard the northern Tigris line. It was also during this time that he received the surrender of many prominent local leaders who had nominally supported the Persians. These men supplied Julian with money and troops for further military action against their former masters. Julian decided to turn south into Babylonia and proceeded along the Euphrates, coming to the fortress of Cercusium at the junction of the Abora and Euphrates Rivers around the first of April, and from there he took his army west to a region called Zaitha near the abandoned town of Dura where they visited the tomb of the emperor Gordian which was in the area. On April 7 he set out from there into the heart of Babylonia and towards Assyria.

Ammianus then stated that Julian and his army crossed into Assyria, which on the face of things appears very confusing. Julian still seems to be operating within the province of Babylonia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The confusion is alleviated when one realizes that,for Ammianus, the region of Assyria encompassed the provinces of Babylonia and Assyria. On their march, Julian's forces took the fortress of Anatha, received the surrender and support of several more local princes, and ravaged the countryside of Assyria between the rivers. As the army continued south, they came across the fortresses Thilutha and Achaiachala, but these places were too well defended and Julian decided to leave them alone. Further south were the cities Diacira and Ozogardana, which the Roman forces sacked and burned. Soon, Julian came to Pirisabora and a brief siege ensued, but the city fell and was also looted and destroyed. It was also at this time that the Roman army met its first systematic resistance from the Persians. As the Romans penetrated further south and west, the local inhabitants began to flood their route. Nevertheless, the Roman forces pressed on and came to Maiozamalcha, a sizable city not far from Ctesiphon. After a short siege, this city too fell to Julian. Inexorably, Julian's forces zeroed in on Ctesiphon, but as they drew closer, the Persian resistance grew fiercer, with guerilla raids whittling at Julian's men and supplies. A sizable force of the army was lost and the emperor himself was almost killed taking a fort a few miles from the target city.
Finally, the army approached Ctesiphon following a canal that linked the Tigris and Euphrates. It soon became apparent after a few preliminary skirmishes that a protracted siege would be necessary to take this important city. Many of his generals, however, thought that pursuing this course of action would be foolish. Julian reluctantly agreed, but became enraged by this failure and ordered his fleet to be burned as he decided to march through the province of Assyria. Julian had planned for his army to live off the land, but the Persians employed a scorched-earth policy. When it became apparent that his army would perish (because his supplies were beginning to dwindle) from starvation and the heat if he continued his campaign, and also in the face of superior numbers of the enemy, Julian ordered a retreat on 16 June. As the Roman army retreated, they were constantly harassed by guerilla strikes. It was during one of these raids that Julian got caught up in the fighting and took a spear to his abdomen. Mortally wounded he was carried to his tent, where, after conferring with some of his officers, he died. The date was 26 June 363.

Conclusion

Thus an ignominious end for a man came about who had hoped to restore the glory of the Roman empire during his reign as emperor. Due to his intense hatred of Christianity, the opinion of posterity has not been kind to Julian. The contemporary opinion, however, was overall positive. The evidence shows that Julian was a complex ruler with a definite agenda to use traditional social institutions in order to revive what he saw as a collapsing empire. In the final assessment, he was not so different from any of the other emperors of the fourth century. He was a man grasping desperately to hang on to a Greco-Roman conception of leadership that was undergoing a subtle yet profound change.
Copyright (C) 2002, Walter E. Roberts and Michael DiMaio, Jr. Used by permission.

In reality, Julian worked to promote culture and philosophy in any manifestation. He tried to reduce taxes and the public debts of municipalities; he augmented administrative decentralisation; he promoted a campaign of austerity to reduce public expenditure (setting himself as the example). He reformed the postal service and eliminated the powerful secret police.
by Federico Morando; JULIAN II, The Apostate, http://www.forumancientcoins.com/NumisWiki/view.asp?key=Julian%20II

Flavius Claudius Iulianus was born in 331 or maybe 332 A.D. in Constantinople. He ruled the Western Empire as Caesar from 355 to 360 and was hailed Augustus by his legions in Lutetia (Paris) in 360. Julian was a gifted administrator and military strategist. Famed as the last pagan emperor, his reinstatement of the pagan religion earned him the moniker "the Apostate." As evidenced by his brilliant writing, some of which has survived to the present day, the title "the Philosopher" may have been more appropriate. He died from wounds suffered during the Persian campaign of 363 A.D. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.




2 commentsCleisthenes
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1410a, Jovian, 27 June 363 - 17 February 364 A.D.78 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 179, aVF, Constantinople, 3.126g, 21.6mm, 180o. Obverse: D N IOVIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; Reverse: VOT V MVLT X within wreath, CONSPG in exergue; scarce.

Flavius Jovianuswas born in 331 at Singidunum, modern Belgrade. His distinguished father, Varronianus, had been a tribune of the legion Ioviani and a comes domesticorum, perhaps under Constantius II, who had retired to private life shortly before Jovian's elevation to the purple. Jovian married a daughter of Lucillianus, perhaps named Charito, and by her produced at least two children.

Jovian himself was a protector domesticus under Constantius II and Julian and, under Julian, primicerius domesticorum. Various Christian sources maintain that Jovian's Christianity led to his deposition by Julian, though most modern scholars dismiss this as ex post facto Christian apologetic. Jovian, recalled to the ranks if he had ever been dismissed, marched with Julian against Sapor in 363, and on 27 June, the day after that emperor's death, was acclaimed Augustus.

Ammianus and Zosimus, among others, detail the difficult straits of the Roman army during its withdrawal from Persian territory, Ammianus from the perspective of a proud soldier confident even in defeat of the superiority of Roman arms, Zosimus, in a much shorter and confused version, concentrating on the predicament of Jovian's troops and on the dire effects to the empire of the peace terms agreed to with Sapor. These terms entailed the cessation to Persia of Roman territory beyond the Tigris -- the cities of Singara and Nisibis, however, to be surrendered on the condition of the safe passage of their inhabitants -- and the guarantee of the neutrality of Rome's ally Arsaces, King of Armenia, in the event of future hostilities between Roman and Persia. Ammianus asserts that in agreeing to these terms Jovian misjudged his tactical strength and wasted an opportunity presented by negotiations with Sapor to move his forces closer to supplies at Corduena, and that Jovian acted on the advise of flatterers to preserve the fighting strength of his forces in the event of an attempt by Julian's relative Procopius to seize the throne. Others present the treaty terms as unavoidable given the Roman predicament.

Jovian appears to have treaded cautiously with regard to religious matters during the early months of his reign. Eunapius says that Jovian continued to honor Maximus and Priscus, the Neoplatonist advisors of Julian, and, upon reaching Tarsus, Jovian performed funeral rites for Julian. Nonetheless, various Christians, most notably Athanasius, took the initiative in an effort to gain Jovian's favor and support. An adherent of the Nicaean creed, Jovian did eventually recall various bishops of homoousian disposition and restore to their followers churches lost under earlier emperors. But in spite of such measures, unity among various Christian sects seems to have been the foremost concern of Jovian, whose ipsissima verba Socrates Scholasticus purports to give: "I abhor contentiousness, but love and honor those hurrying towards unanimity" (Hist. Eccl. 3.25).

Jovian died at the age of thirty-two on 17 February 364 at Dadastana on the boundary of Bithynia and Galatia. The cause of his death was most probably natural and is variously attributed to overeating, the consumption of poisonous mushrooms, or suffocation from fumes of charcoal or of the fresh paint on the room in which he was sleeping. Ammianus' comparison of the circumstances of Jovian's death to those of Scipio Aemilianus suggest the possibility of foul play, as does John of Antioch's reference to a poisoned rather than a poisonous mushroom, while John Chrysostom -- in a highly suspect literary context of consolatio-- asserts outright that the emperor was murdered. Eutropius records that he was enrolled among the gods, inter Divos relatus est. Zonaras says he was buried in the Church of the Holy Apostles and that his wife, Charito, was eventually laid to rest beside him.

Ancient authors agree that Jovian was of modest intellect but imposing physique and disposed to excessive eating and drinking.

By Thomas Banchich, Canisius College
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited By J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
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145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Nicomedia, RIC VII 189, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMNΓ, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R2!68 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Nicomedia, RIC VII 189, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMNΓ, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R2!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- GLOR-IA-EXER-CITVS, Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.
exe: -/-//SMNΓ, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 1,93g, axis: 7h,
mint: Nicomedia, date: 330-335 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-189-p-633, R2!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constans_AE-2-Follis_D-N-CONSTA-NS-P-F-AVG_FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO_ESIS_RIC-VIII-224-p-365_Siscia_346-350-AD__Q-001_5h_19,5-20,5mm_3,65g-s.jpg
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 224, -/-//ЄSIS, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor and two captives,124 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 224, -/-//ЄSIS, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor and two captives,
avers:- D-N-CONSTA-NS-P-F-AVG, Diademed draped bust left, holding globe.
revers:- FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO, Constantius II in military dress standing left, holding labarum with Chi-Rho and resting hand on shield set on ground, to left, two captives.
exe: -/-//ЄSIS, diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 3,65g, axis: 5h,
mint: Siscia, date: 346-350 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-224, p-365,
Q-001
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RI_147ac_img.jpg
147 - Constantius Chlorus - AE Follis - RIC VI Lugdunum 187a13 viewsAE Follis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTIVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust left
Rev:– GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chalmys over left shoulder, right holding patera over altar, left cornucopia
Minted in Lugdunum (_ | * / PLG). May A.D. 305 to Early A.D. 307 (Bastien 1st May A.D. 305 – 25th July A.D 306)
Reference:– Bastien XI 369 iii (71). RIC VI Lugdunum 187a.

Somewhat overcleaned. Let's see what it looks like in a few years time when nature has had some time to work on it.
maridvnvm
RI_147aa_img.jpg
147 - Constantius Chlorus - AE Follis - RIC VI Lugdunum 6 13 viewsObv:– CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chalmys over left shoulder, right holding patera, left cornucopia
Minted in Lugdunum (//LB). c. A.D. 295
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 6 (Rated scarce)
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RI_147ae_img.jpg
147 - Constantius Chlorus - RIC V Pt. 2 Lugdunum 634 17 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG, Pax, standing left, holding olive branch and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (//A). Emission 12, Series 2, Officina 1. A.D. 294
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien 614 (3). RIC V Pt. 2 Lugdunum 634
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 147s img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC V pt II 627 Bust Type C21 viewsObv:– CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– COMES AVGG, Minerva standing left, holding olive-branch and spear and resting left hand on shield
Minted in Lugdunum (B in exe). Emission 12, Officina 2. A.D. 294
References– Cohen 12. RIC V Pt. 2 Lugdunum 627 Bust Type C. Bastien 629 (9 examples cited)
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RI 147t img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC V pt II 635 Bust Type C16 viewsObv:– FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PROVIDENT DEOR, Providentia, standing left, holding baton and scepter; at foot globe
Minted in Lugdunum (Thunderbolt in exe). Emission 10, Officina 1.
References– RIC V Pt. 2 Lugdunum 635 Bust Type C. Bastien 493 (18 examples cited)
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RI 147r img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC V pt II 635 Bust Type C25 viewsObv:– FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PROVIDENT DEOR, Providentia, standing left, holding baton and scepter; at foot globe
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe). Emission 10, Officina 1. 1st March A.D. 293 to 20th November A.D. 293
References– Cohen 237. RIC V Pt. 2 Lugdunum 635 Bust Type C. Bastien 506 (19 examples cited)
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RI 147a img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC V pt II 67381 viewsObv:– FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS CAES, Jupiter standing right, holding long sceptre and globe, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (S in centre field, XXI. in exe)
References:– RIC V part 2 673
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RI 147b img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Alexandria 15a note57 viewsObv:– FAL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPV - L - I ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in Alexandria (Γ in right field, ALE in exe.) in A.D. 294
References:– RIC VI Alexandria 15a note. (FAL VAL legend variety noted in the Vienna collection)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_147ag_img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Alexandria 33a12 viewsObv:- FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES; Laureate head right
Rev:- GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI; Genius of the Roman People standing facing, head left, holding cornucopia and pouring libation from patera
Minted in Alexandria (XX | E/I //ALE). A.D. 301
Ref:- RIC VI Alexandria 33a

10.35g, 27.21mm, 180o

Slight double strike on reverse
maridvnvm
RI 147n img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Alexandria 5329 viewsObv:– IMP C CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI VLTORI, Hercules standing facing with head left, right hand leaning on club, left hand holding apples and with a lions skin hanging from the elbow
Minted in Alexandria (Δ in upper left field, S in left field, in right field, ALE in exe.) A.D. 305 to A.D. 306
References:– RIC VI Alexandria 53 (S)
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RI_147af_img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Cyzicus 11a11 viewsAE Follis
Obv:- FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head of Constantius right.
Rev:= GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN, Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopia, KB in exergue.
Ref:- RIC VI Cyzicus 11a

10.01g, 27.82mm, 180o
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RI 147t img~0.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI London 14a29 viewsObv:– FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, cuirassed bust left
Rev:– GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chalmys over left shoulder, right holding patera
Minted in London (No marks). c. A.D. 300 onwards
Ref:– RIC VI London 14a (R)
maridvnvm
RI 147p img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI London 1635 viewsObv:– CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chalmys over left shoulder, right holding patera
Minted in London (No marks) c A.D. 300 onwards
References:– RIC VI London 16 (S)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 147c img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Lugdunum 00636 viewsObv:– CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in Lugdunum (LA in exe). A.D. 295
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 6 (scarce). Bastien XI 16 legend break i
maridvnvm
RI 147k img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Lugdunum 00622 viewsObv:– CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in Lugdunum (LA in exe). A.D. 295
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 6 (scarce). Bastien XI 16 legend break ii
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RI_147z_img.JPG
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Lugdunum 00614 viewsObv:– CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in Lugdunum (LB in exe). A.D. 295
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 6 (scarce)
180 degrees.

Flat strike on head of emperor and legs of Genius.
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RI_147q_img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Lugdunum 017a14 viewsObv:– FL VAL CONSTNTIVS NOB C, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in Lugdunum (-). c. A.D. 296
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 17a. Bastien XI Annex AN8
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RI 147e img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Lugdunum 053a35 viewsObv:– CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chalmys over left shoulder, right holding patera, left cornucopia
Minted in Lugdunum (B in left field, PL in exe). A.D. 298
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 53a. Bastien XI 68 legend break iii (9 examples cited)
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RI 147x img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Lugdunum 053a 22 viewsObv:– CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chalmys over left shoulder, right holding patera, left cornucopia
Minted in Lugdunum (B in left field, PL in exe). A.D. 298
References:– RIC VI Lugdunum 53a. Bastien XI 68 legend break iii (9 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 147o img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Lugdunum 164a (_|A)16 viewsObverse Legend –CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Reverse Legend – GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chalmys over left shoulder, right holding patera over altar, left cornucopia
Minted in Lugdunum (_ | A /PLC). A.D. 301-303
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 164a. Bastien XI 326 legend break ii
maridvnvm
RI 147g img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Lugdunum 164a (_|B)28 viewsObverse Legend –CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Reverse Legend – GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chalmys over left shoulder, right holding patera over altar, left cornucopia
Minted in Lugdunum (_ | B /PLC). A.D. 301-303
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 164a. Bastien XI 346 legend break ii
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 147f img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Lugdunum 167a23 viewsObverse Legend –CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, cuirassed bust left, with sceptre over right shoulder
Reverse Legend – GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chalmys over left shoulder, right holding patera over altar, left cornucopia
Minted in Lugdunum (_ | B /PLC). A.D. 301-303
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 167a. Bastien XI 311 legend break ii
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RI 147y img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Lugdunum 167a14 viewsObverse Legend –CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, cuirassed bust left, with sceptre over right shoulder
Reverse Legend – GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chalmys over left shoulder, right holding patera over altar, left cornucopia
Minted in Lugdunum (_ | B /PLC). A.D. 301-303
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 167a. Bastien XI 311 legend break ii
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RI_147ad_img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Lugdunum 167a12 viewsObv:- CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, cuirassed bust left, with sceptre over right shoulder
Rev:– GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chalmys over left shoulder, right holding patera over altar, left cornucopia
Minted in Lugdunum (_ | A /PLC). A.D. 301-303
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 167a.
maridvnvm
RI 147m img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Lugdunum 187a19 viewsObverse Legend – IMP CONSTANTIVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust left
Reverse Legend – GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chalmys over left shoulder, right holding patera over altar, left cornucopia
Minted in Lugdunum (* in right field, PLG in exe). 1st May A.D. 305 – 25th July A.D 306
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 187a. Bastien XI 369 legend break iii
maridvnvm
RI 147j img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Lugdunum 187a20 viewsObverse Legend – IMP CONSTANTIVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust left
Reverse Legend – GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chalmys over left shoulder, right holding patera over altar, left cornucopia
Minted in Lugdunum (* in right field, PLG in exe). 1st May A.D. 305 – 25th July A.D 306
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 187a. Bastien XI 369 legend break iii
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RI 147i img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Lugdunum 25152 viewsAE Follis
Obverse Legend – DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO, Laureate, bust right
Reverse Legend – CONSECRATIO, Eagle standing up with head up and wings spread on altar
Minted in Lugdunum (PLG in exe.). Summer A.D. 307 to Summer A.D. 308
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 251 (Scarce). Bastien XI 436 (4 examples cited)

Weight 6.96 gms.
Size 22.22mm on Obv. X-Axis, 22.94mm in Obv. Y-Axis.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 147l img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Lugdunum 26469 viewsAE Follis
Obverse Legend – DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO. Laureate, veiled and cuirassed head right
Reverse Legend – MEMORIA FELIX. Lighted altar; eagle to left and right
Minted in Lugdunum (PLC). Autumn A.D. 307 - Summer A.D. 308
Reference:- RIC VI Lugdunum 264 (Scarce). Bastien XI 499

Weight:- 5.87 gms
Size:- X-Axis 26.98mm, Y-Axis 23.81mm
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 147h img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Treveri 160a29 views Obverse Legend –CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate, bust left
Reverse Legend – GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chalmys over left shoulder, right holding patera, left cornucopia
Minted in Treveri (A in left , TR in exe). c. A.D. 295
Reference:– RIC VI Treveri 160a (Rated Scarce)

It should also be noted that the usual reverse break for these coins is PV-LI and RIC notes that the OP-VL break occurs but very rarely.

Weight 11.21 gms which is heavier than expected for this issue with RIC noting a weight range of 8.5gms to 10.5 gms.

Size 25.39mm on Obv. X-Axis, 25.46mm in Obv. Y-Axis.
maridvnvm
Constantius-II_AE-3_CONSTANTIVS-P-F-AVG_VICTORIAE-DD-AVG-QQ-NN_A_AQS_RIC-VIII-80-p-322-8-B5_Aquilea_347-48-AD_Q-001_0h_15mm_1,45gx-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VIII 080, AE-4 Follis, A//AQS, VICTORIAE D D AVG G Q N N, Two Victories standing, facing each other,64 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VIII 080, AE-4 Follis, A//AQS, VICTORIAE D D AVG G Q N N, Two Victories standing, facing each other,
avers:- CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Cs16, D5, Diademed (rosettes), draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIAE D D AVG G Q N N, Two Victories standing, facing each other, each holding a wreath and palm.
exergo: A//AQS, diamater: 15mm, weight: 1,45g, axis: 0h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 347-48 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-080, p-322,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_FEL-TEMP-RE-PARATIO_A-A_AQTdot_RIC-VIII-113-p-324_Aquilea_348-50-AD_Q-001_5h_24-26mm_4,74,59ga-s~0.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VIII 113, AE-2 Follis, A/-//AQT•, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy,81 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VIII 113, AE-2 Follis, A/-//AQT•, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy,
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1, D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the bust
rever:- FEL TEMP RE PARATIO, Helmeted soldier to left shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman, shield on ground at right, Horseman wears Phrygian helmet and sits to right and rises both hands.
exergo: A/-//--;A/-//AQT•, diameter: 24-26mm, weight:4,74g, axis:5h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 348-50 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-113, p-324,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Constantius-II_RIC-VII-316_Arleate_11h_18,3mm_2,73g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 316, AE-3 Follis, S/F//ARLQ, VIRTVS CAESS, Campgate with four turrets and wide open doors,126 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 316, AE-3 Follis, S/F//ARLQ, VIRTVS CAESS, Campgate with four turrets and wide open doors,
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4-l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: VIRTVS CAES S, Campgate with four turrets, wide open doors, star above, 6 layers of stones, the open doors have dots.
exergue: S/F//ARLQ, diameter: 18,3mm, weight: 2,73g, axis: 11h,
mint: Arleate, date: 327 A.D., ref: RIC VII 316, p-268, 4th.-off.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-P-F-AVG_FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO_CONSA_RIC-VIII-84-p-454_Constantinopolis_348-51-AD_Q-001_0h_20,0-21,5mm_5,02g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Constantinopolis, RIC VIII 084, -/-//CONSA, AE-2 Follis, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Emperor left and two captives, Scarce!130 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Constantinopolis, RIC VIII 084, -/-//CONSA, AE-2 Follis, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Emperor left and two captives, Scarce!
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe.
rever:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Constantius II in military dress standing left, holding labarum with Chi-Rho and resting hand on shield set on ground, to left, two captives.
exergo: -/-//CONSA, diameter: 20,0-21,5mm, weight: 5,02g, axis: 0h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: 348-51 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-84, p-454, Scarce!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantius-II__AE-3_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO_CONS-A-star_RIC-VIII-93-p-454-Cs1-D3_Constantinopolis_348-51-AD_Q-001_axis-11h_18mm_1,78g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Constantinopolis, RIC VIII 093, AE-3 Follis, -/-//CONSA*, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Phonix, Scarce!168 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Constantinopolis, RIC VIII 093, AE-3 Follis, -/-//CONSA*, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Phonix, Scarce!
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1, D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Radiate phoenix standing right on globe.
exergo: -/-//CONSA*, diameter: 18mm, weight: 1,78g, axis: 11h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: 348-51 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-93, p-454, Scarce!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
147_Constantius_II_,_Constantinopolis,_RIC_VIII_106,_AE-Follis,_D_N_CONSTAN_TIVS_P_F_AVG,_FEL_TEMP_RE_PARATIO,__#915;-dot,_CONS_#920;,_351-5AD,_Q-001,_6h,_22-22,5mm,_5,39g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Constantinopolis, RIC VIII 106, AE-2 Follis, Γ/•//CONSΘ, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman, #1121 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Constantinopolis, RIC VIII 106, AE-2 Follis, Γ/•//CONSΘ, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman, #1
avers: D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, (Cs1,D3,) Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: FEL TEMP RE PARATIO, Soldier standing left, right knee raised, spearing fallen horseman, who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, no beard, clutching horse's neck, Γ left, • right.
exergue: Γ/•//CONSΘ, diameter: 22,0-22,5mm, weight: 5,39g, axis: 6h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: 351-355 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 106,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Constantius-II__AE-3_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C-8_B4-l__PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S_6layer_SMKGamma_RIC-VII-27-p-647_3rd_off__Cyzicus_324-5-AD_R2_Q-001_5h_17-19,5mm_3,01ga-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 027, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKΓ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, R2!!69 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 027, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKΓ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, R2!!
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4-l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, star above, 6 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//SMKΓ, diameter: 17,0-19,5mm, weight: 3,01g, axis:5h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 324-325 A.D., ref: RIC VII 027, p-647, 3rd.-off., R2!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-Follis-silvered_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C-8_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S-B4-l_7lay_SMKB-dot_RIC-VII-38-p649_2nd_off__Cyzicus_325-6-AD_Q-001_axis-1h_18mm_2,67g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 038, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKB•, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1196 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 038, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKB•, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4-l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, star above, 7 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//SMKB•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,67g, axis: 1h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 038, p-649, 2nd.-off., c1,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-Follis-silvered_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C-8_B4-l__PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S_6layer_SMHDelta_RIC-VII-78-p-551_4th_off__Heracleia_325-6-AD_S_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 078, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #165 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 078, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, star above, 6 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//SMHΔ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 078, p-551,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-Follis_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C-8_B4-l__PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S_5layer_SMHGamma-dot_RIC-VII-84-p-552_3rd_off__Heracleia_326-AD_c1_Q-001_11h_19mm_3,75g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 084, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHΓ•, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #166 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 084, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHΓ•, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, star above, 5 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//SMHΓ•, diameter: 1,0mm, weight: 3,75g, axis: 11h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 084, p-552, 3rd.-off., c1,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantius-II__AE-3-silvered_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_FEL-TEMP-RE-PARATIO_Gamma_SMNA_RIC-VIII-084-p-478-Cs1-D3_Nicomedia_351-55-AD__Q-001_6h_21,5-24mm_5,11ga-s~1.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Nicomedia, RIC VIII 084, AE-2 Follis, Γ/-//SMNA, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy,142 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Nicomedia, RIC VIII 084, AE-2 Follis, Γ/-//SMNA, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy,
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1, D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- FEL TEMP RE PARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy horseman who wears Phrygian helmet and is reaching backwards; shield on ground to right .
exergo: Γ/-//SMNA, diameter: 21,5-24mm, weight: 5,11g, axis: 6h,
mint: Nicomedia, date: 351-55 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-084, p-478,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
147_Constantius_II_,_Rome,_RIC_VIII_204,_AE-24,_D_N_CONSTAN_TIVS_P_F_AVG,_GLORIA_ROMANORVM,_star,_RP,_350-1_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_24mm,_4,46g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Roma, RIC VIII 204, AE-2 Follis, -/*//RP, GLORIA ROMANORVM, Soldier spearing falling enemy, #1126 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Roma, RIC VIII 204, AE-2 Follis, -/*//RP, GLORIA ROMANORVM, Soldier spearing falling enemy, #1
avers: D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1, G3, Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, holding globe, A behind head.
reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor in military dress, on horseback, galloping right, (no shield), spearing barbarian wearing a Phrygian helmet and with outstretched arms kneeling left in front of the horse, shield and broken spear beneath horse. Star in the upper right field.
exergue: -/*//RP, diameter: 23,5-24mm, weight: 4,46g, axis: 0h,
mint: Roma, date: 350-351 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 204,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Constantius-II_AR-Siliqua-Sirm_Q-001_a-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Sirmium, RIC VIII 015, AR-Siliqua, -/-//SIRM, VOTIS/XXX/MVLTIS/XXXX, in four lines within wreath, Rare!83 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Sirmium, RIC VIII 015, AR-Siliqua, -/-//SIRM, VOTIS/XXX/MVLTIS/XXXX, in four lines within wreath, Rare!
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Pearl-Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- VOTIS/XXX/MVLTIS/XXXX, in four lines within wreath.
exergo: -/-//SIRM, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Sirmium, date: 351-355 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-015, p-385, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_A_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_III_star-SIRM_RIC-VIII-21-p-386-Cs1-D3_Sirmium_351-55_AD_Q-001_0h_23-24,5mm_5,28gs.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Sirmium, RIC VIII 021, AE-2 Follis, A/-//--, III/-//*SIRM, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, 67 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Sirmium, RIC VIII 021, AE-2 Follis, A/-//--, III/-//*SIRM, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard,
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1,D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the busts.
rever:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor diademed, and military dress standing, faceing, head left, above him star. In each hand he holds a standard with Chi-Rho on the banner. "III" in the left field.
exergo: A/-//--, III/-//*SIRM, diameter: 23-24,5mm, weight: 5,28g, axis: 0h,
mint: Sirmium, date: 351-355 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-021, p-386,
Q-001
quadrans
147_Constantius_II_,_Sirmium_RIC_VIII_044,_AE-2,_D_N_CONSTAN_TIVS_P_F_AVG,_FEL_TEMP_RE_PARATIO,_Delta,__S__A_SIRM,__2nd_series_p-387,_351-55AD,_Q-001_0h_20,5-21,5mm_4,47g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Sirmium, RIC VIII 044, AE-2 Follis, Δ/-//--, •S•/-/A//ASIRM, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy, #1120 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Sirmium, RIC VIII 044, AE-2 Follis, Δ/-//--, •S•/-/A//ASIRM, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy, #1
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1, D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "Δ" behind teh bust.
rever:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left, knee raised, spearing a fallen horseman who is bare-headed. "•S•" in left field, "A" beneath horse.
exergo: Δ/-//--, •S•/-/A//ASIRM, diameter: 20,5-21,5mm, weight: 4,47g, axis:0h,
mint: Sirmium, 2nd. series(Δ behind teh bust), date: 351-53 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 044, p-387,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
147_Constantius_II__Sirmium_RIC_VIII_052,_AE-3_D_N_CONSTAN_TIVS_P_F_AVG_FEL_TEMP_RE_PARATIO_BSIRMdot_3rd_series_p-388_351-55AD_Q-001_7h_16,5mm_2,66g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Sirmium, RIC VIII 052, AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSIRM•, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy, #191 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Sirmium, RIC VIII 052, AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSIRM•, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy, #1
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1, D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Helmeted soldier, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman, shield on ground at right, (reaching type).
exergo: -/-//BSIRM•, diameter: 16,5mm, weight:2,66g, axis:7h,
mint: Sirmium, date: 351-53 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 052, p-388,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
147_Constantius_II__Sirmium_RIC_VIII_052,_AE-3_D_N_CONSTAN_TIVS_P_F_AVG_FEL_TEMP_RE_PARATIO_BSIRMdot_3rd_series_p-388_351-55AD_Q-002_6h_17-18,3mm_2,33g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Sirmium, RIC VIII 052, AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSIRM•, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy, #276 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Sirmium, RIC VIII 052, AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSIRM•, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy, #2
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1, D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Helmeted soldier, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman, shield on ground at right, (reaching type).
exergo: -/-//BSIRM•, diameter: 17,0-18,3mm, weight:2,33g, axis:6h,
mint: Sirmium, date: 351-53 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 052, p-388,
Q-002
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-Follis-silvered_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C-7_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S-B4-l__dot-epsilon-SIS-dot_RIC-203_5th_-off_-R3_C-x_Siscia_326-327-AD__Q-001_18mm_2,67g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 203, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ЄSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, R3!!! 92 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 203, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ЄSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, R3!!!
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, star above, 6 layers of stones, upper and downer layer with dots.
exergue: -/-//•ЄSIS•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,67g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 326-327 AD., ref: RIC VII 203, p-450, 5th.-off., R3!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-Follis_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C-8_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S-B4-l_-9lay_dor-Delta-SIS-dot_RIC-VII-203-p-450_4th_off_Siscia_326-27AD_Q-001_0h_mm_gx-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 203, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΔSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #166 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 203, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΔSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, star above, 7 layers of stones, upper and downer layer with dots.
exergue: -/-//•ΔSIS•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 326-327 A.D., ref: RIC VII 203, p-450, 4th.-off.,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-Follis-silv_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C-8_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S-B4l_9lay_Delta-SIS-Cresincres_RIC-VII-217-p452_4th_off_Siscia_328-9AD_Q-001_axis-0h_19mm_3,12g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 217, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1210 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 217, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, star above, 9 layers of stones, upper and downer layer with dots.
exergue: -/-//ΔSISᴗ in ᴗ, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,12g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 328-329 A.D., ref: RIC VII 217, p-452, 4th.-off., c3,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-Follis_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C-8_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S-B4-l_-9lay_Delta-SIS-Crescincresc_RIC-VII-217-p452_4th_off_Siscia_328-29AD_Q-002_axis-0h_19mm_2,73g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 217, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1110 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 217, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, star above, 7 layers of stones, upper and downer layer with dots.
exergue: -/-//ΔSISᴗ in ᴗ, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,12g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 328-329 A.D., ref: RIC VII 217, p-452, 4th.-off., c3,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II_AE-3_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C_GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS_dotGammaSISdot_RIC-VII-237-p-456-8-B4_Siscia_334-35-AD_R1_Q-001_0h_18mm_2,52g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 237, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΓSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R1!,69 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 237, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΓSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R1!,
avers:- F L IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8,B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- GLOR IA EXERC ITVS, Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.
exergo: -/-//•ΓSIS•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,52g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 334-335 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-237, p-456, 3rd.-off. ,R1,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
147_Constantius_II__Siscia_RIC_VIII_176,_AE-3_CONSTANTIVS_P_F_AVG_VICTORIA_AVG_G_Chi-Rho_star-DeltaSIS-star,_p-362_Siscia_347-AD_Sc__Q-001_7h_15-16mm_1,35g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 146, AE-4 Follis, Chi-Rho/-//*ΔSIS*, CVICTORIA AVG G, Victory walking left, Scarce !104 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 146, AE-4 Follis, Chi-Rho/-//*ΔSIS*, CVICTORIA AVG G, Victory walking left, Scarce !
avers:- CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
rever:- VICTORIA AVG G, Victory walking left holding wreath and palm branch, Chi-Rho to left. Mintmark *ΔSIS*.
exergo: Chi-Rho/-//*ΔSIS*, diameter: 15,0-16,0mm, weight: 1,35g, axis:7h,
mint: Siscia, date: 347A.D., ref: RIC VIII 176, p-362, 4th.-off., Scarce !
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_A-star_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_A_dotASISdot_RIC-VIII-289-p-369-Cs1-D3_Siscia_350-AD_Scarce_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 284, AE-2 Follis, A/*//--, A/-//•ASIS•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Scarce !64 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 284, AE-2 Follis, A/*//--, A/-//•ASIS•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Scarce !
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1,D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the busts,"*" in front.
rever:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor diademed, and military dress standing, faceing, head left, above him star. In each hand he holds a standard with Chi-Rho on the banner. "A" in the left field.
exergo: A/*//--, A/-//•ASIS•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 350 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-284, p-369, 3rd.-off., Scarce,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG-A-star_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_A_dot-Gamma-SIS_RIC-VIII-289-p-369-Cs1-D3_Siscia_350-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_23,5-25mm_4,42g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 289, AE-2 Follis, A/*//--, A/-//•ΓSIS*, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Scarce ! 200 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 289, AE-2 Follis, A/*//--, A/-//•ΓSIS*, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Scarce !
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1,D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the busts,"*" in front.
rever:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor diademed, and military dress standing, faceing, head left, above him star. In each hand he holds a standard with Chi-Rho on the banner. "A" in the left field.
exergo: A/*//--, A/-//•ΓSIS*, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 4,12g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 350 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-289, p-369, 3rd.-off., Scarce,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-P-F-AVG_HOC-SIGNO-VICTOR-ERIS_A_-_III_ESIScrescent_RIC-VIII-304E-p-471-Cs1-D3_Siscia_350-51-AD_Q-001_0h_21,5-22,5mm_4,87ga-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 304E, AE-2 Follis, A/-//--, III/-//ЄSISᴗ, HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Constantius standing left, Scarce !152 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 304E, AE-2 Follis, A/-//--, III/-//ЄSISᴗ, HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Constantius standing left, Scarce !
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1,D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the busts.
rever:- HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Constantius standing left, holding labarum with Chi-Rho and spear, being crowned by Victory. III in left field.
exergo: A/-//--, III/-//ЄSISᴗ, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 4,87g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 350-351 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-304E, p-371, 5th.-off., Scarce !
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_A_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_III_ESISdot_RIC-VIII-304-p-371-Cs1-D3_Siscia_350-51_AD_Scarce_Q-001_5h_22,5mm_6,15g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 307, AE-2 Follis, A/-//--, III/-//ESIS•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Rare !65 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 307, AE-2 Follis, A/-//--, III/-//ESIS•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Rare !
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1,D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the busts.
rever:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor diademed, and military dress standing, faceing, head left, above him star. In each hand he holds a standard with Chi-Rho on the banner. "III" in the left field.
exergo: A/-//--, III/-//ESIS•, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 6,15g, axis: 5h,
mint: Siscia, date: 350 351 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-307, p-371, 5th.-off., Rare !
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO_A-SIS-star_RIC-VIII-327-p-374-Cs1-D3_Siscia_354-5-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_23,5-25mm_4,42g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 327, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, III/*//ASIS, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #1181 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 327, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, III/*//ASIS, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #1
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1,D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Victory on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on the banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship.
exergo: A/-//-, III/*//ASIS, diameter: 23,5-25mm, weight: 4,42g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 354-355 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-327, p-374, 1st.-off., c,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_H-behtheNeck_FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO_III_star_A-SIS_RIC-VIII-327-p-374-Cs1-D3_Siscia_354-5-AD_Q-002_axis-5h_22-24mm_5,41g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 327, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, III/*//ASIS, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #2132 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 327, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, III/*//ASIS, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #2
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1,D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Victory on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on the banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship.
exergo: A/-//-, III/*//ASIS, diameter: 22-24mm, weight: 5,41g, axis: 5h,
mint: Siscia, date: 354-355 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-327, p-374, 1st.-off., c,
Q-002
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-3_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO_A-SIS_RIC-VIII-350-p-375-Cs1-D3_Siscia_351-55-AD__Q-001_axis-0h_19mm_2,59g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 350, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ASIS, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy,113 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 350, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ASIS, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy,
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1, D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy horseman who wears Phrygian helmet and is reaching backwards; shield on ground to right .
exergo: -/-//ASIS, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,59g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 351-55 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-350, p-375,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_A-_FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO_B_star_dotTSEdot_RIC-VIII-133-p-_Thessalonica_350-AD_Q-001_5h_21,6-23mm_5,12g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 133, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, B/*//•TSЄ•, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #2126 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 133, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, B/*//•TSЄ•, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #2
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, (Cs1,D3,) Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the bust.
rever:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on the banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship.
exergo: A/-//-, B/*//•TSЄ•, diameter: 21,6-23mm, weight: 5,12g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 354-355 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-133, p-414,
Q-002
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_FEL-TEMP-RE-PARATIO_A-_B-star_dotTSAdot_RIC-VIII-133-p-414_Thessalonica_-AD_S_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 133, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, B/*//•TSA•, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #179 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 133, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, B/*//•TSA•, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #1
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, (Cs1,D3,) Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the bust.
rever:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on the banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship.
exergo: A/-//-, B/*//•TSA•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 354-355 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-133, p-414,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AR-Siliqua_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_VOTIS_XXX_MVLTIS_XXXX_TES_RIC-VIII-163-p-205_Thessalonica_-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_19,5-20mm_3,03g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 163, AR-Siliqua, -/-//TES, VOTIS/XXX/MVLTIS/XXXX, in four lines within wreath, Rare!106 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 163, AR-Siliqua, -/-//TES, VOTIS/XXX/MVLTIS/XXXX, in four lines within wreath, Rare!
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed head right.
rever:- VOTIS/XXX/MVLTIS/XXXX, in four lines within wreath.
exergo: -/-//TES, diameter: 19,5-20mm, weight: 3,03g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-163, p-205, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
147_Constantius_II_,_Thessalonica,_RIC_VIII_172,B,_AE-3,_D_N_CONSTAN_TIVS_P_F_AVG,_FEL_TEMP_RE_PARATIO,__#915;-star,_starTSBstar,_350-5AD,_Q-001,_11h,_23,3-24mm,_5,40gx-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 172, AE-2 Follis, Γ/*//*TSB*, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor and captive, #1122 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 172, AE-2 Follis, Γ/*//*TSB*, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor and captive, #1
avers: D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, (Cs1,D3,) Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: FEL TEMP RE PARATIO, Emperor in military dress advancing left, treading on captive (Phrygian helmet), holding Victory on a globe and a chi-rho standard, Γ left, star right.
exergue: Γ/*//*TSB*, diameter: 21,6-23mm, weight: 5,12g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 350-355 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 172, p-418, LRBC #1671,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
147_Constantius_II__Thessalonica_RIC_VIII_189,_AE-3_Follis_Error-coin_SMTS_Q-001_11h_17,0-19,0mm_2,77g-s~1.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 189, AE-3 Follis, A/-//SMTS, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy, Error-coin !!116 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 189, AE-3 Follis, A/-//SMTS, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy, Error-coin !!
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy horseman who wears Phrygian helmet and is reaching backwards; shield on ground to right .
exergo: A/-//SMTS, diameter: 17,0-19,0mm, weight: 2,77g, axis: 11h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: A.D., ref: RIC VIII Thessalonica 189., p-419,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
147_Constantius_II__Thessalonica_RIC_VIII_189,_AE-3_Follis_Error-coin_SMTS_Q-001_11h_17,0-19,0mm_2,77g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 189, AE-3 Follis, A/-//SMTS, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy, Error-coin !!85 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 189, AE-3 Follis, A/-//SMTS, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy, Error-coin !!
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing falling enemy horseman who wears Phrygian helmet and is reaching backwards; shield on ground to right .
exergo: A/-//SMTS, diameter: 17,0-19,0mm, weight: 2,77g, axis: 11h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: A.D., ref: RIC VIII Thessalonica 189., p-419,
Q-001
quadrans
147_Constantius_II__Thessalonica_RIC_VIII_215,_AE-3_D_N_CONSTAN_TIVS_P_F_AVG_SPES_REI_PVBLICE_star_SMTSB_p-422_355-61AD_Q-001_11h_15,0-16,0mm_2,22g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 215, AE-3 Follis, */-//SMTSB, SPES REI PVBLICE, Constantius in military dress standing left, #188 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 215, AE-3 Follis, */-//SMTSB, SPES REI PVBLICE, Constantius in military dress standing left, #1
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- SPES REI PVBLICE, Constantius in military dress standing left holding spear and globe.
exergo: */-//SMTSB, diameter: 15,0-16,0mm, weight: 2,22g, axis: 11h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 355-361 A.D., ref: RIC VIII Thessalonica 215., p-422,
Q-001
quadrans
215276_515625041807745_247506566_n.jpg
15 Constantius II 94 viewsConstantius II AE3. DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman Phrygian helmet, reaching.
2.67g
17mm

Was sold as Trier
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
1554612_615393961830852_2000425796_n.jpg
15 Constantius II90 viewsConstantius II DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, PDC; FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO bare-headed, reaching, TRP crescent in ex Trier 359.2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
15-Constantius-II-Ant-132.jpg
15. Constantius II / Falling horseman.39 viewsMaiorina (larger AE 2), 350-355, Antioch mint.
Obverse: DN CONSTANTIVS P F AVG / Diademed bust of Constantius II.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO / Soldier spearing horseman, who has already dropped his shield and is falling off his horse. Γ in left field.
Mint mark: ANH
5.45 gm., 22 mm.
RIC # 132; LRBC #2625; Sear #18171.
1 commentsCallimachus
heraclea25.jpg
150 Constantius II8 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: ./SMHB
hill132
152_Constantius-Gallus_Roma_RIC_VIII_274_AE-3_D_N_F_L_C_L_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES_FEL_TEMP_REPARATIO_R-Z_p-274_352-5-AD_Q-001_0h_16,5-17,5mm_2,17g-s~0.jpg
152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), Roma, RIC VIII 274, AE-3 Follis, -/-//RZ(or Γ but Γ not exist), FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing horseman, #199 views152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), Roma, RIC VIII 274, AE-3 Follis, -/-//RZ(or Γ but Γ not exist), FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing horseman, #1
avers:- D N F L C L CONSTATIVS NOB CAES, Bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman who is bare-headed, reaching backwards.
exe: -/-//RZ(or Γ but Γ not exist), diameter: 16,5-17,5mm, weight: 2,17g, axis: 0h,
mint: Roma, date: 352-355 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 274, p-274,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantius-Gallus_AE-3_DN-CONSTANTIVS-IVN-NOB-C_FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO_ASIRMdot_RIC-VIII-53_p-388_Sirmium_351-354-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s~0.jpg
152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), Sirmium, RIC VIII 053, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ASIRM•, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing horseman,65 views152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), Sirmium, RIC VIII 053, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ASIRM•, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing horseman,
avers:- D N CONSTATIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FEL TEMP RE PARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman, who is wearing helmet, reading backwards.
exe: -/-//ASIRM•, diameter: 20mm, weight: 1,91g, axis: 6h,
mint: Sirmium, date: 351-354 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 53, p-388,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-Gallus_AE-3_DN-CONSTANTIVS-IVN-NOB-C_VICTORIA-CAESARIS_SIRM_RIC-VIII-Not-in_ERIC-31_Sirmium_351-354-AD_Q-001_axis-1h_18mm_2,20g-s.jpg
152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), Sirmium, RIC VIII Not-in, ERIC-31, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SIRM, VICTORIA-CAESARIS, Victory advancing left, Rare !!!160 views152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), Sirmium, RIC VIII Not-in, ERIC-31, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SIRM, VICTORIA-CAESARIS, Victory advancing left, Rare !!!
avers:- D N CONSTATIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA CAESARIS, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
exe: -/-//SIRM, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,20g, axis: 1h,
mint: Sirmium, date: A.D., ref: RIC VIII Not in ! (Unlisted in RIC and Cohen for Sirmium.), ERIC-31, Sirmium, Rare !!!
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Constantius-Gallus_AE-2_DN-CONSTANTIVS-IVN-NOB-C_A-beh-bust_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_III_E-SIS-crescent_RIC-VIII-303_p-371_Siscia_350-351-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-1h_23,5mm_5,11ga-s.jpg
152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VIII 303, AE-2 Follis, A/-//--; III/-//ЄSISᴗ, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Scarce !133 views152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VIII 303, AE-2 Follis, A/-//--; III/-//ЄSISᴗ, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Scarce !
avers:- D N CONSTATIVS IVN NOB C, "A" behind bust, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor diademed and in military dress standing facing, head left, holding a labarum in each hand, star above, III in left field.
exe: A/-//--; III/-//ЄSISᴗ, diameter: 23,5mm, weight: 5,11g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 350-351 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 303, p-371, Scarce!,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Constantius-Gallus-y.jpg
152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VIII 335, AE-2 Follis, A/-//--; LXXII/-///ΓSIScrescent, LXXII/ FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing horseman,189 views152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VIII 335, AE-2 Follis, A/-//--; LXXII/-///ΓSIScrescent, LXXII/ FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing horseman,
avers:- D N CONSTATIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right, A (or H) behind the head.
revers:- FEL TEMP RE PARATIO, LXXII left field, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is bare-headed, reaching backwards.
exe: A/-//--; LXXII/-///ΓSIScrescent, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 332-333 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 335, p-374,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantius-Gallus_AE-3_DN-CONSTANTIVS-IVN-NOB-C_FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO_Gamma-SIS_RIC-VIII-351_p-375_Siscia_351-354-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s~0.jpg
152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VIII 351, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΓSIS, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing horseman,69 views152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VIII 351, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΓSIS, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing horseman,
avers:- D N CONSTATIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FEL TEMP RE PARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman, who is wearing Phrygian helmet, reading backwards.
exe: -/-//ΓSIS, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 351-354 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 351, p-375,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-Gallus_AE-3_DN-CONSTANTIVS-IVN-NOB-C_FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO_B-SIS_RIC-VIII-351_p-375_Siscia_351-354-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_18-19mm_2,75g-s.jpg
152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VIII 351, AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSIS, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing horseman,277 views152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VIII 351, AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSIS, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing horseman,
avers:- D N CONSTATIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FEL TEMP RE PARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman, who is wearing Phrygian helmet, reading backwards.
exe: -/-//BSIS, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 2,75g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 351-354 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 351, p-375,
Q-001
quadrans
heraclea27.jpg
152 Constantius II12 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate wih two turrents star above
ex: ./SMHA
hill132
heraclea28~0.jpg
153 Constantius II12 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex:./SMH(epsilon)
hill132
heraclea30.jpg
155 Constantius II7 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two trrents star above
ex: ./SMHr
hill132
heraclea31.jpg
156 Constantius II11 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTINVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: ./SMHr
hill132
IMG_4545.JPG
156. Constantius I Chlorus (293-306 A.D.)27 viewsAv.: IMP C CONSTANTIVS PF AVG
Rv.: CONCORDIA MILITVM
Centre: B
Ex.: ALE

AE Follis Ø19-22 / 2.7g
RIC VI 59A Alexandria
Juancho
IMG_4365~0.jpg
157. Helena (Wife of Constantius I Chlorus)16 viewsAv.: FL HELENA AVGVSTA
Rv.: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE
Ex.: dot SMH epsilon

AE Follis Ø18 / 2.5g
RIC VII Heraclea 95
Juancho
IMG_5194.JPG
158. Theodora (Daughter of Maximianus, 2nd wife of Constantius I)28 viewsAv.: FL MAX THEODORAE AVG
Rv.: PIETAS ROMANA
Ex.: TRP palmbranch

AE Follis Ø15 / 1.5g
RIC VIII 91 Trier
Juancho
IMG_2261.JPG
16 Barbaric Imitation of Roman Constantius II34 viewsBarbaric Imitation of Roman Constantius II Fallen Horseman Type. 4th century AD. AE 10mm (0.77 gm). Obv.: diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. Rev.: Soldier spearing horseman. Randygeki(h2)
bfh915.JPG
16 barbarous imitation38 viewsConstantius II barbarous imitation
3.9g
21.52 mm
FEL TEMP REPARATIO
Blundered legend pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right,
Blundered legend soldier spearing Horseman
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
028~0.JPG
16 Constantius Gallus79 viewsConstantius Gallus Randygeki(h2)
IMG_4337.jpg
16 Constantius II barbarous imitation Overstrike31 viewsConstantius II barbarous imitation Overstrike
1.80g, 18mm
FEL TEMP REPARATIO
Blundered legend pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right,
Blundered legend soldier spearing Horseman
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3117.JPG
16 Constantius II imitation60 views Constantius II imitation
19mm
FEL TEMP REPARATIO
Blundered legend pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right,
Blundered legend soldier spearing Horseman
AMB in ex
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2229.JPG
16 Constantius II imitation (Failmezger, Plate coin)88 viewsConstantius II imitation (Failmezger, Plate coin)

Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, Long-necked diademed cuirassed bust right
Reverse: Blundered legend, soldier spearing fallen horseman, Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up, II left.

Size: 23.49 mm 6.g

Failmezger 462aCS (This Coin)
5 commentsRandygeki(h2)
heraclea36.jpg
161 Constantius II7 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. but l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIA CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMH(delta)
hill132
heraclea38.jpg
163 Constantius II10 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMHr.
hill132
heraclea39.jpg
164 Constantius II7 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMH(delta)
hill132
heraclea40.jpg
165 Constantius II18 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMH(delta).
1 commentshill132
RI_168bk_img.jpg
168 - Constantius II - AE3 - RIC VII Rome 236 17 viewsAE3
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust, right
Rev:– CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT / • / V
Minted in Rome (//RS).
Reference:– RIC VII Rome 236 (C1)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170eu_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - Barbarous39 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVGV, Pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Helmeted soldier to left, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman; shield on ground at right. Horseman is bearded and falls forward clutching horse's neck
Minted in a barbarous mint

4.58gms. 23.49mm. 0 degrees
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170gf_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - Barbarous imitation of RIC VIII Heraclea 082 8 viewsImitation AE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FEL TEMT OHIIIRATIO, Helmeted soldier left, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman; shield at ground to right. Horseman turns to face the soldier, and reaches his left arm up towards him. He is bare headed.
Minted in Heraclea (G | _ // .SHHA).
Reference:- Imitates RIC VIII Heraclea 82 (C2)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170bh_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - Barbarous imitation of Trier16 viewsAE2
Obv:- CONSTANT-IVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor standing left, in a galley; Phoenix on a globe in right hand and holding labarum in left hand; Victory at the tiller of the galley right
Minted in Trier; (//TRS),
Reference:– Barbarous Imitation
maridvnvm