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Search results - "Carinus"
carinus_01_t.jpg
11 viewsoa
CarinusPietasAvg.jpg
33 viewsmarandnumiz
CarinusVirtvsAvgg.jpg
33 viewsmarandnumiz
CarinusPrincipiIvvent.jpg
58 views2 commentsmarandnumiz
carinus_emmett_4001.JPG
45 viewsCarinus
Alexandrian tetradrachm
A K M A KAPINOC CEB, Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Athena seated left on throne, with Nike on right hand and spear in left hand, shield beneath, LB across (year 2) 282-283AD
Emmett 4001, rated R3
1 commentstjaart
Carinus_AE.JPG
5 viewsAntonivs Protti
Carinus_RIC_295_ticinum.jpg
8 Carinus10 viewsCARINUS
BI Antoninianus. Ticinum mint, 283-285 A.D.
IMP CARINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / FELICIT PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left with cauduceus, leaning on column, TXXI in ex.
RIC 295, Cohen 24
Sosius
Carinus_RIC_160.jpg
8 Carinus36 viewsCARINUS
AE Antoninianus, Rome mint
283-285 A.D.
M AVR CARINVS CAES, radiate and cuirassed bust r. / PRINCIPI IVVENT, Carinus standing left, standard in right hand, scepter in left hand, KA epsilon in ex.
RIC 160
Sosius
Carinus_RIC_295_no_2.jpg
8 Carinus23 viewsCARINUS
BI Antoninianus. Ticinum mint, 283 AD
IMP CARINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / FELICIT PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left with cauduceus, leaning on column, TXXI in ex.
RIC 295c, Cohen 24. gVF
Ex Othilla Coins
Sosius
Carinus_RIC_157c.jpg
8 Carinus42 viewsCARINUS
BI Antoninianus. Rome mint, 282 AD
M AVR CARINVS NOB C, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust r. / PIETAS AVGG, sacrificial implements (sprinkler, simpulum, jug, patera, knife and lituus), KAZ in ex.
RIC 157c. gVF. Ex Othilla Coins
Sosius
Carinus_RIC_152c.jpg
8 Carinus15 viewsCARINUS
BI Antoninianus. Lugdunum mint, 282 AD
CARINVS NOBIL CAES Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / SAECVLI FELICITAS Carinus standing right with globe and spear. Retrograde D in r. field
RIC 152c. aVF. Ex Othilla Coins
Sosius
carinus238.jpg
Carinus, RIC V 238 Rome19 viewsCarinus AE Antoninianus .
Obverse: IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: AEQVITAS AVGG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
KAZ in ex. Rome mint, 21.9 mm., 3.0 g.
NORMAN K
061817.jpg
Carinus, RIC V 251 Rome18 viewsCarinus AE Antoninianus .
Obverse: IMP C M AVR CARINVS PF AVG, radiate, draped &cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, flanked by a standard in each haand.
KAE in ex. Rome mint, 23 mm., 2.6 g.
NORMAN K
carinus_potin_res.jpg
(0283) CARINUS29 views283 - 285 AD
struck 282/283 AD (reignal year 1)
Potin Tetradrachm 19 mm, 7.86 g.
O: A KMA KAPINOC K, laureate and cuirassed bust right
R: Eagle standing between two standards, LA above.
Alexandria
Köln 3170; Dattari 5578; Milne 4679; Curtis 1913
laney
CARINUS_ALEXANDRIA.jpg
(0283) CARINUS35 views283 - 285 AD
(Struck Year 3=284 AD)
AE Tetradrachm 18 mm 5.42 g
O: A K MA KA_PINOC CEB Laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: ETOVC Homonoia standing facing, head left, right hand raised, double cornucopiae in left
Gamma &G; in right field
Alexandria, Egypt
Emmett 4009; Milne 4737; Curtis 1522; BMC 2455
laney
CARINUS.jpg
(0283) CARINUS28 views283 - 285 AD
AE SILVERED ANT. 20 mm 3.96 g
O: IMP C M R CARINVS PF AVG
RAD BUST R
R: VIRTVS AVGG
CARINUS RECEIVING VICTORY ON GLOBE FROM CARUS, STAR ABOVE, B BETWEEN
XXI IN EXE
ANTIOCH
(much silvering intact)
(J.Ryan)
laney
carinus_9_25_10.jpg
(0283) CARINUS20 views283 - 285 AD
AE Antoninianus 20 mm 3.89 g
O: IMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG. radiate and cuirassed bust of Carinus right
R: Carinus standing right, receiving crowning Victory from Carus standing left, each holding scepter, Z in field below, * above, XXI in exergue
Antioch mint, (Antakya, Turkey), 6th officina RIC 325
laney
carinus_aequ_res.jpg
(0283) CARINUS16 views283 - 285 AD
Billon AE Ant. 23 mm 3.42 g
O: IMP CARINVS AVG radiate bust right
R: AEQVITAS AVG Aequitas left holding scapes and cornucopia; KAZ in exe.
Rome mint
laney
carinus_alexandria_res_a.jpg
(0283) CARINUS--ALEXANDRIA34 views283 - 285 AD
BI POTIN TETRADRACHM 19 mm 6.70 g
O: A K M A KAPINOC CEB laureate and cuirassed bust right
R: L-B around Elpis standing left holding flower and hem of skirt
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
Emmett 4007
laney
Carus_ant.jpg
021 - Carus (282-283 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 12541 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR CARVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS AVGGG, emperor standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from person (Jupiter or maybe Carinus or Numerian) standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Antioch (* S in field, XXI in exe), officina six.
pierre_p77
Carinus_ant.jpg
022 - Carinus (283-285 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 32934 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS AVGG, emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter (or Carus), standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Tripolis (* and TR in field, XXI in exe).
pierre_p77
CarinusAnt.JPG
051. Carinus, 283-285AD. BI Antoninianus56 viewsAE Antoninianus. Siscia.

Obv. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES

Rev. Fides standing left holding two standards, star P in right field FIDES MILITVM, XXI in ex.

CHEF. Rare, possibly unpublished variant.
2 commentsLordBest
058.jpg
054 Carinus9 viewsEMPEROR: Carinus
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Carinus to right, seen from front
REVERSE: AEQVITAS AVGG; Aequitas standing left, holding scales in her right hand and cornucopiae with her left; A in right field
DATE: 283-284 AD
MINT: Lugdunum
WEIGHT: 3.70 g
RIC: V-2.212
BASTIEN: 533 (58 EX.)
Barnaba6
Personajes_Imperiales_9.jpg
09 - Personalities of the Empire53 viewsSaturninus, Carus, Carinus, Urbica, Nigrinianus, Numerianus, Diocletian, Maximian, Carausius, Allectus, Constantius I, Theodora, Galerius and Galeria Valeriamdelvalle
Personajes_Imperiales_9~0.jpg
09 - Personalities of the Empire33 viewsCarinus, Magnia Urbica, Nigrinianus, Numerianus, Diocletian, Maximian, Carausius, Allectus, Constantius I, Theodora, Galerius, Galeria Valeria, Severus II and Maxentiusmdelvalle
104a.jpg
104a Carinus. bill.antoninianus17 viewsobv: IMP CM AVR CARINVS PF AVG rad.cuir. bust r.
rev: VIRTVS AVGG emp. std. r. holding scepter and receiving victory on globe
from Jupiter or Carus std. l. holding scepter
ex: r/XXI
hill132
Numerianus_AE-Ant_M-AVR-NVMERIANVS-NOB-C_VIRTVS-A-VG-G_Gamma_XXI_RIC-V-II-377(C)_p-_Siscia-2b-emiss-3rd-off_282-AD_Q-001_6h_21-22mm_4,23ga-s.jpg
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 377, Siscia, Γ//XXI, Bust-C, VIRTVS AVG G, Numerian and Carinus,143 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 377, Siscia, Γ//XXI, Bust-C, VIRTVS AVG G, Numerian and Carinus,
avers: M-AVR-NVMERIANVS-NOB-C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. (C)
revers: VIRTVS-A-VG-G, Numerian and Carinus holding Victory on Globe.
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 4,59g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd-bemiss_3rd. off, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 377C, p-,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_461A_Numerianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-NVMERIANVS-P-F-AVG_VOTA-PVBLICA_SMSXXIGamma_RIC-V-II-461(A)_p-200_Sis--6-em-3-off_284-AD_Sc_Q-001_1h_22mm_3,39g-s.jpg
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 461, Siscia, -/-//SMSXXIΓ, Bust-A, VOTA PVBLICA, Numerian and Carinus standing, Scarce!135 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 461, Siscia, -/-//SMSXXIΓ, Bust-A, VOTA PVBLICA, Numerian and Carinus standing, Scarce!
avers:- IMP-C-NVMERIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped, bust right, seen from behind. (A)
revers:- VOTA-PVBLICA, Numerian and Carinus standing, facing each other, each sacrificing over altar and holding a standard.
exerg: -/-//SMSXXIΓ, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 1h,
mint: Siscia, 6th emission,3rd. off, date: 284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 461A, p-200, C-122, Scarce!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_V-II_466C_Numerianus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_NVMERIANVS_P_F_AVG,_VIRTVS_AV_G_G,_AXXI,_p-202,_Antioch-4th-em,_284-AD_Q-001_7h_18,5-20,5mm_3,52gx-s.jpg
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 466C, Antioch, A//XXI, Bust-C, VIRTVS AVG G, Numerian and Carinus,98 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 466C, Antioch, A//XXI, Bust-C, VIRTVS AVG G, Numerian and Carinus,
avers:- IMP C M AVR NVMERIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. (C)
revers:- VIRTVS AV G G, Numerian and Carinus holding Victory on Globe.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: 18,5-20,5mm, weight: 3,52g, axes: 7h,
mint: Antioch, 4th. em., date: 284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 466 (C), p-202,
Q-001
quadrans
Numerianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-NVMERIANVS-P-F-AVG_VIRTVS-A-VG-G_Gamma_XXI_RIC-V-II-467var(bustF)_p-202_Antioch(Siscia)-3rd-off_283-4-AD_Q-001_0h_21-22,5mm_4,59ga-s.jpg
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 467var, Siscia, Γ//XXI, Bust-F, VIRTVS AVG G, Numerian and Carinus,89 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 467var, Siscia, Γ//XXI, Bust-F, VIRTVS AVG G, Numerian and Carinus,
avers:- IMP C NVMERIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- VIRTVS A VG G, Numerian and Carinus holding Victory on Globe.
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 4,59g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 3rd. off, date: 283 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 467var (F), p-202, (RIC described this coin in Antioch, and not in F bust!).
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_155C_Carinus_AE-Ant_M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES_PIETAS-AVG-G_KAZ_RIC-V-II-155c-p-157-7th-off_Rome_282-83-AD_Q-001_5h_21,5mm_3,62g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 155C, Rome, -/-//ZKA, PIETAS AVG G, Sacrificial implements, #176 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 155C, Rome, -/-//ZKA, PIETAS AVG G, Sacrificial implements, #1
avers:- M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PIETAS-AVG-G, Sacrificial implements.
exerg: -/-//ZKA, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 6,62g, axes:5 h,
mint: Rome, 7th officina, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 155C, p-157,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_158C_Carinus_AE-Ant_M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES_PRINCIP-I-IVV-ENTVT_EKA_RIC-V-II-158C_p-158-1st-emiss_Rome_282-AD_Q-001_11h_20-21mm_3,08g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158C, Rome, -/-//EKA, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left, #184 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158C, Rome, -/-//EKA, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left, #1
avers: M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers: PRINCIP I IVV ENTVT, Prince standing left holding ensign and scepter.
exerg: -/-//EKA, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,08g, axes:11h,
mint: Rome, 2nd. emiss, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 158C, p-158,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_158C_Carinus,_AE-Ant,_M_AVR_CARINVS_NOB_CAES,_PRINCI_PI_IV_VENTVT,_EKA,_p-158-2nd_-emiss_Rome_282-AD_Q-002_6h_21,5-22,5mm_3,52ga-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158C, Rome, -/-//EKA, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left, #297 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158C, Rome, -/-//EKA, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left, #2
avers: M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers: PRINCI PI IV VENTVT, Prince standing left holding ensign and scepter.
exerg: -/-//EKA, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,52g, axes:6h,
mint: Rome, 2nd. emiss, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 158C, p-158,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_V-II_197F_Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C-(F)_PRINCIP-I-IVVENT_T_XXI_RIC-V-II-197v_-p-162-2nd-emiss_Siscia_282-AD_Q-001_5h_20,5-22mm_3,49g-sx~0.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 197F, Siscia, -/T//XXI, PRINCIPI IVVENT, Carinus standing left, #1107 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 197F, Siscia, -/T//XXI, PRINCIPI IVVENT, Carinus standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers: PRINCIP-I-IVVENT, Carinus standing left with Baton and Spear. "T" in the right field.
exerg: -/T//XXI, diameter: 20,5-22mm, weight: 3,49g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd.em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-197F, p-162,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_206F_Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP_C_M_AVR_CARINVS_NOB_C_(F),_VIRTVS_AVG_G,_Gamma_XXI,_1th_em_Antioch_282-AD_Q-001_7h_20,5-23,0mm_3,42g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Antioch, Γ//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1104 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Antioch, Γ//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR CARINVS NOB C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers:- VIRT VS A VG G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). Γ in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 20,5-23,0mm, weight: 3,42g, axes: 7h,
mint: Antioch, em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 206F, p-164,
Q-001
quadrans
Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C-(F)_VIRTVS-AVG-G_B_XXI_RIC-V-II-206-p-164-9th-off_Siscia,_282-83-AD_Q-001_5h_22mm_3,58ga-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #173 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers:- VIRT-VS-A-VG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). B in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,58g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-206F, p-164,
Q-001
quadrans
Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C-(F)_VIRTVS-AVG-G_B_XXI_RIC-V-II-206-p-164-9th-off_Siscia_282-83-AD_Q-002_0h_21mm_3,24gx-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #266 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #2
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers:- VIRT-VS-A-VG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). B in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,24g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-206F, p-164,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_V-II_212C_Carinus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_CARINVS_AVG,_AEQVIT_AS_AVG,_-A,_Lugdunum,__282-83_AD,_Q-001,_2h,_19,5-23mm,_3,48g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 212C, Lugdunum, -/A//--, AEQVITAS AVG, Equity standing left, #164 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 212C, Lugdunum, -/A//--, AEQVITAS AVG, Equity standing left, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG (3F), Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: AEQVITAS AVG, Equity standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exergue: -/A//--, diameter: 19,5-23,0mm, weight: 3,48g, axes: 2h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 282-3 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 212C, p-169,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-CARINVS-PF-AVG-(3F)_AEQVITAS-AVG_KAZ_RIC-V-II-236F-p-169_5th-off-Rome_284-AD_Q-001_0h_22mm_3,18ga-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 236F, Rome, -/-//KAZ, AEQVITAS AVG, Equity standing left,102 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 236F, Rome, -/-//KAZ, AEQVITAS AVG, Equity standing left,
avers:- IMP CARINVS P F AVG (3F), Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- AEQVITAS AVG, Equity standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exerg: -/-//KAZ, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,18g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, 5th officina, date: 284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 236F, p-169,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_239F_Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-CARINVS-P-F-AVG-(3F)_AEQVITAS-AVGG_KAZ_RIC-V-II-239F-p-_4th-em_-Rome_283-AD_Q-001_6h_21,5-22,2mm_3,68g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 239F, Rome, -/-//KAZ, AEQVITAS AVG G, Equity standing left,125 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 239F, Rome, -/-//KAZ, AEQVITAS AVG G, Equity standing left,
avers:- IMP CARINVS P F AVG (3F), Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- AEQVITAS AVG G, Equity standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exerg: -/-//KAZ, diameter: 21,5-22,2mm, weight: 3,68g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, 4th emiss., date: 283 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 239F, p-169,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
RIC_V-II_253F,_Carinus,_AE-Ant_,_IMP_CARINVS_P_F_AVG,_FIDES_MILITVM,_KAE,_Rome,_283-85_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_21,5-22mm,_3,15g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 253F, Rome, -/-//KAЄ, FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, #186 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 253F, Rome, -/-//KAЄ, FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, #1
avers: IMP CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left with a standard in each hand.
exergue: -/-//KAЄ, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight:3,15g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 283-285 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 253F, p-,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
RIC_V-II_261F,_Carinus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_CARINVS_P_F_AVG,_LAETITIA_FVND,_KAGamma,_p_5th_em-Rome_284-AD_Q-001_0h_21,5-24,0mm_4,27g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 261F, Rome, -/-//KAΓ, LAETITIA FVND, Laetitia standing left,120 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 261F, Rome, -/-//KAΓ, LAETITIA FVND, Laetitia standing left,
avers:- IMP CARINVS P F AVG , Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- LAETITIA FVND, Laetitia standing left holding rudder.
exerg: -/-//KAΓ, diameter: 21,5-24,0mm, weight:4,27g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, 5th emission, date: 284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 261F, p-,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Carinus_RIC-V-II-262-_0h_22-23mm_3,36g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 262F, Rome, -/-//KAυς, ORIENS AVG, Sol advancing left,65 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 262F, Rome, -/-//KAυς, ORIENS AVG, Sol advancing left,
avers:- IMP-CARINVS-PF-AVG-(3F), Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- ORIENS-AVG, Sol advancing left, raising hand and holding whip.
exerg: -/-//KAυς, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,36g, axes:0 h,
mint: Rome, 7th officina, date: A.D., ref: RIC V-II 262F, p-171,
Q-001
quadrans
Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-CARINVS-P-F-AVG(C)_FELICIT_PVBLICA_T-XXI_RIC-V-II-295c-p-175_6th-off_Ticinum_-AD_Q-001_6h_21-23,5mm_3,14ga-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 295c, Ticinum, -/-//TXXI, FELICIT PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left, #1119 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 295c, Ticinum, -/-//TXXI, FELICIT PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left, #1
avers:- IMP CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right (C)
revers:- FELICIT PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left, legs crossed, leaning on column, holding caduceus.
exerg: -/-//TXXI, diameter: 21-23,5mm, weight: 3,14g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, date: A.D., ref: RIC V-II-295c, p-175,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_295C_Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-CARINVS-P-F-AVG(C)_FELICIT_PVBLICA_T-XXI_RIC-V-II-295c-p-175_6th-off_Ticinum_-AD_Q-002_h_mm_g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 295c, Ticinum, -/-//TXXI, FELICIT PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left, #2138 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 295c, Ticinum, -/-//TXXI, FELICIT PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left, #2
avers:- IMP CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right (C)
revers:- FELICIT PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left, legs crossed, leaning on column, holding caduceus.
exerg: -/-//TXXI, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 3,55g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, date: A.D., ref: RIC V-II-295c, p-175,
Q-002
3 commentsquadrans
RIC_V-II_314F_Carinus_AE-Ant_M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES_VIRTVS-AVG-G_A_XXI_RIC-V--p-RIC-T--rd-off-iss-_Siscia_271-AD__Q-001_-h_23-24mm_4,21ga-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, A//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor, and Jupiter, #167 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, A//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F)
reverse: VIRTVS AVG G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). A lower in the center, XXI in ex.
exergue: A//XXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 5th. em., date: 285 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 314F,
Q-001
quadrans
115_Carinus,_Siscia,_RIC_V-II_314F,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_CARINVS_P_F_AVG,_IOVI_CONSER,_B,_SMSXXI,_6th__em_,_284_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_21-23mm,_3,57g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, B//SMSXXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor, and Jupiter, #196 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, B//SMSXXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F)
reverse: IOVI CONSER, Carinus standing right receiving Globe from Jupiter standing left.
exergue: B//SMSXXI, diameter: 21,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,57g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 6th. em., date: 284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 314F,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-P-F-AVG_VOTA-PVBLICA_SMS-XXI-B_RIC-V-I-315F-p-_6th-emiss_Siscia_284-AD_Q-001_0-h_20,5-21,5mm_3,29gx-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 315F, Siscia, -/-//SMSXXIB, VOTA PVBLICA, Carinus and Numerian,71 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 315F, Siscia, -/-//SMSXXIB, VOTA PVBLICA, Carinus and Numerian,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-PF-AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F)
revers:- VOTA-PVBLICA, Carinus and Numerian stg. left and right, holding standards, sacrificing over tripod.
exerg: -/-//SMSXXIB, diameter: 20,5-21,5mm, weight: 3,29g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-315F, p-177,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_327F_Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-P-F-AVG-(F)_VIRTVS-AV_-GG_E_XXI_RIC-V-II-325F-3rd-em_Antioch_283-AD_Q-001_5h_19-20mm_4,02g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 325F, Antioch, *E//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1163 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 325F, Antioch, *E//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F)
revers: VIRTVS-AVG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). Star over victory, E in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: *E//XXI, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 4,02g, axes: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 3rd. emiss. date: 283 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-325F,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
RIC_V-II_---C_Carinus_AE-Ant_M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES_PROVIDENTIA-AVG_II_XXI_RIC-V--p-RIC-T--rd-off-iss-_Siscia_271-AD_Q-001_h_23-24mm_4,21g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in RIC, Siscia, -/II//XXI, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left,66 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in RIC, Siscia, -/II//XXI, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left,
avers: M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers: PROVIDENTIA-AVG, -/II/XXI, Providentia standing left, holding globe, and sceptre (tranverse), II in right field.
exerg: -/II//XXI, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 4,21g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 1st issue, 2nd officina, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II Not in RIC, ,
Q-001
quadrans
DiocleAnt.jpg
1301a, Diocletian, 284-305 A.D. (Antioch)94 viewsDIOCLETIAN (284 – 305 AD) AE Antoninianus, 293-95 AD, RIC V 322, Cohen 34. 20.70 mm/3.1 gm, aVF, Antioch. Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust right, draped & cuirassed; Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian, I/XXI. Early Diocletian with dusty earthen green patina.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
DicletianConcordCyz.jpg
1301b, Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D.59 viewsDiocletian. RIC V Part II Cyzicus 256 var. Not listed with pellet in exegrue
Item ref: RI141f. VF. Minted in Cyzicus (B in centre field, XXI dot in exegrue)Obverse:- IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter.
A post reform radiate of Diocletian. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


Cleisthenes
RI 137h img.jpg
137 - Carinus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 150 Bust Type C17 viewsObv:– CARINVS NOBIL CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left holding globe and inverted spear
Minted in Lugdunum (Retrograde C in left field). Emission 4, Officina 3. 1st Quarter A.D. 283
Reference:– Cohen 92. Bastien 516 (9 examples cited). RIC 150 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 137i img.jpg
137 - Carinus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 152 Bust Type C9 viewsObv:– CARINVS NOBIL CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SAECVLI FELICITAS, Prince standing right holding spear and globe
Minted in Lugdunum (D in right field). Emission 4, Officina 4. 1st Quarter A.D. 283
Reference:– RIC 152 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 137b img.jpg
137 - Carinus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 21246 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (A in right field)
Reference:– Cohen 8. Bastien 533. RIC 212 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI_137l_img.jpg
137 - Carinus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 21211 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (A in right field)
Reference:– Cohen 8. Bastien 533. RIC 212 Bust type C

Weight 3.84g. 23.55mm.
maridvnvm
RI 137j img.jpg
137 - Carinus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 216 Bust Type C19 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SALVS AVGG, Salus standing right, feeding snake
Minted in Lugdunum (_|D / LVG), Emission 7, Officina 4. early A.D. 284
Reference:– RIC 216 Bust Type C. Bastien 585

Ex. P. Gysen
maridvnvm
RI 137d img~0.jpg
137 - Carinus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 216 var28 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, Radiate, bust right in imperial mantle
Rev:– SALVS AVGG, Salus standing right, feeding snake
Minted in Lugdunum (_|D / LVG), Emission 7, Officina 4. early A.D. 284
Reference:– RIC 216 var (not listed with this bust type in RIC). Cohen -. Bastien 574 (1 example cited)

This would appear to be only the second example if this bust type for Carinus known.
maridvnvm
RI_137e_img.jpg
137 - Carinus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 216 var24 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, Radiate, bust right in imperial mantle
Rev:– SALVS AVGG, Salus standing right, feeding snake
Minted in Lugdunum (_|D / LVG), Emission 7, Officina 4. early A.D. 284
Reference:– RIC 216 var (not listed with this bust type in RIC). Cohen -. Bastien 574 (1 example cited)

This would appear to be only the second example of this bust type for Carinus known.
maridvnvm
RI 137g img.jpg
137 - Carinus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 220 Bust Type C 14 viewsObv:– IMP CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VICTORIA AVGG, Victory walking right, on globe, holding wreath and palm
Minted in Lugdunum (_|A), Emission 9, Officina 1. Summer A.D. 284
Reference:– RIC 220 Bust type C. Cohen 151. Bastien 612 (27 examples cited)

Ex-Forvm
maridvnvm
RI 137f img.jpg
137 - Carinus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 222 Bust Type C15 viewsObv:– IMP CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VICTORIA AVGG, Victory walking right, on globe, holding wreath and palm
Minted in Lugdunum (_|A), Emission 5, Officina 1. April A.D. 283
Reference:– RIC 222 Bust type C. Cohen 143. Bastien 537 (2 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 137d img.jpg
137 - Carinus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 223 Bust Type C10 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus standing right, holding staff and parazonium, foot on helmet
Minted in Lugdunum (_|A / LVG), Emission 7, Officina 1. early A.D. 284
Reference:– RIC 223 Bust type C. Cohen 173. Bastien 577 (9 examples cited)

Ex Vel Garnett Collection
maridvnvm
RI_137k_img.jpg
137 - Carinus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 223 Bust Type C21 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus standing right, holding staff and parazonium, foot on helmet
Minted in Lugdunum (_|A (clogged) / LVG), Emission 7, Officina 1. early A.D. 284
Reference:– RIC 223 Bust type C. Cohen 173. Bastien 577 (9 examples cited)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 137c img.jpg
137 - Carinus Ant. - RIC 247 Bust Type C42 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– AETERNIT AVGG, Aeternitas standing left, holding globe surmounted by pheonix
Minted in Rome (KAG in exe.) early Sept. A.D. 283-early Jan. A.D. 284
Reference:– Cohen 16, RIC 247 Bust type C. Gricourt, Venera Hoard, 2709-2771 (63 specimens) One of the specimens illustrated has a small Aeternitas like this example and may even be from the same reverse die.
maridvnvm
GI 137a img.jpg
137 - Carinus, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Eagle with standards, Milne 466722 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– A K M A KAPINOC K, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Fortuna/ Tyche crowned with modius, wearing long chiton and peplios, standing left resting right hand on rudder and holding cornucopiae in left hand.
Minted in Alexandria (LA in upper left field). A.D. 283
Reference:– Curtis 1927, BMC 2448, Milne 4667
maridvnvm
GI 137b img.jpg
137 - Carinus, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Eagle with standards, Milne 467916 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– A K M A KAPINOC K, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Eagle standing left between vexilla, wings open, head turned back, wreath in beak.
Minted in Alexandria (LA in upper field). A.D. 283
Reference:– Curtis 1913, BMC 2449, Milne 4679
maridvnvm
IMG_4901.JPG
147. Carinus (283-285 A.D.)41 viewsAv.: IMP CARINVS PF AVG
Rv.: FELICIT PVBLICA
Ex.: QXXI

AE Antoninian Ø21 / 3.7g
RIC V-2 295 Ticinum
Material appears to be bronze
1 commentsJuancho
CarusAntClementia.jpg
1dp Carus24 views282-283

AE antoninianus

Radiate draped bust, right, IMP C M AVR CARVS P F AVG
Emperor standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, G between, XXI in ex, CLEMENTIA TEMP

RIC 118

The Historia Augusta recorded: Let us, rather, pass on to Carus, a mediocre man, so to speak, but one to be ranked with the good rather than the evil princes, yet a better ruler by far, had he not left Carinus to be his heir. . . . In regard to Cams' birthplace there is such divergence of statement among the various writers that by reason of the very great difference among them I am unable to tell what it really was. . . . He, then, after rising through the various civil and military grades, as the inscriptions on his statues show, was made prefect of the guard by Probus, and he won such affection among the soldiers that when Probus, that great emperor, was slain, he alone seemed wholly worthy of the imperial power. I am not unaware that many have suspected and, in fact, have put it into the records that Probus was slain by the treachery of Carus. This, however, neither the kindness of Probus toward Carus nor Carus' own character will permit us to believe, and there is the further reason that he avenged the death of Probus with the utmost severity and steadfastness. . . .

[Zonaras adds: Another war against Galienus was incited by Macrinus, who, having two sons, Macrianus and Quintus, attempted a usurpation. Because he was lame in one leg, he did not don the imperial mantle, but clad his sons in it.]

And so. . . , as soon as he received the imperial power, by the unanimous wish of all the soldiers he took up the war against the Persians for which Probus had been preparing. He gave to his sons the name of Caesar, planning to despatch Carinus, with some carefully selected men, to govern the provinces of Gaul, and to take along with himself Numerian, a most excellent and eloquent young man. . . . [H]e conquered Mesopotamia and advanced as far as Ctesiphon; and while the Persians were busied with internal strife he won the name of Conqueror of Persia. But when he advanced still further, desirous himself of glory and urged on most of all by his prefect, who in his wish to rule was seeking the destruction of both Carus and his sons as well, he met his death, according to some, by disease, according to others, through a stroke of lightning.

Zonaras wrote: He was a Gaul by ancestry, but brave and accomplished in matters of warfare. The account of his death has been variously composed by those who have done historical research. Some say that, having campaigned against the Huns, he was killed there. Others say that he was encamped by the River Tigris and that there, in the place where his army had thrown up a palisade, his tent was struck by lightning, and they record that, along with it, he too was destroyed.
Blindado
CarinusAntAeq.jpg
1dr Carinus13 views283-285

AE antoninianus

Radiate draped & cuirassed bust, right, IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG
Aequitas stg. Left, AEQVITAS AVGG

RIC 238

According to the Historia Augusta: He was the most polluted of men, an adulterer and a constant corrupter of youth. . . . He was left by his father as Caesar in Gaul and Italy and in Illyricum, Spain, Britain, and Africa, all of which had been voted to him, and he exercised there a Caesar's powers, but with the permission to perform all the duties of an Augustus. Then he defiled himself by unwonted vices and inordinate depravity. . . . He appeared in public as consul contrary to his father's wish. He wrote arrogant letters to the senate, and he even promised the senate's property to the mob of the city of Rome, as though it, forsooth, were the Roman people. By marrying and divorcing he took nine wives in all, and he put away some even while they were pregnant. He filled the Palace with actors and harlots, pantomimists, singers and pimps. He had such an aversion for the signing of state-papers that he appointed for signing them a certain filthy fellow, with whom he used always to jest at midday, and then he reviled him because he could imitate his writing so well. . . .

When he learned that his father had been killed by lightning and his brother slain by his own father-in-law, and that Diocletian had been hailed as Augustus, Carinus committed acts of still greater vice and crime, as though now set free and released by the death of his kindred from all the restraints of filial duty. He did not, however, lack strength of purpose for claiming the imperial power. For he fought many battles against Diocletian, but finally, being defeated in a fight near Margus, he perished.
Blindado
MagniaUrbicaAntVenus.jpg
1dr2 Magnia Urbica3 viewsWife of Carinus

AE Antoninianus

Diademed & draped bust right, resting on crescent, right, MAGNIA VRBICA AVG
Venus standing left, leaning against shield, & holding helmet in right hand, scepter in left VENVS VICTRIX

RIC 347
Blindado
DiocletianAntConcordMil.jpg
1ds Diocletian13 views284-305

AE antoninianus

Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust, right, IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Zeus and Diocletian, CONCORDIA MILITVM

RIC 284B

According to the Historia Augusta, after the death of Numerian: Then a huge assembly was held and a tribunal, too, was constructed. And when the question was asked who would be the most lawful avenger of Numerian and who could be given to the commonwealth as a good emperor, then all, with a heaven-sent unanimity, conferred the title of Augustus on Diocletian. . . . He was at this time in command of the household-troops, an outstanding man and wise, devoted to the commonwealth, devoted to his kindred, duly prepared to face whatever the occasion demanded, forming plans that were always deep though sometimes over-bold, and one who could by prudence and exceeding firmness hold in check the impulses of a restless spirit. This man, then, having ascended the tribunal was hailed as Augustus, and when someone asked how Numerian had been slain, he drew his sword and pointing to Aper, the prefect of the guard, he drove it through him, saying as he did so, "It is he who contrived Numerian's death.''

Eutropius summarized a long and important reign: DIOCLETIAN, a native of Dalmatia, [was] of such extremely obscure birth, that he is said by most writers to have been the son of a clerk, but by some to have been a freedman of a senator named Anulinus. . . . He soon after overthrew Carinus, who was living under the utmost hatred and detestation, in a great battle at Margum, Carinus being betrayed by his own troops, for though he had a greater number of men than the enemy, he was altogether abandoned by them between Viminacium and mount Aureus. He thus became master of the Roman empire; and when the peasants in Gaul made an insurrection, giving their faction the name of Bagaudae, and having for leaders Amandus and Aelianus, he despatched Maximian Herculius, with the authority of Caesar, to suppress them. Maximian, in a few battles of little importance, subdued the rustic multitude, and restored peace to Gaul. . . .

Diocletian promoted MAXIMIAN HERCULIUS from the dignity of Caesar to that of emperor, and created Constantius and Maximian Galerius Caesars, of whom Constantius is said to have been the grand-nephew of Claudius by a daughter, and Maximian Galerius to have been born in Dacia not far from Sardica. That he might also unite them by affinity, Constantius married Theodora the step-daughter of Herculius, by whom he had afterwards six children, brothers to Constantine; while Galerius married Valeria, the daughter of Diocletian; both being obliged to divorce the wives that they had before. . . .

Diocletian, meanwhile, besieging Achilleus in Alexandria, obliged him to surrender about eight months after, and put him to death. He used his victory, indeed, cruelly, and distressed all Egypt with severe proscriptions and massacres. Yet at the same time he made many judicious arrangements and regulations, which continue to our own days. . . .

Diocletian was of a crafty disposition, with much sagacity, and keen penetration. He was willing to gratify his own disposition to cruelty in such a way as to throw the odium upon others; he was however a very active and able prince. He was the first that introduced into the Roman empire a ceremony suited rather to royal usages than to Roman liberty, giving orders that he should be adored, whereas all emperors before him were only saluted. He put ornaments of precious stones on his dress and shoes, when the imperial distinction had previously been only in the purple robe, the rest of the habit being the same as that of other men. . . .

But when Diocletian, as age bore heavily upon him, felt himself unable to sustain the government of the empire, he suggested to Herculius that they should both retire into private life, and commit the duty of upholding the state to more vigorous and youthful hands. With this suggestion his colleague reluctantly complied. Both of them, in the same day, exchanged the robe of empire for an ordinary dress, Diocletian at Nicomedia, Herculius at Milan, soon after a magnificent triumph which they celebrated at Rome over several nations, with a noble succession of pictures, and in which the wives, sisters, and children of Narseus were led before their chariots. The one then retired to Salonae, and the other into Lucania.

Diocletian lived to an old age in a private station, at a villa which is not far from Salonae, in honourable retirement, exercising extraordinary philosophy, inasmuch as he alone of all men, since the foundation of the Roman empire, voluntarily returned from so high a dignity to the condition of private life, and to an equality with the other citizens. That happened to him, therefore, which had happened to no one since men were created, that, though he died in a private condition, he was enrolled among the gods.
Blindado
2014-088-1_CarinusRomeAequitasAvg-Forum.jpg
2014.088.128 viewsRome, 3.28 g; 12h

Obverse: IMP CARINVS PF AVG; Radiate, cuirassed, bust right.
Reverse: AEQVITAS AVG; -/-//KAZ; Aequitas, standing left, holding scales in right hand and cornucopia in left.
Ref: RIC V,2 236
gordian_guy
22026a.jpg
22026 Carus/Victory10 viewsCarus/Victory
Obv: IMP C M AVR CARVS P F AVG,
Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Rev: VIRTVS AVGGG,
Carinus or Numerian receiving Victory from Carus, star above, Delta below centre XXI in exergue
Mint:Antioch 21.8mm 3.1g
RIC 125
Blayne W
22049.jpg
22049 Carinus/Victory8 viewsCarinus/Victory
A.D. 283-285. AE antoninianus Struck A.D. 283.
Rev: IMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG,
radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev: VIRTVS AVGGG,
Carinus standing right, receiving Victory from Jupiter, standing left;
star above S in field, XXI in exergue.
Mint: Antioch 20.1mm 4.3g
RIC 327 corr. (star in upper field)Scarce.
Blayne W
carinus tdrachm-.jpg
283-285 AD - CARINUS (as Caesar) AE Tetradrachm 22 viewsobv: A K M A KA-PINOC CEB, laureate & cuirassed bust right
rev: LA above eagle standing facing between two vexilla, head right with wreath in its beak
ref: Milne 4679
mint: Alexandria, struck 283 AD
7.14gms, 19mm
berserker
carinus RIC150.jpg
283-285 AD - CARINUS (as Caesar) antoninianus16 viewsobv: CARINVS.NOBIL.CAES (radiate & cuirassed bust right)
rev: PRINCIPI.IVVENTVT (Carinus standing left, holding globe and spear), officina letter C (= 3) in left field
ref: RIC150, C.92
mint: Lugdunum, struck 282-283 AD
3.24gms, 22mm
Rare
berserker
Conway-1-CARINUS.jpg
283-285 AD - Carinus - Aequitas - Cyzicus Mint80 viewsIMP CARINVS AVG - Radiate and cuirassed bust right
AEQVITAS AVGG - Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornicupia. KAZ in exe.

Cyzicus mint Ric-239
Heavily silvered over 80% + of surface. Nice coin

Ric-239
1 commentsjimwho523
carinus RIC329.jpg
283-285 AD - CARINUS AE antoninianus16 viewsobv: IMP.C.M.AVR.CARINVS.P.F.AVG (radiate & cuirassed bust right)
rev: VIRTVS.AVGG (Carinus standing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter (or Carus)), * above, TR between, XXI in ex.
ref: RIC329, C.184
mint: Tripolis, struck 283-284 AD
4.26gms, 22mm
berserker
divo_caro_RIC47.jpg
283-285 AD - CARUS AE antoninianus24 viewsobv: DIVO CARO (radiate head right)
rev: CONSECRATIO (eagle standing facing, head left), KAA in ex.
ref: RIC Vii 47, C 15 (1fr)
mint: Rome, struck under Numerian and Carinus
3.23gms, 22mm

Having defeated the Quadi and Sarmatians on the Danube, Carus proceeded through Thrace and Asia Minor, annexed Mesopotamia, pressed on to Seleucia and Ctesiphon, and carried his arms beyond the Tigris. His death was variously attributed to disease, the effects of lightning, or a wound received in a campaign against the Persians. The facts that he was leading a victorious campaign, and that his son Numerian succeeded him without opposition, suggest that his death may have been due to natural causes.
berserker
345-magnia urbica-.jpg
283-285 AD - MAGNIA URBICA antoninianus 57 viewsobv: M[AGN.VRB]ICA.AVG (diademed & draped bust right)
rev: [VEN]VS.VICTRIX (Venus standing left, leaning against shield, & holding helmet in right hand, scepter in left)
ref: RIC343 v. RIC347, C.17 v.C.15
mint: Rome or Ticinum, struck 284-285 AD
1.98gms, 21mm
Scarce
She was the wife of Carinus. The coin broken, added shape.
1 commentsberserker
rjb_carin1_10_07.jpg
283a14 viewsCarinus 283-5 AD
AE antoninianus
Rome Mint
IMP CARINVS PF AVG
Radiate, cuirassed bust right
PIETAS AVG
Mercury stg left
-/-//KApellet in crescentΔ
RIC 264
mauseus
2012_01_02.jpg
283a50 viewsCarinus 283-5 AD
AE quinarius
Ticinum Mint
M AVR CARINVS C
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
MARTI VICTORI
Mars walking right holding spear and shield
RIC 264 (Rome); King 2
3 commentsmauseus
Carus.JPG
300 Carus40 viewsCarus

Antoninianus
DIVO CARO PIO; radiate head right / CONSECRATIO; Eagle standing left, head right. II in ex
Lugdunum (Lyon) mint, 2nd officina. 10th emission of Carinus and Numerian, AD 284.

ex DS
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
carinus.JPG
302 Carinus22 viewsIMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGGG, Carinus left, standing right, parazonium left, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left holding scepter, star above, B in center, XXI in ex
ex DS
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
4746LG.jpg
320. Carus122 viewsMarcus Aurelius Carus (c. 230 - late July/early August, 283), Roman emperor (282-283), was born probably at Narbona (more correctly, Narona -- now the ruins at Vid, Croatia) in Illyria, but was educated at Rome. He was a senator, and had filled various civil and military posts before he was appointed prefect of the Praetorian Guard by the emperor Probus. After the murder of Probus at Sirmium, Carus was proclaimed emperor by the soldiers.

Although Carus severely avenged the death of Probus, he was himself suspected of having been an accessory to the deed. He does not seem to have returned to Rome after his accession, but contented himself with an announcement of the fact to the Senate.

Bestowing the title of Caesar upon his sons Carinus and Numerian, he left Carinus in charge of the western portion of the empire, and took Numerian with him on the expedition against the Persians which had been contemplated by Probus. Having defeated the Quadi and Sarmatians on the Danube, Carus proceeded through Thrace and Asia Minor, conquered Mesopotamia, pressed on to Seleucia and Ctesiphon, and carried his arms beyond the Tigris.

His hopes of further conquest were cut short by his death. One day, after a violent storm, it was announced that he was dead. His death was variously attributed to disease, the effects of lightning, or a wound received in a campaign against the Huns. However it seems more probable that he was murdered by the soldiers, who were averse to further campaigns against Persia, at the instigation of Arrius Aper, prefect of the Praetorian Guard.

VF/VF Carus AE Antoninianus / Virtus
Attribution: VM 16
Date: 282-283 AD
Obverse: IMP C M AVR CARVS P F AVG, radiate bust r.
Reverse: VIRTVS AVGGG, Carus receiving globe from Jupiter
Size: 20.32 mm
Weight: 2.7 grams
Description: An attractive Carus ant
ecoli73
coin260.JPG
321. Carinus31 viewsMarcus Aurelius Carinus, Roman emperor, 283 - July, 285, was the elder son of the emperor Carus, on whose accession he was appointed governor of the western portion of the empire. He fought with success against the German tribes, but soon left the defence of the Upper Rhine to his legates and returned to Rome, where he abandoned himself to all kinds of debauchery and excess. He also celebrated the ludi Romani on a scale of unexampled magnificence.

After the death of Carus, the army in the East demanded to be led back to Europe, and Numerianus, the younger son of Carus, was forced to comply. During a halt at Chalcedon, Numerianus was murdered, and Diocletian, commander of the body-guards, was proclaimed emperor by the soldiers. Carinus at once left Rome and set out for the East to meet Diocletian. On his way through Pannonia he put down the usurper Marcus Aurelius Julianus, and encountered the army of Diocletian in Moesia. Carinus was successful in several engagements, and at the battle on the Margus (Morava), according to one account, the valour of his troops had gained the day, when he was assassinated by a tribune whose wife he had seduced. In another account, the battle is represented as having resulted in a complete victory for Diocletian.

Carinus has the reputation of having been one of the worst of the emperors.

Carinus. 283-285 AD. ? Antoninianus. Antioch mint. IMP C M AVR CARINVS NOB C,radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / VIRTVS AVGGG Carinus standing right, holding sceptre and receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre; B/XXI. RIC 208F.
1 commentsecoli
coin261.JPG
321a. MAGNIA URBICA16 viewsMAGNIA URBICA, wife of Carinus. Æ Antoninianus (3.30 gm). Rome mint. MAG VRBICA AVG, diademed and draped bust right on crescent / IONO REGINA, Juno standing left, holding patera and scepter; KA. RIC V 341; Cohen 4. Fine, porous. Rare. Ex-CNGecoli
image~16.jpg
321b. Nigrinian29 viewsMarcus Aurelius Nigrinianus, known in English as Nigrinian (d. 284/285), was probably the son of Roman Emperor Carinus and an heir to the throne. Not much is known about him. It is assumed that Carinus' wife Magnia Urbica was his mother, but it has been proposed that he was actually the son of Aurelia Paulina, Carinus' sister and thus the Emperor's nephew. Nigrinian died in infancy in late 284 or early 285. After his death he was given divine status

Divus Nigrinian. Died circa AD 284. Antoninianus (21mm, 2.11 g, 12h). Rome mint, uncertain officina. 5th emission of Carinus, November AD 284. Radiate head right / Eagle standing facing, head left, with wings spread; KA[?]. RIC V 472; Pink VI/2, p. 39. Fair, rough surfaces.
ecoli
coin398.JPG
322. Numerian30 viewsMarcus Aurelius Numerius Numerianus was the younger son of the later emperor Carus, born in about AD 253.
Numerian and his elder brother Carinus were raised to the rank of Caesar in AD 282, soon after their father became emperor.

In AD 282 Numerian accompanied his father to the Danube to defeat the Sarmatians and the Quadi.
Then in December AD 282 or January AD 283 Carus took Numerian with him on his expedition against the Persians to re-conquer Mesopotamia. Meanwhile Carinus stayed in Rome to rule the west.

When Carus died, Numerian succeeded him, thereby becoming joint emperor with his brother Carinus who had been granted the rank of Augustus shortly before Carus' death.

At first, immediately after his father's death, Numerian sought to continue the Persian campaign.
Apparently this was much favoured by Arrius Aper, the prefect of the praetorians and suspect in Carus' death. Conditions for war were favourable. The Persian side was still thought to be weak. But Numerian's initial efforts were not followed by success.
Numerian was to all effect appeared more of an intellectual than a man of war. He wrote poetry, some of which won him critical acclaim in his day.
This lack of ruthless military talent might well have been the reason why Carinus alone had been promoted Augustus, while Numerian remained Caeasar (junior emperor).
And so, after these initial setbacks, Numerian decided it unwise to continue the war.
He sought instead to return back to Rome and the army was not displeased to pull back into Syria were it spent the winter of AD 283.
Thereafter the army set out on its march back west through Asia Minor (Turkey).
Numerian fell ill near Nicomedia, suffering from an eye disease, which he might have caught while still on campaign in Mesopotamia with his father. The illness was explained with severe exhaustion (Today it is believed this was a serious eye infection. This left him partly blind and he had to be carried in a litter.

Somewhere at this time it is believed Arrius Aper, Numerian's own father in-law, had him killed. It;s widely believed that Aper hoped that it would be assumed that Numerian had simply succumbed to his illness and that he, the praetorian prefect, would succeed to the throne in his place.
But why he should have kept up the charade that Numerian was still alive remains a mystery. Perhaps he was waiting for he right moment.
For several days the death went unnoticed, the litter being carried along as usual. Soldiers inquired about their emperor's health and were reassured by Aper, that all was well and that Numerian simply was too ill to appear in public.

Eventually though the stench of the corpse became too much. Numerian's death was revealed and the soldiers realized that Rome had lost yet another emperor (AD 284).

Had it been Aper who hoped to fill the vacancy, then it was Diocletian (still known as Diocles at the time), commander of the imperial bodyguard, who emerged the victor. It was Diocletian who was made emperor by the troops after Numerian's death. It was he who sentenced Aper to death and even executed the sentence himself. Therefore it was he who, benefited most from the deaths of Carus and Numerian. And in his role as body guard he held a key position, enabling him to prevent or enable any action against the emperor. Hence it is unlikely that Diocletian did not have anything to do with the murder of Numerian.

Numerian Antoninianus / Numerian with globe and spear

Attribution: RIC 361
Date: 282-283 AD
Obverse: M AVR NVMERIANVS NOB C, radiate bust r.
Reverse: PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Numerian l. holding globe and spear
Size: 22.39 mm
Weight: 3.5 grams
Description: A nice ant of a scarcer emperor while serving as Caesar
ecoli
20160804_175220-horz.jpg
48 Carinus RIC 15212 viewsCarinus as Caesar. 283-285 AD. Silvered Antoninianus. Lugdunum Mint. 282-283 AD. (3.46g; 22.33mm) Obv: CARINVS NOBIL CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Carinus to right. Rev: SAECVLI FELICITAS / D, Carinus, in military attire, standing left, holding a globe in his left hand and a spear in his right.
RIC 152; C 117
Paddy
Carinus-RIC-252.jpg
94. Carinus.9 viewsAntoninianus, 283 - 285 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG / Radiate bust of Carinus.
Reverse: FIDES MILITVM / Fides standing, holding two standards. K A E in exergue.
3.21 gm., 21 mm.
RIC #252.

According to Gibbon (XII), Carinus "was more than commonly deficient" in the qualities of virtue and prudence. He "displayed . . . the extravagancies of Elagabalus, aggravated by the cruelty of Domitian." It is said that he married no less than 9 wives, although we know the name of only one of them. However, Carinus must have been a fairly competent general since he defeated two formidable rebels -- Julianus and Diocletian. He was murdered by one of his officers (had an affair with the officer's wife) shortly after his victory, and the empire fell into the hands of Diocletian.
Callimachus
Antoniniano Carino RIC 158.jpg
A103-05 - CARINO Como Cesar de Caro (Oct.282 - Mar.283 D.C.)34 viewsAE Antoniniano 19 mm 3.7 gr.
Hijo mayor de Caro

Anv: "M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PRINCIPI IVVENTVT" - El Principe con vestimenta militar de pié a izquierda, portando una insignia militar en mano derecha y largo cetro vertical en izquierda. "εKB" en exergo.

Acuñada 282 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.2da.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #158 Pag.158 - Sear RCTV(1988)#3454 - Cohen Vol.VI #103 Pag.394 - DVM #14 Pag.265
mdelvalle
RIC_158_Antoniniano_Carino.jpg
A103-05 - CARINO Como Cesar de Caro (Oct.282 - Mar.283 D.C.)8 viewsAE Antoniniano 19 mm 3.7 gr.
Hijo mayor de Caro

Anv: "M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PRINCIPI IVVENTVT" - El Principe con vestimenta militar de pié a izquierda, portando una insignia militar en mano derecha y largo cetro vertical en izquierda. "εKA" en exergo.

Acuñada Dic.282-Mar.283 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.5ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vb #158 P.158, Sear RCTV III #12303 P.510, Sear RCTV '88 #3454, Cohen VI #103 P.394, DVM #15 Pag.265, Hunter #5, Pink pp.31-2 series 1-2b, La Venèra. IV/1840 (27 ex.)
mdelvalle
Antoniniano_Carino_RIC_Roma_264KADbis2.jpg
A103-08 - CARINO (Mar.283 - Set.285 D.C.)44 viewsAE Antoniniano 25 x 20 mm 3.5 gr.
Hijo mayor de Caro, acuñada como Augusto solo.

Anv: "IMP CARINVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PIETA-S AVG" – Mercurio de pié desnudo a izquierda, vistiendo petaso sobre la cabeza, portando bolsa en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y caduceo en el izquierdo, del que además cuelga su manto . "KAΔ" en exergo.

Acuñada 5ta.Emisión Nov. 284 D.C.
Ceca: Roma Italia (Off.4ta.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: Vol.V Parte II #264 Pag.171 - Cohen Vol.VI #72 Pag.391 - La Venera IV/3877 – Sear RCTV (2000) #12351 - DVM # Pag.
mdelvalle
RIC_264_Antoniniano_Carino.jpg
A103-08 - CARINO (Mar.283 - Set.285 D.C.)7 viewsAE Antoniniano 25 x 20 mm 3.5 gr.
Hijo mayor de Caro, acuñada como Augusto solo.

Anv: "IMP CARINVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PIETA-S AVG" – Mercurio de pié desnudo a izquierda, vistiendo petaso sobre la cabeza, portando bolsa en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y caduceo en el izquierdo, del que además cuelga su manto . "KAΔ" en exergo.

Acuñada 6ta.Emisión 284-285 D.C.
Ceca: Roma Italia (Off.4ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vb #264 (C) P.171, Cohen VI #72 P.391, La Venera IV/3877, Sear RCTV III #12351 P.515, Hunter #31, Pink pp.38-9 series 5-6
mdelvalle
Antoniniano Carino RIC 314.jpg
A103-10 - CARINO (Mar.283 - Set.285 D.C.)40 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 x 23 mm 3.0 gr.
Hijo mayor de Caro, acuñada como Co-augusto con su hermano menor Numeriano.

Anv: "IMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VIRTVS AV[GG]" - Emperador (Carino) a derecha, portando largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda, recibiendo de Júpiter/Numeriano a izquierda, portando cetro corto en mano izquierda, Victoriola (Palladium) con mano derecha. Ambos con vestimenta militar."B" en campo centro y "XXI" en exergo.

Acuñada 5ta.Emisión 283 - 284 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off.2da.) - Sisak Croacia
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #314a Pag.177 - Sear RCTV(1988)#3477 var - Cohen Vol.VI #184 Pag.402 - DVM #25 Pag.265 - La Venera IV/4321
mdelvalle
RIC_314A_Antoniniano_Carino.jpg
A103-10 - CARINO (Mar.283 - Set.285 D.C.)4 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 x 23 mm 3.0 gr.
Hijo mayor de Caro, acuñada como Co-augusto con su hermano menor Numeriano.

Anv: "IMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VIRTVS AV[GG]" - Emperador (Carino) a derecha, portando largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda, recibiendo de Júpiter/Numeriano a izquierda, portando cetro corto en mano izquierda, Victoriola (Palladium) con mano derecha. Ambos con vestimenta militar."B" en campo centro y "XXI" en exergo.

Acuñada 5ta.Emisión 283 - 284 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off.2da.) - Sisak Croacia

Referencias: RIC Vb #314a (R) P.177, Sear RCTV III #13362 var (Antioquia) P.516, Sear RCTV'88 #3477 var, Cohen VI #184 P.402, DVM #25 P.265, La Venera IV/4321, Hunter #46-8
mdelvalle
Antoniniano_Carino_RIC_Roma_238.jpg
A103-12 - CARINO (Mar.283 - Set.285 D.C.)75 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 mm 3.4 gr.
Hijo mayor de Caro, acuñada como Co-Augusto con su hermano menor Numeriano.

Anv: "IMP [C M A]VR CARINVS AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "AEQVITAS AV[GG]" – Aequitas (La Equidad) de pié a izquierda, portando balanza en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y cornucopia en la izquierda . "KAZ" en exergo.

Acuñada Mar.283 - Nov.284 D.C.
Ceca: Roma Italia (Off.7ma.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: Vol.V Parte II #238 Pag.169 - Cohen Vol.VI #8 Pag.384 – Sear RCTV (1988) #3462 - DVM # Pag.
mdelvalle
RIC_238_Antoniniano_Carino.jpg
A103-12 - CARINO (Mar.283 - Set.285 D.C.)7 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 mm 3.4 gr.
Hijo mayor de Caro, acuñada como Co-Augusto con su hermano menor Numeriano.

Anv: "IMP [C M A]VR CARINVS AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "AEQVITAS AV[GG]" – Aequitas (La Equidad) de pié a izquierda, portando balanza en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y cornucopia en la izquierda . "KAZ" en exergo.

Acuñada Set.283 - Nov.284 D.C.
Ceca: Roma Italia (Off.7ma.)

Referencias: RIC Vb #238 (C) P.169, Cohen VI #8 P.384, Sear RCTV '88 #3462, DVM #3 P.265, La Venèra. IV/3291 (7ex.)
mdelvalle
RIC_161_Incierto_Antoniniano_Carino.jpg
A103-30 - CARINO Como Cesar de Caro (Oct.282 - Mar.283 D.C.)8 viewsCopia bárbara
AE Minimus 15 mm 1.6 gr.
Hijo mayor de Caro

Anv: "M A[VR CARINVS NOB CAES]" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[PRIN]CIPI IVVENT[VT]" - El Principe con vestimenta militar de pié a izquierda, portando globo en mano derecha y largo cetro vertical en izquierda.

Acuñada: Posterior a 282 D.C.
Ceca: Incierta

Referencias Similar RIC Vb #161 P.158, Cohen VI #91 P.393, DVM #14 P.265
mdelvalle
carinus.jpg
AEQVITAS AVG4 viewsCARINUS A.D. 283-285. Æ Antoninianus. Rev. AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopiae, KAE in exergue. 3.8 g, 22 mm. Sear RCV 12339 var.Podiceps
carinus_3.jpg
AETERNIT AVG4 viewsCARINUS A.D. 283-285. Æ Antoninianus. Rev. AETERNIT AVG, Aeternitas left holding phoenix and raising skirt, KAG in exergue. 3.1g, 21mm. Sear RCV 12340. Podiceps
index_php.jpg
Antoninianus Carinus26 viewsCarinus
M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES, Buste of Carinus
PRINCIPI IVVENT, XXIT in ex.
Siscia, RIC 198, Rare, 282-283
Sebastiaan v
016KAurelian.jpg
Aurelian16 viewsAE Antoninianus
Roman Imperial - The Crisis

Carinus

Siscia mint, 272 - 274 A.D.
gF. Better in hand.
21.0 mm / 3.00 g / 0°

Obverse: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG", Radiate, cuirassed right.
Reverse: "IOVI CONSER", Emperor standing to the left with sceptre, accepting globe from Jupiter who stands on the right. Mintmark: Star Q.

RIC 225. Cohen 105.

From uncleaned lot (2015)

MyID: 016K
TenthGen
IMG_3567.jpg
Carinus32 viewsCarinus AE Tetradrachm of Alexandria.
7.07g 20mm
Year 2. A K M A KAΡINOC CEB, laureate cuirassed bust right / L-B, Elpis standing left holding flower and hem of skirt, star in upper right, BMC 2453, Emmett 4007, SGI 4779.
ex Mat
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
carinus.jpg
carinus47 viewsCarinus Antoninianus, 282-283 AD, Cyzicus.
Obverse: M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES, radiate and draped bust right.
Reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Prince standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Iupiter (or Carus) standing left, holding sceptre; E between.
Ex: XXI, 20-21 mm, 3.63 g, RIC V, Part 2, 202
b70
00335-Carinus.JPG
Carinus45 viewsCarinus Antoninians
23 mm 3.95 gm
O: IMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG
Laureate bust right
R: AEQVITAS AVGG
Aeternitas stg l, hldg Phoenix on globe
John Campbell
Carinus.jpg
Carinus38 viewsSilvered Antonianus

IMP CARINVS PF AVG
radiate curaissed bust right

AEQVITAS AVGG
Aequitas stg left holding scales and cornucopia, KAZ in ex

Rome, 283-285 A.D.
3.13g

Ric 239

New picture of another of my very first coins. From an uncleaned lot.
Jay GT4
coin112.JPG
Carinus7 viewsCarinus, 282-285 AD,

Obverse: IMP CARINVS PF AVG radiate and draped bust right
Reverse: FELICIT PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left holding scepter, leaning on column, QXXI in exergue

RIC 295
ecoli
coins340.JPG
Carinus17 viewsFelicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire, and was frequently portrayed on coins. She was very closely associated with the imperial family.

Felicitas was unknown before the mid-2nd century BC, when a temple was dedicated to her in the Velabrum in the Campus Martius by Lucius Licinius Lucullus, using booty from his 151–150 BC campaign in Spain. The temple was destroyed by a fire during the reign of Claudius and was never rebuilt.

Another temple in Rome was planned by Julius Caesar and was erected after his death by Marcus Aemilius Lepidus on the site of the Curia Hostilia, which had been restored by Lucius Cornelius Sulla but demolished by Caesar in 44 BC. This temple no longer existed by the time of Hadrian, and its site probably lies under the church of Saints Luca and Martina.

The word felicitas, "luck", is also the source of the word and name felicity.

Carinus Billon Antoninianus. IMP CARINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / FELICIT PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left with cauduceus, leaning on column, TXXI in ex. RIC 295, Cohen 24.
1 commentsecoli
carinus.jpg
CARINUS39 viewsAE antoninianus. 285 AD. 3.32 gr. 7h. Radiate and cuirassed bust right. IMP CARINVS PF AVG. / Aeternitas standing left, holding Phoenix on globe and fold of skirt. AETERNIT AVG. In exergue K(crescent)AΓ. RIC V 244.benito
00carinus.jpg
CARINUS34 viewsAntoninianus. 283-285 AD
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. M AVR CARINVS NOB C / Carinus standing left, standard in right, scepter in left. PRINCIPI IVVENT.
2 commentsbenito
00carinus~0.jpg
CARINUS26 viewsAE antoninianus. 285 AD. 3.32 gr. 7h. Radiate and cuirassed bust right. IMP CARINVS PF AVG. / Aeternitas standing left, holding Phoenix on globe and fold of skirt. AETERNIT AVG. In exergue K(crescent)AΓ. RIC V 244.
benito
Carus_Milne_4738.JPG
Carinus11 viewsBillon tetradrachm, references: Milne 4738, Curtis 1926, BMC Alexandria 2457, Geissen 3186, SNG Cop 958, Emmett 4010; condition: VF, mint: Alexandria, weight: 8.093g, maximum diameter: 19.8mm, die axis: 0o, date struck: 29 Aug 284 - spring 285 A.D.; obverse A K M A KAPINOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse ETOYC Γ (year 3), Nike advancing right, holding palm-branch and wreath; scarce

From FORVM:
Carinus was the son of Carus who was Praetorian prefect during the reign of Probus. After his father seized power, Carinus was raised to the rank of Caesar in October 282 and left to manage the Western provinces while his father and brother Numerian campaigned against the Persians in the east. The campaign was a success, but Carus was killed by lightning. In 285 Carinus left Rome to confront the usurper Julian I and then Diocletian, who had been declared Augustus by his troops. Carinus was nearly victorious in battle but was murdered by one of his chief officers - apparently Carinus had seduced his wife.

Purchased from FORVM
Sosius
Carinus.jpg
Carinus16 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR CARINVS P AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev: VIRTVS AVGG, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). A in lower centre, XXI in ex.
Size: 19mm, 3.4gm. This reverse may have a star above victory
Id: RIC V-II 325 var
Mint: Antioch, 283-285AD
ickster
00468q00.jpg
Carinus5 viewsAE-Antoninianus
CARINVS NOBIL CAES; Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
PRINCIPI IVVENTVT; Emperor standing left, holding globe and spear; Retrograde C in left field.
Ex: -
Lugdunum
RIC 150
Julianus of Pannonia
00469q00.jpg
Carinus5 viewsAE-Antoninianus
IMP CARINVS.P.F.AVG; Radiate bust in imperial-mantle to l. holding eagle-tipped scepter.
SAECVLI FELICITAS; Emperor stg. right holding spear and globe; P in right field.
Ex: -
Lugdunum
RIC 215; B.568 pl. LVIII (5 ex.)
Julianus of Pannonia
003ACarinus.jpg
Carinus13 viewsAE Antoninianus
Roman Imperial - The Crisis

Carinus

Rome mint, 282 A.D.
Fine, possible corrosion on obverse.
22.0 mm / 2.51 g / 180°

Obverse: "M AVR CARINVS NOB C", Radiate, draped, cuirassed right.
Reverse: "PIETAS AVGG", Sacrificial implements. Mintmark: KAZ.

RIC 156.

From uncleaned lot (2015)

MyID: 003A
TenthGen
CarinusPrinc.jpg
Carinus28 viewsDetail of Ticinum RIC 197var.Julianus of Pannonia
00529q00.jpg
Carinus6 viewsAE-Antoninianus
M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES; Radiate and cuirassed bust to right, seen from behind.
PRINCIPI IVVENT; Carinus standing left, short scepter downward in right, transverse spear left, two standards behind, star in left field.
Ex: XXIT
Ticinum
RIC 197var. (bust-type)
Julianus of Pannonia
00467q00.jpg
Carinus9 viewsAE-Antoninianus
CARINVS NOBIL CAES; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right, holding staff over left shoulder
SAECVLI FELICITAS; Emperor stg. right holding spear and globe; C in right Field
Ex: -
Lugdunum
RIC.152 ; B.496 pl. LI (5 ex.)
Julianus of Pannonia
00528q00.jpg
Carinus5 viewsAE-Antoninianus
M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.
PIETAS AVGG; Priestly implements: lituus, knife, jug, simpulum, and Sprinkler
Leg:
Ex: ZKA
Rome
RIC 155
Julianus of Pannonia
00364q00.jpg
Carinus8 viewsAE-reduced Sestertius
IMP CARINVS P F AVG; Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
VIRTVS AVGG; Emperor standing right, holding spear and globe.
Rome
RIC 288
Julianus of Pannonia
00365q00.jpg
Carinus7 viewsAE-Quinarius
IMP CARINVS AVG; Laureate and cuirassed bust to right.
VIRTVS AVGG; Virtus stgl. left holding spear and supporting hand on shield.
Ex:-
Rome
RIC 283var; King 6
Julianus of Pannonia
00366q00.jpg
Carinus7 viewsAE-Quinarius
M AVR CARINVS C; Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust to left, holding victory on globe.
MARTI VICTORI; Mars advancing right, holdign shield, spear and trophy.
Ex: -
Rome
RIC 166var; King 1A
Julianus of Pannonia
Carinus-Tet.jpg
Carinus (283 - 285 A.D.)29 viewsEgypt, Alexandria
Potin Tetradrachm
O: A K M A KA-RINOS K, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
R: yche standing left, rudder in right, cornucopia in left. LA (Year 1 282/3 A.D.) to left.
8g
18mm
Dattari 5576; Milne 4667; Emmett 4012
2 commentsMat
carinus.jpg
Carinus (283 - 285 A.D.)45 views Æ(S) Antoninianus
O: IMP CARINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
R: AETERNT AVGG, Aeternitas standing left, holding phoenix on globe, lifting hem of robe with left hand. KAΓ in ex.
Rome Mint. 284 - 285 A.D.
22 mm
3.8 g
RIC 248

Reverse engraver's error, missing "I"!
2 commentsMat
CD-26.jpg
Carinus (A.D. 283-285)20 viewsSilvered Antoninianus, A.D. 283-285, Rome, 23.3mm, 5.55g, 0°, RIC Vii 244.
Obv: IMP CARINVS P F AVG. radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: AETERNIT AVG. Aeternitas standing left, holding phoenix on globe raising skirt; K˘AΓ in ex.
Joseph D5
Carinus_ric_202.JPG
Carinus (as Caesar), 283 - 283 AD30 viewsObv: M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES, Radiate, draped bust of Carinus facing right.

Rev: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Carinus standing right receives Victory on a globe from Jupiter, Є in field between; XXI in exergue.

Billon Antoninianus, Cyzicus mint, 282 AD

3.9 grams, 21 mm, 180°

RIC Vii 202, S12294
SPQR Coins
00687.jpg
Carinus (RIC 206, Coin #687)8 viewsRIC 206, BI Antoninianus, Antioch 282-283 AD.
OBV: IMP C M AVR CARINVS NOB C; Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
REV: VIRTVS AVGG (XXI); Carinus standing right, holding sceptre and receiving Victory from Carus, standing left, holding sceptre. Gamma in lower center.
SIZE: 21.9mm 4.06g
MaynardGee
00093.jpg
Carinus (RIC 243, Coin #93)10 viewsRIC 243 (C), AE Antoninianus, Rome, 283-285 AD.
Obv: IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: AETERNIT AVGG (KA gamma) Aeternitas standing left holding Phoenix on globe and raising robe.
Size: 23.0mm 3.68gm
MaynardGee
00677.jpg
Carinus (RIC 253, Coin #677)7 viewsRIC 253 (C), Silvered AE Antoninianus, Rome, 283-285 AD.
OBV: IMP CARINVS P F AVG; Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
REV: FIDES MILITVM (KAE); Fides standing left, standard in each hand.
SIZE: 22.2mm 3.92g
MaynardGee
00773.jpg
Carinus (RIC V-2 212, Coin #773)13 viewsRIC V-2 212, Silvered Antoninianus, Lugdunum, 283 AD
OBV: IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front.
REV: AEQVITAS AVGG, Aequitas standing slightly left, scales in right hand, scepter in left hand, A (1st officina) right.
SIZE: 22.4mm, 2.56g
MaynardGee
Carinus_264.jpg
Carinus - AE antoninianus28 viewsRome
early 285 AD
6th emission
radiate, cuirassed bust right
IMP CARINVS P F AVG
Mercury standing left, holding purse and caduceus
PIETAS AVG
KA crescent Δ
RIC 264, Cohen 72
3,48 g 22-21 mm
Johny SYSEL
Carinus_Alexandria_Nike.jpg
Carinus - Alexandria6 viewsBI tetradrachm
29 Aug 284 - spring 285 AD
laureate, cuirassed bust right
A K M A KA_PINOC CEB
Nike right, holding wreath and palm?
ETOVC
Γ
Milne 4738, Curtis 1926, BMC Alexandria 2457, Geissen 3186, SNG Cop 958, Emmett 4010
7,06g
ex aurea
Johny SYSEL
Carinus_Alexandria_eagle_LB.jpg
Carinus - Alexandria8 viewsBI tetradrachm
29 Aug 283 - 28 Aug 284 AD
laureate cuirassed bust right
A K M A KA_PINOC CEB
eagle standing between two standards, head right, holding wreath in beak
L B / *
Milne 4728, Curtis 1915, Geissen 3175, Dattari 5597, BMC 2461, Emmett 4005
7,73g

scarce
Johny SYSEL
carino_virtvsavgg_ric209.jpg
Carinus - antoninianus25 viewsVIRTVS AVG - Tripoli
Ric 209
antvwala
carinus_-ric_262.jpg
Carinus - RIC 2627 viewsRome mint.
IMP C CARINVS AVG
ORIENS AVG
K(?)R in ex.
xokleng
CARINUS.jpg
Carinus - RIC 29513 viewsIMP CARINUS PF AVG
FELICITAS PVBLICA
QXXI in ex.
18 mm, 3,4 g.
xokleng
2011-09-016.jpg
Carinus AE Ant.23 viewsCarinus AE Ant "Vigor is Strength" *FTN Carinus AD 282-284 AE
Antoninianus "Our brave and strong young princes" Obv: IMP C M AVR
Obverse:IMP C M AVR CARINVS PF AVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed Rev:
Reverse: Carinus receives Victory on a globe from his father Carus on right VIRTVS AVGG - facing left. Exe: (star) over Z | XXI
Mint: Antioch AD 283--4 CE
Date: 283-4 CE
RIC Vii, 325, page 179-Cohen 184
wileyc
lg_carinus.jpg
Carinus AE Antoninianu80 viewsCarinus (Augustus)
AE Antoninianus 3.91g / 21mm / -
IMP M AVR CARINVS P F AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
CLEMENTIA TEMP - Carinus standing right, holding sceptre and receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre, Gamma in center field
Exergue: XXI
Mint: Cyzicus (283-285 AD)
References: RIC 324; Cohen 20
3 commentsScotvs Capitis
Carinus~0.jpg
Carinus AE Antoninianus16 viewsObverse: M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: PRINCIPI IVVENTVT
Carinus standing left holding globe and spear, captive bound at feet left, QXXI in ex.
RIC V 182, EF
3.872g, 23.1mm,
Ticinum mint, 2nd emission Dec. 282 A.D.
goldenancients
Carinus_AE_antoninianus,_284-285_AD,_Rome.JPG
Carinus AE antoninianus, 284-285 AD, Rome24 viewsCarinus
AE antoninianus – 22mm
Rome, 284-185 AD
radiate, cuirassed bust r.
IMP CARINVS PF AVG
Aeternitas standing l., holding phoenix on globe and lifting robe
AETERNIT AVGG
KA crescent 
RIC Vb 244var
Ardatirion
AAGCb_small.png
Carinus AE Antoninianus. 13 viewsCarinus. 283-285 AD.

Rome, 283-285 AD.

21mm., 3.25g.

IMP CARINVS P F AVG. Bust of Carinus, radiate, draped, cuirassed, right, or bust of Carinus, radiate, cuirassed, right

AETERNIT AVGG. Aeternitas, draped, standing left, holding phoenix on globe in right hand and lifting robe with left hand

References: RIC V Carus 248

AAGC
RL
carinus-reshoot.jpg
Carinus AE Antoninianus. 283 AD25 viewsRoman Imperial, Carinus AE Antoninianus, (283 AD), 3.7g, 20.64mm

Obverse: IMP C M AVR CARINVS NOB C, Radiate cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: VIRTVS AV-GGG, Carinus standing right, holding scepter, receiving globe from Jupiter (or Carus) standing left, holding scepter; star above, Γ between, XXI in ex. "Virtue of the three Emperors" "Twenty parts base metal to one part silver ratio value"

Reference: RIC V-2 208
Gil-galad
carinus.jpg
Carinus AE Antoninianus. Rome mint, 284-285 AD.9 viewsCarinus AE Antoninianus. Rome mint, 284-285 AD. IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right / FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left holding two standards. Mintmark KAE. Cohen 31; RIC V-2, 252; RIC 252

VD
Britanikus
116 Carinus.JPG
Carinus Alexandian Tet.63 viewsAE Tetradrachm, 282-283 AD
Obv: AKMA KAPINOC CEB, Laureate draped bust right.
Rev: ETOVC, Nike advancing right, holding wreath.
19mm.
2 commentsjdholds
artikel_pic402.JPG
Carinus Alexandria74 viewsA K M A KAPINOC CEB, Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
L A, Athena saeted left on throne, with Nike and Spear.
Emmett4001-1A.

TETRADRACHM. L A Year 1 as Aug.

18mm, 8.3gr, Die 0.

Ed D
artikel_pic639.JPG
Carinus Antioch35 viewsIMP C M AVR CARINVS NOB C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
VIRTVS AVGGG, Carinus receives Victory on Globe from Carus on right facing left.
RIC208F.

Ex. * Δ/XXI

21mm, 3.1gr, Die 180.

2nd emission Febr. 283.
Ed D
artikel_pic659.JPG
Carinus Antioch22 viewsIMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
VIRTVS AVGGG, Carinus receives Victory on a globe from his father Carus on right facing left.
RIC327F.

Ex: * Є Δ/XXI

20mm, 4.3gr, Die 180.

3th emission March 283.
Ed D
artikel_pic561.JPG
Carinus Antioch21 viewsIMP C M AVR CARINVS PF AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right.
VIRTVS AVGG, Carinus and Numerian holding Victory on a globe.
RIC325F.

Ex. H/XXI

20mm, 3.6gr, Die 0.

4th emmission june 284.
Ed D
Carinus_b.jpg
Carinus antoninianus82 viewsCLEMENTIA TEMP1 commentsTibsi
Carinus.png
Carinus Antoninianus11 viewsCarinus Antoninianus

Obverse:
IMP C M AVR CARINVS PF AVG
Radiate, cuirassed bust right

Reverse:
VIRTVS AVGG
Carinus standing right on left, receiving Victory from Jupiter to right, holding sceptre
Harry G
Carinus_antoninianus_FIDES_MILITVM.png
Carinus Antoninianus - FIDES MILITVM11 viewsCarinus Antoninianus

Obverse:
IMP CARINVS P F AVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse:
FIDES MILITVM
Fides standing with two standards, KAE in exergue.

Rome

RIC 253, RCV 13118, Hunter 30, Sear 12344
Harry G
Carinus_opt.jpg
CARINUS Antoninianus, RIC 161, Prince21 viewsOBV: M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
REV: PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Carinus standing left holding globe & sceptre, SKA in ex.


Minted at Rome, 282 AD
Legatus
Carinus1_opt.jpg
CARINUS Antoninianus, RIC 182c, Prince with Captive15 viewsOBV: M AVR CARINVS NOB C, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
REV: PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, prince standing left holding globe and spear, with captive at foot left. QXXI in ex.(unlisted officina)
3.5g, 23mm

Minted at Ticinum, 282-3 AD
Legatus
Carinus__2_opt~0.jpg
CARINUS Antoninianus, RIC 253c, Fides23 viewsOBV: IMP CARINVS P F AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right
REV: FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left with a standard in each hand. KA-crescent-Epsilon in ex.
2.9g, 22mm

Minted at Rome, 284-5 AD
Legatus
Comb02032017090849.jpg
Carinus Antoninianus, Tripolis26 viewsObv. IMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. VIRTVS AVGG / TR, emperor standing left, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter standing right, holding sceptre; star above.Ex. XXI.
References: RIC V, 2, 209.
21mm, 3.09grams
1 commentsCanaan
c~2.jpg
Carinus Antoninianus. Antioch mint. 282-283 AD.17 viewsIMP C M AVR CARINVS NOB C, radiate and cuirassed bust right / VIRTVS AVGG, Carinus standing right, holding sceptre and receiving Victory from Carus, standing left, holding sceptre; B in lower centre.ancientone
067.jpg
Carinus Billon Antoninianus38 viewsRIC Vb 295 Ticinum, Cohen 24
3.20 g, 21 mm
IMP CARINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
FELICIT PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left with cauduceus, leaning on column
TXXI in exergue
1 commentsMark Z2
artikel_pic569.JPG
Carinus Cyzicus23 viewsM AVR CARINVS NOB CAES, Radiate,draped and cuirassed bust right.
CLEMENTIA TEMP, Carinus standing right, holding sceptre and receiving Victory on Globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre.
RIC202C

Ex. A

20mm, 3.6gr, Die 0.

2nd emission Nov.-Dec. 282
Ed D
artikel_pic570.JPG
Carinus Cyzicus44 viewsM AVR CARINVS NOB CAES, Radiate,draped and cuirassed bust right.
CLEMENTIA TEMP, Carinus standing right, holding sceptre and receiving Victory on Globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre.
RIC202C.

Ex. Δ/XXI

21mm, 3.6gr, Die 0

3th emission, beginning. Dec 282

Ed D
Carinus_Felicitas.JPG
Carinus Felicitas22 viewsCARINUS, antoninianus, Ticinum, 283 - 285 AD, 3.8g, 22mm, Cohen 24, RIC V 295
OBV: IMP CARINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
REV: FELICIT PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left, leaning on column, holding caduceus, TXXI in exergue
Black patina over ancient silvering
Romanorvm
Carinus_Felicitas_RIC_Vb_295.JPG
Carinus Felicitas RIC Vb 29512 viewsCarinus, Antoninianus, 283 - 285 AD, Ticinum, 3.54g, 21mm, RIC Vb 295
OBV: IMP CARINVS PF AVG, Radisate draped and cuirassed bust right
REV: FELI CIT PVBLICA, QXXI in exergue, Felicitas standing left, legs crossed, leaning on column and holding caduceus
SRukke
artikel_pic123.JPG
Carinus Lugdunum12 viewsCARINVS NOBIL CAES, Radiate and cuirassed bust left, holding sceptre over shoulder and shield with head of gorgon.
SAECVLI FELICITAS, Carinus standing right, holding spear and globe.
RIC152F; Bastien 495.

Ex. D retrogarde in right field.

22mm, 3.6 gr, Die 180.

Ed D
artikel_pic622.JPG
Carinus Lugdunum10 viewsIMP CARINVS.P.F.AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
SAECVLI FELICITAS, Carinus standing right, holding spear and globe.
RIC215H

Ex. D in right field.

22mm, 3.7gr, Die 180.

6th emission april 283
Ed D
artikel_pic232.JPG
Carinus Lugdunum21 viewsIMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus standing right, holding spear and parazonium, foot on helmnet.
RIC223C; Bastien 592,

Ex. A in right field

22mm, 3.1gr, Die 195

8th emission early 284.
1 commentsEd D
Carinus_Obv.JPG
Carinus Obv17 viewsCarinus: 282-283 AD
Bronze AE Antoninianus, 21mm/3.6g, Antioch mint
OBV: IMP C M AVR CARINUS PF AVG; Radiate head right, draped and cuirassed
REV: VIRTVS AVGG; Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory form Jupiter or Carus standing left, XXI in ex, A in betw. (RIC 325 v)
1 commentsPhilip G
Carinus_Rev.JPG
Carinus Rev7 viewsCarinus: 282-283 AD
Bronze AE Antoninianus, 21mm/3.6g, Antioch mint
OBV: IMP C M AVR CARINUS PF AVG; Radiate head right, draped and cuirassed
REV: VIRTVS AVGG; Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory form Jupiter or Carus standing left, XXI in ex, A in betw. (RIC 325 v)
Philip G
Carinus_RIC_182.jpg
Carinus RIC 18213 viewsCarinus, as Caesar
Obv: M AVR CARINVS NOB C, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Carinus right
Rev: PRINCIPI IVVENT, prince standing facing, head left, holding globe and spear; at his feet to left, captive seated left; QXXI in ex.
Size: 22 mm, 4.81 g, die axis 11 h
Minted Ticinum, A.D. 282
Ids: RIC 182; Pink VI/2, p. 27.
Notes: Die-break on beard
ickster
carinus_212.jpg
Carinus RIC V, 21266 viewsCarinus AD 283-285, son of Carus
AR - silvered Antoninianus, 3.95g, 22.6mm
mint of Lugdunum, 1st officina
obv. IMP CM AVR CARINVS AVG
bust radiated, draped and cuirassed, r.
rev. AEQVITAS AVGG
Aequitas stdg. l., holding scales and cornucopiae
in r. field A
RIC V/2, 212; C.8
about EF, rest of silvering

AEQUITAS, personification of a special aspect of justice. Not formal equal treatment, but fairness, concretisation of justice in judiciary.
Jochen
CARINUS-2.jpg
Carinus RIC V-2 19720 viewsObv: M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES
radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev: PRINCIPI IVVENT
Prince standing left, holding baton & spear,
star & T to right
XXI in ex.
22mm 3gm
1 commentsOWL365
Carinus_RIC256C-1.JPG
Carinus Rome10 viewsIMP CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
GENIVS EXERCITI, Genius standing left, holding Patera an Cornucopia.
RIC256C

Ex. KAA

21mm, 4.6gr, Die 165.

4th emission Aug. 283
Ed D
cricv264ORweb.jpg
Carinus Silvered Antoninianus, RIC V 26438 viewsRome mint, Carinus Silvered Antoninianus, A.D. 283-285 AE, 23mm 4.48g, RIC V 264, Cohen 72
O: IMP. CARINVS PF. AVG. Bust, radiate and cuirassed r.
R: PIETAS AVG. Mercury standing l., holding purse and caduceus
Ex: KADelta
1 commentscasata137ec
artikel_pic42.jpg
Carinus Siscia7 viewsIMP C M AVR CARINVS NOB C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
PRINCIPI IVVENT, Carinus standing left with Baton and Spear.
RIC197B var.

Ex. T in right field/XXI

21mm, 3.9gr, Die 0.

2nd emission Nov. 282
Ed D
artikel_pic377.JPG
Carinus Siscia17 viewsIMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right, wearing Aegis.
VIRTVS AVGG, Carinus and numerian holding Victory on Globe.
RIC314A-F

Ex. B/XXI

21mm, 3.4gr, Die 180.

5th emission beginning 284.
Ed D
artikel_pic665.JPG
Carinus Siscia26 viewsIMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
VOTA PVBLICA, Carinus and Numerian stg. left and right, holding standards, sacrificing over tripod.
RIC315F

Ex. SMSXXIA

22mm, 4.2gr, Die 0.

6th emission July 284
Ed D
artikel_pic29.jpg
Carinus Ticinum6 viewsM AVR CARINVS NOB C, Radiate and draped bust right.
PRINCIPI IVVENT, Carinus st.left holding standard & spear.
RIC177A

Ex. VIXXI

23mm, 4.0gr, Die 180.

1th emission Oct 282.
Ed D
artikel_pic494.JPG
Carinus Ticinum14 viewsIMP CARINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed right.
FELICITAS PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left with cauduceus, leaning on column.
RIC295C

Ex. QXXI

23mm, 4.0gr, Die 330.

4th emission July 283.
Ed D
artikel_pic423.JPG
Carinus Tripolis6 viewsIMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
VIRTVS AVGG, Carinus and Numerian holding Globe.
RIC329F

Ex. * TR/XXI

22mm, 3.8gr, Die 165.

2nd emission May-June 284.
Ed D
Carinus_Tyche_Tet_Milne_4669.jpg
Carinus Tyche Tet Milne 46697 viewsCarinas, Tetradrachm, Alexandria Egypt, 238 AD, 19mm, Milne 4669
OBV: A K M KAPINOC K, Laureate head right
REV: Tyche crowned with modius, wearing long chiton and peplios, standing left,
resting right hand on rudder and holding cornucopiae in left hand
LA in left field, year 1 = 238 AD
SRukke
coins470.JPG
Carinus VOTA PVBLICA8 viewsCarinus AE Antoninianus as Augustus. Radiate, curiassed bust right / VOTA PVBLICA, Carinus and Numerian standing facing each other sacrificing over altar. RIC 315 ecoli
39.jpg
Carinus, AD 283-28530 viewsAE Antoninianus, 22.21mm (3.32 gm).

IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / AEQVITAS AVGG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae, A in right field. Lugdunum mint, struck AD 283-285.

RIC V-II, 212 (pg. 166).
socalcoins
0550-310n.jpg
Carinus, Antoninianus32 viewsAntoninianus struck in Ticinium, 3rd officina, AD 283
IMP CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Carinus right
FELICIT PVBLICA, Felicitas standing right, leaning on a column. T XXI at exergue
3.54 gr
Ref : Cohen #24, RCV #12343
Potator II
0550-311.jpg
Carinus, Antoninianus 27 viewsLyon mint (Lugdunum) 4th officina
IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
SAECVLI FELICITAS, Carinus standing right, holding spear and globe. D in right field

Ref : RCV #12354, RIC # 214, Cohen # 120
Potator II
0550-320np_noir.jpg
Carinus, Antoninianus - *57 viewsRome mint, 2nd officina, 5th emission, Nov 284 AD
IMP CARINVS PF AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust of Carinus right
IOVI VI - CTORI, Jupiter standing left, holding victory and sceptre. Eagle at feet. KAB at exergue
4,25 gr, 22 mm
Ref : RCV #12348, Cohen #45, RIC vol V #257
Ex. Pscipio
Potator II
4696_4697.jpg
Carinus, Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP7 viewsAE Antoninianus
Carinus
Augustus: 283 - 285AD
Issued: 283AD
21.0mm
O: M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES; Radiate, cuirassed bust, right.
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP; Carinus standing right on left, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left on right, holding scepter.
Exergue: Γ, above line; XXI, below line.
Cyzicus Mint
RIC V-2 202, Γ; Sear 12294.
Aorta: 196: B20, O27, R10, T23, M3.
Josh Moran/CIVITAS Galleries
CICF 4/12/14 3/8/17
Nicholas Z
GI_137c_img.jpg
Carinus, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Eagle with standards, Milne 466712 viewsObv:– A K M A KAPINOC K, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Fortuna/ Tyche crowned with modius, wearing long chiton and peplios, standing left resting right hand on rudder and holding cornucopiae in left hand.
Minted in Alexandria (LA in upper left field). A.D. 283
Reference:– Curtis 1927, BMC 2448, Milne 4667
maridvnvm
carinus_year_1~0.jpg
Carinus, eagle standing between two vexilla left, year 121 viewsCarinus, first half 283 - spring 285 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4679, Curtis 1913, Geissen 3169, Emmett 4005, Dattari 5577, Alexandria mint, as Caesar, 29 Aug 282 - first half 283 A.D.; obverse A K M A KAPINOC K, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse , eagle standing between two vexilla left, wings open, head turned back, wreath in beak, LA (year 1) above. Ex VauctionsPodiceps
carinus_year_1.jpg
Carinus, eagle year 1; Milne 467924 viewsCarinus, first half 283 - spring 285 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4679, Curtis 1913, Geissen 3169, Emmett 4005, Dattari 5577, VF, Alexandria mint, 6809g, 19.6mm, 0o, as Caesar, 29 Aug 282 - first half 283 A.D.; obverse A K M A KAPINOC K, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse , eagle standing between two vexilla left, wings open, head turned back, wreath in beak, LA (year 1) above. ex FORVMPodiceps
carinus_4679.jpg
Carinus, eagle year 1; Milne 467913 viewsCarinus, first half 283 - spring 285 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4679, Curtis 1913, Geissen 3169, Emmett 4005, Dattari 5577, aVF, Alexandria mint, 7.542g, 17.8mm, 0o, as Caesar, 29 Aug 282 - first half 283 A.D.; obverse A K M A KAPINOC K, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse , eagle standing between two vexilla left, wings open, head turned back, wreath in beak, LA (year 1) above. Ex FORVMPodiceps
carinus_tetra4701.jpg
Carinus, Elpis year 2; Milne 470116 viewsCarinus, first half 283 - Spring 285 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4701, Curtis 1917, Geissen 3178, Emmett 4007, BMC Alexandria -, VF, Alexandria mint, 6.924g, 19.10mm, 29 Aug 283 - 28 Aug 284 A.D.; obverse A K M A KAPINOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse, Elpis standing left, holding flower and raising fold of dress, date L-B (year 2) across field. Elpis was the Greek equivalent of the Roman Spes, the goddess of hope. She was traditionally defined as 'the last goddess' (Spes, ultima dea), meaning that hope is the last resource available to men. Elpis personified hope for good harvests, and for children, and was invoked at births, marriages, and other important times. Ex FORVMPodiceps
241- Carinus, Helmeted.JPG
Carinus, Helmeted31 viewsAE Antoninianus, 283-285 AD, Rome Mint
Obverse: IMP CARINVS PF AVG, Helmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield.
Reverse: VICTORIA AVGG, Victory advancing left with wreath and palm. A Left
RIC 220; Cohen 153; Bastien 610, two examples BM and Oxford. Rare.
23mm, 3.02gm.
Jerome Holderman
carinus_milne_4737.jpg
Carinus, Homonoia, year 319 viewsCarinus, first half 283 - spring 285 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4737, Curtis 1922, BMC Alexandria 2455, Geissen 3185, Dattari 5586, Emmett 4009 (R2), aVF, Alexandria mint, 7.050g, 19.7mm, 0o, 29 Aug 284 - spring 285 A.D.; obverse A K M A KAPINOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse ETOYC “G” (year 3), Homonoia standing left, raising right arm, double cornucopia in left; near black patina with green highlighting; scarce. Homonoia was the goddess (or spirit or personification) of harmony, concord, unanimity, and oneness of mind. She is usually depicted either seated or standing with a cornucopia. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Carinus_4738.jpg
Carinus, Nike year 3; Milne 473821 viewsCarinus, first half 283 - Spring 285 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4738, Curtis 1926, BMC Alexandria 2457, Geissen 3186, SNG Cop 958, Emmett 4010, aVF, Alexandria mint, 7.860g, 19.1mm, 0o, 29 Aug 284 - spring 285 A.D.; obverse A K M A KAPINOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse ETOYC “Γ” (year 3), Nike advancing right, wreath in right, palm frond over shoulder in left; flan flaw, flat centers; scarce. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Carinus, Prinipi Iventius.jpg
Carinus, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT137 viewsSilvered antoninianus

M AVR CARINVS NOB C, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right;
PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Carinus standing left holding standard and spear
IXXI? in exergue; struck with damaged die (exergue);
RIC -,

EF, 4.94g, 24.6mm, 180o, Ticinum mint, very rare
Ex Forum.

Variety not listed in RIC. RIC lists holding globe and spear and other similar types, but not the combination of spear and standard.

Three specimens in the Venera Hoard, all with VXXI in exergue.
wolfgang336
Carinus RIC-220.JPG
Carinus, RIC 220 Lugdunum24 viewsAE Antoninianus. Lugdunum Mint, 283-285 AD.
Obverse: IMP CARINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Reverse: VICTORIA AVGG, Victory advancing left holding wreath & palm, A to left.
20mm, 3.8gm
RIC 220; Cohen 151; La Venera 143-168 (26 spec)
Jerome Holderman
Carinus,_RIC_325.JPG
Carinus, RIC 32518 viewsIMP C M AVR CARINVS PF AVG
VIRTVS AVGG
AE Antoninianus, 21mm, 3.74g
Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Carinus receives globe with victory from Carus, star above, H between
XXI in ex.
Antioch mint
novacystis
CARINUS-1-ROMAN.jpg
Carinus, RIC V(2)-324 Cyzicus10 viewsAE Antoninianus
Cyzicus mint, 284 A.D.
22mm, 2.84g
RIC V(2)-324, RCVv.3-12342

Obverse:
IMP M AVR CARINVS P F AVG
Radiate and draped bust right.

Reverse:
CLEMENTIA TEMP
Γ in center field
XXI in exergue
Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
Will J
carinus_LA.jpg
Carinus, Tyche, Year 18 viewsCarinus, first half 283 - spring 285 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. 27347. Billon tetradrachm, Laureate bust , ..PINO..; TYCHE STANDING LEFT, HOLDING CORNUCOPEA AND RUDDER, Date L A (year 1), ABOBE LEFT. CURTIS 1929, BMC 2448. Podiceps
carinus1-horz~0.jpg
Carinus. 282-284 AD. antoninianus33 viewsM AVR CARINVS NOB CAES, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed
PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left holding ensign and scepter

Not listed in RIC.
1 commentsPedja R
d_059.JPG
Carinus. 283-285 AD. Æ Antoninianus. Cyzicus mint.21 viewsIMP M AVR CARINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / CLEMENTIA TEMP, Carinus standing right, holding sceptre and receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre; B/XXI. Cohen 20. RIC 324 Antonivs Protti
divocaro.jpg
Carus - RIC 4710 viewsCarus, posthumous antoninianus, struck by Carinus, 284 AD.
DIVO CARO, radiate head right /
CONSECRATIO, eagle standing left, head right, wings spread. Mintmark KAA.
xokleng
carus.jpg
Carus AE Antoninianus. Antioch mint, 282-283 AD.19 viewsCarus AE Antoninianus. Antioch mint, 282-283 AD. IMP C M AVR CARVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / VIRTVS AVGG, Carus standing right, receiving Victory from Jupiter, Carinus or Numerian, standing left. officina letter B in lower centre, mintmark XXI. Sear 12188. RIC 124, B1 commentsBritanikus
carus-merged.jpg
Carus AE Antoninianus. March 283 AD, Antioch14 viewsRoman Imperial, Carus AE Antoninianus, (283 AD), Antioch mint, 3.4g, 20.37mm

Obverse: IMP CM AVR CARVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: VIRTVS AVGGG, Carinus or Numerian receiving Victory from Carus, officina letter below, XXI in ex. "Virtue of the Three Emperors" "Twenty parts base metal to one part silver ratio value"

Reference: Sear5 12190; RIC 125.
Gil-galad
artikel_pic657.JPG
Carus Alexandria18 viewsA K M A KAPOC CEB, Laureate and draped bust right.
L A, Athena saeted left on throne, with Nike and Spear.
Emmett unlisted.

TETRADRACHM, L A year 1

20,3mm, 8.39gr, Die 0.

Unlisted en unique specimen, probably a mule. Same reverse as Carinus(die match) Emmett 4001 LA Augustus.
Ed D
00466q00.jpg
Carus and Carinus6 viewsAE-Antoninianus
CARVS ET CARINVS AVGG; Jugate busts of Carus, radiate and cuirassed, and Carinus, radiate and draped, right.
VICTORIA AVGG; Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm; A in left field.
Ex: -
Lugdunum
RIC V, 143
Julianus of Pannonia
artikel_pic365.JPG
Carus Antioch14 viewsIMP C M AVR CARVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
VIRTVS AVGG, Carinus receiving Globe from Carus.
RIC124C.

Ex. B/XXI

21mm, 3.4gr, Die.330

1th emission Nov.282
Ed D
artikel_pic326.JPG
Carus Antioch21 viewsIMP C M AVR CARVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
VIRTVS AVGGG,Carinus or Numerian receiving Victory from Carus, star above.
RIC125C.

Ex. * A/XXI

21mm, 3.9gr, Die 180

2nd emission Febr.
Ed D
061117d.jpg
Carus Silvered Antoninianus, RIC 127 Antioch29 viewsObverse - DIVO CARO AVG. Radiate bust right
Reverse - CONSECRATIO. Tall, garlanded, burning altar, Delta to the right, XXI (1/20 silver) in ex.
21.3 mm., 3.3g
Posthumous Consecration Issue struck under Carinus and or Numerian
sold 4-2018
1 commentsNORMAN K
artikel_pic666.JPG
Carus Tripolis10 viewsIMP C M AVR CARVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
VIRTVS AVGG, Emporer st. right, holding sceptre, holding globe with Carinus or Numerian, st.left holding sceptre.
RIC128C

Ex. TR/XXI

23mm, 4.8gr, Die 345.

1th emission febr.283
Ed D
Divo_Caro.jpg
Divo Caro anto. 27 viewsAntoninianus minted in 284 AD under Carinus & Numerianus for their father, Carus. Lvgdvnvm mint.
4.09 grs & 20 mm.
Observe : radiate head right. DIVO CARO PIO.
Reverse : eagle stg left with head right. CONSECRATIO. II in exergue.
RIC 29.
labienus
EB0670_scaled.JPG
EB0670 Carinus / Nike11 viewsCarinus 283-285, billon tetradrachm of Alexandria, year 3 = 284-285.
Obverse: A K M A KA PINOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: ETOVS Γ to left and right of Nike advancing right, holding wreath and palm.
References: Dattari 5590, Milne 4738, Sear 12383, Emmett 4010.
Diameter: 18.5mm Weight: 7.482g
EB
EB0671_scaled.JPG
EB0671 Carinus / Tyche8 viewsCarinus, 283-285, billon tetradrachm of Alexandria, year 1 = 283/284.
Obverse: A K M A KA PINOC K, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia, LA in upper left field.
References: Milne 4667; Köln 3172; Dattari 5576.
Diameter: 19.5mm Weight: 7.309g
EB
EB0672_scaled.JPG
EB0672 Carinus / Tyche7 viewsCarinus, 283-285, billon tetradrachm of Alexandria, year 1 = 283/284.
Obverse: A K M A KA PINOC K, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia, LA in upper left field.
References: Milne 4667; Köln 3172; Dattari 5576.
Diameter: 18.5mm Weight: 6.239g
EB
EB0863_scaled.JPG
EB0863 Carus / Victory from Jupiter7 viewsCarus 282-283, AE (possibly silvered) Antoninianus, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP CM AVR CARVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VIRTVS AVGGG, Carus standing right, receiving Victory from Jupiter, Carinus or Numerian, standing left. officina letter Z below. Mintmark XXI.
References: RIC 125, Z; Sear 12190.
Diameter: 20.5mm, Weight: 4.294g.
EB
EB0865_scaled.JPG
EB0865 Carinus / PRINCIPI IVVENTVT8 viewsCarinus 283-285, Antoninianus, Rome, AD 282.
Obverse: M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left holding standard and sceptre. Mintmark RЄ.
References: Cohen 103; RIC V-2, 158; Sear 12303.
Diameter: 21.5mm, Weight: 3.546g.
EB
Carinus_04.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 282/283, Carinus, Tyche 10 viewsCarinus as Caesar
Alexandria AD 282-283
Billon-Tetradrachm
Obv.: A K M A KAPINOC K, laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: LA (year 1, 282-283), Tyche standing left, rudder in right, cornucopia in left
Billon, 7.71g, 18.8mm
Ref.: Geissen 3172, Dattari 5576, Kampmann/Ganschow 115.3
shanxi
Carinus_05.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 283/284, Carinus, Elpis10 viewsCarinus 283-285
Alexandria
Billon-Tetradrachm
Obv.: A K M A KAPINOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: Elpis standing left, holding flower and raising dress, date L-B (year 2)
Billon, 7.78g, 19.2mm
Ref.: Milne 4701, Curtis 1917, Geissen 3178, Emmett 4007
shanxi
Carinus_03.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 284/285, Carinus, Eagle13 viewsCarinus 283-285
Alexandria
LEG II TRAIANA
Billon-Tetradrachm
Obv.: A K M A KAPINOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: ΛEΓ B TΡAI, eagle standing left, wreath in beak, head turned back, L Γ (year 3 =284-285) right
Billon, 6.94g, 18.85mm
Ref.: Geissen 3183, D5593, Kampmann/Ganschow 115.16
shanxi
Carinus_01.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 284/285, Carinus, Homonoia 11 viewsCarinus 283-285
Alexandria
Billon-Tetradrachm
Obv.: A K M A KAPINOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: ETOYC Γ (year 3), Homonoia standing left, raising right arm, double cornucopia in left
Billon, 8.23g, 19.2mm
Ref.: Milne 4737, Curtis 1922, BMC 2455, Geissen 3185, Dattari 5586
Ex Dionysos Numsimatik
shanxi
spes.jpg
ELPIS14 viewsCarinus
AK MA KARINOS CEB
LB
Sear 3484
frederic
magnia_urbica_345.jpg
Magnia Urbica RIC V, 34523 viewsMagnia Urbica, AD 283-285, Augusta, wife of Carinus
AE - Antoninianus, 4.67g, 180°
Ticinum AD 283, 2nd officina
obv. MAGNIA VRBICA AVG
Bust, draped in trabea and wearing stephane, on crescent, r.
rev. VENVS CELEST.
Venus in long double chiton and mantle stg. frontal, head l., resting with raised l. hand on sceptre and
holding in extended r. hand apple
in ex. SXXI
ref. RIC V/2, 345, pl. VIII, 4; C.9
rare (R1), about EF
4 commentsJochen
URBICA-1.jpg
Magnia Urbica, wife of Carinus. Augusta, 283-285 CE.154 viewsAE Antoninianus (22 mm, 3.26 gm). Rome mint, 284-285 CE.
Obv: MAGN VRBICA AVG, Diademed draped bust r., on crescent.
Rev: VENVS VICTRIX. Venus standing left, holding scepter and helmet, her shield leans against the front of her leg. Exe: KAS.
RIC, 343; Cohen 17; Sear 3490.
EmpressCollector
coin205.JPG
Numerian19 viewsÆ Antoninianus Siscia Mint
Radiate and cuirassed bust, r.
IMP C NVMERIANVS P F AVG
Emperor and Carinus sacrificing at altar; two ensigns in background; In ex.: SMSXXI(gamma)
VOTA PVBLICA
RIC V 461

Check
1 commentsecoli
artikel_pic669.JPG
Numerian Antioch33 viewsIMP C M AVR NVMERIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
VIRTVS AVGG, Numerian and Carinus holding Victory on globe.
RIC466C.

Ex. * A/XXI

20mm, 4.4gr, Die 0.

4e emission may/june 284
Ed D
artikel_pic225.JPG
Numerian Siscia11 viewsIMP C NVMERIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
VOTA PVBLICA, Numerian and Carinus standing, facing each other, each sacrificing over altar and holding a standard.
RIC461C

Ex. SMSXXIΓ

22mm, 3.8gr, Die 0

6th. emission July 284
Ed D
artikel_pic401.JPG
Numerian Siscia10 viewsIMP C NVMERIANVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
VIRTVS AVGG, Numerian and Carinus holding Victory on Globe.
RIC467F

Ex. Γ/XXI

21mm, 3.4gr, Die 180.

5e emission beginning 284.

Ed D
Carinus4.jpg
Numerian Tetradrachm Milne 4674, Eagle16 viewsOBV: A K M AN NOVMEPIANOC K C, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
REV: LA (year 1) above eagle standing facing between two vexilla, head right with wreath in its beak
9.3g, 20mm

Minted at Alexandria, Egypt, 283 AD
Legatus
artikel_pic547.JPG
Numerian Tripolis33 viewsIMP C M AVR NVMERIANVS P F AVG Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
VIRTVS AVGG Numerian st. right, holding Globe with Carinus st. left, both holding scepter.
RIC470C

Ex. * TR/XXI

22mm, 3.8gr, Die 165

2nd emission may/june 284
Ed D
Numerian_Virtus~0.JPG
Numerian Virtus28 viewsIMP C M AVR NVMERIANVS P F AVG, Radiate and draped bust right VIRTVS AVGG, Numerian and Carinus holding Victory on globe. Antioch Numerianus Ex. S/XXI, 4th emission may/june 283
Wildwinds:
Numerian Æ Antoninianus. Antioch mint. IMP C M AVR NVMERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / VIRTVS AV-GG,
Numerian standing right, holding scepter and receiving Victory on globe from Carus standing left, holding long scepter.

SCARCE
Romanorvm
Numerian,_283_-_284_AD,_Antoninianus,_Antioch_Mint.jpg
Numerian, 283 - 284 AD, Antoninianus, Antioch Mint33 viewsAE Antoninianus, Antioch Mint, 20mm, 3.9 grams
Obverse: IMP C M AVR NVMERIANVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Numerian right.
Reverse: VIRTVS AVGG, Carinus and Numerian facing one another, on right holds spear and presents Victory to one on left who holds sceptre. XXI in exergue, ED in field between.
Sear12256 // RIC466 _4801
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
numerian_tripolis.jpg
Numerian, AD 283-2847 viewsAE Antoninianus, 3.6g, 22mm, 12h; Tripolis mint.
Obv.: IMP C M AVR NUMERIANVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right.
Rev.: VIRTVS AVGG; star / TR // XXI; Carinus and Numerian, both in military attire, standing facing each other, the figure on right presenting to the other a globe, the one on left holding short sceptre, the other resting on spear.
Reference: RIC V(b) Numerianus 470, p. 202.
Notes: ex-Coin Galleries Mail Bid Sale, April 17, 1975, No. 381. Sold to CN, 10/19/15.
John Anthony
numerian_422.jpg
Numerianus, RIC 42228 viewsNumerianus, AD 283/284, youngest son of Carus and brother of Carinus
AE - Antoninianus, 23mm, 4.3g
Rome, AD 283, 6th officina
obv. IMP NVMERIANVS AVG
Bust, cuirassed, radiate, r.
rev. VNDIQVE VI - CTORES
Emperor in military cloak, stg. l., holding sceptre in l. hand and globe in outstretched r. hand.
in ex. KA Digamma
RIC V/2, 422; C.121

The rev. legend, meaning 'Victories everywhere' (literally 'victors everywhere'), is very rare and appears here for the first time!
Jochen
carinus_156.jpg
PIETAS AVGG, priestly implements. RIC V 156 Rome2 viewsCarinus, first half 283 - spring 285 A.D. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 156, F, Rome mint, 3.990g, 22.0mm, 0o, as Caesar 283 A.D.; obverse M AVR CARINVS NOB C, draped and cuirassed radiate bust right; reverse PIETAS AVGG, priestly implements. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Carus_02.jpg
RIC 5b, p.150, 125 - Carus, Carus and Carinus14 viewsCarus
Antoninian, Antiochia
Obv.: IMP C M AVR CARVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: VIRTVS AVGG / XXI, Carus and Carinus standing with scepter, holding victory on globe, star above, Γ below
4.28g, 21.1mm
Ref.: RIC 125
Ex Helios Numismatik
shanxi
Carinus_02.jpg
RIC 5b, p.157, 155 - Carinus, priestly implements29 viewsCarinus
Antoninianus, Rome mint
Obv.: M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES, draped and cuirassed radiate bust right
Rev.: PIETAS AVGG, sprinkler, simpulum, jug, patera, knife and lituus, KAZ in ex
4.20g, 21.3x23.3mm
RIC 155, C 74
Ex Helios-Numismatik
1 commentsshanxi
maxim_alex_potin_tet.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - Carinus14 viewsROMAN EMPIRE - Carinus (283-285 AD) Potin Tetradrachm, Alexandria Mint. Obv.: Laureate and cuirassed bust right - "A K M A KAPINOC CEB". Reverse: "ETOYC" and "Γ" - Homonoia standing left with cornucopia. Γ = year 3.
This type was only struck for Carinus. Reference: Emmett 4009.
dpaul7
moneta 468 b.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Carinus, Egypt, Alexandria, Tetradrachm33 viewsobv: Laureate and cuirassed bust right
rev: Eagle standing left, between vexilla, wings open, head turned back, with wreath in beak. Star to left, above LB.
Struck 282-285 at Alexandria, Egypt
Milne 4728?
Jericho
CARUS_DIVO_Tetradrachm_Altar.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, CARUS. Commemorative Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria. Struck A.D.283 - 28415 viewsObverse: ΘEω KAPω CEB. Laureate head of Carus facing right.
Reverse: AΦIEPωCIC. Round, burning and garlanded altar on base, star in upper left field.
GICV : 4777 | Emmett 3995.

This coin is an undated posthumous type struck under Carinus and Numerian and bearing the legend AΦIEPωCIC, one of the most interesting features of the Alexandrian coinage of Marcus Aurelius Carus.
*Alex
bpS1S1Carinus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Carinus32 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: AEQVITAS AVGG
Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopiae.
Antoninianus, 3.5 gm, 22.1 mm, Rome RIC 238
Massanutten
Carinus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Carinus16 viewsPotin Tetradrachm A K M A KA-PINOC CEB, laureate cuirassed bust right / LA to left, Tyche standing left holding rudder and cornucopia. Milne 4667 Emmett 4012Mike C
RIC_V-II_197F_Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C-(F)_PRINCIP-I-IVVENT_T_XXI_RIC-V-II-197v_-p-162-2nd-emiss_Siscia_282-AD_Q-001_5h_20,5-22mm_3,49g-sx.jpg
Roman Empire, Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 197F, Siscia, -/T//XXI, PRINCIPI IVVENT, Carinus standing left, #1335 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 197F, Siscia, -/T//XXI, PRINCIPI IVVENT, Carinus standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers: PRINCIP-I-IVVENT, Carinus standing left with Baton and Spear. "T" in the right field.
exerg: -/T//XXI, diameter: 20,5-22mm, weight: 3,49g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd.em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-197F, p-162,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Carinus_AE-Ant_M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES_PROVIDENTIA-AVG_II_XXI_RIC-V--p-RIC-T--rd-off-iss-_Siscia_271-AD__Q-001_axis-h_23-24mm_4,21g-s.jpg
Roman Empire, Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in RIC, Siscia, -/II//XXI, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left,277 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in RIC, Siscia, -/II//XXI, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left,
avers:- M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PROVIDENTIA-AVG, -/II/XXI, Providentia standing left, holding globe, and sceptre (tranverse), II in right field.
exerg: -/II//XXI, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 4,21g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 1st issue, 2nd officina, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II Not in RIC, ,
Q-001
quadrans
carinus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Carinus AE Ant - Rare Possibly Unpublished Variant660 viewsAE Antoninianus. Siscia. M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right/ FIDES MILITVM Fides standing left holding two standards, star P in right field, XXI in ex. CHEF. Rare, possibly unpublished variant.
2 commentsLordBest
100_Rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CARINUS ANTONINIANUS fides militivm Rome Mint42 viewsOBV:imp c carinvs p f avg,radiate cuirassed bust right
REV:fides militvm,Fides standing left with a standard in each hand.
MINT:ROME RIC 253
WEIGHT:3.6G
SIZE:22MM
Adrian W
Carinus_Caesar.JPG
Roman Empire, CARINUS as Caesar. AE Antoninianus of Rome. Struck A.D.282 - 28316 viewsObverse: M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Carinus facing right.
Reverse: PIETAS AVGG. Sacrificial/pontifical implements; in exergue, KAZ.
Diameter: 22mm | Weight: 3.3gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC V ii : 156
*Alex
Carinus, Prinipi Iventius~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Carinus PRINCIPI IVVENTVT850 viewsEx Forum. Silvered antoninianus, RIC -, EF, 4.94g, 24.6mm, 180o, Ticinum mint, obverse M AVR CARINVS NOB C, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Carinus standing left holding standard and spear, IXXI? in exergue; struck with damaged die (exergue); very rare

Variety not listed in RIC. RIC lists holding globe and spear and other similar types, but not the combination of spear and standard.

Three specimens in the Venera Hoard, all with VXXI in exergue.
1 commentswolfgang336
Carinus_RIC158-RE.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Carinus Rome93 viewsM AVR CARINVS NOB CAES, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left holding Ensign and Sceptre.
RIC158C

Ex. R Є

21mm, 4.4gr, Die 180.

1th emission Nov.282
1 commentsEd D
carinus_ae22.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Carinus, AE Antoninianus7 viewsCarinus

AE 22mm
seaotter
Carinus-Ant-LUGDUNUM_links_RIC_150.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CARINUS, Antoninianus - RIC Vii:150 (left)33 viewsAv) CARINVS NOBIL CAES
Radiate and cuirassed bust left, holding spear over right shoulder and in the left hand shield, emblazoned with the head of Medusa

Rv) PRINCIPI IVVENTVT
Field: C
Carinus standing left, holding globe and sceptre

Weight: 3,6g; Ø: 22mm; Reference: RIC V/II/150 left;
LUGDUNUM mint, struck between october 282 - March 283 beeing Caesar under his father Carus

1 commentssulcipius
8MG_0967_Carinus_Avers_640_320.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Carinus, Lugdunum mint, struck 282 AD, AE Antoninianus48 viewsCARINVS NOBIL CAES radiate-headed and cuirassed bust left
SAECVLI FELICITAS, D Carinus standing right
RIC 152, Cohen 117
very fine
dupondius
Carinus 326 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Carinus, RIC 32556 viewsCarinus
AE Antoninianus
Antioch Mint. 283-285 A.D.
Obv: IMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG - Radiate & cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS AVGG - Emperor receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus).
Exergue: H over XXI
Ref: RIC 325. Cohen 181.
Notes: Undated. Officina 7.
1 commentsseraphic
Numerian_Denarius.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, NUMERIAN, Lugdunum mint, struck April 283 AD, silvered Denarius182 viewsIMP NVMERIANVS AVG laureate-headed and cuirassed bust right holding spear.
SPES PVBLICA Numerian and Carinus on horseback right.
Cohen 90 (20 Fr.), Bastien 526
4 commentsdupondius
DIVONUMERIAN_KAA~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, NUMERIAN. Commemorative AE Antoninianus of Rome. Struck A.D.284 - 285 under Carinus17 viewsObverse: DIVO NVMERIANO. Radiate head of Numerian facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle standing facing, head left; in exergue, KAA.
RIC V ii : 424
RARE

Though mis-rated as common by Cohen and RIC, antoninianii of Divus Numerian are in fact quite rare: there were only 15 of his antoninianii of all types in the Venera hoard, as compared to 25 antoninianii of the 'very rare' Divus Nigrinian. - source HJB
*Alex
Roman_Imperial_RIC295.jpg
Roman Imperial: Carinus (283-285 CE) BIL Antoninianus, Ticinum (RIC-295; Cohen-24; Sear-12343)17 viewsObv: IMP CARINVS P F AVG; Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front
Rev: FELICIT PVBLICA; Felicitas standing left, resting left arm on column, holding caduceus; TXXI in exergue
SpongeBob
rjb_seal1_08_06.jpg
Roman lead seal30 viewsRoman lead seal, 22mm x 20mm depcting a male and femal bust face to face in the style of the late 3rd/early 4th century AD; Carinus and Magnia Urbica or Diocletian and Prisca?mauseus
Screenshot_2019-07-02_15_06_21.png
Roman Provincial, Egypt, Carinus as Caesar, Billon Potin Tetradrachm.13 viewsAlexandria Year 3 = 284-285 A.D. 8.18g - 19mm, Axis 12h.

Obv: A K M A KAΡINOC CEB - Laureate and cuirassed bust right.

Rev: ETOVS Γ - Nike walking right, holding wreath and palm.

Dattari 5590; Milne 4738; Sear 12383; Emmett 4010.
Scarce.
scarli
carinus_forum_portrait.jpg
Roman, CARINUS, as Caesar. 282-283 AD. Antoninianus.160 viewsbruno v
Numerian_33.jpg
S101 viewsNumerian as Caesar Antoninianus

Attribution: RIC 361, Rome, scarce
Date: AD 282
Obverse: M AVR NVMERIANVS NOB C, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: PRINCIPI I-VVENTVT, Prince stg. l. holding baton and scepter
"delta" KA in exergue
Size: 21.1 mm
Weight: 3.2 grams

After the sudden death of Carus in August AD 283, the command of the Persian expedition passed on to his 30 year old son, Numerian. Numerian, although a very responsible and capable man, was merely given the title of Caesar by his father, while his older brother, Carinus, governed the western provinces as joint Augustus. This was most likely due to the fact that Numerian was known for his poetry, not his ability to rule. While off on his Mesopotamian campaign, Numerian developed a serious eye infection which left him partially blind. After a successful campaign and the capture of Ctesiphon, Numerian ordered the withdrawal of Roman troops. On the return trip as they crossed Asia Minor, Numerian was allegedly murdered by his father-in-law, praetorian commander Lucius Flavius Aper. The murder remained undetected until the stench of the emperor’s rotting corpse revealed the heinous deed. Upon their arrival at Nicomedia in November AD 284, Aper was “tried” and convicted of the murder without being given much of a chance to prove his case. Aper was killed by Diocles, commander of the bodyguard, who ran him through with his sword. With Numerian dead and Aper now out of the way, the troops proclaimed Diocles, who then became known as Diocletian, as the new emperor. This would be the beginning of a brand new era in Roman history.

“Numerian, the son of Carus, was of excellent character and truly worthy to rule; he was notable, moreover, for his eloquence, so much so, in fact, that even as a boy he declaimed in public, and his writings came to be famous, though more suitable for declamation than in keeping with Cicero's style. In verse, furthermore, he is said to have had such skill that he surpassed all the poets of his time… The speech, moreover, which he sent to the senate is said to have been so eloquent that a statue was voted him not as a Caesar but as a rhetorician, to be set up in the Ulpian Library with the following inscription: ‘To Numerian Caesar, the most powerful orator of his time.’" –Historia Augusta The Lives of Carus, Carinus, and Numerian XI
1 commentsNoah
CARINCAES_PIETAS_KAZ.JPG
Struck A.D.282 - 283. CARINUS as Caesar. AE Antoninianus of Rome3 viewsObverse: M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Carinus facing right.
Reverse: PIETAS AVGG. Sacrificial/pontifical implements; in exergue, KAZ.
Diameter: 22mm | Weight: 3.3gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC V ii : 156
*Alex
CARINUS_TET_LA.JPG
Struck A.D.282 - 283. CARINUS as CAESAR. Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria. 9 viewsObverse: A K M A KAPINOC K. Laureate and cuirassed bust of Carinus facing right.
Reverse: No legend. Tyche (Fortuna) standing facing left, holding rudder in her right hand and cornucopiae in her left; in left field, LA (Year one of Carus).
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 7.5gms | Die Axis: 12
GICV : 4778
*Alex
CARUS_DIV_ALTAR_TET.JPG
Struck A.D.283 - 284 under Carinus and Numerian. CARUS. Posthumous commemorative AE Tetradrachm of Alexandria.8 viewsObverse: ΘEW KAPW CEB. Laureate head of Carus facing right.
Reverse: AΦIEPOCIC. Round, burning and garlanded altar on base, star in upper left field.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 7.1gms | Die Axis: 12
GICV : 4777 | Emmett 3995

This coin is an undated posthumous type bearing the legend AΦIEPOCIC, one of the most interesting features of the Alexandrian coinage of Marcus Aurelius Carus.
*Alex
DV_CARUS_TET_EAGLE.JPG
Struck A.D.283 - 284 under Carinus and Numerian. CARUS. Posthumous commemorative AE Tetradrachm of Alexandria.12 viewsObverse: ΘEW KAPW CEB. Laureate head of Carus facing right.
Reverse: AΦIEPOCIC. Eagle standing facing on rod, head right, wings open.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 7.96gms | Die Axis: 12
GICV : 4776
Ex Zurqieh (Dubai)

This coin is an undated posthumous type bearing the legend AΦIEPOCIC, one of the most interesting features of the Alexandrian coinage of Marcus Aurelius Carus.
*Alex
DIVOCARO_ALTAR_XXI.JPG
Struck A.D.283 - 284 under Carinus and Numerian. DIVUS CARUS. Commemorative AE Antoninianus of Antioch18 viewsObverse: DIVO CARO AVG. Radiate head of Carus facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Lighted, garlanded altar; in right field Δ ; in exergue, XXI.
Diameter: 21mm | Weight: 4.11gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC V ii : 127
1 comments*Alex
DIVOCARO_EAGLE_II.JPG
Struck A.D.283 - 284 under Carinus and Numerian. DIVUS CARUS. Commemorative AE Antoninianus of Lugdunum21 viewsObverse: DIVO CARO PIO. Radiate head of Carus facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle standing facing left, head right; in exergue, II.
Diameter: 22mm | Weight: 3.2gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC V ii : 29
1 comments*Alex
CARUS_DIVO_EAGLE_BILLON_TET.JPG
Struck A.D.283 - 284 under Carinus and Numerian. DIVUS CARUS. Commemorative AE Tetradrachm of Alexandria4 viewsObverse: ΘEW KAPW CEB. Laureate head of Carus facing right.
Reverse: AΦIEPOCIC. Eagle standing facing on rod, head right, wings open.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 7.96gms | Die Axis: 12
GICV : 4776

This coin is an undated posthumous type bearing the legend AΦIEPOCIC, one of the most interesting features of the Alexandrian coinage of Marcus Aurelius Carus.

Carus died in mysterious circumstances during his Persian campaign against the Sassanids, it was claimed that during a violent dust storm he had been killed by a stroke of lightning. Carus was succeeded by his eldest son Carinus, who had been left in Rome and Numerian, Carinus' younger brother, who had accompanied Carus on the Persian campaign and had been proclaimed emperor by the troops when Carus was killed.
*Alex
CARUS_DIV_ALTAR_TET~0.JPG
Struck A.D.283 - 284 under Carinus and Numerian. DIVUS CARUS. Commemorative AE Tetradrachm of Alexandria.12 viewsObverse: ΘEW KAPW CEB. Laureate head of Carus facing right.
Reverse: AΦIEPOCIC. Round, burning and garlanded altar on base, star in upper left field.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 7.1gms | Die Axis: 12
GICV : 4777 | Emmett 3995

This coin is an undated posthumous type bearing the legend AΦIEPOCIC, one of the most interesting features of the Alexandrian coinage of Marcus Aurelius Carus.

Carus died in mysterious circumstances during his Persian campaign against the Sassanids, it was claimed that during a violent dust storm he had been killed by a stroke of lightning. Carus was succeeded by his eldest son Carinus, who had been left in Rome and Numerian, Carinus' younger brother, who had accompanied Carus on the Persian campaign and had been proclaimed emperor by the troops when Carus was killed.
*Alex
CARINAVG_AEQV_KAZ.JPG
Struck A.D.283 - 285. CARINUS as Augustus. Silvered Antoninianus of Rome8 viewsObverse: IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Carinus facing right.
Reverse: AEQVITAS AVGG. Aequitas standing facing left, holding scales in her right hand and cornucopiae in her left; in exergue, KAZ.
Diameter: 21mm | Weight: 3.6gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC V ii : 238
*Alex
DIVONUMERIAN_KAA.JPG
Struck A.D.284 - 285 under Carinus. DIVUS NUMERIAN. Commemorative AE Antoninianus of Rome4 viewsObverse: DIVO NVMERIANO. Radiate head of Numerian facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle standing facing, head left; in exergue, KAA.
Diameter: 22mm | Weight: 4.0gms | Die Axis: 7
RIC V ii : 424
VERY RARE

Though misrated as common by Cohen and RIC, antoninianii of Divus Numerian are in fact quite rare: there were only 15 of his antoninianii of all types in the Venera hoard, as compared to 25 antoninianii of the 'very rare' Divus Nigrinian. - source HJB

Numerian, who had accompanied Carus on the Persian campaign, was proclaimed emperor by the troops when Carus was killed. However, as he led the army back to Europe, it was discovered that he had been murdered in his litter.
*Alex
A_and_V_Antioch_1st_Wkshp_Large.jpg
Vabalathus and Aurelian Antioch 1st Officina15 viewsVabalathus: 270 - 272 AD; Aurelian: 270 - 275 AD
Julius Aurelius Septimius Vabalathus Athenodorus (Wahb Allat), son of Septimius Odaenathus and Septimia Zenobia. Palmyrene Empire.
Obv: VABALATHVS V C R IM D R1; Bust of Vabalathus, laureate, diademed, draped and curiassed, facing right.
Rev: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG; Bust of Aurelian, radiate and curiassed, facing right, from the front, A in exergue.
Denomination: billion antoninianus; Mint: Antioch; Officina: 1st; Issue: 1st; Date: Nov. 270 - Mar. 272; Weight: 2.73g; Diameter: 20.5mm; Die axis: 0º; References, for example: RIC V v.1 381 correc; MER - RIC 3102; SRCV III 11718

Notes:

1VABALATHVS V[IR] C[LARISSIMUS] R[EX] IM[PERATOR] D[UX] R[OMANORUM]. See for example, Bland (2011), pp. 135, 141 and Estiot, p. 118, esp. note 462. Although Potter, page 267 and footnote 24 postulates V[IR] C[ONSULARIS] for the mint at Antioch I would certainly side with Bland and Estiot.

Which side of this coin is the obverse and which side is the reverse?
Webb in RIC V, v.1 puts great weight on the titulature of Aurelian and mentions that mint marks on the obverse of coins were not unknown at Antioch. He considers the coin to have been struck as a sign of vassalage instead of having been struck as an insult. Webb states that Aurelian’s bust is on the obverse of the coin (p. 260). Robertson, pp. cxix and 142 also considers Aurelian’s bust to be on the obverse of the coin, but does not state an explicit reason for her position. Mattingly (1936) holds that the mint mark is the determining factor, and therefore believes that Aurelian’s bust is on the reverse of the coin. In SRCV III, p. 442 Sear follows the reasoning of Mattingly and although Vagi agrees that Aurelian’s bust is on the reverse of the coin (p. 403) he does not explicitly state his reason for believing so. Estiot states that the officina mark under the bust of Aurelian clearly indicates that his portrait is on the reverse of the coin (p. 118). Bland (2011) follows suit. When discussing this issue from Antioch he states that the officina mark is always placed on the reverse of coins. He notes that the placement of the officina mark sent a signal that Aurelian was “...being accorded a lower status than Vabalathus, although he was given his correct titles of Imperator and Augustus, and he wore a radiate crown, also traditionally associated with the senior Augustus” (p. 142 - 3). Watson argues that Queen Zenobia’s assertion of Palmyrene independence from Rome took place gradually (pp. 67 - 9). Bland believes that the placement of the officina mark under the bust of Aurelian on this coin was just another step in that assertion of independence.

Photo credits: Forum Ancient Coins

Sources

Bland 2011: Bland, Roger. “The Coinage of Vabalathus and Zenobia from Antioch and Alexandria" in Numismatic Chronicle, 171 (2011): 133 - 186.
Estiot, Sylviane. Monnaies de L’Empire romain XII.1: D’Aurelian à Florien (270 - 276 apres J.-C.). Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France, 2004.
Mattingly 1936: Mattingly, Harold. “The Palmyrene Princes and the Mints of Antioch and Alexandria.” The Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Royal Numismatic Society, fifth Series, vol. 16, no. 62 (1936): pp. 89 - 114.
MER - RIC: Maison de l’Orient et la Méditerranée: Monnaies de l’Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276. Accessed March 6, 2019. http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/home.
Potter, David S. The Roman Empire at Bay: AD 180 - 395. New York: Routledge, 2004
RIC V v.1: Webb, Percy. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. V, Part 1: Valerian to Florian, edited by Harold Mattingly and Edward Sydenham. London: Spink & Son, 1927.
Robertson, Anne. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, Vol. IV Valerian I to Allectus. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978.
SRCV III: Sear, David. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. III: Maximinus I to Carinus. London: Spink, 2005.
Vagi, David. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire, Volume One: History. Sidney, Ohio: Coin World, 1999.
Watson, Alaric. Aurelian and the Third Century. New York: Routledge, 1999.
Tracy Aiello
A_and_V_Antioch_2nd_Wkshp_Large.jpg
Vabalathus and Aurelian Antioch 2nd Officina 12 viewsVabalathus: 270 - 272 AD; Aurelian: 270 - 275 AD
Julius Aurelius Septimius Vabalathus Athenodorus (Wahb Allat), son of Septimius Odaenathus and Septimia Zenobia. Palmyrene Empire.
Obv: VABALATHVS V C R IM D R1; Bust of Vabalathus, laureate, diademed, draped and curiassed, facing right, seen from behind.
Rev: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG; Bust of Aurelian, radiate and curiassed, facing right, from the front, B in exergue.
Denomination: billion antoninianus; Mint: Antioch; Officina: 2nd; Issue: 1st; Date: Nov. 270 - Mar. 272; Weight: 3.855g; Diameter: 20.5mm; Die axis: 180º; References, for example: RIC V v.1 381 correc; MER - RIC 3103; SRCV III 11718

Notes:

1VABALATHVS V[IR] C[LARISSIMUS] R[EX] IM[PERATOR] D[UX] R[OMANORUM]. See for example, Bland (2011), pp. 135, 141 and Estiot, p. 118, esp. note 462. Although Potter, page 267 and footnote 24 postulates V[IR] C[ONSULARIS] for the mint at Antioch I would certainly side with Bland and Estiot.

Which side of this coin is the obverse and which side is the reverse?
Webb in RIC V, v.1 puts great weight on the titulature of Aurelian and mentions that mint marks on the obverse of coins were not unknown at Antioch. He considers the coin to have been struck as a sign of vassalage instead of having been struck as an insult. Webb states that Aurelian’s bust is on the obverse of the coin (p. 260). Robertson, pp. cxix and 142 also considers Aurelian’s bust to be on the obverse of the coin, but does not state an explicit reason for her position. Mattingly (1936) holds that the mint mark is the determining factor, and therefore believes that Aurelian’s bust is on the reverse of the coin. In SRCV III, p. 442 Sear follows the reasoning of Mattingly and although Vagi agrees that Aurelian’s bust is on the reverse of the coin (p. 403) he does not explicitly state his reason for believing so. Estiot states that the officina mark under the bust of Aurelian clearly indicates that his portrait is on the reverse of the coin (p. 118). Bland (2011) follows suit. When discussing this issue from Antioch he states that the officina mark is always placed on the reverse of coins. He notes that the placement of the officina mark sent a signal that Aurelian was “...being accorded a lower status than Vabalathus, although he was given his correct titles of Imperator and Augustus, and he wore a radiate crown, also traditionally associated with the senior Augustus” (p. 142 - 3). Watson argues that Queen Zenobia’s assertion of Palmyrene independence from Rome took place gradually (pp. 67 - 9). Bland believes that the placement of the officina mark under the bust of Aurelian on this coin was just another step in that assertion of independence.

Photo credits: Forum Ancient Coins

Sources

Bland 2011: Bland, Roger. “The Coinage of Vabalathus and Zenobia from Antioch and Alexandria" in Numismatic Chronicle, 171 (2011): 133 - 186.
Estiot, Sylviane. Monnaies de L’Empire romain XII.1: D’Aurelian à Florien (270 - 276 apres J.-C.). Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France, 2004.
Mattingly 1936: Mattingly, Harold. “The Palmyrene Princes and the Mints of Antioch and Alexandria.” The Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Royal Numismatic Society, fifth Series, vol. 16, no. 62 (1936): pp. 89 - 114.
MER - RIC: Maison de l’Orient et la Méditerranée: Monnaies de l’Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276. Accessed March 7, 2019. http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/home.
Potter, David S. The Roman Empire at Bay: AD 180 - 395. New York: Routledge, 2004
RIC V v.1: Webb, Percy. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. V, Part 1: Valerian to Florian, edited by Harold Mattingly and Edward Sydenham. London: Spink & Son, 1927.
Robertson, Anne. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, Vol. IV Valerian I to Allectus. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978.
SRCV III: Sear, David. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. III: Maximinus I to Carinus. London: Spink, 2005.
Vagi, David. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire, Volume One: History. Sidney, Ohio: Coin World, 1999.
Watson, Alaric. Aurelian and the Third Century. New York: Routledge, 1999.
Tracy Aiello
A_and_V_Antioch_3rd_Wkshp_Large.jpg
Vabalathus and Aurelian Antioch 3rd Officina17 viewsVabalathus: 270 - 272 AD; Aurelian: 270 - 275 AD
Julius Aurelius Septimius Vabalathus Athenodorus (Wahb Allat), son of Septimius Odaenathus and Septimia Zenobia. Palmyrene Empire.
Obv: VABALATHVS V C R IM D R1; Bust of Vabalathus, laureate, diademed, draped and curiassed, facing right, seen from behind.
Rev: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG; Bust of Aurelian, radiate and curiassed, facing right, from the front, Γ in exergue.
Denomination: billion antoninianus; Mint: Antioch; Officina: 3rd; Issue: 1st; Date: Nov. 270 - Mar. 272; Weight: 3.146g; Diameter: 21.2mm; Die axis: 180º; References, for example: RIC V v.1 381 correc; MER - RIC 3105; SRCV III 11718

Notes:

1VABALATHVS V[IR] C[LARISSIMUS] R[EX] IM[PERATOR] D[UX] R[OMANORUM]. See for example, Bland (2011), pp. 135, 141 and Estiot, p. 118, esp. note 462. Although Potter, page 267 and footnote 24 postulates V[IR] C[ONSULARIS] for the mint at Antioch I would certainly side with Bland and Estiot.

Which side of this coin is the obverse and which side is the reverse?
Webb in RIC V, v.1 puts great weight on the titulature of Aurelian and mentions that mint marks on the obverse of coins were not unknown at Antioch. He considers the coin to have been struck as a sign of vassalage instead of having been struck as an insult. Webb states that Aurelian’s bust is on the obverse of the coin (p. 260). Robertson, pp. cxix and 142 also considers Aurelian’s bust to be on the obverse of the coin, but does not state an explicit reason for her position. Mattingly (1936) holds that the mint mark is the determining factor, and therefore believes that Aurelian’s bust is on the reverse of the coin. In SRCV III, p. 442 Sear follows the reasoning of Mattingly and although Vagi agrees that Aurelian’s bust is on the reverse of the coin (p. 403) he does not explicitly state his reason for believing so. Estiot states that the officina mark under the bust of Aurelian clearly indicates that his portrait is on the reverse of the coin (p. 118). Bland (2011) follows suit. When discussing this issue from Antioch he states that the officina mark is always placed on the reverse of coins. He notes that the placement of the officina mark sent a signal that Aurelian was “...being accorded a lower status than Vabalathus, although he was given his correct titles of Imperator and Augustus, and he wore a radiate crown, also traditionally associated with the senior Augustus” (p. 142 - 3). Watson argues that Queen Zenobia’s assertion of Palmyrene independence from Rome took place gradually (pp. 67 - 9). Bland believes that the placement of the officina mark under the bust of Aurelian on this coin was just another step in that assertion of independence.

Photo credits: Forum Ancient Coins

Sources

Bland 2011: Bland, Roger. “The Coinage of Vabalathus and Zenobia from Antioch and Alexandria" in Numismatic Chronicle, 171 (2011): 133 - 186.
Estiot, Sylviane. Monnaies de L’Empire romain XII.1: D’Aurelian à Florien (270 - 276 apres J.-C.). Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France, 2004.
Mattingly 1936: Mattingly, Harold. “The Palmyrene Princes and the Mints of Antioch and Alexandria.” The Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Royal Numismatic Society, fifth Series, vol. 16, no. 62 (1936): pp. 89 - 114.
MER - RIC: Maison de l’Orient et la Méditerranée: Monnaies de l’Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276. Accessed March 7, 2019. http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/home.
Potter, David S. The Roman Empire at Bay: AD 180 - 395. New York: Routledge, 2004
RIC V v.1: Webb, Percy. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. V, Part 1: Valerian to Florian, edited by Harold Mattingly and Edward Sydenham. London: Spink & Son, 1927.
Robertson, Anne. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, Vol. IV Valerian I to Allectus. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978.
SRCV III: Sear, David. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. III: Maximinus I to Carinus. London: Spink, 2005.
Vagi, David. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire, Volume One: History. Sidney, Ohio: Coin World, 1999.
Watson, Alaric. Aurelian and the Third Century. New York: Routledge, 1999.
Tracy Aiello
A_and__V_Antioch_4th_Wkshp_Large.jpg
Vabalathus and Aurelian Antioch 4th Officina10 viewsVabalathus: 270 - 272 AD; Aurelian: 270 - 275 AD
Julius Aurelius Septimius Vabalathus Athenodorus (Wahb Allat), son of Septimius Odaenathus and Septimia Zenobia. Palmyrene Empire.
Obv: VABALATHVS V C R IM D R1; Bust of Vabalathus, laureate, diademed, draped and curiassed, facing right, seen from behind.
Rev: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG; Bust of Aurelian, radiate and curiassed, facing right, from the front, Δ in exergue.
Denomination: billion antoninianus; Mint: Antioch; Officina: 4th; Issue: 1st; Date: Nov. 270 - Mar. 272; Weight: 3.563g; Diameter: 21.8mm; Die axis: 180º; References, for example: RIC V v.1 381 correc; MER - RIC 3106; SRCV III 11718

Notes:

1VABALATHVS V[IR] C[LARISSIMUS] R[EX] IM[PERATOR] D[UX] R[OMANORUM]. See for example, Bland (2011), pp. 135, 141 and Estiot, p. 118, esp. note 462. Although Potter, page 267 and footnote 24 postulates V[IR] C[ONSULARIS] for the mint at Antioch I would certainly side with Bland and Estiot.

Which side of this coin is the obverse and which side is the reverse?
Webb in RIC V, v.1 puts great weight on the titulature of Aurelian and mentions that mint marks on the obverse of coins were not unknown at Antioch. He considers the coin to have been struck as a sign of vassalage instead of having been struck as an insult. Webb states that Aurelian’s bust is on the obverse of the coin (p. 260). Robertson, pp. cxix and 142 also considers Aurelian’s bust to be on the obverse of the coin, but does not state an explicit reason for her position. Mattingly (1936) holds that the mint mark is the determining factor, and therefore believes that Aurelian’s bust is on the reverse of the coin. In SRCV III, p. 442 Sear follows the reasoning of Mattingly and although Vagi agrees that Aurelian’s bust is on the reverse of the coin (p. 403) he does not explicitly state his reason for believing so. Estiot states that the officina mark under the bust of Aurelian clearly indicates that his portrait is on the reverse of the coin (p. 118). Bland (2011) follows suit. When discussing this issue from Antioch he states that the officina mark is always placed on the reverse of coins. He notes that the placement of the officina mark sent a signal that Aurelian was “...being accorded a lower status than Vabalathus, although he was given his correct titles of Imperator and Augustus, and he wore a radiate crown, also traditionally associated with the senior Augustus” (p. 142 - 3). Watson argues that Queen Zenobia’s assertion of Palmyrene independence from Rome took place gradually (pp. 67 - 9). Bland believes that the placement of the officina mark under the bust of Aurelian on this coin was just another step in that assertion of independence.

Photo credits: Forum Ancient Coins

Sources

Bland 2011: Bland, Roger. “The Coinage of Vabalathus and Zenobia from Antioch and Alexandria" in Numismatic Chronicle, 171 (2011): 133 - 186.
Estiot, Sylviane. Monnaies de L’Empire romain XII.1: D’Aurelian à Florien (270 - 276 apres J.-C.). Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France, 2004.
Mattingly 1936: Mattingly, Harold. “The Palmyrene Princes and the Mints of Antioch and Alexandria.” The Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Royal Numismatic Society, fifth Series, vol. 16, no. 62 (1936): pp. 89 - 114.
MER - RIC: Maison de l’Orient et la Méditerranée: Monnaies de l’Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276. Accessed March 7, 2019. http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/home.
Potter, David S. The Roman Empire at Bay: AD 180 - 395. New York: Routledge, 2004
RIC V v.1: Webb, Percy. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. V, Part 1: Valerian to Florian, edited by Harold Mattingly and Edward Sydenham. London: Spink & Son, 1927.
Robertson, Anne. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, Vol. IV Valerian I to Allectus. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978.
SRCV III: Sear, David. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. III: Maximinus I to Carinus. London: Spink, 2005.
Vagi, David. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire, Volume One: History. Sidney, Ohio: Coin World, 1999.
Watson, Alaric. Aurelian and the Third Century. New York: Routledge, 1999.
Tracy Aiello
A_and_V_Antioch_5th_WKshp_Large.jpg
Vabalathus and Aurelian Antioch 5th Officina14 viewsVabalathus: 270 - 272 AD; Aurelian: 270 - 275 AD
Julius Aurelius Septimius Vabalathus Athenodorus (Wahb Allat), son of Septimius Odaenathus and Septimia Zenobia. Palmyrene Empire.
Obv: VABALATHVS V C R IM D R1; Bust of Vabalathus, laureate, diademed, draped and curiassed, facing right, seen from behind.
Rev: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG; Bust of Aurelian, radiate and curiassed, facing right, from the front, ϵ in exergue.
Denomination: billion antoninianus; Mint: Antioch; Officina: 5th; Issue: 1st; Date: Nov. 270 - Mar. 272; Weight: 3.262; Diameter: 20.3mm; Die axis: 315º; References, for example: RIC V v.1 381 correc; MER - RIC 3107; SRCV III 11718

Notes:

1VABALATHVS V[IR] C[LARISSIMUS] R[EX] IM[PERATOR] D[UX] R[OMANORUM]. See for example, Bland (2011), pp. 135, 141 and Estiot, p. 118, esp. note 462. Although Potter, page 267 and footnote 24 postulates V[IR] C[ONSULARIS] for the mint at Antioch I would certainly side with Bland and Estiot.

Which side of this coin is the obverse and which side is the reverse?
Webb in RIC V, v.1 puts great weight on the titulature of Aurelian and mentions that mint marks on the obverse of coins were not unknown at Antioch. He considers the coin to have been struck as a sign of vassalage instead of having been struck as an insult. Webb states that Aurelian’s bust is on the obverse of the coin (p. 260). Robertson, pp. cxix and 142 also considers Aurelian’s bust to be on the obverse of the coin, but does not state an explicit reason for her position. Mattingly (1936) holds that the mint mark is the determining factor, and therefore believes that Aurelian’s bust is on the reverse of the coin. In SRCV III, p. 442 Sear follows the reasoning of Mattingly and although Vagi agrees that Aurelian’s bust is on the reverse of the coin (p. 403) he does not explicitly state his reason for believing so. Estiot states that the officina mark under the bust of Aurelian clearly indicates that his portrait is on the reverse of the coin (p. 118). Bland (2011) follows suit. When discussing this issue from Antioch he states that the officina mark is always placed on the reverse of coins. He notes that the placement of the officina mark sent a signal that Aurelian was “...being accorded a lower status than Vabalathus, although he was given his correct titles of Imperator and Augustus, and he wore a radiate crown, also traditionally associated with the senior Augustus” (p. 142 - 3). Watson argues that Queen Zenobia’s assertion of Palmyrene independence from Rome took place gradually (pp. 67 - 9). Bland believes that the placement of the officina mark under the bust of Aurelian on this coin was just another step in that assertion of independence.

Photo credits: Forum Ancient Coins

Sources

Bland 2011: Bland, Roger. “The Coinage of Vabalathus and Zenobia from Antioch and Alexandria" in Numismatic Chronicle, 171 (2011): 133 - 186.
Estiot, Sylviane. Monnaies de L’Empire romain XII.1: D’Aurelian à Florien (270 - 276 apres J.-C.). Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France, 2004.
Mattingly 1936: Mattingly, Harold. “The Palmyrene Princes and the Mints of Antioch and Alexandria.” The Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Royal Numismatic Society, fifth Series, vol. 16, no. 62 (1936): pp. 89 - 114.
MER - RIC: Maison de l’Orient et la Méditerranée: Monnaies de l’Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276. Accessed March 7, 2019. http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/home.
Potter, David S. The Roman Empire at Bay: AD 180 - 395. New York: Routledge, 2004
RIC V v.1: Webb, Percy. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. V, Part 1: Valerian to Florian, edited by Harold Mattingly and Edward Sydenham. London: Spink & Son, 1927.
Robertson, Anne. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, Vol. IV Valerian I to Allectus. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978.
SRCV III: Sear, David. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. III: Maximinus I to Carinus. London: Spink, 2005.
Vagi, David. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire, Volume One: History. Sidney, Ohio: Coin World, 1999.
Watson, Alaric. Aurelian and the Third Century. New York: Routledge, 1999.
Tracy Aiello
A_and_V_Antioch_6th_Wksp_Large.jpg
Vabalathus and Aurelian Antioch 6th Officina19 viewsVabalathus: 270 - 272 AD; Aurelian: 270 - 275 AD
Julius Aurelius Septimius Vabalathus Athenodorus (Wahb Allat), son of Septimius Odaenathus and Septimia Zenobia. Palmyrene Empire.
Obv: VABALATHVS V C R IM D R1; Bust of Vabalathus, laureate, diademed, draped and curiassed, facing right, seen from behind.
Rev: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG; Bust of Aurelian, radiate and curiassed, facing right, from the front, S in exergue.
Denomination: billion antoninianus; Mint: Antioch; Officina: 6th; Issue: 1st; Date: Nov. 270 - Mar. 272; Weight: 2.812g; Diameter: 21.3mm; Die axis: 150º; References, for example: RIC V v.1 381 correc; MER - RIC 3108; SRCV III 11718

Notes:

1VABALATHVS V[IR] C[LARISSIMUS] R[EX] IM[PERATOR] D[UX] R[OMANORUM]. See for example, Bland (2011), pp. 135, 141 and Estiot, p. 118, esp. note 462. Although Potter, page 267 and footnote 24 postulates V[IR] C[ONSULARIS] for the mint at Antioch I would certainly side with Bland and Estiot.

Which side of this coin is the obverse and which side is the reverse?
Webb in RIC V, v.1 puts great weight on the titulature of Aurelian and mentions that mint marks on the obverse of coins were not unknown at Antioch. He considers the coin to have been struck as a sign of vassalage instead of having been struck as an insult. Webb states that Aurelian’s bust is on the obverse of the coin (p. 260). Robertson, pp. cxix and 142 also considers Aurelian’s bust to be on the obverse of the coin, but does not state an explicit reason for her position. Mattingly (1936) holds that the mint mark is the determining factor, and therefore believes that Aurelian’s bust is on the reverse of the coin. In SRCV III, p. 442 Sear follows the reasoning of Mattingly and although Vagi agrees that Aurelian’s bust is on the reverse of the coin (p. 403) he does not explicitly state his reason for believing so. Estiot states that the officina mark under the bust of Aurelian clearly indicates that his portrait is on the reverse of the coin (p. 118). Bland (2011) follows suit. When discussing this issue from Antioch he states that the officina mark is always placed on the reverse of coins. He notes that the placement of the officina mark sent a signal that Aurelian was “...being accorded a lower status than Vabalathus, although he was given his correct titles of Imperator and Augustus, and he wore a radiate crown, also traditionally associated with the senior Augustus” (p. 142 - 3). Watson argues that Queen Zenobia’s assertion of Palmyrene independence from Rome took place gradually (pp. 67 - 9). Bland believes that the placement of the officina mark under the bust of Aurelian on this coin was just another step in that assertion of independence.

Photo credits: Forum Ancient Coins

Sources

Bland 2011: Bland, Roger. “The Coinage of Vabalathus and Zenobia from Antioch and Alexandria" in Numismatic Chronicle, 171 (2011): 133 - 186.
Estiot, Sylviane. Monnaies de L’Empire romain XII.1: D’Aurelian à Florien (270 - 276 apres J.-C.). Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France, 2004.
Mattingly 1936: Mattingly, Harold. “The Palmyrene Princes and the Mints of Antioch and Alexandria.” The Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Royal Numismatic Society, fifth Series, vol. 16, no. 62 (1936): pp. 89 - 114.
MER - RIC: Maison de l’Orient et la Méditerranée: Monnaies de l’Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276. Accessed March 7, 2019. http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/home.
Potter, David S. The Roman Empire at Bay: AD 180 - 395. New York: Routledge, 2004
RIC V v.1: Webb, Percy. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. V, Part 1: Valerian to Florian, edited by Harold Mattingly and Edward Sydenham. London: Spink & Son, 1927.
Robertson, Anne. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, Vol. IV Valerian I to Allectus. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978.
SRCV III: Sear, David. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. III: Maximinus I to Carinus. London: Spink, 2005.
Vagi, David. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire, Volume One: History. Sidney, Ohio: Coin World, 1999.
Watson, Alaric. Aurelian and the Third Century. New York: Routledge, 1999.
Tracy Aiello
A_and_V_Antioch_7th_Wksp_Large.jpg
Vabalathus and Aurelian Antioch 7th Officina23 viewsVabalathus: 270 - 272 AD; Aurelian: 270 - 275 AD
Julius Aurelius Septimius Vabalathus Athenodorus (Wahb Allat), son of Septimius Odaenathus and Septimia Zenobia. Palmyrene Empire.
Obv: VABALATHVS V C R IM D R1; Bust of Vabalathus, laureate, diademed, draped and curiassed, facing right, seen from behind.
Rev: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG; Bust of Aurelian, radiate and curiassed, facing right, from the front, Z in exergue.
Denomination: billion antoninianus; Mint: Antioch; Officina: 7th; Issue: 1st; Date: Nov. 270 - Mar. 272; Weight: 4.137g; Diameter: 20.3mm; Die axis: 0º; References, for example: RIC V v.1 381 correc; MER - RIC 3110; SRCV III 11718

Notes:

1VABALATHVS V[IR] C[LARISSIMUS] R[EX] IM[PERATOR] D[UX] R[OMANORUM]. See for example, Bland (2011), pp. 135, 141 and Estiot, p. 118, esp. note 462. Although Potter, page 267 and footnote 24 postulates V[IR] C[ONSULARIS] for the mint at Antioch I would certainly side with Bland and Estiot.

Which side of this coin is the obverse and which side is the reverse?
Webb in RIC V, v.1 puts great weight on the titulature of Aurelian and mentions that mint marks on the obverse of coins were not unknown at Antioch. He considers the coin to have been struck as a sign of vassalage instead of having been struck as an insult. Webb states that Aurelian’s bust is on the obverse of the coin (p. 260). Robertson, pp. cxix and 142 also considers Aurelian’s bust to be on the obverse of the coin, but does not state an explicit reason for her position. Mattingly (1936) holds that the mint mark is the determining factor, and therefore believes that Aurelian’s bust is on the reverse of the coin. In SRCV III, p. 442 Sear follows the reasoning of Mattingly and although Vagi agrees that Aurelian’s bust is on the reverse of the coin (p. 403) he does not explicitly state his reason for believing so. Estiot states that the officina mark under the bust of Aurelian clearly indicates that his portrait is on the reverse of the coin (p. 118). Bland (2011) follows suit. When discussing this issue from Antioch he states that the officina mark is always placed on the reverse of coins. He notes that the placement of the officina mark sent a signal that Aurelian was “...being accorded a lower status than Vabalathus, although he was given his correct titles of Imperator and Augustus, and he wore a radiate crown, also traditionally associated with the senior Augustus” (p. 142 - 3). Watson argues that Queen Zenobia’s assertion of Palmyrene independence from Rome took place gradually (pp. 67 - 9). Bland believes that the placement of the officina mark under the bust of Aurelian on this coin was just another step in that assertion of independence.

Photo credits: Forum Ancient Coins

Sources

Bland 2011: Bland, Roger. “The Coinage of Vabalathus and Zenobia from Antioch and Alexandria" in Numismatic Chronicle, 171 (2011): 133 - 186.
Estiot, Sylviane. Monnaies de L’Empire romain XII.1: D’Aurelian à Florien (270 - 276 apres J.-C.). Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France, 2004.
Mattingly 1936: Mattingly, Harold. “The Palmyrene Princes and the Mints of Antioch and Alexandria.” The Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Royal Numismatic Society, fifth Series, vol. 16, no. 62 (1936): pp. 89 - 114.
MER - RIC: Maison de l’Orient et la Méditerranée: Monnaies de l’Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276. Accessed March 7, 2019. http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/home.
Potter, David S. The Roman Empire at Bay: AD 180 - 395. New York: Routledge, 2004
RIC V v.1: Webb, Percy. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. V, Part 1: Valerian to Florian, edited by Harold Mattingly and Edward Sydenham. London: Spink & Son, 1927.
Robertson, Anne. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, Vol. IV Valerian I to Allectus. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978.
SRCV III: Sear, David. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. III: Maximinus I to Carinus. London: Spink, 2005.
Vagi, David. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire, Volume One: History. Sidney, Ohio: Coin World, 1999.
Watson, Alaric. Aurelian and the Third Century. New York: Routledge, 1999.
1 commentsTracy Aiello
A_and_V_Antioch_8th_Wksp.jpeg
Vabalathus and Aurelian Antioch 8th Officina22 viewsVabalathus: 270 - 272 AD; Aurelian: 270 - 275 AD
Julius Aurelius Septimius Vabalathus Athenodorus (Wahb Allat), son of Septimius Odaenathus and Septimia Zenobia. Palmyrene Empire.
Obv: VABALATHVS V C R IM D R1; Bust of Vabalathus, draped and curiassed, facing right.
Rev: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG; Bust of Aurelian, radiate and curiassed, facing right, from the rear, H in exergue.
Denomination: billion antoninianus; Mint: Antioch; Officina: 8th; Issue: 1st; Date: Nov. 270 - Mar. 272; Weight: 3.96g; Diameter: 21mm; Die axis: 180º; References, for example: RIC V v.1 381 correc; MER - RIC 3113; SRCV III 11718

Notes:

1VABALATHVS V[IR] C[LARISSIMUS] R[EX] IM[PERATOR] D[UX] R[OMANORUM]. See for example, Bland (2011), pp. 135, 141 and Estiot, p. 118, esp. note 462. Although Potter, page 267 and footnote 24 postulates V[IR] C[ONSULARIS] for the mint at Antioch I would certainly side with Bland and Estiot.

Which side of this coin is the obverse and which side is the reverse?
Webb in RIC V, v.1 puts great weight on the titulature of Aurelian and mentions that mint marks on the obverse of coins were not unknown at Antioch. He considers the coin to have been struck as a sign of vassalage instead of having been struck as an insult. Webb states that Aurelian’s bust is on the obverse of the coin (p. 260). Robertson, pp. cxix and 142 also considers Aurelian’s bust to be on the obverse of the coin, but does not state an explicit reason for her position. Mattingly (1936) holds that the mint mark is the determining factor, and therefore believes that Aurelian’s bust is on the reverse of the coin. In SRCV III, p. 442 Sear follows the reasoning of Mattingly and although Vagi agrees that Aurelian’s bust is on the reverse of the coin (p. 403) he does not explicitly state his reason for believing so. Estiot states that the officina mark under the bust of Aurelian clearly indicates that his portrait is on the reverse of the coin (p. 118). Bland (2011) follows suit. When discussing this issue from Antioch he states that the officina mark is always placed on the reverse of coins. He notes that the placement of the officina mark sent a signal that Aurelian was “...being accorded a lower status than Vabalathus, although he was given his correct titles of Imperator and Augustus, and he wore a radiate crown, also traditionally associated with the senior Augustus” (p. 142 - 3). Watson argues that Queen Zenobia’s assertion of Palmyrene independence from Rome took place gradually (pp. 67 - 9). Bland believes that the placement of the officina mark under the bust of Aurelian on this coin was just another step in that assertion of independence.

Photo credits: Aegean Numismatics

Sources

Bland 2011: Bland, Roger. “The Coinage of Vabalathus and Zenobia from Antioch and Alexandria" in Numismatic Chronicle, 171 (2011): 133 - 186.
Estiot, Sylviane. Monnaies de L’Empire romain XII.1: D’Aurelian à Florien (270 - 276 apres J.-C.). Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France, 2004.
Mattingly 1936: Mattingly, Harold. “The Palmyrene Princes and the Mints of Antioch and Alexandria.” The Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Royal Numismatic Society, fifth Series, vol. 16, no. 62 (1936): pp. 89 - 114.
MER - RIC: Maison de l’Orient et la Méditerranée: Monnaies de l’Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276. Accessed March 7, 2019. http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/home.
Potter, David S. The Roman Empire at Bay: AD 180 - 395. New York: Routledge, 2004
RIC V v.1: Webb, Percy. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. V, Part 1: Valerian to Florian, edited by Harold Mattingly and Edward Sydenham. London: Spink & Son, 1927.
Robertson, Anne. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, Vol. IV Valerian I to Allectus. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978.
SRCV III: Sear, David. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. III: Maximinus I to Carinus. London: Spink, 2005.
Vagi, David. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire, Volume One: History. Sidney, Ohio: Coin World, 1999.
Watson, Alaric. Aurelian and the Third Century. New York: Routledge, 1999.
Tracy Aiello
   
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