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Search results - "Commemorative,"
commemorative_02_t.jpg
36 views2 commentsoa
commemorative_com.JPG
41 viewsJohnny
Constantine_Commemorative_1.JPG
37 viewsConstantine the Great, Commemorative, AD 330-335, Nicomedia Mint
Jon the Lecturer
Constantine_Commemorative_2.JPG
32 viewsConstantine the Great, Commemorative, AD 337-340, Antioch MintJon the Lecturer
roma__comemmoreative_she_woof.jpg
80 viewsROMA Commermorative 33.3-334 ap.J-C
Obv. VRBS ROMA, buste casqué et cuirassé à gauche.
Rev: louve allaitant Romulus and Remus, au-dessus de deux étoiles.
Marque d'atelier:
18mm.,1,85g .,patine foncee
Heraclea
RIC VII 143 Urbs Roma Commemorative AE Reduced Follis. VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust left / She-wolf standing left, suckling twins, two stars above. Mintmark SMH officina letter and star. _1318

Antonivs Protti
Constantinopla_Commemorative.JPG
10 viewsAntonivs Protti
urbs_roma_1.jpg
5 viewsCommemorative Series 330-354 Follis URBS ROMA She-wolf Romulus RemusBritanikus
Trajan.jpg
50 viewsTrajan AR Denarius. Rome, AD 113-114. IMP TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate and draped bust right / COS VI P P SPQR, Trajan's column surmounted by statue of the emperor; at base, two eagles. RIC 307; BMCRE 522; RSC 115. 3.53g, 20mm, 6h.
Of all of the truly monumental buildings and commemorative structures which the emperor Trajan built, only one, the Columna Traiani, has survived in a reasonable state of completeness. Indeed, it appears almost identical in person as it does on coins, except that the statue of Trajan that originally surmounted it was replaced in 1588 with a statue of St. Paul. When completed, the column occupied a prominent place between two libraries, the Basilica Ulpia and the Temple of Trajan and Plotina. The column was massive: it was over 12 feet in diameter at its base, and rose to a height of nearly 130 feet. Its core was comprised of 34 blocks of Carrara white marble that were made hollow so as to accommodate a circular staircase of 185 steps. The most remarkable feature of the column, however, was its ornamentation, for the friezes on its exterior are some of the most inspiring works of art ever produced. Monumental in scope and execution, they record Trajan’s two Dacian campaigns, from 101-3 and 104-6. All told, there are more than 2,500 individually sculpted figures distributed among more than 150 scenes. The emperor himself is represented no less than fifty times – not a surprise considering his penchant for commemorative architecture and his pride in having added Dacia to the provinces of the empire. “ Source: NAC”

Ex Michael Kelly Collection of Roman Silver Coins
4 commentspaul1888
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Divus Constantine I Posthumous commemorative 27 viewsConstantine I AE 4 “Chariot to God” Constantine “The Great” 306-337 CE.
Obverse: DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG, veiled head right.
Reverse: no legend, Constantine in quadriga right, the hand of God, upper center, grasps the chariot.
SMKA in ex. Cyzicus mint RIC VIII 19
13.4 mm, 1.0 g
NORMAN K
quin.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, 268-270 CE., Commemorative issue by Quintillus27 viewsBronze Antoninianus, RIC V 261
Obverse: DIVO CLAUVDIO, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO, flaming altar with four panels, each containing pellet.
16.1 mm., 2.2 g.
NORMAN K
constantinupolis-1.jpg
Constantinopolis - RIC 18817 viewsCity Commemorative
330-333 AD.
CONSTANTINOPOLIS, crested, laureate helmeted bust
of Constantinopolis left in imperial mantle & holding sceptre /
Victory with open wings standing left, right foot on a vessel's prow holding sceptre & leaning on shield,
SMTSD in ex.
xokleng
RI_161ae_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Siscia 22264 viewsObv:– VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev:– –, She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Siscia (//Gamma SIS).
Reference:– RIC VII Siscia 222
2 commentsmaridvnvm
vrbs1s.jpg
City Commemorative, RIC VII 187 Thessalonica, AE 323 viewsObverse:VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma wearing imperial cloak. Plume on front of helmet.
Reverse:She-wolf standing left, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus, O on wolf's shoulder, 2 stars above.
Mintmark SMTS epsilon, 16.1 mm., 2.5 g.
Ref: RIC VII Thessalonica 187

Notes: This variation with O on wolf's shoulder
NORMAN K
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City Commemorative, RIC VII 249 Siscia15 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA: helmeted bust of Roma wearing imperial cloak, plume on front of helmet.
Reverse: no legend. She wolf standing left suckling the twins Romulus and Remus. 2 stars above.
Mintmark SIS Siscia, 18.55 mm., 2.0 g.
Ref: RIC VII 249
NORMAN K
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Divus Constantine I, Posthumous commemorative AE4, 337-341 CE26 viewsObverse: DN CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG, veiled head right.
Reverse: No legend, the deified Constantine driving quadriga right, hand of god reaching down from above, star at upper left.
SMANS in ex. Antioch mint, 2nd officina. RIV VIII 37, 16.6 mm, 1.4 g.

It is ironic that Constantine, who tradition tells us was the first Christian emperor (although he only actually became one on his death bed), should have been honored with pagan deification and commemorated posthumously with traditional pagan symbolism as found on this coin. He was the last emperor to be so honored.
NORMAN K
rome-arles-SCONST_.JPG
RIC.351 Rome commemorative (AE3, Vrbs Roma, Arles)10 viewsRome commemorative
AE3 (330-331, Arles mint, 2ond officine)

bronze, 17 mm diameter, 2.30 g, die axis: 6 h

A/ VRBS ROMA; helmeted and mantled bust of ROMA, left
R/ She-wolf with twins, two stars above, [S]CONST* in exergue

Ferrando II 958 (C3)
Droger
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RIC.368 Rome commemorative (AE3, Vrbs Roma, Arles, branch)12 viewsRome commemorative
AE3 (331-332, Arles mint, 1st officine)

bronze, 18 mm diameter, 2.53 g, die axis: 7 h

A/ VRBS ROMA; helmeted and mantled bust of ROMA, left
R/ She-wolf with twins, two stars above and a branch between, PCONST in exergue

Ferrando II 960 (C3)
Droger
rome-arles-couronne-pconst.JPG
RIC.373 Rome commemorative (AE3, Vrbs Roma, Arles, wreath)18 viewsRome commemorative
AE3 (332-333, Arles mint, 1st officine)

bronze, 18 mm diameter, 1.97 g, die axis: 6 h

A/ VRBS ROMA; helmeted and mantled bust of ROMA, left
R/ She-wolf with twins, two stars above and a wreath between, PCONST in exergue

Ferrando II 962 (C3)
1 commentsDroger
rome-arles-X-PCON.JPG
RIC.abs Rome commemorative (AE4, Vrbs Roma, Arles, X)14 viewsRome commemorative
AE4 (339-340, Arles mint)

bronze, 14 mm diameter, 1.44 g, die axis: 6 h

A/ VRBS ROMA; helmeted and mantled bust of ROMA, left
R/ She-wolf with twins, two stars above, X between them, PCON in exergue

The exergue may be PCON or PCONST. The lack of space and the dots on the visor of the helmet suggest it is rather PCON.

Ferrando II 979 (R1)
Droger
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RIC.267 Rome commemorative (AE3, Vrbs Roma, Lyon)17 viewsRome commemorative
AE3 (333-334, Lyon mint)

bronze, 17 mm diameter, 1.90 g, die axis: 12 h

A/ VRBS ROMA; helmeted and mantled bust of ROMA, left
R/ She-wolf with twins, two stars above, *PLC in exergue
Droger
rome-tr_p.JPG
RIC.542 Rome commemorative (AE3, Vrbs Roma)13 viewsRome commemorative
AE3 (332-333, Trèves mint)

bronze, 18 mm diameter, 2.60 g, die axis: 6 h

A/ VRBS ROMA; helmeted and mantled bust of ROMA, left
R/ She-wolf with twins, two stars above, TR•P in exergue
Droger
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"As de Nîmes" or "crocodile" Ӕ dupondius of Nemausus (9 - 3 BC), honoring Augustus and Agrippa28 viewsIMP DIVI F , Heads of Agrippa (left) and Augustus (right) back to back, Agrippa wearing rostral crown and Augustus the oak-wreath / COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm-shoot with short dense fronds and tip right; two short palm offshoots left and right below, above on left a wreath with two long ties streaming right.

Ӕ, 24.5 x 3+ mm, 13.23g, die axis 3h; on both sides there are remains of what appears to be gold plating, perhaps it was a votive offering? Rough edges and slight scrapes on flan typical for this kind of coin, due to primitive technology (filing) of flan preparation.

IMPerator DIVI Filius. Mint of COLonia NEMausus (currently Nîmes, France). Known as "As de Nîmes", it is actually a dupontius (lit. "two-pounder") = 2 ases (sometimes cut in halves to get change). Dupondii were often made out of a golden-colored copper alloy (type of brass) "orichalcum" and this appears to be such case.

Key ID points: oak-wreath (microphotography shows that at least one leaf has a complicated shape, although distinguishing oak from laurel is very difficult) – earlier versions have Augustus bareheaded, no PP on obverse as in later versions, no NE ligature, palm with short fronds with tip right (later versions have tip left and sometimes long fronds). Not typical: no clear laurel wreath together with the rostral crown, gold plating (!), both features really buffling.

But still clearly a "middle" kind of the croc dupondius, known as "type III": RIC I 158, RPC I 524, Sear 1730. It is often conservatively dated to 10 BC - 10 AD, but these days it is usually narrowed to 9/8 - 3 BC.

It is a commemorative issue, honoring the victory over Mark Antony and conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. The heads of Augustus and Agrippa were probably positioned to remind familiar obverses of Roman republican coins with two-faced Janus. Palm branch was a common symbol of victory, in this case grown into a tree, like the victories of Augustus and Agrippa grown into the empire. The two offshoots at the bottom may mean two sons of Agrippa, Gaius and Lucius, who were supposed to be Augustus' heirs and were patrons of the colony. Palm may also be a symbol of the local Nemausian deity, which was probably worshiped in a sacred grove. When these coins were minted, the colony was mostly populated by the settled veterans of Augustus' campaigns, hence the reminiscence of the most famous victory, but some of the original Celtic culture probably survived and was assimilated by Romans. The crocodile is not only the symbol of Egypt, like in the famous Octavian's coins AEGYPTO CAPTA. It is also a representation of Mark Antony, powerful and scary both in water and on land, but a bit slow and stupid. The shape of the crocodile with tail up was specifically chosen to remind of the shape of ship on very common "legionary" denarius series, which Mark Antony minted to pay his armies just before Actium. It is probably also related to the popular contemporary caricature of Cleopatra, riding on and simultaneously copulating with a crocodile, holding a palm branch in her hand as if in triumph. There the crocodile also symbolized Mark Antony.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was born c. 64-62 BC somewhere in rural Italy. His family was of humble and plebeian origins, but rich, of equestrian rank. Agrippa was about the same age as Octavian, and the two were educated together and became close friends. He probably first served in Caesar's Spanish campaign of 46–45 BC. Caesar regarded him highly enough to send him with Octavius in 45 BC to train in Illyria. When Octavian returned to Rome after Caesar's assassination, Agrippa became his close lieutenant, performing many tasks. He probably started his political career in 43 BC as a tribune of the people and then a member of the Senate. Then he was one of the leading Octavian's generals, finally becoming THE leading general and admiral in the civil wars of the subsequent years.

In 38 as a governor of Transalpine Gaul Agrippa undertook an expedition to Germania, thus becoming the first Roman general since Julius Caesar to cross the Rhine. During this foray he helped the Germanic tribe of Ubii (who previously allied themselves with Caesar in 55 BC) to resettle on the west bank of the Rhine. A shrine was dedicated there, possibly to Divus Caesar whom Ubii fondly remembered, and the village became known as Ara Ubiorum, "Altar of Ubians". This quickly would become an important Roman settlement. Agrippina the Younger, Agrippa's granddaughter, wife of Emperor Claudius and mother of Emperor Nero, would be born there in 15 AD. In 50 AD she would sponsor this village to be upgraded to a colonia, and it would be renamed Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (colony of Claudius [at] the Altar of Agrippinians – Ubii renamed themselves as Agrippinians to honor the augusta!), abbreviated as CCAA, later to become the capital of new Roman province, Germania Inferior.

In 37 BC Octavian recalled Agrippa back to Rome and arranged for him to win the consular elections, he desperately needed help in naval warfare with Sextus Pompey, the youngest son of Pompey the Great, who styled himself as the last supporter of the republican cause, but in reality became a pirate king, an irony since his father was the one who virtually exterminated piracy in all the Roman waters. He forced humiliating armistice on the triumvirs in 39 BC and when Octavian renewed the hostilities a year later, defeated him in a decisive naval battle of Messina. New fleet had to be built and trained, and Agrippa was the man for the job. Agrippa's solution was creating a huge secret naval base he called Portus Iulius by connecting together lakes Avernus, Avernus and the natural inner and outer harbors behind Cape Misenum at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples. He also created a larger type of ship and developed a new naval weapon: harpax – a ballista-launched grapnel shot with mechanisms that allowed pulling enemy ships close for easy boarding. It replaced the previous boarding device that Romans used since the First Punic War, corvus – effective, but extremely cumbersome. A later defence against it were scythe blades on long poles for cutting ropes, but since this invention was developed in secret, the enemy had no chance to prepare anything like it. It all has proved extremely effective: in a series of naval engagements Agrippa annihilated the fleet of Sextus, forced him to abandon his bases and run away. For this Agrippa was awarded an unprecedented honour that no Roman before or after him received: a rostral crown, "corona rostrata", a wreath decorated in front by a prow and beak of a ship.

That's why Virgil (Aeneid VIII, 683-684), describing Agrippa at Actium, says: "…belli insigne superbum, tempora navali fulgent rostrata corona." "…the proud military decoration, gleams on his brow the naval rostral crown". Actium, the decisive battle between forces of Octavian and Mark Antony, may appear boring compared to the war with Sextus, but it probably turned out this way due to Agrippa's victories in preliminary naval engagements and taking over all the strategy from Octavian.

In between the wars Agrippa has shown an unusual talent in city planning, not only constructing many new public buildings etc., but also greatly improving Rome's sanitation by doing a complete overhaul of all the aqueducts and sewers. Typically, it was Augustus who later would boast that "he had found the city of brick but left it of marble", forgetting that, just like in his naval successes, it was Agrippa who did most of the work. Agrippa had building programs in other Roman cities as well, a magnificent temple (currently known as Maison Carrée) survives in Nîmes itself, which was probably built by Agrippa.

Later relationship between Augustus and Agrippa seemed colder for a while, Agrippa seemed to even go into "exile", but modern historians agree that it was just a ploy: Augustus wanted others to think that Agrippa was his "rival" while in truth he was keeping a significant army far away from Rome, ready to come to the rescue in case Augustus' political machinations fail. It is confirmed by the fact that later Agrippa was recalled and given authority almost equal to Augustus himself, not to mention that he married Augustus' only biological child. The last years of Agrippa's life were spent governing the eastern provinces, were he won respect even of the Jews. He also restored Crimea to Roman Empire. His last service was starting the conquest of the upper Danube, were later the province of Pannonia would be. He suddenly died of illness in 12 BC, aged ~51.

Agrippa had several children through his three marriages. Through some of his children, Agrippa would become ancestor to many subsequent members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He has numerous other legacies.
Yurii P
AUGUSTUS_COMMEM_LIVIA~0.jpg
(00040) LIVIA (WITH AUGUSTUS)43 views(wife of Augustus; mother of Tiberius; grandmother of Claudius)
b. 58 BC - d. 29 AD
AUGUSTUS (COMMEMORATIVE, POSTHUMOUS)
UNDER TIBERIUS, 15 - 26 AD
AE 27mm 9.86g
O: RAD HEAD L, STAR ABOVE
R: LIVIA STD R, FEET ON STOOL, HLDG PATERA/ S-C
ROME
laney
AUGUSTUS_COMMEM_LIVIA.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS (COMMEMORATIVE, POSTHUMOUS)24 viewsUNDER TIBERIUS, 15 - 26 AD
AE 27mm 9.86g
O: RAD HEAD L, STAR ABOVE
R: LIVIA STD R, FEET ON STOOL, HLDG PATERA/ S-C
ROME
laney
Constantinopolis_Commemorative_AE3_1.jpg
*SOLD*20 viewsConstantinopolis Commemorative AE3

Attribution: RIC 241, Siscia
Date: AD 334-335
Obverse: CONSTAN- TINOPOLIs, helmeted & laureate and mantled bust of
Constantinopolis l. holding scepter
Reverse: Victory stg. l. on prow of galley, holding transverse scepter & resting hand on shield, dot BSIS dot in exergue
Size: 19 mm
Noah
urbs_roma.jpg
*SOLD*36 viewsConstantine the Great
City Commemorative (VRBS ROMA)

Attribution: RIC VI 561, Trier
Date: AD 333-335
Obverse: VRBS ROMA; helmeted and cuirassed bust l.
Reverse: She-wolf stg. l. suckling Romulus and Remus; above palm between two stars, TRP in exergue
Size: 18.6 mm
Weight: 2,03 grams
Noah
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003. Pop Romanvs Constantinople13 viewsConstantine the Great, Commemorative issue, (0.84g) POP
ROMANVS Laureate and draped bust of Roman people left, cornucopia
on shoulder. / Star and CONSS in wreath. These tiny coins are
associated with the founding of the new capital at
Constantinople. F
ecoli
Augustus_AE-AS_C-CAESAR-AVG-GERMANICVS-PON-M-TR-POT_VESTA_S-C_RIC-xx_BMC-xx_C-xx_Rome-40-41-AD_Q-001_h_27-30mm_6,95g-s.jpg
005 Tiberius (14-37 A.D.), RIC I 082 (Tiberius), Rome, AE-As, (Commemorative by Tiberius) Eagle standing facing, wings spread, head right, S C at sides,90 views005 Tiberius (14-37 A.D.), RIC I 082 (Tiberius), Rome, AE-As, (Commemorative by Tiberius) Eagle standing facing, wings spread, head right, S C at sides,
avers:- DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, Radiate head left.
revers:- Eagle standing facing, wings spread, head right, S C at sides.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 27-30mm, weight: 6,95 g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 21-22 A.D., ref: RIC I 82 (Tiberius), Cohen 247(Augustus), BMC 155
Q-001
quadrans
Constantio_pio.jpg
006 - Constantius "Chlorus" (struck under Constantine I, 307-337 AD), Follis - RIC 78948 viewsObv: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO, veiled, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MEMORIA FELIX, lighted and garlanded altar; on either side an eagle.

Struck in Trier (PTR in exe) autumn 307 - end of 308. Commemorative issue struck under Constantine I.
pierre_p77
Germanicus_AE-AS_GERMANICVS-CAESAR-TI-AVG-F-DIVI-AVG-N_C-CAESAR-DIVI-AVG-PRON-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IIII-P-P_S-dot-C_RIC-50_BMC-74_C-4_Rome-40-41-AD_Q-001_30mm_11,12g-s.jpg
009 Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 050, Rome, AE-As, C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR P IIII P P, Around large S•C,559 views009 Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 050, Rome, AE-As, C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR P IIII P P, Around large S•C,
Germanicus Father of Caligula. Died 19 AD. AE-AS, (15 BC.-19 CE.) posthumous commemorative minted under Caligula.
avers:- GERMANICVS-CAESAR-TI-AVG-F-DIVI-AVG-N, Bare head of left.
revers:- C-CAESAR-DIVI-AVG-PRON-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IIII-P-P, Legend around large S•C.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 11,12g, axis:- h,
mind: Rome, date: 40-41 A.D., ref: RIC-50 (Caligula), BMC-74 (Caligula), C-4,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Germanicus_AE-AS_GERMANICVS-CAESAR-TI-AVG-F-DIVI-AVG-N_TI_CLAVDIVS_CAESAR_AVG_GERM_P_M_TR_P_IMP_P_P_S-dot-C_RIC_106(Claudius)_Cohen_9,_BMC_241_Rome-41-43-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
009a Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 106 (Claudius), Rome, AE-As, TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, Around large S•C, #186 views009a Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 106 (Claudius), Rome, AE-As, TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, Around large S•C, #1
Germanicus Father of Caligula. Died 19 AD. AE-AS, (15 BC.-19 CE.) posthumous commemorative minted under Caligula.
avers:- GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, Bare head right
revers:- TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, Legend around large S•C.
exerg: S•C//--, diameter: 27-28mm, weight: 9,87g, axis: 6h,
mind: Rome, date: 40-41 A.D., ref: RIC I 106 (Claudius), Cohen 9, BMC 241,
Q-001
quadrans
Germanicus_AE-AS_GERMANICVS-CAESAR-TI-AVG-F-DIVI-AVG-N_TI_CLAVDIVS_CAESAR_AVG_GERM_P_M_TR_P_IMPPP_S_C_RIC_106(Cl)_C_9,_Rome-41-3AD_Q-001_6h_30,5mm_11,03ga-s.jpg
009a Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 106 (Claudius), Rome, AE-As, TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, Around large S•C, #2139 views009a Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 106 (Claudius), Rome, AE-As, TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, Around large S•C, #2
Germanicus Father of Caligula. Died 19 AD. AE-AS, (15 BC.-19 CE.) posthumous commemorative minted under Caligula.
avers:- GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, Bare head right
revers:- TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, Legend around large S•C.
exerg: S•C//--, diameter: 29,5-30,5mm, weight: 11,03g, axis: 6h,
mind: Rome, date: 40-41 A.D., ref: RIC I 106 (Claudius), Cohen 9, BMC 241,
Q-002
3 commentsquadrans
aug1.JPG
010 Augustus157 viewsDivus Augustus Æ As. Commemorative by Tiberius. DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, radiate head left, thunderbolt before / Eagle standing on globe facing, wings spread, head right, S C at sides. RIC 82 [Tiberius]


"I found Rome built of bricks; I leave her clothed in marble."


This was one of my first ancients, it was my first early imperial.
1 commentsrandy h2
009.JPG
010 Augustus323 viewsDivus Augustus Æ . Commemorative by Tiberius. DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, radiate head left / Eagle standing on globe facing, wings spread, head right, S C at sides. RIC 82


Click and enlarge for better photo
14 commentsRandygeki(h2)
02-Claudius-II-The-26.jpg
02. Claudius II: Thessalonica fractional.19 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Thessalonica mint.
Obverse: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP / Veiled bust of Claudius II, Gothicus.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark:: . TS . Γ .
1.35 gm., 16 mm.
RIC #26; PBCC #906; Sear #16399.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
Divoclavdio.jpg
020 - Claudius II Gothicus (268-270 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 26145 viewsObv: DIVO CLAVDIO. radiated bust right.
Rev: CONSECRATIO, large altar.
Minted in Milan(?), c 270 AD.

Commemorative coin struck after the emperors death.
pierre_p77
FaustinaI_denar.jpg
025 - Faustina I (138-141 AD), commemorative denarius - RIC 35835 viewsObv: DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right
Rev: AVGVSTA, Ceres standing right, holding scepter and grain ears.
Minted in Rome 148-161 AD.

Commemorative issues were struck in huge quantitis under the husband Antoninus Pius after Faustinas death in 141 AD.
pierre_p77
03-Constantius-The-25.jpg
03. Constantius I: Thessalonica fractional.21 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Thessalonica mint.
Obverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINCIPI / Veiled bust of Constantius I.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark: . T . SB .
1.78 gm., 16 mm.
RIC #25; PBCC #908; Sear unlisted.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
domitian as caesar rider on horse.jpg
04 Domitian as Caesar RIC 957155 viewsAR Denarius, 3.44g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD (Vespasian)
RIC 957 (C2). BMC 234. RSC 49.
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS V; Horseman, helmeted, in military dress, cloak floating behind him, on horse prancing r., with r. hand thrown upwards and back
Acquired from Aegean Numismatics, September 2007.

Issued at a time when Domitian was aspiring to an Eastern command against the Alani, Mattingly attributes this type to that cause: The rider is Mars calling Rome to the field of battle.

Other theories suggest the rider is either Domitian or a soldier. Curtis Clay has also proposed the idea that this type may well be of a commemorative nature, since much of Vespasian's coinage are copies of past popular types.

A lovely coin in hand, the portrait was the reason this one found a home in my collection.
1 commentsVespasian70
04-Maximianus-Sis-41.jpg
04. Maximian: Siscia fractional.43 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Siscia mint.
Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP / Veiled bust of Maximian.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark: SIS
1.61 gm., 15mm.
RIC #41; PBCC #838; Sear #16412.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
122a.jpg
122a Constantinoplis. AE follis 2.8gm18 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINOPOLIS laur. helm. and mantled bust of Constantinople l., holding scepter
rev: Victory std. l. holding shield and scepter, foot on prow to l.
ex: SMANI
"city commemorative struck in honer of Constantinople. alluding to a recent navel battle over the Licinii, with Victory adv. from conquest."
hill132
122d.jpg
122d Urbs Roma. AE follis 3.0gm24 viewsobv: VRBS ROMA helm. mantled bust of Roma l.
rev: she-wolf std. l. head straight, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus, two stars above
ex: TR.S
"City commemorative"
hill132
122e.jpg
122e Urbs Roma. AE follis 2.9gm21 viewsobv: VRBS ROMA helm and mantled bust of Roma l.
rev: she-wolf std. l. head r. suckling the twins Romulus and Remus
ex: PLG
"city commemorative"
hill132
Max.jpg
1302b, Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D., commemorative issued by Constantine the Great (Siscia)55 viewsMaximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D., commemorative issued by Constantine the Great. Bronze AE3, RIC 41, VF, Siscia, 1.30g, 16.1mm, 0o, 317-318 A.D. Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, laureate and veiled head right; Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMO-RVM MERITORVM, Emperor seated left on curule chair, raising hand and holding scepter, SIS in exergue; scarce (R3).


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D.

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Perhaps born ca. 249/250 A.D. in Sirmium in the area of the Balkans, Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Maximianus Herculius (Maximian), had been a soldier before he put on the purple. A fellow soldier with the Emperor Diocletian, he had served in the military during the reigns of Aurelian and Probus.

When the Emperor Diocletian determined that the empire was too large for one man to govern on his own, he made Maximian his Caesar in 285/6 and elevated him to the rank of Augustus in perhaps the spring of 286. While Diocletian ruled in the East, Maximian ruled in the West. In 293, in order to maintain and to strengthen the stability of the empire, Diocletian appointed Constantius I Chlorus to serve Maximian as a Caesar in the West, while Galerius did the same job in the East. This arrangement, called the "Tetrarchy", was meant not only to provide a stronger foundation for the two emperors' rule, but also to end any possible fighting over the succession to the throne once the two senior Augusti had left the throne--a problem which had bedeviled the principate since the time of the Emperor Augustus. To cement the relationship between Maximian and his Caesar, Constantius married Maximian's elder daughter Theodora. A decade later, Constantius' son Constantine would marry Maximia's younger daughter Fausta.

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximian, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple. Their resignations seem largely due to the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian seems to have forced his colleague to abdicate. In any case, Herculius had sworn an oath at the temple of Capitoline Jupiter to carry out the terms of the abdication. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Diocletian's retirement was at Salonae in Dalmatia, while Herculius' retreat was either in Lucania or Campania.

Maximian's retirement, however, was of short duration because, a little more than a year later on 28 October 306, his son Maxentius was proclaimed emperor at Rome. To give his regime an aura of legitimacy, Maximian was forced to affirm his son's acclamation. When Galerius learned of Maxentius' rebellion, he sent Severus against him with an army that had formerly been under his father's command. Maxentius invested his father with the purple again to win over his enemy's troops, a ruse which succeeded. Perhaps to strengthen his own position, in 307 Maximian went to Gaul and married his daughter Fausta to Constantine. When Constantine refused to become embroiled in the civil war between Galerius and Maxentius, Maximian returned to Rome in 308 and attempted to depose his son; however, he did not succeed. When Maximian was unable to convince Diocletian to take up the purple again at a meeting in Carnuntum in late 308, he returned to his son-in-law's side in Gaul.

Although Maximian was treated with all of the respect due a former emperor, he still desired to be more than a figurehead. He decided to seize the purple from Constantine when his son-in-law least expected it. His opportunity came in the summer of 310 when the Franks revolted. When Constantine had taken a small part of his army into enemy territory, Maximian proclaimed himself again emperor and paid the soldiers under his command a donative to secure their loyalty. As soon as Constantine received news about Maximian's revolt in July 310, he went south and reached Arelate before his father-in-law could mount a defense of the city. Although Maximian fled to Massilia, his son-in-law seized the city and took Maximian prisoner. Although he was deprived of the purple, he was granted pardon for his crimes. Unable to endure the humiliation of his defeat, he attempted to have Constantine murdered in his bed. The plot failed because he tried to get his daughter Fausta's help in the matter; she chose to reveal the matter to her husband. Because of this attempt on his son-in-law's life Maximian was dead by the end of July either by his own hand or on the orders of his intended victim.

Eutropia was of Syrian extraction and her marriage to Maximian seems to have been her second. She bore him two children: Maxentius and Fausta. An older daughter, Theodora, may have been a product of her first marriage. Fausta became the wife of Constantine I , while her sister Theodora was the second spouse of his father Constantius I Chlorus . Eutropia apparently survived all her children, with the possible exception of her daughter Fausta who seems to have died in 326. Eutropia is also said to have become a Christian.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Urbs-Roma_AE-9,5_monogram_RIC-xx-X_Q-002_axis-0h_9,5mm_0,99g-s.jpg
137 Commemorative, ( A.D.), RIC VII , AE-3, -/-//--, She-wolf left, 116 views137 Commemorative, ( A.D.), RIC VII , AE-3, -/-//--, She-wolf left,
avers: VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left.
reverse: She-wolf and twins, 2 stars above.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: , date: A.D., ref: RIC VII , p,
Q-001
quadrans
Urbs-Roma_AE-18_VRBS-ROMA_dot-SMN-Epsilon_RIC-VII-195-p634_Q-005_axis-11h_17-18mm_2,57g-s.jpg
137 Commemorative, (330-333 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 119, AE-3, -/-//•SMHЄ, She-wolf left, R3!!!,145 views137 Commemorative, (330-333 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 119, AE-3, -/-//•SMHЄ, She-wolf left, R3!!!,
avers: VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left.
reverse: She-wolf and twins, 2 stars above
exergue: -/-//•SMHЄ, diameter: 17,0-18,0 mm, weight: 2,57 g, axis: 11h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 330-333 A.D., ref: RIC VII 119, p-558,
Q-001
quadrans
Urbs-Roma_AE-18_VRBS-ROMA_Gamma-SIS_RIC-VII-222-p453_Q-006_axis-6h_18mm_2,89g-s.jpg
137 Commemorative, (330-333 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 222, AE-3, -/-//ΓSIS, She-wolf left, C3!, #1123 views137 Commemorative, (330-333 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 222, AE-3, -/-//ΓSIS, She-wolf left, C3!, #1
avers: VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left.
reverse: She-wolf and twins, 2 stars above
exergue: -/-//ΓSIS, diameter: 18 mm, weight: 2,89 g, axis: 6 h,
mint: Siscia, date: 330-333 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-222, p-453, C3!,
Q-001
quadrans
Urbs-Roma_AE-18_VRBS-ROMA_Gamma-SIS_RIC-VII-222-p453_Q-002_axis-7h_18,5mm_2,40g-s.jpg
137 Commemorative, (330-333 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 222, AE-3, -/-//ΓSIS, She-wolf left, C3!, #2177 views137 Commemorative, (330-333 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 222, AE-3, -/-//ΓSIS, She-wolf left, C3!, #2
avers: VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left.
reverse: She-wolf and twins, 2 stars above
exergue: -/-//ΓSIS, diameter: 18,5 mm, weight: 2,40 g, axis: 7 h,
mint: Siscia , date: 330-333 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-222, p-453, C3!
Q-002
quadrans
Commemorative_AE-follis_URBS-ROMA_dot_SISdot_RIC-VII-240-p-456-c3_Siscia_334-5-AD__Q-001_axis-6h_16mm_2,02g-s.jpg
137 Commemorative, (330-333 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 240, AE-3, -/-//•ΓSIS•, She-wolf left, C3!, #1639 views137 Commemorative, (330-333 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 240, AE-3, -/-//•ΓSIS•, She-wolf left, C3!, #1
avers: VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left.
reverse: She-wolf and twins, 2 stars above
exergue: -/-//•ΓSIS•, diameter: 16mm, weight: 2,02g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 334-335 A.D., RIC VII 240, p:456, C3!,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Urbs-Roma_AE-18_VRBS-ROMA_dot-Gamma-SIS-dot_RIC-VII-240-p456_c3_Q-002_axis-6h_18mm_2,19g-s.jpg
137 Commemorative, (330-333 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 240, AE-3, -/-//•ΓSIS•, She-wolf left, C3!, #2180 views137 Commemorative, (330-333 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 240, AE-3, -/-//•ΓSIS•, She-wolf left, C3!, #2
avers: VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left.
reverse: She-wolf and twins, 2 stars above
exergue: -/-//•ΓSIS•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,19g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 334-335 A.D., RIC-VII-240, p:456, C3!,
Q-002
4 commentsquadrans
Urbs-Roma_AE-18_VRBS-ROMA_SMN-Gamma_three-dotsRIC-VII-195-p634_Q-005_axis-11h_17-18mm_2,57g-s.jpg
137 Commemorative, (330-335 A.D.), Nicomedia, RIC VII 195, AE-3, -/-//SMNΓ, She-wolf left, R1, #1,119 views137 Commemorative, (330-335 A.D.), Nicomedia, RIC VII 195, AE-3, -/-//SMNΓ, She-wolf left, R1, #1,
avers: VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left.
reverse: She-wolf and twins, 2 stars above with three dots vertically placed between them.
exergue: -/-//SMNΓ, diameter: 17,0-18,0 mm, weight: 2,57 g, axis: 11 h,
mint: Nicomedia, date: 330-335 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-195, p634, R1!,
Q-001
quadrans
City_Commemorative,_Nicomedia,_RIC_VII_195,_AE-3,_VRBS_ROMA,_SMNS,_Sear_16521,_330-335_AD,_Q-001,_11h,_16-16,5mm,_2,39g-s.jpg
137 Commemorative, (330-335 A.D.), Nicomedia, RIC VII 195, AE-3, -/-//SMNS, She-wolf left, #1,144 views137 Commemorative, (330-335 A.D.), Nicomedia, RIC VII 195, AE-3, -/-//SMNS, She-wolf left, #1,
avers: VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left.
reverse: She-wolf and twins, 2 stars above with three dots vertically placed between them.
exergue: -/-//SMNS, diameter: 16,0-16,5 mm, weight: 2,39 g, axis: 11 h,
mint: Nicomedia, date: 330-335 A.D., ref: RIC VII 195, Sear 16521,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Urbs-Roma_AE-18_VRBS-ROMA_TRS_palm_Trier_RIC-VII-561-p218_Q-004_axis-6h_15mm_1,69g-s.jpg
137 Commemorative, (333-334 A.D.), Tier, RIC VII 561, AE-3, -/-//TRS, She-wolf left, C3!80 views137 Commemorative, (333-334 A.D.), Tier, RIC VII 561, AE-3, -/-//TRS, She-wolf left, C3!
avers: VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left.
reverse: She-wolf and twins, 2 stars above, palm branch between them.
exergue: -/-//TRS, diameter: 15,0 mm, weight: 1,69 g, axis: 6 h,
mint: Trier, date: 333-334 A.D., ref: RIC VII 561, p-218, C3!,
Q-001
quadrans
Urbs-Roma_AE-9,5_monogram_RIC-958cf-X_Q-001_axis-0h_9,5mm_0,99g-s.jpg
137 Commemorative, (336-337 A.D.), AE-4, Heraclea, RIC VII 156, URBS ROMA, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers, with one standard, R3!!!,142 views137 Commemorative, (336-337 A.D.), AE-4, Heraclea, RIC VII 156, URBS ROMA, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers, with one standard, R3!!!,
avers: - URBS-ROMA, helmeted, wearing imperial cloak,
revers:- GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them.
exerg: SMHB, diameter: 9,5mm, weight: 0,99g, axes: 0h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 336-337 A.D., ref: RIC VII 156, p-561, R3!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Urbs-Roma_AE-9,5_monogram_RIC-xx-X_Q-003_axis-0h_9,5mm_0,99g-s.jpg
137 Commemorative, (347-348 A.D.), AE-4, Heraclea, RIC VII 49, URBS ROMA, VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX, in wreath, Scarce!123 views137 Commemorative, (347-348 A.D.), AE-4, Heraclea, RIC VII 49, URBS ROMA, VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX, in wreath, Scarce!
avers:- VRBS- ROMA, Bust of Roma left wearing visored and crested helmet and ornamental mantle.
revers: - VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX, in wreath,.
exe: SMHA (?), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 347-348 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-49, p-433, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
POP-ROMANVS_13-13,5mm_0,99ga-s.jpg
137a Commemorative, (330 A.D.), AE-3, Constantinopolis, RIC VIII 022, */CONS Γ in wreath,124 views137a Commemorative, (330 A.D.), AE-3, Constantinopolis, RIC VIII 022, */CONS Γ in wreath,
avers:- POP-ROMANVS, Laureate and draped bust of the Roman People left, with cornucopiae.
revers: - Large star within wreath, CONS and officina letter (Γ) below.
exe:-/-// */CONS Γ, diameter: 13-13,5 mm, weight: 0,99 g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Constantinopolis , date: 330 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-22, p-448,
Q-001
quadrans
Commemorativ_AE-follis_RO-MA_P-R_RIC-VIII-104-p-256_Rome_333-34AD-R4_Q-001_axis-5h_16mm_2,43g-s.jpg
137a Commemorative, (340-348 A.D.), AE-4, Rome, RIC VIII 104, RO MA/ P-R, R4!!!,311 views137a Commemorative, (340-348 A.D.), AE-4, Rome, RIC VIII 104, RO MA/ P-R, R4!!!,
avers: - RO-MA, draped bust of Roma right, wearing visored and crested helmet,
revers: - No legend, Emperor, helmeted and in military dress, standing facing, head left, holding spear in right hand and resting left hand on shield. P-R across fields.
exe: No mintmark, diameter: 16mm, weight: 2,43g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 348 A.D., RIC-VIII-104, p-256, R4!!!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantinopoliton_AE-9,5_RIC-xxx-X_Q-001_axis-0h_9,5mm_0,99g-y-s.jpg
138 Commemorative, (336-337 A.D.), AE-4, Constantinopolis, RIC VII 144, Constantinopolis, GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers, with one standard, R3!!!,156 views138 Commemorative, (336-337 A.D.), AE-4, Constantinopolis, RIC VII 144, Constantinopolis, GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers, with one standard, R3!!!,
avers:- CONSTAN-TINOPOLI, Helmeted and mantled bust of Constantinopolis left, holding reversed spear over shoulder.
revers:- GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS, Two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them.
exerg: CONSA Z(?), diameter: 9,5mm, weight: 0,99g, axes: 0h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: 336-337 A.D., ref: RIC VII 144, p-589, R3!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinopolis_AE-3-4_CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS_No_text_BSIS_RIC-VII-224-B_Sear-3890_330-333-AD_Q-001_6h_17,5-18mm_2,84g-s.jpg
138 Constantinopolis, (336-337 A.D.), AE-4, Commemorative, RIC VII 144, Siscia, -/-//BSIS, Victory standing on prow,70 views138 Constantinopolis, (336-337 A.D.), AE-4, Commemorative, RIC VII 144, Siscia, -/-//BSIS, Victory standing on prow,
avers:- CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS, Helmeted and mantled bust of Constantinopolis left, holding sceptre.
revers:- Without legends, Victory standing on prow, holding sceptre and resting hand on shield.
exerg: -/-//BSIS, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 2,84g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 330-333 A.D., ref: RIC VII 224B, p-453, C3, Sear-3890,
Q-001
quadrans
138_Constantinopolis_Roma_RIC_VII_371_AE-3-4_CONSTANTI_NOPOLIS_-_RstarE_p-341,_Sear_16466,_335-6-AD_R2,_Q-001_0h_15,5-17,5mm_2,03g-s.jpg
138 Constantinopolis, (336-337 A.D.), Roma, RIC VII 371, AE-4, Commemorative, -/-//R*E, Victory standing on prow, R2 !, #1100 views138 Constantinopolis, (336-337 A.D.), Roma, RIC VII 371, AE-4, Commemorative, -/-//R*E, Victory standing on prow, R2 !, #1
avers:- CONSTANTI NOPOLIS, Helmeted and mantled bust of Constantinopolis left, holding sceptre.
revers:- Without legends, Victory standing on prow, holding sceptre and resting hand on shield.
exerg: -/-//R*E, size: 15,5-17,5mm, weight: 2,03g, axes: 0h,
mint: Roma, date: 335-336 A.D., ref: RIC VII 371, p-341, R2 !, Sear 16466,
Q-001
quadrans
FaustinaBlack.jpg
15 Faustina I RIC 110519 viewsFaustina I 138-140 AD. AE Sestertius. Rome Mint. Posthumous commemorative of 141-161 AD. (24.18g, 32.58mm) Obv: DIVA FAVSTINA, Draped bust right. Rev: AETERNITAS S-C, Aeternitas standing left holding phoenix on globe and holding up skirt.
RIC 1105

Ex: Incitatus Coins, Vcoins
Paddy
FaustinaPeacock.jpg
15 Faustina RIC 38415 viewsFaustina I 138-140 AD. Rome Mint. Posthumous commemorative of 141-161 AD. (3.78g; 17mm) Obv: DIVA FAVSTINA, Draped bust right. Rev:
CONSECR-ATIO, peacock walking right, head left.
RIC 384; Cohen 176

Ex: Pecunem
Paddy
RI 161j img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Arles 37437 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev:– –, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Arles. Wreath in left field, PCONST in exe.
Reference:– RIC Arles 374 (R2).
maridvnvm
RI 161h img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Constantinople 7930 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev:– –, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Constantinople. CONSIA. in exe.
Reference:– RIC Constantinople 79
maridvnvm
RI 161l img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Lugdunum 24130 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev:– –, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Lugdunum (PLG in exe). A.D. 330
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 241 (R1). Bastien 202 (36 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI_161ay_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Lugdunum 24224 viewsObv:– VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev:– –, She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Lugdunum. PLG in exe.
Reference:– RIC Lugdunum 242 (R2).
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 161i img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Lugdunum 24621 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev:– –, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Lugdunum. dot PLG in exe.
Reference:– RIC Lugdunum 246 (R2).
maridvnvm
RI 161g img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Lugdunum 247 21 viewsObv:– VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev:– –, She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Lugdunum. • PLG in exe. A.D. 332
Reference:– RIC Lugdunum 247 (R1).
maridvnvm
RI 161e img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Lugdunum 24714 viewsObv:– VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev:– –, She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Lugdunum. • SLG in exe. A.D. 332
Reference:– RIC Lugdunum 247 (R1). Bastien XIII 237 (23)
maridvnvm
RI_161r_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Lugdunum 24743 viewsObv:– VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev:– –, She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Lugdunum. • PLG in exe. A.D. 332
Reference:– RIC Lugdunum 247 (R1).
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_161q_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Lugdunum 24726 viewsObv:– VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev:– –, She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Lugdunum (•SLG). A.D. 332
Reference(s) – Bastien XIII 237 (23). RIC VII Lyons 247 (R3).
maridvnvm
RI_161ak_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Lugdunum 24722 viewsObv:– VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev:– –, She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Lugdunum (•SLG). A.D. 332
Reference(s) – Bastien XIII 237 (23). RIC VII Lyons 247 (R3).
maridvnvm
RI 161d img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Lugdunum 25634 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev:– –, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Lugdunum. dot in Crescent PLG in exe. A.D. 330 - 333
Reference:– RIC Lugdunum 256 (R1). Bastien Vol. XIII 222.
maridvnvm
RI_161al_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Lugdunum 25620 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev:– –, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Lugdunum. dot in Crescent PLG in exe. A.D. 330 - 333
Reference:– RIC Lugdunum 256 (R1). Bastien Vol. XIII 222.
maridvnvm
RI_161am_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Lugdunum 256 16 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Lugdunum (dot in Crescent PLG). A.D. 330 - 333
Reference(s) – Bastien XIII 222 (44). RIC VII Lugdunum 256 (R1)
maridvnvm
RI 161m img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Lugdunum 25736 viewsObv:– VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev:– –, She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Lugdunum. • in crescent PLG in exe. A.D. 331
Reference:– RIC Lugdunum 257 (R2). Bastien XIII 221 (62 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 161k img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Lugdunum 26622 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev:– –, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Lugdunum. *SLG in exe. A.D. 334-335
Reference:– RIC Lugdunum 266 (R3). Bastien Vol. XIII 260 (11 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 161c img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Lugdunum 26734 viewsObv:– VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev:– –, She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Lugdunum. *PLG in exe
Reference:– RIC Lugdunum 267 (R3). Bastien Vol. XIII 253.
maridvnvm
RI 161f img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Lugdunum 26727 viewsObv:– VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev:– –, She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Lugdunum. *SLG in exe. A.D. 334-335
Reference:– RIC Lugdunum 267 (R3). Bastien XIII 259 (17 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI_161s_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Lugdunum 26718 viewsObv:– VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev:– –, She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Lugdunum (*PLG). A.D. 333-334
Reference(s) – Bastien XIII 253 (36). RIC 267 (R3).
maridvnvm
RI_161ao_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Lyons 267 19 viewsObv:– VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev:– None, She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Lugdunum (*SLG). A.D. 334-335
Reference:– Bastien XIII 259. RIC VII Lyons 267 (R3)
maridvnvm
RI 161a img.JPG
161 - Commemorative - RIC Thessalonica 18744 viewsObv:– VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev:– –, She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Thessalonica. SMTSE in exe
Reference:– RIC Thessalonica 187
maridvnvm
RI 161b img.JPG
161 - Commemorative - RIC Thessalonica 18846 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev:– –, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Thessalonica. SMTSE in exe. A.D. 330 - 333
Reference:– RIC Thessalonica 188
maridvnvm
RI_161an_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Trier 53011 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Trier (TRS•).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 530
maridvnvm
RI_161ap_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Trier 547 13 viewsObv: Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev: She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Trier (//TRP*).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 547
maridvnvm
RI_161aq_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC Trier 54714 viewsObv: Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev: She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Trier (//TR dot P).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 547
maridvnvm
RI_161at_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Alexandria 64 16 viewsAE3
Obv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Alexandria (//SMALB).
Reference:– RIC VII Alexandria 64 (R1)
maridvnvm
RI_161au_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Arles 351 15 viewsAE3
Obv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Arles (//SCONST*).
Reference:– RIC VII Arles 351 (R4)
maridvnvm
RI_161ad_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Arles 352 (R4)21 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Arles (* | _ /PCONST).
Reference:– RIC VII Arles 352 (R4)
maridvnvm
RI_161t_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Arles 369 (R2)18 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Arles (Triple palm branch angled left | _ /PCONST).
Reference:– RIC VII Arles 369 (R2)
maridvnvm
RI_161u_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Arles 369 (R3)17 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Arles (Triple palm branch angled left | _ /SCONST).
Reference:– RIC VII Arles 369 (R3)
maridvnvm
RI_161af_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Constantinople 7821 viewsObv:– VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev:– –, She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Constantinople (//CONSE•).
Reference:– RIC VII Constantinople 78 (R1)
maridvnvm
RI_161aa_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Cyzicus 92 (R4)24 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Cyzicus (SMKE).
Reference:– RIC VII Cyzicus 92 (R4)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_161ac_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Lugdunum 241 (R3)15 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Lugdunum (//SLG). A.D. 330
Reference:– Bastien 205 (11 examples cited). RIC VII Lugdunum 241 (R3)
maridvnvm
RI_161x_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Lugdunum 246 (R2)32 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Lugdunum (•PLC). A.D. 332
Reference:– Bastien XIII 233 (59 examples cited). RIC VII Lugdunum 246 (R2)
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_161ax_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Lugdunum 246 (R2)21 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Lugdunum (•PLC). A.D. 332
Reference:– Bastien XIII 233 (59 examples cited). RIC VII Lugdunum 246 (R2)
maridvnvm
RI_161z_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Lugdunum 266 (R3)16 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Lugdunum (*SLG). A.D. 334-335
Reference:– Bastien 260 (11 examples cited). RIC VII Lugdunum 266 (R3)
maridvnvm
RI_161ai_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Rome 35425 viewsObv:– VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev:– –, She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Rome (//R Wreath Q).
Reference:– RIC VII Rome 354 (S)
maridvnvm
RI_161v_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Rome 355 (S)18 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Rome (//R Wreath E).
Reference:– RIC VII Rome 355 (S)
maridvnvm
RI_161av_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Siscia 22236 viewsAE3
Obv:– VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev:– –, She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Siscia (//Gamma SIS).
Reference:– RIC VII Siscia 222
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_161y_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Trier 53026 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Trier (TRP•).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 530
maridvnvm
RI_161ag_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Trier 54715 viewsObv:– VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev:– –, She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Trier (//TRP*).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 547
maridvnvm
RI_161w_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Trier 54827 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Trier (//TRS*).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 548
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_161ab_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Trier 54818 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Trier (TRP*).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 548
maridvnvm
RI_161aw_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Trier 54814 viewsAE3
Obv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Trier (TRP*).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 548 (C3)

2.75 gms. 17.92 mm. 0 degrees.
maridvnvm
RI_161aj_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative Issues - AE3 - RIC VII Arles 36816 viewsObv: Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev: She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Arles (Three armed Palm Branch //SCONST).
Reference:– RIC VII Arles 368 (R2)
maridvnvm
RI_161ah_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative Issues - AE3 - RIC VII Arles 39217 viewsObv: Helmeted bust of Roma left
Rev: She wolf feeding Romulus and Remus, two stars above
Minted in Arles (Pine Tree //PCONST).
Reference:– RIC VII Arles 392 (R4)
maridvnvm
LouisXVI1778.JPG
1778. Louis XVI Port Commemorative .119 viewsObv. Draped bust right LUD XVI REX CHRISTIANISS
Rev. Text PIETAS REGIA AEDE AD MARLIACI PORTUM STRUCTA MDCCLXXVIII

Commemorates the construction/expansion of a port.
LordBest
30k-Roma-Ant-091.jpg
30k. Roma commemorative: Antioch.31 viewsAE3, 330 - 335, Antioch mint.
Obverse: VRBS ROMA / Helmeted bust of Roma, facing left.
Reverse: Wolf with Romulus and Remus, two stars above. Unidentified shoulder mark on wolf.
Mint mark: SMANΘ
3.14 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #91; LRBC #1359; Sear #16526.
1 commentsCallimachus
30m-Roma-Arl-392.jpg
30m. Roma commemorative: Arelate.22 viewsAE3, 335, Arelate (Constantina) mint.
Obverse: VRBS ROMA / Helmeted bust of Roma, facing left.
Reverse: She-wolf with Romulus and Remus.
Mint mark: PCONST, two stars above with "pine tree" between.
2.56 gm., 17 mm.
RIC #392; LRBC #396; Sear #16500.
Callimachus
30o-Constantinopoli-Cyz-108.jpg
30o. Constantinopoli commemorative: Cyzicus.34 viewsAE3, 330 - 335, Cyzicus mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTINOPOLI / Helmeted bust of Constantinople, facing left, and holding a sceptre.
Reverse: Victory standing on prow of galley, holding sceptre and leaning on shield.
Mint mark: . SMKΔ
2.35 gm., 19 mm.
RIC #108; LRBC # 1250; Sear #16478.
1 commentsCallimachus
City-comm-heraclea_RIC_129.jpg
330-334 AD - City Commemorative - Heraclea mint223 viewsUrbs Roma commemorative AE3. 330-334 AD. VRBS ROMA, helmeted cuirassed bust of Roma left / she-wolf left, suckling Romulus and Remus, *(3 vertical dots)* above, SMHe in ex.

RIC 129 rated R4
1 commentsjimwho523
35m-Roma-Ant-113.jpg
35m. Roma commemorative: Antioch.20 viewsAE 3/4, 335-37, Antioch mint.
Obverse: VRBS ROMA / Helmeted bust of Roma, facing left.
Reverse: She-wolf with Romulus and Remus.
Mint mark: SMANΘ, two stars above. Paw-print shoulder mark.
1.68 gm., 14.5 mm.
RIC #113; LRBC #1368; Sear #16526 note.
Callimachus
35o-Constantinopoli-Ant-114.jpg
35o. Constaninopolis commemorative: Antioch.24 viewsAE3/4, 335 - 337, Antioch mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTINOPOLIS / Helmeted bust of Constantinopolis, facing left.
Reverse: Victory standing on prow of ship, olding sceptre, leaning on shield.
Mint mark: SMANI
1.49 gm., 15 mm.
RIC #114; LRBC #1369; Sear #16478
Callimachus
caligula quadrans.jpg
37-41 AD - CALIGULA (GAIUS) AE quadrans - struck 39 AD36 viewsobv: C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG / RCC
rev: PONT M TR P III PP COS DES III / S.C.
ref: RIC I 39, C.27, BMC57
mint: Rome
3.06gms, 16-18mm
Scarce

RCC = remissa ducentesima. Commemorative of a tax having been abolished by Caligula. The pileus or cap of liberty between S and C, an allusion made to the right of suffrage granted to the people in the year AD 38.
berserker
Cuarto_Follis_Maximino_II_Antioch_Vagi_2955.jpg
A116-30 -Acuñacion Civica Anonima Semi-Autonoma (311 - 312 D.C.)39 viewsAE15 ¼ de Follis o Nummus 19 x 15 mm 1.2 gr.
Moneda tradicionalmente atribuida a Julian II hasta que J.Van Heesch en su artículo “The last Civic Coinages and the Religious Police of Maximinus Daza”, publicado en el Numismatic Chronicle vol.153 Pags. 66 y subsiguientes (1993), realiza un detallado estudio de este tipo de acuñación cívica anónima del cuarto siglo, donde demuestra que estas monedas se acuñaron bajos los auspicios de Maximino II Daya conmemorando “La Gran Persecución” de los Cristianos y por consiguiente la Victoria Pagana, al honrar con ellas a los antiguos dioses grecorromanos Júpiter, Apolo, Tyche, y Serapis. Recordemos que en dicha persecución (desde finales del 311 a finales del 312 D.C.) se cerraron Iglesias, encarcelando y/o desterrando a los cristianos. Esta campaña fue particularmente fuerte en Nicomedia, Antioquia y Alejandría, los tres centros principales del Imperio de Oriente. Estas persecuciones menguaron al año siguiente posiblemente como resultado de la preocupación de Maximino II al provocar abiertamente a los Emperadores Asociados de Occidente Constantino I y Licinio I.

Anv: "IOVI CONS - ERVATORI" – Júpiter semidesnudo, sentado en un trono a izquierda, portando globo en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y largo cetro vertical en la izquierda.
Rev: "VICTOR - IA AVGG" – Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando guirnalda en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y hoja de palma en la izquierda. "ANT" en exergo y "B" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 311 - 312 D.C.
Ceca: Antiochia (Off. 2da.)

Referencias: Cohen Vol.VIII #53 Pag.49 (Julián II) (10f) - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7952 Pag.94 – Vaggi #2955 - J.Van Heesch “The last Civic Coinages and the Religious Police of Maximinus Daza (1993)” #2.
mdelvalle
Anon1_opt.jpg
Anonymous Commemorative AE4, Centenionalis or Nummus, RIC 156, 39 viewsOBV: VRBS - ROMA - Roma helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust left
REV: GLOR-IA-EXERCISES ITVS Exe: SMH - Two soldiers standing, helmeted, each holding a spear and leaning on a shield between them, a sign topped by a military vexillum on which is a crown. R1
1.5g, 15mm
Minted at Heraclea, 336-7 AD
This is not a hybrid, but seems to have been the normal type for the last issue to hit Heraclea before the disappearance of Constantine
Legatus
Anonymous commemorative scripulum, c 530 AD.JPG
Anonymous commemorative scripulum, c 530 AD111 viewsAnonymous
AR scripulum, third-siliqua
Constantinople, c. 530 AD
Helmeted and draped bust of Constantinopolis right
Large K within beaded border
Bendall Type 8; RIC VII -; J.P.C. Kent, "Urbs Roma and Constantinopolis Medallions at the mint of Rome," Essays Sutherland, p. 112, pl. 13, 28; RSC -; Vagi 3051
Ex CNG
4 commentsArdatirion
Anonymous commemorative, 340 AD.JPG
Anonymous commemorative, 340 AD69 viewsAnonymous
AE 4 13mm
Constantinople, 330 AD
POP ROMANVS
laureate and draped bust left, cornucopia on shoulder
CONS B
bridge over river
RIC VIII 21
Ex CNG
2 commentsArdatirion
ABMoffSMANTdeltaepsilon.jpg
ANTIOCH 01 [9]b SMANT[delta,epsilon]46 viewsRIC - (see 85 and 91)
The SMANT[officina] mark was used on the Campgate issues but only on a small number of dies at the start of the GLORIA EXERCITVS 2 standard coinage. It is attested by RIC 85, representing Gloria issues of Constantine I in workshops 2 and 4 but not for any other ruler. The officina mark (delta+epsilon, or 4+5=9) is another way of writing theta, sometimes considered an unlucky letter since it could stand for 'Thanatos' (Death).
Its extreme rarity means that this mark must belong to a very short period, presumably around May 330 at the very beginning of the Gloria coinage (and associated city commemorative issues). Only two VRBS ROMA coins are known with this mark, both struck from the same dies, giving further evidence of this issue's rarity. Weight 2.65g.
adrianus
antoninus_pius_03.jpg
Antoninus Pius AE Sestertius20 viewsObv: DIVVS ANTONINVS - Bare head right.
Rev: DIVO PIO - Column of Antoninus, surmounted by statue of the emperor; S C across field.
Year: 162 AD
Ref: RIC III 1269
oa
Divus_Antoninus-Pius_1a.jpg
Antoninus Pius, Divus * Eagle on Altar, 161 AD. AR Denarius143 views
Commemorative Divus Antoninus Pius * Eagle on Altar, Silver Denarius
Struck by Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus in 161 AD, on the death of Antoninus Pius in memory of the latter and commemoration of his deification by Will of the people &nd the Senate.

Obv: DIVVS ANTONINVS * bare head right.
Rev: CONSECRATIO, eagle standing right, head turned left, on garlanded altar.

Exergue: (Blank)

Mint: Rome
Struck: 161 AD.

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 3.41 grams
Die axis: 180°

Condition: Beautiful, clear, bright luster, great details and high-relief. Nicely centered and well-struck.

Refs:*
Sear, 1301
Cohen, 154
RSC, 155/6.
Van Meter, 136
RIC III, 430 (Marcus Aurelius)
BMCRE, 48 (Marcus Aurelius)
Sear RCV II (2002), 5190, page 335

3 commentsTiathena
coin44.jpg
Arles RIC 351 Roma Commemorative AE3. 41 viewsArles RIC 351 Roma Commemorative AE3.
Urbs Roma VRBS ROMA, head of Roma left,
wearing plumed helmet and imperial cloak /
she-wolf to left suckling Romulus and Remus,
two stars above, SCONST* in ex. Coin #44
cars100
wolftwins090608a.jpg
Arles, Wolf and Twins57 viewsCity Commemorative, under Constantine I

VRBS ROMA
helmeted and cuirassed bust left

She wolf suckling Romulus and Remes, 2 stars above, palm frond between stars

PCONS
Arles

RIC VII Arles 368
1 commentsarizonarobin
faustina_I_As.jpg
As; AETERNITAS S C, RIC 115620 viewsFaustina Sr., Commemorative. Æ As. 10.8g, 25mm. Rev. AETERNITAS S C, Aeternitas seated left holding phoenix on globe and sceptre. RIC 1156 var. (reads DIVA AVG FAVSTINA)Podiceps
augustus_comme.jpg
Augustus Commemorative minted by Tiberius, Countermarked by Vespasian11 viewsAugustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Commemorative minted by Tiberius, Countermarked by Vespasian. Copper as, RIC I Tiberius 81, Pangerl 94, coin Fair, countermark Fine, Rome mint, 8.935g, 28.8mm, 0o, c. 22 - 30 A.D.; obverse DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, radiate head left, capricorn in rectangular countermark right; reverse PROVIDENT S C, altar with double panelled door, ornaments on top. Vespasian used the Capricorn countermark, as had Augustus. It was his birth-sign too. ex FORVMPodiceps
augustus_providntj.jpg
Augustus under Tiberius18 viewsCopper as Commemorative minted by Tiberius 22 - 30 A.D
Obverse: DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, radiate head left
Reverse: PROVIDENT S C, altar with double panelled door, ornaments on top
1 commentsDk0311USMC
AUSTRIA_60th_ann_FJ_corona.jpg
AUSTRIA - Franz Joseph I62 viewsAUSTRIA - Franz Joseph I (1848-1916) AR 1 Corona, 1908. Commemorative of 60th year of reign. KM#2808.dpaul7
urbs.jpg
‘Urbs Roma’ commemorative issue16 views‘Urbs Roma’ commemorative issue, AE3/4 Constantinople (?) AD 330
VRBSROMA; Helmeted bust of Roma l.GLORIA EXERCITVS; In ex: CONS…; Two soldiers, one standard in between. Cf. RIC31; 1.67g; 14.3g; F/VF. ex Gert Boersema

Podiceps
divo_claudio.jpg
BCC LR2928 viewsLate Roman
Claudius II 268-270CE
AE4 Commemorative under Constantine I ca. 317-318 CE
Obv:DIVO CLAVDIO OPT IMP
Laureate, veiled bust right.
Rev:MEMORIAE AETERNAE
Eagle standing to right, head left, in ex RP or RQ?
15mm. 2.06gm. Axis:180
RIC VII 112 Rome Mint
v-drome
Constantinople_Gloria_BCC_LR60.jpg
BCC LR6017 viewsLate Roman
Constantinople Commemorative
Constantine I 336-337?
Obv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS
Helmeted bust of Constantinople, left.
Rev: GLORIA EXERCITVS
Two soldiers standing on either
side of a single standard.
In exergue: SMHA? (Heraclea)
14mm. 1.23gm. Axis:150
Possible reference: RIC VII 157 or RIC VIII 29
v-drome
Roma_wolf_BCC_LR61_antioch.jpg
BCC LR6116 viewsLate Roman
Rome City Commemorative
Constantine I 330-346 CE
Obv: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted bust of ROMA, left.
Rev: She-wolf with twins. Two
stars above. In ex: SMAN(Δ?)
AE17mm. 1.77gm. Axis:330
RIC VII 91 Antioch
v-drome
BCC_LR_62_roma_wolf.jpg
BCC LR6214 viewsLate Roman
Rome Commemorative
Constantine I 330-346 CE
Obv: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted and mantled bust of ROMA, left.
Rev: She-wolf with twins. Two stars above.
In ex: dot SMHΕ
18mm. 2.33gm. Axis:330
RIC VII 119 Heraclea
v-drome
const_21_milvian.jpg
BRIDGE, Commemorative struck under Constantine I370 viewsCommemorative RIC VIII, Constantinopolis 21
Constantine I AD 306 - 337
AE - AE 4
Constantinopolis 4th officina AD 330
obv. POP ROMANVS
draped, laureate head of a young Roman l., cornucopiae over r. shoulder
rev. (no legend)
Bridge with two towers and pylons below, over river
CONS/Epsilon above
RIC VIII, Constaninopolis 21; C.1; LRBC.1066
about VF/EF

Belongs to the special issue for the dedication of Constantinopolis AD 330 under Constantine I. The bridge may be the famous Milvian bridge, where Maxentius was defeated by Constantine I AD 312. For more information look at www.beastcoins.com/Architecture/Bridges/Bridges.htm
2 commentsJochen
776_C__Minucius_Augurinus.jpg
C. Minucius C.f. Augurinus - AR denarius5 viewsRome
²134 BC
¹135 BC
helmeted head of Roma right
ROMA
X
Ionic column surmounted by statue; at base, two stalks of grain; on left, L. Minucius Augurinus standing right,
holding patera, foot on modius; on right, M. Minucius Faesus standing left, holding lituus.
C·A_VG
¹Crawford 242/1, SRCV I 119, Sydenham 463, RSC I Minucia 3,
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
3,7g
ex Aurea Numismatika

Reverse depicts a commemorative bronze column - Columna Minucia which was erected in front of the gate, Porta Trigemina, in memory of L. Minucius Augurinus who as Praefectus Annonae supplied Rome with grain during famine in 439 BC. On the right there is Marcus Minucius Faestus who was elected Augur as the first plebeian in 300 BC.
Johny SYSEL
39-40_AD_Gaius_(Caligula,_37-.jpg
Caligula (Augustus) Coin: Bronze Quadrans 3 viewsC CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG, Pileus between S C - Pileus between S C
PON M TR P III P P COS TERT, around R C C - Inscription around R C C
Exergue:



Mint: Rome (39-40 AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 3.65g / 17mm / 180
Rarity: Scarce
References:
RIC I 45
BMCRE 63
Cohen 6
Provenances:
Bertolami Fine Arts
Acquisition/Sale: Bertolami Fine Arts Internet E-Live Auction 50 #32

There were four different issues of quadrans from Caligula:
PON M TR P III P P COS DES III- 39AD
PON M TR P III P P COS TERT-39-40AD-This Coin
PON M TR P IIII P P COS TERT-40-41AD
PON M TR P IIII P P COS QVART-January 1-24, 41AD

ODERINT, DUM METUANT (LET THEM HATE, SO LONG AS THEY FEAR). — CALIGULA

The purpose of the pileus and the (related or not) meaning of the RCC inscription remain in dispute and have led to differing hypotheses since the late 18th century, with most modern observers echoing the original hypotheses of Eckel from 1796, who thought that the RCC inscription referred to Caligula's remission of the 0.5% sales tax (hence remissa ducentesima), with the pileus a reference to restored liberty deriving from return of elections to the popular comitia from the Senate. Eckel thus thought the obverse and reverse commemorated separate distinct acts of the emperor.

David Woods' interpretation of the Caligula quadrans is that the liberty it celebrates is the liberty of all free Roman citizens, with the pileus as a their symbol. He reasons that it was Caligula's crackdown on those illegally claiming citizenship that is the focus of the coin's commemoration. This proper enforcement of the rules of citizenship would theoretically play well among the greater masses of the population who normally encounter the quadrans in everyday exchange.

As for the meaning of the RCC reverse inscription, Woods posits that it could be Res Civium Conservatae (The interests of the citizens has been preserved), or something closely related to this.

From The Dictionary of Roman Coins:
R CC Remissa Ducentesima. - Initial letters inscribed on the reverse of a third brass coin of Caligula, commemorative of a tax having been abolished by that Emperor. - The treasury of the state having been exhausted by the civil wars, Augustus, to assist in replenishing the public revenues, had established an impost of the hundredth denarius on all sales. But this burden in the year AD 17, Tiberius, yielding to the petitions of the people, had reduced on-half, that is to say to one denarius for 200. At length, in the year A.D. 39, the whole tax was taken off by Caligula as the inscription, on this small brass coin, of Remissa CC. plainly tells; and Suetonius confirms the fact in saying ducentesimun auctionum Italia remisit, although he does not specify the time.

And that this act of liberality was permanent is proved by medals struck in subsequent years of Caligula's reign, on which the memory of this benefit is gratefully renewed by the Senate. - The obverse is in scribed C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG S C (Caius Caesar Augustus, great grandson of the Divine Augustus) and the type is the pileus or cap of liberty, an allusion made to the right of suffrage granted to the people in the year AD 38.

From COINWEEK: Small Change
Perhaps the most enigmatic coin of Caligula’s reign was the smallest regular Roman denomination, the quadrans. It took 64 of these little coppers to equal the value of one silver denarius – a day’s pay for a manual worker. On the obverse, the emperor’s name and titles surround a “liberty cap” – the felt hat worn by freed slaves – bracketed by the letters “SC”. The reverse inscription continues the emperor’s titles, surrounding the large letters “RCC”.

For many years, the consensus of numismatic scholars was that this abbreviation stood for remissa ducentesima, celebrating Caligula’s repeal of an unpopular one-half percent sales tax (“one part in two hundred” – “CC” being the Roman numeral for 200). A brilliant 2010 study by David Woods argues that this interpretation is unlikely, and RCC probably stands for something like res civium conservatae (“the interests of citizens have been preserved”).

The quadrans is probably the most affordable coin of Caligula, with decent examples appearing at auction for under $100.
Gary W2
Caligula_37-41_Quadrans_78_06.jpg
Caligula (Augustus) Coin: Bronze Quadrans4 viewsC CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG SC - Pileus flanked by S C
PON M TR P IIII P P COS QVAT - Legend surrounding RCC large in center of field Exergue:
Mint: Rome (41 AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 2.43g / 18mm / 6h
Rarity: Rare
References:
RIC I (first ed.) 41
BMC 78,80
Paris 126-7
BMCRE I, no. 79
Cohen 8
Acquisition/Sale: hmm shop eBay

he last quadrans minted by Caligula with the mint date January 1-January 24, 41AD.

There were four different issues of quadrans from Caligula:
PON M TR P III P P COS DES III- 39AD
PON M TR P III P P COS TERT-39-40AD
PON M TR P IIII P P COS TERT-40-41AD
PON M TR P IIII P P COS QVAT-January 1-24, 41AD-This Coin

ODERINT, DUM METUANT (LET THEM HATE, SO LONG AS THEY FEAR). — CALIGULA

The purpose of the pileus and the (related or not) meaning of the RCC inscription remain in dispute and have led to differing hypotheses since the late 18th century, with most modern observers echoing the original hypotheses of Eckel from 1796, who thought that the RCC inscription referred to Caligula's remission of the 0.5% sales tax (hence remissa ducentesima), with the pileus a reference to restored liberty deriving from return of elections to the popular comitia from the Senate. Eckel thus thought the obverse and reverse commemorated separate distinct acts of the emperor.

David Woods' interpretation of the Caligula quadrans is that the liberty it celebrates is the liberty of all free Roman citizens, with the pileus as a their symbol. He reasons that it was Caligula's crackdown on those illegally claiming citizenship that is the focus of the coin's commemoration. This proper enforcement of the rules of citizenship would theoretically play well among the greater masses of the population who normally encounter the quadrans in everyday exchange.

As for the meaning of the RCC reverse inscription, Woods posits that it could be Res Civium Conservatae (The interests of the citizens has been preserved), or something closely related to this.

From The Dictionary of Roman Coins:
R CC Remissa Ducentesima. - Initial letters inscribed on the reverse of a third brass coin of Caligula, commemorative of a tax having been abolished by that Emperor. - The treasury of the state having been exhausted by the civil wars, Augustus, to assist in replenishing the public revenues, had established an impost of the hundredth denarius on all sales. But this burden in the year AD 17, Tiberius, yielding to the petitions of the people, had reduced on-half, that is to say to one denarius for 200. At length, in the year A.D. 39, the whole tax was taken off by Caligula as the inscription, on this small brass coin, of Remissa CC. plainly tells; and Suetonius confirms the fact in saying ducentesimun auctionum Italia remisit, although he does not specify the time.

And that this act of liberality was permanent is proved by medals struck in subsequent years of Caligula's reign, on which the memory of this benefit is gratefully renewed by the Senate. - The obverse is in scribed C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG S C (Caius Caesar Augustus, great grandson of the Divine Augustus) and the type is the pileus or cap of liberty, an allusion made to the right of suffrage granted to the people in the year AD 38.

Per Curtis Clay:
Simply overlooked by Sutherland in his second edition, it would appear.

This quadrans with COS QVAT is scarce, struck only between 1 Jan. 41 and Caligula's assassination on 24 Jan., but well known and unquestionably authentic: BMC 79-80 has two, similarly Paris 126-7, quoted by Cohen 8 from Paris, the first ed. of RIC quotes it from Cohen as you say.

Sutherland (Preface, p. X) says he couldn't supply a concordance to the first edition because that edition frequently "subsumed two or more varieties under the same entry." I don't see how that fact excludes a concordance; and in any case drawing up a concordance would have helped by alerting Sutherland to varieties he had overlooked, such as this one!

From CNG:
A coin with significant historical connections.
On January 1, 41 AD, Caligula became consul for
the fourth time. On January 24 of that year, a
group of conspirators, led by the Praetorian
Prefect, Cassius Chaerea, assassinated the emperor
in an underground tunnel on the Palatine.
The editors of the revised edition of RIC I
neglected to include this issue in the corpus.

From COINWEEK: Small Change
Perhaps the most enigmatic coin of Caligula’s reign was the smallest regular Roman denomination, the quadrans. It took 64 of these little coppers to equal the value of one silver denarius – a day’s pay for a manual worker. On the obverse, the emperor’s name and titles surround a “liberty cap” – the felt hat worn by freed slaves – bracketed by the letters “SC”. The reverse inscription continues the emperor’s titles, surrounding the large letters “RCC”.

For many years, the consensus of numismatic scholars was that this abbreviation stood for remissa ducentesima, celebrating Caligula’s repeal of an unpopular one-half percent sales tax (“one part in two hundred” – “CC” being the Roman numeral for 200). A brilliant 2010 study by David Woods argues that this interpretation is unlikely, and RCC probably stands for something like res civium conservatae (“the interests of citizens have been preserved”).

The quadrans is probably the most affordable coin of Caligula, with decent examples appearing at auction for under $100.
Gary W2
imgonline-com-ua-twotoone-B1lgFjNUL7hU2d-Caligula.jpg
Caligula (Augustus) Coin: Bronze Quadrans34 viewsC CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG SC - Pileus flanked by S C
PON M TR P IIII P P COS QVAT - Legend surrounding RCC large in center of field
Exergue:


Mint: Rome (41AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 3.19g / 18mm / 180
Rarity: Rare
References:
BMC 78,80
Paris 126-7
Cohen 8
BMCRE I, no. 79
RIC I (first ed.) 41

The last quadrans minted by Caligula with the mint date January 1-January 24, 41AD.

There were four different issues of quadrans from Caligula:
PON M TR P III P P COS DES III- 39AD
PON M TR P III P P COS TERT-39-40AD
PON M TR P IIII P P COS TERT-40-41AD
PON M TR P IIII P P COS QVAT-January 1-24, 41AD-This Coin

The Gary R. Wilson Collection

ODERINT, DUM METUANT (LET THEM HATE, SO LONG AS THEY FEAR). — CALIGULA

The purpose of the pileus and the (related or not) meaning of the RCC inscription remain in dispute and have led to differing hypotheses since the late 18th century, with most modern observers echoing the original hypotheses of Eckel from 1796, who thought that the RCC inscription referred to Caligula's remission of the 0.5% sales tax (hence remissa ducentesima), with the pileus a reference to restored liberty deriving from return of elections to the popular comitia from the Senate. Eckel thus thought the obverse and reverse commemorated separate distinct acts of the emperor.

David Woods' interpretation of the Caligula quadrans is that the liberty it celebrates is the liberty of all free Roman citizens, with the pileus as a their symbol. He reasons that it was Caligula's crackdown on those illegally claiming citizenship that is the focus of the coin's commemoration. This proper enforcement of the rules of citizenship would theoretically play well among the greater masses of the population who normally encounter the quadrans in everyday exchange.

As for the meaning of the RCC reverse inscription, Woods posits that it could be Res Civium Conservatae (The interests of the citizens has been preserved), or something closely related to this.

From The Dictionary of Roman Coins:
R CC Remissa Ducentesima. - Initial letters inscribed on the reverse of a third brass coin of Caligula, commemorative of a tax having been abolished by that Emperor. - The treasury of the state having been exhausted by the civil wars, Augustus, to assist in replenishing the public revenues, had established an impost of the hundredth denarius on all sales. But this burden in the year AD 17, Tiberius, yielding to the petitions of the people, had reduced on-half, that is to say to one denarius for 200. At length, in the year A.D. 39, the whole tax was taken off by Caligula as the inscription, on this small brass coin, of Remissa CC. plainly tells; and Suetonius confirms the fact in saying ducentesimun auctionum Italia remisit, although he does not specify the time.

And that this act of liberality was permanent is proved by medals struck in subsequent years of Caligula's reign, on which the memory of this benefit is gratefully renewed by the Senate. - The obverse is in scribed C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG S C (Caius Caesar Augustus, great grandson of the Divine Augustus) and the type is the pileus or cap of liberty, an allusion made to the right of suffrage granted to the people in the year AD 38.

Per Curtis Clay:
Simply overlooked by Sutherland in his second edition, it would appear.

This quadrans with COS QVAT is scarce, struck only between 1 Jan. 41 and Caligula's assassination on 24 Jan., but well known and unquestionably authentic: BMC 79-80 has two, similarly Paris 126-7, quoted by Cohen 8 from Paris, the first ed. of RIC quotes it from Cohen as you say.

Sutherland (Preface, p. X) says he couldn't supply a concordance to the first edition because that edition frequently "subsumed two or more varieties under the same entry." I don't see how that fact excludes a concordance; and in any case drawing up a concordance would have helped by alerting Sutherland to varieties he had overlooked, such as this one!

From CNG:
A coin with significant historical connections.
On January 1, 41 AD, Caligula became consul for
the fourth time. On January 24 of that year, a
group of conspirators, led by the Praetorian
Prefect, Cassius Chaerea, assassinated the emperor
in an underground tunnel on the Palatine.
The editors of the revised edition of RIC I
neglected to include this issue in the corpus.

From COINWEEK: Small Change
Perhaps the most enigmatic coin of Caligula’s reign was the smallest regular Roman denomination, the quadrans. It took 64 of these little coppers to equal the value of one silver denarius – a day’s pay for a manual worker. On the obverse, the emperor’s name and titles surround a “liberty cap” – the felt hat worn by freed slaves – bracketed by the letters “SC”. The reverse inscription continues the emperor’s titles, surrounding the large letters “RCC”.

For many years, the consensus of numismatic scholars was that this abbreviation stood for remissa ducentesima, celebrating Caligula’s repeal of an unpopular one-half percent sales tax (“one part in two hundred” – “CC” being the Roman numeral for 200). A brilliant 2010 study by David Woods argues that this interpretation is unlikely, and RCC probably stands for something like res civium conservatae (“the interests of citizens have been preserved”).

The quadrans is probably the most affordable coin of Caligula, with decent examples appearing at auction for under $100.

4 commentsGary W2
imgonline-com-ua-twotoone-B1lgFjNUL7hU2d-Caligula~0.jpg
Caligula (Augustus) Coin: Bronze Quadrans10 viewsC CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG SC - Pileus flanked by S C
PON M TR P IIII P P COS QVAT - Legend surrounding RCC large in center of field
Exergue:


Mint: Rome (41AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 3.19g / 18mm / 180
Rarity: Rare
References:
BMC 78,80
Paris 126-7
Cohen 8
BMCRE I, no. 79
RIC I (first ed.) 41

The last quadrans minted by Caligula with the mint date January 1-January 24, 41AD.

There were four different issues of quadrans from Caligula:
PON M TR P III P P COS DES III- 39AD
PON M TR P III P P COS TERT-39-40AD
PON M TR P IIII P P COS TERT-40-41AD
PON M TR P IIII P P COS QVAT-January 1-24, 41AD-This Coin

The Gary R. Wilson Collection

ODERINT, DUM METUANT (LET THEM HATE, SO LONG AS THEY FEAR). — CALIGULA

The purpose of the pileus and the (related or not) meaning of the RCC inscription remain in dispute and have led to differing hypotheses since the late 18th century, with most modern observers echoing the original hypotheses of Eckel from 1796, who thought that the RCC inscription referred to Caligula's remission of the 0.5% sales tax (hence remissa ducentesima), with the pileus a reference to restored liberty deriving from return of elections to the popular comitia from the Senate. Eckel thus thought the obverse and reverse commemorated separate distinct acts of the emperor.

David Woods' interpretation of the Caligula quadrans is that the liberty it celebrates is the liberty of all free Roman citizens, with the pileus as a their symbol. He reasons that it was Caligula's crackdown on those illegally claiming citizenship that is the focus of the coin's commemoration. This proper enforcement of the rules of citizenship would theoretically play well among the greater masses of the population who normally encounter the quadrans in everyday exchange.

As for the meaning of the RCC reverse inscription, Woods posits that it could be Res Civium Conservatae (The interests of the citizens has been preserved), or something closely related to this.

From The Dictionary of Roman Coins:
R CC Remissa Ducentesima. - Initial letters inscribed on the reverse of a third brass coin of Caligula, commemorative of a tax having been abolished by that Emperor. - The treasury of the state having been exhausted by the civil wars, Augustus, to assist in replenishing the public revenues, had established an impost of the hundredth denarius on all sales. But this burden in the year AD 17, Tiberius, yielding to the petitions of the people, had reduced on-half, that is to say to one denarius for 200. At length, in the year A.D. 39, the whole tax was taken off by Caligula as the inscription, on this small brass coin, of Remissa CC. plainly tells; and Suetonius confirms the fact in saying ducentesimun auctionum Italia remisit, although he does not specify the time.

And that this act of liberality was permanent is proved by medals struck in subsequent years of Caligula's reign, on which the memory of this benefit is gratefully renewed by the Senate. - The obverse is in scribed C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG S C (Caius Caesar Augustus, great grandson of the Divine Augustus) and the type is the pileus or cap of liberty, an allusion made to the right of suffrage granted to the people in the year AD 38.

Per Curtis Clay:
Simply overlooked by Sutherland in his second edition, it would appear.

This quadrans with COS QVAT is scarce, struck only between 1 Jan. 41 and Caligula's assassination on 24 Jan., but well known and unquestionably authentic: BMC 79-80 has two, similarly Paris 126-7, quoted by Cohen 8 from Paris, the first ed. of RIC quotes it from Cohen as you say.

Sutherland (Preface, p. X) says he couldn't supply a concordance to the first edition because that edition frequently "subsumed two or more varieties under the same entry." I don't see how that fact excludes a concordance; and in any case drawing up a concordance would have helped by alerting Sutherland to varieties he had overlooked, such as this one!

From CNG:
A coin with significant historical connections.
On January 1, 41 AD, Caligula became consul for
the fourth time. On January 24 of that year, a
group of conspirators, led by the Praetorian
Prefect, Cassius Chaerea, assassinated the emperor
in an underground tunnel on the Palatine.
The editors of the revised edition of RIC I
neglected to include this issue in the corpus.

From COINWEEK: Small Change
Perhaps the most enigmatic coin of Caligula’s reign was the smallest regular Roman denomination, the quadrans. It took 64 of these little coppers to equal the value of one silver denarius – a day’s pay for a manual worker. On the obverse, the emperor’s name and titles surround a “liberty cap” – the felt hat worn by freed slaves – bracketed by the letters “SC”. The reverse inscription continues the emperor’s titles, surrounding the large letters “RCC”.

For many years, the consensus of numismatic scholars was that this abbreviation stood for remissa ducentesima, celebrating Caligula’s repeal of an unpopular one-half percent sales tax (“one part in two hundred” – “CC” being the Roman numeral for 200). A brilliant 2010 study by David Woods argues that this interpretation is unlikely, and RCC probably stands for something like res civium conservatae (“the interests of citizens have been preserved”).

The quadrans is probably the most affordable coin of Caligula, with decent examples appearing at auction for under $100.

RIC failed to place this issue in the most recent edition. The fact that this issue was only from January 1 to January 24, 41 AD makes this issue rare.
Gary W2
Caligula_37-41_Quadrans_78_06~0.jpg
Caligula (Augustus) Coin: Bronze Quadrans10 viewsC CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG SC - Pileus flanked by S C
PON M TR P IIII P P COS QVAT - Legend surrounding RCC large in center of field
Exergue:


Mint: Rome (41AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 3.19g / 18mm / 180
Rarity: Rare
References:
BMC 78,80
Paris 126-7
Cohen 8
BMCRE I, no. 79
RIC I (first ed.) 41

The last quadrans minted by Caligula with the mint date January 1-January 24, 41AD.

There were four different issues of quadrans from Caligula:
PON M TR P III P P COS DES III- 39AD
PON M TR P III P P COS TERT-39-40AD
PON M TR P IIII P P COS TERT-40-41AD
PON M TR P IIII P P COS QVAT-January 1-24, 41AD-This Coin

The Gary R. Wilson Collection

ODERINT, DUM METUANT (LET THEM HATE, SO LONG AS THEY FEAR). — CALIGULA

The purpose of the pileus and the (related or not) meaning of the RCC inscription remain in dispute and have led to differing hypotheses since the late 18th century, with most modern observers echoing the original hypotheses of Eckel from 1796, who thought that the RCC inscription referred to Caligula's remission of the 0.5% sales tax (hence remissa ducentesima), with the pileus a reference to restored liberty deriving from return of elections to the popular comitia from the Senate. Eckel thus thought the obverse and reverse commemorated separate distinct acts of the emperor.

David Woods' interpretation of the Caligula quadrans is that the liberty it celebrates is the liberty of all free Roman citizens, with the pileus as a their symbol. He reasons that it was Caligula's crackdown on those illegally claiming citizenship that is the focus of the coin's commemoration. This proper enforcement of the rules of citizenship would theoretically play well among the greater masses of the population who normally encounter the quadrans in everyday exchange.

As for the meaning of the RCC reverse inscription, Woods posits that it could be Res Civium Conservatae (The interests of the citizens has been preserved), or something closely related to this.

From The Dictionary of Roman Coins:
R CC Remissa Ducentesima. - Initial letters inscribed on the reverse of a third brass coin of Caligula, commemorative of a tax having been abolished by that Emperor. - The treasury of the state having been exhausted by the civil wars, Augustus, to assist in replenishing the public revenues, had established an impost of the hundredth denarius on all sales. But this burden in the year AD 17, Tiberius, yielding to the petitions of the people, had reduced on-half, that is to say to one denarius for 200. At length, in the year A.D. 39, the whole tax was taken off by Caligula as the inscription, on this small brass coin, of Remissa CC. plainly tells; and Suetonius confirms the fact in saying ducentesimun auctionum Italia remisit, although he does not specify the time.

And that this act of liberality was permanent is proved by medals struck in subsequent years of Caligula's reign, on which the memory of this benefit is gratefully renewed by the Senate. - The obverse is in scribed C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG S C (Caius Caesar Augustus, great grandson of the Divine Augustus) and the type is the pileus or cap of liberty, an allusion made to the right of suffrage granted to the people in the year AD 38.

Per Curtis Clay:
Simply overlooked by Sutherland in his second edition, it would appear.

This quadrans with COS QVAT is scarce, struck only between 1 Jan. 41 and Caligula's assassination on 24 Jan., but well known and unquestionably authentic: BMC 79-80 has two, similarly Paris 126-7, quoted by Cohen 8 from Paris, the first ed. of RIC quotes it from Cohen as you say.

Sutherland (Preface, p. X) says he couldn't supply a concordance to the first edition because that edition frequently "subsumed two or more varieties under the same entry." I don't see how that fact excludes a concordance; and in any case drawing up a concordance would have helped by alerting Sutherland to varieties he had overlooked, such as this one!

From CNG:
A coin with significant historical connections.
On January 1, 41 AD, Caligula became consul for
the fourth time. On January 24 of that year, a
group of conspirators, led by the Praetorian
Prefect, Cassius Chaerea, assassinated the emperor
in an underground tunnel on the Palatine.
The editors of the revised edition of RIC I
neglected to include this issue in the corpus.

From COINWEEK: Small Change
Perhaps the most enigmatic coin of Caligula’s reign was the smallest regular Roman denomination, the quadrans. It took 64 of these little coppers to equal the value of one silver denarius – a day’s pay for a manual worker. On the obverse, the emperor’s name and titles surround a “liberty cap” – the felt hat worn by freed slaves – bracketed by the letters “SC”. The reverse inscription continues the emperor’s titles, surrounding the large letters “RCC”.

For many years, the consensus of numismatic scholars was that this abbreviation stood for remissa ducentesima, celebrating Caligula’s repeal of an unpopular one-half percent sales tax (“one part in two hundred” – “CC” being the Roman numeral for 200). A brilliant 2010 study by David Woods argues that this interpretation is unlikely, and RCC probably stands for something like res civium conservatae (“the interests of citizens have been preserved”).

The quadrans is probably the most affordable coin of Caligula, with decent examples appearing at auction for under $100.

RIC failed to place this issue in the most recent edition. The fact that this issue was only from January 1 to January 24, 41 AD makes this issue rare.
Gary W2
MOD_from_1900-Canada-3.jpg
Canada 4 views1985 National Parks Commemorative

$100 - 1/2 Oz. Gold

Census: NGC certified has so far certified 48 of this coins, 6 lower, 3 at this grade and 39 in higher grades

I wanted this coin because for many years my nick name was Ram which come from my initials (RAM)
Richard M10
Caracalla_AR_Denarius_“Victory”.jpg
Caracalla Denarius "Victory"15 viewsOBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG;
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
REV: VICT PART MAX;
Victory advancing left, holding wreath and
palm branch. (Commemorative coin of the
victories over Parthia in 198 AD.)

A.D. 204
RIC 4-1, 144; Cohen 660.
4.1gm 20mm
1 commentsgoldenancients
abm_caracalla_british_victory_as.jpg
Caracalla, as, RIC IV.1, 457a, AD 210.33 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right.
PONTIF TR P XIII COS III, S C, Victory standing right inscribing shield.
RIC 457a, AD 210.
Commemorative issue to celebrate the Severan dynasty's alleged British victories.
1 commentsAdrianus
MOD_from_1900-_Cayman_Isl_-3.jpg
Cayman Islands, $250, 19883 viewsObverse: Crowned bust of Queen Elizabeth II facing right

Reverse: Royal Arms of Princess Alexandra

Graded: Proof 69 Ultra Cameo

This coin contains 1.127 troy ounces of silver.

Subject to commemorate the royal visit of Princess Alexandra

This coin belongs to that class of world coins many call NCLT (non-circulating legal tender) or coins whose face value is well below bullion value at the time of its minting. In the U.S. we call these modern commemoratives. We tend to look down on such world coins while embracing our own NCLT. Could you imagine a modern U.S. commemorative with a mintage of only 86? Just because this piece is NCLT that does not mean they should be ignored. I am willing to bet that because such pieces trade at near melt a significant number of these 86 coins may have been melted making this specimen even rarer.
Richard M10
urbsroma19.jpg
CITY COMMEMORATIVE37 viewsAE follis. Thessalonica. 330-333 AD. 2.56 grs. Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Roma left. URBS ROMA / She-wolf standing left, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus; two stars above. SMTSE in exergue.
RIC 187.
1 commentsbenito
romasmng.JPG
City Commemorative20 viewsSMNG1 commentsJRoME
Constantinipoli com.JPG
City Commemorative64 viewsAE 17 mm 3.1 grams 337-340 AD
OBV :: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS. laureate, helmeted, wearing imperial mantle, holding reversed spear bust left
REV :: ** no legend ** . Victory standing left with right foot on prow of ship. Scepter in right hand, left hand resting on shield on ground.
EX :: SMALB ( Alexandria )
RIC VII Alexandria 64
from uncleaned lot 10/2007
RIC RATED R1
1 commentsJohnny
VRBS_ROMA_RFQ.JPG
City Commemorative126 viewsCity Commemorative - Rome Mint - AE3 - RIC VII 331v

O: VRBS ROMA, helmeted, plumed bust of Roma left, wearing imperial cloak

R: She-wolf standing left, suckling twins, four-petalled flower on wolf's shoulder, two stars above. RFQ in exergue

2.73g, 17.6mm, 225 degree die axis, 330 AD.

2 commentsBiancasDad
CONST_CITY_COMM.JPG
City Commemorative45 viewsConstantine I - City Commemorative - Nicodemia Mint - Officina 1 - AE3 - RIC VII 196

O: CONSTAN-TINOPOLI, helmeted, laureate head left in imperial mantle, holding reversed spear

R: Anepigraphic, Victory, wings spread, standing left on prow, holding sceptre & resting left hand on shield, SMNA in exergue

2.1g, 18mm, 0 degree die axis, 330-335AD
3 commentsBiancasDad
CITY_COMM_YELLOW.JPG
City Commemorative37 viewsConstantine I - City Commemorative - Rome Mint - Officina 5 - AE3 - RIC VII 332

O: CONSTANTI-NOPOLIS, bust of Constantinopolis left wearing a laureated crested helmet and imperial mantle; sceptre over left shoulder

R: Anipegraphic, Victory standing left on prow, holding transverse scepter in right hand, and resting left hand on shield , RFε in exergue

2.2g, 15.9/17.5mm, 180 degree die axis, 330 AD
BiancasDad
conmemorative~0.jpg
CITY COMMEMORATIVE 28 viewsConstantinople. 330-333 AD. 3,06 grs. Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left. CONSTANTINOPOLIS / Victory standing left, foot on prow with sceptre and leaning on shield. In exergue CONSZ.
RIC VII Constantinople 63.
benito
ConstantinopleComemorative.jpg
City Commemorative12 viewsAE Follis 330 - 333 AD

Obverse: CONSTAN TINOPOLI
Laureate, helmeted and mantled bust left, holding scepter.

Reverse: No legend.
Victory standing front left foot on prow, holding scepter and resting left hand shield.
Pericles J2
conmemorative.jpg
CITY COMMEMORATIVE (Constantinople)36 viewsConstantinople. 330-333 AD. 3,06 grs. Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left. CONSTANTINOPOLIS / Victory standing left, foot on prow with sceptre and leaning on shield.
In exergue CONSZ.
RIC VII Constantinople 63.
1 commentsbenito
IMG_3203~0.jpg
City Commemorative (330-335 A.D.)54 viewsAv.: CONSTANTINOPOLI
Rv.: GLORIA EXERCITVS
Ex.: CONSZ

AE Follis Ø16 / 1.4g
RIC VIII 47 var Constantinople
(var = break in rv. legend: I-A and R-C)
Not listed in RIC !
Juancho
IMG_3655~0.jpg
City Commemorative (330-335 A.D.)50 viewsAv.: CONSTANTINOPOLI
Rv.: Victory on prow
Ex.: SMKA

AE Follis Ø19 / 2.4g
RIC VII 93 Cyzicus
RIC Rarity rating R4!
Juancho
00655.jpg
City Commemorative (RIC 120, Coin #655)9 viewsRIC 120 (R3), AE3, Heraclea, 330 - 333 AD.
OBV: CONSTANTINOPOL; Laureate, helmeted, wearing imperial mantle, holding reversed spear.
REV: (dot SMH gamma); Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right, resting left on grounded shield.
SIZE: 19.4mm 2.62g
MaynardGee
00665.jpg
City Commemorative (RIC 120, Coin #665)13 viewsRIC 120 (R2), AE3, Heraclea, 330 - 333 AD.
OBV: CONSTANTINOPOLI; Laureate, helmeted, wearing imperial mantle, holding reversed spear.
REV: (dot SMH Δ); Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right, resting left on grounded shield.
SIZE: 18.1mm 2.10g
MaynardGee
00123.jpg
City Commemorative (RIC 187, Coin #123)23 viewsRIC 187, AE3, Thessalonica, 330-333 AD.
Obv: VRBS ROMA Helmeted, cuirassed bust of Roma left.
Rev: (SMTS epsilon) Wolf standing left, suckling twins Romulus & Remus, 2 stars above.
Size: 18.5mm 2.40gm
MaynardGee
00041.jpg
City Commemorative (RIC 240, Coin #41)10 viewsRIC 240, AE3, Siscia, 330-333 AD.
Obv: VRBS ROMA Helmeted, cuirassed bust left.
Rev: (•gamma SIS•) She-wolf suckling Romulus and Remus, two stars above.
Size: 19.1mm 2.54gm
MaynardGee
00552.jpg
City Commemorative (RIC 257, Coin #552)17 views
RIC 257, AE3, Lugdunum, 332 AD.
Obv: VRBS ROMA Bust of Roma left wearing visored, plumed & crested
helmet and ornamental mantle.
Rev: Wolf and twins. Dot in cresent PLG in exe.
Size: 17.2mm 2.32gm
MaynardGee
00282.jpg
City Commemorative (RIC 92, Coin #282)12 viewsRIC 92, AE3, Cyzicus, 330-333 AD.
Obv: CONSTANTINOPOLI Laureate & helmeted bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding reversed spear.
Rev: (SMK gamma) Victory standing left on foot of prow with scepter and leaning on shield.
Size: 17.4mm 2.12gm
MaynardGee
Roma_90.jpg
City Commemorative - AE 336 viewsCyzicus
330-333 AD
Roma helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust left
VRBS__ROMA
she-wolf and twins Romulus and Remus, ** above
SMKΔ
RIC 90 (VII, Cyzicus)
1,77 g 19-17 mm
Johny SYSEL
Roma_-_SMTSE.jpg
City Commemorative - AE 317 viewsThessalonica
330-333 AD
helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust of Roma left
VRBS_ROMA
she-wolf and twins Romulus and Remus, ** above
crescent on shoulder
SMTSE
RIC VII Thessalonica 187
2,15g
Johny SYSEL
22_Urbs_Roma_SMHE.jpg
City Commemorative - AE 35 viewsHeraclea
330-333 AD
helmeted, bust of Roma left wearing imperial cloak
VRBS__ROMA
she-wolf and twins Romulus and Remus, ** above
•SMHE
RIC VII Heraclea 119
2,71
Johny SYSEL
308_Urbs_Roma__GSIS_.jpg
City Commemorative - AE 32 viewsSiscia
334-335 AD
Roma helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust left
VRBS__ROMA
she-wolf and twins Romulus and Remus, ** above
·ΓSIS·
RIC VII Siscia 240
2,09g
Johny SYSEL
423_Urbs_Roma_SMK.jpg
City Commemorative - AE 34 viewsCyzicus
330-336 AD
helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial cloak
VRBS_ROMA
she-wolf and twins Romulus and Remus, ** above
?SMK?
RIC 72/91/106/119 (VII, Cyzicus)
2,16g
Johny SYSEL
constantinopolis-.jpg
City Commemorative AE3 AD330-33353 viewsobv: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS (laureate, helmeted & mantled bust left holding scepter)
rev: Victory standing left on foot of prow with scepter and leaning on shield, ASIS in ex.
ref: RIC VIII-Siscia224
2.39g, 18mm
berserker
urbsromaAE3-.jpg
City Commemorative AE3 AD330-33333 viewsobv: VRBS ROMA (helmeted bust of Roma left)
rev: She-wolf suckling Romulus & Remus, 2 stars above, ΓSIS in ex.
ref: RIC VIII-Siscia240
2.07g, 18mm
berserker
urbs_roma45.JPG
City Commemorative AE3. 330-335 AD.8 viewsCity Commemorative AE3. 330-335 AD. VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust of Roma left / she-wolf & twins, 2 stars above with vertical three dots between, SMN Gama in ex. Unpublished Gama
"VD"
Britanikus
URBS_ROMA~1.jpg
City Commemorative AE3. VRBS ROMA Trier RIC VII 529 9 viewsCity Commemorative AE3. VRBS ROMA, bust of Roma left wearing plumed, visored and crested helmet and ornamental mantle.
She-wolf standing left, suckling twins, two stars above; double crescent on wolf's shoulder. Mintmark TRP dot. Sear 16487. Trier
RIC VII 529

3.41grams.
17.41mm.
Britanikus
ricviithes188ORweb.jpg
City Commemorative AE3/4. 330-333 AD29 viewsO: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, crested, laureate helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left in imperial mantle & holding scepter
R: Victory with open wings standing left, right foot on a vessel's prow holding scepter & leaning on shield, SMTS Epsilon in ex.
19mm 2.42g RIC VII Thessalonica 188 (r2)
casata137ec
commemorativewolf.JPG
City Commemorative w/ Wolf17 viewsAD 330-346
SMHB
JRoME
ARI-City_Com-3.jpg
City Commemorative – Constantinopolis – AE174 viewsAD 330 – 331
2.68 grams
Struck under Constantine the Great
Obv.: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate, helmeted & mantled bust left holding scepter
Rev.: Victory standing left on foot of prow with scepter and leaning on shield. Mintmark dot PLG
RIC VII Lyons 246; Sear 16449
Purchased on eBay
NGC MS: Strike 5/5: Surface 4/5
Richard M10
Screenshot_2019-07-30_18_49_01.png
City Commemorative, AE35 viewsLugdunum 322 A.D. 2.53g - 17.2mm, Axis 10h.
Obv: VRBS ROMA - Helmeted, mantled bust of Roma left.
Rev: She-Wolf standing left, suckling twins, two stars above. Mintmark dot-in-crescent PLG.
RIC VII 257.
scarli
ANON-1-ROMAN.jpg
City Commemorative, Arelate RIC VII-36827 viewsAE3/4
Rome mint, 332-333 A.D.
17mm, 1.69g
RIC VII-368

Obverse:
VRBS ROMA
Helmeted, wearing imperial cloak, bust left.

Reverse:
SCONST in exergue
She-wolf left, suckling twins; above, branch between two stars.
Will J
ANON-5-ROMAN.jpg
City Commemorative, Constantinople RIC VII-07817 viewsAE3
Constantinople mint, 333-335 A.D.
2.06g, 18mm
RIC VII-78

Obverse:
VRBS ROMA
Helmeted, wearing imperial cloak, bust left.

Reverse:
CONSIA. in exergue
She-wolf standing left, suckling twins; two stars above.
rubadub
ANON-6-ROMAN~0.jpg
City Commemorative, Constantinople RIC VIII-04620 viewsAE4
Constantinople mint, 337-340 A.D.
16mm, 1.65g
RIC VIII-46

Obverse:
VRBS ROMA
Visored and crested helmet, wearing ornamental mantle, bust left.

Reverse:
GLORIA EXERCITVS
CONSZ
Two helmeted soldiers facing, heads turned towards each other; each holds an inverted spear and rests on shield; between them, a standard.
rubadub
ANON-7-ROMAN~0.jpg
City Commemorative, Cyzicus RIC VII-09217 viewsAE3
Cyzicus mint, 331-334 A.D.
19mm, 2.39g
RIC VII-92

Obverse:
CONSTANTINOPOLI
Laureate helmet, wearing imperial cloak, reversed spear, bust left.

Reverse:
SMKA in exergue
Victory standing left, on prow with spear, shield.
rubadub
ANON-8-ROMAN~0.jpg
City Commemorative, Cyzicus RIC VII-10719 viewsAE3/4
Cyzicus mint, 332-335 A.D.
17mm, 1.93g
RIC VII-107

Obverse:
CONSTANTINOPOLI
Laureate helmet, wearing imperial cloak, reversed spear, bust left.

Reverse:
.SMKS in exergue
Victory standing left, on prow with spear, shield.
rubadub
ANON-8-ROMAN.jpg
City Commemorative, Heraclea RIC VII-13428 viewsAE3
Heraclea mint, 330-333 A.D.
2.52g, 19mm
RIC VII-134

Obverse:
VRBS ROMA
Helmeted, wearing imperial cloak, bust left.

Reverse:
..SMH Ε . in exergue
She-wolf standing left, suckling twins; two stars above.
1 commentsrubadub
cc379.jpg
City Commemorative, RIC 379 var Arles21 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA, helmeted and mantled bust of Roma left.
Reverse: no legend, she wolf standing left, head right, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus. Two stars above with dot in wreath between them.
Mintmark PCONST, Arles mint. 17.65mm., 2.6 g.
RIC VII Arles 379 var; Rivera p. 10. Very rare (R4)
sold 4-2018
NORMAN K
cc187.jpg
City Commemorative, RIC VII 187, Thessalonica14 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA: helmeted bust of Roma wearing imperial cloak, plume on front of helmet.
Reverse: no legend. She wolf standing left suckling the twins Romulus and Remus. O on wolfs shoulder, 2 stars above.
Mintmark SMTS epsilon, 16.1 mm., 2.5 g.
Ref: RIC VII Thessalonica 187
NORMAN K
cc240.jpg
City Commemorative, RIC VII 240 Siscia12 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA: helmeted bust of Roma wearing imperial cloak, plume on front of helmet.
Reverse: no legend. She wolf standing left suckling the twins Romulus and Remus. 2 stars above.
Mintmark rSIS Siscia, 17.9 mm., 2.4 g.
Ref: RIC VII 240
NORMAN K
cc356.jpg
City Commemorative, RIC VII 356 Arelate, 331 CE9 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA: helmeted bust of Roma wearing imperial cloak, plume on front of helmet.
Reverse: no legend. She wolf standing left suckling the twins Romulus and Remus. 2 stars and crescent above.
Mintmark SCONST Arelatum, 14.03 mm., 1.4 g.
Ref: RIC VII 356
NORMAN K
ANON-1-ROMAN~0.jpg
City Commemorative, Rome RIC VII-33818 viewsAE3/4
Rome mint, 330-331 A.D.
17mm, 1.57g
RIC VII-338

Obverse:
VRBS ROMA
Helmeted, wearing imperial cloak, bust left.

Reverse:
RBQ in exergue
She-wolf left, suckling twins; above, two stars.
rubadub
ANON-2-ROMAN~0.jpg
City Commemorative, Thessalonica RIC VII-22916 viewsAE3/4
Thessalonica mint, 336-337 A.D.
17mm, 0.73g
RIC VII-229

Obverse:
VRBS ROMA
Helmeted, wearing imperial cloak, bust left.

Reverse:
SMTSE in exergue
She-wolf left, suckling twins; above, two stars.
rubadub
ANON-3-ROMAN~0.jpg
City Commemorative, Thessalonica RIC VII-23018 viewsAE3/4
Thessalonica mint, 336-337
16mm, 1.45g
RIC VII-230

Obverse:
CONSTANTINOPOLIS
Laureate helmet, wearing imperial cloak, reversed spear, bust left.

Reverse:
SMTSE in exergue
Victory standing left on prow with spear, shield.
rubadub
VRBS_ROMA.jpg
city commemorative, VRBS ROMA, Antioch90 views335-337 AD, Antioch mint

obv: VRBS ROMA, bust of Roma left, helmeted with plume, wearing imperial mantle and ornamental necklace
rev: she-wolf standing left, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus; 2 stars above, flower-like symbol on wolf's shoulder above, SMANΘ in exergue.

RIC VII Antioch 91 var (shoulder mark)

3 commentsareich
FullSizeRender_(2).jpg
City Commemorative. Alexandria 335-337 AD. AE15mm.13 viewsCity Commemorative. Alexandria 335-337 AD.
Obv. VRBS ROMA, crested and helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle
Rev. She-wolf standing left, head reverted, suckling Romulus and Remus, two stars above. Mintmark SMALB "Gamma"
Ref. RIC VIII Alexandria 26.
Lee S
ccnm.jpg
City Commemoratives -RIC 187 Thessalonica18 viewsCommemorating the transfer of power of the seat of the empire from Rome to Constantinople.
Obverse: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, crested helmeted laureate bust left of Constantinople AE3.
Reverse: No legend, Victory with wings open standing left, right foot on a vessels prow, holding scepter and leaning on a shield.
SMTSE in ex. Thessalonica mint. 18.9 mm, 2.2 g.
NORMAN K
constantinopolis.jpg
City Commemoratives, AE follis. Siscia, AD 330-346.6 viewsCONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate, helmeted bust left wearing imperial mantle and holding sceptre / No legend. Victory standing facing, head left, right foot on prow, holding sceptre and resting hand on shield. Mintmark ASIS. RIC VII Siscia 224; Sear 16468. Britanikus
comcon1s.jpg
City Commemoratives, Cyzicus RIC 93.121 viewsConstantinopli AE3 Victory, Constantine I 340 CE
This coin celebrated the Christian Imperial capital, Constantinople, from its founding in 330 CE.
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINOPLE, helmeted and laureate Constantinoplis bust left.
Reverse: Victory standing left on prow of a galley holding a spear and a shield.
SMKA in ex. Cyzicus mint. 18 mm, 2.5 g. Rated rare
NORMAN K
AAHDb_small.png
City of Constantinople Commemorative7 viewsConstantine I ("the Great"). 307 - 337 AD.

Alexandria. 335-337 AD.

17mm., 2.47g

CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS. Bust of Constantinopolis, laureate, helmeted, wearing imperial cloak, left, holding reversed spear in right hand

Victory, winged, draped, standing left on prow, holding spear in right hand and shield in left hand. MintMark: SMAL. OfficinaMark: Γ

References: RIC VII Alexandria 71

AAHD
RL
ConstanCommRIC63_ConstantinopleMint.jpg
City of Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 333 A.D.79 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 63, VF, Constantinople, 2.524g, 18.5mm, 0o, 330 - 333 A.D.; Obverse: CONSTAN-TINOPOLI, Constantinopolis' helmeted bust left in imperial cloak and holding scepter across left shoulder; Reverse: Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right, resting left on grounded shield, CONSZ in exergue; nice style. Ex FORVM.

Constantinople Commemoratives minted by the actual city of Constantinople mint are much scarcer than those minted by other Eastern mints.

The village that was to become the site of Byzantium/Constantinople/Istambul was founded c. 658 B. C. by a Greek colony from Megara; the site was then occupied by the Thracian village of Lygos. The chief of the Megarian expedition was Byzas, after whom the city was naturally called Byzantion (Lat. Byzantium). Despite its perfect situation, the colony did not prosper at first; it suffered much during the Medic wars, chiefly from the satraps of Darius and Xerxes. Later on, its control was disputed by Lacedæmonians and Athenians; for two years (341-339 B. C.) it held out against Philip of Macedon. It succeeded in maintaining its independence even against victorious Rome, was granted the title and rights of an allied city, and its ambassadors were accorded at Rome the same honours as those given to allied kings; it enjoyed, moreover, all transit duties on the Bosporus. Cicero defended it in the Roman Senate, and put an end to the exactions of Piso.

The city continued prosperous to the reign of Septimius Severus, when it sided with his rival, Pescennius Niger. After a siege of three years (193-196) Severus razed to the ground its walls and public monuments, and made it subject to Perinthus or Heraclea in Thrace. But he soon forgave this resistance, restored its former privileges, built there the baths of Zeuxippus, and began the hippodrome. It was devastated again by the soldiers of Gallienus in 262, but was rebuilt almost at once. In the long war between Constantine and Licinius (314-323) it embraced the fortunes of the latter, but, after his defeat at Chrysopolis (Scutari), submitted to the victor.

Constantine had chosen this city as the new capital of the Roman Empire, but owing to his wars and the needs of the State, he rarely resided there.

(The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume IV; Copyright © 1908 by Robert Appleton Company;Online Edition Copyright © 2003 by K. Knight).

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
13661q00.jpg
City of Constantinople Commemorative, 334 -335 A.D.45 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 92, VF, 2.60g, 17.8mm, 0o, Cyzicus mint, 331 - 334 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINOPOLI, Constantinopolis' helmeted bust left in imperial cloak and holding scepter across left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, foot on prow, holding spear and shield, SMKA in ex; cwonsidler
Constantinopolis2.jpg
City of Constantinople Commemorative, 335 A.D.14 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 230, gF, Thessalonica, 2.239g, 18.4mm, 180o, 335 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS, helmeted, laureate and mantled bust left holding scepter across shoulder; reverse Victory standing left on ship, holding scepter and resting hand on shield, SMTSD in ex

Constantine the Great and his sons issued small bronze coins commemorating the old capitol, Rome, and the new capitol, Constantinople, to symbolize the equality of the two cities and the new importance of Constantinople to the empire.
b70
a04~0.jpg
City of Constantinopolis Commemorative 42 views330-333 A.D.
Anonymous Issue during the reign of Constantine I
AE3, Laureate, helmeted bust of Constantinople left in imperial mantle,
scepter over left shoulder
2.71 gm, 18.5 mm
CONSTAN-TINOPOLI
Reverse no legend: Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter
in right hand, left hand on shield
dot in left field
●SMHΔ● in exergue
RIC VII Heraclea 135 (R3)
Heraclea mint
Jaimelai
TC-06-02.jpg
City of Constantinopolis Commemorative16 viewsAE3, A.D. 332, Lugdunum, 18.0mm, 2.39g, 0°, RIC VII, 256.
Obv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS. Helmeted, cuirassed bust left, scepter over shoulder.
Rev: Victory standing left on prow, spear in right, resting left hand on shield; dot in crescent, PLG in ex.
Marti Vltori
14106p00.jpg
City of Constantinopolis Commemorative, 330-346 A.D. (Cyzikus)48 viewsConstantinopolis City Commemorative, issued by CONSTANTINE THE GREAT AND HIS SONS, of the period AD 330-346, commemorating the transfer of the Seat of the Empire from Rome to Constantinople, AE3/4, aVF, Cyzikus. Obverse: CONSTAN-TINOPOLI, Constantinopolis wearing imperial mantle, holding inverted spear, laureate helmet, bust L.; Reverse: No legend; Victory stg. L., right foot on prow, holding scepter and leaning on shield; star?pellet?SMK pellet? in exergue.

The village that was to become the site of Byzantium/Constantinople/Istambul was founded c. 658 B. C. by a Greek colony from Megara; the site was then occupied by the Thracian village of Lygos. The chief of the Megarian expedition was Byzas, after whom the city was naturally called Byzantion (Lat. Byzantium). Despite its perfect situation, the colony did not prosper at first; it suffered much during the Medic wars, chiefly from the satraps of Darius and Xerxes. Later on, its control was disputed by Lacedæmonians and Athenians; for two years (341-339 B. C.) it held out against Philip of Macedon. It succeeded in maintaining its independence even against victorious Rome, was granted the title and rights of an allied city, and its ambassadors were accorded at Rome the same honours as those given to allied kings; it enjoyed, moreover, all transit duties on the Bosporus. Cicero defended it in the Roman Senate, and put an end to the exactions of Piso.

The city continued prosperous to the reign of Septimius Severus, when it sided with his rival, Pescennius Niger. After a siege of three years (193-196) Severus razed to the ground its walls and public monuments, and made it subject to Perinthus or Heraclea in Thrace. But he soon forgave this resistance, restored its former privileges, built there the baths of Zeuxippus, and began the hippodrome. It was devastated again by the soldiers of Gallienus in 262, but was rebuilt almost at once. In the long war between Constantine and Licinius (314-323) it embraced the fortunes of the latter, but, after his defeat at Chrysopolis (Scutari), submitted to the victor.

Constantine had chosen this city as the new capital of the Roman Empire, but owing to his wars and the needs of the State, he rarely resided there.

(The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume IV; Copyright © 1908 by Robert Appleton Company;Online Edition Copyright © 2003 by K. Knight).

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
rome.jpg
City of Rome Commemorative37 views330-333 A.D.
AE 3, helmeted bust of Roma left with plume, wearing imperial mantle
3.18 g, 18.0 mm
VRBS ROMA
Reverse with Romulus and Remus suckling from she-wolf, two stars above
SMKA in ex.
RIC VII 91Cyzicus mint
Jaimelai
Capture_00099.JPG
City of Rome Commemorative36 views330-335 A.D.
AE 3, helmeted bust of Roma left with plume, wearing imperial mantle
2.81 gm, 17 mm
VRBS ROMA
Reverse with Romulus and Remus suckling from she-wolf, two stars above
SMANΘ in exe.
RIC VII 91/113 Antioch mint
330-335 A.D.
Jaimelai
TC-06-1.jpg
City of Rome Commemorative28 viewsAE Follis AE3, A.D. 330-333, Heraclea, 18.2mm, 2.10g, 180°, RIC VII 124; scarce.
Obv: VRBS ROMA. Helmeted bust of Roma left.
Rev: Romulus and Remus suckling from she-wolf, two stars above; SMHE● in ex.
Joseph D5
vrbs_trsdot_k.jpg
City of Rome Commemorative8 viewsÆ reduced centenionalis, 16mm, 2.5g, 12h; Trier mint, AD 330-331
Obv.: VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle.
Rev.: She-wolf standing left, head turned back right, suckling the infant twins Romulus and Remus, two stars above // TRS•
Reference: RIC VII Trier 529, p. 215
From the YOC Collection / 16-422-45
John Anthony
AAAJb_small.png
City of Rome Commemorative6 viewsConstantine I ("the Great"). 307 - 337 AD.

Alexandria.

18mm., 2.67g

VRBS ROMA, crested and helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle

She-wolf standing left, suckling the twins (Romulus and Remus), two stars above. SMALΓ in exergue.

References:

AAAJ
RL
City_of_Rome_Commemorative_AE18_Treveri_330-331_AD.jpg
City of Rome Commemorative AE18 Treveri 330-331 AD31 viewsBillon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 529, LRBC I 58, SRCV IV 16487, Cohen VII 17, Hunter V -, gVF, well centered, ragged flan, a few light scratches, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 2.249 grams, 17.5 mm, die axis 0o, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle; reverse she-wolf standing left, head turned back right, suckling the infant twins Romulus and Remus, two stars above, TRS⚫ in exergue.

FORVM Ancient Coins. / From The Sam Mansourati Collection.


On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the `old` Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
Sam
City of Rome Commemorative, 330-346 AD.jpg
City of Rome Commemorative,330-346A.D.25 viewsCity of Rome Commemorative, 330 - 346 A.D.
Constantine the Great and his sons issued small bronze coins commemorating the old capitol, Rome, and the new capitol, Constantinople, to symbolize the equality of the two cities and the new importance of Constantinople to the empire.
Bronze AE 3, RIC 91, VF, Cyzicus mint, 2.935g, 18.2mm, 0o, 331 - 334 A.D.; obverse VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle; reverse Romulus and Remus suckling from wolf, two stars above, SMKG in exergue;
Dumanyu2
City_of_Rome_Commemorative.png
City of Rome Commemorative. 330 - 333 A.D.22 viewsBillon reduced centenionalis (2.58 Gr)
VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle /She-wolf standing left, head turned back right, suckling the infant twins Romulus and Remus ,two stars above. SMTSE (Epsilon) in exergue.
Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint /330 - 333 A.D.
Ch VF.
1 commentsSam
Claudius_Gothicus_(commemorative_struck_under_Constantine)_half-follis_(AE).png
Claudius Gothicus (commemorative struck under Constantine, reigned 268-270) half-follis (AE)13 viewsObv.: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP (Veiled and laureate head of emperor) Rev.: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM (Emperor seated on curule chair, one arm raised, holding sceptre in other) Diameter: 15,92 mm Weight: 0,96 g Exergue: SIS RIC VII 43

The fact that Claudius Gothicus is commemorated on Constantinian coinage is rather interesting. According to the Historia Augusta, Claudius was the maternal great-uncle of Constantius Chlorus. This linked the Constantinian line with a well-loved emperor and may even be a case of genealogical fabrication.
Nick.vdw
claudius2.jpg
Claudius the 2nd contemporary imitation.11 viewsPosthumous death commemorative,eagle antoninianus.tiberiusjulius
00700-Commemorative-She-Wolf.JPG
Commemorative34 viewsCommemorative
18 mm 2.28 gm
O: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted and draped bust of Roma left
She-wolf standing left, suckiling twins; above two stars, trs.
Koffy
00701-Commemorative-Victory.JPG
Commemorative30 viewsCommemorative
18 mm 2.12 gm
O: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS
Constantinopolis' helmeted bust left in imperial cloak and holding scepter across left shoulder;
R:Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right, resting left on grounded shield, BSIS in exergue;
2 commentsKoffy
urbs_roma.jpg
Commemorative 23 viewsObv. VRBS ROMA helmeted bust of Roma left in imperial mantle
Rev. She-wolf standing left suckling Romulus & Remus, 2 stars above
1 commentsSkyler
00701-Commemorative-Shield.JPG
Commemorative10 viewsCommemorative
14 mm 1.22 gm
O: Helmeted and draped bust of Roma right
R: Emperor standing left, wearing military attire, holding spear and shield; P R across field
Koffy
vespa_eagle.jpg
Commemorative As, eagle, RIC II 49738 viewsVespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D. Commemorative Issued by Titus, Copper as, RIC II 497, Rome mint, 9.804g, 27.5mm, 180o, obverse IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS III, laureate head right; reverse S C, eagle standing facing on globe, head right, wings spread, S C at sides; ex. FORVM

2 commentsPodiceps
Constantinopolis_RIC_188.JPG
Commemorative Issue, 330 - 346 AD (Constantinople)70 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate, helmeted bust of Constantinopolis facing left, wearing an imperial cloak and holding a reversed spear.

Rev: No legend, Victory standing left, on the prow of a galley, holding a spear and a shield; SMTSЄ in exergue.

Billon Centenionalis, Thessalonica mint, 5th Officina, 336 - 337 AD

2.9 grams, 18 mm, 0°

RIC VII Thessalonica 188, S16470, VM 1
SPQR Coins
Constantinopolis_RIC_144.JPG
Commemorative Issue, 330 - 346 AD (Constantinople)32 viewsObv: CONSTANTINPOLI, laureate, helmeted bust of Constantinople facing left, wearing an imperial cloak and holding a reversed spear.

Rev: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers helmeted, standing facing one another, holding reversed spears in outer hands, inner hands on shields resting on the ground, between them is one standard; CONSZ in exergue.

Copper reduced Follis, Constantinople mint, 336 - 337 AD

1.3 grams, 14.7 mm, 180°

RIC VII Constantinople 144
SPQR Coins
Constantinopolis_RIC_333.JPG
Commemorative Issue, 330 - 346 AD (Constantinople)32 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate, helmeted bust of Constantinopolis facing left, wearing an imperial cloak and holding a reversed spear.

Rev: No legend, Victory standing left, on the prow of a galley, holding a spear and a shield; RFЄ in exergue.

Billon Reduced Centenionalis, Rome mint, 5th Officina, 330 AD

2.7 grams, 16.8 mm, 180°

RIC VII Rome 333, S16463, VM 1
1 commentsSPQR Matt
Roma_RIC_561.JPG
Commemorative Issue, 330 - 346 AD (Roma)26 viewsObv: VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust of Roma, wearing imperial mantle, facing left.

Rev: No legend, She-wolf standing left, suckling Romulus and Remus, palm branch between two stars in upper field; TRS in exergue.

Billon Reduced Centenionalis, Trier mint, 2nd Officina, 333 - 334 AD

2.1 grams, 17 mm, 0°

RIC VII Trier 561, S16489, VM 2
SPQR Coins
Roma_RIC_114.JPG
Commemorative Issue, 330 - 346 AD (Roma)23 viewsObv: VRBS ROMA, helmeted head of Roma, wearing imperial mantle, facing left.

Rev: No legend, She-wolf standing left, suckling Romulus and Remus, two stars above.

Billon Reduced Centenionalis, Heraclea mint (5th Officina), 330 - 333 AD

2 grams, 17.8 mm, 315°

RIC VII Heraclea 114, S16517, VM 2
SPQR Coins
Urbs_Roma_Thessalonika_187.jpg
Commemorative RIC VII, Thessalonica 187117 viewsConstantine I AD 307 - 337
AE - Follis, 2.6g, 18mm
Thessalonica, 5th officina AD 330-333
obv. VRBS - ROMA
bust of Roma, with Attic helmet, cuirassed, l.
rev. (without legend)
She-wolf standing l., head backwards, the twins Remus and Romulus suckling, below.
On her shoulder Theta(?), two stars above.
in ex: SMTS Epsilon
RIC VII, Thessalonica 187
about EF
2 commentsJochen
const_21.jpg
Commemorative RIC VIII, Constantinopolis 2188 viewsConstantine I AD 307 - 337
AE - AE 4, 1.16g, 13.7mm
Constantinopolis 4th officina AD 330
obv. POP ROMANVS
draped, laureate head of a young Roman l., cornucopiae over r. shoulder
rev. (no legend)
Bridge with two towers over river, pylons below
CONS/Epsilon above
RIC VIII, Constaninopolis 21; C.1; LRBC.1066
about VF/EF

Belongs to the special issue for the dedication of Constantinopolis AD 330 under Constantine I. Sometimes the bridge is called the Milvian bridge. But really its meaning is unknown!
1 commentsJochen
lrb_copy.jpg
Commemorative Series29 viewsCommemorative Series. AD 330-354. Æ Follis 16mm. Arelate (Arles) mint, 2nd officina. Struck under Constantine I, AD 330. VRBS ROMA, helmeted and mantled bust of Roma left / She-wolf suckling the twins Romulus and Remus; two stars above; SCONST(star). RIC VII 351; LRBC 355. (?)1 commentsMolinari
Treveri_(Trier)_mint.jpg
Commemorative Series65 viewsCommemorative Series. AD 330-354. Æ Follis (17mm, 2.61 g, 6h).
Treveri (Trier) mint, 2nd officina. Struck under Constantine I, AD 332-333. Helmeted and mantled bust of Roma left / She-wolf standing left, head right, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus; two stars above; TR•S. RIC VII 542; LRBC 65. EF, gray-brown patina.

From the collection of the MoneyMuseum, Zurich. Ex Münz Zentrum Köln 104 (6 September 2000), lot 613.
1 commentsLeo
035.JPG
Commemoratives - Urbs Roma117 viewsCentenionalis (AE3) 331-334
O/ URBS - ROMA Roma helmeted, draped and cuirassed left
R/ Unepigraphic Wolf standing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; two stars above
Ex/ SMKS
C 17 - RIC 90d
Mint: Cyzicus (2nd off.)
1 commentsseptimus
Roma.jpg
Constantine55 viewsRoma AE Commemorative

VRBS ROMA
Bust of Roma left, wearing helmet with plume, and imperial mantle

She-wold standing left, suckling twins Romulus and Remus, two stars above;
CONSe. in exergue.

2.38g

Arles mint; 2nd officina, 330-333 AD

RIC VII 62

Ex-Calgary Coin

Better in Hand
1 commentsJay GT4
f_111.JPG
Constantine AE3/4 commemorative.39 viewsConstantine AE3/4 commemorative. DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, veiled head right / VN MR to either side of Constantine, standing right, togate & veiled. Sear 3888
http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/sear/s3888.html
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
constantine.JPG
Constantine Death Commemorative55 viewsJust a common little coin with nice detail
RIC VIII Const 37
2 commentsGhengis_Jon
CollageMaker_20180706_135733652.jpg
Constantine I12 viewsAE3, Constantinople Commemorative, 337-347 AD
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS, bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing laureate and crested helmet, necklace and ornamental mantle over left shoulder, holding scepter.
Reverse: Victory standing left, foot on prow, holding transverse sceptre and resting left hand on shield with central boss, Star (or dot?) in top right field.
Exergue: SMANI.
Reference: RIC VIII Antioch 38
Justin L
CollageMaker_20180706_135503071.jpg
Constantine I14 viewsAE3, Rome Commemorative, 335-337 AD
Obverse: VRBS ROMA, helmeted head of Roma left, wearing imperial mantle and ornamental necklace.
Reverse: She-wolf suckling Romulus and Remus, two stars above.
Exergue: SMANΘ
Reference: RIC VII Antioch 91/113
Justin L
Constantine_commem_4.jpg
Constantine I the Great82 viewsAncient Constantinopolis Commemorative
AE3
330-346 AD

2 commentsmihali84
index~0.png
CONSTANTINE I THE GREAT (307-337). Commemorative series. Follis. Kyzikos.13 viewsObv: VRBS ROMA. Helmeted and mantled bust left.
Rev: SMKS. Lupa Romana standing left, suckling twins Romulus and Remus; above, two stars.
References: RIC 90. R2
16mm and 2.47 grams.
Canaan
Constantinopolis.jpg
Constantine I the Great Constantinopolis commemorative107 viewsConstantine I the Great Constantinopolis commemorative

3 commentsmihali84
Constantine_commem.jpg
Constantine I the Great posthumous commemorative151 views4 commentsmihali84
Constantine_Robed.jpg
Constantine I the Great posthumous commemorative83 viewsConstantine I the Great
Posthumous commemorative
c. 347-348
Obv: DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, Veiled bust right.
Rev: Veiled and togate emperor standing right, VN MR across fields. Exergue: SMANE

mihali84
Posthumous.jpg
Constantine I the Great Posthumous Commemorative 50 views AE4
Mint: Cyzicus;DATE: 347-348 AD
Obv: DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG, Veiled bust right.
Rev: Veiled emperor standing right, VN / MR across field.
Exergue: SMKB
Size:17X15mm; ? gms
Ref: RIC VIII 46
9 commentsbrian l
Constantine_commemorative.jpg
Constantine I the Great Posthumous commemorative 267 viewsConstantine I the Great Posthumous commemorative coin
Beautiful rainbow iridescent toning
Great detail and patina
3 commentsmihali84
Urbs_Roma_wolf.jpg
Constantine Roma224 viewsRoma AE Commemorative
VRBS ROMA
bust of Roma left, wearing helmet with plume, and imperial mantle

She-wold standing left, suckling twins Romulus and Remus, mintmark gamma SIS in ex.
RIC VII Siscia 222.
Siscia mint
330-333 AD
3 commentsJay GT4
Constantine_commemorative.JPG
Constantine the Great 58 viewsConstantine the Great, Deified, Antioch Mint, AD 347
AE Commemorative
6 commentsJon the Lecturer
CONST_I_CITY_COMMEMORATIVE.JPG
Constantine the Great27 viewsConstantine I - City Commemorative - AE Follis - Lyons Mint - RIC VII 256

O: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate, helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, in imperial mantle, holding reversed spear

R: Victory standing facing, head left, foot on prow, wings spread, holding sceptre, resting left hand on shield, dot-in-crescent PLG in exergue

2.1g, 16.8/18.5mm, 0 degree die axis
BiancasDad
coin613.jpg
Constantine the Great AE3/4 commemorative. 54 viewsConstantine the Great AE3/4 commemorative.
DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, veiled head
right / VN MR to either side of Constantine,
standing right, togate & veiled. Coin #613
1 commentscars100
Capture~0.PNG
Constantine the great, Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 335 A.D.32 viewsObv. CONSTANTINOPOLIS, helmeted, laureate and mantled bust left holding scepter across shoulder.
Rev. Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, SMANI in exergue.
References: RIC VII Antioch 114.
15mm and 1.69grams.
2 commentsCanaan
Constantine I- City of Constantinopolis Commemorative Victory.jpg
Constantine The Great- City of Constantinopolis Commemorative Victory130 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
CONSTAN-TINOPOLI, Constantinopolis' helmeted bust left in imperial cloak and holding scepter across left shoulder

City of Constantinople Commemorative, 334 -335 A.D.

Reverse:
Victory standing left, foot on prow or ship, holding spear and shield. The Constantinopolis coin depicts the foot of Victory on a prow, which is the bow of a ship.

Domination: Silver, Size: 18 mm. Rare to see so much silvering on a Constantinopolis, but it always seems to be Alexandria that it survives on.

Mint: exergue is SMALB (Sacra Moneta ALexandria officina B second officina), which is Alexandria. RIC VII Alexandria 64 r1 A.D. 333-335.

Coin rated: Very Fine
4 commentsJohn Schou
Constantine The Great- City of Rome Commemorative.jpg
Constantine The Great- City of Rome Commemorative61 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
City of Rome Commemorative, 330 - 338 A.D.

Helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial ornamental mantle, visored and crested helmet.

VRBS ROMA, The City of Rome

VRBS: City
ROMA: Rome

Comment:
Much less common than the wolf and twins reverse type.

Reverse:
GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, The glory of the army

GLOR-IA : Glory
EXERC-ITVS: Army

Two soldiers standing facing one another, each holding spear and resting hand on shield on ground, standard in center.


Domination: Bronze AE4, size 15-16 mm

Mint: the last letter its a Δ (Delta, fourth Officina) , if thats so.. RIC VIII Heraclea 28, rated S. 330-333 or 335.

Comments:
There are three possible mints for this coin. It all depends on the third letter.
SMH( ) - Heraclea
SMN( ) - Nicomedia
SMK( ) - Cyzicus

Heraclea had 5 officinae working at this time. Nicomedia had 4 and Cyzicus had 6.
John Schou
Constantine the Great- CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS.jpg
Constantine the Great- CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS72 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS, helmeted, laureate and mantled bust left holding scepter across shoulder
City of Constantinople Commemorative, 335 A.D.


Reverse:
Victory standing left on ship, holding scepter and resting hand on shield

Domination: Bronze AE 3, 17 mm

Mint: exergue is TRP Trier.
Comment:
I'm not so sure on this one, but assuming that the reverse fields are emypty (which they seem to be), I see these three possibilities

Mintmark
TRP Trier RIC VII Trier 523, r3
TRP dot Trier RIC VII Trier 530, c3
TRP* Trier RIC VII Trier 548, c3

Coin rated: Very Fine
2 commentsJohn Schou
Constantine_1_Constantinopolis.JPG
Constantine The Great- Constantinopolis Commemorative44 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS, helmeted, laureate and mantled bust left holding scepter across shoulder
City of Constantinople Commemorative, 335 A.D.
Comment: The obverse legend might be without the, so it is CONSTAN – TINOPOLI.


Reverse:
Victory standing left on ship, holding scepter and resting hand on shield

Domination: Bronze AE 3, 17 mm

Mint: SMHΔ, Heraclea Δ= 4 Officina
John Schou
Constantine_the_Great-_CONSTANTINOPOLIS_Commemorative_3.JPG
Constantine the Great- CONSTANTINOPOLIS Commemorative43 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
CONSTANTINOPOLI, Constantinopolis' helmeted bust left in imperial cloak and holding scepter across left shoulder

Reverse:
Victory standing left on ship, holding scepter and resting hand on shield

Domination: Bronze AE 3, 17 mm

Mint: CONS. Z . ( = Zeta 6.th Officina), Costantinopolis RIC VII Constantinople 86. R4
John S
Constantine The Great- Posthumous 3.jpg
Constantine The Great- Posthumous commemorative Aequitas159 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
Constantine with veiled bust right

DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG

DV: Divus, Divine (acclaimed a deity), Divus was applied to consecrated deceased rulers.
CONSTANTI-NVS: Constantine
PT: Pather, farther (is used with AVGG)
AVGG: Augustus, more than one emperor

Reverse:

IVST VENER MEMOR

IVST: IVSTITA, The personification of justice.
VENER: Venerabilis (revered memory)
MEMOR: MEMORIA, memory

IVST (JUST) means just in the sense of fair, so the legend means "justly venerated memory".

VENER MEMOR/ VNMR (revered memory) was used on the consecration coins of Constantine the Great.

Aequitas standing left holding scales and a scepter. She's also winged on this coin.

Domination: Bronze, AE 4, Size 14 mm. Posthumous commemorative for Constantine the Great

Mint: SMALΓ, Alexandria, Oficina=Γ Gamma (3rd Oficina). The choices for this time period at Alexandria are - A /α (Alpha, first), B /β (Beta, second), (Gamma/Γ, third) and (Delta /Δ,forth).

The coin is dedicated to Constantine The Great by one of his sons from 341 to 347AD

The attribution is RIC VIII Alexandria 28, minted in 345-347. RIC rates the coin as merely "scarce", but perhaps that's rather an understatement!
John Schou
Constantine The Great- Posthumous.jpg
Constantine The Great- Posthumous commemorative Aequitas84 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
Constantine with veiled bust right

DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG

DV: Divus, Divine (acclaimed a deity), Divus was applied to consecrated deceased rulers.
CONSTANTI-NVS: Constantine
PT: Pather, farther (is used with AVGG)
AVGG: Augustus, more than one emperor

Reverse:

IVST VENER MEMOR

IVST: IVSTITA, The personification of justice.
VENER: Venerabilis (revered memory)
MEMOR: MEMORIA, memory

IVST (JUST) means just in the sense of fair, so the legend means "justly venerated memory".

VENER MEMOR/ VNMR (revered memory) was used on the consecration coins of Constantine the Great.

Aequitas standing left holding scales and a scepter. She's also winged on this coin.

Domination: Bronze, AE 4, Size 14 mm. Posthumous commemorative for Constantine the Great

Mint: SMALΓ, Alexandria, Oficina=Γ Gamma (3rd Oficina). The choices for this time period at Alexandria are - A /α (Alpha, first), B /β (Beta, second), (Gamma/Γ, third) and (Delta /Δ,forth).

The coin is dedicated to Constantine The Great by one of his sons from 341 to 347AD

The attribution is RIC VIII Alexandria 28, minted in 345-347. RIC rates the coin as merely "scarce", but perhaps that's rather an understatement!
John Schou
Constantine The Great- Posthumous Quadriga.jpg
Constantine The Great- Posthumous commemorative Quadriga78 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
Constantine I with veiled bust right

DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG

DV: Divus, Divine (acclaimed a deity), Divus was applied to consecrated deceased rulers.
CONSTANTI-NVS: Constantine
PT: Pather, farther (is used with AVGG)
AVGG: Augustus, more than one emperor


Reverse:

Constantine The Great, veiled, in quadriga right, star above, the hand of God reaches down to him.

Domination: Bronze AE 4, size 15-16 mm

Mint: SMAN= Antioch, S (S= Secunda Oficina). Minted 337-340 AD. RIC VIII, 37, Rated C3.
Posthumous commemorative for Constantine the Great

Comment:
It might not be an S on exergue, but a ς (stigma), 6th officina.
East provinces, like Antiochia, used greek numerals.
John Schou
Constantine I- Posthumous Quadriga 1.jpg
Constantine The Great- Posthumous Commemorative Quadriga77 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
Constantine The Great with veiled bust right

DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG

DV: Divus, Divine (acclaimed a deity), Divus was applied to consecrated deceased rulers.
CONSTANTI-NVS: Constantine
PT: Pather, farther (is used with AVGG)
AVGG: Augustus, more than one emperor

Reverse:

Constantine The Great, veiled, in quadriga right, star above, the hand of God reaches down to him.

Domination: Bronze AE 4, size 15 mm

Mint: SMH= Heraclea, Officina??, RIC VIII Heraclea 13

Posthumous commemorative for Constantine the Great
John Schou
Constantine I- Posthumous VNMR.jpg
Constantine The Great- Posthumous Commemorative VNMR67 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
ConstantineThe Great with veiled bust right

DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG

DV: Divus, Divine (acclaimed a deity), Divus was applied to consecrated deceased rulers.
CONSTANTI-NVS: Constantine
PT: Pather, farther (is used with AVGG)
AVGG: Augustus, more than one emperor

Reverse:

VN MR (VENER MEMOR) across the reverse side of the coin.

VENER MEMOR

VENER: Venerabilis (revered memory)
MEMOR: MEMORIA, memory

VENER MEMOR/ VNMR (revered memory) was used on the consecration coins of Constantine the Great.

Constantine The Great, veiled and right, raising hand.

Domination: Bronze AE 4, size 13 mm

Mint: SMHΓ = Heraclea Γ= Gamma (Third Officina). Struck 347-348, RIC VIII

Posthumous commemorative for Constantine the Great
John Schou
Constantine The Great Romulus and Remus.jpg
Constantine The Great- Romulus and Remus77 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
Helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle
VRBS ROMA: VRBS City, ROMA Rome, City of Rome
City of Rome Commemorative, 334 - 335 A.D.


Reverse:
Romulus and Remus suckling from wolf, two stars above

Domination: Bronze AE 3, 17 mm

Mint: exergue is • Γ SIS• Sisicia 3.rd Officina (Γ Gamma). RIC VII Siscia 222, C3, very common.

Coin rated: Very Fine
1 commentsJohn Schou
ConCom.jpg
Constantinian Commemorative, 18mm at widest, 180 degree die axis, Trier mint22 viewsObverse: CONSTANTINOPOLIS; Helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, sceptre over left shoulder
Reverse: Victory with sceptre holding shield set on ground and foot on prow, TR•P in exergue
EvaJupiterSkies
Constantinople_Comm___Victory_Lyons.JPG
Constantinople Comm Victory Lyons20 viewsLyons mint, RIC 256, 330 - 331, 1.6g, 16 x 18mm oblong flan
City commemorative AE Follis. CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate, helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, in imperial mantle, holding
spear / Victory standing facing, head left, foot on prow, wings spread, holding scepter, resting left hand on shield, (dot in crescent) PLG in ex.
R1 Rarity
Romanorvm
Constantinople_Comm__Victory_Trier.JPG
Constantinople Comm Victory Trier26 viewsConstantinopolis Commemorative, RIC VII Trier 543
Commemorative AE3 2.24g 17mm
Obv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left wearing imperial mantle. Reverse: No legend, Victory standing facing left
on prow, holding sceptre and resting hand on shield.
Trier Mint; TR*P in exergue,
Romanorvm
constantinople.JPG
Constantinople Commemorative12 views330-333 AD
Thessalonica
RIC VII 225?
JRoME
Constantinople1.jpg
Constantinople Commemorative15 viewsBamaCS
Constantinople_86.jpg
Constantinople Commemorative - AE 336 viewsConstantinople
330-335 AD
Constantinopolis helmeted, laureate bust left, holding scepter over shoulder
CONSTAN_TINOPOLI
Victory standing left, stepping on galley prow, cradling scepter and resting hand on shield
•CONSIA•
RIC 86 (VII, Constantinople)
2,3 g 19-18 mm

•CONSIA• isn't in Helvetica's list !
Johny SYSEL
Constantinopolis_-_SMTSA.jpg
Constantinople Commemorative - AE 313 viewsThessalonica
330-333 AD
Constantinopolis helmeted, laureate bust left, holding scepter over shoulder, wearing imperial cloak
CONSTAN_TINOPOLIS
Victory standing left, stepping on galley prow, cradling scepter and resting hand on shield
SMTSΔ
RIC VII Thessalonica 188
1,72g
Johny SYSEL
83320q00__Constantinople_Commemorative_siscia.jpg
Constantinople Commemorative, RIC VII 224, Siscia34 viewsCity of Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 333 A.D. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII 224, Siscia mint, 1.948g, 18.5mm, 180o, 330 - 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS, Constantinopolis' helmeted bust left in imperial cloak and holding scepter across left shoulder; reverse , Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right, resting left on grounded shield, BSIS in exergue. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Constantinople_commemorative,_Victory_on_prow,_Cyzikus.JPG
Constantinople commemorative, SMKB, Cyzicus23 viewsConstantinople commemorative, Cyzicus, 18mm, 2.45g
Obverse: CONSTANTINOPOLI, helmeted bust of Constantinople left. Reverse: Victory standing left on prow, SMKB in exe. ex areich, photo credit areich
2 commentsPodiceps
commem_consta_cyzicus.jpg
Constantinople commemorative, SMKD, Cyzicus20 viewsCity of Constantinople Commemorative, 334 - 335 A.D. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII 92, gVF, Cyzicus mint, 2.546g, 17.5mm, 180o, 334 - 335 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINOPOLI, Constantinopolis' helmeted bust left in imperial cloak and holding scepter across left shoulder; reverse , Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right, resting left on grounded shield, SMK“D” in ex; green patina. Ex FORVMPodiceps
City_of_Constantinople_Commemorative_335_AD.jpg
Constantinople Commemorative, Thessalonica22 viewsCity of Constantinople Commemorative 335 AD. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII 230, choice VF, Thessalonica mint, 2.632g, 18.9mm, 180o, 335 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS, helmeted, laureate and mantled bust left holding scepter across shoulder; reverse , Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right, resting left on grounded shield, SMTSB in ex. ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
City_Commemorative2.JPG
Constantinople commemoratives5 viewsSinisa D
City_Commemorative1.JPG
Constantinople commemoratives6 viewsSinisa D
collage~5.jpg
Constantinople, Wolf & Twins41 viewsCity Commemorative, under Constantine I

VRBS ROMA
Helmeted cuirassed bust left

She wolf left, suckling Romulus and Remes, two stars above
CONSε

RIC VII Constantinople 62
AE3; 2.39g; 17mm
arizonarobin
1_Constantinople_Comm.jpg
CONSTANTINOPLI commemorative from reign of Constantine the Great 16 viewsAE3-follis
Mint:Heraclea,Date:330-333 AD
Obv: CONSTAN-TINOPLI - Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left.
Rev: Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse across her body spear and shield.
Exergue: dot SMH gamma
Size: ? mm;3.11gms
Ref: RIC VII, 120
1 commentsbrian l
Constantinopolis5.jpg
Constantinoplis Commemorative AE Follis RIC VII 548, Victory on Prow17 viewsOBV: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate, helmeted & mantled bust left holding sceptre
REV: Victory standing left on foot of prow with sceptre and leaning on shield, wreath left, TRP in ex.
2.8g 17mm

Minted at Trier, 332-33 AD
Legatus
IMG_2469.JPG
Constantinopolis 21 viewsConstantinopolis Commemorative AE follis. 330-333 AD. CONSTANTINOPOLIS, helmeted bust left / Victory standing left, one foot of prow with sceptre and leaning on shield. Mintmark CONSZ.

Constantinople
RIC VII 63
Z
Rare
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
1009899.JPG
Constantinopolis 21 viewsConstantinopolis Commemorative AE3/4. 332-333 AD. CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate, helmeted & mantled bust left holding sceptre over shoulder/ Victory standing left on foot of prow with sceptre and leaning on shield, TR dot P in ex.Trier
RIC VII 543
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
COMBINED~9.jpg
CONSTANTINOPOLIS20 viewsCity Commemorative AE Follis, 2.1g; 18mm, 334-335 AD. Siscia.

Obv: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS, helmeted, mantled bust of Constantinopolis
left, holding sceptre over shoulder
Rev: no legend, Victory standing facing, foot on prow, holding
sceptre and resting hand on shield.

Mintmark dot BSIS dot.

RIC VI Siscia 241.
Flamur H
Constantinopole.jpg
Constantinopolis Ancient commemorative coin250 viewsConstantinopolis Ancient commemorative coin
Siscia mint
Bronze 18mm 1.90g 4o
Well centered specimen, beautiful olive green patina
3 commentsmihali84
constanopolis-commemorative-reshoot.jpg
Constantinopolis City Commemorative AE3/4, 334-335 AD, Siscia14 viewsRoman Imperial, Constantinopolis City Commemorative AE3/4, (334-335 AD), Siscia mint, 2.5g, 18mm

Obverse: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Laureate, helmeted & mantled bust left holding sceptre.

Reverse: Victory standing left on foot of prow with sceptre and leaning on shield, •ZSIS• in ex.

Reference: RIC VII Siscia 241
Gil-galad
4823_4824.jpg
Constantinopolis City Commemorative, AE3, GLORIA EXERCITVS6 viewsAE3
Constantinopolis City Commemorative
Issued: 337 - 340AD
16.0mm 1.71gr
O: VRBS ROMA; Roma helmeted, draped bust, left.
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS; Two soldiers standing on either side of one standard, each holding a spear and resting a hand on a shield.
Exergue: SMHB
Heraclea Mint
Aorta: 174: B4, O5, R2, T11, M7.
RIC VII 157, B; Sear 16483.
2/19/17
Nicholas Z
5684_5685.jpg
Constantinopolis City Commemorative, AE3, NO LEGEND; Victory Standing Left, Stepping on Galley Prow8 viewsAE3
Constantine I/Anonymous
Constantinopolis City Commemorative
330AD
O: CONSTANTINOPOLI; Constantinopolis, helmeted, laureate bust left, holding scepter over shoulder.
R: NO LEGEND; Victory standing left, stepping on galley prow, cradling scepter and resting hand on shield.
Exergue: CONSIA
Constantinopolis Mint
Aorta: 24: B3, O1, R9, T12, M5.
ancientcaesar 190797900257
2/19/13 1/30/17
Nicholas Z
4810_4811.jpg
Constantinopolis City Commemorative, AE3, NO LEGEND; Victory Standing Left, Stepping on Galley Prow8 viewsAE3
Constantinopolis City Commemorative
Issued: 331 - 334AD
18.0mm 2.10gr
O: CONSTAN-TINOPOLI; Constantinopolis helmeted, laureate bust left, holding scepter over shoulder.
R: NO LEGEND; Victory standing left, stepping on galley prow, cradling scepter and resting a hand on a shield.
Exergue: SMKB
Cyzicus Mint
Aorta: 48: B3, O1, R9, T12, M6.
RIC VII Cyzicus 121; Sear 16479.
arheacoins
2/19/17
Nicholas Z
4808_4809.jpg
Constantinopolis City Commemorative, AE3, NO LEGEND; Victory Standing Left, Stepping on Galley Prow9 viewsAE3
Constantinopolis City Commemorative
Issued: 335AD
19.0 x 18.0mm 2.50gr
O: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS; Constantinopolis helmeted, laureate bust left, holding scepter over shoulder.
R: NO LEGEND; Victory standing left, stepping on galley prow, cradling scepter and resting hand on a shield.
Exergue: Tree, left field; SCONST, below line.
Arelate Mint
Aorta: 109: B3, O2, R9, T12, M4.
RIC VII Arles 393
2/19/17
Nicholas Z
4806_4807.jpg
Constantinopolis City Commemorative, AE3, NO LEGEND; Victory Standing Left, Stepping on Galley Prow10 viewsAE3
Constantinopolis City Commemorative
Issued: 330 - 333AD
19.0mm 1.73gr
O: CONSTAN-TINOPOLI; Constantinopoli helmeted, laureate bust left, holding scepter over shoulder.
R: NO LEGEND; Victory standing left, stepping on galley prow, cradling scepter and resting hand on shield.
Exergue: CONSΓ
Constantinopolis Mint
Aorta: 28: B3, O1, R9, T12, M5.
RIC VII Constantinople 63, Γ.
tina0116g11 121100766927
5/2/13 2/19/17
Nicholas Z
5686_5687.jpg
Constantinopolis City Commemorative, AE3, NO LEGEND; Wolf Standing left, suckling Romulus and Remus9 viewsAE3
Constantine I/Anonymous
Constantinopolis City Commemorative
Issued: 333 - 335AD
19.0mm
O: VRBS ROMA; Roma helmeted, draped bust, left.
R: NO LEGEND: Wolf standing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; two stars above wolf.
Exergue: (Dot)CONSε(Dot)
Constantinopolis Mint
Aorta: 242: B4, O5, R9, T74, M5.
andy-coins 121056682188
1/30/13 1/30/17
Nicholas Z
4804_4805.jpg
Constantinopolis City Commemorative, AE3, NO LEGEND; Wolf Standing left, suckling Romulus and Remus11 viewsAE3
Constantinopolis City Commemorative
Issued: 331 - 334AD
18.5mm
O: VRBS ROMA; Roma helmeted, draped bust left.
R: NO LEGEND; Wolf standing left, suckling Romulus and Remus, two stars above.
Exergue: SMKA
Cyzicus Mint
Aorta: 267: B4, O5, R9, T14, M6.
RIC VII Cyzicus 90; Sear 16523.
aitorazpietia 321138550723
6/12/13 2/19/17
Nicholas Z
constantinopolis1_jg_01.jpg
Constantinopolis Commemorative73 viewsSMTS (Delta) in Ex.Tkonnova
constantinopolis.jpg
Constantinopolis Commemorative147 viewsConstantinopolis AE 3, 2.8 g, 17.6 x 18.0 mm.
RIC VII:241 for Siscia. Minted 334-335 AD.
OBV.: Constantinopolis left, CONSTANTINOPOLIS.
REV.: Victory standing left on a prow, .BSIS. in exergue.
b70
constantinopolis.jpg
Constantinopolis Commemorative39 viewsObv. CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS laureate, helmeted, wearing imperial mantle, holding scepter.

Rev. Victory stg. on prow, holding long scepter in r. hand, and resting l. hand on shield.

In left field wreath;in ex. TRS

RIC VII Trier 554 c3
2 commentsGaiusCaligula
Constantinopolis_2.jpg
Constantinopolis Commemorative16 viewsOBV: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS
Laureate, helmeted bust left in imperial mantle
and holding scepter across left shoulder.
REV: Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter
in right, resting left on grounded shield.
CONSZ Dot in ex; rare (RIC R1)

RIC VII Constantinople 79
Minted A.D. 333
2.27gm 18.5mm
Rare (RIC R1)
goldenancients
cntcomem1r.jpg
Constantinopolis Commemorative28 views

City Commemorative, AE Follis. Lyons. CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left wearing imperial mantle and holding spear / No legend, Victory standing facing, foot on prow, holding sceptre and resting left hand on shield. Mintmark: PLG. RIC VII Lyons 241; Sear 16445. R1
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_1321.JPG
CONSTANTINOPOLIS commemorative 330-331AD AE1723 views
CONSTANTINOPOLIS commemorative 330-331AD
Obv. CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS [CONSTANTINOPOLIS]; bust l., laur. helmet, wearing imperial cloak, reversed spear.
Rev. Victory stg. l. on prow, holding spear and shield seen from side. •PLG in exergue.

Ref. REVERSE VARIETY. Specimen similar to LYONS 246 except for Victory's shield seen from side instead of seen from front.
UK detector find.
Lee S
roman5.jpg
Constantinopolis Commemorative AE33 views337-340 AD, Alexandria mint.
Obv.: CONSTANTINOPOLIS - Helmeted and mantled bust of Constantinopolis left, holding reversed spear over shoulder.
Rev.: Victory standing prow, holding sceptre and leaning on shield. SMALA in exergue.
RIC 17.
2 commentsMinos
constantinopoli1.jpg
Constantinopolis Commemorative AE follis. 330-333 AD.11 viewsConstantinopolis Commemorative AE follis. 330-333 AD. CONSTANTINOPOLIS, helmeted bust left / Victory standing left, one foot of prow with sceptre and leaning on shield. Mintmark CONSZ.

VD
Britanikus
ricviirome339ORweb.jpg
Constantinopolis Commemorative AE3 330-331 AD.32 viewsO: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, helmeted and cuirassed bust of Constantinopolis left, holding scepter
R: Victory standing left, foot on prow, holding scepter and leaning on shield
RBEpsilon in ex.
16mm 1.96g RIC VII Rome 339 (s)
casata137ec
Constantinoplis_3_opt.jpg
CONSTANTINOPOLIS COMMEMORATIVE AE3, RIC 241, Victory22 viewsOBV: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate, helmeted & mantled bust left holding sceptre
REV: Victory standing left on foot of prow with sceptre and leaning on shield, •BSIS• in ex.
2.39 g, 17 mm

Minted at Siscia, 334-35 AD
Legatus
Constantinopolis7.jpg
CONSTANTINOPOLIS COMMEMORATIVE AE3, RIC VII 188, Victory20 viewsOBVERSE: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, crested, laureate helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left in imperial mantle & holding sceptre
REVERSE: Victory with open wings standing left, right foot on a vessel's prow holding sceptre & leaning on shield. Mintmark SMTSD
Struck at Thessalonica , 330-33 AD
2.3g 18mm
RIC VII 188
Legatus
Urbs_Roma_1_opt.jpg
CONSTANTINOPOLIS COMMEMORATIVE AE3, RIC VII 240, Vrbs Roma24 viewsOBV: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, helmeted & mantled bust left
REV: VRBS ROMA, she-wolf left with twins, two stars above, dot GammaSIS dot in ex.
2.07g, 18 mm

Minted at Siscia, 334-5 AD
Legatus
Urbs_Roma_2.jpg
CONSTANTINOPOLIS COMMEMORATIVE AE3, RIC VII 240, Vrbs Roma24 viewsOBV: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, helmeted & mantled bust left
REV: VRBS ROMA, she-wolf left with twins, two stars above, dot GammaSIS dot in ex.
2.07g, 18 mm

Minted at Siscia, 334-5 AD
Legatus
Constantinopolis4_REV.jpg
CONSTANTINOPOLIS COMMEMORATIVE AE3, RIC VII 63, Victory19 viewsOBV: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate, helmeted & mantled bust left holding scepter
REV: Victory standing left, foot on prow with sceptre and leaning on shield, CONS Gamma in ex.


Minted at Constantinople, 330-3 AD
Legatus
Constantinopolis6.jpg
CONSTANTINOPOLIS COMMEMORATIVE AE3, RIC VII 86, Victory 16 viewsOBV: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate, helmeted & mantled bust left holding sceptre
REV: Victory standing left on foot of prow with sceptre and leaning on shield, dot CONSZ dot in ex.
2.1g, 18mm

Struck at Constantinople, 333-335 AD
Legatus
constcomm1.jpg
Constantinopolis Commemorative AE3/4. 330-333 AD. 46 viewsobv: CONSTANTINOPOLI, laureate, helmeted & mantled bust left holding scepter
rev: Victory standing left on foot of prow with scepter and leaning on shield, dot SMHG in ex.

Heraclea Mint
RIC VII 120,G

(Given to my brother October 2009)
CGPCGP
Constantinopolis_AE_Commemoratice.JPG
Constantinopolis Commemorative AE3/4. 334-335 AD. 8 viewsCONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate, helmeted & mantled bust left holding sceptre / Victory standing left on foot of prow with sceptre and leaning on shield, dot BSIS dot in ex. Siscia RIC VII 241,B Antonivs Protti
Player_050.JPG
Constantinopolis Commemorative AE3/4. Time of Constantine the Great. 20 views2.97 grams.
12 mm.
Constantinopolis Commemorative AE3/4. Time of Constantine the Great. CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate, helmeted & mantled bust left holding sceptre / Victory standing left on foot of prow with sceptre and leaning on shield. R wreath Q, Rome mint. _sold
Antonio Protti
15T10.JPG
CONSTANTINOPOLIS COMMEMORATIVE with reversed Obv. C330-346AD AE1011 viewsObv. Constantinopolis right.
Rev. Victory standing left on foot of prow with sceptre and leaning on shield

UK Detector find.
Lee S
08009AB.jpg
CONSTANTINOPOLIS COMMEMORATIVE, 330-346 AD, 18.9mm , 2.87g24 viewsCOMMEMORATING Constantinopolis , 330-346 AD, BRONZE AE3 COIN

O - CUIRASSED and  HELMETED BUST OF ROMA, facing left wearing imperial mantle. VRBS ROMA  ,   
R - SHE WOLF standing left, suckling  the twins, Romulus and Remus. TWO STARS ABOVE. SIS in exergue. 
robertpe
ConstComm 89.jpg
Constantinopolis Commemorative, RIC VII 241, Siscia18 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS
Bust: Helmeted and wearing Imperial Mantle, holding scepter, bust left
Rev: Victory on galley holding spear and shield.
Exe: (dot) BSIS (dot)
Date: 334-335 AD
Denom: Follis
Rated "C3"
Bluefish
Constantinopolis_b.jpg
Constantinopolis follis41 viewsCommemorative coinageTibsi
Constantinopolis_Obv.JPG
Constantinopolis Obv14 viewsConstantinopolis; 330-346 AD
Commemorative Issue AE 3; 17mm/2.8g
OBV: CONSTANINOPILIS; Helmeted bust of Constantinopolis L wearing imperial mantle and holding scepter
REV: Victory standing L, R foot on Prow, holding scepter and leaning on shield
(SEAR 3890)
Philip G
Constantinopolis_Rev.JPG
Constantinopolis Rev13 viewsConstantinopolis; 330-346 AD
Commemorative Issue AE 3; 17mm/2.8g
OBV: CONSTANINOPILIS; Helmeted bust of Constantinopolis L wearing imperial mantle and holding scepter
REV: Victory standing L, R foot on Prow, holding scepter and leaning on shield
(SEAR 3890)
Philip G
Constantinopoliton_AE-9,5_RIC-xxx-X_Q-001_0h_9,5mm_0,99ga-s.jpg
Constantinopolis, RIC VII 144, 138 Commemorative, (336-337 A.D.), AE-4, Constantinopolis, GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers, with one standard, R3!!!,61 viewsConstantinopolis, RIC VII 144, 138 Commemorative, (336-337 A.D.), AE-4, Constantinopolis, GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers, with one standard, R3!!!,
avers:- CONSTAN-TINOPOLI, Helmeted and mantled bust of Constantinopolis left, holding reversed spear over shoulder.
revers:- GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS, Two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them.
exerg: CONSA Z(?), diameter: 9,5mm, weight: 0,99g, axes: 0h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: 336-337 A.D., ref: RIC VII 144, p-589, R3!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Commemorative_AE-13_POP-ROMANVS_Star_CONS-Gamma_RIC-VIII-22_p-448_Constantinopolis_Q-001_0h_13-13,5mm_0,99gx-s.jpg
Constantinopolis, RIC VIII 022, 137 Commemorative, (330 A.D.), AE-3, */CONS Γ in wreath,61 views137 Commemorative, (330 A.D.), AE-3, Constantinopolis, RIC VIII 022, */CONS Γ in wreath,
avers:- POP-ROMANVS, Laureate and draped bust of the Roman People left, with cornucopiae.
revers: - Large star within wreath, CONS and officina letter (Γ) below.
exe:-/-// */CONS Γ, diameter: 13-13,5 mm, weight: 0,99 g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Constantinopolis , date: 330 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-22, p-448,
Q-001
quadrans
IMG_20180917_074819.jpg
Constantinus I7 views330 - 333 CE

City Commemorative AE3

Obverse: VRBS ROMA
Bust of Roma left wearing visored, plumed and crested helmet and ornamental mantle.

Reverse: She wolf left and twins.

Mintmark: SMH Epsilon. Ric VII Heraclea
Pericles J2
Constantinus_I_(commemorative,_reigned_306-337)_follis_(AE4).png
Constantinus I (commemorative, reign 306-337) follis (AE4)11 viewsObv.: DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG (Veiled bust of emperor) Rev.: VN MR (Emperor wearing toga and veil) Diameter: 15 mm Weight: 1,6 g Sear 3888

One of my two first coins, bought in a tourist centre.
Nick.vdw
Costanz1com01DaR.jpg
Constantius I - AD 305-30631 viewscommemorative
D/ DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINC
R/ MEMORIAE AETERNAE in ex RT
Rugser
Costanz1com02DaR.jpg
Constantius I - AD 305-30622 viewscommemorative
D/ DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINC
R/ MEMORIAE AETERNAE in ex RQ
Rugser
Costanz1com03DaR.jpg
Constantius I - AD 305-30616 viewscommemorative
D/ DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINC
R/ MEMORIAE AETERNAE in ex RS
Rugser
Costanz1com05DaR.jpg
Constantius I - AD 305-30625 viewscommemorative
D/ DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINC
R/ MEMORIAE AETERNAE in ex RP
Rugser
Costanz1com06DaR.jpg
Constantius I - AD 305-30621 viewscommemorative
D/ DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINC
R/ MEMORIAE AETERNAE in ex RT
Rugser
Costanz1com07DaR.jpg
Constantius I - AD 305-30617 viewscommemorative
D/ DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINC
R/ MEMORIAE AETERNAE in ex RQ
Rugser
Costanz1com10DaR.jpg
Constantius I - AD 305-30626 viewscommemorative
D/ DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINC
R/ MEMORIAE AETERNAE in ex RP
Rugser
Costanzo1eagle01.jpg
Constantius I - AD 305-30632 viewscommemorative
D/ DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINC
R/ MEMORIAE AETERNAE in ex RP
Rugser
1__unc_8_done.jpg
CONSTANTONOPLE COMMEMORATIVE 20 viewsREF: RIC VII 144
Denom: AE 3/4FOLLIS; Mint:Heraclea; Date:330-333 AD
Obv: CONSTAN-TINOPOLI -Laureate, helmeted, wearing imperial mantle, holding reversed spear bust left 
Rev:no legend.Victory standing left with right foot on prow of ship. Scepter in right hand, left hand resting on shield on ground.
Exergue: SMH delta star
Size: 18mm
Cleaned
1 commentsbrian l
vespa_den~0.jpg
Denarius, Commemorative Issued by Titus, Two capricorns, RIC 63 Titus11 viewsVespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Commemorative Issued by Titus. Silver denarius, RIC II Titus 63, RSC II 497, BMCRE II 129, F, bent, Rome mint, 2.763g, 17.9mm, 180o, posthumous, 80 - 81 A.D.; obverse DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS, laureate head right; reverse S C, on shield supported by two Capricorns, globe below; deep divot on obverse gives the coin a cup shape. Ex FORVMPodiceps
divoclav01b.jpg
Divo Claudius, Claudius II Gothicus26 viewsClaudius II Gothicus
AE Antoninianus, 18-19mm
Commemorative issued by Quintillus or Aurelian
Ob: DIVO CLAVDIO, Radiate head right
Rv: CONSECRATIO, flaming altar
Ex: S
Ref: RIC V (1) 261 Mediolanum

Scotvs Capitis
Divus_Augustus~0.jpg
Divus Augustus As27 viewsDivus Augustus Æ As. Commemorative by Tiberius. DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, radiate head left, thunderbolt before / Eagle standing facing, wings spread, head right, S C at sides.

RIC 82 [Tiberius], Cohen 247.

1 commentsTanit
divuscon2.png
Divus Constantine I Posthumous commemorative22 viewsObverse: DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, veiled bust right
Reverse: VN-MR, emperor veiled standing right.
SMAN in ex. Antioch mint.
14.56 mm, 1.5 g
NORMAN K
Vespasian_ric_60~0.jpg
Divus Vespasian(us)113 viewsRIC II 361 (Titus), RSC 146.
Divus Vespasian, struck under Titus, denarius.
Rome mint, 80-81 AD.
Obv. DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS, laureate head right.
Rev. EX S C in exergue, slow quadriga left, car ornamented with swag across front, two figures brandishing spears, Victories flanking quadriga above.

This coin, minted by Titus in honor of his deceased father, is a 10th anniversary commemorative of the triumph held in Rome after the reconquest of Judaea.

The quadriga on the reverse is a tensa, a chariot shaped like a temple in which the attributes of the divine Vespasian were borne to the Circus in the procession before games, an honor to the deceased Vespasian voted to him by the Senate, EX S C (source: information from Curtis L. Clay).

Good silver and nice details. Nothing better than a quadriga reverse!
3 commentsmars1112
Domitian_as_Caesar_RIC_II_V0957.jpg
Domitian as Caesar RIC II V095734 viewsDomitian as Caesar AR Denarius. Rome Mint 77-78 A.D. (3.08g, 17.9m, 6h). CɅESɅR ɅVG F DOMITIɅNVS, laureate head right. Rev: COS V in exergue, horseman galloping r. r. hand raised behind. RIC II V957, BMC V234, RSC 49.

The rider is unidentified on this reverse. Theories range from some type of commemorative, to Domitian himself, and Mars calling Rome to battle in the East where Domitian desired a command around this time. This example is worn, but has full legends and decent reverse details.
Lucas H
D20.jpg
Domitian RIC 20154 viewsAR Denarius, 3.02g
Rome mint, 81 AD
RIC 20 (R2). BMC - . RSC - .
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS VII DES VIII P P; Altar, garlanded and lighted
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 707. Acquired from Freeman & Sear in 2009, from the A. Lynn Collection. Ex. Hauck & Aufhauser 17, 18 March 2003, lot 258. Ex G. Hirsch 3, April 1954, lot 323.

This type is quite rare with the legend omitting TR P. Only two specimens are cited by RIC, this coin from the Hauck & Aufhauser 17 auction and another in a private collection.
The reverse type of an Altar with Flame is part of the "pulvinaria" series issued by Titus and Domitian as part of the commemorative issue for the opening games of the Colosseum. It is a carry-over reverse from Domitian as Caesar.

Toned and in excellent condition. An exquisite example of early Domitianic coinage.
11 commentsDavid Atherton
D562.jpg
Domitian RIC-56282 viewsAR Denarius, 3.45g
Rome mint, 88 AD
RIC 562 (R). BMC 141. RSC 67.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERMANICVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS XIIII across field; Minerva adv r., with spear and shield (M1)
Ex Spink eAuction 18055, 7 November 2018, The Michael Kelly Collection of Roman Coins part 2, lot 95.

In 88 AD Domitian struck a brief special issue of Minerva denarii with unusual obverse legends and austere reverse designs. The obverse legends deviate from the usual formula, sometimes spelling out fully DOMITIANVS and/or GERMANICVS and lacking a TR P number. The reverses feature only a terse legend across field with the IMP number absent. Here is an example from this rare issue with GERMANICVS spelled out on the obverse and the consular number across field on the reverse. Why the mint was experimenting with the legends and the layout of the reverses in 88 is a mystery. Perhaps the issue was struck in conjunction with a special event that year (the Secular Games?) and are commemorative in nature. Regardless, the mint soon returned the denarius to its conventional Minerva arrangement, hinting that these scarce issues were indeed struck for a special occasion.

Struck in good style.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
D568_obv.JPG
Domitian RIC-568147 viewsAR Denarius, 3.12g
Rome mint, 88 AD
RIC 568 (R2). BMC 139. RSC 27.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERMANIC COS XIIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: CENS P•P•P• across field; Minerva stg. l., with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her l. side (M3)
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

Minted in early 88 AD, the reverse features Domitian's assumption of perpetual censor. The legend CENS P P P across field is quite rare and the series of denarii this coin is apart of was quite short lived, perhaps commemorative in nature.

The portrait is done in a remarkably fine 'Flavian baroque' style and is one of the most artistically pleasing of Domitian I've ever come across. There is not a lot of wear and traces of his "mutton chop" sideburns are still visible in hand. The pleasing attributes the engraver has given Domitian here is quite commendable!

Struck on a large flan (20mm), this is one of my finest denarii of Domitian, both stylistically and fabric wise.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
D569.jpg
Domitian RIC-569119 viewsAR Denarius, 3.21g
Rome mint, 88 AD
RIC 569 (R). BMC 140. RSC 26a.
Obv: IMP•CAES DOMIT AVG GERMANIC COS XIIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: CENS P•P•P• across field; Minerva stg. l., with spear (M4)
Ex Roma E9, 30 June 2014, lot 447.

Early in 88 a remarkable series of rare issues were struck. The mark of these issues were the full spelling of GERMANICVS (also GERMANIC) on the obverse, and the reverse featuring short legends written across the field. The flans are normally large and the style quite fine. Perhaps this exceptional series is commemorative in nature: the year was full of military activity and of course the Saecular Games were held. Unusually, the TR P and IMP numbers are missing from the issue.

This denarius has all the hallmarks of this quality issue. A real beauty in hand. Same dies as the BM specimen (RIC II plate coin).
4 commentsDavid Atherton
D574.JPG
Domitian RIC-574172 viewsAR Denarius, 3.12g
Rome mint, 88 AD
RIC 574 (R2). BMC - . RSC - .
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VII; Bust of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r. with aegis
Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS P P P; Minerva adv. r., with spear and shield (M1)
Ex Lanz, eBay, 20 October 2013.

Early in 88 AD a special series of denarii were issued by Domitian. Style wise they are very fine and feature some rare obverse variants. I wish to present a denarius from the series which shows Domitian with aegis, the first time seen on his precious metal coinage since 84-85. Several other types in the series fully spell out "GERMAN" in the obverse instead of using the more frequent abbreviated "GERM". Why does this series contain the only example of Domitian with aegis after 85? Is there a special purpose for it?

If one is to look for anything of importance that occurred in 88, one would be hard pressed to find anything more important than the Secular Games - which indeed has known reverse types that commemorate it. Does the fine style of the series in question, combined with the only known aegis portrait issued after 85, and other coins fully spelling "GERMAN" point to a Secular Games commemorative issue? Perhaps this is the first series which commemorates the event before the specific reverse types (herald and cippus) were drawn up.

Needless to say the coin is very rare. Ian Carradice did not record the type in his 1983 monograph 'Coinage and Finances in the Reign of Domitian'. Shares the same aureus reverse die as the RIC 571 plate coin. Another example of the type from different dies was recently sold in the Harry Sneh Gemini X auction and in June 2015 Forvm member timka posted an example. These are the only three I've ever seen in trade.

Struck on a large flan (20mm) in excellent metal with dark toning.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
D599.jpg
Domitian RIC-59990 viewsAR Quinarius, 1.61g
Rome mint, 88 AD
RIC 599 (C2). BMC 134. RSC 78.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC; Herald adv. l., with wand and shield
Ex CNG E404, 23 August 2017, lot 504. Ex Helios 1, 17 April 2008, lot 248 (The Frank L. Kovacs Collection).

Unusually, this quinarius lacks the de rigueur Victory on the reverse, instead we have an interesting historical type of a Herald announcing Domitian's Ludi Saeculares. This was the only saeculum type struck on his quinarii. The games were held in 88 following the Augustan cycle. Presumably this piece was struck for commemorative purposes in conjunction with the games. RIC places the frequency rating for this type as 'very common' (C2), however, this seems a bit over generous. Perhaps a rating of 'common' (C) would be more appropriate. The upcoming RIC II.1 Addenda notes the frequency discrepancy, citing C. Clay's concern that only nineteen specimens are in King's survey of Roman quinarii.

A lovely piece with dark toning and fine style.
8 commentsDavid Atherton
D784sm.jpg
Domitian RIC-784170 viewsAR Denarius, 3.28g
Rome Mint, 95-96 AD
RIC 784 (R2). BMC 237B. RSC 296.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XV; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P; Altar, with two figures of soldiers, flanked by aquilae; under each aquila on top of the altar is a seated captive
Ex Solidus, eBay, 13 April 2014.

The months leading up to Domitian's assassination saw the mint at Rome experimenting with many new reverse types (winged Minerva, Maia, temple reverses), breaking the monotony of the four standard Minerva types that had previously dominated the denarius. These new types are exceedingly rare however and were perhaps experimental in nature. This denarius has one of the new reverse types consisting of an altar and is quite impressive. The altar with its aquilae and soldiers is obviously military in nature and may perhaps be a commemorative issue.

A typical example of the mint's late period style in good metal and nicely centred. Same dies as CGB.fr, MONNAIES 55, lot 138.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
Antoninus_Pius_Divus_Eagle.JPG
Eagle 159 viewsDIVUS ANTONINUS PIUS. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome. Struck A.D.161 under Marcus Aurelius.
Obverse: DIVVS ANTONINVS. Bare headed and draped bust of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle standing facing right, head left, on garlanded altar.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 2.9gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC III : 431
*Alex
EB0454_scaled.JPG
EB0454 Faustina II Diva / Aeternitas9 viewsFaustina II, Commemorative, AE Sestertius, 176-180 AD.
Obv: DIVA FAVSTINA PIA, Bust of Faustina the Younger, draped, veiled, hair elaborately waved in nearly vertical lines and fastened in a low chignon at back of head, down cheek, curls, right.
Rev: AETERNITAS S-C, Aeternitas, veiled, draped, standing front, head left, raising veil with right hand and holding long torch in left hand.
References: RIC III Marcus Aurelius 1691.
Diameter: 34.5mm, Weight: 24 grams.
EB
EB0775_scaled.JPG
EB0775 Constantine I / Quadriga13 viewsConstantine I 307-337, Æ Reduced Follis of Constantinople, posthumous commemorative 337-340.
Obverse: DV CONSTANT [INVS PT A] VGG, Veiled bust right.
Reverse: Emperor in quadriga right, hand of God reaches him from above, CONS in exergue.
References: RIC 37.
Diameter: 14mm, Weight: 1.354g.
1 commentsEB
EB0782_scaled.JPG
EB0782 Roma / Wolf and Twins10 viewsCommemorative Series, AE Follis, Antiochia, circa 330-335.
Obverse: VRBS ROMA Helmeted and mantled bust of Roma to left.
Reverse: She-wolf standing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; above, two stars; in exergue, SMANΘ.
References: RIC VII 91.
Diameter: 15mm, Weight: 1.581g.
EB
EB0783_scaled.JPG
EB0783 Constantinopolis / Victory10 viewsCommemorative, Æ Follis, Siscia mint, 2nd officina. Struck AD 334-335.
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS Helmeted, laureate and mantled bust of Constantinopolis to left, holding scepter over left shoulder.
Reverse: Victory standing front, head to left, right foot on prow, holding scepter in her right hand and resting her left on shield; in exergue, •BSIS•.
References: RIC VII 241.
Diameter: 17.5mm, Weight: 2.116g.
EB
EB0784_scaled.JPG
EB0784 Constantinopolis / Victory9 viewsCommemorative, Æ Follis, Alexandria mint, 2nd officina. Struck AD 333-335.
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS Helmeted, laureate and mantled bust of Constantinopolis to left, holding scepter over left shoulder.
Reverse: Victory standing front, head to left, right foot on prow, holding scepter in her right hand and resting her left on shield; in exergue, SMALA.
References: RIC VII Alexandria 64.
Diameter: 17.5mm, Weight: 2.6g.
EB
EB0785_scaled.JPG
EB0785 Roma / Wolf and Twins10 viewsCommemorative Series, AE Follis, Thessalonica, 330-333.
Obverse: VRBS ROMA Helmeted and mantled bust of Roma to left.
Reverse: Wolf and twins Romulus and Remus, two stars above. Mintmark SMTSE.
References: RIC VII Thessalonica 187.
Diameter: 19mm, Weight: 2.399g.
EB
EB0786_scaled.JPG
EB0786 Constantinopolis / Victory10 viewsCommemorative, Æ Follis, Unknown mint 330-335.
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS Helmeted, laureate and mantled bust of Constantinopolis to left, holding scepter over left shoulder.
Reverse: Victory standing front, head to left, right foot on prow, holding scepter in her right hand and resting her left on shield; Mintmark off flan.
References: -.
Diameter: 17mm, Weight: 2.476g.
EB
EB0787_scaled.JPG
EB0787 Constantinopolis / Victory10 viewsCommemorative, Æ Follis, Trier, 330-331.
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS Helmeted, laureate and mantled bust of Constantinopolis to left, holding scepter over left shoulder.
Reverse: Victory standing front, head to left, right foot on prow, holding scepter in her right hand and resting her left on shield; Wreath in left field; Mintmark TRP.
References: RIC VII 534.
Diameter: 18mm, Weight: 2.021g.
EB
EB0788_scaled.JPG
EB0788 Constantinopolis / Victory10 viewsCommemorative, Æ Follis, Alexandria mint, 2nd officina. Struck AD 333-335.
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS Helmeted, laureate and mantled bust of Constantinopolis to left, holding scepter over left shoulder.
Reverse: Victory standing front, head to left, right foot on prow, holding scepter in her right hand and resting her left on shield; in exergue, SMALA.
References: RIC VII Alexandria 64.
Diameter: 18mm, Weight: 2.694g.
EB
EB0789_scaled.JPG
EB0789 Constantine I / Quadriga12 viewsConstantine I 307-337, Æ Reduced Follis of Constantinople, posthumous commemorative 337-340.
Obverse: DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, Laureate veiled bust right.
Reverse: Emperor in quadriga right, [hand of God reaches him from above], CONS in exergue.
References: RIC VIII 37.
Diameter: 16mm, Weight: 1.68g.
EB
EB0884_scaled.JPG
EB0884 Constantine I / Quadriga3 viewsConstantine I 307-337, AE4, posthumous commemorative 337-340.
Obverse: DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG, Veiled bust draped and cuirassed right.
Reverse: Constantine driving quadriga right, hand of God reaching down to him, Mintmark: SMANA.
References: RIC VIII 39.
Diameter: 16mm, Weight: 1.637g.
EB
EB0886_scaled.JPG
EB0886 Constantine I / VN-MR3 viewsConstantine I, posthumous commemorative, AE 4, 347-348.
Obverse: DV CONSTANTINVS P T AVGG, veiled head right.
Reverse: VN-MR to either side of Constantine, standing right, togate and veiled. [Mintmark ?].
References: Cf. RIC VIII Antioch 112.
Diameter: 15mm, Weight: 1.227g.
EB
EB0888_scaled.JPG
EB0888 Constantinopolis / Victory4 viewsCommemorative series AE Nummus, Struck under Constantine I, Cyzicus 332-333.
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, holding reversed spear.
Reverse: Victory standing left on prow, holding spear and resting on shield; •SMKA in exergue.
References: Cf. RIC VII Cyzicus 107.
Diameter: 17.5mm, Weight: 1.796g.
EB
EB0890_scaled.JPG
EB0890 Constantinopolis / Victory2 viewsCommemorative series AE3, Struck under Constantine I, 333-335.
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left.
Reverse: Victory standing left on prow, holding spear and resting on shield; Mintmark CONSZ[dot?].
References: Cf. RIC VII 63,79,86.
Diameter: 18mm, Weight: 2.479g.
EB
41505_augustus_emerita.jpg
Emerita; Commemorative minted by Tiberius; camp gates9 viewsAugustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Commemorative minted by Tiberius. Bronze AE 25, RPC I 31, F, porous, Emerita mint, 7.883g, 25.3mm, 90o, 14 - 37 A.D.; obverse DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, radiate head left; reverse COL AVGVSTA EMERITA, camp gates. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Ancient_Counterfeits_Faustina_I__Fouree_Temple.jpg
Faustina I Fouree Denarius Temple20 viewsObverse from a lifetime issue: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA (RIC 335-342a)
Reverse from a commemorative issue, possibly DEDICATIO AEDIS (RIC 388, R).
18mm, 2.43g
klausklage
FAUSTINA_JNR_PEACOCK~0.JPG
FAUSTINA II, JUNIOR. Commemorative denarius of Rome. Struck A.D.176-180 under Marcus Aurelius.133 viewsObverse: DIVA FAVSTINA PIA. Draped bust of Faustina Junior facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Peacock standing facing right.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 3.24gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC III : 744 | RSC : 71a

Annia Galeria Faustina was the youngest daughter of Antoninus Pius and Faustina Senior. She married Marcus Aurelius in A.D.145 and was given the title of Augusta on the birth of her first child in A.D.146. She went on to have several more children, one of whom was the future emperor Commodus. In A.D.175 Faustina accompanied Marcus Aurelius on his journey to the East but she died at Halala, a village at the foot of the Taurus Mountains.
1 comments*Alex
Faustina_Maior_(138-140,_commemorative_issue)_denarius_(AR).jpg
Faustina Maior (138-140 commemorative issue) denarius (AR)30 viewsObv.: DIVA FAVSTINA (Draped bust of empress) Rev.: AETERNITAS (Aeternitas standing, holding globe with veil blowing around head) Diameter: 17.9 mm RIC 351Nick.vdw
FH-G-037_(0s).jpg
FH-G-03711 viewsSyria, Antioch ad Orntem; Silanus Antioch; AD 12-13; bronze AE20

- Laureate head of Zeus right, round dot border.

- ANTIOXEΩN EΠI ΣIΛANOY
- ANTIOCEWN EPI SILANOU (“reign of Silanus Antioch”)
-Ram leaping right, looking back at star above; ΓM below

6.38gm / 20.67mm / Axis: 0

References:
Butcher 57
BMC Galatia 63
MacDonald, NC 1904, pp 113-117

Notes: Dec 11, 15 - Coin is pitted all over though full legend is legible. This is one of the well researched and reported Star of Bethlehem Commemorative coins. - Star of Bethlehem Coins – A Set of Serial Commemoratives By: T. B. Cartwright may be found here: http://www.beastcoins.com/Collections/Star-Of-Bethlehem/Star-Of-Bethlehem.htm
Jonathan P
FH-G-038_(0s).jpg
FH-G-03810 viewsSyria, Antioch ad Orntem; Silanus Antioch; AD 13-14; bronze AE20

- Laureate head of Zeus right, round dot border.

- ANTIOXEΩN EΠI ΣIΛANOY
- ANTIOCEWN EPI SILANOU (“reign of Silanus Antioch”)
-Ram leaping right, looking back at star above; ΓM below

6.35gm / 20.12mm / Axis: 0

References:
Butcher 58
BMC Galatia 65
MacDonald, NC 1904, pp 113-117

Notes: Dec 11, 15 - Coin will improve much with proper cleaning. This is one of the well researched and reported Star of Bethlehem Commemorative coins. - Star of Bethlehem Coins – A Set of Serial Commemoratives By: T. B. Cartwright may be found here: http://www.beastcoins.com/Collections/Star-Of-Bethlehem/Star-Of-Bethlehem.htm
Jonathan P
40-41_AD_GAIUS_CALIG.jpg
Gaius/Caligula (Augustus) Coin: Bronze Quadrans 4 viewsC CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG SC - Pileus flanked by S C
PON M TR P IIII P P COS TERT - Legend surrounding RCC large in center of field
Exergue:


Mint: Rome (40-41AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 2.30g / 17mm / 180
Rarity: Common
References:
RIC 1-Gaius 52
Provenances:
London Ancient Coins

obverse: C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG (Gaius Caesar, emperor, great-granson of Divine Augustus)

reverse: PON M TR P IIII P P COS TERT (high priest, holder of tribune power for 4 years, father of the country, consul for the third time)

There were four different issues of quadrans from Caligula:
PON M TR P III P P COS DES III- 39AD
PON M TR P III P P COS TERT-39-40AD
PON M TR P IIII P P COS TERT-40-41AD-This Coin
PON M TR P IIII P P COS QVART-January 1-24, 41AD

ODERINT, DUM METUANT (LET THEM HATE, SO LONG AS THEY FEAR). — CALIGULA

The purpose of the pileus and the (related or not) meaning of the RCC inscription remain in dispute and have led to differing hypotheses since the late 18th century, with most modern observers echoing the original hypotheses of Eckel from 1796, who thought that the RCC inscription referred to Caligula's remission of the 0.5% sales tax (hence remissa ducentesima), with the pileus a reference to restored liberty deriving from return of elections to the popular comitia from the Senate. Eckel thus thought the obverse and reverse commemorated separate distinct acts of the emperor.

David Woods' interpretation of the Caligula quadrans is that the liberty it celebrates is the liberty of all free Roman citizens, with the pileus as a their symbol. He reasons that it was Caligula's crackdown on those illegally claiming citizenship that is the focus of the coin's commemoration. This proper enforcement of the rules of citizenship would theoretically play well among the greater masses of the population who normally encounter the quadrans in everyday exchange.

As for the meaning of the RCC reverse inscription, Woods posits that it could be Res Civium Conservatae (The interests of the citizens has been preserved), or something closely related to this.

From The Dictionary of Roman Coins:
R CC Remissa Ducentesima. - Initial letters inscribed on the reverse of a third brass coin of Caligula, commemorative of a tax having been abolished by that Emperor. - The treasury of the state having been exhausted by the civil wars, Augustus, to assist in replenishing the public revenues, had established an impost of the hundredth denarius on all sales. But this burden in the year AD 17, Tiberius, yielding to the petitions of the people, had reduced on-half, that is to say to one denarius for 200. At length, in the year A.D. 39, the whole tax was taken off by Caligula as the inscription, on this small brass coin, of Remissa CC. plainly tells; and Suetonius confirms the fact in saying ducentesimun auctionum Italia remisit, although he does not specify the time.

And that this act of liberality was permanent is proved by medals struck in subsequent years of Caligula's reign, on which the memory of this benefit is gratefully renewed by the Senate. - The obverse is in scribed C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG S C (Caius Caesar Augustus, great grandson of the Divine Augustus) and the type is the pileus or cap of liberty, an allusion made to the right of suffrage granted to the people in the year AD 38.

From COINWEEK: Small Change
Perhaps the most enigmatic coin of Caligula’s reign was the smallest regular Roman denomination, the quadrans. It took 64 of these little coppers to equal the value of one silver denarius – a day’s pay for a manual worker. On the obverse, the emperor’s name and titles surround a “liberty cap” – the felt hat worn by freed slaves – bracketed by the letters “SC”. The reverse inscription continues the emperor’s titles, surrounding the large letters “RCC”.

For many years, the consensus of numismatic scholars was that this abbreviation stood for remissa ducentesima, celebrating Caligula’s repeal of an unpopular one-half percent sales tax (“one part in two hundred” – “CC” being the Roman numeral for 200). A brilliant 2010 study by David Woods argues that this interpretation is unlikely, and RCC probably stands for something like res civium conservatae (“the interests of citizens have been preserved”).

The quadrans is probably the most affordable coin of Caligula, with decent examples appearing at auction for under $100.
Gary W2
39_AD_GAIUS_CALIGULA.jpg
Gaius/Caligula (Augustus) Coin: Bronze Quadrans 3 viewsC CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG SC - Pileus flanked by S C
PON M TR P III P P COS DES III - Legend surrounding RCC large in center of field
Exergue:


Mint: Rome (39AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 2.63g / 18mm / 180
Rarity: Scarce
References:
RIC 1-Gaius 39
Provenances:
London Ancient Coins
Acquisition/Sale: London Ancient Coins Ebay

here were four different issues of quadrans from Caligula:
PON M TR P III P P COS DES III- 39AD-This Coin
PON M TR P III P P COS TERT-39-40AD
PON M TR P IIII P P COS TERT-40-41AD
PON M TR P IIII P P COS QVART-January 1-24, 41AD

ODERINT, DUM METUANT (LET THEM HATE, SO LONG AS THEY FEAR). — CALIGULA

The purpose of the pileus and the (related or not) meaning of the RCC inscription remain in dispute and have led to differing hypotheses since the late 18th century, with most modern observers echoing the original hypotheses of Eckel from 1796, who thought that the RCC inscription referred to Caligula's remission of the 0.5% sales tax (hence remissa ducentesima), with the pileus a reference to restored liberty deriving from return of elections to the popular comitia from the Senate. Eckel thus thought the obverse and reverse commemorated separate distinct acts of the emperor.

David Woods' interpretation of the Caligula quadrans is that the liberty it celebrates is the liberty of all free Roman citizens, with the pileus as a their symbol. He reasons that it was Caligula's crackdown on those illegally claiming citizenship that is the focus of the coin's commemoration. This proper enforcement of the rules of citizenship would theoretically play well among the greater masses of the population who normally encounter the quadrans in everyday exchange.

As for the meaning of the RCC reverse inscription, Woods posits that it could be Res Civium Conservatae (The interests of the citizens has been preserved), or something closely related to this.

From The Dictionary of Roman Coins:
R CC Remissa Ducentesima. - Initial letters inscribed on the reverse of a third brass coin of Caligula, commemorative of a tax having been abolished by that Emperor. - The treasury of the state having been exhausted by the civil wars, Augustus, to assist in replenishing the public revenues, had established an impost of the hundredth denarius on all sales. But this burden in the year AD 17, Tiberius, yielding to the petitions of the people, had reduced on-half, that is to say to one denarius for 200. At length, in the year A.D. 39, the whole tax was taken off by Caligula as the inscription, on this small brass coin, of Remissa CC. plainly tells; and Suetonius confirms the fact in saying ducentesimun auctionum Italia remisit, although he does not specify the time.

And that this act of liberality was permanent is proved by medals struck in subsequent years of Caligula's reign, on which the memory of this benefit is gratefully renewed by the Senate. - The obverse is in scribed C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG S C (Caius Caesar Augustus, great grandson of the Divine Augustus) and the type is the pileus or cap of liberty, an allusion made to the right of suffrage granted to the people in the year AD 38.

From COINWEEK: Small Change
Perhaps the most enigmatic coin of Caligula’s reign was the smallest regular Roman denomination, the quadrans. It took 64 of these little coppers to equal the value of one silver denarius – a day’s pay for a manual worker. On the obverse, the emperor’s name and titles surround a “liberty cap” – the felt hat worn by freed slaves – bracketed by the letters “SC”. The reverse inscription continues the emperor’s titles, surrounding the large letters “RCC”.

For many years, the consensus of numismatic scholars was that this abbreviation stood for remissa ducentesima, celebrating Caligula’s repeal of an unpopular one-half percent sales tax (“one part in two hundred” – “CC” being the Roman numeral for 200). A brilliant 2010 study by David Woods argues that this interpretation is unlikely, and RCC probably stands for something like res civium conservatae (“the interests of citizens have been preserved”).

The quadrans is probably the most affordable coin of Caligula, with decent examples appearing at auction for under $100.
Gary W2
Germanicus.jpg
Germanicus - Commemorative issued by Caligula44 viewsAs, 10.30 g, 26 mm, 7 h, 37-38 AD

Obverse: GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVGVST F DIVI AVG N
Bare head right

Reverse: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT around large SC

Rome mint

RIC I 35
drjbca
Germanicus_RIC_C50.JPG
Germanicus, father of Caligula, brother of Claudius22 viewsObv: (GERM)ANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI A(VG N), bare head of Germanicus facing right.

Rev: (C) CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG PM TRP III PP, around large SC.

Copper As, Rome mint, 40-1 AD (posthumous commemorative issued by Caligula)

10.7 grams, 28 mm, 180°

RIC I Caius 50, S1822, VM 3
SPQR Coins
GEORGE_V_CROWN.jpg
GREAT BRITAIN - George V32 viewsGREAT BRITAIN - George V (1910-1936) AR Crown, 1935. Silver Jubilee commemorative. KM #842.dpaul7
Graeco-Baktrian_Kings,_Eukratides_I,_Silver_Tetradrachm,_34_mm,_16_89g~0.jpg
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides Megas - Tetradrachm168 viewsObv: Within a circular bead-and-reel border, Diademed and draped bust right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull's horn and ear.

Rev: Dioskouroi on rearing horses right, holding palm fronds and spears; monogram in lower right field, Greek semi-circular legend on top "BAΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOY" and at bottom "EYKPATIΔOY" meaning '(of) Great King Eucratides'.

Bopearachchi 6W, SNG ANS 469-471

The helmeted Eucratides tetradrachm is one of the most popular and sought-after coins of the Bactrian series. Certainly it boasts one of the best Hellenistic portrait of all times. Eukratides also minted the largest known Gold Coin of Antiquity, a massive 20 Stater coin weighing 169.2g with a huge flan size of 58mm. Perhaps it was a commemorative victory medal to celebrate Eucratides's conquest of "India," presumably some land south of the Hindu Kush, perhaps Gandhara.
4 commentsmitresh
coin45.jpg
Heraclea RIC 115 Constantinople Com. AE3 17 viewsHeraclea RIC 115 Constantinople Com. AE3
Constantinople Commemorative AE3 from reign
of Constantine the Great. AD 330-333.
CONSTAN-TINOPLI, helmeted & laureate
bust of Constantinopolis left / Victory standing
left on prow of a galley, holding transverse
across her body spear & shield, SMHD in ex.
Coin #45
cars100
Urbs-Roma_AE-9,5_RIC-VII-156_Q-001_0h_9,5mm_0,99ga-s.jpg
Heraclea, RIC VII 156, 137 Commemorative, (336-337 A.D.), AE-4, URBS ROMA, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers, with one standard, R3!!!,64 viewsHeraclea, RIC VII 156, 137 Commemorative, (336-337 A.D.), AE-4, URBS ROMA, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers, with one standard, R3!!!,
avers: - URBS-ROMA, helmeted, wearing imperial cloak,
revers:- GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them.
exerg: SMHB, diameter: 9,5mm, weight: 0,99g, axes: 0h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 336-337 A.D., ref: RIC VII 156, p-561, R3!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Urbs-Roma_AE-9,5_monogram_RIC-xx-X_Q-003_axis-0h_9,5mm_0,99ga-s.jpg
Heraclea, RIC VII 49, 137 Commemorative, (347-348 A.D.), AE-4, URBS ROMA, VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX, in wreath, Scarce!67 views137 Commemorative, (347-348 A.D.), AE-4, Heraclea, RIC VII 49, URBS ROMA, VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX, in wreath, Scarce!
avers:- VRBS- ROMA, Bust of Roma left wearing visored and crested helmet and ornamental mantle.
revers: - VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX, in wreath,.
exe: SMHA (?), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 347-348 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-49, p-433, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinopla,_Comemmorative,_She-wolf_anf_Twins,_Constantinopla_.JPG
Heraclea, URBS ROMA, City Comemmorative AE Follis15 viewsHeraclea, Urbs Roma Commemorative AE Reduced Follis. VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust left / She-wolf standing left, suckling twins, two stars above. Mintmark SMH officina letter and star.
RIC VII 143
Antonivs Protti
C.jpg
Imitative of Constantinopolis commemorative. AE 12mm 21 viewsImitative of Constantinopolis commemorative. C330-346AD
UK Detector find.
Lee S
P1018848.JPG
Imitative of Constantinopolis commemorative. C.330 - 340. AE 15-16mm26 viewsImitative of Constantinopolis commemorative. C.330 - 340.

Obv. Helmeted and mantled bust of Constantinopolis left

Rev. Victory standing on prow, holding sceptre and leaning on shield

UK Detector find.
Lee S
IMG_0413.JPG
Imitative of Constantinopolis commemorative. C.330 - 340. AE13mm16 viewsImitative of Constantinopolis commemorative. C.330 - 340.

Obv. Helmeted and mantled bust of Constantinopolis left

Rev. Victory standing on prow, holding sceptre and leaning on shield

UK Detector find.
Lee S
Italy- Pompeii- The Forum 1.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- The Forum 163 viewsThe Forum
ENTRANCE TO THE FORUM Forum of Pompeii After 80 B.C. One of the two arches originally covered with marble which flank the Temple of Jupiter and are the main entrances to the forum. The temple was built under the Samnites in the second century B.C.
FORUM OF POMPEII After 80 B.C. The Forum of Pompeii has a central rectangular space, 466 feet long by 124 feet wide, surrounded by the most important public buildings in the city. Like other forums, it is set up on an axial plan. A colonnade lines three sides. In the center of the fourth side, visible in the distance, is the Temple of Jupiter, known as the Capitolium. The forum was paved with travertine stone and only pedestrians were permitted in its precinct. Situated on an old site, it was largely rebuilt after 80 B.C. when Pompeii became a Roman colony. The forum was again in the process of rebuilding after the earthquake of 62 AD. It was buried under the eruption of Vesuvius seen in the distance in 79.

FORUM (VII,8)
The first monumental arrangement dates from the 2nd cent. BC, with a few buildings and the porticos with their double row of tufa columns, replaced with white limestone in the imperial age, when the site was repaved and buildings added on the east side where shops had previously stood. Located at the intersection between the two main streets of the original urban center, the Forum was the city's main square, where cart traffic was forbidden: it was surrounded on all sides by religious, political, and business buildings. In the 1st cent. AD the Forum highlighted the celebratory intention of the imperial house, where the monumental bases for commemorative statues were placed on the south side, in front of the city's administrative buildings, while those of illustrious citizens stood along the porticos : the sculptures have not been found, perhaps because they were removed by the people of Pompeii who returned after the eruption to take whatever they could. In the center of the western side stands an orators' tribune.
MEMORIAL ARCHES
In opus latericium, at one time covered with marble, these elegantly enclose the Forum to the north, in celebration of the imperial family. Of the two built on either side of the Temple of Jupiter, the one to the west is attributed to Augustus, the east to Nero, perhaps demolished following the death (68 AD) and sentencing of the emperor, or simply to avoid blocking the view of the other arch behind it, at the north entrance to the Forum. This has two niches on one side that once held statues of Nero and Drusus, on the other side two fountains; an equestrian statue (perhaps of the emperor Tiberius) topped this arch. The other arch, in the back at the start of Via di Mercurio, is called the Caligula Arch because an equestrian statue was found nearby, that may have depicted the emperor Caligula and probably stood on the arch.
John Schou
Italy- Pompeii- The Forum  columns 1.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- The Forum columns 136 viewsThe Forum
ENTRANCE TO THE FORUM Forum of Pompeii After 80 B.C. One of the two arches originally covered with marble which flank the Temple of Jupiter and are the main entrances to the forum. The temple was built under the Samnites in the second century B.C.
FORUM OF POMPEII After 80 B.C. The Forum of Pompeii has a central rectangular space, 466 feet long by 124 feet wide, surrounded by the most important public buildings in the city. Like other forums, it is set up on an axial plan. A colonnade lines three sides. In the center of the fourth side, visible in the distance, is the Temple of Jupiter, known as the Capitolium. The forum was paved with travertine stone and only pedestrians were permitted in its precinct. Situated on an old site, it was largely rebuilt after 80 B.C. when Pompeii became a Roman colony. The forum was again in the process of rebuilding after the earthquake of 62 AD. It was buried under the eruption of Vesuvius seen in the distance in 79.

FORUM (VII,8)
The first monumental arrangement dates from the 2nd cent. BC, with a few buildings and the porticos with their double row of tufa columns, replaced with white limestone in the imperial age, when the site was repaved and buildings added on the east side where shops had previously stood. Located at the intersection between the two main streets of the original urban center, the Forum was the city's main square, where cart traffic was forbidden: it was surrounded on all sides by religious, political, and business buildings. In the 1st cent. AD the Forum highlighted the celebratory intention of the imperial house, where the monumental bases for commemorative statues were placed on the south side, in front of the city's administrative buildings, while those of illustrious citizens stood along the porticos : the sculptures have not been found, perhaps because they were removed by the people of Pompeii who returned after the eruption to take whatever they could. In the center of the western side stands an orators' tribune.

John Schou
jfkcomm.jpg
J.F.K. Commemorative 33 views3d image of John F. Kennedy stamped into half dollar.1 commentsSkyler
Mariniana_Diva.JPG
MARINIANA. Commemorative AR Antoninianus of Rome. Struck A.D.253 - 254 under Valerian I.126 viewsObverse: DIVAE MARINIANAE. Diademed and veiled bust of Mariniana, resting on crescent, facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Mariniana being borne to heaven seated on the back of a peacock flying right.
Diameter: 21mm | Weight: 2.18gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC V i : 6
RARE

Mariniana was the wife of Valerian I but it would seem that she must have died before he became emperor because all of her coins are posthumous commemoratives.
1 comments*Alex
Pagan_Commemorative_opt.jpg
MAXIMINUS II DAIA Quarter Nummis, Vagi 2955, Pagan Commemorative19 viewsOBV: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter seated left holding globe & sceptre
REV: VICTORIA AVGG, Victory advancing left with wreath & palm, officina letter to right, ANT in ex.
1.3g, 15mm

Minted at Antioch, 310-13 AD
Legatus
Maximinus_II_5_opt.JPG
MAXIMINUS II DAIA Quarter Nummis, Van Heesch 3, A, Pagan Commemorative48 viewsOBV: GENIO ANTIOCHENI, Tyche of Antioch seated facing on rocks, turreted and veiled, stalks of grain in right, river-god Orontes swimming below
REV: APOLLONI SANCTO, Apollo standing left, patera in right, lyre in left. A in right field, mintmark SMA
1.2g, 13mm

Struck at Antioch, 312 AD
Legatus
Maximinus_II_8.jpg
MAXIMINUS II DAIA Quarter Nummis, Van Heesch 3, A, Pagan Commemorative16 viewsOBVERSE: GENIO ANTIOCHENI, Tyche of Antioch seated facing on rocks, turreted and veiled, stalks of grain in right, river-god Orontes swimming below
REVERSE: APOLLONI SANCTO, Apollo standing left, patera in right, lyre in left. S in right field, mintmark SMA
1.2g, 13mm

Struck at Antioch, 312 AD
Legatus
CofLondonMedal9ArrivalofAlexandra.JPG
Medal 09. Entry of Princess Alexandra into the City of London.111 viewsObv: Bust of Alexandra ALEXANDRA
Rev: City of London welcomes Princess led by Prince of Wales; on left is Hyman and on right are Peace and Plenty WELCOME ALEXANDRA
Exergue: MAR: 1863 Separated by the Arms of the City of London
Signed: J.S. WYON SC./J.S. & A.B. WYON SC.
Mintage: 350
AE77.

This group of medals, commonly called The City of London Medals, constitutes a series struck by THE CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF LONDON to celebrate the accomplishment of their most notable public works, or to commemorate events of national and civic importance. The standard reference book, published in London, 1894, is NUMISMATA LONDINENSIA, which includes those medals issued from 1831 to 1893. In this wonderful book, the medals are photographed and the events prompting their issue are described in great detail by Charles Welch. Subsequent to the publication of Numismata Londinensia, several other medals have been issued by the Corporation of London. Those medals issued from 1831 to 1973 are described in Coins and Medals, November 1977, where their mintage figures are provided (most of the medals were struck in numbers between 350 and 450; a notable exception is the lead, glass enclosed piece commemorating the Removal of Temple Bar from the City of London, which is extremely rare). Descriptions and other interesting historical notes are included in excellent compendia published more recently. (see British Historical Medals by Laurence Brown, and British Commemorative Medals and their values by Christopher Eimer.)
(shamelessly stolen from historicalartmedals.com)


1 commentsLordBest
[901a]_NervaAntiochAE26.jpg
Nerva, 18 September 96 - 25 January 98 A.D., Antioch, Syria193 viewsBronze AE 26, BMC Syria, p. 182, 261, aVF, Antioch mint, weight 13.524g, maximum diameter 25.0mm, die axis 0o, Jan - Sep 97 A.D.; Obverse: IMP CAESAR NERVA AVG III COS, laureate head right; Reverse: large S C in wreath, D below; unbelievable portrait. Ex FORVM. Photo courtesy FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families
Nerva (96-98 A.D.)

David Wend

Introduction
Although short, the reign of Marcus Cocceius Nerva (A.D. 96-98) is pivotal. The first of Edward Gibbon's so-called "Five Good Emperors," Nerva is credited with beginning the practice of adopting his heir rather than selecting a blood relative. Claimed as an ancestor by all the emperors down to Severus Alexander, he has traditionally been regarded with much good will at the expense of his predecessor, Domitian.

Ancestry
Nerva could claim eminent ancestry on both sides of his family. On the paternal side, his great-grandfather, M. Cocceius Nerva, was consul in 36 B.C.; his grandfather, a distinguished jurist of the same name, accompanied Tiberius on his retirement to Capri in 26 A.D. On his mother's side an aunt, Rubellia Bassa, was the great-granddaughter of Tiberius. In addition, a great-uncle, L. Cocceius Nerva, played a part in the negotiations that secured a treaty between Octavian and Antony in 40 B.C

Early Career and Life under Domitian
Nerva was born on 8 November, 30 A.D. Little is known of his upbringing beyond the fact that he belonged to a senatorial family and pursued neither a military nor a public speaking career. On the other hand, he did hold various priesthoods and was a praetor-designate. More importantly, as praetor designate in 65, Nerva was instrumental in revealing the conspiracy of Piso against the emperor Nero.

As a result, he received triumphal ornaments and his statue was placed in the palace. Following Nero's fall in 68, Nerva must have realized that support of Vespasian and the Flavian cause was in his best interests. In 71 his loyalty was rewarded with a joint consulship with the emperor, the only time that Vespasian ever held the office without his son Titus. It was under the reign of Vespasian's other son, Domitian, that Nerva's political fortunes were ultimately determined, however. He shared the ordinary consulship with Domitian in 90, an honor that was perhaps the result of his alerting the emperor about the revolt of Antonius Saturninus, the governor of Upper Germany, in 89. Even so, like so many others of the senatorial class, Nerva came under scrutiny in the final years of Domitian's reign, when the emperor was unwilling to tolerate any criticism.

Whether or not Nerva was forced to withdraw from public life during Domitian's final years remains an open question. What is not in dispute is that he was named emperor on the same day that Domitian was assassinated in September, 96. Indeed, in some respects the accession was improbable, since it placed the Empire under the control of a feeble sexagenarian and long-time Flavian supporter with close ties to the unpopular Domitian. On the other hand, Nerva had proven to be a capable senator, one with political connections and an ability to negotiate. Moreover, he had no children, thereby ensuring that the state would not become his hereditary possession.

Imperial Initiatives
Upon taking office, Nerva made immediate changes. He ordered the palace of Domitian to be renamed the House of the People, while he himself resided at the Horti Sallustiani, the favorite residence of Vespasian. More significantly, he took an oath before the senate that he would refrain from executing its members. He also released those who had been imprisoned by Domitian and recalled exiles not found guilty of serious crimes. Nevertheless, Nerva still allowed the prosecution of informers by the senate, a measure that led to chaos, as everyone acted in his own interests while trying to settle scores with personal enemies.

In the area of economic administration Nerva, like Domitian, was keen on maintaining a balanced budget. In early 97, after appointing a commission of five consular senators to give advice on reducing expenditures, he proceeded to abolish many sacrifices, races, and games. Similarly, he allowed no gold or silver statues to be made of himself. Even so, there was some room for municipal expenditure. For the urban poor of Italy he granted allotments of land worth 60 million sesterces, and he exempted parents and their children from a 5% inheritance tax. He also made loans to Italian landowners on the condition that they pay interest of 5% to their municipality to support the children of needy families. These alimentary schemes were later extended by Trajan, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius.

Because he reigned only briefly, Nerva's public works were few. By early 98 he dedicated the forum that Domitian had built to connect the Forum of Augustus with the Forum of Peace. It became known as the Forum of Nerva, or the Forum Transitorium. Nerva also built granaries, made repairs to the Colosseum when the Tiber flooded, and continued the program of road building and repairs inaugurated under the Flavians. In addition, pantomime performances, supressed by Domitian, were restored.

In the military realm, Nerva established veterans' colonies in Africa, a practice that was continued by the emperor Trajan. Normal military privileges were continued and some auxiliary units assumed the epithet Nervia or Nerviana. We are not well informed beyond these details, and any military action that may have occurred while Nerva was emperor is known sketchy at best.

Nature of Nerva's Government
Nerva's major appointments favored men whom he knew and trusted, and who had long served and been rewarded by the Flavians. Typical was Sextus Julius Frontinus. A consul under Vespasian and governor of Britain twenty years earlier, Frontinus came out of retirement to become curator of the water supply, an office that had long been subject to abuse and mismanagement. He helped to put an end to the abuses and published a significant work on Rome's water supply, De aquis urbis Romae. As a reward for his service, Frontinus was named consul for the second time in 98. Similarly, the emperor's own amici were often senators with Flavian ties, men who, by virtue of their links to the previous regime, were valuable to Nerva for what they knew. Thus do we find the likes of A. Didius Gallus Fabricius Veiiento, one of Domitian's ill-reputed counselors, seated next to Nerva at an imperial dinner. Nerva was less willing to consult the Senate as a whole. In many cases he preferred the opinions of his own consilium, and was less submissive than many senators would have liked. This attitude may have been responsible for hostile discontent among several senators.

Mutiny of the Praetorians and the Adoption of Trajan
It was not long before the assassination of Domitian came to work against the new emperor. Dissatisfied that Domitian had not been deified after his death, the praetorian guards mutinied under Casperius Aelianus in October 97. Taking the emperor as hostage, they demanded that Nerva hand over Domitian's murderers. The emperor not only relented, but was forced to give a public speech of thanks to the mutineers for their actions. His authority compomised, Nerva used the occasion of a victory in Pannonia over the Germans in late October, 97 to announce the adoption of Marcus Ulpius Traianus, governor of Upper Germany, as his successor. The new Caesar was immediately acclaimed imperator and granted the tribunicia potestas. Nerva's public announcement of the adoption settled succession as fact; he allowed no time to oppose his decision. From the German victory, Nerva assumed the epithet Germanicus and conferred the title on Trajan as well. He also made Trajan his consular colleague in 98.

Death and Deification
On January 1, 98, the start of his fourth consulship, Nerva suffered a stroke during a private audience. Three weeks later he died at his villa in the Gardens of Sallust. From his headquarters at Cologne, Trajan insisted that Nerva's ashes be placed in the mausoleum of Augustus and asked the senate to vote on his deification. We are further told that he dedicated a temple to Nerva, yet no trace of it has ever been found. Nor was a commemorative series of coins issued for the Deified Nerva in the wake of his death, but only ten years later.

Conclusion
Nerva's reign was more concerned with the continuation of an existing political system than with the birth of a new age. Indeed, his economic policies, his relationship with the senate, and the men whom he chose to govern and to offer him advice all show signs of Flavian influence. In many respects, Nerva was the right man at the right time. His immediate accession following Domitian's murder prevented anarchy and civil war, while his age, poor health and moderate views were perfect attributes for a government that offered a bridge between Domitian's stormy reign and the emperorships of the stable rulers to follow.

Copyright (C) 1998, David Wend.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
filipi1-horz~0.jpg
Phillipi AE 15 Commemorative27 viewsVIC-AVG, Nike standing left holding wreath and palm branch.
COHOR-PRAE-PHIL, Three military standards.
BMC 23; Moushmov 6919, RPC I 1651.
2 commentsPedja R
filipi1-horz.jpg
Phillipi AE 15 Commemorative166 viewsThis coin was struck at the Roman colony of Philippi, near the site of the battle. The colony was formed by troops from both sides who settled there after the conflict. The coins picture winged Victory on one side and three Praetorian Standards on the other. The bronze coin is approximately 18-19mm in diameter. It is a bit unclear when the coin was struck. Some attribute it to Augustus, who won the battle and ruled Rome from 29BC to 14AD. Others feel it was issued by Claudius in 42AD to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the battle and to honor the Praetorian Guards of his time, who helped assure his ascension as Emperor. Either way it is a fascinating and important ancient Roman commemorative coin.Pedja R
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POLAND - 2010 Katyn Massacre Commemorative78 viewsPOLAND - 2010 2-Zloty, Aluminum-copper-zinc alloy. Commemorative coin '70th Anniversary of the Katyń Crime'.
Obverse: An image of the Eagle established as the State Emblem of the Republic of Poland. On the sides of the Eagle, the notation of the year of issue: 20 – 10. Below the Eagle, an inscription: ZŁ 2 ZŁ in the rim, an inscription: RZECZPOSPOLITA POLSKA, preceded and followed by six pearls. The Mint’s mark: M/W, under the Eagle’s left leg. Reverse: Centrally, an inscription: KATYŃ. Below, a stylized image of the military forage cap with the Polish military Eagle. At the top, a semicircular inscription: 70. ROCZNICA ZBRODNI KATYŃSKIEJ (70 TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE KATYN MASSACRE). Diameter – 27 mm, weight – 8.15 g., edge plain with the inscription, NBP, repeated eight times, every second one inverted by 180 degrees, separated by stars.
Put in circulation since April 8, 2010. Mintage: 1 000 000. The coin was struck at the National Bank of Poland.
In light of the recent tragedy of Poland losing her president and top leaders, this coin is sold out in Poland, I have been told.
On September 17, 1939 the Red Army invaded the territory of Poland from the east. This invasion took place while Poland had already sustained serious defeats in the wake of the German attack on the country that started on September 1, 1939; thus Soviets moved to safeguard their claims in accordance with the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact.
In the wake of the Red Army's quick advance that met little resistance, between 250 000 and 454 700 Polish soldiers had become prisoners and were interned by the Soviets. About 250 000 were set free by the army almost on the spot, while 125 000 were delivered to the internal security services (the NKVD).
The NKVD in turn quickly released 42 400 soldiers. The approximately 170 000 released were mostly soldiers of Ukrainian and Belarusian ethnicity serving in the Polish army. The 43 000 soldiers born in West Poland, now under German control, were transferred to the Germans. By November 19, 1939, NKVD had about 40 000 Polish POWs: about 8 500 officers and warrant officers, 6 500 police officers and 25 000 soldiers and NCOs who were still being held as POWs.
As early as September 19, 1939, the People's Commissar for Internal Affairs and First Rank Commissar of State Security, Lavrenty Beria, ordered the NKVD to create a Directorate for Prisoners of War to manage Polish prisoners. The NKVD took custody of Polish prisoners from the Red Army, and proceeded to organize a network of reception centers and transit camps and arrange rail transport to prisoner-of-war camps in the western USSR. The camps were located at Jukhnovo (Babynino rail station), Yuzhe (Talitsy), Kozelsk, Kozelshchyna, Oranki, Ostashkov (Stolbnyi Island on Seliger Lake near Ostashkov), Tyotkino rail station (90 km from Putyvl), Starobielsk, Vologda (Zaenikevo rail station) and Gryazovets.
The approximate distribution of men throughout the camps was as follows: Kozelsk – 5 000; Ostashkov – 6 570; and Starobelsk – 4 000. They totalled 15 570 men.
On March 5, 1940, pursuant to a note to Joseph Stalin from Lavrenty Beria, the members of the Soviet Politburo – Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Lazar Kaganovich, Mikhail Kalinin, Kliment Voroshilov, Anastas Mikoyan and Beria – signed an order to execute 25,700 Polish 'nationalists and counterrevolutionaries' kept at camps and prisons in occupied western Ukraine and Belarus.
Up to 99% of the remaining prisoners were subsequently murdered. People from Kozelsk were murdered in the usual mass murder site of Smolensk country, called Katyn forest; people from Starobilsk were murdered in the inner NKVD prison of Kharkiv and the bodies were buried near Pyatikhatki; and police officers from Ostashkov were murdered in the inner NKVD prison of Kalinin (Tver) and buried in Miednoje (Mednoye).
Estimates of the number of executed persons ranges from 15 000 to 21 768. Polish POWs and prisoners were murdered in Katyn forest, Kalinin (Tver) and Kharkiv prisons and elsewhere. About 8 000 of the victims were officers taken prisoner during the 1939 invasion of Poland, the rest being Polish citizens who had been arrested for allegedly being 'intelligence agents, gendarmes, spies, saboteurs, landowners, factory owners and officials'.
The term 'Katyn massacre' originally referred to the massacre, at Katyn Forest near villages of Katyn and Gnezdovo (about 12 miles (19 km) west of Smolensk, Russia), of Polish military officers confined at the Kozelsk prisoner-of-war camp. It is applied now also to the execution of prisoners of war held at Starobelsk and Ostashkov camps, and political prisoners in West Belarus and West Ukraine, shot on Stalin's orders at Katyn Forest, at the NKVD (Narodny Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del) Smolensk headquarters and at a slaughterhouse in the same city, as well as at prisons in Kalinin (Tver), Kharkiv, Moscow, and other Soviet cities.
The 1943 discovery of mass graves at Katyn Forest by Germany, after its armed forces had occupied the site in 1941, precipitated a rupture of diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and the Polish government-in-exile in London. The Soviet Union continued to deny responsibility for the massacres until 1990, when it acknowledged that the NKVD secret police had in fact committed the massacres and the subsequent cover-up. The Russian government has admitted Soviet responsibility for the massacres, although it does not classify them as war crimes or as acts of genocide, as this would have necessitated the prosecution of surviving perpetrators, which is what the Polish government has requested. It also does not classify the dead as the victims of Stalinist repressions, in effect barring their formal posthumous rehabilitation.
On 13 April 1990, the forty-seventh anniversary of the discovery of the mass graves, the USSR formally expressed 'profound regret' and admitted Soviet secret police responsibility.
That day is also an International Day of Katyn Victims Memorial (Światowy Dzień Pamięci Ofiar Katynia).
After Poles and Americans discovered further evidence in 1991 and 1992, Russian President Boris Yeltsin released and transferred to the new Polish president, former Solidarity leader Lech Wałęsa, top-secret documents from the sealed package no. 1.
In June 2008, Russian courts consented to hear a case about the declassification of documents about Katyn and the judicial rehabilitation of the victims. In an interview with a Polish newspaper, Vladimir Putin called Katyn a 'political crime'.
dpaul7
rome_conse_star_res.jpg
POP ROMANUS21 viewsTime of Constantine I
307 - 337 AD
Struck 330 AD
Commemorative issue struck in celebration of the foundation of Constantinople
13.3 x 13.9 mm, 0.99 g
O: POP ROMANVS, laureate draped bust of Genius of the Roman people left, cornucopiae on shoulder.
R: Large STAR; CONSE; all within laurel wreath.
Constantinople mint; RIC VIII:22 Scarce
laney
POP_ROMANVS.jpg
POP ROMANVS (People of Rome) Commemorative, 330 A.D.29 viewsAE4 , Constantinopolis, 330 A.D.,

Obverse : “POP ROMANVS”
Laureate and draped bust of the Genius of the Roman People left, cornucopia on left shoulder.
Reverse: Bridge with tower at each end, river beneath. "CONS / IA" between towers.

a VF , o.93 gr, 14 mm. RIC 21.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
Sam
Constantius I, Commemorative Rehash.jpg
Posthumous Constantius I- Siscia RIC 46111 viewsHalf-Follis

obv: DIVO PIO CONSTANTIO PRINC
Veiled head right.
rev: REQVIES OPT-IMOR MERIT
Emperor raising right hand, holding sceptre

SIS in exergue- Siscia

RIC VII 46- R5

This issue commemorates the death of Constantius I, Constantine the Great's father. It was issued under Constantine 317-318 in only. Scan doesn't do it justice, quite a nice hard green patina, without the gunk that presents itself in the pic.
1 commentswolfgang336
Constantine I Posthumous Quadriga.jpg
Posthumous issue- Heraclea 13158 viewsConstantine I Posthumous

obv: DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG, bust veiled left
rev: (No legend) Constantine on quadriga, reaching for hand of god.
SMH in exergue
RIC Heraclea 13, Rare

337-340

Extremely nice reverse.
wolfgang336
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Prussian Commemorative Medal for the Franco-Prussian War 1870-187138 viewsCross pattée, with rays between the arms, inscribed ‘1870 1871’ within a laurel wreath

Rx:

Crowned monogram of King Wilhelm
'Dem siegreichen Heere'
Circumscribed ‘Gott war mit uns Ihm sei die Ehre’

Edge: "Aus Erobertem Geschuetz" (Made from enemy Cannon.)

Will Hooton
_(KGrHqJ,!g4E7P9OcI2TBPEY3)uJsg~~60_12.jpg
ROMA Commermorative 33.3-334 ap.J-C32 viewsObv. VRBS ROMA, buste casqué et cuirassé à gauche.
Rev: louve allaitant Romulus and Remus, au-dessus de deux étoiles.
Marque d'atelier: SMHG
18mm.,2,62g .,patine vert foncee,Superbe SOLD

Heraclea
RIC VII 129 Urbs Roma commemorative AE3. 330-334 AD. VRBS ROMA, helmeted cuirassed bust of Roma left / she-wolf left, suckling Romulus and Remus, star-three vertical dots-star above, SMHe in ex.
_3205
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
roma-city-comm-25-euro.jpg
Roma City Commemorative (330-337 AD) AE3, Antioch mint26 viewsRoman Imperial, Roma City Commemorative (330-337 AD) AE3, Antioch mint

Obverse: VRBS ROMA, Helmeted head of Roma left, in imperial mantle, and ornamental necklace.

Reverse: No legend. She-wolf suckling Romulus and Remus, circle of dots on wolf's shoulder, two stars above. Mintmark SMANΘ.

Reference: RIC VII Antioch 91/113

Ex: Kayser-i Rum Numismatics +photo
1 commentsGil-galad
roma-she-wolf-reshoot.jpg
Roma City Commemorative AE3 Follis, 332-333 AD, Trier11 viewsRoma City Commemorative AE3 Follis, (332-333 AD), Trier, 18.6mm, 2.7g

Obverse: VRBS ROMA, Bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle and helmet.

Reverse: She-wolf standing left, suckling twins, two stars above. Mintmark: ?TRS

Reference: RIC VIII Trier 66
Gil-galad
roma-city-comm-06-24-2018.jpg
Roma City Commemorative AE3, (330-333 AD)12 viewsRoman Imperial, Roma City Commemorative AE3, (330-333 AD)

Obverse: VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle.

Reverse: Wolf standing left, suckling twins Romulus and Remus, two stars above, wreath on wolf's shoulder. Mintmark: SMTSƐ

Reference: RIC VII Thessalonica 187; Sear 16516; RIC R4 wreath on shoulder var

Ex: Lazar Lazo Trivunović
Gil-galad
Roman City Commemorative 335 AD.jpg
Roman City Commemorative, 335 A.D.43 viewsConstantine the Great and his sons issued small bronze coins commemorating the old capitol, Rome, and the new capitol, Constantinople, to symbolize the equality of the two cities and the new importance of Constantinople to the empire.
Bronze AE 3, RIC 230, VF, Thessalonica mint, 2.260g, 18.3mm, 180o, 335 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS, helmeted, laureate and mantled bust left holding scepter across shoulder; reverse Victory standing left on ship, holding scepter and resting hand on shield, SMTSD in ex;
1 commentsDumanyu2
ROME_-_CITY_COMMEM_CONSTANTINOPLE_TRdotP.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - City Commemorative - Constantinople13 viewsROMAN EMPIRE - City Commemorative - Constantinople. AE Follis, minted 332-333 AD. Obv.: Busrt left, laureate, helmeted, wearing imperial mantle, holding reversed spear (looks like sceptre). CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS Rev.: Victory on prow looks left, holding spear and shield. Mintmark TR [dot] P = Trier. Reference: RIC VII Trier 543dpaul7
08-1const.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - City Commemorative - Constantinople16 viewsROMAN EMPIRE - City Commemorative - Constantinople. AE Follis. Obv.: CONSTANTINOPOLI, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, sceptre over shoulder. Rev.: Victory standing left, foot on the prow of a ship, holding sceptre & leaning on shield, SMKΓ in exergue = Cyzicus mint. . Reference: RIC VII 92dpaul7
ROME_-_CITY_COMMEM_ROME_RBQ.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - City Commemorative - Rome18 viewsROMAN EMPIRE - City Commemorative - Rome. AE Follis, minted 330-331 AD. Obv.: Bust left, wearing helmet with plume, wearing imperial mantle. VRBS ROMA Rev.: She-wolf standing left, head turned right, suckling twins Romulus and Remus. 2 stars above. Flower on wolf's shoulder formed by circle of 6 dots with one dot in the centre. Mintmark: RBQ = Rome. Reference: RIC VII Rome 338 var (shoulder mark).dpaul7
roma commem.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - Roma Commemorative75 viewsURBS ROMA "She-wolf & twins" THREE DOTS -- Issued as part of the celebration of the two great cities within the empire, Rome and the new Rome, Constantinople." Obv: VRBS ROMA - Roma, helmeted bust right, wearing imperial mantle Rev: no legend - She-wolf and twins; above which are two stars divided by three vertical dots. Nicomedia mint: AD 330-335 = RIC VII #195 (R1), 2.85 g. dpaul7
URBS_ROMA_2.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - Roma Commemorative37 viewsROMAN EMPIRE - Roma Commemorative, URBS ROMA "She-wolf & twins" Issued as part of the celebration of the two great cities within the empire, Rome and the new Rome, Constantinople." Obv: VRBS ROMA - Roma, helmeted bust right, wearing imperial mantle Rev: no legend - She-wolf and twins; above which are two stars. "O" on Wolf's shoulder. Thessalonica mint, RIC VII Thessalonica 187.1 commentsdpaul7
CARUS_DIVO_Tetradrachm_Altar.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, CARUS. Commemorative Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria. Struck A.D.283 - 28413 viewsObverse: ΘEω KAPω CEB. Laureate head of Carus facing right.
Reverse: AΦIEPωCIC. Round, burning and garlanded altar on base, star in upper left field.
GICV : 4777 | Emmett 3995.

This coin is an undated posthumous type struck under Carinus and Numerian and bearing the legend AΦIEPωCIC, one of the most interesting features of the Alexandrian coinage of Marcus Aurelius Carus.
*Alex
022-3-horz~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Antoninus Pius, Commemorative AR Denarius, RIC 438106 viewsAD138 – 161 a posthumous issue
Rome Mint 161-180 AD (under Marcus Aurelius)
2.65 grams
Obv.: DIVVS ANTONINVS Bare head right
Rev.: CONSECRATIO Funeral pyre of four tiers, surmounted by quadriga.
Richard M10
Antoninus_Pius_Divus_statue~0.JPG
Roman Empire, ANTONINUS PIUS. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome. Struck A.D.161 - 164 under Marcus Aurelius21 viewsObverse: DIVVS ANTONIN'S. Bare head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Reverse: DIVO PIO. Seated statue of Antoninus Pius holding branch and sceptre, facing left.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 3.2gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC III : 442 | VM : 137/1 | Sear : 5194
1 comments*Alex
Antoninus_Pius_Divus_altar.JPG
Roman Empire, ANTONINUS PIUS. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome. Struck A.D.161 - 164 under Marcus Aurelius.10 viewsObverse: DIVVS ANTONINVS. Bare head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Reverse: DIVO PIO. Altar-enclosure, with double panelled door and horns visible above.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 3.1gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC III : 441 | VM : 137/3 | Sear : 5196
*Alex
Antoninus_Pius_Divus_Eagle~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, ANTONINUS PIUS. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome. Struck A.D.161 under Marcus Aurelius11 viewsObverse: DIVVS ANTONINVS. Bare headed and draped bust of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle standing facing right, head left, on garlanded altar.
RIC III : 431
*Alex
009~0.JPG
Roman Empire, Augustus, Posthumous As271 viewsDivus Augustus Æ As. Commemorative by Tiberius. DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, radiate head left / Eagle standing on globe facing, wings spread, head right, S C at sides. RIC 82


Click and enlarge for better photo
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
moneta 603 large.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative AE3/4, Lyons63 viewsobv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS. Helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, holding sceptre.
rev: Victory standing left, foot on prow, holding sceptre and leaning on shield.
exergue: dot PLG
Struck 330-331 A.D. at Lyons, France
RIC VII 246 (R2)
Van Meter 1
1 commentsJericho
bpC1B1Constantinople.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, CONSTANTINOPOLIS43 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLI
Helmeted and cuirassed bust, left.
Rev: Anepigraphic
Victory standing left, right foot on prow, holding sceptre and leaning on shield.
2.4 gm 17.8 gm Mark: CONSZ•
RIC VII Constantinople, 79 R1.
Massanutten
bpC1B5Constantinople.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, CONSTANTINOPOLIS38 viewsObv: Constantinopoli
Helmeted and cuirassed bust, left.
Rev: Anepigraphic
Victory standing left, right foot on prow, holding sceptre and leaning on shield.
2.8 gm, 18.5 mm, Mark: SMTSΔ
RIC VII Thessalonica 188, C3.
Massanutten
bpC1B8Constantinople.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, CONSTANTINOPOLIS39 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS
Helmeted and cuirassed bust, left.
Rev: Anepigraphic
Victory standing left, right foot on prow, holding sceptre and leaning on shield.
2.3 gm, 17.3 mm, Mark: •BSIS•
RIC VII Siscia 241, C3.
Massanutten
11zusa.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, CONSTANTINOPOLIS30 viewsNumis-Student
moneta 126.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, Constantinopolis - RIC VII 12096 viewsCity Commemorative AE3
obv: CONSTANTINOPOLI. Helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, holding sceptre.
rev: Victory standing left, foot on prow, holding sceptre and leaning on shield.
exergue: dot SMH delta
Struck 330-333 A.D. at Heraclea
RIC VII 120b (R2)
Van Meter 1
2 commentsJericho
bot4.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, Constantinopolis AE3158 views337-340 AD, Alexandria mint.
Obv.: CONSTANTINOPOLIS - Helmeted and mantled bust of Constantinopolis left, holding reversed spear over shoulder.
Rev.: Victory standing prow, holding sceptre and leaning on shield. SMALA in exergue.
RIC 17.
7 commentsMinos
Constantinopolis_PLG.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, CONSTANTINOPOLIS AE3 ISSUE of Lugdunum. Struck A.D.335 under Constantine I. 56 viewsObverse: CONSTANTINOPOLIS. Laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis wearing imperial mantle facing left and holding sceptre over left shoulder.
Reverse: No legend. Victory standing facing left, right foot on prow, holding sceptre and shield; in exergue, PLG.
RIC VII : 241 | Weight: 2.4gms
RARE
1 comments*Alex
FORVM_Constantinople_Commemorative_Aquileia_mint_Rare.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, CONSTANTINOPOLIS, 334 -335 A.D. Aquileia mint18 viewsCity of Constantinople Commemorative, 334 -335 A.D. Aquileia mint. Bronze AE 3, 1.780g, 18.5mm, 0o, VF, 335 - 337 A.D. Obv: Constantinopolis' helmeted bust left in imperial cloak and holding scepter across left shoulder; CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS. Rev: Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right, resting left on grounded shield, F left, AQ[ ] in ex. Ref: RIC 137. RAREBard Gram O
Roman_Imperial_RIC543.jpg
Roman Empire, City Commemorative, Constantinopolis, RIC-543198 viewsConstantine I the Great (307-337) Commemorative Series Follis, Treveri (RIC-543)
Obv: Laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis facing left. Legend around - CONSTANTINOPOLIS
Rev: Victory standing left on prow, holding spear and resting on shield. Legend below - TR • S
1 commentsSpongeBob
152~1.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, Constantinopolis, Struck at Arelate (SCONST)67 viewsObv: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS
Rev: Victory on Prow, Holding Scepter,
Chi-Rho in Left Field
RIC VII 401
Laetvs
Constantine_RIC_VII-401.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, Constantinopolis, Struck at Arles (RIC VII 401)80 viewsObv.: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS; Laureate, helmeted bust of Constantinople left, wearing imperial mantle, holding scepter.
Rev.: Victory standing on prow, holding long scepter in right hand, resting left hand on shield; ☧ (Chi-Rho) in left field; SCONST in exergue
Quant.Geek
135.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, Constantinopolis, Struck at Trier (TR dot P)71 viewsObv: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS
Rev: Victory on Prow, Holding Scepter
RIC VII 543
Laetvs
144.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, Constantinopolis, Struck in Alexandria (SMAL delta)64 viewsObv: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS
Rev: Victory on Prow, Holding Scepter,
S and R in Fields
RIC VIII 9
Laetvs
Commemorative_AE4_POP_ROM_Star.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, POP ROMANUS, AE4 of Constantinople. Struck A.D.341 - 346 under Constantius II28 viewsObverse: POP ROMANVS. Laureate and draped bust of the Genius of the Roman people facing left, cornucopiae over left shoulder.
Reverse: No legend. Star with CONSB below, all within wreath.
RIC VIII : 22
*Alex
persecute.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, Time of Maximinus II, AE16, 310-313 AD39 viewsTime of Maximinus II Æ16. 'Persecution Issue'. Antioch, AD 310-313.
Obverse: GENIO ANTIOCHENI, Tyche seated facing, river-god Orontes swimming below.
Reverse: APOLLONI SANCTO, Apollo standing left, holding patera and lyre; B in right field; SMA in exergue.
Vagi 2954; Failmezger 229. 1.43g, 15mm, 1h. Rare.
From the Glücksburg Collection. Roma Numismatics esale 5 lot 871
chance v
99A.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, Time of Maximinus II. AD 310-313. Æ (16mm, 1.60 g,). ‘Persecution’ issue. 67 viewsTime of Maximinus II. AD 310-313. Æ (16mm, 1.60 g,). ‘Persecution’ issue. Antioch mint, 6th officina. Jupiter seated left on throne, holding globe and scepter / Victory advancing left, holding wreath in outstretched hand; Z in right field (= officina 6) . Van Heesch, Last, 2.

J. van Heesch has provided the latest chronology for these anonymous civic bronzes of the fourth century AD. An active campaign of persecution against local Christians, abetted by Maximinus II, reached its height in Nicomedia, Antioch, and Alexandria. Churches were closed and property was seized from Christians who were expelled from many cities. These three major mint cities struck a series of small bronzes honoring the old Greco-Roman gods, Jupiter, Apollo, Tyche, and Serapis being among them. The persecutions subsided in AD 313, possibly as a result of concerns expressed by Constantine and Licinius, the emperors in the west.
1 commentsAdrian W
URBS.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, URBS ROMA7 viewsTrier mint, 333-334 AD
VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle, holding sceptre over shoulder
She-wolf standing left, suckling twins, palm branch between two stars above. Mintmark TRS
RIC 561
Nicolas B
vrbssmala.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, URBS ROMA - SMALA86 viewsRIC VII Alexandria 63
2 commentsblack-prophet
4YjDLz6WiNC9Ry7G5qSq4f2Ag3JPZb.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, URBS ROMA, 330-333 AD.51 viewsConstantine I commemorative issue
VRBS ROMA A.D. 330-333
17x18mm 2.1gm
Obv. VRBS-ROMA [City of Rome] Roma, helmeted, wearing imperial cloak.
Rev. She-wolf left with twins (Romulus and Remus); above, two stars.
RIC VII (Siscia) 240
chance v
17__Bronze_à_la_louve.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, URBS ROMA, AD 306-337153 views- Petit bronze, Constantin I, Trèves, 306-337 (Bronze) 20
Avers : Buste casqué et cuirassé de Rome à gauche. VRBS - ROMA.
Revers : La Louve à gauche allaitant Rémus et Romulus. Au-dessus, les deux étoiles des Dioscures (les Gémeaux, Castor et Pollux). TRS.
Roger D2
bpC1E1Barbarous.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA, Barbarous123 viewsObv: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted and cuiirassed bust, left
Rev: Anepigraphic
She-wolf standing, left, suckling Romulus and Remus. Two stars above.
1.4 gm 14.5 mm Mark: • in crescent PLG•
RIC: N/A
Comment: Attributed by Adrian Marsden to a production site suspected to be somewhere in Britian and known for it's high quality imitations. Mimics the style of the reduced weight issues of Arles while carryind a fabricated mintmark of Lugdunum (Lyons).
Massanutten
bpC1F1Brockage.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA, Brockage107 viewsObv: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted and cuirassed bust, left.
Rev: Inverted and incused copy of the obverse.
RIC: N/A
Comment: According to the seller coin was "Found at Saham Breck". Attributed by Adrian Marsden to Treveri (Trier) with the likely mintmark of either TR•S or TRS• (same workshop as first coin shown here). This brockage resulted from a coin getting stuck in the active die and it's obverse surface accidently being used as a die in itself.
1 commentsMassanutten
brockage.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, Urbs Roma, Brockage 131 viewsBrockage. I guess it was minted in Lugdunum(Lyons) or Treveri (Trier). What is your opinion?
XLi
Roman_Imperial_RIC240.jpg
Roman Empire, City Commemorative, Urbs Roma, Follis, Siscia (RIC-240)310 viewsObv: Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Roma facing left. Legend around - VRBS ROMA
Rev: Lupa Romana standing left, suckling twins Romulus and Remus; two stars above. Legend below - • ASIS •

From the Nether Compton hoard

4 commentsSpongeBob
Treveri_(Trier)_mint~0.jpg
Roman Empire, City Commemorative, Urbs Roma, Follis, Trier145 viewsCommemorative Series. AD 330-354. Æ Follis (17mm, 2.61 g, 6h).
Treveri (Trier) mint, 2nd officina. Struck under Constantine I, AD 332-333. Helmeted and mantled bust of Roma left / She-wolf standing left, head right, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus; two stars above; TR•S. RIC VII 542; LRBC 65. EF, gray-brown patina.

From the collection of the MoneyMuseum, Zurich. Ex Münz Zentrum Köln 104 (6 September 2000), lot 613.
1 commentsLeo
Constantine__________The_Great__or_______Constantine_I.jpg
Roman Empire, City Commemorative, Urbs Roma, Issued 330-346 AD, bronze122 viewsObverse: Helmeted bust of Roma to left.
Reverse: She Wolf suckles Romulus and Remus,•SMKB in exergue.
17.4 mm, 2.52 grs
Cyzicus mint, 335 - 337 A.D
References : RIC VII 105
Sam Mansourati Collection
Sam
bpC1C1TwoSoldiers.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA, Two Soldiers70 viewsObv: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted and cuirassed bust, left.
Rev: GLORIA EXERCITVS
Two soldiers standing to either side of single standard.
1.7 gm 14 mm Mark: CONSZ
RIC VII Constantinople, 143 R3.
Comment: Official mule produced to meet coin shortage.
Massanutten
bpC1C5TwoSoldiers.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA, Two Soldiers42 viewsObv: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted and cuirassed bust, left.
Rev: GLORIA EXERCITVS
Two soldiers on either side of single standard.
1.7 gm, 13.5 mm, Mark: n/a
Massanutten
bpC1D1Votive.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA, VOTIVE44 viewsObv: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted and cuirassed bust, left.
Rev: VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX
Inscription in four lines within wreath.
1.3 gm 14.5 mm Mark: (obliterated)
Sear 3897
Comment: Official mule produced to meet coin shortage.
Massanutten
VRBS-ROMA.jpg
Roman Empire, City Commemorative, Urbs Roma, VRBS ROMA108 viewsAnonymous AE Follis
VRBS ROMA - Roma helmeted, wearing imperial mantle
No reverse legend - She wolf suckling Romulus and Remus, wolf right
SMAN Theta mint mark, Antioch mint (330-335 AD)
RIC VII Antioch 91/113

Stunning EF coin, nicest I have ever seen. Bust is sharp, reverse has incredible details on the wolf, and wonderful facial details on Romulus and Remus. Flan is problem free with no flan cracks.
2 commentsHolding_History
VRBS_ROMA_Trier_mint~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, Urbs Roma, VRBS ROMA Trier mint 420 viewsTR•S

2.32 g, 16.5 x 17.4 mm.
RIC VII:542 for Trier. Minted 332-333 AD.
OBv.: Roma left, VRBS ROMA.
REV.: Wolf suckling Romulus and Remus, TR•S in exergue.
2 commentsXLi
normal_rjb_wolf2_01_05~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, Urbs Roma, VRBS ROMA Wolf and Twins AE3676 viewsObverse: VRBS-ROMA Helmeted hear of Roma left
Reverse: Wolf and Twins left, branch between two stars above
Exergue: TRP
Mint: Trier
Attribution: RIC VII Trier 561
Rarity: C3
A common coin but one that I'm fond of.
Mauseus
5 commentsmauseus
bpC1A1UrbsRoma.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA. 95 viewsObv: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted and cuirassed bust, left.
Rev: Anepigraphic
She-wolf standing, left, suckling Romulus and Remus. Two stars above.
2.4 gm 17.8 mm Mark: TR•S
RIC VII Treveri, 542 C3
Massanutten
bpC1A5UrbsRoma.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA. 52 viewsObv: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted and cuirassed bust, left.
Rev: Anepigraphic
She-wolf standing left, suckling Romulus and Remus. Two stars above.
2.2 gm, 18.4 mm, Mark: •••/ /SMNΓ
RIC VII Nicomedia 195, R1.
Massanutten
bpC1A3UrbsRoma.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA. 59 viewsObv: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted and cuirassed bust left.
Rev: Anepigraphic
She-wolf standing left, suckling Romulus and Remus. Two stars above.
2.5 gm, 17 mm, Mark: TRS•
RIC VII Treveri 529, C3
Comment: Restored from uncleaned lot.
Massanutten
urbsroma.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA. 33 views3 commentsancientcoin
URBS.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA. 26 viewsFollis VRBS ROMA. Atelier de Trêves, 2ème officine. RIC 561.
Avers: VRBS ROMA. Buste casqué et cuirassé de Rome à gauche
Revers: TRS. La louve à gauche, allaitant Romulus et Rémus ; au-dessus, les deux étoiles des Dioscures, palme penchée à droite
1 commentsKenobi O
const1.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA. Mint: Siscia24 viewsType: Follis
Date: 281
Metal: Billon
Mint: Siscia
Weight: 2,41 g
Diameter: 17,5 mm
RIC VII 240
Obverse: VRBS ROMA
helmeted bust of Roma left
Reverse: SIS
She-wolf suckling Romulus and Remus
Hadrian63
16zusa.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, VRBS ROMA16 viewsNumis-Student
15zusa.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, VRBS ROMA13 viewsNumis-Student
City_of_Rome_Commemorative_335_-_337.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, VRBS ROMA, AD 335 - 337, Arles mint. 54 viewsCity of Rome Commemorative, 335 - 337. Arles mint. Bronze AE 3, 2.343g, 17,7 mm. VF. Obv: helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle, VRBS ROMA. Rev: Romulus and Remus suckling from she-wolf. Two stars above. Ex: PCONST. Ref: RIC 368. RARE1 commentsBard Gram O
rma.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, VRBS ROMA, c.335 AD, helmeted Roma - Suckling Wolf71 viewsCity Commemorative, AE18. Obv: VRBS ROMA, helmeted head of Roma left, in imperial cloak, and ornamental necklace.
Rev: She-wolf suckling Romulus and Remus, two stars above, circle on wolf's shoulder. Mintmark: SMANS
1 commentssuperflex
00552~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, VRBS ROMA, Wolf and twins.60 views
RIC 257, AE3, Lugdunum, 332 AD.
Obv: VRBS ROMA Bust of Roma left wearing visored, plumed & crested
helmet and ornamental mantle.
Rev: Wolf and twins. Dot in cresent PLG in exe.
Size: 17.2mm 2.32gm
MaynardGee
vrbs.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, VRBS ROMA/CONSTANTINOPOLIS mule18 viewsNumis-Student
CLAUDIUS_II_DIVO_USTRINUM.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS. Commemorative AE Antoninianus of Cyzicus. Struck A.D.270 - 271, probably under Aurelian16 viewsObverse: DIVO CLAVDIO. Radiate head of Claudius II Gothicus facing right, three pellets below.
Reverse: CONSACRATIO. Ustrinum or pyre of three storeys, arch in lowest storey, uppermost storey flanked by two statues, flames (or perhaps an eagle) rising from summit.
Diameter: 21mm | Weight: 2.9gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC V : 267
RARE
*Alex
gothico~0.jpg
Roman Empire, CLAUDIUS II Gothicus. Commemorative AE Posthumous Antoninianus of Mediolanum, struck 270 - 271.486 viewsDivus Claudius Gothicus
Obv: DIVO CLAVDIO GOTHICO
Radiate head right,
Rev: CONSECRATIO
Altar, with flame above, divided in four squares with a dot inside of each square.
Base Antoninianus, traces of silvering (3.09g).
RIC Milan 264; Normanby 1141; Cunetio 2317; [Online RIC temp. #1272].
Quite possibly the finest known!
5 commentsOldMoney
CLAUDIUS_II_DIVO_CONSTANTINE~0.JPG
Roman Empire, CLAUDIUS II Gothicus. Commemorative AE3 of Thessalonika. Struck A.D.317 - 318 under Constantine I. 34 viewsObverse: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP. Laureate and veiled head of Claudius facing right.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM. Claudius seated facing left on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre in left; in exergue, •TS•Γ•.
RIC VII : 26 (r5)
EXTREMELY RARE
*Alex
urbs_roma_pikku.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative Urbs Roma43 viewsAes, folles, 334-335 AD
obv. VRBS-ROMA,
l. helmeted, wearing imperial cloak
rev. -
She-wolf left with Romulus and Remus and two stars
exe: dot gamma SIS dot (Siscia)
Ref.: RIC VII 240 SISCIA
Rarity: C3 (common)
4 commentsJaniO
15405.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative URBS ROMA / She Wolf and Twins 104 viewsAttribution: RIC 257 (RIC VII)

Mint: Lyons

Date: 332 AD

Obverse: VRBS ROMA, Helmeted and cuirassed bust left

Reverse: She-wolf and twins, 2 stars above, (crescent) PLC in exergue

Size: 16.56mm

Weight: 2.1 grams
2 commentsAnemicOak
vrbsconse.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative VRBS ROMA - CONSE•48 viewsAttribution-RIC VII Constantinople 78
Ex.CONSepsilon-dot
black-prophet
vrbsgammaSIS.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative VRBS ROMA - gamma SIS40 viewsRIC VII Siscia 222black-prophet
vrbsrsis~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative VRBS ROMA - gammaSIS51 viewsATTRIBUTION-RIC VII Siscia 222
OBV. VRBS-ROMA
REV.-N.A.
Ex.gamma SIS
black-prophet
vrbssmkdelta.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative VRBS ROMA - SMKdelta54 viewsAttribution-RIC VII Cyzicus 91
Ex.SMKdelta
black-prophet
VrbsCyzDelta.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative VRBS ROMA - SMKdelta48 viewsRIC VII Cyzicus 90black-prophet
vrbssmngamma.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative VRBS ROMA - SMNgamma64 viewsAttribution-RIC VII Nicomedia 195
Field mark-2 stars and 3 vertical dots
Ex.SMNgamma
black-prophet
VRBS-SMTSE2.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative VRBS ROMA - SMTS epsilon45 viewsRIC VII Thessalonica 187
Common type but nicely struck and patinaed-also has well defined shoulder design
black-prophet
smtse2.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative VRBS ROMA - SMTSepsilon48 views1 commentsblack-prophet
vrbssis.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative VRBS ROMA - •ΓSIS•60 viewsRIC VII Siscia 2402 commentsblack-prophet
vrbsdotASISdot.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative VRBS ROMA - •ASIS•29 viewsRIC VII Siscia 240black-prophet
vrbssmano.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative VRBS ROMA -SMAN (theta)35 viewsRIC VII Antioch 113black-prophet
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ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Commemorative AE3- Wolf and Twins4 viewsConstantine I AE3 Commemorative - Wolf and Twins-SMK delta RIC VII 90 Cyzicus Mint. this coin was one of my cleaning projects that turned out pretty good.

jessvc1
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ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Posthumous commemorative AE3/44 viewsDivus Constantine AE3/4. 347-348 AD. DV CONSTANTINVS P T AVGG, veiled head right / VN-MR to either side of Constantine, standing right, togate & veiled, 1G, 14MM

jessvc1
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Roman Empire, CONSTANTINE I, Posthumous Commemorative AE4 of Antioch. Struck A.D.347 - 348 under Constantius II23 viewsObverse: DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG. Veiled head of Constantine facing right.
Reverse: Constantine I, veiled and togate, standing facing right; across field, VN - MR; in exergue, SMANE.
RIC VIII : 112
*Alex
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ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Posthumous commemorative, Arelate (SCON)71 viewsPosthumous Commemorative
Obv: DIVOCONS-(TANTINO)
Reverse: Emperor Standing with Globe,
AETERNA PIETAS
RIC VIII 41
2 commentsLaetvs
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ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Posthumous Commemorative, Alexandria - RIC VII 32141 viewsConstantine I Posthumous AE4
obv: DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG. Head of Constantine, veiled, right.
rev: VN MR. Constantine, veiled, standing between VN/MR.
exergue: SMAL delta
Struck 347-348 A.D. at Alexandria
RIC VII 32d
Ex: Lord Best
1 commentsJericho
Constantine_commemorative~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Posthumous Commemorative, Hand of god401 viewsConstantine I the Great Posthumous death commemorative coin
Obverse: Constantine veiled
Reverse: Constantine riding quadriga reaching up towards the hand of God, star above.
Beautiful rainbow iridescent toning
Great detail and very clean surface.
10 commentsmihali84
moneta 299 best.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Posthumous Commemorative, Nicomedia - RIC VII 1851 viewsConstantine I Posthumous AE4
obv: DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG. Head of Constantine, veiled, right
rev: Constantine veiled in a quadriga right, with the hand of god extending from sky to receive him.
exergue: SMN gamma
Struck 337-340 A.D. at Nicomedia
RIC VII 18
Van Meter 95
Jericho
Constantine I City Commemorative RIC Lyons 252 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, RIC Lyon 25282 viewsConstantine I
AE3
Lugdunum Mint. 330-337.
Obv: VRBS ROMA - Helmeted bust of Roma left.
Rev: [anepigraphic] - She-wolf suckling Romulus and Remus.
Exergue: (crescent)PLG
Ref: RIC Lyons 252
seraphic
Constantine I City Commemorative RIC Trier 542 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, RIC Trier 54265 viewsConstantine I
AE3
Trier Mint. 330-341 A.D.
Obv: VRBS ROMA - Helmeted bust of Roma left.
Rev: [anepigraphic] - She-wolf suckling Romulus and Remus.Two stars above.
Exergue: TR(dot)S
Ref: RIC Trier 542. VM 2.
1 commentsseraphic
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ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantinopolis Commemorative 23 viewsAE 3 CONSTAN -TINOPOLI helmeted bust of a personification of the city / Victory (winged female) standing on the prow of a ship. S 3790Mike C
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ROMAN EMPIRE, CONSTANTIUS I. Commemorative AE Follis of Aquileia. Struck A.D.307 - 308 under Maxentius. 44 viewsObverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO AVG. Veiled head of Constantius I facing right.
Reverse: MEMORIA DIVI CONSTANTI. Large altar, doors embellished with handles in the shape of a ring held in the mouth of a lion (?), surmounted by eagle with wings spread standing facing, head turned to left and holding wreath in its beak; in exergue, AQS.
RIC VI : 127 Weight 5.3gms.
Scarce.
*Alex
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ROMAN EMPIRE, CONSTANTIUS I. Commemorative AE Follis of Treveri (Trier) Struck A.D.307 - 308 under Constantine I. 43 viewsObverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO. Laureate and veiled bust of Constantius I facing right.
Reverse: MEMORIA FELIX. Lighted and garlanded altar with eagle on either side; in exergue, PTR.
RIC VI : 789.
*Alex
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ROMAN EMPIRE, CONSTANTIUS I. Commemorative AE4 of Rome. Struck A.D.317 - 318 under Constantine I. 45 viewsObverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINC. Laureate and veiled head of Constantius facing right.
Reverse: MEMORIAE AETERNAE. Eagle standing, head left; in exergue, RP.
RIC VII : 111
VERY RARE
*Alex
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ROMAN EMPIRE, FAUSTINA II (JUNIOR). Commemorative denarius of Rome. Struck A.D.176-180 under Marcus Aurelius12 viewsObverse: DIVA FAVSTINA PIA. Draped bust of Faustina Junior facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Peacock standing facing right.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 3.2grms | Die Axis: 12
RIC III : 744

Annia Galeria Faustina was the youngest daughter of Antoninus Pius and Faustina Senior. She married Marcus Aurelius in A.D.145 and was given the title of Augusta on the birth of her first child in A.D.146. She went on to have several more children, one of whom was the future emperor Commodus. In A.D.175 Faustina accompanied Marcus Aurelius on his journey to the East but she died at Halala, a village at the foot of the Taurus Mountains.
1 comments*Alex
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ROMAN EMPIRE, FAUSTINA SENIOR Commemorative Æ As.RIC 11798 viewsFAUSTINA SENIOR
Commemorative Æ As. Rev. AVGVSTA S C, Vesta standing left holding palladium and sceptre. RIC 1179
jessvc1
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Roman Empire, GALERIUS. Commemorative AE Follis of Siscia. Struck A.D.312 under Licinius13 viewsObverse: DIVO GAL VAL MAXIMIANO. Veiled head of Galerius facing right.
Reverse: FORTI FORTVNAE. Fortuna standing facing left holding rudder on globe and cornucopiae, wheel behind at her feet; in right field, star on crescent over B; in exergue, SIS.
Weight: 4.75gms
RIC VI : 226
RARE
1 comments*Alex
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Roman Empire, GALERIUS. Commemorative AE Follis of Thessalonica. Struck A.D.311 under Licinius9 viewsObverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO. Veiled head of Galerius facing right.
Reverse: MEM DIVI MAXIMIANI. Eagle surmounting domed shrine with closed doors; in right field, A; in exergue, •SM•TS•.
RIC VI : 48
EXTREMELY RARE
*Alex
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ROMAN EMPIRE, HADRIAN. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome. Struck A.D.139 under Antoninus Pius20 viewsObverse: DIVVS HADRIANVS AVG. Bare head of Hadrian facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle standing facing on globe, head turned left.
RIC II : 389b
VERY RARE
2 comments*Alex
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ROMAN EMPIRE, Helena, The mother of Constantine the Great 330 A.D.9 viewsHELENA . mother of Constantine The Great. 330 A.D. Fourth Bronze (16mm, 2gms), posthumous commemorative minted c. 337-340 ADjessvc1
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Roman Empire, MARCUS AURELIUS. Commemorative AR denarius of Rome. Struck A.D.180 under Commodus12 viewsObverse: DIVVS M ANTONINVS PIVS. Bare head of Marcus Aurelius facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle facing left, head turned right, standing on bar.
RIC III : 266
Ex Harlan J Berk. Ex D. Clark Collection. This coin is featured on Wildwinds.
SCARCE
1 comments*Alex
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ROMAN EMPIRE, MARINIANA. Commemorative AR Antoninianus of Rome. Struck A.D.253 - 254 under Valerian I16 viewsObverse: DIVAE MARINIANAE. Diademed and veiled bust of Mariniana, resting on crescent, facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Mariniana being borne to heaven seated on the back of a peacock flying right.
Diameter: 21mm | Weight: 2.18gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC V i : 6
RARE

Mariniana was the wife of Valerian I but it would seem that she must have died before he became emperor because all of her coins are posthumous commemoratives.
*Alex
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Roman Empire, MAXIMIANUS. Commemorative Follis of Ostia. Struck A.D.310 - 312 under Maxentius18 viewsObverse: IMP MAXENTIVS DIVO MAXIMIANO PATRI. Veiled head of Maximianus facing right.
Reverse: AETERNA MEMORIA. Temple with domed roof surmounted by eagle, right door ajar; in exergue, MOSTS.
Weight: 5.2gms
RIC VI : 26
RARE

The temple depicted on the reverse of this coin is in all probability the Temple of Divus Romulus begun by Maxentius around A.D.311 but left unfinished on his death in A.D.312.
*Alex
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ROMAN EMPIRE, NUMERIAN. Commemorative AE Antoninianus of Rome. Struck A.D.284 - 285 under Carinus15 viewsObverse: DIVO NVMERIANO. Radiate head of Numerian facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle standing facing, head left; in exergue, KAA.
RIC V ii : 424
RARE

Though mis-rated as common by Cohen and RIC, antoninianii of Divus Numerian are in fact quite rare: there were only 15 of his antoninianii of all types in the Venera hoard, as compared to 25 antoninianii of the 'very rare' Divus Nigrinian. - source HJB
*Alex
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Roman Empire, SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome. Struck A.D.211 under Caracalla and Geta. 34 viewsObverse: DIVO SEVERO PIO. Bare head of Septimius Severus facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Ustrinum of five storeys, plaque or door on second level, apex surmounted by emperor in facing quadriga. Engraver's variant with drapery hung across base and upper tiers.
RIC IV i : 191f (Caracalla) | RSC : 89
RARE
*Alex
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Roman Empire, SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome. Struck A.D.211 under Caracalla and Geta.49 viewsObverse: DIVO SEVERO PIO. Bare head of Septimius Severus facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle standing facing on globe, head facing left.
RIC IV i : 191c (Caracalla) | RCV II : 7051
SCARCE
4 comments*Alex
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ROMAN EMPIRE, VALERIAN II CAESAR. Commemorative AR Antoninianus of Lugdunum. Struck A.D.255 - 256 under Gallienus9 viewsObverse: DIVO VALERIANO CAES. Radiate and draped bust of Valerian II facing right.
Reverse: CONSACRATIO. Valerian II being borne to heaven seated on the back of an eagle flying right.
Diameter: 20mm | Weight: 2.4gms | Die Axis: 2
RIC V i : 9
*Alex
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ROMAN EMPIRE, Vespasian. AD 69-79. Æ Sestertius. “Judaea Capta” commemorative. Rome mint. Struck AD 7157 viewsVespasian. AD 69-79. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 22.5 g,). “Judaea Capta” commemorative. Rome mint. Struck AD 71. IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III, laureate head right / IVDAEA CAPTA, palm tree; to left, Vespasian standing right, with left foot set on helmet, holding vertical spear in right hand and cradling parazonium in left arm; to right, Jewess seated right on cuirass, propping her head on her left hand in attitude of mourning; S C in exergue.
RIC II 427; Hendin 1543 (Lyon); BMCRE 543-4; BN 498

Judaea Capta coins (also spelled Judea Capta) were a series of commemorative coins originally issued by the Roman Emperor Vespasian to celebrate the capture of Judaea and the destruction of the Jewish Second Temple by his son Titus in 70 AD during the First Jewish Revolt. There are several variants of the coinage. The reverse of the coins shows a female (representing Jerusalem?) seated right in an attitude of mourning at the base of a palm tree, with either a captive bearded male (representing Judah?) standing left, with his hands bound behind his back, or the standing figure of the victorious emperor, or the goddess Victory, with a trophy of weapons, shields, and helmets to the left.

The female figure may reflect the prophecy of Isaiah 3:8, 25-26: "For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen ... Thy men shall fall by the sword and thy mighty in the war. And her gates shall lament and mourn, and she being desolate shall sit upon the ground".

The Judaea Capta coins were struck for 25 years under Vespasian and his two sons who succeeded him as Emperor - Titus and Domitian. These commemorative coins were issued in bronze, silver and gold by mints in Rome, throughout the Roman Empire, and in Judaea itself. They were issued in every denomination, and at least 48 different types are known.

Only bronze 'Judaea Capta' coins were struck in Caesarea, in the defeated Roman province of Judea. These coins are much cruder than the Roman issues, and the inscriptions are in Greek rather than Latin. The designs feature the Goddess Nike writing on a shield, Minerva with a spear, shield, trophy and palm tree, etc. Most such coins were issued during the reign of the Emperor Domitian (81-96 AD).
Adrian W
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Roman Empire, VICTORINUS. Commemorative AE antoninianus of Cologne. Struck A.D.271 under Tetricus I.48 viewsObverse: DIVO VICTORINO PIO. Radiate head of Victorinus facing right.
Reverse: CONSACRATIO. Eagle facing right, head turned left, standing on globe and holding wreath in beak.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 2.4gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC Vii : 85 | AGK 1 | Elmer 785 | Cunetio 2633
VERY RARE

A.D.271
Early in this year Victorinus was assassinated by Attitianus, an actuarius (regimental quartermaster), reportedly for reasons of personal revenge but more likely part of an officer coup. The most likely interpretation of the evidence is that Domitianus II was involved in this officer coup and, having presumably been hailed as Emperor by some of the troops, managed to secure temporary control of one of the 'Gallic' mints. However, those forces favouring Tetricus I as the new Emperor were able to assert themselves so swiftly and decisively that Domitianus’s elevation was unlikely to have lasted more than a few days. This coin, deifying Victorinus, was struck by Tetricus I towards the end of the year.
This year too, Aurelian, the central emperor, pushed the Vandals back from Pannonia and forced them to withdraw over the Danube. He also pursued the Alamanni who had entered Lombardy, closed the passes in the Alps and encircled the invaders near Pavia. The Alamanni were destroyed and Aurelian received the title Germanicus Maximus.
Also this year, Felicissimus, financial minister of the state treasury, led an uprising of mint workers in Rome against Aurelian but he was defeated and killed on the Caelian Hill.
3 comments*Alex
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ROMAN REPUBLIC - Didrachm - Crawford 20/139 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous, 269-266 BCE.
AR Didrachm (7.28g; 21mm).
Uncertain mint.

Obv: Diademed head of youthful Hercules facing right, with lion skin and club over shoulder.

Rev: She-Wolf suckling the twins, Romulus & Remus; ROMANO in exergue.

References: Crawford 20/1; Sydenham 6; BMCRR (Romano-Campanian) 28-33.

Provenance: Ex Dr. Walter F. Stoeklin Collection [Nomos AG eSale 9 (25 Mar 2018) Lot 2]; Adolph Hess Auction (19 Dec 1933), Lot 3.

The earliest Roman Didrachm coinage commenced in the late fourth century BCE. While earliest didrachms bore the inscription ROMANO, they were not struck in Rome and didn’t really circulate in Rome! The earliest didrachms were likely produced in Naples or some other nearby mint. Kenneth Harl, in "Coinage in the Roman Economy" theorizes that Roman didrachms were likely valued at 10 asses and were possibly called “denarii” in their day.

This coin is from the large, third issue of didrachms produced around the time of the Pyrrhic War, circa 269 BCE. In "Natural History", Pliny wrote that the Romans first struck silver coins “in the 485th year of the city, when Q. Ogulnius and C. Fabius were consuls, five years before the First Punic War [=269 BC].” (NH 33.42-44) Some surmise that Pliny’s now infamous text refers to the above coin type. Pliny’s text confounded for generations the determination by Roman numismatists of the introduction date for the denarius, with many scholars interpreting his statement as evidence for an early introduction; that “literal” theory having been disproven by Thomsen’s analysis in “Early Roman Coinage” and the indisputable evidence of the destruction level finds at Morgantina.

In "Roman Republican Coinage", Michael Crawford assigned this type to the Rome mint, but Crawford turned non-committal regarding the mint in his later book, Coinage and Money Under the Roman Republic. Previous scholars (Babelon, Grueber, Sydenham) had attributed this series to Campania. The reverse bears the first depiction of the she-wolf and suckling twins on a Roman coin, representing the mythical founding of Rome. The emblematic nature of this scene likely influenced the mint assignment by some researchers. Indeed, subsequent coins bearing this scene have similarly been assigned to Rome by some authors, perhaps without justification, based on the “Roman” character of the scene – notably the Eagle/Wolf and Twins AE Sextans (Crawford 39/3) of the semi-libral reduction in 217-215 BCE, which I believe is likely a Campanian product. There would be countless more such depictions of the wolf and twins on Roman coins during the ensuing centuries [Crawford 183; Crawford 235/1; Antoninus Pius; Maxentius; Constantine “commemoratives”, etc.]. According to Pliny, Q. Ogulnius was a consul when this coin was likely first produced, and the reverse may allude to the wolf and twins statue erected in Rome by Ogulnius’ grandfather and great uncle, the brothers Quintus and Gnaeus Ogulnius, in 296 BCE.
2 commentsCarausius
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Rome City Commemorative, 347-34825 viewsAE4, 13mm, 1.8g, Heraclea mint: 347-348
Obv.: VRBS ROMA; Helmeted and mantled bust of Roma left, with sceptre over right shoulder.
Rev.: VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX, all within wreath // SMH?
Reference: RIC VIII, Heraclea 56
Notes: A decent example of this scarce mule. Could be Nicomedia mint?
John Anthony
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Rome Commemorative16 viewsRIC VII Cyzicus 90
Obverse: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted bust left, wearing imperial cloak.
Reverse: She-wolf suckling twins Romulus & Remus. Two stars above.
Exergue: SMKS
b70
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Rome Commemorative Alexandria (SMALA)114 viewsObv: URBS ROMA
Rev: Wolf and Twins
RIC VIII 26
Laetvs
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Rome Commemorative "Wolf & Twins"13 viewsOBV: VRBS ROMA
Mantled bust of Roma, left, wearing plumed helmet.
REV: She Wolf suckling twins, Romulus and Remus.
Two stars above.
Dot ASIS Dot in exergue.

RIC VII (Siscia) 240
A.D. 309-313
2.48gm 16.5mm
Rare (R4)
goldenancients
VRBS_ROMA4.jpg
Rome Commemorative "Wolf & Twins"17 viewsOBV: VRBS ROMA
Mantled bust of Roma, left, wearing plumed helmet.
REV: She Wolf suckling twins, Romulus and Remus.
Two stars above.
Dot Delta SIS Dot in exergue.

RIC VII (Siscia) 240
A.D. 309-313
1.73gm 18mm
goldenancients
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Rome Commemorative "Wolf & Twins"10 viewsOBV: VRBS ROMA
Mantled bust of Roma, left, wearing plumed helmet.
REV: She Wolf suckling twins, Romulus and Remus.
Unlisted one star variation.
Dot Gamma SIS DOT in exergue.

RIC VII (Siscia) 240
A.D. 309-313
1.04gm 18mm
goldenancients
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Rome Commemorative "Wolf & Twins"12 viewsOBV: VRBS ROMA
Mantled bust of Roma, left, wearing plumed helmet.
REV: She Wolf suckling twins, Romulus and Remus.
Unlisted one star variation.
Dot Gamma SIS DOT in exergue.

RIC VII (Siscia) 240
A.D. 309-313
2.15gm 18.5mm
goldenancients
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Rome Commemorative "Wolf & Twins"27 viewsOBV: VRBS ROMA
Mantled bust of Roma, left, wearing plumed helmet.
REV: She Wolf suckling twins, Romulus and Remus.
Three-armed palm branch between two stars above.
SCONST in exergue.

RIC VII (Arles) 368
A.D. 309-313
2.17gm 18mm
goldenancients
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Rome Commemorative AE Follis55 viewsObv: VRBS ROMA - Roma, helmeted, wearing imperial cloak.
Rev: She-wolf left with twins (Romulus and Remus); above, two stars.
Mint: Siscia (·BSIS·)
Ref: RIC VII 240
Notes: R4
2 commentsoa
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Rome Commemorative, RIC VII 62/78, Constantinople27 viewsObv: VRBS ROMA
Bust: Helmeted and cuirassed, bust left
Rev: She-wolf standing left being suckled by twins Romulus and Remus. 2 stars above.
Exe: CONSIA
Date: 330-355 AD
Denom: Follis
Rated "R1"
Bluefish
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Rome Commemorative, RIC VII 91, Cyzicus33 viewsObv: VRBS ROMA
Bust: Helmeted with plume, imperial mantle bust left.
Rev: She-wolf standing left being suckled by twins Romulus and Remus. 2 stars above.
Exe: SMK epsilon
Date: 331-334 AD
Denom: Follis
Rated "R3"
1 commentsBluefish
Urbs Roma 2~0.jpg
Romulus and Remus 381 viewsRomulus and Remus - Suckling on a wolf after their uncle Amulius, fearing that the boys would grow up to overthrow him, had them placed in a trough and thrown into the River Tiber.

Urbs Roma - Constantinople Commemorative Coin



Noah
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SAXONY - Friedrich August III91 viewsSAXONY - Friedrich August III (1904-1918) silver 2 Marks, 1909. Commemorative coin, 500th Anniversary of Leipzig University. KM #1269.dpaul7
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Schjöth --, Hartill (QC) 28.17 Type DG2.1, Hartill (CCC) 22.654, KM C 30-844 viewsDaoguang (1821-1850)

10 cash (cast brass), 1828-1850 [?], Xinjiang Province, Aksu mint, 26 mm, nominal weight 5.595 grams (1 qian 5 fen).

Obv: Daoguang tongbao.

Rev: Aksu left (in Manchu script) and Aqs(u) right (in Turkic script), ba nian (8th year) top and wu (ten) bottom.

Type DG.2.1 and DG.2.2 coins differ in the style of the ba. In DG2.1 coins, the ba is comprised of two strokes that do not touch.

A commemorative marking the suppression of a revolt in Xinjiang Province in 1828 (per KM). The ten cash coin was introduced to overcome the shortage of coins for army pay, but was effectively a devaluation, given the nominal weight of the coins, and they circulated as two cash coins (per Hartill).

Hartill rarity 9 (QC) & 14 (CCC).
Stkp
faustina_I_sesterz.jpg
Sestertius; AETERNITAS S C, RIC 110314 viewsFaustina Sr., Commemorative. Æ Sestertius. 23.2g, 30mm. Rev. AETERNITAS S C, Aeternitas seated left holding phoenix on globe and sceptre. RIC 1103.Podiceps
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STATUE, City Commemorative of Antioch69 viewsAE3/4 of Antioch, struck A.D.310 - 313 under Maximinus II.
Obverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI. Jupiter seated facing left on throne, holding globe in right hand and sceptre in left.
Reverse: VICTORIA AVGG. Victory advancing left, holding wreath in her outstretched right hand and palm in her left; in right field, A; in exergue, ANT.
Diameter: 15mm | Weight: 1.6gms | Die Axis: 12
C : 53 | Vagi : 2955

The obverse of the coin possibly depicts the statue of Zeus Nikephoros at the Temple of Apollo at Daphne, near Antioch, which Antiochos IV commissioned for his great festival in 167 B.C.
*Alex
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STATUE, City Commemorative of Antioch67 viewsAE3/4 City commemorative of Antioch, struck A.D.310 - 313 under Maximinus II.
Obverse: GENIO ANTIOCHENI. The Tyche of Antioch seated facing with the river-god Orontes swimming facing below.
Reverse: APOLLONI SANCTO. Apollo standing facing left, holding lyre in his left hand and patera in his right; in right field, A; in exergue, SMA.
Diameter: 16mm | Weight: 1.6gms | Die Axis: 12
Vagi 2954

The obverse of the coin shows the famous Tyche of Antioch which was made by Eutychides of Sikyon in the second half of the 4th century B.C.
The reverse possibly represents the statue of Apollo of Antioch which was made my Bryaxis around 400-350 B.C.
*Alex
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Struck A.D. 80 - 81 under Titus. DIVUS VESPASIAN. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome10 viewsObverse: DIVVS • AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS •. Laureate head of Vespasian facing right.
Reverse: No legend. SC on shield supported by two capricorns back to back, globe below.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 3.1gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC II : 63 | VM : 102 | RSC : 497 | Sear : 2569
SCARCE

Vespasian (Titus Flavius Sabinus Vespasianus) was born at Falacrinae on 17th November, A.D.9 and became emperor on 1st July, A.D.69. He died at Aquae Cutiliae on 23rd June, A.D.79 and was buried in the Mausoleum of Augustus. His remains were later transferred to the Temple of the Flavian Family.

EVENTS OCCURRING AT THE TIME THIS COIN WAS STRUCK
A.D.80
Titus completed and inaugurated the Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheatre) with 100 days of games.
Gnaeus Julius Agricola began his invasion of Scotland.
A.D.81
The Arch of Titus was constructed in Rome.
1 comments*Alex
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Struck A.D. 98 - 99 under Trajan. DIVUS NERVA. Commemorative AE 25 of Berytus, Phoenicia14 viewsObv: DIVOS NERVA AVGVSTVS. Laureate head of Nerva facing right.
Rev: COL IVL AVG FEL BER. Nerva, as priest-founder, ploughing with yoke of oxen right.
Diameter: 25mm | Weight: 13.6gms | Die Axis: 12
BMC : 81 (Phoenicia) | GICV : 950.
RARE

This coin was struck by Trajan shortly after the death of Nerva.

At the beginning of January A.D.98 Nerva suffered a stroke during a private audience and a few weeks later died of a fever at his villa in the Gardens of Sallust. He was succeeded by Trajan, whom he had adopted as his son and heir.
1 comments*Alex
HADRIAN_CONSECRATIO.JPG
Struck A.D.139 under Antoninus Pius. DIVUS HADRIAN. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome16 viewsObverse: DIVVS HADRIANVS AVG. Bare head of Hadrian facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle standing facing on globe, head turned left.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 3.2gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC II : 389b
VERY RARE.

The Mausoleum of Hadrian in Rome was completed in the year this coin was struck, the emperor Antoninus Pius cremated the body of Hadrian and placed his ashes together with that of his wife Vibia Sabina and his adopted son, Lucius Aelius in the tomb.
The mausoleum was originally a towering decorated cylinder topped with a garden and a golden quadriga. The building, used by the popes in later centuries as a fortress and castle, is known today as the Castel Sant'Angelo. It is situated in Parco Adriano, Rome and is now a museum.
2 comments*Alex
DIV-FAUST1_CERES.JPG
Struck A.D.141 or shortly after under Antoninus Pius. DIVA FAUSTINA SENIOR. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome6 viewsObverse: DIVA FAVSTINA. Draped bust of Faustina, hair waved and coiled on top of her head, facing right.
Reverse: CERES. Ceres standing facing left, holding corn-ears and torch.
Diameter: 17mm | Weight: 3.3gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC III : 378

Ceres was the Roman goddess of agriculture; equivalent to the Greek goddess Demeter.

EVENTS OCCURRING AT THE TIME THIS COIN WAS STRUCK
The Temple now known as that of Antoninus and Faustina was constructed in Rome in A.D.141. The temple was initially dedicated to Faustina the Elder but was rededicated to Antoninus and Faustina after the emperor's death.
*Alex
DIV-FAUST1_AUGUSTA.JPG
Struck A.D.141- 142 under Antoninus Pius. DIVA FAUSTINA SENIOR. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome5 viewsObv: DIVA FAVSTINA. Draped bust of Faustina, hair waved and coiled on top of her head, facing right.
Rev: AVGVSTA. Vesta standing facing left, holding palladium and sacrificing out of patera over garlanded altar.
Diameter: 16mm | Weight: 3.2gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC III : 370.

This coin was struck soon after her death.

Vesta was the goddess of the hearth, fire, and the household, and therefore the deity of domestic life. Her Greek counterpart was Hestia.
*Alex
DIV-FAUST_1_PROV_1.JPG
Struck A.D.141- 161 under Antoninus Pius. DIVA FAUSTINA SENIOR. Commemorative AE14 of Bostra, Arabia4 viewsObv: ΘЄA ΦAVCTЄINA. Diademed and draped bust of Faustina facing right.
Rev: TVXH NЄAC TPAIANHC BOCTPAC, Tyche (City-goddess) standing facing, head left, holding spear and resting left hand on shield.
Diameter: 14mm | Weight: 2.06gms | Die Axis: 6
ANS 1181 | Spijkerman 11 | BMC 7-9.

Originally a Nabataean city, in A.D.106 Bostra was conquered by the emperor Trajan who renamed it Nova Trajana Bostra and made it the capital of the Roman province of Arabia Petraea. Bostra was the residence of the Legio III Cyrenaica and served as a key Roman fortress east of the Jordan River. Since it was at the juncture of several trade routes connecting Damascus to the Red Sea the city flourished and Bostra eventually achieved the title metropolis under the emperor Philip I, who was a native of the city. Its coins have Greek legends from the time of Antoninus Pius to Elagabalus, and Latin legends from Severus Alexander to the time of Trajan Decius.
Today Bostra is a major archaeological site and has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Its main feature is it's Roman theatre (below) reputed to be the best preserved Roman theatre in the world.
*Alex
Faustina_I_Diva_Temple~0.JPG
Struck A.D.150 or thereabouts under Antoninus Pius. DIVA FAUSTINA SENIOR. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome2 viewsObverse: DIVA FAVSTINA. Draped bust of Faustina, hair waved and coiled on top of her head, facing right.
Reverse: AED DIV FAVSTINAE. Hexastyle temple of Diva Faustina containing seated statue of Faustina I, trellis-work fencing in the foreground in front of steps.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 3.2gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC III : 343
SCARCE

Construction of the temple shown on the reverse of this coin began in the year following the death of the Empress in A.D.141. It was probably completed about A.D.150, the date assigned to this issue by Philip V. Hill in "The Monuments of Ancient Rome as Coin Types".
The temple was later rededicated to Divus Antoninus and Diva Faustina and the shell of the building survives to this day in the Roman Forum, enclosing the Church of S. Lorenzo in Miranda.
*Alex
Antoninus_Pius_Divus_statue.JPG
Struck A.D.161 - 164 under Marcus Aurelius. DIVUS ANTONINUS PIUS. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome5 viewsObverse: DIVVS ANTONIN'S. Bare head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Reverse: DIVO PIO. Seated statue of Antoninus Pius holding branch and sceptre, facing left.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 3.2gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC III : 442 | VM : 137/1 | Sear : 5194

EVENTS OCCURRING AT THE TIME THIS COIN WAS STRUCK
A.D.162
Lucius Verus went to war against the Parthians after the invasion of Syria and Armenia by Vologases IV of Parthia.
A.D.164
Avidius Cassius, the governor of Syria, and one of Lucius Verus' generals, crossed the Euphrates and invaded Parthian territory. Ctesiphon was captured by the Romans, but returned to the Parthians after the end of the war.
The Antonine Wall, constructed between the Clyde and the Forth estuaries in Scotland by Antoninus Pius, was largely abandoned by the Romans around this time.
*Alex
DIVOPIO_ALTAR.JPG
Struck A.D.161 - 164 under Marcus Aurelius. DIVUS ANTONINUS PIUS. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome2 viewsObverse: DIVVS ANTONINVS. Bare head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Reverse: DIVO PIO. Altar-enclosure, with double panelled door and horns visible above.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 3.1gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC III : 441 | VM : 137/3 | Sear : 5196
*Alex
ANTONINUS_PIUS_DIVUS_PYRE.JPG
Struck A.D.161 under Marcus Aurelius. DIVUS ANTONINUS PIUS. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome12 viewsObverse: DIVVS ANTONINVS. Bare headed and draped bust of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Building of four storeys surmounted by Antoninus Pius in a quadriga. Unbarred A in consecratio.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 3.3gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC III : 438

The reverse of this coin depicts the Ustrinum Antonini Pii, the building where the body of Antoninus Pius lay. Its remains were discovered near the Piazza Montecitorio. Located just south of the Column of Antoninus Pius, it consisted of three concentric rectangle enclosures. The innermost rectangle measured 13 meters wide, the second 23 meters and the outermost 30 meters. This monument, commonly misleadingly described as a pyre on his coinage, was the monumental building in which the body was placed. It was built prior to A.D.141 and was also used for the funerals of Faustina I, Lucius Verus and Faustina II. Antoninus Pius was ultimately buried in the Mausoleum of Hadrian (now the Castel St.Angelo).
1 comments*Alex
DIVOPIO_EAGLE.JPG
Struck A.D.161 under Marcus Aurelius. DIVUS ANTONINUS PIUS. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome6 viewsObverse: DIVVS ANTONINVS. Bare headed and draped bust of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle standing facing right, head left, on garlanded altar.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 2.9gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC III : 431
*Alex
DIVOPIO_COLUMN.JPG
Struck A.D.164 under Marcus Aurelius. DIVUS ANTONINUS PIUS. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome5 viewsObverse: DIVVS ANTONINVS. Bare head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Reverse: DIVO PIO. Column of Antoninus Pius surmounted by statue of the emperor and surrounded by enclosure.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 3.1gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC III : 439 | VM : 137/2 | Sear : 5195

The Column of Antoninus Pius (Columna Antonini Pii) was erected in the Campus Martius in memory of Antoninus Pius by Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus c.A.D.158 on the twentieth anniversary of his reign. Constructed of red granite, the column was 14.75 metres high and 1.90m in diameter, unlike the otherwise similar column of Trajan it had no decorating reliefs. The masons' inscription shows that it was quarried out in A.D.106 and architecturally it belonged to the Ustrinum which was 25m north of it on the same orientation. It was surmounted by a statue of Antoninus Pius, as is represented on the coin. Previous to the 18th century the base was completely buried, but the lower part of the shaft projected about 6m above the ground. In 1703, when some buildings were demolished in the area of Montecitorio, the rest of the column and the base were discovered and excavated. The base, all four sides of which are shown below, still survives and is now housed in the Cortile della Pigna in the Vatican Museums.
*Alex
DIV-VERUS_EAGLE.JPG
Struck A.D.169 under Marcus Aurelius. DIVUS LUCIUS VERUS. Commemorative AR denarius of Rome7 viewsObverse: DIVVS VERVS. Bare head of Lucius Verus facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle facing right, head turned left, standing on bar.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 2.84gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC III : 596a
SCARCE

Lucius Aurelius Verus was made co-emperor along with Marcus Aurelius on the death of Antoninus Pius in A.D.161. Although he campaigned in the East with considerable success, he was addicted to pleasure, and his death in A.D.169 came as something of a relief to Aurelius.
*Alex
DIV-FAUSTINA2_PEACOCK.JPG
Struck A.D.176-180 under Marcus Aurelius. DIVA FAUSTINA JUNIOR. Commemorative denarius of Rome8 viewsObverse: DIVA FAVSTINA PIA. Draped bust of Faustina Junior facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Peacock standing facing right.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 3.24gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC III : 744 | RSC : 71a

Annia Galeria Faustina was the youngest daughter of Antoninus Pius and Faustina Senior. She married Marcus Aurelius in A.D.145 and was given the title of Augusta on the birth of her first child in A.D.146. She went on to have several more children, one of whom was the future emperor Commodus. In A.D.175 Faustina accompanied Marcus Aurelius on his journey to the East but she died at Halala, a village at the foot of the Taurus Mountains.
1 comments*Alex
Faustina_II_Diva_Altar~0.JPG
Struck A.D.176-180 under Marcus Aurelius. DIVA FAUSTINA JUNIOR. Commemorative denarius of Rome5 viewsObverse: DIVA FAVSTINA PIA. Draped bust of Faustina Junior facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Altar-enclosure with closed doors.
Diameter: 19mm
RIC III : 746

Annia Galeria Faustina was the youngest daughter of Antoninus Pius and Faustina Senior. She married Marcus Aurelius in A.D.145 and was given the title of Augusta on the birth of her first child in A.D.146. She went on to have several more children, one of whom was the future emperor Commodus. In A.D.175 Faustina accompanied Marcus Aurelius on his journey to the East but she died at Halala, a village at the foot of the Taurus Mountains.
*Alex
DIV-AURELIUS_EAGLE.JPG
Struck A.D.180 under Commodus. DIVUS MARCUS AURELIUS. Commemorative AR denarius of Rome7 viewsObverse: DIVVS M ANTONINVS PIVS. Bare head of Marcus Aurelius facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle facing left, head turned right, standing on bar.
Diameter: 17mm | Weight: 2.9gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC III : 266
Featured on Wildwinds.
SCARCE

Marcus Aurelius died at his camp in Vindobona (Vienna) on March 17th, A.D.180 after a week's illness. He was succeeded by his 18 year old son, Commodus.
*Alex
DIV-SEV_PIO_EAGLE.JPG
Struck A.D.211 under Caracalla and Geta. DIVUS SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome5 viewsObverse: DIVO SEVERO PIO. Bare head of Septimius Severus facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle standing facing on globe, head facing left.
Diameter: 19.5mm | Weight: 2.1gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC IV i : 191c (Caracalla) | RCV II : 7051 | RSC : 84
SCARCE
*Alex
DIV-SEVERO_USTRINUM.JPG
Struck A.D.211 under Caracalla and Geta. DIVUS SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome6 viewsObverse: DIVO SEVERO PIO. Bare head of Septimius Severus facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Ustrinum of five storeys, plaque or door on second level, apex surmounted by emperor in facing quadriga. Engraver's variant with drapery hung across base and upper tiers.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.9gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC IV i : 191f (Caracalla) | RSC : 89
RARE

At the beginning of February, while on campaign in Britain, Septimius Severus fell ill and died at York (Eboracum). He had reigned for 18 years and was deified by the Senate. His sons, Caracalla and Geta, succeeded their father as joint Roman Emperors, but on December 19th Geta was murdered by his older brother leaving Caracalla the sole ruler of the Empire.
1 comments*Alex
DVPIO_ANT_TRDE.JPG
Struck A.D.249 - 251 by Trajan Decius. DIVUS ANTONINUS PIUS. Commemorative AR Antoninianus of Mediolanum. 5 viewsObverse: DIVO PIO. Radiate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Large altar.
Diameter: 23mm | Weight: 2.8gms | Die Axis: 11
RIC IV iii : 90
VERY RARE

This coin is one of a series of commemorative antoninianii of previous emperors believed to have been struck under Trajan Decius, although it has also been mooted that these coins may have been struck under Philip I in connection with the 1000th Anniversary of Rome. The other emperors commemorated in this series are Augustus, Vespasian, Titus, Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Marcus Aurelius, Commodus, Septimius Severus and Severus Alexander.

This particular coin was struck from a recently discovered die which has been registered on Joaquim Blay Detrell’s website. DIVI SERIES as die # AN61.
This coin is 90-175 and the obverse die is P069, documented for other coins which can be found in the database.
*Alex
Mariniana_Diva_Antoninianus.JPG
Struck A.D.253 - 254 under Valerian I. DIVA MARINIANA. Commemorative AR Antoninianus of Rome5 viewsObverse: DIVAE MARINIANAE. Diademed and veiled bust of Mariniana, resting on crescent, facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Mariniana being borne to heaven seated on the back of a peacock flying right.
Diameter: 21mm | Weight: 2.18gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC V i : 6
RARE

Mariniana was the wife of Valerian I but it would seem that she must have died before he became emperor because all of her coins are posthumous commemoratives.
1 comments*Alex
Valerian_2_Consecratio_eagle.JPG
Struck A.D.255 - 256 under Gallienus. DIVUS VALERIAN II CAESAR. Commemorative AR Antoninianus of Lugdunum24 viewsObverse: DIVO VALERIANO CAES. Radiate and draped bust of Valerian II facing right.
Reverse: CONSACRATIO. Valerian II being borne to heaven seated on the back of an eagle flying right.
Diameter: 20mm | Weight: 2.4gms | Die Axis: 2
RIC V i : 9
3 comments*Alex
Claudius_II_Gothicus_Eagle.JPG
Struck A.D.270 - 271, probably under Aurelian. DIVUS CLAUDIUS II. Commemorative AE Antoninianus of Rome5 viewsObverse: DIVO CLAVDIO. Radiate head of Claudius II facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle standing facing left, head turned right.
Diameter: 21mm | Weight: 3.0gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC V i : 266
*Alex
CLAUDIUS_II_DIVO_USTRINUM_(Pyre).JPG
Struck A.D.270 - 271, probably under Aurelian. DIVUS CLAUDIUS II. Commemorative AE Antoninianus of Cyzicus10 viewsObverse: DIVO CLAVDIO. Radiate head of Claudius II Gothicus facing right, three pellets below.
Reverse: CONSACRATIO. Ustrinum or pyre of three storeys, arch in lowest storey, uppermost storey flanked by two statues, flames or smoke (or possibly an eagle) rising from circular opening at summit.
Diameter: 21mm | Weight: 2.9gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC V i : 267 (RIC mentions only two pellets, but this might simply be an error)
VERY RARE
1 comments*Alex
DIV-CLAUD_2_ALTAR.JPG
Struck A.D.270 - 271, probably under Aurelian. DIVUS CLAUDIUS II. Silvered Commemorative AE Antoninianus of Rome4 viewsObverse: DIVO CLAVDIO. Radiate head of Claudius facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Large flaming altar.
RIC Vi : 259
*Alex
Victorinus_Divus_Consacratio.JPG
Struck A.D.271 under Tetricus I. DIVUS VICTORINUS. Commemorative AE antoninianus of Cologne3 viewsObverse: DIVO VICTORINO PIO. Radiate head of Victorinus facing right.
Reverse: CONSACRATIO. Eagle facing right, head turned left, standing on globe and holding wreath in beak.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 2.4gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC Vii : 85 | AGK 1 | Elmer 785 | Cunetio 2633
VERY RARE

Early in A.D.271 Victorinus was assassinated by Attitianus, an actuarius (regimental quartermaster), reportedly for reasons of personal revenge but more likely part of an officer coup. The most likely interpretation of the evidence is that the enigmatic usurper Domitianus II was involved in this coup and, having presumably been hailed as Emperor by some of the troops, managed to secure temporary control of one of the 'Gallic' mints. However, those forces favouring Tetricus I as the new Emperor were able to assert themselves so swiftly and decisively that Domitianus’s elevation was unlikely to have lasted more than a few days. This coin, deifying Victorinus, was struck by Tetricus I towards the end of the year.
*Alex
CLAUD_2_GOTHICO_ALTAR.JPG
Struck A.D.271, probably under Aurelian. DIVUS CLAUDIUS II. Commemorative AE Antoninianus of Mediolanum4 viewsObverse: DIVO CLAVDIO GOTHICO. Radiate head of Claudius facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Flaming altar. In exergue, T (Third officina).
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 3.06gms | Die Axis: 7
RIC V i : 264 | Gobl : 23k.
VERY RARE

Mediolanum (Milan) operated with three officina at the time that this coin was struck, however this particular issue, with the "GOTHICO" in the obverse legend, was only struck at the third officina.
*Alex
CARUS_DIV_ALTAR_TET.JPG
Struck A.D.283 - 284 under Carinus and Numerian. CARUS. Posthumous commemorative AE Tetradrachm of Alexandria.6 viewsObverse: ΘEW KAPW CEB. Laureate head of Carus facing right.
Reverse: AΦIEPOCIC. Round, burning and garlanded altar on base, star in upper left field.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 7.1gms | Die Axis: 12
GICV : 4777 | Emmett 3995

This coin is an undated posthumous type bearing the legend AΦIEPOCIC, one of the most interesting features of the Alexandrian coinage of Marcus Aurelius Carus.
*Alex
DV_CARUS_TET_EAGLE.JPG
Struck A.D.283 - 284 under Carinus and Numerian. CARUS. Posthumous commemorative AE Tetradrachm of Alexandria.7 viewsObverse: ΘEW KAPW CEB. Laureate head of Carus facing right.
Reverse: AΦIEPOCIC. Eagle standing facing on rod, head right, wings open.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 7.96gms | Die Axis: 12
GICV : 4776
Ex Zurqieh (Dubai)

This coin is an undated posthumous type bearing the legend AΦIEPOCIC, one of the most interesting features of the Alexandrian coinage of Marcus Aurelius Carus.
*Alex
DIVOCARO_ALTAR_XXI.JPG
Struck A.D.283 - 284 under Carinus and Numerian. DIVUS CARUS. Commemorative AE Antoninianus of Antioch15 viewsObverse: DIVO CARO AVG. Radiate head of Carus facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Lighted, garlanded altar; in right field Δ ; in exergue, XXI.
Diameter: 21mm | Weight: 4.11gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC V ii : 127
1 comments*Alex
DIVOCARO_EAGLE_II.JPG
Struck A.D.283 - 284 under Carinus and Numerian. DIVUS CARUS. Commemorative AE Antoninianus of Lugdunum18 viewsObverse: DIVO CARO PIO. Radiate head of Carus facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle standing facing left, head right; in exergue, II.
Diameter: 22mm | Weight: 3.2gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC V ii : 29
1 comments*Alex
CARUS_DIVO_EAGLE_BILLON_TET.JPG
Struck A.D.283 - 284 under Carinus and Numerian. DIVUS CARUS. Commemorative AE Tetradrachm of Alexandria2 viewsObverse: ΘEW KAPW CEB. Laureate head of Carus facing right.
Reverse: AΦIEPOCIC. Eagle standing facing on rod, head right, wings open.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 7.96gms | Die Axis: 12
GICV : 4776

This coin is an undated posthumous type bearing the legend AΦIEPOCIC, one of the most interesting features of the Alexandrian coinage of Marcus Aurelius Carus.

Carus died in mysterious circumstances during his Persian campaign against the Sassanids, it was claimed that during a violent dust storm he had been killed by a stroke of lightning. Carus was succeeded by his eldest son Carinus, who had been left in Rome and Numerian, Carinus' younger brother, who had accompanied Carus on the Persian campaign and had been proclaimed emperor by the troops when Carus was killed.
*Alex
CARUS_DIV_ALTAR_TET~0.JPG
Struck A.D.283 - 284 under Carinus and Numerian. DIVUS CARUS. Commemorative AE Tetradrachm of Alexandria.11 viewsObverse: ΘEW KAPW CEB. Laureate head of Carus facing right.
Reverse: AΦIEPOCIC. Round, burning and garlanded altar on base, star in upper left field.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 7.1gms | Die Axis: 12
GICV : 4777 | Emmett 3995

This coin is an undated posthumous type bearing the legend AΦIEPOCIC, one of the most interesting features of the Alexandrian coinage of Marcus Aurelius Carus.

Carus died in mysterious circumstances during his Persian campaign against the Sassanids, it was claimed that during a violent dust storm he had been killed by a stroke of lightning. Carus was succeeded by his eldest son Carinus, who had been left in Rome and Numerian, Carinus' younger brother, who had accompanied Carus on the Persian campaign and had been proclaimed emperor by the troops when Carus was killed.
*Alex
DIVONUMERIAN_KAA.JPG
Struck A.D.284 - 285 under Carinus. DIVUS NUMERIAN. Commemorative AE Antoninianus of Rome3 viewsObverse: DIVO NVMERIANO. Radiate head of Numerian facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle standing facing, head left; in exergue, KAA.
Diameter: 22mm | Weight: 4.0gms | Die Axis: 7
RIC V ii : 424
VERY RARE

Though misrated as common by Cohen and RIC, antoninianii of Divus Numerian are in fact quite rare: there were only 15 of his antoninianii of all types in the Venera hoard, as compared to 25 antoninianii of the 'very rare' Divus Nigrinian. - source HJB

Numerian, who had accompanied Carus on the Persian campaign, was proclaimed emperor by the troops when Carus was killed. However, as he led the army back to Europe, it was discovered that he had been murdered in his litter.
*Alex
Constantius_1_Altar_eagles.JPG
Struck A.D.307 - 308 under Constantine I. DIVUS CONSTANTIUS I. Commemorative AE Follis of Treveri (Trier)4 viewsObverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO. Laureate and veiled bust of Constantius I facing right.
Reverse: MEMORIA FELIX. Lighted and garlanded altar with eagle on either side; in exergue, PTR.
Diameter: 26mm | Weight: 7.4gms | Die Axis: 7
RIC VI : 789
*Alex
DIVO-CONSTANTIO_ALTAR_2.JPG
Struck A.D.307 - 308 under Maxentius. DIVUS CONSTANTIUS I. Commemorative AE Follis of Aquileia3 viewsObverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO AVG. Veiled head of Constantius I facing right.
Reverse: MEMORIA DIVI CONSTANTI. Large altar, doors embellished with handles in the shape of a ring held in the mouth of a lion, surmounted by eagle with wings spread standing facing, head turned to left and holding wreath in its beak; in exergue, AQS.
Diameter: 25mm | Weight: 5.3gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC VI : 127
SCARCE

"Cohen 24 (not giving mintmark) and Voetter, Gerin Cat., p. 62, have AVG only in the obv. legend of this type at Aquileia." - source Curtis Clay.
*Alex
DIV-CONST_1_SHRINE_TT.JPG
Struck A.D.307 - 308 under Maxentius. DIVUS CONSTANTIUS I. Commemorative AE Follis of Ticinum4 viewsObverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO AVG. Veiled head of Constantius I facing right.
Reverse: MEMORIA DIVI CONSTANTI. Mausoleum or Temple of classical shape with double closed doors embellished with handles in the shape of a ring held in the mouth of a lion, apex of roof surmounted by eagle; in exergue, T T.
Diameter: 25mm | Weight: 4.5gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC VI : 97
RARE
*Alex
Divo-Galerius_Temple.JPG
Struck A.D.310 - 312 under Maxentius. DIVUS MAXIMIANUS. Commemorative Follis of Ostia4 viewsObverse: IMP MAXENTIVS DIVO MAXIMIANO PATRI. Veiled head of Maximianus facing right.
Reverse: AETERNA MEMORIA. Shrine or temple with domed roof surmounted by eagle, right door ajar; in exergue, MOSTS.
Diameter: 24mm | Weight: 5.2gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC VI : 26
RARE

The temple depicted on the reverse of this coin is in all probability the Temple of Divus Romulus begun by Maxentius around A.D.311 but left unfinished on his death in A.D.312. The original bronze doors of the Temple of Divus Romulus still survive and are pictured below. They are set between two porphyry columns that support a reused marble architrave and open into a rotunda fifty Roman feet in diameter covered by a cupola which is accessible from the rear through the Basilica of Santi Cosma e Damiano. The temple was converted into a vestibule for the church early in the 6th century.
*Alex
CITYCOM_IOVI_VICT_ANT.JPG
Struck A.D.310 - 313 under Maximinus II. CITY COMMEMORATIVE AE3/4 of Antioch2 viewsObverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI. Jupiter seated facing left on throne, holding globe in right hand and sceptre in left.
Reverse: VICTORIA AVGG. Victory advancing left, holding wreath in her outstretched right hand and palm in her left; in right field, A; in exergue, ANT.
Diameter: 15mm | Weight: 1.6gms | Die Axis: 12
C : 53 | Vagi : 2955

This coin, often called a quarter nummus or twelfth follis, the exact denomination being uncertain, is assigned to the time of the great persecution of Christians under Gallienus and Maximinus II.
The obverse of the coin possibly depicts the statue of Zeus Nikephoros at the Temple of Apollo at Daphne, near Antioch, which Antiochos IV commissioned for his great festival in 167 B.C.
*Alex
CITYCOM_APOLLO.JPG
Struck A.D.310 - 313 under Maximinus II. CITY COMMEMORATIVE AE3/4 of Antioch19 viewsObverse: GENIO ANTIOCHENI. The Tyche of Antioch seated facing with the river-god Orontes swimming facing below.
Reverse: APOLLONI SANCTO. Apollo standing facing left, holding lyre in his left hand and patera in his right; in right field, A; in exergue, SMA.
Diameter: 16mm | Weight: 1.6gms | Die Axis: 12
Vagi 2954

This coin, often called a quarter nummus or twelfth follis, the exact denomination being uncertain, is assigned to the time of the great persecution of Christians under Galerius and Maximinus II.
The obverse of the coin shows the famous Tyche of Antioch which was made by Eutychides of Sikyon in the second half of the 4th century B.C. The reverse possibly represents the statue of Apollo of Antioch which was made my Bryaxis around 400-350 B.C.
The statue below is a late Roman marble copy of the original Greek bronze statue of the Tyche of Antioch by Eutychides and it is now in the Vatican Museum (Galleria dei Candelabri).
3 comments*Alex
DIV_MAX_GAL_FOLLIS_SMTS.JPG
Struck A.D.311 under Licinius. DIVUS GALERIUS. Commemorative AE Follis of Thessalonica. 4 viewsObverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO. Veiled head of Galerius facing right.
Reverse: MEM DIVI MAXIMIANI. Eagle surmounting domed shrine with closed doors; in right field, A; in exergue, •SM•TS•.
Diameter: 24mm | Weight: 4.6gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC VI : 48 (r5).
EXTREMELY RARE
*Alex
DIV-GAL_FORTUNA-NEMESIS.JPG
Struck A.D.312 under Licinius I. DIVUS GALERIUS. Commemorative AE Follis of Siscia10 viewsObverse: DIVO GAL VAL MAXIMIANO. Veiled head of Galerius facing right.
Reverse: FORTI FORTVNAE. Fortuna standing facing left holding rudder on globe and cornucopiae, wheel with cubit rule leaning against it (the attributes of Nemesis), behind at her feet; in right field, star on crescent over B; in exergue, SIS.
Diameter: 23mm | Weight: 4.75gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC VI : 226
EX FORVM
RARE
1 comments*Alex
DIV-CLAUD_2_CONST.JPG
Struck A.D.317 - 318 under Constantine I. DIVUS CLAUDIUS II. Commemorative AE3 of Thessalonika6 viewsObverse: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP. Laureate and veiled head of Claudius facing right.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM. Claudius seated facing left on curule chair, raising right hand and holding scroll in left; in exergue, •TS•Γ•.
Diameter: 16mm | Weight: 1.5gms | Die Axis: 1
RIC VII : 26 (r5)
EXTREMELY RARE
1 comments*Alex
DIV-CONST_1_Emperor_STD.JPG
Struck A.D.317 - 318 under Constantine I. DIVUS CONSTANTIUS I. Commemorative AE3/4 of Siscia2 viewsObverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINCIPI. Laureate and veiled head of Constantius I facing right.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM. Constantius, seated on curule chair, facing left, his right hand raised, left hand holding scroll; in exergue, SIS.
Diameter: 16mm | Weight: 1.5gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC VII : 42
VERY RARE
*Alex
DIV-CONSTANTIUS_1_EAGLE.JPG
Struck A.D.317 - 318 under Constantine I. DIVUS CONSTANTIUS I. Commemorative AE4 of Rome3 viewsObverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINC. Laureate and veiled head of Constantius facing right.
Reverse: MEMORIAE AETERNAE. Eagle standing, head left; in exergue, RP.
Diameter: 14mm | Weight: 1.3gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC VII : 111
VERY RARE
*Alex
DIV-MAXIMIANUS_EAGLE.JPG
Struck A.D.317 - 318 under Constantine I. DIVUS MAXIMIANUS. Commemorative AE4 of Rome3 viewsObverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP. Laureate and veiled head of Maximianus facing right.
Reverse: MEMORIAE AETERNAE. Eagle standing right, head turned left; in exergue, RS.
Diameter: 15mm | Weight: 1.9gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC VII : 110 | VM : 62
VERY RARE
*Alex
DIV-MAXIMIAN_EMP_STD.JPG
Struck A.D.317 - 318 under Constantine I. DIVUS MAXIMIANUS. Commemorative AE4 of Treveri4 viewsObverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO OPT IMP. Laureate and veiled head of Maximianus facing right.
Reverse: REQVIES OPT MER. Maximianus, veiled and togate, seated on curule chair facing left, right hand outstretched, left hand holding scroll. In exergue, STR.
Weight: 1.7gms
RIC VII : 205
VERY RARE
*Alex
URBSROMA_RBQ.JPG
Struck A.D.330 - 331 under Constantine I. AE3 "URBS ROMA" COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE of Rome3 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA. Helmeted and plumed bust of Roma facing left, two dots on helmet.
Reverse: No legend. She-wolf, flower symbol on shoulder, standing facing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; above, two stars; in exergue, RFQ.
RIC VII : 338 (var)
SCARCE
*Alex
URBSROMA_PLG.JPG
Struck A.D.330 - 331 under Constantine I. AE3 "URBS ROMA" COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE of Lugdunum4 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA. Helmeted and plumed bust of Roma facing left.
Reverse: No legend. She-wolf, crescent or plate in perspective symbol on shoulder, standing facing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; above, two stars; in exergue, •PLG.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 3.04gms
RIC VII : 247
RARE
*Alex
CONSTANTINOPOL_SMHDelta.JPG
Struck A.D.330 - 333 under Constantine I. AE3 "CONSTANTINOPOLIS" COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE of Heraclea2 viewsObverse: CONSTANTINOPOLI. Laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis wearing imperial mantle facing left and holding sceptre over left shoulder.
Reverse: No legend. Victory standing facing left, right foot on prow, holding sceptre and shield with dot in centre; in exergue, •SMHΔ• (Δ = fourth officina).
Diameter: 17mm | Weight: 2.8gms
RIC VII : 125
SCARCE
*Alex
CONSTANTINOPOL_SMTSDelta.JPG
Struck A.D.330 - 333 under Constantine I. AE3 "CONSTANTINOPOLIS" COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE of Thessalonika3 viewsObverse: CONSTANTINOPOLIS. Laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis wearing imperial mantle facing left and holding sceptre over left shoulder. Two dots in crest of helmet.
Reverse: No legend. Victory standing facing left, right foot on prow, holding sceptre and shield with ring in centre; in exergue, SMTSΔ (Δ = fourth officina).
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 2.29gms
RIC VII : 188

The victory on a prow type alludes to the naval victory of Crispus and his subsequent capture of Byzantium (which Constantine I re-named Constantinople).
*Alex
CONSTANTINOPOL_BSIS.JPG
Struck A.D.330 - 333 under Constantine I. AE3 "CONSTANTINOPOLIS" COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE of Siscia2 viewsObverse: CONSTANTINOPOLIS. Laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis wearing imperial mantle facing left and holding sceptre over left shoulder. Crescent in crest of helmet.
Reverse: No legend. Victory standing facing left, right foot on prow, holding sceptre and shield with dot in centre; in exergue, BSIS.
RIC VII : 224

The victory on a prow type alludes to the naval victory of Crispus and his subsequent capture of Byzantium (which Constantine I re-named Constantinople).
*Alex
URBSROMA_SMHE.JPG
Struck A.D.330 - 333 under Constantine I. AE3 "URBS ROMA" COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE of Heraclea9 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA. Helmeted and plumed bust of Roma, wearing earring, facing left.
Reverse: No legend. She-wolf standing facing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; above, two stars; in exergue, •SMHE.
RIC VII : 119
RARE
1 comments*Alex
URBSROMA_SMTSE.JPG
Struck A.D.330 - 333 under Constantine I. AE3 "URBS ROMA" COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE of Thessalonika4 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA. Helmeted and plumed bust of Roma facing left.
Reverse: No legend. She-wolf, spear head and dot symbols on shoulder, standing facing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; above, two stars; in exergue, SMTSΕ (Epsilon = fifth officina).
RIC VII : 187
*Alex
URBS_ROMA_SMNE~0.JPG
Struck A.D.330 - 335 under Constantine I. AE3 "URBS ROMA" COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE of Nicomedia3 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA. Helmeted and plumed bust of Roma facing left, one dot on helmet.
Reverse: No legend. She-wolf, standing facing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; above, two stars, three vertical dots between them; in exergue, SMNε.
RIC VII : 195.
RARE
*Alex
CONSTANTINOPOL_SMNA.JPG
Struck A.D.330 - 335 under Constantine I. AE3 "CONSTANTINOPOLIS" COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE of Nicomedia5 viewsObverse: CONSTANTINOPOLI. Laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis wearing imperial mantle facing left and holding sceptre over left shoulder.
Reverse: No legend. Victory standing facing left, right foot on prow, holding sceptre and shield with dot in centre; in exergue, SMNA (A = First officina).
Weight: 2.31gms
RIC VII : 196
SCARCE

The victory on a prow type alludes to the naval victory of Crispus and his subsequent capture of Byzantium (which Constantine I re-named Constantinople).
*Alex
URBSROMA_CONST.JPG
Struck A.D.331 under Constantine I. AE3 "URBS ROMA" COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE of Arelate3 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA. Helmeted and plumed bust of Roma facing left.
Reverse: No legend. She-wolf standing facing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; above, two stars, crescent between them; in exergue, SCONST.
RIC VII : 356
EXTREMELY RARE
*Alex
URBSROMA_SMKDelta.JPG
Struck A.D.331 under Constantine I. AE3 "URBS ROMA" COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE of Cyzicus4 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA. Helmeted and plumed bust of Roma facing left.
Reverse: No legend. She-wolf standing facing left, unclear symbol on shoulder, suckling Romulus and Remus; above, two stars; in exergue, SMKΔ.
RIC VII : 91
VERY RARE
*Alex
CONSTANTINOPOL_TRP.JPG
Struck A.D.332 - 333 under Constantine I. AE3 "CONSTANTINOPOLIS" COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE of Treveri3 viewsObverse: CONSTANTINOPOLIS. Laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis wearing imperial mantle facing left and holding sceptre over left shoulder.
Reverse: No legend. Victory standing facing left, right foot on prow, holding sceptre and plain shield; in exergue, TR•P.
RIC VII : 543

The victory on a prow type alludes to the naval victory of Crispus and his subsequent capture of Byzantium (which Constantine I re-named Constantinople).
*Alex
URBSROMA_TRS.JPG
Struck A.D.332 - 333 under Constantine I. AE3 "URBS ROMA" COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE of Treveri (Trier)3 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA. Helmeted and plumed bust of Roma facing left.
Reverse: No legend. She-wolf, double crescent or plate in perspective symbol on shoulder, standing facing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; above, two stars; in exergue, TR•S.
RIC VII : 542

This coin is from the Grassmoor Hoard, Derbyshire, England. This hoard, consisting of some 1375 coins, was deposited about A.D.340. It was found by a metal detectorist near Chesterfield on 7th January 2001. The find site at Grassmoor lies close to the route of a Roman Road, the modern-day A61, running south from Rotherham to Derby. However, there is no evidence of any Roman settlement in the immediate area so it is thought that the hoard was either buried by a traveller along the road or by someone living close to the nearby Chesterfield fort, which seems to have been abandoned by this date. All the coins were professionally conserved and identified by the British museum. Some of the coins from the hoard were retained by the British Museum to be displayed both there and at the Chesterfield Museum, the remainder were put up for auction and this is one of those.
*Alex
CONSTANTINOPOL_CONSZ.JPG
Struck A.D.333 - 335 under Constantine I. AE3 "CONSTANTINOPOLIS" COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE of Constantinopolis4 viewsObverse: CONSTANTINOPOLI. Laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis wearing imperial mantle facing left and holding sceptre over left shoulder.
Reverse: No legend. Victory standing facing left, right foot on prow, holding sceptre and shield with dot in centre; in exergue, •CONSZ•.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 2.5gms
RIC VII : 86
EXTREMELY RARE

The victory on a prow type alludes to the naval victory of Crispus and his subsequent capture of Byzantium (which Constantine I re-named Constantinople).
*Alex
CONSTANTINOPOL_SMALA.JPG
Struck A.D.333 - 335 under Constantine I. AE3 "CONSTANTINOPOLIS" COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE of Alexandria4 viewsObverse: CONSTANTINOPOLIS. Laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis wearing imperial mantle facing left and holding sceptre over left shoulder. Dot in crest of helmet.
Reverse: No legend. Victory standing facing left, right foot on prow, holding sceptre and shield with dot in centre; in exergue, SMALA.
RIC VII : 64

The victory on a prow type alludes to the naval victory of Crispus and his subsequent capture of Byzantium (which Constantine I re-named Constantinople).
*Alex
URBSROMA_CONSE.JPG
Struck A.D.333 - 335 under Constantine I. AE3 "URBS ROMA" COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE of Constantinople9 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA. Helmeted and plumed bust of Roma facing left.
Reverse: No legend. She-wolf standing facing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; above, two stars; in exergue, CONSΕ•.
Diameter: 17mm | Weight: 2.35gms | Die Axis: 12h
RIC VII : 78 | LRBC: 1013
RARE
1 comments*Alex
URBS_ROMA_AQP_Flower.JPG
Struck A.D.334 - 335 under Constantine I. AE3 "URBS ROMA" COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE of Aquileia4 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA. Helmeted and plumed bust of Roma facing left. Two dots on helmet.
Reverse: No legend. She-wolf, flower symbol on shoulder, standing facing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; above, two stars; dot in field to right; in exergue, AQP.