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Dyrrhachion_Dracma.jpg
ILIRIA - DIRRAQUIO/EPIDAMNOS20 viewsAR dracma 18X16 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: "MENIΣ [KOΣ ]" (Nombre de la Autoridad Monetaria que la acuña), sobre una Vaca a der. mirando a su ternero que se amanta a izq.
Rev: "AYP / ΔIO / [NY] / [ΣIOY]" – Doble Forma estrellada, dividida por dos líneas y rodeada por una doble línea formando un contorno cuadrado.
Los diseños del reverso de Korkyra así como de sus colonias, Apollonia (Apolonia) y Dyrrhachion (Dirraquio), han sido objeto de mucha especulación numismática. Eckhel (Doctrina numorum veterum [Vienna, 1792/3], II:155) aceptó la opinión de Laurentius Beger (Observationes Et Conjecturae In Numismata Quaedam Antiqua [Brandenburg, 1691]), que argumentó que el diseño del reverso representa el jardín de Alkinoos, el mítico rey de Phaiakia, descrito en detalle por el poeta Homero (Od. 7.112-133). Basado en el supuesto de que mítica Phaiakia era la isla de la antigua Korkyra (mod. Corfú), y sabiendo que Korkyrans colonizaron tanto Apollonia y Dyrrhachion, Beger (ya través de él, Eckhel) concluyeron que los elementos centrales eran flores y que el diseño general debe representar tanto el diseño del jardín, o las puertas que conducen a ella. Más tarde, la mayoría de los numismáticos, como Böckh, Müller, Friedlander, y von Sallet, argumentaron que los elementos centrales del diseño eran más como la estrella, mientras que Gardner favoreciendo una interpretación floral, aunque sea como una referencia a Apolo Aristaios o Nomios, no el jardín de ALKINOOS. Más recientemente, Nicolet-Pierre volvió a examinar la cuestión del diseño del reverso en su artículo sobre la moneda arcaica de Korkyra ("À props du monnayage archaïque de Corcyre," SNR 88 [2009], pp. 2-3) y ofreció una nueva interpretación. Tomando nota de un pasaje de Tucídides (3.70.4) en la que ese autor citó la existencia en la isla de un recinto sagrado (temenos) dedicado a Zeus y ALKINOOS, sugirió que el diseño del reverso podría haber sido inspirada por esto, y no en el jardín de ALKINOOS que detalla Homero.

Acuñación: 200 - 30 A.C.
Ceca: Dyrrhachion - Illyria (Hoy Durré en Albania)

Referencias: Sear GCTV Vol.I #1900 var Pag.187 – BMC Vol.7 #62-64 Pag.69 – SNG Copenhagen #467 - Maier #201 - Ceka #320
mdelvalle
sphinx_quad_drach~0.jpg
IONIA, CHIOS11 viewsCa 400-380 BC
AR Drachm 13 mm, 3.63 g
O: Sphinx seated left; amphora surmounted by grapes to left
R: Quadripartite granulated incuse square
Chios; BMC 17-8
ex Roma Numismatics auction
laney
Valerian_I_,_Pisidia,_Antioch,_AE-22_IMP_CAERAS_LL_OVNAHHIR_ANTIOC-HIO_CL__S_R_SNG_France_3-1316__Krzy__VII-35__Q-001_0h_21-22mm_4,24g-s~0.jpg
088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Pisidia, Antioch, SNG France 3 1316, AE-22, S/R//--, ANTIO CHIO CL, Vexilium surmounted by eagle,121 views088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Pisidia, Antioch, SNG France 3 1316, AE-22, S/R//--, ANTIO CHIO CL, Vexilium surmounted by eagle,
avers: IMP CAERAS LL OVNAHHIR, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: ANTIO CHIO CL, Vexilium surmounted by eagle, between two standards. S-R between the masts.
exergue: S/R//--, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 4,24g, axis: 0h,
mint: Pisidia, Antioch, date: 253 A.D., ref: SNG France 3, 1316; Krzy. VII, 35.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
665_P_Hadrian_RPC3209.jpg
3209 CILICIA, Germanicopolis. Hadrian Zeus standing46 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3209; SNG France 756 = Waddington 4735.

Obv: ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑΤωΡ ΚΑΙСΑΡ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС.
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., with paludamentum.

Rev: ΑΔΡΙΑΝΗ ΓΕΡΜΑΝΙΚΟΠ.
Zeus standing left, holding patera and sceptre; to left, eagle standing left, head right, with wreath in beak.

6.17 gr
23 mm
3h

Note.
Ex Dr. P. Vogl collection

The city of Germanicopolis was founded by the Graeco-Armenian King Antiochios IV of Commagene in honor of his Roman patron Germanicus. Its only coinage dates to the time of Hadrian, whose name it bore as an epithet.
1 commentsokidoki
chios.jpg
AE 9.8mm, Sphinx seated l./ Amphora17 viewsIonia, Chios, Fourth century B.C. 0.81g, 9.8mm. Sphinx seated l./ Amphora. Cf. BMC 332, 40. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
Alexander_III_Chios.jpg
Alexander III - AR drachm10 viewsChios
c. 290-275 BC
head of young Heracles in lionskin right
Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter; grape bunch
AΛEΞANΔPOY
(ΠYPΦ)
Price 2322; HGC 6, 1134
ex Lanz
Johny SYSEL
alex13.jpg
Alexander III the Great Ar Drachm92 viewsChios mint (290-275 BC).
Price 2322
1 commentsMinos
LarryW2249.jpg
Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Chios 290-275 BC71 viewsAR drachm, 17.7mm, 4.15g, VF
Head Herakles right, clad in lion's skin knotted at neck / [AΛEΞANΔPOY] behind Zeus seated left on throne with back, holding eagle and sceptre. M within O above bunch of grapes with tendril in left field. Scarce.
Ex: Harlan Berk
Price 2324, Müller 1529
Certificate of Authenticity from David R. Sear, ACCS
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
Ancient_Greek_Zoo.jpg
Ancient Greek Bestiary368 viewsClockwise: Lion of Chersonessos, Dyrrhachion Cow, Calf and Wasp; Dove of Sikyon; Pegasos of Leukas (mythical); Lion and Bull of Tarsos; Macedonian Horse and Human.
Center: Owl of Athens.
Of the animals listed above, it is said that the human animal is the most violent and destructive of all.
4 commentsJason T
group_large.JPG
Ancient Greek Coin Collection From Sixth to First Centuries B.C.306 viewsHere are the coins I started collecting from 2012 to present. As Aristotle wrote two millennia ago that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts, there is no better way to present a collection of Greeks than to put them all together in a single shot. (Please click on picture for bigger resolution and to show greater details on coins).

Top row from left to right: AEOLIS, MYRINA. AR "Stephanophoric" Tetradrachm. Circa 150 BC**ILLYRIA, DYRRHACHION. AR Stater. Circa 340-280 BC**IONIA, SMYRNA. AR “Stephanophoric” Tetradrachm. Circa 150-145 BC** PELOPONNESOS, SIKYON. AR Stater. Circa 335-330 BC**ATTICA, ATHENS. “New style” Tetradrachm. Circa 169 BC.

Fifth row: BACTRIA, Antialkidas. AR Drachm. Circa 145-135 BC**CAPPADOCIA. Ariobarzanes I AR Drachm. Circa 96-63 BC**THRACE, ABDERA. AR Tetrobol. Circa 360-350 BC**THRACE, CHERSONESSOS. AR Hemidrachm. Circa 386-338 BC.

Fourth row: LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 510-480 BC**THESSALIAN LEAGUE. AR Stater. Circa 196-146 BC**MACEDONIA. Kassander AR Tetradrachm. Circa 317-315 BC**AKARNANIA, LEUKAS. AR Stater. Circa 320-280 BC**PAMPHYLIA, ASPENDOS. AR Stater. Circa 330-300 BC.

Third row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos VI AR Drachm. Circa 144-143 BC**LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 340-330 BC**LUCANIA, VELIA. AR Stater. Circa 280 BC**PARTHIA. Mithradates II AR Drachm. Circa 121-91 BC.

Second row: MYSIA, PERGAMMON. Eumenes I AR Tetradrachm. Circa 263-241 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Mazaios AR Stater. Circa 361-334 BC**THRACE. Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 297-281 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Pharnabazos AR Stater. Circa 380-374 BC**THRACE, MARONEIA. AR Tetradrachm. Mid 2nd cent. BC.

Bottom row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos Euergetes VII AR Tetradrachm. Circa 138-129 BC**MACEDON. Alexander III AR Tetradrachm. Circa 325-315 BC**CILICIA, AIGEAI. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 30 BC**PAIONIA. Patraos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 335-315 BC**PAMPHYLIA, SIDE. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 155-36 BC.
10 commentsJason T
020.JPG
Brachiopod29 viewsBrachiopods are two-shelled, marine creatures that somewhat resemble mollusks.

approximately 270 million years old
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
caligula_k.jpg
Caligula AD 37-416 viewsAE17, 3.6g, 12h; Philadelphia, Lydia. Magistrate Moschion Moschionos.
Obv. ΓAIOY KAICAP; bare head right.
Rev. ΦIΛOKAICAP ΦIΛOΔЄΛΦЄWN MOCXIWN MOCXIWNOC; Capricorn left.
Reference: RPC I, 3027.
John Anthony
hun1_w.jpg
Chionite Huns26 viewsDrachm (copying Peroz I)
Mitchiner ACW 1465-66
2.91 gm, 31.5 mm
Manzikert
1Claudio_beachy_unita.jpg
Claudio II, PAX AVGUSTI, ex Beachy Head hoard (1973)25 viewsClaudius II, antoninianus Rome mint (ex Beachy Head hoard)
AE, gr 2,7, mm 21,8 max, BB, C
D/ IMP CLAVDIVS AVG, Claudio radiato e corazzato a dx
R/PAX - AVGVSTI H|-, Pax stante a sinistra tiene ramo d'olivo nella dx e scettro trasversale nella sx
Ric V 81
Nota: il Beachy Head hoard, trovato nel 1973 nei pressi di Eastbourne Uk era composto da 5.000 antoniniani del III secolo. Il tesoro, contenuto in un secchio di bronzo tipo Hemmoor era il sesto trovato nello stesso sito. Risulta depositato nel 273 d.C. circa. registrato da The Royal Numismatic Society, è stato studiato da Bland, R F 1979 `The 1973 Beachy Head [Eastbourne,E. Sussex] treasure trove of 3rd century antoniniani' Numis Chron 139, 1979 61-107, fig, tables, refs
Provenienza: Paolo Berardengo (Roma Italia, dal 27 settembre 2014, numero catalogo 223), ex Alex Fallows collection (Cardiff, Uk fino al 2014 acquistato alla mostra numismatica di Cardiff dallo scopritore), ex Beachy Head hoard (Eastbourne East Sussex , Uk, 1973)
paolo
36.jpg
COSTANZO II, 337-361 d.C., Sirmium?41 viewsCostanzo II, 337-361 d.C.
Bronzo AE 3, 2.355 gr, 19.3 mm, 180°, B-
Zecca di Sirmium?
D/ D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, busto a dx con diadema di perle, drappeggiato e corazzato
R/ FEL TEMP - REPARATIO, soldato che trafigge cavaliere, marchio di zecca in basso.
S4010, o RIC Sirmium 52/69
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (25 marzo 2008, numero catalogo 104); ex FAC (Morehead City NC, Usa, fino al 2008)
paolo
chios.jpg
Crusader. Chios. Maona Society (1347-1385) AE Denaro36 viewsCrusader. Chios. Maona Society (1347-1385) AE Denaro
Obverse : Three-towered castle façade , five rosettes around.
Reverse : Cross pattée; rosettes in each quarter.
Lunardi S15; Sclumberger pl. XV, 22.
Rare
1 commentsVladislav D
69_Dyrrhachion.jpg
Dyrrhachion - AR drachm7 viewsRoman Protectorate
92-48 BC
cow standing right, calf standing left, ivy-wreath, tripod right
ΦIΛΩTAΣ
(AΓ)
double stellate pattern within double linear square
ΔYP_KΛEI_TOPI_OY
Ceka 454
3,29g
Johny SYSEL
Dyrrhachion-illyria-1.jpg
Dyrrhachion, Illyria, Autonomous c. (250-200 BC), AR Drachm27 viewsAncient Greek, Dyrrhachion, Illyria, Autonomous c. (250-200 BC), AR Drachm

Obverse: MƐNIΣKOΣ, Meniskos and Kallonos, magistrates. Cow standing right, looking back at suckling calf standing left below; above, Nike with wreath flying right; thunderbolt in exergue, all within dotted circle border.

Reverse: Double stellate pattern; ΔYP-KAΛ-ΛΩ-NOΣ around; all within linear circle border.

Reference: Ceka 322; Maier 256; SNG Copenhagen 476. VF- grade.
Gil-galad
greek-illyiria-dyrrhachion.jpg
Dyrrhachium, Illyria AR Drachm (250-200 BC), Magistrates; Theodotos35 viewsAncient Greek, Dyrrhachium, Illyria AR Drachm (250-200 BC), Magistrates; Theodotos, Philonos 19.6 mm, 3.37, 3h

Obverse: ΘƐOΔOTOΣ, Cow standing right, looking left, suckling calf, vine branch, leaves and bunches of grapes below.

Reverse: ΔΥΡ ΦI-ΛΩ-NOΣ, Double stellate pattern.

Reference: Ceke 230, Maier 392

Ex: Tom Mullally
Gil-galad
Smirnova-1.jpg
Eastern Sogdiana, Samarqand: Anonymous (ca. 5th-6th Century CE) AE Unit (Smirnova-1)21 viewsObv: Mustachioed bust 3/4 facing, wearing long earrings; Wide border
Rev: Tamgha of Samarqand; Wide border
SpongeBob
1claudia_denario.jpg
Gens Claudia, denarius (111-110 a.C.)9 viewsAp. Claudius Pulcher, T. Manlius Mancinus e Q. Urbiniu, Denario, 111-110 a.C., Roma
Ag, 3.47 gr, 18 mm, MB+
D/ Testa di Roma con elmo attico alato; dietro, un oggetto traingolare con cerchio.
R/ AP CL T MAL (legato) Q VR (legato); una Vittoria su triga; tiene le redini con entrambe le mani.
Crawford 299/1a
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo (Roma, Italia, dal 18 settembre 2018, numero catalogo 393), ex collezione Vanni (Follonica, Tinia numismatica, fino al settembre 2018)
paolo
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Grecia, Efeso Ionia (280-258 a.C.)41 viewsBronzo AE18, Efeso, Ionia, c. 280 - 258 a.C.
aF (MB+), 3.192 grammi, 15.3 mm, 0°
D/ E-F, ape all'interno di una ghirlanda d'alloro
R/ cervo maschio che si alimenta a destra, nome del magistrato
BMC Ionia p. 58, 83 ff. (vari magistrati); SNG Cop 268 - 269
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (17 dicembre 2007, numero catalogo 83); ex FAC (Morehead City NC, Usa, fino al 2007)
paolo
Dyrrachion~0.jpg
GREEK, Illyria, Dyrrachion. AR Stater86 viewsCirca 340-280 BC (21mm, 10.71 g, 4h). Maier 23 var. (lizard on rev.); Meadows, Coin Hoard (forthcoming) 175 (this coin); SNG Copenhagen –; BMC 17 var. (same). Obverse Cow standing right, looking back at suckling calf standing left below; above, wasp right. Reverse Double stellate pattern, divided by line, in double linear square border (single on one side); DYP retrograde, club below; all within linear circle border. Good VF, bright surfaces, some porosity. Well centered. Very rare.

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 93rd Printed Auction, lot 190.

Dyrrhachion was founded as Epidamnos in the ancient region of Illyria in 627 BC by ancient Greek colonists from Corinth and Korkyra. The city's geographical position was highly advantageous, as it was situated around a natural rocky harbor which was surrounded by inland swamps and high cliffs on the seaward side, making the city very difficult to attack from either land or sea. The city, together with Corinth’s conflict with Korkyra was one of the causes in precipitating the Peloponnesian War. Dyrrhachion was noted for being a politically advanced society, prompting Aristotle to praise its political system in controlling trade between the Greek colonists and the locals. The Romans prefer calling the city Dyrrhacium since the last two syllables of the city’s name “–damnos” connotes a different meaning and inauspicious to Roman ears. The designs of the staters of Korkyra as well as its colonies, Apollonia and Dyrrhachion, have been the subject of much numismatic speculation. Eckhel (Doctrina numorum veterum [Vienna, 1792/3], II:155) accepted the view of Laurentius Beger (Observationes Et Conjecturae In Numismata Quaedam Antiqua [Brandenburg, 1691]), who argued that the design represented the garden of Alkinöos, the mythical king of Phaiakia, described in detail by the poet Homer (Od. 7.112-133). Based on the assumption that mythical Phaiakia was the island of ancient Korkyra (mod. Corfu), and knowing that Korkyrans colonized both Apollonia and Dyrrhachion, Beger (and through him, Eckhel) concluded that the central elements were flowers and that the overall design must represent either the layout of the garden, or the doors leading to it. Other numismatists argued that the central elements of the design were more star-like. While Böckh and Müller (in P. Gardner, "Floral patterns on Archaic Greek coins," NC 1881, p. 1) felt this to be the case, they considered the elements to be nothing more than a fortuitous series of random strokes. Friedlander and von Sallet (Das königliche Münzkabinett [Berlin, 1877], coins 72-75) viewed them as symbols of the Dioskouri. Proponents of either interpretation continue to argue their views (see Alfred Maier, "Die Silberprägung von Apollonia und Dyrrhachion," NZ 41 [1908], p. 2 and note 4 [garden]; Traité, Part II, Volume I, column 931 [garden]; Michael E. Marotta, "Dyrrachium: Rome's doorway to Greece," Celator [April 1997], pp. 6-7 [garden]; Gyula Petrányi, “Gardens of Alkinoos: Fact or Fiction?” on the reverse pattern of the silver coins from Corcyra, Apollonia and Dyrrachium," Celator [November 1998], pp. 22-24 [Dioskouroi]). Gardner (op. cit.) was convinced that the reverse design had a religious meaning, but was unconvinced that the symbols were either a garden layout, or stars. Instead, he favored a floral interpretation. He argued that this was indicated not only by their general shape, but in some particular instances by an intentional modification to make them appear more floral. Noting a similarity between the reverse types of Korkyran staters – the model for the staters of Apollonia and Dyrrhachion – and those of other Greek city-states, most notably Miletos and Kyrene, he argued that this was due to a common religious cult between them, since he believed that Greek coin types were primarily religious in origin. Arguing that the most probable deity was Apollo, Gardner concluded that the reference was to Apollo Aristaios or Nomios, a pastoral version of that god who was worshiped (among other places) both at Kyrene and throughout northern Greece and was known to be the protectors of flocks (cf. Pind. Pyth. 9.64-65). Most recently, Nicolet-Pierre revisited the issue of the reverse design in her article on the archaic coinage of Korkyra ("À props du monnayage archaïque de Corcyre," SNR 88 (2009), pp. 2-3), and offered a novel interpretation. Noting a passage of Thucydides (3.70.4) in which that author cited the existence on the island of a sacred precinct (temenos) and dedicated to Zeus and Alkinöos, she suggested that the reverse design might have been inspired by this, and not Homer's garden of Alkinöos. Since Apollonia and Dyrrhachion, as colonies of Korkyra, employed that island's designs in their own coinage, it is necessary to explain why Korkyra used such symbols on its coinage. The archaic staters of Korkyra were the first issues to employ a cow standing right (or left), suckling its calf on the obverse. (BMC 1-8 [for cow right]; BMC 9-16 [for cow left]). A similar obverse design appears on the coinage of Karystos in Euboia and, according to Plutarch (Quaest. Graec.), Korkyra was settled by Euboians, whose coinage symbol was a bovine. Several dedications in the form of a bronze bull are attested for the Korkyrans and the island's patron god was Apollo. The reverse design of the archaic staters consists of a pair of incuse punches, consisting of stars (BMC 1 and pl. XXI, 1). That the symbol was a star is certain, as fractions of this series and subsequent issues with a star on the obverse make plain. One stater (BMC 10 and pl. XXI, 2), puts the star design in a more abstract arrangement, becoming the precursor of the reverse design type employed in later stater issues (BMC 39 and pl. XXI, 9). The striking lines formed by the incuse punches are retained in the later design as lines of the frame. Thus, the staters of Apollonia, Dyrhachion, and Korkyra demonstrate a meticulous progressive recopying of an archaic coin type that continued under its colonies, and not an allusion to a possible Homeric past.


Jason T
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ILLYRIA, DYRRACHION AR DRACHM, ETRATONIKOS & PARMENISKOU MAGISTRATES6 views

BMC 110, Centered Very Fine, 18.3mm, 3.22 grams, Struck Circa. Late 3rd to 2nd Century B.C.E.

Obverse: Cow standing right suckling calf; head of Helios above, ETRATONIKOS between

Reverse: Double stellate pattern within linear borders, DUR PAR MENIS KOU around
Mark R1
Illyria,_Dyrrhachion_Amyntas.png
Illyria, Dyrrhachion11 viewsIllyria, Dyrrhachion as Roman Protectorate. 3rd-2nd century B.C. AR drachm (18.77 mm, 3.36 g, 8 h). Kthtos / Amyntas, struck after 229 B.C. magistrate / moneyer. KTHTOΣ, cow standing right, looking back at calf she suckles; to right, cornucopiae; in exergue, rudder / ΔYP / A / MY[N / TA], legend around the 4 sides of double square containing two stellate patterns . BMC 34; MS 186; Maier 107Rob D
greek35.jpg
Illyria, Dyrrhachion Ar Drachm17 views(229-100 BC)
Obv.: Cow suckling calf.
Rev.: Double stellate pattern.
Minos
Illyria_Dyrrhachion.jpg
Illyria, Dyrrhachion AR drachm13 viewsPhrenikos , magistrate
O: Cow standing right with suckling calf, legend above ear of grain to right
R: double stellate pattern, inscription around
3.45 grams, 16-18 mm
JBGood
dyr_k.jpg
ILLYRIA, Dyrrhachion, Xenon, magistrate3 viewsAR Drachm, 19mm, 3.2g, 12h; after 229 BC.
Obv.: ΞΕΝΩΝ; Cow standing right, looking back at calf which it suckles, [eagle above], hound running right below.
Rev.: ΔYP ΦΙΛ[O-ΔA-M]OY; double stellate pattern.
Reference: Ceka 362, BMC 131, 132
John Anthony
Illyria,_Dyrrhachion.png
Illyria, Dyrrhachion.14 viewsIllyria, Dyrrhachion. Ca. 250-200 B.C. AR drachm (18.6 mm, 3.32 g, 9 h). Esefron and Asklepio, magistrates. EXEΦPΩN, Cow standing right with suckling calf; club to left, grain ear to right, bunch of grapes below / ΔYP AΣ KΛA ΠOY, double stellate pattern. Ceka 193; Mc Clean 5060; Maier 145Rob D
Dyrrachion.jpg
Illyria, Dyrrhachion. AR Stater.55 viewsCirca 340-280 BC. AR Stater (21mm, 10.71 g, 4h). Maier 23 var. (lizard on rev.); A. Meadows, Coin Hoards (forthcoming) 175 (this coin); SNG Copenhagen –; BMC 17 var. (same). Obverse Cow standing right, looking back at suckling calf standing left below; above, wasp right. Reverse Double stellate pattern (or stylized double thunderbolts of Zeus), divided by line, in double linear square border (single on one side); DYR retrograde, club below; all within linear circle border. Good VF, bright surfaces, some porosity. Well centered. Very rare (R2).

Ex CNG 93rd Printed Auction, lot 190.

Dyrrhachion was founded as Epidamnos in the ancient region of Illyria along the Adriatic coast in 627 BC by ancient Greek colonists from Corinth and Korkyra. The city's geographical position was highly advantageous, as it was situated around a natural rocky harbor which was surrounded by inland swamps and high cliffs on the seaward side, making the city very difficult to attack from either land or sea. The city, together with Corinth’s conflict (a "tipping point") with Korkyra was one of the causes of precipitating the Peloponnesian War. Dyrrahchion was noted for being a politically advanced society, prompting Aristotle to praise its political system in controlling trade between the Greek colonists and the locals. The Romans prefer calling the city Dyrrhacium since the last two syllables of the city’s name “–damnos” connotes a different meaning and inauspicious to Roman ears.

1 commentsJason T
dyr_drachm_k.jpg
ILLYRIA, Dyrrhachion. Meniskos, magistrate.4 viewsAR Drachm, 18mm, 3.2g, 6h; c. 200-30 BC.
Obv.: MENIΣKOΣ; Cow standing right, looking back at calf which it suckles, raven above.
Rev.: ΔYP ΔIONYΣIOY around double stellate pattern.
Reference: SNG Cop 467, Maier 201.
John Anthony
coins115.JPG
Illyria, Dyrrhachium29 viewsGR2. Illyria, Dyrrhachium. After 229 BC. Silver drachm

Obverse : Cow with suckling calf,and the moneyers name MENISKOS above the cow's back, with a small eagle above the name.
Reverse : Double star pattern in a square, with an inscription naming the city around.

In 229 BCE, when the Romans seized the city the "-damnos" part of the name was inauspicious to Latin ears, and its name, as it was refounded, became Dyrrhachium. Pausanias (6.x.8) says "the modern Roman city is not the ancient one, being at a short distance from it. The modern city is called Dyrrhachium from its founder." The name Dyrrachion is found on coins of the fifth century BCE; in the Roman period Dyrrachium was more common. However, the city maintained a semi-autonomy and was turned into a Roman colony.

Dyrrachium was the landing place for Roman passengers crossing the Ionian Sea from Brundisium, which made it a fairly busy way-station. Here commenced the Via Egnatia, the Roman military road to Thessalonica that connected Roman Illyria with Macedonia and Thrace. The city itself was part of Macedonia, more specifically Epirus Nova. In 48 BCE Pompey was based at Dyrrachium and beat off an attack by Julius Caesar (see Battle of Dyrrhachium). In 345 BCE the city was levelled by an earthquake and rebuilt on its old foundations. In the 4th century CE, Dyrrachium was made the capital of the Roman province of Epirus nova.

The name "Epidamnos" was still used by the Byzantines, as for example in the 13th-century Synopsis Chronike, referring to contemporary events.

ecoli
Dyrrachion.jpg
Illyria, Dyrrhachium 229 - 100 B.C.15 viewsIllyria, Dyrrhachium 229 - 100 B.C. Ae 16.1~16.5mm. 4.49g. Obv: Laureate head Zeus of Dodona right, dotted border. Rev: ΦΙΛΩ/TA Magistrate Philotas, Tripod, ΔYP below all within a wreath. Ref.: SNG Cop. 511, BMC 167. ddwau
Hartill-22_737.jpg
Imperial China, Ch'ing Dynasty: Xian Feng (1851-1861) FE 10 Cash, Board of Revenue, Peking (Hartill-22.737)17 viewsObv: 咸豐重寶 Xian Feng zhong bao
Rev: Numbers for denomination above and below, mint left and right in Manchu; 當十 ᠪᠣᠣ ᠴᡠᠸᠠᠨ; Dang shi (Value Ten) Boo chiowan
SpongeBob
Hartill-22_702.jpg
Imperial China, Ch'ing Dynasty: Xian Feng (1851-1861) FE 50 Cash, Board of Revenue, Peking (Hartill-22.702)22 viewsObv: 咸豐重寶 Xian Feng zhong bao
Rev: Numbers for denomination above and below, mint left and right in Manchu; 當十五 ᠪᠣᠣ ᠴᡠᠸᠠᠨ; Dang wushi (Value Fifty) Boo chiowan
SpongeBob
IMGP0239_Pakbrtdrcombo(1).jpg
Indo-Parthians, Orthagnes, Gondopharid Dynasty, 1st half of 1st cent. AD13 viewsAE tdr, 8,56gr, 22mm;
Senior 257, 21-22; Mitch. ACW 2556;
mint: Arachiosa, axis: 9h;
obv.: bare-headed bust, left, w/diadem, triangular bow, and ribbons; medium-long hair in bun at the side, mustache, short beard; chain-link type necklace; cuirass/tunic, torso facing; circular lettering around rim;
rev.: winged Nike, standing right, w/diadem in extended hand; 2 control marks in lower right and left field; circular Karoshti legend around rim;

ex: CNG e-Auction 241, #180.
Schatz
IMGP0382Paktdrcombo.jpg
Indo-Parthians: Pakoros, mid to late 1st cent. AD, Gondopharid Dynasty29 viewsAE unit, 10,26gr, 26mm;
Senior 269 1aT
mint: unknown in Arachiosa, axis: 13h;
obv.: bust, left, w/diadem and 2 ribbons linked at end; large tuft of top hair, large bunch of curls in back of neck, mustache, med.-long beard; 2-stand necklace w/center medallion; padded (?) shoulder armor; around rim Greek legend: BAΣIΛE ... rest barely legible;
rev: winged Nike, standing right, holding out diadem; ‘gi’ in Karoshti to left, ‘pu’ to right; around rim Karoshti legend;
black surfaces on both sides;

ex: CNG e-Auction 409, # 358; ex: Dr. Wilfried Pieper Collection.
1 commentsSchatz
chios_sphinx_amphora.jpg
IONIA, CHIOS36 viewsAE 10.5 mm 1.02 g
2nd - 1st CENTURY BC
O: SPHINX SEATED L
R: AMPHORA
laney
chios_sphinx_res.jpg
IONIA, CHIOS89 viewsCa. 190 - 84 BC
AR Drachm 19 mm 3.74 g
O: Sphinx seated left, grape bunch before
R: DERKYLOS XIOS Amphora, coruncopia to left
(magistrate Derkylos)
Mavrogordato 66, SNG Cop. 1562
3 commentslaney
chios_sphinx_res_BLK2_copy.jpg
IONIA, CHIOS81 viewsCa. 190 - 84 BC
AR Drachm 19 mm 3.74 g
O: Sphinx seated left, grape bunch before
R: DERKYLOS XIOS Amphora, coruncopia to left
(magistrate Derkylos)
Mavrogordato 66, SNG Cop. 1562
2 commentslaney
chios_drachm_sph_amp_res.jpg
IONIA, CHIOS45 viewsAR Drachm 20 mm; 3.60 g
O: Sphinx seated left, grape bunch before
R: DERKYLOS XIOS Amphora, coruncopia to left
(magistrate Derkylos)
Mavrogordato 66; SNG Cop. 1562
2 commentslaney
chios_drachm_sph_amp_res~0.jpg
IONIA, CHIOS50 views190 - 84 BC
AR Drachm 20 mm; 3.60 g
O: Sphinx seated left, grape bunch before
R: DERKYLOS XIOS Amphora, coruncopia to left
(magistrate Derkylos)
Mavrogordato 66; SNG Cop. 1562
1 commentslaney
sphinx_amphora_ae_res_b.jpg
IONIA, CHIOS28 views2nd - 1st CENTURY BC
AE 10.5 mm 1.02 g
O: SPHINX SEATED L
R: AMPHORA
laney
sphinx_quad_drach.jpg
IONIA, CHIOS13 viewsCa 400-380 BC
AR Drachm 13 mm, 3.63 g
O: Sphinx seated left; amphora surmounted by grapes to left
R: Quadripartite granulated incuse square
Chios; BMC 17-8
ex Roma Numismatics auction
1 commentslaney
SphinxChios.jpg
Ionia, Chios Sphinx Silver Didrachm c. 500 B.C.13 viewsIonia, Chios Silver Archaic Didrachm (18mm, 7.82 gm.), c. 500 B.C. Very Rare.
Obv: Sphinx seated left, amphora in field to left.
Rev: Quadrapartite incuse square.
Ref: S. 4594; Baldwin S.17.13, plate II; SNG Lockett 2858.
Very Rare.
mjabrial
chios.jpg
Ionia, Island of Chios. Pseudo-autonomous AE1464 viewsDichalkon, Civic Coinage of Chios, Ionia.
Reign of Augustus - 150 AD
Obverse: XI-W-N, Sphinx left, forepaw raised.
Reverse: DIXA-LKON, amphora, dotted border.
14mm and 1.8gms
BMC Ionia 114
1 commentsancientone
3340093.jpg
IONIA, Phokaia.38 viewsThe ancient Greek geographer Pausanias says that Phocaea was founded by Phocians under Athenian leadership, on land given to them by the Aeolian Cymaeans, and that they were admitted into the Ionian League after accepting as kings the line of Codrus. Pottery remains indicate Aeolian presence as late as the 9th century BC, and Ionian presence as early as the end of the 9th century BC. From this an approximate date of settlement for Phocaea can be inferred.

According to Herodotus the Phocaeans were the first Greeks to make long sea-voyages, having discovered the coasts of the Adriatic, Tyrrhenia and Spain. Herodotus relates that they so impressed Arganthonios, king of Tartessus in Spain, that he invited them to settle there, and, when they declined, gave them a great sum of money to build a wall around their city.

Their sea travel was extensive. To the south they probably conducted trade with the Greek colony of Naucratis in Egypt, which was the colony of their fellow Ionian city Miletus. To the north, they probably helped settle Amisos (Samsun) on the Black Sea, and Lampsacus at the north end of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles). However Phocaea's major colonies were to the west. These included Alalia in Corsica, Emporiae and Rhoda in Spain, and especially Massalia (Marseille) in France.

Phocaea remained independent until the reign of the Lydian king Croesus (circa 560–545 BC), when they, along with the rest of mainland Ionia, first, fell under Lydian control[8] and then, along with Lydia (who had allied itself with Sparta) were conquered by Cyrus the Great of Persia in 546 BC, in one of the opening skirmishes of the great Greco-Persian conflict.

Rather than submit to Persian rule, the Phocaeans abandoned their city. Some may have fled to Chios, others to their colonies on Corsica and elsewhere in the Mediterranean, with some eventually returning to Phocaea. Many however became the founders of Elea, around 540 BC.

In 500 BC, Phocaea joined the Ionian Revolt against Persia. Indicative of its naval prowess, Dionysius, a Phocaean was chosen to command the Ionian fleet at the decisive Battle of Lade, in 494 BC. However, indicative of its declining fortunes, Phocaea was only able to contribute three ships, out of a total of "three hundred and fifty three". The Ionian fleet was defeated and the revolt ended shortly thereafter.

After the defeat of Xerxes I by the Greeks in 480 BC and the subsequent rise of Athenian power, Phocaea joined the Delian League, paying tribute to Athens of two talents. In 412 BC, during the Peloponnesian War, with the help of Sparta, Phocaea rebelled along with the rest of Ionia. The Peace of Antalcidas, which ended the Corinthian War, returned nominal control to Persia in 387 BC.

In 343 BC, the Phocaeans unsuccessfully laid siege to Kydonia on the island of Crete.

During the Hellenistic period it fell under Seleucid, then Attalid rule. In the Roman period, the town was a manufacturing center for ceramic vessels, including the late Roman Phocaean red slip.

It was later under the control of Benedetto Zaccaria, the Genoan ambassador to Byzantium, who received the town as a hereditary lordship; Zaccaria and his descendants amassed a considerable fortune from his properties there, especially the rich alum mines. It remained a Genoese colony until it was taken by the Turks in 1455. It is a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church.

IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 521-478 BC. AR Hemidrachm (9mm, 1.54 g). Head of griffin left / Quadripartite incuse square. SNG Copenhagen –; SNG von Aulock 2116; SNG Kayhan 512-6. VF, dark toning.
ecoli
078~3.JPG
Languedoc - Marquisat de Provence, Raimond V (1134-1194), France.5 viewsDenier, argent, 0,91 g.
A/ + R:COMES:PALATII, croix.
R/ + DVX MARCHIO PV, croissant et étoile à huit branches dans le champ.
Réfs : Corpus Languedoc 2011, type L199.
Gabalor
008.JPG
Languedoc - Marquisat de Provence, Raimond V (1134-1194), France.4 viewsDenier, argent, 0,76 g.
A/ + R COMES PALACI, croix.
R/ + DVX MARCHIO PV, croissant et étoile à huit branches dans le champ.
Réfs : Corpus Languedoc 2011, type 202
Gabalor
Lucania,_Metapontion.jpg
Lucania, Metapontum AR Nomos53 viewsStruck circa 340-330 BC. AR Nomos, 7.83g. Johnston Class B2. HN Italy-1575. SNG ANS 432-440. Obverse bearded head of hero Leukippos wearing unadorned Corinthian helmet right; behind lion head right; monogram below chin. Reverse barley ear of seven grains with leaf to left; club above leaf, AMI below; META in right field.

Ex Joseph Melchione collection. Ex Ira and Larry Goldberg Pre-Long Beach Sept. 4-5, 2012 Auction 70th Sale, lot 3021. Ex CNG. VF, toned.

The head of the hero Leukippos on this coin is particularly elegant. He was a mythical king of Messene whom the Metapontines claimed as the founder of their city. His appearance on the coins almost certainly serves as an allusion to the help given to Metapontum by Alexander the Molossian, another king from across the sea. The mythological hero Leukippos (his name means owner of a white horse, i.e., a wealthy man) was particularly popular in Metapontum, appearing on the obverse of many of the city's nomoi, or staters, starting c. 350 BC. This helmeted and bearded head also served as a prototype for Rome's early didrachms with a similar head of Mars. (Commentary courtesy Classical Numismatic Group).
1 commentsJason T
PhilipIIMacedonLifetimeTet.jpg
Macedonian Kingdom, Philip II, 359 - 336 B.C., Lifetime Issue129 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Le Rider 233 (D130/R188); SNG ANS 385 ff., VF, Pella, 14.163g, 25.4mm, 225o, 342 - 336 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse "FILIPPOU", naked youth on horse pacing right on horseback holding palm, thunderbolt below; ex CNG 214, 82; very high relief sculptural portrait, nice style, lifetime issue. Ex FORVM.

Philip II expanded the size and influence of the Macedonian Kingdom, but is perhaps best known as the father of Alexander the Great. He personally selected the design of his coins.

Philip II of Macedon (382 BC–336 BC; in Greek Φίλιππος = φίλος (friend) + ίππος (horse), transliterated Philippos) was the King of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination. He was the father of Alexander the Great, Phillip III Arrhidaeus, and possibly Ptolemy I Soter, founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty.

Born in Pella, Philip was the youngest son of King Amyntas III and Eurydice. In his youth, (ca. 368 BC–365 BC) Philip was a hostage in Thebes, which was the leading city of Greece during the Theban hegemony. While a captive there, Philip received a military and diplomatic education from Epaminondas, was involved in a pederastic relationship with Pelopidas and lived with Pammenes, who was an enthusiastic advocate of the Sacred Band of Thebes. In 364 BC, Philip returned to Macedonia. The deaths of Philip's elder brothers, King Alexander II and Perdiccas III, allowed him to take the throne in 359 BC. Originally appointed regent for his infant nephew Amyntas IV, who was the son of Perdiccas III, Philip managed to take the kingdom for himself that same year.

Philip's military skills and expansionist vision of Macedonian greatness brought him early success. The hill tribes were broken by a single battle in 358 BC, and Philip established his authority inland as far as Lake Ohrid. He used the Social War as an opportunity for expansion. In 357 BC, he took the Athenian colony of Amphipolis, which commanded the gold mines of Mount Pangaion. That same year Philip married the Epirote princess Olympias, who was the daughter of the king of the Molossians. In 356 BC, Philip conquered the town of Crenides and changed its name to Philippi. Philip also attacked Abdera and Maronea, on the Thracian sea-board. Also in 356 Alexander was born and his race horse won in the Olympics in He took Methone in 354 BC, a town which had belonged to Athens. During the siege of Methone, Philip lost an eye.

Not until his armies were opposed by Athens at Thermopylae in 352 BC did Philip face any serious resistance. Philip did not attempt to advance into central Greece because the Athenians had occupied Thermopylae. Also in 352 BC, the Macedonian army won a complete victory over the Phocians at the Battle of Crocus Field. This battle made Philip tagus of Thessaly, and he claimed as his own Magnesia, with the important harbour of Pagasae.
Hostilities with Athens did not yet take place, but Athens was threatened by the Macedonian party which Philip's gold created in Euboea. From 352 to 346 BC, Philip did not again come south. He was active in completing the subjugation of the Balkan hill-country to the west and north, and in reducing the Greek cities of the coast as far as the Hebrus (Maritza). For the chief of these coastal cities, Olynthus, Philip continued to profess friendship until its neighboring cities were in his hands.

In 349 BC, Philip started the siege of Olynthus. Olynthus at first allied itself with Philip, but later shifted its allegiance to Athens. The Athenians did nothing to help Olynthus. Philip finally took Olynthus in 348 BC and razed the city to the ground. In 346 BC, he intervened effectively in the war between Thebes and the Phocians, but his wars with Athens continued intermittently.

Macedonia and the regions adjoining it having now been securely consolidated, Philip celebrated his Olympic games at Dium. In 347 BC, Philip advanced to the conquest of the eastern districts about the Hebrus, and compelled the submission of the Thracian prince Cersobleptes. Meanwhile, Athens had made overtures for peace, and when Philip, in 346 BC, again moved south, peace was sworn in Thessaly. With key Greek city-states in submission, Philip turned to Sparta; he sent them a message, "You are advised to submit without further delay, for if I bring my army into your land, I will destroy your farms, slay your people, and raze your city." Their reply was "If." Philip and Alexander would both leave them alone. Later, the Macedonian arms were carried across Epirus to the Adriatic Sea. In 342 BC, Philip led a great military expedition north against the Scythians, conquering the Thracian fortified settlement Eumolpia to give it his name, Philippoupolis (modern Plovdiv).

In 340 BC, Philip started the siege of Perinthus. Philip began another siege in 339 BC of the city of Byzantium. After unsuccessful sieges of both cities, Philip's influence all over Greece was compromised. However, Philip successfully reasserted his authority in the Aegean by defeating an alliance of Thebans and Athenians at the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC. He erected a memorial of a marble lion to the Sacred Band of Thebes for their bravery that still stands today. Philip created and led the League of Corinth in 337 BC. Members of the League agreed never to wage war against each other, unless it was to suppress revolution. Philip was elected as leader (hegemon) of the army of invasion against the Persian Empire. In 336 BC, when the invasion of Persia was in its very early stage, Philip was assassinated, and was succeeded on the throne of Macedon by his son Alexander the Great.

Philip’s Assassination

The murder happened in October of 336 BC, at Aegae, the ancient capital of the kingdom of Macedon. The court had gathered there for the celebration of the marriage between Alexander of Epirus and Philip's daughter. While the king was entering unprotected into the town's theatre (highlighting his approachability to the Greek diplomats present), he was killed by Pausanias of Orestis, one of Philip's seven bodyguards. The assassin immediately tried to escape and reach his associates who were waiting for him with horses at the entrance of Aegae. He was pursued by three of Philip's bodyguards and died by their hands.
The reasons for Pausanias' assassination of Phillip are difficult to fully expound, since there was controversy already among ancient historians. The only contemporary account in our possession is that of Aristotle, who states rather tersely that Philip was killed because Pausanias had been offended by the followers of Attalus, the king's father-in-law.

Whatever else that may be written about Philip II it must be recognized that he was responsible for making Macedon the ascendant Greek power. He reorganized the Macedonian army. It was this army that Alexander the Great inherited. Phillip II trained some of Alexander’s best generals: Antigonus Cyclops, Antipater, Nearchus, Parmenion, and Perdiccas.

According to the Greek historian Theopompus of Chios, Europe had never seen a man like king Philip of Macedonia, and he called his history of the mid-fourth century BCE the Philippic History. Theopompus had a point. Not even his better known son Alexander has done so much to change the course of Greek history. Philip reorganized his kingdom, gave it access to the sea, expanded its power so that it could defeat the Achaemenid Empire, and subdued the Greek city-states, which never regained their independence again. To achieve this, he modernized the Macedonian economy, improved the army, and concluded several marital alliances. The result was a superpower with one weakness: it was as strong as its king. When Philip's son Alexander died, the institutions were too weak, and Macedonia never recovered.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_II_of_Macedon
http://www.livius.org/phi-php/philip/philip_ii.htm
Ed. by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
13370LG.jpg
MOESIA, Istros173 viewsMOESIA, Istros. Circa 4th Century BC. AR Drachm (5.86 gm).

Histria or Istros (Ancient Greek: Ἰστρίη, Thracian river god, Danube), was a Greek colony or polis (πόλις, city) near the mouths of the Danube (known as Ister in Ancient Greek), on the western coast of the Black Sea. Established by Milesian settlers in order to facilitate trade with the native Getae, it is considered the oldest urban settlement on Romanian territory. Scymnus of Chios (ca 110 BC), dated its founding to 630 BC, while Eusebius of Caesarea set it during the time of the 33rd Olympic Games (657 – 656 BC). The earliest documented currency on Romanian territory was an 8-gram silver drachma, issued by the city around 480 BC.

Archaeological evidence seems to confirm that all trade with the interior followed the foundation of Histria. Traders reached the interior via Histria and the Danube valley, demonstrated by finds of Attic black-figure pottery, coins, ornamental objects, an Ionian lebes and many fragments of amphoras. Amphoras have been found in great quantity at Histria, some imported but some local. Local pottery was produced following establishment of the colony and certainly before mid-6th century. During the archaic and classical periods, when Histria flourished, it was situated near fertile arable land. It served as a port of trade soon after its establishment, with fishing and agriculture as additional sources of income. By 100 AD, however, fishing had become the main source of Istrian revenue.

Around 30 AD, Histria came under Roman domination. During the Roman period from the 1st to 3rd centuries AD, temples were built for the Roman gods, besides a public bath and houses for the wealthy. Altogether, it was in continuous existence for some 14 centuries, starting with the Greek period up to the Roman-Byzantine period. The Halmyris bay where was the city founded was closed by sand deposits and access to the Black Sea gradually was cut. Trade continued until the 6th century AD. The invasion of the Avars and the Slavs in the 7th century AD almost entirely destroyed the fortress, and the Istrians dispersed; the name and the city disappeared.

Facing male heads, the left inverted / Sea-eagle left, grasping dolphin with talons; H between wing and tail, D below dolphin. SNG BMC Black Sea 245; Pick 431. EF.
Ex-Barry Murphy g30
2 commentsecoli
istros.jpg
Moesia, Istros. (Circa 340-313 BC)40 viewsAR Drachm

6.19 g

Obverse: Two facing male heads; the right inverted

Reverse: IΣTPIH, sea-eagle left, grasping dolphin left with talons; H behind, Δ below.

AMNG I 431. SNG BM Black Sea 245.

Istros was a Greek colony near the mouths of the Danube (known as Ister in Ancient Greek), on the western coast of the Black Sea. Established by Milesian settlers in order to facilitate trade with the native Getae, Scymnus of Chios (ca 110 BC), dated its founding to 630 BC, while Eusebius of Caesarea set it during the time of the 33rd Olympic Games (657 – 656 BC). During the archaic and classical periods, when Istros flourished, it was situated near fertile arable land. It served as a port of trade soon after its establishment, with fishing and agriculture as additional sources of income.
1 commentsNathan P
Mithradates_III_FORVM~0.jpg
Parthia - Mithradates III (57-54 BCE)37 viewsMetal/Size: AR19; Weight: 4.12 grams; Denomination: Drachm; Mint: Mithradatkart; Date: 57-54 BCE; Obverse: Short-bearded, mustachioed bust of king left, wearing double-banded diadem, segmented necklet with a medallion. Hair in five rows. Reverse: Archer (Arsaces) seated right on throne, holding bow and wearing bashlyk - monogram below. Legend possibly: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΘΕΟΥ ΕΥΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ (Of the) Great King Arsaces, the Just, the Noble, God-like, Friend of the Greeks. Reference: Sellwood #40.3; Shore #190.1 commentsmuseumguy
Mithradates_III.jpg
Parthia - Mithradates III (57-54 BCE)10 viewsMetal/Size: AR20; Weight: 3.94 grams; Denomination: Drachm; Mint: Kangavar; Date: 57-54 BCE; Obverse: Short-bearded, mustachioed bust of king left, wearing double-banded diadem, segmented necklet with a medallion. Circular border of pellets. Reverse: Beardless archer wearing bashlyk and cloak seated right on throne, holding bow in right hand; below bow, monogram [~]; no border; seven-line Greek inscription = ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΘΕΟΥ ΕΥΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ ((Of the) Great King Arsaces, the Just, the Noble, God-like, Friend of the Greeks). Reference: Sellwood #40.9; Shore #197.museumguy
Valerian_I_,_Pisidia,_Antioch,_AE-22_IMP_CAERAS_LL_OVNAHHIR_ANTIOC-HIO_CL__S_R_SNG_France_3-1316__Krzy__VII-35__Q-001_0h_21-22mm_4,24g-s.jpg
Pisidia, Antioch, 088p Valerian I., (253-260 A.D.), SNG France 3 1316, AE-22, S/R//--, ANTIO CHIO CL, Vexilium surmounted by eagle, #1114 viewsPisidia, Antioch, 088p Valerian I., (253-260 A.D.), SNG France 3 1316, AE-22, S/R//--, ANTIO CHIO CL, Vexilium surmounted by eagle, #1
avers: IMP CAERAS LL OVNAHHIR, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: ANTIO CHIO CL, Vexilium surmounted by an eagle, between two standards. S-R between the masts.
exergue: S/R//--, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 4,24g, axis: 0h,
mint: Pisidia, Antioch, date: 253 A.D., ref: SNG France 3, 1316; Krzy. VII, 35.,
Q-001
quadrans
028~6.JPG
Provence - Marquisat de Provence, Raimond V (1134-1194), France.4 viewsObole, argent, 0,38 g.
A/ + R COMES PALATII, croix de Toulouse.
R/ + DVX MARCHIO PV, croissant et étoile à huit branches dans le champ.
Réfs : Corpus Languedoc 2011, type 200 ; Poey d'Avant, type 3731 var.
Gabalor
111g.jpg
QUINTILLO (R/ PROVIDENT AVG) 270 d.C., Roma27 viewsMarco Aurelio Claudio QUINTILLO (270 d.C.), antoniniano. Zecca di Roma
AE, gr 3,3, mm 19,4, 180°, MB
D/ IMP C M AVR CL QVINTILLVS AVG, busto drappeggiato e corazzato a dx
R/ PROVIDENT AVG, Providentia stante a sx con bastone e scettro, globo ai piedi, stigma nel campo a dx
RIC V-1, 29, Hunter 16; Cohen 61
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (22 aprile 2008, numero catalogo 110); ex collezione Giuliano Occhiodoro, Ancona Italia (fino al 2008).
paolo
1nummo_vandalo_unite.jpg
Regno vandalo di Sardegna, nummo, Ilderico (523-530 d.C.)33 viewsREGNO VANDALO IN SARDEGNA - ILDERICO (523-530 d.C.): NUMMO
AE, zecca sarda, 0,43gr., 8mm.
D/ Busto corazzato, paludato e diademato di Ilderico a destra; intorno, pseudo-leggenda DN HILDRIX REX, costituita da trattini. Il tutto entro cerchio lineare.
R/ Vittoria stante verso destra.
Rif.: Lulliri 73
Nota: questa emissione fa parte delle imitazioni sardo vandaliche ai tipi nord africani a nome di Ilderico. Altre interpretazioni collocano la produzione in Nord Africa.
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (30 settembre 2007, numero catalogo 73); ex collezione Marco Piga (Cagliari, fino al 2007).
Discusso sul sito lamoneta.it nel 2007 e sul sito FAC italiano (http://www.forumancientcoins.com) nel dicembre 2012.
paolo
CARAC2.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Geta, AD 209-212. AR Denarius minted at Rome, AD 211 JANUS75 viewsGeta, AD 209-212. AR Denarius minted at Rome, AD 211. Laureate head right of mature Geta. Reverse: Janus standing facing, resting on spear and holding thunderbolt. Sear 7251; RIC 79. Very scarce and interesting. Choice Very Fine.


Provenance: Ex Freeman & Sear Mail Bid Sale 2, 31 January 1996, lot 575; The Joseph Melchione Collection.

3 commentsAdrian W
XIANFENG_H_5_230.JPG
Schjöth ---, Hartill (QC) 5.230 Type L1, Hartill (CCC) 22.690, KM C 1-6.110 viewsXianfeng (1851-1861)

10 cash (cast brass), June 1853 – February 1854, Board of Revenue Mint (in Beijing), east branch, 37 mm.

Obv: Xianfeng zhongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan (left and right), dang shi ([value ten] top and bottom).

Type L is comprised of large-sized coins (diameter over 35 mm.; nominal weight 6 qian [= 22.38 grams], actual weight 18-20 grams), with square characters. Those issued by the east branch of the Board of Revenue mint have an er bao and a six stroke bei.

Hartill (QC) rarity 7
Stkp
XUANTONG_H_5_85.JPG
Schjöth ----, Hartill (QC) 5.85 Type A1, Hartill (CCC) 22.1514, KM C 1-1916 viewsXuantong = “Henry” Puyi (1909-1912)

1 cash (cast brass), 1909-1912, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), northern branch, 19 mm.

Obv: Xuantong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A1 is comprised of coins with a small diameter (under 20 mm). Those issued by the northern branch of the Board of Revenue have a protruding head boo.

Hartill (QC) rarity 8
Stkp
SHUNZHI_S1405_H5_20.JPG
Schjöth 1405, Hartill 5.20 (Type E), KM 29320 viewsShunzhi (1644-1661)

One cash, 1657-1661, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), 27 mm.

Cast Bronze (officially 70% copper and 30% zinc, but actually on average 64.9% copper, 23.8 % zinc, 7.7% lead, 2.3 % tin, etc.), nominal weight 1.4 qian = 5.22 grams.

Obv: Shunzhi tongbao

Rev: Boo Chiowan to the left and right

Note: By the Edict of the Board of Revenue (November 1657) it was decreed that the name of the mint, Bao Quan (= Fountainhead of the Treasury) should be cast into the reverse of the coins in the Manchurian alphabet (as Boo Chiowan). This was the beginning of the familiar Qing cash pattern, in which there is a four-character Chinese obverse and a two-character Manchurian reverse.

Hartill rarity 10
Stkp
KANGXI_S1419_H5_25-27.JPG
Schjöth 1419, Hartill 5.25-27 (Hartill 5.25) Type A1.1, KM 311.1102 viewsKangxi (1662-1722)

1 cash, 1662-1683, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), 27 mm.

Cast Bronze (officially 60% copper and 40% zinc, but actually on average 67.4% copper, 21.9 % zinc, 7.0 % lead, 1.8 % tin, etc.), nominal weight 1.4 qian = 5.22 grams (but generally 4.2-5.0 grams).

Obv: Kangxi tongbao.

Rev: Boo Chiowan to the left and right.

Type A is comprised of coins with a seven stroke bei, two dot tong, and with a zigzag at the bottom of the tong radical. Those within subtype A1.1 are larger well-made coins with an actual weight of 4 grams or more and a diameter over 26 mm.

Hartill rarity 10
Stkp
KANGXI_S1419_H5_28-29.JPG
Schjöth 1419, Hartill 5.28-29 Type A1.2, KM --40 viewsKangxi (1662-1722)

1 cash, 1680s [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), 23.5 mm.

Cast Bronze (officially 60% copper and 40% zinc, but actually on average 67.4% copper, 21.9 % zinc, 7.0 % lead, 1.8 % tin, etc.), nominal weight 1.0 qian = (3.73 grams).

Obv: Kangxi tongbao.

Rev: Boo Chiowan to the left and right.

Type A is comprised of coins with a seven stroke bei, two dot tong, and with a zigzag at the bottom of the tong radical. Those within subtype A1.2 are smaller well-made coins with an actual weight under 4 grams and a diameter under 25 mm.

Hartill rarity 10
Stkp
KANGXI_S1419_H5_30.JPG
Schjöth 1419, Hartill 5.30 Type B1, KM --38 viewsKangxi (1662-1722)

1 cash, 1680[?]-1690s [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), 23.5 mm.

Cast Bronze (officially 60% copper and 40% zinc, but actually on average 60.7% copper, 30.1 % zinc, 6.6 % lead, 1.3 % tin, etc.), nominal weight 1.0 qian = (3.73 grams) but an actual weight of 3.4 grams or less.

Obv: Kangxi tongbao.

Rev: Boo Chiowan to the left and right.

Type B1 is comprised of small crudely-made coins with a closed tong head and a cursive chiowan. Type B coins do not lend themselves to easy classification.

Hartill rarity 10
Stkp
KANGXI_S1419_H5_32-33.JPG
Schjöth 1419, Hartill 5.32-33 Type B3, KM --29 viewsKangxi (1662-1722)

1 cash, 1680[?]-1690s [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), 22.5 mm.

Cast Bronze (officially 60% copper and 40% zinc, but actually on average 60.7% copper, 30.1 % zinc, 6.6 % lead, 1.3 % tin, etc.), nominal weight 1.0 qian = (3.73 grams) but an actual weight of 3.4 grams or less.

Obv: Kangxi tongbao.

Rev: Boo Chiowan to the left and right.

Type B3 is comprised of coins small crudely-made coins with a broad bei and a one dot tong. Type B coins do not lend themselves to easy classification.

Hartill rarity 10
Stkp
KANGXI_S1419_H5_34-38.JPG
Schjöth 1419, Hartill 5.34-38 Type B4, KM --23 viewsKangxi (1662-1722)

1 cash, 1680[?]-1690s[?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), 23 mm.

Cast Bronze (officially 60% copper and 40% zinc, but actually on average 60.7% copper, 30.1 % zinc, 6.6 % lead, 1.3 % tin, etc.), nominal weight 1.0 qian = (3.73 grams) but an actual weight of 3.4 grams or less.

Obv: Kangzxi tongbao.

Rev: Boo Chiowan to the left and right.

Type B4 is comprised of small crudely-made coins with a broad bei and a square headed tong, right protruding, normally with a protruding head boo. Type B coins do not lend themselves to easy classification.

Hartill rarity 10
Stkp
KANGXI_S1419_H5_41.JPG
Schjöth 1419, Hartill 5.40-41 Type C1.1, KM --37 viewsKangxi (1662-1722)

1 cash, 1690s[?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), 23 mm.

Cast Bronze (officially 60% copper and 40% zinc, but actually on average 61.9% copper, 35.9 % zinc, 1.2 % lead, etc.), nominal weight 1.4 qian = (5.22 grams) but an actual weight of 4.2-5.0 grams, except for underweight coins, such as this, weighing under 4 grams.

Obv: Kangxi tongbao.

Rev: Boo Chiowan to the left and right.

Type C1.1 is comprised of small coins weighing under 4 grams and a diameter under 25 mm, with a six stroke bei, a two dot tong, and a curved left-hand stroke of xi.

Hartill rarity 10
Stkp
KANGXI_S1419_H5_45.JPG
Schjöth 1419, Hartill 5.45-47 Type D2, KM 311.1a33 viewsKangxi (1662-1722)

1 cash, 1714-1722, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), 25.5 mm.

Cast Bronze (officially 60% copper and 40% zinc, but actually on average 61.9% copper, 35.9 % zinc, 1.2 % lead, etc.), nominal weight 1.4 qian = (5.22 grams) but an actual weight of 4.2-5.0 grams.

Obv: Kangxi tongbao.

Rev: Boo Chiowan to the left and right.

Type D2 is comprised of coins with a seven stroke bei, a one dot tong, broad rims and a xi in the normal Kangxi style.

Hartill rarity 10
Stkp
QIANLONG_S_1463_H_5_115.JPG
Schjöth 1463, Hartill 5.115 Type H.1, KM 389165 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1796-1798 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), east branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

The Shanlongs (Type H) were cast during the period in which Qianlong had officially abdicated in favor of Jiaqing, but was still ruling as the Great Super Emperor (1796-1800). The type is comprised of coins with a special form of long and a closed bei.

Subtype H.1 is comprised of coins with vertical dots in the tong. The east branch of the mint cast coins with a six stroke bei and a square head tong.

Hartill rarity 9
Stkp
QIANLONG_S_1463_H_5_116.JPG
Schjöth 1463, Hartill 5.116 Type H.1, KM 389150 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1796-1798 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), south branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

The Shanlongs (Type H) were cast during the period in which Qianlong had officially abdicated in favor of Jiaqing, but was still ruling as the Great Super Emperor (1796-1800). The type is comprised of coins with a special form of long and a closed bei.

Subtype H.1 is comprised of coins with vertical dots in the tong. The south branch of the mint cast coins with a straight gan and a square head tong.

Hartill rarity 9
Stkp
QIANLONG_S_1463_H_5_117.JPG
Schjöth 1463, Hartill 5.117 Type H.1, KM 389138 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1796-1798 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), west branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

The Shanlongs (Type H) were cast during the period in which Qianlong had officially abdicated in favor of Jiaqing, but was still ruling as the Great Super Emperor (1796-1800). The type is comprised of coins with a special form of long and a closed bei.

Subtype H.1 is comprised of coins with vertical dots in the tong. The west branch of the mint cast coins with a curved, closed head tong.

Hartill rarity 9
Stkp
QIANLONG_S_1463_H_5_118.JPG
Schjöth 1463, Hartill 5.118 Type H.1, KM 389112 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1796-1798 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), north branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

The Shanlongs (Type H) were cast during the period in which Qianlong had officially abdicated in favor of Jiaqing, but was still ruling as the Great Super Emperor (1796-1800). The type is comprised of coins with a special form of long and a closed bei.

Subtype H.1 is comprised of coins with vertical dots in the tong. The north branch of the mint cast coins without privy marks and a square head tong.

Hartill rarity 9
Stkp
QIANLONG_S_1464_H_5_104.JPG
Schjöth 1464, Hartill 5.104 Type F2, KM 387.1102 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1775 [?] -1781 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), west branch, 23 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type F is comprised of coins with a hook yi, a square head tong (except for the west branch) with a straight radical, a round head boo, chiowan in cursive style, a slanging gan (except for the south branch), and a diameter around 23 mm.

Subtype F2 coins have larger and coarser characters than do Type F1 coins, and the top of the boo is well above the hole. The west branch coins have a distinctive upward curving head on the tong.

Hartill rarity 11
Stkp
QIANLONG_S_1464_H_5_106.JPG
Schjöth 1464, Hartill 5.106 Type G1, KM 387.188 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1782 [?] -1795, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), east branch, 22.5 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type G is comprised of coins with a hook yi, a square head tong (except for the west branch) a protruding head boo, chiowan in regular style, a slanting gan (except for the south branch), and a diameter of 23 mm or less. The workmanship is often poor.

Subtype G1 coins have small rims. The east branch coins havea six stroke bei.

Hartill rarity 11
Stkp
QIANLONG_S_1464_H_5_108-09.JPG
Schjöth 1464, Hartill 5.108-109 Type G1, KM 387.185 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1782 [?] -1795, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), west branch, 20 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type G is comprised of coins with a hook yi, a square head tong (except for the west branch) a protruding head boo, chiowan in regular style, a slanting gan (except for the south branch), and a diameter of 23 mm or less. The workmanship is often poor.

Subtype G1 coins have small rims. The west branch coins have a distinctive upward curving head on tong.

Hartill rarity 11
Stkp
QIANLONG_S_1464_H_5_74-78.JPG
Schjöth 1464, Hartill 5.74-78 Type B.1, KM 387.1112 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1740-1745 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), 25 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type B is comprised of coins with a Z yi, closed head tong, round head boo, and no privy marks. During the twenty years that this type was issued, there must have been numerous changes in ancestor coins, so that although there was no conscious change in type, the natural drift towards smaller coins resulted in three types being distinguishable; however, these types are not always clear cut.

Subtype B.1 coins have broad rims, a distinct gap between the os of boo, and a diameter of around 25 mm.

Hartill rarity 11
Stkp
QIANLONG_S_1464_H_5_85-86.JPG
Schjöth 1464, Hartill 5.85-86 Type B.3, KM 387.195 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1754 [?] -1760 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), 23 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type B is comprised of coins with a Z yi, closed head tong, round head boo, and no privy marks. During the twenty years that this type was issued, there must have been numerous changes in ancestor coins, so that although there was no conscious change in type, the natural drift towards smaller coins resulted in three types being distinguishable; however, these types are not always clear cut.

Subtype B.3 coins have normal rims, a diameter of 23-24 mm, characters on the reverse are often course, there is little gap between the os of boo, and the bottom horizontal stroke of bei is above the line of the hole.

Hartill rarity 11
Stkp
JIAQING_S_1489_H_5_146.JPG
Schjöth 1489, Hartill (QC) 5.146 Type A2, KM 440.139 viewsJiaqing (1796-1820)

1 cash (cast brass), 1797 – 1818 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), south branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Jiaqing tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A is comprised of coins with a closed bei. Type A2 is comprised of coins that are slightly smaller than Type A1 coins, and with a small ji in jia. The south branch of the mint cast coins with square head, two dot tong.

Hartill rarity 11
Stkp
JIAQING_S_1489_H_5_152.JPG
Schjöth 1489, Hartill (QC) 5.152 Type A2a, KM 440.449 viewsJiaqing (1796-1820)

1 cash (cast brass), 1799 [?] – 1802 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), north branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Jiaqing tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A is comprised of coins with a closed bei. Type A2 is comprised of coins that are slightly smaller than Type A1 coins, and with a small ji in jia. Type A2a coins are comprised of those with a dot on the rverse above the hole. The north branch of the mint cast coins with a protruding head boo.

Hartill rarity 10
Stkp
JIAQING_S_1489_H_5_153.JPG
Schjöth 1489, Hartill (QC) 5.153 Type B1, KM 440.133 viewsJiaqing (1796-1820)

1 cash (cast brass), 1803 [?] – 1815 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), east branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Jiaqing tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type B is comprised of coins with an open bei. They are smaller than Type A2 coins and often of poor workmanship, and have a small ji in jia. Type B1 coins are comprised of those with a rectangular component in ji. The east branch of the mint cast coins with a six stroke bei and a closed head tong.

Hartill rarity 11
Stkp
JIAQING_S_1489_H_5_154.JPG
Schjöth 1489, Hartill (QC) 5.154 Type B1, KM 440.140 viewsJiaqing (1796-1820)

1 cash (cast brass), 1803 [?] – 1815 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), south branch, 22 mm.

Obv: Jiaqing tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type B is comprised of coins with an open bei. They are smaller than Type A2 coins and often of poor workmanship, and have a small ji in jia. Type B1 coins are comprised of those with a rectangular component in ji. The south branch of the mint cast coins with a square head, two dot tong.

Hartill rarity 11
Stkp
JIAQING_S_1489_H_5_155.JPG
Schjöth 1489, Hartill (QC) 5.155 Type B1, KM 440.133 viewsJiaqing (1796-1820)

1 cash (cast brass), 1803 [?] – 1815 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), west branch, 23 mm.

Obv: Jiaqing tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type B is comprised of coins with an open bei. They are smaller than Type A2 coins and often of poor workmanship, and have a small ji in jia. Type B1 coins are comprised of those with a rectangular component in ji. The west branch of the mint cast coins with a closed head, one dot tong.

Hartill rarity 11
Stkp
JIAQING_S_1489_H_5_156.JPG
Schjöth 1489, Hartill (QC) 5.156 Type B1, KM 440.139 viewsJiaqing (1796-1820)

1 cash (cast brass), 1803 [?] – 1815 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), north branch, 23 mm.

Obv: Jiaqing tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type B is comprised of coins with an open bei. They are smaller than Type A2 coins and often of poor workmanship, and have a small ji in jia. Type B1 coins are comprised of those with a rectangular component in ji. The north branch of the mint cast coins with a protruding head boo.

Hartill rarity 11
Stkp
JIAQING_S_1489_H_5_157.JPG
Schjöth 1489, Hartill (QC) 5.157 Type B2, KM 440.129 viewsJiaqing (1796-1820)

1 cash (cast brass), 1810 [?] – 1815 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), east branch, 23 mm.

Obv: Jiaqing tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type B is comprised of coins with an open bei. They are smaller than Type A2 coins and often of poor workmanship, and have a small ji in jia. Type B2 coins are comprised of those with a trapezoidal component in ji. The east branch of the mint cast coins with a six stroke bei and a closed head boo.

Hartill rarity
Stkp
JIAQING_S_1489_H_5_160.JPG
Schjöth 1489, Hartill (QC) 5.160 Type B2, KM 440.120 viewsJiaqing (1796-1820)

1 cash (cast brass), 1810 [?] – 1815 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), north branch, 22 mm.

Obv: Jiaqing tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type B is comprised of coins with an open bei. They are smaller than Type A2 coins and often of poor workmanship, and have a small ji in jia. Type B2 coins are comprised of those with a trapezoidal component in ji. The northh branch of the mint cast coins with a protruding head boo.

Hartill rarity 11
Stkp
JIAQING_S_1489_H_5_161.JPG
Schjöth 1489, Hartill (QC) 5.161 Type C1, KM 440.118 viewsJiaqing (1796-1820)

1 cash (cast brass), 1816 [?] – 1820 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), east branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Jiaqing tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type C is comprised of coins in which the top stroke of bao is a distinct dot. The bei is squarish, with feet as distinct strokes at the corners (except for the coins cast at the east branch of the mint). The size is variable. Type C1 coins are comprised of those with a curved left-hand stroke of the qing. The east branch of the mint cast coins with a six stroke bei and a closed head tong.

Hartill rarity 11
Stkp
JIAQING_S_1489_H_5_162.JPG
Schjöth 1489, Hartill (QC) 5.162 Type C1, KM 440.123 viewsJiaqing (1796-1820)

1 cash (cast brass), 1816 [?] – 1820 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), south branch, 25 mm.

Obv: Jiaqing tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type C is comprised of coins in which the top stroke of bao is a distinct dot. The bei is squarish, with feet as distinct strokes at the corners (except for the coins cast at the east branch of the mint). The size is variable. Type C1 coins are comprised of those with a curved left-hand stroke of the qing. The south branch of the mint cast coins with a square head, two dot tong.

Hartill rarity 11
Stkp
JIAQING_S_1489_H_5_163.JPG
Schjöth 1489, Hartill (QC) 5.163 Type C1, KM 440.121 viewsJiaqing (1796-1820)

1 cash (cast brass), 1816 [?] – 1820 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), west branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Jiaqing tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type C is comprised of coins in which the top stroke of bao is a distinct dot. The bei is squarish, with feet as distinct strokes at the corners (except for the coins cast at the east branch of the mint). The size is variable. Type C1 coins are comprised of those with a curved left-hand stroke of the qing. The west branch of the mint cast coins with a closed head, one dot tong.

Hartill rarity 11
Stkp
JIAQING_S_1489_H_5_167.JPG
Schjöth 1489, Hartill (QC) 5.167 Type C2, KM 440.122 viewsJiaqing (1796-1820)

1 cash (cast brass), 1816 [?] – 1820 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), west branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Jiaqing tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type C is comprised of coins in which the top stroke of bao is a distinct dot. The bei is squarish, with feet as distinct strokes at the corners (except for the coins cast at the east branch of the mint). The size is variable. Type C2 coins are comprised of those with a straight left-hand stroke of the qing. The west branch of the mint cast coins with a closed head, one dot tong.

Hartill rarity 11
Stkp
DAOGUANG_S_1512_H_5_190.JPG
Schjöth 1512, Hartill (QC) 5.190 Type A2, Hartill (CCC) 22.575, KM C 1-374 viewsDaoguang (1821-1850)

1 cash (cast brass), 1821-1823 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), south branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Daoguang tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A is comprised of coins which have a large Guang, with the bottom left-hand stroke at an angle of about 45° to the horizontal. Type A2 is comprised of coins in which the radical of tong is written as a continuous horizontal stroke at the bottom. The coins issued by the south branch of the mint have a square head, two dot tong.

Hartill (QC) rarity 11
Stkp
DAOGUANG_S_1512_H_5_193.JPG
Schjöth 1512, Hartill (QC) 5.193 Type B, Hartill (CCC) 22.578, KM C 1-330 viewsDaoguang (1821-1850)

1 cash (cast brass), 1824 [?]-1850, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), east branch, 23 mm.

Obv: Daoguang tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type B is comprised of coins which have a small Guang, with the bottom left-hand stroke at an angle of about 60° to the horizontal. The coins issued by the east branch of the mint have a six stroke bei and a closed head tong.

There are many degenerate specimens of Type B, and it becomes hard to tell which were made by the official mint and which are the work of private forgers.

Hartill (QC) rarity 11
Stkp
DAOGUANG_S_1512_H_5_194.JPG
Schjöth 1512, Hartill (QC) 5.194 Type B, Hartill (CCC) 22.579, KM C 1-317 viewsDaoguang (1821-1850)

1 cash (cast brass), 1823 [?]-1850, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), south branch, 22.5 mm.

Obv: Daoguang tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type B is comprised of coins which have a small Guang, with the bottom left-hand stroke at an angle of about 60° to the horizontal. The coins issued by the south branch of the mint have a square head, two dot tong.

There are many degenerate specimens of Type B, and it becomes hard to tell which were made by the official mint and which are the work of private forgers.

Hartill (QC) rarity 11
Stkp
DAOGUANG_S_1512_H_5_195.JPG
Schjöth 1512, Hartill (QC) 5.195 Type B, Hartill (CCC) 22.580, KM C 1-310 viewsDaoguang (1821-1850)

1 cash (cast brass), 1823 [?]-1850, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), west branch, 23 mm.

Obv: Daoguang tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type B is comprised of coins which have a small Guang, with the bottom left-hand stroke at an angle of about 60° to the horizontal. The coins issued by the west branch of the mint have a closed head, one dot tong.

There are many degenerate specimens of Type B, and it becomes hard to tell which were made by the official mint and which are the work of private forgers.

Hartill (QC) rarity 11
Stkp
DAOGUANG_S_1512_H_5_196.JPG
Schjöth 1512, Hartill (QC) 5.196 Type B, Hartill (CCC) 22.581, KM C 1-321 viewsDaoguang (1821-1850)

1 cash (cast brass), 1823 [?]-1850, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), north branch, 22 mm.

Obv: Daoguang tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type B is comprised of coins which have a small Guang, with the bottom left-hand stroke at an angle of about 60° to the horizontal. The coins issued by the north branch of the mint have a protruding head boo.

There are many degenerate specimens of Type B, and it becomes hard to tell which were made by the official mint and which are the work of private forgers.

Hartill (QC) rarity 11
Stkp
XIANFENG_S_1534_H_5_216.JPG
Schjöth 1534, Hartill (QC) 5.216 Type B1, Hartill (CCC) 22.680, KM C 1-419 viewsXianfeng (1851-1861)

1 cash (cast brass), 1853 [?]-1857 [?], Board of Revenue Mint (in Beijing), south branch, 22.5 mm.

Obv: Xianfeng tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type B is comprised, for the most part, of coins with a rectangular bei, with feet attached at the corners. They have a nominal weight of 1 qian (= 3.73 grams). Those issued by the southern branch of the Board of Revenue mint have a square head, two dot tong.

Hartill (QC) rarity 9
Stkp
GUANGXU_S_1603_H_5_335.JPG
Schjöth 1603, Hartill (QC) 5.335 Type A2, Hartill (CCC) 22.1291, KM C 1-17 17 viewsGUANGXU (1875-1908)

10 cash (cast brass), 1879 [?] -1880 [?], Board of Revenue Mint (in Beijing), south branch, 30 mm.

Obv: Guangxu zhongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A is comprised of large coins with a nominal weight of 3.2 qian (= 11.936 gr.). In Type A2 coins, the top three strokes of guang are angled from the top down. The coins issued by the south branch have an er bao and a seven stroke bei.

Hartill (QC) rarity 7
Stkp
GUANGXU_S_1603_H_5_336.JPG
Schjöth 1603, Hartill (QC) 5.336 Type A2, Hartill (CCC) 22.1292, KM C 1-1713 viewsGUANGXU (1875-1908)

10 cash (cast brass), 1879 [?] -1880 [?], Board of Revenue Mint (in Beijing), west branch, 31 mm.

Obv: Guangxu zhongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A is comprised of large coins with a nominal weight of 3.2 qian (= 11.936 gr.). In Type A2 coins, the top three strokes of guang are angled from the top down. The coins issued by the west branch have a fou bao and a seven stroke bei.

Hartill (QC) rarity 7
Stkp
GUANGXU_H_5_290.JPG
Schjöth ----, Hartill (QC) 5.290 Type A1 & (CCC) 22.1275, KM C1-1611 viewsGuangxu (1875-1908)

1 cash (cast brass), 1887-1899 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), east branch, 21.5 mm.

Obv: Guangxu tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A1 is comprised of larger coins with a diameter over 20 mm., an actual weight over 3 grams, and a nominal weight of 1 qian (= 3.73 grams). The coins issued by the east branch of the Board of Revenue mint have six stroke bei and a closed head tong.

Hartill (QC) rarity 9 and (CCC) 15.
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GUANGXU_H_5_291.JPG
Schjöth ----, Hartill (QC) 5.291 Type A1 & (CCC) 22.1276, KM C1-1611 viewsGuangxu (1875-1908)

1 cash (cast brass), 1887-1899 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), south branch, 22 mm.

Obv: Guangxu tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A1 is comprised of larger coins with a diameter over 20 mm., an actual weight over 3 grams, and a nominal weight of 1 qian (= 3.73 grams). The coins issued by the south branch of the Board of Revenue mint have square head, two dot tong.

Hartill (QC) rarity 9 and (CCC) 15.
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GUANGXU_H_5_292.JPG
Schjöth ----, Hartill (QC) 5.292 Type A1 & (CCC) 22.1277, KM C1-1610 viewsGuangxu (1875-1908)

1 cash (cast brass), 1887-1899 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), west branch, 22 mm.

Obv: Guangxu tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A1 is comprised of larger coins with a diameter over 20 mm., an actual weight over 3 grams, and a nominal weight of 1 qian (= 3.73 grams). The coins issued by the east branch of the Board of Revenue mint have a closed head two one tong.

Hartill (QC) rarity 9 and (CCC) 15.
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GUANGXU_H_5_293.JPG
Schjöth ----, Hartill (QC) 5.293 Type A1 & (CCC) 22.1278, KM C1-1611 viewsGuangxu (1875-1908)

1 cash (cast brass), 1887-1899 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), north branch, 22 mm.

Obv: Guangxu tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A1 is comprised of larger coins with a diameter over 20 mm., an actual weight over 3 grams, and a nominal weight of 1 qian (= 3.73 grams). The coins issued by the north branch of the Board of Revenue mint have protruding head boo.

Hartill (QC) rarity 9 and (CCC) 15.
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GUANGXU_H_5_295.JPG
Schjöth ----, Hartill (QC) 5.295 Type A2 & (CCC) 22.1280, KM C1-1621 viewsGuangxu (1875-1908)

1 cash (cast brass), 1900 [?]-1908 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), north branch, 19 mm.

Obv: Guangxu tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A2 is comprised of smaller coins with a diameter under 20 mm., an actual weight under 3 grams, and a nominal weight of 6 fen (= 2.24 grams). The coins issued by the north branch of the Board of Revenue mint have a protruding head boo.

Hartill (QC) rarity 9 and (CCC) 15.
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GUANGXU_H_6_160.JPG
Schjöth ----, Hartill (QC) 6.160 Type A1 & (CCC) 22.1306A, KM C2-1528 viewsGuangxu (1875-1908)

1 cash (cast brass), 1887 -1897 [?], Board of Works mint (in Beijing), new branch, 20 mm.

Obv: Guangxu tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A1 is comprised of larger coins with a diameter over 20 mm., an actual weight over 3 grams, and a nominal weight of 1 qian (= 3.73 grams). The coins issued by the north branch of the Board of Works mint have a closed hear, two dot tong.

Hartill (QC) rarity 9 and (CCC) 15.
Stkp
Yongzhen_Schjoth_1453_Hartill_5_64-65.jpg
Schjöth 1453, Hartill (QC) Type C1.b 5.64-65 and (CCC) 22.154, KM --8 viewsYongzheng (1723-1735)

1 cash (cast brass), 1734-1735, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), 3.32 g., 25.08 mm.

Obv: Yongzheng tongbao.

Rev: Boo (in Manchurian) to the left, chiowan (in Manchurian) to the right.

Type B is comprised of coins with a two dot tong, a nominal weight of 1.2 qian (= 4.476 grams), and large Manchu words. Subtype C1.a coins have a narrow tong.

Hartill rarity 10 (QC) and 15 (CCC).
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QIANLONG_S_1463_H_5_119.JPG
Schjöth 1463, Hartill 5.119 Type H2 (QC) & 22.235 (CCC), KM 38933 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1799 [?] - 1800 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), east branch, 25 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

The Shanlongs (Type H) were cast during the period in which Qianlong had officially abdicated in favor of Jiaqing, but was still ruling as the Great Super Emperor (1796-1800). The type is comprised of coins with a special form of long and a closed bei.

Subtype H2 is comprised of coins with oblique dots in the tong. The east branch of the mint cast coins with a six stroke bei and a square head tong.

Hartill rarity 9 (CCC) & 14 (CCC).
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QIANLONG_S_1463_H_5_126.JPG
Schjöth 1463, Hartill 5.126 Type H3 (QC) & 22.242 (CCC), KM 38930 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1800 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), north branch, 22 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

The Shanlongs (Type H) were cast during the period in which Qianlong had officially abdicated in favor of Jiaqing, but was still ruling as the Great Super Emperor (1796-1800). The type is comprised of coins with a special form of long and a closed bei.

Subtype H3 is comprised of coins with horizontal dots in the tong. The north branch of the mint cast coins with a curved, closed head tong, and a protruding head boo.

Hartill rarity 8 (CCC) & 13 (CCC)
Stkp
QIANLONG_S_1464_H_5_100.JPG
Schjöth 1464, Hartill 5.100 Type F (QC) & 22.217 Type F1 (CCC), KM 387.126 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1774 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), west branch, 23.5 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type F is comprised of coins with a hook yi, a square head tong (except for the west branch) with a straight radical, a round head boo, chiowan in cursive style, a slanting gan (except for the south branch), and a diameter around 23 mm. The west branch coins have a distinctive upward curving head on the tong.

Hartill rarity 11 (QC) & 15 (CCC).
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QIANLONG_S_1464_H_5_103.JPG
Schjöth 1464, Hartill 5.103 Type F2 (QC) & 22.222 Type F2 (CCC), KM 387.127 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1775[?] -1781[?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), south branch, 23 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type F is comprised of coins with a hook yi, a square head tong (except for the west branch) with a straight radical, a round head boo, chiowan in cursive style, a slanting gan (except for the south branch), and a diameter around 23 mm. Type F2 coins are larger and courser than F1 coins, and the top of boo is well above the hole. The south branch coins have a straight gan.

Hartill rarity 11 (QC) & 16 (CCC).
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QIANLONG_S_1464_H_5_110.JPG
Schjöth 1464, Hartill 5.110 Type G1 (QC) & 22.226 Type G1 (CCC), KM 387.135 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1782 [?] - 1795, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), north branch, 22 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type G is comprised of coins with a hook yi, a square head tong (except for the west branch), a protruding head boo, chiowan in rectangular style, a slanting gan (except for the south branch), and a diameter around 23 mm. or less. The north branch coins have a protruding head fu.

Hartill rarity 11 (QC) & 16 (CCC).
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QIANLONG_S_1464_H_5_93.JPG
Schjöth 1464, Hartill 5.93 Type D2 (QC) & 22.210 Type D (CCC), KM 387.129 views
Qianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1761 [?] – 1767 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), north branch, 22.5 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type D is comprised of coins with a Z yi, a square head tong with a slanting radical, and a protruding head boo. The diameter is around 23 mm. In Type D2 coins the vertical stroke of the tong radical is not wavy. The north branch coins have a protruding fu.

Hartill rarity 11 (QC) & 16 (CCC).
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QIANLONG_S_1464_H_5_94.JPG
Schjöth 1464, Hartill 5.94 Type E (QC) & 22.211 Type E (CCC), KM 387.125 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1768 [?] – 1773 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), east branch, 23.5 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type E is comprised of coins with a Z yi, a square head tong with a slanting radical, and a round head boo. The chiowan becomes increasingly regular, and the diameter is around 23 mm. The east branch coins have a six stroke bei.

Hartill rarity 11 (QC) & 16 (CCC).
Stkp
QIANLONG_S_1464,_H_5_96.JPG
Schjöth 1464, Hartill 5.96 Type E (QC) & 22.213 Type E (CCC), KM 387.119 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1768 [?] – 1773 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), west branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type E is comprised of coins with a Z yi, a square head tong with a slanting radical, and a round head boo. The chiowan becomes increasingly regular, and the diameter is around 23 mm. The west branch coins have a connecting stroke between the head and body of tong.

Hartill rarity 11 (QC) & 16 (CCC).
Stkp
QIANLONG_S_1464_H_5_98.JPG
Schjöth 1464, Hartill 5.98 Type F (QC) & 22.215 Type F1 (CCC), KM 387.120 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1774 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), east branch, 23 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type F is comprised of coins with a hook yi, a square head tong (except for the west branch) with a straight radical, a round head boo, chiowan in cursive style, a slanting gan (except for the south branch), and a diameter around 23 mm. The east branch coins have a six stroke bei.

Hartill rarity 11 (QC) & 15 (CCC).
Stkp
JIAQING_S_1489_H_5_147.JPG
Schjöth 1489, Hartill 5.147 Type A2 (QC) & 22.447 Type A2 (CCC), KM 440.118 viewsJiaqing (1796-1820)

1 cash (cast brass), 1799 [?] – 1802 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), west branch, 23 mm.

Obv: Jiaqing tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A is comprised of coins with a closed bei. Type A2 is comprised of coins that are slightly smaller than Type A1 coins, and with a small ji in jia. The west branch of the mint cast coins with closed head, one dot tong.

Hartill rarity 11 (QC) & 16 (CCC)
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DAOGUANG_S_1512_H_5_189.JPG
Schjöth 1512, Hartill (QC) 5.189 Type A2 & 22.574 Type A2 (CCC), KM C 1-344 viewsDaoguang (1821-1850)

1 cash (cast brass), 1821-1823 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), east branch, 23.5 mm.

Obv: Daoguang tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A is comprised of coins which have a large Guang, with the bottom left-hand stroke at an angle of about 45° to the horizontal. Type A2 is comprised of coins in which the radical of tong is written as a continuous horizontal stroke at the bottom. The coins issued by the east branch of the mint have a six stroke bei and a closed head two dot tong.

Hartill rarity 11 (QC) & 16 (CCC).
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XIANFENG_S_1534_H_5_210.JPG
Schjöth 1534, Hartill (QC) 5.210 Type A1, Hartill (CCC) 22.675, KM C 1-411 viewsXianfeng (1851-1861)

1 cash (cast brass), 1851-1853 [?], Board of Revenue Mint (in Beijing), east branch, 21.5 mm.

Obv: Xianfeng tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A is comprised of coins that are similar in style to Daoguang Type B coins. The bei is squarish, with feet as distinct strokes at the corners (except for the east branch), and a nominal weight of 1.2 qian (=4.476 grams). Those from the east branch have a six stroke bei and a closed head tong.

Hartill rarity (QC) 9 and (CCC) 15.
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XIANFENG_S_1534_H_5_215.JPG
Schjöth 1534, Hartill (QC) 5.215 Type B, Hartill (CCC) 22.679, KM C 1-411 viewsXianfeng (1851-1861)

1 cash (cast brass), 1853 [?]-1857 [?], Board of Revenue Mint (in Beijing), east branch, 22 mm.

Obv: Xianfeng tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type B is comprised of coins in which the bei is rectangular, with feet attached at the corners (except for the east branch), and a nominal weight of 1 qian (=3.73 grams). Those from the east branch have a six stroke bei and a closed head tong.

Hartill rarity (QC) 9 and (CCC) 15.
Stkp
TONGZHI_S_1600_H_5_284.JPG
Schjöth 1600, Hartill (QC) 5.284 & 22.1129 var. (size) (CCC), KM C 1-15.119 viewsTongzhi (1862-1874)

10 cash (cast brass), 1862-1874, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), east branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Tongzhi zhongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan left and right, dang shi (value ten) top and bottom.

Type A (the Xianfent Type M2) is the only type cast for 10 cash coins. It is a very variable in size and workmanship. This is a smaller degenerate specimen, but the mint branch is nevertheless discernable. It corresponds to Hartill (QC) 5.275, as the fou bao is discernable and it has a six stroke bei.

Hartill (QC) rarity 9 and (CCC) 14.
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005.JPG
Scramasax - Sax (short sword) 9th century - Germany.134 viewsThis type of sword "remained almost unchanged until the end of the Viking period, and survived throughout the Middle Ages as the falchion, and on into modern times under the guise of the sabre.
This sword is the typical form of the so-called broken-back style seax. These seaxes have a sharp angled transition between the back section of the blade and the point, the latter generally forming 1/3 to 3/5 of the blade length. These seaxes exist both in long seax variety (edge and back parallel) and in smaller blades of various lengths (blade expanding first, then narrowing towards the tip after the kink). They occurred mostly in the UK and Ireland, with some examples in Germany around 8th-11th century. Some examples have pattern welded blades, while others have inlays of silver, copper, brass, etc.
Distinctive notching can be seen on the back of the blade toward where the handle would have ended and a so called (incorrectly so) double blood groove follows two thirds of the blade.
dated - 9th century - Germany.
Blade length - 262mm
Blade width - 49mm
Tang length - 105mm
Blade weight - 350g
1 commentslorry66
sphinx_(1).JPG
sphinx135 viewsChios , 10mm , 0.99g1 commentsXLi
sphinx_collage_11.jpg
SPHINX COLLAGE51 viewsTop row: Ionia, Chios; Egypt, Alexandria (A. Pius)
Middle row: Spain, Castulo; Caria, Canus; Troas, Gergis
Bottom row: Ionia, Chios; Ionia, Chios
2 commentslaney
sphinx_collage_7_19.jpg
SPHINX COLLAGE b22 viewsTop row: Ionia, Chios; Ionia, Chios; Ionia, Chios
Middle row: Spain, Castulo; Caria, Canus; Troas, Gergis
Bottom row: Troas, Gergis; Ionia, Chios; Egypt, Alexandria (A. Pius); Sicily, Himera
1 commentslaney
sphinx_collage_rev_03_19_2019.jpg
SPHINX COLLECTION21 viewsTop row: Chios, Ionia; Chios Ionia; Chios, Ionia
Middle row: Spain, Castulo; Caria, Canus; Troas, Gergis
Bottom row: Chios; Ionia; Egypt; Alexandria (A. Pius)
2 commentslaney
Valerian_I_Standards.JPG
Valerian I Standards (I think)18 viewsValerian I, Pisidia Antioch, 22mm, 4.5g, axis 0o
OBV: IMP CAE RASLLOVNAHHIO, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV: ANTIO-CHIO[?]L, Vexillum with eagle on top, legionary standards on either side eagles on top, legend outside edge,
SR in exergue

Unpublished with this reverse legend
Romanorvm
vallindi1250OR.jpg
Valerian I, Lindgren I, 1250 var.71 viewsAntioch, Pisidia mint, Valerian I 253-260 A.D. AE, 20mm 4.72g, Lindgren I, 1250 var.
O: IMP CAERAS LL OVNAHHIR, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: ANTIO-OCHIOC, Vexillum surmounted by eagle between two standards. S R in exergue.
1 commentscasata137ec
Valerian_Antioch_Standards_AE21_4.7g.jpg
Valerian, Antioch, Standards, AE2131 viewsAE21, 4.7g
radiate and draped bust right
rev: ANTIO-OCHIOC, S A in exergue, aquila between two standards
areich
VOLUSIAN-1-ROMAN.jpg
Volusian, Roman Provincial Antiochia27 viewsAE21 Provincial
Antiochia, Pisidia mint, 251-253 A.D.
4.89g, 21mm
GIC-4361var.

Obverse:
IMP CAE RALLOVNIL AVG
Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse:
ANTIOCHIO CL
S R
Legionary eagle between two standards.
1 commentsWill J
011.JPG
YEAR-END REVIEW OF GREEK COLLECTION (OBVERSE)107 viewsClick on picture for bigger resolution.

Top row from left to right: MYSIA, PERGAMMON. Eumenes I AR Tetradrachm. Circa 263-241 BC **ILLYRIA, DYRRHACHION. AR Stater. Circa 340-280 BC**IONIA, SMYRNA. AR “Stephanophoric” Tetradrachm. Circa 150-145 BC** PELOPONNESOS, SIKYON. AR Stater. Circa 335-330 BC**ATTICA, ATHENS. “New style” Tetradrachm. Circa 169 BC.

Sixth row: BACTRIA, Antialkidas. AR Drachm. Circa 145-135 BC**CAPPADOCIA. Ariobarzanes I AR Drachm. Circa 96-63 BC**THRACE, ABDERA. AR Tetrobol. Circa 360-350 BC**THRACE, CHERSONESSOS. AR Hemidrachm. Circa 386-338 BC.

Fifth row: IONIA, EPHESOS. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 405-390 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Mazaios AR Stater. Circa 361-334 BC **MACEDONIA. Kassander AR Tetradrachm. Circa 317-315 BC**AKARNANIA, LEUKAS. AR Stater. Circa 320-280 BC**PAMPHYLIA, ASPENDOS. AR Stater. Circa 330-300 BC.

Fourth row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos VI AR Drachm. Circa 144-143 BC**LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 340-330 BC**LUCANIA, VELIA. AR Stater. Circa 280 BC**PARTHIA. Mithradates II AR Drachm. Circa 121-91 BC.

Third row: AEOLIS, MYRINA. AR "Stephanophoric" Tetradrachm. Circa 150 BC**CARIA. Pixodaros AR Didrachm. Circa 341-335 BC**THRACE. Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 297-281 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Pharnabazos AR Stater. Circa 380-374 BC**THRACE, MARONEIA. AR Tetradrachm. Mid 2nd cent. BC.

Second Row: LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 510-480 BC** THESSALIAN LEAGUE. AR Stater. Circa 196-146 BC**CAMPANIA, NEAPOLIS. AR Nomos. Circa 275-250 BC**LYCIA, PRE-DYNASTIC. AR Stater. Circa 520-460 BC.

Bottom row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos Euergetes VII AR Tetradrachm. Circa 138-129 BC**MACEDON. Alexander III AR Tetradrachm. Circa 325-315 BC**CILICIA, AIGEAI. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 30 BC**PAIONIA. Patraos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 335-315 BC**PAMPHYLIA, SIDE. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 155-36 BC.
1 commentsJason T
012.JPG
YEAR-END REVIEW OF GREEK COLLECTION (REVERSE)113 viewsTHE LESS OFTEN DISPLAYED SIDE OF MY COINS.
Please click on picture for bigger resolution.

Top row from left to right: MYSIA, PERGAMMON. Eumenes I AR Tetradrachm. Circa 263-241 BC **ILLYRIA, DYRRHACHION. AR Stater. Circa 340-280 BC**IONIA, SMYRNA. AR “Stephanophoric” Tetradrachm. Circa 150-145 BC** PELOPONNESOS, SIKYON. AR Stater. Circa 335-330 BC**ATTICA, ATHENS. “New style” Tetradrachm. Circa 169 BC.

Sixth row: BACTRIA, Antialkidas. AR Drachm. Circa 145-135 BC**CAPPADOCIA. Ariobarzanes I AR Drachm. Circa 96-63 BC**THRACE, ABDERA. AR Tetrobol. Circa 360-350 BC**THRACE, CHERSONESSOS. AR Hemidrachm. Circa 386-338 BC.

Fifth row: IONIA, EPHESOS. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 405-390 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Mazaios AR Stater. Circa 361-334 BC **MACEDONIA. Kassander AR Tetradrachm. Circa 317-315 BC**AKARNANIA, LEUKAS. AR Stater. Circa 320-280 BC**PAMPHYLIA, ASPENDOS. AR Stater. Circa 330-300 BC.

Fourth row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos VI AR Drachm. Circa 144-143 BC**LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 340-330 BC**LUCANIA, VELIA. AR Stater. Circa 280 BC**PARTHIA. Mithradates II AR Drachm. Circa 121-91 BC.

Third row: AEOLIS, MYRINA. AR "Stephanophoric" Tetradrachm. Circa 150 BC**CARIA. Pixodaros AR Didrachm. Circa 341-335 BC**THRACE. Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 297-281 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Pharnabazos AR Stater. Circa 380-374 BC**THRACE, MARONEIA. AR Tetradrachm. Mid 2nd cent. BC.

Second Row: LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 510-480 BC** THESSALIAN LEAGUE. AR Stater. Circa 196-146 BC**CAMPANIA, NEAPOLIS. AR Nomos. Circa 275-250 BC**LYCIA, PRE-DYNASTIC. AR Stater. Circa 520-460 BC.

Bottom row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos Euergetes VII AR Tetradrachm. Circa 138-129 BC**MACEDON. Alexander III AR Tetradrachm. Circa 325-315 BC**CILICIA, AIGEAI. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 30 BC**PAIONIA. Patraos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 335-315 BC**PAMPHYLIA, SIDE. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 155-36 BC.
1 commentsJason T
 
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