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Baktria.jpg
Baktria24 viewsAlexander the Great's empire split into rival Hellenistic kingdoms ruled by his generals. The most far-flung part was Baktria, his conquests in what is today Afghanistan, western India and Pakistan. Greek settlers ruled over a much larger indigenous population. As centuries went by, this isolated outpost of Greek culture combined elements of both Greek and native traditions, oftentimes reflected in their bilingual coins. The main mints include Aï Khanoum, Bactra, and Pushkalavati.2 commentsChristian T
Baktria,_Diodotos_I,_AR_tetradrachm_-_Holt_A6_4_(this_coin)~0.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Diodotos I, ca. 255/250-240 BC, AR Tetradrachm 27 viewsDiademed head of Diodotos I right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY Zeus advancing left hurling thunderbolt, eagle at feet, ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta, Sampi) monogram in inner left field.

Holt A6.4 (this coin); Kritt A6 (plate 2 A6 this coin); CSE 1294 (this coin); SNG Lockett 3109 (this coin ID: SNGuk_0300_3109); Pozzi 2945 (this coin); ESM 717α (this coin); SNG ANS 77; SC 631.a; Bopearachchi 2E; Mitchiner 64d; Qunduz 6; HGC 9, 243.
Mint "A" - Ai Khanoum

(26 mm, 15.73 g, 6h).
Herakles Numismatics; ex- Houghton Collection (CSE 1294); ex- Lockett Collection (SNGLockett 3109); ex- Pozzi Collection: Naville Sale I (1921) 2945 (sold for CHF 35).

This coin has a very distinguished provenance and has been published as plate coin in four reference works.

The emission with the ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta Sampi) mint control mark is the most abundant of the Diodotid issues, representing about 13% of known Diodotid precious metal coins. The same control carries over into the early coinage of Euthydemos, although eventually displaced by the PK control monogram after 208/6 BC when Antiochos III captured Ai Khanoum while Euthydemos remained besieged at Baktra, after which it appears that Baktra/Balkh assumed the role of primary royal mint in Baktria. In is notable that the Archaic Greek letter Sampi forms the bottom of the ΙΔΤ monogram. It is an Archaic Greek form of a double Sigma that persisted in Greek dialects of Asia Minor. Many Greek settlers from Asia Minor migrated to Baktria, including the illustrious ruler Euthydemos from Magnesia in either Lydia, or Ionia. The archaic Greek Sampi possibly traveled to Baktria with the earliest Greek settlers from Asia Minor.
n.igma
33-Euthydemos-II.jpg
34. Baktria: Euthydemos II.94 viewsTetradrachm, ca 190-170 BC.
Obverse: Diademed bust of Euthydemos II.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΘΥΔΗΜΟΥ / Herakles standing, holding wreath, club, and lion's skin. PK monogram at left.
16.90 gm., 30 cm.
Sear #7536; Bepearachchi Serie 1C.
2 commentsCallimachus
Baktria_Agothocleia+StratonI_SNG-ANS983_0.jpg
Agothocleia and Straton I14 viewsAgothocleia and Straton I, 110-100 BC. AE square medium (7.40 gm). Indian standard. Draped bust of Athena r. wearing crested helmet. ΒAΣIΛIΣΣA ΘEOTPOΠOY AΓAΘOKΛEIAΣ / Hercules seated l. on rock, club against thigh. Karoshthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa dhramikasa Maharajasa (of Great King Straton, the Just Savior). EF. Agora Auctions Sale 65 #060. Exceptional for type. SNG ANS 9 #983-986; Boperachchi Série 3A; Mitchener 2 307; HGC 12 #317.Christian T
Baktrian_Apollodotus_I_GCV_7594.JPG
Apollodotus I Soter, 174 - 165 BC26 viewsObv: BAΣIΛEΩΣ on right, AΠOΛΛOΔOY above, ΣΩTHPOΣ on left, Apollo standing, facing, holding arrow in right hand and a bow in left.

Rev: Karosthi legend (Maharajasa Apaladatasa tratarasa) around, tripod with monogram on right, within a square dotted border.

Æ Square Hemiobol

9.26 grams, 22.6 mm, 0°

GCV 7594, SNG ANS 346 - 378
SPQR Coins
ArsakesII.jpg
Arsakes II66 viewsAR Drachm (16mm, 4.09 g, 12h). Rhagai-Arsakeia(?) mint. Struck circa 211-209 BC. Head left, wearing bashlyk and earring / Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow; to right, eagle standing facing, head left, with wings displayed; APΣAK•Y downward to left. Sellwood 6.1; A&S Type 6, obv. 6/1, rev. 6/2; Shore 4; Sunrise 241-3.

Arsakes II, son of Arsakes I, ascended the Parthian throne about 210 BC. At roughly the same time, the Seleukid king Antiochos III (223-187 BC) marched out of Ecbatana to recover the eastern Seleukid provinces that were lost to the young Parthian kingdom. Justin (41.5.7) comments that Arsakes II fought with admirable gallantry against Antiochos, and finally became his ally. Whether the Parthians resumed minting after the return of Antiochos returned to Ekbatana in 205 BC, after his Baktrian expedition, cannot be ascertained. It is possible that, until his defeat by the Romans at the Battle of Magnesia in 190/189 BC, Antiochos held sway over Iran at least as far east as the Baktrian frontiers and thus suppressed the circulation of non-Seleukid currencies. Unfortunately, the exact date and circumstances of the death of Arsakes II are unknown. The superb condition of the great majority of S6 drachms of Arsakes II implies that they were minted and almost immediately interred at around the time of Antiochos III’s eastern expedition to Parthia and Baktria in 209 BC (from CNG).
3 commentsThatParthianGuy
10220v.jpg
Bactria, Graeco-Baktrian Kings, Demetrios, Æ29, ca. 200-185 BC.89 viewsBactria, Graeco-Baktrian Kings, Demetrios,
Æ29, Hemi-obol / Triple Unit / Trichalkon (28-29 mm / 12.41 g), ca. 200-185 BC.,
Obv.: Head of elephant slightly right with raised trunk, wearing bell.
Rev.: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΔHMHTPIOY, either side of large caduceus (with serpent heads at the upper ends), monogram ΔPI... in field to left.
SNG ANS 209-11 ; Bopearachchi Série 5C ; MIG 108a ; cf. Sear GC 7533 .

my ancient coin database
3 commentsArminius
Menander.jpg
Bactrian/Indo Greek - Menander Soter (155-130 BCE)16 viewsSize/Metal: AR16; Weight: 2.31 grams; Mint: Unknown; Denomination: Drachm; Date: 155-130 BCE; Obverse: Diademed bust of king right, Greek legend around: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ // MENANΔPOY Reverse: Athena Alkidemos standing left, holding shield on outstretched left arm, hurling thunderbolt with right hand, monogram at right, Kharoshthi legend around: maharajasa tratarasa // menamdrasa,. References: MIG 215f; Bop 130; SNG ANS 808-820.museumguy
Mendander_Soter.jpg
Bactrian/Indo Greek - Menander Soter (155-130 BCE)20 viewsSize/Metal: AR17; Weight: 2.48 grams; Mint: Taxila; Denomination: Drachm; Date: 155-130 BCE; Obverse: Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing crested helmet covered with pelt of scales and adorned with head of wing. Legend surrounds: (Greek: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ (BASILEOS SOTEROS MENANDROU). Reverse: Athena Alkidemos advancing left; shield decorated with aegis over left arm, hurling thunderbolt; monogram to right. Kharoshthi legend: MAHARAJA TRATARASA MENADRASA. References: Bopearachchi 161; HGC #12, 193; SNG ANS 879-92; Sear GC #7597 (different monogram).museumguy
rjb_2019_05_10.jpg
Baktria4 viewsAR obol
c.295-285 BC
O - Kalathos
R - Double bodied owl with single head in shallow incuse square
Bopearachchi, Sophytes 10; SNG ANS 11; CNG 100, lot 1630
mauseus
1475_Bactria_didrachm.jpg
Baktria - AR didrachm15 viewsuncertain mint in Oxus region
295/3-285/3 BC
head of Athena right, wearing earring, necklace and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and spiral palmette on the bowl wire necklace, round earring
monogram
owl standing right, grape bunch over tail; prow above
AΘE
Roma XIV, 331; Bopearachchi, Sophytes Series 1A; SNG ANS 6; N&A 43-45
ex Roma

From the 1960s Andragoras-Sophytes Group, present in Germany in 1975, subsequently exported to the USA.
Johny SYSEL
1399_Baktria_drachm2.jpg
Baktria - AR drachm5 viewsuncertain mint in Oxus region
305-294 BC
head of Athena right wearing earring, necklace, and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl
eagle standing left, head right, grape cluster on vine with leaf above
Roma XIV, 334; Bopearachchi, Sophytes Series 2A; SNG ANS 14-16; Mitchiner 26c; N&A 52-57

ex Roma numismatics
From the 1960s Andragoras-Sophytes Group, present in Germany in 1975, subsequently exported to the USA.
Johny SYSEL
1398_Baktria3.jpg
Baktria - AR tetradrachm8 viewsuncertain mint in Oxus region
295/3-285/3 BC
head of Athena right, wearing earring, necklace and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and spiral palmette on the bowl wire necklace, round earring
monogram
owl standing right, grape bunch over tail; olive sprig and crescent above
AΘE
Roma XIV, 354; Bopearachchi, Sophytes Series 1A; Mitchiner 13e; N&A 13-15; SNG ANS -; Svoronos pl. 109, 8; Leu 83, 263
17,0g
ex Roma

From the 1960s Andragoras-Sophytes Group, present in Germany in 1975, subsequently exported to the USA.
Johny SYSEL
Euthidemos_AE_.jpg
BAKTRIA – EUTHYDEMOS I – AE – HERAKLES – HORSE18 viewsBAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Euthydemos I Theos Megas. Circa 225-200/195 BC. Æ Double Unit (9,07g). Struck circa 225-208/6 BC. Bearded head of Herakles right / Horse prancing right.; HGC 12, 53.Antonivs Protti
Baktria_Agathokles_SNG-ANS261.jpg
Baktria, Agathokles17 viewsAgathokles. 185-170 BC. AR Tetradrachm (15.74 gm) Pushkalavati mint. Pedigree coinage in the name of Euthydemos I. Diademed head r. ΕΥΘΥΔΕΜΟΥ-ΘΕΟΥ / Herakles seated l. on rock, holding inverted club, monogram behind. ΒΑΣΙΛEYONTOΣ ΔIKAIOY ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΟΣ. VF. Ponterio 132 #2251 OCV-663 type; Bop. Serie 16B; SNG ANS 9 #261. HGC 12 #87.Christian T
Baktria_Agathokles_SNG-ANS237.jpg
Baktria, Agathokles14 viewsAgathokles, 185-170 BC. CU-NI Didrachm (7.92 gm) of Baktra. Draped bust of young Dionysos r., wreathed w/ ivy, thysos at shoulder. / ΒΑΣΙΛEYONTOΣ-ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΟΣ, Panther standing r., paw raised to touch vine. aVF. CNG EA-99 #56. SNG ANS 9 #236; Bopearachchi Série 5B; HGC 12 #94; Sear 7557.Christian T
Baktria_Agathokles_SNG-ANS236.jpg
Baktria, Agathokles16 viewsAgathokles, 185-170 BC. CU-NI Didrachm (8.08 gm). Draped bust of young Dionysos r., wreathed w/ ivy, thysos at shoulder. / ΒΑΣΙΛEYONTOΣ-ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΟΣ, Panther standing r., paw raised to touch vine. Monogram to l. VF. SNG ANS 9 #236; Bopearachchi Série 5B; HGC 12 #94; Sear Greek 7557.Christian T
Baktria_Agathokles_SNG-ANS230.jpg
Baktria, Agathokles19 viewsAgathokles ca. 185-170 BC AR Tetradrachm (15.96 gm) of Pushkalavati mint Diademed and draped bust of Agathokles r. / ΒΑΣΙΛEYONTOΣ / ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΟYΣ, Zeus stdg facing, holding scepter & Hekate, who holds two torches; monogram in l. field. VF. From the Syracuse Collection of Ancient Coins. July 2011 CG #918. SNG ANS 9 #230; Bopearachchi-1D; HGC 12 #81.Christian T
Baktria_Amyntas_SNG-ANS1243.jpg
Baktria, Amyntas19 viewsAmyntas. 80-65 BC. AR Drachm (2.47 gm). Diademed & draped bust of king r. wearing horned Boiotian helmet ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΝΙΚΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΑMYΝΤΟΥ. / Radiate Zeus-Mithras enthroned 3/4 l. holding scepter & palm branch, Athena (or Nike) on outstretched arm. Karosthi legend Maharajasa jayadharasa Amitasa (of Great King Amyntas the Victory-bearer). EF. SNG ANS 9 #1243; Bopearachchi Série 6A; Mitchener 3 #389; HGC 12 #418 R3; Sear Greek 7716.Christian T
Baktria_Antialkides_SNG-ANS1064.jpg
Baktria, Antialkides 14 viewsBaktria, Antialkides, 130-120 BC. AR Drachm (2.38 gm). Diademed and draped bust of Antialkides r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΝΙΚHΦΟΡΟY ΑΝΤΙΑΛΚΙΔΟΥ / Zeus enthroned w/ scepter on left arm & Nike in r., holding wreath. Elephant facing l. Karosthi legend Majarajasa jayadharasa Amtiakidasa, of Great King Antialkidas the Victory-bearer. VF. SNG ANS 9 #1064; Bopearachchi Série 9B; HGC 12 #256.Christian T
Baktria_Antialkides_SNG-ANS1058.jpg
Baktria, Antialkides15 viewsBaktria, Antialkides, 130-120 BC. AR Drachm (2.36 gm). Diademed and draped bust of Antialkides r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΝΙΚHΦΟΡΟY ΑΝΤΙΑΛΚΙΔΟΥ / Zeus enthroned w/ scepter in left arm & Nike in r., holding wreath. Elephant facing r. Monogram below throne. Karosthi legend Majarajasa jayadharasa Amtiakidasa, of Great King Antialkidas the Victory-bearer. aVF. SNG ANS 9 #1058-1061; Bopearachchi Série 9A; HGC 12 #255.Christian T
Baktria_Antialkides_SNG-ANS1064~0.jpg
Baktria, Antialkides19 views[Change Photo!] Antialkides. 130-120 BC. AR Drachm (2.41 gm) of Pushkalavati. Diademed and draped bust of Antialkides r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΝΙΚHΦΟΡΟY ΑΝΤΙΑΛΚΙΔΟΥ. / Zeus enthroned l. w/ sceptre in left arm and Nike in r., holding wreath. Elephant facing l. Karosthi legend Majarajasa jayadharasa Amtiakidasa, of Great King Antialkidas the Victory-bearer. EF. Ponterio CCIF 142 (2007) #1702. SNG ANS 9 #1063; Bop. Serie 9B; HGC 12 #256; OCV-275a; Sear Greek 7631.Christian T
Baktria_AntimachosI_SNG-ANS280.jpg
Baktria, Antimachos I23 viewsAntimachos I. 174-165 BC. AR Drachm (3.77 gm) of Baktra. Draped and diademed bust of Antimachos r., wearing kausia. / Poseidon stg facing, holding trident & palm branch. ΑΝΤΙΜΑΧΟΥ-ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΘΕΟΥ, N monogram to r. VF. SNG ANS 9 #280; Bopearachchi 184 serie 2B, Mitchiner 74; HGC 12 #109.2 commentsChristian T
Baktria_AntimachosI_SNG-ANS276.jpg
Baktria, Antimachos I15 viewsBaktria, Antimachos I. 174-165 BC. AR Tetradrachm (15.96 gm). Draped and diademed bust of Antimachos r., wearing kausia. / Poseidon stg facing, trident in r. hand & palm branch in l. ΑΝΤΙΜΑΧΟΥ / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΘΕΟΥ, NO monogram in r. field. VF. SNG ANS 9 #276; Bop. Serie 1D; HGC 12 #106; Sear 7542.Christian T
Baktria_AntimachosI_SNG-ANS274.jpg
Baktria, Antimachos I36 viewsAntimachos I. 174-165 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.88 gm). Draped and diademed bust of Antimachos r., wearing kausia. / Poseidon stg facing, trident in r. hand & palm branch in l. ΑΝΤΙΜΑΧΟΥ on l., ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΘΕΟΥ on r. Monogram in r. field. EF. Ponterio 133 #1441. SNG ANS 9 #274; MIGF 124d; Bop. Serie 1A. OCV 1656; HGC 12 #106; Sear 7542.2 commentsChristian T
Baktria_AntimachosII_SNG-ANS399.jpg
Baktria, Antimachos II13 viewsAntimachos II. 174-165 BC. AR Drachm (2.30 gm). Winged Nike walking l., holding frond & fillet. Monogram l. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΟΥ ΑΝΤΙΜΑΧΟΥ. / King on horseback r. Karosthi legend Maharajasa jayadharasa Antimakasa (of Great King Antimachos the Victory-bearer). EF. Bt. Steven Bancik. Bopearachchi Série 1C; SNG ANS 9 #399; MIG 135d; HGC 12 #124.Christian T
Baktria_AntimachosII_SNG-ANS411.jpg
Baktria, Antimachos II12 viewsBaktria, Antimachos II. 174-165 BC. AR Drachm (2.31 gm). Nike advancing l. holding wreath & palm. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΝΙΚHΦΟΡΟY ΑΝΤΙΜΑΧΟΥ / Helmeted king prancing on horseback r., head facing. Karosthi legend Maharajasa jayadharasa Amtimakhasa (of Great King Antimachos the Victory-bearer). EF. Ponterio CCIF 142 (2007) #1707. SNG ANS 9 #411; Bopearachchi Série 1; OCV-135d; HGC 12 #124.Christian T
Baktria_AntiochosI_SNGANS68.jpg
Baktria, Antiochos I 11 viewsAntiochos I, 280-261 BC. AE Dichalkoi (5.77 gm) or Denomination C. Head of Athena to r., wearing crested Corinthian helmet. / Winged Nike stdg l., holding out wreath in r. hand ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ. VF/F. SNG ANS 9 #68; HGC 12 (Syria) #190. SNG Spaer #245-256. Sold as Diodotus I as Satrap and MIG 79a var (helmet). Christian T
Baktria_ApollodotusI_Bop4d.jpg
Baktria, Apollodotus I 13 viewsApollodotus I Soter, 174-165 BC. AR Square Drachm (2.42 gm) on Indian stdd. Elephant stdg r., ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΠΟΛΛOΔOTΟΥ ΣΩTHPOΣ, KP monogram in ex. / Humped bull standing r. Karosthi legend Maharajasa Apaladatasa tradarasa (of Great King Apollodotos the Savior). Ex: C monogram. gVF. Bt. Tom Cederlind 2003. Bopearachchi Série 4D; SNG ANS 9 #217-323; Sear Greek 2591; HGC 12 #119.Christian T
Baktria_ApollodotusI_Bop4a.jpg
Baktria, Apollodotus I14 viewsBaktria, Apollodotus I Soter. 174-165 BC. AR Square Drachm (2.42 gm). Elephant stdg r., ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΠΟΛΛOΔOTΟΥ ΣΩTHPOΣ, AI monogram in ex. / Humped bull standing r. Karosthi legend Maharajasa Apaladatasa tradarasa (of Great King Apollodotos the Savior). Ex: AP monogram. aEF. Pegasi VI #233. Bopearachchi Série 4A; SNG ANS 9 #303-308; Sear Greek 2591; HGC 12 #119.Christian T
Baktria_ApollodotusII_SNG-ANS1601.jpg
Baktria, Apollodotus II11 viewsBaktria, Apollodotus II Soter Philopator Megas. 85-65 BC. Æ Double Unit (17mm, 3.57 gm, 12h). Apollo standing right, holding bow and arrow ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩ-ΤΗΡΟΣ KAI-ΦIΛOΠATOΡΟΣ- ΑΠΟΛΛOΔOTΟΥ / Tripod; monogram to right. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Apaladatasa (Great King Apollodotus the Savior). nVF. CNG EA 367 #290. SNG ANS 9 #1601; Bopearachchi 17A; HGC 12 #405. Christian T
Baktria_ApollodotusII_SNG-ANS1560.jpg
Baktria, Apollodotus II12 viewsBaktria, Apollodotus II Soter Philopator Megas. 85-65 BC. AR Drachm (2.29 gm) of western Punjab. Diademed bust of king r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ KAI KAI ΦIΛOΠATOΡΟΣ - ΑΠΟΛΛOΔOTΟΥ / Athena Promachos stg. l. brandishing thunderbolt, holding shield. Monogram. Karoshthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Apaladatasa (Great King Apollodotus the Savior). aEF. SNG ANS 9 #1560; Boperachchi Série 2I; HGC 12 #392; Sear Greek 7672.Christian T
Baktria_Archebios_SNG-ANS1296.jpg
Baktria, Archebios Dikaios Nikephoros11 viewsBaktria, Archebios Dikaios Nikephoros. 75-65 BC. AR Tetradrachm (9.1 gm). Diademed, draped & cuirassed bust of king r., wearing helmet with bulls horn and ear. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔIKAΙΟΥ NIKHΦOPOY APXEBIOY / Zeus-Mithra standing, facing, brandishing thunderbolt and holding scepter. Karosthi legend Maharajasa dhramikasa jayadharasa Arkhebiyasa (Great King Archebios the Just Victory-bearer). VF. CNG EA 390 #250. SNG ANS 9 #1296ff; Bopearachchi Série 4A; HGC 12 #434. Traces of deposits.Christian T
Baktria_Archebios_SNG-ANS1292.jpg
Baktria, Archebios Dikaios Nikephoros12 viewsBaktria, Archebios Dikaios Nikephoros. 75-65 BC. AR Drachm (2.41 gm). Diademed and draped bust of king r ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔIKAΙΟΥ NIKHΦOPOY APXEBIOY / Zeus-Mitra stdg, facing, brandishing thunderbolt and holding scepter. Karosthi legend Maharajasa dhramikasa jayadharasa Arkhebiyasa (Great King Archebios the Just Victory-bearer). VF. SNG ANS 9 #1292; Bopearachchi Série 3C; HGC 12 #439. cf. Sear Greek 7681 var.Christian T
Baktria_AthenianOwlImitation_SNG-ANS9.jpg
Baktria, Athenian owl imitation9 viewsBaktria, Athenian owl imitation. 393-300 BC. AR Hemidrachm (1.46 gm). Head of Athena r., crested helmet ornamented with olive leaves. Bunch of grapes on vine behind. / Owl stdg r., wings closed, olive twig to l. AOE to r. VF. Boperachichi Sophytes (1996) series 1A; SNG ANS 9 #9; Svornos pl 17 #34-36; MIG -. cf HGC 4,1644.Christian T
Baktria_DemetriosI_SNGANS187.jpg
Baktria, Demetrios I15 viewsBaktria, Demetrios I Aniketos. 200-185 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.71 gm) of Baktra. Diademed bust of Demetrios I r., wearing elephant-skin headdress, all in dotted border. / Herakles standing facing, crowning himself and holding club and lion-skin. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ. aEF. Pegasi A13 #243 SNG ANS 9 #187; Mitchener 57 Type 103d; HGC 12 #63; cf Bop Serie 1C 164.Christian T
Baktria_DemetriosI_SNGANS193.jpg
Baktria, Demetrios I12 viewsBaktria, Demetrios I Aniketos. 200-185 BC. AR Obol (0.68 gm) of Baktra. Diademed head of Demetrios I r., wearing elephant-skin headdress, all in dotted border. / Herakles standing facing, crowning himself and holding club and lion-skin. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ. PK monogram l. gVF. Ponterio 137 #1246. HGC 12 #65; MIG-104; Bopearachchi Série 3B; SNG ANS 9 #193 & 195-196; Sear Greek 7531.Christian T
Baktria_DiodotusIorII_HGC_234.jpg
Baktria, Diodotus 13 viewsBaktria, Diodotus I or II. 256-239 BC. AV Stater (8.36gms). Diademed head of Diodotos I, r. Test cut. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ, Zeus walking left, holding thunderbolt, eagle and wreath at left. EF. Ponterio 141 #1573. HGC 12 #234; SC 630; SNG ANS 9 #75; Newell ESM 723; Sear Greek 629. Christian T
Baktria_Diodotus_SC632.jpg
Baktria, Diodotus I 14 viewsBaktria, Diodotus I Soter (or Antiochos Nikator). 256-239 BC or 240-225 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.52 gm) Mint A near Aï Khanoum. Diademed head of Diodotus I r. w/in dotted border. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ, Zeus Bremetes striding l., brandishing thunderbolt & holding aegis. Eagle w/ spread wings at feet. gVF. HGC 12 #244 (R1-2); SC 632; ESM 718; Mitchener 64b; Bopearachchi Smithsonian 1.Christian T
Baktria_Diomedes_SNG-ANS1230.jpg
Baktria, Diomedes11 viewsBaktria, Diomedes. 115-105 BC. AR Drachm (2.51 gm). Diademed & draped bust of Diomedes r., wearing crested Biotian helmet ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΔΙΟΜΗΔΟΥ / Dioscouroi stdg. facing, side by side, each holding spear; monogram r. Karosti legend Maharajasa tratarasa Diyumetasa (of Great King Diomedes the Savior). VF. Pegasi A23 #241. SNG ANS 9 #1230; Boperachchi Série 9A; HGC 12 #285.
Christian T
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Baktria, Diomedes10 viewsBaktria, Diomedes. 115-105 BC. Square AE Hemiobol (20mm, 9.13 gm). Dioscouroi stg. facing, side by side, holding spears. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΔΙΟΜΗΔΟΥ / Humped Zebu bull standing r.; monogram below. Karosti legend Maharajasa tratarasa Diyumetasa (of Great King Diomedes the Savior). EF. CNG 55 #865. SNG ANS 9 #1232; Michener 354a; Boperachchi Série 10A; HGC 12 #286; Sear Greek 7670.Christian T
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Baktria, Epander 12 viewsBaktria, Epander. 80 or 75 BC. AE Square (10.42 gm). Nike advancing right, holding palm and wreath. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΝΙΚHΦΟΡΟY EΠANΔPΟY / Humped Zebu bull standing r.; monogram r. Karosthi legend Maharajasa jayadharasa Epadrasa (of Great King Epander the Victory-bearer). gVF. CNG 72 #1050 SNG ANS 9 #1257; Bopearachchi Série 2A; HGC 12 #413.Christian T
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Baktria, Eukratides I12 viewsBaktria, Eukratides I. c. 170-145 BC. AR Tetradrachm (35mm, 16.48 gm). Helmeted, diademed & draped bust of Eukratides, r. / Dioskouri on rearing horses r., holding spears & palms. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ - ΕΥΚΡΤΙΔΟΥ. Monogram HA to r. EF. Postumous issue. SNG-ANS 9 #470; Boperachchi Série 6W; MIG type 168c; MACW 1710; HGC 12 #131; Sear Greek 7570.Christian T
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Baktria, Eukratides I48 viewsBaktria, Eukratides I. 170-145 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.86 gm) Balkh mint. Diademed & draped bust of Eukratides r., fillet border. / Dioskouri on rearing horses r., holding spears & palms. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ - ΕΥΚΡΤΙΔΟΥ. Δ monogram to l. & HA to r. FDC. SNG ANS 9 #434; Bopearachchi Série 1F; MIG type 168c; MACW 1710; HGC 12 #130; Sear Greek 7568.2 commentsChristian T
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Baktria, Eukratides I9 viewsBaktria, Eukratides I. c. 170-145 BC. AR Tetradrachm (15.75gms) of Baktra. Helmeted, diademed, & draped bust r. Helmet adorned with bulls horn & ear. ΒΑΣΙΛΕYΣ ΜΕΓΑΣ / ΕΥΚΡΤIΔHΣ / Jugate busts of parents, Heliolkes & Laodice r., monogram behind, with fillet border. HΛΙOKΛEOYΣ - KAI ΛAOΔIKHΣ. VF. Ponterio 128 #1181. OCV-1275. Bopearachchi Série 15A; SNG ANS 9 #526; MIG 182a; HGC 12 #133; Sear Greek 7572Christian T
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Baktria, Eukratides I10 viewsBaktria, Eukratides I. 170-145 BC. AR Obol (0.64 gm). Helmeted, diademed, & draped bust of Eukratides, r. Boiotian helmet adorned with bulls horn and ear. / Caps of the Dioskouri amid palm fronds. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΚΡΤΙΔΟΥ. VF. Boperachchi Série 9A; HGC 12 #139; SNG ANS 9 #486; Sear Greek 7578.Christian T
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Baktria, Eukratides I34 viewsBaktria, Eukratides I. 170-145 BC. AR Tetradrachm (15.94 gm). Heroic diademed bust of Eukratides from back, wearing crested helmet, wielding spear in r. hand. / Mounted Dioskouri prancing r., holding spears & palms. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ-ΕΥΚΡΤΙΔΟΥ. Monogram to r. VF. SNG ANS 9 #485; Boperachchi Série 8B; HGC 12 #132; Sear Greek 7571.
1 commentsChristian T
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Baktria, Eukratides I10 viewsBaktria, Eukratides I. 170-145 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 3.88 gm). Helmeted, diademed, & draped bust of Eukratides, r. within fillet border. Boiotian helmet adorned with bulls horn and ear. / Mounted Dioskouri prancing r., holding spears & palms. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ / ΕΥΚΡΤΙΔΟΥ. AW monogram to r. VF. CNG EA 112 #91. Postumous. Bopearachchi Série 7I; SNG ANS 9 #479; MIG 178c; HGC 12 #136. Christian T
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Baktria, Euthydemos 12 viewsBaktria, Euthydemos I Theos Megas. 225-200 BC. AR Drachm (3.44 gm) struck 225-220/15. Diademed head of Euthydemos I r. / Hercules seated l. on rock, holding club set on pile of stones. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΘΥΔΕΜΟΥ. VF. Contemporary fouree imitation? Mitchener 1613; Bopearachchi Serie 7; HGC 12 #46.Christian T
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Baktria, Euthydemos I13 viewsBaktria, Euthydemos I Theos Megas. 225-200 BC. AR Tetradrachm (15.25 gm) of Baktra, 206-200 BC. Diademed and elderly head of Euthydemos I, r. / Herakles holding club, seated l. on pile of stones, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΘΥΔΕΜΟΥ VF. SNG ANS 9 #141; HGC 12 #43; Bop. Serie 12; Kritt B17; cf MIG 94a. Christian T
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Baktria, Euthydemos I 12 viewsBaktria, Euthydemos I Theos Megas. 225-200 BC. AR Tetradrachm of Baktra (16.57 gm) 215-210. Diademed and idealized head of Euthydemos I r. / Hercules, seated l. on rock, club resting on knee. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΘΥΔΕΜΟΥ. Monogram Kp to r. EF. CICF 04 #1388. SNG ANS 9 #136; HGC 12 #42; Sear Greek 7515; Kritt B14: Bop Serie 9A.Christian T
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Baktria, Euthydemos I12 viewsBaktria, Euthydemos I. 225-200 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.43 gm) Mint A (near Aï Khanoum). Struck c. 210/08-206 BC. Diademed head of middle-aged Euthydemos I r. / Hercules, seated l. on rock holding club set on pile of stones. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΘΥΔΕΜΟΥ. Monogram to r. gVF. SNG ANS 9 #128; Sear 7515; Mitchiner type 95c; BMC 2-3; MIG Type 89d; Bopearachi Serie 5D. cf Kritt A11.Christian T
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Baktria, Euthydemos II14 viewsBaktria, Euthydemos II. 185-180 BC. AR Drachm (4.27 gm). Diademed and draped bust of Euthydemos II r. / Hercules, standing facing, crowned with ivy, holding wreath, club & lion skin. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΘΥΔΕΜΟΥ. aVF. SNG ANS 9 #219; MIG Type 114b; Bopearachchi Série 2B; HGC 12 #73; Sear 7537.Christian T
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Baktria, Euthydemos II31 viewsBaktria, Euthydemos II. 185-180 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.88 gm). Diademed and draped bust of Euthydemos II r. / Laureate Herakles standing facing, holding oak wreath, club, and lionskin. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΘΥΔΕΜΟΥ, PK monogram to l. EF. SNG ANS 9 #216; Bopearachchi 168 Série 1C; HGC 12 #72; MIG 62 Type 113d; Sear 7536. 1 commentsChristian T
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Baktria, Euthydemos II11 viewsBaktria, Euthydemos II. c.185-180 BC. NI Double Unit (8.10 gm). Laureate head of Apollo r. / Tripod; monogram. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΘΥΔΕΜΟΥ. gVF. From the Syracuse Collection of Ancient Coins; ex Berk 126 (April 2002) #121; CG #921; SNG ANS 9 #224; Bop. 170 Serie 6B; HGC 12 #77.Christian T
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Baktria, Euthydemos II12 viewsBaktria, Euthydemos II. 185-180 BC. NI Didrachm (7.74 gm). Laureate head of Apollo r. / Apollo's Tripod. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΘΥΔΕΜΟΥ, PK monogram to l. VF. Cupro-Nickel Double Unit (Denomination B). SNG ANS 9 #223; Mitchiner 63; Type 118b; Bop. 170 Série 6A; HGC 12 #77; Sear Greek 7540. Christian T
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Baktria, Graeco Baktrian Kings. Menander * ca. 155-130 BC. AR Drachm85 views
Silver Drachm, Menander, Graeco-Baktria

Obv: Diademed heroic bust, with aegis and spear raised in combative-posture, left-facing.
Rev: Athena Alkidemos left, hurling thunderbolt in right hand, holding hoplon shield raised in left hand; monogram in right field, Legend above.

Mint: Taxila (?)
Struck: 155-130 BC.

Size: 18 mm. (&nd slightly oblong on horizontal-plane)
Weight: 2.44 grams
Die axis: 355 degs.

Interesting aged-appearance; some luster, some wear, light corrosion & ample deposits (particularly on the reverse).

Bopearachchi Série 7B, 37-40
MIG 224c.
Bop 037
Tiathena
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Baktria, Graeco-Baktrian Kings, Euthydemos I., Æ Double Unit, 235-200 BC.68 viewsBaktria, Graeco-Baktrian Kings, Euthydemos I.,
Æ Double Unit (21-23 mm / 7.02 g), 235-200 BC.,
Obv.: Bare head of Hercules right.
Rev.: [B]AΣIΛEΩS above, EYΘYΔHMOY below, horse prancing right.
Sear GC 7523 ; Mitchiner, Indogreek 87 ; Bopearachchi Série 17A ; SNG ANS 146ff ; BMC India 8, 6 .

my ancient coin database
Arminius
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Baktria, Heliokles I11 viewsBaktria, Heliokles I. 145-130 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.77 gm). Diademed and draped bust of Heliokles r. / Zeus standing, facing, holding thunderbolt & scepter. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔIKAIOY HΛIOKΛEOYΣ. Monogram to l. VF. Pegasi 122 #181. SNG ANS 9 #643; Boperachchi Série 1U; HGC 12 #169; Sear Greek 7643.Christian T
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Baktria, Heliokles I12 viewsBaktria, Heliokles I. 145-130 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.96 gm). Diademed and draped bust of Heliokles r., graffito. / Zeus standing, facing, holding thunderbolt & scepter. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔIKAIOY HΛIOKΛEOYΣ. gVF. CNG 57 #752. SNG ANS 9 #642ff; Boperachchi Série 1U; HGC 12 #169; Sear Greek 7643.Christian T
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Baktria, Heliokles II10 viewsBaktria, Heliokles II. 90-75 BC. AR Drachm (2.38 gm). Laureate and draped bust of king r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔIKAIOY HΛIOKΛEOYΣ / Zeus standing holding thunderbolt. Karosthi legend Maharajasa dhramikasa Heliyakreyasa (of Great King Heliokles the Just). VF. Pegasi A23 #240. SNG ANS 9 #1146; Boperachchi Série 2H; HGC 12 #381.Christian T
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Baktria, Heliokles II10 viewsBaktria, Heliokles II. 90-75 BC. Square AE (9.01 gm) Overstruck on Strato I. Diademed and draped bust of Zeus Keraumophoros r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔIKAIOY HΛIOKΛEOYΣ / Elephant standing l. Karosthi legend Maharaja dhramikasa Heliyakreyasa (of Great King Heliokles the Just). Monogram in ex. VF. CNG 72 #1046. SNG ANS 9 #1152 var.; Bopearachchi Série 7C; HGC 12 #384.Christian T
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Baktria, Heliokles II10 viewsBaktria, Heliokles II. 90-75 BC. Square AE (21mm, 7.25 gm). Diademed and draped bust of Zeus Keraumophoros r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔIKAIOY HΛIOKΛEOYΣ / Elephant standing l. Karosthi legend Maharaja dhramikasa Heliyakreyasa (of Great King Heliokles the Just). Monogram in ex. VF. SNG ANS 9 #1151var.; Boperachchi Série 7C; HGC 12 #384; Sear Greek 7641.Christian T
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Baktria, Hermaios10 viewsBaktria, Hermaios. 105-90 BC. AR Drachm (1.53 gm) postumus, struck 55-45 BC. Diademed bust of king r. with old portrait. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ EPMAIOY / Zeus enthroned, 3/4 l., hand extended, holding scepter. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Heramayasa (of Great King Hermaios the Savior). VF. SNG ANS 9 #1416ff; Boperachchi Série 17A; HGC 12 #305; Sear Greek 7740.
Christian T
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Baktria, Hermaios10 viewsBaktria, Hermaios. 105-90 BC. AR Drachm (1.82 gm) struck 55-50 BC. Diademed bust of king r. with middle-aged portrait. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ EPMAIOY / Zeus-Mithra enthroned, 3/4 l., r. hand extended, holding scepter. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Heramayasa (of Great King Hermaios the Savior). VF/gF. SNG ANS 9 #1394; Boperachchi Série 13B; HGC 12 #303; Sear Greek 7740. Christian T
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Baktria, Hermaios11 viewsBaktria, Hermaios. 105-90 BC. AR Tetradrachm (9.63 gm). Helmeted and draped bust of king r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ EPMAIOY / Zeus enthroned, 3/4 l., hand extended, holding scepter. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Heramayasa (of Great King Hermaios the Savior). Monogram l. VF. Vauctions 329 #227. Very Rare. SNG ANS 9 #1344ff; Bopearachchi Série 1 4D; HGC 9 #289; Senior H3cT. Christian T
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Baktria, Hermaios10 viewsBaktria, Hermaios. 105-90 BC. AR Drachm (1.94 gm) Struck 55-45 BC. Diademed bust of king r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ EPMAIOY / Zeus-Mithra enthroned, 3/4 l., r. hand extended, holding scepter. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Heramayasa (of Great King Hermaios the Savior). gF. SNG ANS 9 #1416ff; Boperachchi Série 17A; HGC 12 #305; Sear Greek 7740. Christian T
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Baktria, Hermaios & Kalliope12 viewsBaktria, Hermaios & Kalliope. 105-90 BC. AR Drachm (2.44 gm). Jugated and diademed bust of king & queen, r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ EPMAIOY-KAΛΛIOΠHΣ / King prancing on horseback. Monogram. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Heramayasa Kaliapaya (of Great King Hermaios the Savior [and] Kalliope). VF. SNG ANS 9 #1319ff; Boperachchi Série 2B; HGC 12 #288; Sear Greek 7732.Christian T
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Baktria, Hippostratos13 viewsBaktria, Hippostratos. 65-55 BC. AR Tetradrachm (9.5 gm). Diademed and draped bust of Hippostratos r. / Armored & helmeted king on horseback r.; Kharosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Hipusratasa (of Great King Hippostratos the Savior); monogram r & in ex. nEF. Deeply toned. SNG ANS 9 #1628; Bopearachchi Série 7D; HGC 12 #451(this coin).
Christian T
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Baktria, Hippostratos9 viewsBaktria, Hippostratos Soter. 65-55 BC. AE Octuple Unit (19.88 gm) . Triton stdg, facing, holding dolphin and rudder over l. shoulder ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ IΠΠOΣTPATOY / Tyche stdg l., holding lotus in r. hand and palm frond in l. Kharosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Hipusratasa (of Great King Hippostratos the Savior [and] Conquerer). Monogram to field a l., letter to r. gVF. Deeply toned. Rare. SNG ANS 9 #1643; Bopearachchi Série 12a; HGC 12 #456. Christian T
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Baktria, Indo-Greek kingdom. MENANDER I Soter 9 viewsBaktria, Indo-Greek kingdom. MENANDER I Soter AR Drachm. EF+. Athena Alkidemos.

Obverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΟΤΗΡΟΣ / ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ. Diademed and draped bust right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull's horn and ear.
Reverse: Athena Alkidemos advancing left, shield decorated with aegis over arm, hurling thunderbolt; monogram to right; Karosthi inscription around.

A precious exemplar of this interesting coin, issued by the mythic king Menander I, the most poweful ruler of the indo-greek kingdom of Baktria and the first western ruler to be converted to Buda´s faith.

EF+ condition, almost uncircullated, conserving absolutely full details in both sides, strong relief and high quality silver.

Bopearachchi 16I; SNG ANS 879-92. circa 155-130 b.C. 2,4 g - 17 mm
Mark R1
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Baktria, Indo-Greek kingdom. MENANDER I Soter AR Drachm. EF+. Bust to left holding spear.69 viewsObverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΟΤΗΡΟΣ / ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ. Diademed heroic bust of Menander I to left, seen from behind, wearing aegis over shoulder and brandishing spear.
Reverse: Athena Alkidemos advancing left, shield decorated with aegis over arm, hurling thunderbolt; monogram to right; Karosthi inscription around.

Issued by the mythic king Menander I, the most poweful ruler of the indo-greek kingdom of Baktria and the first western ruler to be converted to Buda´s faith.

EF+ condition, practically uncircullated, conserving absolutely full details in both sides, very bold relief relief and high quality silver.

Bopearachchi 7B. Circa 155-130 b.C. 2,4 g - 16,5 mm
5 commentsMark R1
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Baktria, Indo-Greeks, Antialkidas. Square AE19. 10 viewsPushkalavati mint, 145-135 BC. BASILEWS NIKHFOROU ANTIALKIDOU, draped bust of Zeus right, thunderbolt on shoulder / Karosthi legend: Maharajasa jayadhrasa Antialkidasa, Palms and pilei of the Dioscuri; Pushkalavati monogram below. ancientone
Baktria,_Kings,_Menander_I_Soter_(ca__165-155–130_BC)_AR_Drachm,_Menander_r_,_Athena_l_,_AY_monogram_l_,_Bop_13B,_Q-001,_0h,_16,5-17,0mm,_2,26g-s.jpg
Baktria, Kings, Menander I Soter (cc. 165/155–130 B.C.), AR-Drachm, Bop 13B, AY/-//--, Athena Alkidemos standing left, #156 viewsBaktria, Kings, Menander I Soter (cc. 165/155–130 B.C.), AR-Drachm, Bop 13B, AY/-//--, Athena Alkidemos standing left, #1
avers: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ, diademed, draped bust of Menander right.
reverse: Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Menamdrasa, Athena Alkidemos, viewed from behind, standing left, brandishing thunderbolt in raised right hand & holding shield on extended left arm, AY monogram in left field.
exergue: AY/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17,0mm, weight: 2,26g, axes: 0h,
mint: Baktria, Kings, Menander I Soter, date: cc. 165/155–130 B.C.,
ref: Bop 13B,
Q-001
quadrans
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Baktria, Lysias11 viewsBaktria, Lysias. 130-120 BC. Square AE Hemiobol (8.52 gm). Head of Herakles r., club over shoulder. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΙΚΗΤΟΥ ΛΥΣΙΟΥ / Elephant walking right. Karosthi legend Maharajasa apadihatasa Lisikasa, of Great King Lysias the Unconquered. Ex: Monogram l. VF. CICF138 #1488. SNG ANS 9 #1043; Boperachchi Série 8A; OCV 1838/9; Mitchener 266; Sear Greek 7626.Christian T
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Baktria, Lysias14 viewsBaktria, Lysias. 130-120 BC. AR Drachm (2.23 gm). Diademed bust of Lysias r., wearing elephant headdress. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΙΚΗΤΟΥ ΛΥΣΙΟΥ / Heracles standing, facing, crowing himself and holding club, palm branch, and lion skin. Karosthi legend Maharajasa apadihatasa Likikasa, of Great King Lysias the Unconquered). Monogram to l. EF. Ex: Tom Cederlind. SNG ANS 9 #1033; Boperachchi Série 4; HGC 12#240; Sear Greek 7623; BMC 29,3. Christian T
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Baktria, Menander14 viewsBaktria, Menander. 155-130 BC. AR Drachm (2.47gms) of Pushkalavati mint. Diademed, draped bust of Menander r., ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ (of saviour king Menander). / Athena Promachos advancing l., brandishing thunderbolt, holding aegis. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Menamdrasa (of Great King Menander, the Savior). Monogram IoI to l., E to r. EF. Ponterio CCIF 142 #1701. SNG ANS 9 #802; Boperachchi Série 13 I; cf. OCV-1771; HGC 12 #191; Sear Greek 7600.
Christian T
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Baktria, Menander13 viewsBaktria, Menander. 155-130 BC. AR Drachm (2.48 gm). Heroic bust of Menander l., wearing aegis and brandishing spear, seen from behind. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Athena Promachos stg. r. brandishing thunderbolt, holding aegis. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Menamdrasa (of Great King Menander, the Savior). Monogram r. VF. CNG E389 #421. From the Kallman Collection, purchased from Colosseum Coin Exchange. SNG ANS 9 #733-738; Boperachchi Série 7B; HGC 12 #187.Christian T
Baktria_Menander_SNG-ANS707.jpg
Baktria, Menander10 viewsBaktria, Menander. 155-130 BC. AR Drachm (2.42 gm). Heroic bust of Menander l., wearing aegis and brandishing spear, seen from behind. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Athena Promachos stg. r. brandishing thunderbolt, holding aegis. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Menamdrasa (of Great King Menander, the Savior). Monogram l. VF/nVF. SNG ANS 9 #707; Boperachchi Série 6A; HGC 12 #188; Sear Greek 7604.Christian T
Baktria_Menander_SNG-ANS918.jpg
Baktria, Menander13 viewsBaktria, Menander. 155-130 BC. AE (15mm, 2.65 gm). Elephant head r., wearing bell around neck. Legend: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ. / Club upwards, Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Menamdrasa (of Great King Menander, the Savior). Monogram l. & r. gF. SNG ANS 9 #918; Boperachchi Série 28B; HGC 12 - ; Sear Greek 7616.Christian T
Baktria_Pantaleon_SNG-ANS262.jpg
Baktria, Pantaleon13 viewsBaktria, Pantaleon. 185-180 BC. CU-NI Didrachm (7.91 gm) of Baktra. Draped bust of young Dionysios r., wreathed w/ ivy, thysos at shoulder. / Panther standing r., paw raised to touch vine. Monogram to l. nVF. SNG ANS 9 #262; Boperachchi Serie 4B; HGC 12 #104; Sear Greek 7563.Christian T
Baktria_Philoxenos_SNG-ANS1205ff.jpg
Baktria, Philoxenos14 viewsBaktria, Philoxenos. 125-110 BC. Square AE Hemiobol (19mm 9.10 gm) of Pushkalavati. City goddess Tyche stdg l., holding cornicopiae in l. hand, gesturing with r. ex: monogram. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΙΚΗΤΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΘΕΝΟΣ / Humped Zebu bull standing r.; Γ (retrograde) below. Legend in Karosti Maharajasa apadihatsa Philasinasa (of Great King Philoxenos the Unconquered). EF. Triton III #712. SNG ANS 9 #1205ff; Mitchener 344d; Bopearachchi Série 10 F; Rahman 480 var.; HGC 12 #274; Sear Greek 7666.Christian T
Baktria_Philoxenos_SNG-ANS1164.jpg
Baktria, Philoxenos17 viewsBaktria, Philoxenos. 125-110 BC. AR Tetradrachm (9.97 gm). Draped & diademed bust of Philoxenos r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΙΚΗΤΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΘΕΝΟΣ / Diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed king prancing on horseback r., monogram below. Karosthi legend Maharajasa apadihatasa Philasinasa (of Great King Philoxenos the Unconquered). EF. SNG ANS 9 #1164; MIG Type 338b; MACW 1945-1948 var. (monogram); HGC 12 #267; Sear Greek 7663. cf. Bopearachchi Série 3H.Christian T
Baktria_StratonI_SNG-ANS1012_9_14gm.jpg
Baktria, Straton I14 viewsBaktria, Straton I Soter. 110-85 BC. Square AE (9.14 gm) of Pushkalavati. Bust of Herakles, r., club over far shoulder. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΣTPATΩNOΣ / Nike advancing r., holding wreath and palm. Karosti legend Maharajasa tratarasa Stratasa (of Great King Straton the Savior). Monograms A-Σ. VF. CICF138 #1489. SNG ANS 9 #1012; Mitchener 333; Bopearachchi Série 29A; HGC 12 #349; Sear Greek 7661.Christian T
Baktria_StratonI_SNG-ANS1012_8_99gm.jpg
Baktria, Straton I12 viewsBaktria, Straton I Soter. 110-85 BC. Square AE Hemidrachm (8.99 gm) of Pushkalavati. Bust of Herakles, r., club over far shoulder. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ-ΣΩTHPOΣ-ΣTPATΩNOΣ / Nike advancing r., holding wreath and palm. Karosti legend Maharajasa tratarasa Stratasa (of Great King Straton the Savior). A-Σ. VF. SNG ANS 9 #1012; Bopearachchi Série 29A; Mitchener 333; HGC 12 #349; Sear Greek 7661.Christian T
Baktria_StratonI_SNG-ANS1010.jpg
Baktria, Straton I17 viewsBaktria, Straton I Soter. 110-85 BC. AR Tetradrachm (9.36 gm). Helmeted, draped bust r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΠIΦANOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΣTPATΩNOΣ / Athena Promachos stdg l., holding shield & brandishing thunderbolt. Karosthi legend Maharajasa pracachasa dhramikasa Stratasa (of Great King Straton the Just Savior). VF. Ponterio 119 #530. Bopearachchi Série 28A; cf. SNG ANS 9 #1010; OCV 1935; HGC 12 #335; Sear Greek 7654.Christian T
Baktria_StratoII_SNG-ANS1721-2_2_44.jpg
Baktria, Straton II10 viewsBaktria, Straton II. 25-10 BC. AR Drachm (2.44 gm). Diademed and draped bust of elderly king r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΣTPATΩNOΣ / Athena Promachos stdg l., brandishing thunderbolt & shield. Karosthi legend Majarajasa tratarasa Stratasa (of Great King Straton the Savior). VF. CNG 75 #663. SNG ANS 9 #1721-2; Bop. Serie 2A; HGC 12 #476 (this coin). Christian T
Baktria_StratoII_SNG-ANS1721ff_2_30.jpg
Baktria, Straton II14 viewsBaktria, Straton II. 25-10 BC. AR Drachm (2.30 gm). Diademed and draped bust of elderly Straton, r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΣTPATΩNOΣ / Athena Promachos stdg l., brandishing thunderbolt & shield. Karosthi legend Majarajasa tratarasa Stratasa (of Great King Straton the Savior). VF. CNG 75 #664. SNG ANS 9 #1721ff; Mitchener 469 (c); Bop. Serie 2A; HGC 12 #476. Christian T
Baktria_TelephosEuergetes_HGC411_0.jpg
Baktria, Telephos 13 viewsBaktria, Telephos Euergetes. 80-70 BC. Square Æ Quadruple Unit (26mm, 7.72 gm). Zeus enthroned slightly l., extending hand. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ EYEPGETOY THΛEΦΟΥ / Bearded man seated r. on rocky surface, warming hands over small fire, cradling branch in l. arm; container at feet, mm to l. Karosthi Maharajasa kalanakramasa Teliphasa (of Great King Telephos the Benefactor). VF. Dark green patina, some roughness. CNG EA 367 #291. Bopearachchi 3A; Mitchener 3 type 453; HGC 12 #411. Christian T
Baktria_Theophilos_Dikaios_SNG_ANS_1260_.jpg
Baktria, Theophilos13 viewsBaktria, Theophilos Dikaios. 130-129 BC. Æ (18mm, 8.0 gm). Draped bust of Herakles right, club over shoulder. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔIKAIΟY ΘEOΦIΛOY, King Theophilos the Just. / Cornucopia; monogram to lower left. Kharoshti legend: Maharajasa Dhramikasa Theuphilasa, King Theophilos, of the Dharma". VF. CNG EA 255 #158. SNG ANS 9 #1260-1262; Bopearachchi Série 5A; HGC 12 #227. Christian T
Baktria_ZoilosI_SNG-ANS975.jpg
Baktria, Zoilos I15 viewsBaktria, Zoilos I. 145-130 BC. AR Drachm (1.70 gm) of Pushkalavati. Draped and diademed bust r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔIKAIOY ZΩIΛOY / Herakles stdg facing, holding wreath & club, Nike on r. shoulder. Monogram l. Karosthi legend Maharajasa dhramikasa Jhoilasa (of Great King Zoilos the Just). VF. SNG ANS 9 #975; Boperachchi Série 5B; MIG vol 2 type #257a, MACW-1832; HGC 12 #220; Sear Greek 7620.Christian T
Baktria_ZoilosII_SNG-ANS1669.jpg
Baktria, Zoilos II14 viewsBaktria, Zoilos II. 55-35 BC. AR Drachm (2.385 gm). Bust of king r., hair looking as though a headdress. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ZΩIΛOY / Athena Promachos stg. l. brandishing spear, holding shield. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Jhoilasa (of Great King Zoilos the Savior). Monograms l & r. VF. SNG ANS 9 #1669; Bopearachchi Série 1; HGC 12 #465; Sear Greek 7708.Christian T
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Baktria, Zoilos II13 viewsBaktria, Zoilos II. 55-35 BC. AR Drachm (2.25 gm). Diademed bust of king, r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ZΩIΛOY / Athena Promachos advancing l., brandishing spear & holding shield. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Jhoilasa (of Great King Zoilos the Savior). EF. Ancient Imports #25351. SNG ANS 9 #1664-1665; Bopearachchi Série 1C; MIG 3 #459 r; HGC 12 #465.Christian T
artemidoros.jpg
Baktria. Artemidoros, Drachm. Artemis right; overstruck by a die of Apollodotos II9 viewsBaktria. Artemidoros, Drachm. 2.43g. rev some verdigris; obv: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANIKHTOY / APTEMIΔΩPOY, his diademed and draped bust right, rev: Artemis standing right, drawing bow; monogram to lower right., Kharoshthi legend around: Maharajasa apadihatasa / Artemitorasa. Overstruck by a die of Apollodotos II; (APOLO)DOTOU visible on the obverse, also traces on the reverse. Coin has been identified by Osmund Bopearachchi. Podiceps
Baktria,_Menander_Drachm.JPG
Baktria. Menander. Circa 155-130 BC. AR Drachm. 46 views2.46 gr. BASILEWS SWTHROS MENANDOU, bust right in crested helmet / Karosthi legend, Athena Alkidemos advancing left with thunderbolt & shield; monogram right. MIG 218c. Bop 145ff
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
menander_with_spear.jpg
Baktria; Menander I. AR Drachm. Bust left with spear/ Athena Alkidemos right8 viewsBaktria; Menander I. Circa 165/155-130 B.C. AR Drachm. Diademed bust left, seen from back, holding spear / Athena Alkidemos right, holding shield and thunderbolt; monogram. Bop 03D. Podiceps
menander.jpg
Baktria; Menander I. AR Drachm. Bust left/ Athena Alkidemos left8 viewsMenander I, c. 166-145 B.C. 17mm, AR Drachm. Bust left/ Athena Alkidemos left, monogram right. Ex EcinPodiceps
menander_with_helmet.jpg
Baktria; Menander I. AR Drachm. Helmeted bust right/ Athena Alkidemos left13 viewsBaktria. Menander I. Circa 155-130 B.C. AR Drachm. BASILEWS SWTHROS MENANDOU, bust right in crested helmet / Karosthi legend, Athena Alkidemos advancing left with thunderbolt & shield; monogram right. Bop 145ff, MIG 218c. Podiceps
Baktria_Agathokles_Pedigree_Tet_.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Agathokles I, ca. 185-170 BC, AR Tetradrachm 13 viewsEYΘYΔHMOY ΘEOY (Euthydemos God) Diademed head of Euthydemos right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕYONTOΣ AΓAΘOKΛEOYΣ ΔIKAIOY (of King Agathokles the Just) Herakles seated on rock, holding club set on rocks; ΦΩΛ monogram lower right field.

Bopearachchi 16B; SNG ANS 261, Mitchiner 145; HGC 12, 87.
This coin referenced in Frank L. Holt Lost World of the Golden King: In Search of Ancient Afghanistan p.203 and Chapter 8 end note 75.

(31 mm, 16.67 g, 12h).

Agathokles and Antimachos issued “pedigree” tetradrachms in the later years of the struggle for regency with Eukratides. Such coins sought to assert the legitimacy of the incumbent Euthydemid rulers through association with forbears and even unrelated predecessors back to Alexander.

An iron pin pierces this coin accompanied by the remains of an iron suspension loop that has been incompletely removed. This is the remains of an attachment placed in a manner to avoid defacing the image of Euthydemos. The careful attachment of this coin for its use as an item of display may have been an overt statement of loyalty to the Euthydemid line during the struggle with Eukratides.
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Bactria,_Agathokles_Nickel_Double_Unit_.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Agathokles I, ca. 185-170 BC, Copper-Nickel Dichalkon 15 viewsHead of Dionysos right, wearing ivy wreath, thyrsos over left shoulder
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΓAΘOKΛEOYΣ (of King Agathokles) Panther standing right with bell around neck, touching vine with raised paw, monogram ΦI to left

HGC 12, 94; Bopearachchi Series 5B; SNG ANS 9, 236; Mitchiner 147b (this coin illustrated); Sear GCV 7557 var.

(21 mm, 8.8 g, 12h).
Ancient Numismatic Enterprise; ex Duplicates of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.

Agathokles, Euthydemos II, and Pantaleon minted copper-nickel coins in the period ca. 185-170 BC, the first such alloy coins to be produced. Nickel was not used again in coin production until the 19th century. The nickel content in these coins is variable in the range 7.5% to 20.2%. It is probable that locally available, rich deposits of copper-nickel ore were mined and smelted to produce the coinage. The short period of time in which such coins were minted suggests that the source of nickel rich copper was rapidly depleted. The silver appearance of the coinage probably enhanced its perceived value at a time when the Euthydemid Dynasty was struggling for survival against the usurper Eukratides. It may have even been considered a substitute for silver at a time when the latter was in short supply due to the conflict with Eukratides.
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Bactria,_Agathokles_AE_19mm_Square__Unit_.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Agathokles I, ca. 185-170 BC, Æ Square Unit 14 viewsFemale Hindu deity Laksmi advancing left holding lotus, Rajane Agathukleyasa in Kharoshthi script.
BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΓAΘOKΛEOYΣ Lioness standing right, Greek inscription above and below.

SNG ANS 9, 246; Mitchiner 152; HGC 12, 98; Sear GCV 7558.

(18 x 19.5 mm, 11.6 g, 12h).
Ancient Imports.

This and the following Æ Square Unit of Pantaleon are amongst the first of the bilingual coins issued by the Graeco-Bactrian rulers south of the Hindu Kush.
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Bactria,_Antimchus_I_AR_drachm_.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Antimachos I, ca. 175-165 BC, AR Drachm29 viewsDiademed head of Antimachos right wearing kausia.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΘEOY ANTIMAXOY (of King Antimachos a God) Poseidon standing facing, holding trident and palm branch, KP monogram in lower right field.

Bopearachchi Series 2A; SNG ANS 9, 279; Mitchiner 124b; HGC 12; 109; Sear GCV 7545.

(19 mm, 4.2 g, 12h).
Freeman & Sear Mail Bid Auction 13, Aug. 2006, 278; from the F. Martin Post Collection.
1 commentsn.igma
Antimachosdrachm.JPG
Baktrian Kingdom, Antimachos, AR Drachm62 viewsKaroshi legend around king on horseback.
BASILEWS NIKHFOROU ANTIMACOU
Nike advancing left with wreath and palm, mongram in left field.
SG 7546, 171-160 BC.
Early bilingual coin, with different languages on obverse and reverse.

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Bactria,_Apollodotos_AE_Unit_.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Apollodotos I, ca. 175-165 BC Æ Quadruple Unit27 viewsΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΠΟΛΛΟΔΟΤΟY ΣΩΤHPOΣ (of King Apollodotos Savior) Apollo standing facing holding bow and arrow.
Tripod on stand in dotted square border outside which Maharajas Apaladasta Iradasa (of King Apollodotos Savior) in Kharoshthi script (reverse image in photo above is inverted).

Mitchiner 209a; Bopearachchi 6A; SNG ANS 9, 346; HGC 12, 41; Sear GCV 7594.

(22 x 21 mm, 12h).
CNG e-Auction 162, 11 Apr. 2007, 134.

Apollodotos was a contemporary of the later Euthydemid rulers, Agathokles, Pantaleon and Antimachos. His Greek coinage is rare with only less than a dozen portrait tetradrachm specimens known. Almost all of his coinage adhered to south Indian traditions, with bi-lingual Greek and Kharoshthi legends and non-portrait types struck on square flans, either elephant and bull on his silver, or Apollo and tripod on the bronze. From this coinage, which comprises the only evidence for his reign, it appears that Apollodotos administered his territories south of the Hindu Kush. The imagery on Apollodotos’ coins breaks with the tradition of the Euthydemid dynasty, portraying seated Athena on the tetradrachms (in the style of the reverse of Lysimachos coinage) and a standing Apollo on AE issues, reminiscent of the Seleukid coinage. Eukratides may have retained him as a provincial ruler through the struggle for power.
1 commentsn.igma
Baktria,_Demetriso_I,_AE_Double_.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Demetrios I, ca. 200-185 BC, Æ Dichalkon 12 viewsDraped bust of Herakles right, wearing oak wreath, with club over shoulder.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔHMHTPIOY Artemis, radiate, standing facing, holding bow and drawing arrow from quiver; monogram to inner right.

Bopearachchi 4C; SNG ANS 9, 204; HGC 12, 68; Sear GCV 7534.

(24 mm, 7.24 g, 12h).
CNG eAuction 337, 22 Oct. 2014, 169.
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Bactria,_Diodotos_I_Tetradrachm_.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Diodotos I, ca. 255/250-240 BC, AR Tetradrachm 27 viewsDiademed head of the Diodotos I right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY (of King Antiochos). Zeus striding left, hurling thunderbolt in right hand, aegis over extended left arm; eagle standing in lower inner left, monogram in left field above eagle.

SC 628 (b); Holt A2 (Holt A2 example 2 = this coin); Bopearachchi 2E; Mitchiner 64c; Kritt, Dynastic Transitions Type A2 (Plate 1, page 19); HGC 9, 243. Mint “A”- Ai Khanoum ca. 255-250 BC.

(29 mm, 16.92 g, 6h).
Eukratides Ancient Numismatics: ex- William K. Raymond Collection; ex- Kovacs (1997)

The Kingdom of Baktria was created from the Seleukid province of Bactro-Sogdiana when the satrap Diodotos I began to act independently of the Seleukid king, Antiochos II around 256 BC. The first step towards independence came with the issue of coinage depicting Diodotos I, rather than the Seleukid king, Antiochos II. On their reverse the coins bear the image of a striding Zeus, rather than the Seleukid patron god Apollo. Yet the coinage maintains the legend ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY indicating nominal servitude to the Seleukid king. This legend remained unchanged despite the accession to the throne of Seleukos III in 246 BC. In effect, this denies any allegiance to the latter king, while at the same time attesting to the legitimacy of Diodotos’ claim to the throne via his initial appointment under Antiochos II. Following the death of Diodotos I around 240 BC his son, Diodotos II, adopted the title of king, altering the legend of the coinage to that of ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔIOΔITOY, an unequivocal statement of independence.
1 commentsn.igma
Bactria,_Diodotos_I_posthumous_issue_Tetradrachm_.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Diodotos II, ca. 240-230 BC, AR Tetradrachm 12 viewsPosthumous diademed idealised head of Diodotos I right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔIOΔITOY (of King Diodotos). Zeus striding left, hurling thunderbolt in right hand, aegis over extended left arm; eagle standing at his feet.

Holt B2 (Holt B2 example 3 = this coin); Kritt B2; Bopearachchi 6A; SNG ANS 9, 87; Qunduz 8; HGC 12, 21. Struck ca. 230 BC at Mint "B" - Baktra.

(25 mm, 16.42 g, 6h).
CNG 778209; ex -CNG e-Auction 124, October 2005, 139 (incorrectly attributed as Holt B1); ex- Munz und Medaillen Fixed Price List 332 (1972).

The coin was struck shortly before Euthydemos overthrew Diodotos II. The idealised posthumous image of Diodotos I on the obverse was a statement of the legitimacy of the right of Diodotos II to the throne of Baktria, as the lineal successor to Diodotos I. This B2 issue is distinguished from the preceding B1 type by the absence of a wreath beneath the extended arm of Zeus on the reverse. Holt suggested that the removal of the wreath from coinage followed Diodotos II’s treaty with the Parthians. The wreath is believed to have been instituted as a celebration of Diodotos I victory over Arsaces in the previous decade and thus potentially perceived as an insult to the Parthians on consummation of the treaty.
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Bactria,_Diodotos_II_AE_Double_Uni.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Diodotos II, ca. 240-230 BC, Æ Double Unit5 viewsHead of Hermes right, wearing petasos.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔIOΔITOY (of King Diodotos). Athena facing, spear in right hand, shield in left.

HGC 12, 25; Bopearachchi Serie 12A; SNG ANS 9, 102; Mitchiner 79a; Holt H1; Kritt H1; Sear 7505. Ai Khanoum mint.

(20 mm, 7.12 g, 6h).
CNG eAuction 158, 14 Feb. 2007, 63.
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Bactria,_Diodotos_II,_AE_22_.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Diodotos II, ca. 240-230 BC, Æ Double Unit 13 viewsLaureate head of Zeus right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔIOΔITOY Artemis right holding transverse torch; star to right.

HGC 12, 27; SNG ANS 9, 96; Mitchiner 82; Holt Ι2; Kritt Ι2; Sear GCV 7504 var. (hound at Artemis feet). Ai Khanoum mint.

(22 mm, 9.6 g, 6h).
Sayles & Lavender.

Artemis depicted on the reverse of this coin was the twin sister of Apollo and goddess of the Moon. A huntress with legendary skills in archery, she brought fertility to the land and special protection to women in childbirth. The historian Frank Holt wrote ‘A better patron goddess for a city such as Ai Khanoum could not have been found. It may only be coincidence, but the choice of Artemis as one female type for this city has a faint echo down through the ages. The ancient Greek name of the polis has vanished from history, but its current appellation derives from Turko-Uzbek and means “Lady Moon”. Local legends offer several explanations and identify various important women as the eponymous hero of the site. For example, local village women still bring votive offerings to a “Lady Moon”, protector of mothers and infants. Another “Lady Moon” was associated with irrigation canals and yet another with control over the rivers that flowed by the walls of the city. Such “modern” folktales reverberate with ancient echoes of Artemis/Anahita, goddess of the moon, mistress of the fertilizing waters, and guardian of women in childbirth.’
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Bactria,_Eukratides_I_Pedigree_Tetradrachm.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides I, ca. 171-145 BC, AR Tetradrachm 33 viewsΒΑΣΙΛΕYΣ MEΓAΣ EYKPATIΔHΣ Diademed and draped bust of a mature Eukratides right, wearing a crested helmet decorated with ear and horn of a bull.
HΛIOKΛIOΣ KAI ΛAOΔIKHΣ Co-joined busts facing right of Eukratides parents, Heliokles and Laodike, ΦΛΩ monogram to left.

Bopearachchi Series 15 A; SNG ANS 526-527; Mitchiner 182a; Qunduz 245-246; HGC 12, 133; Sear 7572.

(30 mm, 16.16 g, 12h).

Gorny & Mosch Giessener Munzhandlung Auction 126, October 2003, 1534.
The distinctive reddish black remnant patina of this coin is a characteristic of the silver coins from the Mir Zakah deposit. It is probably from this, the largest hoard of coins ever found, that the coin is derived.

This issue may have been inspired by the earlier “pedigree” coinage of Agathokles and Pantaleon, but equally likely given the many apparent anomalies associated with the issue, is that it was issued by the parents of Eukratides as statement of their position and prestige in Baktrian society. Heliokles’ bare head indicates that he was not a king, whereas the diadem on Laodike’s head suggests that she was of royal blood. Tarn identified her as a Seleukid princess, daughter of Seleukos II and sister of Antiochus III. On the other hand, Hollis in Laodike Mother of Eucratides of Baktria makes a plausible case that Laodike was the daughter of Antiochos III. Hollis argues that Eukratides was in this way connected to the Seleukid royal family and was perhaps facilitated by the latter in his endeavor to seize the Baktrian throne.

This coinage has a number of curious characteristics. The legend on this coin names Eukratides is in the nominative case, so that it serves to label his portrait rather than to identify him as the issuing authority of the coinage. The legend naming his parents, on the other hand, is in the genitive, normally used to indicate a filial relationship an argument supported by Hollis. However, it could also imply that Heliokles and Laodike had authorized the coinage. Both sides of the coin have defined filleted borders, unique in the coinage of Eukratides. All other issues bear only an obverse border around the image of the king. The fabric of these coins indicates that Heliokles and Laodike occupy the obverse, anvil struck side of the coin. Nevertheless, they are most frequently described in the opposite manner, in accord with the convention that the ruler occupies the obverse side of the coin.
1 commentsn.igma
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Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides I, ca. 171-145 BC, AR Tetradrachm 32 viewsDiademed bust of a youthful Eukratides right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ EYKPATIΔOY (of King Eukratides) Dioskouroi on horseback charging right, carrying spears and palm branches, PK monogram to lower right.

Bopearachchi Series1B; SNG ANS 9, 431; Mitchiner 168(f); Qunduz 108-114; HGC 12, 130; Sear GCV 7568.

(32 mm, 16.75 g, 12h).
From LWHT Col.; CNG 73, 13 Sep. 2006, 535.

Eukratides I came to power in a revolt against the Euthydemid dynasty commencing around 171 BC and continuing for a decade. He extended his dominion to include all of Baktria and its realms both north and south of the Hindu Kush. Around 145 BC, Eukratides was murdered by his one of his own sons, probably Plato. By this time Baktria was weakened by the protracted struggle for power. The demise of Eukratides provided a catalyst for Scythian nomads to cross the Oxus, eventually to overrun Baktria. The city of Ai Khanoum appears to have been amongst the first to fall to invaders. This is evidenced by the fact that no coins later than those of Eukratides have been found in the excavations at Ai Khanoum. Within a decade Baktria had fragmented, overrun by Scythian nomads from the north, with the possible exception of a small Greek enclave in the eastern foothills of the Hindu Kush and the associated valley passes that led to the south and the Kabul Valley. A small remnant Greek civilization remained for another century to the south of the Hindu Kush before being overrun.
2 commentsn.igma
Baktria,_Eukratides_I_Tetradrachm.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides I, ca. 171-145 BC, AR Tetradrachm15 viewsDiademed and draped bust of a mature Eukratides right, wearing a crested helmet decorated with ear and horn of a bull.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ MEΓAΛOY EYKPATIΔOY (of King Eukratides the Great) Dioskouroi on horseback charging right, carrying spears and palm branches, ΦΛΩ monogram beneath hooves right.

Bopearachchi Series. 6 O; SNG ANS 9, 467; Mitchiner 177a; Qunduz 135-136; HGC 12, 131; Sear GCV 7570 var. (monogram).

(32 mm, 15.81 g, 12h).
HJB 151, Nov. 2006, 221; ex- Coin Galleries 21 Nov. 1974, 371.

The epithet MEΓAΛOY (Great) indicates that this coin was struck at the apogee of Eukratides power, following the complete conquest of the Baktria.
n.igma
282.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides II, ca. 145-140 BC, AR Tetradrachm 28 viewsDiademed bust of Eukratides II r.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ EYKPATIΔOY Apollo standing l., arrow in his r. hand, in l. hand a bow resting on ground, monogram inner l. field.

Bopearachchi Series 3B; Mitchiner 173a (attributed to Eukratides I); SNG ANS 9, 625 (same dies); HGC 12, 162.

(31 mm, 16.62 g, 12h).

Harlan J. Berk Buy or Bid Sale 164 (Apr. 2009), Lot 251.
1 commentsn.igma
Bactria,_Euthydemos_I_Tetradrachm_old_portrait.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Euthydemos I, ca. 230-200 BC, AR Tetradrachm 21 viewsDiademed head of an elderly Euthydemos right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ EYΘYΔHMOY Herakles seated left on rock, resting club on thigh, PK monogram in inner right field.

SNG ANS 9, 141-142; Kritt B17; Mitchiner 94a; Qunduz 19-20; HGC 12, 43; Sear GCV 7516.
Mint “B” – Baktra ca. 206-200 BC.

(26 mm, 15.92 g, 12h).
Realms Ancient Coins; ex- CNG.

The coinage portraits of Euthydemos range from youthful to elderly, reflecting the thirty year duration of his reign, which is inferred to have ended as early as 200 BC by recent workers (Kritt), or as late as 190 BC by earlier workers (Mitchiner). This portrayal probably represents the king in his sixties or seventies, after the invasion of Baktria by Antiochos III. The late life portrayal of Euthydemos is considered to be amongst the finest Hellenistic numismatic art. It shows a world weary, perhaps dissolute figure, for who the exercise of power has become as much a burden as a benefit. The Euthydemos series extending from youth to late life is almost unique in it’s true to life representation of the physical process of aging; the vitality and optimism of youth gradually replaced by the weariness of age, all captured in the progression of the portraits of Euthydemos.
1 commentsn.igma
Bactria,_Euthydemos_I_Tetradrachm_-_mature_portrait.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Euthydemos I, ca. 230-200 BC, AR Tetradrachm 14 viewsDiademed head of the mature Euthydemos right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ EYΘYΔHMOY (of King Euthydemos). Herakles seated left on rock, resting club on pile of rocks, monogram in inner right field. Die shift in lower field with some minor scratches.

Bopearachchi Series 5B; SNG ANS 9, 131; Kritt A14; Mitchiner 85c; Qunduz12-14; HGC 12, 40; Sear 7514.
Mint “A” - Ai Khanoum ca. 215-208 BC.

(29 mm, 16.96 g, 12h).
Pars Coins.

This depiction of Euthydemos on the obverse of this coin has a portrait quality. It probably closely approximates the features of the ruler in middle age.
n.igma
Bactria,_Euthydemos_I_Tetradrachm_-_youthful_portrait.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Euthydemos I, ca. 230-200 BC, AR Tetradrachm 21 viewsDiademed head of a relatively youthful Euthydemos right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ EYΘYΔHMOY Herakles seated left on rock, resting club on pile of rocks, monogram in inner right field, letter A in exergue.

Bopearachchi Series 5C; SNG ANS 9, 137 (same reverse die); Kritt, A8; HGC 12, 40.
Mint “A” - Ai Khanoum ca. 225-220/215 BC.

(29 mm, 16.7 g, 12h).
CNG 782054; ex- Semon Lipcer Coll.; ex- CNG 63, May 2003, 923.
1 commentsn.igma
Bactria,_Euthydemos_1_Tetradrachm_-_youthful_portrait.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Euthydemos I, ca. 230-200 BC, AR Tetradrachm 15 viewsDiademed youthful head right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ EYΘYΔHMOY (of King Euthydemos). Herakles seated left on rocks, holding club set on rocks; monogram lower right field.

Kritt A1; Bopearachchi 5B; SNG ANS 9,125; HGC 12, 40; Mitchiner 85c; Qunduz 10-11.
Mint “A” - Ai Khanoum ca. 230 BC.

(28 mm, 16.38 g, 6h).
CNG eAuction 170, 8 Aug. 2007, 138.

Euthydemos I overthrew Diodotos II around 230 BC. This coin is amongst the first issued by Euthydemos. The inverted die axes convention with which it was struck is a characteristic of Mint “A” (Ai Khanoum) in the preceding Diodotid era. This was changed to parallel die axes convention in the early years of the reign of Euthydemos. Late in Euthydemos reign, Antiochos III the Great, sought to reimpose Seleukid authority over Baktria. Euthydemos withstood a two year siege by Antiochos at the fortress city of Baktra in 208-206 BC at the conclusion of which Antiochos was forced to recognize an independent Baktria. Demetrios, the son of Euthydemos, succeeded the latter around 200 BC and extended the kingdom south into the Kabul Valley and northwest Pakistan. However, the Euthydemid dynasty was destroyed by Eukratides I who progressively deposed the successors of Demetrios I.

The reverse image of a “weary Herakles” on the Euthydemos series of tetradrachms is noteworthy for its antecedents in the Lydian issues of Antiochus II. The ancient historian Polybius noted that Euthydemos came from Magnesia. However, which of three possible cities or regions called Magnesia remains uncertain. Based on the similarity of the reverse image of Euthydemos’ silver coins with those of the Lydian types, it is inferred that he may have come from Magnesia ad Sipylum in Lydia where he could have been exposed to the” weary Herakles” issues prior to his migration to Baktria. Such being the case, Euthydemos could not have been born much later than 270 BC, in which case he would have been in his seventies at the time of his death. The aged portrait on the last of his coinage tends to confirm this inference.
n.igma
Bactria,_Euthydemos_I,_AE_Dichalkon_.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Euthydemos I, ca. 230-200 BC, Æ Dichalkon 20 viewsHead of Heracles right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ EYΘYΔHMOY above and below horse prancing right.

SNG ANS 9, 146-165; Kritt AK-1; Mitchiner 87; HGC 12, 53.
Ai Khanoum 225-208/6 BC.

(24 mm, ca. 8 g, 6h).

The fabric of this coin, characterized by its thick flan and beveled obverse edge, plus the 6 o’clock die axis, indicate that it is a product of the mint at Ai Khanoum. This coin type was the most abundant in the Ai Khanoum excavations with 48 examples recorded. The issue preceded the invasion of Baktria and the capture of Ai Khanoum by Antiochos III in 208-206 BC. Subsequent Euthydemid bronze coinage was restricted to the mint at Baktra/Balkh, typified by a coin fabric consisting of a thin flan.
1 commentsn.igma
Bactria,_Pantaleon_AE.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Pantaleon I, ca. 185-180 BC, Æ Square Unit 24 viewsFemale Hindu deity Laksmi advancing left holding lotus, Rajane Patalevasa in Kharoshthi script.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΠANTAΛEONT[OYΣ] Lioness standing right

SNG ANS 9, 265; Mitchiner 161; HGC 12, 105; Sear GCV 7564. Pushkalavati mint.

(22 x19 mm, 11.25 g, 12h).
Numismatic Fine Arts Dec. 1982, 254; ex-Superior Jun. 1978, 2387; ex- Bolender, Oct. 1946.

Pantaleon is inferred to have been a brother of Euthydemos II and Agathokles. Based on the numismatic evidence, he appears to have reigned for a brief period in co-regency with his other brother Agathokles and possibly his uncle Antimachos, following the death of Euthydemos II. His coinage is the rarest of the of the Euthydemid rulers, suggesting that he was quickly dispatched by the usurper Eukratides.
1 commentsn.igma
Bactrian_Antialkidas_GCV_7633.JPG
Baktrian Kingdom: Antialkidas, 145 - 135 BC26 viewsObv: Draped bust of Zeus facing right, thunderbolt over his left shoulder; BAΣIΛEΩΣ behind, NIKHΦOPOY above, ANTIAΛKIΔOY before.

Rev: Two palm branches between the caps of the Dioscuri; Karosthi legend around, monogram beneath, Σ in lower field.

Square Æ 18, Unknown mint, c. 145 - 135 BC

8.46 grams, 18.32 mm, 0°

GCV 7633, SNG ANS 1119-27
SPQR Coins
Baktrian_Menander_I_GCV_7603.JPG
Baktrian Kingdom: Menander I Soter, 160 - 145 BC32 viewsObv: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ MENANΔPOY, draped bust of Menander I, wearing a crested helmet, facing right.

Rev: Karosthi legend around, Athena Alkidemos advancing left brandishing a thunderbolt and holding a shieild, monogram in field to right.

Silver Drachm, c. 155 - 130 BC

2.47 grams, 17 mm, 0°

GCV 7603, SNG ANS 855-65
SPQR Matt
Baktrian_Menander_I_GCV_7602.JPG
Baktrian Kingdom: Menander I Soter, 160 - 145 BC32 viewsObv: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ MENANΔPOY, heroic bust of Menander I, viewed from behind, head turned left, wearing diadem and aegis, and thrusting a spear with his right hand.

Rev: Karosthi legend around, Athena Alkidemos advancing left, brandishing a thunderbolt and holding a shield, monogram in field to right.

Silver Drachm, c. 155 - 130 BC

2.43 grams, 18 mm, 0°

GCV 7602, SNG ANS 739-44
SPQR Matt
Eukratides_Silver_coin.jpg
BAKTRIAN KINGS, Eukratides I. Circa 170-145 BC. AR Obol. 15 viewsBAKTRIAN KINGS, Eukratides I. Circa 170-145 BC. AR Obol (0.64 gm; 10 mm). Diademed, helmeted and draped bust right / Piloi of the Dioskouri, each surmounted by star and accompanied by palm; monogram below. Bopearachchi Serie 9C; SNG ANS 496. Well struck on a good metal. Antonivs Protti
Baktrian_cameo.jpg
Baktrian red glass cameo with bust of Euthydemos II163 viewsBaktrian
Red glass cameo
c. 185-180 BC
Diademed, draped bust of Euthydemos II
For bust, cf. Bopearachchi Série 1
2 commentsArdatirion
Graeco-Baktrian_Kings,_Demetrious_I_Aniketos,_Silver_Tetradrachm,_16_93g_35_mm.jpg
Demetrious Tetradrachm16 viewsmitresh
EB0154b_scaled.JPG
EB0154 Menander / Athena4 viewsMenander, 160-145 BC, BAKTRIAN KINGDOM, AR Drachm, Taxila mint.
Obverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΔΡϒ, diademed and draped bust right.
Reverse: Karosthi legend, Athena Promachos advancing left, bearing shield and thunderbolt. HA monogram in right field.
References: SG 7600, MIG 215.
Diameter: 17mm, Weight: 2.196g.
EB
EB0155_scaled.JPG
EB0155 Menander / Athena24 viewsMenander 166 - 145 BC, Drachm of Baktrian Kingdom, Taxila mint.
Obv: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ MENANΔPOY, Diadiamed bust facing right.
Rev: Athena Promachos standing left, brandishing thunderbolt and aegis; legend around, HA monogram.
References: SG. 7600; BMC 3; Whitehead 407
Diameter: 19mm, Weight: 2.42 grams
Note: this coin was already in the EB gallery, but now with improved color balance.
EB
Eukratides_I.jpg
Eukratides I319 viewsBAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Eukratides I Megas. Circa 170-145 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33mm, about 16.78 g, 12h). Attic standard. Diademed and draped bust right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull’s horn and ear / The Dioskouroi on horseback rearing right, each holding palm frond and spear; monogram to lower right. Bopearachchi 6E; SNG ANS 465. Ch VF, porous in areas. CNG auction
From The Sam Mansourati collection./ EX CNG
Photo and Description , courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.
2 commentsSam
Graeco-Baktrian_Kings,_Eukratides_I,_Silver_Tetradrachm,_34_mm,_16_89g.jpg
Eukratides Tetradrachm15 viewsmitresh
Euthydemos_II_NI_double_unit,_185-180_BC.jpg
Euthydemos II NI double unit, 1850-180 BC36 viewsBAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Euthydemos II. Circa 185-180 BC.
NI Double Unit (22mm, 7.37 g, 11h).
Laureate head of Apollo right
BAΣIΛEΩΣ EYΘYΔHMOY
Tripod; monogram to inner left.
Bopearachchi Série 6B; SNG ANS 224.

Ex Classical Numismatic Group E217, lot 203
Ardatirion
LarryW2402.jpg
GG, Antiochos Theos, 261-246 BC450 viewsGold stater, 18.46mm, 8.37g, EF
Struck before c. 250 BC under Diodotos I at Ai Khanoum(?) [Baktria] mint
Diademed middle-aged head of Diodotus I right / BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, naked Zeus striding left, aegis over extended left arm, about to hurl fulmen with raised right arm; eagle at feet, N inner left field. RCOA
Ex: Glenn Woods
Newell, ESM 713; Mitchner p. 39, 63
7 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
Azes_II_Dracma.JPG
GREEK, Baktria, Azes II, Drachm16 viewsMoneda bilingüe de 15 mm y 2,42 g acuñada en tiempos del soberano indoescita Azes II (entre el 35 a.C. y el 5 d.C.), en Bactria.
Anverso: Azes II a caballo, levantando su mano y sosteniendo un látigo. Leyendas en griego BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΙΛEΩN MEΓAΛXOY AZOY (Gran Rey Azes).
Reverso: Atenea con lanza y Nike alada, rodeada por las leyendas Maharajasa rajadirajasa mahatasa Ayasa escritas en jaroshti, que indican lo mismo del anverso. Con monogramas en el campo.

Bilingual coin measuring 15 mm and weighing 2.42 gms minted by King Azes II in Bactria between 35 B.C. and 5 A.D.
Obverse: Azes II on horseback, raising his hand and holding a whip. Legends in Greek BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΙΛEΩN MEΛAΛXOY AZOY (Great King Azes).
Reverse: Athena holding spear and Nike, surrounded by legends written in jaroshti, which mean the same as those on the obverse. Monograms in the field.

Originally uploaded by Pedro jose D
*Alex
Baktria,_Sophytes_Hemidrachm~0.jpg
GREEK, Baktria, Sophytes, 305-295 BC, AR Hemidrachm - Nicolet-Pierre and Amandry, RN (1994), 62 (this coin)217 viewsHelmeted head of Athena right.
Eagle standing left, head right, grape bunch and leaf on vine above.
Nicolet-Pierre and Amandry, RN (1994), 62 (this coin); SNG ANS 17-18.
(11 mm, 1.60 g, 6h)
Jean Elsen et Ses Fils (January 2010); ex Gorny 148 (1990) Lot 614; ex-1990 Afghanistan Commerce Hoard

This coin was one of a group of sixty five pseudo-Athenian Baktrian coins that came to market in Paris in 1990, documented by Nicolet-Pierre and Amandry in Un Nouveau Tresor de Monnaies D’argent Pseudo-Atheniennes Venu D’Afghanistan (1990). The 1990 Afghanistan Commerce Hoard increased by at least three fold the number of known examples of this coinage. Together with the associated discoveries of attic weight Sophytes issues, this proved decisive in linking the anepigraphic pseudo-Athenian issues to the later epigraphic issues of Sophytes. This coin is number 62 of the catalogue of Nicolet-Pierre and Amandry. It is amongst the finest hemidrachms of the eagle series known.
1 commentsLloyd T
Baktrian_Kingdom,_Agathokles_I,_Drachm_~0.jpg
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Agathokles I, ca. 175-165 BC, AR Drachm - Bopearachchi Series 2B225 viewsDiademed head of Agathokles right. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΓAΘOKΛEOYΣ Zeus standing facing holding sceptre and figure of Hekate bearing two torches; ΦΛΩ monogram in lower left field
Bopearachchi Series 2B; Mitchiner 138a; MACW 1680-1681; Sear 7555.
(21 mm, 4.2 g, 12h)
ex-CNG Triton IX (9 January 2006) Lot 1117.
2 commentsLloyd T
Bactria,_Antimachos_I_AR_Tetradrachm~1.jpg
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Antimachos I, ca. 175-170 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Bopearachchi Series 1E679 viewsDiademed head of Antimachos right wearing kausia. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΘE[OY] ANTIMAXOY Poseidon standing facing, holding trident and palm branch, HA monogram in inner right field.
Bopearachchi Series 1E; SNG ANS 278 (monogram variant); Mitchiner 124a; Sear 7542.
(32 mm, 17.14 g, 12h)
Provenance, based on Bopearachchi: Freeman & Sear FPL 11, Spring/Summer 2006; ex- Muhammad Riaz Barber Coll.; ex- Peshawar bazaar (April 1996); ex-Kuliab Hoard (1996)

The Kuliab Hoard from which this coin derives was found in clandestine (1995/6) excavations on an ancient site in the vicinity of Kuliab, Tajikistan, 8-10 km from Qizil Mazar, in the valley of the Qizil Su, on the right bank of the Oxus. The inferred find site is located about 80 km northeast of the famed ancient site Ai Khanoum on the left bank of the Oxus, a key Greco-Bactrian foundation.

The hoard reputedly consisted of 800 coins of which 250 were described by Bopearachchi in his paper. The hoard, consisted dominantly of small denomination silver and contained coins from the time of Seleukos I down to the time of Eukratides I. Almost all the coins were of Bactrian origin. It appears to have been a savings hoard that was closed around 145 BC, probably co-incident with the invasion of nomadic peoples from the north.

The Kuliab Hoard represents one of the easternmost finds of Graeco-Bactrian coins, proof that Bactrian influence extended well into the western Himalayan Valleys of Tajikistan to the north northeast of Ai Khanoum.

Probably my finest tetradrachm - the male equivalent Mona Lisa of coinage!
11 commentsLloyd T
Baktria,_Demetrios_I_AE_Trichalkon~0.jpg
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Demetrios I, ca. 195-175 BC AE Trichalkon - Bopearachchi Series 5E450 viewsElephant head right, bell around neck / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔHMHTPIOY Caduceus, ΦΛΩ monogram to inner left
Bopearachchi Series 5E; SNG ANS 209-11; Mitchiner 108b; Sear 7533.
(25 mm, 12.28 g, 12h)
2 commentsLloyd T
Bactria,_Demetrios_I_Tetradrachm_~0.jpg
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Demetrios I, ca. 195-175 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Bopearachchi Series 1C689 viewsDiademed and draped bust of Demetrios right, wearing elephant skin head dress. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔHMHTPIOY (of King Demetrios). Herakles standing facing, crowning himself, holding club and lion skin; PK monogram to inner left
Bopearachchi Series 1C; SNG ANS 187; Mitchiner 103d; Qunduz 28-33; Sear 7526.
(33 mm,16.68 g, 12h)
ex-CNG

At 33mm diameter this is a big coin, for an undoubtedly big man, despite him scoring only two sentences of mention in the surviving ancient written historical record.
16 commentsLloyd T
Graeco-Baktrian_Kings,_Demetrious_I_Aniketos,_Silver_Tetradrachm,_16_93g_35_mm~0.jpg
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Demetrious I Aniketos - Tetradrachm203 viewsObv: Within a circular dotted border, Diademed and draped bust of Demetrios right, wearing elephant skin head dress.

Rev: Herakles standing facing, crowning himself, holding club and lion skin; PK monogram to inner left; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔHMHTPIOY (of King Demetrios) written in Greek on either side.

Bopearachchi Series 1C; SNG ANS 187; Mitchiner 103d; Qunduz 28-33; Sear 7526.


At 35mm and weighing nearly 17g, this specimen is one of the best extant examples with a huge flan size complete with dotted border.
4 commentsmitresh
greek60.jpg
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides I AR Tetradrachm225 views(171-145 BC)
Obv.: Diademed and draped bust right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull's horn and ear.
Rev.: Dioskouroi on rearing horses right, holding palm fronds and spears; monogram in lower left field.
Bopearachchi 6W var. (monogram to right); SNG ANS 469-471 var. (monogram to right).
3 commentsMinos
Graeco-Baktrian_Kings,_Eukratides_I,_Silver_Tetradrachm,_34_mm,_16_89g~0.jpg
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides Megas - Tetradrachm170 viewsObv: Within a circular bead-and-reel border, Diademed and draped bust right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull's horn and ear.

Rev: Dioskouroi on rearing horses right, holding palm fronds and spears; monogram in lower right field, Greek semi-circular legend on top "BAΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOY" and at bottom "EYKPATIΔOY" meaning '(of) Great King Eucratides'.

Bopearachchi 6W, SNG ANS 469-471

The helmeted Eucratides tetradrachm is one of the most popular and sought-after coins of the Bactrian series. Certainly it boasts one of the best Hellenistic portrait of all times. Eukratides also minted the largest known Gold Coin of Antiquity, a massive 20 Stater coin weighing 169.2g with a huge flan size of 58mm. Perhaps it was a commemorative victory medal to celebrate Eucratides's conquest of "India," presumably some land south of the Hindu Kush, perhaps Gandhara.
4 commentsmitresh
Bactria,_Euthydemos_I_Tetradrachm~1.jpg
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Euthydemos I, ca. 225-200/190 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Bopearachchi Series 10 A184 viewsStylised diademed head of mature Euthydemos right. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ EYΘYΔHMOY Herakles seated left on rock, resting club on knee, PK monogram in inner right field.
Bopearachchi Series 10 A; SNG ANS 138; Kritt B14; Mitchiner 94a; Qunduz 15-18. Baktra/Balkh mint ca. 210-206 BC.
(26 mm, 16.57 g, 12h)

The portrait on this coin is a stylized version of the mature portrait of the king, in which Euthydemos is made to appear more youthful and stronger than the realistic representation on preceding coins. This stylization appears to have been a propaganda response to the challenge posed by the invasion of Baktria by a more youthful Antiochos III in 208-206 BC. This portrayal of the king contrasts starkly with the elderly image that emerged on coinage in the years following the invasion by Antiochos III.
1 commentsLloyd T
Bactria,_Euthydemos_II_AR_Tetradrachm~0.jpg
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Euthydemos II, ca. 175-170 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Bopearachchi Series 1C220 viewsDiademed and draped bust right. / BAΣIΛEΩΣ EYΘYΔHMOY Herakles standing facing, holding oak wreath, club and lion’s skin; PK monogram to inner left.
Bopearachchi Series 1C; SNG ANS 216; Mitchiner 113d; Qunduz 24-25; Sear 7536.
(32 mm, 16.32 g, 12h)
3 commentsLloyd T
Bactria,_Menander_I_165-130_BC_AR_Drachm_.jpg
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Menander I, ca. 165/155-130 BC, AR Drachm - Bopearachchi Serie 16E230 viewsΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤHΡΟΣ MENANΔΡΟΥ Helmeted, diademed and draped bust right. / Maharajasa tratarasa Menamdrasa, (a Karoshthi legend ) Athena Alkidemos standing left, holding shield on outstretched arm, while hurling thunderbolt; to right PKA monogram.
Mitchiner 218b; Bopearachchi Serie 16E; SNG ANS 868 - 874; Sear 7601.
(19 mm, 2.46 g, 12h)
6 commentsLloyd T
menanderf.JPG
Greek, Baktrian Kingdom, Menander I, Drachm78 viewsBaktria, Menander AR Drachm. ca 155-130 BC.
Diademed bust right / Athena left brandishing thunderbolt & holding shield; Karosthi legend around, monograms in lower fields.
1 commentsanthivs
Baktria,_Diodotos_I,_AR_tetradrachm_-_Holt_A6_4_(this_coin).jpg
GREEK, Boutin, Collection Pozzi 2945 (this coin); Holt A6.4 (this coin); Kritt A6 (plate 2 A6 this coin); CSE 1294 (this coin); SNG Lockett 3109 (this coin ID: SNGuk_0300_3109); Pozzi 2945 (this coin); ESM 717α (this coin)175 viewsBaktrian Kingdom, Diodotos I, ca. 255/250-240 BC, AR Tetradrachm

Diademed head of Diodotos I right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY Zeus advancing left hurling thunderbolt, eagle at feet, ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta, Sampi) monogram in inner left field.

Holt A6.4 (this coin); Kritt A6 (plate 2 A6 this coin); CSE 1294 (this coin); SNG Lockett 3109 (this coin ID: SNGuk_0300_3109); Pozzi 2945 (this coin); ESM 717α (this coin); SNG ANS 77; SC 631.a; Bopearachchi 2E; Mitchiner 64d; Qunduz 6; HGC 9, 24. Mint "A" - Ai Khanoum

(26 mm, 15.73 g, 6h).
Herakles Numismatics, July 2013; ex- Houghton Collection (CSE 1294); ex- Lockett Collection (SNGLockett 3109); ex-Pozzi Collection: Naville Sale I (1921), 2945.

This coin has a very distinguished provenance and has been published as plate coin in four reference works.
It was cleaned after the CSE 1294 image resulting in removal of surface deposits and 0.1 g lower weight than CSE, Holt and SNG Lockett listings
3 commentsn.igma
Baktria,_Diodotos_II_Tetradrachm_-_unknown_type~0.jpg
Greek, Diodotos II Tetradrachm - Unrecorded Baktrian.226 viewsBaktrian Kingdom, Diodotos II, ca. 235-225 BC, AR Tetradrachm
Diademed head of Diodotos II right. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔIOΔITOY (of King Diodotos). Zeus striding left, hurling thunderbolt in right hand, aegis over extended left arm; eagle standing in lower inner left, TI monogram in outer right field
The only known example of the TI mint control on the Holt F series - previously unrecorded.
Based on die matches to Holt F8.2 (obverse) and Holt F8.3 (reverse with modified controls) the coin is an immediate precursor to the Holt F8 group and thus fits between Holt’s F7 and F8 groups. Struck at Mint "B" (probably Baktra/Balkh) ca. 230-225 BC.
(26 mm, 16.3 g, 6h)
Lloyd T
Seleukos_I_on_Sophytes_Drachm.jpg
Greek, Seleukos I Nikator (?) on Sophytes Drachm, Baktria228 viewsThe portrait on the obverse of this coin is may be that of Seleukos I Nikator. It appears that Sophytes submitted to Seleukos I during the latter’s eastern anabasis in 306-305 BC and was appointed to the position of Satrap of Baktria. Following the incorporation of Baktria into the Seleukid Empire, the Seleukid administration appears to have sponsored Greek migration into the territory from Asia Minor. The increased demand for coinage would explain the successive emissions of owl, eagle and cock coinage, which culminated in the issue of the epigraphic Sophytes cock emission. The inspiration for the obverse was probably the Hero/Trophy issue of Susa, which commenced ca 301 BC. The frontal profile and features of the portrait on the obverse of Sophytes issues bear a resemblance to the portrait of Seleukos on the later coinage of Philetairos of Pergamon. On allying himself with Seleukos, Philetairos issued coinage bearing the portrait of Seleukos on the obverse the name of Philetairos on a distinctive non-Seleukid reverse. The parallels between the documented circumstances and coinage of Philetairos with the earlier undocumented history and coinage of Sopytes are apparent and suggestive of the circumstances under which Sophytes came to issue coinage bearing his name in Seleukid Baktria.

With growing power and provincial wealth following a decade of Greek immigration to the province, it is possible that Sophytes determined to move on a more independent path and issued coinage in his name, but bearing the image of Seleukos, in anticipation that the latter would pacify any concern that Seleukos may have with the approach. However, the latter strategy appears to have failed and Sophytes rapidly disappears from the scene and numismatic record. This action of Sophytes may have been the trigger for Seleukos to declare Antiochos co-regent and satrap of the eastern provinces. With this appointment, Antiochos was dispatched to Baktria and set about expanding the Seleukid administration and development of the province, including the establishment of Seleukid royal mints at Baktra and Ai Khanoum, commencing around 294 BC.
Lloyd T
Sogdiana,_Imitative_Antiochos_I__AR_drachm_.jpg
Greek, Sogdiana, Imitative Antiochos I Soter, 281-261 BC, AR Drachm 106 viewsLaureate head of Antiochos right.
Retrograde legend ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANT[I]OXOY curving from left to below and before a bridled horned horse head right, circled Δ to far right.
SC 461-462 (var. – controls); HGC 9, 136 (var. - controls) (R3).
Sogidana, uncertain mint, mid-third century BC.
A unique and unrecorded variant of SC 461-462.
(17 mm, 2.86 g, 6h)
ex- William K. Raymond Collection

The crude style, the retrograde semi-circular legend, the disposition of the mint control and the low weight of this coin are indicative of a Sogdian imitation of the Antiochos I drachm type that was issued by the mint at Ai Khanoum in Baktria during the period 281-261 BC. Unlike the imitative coin the official issue was struck on the Attic weight standard of 4.3 grams. The style of this coin and the full replication of the Ai Khanoum mint control place it early in the Sogdian imitative series, possibly contemporaneous with the lifetime Antiochos I issue that it imitates. Marcanda/Samarkand and Bukhara are likely candidates for the origin of this coin.
Lloyd T
BOP-13C.jpg
Greeks, Baktrian: Archebios Dikaios Nikephoros (75-65 BC) Æ Quadruple Unit (Bopearachchi 13C; SNG ANS 1315–6)31 viewsObv: Diademed and draped bust of Zeus right, with scepter over shoulder
Rev: Palms and piloi of the Dioskouroi; monogram in exergue
SpongeBob
IMG_0766.JPG
Hepthalites, Uncertain. Circa 7th century AD. AR Drachm. Countermarks of Phromo Kesaro33 viewsHUNNIC TRIBES, Hephthalites. Uncertain.
Circa 7th century AD.
AR Drachm (31mm, 3.48 g, 3h)
Imitating a Sasanian drachm of Hormazd IV from the Balkh mint, dated RY 11.
Countermarks of Phromo Kesaro, applied late 7th to early 8th centuries AD.
Crowned bust right; c/m: human head left
Fire altar flanked by two attendants; c/m: ΦPOPO in Baktrian.
Göbl, Dokumente -; D. Schnädelbach ONS Newsletter 169 (Spring 2001), p. 3. For c/m’s: Göbl, Dokumente KM -, 59 var
Ardatirion
IMG_0766.jpg
Hepthalites, Uncertain. Circa 7th century AD. AR Drachm. Countermarks of Phromo Kesaro 17 viewsHunnic Tribes, Hephthalites. Uncertain.
Circa 7th century AD.
AR Drachm (31mm, 3.48 g, 3h)
Imitating a Sasanian drachm of Hormazd IV from the Balkh mint, dated RY 11.
Countermarks of Phromo Kesaro, applied late 7th to early 8th centuries AD.
Crowned bust right; c/m: human head left
Fire altar flanked by two attendants; c/m: ΦPOPO in Baktrian.
Göbl, Dokumente -; D. Schnädelbach ONS Newsletter 169 (Spring 2001), p. 3. For c/m’s: Göbl, Dokumente KM -, 59 var
stainless
[Indo-Greek,_Baktria]_Apollodotos_I_Drachm_(Bop4F,_SNG_ANS_328-336).jpg
Indo-Greek, Baktria: Apollodotos I Drachm (Bopearachchi-4F; SNG ANS 328-336)47 viewsObv: Sacred elephant with decorative belt and Greek legend - ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΠΟΛΛΟΔΟΤΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ
Rev: Bull with Kharoshti legend - MAHARAJASA TRATARASA APALADATASA
1 commentsSpongeBob
apollodotus_i_xblkres.jpg
INDO-GREEK--APOLLODOTUS I (BAKTRIAN KING)17 viewsca 180 - 160 BC BC
AE RECTANGULAR HEMIOBOL 22.5 mm X 22.5 mm, 9.03 g
O: BAΣIΛEΩΣ / AΠOΛΛOΔOTOY / ΣΩTHPOΣ Apollo standing facing, holding arrow in right hand and bow in left
R: Kharoshthi legenaharajasa / Apaladatasa / tratarasa Tripod with monogram at right, within square dotted border
laney
hermaios_resxxx.jpg
INDO-GREEK--HERMAIOS (BAKTRIAN KING)18 viewsca. 30 B.C. - 10 B.C.
AE 24 mm; 8.42 g
O ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΕΡΜΑΙΟΥ, diademed and draped bust right, flowing diadem ties
R: Zeus seated left, right extended, scepter in left, Kharosthi monogram left, Kharosthi letter behind throne
Probably Posthumous Imitative
laney
hermai_resb.jpg
INDO-GREEK--HERMAIOS (BAKTRIAN KING)12 viewsca. 30 B.C. - 10 B.C.
AE 24 mm max; 8.83 g
O ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΕΡΜΑΙΟΥ, diademed and draped bust right, flowing diadem ties
R: Zeus seated left, right extended, scepter in left, Kharosthi monogram left, Kharosthi letter behind throne
Probably Posthumous Imitative
laney
menander_resxxx.jpg
INDO-GREEK--MENANDER I (BAKTRIAN KING)14 viewsca. 160 - 145 BC
AE 23mm sq; 11.07 g
O: Helmeted bust of Athena right
R: Nike walking right, holding wreath and palm; monogram before.
cf. Bopearachchi 32C; SNG ANS 945-54
Baktrian Kingdom
laney
BOP-17C.jpg
Indo-Greeks, Baktrian: Antialkidas (115-95 BCE) Hemiobol (Bopearachchi-17C; Hoover-263)32 viewsObv: Bust of Zeus right, thunderbolt over left shoulder, Greek legend on three sides - BAΣIΛEΩΣ / NIKHΦOPOY / ANTIAΛKIΔOY
Rev: Caps and palms of the Dioscuri, monogram at left, Kharoshthi legend on three sides: maharajasa / jayadharasa / amtialikidasa
SpongeBob
Bopearachchi-9C.jpg
Indo-Greeks, Baktrian: Eukratides I (ca. 170-145 BCE) AR Obol (Bopearachchi-9C; SNG ANS 496)32 viewsObv: Diademed, helmeted and draped bust right
Rev: Piloi of the Dioskouri, each surmounted by star and accompanied by palm; monogram below. Greek legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ EYKPATIΔOY (of King Eucratides)
SpongeBob
Baktrian_BOP-8A.jpg
Indo-Greeks, Baktrian: Lysias Aniketos (130-125 BC) Hemi-obol (BOP-8A; SNG-ANS 1041; MACW-1838)31 viewsObv: Bust of Herakles right, with club over shoulder
Rev: Elephant right; monogram and Σ below
SpongeBob
Indogreeks.jpg
Indo-Greeks, Baktrian: Philoxenos (125-110 BCE) AE (Bopearachchi-10F, SNG-ANS 1207)31 viewsObv: City goddess standing left, holding cornucopiae in left hand, making gesture with outstreched right hand; monogram at left of feet; Greek legend around - BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANIKHTOY / ΦIΛOΞENOY
Rev: Humped Zebu bull standing right; Σ below; Kharosthi legend around - maharajasa apadihatasa / philasinasa
SpongeBob
greek58.jpg
Kingdom of Baktria, Eukratides I AR Tetradrachm85 views(171-145 BC)
Obv.: Diademed and draped bust right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull's horn and ear.
Rev.: Dioskouroi on rearing horses right, holding palm fronds and spears; monogram in lower left field.
Bopearachchi 6W var. (monogram to right); SNG ANS 469-471 var. (monogram to right).
6 commentsMinos
Khushano-Sassanid_Hormizd_I_AE_Drachm.jpg
Kushanshah Hormizd I AE Drachm63 viewsKushanshah Hormizd (Hormazd) I
AE Drachm
270 - 295 AD
Baktrian Mint
Pahlavi legend - AUHRaMaZDI MaLKA
Bearded bust right wearing lion headdress with segmented ball; crescent and two dots behind. Long ribbons flow upward from ball of hair
Pahlavi legend - BWRZ'Y NDY YZTY
Ahura-Mazda rising from altar, holding wreath and trident.
14.8mm
1.91 g
Cribb SI 19, #24 (Bactrian issues); Mitchiner ACW 1280; Gobl Kushan 1071v; Zeymal p.257, T. 30, 31 (rare)

This coin is listed on Zeno as #48442.
WindchildPunico
bpGB1T2Baktria.jpg
KUSHITE KINGDOM, Soter Megas73 viewsAe20, 8.6 gm, 20.6 mm, ca 55-105 AD.
Obv: Headdressed (diademed?) and draped bust, right, hand raised holding object. Greek(?) lettering in inscription.
Rev: Figure (the king?) with long flowing ribbons extending from his headgear on horse, right, raising right arm. Kharoshthi lettering in inscription. Tamgha symbol in right field.
Comment: The only example I have been able to find of this coin is in Wayne Sayles' ACC, Volume I, page 139. Any better attribution would be appreciated.
Massanutten
IMG_0999.JPG
Menander I Drachm46 viewsAR Drachm
Size: 17mm, Weight: 2.45 grams, Die Axis: 9h

Bactria, Menander I
Circa 155 – 130 BCE

Obverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ MENAN∆POY (of saviour king Menander)
Diademed and draped bust of Menander I to right.

Reverse: The Kharoshthi script 𐨣𐨚𐨯 𐨚𐨟𐨪𐨯 𐨨𐨱𐨪𐨗𐨯ꅐ (maharajasa tratarasa menadrasa - translation as obverse)
Athena Alkidemos advancing left, brandishing thunderbolt and shield held horizontally decorated with head of Gorgon. Monogram to right.

Notes:
-Menander was one of the most successful Baktrian kings, and according to Strabo conquered more tribes than Alexander the Great. He was said to have raided as far east as modern day Patna, India.
-He is also reported to have converted to Buddhism, but that is according to the Buddhist text the Milinda Panha (The questions of king Milinda). However it is recorded by Plutarch that upon his death his remains were shared amongst cities and 'monuments' were erected to honour these. This may be a reference to Buddhist stupas. There is no doubt, like Alexander before him, he respected the various religions of his kingdom, and used them to gain advantage wherever possible.
-The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, thought to have been written in the mid first century CE, records the following:
"To the present day ancient drachmae are current in Barygaza (modern day Bharuch in Gujarat, India), coming from this country, bearing inscriptions in Greek letters, and the devices of those who reigned after Alexander, Apollodorus and Menander."
-Kharosthi (also known as Gandharan) was a script used in the region of modern day Afghanistan and Pakistan from about the 3rd century BCE to about the 3rd century CE. There is evidence of the script surviving as late as the 7th century CE in some outposts along the Silk Road. Interestingly, some early Chinese translations of Buddhist works indicate a Kharosthi source.
-Kharosthi is read from right to left, like for example modern Arabic. In the case of Menander, his epithets all end in 𐨯 (sa), so it is quite east to make out each word on the coin. The first letter of Menadrasa ꅐ (me) is made up of 𐨨 (m) combined with the diacritic vowel mark ' (e). This letter 'me', is quite distinctive and clearly visible directly below the monogram on my coin. Thus reading (by English convention) backwards the word me . na . dra . sa is clear. Note I was not able to find the Unicode script for Kharosthi 'me', so the symbol I have used is from 'Yi' script which was the closest approximation of The Kharosthi symbol I could find.

Ex Frank S Robinson Auction 97 lot 13, 2016
1 commentsPharsalos
Parthia_Didrachm_Athenian_Imitative_ca_245-238_BC_.jpg
Parthia, Andragoras, ca. 245-238 BC, AR Didrachm43 viewsHelmeted head of Athena r.; monogram behind.
Owl standing r., head facing; galley prow r. above grape vine branch behind, AΘE to r.

Taylor 'Birds of a Feather' 2.15; HGC 12, 3 (Baktria); H. Nicolet-Pierre & M. Amandry, RN 1994, 49 (Baktria); SNG ANS 9, 4 var. (Baktria).

(18 mm, 8.11 g, 6h).

Roma Numismatics E-Live 4 (20 Nov. 2018), lot 440; ex- 'Andragoras-Sophytes' Hoard.

This coin like all the Series 2 didrachms has a strongly developed hammered edge fabric giving the edge of the coin a faceted appearance that is much more evident in hand than in the photo.

Although the mint control symbol consisting of a galley prow may seem out of place on a coin struck in Parthia, it should be remembered that the province of Parthia bordered the Caspian Sea, the world's largest inland body of water, undoubtedly plied by galleys in ancient times.

The 'Andragoras-Sophytes' hoard came to market from mid-late 2017. It was reputedly found in 2014 and consisted of approximately 600 coins from at an undisclosed location in Afghanistan (Hoard information: Olivier Bordeaux & Osmund Bopearachchi). Around half of these coins were marketed by Roma Numismatics in a succession of auctions commencing in 2017 and continuing through 2018.
3 commentsn.igma
310.jpg
Parthia, Andragoras, ca. 245-238 BC, AR Didrachm21 viewsHelmeted head of Athena r.; bunch of grapes behind.
Owl standing r., head facing, crescent, olive spray (largely off-flan) and bunch of grapes (mostly off-flan) behind, AΘE to r.

Taylor Birds of a Feather 2.3, 96 (dies a7/p12) ; HGC 12, 4 (Baktria); H. Nicolet-Pierre & M. Amandry, RN 1994, 24-28 (Baktria); SNG ANS 9, 5 (Baktria).

(19 mm, 7.94 g, 6h).

Roma Numismatics XVII (28 Mar. 2019), lot 587; ex 'Andragoras-Sophytes' Hoard.

The 'Andragoras-Sophytes' hoard came to market from mid-late 2017. It was reputedly found in 2014 and consisted of approximately 600 coins from at an undisclosed location in Afghanistan (Hoard information: Olivier Bordeaux & Osmund Bopearachchi). Around half of these coins were marketed by Roma Numismatics in a succession of auctions commencing in 2017 and continuing through to 2019.
1 commentsn.igma
Baktria,_Pre-Seleukid_Drachm.jpg
Parthia, Andragoras, ca. 245-238 BC, AR Drachm35 viewsHelmeted head of Athena right.
Eagle standing left, head right; grape bunch and leaf on vine with kerykeion (partially off flan) above.

Taylor Birds of a Feather 3.7, 176 (this coin illustrated); HGC 12, 8 var. (no kerykeion) (R2); Bopearachchi, Sophytes 2 var.; SNG ANS 9, 14-16 var. (no kerykeion); Mitchiner 26d.

(13 mm, 3.48 g, 6h).
Classical Numismatic Group Mail Bid Auction 75, 23 May 2007, 613.
2 commentsn.igma
Parthia,_Andragoras,_Tetradrachm_jpg.jpg
Parthia, Andragoras, ca. 245-238 BC, AR Tetradrachm25 viewsHelmeted head of Athena r.; ΠYMH monogram behind in lower l. field.
Owl standing r., head facing; olive-sprig, crescent and grape bunch behind, AΘE to r.

Taylor Birds of a Feather 2.7, 51 (this coin) dies A5/P8; HGC 12, 2 var.; H. Nicolet-Pierre & M. Amandry, "Un nouveau trésor de monnaies d’argent pseudo-Athéniennes venu d’Afghanistan” RN 1994, 13-15 (attributed to Baktria); Bopearachchi Sophytes 1 (Baktria); Mitchiner 13e (attributed to Babylon).

(22 mm, 16.83 g, 6h).

Coin India; ex- Hakim Hamidi (an Afghan coin dealer).
1 commentsn.igma
Khushano-SassanidHormizdAE.jpg
PARTHIA/PERSIA, Hormizd I (270-295 AD), AE Drachm38 viewsKushanshah Hormizd (Hormazd) I
AE Drachm
270 - 295 AD
Baktrian Mint
Pahlavi legend - AUHRaMaZDI MaLKA
Bearded bust right wearing lion headdress with segmented ball; crescent and two dots behind. Long ribbons flow upward from ball of hair
Pahlavi legend - BWRZ'Y NDY YZTY
Ahura-Mazda rising from altar, holding wreath and trident.
14.8mm
1.91 g
Cribb SI 19, #24 (Bactrian issues); Mitchiner ACW 1280; Gobl Kushan 1071v; Zeymal p.257, T. 30, 31 (rare)

This coin is listed on Zeno as #48442.
WindchildPunico
Bactria,_Antimachos_I_AR_Tetradrachm~0.jpg
Poseidon - Ποσειδῶν441 viewsPoseidon is portrayed on the reverse of this Baktrian tetradrachm issued by Antimachos I (ca. 175-170 BC). A uniquely curious choice for a landlocked country, although the association of Poseidon with earthquakes (which regularly shake the region of Afghanistan) may have been a determining factor in Antimachos choice of a patron god.

Poseidon (Ποσειδῶν) was the god of the sea and the earth-shaker (god of earthquakes) of Greek mythology. He was the protector of many Hellenic cities, although he lost the contest for Athens to Athena. The contest revolved around a gift of each god to the city, with the preferred one of the Athenians determining the outcome. Poseidon struck the ground with his trident, whereupon a spring came into being, only its water proved salty. Athena on the other hand, offered an olive tree making the choice of the Athenians decisive. To placate Poseidon on their choice the Athenians erected a temple to him (Poseidon) at Cape Sounion to the south of Athens.


4 commentsLloyd T
Apamea_AE_lg.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, Æ 21 - Apamea on the Axios 28 viewsElephant standing right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Bridled horned horse's head left, anchor beneath.

SC 35; HGC 9, 79; CSE 415; WSM 1128; SNG Spaer 50-52; SNG Copenhagen 40; Sear GCV 6850.
Apamea on the Axios Mint 300-281 BC.

(21 mm, 7.86 g, 12h).

Seleukos I established Apamea on the Axios (a tributary of the upper Orontes River) in Syria around 300 BC. Named in honour of his Baktrian wife, Apama, it was developed on the site of the former Macedonian military colony of Pella. It became the primary Seleukid military depot and arsenal. In Apamea, Seleukos maintained his 500 war elephants and more than 30,000 horses to serve the needs of his cavalry, as well as an arsenal of weaponry and facilities for the manufacture of arms. For the next five generations, Seleukid military campaigns were mounted from Apamea.

The coin type is rare, with all known find locations being located in Syria, but with no control, or design linkages to any other emission from the Seleukid Syrian mints of the time. Newell placed this coin as the sole issue of Apamea during the reign of Seleukos I. This attribution was based on the absence of any linkage to any other Syrian mints and the iconography of the coin, which he felt reflected the military role and significance of Apamea. In the obverse he saw the war elephants, which were the pride of Seleukos’ army, while in the reverse he saw a reference to the powerful Seleukid cavalry, both of which were based at Apamea.

The iconography of the coin bears a striking similarity to the tetradrachm issues of Pergamon in Seleukos name in 281 BC, following the defeat of Lysimachos in the Battle of Korupedion. This short-lived emission is unique. Newell believed that it was possibly inspired by the Apamea bronze coinage, suggesting that the latter may have been struck at the time Seleukos was assembling his forces at Apamea for the decisive encounter with Lysimachos. Some of these coins may then have accompanied his soldiers into Asia Minor, eventually to find their way with his soldiers to Pergamon, where the type served as the model for the brief silver emission celebrating Seleukos’ victory at Korupedion.
2 commentsn.igma
Seleukid_Kingdom,_Seleukos_I_312-280_BC_AE_20.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I, 305-281 BC, Æ Double - Baktria, Uncertain Mint 19 (Baktra ?)19 viewsHead of Dioskouros right, wearing a wreathed pilos, all within dotted border (partially visible).
BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY (barely legible) Forepart of horned and bridled horse galloping right, anchor above, circled ΠYMH monogram to right.

ESM 749d var. (obverse monogram); Kritt SCB 45 variant (monogram detail); SC 269.4 var.; HGC 9, 87.
Struck 290/86-281 BC at Houghton & Lorber's Uncertain Baktrian Mint 19 probably Baktra.

(20 mm, 7.76 g, 7h).

This is one of the first Baktrian bronze coins to bear the name of the Seleukos. Twenty-one bronze coins with this iconography are known. Seventeen of these are listed in Kritt’s Seleukid Coins of Baktria catalogue, all attributed to Mint A (Baktra). Kritt noted that one similar coin (Kritt Group 7, 40) was found in the Ai Khanoum excavations. This specimen he considered to be a Mint A (Baktra ?) product, transported to Ai Khanoum in the pattern of trade of the time. Following Kritt’s reasoning, Seleucid Coins attributed this coin type to Uncertain Mint 19 (Kritt’s Mint A), perhaps Baktra, in the period 290/86-281 BC.
n.igma
SNG-ANS_TOC.pdf
SNG American Numismatic Society. Table of Contents.117 viewsSylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Part 1 to 9 | The Collection of the American Numismatic Society | Table of Contents (and ONLY the Table of Contents).
11,991 coins, 388 plates.
Collection highlight: The backbone of this collection is that of Edward T. Newell, and is rich in Southern Italian and Sicilian coinage. Part 9 has extensive Baktrian coinage.
1 commentsAnaximander
collage17.jpg
Trajan, Camel89 viewsTrajan- 98-117 AD
ARABIA PETRAEA, Bostra

AR Drachm;3.25g;18-19mm

AUTOKR KAIS NER TRAIANW ARISTW SEB GERM DAK
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind

DHMRC EX UPATOS
Baktrian camel walking left
2 commentsarizonarobin
   
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