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coin412.jpg
40 viewsAnonymous Class C Follis, attributed to Michael IV.
Obverse: +EMMANOVHA. Christ Antiphonetes,
nimbate, standing facing / IC-XC-NI-KA divided by
jewelled cross. Coin #412

cars100
Byzantine_follis.JPG
224 views
An Anonymous Follis Class A 2 coin, type 21
Obverse: Christ facing, holding book of gospels IC to left XC to rightEmmanovha IC XC (God with us)
Reverse: +IhSYS XRISTYS bASILEY bASILE (Jesus Christ, King of Kings)
Sear attributes it to the joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII 1020-1028 AD
Grierson in DOC says Romanus III and into Michael IV's
1 commentsJon the Lecturer
Romanus_III,_Class_B_Follis,_Constantinople,_1028-1034_AD~0.JPG
44 viewsRomanus III, Class B Follis, Constantinople, 1028-1034 AD

IC to left, XC to right
Christ, bust facing, square in each limb of nimbus cross,
holding book of gospels
IS-XS / BAS-ILE / BAS-ILE
cross with dots at the ends, on three steps
SB 1823
11.8g / 27mm
Antonivs Protti
Metapont_Nomos1.jpg
45 viewsdidrachm, 330/290 BC
7.82 g
obv: head of Demeter left
rev: ear of grain, tongs to left, META to right
(Johnston C 4.20 (this coin); Rutter, Historia Numorum 1583)
from Ars Classica 15, Luzern 1930, No. 167, ex Künker e-Auction 17, No. 7
2 commentsareich
30599.jpg
34 viewsanonymous (attributed to Alexius I). Ca. 1081-1118. AE follis (25.96 mm, 5.26 g, 12 h). anonymous class J. Constantinople mint. Facing bust of Christ, cross behind his head with 5 pellets in each limb; wearing pallium and colobium; raising hand and holding book of Gospels; / IC - C / XC / Crosss with globule and two pellets at each extremity; beneath, large crescent; around, four globules, each surrounded by pellets. SBCV 1900. Overstruck on a class I anonymous follis SBCV 1889 1 commentsQuant.Geek
Sear-2429.jpg
12 viewsAndronicus II Palaeologus, with Michael IX. 1282-1328. Æ Assarion (19mm, 1.70 g, 6h). Class III. Constantinople mint. Struck 1295-1320. Winged seraph / Half-length facing figures of Andronicus and Michael, holding patriarchal cross between them. DOC 638-46; SB 2429. VF, green and brown patina.


From the Iconodule Collection.
Quant.Geek
Sear-2365.jpg
9 viewsAndronicus II Palaeologus. 1282-1328. Æ Trachy (23.5mm, 1.09 g, 6h). Class VIII. Thessalonica mint. Six-petaled flower / Half-length facing figures of Michael, holding [cruciform scepter], and St. Demetrius, holding spear, holding between them a staff surmounted by cross within ring. DOC 736-9; SB 2365. VF, dark green and brown patina.


From the Iconodule Collection.
Quant.Geek
Sear-2374.jpg
13 viewsAndronicus II Palaeologus. 1282-1328. Æ Trachy (23.5mm, 1.61 g, 6h). Class IV. Thessalonica mint. Facing bust of St. Demetrius, holding spear and shield / Half-length winged facing figure of Andronicus, holding sword and akakia, above crenelated wall with archways. DOC 730-1; SB 2374. VF, dark green patina, minor areas of weak strike, struck on irregular flan.


From the Iconodule Collection.
Quant.Geek
capricorn.jpg
41 viewsVespasian, 69-79
Denarius 79, AR 3.52 g. Laureate head r. Rev. Capricorn l; below, globe. C 554. RIC 1058.
Ex CNG 42, 1997 lot 860; Triton VI, January 14, 2003 lot 836, Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG, Auction 92, May 23, 2016 lot 2140, Heritage Auction 3060, 1/16/2018 lot 33400, CNG Web Store (841947); NGC certification 4244139-018
5 commentspaul1888
Hadrian_and_Sabina_Alex_Tet_-_Köln_1093_lg~0.jpg
15.25 Hadrian and Sabina66 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian. AD 117-138. BI Tetradrachm (25mm, 12.94 g, 12h). Dated RY 18 (AD 133/4). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Hadrian right / Draped bust of Sabina right, wearing stephane; L–IH (date) across field. Köln 1093; Dattari (Savio) 1255; K&G 32.572. VF, find patina, slight die shift on obverse.

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 34 (6 May 1995), lot 331.

Ex CNG eAuction 318
6 commentsSosius
_1_Pertinax_RIC_11.jpg
21 Pertinax Denarius34 viewsPERTINAX
AR denarius, Rome
January 1–March 28, 193 AD

O: IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head of Pertinax right

R: PROVID DEOR COS II, Providentia standing l., raising r. hand toward star.
BMCRE 13. RIC 11(a). RSC 43. Very fine

Ex Numismatica Ars Classica
RI0132
Sosius
CaliDu01-2.jpg
37 AD Dedication of the temple of Divus Augustus288 viewsorichalcum dupondius (29mm). Rome mint. Struck AD 37.
CONSENSV SENAT·ET·EQ·ORDIN·P·Q·R Gaius seated left on curule chair
DIVVS AVGVSTVS S C radiate head of Augustus facing left
RIC (Gaius) 56; Cohen (August) 87; Foss (Roman historical coins) 60:4
ex old British (Oxford) collection

Minted under Caligula on the occasion of the dedication of a temple to Divus Agustus; the identity of the seated person is uncertain but probably Gaius. The legend 'ET EQ' refers to 'EQVES' (pl. EQVITES), 'horseman'. In the early empire, they were the holders of administrative posts of a class second only to the senators.
In the picture the obverse and reverse have accidentally been switched around.
Charles S
john.jpg
Basil II & Constantine VIII, (976-1028 A.D.)53 viewsÆ “Anonymous” Follis
Class A2
O: EMMANOVHΛ, Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium and holding book of Gospels; IC – XC in fields to left and right.
R: + IhSЧS / [X]RISTЧ[S] / bASILЄЧ / bASILЄ / ·, legend in four lines.
8.68g
26mm
SBCV 1793
5 commentsMat
Sear-1889a.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Æ Anonymous Class I Follis, Attributed to Nicephorus III (Sear-1889, DOC I.1-64)30 viewsObv: Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator
Rev: Latin cross with central X and globus and two pellets at the end of each extremity; crescents to upper left and right, floral scroll below
SpongeBob
sear1966clipped.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196666 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.


During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Antvwala
wileyc
rjb_palmyra2_08_06.jpg
Palmyra21 viewsAE 11 mm
Radiate head right (Baal?)
Radiate head left (Malakbel?)
Krzyzanowska Le monnayage de Palmyre Class XII
mauseus
phraatesIV.jpg
Phraates IV (38 -2 BC) AR Tetradrachm 286 SE /26 BC51 viewsObv: Phraates diademed and cuirassed bust left with long pointed beard - no royal wart on forehead.
Rev: The king enthroned r. being presented with a palm branch by Tyche, standing l. before him holding cornucopiae with pellet above arm. Seleucid date 286 (C Pi Sigma) above palm. Greek inscription in 7 lines BASILEOS/BASILEON; on r. ARSAKOY/EUERGETOY' below [DIKAOY]; on l. EPIPHANOUS/PHILELLANOS; month off flan below
Wt 14.1 gm, 26.3 mm, Sellwood type 55

The coin could be that of Tiridates I who also ruled for a few months in 26 BC. The features of the king on this coin are much closer to that of Phraates than of much rarer Tiridates I according to a reclassification of Sellwood types by deCallatay and this is the most believable. The lower lines of the inscription would also settle the issue but are lost on this coin.
Early coins of the Parthian empire showed strong Greek empahasis on classical Greek forms and humanism which is gradually lost as the empire matured and finally decayed. The coins become schematic and emphasize suface ornament rather than sculptural quality. One senses from the portrait of Phraates that brutality was a prerequisite for Parthian kings who routinely bumped off fathers and brothers in their rise to power. Like the Spartans, they had a powerful empire in their time but its contribution to civilization was limited in the long term.
1 commentsdaverino
00045x00.jpg
23 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (16mm, 3.97 g, 12 h)
CV
Two palm fronds
Casariego, Cores, & Pliego -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 287, lot 941 (part of)
Ardatirion
00047x00.jpg
19 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (17mm, 4.23 g)
C(VF) within pronounced beaded border
Dolphin(?)
Casariego, Cores, & Pliego -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 287, lot 941 (part of)
Ardatirion
00046x00.jpg
20 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.12 g)
V•F
Blank
Casariego, Cores, & Pliego -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 287, lot 941 (part of)
Ardatirion
image02453.jpg
30 viewsROME. Germanicus. Died AD 19.
Æ Tessera (21mm, 3.72 g, 2 h)
Cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; all within wreath
Large III; all within wreath
Buttrey 17/III

Ex Alberto Campana Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica 64, 17 May 2012), lot 2453
Ardatirion
Roman_AE_tessera~0.jpg
45 viewsROME
Æ Tessera (13mm, 0.72 g)
Crescent and stars series
Star
Three stars over crescent
Hristova & Jekov, Nikopolis -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 235, lot 494
Ardatirion
00005x00~8.jpg
15 viewsROME. Hadrian , AD 117-138
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.02 g, 12h)
HAD/ AVG
PPF
Rostovtsew 66

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
DSC_0249.jpg
21 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.46 g, 12 h)
Anchor
HYP
Rostowzew -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 267, lot 685 (part of)
Ardatirion
00003x00~8.jpg
10 viewsROME. "Domitian"
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.14 g)
Figure driving biga right, holding whip in raised hand
DOMI
Rostovtsew 734; Ruggiero 1325-8

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
tes2.jpg
32 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.42 g)
Draped (?) bust right, palm branch before
Star in crescent
Rostowzew -

Ex J.S. Wagner Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 250), lot 484 (part of)
Ardatirion
DSC_0245.jpg
18 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.54 g, 12 h)
Concordia seated left, holding patera and cornucopia
HEL
Rostowzew 1746, pl. VI, 65; BM 765

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 267, lot 685 (part of)
Ardatirion
00008x00~4.jpg
11 viewsROME
PB Tessera (14mm, 1.40 g, 12h)
Cornucipia, C H flanking
Aedicula (or lighted altar?); S S flanking
Rostovtsew –

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00026x00~3.jpg
10 viewsROME
PB Tessera (14x20mm, 3.17 g, 3h)
Diana advancing right, drawing bow
Deer running right
Cf. Rostowzew 2113 (circular examples)

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00016x00~1.jpg
10 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 4.87 g, 12h)
Dolium rotundum
QFG
Rostowzew –

Ex RBW Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 376, 15 June 2016), lot 770 (part of); Artemide 5E (19 December 2010), lot 1163 (part of)

A dolium was an exceptionally large ceramic vessel for the storage and processing of foodstuffs.
Ardatirion
00022x00~2.jpg
11 viewsROME. Flaccus-Gallus.
PB Tessera (21mm, 3.17 g, 12h)
FLAC/CVS within wreath
GAL/LVS within wreath
Rostowzew 1417; München 241; Ruggerio 2132

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00006x00~6.jpg
17 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 1.90 g, 6h)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia, within triangular frame
(HL)E
Rostovtsew –

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)

The token manufacturer accidentally combined a stock obverse intended for a triangular token with a custom reverse for a circular one.
Ardatirion
00019x00~1.jpg
11 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.77 g, 12h)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
LSS
Rostowzew –

Ex RBW Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 376, 15 June 2016), lot 770 (part of); Artemide 5E (19 December 2010), lot 1163 (part of)
Ardatirion
00018x00~3.jpg
10 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.10 g, 12h)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
M/VE
Rostowzew 2357 corr. (arrangement of rev. legend); BM 700

Ex RBW Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 376, 15 June 2016), lot 770 (part of); Artemide 5E (19 December 2010), lot 1163 (part of)
Ardatirion
00001x00~10.jpg
9 viewsROME. "Trajan"
PB Tessera (24mm, 6.12 g)
Two figures in galley left
TRA
Rostovtsew 63

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00002x00~6.jpg
21 viewsROME. P. Glitius Gallus
PB Tessera (20mm, 2.89 g, 12h)
P GLITI GALLI, bare head right
Rooster standing right, [holding rostral crown in beak and palm frond in claws]
Rostowzew 1238, pl. IV, 33; BM 932

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)

Though the exact identity of this individual is unknown, he is undoubtedly a member of the gens Glitia. It is tempting to associate him with the P. Glitius L.f. Gallus who was implicated in the Pisonian Conspiracy against the emperor Nero and ultimately exiled to the island of Andros, or his son, P. Glitius P.f. Gallus.
Ardatirion
00007x00~4.jpg
20 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.12 g, 12h)
Homonia standing left, holding cornucopia and raising hand; EPA L above
BRITL/ ALAX; palm frond above
Rostovtsew 237 corr. (legends)

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00006x00~3.jpg
12 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 4.04 g)
Juno(?) standing left, holding patera and scepter
CVV/QQQ
Rostovtsew 2586

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00004x00~8.jpg
16 viewsROME
PB Tessera (13mm, 2.40 g)
Lion advancing right
MAL
Rostovtsew 613

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00004x00~10.jpg
19 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.38 g, 12h)
Mars standing left, holding Victory and spear
Fly
Rostovtsew 188

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
DSC_0253.jpg
15 viewsROME
PB Tessera (13mm, 1.94 g, 3 h)
Mercury standing facing, holding bag and caduceus
OTR
Rostowzew -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 267, lot 685 (part of)
Ardatirion
00009x00~2.jpg
15 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.20 g, 6h)
[MAG M]INERVAL[ES M N]
Minerva or Roma standing left, holding globe and spear
Tablet (?); four styluses (?) above and below; N F flanking
Rostovtsew 876

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00023x00~2.jpg
8 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.08 g, 12 h)
Modius with three grain ears
DR
Rostowzew 388. "Draconia Genus" in India ink on reverse

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of).
Ardatirion
00003x00~10.jpg
17 viewsROME
PB Tessera (21mm, 3.18 g)
Oyster, with open shell
OSTR/EVM within wreath
Rostovtsew –

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00005x00~5.jpg
20 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.57 g, 12h). Saturnalia issue
Palm frond; IO S(AT) across fields
Wreath
Rostowzew 504; Rostowzew & Prou 100

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00003x00~6.jpg
9 viewsROME. C. Salvidienus
PB Tessera (18mm, 2.82 g, 12h)
Palm frond
C SAL/VIDIE/NV
Rostowzew 1310 corr. (rev. legend); BM 1908

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00002x00~7.jpg
10 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 5.72 g)
Palm frond; wreath to left, S to right
Ampulla atop strigil
Rostovtsew 899, pl. X, 23

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
DSC_0243.jpg
33 viewsROME. Romula Agas(iae?)
PB Tessera (22mm, 7.58 g, 12 h)
ROM/ VLA
Clipeus; A A/ C S
Rostowzew 1478; München 243; Turcan 194-5; Milan 211; Kircheriano 2004-7

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 267, lot 685 (part of)

Rostowzew cites a surprising twenty-six specimens, including several with square flans.
Ardatirion
00017x00~3.jpg
10 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.60 g, 2h)
Silvanus standing left, holding scythe and branch
Bear(?) advancing right
Rostowzew – (but cf. 2982 for an example with a bear)

Ex RBW Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 376, 15 June 2016), lot 770 (part of); Artemide 5E (19 December 2010), lot 1163 (part of)

The reverse figure is crudely engraved, but clearly not a stag.
Ardatirion
tes1.jpg
41 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.60 g)
Head of Sol right
Head of horse right, flail behind
Rostowzew 757. fig. 64; München 166; Milan 134; Kircheriano 1017; BM 413-6

Ex J.S. Wagner Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 250), lot 484 (part of)

Rostowzew places this with the "Tesserae speculatorum" for use in the Circus.
1 commentsArdatirion
00012x00.jpg
31 viewsROME. Durmius Successus
PB Tessera (19mm, 2.74 g)
Three aspects of Hekate
DVR/ SVC
Rostowzew 1210, pl. XI 4 (cast from same mold as illustrated specimen); Turcan 174

Ex Mark Staal Three Graces Collection; Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 232, Lot 515 (part of); purchased from Divus Numismatic, May 2007

Rostowzew places this with the "Tesserae nominibus virorum et mulierum signatae."
Ardatirion
00014x00.jpg
24 viewsROME. L. Volusi Primi
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.65 g)
Three aspects of Hekate
LVOLV/ SIPRIMI
Rostowzew 1345, pl. XI 23 (cast from same mold as illustrated specimen); München 237; Kircheriano 405-8; BM 1349-50

Ex Mark Staal Three Graces Collection; Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 232, Lot 515 (part of); purchased from Mediterranean Coins, April 2004

Rostowzew places this with the "Tesserae nominibus virorum et mulierum signatae."
Ardatirion
gracesmodius.jpg
32 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.96 g, 12 h)
The Charites (the Three Graces) standing, the left and right facing, the middle with back to view
Modius with three grain ears
Rostovtzev 358; Milan 52; München 67-70; BM 1330-3, 1335-8, 1340-1; Staal Appendix A, p. 148 (this coin illustrated)

Ex Mark Staal Three Graces Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 300), lot 432 (part of)
1 commentsArdatirion
DSC_0247.jpg
21 viewsROME
PB Tessera (14mm, 1.30 g, 6 h)
Tree
DI
Cf. Rostowzew 426, pl. III, 48 (similar tree)

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 267, lot 685 (part of)
Ardatirion
00002x00~8.jpg
8 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 3.66 g)
Trophy
Aeneas standing left, carrying Anchises and palladium
Rostovtsew 118

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
DSC_0251.jpg
30 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 4.06 g, 1 h)
Venus standing left, holding mirror and adjusting hair; TIVS to right
Venus standing left, holding mirror and adjusting hair; palm frond to right
Rostowzew 3091, pl. VIII, 2; München 594

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 267, lot 685 (part of)
Ardatirion
00025x00~1.jpg
12 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 2.94 g, 6h)
Victory standing right, holding wreath and palm frond
M
Rostowzew 1956 var. (no letters on obv.). "IVLIA" and "VICTOR" in India ink on obverse, "FARSALI/IA" and "MAXIMA" on reverse

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00003x00~7.jpg
10 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.01 g)
Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm frond
Trophy
Rostovtsew 131

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
Greek_-_Uncertain_Northern_Greek_1.jpg
32 viewsNORTHERN GREECE, Uncertain
PB Tessera (16mm, 4.01 g)
Boar at bay right
Hound standing right

Ex Classical Numismatics Group 85 (15 September 2010), lot 330a
Ardatirion
Greek_-_Uncertain_Northern_Greek_3.jpg
25 viewsNORTHERN GREECE, Uncertain
PB Tessera (14mm, 3.65 g)
Bull standing right
Pitchfork

Ex Classical Numismatics Group 85 (15 September 2010), lot 330c
Ardatirion
Greek_-_Uncertain_Northern_Greek_4.jpg
21 viewsNORTHERN GREECE, Uncertain
PB Tessera(15mm, 3.98 g)
Female standing left, holding two grain ears
Male(?) reclining left, holding pitchfork

Ex Classical Numismatics Group 85 (15 September 2010), lot 330d
Ardatirion
Greek_-_Uncertain_Northern_Greek_2.jpg
30 viewsNORTHERN GREECE, Uncertain
PB Tessera (16mm, 3.96 g)
Goat standing right
Bunch of grapes hanging from vine

Ex Classical Numismatics Group 85 (15 September 2010), lot 330b
Ardatirion
00018x00.jpg
37 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.30 g)
The Charites (the Three Graces) standing, the left and right facing, the middle with back to view
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç 53 var. (reverse type)

Ex Mark Staal Three Graces Collection; Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 232, lot 515 (part of). Found near Ephesus.
Ardatirion
new.jpg
28 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (18mm, 4.03 g)
The Charites (the Three Graces) standing, the left and right facing, the middle with back to view
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç 53 var. (reverse type)

Ex Mark Staal Three Graces Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 300), lot 432 (part of)
1 commentsArdatirion
Retarrifed_Vespasian_as.jpg
105 viewsROME. Titus. As Caesar, AD 69-79.
Æ As (20mm, 9.84 g, 6 h)
Rome mint. Struck AD 77-78.
Retarrifed under by the Ostrogothic kingdom in Italy as 42 nummi, 6th century AD.
Laureate head left; XLII (= mark of value, 42 nummi) carved before bust
Spes standing left, holding flower and raising hem of skirt
For host coin:cf. RIC II 1101. For revaluation: cf. Morrisson, Re-use 19; cf. MEC 1, 76 (Vespasian)

Ex Giamba Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 82, 16 September 2009), lot 1139
3 commentsArdatirion
DSC_0257.jpg
42 viewsBYZANTINE. Basileos. Circa 1080-1180
PB Seal (16mm, 5.15 g, 12h)
CΦPA/ ΓIC ΠЄ/ ΦVKA
TωN/ ΛOΓωN/ RACIΛ
Münz Zentrum 161 (11 January 2012), lot 841, otherwise unpublished

Ex Classical Numismatic Group E267, lot 685 (part of)
Ardatirion
pharoah.jpg
39 viewsEGYPT, Arsinoe (Krokodilopolis)
PB Tessera. (25mm, 7.23 g)
Head of Pharoah right
Serapis seated left on throne, holding scepter
Milne 5442 (Fayûm class); Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3614

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 238, lot 295

Milne gives this type to an uncertain city in the Fayûm. Considering the thematic and stylistic similarities with the named piece of Arsinoe, an attribution to this city is probable.
Ardatirion
2740288.jpg
50 viewsEGYPT, Athribis
PB Tessera (24mm, 5.17 g, 12h).
Tyche reclining left on couch (hiera klinê, or lectisternium), holding rudder in outstretched right hand and resting head on raised left set on pillow; A[Θ]PI[B]IC/ [ΠOΛ]OI above
Nike standing right, holding palm frond and presenting wreath to Serapis standing left, holding long scepter in left hand and raising right
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 274, lot 288 (there as Memphis).
Ardatirion
ago.jpg
26 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (24 mm, 13.90 g)
Athena standing left, holding Nike and grounded shield
AΓO
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3560

Ex Classical Numismatics Group Electronic Auction 238, lot 294
Ardatirion
2870389.jpg
31 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.89 g, 1h)
Draped male bust left, holding spear over shoulder
Bust of Nilus left; palm frond before, cornucopia over shoulder
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -

Ex Greenpoint Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 287), lot 389
Ardatirion
973330.jpg
32 viewsBRITISH TOKENS, Tudor. temp. Mary–Edward VI.1553-1558.
PB Token (27mm, 5.29 g). St. Nicholas (‘Boy Bishop’) type. Cast in East Anglia (Bury St. Edmund’s?)
Mitre, croizer to right; all within border
Long cross pattée with trefoils in angles; scrollwork border
Rigold, Tokens class X.B, 1; Mitchiner & Skinner group Ra, 1

Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX.1 (Spring 2014), no. 973330

Britain in the late middle ages played host to a popular regional variant of the ‘Feast of Fools’ festival. Every year on the feast of St. Nicholas, a boy was elected from among the local choristers to serve as ‘bishop.’ Dressed in mitre and bearing the croizer of his office, the young boy paraded through the city accompanied by his equally youthful ‘priest’ attendants. The ‘bishop’ performed all the ceremonies and offices of the real bishop, save for the actual conducting of mass. Though this practice was extinguished with the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1539, it was briefly revived under Queen Mary, who took particular interest in the festival, when the lucky boy was referred to as ‘Queen Mary’s Child.’ The celebration of the boy bishop died out completely early in the reign of Elizabeth.

Evidence of this custom is particularly prevalent in East Anglia, specifically at Bury St. Edmunds. Beginning in the late 15th century, the region produced numerous lead tokens bearing the likeness of a bishop, often bearing legends relating to the festival of St. Nicholas. Issued in sizes roughly corresponding to groats, half groats, and pennies, these pieces were undoubtedly distributed by the boy bishop himself, and were likely redeemable at the local abbey or guild for treats and sweetmeats. Considering the endemic paucity of small change in Britain at the time, it is likely that, at least in parts of East Anglia, these tokens entered circulation along with the other private lead issues that were becoming common.
Ardatirion
2900057.jpg
88 viewsTHESSALY, The Oitaioi. Circa 167-146 BC.
AR Hemidrachm (15mm, 2.30 g, 1h)
Herakleia Trachinia mint
Lion’s head left, spear in its jaws
OITAI downward to right, ΩN downward to left, Herakles standing facing, holding club in both hands
Valassiadis 9; BCD Thessaly II 494 (same obverse die)

Ex BCD Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 290), lot 57; Peus 384 (2 November 2005), lot 199; Vinchon (20 May 1959), lot 483; M. Ratto 11 (16 May 1935), lot 239; R. Ratto (4 April 1927), lot 1023; Naville-Ars Classica V (18 June 1923), lot 1764
2 commentsArdatirion
charlemagne-denier-bourges~0.JPG
D.175 Charles the Great [Charlemagne] (denier, class 3, Bourges)16 viewsCharles the Great, king of the Franks (768-840) and Holy Roman emperor (800-814)
Denier (Bourges, class 3, 781-800)

Silver, 1.18 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ [+CA]RLVS REX FR; cross pattée with a crescent in each quarter
R/ [+B]ITVRICA[S]; carolingian monogram KRLS

For the 3rd type of his coinage, Charles the Great introduced the famous KRLS monogram. This one contains all the letters of Karolvs : the consonants are clearly written at the edges and bound by a lozenge. The vowels are at the center of the monogram: A (using the upper part of the lozenge, O as the whole lozenge and V as the down part of the lozenge).
This monogram still appeared two centuries later in the coinage of Hugh Capet, first capetian king.
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louis1-denier-melle-lin.JPG
D.609 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)49 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.48 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ META / . / LLVM

Louis' deniers correspond to his father's (Charles the Great) ``novus denarius'', whose weight is supposed to be near 1.7 g with a certain variability.

This denier is typical of Class 2 of Louis' coinage (819-822).
A circular inscription of the name of the ruler surrounds a cross pattée on the observe. The quite surprising Hlvdovvicvs initially comes from the germanic name Chlodowig ("Clovis"). This one was first transcribed to latin as Chlodowicvs. The initial C then disappeared, which explains the H at the beginning. The w(=vv) finally became a standard v, which gave Lvdovicvs (Louis). The imperial title imp is also given.

The reverse consists of the mint name, in field. The mint name may be split in 2 or 3 lines.
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louis1-denier-bourges.JPG
D.177 Louis the Pious (denier, Bourges, class 2)11 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Bourges, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.71 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ BITV / RIGES


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louis1-denier-quentovic.JPG
D.803 Louis the Pious (denier, Quentovic, class 2)17 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Quentovic, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.55 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ QVENTO / . / VICVS

Qventovic was a former port close to the English Channel in the northern part of France. It was a prominent trading place until it was abandoned, probably in the 11th century, because of Viking attacks.
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louis1-denier-dorestadt.JPG
D.416 Louis the Pious (denier, Dorstadt, class 2)9 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Dorstadt, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.13 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ DOR / ESTA / TVS
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louis1-obole-melle-lin.JPG
D.613var Louis the Pious (obol, Melle, class 2)34 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.74 g, 17 mm diameter, die axis 9 h

O/ LVDO / VVIC
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

As the value of a denier was quite important (a sheep typically cost 10 deniers during Charles the Great's reign), a smaller coin was needed. Clearly speaking, an obol is a half-denier. The carolingian coinage is typically one of silver deniers and obols. Obols and deniers were usually produced by pairs of the same kind.

Contrary to the related denier, the name of the ruler is here in the field and the mint name surrounds a cross pattée.
The absence of the imperial title made think that the coin had been struck when Louis was king of Aquitaine (before the death of Charles the Great). However there are similar obols with out of Aquitain mints. The absence of the imperial title (as well as an abbreviated name Lvdovvic instead of Hlvdovvicvs) may be due to a lack of space.
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louis1-obole-bourges.JPG
D.180 Louis the Pious (obol, Bourges, class 2)6 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Bourges, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.64 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 8 h

O/ LVDO / VVIC
R/ +BITVRIGES; cross pattée


Droger
louis1-denier-melle-circ.JPG
D.611 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)33 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 6 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obsverse is similar to the previous denier. The difference is that the mint name is around a cross pattée on the reverse. This type is scarer than the one with the mint name in the field. The presence of both types in a hoard shows that both date from the beginning of Louis' reign and belong to the same Class 2.
Grierson and Blackburn suggest that this difference is due to a misunderstanding of the mint instructions.
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louis1-obole-melle-circ.JPG
D.612var Louis the Pious (obol, Melle, class 2)32 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.78 g, 15.5 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obol of this type is simply a reduced size version but is identical to the related denier.

Droger
louis1-denier-temple.JPG
D.1179 Louis the Pious (denier, class 3)51 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 1.56 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

The XPISTIANA should be read "χρISTIANA", nice mix of greek and latin letters.

This is the most common carolingian coin (Class 3 of Louis' coinage).
The obverse is the same as Class 2. However, the reverse is a signature of the alliance between the Carolingians and the Roman Church, which began with Louis' father (Charles the Great) and the systematic introduction of a cross on coins. Louis carried on...

There is no indication of the mint name on this coinage. This fact is generally interpreted as a reinforcement of the imperial autority. Many people tried to localize the precise location of mints. Simon Coupland proposed an attribution, using stylistic similarities to other coins of well known mints. Some cases are easy to attribute but not this one (maybe Quentovic or Verdun ?)...

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louis1-denier-temple-2.JPG
D.1179 Louis the Pious (denier, class 3)30 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 1.52 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 9 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée s with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

Another example of temple denier with a different style, which suggests a different mint. The letters are cruder and the legend is slightly degenerated (retrograd S, MP instead of IMP for the title).
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louis1-obole-temple.JPG
D.1180 Louis the Pious (obol, class 3)10 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" obol (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 0.69 g, 16 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +PSTIΛNΛ REICIO; temple

This obol is a reduced version of the temple denier.
Droger
louis1-obole-2xlegchret.JPG
D.abs Louis the Pious (obol, class 3)19 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (unknown mint in the south-east of France?, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 0.77 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 5 h

O/ +PISTIΛNΛ PI; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +OPISTIΛNΛ PE; cross pattée

This obol may be due to a double reverse error because of the absence of the sovereign's name and the legend repetition on both sides. However several dies were used to strike this type (I could find 3 obverse and 3 reverse dies), one side always bears 4 pellets as the other does not. One of the reverse dies is associated to the more typical obverse legend +HLVDOVVICVS I. Consequently an error does not seem to be likely. Because of hoard localizations, these obols seem to come from a single mint, in the south-east of France (Lyon, Arles?).
1 commentsDroger
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D.621 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1a, Melle)25 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1a, 840-864)

Silver, 1.70 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ META / • / LLVM

Class 1 of Charles the Bald's coinage is made of totally different types of coins, which may reflect the state of the kingdom after 3 years of civil war and the division of the Empire.

Class 1a: mint in the field, with a linear legend
Class 1b: bust
Class 1c: city gate
Class 1d: KRLS monogram
Class 1e: temple

Coupland suggests that this particular scarce type (with META/LLVM on the reverse) had been minted from June 848, just after Charles the Bald finally defeated his nephew Pippin II for Aquitaine's control. The aim of minting a special type like this was to show a clear difference with the previsous coinage of Pippin II. A little later, Charles the Blad went on with the typical coinage of Melle (monogram ; circular mint name).
1 commentsDroger
charles2-denier-paris.JPG
D.761 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1a, Paris)10 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Paris, class 1a, 840-864)

Silver, 1.69 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 7h

O/ +CΛR•LVS RE•X FR ; cross pattée
R/ PΛRI / • / S◂II



Droger
charles2-obole-bourges-aq.jpg
D.197 Charles II the Bald (obol, class 1a, Bourges, Aquitaine)20 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Obol (Bourges, Aquitaine, class 1a, 848-849 ?)

Silver, 0.80 g, 17 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX ; cross pattée
R/ AQUI / • / TANIA

The obols of Charles the Bald with AQUITANIA on the reverse are thought to have been minted in Bourges due to hoard studies. For instance, Chaumoux-Marcilly (small village near Bourges) hoard was found in 1930. It had in it 40 coins of Charles the Bald: 20 from Bourges, 17 obols with AQVITANIA, 2 from Melle and one from Orléans. This hoard is consequently supposed to be made of local coins, and AQVITANIA obols of Charles the Bald are supposed to have been minted in Bourges.

1 commentsDroger
charles2-denier_orleans-porte.JPG
D.725 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1c, Orléans)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier with a gate (Orléans, class 1c, 840-864)

Silver, 1.26 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée with four pellets
R/ +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS; city gate with two pellets on sides

The gate motif goes back to Roman times and was used by early Carolingians (and Capetians later).
There is a small misprint on the reverse : +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS instead +ΛVRE-LI-ΛNIS
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charles2-denier-rexfr-melle.JPG
D.606 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1d, Melle)49 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.35 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ +METVLLO; carolingian monogram

The KRLS monogram was first introduced by Charles' great father, Charles the Great (Charlemagne). Charlemagne's son (Louis the Pious) never used a monogram, contrary to most carolingian rulers as Charles the Bald in particular.

This is the second most common carolingian coin.

Charlemagne minted exactly similar coins (Class 3). The question of the attribution to Charles the Great or the Bald has of course been widely discussed on grounds of style, weight, composition (work of Guillaume Sarah), position of the legend... These studies didn't lead to any clear conclusion although these deniers may often be attributed to Charlemagne. New hoards have to be found to resolve this issue.
By then, these coins have to be attributed to Charles the Bald by reason of the relative number of minted coins.
Droger
charles2-obole-melle.JPG
D.622 Charles II the Bald (obol, class 1d, Melle)31 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Obol (Melle, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 0.65 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 8h

O/ carolingian monogram
R/ +METVLLO; cross pattée


Certainly because of the lack of space, there isn't any legend with the ruler's name on the obverse but a carolingian KRLS monogram.
The attribution to Charles the Bald or Charles the Great is uncertain, like for the denier's case.
Droger
charles2-denier-melle-2.JPG
D.626 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1d, Melle)25 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.73 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX; cross pattée
R/ +METVLLO; carolingian monogram

This coinage with the shorter legend CΛRLVS REX is much rarer than the common one with the legend CΛRLVS REX FR. The composition of a hoard in Poitou suggests that this type can be unambiguously attributed to Charles the Bald. This coinage may have been minted at the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign, just before Pippin II took the control of Melle in 845.
Among the 12 known specimens, 5 have a deformed monogram, with the L and the S exchanging places, and on their sides. This feature, the shorter legend, as well as the unusual position of the legend opening cross on top of the monogram may suggest that there was some confusion in Melle at this time, when Charles gave back (temporarily) Aquitaine to Pippin.
The reverse is slightly double struck.
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charles2-denier-mellex.JPG
D.627 Charles II the Bald (denier ?, class 1d, Melle)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle ?, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.35 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX R; cross pattée
R/ +METxVLLO; carolingian monogram

The x in METxVLLO on the reverse has been widely discussed.
For instance, Depeyrot understands it as an immobilization/feudal issue. The crude style of theses deniers and the lightly degenerate legend of this one (CARLVS REX R instead of REX FR) seems in coherence with this hypothesis. However, the x is always at the same place.
Moreover, this type of coin has been found in the Brioux hoard, which may be datable to the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign. Grierson and Blackburn suggest that these coins with x were mainly minted in Poitiers. Using the legend of the close Melle mint allowed to take advantage of the reputation of Melle coinage.
Coupland proposes that this METxVLLO type came after the METVLLO type after 860 and until round 925. Then, it was replaced by the MET/ALO type. In order to explain the differences of interpretation, Coupland thinks that several hoards were wrongly dated or described.
Droger
charles2-denier-temple.JPG
D.1189 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1e,Orléans)40 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
"Temple" denier (Orléans, class 1e, 840-864)

Silver, 1.64 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 8h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ +XPISTIΛNΛ RELIGIO; temple

This other example of Class 1 is the continuation of Louis the Pious' temple denier. XPISTIANA RELIGIO is then most often replaced by the mint name.
Although this is not the case for this specimen, the mint attribution is very clear. It is Orléans, because of the exaggerated S of XPISTIANA and the first I of RELIGIO is in the angle of the L.
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charles2-denier-temple-paris.JPG
D.762 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1e, Paris)28 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
"Temple" denier (Paris, class 1e, 840-864)

Silver, 1.70 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 4h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ +PΛRISII CIVITΛS; temple

The mint's name (Paris) stands in for the usual legend XPISTIANA RELIGIO. The royal authority may have been quite weak in the beginning of Charles' reign, and each mint may have been tempted to make a clear legend to characterize its own coinage.
Droger
charles2-denier-temple-orleans.JPG
D.726 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1e, Orléans)15 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
"Temple" denier (Orléans, class 1e, 840-864)

Silver, 1.53 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +ΛVR-ELI-ΛNIS; temple

Droger
charles2-gdr-curtisasonien.JPG
D.375 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Courcessin?)35 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Courcessin?, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.43 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +I.CVRTISΛSONIEH; cross pattée

In 864, Charles the Bald promulgated the edict of Pîtres, huge reform whose aim was to protect the kingdom from Viking raids. It also reinforced royal authority on minting, and created a new type of deniers . The new coins could be only struck at 10 mints (Palace, Chalon sur Saône, Melle, Narbonne, Orléans, Paris, Quentovic, Reims, Rouen and Sens). This limitation had never been applied, more than 110 mints struck the new coinage. This can be understood as a lack of control of the central autority. However it seems that several mints shared dies... Grierson and Blackburn proposed that only 10 main mints produced dies and partially outsourced coinage production ?
On the obverse is written GRATIA D-I REX (GDR) around a carolingian monogram. The alliance with Roman Church goes on... The reverse already existed for Class 1, with the mint name around a cross pattée.
Class 2 of Charles' coinage is made of these GDR deniers.

The precise localization of the mint in Normandie (north of France) is still not clear. According to Grierson and Blackburn, Courti(s) Sasonien(sis) may come from some groups of Saxons settled in northern part of Gaul.
Droger
charles2-denier-gdr-orleans.JPG
D.727 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Orléans)14 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Orléans, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.80 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛS; cross pattée

This is another typical example of Class 2 (GDR type).
Cenabum was a gallic stronghold of the Carnute tribe. It was conquered and destroyed by Caesar in 52 BC, and then maybe rebuilt by the emperor Aurelian. This may be the origin the city's name.
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charles2-denier-gdr-palais.JPG
D.750 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Palace Mint)4 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Palace Mint, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 2h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +PΛLΛTINΛ MONE; cross pattée

Droger
charles2-gdr-quentovic.JPG
D.811 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Quentovic)37 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Quentovic, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.64 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +QVVENTOVVCI; cross pattée with 2 globules

This is another typical example of Class 2 (GDR type).
Droger
charles2-denier-gdr-dijon.JPG
D.399 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Dijon)21 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Dijon, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 0.91 g, 19.5 mm diameter, die axis 2h

O/ +C[RATIA] D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +DIVIONI C[AST]RE; cross pattée

This is another less common example of Class 2 (GDR type).
Droger
charles2-obole-rouen-gdr.JPG
D.880 Charles II the Bald (obol, class 2, Rouen)14 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR obol (Rouen, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 0.73 g, 14 mm diameter, die axis 10h

O: +CRΛTIΛ D-I REX;carolingian monogram
R: +ROTVHΛCVS CIVI; cross pattée

Obol of GDR type
Droger
charles2-denier-lemans.JPG
D.559 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Le Mans)12 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Le Mans, class 2, 864-875 or end of the 8th/beginning of the 10th century)

Silver, 1.42 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O: +G I RΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R: +CINOMΛNIS CIVITΛS; cross pattée

Due to the degenerate legend and monogram, this coin may be an immobilization.
Droger
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D.198 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 3, Bourges)27 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877) and Holy Roman Emperor (875-877)
Denier (Bourges, class 2, 876-877)

Silver, 1.47 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS IMP ΛVG; cross pattée
R/ +BITVRICES CIVIT; carolingian monogram

In 875, after the death of his nephew, the Emperor Louis II, Charles received the imperial crown.
The related coinage clearly shows the imperial title in a roman way, IMP AVG. This coinage may be undistinguishable from the one of Charles the Fat (885-887), when he assumed West Francia kingship (before being chased by Eudes, count of Paris and next king of the Franks).
Droger
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D.1007 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 3, Toulouse)13 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877) and Holy Roman Emperor (875-877)
Denier (Toulouse, class 2, 876-877)

Silver, 1.59 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 7h

O/ +CΛRLVS IMP R- ; cross pattée
R/ +TOLOSΛ+CIVI ; CA / RL in the center

The presence of the name of the sovereign on the reverse is quite rare for carolingian coins. This is also the case for Toulouse deniers of Charles the Bald's Louis II (or grandson Louis III) with LV / DO.

This coinage is also sometimes attributed to Charles the Fat.
1 commentsDroger
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(1059) CONSTANTINE X27 views1059-1067 AD
AE FOLLIS 31 mm max. 6.92 g
Obverse: Christ facing
Reverse: Eudocia and Constantine facing
SB 1853
(gouges on obverse are the result of overstriking on an earlier issue that appears to be a class D anonymous follis (Sear 1836).
laney
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001 - Anonymus follis class A2 - Sear 181346 viewsObv: +EMMANOVHA, Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with two pellets in each limb of cross, pallium and colobium, and holding book of Gospels, the cover ornamented with central pellet in border of dots. To left IC and to right XC.
Rev: IhSYS / XRISTYS / bASILEY / bASILE in foyr lines. Dot above and below.
This type is attributed to the joint regin of Basil II and Constantine VIII 976-1025 AD.
30.0 mm. diameter.
pierre_p77
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001. MARK ANTONY161 viewsJULIUS CAESAR and MARK ANTONY. 43 BC.

Hardly any of his assassins survived Caesar for more than three years, or died a natural death. They were all condemned, and they perished in various ways---some by shipwreck, some in battle; some took their own lives with the self-same dagger with which they had impiously slain Caesar.

Fourré Denarius (19mm, 3.63 gm).

Obv: Bare head of Mark Antony right; lituus behind
Rev: Laureate head of Julius Caesar right, jug behind.
Ref: Crawford 488/1; CRI 118; Sydenham 1165; RSC 2. Near VF, porous, several large breaks in plating revealing the copper core.
Source: Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1087.
Ex CNG Electronic Auction 105 lot 141 229/150
BFBV

I don't usually buy fourres; but in reality, I have no chance of owning this popular type given my budget.
1 commentsecoli
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002 - Nero (54-68 AD), as - RIC 54369 viewsObv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P MAX TR P P P, laureate head left.
Rev: S - C, Victory flying left holding shield inscribed S P Q R.
Minted in Lugdunum c. 66 AD.

The shield held by Victory is the golden shield that was dedicated to Augustus by the Senate and Roman People (S. P. Q. R.) in recognition of his classic, cardinal virtues. By placing the shield and Victory on his coin, Nero was claiming these same virtues were part of his regime. (From: Forum Ancient Coin´s catalog nr 28743, after Roman History from Coins by Michael Grant).
3 commentspierre_p77
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005. CLAUDIUS 41 AD - 54 AD53 viewsCLAUDIUS. 41-54 AD.

I, Claudius was a very sympathetic treatment of Claudius; nevertheless, along with Claudius the God, those books hold a special place in my library. Without those books, I would not have taken an interest in the classics in high school, and subsequently, ancient coins. Certainly Claudius was not a saint; nor good as we define a person now; but given the circumstances and the unlimited power he weld, few of us could have done it better.

Æ As (9.50 gm). Bare head left / Libertas standing right, holding pileus. RIC I 113; BMCRE 202; Cohen 47. Ex-CNG
1 commentsecoli
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01.- Attica Tetradrachm (454-404 BC)23 viewsATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (22mm, 17.09 g, 8h). Helmeted head of Athena right / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent behind; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. VF, lightly toned, minor area of porosity on obverse, graffito and slight die shift on reverse.
Purchased at Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. auction in 2015.
3 commentsOscar D
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010. Vespasian 69 AD - 79 AD36 viewsVespasian

The character of this emperor showed very little, if anything, of the pagan tyrant. Though himself a man of no literary culture, he became the protector of his prisoner of war, the Jewish historian Josephus, a worshipper of the One God, and even permitted him the use of his own family name (Flavius). While this generosity may have been in some degree prompted by Josephus's shrewd prophecy of Vespasian's elevation to the purple, there are other instances of his disposition to reward merit in those with whom he was by no means personally sympathetic. Vespasian has the distinction of being the first Roman Emperor to transmit the purple to his own son; he is also noteworthy in Roman imperial history as having very nearly completed his seventieth year and died a natural death: being in feeble health, he had withdrawn to benefit by the purer air of his native Reate, in the "dewy fields" (rosei campi) of the Sabine country. By his wife, Flavia Domitilla, he left two sons, Titus and Domitian, and a daughter, Domitilla, through whom the name of Vespasian's empress was passed on to a granddaughter who is revered as a confessor of the Faith.

A man of strict military discipline and simple tastes, Vespasian proved to be a conscientious and generally tolerant administrator. More importantly, following the upheavals of A.D. 68-69, his reign was welcome for its general tranquility and restoration of peace. In Vespasian Rome found a leader who made no great breaks with tradition, yet his ability ro rebuild the empire and especially his willingness to expand the composition of the governing class helped to establish a positive working model for the "good emperors" of the second century. In contrast to his immediate imperial predecessors, Vespasian died peacefully - at Aquae Cutiliae near his birthplace in Sabine country on 23 June, A.D. 79, after contracting a brief illness. The occasion is said to have inspired his deathbed quip: "Oh my, I must be turning into a god!"

Denarius. IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right / VES-TA to either side of Vesta standing left, holding simpulum & scepter. RSC 574
ecoli
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011a. Julia Titi56 viewsJulia Flavia (17 September 64 - 91) was the only child to the Emperor Titus from his second marriage to the well-connected Marcia Furnilla. Titus divorced Furnilla after Julia's birth. Julia was born in Rome.

When growing up, Titus offered her in marriage to his brother Domitian, but he refused because of his infatuation with Domitia Longina. Later she married her second cousin Titus Flavius Sabinus, brother to consul Titus Flavius Clemens, who married her first cousin Flavia Domitilla. By then Domitian had seduced her.

When her father and husband died, she became Emperor Domitian’s mistress. He openly showed his love. Falling pregnant, Julia died of a forced abortion. Julia was deified and her ashes her mixed with Domitian by an old nurse secretly in the Temple of the Flavians.

AEOLIS, Temnus. Julia Titi. Augusta, AD 79-91. Æ 16mm (2.18 gm). Draped bust right / EPI AGNOU THMNIT, Athena standing left, holding palladium and scepter, shield resting on ground. RPC II 981. Near VF, dark green patina, small flan crack. Ex-CNG

From the Garth R. Drewry Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 51 (15 September 1999), lot 875; Marcel Burstein Collection.
ecoli
KnidosARdrachm.jpg
020a, CARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm.65 viewsCARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm - 16mm (6.06 g). Obverse: forepart of roaring lion right; Reverse: archaic head of Aphrodite right, hair bound with taenia. Cahn 80 (V38/R53); SNG Helsinki 132 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 232 (same dies). Toned, near VF, good metal. Ex Barry P. Murphy.

While this coin falls within the time frame that numismatists call "Classical" Greek coinage, I have chosen to place it in both the "Archaic" (coin 020a) and "Classical" Greek sections of my collection. This specimen is one of those wonderful examples of transition--it incorporates many elements of the "Archaic" era, although it is struck during the "Classical" Greek period and anticipates characteristics of the later period.

As noted art historian Patricia Lawrence has pointed out, "[this specimen portrays] A noble-headed lion, a lovely Late Archaic Aphrodite, and [is made from]. . . beautiful metal." The Archaic Aphrodite is reminiscent of certain portraits of Arethusa found on tetradrachms produced in Syracuse in the first decade of the 5th century BC.

Knidos was a city of high antiquity and as a Hellenic city probably of Lacedaemonian colonization. Along with Halicarnassus (present day Bodrum, Turkey) and Kos, and the Rhodian cities of Lindos, Kamiros and Ialyssos it formed the Dorian Hexapolis, which held its confederate assemblies on the Triopian headland, and there celebrated games in honour of Apollo, Poseidon and the nymphs.

The city was at first governed by an oligarchic senate, composed of sixty members, and presided over by a magistrate; but, though it is proved by inscriptions that the old names continued to a very late period, the constitution underwent a popular transformation. The situation of the city was favourable for commerce, and the Knidians acquired considerable wealth, and were able to colonize the island of Lipara, and founded a city on Corcyra Nigra in the Adriatic. They ultimately submitted to Cyrus, and from the battle of Eurymedon to the latter part of the Peloponnesian War they were subject to Athens.

In their expansion into the region, the Romans easily obtained the allegiance of Knidians, and rewarded them for help given against Antiochus by leaving them the freedom of their city.

During the Byzantine period there must still have been a considerable population: for the ruins contain a large number of buildings belonging to the Byzantine style, and Christian sepulchres are common in the neighbourhood.

Eudoxus, the astronomer, Ctesias, the writer on Persian history, and Sostratus, the builder of the celebrated Pharos at Alexandria, are the most remarkable of the Knidians mentioned in history.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cnidus

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
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03. Celtic AE tetradrachm - KAPOSTALER type - c.100-75/50 BC673 viewsobv: Degraded head of Zeus right
rev: Horseman left, with large crest above head; crescent to left
ref: Pink 484-495; Göbl OTA 484-495; LaTour 9807; Kostial 766-797; Dembski 1413-1427;
mint: Szalacska oppidum
8.64gms, 22mm

Description of this type see my East celtic coins topic at the Classical Numismatics
berserker
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032 - Maximian (286-305 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 404, 407 (hybrid unlisted in RIC)44 viewsObv: IMP MAXIMIANUS AVG, radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding globe.
Rev: PAX AVGG, Minerva standing left, leaning on shield, holding olive branch and spear.
Minted in Lugdunum (C in exe, * in left field) 292-294 AD.

This coin is a hybrid between RIC 404 (as above but without the * and C(?)) and 407 (with * and C) and not listed in RIC. However Bastien lists this coin (vol 7, nr 488) with five examples cited. Not a very pretty coin but somehow interesting anyway as it turned out. Thanks to Jochen and maridvnvm of the FORUM´s classical numismatics discussion board for the info.

[Sold]
2 commentspierre_p77
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05. Celtic AE tetradrachm - KAPOSTALER type - c.100-75/50 BC475 viewsobv: Degraded head of Zeus right
rev: Horseman left, with large crest above head; crescent to left
ref: Pink 484-495; Göbl OTA 484-495; LaTour 9807; Kostial 766-797; Dembski 1413-1427;
mint: Szalacska oppidum
8.12gms, 22mm

Description of this type see my East celtic coins topic at the Classical Numismatics
berserker
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06. Celtic AE tetradrachm - KAPOSTALER type - c.100-75/50 BC446 viewsobv: Degraded head of Zeus right
rev: Horseman left, with large crest above head; crescent to left
ref: Pink 484-495; Göbl OTA 484-495; LaTour 9807; Kostial 766-797; Dembski 1413-1427;
mint: Szalacska oppidum
8.35gms, 21mm

Description of this type see my East celtic coins topic at the Classical Numismatics
berserker
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064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (-)30 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– SAECVLI FELICITA, Crescent and seven stars
Minted in Emesa, 194 - 195 A.D.
References:– RIC -. RSC -. BMCRE -.

2.72g, 17.96mm, 0o

Classic COS I style and an interesting longer reverse legend than seen on later Crescent and stars types
1 commentsmaridvnvm
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065 - Julia Domna denarius - 607a23 viewsObv:– IVLIA DO-MNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– AEQVITAS II, Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia.
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE Page 86. RIC IV 607a. RSC 3a.

BMCRE, RIC and RSC all refer to the same coin in Vienna which is queried as being plated.

Curtis provided this additional information however:-
"Bickford-Smith, Mint of Alexandria, unpublished typescript (1993), p. 91: four specimens known to him, in Vienna, Berlin, Basel, and Tbilisi.

BMC and RIC refer to the Vienna specimen, which they are wrong to classify as a plated hybrid: it is a regular, solid-silver coin."
maridvnvm
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071 - Elagabalus denarius - RIC 8736 viewsElagabalus Denarius
Obv:– IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, horned, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– INVICTVS SACERDOS AVG, Elagabalus standing holding patera over an altar and branch. Star in right field. Horn on ground to his left
Minted in Rome. A.D. 222
Reference– BMC 209 note. RIC 87 (where it is rated Common citing Cohen). RSC III 58. Cohen 58 (illustrated with star in right field) valued at 50 Fr. No examples in RD.
ex Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG Sale 42, Lot 379, 20th November 2007, ex Barry Feirstein Collection, previously privately purchased from Harlan J. Berk.
Described as Lightly toned and good extremely fine by NAC.
21 mm. 3.11 gms. 0 degrees.

The coin would certainly seem to be scarcer than the "Common" rating given in RIC would imply. No examples in RD, only one example on acsearch (this coin). No examples on Wildwinds (the RIC 87 there would appear to be in error).
1 commentsmaridvnvm
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0976-1025 AD - Basil II (Bulgaroktonos) - Anonymous Follis, Class A213 viewsEmperor: Basil II (Bulgaroktonos) (r. 976-1025 AD)
Date: 976-1025 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Anonymous Follis, Class A2

Obverse: -
Bust of Christ facing, bearded, with nimbus cross having in each arm, wearing tunic and himation; right hand raised in blessing in sling of cloak, left holds book with probable in jeweled border. In field, - .

Reverse: ///
above and beneath.

Sear 1813; probable DO A2.25
15.47g; 35.3mm; 30°
Pep
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0976-1025 AD - Basil II (Bulgaroktonos) - Anonymous Follis, Class A2.2420 viewsEmperor: Basil II (Bulgaroktonos) (r. 976-1025 AD)
Date: 976-1025 AD
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Anonymous Follis, Class A2

Obverse: -
Bust of Christ facing, bearded, with nimbus cross having in each arm, wearing tunic and himation; right hand raised in blessing in sling of cloak, left holds book with in jeweled border. In field, - .

Reverse: ///
above and beneath.

DO A2.24; Sear 1813
13.40g; 29.0mm; 180°
Pep
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1) Julius Caesar160 viewsDenarius, Rome, Moneyer P. Sepullius Macer, 44 BC, 4.03g. Cr-480/11, Syd-1072; Sear, Imperators-107b. Obv: Wreathed head of Caesar r., CAESAR before, D[IC]T PERPETVO behind. Rx: Venus standing l., looking downwards, holding Victory and scepter resting on star, P SEPVLLIVS behind, MACER downwards before. Same dies as Alfoldi, Caesar in 44 v. Chr., pl. LIII, 6-8. Banker's mark behind Caesar's eye. Good portrait. Some areas of flat striking, otherwise EF

Ex HJB - purchased on the Ides of March, 2011

Gaius Julius Caesar (Classical Latin: [ˈɡaː.i.ʊs ˈjuː.lɪ.ʊs ˈkaj.sar], July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general, statesman, Consul and notable author of Latin prose. He played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. In 60 BC, Caesar, Crassus and Pompey formed a political alliance that was to dominate Roman politics for several years. Their attempts to amass power through populist tactics were opposed by the conservative elite within the Roman Senate, among them Cato the Younger with the frequent support of Cicero. Caesar's conquest of Gaul, completed by 51 BC, extended Rome's territory to the English Channel and the Rhine. Caesar became the first Roman general to cross both when he built a bridge across the Rhine and conducted the first invasion of Britain.

These achievements granted him unmatched military power and threatened to eclipse the standing of Pompey, who had realigned himself with the Senate after the death of Crassus in 53 BC. With the Gallic Wars concluded, the Senate ordered Caesar to lay down his military command and return to Rome. Caesar refused, and marked his defiance in 49 BC by crossing the Rubicon with a legion, leaving his province and illegally entering Roman territory under arms. Civil war resulted, from which he emerged as the unrivaled leader of Rome.

After assuming control of government, Caesar began a program of social and governmental reforms, including the creation of the Julian calendar. He centralised the bureaucracy of the Republic and was eventually proclaimed "dictator in perpetuity". But the underlying political conflicts had not been resolved, and on the Ides of March (15 March) 44 BC, Caesar was assassinated by a group of senators led by Marcus Junius Brutus. A new series of civil wars broke out, and the constitutional government of the Republic was never restored. Caesar's adopted heir Octavian, later known as Augustus, rose to sole power, and the era of the Roman Empire began.

Much of Caesar's life is known from his own accounts of his military campaigns, and from other contemporary sources, mainly the letters and speeches of Cicero and the historical writings of Sallust. The later biographies of Caesar by Suetonius and Plutarch are also major sources. Caesar is deemed to be one of the greatest military commanders of history. Source: wikipedia
RM0001
13 commentsSosius
Thrace,_Byzantion,__AR_Siglos_340-320_BC~0.jpg
1. Thrace, Byzantion, 340-320 BC, AR Siglos38 viewsHeifer standing left above dolphin, VΠΥ above.
Incuse square of mill-sail pattern.

SNG BM Black Sea 21; SNG Copenhagen 476; Sear GCV 1579.

(17 mm, 5.36 g)
Classical Numismatic Group electronic Auction 146, 23 August 2006, 34.

Standing on the European side of the Bosporos, Byzantion with its twin city Kalchedon on the Asia Minor side of the Bosporos was the ancient gateway between the two continents, a role that continues to the present.

The symbolism of the bull and the heifer on the obverse of the coins of twin cities of Kalchedon (Asia Minor) and Byzantion (Europe) respectively is striking and points to a shared identity. They stood astride the southern entrance to the Bosporus. Both were 7th century BC foundations of Megara and jointly they controlled the vital grain trade from the Black Sea into the Mediterranean.

The grain ear upon which the bull of Kalchedon stands alludes to this fact. That of the dolphin beneath the Heifer of Byzantion is a reflection of the maritime orientation of the city and the bountiful pods of dolphins that even to this day frolic in swift flowing waters of the Bosporus beneath the old city walls of Constantinople which succeded Byzantion and was in turn succeded by Istanbul.
1 commentsn.igma
1028-1034 Anon B S 1823 2.jpg
1028-1034 - follis (Anonymous class B)62 views+ EMMANOVHΛ , bust of Christ facing, holding Gospels ; in field IC / XC (icon of the "Pantocrator")
Cross on three steps dividing IS / XC // bAS / ILE // bAS / ILE (Jesus Christ, King of Kings)

Sear 1823
Ginolerhino
1028-1034 Anon B S 1823.jpg
1028-1034 - follis (Anonymous class B)33 views+ EMMANOVHΛ , bust of Christ facing, holding Gospels ; in field IC / XC (icon of the "Pantocrator")
Cross on three steps dividing IZ / XC // IAZ / ILE // IAZ / ILE (a blundered version of the previous coin's reverse)

Sear 1823
Ginolerhino
1034-1041 Anon C S 1825.jpg
1034-1041 - follis (Anonymous class C)73 views+ EMMANOVHΛ , 3/4 length figure of Christ standing (icon of the "Antiphonetes") , in field IC / XC
Jewelled cross dividing IC / XC / NI / KA ("Jesus Christ conquers").

Sear 1825
Ginolerhino
1042-1055 Anon D S1836.jpg
1042-1055 - follis (anonymous class D)41 viewsChrist facing seated on throne, holding gospels ; in field IC / XC
- + - / IS XC / bASILE / bASIL

Sear 1836
Ginolerhino
1068-1071 Anon G.jpg
1068-1071 - follis (Anonymous class G)40 viewsBust of Christ facing, holding scroll ; in field IC / XC
Bust of the Virgin Mary facing, raising both hands (praying, it's why this icon is called in Latin Virgo orans) ; in field MTP / ΘV ("Mother of God")

Sear 1867
Ginolerhino
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1078-1081 AD - Nicephorus III (Botaniates) - Anonymous Follis, Class I11 viewsEmperor: Nicephorus III (Botaniates) (r. 1078-1081 AD)
Date: 1078-1081 AD
Condition: Fine
Denomination: Anonymous Follis, Class I

Obverse: No legend
Bust of Christ facing, having long, slightly forked beard and cross nimbus with one pellet in each arm, wearing tunic and himation; right hand blessing inwards in sling of cloak, left holds book, with on cover, from beneath. In field, - .

Reverse: No legend
Latin cross with one large and two small pellets at each extremity, small cross at intersection, and pellet with floral ornaments to left and right at base. Above, crescents to left and right.

DO I; Sear 1889
5.13g; 22.9mm; 195°
Pep
NiceIIISB1889.jpg
1078-1081 AD - Nicephorus III - Sear 1889 - Anonymous Follis39 viewsEmperor: Nicephorus III (r. 1078-1081 AD)
Date: 1078-1081 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Anonymous Follis (Class I)

Obverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, and raising right hand in benediction; in left hand, book of Gospels; to left, ; to right, ; normal border.

Reverse: Latin cross, with X at centre, and globule and two pellets at each extremity; in lower field, on either side, floral ornament; in upper field, on either side, crescent.

Constantinople mint
Sear 1889
3.35g; 25.6mm; 180°
Pep
HENRY_II_Tealby_AR_Penny.JPG
1154 - 1189, HENRY II, AR 'Tealby' Penny, Struck 1158 - 1163 at Canterbury (?), England33 viewsObverse: (HE)NRI • R(EX• A -). Crowned facing bust of Henry II, his head facing slightly to the left, holding sceptre tipped with a cross potent in his right hand. Crown has three vertical uprights each topped by a fleur-de-lis.
Reverse: + (ROGI)ER : ON : (C)A(NT) surrounding short cross potent within beaded circle, small cross potents in each quarter. Moneyer: Rogier, cognate with the modern English name of Roger. Mintmark: Cross potent.
Uncommonly clear Class A bust
Diameter: 20mm | Weight: 1.3gms | Die Axis: 4
Flan chipped and cracked
SPINK: 1337

For the first few years of Henry II's reign the coins of King Stephen continued to be produced, but in 1158, in order to restore public confidence in the currency, a new 'cross and crosslet' coinage was introduced in England which was of sufficient importance for the contemporary chroniclers to record that 'a new money was made, which was the sole currency of the kingdom.' While this coinage was acceptable in terms of weight and silver quality, it is notorious for its ugly appearance, bad craftsmanship and careless execution. In fact the 'Tealby' coinage is among the worst struck of any issue of English regal coinage, so much so that collectors consider it something of a bonus if they are able to make out the name of the moneyer, or the mint, from the letters showing.
The cross and crosslet type coinage of King Henry II is more often called 'Tealby' because of the enormous hoard of these coins which was found in late 1807 at Bayons Manor farm near Tealby in Lincolnshire. This hoard, which originally amounted to over 5,700 pieces, was first reported in the Stamford Mercury of the 6th November 1807, but unfortunately the majority of the coins, more than 5,000 of them, were sent to be melted at the Tower of London and only some 600 pieces were saved for national and important private collections.
A total of 30 mints were employed in the initial 'Tealby' recoinage, however once the recoinage was completed only 12 mints were permitted to remain active and this marks the beginning of the gradual decline in the number of mints which were used to strike English coins.
The 'Tealby' issue continued until 1180 when a new style coin of much better workmanship, the short-cross penny, was introduced.
2 comments*Alex
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1199 – 1216, John, AR Short cross penny, Struck 1205 - 1216 at Winchester, England22 viewsObverse: HENRICVS REX around central circle enclosing a crowned, draped and bearded facing bust of the king holding a sceptre tipped with a cross pommee in his right hand, bust extending to edge of flan.
Reverse: +ANDREV•ON•WI around voided short cross within circle, crosslets in each quarter. Moneyer: Andrev, cognate with the modern English name of Andrew.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.2gms | Die Axis: 4
Class 5b
SPINK: 1351

The class four type short cross pennies of Henry II continued to be struck during the early years of John's reign, but in 1205 a recoinage was begun and new short cross pennies of better style replaced the older issues. Sixteen mints were initially employed for this recoinage but they were reduced to ten later on. All John's coins continued to bear his father's (Henry II) title of henricvs rex.

John was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216. The baronial revolt at the end of John's reign led to the sealing of the first Magna Carta, a document sometimes considered an early step in the evolution of the constitution of the United Kingdom.
John, the youngest of the five sons of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, was not expected to inherit significant lands which resulted in him being given the nickname John Lackland. However, after the failed rebellion of his elder brothers between 1173 and 1174, John became Henry's favourite child. He was appointed Lord of Ireland in 1177 and given lands in England and on the continent. John's elder brothers William, Henry and Geoffrey died young and when Richard I became king in 1189, John was the potential heir to the throne. John unsuccessfully attempted a rebellion against Richard's administration whilst his brother was participating in the Third Crusade but despite this, after Richard died in 1199, John was proclaimed King of England.
Contemporary chroniclers were mostly critical of John's performance as king, and his reign has been the subject of much debate by historians from the 16th century onwards. These negative qualities have provided extensive material for fiction writers since the Victorian era, and even today John remains a recurring character within popular culture, primarily as a villain in films and stories regarding the Robin Hood legends.
2 comments*Alex
12-Constantius-I-Lon-RIC-14a.jpg
12. Constantius I.32 viewsFollis, ca 298-300 AD, London mint (group II).
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB C / Laureate and curiassed bust of Constantius I.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Mint mark: (none)
9.71gm., 27 mm.
RIC # 14a; Sear #14034 (this coin !).

Although RIC lists these last four coins (Diocletian, Maximian, Galerius, and Constantius I) with other coins minted in London, a careful reading of the introduction to the mint of London (vol. VI, p. 113-122) shows the editors of RIC had serious reservations about this attribution.

The unmarked folles -- ie without a mint mark in the exergue -- can be divided into three groups. After many years of careful study, group I has been attributed to Lugdunum (Lyon, France), and groups II and III to Britain.

Of group II, RIC says (p. 115), " It is possible that the unmarked II coins were produced in Britain either from a travelling mint, or even from the "C" (Camulodunum?) mint of Carausius and Allectus, with which there are perhaps some stylistic affinities: the period of issue would fall from c. 298 onwards, perhaps until c. 300 or later."

Of group III, RIC says (p. 115), " The unmarked III coins are in everyway more sophisticated in style, and it may well be that they were produced at London, though lack of signature would be difficult to account for: probably it is best to class them as a British series which, for reasons unknown to us, was struck elsewhere. Their date is between 300 and 305."
Callimachus
1280_-1286_Alexander_III_AR_Penny_SCOTLAND.JPG
1249 - 1286, Alexander III, AR Penny, Struck 1280 - 1286 at Roxburgh, Scotland16 viewsObverse: + ALEXANDER DEI GRA . Crowned head of Alexander III facing left within circle of pellets; sceptre topped with fleur-de-lis before. Cross potent in legend.
Reverse: REX SCOTORVM +. Long cross pattée dividing legend into quarters, with three pierced mullets of six points and one mullet of seven points in quarters of inner circle. The total of 25 points is indicative of the mint of Roxburgh.
Class Mb with unbarred “A”, wider portrait and cross potent mintmark in legend.
Roxburgh only accounts for some 9% of Alexander's second coinage so issues from this mint are quite rare.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 1.0gm | Die Axis: 3
SPINK: 5054

Alexander III's reign saw the introduction of the round halfpenny and farthing to Scottish medieval coinage.
Following the English recoinage of Edward I in 1279, Alexander introduced his second coinage which began in 1280 and ended when he died in 1286. This coin was therefore struck between those dates.

Alexander III was born at Roxburgh, he came to the throne when he was just 7 years old following the death of his father, Alexander II.
At the age of ten, in 1251, Alexander married Margaret, daughter of Henry III of England. Henry seized the opportunity to demand from his son-in-law homage from the Scottish kingdom. Alexander did not comply but In 1255, after a meeting between the English and Scottish kings at Kelso, he was compelled to consent to the creation of a regency representative of both monarchs.
The early years of Alexander III’s reign were dominated by a power struggle between the two factions, but when he reached the age of 21 he was able to rule in his own right. His first action was to claim control of the Western Isles which were then under the domination of Norway. The Norwegian King Haakon rejected the claim, and in 1263, responded with a formidable invasion force which sailed around the west coast of Scotland and halted off the Isle of Arran. Alexander craftily delayed negotiations until the autumn storms began which resulted in the Norwegian ships being greatly damaged. Haakon, losing patience, attacked the Scots at Largs, but the battle proved indecisive and his position became hopeless. The Norwegians set sail for home but Haakon died en route, on Orkney, towards the end of the year. In 1266, at the Treaty of Perth, Norway formally ceded the Western Isles and the Isle of Man to Scotland in return for a monetary payment.
Alexander, when only 44 years old, met his end on the night of 19th March 1286. After entertaining guests at Edinburgh Castle he decided that night that he would return home to his wife near Kinghorn. His aides advised against it because there was a storm and the party would have to travel in darkness for many miles along a treacherous coastal path. Alexander was determined to travel anyway and ignored his advisors. It is not clear what happened, but it seems he got separated from the rest of his group and his horse lost its footing in the dark. The following day Alexander's body, and that of his horse, was found on the shore at the foot of the cliffs, the King's neck was broken. In 1886, a monument to him was erected in Kinghorn, on the side of the cliffs, at the approximate location of Alexander's death.
Alexander had no heirs, which ultimately led to a war with England that lasted almost thirty years.
1 comments*Alex
Edward_I_AR_Penny_Berwick.JPG
1272 - 1307, EDWARD I, AR Penny, Struck 1296 - 1306 at Berwick-on-Tweed, England7 viewsObverse: + EDWAR ANGL DNS HYB. Crowned bust of Edward I facing within circle of pellets. Cross pattée in legend.
Reverse: VILLA BEREVVICI. Long cross dividing legend into quarters, trefoil in each quarter of inner circle.
Undated Penny, Class 10 Berwick Type II (Local dies). Issues from this mint are quite rare.
Diameter: 21.5mm | Weight: 1.0gms | Die Axis: 2
SPINK: 1415

Edward I began a major recoinage in 1279 which consisted not only of pennies and new round half-pennies and farthings, but also introduced a new denomination, a fourpenny piece called the "Groat".

In September 1290, upon the death of Margaret, Maid of Norway, there arose a number of claimants to the throne of Scotland. The Guardians of Scotland, who were the de facto heads of state until a king was chosen, asked Edward I of England to conduct the court proceedings in the dispute because the late King Alexander III had been married to Edward's sister, Margaret of England.
John Balliol, a descendant of King David I, was chosen and he was inaugurated at Scone, on St. Andrew's Day, 30 November 1292. But Edward I treated both Baliol and Scotland with contempt and demanded military support for his war against France. The Scottish response was to form an alliance with the French, invade England, and launch an attack on Carlisle.
After the failure of the Scottish attack on Carlisle, Edward I marched north and, on 28th March 1296, he crossed the river Tweed which borders the two countries, with his troops. On the following day he marched on the town of Berwick, which was Scotland's most important trading port and second only to London in economic importance in medieval Britain at that time.
Contemporary accounts of the number slain range anywhere from 4,000 to 20,000. ”When the town had been taken in this way and its citizens had submitted, Edward spared no one, whatever the age or sex, and for two days streams of blood flowed from the bodies of the slain, for in his tyrannous rage he ordered 7,500 souls of both sexes to be massacred...So that mills could be turned by the flow of their blood.” - Account of the Massacre of Berwick, from Bower’s Scotichronicon.
Berwick's garrison was commanded by William the Hardy, Lord of Douglas, whose life and those of his garrison were spared after he surrendered and the English took the castle.
Berwick was recaptured by the Scots in 1318 but the town changed hands between the two countries several times during the following years until it was finally captured for the English by Richard, Duke of Gloucester, the future Richard III of England, in 1482. The Scots however, did not accept this conquest for at least two centuries after this date as is evidenced by innumerable charters.
2 comments*Alex
14-Gordian-III-RIC-116.jpg
13. Gordian III / RIC 116.24 viewsDenarius, 240 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Laureate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: VIRTVTI AVGVSTI / Hercules standing, resting right hand on hip and left hand club set on rock; lion-skin beside club.
3.58 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #116; Sear #8684.

The chronology of the denarii coinage of Gordian III has been poorly understood because Roman Imperial Coinage (RIC) has it mixed up in its listings. For example, it will tell you that 5 denarii (Diana, Pietas, Salus, Securitas, and Venus) were issued in the summer of 241 to commemorate the marriage of Gordian and Tranquillina. Recent thinking tells another entirely different story. The following summary is based on a posting by Curtis Clay, November 25, 2011, on the Forum Ancient Coins Classical Numismatics Discussion Board.
Although antoniniani were issued for a while under Caracalla and Elagabalus, the denarius was the standard silver denomination throughout the reigns of Severus Alexander, Maximinus Thrax, and into the first part of the joint reign of Balbinus & Pupienus. (This, by the way, is when the PIETAS AVGG denarius of Gordian as Caesar was issued.) Sometime during the short reign of Balbinus & Pupienus, the antoninianus supplanted the denarius as the standard silver denomination. When Gordian III became emperor (July 238), his administration continued to follow the then current practice of issuing only antoniniani.

Early in 240, Gordian apparently decided to revert back to the traditional coinage of the Empire and began to issue only denarii. The denarii issued at this time were the following:

P M TR P III COS P P / Horseman
DIANA LVCIFERA
PIETAS AVGVSTI
SALVS AVGVSTI
SECVRITAS PVBLICA
VENVS VICTRIX

No antoniniani exist with these reverse types.

The next issue of denarii was issued in the summer of 240 after Gordian became COS II, and consists of these types:

P M TR P III COS II P P / Emperor standing
P M TR P III COS II P P / Apollo seated
AETERNITATI AVG
IOVIS STATOR
LAETITIA AVG N
VIRTVTI AVGVSTI

Within a short time, however, it was decided to go back to having the antoninianus as the standard silver denomination. Antoniniani were issued again, at first with the same reverse types as the second issue of denarii. That is why these reverse types exist on denarii and antoniniani even though they were not issued at the same time.

So the period the mint issued denarii rather than antoniniani as the standard silver denomination lasted from about March through August, 240. This was the last time denarii were issued for general circulation. The antoninianus lasted until Diocletian’s coinage reform of 295, after which Roman coinage was so vastly different that there was no question of returning to the denarius.

The 13 denarii of Gordian III are presented in this album in this order:
Gordian III as Caesar denarius - 1 coin.
First issue of denarii - 6 coins.
Second issue of denarii - 6 coins.
Callimachus
Edward_II_AR_Penny_Bury_St_Edmunds.JPG
1307 - 1327, EDWARD II, AR Penny, Struck 1307 at Bury St. Edmunds, England3 viewsObverse: + EDWAR R ANGL DNS hYB. Crowned and draped bust of Edward II facing within circle of pellets. Cross pattee in legend.
Reverse: VILL SCI EDMVNDI. Long cross dividing legend into quarters, trefoil in each quarter of inner circle.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.37gms | Die Axis: 12
Rare mint
SPINK: 1465

Class 11c penny with angular backs to C and E's in legends.

Edward II was born on 25 April 1284, the fourth son of Edward I of England and when Edward I died in July 1307 Edward II became king because his three elder brothers were already dead. Edward II was the first English prince to hold the title prince of Wales, which was bestowed on him by his father in 1301.
Unfortunately Edward II had few of the qualities that made a successful medieval king. He surrounded himself with favourites, the best known being Piers Gaveston who he recalled from exile, Edward I having banished him to France due to his bad influence on his son. Furthermore, Edward II gave Gaveston the earldom of Cornwall, a title which had previously only been conferred on royalty.
Opposition to the king and his favourite began almost immediately, and in 1311 the nobles issued the 'Ordinances', in an attempt to limit royal control of finance and appointments. Gaveston was twice exiled at the demand of the barons, only for him to return to England shortly afterwards. However, in 1312, he was captured by the barons and executed.
In 1314, Edward invaded Scotland where he was decisively defeated by Robert the Bruce at Bannockburn. So bad was this for Edward's rule that by the following year parts of England had fallen into anarchy and power was in the hands of the barons headed by Edward's cousin Thomas of Lancaster, who had virtually made himself the real ruler of England.
By 1318, Edward and Lancaster had been partly reconciled, but the king now had two new favourites, Hugh le Despenser and his son. When Edward supported the two Despensers' ambitions in Wales the barons banished both father and son. This prompted Edward to fight back and he defeated Lancaster at Boroughbridge in March 1322, Lancaster was executed him and the Despensers were called back to Edward's court.
But now, Edward's wife, Isabella of France, emerged as a focus of opposition. In 1325, she was sent on a diplomatic mission to France where she met and became the mistress of Roger Mortimer, an exiled opponent of Edward. In September 1326, Isabella and Mortimer invaded England. There was virtually no resistance and the Despensers were captured and executed. Defeated, Edward was made to renounce the throne in favour of his son Edward who was crowned Edward III in January 1327.
Edward II was imprisoned at Berkeley Castle and later murdered there.
*Alex
Edward_2_Crozier.JPG
1307 - 1327, EDWARD II, AR Penny, Struck 1311 - 1316 at Durham, England21 viewsObverse: + EDWAR ANGL DNS hYB. Crowned and draped bust of Edward II facing within circle of pellets. Cross pattee in legend.
Reverse: CIVITAS DVNELM. Long cross, the upper limb of which is in the form of a bishop's crozier, dividing legend into quarters, trefoil in each quarter of inner circle.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 1.2gms | Die Axis: 7
Rare
SPINK: 1469

Undated Penny, Class 11a, struck under Bishop Kellawe. Bishop Kellawe was enthroned as Bishop of Durham in 1311 but he died in 1316 so this coin was struck during the five years between those two dates. These coins were sometimes called “poker pennies” because the shape of the crozier on the reverse is reminiscent of an old iron fireside poker. It's an unfortunate nickname considering the reputed manner of the King's death.

Edward II
Edward II was crowned King of England when his father, Edward I, died in 1307. However Edward II caused discontent among the barons by his close relationship with Piers Gaveston and in 1311 the barons pressured the King into agreeing to wide-ranging reforms which included Gaveston being banished. Angered, Edward responded by revoking the reforms and recalling his favourite, but in 1312 a group of barons, led by the Earl of Lancaster, seized and executed Gaveston.
The war with Scotland was not going well either, the English forces were pushed back and in 1314 Edward was decisively defeated by the Scottish King, Robert the Bruce, at the Battle of Bannockburn.
When this was followed by a widespread famine in England opposition to Edward II's reign grew until, in 1325, when Edward's wife, Isabella, was sent to France to negotiate a peace treaty she turned against Edward, allied herself with the exiled Roger Mortimer, and refused to return. In 1326, Mortimer and Isabella invaded England with a small army. Edward's regime collapsed and he fled into Wales, but he was soon captured and in January 1327 he was forced to relinquish his crown in favour of his fourteen-year-old son, Edward III. Edward II died in Berkeley Castle on 21 September the same year, reputedly horrifically murdered on the orders of the new regime by having a red hot poker inserted into his rectum.

Bishop Kellawe, Bishop of Durham
Richard de Kellawe was sub-prior at St. Cuthbert's, Durham, and on the death of Antony Bek in 1311, Kellawe was chosen to replace him as Bishop of Durham by the monks. The palatinate of Durham was at this time in a deplorable condition owing to the Scottish wars, and in 1312 Kellawe even received a papal dispensation for not attending the council at Vienne in consideration of the state of his province. Troubles with the Scots continued after Bannockburn and the Palatinate was now so exhausted that it could not even provide for its own defence and Bishop Kellawe had to purchase peace with a levy of fifteen hundred men and a gift of one thousand marks.
On 10th October 1316, at Middleham, Bishop Kellawe died. He was buried in the chapter-house at Durham. His grandly adorned tomb was destroyed when the chapter house was demolished in 1796.
2 comments*Alex
956_P_Hadrian_RPC1348.jpg
1348 Hadrian, Cistophorus IONIA Ephesus mint 128-38 AD Asclepius standing43 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1348; RIC II 481a; Metcalf, Cistophori type 20 (unlisted dies); RSC 290.

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare head right

Rev. COS III
Asclepius standing front head l. holding serpent-wreathed rod in r., l. arm at side.

11.06 gr
28 mm
6h

Note.
CNG 409 lot 602
Ex Classical Numismatic Group Inventory 761612 (December 2005).
4 commentsokidoki
Constantinus-I__AR-Argenteus_IMP-CONSTANTI-NVS-AVG_VICTORIA-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP-VOT_PR_PTR_RIC-not_C-not_Trier_318-319-AD__Q-001_19mm_2,73g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VII ???, AR-Argenteus, -/-//PTR, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Not in RIC !!!161 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VII ???, AR-Argenteus, -/-//PTR, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Not in RIC !!!
avers:- IMP CONSTANTI NVS AVG, bust l., high-crested helmet, cuir., dr., spear across r. shoulder..
rever:- VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, two Victories stg. facing one another, together holding shield inscribed VOT/PR on altar. PTR in exergue.
"UNLISTED ISSUE. This issue is listed erroneously in RIC VII as regular follis (TRIER 208A, p. 181), but in fact it is "billon argenteus" (c. 25% of silver) and belongs to the group of TREVERI 825-826 in RIC VI. Note that only PTR mark is correct, because of only one officina working at that time at Treveri. Note also that the bust type is similar to H11 from RIC VII, but there are also a few differences: bust is usually larger, half-length, and could be described as cuirassed and draped. Coin should be listed after TREVERI 826. See: Bastien, P., "L’émission de monnaies de billon de Treves au début de 313", Quaderni Ticinesi (Numismatica e Antichità Classiche) 1982, XI, p. 271-278. See: CORRIGENDA, VOL. VII, p. 181, CORRIGENDA, VOL. VI, p. 224" by Lech Stepniewski, in "Not in RIC" , thank you Lech Stepniewski,
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/notinric/6tre-826.html
exergo: -/-//PTR, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,73g, axis: h,
mint: Trier, date: 318-319 A.D., ref: RIC VI Trier 825-6?, RIC VI, "TREVERI [after 826], CONSTANTINE I, UNLISTED ISSUE" by Lech Stepniewski,
Q-001
quadrans
schnurrbart-coin.jpg
14. Celtic AR tetradrachm - GALLIERKOPF / SCHNURRBART type - 2nd-1st century (?)487 viewsobv: Apollo head (?) with a mustache right
rev: Rider left, under the horse is rosette with a central point
ref: Göbl OTA 349 (Gallierkopf/Schnurrbart), Pink 349 (Gallischer Einflus); Dessewffy 1224; Dembski 1273-1278 (Kopf mit Schnurrbart); Kostial -; LaTour 9866;
mint: unknown
9.87gms, 24mm

The obverse is one of the most beautiful and the most characteristic product of the (east) celtic coinage. The tipical gallic (or Apollo ?) head without beard and the thick pleated hair belongs to celtic coins of Noricum, and this motive probably got to the Munkács area with transmit of Boii. Maybe that's why Pink is classified in category of Western influence coins (unter Westlichem Einfluss).
Reverse rider holds a zickzack line (lightning?) in right hand, while with his left hand is based on the horse (see: LaTour 9866)
Other description of this type see my East celtic coins topic at the Classical Numismatics
2 commentsberserker
Henry_V_AR_Penny_of_York.JPG
1413 - 1422, Henry V, AR Penny struck at York, England2 viewsObverse: + HENRICVS REX ANGLIE. Crowned facing bust of Henry V, mullet (left) and trefoil (right) at each side of crown, all within circle of pellets. Pierced cross in legend.
Reverse: CIVITAS ‡ EBORACI. Long cross pattée dividing legend around inner circle of pellets into quarters, trefoil in each quarter of circle, incuse quatrefoil in centre of cross.
York, Class F (Local dies)
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 0.8gms | Die Axis: 10
SPINK: 1788

Henry V was King of England from 1413 until his sudden death on 31st August 1422. He is thought to have died from dysentery contracted during the siege of Meaux in France. He was 36 years old and had reigned for nine years. He was the second English monarch of the House of Lancaster.
During the reign of his father, King Henry IV, Henry had acquired an increasing share in England's government due to his father's declining health. After his father's death in 1413, Henry assumed control of the country and asserted the pending English claim to the French throne.
In 1415, Henry embarked on war with France in the ongoing Hundred Years' War between the two countries. Despite his relatively short reign, Henry's outstanding military successes, most notably in his famous victory at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, made England one of the strongest military powers in Europe.
*Alex
Follis Anonimo Clase A2 SB01813.jpg
15-02 - Follis Anónimo Clase A2 (976 - 1025 D.C.)28 viewsAtribuida al reinado conjunto de Basilio II y Constantino VIII.
AE Follis 30 x 27 mm 9.6 gr.

Anv: "EMMA - NOVHΛ", "IX - XC" (en campos izq. y derecho) - Busto de Cristo de frente nimbado (Forma rectangular en la cruz del limbo), sosteniendo el Libro de los Evangelios (5 puntos en el libro).
Rev: " IhSUS / XRISTUS / bASILEU / bASILE " (Jesús Cristo Rey de Reyes), leyenda en 4 líneas, debajo y arriba ornamentos tipo 47 (Forma rectangular).

Acuñada 976 - 1025 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla

Referencias: Sear BCTV #1813 Pag. 376 - Bellinger D.O. pp.651 - B.M.C. (Basil II and Constantine VII) #21-40 - Ratto M.B.(Basil II and Constantine VII) #1951-65 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. pp.596/8 #1-66
mdelvalle
Follis Anonimo Clase D SB01836.jpg
15-04 - Follis Anónimo Clase D (1042 - 1055 D.C.) 25 viewsAtribuida al reinado de Constantino IX.
AE Follis 28 x 26 mm 10.9 gr.

Anv: "IX - XC" (en campos izq. y derecho) - Cristo sentado en trono con respaldo de frente, vistiendo nimbus cruciger (Halo redondo con cruz que rodea su busto), Pallium (Tipo de capa o manto) y Collobium (Túnica especial sin mangas), sosteniendo el Libro de los Evangelios con ambas manos.
Rev: " IhSUS / bASILEU / bASILE " (Jesús Rey de Reyes), leyenda en 3 líneas, ornamentado debajo con "- u -" y arriba con "- + -".

Acuñada 1042 - 1055 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla

Referencias: Sear BCTV #1836 Pag. 378 - Bellinger D.O. pp.685/7 - B.M.C. (Constantine X) #10-17 - Ratto M.B.(Constantine X) #2015/7 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. pp.601 #107/19
mdelvalle
1660_woodcut_colosseum_37.jpg
1660 Roman Woodcut Prints91 viewsDate: ca. AD 1660, Anonymous
Size: 16 x 10.7 cm

This is an leaf from a book on Rome from circa AD 1660. It has hand colored images of various Roman architecture (including the Colosseum). It has rough edges and some minor age toning, but overall the pictures are intact, brightly colored, and beautifully preserved. This book was published during the reign of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. In the seventeenth century, the city of Rome became the consummate statement of Catholic majesty and triumph expressed in all the arts. Baroque architects, artists, and urban planners so magnified and invigorated the classical and ecclesiastical traditions of the city that it became for centuries after the acknowledged capital of the European art world, not only a focus for tourists and artists but also a watershed of inspiration throughout the Western world.
3 commentsNoah
LouisXVIAbolitionOfPrivilege1789.JPG
1789. Louis XVI Medal. French Revolution, Abolition of Privilege.148 viewsObv. Draped bust right LOUIS XVI RESTAURATEUR DE LA LIBERTE FRANCAIS
Rev. National Assembly scene amidst Neoclassical surrounds ABANDON DE TOUS LES PRIVILEGES A LA PATRIE on central ballot box ASSEMBLEE NATIONALE IV AOUT MDCLXXXIX

This medal commemorates the abolition of aristocratic privilege by the National Assembly of France.
LordBest
Leopold_20centimes1.jpg
1853: Twenty centimes of Leopold I17 viewsKing Leopold I. 20 Centimes. 1853.

Coat of arms of Belgium, surrounded by foliage, surrounded by the legend L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE ("Strength through Union") 1853 / Neoclassical portrait of Leopold I, left, surrounded by legend LEOPOLD PREMIER - ROI DES BELGES.
Belisarius
5fr.jpg
1869: Five franks of Leopold II13 viewsKing Leopold II. Silver 5 Francs. 1869

Coat of arms of Belgium, surrounded by foliage, surrounded by the legend L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE ("Strength through Union") 1869 / Neoclassical portrait of Leopold II, surrounded by legend LEOPOLD II ROI - DES BELGES.
Belisarius
dime_1929_dr-martin_obv_03_rev_02.JPG
1929 Dime - Dark Toning7 views~
~~
USA, 1929 'Mercury Dime'. Struck at the Philadelphia Mint in Pennsylvania.
A gift from an elderly man I worked for who collected coins and was a professor of the classics at Princeton University. You can see quite a bit of good detail on this coin remaining, the dark toning kinda makes it less noticeable, but I really like this little guy!
~~
~
rexesq
dime_1929_dr-martin_obv_02_rev_01_a.JPG
1929 Dime - Dark Toning5 views~
~~
USA, 1929 'Mercury Dime'. Struck at the Philadelphia Mint in Pennsylvania.
A gift from an elderly man I worked for who collected coins and was a professor of the classics at Princeton University. You can see quite a bit of good detail on this coin remaining, the dark toning kinda makes it less noticeable, but I really like this little guy!
~~
~
rexesq
s-1931-4c.jpg
1931B ALEXIUS AE TETARTERON S-1931 DOC 40 CLBC 2.4.7 SBCV-1910???49 viewsOBV Jeweled radiate Cross, decorated at the end of each limb with one large globule and two smaller, all on two steps.

REV. Bust of emperor wearing stemma, divitision and jeweled loros of traditional type; holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 25/22mm

Weight 3.2gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 25 examples with weights running from1.09gm to 4.22gm and sizes ranging from 17mm to 23mm

This example is more than likely the coin listed as S-1910 , Sear 1931 struck over a Class I or Class K anonymous follis. Hendys ( S-1910) lists at 2.96gm around 23mm
Simon
septsev_RIC417.jpg
194-195 AD - SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS AR denarius22 viewsobv: IMP CAE.L.SEP.SEV.PERT.AVG.COS.II (laureate head right)
rev: SAECVL FELICIT (seven stars above crescent)
ref: RIC IVi 417 (S), C 628 (3frcs)
mint: Emesa
3.20gms, 17mm
Scarce

Seven stars are found more often than any other number. They might have had different meanings on different coins. It is sometimes said that they represent the five planets known in classical times plus the sun and the moon, but that idea is hard to sustain on coins which show the moon as well. Another theory is that they represent the Pleiades, a constellation sometimes known as the Seven Sisters.
berserker
septsev_RIC702.jpg
195 AD - SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS sestertius31 viewsobv: L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII (laureate head right)
rev: DIVI M PII F PM TRP III COS II PP (Septimius Severus standing left on left, holding Victory and spear, being crowned by Roma to right, holding parazonium), S-C in ex.
ref: RIC IVi 702 (R), C.128 (15frcs)
mint: Rome
20.11gms, 28mm
Rare

This coin is commemorated that Septimius Severus adopted himself into the family of Marcus Aurelius. The reverse legend DIVI Marci PII Filius shows the false assumption of an illustrious genealogy, Severus rendered himself particularly acceptable to the soldiers and to the uneducated classes of people. It was also from this circumstance that he acquired the power of conferring upon his son Bassianus (Caracalla) the name of Antoninus.
berserker
100110.jpg
2. Anonymous. 206-195 BC. Æ As (33mm, 26.72 gm)164 viewsAnonymous. 206-195 BC. Æ As (33mm, 26.72 gm). Laureate head of Janus; I above / Prow of galley right; meta above, I before. Crawford 124/3; Sydenham 260; BMCRR -. Near VF, brown patina.

Ex Goodman Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 45, 18 March 1998), lot 1306.

Ex Cng sale 100 lot 110. 71/75

Check
1 commentsecoli73
carnuntum_13.JPG
2009-Austria - Carnuntum28 viewsA reconstructed town villa give a glimpse into the luxurious life of the Roman upper classes.berserker
the_walhalla_01b.JPG
2009-Germany - The Walhalla16 viewsThe Walhalla is a hall of fame for "famous personalities in German history – politicians, sovereigns, scientists and artists" housed in a neo-classical building above the Danube River east of Regensburg.
This picture shows the back of the Walhalla Temple.
berserker
IMG_9224.JPG
204e. Annia Faustina11 viewsPHRYGIA, Hierapolis. Annia Faustina. Augusta, AD 221. Æ (23mm, 5.93 g, 6h). Draped bust right, wearing stephane / A/KTI/A in three lines within wreath. SNG München 245; BMC 148. VF, earthen green-brown surfaces. Rare.

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 362 (28 October 2015), lot 284.
ecoli
caracalla_RIC225.jpg
213 AD - CARACALLA denarius35 viewsobv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT (laureate head right)
rev: PROFECTIO AVG (Caracalla in military dress standing right, holding spear; behind two standard)
ref: RIC IVi 225 (S), RSC 508 (10frcs)
mint: Rome
2.57gms, 19mm
Scarce

This coin is commemorate the departure for a short visit to Gallia and a campaing along the borders of Upper Germany and Raetia.
Historical backround: During the German war (213 AD), the emperor visited the shrine of the Celtic healing-god Grannus.
In classical Celtic polytheism, Grannus was a deity associated with spas, the sun, fires and healing thermal and mineral springs. He seems to have embodied the notion of therapeutic heat. One of the god’s most famous cult centres was at Aquae Granni (now Aachen, Germany). Aachen means ‘water’ in Old High German, a calque of the Roman name of "Aquae Granni".
berserker
macrinus denar-.jpg
217 AD - MACRINUS denarius24 viewsobv: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG (laureate draped & cuirassed bust right)
rev: FIDES MILITVM (Fides standing facing, head right, holding two standards)
ref: RIC67, C.23
2.91gms
Scarce
Marcus Opellius Macrinus was the Emperor for fourteen months in 217 and 218. Macrinus was the first emperor to become so without membership in the senatorial class and the first emperor of Moorish descent.
berserker
OTA300-14.jpg
22. Celtic AR tetradrachm - SATTELKOPFPFERD type - c.125-75 BC436 viewsobv: stylized, laureated Lysimachos head right
rev: horse walking left with stylized rider made up of three dots and a leg. All within incuse - somewhat scyphate
ref: Göbl OTA 300-14; Slg. Lanz 648ff; Pink 305; Preda: Varteju-Bucarest type
mint: epicentre Muntenia
8.04gms, 22mm

Tetradrachm of geto-dacian tribes.
Description of this type see my East celtic coins topic at the Classical Numismatics
berserker
761Hadrian_RIC225var_.jpg
227 var. Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Hadrian & Roma standing26 viewsReference.
Strack 218; RIC cf 227; C.cf 94; BMCR cf 584

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bare head right

Rev. ADVENTVS AVGVSTI
Roma standing left, holding spear, and parazonium on hip?? and clasping hands with Hadrian standing right, holding a roll.

3.35 gr
18 mm
7h

Note.
Strack saw two similar coins in Vienna and Sofia with same die pair.

This denarius was Rome struck during the latter part of Hadrian’s reign, and which fall into three classes or categories: 1) a series of coins commemorating the visit or arrival (adventus) of the emperor to each province; 2) another series which commemorates the restoration (restitutor) of the province by the emperor; and 3) an additional series which commemorates the military strength (exercitus) of province, for those provinces which had legions stationed within them. In addition to these three categories of commemorative issues that are collectively known as Hadrian’s ‘travel’ series, there are a further two related groups of coins. The first is quite extensive and simply commemorates the various provinces, with the provinces of Egypt, Africa, Hispania and Gallia being the most common. Then there is a much smaller issue which commemorates the emperor’s final return (adventus) to Rome, after his subjugation of the Jewish zealots under Simon Bar Kochba led to the pacification of the province of Judaea, of which this coin is a particularly handsome specimen. After spending more than half his reign on the road, and especially after having just inflicted such a crushing defeat on the recalcitrant Jews, Hadrian’s homecoming was a momentous occasion in the capital which was warmly welcomed by the citizens. The reverse shows the city of Rome personified as the goddess Roma, helmeted and draped in military attire, holding a spear and clasping the hand of the now elderly emperor who is depicted togate and holding a roll in the guise of a citizen, standing before her. The legend which appears on the obverse of this coin was only employed ca. A.D. 134-138. As Hadrian returned to Italy during A.D. 136 and died not two years later, this coin belongs to the very last issue of coinage struck at Rome during his principate.
1 commentsokidoki
cow & Stellate.jpg
229 BC- Epidamos-Dyrrhachium, Illyria AR Drachm128 viewsCow standing Right, looking back at suckling calf, MENIEKOS in greek above, nike flying right above legend, monogram/thunderbolt below
Square containing stellate pattern, legend around square.

after 229 BC, 3.23 gms, Sear Greek Coins and their Values sg1900 variant

Meniskos-Kallenos name combination, Class 5 drachm, issued in year -5 (last issue = year -1) that can be around the 70's of the first century BC.
Well centered, well struck specimens are rare. Here you can identify both obverse symbols, flying Nike (=Victory) above Meniskos (wreath in hand off-flan) and thunderbolt in the exergue. The legend on the reverse is DYP KA[L] [LH] NOS (lower segment off-flan).
jimwho523
OTA300-14-2.jpg
23. Celtic AR tetradrachm - SATTELKOPFPFERD type - c.125-75 BC393 viewsobv: stylized, laureated Lysimachos head right
rev: horse walking left with stylized rider made up of three dots and a leg. All within incuse - somewhat scyphate
ref: Göbl OTA 300-14; Slg. Lanz 648ff; Pink 305; Preda: Varteju-Bucarest type
mint: epicentre Muntenia
7.53gms, 21mm

Tetradrachm of geto-dacian tribes.
Description of this type see my East celtic coins topic at the Classical Numismatics
berserker
1165_P_Hadrian_RPC2329_5.jpg
2329 PHRYGIA, Laodicea Hadrian Medallion Zeus standing53 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2329.5; Von Aulock, Phrygiens -; SNG München -; SNG von Aulock-; SNG Copenhagen 575; BMC 195

Obv. ΑΥ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС ΟΛΥΜΠΙΟС
Laureate head of Hadrian, r. with drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. ΛΑΟΔΙΚΕΩΝ
Zeus Laodiceus standing facing, head l., holding eagle in his extended r. hand, l. resting on sceptre

36.37 gr
39 mm
12h

Note.
From the Group CEM Collection, Classical Numismatic Group 90, 23 May 2012, 1058 and ex Waddell II, 12 September 1987, 363.

The epithet 'Olympios' was adopted by Hadrian in 128/9 following the dedication of the temple of Zeus Olympios in Athens. It emphasized the emperor's Panhellenic program and enthusiastic Philhellenism, for Zeus Olympios, chief god of the Greek peoples, was the Panhellenic god before all others. RPC suggests that the impressive Laodicean medallions bearing the new epithet were struck on the occasion of Hadrian's visit to the city in June 129.
6 commentsokidoki
coin234.JPG
301. Maximinus37 viewsMaximinus Thrax

The first of the "soldier-emperors," Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus spent all three years of his reign on campaign. Although Rome's senatorial elite was eventually able to bring about the downfall of this non-aristocratic emperor, the victory was only a temporary check on the rising importance of the military in the third century. The historical tradition has been universally unkind to Maximinus. His arrival on the throne was similar to that of Macrinus, the only previous emperor who had not been a member of the senatorial class at the time of his accession. Yet unlike Macrinus, Maximinus was a career soldier from a backwards province who had little or no formal education. Maximinus came to be described as a ruthless, semi-barbarian tyrant, and by late antiquity he was regularly referred to with the ethnic epithet Thrax, "the Thracian."

Denarius. IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped bust right / VICTORIA AVG, Victory running right. RIC 16, RSC 99
ecoli
477_P_Hadrian_RPC3091.jpg
3091 CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea. Hadrian Didrachm 128-38 AD Helios on Mt Argaeus35 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3091; Metcalf 93b; Sydenham 266a.
http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/3/3091/

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑСΤΟС
laureate head of Hadrian, right, with drapery on left shoulder.

Rev. ΥΠΑΤΟС Γ ΠΑΤΗΡ ΠΑΤΡ ( Issue. Hadrian Pater Patriae)
Mt Argaeus surmounted by Helios standing left, holding globe in right, sceptre in left.

Note.
Ex Classical Numismatic Group 49 (17 March 1999), lot 992.

6.42 gr
20 mm
6 h.
3 commentsokidoki
1166_P_Hadrian_RPC--.jpg
3159 CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea. Hadrian 124 AD Helios on Mt Argaeus30 viewsReference.
Cohen -, cf. 457 (laureate and without aegis). Henseler -, cf. X29a var. (without aegis). RIC -. RPC III -, cf. 3158-9 (differing bust types). Sydenham -, cf. 290a (laureate and without aegis). An unpublished variety of a very rare type.

Issue Bronze with latin legends and Mount Argaeus as reverse design

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Radiate head of Hadrian to right, with aegis on his left shoulder.

Rev. COS III
Mount Argaeus surmounted by statue of Sol-Helios, radiate, holding globe in his right hand and long scepter with his left.

4.81 gr
19 mm
6h

Note.
From the Collection of Sir A. J. Evans, Ars Classica XVII, 3 October 1934, 1400.

While usually being attributed to Caesarea, the style of the very rare small bronzes of Hadrian with Latin legends showing the Mount Argaios is clearly that of Rome. It is generally believed that the Rome mint shipped its dies to the East in such cases to have the coins struck on the spot, but the fact that RPC records an obverse die match between an Argaios-semis and a regular Rome mint piece in Vienna with a modius on the reverse (RPC III 3159.3 resp. BMC p. 442*) strongly indicates that all semisses were struck in Rome. The emergence of a local motive on a Roman Imperial coin is, in any case, very unusual and the coins may have been struck to commemorate Hadrian's visit to Cappadocia in 124 or 130/1.
1 commentsokidoki
31-Myrina.jpg
32. Myrina.62 viewsTetradrachm, ca 160 - 150 BC, minted in Myrina.
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo of Grynion.
Reverse: ΜΥΡΙΝΑΙΩΝ / Apollo standing, holding patera and laurel branch with fillets, omphalos and amphora at his feet; all within laurel wreath. Monogram at left.
16.49 gm., 32 mm.
Sacks #20 . 20g.

See K.S. Sacks, "The Wreathed Coins of Aeolian Myrina," ANS Museum Notes #30 (1985), p. 1-43.
According to Sacks' classification, the monogram makes this issue #20. The obverse die is also #20. A coin with these two dies is pictured as 20 . 20g on plate #7. The identifying features of the obverse die are the "4'th strand of hair" (actually a die flaw) up under Apollo's jaw and the several cracks in the die.
2 commentsCallimachus
1215_P_Hadrian_RPC3259_18.jpg
3259 CILICIA, Tarsus Hadrian Tridrachm 117-18 AD Tyche21 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3259.18; Prieur 759; SNG BN 1405-6; SNG Levante –;

Issue First group

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΘΕ ΤΡ ΠΑΡ ΥΙ ΘΕ ΝΕΡ ΥΙ ΤΡ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r.; fillet border

Rev. ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΕωС (around) ΤΑΡ/СΕωΝ (in field l.)
Tyche of the City, turreted and veiled, seated, l., on diphros, holding palm and cornucopia; at her feet, river-god Kydnos, crowned with sedge, swimming, right

10.26 gr
26 mm
12h

Note.
From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Garth Drewry Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 69, 8 June 2005), lot 1137
2 commentsokidoki
489_P_Hadrian_Prieur_763.jpg
3260 CILICIA, Tarsus Hadrian Tridrachm 117-18 AD Tyche54 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3260/14; Prieur --; SNG France 1404; SNG Levante –.

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΘΕ ΤΡΑ ΠΑΡ ΥΙ ΘΕ ΝΕΡ ΥΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟC CΕ
Laureate bust right, slight drapery

Rev. ΤΑΡϹΕΩΝ ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΕΩϹ
Tyche seated left on throne decorated with sphinx, holding palm frond and cornucopia; at feet, half-length figure of river-god Cydnus swimming left; all within wreath.

10.38 gr
25 mm
12 h

From the Olav E. Klingenberg Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 88 (14 September 2011), lot 1004.
Note from CNG
Most of the references do not distinguish the silver issues of Hadrian from Tarsus, but it is clear there are two distinct denominations. The heavier, at about 14 grams, is the traditional tetradrachm. The lighter, at slightly over 10 grams, is most likely a tridrachm.
1 commentsokidoki
1333_P_Hadrian_RPC3263_13.jpg
3262 CILICIA, Tarsus Hadrian Tridrachm 117-18 AD Tyche10 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3262/13; Prieur 761; M. Prieur coll.; SNG Levante 998 var. (obv. legend); SNG BN 1401; for c/m: Howgego 843.:
c/m: laureate and draped bust right of Caracalla (AMK) within oval incuse. Prieur 761 for coin & 777 for countermarked issue;

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΘΕ ΤΡΑ ΠΑΡ ΥΙ ΘΕ ΝΕΡ ΥΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟϹ ϹΕB
Laureate head of Hadrian, r.; fillet border

Rev. ΤΑΡϹΕΩΝ ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΕΩϹ
Tyche of the City, turreted and veiled, seated, l., on diphros, holding palm; at her feet, river-god Kydnos, crowned with sedge swimming, right

8.74 gr
24.5 mm
12h

Note.
From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 51 (15 September 1999), lot 951.
okidoki
1333_P_Hadrian_RPC3263_13~0.jpg
3262 CILICIA, Tarsus Hadrian Tridrachm 117-18 AD Tyche5 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3262/13; Prieur 761; M. Prieur coll.; SNG Levante 998 var. (obv. legend); SNG BN 1401; for c/m: Howgego 843.:
c/m: laureate and draped bust right of Caracalla (AMK) within oval incuse. Prieur 761 for coin & 777 for countermarked issue;

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΘΕ ΤΡΑ ΠΑΡ ΥΙ ΘΕ ΝΕΡ ΥΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟϹ ϹΕB
Laureate head of Hadrian, r.; fillet border

Rev. ΤΑΡϹΕΩΝ ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΕΩϹ
Tyche of the City, turreted and veiled, seated, l., on diphros, holding palm; at her feet, river-god Kydnos, crowned with sedge swimming, right

8.74 gr
24.5 mm
12h

Note.
From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 51 (15 September 1999), lot 951.
okidoki
1216_P_Hadrian_RPC3689_7.jpg
3689 SYRIA Antioch. Hadrian Tetradrachm 119 AD Eagle standing27 viewsReference.
Prieur 157; McAlee 534 (this coin illustrated); RPC III 3689/7

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΘΕ ΤΡΑ ΠΑΡ ΥΙ ΘΕ ΝΕΡ ΥΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒ
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, right

Rev. ΔΗΜΑΡΧ ΕΞ ΥΠΑΤ Γ
Eagle standing l. on leg and thigh of animal

13.96 gr
24 mm
6h

Note.
From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Richard McAlee Collection; Classical Numismatic Group XVII (29 September 1993), lot 1301
5 commentsokidoki
1213_P_Hadrian_RPC3805.jpg
3805 SYRIA Laodicea ad Mare. Hadrian Tetradrachm 123-24 AD Tyche 42 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3805/6; Prieur 1109; Adra 1562-5; Paris 1157

Issue Year 170 (OP)

Obv. ΑΥΤΟΚΡ ΚΑΙСΑΡ ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑСΤ
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian right, with gorgoneion on breastplate

Rev. ΙΟΥΛΙΕωΝ ΤωΝ ΚΑΙ ΛΑΟΔΙΚΕωΝ
Turreted and draped bust of Tyche, right; in field, right, ΟΡ soldiers arming the battlements/towers on Tyche's head

13 gr
25 mm
12h

Note.
From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Robert O. Ebert Collection (Part I, Stack’s Bowers & Ponterio 174, 11 January 2013), lot 5142; Numismatica Ars Classica 1 (39 March 1989), lot 862; Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 279 (August 1967), no. 40.
7 commentsokidoki
coin264.JPG
403. Carausius37 viewsMarcus Aurelius Mausaeus Carausius (d. 293) was a Roman usurper in Britain and northern Gaul (286–293, Carausian Revolt).

Carausius was a man of humble origin, a Menapian from Belgic Gaul who distinguished himself during Maximian's campaign against the Bagaudae rebels in Gaul in 286. As a result, he was appointed to command the Classis Britannica, a fleet based in the English Channel, with the responsibility of eliminating Frankish and Saxon pirates who had been raiding the coast. However, he was suspected of keeping captured treasure for himself, and even of allowing the pirates to carry out raids and enrich themselves before taking action against them, and Maximian ordered his execution. In late 286 or early 287 Carausius learned of this sentence and responded by declaring himself Emperor of Britain and northern Gaul.

He could count on the alliegance of the three legions based in Britain, as well as one in northern Gaul. How he was able to win support from the army when his command had been sea-based is uncertain. The emperor briefly assumed the title Britannicus Maximus in 285, and the British towns of Wroxeter and Caistor by Norwich towns show signs of destruction around this time, so it is possible Carausius won the army's support during military action in Britain shortly before his rebellion. Alternatively, if the accusations of larceny are true, he could perhaps afford to buy their loyalty. He also appears to have appealed to native British dissatisfaction with Roman rule: he issued coins with legends such as Restitutor Britanniae (Restorer of Britain) and Genius Britanniae (Spirit of Britain).

Maximian, busy with wars on the Rhine, was unable to challenge him immediately, but in the Autumn of 288 he began massing troops and ships for an invasion. In 289 an invasion of Britain intended to dislodge him failed badly due to storms, although a naval defeat is also possible. An uneasy peace continued until 293, during which Rome prepared for a second effort to retake the province, while Carausius began to entertain visions of legitimacy and official recognition. He minted his own coins and brought their value in to line with Roman issues as well as acknowledging and honouring Maximian and then Diocletian. Coinage is the main source of information about the rogue emperor; his issues were initially crude but soon became more elaborate and were issued from mints in Londinium, Rotomagnus and a third site, possibly Colonia Claudia Victricensis. A milestone from Carlisle with his name on it suggests that the whole of Roman Britain was in Carausius' grasp.

It has been speculated (namely, by the historian Sheppard Frere) that the rebellion of Carausius endangered Diocletian's vision of a strong, centralized government based on his tetrarchy. In any case, by early 293 Constantius Chlorus had gained control of northern Gaul, including the rebel's stronghold and port of Bononia, on which Carausius was heavily dependent. Constantius built a mole across the harbour mouth to ensure it did not receive maritime aid.

Constantius also regained the allegiance of the rebellious Gallic legion and defeated the Franks of the Rhine mouth who seem to have been working in league with Carausius. Weakened by these setbacks, Carausius was assassinated, possibly at York, by his treasurer, Allectus.

aVF/aVF Carausius Antoninianus / Pax / Green Patina and Nice Style

Attribution: RIC 895
Date: 287-293 AD
Obverse: IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right
Reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding branch and transverse sceptre.
Size: 20.91 mm
Weight: 3 grams
ecoli
45-Henry-II.jpg
45. Henry II.28 viewsPenny, 1180-1189; London mint.
Obverse: HENRICVS . REX / Crowned bust, facing, with sceptre at left.
Reverse: +PIERES . ON . LVND / Short cross voided, with quatrefoil in each angle.
Moneyer: Pieres.
1.44 gm., 21 mm. North #963; Seaby #1344.

Classification from North Vol. 1, p. 163-64, and Seaby 1994 p. 87:
- Class 1: Narrow face, five pearls to crown, five curls to right and two to left.
- b : Round C and E. Seaby also mentions "a stop before REX on most coins."


1 commentsCallimachus
46-Richard-I.jpg
46. Richard I.19 viewsPenny, London mint.
Obverse: HENRICVS REX / Crowned bust, facing, with sceptre at left.
Reverse: +STIVENE . ON . LVN / Short cross voided, with quatrefoil in each angle.
Moneyer: Stivene.
1.36 gm., 19 mm.
North #968; Seaby #1348A (old #1348).

Classification from North, Vol.1, p. 163-64, 170, Addendum; and Seaby 1994:
- The moneyer Stivene coined types 2 - 4b.
- Types 2 and 3 can be eliminated because the beard consists of small curls.
- Type 4 has beard consisting of pellets (as does this coin).
- Type 4b has a much coarser portrait and letters; the pellets in the crown run into one line.

North (1963) assigns type 4 to John, but later works (Seaby 1994, for example) assign 4a-4b to Richard. It appears that Stivene coined only for Richard. The difficulty in attribution stems from the fact that both Richard and John kept the name of their father (Henry II) on their coins.

Callimachus
47-John.jpg
47. John20 viewsPenny, London mint.
Obverse: HENRICVS REX / Crowned bust, facing, with sceptre at left.
Reverse: +ILGER . ON . LVND / Short cross voided, with quatrefoil in each angle.
Moneyer: Ilger.
1.46 gm., 18 mm.
North #970; Seaby #1351.

Classification from North Vol. 1, p. 163-64:
- Type 5 had oval eyes, two curls on each side enclosing a pellet, and five pearls on crown.
- Type 5a or 5b has a small X.
- Type 5b has a cross pattee as a mint mark on the reverse, and a normal S.

The difficulty in attribution stems from the fact that both Richard and John kept the name of their father (Henry II) on their coins.

Callimachus
sht_014.JPG
48 BC Ancient Greece Aeolis - Kyme Silver Hemiobol Coin51 viewsAncient Greece 48 B.C Aeolis - Kyme Silver Hemiobol Coin Finest & Rare type
For auction, an original & finest, scarce type, Ancient central Greece issue of the Aeolis region - issued within the city of Kyme, circa 48 BC, solid Silver composition, hemiobol type Coin. The coin is presented in VF ( very fine ) grade. Some very slight spend ware on both obverse & reverse. See KrAuse world coins price guide & Spink Coins 2010 Catalogues. Even better in hand. The coin has not been chemically cleaned.
Obverse : Head of eagle left, K in left field.
Reverse : Quadripartite incuse square.
Classical and hellenistic periods
Specification. ORIGINAL - Uncleaned
0.46 grams weight
Silver Composition
8.0 mm diameter
Scarce issue / finest state
2458
SOLD
Antonio Protti
48-Henry-III.jpg
48. Henry III18 viewsPenny, ca 1251-1272; London mint.
Obverse: HENRICVS REX III / Crowned bust, facing, sceptre in right hand.
Reverse: HENRI ON LVNDE / Long cross voided, with three pellets in each angle.
Moneyer: Henri.
1.49 gm., 18 mm.
North #992; Sear #1368.

Classification from North, Vol. 1, p. 166-68:
- Type 4 and 5 are with sceptre.
- Type 5 has legend starting at left above sceptre.
- Types 5a and 5b have new crown (fig.3) and round eyes.
- Type 5b has wedge tail on R.

Callimachus
49-Edward-I.jpg
49. Edward I19 viewsPenny, ca 1280-1281; London mint.
Obverse: EDW R' ANGL' DNS HYB / Crowned bust, facing.
Reverse: CIVITAS LONDON / Long cross with three pellets in each angle.
1.45 gm., 19 mm.
North #1022; Seaby #1393.

Classification from North, Vol. 2, p. 19-21:
- This coin has the following characteristics of type 3:
barred A, closed E and C, Roman N, no annulet on breast.
- The following characteristics indicate sub-type g:
small bust, narrow face, new side fleurs on crown (fig. 29).
- This coin is type 3g.

Callimachus
50-Edward-II.jpg
50. Edward II16 viewsPenny, London mint.
Obverse: +EDWAR R ANGL DNS HYB / Crowned bust, facing.
Reverse: CIVITAS LONDON / Long cross with three pellets in each angle.
1.41 gm., 19 mm.
North #1065; Seaby #1468.

Classification from North, Vol. 2, p. 24-25; and Seaby 1994:
- E with angular back = types 11b - 15b.
- Bifoliate crown = types 10a - 15b.
- The distinguishing feature is the central fleur of the crown with straight sides and tall lis (fig. 13 on p. 25 of North, vol. 2.)
- Along with this goes the "large smiling face with leering eyes."
- This coins is therefore type 14 -- which is attributed to Edward II.

Perhaps unusual is the obverse legend with two Rs in it, not mentioned by North or Seaby.
Callimachus
coin517.JPG
501b. Crispus Ticinum VOTA10 viewsTicinum

Ticinum (the modern Pavia) was an ancient city of Gallia Transpadana, founded on the banks of the river of the same name (now the Ticino river) a little way above its confluence with the Padus (Po).

It is said by Pliny to have been founded by the Laevi and Marici, two Ligurian tribes, while Ptolemy attributes it to the Insubres.

Its importance in Roman times was due to the extension of the Via Aemilia from Ariminum (Rimini) to the Padus (187 BC), which it crossed at Placentia (Piacenza) and there forked, one branch going to Mediolanum (Milan) and the other to Ticinum, and thence to Laumellum where it divided once more, one branch going to Vercellae - and thence to Eporedia and Augusta Praetoria - and the other to Valentia - and thence to Augusta Taurinorum (Turin) or to Pollentia.

The branch to Eporedia must have been constructed before 100 BC. Ticinum is not infrequently mentioned by classical writers. It was a municipium, and from an inscription we know that a triumphal arch was erected in honor of Augustus and his family, but we learn little of it except that in the 4th century AD there was a manufacture of bows there.

It was pillaged by Attila in AD 452 and by Odoacer in 476, but rose to importance as a military centre in the Gothic period. At Dertona and here the grain stores of Liguria were placed, and Theodoric the Great constructed a palace, baths and amphitheatre and new town walls; while an inscription of Athalaric relating to repairs of seats in the amphitheatre is preserved (AD 528‑529). From this point, too, navigation on the Padus seems to have begun. Narses recovered it for the Eastern Empire, but after a long siege, the garrison had to surrender to the Lombards in 572.

001b. Crispus Ticinum

RIC VII Ticinum 153 R3

ecoli
51-Edward-III.jpg
51. Edward III16 viewsGroat, 1351-1352, London mint.
Obverse: +EDWARD DEI G REX ANGL Z FRANC D HYB / Crowned bust, facing.
Reverse: +POSVI DEVM ADIVTOREM MEV CIVITAS LONDON / Long cross with three pellets in each angle.
4.43 gm., 28 mm.
North #1147; Seaby #1565.

Classification and dating from North, Vol 2, p. 29-31:
- Fourth coinage (no groats in the 1'st - 3'rd coinages).
- Pre-treaty period 1351-1361, with French title.
- London "series C" 1351-1352:

mint mark: Cross 1 (p. 29); closed C and E; Roman N, but also backwards N; wedgefoot on R.

Callimachus
896_P_Hadrian_Emmett1037_5.jpg
5292 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 120-21 AD Serapis18 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5292.6; Dattari-Savio Suppl. 154 (this coin); Emmett 1037.5

Issue L E = year 5

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder.

Rev. L Ε
Temple (classical) with two columns enclosing Sarapis standing facing, head l., holding sceptre; to l., altar, Temple with sun disc between horns

15.91 gr
33 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection.
okidoki
53-Richard-II.jpg
53. Richard II.14 viewsHalf penny, London mint.
Obverse: +RICA . . . . . ANGL / Crowned bust, facing.
Reverse: CIVITAS LONDON / Long cross with three pellets in each angle.
.58 gm., 14 mm.
North #1331; Seaby #1699.

Classification from Seaby 1994, p. 113; and North, Vol. 2, p. 45:
Seaby lists four types of half pennies for Richard II. The type of lettering on this coin excludes types 3 and 4. The 1'st type is excluded because there is no annulet on the breast and there are no Roman Ns in LONDON. So this coin is the second "intermediate" type with no marks on the breast and Lombardic Ns in LONDON.
Callimachus
54-Henry-IV.jpg
54. Henry IV.26 viewsPenny, heavy coinage: 1399-1412, York mint.
Obverse: +HENRIC REX ANGL Z FRANC / Crowned bust, facing.
Reverse: CIVITAS EBORACI / Long cross with three pellets in each angle, quatrefoil at center.
Classification: The identifying feature of the mint of York is the Quatrefoil at the center of the reverse cross. The broad face with rounded chin identifies the specific catalog numbers in both North and Seaby.

1.03 gm., 18 mm.
North #1351; Seaby #1722.

Provenance: ex. Lord Stewartby collection.
1 commentsCallimachus
55-Henry-V.jpg
55. Henry V.19 viewsGroat, London mint.
Obverse: +HENRIC DI GRA REX ANGLIE Z FRANC / Crowned bust, facing; mullet on right shoulder.
Reverse: +POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE MEVM CIVITAS LONDON / Lond cross with three pellets in each angle.
3.72 gm., 25 mm.
North #1367; Seaby #1765.

Classification: The identifying feature on this coin is the mullet on the right shoulder. That places it in "class C" in both North and Seaby.

Callimachus
56-Henry-VI.jpg
56. Henry VI.23 viewsGroat, 1422-1427; Calaise mint.
Obverse: +HENRIC DI GRA REX ANGL Z FRANC / Crowned bust facing, with annulet on each side of neck.
Reverse: +POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE MEVM VILLA CALISIE / Long cross with three pellets in each angle, annulet in two quarters and after POSVI.
3.43 gm., 27 mm.
North #1424 or #1427; Seaby #1836.

Classification: North, Vol. 2, p. 56 is a bit confused as to the differences between #1424 and #1427. Otherwise this coin is very easy to assign to the "annulet issue" of 1422-1427.

Callimachus
58-Edward-IV.jpg
58. Edward IV.18 viewsGroat, light coinage of 1464-1470; London mint.
Obverse: EDWARD DI GRA REX ANGL Z FRANC / Crowned bust, facing, quatrefoils at neck.
Reverse: POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE MEVM CIVITAS LONDON / Long cross with three pellets in each angle.
Mint mark: crown on both sides.
3.09 gm., 25 mm.
North #1570; Seaby #2000.

Classification: North classifies Edward IV's groats into at least 22 types. Fortunately many of them have different mint marks, and the crown mint mark on both sides of this coin readily identify it as type 7. It is suggested that this mint mark was used from July 1466 to July 1467.

Callimachus
478_P_Hadrian_Emmett1042.jpg
5844 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 132-33 AD Hadrian & Serapis18 viewsReference.
Emmett 1042.17; RPC III, 5844; Köln 1085-6; Dattari (Savio) 1944-5

Issue L IZ = year 17

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝ - ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.

Rev. [L] IZ (date) in exergue.
temple (classical) with two columns enclosing Sarapis standing, r. holding sceptre and raising arm; to r., Emperor (Hadrian), laureate-headed, wearing toga, standing l., holding sceptre; between, altar inscribed ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟΝ

27.60 gr
33 mm
11 h.

Note.
CNG E-auction 360
Ex Coin Galleries (12 April 2000), lot 497 (listed as Ex Dattari, but not one of the plated examples).
okidoki
1006_P_Hadrian_RPC5845.jpg
5845 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 132-33 AD Hadrian & Serapis54 viewsReference.
RPC III 5845/2; Köln 1084; Dattari (Savio) 1946 (this coin); K&G 32.554; Emmett 1042.17; Staffieri, Alexandria In Nummis 69 (this coin)

Issue L IZ = year 17

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝ - ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., seen from rear

Rev. L ΙΖ
Temple (classical) with two columns enclosing Sarapis standing, r. holding sceptre and presenting globe; to r., Emperor (Hadrian), laureate-headed, wearing toga, standing l.,
holding sceptre; between, altar inscribed ΑΔΡ/ΙΑ/ΝΟΝ

23.82 gr
34 mm
12h

Note.
From the Giovanni Maria Staffieri Collection, purchased from Renzo Canavesi, Sagno, 1996. Ex Renzo Canavesi Collection (Sagno); Dr. Piero Beretta Collection (Milan); Giovanni Dattari Collection, no. 1946.

A rare variety with Sarapis holding a globe instead of saluting the emperor. The authors of RPC cite two coins: this coin, and the one in the Köln collection. There is also an example in the Ashmolean Museum collection (Milne 1380).
8 commentsokidoki
698Hadrian_RIC590.jpg
590 Hadrian Sestertius Roma 119-21 AD Lictor standing57 viewsReference.
RIC 590b; Banti 620; Strack 555; C 1210

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III
Laureate heroic bust right, slight drapery

Rev. RELIQVA VETERA HS NOVIES MILL ABOLITA / S - C
Lictor standing left, holding fasces, setting fire to heap of bonds with torch.

25.59 gr
32 mm
6h

Notes.
https://www.forumancientcoins.com/numiswiki/view.asp?key=RELIQVA%20VETERA%20HS%20NOVIES%20MILL%20ABOLITA

From the estate of Thomas Bentley Cederlind. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 47 (16 September 1998), lot 1611.

In July of AD 118 Hadrian made his first appearance in Rome as emperor to celebrate a Parthian triumph in the name of Trajan. He was quickly called away to Moesia to subdue the Sarmatians and Roxolani. While away, four high ranking senators – Lucius Quietus, Cornelius Palma, L. Publius Celsus and C. Avidius – were executed by the senate for an alleged conspiracy against Hadrian, despite a promise by Hadrian not to execute members of the Senate. To calm a suspicious public, Hadrian held a week long gladiatorial show, granted an extra public largesse, and, as this coin advertises, relinquished the public debt to the state equaling 900 million sestertii. This event culminated in an elaborate ceremony held in the Forum of Trajan where all records of these debts were set on fire.
4 commentsokidoki
a0_1.jpg
6. Constantine X, Class E anonymous follis31 viewsConstantine X
1059 - 1067
Class E anonymous follis

obv. - Jesus with nimbus, holding book of gospels, IC - XC
Zam
8a_1.jpg
6.1 Constantine X, Class E anonymous follis40 viewsConstantine X
1059 - 1067
Class E anonymous follis

rev. - ISXS - bASILE - bASIL in three lines
Zam
504_P_Hadrian_Emmett1036.jpg
6044 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 134-35 AD Sarapis18 viewsReference.
Emmett 1036.19; RPC III, 6044; Cf. Milne 1469 (division of legend); D 1966

Issue L ƐΝΝƐΑΚ·Δ = year 19

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝ - ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Hadrian right, seen from behind.

Rev. L ƐΝΝƐΑΚ·Δ
temple (classical) with two columns enclosing Sarapis seated, l.; to l., Cerberus

21.31 gr
33 mm
11h
okidoki
61-Henry-VII.jpg
61. Henry VII.15 viewsGroat, 1504-1507, London mint.
Obverse: HENRIC DI GRA REX AGLI Z FR / Crowned bust, facing.
Reverse: POSVI DEV' ADIVTORE' MEV' CIVITAS LONDON / Long cross, with three pellets in each angle.
Mint mark: crosslet on both sides.
2.93 gm., 25 mm.
North #1706; Seaby #2201

Classification: The arch on the crown is a double bar with six uprights or crockets as jewels. This makes it type 4b. According to the table of mint marks (initial marks) on page 77 of North, Vol. 2, the crosslet mintmark was used 1504-1507.

Callimachus
TiberiusTributePennyRICI30RSCII16aSRCV1763.jpg
703a, Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Tribute Penny of Matthew 22:20-2148 viewsSilver denarius, RIC I 30, RSC II 16a, SRCV 1763, gVF, Lugdunum mint, 3.837g, 18.7mm, 90o, 16 - 37 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF MAXIM, Pax/Livia seated right holding scepter and branch, legs on chair ornamented, feet on footstool; toned. Ex FORVM.


De Imperatoribus Romanis
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Tiberius (A.D. 14-37)

Garrett G. Fagan
Pennsylvania State University

Introduction
The reign of Tiberius (b. 42 B.C., d. A.D. 37, emperor A.D. 14-37) is a particularly important one for the Principate, since it was the first occasion when the powers designed for Augustus alone were exercised by somebody else. In contrast to the approachable and tactful Augustus, Tiberius emerges from the sources as an enigmatic and darkly complex figure, intelligent and cunning, but given to bouts of severe depression and dark moods that had a great impact on his political career as well as his personal relationships.

. . . .

Early life (42-12 B.C.)
Tiberius Claudius Nero was born on 16 November 42 B.C. to Ti. Claudius Nero and Livia Drusilla. Both parents were scions of the gens Claudia which had supplied leaders to the Roman Republic for many generations. . . [I]n 39 B.C., his mother Livia divorced Ti. Claudius Nero and married Octavian, thereby making the infant Tiberius the stepson of the future ruler of the Roman world. Forever afterward, Tiberius was to have his name coupled with this man, and always to his detriment.

. . . .

Accession and Early Reign (A.D. 14 - 23)
The accession of Tiberius proved intensely awkward. After Augustus had been buried and deified, and his will read and honored, the Senate convened on 18 September to inaugurate the new reign and officially "confirm" Tiberius as emperor. Such a transfer of power had never happened before, and nobody, including Tiberius, appears to have known what to do. Tacitus's account is the fullest. . . Rather than tactful, he came across to the senators as obdurate and obstructive. He declared that he was too old for the responsibilities of the Principate, said he did not want the job, and asked if he could just take one part of the government for himself. The Senate was confused, not knowing how to read his behavior. Finally, one senator asked pointedly, "Sire, for how long will you allow the State to be without a head?" Tiberius relented and accepted the powers voted to him, although he refused the title "Augustus."

. . . .

Tiberius allowed a trusted advisor to get too close and gain a tremendous influence over him. That advisor was the Praetorian Prefect, L. Aelius Sejanus, who would derail Tiberius's plans for the succession and drive the emperor farther into isolation, depression, and paranoia.

Sejanus (A.D. 23-31)
Sejanus hailed from Volsinii in Etruria. He and his father shared the Praetorian Prefecture until A.D. 15 when the father, L. Seius Strabo, was promoted to be Prefect of Egypt, the pinnacle of an equestrian career under the Principate. Sejanus, now sole Prefect of the Guard, enjoyed powerful connections to senatorial houses and had been a companion to Gaius Caesar on his mission to the East, 1 B.C. - A.D. 4. Through a combination of energetic efficiency, fawning sycophancy, and outward displays of loyalty, he gained the position of Tiberius's closest friend and advisor.

. . . .

[I]n a shocking and unexpected turn of events, [a] letter sent by Tiberius from Capri initially praised Sejanus extensively, and then suddenly denounced him as a traitor and demanded his arrest. Chaos ensued. Senators long allied with Sejanus headed for the exits, the others were confused -- was this a test of their loyalty? What did the emperor want them to do? -- but the Praetorian Guard, the very troops formerly under Sejanus's command but recently and secretly transferred to the command of Q. Sutorius Macro, arrested Sejanus, conveyed him to prison, and shortly afterwards executed him summarily. A witch-hunt followed. . . All around the city, grim scenes were played out, and as late as A.D. 33 a general massacre of all those still in custody took place.

Tiberius himself later claimed that he turned on Sejanus because he had been alerted to Sejanus's plot against Germanicus's family. This explanation has been rejected by most ancient and modern authorities, since Sejanus's demise did nothing to alleviate that family's troubles.

. . . .

The Last Years (A.D. 31-37)
The Sejanus affair appears to have greatly depressed Tiberius. A close friend and confidant had betrayed him; whom could he trust anymore? His withdrawal from public life seemed more complete in the last years. Letters kept him in touch with Rome, but it was the machinery of the Augustan administration that kept the empire running smoothly. Tiberius, if we believe our sources, spent much of his time indulging his perversities on Capri.

. . . .

Tiberius died quietly in a villa at Misenum on 16 March A.D. 37. He was 78 years old. There are some hints in the sources of the hand of Caligula in the deed, but such innuendo can be expected at the death of an emperor, especially when his successor proved so depraved. The level of unpopularity Tiberius had achieved by the time of his death with both the upper and lower classes is revealed by these facts: the Senate refused to vote him divine honors, and mobs filled the streets yelling "To the Tiber with Tiberius!" (in reference to a method of disposal reserved for the corpses of criminals).

Tiberius and the Empire
Three main aspects of Tiberius's impact on the empire deserve special attention: his relative military inertia; his modesty in dealing with offers of divine honors and his fair treatment of provincials; and his use of the Law of Treason (maiestas).

. . . .

Conclusion
. . . Tiberius's reign sporadically descended into tyranny of the worst sort. In the right climate of paranoia and suspicion, widespread denunciation led to the deaths of dozens of Senators and equestrians, as well as numerous members of the imperial house. In this sense, the reign of Tiberius decisively ended the Augustan illusion of "the Republic Restored" and shone some light into the future of the Principate, revealing that which was both promising and terrifying.

[For the entire article please refer to http://www.roman-emperors.org/tiberius.htm]

Copyright © 1997, Garrett G. Fagan. Used by permission.

"Some of the things he did are hard to believe. He had little boys trained as minnows to chase him when he went swimming and to get between his legs and nibble him. He also had babies not weaned from their mother breast suck at his chest and groin . . . "
(Suetonius. The Twelve Caesars. Trans. Robert Graves. London: Penguin Books, 1979. XLIV).

Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denarius type is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible(Joseph Sermarini).


Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
CLAUD34LG.jpg
705a, Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.62 viewsClaudius. 42-43 AD. AE As.
Claudius. 42-43 AD. AE As (29 mm, 10.87 g). Obverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head right; Reverse: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI / S - C, Constantiae in military dress standing left, holding spear; RIC I, 111; aVF. Ex Imperial Coins.



De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

CLAUDIUS (41-54 A.D.)

Garrett G. Fagan
Pennsylvania State University

Ti. Claudius Nero Germanicus (b. 10 BC, d. 54 A.D.; emperor, 41-54 A.D.) was the third emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. His reign represents a turning point in the history of the Principate for a number of reasons, not the least for the manner of his accession and the implications it carried for the nature of the office. During his reign he promoted administrators who did not belong to the senatorial or equestrian classes, and was later vilified by authors who did. He followed Caesar in carrying Roman arms across the English Channel into Britain but, unlike his predecessor, he initiated the full-scale annexation of Britain as a province, which remains today the most closely studied corner of the Roman Empire. His relationships with his wives and children provide detailed insights into the perennial difficulties of the succession problem faced by all Roman Emperors. His final settlement in this regard was not lucky: he adopted his fourth wife's son, L. Domitius Ahenobarbus, who was to reign catastrophically as Nero and bring the dynasty to an end. Claudius's reign, therefore, was a mixture of successes and failures that leads into the last phase of the Julio-Claudian line.

Robert Graves' fictional characterization of Claudius as an essentially benign man with a keen intelligence has tended to dominate the wider public's view of this emperor. Close study of the sources, however, reveals a somewhat different kind of man. In addition to his scholarly and cautious nature, he had a cruel streak, as suggested by his addiction to gladiatorial games and his fondness for watching his defeated opponents executed. He conducted closed-door (in camera ) trials of leading citizens that frequently resulted in their ruin or deaths -- an unprecedented and tyrannical pattern of behavior. He had his wife Messalina executed, and he personally presided over a kangaroo court in the Praetorian Camp in which many of her hangers-on lost their lives. He abandoned his own son Britannicus to his fate and favored the advancement of Nero as his successor. While he cannot be blamed for the disastrous way Nero's rule turned out, he must take some responsibility for putting that most unsuitable youth on the throne. At the same time, his reign was marked by some notable successes: the invasion of Britain, stability and good government in the provinces, and successful management of client kingdoms. Claudius, then, is a more enigmatic figure than the other Julio-Claudian emperors: at once careful, intelligent, aware and respectful of tradition, but given to bouts of rage and cruelty, willing to sacrifice precedent to expediency, and utterly ruthless in his treatment of those who crossed him. Augustus's suspicion that there was more to the timid Claudius than met the eye was more than fully borne out by the events of his unexpected reign.

The possibility has to be entertained that Claudius was a far more active participant in his own elevation than traditional accounts let on. There is just reason to suspect that he may even have been involved in planning the murder of Gaius (Caligula). Merely minutes before the assassination of Gaius, Claudius had departed for lunch; this appears altogether too fortuitous. This possibility, however, must remain pure speculation, since the ancient evidence offers nothing explicit in the way of support. On the other hand, we can hardly expect them to, given the later pattern of events. The whole issue of Claudius's possible involvement in the death of Gaius and his own subsequent acclamation by the Praetorian Guard must, therefore, remain moot . . . yet intriguing

Copyright 1998, Garrett G. Fagan.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
770Hadrian_RIC706~0.jpg
706 Hadrian Sestertius Roma 132-34 AD Galley left59 viewsReference
RIC 706; Strack 837; C. 657; Banti 337

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Laureate head right.

Rev. FELICITATI AVG COS III P P S-C in field
Galley moving left with stearman and five rowers; vexillum on prow.

23.61 gr
31 mm
12h

Ex.
Stack's Bowers Galleries January 2013 N.Y.I.N.C. lot 5210

Note.
An acrostolium is an ornamental extension of the stem post on the prow of an ancient warship. Often used as a symbol of victory or of power at sea. (numiswiki)
1st-4th Century AD:
The Ship in Imperial Rome

Realizing its importance, Augustus established the Roman navy along lines similar to that of the legions. In addition to a number of key harbors, from which ships could be deployed, he stationed several fleets (Latin classes) in key areas throughout the empire. Among these, the classis Britannica patrolled the channel between Gaul and Britannia, protecting the shipping lanes. Its strategic regional importance is commemorated in the coinage of several of the period usurpers from the area. M. Aurelius Postumus was the first to do so (lots 676-679). His bronze ship issues carry the legend LAETITIA AVG, emphasizing the source of imperial well-being resides in a strong navy. The usurper M. Aurelius Carausius, commander of the classis Britannica under Diocletian, struck coins commemorating, in part, his control of that fleet and its abilities in keeping the sea lanes open (lot 680). His short-lived successor, Allectus, continued the type (lots 681-684).

One important function of the navy was the transportation of the imperial family on state visits. From the time of Augustus, vessels were dispatched to carry the emperor between the capital and the provinces. One such instance is commemorated in a rare bronze as, struck at Patrae in AD 66/7 (lot 609). The reverse depicts the quinquereme used to carry Nero on his infamous tour of Greece. Hadrian’s extensive travels were recorded with a wide variety of ship types struck at Rome (lots 610-622), and in the East (lot 623). An inscription from Ephesus (Syll. III 3241), records that a local captain, L. Erastus, used his ship to transport the emperor while he was in that area. A coin struck at Alexandria (lot 624) is of particular importance for, in the same year as the coin was struck Antinoüs drowned as the imperial party was sailing up the Nile. Hadrian’s successors continued to travel, now to shore up border conflicts or prepare for one of the periodic wars with Persia (lots 625-627; 631-675). By the middle of the third century AD local issues, rather than those minted at the imperial capital, recorded these events, a sign that the center of power was drifting away from Rome itself.

Warships were not the exclusive vessel of the Roman navy. Providing the empire with an uninterrupted supply of grain, as well as other necessary supplies, necessitated the construction of ship for such a purpose. Unlike the warship, which required speed and strength for ramming, the merchantman (Greek nau~ stroggulh; Latin navis oneraria) was of broader beam. Many of these vessels, like the ponto or more common actuaria resembled the shape of a trireme and could be powered by both oars and sails. Since ships of this type were used to transport vital commodities such as wine and grain, they, like the large ponto, are often those shown on coins from the Black Sea (lots 655 and 664-666). The great Roman merchantman, or corbita, often seen in part on imperial issues commemorating the annona, is more familiar (lots 607-608). Powered by two large sails, it featured a rear cabin in the shape of a swan and was the true workhorse of Roman merchant vessels; its type continued well into the Byzantine period.
3 commentsokidoki
Nero AE Sestertius.jpg
706a, Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.73 views6, Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D. AE setertius, Date: 66 AD; RIC I 516, 36.71 mm; 25.5 grams; aVF. Obverse: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONT MAX TR POT PP, Laureate bust right; Reverse: S C, ROMA, Roma seated left, exceptional portrait and full obverse legends. Ex Ancient Imports.

NERO (54-68 A.D.)

It is difficult for the modern student of history to realize just how popular Nero actually was, at least at the beginning of his reign. Rome looked upon her new Emperor with hope. He was the student of Seneca, and he had a sensitive nature. He loved art, music, literature, and theatre. He was also devoted to horses and horse racing—a devotion shared by many of his subjects. The plebs loved their new Emperor. As Professor of Classics Judith P. Hallett (University of Maryland, College Park) says, “It is not clear to me that Nero ever changed or that Nero ever grew-up, and that was both his strength and his weakness. Nero was an extraordinarily popular Emperor: he was like Elvis” (The Roman Empire in the First Century, III. Dir. Margaret Koval and Lyn Goldfarb. 2001. DVD. PBS/Warner Bros. 2003).

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Herbert W. Benario
Emory University

Introduction and Sources
The five Julio-Claudian emperors are very different one from the other. Augustus dominates in prestige and achievement from the enormous impact he had upon the Roman state and his long service to Rome, during which he attained unrivaled auctoritas. Tiberius was clearly the only possible successor when Augustus died in AD 14, but, upon his death twenty-three years later, the next three were a peculiar mix of viciousness, arrogance, and inexperience. Gaius, better known as Caligula, is generally styled a monster, whose brief tenure did Rome no service. His successor Claudius, his uncle, was a capable man who served Rome well, but was condemned for being subject to his wives and freedmen. The last of the dynasty, Nero, reigned more than three times as long as Gaius, and the damage for which he was responsible to the state was correspondingly greater. An emperor who is well described by statements such as these, "But above all he was carried away by a craze for popularity and he was jealous of all who in any way stirred the feeling of the mob." and "What an artist the world is losing!" and who is above all remembered for crimes against his mother and the Christians was indeed a sad falling-off from the levels of Augustus and Tiberius. Few will argue that Nero does not rank as one of the worst emperors of all.

The prime sources for Nero's life and reign are Tacitus' Annales 12-16, Suetonius' Life of Nero, and Dio Cassius' Roman History 61-63, written in the early third century. Additional valuable material comes from inscriptions, coinage, papyri, and archaeology.


Early Life
He was born on December 15, 37, at Antium, the son of Cnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbusand Agrippina. Domitius was a member of an ancient noble family, consul in 32; Agrippina was the daughter of the popular Germanicus, who had died in 19, and Agrippina, daughter of Agrippa, Augustus' closest associate, and Julia, the emperor's daughter, and thus in direct descent from the first princeps. When the child was born, his uncle Gaius had only recently become emperor. The relationship between mother and uncle was difficult, and Agrippina suffered occasional humiliation. But the family survived the short reign of the "crazy" emperor, and when he was assassinated, it chanced that Agrippina's uncle, Claudius, was the chosen of the praetorian guard, although there may have been a conspiracy to accomplish this.

Ahenobarbus had died in 40, so the son was now the responsibility of Agrippina alone. She lived as a private citizen for much of the decade, until the death of Messalina, the emperor's wife, in 48 made competition among several likely candidates to become the new empress inevitable. Although Roman law forbade marriage between uncle and niece, an eloquent speech in the senate by Lucius Vitellius, Claudius' closest advisor in the senatorial order, persuaded his audience that the public good required their union. The marriage took place in 49, and soon thereafter the philosopher Seneca [[PIR2 A617]] was recalled from exile to become the young Domitius' tutor, a relationship which endured for some dozen years.

His advance was thereafter rapid. He was adopted by Claudius the following year and took the name Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar or Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus, was preferred to Claudius' natural son, Britannicus, who was about three years younger, was betrothed to the emperor's daughter Octavia, and was, in the eyes of the people, the clear successor to the emperor. In 54, Claudius died, having eaten some poisoned mushrooms, responsibility for which was believed to be Agrippina's, and the young Nero, not yet seventeen years old, was hailed on October 13 as emperor by the praetorian guard.


The First Years of Rule
The first five years of Nero's rule are customarily called the quinquennium, a period of good government under the influence, not always coinciding, of three people, his mother, Seneca, and Sextus Afranius Burrus, the praetorian prefect. The latter two were allies in their "education" of the emperor. Seneca continued his philosophical and rhetorical training, Burrus was more involved in advising on the actualities of government. They often combined their influence against Agrippina, who, having made her son emperor, never let him forget the debt he owed his mother, until finally, and fatally, he moved against her.

Nero's betrothal to Octavia was a significant step in his ultimate accession to the throne, as it were, but she was too quiet, too shy, too modest for his taste. He was early attracted to Poppaea Sabina, the wife of Otho, and she continually goaded him to break from Octavia and to show himself an adult by opposing his mother. In his private life, Nero honed the musical and artistic tastes which were his chief interest, but, at this stage, they were kept private, at the instigation of Seneca and Burrus.

As the year 59 began, Nero had just celebrated his twenty-first birthday and now felt the need to employ the powers which he possessed as emperor as he wished, without the limits imposed by others. Poppaea's urgings had their effect, first of all, at the very onset of the year, with Nero's murder of his mother in the Bay of Naples.

Agrippina had tried desperately to retain her influence with her son, going so far as to have intercourse with him. But the break between them proved irrevocable, and Nero undertook various devices to eliminate his mother without the appearance of guilt on his part. The choice was a splendid vessel which would collapse while she was on board. As this happened, she swam ashore and, when her attendant, having cried out that she was Agrippina, was clubbed to death, Agrippina knew what was going on. She sent Nero a message that she was well; his response was to send a detachment of sailors to finish the job. When she was struck across the head, she bared her womb and said, "Strike here, Anicetus, strike here, for this bore Nero," and she was brutally murdered.

Nero was petrified with fear when he learned that the deed had been done, yet his popularity with the plebs of Rome was not impaired. This matricide, however, proved a turning point in his life and principate. It appeared that all shackles were now removed. The influence of Seneca and Burrus began to wane, and when Burrus died in 62, Seneca realized that his powers of persuasion were at an end and soon went into retirement. Britannicus had died as early as 55; now Octavia was to follow, and Nero became free to marry Poppaea. It may be that it had been Burrus rather than Agrippina who had continually urged that Nero's position depended in large part upon his marriage to Octavia. Burrus' successor as commander of the praetorian guard, although now with a colleague, was Ofonius Tigellinus, quite the opposite of Burrus in character and outlook. Tigellinus became Nero's "evil twin," urging and assisting in the performance of crimes and the satisfaction of lusts.


Administrative and Foreign Policy
With Seneca and Burrus in charge of administration at home, the first half-dozen years of Nero's principate ran smoothly. He himself devoted his attention to his artistic, literary, and physical bents, with music, poetry, and chariot racing to the fore. But his advisors were able to keep these performances and displays private, with small, select audiences on hand. Yet there was a gradual trend toward public performance, with the establishment of games. Further, he spent many nights roaming the city in disguise, with numerous companions, who terrorized the streets and attacked individuals. Those who dared to defend themselves often faced death afterward, because they had shown disrespect for the emperor. The die was being cast for the last phases of Nero's reign.


The Great Fire at Rome and The Punishment
of the Christians
The year 64 was the most significant of Nero's principate up to this point. His mother and wife were dead, as was Burrus, and Seneca, unable to maintain his influence over Nero without his colleague's support, had withdrawn into private life. The abysmal Tigellinus was now the foremost advisor of the still young emperor, a man whose origin was from the lowest levels of society and who can accurately be described as criminal in outlook and action. Yet Nero must have considered that he was happier than he had ever been in his life. Those who had constrained his enjoyment of his (seemingly) limitless power were gone, he was married to Poppaea, a woman with all advantages save for a bad character the empire was essentially at peace, and the people of Rome enjoyed a full measure of panem et circenses. But then occurred one of the greatest disasters that the city of Rome, in its long history, had ever endured.

The fire began in the southeastern angle of the Circus Maximus, spreading through the shops which clustered there, and raged for the better part of a week. There was brief success in controlling the blaze, but then it burst forth once more, so that many people claimed that the fires were deliberately set. After about a fortnight, the fire burned itself out, having consumed ten of the fourteen Augustan regions into which the city had been divided.

Nero was in Antium through much of the disaster, but his efforts at relief were substantial. Yet many believed that he had been responsible, so that he could perform his own work comparing the current fate of Rome to the downfall of Troy. All his efforts to assist the stricken city could not remove the suspicion that "the emperor had fiddled while Rome burned." He lost favor even among the plebs who had been enthusiastic supporters, particularly when his plans for the rebuilding of the city revealed that a very large part of the center was to become his new home.

As his popularity waned, Nero and Tigellinus realized that individuals were needed who could be charged with the disaster. It so happened that there was such a group ready at hand, Christians, who had made themselves unpopular because of their refusal to worship the emperor, their way of life, and their secret meetings. Further, at this time two of their most significant "teachers" were in Rome, Peter and Paul. They were ideal scapegoats, individuals whom most Romans loathed, and who had continually sung of the forthcoming end of the world.

Their destruction was planned with the utmost precision and cruelty, for the entertainment of the populace. The venue was Nero's circus near the Mons Vaticanus. Christians were exposed to wild animals and were set ablaze, smeared with pitch, to illuminate the night. The executions were so grisly that even the populace displayed sympathy for the victims. Separately, Peter was crucified upside down on the Vatican hill and Paul was beheaded along the Via Ostiensis. But Nero's attempt, and hope, to shift all suspicion of arson to others failed. His popularity even among the lower classes was irrevocably impaired.

[For a detailed and interesting discussion of Nero’s reign please see http://www.roman-emperors.org/nero.htm]

The End - Nero's Death and its Aftermath
Nero's and Tigellinus' response to the conspiracy was immediate and long-lasting. The senatorial order was decimated, as one leading member after another was put to death or compelled to commit suicide. The year 66 saw the suicides of perhaps the most distinguished victims of the "reign of terror," Caius Petronius and Thrasea Paetus. Petronius, long a favorite of Nero because of his aesthetic taste, had been an able public servant before he turned to a life of ease and indolence. He was recognized as the arbiter elegantiae of Nero's circle, and may be the author of the Satyricon. At his death, he left for Nero a document which itemized many of the latter's crimes. Thrasea, a staunch Stoic who had been for some years an outspoken opponent of Nero's policies, committed suicide in the Socratic manner. This scene is the last episode in the surviving books of Tacitus' Annals.

In the year 68, revolt began in the provinces. . . the end of Nero's reign became inevitable. Galba claimed the throne and began his march from Spain. Nero panicked and was rapidly abandoned by his supporters. He finally committed suicide with assistance, on June 9, 68, and his body was tended and buried by three women who had been close to him in his younger days, chief of whom was Acte. His death scene is marked above all by the statement, "Qualis artifex pereo," (What an artist dies in me.) Even at the end he was more concerned with his private life than with the affairs of state.

The aftermath of Nero's death was cataclysmic. Galba was the first of four emperors who revealed the new secret of empire, that an emperor could be made elsewhere than in Rome. Civil war ensued, which was only ended by the victory of the fourth claimant, Vespasian, who established the brief dynasty of the Flavians. The dynasty of the Julio-Claudians was at an end.

Nero's popularity among the lower classes remained even after his death.

. . . .

It is not excessive to say that he was one of the worst of Rome's emperors in the first two centuries and more of the empire. Whatever talents he had, whatever good he may have done, all is overwhelmed by three events, the murder of his mother, the fire at Rome, and his savage treatment of the Christians.

Precisely these qualities are the reasons that he has remained so well known and has been the subject of many writers and opera composers in modern times. These works of fiction particularly merit mention: Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis, one of the finest works of the 1907 Nobel Laureate in Literature, and John Hersey's The Conspiracy. Nero unquestionably will always be with us.

Copyright (C) 2006, Herbert W. Benario.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
VespasianPax_RICii10.jpg
710a, Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.135 viewsSilver denarius, RIC II, 10, aVF, 3.5 g, 18mm, Rome mint, 69-71 AD; Obverse: IMP CAESA[R] VESPASIANV[S AV]G - Laureate head right; Reverse: COS ITER [T]R POT - Pax seated left holding branch and caduceus. Ex Imperial Coins.


De Imperatoribus Romanis:
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Titus Flavius Vespasianus (A.D. 69-79)

John Donahue
College of William and Mary

Introduction

Titus Flavius Vespasianus (b. A.D. 9, d. A.D. 79, emperor A.D. 69-79) restored peace and stability to an empire in disarray following the death of Nero in A.D. 68. In the process he established the Flavian dynasty as the legitimate successor to the Imperial throne. Although we lack many details about the events and chronology of his reign, Vespasian provided practical leadership and a return to stable government - accomplishments which, when combined with his other achievements, make his emperorship particularly notable within the history of the Principate.

Early Life and Career

Vespasian was born at Falacrina near Sabine Reate on 17 November, A.D. 9, the son of T. Flavius Sabinus, a successful tax collector and banker, and Vespasia Polla. Both parents were of equestrian status. Few details of his first fifteen years survive, yet it appears that his father and mother were often away from home on business for long periods. As a result, Vespasian's early education became the responsibility of his paternal grandmother, Tertulla. [[1]] In about A.D. 25 Vespasian assumed the toga virilis and later accepted the wearing of the latus clavus, and with it the senatorial path that his older brother, T. Flavius Sabinus, had already chosen. [[2]] Although many of the particulars are lacking, the posts typically occupied by one intent upon a senatorial career soon followed: a military tribunate in Thrace, perhaps for three or four years; a quaestorship in Crete-Cyrene; and the offices of aedile and praetor, successively, under the emperor Gaius. [[3]]

It was during this period that Vespasian married Flavia Domitilla. Daughter of a treasury clerk and former mistress of an African knight, Flavia lacked the social standing and family connections that the politically ambitious usually sought through marriage. In any case, the couple produced three children, a daughter, also named Flavia Domitilla, and two sons, the future emperors Titus and Domitian . Flavia did not live to witness her husband's emperorship and after her death Vespasian returned to his former mistress Caenis, who had been secretary to Antonia (daughter of Marc Antony and mother of Claudius). Caenis apparently exerted considerable influence over Vespasian, prompting Suetonius to assert that she remained his wife in all but name, even after he became emperor. [[4]]

Following the assassination of Gaius on 24 January, A.D. 41, Vespasian advanced rapidly, thanks in large part to the new princeps Claudius, whose favor the Flavians had wisely secured with that of Antonia, the mother of Germanicus, and of Claudius' freedmen, especially Narcissus. [[5]] The emperor soon dispatched Vespasian to Argentoratum (Strasbourg) as legatus legionis II Augustae, apparently to prepare the legion for the invasion of Britain. Vespasian first appeared at the battle of Medway in A.D. 43, and soon thereafter led his legion across the south of England, where he engaged the enemy thirty times in battle, subdued two tribes, and conquered the Isle of Wight. According to Suetonius, these operations were conducted partly under Claudius and partly under Vespasian's commander, Aulus Plautius. Vespasian's contributions, however, did not go unnoticed; he received the ornamenta triumphalia and two priesthoods from Claudius for his exploits in Britain. [[6]]

By the end of A.D. 51 Vespasian had reached the consulship, the pinnacle of a political career at Rome. For reasons that remain obscure he withdrew from political life at this point, only to return when chosen proconsul of Africa about A.D. 63-64. His subsequent administration of the province was marked by severity and parsimony, earning him a reputation for being scrupulous but unpopular. [[7]] Upon completion of his term, Vespasian returned to Rome where, as a senior senator, he became a man of influence in the emperor Nero's court. [[8]] Important enough to be included on Nero's tour of Greece in A.D. 66-67, Vespasian soon found himself in the vicinity of increasing political turbulence in the East. The situation would prove pivotal in advancing his career.

Judaea and the Accession to Power

In response to rioting in Caesarea and Jerusalem that had led to the slaughter in the latter city of Jewish leaders and Roman soldiers, Nero granted to Vespasian in A.D. 66 a special command in the East with the objective of settling the revolt in Judaea. By spring A.D. 67, with 60,000 legionaries, auxiliaries, and allies under his control, Vespasian set out to subdue Galilee and then to cut off Jerusalem. Success was quick and decisive. By October all of Galilee had been pacified and plans for the strategic encirclement of Jerusalem were soon formed. [[9]] Meanwhile, at the other end of the empire, the revolts of Gaius Iulius Vindex, governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, and Servius Sulpicius Galba , governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, had brought Nero's reign to the brink of collapse. The emperor committed suicide in June, A.D. 68, thereby ensuring chaos for the next eighteen months, as first Galba and then Marcus Salvius Otho and Aulus Vitellius acceded to power. Each lacked broad-based military and senatorial support; each would be violently deposed in turn. [[10]]

Still occupied with plans against Jerusalem, Vespasian swore allegiance to each emperor. Shortly after Vitellius assumed power in spring, A.D. 69, however, Vespasian met on the border of Judaea and Syria with Gaius Licinius Mucianus, governor of Syria, and after a series of private and public consultations, the two decided to revolt. [[11]] On July 1, at the urging of Tiberius Alexander, prefect of Egypt, the legions of Alexandria declared for Vespasian, as did the legions of Judaea two days later. By August all of Syria and the Danube legions had done likewise. Vespasian next dispatched Mucianus to Italy with 20,000 troops, while he set out from Syria to Alexandria in order to control grain shipments for the purpose of starving Italy into submission. [[12]] The siege of Jerusalem he placed in the hands of his son Titus.

Meanwhile, the Danubian legions, unwilling to wait for Mucianus' arrival, began their march against Vitellius ' forces. The latter army, suffering from a lack of discipline and training, and unaccustomed to the heat of Rome, was defeated at Cremona in late October. [[13]] By mid-December the Flavian forces had reached Carsulae, 95 kilometers north of Rome on the Flaminian Road, where the Vitellians, with no further hope of reinforcements, soon surrendered. At Rome, unable to persuade his followers to accept terms for his abdication, Vitellius was in peril. On the morning of December 20 the Flavian army entered Rome. By that afternoon, the emperor was dead. [[14]]

Tacitus records that by December 22, A.D. 69, Vespasian had been given all the honors and privileges usually granted to emperors. Even so, the issue remains unclear, owing largely to a surviving fragment of an enabling law, the lex de imperio Vespasiani, which conferred powers, privileges, and exemptions, most with Julio-Claudian precedents, on the new emperor. Whether the fragment represents a typical granting of imperial powers that has uniquely survived in Vespasian's case, or is an attempt to limit or expand such powers, remains difficult to know. In any case, the lex sanctioned all that Vespasian had done up to its passing and gave him authority to act as he saw fit on behalf of the Roman people. [[15]]

What does seem clear is that Vespasian felt the need to legitimize his new reign with vigor. He zealously publicized the number of divine omens that predicted his accession and at every opportunity he accumulated multiple consulships and imperial salutations. He also actively promoted the principle of dynastic succession, insisting that the emperorship would fall to his son. The initiative was fulfilled when Titus succeeded his father in A.D. 79.[[16]]

Emperorship

Upon his arrival in Rome in late summer, A.D. 70, Vespasian faced the daunting task of restoring a city and a government ravaged by the recent civil wars. Although many particulars are missing, a portrait nevertheles emerges of a ruler conscientiously committed to the methodical renewal of both city and empire. Concerning Rome itself, the emperor encouraged rebuilding on vacated lots, restored the Capitol (burned in A.D. 69), and also began work on several new buildings: a temple to the deified Claudius on the Caelian Hill, a project designed to identify Vespasian as a legitimate heir to the Julio-Claudians, while distancing himself from Nero ; a temple of Peace near the Forum; and the magnificent Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheatre), located on the site of the lake of Nero 's Golden House. [[17]]

Claiming that he needed forty thousand million sesterces for these projects and for others aimed at putting the state on more secure footing, Vespasian is said to have revoked various imperial immunities, manipulated the supply of certain commodities to inflate their price, and increased provincial taxation. [[18]] The measures are consistent with his characterization in the sources as both obdurate and avaricious. There were occasional political problems as well: Helvidius Priscus, an advocate of senatorial independence and a critic of the Flavian regime from the start, was exiled after A.D. 75 and later executed; Marcellus Eprius and A. Alienus Caecina were condemned by Titus for conspiracy, the former committing suicide, the latter executed in A.D. 79.
As Suetonius claims, however, in financial matters Vespasian always put revenues to the best possible advantage, regardless of their source. Tacitus, too, offers a generally favorable assessment, citing Vespasian as the first man to improve after becoming emperor. [[19]] Thus do we find the princeps offering subventions to senators not possessing the property qualifications of their rank, restoring many cities throughout the empire, and granting state salaries for the first time to teachers of Latin and Greek rhetoric. To enhance Roman economic and social life even further, he encouraged theatrical productions by building a new stage for the Theatre of Marcellus, and he also put on lavish state dinners to assist the food trades. [[20]]

In other matters the emperor displayed similar concern. He restored the depleted ranks of the senatorial and equestrian orders with eligible Italian and provincial candidates and reduced the backlog of pending court cases at Rome. Vespasian also re-established discipline in the army, while punishing or dismissing large numbers of Vitellius ' men. [[21]]
Beyond Rome, the emperor increased the number of legions in the East and continued the process of imperial expansion by the annexation of northern England, the pacification of Wales, and by advances into Scotland and southwest Germany between the Rhine and the Danube. Vespasian also conferred rights on communities abroad, especially in Spain, where the granting of Latin rights to all native communities contributed to the rapid Romanization of that province during the Imperial period. [[22]]

Death and Assessment

In contrast to his immediate imperial predecessors, Vespasian died peacefully - at Aquae Cutiliae near his birthplace in Sabine country on 23 June, A.D. 79, after contracting a brief illness. The occasion is said to have inspired his deathbed quip: "Oh my, I must be turning into a god!" [[23]] In fact, public deification did follow his death, as did his internment in the Mausoleum of Augustus alongside the Julio-Claudians.

A man of strict military discipline and simple tastes, Vespasian proved to be a conscientious and generally tolerant administrator. More importantly, following the upheavals of A.D. 68-69, his reign was welcome for its general tranquility and restoration of peace. In Vespasian Rome found a leader who made no great breaks with tradition, yet his ability ro rebuild the empire and especially his willingness to expand the composition of the governing class helped to establish a positive working model for the "good emperors" of the second century.

Bibliography

Since the scholarship on Vespasian is more comprehensive than can be treated here, the works listed below are main accounts or bear directly upon issues discussed in the entry above. A comprehensive modern anglophone study of this emperor is yet to be produced.

Atti congresso internazionale di studi Flaviani, 2 vols. Rieti, 1983.

Atti congresso internazionale di studi Vespasianei, 2 vols. Rieti, 1981.

Bosworth, A.B. "Vespasian and the Provinces: Some Problems of the Early 70s A.D." Athenaeum 51 (1973): 49-78.

Brunt, P. A. "Lex de imperio Vespasiani." JRS (67) 1977: 95-116.

D'Espèrey, S. Franchet. "Vespasien, Titus et la littérature." ANRW II.32.5: 3048-3086.

Dudley, D. and Webster, G. The Roman Conquest of Britain. London, 1965.

Gonzalez, J. "The Lex Irnitana: A New Copy of the Flavian Municipal Law." JRS 76 (1986): 147-243.

Grant, M. The Roman Emperors: A Biographical Guide to the Rulers of Rome, 31 B.C. - A.D. 476. New York, 1985.

Homo, L. Vespasien, l'Empereur du bons sens (69-79 ap. J.-C.). Paris, 1949.

Levi, M.A. "I Flavi." ANRW II.2: 177-207.

McCrum, M. and Woodhead, A. G. Select Documents of the Principates of the Flavian Emperors Including the Year of the Revolution. Cambridge, 1966.

Nicols, John. Vespasian and the Partes Flavianae. Wiesbaden, 1978.

Scarre, C. Chronicle of the Roman Emperors. The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Rulers of Imperial Rome. London, 1995.

Suddington, D. B. The Development of the Roman Auxiliary Forces from Caesar to Vespasian, 49 B.C. - A.D. 79. Harare: U. of Zimbabwe, 1982.

Syme, R. Tacitus. Oxford, 1958.

Wardel, David. "Vespasian, Helvidius Priscus and the Restoration of the Capitol." Historia 45 (1996): 208-222.

Wellesley, K. The Long Year: A.D. 69. Bristol, 1989, 2nd ed.


Notes

[[1]] Suet. Vesp. 2.1. Suetonius remains the major source but see also Tac. Hist. 2-5; Cass. Dio 65; Joseph. BJ 3-4.

[[2]] Suetonius (Vesp. 2.1) claims that Vespasian did not accept the latus clavus, the broad striped toga worn by one aspiring to a senatorial career, immediately. The delay, however, was perhaps no more than three years. See J. Nicols, Vespasian and the Partes Flavianae (Wiesbaden, 1978), 2.

[[3]] Military tribunate and quaestorship: Suet. Vesp. 2.3; aedileship: ibid., 5.3, in which Gaius, furious that Vespasian had not kept the streets clean, as was his duty, ordered some soldiers to load him with filth;,they complied by stuffing his toga with as much as it could hold. See also Dio 59.12.2-3; praetorship: Suet. Vesp. 2.3, in which Vespasian is depicted as one of Gaius' leading adulators, an account consistent with Tacitus' portrayal (Hist 1.50.4; 2.5.1) of his early career. For a more complete discussion of these posts and attendant problems of dating, see Nicols, Vespasian, 2-7.

[[4]] Marriage and Caenis: Suet. Vesp. 3; Cass. Dio 65.14.

[[5]] Nicols, Vespasian, 12-39.

[[6]] Suet. Vesp. 4.1 For additional details on Vespasian's exploits in Britain, see D. Dudley and G. Webster, The Roman Conquest of Britain (London, 1965), 55 ff., 98.

[[7]] Concerning Vespasian's years between his consulship and proconsulship, see Suet. Vesp. 4.2 and Nicols, Vespasian, 9. On his unpopularity in Africa, see Suet. Vesp. 4.3, an account of a riot at Hadrumentum, where he was once pelted with turnips. In recording that Africa supported Vitellius in A.D. 69, Tacitus too suggests popular dissatisfaction with Vespasian's proconsulship. See Hist. 2.97.2.

[[8]] This despite the fact that the sources record two rebukes of Vespasian, one for extorting money from a young man seeking career advancement (Suet. Vesp. 4.3), the other for either leaving the room or dozing off during one of the emperor's recitals (Suet. Vesp. 4.4 and 14, which places the transgression in Greece; Tac. (Ann. 16.5.3), who makes Rome and the Quinquennial Games of A.D. 65 the setting; A. Braithwaite, C. Suetoni Tranquilli Divus Vespasianus, Oxford, 1927, 30, who argues for both Greece and Rome).

[[9]] Subjugation of Galilee: Joseph. BJ 3.65-4.106; siege of Jerusalem: ibid., 4.366-376, 414.

[[10]] Revolt of Vindex: Suet. Nero 40; Tac. Ann. 14.4; revolt of Galba: Suet. Galba 10; Plut. Galba, 4-5; suicide of Nero: Suet. Nero 49; Cass. Dio 63.29.2. For the most complete account of the period between Nero's death and the accession of Vespasian, see K. Wellesley, The Long Year: A.D. 69, 2nd. ed. (Bristol, 1989).

[[11]] Tac. Hist. 2.76.

[[12]] Troops in support of Vespasian: Suet. Vit. 15; Mucianus and his forces: Tac. Hist. 2.83; Vespasian and grain shipments: Joseph. BJ 4.605 ff.; see also Tac. Hist. 3.48, on Vespasian's possible plan to shut off grain shipments to Italy from Carthage as well.

[[13]] On Vitellius' army and its lack of discipline, see Tac. Hist. 2.93-94; illness of army: ibid., 2.99.1; Cremona: ibid., 3.32-33.

[[14]] On Vitellius' last days, see Tac. Hist. 3.68-81. On the complicated issue of Vitellius' death date, see L. Holzapfel, "Römische Kaiserdaten," Klio 13 (1913): 301.

[[15]] Honors, etc. Tac. Hist. 4.3. For more on the lex de imperio Vespasiani, see P. A. Brunt, "Lex de imperio Vespasiani," JRS (67) 1977: 95-116.

[[16]] Omens: Suet. Vesp. 5; consulships and honors: ibid., 8; succession of sons: ibid., 25.

[[17]] On Vespasian's restoration of Rome, see Suet. Vesp. 9; Cass. Dio 65.10; D. Wardel, "Vespasian, Helvidius Priscus and the Restoration of the Capitol," Historia 45 (1996): 208-222.

[[18]] Suet. Vesp. 16.

[[19]] Ibid.; Tac. Hist. 1.50.

[[20]] Suet. Vesp. 17-19.

[[21]] Ibid., 8-10.

[[22]] On Vespasian's exploits in Britain, see esp. Tac., Agricola, eds. R. M. Ogilvie and I. A. Richmond (1967), and W. S. Hanson, Agricola and the Conquest of the North (1987); on the granting of Latin rights in Spain, see, e.g., J. Gonzalez, "The Lex Irnitana: a New Copy of the Flavian Municipal Law." JRS 76 (1986): 147-243.

[[23]] For this witticism and other anecdotes concerning Vespasian's sense of humor, see Suet. Vesp. 23.

Copyright (C) 1998, John Donahue. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis, an Online Encyplopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families.
http://www.roman-emperors.org/vespasia.htm
Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.





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A. Postumius Albinus. Denarius43 viewsRRC 372/2
81 BC

Obverse: HISPAN, Veiled head of Hispania r
Reverse: ·S·N – ALBIN Togate figure standing l., raising hand; to l., legionary eagle and to r., fasces with axe.

Issued when Rome had won the supremacy in Italy but was still fighting the last of the Marians in Spain.

....and so the magistrate has been iddentified as the praetor Lucius Postumius Albinus who had gone to further Spain in 180 and had his term prorogued into 179. He fought two major battles with the Vaccaei, killing a reported 35,000. (....) If the magistrate on the coin is the victorious praetor, his century old triumph over the Lusitanians was especially relevant in 81, for ir was among the Lusitanians where Sertorius found the greatest support. (Harlan)

The moneyer is assumed to be a grandson of the consul of 110 and a son of the moneyer of 96 (Crawford)
--
Ex Numismatica Ars Classica, Auction 78; Lot 635, 26 - 27 May 2014
3 commentsNorbert
Edw_I_Bristol_img.jpg
A.D. 1272-1307 - Edward I - Class 3c-d Penny (Bristol)31 viewsObv:- EDW R ANGL DNS HYB, Crowned facing bust with drapery
Rev:- VILLA BRISTOLLIE, Long cross pattee with three pellets in each angle
Class 3c-d
Minted in Bristol A.D. 1280-1281
Reference:- North 1018/9
maridvnvm
corinthMarcusBellerophon2.jpg
Achaea. Corinthia, Corinth. Marcus Aurelius Æ 26mm. Bellerophon.83 views Obv: Laureate head right.
Rev: CLI COR Bellerophon riding Pegasos flying right, attacking a chimaera, facing right.
BCD 706; SNG Copenhagen -.

Bellerophon in Greek mythology was "the greatest hero and slayer of monsters, alongside Cadmus and Perseus, before the days of Heracles", whose greatest feat was killing the Chimera, a monster that Homer depicted with a lion's head, a goat's body, and a serpent's tail: "her breath came out in terrible blasts of burning flame.
The replacement of Bellerophon by the more familiar culture hero Perseus was a development of Classical times that was standardized during the Middle Ages and has been adopted by the European poets of the Renaissance and later.
ancientone
VA15731LG.jpg
ACHAEA. Patrae. Septimius Severus25 viewsACHAEA. Patrae. Septimius Severus. 193-211 AD. Æ Diassarion (25mm - 7.98 g). Laureate and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Ares advancing right, holding spear and trophy over shoulder. BCD Peloponnesos 570.2 (same dies - recorded as unpublished). Fine, dark brown patina, rough surfaces. Very Rare.

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 81 (20 May 2009), lot 2799; BCD Collection (not in previous LHS Sale).
ecoli
Achaia,_Dyme,_AE_Dichalkon.jpg
Achaia, Dyme, ca. 300-250 BC, Æ Dichalkon11 viewsVeiled head of Demeter right.
ΔY within wreath with ties to left.

HGC 5, 37 (R1); BCD Peloponnesos 476; BMC 2; Traite 834, MG 29; SNG Copenhagen (Phliasia) 145.

(16 mm, 2.18 g, 8h).
Classical Numismatic Group, February 2009; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); found in Thessaly according to BCD collection tag.

Minor softness on reverse.
Very rare, less than a dozen specimens known.
n.igma
Argolis,_Argos,_Hemidrachm_.jpg
Achaian League, Argos, ca. 195-188 BC, AR Hemidrachm 19 views Laureate head of Zeus left.
Wreath surrounding AX monogram; TK monogram above and wolf’s head below.

HGC 5, 714 (this coin) (R1); BCD Peloponnesos 1130 (this coin); Agrinion 302 (b) (same dies); Clerk 141.

(15 mm, 2.43 g, 6h).
Kirk Davis Classical Numismatics Catalogue 50, Fall 2006, 46; ex-BCD Collection: LHS Numismatics 96, 8 May 2006, 1130; ex-Coin Galleries Winter FPL 1981/82, 52.
1 commentsn.igma
Achaia,_Achaian_League,_Elis,_AR_Hemidrachm_.jpg
Achaian League, Elis, ca. 50 BC, AR Hemidrachm 11 viewsLaureate head of Zeus right, KA monogram in outer right field.
Wreath surrounding AX monogram in centre; FA monogram to left, Ω above ELIΣ monogram (Elis) in upper field and XE monogram to right, thunderbolt below.

BCD Peloponnesos 685 (this coin); HGC 5, 540 (R2); Clerk 261; SNG Copenhagen 306.

(15 mm, 2.39 g, 6h).
Classical Numismatic Group e-Auction 160, 14 March 2007, 44; ex- BCD collection: LHS Auction 96, 8-9 May 2006, 685; ex- Danish National Museum, Copenhagen (c.f. SNG Cop 306 deaccessioned duplicate).
n.igma
sear_1900.jpg
AE follis Alexios I SB 190027 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing cross behind head, wearing pallium and colobium, raises r. hand in benediction
Reverse: Cross with globule and two pellets at each extremity, beneath , large crescent around, four globules each surrounded by pellets.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: Pre reform First Crusade, 1081-1092 CE
Sear 1900 H. 2.18-19 Class J anonymous folles
26mm 6.12gm
wileyc
sb1900_25mm7g.jpg
AE follis Alexios I SB 190013 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing cross behind head, wearing pallium and colobium, raises r. hand in benediction
Reverse: Cross with globule and two pellets at each extremity, beneath , large crescent around, four globules each surrounded by pellets.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: Pre reform First Crusade, 1081-1092 CE
Sear 1900 H. 2.18-19 Class J anonymous folles
25mm 6.99gm
wileyc
sear_1901.jpg
AE follis Alexios I SB 190114 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing wearing nimbus cr. pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, in l. hand book of Gospels to l., IC to r. XC, Border of large pellets
Reverse: Three quarter length of the Virgin orans facing nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium on either side of nimbus M-(theta) or MP-Theta V.,border of lg pellets
Mint: Constantinople
Date: pre reform 1081-1092 CE
Sear 1901 H pl.20-21 Class K Anonymous folles
21mm 4.07
wileyc
sb217.jpg
AE Follis Justinian SB 21728 viewsObv: DN IVSTINIANVS PP AVG Diad., dr. and cuir. bust r.
Reverse: Large M star to rt and left, cross above, below in greek theta, upsilon, Pi, Omicron, Lambda and S
Date: 537-539 CE
Mint: Antioch
Sear 21, class IV, DO 212
wileyc
sear_1989.jpg
AE follis Nicephorus III21 viewsObverse: Nimbate half-length bust of Christ facing, holding Gospels; barred IC-XC across field
Reverse:Latin cross; small saltire cross at center, pellet and two globules at each end; above, crescent to left and right below, floral ornament to left and right.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1078-1081
Sear 1989 Anonymous folles Class I
22mm 3.00 gm
wileyc
maxsest.jpg
AE Sestertius of Maximinus I (Thrax) 138-135 AD20 viewsOBV: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed; IMP MAXIMINUS PIVS AVG
REV: Victory advancing right bearing wreath and palm, VICTORIA AVG S-C

RIC 67, Cohen 100. A Classic Roman profile
wt 18.9 gms
daverino
Aegina,_AR_Stater_.jpg
Aegina, 510-490 BC, AR Stater 14 viewsSea turtle with smooth shell.
Skew pattern consisting of five sunken compartments.

HGC 6, 435; Dewing 1660; SNG Delepierre 1625; Sear 1851.

(18 mm, 12.08 g).
Classical Numismatic Group.
n.igma
Aegina_AR_Stater_-_tortoise.jpg
Aegina, ca. 445-431 BC, AR Stater 27 viewsLand tortoise with segmented shell.
Large incuse square with heavy skew pattern in five compartments.

Millbank plate 2, 12; SNG Copenhagen 516; Sear 2600.

(20 mm, 12.16 g).
Classical Numismatic Group.
1 commentsn.igma
DSC01986.JPG
AFGHANISTAN - HORSE MAN & BULL - SAMANT DEWA -HINDU SHAHI - SILVER COIN - 3.21gm15 viewsSilver drachm (jital), ca.870-950 AD, late Kabul Shahi (Tye #21)
Horseman right, holding banner; Nagari Bhi in the upper left, Adl (?) in Arabic in the upper right / śri samanta deva in Nagari, recumbent zebu bull to left with symbol on rump; to left, star above pellet above crescent. Uncertain mint in (Kabul or Ohind?). 20mm, 3.21 grams. Tye #21. SKU 42565

Samanta Deva just meant "The Feudatory Chield" - it was the title assumed by the Kabul Shahi and their Islamic successors, and was probably not a personal name. Hundreds of types of jitals inscribed "Samanta Deva" (in imitation of this type) were struck by numerous dynasties in the later period. The Kabul Shahi dynasties also called Shahiya ruled the Kabul Valley (in eastern Afghanistan) and the old province of Gandhara (northern Pakistan) during the Classical Period of India, from the decline of the Kushan Empire in the 3rd century to the early 9th century. They are split into two eras the Buddhist-Shahis and the later Hindu-Shahis with the change-over occurring around 870. These coins are of full size and weight, but were probably not minted by Samanta Deva but can be considered anonymous issues of his successors
Antonivs Protti
7015LG.jpg
AKARNANIA, Ambracia144 views360-338 BC. 20mm. Helmeted head of Athena left, name of magistrate above / Pegasus flying left, A below. SG 1962v., VF. Very pleasing late classical style. Ex-Sayles V113ecoli73
Akarnanian_Confederacy_AE_.jpg
Akarnania, Federal Coinage (Akarnanian Confederacy), Leukas, 3rd Century BC, Æ 23 34 viewsHead of Herakles right.
Head of man-faced bull, the river-god Acheloos right, trident above, letter A behind.

BCD Akarnania 35 (this coin); SNG Copenhagen 422; BMC 169, 16; Sear 2313. Leukas mint.

(23 mm, 7.14 g, 8h).
Classical Numismatic Group, January 2008; ex-BCD Collection: Munz & Medaillen Deutschland GmbH Auction 23, 18 October 2007, 5.
1 commentsn.igma
alexpen.jpg
Alexander III (1249 - 1286 A.D.)35 viewsAR Penny
Scotland, Second Coinage Class MB2
O: ม ΛLЄXΛ(ND)ЄR DЄI GRΛ, crowned head left
R:  + RЄX SCO TOR VM, long cross pattée, with 24 points on mullets in quarters.
Berwick Mint
.99g
23mm
Burns 45 (fig. 179); Stewart & North 14; SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian) 231; SCBC 5054
2 commentsMat
alexamphipolis.jpg
Alexander the Great AR Tetradrachm 325-320 BC24 viewsOBVERSE: Head of Herakles clad in the skin of the Nemean lion
REVERSE: Zeus Aeotophoros enthroned left, ALEXANDROY in right field, Cornucopia in left field.

This classic type was probably minted at Amphipolis in Macedon at or near the end of Alexander's brief reign (333-323BC). The lion was the symbol of Persia and the obverse likely represents his conquest of that Empire. The Figure of Zeus enthroned is almost the same as that of Baal on the silver shekels of the Persian satraps. The significance of the conquest of the East by Greeks was not lost on Alexander or his contemporaries
Price 104 (ref.Wildwinds) Weight 17.1 gm
1 commentsdaverino
Alexander_the_Great.png
Alexander the Great ( or Alexander III ) Tetradrachm Lifetime Issue. 138 viewsAncient Greek / Alexander the Great (336 - 323) BC Tetradrachm

Obverse : head of Alexander the Great as Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress knotted at base of neck.

Reverse :Zeus seated left, holding eagle in right hand and scepter in left, sickle and M before, AΛEΞAN∆POY ( means Alexander in Ancient Greek ) behind . ΦIΛH monogram under throne over BAΣIΛEΩΣ ( means King in Ancient Greek ) .

Babylon mint, struck 325 to 323 BC , lifetime issue, 17.01 gr . Very rare . Choice gVF.


**A Lifetime Issue , according to FORVM Classical Numismatics Discussion Board .

References : Müller 703, Price 3624*.

The Sam Mansourati Collection.


Sam
Alexander_the_Great__Tetradrachm_Lifetime_Issue_.png
Alexander the Great (336 - 323) BC ( or Alexander III ) Tetradrachm Lifetime Issue.47 viewsObverse : head of Alexander the Great as Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress knotted at base of neck.

Reverse :Zeus seated left, holding eagle in right hand and scepter in left, sickle and M before, AΛEΞAN∆POY ( means Alexander in Ancient Greek ) behind . ΦIΛH monogram under throne over BAΣIΛEΩΣ ( means King in Ancient Greek ) .

Babylon mint, struck 325 to 323 BC , lifetime issue, 17.01 gr . Very rare . Choice gVF.


**A Lifetime Issue , according to FORVM Classical Numismatics Discussion Board .

References : Müller 703, Price 3624*.

EX The Sam Mansourati Collection.

Jovan Lee Delavega Ancient Coins Collection.
Jovan D
20181212_4340018.jpg
Alexander the great lifetime issue18 viewsKINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (21mm, 17.22 g, 12h). Tarsos mint, “officina B”. Struck under Balakros or Menes, circa 333-327 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; B below throne. Price 3000; Newell, Tarsos, Series I, Second Group, 4 (unlisted obv. die). VF, lightly toned, compact flan, slightly off center on obverse.

Ex Classical Numismatic Group XXXIII (15 March 1995), lot 148 (part of).
Ex CNG auction 434 lot 18
arash p
Alexander_Tet_Byblos.jpg
Alexander, Tet, Byblos87 viewsByblos, 330-320
obv: head of Herakles wearing lion skin right
rev: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ; Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter
Price 431, 3426. SNG Oxford 3009
Numismatica Ars Classica AG, Zürich M (2002), 2253.
Hess-Divo AG 317/147
Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG 226/325
3 commentsareich
#2.jpg
ALEXIUS I AE Tetarteron S-1929 DOC38191 viewsBust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cr., pallim and colobium and raising right hand in benediction in l. book of gospels. IC to XC Pellet in each hand of cross. Rev. Bust facing wearing crown and jewelled chalmys and holding cruciform sceptre and gl. cr. Very fine overstuck on a K class follis. Thessalonica DOC38.9 Very thin flan.

Wroth in BMC mentions most Alexius tetartera in the collection as being overstruck on top of earlier issues, this is one of the few that I have seen that was overstruck, I beleive these coins were made when a shortage of the new denomination occured.
Simon
335.jpg
ALFOLDI 001.010 32 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: ABVNDANTIA AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIS
WEIGHT 3.22g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 618
ALFOLDI 001.010
COLLECTION NO. 380
Barnaba6
42~3.jpg
ALFOLDI 023.07610 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: CONCORDIA MILIT
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIT
WEIGHT 3.96g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 666
ALFOLDI 023.76
COLLECTION NO. 326
Barnaba6
389.jpg
ALFOLDI 026.11013 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: CONCORD MILIT
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: T//XXI
WEIGHT 4.27g / AXIS: 6h
RIC 650
ALFOLDI 026.110
COLLECTION NO. 253
Barnaba6
390.jpg
ALFOLDI 026.176 11 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS INV AVG
REVERSE: CONCORD MILIT
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: Γ//XXI
WEIGHT 3.56g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 657
ALFOLDI 026.176
COLLECTION NO. 249
Barnaba6
391.jpg
ALFOLDI 026.177 18 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS INV AVG
REVERSE: CONCORD MILIT
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: Δ//XXI
WEIGHT 3.14g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 657
ALFOLDI 026.177
COLLECTION NO. 182
Barnaba6
396.jpg
ALFOLDI 027.008 12 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: CONSERVAT AVG
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.32g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22,5mm
RIC 671
ALFOLDI 027.008
COLLECTION NO. 213
Barnaba6
392.jpg
ALFOLDI 027.01715 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: CONSERVAT AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.49g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 22-23mm
RIC 671
ALFOLDI 027.017
COLLECTION NO. 187
Barnaba6
393.jpg
ALFOLDI 027.01916 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: CONSERVAT AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIVI
WEIGHT 3.95g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 671
ALFOLDI 027.019
COLLECTION NO. 281
Barnaba6
395.jpg
ALFOLDI 027.06518 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: CONSERVAT AVG
BUST TYPE: F5 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIT
WEIGHT 3.58g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 670
ALFOLDI 027.065
COLLECTION NO. 108
Barnaba6
394po.jpg
ALFOLDI 027.6027 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: CONSERVAT AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.97g / AXIS: 1h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 670
ALFOLDI 027.60
COLLECTION NO. 174
EX S.L. COLLECTION
NOTE: VERY UNUSUAL STYLE OF EMPEROR'S PORTRAIT
Barnaba6
398po.jpg
ALFOLDI 028.00524 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: FELICITAS AVG
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/E//XXI
WEIGHT 3.84g / AXIS: 5h / WIDTH 12mm
RIC 675
ALFOLDI 028.005
COLLECTION NO. 165
Barnaba6
399.jpg
ALFOLDI 030.006 11 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: FELICITAS AVG
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/Γ//XXI
WEIGHT 3.95g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 682
ALFOLDI 030.006
COLLECTION NO. 487
Barnaba6
400.jpg
ALFOLDI 030.00818 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: FELICITAS AVG
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/E//XXI
WEIGHT 3.61g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 682
ALFOLDI 030.008
COLLECTION NO. 90
Barnaba6
402.jpg
ALFOLDI 031.002 14 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: FELICITAS AVG
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/A//XXI
WEIGHT 3.21g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22-23mm
RIC 676
ALFOLDI 031.002
COLLECTION NO. 394
Barnaba6
55~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 031.00910 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS INV AVG
REVERSE: FELICITAS AVG
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/B//XXI
WEIGHT 3.97g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 679
ALFOLDI 031.009
COLLECTION NO. 157
Barnaba6
39~1.jpg
ALFOLDI 032.00226 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS INV AVG
REVERSE: FELICITAS AVG N
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/Δ//XXI
WEIGHT 3.91g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 686
ALFOLDI 032.002
COLLECTION NO. 893
VERY RARE
Barnaba6
382~0.JPG
ALFOLDI 033.008 FELICITAS SAECVLI5 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: FELICITAS SAECVLI
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/B//XXI
WEIGHT 3.37g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 688 VAR. (UNLISTED WITH IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG LEGEND AND OFFICINA B)
ALFOLDI 033.008
COLLECTION NO. 382
NOTE: APPARENTLY ONLY THE SECOND KNOWN SPECIMEN IN THE WORLD!
Barnaba6
405~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 034.00217 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: FIDES MILITVM
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIP
WEIGHT 4.26g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 692
ALFOLDI 034.002
COLLECTION NO. 515
Barnaba6
61~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 039.002 ORIENS AVG 19 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: ORIENS AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/T//XXI
WEIGHT 3.43g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 700
ALFOLDI 039.002 var. (UNLISTED WITH WIDE WREATH TIES)
COLLECTION NO. 401
NOTE: EXTREMELY RARE AND SOUGHT-AFTER REVERSE TYPE FOR SISCIA !!!
Barnaba6
62~6.jpg
ALFOLDI 040.00119 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: ORIGINI AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIT
WEIGHT 2.83g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 19-22mm
RIC 703
ALFOLDI 040.001
COLLECTION NO. 417
EX U.N. COLLECTION
Barnaba6
63~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 040.002 B1 BUST 13 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: ORIGINI AVG
BUST TYPE: B1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIT
WEIGHT 3.96g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 703 VAR. (BUST B1 UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 040.002
COLLECTION NO. 225
NOTE: extremely rare coin; by far the rarest among the 4 existing types with the ORIGINI AVG reverse
Barnaba6
64~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 040.003 14 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: ORIGINI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIT
WEIGHT 3.75g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 701
ALFOLDI 040.003
COLLECTION NO. 372
Barnaba6
65~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 040.004 14 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: ORIGINI AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIT
WEIGHT 3.26g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 701
ALFOLDI 040.004
COLLECTION NO. 149
Barnaba6
66~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 041.007 33 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 4.27g / AXIS: 7h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 707
ALFOLDI 041.007
COLLECTION NO. 41
1 commentsBarnaba6
67~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 041.019 10 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/T//XXI
WEIGHT 3.17g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-20,5mm
RIC 706
ALFOLDI 041.019
COLLECTION NO. 456
Barnaba6
418po.jpg
ALFOLDI 041.02611 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 4.50g / AXIS: 5h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 706
ALFOLDI 041.026
COLLECTION NO. 50
Barnaba6
71~6.jpg
ALFOLDI 041.07412 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVG
BUST TYPE: E2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/Q//XXI
WEIGHT 3.77g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 709 VAR. (E2 BUST UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 041.074
COLLECTION NO. 466
Barnaba6
500.jpg
ALFOLDI 041.08015 views21 views
OBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/V//XXI
WEIGHT 3.34g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 704
ALFOLDI 041.080
COLLECTION NO. 500
Barnaba6
413.jpg
ALFOLDI 041.081 14 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/VI//XXI
WEIGHT 3.42g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 704
ALFOLDI 041.081
COLLECTION NO. 572
Barnaba6
419.jpg
ALFOLDI 041.092 15 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVG
BUST TYPE: F5 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIV
WEIGHT 4.40g / AXIS: 1h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 704
ALFOLDI 041.092
COLLECTION NO. 107
Barnaba6
728.jpg
ALFOLDI 041.10513 views OBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/P//XXI
WEIGHT 3.31g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20mm
RIC 704
ALFOLDI 041.105
COLLECTION NO. 714
Barnaba6
73~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 041.10712 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/T//XXI
WEIGHT 3.65g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 704
ALFOLDI 041.107
COLLECTION NO.332
Barnaba6
412.jpg
ALFOLDI 041.10914 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/V//XXI
WEIGHT 3.94g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20mm
RIC 704
ALFOLDI 041.109
COLLECTION NO. 455
Barnaba6
74~5.jpg
ALFOLDI 041.11812 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVG
BUST TYPE: E2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/P//XXI
WEIGHT 3.87g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20mm
RIC 704
ALFOLDI 041.118
COLLECTION NO. 438
Barnaba6
397~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 041.127 11 viewsOBVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVG
BUST TYPE: F8 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIV
WEIGHT 4.02g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 708 VAR. (F8 BUST UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 041.127
COLLECTION NO. 397
VERY RARE COIN
Barnaba6
427.jpg
ALFOLDI 042 /- (UNLISTED) 38 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVGVSTI
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/P//XXI
WEIGHT 3.37g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 714 VAR. (UNLISTED WITH E1 BUST)
ALFOLDI 042 /- (OFFICINA P FOR E1 BUST UNLISTED)
COLLECTION NO. 675
NOTE: EXTREMELY RARE COIN UNLISTED IN ALFOLDI !!!
1 commentsBarnaba6
408~0.JPG
ALFOLDI 042.0044 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVGVSTI
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/T//XXI
WEIGHT 3.83g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 713
ALFOLDI 042.004
COLLECTION NO. 408
EX S.L. COLLECTION
Barnaba6
436.jpg
ALFOLDI 042.00514 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVGVSTI
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/Q//XXI
WEIGHT 3.29g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 713
ALFOLDI 042.005
COLLECTION NO. 106
Barnaba6
204.JPG
ALFOLDI 042.0063 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVGVSTI
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/V//XXI
WEIGHT 3.85g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 713
ALFOLDI 042.006
COLLECTION NO. 204
Barnaba6
499po.jpg
ALFOLDI 042.009 18 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVGVSTI
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIV
WEIGHT 3.86g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 713
ALFOLDI 042.009
COLLECTION NO. 499
Barnaba6
431.jpg
ALFOLDI 042.02629 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVGVSTI
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/T//XXI
WEIGHT 3.96g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21,5mm
RIC 713
ALFOLDI 042.026
COLLECTION NO. 450
1 commentsBarnaba6
430.jpg
ALFOLDI 042.0369 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVGVSTI
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/P//XXI
WEIGHT 4.39g / AXIS: 7h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 713
ALFOLDI 042.036
COLLECTION NO. 130
DIVERGENT WREATH TIES
Barnaba6
434.jpg
ALFOLDI 042.043 B1 BUST16 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVGVSTI
BUST TYPE: B1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/V//XXI
WEIGHT 4.17g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 713 VAR. (B1 BUST UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 042.043
COLLECTION NO. 335
SCARCE BUST TYPE
Barnaba6
432.jpg
ALFOLDI 042.060 19 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVGVSTI
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/T//XXI
WEIGHT 3.77g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 713
ALFOLDI 042.060
COLLECTION NO. 481
Barnaba6
313po.jpg
ALFOLDI 042.063 20 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVGVSTI
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/VI//XXI
WEIGHT 4.20g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 713
ALFOLDI 042.063
COLLECTION NO. 313
Barnaba6
429.jpg
ALFOLDI 042.144 14 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVGVSTI
BUST TYPE: F5 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/V//XXI
WEIGHT 2.70g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 711
ALFOLDI 042.144
COLLECTION NO. 538
Barnaba6
426.jpg
ALFOLDI 042/- (UNLISTED)22 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: PAX AVGVSTI
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIVI
WEIGHT 2.88g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 715 VAR. (MINTMARK XXIVI UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 042/- (UNLISTED)
COLLECTION NO. 273
Barnaba6
60~2.jpg
ALFOLDI 043.002 15 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: P M TRI P COS II P P
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIS
WEIGHT 3.79g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 612
ALFOLDI 043.002
COLLECTION NO. 613
NOTE: extremely rare and desirable variety with the lion walking right and head of ox in front of the lion. This is by far the rarest of the 6 known variants of the reverse type with lion for Siscia.

Same reverse die as my coins no. 1022 and 1236
Barnaba6
441~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 044.029 23 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: P M TRI P COS II P P
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIP
WEIGHT 3.13g / AXIS: 5h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 611
ALFOLDI 044.029
COLLECTION NO. 30
Barnaba6
439.jpg
ALFOLDI 045.00417 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: P M TRI P COS II P P
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIS
WEIGHT 3.18g / AXIS: 4h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 612
ALFOLDI 045.004
COLLECTION NO. 89
Barnaba6
80~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 047.00314 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: P M TRI P COS III P P
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.94g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 616
ALFOLDI 047.003
COLLECTION NO. 644
Barnaba6
442.jpg
ALFOLDI 047.008 38 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: P M TRI P COS III P P
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIT
WEIGHT 3.82g / AXIS: 11h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 615
ALFOLDI 047.008
COLLECTION NO. 34
1 commentsBarnaba6
446.jpg
ALFOLDI 049.010 14 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: P M TR P COS P P
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIS
WEIGHT 3.20g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 22-23mm
RIC 609
ALFOLDI 049.010
COLLECTION NO. 191
VERY RARE
Barnaba6
445.jpg
ALFOLDI 049.013 RR28 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: P M TR P COS P P
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIVI
WEIGHT 3.62g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 23-24mm
RIC 609
ALFOLDI 049.013
COLLECTION NO. 656
VERY RARE
Barnaba6
444.jpg
ALFOLDI 049/- (UNLISTED) 21 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: P M TR P COS P P
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.09g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 606
ALFOLDI 049/- (UNLISTED)
COLLECTION NO. 275
VERY RARE
Barnaba6
84~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 051.002 28 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: PROVIDE AVG
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/ζ//XXI
WEIGHT 3.69g / AXIS: 11h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 716
ALFOLDI 051.002
COLLECTION NO. 40
1 commentsBarnaba6
85~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 051.004 12 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS INV AVG
REVERSE: PROVIDE AVG
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/ζ//XXI
WEIGHT 3.76g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 717
ALFOLDI 051.004
COLLECTION NO. 449
Barnaba6
86~1.jpg
ALFOLDI 051.005 11 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS INV AVG
REVERSE: PROVIDE AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/ζ//XXI
WEIGHT 3.23g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 717
ALFOLDI 051.005
COLLECTION NO. 86
Barnaba6
451po.jpg
ALFOLDI 053.01014 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PROVIDENT AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/T//XXI
WEIGHT 3.94g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 720
ALFOLDI 053.010
COLLECTION NO. 582
Barnaba6
452.jpg
ALFOLDI 053.01516 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PROVIDENT AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIS
WEIGHT 3.15g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 720
ALFOLDI 053.015
COLLECTION NO. 475
Barnaba6
454.jpg
ALFOLDI 053.01815 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PROVIDENT AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIV
WEIGHT 4.01g / AXIS:6h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 710
ALFOLDI 053.018
COLLECTION NO. 434
Barnaba6
455.jpg
ALFOLDI 053.019 25 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PROVIDENT AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIVI
WEIGHT 3.69g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 20-23mm
RIC 720
ALFOLDI 053.019
COLLECTION NO. 49
Barnaba6
456.jpg
ALFOLDI 053.025 F9 BUST 25 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PROVIDENT AVG
BUST TYPE: F9 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/V//XXI
WEIGHT 4.35g / AXIS:5h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 720 VAR. (BUST F9 UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 053.025
COLLECTION NO. 105
NOTE: VERY RARE BUST TYPE, ESPECIALLY FOR SISCIA!
Barnaba6
450.jpg
ALFOLDI 053.04719 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: PROVIDENT AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/T//XXI
WEIGHT 4.21g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 723 VAR. (MINTMARK -T// UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 053.047
COLLECTION NO. 537
Barnaba6
457.jpg
ALFOLDI 053.06517 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PROVIDENT AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIV
WEIGHT 3.84g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 718
ALFOLDI 053.065
COLLECTION NO. 58
Barnaba6
87~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 053/- (UNLISTED) F13 BUST UNICUM34 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: PROVIDENT AVG
BUST: RADIATE, CUIRASSED AND DRAPED BUST SEEN FROM FRONT WITH SPEAR IN RIGHT HAND AND SHIELD SEEN FROM INNER SIDE (F13 IN BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIS
WEIGHT 3.49g / AXIS: 5h / WIDTH 21,5-22mm
RIC 718 VAR. (F13 BUST UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 053/- (UNLISTED WITH F13 BUST)
COLLECTION NO. 223
UNICUM
EX HELIOS 2 LOT 421 / EX JACQUIER 39 LOT 623 / EX CGB LIVE AUCTION DECEMBER 2015
Barnaba6
206.jpg
ALFOLDI 054.002 PROVIDENTIA AVG N 14 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS INV AVG
REVERSE: PROVIDENTIA AVG N
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXI
WEIGHT 3.89g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 727
ALFOLDI 054.002
COLLECTION NO. 206
ex S.Luethi Collection
Barnaba6
462~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 057.01311 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: RESTITVT ORBIS
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: *//XXI•Z•
WEIGHT 3.41g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 734 VAR. (MINTMARK)
ALFOLDI 057.013
COLLECTION NO. 345
Barnaba6
463~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 057.036 10 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: RESTITVT ORBIS
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: *//XXIV
WEIGHT 4.23g / AXIS: 7h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 733
ALFOLDI 057.036
COLLECTION NO. 85
Barnaba6
66.jpg
ALFOLDI 057.07211 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: RESTITVT ORBIS
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: T//XXI
WEIGHT 3.08g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 731
ALFOLDI 057.072
COLLECTION NO. 669
Barnaba6
627~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 057.078 9 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: RESTITVT ORBIS
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: *//XXIP
WEIGHT 3.63g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 731
ALFOLDI 057.078
COLLECTION NO. 627
Barnaba6
465.jpg
ALFOLDI 057.08317 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: RESTITVT ORBIS
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: *//XXIB
WEIGHT 3.62g / AXIS: 7h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 731
ALFOLDI 057.083
COLLECTION NO. 610
Barnaba6
464.jpg
ALFOLDI 057.08817 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: RESTITVT ORBIS
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: P//XXI
WEIGHT 3.82g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 731 VAR. (MINTMARK)
ALFOLDI 057.088
COLLECTION NO. 128
Barnaba6
630~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 057.0948 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: RESTITVT ORBIS
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXI•P•
WEIGHT 3.80g / AXIS:12h / WIDTH 21-24mm
RIC 731 VAR. (MINTMARK WITHOUT STAR IN FIELD UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 057.094
COLLECTION NO. 630
Barnaba6
91~2.jpg
ALFOLDI 058.001 ROMAE AETERNAE WITH ROMA OUTSIDE TEMPLE 34 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS INV AVG
REVERSE: ROMAE AETERNAE
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXI
WEIGHT 3.69g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 742
ALFOLDI 058.001
COLLECTION NO. 358
NOTE: EXTREMELY RARE AND SOUGHT-AFTER REVERSE TYPE!
Barnaba6
421~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 060.004 13 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: ROMAE AETERNAE
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 4.54g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 737
ALFOLDI 060.004
COLLECTION NO. 421
Barnaba6
67~2.jpg
ALFOLDI 060.009 11 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: ROMAE AETERNAE
BUST TYPE: F1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.60g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 739
ALFOLDI 060.009
COLLECTION NO. 642
NOTE: VERY NICE COIN IN HAND BUT UNFORTUNATELY IT'S IMPOSSIBLE TO MAKE A NICE PICTURE OF IT DUE TO THE UNEVEN PATINA
Barnaba6
2~5.jpg
ALFOLDI 060.014 F5 BUST 15 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: ROMAE AETERNAE
BUST TYPE: F5 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIT
WEIGHT 3.70g / AXIS:12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 739 VAR. (F5 BUST UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 060.014
COLLECTION NO. 465
NOTE: GORGONEION ON CUIRASS
VERY RARE
Barnaba6
3~5.jpg
ALFOLDI 061.001 15 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: ROMAE AETERNAE
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIP
WEIGHT 3.46g / AXIS: 11h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 737
ALFOLDI 061.001
COLLECTION NO. 18
Barnaba6
471.jpg
ALFOLDI 061.032 24 viewsOBVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
REVERSE: ROMAE AETERNAE
BUST TYPE: F8 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIVI
WEIGHT 3.95g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 738 VAR. (F8 BUST AND OFFICINA VI UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 061.032
COLLECTION NO. 454
Barnaba6
474po.jpg
ALFOLDI 063.00513 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SALVS AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIT
WEIGHT 3.60g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 753
ALFOLDI 063.005
COLLECTION NO. 282
Barnaba6
4~5.jpg
ALFOLDI 064.002 15 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SALVS AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIVI
WEIGHT 2.98g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 753
ALFOLDI 064.002
COLLECTION NO. 469
Barnaba6
473.jpg
ALFOLDI 065 / - (UNLISTED)48 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SALVS AVG
BUST TYPE: E2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/V/-//XXI
WEIGHT 4.38g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 748 VAR. (E2 BUST UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 065 / - (UNLISTED)
COLLECTION NO. 389
VERY RARE
1 commentsBarnaba6
476.jpg
ALFOLDI 065.013 H4 BUST20 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SALVS AVG
BUST TYPE: H4 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/S//XXI
WEIGHT 4.03g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 748 VAR. (H4 BUST UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 065.013
COLLECTION NO. 407
EX S.L. COLLECTION
VERY RARE BUST, ESPECIALLY FOR SISCIA !
Barnaba6
68~1.jpg
ALFOLDI 065.014 H4 BUST13 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SALVS AVG
BUST TYPE: H4 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/V/-//XXI
WEIGHT 3.20g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 748 VAR. (H4 BUST UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 065.014
COLLECTION NO. 158
RARE BUST TYPE, ESPECIALLY FOR SISCIA
Barnaba6
69~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 065.018 12 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SALVS AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/T//XXI
WEIGHT 3.82g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 748
ALFOLDI 065.018
COLLECTION NO. 521
Barnaba6
5~5.jpg
ALFOLDI 065.050 PARMA SHIELD 16 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SALVS AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/VII//XXI
WEIGHT 3.89g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 748 VAR. (PARMA SHIELD UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 065.050
COLLECTION NO. 81
NOTE: Emperor is holding parma shield (rare)
Barnaba6
716~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 065.05616 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SALVS AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/VII//XXI
WEIGHT 3.13g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 747 VAR. (PARMA SHIELD UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 065.056
COLLECTION NO. 716
NOTE: Emperor is holding parma shield (rare)
Barnaba6
480.jpg
ALFOLDI 069.003 SISCIA PROBI AVG43 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: SISCIA PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIT
WEIGHT 3.42g / AXIS: 7h
RIC 765
ALFOLDI 069.003
COLLECTION NO. 156
Barnaba6
481.jpg
ALFOLDI 069.005 SISCIA PROBI AVG57 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: SISCIA PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 2.68g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20mm
RIC 765
ALFOLDI 069.005
COLLECTION NO. 368
NOTE: extremely rare variant in which Siscia is seated en face and is looking right
2 commentsBarnaba6
482.jpg
ALFOLDI 070 / - SISCIA PROBI AVG UNLISTED IN ALFODI89 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SISCIA PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIVI
WEIGHT 3.15g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 764
ALFOLDI 070 / - (UNLISTED WITH E1 BUST AND XXIVI MINTAMRK)
COLLECTION NO. 568

NOTE: Extremely rare Alfoldi reverse variant no. 70 in which the two river gods (Savvs and Colapis) are very close to one another and are placed underneath the personification of Siscia instead of being separated and placed on both sides of Siscia (as in variant no. 69). My coin is however unlisted with E1 (Bastien) / G (RIC V.2) bust and XXIVI mintmark.

Of the highest rarity, possibly an unicum.
3 commentsBarnaba6
6~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 073.03426 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: Δ//XXI
WEIGHT 2.75g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 776 VAR. (DELTA IN FIELD UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 073.034
COLLECTION NO. 173
1 commentsBarnaba6
9~5.jpg
ALFOLDI 075.002 14 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.63g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 777
ALFOLDI 075.002
COLLECTION NO. 608
RARE
Barnaba6
10~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.00111 viewsOBVERSE: PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIP
WEIGHT 4.21g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 772 VAR. (BUST A2 UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 076.001
COLLECTION NO.
SCARCE OBVERSE LEGEND
Barnaba6
495.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.00518 viewsOBVERSE: PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIP
WEIGHT 4.22g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 772
ALFOLDI 076.005
COLLECTION NO. 679
SCARCE OBVERSE LEGEND
Barnaba6
11~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.018 16 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: H (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION) = radiate bust left in consular robe
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIS
WEIGHT g / AXIS: h / WIDTH mm
RIC 770 VAR. (BUST H UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 076.018 (2 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 1100
VERY RARE BUST !
Barnaba6
497po.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.022 H BUST18 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: H (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIVII
WEIGHT 3.26g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22-23mm
RIC 770 VAR. (BUST H UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 076.022
COLLECTION NO. 609
VERY RARE BUST !
Barnaba6
12~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.06426 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: F5 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIP
WEIGHT 4.35g / AXIS: 11h / WIDTH 22-23mm
RIC 771 VAR. (F5 BUST UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 076.064 (1 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 1003
EXTREMELY RARE !!!
Note: Gorgoneion on cuirass
Ex S. Luethi's collection
Barnaba6
487.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.125 F5 BUST 28 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: F5 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIP
WEIGHT 3.40g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 774 VAR. (BUST F5 UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 076.125
COLLECTION NO. 520
VERY RARE
Barnaba6
488.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.133 17 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: F1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIS
WEIGHT 4.43g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 774
ALFOLDI 076.133
COLLECTION NO. 414
Barnaba6
11~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.13810 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIS
WEIGHT 3.29g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 774
ALFOLDI 076.138
COLLECTION NO. 694
Barnaba6
490.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.13918 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIT
WEIGHT 4.03g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 774
ALFOLDI 076.139
COLLECTION NO. 534
Barnaba6
121~2.JPG
ALFOLDI 076.1453 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIP
WEIGHT 4.43g / AXIS: 7h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 767
ALFOLDI 076.145
COLLECTION NO. 121
Barnaba6
489.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.14818 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.82g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 767
ALFOLDI 076.148
COLLECTION NO. 645
Barnaba6
264~1.JPG
ALFOLDI 076.1592 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: B1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIT
WEIGHT 2.90g / AXIS: 7h
RIC 767 VAR. (BUST B1 UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 076.159
COLLECTION NO. 264
EX M.G. COLLECTION
SCARCE BUST TYPE
Barnaba6
494.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.16717 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIP
WEIGHT 3.24g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 767
ALFOLDI 076.167
COLLECTION NO. 711
Barnaba6
15~2.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.17012 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.76g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 767
ALFOLDI 076.170
COLLECTION NO. 615
Barnaba6
492.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.171 15 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIV
WEIGHT 2.98g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 774
ALFOLDI 076.171
COLLECTION NO. 655
Barnaba6
14~2.jpg
ALFOLDI 084 / - UNLISTED IN ALFOLDI !!!22 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SPES AVG
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/VI//XXI
WEIGHT 3.23g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 786 VAR. (UNLISTED WITH A2 BUST)
ALFOLDI 084 / - (UNLISTED WITH A2 BUST)
COLLECTION NO. 1000
EXTREMELY RARE !!!
Ex S. Luethi's collection
Barnaba6
17~6.jpg
ALFOLDI 084.008 9 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SPES AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/V//XXI
WEIGHT 3.04g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 787
ALFOLDI 084.008
COLLECTION NO. 708
Barnaba6
13~1.jpg
ALFOLDI 084.01025 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SPES AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIV
WEIGHT 4.57g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 787
ALFOLDI 084.010 (2 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 1001
Ex S. Luethi's collection
Barnaba6
624~1.jpg
ALFOLDI 084.013 12 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SPES AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/V//XXI
WEIGHT 3.64g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-24mm
RIC 786
ALFOLDI 084.013
COLLECTION NO. 624
Barnaba6
499.jpg
ALFOLDI 084/- (UNLISTED) IMP PRBVS P F AVG (SIC!) UNICUM 40 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PRBVS P F AVG (SIC!)
REVERSE: SPES AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIVI
WEIGHT 3.60g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 788 VAR. (UNLISTED WITH ERRONEOUS LEGEND)
ALFOLDI 084/- (UNLISTED WITH ERRONEOUS LEGEND)
COLLECTION NO. 21
UNICUM
EX LANZ 153 lot 568
NOTE: Not only is this coin unique but it apparently is the only known example in Probus' coinage of a coin with an error in the very name of the emperor!
Barnaba6
502po.jpg
ALFOLDI 085.001 SPES AVG N 19 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS INV AVG
REVERSE: SPES AVG N
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXI
WEIGHT 4.14g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22-23mm
RIC 790
ALFOLDI 085.001
COLLECTION NO. 184
RARE
Barnaba6
503.jpg
ALFOLDI 088.003 28 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: VICTORIAE AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//KAQ
WEIGHT 3.51g / AXIS: 7h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 800
ALFOLDI 088.003
COLLECTION NO. 57
VERY RARE
Barnaba6
504.jpg
ALFOLDI 088.00448 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VICTORIAE AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//KAQ
WEIGHT 3.51g / AXIS: 7h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 799
ALFOLDI 088.004 (2 ex.)
COLLECTION NO. 46
Currently only the 8th known specimen in the world (including the 2 specimens cited by Alfoldi)
1 commentsBarnaba6
639~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 089.006 22 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VICTORIAE AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 2.80g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 796 VAR. (XXIQ MINTMARK UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 089.006
COLLECTION NO. 639
RARE
Barnaba6
505.jpg
ALFOLDI 089.012 26 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VICTOIRAE AVG
BUST TYPE: F8 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIP
WEIGHT 3.40g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 20,5-21mm
RIC 796 VAR. (BUST F8 UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 089.012
COLLECTION NO. 45
VERY RARE
Barnaba6
506.jpg
ALFOLDI 089.01619 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: VICTORIAE AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIVI
WEIGHT 4.19g / AXIS: 8h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 798
ALFOLDI 089.016
COLLECTION NO. 211
EX S.L. COLLECTION
RARE
Barnaba6
638~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 091.003 VIRTVS AVGVSTI F5 BUST20 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS AVGVSTI
BUST TYPE: F5 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIP
WEIGHT 3.65g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 805 VAR. (F5 BUST UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 091.003
COLLECTION NO. 638
EXTREMELY RARE COIN
Barnaba6
525.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.02018 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/V//XXI
WEIGHT 3.53g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 814
ALFOLDI 096.020
COLLECTION NO. 690
NOTE: SCARCE OBVERSE LEGEND FOR SISCIA
Barnaba6
636.JPG
ALFOLDI 096.0333 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/Q//XXI
WEIGHT 3.88g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 812
ALFOLDI 096.033
COLLECTION NO. 636
Barnaba6
513.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.08115 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 4.29g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 811 VAR. (BUST A2 UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 096.081
COLLECTION NO. 161
Barnaba6
512.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.08615 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/S/-//XXI
WEIGHT 3.25g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-24mm
RIC 811
ALFOLDI 096.086
COLLECTION NO. 367
Barnaba6
523.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.09118 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIS
WEIGHT 3.82g / AXIS: 11h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 811
ALFOLDI 096.091
COLLECTION NO. 123
Barnaba6
522.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.105 var. (UNLISTED) B1 BUST 44 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: B1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIT
WEIGHT 3.12g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 811
ALFOLDI 096/- (UNLISTED)
COLLECTION NO. 28
RARE BUST
2 commentsBarnaba6
526.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.12310 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/S//XXI
WEIGHT 3.54g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-24mm
RIC 816 VAR. (MINTMARK)
ALFOLDI 096.123
COLLECTION NO.654
Barnaba6
509.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.13824 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: F5 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/P//XXI
WEIGHT 4.26g / AXIS: 5h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 816 VAR. (F5 BUST UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 096.138
COLLECTION NO. 102
Barnaba6
519~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.15615 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/Q//XXI
WEIGHT 3.48g / AXIS: 1h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 816
ALFOLDI 096.156
COLLECTION NO. 361
Barnaba6
520.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.15727 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/V//XXI
WEIGHT 4.04g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 816
ALFOLDI 096.157
COLLECTION NO. 525
Barnaba6
24~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.17611 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/VI//XXI
WEIGHT 4.64g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 22-23mm
RIC 810
ALFOLDI 096.176
COLLECTION NO. 221
Barnaba6
524.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.17819 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIS
WEIGHT 3.98g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21,5mm
RIC 810
ALFOLDI 096.178
COLLECTION NO.618
Barnaba6
25~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.179 11 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIT
WEIGHT 3.92g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 810
ALFOLDI 096.179
COLLECTION NO. 324
Barnaba6
26~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.180 11 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.39g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 810
ALFOLDI 096.180
COLLECTION NO. 437
Barnaba6
27~1.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.18113 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIV
WEIGHT 3.64g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 810
ALFOLDI 096.181
COLLECTION NO. 323
Barnaba6
28~2.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.18213 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIVI
WEIGHT 3.61g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 810
ALFOLDI 096.182
COLLECTION NO. 322
Barnaba6
528.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.21221 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: F1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIS
WEIGHT 2.58g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 23-24mm
RIC 810
ALFOLDI 096.212
COLLECTION NO. 637
Barnaba6
517po.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.21925 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: F1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.80g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 810
ALFOLDI 096.219
COLLECTION NO. 67
Barnaba6
172po.jpg
ALFOLDI 096.233 15 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIS
WEIGHT 4.31g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 810
ALFOLDI 096.233
COLLECTION NO. 172
Barnaba6
29~1.jpg
ALFOLDI 096/- (UNLISTED) F8 BUST 13 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: F8 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 4.66g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 816 VAR. (F8 BUST UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 096/- (UNLISTED)
COLLECTION NO. 373
SCARCE BUST
Barnaba6
30~7.jpg
ALFOLDI 097.00911 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/T/-//XXI
WEIGHT 3.78g / AXIS: 11h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 817
ALFOLDI 097.009
COLLECTION NO. 101
Barnaba6
31~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 097.01318 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.54g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 817
ALFOLDI 097.013
COLLECTION NO. 453
Barnaba6
32~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 097.01713 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIS
WEIGHT 3.66g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 817
ALFOLDI 097.017
COLLECTION NO. 464
Barnaba6
33~6.jpg
ALFOLDI 097/- (UNLISTED) PEGASUS ON SHIELD 11 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: F1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.72g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 817 VAR. (PEGASUS ON SCHIELD)
ALFOLDI 097/- (UNLISTED)
NOTE: PEGASUS ON SHIELD
COLLECTION NO. 210
EX S.L. COLLECTION
Barnaba6
533po.jpg
ALFOLDI 098.01640 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIVI
WEIGHT 4.56g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22,5mm
RIC 818
ALFOLDI 098.016
COLLECTION NO. 148
Barnaba6
17~3.jpg
ALFOLDI 098.021 VAR.19 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIVI
WEIGHT 2.80g / AXIS: 7h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 818
ALFOLDI 098.021 VAR. (PEGASUS ON SCHIELD UNLISTED)
COLLECTION NO.1019
NOTE: PEGASUS ON SHIELD
Barnaba6
34~5.jpg
ALFOLDI 098.0239 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIV
WEIGHT 3.71g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 22-23mm
RIC 818
ALFOLDI 098.23
COLLECTION NO.681
Barnaba6
535po.jpg
ALFOLDI 098.03319 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIP
WEIGHT 3.90g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 818
ALFOLDI 098.33
COLLECTION NO. 244
EX U.N. COLLECTION
Barnaba6
18~2.jpg
ALFOLDI 098.04319 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIV
WEIGHT 4.04g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 818
ALFOLDI 098.043 (3 EX.)
COLLECTION NO.1020
Barnaba6
745.jpg
ALFOLDI 101.03116 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIT
WEIGHT 4.05g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21,5-23mm
RIC 820
ALFOLDI 101.031
COLLECTION NO. 745
Note: Reverse variety with captives wearing phrygian caps
Barnaba6
35~7.jpg
ALFOLDI 101.03211 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.48g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22-23mm
RIC 820
ALFOLDI 101.032
COLLECTION NO. 56
Barnaba6
396~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 101.0349 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIVI
WEIGHT 3.48g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 820
ALFOLDI 101.034
COLLECTION NO. 396
Barnaba6
36~7.jpg
ALFOLDI 101.04611 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIV
WEIGHT 4.02g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 820
ALFOLDI 101.046
COLLECTION NO. 245
EX U.N. COLLECTION
Barnaba6
579399_498605740176342_1455766899_n.jpg
Allende meteorite15 viewsType Chondrite (stony, non-metallic)
Class Carbonaceous chondrite
Group CV3
Composition 23.85% total iron
Shock stage S1
Country Mexico
Region Pueblito de Allende, Allende, Chihuahua
Coordinates 26°58′N 105°19′WCoordinates: 26°58′N 105°19′W
Observed fall Yes
Fall date 01:05 local time (07:05 GMT) on 1969 February 8
TKW 2 metric tons
Randygeki(h2)
American_Legion_School_Award.JPG
American Legion School Award26 viewsObv: FOR GOD & COUNTRY (the first four words of the American Legion's Constitution), a soldier and a sailor bearing arms, standing before a seascape that transitions into the French countryside, SEMPER FIDELIS in exergue.

Rev: An eagle with wings spread stands above the legend: AMERICAN LEGION / SCHOOL AWARD / COURAGE HONOR SERVICE / LEADERSHIP SCHOLARSHIP. In the lower third of the reverse is the American Legion seal above a sunburst.

Originally, the award was given to a boy of exceptional character in the graduating class of every grammar school in the state where there were at least ten male graduates. In 1925 an award of a different design was made for girls.

Designer: Robert Tait McKenzie

Produced by the Medallic Art Company, ca. 1922 - 1950, Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
ammonite.jpg
Ammonite44 viewsAmmonites are an extinct group of marine animals belonging to the cephalopod subclass Ammonoidea. They are excellent index fossils, and it is often possible to link the rock layer in which they are found to specific geological time periods. 1 commentsancientone
Andronicus2_SBCV2383.jpg
Andronicus II, SBCV 238313 viewsWing with Patriarchal Cross
ANXΔ
Emperor standing, facing, holding haloed cross and labarum scepter
Thessalonica
AE trachy
21mm, 1.41g

Class XXXII
novacystis
Andronicus2_SBCV2387.jpg
Andronicus II, SBCV 238712 viewsNo legend
Large Patriarchal Cross with two stars
Emperor standing, facing, holding two haloed Crosses
Constantinople
AE trachy
19mm, 1.52mm

Class XXX
novacystis
rjb_2012_05_12.jpg
Anglo-Saxon bronze strap end84 viewsA tongue-shaped strap-end of Thomas Class E, Type 3 dating to the late Anglo-Saxon period (10t-11th century AD). The attachment end is split to accommodate the strap, and has a central copper-alloy rivet to secure it. The front of the strap-end has a voided median rib, on either side of which it is decorated with a line of four ring-and-dot motifs. The rib extends from the rivet at the attachment end to the tip of the terminal. The back of the strap-end is plain.mauseus
U3141F1OAZMMBUO.JPG
Anonymous AE Follis12 viewsAttributed to Constantine VIII (1025-1028 CE)

Obverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyB / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings."
Mint: Constantinople

SB 1813 Class A2. AE 32, 14.12g
Belisarius
class-a2-basil-constantine-viii.jpg
Anonymous AE Follis Class A216 viewsByzantine Empire, Anonymous AE Follis Class A2, Basil II and Constantine VIII (976-1028 AD)


Attributed to Basil II and Constantine VIII (976-1028 AD)

Obverse: IC-XC, Bust of Christ holding book of gospels. EMMA NOVHL

Reverse: IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE on four lines, ornament below.

Reference: SB 1813

Ex: Kayser-i Rum Numismatics +photo
Gil-galad
lg_anonA.jpg
Anonymous Class A2, time of Basil II34 viewsAnonymous Class A2, time of Basil II and Constanti
AE Follis
+ EMMANOVHL, facing bust of Christ, wears nimbus cruciger ornamented in each limb of cross with squares, pallium and colobium, Gospels in both hands with five pellets in center, to left IC, to right XC
+ IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE (Jesus Christ King of Kings), ornamentation (square) above legend (Type 47)
Mint: (976 - 1025 AD)
References: Sear 1813
Class A2 Ornament type 47
1 commentsScotvs Capitis
lg_classB_03.jpg
Anonymous Class B, time of Romanus III or Michael30 viewsAnonymous Class B, time of Romanus III or Michael
AE Follis 6.47g / 28.5mm / -
+ EMMANOVHL, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium and holding book of Gospels with both hands, to left IC, to right XC
Cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS-XS (Jesus Christ) bAS-ILE/bAS-ILE (King of Kings)
Mint: (1028-1041 AD)
References: Sear 1823
Scotvs Capitis
lg_classB_02.jpg
Anonymous Class B, time of Romanus III or Michael32 viewsAnonymous Class B, time of Romanus III or Michael
AE Follis 11.71g / 28.5mm / -
+ EMMANOVHL, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium and holding book of Gospels with both hands, to left IC, to right XC
Cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS-XS (Jesus Christ) bAS-ILE/bAS-ILE (King of Kings)
Mint: (1028-1041 AD)
References: Sear 1823
Scotvs Capitis
lg_classB_01.jpg
Anonymous Class B, time of Romanus III or Michael23 viewsAnonymous Class B, time of Romanus III or Michael
AE Follis 7.83g / 27mm / -
+ EMMANOVHL, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium and holding book of Gospels with both hands, to left IC, to right XC
Cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS-XS (Jesus Christ) bAS-ILE/bAS-ILE (King of Kings)
Mint: (1028-1041 AD)
References: Sear 1823
Scotvs Capitis
coin402.jpg
Anonymous Class C Follis, attributed to Michael IV.23 viewsAnonymous Class C Follis, attributed to Michael IV.
Obverse: +EMMANOVHA. Christ Antiphonetes,
nimbate, standing facing / IC-XC-NI-KA divided
by jewelled cross. Coin #402
cars100
lg_Follis.jpg
Anonymous Class C, time of Michael IV32 viewsAnonymous Class C, time of Michael IV
AE Follis - / 28.5mm / -
+EM M A N OV HA - Three quarter length figure of Christ Antiphonetes standing facing, wearing nimbus cr., pallium and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, book of Gospels in left hand. IC in left field, XC in right
- Jeweled cross with pellet in each extremity, in the angles IC - XC / NI - KA
Mint: Constantinople (1034-1041 AD)
References: Sear 1825
Scotvs Capitis
classH.jpg
Anonymous Class H, time of Michael VII68 viewsAnonymous Class H, time of Michael VII
AE Follis
Ob: Nimbate bust of Christ facing, raising right hand in benediction
Rv: Patriarchal cross with globule and two pellets at each extremity, floral ornament in lower field
Minted 1071-1078 AD
7.30g / 24mm
Ref: Sear 1880
Scotvs Capitis
anon_class.jpg
Anonymous Class I, time of Nicephorus III55 viewsAnonymous Class I, time of Nicephorus III
AE Follis
Ob: Christ bust facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, gospels in left
Rv: Latin cross with X at center, globule and two pellets at each extremity, floral ornaments in lower fields, crescents in upper fields
Minted 1078-1081 AD
4.17g
Ref: Sear 1889
1 commentsScotvs Capitis
Christ_Follis.jpg
Anonymous Folles, temp. Basil II & Constantine VIII, circa 1020-102811 viewsÆ Follis 30 mm, 11.4 gm. Class A3. Uncertain (Thessalonica?) mint.
Obv.: Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator.
Rev.: + IҺSЧS/XRISTЧS/ЬASILЄЧ/ЬASILЄ in four lines; ornament above and below.
Reference: DOC A2.24; SB 1818.
Notes: sold to CN, 10/15.
John Anthony
anaon_follis.jpg
Anonymous Follis Class A244 viewsClass A2 Sear No. 1813
minted during the joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII
976 - 1025 A.D.
Ornament variation No. 5 in DOC
Scotvs Capitis
s3.jpg
Anonymous Follis Class A28 viewsSimon
classB_03.jpg
Anonymous Follis Class B19 viewsAnonymous Follis Class B, time of Romanus III or Michael
AE Follis 6.47g / 28.5mm
Ob: + EMMANOVHL, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium and holding book of Gospels with both hands, to left IC, to right XC
Rv: Cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS-XS (Jesus Christ) bAS-ILE/bAS-ILE (King of Kings)
Mint: (1028-1041 AD)
References: Sear 1823
Scotvs Capitis
kingofkings.jpg
Anonymous Follis Class B, time of Romanus III or Michael59 viewsAnonymous Follis Class B, time of Romanus III or Michael
AE Follis 6.47g / 28.5mm
Ob: + EMMANOVHL, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium and holding book of Gospels with both hands, to left IC, to right XC
Rv: Cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS-XS (Jesus Christ) bAS-ILE/bAS-ILE (King of Kings)
Mint: (1028-1041 AD)
References: Sear 1823
Scotvs Capitis
classB_02.jpg
Anonymous Follis Class B, time of Romanus III or Michael19 viewsAnonymous Follis Class B, time of Romanus III or Michael
AE Follis 6.47g / 28.5mm
Ob: + EMMANOVHL, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium and holding book of Gospels with both hands, to left IC, to right XC
Rv: Cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS-XS (Jesus Christ) bAS-ILE/bAS-ILE (King of Kings)
Mint: (1028-1041 AD)
References: Sear 1823
Scotvs Capitis
classB_01.jpg
Anonymous Follis Class B, time of Romanus III or Michael18 viewsAnonymous Follis Class B, time of Romanus III or Michael
AE Follis 6.47g / 28.5mm / -
Ob: + EMMANOVHL, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium and holding book of Gospels with both hands, to left IC, to right XC
Rv: Cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS-XS (Jesus Christ) bAS-ILE/bAS-ILE (King of Kings)
Mint: (1028-1041 AD)
References: Sear 1823
Scotvs Capitis
t5.jpg
Anonymous Follis Class D15 views9.34gm
27.6mm
Simon
t9.jpg
Anonymous Follis Class F11 views7.38gm

26.88mm
Simon
o5.jpg
Anonymous Follis Class G 15 viewsSimon
DSC01666.JPG
Anonymous Follis of Christ 1078-1081 A.D.12 viewsAnonymous Follis of Christ, class I, Nicephorus III
Constantinople mint, 26mm

Obverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, raising right in benediction; gospels in left hand

Reverse: Latin cross with X at center and globule and two pellets at each extremity, floral ornaments in lower fields, crescents in upper fields
1 commentsDk0311USMC
anon_A_3.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS A28 viewsAE FOLLIS 31.5 mm 10.65 g
O: FACING BUST OF CHRIST PANTOCRATOR
R: + IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE (Jesus Christ King of Kings)
(attributed to Basil II & Constantine VIII, c. 1023 - 1028 AD)
(no longer in collection)
laney
anon_a_2b.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS A22 viewsAE FOLLIS 35 mm max. 11.69 g
O: FACING BUST OF CHRIST PANTOCRATOR
R: + IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE (Jesus Christ King of Kings)
(attributed to Basil II & Constantine VIII, c. 1023 - 1028 AD)
laney
anon_A_1.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS A30 viewsAE FOLLIS 24X27 mm 6.56 g
O: FACING BUST OF CHRIST PANTOCRATOR
R: + IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE (Jesus Christ King of Kings)
(attributed to Basil II & Constantine VIII, c. 1023 - 1028 AD)
laney
2_class_a_a_8L.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS A21 viewsAE FOLLIS 28 mm max. 9.68 g
O: FACING BUST OF CHRIST PANTOCRATOR
R: + IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE (Jesus Christ King of Kings)
(attributed to Basil II & Constantine VIII, c. 1023 - 1028 AD)
laney
class_A_anon.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS A15 viewsAE FOLLIS 30.5mm max. 11.2 g
O: FACING BUST OF CHRIST PANTOCRATOR
R: + IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE (Jesus Christ King of Kings)
(attributed to Basil II & Constantine VIII, c. 1023 - 1028 AD)
laney
anon_b.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS B20 viewsAE FOLLIS 26 mm 6.72 g
O: Facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, holding gospels with both hands
R: Cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS-XS (Jesus Christ) above limbs, bAS-ILE/bAS-ILE (King of Kings) below limbs
(struck under Romanus III or Michael IV, 12 Nov 1028 - 10 Dec 1041 A.D.)
laney
sear_1823.jpg
Anonymous Follis, Class B; Sear 182315 viewsAnonymous Follis, Æ Follis, Class B, 11.3g, 30mm. Obv. ΕΜΜΑΝΟΥΗΛ Bust of Christ facing. IC/XC in field. Rev. IhSuS / bASILEu / bASILE about cross on three steps. Sear BCV 1823Podiceps
anon_c_5.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS C20 viewsAE FOLLIS 30mm max. 8.37 g
O: Christ standing facing
R: IC-XC/NI-KA in 4 quadrants of cross
(Time of Michael IV, 1034-1041 AD)

laney
anon_c_4.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS C27 viewsAE FOLLIS 25 mm 7.74 g
O: Christ standing facing
R: IC-XC/NI-KA in 4 quadrants of cross
(Time of Michael IV, 1034-1041 AD)
laney
anon_c_1.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS C24 viewsAE FOLLIS 27 mm 8.89 g
O: Christ standing facing
R: IC-XC/NI-KA in 4 quadrants of cross
(Time of Michael IV, 1034-1041 AD)
laney
anon_c_2.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS C22 viewsAE FOLLIS 30mm max. 9.25 g
O: Christ standing facing
R: IC-XC/NI-KA in 4 quadrants of cross
(Time of Michael IV, 1034-1041 AD)
laney
sear_1825.jpg
Anonymous Follis, Class C; Sear 182515 viewsAnonymous Follis, Æ Follis, Class C, 8g, 31mm. Obv. ΕΜΜΑΝΟΥΗΛ three-quarter length figure of Christ facing. Rev. Jewelled cross, IC XC NI KA in the quarters. Sear BCV 1825Podiceps
anon_d_3.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS D26 viewsAE FOLLIS 25 mm 5.70 g
O: IC-XC, Christ enthroned facing holding book of gospels
R: IS XS / bASILE / bASIL, Cross above, ornamentation below
(Time of Constantine IX, 1042 - 1055 AD)
laney
anon_d_2_2.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS D25 viewsAE FOLLIS 25 mm 5.95 g
O: IC-XC, Christ enthroned facing holding book of gospels
R: IS XS / bASILE / bASIL, Cross above, ornamentation below
(Time of Constantine IX, 1042 - 1055 AD)
laney
anon_d_1.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS D23 viewsAE FOLLIS 28 mm 5.27 g
O: IC-XC, Christ enthroned facing holding book of gospels
R: IS XS / bASILE / bASIL, Cross above, ornamentation below
(Time of Constantine IX, 1042 - 1055 AD)
laney
anon_d_7.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS D18 viewsANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS D
AE FOLLIS 32 mm 8.91 g
O: IC-XC, Christ enthroned facing holding book of gospels
R: IS XS / bASILE / bASIL, Cross above, ornamentation below
(Time of Constantine IX, 1042 - 1055 AD)
laney
anon_d_5.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS D20 viewsAE FOLLIS 27 mm max. 6.29 g
O: IC-XC, Christ enthroned facing holding book of gospels
R: IS XS / bASILE / bASIL, Cross above, ornamentation below
(Time of Constantine IX, 1042 - 1055 AD)
laney
normal_21-byz_2.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS D21 viewsAE FOLLIS 28 mm 7.62 g
O: IC-XC, Christ enthroned facing holding book of gospels
R: IS XS / bASILE / bASIL, Cross above, ornamentation below
(Time of Constantine IX, 1042 - 1055 AD)
no longer in collection
laney
anon_E.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS E22 viewsAE FOLLIS 29 mm 6.76 g
O: Bust of Christ facing, holding book of gospels.
R: ISXS / BASILE / BASIL; Oranamentation around border.
(Time of Constantine X, 1059-1067)
laney
sear_1855.jpg
Anonymous Follis, Class E; Sear 185521 viewsAnonymous Follis, Æ Follis, Class E, 7.1g, 27mm. Obv. Bust of Christ facing. Rev. IS XS BASILE BASIL. Sear BCV 1855. Podiceps
anon_F1.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS F22 viewsAE FOLLIS 27 mm 8.91 g
O: IC-XC, Christ seated on backless throne, facing
R: IS XS / bASILE / bASIL, Cross above, ornamentation below
(Time of Constantine X, 1059 - 1067 AD)
laney
anon_G5.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS G26 viewsAE FOLLIS 28 mm 9.5 g
O: Christ wearing nimbus
R: facing bust of the Virgin Orans, wearing pallium
Time of Romanus IV 1068 - 1071 AD
laney
anon_G2.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS G28 viewsAE FOLLIS 28 mm 7.59 g
O: Christ wearing nimbus
R: facing bust of the Virgin Orans, wearing pallium
Time of Romanus IV 1068 - 1071 AD
laney
anon_G.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS G20 viewsAE FOLLIS 27 mm 4.99 g
O: Christ wearing nimbus
R: facing bust of the Virgin Orans, wearing pallium
Time of Romanus IV 1068 - 1071 AD
laney
ANON_G_x.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS G32 viewsAE FOLLIS 27 mm 5.09 g
O: Christ wearing nimbus
R: facing bust of the Virgin Orans, wearing pallium
Time of Romanus IV 1068 - 1071 AD
laney
anon_H.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS H39 viewsAE FOLLIS 26 mm 8.62 g
Obverse: IC - XC, bust of Christ facing, with nimbus cruciger, holding Gospels
Reverse: Patriarchal cross, 2 arms, with globule and two pellets at each extremity, floral ornaments on either side
Time of Michael VII, Ducas, Constantinople Mint, 1071-1078 AD (scarce)
laney
anon_class_I.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS I36 viewsAE FOLLIS 21.5 mm 2.03 g
O: BUST OF CHRIST FACING
R: LATIN CROSS WITH X AT CENTER, GLOBULE AND 2 PELLETS AT EACH EXTREMITY, FLORAL ORNAMENTATION IN LOWER FIELDS, CRESCENTS IN UPPER FIELDS
Attributed to Nicephorus III, 24 March 1078 - 4 April 1081 A.D.
laney
sear_1889.jpg
Anonymous Follis, Class I; Sear 188912 viewsAnonymous Follis, Æ Follis, Class I, 4.2g, 24mm. Obv. Bust of Christ facing. Rev. Latin cross with X at centre, two crescents above, two floral ornaments below. BCV 1889, Ratto 2493-6 (Counts of Edessa).Podiceps
anon_follis_class_k_res.jpg
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS, CLASS K27 viewsattributed to ALEXIUS I, Comnenus ( 1081-1118 )
Anonymous AE Follis Class K (overstruck or doublestruck) 26 mm; 8.21 g
O: Bust of Christ facing
R: Three-quarter length figure of the Virgin orans facing
(Alexius I, 1081 - 1118 A.D.)
laney
anonimus-biz.jpg
Anonymous Follis- SB 181313 viewsanonymous,
Issued under both Basil II and Constantine VIII
from 976 until 1028.
Class 2, SB 1813.
xokleng
Capture~6.PNG
ANONYMOUS FOLLIS. Class A3. Attributed to Basil II & Constantine VIII (976-1025).29 viewsObv: + ЄMMANOVHΛ / IC XC. Facing bust of Christ Emmanuel.
Rev: + IҺSЧS / XRISTЧS / ЬASILЄЧ / ЬASILЄ. Legend in four lines; above and below, lozenge between dashes.
References: SBCV 1818. Grierson ornaments 24.
Weight: 11.38 g.
Diameter: 29 mm.
1 commentsCanaan
0091.jpg
Anonymous half-unit69 viewsAnonymous half-unit (AE)

RRC 26/4
234 - 231 bc
11 mm; 1,34 gr

Av: Head of Roma r., wearing Phrygian helmet.
Rv: Rev. Dog r.; in exergue, ROMA.

This one is tiny. What you see at the side is the edge from a one Euro Cent coin.
Crawford lists this as 'half litra' and before the As of the series

Ex Numismatica Ars Classica, Zurich; Auction 92 - Part II; 24 May 2016; lot no 1514
1 commentsNorbert
Sydenham_519_19mm,_4_40_grams_113_B_C__Cr_79_1.jpg
Anonymous Wheel Cr.79/164 viewsCrawford 79/1 Wheel (209-8BC) Sicily?
Denarius Serratus
Ob: helmeted head of Roma right, behind X
Rev: Dioscuri riding right with lances, below wheel, in exergue ROMA; line border

BMCRR II 308 (217-197BC)

Sydenham 519 (113BC) Narbo

Iridescent highlights, 4.4gr.

Grueber: The wheel maybe a symbol of the moneyer rather than of a mint, although it does occur on aes grave of Campania and central Italy, and the early coins of Luceria and Tartentum. This is the earliest occurrence of the serratus on republican denarii and the only anonymous. Only serratus attributed to a mint other than Rome by Count de Salis.

Sydenham classifies this serratus with Porcia 8 at the colony of Narbo. The serrated edge may have been suggested by the Gaulish custom of using serrated rings or wheels as currency. Tacitus stated that the Gaulish tribes showed a marked preference for coins that were serrati bigatique (Germania 5) Sydenham wrote an article entitled “Origin of the Roman Serrati” NC 1935 209 ff.

Crawford writes that Mattingly’s view that serrati were Marian coins was demolished by Sydenham’s article, but his view that they were struck at non-Italian mints for Trans-alpine circulation does not hold either. Grueber’s view that they are probably merely decorative best remaining theory. Crawford Vol 2 p. 581

Tacitus Germania 5 pecuniam probant veterem et diu notam, serratos bigatosque. They approve the old and long known money, those that are serrated and biga depicting.
3 commentsPetrus Elmsley
anonfollis.jpg
Anonymous, Class D. Circa1050-1060 AD. Æ Follis64 viewsobv: Christ seated facing on throne, holding Gospels
rev: IS XS bASILE bASILE
Constantinople mint.
(31mm, 9.27 gm).
DOC III Class D; SB 1836.

(Given to my brother October 2009)
CGPCGP
class-l-follis-nicephorus-iii.jpg
Anonymous, Nicephorus III (1078-1081 AD), AE Follis Class I44 viewsByzantine Empire, Anonymous, Nicephorus III (1078-1081 AD), AE Follis Class I

Obverse: IC-XC, Bust of Christ holding book of gospels.

Reverse: Latin cross with X at centre, globe and two dots at the ends of each arm, crescent at top left and right, floral ornaments at lower left and right.

Reference: SB 1889

Ex: Kayser-i Rum Numismatics +photo
2 commentsGil-galad
class-g-follis-romanus-iv.jpg
Anonymous, Romanus IV (1068-1071 AD) AE Follis Class G19 viewsByzantine Empire, Anonymous AE Follis Class G

Attributed to Romanus IV (1068-1071 AD)

Obverse: IC-XC, Bust of Christ holding book of gospels within a border of dots.

Reverse: MP-QV, Bust of Mary with hands raised within a border of dots.

Reference: SB 1867

Ex: Kayser-i Rum Numismatics +photo
Gil-galad
0092.jpg
Anonymus Quartuncia11 viewsAnonymus Quartuncia

RRC 38/8; Mc Cabe group AA?
217-215 bc
16 mm ; 2,92 gr

Av: Helmeted head of Roma r
Rv: Prow r, ROMA above


Ex Numismatica Ars Classica, Zurich | Auction 92 - Part II | 24 May 2016
Norbert
AG-Antigonos_I_Monophthalmos-3.jpg
Antigonos I Monophthalmos. As Strategos of Asia, 320-306/5 BC, or king, 306/5-301 BC., AR Drachm 13 views4.30 grams
Obv.: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
Rev.:Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; ME monogram in left field, ivy leaf below throne.
Price 1560; ADM II Series XIX
This coin was purchased form the Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. (CNG)
NGC Ch AU; Strike 4/5; Surface 55

Normally such coins are listed as a posthumous issue of Alexander III which I have no interest in since I rather a coin of Alexander III that is in fact a lifetime issue. However CNG attributed this coin to the actual issuer something that has more meaning to me that simply a posthumous issue of Alexander III.
Richard M10
Antimachos_I_(185-170_BCE)_tetradrachm_(AR).jpg
Antimachos I (185-170 BCE) tetradrachm (AR)72 viewsObv.: Draped bust of Antimachos I r., wearing kausia Rev.: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΘΕΟΥ ΑΝΤΙΜΑΧΟΥ (Poseidon stg. facing, holding trident and palm branch; in lower r. field, monogram.) Struck at Pushkalavati (174-165 BCE) Weight: 16.98 g. Diameter: 32.4 mm Reference: Mitchiner 124ff., Bopearachchi série 1A, HGCS 12/106 Provenance: Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 84/2 (2015)

Very little is known about this enigmatic Bactrian king, although he likely belonged to the Euthydemid dynasty and was subsequently defeated by Eukratides. The kausia, a typical Macedonian hat, underlined Antimachos' Macedonian lineage, thus boosting his legitimacy. While Poseidon's appearance on the coins of a landlocked nation is remarkable, he may have been connected to the Oxus river flowing through Bactria or the numerous earthquakes that to this day plague Afghanistan.
1 commentsNick.vdw
kukko.jpg
Antioch; Hermes/ rooster; AE1223 viewsPISIDIA. Antioch. Imperial Period. 1st Century BC - 1st Century AD. Æ 12mm (1.11 g). Draped bust of Hermes left; caduceus behind / Rooster standing right. SNG von Aulock 4916; cf. SNG Copenhagen 17. VF, dark green patina, lighter on the reverse. Ex Vauctions, Ex Classical numismatic Group


kaitsuburi
AntiochosII.jpg
Antiochos II Theos83 views261-246 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.17 g, 7h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Diademed head of Antiochos I right / BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, Apollo Delphios seated left on omphalos, testing bow in his right hand, left hand resting on omphalos; monograms to outer left and right. SC 587.1c; ESM 180; HGC 9, 236g.
From the RJM Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 60 (22 May 2002), lot 891.

My first coin from Seleukeia-on-the-Tigris
2 commentsThatParthianGuy
AntoAs25.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 952(=dup.), As of AD 155-156 (Pax)18 viewsÆ As (9.3g, Ø24.7mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 155-156.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laurate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: TR POT XIX COS IIII (around), S C (in field), Pax standing left holding branch and cornucopiae.
RIC 952(=dupondius)*
ex Forum Ancient Coins
*This type is not listed in RIC, Cohen, BMC nor Strack. These references all list this type as Sestertius and Dupondius only. Another example of this As-issue is listed in this Forum's "Gallery of Unlisted and Unpublished Coins". It was also published by Bakes, James R. (2003): An Apparently Unpublished As of Antoninus Pius, The Journal of the Classical and Medieval Numismatic Society 4.3 (September 2003), pp. 127-128, illus. : (The author describes a new as of Antoninus Pius with Pax reverse and the legends ANTONINVS AVG PI VS PP IMP II and TR POT XIX COS IIII SC. (Oliver D. Hoover))
Charles S
072.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm61 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.91 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p. 348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Forvm purchase - Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
AP13_c.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm60 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.89 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p. 348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
AP13_d.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm65 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.87 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p. 348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
AP13_b.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm69 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.86 gm, 13-14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
1 commentsJaimelai
AP13_a.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm51 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.85 gm, 12-14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
AP13_e.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm59 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.85 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
010.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm51 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.82 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Forvm purchase - Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
a1_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm51 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.85 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.450 – 404 B.C.
Jaimelai
005~4.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm45 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.80 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
015~2.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm 28 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.67 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11;
SNG Bulgaria II 322-324

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
016~5.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm64 views450 – 404 B.C.
Silver drachm
2.81 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Attic Gorgon head facing, hair in single row of large beads, head surrounded by long snakes tied in bow at top of head.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right with large chelipeds folded back
Topalov Apollonia p.588, 45; p.347, 4
Sear 1655var

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
1 commentsJaimelai
005_(2)~0.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm58 views450 – 404 B.C.
Silver drachm
2.85 gm, 13-15 mm
Obv: Attic Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9;
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor: Basic (Main) Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Die match to another of my coins and to CNG 806828
2 commentsJaimelai
Capture_00008_(2).JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm37 views450 – 404 B.C.
Silver drachm
2.87 gm, 13.5 mm
Obv: Attic Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9;
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor: Basic (Main) Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Die match to another of my coins and to CNG 806828
1 commentsJaimelai
45_33.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm25 views450 – 404 B.C.
Silver drachm
2.81 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Attic Gorgon head facing with human hair surrounded by snakes
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right with large chelipeds folded back
Topalov Apollonia p.588, 45; p.347, 6;
Sear 1655var

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
45_33~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm36 views450 – 404 B.C.
Silver drachm
2.61 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Attic Gorgon head facing with human hair surrounded by snakes
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right with large chelipeds folded back
Topalov Apollonia p.588, 45; p.347, 6;
Sear 1655var

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
1 commentsJaimelai
ap_50~1.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm27 views450 – 404 B.C.
Silver drachm
2.82 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Attic Gorgon head facing with human hair surrounded by snakes
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right with large chelipeds folded back
Topalov Apollonia p.588, 45; p.347, 6;
Sear 1655var

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
AP_50~3.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm16 views450 – 404 B.C.
Silver drachm
2.71 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Attic Gorgon head facing, hair in single row of large beads, head surrounded by long snakes tied in bow at top of head.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right with large chelipeds folded back
Topalov Apollonia p.588, 45; p.347, 4
Sear 1655var

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Similar to another one of my coins though a tab bit more weathered!
Jaimelai
AP33.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm17 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.71 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
app_15.png
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm2 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.89 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p. 348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11
SNG Bulgaria II 301-309

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
ap_50~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45(i?) - Silver Drachm24 views450 – 424 or 410/404 B.C.
Silver Drachm, Thracian Imitation?
2.39 gm, 14.5 mm
Obv: Attic Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets
circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p.588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var;
BMC Mysia p.9, 11
SNG BM Black Sea 160/61

Topalov Type 45 – Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor: Basic (Main) Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
a01_3.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45i - Silver Drachm61 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.82 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Appears to die match previous coin
Jaimelai
a02.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45i - Silver Drachm69 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.77 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Appears to die match previous coin though roughed up a bit
Jaimelai
053.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45i - Silver Drachm64 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.84 gm, 13.5-15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Forvm purchase - Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
014.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45i - Silver Drachm 31 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.84 gm, 14.2 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45 var.; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Forvm purchase (GS55520) - Dr. Prokopov has identified this as a tribal (Celtic?) imitative. This is my fourth coin with from the same cracked reverse die. There appears to be three different obverse dies though.
Jaimelai
ap_33.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45i - Silver Drachm19 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.77 gm, 14.5 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

My fifth coin of this reverse die - appears to be an earlier strike when compared to the others as the crack is not as severe.
Jaimelai
AP_50~4.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 45i - Silver Drachm14 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.86 gm, 14.0 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45 var.; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
a04.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 47 - Silver Drachm58 viewsEnd of the 5th - beginning of the 4th c. B.C.
2.77 gm, 12.5-13.5 mm
Obv: Gorgoneion head facing with wild hair and snakes
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right with long chelapeds folded back
Mint magistrate initials (IΩΠ YPO)
Topalov Apollonia p.590, 47; p.354, 9

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on one side, the letter A on the other" Last Issue (end of the 5th - beginning of the 4th c. B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has locks of human hair.
Rev.: Magistrates' names and initials (KEO, KΛEINIO, KΛEAN, IΩΠYPO). Upright anchor with large flukes and a rectangular stock, the letter A in one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
apollonia_pontica_2.jpg
APOLLONIA PONTICA, THRACE22 viewsAPOLLONIA PONTICA, THRACE, AR Drachm. 450-404 B.C. Facing head of Medusa in classic Attic style, long protruding tongue, human hair & snakes for hair. Rev.: Anchor, to right A, to left crayfish. SNG Cop 457. Sear 1655.dpaul7
apollonia_pontica_1.jpg
APOLLONIA PONTICA, THRACE29 viewsAPOLLONIA PONTICA, THRACE, AR Drachm. 450-404 B.C. Facing head of Medusa in classic Attic style, long protruding tongue, human hair & snakes for hair. Rev.: Anchor, to right crayfish, to left A. SNG Cop 457. Sear 1655.dpaul7
apo2_33.jpg
Apollonia, Illyria16 views229 - 80 B.C.
Silver drachm
2.72 gm, 15.5 mm
Obv.: Cow left, head turned, suckling calf right, TIMHN above (worn), monogram (ΠΑΝΚ) in exergue
Rev.: AΠOΛ – ΔAMO- ΦΩΝ-ΤΟΣ around double stellate pattern within double linear square with sides curved inwards
Petrányi Class A7ALc2b Year -4 (51 BC),
Ceka 115,
BMC Illyria p. 57, 14
Jaimelai
thasostdrachm.jpg
AR Tetradrachm of Thasos, Roman imitative 148 -80 BC41 viewsOBV: Head of Dionysos right wreathed with ivy leaves
REV :HPAKLEOYS SUTHPOS THASIUN (Hercules, Saviour of the Thasians); nude Heracles standing left holding club and lionskin; MH monogram to left
SNG Cop 1040, Dewing 1344, BMC 74 (Ref. Wildwinds)
These tet's were minted on Thasos off the coast of Thrace, and became an important international medium of exchange after Rome closed the Macedonian mints. The obverse celebrates the wine for which Thasos was renowned and the reverse may refer to a temple of Heracles. The type was widely copied among the Thracian tribes (imitatives) and the Celts (barbaric types).
According to Dr. Prokopov this coin is probably a Roman imitative, struck by Roman authorities between 148 and 80 BC, hence the fine classical style. The weight is right for the Rhodian standard. Holed and plugged.

Diameter ~30 mm, wt. 13.7 gm
daverino
Argolis,_Epidauros_Hemidrachm.jpg
Argolis, Epidauros ca. 250-240 BC, AR Hemidrachm22 viewsLaureate head of Asklepios left; Θ re-cut over an effaced E behind.
EΠ monogram within wreath.

HGC 5, 729; Requier Monnayage Series 4 [2], 202 (this coin) dies D2/R3, weight recorded as 2.34 g on BCD tag = Requier 2, 202); BCD Peloponnesos 1243-44 (same dies); Dewing 1931 (same dies).

(16 mm, 2.35 g, 7h).

Struck from worn dies as are all examples of this the last civic hemidrachm issue of Epidauros.

CNG Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX, 1, Spring 2014, 976803 from the BCD Collection; ex-1979/80 Epidauros Hoard (CH VII, 69).

This emission was the last civic silver issue struck by Epidauros. It was struck on a reduced weight standard that was adopted throughout most of the Peloponnesos from around 250 BC. It utilized an obverse die from the preceding emission on which the Θ mint control (D2) was re-cut over the earlier E mint control (D1). In 243 BC the last of pro-Macedonian tyrants that had ruled Epidauros for the previous fifty years was forced to step aside by Aretos of Sikyon, the strategos of the Achaean League. This event probably bought to an end the civic silver issues of Epidauros, although bronze civic coinage continued down to ca. 200 BC. After this, a few Epidauran issues in silver and bronze, conforming to Achaean League standards, were made in the period leading up to the defeat of the League by Rome in 146 BC
1 commentsn.igma
Argolis,_Hermione,_AE_Chalkous_-_BCD_1298_5_(this_coin).jpg
Argolis, Hermione, 360-320/10 BC, Æ Dichalkon12 views Wreathed head of Demeter Chthonia right.
Torch between letters E and P, all within a wreath of grain.

HGC 5, 754 (S); Grandjean Group II, emission 3B d40/r38; BCD Peloponnesos 1298.5 (this coin); Lindgren 1692 (this coin); BMC 15.

(13 mm, 1.80 g, 12h).
Kirk Davis Classical Numismatics, October 2008; Kirk Davis Catalogue 50, Fall 2006, 51; ex-BCD Collection: LHS 96, 8-9 May 2006, 1298.5; ex- Henry Clay Lindgren Collection #1692
n.igma
Hermione_Triobol___BCD_Peloponnesos_1302_(this_coin).jpg
Argolis, Hermione, ca. 280-250 BC, AR Triobol 24 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
EP monogram above ΔI, all within wreath of grain.

BCD Peloponnesos 1302 (this coin); HGC 5, 748; Grandjean, Monnayage Group II, Emission 8, D16/R25 (this coin cited).

(15 mm, 2.58 g, 11h)
Auctiones GmbH 47, 24 April 2016, 25; ex- BCD Collection: LHS Numismatics 96, 8-9 May 2006, 1302; ex- GMRH, May 1979, SFr 500 (per BCD ticket); ex- Ashmolean Museum from the E.S.G. Robinson Collection, donated to the Ashmolean, disposed of as a duplicate.

This coin has a notable provenance that can be traced back to the collection of Edward Stanley Gotch Robinson (1887-1976) a classical numismatist and the Keeper of the Coin and Medal Department at the British Museum 1949-1952. He endowed the Ashmolean with his coin collection in 1964. Within three years of his death the Ashmolean disposed of this coin from the collection, despite the type being extremely rare. That's gratitude for you!
n.igma
Argolis,_Hermione,_AR_Triobol_.jpg
Argolis, Hermione, ca. 360-320/10 BC, AR Triobol 27 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
EP monogram within wreath.

HGC 5, 745 (R2); Grandjean, Monnayage group I, emission 1A, D1/R2 (this coin cited = Coll. N. Davis169 (= Coll. Jameson 1259)); BCD Peloponnesos 1288 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 136; Jameson 1259 (this coin); Dewing 1932 (same dies).

(15 mm, 2.84 g, 11h)
Classical Numismatic Group Mail Bid Auction 79, 17 September 2008, 295; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); ex- 'Continental' collection: Classical Numismatic Group XXIV, 9 December 1992, 255; ex- N. DAvis Collection; ex- Jameson Collection.

This triobol is the coin catalogued by Grandjean as D1/R2 Coll. N. Davis 169 (= Coll. Jameson 1259). It passed into the BCD Collection via CNG XXIV (1992) after the publication of Granjean's work in 1990. The Jameson collection was auctioned in Paris in the years 1913-1932.
1 commentsn.igma
Argolis,_Hermione,_AR_Triobol.jpg
Argolis, Hermione, ca. 360-320/10 BC, AR Triobol 12 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
EP monogram within wreath.

HGC 5, 745 (R2); Grandjean, Monnayage group I, emission 1A, D3/R2 (this coin cited = Coll. BCD. 12); BCD Peloponnesos 1287; SNG Copenhagen 136.

(15 mm, 2.58 g, 7h).
Classical Numismatic Group; ex- BCD Collection; ex- Malcolm Hay (January 1975).
n.igma
Argolis,_Hermione,_AE_Chalkous,_CNG_833013.jpg
Argolis, Hermione. 360-320/10 BC, Æ Chalkous13 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
Torch; E-P across field; all within wreath of grain ears.

HGC 5, 753 (C); Grandjean Group I, emission 2B, d38/r36 (this coin cited as Coll. BCD, 25); BCD Peloponnesos 1297.

(12 mm, 2.06 g, 12h).
Classical Numismatic Group, July 2009; ex- BCD Collection, purchased from Leu, January 1979; ex- Jacob Hirsch (1874-1955) with his ticket; ex- Professor Athanasios Rhousopoulos (1823-1898) Collection (R/G 5310 = Rhousopuolos Griechen 5310 per Hirsch ticket).
n.igma
Argolis,_Hermione,_AE_Chalkous.jpg
Argolis, Hermione. 360-320/10 BC, Æ Chalkous11 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
Torch between letters E and P, all within wreath of grain.

HGC 5, 753 (C); Grandjean Group I, emission 2B, d28/r24 (this coin cited as Coll. BCD, 17); BMC 8; BCD Peloponnesos 1297;Weber 4241; SNG Copenhagen 140-3.

(13 mm, 2.36 g, 12h).
Classical Numismatic Group; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); ex- Munz Zentrum Sale XLIII, 27 April 1981, 86.
n.igma
Arkadia,_Arkadian_League,_Kleitor,_ca_460-450_BC__AR_Hemidrachm_.jpg
Arkadia, Arkadian League, Kleitor, ca. 460-450 BC. AR Hemidrachm19 viewsZeus Lykaios seated right, holding scepter and thunderbolt; [eagle flying right from his arm].
ARKA-ΔIKON Head of Kallisto right, wearing tainia, within incuse square.

Williams, Confederate, period III, - (O111/R97 [unlisted combination]); HGC 5, -; BCD Peloponnesos -; SNG Copenhagen 173 (same obv. die); Gans FPL 29, no. 7198 (same rev. die). Reverse of fine style. Very rare. Reverse of fine style. Very rare.

(15 mm, 2.88 g, 4h).
Classical Numismatic Group Mail Bid Sale 81, 20 May 2009, 2566; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale), purchased from Davissons, September 1994.

This rare coin is from an unlisted die combination which according to the BCD tag accompanying the coin consists of the obverse die 111 used to strike Williams 163, while the reverse is from reverse die 97 used to strike Williams 157.
n.igma
Arkadia,_Pheneos,_ca__300-240_BC,_AE_Dichalkon.jpg
Arkadia, Pheneos, ca. 300-240 BC, Æ Dichalkon 10 viewsWreathed bust of Artemis Heurippa right, with bow and quiver over shoulder.
ΦENEΩN Mare grazing right; AP monogram below, HP monogram in exergue.

HGC 5, 988; BCD Peloponnesos 1626; SNG Copenhagen 274; BMC 24.

(!7 mm, 5.05 g, 1h)
Classical Numismatic Group
n.igma
10900389.jpg
Arsakes I9 viewsArsakes I. 247-211 BC. AR Drachm (18mm, 4.06 g, 12h). Hekatompylos mint. Head left, wearing bashlyk / Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on backless throne, holding bow; A to right. Sellwood 5.1 (Arsakes II); A&S Type 5, 6 (Arsakes II; same dies); Sunrise 240; Shore 3 (Arsakes II). EF, toned, traces of find patina, obverse struck with worn die.

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 103 (14 September 2016), lot 434; Atrek 1965 Hoard (IGCH 1798).

Ex CNG 109 lot 389
arash p
IMGP0949Art_1combo.jpg
Artabanos I. 127-124 BC31 viewsAR dr., 3,59gr, 19,5mm; Sellwood 20.1, Shore 59, Sunrise 278;
mint: Ekbatana, axis 14:30h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/diadem, knot and 3 ribbons, pellet on center ribbon; short, cap like hair, medium long, pointed beard; earring, multiple turn torque; dotted border 8 to 16h;
rev.: archer, right, w/bow in right hand, on omphalos; 4-line legend in 2+2 format: BAΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOY APΣAKOY
(ΦIΛ)AΔEΛ(ΦOY);

ex: Classical Coins, Goleta, CA
Schatz
Arthropoda,_Trilobita,_Phacopida,__Cambrian_period,_c_400_Mya,_Q-001,_45x28mm-s.jpg
Arthropoda, Trilobita, Phacopida,177 viewsArthropoda, Trilobita, Phacopida,
date: Cambrian period, c. 400-450 million years ago, (Mya),
size: 45x28mm,
Q-001
"Phacopida ("lens-face") is an order of trilobite that lived from the Late Cambrian to the Late Devonian. It is made up of a morphologically diverse group of related suborders.
The origin of the Phacopida order is uncertain. It comprises three suborders (Phacopina, Calymenina, and Cheirurina) which share a distinctive protaspis (developmental stage lacking segments) type. The Cheirurina and Calymenina retain a rostral plate (an apomorphy) but in virtually all Phacopina the free cheeks are yoked as a single piece. This sort of similarity in development suggests phylogenetic unity. The suborder Calymenina is the most primitive of the Phacopida order and shares some characteristics with the order Ptychopariida, though it is not included in the subclass Libristoma." from Wikipedia.
quadrans
G_335_Kyme_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Aiolis, Kyme, Amazon Kyme, Horse, Diodoros magistrate11 viewsAiolis, Kyme
AE 19
Diodoros, magistrate
Obv.: Head of the Amazon Kyme right, wearing taenia
Rev.: Horse advancing right; KY above, jug below raised leg; ΔIOΔΩPOΣ magistrate in ex
AE, 19 mm, 6.57g
Ref.: Ashton, Classical, Series IVa; SNG Ashmolean 1364-5; SNG Copenhagen 96, SNG München 494
1 commentsshanxi
Attica_beauty_(1_sur_1).jpg
Athena. Classical Beauty Fifth century BC196 viewsc 431/ 415 BC
"Archaic style" head of Athena, wearing crested helmet ornamented with olive leaves and floral scroll, on Athen tetradrachm

I consider this coin as historical to the extent that athenian owl tetradrachm was the first widely used international coinage.

Here, all the coin :
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?album=lastup&cat=21343&pos=0
2 commentsmoneta romana
454-404_BC_-_Athenian_Tetradrachm.jpg
Athenian Classical Tetradrachm -- 454-404 BC19 views16.99 g, 22 mm, 270°
Athens Mint
Silver Tetradrachm
Near VF, toned, test cut on reverse, minor deposits and light scratches.
Kroll 8; SNG Copenhagen 31

Obverse: Classical Bust of Athena.
Reverse: AOE; Owl, Crescent, and Olive Sprig Within Incuse Square.

Owls were the first widely used international coin. They popularized the practice of putting a head on the obverse of a coin and an animal on the reverse. Athena was goddess of both wisdom and warfare and was the patron goddess of Athens. The owl is Athena's attribute or mascot. According to mythology, Athena at times took the very form of her owl. The owl species depicted on Athenian Owls is the Athena Noctua, also called the Little Owl or Minerva Owl.
Hydro
athenowl.jpg
Athens AR Classical Tetradrachm 454-431 BC15 viewsOBVERSE: Helmeted head of Athena right
REVERSE: Owl perched right, Olive leaves and crescent moon in left field; ethnic [AOE] in right field obscured by obverse test punch.

This type of owl is from the high point of Athens' domination of the Greek world. According to Reid Goldsborough's classification it is distinguished by the confident smile on the face of Athena, her full rounded features and, on the reverse, the short legged owl. The coin is somewhat crystallized as seen by the surfaces and its low conductivity. Crystallization is rarely found in Owls, I suspect because their high relief required heating the planchet strongly before striking. Not a perfect coin but the character of Athena nicely represents the opinion that the Athenians had of themselves in their heyday.

weight 16.95 gms
daverino
Athens_1b_img~1.jpg
Athens, AR Tetradrachm, ca 393 - 370 BC74 viewsObv:– Head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll
Rev:– owl standing right, head facing, to right ATE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent
Minted in Athens c. B.C. 393 - 370.
Reference:– Flamen p. 126, 1 (Pi I); Svoronos Athens plate 19, 17; SNG Cop -
Ex-Forum Ancient Coins
16.699g, 24.31mm, 270o

The following information was provide by Forum with the coin:-

"Transitional style tetradrachms include all of the wide spectrum of variants with the eye in profile issued after the classic "old style" almond eye tetradrachms but before the broad thinner flan "new style" tetradrachms. Recent research has classified variations of the transitional style - Pi Type, Quadridigité Style, Heterogeneous Style and sub-groups of the styles, and proposed chronologies for the different styles and groups.

This coin is the earliest transitional type, the first Pi style type, essentially identical to the "old style" with the exception of the eye in profile. The "Pi" designation is based on the P shape of the floral spiral and palmette ornamentation on the helmet bowl. The coin can be classified as Pi style, group 1. The floral ornament on examples this early do not yet resemble Pi."
maridvnvm
Athens_1b_img.jpg
Athens, AR Tetradrachm, ca 393 - 370 BC89 viewsObv:– Head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll
Rev:– owl standing right, head facing, to right ATE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent
Minted in Athens c. B.C. 393 - 370.
Reference:– Flamen p. 126, 1 (Pi I); Svoronos Athens plate 19, 17; SNG Cop -
Ex-Forum Ancient Coins
16.699g, 24.31mm, 270o

The following information was provide by Forum with the coin:-

"Transitional style tetradrachms include all of the wide spectrum of variants with the eye in profile issued after the classic "old style" almond eye tetradrachms but before the broad thinner flan "new style" tetradrachms. Recent research has classified variations of the transitional style - Pi Type, Quadridigité Style, Heterogeneous Style and sub-groups of the styles, and proposed chronologies for the different styles and groups.

This coin is the earliest transitional type, the first Pi style type, essentially identical to the "old style" with the exception of the eye in profile. The "Pi" designation is based on the P shape of the floral spiral and palmette ornamentation on the helmet bowl. The coin can be classified as Pi style, group 1. The floral ornament on examples this early do not yet resemble Pi."
3 commentsmaridvnvm
Athens_tetradrachm.jpg
Athens, Attica Tetradrachm72 viewsAR Tetradrachm
Size: 23 mm Weight: 16.73 grams Die axis: 9h

Athens, Attica
454 – 415 BCE

Obverse: Head of Athena to right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves above the visor and a floral scroll on the bowl. Hair is drawn in parallel curves, wears a round earring.

Reverse: Owl standing to right, head facing with tail feathers as a single protrusion. Olive sprig and crescent moon to upper left. AΘE to right.

Notes:
- Some porosity and crystallisation, attractive style. Possible bankers mark on cheek.

Ex Freeman & Sear, 2008
2 commentsPharsalos
AthenTetVF.jpg
Athens, Greece, Old Style Tetradrachm, 449 - 413 B.C.125 viewsSilver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 31 ff., SGCV I 2526, VF, near full crest, Athens mint, 16.410g, 25.1mm, 90o. Obverse: head of Athena right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; Reverse: AQE right, owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within incuse square.

This coin is one of the most familiar of all the coins struck throughout the ancient Mediterranean. The images of Athena and her Owl, while not static, changed undramatically, in an unhurried and deliberate way. Although its production rests firmly during the time that numismatists call the Classical era (479 BC --336 BC), this coin's "style" better reflects the earlier Archaic period.

The Athenian "Owl" (until its debasement as a result of the Peloponnesian War) was the standard of its day. Between the late 5th century BC and the late 3rd century BC, these coins were the currency against which all other coins were measured. This high esteem was due to the Athenian tetradrachms' consistent weight and quality of silver.

"The little elf-like owl dear to ancient Athens had greenish-blue-gray eyes that could see clearly where humans could not. Glaukopis -- the "shining eyed one" was often shortened to glaux, a nickname for the tetradrachm that bore the owl's likeness" (http://notes.utk.edu/bio/unistudy.nsf/0/da0222e2e80272fd85256785001683e4?OpenDocument).

It is only with the emergence of the Imperial coinage of Alexander the Great (beginning quickly after his ascension to the throne in 336 BC) that the ancient world had another coin as widely accepted. As Martin J. Price notes, "“The impressive list of twenty-three mints on Asian soil and one in Egypt, all used to strike Alexander’s imperial coinage during his lifetime, shows that there was a conscious policy of providing this form of money on an empire-wide basis" (Price, Martin J. The Coinage in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. Zurich: The Swiss Numismatic Society in Association with British Museum Press, 1991. 72).

More than two millennia after the Athenian Tetracrachm was first struck, the 26th President of The United States, Theodore Roosevelt (b. 1858; d. 1919), is said to have carried an Athenian "Owl" in his pocket--to remind him just how beautiful a coin could be.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
G001.jpg
Attica, Athens Classical Owl Type Tetradrachm24 viewsTest cut to right of owls headZaph0dd
athen_SNGcop31.jpg
Attica, Athens, SNG Copenhagen 31200 viewsThe famous Attic owl, 449-413 BC
AR - tetradrachm (classic style), 17.1g, 24.2mm
obv. Archaic head of Athena r., with almond shaped eye, wearing crested helmet
ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round
earring.
rev. AQE right
owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, prong tail, to left olive twig
and crescent, all within incuse square
SNG Copenhagen 13; Sydenham 2526
nice VF, good metall (Thanks to Salem!)
7 commentsJochen
00221q00.jpg
Attica, Athens. (Circa 454-449 BC)29 viewsAR Tetradrachm

25 mm, 17.20 g

This is a transitional Owl tetradrachm that bridges the early classical owls (minted from 478-454) with the subsequent mass classical (standardized) coinage, which really got going in the early 440s BC to finance Pericles' building projects like the Parthenon and then later the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) vs. Sparta. The 454 date is critical in that it was the year that Athens moved the treasury of the Delian league (confederation of Greek states led by Athens to defend against the Persian threat) from Delos to Athens.

This coin shares many attributes of Starr V early classical coinage (465-454 BC). On the obverse, the olive leaves on Athena's helmet connect to her diadem with small stems (which disappear in the mass coinage). In addition, the palmette leaves on Athena's helmet are smaller, less decorative, and more realistic. Finally, Athena is smiling (she starts to frown as the war with Sparta goes badly) and is more beautifully depicted than in the more hastily produced mass coinage.

On the reverse, like with the Starr V coins, the incuse is quite noticeable and the AOE (short for AOENAION, or "Of the Athenians") is written in smaller letters (they are much bigger in the mass coinage). Also, the owl is stouter, has smaller eyes, and his head is at an angle rather than parallel to the ground like all later issues.

The only difference between the Starr V owls and this example is in the owl's tail - in Starr V it ends with three small feathers. On this coin and all subsequent coinage the owl's tail ends in a single prong. Given all the other similarities to Starr V it is likely this coin was minted soon after the Treasury's move from Delos to Athens - perhaps 454/453.
2 commentsNathan P
IMG_0083.JPG
ATTICA, Athens. AR Tetradrachm95 viewsCirca 454-404 B.C. 17.15 grams. Obverse: archaizing head of Athena right. Reverse: owl standing right, olive sprig left upper corner with crescent moon below, ethnic to right field, all within incuse square. Kroll 8. HGC 4, 1597. SNG Copenhagen 31. SNG Munchen 49. Dewing 1591-7. Gulbenkian 519-21. Kraay & Hirmer 362. Choice EF, well centered, high relief (as usual).
Ex CNG
The quintessential "Old Style" or "Classical Style" silver tetradrachm representative coin of Classical Athens called "glaukes" or owls. Silver probably came from the mines of Laurion or from member city states of the Delian League. Countless articles and exhaustive studies had been made regarding the enormous output of these coins during its remarkable existence. One of the early trade coins of the ancient world and undeniably well travelled from the Pillars of Hercules to ancient India, hence its ubiquitous nature. What more could be said of it?
3 commentsJason T
093.jpg
AURELIAN RIC TEMP 251242 viewsOBVERSE: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG
REVERSE: RESTITVT(·)ORBIS
BUST TYPE: F9 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//A
MINT: UNSPECIFIED BALCANIC MINT
WEIGHT 3.69 g
RIC TEMP: 2512 (1 EX.)
NOTE: extremely rare and sought-after bust type
second known specimen in the world !!!

1 commentsBarnaba6
B_059_Anonim_Follis,_SB_1812var,_(Basil_II__and_Constantine_VIII__cc989_AD),_A2,_F41,_SB-1812var_,_Q-001,_6h,_25-26,5mm,11,31g-s.jpg
B 059 Anonymous Follis, SB 1812var., AE-Follis, Class A2/F41type, (Basil II. and Constantine VIII. (976-1025 A.D.)), #1103 viewsB 059 Anonymous Follis, SB 1812var., AE-Follis, Class A2/F41type, (Basil II. and Constantine VIII. (976-1025 A.D.)), #1
Class A2, attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII.
averse: +EMMA NOVHΛ, IC-XC, ust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
reverse: +IhSyS / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings".
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 27,5mm, weight: 10,30g, axis: h,
mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences., date: cc989 A.D., ref:SB 1813, Class A2/F41type,
Q-001
quadrans
B_059_Anonim-Follis,_SB_1813,_AE-Follis,_Class_A2,_(Constantine_VIII__(976-1025_A_D_)),SB-1818-p-350_Q-001,_0h,_28mm,_10_30g-s.jpg
B 059 Anonymous Follis, SB 1813, AE-Follis, Class A2/F39type, (Constantine VIII. (976-1025 A.D.)), #1128 viewsB 059 Anonymous Follis, SB 1813, AE-Follis, Class A2/F39type, (Constantine VIII. (976-1025 A.D.)), #1
Class A2, attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII.
averse: +ЄMMA NOVHΛ, IC-XC, Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
reverse: +IhSyS / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings".
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 27,5mm, weight: 10,30g, axis: h,
mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences., date: 976-1025 CE, ref:SB 1813, Class A2/F39type,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantine-IX-1042-1055_Anonim-Follis_Class-D_IC-XC_IS-XS_BASILE_BASIL_SB-1836-p-378_Q-001_6h_29-30mm_12,81g-s.jpg
B 059 Anonymous Follis, SB 1836, AE-Follis, Class D, (Constantine IX. (1042-1055 A.D.)),94 viewsB 059 Anonymous Follis, SB 1836, AE-Follis, Class D, (Constantine IX. (1042-1055 A.D.)),
Class D, attributed to joint reign of Constantine IX.
averse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
reverse: -+-IS-XS / bASILE/bASIL- in 3 lines, - crescent -.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 29-30mm, weight: 12,81g, axis: 6h,
mint: , date:, ref: SB-1836, p-378,
Q-001
quadrans
B_059_Anonim-Follis,_SB_1880,_AE-Follis,_Class_H,_(Michael_VII__(_First_Crusade_)_(1081-1092_A_D_)),_Constantinopolis,_Q-001,_5h,_23-24mm,_5,49g-s.jpg
B 059 Anonymous Follis, SB 1880, AE-Follis, Class H, (Michael VII. ( First Crusade ?) (1081-1092 A.D.)), Constantinopolis, #1107 viewsB 059 Anonymous Follis, SB 1880, AE-Follis, Class H, (Michael VII. ( First Crusade ?) (1081-1092 A.D.)), Constantinopolis, #1
averse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and rising right hand in benediction, in left hand, to scroll, to left IC to right XC, border of dots.
reverse: Patriarchal cross, with globulae and two pelletsat each extremity, in lower field on either side, floral ornament.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 23-24,5mm, weight: 5,49g, axis: 5h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: 1081-1092 A.D., ref:SB 1880, p-379,
Q-001
quadrans
B_059_Anonim-Follis,_SB_1901,_AE-Follis,_Class_K,_(Alexius_I__(1081-1118_A_D_)),_Constantinopolis,_Q-001,_6h,_20,5-22,5mm,_4,09g-s.jpg
B 059 Anonymous Follis, SB 1901, AE-Follis, Class K, MP/QV//--, (Alexius I. (1081-1118 A.D.), Constantinopolis, Mary, three-quarter length figure, #198 viewsB 059 Anonymous Follis, SB 1901, AE-Follis, Class K, MP/QV//--, (Alexius I. (1081-1118 A.D.), Constantinopolis, Mary, three-quarter length figure, #1
averse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and rising right hand in benediction, in left hand, to scroll, to left IC to right XC, border of large pellets.
reverse: MP-QV to left and right of Mary, three-quarter length figure, nimbate, hands raised, all inside border of large pellets.
exergue: MP/QV//--, diameter: 20,5-22,5mm, weight: 4,09g, axis: 6h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: 1068-1071 A.D., ref:SB 1901,
Q-001
quadrans
B_059_Imitation-Barbar_Anonim-Follis_SB--p-_Q-001,_6h,_24,5-26,5mm,_9,04g-s.jpg
B 059 Anonymous Follis, SB ????, AE-Follis, Class A2 (?), (Ancient (Barbar) Imitation), 113 viewsB 059 Anonymous Follis, SB ????, AE-Follis, Class A2 (?), (Ancient (Barbar) Imitation),
(Class A2, attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII.)
averse: +ЄMMΔ VOHΛI instead of +ЄMMA NOVHΛ, IC-XC, Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
reverse: +IhSyS / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings", all S are "revers" !!!
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 24,5-26,6mm, weight: 9,04g, axis: 6h,
mint: Ancient (Barbar) Imitation., date: ??? A.D., ref: SB ???,
Q-001
quadrans
Barberini_Faun_front_Glyptothek_Munich_218_n2.jpg
Barberini Faun (Drunken Satyr) located in the Glyptothek in Munich, Germany226 viewsThe life-size marble statue known as the Barberini Faun or Drunken Satyr is located in the Glyptothek in Munich, Germany. A Faun is the Roman equivalent of a Greek Satyr. In Greek mythology, satyrs were human-like male woodland spirits with several animal features, often a goat-like tail, hooves, ears, or horns. Satyrs attended Dionysus. The position of the right arm over the head was a classical artistic convention indicating sleep. The statue is believed to have once adorned Hadrian's Mausoleum. The historian Procopius recorded that during the siege of Rome in 537 the defenders had hurled down upon the Goths the statues adorning Hadrian's Mausoleum. When discovered, the statue was heavily damaged; the right leg, parts of both hands, and parts of the head were missing. Johann Winckelmann speculated that the place of discovery and the statue's condition suggested that it had been such a projectile.
Joe Sermarini
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Basil II & Consantine VIII21 viewsClass A2 anonymous follis. +EMMANOVHA IX-XC, Nimbate bust of Christ holding book of gospels / +IhSUS / XRISTUS / bASILEU / bASILE in four lines, adornments above & below.

1023 - 1028 A.D ex Forvm
Randygeki(h2)
Christ_follis_1_k.jpg
Basil II and Constantine VIII, AD 976 - 102512 viewsÆ anonymous follis, class A2, 32mm, 12.6g, 6h; Constantinople mint
Obv.: + EMMANOVHL, facing bust of Christ, wears nimbus cruciger ornamented in each limb of cross, pallium and colobium, Gospels in both hands, to left IC, to right XC
Rev.: + IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE (Jesus Christ King of Kings), ornamentation above and below
Reference: SBCV 1813
John Anthony
022~7.JPG
Basse et moyenne Vallée du Rhône - Potin au long cou, -75/-258 viewsPotin, 2,62 g, 18 mm.
Av./ Tête stylisée à gauche.
Rv./ Animal à gauche sur un trait de sol.
Réfs : Dicomon, PTM-234 (classe C)
Gabalor
VII-250.jpg
BEAT TRANQLITAS VOT/IS/XX - Crispus47 viewsAE3, London, 322 - 323
3.39gm, 19mm
Ox: CRISPVS NOBIL C
O: Laureate, cuirassed bust left, with spear pointing forward and shield on left arm.
Rx: BEAT TRANQLITAS, PLON in ex., F in l. field, B in r. field
R: Globe on altar inscribed VOT / IS / XX in three lines; above, three stars.

RIC VII.250 (C3), ex. Classical Numismatic Group
1 commentsPaul DiMarzio
BohemondIIIM25a.jpg
Billion denier , Bohemond III Minority 1149-1163 CE.12 viewsObverse: Bare head r., linear portrait square A and V. +BOAMVNDVS
Reverse: +ANTIOCHIA, cross pate's
Mint: Antioch
Date: 1149-63 CE
Malloy 25, Metcalf Class B, 243
17mm, .80g
wileyc
BohemondIIIm25.jpg
Billion denier , Bohemond III Minority 1149-1163 CE.17 viewsObverse: Bare head r., linear portrait square A and V. +BOAMVNDVS
Reverse: +ANTIOCHIA, cross pate's
Mint: Antioch
Date: 1149-63 CE
Malloy 25, Metcalf Class B, 243
17mm, .77g
wileyc
Birytos.jpg
Birytis - AE5 views350-250 BC
head of Kabeiros left wearing pileus
club within wreath; B_I / P_Y
It is classified as Greek (Troas) and belongs to JanBajer69@seznam.cz
SNG Cop 249; SNG Munchen 19, 170; SNG Tub 2574; BMC Troas p. 40, 6 - 7; SNGvA -
Johny SYSEL
Seal1.jpg
Black stone conoid seal, Iron age II.28 viewsA quadruped of a globolo class, 14mm height, 12mm diameter and 3.38 grams. First millenium BC!1 commentsCanaan
Clipboard7~5.jpg
Blastoid66 viewsBlastoids (Class Blastoidea) are an extinct type of stemmed echinoderm. Often called sea buds, blastoid fossils look like small hickory nuts. They originated, along with many other echinoderm classes, in the Ordovician period and reached their greatest diversity in the Mississippian subperiod of the Carboniferous period. However, some blastoids may have come from the Cambrian. Blastoids persisted until their extinction at the end of Permian, about 250 million years ago.1 commentsancientone
Boeotia_AR_Stater_395-338_BC.jpg
Boeotia, Thebes, 368-364 BC, AR Stater 9 viewsBoeotian shield.
Amphora, KA-BI across field.

BMC Central Greece p 83, 150; BDC Boiotia 539; Hepworth 61; Head, Boeotia p. 65; BMC p. 83, 150; SNG Copenhagen 339. Struck ca. 368 - 364 BC.

(20 mm, 12.14 g).
Classical Numismatic Group e-Auction 142, 28 June 2006, 21.
n.igma
thebes.jpg
BOEOTIA. Thebes. AR Stater.52 viewsCirca 425-400 B.C. AR Stater (12.08gm, 20mm, 5h). BCD Boiotia-388; Head Pg. 36-classy, pl. III#8; SNG Cop. 286. Obverse: Boeotian shield with club across lower half. Reverse: Volute amphora with fluted shoulders, Θ-E across fields, all within incuse square. Well struck on a very good metal. Struck in high relief. Scarce variety. Choice aEF.

Ex Pars Coins

The coins of Boeotia prominently feature the Boeotian shield on its obverse. This particular coin we have from the city-state of Thebes was minted between 425-400 B.C. during the Peloponnesian War. Thebes, at that time, alongside the rest of the 10 Boeotian poleis, sided with the Peloponnesian League under the hegemony of Sparta against the Athenian Empire. The Boeotian Confederation instituted a form of federal coinage based on the Aeginetic standard. A particular period of Theban coinage reached its numismatic artistic merit at around the same period that this coin was minted (425-400 B.C). Although the obverse always shows the shield, the reverse features the head of Dionysos, Herakles or a volute amphora. The amphora eventually became more popular after 400 B.C on the reverse of most Boeotian coin. Early staters showing the amphora on the reverse could be identified by a rounder vase and the city ethnic in the field and all are contained within a square incuse. Later coinage features the same amphora on the reverse and generally includes various magistrates name and less of the city’s ethnic and all are within a round incuse. The obverse also has a more distinct rounder shield on later coinage. At this later date in the mid- 4th century B.C. Thebes was the leading power in Greece and almost united all the Greek city states, freed Messene from Sparta and subdued the latter. Ironically, this paved the way for Macedonian conquest of Greece and in the process, destroyed Thebes and sold its population into slavery by Alexander the Great in 335 B.C.

1 commentsJason T
boh.jpg
Bohemond III (1163 - 1201 A.D.)37 viewsBI Denier
CRUSADERS, Antioch.
O: +B(•)AHVHDVS, helmeted and mailed bust left; crescent before, star behind.
R: + ANTI ♣ OCHIA, Cross pattée; crescent in second quadrant, trefoil in legend.
19mm
.98g
Metcalf Crusades 400; CCS 69 Class E or F. Malloy 69/70
5 commentsMat
Bramsen 0453.JPG
Bramsen 0453. Deputation des maires de Paris a Schoenbrunn, 1805.143 viewsObv. A winged, trumpet-blowing woman runs left, carrying a tablet behind her a pile of spoils of war. Signed in the left field, BRENET F, DE GERMANIS. // IMP VRBI SVAE.
Exergue: PRIMITIAE · BELLI · ARMA · ET · SIGNA · MILITARIA E · MANVBIIS · VERTINGENS CIVITATI · DONATA VI · ID · OCT · MDCCCV
Rev. On the right Napoleon and Murat in classical dress, at their feet a nymph with an urn, approaching from the left are two men, one offering a scroll PANNONIA · SVBACTA. // SCHOENBRUNN.
Exergue: AEDILES. PARIS. IMP. NEAPOLIONI. A. VICTORIA REDVCI IN. SVBVRBANO. CAESARVM GRATES. AGVUNT. PR. ID. DECEMBR. MDCCCV
68mm.

This medal was struck to commemorate the events following the Battle of Austerlitz in the First Austrian campaign, namely the fact that Austria was subdued and Vienna taken by French forces. 1805.
LordBest
Ornamental Pediment.jpg
Britain, Bath, Aquae Sulis, The Temple31 viewsThe Temple at Bath is one of only two truly classical temples known from Roman Britain. It was where the the cult statue of the goddess Sulis Minerva was thought to have been housed. Parts of the ornamental pediment survives and are displayed in the Baths Museum.maridvnvm
al~0.jpg
Bronze anonymous follis26 viewsBronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class K; S 1901, F, 5.760g, 26.9mm, 180o, Constantinople mint, obverse IC - XC, bust of Christ facing, with nimbus cruciger, wears pallium and colobium, raising right, Gospels in left, border of large pellets between lines; reverse MP - QV, the Virgin orans, standing facing 3/4 length, nimbate, wears pallium, and maphorium, border of large pellets between lines; scarce; Alexios
Bruttium_Lokroi_Epizephyrioi_SNG-ANS513.jpg
Bruttium, Lokroi Epizephyrioi.15 viewsBruttium, Lokroi Epizephyrioi. 350-375 BC. AR Stater (8.65 gm). Pegasus flying l., thunderbolt beneath. ΛΟΚΡΩΝ. / Head of Athena l. wearing Corinthian helmet. EF. Bt. Rare Coins & Classical Arts, NJ, 2000. SNG ANS 513-515; HN Italy 2342; HGC 1 1574; Pegasi 13; SNG Cop 1869; SNG Oxford 1547, 1551.Christian T
BRUTTIUM,_Rhegion_.jpg
BRUTTIUM, Rhegion. Circa 450-445 BC. AR Drachm.127 viewsAR Drachm (16.5mm, 3.64 g, 12h). Facing lion scalp; pellet to right / Iokastos seated left, holding scepter; all within laurel wreath. Herzfelder 19 (D12/R16); HN Italy 2478. VF, lightly toned, rough and scratched surfaces on reverse.

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 379 / Lot 38.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
4 commentsSam
Larissa_Bull_Wrestling_Large.jpg
Bull Wrestling Drachm96 viewsThessaly Greece, the City of Larissa

Obv: The hero Thessalos1 to r. naked, except for chlamys around his shoulders and petasos, flying in the air, attached to his neck by a cord, holding with both hands a band that is around the forehead of a bull leaping r. All within a border of dots (not here visible).
Rev: ΛΑΡΙ above, Σ to the r. (not here visible), ΙΑ below (not here visible), bridled horse with trailing rein prancing r., no ground line. All within incuse square.
Denomination: Silver Drachm; Mint: Larissa; Date: c. 420 - 400 BC2; Weight: 6.06g; Diameter: 18mm: Die axis: 270º; References, for example: HGC 4, 423 (same obv.); Lorber 2008, pl. 43, 59 (same dies); BCD Thessaly II 372.7 (same dies).

Notes:
1Considered the ancestor of all Thessalians. The figure is also sometimes considered to be Jason (of Jason and the Argonauts), who according to one tradition was the father of Thessalos (HGC 4, p. 132).
2This is the date given in HGC 4. According to Lorber 2008 this coin should be placed in the revived bull wrestling drachm coinage, beginning c. 450 - 440 BC.

This type is related to the Thessalian sport of bull wrestling (taurokathapsia) “...regularly showcased at the Taureia games honoring Poseidon Taureios.” (HGC 4, p. 132).

Provenance: from the BCD collection, reportedly found 8 kms west of Pharsalus, May 1997.

Photo credits: Shanna Schmidt Numismatics

Sources

BCD Thessaly II: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. The BCD Collection of the Coinage of Thessaly. Triton XV Auction. (3 January 2012, New York).
HGC: Hoover, Oliver D. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Greece: Achaia Phthiotis, Ainis, Magnesia, Malis, Oita, Perrhaibia, Thessaly, Akarnania, Aitolia, Lokris, Phokis, Boiotia, Euboia, Attica, Megaris, and Corinthia, Sixth to First Centuries BC, The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Vol. 4. Lancaster/London: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc, 2014.
Lorber, Catharine C. “Thessalian Hoards and the Coinage of Larissa” in American Journal of Numismatics, second series 20 (2008): 119 - 142.
7 commentsTracy Aiello
Basil_II___Constantine_VIII.jpg
Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class A3, Basil II & Constantine VIII, c. 1023 - 11 November 1028 A.D.134 viewsBronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class A3; SBCV 1818; Grierson ornaments 24a, gVF, well centered, excellent portrait detail but nose a bit flat, attractive toned bare metal, a few scratches, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, weight 9.833g, maximum diameter 27.5mm, die axis 180o, c. 1023 - 11 Nov 1028 A.D.; obverse + EMMANOVHL, facing nimbate bust of Christ, two pellets in each arm of the cross, pallium and colobium, holding gospels with both hands, to left IC, to right XC; reverse + IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE (Jesus Christ King of Kings), ornaments above and below legend;

The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.

FORVM Ancient Coins.

*A spectacular artistic portrait of Christ.
The Sam Mansourati Collection.
2 commentsSam
romanus.jpg
Byzantine Anonymous, time of Romanus III or Michael IV, AD 1028 - 104117 viewsAE Class B Follis, 31 x 28mm, 10.1g, 6h; Constantinople mint.
Obv.: EMMANOVHΛ, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, holding gospels with both hands, IC - XC (Jesus Christ) flanking across field.
Rev.: Cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS - XS (Jesus Christ) / bAS-ILE / bAS-ILE (King of Kings)
Reference: SBCV 1823.
Notes: sold to JB, 10/15/15.
John Anthony
michael_iv_class_c_follis.jpg
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - Anonymous Class C91 viewsAnonymous Follis Class C Michael IV Jesus Christ Class C Follis Attributed to Michael IV Obv: EMMANOVHA - Facing bust of Jesus Christ, holding nimbus cross and gospel Rev: IC-XC/ NI-KA - Short cross divides inscription into four equal parts Byzantine Empire AD 1034-1041 = D. Sear Byzantine Coinage and Their Values, p. 377, 1825 7.95 g. The coin was struck during the time the Byzantine emperor Michael IV (1034-1041 AD) and it is the basic denomination. Part of the coinage during this period was struck without the attribution of the emperor but as apotheos of the Christ. The obverse legend EMANUIL (in Greek) is from Hebrew (imanuil) meaning: The God is with us. The reverse is abbreviation IC = Isus = Jesus; XC = Hristo= Christ; NIKA = Nikator = Victor, Victorious. dpaul7
constantine viii.jpg
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - BASIL II & CONSTANTINE VIII183 viewsAnonymous follis class A2 Christ & 4 lines legend Attributed to the reign of Basil II & Constantine VIII. Obv.: Bust of Christ, facing, Wearing nimbus and holding book with Gospels. Rev.: Legend in four lines. Ref.: D. Sear. Byzantine coins and their values. p. 376 1813. 29 mm, 12.78 g. dpaul7