Classical Numismatics Discussion Members' Gallery
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register.

Members' Gallery Home | Member Collections | Last Added | Last Comments | Most Viewed | Top Rated | My Favorities | Search Galleries
Search results - "CL,"
NeroDrususCaesars1.jpg
163 viewsStruck under Caligula. Nero and Drusus Caesars riding right, cloaks flying, NERO ET DRVSVS CAESARES / C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT around S-C. Rome mint, c. AD 37-38. RIC I 34 (pg. 110).2 commentssocalcoins
Elagabalus 218-222 A.D. Denarius RSC246 RIC131.JPG
63 viewsOBV: IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
REV: SACRED.DEI SOLIS ELAGAB
Elagabalus standing right sacrificing out of patera over lighted alter and holding club or rod upright; in field,star.
1 commentsnigel nicholson
Elagabalus  218-222 A.D. Denarius RSC182 RIC38.JPG
46 viewsOBV: IMP.ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
REV: P.M.TR.P.IIII.COS.III.P.P.
Sol radiate naked except for cloak over left arm standing half-left looking back right raising right hand and holding whip in left; star in field left
nigel nicholson
QuinMAntonio.jpg
50 viewsMark Antony Quinarius - 39 B.C.
Obv. III VIR R.P.C.
Diademed and veiled head of Concordia right
Rev. M ANTON C CAES
Clasped hands holding caduceus
Mint travelling with Octavian in Gaul
Craw. 529/4b, Sear RCV 1575
g. 1,8 mm. 15,1
Maxentius
NERO-4~0.jpg
91 viewsNero Dupondius - 65 A.D. - Mint of Rome
Obv. NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P
Radiate head left
Rev. PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT
Temple of Janus with doors closed.
Cohen 174, RIC 290.
1 commentsMaxentius
Julian-9.jpg
115 viewsJULIAN II - AR Siliqua - 361-363 AD - Mint of Lugdvnvm
Obv.: FL CL IVLIANVS P P AVG
Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: VOTIS V MVLTIS X. In ex. PLVG
Legend in three lines within wreath
g. 1,9 mm. 17
Cohen 163, RIC 227
2 commentsMaxentius
JULIAN-2.JPG
61 viewsJULIAN II - AE1 - 361-363 - Mint of Antioch
Obv.: D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: SECVRITAS REIPVB
Bull standing right, two stars above; (palm) ANTB (palm).
Maxentius
CLAUDIUS-1.jpg
80 viewsCLAUDIUS I - As - 42/54 AD - Mint of Rome
Obv.: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P
Bare head left
Rev.: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S C
Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Cohen 14, Sear RCV 1858
g. 10 mm. 29,9
1 commentsMaxentius
CLAUDIUS-2.jpg
81 viewsCLAUDIUS I As - 41/42 AD - Mint of Rome
Obv.: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR IMP
Bare head left
Rev.: S C across field, Minerva standing right, brandishing spear and holding shield on left arm.
Cohen 84var, RIC 100
g. 13,5 mm. 29,5
2 commentsMaxentius
NERO-3.jpg
35 viewsNero - As - 65/66 - Mint of Rome
Ob.: NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP; laureate head right
Rev.: PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT S C; janus temple with doors closed.
gs. 10 mm. 27,8
Cohen 171, RIC 306
Maxentius
DIOCLEZ-6.jpg
33 viewsDIOCLETIAN - Potin Tetradrachm - year 2 (285/286)
Ob.: A K Γ ΟΥΑΛ ΔΙΟΚΛΗΤΙΑΝΟC CEB; laureate & draped bust right
Rev.: L B; Alexandria stg. left, holds bust of Serapis and sceptre
gs. 6,7 mm. 19,8
Milne 4781
Maxentius
DIOCLEZ-5.jpg
21 viewsDIOCLETIAN - Potin tetradrachm - Year 3 - 286/287
Ob.: A K Γ OYA DIOKLHTIANOC CEB; laureate and draped bust right
Rev.: ETOYC Γ; Nike walking right holds wreath and palm
gs. 7,8 mm 19,6
Milne 4857
Maxentius
DenCLicinMacer.jpg
61 viewsC. LICINIVS MACER - Denarius - 84 B.C. - Gens Licinia
Ob.: Diademed bust of Apollo Vejovis left, seen from behind, hurling thunderbolt
Rev.: Minerva in quadriga right with javelin & shield; in ex. C. LICINIVS/MACER
Gs. 3,8 mm. 20,4x18,2
Craw. 354/1, Sear RCV 274, Syd. 732
1 commentsMaxentius
CLAUDIO2-3.jpg
41 viewsClaudius II - Potin Tetradrachm - Year 2 (269/270)
Ob.: AVT K ΚΛΑVΔΙΟC CEB; Draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev. L B; Eagle right, head right; palm branch left
gs. 10,3 mm. 21,1
Milne 4291
Maxentius
Trajan_Cos_II.jpg
69 viewsIn the picture we can see how the head of an emperor closely resembles the preceeding one. The top three coins are COS II. RIC 9 (3.6g); RIC 12 (3,40g); RIC 22 (3.31g). All have good weights and the RIC 9 is quite possibly overstruck at 3.6g.

Below the three Trajans is a Nerva and it's very similar to the first issues of Trajan. I think it's safe to say that the engravers did not meet the emperor in person.
Paddy
Tacitus- Dikaiosyne.jpg
505 viewsTacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

AK K Λ TAKITOC CEB

AK: AVTOKRATOR is the equivalent of the Latin Imperator, 'emperor'.
K Λ is an abbreviation for K AV IOC, 'Claudius' transliterated into Greek.
TOK: TAKITOC= Tacitus
CEB: SEBASTOS (greek indication for augustus).

With the pellet between TOC . CEB

Reverse:
ETOVC A (year 1)

Dikaiosyne standing left holding scales in right hand and cornucopia in left. Diakaiosyne is the Greek equivalent of Aequitas ('Equity, Fair Dealing' to quote Sear).

Domination: Billon TETRAdrachm (4 drachms): size 21 mm

Mint: Alexandria, provincial.

Comment:
These Egyptian issues are not in RIC, but the old standard catalogue for these is Milne, where yours is no. 4492, with the pellet between TOC . CEB. They are also listed in the new Sear vol.III (though in not as much detail), where the nearest is 11831, which doesn't have the pellets in the obverse legend (Milne 4489). Other references : Curtis 1832, BMC 2403v ; Geissen 3115.
1 commentsJohn Schou
DenQSicinioCCoponiobis.jpg
21 viewsDenarius - 49 BC. - Mint in the East moving with Pompey.
Q. SICINIVS & C. COPONIVS - Gens Sicinia & gens Coponia
Obv.: Q. SICINIVS III. VIR, diademed head of Apollo right;
Rev.:C. COPONIVS. PR. S. C., club of Hercules with lion's skin, arrow & bow.
Gs. 3,6 mm. 17,8
Craw. 444/1b, Sear RCV 413.



Maxentius
DenPClodius.jpg
20 viewsDenarius - 42 BC.
P. CLODIVS M.f. - Gens Claudia
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right, lyre behind
Rev.: Diana "Lucifera" standing facing, with bow and quiver over shoulder, holding lighted torch in each hand; P CLODIVS right, M F on left.
Gs. 3,3 mm. 19x18
Craw. 494/23, Sear RCV 492

Maxentius
QuinCnLentulus.jpg
19 viewsAR Quinarius - 88 B.C.
CN. CORNELIVS LENTVLVS CLODIANVS - Gens Cornelia
Obv.: Laureate head of Jupiter right
Rev.: Victory right crowning trophy. In ex. CN LENT (NT in monogram)
Gs. 1,5 mm. 13,4x14,5
Crawford 345/2, Sear RCV 255

Maxentius
DenCnCornelioLentulo.jpg
18 viewsDenarius - 88 BC.
CN. CORNELIVS LENTVLVS CLAVDIANVS - Gens Cornelia
Obv.: Helmeted bust of Mars right, seen from behind, with spear and parazonium Rev.: Victory in biga right. In ex. CN LENTVL
Gs. 3,7 mm. 16,7x18,3
Crawford 345/1; Sear RCV 254

Maxentius
DenLentuloMarcello.jpg
67 viewsDenarius - 49 B.C.
L CORNELIVS LENTVLVS & C CLAVDIVS MARCELLVS - Gens Cornelia.
Obv.: Facing head of Medusa in center of triskeles, ear of corn between each leg
Rev.: Jupiter standing right with thunderbolt & eagle. LENT MAR (NT & MAR in monogram) left, COS right.
Gs. 3,5 mm. 18,4
Craw. 445/1b, Sear RCV 414.



3 commentsMaxentius
NERVA-1.JPG
27 viewsNERVA - As - 86 AD
Obv.: IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS II P P, laureate head right
Rev.: CONCORDIA EXERCITVVM S-C, clasped hands.
Gs. 10,7 mm. 26,2
Cohen 17, RIC 53
Maxentius
DIOCLET-2.jpg
37 viewsDIOCLETIANVS - AE Follis - Mint of Carthago -298/303 AD.
Obv.: IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right
Rev.: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART, Carthago standing left, holding fruits in both hands, A in ex.
Gs. 7,7 mm. 27,9
Cohen 438, RIC 31a
Maxentius
CLAUD2-2.jpg
26 viewsCLAVDIVS II Gothicus - AE Antoninianus - Mediolanum mint, 268-270 AD
Obv.: IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate draped bust right
Rev.:VICTORIA AVG, Victory running right holding wreath & palm, S in ex.
Gs. 2,9 mm. 21,2
Cohen 302, RIC 171
Maxentius
DenCPulcher.jpg
26 viewsDenarius - 110-109 BC (Grueber 91/90 B.C.) - Mint of Rome
C. CLAVDIVS PVLCHER - Gens Claudia
Obv.: Head of helmeted Roma right
Rev.: Victory in biga galloping right. Below, C. PVLCHER.
Gs. 3,8 mm. 18
Crawf. 300/1, Sear RCV 177, Grueber 1288

Maxentius
cc50283b.jpg
116 viewsPOSTUMUS: Double sestertius,
21.62g.

MINT: COLOGNE

IMP. C. M. CASS. LAT. POSTVMVS P. F. AVG. radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEVSONIE[NSI] Hercules standing l. holding club and lionskin, within four-columned temple with three pellets in pediment.

Bastien-231 (7 spec.), C-99 (30 Fr.), RIC-134 (R2).
1 commentspostumus
cc50283a.jpg
112 viewsPOSTUMUS: Double sestertius,
21.62g.

MINT: COLOGNE

IMP. C. M. CASS. LAT. POSTVMVS P. F. AVG. radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEVSONIE[NSI] Hercules standing l. holding club and lionskin, within four-columned temple with three pellets in pediment.

Bastien-231 (7 spec.), C-99 (30 Fr.), RIC-134 (R2).
postumus
DenTMalApClQUrb.jpg
20 viewsDenarius - 111/110 B.C. Rome mint
APPIVS CL. PVLCHER, T. MALLIVS - Gens Mallia - Claudia.
Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, quadrangular device behind
Rev.: Victory in triga right, T. MAL. (in monogr.) AP. CL. Q. VR. in ex.
Gs. 3,8 mm. 17,82
Crawf. 299/1b, Sear RCV 176, Grueber 1293

For Crawford, Q. VR would not mean Quaestores Urbani, but the name of a third moneyer, Q. Urbinius.
Maxentius
GALERIUS-2.jpg
33 viewsGALERIVS - Silvered AE Follis - 297-298 AD. - Heraclea mint
Obv.: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right
Rev.: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera & cornucopia, HTΓ in ex.
Gs. 10,5 mm. 27,5
Cohen 78, RIC 20b
Maxentius
GValeria-1.jpg
14 viewsGALERIA VALERIA - Æ Follis - 309-310 AD. - Heraclea mint
Obv.: GAL VALERIA AVG, diademed & draped bust right
Rev.: VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing facing, head left, holding apple upwards and raising drapery. HTA in ex.
Gs. 6,7 mm. 25,3
Cohen 2, RIC 43
Maxentius
Julian-8.jpg
34 viewsJVLIAN II - AE3 - 361-363 AD. Constantinople mint
Obv.: DN FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust left with sheild and spear
Rev.: VOT X MVLT XX, four lines in laurel wreath, (dot) CONSPB (branch) in ex.
Gs.: 3,3 mm. 20,6
RIC 167
Maxentius
JULIAN-3.JPG
33 viewsJVLIAN II AE3 - 361-363 AD. - Rome mint
Obv.: DN FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust left with sheild and spear
Rev.: VOT X MVLT XX, four lines in laurel wreath, VRB ROMP in ex.
Gs. 2,9 mm. 22,5
RIC 329
Maxentius
Julian-7.jpg
49 viewsJVLIAN II - AE3 - 355/360 - Aquileia mint
Obv.: D N CL IVLIANVS NOB CAES, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev.: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman. AQT in ex.
Gs. 2,5 mm. 16,7
RIC 213
Maxentius
DenTCloulio.jpg
30 viewsDenarius - 128 BC. - Rome mint
T. CLOVLIVS (or CLOELIVS) - Gens Cloulia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right, wreath behind. ROMA below
Rev.: Victory in biga right; grain ear below, T CLOVLI in ex.
Gs. 3,9 mm 19,37
Crawf. 260/1; Sear RCV Grueber I 1079.

Maxentius
1a.JPG
65 viewsAnd. II / Michael IX, aEF. The coin is common, but is RARE uncliped.2 comments+Alexios
1.jpg
21 viewsMarcus aurelius
AY KAI M AUR ANTWNEINOC

AEXIALEON

Strack, AMNG II, 1, p. 224, no. 430, which he lists as a 3-units Æ24. Bust of the fully bearded M Aurelius, with cloak over armor, to r. (probably without laurel). AV K M AVRH | ANTÔNEINOS. Rev., Homonoia stg. to l., with kalathos, patera, and cornucopiae. AGXIA | LEÔN. He lists three specimens.
+Alexios
coin412.jpg
40 viewsAnonymous Class C Follis, attributed to Michael IV.
Obverse: +EMMANOVHA. Christ Antiphonetes,
nimbate, standing facing / IC-XC-NI-KA divided by
jewelled cross. Coin #412

cars100
diocletian_01_t.jpg
13 viewsoa
coin630.jpg
24 viewsLooks to me like a *very* beat-up Macedonian Alex III
'standard' type - Alexander in lion-skin headdress on
obverse, bow-case and club on reverse with some
inscription (often ALEXANDROY) in between them.
This might be the 1/2-size of the typical 5-7gm
20mm piece. Coin #630
cars100
26531q00.jpg
100 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Prieur 720 (1 example), SNG Paris 2331, Weber -, VF, 13.043g, 26.9mm, 180o, Aegeae mint, 132 - 133 A.D.; obverse AUTOKR KAIS TRAIA ADRIANO SEB P P, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ETOUS •QOR• AIGEAIWN, eagle standing facing on harpe, wings spread, head turned right, goat in ex; rare;

Aegeae issued tetradrachms only during the reigns of Hadrian and Caracalla. The issues were probably related to visits of these emperors to the town or to its famous sanctuary of Asclepius. -- The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and Their Fractions from 57 BC to AD 253 by Michel and Karin Prieur

ex FORVM
dealer's picture
1 commentsareich
Pella.jpg
36 viewsMacedonia, Pella AE21. 158-149 BC. Bust of Pan / Athena Alkidemos advancing right. Ref.Sear 1445

( I was given this coin as a bonus by an experienced collector / dealer, to attempt electrolysis on, he had been attempting to clean it with conventional methods for 1½ years, however it remained a nugget... I know some members will object, but 10 minuets in the bath of evil, and the crust just flaked off revealing a pretty and detailed coin!!! How I wish it was always so easy!!)
Lee S
aajudaeabrit.jpg
31 viewsCaesarea, Paneas. AE23.
Obv : head of Claudius
Rev : His 3 children : Antonia, Britannicus and Octavia

Ref : RPC 4842
Hen-567
This coin type seems questionable to place under the coinage of Agrippa II since the legends do not mention Agrippa and the time of minting does not conform to the other Agrippa II coins. We will notice the absence of Agrippa's name in other issues as well. At the very least, though, it was struck at Caesarea-Paneas, so it is definitely part of the city coinage. It is catalogued in The Numismatic Legacy of the Jews in the city coinage section as #208.
R. Smits, Numismatist for Numismall
Twosoldiers.jpg
89 viewsDN CONSTANTINVS PF AVG

New photo of one of my first coins. From an uncleaned lot.

I never did get around to attributing it!
Jay GT4
Byzantine_follis.JPG
223 views
An Anonymous Follis Class A 2 coin, type 21
Obverse: Christ facing, holding book of gospels IC to left XC to rightEmmanovha IC XC (God with us)
Reverse: +IhSYS XRISTYS bASILEY bASILE (Jesus Christ, King of Kings)
Sear attributes it to the joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII 1020-1028 AD
Grierson in DOC says Romanus III and into Michael IV's
1 commentsJon the Lecturer
Diocletian.JPG
26 viewsDiocletian , AD 295 - 296, Antoninianus, Cyzicus MintJon the Lecturer
Unknown_Provincial.jpg
30 viewsUnknown Provincial needs lots of cleaning1 commentsJames b4
UV5_full_web.jpg
20 viewsObverse still needs a bit of cleaning. Exergue seems to be: SM?BMatthew W2
alexander_the_great.jpg
108 viewsAR drachm (4.26 gm), Lampsacus, ca. 310/9 - 309/8 BC.
Obverse: Head of young Heracles right in lion skin headdress.
Reverse: Zeus entroned left, holding eagle and sceptor, race torch under throne.
Ex:Freeman and Sear Mail Bid Sale 13, lot 696
6 commentspaul1888
UV1_full_web.jpg
43 viewsExergue seems to be: (dot?) SM.... (this could possibly be cleaned a bit further to reveal more detail, but I am suspicious that the third letter in the exergue is H, so I am not sure that further cleaning would be worthwhile, at least not until my cleaning skills improve).4 commentsMatthew W2
Votive_Nicomedia_mintmark_web.jpg
26 viewsClose up of mintmark from different angles/lighting for coin suspected to be from NicomediaMatthew W2
Urbs_right_3.jpg
22 viewsSee additional image for close up of the lettering on the left side of the obverseMatthew W2
Urbs_right_3_letters.jpg
21 viewsclose up of lettering - see other image for full obverseMatthew W2
Urbs_gloria.jpg
25 viewsThe seller identified this as from Trier, but now that I see the mintmark a bit clearer, I am thinking maybe it's an official issue from Heraclea?Matthew W2
POSTUMUS-2.jpg
36 viewsPOSTUMUS - 260/268 - Billon Antoninianus - Lugdunum mint
Obv: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Rdiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: HERC PACIFERO, Hercules standing left, holding olive branch and club
Gms 2,27 mm 23,2
RIC 67 Cohen 101
Maxentius
Clipboard10.jpg
195 views2 commentsancientone
Clipboard9.jpg
39 viewsancientone
Clipboard6.jpg
31 viewsancientone
Clipboard15.jpg
26 viewsancientone
Clipboard14.jpg
25 viewsancientone
Clipboard13.jpg
31 viewsancientone
Clipboard12.jpg
27 viewsancientone
Clipboard19.jpg
54 views4 commentsancientone
Clipboard18.jpg
34 viewsancientone
Clipboard16.jpg
19 viewsancientone
d_058.JPG
65 viewsC 284C Diocletian Follis. Exe: HT | (delta) Heraclea, AD 293. IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right / CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian. HB between them. Mintmark dot XXI dot. _sold

http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/ric/diocletian/RIC_0284C.3.jpg
Antonivs Protti
hadrian_denarius_clementia.jpg
116 viewsHadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
Silver denarius, BMCRE III 536, RIC II 206, RSC 218, EF, 3.046g, 19.9mm, 180o, Rome mint, 132 - 134 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, bare head right; reverse CLEMENTIA AVG COS III P P, Clementia standing half left, patera in right, long vertical scepter in left
Coin and photo ex. Forum
3 commentspaul1888
f_051.JPG
36 viewsRIC 156,P Claudius Gothicus AE Antoninianus. Milan, AD 268-270. IMP C CLAVDIVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive branch and transverse sceptre. Officina letter P in ex. Antonivs Protti
Nero_(2).jpg
74 viewsNero AE Dupondius. NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head left / SECVRITAS AVGVSTI S-C, II in ex, Securitas seated right, holding veil above her head, altar at feet right. RIC 4071 commentsSoxfan
FAUSTJR-2.jpg
53 viewsFAVSTINA II (wife of M. Aurelius) - As or Dupondius - 149/152 AD - Rome mint
Obv; FAVSTINA AVG ANTONINI AVG PII FIL, draped bust right
Rev: VENVS S C, Venus standing right, drawing back cloak over right shoulder and holding apple
Gms 11,1 mm 26,2
RIC 1410c Cohen 257
1 commentsMaxentius
artid975_combined.jpg
26 viewsJudaea, Procurators. Antonius Felix. 52-59 CE. in the name of Britannicus Caesar (BPIT).
Æ Prutah (16mm, 2.64 gm.). Jerusalem mint. Dated RY 14 of Claudius (54 CE). Two crossed shields / Palm tree.

Ref : Hendin 1348
Meshorer TJC 340
RPC I 4971
GIC 5626
R. Smits, Numismatist for Numismall
britannicus01.jpg
45 viewsAE sestertius. Struck under Claudius, circa 50-54 AD, uncertain eastern provincial mint located in the modern-day Balkans.
Obv : TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG F BRITANNICVS, draped bust left.
Rev : - No legend, Mars advancing left, holding spear and shield, SC in fields. 35mm, 19.4g. Extremely Rare.

Ref : BMCRE 226
Cohen 2
RCV 1908, valued at $32,000 in Fine, which is a few multiples greater than any other sestertius issued during the several centuries the denomination was in use.
A large number of the surviving examples of this series (one may even suggest a majority of them), due to their rarity, have been subjected to modern alteration techniques such as smoothing, tooling, and repatination. As such, it's actually pleasant to see a bit of field roughness and a 'plain brown' patina of old copper on this example, evidence that it is just as ugly as it was the day it was last used in circulation back in Ancient Rome.
Britannicus, originally known as Germanicus after Claudius' older brother, was the emperor's original intended heir and natural son. Machinations by Agrippina II eventually saw Britannicus supplanted by her own son Nero, (by Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus) who took the throne upon Claudius' suspicious death. Britannicus himself died a few years later, reportedly poisoned by his step-brother. The future emperor Titus and Britannicus were close friends, and Titus became quite ill and nearly died after eating from the same poisoned dish that killed Britannicus.
R. Smits, Numismatist for Numismall
CLAUD2-1.JPG
38 viewsCLAUDIVS II - AE Antoninianus - 268/270 - Siscia mint
Obv.: IMP CLAVDIVS AVG; radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev: TEMPORVM FELI; Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae; P in the right field
Gr. 3,25; mm. 22
RIC 192, Cohen 285
Maxentius
galerius.jpg
37 viewsObv: Laurelled Bust of Galerius right
Rev: Genius standing left holding a cornucopiae and patera
Heraclea mint
1 commentspaul1888
roma__comemmoreative_she_woof.jpg
82 viewsROMA Commermorative 33.3-334 ap.J-C
Obv. VRBS ROMA, buste casqué et cuirassé à gauche.
Rev: louve allaitant Romulus and Remus, au-dessus de deux étoiles.
Marque d'atelier:
18mm.,1,85g .,patine foncee
Heraclea
RIC VII 143 Urbs Roma Commemorative AE Reduced Follis. VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust left / She-wolf standing left, suckling twins, two stars above. Mintmark SMH officina letter and star. _1318

Antonivs Protti
Romanus_III,_Class_B_Follis,_Constantinople,_1028-1034_AD~0.JPG
42 viewsRomanus III, Class B Follis, Constantinople, 1028-1034 AD

IC to left, XC to right
Christ, bust facing, square in each limb of nimbus cross,
holding book of gospels
IS-XS / BAS-ILE / BAS-ILE
cross with dots at the ends, on three steps
SB 1823
11.8g / 27mm
Antonivs Protti
bizantina_1,6_gr___15mm.JPG
31 viewsManuel I. AE Tetarteron. Thessalonica mint. QGE to left, P-over-w GIOS (or O GEORGIOC) to left or QGE to left, WGIOC to right of bust facing of St. George, unbearded, nimbate, wearing tunic, cuirasse and cloak, holding spear and shield / MANVHL DECPOTH (or MANOVHL DEC), crowned, unbearded bust facing of Manuel, wearing loros, holding labarum and cross on globe. SB 1975, BMC 75-77.
1,6 gr. 15mm.
Antonivs Protti
bizantina_1,0_gr__11_mm.JPG
42 viewsManuel I, Comnenus. 1143-1180 AD. AE 1/2 Tetarteron, Greek Mint, 1.2 grams. AE14. (As SB1975 but much smaller). P-over-w GIOC to left of bust facing of St. George, unbearded, nimbate, wearing tunic, cuirass and cloak, holding spear and shield / MANVHL DECPOTH (or MANOVHL DEC), crowned, unbearded bust facing of Manuel, wearing loros, holding labarum and cross on globe. SB 1980, BMC 78.
1.0 gr. 11mm.
Antonivs Protti
bizantina_2,2_gr__16_mm.JPG
24 viewsManuel I. AE Tetarteron. Thessalonica mint. QGE to left, P-over-w GIOS (or O GEORGIOC) to left or QGE to left, WGIOC to right of bust facing of St. George, unbearded, nimbate, wearing tunic, cuirasse and cloak, holding spear and shield / MANVHL DECPOTH (or MANOVHL DEC), crowned, unbearded bust facing of Manuel, wearing loros, holding labarum and cross on globe. SB 1975, BMC 75-77.
2,2 gr. 16mm.
Antonivs Protti
rjb_2012_06_08.jpg
12 viewsdiocletian
alexandria
mauseus
IMG_0023.JPG
24 viewsRIC VII 167 Constantine I AE follis Follis. 322-325 AD. CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right / D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG, laurel wreath enclosing VOT XX and crescent below. Mintmark TT. Quant.Geek
reverse_close_up.jpg
11 viewsSIMON C2
GREEKUncleaned.jpg
18 viewsAntonivs Protti
Clipboard11~1.jpg
23 viewsancientone
adadd.jpg
24 viewsCeltic, Bastarnae Tribe, Thrace, c. 220 - 160 B.C., Imitative of Macedonian Kingdom Type

The Bastarnae were an important ancient people of uncertain, but probably mixed Germanic-Celtic-Sarmatian, ethnic origin, who lived between the Danube and the Dnieper (Strabo, Geography, VII, 3,17) during the last centuries B.C. and early centuries A.D. The etymology of their name is uncertain, but may mean 'mixed-bloods' (compare 'bastard'), as opposed to their neighbours the East Germanic Scirii, the 'clean-' or 'pure-bloods.'

32899. Bronze AE 16, imitative of SNG Cop 1299 (Macedonian Kingdom, time of Philip V and Perseus, 221 - 168 B.C.), Fair/Fine, 2.168g, 16.3mm, obverse Celtic-style bust of river-god Strymon right; reverse Trident
Patrick O3
Claudius_Divis.JPG
5 viewsAntonivs Protti
Licinius_I,_AE18,_campgate,_Lamdba_right,_Heraclea,_318-320_AD~0.JPG
10 viewsAntonivs Protti
Metapont_Nomos1.jpg
45 viewsdidrachm, 330/290 BC
7.82 g
obv: head of Demeter left
rev: ear of grain, tongs to left, META to right
(Johnston C 4.20 (this coin); Rutter, Historia Numorum 1583)
from Ars Classica 15, Luzern 1930, No. 167, ex Künker e-Auction 17, No. 7
2 commentsareich
Deutschland_Potsdam_Medaille_1924_Schwimmfest_Sieger.jpg
17 viewsDeutschland

Potsdam

Medaille 1924 (Bronze)

II.Preis , gestiftet vom Potsdamer Schwimmclub

Vs.: Schwimmer greifen nach Lorbeerkranz, den Germania hält

Rs.:Gravur

Gewicht: 16,3g

Durchmesser: 35mm

Erhaltung: vorzüglich _591
Antonivs Protti
Boeotia_Pharai.jpg
23 viewsBOEOTIA, Pharai. 4th century BC. AR Obol (0.85 g). Boeotian shield / Amphora; wheat ear to left; all within concave circle. BCD Boiotia 236. Near VF, toned, light roughness.

From the BCD Collection.
1 commentsareich
9e8WbRx57aNtBq3DSKi2mG4g8AZgdC.jpg
14 viewsAbbasid Governors, anonymous, AE fals (21mm, 3.71gm, 11h), Halab, AH 136. O: Kalima; below, large pellet left and annulet right; in margin, mint and date formula. R: At center, Kalima continued; in margin, Qur'an 9:33. Ilisch (1996) Resafa IV, p. 117, 221 (dated xx6); cf. ibid. 220 (dated 135) and 222 (date illegible, either 135 or 136); see also Nützel (1898) Berlin 2074 (dated 135 but mint illegible) and Shamma p. 89, 3 (dated xx5). Very Fine and extremely rare, olive green patina with areas of red sand encrustation. Date full and clear. Mint missing but clearly style of Halab, AH 135 and 136.Quant.Geek
TAMAR_IRREGULAR_COINAGE.jpg
57 viewsGEORGIAN KINGDOM, QUEEN TAMAR (1184-1213 AD) Irregular copper coin. Obv.: Geometric designs, with legends in Georgian; including name T'amar. Rev.: Legends in Arabic letters. dpaul7
TAMAR___DAVIT_Regular_Coinage.jpg
73 viewsGEORGIAN KINGDOM, QUEEN TAMAR, (1184-1213 AD) K'ORONIKON, 420 = 1200 AD; Obv.: Bagratid royal emblem in the form of a standard, to left and right: Initials for T'amar and David; in the corners, Georgian date formula, K'K Ví K (420 of the Paschal cycle = AD 1200). Two Counterstamps. Rev.: Christian inscriptions in arabic script, which reads: 1st line: Malekat al-Malekaat(s) / 2nd line Jellal Al-Dunya Wal Din / 3rd line : Tamar Ibnat Kurki / 4th line : Zahir Al-Massih. Translation: Queen of Queens Glory of the World and Faith T'amar daughter of Giorgi Champion of the Messiah. Reference: LANG # 11.

Reverse inscriptions read :
ملكة الملكات
جلال الدنيا و الدين
تمار ابنة كوركى
ظهير المسيح
dpaul7
Claudius_I,_Spain.JPG
9 viewsAntonivs Protti
Claudius_I,_Hispania.JPG
13 viewsAntonivs Protti
Claudius,_AE_ant__Eagle.JPG
8 viewsAntonivs Protti
Claudius_Consecratio_alta.JPG
9 viewsAntonivs Protti
Clipboard~1.jpg
21 views13mm, 2.2g.ancientone
Clipboard2~6.jpg
26 viewsancientone
stuff-01.jpg
13 viewsMassachusetts Treasury Loan Certificate £15 June 1, 1780 MA-8
This certificate is listed as MA-8 in Anderson's The Price of Liberty. It bears the Sword in Hand vignette encircled by a rattlesnake. Anderson rates this piece as a low R7, indicating only 7 to 12 examples are known.
1 commentsSpongeBob
Hadrian_Denarius_Egypt_New.jpg
40 viewsHadrian (A.D. 117 - 138), Silver Denarius. Mint of Rome, struck A.D. 134 - 138. HADRIANVS - AVG COS III P P, bare head of Hadrian facing right, rev. AEGYPTOS, Aegyptos reclining left, holding a sistrum, her left arm resting on a basket, an Ibis at her feet, 3.48g, 6h (C. 99; RIC 297)2 commentspaul1888
Denarius_111-110.jpg
15 viewsDenarius
Appius Claudius Pulcher, T Manlius Mancinus & Q Urbinus
Mint: Rome
111-110 BCE

Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma, right; behind, mark (circle within a triangle); border of dots
Reverse: Victory in triga right, holding reins in both hands, one horse looking back; AP CL T MAL Q VR in exergue; border of dots

Crawford (RRC) 299/1a
Sydenham 570
RSC I Mallia 1
SRCV I 176
Shea B
Sear-840.jpg
23 viewsHeraclius, with Heraclius Constantine. 610-641. Æ Follis (29mm, 8.63 g, 6h). Cyzicus mint, 1st officina. Dated RY 3 (AD 612/3). Crowned and draped figures of Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine standing facing, each holding globus cruciger; cross above / Large M; cross above, A/N/N/O III (date) across fields; A//KYZ. DOC 175a; MIB 185; SB 840Quant.Geek
lot943919.jpg
19 viewsFaustina II. Silver Denarius (3.27 g), Augusta, AD 147-175. Rome, under Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, AD 161-164/5. FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust of Faustina II right, with single circle of pearls around head. Reverse: IVNONI REGINAE, Juno standing facing, head left, holding patera and scepter. RIC -; BMC -; RSC -. Unpublished in the standard references without the peacock. Normally a peacock is shown standing at the feet of Juno on the reverse. On this coin, the bird is missing.Quant.Geek
Trajan_Denarius.jpg
32 viewsTrajan. 98-117AD. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 2.97g). Rome mint. Struck January 101 AD to December 102 AD. IMP CAESAR NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, laureate head right. / P M TR P · COS · IIII P P, Hercules standing facing on low base, holding club in right hand and lion skin over left arm. RIC II, pg 247, #49. Good VF, attractive blue iridescent toning toning around the devices. NICE EYE APPEAL !!

Ex. Auktion Numismatica Wendt KG, Wien 12 (1976), 256; Ex. Münzen & Medaillen GmbH (DE) 13, #642. Oct. 9, 2003.
1 commentspaul1888
30599.jpg
28 viewsanonymous (attributed to Alexius I). Ca. 1081-1118. AE follis (25.96 mm, 5.26 g, 12 h). anonymous class J. Constantinople mint. Facing bust of Christ, cross behind his head with 5 pellets in each limb; wearing pallium and colobium; raising hand and holding book of Gospels; / IC - C / XC / Crosss with globule and two pellets at each extremity; beneath, large crescent; around, four globules, each surrounded by pellets. SBCV 1900. Overstruck on a class I anonymous follis SBCV 1889 1 commentsQuant.Geek
0123_001.jpg
22 viewsIndian Mughal, original miniature painting with illuminated borders painted on the reverse of an unrelated original 18th Century Persian manuscript with mentions of Mahadev (Shiva), Parvati, daughter of Himalaya and Byas. The folio script is about Byas begot Singh and Singh upbringing, suggesting Persian Abd al-Rahman Chishtis at Al-makhlukat (1631-32), which includes Islamic and Sanskrit sacred Parana - Ramayana and Mahabharata (Persian - Razm-nama) - the story of creation.Quant.Geek
Sear-653.jpg
17 viewsPhocas. 602-610. Æ Follis – 40 Nummi (32mm, 12.92 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. Dated RY 5 (606/7). Crowned facing bust, wearing consular robes, holding mappa and cross / Large XXXX; ANNO above, Ч to right; TЄS. DOC 47; MIBE 91; SB 653. Good VF, dark brown-black patina, hint of earthen deposits, cleaning marks. Overstruck on a Nicomedia follis of Maurice Tiberius (SB 512). Quant.Geek
Sear-2429.jpg
10 viewsAndronicus II Palaeologus, with Michael IX. 1282-1328. Æ Assarion (19mm, 1.70 g, 6h). Class III. Constantinople mint. Struck 1295-1320. Winged seraph / Half-length facing figures of Andronicus and Michael, holding patriarchal cross between them. DOC 638-46; SB 2429. VF, green and brown patina.


From the Iconodule Collection.
Quant.Geek
Sear-2365.jpg
8 viewsAndronicus II Palaeologus. 1282-1328. Æ Trachy (23.5mm, 1.09 g, 6h). Class VIII. Thessalonica mint. Six-petaled flower / Half-length facing figures of Michael, holding [cruciform scepter], and St. Demetrius, holding spear, holding between them a staff surmounted by cross within ring. DOC 736-9; SB 2365. VF, dark green and brown patina.


From the Iconodule Collection.
Quant.Geek
Sear-2374.jpg
12 viewsAndronicus II Palaeologus. 1282-1328. Æ Trachy (23.5mm, 1.61 g, 6h). Class IV. Thessalonica mint. Facing bust of St. Demetrius, holding spear and shield / Half-length winged facing figure of Andronicus, holding sword and akakia, above crenelated wall with archways. DOC 730-1; SB 2374. VF, dark green patina, minor areas of weak strike, struck on irregular flan.


From the Iconodule Collection.
Quant.Geek
image00327.jpg
19 viewsHeraclius & Heraclius Constantine overstruck on Phocas & Leontia . 610-641 / 602-610. Æ follis (26.89 mm, 8.78 g, 6 h). Host coin, Theopolis (Antioch) mint, 602-610 / after 610. overstrike, Thessalonica mint. Overstrike: fragmentary, d N hЄRA[CLIЧS PP AVG] Host coin, also fragmentary, [O N FOCA] NЄ PЄ [AV] , Overstrike: Heraclius (on left, and Heraclius constantine, barely visible on right) standing facing, each holding globus cruciger, cross between their heads Host coin: Phocas on left and Leontia standing facing; Emperor holds globus cruciger, Empress holds cruciform scepter; cross between their heads / Overstrike, large M between A / N / N / O and date (not struck-up), cross above, B below, ΘЄC in exergue Host coin, large m between [A / N /] N / O and date (unclear) cross above, ThЄЧP' in exergue. Host coin, Cf. SBCV 671; Overstrike, Cf. SBCV 824. VF for type, dark green patina on devices, lighter encrustation on fields - overstrike at ~ 90º ccw.

multiply struck: host coin is Phocas & Leontia from Antioch, SBCV 671 or similar overstrike, at ~ 90º ccw, is Heraclius from Thessalonica
Quant.Geek
Pseudo_Rhodian_Drachm.jpg
32 viewsMacedonian Kingdom. Perseus. 179-168 B.C. AR drachm (15 mm, 2.60 g, 12 h). ca. 171/0 B.C. Aristokrates, magistrate. Head of Helios facing slightly right / P-O, rose with bud to left; in left field, club; above, magistrate's name: [ΑΡΙ]ΣΤΟΚΡΑΤΗΣ. R. J. H. Ashton, ""Clubs, Thunderbolts, Torches, Stars and Caducei: more Pseudo-Rhodian Drachms from Mainland Greece and the Islands,"" NC 162 (2002), 17 (A6/P5; this coin). Toned. Very fine.
Ex Naville V (18 June 1923), 2669. British Museum Duplicate, Ex: British Museum


The Pseudo-Rhodian drachms were struck, probably by the Macedonians under Perseus but possibly by the Romans, to pay for Mercenaries from Crete and Rhodes who would have been familiar with Rhodian coinage. The coins in the name of the magistrate Aristokrates with the club symbol in the field is the largest known individual issue of pseudo-Rhodian drachms from the Third Macedonian War, and used at least twenty-nine obverse dies.
paul1888
nillus.jpg
36 viewsHadrian AR Denarius, Nilus reverse
Hadrian (117-138 AD). AR Denarius, struck circa 134-138 AD, Rome mint.
Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, bare head right.
Rev. NILVS, Nilus reclining right on object, holding reeds and cornucopiae; hippopotamus at feet; crocodile in water below.
1 commentspaul1888
Clipboard2~7.jpg
10 viewsancientone
Sear-847.jpg
11 viewsHeraclius and Heraclius Constantine. A.D. 610-641. AE follis (25.80 mm, 6.21 g, 7 h). Seleucia Isauriae mint, 1st officina. Dated RY 7 (616/7). Crowned and draped facing busts of Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine, each holding globus cruciger / Crowned and draped facing busts of Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine, each holding globus cruciger / Large K; cross above, A below; A/N/N/O ςI (date) across field. SB 847; DOC 182a; MIB 195. VF.



The Seleucia Isauriae mint was in use between 615 and 618 to support Heraclius’ campaigns against the Sasanians
Quant.Geek
110893LG.jpg
7 viewsSouthern Gaul, Volcae-Tectosages. 1st century B.C. AR drachm (12 mm, 2.39 g). Head left with wild hair and Negroid features / Cross with one ring and three pellets in angles, crescents enclosing each quadrant. LT 2986Quant.Geek
110088LG.jpg
11 viewsTheodosius I. A.D. 379-395. Æ nummus (13 mm, 1.3412 g, 12 h). Heraclea, A.D. 388-392. D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Theodosius I right / SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory advancing left, head right, holding trophy over shoulder and dragging captive; SMHB. RIC 26b.2. Quant.Geek
Maximinus_II_a_jpg.png
22 viewsMaximinus II Æ Follis. Nicomedia, struck circa AD 311.
IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right
/ HERCVLI VICTORI, Hercules standing right, leaning on club; * and B in left field; SMN in exergue.
RIC VI 68.

21mm, 3.92.
1 commentspaul1888
gaul.jpg
28 viewsC. 200-49 BC

Obverse: Bust of Artemis right, monogram before.

Reverse: Lion walking right, MAΣΣA above.

Grey tone with a nice portrait and good metal. – Old collection ticket included.

Ref: SNG Cop 786

Weight: 2.54g

17mm
3 commentspaul1888
capricorn.jpg
38 viewsVespasian, 69-79
Denarius 79, AR 3.52 g. Laureate head r. Rev. Capricorn l; below, globe. C 554. RIC 1058.
Ex CNG 42, 1997 lot 860; Triton VI, January 14, 2003 lot 836, Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG, Auction 92, May 23, 2016 lot 2140, Heritage Auction 3060, 1/16/2018 lot 33400, CNG Web Store (841947); NGC certification 4244139-018
5 commentspaul1888
6F5CEE77-ACA9-41AF-ACC7-FEF70FA1D78A.jpeg
23 viewsDIOCLETIAN.. Ae follis. Lyons.. 285-ca.310 A.D.

IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG: Laureate bust left

GENIO POPVLI ROMANI: Genius standing left holding patera over altar, - / * in field, PLG in exergue.
2 commentspaul1888
Hadrian_Denarius_Africa.jpg
19 viewsHadrian Travel Series AR Den. 3.46 gm. AFRICA reclining l. holding scorpion & cornucopia, basket of fruit at feet, elephant-trunk headdress. RIC 299 paul1888
02claudio_prov.jpg
8 viewstetrico
01claudio_prov.jpg
8 viewstetrico
001a.jpg
Collection overview142 viewsAll my countermarked Spanish coins.

Click on the picture to enlarge.
1 commentsmauseus
Randy.JPG
Falling horseman62 viewsAll 15 official mints.
Alexandria
Amiens
Antioch
Aquileia
Arles
Constantinople
Cyzicus
Heraclea
Lyons
Nicomedia
Rome
Sirmium
Siscia
Thessalonica
Trier
Barbaous Mint

Updated coins with a new background (thanks Jay!)
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
RPC_1555_and_5421_Julius_and_Augustus.jpg
2 Augustus and Divus Julius Caesar - 2 Provincials from Thessalonica35 viewsTop Coin:
Divus Julius Caesar and Augustus
AE20 of Thessalonika, Macedon

QEOC, laureate head of Julius Caesar right / QECCALONIKEWN, bare head of Augustus right.

Moushmov 6659, BMC 58, SGI 151, RPC 1551

Bottom Coin:
Augustus and Divus Julius Caesar.
AE 18 of Macedon, Thessalonica. Circa 38 BC.

SEBACTOC, bare head of Augustus right / QEOC, bare head of Julius Caesar right.

RPC 5421

I got these early in my collecting in a random lot of semi-cleaned coins. I was very proud of them at the time, and they are still among my favorites, because of the excitement I felt when I realized they were Julius Caesar and Augustus coins--my first of either of the first 2 Caesars.
RI0046
RI0047
Sosius
Augustus_REX_PTOL.jpg
2 Augustus and Ptolemy, King of Mauretania 27 viewsÆ Semis, Carthago Nova, Spain
C. Laetilius Apalus and Ptolemy, duoviri.

Bare head of Augustus right / Name and titles of the duoviri around diadem, REX PTOL inside

RPC 172; SNG Copenhagen 494

Ptolemy of Mauretania (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος, Latin: Ptolemaeus, 1 BC-40) was the son of Juba II and Cleopatra Selene and the grandson of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony. He was the last Roman client King of Mauretania, and the last of the Ptolemy line.
1 commentsSosius
Agrippa_As_2.jpg
2.75 Agrippa56 viewsAGRIPPA
Æ As. Struck under Caligula, 37-41 AD

M AGRIPPA L F COS III, head left wearing rostral crown / S-C, Neptune standing facing, head left, naked except for cloak draped behind him & over both arms, holding small dolphin in right hand & vertical trident in left.

Cohen 3, RIC 58 [Caligula], Cohen 3, BMC 161 [Tiberius] Fine, roughness
RI0003
Sosius
Tiberius_RIC_90.jpg
3 Tiberius Countermarked AE 3028 viewsTIBERIUS
AE30 of uncertain mint in Commagene
19-20 A.D.

Laureate head right, with countermark: head of Hercules within circle / Winged caduceus between two cornucopiae.

RIC 89, RPC 3868. RIC 89. BMC 174.
Thanks to FORVM member R. Smits for helping to ID the countermark.
RI0053
1 commentsSosius
Tiberius_Pontif_Maxim.jpg
3 Tiberius Denarius29 viewsTIBERIUS
AR Denarius (3.5 g)
Lugdunum mint, struck 18-35 AD

TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS - Laureate head right / PONTIF MAXIM; Livia, as Pax, seated r., holding olive branch & long scepter; ornate chair legs

RIC 30; BMCRE 48; RSC 16a.
Cleaning scratches. Discussed and authenticated on FORVM ancient coins board
RI0051
Sosius
CLAUDIUS_TAG.jpg
5 15 viewsSosius
Claudius_As_RIC_113.jpg
5 Claudius48 viewsClaudius. A.D. 41-54.
Æ as (29 mm, 12.16 g, 6 h). Rome, ca. A.D. 50(?)-54.

TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head of Claudius left / LIBERTAS AVGVSTA, S C across field, Libertas standing facing, head right, holding pileus and extending left hand.
RIC 113; BMCRE 204; Cohen -.
Unusual red, green and red-brown patina. Light porosity and chipping on obverse edge. Very fine.
Ex-Triskeles Auction, June 2013
RI0024
3 commentsSosius
Claudius_Sest.jpg
5 Claudius33 viewsRI0028Sosius
Claudius_As_2_-_irreg_mint.jpg
5 Claudius23 viewsAe As
Irregular or Provincial Mint
RI0021
Sosius
Claudius_Bosporus.jpg
5 Claudius and Agrippina27 viewsCLAUDIUS AND AGRIPPINA
Æ As, Bosporus (23mm, 6g)
Minted circa 50–54 AD by King Kotys I (46 – 63 AD)

TI KLAVDIOV KAICAPOC; Head of Claudius r.; "IB" below / IOVLIAN AGRIPPINAN CEBACTHN; Head of Agrippina l.; monogram "BAK" in field to l.

Anokhin # 348
RI0025
1 commentsSosius
Claudius_As_2.jpg
5 Claudius As39 viewsCLAUDIUS
AE As.

TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP P P, bare head left / Minerva advancing right, holding shield and brandishing a javelin, S-C across fields.

RIC 116; Sear 1862. aVF, roughness
RI0020
Sosius
Claudius_As.jpg
5 Claudius As32 viewsCLAUDIUS
AE As.

O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP P P, bare head left.

R: Minerva advancing right, holding shield and brandishing a javelin, S-C across fields.

RIC 116; Sear 1862. aVF, roughness
RI0019
1 commentsSosius
Claudius_Modius_Quadrans.jpg
5 Claudius Quadrans20 viewsCLAUDIUS
AE Quadrans, Modius type

VF with encrustations
RI0026
Sosius
Claudius_RIC_85.jpg
5 Claudius Quadrans10 viewsCLAUDIUS
AE Quadrans

O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG around hand holding pair of scales above PNR

R: PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT around S C.

RIC 85, sear5 #1864. aVF with encrustations
RI0027
Sosius
Nero_As_RIC_306.jpg
6 Nero AE As26 viewsNERO
AE As
NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP, laureate head right / PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT S-C, the Temple of Janus, latticed window to l., garland hung across closed double doors on the right.
RIC 306, Sear5 #1974

On the rare occasions when Rome was not at war with a foreign enemy the doors of the 'Twin Janus' temple were ceremonially closed, an event which Nero commemorated extensively on the coinage of 65-67 A.D. -- David R. Sear, Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol 1
RI0042
Sosius
Nero_Prov_As.jpg
6 Nero AE As17 viewsNERO
AE As
Moesia or Balkan mint (Perinthus, Thrace?)

O: NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M, Laureate head right

R: S-C, Neptune standing left, holding dolphin and trident.

RPC I 1760; BMCRE 391 note, pl. 48, 11; WCN pg. 245, 1 var. (obverse legend); RIC: not listed but mentioned on pp. 186-187.

Fine/Good
RI0044
Sosius
Vindex_denarius.jpg
6.75 Revolt of Vindex53 viewsRevolt Against Nero, Gaius Iulius Vindex, Governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, c. Late 67 - May 68 A.D.

Struck by Gaius Iulius Vindex, the Roman governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, who rebelled against Nero's tax policy and declared allegiance to Galba, the governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, as the new emperor. Vindex was defeated and killed in battle near Vesontio (modern Besançon), but the military continued to support Galba. On 9 June 68, deserted by the Praetorian Guard, Nero stabbed himself in the throat.

Silver denarius, Unpublished, civil war restitution of Augustus, gF, porosity, marks, uncertain (Lugdunum?) mint, weight 3.167g, maximum diameter 19.0mm, die axis 180o, c. late 67 - May 68 A.D.; obverse CAESAR, bare head of Augustus right; reverse AVGVSTVS, young bull walking right, head turned facing; ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 6, lot 321; only two examples known to Forum

Purchased from FORVM
2 commentsSosius
rjb_car_75.jpg
7553 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “LEG VII CL”
Bull standing right
London Mint
-/-//ML
RIC 75
mauseus
Vitellius_RIC_42.jpg
9 Vitellius As, 69 AD22 viewsVITELLIUS
Æ As.
Tarraco mint

O: A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN, laureate head left

R: FIDES EXERCITVVM, clasped hands.

RIC 42, Sear5 #2217, Cohen 34.
RI0071
Sosius
Vitellius_RIC_73.jpg
9 Vitellius Denarius, 69 AD18 viewsVITELLIUS
AR denarius, Rome Mint (3.13g)
January 2 - December 20, 69 A.D.

O: A VITELLIVS GERMAN IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right

R: CONCOR-DIA P R, Concordia seated left holding patera and cornucopia;

RIC I 73 scarce, Cohen 20

I am unsure of authenticity. The only way to determine once and for all will be to clean this one...
RI0072

Sosius
ar27~0.jpg
Arcadius, Heraclea RIC 27b, 383-395 CE & 395-408 CE13 views
Arcadius AE2
Obverse - D N ARCADIVS P F AVG. Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse - GLORIA ROMANORVM. Emperor standing , head right, holding labarum and globe.
SMHB in ex. Heraclea Mint 21 mm diam. desert patina
NORMAN K
clsud478.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, 268-270 CE.24 viewsBronze Antoninianus, Minister 478
Obverse: DIVO CLAUVDIO, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO, garlanded altar with flames above, no decoration on front. 16.7 mm., 1.8 g.
Note: Although a variation of this coin is in the RIC and Cohen, these sources generally refer to the type with a front divided into four sections (RIC 261). This type of garlanded altar, lit altar was not described and published until the discovery of the Minister Hoard, discovered after RIC was written.
NORMAN K
quin.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, 268-270 CE., Commemorative issue by Quintillus27 viewsBronze Antoninianus, RIC V 261
Obverse: DIVO CLAUVDIO, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO, flaming altar with four panels, each containing pellet.
16.1 mm., 2.2 g.
NORMAN K
18d3.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, RIC 110 Rome25 views
September 268 - August or September 270 CE
antoninianus, RIC V 110, Rome mint, 3.2g, 20.1mm,
Obverse: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VIRTUS AUGUSTI, Virtus helmeted and wearing military gear stands left, waving a branch of laurel in right hand and holding a spear in the left hand, at his feet to the left is his shield. Episilon in right field.
NORMAN K
clau261.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, RIC 261, Milan, 268-270 CE.22 viewsBronze Antoninianus, RIC 261 Milan
Obverse: DIVO CLAUVDIO, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO, large flaming altar with four sections with a dot in each one. mintmark T, Milan mint. 16.5mm., 2.1 g.
NORMAN K
j100.jpg
Julian II RIC 100, Heraclea 355-360 CE25 viewsObverse: DN IVLIA-NVS NOB C, bare-headed, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: SPES REI-PVBLIC, emperor helmeted in military dress, standing left, holding globe and spear.
SMHD in ex. Heraclea mint. 17.4 mm., 1.8 g.
NORMAN K
ju167.jpg
Julian II, AE3 Constantinople RIC 167, 361-363 CE 16 viewsObverse: DN FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust right, holding spear forward and shield.
Reverse: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines across field within wreath.
Dot CONSPB (palm) in ex. RIC VIII 167. 18.5 mm, 3.4 g.
NORMAN K
tacitus82.jpg
Tacitus Silvered Antoninianus RIC V 8216 viewsTacitus Silvered Antoninianus 275-276 CE.
Obverse: IMP CM CL TACITVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: AEQVITAS AVG, Aeqvitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia.
22.4 mm., 3.6 g. Rome mint
NORMAN K
antoniad.jpg
(0010) ANTONIA17 views(daughter of Mark Antony; mother of Claudius; grandmother of Caligula)
b. ca. 36 BC, d. 37 AD
AE ORICHALCUM DUPONDIUS 28.5 11.98 g
STRUCK BY CLAUDIUS, ca. 50 - 54 AD
O: ANTONIA AVGVSTA, bare-headed bust right, hair in long plait
R: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP (P P) S C, Claudius veiled and togate, standing left, holding simpulum
RIC 1 104
laney
Section2_Page_17_Image_0001.jpg
*Late Roman Mints47 viewsFrom:
ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez

ERIC I and ERIC II are great resources for coin identification and the history behind the coins. Author Ras Suarez is a heck of a nice guy and very accessible to collectors. He has made all of ERIC I freely available at:
http://www.dirtyoldbooks.com/eric.html
Sosius
Diocletian_RIC_Rome_105.jpg
1 Diocletian37 viewsDIOCLETIAN
Silvered Follis, Rome, Struck 302-3 AD

IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, bust l. / SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae, star in l. field, RP in ex.

RIC VI Rome 105a gVF
Sosius
Claudius_Cunetio_2296.jpg
1 Claudius II19 viewsCLAUDIUS II
AE Antoninianus
IMP CLAVDIVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust (small) right / SPES AVG, Spes walking left, holding flower and hitching robe, II in left field
Cunetio hoard 2296, Normanby hoard 1086
aVF/F, Rare
Sosius
Claudius_II_RIC_104.jpg
1 Claudius II33 viewsCLAUDIUS II
AE Antoninianus. Rome mint, 268-270 AD
IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust r., seen from back / VICTORIA AVG, Victory st. l. with wreath and cornucopiae.
RIC 104, Cohen 293; Sear5 11378. VF
Sosius
Diocletian_RIC_3a_Serdica.jpg
1 Diocletian21 viewsDIOCLETIAN
AE1 Follis (9.63g), Serdica Mint, Struck 303-305 AD
R: GENIO POPVLIA ROMANI, Genius standing l. pouring liquid from patera and holding cornucopia, .SM.SD. in ex., B in r. field
RIC 3a, Officina B-2
Ex Harlan J. Berk
Sosius
Diocletian_RIC_VI_Ticinum_29a.jpg
1 Diocletian20 viewsDiocletian
AE1 Follis.
IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, with patera & cornucopiae, mintmark PT in ex.
Ticinum RIC 29a
Sosius
Diocletian_RIC_VI_Heraclea_12a.jpg
1 Diocletian25 viewsDiocletian
AE1. 294 AD
IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera & cornucopiae, H and officina letter in ex.
Heraclea, RIC VI 12a
Sosius
Diocletian_RIC_106_Cyzicus_hwflip.jpg
1 Diocletian40 viewsDiocletian
AE Antoninianus. Cyzicus mint.
IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate and draped bust right / CONCORDIA MI-LITVM dot , Emperor standing right with parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter holding sceptre, officina letter in lower centre, mintmark XXI dot.
Cohen 33. RIC 106 Cyzicus
1 commentsSosius
Diocletian_Carthage_RIC_31a-sm2.jpg
1 Diocletian30 viewsDiocletian. A.D. 284-305. Æ follis (29.4 mm, 10.61 g, 6 h). Carthage, A.D. 299-303. IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART, Carthage standing left, holding fruit in both hands; A in exergue. RIC 31a. VF, silvered.
Ex Agora Auctions #1 - Nov 2013
Sosius
Diocletian12.jpg
1 Diocletian Pre-Reform Radiate38 viewsDiocletian
AE Antoninianus, 293-295, Antioch, Officina 9
IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA MIL_ITVM, Emperor standing right, short scepter in left hand, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, scepter in left, ED in lower middle field, XXI in exergue
RIC V, Part II, 322
Ex Max Mehl Coins
Ex Andreas Reich

Thanks to FORVM members stinats and Genio Popvli Romani for helping to attribute this coin!
Sosius
Gordian_Sear_2523.jpg
1 Gordian III31 viewsGordian III
AE of Nicea

O: M ANT GORDIANOC AVG, Radiate, draped bust r.

R: N-I-K-A-I, EWN in ex.; Two standards surmounted by capricorns between two standards

Rec. Gen 711

Rare. According to Dane Kurtz's list, copies include this coin, plus: "Geoff Hintze's collection, another sold on ebay in June 2006 by del550 (DRG Coins, England), another sold on ebay in Dec. 2008 by biggyg2"

Sosius
63430q00.jpg
10 Vespasian and Titus29 viewsVespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Antioch, Syria

Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 113, McAlee 336, RPC II 1947, Wruck 86, aVF, Antioch mint, weight 13.89g, maximum diameter 24.3mm, die axis 0o, 70 - 71 A.D.; obverse ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑΤ ΚΑΙΣΑ ΟΥΕΣΠΑΣΙΑΝΟΥ, laureate bust right; reverse ETOYC Γ IEPOY (Holy Year 3), eagle standing left on club, wings spread, palm frond left; ex CNG auction 149, lot 286; ex Garth R. Drewry Collection, ex Harmer Rooke (26-28 March 1973), lot 488 (part of).

Struck to pay Titus' legions during and after the First Jewish Revolt. RPC notes c. 320 different dies indicate 6,500,000 Syrian tetradrachms might have been minted. This was the quantity Titus would have needed to pay his four legions. Hoard evidence finds many of these types in Judaea confirming they were used to pay the legions.

Purchased from FORVM!
RI0002
Sosius
Titus_RIC_1252.jpg
11 Titus Æ Dupondius68 viewsTITUS
Æ Dupondius
(28mm, 13.13 g, 6h)
Lugdunum (Lyon) mint, under Vespasian, 77-78 AD

O: Laureate head right, globe at tip of neck

R: Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia.
RIC II 1252 (Vespasian); Lyon 107 (Vespasian). Good VF, natural green patina, minor cleaning marks.

Ex CNG
RI0054
6 commentsSosius
Screen_Shot_2017-05-11_at_10_49_26_AM.png
11.5 Julia Titi39 viewsJulia Titi, Daughter of Titus (A.D. 79-80). Augusta, A.D. 79-90/1. AE dupondius. Rome mint, struck A.D. 79/80 by Titus. From the RJM Collection.
Julia Titi, Daughter of Titus (A.D. 79-80). Augusta, A.D. 79-90/1. AE dupondius (27.82 mm, 10.08 g, 5 h). Rome mint, struck A.D. 79/80 by Titus. IVLIA IMP T AVG F AVGVSTA, draped bust of Julia right, hair drawn-up in bun / Vesta seated left holding palladium and scepter; S - C // VESTA. RIC 398 (Titus); BN (Titus) 270, 271; BMC (Titus) 256, 257. Fine, green patina, cleaning marks.

From the RJM Collection.

Ex Agora Auctions, 5/9/2017
3 commentsSosius
rjb_car_cf121.jpg
121cf50 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
AE antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "PAX AVG"
Pax standing left with transverse sceptre
Uncertain mint
V/star//-
RIC - (cf 121)
This coin clearly copies the coins of Victorinus from Mint I (Trier), third issue.
mauseus
image~7.jpg
14 Trajan25 viewsPHOENICIA, Tyre. Trajan. AD 98-117. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 13.88 g, 10h). Struck AD 110/1. Laureate head right; below, club left and eagle standing right / Tyche seated right on rock, holding grain ears; below, river god Orontes swimming right, head left. McAlee 470; Prieur 1498. VF.

Ex CNG
Sosius
Trajan_Dupon_RIC_520.jpg
14 Trajan Dupondius17 viewsTRAJAN
Æ Dupondius, Struck ~103 AD.
IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, radiate bust right, drapery on far shoulder / S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, S C across field, Spes walking left, holding flower and raising skirt.
Sear 3222; RIC II 520; BMCRE 895; Cohen 461; Fine, reverse cleaning scratches
RI0121
Sosius
Hadrian_RIC_848.jpg
15 Hadrian As, travel series, Cappadocia42 viewsHADRIAN
AE As
HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP, draped bust right / CAPPADOCIA S-C, Cappadocia, towered, in tunic & cloak with tassles, standing left holding a miniature of Mount Argaeus & standard.
RIC 848; gVF, pitting
This coin seems to have suffered from bronze disease in the past, and appears to have lost its patina as a result of the BD treatment.
RI0096
1 commentsSosius
Hadrian_RIC_305.jpg
15 Hadrian Denarius - Travel Series35 viewsHADRIAN
AR Denarius,134-138 A.D.
HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, bare head left / HISPANIA, Hispania reclining on rock left, holding olive branch.
RSC 842a, RIC 305, Sear5 #3396 (variant – bust left)
RI0094
2 commentsSosius
Hadrian_RIC_299.jpg
15 Hadrian Denarius - Travel Series27 viewsHADRIAN
AR “Travel Series” Denarius (2.8g); 136 AD.
HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, Laureate head right / AFRICA, Africa reclining left holding scorpion & cornucopiae, basket of grain at feet
Sear 3459 vars, RIC 299, RSC 138
Note: underweight, but appears genuine
RI0093
1 commentsSosius
Hadrian_and_Sabina_Alex_Tet_-_Köln_1093_lg~0.jpg
15.25 Hadrian and Sabina63 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian. AD 117-138. BI Tetradrachm (25mm, 12.94 g, 12h). Dated RY 18 (AD 133/4). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Hadrian right / Draped bust of Sabina right, wearing stephane; L–IH (date) across field. Köln 1093; Dattari (Savio) 1255; K&G 32.572. VF, find patina, slight die shift on obverse.

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 34 (6 May 1995), lot 331.

Ex CNG eAuction 318
6 commentsSosius
Ant_Pius_Hieraopolis-Castabala_BMC7.jpg
17 Antoninus Pius, Hieraopolis-Castabala14 viewsANTONINUS PIUS
AE18 of Hierapolis-Castabala, Cilicia, (3.6g)
138–161 AD
Laureate head of Antoninus Pius, r. / Eagle standing on club, l., ΙΕΡΟΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ
Robert 51, BMC 7
RI0079
Sosius
Lucius_Verus_RIC_1290.jpg
19 Lucius Verus13 viewsLucius Verus
AE As, 161 AD
IMP CAES L AVREL VERVS AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA AVGVSTOR TR P COS II S-C, Verus and Marcus Aurelius clasping hands
RIC 1290, Sear5 #5408; aFine
One of my first "big" roman coins. Not pretty, but it was exciting to get and to attribute. I didn't even know who Lucius Verus was before I got the coin!
RI0099
Sosius
rjb_spain4_08_05.jpg
260 viewsObverse
VIII over S
Reverse
unclear
mauseus
Philip_AE_25_of_Antioch.jpg
2 Philip I18 viewsPhilip I
Æ25 of Antiochia, Pisidia
244-249 AD

Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust r. / The river-god Anthios reclining l. on urn, holding reed and cornucopia.

SNG von Aulock 4971. VF

This coin may be a die match with this coin: http://www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=602309
Sosius
Quintillus_RIC_22.jpg
2 Quintillus19 viewsQuintillus 270 A.D.
AE Antoninianus.
IMP C M AVR CL QVINTILLVS AVG, radiate & draped bust right / LAETITIA AVG, Laetitia standing left with rudder.
RIC 22, Cohen 39, Sear 11444; VF
Sosius
rjb_car_fratrescf198.jpg
202cf189 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "CARAVSIVS ET FRATRES SVI"
Jugate busts of Diocletian, Maximianus and Carausius left, Carausius holding spear over shoulder
Rev "COMES AVGGG"
Victory walking left holding wreath and branch
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 202-3)
An interesting variant of the bust type with the spear, compare with the jugate Carausius in the “Best of Type” gallery.
2 commentsmauseus
rjb_car_209cf_08_05.jpg
209cf32 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “CONCOR MIL”
Clasped hands
Camulodunum mint
-/-//C
RIC - (cf 209-10)
mauseus
_1_Pertinax_RIC_11.jpg
21 Pertinax Denarius32 viewsPERTINAX
AR denarius, Rome
January 1–March 28, 193 AD

O: IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head of Pertinax right

R: PROVID DEOR COS II, Providentia standing l., raising r. hand toward star.
BMCRE 13. RIC 11(a). RSC 43. Very fine

Ex Numismatica Ars Classica
RI0132
Sosius
rjb_car_210_05_05.jpg
21038 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "CONCOR MILIT"
Clasped hands
Camulodunum mint
-/-//C
RIC 210
mauseus
rjb_car_06_09.jpg
235cf39 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "FORTVN AVG"
Fortuna standing left holding baton and cornucopia
Camulodunum mint
S/C//C
RIC - (cf235)

The 4 o'clock die axis and slope in Fortuna's stance mean that this is, in all probability, an irregular issue
mauseus
Clodius_Albinus_RIC_7.jpg
24.5 Clodius Albinus Denarius17 viewsCLODIUS ALBINUS
as Caesar
AR Denarius

O: CLOD SEPT ALBIN CAES, bare head right

R: MINER PACIF COS II, Minerva standing facing with olive branch, shield & spear.

RIC 7, RSC 48, Sear 6144

Ex Tom Vossen Coins
RI0130
Sosius
Unident_Prov_-_30mm.jpg
25 Caracalla24 viewsCARACALLA
AE 31, Mopsus, Cilicia
Year 265=198 AD

Youthful Caracalla as Augustus, bust r. / Mule standing l., wreath and quiver on his back

SNG Levante 1344 (according to Curtis Clay: could be same obv. die, but different rev. die)

Thanks to FORVM member Curtis Clay for his assistance attributing this coin.
Sosius
Roman_Prov.jpg
26 Geta?20 viewsNever nailed this one down. It was discussed here:

http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=70693.msg443086#msg443086

From FORVM member Pscipio:
"Probably Geta as Caesar rather than Caracalla, cf. SNG Aulock 7165 for what looks like an obverse die match (different reverse type). Note that a similar left facing portrait also exists for Caracalla, but laureate, thus as Augustus: SNG Aulock 7162, which is clearly from the same hand and therefore probably belongs to the same emission.

The countermark appears to be Howgego 68."
Sosius
Macrinus_Sby_2965.jpg
27 Macrinus19 viewsMACRINUS
AR Tetradrachm of Phoenicia, Tyre. AD 217-8. (11g, 25.6mm)

AYT K M OP CE MAKPINOC CE, laureate bust right, with drapery at front of truncation / DHMAPX EX YPATOC PP, eagle standing on club facing, head left, murex shell between legs.

Prieur 1555
Sosius
AUGUDU03-2.jpg
28 BC Colony established at Nemausus by Augustus' army414 viewsmedium bronze (dupondius or as?) (12.6g, 25mm, 2h) Nemausus mint. Struck 10 BC - 10 AD.
IMP DIVI F Agrippa laureate head left and Augustus laureate head right, back to back
COL NEM crocodile chained to palm tree top bent to right, wreath at top.
RIC (Augustus) 158

Denomination uncertain. COL NEM stands for COLONIA AVGVSTA NEMAVSVS (present Nîmes, France), built by Augustus' army after their conquest and return from Egypt. The crocodile chained to the palm tree symbolizes the defeat of the Cleopatra and Marc Antony at Actium.
2 commentsCharles S
Diadumenian_4_Assaria.jpg
28 Diadumenian14 viewsDIADUMENIAN
4 Assaria (27mm), Nikopolis ad Istrum, Marcus Claudius Agrippa, Magistrate

M OPELLI DI-ADOUMENIANO C K, Bust of Diadumenian / UP AGRIPPA NIKOPOLITWN PROC ICTRWN, Nike standing r., holding garland and palm

NIC4.32b; AMNG I. 1800, p. 459 111 VF, encrustations
Sosius
Her_Etruscilla_RIC_59b.jpg
3.1 Herennia Etruscilla18 viewsHERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
Wife of Trajan Decius
AR Antoninianus.

HER ESTRVSCILLA AVG, diademed & draped bust right on crescent / PVDICITA AVG, Pudicitia seated left holding sceptre & drawing veil from her face.

RIC 59b, RSC 19, Sear5 #9495

aVF, Green deposits. This coin would probably clean up beautifully. Need to put that on the to-do list.
Sosius
001590_l.jpg
32 Gordian I Africanus30 viewsGORDIAN I AFRICANUS
AE Sestertius, Rome Mint
27-29 mm, 17.75 g
March 19 to April 9, 238 A.D.
IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AFR AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / VICTORIA AVGG, S-C, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
RIC IV, 2, p. 161, 12. Very rare. Good portrait and fully readable name. Very fine.
Ex-Auctiones

Gordian I, an 80-year-old senator, was proclaimed as emperor during a revolt in Africa but commited suicide after his son and co-ruler Gordianus II was defeated by Maximinus' legate. Their rule only lasted for 20 days, hence the rarity of their coins.
Sosius
Balbinus_Ant.jpg
34 Balbinus29 viewsBALBINUS
Ruled April 22 – July 29 238
AR antoninianus, Rome Mint. (22mm, 5.01 gm, 7h).
IMP CAES CAEL BALBINVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA AVGG, clasped hands.
RIC 10. RSC 3.
Lightly toned. Some deposits. Minor die break on obverse. Large flan. Good Very Fine.
From collection of Dale Sigler, Tarzana,CA
Ex. Heritage Auctions
1 commentsSosius
Pupienus_RIC_22.jpg
35 Pupienus31 viewsPUPIENUS
Æ Sestertius, 238 A.D.
IMP CAES M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / PAX PVBLICA, SC, Pax seated left, holding branch and sceptre.
RIC V 22; BMCRE 48; Cohen 23.
VF, Rare
Ex Lucernae
Sosius
Pupienus_RIC_10b.jpg
35 Pupienus Denarius29 viewsPUPIENUS
AR Antoninanus. 238 AD

O: IMP CAES PVPIEN MAXIMVS AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right

R: CARITAS MVTVA AVGG, clasped hands.

RSC 3, RIC 10b, Sear 8520

Ex Artifact Man Ancient Coins (vCoins)
1 commentsSosius
CaliDu01-2.jpg
37 AD Dedication of the temple of Divus Augustus280 viewsorichalcum dupondius (29mm). Rome mint. Struck AD 37.
CONSENSV SENAT·ET·EQ·ORDIN·P·Q·R Gaius seated left on curule chair
DIVVS AVGVSTVS S C radiate head of Augustus facing left
RIC (Gaius) 56; Cohen (August) 87; Foss (Roman historical coins) 60:4
ex old British (Oxford) collection

Minted under Caligula on the occasion of the dedication of a temple to Divus Agustus; the identity of the seated person is uncertain but probably Gaius. The legend 'ET EQ' refers to 'EQVES' (pl. EQVITES), 'horseman'. In the early empire, they were the holders of administrative posts of a class second only to the senators.
In the picture the obverse and reverse have accidentally been switched around.
Charles S
Claudius_As_4.jpg
4 Claudius34 viewsRI0023Sosius
Claudius_As_3.jpg
4 Claudius11 viewsCLAUDIUS
AE As
RI0022
Sosius
Galerius_RIC_Heraclea_59a.jpg
4 Galerius30 viewsGALERIUS
AE Follis, Heraclea, 311 AD
IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG / GENIO IMP-E-RATORIS, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia, star in l. field, crescent in r. field, HT epsilon in ex.
RIC VI Heraclea 59a Scarce
Sosius
Galerius_RIC_VII_Heraclea_18b_hwflip.jpg
4 Galerius32 viewsGALERIUS
Silvered Follis, Heraclea, 297-298 AD

GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, head l. / GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI, Genius standing l., holding patera and cornucopiae, HT epsilon in ex.

RIC VI Heraclea 20b
Sosius
Tacitus_RIC_181_tflip.jpg
4 Tacitus13 viewsTACITUS
AE Antoninianus, Sicia Mint
IMP CM CLA TACITVS AVG, radiate bust r. / AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae, P in r. field
RIC V (1) 181 fine
Sosius
Tacitus_RIC_93var_tflip.jpg
4 Tacitus16 viewsTACITUS
Silvered Antoninianus, Rome
275-276 A.D.
IMP CM CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust r. / SALVS AVG, Salus standing left by altar, holding sceptre, and feeding serpent rising from altarXXI delta in ex.
Estiot 0128, La Venera hoard 1855; RIC 93 var (standing). VF
Sosius
Tacitus_RIC_RIC_87a_hwflip.jpg
4 Tacitus11 viewsTACITUS
AR Antoninianus
IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate head right / FIDES MILITVM Fides standing, head right, holding standard in each hand, XXIS in ex.
RIC 87 (radiate head). F/aVF
Sosius
Tacitus_Ant_Estiot_2228_not_in_RIC-sm.jpg
4 Tacitus44 viewsTacitus.
A.D. 275-276.
Æ antoninianus (22.6 mm, 3.62 g, 12 h). Siscia Mint
IMP C M CL TACITVS P AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, holding branch and transverse scepter; Q in right field. Estiot 2228; La Venera 2228-30; RIC temp 3651 (http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/3651).
gVF, silvered.
Ex Agora Auctions
Thanks for FORVM member Quadrans for his help attributing this coin!
1 commentsSosius
Tacitus_Ant_RIC_145.jpg
4 Tacitus47 viewsTacitus. A.D. 275-276. Æ antoninianus (22.2 mm, 4.13 g, 6 h). Rome mint, A.D. 276. IMP CM CL TACITVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right / MARTI PACIF, Mars advancing left, holding branch, spear and shield; S in exergue. RIC 145. gVF, partially silvered.
Ex. Agora Auctions, Aug 2014, from collection of Dave Surber, founder of wildwinds.com
3 commentsSosius
rjb_claud_01_09.jpg
4126 viewsClaudius 41-54 AD
AE as
Obv "TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TRP PP"
Bare head left
Rev "SC"
Minerva walking right holding shield and spear
Rome mint
RIC 116
mauseus
rjb_2016_09_01.jpg
4110 viewsClaudius 41-54 AD
Tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Year 6
Rev: Messalina, 3rd wife of Claudius, holding two small children (Claudia Octavia and Britannicus) in outstretched hand
RPC I 5164
mauseus
rjb_car_449bis_04_06.jpg
449bis38 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "ERCVLI PACIFERO"
Hercules standing left holding club and lions scalp
Unattributed mint
S/P//
RIC - (449 bis)
mauseus
rjb_spain1_08_05.jpg
582 viewsObverse
PHILIPPVS monogram
Crowned date (unclear, 1641?)
Cartouche date (unclear)
Reverse
REX monogram
Cartouche 8
VIII over MD
mauseus
rjb_nero_06_09.jpg
5431 viewsNero 54-68 AD
AE as
Obv "NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP"
Laureate head right
Rev "PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT SC"
Temple of Janus with doors closed
Rome mint
RIC 306
mauseus
rjb_2012_05_32.jpg
5420 viewsNero 54-68 AD
AE as
Obv "NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP"
Laureate head right
Rev "PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT SC"
Temple of Janus with doors closed
Rome mint
RIC 300
mauseus
Probus_RIC_Antioch_922.jpg
6 Probus24 viewsPROBUS
Antoninianus, Antioch
IMP CM AVR PROBVS PF AVG, RDC bust r. / CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter, standing left holding sceptre, A below, XXI in ex.
RIC V-2 Antioch 922; Sear 11961
Ex Artifact Man Ancient Coins
Sosius
Valerian_II_RIC_20.jpg
6.5 Valerian II11 viewsVALERIAN II
AR Antoninianus, Rome Mint
254-255 AD

P C L VALERIANVS NOB CAES, Radiate draped bust r. / PIETAS AVGG, Sacrificial implements, including, lituus, knife, fluted jug turned left, simpulum and aspergillum

RIC V-1, 20; Cohen 56
Sosius
rhodes.jpg
6023 viewsPseudo-Autonomous
Rhodes
AE 35mm (drachm)
c.31BC - 60AD
Obverse: Head of Dionysus right, radiate and with ivy leaf wreath
Reverse: Nike, right, with palm and aphlastron, on prow
Magistrate: Hypsikles
RPC I 2761
As this coin is listed in RPC I there is enough justification, for me at least, to include it in my "Diverse Roman" gallery.
mauseus
rjb_car_603cf.jpg
603cf43 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv " IMP CARAVSIVS P AV"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "CONCOR MI"
Clasped hands
London Mint?
-/-//RSR
RIC - (cf 603)
mauseus
rjb_car_hands_06_06.jpg
604cf45 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS P AV"
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "CONCORD MILIT"
Clasped Hands
London mint?
-/-//RSR
RIC - (cf 604)
mauseus
rjb_car_605.jpg
605cf45 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
AE antoninianus
Obv "(IMP CARAVSIVS P)F AV"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "EXPECTATE VENI"
Britannia and Carausius clasping hands
London mint?
[RSR]?
RIC - (cf 605)
mauseus
rjb_car634cf_07_07.jpg
634cf45 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS IVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "CONCORD MILIT"
Emperor clasping hands with Concordia
Rotomagus mint
RIC - (cf 634); Beaujard & Huvelin -
mauseus
rjb_car_secvrit_07_07.jpg
674cf43 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C M A CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "SECVRITA[S PERP]"
Securitas stg left leaning on a short column
"Continental" mint
RIC - (cf 674ff)
This is a very odd coin. It is of the style that RIC calls "Continental" but not Rouen (702-5), although the reverse type is one of Rouen. It is also noteworthy for the obverse nomenclature M A CARAVSIVS.
mauseus
2550340.jpg
70.5 Hanniballianus11 viewsROMAN IMPERIAL
Hanniballianus
Rex Regum, AD 335-337. Æ Follis (15mm, 1.73 g, 12h). Const. mint, 6th officina. Struck AD 336-337.

O: Bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
R: Euphrates reclining right, leaning upon scepter; reed behind, overturned urn below, CONSς.

RIC VII 147; LRBC 1036. Good Fine, dark green patina with some earthen deposits.

Ex CNG
Sosius
rjb_car1_06_09.jpg
76128 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "CONCORDIA MILITV"
Concordia and Carausius standing clasping hands
Unmarked mint
RIC 761
Ex Vogelaar collection
mauseus
rjb_2018_11_03.jpg
76211 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C M CA[RAVSIVS] AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "CONCORD[IA MILITVM]"
Concordia and Carausius standing clasping hands
Unmarked mint
RIC 762
mauseus
rjb_2014_07_02.jpg
7917 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, cuirassed bust right
LAETITIA AVG
Laetitia standing left holding wreath and rudder
Camulodunum mint
S/P//CL
RIC 79
mauseus
Licinius_RIC_Heraclea_73.jpg
8 Licinius23 viewsLICINIUS
AE Follis. Jan-Feb 313 A.D.

IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, Laureate head right / IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing, holding Victory on globe & sceptre; eagle with wreath at feet. Gamma r. SMHT in ex.

RIC VI Heraclea 73
Sosius
Licinius_RIC_Heraclea_52.jpg
8 Licinius30 viewsLICINIUS I
AE Follis, Heraclea Mint, 321-324

IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust r. / IOVI CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter standing l., holding Victory on globe and eagle-tipped scepter, eagle with wreath left, captive right, X over II Mu in r. field, SMHB in ex.

RIC VII Heraclea 52, R1, VF, encrustations (cleanable)
Sosius
Licinius_RIC_Heraclea_13_-r5.jpg
8 Licinius29 viewsLICINIUS I
AE Follis, Heraclea Mint, 315-316

IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG, Laureate bust r. / IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVG, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter, eagle with wreath left, HTB in ex.

RIC VII Heraclea 13, aVF, patina stripped. R5.
Sosius
rjb_2016_01_01.jpg
80217 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “[IMP C CA]RAVSIVS PF AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “[HERCVLI] PACIF”
Hercules standing left holding ? and club
Unmarked mint
RIC 802
mauseus
rjb_2019_08_02.jpg
813 viewsDomitian 81-96 AD
AE as
Obv "IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS X"
Laureate bust right, aegis on shoulder
Rev "SALVTI AVGVSTI SC"
Tetrastyle altar precinct with closed doors
Rome mint
RIC 224
mauseus
rjb_car_982cf_02_05.jpg
82238 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "LAETITI AVG"
Laetitia standing left holding wreath and baton
Unmarked mint
RIC 822
This coin is an obverse and reverse die duplicate of the coin illustrated in "Some Stratified Coins Of c. AD 390-400 From Bourton-On-The-Water" by O'neil in Numismatic Chronicle 1935 pp 275-81. The Bourton specimen plus an obverse brockage die duplicate of this coin can be seen here.
mauseus
rjb_car_laur_02_06.jpg
838cf52 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Laureate
Obv: "IMP CARAVSIVS P AV"
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: "LITI AV"
Laetitia standing left, altar at feet
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 838)
Overstruck on a Rome mint coin of Claudius II, traces visible on the reverse. Obverse and reverse die duplicate of the previous coin. It also looks to be an obverse die duplicate of Normanby 1580.
mauseus
Numerian_RIC_386.jpg
9 Numerian22 viewsNUMERIAN
Silvered Antoninianus, Lyons Mint
IMP CM AVR NVMERIANVS AVG, Radiate bust r. / MARS VICTOR, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy, retrograde C in r. field.
Lyons RIC V-2, 386, gVF fully silvered
Would clean up beautifully if I had the courage!
Sosius
rjb_ge2_1_12_06.jpg
904 Heraclea33 viewsConstantine I
LRBC I 904
RIC VII 116
mauseus
rjb_nerv_02_06.jpg
9624 viewsNerva 96-8 AD
AE dupondius
Obv "IMP NERVA CAES AVG PM TRP COS II PP"
Radiate bust right
Rev "CONCORDIA MILITVM SC"
Clasped hands, standard behind
Rome mint
mauseus
rjb_carausius_renov roman.jpg
968cf65 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
AE antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AV"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "RENOV ROMAN"
Wolf and twins right
Unclear mint mark, no mint mark?
RIC - (cf 968?)
1 commentsmauseus
55535q00.jpg
AHG 272 . The Antioch Hoard of Gallienus . Salonina, August 254 - c. September 268 A.D.21 viewsSalonina, August 254 - c. September 268 A.D.
Billon antoninianus . 2.763g, 20.1mm, 0o, Syrian mint, 258 - 260 A.D.
Obverse : CORN SALONINA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind
Reverse : CONCORDIA AVGG, emperor and empress standing confronted, clasping hands
Göbl MIR 1691p (Samosata), SRCV III 10630 (uncertain Syrian mint), RIC V 63 (Antioch), Cohen 31, AHG 272 (this coin)
From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus . Ex Forum
Vladislav D
coinC_copy.jpg
Antiochos VIII & Cleopatra32 viewsAE 19, 5.78g, Antiochos VIII & Cleopatra, 123 BC, Obv: Radiate head of Antiochus right.. Rev: Owl standing right, head facing on prostrate amphora / ΒΑΣΙΛΙΣΣΗΣ ΚΛΕΟΠΑΤΡΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΞΟΥ, IE in ex. , Seleukid date 190 (123 BC), aXF. S 7139, B.M.C.4.87,10, SC 2263, Hoover HGC 9, 1189 (S).Molinari
Antiochus_IX.jpg
Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C.23 viewsSeleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C. Ae 18. Weight 5.2g. Obv: Diademed head rt. Rev: Pallas Athena rt. holding shield and spear ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ. BMC 93.23
Antiochus IX Eusebes, ruler of the Greek Seleucid kingdom, was the son of Antiochus VII Sidetes and Cleopatra Thea. Upon the death of his father in Parthia and his uncle Demetrius II Nicator's return to power (129 BC), his mother sent him to Cyzicus on the Bosporus, thus giving him his nickname. He returned to Syria in 116 BC to claim the Seleucid throne from half-brother/cousin Antiochus VIII Grypus, with whom he eventually divided Syria. He was killed in battle by the son of Grypus, Seleucus VI Epiphanes in 96 BC.
ddwau
IMG_2850.JPG
Antonius pius caesarea maritima mint 85 viewsObv.: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.:COL PRIMA FL AVG CAESAR, Apollo, nude standing to front looking left holding in right bow (?) leaning with left on tripod-lebes which is encircled by serpent. Rare. Very fine.
1 commentsMaritima
Intaglio.jpg
Asclepius Intaglio47 viewsMale figure Asclepius? holding two snakes.

Asclepius was the god of healing though he, like Heracles, was born as a mortal. Athena gave Asclepius two types of blood to help with his healing work, both from the gorgon, Medusa. One took life quickly but the other restored life. When Asclepius used this life restoring blood he encroached on the preserve of the gods and Zeus struck him down with a thunderbolt. One of the most famous centres for Asclepius worship was at Epidaurus on the Peloponnese. Snakes were sacred to the god and when the Romans embraced him as one of theirs his cult was supposedly taken to Rome in the body of a snake. He was preserved in the heavens as the constellation Ophiuchus, the serpent holder. The Romanised version of his name is Aesculapius.

0.34g

Greek or more likely Roman Provincial

Ex-Time Machine

Sold Forum Auctions December 2017
2 commentsJay GT4
AUGUSTUS_Cistophorus_Pergamum.JPG
AUGUSTUS. AR Cistophorus (3 denarii) of Pergamum. Struck c.19 - 18 B.C.596 viewsObverse: IMP IX TR PO V. Bare head of Augustus facing right.
Reverse: Triumphal arch surmounted by Augustus in facing triumphal quadriga; IMP IX TR POT V on architrave; S P R SIGNIS RECEPTIS in three lines within arch opening, standards at either side.
RIC I : 510 | BMC : 703 | RSC : 298.

This coin commemorates Augustus' triumphant agreement with the Parthians in 20 B.C. under which they returned the legionary standards captured from Crassus who was defeated and killed at Carrhae thirty-three years earlier (53 B.C.) Augustus installed these standards in the Temple of Mars Ultor.
The reverse of the coin shows the triumphal arch which was awarded to Augustus on the occasion of his recovery of the standards. This was the second triumphal arch awarded to Augustus and, like the earlier arch which had been constructed in 29 BC to honour his victory over Cleopatra, this second arch, which archaeological evidence suggests may actually have incorporated the first arch, stood in close proximity to the Temple of Divus Julius at the southern entrance to the Roman Forum.

This is the rarest cistophorus struck during the reign of Augustus with the exception of the exceedingly rare issues featuring a sphinx.
6 commentsdivvsavgvstvs
Baktria.jpg
Baktria16 viewsAlexander the Great's empire split into rival Hellenistic kingdoms ruled by his generals. The most far-flung part was Baktria, his conquests in what is today Afghanistan, western India and Pakistan. Greek settlers ruled over a much larger indigenous population. As centuries went by, this isolated outpost of Greek culture combined elements of both Greek and native traditions, oftentimes reflected in their bilingual coins. The main mints include Aï Khanoum, Bactra, and Pushkalavati.2 commentsChristian T
Baktria,_Diodotos_I,_AR_tetradrachm_-_Holt_A6_4_(this_coin)~0.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Diodotos I, ca. 255/250-240 BC, AR Tetradrachm 22 viewsDiademed head of Diodotos I right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY Zeus advancing left hurling thunderbolt, eagle at feet, ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta, Sampi) monogram in inner left field.

Holt A6.4 (this coin); Kritt A6 (plate 2 A6 this coin); CSE 1294 (this coin); SNG Lockett 3109 (this coin ID: SNGuk_0300_3109); Pozzi 2945 (this coin); ESM 717α (this coin); SNG ANS 77; SC 631.a; Bopearachchi 2E; Mitchiner 64d; Qunduz 6; HGC 9, 243.
Mint "A" - Ai Khanoum

(26 mm, 15.73 g, 6h).
Herakles Numismatics; ex- Houghton Collection (CSE 1294); ex- Lockett Collection (SNGLockett 3109); ex- Pozzi Collection: Naville Sale I (1921) 2945 (sold for CHF 35).

This coin has a very distinguished provenance and has been published as plate coin in four reference works.

The emission with the ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta Sampi) mint control mark is the most abundant of the Diodotid issues, representing about 13% of known Diodotid precious metal coins. The same control carries over into the early coinage of Euthydemos, although eventually displaced by the PK control monogram after 208/6 BC when Antiochos III captured Ai Khanoum while Euthydemos remained besieged at Baktra, after which it appears that Baktra/Balkh assumed the role of primary royal mint in Baktria. In is notable that the Archaic Greek letter Sampi forms the bottom of the ΙΔΤ monogram. It is an Archaic Greek form of a double Sigma that persisted in Greek dialects of Asia Minor. Many Greek settlers from Asia Minor migrated to Baktria, including the illustrious ruler Euthydemos from Magnesia in either Lydia, or Ionia. The archaic Greek Sampi possibly traveled to Baktria with the earliest Greek settlers from Asia Minor.
n.igma
john.jpg
Basil II & Constantine VIII, (976-1028 A.D.)49 viewsÆ “Anonymous” Follis
Class A2
O: EMMANOVHΛ, Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium and holding book of Gospels; IC – XC in fields to left and right.
R: + IhSЧS / [X]RISTЧ[S] / bASILЄЧ / bASILЄ / ·, legend in four lines.
8.68g
26mm
SBCV 1793
5 commentsMat
P10762.JPG
BEAUTIFUL Severus Alexander 222-235 A.D. Caesarea Maritima mint AE 24193 viewsSeverus Alexander AE24 Ros-86
Obv:bust r,laur and cuirssed
IMPCAES ALEXANER
Rev:eagle displayed ,supporting a wreath enclosingthe letters SPQR
CIF AFC CAE METROPOLIS
1 commentsMaritima
Sear-1889a.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Æ Anonymous Class I Follis, Attributed to Nicephorus III (Sear-1889, DOC I.1-64)30 viewsObv: Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator
Rev: Latin cross with central X and globus and two pellets at the end of each extremity; crescents to upper left and right, floral scroll below
SpongeBob
T1118LG.jpg
C POBLICIUS Q F. 80 BC89 viewsHelmeted bust of Roma right / Hercules strangling the Nemean lion; bow and quiver at left; club below. Cr. 380/1.

POBLICIA, a plebian family, but of consular rank. Its cognomen on coins is Malleolus. There are fifteen varieties, all of silver, on some of which a small hammer or mallett is engraved, evidently alluding to the surname Malleolus.

The first of Heracles' twelve labours, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin) was to slay the Nemean lion.

According to one version of the myth, the Nemean lion took women as hostages to its lair in a cave near Nemea, luring warriors from nearby towns to save the damsel in distress. After entering the cave, the warrior would see the woman (usually feigning injury) and rush to her side. Once he was close, the woman would turn into a lion and kill the warrior, devouring his remains and giving the bones to Hades.

Heracles wandered the area until he came to the town of Cleonae. There he met a boy who said that if Heracles slew the Nemean lion and returned alive within 30 days, the town would sacrifice a lion to Zeus; but if he did not return within 30 days or he died, the boy would sacrifice himself to Zeus.[3] Another version claims that he met Molorchos, a shepherd who had lost his son to the lion, saying that if he came back within 30 days, a ram would be sacrificed to Zeus. If he did not return within 30 days, it would be sacrificed to the dead Heracles as a mourning offering.

While searching for the lion, Heracles fetched some arrows to use against it, not knowing that its golden fur was impenetrable; when he found and shot the lion and firing at it with his bow, he discovered the fur's protective property when the arrow bounced harmlessly off the creature's thigh. After some time, Heracles made the lion return to his cave. The cave had two entrances, one of which Heracles blocked; he then entered the other. In those dark and close quarters, Heracles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. Others say that he shot arrows at it, eventually shooting it in the unarmoured mouth.

After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. He then tried sharpening the knife with a stone and even tried with the stone itself. Finally, Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told Heracles to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.

When he returned on the thirtieth day carrying the carcass of the lion on his shoulders, King Eurystheus was amazed and terrified. Eurystheus forbade him ever again to enter the city; in future he was to display the fruits of his labours outside the city gates. Eurystheus warned him that the tasks set for him would become increasingly difficult. He then sent Heracles off to complete his next quest, which was to destroy the Lernaean hydra.

The Nemean lion's coat was impervious to the elements and all but the most powerful weapons. Others say that Heracles' armour was, in fact, the hide of the lion of Cithaeron.
ecoli
vrbs1s.jpg
City Commemorative, RIC VII 187 Thessalonica, AE 324 viewsObverse:VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma wearing imperial cloak. Plume on front of helmet.
Reverse:She-wolf standing left, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus, O on wolf's shoulder, 2 stars above.
Mintmark SMTS epsilon, 16.1 mm., 2.5 g.
Ref: RIC VII Thessalonica 187

Notes: This variation with O on wolf's shoulder
NORMAN K
cc249.jpg
City Commemorative, RIC VII 249 Siscia17 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA: helmeted bust of Roma wearing imperial cloak, plume on front of helmet.
Reverse: no legend. She wolf standing left suckling the twins Romulus and Remus. 2 stars above.
Mintmark SIS Siscia, 18.55 mm., 2.0 g.
Ref: RIC VII 249
NORMAN K
Claudius_II_Alexandria_eagle.jpg
Claudius II - Alexandria6 viewsBI Tetradrachm
29 Aug 270 - 28 Aug 271 AD
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind
AVT K KΛAV_ΔIOC CEB
eagle standing right, wreath in beak, palm under wing
L_Γ
Dattari 5413; Milne 4291; Geissen 3047; Curtis 1687; BMC Alexandria p. 303, 2336
11,2g
ex Petr Schimandl
Johny SYSEL
dcl.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, 268-270 CE.20 viewsBronze Antoninianus, Minister 478
Obverse: DIVO CLAUVDIO, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO, garlanded altar with flames above, no decoration on front. 16.7 mm., 1.8 g.
Note: Although a variation of this coin is in the RIC and Cohen, these sources generally refer to the type with a front divided into four sections (RIC 261). This type of garlanded altar, lit altar was not described and published until the discovery of the Minister Hoard, discovered after RIC was written.
NORMAN K
claud41a.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, RIC 41 Rome25 viewsBronze Antoninianus, Claudius II Gothis
Obverse: IMP CLAUVDIO AVG , radiate head right.
Reverse: FORTVNA, Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia. Z in right field.
RIC 41, Rome. 20.5 mm., 3.1 g.
NORMAN K
2228b.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, Rome20 viewsBronze Antoninianus, Rome
Obverse: IMP CLAUVDIO AVG, radiate head right.
Reverse: SECVRIT AVG, Securitas standing left, leaning on column, holding baton. XI in right field.
Cunetio hoard 2228, Appleshaw hoard 260. 16.9 mm., 2.1 g.
NORMAN K
P1019337.JPG
Claudius II Gothicus. 268-270 AD. AE18mm16 views Claudius II Gothicus. 268-270 AD.
Obv. IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. PA-X A-VG, Pax advancing left, holding transverse scepter in left hand and olive branch in right hand;
T in ex. Mediolanum (Milan) mint.
Ref. RIC 157
Ex Forvms Never-Ending Cleaning Competition.
Lee S
Clodius_Albinus_2_RIC_11.jpg
Clodius Albinus Denarius RIC 11, RSC 61, BMC 43 80 viewsD CL SEPT ALBIN CAES, bare head right / ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated left on shield, holding palladium & spear.
Maximum Diameter: 17.7 mm
Weight: 3.20 g
3 commentsTheEmpireNeverEnded
constans141.jpg
Constans, RIC VIII 141 Heraclea20 viewsConstans, AE 3, 333-336 CE.
Obverse: FLI CONSTANS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers facing each other holding spears and shields with two standards between them.
SMHE in ex. Heraclea mint, 17.7mm, 2.4 g.
NORMAN K
lfc.jpg
Constans, RIC VIII 27 Heraclea26 viewsRare left facing Constans as Augustus
Obverse: CONSTANS PF AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped & cuirassed bust left.
Reverse: GLORIA EXER CITVS, two soldiers standing facing each other and holding a spear in one hand and resting the other hand on shield withone standard between them.
SMHE in ex. Heraclea mint. 16.15 mm., 2.2 g.
NORMAN K
conmarti.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VII 124 Ticinum17 viewsObverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: MARTI CONSERVATORI, Mars in military dress standing right with spear in hand with point on ground and his left hand on shield set on the ground, cloak across right shoulder. .
19. mm., 2.5 g. Mintmark: S dot T Ticinum mint.
NORMAN K
vbc.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VII 90 Heraclea45 viewsRIC VII 90 Constantine I AE3. 326-327 C.E.
Obverse - CONSTANTINVS AVG. diademed head right, ladder shaped diadem with two dots between segments.
Reverse - DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG around VOT dot XXX in wreath, dot SMHA in ex. Heraclea mint
17 mm diam., 3.6 g.
NORMAN K
coniivotj.jpg
Constantine II, RIC VII, 128 Thessalonica16 views
Constantine II, AE3, 324, Thessalonica, Officina 2
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
Reverse: CAESARVM NOSTRORVM , Legend surrounding laurel wreath terminating in large jewel enclosing VOT / . / X
TSBVI in exergue Thessalonica
NORMAN K
101.jpg
County of Tripoli, Raymond III (1152-87), Æ Pougeoise, (c.1173-1187)155 views County of Tripoli, Raymond III (1152-87), Æ Pougeoise, (c.1173-1187), Tripoli mint +CIVITAS, towered gateway, rev., +TRIPOLIS, St. Andrew's cross pommettée, circle in centre, crescent in each quarter, (CCS 13)Vladislavs D
32264q00~0.jpg
County of Tripoli, Raymond III, 1152 - 1187 Bronze pougeoise46 views County of Tripoli, Raymond III, 1152 - 1187 Bronze pougeoise
O : + CIVITAS fortified gateway, five rows of masonry, five crenellations, large divided door
R : + TRIPOLIS, St. Andrew's cross pommetée, circle in center, crescent and pellet in each quarter
CCS 13
Ex FORUM ; Ex Malloy
Vladislavs D
combine_images~4.jpg
Demetrios II Nikator, Second reign, 129-125 BC. Silver tetradrachm. Tyre.41 viewsObv: Diademed head of king right.
Rev: Eagle standing on prow left, with palm branch, club surmounted by monogram and monogram in inner left field, two monograms in inner right field, monogram between legs.
References: SC 2195.5b. Newell 179. Hoover 1122.
28 mm, 13,23 g.
1 commentsCanaan
diocletian13.jpg
Diocletian RIC 13b, Heraclea, 300-301 CE.23 viewsDiocletian AE 20 post reform radiate
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONCORDIA MILI-TVM, Diocletian standing right in military dress, holding parazonium, receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter who is leaning on sceptre. HB in lower center.
23.2 mm., 4.0 g
NORMAN K
diocletian21.jpg
Diocletian RIC 21a, Thessalonica, 300-301 CE.22 viewsDiocletian AE Follis
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: GENIO POPV LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys opver left shoulder, holding patera from which liquid flows and cornucopia.
Mintmark dot TSB dot Thessalonica, 29 mm., 6.9 g.
NORMAN K
Cnut_Lot_1402_LCG.jpg
ENGLAND. King Cnut AR penny31 viewsENGLAND. CANTERBURY, Royal mint, Cnut (1016-35), Silver Penny, 0.91g, 17.52 mm, Short Cross type moneyer Wulfwig.
Obv: Diademed bust left with lis sceptre, +CNVT - RECX:
Rev: Short voided cross, central annulet enclosing pellet, +PVLFPIGONCANT
Good Very Fine, slightly creased and pecked
North 790
London Coin Galleries, Auction 4 - Part 2 Lot 1402 June 1, 2017
1 commentsorfew
gm16b.jpg
Galerius Maximian RIC 16b, Heraclea9 viewsGalerius, AE radiate fraction, Heraclea, 295-296 CE.
Obverse: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Reverse: CONCORDIA MIL ITVM, Emperor, standing right, receiving victory on globe from Jupiter who is standing left, holding scepter. H gamma in lower center
Heracles mint 21 mm., 2.3 g.
NORMAN K
Postumus_RIC_Lyons_67.jpg
Gallic 1 Postumus21 viewsPOSTUMUS
AR Antoninianus, Lyons Mint
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, RDC bust r. / HERC PACIFERO, Hercules st. l., holding olive branch, club and lion's skin
RIC V-II Lyons 67; Sear 10946
Sosius
Gordian_Deultum_2.jpg
Gordian III - Deultum22 viewsAE Tetrasarion?
238-244 AD
laureate and draped bust right from behind
IMP GORDIAN_VS PIVS FEL (AV)G
Heracles? in tetrastyle temple facing, holding lion skin and club
COL F_L P_AC__DEV / LT
SNG Bulgaria 1338, Jurukova 264
7,1g
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Gordian-III-RIC-177-87.jpg
Gordian III / RIC 177 over 187, 1'st series.31 viewsAntoninianus, 238-239 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG / Radiate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: AEQVIT LIBER / Body and feet of Aequitas holding scales; Body and feet of Libertas holding pileus (Liberty cap) .
5.00 gm, 22 mm.
RIC #177 over #187.

This coin has two different reverses: the Aequitas type (RIC #177) is overstruck at 180 degree rotation on top of the Libertas type (RIC #187). Or, perhaps it is the other way around: The Libertas type (RIC #187) is overstruck on top of the Aequitas type (RIC #177).

The T of AEQVITAS AVG is almost flattened out and is just barely visible. At Antioch, Libertas with the pileus always has the legend LIBERALITAS AVG rather than LIBERTAS AVG.

There is a footnote to RIC #231 (vol. IV, part III, p. 39) which is quite intriguing:

"231. A strange Antoninianus (G. B. Pears Coll.) shows rev. type of AEQVIT[AS] apparently overstruck with type of LIBER[TAS] -- obv. of Gordian III, rev. of Philip overstruck with rev. of Trebonianus Gallus (?)."

I posted this coin on Forvmancientcoins.com and got this reply from Curtis Clay:

"A neat example of this error, and one I hadn't been aware of before, despite its mention in the RIC footnote!
As you expected, you now own the coin formerly in the Pears collection: we know because there is a plaster cast of it so labeled in the BM, which is illustrated in Roger Bland's dissertation, pl. 10, 18/21 !
One of the reverse types is Libertas with cap, but its legend must have been LIBERALITAS not LIBERTAS AVG: the Eastern mint always mislabeled its Libertas type as Liberalitas. RIC made the same mistake regarding the reverse legend; corrected by Bland, who lists the coin under the type LIBERALITAS AVG.
I had never heard of G. B. Pears or his collection before, so can supply no information in that regard."
Callimachus
Greece.jpg
Greece29 viewsGreece - Central, Peloponnesos, Crete & The Cyclades.
Thessaly, Akarnania, Boeotia, Euboia, Attica, Corinthia, Sikyonia, Peloponnesos, Argolis, Phokaia, Arkadia, Lokris.
2 commentsChristian T
Dyrrhachion_Dracma.jpg
ILIRIA - DIRRAQUIO/EPIDAMNOS20 viewsAR dracma 18X16 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: "MENIΣ [KOΣ ]" (Nombre de la Autoridad Monetaria que la acuña), sobre una Vaca a der. mirando a su ternero que se amanta a izq.
Rev: "AYP / ΔIO / [NY] / [ΣIOY]" – Doble Forma estrellada, dividida por dos líneas y rodeada por una doble línea formando un contorno cuadrado.
Los diseños del reverso de Korkyra así como de sus colonias, Apollonia (Apolonia) y Dyrrhachion (Dirraquio), han sido objeto de mucha especulación numismática. Eckhel (Doctrina numorum veterum [Vienna, 1792/3], II:155) aceptó la opinión de Laurentius Beger (Observationes Et Conjecturae In Numismata Quaedam Antiqua [Brandenburg, 1691]), que argumentó que el diseño del reverso representa el jardín de Alkinoos, el mítico rey de Phaiakia, descrito en detalle por el poeta Homero (Od. 7.112-133). Basado en el supuesto de que mítica Phaiakia era la isla de la antigua Korkyra (mod. Corfú), y sabiendo que Korkyrans colonizaron tanto Apollonia y Dyrrhachion, Beger (ya través de él, Eckhel) concluyeron que los elementos centrales eran flores y que el diseño general debe representar tanto el diseño del jardín, o las puertas que conducen a ella. Más tarde, la mayoría de los numismáticos, como Böckh, Müller, Friedlander, y von Sallet, argumentaron que los elementos centrales del diseño eran más como la estrella, mientras que Gardner favoreciendo una interpretación floral, aunque sea como una referencia a Apolo Aristaios o Nomios, no el jardín de ALKINOOS. Más recientemente, Nicolet-Pierre volvió a examinar la cuestión del diseño del reverso en su artículo sobre la moneda arcaica de Korkyra ("À props du monnayage archaïque de Corcyre," SNR 88 [2009], pp. 2-3) y ofreció una nueva interpretación. Tomando nota de un pasaje de Tucídides (3.70.4) en la que ese autor citó la existencia en la isla de un recinto sagrado (temenos) dedicado a Zeus y ALKINOOS, sugirió que el diseño del reverso podría haber sido inspirada por esto, y no en el jardín de ALKINOOS que detalla Homero.

Acuñación: 200 - 30 A.C.
Ceca: Dyrrhachion - Illyria (Hoy Durré en Albania)

Referencias: Sear GCTV Vol.I #1900 var Pag.187 – BMC Vol.7 #62-64 Pag.69 – SNG Copenhagen #467 - Maier #201 - Ceka #320
mdelvalle
DSC01795.JPG
INDIA-Panchala-Kingdom-HALF-Karshapana-INDIRAMITRA-RARE-COIN-4-42gm 15 viewsObverse Lord Indra standing on a pedestal
Reverse Three Panchala symbols in a row, with name below in Brahmi script: Indramitrasa
Date c. 1st century BCE - 1st century CE (highly uncertain)
Weight 4.78 gm.
Diameter 16 mm.
Die axis 5 o'clock
Reference MAC 4539, Shrimali Type A
Comments The Panchala series is one of the most interesting of the ancient India coin series, because it is quite long and the kings are named on them. Unfortunately, we know very little about the chronology. The order of kings is not known and even the dates of the series are still debated. It appears the series belongs in the post-Mauryan period, but further details are still unavailable.

You can see a catalog of Panchala coins on the CoinIndia website.
Antonivs Protti
DSC01834.JPG
INDIA-Panchala-Kingdom-HALF-Karshapana-INDIRAMITRA-RARE-COIN-4-6gm 13 viewsObverse Lord Indra standing on a pedestal
Reverse Three Panchala symbols in a row, with name below in Brahmi script: Indramitrasa
Date c. 1st century BCE - 1st century CE (highly uncertain)
Weight 4.78 gm.
Diameter 16 mm.
Die axis 5 o'clock
Reference MAC 4539, Shrimali Type A
Comments The Panchala series is one of the most interesting of the ancient India coin series, because it is quite long and the kings are named on them. Unfortunately, we know very little about the chronology. The order of kings is not known and even the dates of the series are still debated. It appears the series belongs in the post-Mauryan period, but further details are still unavailable.

You can see a catalog of Panchala coins on the CoinIndia website.
Antonivs Protti
tgtb.jpg
JULIAN II, RIC VIII 108 Sirmium 22 viewsJulian II, 361-363 CE. Æ 20.5 mm., 3.3 g. Sirmium mint.
Obverse: DN FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust right, holding spear forward and shield.
Reverse: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines across field within wreath; ASIRM.; LRBC 1619. hard green patina
NORMAN K
julian210.jpg
Julian II, RIC VIII 210 Thessalonica25 viewsJulian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Bronze AE 2
Obverse: DN FL CL IVLIANVS PF AVG, pearl diademed and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
Reverse: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines within wreath.
SMTS in ex. Thessalonica mint, 20.6 mm, 3.0 g.
NORMAN K
julian315.jpg
Julian II, RIC VIII 315 Rome22 viewsJulian II, AE, Rome.
Obverse: DN CL IVL IVLIANVS NC, bare-headed, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left, one kneeraised, spearing a fallen horseman who is looking left,reaching backwards, wearing Phrygian helmet.
Mintmark R dot M dot S. 16mm, 2.4 g.
NORMAN K
iersab.jpg
Kingdom of JERUSALEM. Struck during the siege of Jerusalem by Sibylla, Queen of Jerusalem and Balian of Ibelin in 1187 . Bi Denier .121 viewsKingdom of Jerusalem . Struck during the siege of Jerusalem by Sibylla, Queen of Jerusalem and Balian of Ibelin in 1187 . Bi Denier .
+ TVRRIS DAVIT (legend retrograde), Tower of David
+ SЄPVLChRVM DOMINI, view of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher
Slocum 288; cf. C.J. Sabine, “Numismatic iconography of the Tower of David and the Holy Sepulchre,” NC 1979, pl. 17, 3; N. du Quesne Bird, “Two deniers from Jerusalem, Jordan,” NumCirc LXXIII.5 (May 1965), p. 109; Metcalf, Crusades, p. 77; CCS 51.
Very Rare . Thirteen known example .
The Ernoul chronicle refers to Balian of Ibelin and the patriarch Heraclius of Jerusalem stripped the silver and gold edicule from the Church of the Holy Sepulcher for striking coins to pay those defending the city at it's last stand .
2 commentsVladislav D
alexanderIIIobol2.jpg
Kingdom of Macedon, Alexander the Great, 336-323 BC, AR obol.19 viewsKingdom of Macedon, Alexander the Great, 336-323 BC, AR obol.
Struck c. 336-323 BC, Head of Hecrules right, wearing
lion skin, knotted at base of neck. / Zeus, nude to waist, seated
left on ornate throne, holding eagle and scepter within dotted circle.
CANTANATRIX
Cloacina.jpg
L. Mussidius Longus7 viewsMoneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome L. Mussidius Longus, 42 BCE AR denarius, Rome mint.Ancient Aussie
lu2l.jpg
Lucilla RIC 1756, 164-169 CE.44 viewsLucilla, wife of Lucius Verus
Obverse - LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG FB, draped bust right.
Reverse – PIETAS, Pietas standing left, right hand over lighted altar and holding box of incense in left. SC in field
30 mm diam. 19.8g. RIC 1756
Reverse clearly shows an inverse portrait caused by a clashed die
sold 1-2018
1 commentsNORMAN K
_Macedon_c.jpg
Macedon3 viewsCoins of the ancient Greek cities and Kings of Macedon, and some celtic imitations thereof. Includes the Hellenistic kings of Macedon and Roman successors. Principal mints: Akanthos, Amphipolis and Pella. 1 commentsAnaximander
greek3.jpg
Macedonia, Alexander III, Ar drachm29 viewsPrice 1382 / 310-301 BC
obv: Head of young Heraclea r. wearing lion-skin headdress
rev: ALEXANDROU Zues enthrond l. holding eagle and scepter forpart of
Pegasus l. monogram NO below throne
hill132
ISL_MAMLUKS_Balog_910_Tumanbay_II.jpg
Mamluks (Bahri). `Ali II (al-Mansur `Ala al-Din Ali) (778-783 A.H. = 1377-1381 A.D.)10 viewsBalog 509 Plate XX 509a-b; SNAT Hamah 632-634; Album 963

AE fals, Hamah mint, undated; 1.63 g., 18.50 mm. max.

Obv.: Field divided by two horizontal lines of dots. الملك المنصور (al-Malik al-Manusr) / tentatively ضرب طرابلس (duriba Tripoli per Balog but Hamah mint per SNAT)

Rev. Six-petaled flower, resembling a lotus, petals forming a counter-clockwise whorl.

Ali was the son of Sha'ban II and the great-grandson of Muhammad I. He was installed as sultan at age nine upon the death of his father in a revolt. He died four years later.

Attribution courtesy of Mervin.
Stkp
sb1964_clipped_18mm_165gjpg.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196416 viewsObverse: The Virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphrium, she holds nimbate head of the infant Christ facing; to l. MP to r. Theta V.
Reverse: MANUHA AECIIOTHC or similar, Manuel stg. facing wearing crown, divitision and chlamys and holding labarum (one dots= on shaft) and globus surmounted by patriarchal cross.
Mint: Constantinople Third metropolitan coinage Variation B
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1964 DO 15.5-10
18mm 1.65 gm
wileyc
sear1966clipped.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196665 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.


During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Antvwala
wileyc
ZomboDroid_16092019093042.jpg
Maximinus II, as Caesar, 305-309. AE Follis. 27mm // 7,36g. Heraclea, 305-306.3 viewsObv.GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES Laureate head of Maximinus II to right.

Rev. GENIO CAESARIS/ HTD Genius, nude but for chlamys over his left shoulder, standing front, head to left, holding patera, from which liquor flows, in his right hand and a cornucopiae with his left
Canaan
sb1874_20mm175g.jpg
Michael VII, Ducus Miliaresion12 viewsObverse: EN TOVTW NIKATE MIXAHL S MARIA, cross crosslet on globus resting on
three steps, x at center of cross, pellet within crescent on shaft;
in field to left, facing bust of Michael, bearded, wearing crown and
jeweled chlamys; to right, facing bust of Maria, wearing crown and
loros; triple border
Reverse: MIXAHL KAI MARIA PICTOI RACILEIC PWMAIWN in
five lines; -+- above and below; triple border.
Mint:Constantinople
Date: 1071-1078 CE
SB 1874, DO 6
20mm, 1.75g (clipped)
wileyc
DSCF1860.JPG
Neapolis, Campania, Italy, c. 270 - 240 B.C. AE 16-20mm17 views Neapolis, Campania, Italy, c. 270 - 240 B.C.
Obv. Apollo left
Rev. Victory crowning Man Faced Bull right.

( One of my favorite coins I have cleaned myself!! )
Lee S
3420493.jpg
P. Clodius M.f. Turrinus32 viewsMoneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. P. Clodius M.f. Turrinus. 42 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.89 g, 1h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Apollo right; lyre behind / Diana Lucifera standing right, bow and quiver on her shoulder, holding torch in each hand. Crawford 494/23; CRI 184; Sydenham 1117; Claudia 15. Good VF, toned, a few minor scratches beneath the toning.

From the RAJ Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 914993 (2012 NYINC); Sincona 4 (25 October 2011), lots 4160 or 4161 (part of), includes ticket from a French Collectio
1 commentsecoli
rjb_palmyra2_08_06.jpg
Palmyra21 viewsAE 11 mm
Radiate head right (Baal?)
Radiate head left (Malakbel?)
Krzyzanowska Le monnayage de Palmyre Class XII
mauseus
OMKARA.jpg
Paramaras of Malwa, c. 1150 - 1300 CE (Omkara)16 viewsSilver drachm of the Paramaras of Malwa, c. 1150 - 1300 CE (12MM / 4.32 gr)
Mint- Omkara Mandhata Monastery, Malwa;
Obverse: Degenerated Indo-Sasanian style bust, Brahmi letter "ja" in left field, circle in front of bust .
Reverse: Crude fire altar with legend Sri Omkara on shaft.
MNI 436-440
Paul R3
IMG_2204_-_____.JPG
Phoenicia, Akko-Ptolemais Valerian I. 253-260 AD. AE 2663 viewsValerian I. 253-260 AD. AE 26 . Phoenicia, Akko-Ptolemais.
Obv: IMP C P L - [VALERIANVS] AVG Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
Rx: COL - P - T - OL Sacred tree between serpents rising from two altars or baskets; to right, winged caduceus. Rare: this type missing in BM, Lindgren, Berk photofile, and Wildwinds. CoinArchives includes a specimen from the same reverse die, but with radiate portrait on obverse: Heritage 357, Long Beach, 9 September 2004, lot 12092. Cohen 374 (de Saulcy Collection). Adjustment marks on obverse.
1 commentsMaritima
phraatesIV.jpg
Phraates IV (38 -2 BC) AR Tetradrachm 286 SE /26 BC48 viewsObv: Phraates diademed and cuirassed bust left with long pointed beard - no royal wart on forehead.
Rev: The king enthroned r. being presented with a palm branch by Tyche, standing l. before him holding cornucopiae with pellet above arm. Seleucid date 286 (C Pi Sigma) above palm. Greek inscription in 7 lines BASILEOS/BASILEON; on r. ARSAKOY/EUERGETOY' below [DIKAOY]; on l. EPIPHANOUS/PHILELLANOS; month off flan below
Wt 14.1 gm, 26.3 mm, Sellwood type 55

The coin could be that of Tiridates I who also ruled for a few months in 26 BC. The features of the king on this coin are much closer to that of Phraates than of much rarer Tiridates I according to a reclassification of Sellwood types by deCallatay and this is the most believable. The lower lines of the inscription would also settle the issue but are lost on this coin.
Early coins of the Parthian empire showed strong Greek empahasis on classical Greek forms and humanism which is gradually lost as the empire matured and finally decayed. The coins become schematic and emphasize suface ornament rather than sculptural quality. One senses from the portrait of Phraates that brutality was a prerequisite for Parthian kings who routinely bumped off fathers and brothers in their rise to power. Like the Spartans, they had a powerful empire in their time but its contribution to civilization was limited in the long term.
1 commentsdaverino
Ptolmaic_Egypt_.jpg
Ptolemaic Kingdom7 viewsHellenistic coinage of the Ptolemies, after Alexander the Great. Principal mints include Alexandria in Egypt, Paphos and Sidon in Cyprus, and Sidon and Tyre in Phoenicia. 1 commentsAnaximander
ptolemyxiiTD.jpg
Ptolemy XII Auletes AR Tetradrachm, 72 BC70 viewsOBV: Diademed head right in aegis
REV: Eagle standing left on Thunderbolt; PTOLEMAIOY BASILEWS, [Pi A] in right field; Dated L.Theta (Year 9)

This coin was minted in the ninth year of Ptolemy XII Auletes. Svoronos originally ascribed this coin type to year 9 of Cleopatra VII (43 BC) but was reattributed by Regling to her father. This re-attribution is generally accepted. The coin is of relatively low-grade silver (ca 30%) and flat-struck on the obverse.
Svoronos 1856, Ref. Svoronos on-line
wt 13.8 gm
1 commentsdaverino
Dolphindidrachm.jpg
Punic occupation half shekel73 viewsNude youth on horseback to left, crowning horse with wreath; IΩ to right, ΣΩΓENHΣ below

Taras astride dolphin to left, holding cornucopiae and Nike who crowns him with wreath; TAPAΣ below.

Calabria, Tarentum ; Punic occupation, circa 212-209 BC

AR Reduced didrachm or Half-Shekel.

2.69g chipped otherwise VF+

Vlasto 975-7; HN Italy 1079.

Ex-ANE

Rare!

The climax of the Carthaginian invasion of Italy was reached when Tarentum changed sides in 212 BC. The takeover of the city was a carefully planned coup by Hannibal and members of the city's democratic faction who opened the gates to Hannibal's army. The Carthaginians failed to take the citadel, but subsequent fortifications around this enemy stronghold enabled the city to remain under Punic control. Hannibal installed his own magistrates and struck coinage based on the Punic half shekel standard.
8 commentsJay GT4
Clipboard~60.jpg
radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right18 viewsTetricus I, Antoninianus.

IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
COMES AVG, Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm.
lorry66
Vespasian_Eagle.jpg
RIC 0847 Vespasian denarius111 viewsIMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG
Laureate head right

COS VII
Eagle standding front on garlanded base, thunderbolt in claws, wings open, head left

Rome, 76 AD

3.5g

RIC 847 (C2)

Ex-RM collection, Ex-Calgary Coin
6 commentsJay GT4
RIC_0152.jpg
RIC 15249 viewsObverse: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG
radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PROVIDE AVG
Providentia standing left holding globe & scepter

Exergue: Q

Officina: 5th

Very Rare - 2 in La Venera Hoard
1 commentsrick fox
Pupeinus ric 10a.jpg
RIC-10(a) Pupienus Clasped Hands828 viewsIMP CAES M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
CARITAS MVTVA AVGG - (Mutual Clarity of the Emperors), clasped hands

This is the scarcer variant of RIC 10. Superb portrait. David Sear ANCCS certified.
From Forum ancient Coins
12 commentsjimwho523
greek8.jpg
Sardes,Lydia Ae 1510 viewsBMC Lydia p.248,85 / 117-192AD
obv: dia.drp.bust of Zeus Lydios r.
obv: young Herakles std. front head l. resting r.
on club. lion skin on l. arm
hill132
Sicily_Gallery_h.jpg
Sicily20 viewsGreek colonies dotted the island of Sicily from about the mid-8th C. BC onward, sometimes conflicting with the native tribes (Sikels to the east, Sikanians in central Sicily, and Elymians to the west) and several Phoenician colonies. The largest issuance of coinage by the city-states often came amidst conflict among themselves and later arrivals, the Carthaginians and Romans. While Greek coin types and denominations predominated, the local litra and its fractions of onkiai survived down to the Roman conquest in 212 BC, when local striking withered. Major mints include Akragas, Gela, Himera, Kamarina, Katane, Leontini, Messene, Naxos, Segesta, Selinos, Syracuse, and the siculo-punic mints of Entella and Lilybaion.
2 commentsAnaximander
BOTH_THASOS.jpg
SOLD Thasos Dionysus Imitative Tetradrachm after 148 BC SOLD13 viewsSOLD Obverse - Dionysus with flowers in his hair and head band.
32.15mm 16.67gm
Reverse- Herekles naked with chlamys cloak & club
M in left field
HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN,
SOLD

cicerokid
TOC.gif
Table of Contents15 viewsTable of Contents (TOC) prepared for key numismatic reference works. TOC available for sharing thus far include:
SNG ANS, SNG Berry, SNG Copenhagen, and several volumes in the ANS series Ancient Coins in North American Collections (ACNAC).
Anaximander
q1q.jpg
Tacitus Bronze Antoninianus RIC V 9324 viewsTacitus Antoninianus 275-276 CE.
Obverse: IMP CM CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: SALVA AVG, Salus with patera and scepter standing before altar with snake.
XXI delta in ex. Rome mint, 22.3 mm., 3.6 g.
sold 4-2018
NORMAN K
Thrace+Skythia.jpg
Thrace & Skythia16 viewsThrace & Skythia, including Dacia, Moesia, & Paeonia.
Thracian mints: Abdera, Apollonia Pontika, Byzantion, Cherronesos, Koson, Maroneia, Mesembria, Neapolis, Potidaia, Sparadakos, Terone, & Thasos.
1 commentsChristian T
timur_lot_851.jpg
Timur AR Tanka18 viewsISLAMIC, Persia (Post-Mongol). Timurids. Timur (Tamerlane). AH 771-807 / AD 1370-1405. AR Tanka (28mm, 5.81 g, 10h). Citing Chagatai khan Mahmud. Bidlis mint. Undated, circa AH 795-807 / AD 1393-1405. Central Kufic legend: la ilah illa Allah, | Muhammad | [rasuluallah] (There is no deity except God, | Muhammad | [is the messenger of God]); between the lines, Naskh legend: dariba | Bidlis (struck [at] | Bidlis); marginal Naskh legend, counterclockwise from top: Abu Bakr | ['Umar] | ['Uthman] | 'Ali / Naskh legend: al-sultan | Mahmud Khan, | amir (three annulets) Timur | Kurkan khallada | Allah mulkahu (Sultan | Mahmud Khan | amir (three annulets) Timur | Kurkan may God perpetuate his reign). SICA 9, –; Album 2386; Zeno 40460 (this coin). VF, toned, flat strike. Very rare.
From the BRN Collection.
For the beginning of date of this issue at Bidlis, see Diler, Mints, p. 256, n. 4343.
EX: CNG 409, Lot: 851 November 8, 2107.
orfew
philadelphiaClaudius.jpg
#Lydia, Philadelphia. Claudius AE1824 viewsObv: T KLAYDIOS GERMANIKOS KAISAR. Laureate bust r.
Rev: P'ILADELP'EWN NEOKAISAREWN C'ONDROS. Four grain-ears bundled together.
ancientone
GermePseudo.JPG
#Mysia, Germe, Conventus of Cyzicus. Pseudo-autonomous AE20 33 viewsBetween 138 and 192 AD.
Obverse: ΙΕΡΑ Σ ΥΝΚΗ[ΤΟΣ], draped bust of the Senate (youthful), r.
Reverse: [ΓΕΡ]Μ ΗΝΩΝ, Nude Heracles standing, facing, head, l., resting arm on club, holding lion-skin
BMC 16 S80,6(1); Lindgren III, Addendum A 726A
ancientone
092n.jpg
Δ and NIKO296 viewsMOESIA INFERIOR. Nikopolis ad Istrum. Septimius Severus. Æ 27. A.D. 193-211. Obv: (VK)ΛCEΠ•-CEVHPOC (...) or similar. Laureate bust right; countermark (1) on shoulder. Rev: VΠAVP•ΓAΛΛOV•NIKOΠOΛITΠPOCIC. River-god reclining left, leaning against urn (?), holding branch in right hand; Countermark (2) to left. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 60°. Weight: 11.68 g. CM(1): Δ, incuse punch, 7 x 6 mm. Howgego 782 (3 pcs). CM(2): NIKO, incuse, 14 x 5 mm. Howgego 553 (3 pcs, 2 of which on reverse). Note: All coins that have the Δ c/m apparently also bear the NIKO c/m and vice-versa, so they must have been applied at the same time. Collection Automan.Automan
005n.jpg
Δ and Six-pointed star284 viewsCILICIA. Ninica-Claudiopolis. Maximinus I. Æ 28. A.D. 235-238. Obv: IMPCSIVLVERMAXIMINVS. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks: (1) before face, (2) on bust. Rev: NIN-C-CLAV. Colonist ploughing behind two oxen, in background vexillum. Ref: BMC 8. Axis: 360°. Weight: 9.86 g. CM (1): Δ containing dot, all within circle; circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 669 (49 pcs). Not likely to be a denominational countermark. CM (2): Six-pointed star, incuse, 6 mm from point to point. Howgego 451 (45 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
170.jpg
Δ containing dot203 viewsCILICIA. Ninica-Claudiopolis. Maximinus I. Æ 23. A.D. 235-238. Obv: (IMP)MAXIMINVΓPI. Laureate head right; Countermark on neck. Rev: NI-NI-CL-Ω-ΩΔ. Two vexilla. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 180°. Weight: 6.92 g.CM: Δ containing dot, all within circle; circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 669 (49 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
107.jpg
Δ in circular punch212 viewsMACEDON (?). Thessalonica (?). Augustus. Æ 22. 27 B.C.- A.D. 14. Obv: KAIΣAP-(ΣEBAΣTOΣ) or similar. Laureate head right; countermark before chin. Rev: Inscription obliterated. City ethnic in wreath. Weight: 9.25 g. CM: Δ in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 706 (1 pc). Note: Howgego lists only one (!) coin of the period, where the countermark may be a Δ. That coin was struck for Octavian in Thessalonica, dated to 28/27 B.C. It is listed as "not verified" and the countermark described as A or Δ. In regard to [107], the countermark is very clearly Δ! Collection Automan.Automan
168.jpg
Δ, 6-pointed star and Nike184 viewsCILICIA. Ninica-Claudiopolis. Maximinus I. Æ 28. A.D. 235-238. Obv: (...MA)XIMINVΓP(A)UTΛ or similar. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 4 countermarks: (1) before face, (2) on shoulder; (3) before chest, (4) behind neck. Rev: (C)-OLN-(I)NI-CLAUΔ. Colonist ploughing behind two oxen, in background vexillum, star before colonist. Ref: BMC 8 (var. obv. leg.). Axis: 210°. Weight: 10.70 g. CM(1): Six-pointed star, incuse, 6 mm from point to point. Howgego 451 (45 pcs). CM(2): Δ containing dot, all within circle; circular punch, 6 mm. . Howgego 669 (49 pcs). Note: Not likely to be a denominational countermark. CM(3-4): Nike right, in oval punch, c. 5 x 8 mm (not certain!). Howgego 262 (34 pcs). Note:The sequence of application appears to have been (1) Δ in circle (669), (2) six-pointed star (451), and (3) Nike (262). Collection Automan.Automan
013n~0.jpg
Δ, six-pointed star, eagle and Nike (6 cmks!)198 viewsCILICIA. Ninica-Claudiopolis. Maximinus I. Æ 27. A.D. 235-238. Obv: OIMPCSIVLVERMAXIMINVS. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 6 countermarks: (1) to right, before bust, (2) on lower part of bust, (3) on neck, (4) behind and on back of head, (5) on upper part of head, (6) before head. Rev: NINIC-OL-CLA-UΔI, OPOLI in ex. Tetrastyle temple containing emperor, standing left, holding patera and spear. Ref: BMC 10; Sear GIC 3548 (same dies). Axis: 360°. Weight: 9.12 g. CM(1): Δ containing dot, all within circle; circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 669 (49 pcs). Note: Not likely to be a denominational countermark. CM(2): Six-pointed star, incuse, 6 mm from point to point. Howgego 451 (45 pcs). CM(3): Eagle standing right with head left, in shaped punch, c. 4 x 7 mm. Howgego 338 (11 pcs). CM(4): Nike right, in oval punch, c. 5 x 8 mm. Howgego 262 (34 pcs). CM(5): Similar to CM(4). CM(6): Similar to CM(4). Note: The sequence of application appears to have been 669-451-262-338. Automan
2016-11-23.jpg
 Diocletian CONCORDIA MILITVM.14 views20 mm 2.59 grams

Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.
CONCORDIA MILITVM.
Niclas E
00040x00.jpg
63 viewsROME. Claudius. AD 41-53.
Æ As (28mm, 11.64 g, 6 h). Official issue.
Iberian mint I, engraver A. Struck AD 41-circa 50.
Bare head left
Minerva advancing right, brandishing spear and holding round shield; S C flanking
RIC I -; Besombes & Barrandon pl. V, 2/3 (obv./rev.)
Ardatirion
00045x00.jpg
23 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (16mm, 3.97 g, 12 h)
CV
Two palm fronds
Casariego, Cores, & Pliego -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 287, lot 941 (part of)
Ardatirion
00047x00.jpg
19 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (17mm, 4.23 g)
C(VF) within pronounced beaded border
Dolphin(?)
Casariego, Cores, & Pliego -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 287, lot 941 (part of)
Ardatirion
00017x00~1.jpg
37 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (14mm, 2.62 g)
Fly, seen from above
Blank
Stannard, Evidence 26-7 = Stannard, Parallels 99-100; Minturnae 34-5

Found in Southern Spain

This type is found both in Baetica and in central Italy, at Minturnae, demonstrating the close economic ties between the two areas. Stannard notes numerous parallels in the lead tokens and unofficial bronze coinage in the two areas. He also sees a stylistic difference between issues of the two regions, but I have not personally seen enough specimens from both regions to say.
Ardatirion
00018x00~1.jpg
33 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (12mm, 1.14 g, 12 h)
Clasped hands
Star over altar?
Unpublished

Found in Southern Spain
Ardatirion
00046x00.jpg
20 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.12 g)
V•F
Blank
Casariego, Cores, & Pliego -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 287, lot 941 (part of)
Ardatirion
Augustus_tessera.jpg
126 viewsROME. Augustus. 27 BC-14 AD
Æ Tessera (21mm, 4.24 g)
Struck mid 1st century AD
Laureate head right, FEL below
V in dotted circle, all within wreath
Cf. Buttrey 5 (reverse numeral)
3 commentsArdatirion
image02453.jpg
30 viewsROME. Germanicus. Died AD 19.
Æ Tessera (21mm, 3.72 g, 2 h)
Cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; all within wreath
Large III; all within wreath
Buttrey 17/III

Ex Alberto Campana Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica 64, 17 May 2012), lot 2453
Ardatirion
Roman_AE_tessera~0.jpg
45 viewsROME
Æ Tessera (13mm, 0.72 g)
Crescent and stars series
Star
Three stars over crescent
Hristova & Jekov, Nikopolis -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 235, lot 494
Ardatirion
00034x00.jpg
30 viewsROME
PB (?) Tessera (24mm, 5.89 g, 2 h)
· FELICIA, counterclockwise around shield (perhaps a 3rd century oval scutum?)
Bundle of thunderbolts, S C flanking
Unpublished

The metal appears too light for lead and is perhaps pewter or some other alloy. Until the metal content is scientifically analyzed and found to be similar to other ancient objects, I remain unconvinced of it's authenticity.
Ardatirion
00001x00~11.jpg
25 viewsROME. Claudius, with Messalina. AD 41-54
PB Tessera (19mm, 2.16 g, 12h)
TI CLAUDIUS CAESAR
Bare head of Claudius left
MESSALINA
Draped bust of Messalina right
Rostovtsew –

Ex London Ancient Coins 60 (14 February 2017), lot 362
Ardatirion
00005x00~8.jpg
15 viewsROME. Hadrian , AD 117-138
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.02 g, 12h)
HAD/ AVG
PPF
Rostovtsew 66

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
DSC_0249.jpg
21 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.46 g, 12 h)
Anchor
HYP
Rostowzew -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 267, lot 685 (part of)
Ardatirion
00037x00~1.jpg
37 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.49 g, 12h)
Apollo standing facing, holding lyre
Clasped hands within wreath
Rostovtsev -; Scholz 382 (this coin)

Ex Trau Collection
1 commentsArdatirion
00003x00~8.jpg
10 viewsROME. "Domitian"
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.14 g)
Figure driving biga right, holding whip in raised hand
DOMI
Rostovtsew 734; Ruggiero 1325-8

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
tes2.jpg
32 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.42 g)
Draped (?) bust right, palm branch before
Star in crescent
Rostowzew -

Ex J.S. Wagner Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 250), lot 484 (part of)
Ardatirion
DSC_0245.jpg
18 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.54 g, 12 h)
Concordia seated left, holding patera and cornucopia
HEL
Rostowzew 1746, pl. VI, 65; BM 765

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 267, lot 685 (part of)
Ardatirion
00008x00~4.jpg
11 viewsROME
PB Tessera (14mm, 1.40 g, 12h)
Cornucipia, C H flanking
Aedicula (or lighted altar?); S S flanking
Rostovtsew –

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00035x00~0.jpg
22 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 2.99 g, 12h)
Palm frond and cornucopia
Clasped hands
Rostovtsev -; München 297; Scholz 1126 (this coin)

Ex Trau Collection
Ardatirion
DSC_6021.jpg
41 viewsROME. Musa.
PB Tessera (14mm, 1.99 g, 1 h)
Crossed cornucopia, caduceus, and trident
MVSA counterclockwise around small central pellet
Rostowzew -

Ex Emporium Hamburg 67 (10 May 2012), lot 743

The attributes of the two major commercial deities, the cornucopia of Fortuna and the caduceus of Mercury, combined here with the trident of Neptune, suggest that Musa may have been involved in shipping.
Ardatirion
00026x00~3.jpg
10 viewsROME
PB Tessera (14x20mm, 3.17 g, 3h)
Diana advancing right, drawing bow
Deer running right
Cf. Rostowzew 2113 (circular examples)

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00016x00~1.jpg
10 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 4.87 g, 12h)
Dolium rotundum
QFG
Rostowzew –

Ex RBW Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 376, 15 June 2016), lot 770 (part of); Artemide 5E (19 December 2010), lot 1163 (part of)

A dolium was an exceptionally large ceramic vessel for the storage and processing of foodstuffs.
Ardatirion
00022x00~2.jpg
11 viewsROME. Flaccus-Gallus.
PB Tessera (21mm, 3.17 g, 12h)
FLAC/CVS within wreath
GAL/LVS within wreath
Rostowzew 1417; München 241; Ruggerio 2132

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00021x00.jpg
25 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 4.09 g, 12 g)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Clasped hands
Rostowzew 2196; München 388-90; BM 567, 575
Ardatirion
00006x00~6.jpg
17 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 1.90 g, 6h)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia, within triangular frame
(HL)E
Rostovtsew –

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)

The token manufacturer accidentally combined a stock obverse intended for a triangular token with a custom reverse for a circular one.
Ardatirion
00019x00~1.jpg
11 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.77 g, 12h)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
LSS
Rostowzew –

Ex RBW Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 376, 15 June 2016), lot 770 (part of); Artemide 5E (19 December 2010), lot 1163 (part of)
Ardatirion
00018x00~3.jpg
10 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.10 g, 12h)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
M/VE
Rostowzew 2357 corr. (arrangement of rev. legend); BM 700

Ex RBW Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 376, 15 June 2016), lot 770 (part of); Artemide 5E (19 December 2010), lot 1163 (part of)
Ardatirion
00001x00~10.jpg
9 viewsROME. "Trajan"
PB Tessera (24mm, 6.12 g)
Two figures in galley left
TRA
Rostovtsew 63

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00043x00.jpg
30 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.35 g, 12 h)
Helmeted gladiator standing right, holding clipeus and gladius; CVR to left
Helmeted gladiator standing right, holding clipeus and gladius; M to left
Rostovtsev 528, pl. IV, 38; München 97; BM 175, 1040-6, 1050; Milan 81-2

Rostovtsev interprets the legend as curator muneris, possibly an individual related to the managing of the games, though a curator muneris pecuniae, a magistrate in charge of civic revenues, is recorded in some areas.
Ardatirion
00029x00~1.jpg
19 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.99 g, 12h)
G P R F in circle within wreath
Palm frond
Rostovtsev -; Scholz 1858 (this coin)

Ex Trau Collection
Ardatirion
00002x00~6.jpg
20 viewsROME. P. Glitius Gallus
PB Tessera (20mm, 2.89 g, 12h)
P GLITI GALLI, bare head right
Rooster standing right, [holding rostral crown in beak and palm frond in claws]
Rostowzew 1238, pl. IV, 33; BM 932

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)

Though the exact identity of this individual is unknown, he is undoubtedly a member of the gens Glitia. It is tempting to associate him with the P. Glitius L.f. Gallus who was implicated in the Pisonian Conspiracy against the emperor Nero and ultimately exiled to the island of Andros, or his son, P. Glitius P.f. Gallus.
Ardatirion
00001x00~5.jpg
32 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 5.44 g, 12h)
Head of Hercules right
Club
Rostovtsev 2549.1-9; Rostovsev & Prou 374; BM 103-4; München 473-5; Kircheriano 1035, 1040

Ex Artcoins Roma 23 (17 February 2015), lot 582
Ardatirion
00006x00~2.jpg
14 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 5.35 g, 12h)
Draped bust of Hercules left, wearing lion's skin and holding club over shoulder, with hair and beard in Antonine-Severan style
The Dioscuri standing facing one another, each holding spear and bridle of horse
Rostovtsev 2085; Rostovtsev & Prou 377

Rostovtsev suggests that the obverse may depict Caracalla. This interpretation is somewhat plausible, but unlikely, considering the additional object on the obverse, and the bare head of the figure.
Ardatirion
00030x00~2.jpg
9 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.94 g, 12h)
Hercules standing left, holding club and scyphus
Minerva standing facing, holding spear and shield
Rostovtsev 2502.1; München 450-1 var. (size)
Ardatirion
00001x00.jpg
21 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 3.87 g, 9 h)
Hercules standing left, resting right foot on rock and club on ground
Ram or sheep standing right
Rostowzew – (but cf. 2476, for an uncertain specimen with Hercules/Ram in Florence)
Ardatirion
00007x00~4.jpg
19 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.12 g, 12h)
Homonia standing left, holding cornucopia and raising hand; EPA L above
BRITL/ ALAX; palm frond above
Rostovtsew 237 corr. (legends)

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00006x00~3.jpg
11 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 4.04 g)
Juno(?) standing left, holding patera and scepter
CVV/QQQ
Rostovtsew 2586

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00014x00~0.jpg
41 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.37 g, 3 h)
Lion leaping right; S above, RV below
Dolpin right; S above, RV below
Rostowzew 604, fig. 47 var. (arrangement of letters)


Although it initially appears to be struck, close examination reveals that this piece was cast, with insufficient metal filling the mold.
2 commentsArdatirion
00004x00~8.jpg
16 viewsROME
PB Tessera (13mm, 2.40 g)
Lion advancing right
MAL
Rostovtsew 613

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00004x00~10.jpg
19 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.38 g, 12h)
Mars standing left, holding Victory and spear
Fly
Rostovtsew 188

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00008x00.jpg
27 viewsROME
PB Tessera (14mm, 2.03 g, 12 h)
Mercury standing facing, holding bag and caduceus
Clasped hands
Rostowzew 2677
Ardatirion
DSC_0253.jpg
15 viewsROME
PB Tessera (13mm, 1.94 g, 3 h)
Mercury standing facing, holding bag and caduceus
OTR
Rostowzew -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 267, lot 685 (part of)
Ardatirion
00009x00~2.jpg
15 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.20 g, 6h)
[MAG M]INERVAL[ES M N]
Minerva or Roma standing left, holding globe and spear
Tablet (?); four styluses (?) above and below; N F flanking
Rostovtsew 876

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00023x00~2.jpg
8 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.08 g, 12 h)
Modius with three grain ears
DR
Rostowzew 388. "Draconia Genus" in India ink on reverse

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of).
Ardatirion
00003x00~10.jpg
17 viewsROME
PB Tessera (21mm, 3.18 g)
Oyster, with open shell
OSTR/EVM within wreath
Rostovtsew –

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00005x00~5.jpg
20 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.57 g, 12h). Saturnalia issue
Palm frond; IO S(AT) across fields
Wreath
Rostowzew 504; Rostowzew & Prou 100

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00003x00~6.jpg
9 viewsROME. C. Salvidienus
PB Tessera (18mm, 2.82 g, 12h)
Palm frond
C SAL/VIDIE/NV
Rostowzew 1310 corr. (rev. legend); BM 1908

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00002x00~7.jpg
10 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 5.72 g)
Palm frond; wreath to left, S to right
Ampulla atop strigil
Rostovtsew 899, pl. X, 23

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00061x00.jpg
31 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.47 g, 9h)
Roma seated right, holding Victory and spear
G P R F (Genio Populi Romani Feliciter) in circle
Rostovtzev 1576; BM 369

Rostovtsev cites two examples in the British Museum, as well as five more in smaller collections. Thornton could only locate one specimen.
Ardatirion
DSC_0243.jpg
33 viewsROME. Romula Agas(iae?)
PB Tessera (22mm, 7.58 g, 12 h)
ROM/ VLA
Clipeus; A A/ C S
Rostowzew 1478; München 243; Turcan 194-5; Milan 211; Kircheriano 2004-7

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 267, lot 685 (part of)

Rostowzew cites a surprising twenty-six specimens, including several with square flans.
Ardatirion
00017x00~3.jpg
9 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.60 g, 2h)
Silvanus standing left, holding scythe and branch
Bear(?) advancing right
Rostowzew – (but cf. 2982 for an example with a bear)

Ex RBW Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 376, 15 June 2016), lot 770 (part of); Artemide 5E (19 December 2010), lot 1163 (part of)

The reverse figure is crudely engraved, but clearly not a stag.
Ardatirion
tes1.jpg
41 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.60 g)
Head of Sol right
Head of horse right, flail behind
Rostowzew 757. fig. 64; München 166; Milan 134; Kircheriano 1017; BM 413-6

Ex J.S. Wagner Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 250), lot 484 (part of)

Rostowzew places this with the "Tesserae speculatorum" for use in the Circus.
1 commentsArdatirion
00012x00.jpg
31 viewsROME. Durmius Successus
PB Tessera (19mm, 2.74 g)
Three aspects of Hekate
DVR/ SVC
Rostowzew 1210, pl. XI 4 (cast from same mold as illustrated specimen); Turcan 174

Ex Mark Staal Three Graces Collection; Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 232, Lot 515 (part of); purchased from Divus Numismatic, May 2007

Rostowzew places this with the "Tesserae nominibus virorum et mulierum signatae."
Ardatirion
00014x00.jpg
24 viewsROME. L. Volusi Primi
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.65 g)
Three aspects of Hekate
LVOLV/ SIPRIMI
Rostowzew 1345, pl. XI 23 (cast from same mold as illustrated specimen); München 237; Kircheriano 405-8; BM 1349-50

Ex Mark Staal Three Graces Collection; Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 232, Lot 515 (part of); purchased from Mediterranean Coins, April 2004

Rostowzew places this with the "Tesserae nominibus virorum et mulierum signatae."
Ardatirion
gracesmodius.jpg
32 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.96 g, 12 h)
The Charites (the Three Graces) standing, the left and right facing, the middle with back to view
Modius with three grain ears
Rostovtzev 358; Milan 52; München 67-70; BM 1330-3, 1335-8, 1340-1; Staal Appendix A, p. 148 (this coin illustrated)

Ex Mark Staal Three Graces Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 300), lot 432 (part of)
1 commentsArdatirion
DSC_0247.jpg
21 viewsROME
PB Tessera (14mm, 1.30 g, 6 h)
Tree
DI
Cf. Rostowzew 426, pl. III, 48 (similar tree)

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 267, lot 685 (part of)
Ardatirion
00002x00~8.jpg
8 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 3.66 g)
Trophy
Aeneas standing left, carrying Anchises and palladium
Rostovtsew 118

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00013x00.jpg
36 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 2.71 g, 12 h)
Imperial issue (?)
Venus Victrix standing right, resting arm on cippus and holding transverse scepter and clasping hands with Mars, standing left
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Rostowzew 153, pl. III 2; München 16-7; Kircheriano 572, 582, 738, and 741

Rostowzew places this with the "Tesserae capitibus et nominibus imperatorum signatae" on the basis of type. In my studies, I have noticed that many of the types bearing Imperial portraiture or names are much more finely engraved, often with a centering dot and pronounced rims.
Ardatirion
DSC_0251.jpg
30 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 4.06 g, 1 h)
Venus standing left, holding mirror and adjusting hair; TIVS to right
Venus standing left, holding mirror and adjusting hair; palm frond to right
Rostowzew 3091, pl. VIII, 2; München 594

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 267, lot 685 (part of)
Ardatirion
00004x00~5.jpg
61 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.53 g, 12h)
Victory standing right, foot on helmet, inscribing shield set on palm tree
Apex; palm frond to left
M. & B. Overbeck, “Romische Bleimarken als Zeugnis des Ersten Jüdischen Krieges,” in Helas und der Grechen Osten, p. 211-216, 1; Rostovtsev 1840, pl. VII, 37; BMC 802-4

The similarities between the obverse of this piece and the Judaea Capta issues of Caesarea Maritima cannot be overstated. This type, as well as a few others that bear the portrait of Vespasian or palm trees, undoubtedly played some role in the triumph that followed the conclusion of the First Jewish War.
2 commentsArdatirion
00025x00~1.jpg
12 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 2.94 g, 6h)
Victory standing right, holding wreath and palm frond
M
Rostowzew 1956 var. (no letters on obv.). "IVLIA" and "VICTOR" in India ink on obverse, "FARSALI/IA" and "MAXIMA" on reverse

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00003x00~7.jpg
10 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.01 g)
Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm frond
Trophy
Rostovtsew 131

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
AED_CSC.jpg
52 viewsROME
PB Tessera. (20mm, 4.40 g)
AED
CSC
Rostowzew -

The legend likely refers to the office of aedile, an elected position in the city of Rome. Aediles were responsible for various duties, including managing the grain supply and providing for games and public festivals.
1 commentsArdatirion
AED_LOS.jpg
27 viewsROME
PB Tessera. (23mm, 7.78 g)
AED
LOS
Rostowzew -

The legend likely refers to the office of aedile, an elected position in the city of Rome. Aediles were responsible for various duties, including managing the grain supply and providing for games and public festivals.
Ardatirion
Greek_-_Uncertain_Northern_Greek_1.jpg
32 viewsNORTHERN GREECE, Uncertain
PB Tessera (16mm, 4.01 g)
Boar at bay right
Hound standing right

Ex Classical Numismatics Group 85 (15 September 2010), lot 330a
Ardatirion
Greek_-_Uncertain_Northern_Greek_3.jpg
25 viewsNORTHERN GREECE, Uncertain
PB Tessera (14mm, 3.65 g)
Bull standing right
Pitchfork

Ex Classical Numismatics Group 85 (15 September 2010), lot 330c
Ardatirion
Greek_-_Uncertain_Northern_Greek_4.jpg
21 viewsNORTHERN GREECE, Uncertain
PB Tessera(15mm, 3.98 g)
Female standing left, holding two grain ears
Male(?) reclining left, holding pitchfork

Ex Classical Numismatics Group 85 (15 September 2010), lot 330d
Ardatirion
Greek_-_Uncertain_Northern_Greek_2.jpg
30 viewsNORTHERN GREECE, Uncertain
PB Tessera (16mm, 3.96 g)
Goat standing right
Bunch of grapes hanging from vine

Ex Classical Numismatics Group 85 (15 September 2010), lot 330b
Ardatirion
00033x00.jpg
32 viewsClaudius. AD 41-54.
Æ As (28mm, 10.67 g, 7 h). Western Europe. Cast circa AD 43-64.
Bare head left
Minerva advancing right, brandishing spear and holding round shield; S C flanking
Sutherland grade I
Ardatirion
00038x00.jpg
29 viewsClaudius. AD 41-53.
Æ As (23mm, 6.24 g, 7 h). Western Europe. Struck circa AD 43-64.
Bare head left
Minerva advancing right, brandishing spear and holding round shield; S C flanking
Sutherland grade III
Ardatirion
00039x00.jpg
23 viewsClaudius. AD 41-53.
Æ As (27mm, 9.39 g, 6 h). Western Europe (Spain?). Struck circa AD 43-64.
Bare head left
Minerva advancing right, brandishing spear and holding round shield; S C flanking
Sutherland grade IV

The style of this piece is reminiscent of earlier Spanish provincial issues.
Ardatirion
00027x00.jpg
35 viewsClaudius. AD 41-53
Æ As (26mm, 5.71 g, 4 h). Britain. Struck circa AD 43-64.
Bare head left
Minerva advancing right, brandishing spear and holding round shield; S C flanking
Sutherland grade IV

Found near Canterbury, Kent
1 commentsArdatirion
00009x00_copy.jpg
17 viewsATTICA, Athens
PB Tessera. (15mm, 4.00 g)
Struck circa 200-263 AD
Helmeted head right
Blank
Lang & Crosby 246

The style of the bust on this token closely matches one discovered in the Stoa at the Athenian Agora, firmly dated to the mid 3rd century AD.
Ardatirion
ephesos_ascleupeus.jpg
25 viewsIONIA, Ephesos.
PB Tessera (15mm, 1.58 g)
Aesculapius standing left, leaning on staff entwined with snakes
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç 3 (same dies) corr. (Aesculapius, not Eirene)
Ardatirion
00018x00.jpg
37 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.30 g)
The Charites (the Three Graces) standing, the left and right facing, the middle with back to view
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç 53 var. (reverse type)

Ex Mark Staal Three Graces Collection; Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 232, lot 515 (part of). Found near Ephesus.
Ardatirion
new.jpg
28 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (18mm, 4.03 g)
The Charites (the Three Graces) standing, the left and right facing, the middle with back to view
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç 53 var. (reverse type)

Ex Mark Staal Three Graces Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 300), lot 432 (part of)
1 commentsArdatirion
Retarrifed_Vespasian_as.jpg
105 viewsROME. Titus. As Caesar, AD 69-79.
Æ As (20mm, 9.84 g, 6 h)
Rome mint. Struck AD 77-78.
Retarrifed under by the Ostrogothic kingdom in Italy as 42 nummi, 6th century AD.
Laureate head left; XLII (= mark of value, 42 nummi) carved before bust
Spes standing left, holding flower and raising hem of skirt
For host coin:cf. RIC II 1101. For revaluation: cf. Morrisson, Re-use 19; cf. MEC 1, 76 (Vespasian)

Ex Giamba Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 82, 16 September 2009), lot 1139
3 commentsArdatirion
DSC_7637.jpg
85 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Political issues. Gulian C. Verplanck.
Brass Token (27mm, 6.08 g, 6 h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Struck 1834.
GULIAN . C . VERPLANCK OUR NEXT . GOVNR., bust left
* A FAITHFUL . FRIEND */ TO OUR COUNTRY
Eagle standing right, with wings spread and head left, clutching olive branch and arrows in claws
Rulau HT 30; Low 16
Ardatirion
00003x00~2.jpg
57 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (27mm, 6.59 g, 11 h)
Dies by Joseph B. Gardiner. Belleville (New Jersey) or Scoville mint. Struck 1840.
HENRY CLAY AND THE AMERICAN SYSTEM
Draped bust of Henry Clay right; IBG below
UNITED/ [WE]/ STAND within wreath
Rulau HT 79; Low 192

Rulau gives a struck date of 1840 for this issue, and assigns it to the Belleville mint. However, documentary evidence shows that Gardiner was by this time working at the Scoville mint in Waterbury, CT. Either the coin was struck prior to spring 1839, or it is an issue of the Scoville mint.
Ardatirion
kyHWAyT.jpg
15 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (28.5mm, 8.53 g, 12h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1838.
AM I NOT A WOMAN & A SISTER, hained female slave kneeling right, raising arms in supplication; * 1838 * below UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, LIBERTY/ 1838 within wreath
Rulau HT 81; Low 54

Ex Album 33 (17 January 2019), lot 2542

June 1900 saw a brief flurry of journalistic interest in the "Am I Not A Woman & A Sister" tokens. A specimen had been found in a garden in Indiana, apparently in one of the many towns that claim a connection to the Underground Railroad, and received a glowing and fanciful write up in the local newspaper. The paper claimed that it was a "Talisman of Slavery," and used as a token to ensure safe passage along the escaped slave's route, and that it was a very rare piece. The following week a newspaper in Maine recorded that a local collector had another example, again drawing a purported connection to the Underground Railroad. Astutely, the July 1900 edition of the American Journal of Numismatics pointed out that, while an isolated use like this was possible, it was not what the tokens were originally intended for.
Ardatirion
00004x00~2.jpg
69 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. New York, New York. Henry Law, baker.
CU Token (29mm, 8.60 g, 12 h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Struck 1834-1835
ENGLISH BREAD/ TWIST & FANCY CAKES
Bushel of wheat
H. LAW BAKER/ 187 CANAL St NEW YORK
Eagle standing right, with wings spread and head left, shield on breast and olive branch in talons
Rulau HT 286; Low 261

Henry Law was married to Charlotte (née Stephens), the sister of William Stephens, a partner in one of the two firms that comprised the Belleville mint. Henry's bakery moved to Canal St. in 1834 and was closed in late 1834 or early 1835, when its proprietor died. Charlotte and her children later moved to Belleville.
Ardatirion
DSC_0257.jpg
42 viewsBYZANTINE. Basileos. Circa 1080-1180
PB Seal (16mm, 5.15 g, 12h)
CΦPA/ ΓIC ΠЄ/ ΦVKA
TωN/ ΛOΓωN/ RACIΛ
Münz Zentrum 161 (11 January 2012), lot 841, otherwise unpublished

Ex Classical Numismatic Group E267, lot 685 (part of)
Ardatirion
00005x00~7.jpg
26 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera – Dichalkon
Draped bust of Antinous right, wearing hem-hem crown(?);[Δ]/I downward to left, X/A downward to right
Tyche standing right, holding rudder and cornucopia; [Λ/K] downwards to left, [O/N] downwards to right

This piece is extremely important for the study of lead tokens in Roman Egypt. The legend reads DIXALKON, normally a bronze denomination. Leads bearing denominational names are known from only a few specimens (see Köln 3502, for one such piece from Memphis), including one of this type in Dattari (Savio).
Ardatirion
00069x00.jpg
37 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera (21mm, 4.14 g, 4 h)
Dated year 2 of an uncertain era
Confronted busts of Antinous, draped and wearing hem-hem crown, and Isis, draped and wearing headdress; [L] B flanking
Nilus reclining left on hippopatumus, holding cornucopia and reeds
Milne -; Milne, Memphis p. 115; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3569-70; Rostovtsev & Prou 665-6; Roma 6 (29 September 2013), lot 923-4
Ardatirion
Aphroditopolis.jpg
34 viewsEGYPT, Aphroditopolis
PB Tessera (13mm, 1.78 g)
Eros standing left, stooping over bird to left
Head of hippocamp right (or swan right?)
Milne 5325-9; Dattari (Savio) 11856-7; Köln -; Rostowzew & Prou 714 (dolphin)

The reverse type here more closely resembles a swan than it does a hippocamp. While the swan is a symbol of Aphrodite, Dattari (Savio) 11857 clearly shows the head a hippocamp. It is possible that these are two distinct types.
Ardatirion
pharoah.jpg
39 viewsEGYPT, Arsinoe (Krokodilopolis)
PB Tessera. (25mm, 7.23 g)
Head of Pharoah right
Serapis seated left on throne, holding scepter
Milne 5442 (Fayûm class); Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3614

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 238, lot 295

Milne gives this type to an uncertain city in the Fayûm. Considering the thematic and stylistic similarities with the named piece of Arsinoe, an attribution to this city is probable.
Ardatirion
Koptos.jpg
21 viewsEGYPT, Herakleopolis?
PB Tessera (22mm, 5.26 g, 12h)
Bust of Herakles right, club over shoulder; H behind, P before
Artemis standing facing, head right, drawing arrow from quiver and holding bow; hound at side
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3497

Ardatirion
Memphis_5279.jpg
44 viewsEGYPT, Memphis
PB Tessera (24mm, 5.76 g, 11 h)
Nilus reclining left on hippopotamus, holding cornucopia and reeds, being crowned by Euthenia advancing right
Isis-Hekate triformis standing facing, holding uraeus and resting arm on Apis bull standing left with solar disk between horns; to left, small figure standing right; MEMΦIC to right
Milne 5279; Dattari (Savio) 6419; Köln 3501
Ardatirion
2740288.jpg
50 viewsEGYPT, Athribis
PB Tessera (24mm, 5.17 g, 12h).
Tyche reclining left on couch (hiera klinê, or lectisternium), holding rudder in outstretched right hand and resting head on raised left set on pillow; A[Θ]PI[B]IC/ [ΠOΛ]OI above
Nike standing right, holding palm frond and presenting wreath to Serapis standing left, holding long scepter in left hand and raising right
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 274, lot 288 (there as Memphis).
Ardatirion
Oxyrhynchus_5316.jpg
19 viewsEGYPT, Oxyrhynchus
PB Tessera (22mm, 12.13 g)
Draped bust of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helm and aegis
Oak wreath enclosing uncertain letters (OΞ monogram?)
Milne 5317-9; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3557-8
Ardatirion
ago.jpg
26 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (24 mm, 13.90 g)
Athena standing left, holding Nike and grounded shield
AΓO
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3560

Ex Classical Numismatics Group Electronic Auction 238, lot 294
Ardatirion
00007x00~3.jpg
14 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera
Solar barge (Ship of Ra) left, with four oarsmen
Nilus reclining left, holding cornucopia and reeds
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -
Ardatirion
Egypt_-.jpg
25 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (22 mm, 4.39 g)
Dated year 5 of an uncertain era.
Veiled and draped bust of Demeter right; L Є flanking
Nilus reclining left holding reeds and cornucopia; crocodile below
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) 6475; Köln 3610
Ardatirion
00067x00.jpg
21 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.49 g, 8 h)
Dikaiosyne standing left, holding scales and cornucopoia
Nilus reclining left on crocodile, holding cornucopia [and reeds]
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) 1669-70; Köln -; Torino 9137-8
Ardatirion
00066x00.jpg
25 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (20mm, 2.69 g, 1 h)
Dikaiosyne standing left, holding scales and cornucopoia
Nilus reclining left on crocodile, holding cornucopia and reeds
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) 1669-70; Köln -; Torino 9137-8
Ardatirion
00032x00~1.jpg
17 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.34 gm 2 h) Dated year 4 of an uncertain era
Bust of Horus right, wearing stylized pschent crown, being crowned by Victory flying left; LΔ (date) to lower right
Nilus recling left on crocodile, holding reeds and cornucopia, being crowned by Victory flying right
Milne 5415 corr. (date); Dattari (Savio) 11642; Köln –; CNG E-353, lot 370 (same dies)
Ardatirion
00011x00~1.jpg
15 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera
Dated year 3 of an uncertain era
Nilus reclining left, holding reeds and cornucopia
Euthenia reclining left, holding cornucopia and grain ears; [L] Γ flanking
Ardatirion
00023x00.jpg
22 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (18mm, 4.15 g, 1h)
Dated year 2 of an uncertain era
Nilus recling left, holding cornucopia and mummiform figure of Osiris
Euthenia reclining left, holding cornucopia and grain ears; LB above
Milne 5391 var. (date); Dattari (Savio) 11623 var. (placement of date); Köln -
Ardatirion
54463q00.jpg
18 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.07 g, 1h)
Nilus reclining left, holding cornucopia [and mummiform figure of Osiris?]
Euthenia reclining left, holding cornucopia and grain ears
Cf. Milne 5397-401; Dattari (Savio) 6470 corr. (obverse type); Köln -
Ardatirion
egypt.jpg
27 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (22mm, 5.50 g, 4 h)
Wreathed and draped bust of Dionysos right, thrysus over shoulder
Nilus reclining left, holding cornucopia and reeds, being crowned by Euthenia advancing right
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -
Ardatirion
00009x00~1.jpg
14 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera
Two confronted peacocks standing on urn
Nilus reclining left, holding cornucopia and reeds
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -
Ardatirion
00070x00.jpg
27 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (18mm, 2.83 , 1 h)
Tyche reclining left on couch (hiera klinê, or lectisternium), holding rudder in outstretched right hand and resting head on raised left set on pillow; all within distyle temple with pellet in pediment
Hercules standing left, holding club and small figure of Telesphorus
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -; Roma E-Live 3 (25 October 2018), lot 484 (same dies)
Ardatirion
2870389.jpg
31 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.89 g, 1h)
Draped male bust left, holding spear over shoulder
Bust of Nilus left; palm frond before, cornucopia over shoulder
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -

Ex Greenpoint Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 287), lot 389
Ardatirion
00036x00~0.jpg
33 viewsFaustina Junior . Augusta, AD 147-175
PB Denarius (18mm, 2.76 g, 10 h)
Cast imitation? Copying a Rome mint issue of circa AD 161-175
Draped bust right
Diana Lucifera standing facing, head left, holding transverse torch
Cf. RIC III 674 (Pius)

Iron(?) inclusion in center of reverse
1 commentsArdatirion
00091x00.jpg
91 viewsCANADA, Tokens. Nova Scotia. William IV. King of Great Britain, 1830-1837.
CU Penny Token (34.5 mm, 14.27 g, 6 h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835.
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
ONE PENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-4A2; Breton 870

Canadian catalogs traditionally give this issue to an illicit mint in Montreal. Wayne Jacobs1 argues that these were struck in Belleville. While his methodology is somewhat questionable - most of his theory is based off a unreliable editorial in an 1893 edition of the Newark Sunday Call - his reasoning regarding this series is sound. He is able to clearly demonstrate that the halfpenny and penny tokens in question are a product of a single, cohesive establishment which could not have been located in Lower Canada. Finally, Jacobs' claim can be supported by documentary evidence from the Belleville mint's primary competitor, the Scoville Company of Waterbury, Connecticut. A letter from J.M.L. to W.H. Scoville, dated April 4 1839, states that, "a competitor was stamping Canada Nova Scotia and Southern coins at 35 cents a pound."

1. Jacobs, Wayne. 1996. “The Shadowy Issues of the Belleville Mint.” Canadian Numismatic Journal 41 1: 13–26.
1 commentsArdatirion
NS_3A2.jpg
31 viewsCANADA, Nova Scotia. William IV King of Great Britain, 1830-1837
CU Halfpenny Token
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
HALFPENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-3A2; Corteau 278, tentative die state 6; Breton 871

“Old residents state that these counterfeits were brought, in large quantities to St. John, N.B., and from thence distributed through fishing vessels to Nova Scotian out ports. And informant tells of having seen a fisherman from Yarmouth paid for his catch in this coin.” R.W. McLachlan (Annals of the Nova Scotian Coinage, p. 37)
1 commentsArdatirion
00055x00~0.jpg
46 viewsHAITI, Premier République. Jean Pierre Boyer. President, 1825-1843
Brass 50 Centimes (25.5mm, 4.26 g, 12h)
Contemporary counterfeit. Dated L'An 25 of the Republic (AD 1828/9)
J * BOYER * PRESIDENTE *, AN 25
Bust left
REPUBLIQUE D'HAITI */ 50 * C
Palm tree flanked by cannon and banners
KM 20a; cf. Arroyo 105 (for official issue); Lissade 96; iNumis 25, lot 1352

On 1 June 1835, local officials arrested engraver Joseph Gardner of Belleville on charges of counterfeiting. When searching his house, officials discovered dies for Spanish 8 reales in various states of completion, coining implements, a bag of gold dust, and several bags of "spurious Haytien coppers." Yet Gardner was not the only individual striking illicit Haitian coins. James Bishop of neighboring Bloomfield, New Jersey had been arrested several months before, and a third person was responsible for the issue brought to Haiti by Jeremiah Hamilton.

Today, two distinct issues of counterfeits can be identified: a group of 25 and 50 Centimes, clearly related in fabric, and two different dates of 100 Centimes. The smaller denominations are most often found lacking a silver plating, while the plating year 26 100 Centimes is fine enough to deceive the likes of NGC and Heritage. Additionally, there are a handful year 27 100 centimes overstruck on US large cents. While I have not yet found a regular strike from these dies, they are the most likely candidate for Belleville's production.
Ardatirion
DSC_2708.jpg
35 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Civil War. Wooster, Ohio. James B. Childs
CU Token (19mm, 3.06 g, 6 h)
Thistle; UNITED WE STAND above, DIVIDED WE FALL below
JAMES B. CHILDS/ CLOTHING/ HATS, CAPS/ &/ TRUNKS/ WOOSTER OHIO
Rulau 975D-1a
Ardatirion
00057x00.jpg
32 viewsPHILIPPINES, Insular Government. 1901-1935.
Proof CU Half Centavo (18mm, 2.63 g, 6h)
Philadelphia mint. Dated 1903.
· UNITED STATES OF AMERICA · 1903
Eagle standing facing atop shield, head left, with wings spread, clutching a palm branch and bundle of arrows
HALF CENTAVO FILIPINAS
Male figure seated against anvil, resting hammer; in distance, Mt. Mayon
Allen 1.01; cf. Basso 110 (for business strike)

Ex Cookie Jar Collectibles MBS X (31 July 2007), lot 270
1 commentsArdatirion
00028x00.jpg
40 viewsBYZANTINE. Baanes. Palatinos(?), circa 7th century AD
PB Seal (17mm, 5.58 g, 6 h)
Capricorn leaping right, ПAΛA below
Monogram (BAANH)
Unpublished

A palatinos was a minor clerk in the late Roman and early Byzantine period.
Ardatirion
IMG_1361.JPG
64 viewsUNITED STATES, Native proto-currency. Seneca tribe.
Ganounata village (Honeoye Falls, NY). Circa AD 1625-1687
White wampum beads (apx. 5mm, 0.10g each)
Carved white shell beads with lateral hole for suspension in belt
Cf. William Martin Beauchamp, Wampum and Shell Articles Used by the New York Indians, p. 369

Found at the Dann Farm site in Honeoye Falls, NY.


In 1687 combined French and Huron forces, lead by the Marquis de Denonville, set out to undermine the strength of the Iriquois Confederacy. The main strike was made against Seneca villages in Western New York. Ganounata was burned during the campaign. This episode was only one in a long line of conflicts fought over control of the North American fur trade.

Wampum was used by Native Americans in woven belts of white and black beads. The white beads were crafted from the columella of the Channeled Whelk, the black from the quahog. Traditionally, wampum belts were used as a ceremonial object to initiate a trade contract. It was only with the coming of the Europeans that wampum began to function as coinage. In 1673, New York state officially set the value of wampum at six white beads to the Dutch stuiver, or three black until they fell out of use.
Ardatirion
00035x00.jpg
69 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS. Civil War. Wooster, Ohio. J.R. Bowman.
CU Token (19mm, 3.57 g, 2 h)
Dated 1863
Head of Liberty left, wearing feathered headdress inscribed LIBERTY, within circle of thirteen stars, 1863 below
J. R. BOWMAN/ DEALER/ IN/ WATCHES/ CLOCKS/ &/ JEWELRY/ WEST LIBERTY ST./ WOOSTER, O., clock hands in background
Rulau CWT 975B-3a
1 commentsArdatirion
973330.jpg
32 viewsBRITISH TOKENS, Tudor. temp. Mary–Edward VI.1553-1558.
PB Token (27mm, 5.29 g). St. Nicholas (‘Boy Bishop’) type. Cast in East Anglia (Bury St. Edmund’s?)
Mitre, croizer to right; all within border
Long cross pattée with trefoils in angles; scrollwork border
Rigold, Tokens class X.B, 1; Mitchiner & Skinner group Ra, 1

Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX.1 (Spring 2014), no. 973330

Britain in the late middle ages played host to a popular regional variant of the ‘Feast of Fools’ festival. Every year on the feast of St. Nicholas, a boy was elected from among the local choristers to serve as ‘bishop.’ Dressed in mitre and bearing the croizer of his office, the young boy paraded through the city accompanied by his equally youthful ‘priest’ attendants. The ‘bishop’ performed all the ceremonies and offices of the real bishop, save for the actual conducting of mass. Though this practice was extinguished with the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1539, it was briefly revived under Queen Mary, who took particular interest in the festival, when the lucky boy was referred to as ‘Queen Mary’s Child.’ The celebration of the boy bishop died out completely early in the reign of Elizabeth.

Evidence of this custom is particularly prevalent in East Anglia, specifically at Bury St. Edmunds. Beginning in the late 15th century, the region produced numerous lead tokens bearing the likeness of a bishop, often bearing legends relating to the festival of St. Nicholas. Issued in sizes roughly corresponding to groats, half groats, and pennies, these pieces were undoubtedly distributed by the boy bishop himself, and were likely redeemable at the local abbey or guild for treats and sweetmeats. Considering the endemic paucity of small change in Britain at the time, it is likely that, at least in parts of East Anglia, these tokens entered circulation along with the other private lead issues that were becoming common.
Ardatirion
00030x00.jpg
71 viewsSCOTLAND, Communion Tokens. Dalziel. Robert Clason
Minister, circa 1786-1801
PB Token (20mm, 3.15 g)
Dated 1798
Dalzel/ R C/ 1798
Blank
Barzinski 1873; Brook -

Museum number in india ink on reverse: 5971730 (?)

Ex Lockdale's 83 (27 March 2011), lot 1112
2 commentsArdatirion
00029x00.jpg
32 viewsSCOTLAND, Communion Tokens. Dalziel. Robert Clason
Minister, circa 1786-1801
PB Token (20mm, 3.15 g)
Dated 1798
Dalzel/ R C/ 1798
Blank
Barzinski 1873; Brook -
Ardatirion
2900057.jpg
87 viewsTHESSALY, The Oitaioi. Circa 167-146 BC.
AR Hemidrachm (15mm, 2.30 g, 1h)
Herakleia Trachinia mint
Lion’s head left, spear in its jaws
OITAI downward to right, ΩN downward to left, Herakles standing facing, holding club in both hands
Valassiadis 9; BCD Thessaly II 494 (same obverse die)

Ex BCD Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 290), lot 57; Peus 384 (2 November 2005), lot 199; Vinchon (20 May 1959), lot 483; M. Ratto 11 (16 May 1935), lot 239; R. Ratto (4 April 1927), lot 1023; Naville-Ars Classica V (18 June 1923), lot 1764
2 commentsArdatirion
gnostic_token.jpg
140 viewsROME
PB Gnostic amulet
3rd-5th century AD
Abraxas standing left, with head of a cock, body of a man, and legs of a serpent, holding spear and shield
Star over crescent; ABPA/ CAZ below
Cf. Rostowzew & Prou 820a (oval shape, letters IAω around deity)

Remnants of loupe for suspension at 12'

Not a tessera, but often erroneously included among them.
Ardatirion
pepin-saint-denis.JPG
D.892 Pepin the Brief (denier, Saint-Denis?)18 viewsPepin the Brief, king of the Franks (751-768)
Denier, Saint-Denis ? (751-768)

Silver, 1.22 g, 16 mm diameter, die axis 11 h

O/ RP under a bar; pellets in the field
R/ ΛVT / TRΔ / NO

RP on the obverse means Rex Pippinus, or maybe PiPpinus Rex (the first R would then have to be read twice, the first time as a P).
The reverse is more intricate. First, the mint was identified as Antrain in Brittany. However, a lead slab has been found in Saint-Denis, on which similiar dies had been tested. As a consequence these deniers may have been minted in Saint-Denis monastery. However the legend on the reverse is still unclear (name of a moneyer, abbreviation of a latine phrase ?).
Droger
charlemagne-denier-bourges~0.JPG
D.175 Charles the Great [Charlemagne] (denier, class 3, Bourges)16 viewsCharles the Great, king of the Franks (768-840) and Holy Roman emperor (800-814)
Denier (Bourges, class 3, 781-800)

Silver, 1.18 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ [+CA]RLVS REX FR; cross pattée with a crescent in each quarter
R/ [+B]ITVRICA[S]; carolingian monogram KRLS

For the 3rd type of his coinage, Charles the Great introduced the famous KRLS monogram. This one contains all the letters of Karolvs : the consonants are clearly written at the edges and bound by a lozenge. The vowels are at the center of the monogram: A (using the upper part of the lozenge, O as the whole lozenge and V as the down part of the lozenge).
This monogram still appeared two centuries later in the coinage of Hugh Capet, first capetian king.
Droger
postume-dsesterce-herc-pacifero.JPG
Bastien 277 Postumus: double sestertius (Herc Pacifero)14 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Herc Pacifero (264-265/6, mint II)

Bronze, 15.52 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 11h

A/ IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC-PACIFERO; Hercules, standing left, holding olive branch, club and lion’s skin
Droger
louis1-denier-melle-lin.JPG
D.609 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)49 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.48 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ META / . / LLVM

Louis' deniers correspond to his father's (Charles the Great) ``novus denarius'', whose weight is supposed to be near 1.7 g with a certain variability.

This denier is typical of Class 2 of Louis' coinage (819-822).
A circular inscription of the name of the ruler surrounds a cross pattée on the observe. The quite surprising Hlvdovvicvs initially comes from the germanic name Chlodowig ("Clovis"). This one was first transcribed to latin as Chlodowicvs. The initial C then disappeared, which explains the H at the beginning. The w(=vv) finally became a standard v, which gave Lvdovicvs (Louis). The imperial title imp is also given.

The reverse consists of the mint name, in field. The mint name may be split in 2 or 3 lines.
Droger
louis1-denier-bourges.JPG
D.177 Louis the Pious (denier, Bourges, class 2)11 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Bourges, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.71 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ BITV / RIGES


Droger
louis1-denier-quentovic.JPG
D.803 Louis the Pious (denier, Quentovic, class 2)17 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Quentovic, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.55 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ QVENTO / . / VICVS

Qventovic was a former port close to the English Channel in the northern part of France. It was a prominent trading place until it was abandoned, probably in the 11th century, because of Viking attacks.
Droger
louis1-denier-dorestadt.JPG
D.416 Louis the Pious (denier, Dorstadt, class 2)9 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Dorstadt, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.13 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ DOR / ESTA / TVS
Droger
louis1-obole-melle-lin.JPG
D.613var Louis the Pious (obol, Melle, class 2)34 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.74 g, 17 mm diameter, die axis 9 h

O/ LVDO / VVIC
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

As the value of a denier was quite important (a sheep typically cost 10 deniers during Charles the Great's reign), a smaller coin was needed. Clearly speaking, an obol is a half-denier. The carolingian coinage is typically one of silver deniers and obols. Obols and deniers were usually produced by pairs of the same kind.

Contrary to the related denier, the name of the ruler is here in the field and the mint name surrounds a cross pattée.
The absence of the imperial title made think that the coin had been struck when Louis was king of Aquitaine (before the death of Charles the Great). However there are similar obols with out of Aquitain mints. The absence of the imperial title (as well as an abbreviated name Lvdovvic instead of Hlvdovvicvs) may be due to a lack of space.
Droger
louis1-obole-bourges.JPG
D.180 Louis the Pious (obol, Bourges, class 2)6 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Bourges, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.64 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 8 h

O/ LVDO / VVIC
R/ +BITVRIGES; cross pattée


Droger
louis1-denier-melle-circ.JPG
D.611 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)33 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 6 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obsverse is similar to the previous denier. The difference is that the mint name is around a cross pattée on the reverse. This type is scarer than the one with the mint name in the field. The presence of both types in a hoard shows that both date from the beginning of Louis' reign and belong to the same Class 2.
Grierson and Blackburn suggest that this difference is due to a misunderstanding of the mint instructions.
Droger
louis1-obole-melle-circ.JPG
D.612var Louis the Pious (obol, Melle, class 2)32 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.78 g, 15.5 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obol of this type is simply a reduced size version but is identical to the related denier.

Droger
louis1-denier-temple.JPG
D.1179 Louis the Pious (denier, class 3)49 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 1.56 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

The XPISTIANA should be read "χρISTIANA", nice mix of greek and latin letters.

This is the most common carolingian coin (Class 3 of Louis' coinage).
The obverse is the same as Class 2. However, the reverse is a signature of the alliance between the Carolingians and the Roman Church, which began with Louis' father (Charles the Great) and the systematic introduction of a cross on coins. Louis carried on...

There is no indication of the mint name on this coinage. This fact is generally interpreted as a reinforcement of the imperial autority. Many people tried to localize the precise location of mints. Simon Coupland proposed an attribution, using stylistic similarities to other coins of well known mints. Some cases are easy to attribute but not this one (maybe Quentovic or Verdun ?)...

Droger
louis1-denier-temple-2.JPG
D.1179 Louis the Pious (denier, class 3)29 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 1.52 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 9 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée s with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

Another example of temple denier with a different style, which suggests a different mint. The letters are cruder and the legend is slightly degenerated (retrograd S, MP instead of IMP for the title).
Droger
louis1-obole-temple.JPG
D.1180 Louis the Pious (obol, class 3)9 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" obol (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 0.69 g, 16 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +PSTIΛNΛ REICIO; temple

This obol is a reduced version of the temple denier.
Droger
louis1-obole-2xlegchret.JPG
D.abs Louis the Pious (obol, class 3)17 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (unknown mint in the south-east of France?, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 0.77 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 5 h

O/ +PISTIΛNΛ PI; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +OPISTIΛNΛ PE; cross pattée

This obol may be due to a double reverse error because of the absence of the sovereign's name and the legend repetition on both sides. However several dies were used to strike this type (I could find 3 obverse and 3 reverse dies), one side always bears 4 pellets as the other does not. One of the reverse dies is associated to the more typical obverse legend +HLVDOVVICVS I. Consequently an error does not seem to be likely. Because of hoard localizations, these obols seem to come from a single mint, in the south-east of France (Lyon, Arles?).
1 commentsDroger
charles2-denier-melle3.JPG
D.621 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1a, Melle)25 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1a, 840-864)

Silver, 1.70 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ META / • / LLVM

Class 1 of Charles the Bald's coinage is made of totally different types of coins, which may reflect the state of the kingdom after 3 years of civil war and the division of the Empire.

Class 1a: mint in the field, with a linear legend
Class 1b: bust
Class 1c: city gate
Class 1d: KRLS monogram
Class 1e: temple

Coupland suggests that this particular scarce type (with META/LLVM on the reverse) had been minted from June 848, just after Charles the Bald finally defeated his nephew Pippin II for Aquitaine's control. The aim of minting a special type like this was to show a clear difference with the previsous coinage of Pippin II. A little later, Charles the Blad went on with the typical coinage of Melle (monogram ; circular mint name).
1 commentsDroger
charles2-denier-paris.JPG
D.761 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1a, Paris)10 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Paris, class 1a, 840-864)

Silver, 1.69 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 7h

O/ +CΛR•LVS RE•X FR ; cross pattée
R/ PΛRI / • / S◂II



Droger
charles2-obole-bourges-aq.jpg
D.197 Charles II the Bald (obol, class 1a, Bourges, Aquitaine)20 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Obol (Bourges, Aquitaine, class 1a, 848-849 ?)

Silver, 0.80 g, 17 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX ; cross pattée
R/ AQUI / • / TANIA

The obols of Charles the Bald with AQUITANIA on the reverse are thought to have been minted in Bourges due to hoard studies. For instance, Chaumoux-Marcilly (small village near Bourges) hoard was found in 1930. It had in it 40 coins of Charles the Bald: 20 from Bourges, 17 obols with AQVITANIA, 2 from Melle and one from Orléans. This hoard is consequently supposed to be made of local coins, and AQVITANIA obols of Charles the Bald are supposed to have been minted in Bourges.

1 commentsDroger
charles2-denier_orleans-porte.JPG
D.725 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1c, Orléans)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier with a gate (Orléans, class 1c, 840-864)

Silver, 1.26 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée with four pellets
R/ +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS; city gate with two pellets on sides

The gate motif goes back to Roman times and was used by early Carolingians (and Capetians later).
There is a small misprint on the reverse : +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS instead +ΛVRE-LI-ΛNIS
Droger
charles2-denier-rexfr-melle.JPG
D.606 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1d, Melle)48 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.35 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ +METVLLO; carolingian monogram

The KRLS monogram was first introduced by Charles' great father, Charles the Great (Charlemagne). Charlemagne's son (Louis the Pious) never used a monogram, contrary to most carolingian rulers as Charles the Bald in particular.

This is the second most common carolingian coin.

Charlemagne minted exactly similar coins (Class 3). The question of the attribution to Charles the Great or the Bald has of course been widely discussed on grounds of style, weight, composition (work of Guillaume Sarah), position of the legend... These studies didn't lead to any clear conclusion although these deniers may often be attributed to Charlemagne. New hoards have to be found to resolve this issue.
By then, these coins have to be attributed to Charles the Bald by reason of the relative number of minted coins.
Droger
charles2-obole-melle.JPG
D.622 Charles II the Bald (obol, class 1d, Melle)31 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Obol (Melle, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 0.65 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 8h

O/ carolingian monogram
R/ +METVLLO; cross pattée


Certainly because of the lack of space, there isn't any legend with the ruler's name on the obverse but a carolingian KRLS monogram.
The attribution to Charles the Bald or Charles the Great is uncertain, like for the denier's case.
Droger
charles2-denier-melle-2.JPG
D.626 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1d, Melle)24 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.73 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX; cross pattée
R/ +METVLLO; carolingian monogram

This coinage with the shorter legend CΛRLVS REX is much rarer than the common one with the legend CΛRLVS REX FR. The composition of a hoard in Poitou suggests that this type can be unambiguously attributed to Charles the Bald. This coinage may have been minted at the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign, just before Pippin II took the control of Melle in 845.
Among the 12 known specimens, 5 have a deformed monogram, with the L and the S exchanging places, and on their sides. This feature, the shorter legend, as well as the unusual position of the legend opening cross on top of the monogram may suggest that there was some confusion in Melle at this time, when Charles gave back (temporarily) Aquitaine to Pippin.
The reverse is slightly double struck.
Droger
charles2-denier-mellex.JPG
D.627 Charles II the Bald (denier ?, class 1d, Melle)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle ?, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.35 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX R; cross pattée
R/ +METxVLLO; carolingian monogram

The x in METxVLLO on the reverse has been widely discussed.
For instance, Depeyrot understands it as an immobilization/feudal issue. The crude style of theses deniers and the lightly degenerate legend of this one (CARLVS REX R instead of REX FR) seems in coherence with this hypothesis. However, the x is always at the same place.
Moreover, this type of coin has been found in the Brioux hoard, which may be datable to the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign. Grierson and Blackburn suggest that these coins with x were mainly minted in Poitiers. Using the legend of the close Melle mint allowed to take advantage of the reputation of Melle coinage.
Coupland proposes that this METxVLLO type came after the METVLLO type after 860 and until round 925. Then, it was replaced by the MET/ALO type. In order to explain the differences of interpretation, Coupland thinks that several hoards were wrongly dated or described.
Droger
charles2-denier-temple.JPG
D.1189 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1e,Orléans)40 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
"Temple" denier (Orléans, class 1e, 840-864)

Silver, 1.64 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 8h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ +XPISTIΛNΛ RELIGIO; temple

This other example of Class 1 is the continuation of Louis the Pious' temple denier. XPISTIANA RELIGIO is then most often replaced by the mint name.
Although this is not the case for this specimen, the mint attribution is very clear. It is Orléans, because of the exaggerated S of XPISTIANA and the first I of RELIGIO is in the angle of the L.
Droger
charles2-denier-temple-paris.JPG
D.762 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1e, Paris)28 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
"Temple" denier (Paris, class 1e, 840-864)

Silver, 1.70 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 4h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ +PΛRISII CIVITΛS; temple

The mint's name (Paris) stands in for the usual legend XPISTIANA RELIGIO. The royal authority may have been quite weak in the beginning of Charles' reign, and each mint may have been tempted to make a clear legend to characterize its own coinage.
Droger
charles2-denier-temple-orleans.JPG
D.726 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1e, Orléans)15 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
"Temple" denier (Orléans, class 1e, 840-864)

Silver, 1.53 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +ΛVR-ELI-ΛNIS; temple

Droger
charles2-gdr-curtisasonien.JPG
D.375 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Courcessin?)35 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Courcessin?, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.43 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +I.CVRTISΛSONIEH; cross pattée

In 864, Charles the Bald promulgated the edict of Pîtres, huge reform whose aim was to protect the kingdom from Viking raids. It also reinforced royal authority on minting, and created a new type of deniers . The new coins could be only struck at 10 mints (Palace, Chalon sur Saône, Melle, Narbonne, Orléans, Paris, Quentovic, Reims, Rouen and Sens). This limitation had never been applied, more than 110 mints struck the new coinage. This can be understood as a lack of control of the central autority. However it seems that several mints shared dies... Grierson and Blackburn proposed that only 10 main mints produced dies and partially outsourced coinage production ?
On the obverse is written GRATIA D-I REX (GDR) around a carolingian monogram. The alliance with Roman Church goes on... The reverse already existed for Class 1, with the mint name around a cross pattée.
Class 2 of Charles' coinage is made of these GDR deniers.

The precise localization of the mint in Normandie (north of France) is still not clear. According to Grierson and Blackburn, Courti(s) Sasonien(sis) may come from some groups of Saxons settled in northern part of Gaul.
Droger
charles2-denier-gdr-orleans.JPG
D.727 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Orléans)14 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Orléans, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.80 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛS; cross pattée

This is another typical example of Class 2 (GDR type).
Cenabum was a gallic stronghold of the Carnute tribe. It was conquered and destroyed by Caesar in 52 BC, and then maybe rebuilt by the emperor Aurelian. This may be the origin the city's name.
Droger
charles2-denier-gdr-palais.JPG
D.750 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Palace Mint)4 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Palace Mint, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 2h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +PΛLΛTINΛ MONE; cross pattée

Droger
charles2-gdr-quentovic.JPG
D.811 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Quentovic)37 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Quentovic, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.64 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +QVVENTOVVCI; cross pattée with 2 globules

This is another typical example of Class 2 (GDR type).
Droger
charles2-denier-gdr-dijon.JPG
D.399 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Dijon)21 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Dijon, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 0.91 g, 19.5 mm diameter, die axis 2h

O/ +C[RATIA] D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +DIVIONI C[AST]RE; cross pattée

This is another less common example of Class 2 (GDR type).
Droger
charles2-obole-rouen-gdr.JPG
D.880 Charles II the Bald (obol, class 2, Rouen)14 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR obol (Rouen, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 0.73 g, 14 mm diameter, die axis 10h

O: +CRΛTIΛ D-I REX;carolingian monogram
R: +ROTVHΛCVS CIVI; cross pattée

Obol of GDR type
Droger
charles2-denier-lemans.JPG
D.559 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Le Mans)12 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Le Mans, class 2, 864-875 or end of the 8th/beginning of the 10th century)

Silver, 1.42 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O: +G I RΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R: +CINOMΛNIS CIVITΛS; cross pattée

Due to the degenerate legend and monogram, this coin may be an immobilization.
Droger
charles2-denier-bourges-emp.JPG
D.198 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 3, Bourges)27 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877) and Holy Roman Emperor (875-877)
Denier (Bourges, class 2, 876-877)

Silver, 1.47 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS IMP ΛVG; cross pattée
R/ +BITVRICES CIVIT; carolingian monogram

In 875, after the death of his nephew, the Emperor Louis II, Charles received the imperial crown.
The related coinage clearly shows the imperial title in a roman way, IMP AVG. This coinage may be undistinguishable from the one of Charles the Fat (885-887), when he assumed West Francia kingship (before being chased by Eudes, count of Paris and next king of the Franks).
Droger
charles2-denier-toulouse-imp.JPG
D.1007 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 3, Toulouse)13 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877) and Holy Roman Emperor (875-877)
Denier (Toulouse, class 2, 876-877)

Silver, 1.59 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 7h

O/ +CΛRLVS IMP R- ; cross pattée
R/ +TOLOSΛ+CIVI ; CA / RL in the center

The presence of the name of the sovereign on the reverse is quite rare for carolingian coins. This is also the case for Toulouse deniers of Charles the Bald's Louis II (or grandson Louis III) with LV / DO.

This coinage is also sometimes attributed to Charles the Fat.
1 commentsDroger
philippe2-denier-saintmartin.JPG
Dy.176 Philip II (Augustus): denier tournois (Saint Martin de Tours)20 viewsPhilip II, king of France (1180-1223)
Denier tournois (Saint Martin de Tours)

Billon, 0.96 g, diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 7h
O: PHILIPVS REX; croix pattée
R: +SCS MARTINVS; châtel tournois

The livre parisis was a standard for minting coins (and for unit of accounts) inherited from the Carolingians.
In 1203, John (Lackland) lost Anjou to Philip II. The deniers minted at the Saint Martin abbey in Touraine were considered as very stable. So Philip II decided to adopt the livre tournois (tournois means "of Tours", Tours is a French city in Anjou close to Saint Martin abbey) as a new standard denier and unit of account. Livre parisis and livre tournois coexisted for some time but the livre tournois quickly outstripped the livre parisis as a unit of account. Deniers parisis ceased to be struck a little more than a century later, but livre parisis existed till 17th century.
SCS MARTINVS means Sanctus Martinus (Saint Martin). The name of the abbey was temporarily kept on the deniers tournois, but was soon replaced by the name of the city of Tours.
Droger
louis9-gros-tournois.JPG
Dy.190C Louis IX (Saint Louis): Gros tournois57 viewsLouis IX, king of France (1226-1270)
Gros tournois (1266-1270)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.94 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: +LVDOVICVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

The full transcription of the obverse is: benedictvm sit nomen domini nostri dei Jesu Christi, which means ``blessed is the name of our Lord Jesus Christ'' (XPI is in fact a mix of greek and latin letters: χρI[STI]). This choice of religious legend is not surprising for a king as pious as Louis IX.

The value of the denier had become too small for use in commerce. So Louis IX introduced the Gros Tournois in 1266, with a value of 12 deniers tournois (12 is the number of lis, and also of letters of the obverse and reverse legends !). Gros means ``big'' or``thick'', and tournois ``of Tours'' (Tours is a french city). The inner part of a Gros tournois is similar to a denier tournois. An outer circle has been added with the christian legend on the obverse and 12 fleur-de-lis (symbol of French kingship) on the reverse.

Gros tournois were struck in France and entire Europe during one century.
Droger
philippe3-gros-tournois.JPG
Dy.202A Philip III (the Bold): Gros tournois 35 viewsPhilip III, king of France (1270-1285)
Gros tournois (1270-1280)

Silver (958 ‰), 4.04 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 1h30
O: inner circle: +PhILIPVS.REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONV.S.CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This type exactly continued the Gros tournois of Saint Louis, Philip's father.
Droger
philippe4-grostournois-orond.JPG
Dy.213 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a round O36 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with a round O (1280-1290)

Silver (958 ‰), 4.07 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS.CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign). The only difference with the Gros tournois of the first part of Philip III's reign is PHILIPPVS, spelled with 2 P intead of 1.
Droger
philippe4-gros-tournois-olong.JPG
Dy.214 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a long 032 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with long 0 (1290-1295)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.96 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVR0NVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

The only difference between this emission and the previous one is the 0 in TVR0NVS, which is now long instead of round.
Droger
philippe4-gros-tournois-lis.JPG
Dy.217 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a long 0 and a lily26 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with long 0 and a lily (1298)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.98 g, diameter 27 mm, die axis 7h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS(ringlet)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVR0NVS*CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis
Droger
philippe4-maille-tierce~0.JPG
Dy.219d Philip IV (the Fair): maille tierce with a round O23 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Maille tierce with round O (09/1306)

Silver (958 ‰), 1.27 g, diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄn⋮DOmInI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis

Droger
philippe5-gros-tournois.JPG
Dy.238 Philip V (the Tall): Gros tournois 25 viewsPhilip V, king of France (1316-1322)
Gros tournois (1318)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.93 g, diameter 26mm, die axis 12h

O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS(hammer)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮
SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV⋮XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS(hammer)CIVIS; châtel tournois;
outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

At first sight, Philip V's gros tournois are very similar to his father's ones. However, the general style is quite different: Philip V's tournois have a stretched castle, thiner letters with more space between them (especially for TVRONVS CIVIS), n of nOmЄ is an n but not an N) and ⋮ instead of . between IhV and XPI. Moreover, it is commonly thought that a hammer (like here) or a crescent separating TVRONVS/CIVIS and PHILIPPVS/REX is a typical feature of Philip V.

Philip V's gros tournois are scarcer than Philip IV's. His reign was shorter and a silver lack prevented him from minting as much as he wanted. Philip had to forbid the production of silver items like dishes in order to keep silver for minting.
Droger
charles4-maille-blanche-1ere.JPG
Dy.243 Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 1st emission7 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 1st emission (03/02/1324)

Silver (798 ‰), 1.82 g, diameter 22 mm, die axis 2h
O: inner circle: +kAROLVS(diamond)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT#8942nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANChORVm*; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis

The h of FRANChORVm is characteristic of the first emission.

Charles was the younger and third son of former king Philip the Fair. He was consequently not supposed to rule. However, as his two brothers successively died without any living son, he became king in 1322. Six years later, he also died without a male heir. So ended up the capetian senior line in 1328.
The legend began then... Jacques de Molay, last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, had cursed King Philip the Fair and his descendants from his execution pyr in 1314. Was the curse finally efficient ?
Charles'cousin, his nearest parent, became then king of France as Philip VI.
Droger
charles4-maille-blanche-2.JPG
Dy.243A Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 2ond emission22 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 2ond emission (07/1324)

Silver (798 ‰), 1.74 g, diameter 21-22 mm, die axis 10h
O: inner circle: +(spade)kAROLVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT(ring)nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm(ring); châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis, the top one being between 2 dots, which is characteristic of the 2ond emission




Droger
charles4-maille-blanche-3eme.JPG
Dy.243D Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 3rd emission10 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 3rd emission (07/23/1326)

Silver (718 ‰), 1.64 g, diameter 22 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +kAROLVS(square)RE•X•; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT(ring)nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis, the top one being between 2 dots

The RE•X• on the reverse is characteristic of the 3rd emission. Most of the time, the top fleur-de-lis is also surrounded by two dots, similarly to the 2ond emission.



Droger
charles4-double-parisis.JPG
Dy.244C Charles IV (the Fair): double Parisis, 3rd emission44 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Double parisis, 3rd emission (07/24/1326)

Billon (319 ‰), 1.10 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 3h
O: +kAROLVS REX(clover); crown with fleur-de-lis and a small ring below
R: +mOnETA DVPLEX; cross with fleur-de-lis

2 commentsDroger
philippe6-gros-couronne-1ere.JPG
Dy.262 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 1st emission7 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 1st emission (01/01/1337)

Silver (851 ‰), 2.51 g, diameter 25 mm, die axis 5h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

Philip VI is the first non direct capetian king. He was the cousin of the 3 previous kings.
The Gros tournois hadn't changed since its creation by Saint Louis. During Philip VI's reign, 3 new types of Gros were struck, with lighter weight and less silver. These monetary difficulties may be related to the premisses of the One Hundred Years' war and French military defeats.

The 3 bullets in the chatel (without any star below) are characteristic of the 1st emission.
Droger
philippe6-gros-couronne-2eme.JPG
Dy.262A1 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 2ond emission30 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 2ond emission (10/31/1338)

Silver (639 ‰), 2.44 g, diameter 23 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm(T); châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside and a star below; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis
(slightly double struck) reverse

The 3 bullets in the chatel and the star below are characteristic of the 2ond emission.
Droger
philippe6-gros-couronne-3eme.JPG
Dy.262B Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 3rd emission25 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 3rd emission (01/29/1340)

Silver (559 ‰), 2.33 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 3h
O: inner circle: PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 2x inside and a ringlet below; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

As expected, the silver percentage is lower than for the previous emission.
The 2 x in the chatel (quite hard to distinguish !) and the ringlet below are characteristic of the 3rd emission.
Droger
philippe6-gros-couronne-4eme.JPG
Dy.262C Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 4th emission17 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 4th emission (04/06/1340)

White billon (479 ‰), 2.16 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 3h
O: inner circle: PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée and 4 ringlets at its boundaries; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown and 2 fleurs-de-lis, with a ring inside; a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis and a small cross

The silver content goes on lowering.
The ring in the chatel is characteristic of the 4th emission.
Droger
philippe6-gros-lis.JPG
Dy.263 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la fleur de lis, 2ond emission ?11 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la fleur de lis (3 emissions between 1341 and 1343)

White billon (479 ‰), 2.50 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 6h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS.REX; cross pattée with a fleur-de-lis in the NE quadrant; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; fleur-de-lis; outer circle: a circle of 10 fleur-de-lis

The 3 emissions are very similar, the weight is the only difference. This coin may belong to the 2ond emission.
Droger
philippe6-grosalaqueue.JPG
Dy.265 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la queue33 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la queue (09/27/1348 and 01/15/1349)

White billon (479 ‰), 3.33 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 6h
O: inner circle: (crown)PhILIP-PVS.REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV⋮XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS.CIVIS; châtel tournois with 3 archs under a crown; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This Gros was struck at the end of Philip's reign and contains a quite small amount of silver.
Droger
postume-herc-devsoniensi~0.JPG
RIC.64 Postumus: antoninianus (Herc Devsoniensi)9 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Herc Devsoniensi (1st emission, 3rd phase, 261, Trèves)

Billon (200 ‰), 2.40 g, diameter 23 mm, die axis 1h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEVSONIENSI; Hercules standing right, leaning on club, holding bow and lion's skin

EG.15
Droger
postume-herc-pacifero.JPG
RIC.67 Postumus: antoninianus (Herc Pacifero)44 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Herc Pacifero (2ond emission, 2ond phase, 262, Trèves)

Billon (200 ‰), 3.37 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 7h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC-PA-CIFERO; Hercules, standing left, holding olive branch, club and lion’s skin

Curious Postumus' big nose.

EG.27
2 commentsDroger
postume-herc-devsoniensi.JPG
RIC.66 Postumus: antoninianus (Herc Devsoniensi)10 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Felicitas Avg (3rd emission, 1st phase, 263-265, Trèves)

Billon (150 ‰), 4.09 g, diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 7 h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEV-SONIENSI; Hercules standing left in temple of four columns, leaning on club and holding lion's skin


EG.40
Droger
edilred2-denier-crux.JPG
S.1148 Aethelred II (crux penny, Winchester)17 viewsAethelred II, king of the English (978-1013 and 1014-1016)
Crux penny (moneyer: Brithmaer, mint: Winchester)

A/ +ΛEDELRED REX ΛNGLR X (AE and NG ligated) around central circle enclosing diademed & draped bust left holding a scepter
R/ BYRTHMΛER M-O PIN (AR ligated) around central circle containing voided cross with pellet center, C R V X in angles

silver, 1.65 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h
1 commentsDroger
aethelred2-long-cross.JPG
S.1151 Aethelred II (long cross penny, Winchester)8 viewsAethelred II, king of the English (978-1013 and 1014-1016)
Long cross penny (moneyer: Godwine, mint: Canterbury, 997-1003)

A/ +ΛEDELRED REX ΛNGLO (AE and NG ligated) around central circle enclosing draped bust left
R/ +GODE-PINE-MΩO-CΛENT (NE and ΛE ligated) ; long voided cross with terminal lunettes

silver, 1.65 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h
Droger
cnut-pointed-helmet.JPG
S.1158 Cnut (pointed helmet penny, London)17 viewsCnut, king of England (1016-1035)
Pointed helmet penny (moneyer: Edwerd, mint: London, 1024-1030)

A/ +CNVT: - RECX A: around central circle enclosing bust in pointed helmet left holding scepter
R/ +ELEDERD ON LV(ND): around central circle enclosing quarters of short voided cross with circles in centre

silver, 1.04 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 7h

Peck marks are very common on these pennies. A large part of them was minted in order to pay the danegeld (tax raised to pay tribute to Vikings to save a land from their raids). These peck marks are supposed to have been made by Danes when checking the penny was in good silver.

1 commentsDroger
raoul-denier-paris.JPG
D.774 Rudolph (denier, Paris)9 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Paris)

Silver, 1.13 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 11h

O/ +CRATIA DI REX; monogram
R/ + / PΛRISI / CIVITΛ / +

Rudolph was elected king of Franks by noblemen in 923, after his father-in-law (Robert I)'s death.

Although Rudolph wasn't a carolingian, his coinage used a monogram.This monogram is clearly inspired by the habitual KRLS monogram. The letters seem to be R(?)DFS. Anyway, the F on the bottom can be cleary distinguished, and this coin can be attributed to Rudolph.

Droger
raoul-denier-orleans.JPG
D.733 Rudolph (denier, Orléans)8 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Orléans)

Silver, 1.27 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +CRΛTIΛ D-I REX; monogram RDFS (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛ cross pattée

This monogram is clearly an imitation of the tradition KRLS Charles' one. As often in Orléans' coinage, the I after an L in Avrelianis is in the angle of the L.
Droger
raoul-orleans.JPG
D.abs Rudolph (denier, Orléans)49 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Orléans)

Silver, 1.14 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 11h

O/ +CRΛTI[Λ D-I R]EX; monogram (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛ cross pattée

Same monogram as the previous coin minted in Château-Landon.
Same conclusions: according to Dumas, this coinage may have been struck after Rudolph's dead, by Hugh the Great.

As often in Orléans' coinage, the I after an L in Avrelianis is in the angle of the L.
Droger
guillaume1-penny-paxs.JPG
S.1257 William I the Conqueror (PAXS penny, London)15 viewsWilliam I the Conqueror, king of England (1066-1087)
PAXS penny (moneyer: Alfred, mint: London, 1083-1086?)

A/ +PILLELM RE; crowned bust facing, sceptre to right; clasp on shoulder
R/ +IELFRE ON LVNDN; cross with the letters PAXS in circles in the angles

silver, 1.40 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 6h

This type may have been struck by William II, son of William I.


2 commentsDroger
lg004_quad_sm.jpg
"As de Nîmes" or "crocodile" Ӕ dupondius of Nemausus (9 - 3 BC), honoring Augustus and Agrippa29 viewsIMP DIVI F , Heads of Agrippa (left) and Augustus (right) back to back, Agrippa wearing rostral crown and Augustus the oak-wreath / COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm-shoot with short dense fronds and tip right; two short palm offshoots left and right below, above on left a wreath with two long ties streaming right.

Ӕ, 24.5 x 3+ mm, 13.23g, die axis 3h; on both sides there are remains of what appears to be gold plating, perhaps it was a votive offering? Rough edges and slight scrapes on flan typical for this kind of coin, due to primitive technology (filing) of flan preparation.

IMPerator DIVI Filius. Mint of COLonia NEMausus (currently Nîmes, France). Known as "As de Nîmes", it is actually a dupontius (lit. "two-pounder") = 2 ases (sometimes cut in halves to get change). Dupondii were often made out of a golden-colored copper alloy (type of brass) "orichalcum" and this appears to be such case.

Key ID points: oak-wreath (microphotography shows that at least one leaf has a complicated shape, although distinguishing oak from laurel is very difficult) – earlier versions have Augustus bareheaded, no PP on obverse as in later versions, no NE ligature, palm with short fronds with tip right (later versions have tip left and sometimes long fronds). Not typical: no clear laurel wreath together with the rostral crown, gold plating (!), both features really buffling.

But still clearly a "middle" kind of the croc dupondius, known as "type III": RIC I 158, RPC I 524, Sear 1730. It is often conservatively dated to 10 BC - 10 AD, but these days it is usually narrowed to 9/8 - 3 BC.

It is a commemorative issue, honoring the victory over Mark Antony and conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. The heads of Augustus and Agrippa were probably positioned to remind familiar obverses of Roman republican coins with two-faced Janus. Palm branch was a common symbol of victory, in this case grown into a tree, like the victories of Augustus and Agrippa grown into the empire. The two offshoots at the bottom may mean two sons of Agrippa, Gaius and Lucius, who were supposed to be Augustus' heirs and were patrons of the colony. Palm may also be a symbol of the local Nemausian deity, which was probably worshiped in a sacred grove. When these coins were minted, the colony was mostly populated by the settled veterans of Augustus' campaigns, hence the reminiscence of the most famous victory, but some of the original Celtic culture probably survived and was assimilated by Romans. The crocodile is not only the symbol of Egypt, like in the famous Octavian's coins AEGYPTO CAPTA. It is also a representation of Mark Antony, powerful and scary both in water and on land, but a bit slow and stupid. The shape of the crocodile with tail up was specifically chosen to remind of the shape of ship on very common "legionary" denarius series, which Mark Antony minted to pay his armies just before Actium. It is probably also related to the popular contemporary caricature of Cleopatra, riding on and simultaneously copulating with a crocodile, holding a palm branch in her hand as if in triumph. There the crocodile also symbolized Mark Antony.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was born c. 64-62 BC somewhere in rural Italy. His family was of humble and plebeian origins, but rich, of equestrian rank. Agrippa was about the same age as Octavian, and the two were educated together and became close friends. He probably first served in Caesar's Spanish campaign of 46–45 BC. Caesar regarded him highly enough to send him with Octavius in 45 BC to train in Illyria. When Octavian returned to Rome after Caesar's assassination, Agrippa became his close lieutenant, performing many tasks. He probably started his political career in 43 BC as a tribune of the people and then a member of the Senate. Then he was one of the leading Octavian's generals, finally becoming THE leading general and admiral in the civil wars of the subsequent years.

In 38 as a governor of Transalpine Gaul Agrippa undertook an expedition to Germania, thus becoming the first Roman general since Julius Caesar to cross the Rhine. During this foray he helped the Germanic tribe of Ubii (who previously allied themselves with Caesar in 55 BC) to resettle on the west bank of the Rhine. A shrine was dedicated there, possibly to Divus Caesar whom Ubii fondly remembered, and the village became known as Ara Ubiorum, "Altar of Ubians". This quickly would become an important Roman settlement. Agrippina the Younger, Agrippa's granddaughter, wife of Emperor Claudius and mother of Emperor Nero, would be born there in 15 AD. In 50 AD she would sponsor this village to be upgraded to a colonia, and it would be renamed Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (colony of Claudius [at] the Altar of Agrippinians – Ubii renamed themselves as Agrippinians to honor the augusta!), abbreviated as CCAA, later to become the capital of new Roman province, Germania Inferior.

In 37 BC Octavian recalled Agrippa back to Rome and arranged for him to win the consular elections, he desperately needed help in naval warfare with Sextus Pompey, the youngest son of Pompey the Great, who styled himself as the last supporter of the republican cause, but in reality became a pirate king, an irony since his father was the one who virtually exterminated piracy in all the Roman waters. He forced humiliating armistice on the triumvirs in 39 BC and when Octavian renewed the hostilities a year later, defeated him in a decisive naval battle of Messina. New fleet had to be built and trained, and Agrippa was the man for the job. Agrippa's solution was creating a huge secret naval base he called Portus Iulius by connecting together lakes Avernus, Avernus and the natural inner and outer harbors behind Cape Misenum at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples. He also created a larger type of ship and developed a new naval weapon: harpax – a ballista-launched grapnel shot with mechanisms that allowed pulling enemy ships close for easy boarding. It replaced the previous boarding device that Romans used since the First Punic War, corvus – effective, but extremely cumbersome. A later defence against it were scythe blades on long poles for cutting ropes, but since this invention was developed in secret, the enemy had no chance to prepare anything like it. It all has proved extremely effective: in a series of naval engagements Agrippa annihilated the fleet of Sextus, forced him to abandon his bases and run away. For this Agrippa was awarded an unprecedented honour that no Roman before or after him received: a rostral crown, "corona rostrata", a wreath decorated in front by a prow and beak of a ship.

That's why Virgil (Aeneid VIII, 683-684), describing Agrippa at Actium, says: "…belli insigne superbum, tempora navali fulgent rostrata corona." "…the proud military decoration, gleams on his brow the naval rostral crown". Actium, the decisive battle between forces of Octavian and Mark Antony, may appear boring compared to the war with Sextus, but it probably turned out this way due to Agrippa's victories in preliminary naval engagements and taking over all the strategy from Octavian.

In between the wars Agrippa has shown an unusual talent in city planning, not only constructing many new public buildings etc., but also greatly improving Rome's sanitation by doing a complete overhaul of all the aqueducts and sewers. Typically, it was Augustus who later would boast that "he had found the city of brick but left it of marble", forgetting that, just like in his naval successes, it was Agrippa who did most of the work. Agrippa had building programs in other Roman cities as well, a magnificent temple (currently known as Maison Carrée) survives in Nîmes itself, which was probably built by Agrippa.

Later relationship between Augustus and Agrippa seemed colder for a while, Agrippa seemed to even go into "exile", but modern historians agree that it was just a ploy: Augustus wanted others to think that Agrippa was his "rival" while in truth he was keeping a significant army far away from Rome, ready to come to the rescue in case Augustus' political machinations fail. It is confirmed by the fact that later Agrippa was recalled and given authority almost equal to Augustus himself, not to mention that he married Augustus' only biological child. The last years of Agrippa's life were spent governing the eastern provinces, were he won respect even of the Jews. He also restored Crimea to Roman Empire. His last service was starting the conquest of the upper Danube, were later the province of Pannonia would be. He suddenly died of illness in 12 BC, aged ~51.

Agrippa had several children through his three marriages. Through some of his children, Agrippa would become ancestor to many subsequent members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He has numerous other legacies.
Yurii P
rjb_2011_01_01~0.jpg
"Boulogne" (VI) 14a38 viewsDiocletianus
AE Follis
Obv: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Laureate bust right
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
-/-//-
Uncertain continental mint (Boulogne?) operating around the time of the British invasion
RIC (VI) Lyon 14a
mauseus
AUGUSTUS_COMMEM_LIVIA~0.jpg
(00040) LIVIA (WITH AUGUSTUS)43 views(wife of Augustus; mother of Tiberius; grandmother of Claudius)
b. 58 BC - d. 29 AD
AUGUSTUS (COMMEMORATIVE, POSTHUMOUS)
UNDER TIBERIUS, 15 - 26 AD
AE 27mm 9.86g
O: RAD HEAD L, STAR ABOVE
R: LIVIA STD R, FEET ON STOOL, HLDG PATERA/ S-C
ROME
laney
normal_tiberius_denarius_res_trib~0.jpg
(00040a) LIVIA (with Tiberius)34 views(wife of Augustus; mother of Tiberius; grandmother of Claudius)
b. 58 BC - d. 29 AD
minted 18 - 35 AD
AR Denarius ("Tribute Penny")
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS; laureate head right
R: PONTIF MAXIM; Livia as Pax, seated right on throne with ornate legs, holding long scepter and olive branch; single line below
Lugdunum mint
RIC 30, RSC 16a
laney
tiberius_and_livia_resb~0.jpg
(00040b) LIVIA (with Tiberius)25 viewsb. 58 BC - d. 29 AD
(wife of Augustus; mother of Tiberius; grandmother of Claudius)
struck 14-37 AD
AE 19mm, 8.82 g
O: Laureate head of Tiberius right
R: Veiled and draped bust of Livia r., wearing stephane
Macedonia, Thessalonica; cf RPC 1570
laney
normal_galba_diva_aug_b_res~0.jpg
(00040C) LIVIA (with Galba)25 views(wife of Augustus; mother of Tiberius; grandmother of Claudius; b. 58 BC - d. 29 AD)
struck 68 - 69 AD (posthumous issue)
AR Denarius 3.15 g
O: IMP SER GALBA CAESAR AVG laureate head right
R: DIVA AVGVSTA Livia standing right, holding patera and scepter
Rome, RIC 186
laney
antonia.jpg
(0010) ANTONIA55 views(daughter of Mark Antony; mother of Claudius; grandmother of Caligula)
b. ca. 36 BC, d. 37 AD
AE ORICHALCUM DUPONDIUS 28.5 11.98 g
STRUCK BY CLAUDIUS, ca. 50 - 54 AD
O: ANTONIA AVGVSTA, bare-headed bust right, hair in long plait
R: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP (P P) S C, Claudius veiled and togate, standing left, holding simpulum
RIC 1 104
laney
antoniadx.jpg
(0010) ANTONIA7 viewsANTONIA
(daughter of Mark Antony; mother of Claudius; grandmother of Caligula)
b. ca. 36 BC, d. 37 AD
AE ORICHALCUM DUPONDIUS 28.5 11.98 g
STRUCK BY CLAUDIUS, ca. 50 - 54 AD
O: ANTONIA AVGVSTA, bare-headed bust right, hair in long plait
R: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP (P P) S C, Claudius veiled and togate, standing left, holding simpulum
RIC 1 104
laney
NERVA_HANDS.jpg
(0096) NERVA62 views96 - 98 AD
AE As 26 mm 10.09 g
O: BUST RIGHT
R: 2 CLASPED HANDS, SC BELOW
laney
boar.jpg
(0098) TRAJAN--BOAR28 views98 - 117 AD
AE QUADRANS 2.96 g 14 mm
IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG
O: HEAD OF BEARDED HERACLES RIGHT
R: BOAR STANDING RIGHT, SC BELOW
RCV I 3248
(ex Aegean Numasmatics)
laney
btrajan_wolf_copy.jpg
(0098) TRAJAN--WOLF #147 views98 - 117 AD
AE QUADRANS 16 mm 3.54 g
O: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG
LAUR BUST R, FOLDS OF CLOAK ON SHOULDERS
R: S C
SHE-WOLF STANDING R
BM-1060 ROME RIC 692
scarce and unexplained reverse type
(Ex HJBerk from John Twente Animal Collection)
laney
anton_pius_apollo_lizard_slayer.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS37 viewsAugust 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior
AE 21 mm 5.57 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Apollo Sauroktonos (the lizard-slayer) standing right, left knee bent, resting hand on tree on which lizard climbs
Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior
Varbanov 2111 Rare
(naming governor Zeno)

laney
anton_pius_asclep_asia.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS9 views138 - 161 AD
AE 19.6 X 21 mm; 4.64 g
struck ca. 144-158
O: [ΑV ΤΙ ΑΙ ΑΔΡ ΑΝΤΩΝ]ƐΙΝΟС laureate head of Antoninus Pius, r.
R: ƐΠΙ СΤΡ ΚοV[ΑΡΤοV ΤΟ Β ΠƐΡΓ(Α)] Asclepius standing, facing, head, l., holding serpent-staff
Conventus of Pergamum; RPC 3192 temp.;cf. Weisser 580, Cop 482-3, BMC 280

laney
A_PIUS_CADU_RES.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS (as Caesar)28 views138 - 161 AD
Struck 138 AD (as Caesar)
AE 27 mm 10.75 g
O: IMP T AELIVS CAESAR ANTONINVS , laureate head right
R: TRIB POT COS S-C , Clasped hands holding grain ears & caduceus
RIC II 1088
laney
aur_and_ver_res2.jpg
(0161) MARCUS AURELIUS27 views161 - 180 AD
Struck 161 - 162 AD
AE Dupondius, 25 mm 10.87 g
O: IMP CAES M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG P M, Radiate head right.
R: CONCORD AVGVSTOR TR P XVI COS III, Aurelius and Verus facing each other, clasping hands.
Ref: RIC 828
laney
marcus_aurel_herc_res.jpg
(0161) MARCUS AURELIUS20 views161 - 180 AD
AE 17.5 mm, 3.02 g
O: Bust right
R: Herakles standing, holding club and lionskin
laney
m_a__with_l_v_w.jpg
(0161) MARCUS AURELIUS 13 views161 - 180 AD
Struck 161 - 162 AD
AE Dupondius, 25 mm 9.90 g
O: Radiate of M. Aurelius head right.
R: CONCORD AVGVSTOR TR P XVI COS III, Aurelius and Verus facing each other, clasping hands.
cf: RIC 828
laney
m_aurel_with_verus.jpg
(0161) MARCUS AURELIUS5 views161 – 180 AD
(struck soon after his accession, 161-162)
AE 25 mm, 9.89 g
O: Bare head right
R: [CONCORD AVGVSTOR…] Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus standing, clasping hands.
Rome; cf RIC 830 ff
laney
COMMODUS_HERC.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS36 views177 - 192 AD
AE 24 mm 10.71 g
O: Commodus as Hercules, in lion skin headdress
R: HER-CVL/RO-MAN/AV-VG/S-C in 4 lines with Club in center, within laurel wreath
Rome; RIC III 644
laney
chrysoroas_res.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS20 views177 - 192 AD
AE 17 X 18 mm; 3.70 g
O: Laureate bearded head right
R: River god Chrysoroas reclining right, holding cornucopia and grain ears; XPYCO_ beneath
Damascus, Coele-Syria; cf Lindren III 1256
laney
commodus_crescent.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS -- MESOPOTAMIA, CARRHAE77 views177 - 192 AD
AE 22 mm 6.64 g
O: AVT K MANTWK[?]OCCEE (legend counterclockwise)
Commodus, Bust R
R: AVPHΛIΩN KAPPHN ΦIΛΩPΩM [AIΩN…]
Crescent, fillets tied in bows below
(no longer in collection)
UNRECORDED
laney
commodus_aug_tria_b.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--AUGUSTA TRAIANA37 views177 - 192 AD
struck 191-192 AD
AE 29.5 mm; 15.36 g
Magistrate: L. Aemilius Iustus (Legatus Augusti pro praetore provinciae Thraciae)
O: AV KAI [M] AV KOMOΔOC (or similar) Laureate bust right
R: ΗΓΕ Λ ΑΙΜ ΙΟVСΤ ΑVΓΟVСΤΗС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΗС City gate with 3 towers
Thrace, Augusta Traiana
cf RPC online 10823, citing a Freeman & Sear sale of 2005, without picture.
Note: (from C. Clay, 3.21.2015) "Governor Aem. Justus is rare at this mint, yours may be just the second specimen recorded. Not known to Varbanov, or to Stein in his 1926 monograph on Thracian officials. Apparently not in Schoenert-Geiss's Augusta Traiana corpus, or Varbanov would have known it from there."
d.s.
laney
COMMODUS_NIKO_HYG_ASC.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--NIKOPOLIS AD ISTRUM19 views177 - 192 AD
AE 28 mm; 10.89 g
O: Laureate head of Commodus right
R: Hygieia standing, r., feeding serpent from patera; to r., Asclepius standing, facing, head, l., holding serpent-staff
Moesia Inferior, Nicopolis ad Istrum; AMNG 1234

laney
commodus_odessos.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--ODESSOS31 views177-192 AD
struck ca 182 - 184
Æ 25mm, 7.72 g
O: AVT K M AVP ANT KOMODOCLaureate head of Commodus, facing right (countermark near ear?)
R: ODHCC EITRN, Great God of Odessus standing left, holding cornucopiae and patera, a lit altar at his feet.
Thrace, Odessos; Moushmov 1592
d.s.
laney
clodius_albinus_denarius_res.jpg
(0193) CLODIUS ALBINUS29 views193 - 195 AD
AR Denarius 17 mm, 2.47 g
O: D CLOD SEPT ALBIN CAES; bare bust of Clodius Albinus right
R.: MINER PA-CIF COS II; Minerva standing left, holding olive branch in right hand, spear in left hand, and resting on shield
Rome; RIC IV 7
laney
julia_domna.jpg
(0193) JULIA DOMNA36 views(wife of Septimius Severus; mother of emperors Geta and Caracalla)
193 - 211 AD
AE 20 4.19 g
O: IOVLIA DOMNA C
DRAPED BUST RIGHT
R: DIONYCOPOLEITWN; B IN LEFT FIELD
HERACLES HOLDING CLUB AND APPLES OF HESPERIDES
Dionysopolis. Moesia Inferior
Varbanov (Eng.) 474, R4
laney
domna_herak_diosynop_a.jpg
(0193) JULIA DOMNA (Dionysopolis)20 views193 - 217 AD
AE 18.5 mm; 3.95 g
O: Laureate, draped bust right
R: Herakles standing facing, head right, resting on club and holding lionskin over arm, B in lower right field.
Moesia Inferior, Dionysopolis mint
Varbanov 470; Moushmov 92
laney
sept_sev_nik_river_god_res.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS29 views193 - 211 AD
AE 27 mm 10,50 g
O: ΑΥ Κ Λ CΕΠ CΕΥΗΡΟC Π Laureate head right
R: [ΥΠ ΑΥΡ] ΓΑΛΛΟΥ ΝΕΙΚ[ΟΠ ΠΡΟ]C ΙC, Bearded River-god reclining left, right hand outstretched toward tree, left arm resting on urn from which river waters flow
Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior; cf Varbanov 2616, rare (R5)
laney
sept_sev_herak_beig_res.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS36 views193-211 AD
AE 25.5 mm, 8.66 g
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
O: AVT L CEPT -[ CEVHR PER] laureate head right
R: VP AV[R GALLOV] [NIKOPOLI]TWN / PROC ICTR; bow in exe; Cretan Bull with uplifted forelegs and raised tail left; Herakles, nude, running beside him left, grasping s the bull's horns to subdue him; club on ground behind Herakles’ right foot
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1309; b) Varbanov (engl.) 2710 corr. (doesn't mention club and bow)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 8.14.14.25
d) Voegtli type 4m; Stoll, Herakles 39
Rare
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
laney
septim_philippop_herakles.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS17 views193 - 211 AD
AE 28 mm; 14.51 g
O: AYT K Λ CEΠTI CEYHPOC ΠEP Laureate head right.
R: HΓE CT[A BAPBAPOY] ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEITΩN Herakles standing right, holding lion's skin and resting on club.
cf Varbanov 1167 var.
laney
sept_diony.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS25 views193 - 211 AD
AE 27 mm; 13.25 g
O: Laureate draped bust right
R: Dionysos standing left, holding thrysos and grape cluster
Unknown provincial mint
d.s.
laney
septimius_cretan_bull_x.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS18 views193-211 AD
AE 25.5 mm, 8.66 g
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
O: AVT L CEPT -[ CEVHR PER] laureate head right
R: VP AV[R GALLOV] [NIKOPOLI]TWN Cretan Bull with uplifted forelegs and raised tail left; Herakles, nude, running beside him left, grasping s the bull's horns to subdue him; club on ground behind Herakles’ right foot; PPOC ICTP and bow in exergue.
MOESIA INFERIOR. Nicopolis ad Istrum; AMNG I 1309. Varbanov 2134. Voegtli type 4m. Stoll, Herakles 39. Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 8.14.14.25 Very rare
laney
septimius_eagle_nik.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS15 views193-211 AD
AE 15.6 mm max., 2.90 g
O: Laureate bust right
R: Eagle, wings closed, stg. l., head with wreath in beak turned r.
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
laney
septim_nik_herak_patera_club_skin.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS15 views193-211 AD
AE 19 mm, 3.19 g
O: AVK - [CEVHROC] Laureate head right
R:NIKOPOL - I PROC ICT Herakles, standing facing with head left holding club and lion-skin in left arm and patera in outstretched right hand
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum; ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1388 (1 ex., Paris); Varbanov (engl.) 2297; Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. 8.14.14.23
Rare type with Herakles holding patera
laney
sept_sev_coel_blk.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS (HELIOPOLIS)42 views193 - 211 AD
AE 24 X 26 mm, 9.84 g
O: Radiate head right
R: GETA - ANT Geta and Caracalla in togas, facing each other and clasping hands; CO/EL between
Heliopolis, Coele-Syria Lindgren III, 71, 1274; very rare
laney
septim_diony_retrograde_leg_b.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS (Retrograde Reverse Legend)25 views193-211 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.41 g
(struck under governor Aurelius Gallus)
O: [AV KL] CEP - CEVHRO[C P] Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
R: VP AVR GALL - OV NIKOPOLIT / PROC I (retrograde, beginning at 5 o'clock, counterclockwise)
Dionysos, nude, wearing boots, standing left, resting with raised left hand on thyrsos, lowered right hand holding kantharos and pouring
wine
ref. a) not in AMNG
obv. AMNG I/1, 1304
rev. legend not in AMNG
AMNG I/1, 1306 (depiction)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. 8.14.8.8
d) Blancon list 43, 2003
Nikocopolis ad Istrum; very rare
(one of the rare coins with retrograde legend)
laney
caracalla_topiros_herak.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA32 views198 - 217 AD
struck 211 - 217 AD
AE 23.5 mm; 9.35 g
O: AVT K M AV ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right monogram on shoulder
R:OVΛΠIAC TOΠIPOV, naked figure of Herakles seated left on rock covered with lion's skin, holding club in extended right hand, resting left hand on rock
Thrace, Topiros (Topirus); cf BMC 6; Moushmov 4979
laney
carac_herac_apples.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA27 views198 - 217 AD
struck 201 - 203 AD (under legatus consularis Aurelius Gallus)
AE26 Tetrassarion 25 x 26 mm; 9.92 g
O: AV K M AV ANTΩNINO Laureaet bust of Caracalla draped in paludamentum, right
R: VΠ AV ΓAΛΛOV NIKOΠOΛIT Herakles Farnese standing right, right hand behind back (hides the "Apples of the Hesperides"), resting on club set on rock, ΠPOCI beneath
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum mint; Hristova/Jekov No.8.18.14.6, not listed in AMNG also not listed in Varbanov. Rare

laney
caracalla_pautalia_temple.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA (Pautalia)25 views198 – 217 AD
(struck 202-203 under Governor Sicinnius Clarus)
AE 28 mm, 12.20 g
O: AΥ K M AΥΡ – ANTΩNINOΣ Laureate draped bust right
R: .: HΓ ΣIKINNIO-Υ KΛAΡ OΥ/ΛΠIAΣ / ΠAΥTAΛIAΣ Asklepios with snake-encoiled rod standing in tetrastyle temple; snake in gable, tree in left field
Thrace, Pautalia; Ruzicka, Pautalia ¬; Varbanov, GIC II, 4958 (rare)
laney
carh_cara_geta_b_res.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA AND GETA50 viewsca. 208 - 211 AD
AE 18.7mm, 4.45 g
O: confronted busts of laureate, draped, cuirassed Caracalla, on left: and bare-headed, draped Geta, on right.
R: star of eight rays within crescent, legend around crescent
Mesopotamia, Carrhae mint; cf. BMC p. 87, 45-8; SNG Cop -; Weber -; McClean -; very rare
laney
thrace_augus_rhoem_1.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS15 viewsca. 11 BC - 12 AD
AE 18 mm; 5.13 g
O: Diademed head of Rhoemetalces I (client King of Thrace) right;
R: Bare head of Augustus right;
Thrace; RPC I-1718; SNG Cop 1192; BMC 7-9
laney
Diadumenian08_08_10.jpg
(0217) DIADUMENIAN37 views217-218 AD
struck 218 AD
AE 27 mm 11.84 g
O: [K M] OPPEL ANTWNI DIADOVM[ENIANOC], bare head right
R: VII AGRIPPA NIKOPOLITWN PROC ICTR, Zeus seated left holding patera and scepter
Legate Marcus Claudius Agrippa
Moushmov 1327
Nikopolis, Moesia Inferior
laney
diadum_nimb_snake_res.jpg
(0217) DIADUMENIAN (as Caesar)51 views217-218 AD (Marcus Claudius Agrippa, legatus consularis)
AE 27 mm; 12.64 g
O: K M OΠΠEΛ ANTΩNI ∆IA∆OYMENIANOC Bareheaded bust right, slight drapery
R: VΠ AΓPIΠΠA NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPO C ICTPCoiled serpent, radiate and nimbate head right (Agathodaemon)
Moesia Inferior, Nicopolis ad Istrum
Varbanov 3659 var.; H&J Nikopolis 8.25.22.1
laney
elagabal_antioch_blk_ewa.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS25 views218 - 222 AD
AE 16 mm, 3.01 g
O: Radiate, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind
R: Large SC, K above, A below; all within plain circle surrounded by laurel wreath of eight elements, with wreath fastened at top with garland.
Mcalee 798 (otherwise apparently unpublished); extremely rare.
Syria, Antioch
laney
ELAGABAL_GRAPES_RES.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS20 views218-222 AD
17.5 mm, 2.97 g
O: Laureate head right
R: MARKIANOPOLITWN cluster of grapes on stalk
Markianopolis
laney
gordian_serap_ascl.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III20 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.98 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III, facing bust of Serapis. (confronted busts)
R: Asklepios standing facing, head left, holding serpent-entwined staff; E in right field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; cf Varbanov 1954 var.
laney
gordian_serapis_asclep_mark_c.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III13 views238 - 244 AD
AE 28 mm, 10.65 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III, facing bust of Serapis. (confronted busts)
R: Asklepios standing facing, head left, holding serpent-entwined staff; E in right field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; cf Varbanov 1954 var.
laney
gord_serap_confr.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III13 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27.5 mm, 10.22 g
O: Confronted draped busts of Gordian III and Serapis
R: Herakles standing facing, nude, holding club, lion's skin and Apples of the Hesperides. T/W in right field; E in left field.
Moesia, Markianopolis; cf Pick 1151; Varbanov 1987
laney
gord_serapes_aescl.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III -- MARKIANOPOLIS77 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm 13.54 g
O: M ANT GORDIANOS AVG
LAUR DR CUIR BUST OF GORDIAN R, FACING DR BUST OF SERAPIS WEARING KALATHOS L (confronted busts)
R: VII MHNOFILOV MARKIANOPOLITWN AESKLEPIOS STANDING L HOLDING SNAKE-ENTWINED STAFF. E IN LEFT FIELD
MARKIANOPOLIS (LEGATE TULLIUS MENOPHILUS)
MOUSHMOV 789; Hristova/Jekov No. 6.37.20.3
2 commentslaney
gord_herc.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III --HERCULES23 views238 - 244 AD
BILLON ANT. 21 X 23 mm 4.24 g
O: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVGVSTI
RAD DR BUST R
R: VIRTVTI AVGVST
HERCULES STANDING R LEANING ON CLUB SET ON ROCK
laney
gordian_serap_ascl_odess_27_10_71.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III--Odessos23 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.71 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian right vis-a-vis draped bust of Serapis left, wearing Kalathos and holding cornucopia. (confronted busts)
R: Asklepios standing facing, head left, holding serpent-entwined staff; E in right field.
Moesia Inferior, Odessos mint; Varbanov 4462 var.
laney
pupienus.jpg
(0238) PUPIENUS25 views238 AD
AE Sestertius 30 mm 14.45 g
O: IMP CAES M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust R
R: CONCORDIA AVGG
Concordia seated left, with patera & double cornucopiae
laney
tranquillina_smyrna_res.jpg
(0241) TRANQUILLINA29 views(wife of Gordian III)
241 - 244 AD
AE Diassarion 22 mm 4.69 g
O: FOURI TRANKUILLEINA C, draped bust right
R: CMURNAIWN G NEWKORWN, Herakles, naked, standing left, holding kantharos, club, and lion-skin over arm
Ionia, Smyrna
SNG Cop 1401-1403; BMC 447-450.
laney
gallienus_propug_res.jpg
(0253) GALLIENUS25 views253 - 268 AD
struck 260 - 268 AD
AE antoninianus 21 mm max. 1.98 g
O: [GALLIE]NVS AVG, radiate head right
R: [IOVI P]ROPVGNAT, Jupiter standing facing, nude but for cloak over shoulder, head right, brandishing thunderbolt in right, XI left
RIC V 214, ROME
laney
claudius_ii_aequitas_a.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II (GOTHICUS)40 views268 - 270 AD
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG; Radiate,draped and cuirassed bust right.
R: AEQVITAS AVG: Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopiae
ROME
laney
CLAUDIUS_II.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II (GOTHICUS)27 views268 - 270 AD
AE ANT. 20.5 mm 3.75 g
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG
RAD BUST R
R: MARS VLTOR
MARS WALKING R HOLDING SPEAR AND TROPHY
RIC 66 VAR.
laney
claudius_ii_gothicus_fides_mercury_b_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS26 views268 - 270 AD
AE 19.5 mm, 3.75 g
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped bust right, seen from the back
R: FIDES AVG, Mercury standing left, holding purse and caduceus; Z in exe
Antioch mint
RIC V 207, Antioch var. (bust type); Cohen 83
laney
claud_goth_conser_res~0.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS23 views268 - 270 AD
AE 20mm 3.13 g
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: CONSER AVG Serapis standing left with right hand raised, scepter in left; G in exe
Antioc RIC 201
laney
claudius_gothicus_fides_mercury_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS37 views268 - 270 AD
AE 19.5 mm, 3.75 g
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped bust right, seen from the back
R: FIDES AVG, Mercury standing left, holding purse and caduceus; Z in exe
Antioch mint
RIC V 207, Antioch var. (bust type); Cohen 83
laney
cl_goth_fides_1_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS22 views268 - 270 AD
Struck 268-269 (11th Officina, Issue IIb)
AE 18.5 mm max., 2.36 g
O:[IMP CLA]VDIVS AVG radiate and cuirassed bust right
R: [FIDE]S EXERCI Fides standing facing, head left, holding two signa, one transverse; XI in right field
Rome mint; RIC Vl 34/6
laney
claud_goth_pax_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS25 views268 - 270 AD
AE 20 mm 2.87 g
O: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG Radiate, draped bust r.
R: PAX AVG Pax walking l., holding olive branch and scepter; T in exe
Milan mint
RIC 157a
laney
clau_goth_fortuna_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS17 views268 - 270 AD
AE 19.5 mm, 2.73 g
O: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG radiate bust right
R: FORTVNA REDVX; Fortune standing left; SPQR in exe
Cyzicus mint
RIC 234
laney
clau_goth_fides_b_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS14 views268 - 270 AD
AE 21.5 mm, 2.49 g
O: IMP CLA[VDIVS PF] AVG Radiatedraped bust right
R: FIDES MILIT Fides standing left hold standard in each hand, D in right field
Milan mint; RIC 149
laney
clau_goth_cos_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS18 views268 - 270 AD
AE 19 mm, 2.08 g
O: IMP CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: P M TR P Ii COS P P, Claudius standing right, in military dress, transverse spear in right, globe in left D in right field
RIC V 12
laney
cl_goth_pax_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS21 views268 - 270 AD
AE 19 mm, 2.20 g
Obverse: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG Radiate, draped bust right
Reverse: PAX AVG Pax walking l., holding olive branch and scepter; T in exe.
Milan mint; RIC 157
(EB)
laney
cl_goth_cos_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS13 views268 - 270 AD
AE 18X21 mm, 2.45 g
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG radiate curissed bust right
R: [P M T]RP II COS P P Claudius, togate, holding olive-branch and scepter
(Scarce dated reverse legend for the period; civilian Emperor symbolism was also rather obsolete at the time, expecially with Claudius II)
cf. RIC 5 10ff

laney
cl_goth_uber_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS14 views268 - 270 AD
Silvered AE 17.5 mm 1.80 g
O: IMP CL[AVDIVS A]VG radiate cuirassed bust right
R: VBERITAS A[VG], Uberitas standing left holding purse and cornucopiae, T in right field
(extensive silvering intact)
laney
cl_goth_virt_left_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS20 views268 - 270 AD
AE 19 mm, 2.51 g
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS PF AVG Radiate head right
R: VIRTVS AVG Virtus standing left holding branch and spear.
Rome Mint; RIC V 109
laney
cl_goth_mars_ultor_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS21 views268 - 270 AD
AE 17.5 mm max. 2.47 g
O: IMP CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right;
R: MARS VLTOR, Mars walking right, holding spear in right hand and spear across shoulder in left, H in right field
Rome mint; RIC V 67
(EB)
laney
cl_goth_iovi_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS18 views268 - 270 AD
AE 21 mm 3.30 g
O: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI Jupiter standing left holding spear and thunderbolt, eagle at feet left
(Third--final--Emission. A few (4) are recorded by Gyssen in CENB 1999: Not in RIC)
Cyzicus mint.
laney
claud_ii_alexandria_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS59 views268 - 270 AD
Struck Sept. 268 - Aug. 269 AD (year 1)
Billon Tetradrachm 22 mm 8.62 g
O: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: Eagle standing R, looking back, holding wreath in beak, date AL (year 1) right;
Geissen 3015, Curtis 1670, BMC 2331
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
laney
claudius_ii_fides_2_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS23 views268 - 270 AD
Struck 268 - 269, 11th Officina, Issue IIb
AE Antoninianus 18.5 mm 2.36 g
O: [IMP CLA]VDIUS AVG Radiate and cuirassed bust right
R: [FIDE]S EXERCI Fides standing facing, head left, holding two signa, one transverse; XI in right field.
Rome RIC V 34/6
laney
claud_ii_prov_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS34 views268 - 270 AD
AE Double denarius, 19 mm, 3.26 g
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right.
R: PROVIDENT [AVG], Providentia standing left, leaning on column, holding sceptre and cornucopiae, globe at feet
laney
cl_goth_silvered_ant_virtus.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS11 views268 - 270 AD
Billon antoninianus, silvered. 17 X 19 mm; 2.27 g
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate draped bust right
R: VIRTVS AVG, Virtus (Mars) standing left, holding branch and sceptre, shield left at feet
Rome mint; cf RIC 109
laney
claud_goth_pax.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS11 views268-270 AD
AE Antoninianus 19 mm, 2.12 g
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive branch and transverse sceptre.
laney
claud_ii_snake.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS / SALUS33 views268 - 270 AD
AE 18.5X21 mm 2.98 g
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG
RAD DIAD BUST R, (PELLET BEHIND?)
R: [SALV]S AVG
SALUS STG L FEEDING SNAKE RISING FROM ALTAR
laney
aurelian_concordia_res.jpg
(0270) AURELIAN22 views270 - 275 AD
AE 22X24.5 mm 3.27 g
O: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG radiate cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM, emperor standing right clasping hand of Concordia;S star in exe
laney
QUINTILLUS.jpg
(0270) QUINTILLUS21 views270 AD
AE 18,5 nn 3,10 g
O: IMP M AVG CL QVINTILLVS [PF] AVG
RAD BUST R
R: FORTVNA RDEVX
FORTUNA STANDING L HOLDING RUDDER & GLOBE
(possibly unofficial)
laney
tacitus_aequit_res.jpg
(0275) TACITUS15 views275 - 276 AD
AE 20.5 mm 2.79 g
O: IMP C M CL TACITVS P AVT radiate curissed bust right
R: AEQVITAS AVG Aequitas standing left holding scale and cornucopia; P in right field
laney
TACITUS.jpg
(0275) TACITUS31 views275 - 276 AD
AE SILVERED ANT. 23 mm 4.00 g
O: IMP C M C L TACITVS AVG
RAD DR CUIR BUST R
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP
TACITUS L HOLDING SCIPIO RECRIVING GLOBE FROM JUPITER WHO HOLDS LONG SCEPTER, * IN CENTER FIELD
KA IN EXE
TRIPOLIS RIC 213
(nearly full silvering)
laney
probus_clementia_delta_1.jpg
(0276) PROBUS38 views276 - 282 AD
AE Ant. 20.5 mm 3.85 g
O: IMP C M AVR PROBVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre; Delta in field between; XXI in exe.
Antioch RIC V-2 922.
laney
probus_clementia_z_070210.jpg
(0276) PROBUS32 viewsAD 276-282
AE Ant. 22 mm max. 4.76 g
O: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG - radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP - emperor standing right with scepter, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter, Z between, XXI in exergue.
RIC V, Part II, 922
Antioch
laney
probus_clementia_temp_a_0702.jpg
(0276) PROBUS34 views276 - 282 AD
AE Ant. 20.5 mm 4.01 g
O: IMP C M AVR PROBVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding eagle-tipped sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre; A in lower center; XXI in ex.
Antioch RIC V Part II 922.
(j.Ryan)
laney
probus_b.jpg
(0276) PROBUS25 views276 - 282 AD
AE Antoninianus 20.5 mm, 3.56 g
O: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left holding scepter, S in center, XXI in ex
Antioch mint, RIC V 922
laney
probus_cresc_wht_res.jpg
(0276) PROBUS24 views276 - 282 AD
AE Antoninianus 21 mm, 4.22 g
O: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right receiving globe from jupiter standing left holding scepter, crescent in center
Tripolis mint
laney
probus_clementia_xxi_res.jpg
(0276) PROBUS21 views276 - 282 AD
Silvered Ant. 22X24 mm, 3.84 g Nearly fully silvered
Obv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, holding eagle-tipped scepter
Rev: CLEMENTIA TEMP (pellet)
Emperor standing right, holding scepter, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding scepter
Minted in Tripolis (wreath in top center field, XXI in exe.)
Emission 2 Officina 1. circa A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 927 Bust type C
laney
probus_clementia_resized.jpg
(0276) Probus/Clementia Temp Silvered Ant.40 views276 - 282 AD
Silvered Ant. 22X24 mm, 3.84 g Nearly fully silvered
Obv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, holding eagle-tipped scepter
Rev: CLEMENTIA TEMP (pellet)
Emperor standing right, holding scepter, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding scepter
Minted in Tripolis (wreath in top center field, XXI in exe.)
Emission 2 Officina 1. circa A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 927 Bust type C

laney
numerian_clement_res.jpg
(0283) NUMERIAN35 views283 - 284 AD
Billon Antoninianus 20 mm 3.4 g
O: NVMERIANVS NOB CAES radiated, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP Emperor standing right holding scepter and receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter standing left holding spear; A between; XXI in exe
Cyzicus mint; RIC V ii 372 p 190; VM-3 p. 264; c: VB1
(ex-Forum)
laney
diocletian_E.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN66 views284 - 305 AD
AE Ant. 21 mm 3.48 g
Obverse: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter presenting Victory on globe to Diocletian, Epsilon below
XII in exe
Antioch
(J.Ryan)
laney
DIOCLETIAN_CONCORDIA_B.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN57 views284 - 305 AD
(struck 290 AD)
AE Ant. 3.64 g 21 mm
O: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM; Diocletian standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter. B in field between them
XXI dot in ex.
Siscia
RIC-256, C-33
(J.Ryan)

laney
DIOCL_IOVI_CON.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN39 views284 - 305 AD
AE 21.5 mm 3.25 g
Obverse: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter presenting Victory on globe to Diocletian, ED below
XII in exe
laney
diocletian_iov_et_herc_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN36 views284 - 305 AD
Struck 285 AD
AE Antoninianus 22 mm max., 2.88 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG - Jupiter standing right holding sceptre and globe, facing Hercules, standing left, with lionskin and club, and holding victory on globe; crescent over G in lower center, XXI in ex
Antioch mint


laney
dioc_iovi_cons_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN38 views284 - 305 AD
Silvered AD Ant. 20 X 23 mm 3.54 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG radiate draped bust right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG Emperor standing receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter; crescent over Z between; XXI in exe.
Antioch mint
laney
diocletian_concor_2_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN36 views284 - 305 AD
struck 295 - 297 AD (as Caesar)
AE 21 mm 2.2 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG radiate cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILILTVM Jupiter preseinging Victory on globe to emperor; KG between
Cyzicus mint
laney
dioclet_conc_1_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN29 views284 - 305 AD
AE Ant. 21 mm 4.91 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG radiate draped bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM Emperor standing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing lert; B below; XXI in exe.
Cyzicus mint
laney
diocl_concord_hd_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN34 views284 - 305 AD
AE Ant. 21 MM, 2.62 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM Emperor standing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left; HD below
laney
diocletian_conserv_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN30 views (0284) DIOCLETIAN
284 - 305 AD
struck 289-290 AD
AE 21.5 X 24.5 mm, 3.49 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG Emperor and Jupiter standing facing, each holding scepter, sacrificing over tripod;
laney
dioclet_iov_et_herc_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN29 views284 - 305 AD
AE 22.5 >> 3.88 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIAVS P F AVG radiate bust right
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG Jupiter holding globe and Hercules holding Victory facing each other; crescent over E in field between; XXI pellet in exe
Antioch mint
laney
diocletian_vot_fk_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN23 views284 - 305 AD
Struck ca. 303 AD
Post reform radiate AE fraction 20.5 mm, 3.06 g
O: IMP C DIOCLETIANANVS P F AVG; radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
R: VOT/XX/FK, all in wreath
Carthage mint
laney
dioclet_elpis_alexandria.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN28 views284 - 305 AD
Struck 292/293 (Year 9)
AE Tetradrachm 20 mm; 8.18 g
O: DIOKLHTIANOC CEB Laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: ENATOY Elpis advancing left, flower upward in right hand, hitching skirt with left,
L in right field; D in exergue
Egypt-Alexandria, Officina 4; Emmett 4046, Curtis 1990; Milne 5086; BMC 2503; Dattari 5675
laney
diocl_alexandrian_billlon_tet.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN10 views284-305 AD.
Dated Year 3 (286/7 AD)
BI Tetradrachm 17.5 X 19.2 mm; 6.79 g
O: Laureate cuirassed bust right
R: Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae; LΓ (date) to right.
EGYPT, Alexandria.
laney
Diocletian_Iovi_Et_Hercu_Cons_silv_ant.jpg
(0284) Diocletian / Iovi Hercu Conser51 viewsSilvered Ant. 22mm 3.45 g
284 - 305 AD
Obv: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Rad Dr Cuir Bust R
Rev: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG
Jupiter stg R hldg globe and scepter; Hercules stg L hldg Victory, club,& lionskin; crescent over H below
XXI in exe; Antioch RIC V 323
Nearly fully silvered
(J.Ryan)
laney
19289 files on 33 page(s) 1