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9 viewsMoeda Brasil 1935- 1000 Reis
Serie Ilustres - Padre Anchieta
Módulo Maior - Escassa
________________________________

ANVERSO
Efígie do Padre José de Anchieta, de perfil, onde
se ostenta a inscrição vertical ANCHIETA.
Missionário e fundador de São Paulo.
Sigla do gravador Calmon Barreto.

REVERSO
No centro, um livro aberto e o valor 1000 réis em
semicírculo. Sob o valor, a data. No exergo, a palavra
BRASIL. Sigla do gravador Walter Toledo.

PADRÃO MONETÁRIO
MIL-RÉIS (de 08/10/1833 a 31/10/1942)

PERÍODO POLÍTICO
República, Era Vargas (1930-1945)

ORIGEM
Casa da Moeda, Rio de Janeiro

CARACTERÍSTICAS
Material: bronze alumínio
Diâmetro: 26,7 mm
Peso: 8,00 g
Espessura: 2,10 mm
Bordo: serrilhado
Antonivs Protti
TAMAR___DAVIT_Regular_Coinage.jpg
72 viewsGEORGIAN KINGDOM, QUEEN TAMAR, (1184-1213 AD) K'ORONIKON, 420 = 1200 AD; Obv.: Bagratid royal emblem in the form of a standard, to left and right: Initials for T'amar and David; in the corners, Georgian date formula, K'K Ví K (420 of the Paschal cycle = AD 1200). Two Counterstamps. Rev.: Christian inscriptions in arabic script, which reads: 1st line: Malekat al-Malekaat(s) / 2nd line Jellal Al-Dunya Wal Din / 3rd line : Tamar Ibnat Kurki / 4th line : Zahir Al-Massih. Translation: Queen of Queens Glory of the World and Faith T'amar daughter of Giorgi Champion of the Messiah. Reference: LANG # 11.

Reverse inscriptions read :
ملكة الملكات
جلال الدنيا و الدين
تمار ابنة كوركى
ظهير المسيح
dpaul7
RIC_578A_Vespasianus.jpg
33 viewsObv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M T P COS IIII CENS, Radiate head left
Rev: AEQVITAS AVGVST / S C (in field), Aequitas standing left, with scales and rod
AE/Dupondius (27.59 mm 12.479 gr 6h) Struck in Rome 73 A.D.
RIC-BMCRE-BNF unpublished
1 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
fX2MW3jPNE6kR9py5yTHL8ok4mcBnF.jpg
8 viewsObverse:


Laureate bust of Constantine right.


Reverse:


SARMATIA DEVICTA: Victory advancing right, captive at her feet. STR (crescent) in exergue.


Weight:


2.81 grams.


Diameter:


18.81 mm.


Comments:


Glossy dark patina. As struck, no weaknesses and very difficult to better.


References.


RIC 435.
1 commentspaul1888
Zy4o5EnCf2EqKSe3w9Ft77mQBN8sG6.jpg
4 viewsC. 328-329 AD

Reverse: PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, camp gate, SMNΓ in ex.

Toned with a super portrait and good metal.

Ref: RIC 153

3.13g

20mm
paul1888
vbnw.jpg
Divus Constantine I Posthumous commemorative 27 viewsConstantine I AE 4 “Chariot to God” Constantine “The Great” 306-337 CE.
Obverse: DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG, veiled head right.
Reverse: no legend, Constantine in quadriga right, the hand of God, upper center, grasps the chariot.
SMKA in ex. Cyzicus mint RIC VIII 19
13.4 mm, 1.0 g
NORMAN K
Augustus_RPC_1565.jpg
2 Augustus RPC 156517 viewsAUGUSTUS
Æ of Parium or Philippi, 27 BC-14 AD

AVG, head of Augustus r./ Two colonists ploughing with a pair of oxen right.

RPC 1565 (uncertain, Philippi?); SNG BN 1439.
RI0011
Sosius
Screen_Shot_2017-05-11_at_10_53_46_AM.png
4 Caligula14 viewsGaius Caligula. A.D. 37-41. AE quadrans. Rome mint, struck A.D. 41. Rare. Unlisted in RIC 2nd Edition. From the RJM Collection.
Gaius Caligula. A.D. 37-41. AE quadrans (17.79 mm, 3.20 g, 7 h). Rome mint, struck A.D. 41. C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG , legend around large S - C; Pileus or "Liberty Cap" between / PON M TR P IIII P P COS QVAT, legend around large RCC. RIC I unlisted; RIC I (1st edition) 41; BMCRE 79-80; BN 126-7. VF, rough, brown surfaces. Rare. Unlisted in RIC 2nd Edition.

From the RJM Collection.

Rare last year of issue, when Gaius was consol for the fourth time

Ex Agora Auctions, 5/9/2017
Sosius
image~0.jpg
7 Galba35 viewsGalba. A.D.
68-69 AD
Æ as (27 mm, 10.29 g, 6 h). Rome.

O: IMP SER SVLP GALBA CAES AVG TR P, laureate head of Galba right

R: LIBERTAS PVBLICA, S C across fields, Libertas standing left, holding pileus and scepter.

RIC 328 var. (bare head); BMC 144; BN 160 (same dies). Dark brown and green patina, light roughness.

Good fine.

Ex Triskeles Auctions
RI0040
Sosius
Gordian_III_Syd_616.jpg
1 Gordian III11 viewsGordian III
AE22 of Caesarea, Cappadocia
Dated Year 7 = Jan - Feb 244 AD

O: AV KAI M ANT GORDIANOC, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right

R: MHTP KAI BNE, six ears of corn bound together, in lower field ET-Z

BMC 346-349, SGI 3778, Syd 616
Sosius
Screen_Shot_2017-05-11_at_10_49_26_AM.png
11.5 Julia Titi35 viewsJulia Titi, Daughter of Titus (A.D. 79-80). Augusta, A.D. 79-90/1. AE dupondius. Rome mint, struck A.D. 79/80 by Titus. From the RJM Collection.
Julia Titi, Daughter of Titus (A.D. 79-80). Augusta, A.D. 79-90/1. AE dupondius (27.82 mm, 10.08 g, 5 h). Rome mint, struck A.D. 79/80 by Titus. IVLIA IMP T AVG F AVGVSTA, draped bust of Julia right, hair drawn-up in bun / Vesta seated left holding palladium and scepter; S - C // VESTA. RIC 398 (Titus); BN (Titus) 270, 271; BMC (Titus) 256, 257. Fine, green patina, cleaning marks.

From the RJM Collection.

Ex Agora Auctions, 5/9/2017
3 commentsSosius
76893q00[1].jpg
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, 669 (C3); BMCRE II 153; BnF III 147; RSC II 25130 viewsSilver denarius
Obverse: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII, laureate head right.
Reverse: IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, helmeted and draped, thunderbolt in right hand, spear vertical behind in left hand, grounded shield at feet behind.
2.85 g., 18.7 mm, Rome mint
sold 4-2018
1 commentsNORMAN K
philippe3-gros-tournois.JPG
Dy.202A Philip III (the Bold): Gros tournois 35 viewsPhilip III, king of France (1270-1285)
Gros tournois (1270-1280)

Silver (958 ‰), 4.04 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 1h30
O: inner circle: +PhILIPVS.REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONV.S.CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This type exactly continued the Gros tournois of Saint Louis, Philip's father.
Droger
philippe4-grostournois-orond.JPG
Dy.213 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a round O36 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with a round O (1280-1290)

Silver (958 ‰), 4.07 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS.CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign). The only difference with the Gros tournois of the first part of Philip III's reign is PHILIPPVS, spelled with 2 P intead of 1.
Droger
philippe4-gros-tournois-olong.JPG
Dy.214 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a long 032 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with long 0 (1290-1295)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.96 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVR0NVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

The only difference between this emission and the previous one is the 0 in TVR0NVS, which is now long instead of round.
Droger
philippe4-gros-tournois-lis.JPG
Dy.217 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a long 0 and a lily26 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with long 0 and a lily (1298)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.98 g, diameter 27 mm, die axis 7h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS(ringlet)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVR0NVS*CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis
Droger
philippe6-gros-couronne-1ere.JPG
Dy.262 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 1st emission7 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 1st emission (01/01/1337)

Silver (851 ‰), 2.51 g, diameter 25 mm, die axis 5h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

Philip VI is the first non direct capetian king. He was the cousin of the 3 previous kings.
The Gros tournois hadn't changed since its creation by Saint Louis. During Philip VI's reign, 3 new types of Gros were struck, with lighter weight and less silver. These monetary difficulties may be related to the premisses of the One Hundred Years' war and French military defeats.

The 3 bullets in the chatel (without any star below) are characteristic of the 1st emission.
Droger
philippe6-gros-couronne-2eme.JPG
Dy.262A1 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 2ond emission30 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 2ond emission (10/31/1338)

Silver (639 ‰), 2.44 g, diameter 23 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm(T); châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside and a star below; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis
(slightly double struck) reverse

The 3 bullets in the chatel and the star below are characteristic of the 2ond emission.
Droger
philippe6-gros-couronne-3eme.JPG
Dy.262B Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 3rd emission25 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 3rd emission (01/29/1340)

Silver (559 ‰), 2.33 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 3h
O: inner circle: PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 2x inside and a ringlet below; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

As expected, the silver percentage is lower than for the previous emission.
The 2 x in the chatel (quite hard to distinguish !) and the ringlet below are characteristic of the 3rd emission.
Droger
philippe6-gros-couronne-4eme.JPG
Dy.262C Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 4th emission17 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 4th emission (04/06/1340)

White billon (479 ‰), 2.16 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 3h
O: inner circle: PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée and 4 ringlets at its boundaries; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown and 2 fleurs-de-lis, with a ring inside; a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis and a small cross

The silver content goes on lowering.
The ring in the chatel is characteristic of the 4th emission.
Droger
philippe6-gros-lis.JPG
Dy.263 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la fleur de lis, 2ond emission ?11 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la fleur de lis (3 emissions between 1341 and 1343)

White billon (479 ‰), 2.50 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 6h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS.REX; cross pattée with a fleur-de-lis in the NE quadrant; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; fleur-de-lis; outer circle: a circle of 10 fleur-de-lis

The 3 emissions are very similar, the weight is the only difference. This coin may belong to the 2ond emission.
Droger
philippe6-grosalaqueue.JPG
Dy.265 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la queue33 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la queue (09/27/1348 and 01/15/1349)

White billon (479 ‰), 3.33 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 6h
O: inner circle: (crown)PhILIP-PVS.REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV⋮XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS.CIVIS; châtel tournois with 3 archs under a crown; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This Gros was struck at the end of Philip's reign and contains a quite small amount of silver.
Droger
nerva.jpg
(0096) NERVA14 views96 - 98 AD
struck 97 AD
Copper as, 28.3 mm; 10.735 g RIC II 83, BMCRE III 130, Cohen II 68, BnF III 116, Hunter I -, SRCV II
O: IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS III P P, laureate head right;
R: FORTVNA AVGVST (good fortune of the Emperor), Fortuna standing left, rudder held by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field;
Rome mint; RIC II 83, BMCRE III 130, Cohen II 68, BnF III 116, Hunter I -, SRCV II --from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren
(ex Forum)
laney
roma_numis_auction_otho_glk_2.jpg
(08) OTHO12 views15 January - 8 March 69 AD
AR Denarius 18 mm, 2.82 g
O: IMP OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right
R: SECVRITAS P R, Securitas, draped, standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand, cradling sceptre in left arm
Rome; RIC 10; BMCRE 19; BN 11-13. Very Rare
Ex. Roma Numismatics auction 01.2019
laney
vitellius_denarius_res.jpg
(09) VITELLIUS33 views69 AD
3.110g, maximum diameter 18.8mm
O: A VITELLIVS GERMANICVS IMP, bare head right
R: CONCOR-DIA P R, Concordia enthroned left, patera in right, cornucopia in left
Rome mint; RIC I 66, RSC II 21, BMCRE I 1, BnF III 3 (Scarce)
(ex-Forum)
1 commentslaney
!CFmFj+QB2k~_(KGrHqZ,!hgE0f0lifVHBNVqZuj6qg~~_12.jpg
*SOLD*47 viewsTheodosius I AE4

Attribution: RIC IX 67b/70a, Antioch
Date: AD 383-392
Obverse: DN THEODO-SIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory advancing l., trophy on shoulder, dragging
captive behind her, cross in l. field, ANTB or ANT Delta in exergue
Size: 13 mm
Weight: 1.37 grams
Noah
56471q00.jpg
*SOLD*8 viewsAugustus Copper quadrans

Attrribution: RIC I 455a, Morrison BN 806
Date: 5 BC
Obverse: MESSALLA GALVS III VIR, garlanded altar with bowl-shaped top
Reverse: APRONIVS SISENNA AAAFF, around large S C
Size: 17 mm
Weight: 3.02 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
augustusdenarius~0.JPG
001. Augustus, 27BC-14AD. AR Denarius. Ob Civis Servatos.67 viewsAR Denarius. Tarraco mint. 19 B.C.
Obv. Bare head right CAESAR AVGVSTVS

Rev. OB CIVIS SERVATOS below and above wreath.

RIC I 75a, RSC 210, BMCRE 376-7 = BMCRR Rome 4389-90, BN 1164-9. gVF.

Incredibly high relief, almost 2mm from the fields. Wear only on the highest curls. Assigned to Tarraco by style based on work by Richard Prideauxin Triton XI.
LordBest
coin614.JPG
002. Augustus35 viewsAugustus. 27 BC-AD 14. Æ Dupondius (28mm, 12.15 g). Rome mint. Q. Aelius Lamia, moneyer. Struck 18 BC. Legend in three lines within wreath / Legend around large S C. RIC I 324; BMCRE 176; BN 236. Near VF, brown patina with tan high points, some scratches on obverse.1 commentsecoli
0025.jpg
0025 - Denarius Tiberius 14-37 AC37 viewsObv/TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, Tiberius laureate head r.
Rev/PONTIF MAXIM, female figure (Livia or Pax) seated r., r. holding long vertical sceptre, l. branch, on chair with plain legs above double line.

Ag, 19.0mm, 3.70g
Mint: Lugdunum.
RIC I/26 [C] - RCV 1763 - BMCRE 34 - CBN 16 - RSC 16
ex-Áureo, auction 25 apr 2007, lot 1019
1 commentsdafnis
Caligula_RIC_16.jpg
004 Gaius (Caligula) AR Denarius66 viewsSH86638. Silver denarius, RIC I 16 (R2, Rome), RSC I 2, Lyon 167, BnF II 21, BMCRE I 17, cf. SRCV I 1807 (aureus), VF, toned, attractive portraits, bumps and marks, some pitting, lamination defects, ex jewelry, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, weight 3.443g, maximum diameter 18.2mm, die axis 180o, 2nd emission, 37 - 38 A.D.; obverse C CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR POT (counterclockwise from lower right), laureate head of Caligula right; reverse DIVVS AVG PATER PATRIAE (counterclockwise from lower right), radiate head of Divus Augustus right; ex Classical Numismatic Group, e-auction 69 (23 July 2003), lot 90
Ex: Forum Ancient coins, March 2, 2018.


This is my second denarius of Gaius. I was extremely happy to get this one. I know the surfaces are a bit rough, but it is still a VF example of a rare coin. Denarii of Caligula do not show up for sale very often outside of large auction houses. When they do appear they are often very expensive. I waited for about 2 1/2 years for a coin like this to show up. As soon as it did I bought it.

I want to share a quick word about where I bought this coin. It was a purchase from Forum Ancient Coins. Coins are guaranteed authentic for eternity, and the service is second to none. Forum is also an incredible source of information concerning ancient coins. If you have a question about ancient coins, chances are that question has been asked and answered on Forum Ancient Coins. Many experts frequent this site and they are always willing to share their expertise.

Anyone trying to assemble a set of the 12 Caesars in silver will need to find a denarius of Gaius. His is one of the most difficult to add along with denarii of Claudius and Otho. It has also been suggested by some that it is the fault of 12 Caesars collectors that drives the prices so high. While true that there is a lot of competition for these coins when they appear, it is also true that there are alternatives to the denarii of Gaius. One popular choice is the Vesta As. These are quite common and can be had in nice condition for reasonable prices.

On the obverse we have the typical portrait of Gaius, while on the reverse we see a portrait of his great grandfather Augustus. Augustus is depicted as a Divus or god. The reverse legend "Pater Patriae" refers to Augustus as the father of the country. One reason Augustus was on the reverse was to remind the people of Rome of their emperor's connection to the Julio-Claudian ruling dynasty.

Why are denarii of Gaius so scarce? One explanation is has to do with Gresham's law or bad money drives out good money. The theory is that the monetary reforms of Nero, which debased to coinage in both weight and fineness, caused people to hoard the older more valuable coins of emperors like Caligula and Claudius. The problem with this explanation is that there are plenty of "tribute penny" denarii of Tiberius. The other possibility is that perhaps smaller numbers of Gaius' denarii were originally minted. Maybe there was already enough silver coinage circulating and therefore fewer were needed. Whatever the real reason, we are unlikely to ever get a satisfactory answer.
5 commentsorfew
galba_ric_193.jpg
007 Galba AR Denarius86 viewsGalba AR denarius,  VF, Rome mint, ( 3.512g, 19.0mm,  180o), Nov 68 - Jan 69 A.D.; 
elegant style, light toning on nice surfaces, high-points flatly struck,
Obv: IMP SER GALBACAESAR AVG, laureate head right; 
Rev: HISPANIA (counterclockwise starting on left), Hispania advancing left, draped, poppy and two stalks of grain in extended right hand, round shield and two transverse spears in left hand;
RIC I 193 (R2), BMCRE I 16, RSC II 83, BnF III 89, Hunter I 1 var. (no CAESAR, Aug - Oct 68), SRCV I 2103 var. (same)
Ex: the Jyrki Muona Collection; Ex: Forum Ancient Coins


This is one of my favourite coins. I love the portrait on the obverse and the depiction of Hispania on the reverse. Galba was the first ruler in the 'year of the four emperors' in 69 CE.
3 commentsorfew
Denarius Augusto, Cayo y Lucio.jpg
01- 01 - AUGUSTO, CAYO y LUCIO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)92 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 3.5 gr.

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE" - Busto laureado a derecha.
Rev: "AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT" - Cayo y Lucio sus nietos de pié enfrentados c/u descansando su mano en un escudo redondo y lanza. En el campo centro superior Lituus (Báculo o cayado usado por los augures) a derecha y Simpulum (Copa pequeña) a Izquierda. "C L CAESARES" en exergo.

Acuñada 2 A.C. a 4 D.C.
Ceca: Lungdunum - Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #207 Pag.55 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1597 Pag.317 - BMCRE #533 - RSC Vol.1 #43 Pag.134 - Cohen Vol.1 #42 Pag.69 - DVM #51b Pag.67 - CBN #1651
mdelvalle
RIC_207_Denario_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01- 01 - AUGUSTO, CAYO y LUCIO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)39 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 3.5 gr.

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE" - Busto laureado a derecha.
Rev: "AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT" - Cayo y Lucio sus nietos de pié enfrentados c/u descansando su mano en un escudo redondo y lanza. En el campo centro superior Lituus (Báculo o cayado usado por los augures) a derecha y Simpulum (Copa pequeña) a Izquierda. "C L CAESARES" en exergo.

Acuñada 2 A.C. a 4 D.C.
Ceca: Lungdunum - Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #207 Pag.55 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1597 Pag.317 - BMCRE #533 - RSC Vol.1 #43 Pag.134 - Cohen Vol.1 #42 Pag.69 - DVM #51b Pag.67 - CBN #1651
mdelvalle
Denarius Augusto, Cayo y Lucio 2.jpg
01- 02 - AUGUSTO, CAYO y LUCIO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.) 102 viewsAR Denario 17 x 16 mm 3.2 gr.

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE" - Busto laureado a derecha.
Rev: "AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT" - Cayo y Lucio sus nietos de pié enfrentados c/u descansando su mano en un escudo redondo y lanza. En el campo centro superior Lituus (Báculo o cayado usado por los augures) a izquierda y Simpulum (Copa pequeña) a derecha, "X" debajo. "C L CAESARES" en exergo.

Acuñada 2 A.C. a 4 D.C.
Ceca: Lungdunum - Lyon Francia
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #211 Pag.56 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1597 var Pag.317 - BMCRE #537 - RSC Vol.1 #43a Pag.134 - Cohen Vol.1 #43 Pag.69 - DVM #51c Pag.67 - CBN #1651
mdelvalle
RIC_211_Denario_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01- 02 - AUGUSTO, CAYO y LUCIO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.) 29 viewsAR Denario 17 x 16 mm 3.2 gr.

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE" - Busto laureado a derecha.
Rev: "AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT" - Cayo y Lucio sus nietos de pié enfrentados c/u descansando su mano en un escudo redondo y lanza. En el campo centro superior Lituus (Báculo o cayado usado por los augures) a izquierda y Simpulum (Copa pequeña) a derecha, "X" debajo. "C L CAESARES" en exergo.

Acuñada 2 A.C. a 4 D.C.
Ceca: Lungdunum - Lyon Francia
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #211 Pag.56 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1597 var Pag.317 - BMCRE #537 - RSC Vol.1 #43a Pag.134 - Cohen Vol.1 #43 Pag.69 - DVM #51c Pag.67 - CBN #1651
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RIC_126_Denario_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01- 03 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.) 30 viewsAR denario 17,75 mm 3,50 gr.

Anv: ANEPÍGRAFA - Cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: AVGVSTVS en exergo - Capricornio (su signo del zodíaco) a derecha, con orbe y cornucopia.

Acuñada: Entre el 18 y 16 A.C.
Ceca: Colonia Patricia
Rareza: R2

Referencias: RIC I #126 Pag.50; BMCRE #346; BMCRR #4374; CBN #1266; Sear RCTV I #1592 Pag.316; RSC I #21 Pag.133
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Denarius_Augusto_RIC_180.jpg
01- 04 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.) 97 viewsAR denario 3,27 gr.

Esta acuñación conmemora la famosa Victoria de Augusto sobre Marco Antonio y Cleopatra en la batalla de Actium, que indirectamente termina con la trágica muerte de estos dos últimos.

Anv: AVGVSTVS DIVI F - Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: IMP / XII - ACT en exergo - Apolo Citharoedus de Actium, de pié de frente viendo a izq., vistiendo larga vestimenta y portando Plectrum/Plectro (Pequeña púa hecha de diferentes materiales que se usa para tocar instrumentos de cuerda, como un reemplazo o ayuda de los dedos) en mano der. y Lira en izq.

Acuñada: Entre el 11 y 10 A.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Lyon
Rareza: R2

Referencias: RIC I 180; Lyon 37; RSC 165; BMCRE 478-9 = BMCRR Gaul 194-5; BN 1418-9.
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RIC_180_Denario_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01- 04 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.) 20 viewsAR denario 18 mm 3,27 gr.

Esta acuñación conmemora la famosa Victoria de Augusto sobre Marco Antonio y Cleopatra en la batalla de Actium, que indirectamente termina con la trágica muerte de estos dos últimos.

Anv: AVGVSTVS DIVI F - Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: IMP / XII - ACT en exergo - Apolo Citharoedus de Actium, de pié de frente viendo a izq., vistiendo larga vestimenta y portando Plectrum/Plectro (Pequeña púa hecha de diferentes materiales que se usa para tocar instrumentos de cuerda, como un reemplazo o ayuda de los dedos) en mano der. y Lira en izq.

Acuñada: Entre el 11 y 10 A.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Lyon
Rareza: R2

Referencias: RIC I 180 Pag.53; Lyon #37; RSC I #165 Pag.142; BMCRE #478-9 = BMCRR Gaul #194-5; BN #1418-9; SRCTV I #1611var Pag.319
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AS Augusto RIC 379~0.jpg
01-14 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)91 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 mm 9.0 gr.
Legado Monetario C GALLIUS LUPERCUS

Anv: "[CAE]SAR AVGVSTVS TRI
BV[NIC POTEST]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "C·GAL[LIVS C F LVPERCVS III V]IR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 16 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #379 Pag.70 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1679 Pag.330 - BMCRE #174 (=BMCRR #4510) - Cohen Vol.1 #436 Pag.124 - DVM #99a Pag.71 - CBN #428
mdelvalle
RIC_379_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-14 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)27 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 mm 9.0 gr.
Legado Monetario C GALLIUS LUPERCUS

Anv: "[CAE]SAR AVGVSTVS TRI
BV[NIC POTEST]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "C·GAL[LIVS C F LVPERCVS III V]IR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 16 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #379 Pag.70 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1679 Pag.330 - BMCRE #174 (=BMCRR #4510) - Cohen Vol.1 #436 Pag.124 - DVM #99a Pag.71 - CBN #428
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AS Augusto RIC 386.jpg
01-15 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)56 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 25 mm 8.4 gr.
Legado Monetario L SURDINUS

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[L] SVRDINVS [III VIR A A A F F]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 15 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #386 Pag.70 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1683 Pag.331 - BMCRE #144 (=BMCRR #4631) - Cohen Vol.1 #473 Pag.131 - DVM #99 var Pag.71 - CBN #483
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RIC_386_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-15 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)27 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 25 mm 8.4 gr.
Legado Monetario L SURDINUS

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[L] SVRDINVS [III VIR A A A F F]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 15 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #386 Pag.70 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1683 Pag.331 - BMCRE #144 (=BMCRR #4631) - Cohen Vol.1 #473 Pag.131 - DVM #99 var Pag.71 - CBN #483
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AS Augusto RIC 379.jpg
01-17 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)58 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 x 29 mm 9.9 gr.
Legado Monetario C PLOTIUS RUFUS

Anv: "[CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "C·PLOT[IVS·RVFVS·III VIR A·A·]A·F·F·" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 15 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #389 Pag.71 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1680 Pag.330 - BMCRE #153 (=BMCRR #4639) - Cohen Vol.1 #504 Pag.137 - DVM #99d Pag.71 - CBN #503/12
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RIC_389_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-17 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)23 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 x 29 mm 9.9 gr.
Legado Monetario C PLOTIUS RUFUS

Anv: "[CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "C·PLOT[IVS·RVFVS·III VIR A·A·]A·F·F·" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 15 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #389 Pag.71 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1680 Pag.330 - BMCRE #153 (=BMCRR #4639) - Cohen Vol.1 #504 Pag.137 - DVM #99d Pag.71 - CBN #503/12
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AS Augusto RIC 427.jpg
01-23 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)59 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 24 mm 8.3 gr.
Legado Monetario PLURIUS AGRIPPA

Anv: "[CA]ESAR AVGVS[T PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PLVRIVS AGRIPPA [III VIR A A A F F]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #427 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1686 Pag.331 - BMCRE #209 - Cohen Vol.1 #445 Pag.126 - DVM #100a Pag.71 - CBN #623
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RIC_427_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-23 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)19 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 24 mm 8.3 gr.
Legado Monetario PLURIUS AGRIPPA

Anv: "[CA]ESAR AVGVS[T PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PLVRIVS AGRIPPA [III VIR A A A F F]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #427 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1686 Pag.331 - BMCRE #209 - Cohen Vol.1 #445 Pag.126 - DVM #100a Pag.71 - CBN #623
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AS Augusto RIC 431.jpg
01-24 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)74 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 28 mm 11.7 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVST[PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTH[O III VI]R A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #431 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 Pag.331 - BMCRE #226 (=BMCRR #4693) - Cohen Vol.1 #515 Pag.139 - DVM #100b Pag.71 - CBN #687
mdelvalle
RIC_431_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-24 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)22 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 28 mm 11.7 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVST[PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTH[O III VI]R A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #431 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 Pag.331 - BMCRE #226 (=BMCRR #4693) - Cohen Vol.1 #515 Pag.139 - DVM #100b Pag.71 - CBN #687
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AS Augusto RIC 431_1.jpg
01-25 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)62 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 25 mm 7.3 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVST [PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTH[O III VI]R A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #431 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 Pag.331 - BMCRE #226 (=BMCRR #4693) - Cohen Vol.1 #515 Pag.139 - DVM #100b Pag.71 - CBN #687
mdelvalle
RIC_431_AS_Octavio_Augusto_1.jpg
01-25 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)22 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 25 mm 7.3 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVST [PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTH[O III VI]R A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #431 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 Pag.331 - BMCRE #226 (=BMCRR #4693) - Cohen Vol.1 #515 Pag.139 - DVM #100b Pag.71 - CBN #687
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AS Augusto RIC 432.jpg
01-26 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)107 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 mm 9.6 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "[CAE]SAR AVGVST PONT [MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "M SALVI[VS OT]HO III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #432 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 var Pag.331 - Cohen Vol.1 #516 Pag.139 - DVM #100b var Pag.71 - CBN #708
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RIC_432_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-26 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)25 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 mm 9.6 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "[CAE]SAR AVGVST PONT [MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "M SALVI[VS OT]HO III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #432 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 var Pag.331 - Cohen Vol.1 #516 Pag.139 - DVM #100b var Pag.71 - CBN #708
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AS Augusto RIC 439.jpg
01-28 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.) 65 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 23 mm 7.9 gr.
Legado Monetario SEX NONIUS QUINCTILIAN

Anv: "CAESAR AVG[VST PONT MAX TRI]BVNIC POT" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[SEX N]ONIVS QVINC[TIL]IAN III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 6 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #439 Pag.76 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1687 Pag.331 - BMCRE #237 (=BMCRR #4667) - Cohen Vol.1 #474 Pag.76 - CBN #725
mdelvalle
RIC_439_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-28 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.) 24 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 23 mm 7.9 gr.
Legado Monetario SEX NONIUS QUINCTILIAN

Anv: "CAESAR AVG[VST PONT MAX TRI]BVNIC POT" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[SEX N]ONIVS QVINC[TIL]IAN III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 6 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #439 Pag.76 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1687 Pag.331 - BMCRE #237 (=BMCRR #4667) - Cohen Vol.1 #474 Pag.76 - CBN #725
mdelvalle
Cuadrante AUGUSTO RIC 420.jpg
01-38 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)59 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 17 mm 2.7 gr.
Legados Monetarios LAMIA, SILIUS y ANNIUS.

Anv: "LAMIA SILIVS ANNIVS" - Dos manos tomadas (Apretón de manos) que rodeán un Caduceo.
Rev: "III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 9 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #420 var Pag.74 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1693 Pag.332/3 - Cohen Vol.1 #338 Pag.108 - BMCRE #200 (=BMCRR #4617) - CBN #568
mdelvalle
RIC_I_420v_Cuadrante_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-38 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)16 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 17 mm 2.7 gr.
Legados Monetarios LAMIA, SILIUS y ANNIUS.

Anv: "LAMIA SILIVS ANNIVS" - Dos manos tomadas (Apretón de manos) que rodeán un Caduceo.
Rev: "III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 9 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #420 var Pag.74 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1693 Pag.332/3 - Cohen Vol.1 #338 Pag.108 - BMCRE #200 (=BMCRR #4617) - CBN #568
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Cuadrante AUGUSTO RIC 443var.jpg
01-40 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)76 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 18 mm 2.7 gr.
4 Legados Monetarios fueron designados cada año en 5 y 4 A.C., aunque curiosamente continuaron labrándose “triunviro III VIR”. Las cuñaciones en 5 A.C. (Legados APRONIUS, GALUS, MESSALLA y SISENNA) son desconcertantemente complejas, exhibiendo una multiplicidad de combinaciones de los cuatro nombres en anverso y reverso.

Anv: "MESSALLA SISENNA III VIR" - Leyenda alrededor de un yunque o altar.
Rev: "GALVS APRONIVS A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Las leyendas NO coinciden con las listadas en toda la Bibliografía que poseo, solo en RIC Vol.1 Nota de pié de página 77 menciona que CBN #777/8 lista 2 "imitaciones" con la leyenda coincidente con esta moneda, al no lucir como imitaciones RIC las atribuye a simples confusiones de los acuñadores al permutar las leyendas
Acuñada 5 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #447 var Pag.77 - CBN #777/8 (Como Imitaciones) - Sear RCTV #1699-1702 var Pag.333/4 - Cohen Vol.1 #420/25 var Pag.122 - DVM #110 var Pag.71 - BMCRE #258n
mdelvalle
RIC_I_447_Cuadrante_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-40 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)24 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 18 mm 2.7 gr.
4 Legados Monetarios fueron designados cada año en 5 y 4 A.C., aunque curiosamente continuaron labrándose “triunviro III VIR”. Las cuñaciones en 5 A.C. (Legados APRONIUS, GALUS, MESSALLA y SISENNA) son desconcertantemente complejas, exhibiendo una multiplicidad de combinaciones de los cuatro nombres en anverso y reverso.

Anv: "MESSALLA SISENNA III VIR" - Leyenda alrededor de un yunque o altar.
Rev: "GALVS APRONIVS A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Las leyendas NO coinciden con las listadas en toda la Bibliografía que poseo, solo en RIC Vol.1 Nota de pié de página 77 menciona que CBN #777/8 lista 2 "imitaciones" con la leyenda coincidente con esta moneda, al no lucir como imitaciones RIC las atribuye a simples confusiones de los acuñadores al permutar las leyendas

Acuñada 5 A.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #447 var Pag.77 - CBN #777/8 (Como Imitaciones) - Sear RCTV #1699-1702 var Pag.333/4 - Cohen Vol.1 #420/25 var Pag.122 - DVM #110 var Pag.71 - BMCRE #258n
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RPC_I_2364_Plautius_Silvanus_y_Augusto_MYSIA_PERGAMON.jpg
01-75 - Pergamo - Misia - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)13 viewsAE19 19 mm 5.7 gr.
M. Plautius Silvanus procónsul y Magistrado de Demophon.

Anv: "ΣΙΛΒΑΝΟΝ ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗΝΟΙ" - el Proconsul M. Plautius Silvanus vistiendo toga estante de frente, portando pátera y siendo coronado por una figura masculina vestida con coraza.
Rev: "ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΝ ΔΗΜΟΦΩΝ" - Templo con cuatro columnas con una estatua de Augusto.

Acuñada 04 - 06 D.C.
Ceca: Pergamo - Misia

Referencias: RPC I #2364 Pag.403 - SNG BN Paris #2016 - Voegtli, FvP #337 Pag.30 - BMC #242-5 Pag.139
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new_titus_combined.jpg
011 Titus AR Denarius32 viewsTitus. AR Denarius as Caesar, AD 69-79. Rome, under Vespasian, Struck AD 77/8.
(19.04 mm, 3.25 g),
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS, laureate head of Titus right.
Rev: COS VI, prow of galley right, sides ornameted with intricate cross-hatch and maeander patterns; above, star with sixteen rays. RIC 950 (R); BN 202; BMC 226; RSC 68.
Ex: Incitatus Coins




Titus was very much involved in the suppression of the Jewish revolt in Judea. His other claim to fame was that he completed the construction of the Flavian Amphitheater after the death of his father Vespasian.

Titus had something else in common with his father. Like his father, Titus used coin types that were throwbacks to earlier times. One such example is the coin below. On the reverse you will see a ship's prow and a star overhead. This image hearkens back to the Imperatorial period on coins of Marcus Antonius and Ahenobarbus. However, it goes back even further to the republic when it was used on many bronze coins. On the issue of these coins copying earlier designs, a friend who is also an expert in Flavian coinage has this to say:

"I believe that many of these antiquarian reverse types of Vespasian and Titus were struck because the mint was recycling the finer republican and early imperial denarii. The older denarii were struck at nearly 100% silver fineness, the Flavian denarii at 80% fineness. Thus the mint was able to turn over a tidy profit."

This was not an easy coin to find. I had been looking for unusual reverse of Titus and this one popped up at an opportune time. This coin was minted when Titus was Caesar, or next in line to be emperor.
1 commentsorfew
Nero_AE-AS_IMP-NERO-CAESAR-AVG-P-MAX-TR-P-P-P_S-C_RIC-xx_BMC-xx_C-xx_Rome-40-41-AD_Q-001_h_29-30mm_8,19g-s.jpg
014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0544, Lugdunum, AE-As, S-C, Victory flying left,84 views014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0544, Lugdunum, AE-As, S-C, Victory flying left,
avers: IMP-NERO-CAESAR-AVG-P-MAX-TR-P-P-P, Bare head left, globe at point of bust.
revers: Victory flying left, holding shield inscribed SPQR. S C across fields.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 29-30mm, weight: 8,19g, axis: h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 66A.D., ref: RIC-544, BMC 388, C 303, CBN 171.
Q-001
quadrans
IMG_8168~0.JPG
016. Germanicus, son of Drusus, adopted by Tiberius (15 B.C.–19 A.D.) 19 viewsAv.: GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N
Rv.: C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG PM TR P III PP / S-C

AE As Ø27 / 11.6g
RIC 43 Rome, BMC 60, BN 106
Juancho
Titus_AR-Denar_IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M_TRP-VIIII-IMP-XIIII-COS-VII-P-P_RIC-new-25_RIC-II-_C-280_Rome_79-AD__Q-001_5h_18-18,5mm_2,90g-s.jpg
022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0025, RIC II(1962) 0012, AR-Denarius, Roma, TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P, Quadriga left, #1632 views022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0025, RIC II(1962) 0012, AR-Denarius, Roma, TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P, Quadriga left, #1
avers: IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M, Laureate head right.
revers: TR-P-VIIII-IMP-XIIII-COS-VII-P-P, Quadriga left with corn ears in car.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 2,90g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 79 A.D., ref: RIC 0025, RIC II(1962) 0012 p-117, RSC-278, BMC 18, BN 15, C 277,
Q-001
7 commentsquadrans
quadrans-Q-002_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0236, RIC II(1962) 0427, AE-Quadrans, Rome, S C within laurel wreath, #166 views024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0236, RIC II(1962) 0427, AE-Quadrans, Rome, S C within laurel wreath, #1
avers:- IMP DOMIT AVG GERM, helmeted and draped bust of Minerva right.
revers:- S C within laurel wreath.
diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,95, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 84-85 A.D., ref: RIC 0236, RIC II(1962) 0427 p-207, BMCRE 484, CBN 520,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_I_58_AS_Agripa.jpg
03-01 - AGRIPA (27 - 12 A.C.)15 viewsAE AS 28 mm 8.3 gr.
(Emisión Póstuma realizada por Gaius (Calígula), Tiberio es también responsable por esta extensa emisión)

Anv: "M AGRIPPA · L · F · COS · III" - Busto con Corona Rostral viendo a izquierda.
"Corona Rostral" de oro (corona de laureles adornada con proas y popas de barcos, que se concedía por haber capturado una nave enemiga o bien por un gran acto de valor en combate naval)
Rev: "S C " - Neptuno de pié a izquierda, portando delfín en mano derecha y tridente en izquierda.

Acuñada 37 - 41 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #58 Pag.112 (Gaius) - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1812 Pag.358 - BMCRE (Tiberius) #161 - Cohen Vol.1 #3 Pag.175/6 - DVM #4 Pag.74 - CBN #77
mdelvalle
AS Agrippa RIC 58.jpg
03-01 - AGRIPPA (27 - 12 A.C.)85 viewsAE AS (Emisión Póstuma realizada por Gaius (Calígula), Tiberio es también responsable por esta extensa emisión) 28 mm 8.3 gr.

Anv: "M AGRIPPA · L · F · COS · III" - Busto con Corona Rostral viendo a izquierda.
"Corona Rostral" de oro (corona de laureles adornada con proas y popas de barcos, que se concedía por haber capturado una nave enemiga o bien por un gran acto de valor en combate naval)
Rev: "S C " - Neptuno de pié a izquierda, portando delfín en mano derecha y tridente en izquierda.

Acuñada 37 - 41 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #58 Pag.112 (Gaius) - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1812 Pag.358 - BMCRE (Tiberius) #161 - Cohen Vol.1 #3 Pag.175/6 - DVM #4 Pag.74 - CBN #77
mdelvalle
RIC_26_Denario_Tiberio.jpg
04-01- TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)33 viewsAR Denario 20 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas sin ornamentos apoyadas en una plataforma (doble-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #26 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8 Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16 Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
RIC_26_Denario_Tiberio_1.jpg
04-02 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)24 viewsAR Denario 19x18 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas sin ornamentos apoyadas en una plataforma (doble-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #26 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8 Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16 Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
AS TIBERIO RIC 464.jpg
04-03 - TIBERIO Como Cesar de Augusto (4 - 14 D.C.)67 viewsAE AS 29 mm 9.0 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR AVGVST F IMP[ERAT V]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIFEX TRIB[VN] POTESTATE X[II]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 8 - 10 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 (Augustus) #469 Pag.78 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1755 var. Pag.345 - BMCRE (Augustus) #271 - Cohen Vol.1 #27 Pag.192 - DVM #3 Pag.75 - CBN (Augustus) #878
mdelvalle
AS TIBERIO RIC 464_1.jpg
04-04 - TIBERIO Como Cesar de Augusto (4 - 14 D.C.)66 viewsAE AS 29 x 28 mm 9.3 gr.

Anv: "[TI C]AESAR AVGV[ST F IMPERAT V]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[PONTIFEX·TRIB]VN·POTESTATE·X[II]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 8 - 10 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 (Augustus) #469 Pag.78 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1755 var. Pag.345 - BMCRE (Augustus) #271 - Cohen Vol.1 #27 Pag.192 - DVM #3 Pag.75 - CBN (Augustus) #878
mdelvalle
RIC_28_Denario_Forrado_Tiberio.jpg
04-05 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)25 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA,
Denario Forrado 18.5 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas directamente en el piso, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.
Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #28 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #45 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8b Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16b Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
RIC_28_Denario_Tiberio.jpg
04-06 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)26 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas en una plataforma (triple-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #28 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #45 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8b Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16b Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
Denario_Tiberius_RIC_30_2_Fourree.jpg
04-09 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)45 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA,
Denario Forrado 19x18 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas directamente en el piso, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.
Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.
Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #30 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol. I #42 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8a Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16b Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
RIC_30_Denario_Forrado_Tiberio.jpg
04-09 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)20 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA,
Denario Forrado 19x18 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas directamente en el piso, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.
Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.
Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #30 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol. I #42 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8a Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16b Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
Denario Tiberio RIC 26.jpg
04-10 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)108 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas sin ornamentos, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Acuñada 14 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #26 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8 Pag.75 - CBN #5 - RSC Vol. II #16 Pag.1
1 commentsmdelvalle
Denario_Tiberio_RIC_26_anterior.jpg
04-10 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)69 viewsAnv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas sin ornamentos apoyadas en una plataforma (doble-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #26 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8 Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16 Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
Denario_Tiberio_RIC_26_1.jpg
04-11 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)70 viewsAR Denario 19x18 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas sin ornamentos apoyadas en una plataforma (doble-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #26 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8 Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16 Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
Denario_Tiberio_RIC_29_2.jpg
04-12 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)85 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas en una plataforma (triple-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #28 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #45 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8b Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16b Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
RIC_30_Denario_Tiberio.jpg
04-12 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)20 viewsAR Denario 18x16 mm 3.6 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas directamente en el piso, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda, Livia descansa sus pies sobre una pequeña plataforma.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #30 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #48 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8c Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16a Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
Denario_Tiberio_RIC_30_1.jpg
04-14 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)88 viewsAR Denario 18x16 mm 3.6 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas ornamentadas apoyadas directamente en el piso, portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda, Livia descansa sus pies sobre una pequeña plataforma.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #30 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #48 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8c Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16a Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
1 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_469_AS_Tiberio.jpg
04-15 - TIBERIO Como Cesar de Augusto (4 - 14 D.C.)16 viewsAE AS 29 mm 9.0 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR AVGVST F IMP[ERAT V]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIFEX TRIB[VN] POTESTATE X[II]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 8 - 10 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.I (Augustus) #469 Pag.78 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1755 var. Pag.345 - BMCRE (Augustus) #271 - Cohen Vol.1 #27 Pag.192 - DVM #3 Pag.75 - CBN (Augustus) #878
mdelvalle
RIC_469_AS_Tiberio_1.jpg
04-16 - TIBERIO Como Cesar de Augusto (4 - 14 D.C.)17 viewsAE AS 29 x 28 mm 9.3 gr.

Anv: "[TI C]AESAR AVGV[ST F IMPERAT V]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[PONTIFEX·TRIB]VN·POTESTATE·X[II]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 8 - 10 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.I (Augustus) #469 Pag.78 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1755 var. Pag.345 - BMCRE (Augustus) #271 - Cohen Vol.1 #27 Pag.192 - DVM #3 Pag.75 - CBN (Augustus) #878
mdelvalle
AS TIBERIO RIC 211.jpg
04-20 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)60 viewsAE AS 27 mm 8.9 gr.
Emisión póstuma restituida por Tito

Anv: "[TI CAES]AR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "IMP T CAES DIVI VESP AVG REST" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 80 - 81 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 (Tito) #211 Pag.143 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 (Tito) #2591 Pag.331 - BMCRE #284 - Cohen Vol.1 (Tiberio) #73 Pag.196 - DVM #20 Pag.77 - CBN #293
mdelvalle
RIC_33_AS_Tiberio.jpg
04-20 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)15 viewsAE AS 27 mm 9.0 gr.

Anv: "CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS IMP VII" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XVII" - Livia ? sedente en trono a derecha, portando Cetro largo vertical en mano izq. y Patera en su mano der. extendida. "S C " en los campos.

Acuñada 15-16 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R3

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #33 Pag.96 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1769 var. (Busto) Pag.348 - BMCRE #65 Pag.128 - Cohen Vol.1 (Tiberio) #17 Pag.191 - DVM #15 var. (Busto) Pag.76 - CBN II #39 Pag.44
mdelvalle
RIC_211_AS_Tiberio.jpg
04-30 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)15 viewsAE AS 27 mm 8.9 gr.
Emisión póstuma restituida por Tito

Anv: "[TI CAES]AR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "IMP T CAES DIVI VESP AVG REST" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 80 - 81 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II (Tito) #211 Pag.143 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 (Tito) #2591 Pag.331 - BMCRE #284 - Cohen Vol.1 (Tiberio) #73 Pag.196 - DVM #20 Pag.77 - CBN #293
mdelvalle
IMG_9074.JPG
041. Titus (79-81 A.D.)27 viewsAv.: IMP T CAES VESP AVG P M TR P COS VIII
Rv.: SPES / S - C

Ae As Ø26-28 / 10.1g
RIC II 237 Rome, CBN 220
Juancho
Pisidia,_Antioch,_049p_Septimius_Severus_(193-211_A_D_),_AE-22___Imitatio,_Q-001,_0h,_22,0mm,_5,25g-s~0.jpg
049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Pisidia, Antioch, SNG BN 1117-8, AE-22, ANTIOCH MENCIS CO, Mên wearing a long robe and Phrygian cap,61 views049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Pisidia, Antioch, SNG BN 1117-8, AE-22, ANTIOCH MENCIS CO, Mên wearing a long robe and Phrygian cap,
avers: IMP CAES SEP SEV PER A, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left.
reverse: ANTIOCH MENCIS CO, Mên (Lunus), wearing a long robe and Phrygian cap, crescent on the left shoulder, standing slightly right, left foot resting on bucranium, holding Nike with the trophy in left hand and spear in right, rooster at foot left.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 5,25g, axis: 0h,
mint: Pisidia, Antioch, date: 193-211 A.D., ref: SNG BN 1117-8, Krzyźanowska obv. die XIX.
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
RIC_45_AS_Druso_Cesar.jpg
05 - 10 - DRUSO (20 - 23 D.C.)15 viewsAE AS 28.65 mm 10.05 gr.
Emisión póstuma restituida por su padre Tiberio

Anv: "DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 23 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.I (Tiberio) #45 Pag.97 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1794 Pag.354 - BMCRE (Tiberius) #99 - Cohen Vol.1 #2 Pag.217 - CBN (Tiberius) #78
mdelvalle
AS_Caligula_VESTA_RIC_38.jpg
06-01 - GAIUS (CALIGULA 37 - 41 D.C.)114 viewsAE AS 26,25 mm 9,20 gr.

Anv: "C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "VESTA" en campo superior - Vesta sentada en un trono ornamentado a izquierda, portando pátera en mano der. y largo cetro oblicuo en izq. "S C " en los campos.

Acuñada ca. 37 D.C.
Ceca: Roma.

Referencias: RIC Vol.I #38 Pag.111 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #1803 Pag.356 - BMCRE #46 - Cohen Vol.I #27 Pag.240 - DVM #9 Pag.80 - CBN #54
3 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_38_AS_Caligula.jpg
06-10 - GAIUS (CALIGULA 37 - 41 D.C.)19 viewsAE AS 26,25 mm 9,20 gr.

Anv: "C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "VESTA" en campo superior - Vesta sentada en un trono ornamentado a izquierda, portando pátera en mano der. y largo cetro oblicuo en izq. "S C " en los campos.

Acuñada ca. 37 D.C.
Ceca: Roma.

Referencias: RIC Vol.I #38 Pag.111 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #1803 Pag.356 - BMCRE #46 - Cohen Vol.I #27 Pag.240 - DVM #9 Pag.80 - CBN #54
mdelvalle
RIC_38_AS_Caligula_1.jpg
06-11 - GAIUS (CALIGULA 37 - 41 D.C.)14 viewsAE AS 28.0 mm 9,20 gr.

Anv: "C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "VESTA" en campo superior - Vesta sentada en un trono ornamentado a izquierda, portando pátera en mano der. y largo cetro oblicuo en izq. "S C " en los campos.

Acuñada ca. 37 D.C.
Ceca: Roma.

Referencias: RIC Vol.I #38 Pag.111 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #1803 Pag.356 - BMCRE #46 - Cohen Vol.I #27 Pag.240 - DVM #9 Pag.80 - CBN #54
mdelvalle
LarryW1920.jpg
0631 Focas, 602-61024 viewsGold semissis, 20.03mm, 2.11g, EF
d N FOCAS PER AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VICTORIA AVGU, Victory advancing right, head left, holding wreath and globus cruciger; CONOB in exg.
Scarce, some double-striking
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Sear 631; DO 16; MIB 25; Wroth/BMC 28-9; Tolstoi 29-31; Ratto 1205; CBN 32-4
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW1919.jpg
0634 Focas, 602-61044 viewsGold tremissis, 18.18mm, 1.52g, EF
Struck c. 607-610 at Constantinople
dN FOCAS PER AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VICTORI FOCAS AVG, cross potent, CONOB beneath
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Sear 634; DO 19; MIB 27; Wroth/BMC 30-32; Ratto 1206; CBN 40-43
Lawrence Woolslayer
RI_064bn_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 38623 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVN R-EDVC, Fortuna (Pax?) seated left holding branch and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194-195
References:– RIC 386 (Common), RSC 177
Die axis 180 degrees. Weight 3.23g
maridvnvm
RI_065bn_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC -19 viewsObv:– IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right
Rev:– VENVS FELIX, Venus standing left, holding apple in right hand, raising robe with left hand
Minted in Alexandria A.D. 197
Reference:– BMCRE -. Bickford-Smith pl. 1, 10. RIC IV -. cf RIC 580 (Rome).

The most common Alexandrian type from this issue for Domna.
maridvnvm
AS GERMANICO RIC 35.jpg
07-01 GERMANICO (4 - 19 D.C.)62 viewsAE AS 26 mm 10.0 gr.
Emisión póstuma realizada por su hijo Caligula

Anv: "GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVGVST F DIVI AVG N" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión 37 - 38 D.C.
Ceca: Roma - Off. 1ra.

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 (Gaius) #35 Pag.110 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 (Caligula) #1821 Pag.360 - BMCRE (Gaius) #49 - Cohen Vol.1 #1 Pag.224 - DVM #2 Pag.77 - CBN #73 - MIR #20 - RC #600
mdelvalle
RIC_35_AS_Germanico.jpg
07-01 GERMANICO (4 - 19 D.C.)12 viewsAE AS 26 mm 10.0 gr.
Emisión póstuma realizada por su hijo Caligula

Anv: "GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVGVST F DIVI AVG N" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión 37 - 38 D.C.
Ceca: Roma - Off. 1ra.

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 (Gaius) #35 Pag.110 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 (Caligula) #1821 Pag.360 - BMCRE (Gaius) #49 - Cohen Vol.1 #1 Pag.224 - DVM #2 Pag.77 - CBN #73 - MIR #20 - RC #600
mdelvalle
AS_Germanico_1.jpg
07-03 GERMANICO (4 - 19 D.C.)73 viewsAE AS 28 mm 9.1 gr.
Emisión póstuma realizada por su hijo Caligula

Anv: "GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON P M TR P III P P" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión 39 - 40 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 (Gaius) #43var, Pag.111 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 (Caligula) #1821var, Pag.360 - BMCRE (Gaius) #60 - Cohen Vol.1 #4, Pag.224 - DVM #3 Pag.77 - CBN II #106, Pag.72
mdelvalle
RIC_43v_AS_Germanico.jpg
07-03 GERMANICO (4 - 19 D.C.)13 viewsAE AS 28 mm 9.1 gr.
Emisión póstuma realizada por su hijo Caligula

Anv: "GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON P M TR P III P P" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión 39 - 40 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 (Gaius) #43var, Pag.111 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 (Caligula) #1821var, Pag.360 - BMCRE (Gaius) #60 - Cohen Vol.1 #4, Pag.224 - DVM #3 Pag.77 - CBN II #106, Pag.72
mdelvalle
AGRIPPINA.jpg
08-01 - AGRIPPINA MADRE (14 A.C. - 33 D.C.)91 viewsAE Sestercio 35 mm 25.6 gr.
Hija de Agrippa y Julia, nieta de Augusto, mujer de Germánico y madre de Calígula. Emisión póstuma acuñada por su cuñado Claudio.

Anv: "AGRIPPINA M F GERMANICI [CAESARIS]" - Busto vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[TI CL]AVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 42 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #102 Pag.128 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1906 Pag.376 - BMCRE #219 - Cohen Vol.1 #3 Pag.231 - DVM #2 Pag.78 - CBN (Claudius) #236 - Von Kaenel #78, pl.49, 2063
1 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_102_Sestercio_Agripina_Sr_.jpg
08-01 - AGRIPPINA MADRE (14 A.C. - 33 D.C.)14 viewsAE Sestercio 35 mm 25.6 gr.
Hija de Agrippa y Julia, nieta de Augusto, mujer de Germánico y madre de Calígula. Emisión póstuma acuñada por su cuñado Claudio.

Anv: "AGRIPPINA M F GERMANICI [CAESARIS]" - Busto vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[TI CL]AVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 42 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #102 Pag.128 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1906 Pag.376 - BMCRE #219 - Cohen Vol.1 #3 Pag.231 - DVM #2 Pag.78 - CBN (Claudius) #236 - Von Kaenel #78, pl.49, 2063
mdelvalle
LarryW1922.jpg
0956 Contans II, AD 641-66850 viewsGold solidus, 19.44mm, 4.49g, nearly EF
Struck c. 651-654 at Constantinople
d N CONSTAN[TINU]S PP AV, crowned bust facing, with long beard and mustache, wearing chlamys and holding globus cruciger in right hand / VICTORIA AVGU I, cross potent on three steps; CO[NOB] beneath.
Areas of flatness in the striking
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Sear 956; DOC 19j; MIB 23; Wroth/BMC 36; Tolstoi 57; CBN 41
Lawrence Woolslayer
VHC10-coin.jpg
10- CEYLON (SRI LANKA), 1/4 CENT, KM90.18 viewsSize: 14.3 mm. Composition: Copper. Mintage: 216,000.
Grade: NGC MS63 BN (Cert.# 4080257-004).
Comments: Purchased raw on eBay. The nice colors were a pleasan surprise. Tiny but beautiful, and undervalued, in my opinion.
lordmarcovan
Denario_Claudio_I_y_Agripina_jr.jpg
10-01 - CLAUDIO (41 - 54 D.C.)71 viewsAR Denario 3.13 grs.

Anv: TI. CLAVD. CAESAR AVG. GERM. P. M. TRIB. POT. P. P.. Cabeza laureada de Claudio a derecha.
Rev: AGRIPPINAE AVGVSTAE. Busto de Agripina a derecha con corona de espigas.

Julia Vipsania Agripina , más conocida cómo Agripina la Menor para distinguirla de su madre, fue la hija mayor de Germánico y Agripina la Mayor, bisnieta por tanto de Marco Antonio y Octavia. Fue además Esposa de Ahenobarbo, hermana de Calígula, mujer y sobrina de Claudio I y madre de Nerón.

Acuñada 50 - 54 D.C.
Ceca: Roma Italia
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #81 Pag.126 (Plate.16) - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1886 Pag.371 - BMCRE Vol.1 #75 - Cohen Vol.1 (Agrippine et Claude) #4 Pag.274 - DVM #27 Pag.84 - CBN #82 - RSC Vol. II #4 Pag.11
3 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_81_Claudio_y_Agripina_Jr_.jpg
10-01 - CLAUDIO y AGRIPINA Jr. (41 - 54 D.C.)26 viewsAR Denario 20.0 mm 3.13 grs.

Anv: TI. CLAVD. CAESAR AVG. GERM. P. M. TRIB. POT. P. P.. Cabeza laureada de Claudio a derecha.
Rev: AGRIPPINAE AVGVSTAE. Busto de Agripina a derecha con corona de espigas.

Julia Vipsania Agripina , más conocida cómo Agripina la Menor para distinguirla de su madre, fue la hija mayor de Germánico y Agripina la Mayor, bisnieta por tanto de Marco Antonio y Octavia. Fue además Esposa de Ahenobarbo, hermana de Calígula, mujer y sobrina de Claudio I y madre de Nerón.

Acuñada 50 - 54 D.C.
Ceca: Roma Italia
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #81 Pag.126 (Plate.16) - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1886 Pag.371 - BMCRE Vol.1 #75 - Cohen Vol.1 (Agrippine et Claude) #4 Pag.274 - DVM #27 Pag.84 - CBN #82 - RSC Vol. II #4 Pag.11
1 commentsmdelvalle
AS_Claudio_Minerva_RIC_116.jpg
10-04 - CLAUDIO (41 - 54 D.C.)143 viewsAE AS 26,75 mm 10,7 gr.

Anv: "TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG IMP TR P P" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "S C" - Minerva (Pallas) avanzando a derecha blandiendo jabalina en mano derecha y escudo redondo en izquierda.

Acuñada ca. 42 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.I #116 Pag.130 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #1862 Pag.368 - BMCRE #206 - Cohen Vol.I #84 Pag.257 - DVM #110 Pag.114 - CBN #233
1 commentsmdelvalle
AS CLAUDIO RIC 100.jpg
10-05 - CLAUDIO (41 - 54 D.C.)83 viewsImitación antigua
AE AS 26 x 29 mm 9.8 gr.

Anv: "[TI CLAVDIVS CA]ESAR AVG P[M TR P IMP]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "S C" - Minerva (Pallas) avanzando a derecha blandiendo jabalina en mano derecha y escudo en izquierda.

Acuñada 41 - 50 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.I #100 Pag.128 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #1861 Pag.368 - BMCRE #149 - Cohen Vol.I #84 Pag.257 - DVM #110 Pag.114 - CBN #179 - RC #639
mdelvalle
RIC_84_Cuadrante_Claudio_I.jpg
10-05 - CLAUDIO (41 - 54 D.C.)16 viewsAE Cuadrante 15 mm 2.6 gr.

Anv: "PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
Rev: " TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG " - Leyenda alrededor de un modio de tres patas.
(Ambas leyendas horarias)

Acuñada 41-43 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #84 Pag.126 - CBN #190 - CBU #185 - Sear RCTV #1863 Pag.368 - Cohen Vol.1 #70 Pag.256 - DVM #19 Pag.82 - BMCRE #179 - Hunter #74
mdelvalle
Dupondio CLAUDIO RIC 97.jpg
10-06 - CLAUDIO (41 - 54 D.C.)180 viewsAE AS 31 x 28 mm 11.7 gr.

Anv: "TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP PP" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "LIBERTAS AVGVSTA - S C " - Libertas (Libertad) de pié de frente viendo a derecha, portando Pileus en mano derecha y extendiendo la izquierda.

Acuñada 42 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #113 Pag.130 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1860 Pag.368 - BMCRE #202/4 - Cohen Vol.1 #47 Pag.254 - DVM #16 Pag.82 - CBN #230 - Von Kaenel #722
4 commentsmdelvalle
Dupondio CLAUDIO RIC 94.jpg
10-10 - CLAUDIO (41 - 54 D.C.)59 viewsAE Dupondio 30 x 28 mm 10.7 gr.

Anv: "[TI CLAV]DIVS CAESAR AVG [P M TR P IM]P PP]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "CERE[S] AVGVS[TA] - S C" - Ceres sentada a izquierda sosteniendo dos espigas de maiz con mano derecha y larga antorcha cruzada sobre sus piernas y brazo izquierdo.

Acuñada 42 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #110 Pag.129 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1856 Pag.367 - BMCRE #197 - Cohen Vol.1 #1 Pag.250 - DVM #14 Pag.82 - CBN #222
mdelvalle
RIC_100_AS_Imitativo_Claudio_I.jpg
10-10 - CLAUDIO (41 - 54 D.C.)18 viewsCeca No Oficial
AE AS 26 x 29 mm 9.8 gr.

Anv: "[TI CLAVDIVS CA]ESAR AVG P[M TR P IMP]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "S C" - Minerva (Pallas) avanzando a derecha blandiendo jabalina en mano derecha y escudo en izquierda.

Acuñada 41 - 50 D.C.
Ceca: Incierta, probablemente Hispanica.

Referencias: RIC Vol.I #100 Pag.128 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #1861 Pag.368 - BMCRE #149 - Cohen Vol.I #84 Pag.257 - DVM #110 Pag.114 - CBN #179 - RC #639
mdelvalle
RIC_113_AS_Claudio_I.jpg
10-14 - CLAUDIO (41 - 54 D.C.)14 viewsAE AS 31 x 28 mm 11.7 gr.

Anv: "TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP PP" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "LIBERTAS AVGVSTA - S C " - Libertas (Libertad) de pié de frente viendo a derecha, portando Pileus en mano derecha y extendiendo la izquierda.

Acuñada 42 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #113 Pag.130 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1860 Pag.368 - BMCRE #202/4 - Cohen Vol.1 #47 Pag.254 - DVM #16 Pag.82 - CBN #230 - Von Kaenel #722
mdelvalle
RIC_116_AS_Claudio.jpg
10-16 - CLAUDIO (41 - 54 D.C.)14 viewsAE AS 26,75 mm 10,7 gr.

Anv: "TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG IMP TR P P" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "S C" - Minerva (Pallas) avanzando a derecha blandiendo jabalina en mano derecha y escudo redondo en izquierda.

Acuñada ca. 42 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.I #116 Pag.130 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #1862 Pag.368 - BMCRE #206 - Cohen Vol.I #84 Pag.257 - DVM #110 Pag.114 - CBN #233
mdelvalle
RIC_110_Dupondio_Claudio_I.jpg
10-20 - CLAUDIO (41 - 54 D.C.)14 viewsAE Dupondio 30 x 28 mm 10.7 gr.

Anv: "[TI CLAV]DIVS CAESAR AVG [P M TR P IM]P PP]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "CERE[S] AVGVS[TA] - S C" - Ceres sentada a izquierda sosteniendo dos espigas de maiz con mano derecha y larga antorcha cruzada sobre sus piernas y brazo izquierdo.

Acuñada 42 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #110 Pag.129 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1856 Pag.367 - BMCRE #197 - Cohen Vol.1 #1 Pag.250 - DVM #14 Pag.82 - CBN #222
mdelvalle
RIC_115_Sestercio_Claudio_I.jpg
10-25 - CLAUDIO (41 - 54 D.C.)17 viewsAE Sestercio 34 mm 20.8 gr.
Acuñada en conmemoración del nacimiento de Británico.

Anv: "TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP P P", Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SPES AVGVSTA - S C", Spes avanzando a izquierda, portando ramos de flores en mano derecha y sosteniendo su vestido con la izquierda.

Acuñada: 41-42 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC I #115 Pag.128 Plate 16 - BMCRE I #192 Pag.191 Plate 36 #3 - BN #165 - DVM #13 Pag.82 - Sear RCTV I #1854 Pag.367 - CBN #216 - Cohen I #85 Pag.192
mdelvalle
T-3639_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-P-AVG-(D1)_FELICITAS-SAECVLI-(Fel6)_P_RIC-138_BNC-p-369_T-3639_Siscia-iss-2-off-1_275-6-AD_Q-001_5h_21,5-22,5mm_3,90ga-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3639, RIC V-I 138var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS SAECVLI, -/-//P, Bust-D1, Felicitas standing left, #190 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3639, RIC V-I 138var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS SAECVLI, -/-//P, Bust-D1, Felicitas standing left, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-P-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers: FELICITAS-SAECVLI, Felicitas standing left, holding patera over small altar in r. hand and long-handled caduceus in l. hand, (Fe6).
exerg: -/-//P, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,90g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, issue-2., off-1., date: 275-276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-138var., T-(Estiot)-3639, BNC-p-369,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-3657,_Tacitus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_CL_TACITVS_P_AVG,_FELICITAS_SAECVLI,_V,_Ric-138var,Sis,iss2-off5,275-6,_Q-001,_h,_22mm,_g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3657, RIC V-I 138var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS SAECVLI, -/-//V, Bust-D1l.sleeve, Felicitas standing left, Rare!117 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3657, RIC V-I 138var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS SAECVLI, -/-//V, Bust-D1l.sleeve, Felicitas standing left, Rare!
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS P AVG, Bust left, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, with right sleeve raised. (D1left,sleeve).
revers: FELICITAS SAECVLI, Felicitas standing left, holding patera over small altar in right hand and long-handled caduceus in left hand, (Fe6).
exerg: -/-//V, diameter: 21,5-22,0mm, weight: 2,86g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, issue-2., off-5., date: 275-276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-138var., T-(Estiot)-3657, BNC-1744, Rare!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-3714_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-P-AVG_LAETITIA-AVG_XXI-VI_RIC-temp-3714_Siscia_276-AD_Q-001_5h_22,5mm_3,85g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3714, RIC V-I ???, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, LAETITIA AVG, -/-//XXIVI, Bust-D1, Laetitia standig left, #170 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3714, RIC V-I ???, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, LAETITIA AVG, -/-//XXIVI, Bust-D1, Laetitia standig left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-P-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. D1.
revers:- LAETITIA-AVG, Laetitia standig left, holding wreath in r. hand and anchor in l. hand. Laetitia 1.
exerg: -/-//XXIVI, diameter: 22,52mm, weight: 3,85g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, 3rd.issue, Phase 2, 6th.off., date: 276 AD., ref: RIC-??., T-(Estiot)-3714, C-, BNC 1751,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3963_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(B1)_PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR-(P2)_KA-Delta_RIC-temp-NO_Serdica-275-AD_Q_5h_21,5mm_3,86g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3963, RIC V-I 195, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEOR, -/-//KAΔ, Bust-D1, Fides and Sol, #161 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3963, RIC V-I 195, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEOR, -/-//KAΔ, Bust-D1, Fides and Sol, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers: PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR, Fides standing right, holding standard in each hand, facing Sol standing left, right hand raised and holding globe in left hand, (Fi-So1).
exerg: -/-//KAΔ, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 3,86g, axes: 5h,
mint: Serdica, issue-3., off-4., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-195., T-(Estiot)-3963, C-, BNC 1790,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4033_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D2)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP-(ME1)_T_RIC-temp-4033_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-001_1h_21,5mm_3,84g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4033, RIC V-I ???, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//T, Bust-D2, Mars and Emperor, #168 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4033, RIC V-I ???, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//T, Bust-D2, Mars and Emperor, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from the rear. (D2).
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Mars in military dress stg. r., holding the spear in l. hand, giving globe to Emperor stg. l., holding long sceptre in l. hand. (Mars and Emperor 1).
exergue: -/-//T, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,65g, axes: 1h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd.issue, 3rd.off., date: 276 AD., ref: RIC-??., T-(Estiot)-4033, C-, BNC p.426,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4083_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP-(Mars-4)_H_RIC-temp-4083_Antioch_iss-2_off-8_275-AD_Q-001_6h_22,5-24,0mm_3,63g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4083, RIC V-I ???, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//H, Bust-D1, Mars in military dress standing left, Rare!114 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4083, RIC V-I ???, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//H, Bust-D1, Mars in military dress standing left, Rare !
avers:- IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
reverse:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Mars in military dress standing (or walking) left, holding olive branch in right hand, spear and shield which rests on ground in left hand. (Mars-4).
exergue: -/-//H, diameter: 22,5-24,0mm, weight: 3,63g, axes: 6h,
mint: Antioch, iss-2, off-8, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-???, T-(Estiot)-4083, BNC-1815, Rare !, 3rd known example !
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_92_Dupondio_Antonia.jpg
12-01 - ANTONIA (36 A.C. - 37 D.C.)22 viewsAE Dupondio 27 mm 10.2 gr. (IMITACIÓN PROVINCIAL)
Hija de Marco Antonio y Octavia, nieta de Augusto, esposa de Nero Claudius Drusus y madre de Germánico y Claudio. Emisión póstuma acuñada por su hijo Claudio

Anv: "ANTONIA [AVG]VSTA" - Busto vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: "TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM [TR P] IMP - S C" - Claudio de pié a izquierda, vistiendo toga y velo, portando Simpulum en mano derecha extendida y pergamino enrollado en izquierda.

Acuñada 41 - 42 D.C.
Ceca: Inicialmente acreditada por mí a Roma, pero finalmente corregida esta acreditación por el Sr. Curtis Clay como una imitación Provincial.

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #92 Pag.127 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 (Claudius) #1902 Pag.375 - BMCRE #166 - Cohen Vol.1 #6 Pag.223 - DVM #3 Pag.77 - CBN (Claudius) #143 - Von Kaenel Tipo 15 #292 (V216/R262)
mdelvalle
Dupondio ANTONIA RIC 92.jpg
12-1 - ANTONIA (36 A.C. - 37 D.C.)70 viewsAE Dupondio 27 mm 10.2 gr. (IMITACIÓN PROVINCIAL)
Hija de Marco Antonio y Octavia, nieta de Augusto, esposa de Nero Claudius Drusus y madre de Germánico y Claudio. Emisión póstuma acuñada por su hijo Claudio

Anv: "ANTONIA [AVG]VSTA" - Busto vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: "TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM [TR P] IMP - S C" - Claudio de pié a izquierda, vistiendo toga y velo, portando Simpulum en mano derecha extendida y pergamino enrollado en izquierda.

Acuñada 41 - 42 D.C.
Ceca: Inicialmente acreditada por mí a Roma, pero finalmente corregida esta acreditación por el Sr. Curtis Clay como una imitación Provincial.

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #92 Pag.127 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 (Claudius) #1902 Pag.375 - BMCRE #166 - Cohen Vol.1 #6 Pag.223 - DVM #3 Pag.77 - CBN (Claudius) #143 - Von Kaenel Tipo 15 #292 (V216/R262)
mdelvalle
RI_130bn_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus - RIC -.6 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Mars standing facing, turned right, spear (tip up) in left hand, presenting globe in right hand to emperor standing facing, turned left, scepter in hand.
Minted in Cyzicus (//S). Issue 3, Officina 2. January – June A.D. 276
Reference(s) – Cohen -. LV 2414-2416 (3 examples). RIC -. RIC MIR temp 4028 (13 examples cited)

Weight 4.02g. 23.03mm. 0 degrees
maridvnvm
RI_132bn_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 075 - Bust Type F (Lugdunum) (II)10 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FELICIT TEMP, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and sceptre
Mint – Lugdunum (II in exe) Emission 8, Officina 2. Autumn – End 281 A.D.
Reference:– Cohen 210, Bastien 348. RIC 75 Bust type F

Weight 3.55g. 22.67mm. 180 degrees
maridvnvm
Denario_Neron_RIC_68_1.jpg
14 - 15 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)80 viewsAR Denario 18,6 mm 3,32 g.

Anv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P P - Cabeza laureada a derecha.
Rev: ANEPÍGRAFA - Águila legionaria entre dos estandartes.

Esta emisión se realiza para conmemorar una invasión planeada del Cáucaso que se anticipó por la muerte de Neron. Para encabezar la invasión, Neron creó una nueva legión, "La Legión de Alejandro el Grande", estaba compuesta de reclutas italianos que midieran más de 1,80 mts. de alto.

Acuñada: 67 - 68 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R2

Referencias: RIC I #68 pag.154 - Cohen I #356 - BMCRE I #107 - CBN #238 - DVN #4 Pag.84 - RSC II #356
1 commentsmdelvalle
AS NERON RIC 312.jpg
14-02 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)80 viewsAE AS 27 x 25 mm 8.9 gr.

Anv: "NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "S C" - Victoria volando a izquierda, portando un escudo ovalado con las letras "SP/QR" inscriptas en el.

Acuñada 65 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #312 Pag.169 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1976 Pag.391 - BMCRE #241 - Cohen Vol.1 #288 Pag.298 - DVM #32a Pag.87 - CBN #399 - Mac Dowall WCN #285/90
mdelvalle
AS NERON RIC 306_1.jpg
14-04 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)111 viewsAE AS 27 x 25 mm 11.2 gr.

Anv: "NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PACE P.R. VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVS[IT] - S C" – Templo de los gemelos Jano (Ianus Geminus) mostrando sus puertas dobles cerradas a la derecha y en la pared lateral izquierda una larga ventana enrejada .

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión 65 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #306 Pag.168 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1974 Pag.390 - BMCRE #227 - Cohen Vol.1 #171 Pag.290 - DVM #30 Pag.87 - CBN #400 - Mac Dowall WCN #288
mdelvalle
RIC_68_Denario_Neron.jpg
14-05 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)22 viewsAR Denario 18,6 mm 3,32 g.

Anv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P P - Cabeza laureada a derecha.
Rev: ANEPÍGRAFA - Águila legionaria entre dos estandartes.

Esta emisión se realiza para conmemorar una invasión planeada del Cáucaso que se anticipó por la muerte de Neron. Para encabezar la invasión, Neron creó una nueva legión, "La Legión de Alejandro el Grande", estaba compuesta de reclutas italianos que midieran más de 1,80 mts. de alto.

Acuñada: 67 - 68 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R2

Referencias: RIC I #68 pag.154 - Cohen I #356 Pag.303 - BMCRE I #107 - CBN #238 - DVN #4 Pag.84 - RSC II #356 Pag.16 - Sear RCTV I #1947 Pag.384
mdelvalle
RIC_69_Denario_Neron.jpg
14-06 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.) 23 viewsAR Denario 18.6 mm 3,07 gr.

Anv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P P - Cabeza laureada a derecha.
Rev: IVPPITER CVSTOS - Júpiter sentado hacia la izq., portando trueno en mano derecha y largo cetro vertical en der..

Esta emisión se realiza para agradecerle a Júpiter El Guardian (CVSTOS), el haber actuado para salvarlo de la famosa Conspiración Pisoniana , según Nerón únicamente la intervención divina de Éste pudo evitar su muerte, nombrándolo de aquí en adelante como protector del Imperio Romano.
La Conspiración Pisoniana: Luego del incendio del centro de Roma acaecido en el 64 D.C., recordemos la imagen de Nerón tocando la lira mientras se quemaba Roma, Nerón comienza la construcción en el sector quemado del Domus Aurea o Casa Dorada, nombre recibido por los azulejos dorados en su fachada; Este y otros excesos del Emperador hacen que se forme una conspiración para derrocarlo y colocar en su lugar a Gaius Calpurnius Piso / Cayo Calpurnio Pisón, político perteneciente a una noble familia romana, contando con el apoyo de senadores y personajes cercanos al Emperador como Petronio, Lucano, Séneca, y Faenio Rufo, comandante de la Guardia Pretoriana. Cuando la conspiración fue descubierta Cayo Calpurnio Pisón optó por quitarse la vida. Esta Conspiración había sido preparada para el 19 de abril de 65 d. C., en el templo del dios Sol (vecino al Circo Máximo). El arma homicida había sido escondida en el templo de Ceres y el autor era un hombre de la clase de los senadores llamado Escevino, la conspiración fracasa cuando un esclavo de este último le cuenta al Emperador de las intenciones de su amo.

Acuñada: 67 - 68 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC I # 69 Pag.154 - Cohen I #122 Pag.200 - DVM #8 Pag.85 - BMC #80 - CBN #239 - Sear RCTV #1943 Pag.384 - RSC II #123 Pag.14
mdelvalle
RIC_306_AS_Neron.jpg
14-14 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)16 viewsAE AS 27 x 25 mm 11.2 gr.

Anv: "NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PACE P.R. VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVS[IT] - S C" – Templo de los gemelos Jano (Ianus Geminus) mostrando sus puertas dobles cerradas a la derecha y en la pared lateral izquierda una larga ventana enrejada .

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión 65 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #306 Pag.168 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1974 Pag.390 - BMCRE #227 - Cohen Vol.1 #171 Pag.290 - DVM #30 Pag.87 - CBN #400 - Mac Dowall WCN #288
mdelvalle
Denario_Neron_Salus_RIC_67_Fourree.jpg
14-15 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)41 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA
Denario Forrado 17 mm 1.9 gr.

Anv: " NERO CAESAR - AVGVSTVS" - Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: Salus (La Salud) sentada en un trono a izquierda, portando patera en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido. "SALVS" en el exergo.

Este tipo se refiere a la supresión de la conspiración del Pisonian. El supuesto asesino Fl. Scaevinus, tomó una daga sagrada del templo de Salus en Ferentum para matar a Nerón, pero uno de los libertos de Scaevinus lo traicionó llevando esa misma daga a Nerón como evidencia. Neron dedicó la daga en el templo de Salus en Roma, escribiendo "a Júpiter el Protector". Por este motivo se promovieron con mucha fuerza a Salus y Júpiter Custos en toda la acuñación de Nerón como guardianes del reino..

Acuñada Con posterioridad al 66-67 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.I #60 Pag.153 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1945 var. (Leyenda del anverso) Pag.384 - BMCRE Vol.I #90 - Cohen Vol.1 #314 Pag.300 - DVM #15 Pag.85 - CBN #237 - RSC Vol. II #314 Pag.15
mdelvalle
RIC_312_AS_Neron.jpg
14-16 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)10 viewsAE AS 27 x 25 mm 8.9 gr.

Anv: "NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "S C" - Victoria volando a izquierda, portando un escudo ovalado con las letras "SP/QR" inscriptas en el.

Acuñada 65 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #312 Pag.169 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1976 Pag.391 - BMCRE #241 - Cohen Vol.1 #288 Pag.298 - DVM #32a Pag.87 - CBN #399 - Mac Dowall WCN #285/90
mdelvalle
RIC_523_Dupondio_Neron.jpg
14-20 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)21 viewsOricalco Dupondio 27,65 mm 11.4 gr.

Anv: "IMP NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG P MAX TR P P P" - Busto laureado viendo a izquierda, orbe bajo el busto.
Rev: "VICTORIA AVGVSTI - S C" – Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando corona de laureles en mano der. y hoja de palma en izquierda.

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión 66 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #523 Pag.181 - Sear RCTV #1970 Pag.389 - DVM #28a Pag.87 - CBN #310 - Cohen I #325 Pag.301 - BMCRE #356 - Mac Dowall WCN #526
mdelvalle
RI 141bn img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 35 Bust Type C 12 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG , Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the rear.
Rev:– IOVI CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt & scepter, eagle at foot
Minted in Lugdunum (A in right field, SML in exe). Issue 4, Start to Summer A.D. 287
References:– Cohen 184. RIC V pt. 2 Lugdunum 35 Bust type C (Common). Bastien 98 (24 examples cited).
maridvnvm
RI 146bn img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 348 Bust Type F12 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– AEQVITAS AVGG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales in right hand and cornucopia in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (B in exe). Emission 7. Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
References:– Cohen 11. RIC V Part 2 348 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 351 (9 examples cited though this example has a reverse legend break not noted in Bastien).
maridvnvm
Denario GALBA RIC 167.jpg
15-01 - GALBA (2/04/68 - 15/01/69 D.C.)65 viewsAR Denario 17 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: "[IMP S]ER - GALBA [AVG]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SPQR / OB / C S" - Leyenda en tres líneas dentro de una corona de hojas de roble.

Acuñada Set./Dic. 68 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #167 Pag.241 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2093 var Pag.407 - BMCRE #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #287 var Pag.338 - DVM #28 Pag.93 - CBN #76 - Hunter #5 - RSC Vol. II #287 Pag.22
1 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_167_Denario_Galba.jpg
15-01 - GALBA (2/04/68 - 15/01/69 D.C.)21 viewsAR Denario 17 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: "[IMP S]ER - GALBA [AVG]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SPQR / OB / C S" - Leyenda en tres líneas dentro de una corona de hojas de roble.

Acuñada Set./Dic. 68 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #167 Pag.241 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2093 var Pag.407 - BMCRE #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #287 var Pag.338 - DVM #28 Pag.93 - CBN #76 - Hunter #5 - RSC Vol. II #287 Pag.22
mdelvalle
1188_P_Hadrian_RPC--.jpg
1550B MYSIA. Lampsacus Hadrian, Priapus standing12 viewscf RPC III, -- 1550 Trajan; same SNG France 1272; BMC Mysia -, SNG BnF -, SNG Cop

Obv. AΔIANOC KAICAP
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian right

Rev. ΛΑΜΨΑΚΗΝωΝ
ithyphallic Priapus standing left, right hand raised, left hand on hip

1.55 gr
15 mm
6h

Note.
Priapus or Priapos was a minor rustic fertility god, protector of livestock, fruit plants, gardens and male genitalia. Priapus is marked by his absurdly oversized permanent erection, which gave rise to the medical term priapism. He became a popular figure in Roman erotic art and Latin literature, and is the subject of the often humorously obscene collection of verse called the Priapeia. Statues of Priapus were sometimes placed on boundaries and hung with signs which threatened sexual assault on trespassers.
FORVM coin
okidoki
RIC_8_Denario_Oton_1.jpg
16-01 - OTÓN (15/01/69 - 16/04/69 D.C.)21 viewsAR Denario 16/18 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P " - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SECV-RI-TAS P R" - Securitas (La Seguridad) estante a izq. portando guirnalda/corona de laureles en mano der. y cetro vert. en izq.

Acuñada 69 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R2

Referencias: RIC I #8 P.260, Sear RCTV I #2162 P.417, BMCRE I #17 P.366, Cohen I #17 P.353, DVM #8 Pag.45, CBN #10, RSC II #17 P.33
mdelvalle
RI 160bn img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 22530 viewsObv:–CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:–. PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above
Minted in Lugdunum (PLG in exe).end A.D. 325 – A.D. 325
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 225 (Scarce), Bastien XIII 184
maridvnvm
678_P_Hadrian_RPC1663.jpg
1663 TROAS, Pionia Hadrian AE 14 Heracles standing10 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1663; BMC 4; SNG BN Paris 2335

Magistrate Neikomachos (strategos)

Obv. [ ]ΝΟΝ [ΑΔ]ΡΙΑΝΟ[ ]
Laureate head of Hadrian, r.

Rev. ΕΠΙ ΝΙΚΟ ΠΙΟΝΙΤΩΝ
Heracles standing facing, resting on club with his r. hand, holding lion skin in l.

2.20 gr
14 mm
6h
okidoki
RI_168bn_img.jpg
168 - Constantine II - AE3 - RIC VII Trier 556 12 viewsAE3
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two helmeted soldiers standing with spears & shields, facing two standards between them
Minted in Trier (Palm branch //TRS).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 556 (C1)

2.18gms. 18.79 mm. 0 degrees
maridvnvm
RI_169bn_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Antioch 12628 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Laureate and rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, globe in right hand
Rev:- FEL TEMP REPA-RATIO, Helmeted soldier, spear in left hand, advancing right, head left; with his right hand he leads a small bare-headed figure from a hut beneath a tree. The spear points downwards, between the soldier's legs
Minted in Antioch; (//ANS), A.D. 348-350
Reference:– RIC VIII Antioch 126 (C)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Denario VITELIO RIC 109.jpg
17-01 - VITELIO (02/01/69 D.C. - 20/12/69 D.C.)68 viewsAR Denario 18.5 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "XV V[IR] SACR FACT" - Cuenco o palangana para vino o agua de purificación (Dimnos) apoyado sobre trípode, con delfín arriba nadando hacia la derecha y cuervo parado debajo viendo a derecha.

Acuñada Jul./Dic. 69 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #109 Pag.272 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2201 Pag.422 - BMCRE #39 - Cohen Vol.1 #111 Pag.365 - DVM #21 Pag.97 - CBN #77 - RSC Vol. II #111 Pag.36
1 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_109_Denario_Vitelio.jpg
17-01 - VITELIO (02/01/69 D.C. - 20/12/69 D.C.)21 viewsAR Denario 18.5 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "XV V[IR] SACR FACT" - Cuenco o palangana para vino o agua de purificación (Dimnos) apoyado sobre trípode, con delfín arriba nadando hacia la derecha y cuervo parado debajo viendo a derecha.

Acuñada Jul./Dic. 69 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #109 Pag.272 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2201 Pag.422 - BMCRE #39 - Cohen Vol.1 #111 Pag.365 - DVM #21 Pag.97 - CBN #77 - RSC Vol. II #111 Pag.36
mdelvalle
mikrd45.jpg
17-03 - VITELIO (02/01/69 D.C. - 20/12/69 D.C.)28 viewsAR Denario 20 mm 3.03 gr.

Anv: "A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONT MAXIM" - Vesta velada y vestida, sentada a der. en un trono, portando patera en mano der. y cetro vertical en izq.

Acuñada: Julio a Dic. del 69 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S
SRCV I #2200,p.442 - BMCRE I #34 - DVM #16,p.97 - RSC II #72,p.36 - CBN #71

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #107 Pag.273 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2200 Pag.422 - BMCRE Vol.I #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #72 Pag.361 - DVM #16 Pag.97 - CBN #71 - RSC Vol. II #72 Pag.36
mdelvalle
RIC_107_Denario_Vitelio.jpg
17-03 - VITELIO (02/01/69 D.C. - 20/12/69 D.C.)18 viewsAR Denario 20 mm 3.03 gr.

Anv: "A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONT MAXIM" - Vesta velada y vestida, sentada a der. en un trono, portando patera en mano der. y cetro vertical en izq.

Acuñada: Julio a Dic. del 69 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #107 Pag.273 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2200 Pag.422 - BMCRE Vol.I #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #72 Pag.361 - DVM #16 Pag.97 - CBN #71 - RSC Vol. II #72 Pag.36
mdelvalle
RI_170bn_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Siscia 21619 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Laureate and rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, globe in right hand
Rev:- FEL•TEMP•REPA-RATIO, Helmeted soldier, spear in left hand, advancing right, head left; with his right hand he leads a small bare-headed figure from a hut beneath a tree. The spear points downwards, between the soldier's legs
Minted in Siscia; (// DSIS(Symbol 4)M ), A.D. 348-350
Reference:– RIC VIII Siscia 216; LRBC 1120 var (Hut 3)
maridvnvm
Saladin_A788.jpg
1701a, Saladin, 1169-11931938 viewsAYYUBID: Saladin, 1169-1193, AR dirham (2.92g), Halab, AH580, A-788, lovely struck, well-centered & bold, Extremely Fine, Scarce.

His name in Arabic, in full, is SALAH AD-DIN YUSUF IBN AYYUB ("Righteousness of the Faith, Joseph, Son of Job"), also called AL-MALIK AN-NASIR SALAH AD-DIN YUSUF I (b. 1137/38, Tikrit, Mesopotamia--d. March 4, 1193, Damascus), Muslim sultan of Egypt, Syria, Yemen, and Palestine, founder of the Ayyubid dynasty, and the most famous of Muslim heroes.

In wars against the Christian crusaders, he achieved final success with the disciplined capture of Jerusalem (Oct. 2, 1187), ending its 88-year occupation by the Franks. The great Christian counterattack of the Third Crusade was then stalemated by Saladin's military genius.

Saladin was born into a prominent Kurdish family. On the night of his birth, his father, Najm ad-Din Ayyub, gathered his family and moved to Aleppo, there entering the service of 'Imad ad-Din Zangi ibn Aq Sonqur, the powerful Turkish governor in northern Syria. Growing up in Ba'lbek and Damascus, Saladin was apparently an undistinguished youth, with a greater taste for religious studies than military training.
His formal career began when he joined the staff of his uncle Asad ad-Din Shirkuh, an important military commander under the amir Nureddin, son and successor of Zangi. During three military expeditions led by Shirkuh into Egypt to prevent its falling to the Latin-Christian (Frankish) rulers of the states established by the First Crusade, a complex, three-way struggle developed between Amalric I, the Latin king of Jerusalem, Shawar, the powerful vizier of the Egyptian Fatimid caliph, and Shirkuh. After Shirkuh's death and after ordering Shawar's assassination, Saladin, in 1169 at the age of 31, was appointed both commander of the Syrian troops and vizier of Egypt.

His relatively quick rise to power must be attributed not only to the clannish nepotism of his Kurdish family but also to his own emerging talents. As vizier of Egypt, he received the title king (malik), although he was generally known as the sultan. Saladin's position was further enhanced when, in 1171, he abolished the Shi'i Fatimid caliphate, proclaimed a return to Sunnah in Egypt, and consequently became its sole ruler.

Although he remained for a time theoretically a vassal of Nureddin, that relationship ended with the Syrian emir's death in 1174. Using his rich agricultural possessions in Egypt as a financial base, Saladin soon moved into Syria with a small but strictly disciplined army to claim the regency on behalf of the young son of his former suzerain.
Soon, however, he abandoned this claim, and from 1174 until 1186 he zealously pursued a goal of uniting, under his own standard, all the Muslim territories of Syria, northern Mesopotamia, Palestine, and Egypt.

This he accomplished by skillful diplomacy backed when necessary by the swift and resolute use of military force. Gradually, his reputation grew as a generous and virtuous but firm ruler, devoid of pretense, licentiousness, and cruelty. In contrast to the bitter dissension and intense rivalry that had up to then hampered the Muslims in their resistance to the crusaders, Saladin's singleness of purpose induced them to rearm both physically and spiritually.

Saladin's every act was inspired by an intense and unwavering devotion to the idea of jihad ("holy war")-the Muslim equivalent of the Christian crusade. It was an essential part of his policy to encourage the growth and spread of Muslim religious institutions.

He courted its scholars and preachers, founded colleges and mosques for their use, and commissioned them to write edifying works especially on the jihad itself. Through moral regeneration, which was a genuine part of his own way of life, he tried to re-create in his own realm some of the same zeal and enthusiasm that had proved so valuable to the first generations of Muslims when, five centuries before, they had conquered half the known world.

Saladin also succeeded in turning the military balance of power in his favour-more by uniting and disciplining a great number of unruly forces than by employing new or improved military techniques. When at last, in 1187, he was able to throw his full strength into the struggle with the Latin crusader kingdoms, his armies were their equals. On July 4, 1187, aided by his own military good sense and by a phenomenal lack of it on the part of his enemy, Saladin trapped and destroyed in one blow an exhausted and thirst-crazed army of crusaders at Hattin, near Tiberias in northern Palestine.

So great were the losses in the ranks of the crusaders in this one battle that the Muslims were quickly able to overrun nearly the entire Kingdom of Jerusalem. Acre, Toron, Beirut, Sidon, Nazareth, Caesarea, Nabulus, Jaffa (Yafo), and Ascalon (Ashqelon) fell within three months.

But Saladin's crowning achievement and the most disastrous blow to the whole crusading movement came on Oct. 2, 1187, when Jerusalem, holy to both Muslim and Christian alike, surrendered to the Sultan's army after 88 years in the hands of the Franks. In stark contrast to the city's conquest by the Christians, when blood flowed freely during the barbaric slaughter of its inhabitants, the Muslim reconquest was marked by the civilized and courteous behaviour of Saladin and his troops. His sudden success, which in 1189 saw the crusaders reduced to the occupation of only three cities, was, however, marred by his failure to capture Tyre, an almost impregnable coastal fortress to which the scattered Christian survivors of the recent battles flocked. It was to be the rallying point of the Latin counterattack.

Most probably, Saladin did not anticipate the European reaction to his capture of Jerusalem, an event that deeply shocked the West and to which it responded with a new call for a crusade. In addition to many great nobles and famous knights, this crusade, the third, brought the kings of three countries into the struggle.

The magnitude of the Christian effort and the lasting impression it made on contemporaries gave the name of Saladin, as their gallant and chivalrous enemy, an added lustre that his military victories alone could never confer on him.

The Crusade itself was long and exhausting, and, despite the obvious, though at times impulsive, military genius of Richard I the Lion-Heart, it achieved almost nothing. Therein lies the greatest-but often unrecognized--achievement of Saladin. With tired and unwilling feudal levies, committed to fight only a limited season each year, his indomitable will enabled him to fight the greatest champions of Christendom to a draw. The crusaders retained little more than a precarious foothold on the Levantine coast, and when King Richard set sail from the Orient in October 1192, the battle was over.

Saladin withdrew to his capital at Damascus. Soon, the long campaigning seasons and the endless hours in the saddle caught up with him, and he died. While his relatives were already scrambling for pieces of the empire, his friends found that the most powerful and most generous ruler in the Muslim world had not left enough money to pay for his own grave.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
H.A.R. Gibb, "The Arabic Sources for the Life of Saladin," Speculum, 25:58-72 (1950). C.W. Wilson's English translation of one of the most important Arabic works, The Life of Saladin (1897), was reprinted in 1971. The best biography to date is Stanley Lane-Poole, Saladin and the Fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, new ed. (1926, reprinted 1964), although it does not take account of all the sources.
See: http://stp.ling.uu.se/~kamalk/language/saladin.html
Ed. J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Saladin_A787.jpg
1701b, Saladin, 1169-1193151 viewsAYYUBID: Saladin, 1169-1193, AR dirham (2.93), al-Qahira, AH586, A-787.2, clear mint & date, double struck, some horn-silvering;VF-EF.

His name in Arabic is SALAH AD-DIN YUSUF IBN AYYUB ("Righteousness of the Faith, Joseph, Son of Job"). He was born in 1137/8 A.D. in Tikrit, Mesopotamia (modern day Iraq). In wars against the Christian crusaders, he achieved a significant success with the disciplined capture of Jerusalem (Oct. 2, 1187), ending its 88-year occupation by the Franks. Unlike the notorious conquest by the Christians, who slaughtered the inhabitants of the “Holy City,” Saladin’s reconquest of Jerusalem was marked by civilized and courteous behaviour. Saladin was generous to his vanquished foes—by any measure. When he died in 1193, this man who is arguably Islam’s greatest hero was virtually penniless. After a lifetime of giving alms to the poor, his friends found that the most powerful and most generous ruler in the Muslim world had not left enough money to pay for his own grave.
Cleisthenes
1180_P_Hadrian_RPC1767.jpg
1767 MYSIA, Germe Hadrian, Heracles standing4 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1767; Ehling 75-82; von Aulock 7221; SNG BN - ; SNG Cop. -

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС ΑΥΓΟΥСΤΟС
Bare head of Hadrian, right

Rev. ΓΕΡΜΗΝΩΝ
Heracles naked standing facing, head l., resting with r. hand on club, holding lion’s skin on left.

7.4 gr
19 mm
12h
okidoki
1228_P_Hadrian_RPC1767.jpg
1767 MYSIA, Germe Hadrian, Heracles standing5 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1767; Ehling 75-82; von Aulock 7221; SNG BN - ; SNG Cop. -

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС ΑΥΓΟΥСΤΟС
Bare head of Hadrian, right

Rev. ΓΕΡΜΗΝΩΝ
Heracles naked standing facing, head l., resting with r. hand on club, holding lion’s skin on left.

7.06 gr
19 mm
6h
okidoki
1_-_1774_-_D123_variante_cuivre.JPG
1774 - États de Rennes11 views

Louis XVI
8,90g
29 mm
cuivre
LUD XVI. REX CHRISTIANISS.
"Louis XVI roi très chrétien"
Tête à droite, avec un bandeau dans les cheveux,
sans signature
JETON DES ETATS DE BRETAGNE 1774
Écu couronné écartelé aux 1 et 4 de France,
aux 2 et 3 de Bretagne,
sur un manteau semé de fleurs de lis et d’hermines
variante du Daniel 123

voir : Gildas Salaün, "De nouveaux jetons des Etats de Bretagne en cuivre", ASBNH, 2004.
PYL
1793_Newton_farthing.JPG
1793 AE Farthing, London, Middlesex.86 viewsObverse: Ic • NEWTON. Bare headed bust of Isaac Newton facing left.
Reverse: FARTHING. Britannia, helmeted and draped, facing left seated on globe, shield at her side, holding olive-branch in her extended right hand and spear in her left; in exergue, 1793.
Edge: “Plain".
Diameter : 21mm
Dalton & Hamer : 1160 | Cobwright : I.0010/F.0050 (listed as an evasion piece)

The die engraver for this token was most likely Thomas Wyon but the manufacturer is uncertain.

Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727), was an English physicist and mathematician who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and as a key figure in the scientific revolution. Newton shares credit with Gottfried Leibniz for the invention of calculus and also made seminal contributions to optics. He built the first practical reflecting telescope and developed a theory of colour based on the observation that a prism decomposes white light into the many colours of the visible spectrum.
Newton's “Principia” formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation, which came to dominate scientists' view of the physical universe for the next three centuries.
Newton was a fellow of Trinity College and a Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge. Unusually for a member of the Cambridge faculty of the day, he refused to take holy orders in the Church of England, perhaps because he privately rejected the doctrine of the Trinity.
In his later life, Newton became president of the Royal Society and became Warden of the Royal Mint in 1696. He became Master of the Royal Mint in 1699 and was very instrumental in developing techniques to try and prevent the counterfeiting of English coinage.
*Alex
1797GeorgeIIICartwheelTwoPence1024.jpg
1797 British Two Pence Cartwheel22 viewsRegal 1797 British Cartwheel Two Pence coin struck by Matthew Boulton
at Soho Mint. This coin grades MS-64 BN. Regal coinage would spell doom
for Conder Tokens which circulated widely in all counties of Britain. In the
far reaches of the countries, Conder Tokens would continue to circulate for
several more years.
Larry M2
Denario VESPASIANO RIC 6.jpg
18-03 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)54 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 2.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "COS ITER TR POT" - Marte caminando a derecha, portando lanza en mano derecha y aguila sobre su hombro izquierdo.

Acuñada 70 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #6D Pag.15 - RIC2 #23 - BMCRE #11/2/3 - Cohen Vol.1 #87 Pag.375 - DVM #18/1 Pag.100 - RSC Vol. II #87 Pag.40 - CBN #12/3
mdelvalle
RIC_6_Denario_Vespasiano.jpg
18-03 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)23 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 2.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "COS ITER TR POT" - Marte caminando a derecha, portando lanza en mano derecha y aguila sobre su hombro izquierdo.

Acuñada 70 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #6D Pag.15 - RIC2 #23 - BMCRE #11/2/3 - Cohen Vol.1 #87 Pag.375 - DVM #18/1 Pag.100 - RSC Vol. II #87 Pag.40 - CBN #12/3
mdelvalle
Denario VESPASIANO RIC10D.jpg
18-05 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)46 viewsAR Denario 17.5 x 16 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR [VESPA]SIANVS AVG" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "COS ITER [T]R POT" - Pax (Paz) sentada a izquierda, sosteniendo rama de olivo en mano derecha y Caduceo en izquierda.

Acuñada 69 - 71 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C3

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #10D Pag.16 - RIC2 #29 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2285 Pag.435 - BMCRE #26 - DVM #18/5 Pag.100 - CBN #18 - RSC Vol. II #94h Pag.41
mdelvalle
RIC_10_Denario_Vespasiano.jpg
18-05 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)19 viewsAR Denario 17.5 x 16 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR [VESPA]SIANVS AVG" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "COS ITER [T]R POT" - Pax (Paz) sentada a izquierda, sosteniendo rama de olivo en mano derecha y Caduceo en izquierda.

Acuñada 69 - 71 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #10D Pag.16 - RIC2 #29 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2285 Pag.435 - BMCRE #26 - DVM #18/5 Pag.100 - CBN #18 - RSC Vol. II #94h Pag.41
mdelvalle
Vespasiano_denario_VICTORIAE_Efesos.jpg
18-06 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)27 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 3.2 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PACI AVGVSTAE" - Victoria avanzando a derecha, portando corona de laureles y Palma. "EPE" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 71 D.C.
Ceca: Ephesus
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #333 Pag.54 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2270 Pag.433 - BMCRE #457 - Cohen Vol.1 #276 Pag.388 - DVM #38 Pag.101 - CBN #351 - RSC Vol. II #276 Pag.44
mdelvalle
Denario_Vespasiano_RIC_15_Judea_Capta.jpg
18-07 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)49 viewsAR Denario 19 x 17 mm 2.6 gr.

Anv: " IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG" - Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: Judea en actitud de duelo y congoja, sentada en el suelo hacia la derecha, detrás suyo un trofeo de armas. "JVDAEA" en el exergo.

Este tipo de reverso celebra el éxito de Vespasian y Titus sofocando la primera Revuelta Judía.

Acuñada: 69 - 70 D.C.
Ceca: Roma Italia ó Tarraco España
Rareza: Común ó Rara (Según la ubicación de la ceca)

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #15D Pag.16 (Roma) ó #266 Pag.46 (Tarraco) - RIC2 #4 (Roma) ó #1316 (Tarraco) - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2296 Pag.436 - BMCRE Vol.2 #35, 359 y 370 - Cohen Vol.1 #226 Pag.384 - DVM #32 Pag.101 - CBN #23 - RSC Vol. II #226 Pag.43 – Hendin #759 Pag.319
mdelvalle
RIC_15_Denario_Vespasiano.jpg
18-07 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)16 viewsAR Denario 19 x 17 mm 2.6 gr.

Anv: " IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG" - Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: Judea en actitud de duelo y congoja, sentada en el suelo hacia la derecha, detrás suyo un trofeo de armas. "JVDAEA" en el exergo.

Este tipo de reverso celebra el éxito de Vespasian y Titus sofocando la primera Revuelta Judía.

Acuñada: 69 - 70 D.C.
Ceca: Roma Italia ó Tarraco España
Rareza: Común ó Rara (Según la ubicación de la ceca)

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #15D Pag.16 (Roma) ó #266 Pag.46 (Tarraco) - RIC2 #4 (Roma) ó #1316 (Tarraco) - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2296 Pag.436 - BMCRE Vol.2 #35, 359 y 370 - Cohen Vol.1 #226 Pag.384 - DVM #32 Pag.101 - CBN #23 - RSC Vol. II #226 Pag.43 – Hendin #759 Pag.319
mdelvalle
RIC_39_Denario_Vespasiano.jpg
18-09 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)14 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 2.98 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAES VESP AVG PM" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "TRI POT II COS III P P" - Pax (Paz) sentada a izquierda, sosteniendo rama de olivo en mano derecha y Caduceo en izquierda.

Acuñada 72 - 73 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #39D Pag.19 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2313 Pag.438 - BMCRE #61 y 364 - DVM #56 Pag.102 - CBN #222 - Cohen I #566 Pag.412 - RSC Vol. II #566 Pag.48
mdelvalle
Denario VESPASIANO RIC 90.jpg
18-10 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)59 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PON MAX TR P COS VI" - Pax (Paz) (Emperador s/Cohen) sentada a izquierda, sosteniendo rama de olivo en mano der.

Acuñada 75 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #90 Pag.24 - RIC2 #772 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2301 Pag.436 - BMCRE #161/2/3/4 - Cohen Vol.1 #366 Pag.395 - DVM #43/1 Pag.101 - CBN #139/40 - RSC Vol. II #366 Pag.46
mdelvalle
RIC_75_Denario_Vespasiano.jpg
18-10 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)16 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Emperador sedente a derecha, sosteniendo rama de olivo en mano der. y largo cetro vertical en izq.

Acuñada 73 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #65 Pag.21 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2305 Pag.437 - BMCRE #98 - Cohen Vol.1 #387 Pag.397 - DVM #45/2 Pag.102 - CBN #86 - RSC Vol. II #387 Pag.46
mdelvalle
RIC_76_Denario_Vespasiano.jpg
18-11 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)20 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 2.74 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR VESP AVG" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PON MAX TR P COS V" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Emperador sedente a derecha en silla curule, sosteniendo rama de olivo en mano der. y largo cetro vertical en izq.

Acuñada 74 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #76 Pag.23 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2300 Pag.436 - BMCRE #135 - Cohen Vol.1 #363 Pag.395 - DVM #42/3 Pag.101 - CBN #109 - RSC Vol. II #363 Pag.46
mdelvalle
Denario_Vespasiano_Proa_RIC_941_Fourree.jpg
18-12 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)35 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA
Denario Forrado 19 mm 2.6 gr.

Anv: " IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG" Leyenda en sentido anti-horario - Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "COS – VIII" – Proa de galera hacia la derecha, gran estrella de ocho rayos largos y ocho cortos, arriba.
Este reverso es copia originalmente de la emisión triunviral de Marco Antonio acuñada en el 41/40 A.C. en conmemoración de su reconciliación con Ahenobarbus.

Acuñada Con posterioridad al 77-78 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #108 Pag.26 – RIC2 #941 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2290 Pag.435 - BMCRE Vol.2 #210 - Cohen Vol.1 #136 Pag.377/8 - DVM #24/3 Pag.101 - CBN #187 - RSC Vol. II #136 Pag.42
mdelvalle
RIC_90_Denario_Vespasiano.jpg
18-13 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)15 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PON MAX TR P COS VI" - Pax (Paz) (Emperador s/Cohen) sentada a izquierda, sosteniendo rama de olivo en mano der.

Acuñada 75 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #90 Pag.24 - RIC2 #772 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2301 Pag.436 - BMCRE #161-4 - Cohen Vol.1 #366 Pag.395 - DVM #43/1 Pag.101 - CBN #139/40 - RSC Vol. II #366 Pag.46
mdelvalle
Denario_Vespasiano_RIC_114_2_Judaea_Capta.jpg
18-14 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)35 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 2.8 gr.

Anv: " IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG" Leyenda en sentido anti-horario - Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[T]R POT X – COS VIIII" – Victoria avanzando a izquierda y atando un escudo sobre un trofeo de armas, en cuya base se encuentra un acongojado prisionero Judío sentado a izquierda.

Este reverso puede referirse a la victoria en Judea o, alternativamente, puede asociarse con las actividades en el norte de Bretaña del famoso Gobernador Gnaus Julius Agricola, suegro del historiador Tácitus.

Acuñada 79 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: Comun

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #114D Pag.27 - RIC2 #1068 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2309 Pag.437 - BMCRE Vol.2 #246 - Cohen Vol.1 #552 Pag.411 - DVM #53/4 Pag.102 - CBN #216 - RSC Vol. II #552 Pag.48 - Hendin #767 Pag.321
mdelvalle
RIC_114_Denario_Vespasiano.jpg
18-15 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)18 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 2.8 gr.

Anv: " IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG" Leyenda en sentido anti-horario - Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[T]R POT X – COS VIIII" – Victoria avanzando a izquierda y atando un escudo sobre un trofeo de armas, en cuya base se encuentra un acongojado prisionero Judío sentado a izquierda.

Este reverso puede referirse a la victoria en Judea o, alternativamente, puede asociarse con las actividades en el norte de Bretaña del famoso Gobernador Gnaus Julius Agricola, suegro del historiador Tácitus.

Acuñada 79 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: Comun

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #114D Pag.27 - RIC2 #1068 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2309 Pag.437 - BMCRE Vol.2 #246 - Cohen Vol.1 #552 Pag.411 - DVM #53/4 Pag.102 - CBN #216 - RSC Vol. II #552 Pag.48 - Hendin #767 Pag.321
mdelvalle
RIC_333_Denario_Vespasiano.jpg
18-18 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)17 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 3.2 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PACI AVGVSTAE" - Victoria avanzando a derecha, portando corona de laureles y Palma. "EPE" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 71 D.C.
Ceca: Ephesus
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #333 Pag.54 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2270 Pag.433 - BMCRE #457 - Cohen Vol.1 #276 Pag.388 - DVM #38 Pag.101 - CBN #351 - RSC Vol. II #276 Pag.44
mdelvalle
AS VESPASIANO RIC 482.jpg
18-20 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)38 viewsAE AS 23 mm 11.7 gr.

Anv: "[IMP CAES VE]SPASIAN AVG COS III" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[AEQVITAS] AVGVSTI - S C" - Aequitas (Equidad) de pié a izq. sosteniendo balanza en mano derecha y un largo cetro o vara en izquierda.

Acuñada 71 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C2

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #482 Pag.73 - RIC2 #286 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #2356 Pag.445 - BMCRE #600/1/2 - Cohen Vol.1 #13 Pag.369 - DVM #91 var Pag.103 - CBN #575
mdelvalle
RIC_482_AS_Vespasiano.jpg
18-20 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)18 viewsAE AS 23 mm 11.7 gr.

Anv: "[IMP CAES VE]SPASIAN AVG COS III" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[AEQVITAS] AVGVSTI - S C" - Aequitas (Equidad) de pié a izq. sosteniendo balanza en mano derecha y un largo cetro o vara en izquierda.

Acuñada 71 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #482 Pag.73 - RIC2 #286 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #2356 Pag.445 - BMCRE #600/1/2 - Cohen Vol.1 #13 Pag.369 - DVM #91 var Pag.103 - CBN #575
mdelvalle
RIC_580a_AS_Vespasiano.jpg
18-23 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)18 viewsAE AS 26 mm 7.5 gr.

Anv: "[IMP CAESA]R VESP AVG COS VII" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "AEQVITAS [AV]GVST - S C" - Aequitas (Equidad) de pié a izq. sosteniendo balanza en mano derecha y cetro en izquierda.

Acuñada 76 - 78 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #580a Pag.83 - RIC2 #890 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #2356 var Pag.445 - BMCRE #724 - Cohen Vol.1 #4 Pag.369 - DVM #91 Pag.103 - BNC #755/6
mdelvalle
RIC_580a_AS_Vespasiano_1.jpg
18-24 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)19 viewsAE AS 25 x 27 mm 9.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS VII" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "AEQVITAS AVGVST - S C" - Aequitas (Equidad) de pié a izq. sosteniendo balanza en mano derecha y cetro en izquierda.

Acuñada 76 - 78 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #580a Pag.83 - RIC2 #890 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #2356 var Pag.445 - BMCRE #724 - Cohen Vol.1 #4 Pag.369 - DVM #91 Pag.103 - CBN #755/6
mdelvalle
AS VESPASIANO RIC 580a.jpg
18-25 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)54 viewsAE AS 26 mm 7.5 gr.

Anv: "[IMP CAESA]R VESP AVG COS VII" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "AEQVITAS [AV]GVST - S C" - Aequitas (Equidad) de pié a izq. sosteniendo balanza en mano derecha y cetro en izquierda.

Acuñada 76 - 78 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #580a Pag.83 - RIC2 #890 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #2356 var Pag.445 - BMCRE #724 - Cohen Vol.1 #4 Pag.369 - DVM #91 Pag.103 - BNC #755/6
mdelvalle
AS VESPASIANO RIC 580a_1.jpg
18-26 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)49 viewsAE AS 25 x 27 mm 9.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS VII" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "AEQVITAS AVGVST - S C" - Aequitas (Equidad) de pié a izq. sosteniendo balanza en mano derecha y cetro en izquierda.

Acuñada 76 - 78 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #580a Pag.83 - RIC2 #890 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #2356 var Pag.445 - BMCRE #724 - Cohen Vol.1 #4 Pag.369 - DVM #91 Pag.103 - CBN #755/6
mdelvalle
RIC_583a_AS_Vespasiano.jpg
18-26 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)20 viewsAE AS 25 mm 10.5 gr.

Anv: "I[MP] CAESAR VESP AVG COS VII" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "S C" - Spes (La esperanza) de pié a izquierda sosteniendo una flor en la mano derecha y el faldón de su capote con la izquierda.

Acuñada 76 - 78 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #583a Pag.83 - RIC2 #894 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2361 var Pag.445 - BMCRE #725/6 - Cohen Vol.1 #457 Pag.402 - DVM #95 Pag.104 - CBN #757
mdelvalle
AS VESPASIANO RIC 583a.jpg
18-28 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)44 viewsAE AS 25 mm 10.5 gr.

Anv: "I[MP] CAESAR VESP AVG COS VII" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "S C" - Spes (La esperanza) de pié a izquierda sosteniendo una flor en la mano derecha y el faldón de su capote con la izquierda.

Acuñada 76 - 78 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C2

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #583a Pag.83 - RIC2 #894 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2361 var Pag.445 - BMCRE #725/6 - Cohen Vol.1 #457 Pag.402 - DVM #95 Pag.104 - CBN #757
mdelvalle
RIC_555_AS_Vespasiano.jpg
18-30 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)19 viewsAE Dupondius 26 mm 9.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAES VESP AVG PM T P COS V CENS" - Busto radiado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "FELICITAS PVBLICA - S C" - Felicitas (La Felicidad) de pié a izq. sosteniendo Caduceo en mano izquierda y Cornucopia en derecha.

Acuñada 74 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #555 Pag.80 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #2346 Pag.443 - BMCRE #698 - Cohen Vol.1 #152 Pag.379 - DVM #83 Pag.103 - CBN #714
mdelvalle
Coin_cabinet_medal.JPG
1843 "BENJAMIN NIGHTINGALE" AE Halfpenny Token. London, Middlesex14 viewsObverse: VILIUS EST ARGENTUM AURO, VIRTUTIBUS AURUM. Female, leaning on books behind her, holding a cornucopia from which coins are spilling, seated facing right in front of an open coin cabinet; in exergue, tudor rose on shield between two branches.
Reverse: BENJAMIN NIGHTINGALE LONDON * PRIVATE TOKEN * 1843 surrounding “BN” monogram in script.
Edge: Plain.
Diameter: 30mm | Weight: 14.2gms | Die Axis: 12
Bell (Middlesex) A3
VERY RARE (Only 72 of these bronzed copper halfpenny tokens were struck)

Privately issued in London by Benjamin Nightingale, the die sinker for this token was William Joseph Taylor (whose initials WJT can be seen to the left below the books on the obverse), following a similar design for halfpennies that he had produced for Matthew Young, a British merchant. Taylor was born in Birmingham in 1802 and was apprenticed to Thomas Halliday in 1818 as the first die-sinker to be trained by him. He set up his own business as a die-sinker, medallist and engraver at 5 Porter Street, Soho, London in 1829, later moving to 3 Lichfield Street, Birmingham. In 1843 the business moved to 33 Little Queen Street and finally, in 1869, to 70 Red Lion Street where, in 1885, Taylor died.
The Soho Mint at Birmingham (founded by Matthew Boulton) closed in 1848, and it's plant and equipment was sold via auction in April 1850. Taylor purchased many of the Soho Mint's hubs and dies from this auction and used them to restrike many of the coins & patterns that the Soho Mint had struck between the 1790's and the 1840's, though he nearly always re-polished or re-engraved elements of the original dies before re-using them.

Benjamin Nightingale was a wine and spirit merchant who lived at 17 Upper Stamford Street, Blackfriars Road in London. He was born in 1806 and died on March 9th, 1862. He was a well known Antiquarian and was a member of the Numismatic Society of London.
In 1863, after his death, Benjamin Nightingale's collection, consisting of 359 lots, was sold over a two day period by Sotheby's. This is from the February 13, 1863 edition of the London Daily News (page 8, column 6).

THE VALUABLE CABINET of COINS and MEDALS of the late BENJAMIN NIGHTINGALE, Esq.
MESSRS S. LEIGH SOTHEBY and WILKINSON, auctioneers of literary property and works illustrative of the fine arts, will SELL BY AUCTION, at their house, No. 13 (late 3), Wellington-street, Strand, W.C., on WEDNESDAY, Feb. 25, and following day, at 1 precisely, the valuable CABINET OF COINS and MEDALS of the late Benjamin Nightingale, Esq.; comprising a few Roman coins in gold, silver, and copper, in the highest state of preservation; a most valuable collection of English medals in all metals; rare and curious jetons, including a very perfect set of those struck to illustrate the history of the low countries; a few remarkable foreign medals, a choice library of numismatic books, several well-made cabinets, & c. – May be viewed two days previous, and catalogues had on receipt of two stamps.

According to Manville and Robertson, prior to his death, Benjamin Nightingale had sold off part of his collection at an auction by Sotheby's on 29th Nov. 1855.
"Benjamin NIGHTINGALE" in ANS copy; Greek, Roman, Tavern Tokens, Town Pieces, 17-18c Tokens, English and Foreign Medals, Books; 165 lots. -Curtis Clay.

The inspiration for these tokens might have been Pye's 1797 halfpenny (Warwickshire 223) which is of a similar design.
*Alex
RIC_13_Denario_TITO.jpg
19-01 - TITO (79 - 81 D.C.)29 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 3.2 gr.

Anv: "IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: " TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P" - Capricornio a der sobre un globo. Reverso basado en acuñaciones de Augusto.

Acuñada posterior a Julio/79 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias:Referencias: RIC Vol.II #13D Pag.117 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2510 Pag.465 - BMCRE #35 - Cohen Vol.1 #280 Pag.452 - DVM #30/6 var Pag.106 - CBN #32 - RSC Vol. II #280 Pag.57
1 commentsmdelvalle
Denario_de_Tito.jpg
19-01 - TITO (79 - 81 D.C.)35 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 3.2 gr.

Anv: "IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: " TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P" - Capricornio a der sobre un globo. Reverso basado en acuñaciones de Augusto.

Acuñada posterior a Julio/79 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #13D Pag.117 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2510 Pag.465 - BMCRE #35 - Cohen Vol.1 #280 Pag.452 - DVM #30/6 var Pag.106 - CBN #32 - RSC Vol. II #280 Pag.57
mdelvalle
RIC_24a_Denario_TITO.jpg
19-03 - TITO (79 - 81 D.C.)20 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: " TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P" - Trono con diadema triangular ornamentada.

Acuñada 79-80 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #24aD Pag.119 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2515 Pag.466 - BMCRE #61 - Cohen Vol.1 #313 Pag.455 - DVM #32/2 var Pag.106 - CBN #49 - RSC Vol. II #313a Pag.58
mdelvalle
AS_Tito_AEQVITAS_AVG_RIC_618.jpg
19-04 - TITO Como Cesar y Co-Emperador de su Padre (69 - 79 D.C.)20 viewsComo Cesar de su Padre Vespasiano.
AE AS 26 mm 10.8 gr.

Anv: " T CAES VESPASIAN IMP P TR P COS II" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "AEQVITAS AVGUSTI - S C" - Aequitas (La Equidad) de pié a izquierda portando balanza (escala) en mano derecha y bastón largo vertical en izquierdo.

Acuñada 72 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II (Vespasian) #618 Pag.87 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2473 Pag.461 - Cohen Vol.I #6 Pag.430 - DVM #50 Pag.107 - CBN #631
mdelvalle
RIC_618_AS_TITO.jpg
19-04 - TITO Como Cesar y Co-Emperador de su Padre (69 - 79 D.C.)15 viewsComo Cesar de su Padre Vespasiano.
AE AS 26 mm 10.8 gr.

Anv: " T CAES VESPASIAN IMP P TR P COS II" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "AEQVITAS AVGUSTI - S C" - Aequitas (La Equidad) de pié a izquierda portando balanza (escala) en mano derecha y bastón largo vertical en izquierdo.

Acuñada 72 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II (Vespasian) #618 Pag.87 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2473 Pag.461 - Cohen Vol.I #6 Pag.430 - DVM #50 Pag.107 - CBN #631
mdelvalle
1997-161-164_AurelianIoviConser-Forum.jpg
1997.161.16412 viewsSiscia, 4.00 g

Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG; Radiate, cuirassed, bust right.
Reverse: IOVI CON-SER; -/-//*Q; Emperor, in military dress, on left, standing right, holding short scepter in left, extending right hand to receive a globe from Jupiter, on right, standing left, extending globe in right hand, holding scepter in left.
Ref: RIC 225; RIC V,1 online, T-2220; LV 7036-7049; BnF XII.1, 1172-1173; (Autumn 272 – 273 – Early 274)
gordian_guy
1997-161-166_AurelianOriensAug-Forum.jpg
1997.161.16620 viewsCyzicus, 4.47 g

Obverse: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG; Radiate, cuirassed, bust right.
Reverse: ORIE-N-S AVG; -/-//ΔC; Sol, radiate and nude, except for chlamys, wrapped around shoulders and draped off left arm, standing left; right hand raised; globe in extended right hand; bound captive seated left on ground to left.
Ref: RIC 360; RIC V,1 online, T-3029; LV 10588-10591; BnF XII.1 1200; (Spring 273 – Spring 274)
gordian_guy
CommodusSestRoma.jpg
1bn Commodus26 views177-192

Sestertius

Laureate head, right, M COMMOD ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT PP

Roma seated left, ROM FEL PM TR P XVI COS VI

RIC 224

The Historia Augusta reports: As for Commodus himself, he was born, with his twin brother Antoninus, at Laiiuvium where his mother's father was born, it is said on the day before the Kalends of September, while his father and uncle were consuls. . . . Marcus tried to educate Commodus by his own teaching and by that of the greatest and the best of men. . . . However, teachers in all these studies profited him not in the least such is the power, either of natural character, or of the tutors maintained in a palace. For even from his earliest years he was base and dis- honorable, and cruel and lewd, defiled of mouth, moreover, and debauched. . . . While yet a child he was given the name of Caesar, along with his brother Verus. . . .

[After Marcus died], He abandoned the war which his father had almost finished and submitted to the enemy's terms, and then he returned to Rome. . . . After he had come back to Rome, he led the triumphal procession with Saoterus, his partner in depravity, seated in his chariot, and from time to time he would turn around and kiss him openly, repeating this same performance even in the orchestra. And not only was he wont to drink until dawn and squander the resources of the Roman Empire, but in the evening he would ramble through taverns and brothels. 6 He sent out to rule the provinces men who were either his companions in crime or were recommended to him by criminals. He became so detested by the senate that he in his turn was moved with cruel passion for the destruction of that great order, and from having been despised he became bloodthirsty. . . . He was called also the Roman Hercules, on the ground that he had killed 192 wild beasts in the amphitheatre at Lanuvium. . . . He engaged in gladiatorial combats, and accepted
the names usually given to gladiators 5 with as much pleasure as if he had been granted triumphal decorations. . . .

Because of these things but all too late Quintus Aemilius Laetus, prefect of the guard, and Marcia, his concubine, were roused to action and entered into a conspiracy against his life. First they gave him poison; and when this proved ineffective they had him strangled by the athlete with whom he was accustomed to exercise.
Blindado
TraianDecSestDacia.jpg
1cq Trajan Decius23 views249-251

Sestertius

Laureate, cuirassed bust, right, MP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG
Dacia standing left holding draco standard, or staff surmounted by a donkey's head, DACIA SC

RIC 101b

The Byzantine historian Zosimus recorded in his New History: [Philip], thinking that he had by these means established himself in the possession of the empire, he made an expedition against the Carpi, who had plundered all the country about the Ister. . . . As there were at that time many disturbances in the empire, the eastern provinces, which were uneasy, partly, owing to the exactions of exorbitant tributes, and partly to their dislike of Priscus, their governor, who was a man of an intolerably evil disposition, wished for innovation, and set up Papianus for emperor, while the inhabitants of Moesia and Pannonia were more inclined to Marinus.

Philip, being disturbed by these events, desired the senate cither to assist him against such imminent dangers, or, if they were displeased with his government, to suffer him to lay it down and dismiss him quietly. No person making a reply to this, Decius, a person of illustrious birth and rank, and moreover gifted, with every virtue, observed, that he was unwise in being so much concerned at those events, for they would vanish of themselves, and could not possibly long subsist. And though the event corresponded with the conjecture of Decius, which long experience in the world had enabled him to make, Papianus and Marinus being taken off, yet Philip was still in fear, knowing how obnoxious the officers in that country were to the army. He therefore desired Decius to assume the command of the legions in Moesia and Pannonia. As he refused this under the plea that it was inconvenient both for Philip and himself, Philip made use of the rhetoric of necessity, as the Thessalians term it, and compelled him to go to Pannonia to punish the accomplices of Marinus. The army in that country, finding that Decius punished all that had offended, thought it most politic to avoid the present danger and to set up a sovereign who would better consult the good of the state, and who, being more expert both in civil and military affairs, might without difficulty conquer Philip.

For this purpose they clothed Decius in purple, and notwithstanding all his apprehensions of future mischances, compelled him to assume the supreme authority. Philip therefore, on hearing that Decius was thus made emperor, collected all his forces to overpower him. The supporters of Decius, though they knew that the enemy had greatly the advantage in numbers, still retained their confidence, trusting to the general skill and prudence of Decius in affairs. And when the two armies engaged, although the one was superior in number, yet the other so excelled it in discipline and conduct, that a great number of Philip's partisans were slain and he himself amongst them, together with his son, on whom he had conferred the title of Caesar. Decius thus acquired the empire.

The Scythians, taking advantage of the disorder which every where prevailed through the negligence of Philip, crossed the Tanais, and pillaged the countries in the vicinity of Thrace. But Decius, marching against them, was not only victorious in every battle, but recovered the spoils they had taken, and endeavoured to cut off their retreat to their own country, intending to destroy them all, to prevent their ever again, making a similar incursion. For this purpose he posted Gallus on the bank of the Tanais with a competent force, and led in person the remainder of his army against the enemy. This expedition exceeded to his utmost wish; but Gallus, who was disposed to innovation, sent agents to the Barbarians, requesting their concurrence in a conspiracy against Decius. To this they gave a willing assent, and Gallus retained his post on the bank of the Tanais, but the Barbarians divided themselves into three battalions, the first of which posted itself behind a marsh. Decius having destroyed a considerable number of the first battalion, the second advanced, which he likewise defeated, and discovered part of the third, which lay near the marsh. Gallus sent intelligence to him, that he might march against them across the fen. Proceeding therefore incautiously in an unknown place, he and his army became entangled in the mire, and under that disadvantage were so assailed by the missiles of the Barbarians, that not one of them escaped with life. Thus ended the life of the excellent emperor Decius.

Eutropius wrote: DECIUS, a native of Lower Pannonia, born at Budalia, assumed the government. . . . When he and his son had reigned two years, they were both killed in the country of the Barbarians, and enrolled among the gods.
Blindado
Titi_denario_VENVS_AVGVST.jpg
20-01 - JULIA TITI (79 - 81 D.C.)28 viewsHija de Tito
AR Denario 20 mm 3.2 gr.

Anv: "IVLIA AVGVSTA TITI AVGVSTI F" - Busto vestido y con diadema viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VENVS AVGVST" - Venus semi-desnuda, viendo a derecha, apoyada en Cippus (columna corta), portando Yelmo en mano der. y jabalina en izq.

Acuñada 79 - 80 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.II (Titus) #56 Pag.122 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2612 Pag.480 - BMCRE Titus #141 - Cohen Vol.1 #276 Pag.388 - DVM #3 Pag.108 - CBN Titus #106 - RSC Vol. II #14 Pag.60
mdelvalle
RIC_56_Denario_Julia_Titi.jpg
20-01 - JULIA TITI (79 - 81 D.C.)13 viewsHija de Tito
AR Denario 20 mm 3.2 gr.

Anv: "IVLIA AVGVSTA TITI AVGVSTI F" - Busto vestido y con diadema viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VENVS AVGVST" - Venus semi-desnuda, viendo a derecha, apoyada en Cippus (columna corta), portando Yelmo en mano der. y jabalina en izq.

Acuñada 79 - 80 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.II (Titus) #56 Pag.122 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2612 Pag.480 - BMCRE Titus #141 - Cohen Vol.1 #276 Pag.388 - DVM #3 Pag.108 - CBN Titus #106 - RSC Vol. II #14 Pag.60
mdelvalle
2014-084-1_AurelianMilanRomaeAeternae-Forum.jpg
2014.084.122 viewsMilan, 4.07 g; 6h

Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG; Radiate, cuirassed, bust right.
Reverse: ROMAE AETE-RNAE; -/-//Q; Emperor, on left, standing right, before Roma, on right seated left on shield, holding Victory in extended right hand; in left hand scepter.
Ref: RIC 142; BnF XII 480-483, Emission 3 (Autumn 271-Autumn 272); RIC V,1 online, T-1476;
1 commentsgordian_guy
2014-084-2_AurelianSerdicaSoliInvictoMedusa-Forum.jpg
2014.084.250 viewsSerdica, 4.31 g; 12h

Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG; Radiate, cuirassed, bust right; breastplate decorated with head of Medusa.
Reverse: SOLI - I-NVICTO; -/-//XXI•T •; Sol, nude, but for chlamys wrapped around shoulders and left arm, trailing behind, walking left, right hand raised, left holding whip, on each side bound captives, in oriental dress, seated back to back; captive on right looking back to left.
Ref: cf RIC 311 for type but different obverse inscription; BnF pg. 398; RIC V,1 online T-2715; Emission 7 (April-November 274)
Notes: This obverse die is a match to RIC V,1 online T-2723 Medusa-head example.
3 commentsgordian_guy
2014-096-2_AurelianSisciaFortunaReduxFortuna-Forum.jpg
2014.096.227 viewsSiscia, 6.25 g; 1h

Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG; Radiated, cuirassed bust right, seen from back.
Reverse: FORTVNA - REDVS; -/-//*T; Fortuna, seated left on a wheel, holding rudder in right and cornucopia in left.
Ref: RIC 220; Estiot LV 6143-6173; BnF XII, 738-740; LV 1046; RIC V,1 online T-2061;
gordian_guy
Denario_Domitian_RIC_596_1_Fourree.jpg
21-02 - DOMICIANO (81 - 96 D.C.) 47 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA, puede estar acuñado con un anverso anterior, si vemos el espacio entre la terminación de la leyenda visible TR P y el pecho del emperador vemos que no hay espacio para que entre VIII, que sería la leyenda de anverso de las monedas acuñadas en el 88 D.C.
Denario Forrado 18x17 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAES DOMIT AVG - GERM P M TR P [VIII]" - Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC" – Heraldo vistiendo gorro emplumado avanzando a izquierda, portando vara en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y escudo redondo decorado, su centro, con un busto de Minerva.
Para Cohen el Heraldo podría ser un sacerdote Salian (Saltador) de la antigua Roma. Esta moneda es parte de la extensa emisión que se realizó en Roma conmemorando los Juegos Seculares en el otoño del 88 D.C.

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión 88 D.C.
Ceca: No Oficial
Rareza: Rara

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #117 Pag.168 – RIC2 #596 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2723 Pag.494 - BMCRE Vol.2 #131 - Cohen Vol.1 #76 Pag.476 - DVM #19 Pag.110 - CBN #120 - RSC Vol. II #76/77 Pag.64
mdelvalle
Denario DOMITIANO RIC139_1.jpg
21-03 - DOMICIANO (81 - 96 D.C.)54 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 2.3 gr.

Anv: "[IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GE]RM P M TR P VIII" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS P P P" - Minerva de pié a izquierda, sosteniendo rayo/trueno en mano derecha, jabalina en izquierda y escudo a sus piés detrás.

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión 88 - 89 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #139 Pag.170 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2732 Pag.495 - BMCRE #153 - Cohen Vol.1 #251 Pag.493 - DVM #39/2 Pag.111 - CBN #147 - RSC Vol. II #251 Pag.68
mdelvalle
RIC_92_Denario_Forrado_Domiciano.jpg
21-03 - DOMICIANO (81 - 96 D.C.) 16 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA,
Híbrido realizado con cuños que al datarlos por los títulos que ostentaba el Emperador, nos dan dos fechas distintas, a saber: 93 D.C. para el cuño del anverso y 87 D.C. para el del reverso.
Denario Forrado 18 mm 2.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAES DOMIT AVG - GERM P M TR P XIII" - Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
[I] El cuño del anverso se puede datar por los títulos del Emperador (TR P XIII – Recibidos sus poderes de Tribuno por décima tercera vez) en el 93 D.C. Un corte de testeo cruza el busto del Emperador, al parecer a alguien en la antigüedad no lo convenció la falsificación
Rev: "IMP XIIII COS XIII CENS P P P" – Minerva de pié a derecha sobre la proa de una galera, blandiendo una jabalina con mano derecha y portando escudo en la izquierda.
El cuño del reverso se puede datar por los títulos del Emperador (IMP XIIII COS XIII) en el 87 D.C.

Acuñada Con posterioridad al 93 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: Anverso copiado de los utilizados en las emisiones correspondientes a los años 93 y 94 D.C., y el reverso imitando al RIC Vol.II #92 Pag.165 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2730 Pag.495 - BMCRE Vol.2 #103 - Cohen Vol.1 #218 Pag.490 - DVM #19 Pag.110 - CBN #104 - RSC Vol. II #218 Pag.67
mdelvalle
Denario_Domitiano_RIC_92_176_Fourree.jpg
21-04 - DOMICIANO (81 - 96 D.C.) 46 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA,
Híbrido realizado con cuños que al datarlos por los títulos que ostentaba el Emperador, nos dan dos fechas distintas, a saber: 93 D.C. para el cuño del anverso y 87 D.C. para el del reverso.
Denario Forrado 18 mm 2.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAES DOMIT AVG - GERM P M TR P XIII" - Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
[I] El cuño del anverso se puede datar por los títulos del Emperador (TR P XIII – Recibidos sus poderes de Tribuno por décima tercera vez) en el 93 D.C. Un corte de testeo cruza el busto del Emperador, al parecer a alguien en la antigüedad no lo convenció la falsificación
Rev: "IMP XIIII COS XIII CENS P P P" – Minerva de pié a derecha sobre la proa de una galera, blandiendo una jabalina con mano derecha y portando escudo en la izquierda.
El cuño del reverso se puede datar por los títulos del Emperador (IMP XIIII COS XIII) en el 87 D.C.

Acuñada Con posterioridad al 93 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: Anverso copiado de los utilizados en las emisiones correspondientes a los años 93 y 94 D.C., y el reverso imitando al RIC Vol.II #92 Pag.165 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2730 Pag.495 - BMCRE Vol.2 #103 - Cohen Vol.1 #218 Pag.490 - DVM #19 Pag.110 - CBN #104 - RSC Vol. II #218 Pag.67
mdelvalle
RIC_117_Denario_Forrado_Domiciano.jpg
21-05 - DOMICIANO (81 - 96 D.C.) 19 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA, puede estar acuñado con un anverso anterior, si vemos el espacio entre la terminación de la leyenda visible TR P y el pecho del emperador vemos que no hay espacio para que entre VIII, que sería la leyenda de anverso de las monedas acuñadas en el 88 D.C.
Denario Forrado 18x17 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAES DOMIT AVG - GERM P M TR P [VIII]" - Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC" – Heraldo vistiendo gorro emplumado avanzando a izquierda, portando vara en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y escudo redondo decorado, su centro, con un busto de Minerva.
Para Cohen el Heraldo podría ser un sacerdote Salian (Saltador) de la antigua Roma. Esta moneda es parte de la extensa emisión que se realizó en Roma conmemorando los Juegos Seculares en el otoño del 88 D.C.

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión 88 D.C.
Ceca: No Oficial
Rareza: Rara

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #117 Pag.168 – RIC2 #596 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2723 Pag.494 - BMCRE Vol.2 #131 - Cohen Vol.1 #76 Pag.476 - DVM #19 Pag.110 - CBN #120 - RSC Vol. II #76/77 Pag.64
mdelvalle
RIC_139_Denario_Domiciano.jpg
21-07 - DOMICIANO (81 - 96 D.C.)17 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 2.3 gr.

Anv: "[IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GE]RM P M TR P VIII" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS P P P" - Minerva de pié a izquierda, sosteniendo rayo/trueno en mano derecha, jabalina en izquierda y escudo a sus piés detrás.

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión 88 - 89 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #139 Pag.170 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2732 Pag.495 - BMCRE #153 - Cohen Vol.1 #251 Pag.493 - DVM #39/2 Pag.111 - CBN #147 - RSC Vol. II #251 Pag.68
mdelvalle
Domiciano_AS Fortunae_1.jpg
21-13 - DOMICIANO (81 - 96 D.C.)119 viewsAE AS 26 mm 10.5 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XIIII CENS PERP PP" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha con Aegis en el pecho.
Rev: "FORTVNAE AVGVSTI - S C" - Fortuna de pié a izquierda, portando una cornucopia en brazo derecho y un timón en mano izquierda.

Acuñada 88 - 89 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #371 Pag.200 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2805 Pag.504 - BMCRE #416 - Cohen Vol.1 #128 Pag.482 - DVM #103 Pag.114 - CBN #452
2 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_242b_AS_Domiciano.jpg
21-30 - DOMICIANO (81 - 96 D.C.)17 viewsAE AS 27 mm 10.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAES DIVI VESP F DOMITIAN AVG P M" - Busto laureado viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "TR P COS VIII DES VIIII P P - S C" - Minerva avanzando a der. blandiendo una jabalina y portando escudo circular.

Acuñada 82 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #242b var Pag.184 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2815var Pag.505 - BMCRE #281 - Cohen Vol.1 #589 Pag.519 - CBN #290 - DVM #113 Pag.114
mdelvalle
RIC_304a_AS_Domiciano.jpg
21-34 - DOMICIANO (81 - 96 D.C.)19 viewsAE AS 26 mm 9.8 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XI CENS POT PP" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SALVTI / AVGVSTI - S C" - Fachada del Altar con puertas cerradas del Ara Salutis Augusti, con puertas de doble panel.

Acuñada 85 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #304a Pag.192 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2808 Pag.504 - BMCRE #358 - Cohen Vol.1 #418 Pag.506 - DVM #107 Pag.114 - CBN #379
mdelvalle
RIC_371_AS_Domiciano.jpg
21-36 - DOMICIANO (81 - 96 D.C.)21 viewsAE AS 26 mm 10.5 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XIIII CENS PERP PP" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha con Aegis en el pecho.
Rev: "FORTVNAE AVGVSTI - S C" - Fortuna de pié a izquierda, portando una cornucopia en brazo derecho y un timón en mano izquierda.

Acuñada 88 - 89 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #371 Pag.200 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2805 Pag.504 - BMCRE #416 - Cohen Vol.1 #128 Pag.482 - DVM #103 Pag.114 - CBN #452
mdelvalle
AS NERVA RIC 86_1.jpg
23-10 - NERVA (96 - 98 D.C.)62 viewsAE AS 27 mm 11.2 gr.

Anv: "IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS II P P" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "LIBERTAS PVBLICA - S C" - Libertas (La Libertad) de pié a izquierda, portando largo cetro apoyado en brazo izquierdo y Pileus (Gorro de los esclavos) en mano derecha.
Nerva mantuvo siempre que él había "Liberado" a Roma de la tiranía de Domitiano, y restaurado el régimen constitucional.

Acuñada Sep./Dic. 96 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #64 Pag.227 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #3064 Pag.91 - BMCRE p.17,* - Cohen Vol.II #108 Pag.10 - DVM #33 Pag.118 - CBN #85
mdelvalle
RIC_64_AS_Nerva.jpg
23-10 - NERVA (96 - 98 D.C.)16 viewsAE AS 27 mm 11.2 gr.

Anv: "IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS II P P" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "LIBERTAS PVBLICA - S C" - Libertas (La Libertad) de pié a izquierda, portando largo cetro apoyado en brazo izquierdo y Pileus (Gorro de los esclavos) en mano derecha.
Nerva mantuvo siempre que él había "Liberado" a Roma de la tiranía de Domitiano, y restaurado el régimen constitucional.

Acuñada Sep./Dic. 96 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #64 Pag.227 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #3064 Pag.91 - BMCRE p.17,* - Cohen Vol.II #108 Pag.10 - DVM #33 Pag.118 - CBN #85
mdelvalle
RIC_293_AR_Denario_TRAJANO_FORUM_b.jpg
24-05 - TRAJANO (98 - 171 D.C.) 10 viewsAR Denario 21 mm 3,22 gr. 6 hr.

Anv: "IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha, leve ropaje en hombro izquierdo.
Rev: "SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI" - Columna de Trajano

La Columna de Trajano fue la gloria suprema del Foro Traiani, construido con el botín de las Guerras de Dacia. Cubierto por un continuo friso de los acontecimientos de la guerra, la columna fue coronada con una estatua heroica dorada del emperador, mientras que una inscripción en la base relataba la proeza de la ingeniería en la construcción del foro. Después de la muerte de Trajano, la columna se convirtió en el depósito de sus cenizas.

Acuñada 112 - 114 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #293 Pag.264 - RSC Vol.II #558a Pag. 100 - BMCRE #451 Pag.94 - Cohen Vol.II #558 var Pag.76 - DVM #32/30 Pag.121 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #3106 var Pag.98 - Hill #618 - Bauten Roms #50 - MIR #425b - CBN #746
mdelvalle
RIC_665_Dupondio_TRAJANO_foro.jpg
24-26 - TRAJANO (98 - 171 D.C.)39 viewsAE Dupondio
27 mm 11.9 gr. 6 hs.

Anv: "IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P" - Busto radiado y vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PROVIDENTIA[E?] AVGVSTI SPQR - S C" - Providentia (La Providencia), vestida estante a izquierda, señalando con el índice de su mano der. a un globo a sus piés, portando largo cetro en mano izquierda y apoyando su codo en una columna a su izquierda.

Acuñada 114 - 117 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #665 Pag.291 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #3218 Pag.113 - Cohen Vol.II #322 Pag.51 - BMCRE Vol.IV # 1050 Pag.224 (Ver Nota de pié de página) - Hill UCR #732 - Woytek #592v - Strack #471 - BN #925
mdelvalle
SNG_CBN_II_610_Coracesium_Cilicia_Trajano.jpg
24-30 - TRAJANO (98-117 D.C.)11 views CORACESIUM Cilicia

AE 22 mm 8.3 gr

Anv: ”AYTO NEPOYA TPAIANOC” – Cabeza laureada viendo a izquierda.
Rev: ”KOP[AKHCIΩT]ΩN” – Leyenda horaria comenzando frente al rostro - Cabeza de Tyche vistiendo gran corona mural, viendo a derecha.

Acuñada: 98 – 117 D.C.

Referencias: SNG Levante #387; SNG Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France Vol.2 #610-11 - E.Levante, The coinage of Korakesium in Cilicia, NC 1978 #1 Pag.26
mdelvalle
24-Alfred.jpg
24. Alfred.35 viewsPenny, first coinage 871-875, mint ?.
Obverse: +AELBRED REX / bust of Alfred.
Reverse: MON / EALHERE / ETA
Moneyer: Ealhere.
1.21 gm., 19 mm.
North #627; Seaby #1057.

The similarities of the lunnettes coinage of Burgred and the first coinage of Alfred has long been noted. There is evidence of an agreement between Mercia and Wessex to produce a unified coinage in the two states. This agreement was continued by Burgred and Alfred. At the beginning of Alfred's reign in 871, there were just two mints operating in Mercia and Wessex: London and Canterbury. Philip Grierson, in his book Medieval European Coinage: Volume 1, The Early Middle Ages, has Ealhere a moneyer in Canterbury.

A more detailed analysis of Alfred's coinage comes to a different conclusion. The Lunettes Coinage of Alfred the Great by A. W. Lyons & W. A. Mackay (2008, BNJ 78, 4) places this obverse die in Group 2 Mercian Style Lunettes, variant IV: "Horizonal bust." Characteristics: Bust lacks a bonnet, the hair is comprised of several horizontal lines usually ending in pellets and sloping between 45 to 60 degrees. Double-banded diadem surmounted by a crescent. Distinctively cut "wedge" lips. The eye is a small circle with a dot in the center.

The reverse die of this coin is Lunettes type C (illustrated under Burgred in North, p. 67.) However, Table 2B does not show the moneyer Ealhere using reverse type Lunette C. So coins with this die combination were evidentally not known to Lyons & Mackay.

Table 2D, listing all the moneyers of Alfred's Lunette coinage, says Ealhere used obverse dies of Group 1 variant I, and Group 2 variant IV (the obverse die on this coin). Lyons & Mackay suggest that Ealhere was located in central or west Wessex as he used London and Canterbury dies.
Callimachus
891_P_Hadrian_RPC2736.jpg
2736 PAMPHYLIA, Side Hadrian AE 24 Apollo standing8 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2736.2; SNG Pfälzer 654; SNG BN 801 (Var.); SNG Cop. ­; SNG v. Aulock ­; BMC 80

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС
Laureate bust of Hadrian, r., with paludamentum, seen from rear

Rev. СΙΔΗΤωΝ
Apollo Sidetes standing facing, head l., holding pomegranate in his extended r. hand, l. resting on sceptre.

9.35 gr
24 mm
12h

Note.
Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung
Auction 220 lot 1502
okidoki
1043_P_Hadrian_RPC2745.jpg
2745 CILICIA, Coracesium. Hadrian Æ 18 Demeter standing8 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2745; Ziegler -; SNG BN 617; SNG Levante 390.

Obv. ΑΥ ΚΑΙ Τ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС
laureate head of Hadrian, right

Rev. ΚΟΡΑΚΗСΙωΤωΝ
Demeter wearing long chiton standing, l., holding ears of corn over lighted altar in her r. hand, l. resting on lighted torch

4.34 gr
18 mm
12h

Note.
Ex Dr. P. Vogl Collection; ex auction Sternberg 27, lot 436
okidoki
1048_P_Hadrian_RPC2764_2.jpg
2762 CILICIA, Syedra. Hadrian Æ 22 Demeter 6 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2764/2; Ziegler 109; SNG BN -; SNG Levante -; SNG Levante Supp. -

Obv. ΑΥΤΟ ΑΔΡΙΑΝω ΚΑΙСΑΡΙ СΕ
Laureate head of Hadrian, right

Rev. СΥΕΔΡΕωΝ
Demeter seated l., holding ears of corn in her r. hand and lighted torch in left

7.34 gr
22 mm
6h

Note.
Ex Dr. P. Vogl Collection; Hauck and Aufhäuser 20, 16 Oct. 2007, lot 307
okidoki
1046_P_Hadrian_RPC2765.jpg
2765 CILICIA, Syedra. Hadrian Æ 20 Goddess standing6 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2765; Ziegler 111-2 var. (obv. legend); SNG BN 632; SNG Levante 409

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС ΚΑΙСΑ.
Laureate and cuirassed bust right.

Rev. СΥЄΔΡЄωΝ.
Goddess wearing long chiton standing facing, head l., holding patera in her r. hand and resting with l. on sceptre

5.44 gr
20 mm
12h

Note.
Ex Dr. P. Vogl Collection; ex auction Numismatik Lanz 44, lot 283
okidoki
369_P_Hadrian.jpg
2767 CILICIA, Syedra. Hadrian, Goddess standing46 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2767; SNG BN 632 var. (position of rev. legend); SNG Levante 409 var.

Obv. AYTO AΔPIANOC KAIC
Laureate and cuirassed bust right

Rev. CYE-ΔP/Εω-Ν
Goddess wearing long chiton standing facing, head l., holding patera in r. hand, l. resting on sceptre

3.71 gr
17 mm
12h

Note.
Ex Malloy collection.
1 commentsokidoki
1047_P_Hadrian_RPC-.jpg
2768A CILICIA, Syedra. Hadrian Æ 17 Artemis standing7 viewsReference.
RPC III -; Ziegler -; SNG BN -; SNG Levante -; SNG Levante Supp. -; Asia Minor Coins online -; apparently unpublished.

Obv. ΑΥΤOKPA ΑΔΡΙΑИΟС.
Laureate and cuirassed bust right.

Rev. СYЄ - ΔΡЄ.
Artemis standing left, holding pomegranate and sceptre.

4.45 gr
17 mm
6h

Note.
Ex Dr. P. Vogl Collection; ex auction Künker 20, lot 206 October 1991
okidoki
1045_P_Hadrian_RPC-.jpg
3189A CILICIA, Lamus. Hadrian Æ 30 Eagle standing8 viewsReference
RPC III, --; Ziegler -; SNG BN -; SNG Levante -; SNG Levante Supp. -; apparently unpublished.

Obv.
Laureate head right.

Rev. ΛΑΜ ΜΗ[ ] ΤΗС ΛΑΜ
Eagle standing facing, head left, with wreath in beak and wings spread.

9.23 gr
30 mm

Note.
Ex Dr. P. Vogl Collection; ex Bankhaus Aufhäuser 29.07.1994
okidoki
1042_P_Hadrian_RPC3193.jpg
3193 CILICIA, Antioch ad Cragum. Hadrian Æ 18 Eagle standing9 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3193; Ziegler -; SNG BN -; SNG Levante -; SNG Levante Supp. -; SNG Leypold 2315.

Obv. ΑΥ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС
Laureate head of Hadrian, right

Rev. ΑΝΤΙΟΧΕωΝ ΠΑΡΑΛΙΟΥ
Eagle over altar to r., with wings spread, head left

3.28 gr
18 mm
6h

Note.
Ex Dr. P. Vogl Collection; ex Bankhaus Aufhäuser 05.09.1991
okidoki
1049_P_Hadrian_RPC3206.jpg
3206 CILICIA, Titiopolis. Hadrian Æ 21 Hermes standing10 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3206=Krengel coll.; Ziegler -; SNG BN -; SNG Levante -; SNG Levante Supp. -; Levante —

Obverse inscription ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС ΚΑΙСΑΡ
Laureate head of Hadrian, right

Rev. ΤΙΤΙΟΠΟΛΙΤωΝ
Hermes standing l., holding purse and caduceus

5.61 gr
21 mm
12h

Note.
Ex Dr. P. Vogl Collection; ex Bankhaus Aufhäuser
okidoki
1215_P_Hadrian_RPC3259_18.jpg
3259 CILICIA, Tarsus Hadrian Tridrachm 117-18 AD Tyche14 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3259.18; Prieur 759; SNG BN 1405-6; SNG Levante –;

Issue First group

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΘΕ ΤΡ ΠΑΡ ΥΙ ΘΕ ΝΕΡ ΥΙ ΤΡ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r.; fillet border

Rev. ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΕωС (around) ΤΑΡ/СΕωΝ (in field l.)
Tyche of the City, turreted and veiled, seated, l., on diphros, holding palm and cornucopia; at her feet, river-god Kydnos, crowned with sedge, swimming, right

10.26 gr
26 mm
12h

Note.
From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Garth Drewry Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 69, 8 June 2005), lot 1137
2 commentsokidoki
RPC_4236_Anfipolis_Marco_Aurelio.jpg
33-49 - MARCO AURELIO como Cesar de Antonino Pio (139 - 161 D.C.)17 viewsANFÍPOLIS - Macedonia

AE 18 mm 5.5 gr

Anv: ”[OVHPOC KA]ICAP” – Cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN” – Artemisa estante de frente viendo a izq. portando larga antorcha en mano derecha.

Acuñada: 147 – 161 D.C.

Referencias: RPC IV #4236 - BMC V #106 - BN Paris #514 - Lingren #993 var. - AMNG III #82 var. - Varbanov #3215
mdelvalle
RPC_6860_Cesaria_Marco_Aurelio.jpg
33-52 - MARCO AURELIO (161 - 180 D.C.)15 viewsCESARIA en Capadocia
(Hoy Kayseri en Turquía)

AE 22 mm 6.4 gr

Anv: ”[AYTOK AN]-TWNEINOC CEB” – Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: ”KAICAPEWN TΠPAPΓAIW” – Monte Argeo (Argaeus), hoy es el volcán Erciyes.

Acuñada: 161-180 D.C.

Referencias: RPC IV #6860 - BMC XX #181 - BN Paris #452-3 - Sydenham #337 - S.M.Münich #49-52
mdelvalle
1224_P_Hadrian_Pseudo_RPC3303.jpg
3303 CILICIA, Tarsus, Pseudo-autonomous under Hadrian, Perseus standing22 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3303; SNG BN 1437-41;

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΗϹ ΤΑΡϹΕΩΝ
Head of bearded Heracles r., crowned with oak-leaves, club on l. shoulder

Rev. ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΕΩϹ
Perseus, wearing winged sandals, standing, l., holding cult statue of Apollo holding wolves in r. hand, chlamys and harpe in l.; at his feet, lion, l., attacking bull kneeling, l.; in field, l., ΒΟΗ/ΘΟΥ disposed either vertically, either horizontally

16.01 gr
30 mm
12h
3 commentsokidoki
1214_P_Hadrian_RPC3360_6.jpg
3360 CILICIA, Mopsus Hadrian Tetradrachm, Sabina20 viewsReference.
Prieur –; SNG BN –; SNG Levante –; RPC III 3360.6 (this coin, illustrated on pl. 152)

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΘΕ ΤΡΑ ΠΑΡ ΥΙ ΘΕ ΝΕΡ ΥΙ ΤΡ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟϹ Ϲ, Π Π (in field)
laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., with paludamentum

Rev. ϹΑΒΕΙΝΑ ϹΕΒ ΑΔΡΙ ΜΟΨΕΑΤωΝ ΠΟΛΕωϹ
Draped bust of Sabina as Artemis on crescent, r. with stephane and quiver on shoulder

Note.
From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Robert O. Ebert Collection.

13.15 gr
27 mm
6h
3 commentsokidoki
VHC34-coin.JPG
34- INDIA (BRITISH), 1/12 ANNA, KM483, (1901-C).26 viewsSize: 17.5 mm. Composition: Copper. Mintage: 21,345,000.
Grade: NGC MS62 BN (Cert. # 3260363-003).
Comments: Purchased slabbed on eBay, sold, and later bought back when I found it harder to replace than anticipated.
lordmarcovan
RPC_5773_Cirrus_Siria_Lucio_Vero.jpg
35-50 - LUCIO VERO Co-Emperador con Marco Aurelio (161 - 169 D.C.)15 viewsCYRRHUS Siria Cyrrhestica

AE 25 mm 9.2 gr

Anv: ”AVT KΛ AVPHΛOY HPOC CEB” – Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: ”ΔIOC KATEBATOY KYPPHCTΩN” – Zeus Kataibates sentado sobre piedras, portando un rayo en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido sobre una águila y largo cetro vertical en la izquierda.

Acuñada: 161 – 169 D.C.

Referencias: SNG II #2656-9 - RPC IV online #5773 - BMC #19-24 - SNG Cop. #47 - BN Paris #1641-3.
mdelvalle
RPC_7152_Antioquia_ad_Orontes_Lucio_Vero.jpg
35-52 - LUCIO VERO Co-Emperador con Marco Aurelio (161 - 169 D.C.)7 viewsANTIOQUIA en Orontes - Seleucis y Pieria - Siria

AE 22 mm 11.6 gr

Anv: ”AVT KΛ AVPHΛ OVHPOC CEB” – Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: ”S C” - IB debajo, todo dentro de una guirnalda.

Acuñada: 161 – 169 D.C.

Referencias: SNG Cambridge #5891 - RPC I #7152 - BN Paris #550 - SNG II #3001 - McAllee #10 - Mionnet V #443.
mdelvalle
BNP_1644_Cirrus_Siria_Comodo.jpg
37-50 - COMODO Co-Emperador con Marco Aurelio (177 - 180 D.C.)14 viewsCYRRHUS Siria Cyrrhestica

AE 25 mm 9.7 gr

Anv: ”ΑVΤΟΚ ΛΟ ΑVΡ ΚΟΜΟΔΟС” – Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: ”ΔIOC KATEBATOV KVPPHCTΩN A” – Zeus Kataibates sentado sobre piedras, portando un rayo en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido sobre una águila y largo cetro vertical en la izquierda.

Acuñada: 177 – 180 D.C.

Referencias: RPC IV online #5778 - BMC #29 - BN Paris #1644
mdelvalle
VHC40-coin.JPG
40- STRAITS SETTLEMENTS (MALAYSIA), 1/4 CENT, KM14.29 viewsSize: 21.5 mm approx. Composition: Bronze. Mintage: 2,000,000.
Grade: NGC MS62 BN (Cert.# 4080257-015).
Comments: Purchased raw from Tony Fein through VCoins, 11/22/09.
lordmarcovan
pergamum_RPC_2374.jpg
41-60 AD - Semi-Autonomous AE15 of Pergamum - struck under the time of the Claudians75 viewsobv: PEON CYNKLHTON (youthful draped bust of the Roman Senate right)
rev: PEAN PWMHN (turreted and draped bust of Roma right)
ref: RPC 2374, SNG BN Paris 1964
mint: Pergamum, Mysia (40-60 AD)
4.03gms, 15mm
Rare

Pergamum was not conquered by the Romans. In 133 B.C. Attalus III, its last king, bequeathed Pergamum to the Romans and this granted to the city and its inhabitants the continued benevolence of the new rulers (with the only exception being Marcus Antonius who deprived the Library of Pergamum of many of its volumes to replenish that of Alexandria, which had been damaged by Julius Caesar).
berserker
Gordian-III-RIC-039-rev.jpg
56. Gordian III / RIC 39, detail.52 viewsA close-up of Virtus from the reverse side of the previous coin.
After you click on the small thumbnail picture, click on the larger picture to get a much larger photo, 616 X 921 pixels.
2 commentsCallimachus
Denario_Aureliano_RIC_73.jpg
96-01 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)59 viewsDenario de bellón 18x19 mm, 2.40 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELI-ANVS AVG", busto laureado y vistiendo coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VICTORIA AVG", Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando corona de laureles en mano der. y hoja de Palma en izquierda. "B" = 2da.Off. en campo izquierdo, "VSV" en exergo. Mattingly uno de los autores del RIC lo interpreta como la abreviación de "usualis" lo que marcaría a estas monedas como la norma de unidad monetaria de cuenta, es decir como un denario.

Acuñada: 274 a 275 D.C.
Ceca: Roma 2da.Off.
Rareza: S (Escasa)

Referencias: RIC Vol.Va #71 Pag.273, Cohen Vol.VI #250 Pag.203, Sear Vol.III #11640 Pag.432, CBN #185, MIR #135
mdelvalle
RIC_71_Denario_Aureliano.jpg
96-01 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)8 viewsDenario de vellón 18x19 mm, 2.40 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELI-ANVS AVG", busto laureado y vistiendo coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VICTORIA AVG", Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando corona de laureles en mano der. y hoja de Palma en izquierda. "B" = 2da.Off. en campo izquierdo, "VSV" en exergo. Mattingly uno de los autores del RIC lo interpreta como la abreviación de "usualis" lo que marcaría a estas monedas como la norma de unidad monetaria de cuenta, es decir como un denario.

Acuñada: 10ma. Emisión Finales de 274 D.C.
Ceca: Roma 2da.Off.

Referencias: RIC Va #71 (S) P.273, RIC2 Temp #1798, Cohen VI #250 P.203, Sear Vol.III #11640 P.432, CBN #185, MIR #135f, BNC Paris #71
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RIC_73_Denario_Aureliano.jpg
96-02 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)10 viewsDenario de vellón 19 mm, 2.70 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELI-ANVS AVG", busto laureado y vistiendo coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VICTORIA AVG", Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando corona de laureles en mano der. y hoja de Palma en izquierda. "Γ" = 2da.Off. en exergo.

Acuñada: 11ava. Emisión inicio a sep. de 275 D.C.
Ceca: Roma 3ra.Off.

Referencias: RIC Va #73 (C) P.273, RIC2 Temp #1856, Cohen VI #256 P.203, Sear RCTV III #11643 P.432, CBN #240,259,265,283, MIR #139f, Hunter p.cix, BNC Paris #265
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RIC_64_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-03 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)6 viewsAE Antoniniano 22 mm 4.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "ORIENS AVG" - Sol radiado y desnudo, su manto sobre hombro izquierdo, avanzando hacia derecha y portando una rama de olivo en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y un arco en la izquierda, pisa con su pié izquierdo un cautivo que levanta su mano. "XXIR" en exergo y "Γ" en campo izquierdo.

Acuñada 11ava.Emisión Inicio - sep. 275 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off. 3ra.)

Referencias: RIC Va #64 (C) P.272, RIC2 Temp #1817, Sear RCTV '88 #3262, Sear RCTV III #11569 P.425, Cohen VI #159 P.192, DVM #18 P.257, Göbl#130 f1 - La Venera 1167/1203, CBN #188/217, BNC Paris #192/4
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Antoniniano Aureliano RIC 128.jpg
96-04 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)37 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "FORTVNA REDVX" - Fortuna sentada a izquierda, portando un timón en la mamo de su brazo derecho extendido y cornucopia en izquierda. Debajo de su silla una rueda. "Q" en exergo.

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión Otoño 271 - Otoño 272 D.C.
Ceca: Mediolanum (Off. 4ta.) - Milan Italia

Referencias: RIC Va #128 (C) P.279, RIC 2 Temp.#1473, Sear RCTV III #11539 P.423, Sear RCTV '88 #3259, Cohen VI #95 P.186, DVM #10 P.257, Göbl#66 c4, La Venera 2061/2125, CBN #477, MIR #16,
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RIC_128_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-04 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)11 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "FORTVNA REDVX" - Fortuna sentada a izquierda, portando un timón en la mamo de su brazo derecho extendido y cornucopia en izquierda. Debajo de su silla una rueda. "Q" en exergo.

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión Otoño 271 - Otoño 272 D.C.
Ceca: Mediolanum (Off. 4ta.) - Milan Italia

Referencias: RIC Va #128 (C) P.279, RIC 2 Temp.#1473, Sear RCTV III #11539 P.423, Sear RCTV '88 #3259, Cohen VI #95 P.186, DVM #10 P.257, Göbl#66 c4, La Venera 2061/2125, CBN #477, MIR #16, Hunter p.cx
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RIC_260_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-05 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)9 viewsAE Antoniniano 22 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha. En el pecho del Emperador, sobre su coraza puede verse claramente grabada a SOL (corona radiada, conduciendo la cuadriga con la mano izquierda y levantando la izquierda). Existe 1 ejemplar http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coinview/2620/-1942304456?q=Aurelianus+antoniniani+IOVI+CONSER+Serdica&page=2&mod=result&x=0&y=0&hpp=50&from=quick&ancre=type-specimen.
Rev: "IOVI CON-SER", Emperador laureado y con vestimenta militar a la izquierda, vuelto a la derecha, portando un cetro en mano derecha extiende la izquierda para recibir un Globo que le presenta Júpiter, desnudo, con su manto cayendo desde su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en la mano izquierda. "S" en exergo.

Acuñada 4ta. Emision (Finales del 273 al principio del 274 D.C.)
Ceca: Serdica (Off. 2da.)

Referencias: RIC Va #260 (C) P.279, Sear2 Temp.#2620, Sear RCTV III #11542 P.423, Sear RCTV '88 #3260, Cohen VI #105 P.187, DVM #12 P.257, CBN #1005, MIR #243m, BNC Paris p.395, Göbl #243m, La Venera 9867
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RIC_135_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-06 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)8 viewsAE Antoniniano 21 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "ORIENS AVG" - Sol radiado y desnudo, su manto sobre hombro izquierdo, de pié a derecha, levanta su mano derecha portando un globo en izquierda. A sus piés un prisionero sentado con sus manos atadas a la espalda. "S" en exergo.

Acuñada 5ta. Emisión - Período 1ro.- Primavera de 274 D.C.
Ceca: Mediolanum (Off. 2da.) - Milan Italia

Referencias: RIC Va #135 (C) P.280, RIC2 Temp #1509, Cohen VI #142 P.190, DVM #15 P.257, Göbl#67 a2, La Venera. 4611/37, BNC #544/5
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RIC_139_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-08 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)8 viewsAE Antoniniano 24 x 21 mm 3.5 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: ""RES[T]ITVT O-RBIS" - Mujer (Pax?) de pié a derecha presenta una corona al Emperador de pié a der. viendo a izquierda, laureado con hábito militar y portando lanza en mano izquierda. "P" en exergo.

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión Fin 272 - Comienzo 274 D.C.
Ceca: Mediolanum (Off. 1ra.) - Milan Italia

Referencias: RIC Va #139 (C) P.280, RIC2 Temp #1493, Sear RCTV '88 #3265, Cohen VI #192 P.196, DVM #23a P.258, La Venera. 3705/3801, BNC #495/499
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RIC_151_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-09 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)7 viewsAE Antoniniano (Cospel recortado perimetralmente ó acuñado en cospel de denario) 18 mm 1.4 gr.

Anv: "IM[P C AVREL]IANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "ORIE[NS AVG]" – Sol radiado desnudo con su manto sobre el hombro izquierdo, caminando hacia la izquierda, levantando su brazo derecho extendido y sosteniendo un globo en la mano izquierda. A ambos lados dos prisioneros sentados y con sus manos atadas. El sol apoya su pié derecho en las ataduras del prisionero ubicado a su derecha. "QXXT" en exergo.

Acuñada 2da. Emisión Jun/Sept. 274 D.C.
Ceca: Ticinum (Off. 4ta.) - Pavia Italia

Referencias: RIC Va #151 (C) P.281, RIC2 Temp.#1535, Cohen VI #153 P.191, Göbl#72 a4, La Venera. 5065/5165, DVM #14 var.P.257, BNC #597/9, Hunter #62
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RIC_213_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-10 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)11 viewsAE Antoniniano 22 x 20 mm 3.4 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA AVG" - Concordia vestida sentada a izquierda, portando una Patera en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y doble cornucopia en izquierda. "*T" en exergo.

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión Primavera/invierno 271 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off. 3ra.) - Sisak Croacia.

Referencias: RIC Va #213 (C) P.288, RIC2 Temp.#2055, Sear RCTV III #11517 P.421 (Milan), Sear RCTV '88 #3265, Cohen VI #32 P.180, CBN #734, MIR #2021, DVM #6 var P.257, Hunter p.cxiii, Göbl#202 l3, La Venera 6241/54, BNC #735/7
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RIC_120_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-11 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)7 viewsAE Antoniniano 22 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" – Emperador laureado y con toga de pié a derecha, le da su mano a Concordia/Severina vestida de pié a izquierda. "S" en exergo.

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión Otoño 271 – Otoño 272 D.C.
Ceca: Milan (Off. 2ra.)

Referencias: RIC Va #120 (C) P.278, Sear RCTV III #11522 P.421, Sear RCTV '88 #3265, Cohen VI #61 P.183, DVM #7 P.257, CBN #455, MIR#48, Hunter #39, Göbl#60 c2, La Venera 2426/2623, BNC Paris #455/462
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RIC_216_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-11 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)8 viewsAE Antoniniano 21 x 24 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" – Emperador laureado y con toga de pié a derecha, le da su mano a Concordia/Severina vestida de pié a izquierda. "S*" en exergo.

Acuñada 6ta. Emisión Otoño 272 – Inicios 274 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off. 2da.) - Sisak Croacia.

Referencias: RIC Va #216 (C) P.288, RIC2 Temp.#2193, Sear RCTV III #11522 var. (Exergo, Milan) P.421, Sear RCTV '88 #3265, Cohen VI #63 Pag.183, DVM #7 P.257 – Göbl#213 m2 - La Venera. 7339/7427, BNC #816/7
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RIC_216_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano_1.jpg
96-12 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)9 viewsAE Antoniniano 23 x 22 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORD[IA MI]LITVM" – Emperador laureado y con toga de pié a derecha, le da su mano a Concordia/Severina vestida de pié a izquierda. "*P" en exergo.

Acuñada 6ta. Emisión Otoño 272 – Inicios 274 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off. 1ra.) - Sisak Croacia.

Referencias: RIC Va #216 P.288, RIC2 Temp.#2173, Sear RCTV III #11522 P.421, Sear RCTV '88 #3265, Cohen VI #61 var P.183, DVM #7 P.257, Göbl#213 I1, La Venera. 7150/94, BNC #808/9
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RIC_216_1_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-13 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)10 viewsAE Antoniniano 23 x 22 mm 3.5 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" – Emperador laureado y con toga de pié a derecha, le da su mano a Concordia/Severina vestida de pié a izquierda. "*T" en exergo.

Acuñada 6ta. Emisión Otoño 272 – Inicios 274 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off. 3ra.) - Sisak Croacia.

Referencias: RIC Va #216 P.288, RIC Va #216 P.288, RIC2 Temp.#2206, Sear RCTV III #11522 var P.421, Sear RCTV '88 #3265, Cohen VI #61 P.183, DVM #7 P.257, Göbl#213 I3, La Venera. 7440/510, BNC #819/822
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RIC_232_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-17 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)9 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 x 18 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado, acoraz. y vestido con paludamentum, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[PA]X AVGVST[I]" – Emperador laureado y con toga de pié a derecha, le da su mano a Concordia/Severina vestida de pié a izquierda. "*" en campo izquierdo y "T" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión Otoño 271 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off. 3ra.) - Sisak Croacia.

Referencias: RIC Va #232 (C) P.290, Sear RCTV III #11581 P.426, Sear RCTV '88 #3265, Cohen Vol.VI #169 P.193, Göbl#190 c4, CBN #849, MIR #216/7, Hunter p.cxiii, La Venera 6359/62, BNC Paris #754
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RIC_244_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-19 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)5 viewsAE Antoniniano 21 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" – Emperador laureado y con toga de pié a derecha, le da su mano a Concordia/Severina vestida de pié a izquierda. "·" en campo centro y "XXIVI" en exergo.

Acuñada 9na. Emisión Fase 1 Otoño 274 a Primavera 275 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off. 6ta.) - Sisak Croacia.

Referencias: RIC Va #244 (C) P.292, RIC2 Temp.#2389, Sear RCTV III #11523 P.421, Sear RCTV '88 #3265, Cohen VI #60 P.182/3, DVM #7 P.257, Göbl#229 c6, La Venera 8623/54, BNC Paris #926, Hunter #89, CBN #926, MIR #229
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RIC_244_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano_1.jpg
96-19a - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)8 viewsAE Antoniniano 22 mm 2.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" – Emperador laureado y con toga de pié a derecha, le da su mano a Concordia/Severina vestida de pié a izquierda. "V*" en exergo.

Acuñada 7ma. Emisión Fase 2 Primavera 274 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off. 5ta.) - Sisak Croacia.

Referencias: RIC Va #244 P.292, Sear RCTV '88 #3265, Cohen VI #60 Pag.182/3, DVM #7 P.257, Göbl#214 a5, La Venera 7941/64, BNC #850/1
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RIC_345_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-22 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)8 viewsAE Antoniniano 23 x 20 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GENIVS EXERCITI" – Genio desnudo, vistiendo Modius en la cabeza, de pié a izquierda, portando una Patera en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y una cornucopia en izquierda. Detrás de Él un estandarte militar .

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión Fin 271 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzicus (1ra.Off) - Balkiz Turquía.

Referencias: RIC Va #345 P.304, RIC2 Temp.#2923, Sear RCTV III #11540 P.423, Cohen VI #100 P.186, CBN #1113, MIR #315, Hunter #121corr., Göbl#315 a0, La Venera 10080/90, BNC Paris #1115/31
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RIC_342_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-25 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)7 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIA[NVS AVG]" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[CO]NCORD MILIT" – Emperador laureado y con vestimenta militar a la izquierda, vuelto a la derecha, portando un cetro en mano derecha extiende la izquierda para recibir un Globo que le presenta Júpiter, desnudo, con su manto cayendo desde su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en la mano izquierda. "*C*" en exergo..

Acuñada 2do. Período, 5ta.Emisión Temprano-verano 272 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzicus (2da.Off) - Balkiz Turquía.

Referencias: RIC Va #342 (S) P.303, Sear RCTV III #11514 P.420, Cohen VI #23 Pag.182/3, DVM #7 P.257, Göbl#322 ac, CBN #1157, MIR #322, La Venera #10168/207, BNCParis #1157/9
mdelvalle
RIC_352_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-26 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)9 viewsAE Antoniniano 21 x 24 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SAECVLI FELICITAS" - Emperador laureado con vestimenta militar, de pié de frente viendo a derecha, portando una lanza transversal en mano derecha y globo en la mano del brazo izquierdo extendido.

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión Fin 271 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzicus - Balkiz Turquía.

Referencias: RIC Va #352 (C) P.305, RIC2 Temp.#2925, Sear RCTV III #11605 P.429, Cohen VI #223 P.200, Göbl#316 a0, CBN #1137, Hunter p.cxvii, La Venera. 10093/105, BNC Paris #1137/49, Normanby #1284
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RIC_348_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-30 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)5 viewsAE Antoniniano 23 x 20 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y acoraz., viendo a derecha.
Rev: "RESTITVT[·]ORBIS" - Pax/Orbis Terrarum de pié a derecha presenta una corona al Emperador,con hábito militar y portando lanza en mano izquierda, de pié a izquierda. "A" en exergo.

Acuñada 2da. Emisión Otoño 272 - Inicio 273 D.C.
Ceca: Incierta Ceca Balcánica (Off.1ra.).

Referencias: RIC Va #399 P.310, RIC2 Temp.#2514, Cohen VI #192 P.196, DVM #23a P.258, La Venera 9360/9479, BNC #977/80
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Antoniniano Aureliano RIC 348.jpg
96-30 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)34 viewsAE Antoniniano 23 x 20 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y acoraz., viendo a derecha.
Rev: "RESTITVT[·]ORBIS" - Pax/Orbis Terrarum de pié a derecha presenta una corona al Emperador,con hábito militar y portando lanza en mano izquierda, de pié a izquierda. "A" en exergo.

Acuñada 2da. Emisión Otoño 272 - Inicio 273 D.C.
Ceca: Incierta Ceca Balcánica (Off.1ra.).

Referencias: RIC Va #399 P.310, RIC2 Temp.#2514, Cohen VI #192 P.196, DVM #23a P.258, La Venera 9360/9479, BNC #977/80
mdelvalle
RIC_6_Denario_Severina.jpg
97-02 - SEVERINA (Augusta 274 - 275 D.C.)9 viewsEsposa de Aureliano, lo acompañaba en sus campañas.

AE Denario o Medio Antoniniano 19 mm 1.70 gr.

Anv: "SEVERI - NA AVG" - Busto con diadema, vestido, viendo a derecha (L5).
Rev: "VEN - V - S - FELIX" – Venus de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, portando una figura (Cupido?) en manoderecha extendida y un largo cetro vertical en la izquierda. "Γ" en exergo.

Acuñada: 11ava. Emisión, Inicio a Setiembre 275 D.C.
Ceca: Roma Italia (Off. 3ra.)

Referencias: RIC Va #6 P.316, RIC2 Temp.#1857, Sear RCTV '88 #3287, Sear RCTV III #11710 P.440, Cohen VI #14 P.211 (3f), DVM #6 P.258, Göbl#141 t3, CBN #266, Hunter #1, La Venera 1504/6
mdelvalle
RIC_20_Doble_Antoniniano_Severina.jpg
97-04 - SEVERINA (Augusta 274 - 275 D.C.)10 viewsEsposa de Aureliano, lo acompañaba en sus campañas.

Vellón Antoniniano 23 mm 3.70 gr.
Totalmente plateado

Anv: "SEVERINA AVG" - Busto con diadema, vestido, viendo a derecha, sobre una medialuna (L15).
Rev: "CONCORDIAE MILITVM" – Concordia de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, portando un estandarte militar en cada mano. "XXI" en exergo y "P" en campo izquierdo.

Acuñada: Sexta Emisión, Inicio a Setiembre 275 D.C.
Ceca: Antioquía – Hoy Antakya -Turquía (Off. 1ra.)

Referencias: RIC Va #20 (C) P.318, RIC2 Temp.#3187, Sear RCTV III @11706 var.(Ley.anv.), Sear RCTV (1988) #3285 var., Cohen VI #7 P.210 (2f), DVM #4 P.258, Göbl#383-a1, BNC #1347/9, Hunter #32
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RIC_158v_Doble_Antoniniano_Tacito.jpg
99-02 - TACITO (Nov./275 - Jul./276 D.C.)4 viewsAE Antoniniano 22 x 20 mm 3.4 gr.

Anv: "IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SALVS AVG" - Salus (La Salud) sentada a izquierda, vestida, portando una Patera en la mano del brazo derecha, con la que alimenta a una serpiente enrollada en un altar. Con la mano izquierda acaricia la serpiente. "T" en exergo.

Acuñada 1ra. Emisión Nov./Dic. 275 D.C.
Ceca: Ticinum (Off.3ra.) - Pavia Italia.

Referencias: RIC Va #158 var P.342, RIC2 Temp.#3368, Cohen VI #124 P.233, SEar RCTV III #11809 P.453, Sear RCTV '88 #3311 var., DVM #14 P.259, La Venera.1307/28, BNC #1653/4
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RIC_116_Doble_Antoniniano_Floriano_1.jpg
A100-01 - FLORIANO (Abril - Jul. 276 D.C.)11 viewsAE Antoniniano 22 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "IMP FLORIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" - Victoria de pié a derecha, portando una hoja de palma en mano izquierda, ofrenda, con la mano del brazo derecho extendido, una corona al Emperador con vestimentas militares, de pié a izquierda y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "P" en exergo.

Acuñada 1ra. Emisión Jul./Ago. 276 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzicus (Off.1ra.) - Balkiz Turquía.

Referencias: RIC Va #116 (S) P.360, RIC2 Temp.#4526, Sear RCTV III #11853 P.458, Cohen VI #15 P.16/7, DVM #6 P.260, BNC Paris #1979 #1977/8, CBN #1979, Hunter #20
mdelvalle
RIC_116_Doble_Antoniniano_Floriano.jpg
A100-02 - FLORIANO (Abril - Jul. 276 D.C.)9 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP FLORIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" - Victoria de pié a derecha, portando una hoja de palma en mano izquierda, ofrenda, con la mano del brazo derecho extendido, una corona al Emperador con vestimentas militares, de pié a izquierda y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "S" en exergo.

Acuñada 1ra. Emisión Jul./Ago. 276 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzicus (Off.2da.) - Balkiz Turquía.

Referencias: RIC Va #116 (S) P.360, RIC2 Temp.#4529, Sear RCTV III #11853 P.458, Cohen VI #15 P.16/7, DVM #6 P.260, La Venera. 2936/9, BNC Paris #1979 #1977/81, CBN #1979, Hunter #20
mdelvalle
4140657.jpg
Abbasid Al-Mamun Citing Ali Ibn Musa as heir37 viewsAl-Ma'mun AH 199-218 / AD 813-833. AR Dirham (27mm, 2.87 g, 3h). Citing 'Ali ibn Musa al-Rida as heir. Madinat Isbahan mint. Dated AH 202 (AD 817/8). Album 224; ICV 391

This coin is a very rare and historically important coin as it commemorates the significant event that Al-Mamun chose ali ibn musa (Known as Al-Rida) as his heir in order to control the shia rebellions and bring them under control as Al-Rida was leader of Shia muslims at the time. This was just a political move as he was only 2 years the heir . Al-mamun had him poisoned after 2 years in 203 AH . This coin cites the name of Ali Ibn Musa on it as the heir confessing Al-mamun to be Caliph of muslims and Al-Rida to be his heir.
arash p
abbas.jpg
Abbasid AR Dirham.28 views Kalima and below: "Abu'l 'Abbas ibn amir al-muminin"

inner edge:"bismillah duriba hadhà ad-dirham bi'l-Basrat sanah arba' 'ashrat wa thelath [mi'at]"; outer edge: Sura 30 vv 3 & 4.

"li-'llah mohammed rasul allah [al-mu]qtadir billah"
GaiusCaligula
ISL_Abbasid_al-Mahdi_Album_215_1.jpg
Abbasid Caliphate. al-Mahdi (Abu Abdallah Muhammad ibn al-Mansur) (158-169 A.H. = 775-785 A.D.)13 viewsAlbum 215.1, Lowick/Savage 678, Lavoix 730

AR dirham, 2.83 g., 23.10 mm. max, 270°. Struck at the Madinat al-Salam mint (Baghdad), dated 163 A.H. (= 780 A.D.)

Obv: In the name of Allah this dirhem was minted in Madinat es-Salam in the year one and sixty and one hundred (marginal legend), There is no God except Allah. There is no partner to him. (central legend).

Rev: Muhammad is the messenger of God. He sent him with guidance and the true religion to prevail over all other religions even if the polytheists abhor it. (marginal legend = Sura 9 Verse 33), Muhammad is the Messenger of God, Gods Prayer and Salutations upon him, the Caliph al-Mahdi (central legend), pellet above and two pellets below.
Stkp
Comb22022017105911.jpg
Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan Æ Fals. 25 viewsObv. Caliph standing facing, with left hand on sheathed sword; legend with Caliph’s name.
Rev. Transformed cross; Hums-wāf flanking.
SICA 697-700; Album 3539. 3.65g, 20mm.
Attractive sand patina, Good Very Fine. Very Rare variety with Star in left field.
Canaan
2RkDzeS47BmjnrE86isWbFj39rdLGN.jpg
Abd-Al-Malik ibn Marwan mint of Basrah 81 AH6 viewsarash p
AbdallahIbnZubayr1-ccfopt.jpg
Abdallah ibn Al-zubayr9 viewsarash p
aedui.jpg
Aedui Tribe, Gaul26 viewsCeltic Gaul. The Aedui. After 52 B.C. AR unit.
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right.
Reverse: Rider on horse galloping right; below, [D]VBNO.
CCCBM II 472. 13 mm, 1.94 g, 4′.
Ex ACCG Benefit Auction Lot 2, August 17, 2008.
b70
Album-436.jpg
Aghlabids: Ibrahim I ibn al-Aghlab (AH 184-196/ AD 800-811) Æ Fals, Ifriqiyah, 188AH (Album-436)9 viewsObv: Within line circle, ﻻ ﺍﻟﻪ ﺍﻻ ﷲ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻻﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﻟﻪ; in margin, ﺑﺴﻢ ﷲ ﺿﺮﺏ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﻠ]ﺲ [ﺑﺎﻓ]ﺮﻳﻘﻴﺔ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺛﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺛﻤﺎﻧﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺋﻪ]; outer line circle
Rev: Within line circle, ﷴ ﺭﺳﻮﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ; above, ﻏﻠﺑ; below, ﺍﺍﺑﺮﻫﻴﻢ; uncertain marginal legend (Qur’an 9:33?); outer line circle
SpongeBob
422_Agrippa.jpg
Agrippa - AE as5 viewsstruck by Caligula
Rome
38 AD
head wearing rostrate crown left
M•AGRIPPA•L_•F • COS III
Neptune standing left, holding dolphin and trident
S C
RIC I Gaius 58; BMCRE II Tiberius 161 - 168; Cohen I 3, BnF II Caligula 77 - 97, SRCV I 1812
10,51g
Johny SYSEL
Aigaien_Cilicia.jpg
Aigeai, Cilicia - AE6 views164-120 BC
turreted head Tyche righ
bridled horse head left
AIΓEAIΩN
(TPAM)
Bloesch 39; SNG Levante 1635; SNG BnF 2284; SNGvA 8663; BMC Lycaonia p. 20, 1; SNG Cop 28 var. (monogram)
Johny SYSEL
Aigeai.jpg
Aigeai, Cilicia c. 164 - 130 B.C.16 viewsAigeai, Cilicia c. 164 - 130 B.C. AE19.6 - 21mm. Weight 5.65g. Aigeai mint. Obv: Turreted head of Tyche right, countermark left. Rev: ΑΙΓΕΑΙΩΝ, bridled horses head left. Monogram lower left. Sear #5513, SNG Levante 1634 var (monogram), SNG Cop 28 var (same), SNG BnF 2281 ff. var (same), SNG Pfälzer 31 ff. var (same), SNGvA 5441 var (same)ddwau
coin416.jpg
Al-Ashraf Muzaffar Al-Din Abu Al-Fath Musa ibn Al-A'dill23 viewsAl-Ashraf Muzaffar Al-Din Abu Al-Fath Musa ibn Al-A'dill,
minted at Mayafariqin. Ruler of Mayafariqin from
(1210-1220 AD). This particular coin type was dated
from 608 to 612 AH. He was an Ayyubid ruler of the
Principality of the Jazirah. Coin #416
cars100
ISL_Alawi_Sharifs_2_fallus_1272_Tetuan.jpg
Alawi Sharifs (Morocco). Moulay Abd al-Rahman ibn Hisham (1822-1859)21 viewsKM C 126b.6, Valentine --, Eustache __

Cast Bronze, 2 fallus dated 1272 A.H. = 1855/56 A.D., Tetouan mint, 21.87 mm. max.

Obv: Seal of Solomon.

Rev: Mint name (Tetouan) and date (1272).
Stkp
I 1 D.jpg
Almohads - Islamic87 viewsAR Anonymous square Dirham
Almohads (Muwahidun)
Abu Ya'qub Yusuf ibn Ya'qub 685-706AH/1286-1307AD
Without mint name
Obv:
There is No lord Except God
The command is all God's
There is no power except through God

Rev:
God is our lord
Muhammad is our Messenger
al-Mahdi is our Imam
Tanit
islamic_3~0.jpg
Almohads - Islamic34 viewsAR Anonymous square Dirham
Almohads (Muwahidun)
Abu Ya'qub Yusuf ibn Ya'qub 685-706AH/1286-1307AD
Without mint name
Obv:
There is No lord Except God
The command is all God's
There is no power except through God

Rev:
God is our lord
Muhammad is our Messenger
al-Mahdi is our Imam
Tanit
Amblada.jpg
Amblada, Pisidia 100-25 B.C.18 viewsAmblada (BC 100-25) Ae 12.5~13.6mm. 1.89g. ca 1st cent B.C. Late autonomous. Obv: Bearded head of Herakles right. Rev: ΑΜ-ΛΑ/ΔΕ-ΩΝ around club. Aulock, Pisidien I Nr. 120f. SNG BN Paris 1036.
A´MBLADA (Asar-Dagh in N. Pisidia) a city of Pisidia, which near the boundaries of Phrygia and Caria. It produced wine that was used for medicinal purposes. The site is unknown.
ddwau
galatia_amyntas.jpg
Amyntas of Galatia AE22, Lion10 viewsGalatia; King Amyntas of Galatia AE22, 36-25 B.C. 22-23mm, 13.60g. Obv: head bearded Herakles right, club behind. 
Rev: lion walking right, B above, king’s name as monogram below. SNG BN 2377; RPC 3505. Ex Rutten & Wieland1 commentsPodiceps
anazarbos.jpg
Anazarbus; Zeus/ Tyche 10 viewsCilicia, Anazarbus, 1st c. B.C. Obv. Head of Zeus right, Rev. Tyche with polos (cylindrical hat) and Cornucopiae left, monogram in left field before, SNG BN 2007.Podiceps
CelticPotinBaldBoarMed.jpg
ANIMALS/PINK FLOYD, Track 3. Pigs (Three Different Ones)24 viewsCeltic potin, Leuci tribe
80-20 BC
AE17.6, 3.43 gm
Obv: bald warrior head left
Rev: boar standing left, three half-circles below
Ref: BN 9100-9104

Composite picture of the collection:
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-104363

Interactive presentation:
http://prezi.com/q7mw1k1zur65/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy&rc=ex0share


TIF
APiusSestRIC621.JPG
Antoninus Pius, RIC 621, Sestertius of AD 140-144 (Roma)162 viewsÆ Sestertius (28.4g, Ø 33-34mm, 12h) Rome mint. Struck AD 140-144.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PI-VS P P TR P COS III, laurate head right
Rev.: ROMA AETERNA (around), S C (in ex.), Roma seated left on throne, holding palladium and spear; shield at side.
RIC 621; BMCRE 1276; C. 694; Strack 846; Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 330 (7 spec.); Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 24b; Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 1276
ex CNG Auction #29, lot 62687, May 2001

Issued to celebrate the completion in AD141 of the temple of Venus and Rome, designed and begun by Hadrian. This could also belong to the series of ancient Roman legends issued in this same period, as the Palladium held by Roma is the statue of Pallas Athena, stolen from Troy and brought to Italy by Aeneas. It was regarded by the Romans as guardian of their city.
2 commentsCharles S
007~0.JPG
Apollonia Pontica92 views450 – 425 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.14 gm, 15 mm
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with wild hair and snakes
Obv.: Anchor; A to right, crayfish to left.
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44
Sear Vol. 1, p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
1 commentsJaimelai
AP5_a.jpg
Apollonia Pontica83 views450 - 425 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.20 gm, 12-14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing with hair in tufts

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
Capture_00016.JPG
Apollonia Pontica56 views450 – 425 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.28 gm, 14 mm
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
1 commentsJaimelai
Capture_00174_white.JPG
Apollonia Pontica99 views450 – 424 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.26 gm, 14.5 mm
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with
beaded hair in tuffs, surrounded by thin snakes
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 586, 42 (corrected)
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type 1. C. Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: Late Issues (450-424 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and curved stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right.
Rev.: Full-face Gordon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
3 commentsJaimelai
Capture_00003_(2).JPG
Apollonia Pontica139 views450 – 425 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.32 gm, 13.5 mm
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with
beaded hair, surrounded by thin snakes
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 586, 42 (corrected)
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol on the left, A on the right - Gorgon's Head" Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and curved stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right.
Rev.: Full-face Gordon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
4 commentsJaimelai
003~4.JPG
Apollonia Pontica72 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.24 gm., 14 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Gorgon head facing in archaic Ionian style with hair in pellets
Topalov Apollonia p. 584, 38
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: First Early Issues (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
1 commentsJaimelai
Capture_00049~0.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 38 - Silver Drachm45 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
2.92 gm., 12.5-14 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Gorgon head facing in archaic Ionian style with hair in pellets
Topalov Apollonia p. 584, 38
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: First Early Issues (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormally open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

These "Early-Issue" Medusa coins may have been reminted on the earlier swastika type Apollonia drachmas (from Topalov Apollonia 2007)
Jaimelai
015~1.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 38 - Silver Drachm65 views480 – 470 B.C.
3.25 gm., 13-15.5 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with single row pearl headdress
Topalov Apollonia p.584, 38
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: First Early Issues (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormally open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
34.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 38 - Silver Drachm 77 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
3.24 gm., 14 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Gorgon head facing in archaic Ionian style with hair in pellets
Topalov Apollonia p. 584, 38
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: First Early Issues (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
2 commentsJaimelai
AP_comp_(2).jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 38 - Silver Drachm 53 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
3.12 gm., 14 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Gorgon head facing in archaic Ionian style with hair in pellets
Topalov Apollonia p. 584, 38
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: First Early Issues (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007

WARNING! Possible Black Cabinet candidate - very similar to Reid Goldsborough Apollonia Pontika New York Hoard Specimen # 40.
Jaimelai
dolphins_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 38 - Silver Drachm87 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.36 gm., 15 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Gorgon head facing in archaic Ionian style with hair in pellets
Topalov Apollonia p.584, 38 struck over Topalov Apollonia p. 566, 10
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type 38: “Upright anchor, crab right - full-face Gorgon's head" first early issues” (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormally open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
-struck over-
Topalov Type 10: “Upright anchor with thin flukes and thin shaft – Swastika ia a concave square with four dolphins as additional symbols" (540-535/525 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with thin flukes and a thin stock. Side view of the additional symbol of a crab (or view from above) right, between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Schematic view of a swastika in sectors concave with arms bent to the left. A dolphin as an additional symbol in every one of the sectors. Dolphins’ heads point from the center of the swastika outwards.
2 commentsJaimelai
174.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 42 - Silver Drachm 84 views450 – 424 B.C.
3.26 gm, 14.5 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with beaded hair in tuffs, surrounded by thin snakes
Topalov Apollonia p. 586, 42 (corrected)
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: Late Issues (450-424 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and curved stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right.
Rev.: Full-face Gordon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
1 commentsJaimelai
3.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 42 - Silver Drachm 76 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.32 gm, 13.5 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with beaded hair, surrounded by thin snakes
Topalov Apollonia p. 586, 42 (corrected)
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol on the left, A on the right - Gorgon's Head" Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and curved stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right.
Rev.: Full-face Gordon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
1 commentsJaimelai
AP42_33.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 42 - Silver Drachm33 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.28 gm, 15 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with beaded hair, surrounded by snakes
Topalov Apollonia p. 586, 42 (corrected)
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol on the left, A on the right - Gorgon's Head" Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and curved stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right.
Rev.: Full-face Gordon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
AP_25.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 42 - Silver Drachm 30 views450 – 424 B.C.
3.19 gm, 15.3 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with beaded hair in tuffs, surrounded by thin snakes
Topalov Apollonia p. 586, 42 (corrected)
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: Late Issues (450-424 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and curved stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right.
Rev.: Full-face Gordon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
AP3_a.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm103 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.16 gm, 13-14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing in tufts parted in middle

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
AP2_a.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm61 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.13 gm, 13-15 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing, narrow forehead, hair in tufts

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
a05_626.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm97 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.15 gm, 13.5 - 15 mm
Rev: Gorgon head facing with hair parted in the middle
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
1 commentsJaimelai
Capture_00003b.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm59 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.26 gm, 13-14 mm
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with hair in tufts
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
ap3_50~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm42 views450 – 424 B.C.
3.31 gm, 13.2 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to right, crayfish to left.
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs; elaborate design with pronounced face wrinkles and spoked wheel/star pattern ear-rings, on a webbed aegis shield tipped with coiled snakes.
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655;
BMC 15, p. 8 5-7& 9; SNG BM Black Sea 156

Certified Authentic by David R. Sear (A.C.C.S. Ref. 501CR/GC/CO/CD)

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
2 commentsJaimelai
018b2.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm44 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.24 gm, 14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
002_2~1.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm39 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.16 gm, 14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
012~0.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm46 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.21 gm, 14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
1 commentsJaimelai
AP11_a~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm34 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.13 gm, 12-14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
Capture_00016_(2)~0.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm43 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.28 gm, 14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with straight bangs parted in the middle
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
AP5_b2.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm33 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.13 gm, 13 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing with hair in tufts

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
7.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm 56 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.14 gm, 15 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to right, crayfish to left.
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with wild hair and snakes
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44
Sear Vol. 1, p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and
the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
AP5_a~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm 37 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.20 gm, 12-14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing with hair in tufts

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
011~0.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm 36 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.24 gm, 13 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
ap_33~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm27 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.09 gm, 14.3 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing in tufts parted in middle

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
ap_real_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm41 views450 – 424 B.C.
3.27 gm, 13.7 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to right, crayfish to left.
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44;
Sear 1655;
BMC 15, p. 8 5-7& 9;
SNG BM Black Sea 153-6 & 158

Certified Authentic by David Sear (A.C.C.S. Ref. 502CR/GC/CO/CD)

Note: From same dies as the source coin of the series of cast fakes (see Fake Coin Reports)

Topalov Type 44: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: Last Late Issues (450-424 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right (or visa versa).
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormally open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
2 commentsJaimelai
ap44.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm23 views450 – 424 B.C.
3.20 gm, 13 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair and wavy bangs, snaky ringlets circle face
Topalov Apollonia p.348, 11; p.588, 44

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: Last Late Issues (450-424 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right (or visa versa).
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormally open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
44_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm18 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.18 gm, 15.98 mm
Obv.: Inverted anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with wavy hair parted in the middle
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655; HGC 3, 1323

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
016~4.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Siver Drachm39 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.17 g., 13-15 mm.
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with wavy hair parted in middle
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
ARAB-BYZANTINE.jpg
ARAB-BYZANTINE, Umayyad Caliphate. Mu'awiya I ibn Abi Sufyan. AH 41-60 / AD 661-680. or 661-697 A.D. 54 viewsObverse :
KAΛON “bi-hims”
Facing bust of Byzantine emperor, holding globus cruciger; to left, KAΛON; to right, “bi-hims” in Arabic and bird’s-eye.

Reverse:
Є/M/I С/H/С - Large M
Large m; star flanked by bird’s eyes above; ground line below; Є/M/I С/H/С to left and right; “tayyib” in Arabic above “dumbell” flanked by pellets in exergue.

Attribution: Sica I 538 / Walker 65v / Arab Byzantine 65; Album 110
Weight3.98 Grams
Diameter:21 mm
Die Axis:4 H

Mu'awiya I ibn Abi Sufyan was the first Umayyad caliph , from AH 41-60 (died) / AD 661-680


From the Sam Mansourati Collection.
Sam
ARAB-BYZANTINE,_Umayyad_Caliphate__Mu__awiya_I_ibn_Abi_Sufyan_(2).png
ARAB-BYZANTINE, Umayyad Caliphate. Mu'awiya I ibn Abi Sufyan. AH 41-60 / AD 661-680. or 661-697 A.D.30 viewsObverse :
KAΛON “bi-hims” بحمص
Facing bust of Byzantine emperor, holding globus cruciger; to left, KAΛON; to right, “bi-hims” in Arabic and bird’s-eye.

Reverse:
Є/M/I С/H/С - Large M
Large m; star flanked by bird’s eyes above; ground line below; Є/M/I С/H/С to left and right; “tayyib” طيب in Arabic above “dumbell” flanked by pellets in exergue.

Attribution: Sica I 538 / Walker 65v / Arab Byzantine 65; Album 110

Mu'awiya I ibn Abi Sufyan was the first Umayyad caliph , from AH 41-60 (died) / AD 661-680


From the Sam Mansourati Collection.
2 commentsSam
CeolnothBiarnred1.jpg
Archbishop of Canterbury, Ceolnoth105 viewsStruck c.865-868AD Kent, Canterbury mint. AR Penny 1.20g Ceolnoth Group III. Floriated Cross type. Obv tonsured bust facing, breaking inner circle 'ARCHIEP- CEOLNOD'; Rev 'BIARNRED MONETA' (Moneyer Beornraed) around, in inner circle a floriated cross. S.895? (Group III) N.247.

There are 58 recorded coins of Ceolnoth at the SCBI/EMC but only 3 coins of this moneyer for him. He also struck 6 more recorded coins for Alfred, Edward the Elder and some Danish imitative Alfred coins from East Anglia. This actual type is not listed in the corpus. However, a fragment at the British Museum, see BNJ28 CE Blunt 'A new coin of Ceolnoth' and JJ North plate III/9, is likely the same. Infact, I believe these coins are of the same dies and moneyer. Blunt & North describe 'LD' in the fragmented moneyer legend though it is likely 'ED' with the top half of the 'E' missing at the break. The Floriated Cross design is also found on coins of Aethelberht for the moneyers Dudda and Oshere but only 4 on database (N.621). In superb condition, a single find from the Driffield area in Yorkshire. This coin is potentially the only complete specimum and should be considered a great rarity. It is now recorded in the 2011 'The Coinage of Southern England' by Rory Naismith, Volume 1 Plate 65 C218.2b.

Gareth Williams at the British Museum kindly commented:

'I agree with your reading of the coin, and think that it is probably from the same dies as our fragment 1947, 14-4, 6, as you suggest, although it's difficult to be absolutely certain - the angle of the D on the reverse in particular looks slightly different, but that may just be the lighting on the photograph'

Rory Naismith from the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge is studying the period for his PhD dissertation. He kindly commented as below:

'The Ceolnoth in particular is quite spectacular: not only is it, as you say, the only known whole floreate cross penny of Ceolnoth, but it is also a stunning coin of considerable historical importance. There is some reason to believe that it was found as part of a small hoard comprising at least three floreate cross pennies, the other two both being of Aethelberht by the moneyer Dudda. One is unfortunately only a small fragment, but the other is beautifully preserved. As the only known hoard of floreate cross coins, this is understandably a find of some significance, although it is odd to find it deposited so far north. A trawl through the BM and as many other catalogues and find records as I could find turned up only a total of nineteen floreate cross pennies, including yours, struck by seven moneyers. It was probably a lot larger than this meagre record seems to suggest: were it not for the large Dorking hoard of 1817 the preceding Inscribed Cross phase would be almost as little-known, and many moneyers who produced this type reappeared in the Lunettes coinage, so they may well have continued over the intervening period as well'.

The initial coinage of Group III has as the reverse motif a cross crosslet with pellets in the angles [coin 1, illustrated above]. Those of Ceolnoth are of good style and feature a neater tonsured bust of the archbishop possibly wearing his pallium. Those of Aethelwulf for the same period, Phase II at Canterbury, tend to have a rather crude right facing bust with thick lettering in the legend - although a few are of better style. Not all of Aethelwulf's coins of this type have pellets in the angles of the cross crosslet. This type was struck until c.852, when it was replaced by a coinage that was to become standard at Canterbury throughout the remainder of Aethelwulf's reign and the majority of the reign of his son Aethelberht. The Inscribed Cross coinage, struck only by Ceolnoth and the two aforementioned kings, have an identical reverse with a large voided cross that contains the moneyers name within and in the angles. Comparitively large numbers of these coins survive and they have been the subject of much study with regard to dating, reduced silver content and so on. Toward the end of his reign, c.854, Aethelberht minted a new coinage mirrored by Ceolnoth, the extremely rare Floriate Cross issue. These coins as would be expected have a large floriated cross on the reverse and had a very limited striking - perhaps as little as a year. Less than ten examples survive today for the king and archbishop. Illustrated below is the only known complete example of the Floriate Cross type of archbishop Ceolnoth.


AlexB
ARMENIA__Levon_I_(1189-1219)__AR_Tram__Coronation_issue__Armenian_Coins_289__Q-001_0h_21-22mm_3,02g-s.jpg
Armenia, Levon I. (1189-1219 A.D.), AR Tram, Cilician Armenia, Nercessian, Armenian Coins 289, Two lion with Cross, #1116 viewsArmenia, Levon I. (1189-1219 A.D.), AR Tram, Cilician Armenia, Nercessian, Armenian Coins 289, Two lion with Cross, #1
avers: ✠ ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳ[ԱՒ]ՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (= Lewon Tagawor Hayots = Levon, King of the Armenians), Levon seated facing on throne decorated with lions, holding cross and lis-tipped scepter.
reverse: ✠ ԿԱՐՈՂՈՒԹԲՆ Ա[ՍՏ]ՈՒԾ (= Karogowt eambn astowtzoy = By the will of God), Two lions rampant back-to-back, each with head reverted, between, cross pattée set on spear.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 21,0-22,0mm, weight: 3,02g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cilician Armenia, date: 1189-1219 A.D., ref: Nercessian, Armenian Coins 289,
Q-001
quadrans
Armenia,_Levon_I__(1189-1219_A_D_),_AR_Tram,_Cilician_Armenia,_Nercessian_289,_Q-002_h,_22mm,_3,0g-s.jpg
Armenia, Levon I. (1189-1219 A.D.), AR Tram, Cilician Armenia, Nercessian, Armenian Coins 289, Two lion with Cross, #2124 viewsArmenia, Levon I. (1189-1219 A.D.), AR Tram, Cilician Armenia, Nercessian, Armenian Coins 289, Two lion with Cross, #2
avers: ✠ ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳ[ԱՒ]ՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (= Lewon Tagawor Hayots = Levon, King of the Armenians), Levon seated facing on throne decorated with lions with left foot turned outward, holding cross and lis-tipped scepter.
reverse: ✠ ԿԱՐՈՂՈՒԹԲՆ Ա[ՍՏ]ՈՒԾ (= Karogowt eambn astowtzoy = By the will of God), Two lions rampant back-to-back, each with head reverted, between, cross pattée set on spear.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 21,0-22,0mm, weight: 3,00g, axis: 5h,
mint: Cilician Armenia, date: 1189-1219 A.D., ref: Nercessian, Armenian Coins 289,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
66080p00.jpg
Arpi, Apulia, Italy, c. 325 - 275 B.C.17 viewsBronze AE 21, old cut on boar, 7.464g, 20.9mm, 90o, Arpi mint, c. 325 - 275 B.C.
Obv: Laureate and bearded head of Zeus left, thunderbolt right.
Rev: Boar right, spear above, ARPANWN in exergue.
Ref: HN Italy 642, SNG ANS 637, SNG Cop 603, SNG München 438, SNG BnF 1228.
VF
mjabrial
Album-1827_5(1).jpg
Artuqids of Mardin: Najm al-Din Alpi (547-572 AH / 1152-1176 CE) Æ Dirham (Whelan Type IV, 44-5; S&S Type 30.1; Album 1827.5; ICV 1203)45 viewsObv: Two diademed and draped male heads facing slightly away from one another; in margins, لا اله الا الله above and محمد رسول الله below, ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻨﺠﺪ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ to the right upwards and ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺍﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻴﻦ to the left downwards (There is no God but Allah, Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, al-Mustanjid billah, Commander of the Faithful)
Rev: Facing female head, wearing necklace; in margins, ﻧﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ above and ﺍﻟﭙﻰ ﺑﻦ ﺍﻳﻞﻏﺎﺫﯼ below, ﺑﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﻖ to the right upwards and ﻣﻠﻚ ﺩﻳﺎﺭ ﺑﻜﺮ to the left downwards (Star of the Faith, Alpi ibn Il-Ghazi ibn Artuq, Ruler of Diyarbakir)

4 commentsQuant.Geek
ARTUQUIDS_OF_MARDIN_--_Husam_Al_Din_Yulus_Arslan.jpg
ARTUQUIDS OF MARDIN -- Husam Al Din Yulus Arslan23 viewsARTUQUIDS OF MARDIN -- Husam Al Din Yulus Arslan (1184-1201) AE 32 mm. Dirhem. Large diademed Roman-style head l. (Sun?), small crowned byzantine bust facing (Jupiter?) wearing loros (ancient consular toga); kufic legend. Rv. Four lines kufic legend citing Ayyubid ruler Salah al-Din Yusuf bin Ayyub (Saladin). 15,31 g, d=33 mm. SS 101, Type 34. Mitchiner, WoI 1035. Hennequin, BN 468, 1098.dpaul7
Valerian_Anazarbus_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Kilikia, Anazarbus, Valerian I, Dionysos6 viewsValerian I
Cilicia, Anazarbus
Æ 30mm
Dated CY 272 (253/4).
Obv.: AVT K Π ΛIK OVAΛЄPIANOC CЄ, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: ANASAPBOV MHTPO / Γ - Γ / ЄT BOC A M K, Dionysos, raising hand over head and holding filleted thyrsus, reclining on recumbent ram right, head left.
AE, 30mm, 18.34g
Ref.: Ziegler, Anazarbos, 829.1 [dies Vs2/Rs4] (this coin cited), SNG BN 2158

ex auction Knopek, lot 420 (December 1979)
ex Kölner Münzkabinett Tyll Kroha, auction 49, lot 546 (1989)
ex Jacquier list 12, lot 222 (1990)
ex Dr. P. Vogl Collection
ex Numismatik Naumann, auction 63, lot 167 (2018)
shanxi
Aigeai_01.jpg
Asia Minor, Kilikia, Aigeai Tyche Horse31 viewsKilikia, Aigeai
Æ 22, 130-77 BC
Obv.: Turreted, veiled, and draped bust of Tyche right
Rev.: ΑΙΓΕΑΙΩΝ ΤΗΣ ΙΕΡΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΑΥTONOMΟΥ, Forepart of horse left; monogram to right
Æ, 6.16g, 21-22mm
Ref.:SNG BN 2297, SNG Levante 1658
1 commentsshanxi
R622_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Kilikia, Anemurium, Gallienus, Artemis7 viewsGallienus
Cilicia, Anemurium
Æ 25mm
Dated RY 3 (AD 255/6)
Obv.: AV K ΠOY ΛΙKIN ΓAΛΛIHNON. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: ЄT Γ ANЄMOVPIЄωN. Artemis advancing right, holding bow and drawing arrow from quiver; to left, stag standing left.
AE, 25mm, 6.99 g
Ref.: Ziegler 234-5 var. (obv. legend); SNG BN -; SNG Levante 522.
ex Harlan J. Berk
ex Dr. P. Vogl Collection
ex Numismatik Naumann
shanxi
G_279_Olbia_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Kilikia, Olbia, Throne of Zeus, Thunderbolt 5 viewsKilikia, Olbia
Æ 22
Pseudo-autonomous (Late 1st century BC).
Obv.: Empty throne of Zeus Olbios facing slightly right; EP to left
Rev.: OΛBEΩN. Winged thunderbolt; Z above.
Æ, 7.50g, 22mm
Ref.: RPC I 3723; Ziegler -; SNG BN 839; SNG Levante 645.
Ex Bankhaus Aufhäuser (sold 20.1.1987)
Ex Dr. P. Vogl Collection
Ex Numismatik Naumann, auction 63, lot 375
1 commentsshanxi
Salonina_2.jpg
Asia Minor, Kilikia, Tarsus, Salonina25 viewsSalonina
Tarsus, Kilikia
AE 28
Obv.: ΚΟΡΝΗΛΙΑΝ CAΛΩΝΙΝΑΝ, diademed and draped bust right, set on crescent
Rev.: ΤΑPCΟV ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΕΩC, Α [Μ] Κ – Γ/Γ, Artemis Phosphoros advancing left.
AE, 28.36mm, 11.70g
Ref.: SNG BN Paris 1836 var.
1 commentsshanxi
Severus_Alexander_04.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Parium, Severus Alexander, Asclepios18 viewsSeverus Alexander
Mysia, Parium
Obv.: IMP CAEƧ L ƧEP ƧE ALEXANDER, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: DEO AEƧ VB (Deo Aesculapius subvenienti - to Aesculapius, the god who helps), Asclepius seated right, holding raised foreleg of bull standing left, C G H I P (Colonia Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) in exergue.
Æ, 19mm, 5.27g
Ref.: SNG Cop - , BMC - , SNG BN - , SNG von Aulock -, ISEGRIM-, RPC VI temp 3871
2 commentsshanxi
Pergamon_28.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Asklepios, Eagle17 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE20, Early-mid 2nd century BC
Obv.: Head of Asklepios right
Rev.: Π-EΡ-Γ-A / MHNΩN. Eagle standing left, head right, on thunderbolt..
AE, 6.97g, 19.3x20.5mm
Ref.: SNG Copenhagen 379, SNG BN 1870–1
shanxi
Pergamon_50.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Asklepios, snake, Omphalos 13 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE 21, 200-133 BC
Obv.: laureate head of bearded Asklepios
Rev.: ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ, snake coiled around omphalos, without monogram
AE, 8.20g, 21mm
Ref.: SNG von Aulock 1372, SNG BN 1806, SNG France 51807 (25 ex.)
shanxi
G_312_Pergamon.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Asklepios, snake, Omphalos, owl7 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE 17
Obv.: laureate head of bearded Asklepios
Rev.: AΣKΛHΠIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around omphalos, owl standing on the snake's back
AE, 8.66g, 17.3mm
Ref.: BMC Mysia p. 129, 160; SNGvA 1371; SNG BnF 1813; SNG Cop -
Ex Forvm Ancient Coins
shanxi
Etenna_1.jpg
Asia Minor, Pisidia, Etenna18 viewsPisidia Etenna
AE14 100 BC.
Obv.: two men running left or fighting with curved knives
Rev.: ET-EN, Nymph advancing right with snake
AE, 1.91g, c. 13.9mm
Ref.: SNG BN 1532-1533, SNG Cop 149-150
Ex HD-Rauch 12th live e-Auction, Ex Divus Numismatik
shanxi
Aspendos,_Pamphylia,.jpg
Aspendos, Pamphylia, 333 - 250 B.C.78 viewsWith the influence of the Olympics games.

Silver stater, Tekin Series 5, SNGvA 4578, SNG BnF 122, SNG Cop -, Arslan-Lightfoot -, gF, weight 9.107g, maximum diameter 24.8mm, die axis 0o, Aspendos mint, 330 - 250 B.C.; obverse two wrestlers, on left holds the right wrist of his opponent with his right hand and right forearm with his left hand, E between their legs, rounded edge; reverse EΣTΦE∆IY, slinger, wearing short chiton, discharging sling to right, O between legs, triskeles above club on right, round border of dots; scarce;

EX FORVM ANCIENT COIN SHOP

After Alexander took Perga peacefully, Aspendos sent envoys to offer surrender if he would not take the taxes and horses formerly paid as tribute to the Persian king. Agreeing, Alexander went on to Side, leaving a garrison behind. When he learned they had failed to ratify the agreement their own evnvoys had proposed, Alexander marched to the city. The Aspendians retreated to their acropolis and again sent envoys to sue for peace. This time, however, they had to agree to harsh terms - they would host a Macedonian garrison and pay 100 gold talents and 4.000 horses annually.

This type is a late example and likely among the last of the wrestler and slinger staters. Struck during economic crisis, perhaps resulting from the harsh terms set by Alexander after their treachery, the flans are underweight, crudely cast and appear to be of debased silver. The wrestlers and slinger are carelessly depicted. It is not as attractive as earlier examples but it is certainly much scarcer.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.


*With my sincere thank , Photo and Description courtesy of FORVM Ancient Coins Staff.
2 commentsSam
Aspendos,_Pamphylia,_333_-_250_B_C_.jpg
Aspendos, Pamphylia, 333 - 250 B.C.84 viewsAspendos, Pamphylia, 333 - 250 B.C.
With the influence of the Olympics games.

Silver stater, Tekin Series 5, SNGvA 4578, SNG BnF 122, SNG Cop -, Arslan-Lightfoot -, VF, weight 8.97 gr., maximum diameter 24.8mm, die axis 0o.
Aspendos mint . Struck between 330 - 250 B.C.
Obverse ; two wrestlers, on left holds the right wrist of his opponent with his right hand and right forearm with his left hand, E between their legs, rounded edge.
Reverse ; EΣTΦE∆IY, slinger, wearing short chiton, discharging sling to right, O between legs, triskeles above club on right, round border of dots; very rare.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection. NO. AGAP 3324
After Alexander the great took Perga peacefully, Aspendos sent envoys to offer surrender if he would not take the taxes and horses formerly paid as tribute to the Persian king. Agreeing, Alexander went on to Side, leaving a garrison behind. When he learned they had failed to ratify the agreement their own evnvoys had proposed, Alexander marched to the city. The Aspendians retreated to their acropolis and again sent envoys to sue for peace. This time, however, they had to agree to harsh terms - they would host a Macedonian garrison and pay 100 gold talents and 4.000 horses annually.

This type is a late example and likely among the last of the wrestler and slinger staters. Struck during economic crisis, perhaps resulting from the harsh terms set by Alexander after their treachery, the flans are underweight, crudely cast and appear to be of debased silver. The wrestlers and slinger are carelessly depicted. It is not as attractive as earlier examples but it is certainly much scarcer.




1 commentsSam
077n.jpg
Athena173 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Gabala. Trajan. Æ 21. A.D. 105/106 (year 152 of the Caesarean era). Obv: NEPKAIC-TPAIACEB(ΓEP). Laureate head right; countermark on neck. Rev: ΓABAΛEΩN, BNP in field. Astarte (?) seated left, holding corn-ears and poppy in extended right hand and spear in left hand; Sphinx seated left, star above head. Ref: BMC 4-5; Sear GIC 1079. Axis: 345°. Weight: 6.85 g. CM: Athena standing right, holding spear, in rectangular punch, 3 x 4 mm. Howgego 246 (7 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
hands_wt.JPG
Augustus42 views27 B.C. - 14 A.D.
Æ Quadrans, Clasped hands holding caduceus
3.18 gm, 15.5 mm
LAMIA SILVS ANNIVS (moneyers)
III VIR AAAFF
around large SC
RIC I 420; RCV 1693
BMCRE 200 = BMCRR Rome 4617; BN 568-78
Rome mint. Struck 9 B.C.
1 commentsJaimelai
000a~0.jpg
AUGUSTUS149 views AR Denarius (3.95 g, 7h). Tarraco. Struck 18 BC. Toga picta over tunica palmata flanked on left by aquila and on right by wreath. S P Q R PARENT / CONS SVO . Triumphal quadriga advancing right, ornamented with one Victory and surmounted by a small galloping quadriga. CAESARI above, AVGVSTO in exergue. RIC I 99; RSC 78b; BN 1187-90. Toned.
CNG 253383.
CNG photograph.
8 commentsbenito
00augquad.jpg
AUGUSTUS68 viewsAR Denarius (3.95 g, 7h). Tarraco. Struck 18 BC. Toga picta over tunica palmata flanked on left by aquila and on right by wreath. S P Q R PARENT / CONS SVO . Triumphal quadriga advancing right, ornamented with one Victory and surmounted by a small galloping quadriga. CAESARI above, AVGVSTO in exergue. RIC I 99; RSC 78b; BN 1187-90. Toned.
CNG.Coin shop.253383.
CNG photograph.

2 commentsbenito
augustus-quadrans.jpg
Augustus (15 BC-AD 14) AE Quadrans, Gaul auxiliary mint7 viewsRoman Imperial, Augustus (15 BC-AD 14) AE Quadrans, Gaul auxiliary mint

Obverse: IMP CAESAR, Laureate head right.

Reverse: AVGVSTVS, Eagle with wings spread.

Reference: RIC 227, Cohen 29, BMC 561, RPC 508, BN 4730
Gil-galad
imgonline-com-ua-twotoone-yQKgTlpIp6vJ3j-Augustus.jpg
Augustus (Augustus Caesar) Coin: Brass Sestertius 7 viewsOB CIVIS SERVATOS - OB above, SERVATOS below, CIVIS within oak wreath between two laurel branches
C • ASINIVS • C • F • GALLVS • III • VIR • A • A • A • F • F •, large S • C. - Legend surrounding large S C
Exergue:



Mint: Rome (16 BC)
Wt./Size/Axis: 22.70g / 35mm / 7h
References:
RIC I 370
BMCRE 157 = BMCRR Rome 4594
BN 372-6
Cohen 367
Sear5 1644
Acquisition/Sale: cutiepagirl Ebay $0.00 09/18
Notes: Sep 7, 18 - The Gary R. Wilson Collection

From CNG:
During the reign of Augustus a number of curious coins were produced, usually termed trial pieces or patterns. They tend to be of very much heavier weight than usual (the present piece is between 45-50% heavier than normal coins of this type), or struck on much larger flans (such as a quadrans struck on the flan of a dupondius). Exactly why they were struck is uncertain, but it is probable that they served as presentation pieces, either for officials or for friends and family of the moneyer’s. In that sense they were probably not overvalued for circulation (which the medallions of the 2nd and later centuries certainly were) but simply were impressive coins designed to be used by select people. This is quite an fine example of one of those Augustan issues - a remarkably medallic looking example of this type is in the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge (CM-RI.58.R) - and one can imagine how the possessor of such a coin would carefully save it for a special purchase.
Gary W2
imgonline-com-ua-twotoone-yQKgTlpIp6vJ3j-Augustus~0.jpg
Augustus (Augustus Caesar) Coin: Brass Sestertius15 viewsOB CIVIS SERVATOS - OB above, SERVATOS below, CIVIS within oak wreath between two laurel branches
C • ASINIVS • C • F • GALLVS • III • VIR • A • A • A • F • F •, large S • C. - Legend surrounding large S C
Exergue:



Mint: Rome (16 BC)
Wt./Size/Axis: 22.70g / 35mm / 7h
References:
RIC I 370
BMCRE 157 = BMCRR Rome 4594
BN 372-6
Cohen 367
Sear5 1644
Acquisition/Sale: cutiepagirl Ebay $0.00 09/18
Notes: Sep 7, 18 - The Gary R. Wilson Collection

From CNG:
During the reign of Augustus a number of curious coins were produced, usually termed trial pieces or patterns. They tend to be of very much heavier weight than usual (the present piece is between 45-50% heavier than normal coins of this type), or struck on much larger flans (such as a quadrans struck on the flan of a dupondius). Exactly why they were struck is uncertain, but it is probable that they served as presentation pieces, either for officials or for friends and family of the moneyer’s. In that sense they were probably not overvalued for circulation (which the medallions of the 2nd and later centuries certainly were) but simply were impressive coins designed to be used by select people. This is quite an fine example of one of those Augustan issues - a remarkably medallic looking example of this type is in the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge (CM-RI.58.R) - and one can imagine how the possessor of such a coin would carefully save it for a special purch

Per RIC-Rare
Gary W2
Augustus_RIC427.jpg
Augustus - As - RIC 427 (moneyer P. Lurius Agrippa)19 viewsObv: CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT, bare head r.
Rev: P LVRIVS AGRIPPA III VIR A A A F F, round S C
Size: 27 mm
Weight: 8,84 g
Mint: Rome
Date: 7 BC
Ref: RIC I 427; CBN 623
vs1969
Augustus_RIC345.jpg
Augustus - Sestertius - RIC 345 (moneyer L. Licinius Stolo)16 viewsObv: OB CIVIS (in oak-wreath flanked by two laurel-branches) SERVATOS
Rev: P LICINIVS STOLO IIIVIR AAAFF round S C
Size: 34 mm
Weight: 20,5 g
Mint: Rome
Date: 17 BC
Ref: RIC I 345, CBN 302
Rarity: S
vs1969
Augustus_RIC_86a.jpg
Augustus - [RIC 86a, BMC 41, CBN 1132, Cohen 19]86 viewsSilver denarius, 3.13g, 18.44mm, 90 degree, Colonia Patricia mint, 19 B.C.

Obv. - CAESAR AVGVSTVS, bare head right

Rev. - SIGNIS RECEPTIS, Aquila on left and standard on right flanking S P Q R arranged around shield inscribed CL V

A superb piece with a particularly beautiful portrait and an attractive tone.

This famous and historically important denarius of Augustus commemorates the reconquest of the legionary eagles from the Parthians. These signa where lost, when Crassus was defeated at the battle of Carrhae and their return back to Rome was one of the greatest diplomatic successes Augustus had.

The CL V on the reverse of this issue represents the clipeus virtutis, which was - according to the Res Gestae Divi Augusti, the funerary inscription giving the achievements of Augustus - a golden shield displayed in the Curia Iulia that was given to Augustus by the Senate and the Roman people (Senatus PopulusQue Romanus) in commemoration of his virtue, piety, justice and clemency. Even though it seems to be obvious that Augustus must have been awarded the shield right after he achieved absolute power and declared the restoration of the Republic, Sydenham suggests "that there is no decisive evidence as to the exact date at which the golden shield was conferred, but the coins on which it is represented are of later date than the year BC 27". When, in 19 BC, the Parthians returned the standards they had captured from Crassus in 53, there would have been an excellent opportunity to once again recall Augustus' pietas, one of the virtues recorded on the clipeus.
___________

Purchased from VCoins seller Ancient Artifacts & Treasures, Inc. at the 2013 BRNA Dalton, GA coin show

Sold 25Apr2015 to Lucas Harsh Collection
2 commentsrenegade3220
Augustus.jpg
Augustus As74 viewsAE As, 6 BC. Mint. Rome. Moneyer Volusus Valerius Messalla.
Obv.: CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC P-OT, bare hd. r.
Rev.: VOLVSVS VALER MESSAL IIIVIR A A A F F legend around large SC in field.

RIC 441; C. -; BMC 241; BN 738.
Tanit
arici72tibOR.jpg
Augustus As, RIC I 72 (Tiberius)48 viewsRome mint, Divus Augustus As, Struck under Tiberius, circa AD 15-16 AE, 26mm 9.10g, RIC I 72 (Tiberius); BMCRE 151-154 (Tiberius); BN 44-48 (Tiberius); Cohen 244
O: DIVVS AVGV-STVS • PATER •, radiate head of Divus Augustus left; star above; thunderbolt before
R: S C across field, draped female figure (Livia) seated right, feet on stool, holding scepter in left hand and patera in right
casata137ec
0521175.jpg
Augustus silver denarius RIC 4324 viewsSilver denarius, RIC II, part 1, 43; RSC II 43; BMCRE II 50;
BnF III 36; Hunter I 21, weight 3.3 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm,
Rome mint, Jul - Dec 71 CE.
Obverse: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M, laureate head right.
Reverse simpulum, sprinkler, jug and lituus, AVGVR above, TRI POT below
Roman emperor Vespasian was most famous for building the Flavian
Amphitheater, also known as the Colosseum. Like many Roman emperors,
Vespasian rose in prominence because of his military skills and work ethics.
Following his ten year rule, he left behind a record of restored order,
stability and good government. He was succeeded by his son Titus in 79 CE,
who had been sent to quell the Jewish revolt of 66-70 CE.
2 commentsNORMAN K
Augustus_Secular_games_17_BC.jpg
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.98 views Silver denarius, RIC I 340 (R2), RSC I Julius Caesar 6, BnF I 273, BMCRE I 70, SRCV I 1622, VF, scratch on cheek, pitting, 3.572g, 19.8mm, 180o, Rome mint, moneyer M. Sanquinius, 17 B.C.; obverse AVGVST DIVI F LVDOS SAE (Augustus son of the divine [Julius Caesar], [has made the] secular games), Herald standing left, wearing helmet with two feathers and long robe, winged caduceus in right hand, round shield decorated with six-pointed star on his left arm; reverse M SANQVINIVS III VIR, youthful laureate head (the deified Julius Caesar or Genius Saeculari Novi?) right, above, four-rayed comet (sidus Iulium) with tail; ex CNG auction 145 (9 Aug 2006), lot 254. Very rare.

This type was struck to commemorate the Ludi Saeculares, the Secular Games held by Augustus in 17 B.C. to mark the commencement of a new age inaugurated by the divine Julius Caesar and led by his heir Augustus. The reverse portrait is traditionally identified as the head of a youthful divine Julius Caesar, however, it actually resembles Augustus and may be Genius Saeculari Novi, the personification of the new age.

EX; FORVM Ancient Coins.

*With my sincere thank and appreciation , Photo and Description courtesy of FORVM Ancient Coins Staff.
Per FORVM ; an EF example of this type recently sold on 26 May 2014 for 20,000 CHF (approximately $25,575) plus fees.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
4 commentsSam
1_augustus(2).jpg
Augustus, Rome. 9 BC. Æ Quadrans 18mm, 3,28g. 19 viewsLamia, P. Silius and C. Annius.
Obv: LAMIA SILIVS ANNIVS / S - C, cornucopia.
Rev: III VIR AAA FF, round altar.
RIC 422; BMC 202; C 340; BN I 589.
xanthos
XXX_Aurelian_Fides.jpg
Aurelian - AE antoninianus6 viewsCyzicus
early - summer 272 AD
Issue 5
radiate and cuirassed bust right
IMP AVRELIANVS AVG
Aurelian in military dress right, holding short scepter, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long scepter
FIDES MIL_ITVM
*C
BNC 1154; RIC1st 344
http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/2943

from uncleaned
Johny SYSEL
1345_Aurelian_2553.jpg
Aurelian - AE antoninianus4 viewsSerdica
summer 271 AD
Issue 1, Phase 2
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
IMP AVRELIANVS AVG
Emperor in military dress standing right, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand
IOVI CONSERVATORI
P
BNC 993; RIC1st 265 var.
http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/2553
ex Naumann

rare
Johny SYSEL
931_Aurelian_Concordia.jpg
Aurelian - AE as6 viewsRome
early - IX 275 AD
laureate and cuirassed bust right
IMP AVRELIANVS AVG
Aurelian standing left, wearing military dress, holding long scepter clapsing hand with Severina standing right, radiate bust of Sol above
CONCOR_DIA__AVG
Γ
Issue 11
BNC p.307; RIC1st 80 http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/1874
ex Aurea
Johny SYSEL
772_Aurelian_Iovi.jpg
Aurelian - silvered antoninianus4 viewsSerdica
early 273 – early 274 AD
Issue 4
radiate, cuirassed bust right
IMP AVRELIANVS P AVG
Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand
IOVI CON_SER
S
BNC p.394; RIC1st 264 var.; die match: Vienna (75004, Rohde)
http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/2623

scarcer obverse legend
Johny SYSEL
1409_Aurelian_Cyzicus.jpg
Aurelian - silvered antoninianus2 viewsspring 273 - spring 274 AD
Cyzicus
Issue 8, Phase 3
radiate and cuirassed bust right
IMP AVRELIANVS AVG
female right crowning with wreath Aurelian standing left wearing military dress, holding long scepter
RESTITVTOR ORBIS
BNC 1193 reads IMP AVELIANVS AVG - an engraver's error.; Reference LV 10464-550
http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/2997
3,9g
ex Savoca
Johny SYSEL
714559.jpg
Aurelian Antoninianus - Finest known of type5 viewsAurelian, 270-275, Antoninianus
Siscia mint, struck c. November 270.
Obv: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Aurelian to right.
Rev. GENIVS ILLVR / T (outer, lower-right field), Genius standing, head to left, holding patera and cornucopiae, standard to right.
As RIC 223; BNC 715; RIC V online 2020 (5 recorded therein).
Same dies as the Paris and Vienna specimens, this being the best preserved of the three.
OldMoney
ISL_Ayyubid_Abu_Bakr_I_Album_803.jpg
Ayyubid Dynasty. Al-Adil Abu Bakr I (Al-Adil Saif al-Din Abu-Bakr Ahmed ibn Najm ad-Din Ayyub) (592-615 A.H. = 1196-1218 A.D.)44 viewsAlbum 803 (variant without central annulets)

AR dirham, 2.78 g., 21.14 mm. max, 0°. Struck at the Dimashq mint (Damascus), in 598-608 A.H. (= 1201-1211 A.D.).

Obv: Imam (= the religious leader) al-Nasir / li-Din Allah amir (= commander), on middle two lines; al-mu' / minin (= of the faithful), above and below, fleur at bottom, all within double intertwined trefoil.

Rev: al-malik (= the king) al-'Adil / Abu Bakr ibn Ayyub, on middle two lines; al-din / saif (= sword of the faith), above and below, fleur at bottom, all within double intertwined trefoil.

As is typical with this type, the marginal legends (kalima / mint and date) are off the flan.

The obverse legend cites to the Abbasid Caliph, al-Nasir li-Din Allah (575/6-622 A.H. = 1180-1225 A.D.). The reverse legend cites to the Sultan of Egypt and Syria, al-Adil Saif al-Din Abu Bakr ibn Ayyub, who was the brother of Saladin. From his honorific title Saif al-Din ("Sword of Faith"), he was known to the Crusaders as Saphadin.
Stkp
MISC_AyyubidBalog_629.JPG
Ayyubid. al-Zahir Ghazi (Governor of Halab (now Aleppo) from 581-613 A.H. = 1186-1216 A.D.)106 viewsBalog 596 or 599 ff. or 629 (in which case it was issued posthumously (614-638 A.H. = 1218-1241 A.D.)).

AR dirham, 18-22 mm. Struck at the Halab mint. Dated but the date is unreadable.

Obv: al-Imam / al-Nasir Ahmed. / al-Malik al-Adil / Abu Bakr, in four lines within hexagram. La Ilaha Illa Allah. Muhammed Rasul Allah (Kalima), in margin.

Rev: al-Malik / al-Zahir Ghazi / ibn Yusuf bin / Ayyub, in four lines within hexagram. Duribe bi-Halab sene [date], in margin.

Note: al-Zahir Ghazi was the third son of Saladin (Salah ad-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub). The lands that he was assigned to govern were under the control of his uncle, Al-Adil I (al-Malik al-Adil Sayf al-Din Abu-Bakr ibn Ayyub), who was Saladin’s younger brother.
Stkp
ISL_Ayyubid_Al_Zahir_Ghazi_Ghiyath.jpg
Ayyubids, Branch at Aleppo (Halab), al-Zahir Ghiyath al-Din Ghazi ibn Yusuf (al-Zahir Ghazi) (emir of Aleppo 1186-1216 A.D = 582-613 A.H.)4 viewsBalog 671, 674 or 676, most probably Balog 674; Album 838.4

AE fals, Halab mint, dated 604 A.H. = 1207/08 A.D., 607 A.H. = 1210/11 A.D. or 609 A.H. = 1211/12 A.D., most likely 607 A.H. (scarce with legible date, per Album); 4.39 g., 23.08 mm. max. 180°

Obv.: Border of pellets within which is an eight-pointed star, within which is an eight-pointed star of pellets; al-malik / al-Zahir in two lines in center; mint and date (counterclockwise) in margin segments.

Rev.: Border of pellets within which is an eight-pointed star, within which is an eight-pointed star of pellets; al-imam / al-Nasir (refering to caliph al-Nasir [1180-1225 A.D. = 575-622 A.H.]) in two lines in center; Kalima (counterclockwise) in margin segments.

al-Zahir Ghazi was the third son of al-Nasir Salah al-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub (Saladin) (1169-1193 A.D. = 564-589 A.H.), the first sultan of Egypt and Syria and founder of the Ayyubid dynasty.

Album rarity C

Dating assistance courtesy of Alex Koifman.
Stkp
Baktria_ApollodotusI_Bop4a.jpg
Baktria, Apollodotus I10 viewsBaktria, Apollodotus I Soter. 180-160 BC. AR Square Drachm (2.42 gm). Elephant stdg r., ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΠΟΛΛOΔOTΟΥ ΣΩTHPOΣ, AI monogram in ex. / Humped bull standing r. Karosthi legend Maharajasa Apaladatasa tradarasa (of Great King Apollodotos the Savior). Ex: AP monogram. aEF. Pegasi VI #233. BOP BN19 4A; SNG ANS 303-308; Sear 2591; HGC 119 C.Christian T
normal_BNS_token~0.jpg
Belgian Numismatic Society 30mm Brass Token - 187539 viewsBelgian Numismatic Society Token (brass, 30 mm) , minted 1875.
obv.: Coat of arms.
rev.: Inscription reads "Royal Numismatic Society of Belgium - Souvenir of meeting 9th of May 1875.

ex Barry & Darling

$22
1 commentsareich
158~1.JPG
Bronze au renard, -100/-52 21 viewsBronze, 1,49 g, 13 mm.
A/ Tête à gauche.
R/ "renard" à gauche, roue ornée dessous.
Réfs : DT série 1145, BnF 3966-69 ; Nash 1978, 394-397
Gabalor
15~2.JPG
Bronze au renard, -100/-5226 viewsBronze, 1,23 g, 12 mm.
A/ Tête à gauche.
R/ "renard" à gauche, roue ornée dessous.
Réfs : DT série 1145, BnF 3966-69 ; Nash 1978, 394-397
Gabalor
174.JPG
Bronze CALEDU, -75/-5042 viewsBronze, 2,39 g, 17 mm.
A/ Tête à droite, losange pointé derrière, CALIIDV devant dans un cartouche.
R/ Cheval galopant à gauche, roue à quatre rayons cantonnés de cercles dessus, fleuron dessous.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3931 ; LT 3931 ; BnF 3931-3935 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 204 ; DT 3569 ; RIG, type 89.
Gabalor
176.JPG
Bronze CALEDU, -75/-5033 viewsBronze, 1,89 g, 17 mm.
A/ Tête à droite, losange pointé derrière, CALIIDV devant dans un cartouche.
R/ Cheval galopant à gauche, roue à quatre rayons cantonnés de cercles dessus, fleuron dessous.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3931 ; LT 3931 ; BnF 3931-3935 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 204 ; DT 3569 ; RIG, type 89.
Gabalor
3.JPG
Bronze CALEDU, -75/-5049 viewsBronze, 2,94 g, 19 mm.
A/ Tête à droite, losange pointé derrière, CALIIDV devant dans un cartouche.
R/ Cheval galopant à gauche, roue à quatre rayons cantonnés de cercles dessus, fleuron dessous.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3931 ; LT 3931 ; BnF 3931-3935 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 204 ; DT 3569 ; RIG, type 89.
1 commentsGabalor
017~3.JPG
Bronze CALEDU, -75/-5023 viewsBronze, 2,22 g, 17 mm.
A/ Tête à droite, losange pointé derrière, CALIIDV devant dans un cartouche.
R/ Cheval galopant à gauche, roue à quatre rayons cantonnés de cercles dessus, fleuron dessous.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3931 ; LT 3931 ; BnF 3931-3935 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 204 ; DT 3569 ; RIG, type 89.
Gabalor
156.JPG
Bronze CICEDU BRI/EPAD, -75/-5037 viewsBronze, 2,42 g, 17 mm.
A/ Tête à droite, étoilebouletée derrière, CICIIDV BRI devant
R/ Cavalier au galop à droite portant une lance, deux S couchés dessous, IIPAD en exergue
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3894 ; LT 3894 ; BnF 3886-3899 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 200 ; DT 3594-3595 ; RIG, type 106.
Gabalor
060~6.JPG
Bronze CICEDU BRI/EPAD, -75/-5027 viewsBronze, 2,51 g, 18 mm.
A/ Tête à droite, étoilebouletée derrière, CICIIDV BRI devant
R/ Cavalier au galop à droite portant une lance, deux S couchés dessous, IIPAD en exergue
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3894 ; LT 3894 ; BnF 3886-3899 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 200 ; DT 3594-3595 ; RIG, type 106.
Gabalor
172.JPG
Bronze DONNADU, -90/-5027 viewsBronze, 1,68 g, 17 mm.
A/ Tête à gauche, anneau centré d'un point derrière, DONNADV devant.
R/ Cavalier au galop à droite, deux S couchés dessous.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3921 ; LT 3921 ; BnF 3921-3930 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 240 ; DT série 1223 ; RIG, type 138.
Le gaulois qui a frappé cette monnaie avait abusé de cervoise !!!!
Gabalor
120~3.JPG
Bronze DONNADU, -90/-5017 viewsBronze, 2,17 g, 18 mm.
A/ Tête à gauche, anneau centré d'un point derrière, DONNADV devant.
R/ Cavalier au galop à droite, deux S couchés dessous.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3921 ; LT 3921 ; BnF 3921-3930 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 240 ; DT série 1223 ; RIG, type 138.
Gabalor
131.JPG
Bronze DONNADU, -90/-50 30 viewsBronze, 2,39 g, 17,5 mm.
A/ Tête à gauche, anneau centré d'un point derrière, DONNIIDV devant.
R/ Cavalier au galop à droite, deux S couchés dessous.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3921 ; LT 3921 ; BnF 3921-3930 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 240 ; DT série 1223 ; RIG, type 138.
1 commentsGabalor
114~5.JPG
Bronze DONNADU, -90/-5024 viewsBronze, 2,13 g, 19 mm.
A/ Tête à gauche, anneau centré d'un point derrière, DONNADV devant.
R/ Cavalier au galop à droite, deux S couchés dessous.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3921 ; LT 3921 ; BnF 3921-3930 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 240 ; DT série 1223 ; RIG, type 138.
Gabalor
103~1.JPG
Bronze EPAD, -50/-2514 viewsBronze, 1,61 g, 18 mm.
A/ Tête coiffée d'un casque à panache à droite, IIPAD devant (exemplaire à double frappe de l'avers).
R/ Guerrier debout, tenant un insigne militaire, une lance et un bouclier, casque à panache au sol.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3907 ; BnF 3907-3920 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 238 ; DT 3607 ; RIG, type 161.
Gabalor
111~6.JPG
Bronze EPAD, -50/-2515 viewsBronze, 1,99 g, 17 mm.
A/ Tête coiffée d'un casque à panache à droite, IIPAD devant.
R/ Guerrier debout, tenant un insigne militaire, une lance et un bouclier, casque à panache au sol.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3907 ; BnF 3907-3920 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 238 ; DT 3607 ; RIG, type 161.
Gabalor
162.JPG
Bronze EPAD, -50/-2515 viewsBronze, 1,73 g, 15 mm.
A/ Tête coiffée d'un casque à panache à droite, IIPAD devant.
R/ Guerrier debout, tenant un insigne militaire, une lance et un bouclier, casque à panache au sol.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3907 ; BnF 3907-3920 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 238 ; DT 3607 ; RIG, type 161.
Gabalor
017~1.JPG
Bronze EPAD, -50/-2517 viewsBronze, 2,47 g, 18 mm.
A/ Tête coiffée d'un casque à panache à droite, IIPAD devant.
R/ Guerrier debout, tenant un insigne militaire, une lance et un bouclier, casque à panache au sol.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3907 ; BnF 3907-3920 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 238 ; DT 3607 ; RIG, type 161.
Gabalor
086~3.JPG
Bronze EPAD, -50/-2510 viewsBronze, 1,84 g, 15 mm.
A/ Tête coiffée d'un casque à panache à droite, EPAD devant.
R/ Guerrier debout, tenant un insigne militaire, une lance et un bouclier, casque à panache au sol.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3907 ; BnF 3907-3920 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 238 ; DT 3607 ; RIG, type 161.
Gabalor
144~2.JPG
Bronze EPOS, -90/-50 17 viewsBronze, 1,69 g, 16 mm.
A/ Tête à gauche.
R/ Echassier à gauche, IIPOS devant.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3952 ; LT 3952 ; BnF 3950-3962 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 243 ; DT série 1196 ; RIG, type 167.
Gabalor
127~3.JPG
Bronze MOTUIDIACA,-90/-50. 20 viewsBronze, 2,54 g, 20 mm.
A/ Tête à gauche avec collier de perles (portrait inhabituel pour ce type)
R/ Hippocampe à gauche, MOTVIDIACA autour.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3994 ; LT 3994 ; BnF 3990-4005 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 242 ; DT série 1193 ; RIG, type 208.
Gabalor
022~0.JPG
Bronze MOTUIDIACA,-90/-50.43 viewsBronze, 2,56 g, 20 mm.
A/ Tête à gauche.
R/ Hippocampe à gauche, MOTVIDIACA autour.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3994 ; LT 3994 ; BnF 3990-4005 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 242 ; DT série 1193 ; RIG, type 208.
Gabalor
188.JPG
Bronze VERCA, -40/-1024 viewsBronze, 1,03 g, 15 mm.
A/ Tête à gauche, bandeau dans les cheveux, VERCA devant
R/ Cheval au pas à droite, anneau dessus.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3943 ; LT 3943 ; BnF 3936-3947 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 239 ; DT 3608 ; RIG, type 301
Gabalor
R-13_Byzantine.jpg
Byzantine AE Pentanummium of Anastasius I (491 - 518 CE)20 viewsByzantine AE Pentanummium of Anastasius I (491 - 518 CE)

AE, 2 gr., 13mm

As best I can figure out...
Obverse: D N ANASTASIVS PP AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Reverse: Large E containing two pellets; to r., officina letter "B".

Reference: Sear Byzantine 29, DOC 26b, BMC 55-56, MIB 39, BNP 95-97, R. 368
Daniel F
Constans_II_Gold_solidus.jpg
Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.43 viewsGold solidus, DOC II-2 Heraclonas 1c (not in the coll., refs. T.), Hahn MIB 3a, Tolstoi 13, Sommer 12.1, SBCV 936, Wroth BMC -, Morrison BnF -; Ratto -, VF, well centered, double strike, some legend weak, light scratches and bumps, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, weight 4.479g, maximum diameter 20.6mm, die axis 180o, Sep 641 - 642/644 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINYS P P AVG, crowned and cuirassed beardless bust facing, small head, wearing chlamys, crown ornamented with cross on circlet, globus cruciger in right hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGY H, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue.

FORVM / The Sam Mansourati Collection.

In 641, when Heraclius died, he was succeeded by his sons Constantine III and Heracleonas. When Constantine III died after only a few months, the Byzantine people suspected that Heracleonas had poisoned him. Heracleonas was deposed, mutilated and banished. Constans II, the son of Constantine III, became emperor. This type is attributed to Heraclonas in DOC II-2 and Morrison BnF but today it is accepted as the first issue of Constantine II.
5 commentsSam
Sear-53(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Anastasius I (491-518 CE) Æ Pentanummium, Antioch (Sear-53; DOC 49b; MIBE 62)13 viewsObv: Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Anastasius I right
Rev: Large Є with pellet above and below central bar; ABN to the right
Quant.Geek
Sear-665(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Phocas (602-610) Æ Follis, Cyzicus, RY 7 (Sear-665; DOC 74; Wroth BMC 90; Tolstoi 77; Ratto 1237; Morrisson BnF 6; Hahn MIB 76)13 viewsObv: D N FOCA PERP AVΓ, bust facing, wearing crown with pendilia and consular robes, mappa in right, cross in left, small cross in left field
Rev: XXXX (40 nummi), ANNO above, G (year 6) right, KYZA in exergue;
Quant.Geek
heraclius~1.jpg
Byzantine Heraclius quarter siliqua - UNIQUE3 viewsHaraclius, AR quarter siliqua, mint of Carthage.
10 mm ; 0.25 gr.
Obv. D.N.ERACAIO PP AV (or similar). Crowned, dr. and cuir. bust facing, beardless.
Rev. Cross potent, with star in each angle.

D.O. ..., BMC ..., T ...., R ...., BN ...(but now in BN), MIB 150 ; Sear 871a

Unique
Tanit
theodosius~0.jpg
Byzantine Theodosius 1/3 Siliqua12 viewsTheodosius, son of Maurice Tiberius (590-602).
1/3 Siliqua (200 Nummi). Carthage, 592-597.
AR 0.3 gr.
DNTHEODO SIVSPPA. Bust facing, wearing cuirass and crown with trefoil ornament above circle.
Rv. Large N • M; above, +; beneath, CC, all within circle of dots surrounded by wreath.

BNC Maurice Tiberius 6; MIB Maurice Tiberius 62; Sear 615A.


Extremely rare.
1 commentsTanit
346_anastasius_complete.jpg
BYZANTINE, Anastasius, Half-follis, Nikomedia40 viewscopper, 3,9gr, 19-20mm, rare,

MIB 47, DO 31, BMC 63, BN 3-7, Sear 38
Franz-Josef M
heraclius~2.jpg
Byzantine, Heraclius, quarter siliqua - UNIQUE4 viewsHaraclius, AR quarter siliqua, mint of Carthage.
10 mm ; 0.25 gr.
Obv. D.N.ERACAIO PP AV (or similar). Crowned, dr. and cuir. bust facing, beardless.
Rev. Cross potent, with star in each angle.

D.O. ..., BMC ..., T ...., R ...., BN ...(but now in BN), MIB 150 ; Sear 871a

Unique
Tanit
BNm5xi2Q4Tp6ac7DEpt9fX33Kka86g.jpg
BYZANTINE, Latin Rule Half Tetarteron S-2058223 viewsOBV Bust of Virgin nimbate, wearing tunic and maphorion

REV Leaved patriarchal cross.

17mm 1.59gm

Personally I think this is the nicest of the Latin designs and this one is the best I have seen. I just added it to my collection.
1 commentsSimon
Trajan_Drachm_Caesarea.jpg
Caesarea Drachm 36 viewsAR Drachm, about 100 BC
16mm
Rev. shows head of Zeus Ammon r.
15mm, 1.72g
SNG BN Paris 336; SNG Levante 100 ff. var. (no guarantee)
2 commentsklausklage
!CEu!1qgB2k~_(KGrHqUOKisE0s2IJLGyBNSwVed16!~~_12.JPG
Caesarea Maritima. Herennia Etruscilla, 249-251 AD Æ 27mm39 viewsMaritima
5Rcc6o3M8EiABn7sFjP6W2gNzN4rJ9.jpg
CAIUS “CALIGULA”, AS, ROME MINT14 viewsCAIUS “CALIGULA”, AS, ROME MINT, VESTA, RIC 38
Ancient Coins - CAIUS “CALIGULA”, AS, ROME MINT, VESTA, RIC 38 zoom view
Caius “Caligula”
AE as
Rome mint
Obv: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT
Bare head left
Rev: VESTA SC
Vesta seated left holding patera and transverse sceptre
RIC 38
Probably the WORST Caligula as offered on VCoins BUT the type is clearly identifiable from the remaining obverse legend and can be used as a space filler.
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
FotorCreated~10.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Nomos circa 302-280 BC 20mm 7.96g30 viewsNude youth on horseback right crowning horse,behind and above EA, in two lines below APE-O?N.Rev Taras riding dolphin left holding tripod in right hand below AE-TAPAE.
This group,Evans,Period 6 is the last before the reform reducing the weight of the nomos.
Grant H
imgonline-com-ua-twotoone-3qs59GR6xcPDlCaligula_2.jpg
Caligula (Augustus) Coin: Brass Dupondius 8 viewsNERO ET DRVSVS CAESARES - Nero and Drusus on horseback riding right
C. CAESAR. DIVI. AVG. PRON. AVG. P. M. TR. P. III. P. P. around large S. C. - Legend surrounding large S C
Mint: Rome (39-40 AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 13.04g / 32mm / 6h
Rarity: R3
References:
RIC I 42 (Gaius)
BMCRE p. 156, n. ‡
Provenances:
Artemide Aste
Acquisition/Sale: Artemide Aste Internet 46e #266 $0.00 02/19

The Gary R. Wilson Collection

The TR P III (39-40 AD) date of Caligula's base coinage is the scarcest of all his dates. The TR P (37-38 AD) is the most common followed by his TR P IIII (40-41 AD). Caligula did not issue base coinage from Rome with the TR P II (38-39 AD) date.

From: Incitatus Coins
Nero and Drusus were the elder brothers of Caligula, and the sons of Germanicus. Both were heirs of Tiberius and both were killed by the machinations of Sejanus. Caligula survived Sejanus, and the subsequent years, to become emperor. He immediately proclaimed his informed uncle Claudius as his co-consul, an appointment made so that Caligula could, in essence, rule as sole consul. Claudius was given the modest
task of preparing a celebration of Caligula's brothers, including statues in their honor. According to 'I Claudius', Claudius encountered difficulty in completing these statues on time. The completed statues appear on this coinage.

ODERINT, DUM METUANT (LET THEM HATE, SO LONG AS THEY FEAR). — CALIGULA


From Joe Geranio:
The dupondii issues of the brothers of Caligula , Nero and Drusus Caesar was no doubt to remind the Roman populace about the Dioscuri the saviors of the Roman state. The Dioscuri won a miraculous battle in 496 B.C. and then on the same day appear in the Roman Forum to tell the populace about the victory, no doubt Caligula wanted to associate himself with the Dioscuri with this issue of the gods represented as Nero and Drusus Caesars galloping on their horses with ease as though the wind is blowing in their hair. This familial propaganda would cement that the sons of Germanicus and Agrippina would reign and were in control.

This type was issued by Caligula for his two deceased brothers, Nero Julius Caesar and Drusus Julius Caesar Germanicus. Nero Caesar was Tiberius' oldest adoptive grandson and was the emperor's most obvious successor until 29 A.D. when he was accused of treason along with his mother, Agrippina the Elder. He was exiled to the island of Ponza where he was either induced to commit suicide or starved to death before October 31. In 30, his brother Drusus Caesar was also accused of treason and exiled and imprisoned. He starved to death in prison in 33, reduced to chewing the stuffing of his bed.

From Suetonius:
But he (Claudius) was exposed also to actual dangers. First in his very consulship, when he was all but deposed, because he had been somewhat slow in contracting for and setting up the statues of Nero and Drusus, the emperor's brothers.


From COINWEEK:
THE ANNALS OF THE ROMAN HISTORIAN TACITUS (56 – 117 CE) survived in one damaged medieval manuscript at the Monte Cassino monastery. The section covering the reign of Emperor Caligula is missing, and we rely largely on fragmentary chapters of Cassius Dio’s Roman History (155-235 CE) and the Twelve Caesars of Suetonius (c.69 – 140 CE), a gossip writer who was the Perez Hilton of Imperial Rome. There are few contemporary eyewitness sources – some passages in the writings of Seneca (4 BCE – 65 CE) and Philo of Alexandria (c. 25 BCE – 50 CE ).

The story is not a happy one.

The future emperor was born on August 31 in the year 12, probably at Antium (Anzio) south of Rome. His father Germanicus, nephew of Emperor Tiberius, was a successful and popular general. His mother, Agrippina “the Elder”, was the daughter of Marcus Agrippa, the brilliant organizer who was largely responsible for Octavian’s victory in the Roman civil war (32-30 BCE).

“Caligula” is a nickname. It means “little boot” in Latin, because as a child he wore a miniature military uniform including tiny hobnailed boots, much to the delight of his father’s veteran legionaries. He grew up to dislike it. His given name, which appears on his coins, variously abbreviated, was Gaius (or Caius) Julius Caesar Germanicus. “Caesar” here is not a title, but a personal name, inherited through Germanicus Julius Caesar, grandson of Emperor Augustus, the adopted son of the famous Julius Caesar (100 – 44 BCE).

A New Hope
“TO MAKE AN INEXPERIENCED AND ALMOST UNKNOWN YOUNG MAN, BROUGHT UP UNDER A SERIES OF AGED AND REPRESSIVE GUARDIANS, MASTER OF THE WORLD, ALMOST LITERALLY OVERNIGHT, ON THE SOLE RECOMMENDATION THAT HIS FATHER HAD BEEN A THOROUGHLY DECENT FELLOW WAS TO COURT DISASTER IN A QUITE IRRESPONSIBLE FASHION.”
–BARRETT, CALIGULA: THE CORRUPTION OF POWER (1990)

When the reclusive, miserly and increasingly paranoid Emperor Tiberius died on March 16, 37 CE at the age of 78, most Romans greeted Caligula’s accession joyfully. Caligula’s early coinage celebrates his descent from his great-grandfather, the deified Augustus.

Caligula’s laurel-crowned portrait appears on the obverse of his gold aurei and silver denarii surrounded by his titles. On one reverse, which bears no inscription, the head of Augustus, wearing the sun god’s spiky radiate crown, appears between two stars. Another type omits the stars and adds the inscription, “Divine Augustus, Father of the Nation”. On some examples, the portrait seems to have the features of the unpopular Tiberius, who was never deified by the Senate. Perhaps the mint engravers, who had copied and recopied the portrait of Tiberius for 22 years, automatically reproduced a familiar face.

On his birthday in the year 37, Caligula dedicated the Temple of Augustus, which had been under construction for over two decades in the Roman forum. The event is commemorated on a magnificent brass sestertius. On the obverse a veiled seated figure is labeled PIETAS (“piety”) – an untranslatable Latin term for the Roman virtue that combined profound respect for ancestral traditions and meticulous observance of ritual obligations. The reverse shows Caligula in his role as Pontifex Maximus, high priest of the state religion, sacrificing an ox before a richly decorated temple. The finest known example of this coin sold for over $269,000 USD in a November 2013 Swiss auction.

Addressing the Guards
The orderly succession and survival of any Roman emperor depended on the Praetorian Guard, an elite force of bodyguards stationed in the capital. It was organized into nine battalions, or “cohorts”, each of 500 to 1,000 men.

On his accession, one of Caligula’s first official acts was to present each guardsman with a thousand sestertii bequeathed by Tiberius in his will, adding another thousand of his own. The reverse of a rare bronze sestertius, which may have been specially struck for this payment, shows Caligula standing on a platform with his arm raised in a formal gesture of greeting to a rank of guards. The abbreviated inscription ADLOCUT COH means “Address to the Cohorts”. Remarkably, this coin lacks the inscription SC (“by decree of the Senate”), which normally appeared on all Roman bronze coinage. An outstanding example of this type (“undoubtedly the finest specimen known”) brought over $634,000 in a 2014 European auction.

Family Ties
Caligula issued numerous types honoring the memory of his parents. Some of these continued under the reign of his uncle and successor, Claudius.

A handsome brass dupondius (worth half a sestertius or two asses) shows Germanicus riding in a chariot, celebrating his triumph (May 26, 17 CE) over German tribes. On the reverse, Germanicus stands in armor, holding an eagle-tipped scepter as a symbol of command. The inscription reads, “Standards Regained From the Defeated Germans”. This commemorates the return of sacred eagle standards captured when Roman legions of P. Quinctilius Varus were ambushed and annihilated eight years previously (September, 9 CE) in the Teutoburg Forest of north-central Germany. Examples of this type have sold for $500 to $3,000 in recent auctions.

Agrippina the Elder, mother of Caligula, was honored on a bronze sestertius. The obverse inscription surrounding her strong, dignified portrait translates: “Agrippina, daughter of Marcus, mother of emperor Gaius Caesar”. On the reverse, the legend “To the Memory of Agrippina” appears beside a carpentum, a ceremonial cart drawn by two mules that paraded an image of Agrippina on special occasions.

A superb, pedigreed example of this coin (“Very rare and among the finest specimens known. A delicate portrait of sublime style, Tiber tone”) sold for over $98,000 in a November 2013 Swiss auction. More typical examples sell for $1,000 to $3,000.

Perhaps the best-known coin of Caligula is a rare sestertius that depicts his three sisters, Agrippina the Younger, Drusilla and Julia Livilla as the personifications of Securitas, Concordia and Fortuna respectively. Caligula was close to his sisters, and lavished public honors on them in a way that shocked traditional Roman values. This inevitably led later writers to charge the emperor with incestuous relations, a rumor that is almost certainly false.

In recent auctions, exceptional examples of this type have sold for prices ranging from $15,000 to 21,000. Worn or corroded examples that have been “tooled” to improve the detail can sometimes be found for under $2,000. Cast forgeries are common, mostly modern, some dating back to the Renaissance that are collectable in their own right.

Small Change
Perhaps the most enigmatic coin of Caligula’s reign was the smallest regular Roman denomination, the quadrans. It took 64 of these little coppers to equal the value of one silver denarius – a day’s pay for a manual worker. On the obverse, the emperor’s name and titles surround a “liberty cap” – the felt hat worn by freed slaves – bracketed by the letters “SC”. The reverse inscription continues the emperor’s titles, surrounding the large letters “RCC”.

For many years, the consensus of numismatic scholars was that this abbreviation stood for remissa ducentesima, celebrating Caligula’s repeal of an unpopular one-half percent sales tax (“one part in two hundred” – “CC” being the Roman numeral for 200). A brilliant 2010 study by David Woods argues that this interpretation is unlikely, and RCC probably stands for something like res civium conservatae (“the interests of citizens have been preserved”).

The quadrans is probably the most affordable coin of Caligula, with decent examples appearing at auction for under $100.

The Making of a Monster
SO MUCH FOR CALIGULA THE EMPEROR; THE REST OF THIS HISTORY MUST NEEDS DEAL WITH CALIGULA THE MONSTER.
— SUETONIUS, THE TWELVE CAESARS, 22.1

Caligula fell seriously ill in October, 37 CE. After he recovered, his personality (always rather dark) took a decided turn for the worse. He became increasingly paranoid, ordering the execution or forcing the suicide of many who were previously close to him. He reportedly took special delight in having people tortured to death in his presence. As his increasingly bizarre expenditures emptied the treasury, he had wealthy Romans executed in order to seize their assets. Nevertheless, Suetonius reports that Caligula was devoted and faithful to his fourth and last wife, Milonia Caesonia, “who was neither beautiful nor young”.



The Death of Caligula

On January 24, 41 CE, conspirators including Cassius Chaerea, an officer of the Praetorian Guard, stabbed Caligula to death as he left a theatrical performance. Caesonia and her young daughter were also murdered. The only certainly identifiable contemporary portrait of Caesonia appears on a rare provincial bronze issued by Caligula’s childhood friend, Herod Agrippa I (11 BCE – 44 CE), the Roman client-king of Judaea.

Collecting the Monster
Gold and silver issues of Caligula are scarce, and in high demand from collectors, especially those determined to complete a set of the “Twelve Caesars” – all the Roman rulers from Julius Caesar to Domitian. Some of the bronzes are quite common, particularly the bronze as with Vesta reverse – decent examples can be found at auction for well under $200. For bronzes in the highest grades, with pristine surfaces and untouched patinas, the sky’s the limit.

For an emperor who was supposedly feared and hated by the Romans by the end of his short reign – only three years and 10 months – Caligula’s coins seem to have a good survival rate, and few that reach the numismatic market are mutilated. Some have the first ‘C’ of the emperor’s personal name filed off or scratched out, but it is rare to find deliberate ancient gouges or cuts across the portrait.

Any collector approaching the coinage of Caligula seeking evidence of madness, decadence and depravity will be disappointed. Coinage is conservative, and these coins present an idealized portrait of a rather dorky young man, along with a series of stock images reflecting the conventions of classical art that the Romans adopted from the Greeks
Gary W2
Nero_and_Drusus_Caes.jpg
Caligula (Augustus) Coin: Brass Dupondius 6 viewsNERO ET DRVSVS CAESARES - Nero and Drusus Caesar on horseback riding r., cloaks flying behind them.
C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR P IIII PP - Legend around S C
Exergue:



Mint: Rome (40-41AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 15.99g / 29mm / 180
Rarity: R2
References:
Cohen 2
RIC Gaius 49
BMC Gaius 70
CBN Gaius 120
Provenances:
Bertolami Fine Arts
Acquisition/Sale: Bertolami Finearts Vcoins

ODERINT, DUM METUANT (LET THEM HATE, SO LONG AS THEY FEAR). — CALIGULA

From: Incitatus Coins
Nero and Drusus were the elder brothers of Caligula, and the sons of Germanicus. Both were heirs of Tiberius and both were killed by the machinations of Sejanus. Caligula survived Sejanus, and the subsequent years, to become emperor. He immediately proclaimed his informed uncle Claudius as his co-consul, an appointment made so that Caligula could, in essence, rule as sole consul. Claudius was given the modest
task of preparing a celebration of Caligula's brothers, including statues in their honor. According to 'I Claudius', Claudius encountered difficulty in completing these statues on time. The completed statues appear on this coinage.

From Joe Geranio:
The dupondii issues of the brothers of Caligula , Nero and Drusus Caesar was no doubt to remind the Roman populace about the Dioscuri the saviors of the Roman state. The Dioscuri won a miraculous battle in 496 B.C. and then on the same day appear in the Roman Forum to tell the populace about the victory, no doubt Caligula wanted to associate himself with the Dioscuri with this issue of the gods represented as Nero and Drusus Caesars galloping on their horses with ease as though the wind is blowing in their hair. This familial propaganda would cement that the sons of Germanicus and Agrippina would reign and were in control.

Historical Context

Suetonius states in (Caligula 22.1-2) “Up until now I have been discussing Caligula in his capacity as an emperor; we must now consider him in his capacity as a monster….

Eventually Caligula began to claim for himself a Divine majesty;…..he extended a part of the Palatine palace all the way out to the Forum, transforming the Temple of Castor and Pollux into an entrance hall for the Palace. There in the Temple he would often take his seat between the twin gods, presenting himself for worship to those he approached.”

Dio, (History 59.28.5) states, “ Caligula went so far as to divide in two the Temple of the Dioscuri in the Roman Forum, making a passageway to the Palatine that went right between the two cult statues. As a result, he was fond of saying that he regarded the Dioscuri as his gate-keepers. NEW ARCHAEOLOGY: Regarding the extension from the palace - http://news.stanford.edu/news/2003/september10/caligula-910.html Stanford Report, September 10, 2003, this was thought for years until 2003 to have been impossible.
Did Caligula have a God complex?

From Suetonius:
But he (Claudius) was exposed also to actual dangers. First in his very consulship, when he was all but deposed, because he had been somewhat slow in contracting for and setting up the statues of Nero and Drusus, the emperor's brothers.

From Roma:
Nero and Drusus were the brothers of the future emperor Caligula, and the children of Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder. More significantly Tiberius adopted both sons as grandchildren, and it was thought that Nero, being the oldest, would succeed Tiberius. However, Nero and his mother were accused of treason in 29 AD, and Nero’s demise quickly followed when he was exiled to the island of Ponza. Drusus suffered a similar fate a year later in 30 AD and, having been accused of plotting against his Grandfather and Emperor, he was thrown into prison in 33 AD where he was left to starve.

Additional images:
The Circus of Caligula and Nero

Circus of Nero (or Circus of Gaius (Caligula)) was a circus in ancient Rome placed at the location of today's Basilica of St. Peter in Vatican. All that is left today of this circus is obelisk that stood at its center.

Caligula (31 August 12 AD - 22 January 41 AD), a Roman emperor, began construction of this circus in the year 40 AD on the land of his mother, Agrippina. Claudius, who succeeded him, finished construction. Grimaldi says that the circus was 90 meters wide and 161 long. It was a place where Caligula and Nero trained racing with four horse chariots. In 65 AD, the first fist public persecution of Christians happened in this circus and Christian tradition says that Saint Peter lost his life there two years later. Saint Peter's tomb is in this area, in the cemetery near where the Circus was. Obelisk that stood in the center was placed there by Caligula. It was later (in 16th century) moved to Saint Peter's Square by the architect Domenico Fontana.

The Circus was abandoned by the middle of the 2nd century AD so Constantine built the first basilica (Old St. Peter) at the site of the Circus using some of the existing structure. Most of the ruins of the Circus survived until mid-15th century. They were finally destroyed to make a space for the construction of the new St. Peter's Basilica.
Gary W2
40_AD_NERO___DRUSUS_.jpg
Caligula (Augustus) Coin: Brass Dupondius 6 viewsNERO ET DRVSVS CAESARES - Statue of Nero and Drusus Caesar riding right cloaks flying
C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT - Legend surrounding S C
Mint: Rome (37-38AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 12.50g / 29mm / 180
Rarity: Scarce
References:
RIC 1-Gaius 34
BMCRE 44 (Caligula
BN 52 (Caligula)
Provenances:
Incitatus Coins
Acquisition/Sale: Incitatus Coins Vcoins

From: Incitatus Coins
Nero and Drusus were the elder brothers of Caligula, and the sons of Germanicus. Both were heirs of Tiberius and both were killed by the machinations of Sejanus. Caligula survived Sejanus, and the subsequent years, to become emperor. He immediately proclaimed his informed uncle Claudius as his co-consul, an appointment made so that Caligula could, in essence, rule as sole consul. Claudius was given the modest
task of preparing a celebration of Caligula's brothers, including statues in their honor. According to 'I Claudius', Claudius encountered difficulty in completing these statues on time. The completed statues appear on this coinage.

ODERINT, DUM METUANT (LET THEM HATE, SO LONG AS THEY FEAR). — CALIGULA


From Joe Geranio:
The dupondii issues of the brothers of Caligula , Nero and Drusus Caesar was no doubt to remind the Roman populace about the Dioscuri the saviors of the Roman state. The Dioscuri won a miraculous battle in 496 B.C. and then on the same day appear in the Roman Forum to tell the populace about the victory, no doubt Caligula wanted to associate himself with the Dioscuri with this issue of the gods represented as Nero and Drusus Caesars galloping on their horses with ease as though the wind is blowing in their hair. This familial propaganda would cement that the sons of Germanicus and Agrippina would reign and were in control.

This type was issued by Caligula for his two deceased brothers, Nero Julius Caesar and Drusus Julius Caesar Germanicus. Nero Caesar was Tiberius' oldest adoptive grandson and was the emperor's most obvious successor until 29 A.D. when he was accused of treason along with his mother, Agrippina the Elder. He was exiled to the island of Ponza where he was either induced to commit suicide or starved to death before October 31. In 30, his brother Drusus Caesar was also accused of treason and exiled and imprisoned. He starved to death in prison in 33, reduced to chewing the stuffing of his bed.

From Suetonius:
But he (Claudius) was exposed also to actual dangers. First in his very consulship, when he was all but deposed, because he had been somewhat slow in contracting for and setting up the statues of Nero and Drusus, the emperor's brothers.

From Roma:
Nero and Drusus were the brothers of the future emperor Caligula, and the children of Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder. More significantly Tiberius adopted both sons as grandchildren, and it was thought that Nero, being the oldest, would succeed Tiberius. However, Nero and his mother were accused of treason in 29 AD, and Nero’s demise quickly followed when he was exiled to the island of Ponza. Drusus suffered a similar fate a year later in 30 AD and, having been accused of plotting against his Grandfather and Emperor, he was thrown into prison in 33 AD where he was left to starve.
Gary W2
Nero_and_Drusus_Caes~0.jpg
Caligula (Augustus) Coin: Brass Dupondius12 viewsNERO ET DRVSVS CAESARES - Nero and Drusus Caesar on horseback riding r., cloaks flying behind them.
C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR P IIII PP - Legend around S C
Exergue:



Mint: Rome (40-41AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 15.99g / 29mm / 180
Rarity: R2
References:
Cohen 2
RIC Gaius 49
BMC Gaius 70
CBN Gaius 120
Provenances:
Bertolami Fine Arts
Acquisition/Sale: Bertolami Finearts Vcoins

ODERINT, DUM METUANT (LET THEM HATE, SO LONG AS THEY FEAR). — CALIGULA

From: Incitatus Coins
Nero and Drusus were the elder brothers of Caligula, and the sons of Germanicus. Both were heirs of Tiberius and both were killed by the machinations of Sejanus. Caligula survived Sejanus, and the subsequent years, to become emperor. He immediately proclaimed his informed uncle Claudius as his co-consul, an appointment made so that Caligula could, in essence, rule as sole consul. Claudius was given the modest
task of preparing a celebration of Caligula's brothers, including statues in their honor. According to 'I Claudius', Claudius encountered difficulty in completing these statues on time. The completed statues appear on this coinage.

From Joe Geranio:
The dupondii issues of the brothers of Caligula , Nero and Drusus Caesar was no doubt to remind the Roman populace about the Dioscuri the saviors of the Roman state. The Dioscuri won a miraculous battle in 496 B.C. and then on the same day appear in the Roman Forum to tell the populace about the victory, no doubt Caligula wanted to associate himself with the Dioscuri with this issue of the gods represented as Nero and Drusus Caesars galloping on their horses with ease as though the wind is blowing in their hair. This familial propaganda would cement that the sons of Germanicus and Agrippina would reign and were in control.

Historical Context

Suetonius states in (Caligula 22.1-2) “Up until now I have been discussing Caligula in his capacity as an emperor; we must now consider him in his capacity as a monster….

Eventually Caligula began to claim for himself a Divine majesty;…..he extended a part of the Palatine palace all the way out to the Forum, transforming the Temple of Castor and Pollux into an entrance hall for the Palace. There in the Temple he would often take his seat between the twin gods, presenting himself for worship to those he approached.”

Dio, (History 59.28.5) states, “ Caligula went so far as to divide in two the Temple of the Dioscuri in the Roman Forum, making a passageway to the Palatine that went right between the two cult statues. As a result, he was fond of saying that he regarded the Dioscuri as his gate-keepers. NEW ARCHAEOLOGY: Regarding the extension from the palace - http://news.stanford.edu/news/2003/september10/caligula-910.html Stanford Report, September 10, 2003, this was thought for years until 2003 to have been impossible.
Did Caligula have a God complex?

From Suetonius:
But he (Claudius) was exposed also to actual dangers. First in his very consulship, when he was all but deposed, because he had been somewhat slow in contracting for and setting up the statues of Nero and Drusus, the emperor's brothers.

From Roma:
Nero and Drusus were the brothers of the future emperor Caligula, and the children of Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder. More significantly Tiberius adopted both sons as grandchildren, and it was thought that Nero, being the oldest, would succeed Tiberius. However, Nero and his mother were accused of treason in 29 AD, and Nero’s demise quickly followed when he was exiled to the island of Ponza. Drusus suffered a similar fate a year later in 30 AD and, having been accused of plotting against his Grandfather and Emperor, he was thrown into prison in 33 AD where he was left to starve.

Additional images:
The Circus of Caligula and Nero

Circus of Nero (or Circus of Gaius (Caligula)) was a circus in ancient Rome placed at the location of today's Basilica of St. Peter in Vatican. All that is left today of this circus is obelisk that stood at its center.

Caligula (31 August 12 AD - 22 January 41 AD), a Roman emperor, began construction of this circus in the year 40 AD on the land of his mother, Agrippina. Claudius, who succeeded him, finished construction. Grimaldi says that the circus was 90 meters wide and 161 long. It was a place where Caligula and Nero trained racing with four horse chariots. In 65 AD, the first fist public persecution of Christians happened in this circus and Christian tradition says that Saint Peter lost his life there two years later. Saint Peter's tomb is in this area, in the cemetery near where the Circus was. Obelisk that stood in the center was placed there by Caligula. It was later (in 16th century) moved to Saint Peter's Square by the architect Domenico Fontana.

The Circus was abandoned by the middle of the 2nd century AD so Constantine built the first basilica (Old St. Peter) at the site of the Circus using some of the existing structure. Most of the ruins of the Circus survived until mid-15th century. They were finally destroyed to make a space for the construction of the new St. Peter's Basilica.

Per RIC-Rarity 2
Gary W2
Caligula_Three_Siste.jpg
Caligula (Augustus) Coin: Brass Sestertius 8 viewsC CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT - Laureate head left
AGRIPPINA DRVSILLA IVLIA - AGRIPPINA DRVSILLA IVLIA, the three sisters of Caligula standing, in the guises of Securitas, Concordia, and Fortuna, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue
Exergue: SC


Mint: Rome (37-38AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 27.88g / 35.6mm / 180
Rarity: Rare
References:
RIC I 33
BMCRE p. 152, 36
BnF II 47
Cohen I 4
SRCV I 1800
Provenances:
Forvm Ancient Coins
Acquisition/Sale: Forvm Ancient Coins Internet

ODERINT, DUM METUANT (LET THEM HATE, SO LONG AS THEY FEAR). — CALIGULA

From Numismatica Ars Classica:
Many aspects of Caligula's reign have captured the imagination of historians, but the sexual relationships he is said to have pursued with his sisters is perhaps most shocking of all. It is on par with the exploits of Elagabalus or the alleged seduction of young Nero by his deranged mother Agrippina Jr., who, by no mere coincidence, was one of Caligula's sisters.
Caligula's incestuous relationships with his sisters are alleged by the relatively contemporary historians Suetonius and Josephus. Much later, in the fourth and fifth centuries, these original claims were echoed by various writers, including Eutropius, Aurelius Victor, St. Jerome, Orosius and the anonymous compiler of the Epitome de caesaribus. The truth of the claims, of course, is impossible to confirm, and there is a healthy dose of scepticism among modern scholars.
Whatever personal or sexual affection Caligula may have felt toward his sisters, this coinage is purely political and dynastic in flavour. His sisters are each named and are shown in the guise of personifications: the eldest, Agrippina Junior, as Securitas, the middle-sister, Drusilla, as Concordia, and the youngest, Julia Livilla, as Fortuna.
This remarkable type was produced on two occasions, his initial coinage of 37-38, and again in 39-40. The example offered here belongs to the first coinage, which was issued when all three of the imperial women were alive. Drusilla, Caligula's favourite sister (and the one with whom he is said to have had an enduring incestuous relationship), died tragically on June 10, 38, nearly three months after the last coins of the initial issue were struck.
By the time the last issue was produced (beginning March 18, 39), Drusilla had been accorded the status of a goddess, providing the curious circumstance of a goddess being portrayed in the guise of a personification. Life in the palace worsened after Drusilla's death and Caligula's affection for his remaining two sisters declined.
The circumstances reported by the ancient sources are nothing short of bizarre: Drusilla had been married to Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, who had also been Caligula's lover. After Drusilla died, Lepidus extended his sexual liaisons to include Agrippina and Julia Livilla, his former sisters-in-law. By late in 39 this web of relationships seems to have evolved into a failed plot by Lepidus against Caligula, who executed Lepidus and sent his two sisters into exile out of their suspected complicity.
All of this palace intrigue occurred in the midst of the second issue of 'three sisters' sestertii, the production of which Caligula probably halted immediately since of the three sisters shown, one was dead and two were in exile for having plotted against his life.

From Wikisource:
It is easy to understand why the peace and harmony which had been reestablished for a moment in the troubled imperial family by the advent of Caligula should have been of brief duration. His grandmother and his sisters were Romans, educated in Roman ideals, and this exotic madness of his could inspire in them only an irresistible horror. This brought confusion into the imperial family, and after having suffered the persecutions of Sejanus and his party, the unhappy daughters of Germanicus found themselves in the toils of the exacting caprices of their brother. In fact, in 38, Caligula had already broken with his grandmother, whom the year before he had had proclaimed Augusta; and between the years 38 and 39, catastrophes followed one another in the family with frightful rapidity. His sister Drusilla, whom, as Suetonius tells us, he already treated as a lawful wife, died suddenly of some unknown malady while still very young. It is not improbable that her health may have been ruined by the horror of the wild adventure, which was neither human nor Roman, into which her brother sought to drag her by marriage. Caligula suddenly declared her a goddess, to whom all the cities must pay honors. He had a temple built for her, and appointed a body of twenty priests, ten men and ten women, to celebrate her worship; he decreed that her birthday should be a holiday, and he wished the statue of Venus in the Forum to be carved in her likeness.

But in proportion as Caligula became more and more fervid in this adoration of his dead sister, the disagreement between himself and his other two sisters became more embittered. Julia Livilla was exiled in 38; Agrippina, the wife of Domitius Enobarbus°, in 39, and about this same time the venerable Antonia died. It was noised about that Caligula had forced her to commit suicide, and that Agrippina and Livilla had taken part in a conspiracy against the life of the emperor. How much truth there may be in these reports it is difficult to say, but the reason for all these catastrophes may be affirmed with certainty. Life in the imperial palace was no longer possible, especially for women, with this madman who was transforming Rome into Alexandria and who wished to marry a sister. Even Tiberius, the son of Drusus and co-heir to the empire with Caligula, was at about this time defeated in some obscure suit and disappeared.

Many aspects of Caligula’s reign have captured the imagination of historians, but the sexual relationships he is said to
have pursued with his sisters is perhaps most shocking of all. It is on par with the exploits of Elagabalus or the alleged
seduction of young Nero by his deranged mother Agrippina Jr., who, by no mere coincidence, was one of Caligula’s
sisters.
Caligula’s incestuous relationships with his sisters are alleged by the relatively contemporary historians Suetonius and
Josephus. Much later, in the fourth and fifth centuries, these original claims were echoed by various writers, including
Eutropius, Aurelius Victor, St. Jerome, Orosius and the anonymous compiler of the Epitome de caesaribus. The truth of
the claims, of course, is impossible to confirm, and there is a healthy dose of skepticism among modern scholars.
Whatever personal or sexual affection Caligula may have felt toward his sisters, this coinage is purely political and
dynastic in flavour. His sisters are each named and are shown in the guise of personifications: the eldest, Agrippina Junior,
as Securitas, the middle-sister, Drusilla, as Concordia, and the youngest, Julia Livilla, as Fortuna.
This remarkable type was produced on two occasions, his initial coinage of 37-38, and again in 39-40. The example
offered here belongs to the first coinage, which was issued when all three of the imperial women were alive. Drusilla,
Caligula’s favourite sister (and the one with whom he is said to have had an enduring incestuous relationship), died
tragically on June 10, 38, nearly three months after the last coins of the initial issue were struck.
By the time the last issue was produced (beginning March 18, 39), Drusilla had been accorded the status of a goddess,
providing the curious circumstance of a goddess being portrayed in the guise of a personification. Life in the palace
worsened after Drusilla’s death and Caligula’s affection for his remaining two sisters declined.
The circumstances reported by the ancient sources are nothing short of bizarre: Drusilla had been married to Marcus
Aemilius Lepidus, who had also been Caligula’s lover. At least after Drusilla died, Lepidus extended his sexual liaisons to
include Agrippina and Julia Livilla, his former sisters-in-law. By late in 39 this web of relationships seems to have evolved
into a failed plot by Lepidus against Caligula, who executed Lepidus and sent his two sisters into exile out of their
suspected complicity.
All of this palace intrigue occurred in the midst of the second issue of ‘three sisters’ sestertii, the production of which
Caligula probably halted immediately since of the three sisters shown, one was dead and two were in exile for having
plotted against his life.
Gary W2
Caligula_Three_Siste~0.jpg
Caligula (Augustus) Coin: Brass Sestertius54 viewsC CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT - Laureate head left
AGRIPPINA DRVSILLA IVLIA - AGRIPPINA DRVSILLA IVLIA, the three sisters of Caligula standing, in the guises of Securitas, Concordia, and Fortuna, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue
Exergue: SC


Mint: Rome (37-38AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 27.88g / 35.6mm / 180
Rarity: Rare
References:
RIC I 33
BMCRE p. 152, 36
BnF II 47
Cohen I 4
SRCV I 1800
Provenances:
Forvm Ancient Coins
Acquisition/Sale: Forvm Ancient Coins Internet

ODERINT, DUM METUANT (LET THEM HATE, SO LONG AS THEY FEAR). — CALIGULA

From Numismatica Ars Classica:
Many aspects of Caligula's reign have captured the imagination of historians, but the sexual relationships he is said to have pursued with his sisters is perhaps most shocking of all. It is on par with the exploits of Elagabalus or the alleged seduction of young Nero by his deranged mother Agrippina Jr., who, by no mere coincidence, was one of Caligula's sisters.
Caligula's incestuous relationships with his sisters are alleged by the relatively contemporary historians Suetonius and Josephus. Much later, in the fourth and fifth centuries, these original claims were echoed by various writers, including Eutropius, Aurelius Victor, St. Jerome, Orosius and the anonymous compiler of the Epitome de caesaribus. The truth of the claims, of course, is impossible to confirm, and there is a healthy dose of scepticism among modern scholars.
Whatever personal or sexual affection Caligula may have felt toward his sisters, this coinage is purely political and dynastic in flavour. His sisters are each named and are shown in the guise of personifications: the eldest, Agrippina Junior, as Securitas, the middle-sister, Drusilla, as Concordia, and the youngest, Julia Livilla, as Fortuna.
This remarkable type was produced on two occasions, his initial coinage of 37-38, and again in 39-40. The example offered here belongs to the first coinage, which was issued when all three of the imperial women were alive. Drusilla, Caligula's favourite sister (and the one with whom he is said to have had an enduring incestuous relationship), died tragically on June 10, 38, nearly three months after the last coins of the initial issue were struck.
By the time the last issue was produced (beginning March 18, 39), Drusilla had been accorded the status of a goddess, providing the curious circumstance of a goddess being portrayed in the guise of a personification. Life in the palace worsened after Drusilla's death and Caligula's affection for his remaining two sisters declined.
The circumstances reported by the ancient sources are nothing short of bizarre: Drusilla had been married to Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, who had also been Caligula's lover. After Drusilla died, Lepidus extended his sexual liaisons to include Agrippina and Julia Livilla, his former sisters-in-law. By late in 39 this web of relationships seems to have evolved into a failed plot by Lepidus against Caligula, who executed Lepidus and sent his two sisters into exile out of their suspected complicity.
All of this palace intrigue occurred in the midst of the second issue of 'three sisters' sestertii, the production of which Caligula probably halted immediately since of the three sisters shown, one was dead and two were in exile for having plotted against his life.

From Wikisource:
It is easy to understand why the peace and harmony which had been reestablished for a moment in the troubled imperial family by the advent of Caligula should have been of brief duration. His grandmother and his sisters were Romans, educated in Roman ideals, and this exotic madness of his could inspire in them only an irresistible horror. This brought confusion into the imperial family, and after having suffered the persecutions of Sejanus and his party, the unhappy daughters of Germanicus found themselves in the toils of the exacting caprices of their brother. In fact, in 38, Caligula had already broken with his grandmother, whom the year before he had had proclaimed Augusta; and between the years 38 and 39, catastrophes followed one another in the family with frightful rapidity. His sister Drusilla, whom, as Suetonius tells us, he already treated as a lawful wife, died suddenly of some unknown malady while still very young. It is not improbable that her health may have been ruined by the horror of the wild adventure, which was neither human nor Roman, into which her brother sought to drag her by marriage. Caligula suddenly declared her a goddess, to whom all the cities must pay honors. He had a temple built for her, and appointed a body of twenty priests, ten men and ten women, to celebrate her worship; he decreed that her birthday should be a holiday, and he wished the statue of Venus in the Forum to be carved in her likeness.

But in proportion as Caligula became more and more fervid in this adoration of his dead sister, the disagreement between himself and his other two sisters became more embittered. Julia Livilla was exiled in 38; Agrippina, the wife of Domitius Enobarbus°, in 39, and about this same time the venerable Antonia died. It was noised about that Caligula had forced her to commit suicide, and that Agrippina and Livilla had taken part in a conspiracy against the life of the emperor. How much truth there may be in these reports it is difficult to say, but the reason for all these catastrophes may be affirmed with certainty. Life in the imperial palace was no longer possible, especially for women, with this madman who was transforming Rome into Alexandria and who wished to marry a sister. Even Tiberius, the son of Drusus and co-heir to the empire with Caligula, was at about this time defeated in some obscure suit and disappeared.

Many aspects of Caligula’s reign have captured the imagination of historians, but the sexual relationships he is said to
have pursued with his sisters is perhaps most shocking of all. It is on par with the exploits of Elagabalus or the alleged
seduction of young Nero by his deranged mother Agrippina Jr., who, by no mere coincidence, was one of Caligula’s
sisters.
Caligula’s incestuous relationships with his sisters are alleged by the relatively contemporary historians Suetonius and
Josephus. Much later, in the fourth and fifth centuries, these original claims were echoed by various writers, including
Eutropius, Aurelius Victor, St. Jerome, Orosius and the anonymous compiler of the Epitome de caesaribus. The truth of
the claims, of course, is impossible to confirm, and there is a healthy dose of skepticism among modern scholars.
Whatever personal or sexual affection Caligula may have felt toward his sisters, this coinage is purely political and
dynastic in flavour. His sisters are each named and are shown in the guise of personifications: the eldest, Agrippina Junior,
as Securitas, the middle-sister, Drusilla, as Concordia, and the youngest, Julia Livilla, as Fortuna.
This remarkable type was produced on two occasions, his initial coinage of 37-38, and again in 39-40. The example
offered here belongs to the first coinage, which was issued when all three of the imperial women were alive. Drusilla,
Caligula’s favourite sister (and the one with whom he is said to have had an enduring incestuous relationship), died
tragically on June 10, 38, nearly three months after the last coins of the initial issue were struck.
By the time the last issue was produced (beginning March 18, 39), Drusilla had been accorded the status of a goddess,
providing the curious circumstance of a goddess being portrayed in the guise of a personification. Life in the palace
worsened after Drusilla’s death and Caligula’s affection for his remaining two sisters declined.
The circumstances reported by the ancient sources are nothing short of bizarre: Drusilla had been married to Marcus
Aemilius Lepidus, who had also been Caligula’s lover. At least after Drusilla died, Lepidus extended his sexual liaisons to
include Agrippina and Julia Livilla, his former sisters-in-law. By late in 39 this web of relationships seems to have evolved
into a failed plot by Lepidus against Caligula, who executed Lepidus and sent his two sisters into exile out of their
suspected complicity.
All of this palace intrigue occurred in the midst of the second issue of ‘three sisters’ sestertii, the production of which
Caligula probably halted immediately since of the three sisters shown, one was dead and two were in exile for having
plotted against his life.

Per RIC-Rare
3 commentsGary W2
imgonline-com-ua-twotoone-8hDqgyvl4MzVjv-Agrippina.jpg
Caligula (Augustus) Coin: Brass Sestertius (Agrippina I)5 viewsAGRIPPINA M F MAT C CAESARIS AVGVSTI - Bust of Agrippina the Elder, right, her hair falling in queue down her neck
SPQR MEMORIAE AGRIPPINAE - Carpentum, with ornamented cover and sides, drawn right by two mules
Mint: Rome (37-41AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 22.00g / 34mm / 180
Rarity: Common
References:
RIC 1-Gaius 55
Trillmich Group II; BMCRE 81-5 (Caligula)
BN 128 (Caligula)
BMCRE 86-7 (Caligula)
Cohen 1
Acquisition/Sale: sesterc1975 Ebay

Caligula's mother.

ODERINT, DUM METUANT (LET THEM HATE, SO LONG AS THEY FEAR). — CALIGULA

Agrippina Sr.,one of the most tragically unfortunate women of Roman history. Agrippina was destined to achieve the highest possible status that did not happen. In 29AD she was deprived of her freedom, and in 33AD of life itself. This sestertii dedicated to Agrippina was produced by her son Caligula, The inscription, SPQR MEMORIAE AGRIPPINAE, is itself dedicatory from the Senate and the Roman people to the memory of Agrippina.

Of this coin, minted at Rome, in gold and silver, Agrippina occupies the most distinguished place, namely the obverse side. She styles herself (by implication) the wife of Claudius, and, in direct terms, the mother of Nero; as though the government of the empire had been in her hands, and her son only Caesar. It is on this account that Tacitus (Ann. 23), asks -- What help is there in him, who is governed by a woman? It is not to be wondered at therefore, adds Vaillant, if the oaken garland was decreed to this woman and to her son, as it had already been to Caligula and to Claudius, ob cives servatos, by the Senate, whom she assembled in the palace, where she sat discreetly veiled. Praest. Num. Impp. ii. 60.

Agrippina the Elder, mother of Caligula, was honored on a bronze sestertius. The obverse inscription surrounding her strong, dignified portrait translates: “Agrippina, daughter of Marcus, mother of emperor Gaius Caesar.” On the reverse, the legend “To the Memory of Agrippina” appears beside a carpentum, a ceremonial cart drawn by two mules that paraded an image of Agrippina on special occasions.

Three issues of sestertii were struck in honour of Agrippina Senior, one of the most tragically unfortunate women of
Roman history. She began life as a favoured member of the Julio-Claudian family during the reign of her grandfather
Augustus, and upon her marriage to Livia’s grandson Germanicus, she seemed destined to achieve the highest possible
status.
However, upon the death of Augustus and the accession of Tiberius, her life took a turn for the worse: supreme power had
shifted from the bloodlines of the Julii to the Claudii. Though her marriage represented and ideal union of Julian and
Claudian, it was not destined to survive Tiberius’ reign. Germanicus died late in 19 under suspicious circumstances, after
which Agrippina devoted the next decade of her life to openly opposing Tiberius until in 29 he deprived her of freedom,
and in 33 of life itself.
The sestertii dedicated to Agrippina are easily segregated. The first, produced by her son Caligula, shows on its reverse a
carpentum; the second, issued by her brother Claudius, shows SC surrounded by a Claudian inscription, and the third is
simply a restoration of the Claudian type by Titus, on which the reverse inscription is instead dedicated to that emperor.
Though both Caligula and Claudius portrayed Agrippina, each did so from their own perspective, based upon the nature of
their relationship with her. The inscription on Caligula’s coin, AGRIPPINA M F MAT C CAESARIS AVGVSTI, describes
her as the daughter of Marcus (Agrippa) and the mother of Gaius (Caligula). While Claudius also identifies her as
Agrippa’s daughter, his inscription ends GERMANICI CAESARIS, thus stressing her role as the wife of his brother
Germanicus. It is also worth noting that on the issue of Caligula Agrippina has a slender profile like that of her son,
whereas on Claudius’ sestertii her face is more robust, in accordance with his appearance.
The carpentum reverse is not only a superbly executed type, but has a foundation in the recorded events of the day.
Suetonius (Gaius 15) describes the measures taken by Caligula to honour his family at the outset of his reign, which
included gathering the ashes of his mother and brothers, all victims of persecution during the reign of Tiberius. Upon
returning to Rome, Caligula, with his own hands, transferred to an urn his mother’s ashes “with the utmost reverence”; he
then instituted Circus games in her honour, at which “…her image would be paraded in a covered carriage.”
There can be little doubt that the carpentum on this sestertius relates to the special practice initiated by Caligula. The
inscription, SPQR MEMORIAE AGRIPPINAE, is itself dedicatory from the Senate and the Roman people to the memory
of Agrippina.
Gary W2
imgonline-com-ua-twotoone-zg2aP0ewwCVrhb-Caligula_damnatio.jpg
Caligula (Augustus) Coin: Bronze AS8 viewsC CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT - Bare head left
Vesta SC - Vesta, veiled and draped, seated left, on throne with ornamented back and legs, holding patera in right hand and long transverse sceptre in left
Exergue:



Mint: Rome (37-38 AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 10.40g / 28mm / 6h
Rarity: Common
References:
RIC I 38
BMCRE 46
BN 54
Cohen 27
Acquisition/Sale: indalocolecciones eBay

This coin seems to have suffered a 'Damnatio Memoriae'. It looks as if the portrait has had cut marks applied to the jaw and neck areas. Interestingly, the ancient writers said that on his assassination, the first strike to Caligula was to his jaw or neck/shoulder areas. Damnatio memoriae is a modern Latin phrase meaning "condemnation of memory", i.e., that a person is to be excluded from official accounts.


ODERINT, DUM METUANT (LET THEM HATE, SO LONG AS THEY FEAR). — CALIGULA

From The Dictionary of Roman Coins:
Caligula, the grand nephew and murderer of Tiberius, most worthy to succeed that emperor, because of an equally infamous, though not so able a tyrant, reigned from A.D. 37 to A.D. 41.

His real appellation was Caius Caesar, but about the time of Augustus' death, he, still a child, being with the army of the lower Rhine, the soldiers, with whom he was a great favorite, were accustomed in the joking parlance of the camp, to give him the nickname of Caligula (from Caligae) because he constantly appeared in the usual military leggings.

Hence Ausonius, in his poem, referring to this cruel wretch, says --

Post hunc castrensis caligae cognomine
Caesar Successit, saevo saevior ingenio.

As emperor, however, he was always called Caius, and he considered himself insulted by the name of Caligula.

He was the youngest son of Germanicus, the nephew of Tiberius and Agrippina; born in 12 A.D. on the day before the calends of September, at Antium, as Suetonius has proved at great length (in Caligula, ch. 8). In 17 A.D., he went into Syria with his father, at whose death, within two years, he returned to Rome with his mother. After she was banished, he was transferred to his great grand-mother Julia and when she diet to his grand-mother Antonia.

In 31 A.D., after the violent deaths of his brothers Nero and Drusus, and also of Sejanus, whose plots he alone had escaped he was he was the apparent successor to the empire and invested with the Pontificate.

In 33 A.D., on the same day he assumed the toga he laid aside his beard, he was nominated questor and Tiberius invited him to Capraea. He moved in with Tiberius, feigning ignorance or indifference, regarding the murder of his relations, as though it did not concern him. He so obsequiously obeyed Tiberius the it was a common expression, that "there never was a better servant, or a worse master." (Sueton, ch. 10)

In 37 A.D., Tiberius was attacked with a severe illness from which he was recovering when Caligula, at the instigation of Maero, the praetorian prefect, put and end to his life by smothering him.

Caligula entered Rome after Tiberius' death and compelled the Senate to join him, by a Senatus Consultum, in depriving Tiberius, son Drusus junior and the elder Tiberius' heir in his last will, of his right to the empire.

The funeral ceremonies of were performed with due pomp by Caligula.

On the eighth month of his reign he was attacked with severe sickness. On his recovery, he adopted his brother Tiberius, gave him the title of Princeps Juventutis, and afterwards put him to death.

In the calends of July he entered upon the office of Consul Suffectus, as colleague to his uncle Claudius, and after two months resigned it.

In 38 A.D. he conceded to Soaemus, the kingdom of Arabians of Ituraea; to Cotys, Armenia Minor; to Polemon, the son of Polemon, his father's dominions.

Dion wrote, "In a short time he assumed so much the air of a king, that all those honors, which Augustus had accepted only when duly arrived at the sovereignty, and even then with hesitation as they were decreed from time to time, and many of which Tiberius altogether declined, were by Caligula grasped in one day, with the exception only of Pater Patriae, which, however was not long deferred."

In 39 A.D., in the calends of January, he entered his second Consulate and resigned the office in thirty days. (Sueton ch. 17)

Having exhausted the treasury by his profuse expenditure on public spectacles and other extravagances, he endeavoured to repair the deficiency by the slaughter of wealthy citizens; and then proceeded to Gaul, their to practice the like system of murder and spoliation.

The name of Germanicus does not appear on coins of this year, nor ever subsequently.

In 40 A.D., Caligula, without a colleague, entered his third consulate, at Lugdunum (Lyon), in Gaul; and resigned it on the ides of January. (Sueton. ch. 17)

Having invited over from Africa, Ptolemy, the son of Juba, he put him to death on the pretence of the young prince's ostentatious bearing. (Dion, B. lix. 25)

Proceeding to the ocean, as if about to invade Britain, he ordered his soldiers to gather shell-fish, and returned as a conqueror, laden with the spoils of the sea. (Sueton. ch. 46)

L. Vitellius, prefect of Syria, the same year, gave such a lesson to Artabanus, the Persian, who was threatening an invasion of Armenia that the later abandoned his design, and paid his adoration to the statues of Augustus and of Caligula. (Dion, I. e.)

In 41 A.D., he began hid fourth consulate, on the 7th of the ides of January. Shortly afterwards (viz. on the 9th of the calends of February), he was assassinated by the conspirators Cassius Chaerea and Cornelius Sabinus.

Caligula's accession to the empire was hailed with joy by the Roman people; but their satisfaction was based on no solid foundations, being the result rather of their deep-rooted attachment to his father Germanicus. He seeming, indeed, responded to the fond wishes of the nation, by many acts of piety, justice, and moderation. But it too soon became apparent that these virtues were not of natural growth but owed their exhibition to the policy of Tiberius, who wished through their influences to consolidate his own power in the empire. For there was not act of cruelty, folly, meanness or infamy, which this monster and madman did not delight in perpetrating. He caused his horse, whom he called Incitatus, to be introduced at dinner time, setting before him gilded corn, and drinking his health in golden cups; and he would have created him consul, had he lived long enough. He imitated all the gods and goddesses, in the adoration which he caused to be paid to him, becoming by turns Jupiter, Bacchus, Hercules, Juno, Diana, and Venus. He constructed a bridge of vessels joined together from Puteoli to Baiae, and crossing over with his troops invaded puteoli and then recrossed it in a kind of triumph, delighting in hearing himself called Alexander the Great. By his absurd and extravagant undertakings of this kind, before the year was fully expired, he had squandered the enormous sums of money left by Tiberius. (Vicies ae septics millies IIS. -- See Sestertium).

He both claimed and receive divine worship, and was the greatest blasphemer that ever lived; yet he quailed in the conviction of a deity, and crept under his bed whenever he heard thunder. With savage inhumanity he attended executions in person, and made parents behold the merciless torments inflicted on their children. He contracted and dissolved marriages with equal caprice and dishonesty. Besides his incestuous union with Drusilla, he seized and repudiated three wives, and was at last permanently attached to Caesonia a mother of children by another man, and without your or beauty, but of depravity corresponding with his own.

Other instances of his incredible cruelty and lust may be found in Suetonius, Philo, and Dion. Such infatuations are evident tokens not only of a brutal nature, but also of a distempered intellect. Nor is it possible to entertain other than supreme contempt for the base servility of the Romans, who could offer solemn adoration to a wretch openly guilty of the most detestable and unnatural crimes; and whose adage was oderint, dum metuant (Let them hate so long as they fear).

The gold and silver coins of Caligula are of considerable rarity. Sestertii are also rare. Ases are more common, yet still expensive due to popularity of collecting the infamous emperor and because they generally exhibit good workmanship. When Caligula was destroyed, the dastardly senators, who had so recently sacrificed to him, ordered all his statues to be demolished, his acts abrogated, his money melted down and his inscriptions defaced, in order that his memory might be extinguished forever. Yet this sentence has not prevented a considerable number of his coins from reaching us, though consequently, except for ases, they are of considerable rarity when in good preservation. The coins of Caligula, minted at Rome, do not exhibit Imperator as a surname. This title is used on colonial coins. The only imperial coin of Caligula bearing IMP is a denarius.

On his coins, Caligula resembles his grandfather, but is less noble and has a malignant expression. He was at great pains to cherish this horrid index of his cruel disposition.

Gary W2
Gary W2
imgonline-com-ua-twotoone-ehW7BvU2jIvxxn-Caligula_countermark.jpg
Caligula (Augustus) Coin: Bronze As2 viewsC CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT (COUNTERMARK - Bare head left
VESTA SC - Vesta Seated Left, Holding Patera & Sceptre
Exergue:


Mint: Rome (37-38AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 9.60g / 29mm / 180
Rarity: Rare
References:
RIC 38
BMCRE 46
BN 54
Cohen 27
Sear5 #1803
Acquisition/Sale: amarso66 Ebay

The countermark-TICA- is either from Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Augustus), or, less likely from Titus (Titus Caesar Augustus)

Since this coin was found in Spain, it escaped the Roman recall of Caligula coinage which was to be melted down in Rome. Also I suspect that token coinage was needed in the Western Provinces which thereby also helped keep this coin intact with the countermark of Claudius provided to inform the populace of a new emperor.
Gary W2
Caligula_Divo.jpg
Caligula AE Sestertius, Pietas / Divo Avg RIC 3698 viewsObv: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS P M TR POT, PIETAS in exergue, Pietas seated left on stool, holding patera in extended left hand and resting right forearm on small draped figure standing facing on basis
Rev: DIVO AVG above S C across field, Gaius, toga draped over his head, standing left, holding patera over garlanded altar; victimarius standing facing, holding bull for sacrifice; second attendant standing behind Gaius, holding a patera on either side; garlanded hexastyle temple of Divus Augustus in background, pediment decorated with sacrificial scene; triumphal quadriga and Victories as acroteria, statues of Romulus and Aeneas along roof line.
RIC I 36; BMCRE 41; BN 51; Cohen 9. aF/aVF, dark brown patina, with brassy highlights. Numerous light scratches and bumps on obverse, some pitting, reverse near VF with great details. RARE and important architectural type.
This coin commemorates the dedication of the temple of Divus Augustus, completed in 37 AD, with a remarkable scene of Gaius Caligula in his role of pontifex maximus leading the sacrificial ceremonies.
2 commentsmattpat
new_caius_combined.jpg
Caligula AR Denarius32 viewsCaligula and Agrippina AR Denarius, aF, toned, bumps and marks,
(17.84 mm, 2.680g) 180o
Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, end of 37 - early 38 A.D.;
Obv: C CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR POT (counterclockwise), laureate head of Gaius right;
Rev: AGRIPPINA MAT C CAES AVG GERM (counterclockwise), draped bust of Agrippina Senior (his mother), her hair in a queue behind, one curly lock falls loose on the side of her neck,
RIC I 14 (R) (Rome), RSC II 2; BMCRE I 15 (Rome), BnF II 24, Hunter I 7 (Rome), SRCV I 1825
Ex: the Jyrki Muona Collection, Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins.




As you can tell from the photo, this is a worn coin. All denarii of Gaius (Caligula) are scarce, and some are harder to find than others. Denarii of Claudius are also scarce. The speculation is that after Nero debased the denarii, people hoarded all of the good silver coins, and this included denarii of Claudius and Gaius. According to Gresham's law bad money drives out good money. However, this does not explain why there appears to be plenty of earlier denarii available of figures such as Tiberius and Augustus but very few of Claudius and Gaius. We may never have a satisfactory answer.

Now why do I call him Gaius. Caligula (meaning little boots) was a nickname given to Gaius when he was young and travelling with his father's (Germanicus) army. According to contemporary or near contemporary accounts he detested the name. If you were emperor I am sure you would not want to be called "Bootykins".

The reverse of this coin has a portrait of Agrippina the Elder , Gaius' mother. She reportedly starved herself to death 4 years before Gaius became emperor.
orfew
Caligula_Vesta.JPG
Caligula Vesta16 viewsCaligula Gaius AD 37-41 Copper As, 29mm, 10.02g, Sear 1803, BMCRE 46, BN 54, Cohen 27
OBV: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT - Bare head left
REV: VESTA S-C – Vesta seated left holding patera and transverse scepter

Romanorvm
Claigula_Vesta_2a.jpg
Caligula | Vesta * Æ As - 37-41 AD.55 views
Caligula Gaius | Vesta, Copper As

Obv: Bare head left: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT
Rev: Vesta seated left holding patera in right hand and scepter in left hand, semi-transverse resting on left shoulder: S-C.

Exergue: None

Mint: Rome
Struck: 37-38 AD

Size: 26.90 grm.
Weight: 10.44 mm.
Die axis: 180°

Condition: A well worn coin, far more pleasant to the eye in hand. A challenge to photograph for like impression.

Refs:*
BN, 54
RIC I, 38
Cohen, 27
BMCRE, 46
Tiathena
Standing_Caliph_Amman.jpg
Caliphate of Abd al-Malik70 viewsAbd al-Malik ibn Marwan (685 – 705 CE) ‘Standing Caliph’ type, mint of Amman. Fals, weight 3.0g, diameter 17mm.

Obverse: Standing bearded figure wearing headdress and long robe, with right hand on hilt of sword. Inscription: abd allah abd al-malik amir al-mu’minin (“The servant of God, Abd al-Malik, commander of the faithful”). The last word of the legend is divided, with the letters minin appearing in the right field above the caliph’s shoulder.

Reverse: Object resembling Greek Φ, with globule on top and resting on four steps; large star in left field; mint designation, amman, in right field. Inscription: the shahada (“There is no God but God alone and Muhammad is God’s prophet.”)

This type is part of the last series of Umayyad coins to feature images, and is generally attributed to the years 692 – 696. From 697 the coinage becomes aniconic and purely epigraphic.

Reference: Foss p.78 and D.O. 107
Abu Galyon
Standing_Caliph_Homs.jpg
Caliphate of Abd al-Malik29 viewsAbd al-Malik ibn Marwan (685 – 705 CE) ‘Standing Caliph’ type, mint of Homs. Fals, weight 3.70g, diameter 21mm.

Obverse: Standing bearded figure wearing headdress and long robe, with right hand on hilt of sword. Inscription: abd allah abd al-malik amir al-mu’minin (“The servant of God, Abd al-Malik, commander of the faithful”).

Reverse: Object resembling Greek Φ, resting on four steps; mint designation, bi-hims, in right field. Inscription: the shahada (“There is no God but God alone and Muhammad is God’s prophet.”). This type often (but not always) has a star in the left field, but on this specimen it’s hard to tell if the star is present.

Reference: Foss p.78 and D.O. 108-111
Abu Galyon
Arab-Byzantine_Standing_Caliph_Sarmin.jpg
Caliphate of Abd al-Malik23 viewsAbd al-Malik ibn Marwan (685 – 705 CE) ‘Standing Caliph’ type, mint of Sarmin. Fals, weight 2.91g, diameter 20mm.

Obverse: Standing bearded figure wearing headdress and long robe, with right hand on hilt of sword. Inscription: abd allah abd al-malik amir al-mu’minin (“The servant of God, Abd al-Malik, commander of the faithful”).

Reverse: Object resembling Greek Φ, resting on four steps; mint designation in field downwards on either side, to right, sar, to left min. Inscription: the shahada (“There is no God but God alone and Muhammad is God’s prophet.”).

Reference: Foss p.80 and D.O. 128
Abu Galyon
Standing_Caliph_Qinnasrin.jpg
Caliphate of Abd al-Malik20 viewsAbd al-Malik ibn Marwan (685 – 705 CE) ‘Standing Caliph’ type, mint of Qinnasrin [Chalcis]. Fals, weight 2.56g, diameter 22mm.

Obverse: Standing bearded figure wearing headdress and long robe, with right hand on hilt of sword. Inscription: abd allah abd al-malik amir al-mu’minin (“The servant of God, Abd al-Malik, commander of the faithful”).

Reverse: Object resembling Greek Φ, resting on four steps; To left, upwards, wāfin (“full value”); to right, downwards, mint designation, bi-qinnasrin. Inscription: the shahada (“There is no God but God alone and Muhammad is God’s prophet.”).

Mint of Qinnasrin [Chalcis]. Reference: Goodwin [2005] p.43, Foss p.79 and D.O. 112-114
Abu Galyon
BMC_341_ff_238-244_Gordianus_III.jpg
Cappadocia_Caesarea_Gordianus_III_BMC 341 ff7 viewsGordianus III.
AR Didrachm, Cappadocia, Caesarea
Struck: 242 (Year 5) / 17-18 mm / 3,81 g

Av: AY KAI M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC
Laureate head right seen from behind

Rv: MHTPO KAI BNЄ
Mount Argaios, pellet in right field

In exergue: ЄΤЄ

Reference: BMC 341 ff
Andicz
Caesarea_Syd_615_238-244_Gordianus_III.jpg
Cappadocia_Caesarea_Gordianus_III_Caesarea Syd 6155 viewsGordianus III.
AE, Cappadocia, Caesarea
Struck: 243 (Year 6) / 24-26 mm / 8,76 g

Av: AY KAI M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC
Laureate, cuirassed and draped bust right seen from behind

Rv: MHTPO KAI BN
Mount Argaios on altar

In exergue: ЄΤS

Reference: Caesarea Syd 615
Andicz
Caesarea_Syd_616_238-244_Gordianus_III__01.jpg
Cappadocia_Caesarea_Gordianus_III_Caesarea Syd 616_015 viewsGordianus III.
AE, Cappadocia, Caesarea
Struck: 244 (Year 7) / 21-22 mm / 6,74 g

Av: AY KAI M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC
Laureate, cuirassed and draped bust right seen from behind

Rv: MHTP KAI BNЄ
Bundle of six grain ears

In fields: ЄΤ/Z

Reference: Caesarea Syd 616
Andicz
Caesarea_Syd_616_238-244_Gordianus_III__02.jpg
Cappadocia_Caesarea_Gordianus_III_Caesarea Syd 616_027 viewsGordianus III.
AE, Cappadocia, Caesarea
Struck: 244 (Year 7) / 22 mm / 7,33 g

Av: AY KAI M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC
Laureate, cuirassed and draped bust right seen from behind

Rv: MHTP KAI BNЄ
Bundle of six grain ears

In fields: ЄΤ/Z

Reference: Caesarea Syd 616
Andicz
Caesarea_Syd_618_241-244_Tranquillina.jpg
Cappadocia_Caesarea_Tranquillina_Caesarea Syd 6185 viewsTranquillina
AE, Cappadocia, Caesarea
Struck: 244 (Year 7) / 22 mm / 7,15 g

Av: TPANKVΔΔINA AVΓ
Diademed and draped bust right seen from the front

Rv: MHTP KAI BNЄ
Bundle of six grain ears

In fields: ЄΤ/Z

Reference: Caesarea Syd 618
Andicz
ABN_copy.jpg
CARIA, Knidus20 viewsCARIA, Knidus, Aphrodite left/Prow, KNI PYO WNO , club below. Lind. I, 635.Molinari
Carthago%2BNova.jpg
Carthago Nova11 viewsA lovely coin from Carthago Nova, Iberia. 237 - 209 B. C. 1.891 grams, 13 mm. From the days of Hannibal Barka.Handini
Charles_de_Blois.JPG
Charles de Blois (1319-1364)17 viewsGros au lion
3,77g
27mm
+ . MONETA trêfle BRITAN '
"Monnaie de Bretagne"
Le lion de Flandres debout à gauche dans une bordure de onze cercles séparés par des I et contenant un lion semblable au dessus de la croisette, et onze quintefeuilles évidées
ChA ROL LVS DVX
"Charles Duc"
+ BNDICTV :. SIT :. NOME :. DNI :. NRI :. HV :. XPI
"Béni soit le nom de notre seigneur Dieu Jésus-Christ"
Croix anglaise coupant la première légende
Jézéquel 159c
Bigot 425
de Mey 158 (double gros)
PYL
limoges.JPG
Charles de Blois (1319-1364)13 viewsGros aux fleurs de lys pour Limoges
3,59g
29mm
+ VICEC * LEMOVICEN
"Vicomte de Limoges"
champs de lys infini dans une bordure de treize lys cerclés séparés par de I
+ KO DEI GRA CIA
"Charles par la grâce de Dieu
+ BNDICTV :. SIT :. NOM :. DNI :. NRI :. : DEI :. IHV :. XPI
"Béni soit le nom de notre seigneur Dieu Jésus-Christ"
croix anglaise cantonnée de quatre couronnelles
Jézéquel L16
Bigot 474
PYL
37.JPG
Charles de Blois (1319-1364)12 viewsGros
3,55g
30mm
+ KAROLVS : DEI : GRA : BRITANORVM : DVX .
"Charles par la grâce de Dieu Duc des Bretons"
Lys florencé, surmonté d'une couronnelle, avec trèfle en cœur, dans un polylobe tréflé accosté de roses
+ BNDICTV : SIT NOME : DNI : NRI : DEI : HV : XP
"Béni soit le nom de notre seigneur Dieu Jésus-Christ"
Croix pattée cantonnée de quatre fleurs de lys
Jézéquel 155a1
de Mey 147
Bigot 404
PYL
charles_de_blois_2.JPG
Charles de Blois (1319-1364)11 viewsGros au lion
3,95g
27mm
+ . MONETA trêfle BRITAN '
"Monnaie de Bretagne"
Le lion de Flandres debout à gauche dans une bordure de onze cercles séparés par des I et contenant un lion semblable au dessus de la croisette, et onze quintefeuilles évidées
ChA RRO LVS DVX
"Charles Duc"
+ BNDICTV :. SIT :. NOME :. DNI :. NRI :. HV :. XPI
"Béni soit le nom de notre seigneur Dieu Jésus-Christ"
Croix anglaise coupant la première légende
Jézéquel 159b
de Mey 158 (double gros)
PYL
052~1.JPG
Charles IV, roi de France (1322-1328) - Maille10 viewsMaille blanche, argent, 1,78 g, 3ème émission (juillet 1326).
A/ + KAROLVS REX // + BNDICTV SIT NOME DNI NRI, croix dans le champ.
R/ + FRANCORVM, chatel tournois, bordure de 10 lys.
Réfs : Duplessy 243d
Gabalor
029~1.JPG
Charles V, Roi de France (1364-1380) - Blanc4 viewsBlanc au K, argent, 2,25 g.
A/ DEI GRATIA, grand K couronné dans le champ, bordure de douze lis.
R/ FRANCORV REX // BNDICTV SIT NOME DNI NRI DEI IhV, croix dans le champ.
Réfs : Duplessy 363
Gabalor
112~2.JPG
Charles V, Roi de France (1364-1380) - Blanc4 viewsBlanc au K, argent, 2,15 g.
A/ DEI GRATIA, grand K couronné dans le champ, bordure de douze lis.
R/ FRANCORV REX // BNDICTV SIT NOME DNI NRI DEI IhV, croix dans le champ.
Réfs : Duplessy 363
Gabalor
023~2.JPG
Charles V, Roi de France (1364-1380) - Gros4 viewsGros tournois, argent, 2,49 g (seconde émission 1369)
A/ + KAROLVS REX // + BNDICTV SIT NOME DNI NRI DEI IhV, croix dans le champ.
R/ TVRONVS CIVIS, chatel tournois sommé d'une couronne.
Réfs : Duplessy 362a
Gabalor
098~1.JPG
Charles VI, Roi de France (1380-1422) - Gros5 viewsGros aux lis sous une couronne, argent, 3,41 g
A/ + KL DI G FRACORV REX // + SIT NOMEN DOMINI BNDICTVM, croix
R/ GROSVS TVRONVS, trois lis sous une couronne, bordure de 12 lis
Réfs : Duplessy 384
Gabalor
cilicia.jpg
Cilicia Aigeai 2nd-1st century B.C.19 viewsCilicia Aigeai Æ
After ca. 164 B.C.
22mm 7.04gm
Obv: laureate head Zeus right
Rev: Athena standing head left,
holding Nike and resting hand on shield,
spear in crook of arm, EP to left

Bloesch 224, SNG BN 2308
SNG Levante 1676
sean c2
Cilicia_Anazarbos_Demeter_ArtemisPerasia_AE19_4_22g.jpg
Cilicia, Anazarbos, Demeter / Artemis Perasia, AE1970 views113-114 AD
19mm, 4.22g
obv: KAICAP ANAZAP, veiled bust of Demeter right, poppy and corn-ear before
rev: veiled bust of Artemis Perasia right, wearing high headgear, torch to right, in field date ЄT BΛP

SNG BN 2026, Ziegler 122 for date ΓΛP
2 commentsareich
4140368_(1).jpg
CILICIA, Anazarbus; Germanicus9 viewsCILICIA, Anazarbus. Germanicus. Caesar, 15 BC-AD 19. Æ Diassarion (29mm, 16.81 g, 12h). Dated CY 67 (AD 48/9). Bare head right / Laureate head of Zeus Olybris right before mountain with acropolis; ETOYΣ [ZΞ] (date) in exergue. Ziegler 35 (O1/R1); SNG BN –; SNG Levante 1366; RPC II 4060 (same obv. die as illustration). VF, green and red-brown patina, surfaces a little rough. Good portrait and interesting reverse design.

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 269 (30 November 2011), lot 257; Hirsch 251 (9 May 2007), lot 861.

RPC gives three possible identifications for the figure on the obverse: Claudius, Britannicus, or Germanicus. Britannicus is the most easily dismissable attribution; as RPC notes (p. 595) the nomenclature would be unlikely for such a date. Levante and Ziegler describe the figure as Claudius (the latter with a question mark), but the varying portrait style and the obverse legend “TIBERIOC KΛAΔIOC KAICAP” on a parellel issue of the same year casts serious doubt. Germanicus then seems the most likely of the three. Ex - CNG
ecoli
hierapolis_kastabala_BMC3.jpg
Cilicia, Hieropolis-Kastabala, BMC 335 viewsHieropolis-Kastabala, 2nd-1st century BC
AE 22, 5.33g
obv. Head of Tyche, draped and veiled, wearing mural-crown, r.
rev. IERO / POLITWN / TWN PROC TW / PYRAMW
River-god Pyramos, swimming r. in waves, l. hand outstretched, holding eagle
in r. hand
BMC 3; SNG Copenhagen 144; SNG Levante 1569; SNG von Aulock 5571; SNG BN Paris 2212-13
F+, brown patina with earthen highlights

Pyramos, today Ceyhan. For more informations please look at the thread 'Mythological interesting coins'!
Jochen
Cilicia_Incertum_Triptolemos_eagle_AR11_0_51g~0.jpg
Cilicia, Incertum, Triptolemos(?) / eagle, obol37 viewsIncertum, Cilicia, ca. 4th Century BC
11mm, 0.51g
obv: youthful head (Triptolemos?) wearing wreath of grain left
rev: eagle with spread wings, standing left on lion
(SNG BN 474, SNG Levante 231)

new picture
1 commentsareich
fullsizeoutput_2e.jpeg
CILICIA, Kelenderis. AR Stater68 viewsCirca 430-420 B.C. 10.63 grams. Obverse: nude youth (ephebus) dismounting from horse rearing left. Reverse: goat kneeling left, head turned right, ivy branch above. Casabonne Type 2, Celenderis 14 (same dies). SNG BN 48 (same dies, but letter removed on obverse). SNG von Aulock 5624 (same dies). Near EF, lightly toned. Well struck.
Ex CNG
One of the most underrated Ancient Greek coin because of its static iconography and (seemingly) insignificance of the place where it came from (only few ancient sources mentioned the city of Kelenderis located in Cilicia in Asia Minor-aside from few facts we know that it was the easternmost member of the Delian League and founded by the Greeks from Samos in the 8th century B.C. on an earlier Phoenician settlement). One need to take another glance to discover and marvel at the remarkable level of artistry put into the design on these series of coins of Kelenderis that might otherwise get overlooked.
4 commentsJason T
olba_SNGparis807.jpg
Cilicia, Olba, quasi-autonomous, SNG Paris 80736 viewsAE 16, 4.52g
struck under Ajas, son of Teukros, archiereus of Olba and toparch of Kennatis and Lalassis, AD 11-12 (year 2)
obv. TOPARX / KENNAT / [L]ALAS / ET B
in dotted circle
rev. Thunderbolt
above ARXIER / AIANTOS
beneath TEVKROV
in dotted circle
SNG BN Paris 807; RPC I, 3729; Staffierie, Olba 15, 14
Very rare, about EF, glossy dark-green patina
Pedigree:
ex auction F.Sternberg AG Zürich XXV, 1991, lot 160
ex. auction M&M XVII, 2005, lot 965

Olba was for a long time a quasi-autonomous priest kingdom. It's main god was Zeus Olbios. Hence the thunderbolt on the rev.
Jochen
IMG_9272.PNG
Cilicia, Seleucia ad Calycadnum. Severus Alexander11 viewsCILICIA, Seleucia ad Calycadnum. Severus Alexander. AD 222-235. Æ (28mm, 11.46 g, 6h). Radiate and cuirassed bust right; c/m: ΔO monogram within triangular incuse / Athena right, about to spear giant throwing stones. SNG BN 1001; for c/m: Howgego 670. Fine, rough brown surfaces.
ecoli
ACCG3038LG.jpg
Cilicia, Seleukeia.33 viewsCilicia, Seleukeia. 2nd-1st centuries B.C. Æ 18 mm (3.86 g, 11 h). Laureate head of Apollo right; behind, monogram / [ΣEΛEVKEΩN] TΩN ΠPOΣ TΩI KAΛVKAΔN[OI], forepart of horse right; below, two monograms. Cf. SNG BN 917-28; cf. SNG Levante 690-8; cf. SNG Levante suppl. 181-3; cf. SNG von Aulock 5810-3 (all with diff. monograms).

Check
1 commentsecoli
SNG-BN_914.jpg
Cilicia, Seleukeia: Anonymous (2nd-1st centuries BCE) Æ Unit (SNG BN 914)15 viewsObv: Helmeted and draped bust of Athena right; HP monogram to left, palm frond to right
Rev: Nike advancing left, holding wreath; two monograms to left

Quant.Geek
Cilicia_Tarsos_Balakros_stater_AR25_10_95g.jpg
Cilicia, Tarsos, Balakros, stater121 viewsBalakros (333 - 323 BC)
25mm, 10.95g
obv: draped bust of Athena, wearing Attic helmet, facing
rev: Baaltars enthroned left, holding lotus scepter, ear of grain and bunch of grapes left, B over ivy leaf right, T under throne
(SNG BN 367)
2 commentsareich
tarsos_GIC5672.jpg
Cilicia, Tarsos, civic-issue ANG BN 1333-133434 viewsAE 21, 6.54g
struck 1st century BC
obv. Bust of the city-goddess (Tyche), veiled and turreted, r.,
on the face c/m in the shape of a male radiate head (Helios?) in circular incus.
rev. Pyre of Sandan in pyramidal shape, crowned by an eagle with spread wings, stg. r. on a small round base; within cult statue of Sandan wearing polos and holding double axe, stg. r. on a winged and horned lion, r. hand raised; besides l. and r. a baetylus; altogether on a round base decorated with garlandes.
in the r. field from top TAR[C]EWN
in the l. field from top AR / AR / DI / Q
Ref.: SNG BN 1333-1334; Sear GIC 5672
about VF, slight roughness

For more informations please look at the thread 'Mythological interesting coins'.
Jochen
Cilicia,_Tarsos,_Tiribazos_(Satrap_of_Lydia,_388-380_B_C_),_Baaltars_seated_r_,_Male_standing_r_,SNG_Levante_67,_AR-Obol,_Q-001,_0h,_10mm,_0,58g-s.jpg
Cilicia, Tarsos, Tiribazos (Satrap of Lydia, 388-380 B.C.), SNG Levante 67, AR-Obol, Baal of Tarsos(?) advancing right, #152 viewsCilicia, Tarsos, Tiribazos (Satrap of Lydia, 388-380 B.C.), SNG Levante 67, AR-Obol, Baal of Tarsos(?) advancing right, #1
avers: Baal(tars) of Tarsos seated right, holding eagle and resting on lotus-tipped scepter, monogram to left.
reverse: Baal of Tarsos(?) advancing right, holding scepter and eagle, an Aramaic legend to left.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,0mm, weight: 0,58g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cilicia, Tarsos, Tiribazos (Satrap of Lydia), date: 388-380 B.C., ref: SNG Levante 67, Göktürk 19-20, SNG BN -,
Q-001
quadrans
Valerian_I,_Cilicia-Irenopolis-Neronias,_biga_of_panthers.JPG
Cilicia-Irenopolis-Neronias, biga of panthers9 viewsValerian I, Cilicia-Irenopolis-Neronias, biga of panthers. 27mm, 15.95g. Obverse: radiate and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: Dionysos facing, head left, thyrsus in left hand, kantharos in right, in split biga of panthers. SNG Levante 1623; SNG BN 2271-2. ex areich, photo credit areichPodiceps
00792q00.jpg
CILICIA. Anazarbus. Trajan,8 viewsCILICIA. Anazarbus. Trajan (98-117). Ae Assarion. Dated CY 126 (107/8).

Obv: ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΝΕΡ ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС СΕ ΓΕΡ ΔΑ.
Laureate head of Trajan right.
Rev: KAICAPEΩN ΠP ANAZAPBΩ / ET ςKP.
Laureate and draped bust of Zeus right; in background, rocky crag surmounted by Acropolis.

RPC III 3366.12 = Ziegler, Anazarbos, 97.13 [dies Vs1/Rs1] (this coin cited); Ziegler 967-70; SNG BN -; SNG Levante 1377.

Ex Dr. P. Vogl Collection; ex Bankhaus Aufhäuser (sold 20 October 1987; with dealer's ticket).

Condition: Very fine.

Weight: 6.41 g.
Diameter: 23 mm.
Ancient Aussie
ARM_Levon_I_tram.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Levon I, the Great (1199-1219)36 viewsVardanyan Class A Phase 5; Bedoukian Groups 221b-258b and 264-266, specifically 248 and 265, Plate III, 228 (for Group 221b-258b); cf. Nercessian 286; Metcalf Group II/C, Plate XII, 21

AR tram, 3.01 g., 22.41 mm. max., 270°

Obv: + ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳ[ԱՒ]ՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (= Lewon Tagawor Hayots = Levon, King of the Armenians), King seated on a throne ornamented with lion heads, feet resting on a footstool, wearing a crown and a royal mantel, holding a cross in the right hand and fleur-de-lis in the left.

Rev.:[Reverse C] + ԿԱՐՈՂՈՒԹԲՆ Ա[ՍՏ]ՈՒԾ [letter Ծ Type 6] (= Karogowt eambn astowtzoy = By the will of God), double-barred cross (Type 7c] with solid bar of pseudo-seriffed or wasted outline; dot beneath lower horizontal arm, 3 dots at the base of the shaft) entirely within circle between two lions [Type 5a] (boldly dotted mane but plain shoulder, three ribs), rampant, back-to-back, each with heads reverted. Artistic style.

The common tram of Levon I was struck during his entire reign, and probably for several years after his death until the coronation of Hetoum I as king (in 1226). According to Metcalf, the Bedoukian system (focusing on obverse inscriptions) is mechanical and not workable, and is a non-classification. According to Vardanyan, the Bedoukian system conflicts with observed die links. Metcalf focused on die comparisons. Vardanyan, also focusing on die comparisons, established a relative chronology for this coinage.
Stkp
ARM_Levon_I_tram_Nercessian_288.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Levon I, the Great (1199-1219)28 viewsVandanyan Class C Phase 1b ; Bedoukian Groups 267-283a, specifically 276 var. (no footstool); cf. Nercessian 288 var. (no footstool); Metcalf Group III/C, Plate XII, 24

AR tram/drachm, 3.20 g., 22.98 mm. max., 270°

Obv: + ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (= Lewon Tagawor Hayots = Levon, King of the Armenians), King wearing a crown and a royal mantel, holding a cross in the right hand and fleur-de-lis in the left, seated on a throne ornamented with lion heads, his left foot turned outward, no footstool.

Rev.: [Reverse C]: + ԿԱՐՈՂՈՒԹԲՆ ԱՍՏՈՒԾ [letter Ծ Type 6] (= Karogowt eambn astowtzoy = By the will of God), double-barred cross [Type 7c] (with outlined bar of pseudo-seriffed or wasted outline; 3 dots at the base of the shaft) entirely within circle between two lions [Type 5a] (boldly dotted mane but plain shoulder, three ribs), rampant, back-to-back, each with heads reverted. Reverse artistic style.

The obverse and reverse inscriptions and long-cross are a match for Bedoukian 276 (King's left foot turned outward, but footstool), B. 248 (but left foot not facing outward, and footstool), and B. 265 (long-cross entirely within circle, but left foot not facing outward, and footstool). None are listed with any inscription combination with both the left foot facing outward and no footstool except those with the king holding the lily in his right hand and the cross in his left (B. 662f and B. 665c-672). As such, it is not an exact match to any, and closest to B. 276.

The common tram of Levon I was struck during his entire reign, and probably for several years after his death until the coronation of Hetoum I as king (in 1226). According to Metcalf, the Bedoukian system (focusing on obverse inscriptions) is mechanical and not workable, and is a non-classification. According to Vardanyan, the Bedoukian system conflicts with observed die links. Metcalf focused on die comparisons. Vardanyan, also focusing on die comparisons, established a relative chronology for this coinage.
1 commentsStkp
ARM_Levon_I_half_double_tram.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Levon I, the Great (1199-1219)23 viewsVardanyan Group hdd2, Bedoukian Group 43-67, specifically 54-55, Plate II, 49 (different field mark); Nercessian 274, Plate 20, 274.

AR half double tram/dram (average weight 2.69 g.; average AR content 95%); 2.86 g., 22.23 mm. max., 90°

Obv: + ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (= Lewon Tagawor Hayots = Levon, King of the Armenians), King seated on a throne ornamented with lions with elongated foreparts, wearing a crown and royal mantle on his shoulders; holding a cross in the right hand and fleur-de-lis with globular base in the left; feet on footstool.

Rev.: + ԿԱՐՈՂՈՒԹԲՆ ԱՍՏՒԾՈՑ [letter Ծ Type 2b] (= Karogowt eambn astowtzoy = By the will of God), lion crowned standing left holding a cross with two bars, forepaw in profile, field mark to left.

The field mark is most likely the mark of the die maker.
Stkp
Cistophor_Pergamon_AR26_12_37g.jpg
Cistophorus, Pergamon98 views26mm, 12.37g
obv: snake emerging from cista mystica with serpent emerging, ivy-wreath around
rev: two snakes around bow case, city monogram to left, PE and prytaneis monogram above, snake entwined thyrsos to right
SNG BN Paris 1750. Kleiner, LCP 81, 47

ex Roland Müller collection, ex Rutten & Wieland
2 commentsareich
claudius_b.jpg
Claudius30 viewsClaudius
41-54 AD. Æ As (10.60 gm, 7h). Rome mint.
Ob: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head left
Rv: S C across field, Minerva, wearing aegis, advancing right, brandishing spear with right hand and holding round shield in left hand.
RIC I 116; BMCRE 207; BN 233; Cohen 84
Rough surface, from uncleaned lot.
Scotvs Capitis
Nero_Claudius_Drusus_AE_sestertius_-_37mm_188.jpg
Claudius (Augustus) Coin: Brass Sestertius (for Nero Claudius Drusus)4 viewsNERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICVS IMP - Bare head of Nero Claudius Drusus left
TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P - Claudius seated left on curule chair, holding branch, arms around.
Exergue: SC


Mint: Rome (41-43 AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 24.90g / 37mm / 6h
Rarity: Scarce
References:
RIC 109 (Claudius)
BMCRE 208 (Claudius)
CBN 198
Cohen 8
von Kaenel Type 72
Provenances:
Marti Classical Numismatics
Acquisition/Sale: Marti Classical Numismatics VCoins $0.00 01/19
The Gary R. Wilson Collection

Nero Claudius Drusus, commonly called Drusus senior, brother of Tiberius, second son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and of Livia, was born in the year of Rome 716, three months after his father had yielded up Livia to Augustus.
Realizing the anticipations of that Emperor, he became the most accomplished hero of his time. Sent at the age of twenty-three into Rhaetia (the Tyrol) to quell a revolt, he conquered the insurgents at Trent in a pitched battle. Afterwards named General of the armies in Germany, his successes were so great that he extended the dominion of the Romans to the banks of the Elbe. This fine character conceived the design of re-establishing the Republic, and entrusted his secret to his brother Tiberius, who it is said betrayed him to Augustus. -- He died in the year 745 (A.D. 9), before he had repassed the Rhine, in the 30th year of his age, deeply regretted by the whole empire for the great and virtuous qualities with which his name was so gloriously associated. After his death the Senate surnamed him GERMANICVS, which was transmitted to his children. Statues and triumphal arches were also erected to his honour and figured on his medals. This Prince had married Antonia, by whom he had Germanicus and Livilla. On his coins which, in each metal, are all more or less rare, he is styled DRVSVS - NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANicus IMP.

Obverse translation:
NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICVS IMPerator=commander

Reverse translation:
TIberius CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVGvstvs Pontifex Maximvs TRibvnitiae Potestatis IMPerator=Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus, Sovereign Pontiff, invested with the tribunitian power.
Gary W2
(ac)-Claudius_as-Lib_2.jpg
Claudius (Augustus) Coin: Bronze As 3 viewsTI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P - Bare head left
LIBERTAS AVGVSTA S C - Libertas standing, to front, holding pileus in right and extending right hand
Exergue:


Mint: Rome (50-54AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 10.40g / 29.48mm / 180
Rarity: Common
References:
RIC 113
Sear 1860
Cohen 47
BMCRE 204
BN 230
Provenances:
Marc Breitsprecher
Acquisition/Sale: Ancient Imports Internet

Gary W2
imgonline-com-ua-twotoone-AOy7GVWJFbuo-Claudius.jpg
Claudius (Augustus) Coin: Bronze AS 4 viewsTI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP P P - Bare head left
(NO LEGEND) SC - Minerva advancing right, holding shield and brandishing a javelin, S-C across fields.
Exergue:



Mint: Rome (42-54 AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 10.00g / 27mm / 6h
References:
RIC I (second edition), 116
BMC 206
Cohen 84
von Kaenel Type 60
BN 233-5
Acquisition/Sale: amarso66 eBay $0.00 04/19
Notes: Apr 12, 19 - The Gary R. Wilson Collection

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.
Claudius was one of the most capable, yet unlikely emperors. Shunned as an idiot by his family due to a limp and embarrassing stutter, Claudius spent the first decades of his life absorbed in scholarly studies until the death of his nephew Caligula. After Caligula's murder, the Praetorian Guard found him hiding behind a curtain in the Imperial Palace, expecting to be murdered. Instead, the guard proclaimed him emperor. His reign was marred by personal catastrophes, most notably promiscuity and betrayal by his first wife. He governed well and conquered the troublesome island of Britain. He was poisoned by his second wife, Agrippina Jr., mother of Nero.

"Nobody is familiar with his own profile, and it comes as a shock, when one sees it in a portrait, that one really looks like that to people standing beside one. For one's full face, because of the familiarity that mirrors give it, a certain toleration and even affection is felt; but I must say that when I first saw the model of the gold piece that the mint-masters were striking for me I grew angry and asked whether it was intended to be a caricature. My little head with its worried face perched on my long neck, and the Adam's apple standing out almost like a second chin, shocked me. But Messalina said: "No, my dear, that's really what you look like. In fact, it is rather flattering than otherwise." -- From the novel "Claudius the God: And His Wife Messalina" by Robert Graves

per Curtis Clay:
At ROME, bronze coins were struck for Claudius in two large issues, the first without P P and the second with P P, that is the first between his accession on 25 Jan. 41 and his acceptance of the title Pater Patriae less than a year later, between 1 and 12 Jan. 42, and the second after early January 42.

The types were the same in both issues:

sestertii of Claudius with types legend in wreath OB CIVES SERVATOS, SPES AVGVSTA, and legend of Nero Claudius Drusus around triumphal arch;

sestertius of Nero Claudius Drusus with rev. legend of Claudius around Claudius seated on curule chair set on globe among arms;

dupondius of Claudius with rev. CERES AVGVSTA;

dupondius of Antonia with rev. legend of Claudius around standing togate emperor;

asses of Claudius with rev. CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI, LIBERTAS AVGVSTA, and Minerva fighting r.;

quadrantes of Claudius with types Modius and PNR, hand holding scales.

PROVINCIAL MINTS, official and unofficial, on the other hand, struck these same types for Claudius, usually without the quadrantes, almost exclusively without P P, so apparently during the first year of his reign. There were only two exceptions of provincial mints striking these standard types of Claudius after he became P P:

1. The Spanish mint, defined by the many sestertii and dupondii of this particular style, including dozens of die duplicates, found in the Pobla de Mafumet Hoard, struck most of its bronze coins for Claudius without P P, but, alone of the early provincial mints, continued to strike for him early in 42, now with P P, this however being a much smaller issue which probably lasted only a month or two.

I show below a "Pobla" dupondius of Claudius, this one of 41 (no P P), with the characteristic letter forms (particularly the Rs and Ms), often dots left and right of S C in rev. exergue, and the characteristic portrait with spikey hair locks. For comparison I also add a Rome-mint dupondius of the second issue, with P P. (Both images from CoinArchives)

curtislclay:
2. Thracian mint, later in reign, which had NOT struck bronzes for Claudius before he became P P. This mint copied the Roman types, but in slightly cruder style. Its dupondii often have central cavities on their flans, which never occur at Rome or at any of the other provincial mints; see the specimen that I illustrate below from CoinArchives.

Other features which suggest a Thracian or possibly Bithynian location of the mint: (a) quite a few bronze coins of this style have turned up in the flood of ancient coins that emerged from Bulgaria after the fall of the Iron Curtain. (b) Some of the sestertii in this style have Eastern countermarks, for example the SPES AVGVSTA sestertius shown below, from the website Museum of Countermarks on Roman Coins, with countermark Capricorn above rudder on globe. I think most of the Claudian bronzes known with this rare countermark are from our Thracian mint, though it can also occur on Roman and Spanish bronzes of Claudius, which had presumably found their way into circulation in Thrace or Bithynia.

What types did this mint strike? Well, sestertii of Claudius with Legend in wreath and SPES AVGVSTA, but no Arch of Drusus sestertii have yet been observed; CERES AVGVSTA dupondii of Claudius, but I haven't yet noted any dupondii of Antonia; asses of Claudius with all three normal types; no quadrantes.

curtislclay:
Unfortunately these different mints for bronze coins of Claudius are hardly recorded in the standard catalogues!

Laffranchi, in an article written in 1948, was the first to recognize and separate from Rome two of the main provincial mints striking bronzes for Claudius early in his reign, including the Spanish mint mentioned above. But Sutherland, revising RIC I in 1983, was unable to see the stylistic differences pointed out by Laffranchi, so attributed all of Claudius' bronze coins to Rome. The same RIC numbers, therefore, cover Rome and at least three major provincial mints without P P, and Rome, the Spanish mint, and the Thracian mint with P P!

Von Kaenel, in his 1986 monograph on the coinage of Claudius, recognized the two early provincial mints for bronze coins pointed out by Laffranchi, and attributed certain middle bronzes to yet a third provincial mint, though he wrongly located all of these mints in Rome, as auxiliarly mints to the main public one, rather than in the western provinces. He did not recognize the Thracian mint from later in the reign that I have treated above. His catalogue, no. 1888, pl. 43, indeed includes a Thracian CERES AVGVSTA dupondius with central indentations, but he misattributed it to the early Spanish mint, the only early provincial mint to produce bronze coins for Claudius as P P.

Giard, in his Paris catalogue of 1988, ignored both Laffranchi and von Kaenel, and, like RIC, attributed all official bronze coins of Claudius to the mint of Rome!

Individual Thracian mint coins have been recognized as such in various sale catalogues since the 1990s, but this mint has not been treated in any academic article or museum catalogue as far as I know.
Gary W2
claudius-i-as-reshoot.jpg
Claudius AE As 41-54 AD18 viewsRoman Imperial, Claudius AE As, (41-54 AD), 9.2g, 30mm

Obverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR IMP, Bare head left.

Reverse: S-C across field, Minerva standing right, brandishing spear and holding shield on left arm.

Reference: RIC 100, Cohen 84. BMC 149, BN 180, S 639

Ex: Bing
Gil-galad
Claudius~1.jpg
Claudius I As26 viewsAs Obv: TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMP - Bare head left.
Rev: No legend - Minerva standing right, holding javelin and round shield; S C across fields. 41-50 (Rome).
RIC 100 - BMC 149 - BN 180 - S 649
Tanit
20180208_111048.jpg
Claudius, 41-54. As (Copper, 29mm, 9.45 g ), Rome, 50-54. 12 viewsObv. TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P Bare head of Claudius to left.
Rev. LIBERTAS AVGVSTA / S - C Libertas standing facing, her head turned to right, holding pileus in her right hand and extending her left.
References: BMC 204. BN 230. Cohen 47. RIC 113.
1 commentsCanaan
claudiusliberatas.JPG
Claudius-trade21 viewsClaudius. 41-54 AD. Æ As (10.49 gm). Struck 42-43 AD. TI CLAVDIVS
CAESAR. AVG. P. M. TR. P. IMP. P. P, bare head left / LIBERTAS
AVGVSTA, S-C across field, Libertas standing facing, head right,
holding pileus in right hand and extending left hand. RIC I 113;
BMCRE 204; BN 230; Cohen 47.
JRoME
Constans_II.jpg
Constans II, September 641 – 15 July 668 AD42 viewsObverse: DN CONSTANTINVS PP AV (AV ligatured), beardless bust of Constans II facing, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globus cruciger in right hand
Reverse: Mark of value X X with large cross between
Exe: CRTG
Mint : Carthage
Date : 643-647AD
Reference : MIB 196a, Wroth (BMC) 312, Tolstoi 205, Ratto 1568, CBN 16, S 1057
Grade : VF
Weight : 6.19g
Denom : Half Follis
Metal : Bronze
Comments : Ex. Woolslayer collection and Forum, 21.1mm, DO 138.5, Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.
Bolayi
condbn.jpg
CONSTANTINE I, RIC VII 213 Trier 14 viewsObverse CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, laureate helmeted and cuirassed head right Reverse: VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PREP, two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT PR over altar. Altar type Helv. 5A2 (astar)
Mintmark dot STR, Trier. 17.7 mm., 3.6 g.
NORMAN K
Costantine2.jpg
Constantine II 337-340 A.D.34 views
Metal: Bronze
Diam: 16 mm.
Weight: 1.6 gr.

OBV: Constantine II, Elder son of Constantine The Great :Diademed and cuirassed bust facing Right
OBV-LEGEND: CONSTANTINVSIVNNOBC
Marks-OBV: None

REV: Two helmeted soldiers standing with spears & shields, facing one standard between them.
REV-LEGEND : GLOR IAEXER ITUS
Marks-REV: In Exergue: SMNA also Alignment shifted 180 (Obv and Rev. are upside down one to aother)

Source : N/A
Age: 337-340 A.D.
Mint: Nicomedia *
*Nicomedia Nicomedia (Greek: Νικομήδεια, modern İzmit in Turkey) was founded by Nicomedes I of Bithynia at the head of the Gulf of Astacus which opens to the Propontis. The city was founded in 712 BC and, in early Antiquity, was called Astacus or Olbia. After being destroyed, it was rebuilt by Nicomedes I in 264 BC under the name of Nicomedia, and has ever since been one of the most important cities in northwestern Asia Minor. Hannibal came to Nicomedia in his final years and committed suicide in nearby Libyssa (Diliskelesi, Gebze). The historian Arrian was born there. Nicomedia was the metropolis of Bithynia under the Roman Empire, and Diocletian made it the eastern capital city of the Roman Empire in 286 when he introduced the Tetrarchy system. Nicomedia remained as the eastern (and most senior) capital of the Roman Empire until co-emperor Licinius was defeated by Constantine the Great at the Battle of Chrysopolis (Üsküdar) in 324. Constantine mainly resided in Nicomedia as his interim capital city for the next six years, until in 330 he declared the nearby Byzantium as Nova Roma, which eventually became known as Constantinople (present-day Istanbul). Constantine died in a royal villa at the vicinity of Nicomedia in 337. Owing to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads leading to the new capital, Nicomedia retained its importance even after the foundation of Constantinople.[1]

However, a major earthquake on 24 August 358 caused extensive devastation to Nicomedia and was followed by a fire which completed the catastrophe. Nicomedia was rebuilt, but on a smaller scale.[2] In the sixth century under Emperor Justinian the city was extended with new public buildings. Situated on the roads leading to the capital, the city remained a major military center, playing an important role in the Byzantine campaigns against the Caliphate.[3]

From the 840s on, Nicomedia was the capital of the thema of the Optimatoi. By that time, most of the old, seawards city had been abandoned and is described by the Arab geographer Ibn Khurdadhbeh as lying in ruins. The settlement had obviously been restricted to the hilltop citadel.[3] In the 1080s, the city served as the main military base for Alexios I Komnenos in his campaigns against the Seljuk Turks, and the First and Second Crusades both encamped there. The city was held by the Latin Empire between 1204 and ca. 1240, when it was recovered by John III Vatatzes. It remained in Byzantine control for a further century, but following the Byzantine defeat at the Battle of Bapheus in 1302, it was threatened by the rising Ottoman beylik. The city was twice blockaded by the Ottomans (in 1304 and 1330) before finally succumbing in 1337.[3]



Ref : Ric VII 189
Michel C2
Ghazi.jpg
County of Tripoli , imitation of al-Zahir Ghazi AR dirham, AH625 (1227)34 viewsCounty of Tripoli , imitation of al-Zahir Ghazi AR dirham, AH625 (1227)
obverse : al-Malik
ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻚ
al-Zahir Ghazi
الظاهر غازي
Ibn Yusuf Bin
ﺍﺑﻦ ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﺑﻦ
Ayyub
ﺍﻳﻮﺏ

reverse : al-Imam
ﺍﻻﻣﺎﻡ
al-Nasir Ahmad
ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﺣﻤﺪ
al-Malik al-'Adil
ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻝ
Abu Bakr
ﺍﺑﻮ ﺑﻜﺮ
A-836 CCS-1
Ex Stephen Album
Vladislav D
green7quadrans.png
Cr 241/4 AE Quadrans Trebianus 8 views135 BCE Quadrans of L. TREBANIUS (16 mm, 3.50 grams)
O: Hercules head, 3 pellets behind.
R: ROMA 4 pellets L REBNI, prow r. with mast with pennant, wreath
Reference: Crawford 241/4
ex RBW Collection
PMah
10039b.jpg
Crusader States, Normans of Sicily, William II, AD 1166-1189, AE Trifollaro, Spahr 117.75 viewsCrusader States, Sicily, William II, AD 1166-1189, AE Trifollaro (24-25 mm), 8,82 g.
Obv.: Facing head of lioness within circle of dots.
Re.: Palm tree with five branches and two bunches of dates, within circle of dots.
Biaggi 1231, Spahr 117 ; Grie 210 (Roger II); Thom 2480 .

William II of Sicily (1153-1189), called the Good, was king of Sicily and Naples from 1166 to 1189.
William was only thirteen years old at the death of his father William I, when he was placed under the regency of his mother, Margaret of Navarre.
Until the king came of age in 1171 the government was controlled first by the chancellor Stephen du Perche, cousin of Margaret (1166-1168), and then by Walter Ophamil, archbishop of Palermo, and Matthew of Ajello, the vice-chancellor.
William's character is very indistinct. Lacking in military enterprise, secluded and pleasure-loving, he seldom emerged from his palace life at Palermo. Yet his reign is marked by an ambitious foreign policy and a vigorous diplomacy. Champion of the papacy and in secret league with the Lombard cities he was able to defy the common enemy, Frederick I Barbarossa. In 1174 and 1175 he made treaties with Genoa and Venice and his marriage in February 1177 with Joan, daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, marks his high position in European politics.
In July 1177, he sent a delegation of Archbishop Romuald of Salerno and Count Roger of Andria to sign the Treaty of Venice with the emperor. To secure the peace, he sanctioned the marriage of his aunt Constance, daughter of Roger II, with Frederick's son Henry, afterwards the emperor Henry VI, causing a general oath to be taken to her as his successor in case of his death without heirs. This step, fatal to the Norman kingdom, was possibly taken that William might devote himself to foreign conquests.
Unable to revive the African dominion, William directed his attack on Egypt, from which Saladin threatened the Latin kingdom of Jerusalem. In July 1174, 50,000 men were landed before Alexandria, but Saladin's arrival forced the Sicilians to re-embark in disorder. A better prospect opened in the confusion in Byzantine affairs which followed the death of Manuel Comnenus (1180), and William took up the old design and feud against Constantinople. Durazzo was captured (June 11, 1185). Afterwards while the army marched upon Thessalonica, the fleet sailed towards the same target capturing on their way the Ionian islands of Corfu, Cephalonia,Ithaca and Zakynthos. In August Thessalonica surrendered to the joint attack of the Sicilian fleet and army.
The troops then marched upon the capital, but the troop of the emperor Isaac Angelus overthrew the invaders on the banks of the Strymon (September 7, 1185). Thessalonica was at once abandoned and in 1189 William made peace with Isaac, abandoning all the conquests. He was now planning to induce the crusading armies of the West to pass through his territories, and seemed about to play a leading part in the Third Crusade. His admiral Margarito, a naval genius equal to George of Antioch, with 60 vessels kept the eastern Mediterranean open for the Franks, and forced the all-victorious Saladin to retire from before Tripoli in the spring of 1188.
In November 1189 William died, leaving no children. Though Orderic Vitalis records a (presumably short-lived) son in 1181: Bohemond, Duke of Apulia. His title of "the Good" is due perhaps less to his character than to the cessation of internal troubles in his reign. The "Voyage" of Ibn Jubair, a traveller in Sicily in 1183-1185, shows William surrounded by Muslim women and eunuchs, speaking and reading Arabic and living like "a Moslem king."

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

my ancient coin database
1 commentsArminius
1404_Galatia_Deiotaros2.jpg
Deiotaros - AE3 viewsGalatia, Pessinos?
62-40 BC
laureate head of Zeus right
eagle half-left, head right, standing on thunderbolt
(ΔHITAP)
RBN 1934, pp. 5-10, 2; RPC I p. 536, 2; SNG von Aulock 6100; cf. HGC 7, 444 corr. (image only)
6,8g
ex Savoca
Johny SYSEL
081.JPG
Denier - EPAD au guerrier, -75/-5021 viewsArgent, 1,77 g, 15 mm.
A/ Tête casquée à droite, EPAD devant.
R/ Guerrier debout, tenant une enseigne, un bouclier et une lance.
Réfs : Dicomon, ARV-3900 ; LT 3900 ; BnF 3900-3906 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 237 ; DT 3606 ; RIG, type 161.
Gabalor
039~12.JPG
Denier arverne (?), cheval/croix, -100/-5016 viewsArgent, 1,81 g, 15 mm.
A/ Tête casquée à gauche
R/ Cheval à droite, volute dessus (?), croix (?) dessous.
Réfs : Non retrouvée, proche BnF 3809
Gabalor
091.JPG
Denier arverne, cheval pate levee, 2,27 g, -100/-5023 viewsArgent, 2,27 g, 11 mm.
A/ Tête à gauche.
R/ Cheval à gauche, une pate avant levée
Réfs : proche BnF 3865 (denier ADCANAVNOS)
Gabalor
071~9.JPG
Denier EPAD au cavalier, 1,79 g, -75/-50 15 viewsArgent, 1,79 g, 16 mm.
A/ Buste à droite, bandeau dans les cheveux, portant un torque.
R/ Cavalier galopant à droite, EPAD dessous.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3885 ; LT 3885 ; BnF 3884-3886 ; Depeyrot 2006, type 199 ; DT 3593 ; RIG, type 160
Gabalor
2.JPG
Denier EPOMEDVOS, -90/-5017 viewsArgent, 2,32 g, 16 mm.
A/ Deux bustes à droite, cous parrés de torque.
R/ Lion à droite, mordu par un serpent, légende EPOMEDVOS dessous.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-4028 ; BnF 4028-4033 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 198 ; DT 3591/3592 ; RIG, type 166.
Gabalor
015~27.JPG
Denier PICTILOS, -90/-5018 viewsArgent, 1,88 g, 16 mm.
A/ Tête à droite, torque au cou, PICTILOS.
R/ Cheval galopant à droite, rinceau dessus, fleuron dessous.
Réfs : Dicomon, ARV 4007 ; LT 4007 ; BnF 4007-4012 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 197 ; DT 3590 ; RIG, type 223.
Gabalor
045~1.JPG
Denier PICTILOS, -90/-50 22 viewsArgent, 2,26 g, 19 mm.
A/ Tête à droite, torque au cou, PICTILOS.
R/ Cheval galopant à droite, rinceau dessus, fleuron dessous.
Réfs : Dicomon, ARV 4007 ; LT 4007 ; BnF 4007-4012 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 197 ; DT 3590 ; RIG, type 223.
Gabalor
Copy_of_denmark_1888_1-ore_NGC-XF45-BN_c.JPG
Denmark - 1888 - 1 ore - Copenhagen. NGC - XF-45 BN20 viewsDenmark, King Christian IX. Bronze 1 Ore coin.
Struck in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Certified XF 45 BN by NGC.

obv: King Christian IX's Monogram, date '1888' @ 7 o'clock, mintmark & initials @ 5 o'clock.

rev: '1 Ore'; to right grain, to left = dolphin
rexesq
denmark_1888_1-ore_NGC-XF45-BN_c_d.JPG
Denmark - 1888 - 1 ore - Copenhagen. NGC - XF-45 BN24 viewsDenmark, King Christian IX. Bronze 1 Ore coin.
Struck in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Certified XF 45 BN by NGC.

obv: King Christian IX's Monogram, date '1888' @ 7 o'clock, mintmark & initials @ 5 o'clock.

rev: '1 Ore'; to right grain, to left = dolphin
rexesq
1564_Woodblock.jpg
der Cosmography (xxxiii) / Das Erste Buch (xxxiiii)105 viewsDate: AD 1564
Size:Sheet measures c. 8" W x 12" H
Woodblock measures c. 3 x 3", 5 x 3"

2 woodblocks depicting ships sailing, globe with lattitude / longitude measurements.
Original woodblock print(s) contained on this original 1564 leaf from Munsters "Cosmographia- Beschreibng"
Noah
Augustus_Provident_SC_2b.jpg
Divus Augustus | Altar & PROVIDENT * AD. Æ As - 27 BC-14 AD125 views
Divus Augustus | Altar & PROVIDENT * AD. Bronze As.

Obv: Radiate head of Divus Augustus, left-facing: DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER
Rev: Altar-enclosure with double panelled doors, closed; uncertain ornaments at the top, PROVIDENT beneath.

Exergue: None.

Mint: Rome
Struck: 31-37 AD
(Struck under Tiberius)

Size: 29.15 mm.
Weight: 9.71 grm.
Die axis: 180°

Condition: Quite worn but with yet clearly visible images both sides; most obverse legend visible & legible, showing: [DIVV]S AVGVSTVS [P]ATER. Some light red-ish encrustration on the upper-right of the obverse, behind top of portrait.

Refs:*
BN, 132
Cohen, 228
RIC I, 81 (Tiberius)
BMCRE, 146 (Tiberius)

AUGUSTUS: Gaius Octavius Thurinus, later Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, was born Sept. 23, 63 BC. After defeating his rivals he is given the title 'Augustus' by which he became known thenceforth.
Tiathena
Vespasian~1.jpg
Divus Vespasian55 viewsDIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS
laureate head right

E-X across field,
S C inscribed on shield set on a column, column surmounted by an urn, laurel branch on either side.

Rome,80-81 AD

2.87g

RIC II 62 (Titus); BMCRE 125 (Titus); BN 98; RSC 149; SEAR 6568

Ex-Calgary Coin

Sold Forum Auction March 2017
2 commentsJay GT4
DiviVespQuadriga.jpg
Divus Vespasian / Quadriga50 viewsDivus Vespasian. Died AD 79. Denarius struck under Titus, 80-81.
O: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS. Laureate head of Divus Vespasian to right.
R: EX S C Empty quadriga advancing left, ornamented with a miniature quadriga flanked by Victories at the top and two standing figures on the side.
- BMC 119. BN 94. RIC 361 (all under Titus).
3 commentsNemonater
00domitquad.jpg
DOMITIAN40 viewsAE quadrans. 81-96 BC. 2.96 grs. Helmeted, draped bust of Minerva right. IMP DOMIT AVG GERM. / Olive branch upright. SC.
CBN 524, pl. cxvii (same dies). RIC 428.
Gemini I. Lot 347.
2 commentsbenito
00domitquad~0.jpg
DOMITIAN20 viewsAE quadrans. 81-96 BC. 2.96 grs. Helmeted, draped bust of Minerva right. IMP DOMIT AVG GERM. / Olive branch upright. SC.
CBN 524, pl. cxvii (same dies). RIC 428.
benito
70170q00.jpg
Domitian (as Caesar)22 viewsSilver Denarius
Roman Imperial - The Principate

Domitian
(As Caesar)

Rome mint, early 76 - early 77 A.D
Fine, toned.
17.9 mm / 3.282 g / 180°

Obverse: "CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS", laureate head right.
Reverse: "COS IIII", Pegasus standing right, only near wing showing, raising left foreleg.

Ex Forvm Ancient Coins 2016 (70170)

RIC II, part 1, Vespasian 921 (C2); RSC II 47; BMCRE II Vespasian 193; BnF III Vespasian 169; SRCV I 2637

MyID: 029A

Image Credit: Forvm Ancient Coins
2 commentsTenthGen
Domitian_RIC_787.jpg
Domitian - [RIC II 787, BMCRE II 230, BN 206]80 viewsSilver denarius, 3.231g, 18.7mm, 180 degree, Rome mint, 14 Sep 95 - 13 Sep 96 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XV, laureate head right

Rev. - IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P, Minerva standing right, shield in left, brandishing javelin with right

Excellent centering, full legends, and pleasant feel
___________

Purshased from Forum Ancient Coins

Ex. FORVM Dealer Photo
2 commentsrenegade3220