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DIOCLEZ-6.jpg
32 viewsDIOCLETIAN - Potin Tetradrachm - year 2 (285/286)
Ob.: A K Γ ΟΥΑΛ ΔΙΟΚΛΗΤΙΑΝΟC CEB; laureate & draped bust right
Rev.: L B; Alexandria stg. left, holds bust of Serapis and sceptre
gs. 6,7 mm. 19,8
Milne 4781
Maxentius
Tacitus- Dikaiosyne.jpg
504 viewsTacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

AK K Λ TAKITOC CEB

AK: AVTOKRATOR is the equivalent of the Latin Imperator, 'emperor'.
K Λ is an abbreviation for K AV IOC, 'Claudius' transliterated into Greek.
TOK: TAKITOC= Tacitus
CEB: SEBASTOS (greek indication for augustus).

With the pellet between TOC . CEB

Reverse:
ETOVC A (year 1)

Dikaiosyne standing left holding scales in right hand and cornucopia in left. Diakaiosyne is the Greek equivalent of Aequitas ('Equity, Fair Dealing' to quote Sear).

Domination: Billon TETRAdrachm (4 drachms): size 21 mm

Mint: Alexandria, provincial.

Comment:
These Egyptian issues are not in RIC, but the old standard catalogue for these is Milne, where yours is no. 4492, with the pellet between TOC . CEB. They are also listed in the new Sear vol.III (though in not as much detail), where the nearest is 11831, which doesn't have the pellets in the obverse legend (Milne 4489). Other references : Curtis 1832, BMC 2403v ; Geissen 3115.
1 commentsJohn Schou
NERO-6.jpg
41 viewsNERO - Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria - Year 12=65/66 AD.
Obv.:NERΩ KΛAΥ KAIΣ ΣEB ΓER, radiate bust right, wearing aegis
Rev.: AΥTOKPA, draped bust of Alexandria right in elephant skin headdress, LIB to right.
Gs. 12,65 mm. 26,9
Milne 238, Emmett 109

Maxentius
CONTIUS1-1.jpg
47 viewsConstantius I Chlorus - AE Post-Reform Radiate - 294-299 AD - Alexandria mint
Obv.: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev.: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Constantius standing right, receiving globe from Jupiter standing opposite and holding a scepte, Δ between. In ex., ALE
Gs. 3,2 mm. 20,5
Cohen 20

Maxentius
carinus_emmett_4001.JPG
43 viewsCarinus
Alexandrian tetradrachm
A K M A KAPINOC CEB, Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Athena seated left on throne, with Nike on right hand and spear in left hand, shield beneath, LB across (year 2) 282-283AD
Emmett 4001, rated R3
1 commentstjaart
rjb_2012_06_08.jpg
12 viewsdiocletian
alexandria
mauseus
aurelian_emmett_3927.JPG
41 viewsA K Λ ΔOM AΥΡHΛIANOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
ETOVC-S (year 6), eagle standing right, wreath in beak, palm behind.
1 commentstjaart
Alexandria_Egypt_tetradrachm.jpg
42 viewsEGYPT, ALEXANDRIA, Gallienus (A.D. 253-268), Potin Tetradrachm, 10.77g., 23mm, Dated year 14 (A.D. 266/7), AVT K P LIK GALLIHNOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right, rev., eagle standing left, head right, holding wreath in beak, L ID (date) before, palm behind, (Köln 2932; Dattari 5283; Milne 4145),


Provenance:

Ex Boston Museum of Fine Arts (Deaccessioned #88.230).

Purchased from Alfred Oscar van Lennep (1851-1913), Anglo-Dutch Numismatic and Antiquities Dealer (Smyrna, (Izmir) Turkey), January 5th, 1888.
paul1888
D_T-2638.jpg
30 viewsGAUL: Anonymous, circa 80-52 BC, AE15, cf. D&T 2638 (for style), stylized Alexandrian head right // YLLYCCV (?) around sylized eagle standing left; pentagram and pellets-in-annulets to right1 commentsQuant.Geek
Randy.JPG
Falling horseman58 viewsAll 15 official mints.
Alexandria
Amiens
Antioch
Aquileia
Arles
Constantinople
Cyzicus
Heraclea
Lyons
Nicomedia
Rome
Sirmium
Siscia
Thessalonica
Trier
Barbaous Mint

Updated coins with a new background (thanks Jay!)
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
normal_Galba_Alex_Tet~0.jpg
7 Galba 36 viewsGalba
Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria.
Year 1 = 68 AD.
ΛΟΥΚ ΛΙΒ ΣΟΥΛΠ ΓΑΛΒΑ ΚΑΙΣ ΣΕΒ, laureate head right, LA before / ΕΛΕΥ-ΘΕΡΙΑ, Eleutheria standing half-left, holding wreath and sceptre, and leaning on column.
Köln 220, milne 311
Ex Nilus Coins
RE0001
1 commentsSosius
100_3196.JPG
Nero Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria. 252 viewsRare. unlisted type9 commentsRandygeki(h2)
57314q00~0.jpg
15 Hadrian69 viewsHADRIAN
BI tetradrachm, Alexandria mint, 11.1g, 25.1mm
29 Aug 125 - 28 Aug 126 A.D.
ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ Α∆ΡΙΑ CΕΒ, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis, from behind / L ∆Ε KATOV (year 10), Canopus jar of Osiris, ornamented with figures, wearing crown of horns, uraei disk, and plumes
Kampmann-Ganschow 32.351; Geissen 903; Dattari 1326; Milne 1154; BMC Alexandria p. 75, 630; Emmett 827
Choice gVF
Purchased from FORVM

Note that at some point in this coin's history, it seems to have been used a host for very poor quality fakes. After discussion on the FORVM board, I am comfortable that this coin is indeed the original. Shame on the former owner that used it for copies!

During the mummification process, large organs, such as the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines were extracted and placed in four jars. In the Ptolemaic period, the Greeks called these jars "canopic jars," relating them to the deity of the old city Canop (now a village in Abu Kyr). The heart was left in the body because it held the spirit, understanding and senses and would be needed on the Day of Judgment in the underworld. -- FORVM
RI0073
3 commentsSosius
Hadrian_and_Sabina_Alex_Tet_-_Köln_1093_lg~0.jpg
15.25 Hadrian and Sabina63 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian. AD 117-138. BI Tetradrachm (25mm, 12.94 g, 12h). Dated RY 18 (AD 133/4). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Hadrian right / Draped bust of Sabina right, wearing stephane; L–IH (date) across field. Köln 1093; Dattari (Savio) 1255; K&G 32.572. VF, find patina, slight die shift on obverse.

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 34 (6 May 1995), lot 331.

Ex CNG eAuction 318
6 commentsSosius
Aquilia_Severa_Alex_Tet_-_Köln_2369_lg~0.jpg
29.6 Aquilia Severa - Wife of Elagabalus28 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Aquilia Severa. Augusta, AD 220-221 & 221-222. Potin Tetradrachm (23mm, 11.63 g, 11h). Dated RY 4 of Elagabalus (AD 220/1). Draped bust right / Homonoia standing left, right hand raised, holding double cornucopia with left; L Δ (date) to left. Köln 2369; Dattari (Savio) 4178; K&G 58.3. Near VF, dark brown patina, light porosity.

Ex CNG eAuction 318
Sosius
Gordian_I_Tetradrachm_Alexandria_Dattari_4659~0.jpg
32 Gordian I Africanus52 viewsGORDIAN I
BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt (22mm, 12.90 g, 12h). Dated RY 1 (AD 238)

AK M AN ΓOPΔIANOC CЄM AΦP, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Nike seated left; LA (date) to left.

Köln 2602; Dattari 4659; K&G 68.10. Good VF, untouched brown patina with scattered red and green.
Ex Editions V. Gadoury, Auction 2012, 1 December 2012, Monaco, Lot 335.
Ex CNG 93, May 2013
4 commentsSosius
Galerius_RIC_Alexandria_79v_hwflip.jpg
4 Galerius41 viewsGALERIUS
AE Folles, Alexandria, 308 AD

IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, bust l. / GENIO IMPE-RATORIS Genius standing left, holding cornucopia and patera, X in l. field, A over K in r. field, ALE in ex.

RIC VI Alexandria 79v (reverse legend break). VF, die break/chip at 12:00 on reverse.
1 commentsSosius
rjb_2016_09_01.jpg
4110 viewsClaudius 41-54 AD
Tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Year 6
Rev: Messalina, 3rd wife of Claudius, holding two small children (Claudia Octavia and Britannicus) in outstretched hand
RPC I 5164
mauseus
428_P_Hadrian_Emmett850.jpg
4996A EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Harpocrates standing24 viewsReference.
RPC III, 4996A; Emmett 850.2; Dattari 1375

http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/3/4996A/

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΝΟС (sic) ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС
Laureate head right; drapery on left shoulder

Rev. LB (date)
Harpocrates standing facing, raising hand to mouth and holding cornucopia, leaning on column.

13.60 gr
23 mm.
12 h.
okidoki
rjb_2017_07_04.jpg
6934 viewsOtho 69 AD
AR tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Obv "AYTOK MAPK OΘΩNOΣ KAIΣ ΣEB, LA"
Laureate bust right
Rev "EΛEYΘEPIA"
Eleutheria standing left holding wreath and transverse sceptre, leaning on a column
RPC I 5359, Milne 365
3 commentsmauseus
Claudius_II_Alexandria_eagle.jpg
Claudius II - Alexandria5 viewsBI Tetradrachm
29 Aug 270 - 28 Aug 271 AD
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind
AVT K KΛAV_ΔIOC CEB
eagle standing right, wreath in beak, palm under wing
L_Γ
Dattari 5413; Milne 4291; Geissen 3047; Curtis 1687; BMC Alexandria p. 303, 2336
11,2g
ex Petr Schimandl
Johny SYSEL
38220.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria. Domitian. A.D. 81-96. AE drachm.31 views
Egypt, Alexandria. Domitian. A.D. 81-96. AE drachm (34.7 mm, 23.61 g, 11 h). Alexandria mint, Struck A.D. 95/6. [AVT KAIC ΘЄ] OVIOC ΔOMIT [CЄB ΓЄPM], laureate head of Domitian right / Frontal elevation of triumphal arch; L - IE ( yr. 15 = A.D. 95/6 ). Emmett 257.15. Near VF / VF, very dark green smooth patina. Scarce (Emmett "frequency" 2).
From the D. Thomas Collection; Wz Group CEM; Ex Walter Niggeler Collection; Ex Bank Leu/Munzen und Medallien.
3 commentsAncient Aussie
1__licinius_I_.jpg
Licinius I 308-324 AD50 viewsAE Follis
Mint: Alexandria, Date- 321-324 AD
Obv: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,chlamys across left shoulder, holding Victory on a globe in right hand & leaning on scepter with eagle, at left on ground an eagle with wreath in beak, to rightcaptive.
In right field: XII gamma = 12 1/2 denarii communes
Exergue: SMALA
Size: 3.5 gms;19 mm.
Ref:RIC VII, 28
3 commentsbrian l
GI_146d_img.jpg
Maximianus Herculius, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Year 1, Eirene13 viewsObv:– A K M OYA MAXIMIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Eirene, standing left, holding live branch and transverse sceptre.
Minted in Alexandria (L | A). A.D. 285-286
Reference:– Milne 4778. Emmett 4113(1) R1. Curtis 2064. BMC 2553. Dattari 5859
maridvnvm
maximianusegypt~1.jpg
Maximianus, Roman Provincial Egypt 14 viewsMaximianus Billion tetradrachm 285-310 CE.
Obverse: MAXIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed head right.
Reverse: Nike flying left, wreath in right hand, palm over shoulder jn left.
S/L (YEAR 6) left, star right. Alexandria mint.
20.6 mm., 7.5 g., Alexandria 2577
NORMAN K
philipI1s.jpg
Philip II, Alexandria, Billion Tetredrachm20 viewsRoman Empire, Philip II, 247-249
Billion.-Tetradrachm year 5 = 247, Egypt, city of Alexandria.
Obverse: AKM IOV FILIPPOC EVC, bust right
Reverse:. Homonoia with double cornucopia, LE in left field=year 5.
24mm, 13.2 g., Datt. 5057, BMC 16.267.2059
sold 1-2018

Billion is an alloy of precious metal, mostly silver, with a mixture or base metal such as copper. Many Roman coins from the 2nd and 3rd century are made of billion because of debasements of the denarius and the tetradrachm.
NORMAN K
Probus.jpg
Probus Billon Tetradrachm Aug 29 A.D. 277 - Aug 28 A.D. 278, cf. Dattari 5545; Milne 4557; Curtis 1890; Geissen 3134; Kampmann-Ganschow 112.15; BMC Alexandria p. 314, 242325 viewsA K M AVP ΠPOBOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / Tyche standing left, modius on head, rudder on globe in right, cornucopia in left, LΓ (?, year 3) above left. Alexandria mint.
Maximum Diameter: 19.7 mm
Weight: 7.58 g
2 commentsTheEmpireNeverEnded
cdb1.jpg
Probus, Egypt, Alexandria BI tetradrachm83 viewsEgypt, Alexandria. Probus. A.D. 276-282. BI tetradrachm (20.8 mm, 8.07 g)
Dated RY 3 = A.D. 277/8.
Obverse: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CEB, laureate and draped bust right
Reverse: L-Γ,( year 3) eagle standing facing, head right, with wreath in its beak. Milne 4566; Curtis 1867; Emmett 3985.
1 commentsNORMAN K
Ptolemy_V_Epiphanes_AE_Tetrobol.jpg
Ptolemy V Epiphanes12 viewsAlexandria mint.
Æ Tetrobol
27mm, 14.24 grams
205-180 BC., Struck circa 197-183/2 BC.
Wreathed and draped bust of Isis right
Eagle standing left on thunderbolt.
Svoronos 1234; Weiser 130; SNG Copenhagen 247
jaseifert
Severus_Alexander_tetradrachm,_ex_Boyd.jpg
Alexandria BI tetradrachm of Severus Alexander, 224-225 AD105 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Severus Alexander. AD 222-235
BI Tetradrachm
Dated RY 5 (AD 225/6)
Laureate, draped bust r.
A KAI MAP AVP CEV AΛEΞANΔO CEV
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Diakosyne standing facing, head left, holding cornucopia and scales; LЄ to left
K&G 62.58; Köln 2428-9; Dattari 4293

Ex W.C. Boyd Collection (Baldwin's 42, 26 September 2005), lot 207 (part of); purchased from Spink, January 1895
Ardatirion
nero_popp_alexandria~0.jpg
(0062) POPPAEA31 views(wife of Nero)
Struck 64/65 AD Egypt-Alexandria
AR Tetradrachm 24 mm, 11.30 g
O: NERW KLAU KAIS SEB [GER AU] Radiate head right
R: POPPAIA SEBASTH Draped bust of Poppaea right
L IA in lower right field (Year 11)
Egypt, Alexandria
Emmett 128; Milne 223; Curtis 143; BMC 124; Glasgow 168
laney
hadrianserpent.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN47 views117 - 138 AD
Struck 138 AD
BILLON TETRADRACHM 12.78 g
O: HEAD OF HADRIAN, RIGHT
R: AGATHODAEMON SERPENT ERECT, RIGHT, WEARING SKHENT AND SUPPORTING A WINGED CADUCEUS IN ITS FOLD
MILNE 946 (year 4)
ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN EGYPT
(ex Aegean Numismatics)
laney
hadrian_eagle_tet_res.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN34 views117 - 138 AD
Struck 119 - 120 AD
Billon Tetracrachm 23.5 mm, 12.59 g
O: Laureate head right, Greek legend around
R: L/D (year), either side of eagle standing right
Alexandria, Egypt mint
1 commentslaney
hadrian_isis_egypt.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN40 views117-138 AD
(struck 133-134 AD)
Æ Drachm 34 mm 21.58 gm
O: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: Isis Pharia standing right, wearing chiton, peplos and headdress of horns, disk and plumes, billowing sail in both hands and under left foot, sistrum in right; I / L - H across lower fields (year 18)
Alexandria, Roman Egypt
SNG Cop. 384; BMC Alexandria p. 89, 754 var; Köln.1118
laney
hadrian_panther_alexandria.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN17 views117 - 138 AD
Struck 126/7
AE obol 18.5 mm; 4.33 g
O: Laureate bust of Hadrian right
R: Panther standing right, head inverted to left; date above.
Egypt, Alexandria; cf. Geissen 974. Kampmann-Ganschow 134, 32.443
laney
hadrian_agath.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN38 views117 - 138 AD
Struck 138 AD
BILLON TETRADRACHM 12.78 g
O: HEAD OF HADRIAN, RIGHT
R: AGATHADAEMON SERPENT ERECT, RIGHT, WEARING SKHENT AND SUPPORTING A WINGED CADUCEUS IN ITS FOLD
MILNE 946 (year 4)
ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN EGYPT
(ex Aegean Numismatics)
laney
hadrian_eagle_alex_diobol.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN14 views117 - 138 AD
Dated Year 19 = 134/5 AD
Æ diobol 24.5 mm, 8.35 g
O: AVT KAIC TPAIAN AΔPIANOC CEB, laureate and draped bust right
R: Eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head left.
Egypt, Alexandria; Milne -, Emmett 1122 (scarce)
d.s.
laney
hadrian_alexandria_agath_b.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN--Alexandria21 views117 - 138 AD
Struck 120-121 AD
Billon Tetradrachm 23.5 mm, 14.3 g
O: AVT KAI TPAI CEB Laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder, crescent before
R: Agathodaemon serpent erect right, wearing skhent and entwining caduceus and grain ears in coils; LE (date) in exe.
Egypt, Alexandria; Ref: Emmett 803.5 koln 804/805 var. Dattari 1547 Milne 982 RPC 3, 5270
laney
agathodae_hadrian_alexandria.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN--Alexandria23 views117 - 138 AD
Struck 120-121 AD
Billon Tetradrachm 23.5 mm, 14.3 g
O: AVT KAI TPAI CEB Laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder, crescent before
R: Agathodaemon serpent erect right, wearing skhent and entwining caduceus and grain ears in coils; LE (date) in exe.
Egypt, Alexandria; Ref: Emmett 803.5 koln 804/805 var. Dattari 1547 Milne 982 RPC 3, 5270
laney
anton_pius~2.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS--ALEXANDRIA58 views138 - 161 AD
Struck 144 - 145 AD
AE 31.5 mm 20.02 g
Antoninus Pius/Sphinx
Obv. Laur head of Antoninus Pius R
Rev. Sphinx crowned with horns, disk and plumes, seated R, paw on wheel
Alexandria, Egypt
laney
a_pius_alexandria_res.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS--ALEXANDRIA80 views138 - 161 AD
BI TETRADRACHM 24 mm 13.38 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Serapis standing l., head r., Cerberus at his feet
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
Emmett 1428, Rare (R3/5); bust var. of Dattari 2364, BM 982, Cologne 1794.

1 commentslaney
faustina_jr_kybele_alexand_b.jpg
(0145) FAUSTINA II43 viewsAE drachm 32 x 30.5 mm; 18.52 g
Dated year 20 = AD 156-157.
O: [FAVCTINA CEBACTH], draped bust right
R: L-K, Kybele seated left between two seated lions, holding patera and resting arm on drum.
Egypt, Alexandria; Milne 2330; Emmett 1992.
(from Dave Surber collection)
d.s.

laney
SEV_ALEX_SERAP.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER (as Caesar)38 views222 - 235 AD
struck ca. 222 AD
BI TETRADRACHM 22 mm 11.82 g
Dated RY 5 of Elagabalus (AD 221/2)
O: Bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from front
R: Sarapis standing facing, head right, with hand on hip, holding sceptre; L-E (date) across fields.
EGYPT, ALEXANDRIA
Köln 2398; Dattari 4247; Milne 2859; Emmett 3082
laney
salonina_tet~0.jpg
(0253) SALONINA33 views(wife of Gallienus; mother of emperors Valerian II and Saloninus) 253 - 268 AD
AE TETRADRACHM 21.5 mm 11.28 g
O: KORNHLIA SALWNINA CEB
DIAD DR BUST R
R: TYCHE SEATED L HOLDING RUDDER AND CORNUCOPIA
ALEXANDRIA
MILNE 3490
(SEAR III 10699)
laney
salonina_alexandria.jpg
(0253) SALONINA61 views(wife of Gallienus; mother of emperors Valerian II and Saloninus)
253 - 268 AD
struck year 4 of joint rule of Gallienus and Valerian I
AE TETRADRACHM 21.5 mm 11.28 g
O: KORNHLIA SALWNINA CEB Diademed draped bust right
R: Tyche seated left,holding rudder and cornucopia, LD (year 4) above left
ALEXANDRIA; Emmett 3760a (see also Milne 3940; Sear III 10699). Rare
2 commentslaney
claud_ii_alexandria_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS59 views268 - 270 AD
Struck Sept. 268 - Aug. 269 AD (year 1)
Billon Tetradrachm 22 mm 8.62 g
O: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: Eagle standing R, looking back, holding wreath in beak, date AL (year 1) right;
Geissen 3015, Curtis 1670, BMC 2331
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
laney
aurelian_nike_alexandria.jpg
(0270) AURELIAN15 views270-275 AD
struck 274/275
Billon Tetradrachm, 20 mm; 8.53 g O: A KΛΔΟ M AVPHΛΙΑΝΟC CEB, laurate and bearded bust right of Aurelian.
O: A KΛΔΟ M AVPHΛΙΑΝΟC CEB, laurate and bearded bust of Aurelian right.
R: ETOYC S ( = year 6 AD 274/75), Nike advancing right holding wreath in front, palm branch behind left shoulder.
Egypt, Alexandria; Ref: Emmett 3947 ( Rarity 4 )
laney
auerl_valab_res.jpg
(0270) AURELIAN & VABALATHUS37 views270 - 275 AD
Struck 270/271 AD (year 2 of Aurelian, year 5 of Vabalathus)
AE Potin Tetradrachm 20 mm 8.57 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Aurelian right; L-B (B=year 2)
R: Laureate, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Vaballathus right; L-E (E=year 5)
Alexandria
Emmett 3914; Milne 4330
laney
tacitus_alexandria_res.jpg
(0275) TACITUS--ALEXANDRIA29 views275 - 276 AD
Potin Tetradrachm 21 mm 7.03 g
Obverse: A K KL TAKITOC CEB, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Reverse: ETOYC-A (year 1)across fields, eagle standing left, head right, with wreath in its beak.
ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN EGYPT
Milne 4502 / Dattari 551
laney
probus_alexandria_tyche_res.jpg
(0276) PROBUS 22 views276 - 282 AD
(struck 278/279--year 3)
Billon Tetradrachm 19.5 mm max., 7.32 g
O: AKM AVP ΠPOBOC CEB,laurate, bearded bust right of Probus.
R: Tyche standing left holding rudder in right hand and cornucopiae in left, upper left field regnal year LΓ ( year 3)
Egypt, Alexandria
Ref:SNG Cop 924-925, Emmett 3994
laney
carinus_potin_res.jpg
(0283) CARINUS29 views283 - 285 AD
struck 282/283 AD (reignal year 1)
Potin Tetradrachm 19 mm, 7.86 g.
O: A KMA KAPINOC K, laureate and cuirassed bust right
R: Eagle standing between two standards, LA above.
Alexandria
Köln 3170; Dattari 5578; Milne 4679; Curtis 1913
laney
CARINUS_ALEXANDRIA.jpg
(0283) CARINUS35 views283 - 285 AD
(Struck Year 3=284 AD)
AE Tetradrachm 18 mm 5.42 g
O: A K MA KA_PINOC CEB Laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: ETOVC Homonoia standing facing, head left, right hand raised, double cornucopiae in left
Gamma &G; in right field
Alexandria, Egypt
Emmett 4009; Milne 4737; Curtis 1522; BMC 2455
laney
carinus_alexandria_res_a.jpg
(0283) CARINUS--ALEXANDRIA34 views283 - 285 AD
BI POTIN TETRADRACHM 19 mm 6.70 g
O: A K M A KAPINOC CEB laureate and cuirassed bust right
R: L-B around Elpis standing left holding flower and hem of skirt
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
Emmett 4007
laney
numerian_athena.jpg
(0283) NUMERIAN14 views283 - 284 AD
Billon tetradrachm 19.3 mm max., 7.732 g
O: A K M A NOVMEPIANOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind;
R: Athena seated left on high backed throne, wearing crested helmet, Nike in right, shield leaning against throne, L - B* (year 2) across fields
Alexandria mint; Milne 4719; Curtis 1939; Dattari 5608; BMC Alexandria p. 319, 2464 var. (star)
(ex FORUM)
laney
numerian_alexandria_res.jpg
(0283) NUMERIAN, AS CAESAR66 views283-284 AD
Billon Potin Tetradrachm 19.5 mm 7.78g
O: A K M A NOVMEPIANOC K C Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Numerian right
R: Dikaiosyne standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae; L-A (Year 1) in upper left field.
ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN EGYPT
Reference: Dattari 5600, Emmett 4015
laney
dioclet_elpis_alexandria.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN28 views284 - 305 AD
Struck 292/293 (Year 9)
AE Tetradrachm 20 mm; 8.18 g
O: DIOKLHTIANOC CEB Laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: ENATOY Elpis advancing left, flower upward in right hand, hitching skirt with left,
L in right field; D in exergue
Egypt-Alexandria, Officina 4; Emmett 4046, Curtis 1990; Milne 5086; BMC 2503; Dattari 5675
laney
diocl_alexandrian_billlon_tet.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN9 views284-305 AD.
Dated Year 3 (286/7 AD)
BI Tetradrachm 17.5 X 19.2 mm; 6.79 g
O: Laureate cuirassed bust right
R: Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae; LΓ (date) to right.
EGYPT, Alexandria.
laney
diocletian_alexandria_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN--ALEXANDRIA38 views284 - 305 AD
Struck 286/287 (Year 3)
AE TETRADRACHM 19.5x20.5 mm 8.10 g
O: AKG OVA DIOKLHTIANOC CEB Laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: eagle standing left, head turned right, wreath in beak, ETOYC and star left, "G" (year 3) right;
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
Emmett 4037; Curtis 1969; BMC 2532
laney
max_egypt_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS29 views286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.
Struck 287/8 AD
Billon potin tetradrachm 18 mm 7.51 g
O: K M A OYA MAXIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: Homonoia standing left, raising right, double cornucopia in left, L -G (year 3) across fields
Egypt, Alexandria mint
BMC 2561, Curtis 2091 , Milne 4855
laney
maximianus_alexandria_b_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS--ALEXANDRIA31 views286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D
Struck 294/295 (Year 10)
AE TETRADRACHM 20.5 mm 6.44 g
O: MAXIMI_ANOC CEB Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind
R: Nike flying right, wreath upward in right hand, palm in left over shoulder L / I across fields
ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN PROVINCIAL EGYPT
Emmett 4147; Milne 5181 var; Curtis 2105 var; BMC 2585 var

laney
maximinus_alexandria_a_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS--ALEXANDRIA25 views286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.,
Billon tetradrachm 19.5 mm 7.55 g
O: "MAXIMIANO"C C"EB", laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: ENATOY L (year 9), Homonoia standing left, raising right, double cornucopia in left, star in right field
ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN PROVINCIAL EGYPT
Milne 5126; Dattari 5936; BMC Alexandria p. 330, 2567

laney
galerius_genio_imp_0702.jpg
(0293) GALERIUS37 views293 - 305 AD (as Caesar)
305 - 311 AD (as Augustus)
AE Follis 26.5 mm max. 5.20 g
O: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right;
R: GENIO IMP-ERATORIS, Genio standing left holding patera in right, cornucopia in left, K - Γ/P at sides, ALE in ex
Alexandria
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GALER_GENIO.jpg
(0293) GALERIUS45 views293 - 305 AD (as Caesar)
305 - 311 AD (as Augustus)
AE 23 X 25.5 mm 5.66 g
O: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
LAUR HEAD R
R: GENIO IMPERITORIS, K iN LEFT FIELD, T/K IN RIGHT FIELD
GENIUS STANDING L POURING FROM PATERA AND HOLDING CORNUCOPIA
ALE IN EXE
ALEXANDRIA
(JRyan)

laney
licinius_tan.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS35 views308 - 324 AD
Æ follis 18 X 20 mm, 2.61 g
O: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG; radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
R: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG; Jupiter standing left, with chlamys, holding eagle-tipped sceptre and Victory on globe; at his feet to left, eagle with wreath in beak left; to right, captive seated right, head reverted; X/IIG in right field; SMALB in exergue.
Alexandria mint RIC VII 28

laney
licinius_iovi_0702.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I50 views308 - 324 AD
AE 19 mm 2.94 g
O: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding scepter and Victory on globe, eagle with wreath in beak and bound captive at his feet, X/ IIGamma in right field
struck 321 - 324 AD
SMALA in exe
Alexandria
1 commentslaney
constantius_al_s.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II53 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
337 - 361 AD
CONSTANTIUS II
AE 21 mm 4.02 g
O: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, diad dr cuir bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who clutches horse's neck; DOT S Dot in left field; star to left of soldier
ALEXANDRIA
laney
constantius_ii_ft_ale_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II13 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18 mm, 1.96 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman
Alexandria mint
laney
constantius_ii_ft_aleg_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II19 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18 mm, 1.96 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman
Alexandria mint
laney
claudius_nilus_res.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS23 views41 - 54 AD
struck 50 - 51 AD
AE Diobol 24.5 mm, 5.44 g
O: Diademed head right
R: Nilus bust right; cornucopia behind, small Genius standing before
Year 11
Alexandria mint
cf BMC Alexandria 81, RPC I 5174
laney
claudius_nilus_res~0.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS24 views41 - 54 AD
struck 50 - 51 AD
AE Diobol 24.5 mm, 5.44 g
O: Diademed head right
R: Nilus bust right; cornucopia behind, small Genius standing before
Year 11
Alexandria mint
cf BMC Alexandria 81, RPC I 5174
laney
nero_alex_r_2res.jpg
(06) NERO27 views54 - 68 AD
Struck 65 - 66 AD
Billon tetracrachm 24 mm 11.78 g
O: NERWKLAYKAISSEBGER Radiatebust of Nero right, wearing aegis
R: AYIGO-KRA Bust of Alexandria right, wearing elephant head headdress, L IB (year 12) right
Alexandria, Provincial Egypt
Milne 238, SRCV I 2004, Emmett 109, Koln 172, Dattari 204, BMC 163, RPC 5289
(ex Forum)
laney
nero_popp_alexandria.jpg
(06) NERO34 views54 - 68 AD
Struck 64/65 AD Egypt-Alexandria
AR Tetradrachm 24 mm, 11.30 g
O: NERW KLAU KAIS SEB [GER AU] Radiate head right
R: POPPAIA SEBASTH Draped bust of Poppaea right
L IA in lower right field (Year 11)
Egypt, Alexandria
Emmett 128; Milne 223; Curtis 143; BMC 124; Glasgow 168
laney
nero_alexandria_b.jpg
(06) NERO16 views54 - 68 AD
Struck 65 - 66 AD
Billon tetracrachm 24 mm 11.78 g
O: NERWKLAYKAISSEBGER Radiatebust of Nero right, wearing aegis
R: AYIGO-KRA Bust of Alexandria right, wearing elephant head headdress, L IB (year 12) right
Alexandria, Provincial Egypt
Milne 238, SRCV I 2004, Emmett 109, Koln 172, Dattari 204, BMC 163, RPC 5289
(ex Forum)
laney
NERO_ALEXANDRIA_RES.jpg
(06) NERO--ALEXANDRIA46 views54 - 68 AD
BILLON TETRADRACHM 25 mm 9.05 g
OBV: RAD BUST R
REV: EAGLE ADVANCING L ON THNUDERBOLT
ALEXANDRIA
laney
galba_alexandria_tet_b.jpg
(07) GALBA29 views 68 - 69 AD
Billon Tetradrachm, 25mm, 12.52 grams
O: Laureate head of Galba right, LA below chin.
R: EI PH NH, Veiled and draped bust of Eirene right, kerykeion over shoulder.
Egypt, Alexandria MintEmmett171 // RPC5328 // Dattari302 // Koln219 // K&G17.3
2 commentslaney
OTHO_RED.jpg
(08) OTHO46 viewsOTHO
69 AD
AR Billon Tetradrachm
O: LAUREATE HEAD OF OTHO, RIGHT
R: EIRENE, VEILED
ALEXANDRIA MINT
1 commentslaney
otho_eirene.jpg
(08) OTHO21 views69 AD
AR Billon Tetradrachm 24 mm; 10.83 g
O: LAUREATE HEAD OF OTHO, RIGHT
R: EIRENE, VEILED
ALEXANDRIA MINT
laney
Licinius_II.jpg
*SOLD*43 viewsLicinius II AE

Attribution: RIC VII 30, Alexandria
Date: AD 321-324
Obverse: DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, helmeted and cuirassed bust r., holding shield,
spear over shoulder
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter stg. l.; chlamys over l. shoulder, Victory in r. hand, staff in l., eagle w/ wreath in beak at feet, bound captive behind, X w/ 12 ½ denarii communes mark below, SMALA in exergue
Size: 18 mm
1 commentsNoah
Elagabalus~0.jpg
*SOLD*12 viewsElagabalus AE 25

Attribution: SNG Cop 148, SNG Çanakkale 312, SNG Von Aulock, Alexandria Troas
Date: AD 218-222
Obverse: ANTONIN-VS PIVS A-VG, laureate head r.
Reverse: COL ALE-XAND AVG, Apollo stg l. bending forward, naked, r. foot on base, branch in r., l. on hip
Size: 26.6 mm
Weight: 7.95 grams
ex- Forvm
Noah
001_vespasian_tet_14_8grams_feb-01-feb-02-2012_o-r.JPG
0 - a - Vespasian Silver Tetradrachm - 14.8 Grams - Antioch, Syria.74 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Antioch, Syria.
Silver Tetradrachm of Emperor Vespasian ( 69 - 79 AD )

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of the Emperor facing right.
rev: Eagle, holding a laureate wreath in his beak, standing on club of Hercules facing left, palm branch to left in field.

Size: 28 - 29 mm
Weight: 14.8 Grams.
--
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~*~ CLICK PHOTO FOR FULLSIZE ~*~
~~~
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6 commentsrexesq
alexandria.jpg
0017 viewshill132
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-XV_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-544-30_Syd-1235_RSC-30_Q-001_5h_16,8-17mm_2,72g-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-30, AR-denarius, LEG-XV, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,126 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-30, AR-denarius, LEG-XV, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-XV, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,8-17mm, weight: 2,72g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: 32-31 B.C., ref: Crawford-544/30, Sydneham-1235, RSC-47,
Q-001
"Legion XV Apollinaris was raised by Caesar in Gallia Cisalpina in 53 BC. In the time of Augustus-Tiberius the legion was stationed in Ljubljana, then in Carnuntum and later in Alexandria and took part in the Jewish War and the capture of Jerusalem. In the 2nd and 3rd century the legion fought mainly in the East against the Parthians."
1 commentsquadrans
2160368.jpg
001a. Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony48 viewsSYRIA, Coele-Syria. Chalcis ad Libanum. Mark Antony, with Cleopatra VII. 36-31 BC. Æ 19mm (5.45 g, 12h). Dated RY 21 (Egyptian) and 6 (Phoenician) of Cleopatra (32/1 BC). Draped bust of Cleopatra right, wearing stephane / Bare head of Mark Antony right; dates in legend. RPC I 4771; Rouvier 440 (Berytus); SNG München 1006; SNG Copenhagen 383 (Phoenicia). Near Fine, green patina.

Chalcis was given by Antony to Cleopatra in 36 BC. At the culmination of his spectacular triumph at Alexandria two years later, further eastern territories - some belonging to Rome - were bestowed on the children of the newly hailed “Queen of Kings” (referred to as the “Donations of Alexandria”). Shortly after, Antony formally divorced Octavia, the sister of Octavian. These actions fueled Octavian’s propagandistic efforts to win the support of Rome’s political elite and ultimately led to the Senate’s declaration of war on Cleopatra in 32 BC.

Ex-CNG
ecoli
alexandria1.jpg
002 Constantine II 40 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C. laur.,dr.and cuir.bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate two turrents star above
fld:/ex: wreath-II/SMAL(dot)
hill132
1_Nero.jpg
002.Nero 54-68 AD31 viewsBillion Tetradrachm
Roman Egypt
Mint: Alexandria,Egypt; Date: 66/67 AD
Obv: ΝΕΡΩ ΚΛΑΥ Κ(ΑΙΣ ΣΕΒ ΓΕΡ Ας)-Radiate bust of Nero facing left,wearing aegis on shoulder,
LΙΓ in lower left field.(Year 13=66-67 AD).
Rev: ΘΕΟΣ(ΣΕΒΑΣΘΟΣ)-Radiate head of Divus Augustus facing right.
Size: 24mm,12.7gms
Ref: Milne-251; BMCGr-112; Emmett-113
Ex.Keith Emmett Collection; Ex.Wayne Phillips, Jan 1993; Ex.Beast Coins
5 commentsBrian L
alexandria2.jpg
003 Constantine II 20 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur.,dr.and cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMAL(A=alpha=1)
hill132
alexandria3.jpg
004 Constantine I 26 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: wreath-A/SMAL
hill132
Maximiano.jpg
005 - Maximian (second regin 306-308 AD), half follis - RIC 91b42 viewsObv: DN MAXIMIANO FELICISS, laureate bust right in imperial mantle, right hand rised.
Rev: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, holding branch in right hand and leaning on sceptre left.
Minted in Alexandria (gamma in mid field. ALE in exe), officina 3, earlier to mid 308 AD (that is before his second abdication at the conference in Carnuntum). Scarce according to RIC.

The coin type is supposed to honor the senior emperors Diocletian and Maximian after their abdication in 305 AD.
pierre_p77
alexandria4.jpg
005 Constantine I 20 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: wreath/SMALA
hill132
coin190.JPG
005c. Germanicus48 viewsGermanicus

After the death of Augustus in 14, the Senate appointed Germanicus commander of the forces in Germania. A short time after, the legions rioted on the news that the succession befell on the unpopular Tiberius. Refusing to accept this, the rebel soldiers cried for Germanicus as emperor. But he chose to honor Augustus' choice and put an end to the mutiny, preferring to continue only as a general. In the next two years, he subdued the Germanic tribes east of the Rhine, and assured their defeat in the Battle of the Weser River in 16.

Germanicus died in Alexandria, Egypt. His death was surrounded with speculations, and several sources refer to claims that he was poisoned by Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso, governor of Syria, under orders of the emperor Tiberius.

AS, struck under Caligula. GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVGVST F DIVI AVG N, bare head left / C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT around large SC. Cohen 1.

Check
ecoli
alexandria5.jpg
006 Constantine I 17 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur.bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: wreath-B/SMAL
hill132
4140400.jpg
006a. Claudia13 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Nero, with Claudia. AD 54-68. BI Tetradrachm (22mm, 10.74 g, 12h). Dated RY 3 (AD 56/57). Laureate head of Nero right / Draped bust of Claudia Octavia right; L Γ (date) below chin. Köln 122-4; Dattari (Savio) 190; K&G 14.7; RPC I 5202; Emmett 127.3. Near VF. Ex - CNG

Furthermore, the carefully contrived marriage between Octavia and Nero was a disaster on a personal level. Nero soon embarked on a serious relationship with a freedman named Acte, and more importantly developed an active dislike for his wife. "Quickly feeling aversion to intimacy with Octavia, he replied to his friends who were finding fault with him that she ought to be satisfied with the outward trappings of a wife." This antipthy was not likely to produce offspring who would unite the Julian and Claudian lines. By 58 Nero was becoming involved with a freeborn mistress, Poppaea, whom he would want to make his empress in exchange for Octavia. But the legitimacy of his principate derived from his relationship with his predecessor, and he was not so secure that he could do without the connection with Claudius provided through his mother and his wife. In 59 he was able to arrange for Agrippina's death, but it was not until 62 that he felt free to divorce Octavia and marry Poppaea. The initial grounds for putting Octavia aside was the charge that she was barren because she had had no children. But a more aggressive attack was needed when opposition arose from those who still challenged Nero's prncipate and remained loyal to Octavia as the last representative of her family. With the connivance of Poppaea, charges of adultery were added, Octavia was banished to Campania and then to the island of Pandataria off the coast, and finally killed. Her severed head was sent to Rome.
2 commentsecoli
coins211.JPG
006a. Nero / Poppaea31 viewsAlexandria, Egypt: Nero / Poppaea

Poppaea was married first to Rufrius Crispinus, then to the future (brief) emperor Otho. When Poppaea became mistress of the emperor Nero, Otho's friend, Nero appointed Otho to an important post as governor of Lusitai. Nero married Poppaea, and Poppaea was given the title Augusta. Poppaea and Nero had a daughter, Claudia, who did not live long. Poppaea urged Nero to kill his mother, Agrippina the Younger, and to divorce and later murder his first wife, Octavia. She is also reported to have persuaded Nero to kill the philosopher Seneca, who had supported Nero's previous mistress, Acte Claudia. Nero supposedly kicked her when she was pregnant in 65 C.E. and she died.

Billon tetradrachm, AD 54-68 (year 10 = AD 64) . 11.79gm, 24mm. Radiate head of Nero right / Bust of Poppaea right. Emmett 128 (10); Milne 218. F+ with some corrosion on reverse. Purchased from C. & L. Deland in 1973.
ecoli
A_Pius_diobol_Dattari.jpg
009 Egypt, Alexandria Antoninus Pius Diobol Ex Dattari plate coin16 viewsEgypt, Alexandria. Dattari. Antoninus Pius, 138-161 Diobol circa 151-152 (year 15), Æ 22.5mm., 7.45g.
Obv: Laureate bust r., drapery on l. shoulder.
Rev. Agathodaemon erect, crowned with skhent; in field, L-E.
RPC Online 15718.
Dattari-Savio Pl. 162, 3066 (this coin).
Good Fine.
From the Dattari collection.
Ex: Naville Numismatics Auction 34, Lot 281 September 17, 2017
orfew
IMG_3824.jpg
01 Constantius Gallus38 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP-REPARATIO
soldier spearing Horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching,
ALEΓ in ex
Alexandria 81
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4190.jpg
01 Constantius Gallus36 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching
ALEA / Gama left
Alexandria 74
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4275.jpg
01 Constantius Gallus41 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching
ALEB / dot S dot left
Alexandria 79
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4308.jpg
01 Constantius Gallus22 viewsDN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES, Bare, bust draped and cuirassed right, Delta behind
FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing falling horseman, bare headed reaching
ALE Delata in ex
RIC Alexandria 77
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_4503.jpg
01 Constantius Gallus17 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching
ALEA / Gama left
Alexandria 74
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
100_6447.JPG
01 Constantius II70 viewsConstantius II AE3. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, hair in a topknot, reaching, ALEGamma in ex. Alexandria 82 var (headwear)Randygeki(h2)
cnsiifhax4.JPG
01 Constantius II103 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, Two braids, reaching
ALEΔ in ex. Γ in left field

Alexandria 72 var.
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
consIIftrfhalx121.jpg
01 Constantius II92 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, bearded, bare-headed,reaching
ALEΓ in ex. Γ in left field

Alexandria 72 var (headwear)
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2605.JPG
01 Constantius II79 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching,
ALEΓ in ex. Γ in left field

Alexandria 72 var (headwear)
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3272.JPG
01 Constantius II67 views6,31 g. 22 mm.
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, bearded, Phrygian helmet, reaching
ALEB in ex. Γ in left field

Alexandria 72 var (headwear)
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3270.JPG
01 Constantius II33 viewsConstantius II AE3. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, bare-headed, reaching. ALE Delta in ex

Alexandria 80 var (headwear/hairstyle)
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3870.jpg
01 Constantius II33 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
TEMP-REPARATIO , soldier spearing fallen horseman, bare head, reaching (headwear/hairstyle not in RIC)
ALEA / M in left field
Alexandria 84
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3894.jpg
01 Constantius II42 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, Delta behind.
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, bare-headed, reaching,
ALEΓ in ex.
Alexandria 75 var (headwear)
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_3999.jpg
01 Constantius II77 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching,
ALEA in ex. Γ in left field

Alexandria 72 var (headwear)

From the E.E. Clain-Stefanelli collection.
8 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4417.jpg
01 Constantius II24 viewsConstantius II AE3. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, hair straight up, reaching, ALEA in ex. Alexandria 822 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_5447.jpg
01 Constantius II10 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, bearded,, reaching,
ALEΓ in ex. Γ in left field

Alexandria 72
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Dattari_Gallienus_NN_lot_438.jpg
010 Egypt. Alexandria. Gallienus Tetradrachm30 viewsEgypt, Alexandria. Dattari. Gallienus, 253-268 Tetradrachm circa 267-268 (year 15), billon 23mm., 9.51g.
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust r.
Rev. Eagle standing l., holding wreath in beak; behind, palm.
Geissen 2944. Dattari-Savio Pl. 273, 10547.
Ex:the Dattari collection.
1 commentsorfew
012_Claudius-I_(41-54_A_D_),_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Milne_0077,_Alexandria,_ME__A_I-NA_KAI___EBA_,_Messalina_standing_facing_Q-001_axis-0h_25mm_11,50ga-s.jpg
012p Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-075, D-123, Egypt, Alexandria, MEΣΣAΛI-NA KAIΣ ΣEBAΣ, Messalina standing facing,80 views012p Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-075, D-123, Egypt, Alexandria, MEΣΣAΛI-NA KAIΣ ΣEBAΣ, Messalina standing facing,
avers:- TI KΛAΥΔI KAIΣ ΣEBA ΓERMANI AΥTOK, laureate head of Claudius right, LΓ before
revers:- MEΣΣAΛI-NA KAIΣ ΣEBAΣ, Messalina standing facing, head left, leaning on draped column, holding figures of two children in extended right hand and cradling two grain ears in left arm.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 11,50g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Year (LΓ) 3 = 42-43 A.D., ref: Geissen-075, Dattari-123, Kapmann-Ganschow-12.22-p-5½, RPC-5131, Milne 77,
Q-001
quadrans
014_Nero_(54-68_AD)Billon-Tetradrachm,_G-160-61,_D-251-52,_Alexandria,_NEP_-K_AY-KAI_-_EB-_EP_AYTOKPA-L-I_Serapis_Q-001_axis-11h_23,5-25mm_11,53g-s.jpg
014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-160-161, D-251-252, Egypt, Alexandria, AY-TOKPA, Draped bust of Serapis right,67 views014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-160-161, D-251-252, Egypt, Alexandria, AY-TOKPA, Draped bust of Serapis right,
avers:- NERΩ-KΛAΥ-KAIΣ-ΣEB-ΓER, Radiate head of Nero right
revers:- AY-TOKPA, Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing calathus, date (LI) to right.
exe: -/LI//--, diameter: 23,5-25mm, weight: 11,53g, axis: 11h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Dated year (LI) 10 = 63-64 A.D., ref: Geissen-160-161, Dattari-251-252, Kapmann-Ganschow-14.77-p-59, RPC-5274,
Q-001
quadrans
014_Nero_(54-68_AD)Billon-Tetradrachm,_G-167,_D-271,_Alexandria,_NEP_-K_AY-KAI_-_EB-_EP_AYTOKPA-L-IA_Simpulum-right_Q-001_axis-1h_24mm_13,86g-s.jpg
014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-167, D-271, Egypt, Alexandria, AY-TOKPA, Eagle standing left,91 views014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-167, D-271, Egypt, Alexandria, AY-TOKPA, Eagle standing left,
avers:- NERΩ-KΛAΥ-KAIΣ-ΣEB-ΓER-AY, Radiate head of Nero right
revers:- AY-TOKPA, Eagle standing left, palm over far wing, date (L-IA) to left.
exe: L-IA/Simpulum//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 13,86g, axis: 1h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Dated year (L IA) 11 = 64-65 A.D., ref: Geissen-167, Dattari-271, Kapmann-Ganschow-14.83-p-59, RPC-5284,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
014_Nero_(54-68_A_D_),_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Milne_0223,_Alexandria,__O__AIA__EBA_TH,_draped_bust_of_Poppaea_right,_Q-001_axis-0h_23,5mm_12,89ga-s.jpg
014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-168-169, D-197-198, Egypt, Alexandria, ΠOΠΠAIA ΣEBAΣTH, draped bust of Poppaea right,102 views014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-168-169, D-197-198, Egypt, Alexandria, ΠOΠΠAIA ΣEBAΣTH, draped bust of Poppaea right,
avers:- NERΩ ΛKAΥ KAIΣ ΣEB ΓER AV, radiate head of Nero right
revers:- ΠOΠΠAIA ΣEBAΣTH, draped bust of Poppaea right, LIA to right.
exe: -/LIA//--, diameter: 23,5mm, weight: 12,89g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Dated year (LIA) 11 = 64-65 A.D., ref: Geissen-168-169, Dattari-197-198, Kapmann-Ganschow-14.85-p-59, RPC-5280-5282, Milne 223, Koln 168, BMCGr 124,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
DSC05289_DSC05294.JPG
02 - Antoninus Pius - Tetradrachm - Dikaiosyne 18 viewsEmperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) - silver/billon Tetradrachm.
Alexandria, Egypt.

obv: Laureate bust right.

rev: Dikaiosyne seated left holding scales of justice and cornucopiae.

Weight: 13.4 grams.
1 commentsrexesq
DSC05289_DSC05294-1.jpg
02 - Antoninus Pius - Tetradrachm - Dikaiosyne - rev 10 viewsEmperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) - silver/billon Tetradrachm.
Alexandria, Egypt.

obv: Laureate bust right.

rev: Dikaiosyne seated left holding scales of justice and cornucopiae.

Weight: 13.4 grams.
rexesq
DSC05286.JPG
02 - Antoninus Pius - Tetradrachm - Dikaiosyne - w/ US quarter10 viewsEmperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) - silver/billon Tetradrachm.
Alexandria, Egypt.

obv: Laureate bust right.

rev: Dikaiosyne seated left holding scales of justice and cornucopiae.

Weight: 13.4 grams.
*shown with US quarter for size.
rexesq
Copy_of_hadrian_3x_tet_den_den_obv_03.JPG
02 - Hadrian Denarii and Tetradrachm35 viewsTop: Hadrian Tetradrachm from Alexandria, Egypt. Eirene reverse.
Bottom Right: Hadrian Denarius, Roma. Rome Mint.
Bottom Left: Hadrian Denarius, Fortuna. Rome Mint.
rexesq
Copy_of_hadrian_3x_tet_den_den_obv_01.JPG
02 - Hadrian Denarii and Tetradrachm38 viewsTop: Hadrian Tetradrachm from Alexandria, Egypt. Eirene

To Right: Hadrian AR Denarius, Roma. Rome Mint.

To Left: Hadrian AR Denarius, Fortuna. Rome Mint.
rexesq
GI_020a_img.jpg
020 - Nero Billon Tetradrachm - Milne 22222 viewsObv:- NERW KLAY KAIS SEB GER, Radiate head of Nero right
Rev:– AYTO-KPA, Draped bust of Serapis right
Minted in Alexandria. LI in right field. Dated Year 10 (63/4 AD).
Reference:– Köln 160; Dattari 251; Milne 222; Emmett 133; RPC I 5274
2 commentsmaridvnvm
GI_020c_img.jpg
020 - Nero Billon Tetradrachm - Milne 23632 viewsBillon Tetradrachm
Obv:- NERW KLAY KAIS SEB GER, Radiate head of Nero right
Rev:– AYTO-KPA, Eagle standing left, palm under wing, simpulum in right field
Minted in Alexandria. L IA in left field. Dated Year 11 (64/5 AD).
Reference:– Dattari 271; Milne 236; Curtis 97; BMC Alexandria p 20, 166; RPC I 5284; Geissen 167; Kampmann-Ganschow 14.83
maridvnvm
KnidosARdrachm.jpg
020a, CARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm.61 viewsCARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm - 16mm (6.06 g). Obverse: forepart of roaring lion right; Reverse: archaic head of Aphrodite right, hair bound with taenia. Cahn 80 (V38/R53); SNG Helsinki 132 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 232 (same dies). Toned, near VF, good metal. Ex Barry P. Murphy.

While this coin falls within the time frame that numismatists call "Classical" Greek coinage, I have chosen to place it in both the "Archaic" (coin 020a) and "Classical" Greek sections of my collection. This specimen is one of those wonderful examples of transition--it incorporates many elements of the "Archaic" era, although it is struck during the "Classical" Greek period and anticipates characteristics of the later period.

As noted art historian Patricia Lawrence has pointed out, "[this specimen portrays] A noble-headed lion, a lovely Late Archaic Aphrodite, and [is made from]. . . beautiful metal." The Archaic Aphrodite is reminiscent of certain portraits of Arethusa found on tetradrachms produced in Syracuse in the first decade of the 5th century BC.

Knidos was a city of high antiquity and as a Hellenic city probably of Lacedaemonian colonization. Along with Halicarnassus (present day Bodrum, Turkey) and Kos, and the Rhodian cities of Lindos, Kamiros and Ialyssos it formed the Dorian Hexapolis, which held its confederate assemblies on the Triopian headland, and there celebrated games in honour of Apollo, Poseidon and the nymphs.

The city was at first governed by an oligarchic senate, composed of sixty members, and presided over by a magistrate; but, though it is proved by inscriptions that the old names continued to a very late period, the constitution underwent a popular transformation. The situation of the city was favourable for commerce, and the Knidians acquired considerable wealth, and were able to colonize the island of Lipara, and founded a city on Corcyra Nigra in the Adriatic. They ultimately submitted to Cyrus, and from the battle of Eurymedon to the latter part of the Peloponnesian War they were subject to Athens.

In their expansion into the region, the Romans easily obtained the allegiance of Knidians, and rewarded them for help given against Antiochus by leaving them the freedom of their city.

During the Byzantine period there must still have been a considerable population: for the ruins contain a large number of buildings belonging to the Byzantine style, and Christian sepulchres are common in the neighbourhood.

Eudoxus, the astronomer, Ctesias, the writer on Persian history, and Sostratus, the builder of the celebrated Pharos at Alexandria, are the most remarkable of the Knidians mentioned in history.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cnidus

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
020-Vespasian_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Alexandria,_AYTOK-KAIS-SEBA-OYESPASIANOY_LB_POMH-Roma-left_K-G-20_15_Q-001_0h_25mm_12,69g-s~0.jpg
020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-278, D-365, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, PΩMH, Roma standing left,73 views020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-278, D-365, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, PΩMH, Roma standing left,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, laureate head of Vespasianus right, LB before.
revers:- PΩMH, Roma standing left, holding spear and shield.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,69g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Year (LB) 2 = 69-70 A.D., ref: Geissen-278, Dattari-365, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.15-p-68, RPC-2413, Milne- ,
Q-001
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020-Vespasian_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Alexandria,_AYTOK-KAIS_SEBA-OYESPASIANOY,_L-Gamma_Isis-head-right_K-G-20_29_Q-001_axis-0h_23-25mm_12,14g-s~0.jpg
020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,77 views020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, laureate head of Vespasianus right.
revers:- LΓ, Isis bust right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Year (LΓ) 3 = 70-71 A.D., ref: Geissen-287, Dattari-379, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.29-p-69, RPC-2430, Milne- ,
Q-001
quadrans
020-Vespasian_AE-25,_Alexandria,_AYTOK-KAIS_SEBA-OYESPASIANOY,_LS-Y-6-73-74_Serapis-r__K-G-20_45,RPC-2441_Q-001_0h_23,8-25,3mm_8,15g-s~0.jpg
020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-300, D-401, Egypt, Alexandria, AE-25, LS, Serapis bust right,141 views020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-300, D-401, Egypt, Alexandria, AE-25, LS, Serapis bust right,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, Laureate head of Vespasianus right.
revers:- LS, Serapis bust right.
exe: -/-//LS, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Year (LS) 6 = 73-74 A.D., ref: Geissen-300, Dattari-401, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.45-p-70, RPC-2441, Milne- ,
Q-001
quadrans
027_Traianus_(98-117_A_D_)_Billon-Tetradr,_D-703_Alexandria,_AYT-TPAIAN-CEB-_EPM-_AKIK_LIB_Snake-l__Q-001_axis-1h_25mm_12,69g-s~0.jpg
027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-, D-703, Egypt, Alexandria, Agathodaemon serpent coiled with head left,85 views027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-, D-703, Egypt, Alexandria, Agathodaemon serpent coiled with head left,
avers:- AYT-TPAIAN-CEB-ΓEPM-ΔAKIK, Laureate head right.
revers:- No legend, Agathodaemon serpent coiled with head left, holding caduceus and grain ear within coils.
exe: -/-//L-I-B, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,69g, axis: 1h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: Dated year (LΙΒ) 12 = 1018-109 A.D., ref: Dattari-703, Kapmann-Ganschow-27.146-p-90,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
027_Traianus_(98-117_A_D_)_Billon-Tetradrachm,_G-160-61_D-251-52_Milne-560_Alexandria,__L-E_Eagle-r__Q-001_0h_23mm_12,93g-s.jpg
027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-160-161, D-251-252, Egypt, Alexandria, Eagle standing right,70 views027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-160-161, D-251-252, Egypt, Alexandria, Eagle standing right,
avers:- AYT-KAIΣ-NEP-TPAIAN-ΣEB-ΓEPM, Laureate head right.
revers:- No legend, Eagle standing right, wings closed, L-E across field.
exe: L/E//--, diameter: 23mm, weight: 12,93g, axis: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: Dated year (L-E) 5 = 101-102 A.D., ref: Geissen-450-451, Dattari-705, Kapmann-Ganschow-27.31-p-86, Milne-560,
Q-001
quadrans
trajan_radiate-bust_tet_13_05grams_bust-of-zeus_01.jpg
03 - Trajan Tetradrachm - Bust of Nilus - Radiate bust of Trajan46 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Trajan (98 - 117 AD)
Tetradrachm from the mint at Alexandria, Egypt.
Regnal Year: 20 = 116/117 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Radiate bust of Trajan facing right. Star to right, below chin.
rev: Bust of Nilus, wearing taenia, crowned with reeds and lotus, facing right, lotus bud and cornucopia by right shoulder. Date in fields.

Weight: 13.04 Grams
-------
2 commentsrexesq
032_Hadrianus_(117-138_A_D_),_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Milne-1034_,_Alexandria,_L-IE-Year-15_Q-001_0h_mm_gx-s~0.jpg
032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1034, D-1610, Egypt, Alexandria, L IE, Hadrian and Alexandria,61 views032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1034, D-1610, Egypt, Alexandria, L IE, Hadrian and Alexandria,
avers:- AΥT KAI TPAIA AΔPIA CEB, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L IE, Hadrian standing togate left with sceptre, greeted by Alexandria in elephant-skin headdress.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 130-131 A.D., Year (IE)15., ref: Geissen-1034, Dattari-1610, Kapmann-Ganschow-32.509-p-138, BMC 869,
Q-001
quadrans
032_Hadrianus_(117-138_A_D_),_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Milne-1433v_D-1851v_,_Alexandria,_L_IH_Year-18_Q-001_0h_mm_gx-s.jpg
032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1107-1108, D-1661-1662, Egypt, Alexandria, L I H, Osiris and Isis,62 views032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1107-1108, D-1661-1662, Egypt, Alexandria, L I H, Osiris and Isis,
avers:- AΥT KAIC TPAIAN AΔPIANOC CEB, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L I H, Canopic jars of Osiris and Isis within shrine, uraeus crown in pediment.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 133-134 A.D., Year (IH)18., ref: Geissen-1107-1108, Dattari-1661-1662, Kapmann-Ganschow-32.590-p-144, BMC -,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
032_Hadrianus_(117-138_A_D_),_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Milne_,_Alexandria,_L_IH_Year-18_G-1109_D-1671_Q-001_0h_mm_gx-s.jpg
032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1109-1110, D-1671-1672, Egypt, Alexandria, L I H, Demeter and Euthenia,61 views032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1109-1110, D-1671-1672, Egypt, Alexandria, L I H, Demeter and Euthenia,
avers:- AΥT KAIC TPAIAN AΔPIANOC CEB, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L I H, Demeter standing right, holding corn-ears and torch, facing Euthenia, standing left, holding corn-ears and sceptre.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 133-134 A.D., Year (IH)18., ref: Emmett 941.18, Milne 1408, Geissen-1109-1110, Dattari-1671-1672, Kapmann-Ganschow-32.579-p-143, BMC -,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
032_Hadrianus_(117-138_A_D_),_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Milne_1454,_Alexandria,_L_EN-NEAK_,_Bust_of_Nilus_right,_Q-001_0h_22-24mm_11,96gx-s.jpg
032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-1147-1148, D-1430-1431, Egypt, Alexandria, L EN-NEAKΔ, Bust of Nilus right,69 views032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-1147-1148, D-1430-1431, Egypt, Alexandria, L EN-NEAKΔ, Bust of Nilus right,
avers:- AΥT KAIC TPAIAN AΔPIANOC CEB, Laureate head left .
revers:- L EN-NEAKΔ, Bust of Nilus right, draped on left shoulder, cornucopiae behind right shoulder.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22-24mm, weight: 11,96g, axis: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 134-135 A.D., Year (IΘ)19., ref: Geissen-1147-1148, Dattari-1430-1431, Kapmann-Ganschow-32.619-p-146, Milne 1454, Köln 1148, BMC 646, Curtis 456-458,
Q-001
quadrans
035p_Antoninus_Pius_(138-161_A_D_),Egypt,_Alexandria,_AR-Tetradr,_L-IS,_Y-16,_G-1680,_D-2297,_KG-35_548,_152-3_AD_,Q-001,_0h,_21,5-22mm,_14,02g-s.jpg
035p Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, G-1680, D-2297, AR-Tetradrachm, L-IS/-//--, Nilus reclining left, #172 views035p Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, G-1680, D-2297, AR-Tetradrachm, L-IS/-//--, Nilus reclining left, #1
avers: ANTωNINO C CЄB ЄVCЄB, Laureate head right.
reverse: Nilus reclining left, holding reed and cornuopiae from which emerges small Genius; small Genius inscribes Nilometer before, crocodile below.
exergue: L-IS/-//--, diameter: 21,5-22,0mm, weight: 14,02g, axis: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: L-IS, Year=16, 152-152 A.D., ref: Geissen-1680, Dattari-2297, Kapmann-Ganschow-35.548-p186,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
GI_039a_img.jpg
039 - Trajan Billon tetradrachm - Milne 56613 viewsObv:- AVT KAIC NEP TRAIAN CEB ΓEPM, laureate head right
Rev:- eagle standing right, L - S across fields (year 6)
Minted in Alexandria 29 Aug 102 - 28 Aug 103 A.D.
Reference:- Milne 566, Dattari 707, SRCV II 3255 var (date)
maridvnvm
trajan_alexandria-egypt_tetradrachm_regnal-year-5_101-102AD_eagle_01.jpg
04 - Trajan Tetradrachm - 101/102 AD - Eagle38 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Trajan (98 - 117 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm from Alexandria, Egypt.
Regnal Year: 5 = (101 / 102 AD)

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head right.

rev: Eagle standing facing right; 'L E' (date) in either field.
3 commentsrexesq
hadrian_tet_eagle_12_1gr_year-5_00.JPG
05 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Eagle - Regnal Year: 525 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt.
Regnal Year: 5

obv: Laureate bust of Hadrian facing right. Crescent Moon to right, below and in front of chin.
rev: Eagle standing facing right. Date in fields to either side.

Size: 26 x 23.5 mm
Weight: 12.1 Grams
4 commentsrexesq
DSC06723_DSC06731_hadrian_tet.JPG
05 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Eagle - Regnal Year: 5 20 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt.
Regnal Year: 5

obv: Laureate bust of Hadrian facing right. Crescent Moon to right, below and in front of chin.
rev: Eagle standing facing right. Date in fields to either side.

Size: 26 x 23.5 mm
Weight: 12.1 Grams
rexesq
05-Constantine-Ale-12.jpg
05. Constantine: Alexandria.49 viewsAE 4, 337 - 341, Alexandria mint.
Obverse: DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG / Veiled bust of Constantine.
Reverse: Constantine riding to heaven in quadriga; Hand of God reaches down to him.
Mint mark: ALB
1.05 gm., 15 mm.
RIC #12 var.; LRBC #1454 var.; Sear #17490var.

That this coin is from the mint in Alexandria is beyond doubt. However the mint mark without SM does not seem to be listed in RIC or LRBC.
2 commentsCallimachus
1007381.JPG
050 Nero 56 viewsNero & Tiberius
Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria.
Year 13

Egypt, Alexandria. Nero. Year 13 (66/67 AD). Billon Tetradrachm (12.92 gm, 24mm). NERW KL[AV SEB GER AV], radiate bust left wearing aegis, LIG before / TIBERIO[S KAISAR], laureate head of Tiberius right. Köln 187ff.; Milne 256ff.; Curtis 175ff. RPC 5295, BMCGr 114, SGI 637, sear5


New photo
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
GI_055b_img.jpg
055 - Commodus BI Tetradrachm - Milne 256130 viewsBI Tetradrachm
Obv:– MA KO ANTW CEB EVCEB, Laureate head right
Rev:– Bust of Nilus right, with cornucopia over shoulder, K/L | D
Minted in Alexandria (Year 24) in A.D. 183/4
Reference:– Milne 2561
maridvnvm
GI_055c_img.jpg
055 - Commodus BI Tetradrachm - Milne 2682 9 viewsObv:– MA KO ANTW CEB EVCEB, Laureate head right
Rev:- Emperor to left holding patera and sceptre is crowned by Nike, LKTheta
Minted in Alexandria (Year 29) in A.D. 188/9
Reference:– Geissen 2239, Dattari 3856, BBMC 1 834, Curtis 822. Milne 2682

maridvnvm
RI_055h_img.jpg
055 - Commodus denarius - RIC II -. 25 viewsObv:– M COMM ANTO - N AVG PIVS BRIT, Laureate head right
Rev:- LIR AVG R M TR P - XVII COS VII P P, Libertas standing left folding pileus and sceptre
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 192
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.

3.44g. 17.52 mm. 0 degrees.
maridvnvm
RI_055i_img.jpg
055 - Commodus denarius - RIC II -.14 viewsObv:– M COMM ANTO - N AVG PIVS BRIT, Laureate head right
Rev:- LIR AVG R M TR P - XVII COS VII P P, Libertas standing left folding pileus and sceptre
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 192
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.

2.60g. 17.69 mm. 0 degrees.
maridvnvm
59c.jpg
059c Severus Alexandria. AR denarius13 viewsobv: IMP CM AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG laur. drp.bust r.
rev: ANNONA AVG Annonia std. l. holding corn ears and cornucopiae
at feet, l. modius
hill132
hadrian_3x_tet_den_den_obv_01.jpg
06 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 - Hadrian Denarii35 viewsTop: Hadrian Tetradrachm from Alexandria, Egypt. Eirene reverse. 12.65 grams.

Bottom Right: Hadrian AR Denarius, Roma reverse. Rome Mint. 3.22 grams.
Bottom Left: Hadrian AR Denarius, Fortuna reverse. Rome Mint.
(More photos and photos of reverses of both Denarii in my "Roman Imperial Denarii" Gallery)
1 commentsrexesq
Alexander_Severus_AE_24,_Alexandria,Troas__IM_S_ALEXANDER_AV_Laur,_bust_r__COL_AVG-TRO_Horse_grazing_right__SNG_Copenhagen_165v__222-235_AD_Q-001_7h_23-24mm_7,52g-s~0.jpg
062p Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), Troas, Alexandreia, AE-24, SNG Cop 165var., COL AVG TRO, Horse grazing right,103 views062p Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), Troas, Alexandreia, AE-24, SNG Cop 165var., COL AVG TRO, Horse grazing right,
avers:- IMP S ALEXANDER, Laureate head right.
revers:- COL AVG TRO, Horse grazing right,
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 23-24mm, weight:7,52g, axes: 7h,
mint: Troas, Alexandreia, date: 222-235 A.D., ref:SNG Cop 165var.,
Q-001
quadrans
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063 - Clodius Albinus Denarius - RIC - 91 viewsObv:- D CLOD SEPT ALBIN CAES, Bare head right
Rev: FECILITAS COS II, Felicitas standing half left, caduceus in right and scepter in left
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
RIC -. Same devices and legends as RIC 4 but with the disctinctive Alexadrian style.
Rare
maridvnvm
RI_064fl_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -49 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P IIII IMP II COS II, Mars standing right, resting on spear and shield
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -. RIN (Rivista Italiana di Nvmismatica Vol. XCVI (1994/1995)

2.72g. 17.78mm. 0o

Additional information from Curtis Clay:-
"Die match to example in British Museum, found at the site of a Roman villa in Kent, GB, in 1952. The same obv. die also occurs with the types MONETA AVG and LEG III IT AVG TR P COS.
Bickford-Smith recorded three other specimens, of which I also have plaster casts: his own coll. (probably now in BM), Klosterneuburg, and U.S. private collection. On these the rev. legend apparently ends COS rather than COS II.
This type was clearly struck in 194, when Septimius was TR P II and IMP III or IIII, so TR P IIII IMP II in the rev. legend is an error, the origin of which is obvious: the type is a rote copy of the identical type and legend on denarii of Lucius Verus of 164, Cohen 228-9. The titles apply to Lucius in 164, not Septimius in 194!"
maridvnvm
RI_064is_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -54 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P IIII IMP II COS, Mars standing right, resting on spear and shield
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -. cf. RIN (Rivista Italiana di Nvmismatica Vol. XCVI (1994/1995)

Old image.
4 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064iq_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -33 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L S-EP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– L-EG III [IT A]V-I, TR P COS in exergue, Legionary eagle between two standards
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE -. Cohen -. RIC -. RSC - (illustrated as 262 but mis-described?)

2.17g. 17.51mm. 0o.
maridvnvm
RI_064gt_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -32 viewsObv:–IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Fides standing right holding basket of fruit and corn ears
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -. (Not listed with Fides right)

2.72g. 17.10mm. 0o

Additional information from Curtis Clay “Not previously known for Septimius Severus but a reverse die match with a Julia Domna in Vienna”
maridvnvm
RI_064gu_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -23 viewsObv:–IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– COS II, Thunderbolt on altar
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -. (Unlisted reverse type)

2.42g. 17.77mm. 0o.
maridvnvm
RI_064is_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -38 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P IIII IMP II COS, Mars standing right, resting on spear and shield
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -. cf. RIN (Rivista Italiana di Nvmismatica Vol. XCVI (1994/1995)

2.59g. 18.71mm. 0o

Additional information courtesy of Curtis Clay:-

"Bickford-Smith recorded three other specimens, of which I also have plaster casts: his own coll. (probably now in BM), Klosterneuburg, and U.S. private collection. On these the rev. legend apparently ends COS rather than COS II.
This type was clearly struck in 194, when Septimius was TR P II and IMP III or IIII, so TR P IIII IMP II in the rev. legend is an error, the origin of which is obvious: the type is a rote copy of the identical type and legend on denarii of Lucius Verus of 164, Cohen 228-9. The titles apply to Lucius in 164, not Septimius in 194!"
maridvnvm
RI_064nm_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -30 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P IIII IMP II COS, Mars standing right, resting on spear and shield
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -. cf. RIN (Rivista Italiana di Nvmismatica Vol. XCVI (1994/1995)

Additional information courtesy of Curtis Clay:-

"Bickford-Smith recorded three other specimens, of which I also have plaster casts: his own coll. (probably now in BM), Klosterneuburg, and U.S. private collection. On these the rev. legend apparently ends COS rather than COS II.
This type was clearly struck in 194, when Septimius was TR P II and IMP III or IIII, so TR P IIII IMP II in the rev. legend is an error, the origin of which is obvious: the type is a rote copy of the identical type and legend on denarii of Lucius Verus of 164, Cohen 228-9. The titles apply to Lucius in 164, not Septimius in 194!"
maridvnvm
RI_064oo_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -26 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L S-EP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– LEG III IT AVG, TR P COS in exergue, Legionary eagle between two standards
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:-- Cohen -. RIC -. BMCRE -.
maridvnvm
RI_064qd_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -19 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– VICT AV-G T-R P COS, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -. One example known to Bickford-Smith citing Tbilisi A 780, cn the rev. only […]G TR P COS surviving

A rare type copying the issue of Rome.
maridvnvm
RI_064qy_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -18 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P IIII IMP II COS, Mars standing right, resting on spear and shield
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -. cf. RIN (Rivista Italiana di Nvmismatica Vol. XCVI (1994/1995)
maridvnvm
RI_064tw_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -22 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L S-EP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– LEG III IT AVG, TR P COS in exergue, Legionary eagle between two standards
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:-- Cohen -. RIC -. BMCRE -.
4 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064dy img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34423 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– AEQVITAS II, Aequitas standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 344 (Rare), BMCRE 319, RSC 18

[SOLD]
maridvnvm
RI_064gw_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34424 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– AEQVITAS II, Aequitas standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 344 (Rare), BMCRE 319, RSC 18

3.12g. 17.70mm. 0o

I have other examples. This one is off-centre and not all the legends or devices are visible. I can forgive all these because I love this Alexandrian portrait.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064gj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34413 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– AEQVITAS II, Aequitas standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 344 (Rare), BMCRE 319, RSC 18

1.93g. 18.41mm. 180o
maridvnvm
RI_064mv_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34415 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– AEQVITAS II, Aequitas standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 344 (Rare), BMCRE 319, RSC 18
maridvnvm
RI_064ke_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34416 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– AEQVITAS II, Aequitas standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 344 (Rare), BMCRE 319, RSC 18

3.28g. 17.23mm. 0o.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064pg_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34412 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– AEQVITAS II, Aequitas standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 344 (Rare), BMCRE 319, RSC 18
maridvnvm
RI_064fr_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34517 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– APOLLINI AVGVSTO, Apollo standing left, patera in right hand, lyre in left
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– RIC 345

2.84g. 18.85mm. 180o
maridvnvm
RI_064mk_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34521 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– APOLLINI AVGVSTO, Apollo standing left, patera in right hand, lyre in left
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:– RIC 345 (Rated R).
maridvnvm
RI_064of_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34513 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– APOLLINI AVGVSTO, Apollo standing left, patera in right hand, lyre in left
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– RIC 345
maridvnvm
RI_064pf_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34515 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– APOLLINI AVGVSTO, Apollo standing left, patera in right hand, lyre in left
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– RIC 345
maridvnvm
RI_064ip_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34617 viewsObv:– [IMP C]AE L SEP [SEV PERT AVG], Laureate head right
Rev:– ARAB A-DIA-B COS II P P, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, trophy on left shoulder
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 195
References:– RIC IV 346; BMCRE 326; RSC 47a

2.68g, 18.19mm, 0o
maridvnvm
RI_064jr_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34614 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– ARAB ADIAB COS II P P, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, trophy on left shoulder
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 195
References:– RIC IV 346; BMCRE 326; RSC 47a

2.11g. 17.97mm. 0o

Heavily toned silver which has then developed a desert patina.
maridvnvm
RI 064ca img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34724 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Bonus Eventus standing left holding basket of fruit and corn ears
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 347, BMCRE 321, RSC 66

[SOLD]
maridvnvm
RI_064oi_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34717 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Fides (Bonus Eventus - RIC) standing left holding basket of fruit and corn ears
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 347, BMCRE 321, RSC 66
maridvnvm
RI_064hx_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34722 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Fides (Bonus Eventus - RIC) standing left holding basket of fruit and corn ears
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 347, BMCRE 321, RSC 66

2.86g. 17.66mm. 180o
maridvnvm
RI_064pw_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34718 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Fides (Bonus Eventus - RIC) standing left holding basket of fruit and corn ears
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 347, BMCRE 321, RSC 66
maridvnvm
RI_064sg_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34715 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Fides (Bonus Eventus - RIC) standing left holding basket of fruit and corn ears
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 347, BMCRE 321, RSC 66
maridvnvm
RI_064he_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34817 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– E-T I-A II, Pietas seated left holding palladium and sceptre
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– RIC 348 (R3). BMCRE pg. 83

2.67g. 16.97mm. 0o

A poor example but a very rare type.
maridvnvm
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064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 3497 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– FIDEI LEG TR P COS II, Fides standing left holding Victory and standard
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– RIC 349

2.56g. 17.08mm. 0o
maridvnvm
RI_064ko_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34936 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– FIDEI LEG TR P COS II, Fides standing left holding Victory and standard
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– RIC 349

2.25g. 18.71mm. 0o

Dark toning with lustre in the fields.
maridvnvm
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064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 349 note18 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– FIDEI LEG TR P COS II, Fides standing left holding Victory and standard
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:– RIC 349 note.
maridvnvm
RI 064cs img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 350A23 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE pg 83, RIC 350A (Rare), RSC 338a

[SOLD]
maridvnvm
RI_064hp_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 350B36 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– P M TR P II COS II, Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE -., RIC 350B (Rare - citing Vienna), RSC -.

3.08g. 17.59mm. 0o
maridvnvm
RI_064lm_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 350B33 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– P M TR P II COS II, Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC 350B (Rared Rare, citing Vienna).

1.68g. 18.23mm. 0o
maridvnvm
RI_064ni_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 350D51 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP - SEV PERT AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– P M TR P III COS II, Mars advancing right, holding spear in right hand, trophy over left shoulder
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 195
Reference:– BMCRE 328 (Same rev die?). RIC 350D (R – B M). RSC 397a.
ex - Barry Murphy collection (sold in 2003).

A rare dated type.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064ro_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 350E15 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– P M TR P III COS II P P, Minerva, standing left, holding spear and shield
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:– RIC IV 350E; RSC 391a. Bickford-Smith S. 56

1.93 gms. 180 degrees.
maridvnvm
RI_064qv_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 350G14 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP - SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– ROMAE AE-TERNAE, Roma seated left on shield, holding Victory in right hand, spear in left.
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:– RIC IV 350G; BMCRE 323; RSC 615
maridvnvm
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064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 350G19 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP - SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– ROMAE AE-TERNAE, Roma seated left on shield, holding Victory in right hand, spear in left.
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:– RIC IV 350G; BMCRE 323; RSC 615
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064ho_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus, denarius, Ancient imitation?18 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– AEQVIT AVG TR P COS II, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia

I will freely admit that I bought this coin hoping that it would be a scarce Laodicea type combined with a hybrid reverse of Pertinax. Having discussed the coin with Curtis Clay he is of the opinion that :-
"I think I would consider the coin to be an ancient imitation.
The style is not right for the IMP II series.
That exact rev. type of Pertinax is known on authentic Alexandrian denarii of SS, but there with the obv. legend is that of 193 (probably the coin BMC and RIC refer to as hybrid), and again the coin is in different style."

I am still happy with my purchase and it is still an interesting coin. Perhaps one day I will be able to find out some more about it.
maridvnvm
RI_064ho_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus, denarius, Ancient imitation? 8 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– AEQVIT AVG TR P COS II, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia

I will freely admit that I bought this coin hoping that it would be a scarce Laodicea type combined with a hybrid reverse of Pertinax. Having discussed the coin with Curtis Clay he is of the opinion that :-
"I think I would consider the coin to be an ancient imitation.
The style is not right for the IMP II series.
That exact rev. type of Pertinax is known on authentic Alexandrian denarii of SS, but there with the obv. legend is that of 193 (probably the coin BMC and RIC refer to as hybrid), and again the coin is in different style."

I am still happy with my purchase and it is still an interesting coin. Perhaps one day I will be able to find out some more about it.
maridvnvm
RI_065an_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - 607a23 viewsObv:– IVLIA DO-MNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– AEQVITAS II, Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia.
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE Page 86. RIC IV 607a. RSC 3a.

BMCRE, RIC and RSC all refer to the same coin in Vienna which is queried as being plated.

Curtis provided this additional information however:-
"Bickford-Smith, Mint of Alexandria, unpublished typescript (1993), p. 91: four specimens known to him, in Vienna, Berlin, Basel, and Tbilisi.

BMC and RIC refer to the Vienna specimen, which they are wrong to classify as a plated hybrid: it is a regular, solid-silver coin."
maridvnvm
RI_065bd_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC -26 viewsObv:– IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right
Rev:– VENVS FELIX, Venus standing left, holding apple in right hand, raising robe with left hand
Minted in Alexandria A.D. 197
Reference:– BMCRE -. Bickford-Smith pl. 1, 10. RIC IV -. cf RIC 580 (Rome).

The most common Alexandrian type from this issue for Domna.
maridvnvm
RI_065be_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC -30 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– VENVS FELIX, Venus standing left, holding apple in right hand, raising robe with left hand
Minted in Alexandria.
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC -, cf RIC 580 (Rome). RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI_065bl_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC -28 viewsObv:– IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right
Rev:– VENVS FELIX, Venus standing left, holding apple in right hand, raising robe with left hand
Minted in Alexandria.
Reference:– BMCRE -. Bickford-Smith pl. 1, 10. RIC IV -. cf RIC 580 (Rome).
maridvnvm
RI_065bn_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC -19 viewsObv:– IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right
Rev:– VENVS FELIX, Venus standing left, holding apple in right hand, raising robe with left hand
Minted in Alexandria A.D. 197
Reference:– BMCRE -. Bickford-Smith pl. 1, 10. RIC IV -. cf RIC 580 (Rome).

The most common Alexandrian type from this issue for Domna.
maridvnvm
RI_065bv_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC -19 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– VENVS FELIX, Venus standing left, holding apple in right hand, raising robe with left hand
Minted in Alexandria.
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC -, cf RIC 580 (Rome). RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI_065bw_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC -17 viewsObv:– IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right
Rev:– VENVS FELIX, Venus standing left, holding apple in right hand, raising robe with left hand
Minted in Alexandria.
Reference:– BMCRE -. Bickford-Smith pl. 1, 10. RIC IV -. cf RIC 580 (Rome).
maridvnvm
RI_065an_img~0.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 607a14 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– AEQVITAS II, Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE Page 86. Queried. RIC IV 607a (This mint?) Rated R2. RSC 3a (Plated hybrid??)
maridvnvm
RI_065bm_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 60828 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Bonus Eventus standing left, holding basket of fruit and corn-ears
Minted in Alexandria
Reference:– RIC IV 608. RSC 10
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 065al img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 61020 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– BMCRE 329. RIC IV 610. RSC 144
maridvnvm
RI_065aj_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 61022 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– PIE-TAS, Pietas seated left, on high backed throne, holding palladium
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– BMCRE 330. RIC IV 612. RSC 146c
Martin Griffiths
RI_065al_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 61019 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales and cornucopia
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 193-196
Reference:– BMCRE 329. RIC IV 610 (Rated R2). RSC 144
maridvnvm
RI_065bk_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 61019 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales and cornucopia
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 193-196
Reference(s) – BMCRE 329 (Lincoln 1927, appears to be a die pair match). RIC IV 610 (Rated R2, citing Cohen). Cohen 143.

A dark blue-black tone. Finder's spade mark on obverse.
maridvnvm
RI_065bs_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 61018 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– PIE-TAS, Pietas seated left, on high backed throne, holding palladium
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– BMCRE 330. RIC IV 612. RSC 146c
maridvnvm
RI_065bx_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 61016 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– PIE-TAS, Pietas seated left, on high backed throne, holding palladium
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– BMCRE 330. RIC IV 612. RSC 146c
maridvnvm
RI_065as_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC unlisted56 viewsObv:– IVLA (sic) DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– VENERI VICTI (sic), Venus, nude with drapery falling below hips, standing with back turned, head right, resting left arm on low column, holding an apple in extended right hand and palm, sloping upward to left in left hand: coil of drapery falls over column
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
RIC -, RSC -, BMCRE -.

2.25g. 17.65mm. 0o
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 065x img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC unlisted mule48 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG COS II, Roma, seated left on shield, holding Victory and spear
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– RIC - (Unlisted Hybrid with reverse from Sept. Sev. 350I (which is R2))

This is possibly the third recorded specimen.
maridvnvm
RI_065bg_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC unlisted mule52 viewsObv:– IVLA (sic) DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG COS II, Roma, seated left on shield, holding Victory and spear
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– RIC - (Unlisted Hybrid with reverse from Sept. Sev. 350I (which is R2))

A rare coin type.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_obv_14.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/730 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_01_02.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/732 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_obv_04_rev_02.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 30 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
3 commentsrexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_obv_14_rev_05.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 22 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
3 commentsrexesq
11340.jpg
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 - obv 0224 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_obv_07.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 - obv 0312 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_obv_09.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 - obv 04 17 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_rev_05.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 - rev15 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
GI_071i_img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus Billon Tetradrachm - Milne 276819 viewsObv:- A KAICAP MA AVP ANTWNINOC EV CEB, laureate head right
Rev:- Helmeted bust of Athena right; L-G to either side.
Minted in Alexandria, Year 3, (219/220 A.D.).
References:- Milne 2768. Emmett 2914 (Year 3) rated R3.
maridvnvm
074_Philippus_I__(244-249_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-2696,_D-4933,_Alexandria,_Cuirassed_bust_r_,_Eagle,_L-A_(RY-1),_243-4_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_22,0-23,0mm,_12,84g-s.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, G-2696, D-4933, BI-Tetradrachm, L/A//--, Eagle standing left, #162 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, G-2696, D-4933, BI-Tetradrachm, L/A//--, Eagle standing left, #1
avers: A K M IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC EYCEB, Laureate, and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle standing left, head turned right, holding wreath in beak. Date L-A across fields.
exergue: L/A//--, diameter: 22,0-23,0 mm, weight: 12,84 g, axis: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: Dated Year (L-A=1), 243-244 A.D., ref: Geissen-2696, Dattari-4933, Kapmann-Ganschow-74.01-p294, Milne 3521, Emmett 3480.
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
074_Philippus_I__(244-249_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-2715,_D-4935,_Alexandria,_Cuirassed_bust_r_,_Eagle,_L-G_(RY-3),_245-6_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_22,0-23,0mm,_12,28ga-s~0.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, G-2715, D-4935, BI-Tetradrachm, L/Γ//--, Eagle standing left, #168 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, G-2715, D-4935, BI-Tetradrachm, L/Γ//--, Eagle standing left, #1
avers: A K M IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC EYCEB, Laureate, and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle standing left, head turned right, holding wreath in beak. Date L-Γ across fields.
exergue: L/Γ//--, diameter: 22,0-23,0 mm, weight: 12,28 g, axis: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: Dated Year (L-Γ=3), 245-246 A.D., ref: Geissen-2715, Dattari-4935, Kapmann-Ganschow-73.34-p296, Milne 3631, Emmett 3480.
Q-001
quadrans
GI_077g_img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander, Billon Tetradrachm, Alexandria - Milne 301718 viewsBillon Tetradrachm
Obv:- A KAI MAP AY CEY ALEXANDPOC, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:- Dikaiosyne seated left on facing throne, holding scales and cornucopia.
Minted in Alexandria. Year 7 (LZ in upper left field). A.D. 227/228.
Reference:- Milne 3017. Emmett 3097 (7) R5 citing Milne. Geissen -. Dattari 4296.

Apparently quite a rare coin.
maridvnvm
07e-Constantine-Sis-200b.jpg
07e. Constantine as Filius Augustorum: Siscia follis.29 viewsFollis, 309 - 310, Siscia mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS FIL AVGG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: GENIO AVGVSTI / Genius standing, chlamys over left shoulder, pouring liquid from patera, and holding cornucopiae. Crescent in left field; A in right field.
Mint mark: SIS
6.14 gm., 24 mm.
RIC #200b; PBCC #786; Sear #15581.

The obverse legend shows Constantine as "Filius Augustorum" -- an empty title granted him after the conference at Carnuntum in November 308. Coins with this title were issued for a short time at 5 mints under the control of Galerius (Siscia, Thessalonica, Nicomedia, Antioch, Alexandria). This title was not recognized in the area under the control of Constantine himself, nor in Italy which was under the control of Maxentius.
Callimachus
DSC06878_DSC06880_hadrian_tet-alexandria.JPG
08 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Tyche13 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver/Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt.
Struck Regnal Year 11 = 126 / 127 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia ?

25 x 24mm
------------
Damaged flan.
---
-
rexesq
hadrian_alexandria-tet_00.JPG
08 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Tyche24 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver/Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt.
Struck Regnal Year 11 = 126 / 127 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia.

25 x 24mm
------------
Damaged flan.
---
-
3 commentsrexesq
othocomb.jpg
08. OTHO25 views69 AD
AR Billon Tetradrachm
O: LAUREATE HEAD OF OTHO, RIGHT
R: EIRENE, VEILED
ALEXANDRIA MINT
laney
852Hadrian_RIC844.jpg
0844 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Alexandria reclining41 viewsReference.
Strack 711; RIC II 844; C 161.

Obv HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bareheaded and draped bust r. wearing paludamentum

Rev. ALEXANDRIA below S C
Alexandria reclining l., holding ears of corn and vine branch; in front of her, ears of corn growing.
snake gliding from lap

11.44 gr
28 mm
6h

Note.
Ex NAC sale 78, 2014, 2249.
2 commentsokidoki
Hadrian_Tet_Sol_00.JPG
09 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Helios / Sol35 views
Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Struck 129 - 131 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed
rev: Radiate bust of Helios right, chlamys buckled over shoulder.
Regnal Year: Year 14 (129 - 131 AD) across fields.
1 commentsrexesq
Hadrian_Tet_Sol_02.jpg
09 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Helios / Sol16 views
Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Struck 129 - 131 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed
rev: Radiate bust of Helios right, chlamys buckled over shoulder.
Regnal Year: Year 14 (129 - 131 AD) across fields.
rexesq
09-Alex-Alexandria.jpg
09. Alexandria: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.111 viewsTetradrachm, ca 310 - 305 BC, Alexandria (Egypt) mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander with Horn of Ammon, wearing elephant skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Athena carrying shield and hurling spear. Also small eagle sitting on thunderbolt at right. Two monograms: one at left, one at right.
15.10 gm., 26 mm.
S. #7749; BMC 6.6, 46.

You may have noticed that I refer to the obverse portraits on the Alexander the Great coins as "Head of Alexander as Herakles." Much has been written about these portraits as to whether or not they really portray Alexander's likeness. There can be no doubt, however, that the portrait on this coin was intended to be that of Alexander. Ptolemy issued this coin in the name of Alexander while he was Satrap of Egypt. The elephant skin headdress was probably inspired by the lion's skin headdress on Alexander's own coins. It likely refers to Alexander's conquests in India where he defeated an Indian army with 200 elephants. Beneath the elephant skin headdress, right above his ear, Alexander wears the Horn of Zeus Ammon. The priests of Zeus Ammon recognized Alexander as divine when he visited Egypt in 331 BC.
4 commentsCallimachus
Gallienus_AE_21,_Alexandria,Troas__IMP_LICIN_GALLIENV,_Laur,_drap,_bust_r__COL_AVG-TRO__Eagle_flying_r__bucranium_in_talons_BMC_177;_SNG_Cop_207__Q-001_h_21mm_5,25g-s~0.jpg
090p Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), Troas, Alexandria, BMC 177, AE-21, COL AVG TRO, Eagle flying right, #1103 views090p Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), Troas, Alexandria, BMC 177, AE-21, COL AVG TRO, Eagle flying right, #1
avers: IMP LICIN GALLIENV, Laureate, draped bust right.
reverse: COL AVG TRO, Eagle flying right, bucranium in talons.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 21mm, weight:5,25g, axes: h,
mint: Troas, Alexandria, date: 264-265-A.D., ref: BMC 177, SNG Cop 207,
Q-001
quadrans
Troas__Alexandria,_090p_Gallienus_AE_21,_IMP_LICIN_GALLIENVS,_COL_AVG_TROAD,_Marsyas_st_r_,_Bellinger_A460,_SNG_München_139,_253-268_AD,_Q-001,_1h,_21-22mm,_5,8g-s.jpg
090p Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), Troas, Alexandria, BMC 182, AE-21, COL AVG TROAD, Statue of naked Marsyas standing right, #144 views090p Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), Troas, Alexandria, BMC 182, AE-21, COL AVG TROAD, Statue of naked Marsyas standing right, #1
avers: IMP LICIN GALLIENVS, Laureate, draped bust right.
reverse: COL AVG TROAD, Statue of naked Marsyas standing right, carrying wineskin over the shoulder, raising a right hand holding a cup.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 21,0-22,0mm, weight:5,80g, axes: 1h,
mint: Troas, Alexandria, date: 253-268 A.D., ref: Bellinger A460, BMC 182; SNG München 139,
Q-001
quadrans
091_Salonina_(__-_268_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-2969,_D-5331,_Alexandria,_L_IB_(RY_12),_267-68_AD_Q-001_0h_22,0-23,0mm_11,40g-s.jpg
091p Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-2969, D-5331, Egypt, Alexandria, -/IB/L//--, Eirene standing left, #1166 views091p Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-2969, D-5331, Egypt, Alexandria, -/IB/L//--, Eirene standing left, #1
avers:- KOPNHΛIA CAΛωNEINA CEB, Diademed and draped bust right.
revers:- Eirene standing left holding olive branch and sceptre, palm before, IB over L in right field..
exe: -/IB/L//--, diameter: 22,0-23,0 mm, weight:11,40 g, axis: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: IB/L (dated year 12), 264-265 A.D., ref: Geissen-2969, Dattari-5331, Kapmann-Ganschow-91.33-p-322,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
091_Salonina_(__-_268_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-2986,_D-5334,_Alexandria,_L_IE_(RY_15),_267-68_AD_Q-001_0h_22,0-23,5mm_10,85g-s.jpg
091p Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-2986, D-5334, Egypt, Alexandria, -/IЄ/L//--, Elpis walking left, #1153 views091p Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-2986, D-5334, Egypt, Alexandria, -/IЄ/L//--, Elpis walking left, #1
avers:- KOPNHΛIA CAΛωNEINA CEB, Diademed and draped bust right.
revers:- Elpis walking left, holding flower and raising hem of robe. Palm branch upright to left, IЄ over L in right field..
exe: -/IЄ/L//--, diameter: 22,0-23,5 mm, weight:10,85 g, axis: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: I/ЄL (dated year 15), 267-268 A.D., ref: Geissen-2986, Dattari-5334, Kapmann-Ganschow-91.53-p-324,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
092_Valerian-II__(256-258_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-2991,_D-5373,_Alexdr,Eagle-l_L-__Q-001_11h_20,5-21,5mm_10,44g-s.jpg
092p Valerian-II. (256-258 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-2991, D-5373, Eagle left, L-Δ, across the field,67 views092p Valerian-II. (256-258 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-2991, D-5373, Eagle left, L-Δ, across the field,
avers:- Π-ΛΙΚ-ΚΟΡ-ΟVΑΛΕΡΙΑΝΟC-KAIC-CEB, Bare head right.
revers:-,Eagle left, head right, his beak wreath, L-Δ, across the field (year 4 Valerianus-I.),
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 20,5-21,5 mm, weight: 10,44g, axes: 11 h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 256-257 A.D., L-Δ, across the field (year 4 Valerianus-I.), ref: Geissen-2991, Dattari-5373, Kapmann-Ganschow-92.2-p324,
Q-001
quadrans
trajan mines coin RIC709-RR.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AE quadrans - struck 104-110 AD72 viewsobv: IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG GER DAC (laureate head right)
rev: METALLI VLPIANI (Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia)
ref: RIC II 709 (R2), Cohen 182 (30frcs)
3.23gms, 17mm
Very rare

Under Trajan and Hadrian several series of bronze quadrantes were struck in the name of the imperial mines in Noricum, Dalmatia, Pannonia and Moesia (Dardania). These operations supplied metal for the mint at Rome, and perhaps were the sites of workshops to produce coinage for local circulation or as donatives. Others theorize that these pieces were struck at Rome itself, and served some unidentified function,much as the contemporary "nome" coinage struck at Alexandria in Egypt. The exact denomination is unclear. Most appear to be quadrans in the 14-17mm range but some larger examples could be considered semisses.
berserker
IMG_3120.JPG
1 Constans18 viewsConstans
23mm 6.08g
D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Constans standing left on prow of galley holding phoenix and labarum, Victory at helm, star in right field. Mintmark ALEΔ.
Alexandria
RIC VIII 53
Randygeki(h2)
104_Claudius-II__Gothicus_(268-270_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-,_D-5411,_Alexdr,Tyche_s_-l,LA_Q-001_0h_20-20,5mm_9,26g-s.jpg
104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-5411, LA//--, Tyche seated left, #166 views104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-5411, LA//--, Tyche seated left, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: LA above, Tyche reclining left on draped and garlanded couch, holding the rudder in right hand.
exergue: LA//--, diameter: 20-20,5mm, weight: 9,26g, axes: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 268-269 A.D., Year 1. LA., ref: Geissen-, Dattari-5411, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.14-p-328,
Q-001
quadrans
104_Claudius-II__Gothicus_(268-270_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3015,_D-5414,_Alexandria,_Eagle_standing_right,_LA_in_left(Y-1,268_AD)_Q-001_0h_21-22,5mm_8,54g-s.jpg
104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3015, D-5414, -/LA//--, Eagle standing right, #1135 views104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3015, D-5414, -/LA//--, Eagle standing right, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, draped bust right.
reverse: Eagle standing right, head left with wreath in its beak, LA in the left field.
exergue: -/LA//--, diameter: 21,0-22,5mm, weight: 8,54g, axes: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 268-269 A.D., Year 1. LA., ref: Geissen- 3015, Dattari-5414, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.01-p-327,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
104_Claudius-II__Gothicus_(268-270_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3015v,_D-5414v,_Alexandria,_Eagle_standing_right,_LA_in_left(Y-1,268_AD)_Q-001_11h_21,5mm_10,35g-s.jpg
104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3015v., D-5414v., -/LA//--, Eagle standing right, #1162 views104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3015v., D-5414v., -/LA//--, Eagle standing right, #1, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. (Bust variation!)
reverse: Eagle standing right, head left with wreath in its beak, LA in the left field.
exergue: -/LA//--, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 10,35g, axes: 11h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 268-269 A.D., Year 1. LA., ref: Geissen- 3015v., Dattari-5414v., Kapmann-Ganschow-104.01v.-p-327,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
104_Claudius-II__Gothicus_(268-270_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3027,_D-5415,_Alexandria,_Eagle_standing_right,L-B_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3027, D-5415, L/B//--, Eagle standing right, #166 views104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3027, D-5415, L/B//--, Eagle standing right, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle standing right, head left with wreath in its beak, L-B across the field,
exergue: L/B//--, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 11,21g, axes: 11 h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 269-270 A.D., Year 2. L-B., ref: Geissen- 3027, Dattari-5415, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.17-p-328,
Q-001
quadrans
104_Claudius-II__Gothicus_(268-270_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3028,_D-5417,_KG-104_16_Alexandria,_Eagle_standing_left,_L-B_,_269-270_(Y-2)-Q-001_0h_21-21,5mm_9,02g-s.jpg
104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3028, D-5417, L/B//--, Eagle standing left, #1114 views104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3028, D-5417, L/B//--, Eagle standing left, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle standing left, head right with wreath in its beak, L-B across the field,
exergue: L/B//--, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 9,02g, axes: 0 h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 269-270 A.D., Year 2. L-B., ref: Geissen- 3028, Dattari-5418, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.16-p-328, Milne 4248, Curtis 1683, BMC-Alexandria 2333,
Q-001
quadrans
104_Claudius-II__Gothicus_(268-270_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3037-3038,_D-5392-5393,_Alexandria,_Bust_of_Hermanubis_right,_LB_to_left_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3037-3038, D-5392-5393, LB/-//--, Bust of Hermanubis right, #165 views104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3037-3038, D-5392-5393, LB/-//--, Bust of Hermanubis right, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Bust of Hermanubis right, wearing modius, lotus blossom to right, LB to left.
exergue: LB/-//--, diameter: 21mm, weight: 9,5g, axes: 0 h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 269-270 A.D., Year 2. LB., ref: Geissen- 3037-3038, Dattari-5392-5393, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.25-p-329,
Q-001
quadrans
104_Claudius_II__Gothicus,_Alexandria,_Potin,_Tetradrachm,_Nike,_Milne_4235_,_year-2,_269_AD__Q-001,_h,_20mm,_10,76g-s.jpg
104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3041, D-5402, -/LB//--, Nike advancing right, #189 views104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3041, D-5402, -/LB//--, Nike advancing right, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Nike advancing right, holding wreath and palm, year LB in right field.
exergue: -/LB//--, diameter: 20,0mm, weight: 10,76g, axes: h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 269-270 A.D., Year 2. LB., ref: Milne 4235, Giessen-3041, Dattari-5402, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.29-p-329,
Q-001
quadrans
106_Aurelianus_(270-275_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3073,_D-5470,_Alexandria,_Eagle_left,_Delta-L-star,_(RY-4),272-73AD_Q-001_0h_22,0mm_9,20g-s.jpg
106p Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), G-3073, D-5470, Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, ΔL/*//--, Eagle standing left, #1108 views106p Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), G-3073, D-5470, Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, ΔL/*//--, Eagle standing left, #1
avers: A K Λ ΔOM AVPHΛIANOC CЄB, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle standing left, holding wreath in beak.
exergue: ΔL/*//--, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 9,20g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 272-273 A.D., Year 4., ref: Geissen-3073, Dattari-5470, Kapmann-Ganschow-106.23, p-331,
Q-001
quadrans
106_Aurelianus_(270-275_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3076,_D-5492,_Alexandria,_Eagle_left-on_wreath,_star_L-Delta,_(RY-4),272-73AD_Q-001_0h_21,0mm_9,73g-s.jpg
106p Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), G-3076, D-5492, Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, -/*/LΔ//--, Eagle standing right on the wreath, #196 views106p Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), G-3076, D-5492, Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, -/*/LΔ//--, Eagle standing right on the wreath, #1
avers: A K Λ ΔOM AVPHΛIANOC CЄB, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle standing right on the wreath, head turned left.
exergue: -/*/LΔ//--, diameter: 21,0mm, weight: 9,73g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 272-273 A.D., Year 4., ref: Geissen-3076, Dattari-5492, Kapmann-Ganschow-106.28, p-332,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
106_Aurelianus_(270-275_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3083-87,_D-5489-90,Alexandr,Eagle_l_,ETOYC-E,_Q-001_110h_20-21,5mm_9,65g-s.jpg
106p Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), G-3083-87, D-5489-90, Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, -/Є//--, ЄTOYC, Eagle left, #162 views106p Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), G-3083-87, D-5489-90, Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, -/Є//--, ЄTOYC, Eagle left, #1
avers: A K Λ ΔOM AVPHΛIANOC CЄB, Laureate cuirassed bust right.
reverse: ЄTOYC, eagle standing left, head right, with wreath in its beak.
exergue: -/Є//--, diameter: 20-21,5mm, weight: 9,65g, axes: 11h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 273-274 A.D., Year 5. Є, ref: Geissen-3083-87, Dattari-5489-90, Kapmann-Ganschow-106.40-p332,
Q-001
quadrans
106_Aurelianus_(270-275_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3096,_D-5477,_Alexandria,_Eagle_left,_ETOYC-S,_(RY-6),274-75AD_Q-001_h_21,0mm_8,50ga-s.jpg
106p Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), G-3096, D-5477, Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, -/S//--, ЄTOYC, Eagle left, #199 views106p Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), G-3096, D-5477, Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, -/S//--, ЄTOYC, Eagle left, #1
avers: A K Λ ΔOM AVPHΛIANOC CЄB, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: ЄTOYC, Eagle standing left, head right, with wreath in its beak.
exergue: -/S//--, diameter: 21,0mm, weight: 8,5g, axes: 11h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 274-275 A.D., Year 6. S, ref: Geissen-3096, Dattari-5477, Kapmann-Ganschow-106.54-p333,
Q-001
Ex Kreß 155 (1972), Lot 515.
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109_Aurelianus_(270-275_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3056,_D-,_Alexdr_Vaballathus-l_,L-_#916;_Q-001_0h_21,5mm_10,28g-s.jpg
106p Aurelianus/Vaballathus (270-275 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3056, D-, -/LA//--, L/Δ//--, Vaballathus bust left, #1109 views106p Aurelianus/Vaballathus (270-275 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3056, D-, -/LA//--, L/Δ//--, Vaballathus bust left, #1
avers: A K Λ ΔOM AVPHΛIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, LA in left down.
reverse: I A C OVABAΛΛAΘOC AΘHN V AVT C P, Laureate and diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Vaballathus right, L-Δ across the field.
exergue: -/LA//--, L/Δ//--, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 10,28g, axes:0 h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 270-271 A.D., LA/ LΔ Year 1 for Aurelianus, and Year 4 for Vaballathus, ref: Geissen-3056, Dattari-, Kapmann-Ganschow-106.67-p334,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
T-3203_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-PF-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVG_V_XXI_RIC-19v__T-3203_Antioch_iss-7_off-5_275-AD_Q-001_0h_23mm_4,61g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3203 (Estiot), RIC V-I 019var, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, V//XXI, Emperor and Empress, R!203 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3203 (Estiot), RIC V-I 019var, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, V//XXI, Emperor and Empress, R!
avers:- SEVERINA-PF-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG, Emperor togate (no laurel crown) standing right, clasping the hand of Empress standing left. (Emperor and Empress 1)
"A very interesting coin from the historical point of view as it belongs to the issues dating from Severina's interregnum after the assassination of Aurelian (september-november 275).
"As far as the organisation of coin production was concerned, we see that from the end of 274, certain officinae in some of the mints struck coins exclusively for Severina: this is the case with issues 2-4 at Lyon, issues 10-11 at Rome and issue 4 at Ticinum. After the death of Aurelian, the officinae are no longer shared between Aurelian and Severina: at Lyon, there is a 5th issue attested by coins in the name of Severina only, and the same applies to the 12th issue at Rome where the empress monopolizes the six active équipes, and the 5th issue at Ticinum, where all six officinae struck coins just for Severina. It is clear that the Empress as regent was exercising alone power and right to coin.
In fact the evidence shows that all eight mints that were active in the autumn of 275 across the Empire were producing issues in the name of Severina alone. The mint at Serdica struck coins for Severina with the legend Severina Augusta.The mint at Antioch exceptionally gave the Empress the titles P(ia) F(elix), normally reserved for emperors; on the reverse, the legend is changed from the plural form Concordia Augg (Augustorum) to the singular Concordia Aug, which may be expanded as Concordia Augustae. The type no longer shows the standard reverse, Aurelian shaking the hand of Concordia, but an anonymous male figure, now without laurel-wreath and sceptre, shaking the hand of Severina, who is easily recognizable by her characteristic hairdress and is shown in a larger size. At Alexandria, coins in the name of Severina continued to be struck as the mint received the news of Aurelian’s assassination, and stopped issuing his coins: the hoards from Karanis have 5 tetradrachms of the 7th year of Aurelian (that is after 29 August 275), but 25 of Severina."
(From the website Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage 268-276 AD : http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/info/hist5#severine)"
by S. Estiot. Thank you S. Estiot.
exerg: V//XXI, diameter: 23mm, weight: 4,61g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, iss-7, off-5, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-19var., T-3203 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
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107_Severina_(270-275_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3103,_D-5506,_Alexandria,_ETOVC_-_S_(RY_6),_K_G_107_1,_274-275AD,_Q-001,_0h,_19,5-21mm,_7,37g-s~0.jpg
107p Severina (270-275 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, G-3102, D-5504, Bi-Tetradrachm, -/S//--, ЄTOYC, Eagle standing right, #152 views107p Severina (270-275 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, G-3102, D-5504, Bi-Tetradrachm, -/S//--, ЄTOYC, Eagle standing right, #1
avers: OVΛΠ CЄVHPINA CЄB, Diademed and draped bust right.
reverse: ЄTOYC-S, Eagle standing right, palm across the shoulder, holding wreath in beak.
exergue: -/S//--, diameter: 20,0mm, weight: 8,46g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 274-275 A.D., Year 6. S, ref: Geissen-3102, Dattari-5504, Kapmann-Ganschow-107.2-p335,
Q-001
quadrans
107_Severina_(270-275_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3103,_D-5506,_Alexandria,_ETOVC_-_S_(RY_6),_K_G_107_1,_274-275AD,_Q-001,_0h,_19,5-21mm,_7,37g-s~1.jpg
107p Severina (270-275 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, G-3103, D-5506, Bi-Tetradrachm, -/S//--, ЄTOYC, Eagle standing left, #144 views107p Severina (270-275 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, G-3103, D-5506, Bi-Tetradrachm, -/S//--, ЄTOYC, Eagle standing left, #1
avers: OVΛΠ CЄVHPINA CЄB, Diademed and draped bust right.
reverse: ЄTOYC-S, Eagle standing left, head right, wreath in its beak.
exergue: -/S//--, diameter: 19,0-21,0mm, weight: 6,94, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 274-275 A.D., Year 6. S, ref: Geissen-3103, Dattari-5506, Kapmann-Ganschow-107.1-p335,
Q-001
quadrans
107_Severina_(270-275_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3108,_D-5502,_Alexandria,_ETOVC_-_Z_(RY_7),_275AD_Q-001_0h_20,0mm_8,46ga-s.jpg
107p Severina (270-275 A.D.), G-3108, D-5502, Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, -/Z//--, ЄTOYC, Elpis standing facing, head left, #1111 views107p Severina (270-275 A.D.), G-3108, D-5502, Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, -/Z//--, ЄTOYC, Elpis standing facing, head left, #1
avers: OVΛΠ CЄVHPINA CЄB, Diademed and draped bust right.
reverse: ЄTOYC, Elpis standing facing, head left, holding a flower and raising the hem of the skirt.
exergue: -/Z//--, diameter: 20,0mm, weight: 8,46g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 275 A.D., Year 7. Z, ref: Geissen-3108, Dattari-5502, Kapmann-Ganschow-107.2-p335,
Q-001
Ex Hirsch 105 (1977), Lot 3509.
quadrans
GI 108a img.jpg
108 - Salonina - tetradrachm - Milne 415120 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– KOPNHΛIA ΣALΩNEINA ΣEB, Draped bust right wearing stephane
Rev:– None, Eagle standing to the left, wings open, wreath in beak, palm to the right
Minted in Alexandria LIΔ | _. A.D. ???
Reference(s) – Curtis 1640, BMC 2278, Milne 4151.
maridvnvm
109_Aurelianus_(270-275_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3056,_D-,_Alexdr_Vaballathus-l_,L-__Q-001_0h_21,5mm_10,28g-s.jpg
109p Vaballathus/Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3056, D-, -/LA//--, L/Δ//--, Vaballathus bust left, #168 views109p Vaballathus/Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3056, D-, -/LA//--, L/Δ//--, Vaballathus bust left, #1
avers: A K Λ ΔOM AVPHΛIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, LA in left down.
reverse: I A C OVABAΛΛAΘOC AΘHN V AVT C P, Laureate and diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Vaballathus right, L-Δ across the field.
exergue: -/LA//--, L/Δ//--, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 10,28g, axes:0 h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 270-271 A.D., LA/ LΔ Year 1 for Aurelianus, and Year 4 for Vaballathus, ref: Geissen-3056, Dattari-, Kapmann-Ganschow-106.67-p334,
Q-001
quadrans
112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3126,_D-5552,_Alexandria,_Eagle_left,_L-B,_across_the_field,_KG_112_5,_year_2_276-7AD,_Q-001,_11h,_18,5-20,3mm,_6,91g-s~0.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3126, D-5552, L/B//--, Eagle left, head right, #1 53 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3126, D-5552, L/B//--, Eagle left, head right, #1
avers: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CЄB, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle left, head right, his beak wreath, L-B, across the field.
exergue: L/B//--, diameter: 18,5-20,3mm, weight: 6,91g, axes: 11h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 276-277 A.D., L-B Year 2., ref: Geissen-3126, Dattari-5552, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.5,
Q-001
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112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_Emmet-3979,_G-3127,_D-5527,_Alexandria,_Dikaiosyne(Aequitas),_L-B_left_at_foot_(year_2)__Q-001_11h_19mm_8,47g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3127, D-5527, LB/-//--, Dikaiosyne/Aequitas standing left, #187 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3127, D-5527, LB/-//--, Dikaiosyne/Aequitas standing left, #1
avers: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CЄB, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Dikaiosyne/Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopiae, LB left at foot.
exergue: LB/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 8,51g, axes: 11h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 276-277 A.D., LB Year 2., ref: Geissen-3127, Dattari-5527, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.7-p338,
Q-001
quadrans
112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3128,_D-5533,_K-G_112_8,_Alexandria,_Elpis,_L-B_left__(year_2),_276-77_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_19,5mm,_7,11g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3128, D-5533, LB/-//--, Elpis advancing left, #168 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3128, D-5533, LB/-//--, Elpis advancing left, #1
avers: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CЄB, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Elpis advancing left, holding flower and lifting fold of dress, LB in the left field.
exergue: LB/-//--, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 7,11g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 276-277 A.D., LB Year 2., ref: Geissen-3128, Dattari-5533, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.8,
Q-001
quadrans
112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3134,_D-5545,_KG_112_15,_Alexandria,_Tyche_left,_L-Gamma,_Q-001,_0h,_18,5-19,0mm,_6,26g-s~0.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3134, D-5545, LΓ/-//--, Tyche/Fortuna standing left, #165 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3134, D-5545, LΓ/-//--, Tyche/Fortuna standing left, #1
avers: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CЄB, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Tyche/Fortuna standing left holding rudder and cornucopiae, L-Γ left at the top.
exergue: LΓ/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 8,51g, axes: 11h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 277-278 A.D., LB Year 3., ref: Geissen-3134, Dattari-5545, Milne 4560, Curtis 1890, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.15-p338,
Q-001
quadrans
112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3134,_D-5545,_KG_112_15,_Alexandria,_Tyche_left,_L-Gamma,_Q-002,_0h,_18,0mm,_7,14g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3134, D-5545, LΓ/-//--, Tyche/Fortuna standing left, #275 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3134, D-5545, LΓ/-//--, Tyche/Fortuna standing left, #2
avers: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CЄB, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Tyche/Fortuna standing left holding rudder and cornucopiae, LΓ left at the top.
exergue: LΓ/-//--, diameter: 18,0mm, weight: 7,141g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 277-278 A.D., LB Year 3., ref: Geissen-3134, Dattari-5545, Milne 4560, Curtis 1890, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.15-p338,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3136-3137,_D-5561,_Alexandria,_Eagle_left,_L-Delta,_across_the_field,_Q-001_11h_19,0mm_8,03ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3136-3137, D-5561, L/Δ//--, Eagle left, head right, #1100 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3136-3137, D-5561, L/Δ//--, Eagle left, head right, #1
avers: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CЄB, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle left, head right, his beak wreath, L-Δ, across the field.
exergue: L/Δ//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 8,03g, axes: 11h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 278-279 A.D., L-Δ Year 4., ref: Emmet-, Milne-, Geissen-3136-3137, Dattari-5561, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.16-p338,
Q-001
Ex Kreß, Auction 171 (1978), Lot 1117.
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112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-,_D-,_Emett-3986_Alexandria,_Eirene-(Pax),_L-Delta_left_at_foot_(year4_)__Q-001_axis-0h_17-18,5mm_6,06g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3139, D-5530, LΔ/-//--, Eirene/Pax standing left, #170 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3139, D-5530, LΔ/-//--, Eirene/Pax standing left, #1
avers: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CЄB, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eirene/Pax standing left holding olive branch and sceptre, L-Δ left at foot.
exergue: LΔ/-//--, diameter: 17-18,5mm, weight: 6,06g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 278-279 A.D., LΔ Year 4., ref: Emmet-3986, Milne 4551, Geissen-3139, Dattari-5530, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.19-p-339,
Q-001
quadrans
112_Probus_276-282_AD),_Bi-Tetrdr_,_Emmet-,G-3145,D-5553,_KG-112_22,_Alexandria,_Eagle_r_,L-E,_Y-5,279-80,Q-001_11h_18,5-20mm_7,21-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3145, D-5553, L/Є//--, Eagle left, head right, #1 92 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, Emmet-3984, L/Є//--, Eagle left, head right, #1
avers: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CЄB, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle left, head right, his beak wreath, L-Є, across the field.
exergue: L/Є//--, diameter: 18,5-20,0mm, weight: 7,21g, axes: 11h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 279-280 A.D., L-Є Year 5., ref: Emmet-3984, Milne-4610, Geissen-3145, Dattari-5553, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.22-p339,
Q-001
quadrans
112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3147,_D-5534,_KG-112_27,_Alexandria,_Homonoia_left,_LE,_Y-5,_Milne_4598,_279-80_AD,_Q-001,_11h,_18,0-19,8mm,_6,89g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3147, D-5534, LЄ/-//--, Homonoia standing left, #171 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3147, D-5534, LЄ/-//--, Homonoia standing left, #1
avers: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CЄB, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Homonoia standing left, right arm raised; cornucopiae in left hand, LЄ left at foot.
exergue: LЄ/-//--, diameter: 18,0-19,8mm, weight: 6,89g, axes: 11h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 279-280 A.D., LЄ Year 5., ref: Geissen-3147, Dattari-5534, Milne-4598, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.27,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3148,_D-5540,_K-G_112_28,_Alexandria,_Nike,_E-L_right__(year_5),_279-80_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_17,3-18,0mm,_7,15g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3148, D-5540, -/LЄ//--, Nike flying right, #156 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3148, D-5540, -/LЄ//--, Nike flying right, #1
avers: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CЄB, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Nike, in long chiton, flying right carrying palm and wreath, LЄ in the right field.
exergue: -/LЄ//--, size: 17,3-18,0mm, weight: 7,15g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 279-280 A.D., LЄ Year 5., ref: Geissen-3148, Dattari-5540, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.28,
Q-001
quadrans
112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3149,_D-5557,_KG-112_31,_Alexandria,_Eagle_left,_L-S,_Y-6,_Milne_4632,_280-1AD,_Q-001,_0h,_17,0-18,5mm,_6,75g-s~0.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3149, D-5557, L/S//--, Eagle right, head right, #1 74 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3149, D-5557, L/S//--, Eagle right, head right, #1
avers: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CЄB, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle right, head right, his beak wreath, L-S, across the field.
exergue: L/S//--, diameter: 18-22mm, weight: 8,69g, axes: 11h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 280-281 A.D., L-S Year 6., ref: Emmet-3982, Milne-4682, Geissen-3149, Dattari-5557, Curtis , Kapmann-Ganschow-112.31-p339,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
112_Probus_276-282_AD),_Bi-Tetrdr_,_Emmet-,G-3154,D-5558,_KG-112_37,_Alexandria,_Eagle_r_,L-Z,_Y-7,281-2,Q-001_0h_18-22mm_8,69g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3154, D-5558, L/Z//--, Eagle right, head right, #1 102 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3154, D-5558, L/Z//--, Eagle right, head right, #1
avers: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CЄB, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle right, head right, his beak wreath, L-Z, across the field.
exergue: L/Z//--, diameter: 18-22mm, weight: 8,69g, axes: 11h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 281-282 A.D., L-Z Year 7., ref: Emmet-3154, Milne-4649, Geissen-3154, Dattari-5558, Curtis 1864, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.37-p340,
Q-001
quadrans
112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_Emmet-3984,_G-3155,_D-5555,_Alexandria,_Eagle_left,_L-Z,_across_the_field,_Q-001_0h_19mm_7,38g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3155, D-5555, L/Z//--, Eagle left, head right, #1108 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3155, D-5555, L/Z//--, Eagle left, head right, #1
avers: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CЄB, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle left, head right, his beak wreath, L-Z, across the field.
exergue: L/Z//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 7,38g, axes: 11h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 281-282 A.D., L-Z Year 7., ref: Geissen-3155, Dattari-5555, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.38-p340,
Q-001
quadrans
113- Constantine-21.JPG
113- Constantine The Great -21-S34 viewsAE Follis, 312-313 AD, Alexandria mint.
Obv: F VALER CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev: GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius holding the head of Serapis, N left A right, Palm at feet.
ALE in exergue.
20mm
RIC 161.
jdholds
113_Carus_(282-283_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3160,_D-5567-68,_Alexdr_,Eagle_left,L-A_Q-001_11h_19mm_8,55g-s.jpg
113p Carus (282-283 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3187, D-5604-05, Alexandria, Eagle left, beetween two standard, L A above,77 views113p Carus (282-283 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3187, D-5604-05, Alexandria, Eagle left, beetween two standard, L A above,
avers:-, A-K-M-A-KAROC-CEB, Laureated, draped and curiassed bust right.
revers:- Eagle left, beetween two standard, head right, his beak wreath, L A above (year 1).
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight:8,55 g, axes:11 h,
mint: Alexandria, date: L A year-1, 282-283 A.D., ref: Geissen-3160, Dattari-5567-68, Emmett 3997, Kapmann-Ganschow-113.2-p-340,
Q-001
quadrans
rjb_2009_12_06.jpg
11710 viewsHadrian 117-38 AD
AR denarius
Obv "HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP"
Bare bust right
Rev "ALEXANDRIA"
Alexandria standing left
Rome mint
RIC 300a
mauseus
Diocletianus_AE-26_IMP-C-DIO(C)LETIANVS-PF-AVG_GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI_XX-A-over-I_ALE_Alexandria_RIC-VI-32a_p-665_301-AD_NF-001_axis-0h_25-27mm_9,78g-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC VI 032a, AE-Follis, XX|A/I//ALE, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1354 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC VI 032a, AE-Follis, XX|A/I//ALE, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- IMP C DIO(C)LETIANVS P F AVG Laureate head right. Legend error !!!,
revers:- GENIO POP VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo: XX|A/I//ALE, diameter: 25-27mm, weight: 9,78g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 301 A.D., ref: RIC VI 32a, p-665,
Q-001
quadrans
IBbyz.jpg
12 Nummi, Alexandria Mint26 views12 Nummi, Alexandria MintScotvs Capitis
Heraclius_6_Nummi.jpg
12. Heraclius, AE 6 Nummi, Alexandria.7 viewsHeraclius, AE 6 Nummi, Alexandria.

O: dd M hERACLS around cross potent on one or two steps, sometimes with globes on ends of arms

R: Large S.

SB 862, DOC 198
Sosius
Maximianus_AE-Ant_Q-005_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VI 046b, AE-Ant., B//ALE, CONCORDIA MILITVVM, Emperor and Jupiter,88 views120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VI 046b, AE-Ant., B//ALE, CONCORDIA MILITVVM, Emperor, and Jupiter,
avers: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: CONCORDIA MI LITVM, Prince standing right on left, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter to right, holding scepter.
exergue: B//ALE, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,20g, axes: 6h,
mint: Alexandria, date: , ref: RIC VI 046b, ,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
120_Maximianus_Herculeus_(285-286_Caesar,_286-305,_307-308___310_A_D__Augustus),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-,_D-6008,_Alexdr,eagle_l,L-E,_Q-001_0h_17,5-18mm_7,91g-s.jpg
120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-, D-6008, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/E//--, Eagle left, #166 views120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-, D-6008, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/E//--, Eagle left, #1
avers:- A K M OVA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L - E (year 5), Eagle standing left, looking back, wreath in beak, star above left.
exerg: L/E//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 7,91g, axes: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 289-290 A.D., L-E, Year 5., ref: Geissen-, Dattari-6008, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.43-p-353,
Q-001
quadrans
120_Maximianus_Herculeus_(285-286_Caesar,_286-305,_307-308___310_A_D__Augustus),_Bi-Tetradr_G-3286,D-5875,Alexdr_Elpis_l_L-B,_Q-001_0h_18-20mm_8,17g-s.jpg
120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3286, D-5875, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/B//--, Elpis left, #181 views120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3286, D-5875, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/B//--, Elpis left, #1
avers:- A K M OVA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L-B, Elpis (Hope) advancing left, holding a flower and raising the hem of the skirt.
exerg: L/B//--, diameter: 18-20mm, weight: 8,17g, axes:0 h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 286-287 A.D.,L-B year 2., ref: Geissen-3286, Dattari-5875, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.17-p-352,
Q-001
quadrans
120_Maximianus_Herculeus_(285-286_Caesar,_286-305,_307-308___310_A_D__Augustus),_Bi-Tetradr_,_G-3298,D-6006-07,Alexdr_,eagle-l_,L-_,_Q-001_2h_18-19mm_7,95g-s.jpg
120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3298, D-6006-07, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/Δ//--, Eagle left, #165 views120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3298, D-6006-07, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/Δ//--, Eagle left, #1
avers:- A K M OVA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L - Δ (year 4), standing left, looking back, wreath in beak, star above left.
exerg: L/Δ//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 7,95g, axes: 2h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 288-289 A.D., L-Δ, Year 4., ref: Geissen-3298, Dattari-6006-07, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.31-p-352,
Q-001
quadrans
120_Maximianus_Herculeus_(285-286_Caesar,_286-305,_307-308___310_A_D__Augustus),_Bi-Tetradr_G-3307,D-5989-91,Alexdr_Tyche_l_L-E,_Q-001_0h_18mm_6,485g-s.jpg
120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3307, D-5989-91, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/E//--, Tyche left, #163 views120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3307, D-5989-91, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/E//--, Tyche left, #1
avers:- A K M OVA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L-E across the field, Tyche standing left holding rudder and cornucopia, star to left.
exerg: L/E//--, diameter: 18mm, weight:6,48 g, axes: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 289-290 A.D., Year 5 L-E., ref: Geissen-3307, Dattari-5989-91, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.46-p-353,
Q-001
quadrans
120_Maximianus_Herculeus_(285-286_Caesar,_286-305,_307-308___310_A_D__Augustus),_Bi-Tetradr_G-3324,D-5967,5969,Alexdr_-Nike,L-Z,_Q-001_11h_19,5mm_8,70g-s.jpg
120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3324, D-5967,5969, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/Z//--, Nike advancing right, #166 views120p Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3324, D-5967,5969, Bi-Tetradrachm, L/Z//--, Nike advancing right, #1
avers:- MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate head right.
revers:- Nike advancing right holding wreath and palm branch, L-Z across the field.
exe: L/Z//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 9,07g, axis: 5h,
mint:Alexandria, date:290-291 A.D., L-Z Year 7., ref: Geissen-3324, Dattari-5967, 5969, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.64-p-354,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Quarter-Follis_FL-VAL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-CAES_4a-A_GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI_XX_B_I_ALE_RIC-VI-33a_p-665_Alexandria_301-AD_C2_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VI 033a, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #167 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VI 033a, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO POPV LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo:XX/B/I// ALE, diameter: 25,5-28,2mm, weight: 9,11g, axis: 11h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 301 A.D., ref: RIC VI 033a, p-665, C2,
Q-001
quadrans
121_Constantius-I__Chlorus_(293-305_A_D__Caesar,_305-306_A_D__Augustus),_Bi-Tetradr_-G-3349,D-6050-6055,Alexdr_-Elpis-l_-L-B_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
121p Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3349, D-6050-6055, Bi-Tetradrachm, Elpis standing left, L-B across the field,62 views121p Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, G-3349, D-6050-6055, Bi-Tetradrachm, Elpis standing left, L-B across the field,
avers:- ΦΛ Α ΚωCTANTIOC K, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Elpis standing left holding flower and hem of skirt, Δ in exergo, L-B across the field.
exerg: L/B//Δ, diameter: 21mm, weight: 9,5g, axes: 0 h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 293-294 A.D., Year 2. L-B., ref: Geissen- 3349, Dattari-6050-6055, Kapmann-Ganschow-121.14-p-358,
Q-001
quadrans
GI_122e_img.jpg
122 - Claudius II Gothicus - Billon tetradrachm - Milne 422611 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– AVT K KLAUDIOC CEB, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Helmeted and cuirassed Ares (Mars) standing left, rests on spear and holds sword in sheath with chlamys
Minted in Alexandria (L | B). A.D. 268/269
Reference(s) – Milne 4226. Emmett 3871(2). Curtis 1661. BMC 2311. SNG Cop 839, Kampmann 104.20;
maridvnvm
GI 122b img.jpg
122 - Claudius II Gothicus, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Eagle, Milne 429118 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Eagle standing right, wreath in beak, palm behind
Minted in Alexandria, L in left field, Г in right field (year 3). A.D. 269/270
Reference:– Curtis 1687, BMC 2336, Milne 4291
maridvnvm
GI 122a img.jpg
122 - Claudius II Gothicus, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Nike right30 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Nike advancing right, holding wreath & palm, year
Minted in Alexandria, L in left field, B in right field (year 2). A.D. 268/269
Reference:– Curtis 1712, BMC 2321 Milne 4228
1 commentsmaridvnvm
GI_125c_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian, Billon Tetradrachm - Milne 445613 viewsObv:– A K L DOM AVPHLIANOC CEB, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev– ETOYC - S, Eagle standing left, head right, with wreath in its beak
Minted in Egypt, Alexandria Year 6 of Aurelian, 275-276 AD.
Reference:– Milne 4456. Curtis 1773
maridvnvm
GI 125b img.jpg
125 - Aurelian, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Eagle left, Milne 445616 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– A K L ΔOM AVPHΛIANOC CEB, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev– None, Eagle standing left, head right, with wreath in its beak
Minted in Alexandria, ETOYC in left field, S in right field (year 6). A.D. 275/276
Reference:– Milne 4456. Curtis 1773
maridvnvm
GI 125a img.jpg
125 - Aurelian, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Vabalathus, Milne 430827 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– AYT K Λ Δ AYRHΛIANOC CEB, Laureate and draped bust of Aurelian right
Rev– I A C OYABAΛΛAΘOC AΘHN Y A [C R or VT S RW], Laureate, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Vabalathus right
Minted in Alexandria, Alexandria Year 1 of Aurelian (L | A), Year 4 of Vabalathus and Zenobia (L | Δ), 270 AD
Reference:– Geissen 3054; Dattari 5422; BMC 2386; Milne 4308
maridvnvm
12m-Constantine-Ale-006.jpg
12m. Constantine: Alexandria follis.18 viewsFollis, 314 - 315, Alexandria mint.
Obverse: FL VALER CONSTANTINVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI / Jupiter standing, chlamys over left shoulder, holding Victory on globe, leaning on sceptre. Eagle at his feet. N in left field; A in right field.
Mint mark: ALE
5.35 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #6; PBCC #1203; Sear #15947.
Callimachus
GI 130a img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Alexandrian Tetradrachm - Milne 448946 viewsObv:– A K KL TAKITOS SEB, Laureate, draped bust right
Rev:– ETOVC, Dikaiosyne (Aequitas) standing left with scales & cornucopiae
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 275 – 276 (A – Year 1)
References:– Milne 4489
maridvnvm
Licin1AEFolJupiAlex.jpg
1308c, Licinius I, 308-324 A.D. (Alexandria)66 viewsLicinius I, 308-324 A.D. AE Follis, 3.60g, VF, 315 A.D., Alexandria. Obverse: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG - Laureate head right; Reverse: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG - Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on a globe and scepter; exergue: ALE / (wreath) over "B" over "N." Ref: RIC VII, 10 (B = r2) Rare, page 705 - Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, Scotland.


De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Licinius (308-324 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Licinius' Heritage

Valerius Licinianus Licinius, more commonly known as Licinius, may have been born ca. 265. Of peasant origin, his family was from Dacia. A close friend and comrade of arms of the Emperor Galerius, he accompanied him on his Persian expedition in 297. When campaigns by Severus and Galerius in late 306 or early 307 and in the summer of 307, respectively, failed to dislodge Maxentius who, with the luke warm support of his father Maximianus Herculius, was acclaimed princeps on 28 October 306, he was sent by the eastern emperor to Maxentius as an ambassador; the diplomatic mission, however, failed because the usurper refused to submit to the authority of his father-in-law Galerius. At the Conference of Carnuntum which was held in October or November of 308, Licinius was made an Augustus on 11 November 308; his realm included Thrace, Illyricum, and Pannonia.

Licinius' Early Reign

Although Licinius was initially appointed by Galerius to replace Severus to end the revolt of Maxentius , Licinius (perhaps wisely) made no effort to move against the usurper. In fact, his first attested victory was against the Sarmatians probably in the late spring, but no later than the end of June in 310. When the Emperor Galerius died in 311, Licinius met Maximinus Daia at the Bosporus during the early summer of that year; they concluded a treaty and divided Galerius' realm between them. It was little more than a year later that the Emperor Constantine defeated Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge on 28 October 312. After the defeat of the usurper, Constantine and Licinius met at Mediolanum (Milan) where Licinius married the former's sister Constantia; one child was born of this union: Valerius Licinianus Licinius. Licinius had another son, born of a slave woman, whose name is unknown. It appears that both emperors promulgated the so-called Edict of Milan, in which Constantine and Licinius granted Christians the freedom to practice their faith without any interference from the state.

As soon as he seems to have learned about the marital alliance between Licinius and Constantine and the death of Maxentius, who had been his ally, Daia traversed Asia Minor and, in April 313, he crossed the Bosporus and went to Byzantium, which he took from Licinius after an eleven day siege. On 30 April 313 the armies of both emperors clashed on the Campus Ergenus; in the ensuing battle Daia's forces were routed. A last ditch stand by Daia at the Cilician Gates failed; the eastern emperor subsequently died in the area of Tarsus probably in July or August 313. As soon as he arrived in Nicomedeia, Licinius promulgated the Edict of Milan. As soon as he had matters in Nicomedeia straightened out, Licinius campaigned against the Persians in the remaining part of 313 and the opening months of 314.

The First Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine

Once Licinius had defeated Maximinus Daia, the sole rulers of the Roman world were he and Constantine. It is obvious that the marriage of Licinius to Constantia was simply a union of convenience. In any case, there is evidence in the sources that both emperors were looking for an excuse to attack the other. The affair involving Bassianus (the husband of Constantius I's daughter Anastasia ), mentioned in the text of Anonymus Valesianus (5.14ff), may have sparked the falling out between the two emperors. In any case, Constantine' s forces joined battle with those of Licinius at Cibalae in Pannonia on 8 October 314. When the battle was over, Constantine prevailed; his victory, however, was Pyrrhic. Both emperors had been involved in exhausting military campaigns in the previous year and the months leading up to Cibalae and each of their realms had expanded so fast that their manpower reserves must have been stretched to the limit. Both men retreated to their own territory to lick their wounds. It may well be that the two emperors made an agreement, which has left no direct trace in the historical record, which would effectively restore the status quo.

Both emperors were variously engaged in different activities between 315 and 316. In addition to campaigning against the Germans while residing in Augusta Treverorum (Trier) in 315, Constantine dealt with aspects of the Donatist controversy; he also traveled to Rome where he celebrated his Decennalia. Licinius, possibly residing at Sirmium, was probably waging war against the Goths. Although not much else is known about Licinius' activities during this period, it is probable that he spent much of his time preparing for his impending war against Constantine; the latter,who spent the spring and summer of 316 in Augusta Treverorum, was probably doing much the same thing. In any case, by December 316, the western emperor was in Sardica with his army. Sometime between 1 December and 28 February 317, both emperors' armies joined battle on the Campus Ardiensis; as was the case in the previous engagement, Constantine' s forces were victorious. On 1 March 317, both sides agreed to a cessation of hostilities; possibly because of the intervention of his wife Constantia, Licinius was able to keep his throne, although he had to agree to the execution of his colleague Valens, who the eastern emperor had appointed as his colleague before the battle, as well as to cede some of his territory to his brother-in-law.

Licinius and the Christians

Although the historical record is not completely clear, Licinius seems to have campaigned against the Sarmatians in 318. He also appears to have been in Byzantium in the summer of 318 and later in June 323. Beyond these few facts, not much else is known about his residences until mid summer of 324. Although he and Constantine had issued the Edict of Milan in early 313, Licinius turned on the Christians in his realm seemingly in 320. The first law that Licinius issued prevented bishops from communicating with each other and from holding synods to discuss matters of interest to them. The second law prohibited men and women from attending services together and young girls from receiving instruction from their bishop or schools. When this law was issued, he also gave orders that Christians could hold services only outside of city walls. Additionally, he deprived officers in the army of their commissions if they did not sacrifice to the gods. Licinius may have been trying to incite Constantine to attack him. In any case, the growing tension between the two rulers is reflected in the consular Fasti of the period.

The Second Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine and Licinius' Death

War actually broke out in 321 when Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging some territory in his realm, across the Danube. When he checked a similar invasion of the Goths, who were devastating Thrace, Licinius complained that Constantine had broken the treaty between them. Having assembled a fleet and army at Thessalonica, Constantine advanced toward Adrianople. Licinius engaged the forces of his brother-in-law near the banks of the Hebrus River on 3 July 324 where he was routed; with as many men as he could gather, he headed for his fleet which was in the Hellespont. Those of his soldiers who were not killed or put to flight, surrendered to the enemy. Licinius fled to Byzantium, where he was besieged by Constantine. Licinius' fleet, under the command of the admiral Abantus, was overcome by bad weather and by Constantine' s fleet which was under the command of his son Crispus. Hard pressed in Byzantium, Licinius abandoned the city to his rival and fled to Chalcedon in Bithynia. Leaving Martinianus, his former magister officiorum and now his co-ruler, to impede Constantine' s progress, Licinius regrouped his forces and engaged his enemy at Chrysopolis where he was again routed on 18 September 324. He fled to Nicomedeia which Constantine began to besiege. On the next day Licinius abdicated and was sent to Thessalonica, where he was kept under house arrest. Both Licinius and his associate were put to death by Constantine. Martinianus may have been put to death before the end of 324, whereas Licinius was not put to death until the spring of 325. Rumors circulated that Licinius had been put to death because he attempted another rebellion against Constantine.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
Licinius-l_IMP-C-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-PF-AVG_IOVI-CONSER-VATORI-AVG-G_K_Wr-A-X_ALE_RIC-VII-14-p-705-(2-B1)_315-16-AD-Alexandria_R2_Q-001_6h_19-21mm_2,91g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC VII 014, K/Wreath/A/X//ALE, AE-2 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG G, Jupiter standing left, R2!!100 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC VII 014, K/Wreath/A/X//ALE, AE-2 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG G, Jupiter standing left, R2!!
avers:- IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG (2,B1), Laureate, bust right, .
revers:- IOVI CONSER VATORI AVG G, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; eagle with wreath to left, K in the left fied, wreath/A/X in the right field.
exergo: K/Wreath/A/X//ALE, diameter: 19-21mm, weight: 2,91g, axis: 6h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 315-316 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-14, p-705, R2 !!,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-II__AE-3-Sivered_DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C_6J1l__IOVI-CONSER-VATORI_CAES-S_crescent-B_S-MAL_RIC25p7072nd_off_R2_Alexandria_317-320-AD__Q-001_axis-0h_19mm_2,75g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC VII 025, crescent/B//SMAL, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R2!!86 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC VII 025, crescent/B//SMAL, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R2!!
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI CONS ERVATORI CAESS, crescent in right field, Jupiter standing left, holding globe and scepter, B in right side.
exergo: crescent/B//SMAL, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,75g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-25, p-707, 2nd.off., R2!!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
GI_135a_img.jpg
135 - Carus Billon Tetradrachm - Milne 4660-111 viewsObv:– A K MA KAPOC CEB, Laureate, draped bust right
Rev:– (No legend), Dikaiosyne (Aequitas) standing facing, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Alexandria (LA | _) A.D. 282/283 (Year 1)
Reference:– Emmett 3996; Milne 4660-1; Curtis 1897-1902; BMC 2441; K 1161

Weight 6.39g. 17.99mm.
maridvnvm
GI 137a img.jpg
137 - Carinus, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Eagle with standards, Milne 466722 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– A K M A KAPINOC K, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Fortuna/ Tyche crowned with modius, wearing long chiton and peplios, standing left resting right hand on rudder and holding cornucopiae in left hand.
Minted in Alexandria (LA in upper left field). A.D. 283
Reference:– Curtis 1927, BMC 2448, Milne 4667
maridvnvm
GI 137b img.jpg
137 - Carinus, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Eagle with standards, Milne 467915 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– A K M A KAPINOC K, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Eagle standing left between vexilla, wings open, head turned back, wreath in beak.
Minted in Alexandria (LA in upper field). A.D. 283
Reference:– Curtis 1913, BMC 2449, Milne 4679
maridvnvm
rjb_2009_08_19.jpg
13816 viewsAntoninus Pius 138-61 AD
AE drachm
Alexandria
Year 2
Rev: Two canopic jars
Dattari cf 2497
mauseus
rjb_2009_08_18.jpg
13825 viewsAntoninus Pius 138-61 AD
AE drachm
Alexandria
Year 17
Rev: Temple complex of Caesarea, mount Argaeus behind
Milne 2251
2 commentsmauseus
rjb_2009_08_20.jpg
13812 viewsAntoninus Pius 138-61 AD
AE drachm
Alexandria
Year 12
Rev: Athena standing left resting on shield
Milne -, Koln 1599, SNG Glasgow cf 4207
mauseus
rjb_2009_08_21.jpg
13814 viewsAntoninus Pius 138-61 AD
AE drachm
Alexandria
Year 12
Rev: Serapis seated left within a distyle temple
SNG Glasgow 4211, Koln 1620
mauseus
St.Helena.jpg
1401a, St. Helena, Augusta 8 November 324 - 328 to 330 A.D., mother of Constantine the Great96 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 148, VF, Alexandria mint, 3.243g, 19.4mm, 165o, 327 - 328 A.D. Obverse: FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and mantled bust right wearing double necklace; Reverse: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE, Securitas holding branch downward in right and lifting fold of robe in left, wreath left, I right, SMAL in exergue; rare.

The mother of Constantine the Great, born about the middle of the third century, possibly in Drepanum (later known as Helenopolis) on the Nicomedian Gulf; died about 330. She was of humble parentage; St. Ambrose, in his "Oratio de obitu Theodosii", referred to her as a stabularia, or inn-keeper. Nevertheless, she became the lawful wife of Constantius Chlorus. Her first and only son, Constantine, was born in Naissus in Upper Moesia, in the year 274. The statement made by English chroniclers of the Middle Ages, according to which Helena was supposed to have been the daughter of a British prince, is entirely without historical foundation. It may arise from the misinterpretation of a term used in the fourth chapter of the panegyric on Constantine's marriage with Fausta, that Constantine, oriendo (i. e., "by his beginnings," "from the outset") had honoured Britain, which was taken as an allusion to his birth, whereas the reference was really to the beginning of his reign.

On the death of Constantius Chlorus, in 308, Constantine, who succeeded him, summoned his mother to the imperial court, conferred on her the title of Augusta, ordered that all honour should be paid her as the mother of the sovereign, and had coins struck bearing her effigy. Her son's influence caused her to embrace Christianity after his victory over Maxentius. This is directly attested by Eusebius (Vita Constantini, III, xlvii): "She (his mother) became under his (Constantine's) influence such a devout servant of God, that one might believe her to have been from her very childhood a disciple of the Redeemer of mankind". It is also clear from the declaration of the contemporary historian of the Church that Helena, from the time of her conversion had an earnestly Christian life and by her influence and liberality favoured the wider spread of Christianity. Tradition links her name with the building of Christian churches in the cities of the West, where the imperial court resided, notably at Rome and Trier, and there is no reason for rejecting this tradition, for we know positively through Eusebius that Helena erected churches on the hallowed spots of Palestine. Despite her advanced age she undertook a journey to Palestine when Constantine, through his victory over Licinius, had become sole master of the Roman Empire, subsequently, therefore, to the year 324. It was in Palestine, as we learn from Eusebius (loc. cit., xlii), that she had resolved to bring to God, the King of kings, the homage and tribute of her devotion. She lavished on that land her bounties and good deeds, she "explored it with remarkable discernment", and "visited it with the care and solicitude of the emperor himself". Then, when she "had shown due veneration to the footsteps of the Saviour", she had two churches erected for the worship of God: one was raised in Bethlehem near the Grotto of the Nativity, the other on the Mount of the Ascension, near Jerusalem. She also embellished the sacred grotto with rich ornaments. This sojourn in Jerusalem proved the starting-point of the legend first recorded by Rufinus as to the discovery of the Cross of Christ.

Constantine I, in 327, improved Drepanum, his mother's native town, and decreed that it should be called Helenopolis, it is probable that the latter returned from Palestine to her son who was then residing in the Orient. Constantine was with her when she died, at the advanced age of eighty years or thereabouts (Eusebius, "Vita Const.", III, xlvi). This must have been about the year 330, for the last coins which are known to have been stamped with her name bore this date. Her body was brought to Constantinople and laid to rest in the imperial vault of the church of the Apostles. It is presumed that her remains were transferred in 849 to the Abbey of Hautvillers, in the French Archdiocese of Reims, as recorded by the monk Altmann in his "Translatio". She was revered as a saint, and the veneration spread, early in the ninth century, even to Western countries. Her feast falls on 18 August.

(See The Catholic Encyclopedia: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07202b.htm)

Cleisthenes
ConstansVot.jpeg
1405a, Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D. (Alexandria)38 viewsBronze AE 4, RIC 37, gVF, Egypt, Alexandria, 1.54g, 15.0mm, 180o, 345-347 A.D. Obverse: D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl diademed head right; Reverse: VOT XX MVLT XXX in wreath, SMALA• in exergue.

Flavius Julius Constans, third and youngest son of Constantine I and Fausta, was born between 320 and 323 A.D. Primary sources for the life and reign of Constans I are scarce. To reconstruct his life and career, one must draw on a variety of references in both fourth century and later works. Raised as a Christian, he was made a Caesar on 25 December 333 A.D. Constans I and his two brothers, after the death of their father on 22 May 337 and the subsequent "massacre of the princes" in which many other relatives were purged, met in the first part of September 337 in Pannonia to re-divide the empire among themselves. There they were acclaimed Augusti by the army. Constans' new realm included Italy, Africa, Illyricum, Macedonia, and Achaea. Shortly before his father's death, Constans' engagement to Olympias, the daughter of the Praetorian Prefect Ablabius, was announced; although the match was never solemnized because of political reasons.

It would appear that Constans was successful in the military sphere. Following his accession to the purple in 337, he seems to have won a victory over the Sarmatians. In 340 Constans was able to beat back an attempt by his brother Constantine II to seize some of his realm. The latter died in a battle fought near Aquileia and Constans absorbed his late brother's territory. In 341 and 342 he conducted a successful campaign against the Franci. He also visited Britain in 343, probably on a military campaign.

As an emperor Constans gets mixed reviews. In what may be a topos, sources suggest that the first part of his reign was moderate but in later years, however, he became overbearing. The emperor apparently attempted to obtain as much money as he could from his subjects and sold government posts to the highest bidder. His favorites were allowed to oppress his subjects. Sources also condemn his homosexuality. He did have some military success and, in addition to other military threats, he had to deal with Donatist-related bandits in North Africa.

Like his father Constantine I and his brother Constantius II, Constans had a deep interest in Christianity. Together with Constantius II he issued (or perhaps re-issued) a ban against pagan sacrifice in 341. The next year, they cautioned against the destruction of pagan temples. Unlike his brother Constantius II, who supported the Arian faction, he stood shoulder to shoulder with Athanasius and other members of the Orthodox clique. In fact, it is due to his request that the Council of Serdica was called to deal with the ecclesiastical squabble between Athanasius of Alexandria and Paul of Constantinople on one side and the Arian faction on the other.

When Magnentius was declared emperor in Gaul during January 350, Constans realized his reign was at an end. When he learned of the revolt, he fled toward Helena, a town in the Pyrenees. Constans was put to death by Gaeso and a band of Magnentius' assassins, who dragged their victim from a temple in which he had sought refuge.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University and Robert Frakes, Clarion UniversityPublished: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
Constans.jpg
1405n, Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D. (Siscia)54 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D. Bronze AE 3, RIC 241, S 3978, VM 69, VF, Siscia, 2.32g, 18.3mm, 180o. Obverse: D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Phoenix radiate, standing on rocky mound, GSIS and symbol in ex; nice green patina.

Flavius Julius Constans, third and youngest son of Constantine I and Fausta, was born between 320 and 323 A.D. Primary sources for the life and reign of Constans I are scarce. To reconstruct his life and career, one must draw on a variety of references in both fourth century and later works. Raised as a Christian, he was made a Caesar on 25 December 333 A.D. Constans I and his two brothers, after the death of their father on 22 May 337 and the subsequent "massacre of the princes" in which many other relatives were purged, met in the first part of September 337 in Pannonia to re-divide the empire among themselves. There they were acclaimed Augusti by the army. Constans' new realm included Italy, Africa, Illyricum, Macedonia, and Achaea. Shortly before his father's death, Constans' engagement to Olympias, the daughter of the Praetorian Prefect Ablabius, was announced; although the match was never solemnized because of political reasons.

It would appear that Constans was successful in the military sphere. Following his accession to the purple in 337, he seems to have won a victory over the Sarmatians. In 340 Constans was able to beat back an attempt by his brother Constantine II to seize some of his realm. The latter died in a battle fought near Aquileia and Constans absorbed his late brother's territory. In 341 and 342 he conducted a successful campaign against the Franci. He also visited Britain in 343, probably on a military campaign.

As an emperor Constans gets mixed reviews. In what may be a topos, sources suggest that the first part of his reign was moderate but in later years, however, he became overbearing. The emperor apparently attempted to obtain as much money as he could from his subjects and sold government posts to the highest bidder. His favorites were allowed to oppress his subjects. Sources also condemn his homosexuality. He did have some military success and, in addition to other military threats, he had to deal with Donatist-related bandits in North Africa.

Like his father Constantine I and his brother Constantius II, Constans had a deep interest in Christianity. Together with Constantius II he issued (or perhaps re-issued) a ban against pagan sacrifice in 341. The next year, they cautioned against the destruction of pagan temples. Unlike his brother Constantius II, who supported the Arian faction, he stood shoulder to shoulder with Athanasius and other members of the Orthodox clique. In fact, it is due to his request that the Council of Serdica was called to deal with the ecclesiastical squabble between Athanasius of Alexandria and Paul of Constantinople on one side and the Arian faction on the other.

When Magnentius was declared emperor in Gaul during January 350, Constans realized his reign was at an end. When he learned of the revolt, he fled toward Helena, a town in the Pyrenees. Constans was put to death by Gaeso and a band of Magnentius' assassins, who dragged their victim from a temple in which he had sought refuge.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University and Robert Frakes, Clarion University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
U2476F1OVDKUXTA.jpeg
1405t, Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D. (Thessalonica )37 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D., Bronze AE 3, unattributed; Thessalonica mint, 2.25g, 18.9mm, 0; aVF.

Flavius Julius Constans, third and youngest son of Constantine I and Fausta, was born between 320 and 323 A.D. Primary sources for the life and reign of Constans I are scarce. To reconstruct his life and career, one must draw on a variety of references in both fourth century and later works. Raised as a Christian, he was made a Caesar on 25 December 333 A.D. Constans I and his two brothers, after the death of their father on 22 May 337 and the subsequent "massacre of the princes" in which many other relatives were purged, met in the first part of September 337 in Pannonia to re-divide the empire among themselves. There they were acclaimed Augusti by the army. Constans' new realm included Italy, Africa, Illyricum, Macedonia, and Achaea. Shortly before his father's death, Constans' engagement to Olympias, the daughter of the Praetorian Prefect Ablabius, was announced; although the match was never solemnized because of political reasons.

It would appear that Constans was successful in the military sphere. Following his accession to the purple in 337, he seems to have won a victory over the Sarmatians. In 340 Constans was able to beat back an attempt by his brother Constantine II to seize some of his realm. The latter died in a battle fought near Aquileia and Constans absorbed his late brother's territory. In 341 and 342 he conducted a successful campaign against the Franci. He also visited Britain in 343, probably on a military campaign.

As an emperor Constans gets mixed reviews. In what may be a topos, sources suggest that the first part of his reign was moderate but in later years, however, he became overbearing. The emperor apparently attempted to obtain as much money as he could from his subjects and sold government posts to the highest bidder. His favorites were allowed to oppress his subjects. Sources also condemn his homosexuality. He did have some military success and, in addition to other military threats, he had to deal with Donatist-related bandits in North Africa.

Like his father Constantine I and his brother Constantius II, Constans had a deep interest in Christianity. Together with Constantius II he issued (or perhaps re-issued) a ban against pagan sacrifice in 341. The next year, they cautioned against the destruction of pagan temples. Unlike his brother Constantius II, who supported the Arian faction, he stood shoulder to shoulder with Athanasius and other members of the Orthodox clique. In fact, it is due to his request that the Council of Serdica was called to deal with the ecclesiastical squabble between Athanasius of Alexandria and Paul of Constantinople on one side and the Arian faction on the other.

When Magnentius was declared emperor in Gaul during January 350, Constans realized his reign was at an end. When he learned of the revolt, he fled toward Helena, a town in the Pyrenees. Constans was put to death by Gaeso and a band of Magnentius' assassins, who dragged their victim from a temple in which he had sought refuge.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University and Robert Frakes, Clarion University.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Julian2VotXConstantinople.jpg
1409a, Julian II "the Philosopher," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.143 viewsJulian II, A.D. 360-363; RIC 167; VF; 2.7g, 20mm; Constantinople mint; Obverse: DN FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted & cuirassed bust right, holding spear & shield; Reverse: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines within wreath; CONSPB in exergue; Attractive green patina. Ex Nemesis.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Julian the Apostate (360-363 A.D.)

Walter E. Roberts, Emory University
Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University

Introduction

The emperor Flavius Claudius Julianus reigned from 360 to 26 June 363, when he was killed fighting against the Persians. Despite his short rule, his emperorship was pivotal in the development of the history of the later Roman empire. This essay is not meant to be a comprehensive look at the various issues central to the reign of Julian and the history of the later empire. Rather, this short work is meant to be a brief history and introduction for the general reader. Julian was the last direct descendent of the Constantinian line to ascend to the purple, and it is one of history's great ironies that he was the last non-Christian emperor. As such, he has been vilified by most Christian sources, beginning with John Chrysostom and Gregory Nazianzus in the later fourth century. This tradition was picked up by the fifth century Eusebian continuators Sozomen, Socrates Scholasticus, and Theodoret and passed on to scholars down through the 20th century. Most contemporary sources, however, paint a much more balanced picture of Julian and his reign. The adoption of Christianity by emperors and society, while still a vital concern, was but one of several issues that concerned Julian.

It is fortunate that extensive writings from Julian himself exist, which help interpret his reign in the light of contemporary evidence. Still extant are some letters, several panegyrics, and a few satires. Other contemporary sources include the soldier Ammianus Marcellinus' history, correspondence between Julian and Libanius of Antioch, several panegyrics, laws from the Theodosian Code, inscriptions, and coinage. These sources show Julian's emphasis on restoration. He saw himself as the restorer of the traditional values of Roman society. Of course much of this was rhetoric, meant to defend Julian against charges that he was a usurper. At the same time this theme of restoration was central to all emperors of the fourth century. Julian thought that he was the one emperor who could regain what was viewed as the lost glory of the Roman empire. To achieve this goal he courted select groups of social elites to get across his message of restoration. This was the way that emperors functioned in the fourth century. By choosing whom to include in the sharing of power, they sought to shape society.

Early Life

Julian was born at Constantinople in 331. His father was Julius Constantius, half-brother of the emperor Constantine through Constantius Chlorus, and his mother was Basilina, Julius' second wife. Julian had two half-brothers via Julius' first marriage. One of these was Gallus, who played a major role in Julian's life. Julian appeared destined for a bright future via his father's connection to the Constantinian house. After many years of tense relations with his three half-brothers, Constantine seemed to have welcomed them into the fold of the imperial family. From 333 to 335, Constantine conferred a series of honors upon his three half-siblings, including appointing Julius Constantius as one of the consuls for 335. Julian's mother was equally distinguished. Ammianus related that she was from a noble family. This is supported by Libanius, who claimed that she was the daughter of Julius Julianus, a Praetorian Prefect under Licinius, who was such a model of administrative virtue that he was pardoned and honored by Constantine.

Despite the fact that his mother died shortly after giving birth to him, Julian experienced an idyllic early childhood. This ended when Constantius II conducted a purge of many of his relatives shortly after Constantine's death in 337, particularly targeting the families of Constantine's half-brothers. ulian and Gallus were spared, probably due to their young age. Julian was put under the care of Mardonius, a Scythian eunuch who had tutored his mother, in 339, and was raised in the Greek philosophical tradition, and probably lived in Nicomedia. Ammianus also supplied the fact that while in Nicomedia, Julian was cared for by the local bishop Eusebius, of whom the future emperor was a distant relation. Julian was educated by some of the most famous names in grammar and rhetoric in the Greek world at that time, including Nicocles and Hecebolius. In 344 Constantius II sent Julian and Gallus to Macellum in Cappadocia, where they remained for six years. In 351, Gallus was made Caesar by Constantius II and Julian was allowed to return to Nicomedia, where he studied under Aedesius, Eusebius, and Chrysanthius, all famed philosophers, and was exposed to the Neo-Platonism that would become such a prominent part of his life. But Julian was most proud of the time he spent studying under Maximus of Ephesus, a noted Neo-Platonic philospher and theurgist. It was Maximus who completed Julian's full-scale conversion to Neo-Platonism. Later, when he was Caesar, Julian told of how he put letters from this philosopher under his pillows so that he would continue to absorb wisdom while he slept, and while campaigning on the Rhine, he sent his speeches to Maximus for approval before letting others hear them. When Gallus was executed in 354 for treason by Constantius II, Julian was summoned to Italy and essentially kept under house arrest at Comum, near Milan, for seven months before Constantius' wife Eusebia convinced the emperor that Julian posed no threat. This allowed Julian to return to Greece and continue his life as a scholar where he studied under the Neo-Platonist Priscus. Julian's life of scholarly pursuit, however, ended abruptly when he was summoned to the imperial court and made Caesar by Constantius II on 6 November 355.

Julian as Caesar

Constantius II realized an essential truth of the empire that had been evident since the time of the Tetrarchy--the empire was too big to be ruled effectively by one man. Julian was pressed into service as Caesar, or subordinate emperor, because an imperial presence was needed in the west, in particular in the Gallic provinces. Julian, due to the emperor's earlier purges, was the only viable candidate of the imperial family left who could act as Caesar. Constantius enjoined Julian with the task of restoring order along the Rhine frontier. A few days after he was made Caesar, Julian was married to Constantius' sister Helena in order to cement the alliance between the two men. On 1 December 355, Julian journeyed north, and in Augusta Taurinorum he learned that Alamannic raiders had destroyed Colonia Agrippina. He then proceeded to Vienne where he spent the winter. At Vienne, he learned that Augustudunum was also under siege, but was being held by a veteran garrison. He made this his first priority, and arrived there on 24 June 356. When he had assured himself that the city was in no immediate danger, he journeyed to Augusta Treverorum via Autessioduram, and from there to Durocortorum where he rendezvoused with his army. Julian had the army stage a series of punitive strikes around the Dieuse region, and then he moved them towards the Argentoratum/Mongontiacum region when word of barbarian incursions reached him.

From there, Julian moved on to Colonia Agrippina, and negotiated a peace with the local barbarian leaders who had assaulted the city. He then wintered at Senonae. He spent the early part of the campaigning season of 357 fighting off besiegers at Senonae, and then conducting operations around Lugdunum and Tres Tabernae. Later that summer, he encountered his watershed moment as a military general. Ammianus went into great detail about Julian's victory over seven rogue Alamannic chieftains near Argentoratum, and Julian himself bragged about it in his later writing. After this battle, the soldiers acclaimed Julian Augustus, but he rejected this title. After mounting a series of follow-up raids into Alamannic territory, he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia, and on the way defeated some Frankish raiders in the Mosa region. Julian considered this campaign one of the major events of his time as Caesar.

Julian began his 358 military campaigns early, hoping to catch the barbarians by surprise. His first target was the Franks in the northern Rhine region. He then proceeded to restore some forts in the Mosa region, but his soldiers threatened to mutiny because they were on short rations and had not been paid their donative since Julian had become Caesar. After he soothed his soldiers, Julian spent the rest of the summer negotiating a peace with various Alamannic leaders in the mid and lower Rhine areas, and retired to winter quarters at Lutetia. In 359, he prepared once again to carry out a series of punitive expeditions against the Alamanni in the Rhine region who were still hostile to the Roman presence. In preparation, the Caesar repopulated seven previously destroyed cities and set them up as supply bases and staging areas. This was done with the help of the people with whom Julian had negotiated a peace the year before. Julian then had a detachment of lightly armed soldiers cross the Rhine near Mogontiacum and conduct a guerilla strike against several chieftains. As a result of these campaigns, Julian was able to negotiate a peace with all but a handful of the Alamannic leaders, and he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia.

Of course, Julian did more than act as a general during his time as Caesar. According to Ammianus, Julian was an able administrator who took steps to correct the injustices of Constantius' appointees. Ammianus related the story of how Julian prevented Florentius, the Praetorian Prefect of Gaul, from raising taxes, and also how Julian actually took over as governor for the province of Belgica Secunda. Hilary, bishop of Poitiers, supported Ammianus' basic assessment of Julian in this regard when he reported that Julian was an able representative of the emperor to the Gallic provincials. There is also epigraphic evidence to support Julian's popularity amongst the provincial elites. An inscription found near Beneventum in Apulia reads:
"To Flavius Claudius Julianus, most noble and sanctified Caesar, from the caring Tocius Maximus, vir clarissimus, for the care of the res publica from Beneventum".

Tocius Maximus, as a vir clarissimus, was at the highest point in the social spectrum and was a leader in his local community. This inscription shows that Julian was successful in establishing a positive image amongst provincial elites while he was Caesar.

Julian Augustus

In early 360, Constantius, driven by jealousy of Julian's success, stripped Julian of many troops and officers, ostensibly because the emperor needed them for his upcoming campaign against the Persians. One of the legions ordered east, the Petulantes, did not want to leave Gaul because the majority of the soldiers in the unit were from this region. As a result they mutinied and hailed Julian as Augustus at Lutetia. Julian refused this acclamation as he had done at Argentoratum earlier, but the soldiers would have none of his denial. They raised him on a shield and adorned him with a neck chain, which had formerly been the possession of the standard-bearer of the Petulantes and symbolized a royal diadem. Julian appeared reluctantly to acquiesce to their wishes, and promised a generous donative. The exact date of his acclamation is unknown, but most scholars put it in February or March. Julian himself supported Ammianus' picture of a jealous Constantius. In his Letter to the Athenians, a document constructed to answer charges that he was a usurper, Julian stated that from the start he, as Caesar, had been meant as a figurehead to the soldiers and provincials. The real power he claimed lay with the generals and officials already present in Gaul. In fact, according to Julian, the generals were charged with watching him as much as the enemy. His account of the actual acclamation closely followed what Ammianus told us, but he stressed even more his reluctance to take power. Julian claimed that he did so only after praying to Zeus for guidance.

Fearing the reaction of Constantius, Julian sent a letter to his fellow emperor justifying the events at Lutetia and trying to arrange a peaceful solution. This letter berated Constantius for forcing the troops in Gaul into an untenable situation. Ammianus stated that Julian's letter blamed Constantius' decision to transfer Gallic legions east as the reason for the soldiers' rebellion. Julian once again asserted that he was an unwilling participant who was only following the desire of the soldiers. In both of these basic accounts Ammianus and Julian are playing upon the theme of restoration. Implicit in their version of Julian's acclamation is the argument that Constantius was unfit to rule. The soldiers were the vehicle of the gods' will. The Letter to the Athenians is full of references to the fact that Julian was assuming the mantle of Augustus at the instigation of the gods. Ammianus summed up this position nicely when he related the story of how, when Julian was agonizing over whether to accept the soldiers' acclamation, he had a dream in which he was visited by the Genius (guardian spirit) of the Roman state. The Genius told Julian that it had often tried to bestow high honors upon Julian but had been rebuffed. Now, the Genius went on to say, was Julian's final chance to take the power that was rightfully his. If the Caesar refused this chance, the Genius would depart forever, and both Julian and the state would rue Julian's rejection. Julian himself wrote a letter to his friend Maximus of Ephesus in November of 361 detailing his thoughts on his proclamation. In this letter, Julian stated that the soldiers proclaimed him Augustus against his will. Julian, however, defended his accession, saying that the gods willed it and that he had treated his enemies with clemency and justice. He went on to say that he led the troops in propitiating the traditional deities, because the gods commanded him to return to the traditional rites, and would reward him if he fulfilled this duty.

During 360 an uneasy peace simmered between the two emperors. Julian spent the 360 campaigning season continuing his efforts to restore order along the Rhine, while Constantius continued operations against the Persians. Julian wintered in Vienne, and celebrated his Quinquennalia. It was at this time that his wife Helena died, and he sent her remains to Rome for a proper burial at his family villa on the Via Nomentana where the body of her sister was entombed. The uneasy peace held through the summer of 361, but Julian concentrated his military operations around harassing the Alamannic chieftain Vadomarius and his allies, who had concluded a peace treaty with Constantius some years earlier. By the end of the summer, Julian decided to put an end to the waiting and gathered his army to march east against Constantius. The empire teetered on the brink of another civil war. Constantius had spent the summer negotiating with the Persians and making preparations for possible military action against his cousin. When he was assured that the Persians would not attack, he summoned his army and sallied forth to meet Julian. As the armies drew inexorably closer to one another, the empire was saved from another bloody civil war when Constantius died unexpectedly of natural causes on 3 November near the town of Mopsucrenae in Cilicia, naming Julian -- the sources say-- as his legitimate successor.

Julian was in Dacia when he learned of his cousin's death. He made his way through Thrace and came to Constantinople on 11 December 361 where Julian honored the emperor with the funeral rites appropriate for a man of his station. Julian immediately set about putting his supporters in positions of power and trimming the imperial bureaucracy, which had become extremely overstaffed during Constantius' reign. Cooks and barbers had increased during the late emperor's reign and Julian expelled them from his court. Ammianus gave a mixed assessment of how the new emperor handled the followers of Constantius. Traditionally, emperors were supposed to show clemency to the supporters of a defeated enemy. Julian, however, gave some men over to death to appease the army. Ammianus used the case of Ursulus, Constantius' comes sacrum largitionum, to illustrate his point. Ursulus had actually tried to acquire money for the Gallic troops when Julian had first been appointed Caesar, but he had also made a disparaging remark about the ineffectiveness of the army after the battle of Amida. The soldiers remembered this, and when Julian became sole Augustus, they demanded Ursulus' head. Julian obliged, much to the disapproval of Ammianus. This seems to be a case of Julian courting the favor of the military leadership, and is indicative of a pattern in which Julian courted the goodwill of various societal elites to legitimize his position as emperor.

Another case in point is the officials who made up the imperial bureaucracy. Many of them were subjected to trial and punishment. To achieve this goal, during the last weeks of December 361 Julian assembled a military tribunal at Chalcedon, empanelling six judges to try the cases. The president of the tribunal was Salutius, just promoted to the rank of Praetorian Prefect; the five other members were Mamertinus, the orator, and four general officers: Jovinus, Agilo, Nevitta, and Arbetio. Relative to the proceedings of the tribunal, Ammianus noted that the judges, " . . . oversaw the cases more vehemently than was right or fair, with the exception of a few . . .." Ammianus' account of Julian's attempt at reform of the imperial bureaucracy is supported by legal evidence from the Theodosian Code. A series of laws sent to Mamertinus, Julian's appointee as Praetorian Prefect in Italy, Illyricum, and Africa, illustrate this point nicely. On 6 June 362, Mamertinus received a law that prohibited provincial governors from bypassing the Vicars when giving their reports to the Prefect. Traditionally, Vicars were given civil authority over a group of provinces, and were in theory meant to serve as a middle step between governors and Prefects. This law suggests that the Vicars were being left out, at least in Illyricum. Julian issued another edict to Mamertinus on 22 February 362 to stop abuse of the public post by governors. According to this law, only Mamertinus could issue post warrants, but the Vicars were given twelve blank warrants to be used as they saw fit, and each governor was given two. Continuing the trend of bureaucratic reform, Julian also imposed penalties on governors who purposefully delayed appeals in court cases they had heard. The emperor also established a new official to weigh solidi used in official government transactions to combat coin clipping.

For Julian, reigning in the abuses of imperial bureaucrats was one step in restoring the prestige of the office of emperor. Because he could not affect all elements of society personally, Julian, like other Neo-Flavian emperors, decided to concentrate on select groups of societal elites as intercessors between himself and the general populace. One of these groups was the imperial bureaucracy. Julian made it very clear that imperial officials were intercessors in a very real sense in a letter to Alypius, Vicar of Britain. In this letter, sent from Gaul sometime before 361, the emperor praises Alypius for his use of "mildness and moderation with courage and force" in his rule of the provincials. Such virtues were characteristic of the emperors, and it was good that Alypius is representing Julian in this way. Julian courted the army because it put him in power. Another group he sought to include in his rule was the traditional Senatorial aristocracy. One of his first appointments as consul was Claudius Mamertinus, a Gallic Senator and rhetorician. Mamertinus' speech in praise of Julian delivered at Constantinople in January of 362 is preserved. In this speech, Claudius presented his consular selection as inaugurating a new golden age and Julian as the restorer of the empire founded by Augustus. The image Mamertinus gave of his own consulate inaugurating a new golden age is not merely formulaic. The comparison of Julian to Augustus has very real, if implicit, relevance to Claudius' situation. Claudius emphasized the imperial period as the true age of renewal. Augustus ushered in a new era with his formation of a partnership between the emperor and the Senate based upon a series of honors and offices bestowed upon the Senate in return for their role as intercessor between emperor and populace. It was this system that Julian was restoring, and the consulate was one concrete example of this bond. To be chosen as a consul by the emperor, who himself had been divinely mandated, was a divine honor. In addition to being named consul, Mamertinus went on to hold several offices under Julian, including the Prefecture of Italy, Illyricum, and Africa. Similarly, inscriptional evidence illustrates a link between municipal elites and Julian during his time as Caesar, something which continued after he became emperor. One concrete example comes from the municipal senate of Aceruntia in Apulia, which established a monument on which Julian is styled as "Repairer of the World."

Julian seems to have given up actual Christian belief before his acclamation as emperor and was a practitioner of more traditional Greco-Roman religious beliefs, in particular, a follower of certain late antique Platonist philosophers who were especially adept at theurgy as was noted earlier. In fact Julian himself spoke of his conversion to Neo-Platonism in a letter to the Alexandrians written in 363. He stated that he had abandoned Christianity when he was twenty years old and been an adherent of the traditional Greco-Roman deities for the twelve years prior to writing this letter.

(For the complete text of this article see: http://www.roman-emperors.org/julian.htm)

Julian’s Persian Campaign

The exact goals Julian had for his ill-fated Persian campaign were never clear. The Sassanid Persians, and before them the Parthians, had been a traditional enemy from the time of the Late Republic, and indeed Constantius had been conducting a war against them before Julian's accession forced the former to forge an uneasy peace. Julian, however, had no concrete reason to reopen hostilities in the east. Socrates Scholasticus attributed Julian's motives to imitation of Alexander the Great, but perhaps the real reason lay in his need to gather the support of the army. Despite his acclamation by the Gallic legions, relations between Julian and the top military officers was uneasy at best. A war against the Persians would have brought prestige and power both to Julian and the army.

Julian set out on his fateful campaign on 5 March 363. Using his trademark strategy of striking quickly and where least expected, he moved his army through Heirapolis and from there speedily across the Euphrates and into the province of Mesopotamia, where he stopped at the town of Batnae. His plan was to eventually return through Armenia and winter in Tarsus. Once in Mesopotamia, Julian was faced with the decision of whether to travel south through the province of Babylonia or cross the Tigris into Assyria, and he eventually decided to move south through Babylonia and turn west into Assyria at a later date. By 27 March, he had the bulk of his army across the Euphrates, and had also arranged a flotilla to guard his supply line along the mighty river. He then left his generals Procopius and Sebastianus to help Arsacius, the king of Armenia and a Roman client, to guard the northern Tigris line. It was also during this time that he received the surrender of many prominent local leaders who had nominally supported the Persians. These men supplied Julian with money and troops for further military action against their former masters. Julian decided to turn south into Babylonia and proceeded along the Euphrates, coming to the fortress of Cercusium at the junction of the Abora and Euphrates Rivers around the first of April, and from there he took his army west to a region called Zaitha near the abandoned town of Dura where they visited the tomb of the emperor Gordian which was in the area. On April 7 he set out from there into the heart of Babylonia and towards Assyria.

Ammianus then stated that Julian and his army crossed into Assyria, which on the face of things appears very confusing. Julian still seems to be operating within the province of Babylonia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The confusion is alleviated when one realizes that,for Ammianus, the region of Assyria encompassed the provinces of Babylonia and Assyria. On their march, Julian's forces took the fortress of Anatha, received the surrender and support of several more local princes, and ravaged the countryside of Assyria between the rivers. As the army continued south, they came across the fortresses Thilutha and Achaiachala, but these places were too well defended and Julian decided to leave them alone. Further south were the cities Diacira and Ozogardana, which the Roman forces sacked and burned. Soon, Julian came to Pirisabora and a brief siege ensued, but the city fell and was also looted and destroyed. It was also at this time that the Roman army met its first systematic resistance from the Persians. As the Romans penetrated further south and west, the local inhabitants began to flood their route. Nevertheless, the Roman forces pressed on and came to Maiozamalcha, a sizable city not far from Ctesiphon. After a short siege, this city too fell to Julian. Inexorably, Julian's forces zeroed in on Ctesiphon, but as they drew closer, the Persian resistance grew fiercer, with guerilla raids whittling at Julian's men and supplies. A sizable force of the army was lost and the emperor himself was almost killed taking a fort a few miles from the target city.
Finally, the army approached Ctesiphon following a canal that linked the Tigris and Euphrates. It soon became apparent after a few preliminary skirmishes that a protracted siege would be necessary to take this important city. Many of his generals, however, thought that pursuing this course of action would be foolish. Julian reluctantly agreed, but became enraged by this failure and ordered his fleet to be burned as he decided to march through the province of Assyria. Julian had planned for his army to live off the land, but the Persians employed a scorched-earth policy. When it became apparent that his army would perish (because his supplies were beginning to dwindle) from starvation and the heat if he continued his campaign, and also in the face of superior numbers of the enemy, Julian ordered a retreat on 16 June. As the Roman army retreated, they were constantly harassed by guerilla strikes. It was during one of these raids that Julian got caught up in the fighting and took a spear to his abdomen. Mortally wounded he was carried to his tent, where, after conferring with some of his officers, he died. The date was 26 June 363.

Conclusion

Thus an ignominious end for a man came about who had hoped to restore the glory of the Roman empire during his reign as emperor. Due to his intense hatred of Christianity, the opinion of posterity has not been kind to Julian. The contemporary opinion, however, was overall positive. The evidence shows that Julian was a complex ruler with a definite agenda to use traditional social institutions in order to revive what he saw as a collapsing empire. In the final assessment, he was not so different from any of the other emperors of the fourth century. He was a man grasping desperately to hang on to a Greco-Roman conception of leadership that was undergoing a subtle yet profound change.
Copyright (C) 2002, Walter E. Roberts and Michael DiMaio, Jr. Used by permission.

In reality, Julian worked to promote culture and philosophy in any manifestation. He tried to reduce taxes and the public debts of municipalities; he augmented administrative decentralisation; he promoted a campaign of austerity to reduce public expenditure (setting himself as the example). He reformed the postal service and eliminated the powerful secret police.
by Federico Morando; JULIAN II, The Apostate, http://www.forumancientcoins.com/NumisWiki/view.asp?key=Julian%20II

Flavius Claudius Iulianus was born in 331 or maybe 332 A.D. in Constantinople. He ruled the Western Empire as Caesar from 355 to 360 and was hailed Augustus by his legions in Lutetia (Paris) in 360. Julian was a gifted administrator and military strategist. Famed as the last pagan emperor, his reinstatement of the pagan religion earned him the moniker "the Apostate." As evidenced by his brilliant writing, some of which has survived to the present day, the title "the Philosopher" may have been more appropriate. He died from wounds suffered during the Persian campaign of 363 A.D. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.




2 commentsCleisthenes
RI_141bq_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 109 17 viewsObv:– D N DIOCLETIANO BAEATISS, laureate, mantled bust right holding mappa
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, Providentia standing left, extending branch to Quies standing opposite
Minted in Alexandria ( B / KP //ALE). A.D. 308 - 310
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 109
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RI_141ck_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI - Alexandria 093a23 viewsAE Half Follis
Obv:– DN DIOCLETIANO FELICIS, Laureate and mantled bust right, holding olive-branch and mappa
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, In field: Gamma; In ex: ALE, Providentia standing right, extending hand to Quies standing light, holding branch and leaning on scepter
Minted in Alexandria (Gamma //ALE). A.D. 308
Reference:– RIC VI 93a
Size:- 21.01 mm

A scarcer half follis.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 141j img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI Alexandria 30a19 viewsObv:– IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in Alexandria (XXI in left field, A in right field, ALE in exe.)
References:– RIC VI Alexandria 30
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RI 141a img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI Alexandria 46a57 viewsObv:– IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped bust facing right
Rev:– CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian and Maximianus standing facing each other, holding between them globe surmounted by Victory
Minted in Alexandria (B in centre field, ALE in exe.)
References:– RIC VI Alexandria 46a (Common)
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GI 141a img.jpg
141 - Diocletian, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Eirene, Milne 477416 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– A K ΓOYAΛ ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Eirene standing left, holding sceptre and olive-branch
Minted in Alexandria (L | B). A.D. 285/286
Reference(s) – Curtis 1976, BMC 2493v, Milne 4774
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GI 141b img.jpg
141 - Diocletian, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Tyche reclining, Milne 475633 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– A K ΓOYAΛ ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Tyche reclining left on garlanded couch, right hand on rudder, left hand supports head
Minted in Alexandria (LA). A.D. 284/285
Reference:– Curtis 2023, BMC 2527v, Milne 4756
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GI 146b img.jpg
146 - Maximian, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Nike, Milne 498526 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Nike, advancing right holding wreath and palm. Star in right field.
Minted in Alexandria (L | S).
Reference(s) – Curtis -, BMC -, Milne 4985
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_146dn_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - Half Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 91a9 viewsHalf follis
Obv:– DN MAXIMIANO FELICIS, Laureate and mantled bust right, holding olive-branch and mappa
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, Providentia standing right, extending hand to Quies standing light, holding branch and leaning on scepter
Minted in Alexandria (Delta //ALE). A.D. 308
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 91a
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RI_146dk_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 34b 13 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C MA MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in Alexandria (S | E / P //ALE). A.D. 305 to A.D. 306
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 34b
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RI_146dg_img~0.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 54 21 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI CONS CAES, Jupiter standing left, holding Victoriola in right hand, leaning on sceptre in left, chlamys over left shoulder
Minted in Alexandria (S | D/P //ALE). A.D. 305 to A.D. 306
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 54 (S)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Constans_AE-4-Follis_CONST-ANS-AVG-Cn17-D3_GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS_SMALGamma_RIC-VIII-21-p-539_Alexandria-340-AD_C2_Q-001_10h_14,5mm_1,58ga-s.jpg
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VIII 021, -/-//SMALΓ, AE-4 Follis, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with one standard, #162 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VIII 021, -/-//SMALΓ, AE-4 Follis, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with one standard, #1
avers:- CONSTAN-S-PF-AVG, Cn17, D3, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS, Two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them.
exergo: -/-//SMALΓ, diamater:14,5mm, weight: 1,58g, axis: 10h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 340 A.D, ref: RIC-VIII-47, p-539,
Q-001
quadrans
Constans_AE-4-Follis_DN-CONST-ANS-P-F-AVG-Cn17-D3_VOT_XX_MVLT_XXX_SMALGamma_RIC-VIII-34-p-541_Alexandria-340-AD_C2_Q-001_11h_15,5mm_2,11g-s.jpg
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VIII 034, -/-//SMALΓ, AE-4 Follis, VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX, In four lines within laurel wreath, #179 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VIII 034, -/-//SMALΓ, AE-4 Follis, VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX, In four lines within laurel wreath, #1
avers:- CONSTAN-S-PF-AVG, Cn17, D3, Pearl-diademed bust right.
revers:- VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX, In four lines within laurel wreath.
exergo: -/-//SMALΓ, diamater:15,5mm, weight: 2,11g, axis: 11h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 340 A.D, ref: RIC-VIII-34, p-541,
Q-001
quadrans
RI 147b img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Alexandria 15a note57 viewsObv:– FAL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPV - L - I ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in Alexandria (Γ in right field, ALE in exe.) in A.D. 294
References:– RIC VI Alexandria 15a note. (FAL VAL legend variety noted in the Vienna collection)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_147ag_img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Alexandria 33a8 viewsObv:- FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES; Laureate head right
Rev:- GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI; Genius of the Roman People standing facing, head left, holding cornucopia and pouring libation from patera
Minted in Alexandria (XX | E/I //ALE). A.D. 301
Ref:- RIC VI Alexandria 33a

10.35g, 27.21mm, 180o

Slight double strike on reverse
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RI 147n img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Alexandria 5328 viewsObv:– IMP C CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI VLTORI, Hercules standing facing with head left, right hand leaning on club, left hand holding apples and with a lions skin hanging from the elbow
Minted in Alexandria (Δ in upper left field, S in left field, in right field, ALE in exe.) A.D. 305 to A.D. 306
References:– RIC VI Alexandria 53 (S)
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GI_148a_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - Alexandria, Eirene13 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– GAL MAXIMIANOC K, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Eirene, standing left, holding olive branch and sceptre..
Minted in Alexandria (L| B). A.D. 293
Reference(s) – Curtis -, BMC -, Milne 5106. Emmett 4219 (Year 2) Rated R5
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GI_148b_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - Billon Tetradrachm - Milne 524013 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– MAXIMIANOC K, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Eagle, standing left, head right, holding wreath in beak, Palm in left field..
Minted in Alexandria (L| D). A.D. 295
Reference(s) – Milne 5240
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RI_148y_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 101a19 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right (divergent wreath ties)
Rev:– GENIO IMPERATORIS, Genius standing left holding patera over lighted altar
Minted in Alexandria (K | G / P // ALE). A.D. 310-311
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 101a
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RI_148z_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 43 18 viewsFollis
Obv:– GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI CONS CAES, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe in right hand, sceptre in left
Minted in Alexandria (S | B / P // ALE). A.D. 304-305
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 43
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RI_148aa_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 8218 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right (divergent ties)
Rev:– VIRTVS EXERCITVS, Mars advancing right, in military dress, holding transverse spear, shield and trophy.
Minted in Alexandria (X | S / K // ALE). A.D. 308-310
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 82
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_148ab_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Alexandria 015b9 viewsFollis
Obv:– GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right (parallel ties)
Rev:– GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI, Genius standing left holding patera
Minted in Alexandria (_ | B // ALE). A.D. 294
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 15b
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RI_148af_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Alexandria 107a12 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right (parallel wreath ties (round ends))
Rev:– GENIO IMPERATORIS, Genius standing left holding patera over lighted altar
Minted in Alexandria (K | B / P // ALE). A.D. 310-311
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 107a (C)

Weight 7.55g. 26.06mm. 0 degrees
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 148f img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Alexandria 7548 viewsAE Follis
Obverse Legend – IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right
Reverse Legend – VIRTVS EX-ERCITVS, Mars, advancing right in military dress, right hand holding spear, left hand holding shield and arms over shoulder
Minted in Alexandria (P in left field, Γ over R in right field, ALE in exe.). Mid A.D. 308
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 75 (Scarce)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
GI_146c_img.jpg
148 - Manimianus Herculius - Alexandria, Athena - Unpublished17 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– MAXIMIANOC CEB, Laureate bust right
Rev:– None, Athena, seated left, holding Victory and spear..
Minted in Alexandria (L I| A; star above). A.D. 296
Reference(s) – Curtis -, BMC -, Milne -. Emmett - (not noted with star). Dattari - (cf. Dattari 5847 has date L--IA; star right)
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RI_151p_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 071 20 viewsFollis
Obv:– GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO CAESARIS, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys at waist, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera
Minted in Alexandria (P / D | R // ALE). Mid A.D. 308.
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 71 (Common - this has one of the listed mintmark arrangements)
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RI_151q_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 099a17 viewsFollis
Obv:– GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO CAESARIS, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys at waist, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera
Minted in Alexandria (K | S / P // ALE). Late A.D. 308 - A.D. 310
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 99a (Common)
maridvnvm
RI_151u_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 099a20 viewsFollis
Obv:– GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO CAESARIS, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys at waist, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera
Minted in Alexandria (K | B / P // ALE). Late A.D. 308 - A.D. 310
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 99a (Common)

Weight 6.44g. 23.84mm. 180 degrees
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_151r_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 107c 25 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right (parallel wreath ties with rounded ends)
Rev:– GENIO IMPERATORIS, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys at waist, left hand holding cornucopiae and right hand holding patera
Minted in Alexandria (K | S / P // ALE).
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 107c (Common)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_151t_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 149b16 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENI-O AVGVSTI, Genius, naked but for chlamys fastened at his right shoulder and hanging from his left shoulder, standing facing, head left, wearing modius, holding head of Serapis, which faces him, in right hand and ornate cornucopia in left arm behind
Minted in Alexandria (X | A // ALE). A.D. 312
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 149b (Common)

5.10gms. 20.87 mm. 0 degrees.
maridvnvm
RI_151k_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II Daia - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 144b31 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GALER VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONO GENIO PII IMPERATORIS, Genius, naked but for chlamys fastened at his right shoulder and hanging from his left shoulder, standing facing, head left, wearing modius, holding patera in right hand and ornate cornucopia in left arm behind
Minted in Alexandria (Crescent / K | Gamma / X // ALE).
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 144b (Rated Common)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_151s_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II Daia - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 152b28 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right (parallel wreath ties with rounded ends)
Rev:– GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius, naked but for chlamys fastened at his right shoulder and hanging from his left shoulder, standing facing, head left, wearing modius, holding head of Serapis, which faces him, in right hand and ornate cornucopia in left arm behind
Minted in Alexandria (Crescent / X | B // ALE). A.D. 312
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 152b (Common)
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_151h_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II Daia - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 160b42 viewsAe Follis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius, naked but for chlamys fastened at his right shoulder and hanging from his left shoulder, standing facing, head left, wearing modius, holding head of Serapis, which faces him, in right hand and ornate cornucopia in left arm behind
Minted in Alexandria (* / N / Branch | B / ALE). A.D. 312-313
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 160b
maridvnvm
RI_151j_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II Daia - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 160b18 viewsObv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius, naked but for chlamys fastened at his right shoulder and hanging from his left shoulder, standing facing, head left, wearing modius, holding head of Serapis, which faces him, in right hand and ornate cornucopia in left arm behind
Minted in Alexandria (* / N / Branch | S // ALE).
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 160b
maridvnvm
RI_151m_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II Daia - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 160b19 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius, naked but for chlamys fastened at his right shoulder and hanging from his left shoulder, standing facing, head left, wearing modius, holding head of Serapis, which faces him, in right hand and ornate cornucopia in left arm behind
Minted in Alexandria (* / N / Branch | G // ALE).
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 160b
maridvnvm
RI_151i_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II Daia - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 162b 29 viewsObv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius, naked but for chlamys fastened at his right shoulder and hanging from his left shoulder, standing facing, head left, wearing modius, holding head of Serapis, which faces him, in right hand and ornate cornucopia in left arm behind
Minted in Alexandria (* / N / Branch | Z / Wreath // ALE).
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 162b
maridvnvm
RI 151b img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II Daia - RIC Alexandria 099a110 viewsObv:– GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO CAESARIS, Genius standing left
Minted in Alexandria (K in left field, Δ over P in right field, ALE in exe), Group IV, 4th Officina between December 308 –310 A.D.
References:– RIC Alexandria 99a (Common)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
IMG_4334~0.jpg
151. Diocletian (284-305 A.D.)41 viewsAv.: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Rv.: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Left: XX / Right: delta over I
Ex.: ALE

AE Follis Ø26 / 11.1g
RIC VI 32a Alexandria
Juancho
RI 155d img.jpg
155 - Licinius - RIC VII Alexandria 018183 viewsAE Reduced Follis
Obv:– IMP C VAL LICINIVS P F AVG, Laureate head of Valens (?) right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter, standing, head left, with Victory on globe, eagle with wreath at feet
Minted in Alexandria (K in left field | wreath over X over A in right field / ALE in exe.) in A.D. 316/7
References:– RIC VII Alexandria 18 (Scarce)
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_155ai_img.jpg
155 - Licinius I - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 101b 9 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO IMPE-RATORIS, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in Alexandria (K | S/ P // ALE). A.D. 308-310
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 101b (Rated C for IMP-ER but noted as occurring rarely for IMPE-R)
maridvnvm
RI_155ah_img.jpg
155 - Licinius I - Follis - RIC VII Alexandria 1010 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI CONSER-VATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, holding Victory on globe and sceptre; eagle with wreath at foot left
Minted in Alexandria (_ | Wreath over Delta over N / ALE). A.D. 314
Reference(s) – RIC VII Alexandria 10 (R2)
maridvnvm
RI_155al_img.jpg
155 - Licinius I - Follis - RIC VII Alexandria 10 28 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI CONSER-VATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, holding Victory on globe and sceptre; eagle with wreath at foot left
Minted in Alexandria (_ | Wreath over B over N / ALE). A.D. 314
Reference(s) – RIC VII Alexandria 10 (R2)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_155an_img.jpg
155 - Licinius I - Follis - RIC VII Alexandria 14 13 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI CONSER-VATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, holding Victory on globe and sceptre; eagle with wreath at foot left
Minted in Alexandria (K | Wreath over A over X // ALE). A.D. 315-316
Reference(s) – RIC VII Alexandria 14 (R2)
maridvnvm
RI_155v_img.jpg
155 - Maximinus II - RIC VI Alexandria 099a16 viewsFollis
Obv:- GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right
Rev:- GENIO CAESARIS, Genius standing left
Minted in Alexandria, (K | D / P). Group IV. December A.D. 308 - 310
Reference(s) – RIC Alexandria 99a

Weight 7.43g. 23.83mm. 0 degrees
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_155w_img~0.jpg
155 - Maximinus II - RIC VI Alexandria 149b10 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius, naked but for chlamys fastened at his right shoulder and hanging from his left shoulder, standing facing, head left, wearing modius, holding head of Serapis, which faces him, in right hand and ornate cornucopia in left arm behind
Minted in Alexandria (X / G // ALE). Minted in A.D. 312
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 149b

Weight 4.53g. 22.72mm. 180 degrees
1 commentsmaridvnvm
IMG_4545.JPG
156. Constantius I Chlorus (293-306 A.D.)27 viewsAv.: IMP C CONSTANTIVS PF AVG
Rv.: CONCORDIA MILITVM
Centre: B
Ex.: ALE

AE Follis Ø19-22 / 2.7g
RIC VI 59A Alexandria
Juancho
RI 157e img.jpg
157 - Licinius II - RIC Alexandria 02553 viewsObv:– D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, Laureate bust left, draped, holding orb and scepter and mappa
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS, Jupiter standing left, holding globe and scepter
Minted in Alexandria (Crescent in left field, B in right field, SMAL in exe.) in A.D. 317-320

Not in great condition but a scarce coin.
References:– RIC Alexandria 25 (R2)

(SOLD)
maridvnvm
IMG_4350~0.jpg
159. Galerius (293-311 A.D.)20 viewsAv.: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Rv.: GENIO IMPERATORIS
Left: K / Right: digamma over P (6. Officine)
Ex.:ALE

AE Follis Ø25 / 6.4g
RIC VI 101a Alexandria
Juancho
RI_160ge_img.jpg
160 - Constantime the Great - AE3 - RIC VII Alexandria 045 13 viewsAE3
Obv:– CONSTAN-TINVS AVG; Laureate head right
Rev:– PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG; Camp gate with two turrets, no doors, 7 stone layers, star above
Minted in Alexandria (Wreath|B// SMAL).A.D. 327-328
Reference:– RIC VII Alexandria 45 (R2).
maridvnvm
RI_160gf_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VI 138 var. (unlisted officina).18 viewsAE Follis
Obv:– FL VALERIVS CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– BONO GENIO PII IMPERATORIS, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in Alexandria (crescent / K | G / P //ALE)
Reference:– RIC VI 138 var. (unlisted officina).

26.94 mm, 6.05g, 0 degrees
maridvnvm
RI_160fs_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Alexandria 161 16 viewsFollis
Obv:– FL VALER CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius, naked but for chlamys fastened at his right shoulder and hanging from his left shoulder, standing facing, head left, wearing modius, holding head of Serapis, which faces him, in right hand and ornate cornucopia in left arm behind
Minted in Alexandria (* / N / Palm | A // ALE). A.D. 312 - 313
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 161 (S)
maridvnvm
RI 160ae img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Alexandria 02232 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate bust left, draped mappa, orb and scepter
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on a globe and scepter
Minted in Alexandria, crescent in left field, B in right field, SMAL in exe
Reference:– RIC VII Alexandria 22 (R3)
maridvnvm
RI 160ah img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Alexandria 03419 viewsObv:– CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:–.PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, Campgate with five rows, two turrets, no doors, star above.
Minted in Alexandria (SMALB in exe.)
Reference:– RIC VII Alexandria 34
maridvnvm
RI_160fr_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Alexandria 34 25 viewsAE3
Obv:– CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, Campgate with five rows, two turrets, no doors, star above.
Minted in Alexandria (SMALA).
Reference:– RIC VII Alexandria 34 (S)
maridvnvm
RI_161at_img.jpg
161 - Commemorative - RIC VII Alexandria 64 16 viewsAE3
Obv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted and laureate Constantinopolis bust left
Rev: None, Victory standing left on prow of a galley, holding transverse spear across her body and shield
Minted in Alexandria (//SMALB).
Reference:– RIC VII Alexandria 64 (R1)
maridvnvm
RI_161aq_img~0.jpg
161 - Constantine the Great (posthumous) - AE4 - RIC VIII 1220 viewsObv:- DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, veiled bust right
Rev:- Emperor, veiled, in quadriga right, the hand of God reaches down to him
Minted in Alexandria (//SMALA) 337 - April 340 A.D.
Reference RIC VIII Alexandria 12
maridvnvm
RI_161as_img.jpg
161 - Constantine the Great (posthumous) - AE4 - RIC VIII 3236 viewsAE4
Obv: DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, veiled bust right
Rev: VN | MR, Emperor veiled standing right
Minted in Alexandria (//SMALD) 337 - April 340 A.D
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 32
3 commentsmaridvnvm
rjb_2009_08_17.jpg
161b12 viewsLucius Verus 161-9 AD
AE drachm
Alexandria
Year 5
Rev: Nike seated left holding wreath and palm branch
Milne 2521
mauseus
RI_162e_img.jpg
162 - Fausta - AE3 - RIC VII Alexandria 40 16 viewsAE3
Obv:– FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left with two children in her arms
Minted in Alexandria (//SMALA), A.D. 325 – A.D. 326
Reference(s) – RIC VII Alexandria 40 (R4)
maridvnvm
IMG_8388.JPG
162. Severus II (305-307 A.D.)9 viewsAv.: FL VAL SEVERVS NOB CAES
Rv.: CONCORDIA MILITVM
Centre: delta
Ex.: ALE

AE Antoninianus Ø20-22 / 2.9g
RIC VI 60A Alexandria
Juancho
RI_163j_img.jpg
163 - Helena - AE3 - RIC VII Alexandria 48 42 viewsAE3
Obv:– FL HELENA AVGVSTA, Diademed, draped bust right
Rev:– SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE, Securitas, standing left, holding branch
Minted in Alexandria (Wreath | B //SMAL). A.D. 327-328
Reference:– RIC VII Alexandria 48 (R4); LRBC 1417
4 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_168bd_img.jpg
168 - Constantine II - AE3 - RIC VII Alexandria 59 16 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two helmeted soldiers standing with spears & shields, facing two standards between them
Minted in Alexandria (//SMALB).
Reference:– RIC VII Alexandria 59 (S)
maridvnvm
RI_168bj_img.jpg
168 - Constantine II - Follis - RIC VII Alexandria 5919 viewsAE3.
Obv:- CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:- GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing facing each other, holding spears & shields, two standards between them.
Minted in Alexandria (// SMALB)
Reference:- RIC VII Alexandria 59
maridvnvm
RI_169bx_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 0459 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Minted in Alexandria; (//ALEA), A.D. 348-350
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 45 (R)

5.08 gms, 23.19 mm. 180 degrees
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169bp_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 05329 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Minted in Alexandria; (_ | * //ALED), A.D. 348-350
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 53 (R)

6.02 gms. 23.55 mm. 180 degrees
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169by_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 05313 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Minted in Alexandria; (_ | * //ALEB), A.D. 348-350
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 53 (R)

5.15 gms, 22.83 mm. 0 degrees
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169bq_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 05623 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, globe in right hand.
Rev:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor standing left, holding labarum and shield, two captives, kneeling and leaning left before him,
Minted in Alexandria, officina A; (// ALEA), A.D. 348-350 A.D.
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 56 (C)

3.50 gms. 22.02 mm. 180 degrees
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169f_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 06069 viewsObv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, globe in right hand.
Rev:- FEL TEMP REPA-RATIO, Helmeted soldier, spear in left hand, advancing right, head left; with his right hand he leads a small bare-headed figure from a hut beneath a tree. The spear points downwards, between the soldier's legs.
Minted in Alexandria, officina 3; (/ALEG), A.D. 348-350 A.D.
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 60; LRBC 2820
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169x_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 06141 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Laureate and rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, globe in right hand.
Rev:- FEL TEMP REPA-RATIO, Helmeted soldier, spear in left hand, advancing right, head left; with his right hand he leads a small bare-headed figure from a hut beneath a tree. The spear points downwards, between the soldier's legs.
Minted in Alexandria, officina A; (/ALEA), A.D. 348-350 A.D.
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 61
maridvnvm
RI_169g_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 06432 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, globe in right hand.
Rev:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor standing left, holding labarum and shield, two captives, kneeling and leaning left before him, star in left field
Minted in Alexandria, officina 3; (// ALEG), A.D. 348-350 A.D.
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 64
maridvnvm
RI_169t_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 06430 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, globe in right hand.
Rev:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor standing left, holding labarum and shield, two captives, kneeling and leaning left before him, star in left field
Minted in Alexandria, officina B; (// ALEB), A.D. 348-350 A.D.
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 64;
maridvnvm
RI_169az_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 06427 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, globe in right hand.
Rev:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor standing left, holding labarum and shield, two captives, kneeling and leaning left before him, star in left field
Minted in Alexandria; (// ALEA), A.D. 348-350 A.D.
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 64;
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169l_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 06728 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, globe in right hand.
Rev:- FEL TEMP REPA-RATIO, Helmeted soldier, spear in left hand, advancing right, head left; with his right hand he leads a small bare-headed figure from a hut beneath a tree. The spear points downwards, between the soldier's legs.
Minted in Alexandria, officina 3; (*/ALEG), A.D. 348-350 A.D.
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 67
maridvnvm
RI_169ap_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII VIII Alexandria -; 25 viewsConstans AE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Laureaare and rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, globe in right hand.
Rev:- FEL TEMP REPA-RATIO, Helmeted soldier, parazonium in left hand, advancing right, head left; with his right hand he leads a small bare-headed figure from a hut beneath a tree.
Minted in Alexandria, (/ALE Greek_Gamma)
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria -;

Unknown variation with a parazonium instead of a spear
maridvnvm
RI_169i_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE3 - RIC VIII Alexandria 20 13 viewsAE3
Obv:- CONSTANS AVG, Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:- GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two helmeted soldiers standing with spears & shields, facing a standard between them
Minted in Siscia, (// SMALG), A.D. 334-335.
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 20
maridvnvm
RI_169r_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE3/4 - RIC VIII Alexandria 2018 viewsAE3/4
Obv:- CONST-ANS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev:- GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two helmeted soldiers standing with spears & shields, facing a standard between them
Minted in Alexandria; (//SMALA)
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 20 (C2)
maridvnvm
RI_169s_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE3/4 - RIC VIII Alexandria 2015 viewsAE3/4
Obv:- CONST-ANS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev:- GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two helmeted soldiers standing with spears & shields, facing a standard between them
Minted in Alexandria; (//SMALB)
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 20 (C2)
maridvnvm
RI_169n_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE3/4 - RIC VIII Alexandria 3414 viewsAE3/4
Obv:- D N CONST-ANS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed head right.
Rev:- VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX within wreath
Minted in Alexandria,; (//SMALD), A.D. 345-357
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 34
maridvnvm
RI_170fz_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 05920 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Laureate and rosettediademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier advancing right, head left, holding spear and leading small figure from hut beneath tree
Minted in Alexandria (//ALEA).
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 59
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170ez_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 072 var25 viewsÆ Centenionalis
Obv:- D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO (but Rs seem to be made from Retrograde Ns), Helmeted soldier left, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman; shield at ground to right. Horseman turns to face the soldier, and reaches his left arm up towards him. He wears a is bare headed and a bearded
Minted in Alexandria (G | // ALEA). 15th March A.D. 351 - 6th November A.D. 355
References:- RIC VIII Alexandria 72 var. Cohen 46 var, LRBC 2836 var.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170cg_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 5419 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Laureate and rosette diadem, draped, cuirassed, globe in hand
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with chi-rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets kneeling, facing each other before him
Minted in Alexandria (//ALEA). 348 - 350 AD.
Reference:- RIC VIII Alexandria 54
maridvnvm
RI_170ap_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 55 34 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Laureate and rosette diadem, draped, cuirassed, globe in hand
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with chi-rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets kneeling, facing each other before him
Minted in Alexandria (//ALEGamma). 348 - 350 AD.
Reference:- RIC VIII Alexandria 55
maridvnvm
RI_170bs_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 66 var 49 viewsAe2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe
Rev:– FEL . TEMP . REPARATIO, Soldier advancing right, head left, holding spear and leading small figure from hut beneath tree
Minted in Alexandria (* //ALED).
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 66 var (RIC 66 rated S, Not listed for this officina in RIC)
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170al_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 7246 viewsÆ Centenionalis.
Obv:- D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman left
Minted in Alexandria (G | // ALEA). 15th March A.D. 351 - 6th November A.D. 355
RIC VIII Alexandria 72. Cohen 46, LRBC 2836.

24.13 mm
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170bc_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 7244 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman left
Minted in Alexandria (G | // ALED). 15th March A.D. 351 - 6th November A.D. 355
References:- RIC VIII Alexandria 72. Cohen 46, LRBC 2836.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170bi_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 7234 viewsÆ Centenionalis
Obv:- D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Helmeted soldier left, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman; shield at ground to right. Horseman turns to face the soldier, and reaches his left arm up towards him. He is bare headed and has a beard
Minted in Alexandria (G | _ // ALEG).
References:- RIC VIII Alexandria 72
maridvnvm
RI_170eo_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 7221 viewsÆ Centenionalis.
Obv:- D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman left
Minted in Alexandria (G | // ALED). 15th March A.D. 351 - 6th November A.D. 355
RIC VIII Alexandria 72. Cohen 46, LRBC 2836.

22.57 mm. 7.07 gms. 0 degrees.

The engraving of the legends is not as well executed as on my other examples.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170bm_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 7530 viewsAE3
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right (Delta behind bust)
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Helmeted soldier left, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman; shield at ground to right. Horseman turns to face the soldier, and reaches his left arm up towards him. He is bare headed
Minted in Alexandria (//ALED).
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 75 (C2)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170bf_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 8020 viewsÆ Centenionalis
Obv:- D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Helmeted soldier left, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman; shield at ground to right. Horseman turns to face the soldier, and reaches his left arm up towards him. He wears a Phrygian hemlet and is beardless
Minted in Alexandria (_ | _ // ALEA).
References:- RIC VIII Alexandria 80.
maridvnvm
RI_170cj_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 8020 viewsAE3
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Helmeted soldier left, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman; shield at ground to right. Horseman turns to face the soldier, and reaches his left arm up towards him. He is bare headed
Minted in Alexandria (//ALEG).
Reference:- RIC VIII Alexandria 80
maridvnvm
RI_170ak_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE3 - RIC VII Alexandria 60 18 viewsAE3
Obv:– FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two helmeted soldiers standing with spears & shields, facing two standards between them
Minted in Alexandria (//SMALB).
Reference:– RIC VII Alexandria 60 (S)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170ed_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE3/4 - RIC VIII VIII Alexandria 084 var24 viewsAE3/4
Obv:– D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right;
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Helmeted soldier to left, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman; shield on ground at right. Horseman is bare headed and reaches back towards the emperor
Minted in Alexandria (M | _ // ALEA).
Reference:- RIC VIII Alexandria 84 var (84 wears cap)

2.74 gms. 16.63 mm. 180 degrees.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_175r_img.jpg
175 - Constantius Gallus - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 074 corr. 34 viewsAE2
Obv:– DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES, Bare, bust draped and cuirassed right
Rev:– FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman, who is bare headed, reaching back towards the emperor
Minted in Alexandria (G|_//ALED),
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 74 corr. (C2)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_175ae_img.jpg
175 - Constantius Gallus - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 07722 viewsAE2
Obv:– DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES, Bare, bust draped and cuirassed right; Delta behind bust
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman, who is wearing a Phrygian cap, reaching back towards soldier
Minted in Alexandria (// ALED),
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 77 (C2)

4.64g. 21.17 mm. 0 degrees.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_175h_img.jpg
175 - Constantius Gallus - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 079 var. 27 viewsAE2
Obv:– DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES, Bare, bust draped and cuirassed right
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman, who is bare headed, reaching back towards soldier
Minted in Alexandria (Dot S Dot | _ // ALEA),
Reference:– cf RIC VIII Alexandria 79 (C2) where soldier wears peaked cap
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_175p_img.jpg
175 - Constantius Gallus - AE3 - RIC VIII Alexandria 081 22 viewsAE3
Obv:– DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES, Bare, bust draped and cuirassed right
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman, who is bare headed, reaching back towards the emperor (horseman wears Phrygian helmet)
Minted in Alexandria (//ALED),
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 81 (C2)
maridvnvm
RI_176e_img.jpg
176 - Julian II - AE3 - RIC VIII Alexandria 85 28 viewsAE3
Obv:– D N IVLIANVS NOB CAES, Bare headed draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spears a horseman on left, one hand holding the neck of the horse & the other back at his attacker
Minted in Alexandria (M | _ // ALED), 6th November A.D. 355 - 3rd November A.D. 361
Reference(s) – RIC VIII Alexandria 85 (S)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Honorius_AE-3_DN-HONORI-VS-PF-AVG_GLORI-A-ROMA-NORVM_Star_ALEA_RIC-X-157(Arcadius)-p-252_Alexandria_406-8-AD_Q-001_0h_13,7mm_1,66g-s.jpg
179 Honorius ( 393-423 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC X 157 (Arcadius), -/-//ALEA, AE-3, GLORIA ROMANORVM, Three emperors standing side by side, Scarce! #194 views179 Honorius ( 393-423 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC X 157 (Arcadius), -/-//ALEA, AE-3, GLORIA ROMANORVM, Three emperors standing side by side, Scarce! #1
avers:- D N HONORI VS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, star behind head.
revers:- GLORI A ROMA NORVM, Three emperors ( Arcadius, Honorius, and Theodosius II ) standing side by side holding spears, the two outer ones taller, each resting hand on shield, the middle one holding a globe.
exerg: -/-//ALEA, diameter: 13,7 mm, weight: 1,66g, axes: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date:406-408 A.D., ref: RIC X 157 (Arcadius), p-252, Scarce!
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
IMG_3016.JPG
180 Septimius Severus18 viewsSeptimius Severus
AD 193 - AD 195
IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG: Head of Septimius Severus, laureate, right / AEQVITAS II: Aequitas, draped, standing left, holding scales in right hand and cornucopiae in left hand

RIC 344
Alexandria
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
RI_182d_img.jpg
182 - Valentinian II - AE3 - RIC IX Alexandria 9b 20 viewsAE3
Obv:- DN VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev:- CONCOR-DIA AVGGG, Roma, helmeted, seated facing, head left, holding globe and spear, the lower part of which is hidden by her robe, right leg bare.
Minted in Alexandria (//ALEB) A.D. 378-383
Reference:- RIC IX Alexandria 9b (rated scarce)

2.29 gms. 21.09 mm. 180 degrees

Appears to be overstruck on an earlier SECVRITAS - REIPVBLICAE type with parttial legends from the undertype reverse and the head of Victory visible at the front of the neck of the bust.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_183d_img.jpg
183 - Theodosius I - AE4 - RIC IX Alexandria 13c 11 viewsAE4
Obv:– D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VOT / X / MVLT / XX within wreath
Minted in Alexandria (//ALEGamma). 9th August A.D. 378 - 25th August A.D. 383
Reference(s) – RIC IX Alexandria 13c (R)
maridvnvm
439Hadrian_RIC19.jpg
19 ANONYMOUS. Period of Domitian to Antoninus Pius, Quadrans Circa 81-161 AD Mars29 viewsReference.
RIC 19 (pag. 218); Cohen 26; Weigel 10

Obv.
Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars right

Rev. S-C
Cuirass.

2.41 gr
18 mm
12h

Note from CNG.
Under Trajan and Hadrian several series of bronze quadrantes were struck in the names of the imperial mines in Noricum, Dalmatia, Pannonia and Moesia (Dardania). These operations supplied metal for the mint at Rome, and perhaps were the sites of workshops to produce coinage for local circulation or as donatives. Some scholars believe these pieces were struck at Rome itself, and served some unidentified function, much as the contemporary "nome" coinage struck at Alexandria in Egypt. Whatever the circumstances, these pieces saw limited use, and, except for one rare type struck by Marcus Aurelius, were not issued at any other period.
2 commentsokidoki
IMG_4323.jpg
19 Constantius Gallus23 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching
ALEA / Gama left
Alexandria 74
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
p_033.JPG
19 Constantius II99 viewsConstantius II Æ Centenionalis. 351-355 AD. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman left, ALEA in ex. Alexandria 72 var (headwear)Randygeki(h2)
cnfhalb9.JPG
19 Constantius II57 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing Horseman, bearded, 2 braids, reaching,
ALEB in ex. Γ in left field

Alexandria 72 var (headwear)
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
rjb_sev_east_09_07.jpg
193b50 viewsSeptimius Severus 193-211 AD
AR denarius
Obv "IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II"
Laureate bust right
Rev "LEG XIIII GEM M V TRP COS"
Legionary eagle between two standards
Alexandria mint
RIC 397
1 commentsmauseus
Cleopatra80DrachEagle.jpg
1ad Cleopatra VII55 views51-29 BC

Alexandria, 80 Drachmai

Diademed, draped bust, right, KLEOPATRAS BASILIS[SHS]
Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, cornucopia in left field, mark of value P (= 80) in right field

Svoronos 1871

Plutarch wrote: [Cleopatra] was to meet Antony in the time of life when women's beauty is most splendid, and their intellects are in full maturity. . . . She received several letters, both from Antony and from his friends, to summon her, but she took no account of these orders; and at last, as if in mockery of them, she came sailing up the river Cydnus, in a barge with gilded stern and outspread sails of purple, while oars of silver beat time to the music of flutes and fifes and harps. She herself lay all along under a canopy of cloth of gold, dressed as Venus in a picture, and beautiful young boys, like painted Cupids, stood on each side to fan her. Her maids were dressed like sea nymphs and graces, some steering at the rudder, some working at the ropes. The perfumes diffused themselves from the vessel to the shore, which was covered with multitudes, part following the galley up the river on either bank, part running out of the city to see the sight. The market-place was quite emptied, and Antony at last was left alone sitting upon the tribunal; while the word went through all the multitude, that Venus was come to feast with Bacchus, for the common good of Asia. On her arrival, Antony sent to invite her to supper. She thought it fitter he should come to her; so, willing to show his good-humour and courtesy, he complied, and went. . . . For her actual beauty, it is said, was not in itself so remarkable that none could be compared with her, or that no one could see her without being struck by it, but the contact of her presence, if you lived with her, was irresistible; the attraction of her person, joining with the charm of her conversation, and the character that attended all she said or did, was something bewitching. It was a pleasure merely to hear the sound of her voice, with which, like an instrument of many strings, she could pass from one language to another; so that there were few of the barbarian nations that she answered by an interpreter. . . .
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GermanicusAsSC.jpg
1an Germanicus36 viewsAdopted by Tiberius in 4 AD, died mysteriously in 19

As, struck by Caligula

Bare head, left, GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVGVST F DIVI AVG N
C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT SC

RIC 57

Germanicus Julius Caesar (c16 BC-AD 19) was was born in Lugdunum, Gaul (modern Lyon). At birth he was named either Nero Claudius Drusus after his father or Tiberius Claudius Nero after his uncle. He received the agnomen Germanicus, in 9 BC, when it was posthumously awarded to his father in honour of his victories in Germania. Germanicus was the grandson-in-law and great-nephew of the Emperor Augustus, nephew and adoptive son of the Emperor Tiberius, father of the Emperor Caligula, brother of the Emperor Claudius, and the maternal grandfather of the Emperor Nero. He married his maternal second cousin Agrippina the Elder, a granddaughter of Augustus, between 5 and 1 BC. The couple had nine children. Two died very young; another, Gaius Julius Caesar, died in early childhood. The remaining six were: Nero Caesar, Drusus Caesar, the Emperor Caligula, the Empress Agrippina the Younger, Julia Drusilla, and Julia Livilla.

According to Suetonius: Germanicus, who was the son of Drusus the Elder and Antonia the Younger, was adopted (in 4AD) by Germanicus’s paternal uncle, Tiberius. He served as quaestor (in7AD) five years before the legal age and became consul (in12AD) without holding the intermediate offices. On the death of Augustus (in AD14) he was appointed to command the army in Germany, where, his filial piety and determination vying for prominence, he held the legions to their oath, though they stubbornly opposed Tiberius’s succession, and wished him to take power for himself.

He followed this with victory in Germany, for which he celebrated a triumph (in 17 AD), and was chosen as consul for a second time (18 AD) though unable to take office as he was despatched to the East to restore order there. He defeated the forces of the King of Armenia, and reduced Cappadocia to provincial status, but then died at Antioch, at the age of only thirty-three (in AD 19), after a lingering illness, though there was also suspicion that he had been poisoned. For as well as the livid stains which covered his body, and the foam on his lips, the heart was found entire among the ashes after his cremation, its total resistance to flame being a characteristic of that organ, they say, when it is filled with poison.

All considered Germanicus exceptional in body and mind, to a quite outstanding degree. Remarkably brave and handsome; a master of Greek and Latin oratory and learning; singularly benevolent; he was possessed of a powerful desire and vast capacity for winning respect and inspiring affection.

His scrawny legs were less in keeping with the rest of his figure, but he gradually fleshed them out by assiduous exercise on horseback after meals. He often killed enemy warriors in hand-to-hand combat; still pleaded cases in the courts even after receiving his triumph; and left various Greek comedies behind amongst other fruits of his studies.

At home and abroad his manners were unassuming, such that he always entered free or allied towns without his lictors.

Whenever he passed the tombs of famous men, he always offered a sacrifice to their shades. And he was the first to initiate a personal search for the scattered remains of Varus’s fallen legionaries, and have them gathered together, so as to inter them in a single burial mound.

As for Germanicus, Tiberius appreciated him so little, that he dismissed his famous deeds as trivial, and his brilliant victories as ruinous to the Empire. He complained to the Senate when Germanicus left for Alexandria (AD19) without consulting him, on the occasion there of a terrible and swift-spreading famine. It was even believed that Tiberius arranged for his poisoning at the hands of Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso, the Governor of Syria, and that Piso would have revealed the written instructions at his trial, had Tiberius not retrieved them during a private interview, before having Piso put to death. As a result, the words: ‘Give us back Germanicus!’ were posted on the walls, and shouted at night, all throughout Rome. The suspicion surrounding Germanicus’ death (19 AD) was deepened by Tiberius’s cruel treatment of Germanicus’s wife, Agrippina the Elder, and their children.
1 commentsBlindado
AgrippinaObol.jpg
1aq Agrippina junior31 viewsMarried Claudius 49 AD

Diobol of Alexandria

Draped bust right, wreathed with corn, hair bound in plait behind, AGRIPPEINA CЄBACTH
Draped bust of Euthenia right, wreathed with corn, holding ears of corn, ЄYQH-NIA across fields, L-IB below

Milne 124

Agrippina the Younger, Julia Agrippina, or Agrippinilla (Little Agrippina) after 50 AD known as Julia Augusta Agrippina (c16 AD –59) was sister of Caligula, niece and fourth wife of Claudius and the mother of Nero. In 28, Tiberius arranged for Agrippina to marry her paternal second cousin Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus. Their only son was named Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, after Domitius’s recently deceased father. This child would become the Emperor Nero. In 39, Agrippina and her sister Livilla, with their maternal cousin, Drusilla’s widower, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, were involved in a failed plot to murder Caligula, and make Lepidus emperor. Lepidus was executed. Agrippina and Livilla were exiled by their brother to the Pontine Islands.

Suetonius says, "But it was Agrippina the Younger, his brother Germanicus’s daughter, who ensnared him, assisted by a niece’s privilege of exchanging kisses and endearments. At the next Senate meeting, he primed a group of Senators to propose that he ought to marry Agrippina, as it was in the public interest, and that such marriages between uncle and niece should from then on be regarded as lawful, and no longer incestuous. He married her (AD 49) with barely a day’s delay, but only one freedman and one leading centurion married their respective nieces, to follow suit. Claudius himself, with Agrippina, attended the centurion’s wedding."

The Euthenia reverse reminds one of "euthanasia." which is what some suspect she did to Claudius to elevate her son Nero to the purple.
Blindado
NeroAsGenAug.jpg
1ar Nero51 views54-68

As

Bare head, right, IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P MAX TR P P P
Genius, GENIO AVGVSTI

RIC 86

Suetonius wrote: Nero was born nine months after the death of Tiberius, at Antium, at sunrise on the 15th of December (AD 37). . . . While he was still a young stripling he took part in a successful performance of the Troy Game in the Circus, in which he exhibited great self-possession. At the age of twelve or so (sometime in AD 50), he was adopted by Claudius, who appointed Annaeus Seneca, already a member of the Senate, as his tutor. The following night, it is said, Seneca dreamed that his young charge was really Caligula, and Nero soon proved the dream prophetic by seizing the first opportunity to reveal his cruel disposition. . . . After Claudius’s death (AD 54) had been announced publicly, Nero, who was not quite seventeen years old, decided to address the Guards in the late afternoon, since inauspicious omens that day had ruled out an earlier appearance. After being acclaimed Emperor on the Palace steps, he was carried in a litter to the Praetorian Camp where he spoke to the Guards, and then to the House where he stayed until evening. He refused only one of the many honours that were heaped upon him, that of ‘Father of the Country’, and declined that simply on account of his youth.

Eutropius summarized: To him succeeded NERO, who greatly resembled his uncle Caligula, and both disgraced and weakened the Roman empire; he indulged in such extraordinary luxury and extravagance, that, after the example of Caius Caligula, he even bathed in hot and cold perfumes, and fished with golden nets, which he drew up with cords of purple silk. He put to death a very great number of the senate. To all good men he was an enemy. At last he exposed himself in so disgraceful a manner, that he danced and sung upon the stage in the dress of a harp-player and tragedian. He was guilty of many murders, his brother, wife, and mother, being put to death by him. He set on fire the city of Rome, that he might enjoy the sight of a spectacle such as Troy formerly presented when taken and burned.

In military affairs he attempted nothing. Britain he almost lost; for two of its most noble towns4 were taken and levelled to the ground under his reign. The Parthians took from him Armenia, and compelled the Roman legions to pass under the yoke. Two provinces however were formed under him; Pontus Polemoniacus, by the concession of King Polemon; and the Cottian Alps, on the death of King Cottius.

15 When, having become detestable by such conduct to the city of Rome, and being deserted at the same time by every one, and declared an enemy by the senate, he was sought for to be led to punishment (the punishment being, that he should be dragged naked through the streets, with a fork placed under his head,5 be beaten to death with rods, and then hurled from the Tarpeian rock), he fled from the palace, and killed himself in a suburban villa of one of his freed-men, between the Salarian and Nomentane roads, at the fourth milestone from the city. He built those hot baths at Rome, which were formerly called the Neronian, but now the Alexandrian. He died in the thirty-second year of his age, and the fourteenth year of his reign; and in him all the family of Augustus became extinct.

Having successfully dispatched his scheming mother Agrippina in 59 and survived a decade on the throne, Nero must have felt like a genius when this was minted ca 64 AD!
1 commentsBlindado
DomitianAsMoneta.jpg
1az Domitian20 views81-96

As

Laureate head right, IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XV CENS PER P P
Moneta std, MONETA AVGVSTI S C

RIC 708

Suetonius wrote: Domitian was born on the 24th of October AD51, a month before his father Vespasian took up office as consul. . . . When Vespasian died, Domitian considered granting his soldiers twice the bounty offered by his brother Titus, and had no qualms in claiming that his father’s will had been tampered with, since he had been due a half-share of the Empire. From then on, he plotted continually against his brother, openly and in secret. When Titus was gripped by his fatal illness, Domitian ordered him to be left for dead, before he had actually breathed his last. . . .

He governed inconsistently, displaying a mixture of virtue and vice, but after some time his virtues too gave way to vice, since he seems to have been made avaricious through lack of funds, and cruel through fear, contrary to his natural disposition. . . . Domitian was diligent and conscientiousness in his administration of justice, often holding special sittings on the tribunal in the Forum. . . . [I]n his private life, and even for some time after becoming Emperor, he was considered free of greed and avarice; and indeed often showed proof not only of moderation, but of real generosity. . . . His moderation and clemency however were not destined to last, his predilection to cruelty appearing somewhat sooner than his avarice. . . . In this way he became an object of terror to all, and so hated that he was finally brought down by a conspiracy of his companions and favourite freedmen, which also involved his wife, Domitia Longina.

Domitian was tall, and of a ruddy complexion, with large rather weak eyes, and a modest expression. He was handsome and attractive when young, his whole body well-made except for his feet with their short toes. Later, he lost his hair, and developed a protruding belly, while his legs became thin and spindly after a long illness. . . . He found exercise intolerable, seldom walked when in Rome and while travelling and on campaign rarely rode but used a litter. Weaponry in general held no interest for him, though he was exceptionally keen on archery. There are plenty of witnesses to his killing a hundred wild creatures or more at a time on his Alban estate, bringing them down with successive arrows planted so deftly as to give the effect of horns. . . .

At the beginning of his reign, he had the libraries, which had been damaged by fire, restored at great expense, instituting a search for copies of lost works, and sending scribes to Alexandria to transcribe and edit them. Yet he himself neglected liberal studies, and never bothered to interest himself in history or poetry, or even to acquire a decent writing style.
Blindado
CaracallaDenMars.jpg
1bu Caracalla29 views198-217

Denarius

Laureate head, right, ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT
Mars, MARTI PROPVGNATORI

RIC 223

The Historia Augusta, in the life of Severus, records: As he was advancing against Albinus, moreover, and had reached Viminacium 4 on his march, he gave his elder son Bassianus the name Aurelius Antoninus 5 and the title of Caesar, in order to destroy whatever hopes of succeeding to the throne his brother Geta had conceived. His reason for giving his son the name Antoninus was that he had dreamed that an Antoninus would succeed him. It was because of this dream, some believe, that Geta also was called Antoninus, in order that he too might succeed to the throne. . . . [After defeating Niger], he bestowed the. toga virilis on his younger son, Geta, and he united his elder son in marriage with Plautianus' daughter [Plautilla]. . . . Soon thereafter he appointed his sons to the consulship ; also he greatly honored his brother Geta. . . . Severus [in 198] invaded Parthia, defeated the king, and came to Ctesiphon; and about the beginning of the winter season he took the city. For this feat, likewise, the soldiers declared his son, Bassianus Antoninus, co-emperor; he had already been named Caesar and was now in his thirteenth year. And to Geta, his younger son, they gave the name Caesar. . . .

In the life of Caracalla, the history continues: He himself in his boyhood was winsome and clever, respectful to his parents and courteous to his parents' friends, beloved by the people, popular with the senate, and well able to further his own interests in winning affection. Never did he seem backward in letters or slow in deeds of kindness, never niggardly in largess or tardy in forgiving at least while under his parents. . . . All this, however, was in his boyhood. For when
he passed beyond the age of a boy, either by his father's advice or through a natural cunning, or because he thought that he must imitate Alexander of Macedonia,he became more reserved and stern and even somewhat savage in expression. . . .

After his father's death he went to the Praetorian Camp and complained there to the soldiers that his brother was forming a conspiracy against him. And so he had his brother slain in the Palace. . . . After this he committed many further murders in the city, causing many persons far and wide to be seized by soldier sand killed, as though he were punishing a rebellion. . . . After doing all this he set out for Gaul and immediately upon his arrival there killed the proconsul of Narbonensis. . . . Then he made ready for a journey to the Orient, but interrupted his march and stopped in Dacia. . . . Then he journeyed through Thrace accompanied by the prefect of the guard. . . . After this, turning to the war with the Armenians and Parthians, he appointed as military commander a man whose character resembled his own. . . . Then he betook himself to Alexandria. . . . [H]e issued an order to his soldiers to slay their hosts and thus caused great slaughter at Alexandria. . . . Next he advanced through the lands of the Cadusii and the Babylonians and waged a guerilla-warfare with the Parthian satraps, in which wild beasts were even let loose against the enemy. He then sent a letter to the senate as though he had won a real victory and thereupon was given the name Parthicus. . . .

After this he wintered at Edessa with the intention of renewing the war against the Parthians. During this time, on the eighth day before the Ides of April, the feast of the Megalensia and his own birthday, while on a journey to Carrhae to do honor to the god Lunus, he stepped aside to satisfy the needs of nature and was thereupon assassinated by the treachery of Macrinus the prefect of the guard, who after his death seized the imperial power.
1 commentsBlindado
DiocletianAntConcordMil.jpg
1ds Diocletian13 views284-305

AE antoninianus

Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust, right, IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Zeus and Diocletian, CONCORDIA MILITVM

RIC 284B

According to the Historia Augusta, after the death of Numerian: Then a huge assembly was held and a tribunal, too, was constructed. And when the question was asked who would be the most lawful avenger of Numerian and who could be given to the commonwealth as a good emperor, then all, with a heaven-sent unanimity, conferred the title of Augustus on Diocletian. . . . He was at this time in command of the household-troops, an outstanding man and wise, devoted to the commonwealth, devoted to his kindred, duly prepared to face whatever the occasion demanded, forming plans that were always deep though sometimes over-bold, and one who could by prudence and exceeding firmness hold in check the impulses of a restless spirit. This man, then, having ascended the tribunal was hailed as Augustus, and when someone asked how Numerian had been slain, he drew his sword and pointing to Aper, the prefect of the guard, he drove it through him, saying as he did so, "It is he who contrived Numerian's death.''

Eutropius summarized a long and important reign: DIOCLETIAN, a native of Dalmatia, [was] of such extremely obscure birth, that he is said by most writers to have been the son of a clerk, but by some to have been a freedman of a senator named Anulinus. . . . He soon after overthrew Carinus, who was living under the utmost hatred and detestation, in a great battle at Margum, Carinus being betrayed by his own troops, for though he had a greater number of men than the enemy, he was altogether abandoned by them between Viminacium and mount Aureus. He thus became master of the Roman empire; and when the peasants in Gaul made an insurrection, giving their faction the name of Bagaudae, and having for leaders Amandus and Aelianus, he despatched Maximian Herculius, with the authority of Caesar, to suppress them. Maximian, in a few battles of little importance, subdued the rustic multitude, and restored peace to Gaul. . . .

Diocletian promoted MAXIMIAN HERCULIUS from the dignity of Caesar to that of emperor, and created Constantius and Maximian Galerius Caesars, of whom Constantius is said to have been the grand-nephew of Claudius by a daughter, and Maximian Galerius to have been born in Dacia not far from Sardica. That he might also unite them by affinity, Constantius married Theodora the step-daughter of Herculius, by whom he had afterwards six children, brothers to Constantine; while Galerius married Valeria, the daughter of Diocletian; both being obliged to divorce the wives that they had before. . . .

Diocletian, meanwhile, besieging Achilleus in Alexandria, obliged him to surrender about eight months after, and put him to death. He used his victory, indeed, cruelly, and distressed all Egypt with severe proscriptions and massacres. Yet at the same time he made many judicious arrangements and regulations, which continue to our own days. . . .

Diocletian was of a crafty disposition, with much sagacity, and keen penetration. He was willing to gratify his own disposition to cruelty in such a way as to throw the odium upon others; he was however a very active and able prince. He was the first that introduced into the Roman empire a ceremony suited rather to royal usages than to Roman liberty, giving orders that he should be adored, whereas all emperors before him were only saluted. He put ornaments of precious stones on his dress and shoes, when the imperial distinction had previously been only in the purple robe, the rest of the habit being the same as that of other men. . . .

But when Diocletian, as age bore heavily upon him, felt himself unable to sustain the government of the empire, he suggested to Herculius that they should both retire into private life, and commit the duty of upholding the state to more vigorous and youthful hands. With this suggestion his colleague reluctantly complied. Both of them, in the same day, exchanged the robe of empire for an ordinary dress, Diocletian at Nicomedia, Herculius at Milan, soon after a magnificent triumph which they celebrated at Rome over several nations, with a noble succession of pictures, and in which the wives, sisters, and children of Narseus were led before their chariots. The one then retired to Salonae, and the other into Lucania.

Diocletian lived to an old age in a private station, at a villa which is not far from Salonae, in honourable retirement, exercising extraordinary philosophy, inasmuch as he alone of all men, since the foundation of the Roman empire, voluntarily returned from so high a dignity to the condition of private life, and to an equality with the other citizens. That happened to him, therefore, which had happened to no one since men were created, that, though he died in a private condition, he was enrolled among the gods.
Blindado
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2 Constantius II51 viewsConstantius II AE2. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, laureate, rosette-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust left, holding globe / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding labarum in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets kneeling, facing each other before him, ALEA in ex. Alexandria
RIC VIII 55

better pic
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
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2 Constantius II44 viewsConstantius II AE2. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, laureate, rosette-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust left, holding globe / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding labarum in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets kneeling, facing each other before him, ALEB in ex. Alexandria
RIC VIII 55
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
2012.JPG
2012 Highlights87 views A few favorites from 2012

1: Lucania, Metapontum didrachm, c. 350 - 330 BC

2: Julius Caesar denarius, 44 BC

3: Publius Fonteius P.f. Capito denarius, c. 55 - 54 BC

4: Tiberius, denarius, 15 - 16 AD

5: Titus, Antioch denarius, 72 - 73 AD

6: Asia Minor, Carian Islands drachm, c. 88 - 84 BC

7: Tiberius, Olba, Cilicia Æ 24, c. 14 - 16 AD

8: Caius Fonteius denarius, 114 - 113 BC

9: Severus Alexander denarius, 231 AD

10: Maximinus I, Alexandria tetradrachm, 235 - 236 AD
4 commentsSPQR Coins
RIC_0264b.jpg
202. CARACALLA251 viewsCARACALLA. 198-217 AD.

The emperor visited Alexandria for intellectual and religious reasons, staying at the Serapeum and being present at the temple's sacrifices and cultural events. Earlier, during the German war, the emperor visited the shrine of the Celtic healing-god Grannus. Caracalla also visited the famous temple of Asclepius in Pergamum and fully participated in its program, which involved sleeping inside the temple compound and having his dreams interpreted.

It was this religious devotion that led to Caracalla's murder in 217. Although suspicious of the praetorian prefect Macrinus, Caracalla allowed himself to be accompanied by only a small, select corps of bodyguards on an early spring trip from the camp at Edessa to the temple of the moon-god at Carrhae, about 25 miles away. During the journey back on 8 April 217, Caracalla was killed. The returning guards claimed the emperor was ambushed while defecating, and that the alleged assassin was one of their own, a soldier named Martialis. Martialis was himself killed by the avenging guards, or so the story went. Suspicion was strong that Macrinus arranged the entire affair.

Caracalla's violent end seemed appropriate for an emperor who, early in his reign, had his own brother killed. Yet the moralizing about fratricide by both ancient and modern historians obscures the energetic, reformist and even intellectual character of Caracalla's reign. Some of the reforms, especially the pay raise for soldiers, would prove burdensome for future emperors, but the changes brought about in the little more than five years of Caracalla's sole rule would have long-lasting implications throughout the empire for generations to come.

AR Denarius (19mm, 3.11 gm). Struck 215 AD. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, laureate head right / P M TR P XVIII COS IIII PP, Sol standing left, radiate, raising right hand and holding globe. RIC IV 264a; BMCRE 139; RSC 288. EF
Ex - CNG
2 commentsecoli73
106223.jpg
204d. Aquilia Severa65 viewsAquilia Severa

As part of this marriage of gods, Elagabalus married one of the Vestal Virgins, Julia Aquilia Severa (AD 220). In earlier days sexual relations with a Vestal Virgins meant the immediate death penalty for both her and her lover, then this marriage of the emperor only further enraged public opinion. Although the marriage between Elagabalus and Aquilia Severa went ahead, the emperor's religious aspirations for El-Gabal had to be abandoned, for fear of the public's reaction. Instead the god El-Gabal, by now known to the Romans as Elagabalus - the same name used for their emperor, - was 'married' to the less controversial moon goddess Urania.

EGYPT, Alexandria. Potin Tetradrachm (25mm, 14.54 gm). Dated year 5 (221/222 AD). Draped bust right / Eagle standing left, head right, wreath in beak. Köln 2374; Dattari 4188; Milne 2868; Curtis 1016; Emmett 3010. VF, brown patina, rough surfaces. From the Tony Hardy Collection. Ex-CNG
ecoli
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205. Severus Alexander; Alexandria, Egypt;13 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Severus Alexander. AD 222-235. BI Tetradrachm. Dated RY 7 (AD 227/8). Laureate and cuirassed bust right / Helmeted head of Athena right; LZ (date) to right. Köln -; Dattari 9873; cf. Milne 3014; Emmett 3093.7.ecoli
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205. Severus Alexander; Alexandria, Egypt;30 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Severus Alexander. AD 222-235. BI Tetradrachm (23mm, 11.66 g, 12h). Dated RY 12 (AD 232/3). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Nike seated left on cuirass, holding palm and wreath; palm to left, LI B (date) across field. Cf. Köln 2480 ; Dattari 4326; cf. Milne 3110 ; Emmett 3120.12. VF. Well struck.ecoli
22075.jpg
22075 Licinius/Jupiter10 viewsLicinius I/Jupiter
Obv: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG
Bust of Licinius, radiate, draped, cuirassed, right
Rev: IOVI CON-SERVATORI:
Jupiter, nude, chlamys draped across left shoulder, standing left, holding Victory on globe in right hand and leaning on sceptre with eagle with left hand; to left, eagle with wreath; to right, captive
X over IIMU in Right Field.
Mint:Alexandria 19.1mm 3.5g
RIC VII Alexandria 28
Blayne W
23-Constantius-II-Ale-055.jpg
23. Constantius II / Emperor and 2 captives.27 viewsMaiorina (?) (smaller AE 2), 348-350, Alexandria mint.
Obverse: DN CONSTANTIVS P F AVG / Diademed bust of Constantius II, left, holding globe.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO / Emperor standing, in military dress, holding standard, resting left hand on shield. Two bound captives at his feet.
Mint mark: ALEA
4.52 gm., 20 mm.
RIC # 55; LRBC #2814; Sear #18235.
Callimachus
rjb_phil3_01_09.jpg
24417 viewsPhilip I 244-9 AD
Billon tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Eagle standing right with palm branch behind
Year 2
Milne 3566
mauseus
rjb_phil2_01_09.jpg
24417 viewsPhilip I 244-9 AD
Billon tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Eagle standing left, head turned right, with wreath in beak
Year 3
Milne 3633
mauseus
SevAlex-tet-yr-01.jpg
26. Severus Alexander, year 01.13 viewsTetradrachm, Year 1 (March - August 222 AD), Alexandria, Egypt.
Obverse: A KAI MAP AVP CEVHP AΛEΞANΔPOC EV CEB / Laureate bust of Severus Alexander.
Reverse: L A / Dikaiosyne (Aequitas) standing, holding scales and cornucopiae.
10.92 gm., 24 mm.
Koln 2401; Dattari 4290.
Callimachus
rjb_val11_02_09.jpg
260b15 viewsSaloninus 260 AD
Billon tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Eagle standing leftt, head turned right, with wreath in beak
Year 7
Milne 4047
mauseus
rjb_2019_02_21.jpg
26812 viewsClaudius II 268-70 AD
AE tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Obv Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "LB"
Eagle standing right, head turned back, holding wreath in beak
2 commentsmauseus
rjb_2019_02_22.jpg
26813 viewsClaudius II 268-70 AD
AE tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Obv Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "LB"
Eagle standing right, head forwards, holding wreath in beak
2 commentsmauseus
SevAlex-tet-yr-02.jpg
27. Severus Alexander, year 02.9 viewsTetradrachm, Year 2 (222 / 223 AD), Alexandria, Egypt.
Obverse: A KAI MAP AVP CEVHP AΛEΞANΔPOC / Laureate bust of Severus Alexander.
Reverse: L B / Dikaiosyne (Aequitas) standing, holding scales and cornucopiae.
11.51 gm., 22 mm.
Koln 2408; Dattari 4291.
Callimachus
SevAlex-tet-yr-03.jpg
28. Severus Alexander, year 03.8 viewsTetradrachm, Year 3 (223 / 224 AD), Alexandria, Egypt.
Obverse: A KAI MAP AVP CEVHP AΛEΞANΔPOC / Laureate bust of Severus Alexander.
Reverse: L Γ / Homonoia (Concordia) standing, holding double cornucopiae.
12.67 gm., 22.5 mm.
Curtis 1072.
Callimachus
carinus tdrachm-.jpg
283-285 AD - CARINUS (as Caesar) AE Tetradrachm 22 viewsobv: A K M A KA-PINOC CEB, laureate & cuirassed bust right
rev: LA above eagle standing facing between two vexilla, head right with wreath in its beak
ref: Milne 4679
mint: Alexandria, struck 283 AD
7.14gms, 19mm
berserker
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28420 viewsDiocletian 284-305 AD
AE half follis
Obv: DN DIOCLETIANO FELISSIM
Laureate consular bust right
Rev: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM
Providentia and Quies stood facing each other
B//ALE
Alexandria Mint
RIC 87a
mauseus
diocletian tdrachm-.jpg
284-305 AD - DIOCLETIAN Potin Tetradrachm 16 viewsobv: A K GOYA L DIOKLHTIANOC CEB, laureate draped bust right
rev: L-B, Alexandria standing left holding head of Serapis & long scepter
ref: Milne 4781
mint: Alexandria, struck 286 AD
7.36gms, 19mm
berserker
maximianus tdrachm-.jpg
285-305 AD - MAXIMIANUS Potin Tetradrachm 37 viewsobv: A K M OVA MAXIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
rev: L- G, Nike advancing right holding palm & wreath
ref: Milne ?
mint: Antiochia, struck 288-298 AD
7.53gms, 19mm
berserker
rjb_2009_12_13.jpg
28613 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
Billon tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Elpis walking left
mauseus
rjb_2009_12_12.jpg
28610 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
Billon tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Eirene standing left holding transverse sceptre
mauseus
rjb_2009_12_15.jpg
2869 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
Billon tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Tyche standing left
mauseus
rjb_2009_12_14.png
28613 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
Billon tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Eagle standing left, head right
mauseus
rjb_2009_12_16.jpg
28614 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
Billon tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Nike walking right
mauseus
SevAlex-tet-yr-04.jpg
29. Severus Alexander, year 04.9 viewsTetradrachm, Year 4 (224 / 225 AD), Alexandria, Egypt.
Obverse: A KAI MAP AVP CEVHP AΛEΞANΔPOC EV CEB / Laureate bust of Severus Alexander.
Reverse: L Δ / Eagle holding wreath in its beak.
12.58 gm., 23 mm.
Koln 2418; Dattari 4408.
Callimachus
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29. Trebonianus Gallus.50 viewsAntoninianus, ca 252 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES VIB TREB GALLVS AVG / Radiate bust of Gallus.
Reverse: APOLL SALVTARI / Apollo standing, holding branch and a lyre set on a rock.
3.82 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #32; Sear #9627.

In his book The Fate of Rome: Climate, Disease, & the End of an Empire, author Kyle Harper suggests the plague described by Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage, was not a localized plague of some sort, but was one and the same with the plague that ravaged the Roman Empire during the reign of Trebonianus Gallus and several of his successors.

The plague was first reported in Alexandria in 249 AD, and by 251 AD it had made its way to Rome where the boy emperor Hostilian died from it. Harper says (p, 138), “The Plague of Cyprian is in the background of imperial history from ca. AD 249 to AD 262, possibly with even later effects around AD 270.”

Harper also presents a case that the plague was either pandemic influenza (similar to that of 1918) or a viral hemorrhagic fever (similar to the Ebola virus of today).

Coins with the reverse legend APOLL SALVTARI (“Apollo the Healer”) exist on coins of Trebonianus Gallus, Volusian, Aemilian, and Valerian I. This reverse type is certainly to be interpreted as an appeal to Apollo for deliverance from the plague that was spreading through the Empire at this time.
3 commentsCallimachus
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3 Constantius II29 viewsObverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG; Pearl diademed draped cuirassed bust left, holding globe in right hand
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPA-RATIO; Helmeted soldier, spear in left hand, advancing right, head left; with his right hand he leads a small bare-headed figure from a hut beneath a tree. The spear points downwards, between the soldier's legs.; ALEA in exergue
Size: 22.05mm
Weight: 3.3 grams

RIC VIII 58 Alexandria
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
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3. Nero, Syrian Silver Tetradrachm, 63 AD125 viewsAlexandrian Tetradrachm of Nero; young portrait
Obv. SEBASTOS NEPON KAISAP, young portrait of Nero
Rev. BIP (year 112 in Ceasarean era, 63 AD) Eagle clutching palm branch
1 commentsZam
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30. Ptolemy I.135 viewsTetradrachm, 305 - 283 BC, Alexandria mint.
Obverse: Diademed head of Ptolemy I.
Reverse: ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΟΣ / Eagle standing on thunderbolt. Monogram and ΔΙ at left.
4.18 gm., 27 mm. S. #7761 var; BMC 6.18, 38.
3 commentsCallimachus
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300 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Alexandria21 viewsReference.
RIC 300; BMC 823; C. 154.

Obv. HADRIANVS - AVG COS III P P
Bare head right

Rev. ALEXAN-DRIA
Alexandria standing left holding sistrum and snake in a basket.

3.37 gr
18 mm
12h
okidoki
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302c. Gordian I24 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Gordian I. AD 238. Potin Tetradrachm (23mm, 11.50 g, 12h). Dated RY 1 (AD 238). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Eagle standing left, head right, wreath in beak; L A (date) across field. Köln 2598; Dattari (Savio) 4665; K&G 68.1; Emmett 3342.1. Fine, dark brown patina, rough surfaces. Rare.

From a Hungarian Collection formed primarily in the 1930’s.
ecoli
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303. Gordian III; Alexandria, Egypt17 viewsRÖMISCHES REICH, Gordian III., 238-244, Bil.-Tetradrachme, Jahr 2 =238/239, Ägypten, Stadt Alexandria. Belorb. Brb.r. Rs.Nilusbüste r. , Datt.4757, BMC 16.246, 1899 Var., Försch.-, selten, vz ecoli
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30515 viewsGalerius 305-311 AD
AE Follis
Obv: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Laureate bust right
Rev: GENIO IMPERATORIS
Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopia
K/A over P//ALE
Alexandria Mint
RIC (VI) Alexandria 101a
mauseus
Conway-6-CONTINE1.jpg
307-337 AD - Constantine1 Iovi Conservatori100 viewsIMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG - Laureate head right
IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG - Jupiter standing left, with staff and chalmys on left arm, victory with wreath on a globe in right hand, eagle with wreath at right foot. ALE in exe, Wreath, S, N in right field

Alexandria mint; Ric-9
Obverse is double struck, but the reverse really stands out! Excellent example of how "busy" some of these coins look, not to mention it's a R-3
jimwho523
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30g. Constans: Alexandria.29 viewsAE3, 333 - 335, Alexandria mint.
Obverse: FL IVL CONSTANS NOB C / Laureate bust of Constans.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS / Two soldiers, each holding spear and shield, two standards between them.
Mint mark: SMALB
2.45 gm., 17.5 mm.
RIC #61; LRBC #1433; Sear #18359.
Callimachus
30i-Delmatius-Ale-090.jpg
30i. Delmatius: Alexandria.16 viewsAE3, 335, Antioch mint.
Obverse: FL DELMATIVS NOB C / Laureate bust of Delmatius.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS / Two soldiers, each holding spear and shield, two standards between them.
Mint mark: SMANI
2.55 gm., 17.5 mm.
RIC #90; LRBC #1362; Sear #16884.
Callimachus
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337-350 AD - Constans - RIC VIII Alexandria 34 - VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX34 viewsEmperor: Constans (r. 337-350 AD)
Date: 347-348 AD
Condition: Fine/VF
Size: AE4

Obverse: D N CONST-ANS P F AVG
Our Lord Constans Dutiful and Wise Emperor
Head right; pearl-diademed

Reverse: VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines within laurel wreath.
Because of the vows, 20 years; through more vows, 30 years.
Exergue: SMALΓ (Alexandria mint, third officina)

RIC VIII Alexandria 34; VM 60
1.96g; 15.4mm; 165°
Pep
35c-Constantine-II-Ale-066.jpg
35c. Constantine II: Alexandria.36 viewsAE 3/4, 335 - 337, Alexandria mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C / Laureate bust of Constantine II.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS / Two soldiers, each holding spear and shield, one standard between them.
Mint mark: SMALA
1.59 gm., 16 mm.
RIC #66; LRBC #1436; Sear #17363.
Callimachus
35i-Delmatius-Ale-069.jpg
35i. Delmatius: Alexandria.56 viewsAE 3/4, 335 - 337, Alexandria mint.
Obverse: FL DELMATIVS NOB C / Laureate bust of Delmatius.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS / Two soldiers, each holding spear and shield, one standard between them.
Mint mark: SMALB
1.76 gm., 17 mm.
RIC #69; LRBC #1439; Sear #16902.
3 commentsCallimachus
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36. Severus Alexander, year 11.11 viewsTetradrachm, Year 11 (231 / 232 AD), Alexandria, Egypt.
Obverse: A KAI MAP AVP CEV AΛEΞANΔPOC EV / Laureate bust of Severus Alexander.
Reverse: L IA / Homonoia (Concordia) standing, holding double cornucopiae; palm branch at left.
11.68 gm., 23 mm.
Koln 2468.
Callimachus
SevAlex-tet-yr-14.jpg
39. Severus Alexander, year 14.20 viewsTetradrachm, Year 14 (234 / 235 AD), Alexandria, Egypt.
Obverse: A KAI MAP AVP CEV AΛEΞANΔPOC EC / Laureate bust of Severus Alexander.
Reverse: L IΔ / Zeus seated, holding sceptre and patera. Eagle at feet, palm branch behind.
13.42 gm., 22.5 mm.
Koln 2496.
1 commentsCallimachus
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4) Cleopatra Tetradrachm of Alexandria61 viewsThis coin was issued in the first year of Cleopatra's reign, which would place it around 50 B.C. while she was was still in a relationship with Julius Caesar. Twenty years later, she and Antony would commit suicide after their defeat at Actium, ending the reign of the Pharaohs of Egypt.

Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1817 (Ptolemaios XIII); SNG Cop 398; Cohen DCA 70; BMC Ptolemies p. 1817, 2 (Ptolemaios XIII); Noeske 363; Hosking 129; SNG Milan -, gVF, toned, Paphos mint, weight 9.476g, maximum diameter 25.6mm, die axis 0o, 51 - 50; obverse diademed bust right (feminized bust of Ptolemy I or Cleopatra?), wearing aegis; reverse PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, palm behind over right wing, LB (year 2) over crown of Isis left, PA right

Purchased from FORVM
RM0010
1 commentsSosius
claudius_diobol_RPC5151.jpg
41-54 AD - CLAUDIUS AE Diobol - struck 42-43 AD50 viewsobv: TI.KLAU.KAI.CEBAC.GERMA (laureate bust right, star before chin)
rev: AYTOKPA (hippopotamus walking right, in exergue LG; = year 3 = 42/3)
ref: Milne 100, Koln 84, RPC 5151, BMCGr 96v, Dattari 166
mint: Alexandria
11.85 gms, 25 mm
Rare
berserker
pergamum_RPC_2374.jpg
41-60 AD - Semi-Autonomous AE15 of Pergamum - struck under the time of the Claudians75 viewsobv: PEON CYNKLHTON (youthful draped bust of the Roman Senate right)
rev: PEAN PWMHN (turreted and draped bust of Roma right)
ref: RPC 2374, SNG BN Paris 1964
mint: Pergamum, Mysia (40-60 AD)
4.03gms, 15mm
Rare

Pergamum was not conquered by the Romans. In 133 B.C. Attalus III, its last king, bequeathed Pergamum to the Romans and this granted to the city and its inhabitants the continued benevolence of the new rulers (with the only exception being Marcus Antonius who deprived the Library of Pergamum of many of its volumes to replenish that of Alexandria, which had been damaged by Julius Caesar).
berserker
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45. Gordian III, year 6.14 viewsTetradrachm, Year 6 (242-243 AD), Alexandria, Egypt.
Obverse: A K M ANT ΓOΡΔIANOC EΥ / Laureate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: L S / Homonoia (Concordia) standing, right hand extended and holding a double cornucopiae in left arm.
3.02 gm., 22 mm.
Callimachus
Philip-II-tet-yr-5.jpg
49. Philp II, year 5.10 viewsTetradrachm, Year 5 (247 / 248 AD), Alexandria, Egypt.
Obverse: A K M IOΥ ΦIΛIΦΦOC E / Bust of Philip II.
Reverse: L E / Homonoia (Concordia) standing, hand extended, holding double cornucopiae.
13.97 gm.,
22.5 mm.

During the last few years of the reign of Philip I, both father and son shared the same titles. Coin portraits of father and son can often be distinguished from each other since Philip I is usually portrayed with a beard and Philip II is not. This coin was purchased as a tetradrachm of Philip I, but is being attributed here as a coin of Philip II since there is no trace of a beard on the portrait.
Callimachus
495_P_Hadrian_Emmett834_2_.jpg
4993 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Eagle standing16 viewsReference.
Emmett 834.2; RPC III, 4993; Köln 741; Ka/Ga 32.2

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС
laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L B
Eagle standing, right

13.15 gr
mm
h
okidoki
1263_P_Hadrian_RPC4999.jpg
4999 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Nike left13 viewsReference.
RPC III, 4999; Emmett 872.2; Birmingham (Barber RE 0166); Köln –; Dattari (Savio) 1409 var

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС
Laureate head of Hadrian, r. drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L Β
Nike advancing, l., holding wreath and palm-branch

10.75 gr
25 mm
12h
2 commentsokidoki
873_P_Hadrian_Emmett889_02.jpg
5006 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Sarapis bust19 viewsReference.
Emmett 889.2; RPC III, 5006 Köln --; BMC 606

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑINOC (sic) ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС
Laureate head of Hadrian, right, drapery on left shoulder; to right

Rev. L B
Draped bust of Sarapis, wearing kalathos and laurel wreath, right.

12.90 gr
25 mm
h
okidoki
coin599.JPG
501. Constantine I Alexandria Posthumous23 viewsAlexandria

The city passed formally under Roman jurisdiction in 80 BC, according to the will of Ptolemy Alexander but after it had been previously under Roman influence for more than a hundred years. Julius Caesar dallied with Cleopatra in Alexandria in 47 BC, saw Alexander's body (quipping 'I came to see a king, not a collection of corpses' when he was offered a view of the other royal burials) and was mobbed by the rabble. His example was followed by Marc Antony, for whose favor the city paid dearly to Octavian, who placed over it a prefect from the imperial household.

From the time of annexation onwards, Alexandria seems to have regained its old prosperity, commanding, as it did, an important granary of Rome. This fact, doubtless, was one of the chief reasons which induced Augustus to place it directly under imperial power. In AD 215 the emperor Caracalla visited the city and for some insulting satires that the inhabitants had directed at him, abruptly commanded his troops to put to death all youths capable of bearing arms. This brutal order seems to have been carried out even beyond the letter, for a general massacre ensued.

Even as its main historical importance had formerly sprung from pagan learning, now Alexandria acquired fresh importance as a centre of Christian theology and church government. There Arianism was formulated and where also Athanasius, the great opponent of both Arianism and pagan reaction, triumphed over both, establishing the Patriarch of Alexandria as a major influence in Christianity for the next two centuries.

As native influences began to reassert themselves in the Nile valley, Alexandria gradually became an alien city, more and more detached from Egypt and losing much of its commerce as the peace of the empire broke up during the 3rd century AD, followed by a fast decline in population and splendour.

In the late 4th century, persecution of pagans by Christians had reached new levels of intensity. Temples and statues were destroyed throughout the Roman empire: pagan rituals became forbidden under punishment of death, and libraries were closed. In 391, Emperor Theodosius I ordered the destruction of all pagan temples, and the Patriarch Theophilus, complied with his request. It is possible that the great Library of Alexandria and the Serapeum was destroyed about this time. The pagan mathematician and philosopher Hypathia was a prominent victim of the persecutions.

The Brucheum and Jewish quarters were desolate in the 5th century, and the central monuments, the Soma and Museum, fell into ruin. On the mainland, life seemed to have centred in the vicinity of the Serapeum and Caesareum, both which became Christian churches. The Pharos and Heptastadium quarters, however, remained populous and left intact.

veiled head only
DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG
RIC VIII Alexandria 32 C3

From uncleaned lot; one of the nicer finds.
ecoli
572_P_Hadrian_Emmett803_2~0.jpg
5011 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Agathodaemon22 viewsReference.
Emmett 803.2; RPC III, 5011; Dattari 1541 , BMC 665

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. AVT KAI TPAI ΑΔΡΙΑ CEB
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.

Rev. L B
Agathodaemon erect, r., crowned with Skhent, enfolding caduceus and stalk of corn.

13.38 gr
25 mm
12h
okidoki
164_P_Hadrian__Emmett_901_2.jpg
5012 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Tyche standing19 viewsReferentie.
Emmett 901.2; BMC 601 var.; Milne 817; RPC III, 5012

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΝΟС (sic) ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС
laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L B
Tyche standing left, wearing modius, chiton and peplos, holding rudder and cornucopiae.

11.44 gr
25.00 mm
okidoki
486_P_Hadrian_Emmett960_2.jpg
5018A EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 117-18 AD Hadrian in quadriga40 viewsReference.
Emmett 960.2; RPC III, 5018A Köln 757; Dattari (Savio) 1585 var. (obv. legend); K&G 32.50
BMC 864 specimen has ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΙΑΝΟС (sic) ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС as obverse legend.

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑIΝΟС (sic) ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС
Laureate bust right No Beard, slight drapery

Rev. L B (date ry 2)
Emperor (Hadrian) standing in quadriga, right, laureate-headed, wearing toga, holding eagle-tipped sceptre and branch.

21.80 gr
34 mm
12 h

From the Syracuse Collection.

Note CNG.
Hadrian’s portraits on his early coins in Alexandria more closely resemble Trajan, as the engravers in the provinces waited for an official Imperial model or bust to be sent out. In this case, by Hadrian’s regnal year 2, the engravers might have had access to or knowledge of what Hadrian looked like, as the portrait on the present coin is beginning to morph into a more accurate representation of Hadrian’s Imperial image.
1 commentsokidoki
180_P_Hadrian_Emmett961_1.jpg
5019 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 117-18 AD quadriga of elephants23 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5019; Emmett 961.2; Milne 846

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΝΟС (sic) ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder.

Rev. LB year 2
Hadrian holding branch and eagle-tipped scepter, being drawn right by quadriga of elephants.

17.15 gr
34 mm
h
1 commentsokidoki
coin830.JPG
502. Constantine II Alexandria GLORIA EXERCITVS12 viewsRIC VII Alexandria 59 S

ecoli
546_P_Hadrian_Emmett1015_2.jpg
5023 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 117-18 AD Nilus reclining on hippopotamus35 viewsReference.
Emmett 1015.2; RPC III, 5023; Dattari 1798v, Milne 859; Köln 760 var.

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΝΟС (sic) ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС
laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder.

Rev. LB (year 2)
Nilus reclining left on hippopotamus, holding reed in right and cornucopia in left hand.

23.96 gr
35 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
coin892.JPG
503. Constans Gloria Exercitvs Alexandria24 viewsCONSTANS-MAX AVG
GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS

RIC VIII Alexandria 7 C2

ecoli
1170_P_Hadrian_RPC5035_2.jpg
5035 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Hemidrachm 117-18 AD Nike left11 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5035.2; Dattari-Savio Pl. 86, 1770 (this coin); Emmett --

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΝΟ[С (sic) ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС]
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder.

Rev. L B
Nike advancing, l., holding wreath and palm-branch

14.46 gr
29.5 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection.
okidoki
1276_P_Hadrian_RPC5049_2.jpg
5049 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Dikaiosyne standing4 viewsReference
RPC III, 5049.2; Dattari-Savio Pl. 65, 1346 (this coin); Emmett 833.2

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ (sic)
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L Β
Dikaiosyne standing facing, head l., holding scales and cornucopia

12.34 gr
22 mm
12h
okidoki
1053_P_Hadrian_RPC5050.jpg
5050 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Dikaiosyne standing14 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5050 (this coin). Dattari-Savio Pl. 65, 1347 (this coin).Emmett 833.2

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΝΟС (sic) ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L Β
Dikaiosyne standing facing, head l., holding scales and cornucopia

12.52 gr
25 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection.

In ancient Greek culture, Dikē (/ˈdiːkeɪ/ or /ˈdɪkiː/; Greek: Δίκη, English translation: "justice") was the goddess of justice and the spirit of moral order and fair judgement based on immemorial custom, in the sense of socially enforced norms and conventional rules. According to Hesiod (Theogony, l. 901), she was fathered by Zeus upon his second consort, Themis. She and her mother were both personifications of justice. She is depicted as a young, slender woman carrying a physical balance scale and wearing a laurel wreath while her Roman counterpart (Justitia) appears in a similar fashion but blind-folded. She is represented in the constellation Libra which is named for the Latin name of her symbol (Scales). She is often associated with Astraea, the goddess of innocence and purity. Astraea is also one of her epithets referring to her appearance in the nearby constellation Virgo which is said to represent Astraea. This reflects her symbolic association with Astraea, who too has a similar iconography.

The sculptures of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia have as their unifying iconographical conception the dikē of Zeus, and in poetry she is often the attendant (paredros) of Zeus.
In the philosophical climate of late 5th century Athens, dikē could be anthropomorphised as a goddess of moral justice.
She was one of the three second-generation Horae, along with Eunomia ("order") and Eirene ("peace")
okidoki
637_P_Hadriam_Emmett884.jpg
5060A EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Athena30 viewsReference.
Emmett 884.02 (year not listed); cf RPC III, 5197 ( different bust and no star) RPC III, 5060A

http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/3/5060A/

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., seen from front, star in front

Rev. L B
Helmeted bust of Athena, right, wearing aegis

14.00 gr
25 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
1084_P_Hadrian_RPC-.jpg
5063A EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Eagle 9 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5063A; Dattari 1554 var. (laureate head)

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., seen from front, star in front

Rev. L Β
Eagle standing, right

12.64 gr
22 mm
12h
okidoki
1052_P_Hadrian_RPC5071_7.jpg
5071 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Ammon8 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5071.7 (this coin). Dattari-Savio Pl. 71, 7491 (this coin).Emmett 905.3

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r., star

Rev. L Β
Bust of Ammon, r., crowned with disc

12.32 gr
24 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection.
okidoki
720_P_Hadrian_Emmett834_02_star.JPG
5080 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Eagle standing right19 viewsReference.
Emmett 834.02; RPC III, 5080; Dattari. 1554; Köln 742

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r., star

Rev. L Β
Eagle standing, r., on thunderbolt


12.84 gr
25 mm
12h
okidoki
1015_P_Hadrian_RPC5084.jpg
5084 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Hermes18 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5084/2; Dattari-Savio Pl. 67, 1388 (this coin). Dattari 1388 and Pl. XVI (this rev. Illustrated); Emmett 860.5

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r., star

Rev. L Β
Bare head right, drapery on left shoulder, and over back of neck (no caduceus)

15.00 gr
24 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection. Apparently unique and illustrated in Dattari.
3 commentsokidoki
487_P_Hadrian_Emmett889_2.JPG
5088 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Sarapis bust13 viewsReference.
Emmett 889.2; RPC III, 5088 Köln 1150; Dattari 1465 var.

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. AΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ (sic)
Laureate head of Hadrian, right, drapery on left shoulder; to right, star in front.

Rev. L B
Draped bust of Sarapis, wearing kalathos and laurel wreath, right.

13.32 gr
24 mm
12h
okidoki
494_P_Hadrian_Emmett817_3.jpg
5140 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 118-19 AD Athena 19 viewsReference. R5
Emmett 884.3: RPC 5140, 5140; Köln 768. Ka/Ga 32.73;

Issue L Γ = year 3

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L Γ
helmeted bust of Athena, right, wearing aegis

13.15 gr
25 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
1275_P_Hadrian_RPC5142_9.jpg
5142 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 118-19 AD Dikaiosyne standing6 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5142.9; Dattari-Savio Suppl. 18, 11 (this coin); Emmett 833.3

Issue L Γ = year 3

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L Γ
Dikaiosyne standing facing, head l., holding scales and cornucopia

13.18 gr
23 mm
12h
okidoki
1016_P_Hadrian_RPC5155_8.jpg
5143 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 118-19 AD Eagle standing right14 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5143; Dattari-Savio Pl. 72, 1556 (this coin); Emmett 834.3

Issue L Γ = year 3

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L L (L Γ) engravours error
Eagle standing, r., on thunderbolt

23.82 gr
24 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection
1 commentsokidoki
974_P_Hadrian_RPC5144.jpg
5144 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 118-19 AD Helios12 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5144 (this coin illustrated). Dattari-Savio Pl. 66, 1380 (this coin); Emmett 852.3

Issue L Γ = year 3

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L Γ
Radiate and draped bust of Helios, right

12.57 gr
24 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection
okidoki
895_P_Hadrian_Emmett866_03.jpg
5145 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 118-19 AD Isis14 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5145.5; Dattari-Savio Pl. 67, 1395 (this coin); Emmett 866.3

Issue L Γ = year 3

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L Γ
Reverse design draped bust of Isis, crowned with taenia, disc and horns, r.

12.37 gr
24 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection.
1 commentsokidoki
809_P_Hadrian_Emmett889_03.JPG
5148 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 118-19 AD Sarapis bust16 viewsReference.
Emmett 889.03; RPC III, 5148; Dattari 1455, Milne 909

Issue L Γ = year 3

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, right, drapery on left shoulder; to right, star in front.

Rev. L B
Draped bust of Sarapis, wearing kalathos and laurel wreath, right.

13.38 gr
24 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
533_P_Hadrian_Emmett903_3.JPG
5160 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 118-19 AD Zeus16 viewsReference.
Emmett 903.3; cf Dattari 1500; RPC III, 5160; Milne 905

Issue L Γ = year 3

Obv .ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r., star

Rev. L Γ = year 3
Draped bust of Zeus, r., with taenia

12.73 gr
23 mm
12h
2 commentsokidoki
667_P_Hadrian_Emmett1192.jpg
5178 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Dichalkon 125-26 AD Ibis standing8 viewsreference.
Emmett 1192.; Dattari 2035; K&G 32.99; RPC III, 5178.

Obv:
Laureate head right.
Rev: LIA?
Ibis standing right.

1.58 gr
14 mm
h
okidoki
518-578 Justin Justinien Justin II.jpg
518-578 Justin I to Justin II - 12 nummia from Alexandria51 viewsd.m. IVS[...]
I+B , exergue AΛEξ

Difficult to tell wether this coin is of Justin I, Justinian or Justin II.
Ginolerhino
1120_P_Hadrian_RPC5184.jpg
5184 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 119-20 AD quadriga of horses13 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5184; Emmett 960.4;

Issue L Δ = year 4

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L Δ
Emperor (Hadrian) standing in quadriga, r., laureate-headed, wearing toga, holding eagle-tipped sceptre and branch

22.16 gr
34 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
48_P_Hadrian__Dattari_1558.jpg
5200 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 119-20 AD Eagle standing right15 viewsReferentie.
Emmett 834.4; Köln 778; Dattari 1558; RPC III, 5200

Issue L Δ = year 4

Obv. AVT KAI TPAI AΔPIA CEB.
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.

Rev. L Δ
Eagle standing right, on thunderbolt
14.39 gr
23 mm
h
okidoki
151_P_Hadrian__Emmett_866_r5.jpg
5206 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 119-20 AD Isis18 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5206; Emmett 866.4; Dattari 1396; Kampmann & Ganschow 32.116.;Köln--; Milne 937

Issue L Δ = year 4

Obv. AΥT KAI TΡAI AΔΡIA CEB
Laureate bust r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L-Δ
Draped bust of Isis right with Isiscrown, wearing her horned solar crown.

12.87 gr
23 mm
12 h.
okidoki
1237_P_Hadrian_RPC5206_3.jpg
5206 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 119-20 AD Isis7 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5206.3; Emmett 866.4; Kampmann & Ganschow 32.116.;Köln--; Milne 937; Dattari-Savio Pl. 67, 1396 (this coin).

Issue L Δ = year 4

Obv. AΥT KAI TΡAI AΔΡIA CEB
Laureate bust r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L-Δ
Draped bust of Isis, crowned with taenia, disc and horns, right

13.89 gr
23 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
875_P_Hadrian_Emmett803_04.jpg
5209 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 119-20 AD Agathodaemon21 viewsReference.
Dattari-Savio Pl. 72, 7506 (this coin); Emmett 803.04; Köln 780; RPC III, 5209

Issue L Δ = year 4

Obv. AVT KAI TPAI ΑΔΡΙΑ CEB
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder; crescent before.

Rev. L Δ
Agathodaemon serpent erect right, wearing skhent and entwining caduceus and grain ears in coils.

11.75 gr
25 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection
1 commentsokidoki
1021_P_Hadrian_RPC5216.jpg
5216 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 119-20 AD Dikaiosyne standing18 viewsReference.
Dattari (Savio) 1353-4; K&G 32.111; RPC III 5216; Emmett 833.4.

Issue L Δ = year 4

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r. crescent

Rev. L Δ
Dikaiosyne standing facing, head l., holding scales and cornucopia

13.68 gr
24 mm
12h
3 commentsokidoki
162_P_Hadrian_Emmett_844.jpg
5219 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 119-20 AD Hadrian Quadriga14 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5219; Emmett 844.4 r3; Milne 966;

Issue L Δ = year 4

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate and draped bust right. before crescent

Rev. Date L Δ
Hadrian, laureate, togate and holding sceptre, driving quadriga right.; date above.

13.05 gr
22 mm
okidoki
894_P_Hadrian_Emmett850_04.jpg
5220 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 119-20 AD Harpocrates 8 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5220; Dattari-Savio Pl. 66, 1376 (this coin); Emmett 850.04

Issue L Δ = year 4

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r. crescent

Rev. L Δ
Harpocrates standing facing, head l., holding cornucopia

13.11 gr
26 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection.
okidoki
1113_P_Hadrian_RPC5254.jpg
5254 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 120-21 AD Alexandria5 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5254.2 (this coin illustrated). Dattari-Savio Pl. 63, 7370a (this coin); Emmett 805.5

Issue L E = year 5

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r. crescent

Rev.L Ε
Draped bust of Alexandria wearing cap in form of elephant’s head, right

13.07 gr
24 mm
12h
okidoki
920_P_Hadrian_Emmett905_5.jpg
5255 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 120-21 AD Ammon11 viewsReference.
Emmett 905.5; RPC III, 5255.4 (this coin). Dattari-Savio Pl. 71, 7494 (this coin).

Issue L E = year 5

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r. crescent

Rev. L Ε
Bust of Ammon, r., crowned with disc

12.95 gr
24.5 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection.
okidoki
1054_P_Hadrian_RPC5256.jpg
5256 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 120-21 AD Canopus van Osiris9 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5256 (this coin). Dattari-Savio Pl. 61, 1320 (this coin).Emmett 827.5

Issue L E = year 5

Obverse inscription ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Obverse design laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r. crescent

Rev. L Ε
Canopus of Osiris right

14.28 gr
23 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection.
okidoki
819_P_Hadrian_Emmett850_5.jpg
5263 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 120-21 AD Harpocrates15 viewsReference.
Emmett 850.5; RPC III, 5263; Dattari-Savio Pl. 66, 2421 (this coin).

Issue L E = year 5

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r. crescent

Rev. L Ε
Harpocrates standing facing, head l., raising finger to lips, holding cornucopia

12.77 gr
22 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection.
okidoki
1017_P_Hadrian_RPC5264.jpg
5264 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 120-21 AD Hippopotamus standing right20 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5264; Dattari-Savio Pl. 73, 1577 (this coin); Emmett 863.5; Köln 813

Issue L E = year 5

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r. crescent

Rev. L Ε
hippopotamus standing, right

13.20 gr
23 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection.
3 commentsokidoki
636_P_Hadrian_Emmett803_5.jpg
5270 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 120-21 AD Agathodaemon26 viewsReference.
Emmett 803.5; Köln 805; Dattari 1547; Milne 982; RPC III, 5270

Issue L E = year 5

Obv. AVT KAI TPAI ΑΔΡΙΑ CEB
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder; crescent before.

Rev. L E below
Agathodaemon serpent erect right, wearing skhent and entwining caduceus and grain ears in coils.

12.24 gr
24 mm
12h

notes.
Agathodaimon:
In ancient Greek religion, Agathos Daimon or Agathodaemon (Greek: ἀγαθὸς δαίμων, "noble spirit") was a daemon or presiding spirit of the vineyards and grainfields and a personal companion spirit,[2][3] similar to the Roman genius, ensuring good luck, health, and wisdom.

source:
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins at FORVM
Skhent:
The crown of Upper and Lower Egypt.
1 commentsokidoki
651_P_Hadrian_Emmett903_5.JPG
5273 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 120-21 AD Zeus Prow before23 viewsReference.
Emmett 903.5; Dattari 1504; RPC III, 5273

Issue L E = year 5

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r. crescent
Rev. L E = year 5
Draped bust of Zeus, right, with taenia prow before.

13.21 gr
25 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
896_P_Hadrian_Emmett1037_5.jpg
5292 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 120-21 AD Serapis15 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5292.6; Dattari-Savio Suppl. 154 (this coin); Emmett 1037.5

Issue L E = year 5

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder.

Rev. L Ε
Temple (classical) with two columns enclosing Sarapis standing facing, head l., holding sceptre; to l., altar, Temple with sun disc between horns

15.91 gr
33 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection.
okidoki
1112_P_Hadrian_RPC5294.jpg
5294 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 120-21 AD Nike advancing13 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5294.2; Dattari-Savio Pl. 86, 1775 (this coin); Emmett 1007.5

Issue L E = year 5

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L Ε
Trophy with standing captive; to r., Nike advancing l. holding wreath and palm-branch; between, kneeling captive

17.96 gr
34 mm
12h
okidoki
1291_P_Hadrian_RPC5294_3.jpg
5294 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 120-21 AD Nike advancing24 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5294.3; Dattari-Savio Pl. 86, 7726 (this coin) and Pl. XXXXVI (this rev. Illustrated).); Emmett 1007.5

Issue L E = year 5

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L Ε
Trophy with standing captive; to r., Nike advancing l. holding wreath and palm-branch; between, kneeling captive

17.51 gr
34 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
815_P_Hadrian_Emmett822_06.JPG
5308 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 121-22 AD Athena standing13 viewsReference.
Emmett 822.06; RPC III, 5308; Köln 824; BMC--; Milne--; D--

Issue L Ϛ = year 6

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r crescent

Rev. ΑΘΗΝΑ СƐΒΑСΤΗ, L Ϛ
Athena standing facing, head l., holding ears of corn and shield

13.28 gr
23 mm
12h
okidoki
322_P_Hadrian_Emmett820_6.JPG
5310 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 121-22 AD Athena standing.18 viewsReference.
Emmett 820.6; Curtis 363; RPC III, 5310/6

Issue L Ϛ = year 6

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ CΕΒ
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, Crescent in front.

Rev. L Ϛ
Athena standing facing head Left, with spear left hand and shield right hand resting on shield set on ground

12.83 gr
24 mm
h
1 commentsokidoki
840_P_Hadrian_Emmett818_06.jpg
5311 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 121-22 AD Athena standing20 viewsReference.
Emmett 818.11; Milne 1179; RPC III, 5311.4 (this coin). Dattari-Savio Pl. 64, 1290 (this coin).

Issue L Ϛ = year 6

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r crescent.

Rev. L Ϛ
Athena standing left, holding Nike, shield to right

13..05 gr
25 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection
2 commentsokidoki
1132_P_Hadrian_RPC5314.jpg
5314 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 121-22 AD Demeter standing12 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5314; Emmett 830.6 (unknown year); Dattari 1330; Milne --

issue L Ϛ = year 6

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r crescent

Rev. L Ϛ
Demeter standing facing, head r., holding ears of corn and torch.

13.10 gr
25 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
791_P_Hadrian_Emmett833_6~0.JPG
5315 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 121-22 AD Dikaiosyne standing11 viewsReference.
Emmett 833.06; RPC III, 5315; Dattari 1357; Goats 826; Kampmann / Ganschow 32,183.

Issue L Ϛ = year 6

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r crescent.

Rev. L Ϛ
Dikaiosyne standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae.

12.90 gr
22 mm
12h

Note.
Fritz Rudolf Künker eLive Auction 41 lot 174
okidoki
976_P_Hadrian_RPC5319_6.jpg
5319 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 121-22 AD Eirene standing17 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5319.6 (this coin). Dattari-Savio Pl. 66, 1362 (this coin); Emmett 838.6

Issue L Ϛ = year 6

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r crescent

Rev. ƐΙΡΗΝΗ СƐΒΑСΤΗ, L Ϛ
Eirene standing facing, head l., holding ears of corn and caduceus

13.12 gr
24 mm
12h

Note.
see how this early bust still looks very much like Trajan

From the Dattari collection.
okidoki
921_P_Hadrian_Emmett846_6.jpg
5324 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 121-22 AD Eusebeia standing16 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5324 (this coin illustrated). Dattari-Savio Pl. 66, 1372 (this coin); Emmett 846.6

Issue L Ϛ = year 6

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r crescent

Rev. L Ϛ
Eusebeia standing facing, head r., placing incense on altar to l., and holding out box of incense

13.20 gr
24.5 mm
12h

Note.
Interpreted by Vogt I, pp. 98-99, as a reference to Plotina’s death.
From the Dattari collection. Apparently unique. Possibly reffered to Pltina's death.
okidoki
923_P_Hadrian_Emmett874_6.jpg
5332 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 121-22 AD Nike standing15 viewsReference.
RPC 5332.3 (this coin). Dattari-Savio Pl. 67, 7445 (this coin); Emmett 874.6

Issue L Ϛ = year 6

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r crescent

Rev. L Ϛ
Nike standing, r., inscribing shield; to r., rocks?

13.78 gr
25 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection.
okidoki
1114_P_Hadrian_RPC5336.jpg
5336 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 121-22 AD Nilus reclining on hippopotamus7 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5336 (this coin illustrated). Dattari-Savio Pl. 68, 1443 (this coin); Emmett 878.6

Issue L Ϛ = year 6

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r crescent

Rev. L Ϛ
Nilus reclining on hippopotamus, l., holding reed and cornucopia

13.16 gr
24 mm
6h
okidoki
922_P_Hadrian_Emmett903_6.jpg
5343 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 121-22 AD Zeus12 viewsReference.
Emmett 903.06; RPC III, 5343.14 (this coin); Dattari-Savio Pl. 70, 7486 (this coin).

Issue L Ϛ = year 6

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder (to r crescent) (sic)

Rev. L Ϛ
Bust of Zeus, with taenia, r.

12.95 gr
24.5 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection.
okidoki
1089_P_Hadrian_RPC5345.jpg
5345 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 120-21 AD Canopi facing8 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5345 (this coin illustrated). Dattari-Savio Pl. 78, 7592 (this coin); Emmett 934.6

Issue L Ϛ = year 6

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L Ϛ
Two canopi, on basis

22.73 gr
35 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection
okidoki
653_P_Hadrian_Emmett1015_6.jpg
5358 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 121-22 AD Nilus reclining on hippopotamus20 viewsReference.
Dattari 1801; Emmett 1015.6; RPC III, 5358

Issue L Ϛ = year 6

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L Ϛ
Nilus reclining left on hippopotamus, holding reed in right and cornucopia in left hand.

23.30 gr
35 mm
h

From the E.E. Clain-Stefanelli collection.
okidoki
1155_P_Hadrian_RPC5375.jpg
5375 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 122-23 AD Canopus van Osiris6 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5375.3; Dattari-Savio Pl. 64, 1323 (this coin); Emmett 827.7

Issue L Z = year 7

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r., crescent

Rev. L Ζ
Canopus, right

12.15 gr
23 mm
12h
okidoki
338_P_Hadrian_Emmett969.jpg
5388 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 122-23 AD Euthenia28 viewsReference. R5
Emmett 969.7; RPC III, 5388; Milne 1039; Kamp 32.228

Issue L Z = year 7

Obv. AVT KAI TPAI AΔPIA CEB
laureate bust right

Rev. L Z
Euthenia reclinging left, holding grain-ear and poppy, on andro-sphinx

16.30 gr
34 mm
12h
okidoki
545_P_Hadrian_Emmett1015_7.jpg
5392 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 122-23 AD Nilus reclining on hippopotamus23 viewsReference.
Emmett 1015.7; RPC III, 5392; Milne 1038; Dattari 1802 var (date above); Kampmann-Ganschow 32.228; Geissen -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -

Issue L Z = year 7

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ - ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.

Rev. LZ
Nilus reclining left, hippopotamus under left arm, long reed in right, cornucopia in left.

22 gr
33.6 mm
12h

ex. FORVM
okidoki
392_P_Hadrian_Emmett905.jpg
5424 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 123-24 AD Sarapis-Ammon25 viewsReference. Rare
Emmett 895.8; RPC III, 5424; Dattari-1481; Milne-1048; Köln-858; BMCSup-2792A; COP-302; Frankfurt-37

Issue L H = year 8

Obv. AUT KAI TRAI ADRIA CEB
Laureate head r. with aegis; in front, crescent

Rev. L-H
Draped bust of Sarapis-Ammon to right, wearing taenia and kalathos.

12.84 gr
23 mm
1 commentsokidoki
417_P_Hadrian_Emmett828.jpg
5434 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 123-24 AD Canopic jar of Isis18 viewsReference.
Emmett 828.8; Dattari 1310; Köln 851; Milne 1051: RPC III, 5434

Issue L H = year 8

Obv. AVT KAIC TPAINA∆PIANOC CEB
Laureate head right, aegis at shoulder.

Rev. L-H date across field
Canopic jar of Isis wearing headdress

12.79 gr

Note.
Isis
Goddess of health, marriage, and wisdom
okidoki
305_P_Hadrian_Emmett.jpg
5437 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 123-24 AD Eagle standing30 viewsReference.
Emmett 836.8 r2; Milne 1061; RPC III, 5437

Issue L H = year 8

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ - ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ CΕΒ
Laureate head right, with beautiful Aegis

Rev. L-H
Eagle standing right, head left, wings open.

12.98 gr
23 mm
12h.
1 commentsokidoki
810_P_Hadrian_Emmett866_06.JPG
5440 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 123-24 AD Isis17 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5440; Emmett 866.8; Dattari 1398 ; Köln 855

Issue L H = year 8

Obv. AΥT KAI TΡAI AΔΡIA CEB
Laureate head of Hadrian right, wearing aegis

Rev. L-H
Draped bust of Isis right with Isiscrown, wearing her horned solar crown

12.11 gr
22 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
892_P_Hadrian_Emmett890_8.jpg
5442 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 123-24 AD Sarapis bust on eagle19 viewsReference.
RPC III 5442.3 (this coin). Dattari-Savio Pl. 69, 1466 (this coin); Emmett 890.3

Issue L H = year 8

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., with aegis

Rev. L Η
Draped bust of Sarapis, wearing kalathos, facing; below, eagle standing facing, head l., with outstretched wings.

11.93 gr
23 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection.
1 commentsokidoki
924_P_Hadrian_Emmett965_8.jpg
5448 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 123-24 AD Hadrian & Nike standing 30 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5448 (this coin); Dattari-Savio Pl. 75, 7546 (this coin); Emmett 965.8

Issue L H = year 8

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder.

Rev. L Η
Hadrian standing facing, head l., holding sceptre; to r., Nike advancing l., holding wreath and palm-branch; to l., altar (?)

20.87 gr
33.5 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection. Apparently unique
1 commentsokidoki
801_P_Hadrian_Emmett969_8.jpg
5450 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 123-24 AD Euthenia22 viewsReference. R3
Emmett 969.08; Dattari-Savio Pl. 81, 7639 (this coin). RPC III, 5450/9

Issue L H = year 8

Obv. AVT KAI TPAI AΔPIA CEB
Radiate head of Hadrian, r., waering aegis

Rev. L H
Euthenia reclinging left, holding grain-ear and poppy, on andro-sphinx.

25.17 gr
35 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection
NAC 42 (2013), p. 131 no. 24c
okidoki
1254_P_Hadrian_RPC5452_9.jpg
5452 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 123-24 AD Nilus reclining on hippopotamus10 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5452.9; Dattari-Savio Suppl. Pl. 11, 113; Emmett 1015.8

Issue L H = year 8

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L Η
Nilus reclining on hippopotamus, l., holding reed and cornucopia, with lotus flowers below

17.24 gr
34 mm
12h
2 commentsokidoki
1255_P_Hadrian_RPC5458_10.jpg
5458 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 123-24 AD Sphinx seated right5 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5458.10; Dattari-Savio Pl. 98, 2000; Emmett 1054.8

Issue L H = year 8

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L Η
Sphinx seated, r., paw on wheel

17.28 gr
34 mm
12h
okidoki
1200_P_Hadrian_RPC--.jpg
5458A EGYPT, Alexandria Hadrian Drachm 123-24 AD Sphinx right27 viewsReference.
cf RPC 5910.19; cf Dattari-Savio Pl. 99, 7913a (this coin) Date correction

Issue L H = year 8

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L Η
Sphinx wearing Hemhem crown, horns and feathers with crocodile emerging from chest, walking, r., on serpent; above, griffin

20.05 gr
35 mm
12h

Note.
This Dattari plate coin needs a Correction on the Date

it is L H Issue year 8, this goes with the bust types used in his early reign

L IH is dated with another bust seen from rear also the is no room for L IH

This bust is not seen after year 8, also sphinx wears a Hemhem crown, normaly one sees a crown of disc
Also the serpent is a bit odd looking like it has two heads?
1 commentsokidoki
946_P_Hadrian_Emmett1061_8.jpg
5462 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 123-24 AD Triumphal arch 23 viewsReference.
Emmett 1061.8; RPC III, 5462; Cf. Dattari 1895-1898

Issue L H = year 8

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L Η
Triumphal arch surmounted by Quadriga with statue of Emperor

17.51 gr
35 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki