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Search results - "ANDRONICUS"
Sear-2429.jpg
11 viewsAndronicus II Palaeologus, with Michael IX. 1282-1328. Assarion (19mm, 1.70 g, 6h). Class III. Constantinople mint. Struck 1295-1320. Winged seraph / Half-length facing figures of Andronicus and Michael, holding patriarchal cross between them. DOC 638-46; SB 2429. VF, green and brown patina.


From the Iconodule Collection.
Quant.Geek
Sear-2365.jpg
8 viewsAndronicus II Palaeologus. 1282-1328. Trachy (23.5mm, 1.09 g, 6h). Class VIII. Thessalonica mint. Six-petaled flower / Half-length facing figures of Michael, holding [cruciform scepter], and St. Demetrius, holding spear, holding between them a staff surmounted by cross within ring. DOC 736-9; SB 2365. VF, dark green and brown patina.


From the Iconodule Collection.
Quant.Geek
Sear-2374.jpg
13 viewsAndronicus II Palaeologus. 1282-1328. Trachy (23.5mm, 1.61 g, 6h). Class IV. Thessalonica mint. Facing bust of St. Demetrius, holding spear and shield / Half-length winged facing figure of Andronicus, holding sword and akakia, above crenelated wall with archways. DOC 730-1; SB 2374. VF, dark green patina, minor areas of weak strike, struck on irregular flan.


From the Iconodule Collection.
Quant.Geek
sear1966clipped.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196666 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.


During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Antvwala
wileyc
andronicus_ii.jpg
(1282) ANDRONICUS II & MICHAEL IX17 viewsAndronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX
1282 - 1328 AD
AE Assarion 21mm, 1.99 grams
O: Nimbate and facing bust of Archangel St. Michael holding scepter and globus cruciger.
R: Facing half length figure of Christ blessing the two emperors who kneel before him.
Constantinople mint; Sear2435 // DOC677-80
laney
055_Andronicus_I.JPG
055. Andronicus I, 1183-1185. BI Trachy.38 viewsObv. Mary crowning Andronicus
Rev. Christ
S1985
LordBest
r3.jpg
1986 ANDRONICUS METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1986 DOC 5 CLBC 5.4.1 63 viewsOBV Full length figure of Virgin nimbate, wearing tunic and maphorion, standing on dais, holds nimbate beardless, nimbate head of Christ on breast.

REV Full length figure of emperor on l. crowned by Christ bearded and nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, and chlamys holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. anexikakia, Christ wearing tunic and kolobion, holds gospels in l. hand.

Size 19.51mm

Weight 3.3 gm

Metropolitan Issues were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content added but for Andronicus I cant find how much under Manuel it fluctuated between 1% and 4% however by this time I would assume a decline. By the time of Isaac II the amount was 1% to 2% these still were more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Metropolitan issues are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues.

DOC lists 14 examples with weights from 2.49gm to 4.54gm and sizes from 18mm to 23mm

I have had this one from the early years of my collection, it far surpasses my other example
Simon
z5~0.jpg
1986 ANDRONICUS METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON SBCV-1986 DOC 5 CLBC 5.4.1 4 viewsOBV Full length figure of Virgin nimbate, wearing tunic and maphorion, standing on dais, holds nimbate beardless, nimbate head of Christ on breast.

REV Full length figure of emperor on l. crowned by Christ bearded and nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, and chlamys holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. anexikakia, Christ wearing tunic and kolobion, holds gospels in l. hand.

Size 20.84

Weight 4.55gm

Metropolitan Issues were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content added but for Andronicus I cant find how much under Manuel it fluctuated between 1% and 4% however by this time I would assume a decline. By the time of Isaac II the amount was 1% to 2% these still were more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Metropolitan issues are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues.

DOC lists 14 examples with weights from 2.49gm to 4.54gm and sizes from 18mm to 23mm

I have had this one from the early years of my collection, it far surpasses my other example
Simon
s-1986b.jpg
1986A ANDRONICUS METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1986 DOC 5 CLBC 5.4.1 56 views OBV Full length figure of Virgin nimbate, wearing tunic and maphorion, standing on dais, holds nimbate beardless, nimbate head of Christ on breast.

REV Full length figure of emperor on l. crowned by Christ bearded and nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, and chlamys holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. anexikakia, Christ wearing tunic and kolobion, holds gospels in l. hand.

Size 20/16mm

Weight 4.2gm

Metropolitan Issues were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content added but for Andronicus I cant find how much under Manuel it fluctuated between 1% and 4% however by this time I would assume a decline. By the time of Isaac II the amount was 1% to 2% these still were more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Metropolitan issues are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues.

In todays marketplace this is a true rarity. This one is flawed by scrapes from time.

DOC lists 14 examples with weights from 2.49gm to 4.54gm and sizes from 18mm to 23mm


Simon
s-1986.jpg
1986C ANDRONICUS METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON S-1986 DOC 5 CLBC 5.4.1 34 viewsOBV Full length figure of Virgin nimbate, wearing tunic and maphorion, standing on dais, holds nimbate beardless, nimbate head of Christ on breast.

REV Full length figure of emperor on l. crowned by Christ bearded and nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, and chlamys holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. anexikakia, Christ wearing tunic and kolobion, holds gospels in l. hand.

Size

Weight

Metropolitan Issues were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content added but for Andronicus I cant find how much under Manuel it fluctuated between 1% and 4% however by this time I would assume a decline. By the time of Isaac II the amount was 1% to 2% these still were more than likely were tariffed at a higher rate than the Thessalonica issues that have been shown to have no silver content. Metropolitan issues are in general far scarcer than the Thessalonica issues.

DOC lists 14 examples with weights from 2.49gm to 4.54gm and sizes from 18mm to 23mm

This is a new acquisition as par of an old collection, not great but some details not usually seen.
Simon
1c~3.jpg
1987 ANDRONICUS AE TETARTERON S-1987 DOC 6 CLBC 5.4.2 51 viewsOBV Bust of Virgin nimbate orans, wearing tunic and maphorion; beardless, nimbate head of Christ on breast.

REV Bust of emperor wearing stemma, skaramangion or divitision, and sagion; holds in r. hand labarum headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger.

Size 22mm

Weight 5.9gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in todays marketplace.

A really nice example much heaver than norm, beautiful portrait of Virgin.

DOC lists 6 examples with weights ranging from 2.54 gm to 4.91 gm with sizes from 20mm to 23mm.
1 commentsSimon
f6.jpg
1987A ANDRONICUS AE TETARTERON S-1987 DOC 6 CLBC 5.4.2 27 views

OBV Bust of Virgin nimbate orans, wearing tunic and maphorion; beardless, nimbate head of Christ on breast.

REV Bust of emperor wearing stemma, skaramangion or divitision, and sagion; holds in r. hand labarum headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger.

Size 21.96 mm

Weight 5.1gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in todays marketplace.

DOC lists 6 examples with weights ranging from 2.54 gm to 4.91 gm with sizes from 20mm to 23mm

One of my first tetartera, still a favorite.
1 commentsSimon
sear1989c.jpg
1989A ANDRONICUS HALF TETARTERON S-1989 DOC 8 CLBC 5.4.348 viewsOBV Bust of Virgin nimbate, orans, wearing tunic and maphorion; beardless. Nimbate head of Christ on breast.

REV Bust of emperor wearing stemma, skaramangion or divitision and sagion; holds in r hand labrum headed scepter, and in l. globus cruciger.

Size 15.48

Weight 2.5m

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in todays marketplace.

DOC lists 3 examples with weights ranging from 1.38 gm to 2.46 gm with sizes from 15mm to 18mm.

This is my third example of this Very rare coin, it has a chipped patina but detail is a bit better than my other examples.
Simon
b6.jpg
1989a ANDRONICUS HALF TETARTERON S-1989 DOC 8 CLBC 5.4.3 27 views
OBV Bust of Virgin nimbate, orans, wearing tunic and maphorion; beardless. Nimbate head of Christ on breast.

REV Bust of emperor wearing stemma, skaramangion or divitision and sagion; holds in r hand labrum headed scepter, and in l. globus cruciger.

Size 22 mm

Weight 3.4 gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in todays marketplace.

Size is off on this example but the die size is 12mm making it a half tetartera, it is aEF example, again large flan making it an excellent example.

DOC lists 3 examples with weights ranging from 1.38 gm to 2.46 gm with sizes from 15mm to 18mm.
1 commentsSimon
sear1989B.jpg
1989B ANDRONICUS HALF TETARTERON S-1989 DOC 8 CLBC 5.4.343 viewsOBV Bust of Virgin nimbate, orans, wearing tunic and maphorion; beardless. Nimbate head of Christ on breast.

REV Bust of emperor wearing stemma, skaramangion or divitision and sagion; holds in r hand labrum headed scepter, and in l. globus cruciger.

Size 15.32

Weight 2.0gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in todays marketplace.

DOC lists 3 examples with weights ranging from 1.38 gm to 2.46 gm with sizes from 15mm to 18mm.

This is my third example of this Very rare coin, well worn but all three examples have a die diameter of 12mm
Simon
Tetartern Andronico I SB01987.jpg
59-05 - Andronico I (09/1183 - 12/09/1185 D.C.)28 viewsAE Tetarteron 18 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "MH - ΘV" (Madre de Dios) en campos izquierdo y derecho - Busto de la Virgen vista de frente, vistiendo nimbus (Halo redondo que rodea su busto), Pallium (Tipo de capa o manto) y Maphorium (Largo velo que cubre su cabeza y hombros), sosteniendo delante de Ella la cabeza nimbada de un Cristo nio mirando al frente.
Rev: " ANΔPONIKOC" Algo larga figura del Emperador de frente, vistiendo corona, Scaramagion y Sagion (Sago - capa corta romana de uso militar). Portando Labarum (Lbaro, Ensea militar usado como estandarte imperial), en mano derecha y Orbe con cruz en izquierda.

Acuada 1183 - 1185 D.C.
Ceca: Tessalonica

Referencias: Sear BCTV #1987 Pag. 401 - Hendy CMBE pl.19.2 - B.M.C.#13-16 - Ratto M.B.#2171 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #1-5
mdelvalle
Sear_2451.jpg
82. Andronicus II and Michael IX, AE assarion, Constantinople.8 viewsAndronicus II and Michael IX
AE assarion, Constantinople.

O: AVTOKPATOPEC RWMAIWN, Andronicus, on left and Michael, on right, both standing facing, holding labarum between them

R: B and retrograde B to left and right of patriarchal cross.

SB 2451.

Thanks to FORVM member glebe for helping to ID!
Sosius
sear_2440_2011-02-13.jpg
AE assaria Andronicus II and Michael IX SB 244025 viewsObverse: Three quarter length of Andronicus II bearded on l., and of Michael IX, beardless on r., wearing stema, div and panelled loros of simplified type, between them labarum on long shaft. Both emperors in r. and l. hand respectively hold sc. cr.
Reverse: In Legend in four lines AVTO/KPATO/PECPW/MAIW
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1295-1320 CE
Sear 2440
20mm/ gm

1 commentswileyc
sb_2436.jpg
AE assarion Andronicus II and Michael IX41 viewsObverse: Andronicus l., and Michael r., holding labarum between them.
Reverse: KVPIE CWCON TUCBCIAEIC around bust of Christ
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1295-1320 CE
Sear 2436
12/16mm 1.00 gm
1 commentswileyc
2010-12-8_SB_2428.jpg
AE assarion Andronicus II and Michael IX clipped20 viewsObverse: Andronicus l., and Michael r., holding patriarchal cross between them.
Reverse: KVPIE BOH"O"V TOVC BACI"A" around bust of Christ
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1295-1320 CE
Sear 2428
10/14 mm .83 gm
wileyc
SB2481.jpg
AE Assarion, Andronicus Palaeologus III, SB 248125 viewsObverse: Cross fleury
Reverse: Andronicus standing holding sceptre
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1328-1342 CE
Sear 2481
21mm, 1.16
wileyc
sear_1987a.jpg
AE Tetarteron Andronicus Comnenus SB 198748 viewsObverse: Facing bust of the Virgan orans, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorim: on her breast, nimbate hd. of the infant Christ facing to l. MP OV barred over shoulders
Reverse: ANAPONIKOC or similar, half length figure of Andronicus facing with forked beard, wearing crown, scaramangion and sagion, holding labarum and gl. cr.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1183-1185 CE
Sear 1987 H.19.2
20mm 3.64gm
wileyc
sear_1987.jpg
AE Tetarteron Andronicus Comnenus SB 198724 viewsObverse: Facing bust of the Virgan orans, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorim: on her breast, nimbate hd. of the infant Christ facing to l. MP OV barred over shoulders
Reverse: ANAPONIKOC or similar, half length figure of Andronicus facing with forked beard, wearing crown, scaramangion and sagion, holding labarum and gl. cr.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1183-1185 CE
Sear 1987 H.19.2
29mm 2.73gm
wileyc
sb_2482.jpg
AE trachy (broken) Andronicus Palaeologus III SB 248230 viewsObverse: bust of St. Demetrius
Reverse Archangel Michael stg. L crowning Andronicus r. who holds patriarchal cross in each hand
Mint: Thessalonica
Date 1328-1341 CE
Sear 2482
15/19 mm .73 gm
wileyc
sear_2492.jpg
AE trachy (broken) Andronicus Palaeologus III SB 249229 viewsObverse: Bust of Archangel Michael(?)
Reverse: Half-length figure of Andronicus holding a globus in each hand
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1328-1341 CE
Sear 2492
18mm .68 gm
wileyc
sear_2384.jpg
AE trachy (cut) Andronicus Palaeologus II SB 238441 viewsObverse: Winged patriarchal cross
Reverse: Andronicus stg. holding akakia and labarum
Mint: Thessalonica
Date 1282-1328 CE
Sear 2384 Gr 1446
19mm 0.83 gm
wileyc
sb2374_22mm131g_.jpg
AE trachy Andronicus II13 viewsObv: Bust of St Demetrios facing
Rev: Winged bust of Andronicus, holding sword and akakia over battlements.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1282-1328 CE
22mm, 1.31 g
SB 2374, Gr 1440
wileyc
sb_2458.jpg
AE trachy Andronicus II and Michael IX SB 245838 viewsObverse: Two concentric circles bisected by three vertical lines
Reverse: Andronicus l., and MIchael r. stg holding cross in circle on staff between them
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1295-1320
Sear 2458
19mm 1.41gm
wileyc
sb2482_18mm95g.jpg
AE Trachy Andronicus III10 viewsObv: Bust of St. Demetrios
Rev: Archangel Michael Crowning emperor.
Mint: Thessaloniki
Date: 1328-1341
18mm .92g
SB 2482
wileyc
sear_2373.jpg
AE trachy Andronicus Palaeologus II SB 237328 viewsObverse: St. Demetrius stg
Reverse: Andronicus stg., holding sceptre and globus
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1282-1328 CE
Sear 2373 Gr. 1438
21mm .97 gm
wileyc
2011-01-33.jpg
AE trachy Andronicus Palaeologus II SB 238410 viewsObverse: Winged patriarchal cross with wing to right LArge reverse B in left field
Reverse: Andronicus standing holding akakia star above in rt hand labarum in left
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1282-1328 CE
Sear 2384 Gr. 1446
11/20 mm 1.08 gm
wileyc
2011-01-32.jpg
AE trachy Andronicus Palaeologus II SB 238717 viewsObverse: Patriarchal cross and two stars
Reverse: Andronicus atanding holding cross in circle on staff in each hand.
Mint: Thessalonica
Sear 2387 Gr. 1449
15/20 mm 1.29gm
wileyc
sear_2387.jpg
AE trachy Andronicus Palaeologus II SB 238724 viewsObverse: Patriarchal cross and two stars
Reverse: Andronicus st holding cross in circle on staff in each hand.
Mint: Thessalonica
Sear 2387 Gr 1449
19mm .99gm

As David Sear notes many of these coins from the mint of Thessalonica are without legends and are diffcult to differentiate between Andronicus II and III
wileyc
2010-03-13.jpg
AE trachy Andronicus Palaeologus II SB 239137 viewsObverse: Cross formed by four petals, superimposed on a square
Reverse: Andronicus stg., holding a star in each hand; stars in field.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1282-1328 CE
Sear 2391 Gr. 1453
15/11 mm .65 gm
wileyc
sb_2391.jpg
AE trachy Andronicus Palaeologus II SB 2391 (halved)27 viewsObverse: Cross formed by four petals
Reverse: Andronicus stg., holding a star in each hand; stars in field.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1282-1328 CE
Sear 2391 Gr. 1453
18/9 mm .99 gm
wileyc
2011-01-31.jpg
AE trachy Andronicus Palaeologus II SB 239340 viewsObverse: Large six pointed star,
Reverse: Andronicus stanging, holding a Large B in each hand.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1282-1328 CE
Sear 2393 Gr.1454
14/17 mm .54 gm
wileyc
sb249420mm63g.jpg
AE trachy, Andronicus Palaeologus III 1328-1341 CE23 viewsObverse: Palaeologon monogram
Reverse: Andronicus standing, holding sceptre and akakia
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1328-1341 CE
Sear 2494
20mm, .63g
wileyc
AndyDOC6.jpg
ANDRONICUS AE Tetarteron S-1987 DOC 6218 viewsFacing bust of the Virgin orans, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium; on her breast nimbate head of the infant Christ; to l MP to R. OV Rev. Half length figure of Andronicus facing with forked beard, wearing crown , scaramangion and saigon and holding labarum and gl. cr. Thessalonica Mint, 21mm a Very Fine, really attractive coin.
DOC 6
Simon
TrachyAndronicus.jpg
Andronicus AE Trachy S-1985 DOC 30 var B246 viewsFull length figure of Virgin nimbate. Wearing tunic ans maphorion standing on gias holding nimbate Christ at breast.

REV Full lenghth figure of emperor on l. being crowned by Christ bearded and nimbate. Emperor wears stemma , divitision collar piece and jeweled loros of simplified type holds in r. hand labarum headed sceptre and in l. Gl Cr. Christ wears tunic and kolobion holds gospels in l. hand. Var B Three jewels between colar piece and waist. 30mm
Simon
l4.jpg
Andronicus AE Trachy SBVC-1985 DOC 30 14 views
Full length figure of Virgin nimbate. Wearing tunic ans maphorion standing on gias holding nimbate Christ at breast.

REV Full lenghth figure of emperor on l. being crowned by Christ bearded and nimbate. Emperor wears stemma , divitision collar piece and jeweled loros of simplified type holds in r. hand labarum headed sceptre and in l. Gl Cr. Christ wears tunic and kolobion holds gospels in l. hand. Var B Three jewels between colar piece and waist
Simon
AndyDOC8.jpg
ANDRONICUS I AE 1/2 Tetarteron S-1989 DOC 8180 viewsFacing bust of the Virgin orans, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium; on her breast nimbate head of the infant Christ; to l MP to R. OV Rev. Half length figure of Andronicus facing with forked beard, wearing crown , scaramangion and saigon and holding labarum and gl. cr. Uncertain Greek Mint. 18mm Very Fine .

Excellent example because of the large flan, I consider this coin to be extremly rare. DOC 8
Simon
DOCandyhalf.jpg
ANDRONICUS I AE 1/2 Tetarteron S-1989 DOC 8163 viewsFacing bust of the Virgin orans, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium; on her breast nimbate head of the infant Christ; to l MP to R. OV Rev. Half length figure of Andronicus facing with forked beard, wearing crown , scaramangion and saigon and holding labarum and gl. cr. Uncertain Greek Mint 15mm

Not as nice as my other example but an extremely rare coin, this is only the second one ( mine being the other.) I have seen besides the one pictured in DOC.
Simon
xb2.jpg
ANDRONICUS I AE Tetarteron S-1986 DOC 5179 viewsFacing bust of the Virgin , nimbate hd. of the infant Christ facing. to l. MP to r. OV Rev Full length figure of Emperor on l. crowned by Christ bearded and nimbate. Emperor wears stemma , divitision and chalmys; holds in r hand labarum on a long shaft and in l anexikia Christ wearing tunic and kolobion holds gospel in l. hand. Constantinople mint 20mm Very Fine DOC51 commentsSimon
AndyDOC6v2.jpg
ANDRONICUS I AE Tetarteron S-1987 DOC6174 viewsFacing bust of the Virgin orans, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium; on her breast nimbate head of the infant Christ; to l MP to R. OV Rev. Half length figure of Andronicus facing with forked beard, wearing crown , scaramangion and saigon and holding labarum and gl. cr. Thessalonica Mint, 20mm Very Fine nice details. DOC6 Simon
a66.jpg
Andronicus I AE tetarteron Thessalonica Sear 198735 viewsTask_Force
andron.jpg
Andronicus I Comnenus (1183 - 1185 A.D.)34 viewsBillon Trachy
O: MP - ΘV. The Theotokos (Virgin Mary) standing facing on dais, holding bust of the infant Christ.
R: ANΔPONIKOC ΔECΠOTHC / IC - XC. Andronicus standing facing, holding labarum and globus cruciger, being crowned by Christ to right, holding Gospels.
Constantinople Mint
2.95
sb 1985
1 commentsMat
andronicus.jpg
ANDRONICUS I Comnenus, Trachy, Sear 198514 viewsANDRONICUS I Comnenus, A.D. 1183-1185 Aspron Trachy, Obv. ΜΡ-ΘΥ, The Virgin standing facing. Rev. .ΝΔΡ....ΔΕ..., Andronicus standing facing, crowned by Christ. 3.6 g, 30 mm. BCV 1985.Podiceps
Andronicus_I,_SBCV_1985.JPG
Andronicus I, SBCV 198511 viewsNimbate standing and facing figure of Virgin holding icon of head of infant Christ, MV - ΘV to sides
[ANΔPONIKOC ΔECΠOTHC]
Standing facing figure of Andronicus with forked beard being crowned by nimbate, bearded figure of Christ, IC - XC to sides of head
Constantinople
AE trachy, 32mm, 2.69g
novacystis
Andronicus_I_SBCV_1987.JPG
Andronicus I, SBCV 198715 viewsANΔPO NIKOS
AE Tetarteron
No legend - Facing bust of Virgin Orans with infant christ on breast MP / ӨV
Half length figure of Andronicus with forked beard, holding labarum and globus cruciger
Thessalonica mint, 24mm, 3.62g
novacystis
Andronicus_I,_SBCV_1987.JPG
Andronicus I, SBCV 198736 viewsANΔPO NIKOS
AE Tetarteron
No legend - Facing bust of Virgin Orans with infant christ on breast MP / ӨV
Half length figure of Andronicus with forked beard, holding labarum and globus cruciger
Thessalonica mint, 22mm, 5.08g
1 commentsnovacystis
a65.jpg
Andronicus II AE trachy Thessalonica Sear 237236 viewsObv: Bust of St. Demetrius
Rev: Andronicus standing holding a fleur-de-lis in each hand
Task_Force
a10.jpg
Andronicus II AE Trachy Thessalonica Sear 238714 viewsObv: Patriarchal cross and two stars.
Rev: Andronicus standing holding cross in circle on staff in each hand.
Task_Force
a14.jpg
Andronicus II AE Trachy Thessalonica Sear 238728 viewsObv: Patriarchal cross and two stars.
Rev: Andronicus standing holding cross in circle on staff in each hand.
Task_Force
a11.jpg
Andronicus II AE Trachy Thessalonica Sear 238723 viewsObv: Patriarchal cross and two stars.
Rev: Andronicus standing holding cross in circle on staff in each hand.
Task_Force
a12.jpg
Andronicus II AE Trachy Thessalonica Sear 238725 viewsObv: Patriarchal cross and two stars.
Rev: Andronicus standing holding cross in circle on staff in each hand.
Task_Force
Andronicus_II_and_Michael_IX_DOC_Cl__XXIII.JPG
Andronicus II and Michael IX, DOC Cl. XXIII23 viewsLarge Cross with bars at the tips, stars in upper corners, retrograde B B in the lower corners
ANΔPON[IKOC MIXAH&Lambda]
Large patriarchal Cross supported by 2/3 length figures of Andronicus and Michael
AE assarion, 20mm, 0.93g
novacystis
Andronicus_II_and_Michael_IX_SBCV_2402_DOC.JPG
Andronicus II and Michael IX, SBCV 2402, DOC Cl. VII20 viewsBOHΘEI K[VPIE]
Christ seated on backless throne, hand raised in benediction, IC XC about nimbate head
POMAION [AVTOKPATOIE]
Andronicus and Michael holding labarum between
AR basilicon, 21mm, 2.13g

Specimen is weakly struck
novacystis
Andronicus_II_SBCV_2330_DOC_Cl__II.JPG
Andronicus II, SBCV 2330, DOC Cl. II21 viewsHead of cherub surrounded by four stars and Crosses
A N ΔP ON in columns to left, unclear letters to right
Andronicus kneeling before Christ being supported by St. Michael, IC XC around Christ's head
AE aspron trachy, 25mm, 2.00g

Sadly, the specimen is holed
novacystis
Andronicus_II_SBCV_2360_DOC_Cl__XXXVIII.JPG
Andronicus II, SBCV 2360, DOC Cl. XXXVIII (Thessalonica)15 viewsO AΓ IO S / [Δ MH Tp]
Bust of St. Demetrius holding small Cross to breast
Andronicus left, holding Cross scepter, being blessed by Virgin, star above, retrograde B between M ΘV to sides in field
AE aspron trachy, 20mm, 0.95g
novacystis
Andronicus_II_SBCV_2372_DOC_Cl__VII.JPG
Andronicus II, SBCV 2372, DOC Cl. VII (Thessalonica)19 viewsΓ OA [Δ HMH Tp IS]
Bust of St. Demetrius facing, holding sword and shield
[ANΔ ... ΔΠΓC]
Andronicus standing, holding two large Fleur-de-lis
Thessalonica mint
AE aspron trachy, 21mm, 1.81g
novacystis
Andronicus_II_SBCV_2373_DOC_Cl__XXXIV.JPG
Andronicus II, SBCV 2373, DOC Cl. XXXIV (Thessalonica)15 viewsObverse brockage
No legend
Andronicus standing with Cross and globus cruciger, Manus Dei upper right
AE aspron trachy, 21mm, 1.54g
novacystis
Andronicus_II_SBCV_2377_DOC_Cl__XXVII.JPG
Andronicus II, SBCV 2377, DOC Cl. XXVII (Thessalonica)18 viewsBrockage obverse
No legend
Emperor standing,facing supporting large Patriarchal Cross and holding akakia, star in left field
Thessalonica
AE trachy 22mm, 1.60g
novacystis
Andronicus_II_SBCV_2379_DOC_Cl__XLIII.JPG
Andronicus II, SBCV 2379, DOC Cl. XLIII (Thessalonica)18 viewsFull brockage
No legend
Winged emperor standing, facing, holding patriarchal Cross and scepter
AE aspron trachy, 21mm, 1.76g
novacystis
Andronicus_II_SBCV_2380_DOC_Cl__X.JPG
Andronicus II, SBCV 2380, DOC Cl. X (Thessalonica)19 viewsSt. Demetrius with sword and shield between B and retrograde B
ANΔPONIKOC [ΔECΠOT] to sides
Andronicus standing holding large cross and scepter, stars above
Thessalonica

AE aspron trachy, 21mm, 1.68g
novacystis
Andronicus2_SBCV2383.jpg
Andronicus II, SBCV 238312 viewsWing with Patriarchal Cross
ANXΔ
Emperor standing, facing, holding haloed cross and labarum scepter
Thessalonica
AE trachy
21mm, 1.41g

Class XXXII
novacystis
Andronicus_II_SBCV_2383_DOC_Cl__XXXII.JPG
Andronicus II, SBCV 2383, DOC Cl. XXXII (Thessalonica)14 viewsBrockage obverse
Facing figure of Emperor holding haloed cross and labarum, Paleologan monogram in upper left field
Thessalonica
AE trachy, 22mm, 1.58g
novacystis
Andronicus2_SBCV2387.jpg
Andronicus II, SBCV 238711 viewsNo legend
Large Patriarchal Cross with two stars
Emperor standing, facing, holding two haloed Crosses
Constantinople
AE trachy
19mm, 1.52mm

Class XXX
novacystis
Andronicus_II_SBCV_2387_DOC_Cl__XXX.JPG
Andronicus II, SBCV 2387, DOC Cl. XXX (Thessalonica)14 viewsObverse full brockage
[ANIKC]
Andronicus standing, facing, holding two haloed Crosses
Thessalonica

AE aspron trachy, 19mm, 1.06g
novacystis
Andronicus2_Sear_2388.jpg
Andronicus II, SBCV 23886 viewsNo legend
Large Patriarchal Cross, IC/XC, N/K to sides
Emperor standing, holding Cross-scepter and akakia, 5 stars in field
AE trachy
19.5mm. 0.66g
Thessalonica
novacystis
Andronicus_II_SBCV_2390_DOC_Cl__XXIX.jpg
Andronicus II, SBCV 2390, DOC Cl. XXIX (Thessalonica)17 viewsLarge, four petal flower with stars at each corner
[ANΔ KO]
Andronicus standing, holding large fleur-dre-lis
Thessalonica
AE aspron trachy, 22mm, 2.11g
novacystis
Andronicus2_SBCV2391.jpg
Andronicus II, SBCV 239112 viewsElaborate four-petal flower
Emperor standing, facing with two stars right and two stars left
AE trachy
Thessalonica
22mm, 2.04g
novacystis
Andronicus_II_SBCV_2435.JPG
Andronicus II, SBCV 243514 viewsHalf length figure of winged St. Michael with scepter and globus
Two emperors standing, holding labarum
Constantinople
AE trachy
16mm, 0.91g
novacystis
Andronicus2_SBCV2439.jpg
Andronicus II, SBCV 243913 viewsHalf length figure of winged St. Michael with scepter and globus
Two emperors standing, holding labarum
Constantinople
AE trachy
16mm, 0.91g
novacystis
Andronicus_II_SBCV_2440_DOC_Cl__XIII.JPG
Andronicus II, SBCV 2440, DOC Cl. XIII15 viewsANΔPO NIKOC
3/4 length figures of Andronicus II and Michael IX wearing chlamys and holding labarum between
AVTO / KPATO / PEC POM / AIΩN in four lines
AE Assarion, 22mm, 1.38g
novacystis
Andronicus2_Sear_2445.jpg
Andronicus II, SBCV 24455 viewsLarge NIΩ
Two emperors standing, facing
AE assarion
20.5mm, 1.21g
Constantinople
novacystis
Andronicus_II_SBCV_2457_DOC_Cl__XIX.JPG
Andronicus II, SBCV 2457, DOC Cl. XIX (Thessalonica)10 viewsNo legend
Six petaled flower
No legend
Facing figures of Michael holding a cross scepter and akakia being crowned by Andronicus holding an akakia
Thessalonica
AE trachy, 22mm, 1.84g
novacystis
Andronicus2_sear_2458.jpg
Andronicus II, SBCV 24584 viewsNo legend
Two concentric circles bisected by vertical band
No legend
Half length figures of emperors facing, holding between a haloed cross
AE trachy, heavily clipped
23mm, 0.86g
Thessalonica
novacystis
Andronicus_II_SBCV_2458_DOC_Cl__XXIV.JPG
Andronicus II, SBCV 2458, DOC Cl. XXIV (Thessalonica)15 viewsNo legend
Two concentric circles bisected by line
Nl legend
half length facing figures of Andronicus and Michael holding long haloed Cross between
Thessalonica
AE trachy, 22mm, 1.86g
novacystis
Andronicus2_Sear_2384.jpg
Andronicus II, SBCV 24844 viewsNo legend
winged patriarchal Cross
3/4 length figure of emperor holding akakia an labarum, star in left field
AE trachy, heavily clipped
17mm, 0.50g
Thessalonica
novacystis
SBCV_2360.jpg
Andronicus II, Sear 23606 views[AΓIO / ΔMHTP]
St. Demetrius holding small Cross to breast
No legend
Andronicus standing left holding Cross scepter, being crowned by Virgin, Star above, Retrograde B below
AE aspron trachy, 22mm, 0.83g
novacystis
SBCV_2373.jpg
Andronicus II, Sear 23737 viewsAΓ / ΔMHTP
St. Demetrius standing with spear and shield
No legend
Andronicus standing with Cross and globus cruciger, two stars to left in field, Manus Dei upper right
AE aspron trachy, 21mm, 1.54g
Thessalonica
novacystis
andr.jpg
ANDRONICUS II. 1282-132821 viewsSt. Demetrius / Andronicus crowned by Christ - B in the field. SB 2360 Alexios
s-l1600.jpg
Andronicus III, AE assarion. Constantinople. 1328-1341 AD.14 viewsAndronicus III, AE assarion. Constantinople. 1328-1341 AD. ANDPONIKOC, Andronicus, standing, holding sceptre / Cross with v-shaped leaves on ends. Sear 2481. DOC 912. LBC 831.Britanikus
Andronicus_III_DOC_Cl__XIX.JPG
Andronicus III, DOC Cl. XIX15 viewsPaleologos monogram
ΔMH ANΔP
Three quarter length figures of St. Demetrius and Andronicus holding staff surmounted by flour de lis
Thessalonica
AE assarion, 18mm, 0.93g
novacystis
Andronicus3_SBCV2482.jpg
Andronicus III, SBCV 248211 viewsBust of St Demetrius wearing armor and holding spear
AM above saint, AN to right of emperor
St. Michael standing left blessing emperor who is holding to patriarchal crosses
Thessalonica
AE trachy
20mm, 0.69g
novacystis
Andronicus_III_SBCV_2483_DOC_Cl__III.JPG
Andronicus III, SBCV 2483, DOC Cl. III13 viewsWinged patriarchal Cross
No legend
Half-length figure of Andronicus and St. Demetrius holding long Cross between
AE Trachy, 16mm, 0.72g

Specimen is clipped
novacystis
SBCV_2487a.jpg
Andronicus III, SBCV 24876 views[AΓ / IO left ΔMHTP right]
St. Demetrius seated with sword on knees
No legend
Emperor standing, facing, holding Cross scepter in left hand and large lis in right hand, seven stars in field
AE Assaron, halved
Thessalonica
18.5mm,0.64g
novacystis
SBCV_2487.JPG
Andronicus III, SBCV 248711 viewsAΓ / IO left ΔMHTP right
St. Demetrius seated with sword on knees
No legend
Emperor standing, facing, holding Cross scepter in left hand and large lis in right hand, seven stars in field
AE Assaron
Thessalonica
22mm, 1.04g
novacystis
Andronicus_III_SBCV_2492_DOC_Cl__XXXIII.JPG
Andronicus III, SBCV 2492, DOC Cl. XXXIII (Andronicus II) 14 viewsBust of military saint holding sword on shoulder
No legend
Bust of Andronicus holding two globi crucigeri
Thessalonica
AE aspron trachy, 20mm, 0.72g

Specimen is broken and reglued
novacystis
SBCV_2359.jpg
Andronicus III, Sear 23599 viewsNo legend
Half figure of Archangel facing, holding sword and shield
Legend illegible
Emperor crouching before Christ
Thessalonica
AE Assaron halved
16.5mm, 0.42g
novacystis
byzlate.jpg
assarions38 viewsANDRONICUS II, Palaeologus, with MICHAEL IX. 1282-1328. Assarion (2.19 gm). Constantinople mint. Nimbate facing half-figure of Archangel Michael, holding sceptre and globe / Andronicus and Michael being blessed by Christ. DOC V 677; Bendall 168; SB 2435. VF, dark green patina. Alexios
sear_1985b.jpg
Billion Aspron Trachy Andronicus I SB 198532 viewsObverse: The virgin stg. facing on dais, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium, she hold before her nimbate head of the infant Christ facing to l.
Reverse: AN(delta)PONIKOC (delta)ECIIOTHC or similar. Christ bearded and with nimbus cross or r. and Andronicus with forked beard on l., both stg. facing. Christ wears pallium and colobium holds book of gospels in l. hand, and with his r. crowns the emperor who wears divitision and loros. Holds labarum and gl. cr., between their heads IC ro r., XC.
Mint: Constantinople
Date 1183-1185 CE
Sear 1985
27mm 4.25gm
wileyc
sear_1985a.jpg
Billion Aspron Trachy Andronicus I SB 198588 viewsObverse: The virgin stg. facing on dais, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium, she hold before her nimbate head of the infant Christ facing to l.
Reverse: AN(delta)PONIKOC (delta)ECIIOTHC or similar. Christ bearded and with nimbus cross or r. and Andronicus with forked beard on l., both stg. facing. Christ wears pallium and colobium holds book of gospels in l. hand, and with his r. crowns the emperor who wears divitision and loros. Holds labarum and gl. cr., between their heads IC ro r., XC.
Mint: Constantinople
Date 1183-1185 CE
Sear 1985
27mm 4.43 gm
1 commentswileyc
sb198529mm300g.jpg
Billion Aspron Trachy Andronicus I SB 198555 viewsObverse: The virgin stg. facing on dais, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium, she hold before her nimbate head of the infant Christ facing to l.
Reverse: AN(delta)PONIKOC (delta)ECIIOTHC or similar. Christ bearded and with nimbus cross or r. and Andronicus with forked beard on l., both stg. facing. Christ wears pallium and colobium holds book of gospels in l. hand, and with his r. crowns the emperor who wears divitision and loros. Holds labarum and gl. cr., between their heads IC ro r., XC.
Mint: Constantinople
Date 1183-1185 CE
Sear 1985
29mm 3.00 gm
wileyc
sb198530mm424g.jpg
Billion Aspron Trachy Andronicus I SB 198548 viewsObverse: The virgin stg. facing on dais, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium, she hold before her nimbate head of the infant Christ facing to l.
Reverse: AN(delta)PONIKOC (delta)ECIIOTHC or similar. Christ bearded and with nimbus cross or r. and Andronicus with forked beard on l., both stg. facing. Christ wears pallium and colobium holds book of gospels in l. hand, and with his r. crowns the emperor who wears divitision and loros. Holds labarum and gl. cr., between their heads IC ro r., XC.
Mint: Constantinople
Date 1183-1185 CE
Sear 1985
30mm 4.24 gm
wileyc
ANDRONICUS I 2nd.jpg
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - ANDRONICUS I82 viewsAndronicus I billon Cup THE VIRGIN STANDING Andronicus I 1183-1185, Beautiful cup coin. 3.04 g., 30 mm. Obv. : The Virgin standing facing, holding a nimbate head of the infant Christ. Rev.: Andronicus crowned by Christ dpaul7
ANDRONICUS I 1ST.jpg
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - ANDRONICUS I83 viewsAndronicus I billon Cup THE VIRGIN STANDING Andronicus I 1183-1185, Beautiful cup coin. 3.77 g., 30 mm. Obv. : The Virgin standing facing, holding a nimbate head of the infant Christ. Rev.: Andronicus crowned by Christ dpaul7
andronicus ii.jpg
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - Andronicus II84 viewsAndronicus II Palaeologus Sole reign (1282 1295) Thessalonica mint. Obv.: BROCKAGE - Incuse imprint of the reverse image. It should be Patriarchal cross with one wing and monogram B. Rev.: Andronicus II standing facing. Holding cross in circle. Ref: C. Dochev, p. 143, 10 and p. 251, Pl. L, 10, 22 mm, 1.47 g. RARE. Sear 2383.dpaul7
Basilikon_k.jpg
BYZANTINE EMPIRE. Andronicus II and Michael IX, AD 1295-132010 viewsAR Basilikon, 22mm, 2.1g, 6h; Mint of Constantinople.
Obv.: IC XC KVREI BOHΘH, Christ enthroned, right hand raised in benediction, large dot either side.
Rev.: ΑVΤΩΚΡΑΤΟ - PΕC PWΜΑION; Andronicus standing left and Michael standing right; holding between them a labarum.
Reference: DOC V part 1.Class VIII.(f) 528-534
From the H8Modern Collection / 17-142-115
John Anthony
Sear-1985a.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus I Commenos (1183-1185) Trachy, Constantinople (Sear-1985)44 viewsObv: MP - ΘV. The Theotokos (Virgin Mary) standing facing on dais, holding bust of the infant Christ.
Rev: ANΔPONIKOC ΔECΠOTHC / IC - XC. Andronicus standing facing, holding labarum and globus cruciger, being crowned by Christ to right, holding Gospels
SpongeBob
Sear-1985.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus I Commenos (1183-1185) Trachy, Constantinople (Sear-1985)57 viewsObv: MP - ΘV. The Theotokos (Virgin Mary) standing facing on dais, holding bust of the infant Christ.
Rev: ANΔPONIKOC ΔECΠOTHC / IC - XC. Andronicus standing facing, holding labarum and globus cruciger, being crowned by Christ to right, holding Gospels
1 commentsSpongeBob
Sear-1985b.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus I Commenos (1183-1185) Trachy, Constantinople (Sear-1985)25 viewsObv: MP - ΘV. The Theotokos (Virgin Mary) standing facing on dais, holding bust of the infant Christ.
Rev: ANΔPONIKOC ΔECΠOTHC / IC - XC. Andronicus standing facing, holding labarum and globus cruciger, being crowned by Christ to right, holding Gospels
SpongeBob
Sear-1989.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus I Comnenus (1183-1185) Half Tetarteron, Uncertain Mint (Sear-1989; DOC-8)32 viewsObv: Half-length bust of the Virgin Mary facing, orans; medallion with bust of Christ on her chest
Rev: Half-length figure of Andronicus facing, holding labarum and globus cruciger

1 commentsSpongeBob
Sear-1987.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus I Comnenus (1183-1185) Tetarteron, Thessalonica (Sear 1987; DOC IV, 6)24 viewsObv: MP - ΘV in field; Bust of Virgin nimbate orans, wearing tunic and maphorion; beardless, nimbate head of Christ on breast
Rev: ANΔPO-NIKOC; Bust of emperor wearing stemma, skaramangion or divitision, and saigon; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left, globus cruciger
SpongeBob
Sear-1987(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus I Comnenus (1183-1185) Tetarteron, Thessalonica (Sear 1987; DOC IV, 6)19 viewsObv: MP - ΘV in field; Bust of Virgin nimbate orans, wearing tunic and maphorion; beardless, nimbate head of Christ on breast
Rev: ANΔPO-NIKOC; Bust of emperor wearing stemma, skaramangion or divitision, and saigon; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left, globus cruciger
Dim: 21 mm; 4.76 g
Quant.Geek
Sear-2341.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328 CE) Trachy, Constantinople (Sear 2341)20 viewsQuant.Geek
Sear-2373(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) AE trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2373; DOC 811; LPC 212.14; PCPC 246; Lianta 687)16 viewsObv: Ⓐ/Γ to left, Δ/MH/TP or variation to right; Full-length figure of St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic, breastplate and sagion; right hand holds spear; left hand holds shield
Rev: Three-quarter-length figure of bearded emperor wearing stemma, divitision, collar-piece and jeweled loros of simplified type; right hand holds scepter cruciger; left hand holds globus cruciger; Manus Dei in upper right field, two stars in left field
Quant.Geek
Sear-2373.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) AE trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2373; DOC 811; LPC 212.14; PCPC 246; Lianta-687)16 viewsObv: Ⓐ/Γ to left, Δ/MH/TP or variation to right; Full-length figure of St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic, breastplate and sagion; right hand holds spear; left hand holds shield
Rev: Three-quarter-length figure of bearded emperor wearing stemma, divitision, collar-piece and jeweled loros of simplified type; right hand holds scepter cruciger; left hand holds globus cruciger; Manus Dei in upper right field, two stars in left field
SpongeBob
Sear-2327.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) BI Tornese, Class III Constantinople Mint (Sear-2327, DOC V-558,559)31 viewsObv: Andronicus standing facing, holding cross-tipped scepter and akakia, being crowned by Manus Dei to upper right; Bs on cloak
Rev: Large B over cross patte; traces of pellets in quarters
SpongeBob
Sear-2327var.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) BI Tornese, Constantinople (Sear-2327var; DOC 558-9; PCPC 94B)13 viewsObv: Andronicus standing facing, holding cross-tipped scepter and akakia; manus Dei to upper right; ; sigla: ᗷ | ᗺ
Rev: Large B over cross patte with pellets in quarters
Quant.Geek
Sear-2334.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Constantinople (Sear-2334)52 viewsObv: Bust of the Virgin, arms spread, within the walls of Constantinople with 6 groups of triple towers, sigla in lower fields A - X
Rev: Christ standing on the right, facing three-quarters lefty, holding Book of Gospels, placing right hand on the head of Andronikos prostrate in proskynesis, Greek legend in fields IC - XC (right) and ANDRONIKOS EN HO DESPOTIS O PALLO (left)
SpongeBob
Sear-2359.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2359; DOC 913-17; PCPC-263)17 viewsObv: Facing bust of St. Michael the Archangel, holding spear
Rev: Andronicus kneeling before and being blessed by Christ standing left
SpongeBob
Sear-2360.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2360)11 viewsObv: Facing bust of St. Demetrius, holding small cross to chest.
Rev: Andronicus standing facing, holding cruciform scepter and being crowned and blessed by the Virgin Mary to right; star above, retrograde B between.
SpongeBob
Sear-2438.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Assarion, Constantinople (Sear 2438; DOC V, 686-89; LPC 90.39; PCPC 171; Lianta 798)8 viewsObv: O/AΓ/IOC/AN to left, Δ/PO/NI/KO/C to right, or similar; Half-length figure of St. Andronicus, beardless and nimbate, wearing episcopal vestments; right hand holds small cross before him
Rev: AVTOKPATOPЄC - POMAIШN; Full-length figure of Andronicus II, bearded on left, and of Michael IX, beardless on right, wearing stemma, divitision, collar-piece and jeweled loros
of simplified type; between them labarum on long shaft. Both emperors place free hands upon chest
Quant.Geek
LPC-12.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Constantinople (LPC-12)16 viewsObv: Bust of Archangel Michael facing, holding scepter and globus
Rev: Andronicus standing facing, holding cruciform scepter and being crowned by Christ standing facing to right
SpongeBob
Sear-2354.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Constantinople (Sear 2354; DOC 591-92; LPC 56.31; PCPC 122)15 viewsObv: Palaeologan monogram in elaborate quatrefoil
Rev: Emperor standing facing, holding labarum-scepter and globe surmounted by ∴ with Manus Dei in upper right field; to left, A/NΔ/PON/IKOC
Quant.Geek
Sear-2335.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Constantinople (Sear-2335; DOC 567)12 viewsObv: The Theotokos Hagiosoritissa standing facing, orans
Rev: Andronicus, holding cross-tipped scepter and akakia, being crowned by military saint


ex Prue Morgan Fitts Collection; ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 355, 15 July 2015, Lot 757
Quant.Geek
Sear-2366.JPG
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2366; Grierson 1433; LPC 208.8)13 viewsObv: Long cross with wing to left
Rev: Three-quarter length figures of Andronicus left, and St. Demetrius right with large cross between them
Quant.Geek
Sear-2366(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2366; Grierson 1433; LPC 208.8)3 viewsObv: Long cross with wing to left
Rev: Three-quarter length figures of Andronicus left, and St. Demetrius right with large cross between them
Dim: 21mm, 1.04 g
Quant.Geek
Sear-2368.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2368; DOC 841-44; Lianta 695-96)18 viewsObv: Three-quarter-length figure of St. Michael, beardless and nimbate
Rev: ΔHMHT - ANΔ; Half-length figure of St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate on left, and of bearded emperor; between them large patriarchal cross. Saint and emperor hold in right and left hand respectively scepter cruciger
Dim: 22mm, 1.29g, 6h

ex Prue Morgan Fitts Collection

Quant.Geek
Sear-2368(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2368; DOC 841-44; Lianta 695-96)12 viewsObv: Brockage
Rev: Half-length figures of St. Demetrius and Andronicus, holding patriarchal cross between them
Dim: 15mm, 0.53g


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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2369; LPC 210.10; PCPC 212; DOC V, Class III, pl. 41,729)18 viewsObv: St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, seated, wearing tunic, breastplate and sagion; right hand holds sword; left hand holds shield
Rev: Emperor, bearded, seated upon throne without back wearing stenuna, divitision., collar-piece and jeweled loros of simplified type; right hand holds globus surmounted by patriarchal cross; left hand holds lily scepter
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2385; DOC V 745-8; LPC 220.24; PCPC 221; Lianta 673-674)16 viewsObv: Two wings with six-pointed star above and below
Rev: Three-quarter length figure of emperor in portico, wearing stemma, divitision, and jeweled loros of traditional type; holds in right hand , and in left hand anexikakia
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2389; DOC V.820; LPC 222.28; PCPC 248)11 viewsObv: Lattice pattern; 8 pointed star at center
Rev: Emperor standing facing, holding large patriarchal cross at left and akakia at right
Dim: 19mm, 1.31 g
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2370; DOC 849)16 viewsObv: Nimbate half-length figure of St. Demetrius facing, holding sword; retrograde B to left
Rev: Winged and crowned facing half-length figure of Andronicus, holding model of city and labarum
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2370; DOC 849-51; LPC p. 210, 11)10 viewsObv: Half-length facing bust of St. Demetrius, holding spear; large retrograde B to left
Rev: Half-length figure of Andronicus standing facing, holding model of city and cross-tipped scepter


ex Prue Morgan Fitts Collection; ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 355, 15 July 2015, Lot 757
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2370; DOC 849-51; LPC p. 210, 11; PCPC 255)14 views Obv: Half-length facing bust of St. Demetrius, holding spear; large retrograde B to left
Rev: Half-length figure of Andronicus standing facing, holding model of city and cross-tipped scepter
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2370; DOC 849-51; LPC p. 210, 11; PCPC 255)8 viewsObv: Half-length facing bust of St. Demetrius, holding spear; large retrograde B to left
Rev: Half-length figure of Andronicus standing facing, holding model of city and cross-tipped scepter
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2379; DOC 846-8; LPC, p. 216, 20)20 viewsObv: Half-length facing bust of St. Demetrius, holding sword and shield; large stars in fields
Rev: Andronicus, wing to right, standing facing, holding patriachal cross and scepter


ex Prue Morgan Fitts Collection; ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 354, 1 July 2015, Lot 719
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2379; DOC 846-8; LPC, p. 216, 20)9 viewsObv: Half-length facing bust of St. Demetrius, holding sword and shield; large stars in fields
Rev: Andronicus, wing to right, standing facing, holding patriachal cross and scepter
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2383; LPC 218.22; PCPC 243; Lianta 683-685)13 viewsObv: Wing to right holding to left, large patriarchal cross; large to left ᗺ
Rev: ANXΔ on right; half-length figure of bearded emperor wearing stemma, divitision, and jeweled loros of traditional type; holds in right hand haloed cross, and in left hand, labarum-headed scepter; Palaeologan monogram in upper left field
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2387; DOC 798-800; PCPC 241)12 viewsObv: Patriarchal cross; star to lower left and right
Rev: Andronicus standing facing, holding staff surmounted by cross in circle in each hand

ex Prue Morgan Fitts Collection; ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 355, 15 July 2015, Lot 758
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2387; DOC 798-800; PCPC-241)17 viewsObv: Patriarchal cross; star to lower left and right
Rev: ANIKC to the left; Andronicus standing facing, holding staff surmounted by cross in circle with each hand

From the Prue Morgan Fitts Collection; Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 240, 8 September 2010, lot 501
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2393; DOC 789-928; LPC, p. 224, 32)12 viewsObv: Large six-petalled flower or six-rayed star
Rev: Andronicus, wing to right, standing facing, holding large B in each hand


ex Prue Morgan Fitts Collection; ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 355, 15 July 2015, Lot 757
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2393; DOC 789-92; PCPC 239)22 viewsObv: Large six-pointed star
Rev: Andronicus standing facing, holding large, outward-facing B in each hand
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2393; DOC 789-92; PCPC 239)11 viewsObv: Large six-pointed star
Rev: Andronicus standing facing, holding large, outward-facing B in each hand

ex Prue Morgan Fitts Collection; ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 355, 15 July 2015, Lot 757
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (Unpublished) 7 viewsObv: ΔHMHT - ANΔ; Half-length figure of St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate on left, and of bearded emperor; between them large patriarchal cross. Saint and emperor hold in right and left hand respectively scepter cruciger
Rev: Three-quarter-length figure of Michael IX, beardless on left, crowned by Andronicus II, bearded. Michael holds in right hand scepter cruciger, and in left anexikakia. Andronicus holds in left hand scepter cruciger. Both emperors wear stemma, divitision, collar-piece and loros. Star in left field
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1282-1328) Assarion, Constantinople (Sear 2448; DOC V.700; PCPC 180; LPC 98.49; Lianta 803)14 viewsObv: Long Cross pattee, small X at intersection, B B in upper and lower quarters
Rev: +AVTOKPATOPЄCPOMAIШN forming outer circle of legend; Three-quarter-length figure of Andronicus II, bearded on left, and of Michael IX, beardless on right, wearing stemma; between them labarum on long shaft; Both emperors place free hand upon chest

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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1282-1328) Assarion, Constantinople (Sear 2448; DOC V.700; PCPC 180; LPC 98.49; Lianta 803)8 viewsObv: Long Cross pattee, small X at intersection, B B in upper and lower quarters
Rev: +AVTOKPATOPЄCPOMAIШN forming outer circle of legend; Three-quarter-length figure of Andronicus II, bearded on left, and of Michael IX, beardless on right, wearing stemma; between them labarum on long shaft; Both emperors place free hand upon chest
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1282-1328) Assarion, Constantinople (Sear-2430; DOC-647)18 viewsObv: Andonicus and Michael standing facing, holding labarum between them
Rev: Cross patte; pellets in quarters
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1282-1328) Assarion, Constantinople (Sear-2434; DOC 671-6; LPC, p. 86, 33)13 viewsObv: Andronicus standing facing, holding cross-tipped scepter and akakia
Rev: Michael standing facing, holding cross-tipped scepter and akakia


ex Prue Morgan Fitts Collection; ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 355, 15 July 2015, Lot 757
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1282-1328) Assarion, Constantinople (Sear-2435; DOC 677-680)16 viewsObv: Bust of Archangel Michael
Rev: Half-length figures of Andronicus to left, and Michael to right, either side of Christ standing who crowns the emperors
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1282-1328) Assarion, Constantinople (Sear-2443; DOC 692; PCPC 175)11 viewsObv: Large B and retrograde B back-to-back
Rev: Andonicus and Michael standing facing, holding labarum between

ex Prue Morgan Fitts Collection; ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 355, 15 July 2015, Lot 749
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1282-1328) Assarion, Constantinople (Sear-2446; DOC 698; PCPC 178)13 viewsObv: Large N IЄ (date)
Rev: Andonicus and Michael standing facing, holding labarum between

ex Prue Morgan Fitts Collection; ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 355, 15 July 2015, Lot 751
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1282-1328) Trachy, Constantinople (Sear 2423)15 viewsObv: Half-length figure of St. George facing, holding sword and shield
Rev: Andronicus and Michael standing facing, holding long cross between them
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1282-1328) Trachy, Constantinople? (Sear-2416 var; DOC 599-600 var; LPC 16-17 var; PCPC 148-149 var))14 viewsObv: Facing bust of the Virgin, orans, with bust of Infant Christ on breast; cross of pellets to either side
Rev: Andronicus and Michael standing facing, holding long cross(?) between them.

This issue is possibly unrecorded with the crosses of four pellets on the obverse. Also, the top of the object the emperors hold is flatly struck, and it is unclear if it is a long cross or labarum.
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica (DOC 774-777; LPC 80; PCPC 234)33 viewsObv: Large cross patte; stars in upper quarters, B B in lower
Rev: Half-length facing busts of Andronicus and Michael, holding between them a large patriarchal cross between them
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica Mint (Sear 2425)16 viewsObv: Ornate labarum springing from crescent; pellets around
Rev: The two emperors standing facing, holding patriarchal cross between them
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica Mint (Sear 2458; DOC 778-779; LPC 232.6; PCPC 235)13 viewsObv: Two concentric circles bisected by vertical band
Rev: Three-quarter length figure of Andronicus II and of Michael IX, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece and loros; between them haloed cross on long shaft. Both emperors hold in right and left hand respectively scepter cruciger
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica Mint (Sear 2458; DOC 778-779; LPC 232.6; PCPC 235)10 viewsObv: Two concentric circles bisected by vertical band
Rev: Three-quarter length figure of Andronicus II and of Michael IX, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece and loros; between them haloed cross on long shaft. Both emperors hold in right and left hand respectively scepter cruciger
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1282-1328) Trachy, Thessalonica Mint (Sear 2458; DOC 778-779; LPC 232.6; PCPC 235)16 viewsObv: Two concentric circles bisected by vertical band
Rev: Three-quarter length figure of Andronicus II and of Michael IX, wearing stemma, divitision, collar piece and loros; between them haloed cross on long shaft. Both emperors hold in right and left hand respectively scepter cruciger
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1294-1320) Assarion, Constantinople (Sear-2436; DOC class X, 681-2; PCPC 169)30 viewsObv: IC XC in field. Bust of Christ, beardless and nimbate. Legend inside two borders;
Rev: Three-quarter length figure of Andronicus II, bearded on left and of Michael IX, beardless on right, wearing stemma, divistion, and loros; between them patriarchal cross on long shaft. Both emperors place free hands upon chest.
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Sear-2436(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1294-1320) Assarion, Constantinople (Sear-2436; DOC class X, 681-2; PCPC 169)8 viewsObv: IC XC in field. Bust of Christ, beardless and nimbate. Legend inside two borders;
Rev: Three-quarter length figure of Andronicus II, bearded on left and of Michael IX, beardless on right, wearing stemma, divistion, and loros; between them patriarchal cross on long shaft. Both emperors place free hands upon chest.

ex Prue Morgan Fitts Collection; ex Leonard O. Greenfield Collection
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1295-1320) AR Basilikon (Sear-2402)37 viewsObv: Christ, bearded and nimbate, seated upon throne without back; right hand raised in benediction; left hand resting on Gospel.
Rev: Full-length figure of Andrionicus II, bearded on left, and Michael IX, beardless on right; between them labarum with circle beneath the plaque, on long shaft ending to base. Andronicus wears stemma, divisition, and jeweled loros of simple type. Michael similarly dressed. Both emperors place free hands upon chest.
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1295-1320) Assarion, Constantinople Mint (Sear-2440)25 viewsObv: Andronicus and Michael standing facing, holding labarum between them; Legend Around - AVTOKPATOREC PWMAIWN
Rev: Legend in four lines - AVTOKPATOREC PWMAIWN

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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1295-1320) Assarion, Constantinople Mint (Sear-2440)9 viewsObv: Andronicus and Michael standing facing, holding labarum between them; Legend Around - AVTOKPATOREC PWMAIWN
Rev: Legend in four lines - AVTOKPATOREC PWMAIWN

ex Tom Cederlind Collection; ex CNG

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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus, with Michael IX (1282-1328) AV Hyperpyron, Thessalonica (Sear-2396v; Bendall 207.2)23 viewsObv: Bust of the Virgin, orans, within city walls with six groups of towers; Ʞ - K
Rev: Christ standing facing, crowning Andronicus and Michael kneeling to either side
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) assarion (Grierson 1473; DOC V 936-40; Sommer 82.14; Lianta 843-44)9 viewsObv: Palaeologan monogram
Rev: Half-length figure of St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, on left, and of bearded emperor; between them staff surmounted by large lily; Saint holds in right hand spear, Emperor holds in left hand scepter cruciger
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) assarion (Sear-2487; DOC 929; LPC 240.11; PCPC 261; Lianta-839)10 viewsObv: St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, seated upon throne without back; holds sword across knees
Rev: Three-quarter-length figure of Andronicus wearing stemma, holding lis and cruciform scepter; stars in field
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Sear-2487(1).JPG
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) assarion (Sear-2487; DOC 929; LPC 240.11; PCPC 261; Lianta-839)12 viewsObv: St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, seated upon throne without back; holds sword across knees
Rev: Three-quarter-length figure of Andronicus wearing stemma, holding lis and cruciform scepter; stars in field
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Assarion, Constantinople (Sear 2481; DOC V Class IV 908-12; LPC 126.13; PCPC 205; Lianta 831)10 viewsObv: Cross ancre with pellet in each angle
Rev: AVTOKPATOP POMAIШN (or similar, sometimes retrograde); Three-quarter length figure of Andronicus facing, bearded, wearing crown and chlamys, holding cross-scepter in right hand and holding left in front of him
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Assarion, Constantinople (Sear 2481; DOC V Class IV 908-12; LPC 126.13; PCPC 205; Lianta 831)13 viewsObv: Cross ancre with pellet in each angle
Rev: AVTOKPATOP POMAIШN (or similar, sometimes retrograde); Three-quarter length figure of Andronicus facing, bearded, wearing crown and chlamys, holding cross-scepter in right hand and holding left in front of him

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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Assarion, Constantinople (Sear 2481; DOC V Class IV 908-12; LPC 126.13; PCPC 205; Lianta 831)9 viewsObv: Cross ancre with pellet in each angle
Rev: AVTOKPATOP POMAIШN (or similar, sometimes retrograde); Three-quarter length figure of Andronicus facing, bearded, wearing crown and chlamys, holding cross-scepter in right hand and holding left in front of him
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Assarion, Constantinople (Sear-2478; DOC 894-5; LPC, p. 124, 10)11 viewsObv: Half-length bust of St. George, holding spear and shield
Rev: Half-length bust of Andronicus, holding cross-tipped scepter and globus cruciger


ex Prue Morgan Fitts Collection; ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 354, 1 July 2015, Lot 721
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Trachy, Constantinople (Sear 2477; DOC 887; Grierson 1426)11 viewsObv: Nimbate standing figure of St. Demetrius, holding spear and shield
Rev: Andronicus standing, holding labarum and globus cruciger
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Trachy, Constantinople (Sear 2482; LPC 234.2; PCPC 257; Lianta 834)11 viewsObv: Ⓐ to left, Δ/M/T to right. Half-length figure of St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, wearing armor; right hand holds spear.
Rev: A M above St. Michael. Three-quarter-length figure of St. Michael, beardless and nimbate, on left, turning right, and with left hand raised in blessing over the head of the emperor, who holds two patriarchal crosses. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and jeweled loros of simplified type. Saint wears tunic, breastplate and sagion.
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Trachy, Constantinople (Sear 2482; LPC 234.2; PCPC 257; Lianta 834)12 viewsObv: Ⓐ to left, Δ/M/T to right. Half-length figure of St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, wearing armor; right hand holds spear.
Rev: A M above St. Michael. Three-quarter-length figure of St. Michael, beardless and nimbate, on left, turning right, and with left hand raised in blessing over the head of the emperor, who holds two patriarchal crosses. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and jeweled loros of simplified type. Saint wears tunic, breastplate and sagion.
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Trachy, Constantinople (Sear 2482; LPC 234.2; PCPC 257; Lianta 834)13 viewsObv: Ⓐ to left, Δ/M/T to right. Half-length figure of St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, wearing armor; right hand holds spear.
Rev: A M above St. Michael. Three-quarter-length figure of St. Michael, beardless and nimbate, on left, turning right, and with left hand raised in blessing over the head of the emperor, who holds two patriarchal crosses. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and jeweled loros of simplified type. Saint wears tunic, breastplate and sagion.
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2483; DOC V Class III, 919-20; LPC 234.3; PCPC 270; Lianta 835)25 viewsObv: Patriarchal cross with winged shaft
Rev: Three-quarter length figure of Andronicus on left, and beardless and nimbate St. Demetrius; between them cross on long shaft; Andronicus wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and loros; right hand holds scepter cruciger; St. Demetrius holds in left hand spear; Star in cloud in upper center field
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Sear-2483(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2483; DOC V Class III, 919-20; LPC 234.3; PCPC 270; Lianta 835)10 viewsObv: Patriarchal cross with winged shaft
Rev: Three-quarter length figure of Andronicus on left, and beardless and nimbate St. Demetrius; between them cross on long shaft; Andronicus wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and loros; right hand holds scepter cruciger; St. Demetrius holds in left hand spear; Star in cloud in upper center field
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2483; DOC V Class III, 919-20; LPC 234.3; PCPC 270; Lianta 835)2 viewsObv: Patriarchal cross with winged shaft
Rev: Three-quarter length figure of Andronicus on left, and beardless and nimbate St. Demetrius; between them cross on long shaft; Andronicus wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and loros; right hand holds scepter cruciger; St. Demetrius holds in left hand spear; Star in cloud in upper center field
Dim: 20mm, 1.3 g
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2486; DOC 927-8; LPC 236.6; PCPC 271; Lianta-836)8 viewsObv: ΓΑΙ to left; ΔΗΤ to right; Half-length figure of St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic, breastplate and sagion; right hand holds spear; left hand holds shield
Rev: Three-quarter-length figure of bearded emperor wearing stemma, divistion, cruciger place and loros, holding in both hands large patriarchal cross
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Sear-2486(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2486; DOC 927-8; LPC 236.6; PCPC 271; Lianta-836)11 viewsObv: ΓΑΙ to left; ΔΗΤ to right; Half-length figure of St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic, breastplate and sagion; right hand holds spear; left hand holds shield
Rev: Three-quarter-length figure of bearded emperor wearing stemma, divistion, cruciger place and loros, holding in both hands large patriarchal cross

From the Iconodule Collection
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2497; LPC 242.13; PCPC 265)2 viewsObv: Andronicus on horseback right, holding scepter; B to left, star to right
Rev: Palaeologan monogram; stars flanking
Dim: 19mm, 1.2 g
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Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2501; LPC p. 244, 1; PCPC-275; Grierson-1474)14 viewsObv: St. Michael standing facing, holding sword over shoulder and shield.
Rev: Andronicus standing facing to left and John V standing facing to right, both holding scepters; star in each field above and to left.
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Byzantine Empire: Romanus IV Diogenes (1068-1071 CE) AV Histamenon Nomisma, Constantinople (Sear 1859; DOC 1)14 viewsObv: + PΩMAN.-ЄVΔKΠCH; central figure of nimbate Christ, standing facing on dais, reaching up with both hands to crown Romanus (on left), and Eudocia (on right), each wearing crown and loros and holding globus cruciger with inner hand; IC-XC across fields
Rev: KΩN-MX-ANΔ; three figures of Michael VII (in center), Constantius (on left) and Andronicus (on right) standing facing on circular cushions, each crowned and wearing saccos and loros; Michael holding transverse jeweled vexillum in right hand and akakia in left, the other two each holding globus cruciger in outer hand and akakia in inner hand
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BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Constantinople85 viewsObv: St. Michael Holding Scepter and Globus
Rev: Emperor Holding Scepter and Akakia, Manus Dei Above
Sear 2348
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BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Constantinople54 viewsObv: Seraph
Rev: Emperor Holding Cruciform Scepter and Globus (globus indistinct)
Sear 2351A
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AndyIIS2377.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica67 viewsObv: St. Demetrius Standing (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor Holding Large Patriarchal Cross and Akakia, Star in Left Field
Sear 2377
Laetvs
AndyIIS2373.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica48 viewsObv: Emperor Holding Scepter and Globus Cruciger; Two Large Stars in Left Field
Rev: St Demetrius (indistinct)
Sear 2373
Laetvs
AndyIIS2385.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica50 viewsObv: Two Lange Wings (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor Beneath Canopy, with Scepter and Akakia
Sear 2385
Laetvs
132.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica37 viewsObv: Large Palaeologan Monogram (mostly indistinct)
Rev: Winged Emperor Holding Scepter and Akakia
Sear 2395, LPC 34, page 226
Laetvs
P3212987.jpg
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica41 viewsObv: Cross Formed by Four Petals, Superimposed on a Square (indistinct), Silvered
Rev: Emperor Holding Stars in Each Hand, Stars in Lower Fields
Sear 2391, LPC 30, p. 224
The obverse is silvered. I have no idea why. There is no trace of silvering on the reverse.
Laetvs
AndyIIS2372.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica58 viewsObv: St. Demetrius (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor with Fleur-de-Lis in Each Hand
Sear 2372
Laetvs
AndyIIS2360~0.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica72 viewsObv: St. Demetrius (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor Crowned by Christ/Virgin, Star Above, Backward "B" Below
Sear 2360
1 commentsLaetvs
UnkCrossCastle.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica57 viewsObv: Cross Potent with Rays in Fields
Rev: Winged Emperor Facing Left, Holding Model Castle
Unpublished obverse. Reverse is the same as Sear 2370.
Laetvs
P3200007.jpg
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica 50 viewsObv: Patriarchal Cross Winged Right (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor Holding Cross in Circle, Monogram Above
Sear 2383
Laetvs
169.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II and Andronicus III 1282-1341 Thessalonica34 viewsObv: Bust of St. Demetrius Holding Spear and Shield
Rev: Emperors Holding Long Cross Between Them, Christ Above Them with Arms Outstretched
Sear 2465, PCPC 259
Some attribute this type to Andronicus II and Michael IX based on hoard and overstrike evidence.
Laetvs
AndyMikeS2451.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II and Michael IX 1295-1320 Constantinople69 viewsObv: Emperors with Labarum
Rev: Patriarchal Cross Between Bs
Sear 2451
Laetvs
AndyMikeS2396.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II and Michael IX 1295-1320 Constantinople69 viewsHyperpyron
Obv: Virgin Orans within City, Four Towers
Rev: Christ Crowning Emperors
Weight: 3.4 grams
Sear 2396
Laetvs
133.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II and Michael IX 1295-1320 Constantinople53 viewsSilver Basilikon
Obv: Christ Enthroned
Rev: Emperors Standing with Labarum Between Them
1.94g
Sear 2402
Laetvs
148.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II and Michael IX 1295-1320 Constantinople40 viewsObv: Elaborate labarum on crescent
Rev: Emperors with long cross between them
Sear 2425, LPC 24 page 80
Laetvs
558.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II and Michael IX 1295-1320 Constantinople41 viewsObv: Emperors Crowned by Christ
Rev: St. Michael
Sear 2435, LPC 36, p.88
Laetvs
P3131577.jpg
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II and Michael IX 1295-1320 Thessalonica Matched Dies57 viewsTwo Coins With Die-Matched Reverses: Michael Crowned By Andronicus.
Obverses (Six-Pointed Star) are indistinct and not pictured.
Sear 2457
Laetvs
133~0.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II and Michael IX 1295-1320 Uncertain Mint45 viewsObv: Palaeologan Monogram
Rev: Emperors Holding Labarum Between Them
21 x 24mm, 1.36g

This coin is unpublished in Sear, LPC, and PCPC. Ross Glanfield has written about this type on his excellent website:
http://www.glebecoins.net/paleos/Data/
Unlisted_Palaeologans/unlisted_palaeologans.html
Laetvs
PC141067.jpg
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II/Andronicus III 1282-1341 Thessalonica43 viewsObv: Bust of St. Demetrius (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor on Backless Throne, with Patriarchal Cross and Large B
Grierson 1468
Laetvs
unkstamenon.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus III 1328-1341 Thessalonica61 viewsObv: Emperor and St. Demetrius holding a long cross between them, with a star overhead.
Rev: Winged patriarchal cross (indistinct)
17 mm, .47 g.
Sear 2483
This coin is overstruck on a debased non-Byzantine denier of some sort, which I'm trying to identify (if you can identify it, please let me know!). On the obverse, directly over the star is an "O." To the left of the O is an indistinct letter, and to the left of that is a cross. The reverse looks like a heraldic shield with some lettering around it, indistinct except for a dot followed by an "A" at the top.
Laetvs
AndyIIIS2482~0.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus III 1328-1341 Thessalonica55 viewsObv: St. Demetrius
Rev: St Michael Crowning Emperor, Who Holds a Patriarchal Cross in Each Hand
Sear 2484
Laetvs
AndyIIIS2492.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus III 1328-1341 Thessalonica48 viewsObv: Uncertain Saint (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor with Globus Cruciger in Each Hand
Sear 2492, Ben (244)
Laetvs
image00517.jpg
BYZANTINE, Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Assarion, Constantinople (Sear-2481)517 viewsObv: Three-quarter length figure of Andronicus facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding cruciform sceptre. Legend around - ANAPONIK AVTOKPATO (or similar, sometimes retrograde)
Rev: Cross anchored, with pellet in each angle.
SpongeBob
andronicus_.jpg
BYZANTINE, ANDRONICUS III Palaeologus, Trachy, AD 1228-1341 23 views ANDRONICUS III, Palaeologus ( 1228-1341 )
AE trachy Thessalonica mint - SEAR 2490
obv.: Uncertain, possibly bust of St. Demetrius
rev.: Andronicus stdg., holding scepter, two stars in upper field, two B in lower

weight 1,1 grs. - diameter 20 mm
Ref.: Sear 2490 , Grierson 1471
Franz-Josef M
z5.jpg
Byzantine, ANDRONICUS, METROPOLITIAN TETARTERON SBCV-1986 DOC 5 CLBC 5.4.1 26 viewsOBV Full length figure of Virgin nimbate, wearing tunic and maphorion, standing on dais, holds nimbate beardless, nimbate head of Christ on breast.

REV Full length figure of emperor on l. crowned by Christ bearded and nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, and chlamys holds in r. hand labarum on long shaft and in l. anexikakia, Christ wearing tunic and kolobion, holds gospels in l. hand.

Size 20.84

Weight 4.55gm

DOC lists 14 examples with weights from 2.49gm to 4.54gm and sizes from 18mm to 23mm
Simon
Romanus IV.jpg
BYZANTINE, Romanus IV, A.D.1068-1071, AV Histamenon129 viewsROMANUS IV Diogenes, A.D.1068-1071. AV Histamenon Nomisma (27mm, 4.00 gm). Constantinople mint.
Obv: Constantius and Andronicus, each holding a globus cruciger, standing facing on either side of Michael holding labarum and akakia; all on beaded exergual line
Rev: Christ, nimbate, standing facing on footstool, crowning Romanus and Eudocia, each holding a globus cruciger.
DOC III 2; SB 1861.
1 commentsgoldcoin
clippedtrachysb198520mm129g.jpg
Clipped trachy of Andronicus I SB 198519 viewsObverse: The virgin stg. facing on dais, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium, she hold before her nimbate head of the infant Christ facing to l.
Reverse: AN(delta)PONIKOC (delta)ECIIOTHC or similar. Christ bearded and with nimbus cross or r. and Andronicus with forked beard on l., both stg. facing. Christ wears pallium and colobium holds book of gospels in l. hand, and with his r. crowns the emperor who wears divitision and loros. Holds labarum and gl. cr., between their heads IC ro r., XC.
Mint: Constantinople
Date 1183-1185 CE
Sear 1985
20mm, 1.29g
wileyc
clippedtrachysb198519mm157g.jpg
Clipped trachy of Andronicus I SB 198511 viewsObverse: The virgin stg. facing on dais, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium, she hold before her nimbate head of the infant Christ facing to l.
Reverse: AN(delta)PONIKOC (delta)ECIIOTHC or similar. Christ bearded and with nimbus cross or r. and Andronicus with forked beard on l., both stg. facing. Christ wears pallium and colobium holds book of gospels in l. hand, and with his r. crowns the emperor who wears divitision and loros. Holds labarum and gl. cr., between their heads IC ro r., XC.
Mint: Constantinople
Date 1183-1185 CE
Sear 1985
19mm, 1.57g
wileyc
clippedtrachysb198520mm185g.jpg
Clipped trachy of Andronicus I SB 19858 viewsObverse: The virgin stg. facing on dais, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium, she hold before her nimbate head of the infant Christ facing to l.
Reverse: AN(delta)PONIKOC (delta)ECIIOTHC or similar. Christ bearded and with nimbus cross or r. and Andronicus with forked beard on l., both stg. facing. Christ wears pallium and colobium holds book of gospels in l. hand, and with his r. crowns the emperor who wears divitision and loros. Holds labarum and gl. cr., between their heads IC ro r., XC.
Mint: Constantinople
Date 1183-1185 CE
Sear 1985
20mm, 1.85g
wileyc
laodikeia_nero_RPC2923.jpg
Phrygia, Laodikeia ad Lycum, Nero, RPC 292331 viewsNero, AD 54-69
AE 20, 5.61g
struck under magistrate Julius Andronicus Euergetes
obv. NERWN S[EBAST]OS QEOS
bare head, r.
rev. (from r. to l., each from top to bottom:)
IOVLIOS / ANDRONIKO[S] / EVERGETH[S] / LA - ODIK[E] / WN
Zeus Laodikeios stg. l., holding eagle and staff
RPC 2923 (20 ex.); BMC 168; SNG Copenhagen 567
rare, VF, deep blackgreen patina
Pedigree:
ex Gorny & Mosch auction 152, 10. Oct.2006, lot 1800

Probably the wife of Julius Andronicus was Julia Zenonis. She too struck coins.
Jochen
Romanus_IV_Diogenes_SBCV_1861.jpg
Romanus IV Diogenes19 viewsByzantine Empire, Romanus IV Diogenes, 1 January 1068 - 19 August 1071
Gold histamenon nomisma, Sommer 54.2.3 (also clipped); DOC III, part 2, 2; Ratto 2026; Morrisson BnF 4 ff.; Wroth BMC 2; SBCV 1861, gF, clipped, Constantinople mint, weight 2.749g, maximum diameter 21.9mm, die axis 180o, 1 Jan 1068 - 19 Aug 1071; obverse KWN MX AN∆, Michael standing facing, labarum in right, akakia in left, flanked by Constantius and Andronicus, each holding globus cruciger in outer hand, akakia in inner hand, all wear saccos and loros, all without footstools on dotted exergual band; reverse +PWMA EV∆KIA (or similar), Christ standing facing, wearing nimbus, pallium and colobium, crowning Romanus standing facing on left, and Eudocia standing facing on right, each wearing saccos and loros and hold a globus cruciger in inner hand, IC - XC flanking above;

EX: Marti Hervera (Barcelona, Spain);

EX: Forum Ancient Coins
Romanorvm
11339869965_51bae4ac76_o.jpg
sb 1987 Andronicus9 viewsSgusiaves
12536578485_6289c6a58e_o.jpg
sb 1989 Andronicus27 views2 commentsSgusiaves
Sear_1985.jpg
Sear 198555 viewsAndronicus I Comnenus (1183 1185 CE). Billon aspron trachy, weight 4.1g, diameter 29mm. Abu Galyon
Sear_1987.jpg
Sear 198756 viewsAndronicus I Comnenus (1183 1185 CE) Tetarteron, weight 3.7g, diameter 21mm. Mint of Thessalonica. Abu Galyon
Sear_1987_[2].jpg
Sear 198740 viewsAndronicus I Comnenus (1183 1185 CE) Tetarteron, weight 3.53g, diameter 22mm. Mint of Thessalonica.
Abu Galyon
man1pano.jpg
[1663a] Byzantine Empire: Manuel I Comnenus Megas (1143-1180)---NOT TO BE CONFUSED WITH---[1685a] Empire of Trebizond: Manuel I Komnenos Megas (1218-1263 AD)155 viewsManuel I Comnenus Megas (1143-1180). AE billon trachy; Sear 1964; 30mm, 3.91g.; Constantinople mint; aF. Obverse: MP-OV-The Virgin enthroned. Nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium; Reverse: Maueil standing facing, wearing crown, holding labarum and globe surmounted by Patriachal cross. Ex SPQR.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

MANUEL I COMNENUS (A.D. 1143-1180)

Andrew Stone
University of Western Australia

Introduction: Sources
The reign of the emperor Manuel I Comnenus (5 April 1143- 24 September 1180) could well be regarded as a high-water mark of Byzantine civilization. It was the apogee of the so-called "Comnenian Restoration". Politically, the emperor undertook an ambitious foreign policy which has been seen by some, particularly in the light of many ultimate failures, as "misguided imperialism", recent scholarship has come to question this traditional judgment and suggests instead that the the Comnenian foreign policy was rather an energetic seizing of the different opportunities that presented themselves in the rapidly changing constellations of powers of the time. Such measures were made possible by the internal security of the empire under this, its third, Comnenian incumbent, although there were a few other aspirants to the throne, not least among them the emperor's cousin Andronicus. Manuel and other key members of the "Comnenian system", as it has been called, were patrons of rhetoric and other forms of learning and literature, and Manuel himself became keenly interested in ecclesiastical affairs, even if here his imperialistic agenda was a factor as he tried to bring Constantinopolitan theology in line with that of the west in a bid to unite the Church under his crown.

In terms of volume of contemporary material, Manuel is the most eulogised of all Byzantine emperors, and the panegyric addressed to him supplements the two major Byzantine historians of the reign, the more critical Nicetas Choniates and the laudatory John Cinnamus, as primary sources for the student of the period to study. The Crusader historian William of Tyre met Manuel personally, and such was the scope of Manuel's diplomacy that he is mentioned incidentally in western sources, such as Romuald of Salerno. Among authors of the encomia (panegyrics) we have mentioned are Theodore Prodromus and the so-called "Manganeios" Prodromus, who wrote in verse, and the prose encomiasts Michael the Rhetor, Eustathius of Thessalonica and Euthymius Malaces, to name the most important. Manuel, with his penchant for the Latins and their ways, left a legacy of Byzantine resentment against these outsiders, which was to be ruthlessly exploited by Andronicus in the end.

Manuel as sebastokrator
Manuel was born in the imperial porphyry birthchamber on 28 November 1118. He was the fourth of John II's sons, so it seemed very unlikely that he would succeed. As a youth, Manuel evidently accompanied John on campaign, for in the Anatolian expedition of 1139-41 we find Manuel rashly charging a small group of the Turkish enemy, an action for which he was castigated by his father, even though John, we are told, was inwardly impressed (mention of the incident is made in John's deathbed speech in both John Cinnamus and Nicetas Choniates). John negotiated a marriage contract for Manuel with Conrad III of Germany; he was to marry Bertha of Sulzbach. It seems to have been John's plan to carve out a client principality for Manuel from Cilicia, Cyprus and Coele Syria. In the event, it was Manuel who succeeded him.

The Securing of the Succession 1143
In the article on John II it is related how the dying John chose his youngest son Manuel to succeed him in preference to his other surviving son Isaac. Manuel was acclaimed emperor by the armies on 5 April 1143. Manuel stayed in Cilicia, where the army was stationed, for thirty days, to complete the funeral rites for his father. He sent his father's right-hand man John Axuch, however, to Constantinople to confine Isaac to the Pantokrator Monastery and to effect a donation of two hundredweight of silver coin to the clergy of the Great Church. The surviving encomium of Michael Italicus, Teacher of the Gospel, for the new emperor can be regarded as a return gift for this largesse. In the meantime the Caesar John Roger, husband of Manuel's eldest sister Maria, had been plotting to seize the throne; the plot was, however, given away by his wife before it could take effect. Manuel marched home to enter Constantinople c. July 1143. He secured the good-will of the people by commanding that every household should be granted two gold coins. Isaac the younger (Manuel's brother) and Isaac the elder (Manuel's paternal uncle), were both released from captivity and reconciled with him. Manuel chose Michael Oxeites as the new patriarch and was crowned either in August or November 1143.

Manuel confirmed John Axuch in the office of Grand Domestic, that is, commander of the army, appointed John of Poutze as procurator of public taxes, grand commissioner and inspector of accounts and John Hagiotheodorites as chancellor. John of Poutze proved to be an oppressive tax collector, but was also unsusceptible to bribery. However, this John diverted monies levied for the navy into the treasury, which would, as we shall see, further Byzantine dependence on the maritime Italian city-states of Venice, Genoa and Pisa.

Early Campaigns: 1144-1146
Manuel's first concern was to consolidate the work of his father in securing the eastern frontier. He sent a force under the brothers Andronicus and John Contostephanus against the recalcitrant Crusader prince Raymond of Antioch, which consisted of both an army and a navy, the latter commanded by Demetrius Branas. Raymond's army was routed, and the naval force inflicted no small damage on the coastal regions of the principality. In the meantime the Crusader city of Edessa fell to the Turkish atabeg Zengi. Raymond therefore travelled to Constantinople as a suppliant to Manuel. It was subsequently decided, in the light of Manuel's imperial status, that the terms under which he would marry Bertha of Sulzbach should be improved. Manuel asked for 500 knights, and Conrad happily granted them, being prepared to supply 2000 or 3000 if need be all for the sake of this alliance. Bertha took the Greek name Irene.

The Seljuk sultanate of Rum under Masud had become the ascendant Turkish power in Anatolia. Manuel himself supervised the rebuilding of the fortress of Melangeia on the Sangarius river in Bithynia (1145 or 1146). In the most daring campaign of these early years, after building the new fort of Pithecas in Bithynia, Manuel advanced as far into Turkish territory as Konya (Iconium), the Seljuk capital. He had been wounded in the foot by an arrow at a mighty battle at Philomelium (which had been Masud's headquarters), and the city had been rased; once at Konya, he allowed his troops to despoil the graves outside the city walls, before taking the road home.

Cinnamus relates that the gratutitous heroics which Manuel displayed on this campaign were calculated to impress Manuel's new bride. Manuel and his army were harried by Turks on the journey home. Manuel erected the fort of Pylae before leaving Anatolia.

[For a detailed and interesting discussion of the reign of Manuel I Comnenus please see http://www.roman-emperors.org/mannycom.htm]

Frederick Barbarossa and the "two-emperor problem"
Frederick Barbarossa, who was to become a constant menace to Manuel's designs, had succeeded his uncle Conrad III in 1152, but unlike him proved in the end unprepared to make any territorial concessions in Italy. The origins of this "cold war" between the two empires cannot be dated with any certainty, but there may have been a tendency to date it too early. One school of thought would not date the outbreak of this rivalry to any earlier than 1159-60, the death of Manuel's German wife, Bertha-Irene. About this time there was a scare at Constantinople that Frederick Barbarossa would march on Byzantium, perhaps reflecting a desire on Frederick's part to crusade (which he eventually did, in the reign of Isaac II Angelus). The new Pope, Alexander III, by, as it would seem, offering to grant Manuel the imperial crown, used it as a bargaining chip to play off the emperors of west and east against one another. Manuel may have supported Alexander during the papal schism of 1160-1177 because he was the preferred candidate of Hungary and the Crusader states, both of which he hoped would recognise him as their feudal overlord. By this means he could claim sovereign rights over the crusading movement, and thereby turn it to his advantage. The playing off of Manuel against Frederick continued right up until 1177, the Peace of Venice, whereby Frederick agreed to recognise Pope Alexander, the autonomy of Sicily and of the northern Italian communes. But this result was not a foregone conclusion in the 1160s and early 1170s, and Manuel used Byzantine gold to win supporters in Italy and thereby keep Frederick occupied.

Marriage to Maria of Antioch 1161
Bertha-Irene died in late 1159/early 1160. Manuel sought to strengthen his ties with the Crusader principalities by selecting an eastern Latin princess for his wife. The exceedingly beautiful Maria of Antioch, daughter of Raymond of Antioch, was chosen, and the nuptials celebrated at Christmas, 1161.


Dynastic considerations 1169-1172
Manuel's wife Maria of Antioch gave birth to a baby boy 14 September 1169 in the porphyry marble birthchamber, the cause of great festivities. The infant was crowned emperor in 1171. With the death of Stephen III of Hungary in 1172, Stephen's brother Bla was sent out from Constantinople to assume the throne (though without Sirmium and Dalmatia being surrendered to the Hungarian crown). A husband for Maria Porphyrogenita was therefore required. At first it was proposed that she marry William II of Sicily, who was outraged when she failed to show up at Taranto on the appointed day, the emperor having had second thoughts.


The final months 1180
Manuel took ill in the month of March 1180. During this period of terminal illness the last major religious controversies took place. We are told that Manuel directed that the anathema pronounced against the god of Muhammad be removed from the abjuration against the Islamic faith declared by converts to Christianity. Manuel was opposed by the last patriarch of his reign, Theodosius Boradiotes (1179-1183), as well as, notably, by Eustathius of Thessalonica. Both parties were satisfied in the end upon a reading of the emperor's proposed amendments to the abjuration. This controversy would seem to be a different one from the one alluded to in Eustathius' funeral oration for Manuel, since Manuel is praised by Eustathius for his stance in it, which seems to have revolved around a book written by a convert from Islam that magnified the Father at the expense of the Son (and therefore had Arian overtones). It became apparent that the emperor was dying, and, on the advice of Theodosius, he renounced astrology. As his end approached, he assumed the monastic habit and the name Matthew, demanding that his wife Maria become a nun. Manuel's son Alexius was but eleven, and the minority would prove to be disastrous for Byzantium. Manuel died thirty-seven years and nine months from the beginning of his reign.

General strategies in Manuel's foreign policy
The funeral oration for Manuel by Eustathius of Thessalonica is an interesting document in that it discusses some of the general policies pursued over Manuel's reign. It endorses his policy of dividing his enemies, the Petchenegs, the Sicilian Normans and the Turks, among themselves by using Byzantine gold, a policy of "divide and rule". We have seen how this was applied especially in Italy. Another general policy was to create friendly buffer states on the frontiers of the empire, most notably Hungary (and Serbia) and the Crusader States. Manuel would deliberately underpin the most powerful potentate in each region (the king of Hungary, the king of Jerusalem, the sultan of Konya) and thereby emphasise his own absolute sovereignty. In the funeral oration this granting of autonomy is justified as the reward for good service, as in the parable of the talents. We also see in the panegyric of the 1170s the downplaying of the idea of world rule which was so prevalent in the reign of John. Although Manuel claimed sovereign rights over many of his neighbours, his territorial claims were limited: coastal southern Italy, Dalmatia and Sirmium, coastal Egypt. The Byzantines seem to have come to terms with the reality of nation states and it is in Manuel's reign that they begin to refer to themselves not only as "Romans", but as "Hellenes", in order to demarcate themselves from the barbarians surrounding them.

Manuel's taxation, government and army
Nicetas Choniates roundly criticises Manuel in his history for increasing taxes and lavishing money on his family and retainers, particularly his Latin favourites. We have also seen how money was spent in Manuel's ambitious foreign policy. Mention is made of two towers, one at Damalis, and one next to the monastery of the Mangana, between which a chain could be stretched to block the Bosphorus. Then there was the work done at both the Great Palace and the Palace of the Blachernae, galleries, a pavilion alla Turca and numerous mosaics. He also founded a monastery at Kataskepe at the mouth of the Black Sea, which was endowed from the imperial treasury.

Choniates further criticizes the continuation and spread of the granting of pronoiai, parcels of land, the income from each of which supported a soldier. Many of these were granted to foreigners, for example, Turks captured in the Meander campaigns were settled around Thessalonica. The pronoia would pay not only for a soldier's upkeep, but his expensive equipment, for in Manuel's reign the bow and arrow and circular shield had been replaced by a heavier western-style panoply of armour, large triangular shield and lance. Choniates laments how fashionable a practice it had become in Manuel's reign to forsake the land or one's trade and become enlisted in the army.

Manuel and the "Comnenian system"
Throughout Manuel's reign, as under his father John, the top tier of the aristocracy was formed by the emperor's family, the Comneni, and the families into which they married. The extended family was, however, by now becoming unwieldy, and beginning to lose its cohesion, as the example of Manuel's cousin Andronicus shows. Under Manuel it was degree of kinship to the emperor which determined one's rank, as synodal listings show. So it was that very quickly after Manuel's death the upper tier of the aristocracy splintered into separate groups, each with its own identity and interests.

Literature
The various aristocratic courts, that of the emperor and other key members of the extended family, most notably the sebastokrator Isaac Comnenus the elder and the sebastokratorissa Irene, widow of Manuel's brother Andronicus, attracted literati who would seek to serve under them. Such figures would not only turn their hands to literature, encomia in prose or poetry, expositions on mythology, commentaries on Homer or the philosophers, historical chronicles and even, in this period, romances - the twelfth century is a high point of literary production at Constantinople, so much so that some have even talked of a "Comnenian renaissance" - but they would seek to perform more menial, such as administrative, duties to support themselves. Such men would often come from noble families whose prestige had been eclipsed by the Comnenian upper tier of the aristocracy. Serving under a lord was one way of advancing oneself, entering the Church was another.

The patriarchal church and education
The deacons of the church of St Sophia were a powerful group, the chartophylax being second only to the patriarch. These deacons would either go on to become bishops in the provinces, or possibly first hold one of the professorial chairs associated with the patriarchal church. First there were the "teachers", didaskaloi of the Gospels, Epistles and Psalter. Then there was the maistor ton rhetoron, "master of the rhetors", responsible for delivering speeches in praise of the emperor on January 6 each year and of the patriarch on the Saturday prior to Palm Sunday, as well as for other state occasions. And there was the hypatos ton philosophon, "consul of the philosophers", an office which had lapsed but was revived under Manuel.

Character and Legacy
Was Byzantium of the middle to late twelfth century living on borrowed time? Until recently this was the verdict of many scholars. Yet John II and Manuel had, if there is any kernel of truth in their encomia, at least temporarily reversed the overrunning of Anatolia by the Turks, and Manuel had won Dalmatia and Sirmium from Hungary. But Byzantine collapse was rapid, which is the reason why scholars have searched in the reigns of John and Manuel for the beginnings of the disintegration that occurred under the last Comneni and the Angeli. The history and comments of Nicetas Choniates have been adduced as vindicating this view. The victory of the military aristocracy that the establishment of the Comnenian dynasty represents has been seen as both the reason for the temporary reversal of Byzantine fortunes - government by three very capable autocrats - and of ultimate failure, because of the splintering into factions that oligarchy, such as was present in the Comnenian system, foments. A Marxist interpretation is that the feudalisation of the Byzantine Empire, the depletion of the free peasantry, that began to take place in the middle period was the reason for its ultimate failure. But to the Byzantines at the time Byzantium seemed to be holding its own; the "nations" around were being kept at bay, and even though the panegyric of renovation is less evident than in the reign of John II, the emperor remains despotes, "master" of the oikoumene, "world". Indeed, Manuel would be remembered in France, Genoa and the Crusader States as the most powerful sovereign in the world.

We have mentioned the funeral oration for Manuel by Eustathius of Thessalonica. This contains a series of vignettes of the personal aspects of Manuel. There are commonplaces: the emperor is able to endure hunger, thirst, heat and cold, lack of sleep and so on, and sweats copiously in his endeavours on the empire's part. Although these ideas have been recycled from earlier reigns, notably that of John II, the contemporary historians agree that Manuel was an indefatigable and daring warrior. However, there are more specifically individual touches in the Eustathian oration. Manuel had a manly suntan and was tall in stature. The emperor was capable of clever talk, but could also talk to others on a man-to-man basis. Eustathius makes much of the emperor's book-learning (Cinnamus claims to have discussed Aristotle with the emperor). The restoration of churches was a major concern for Manuel. He also had some expertise in medicine (he had tended Conrad III of Germany and Baldwin III of Jerusalem personally). Manuel showed temperance in eating and drinking, with a certain liking for beer as well as wine, the latter being mixed sour after the manner of ascetics. Likewise, he would not slumber long. He would generally choose walking over riding. The oration closes on the widow and orphan Manuel has left behind. The situation resulting for the Byzantine Empire at this stage, with the vacuum created by Manuel would result in no less than implosion.

Copyright (C) 2003, Andrew Stone.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
ManuelStGeorge.jpg
[1663a] Byzantine Empire: Manuel I Comnenus Megas (1143-1180)---NOT TO BE CONFUSED WITH---[1685a] Empire of Trebizond: Manuel I Komnenos Megas (1218-1263 AD)131 viewsMANUEL I COMNENUS AE tetarteron. 1143-1180 AD. 19mm, 2.8g. Obverse: Bust of St. George facing, beardless, wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass and sagion, and holding spear. Reverse: MANVHL-DECPOT, bust of Manuel facing, wearing crown and loros, holding labarum & globe-cross. Simply wonderful style, very sharp for the issue. A gorgeous late Byzantine coin! Ex Incitatus.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

MANUEL I COMNENUS (A.D. 1143-1180)

Andrew Stone
University of Western Australia

Introduction: Sources
The reign of the emperor Manuel I Comnenus (5 April 1143- 24 September 1180) could well be regarded as a high-water mark of Byzantine civilization. It was the apogee of the so-called "Comnenian Restoration". Politically, the emperor undertook an ambitious foreign policy which has been seen by some, particularly in the light of many ultimate failures, as "misguided imperialism", recent scholarship has come to question this traditional judgment and suggests instead that the the Comnenian foreign policy was rather an energetic seizing of the different opportunities that presented themselves in the rapidly changing constellations of powers of the time. Such measures were made possible by the internal security of the empire under this, its third, Comnenian incumbent, although there were a few other aspirants to the throne, not least among them the emperor's cousin Andronicus. Manuel and other key members of the "Comnenian system", as it has been called, were patrons of rhetoric and other forms of learning and literature, and Manuel himself became keenly interested in ecclesiastical affairs, even if here his imperialistic agenda was a factor as he tried to bring Constantinopolitan theology in line with that of the west in a bid to unite the Church under his crown.

In terms of volume of contemporary material, Manuel is the most eulogised of all Byzantine emperors, and the panegyric addressed to him supplements the two major Byzantine historians of the reign, the more critical Nicetas Choniates and the laudatory John Cinnamus, as primary sources for the student of the period to study. The Crusader historian William of Tyre met Manuel personally, and such was the scope of Manuel's diplomacy that he is mentioned incidentally in western sources, such as Romuald of Salerno. Among authors of the encomia (panegyrics) we have mentioned are Theodore Prodromus and the so-called "Manganeios" Prodromus, who wrote in verse, and the prose encomiasts Michael the Rhetor, Eustathius of Thessalonica and Euthymius Malaces, to name the most important. Manuel, with his penchant for the Latins and their ways, left a legacy of Byzantine resentment against these outsiders, which was to be ruthlessly exploited by Andronicus in the end.

Manuel as sebastokrator
Manuel was born in the imperial porphyry birthchamber on 28 November 1118. He was the fourth of John II's sons, so it seemed very unlikely that he would succeed. As a youth, Manuel evidently accompanied John on campaign, for in the Anatolian expedition of 1139-41 we find Manuel rashly charging a small group of the Turkish enemy, an action for which he was castigated by his father, even though John, we are told, was inwardly impressed (mention of the incident is made in John's deathbed speech in both John Cinnamus and Nicetas Choniates). John negotiated a marriage contract for Manuel with Conrad III of Germany; he was to marry Bertha of Sulzbach. It seems to have been John's plan to carve out a client principality for Manuel from Cilicia, Cyprus and Coele Syria. In the event, it was Manuel who succeeded him.

The Securing of the Succession 1143
In the article on John II it is related how the dying John chose his youngest son Manuel to succeed him in preference to his other surviving son Isaac. Manuel was acclaimed emperor by the armies on 5 April 1143. Manuel stayed in Cilicia, where the army was stationed, for thirty days, to complete the funeral rites for his father. He sent his father's right-hand man John Axuch, however, to Constantinople to confine Isaac to the Pantokrator Monastery and to effect a donation of two hundredweight of silver coin to the clergy of the Great Church. The surviving encomium of Michael Italicus, Teacher of the Gospel, for the new emperor can be regarded as a return gift for this largesse. In the meantime the Caesar John Roger, husband of Manuel's eldest sister Maria, had been plotting to seize the throne; the plot was, however, given away by his wife before it could take effect. Manuel marched home to enter Constantinople c. July 1143. He secured the good-will of the people by commanding that every household should be granted two gold coins. Isaac the younger (Manuel's brother) and Isaac the elder (Manuel's paternal uncle), were both released from captivity and reconciled with him. Manuel chose Michael Oxeites as the new patriarch and was crowned either in August or November 1143.

Manuel confirmed John Axuch in the office of Grand Domestic, that is, commander of the army, appointed John of Poutze as procurator of public taxes, grand commissioner and inspector of accounts and John Hagiotheodorites as chancellor. John of Poutze proved to be an oppressive tax collector, but was also unsusceptible to bribery. However, this John diverted monies levied for the navy into the treasury, which would, as we shall see, further Byzantine dependence on the maritime Italian city-states of Venice, Genoa and Pisa.

Early Campaigns: 1144-1146
Manuel's first concern was to consolidate the work of his father in securing the eastern frontier. He sent a force under the brothers Andronicus and John Contostephanus against the recalcitrant Crusader prince Raymond of Antioch, which consisted of both an army and a navy, the latter commanded by Demetrius Branas. Raymond's army was routed, and the naval force inflicted no small damage on the coastal regions of the principality. In the meantime the Crusader city of Edessa fell to the Turkish atabeg Zengi. Raymond therefore travelled to Constantinople as a suppliant to Manuel. It was subsequently decided, in the light of Manuel's imperial status, that the terms under which he would marry Bertha of Sulzbach should be improved. Manuel asked for 500 knights, and Conrad happily granted them, being prepared to supply 2000 or 3000 if need be all for the sake of this alliance. Bertha took the Greek name Irene.

The Seljuk sultanate of Rum under Masud had become the ascendant Turkish power in Anatolia. Manuel himself supervised the rebuilding of the fortress of Melangeia on the Sangarius river in Bithynia (1145 or 1146). In the most daring campaign of these early years, after building the new fort of Pithecas in Bithynia, Manuel advanced as far into Turkish territory as Konya (Iconium), the Seljuk capital. He had been wounded in the foot by an arrow at a mighty battle at Philomelium (which had been Masud's headquarters), and the city had been rased; once at Konya, he allowed his troops to despoil the graves outside the city walls, before taking the road home.

Cinnamus relates that the gratutitous heroics which Manuel displayed on this campaign were calculated to impress Manuel's new bride. Manuel and his army were harried by Turks on the journey home. Manuel erected the fort of Pylae before leaving Anatolia.

[For a detailed and interesting discussion of the reign of Manuel I Comnenus please see http://www.roman-emperors.org/mannycom.htm]

Frederick Barbarossa and the "two-emperor problem"
Frederick Barbarossa, who was to become a constant menace to Manuel's designs, had succeeded his uncle Conrad III in 1152, but unlike him proved in the end unprepared to make any territorial concessions in Italy. The origins of this "cold war" between the two empires cannot be dated with any certainty, but there may have been a tendency to date it too early. One school of thought would not date the outbreak of this rivalry to any earlier than 1159-60, the death of Manuel's German wife, Bertha-Irene. About this time there was a scare at Constantinople that Frederick Barbarossa would march on Byzantium, perhaps reflecting a desire on Frederick's part to crusade (which he eventually did, in the reign of Isaac II Angelus). The new Pope, Alexander III, by, as it would seem, offering to grant Manuel the imperial crown, used it as a bargaining chip to play off the emperors of west and east against one another. Manuel may have supported Alexander during the papal schism of 1160-1177 because he was the preferred candidate of Hungary and the Crusader states, both of which he hoped would recognise him as their feudal overlord. By this means he could claim sovereign rights over the crusading movement, and thereby turn it to his advantage. The playing off of Manuel against Frederick continued right up until 1177, the Peace of Venice, whereby Frederick agreed to recognise Pope Alexander, the autonomy of Sicily and of the northern Italian communes. But this result was not a foregone conclusion in the 1160s and early 1170s, and Manuel used Byzantine gold to win supporters in Italy and thereby keep Frederick occupied.

Marriage to Maria of Antioch 1161
Bertha-Irene died in late 1159/early 1160. Manuel sought to strengthen his ties with the Crusader principalities by selecting an eastern Latin princess for his wife. The exceedingly beautiful Maria of Antioch, daughter of Raymond of Antioch, was chosen, and the nuptials celebrated at Christmas, 1161.


Dynastic considerations 1169-1172
Manuel's wife Maria of Antioch gave birth to a baby boy 14 September 1169 in the porphyry marble birthchamber, the cause of great festivities. The infant was crowned emperor in 1171. With the death of Stephen III of Hungary in 1172, Stephen's brother Bla was sent out from Constantinople to assume the throne (though without Sirmium and Dalmatia being surrendered to the Hungarian crown). A husband for Maria Porphyrogenita was therefore required. At first it was proposed that she marry William II of Sicily, who was outraged when she failed to show up at Taranto on the appointed day, the emperor having had second thoughts.


The final months 1180
Manuel took ill in the month of March 1180. During this period of terminal illness the last major religious controversies took place. We are told that Manuel directed that the anathema pronounced against the god of Muhammad be removed from the abjuration against the Islamic faith declared by converts to Christianity. Manuel was opposed by the last patriarch of his reign, Theodosius Boradiotes (1179-1183), as well as, notably, by Eustathius of Thessalonica. Both parties were satisfied in the end upon a reading of the emperor's proposed amendments to the abjuration. This controversy would seem to be a different one from the one alluded to in Eustathius' funeral oration for Manuel, since Manuel is praised by Eustathius for his stance in it, which seems to have revolved around a book written by a convert from Islam that magnified the Father at the expense of the Son (and therefore had Arian overtones). It became apparent that the emperor was dying, and, on the advice of Theodosius, he renounced astrology. As his end approached, he assumed the monastic habit and the name Matthew, demanding that his wife Maria become a nun. Manuel's son Alexius was but eleven, and the minority would prove to be disastrous for Byzantium. Manuel died thirty-seven years and nine months from the beginning of his reign.

General strategies in Manuel's foreign policy
The funeral oration for Manuel by Eustathius of Thessalonica is an interesting document in that it discusses some of the general policies pursued over Manuel's reign. It endorses his policy of dividing his enemies, the Petchenegs, the Sicilian Normans and the Turks, among themselves by using Byzantine gold, a policy of "divide and rule". We have seen how this was applied especially in Italy. Another general policy was to create friendly buffer states on the frontiers of the empire, most notably Hungary (and Serbia) and the Crusader States. Manuel would deliberately underpin the most powerful potentate in each region (the king of Hungary, the king of Jerusalem, the sultan of Konya) and thereby emphasise his own absolute sovereignty. In the funeral oration this granting of autonomy is justified as the reward for good service, as in the parable of the talents. We also see in the panegyric of the 1170s the downplaying of the idea of world rule which was so prevalent in the reign of John. Although Manuel claimed sovereign rights over many of his neighbours, his territorial claims were limited: coastal southern Italy, Dalmatia and Sirmium, coastal Egypt. The Byzantines seem to have come to terms with the reality of nation states and it is in Manuel's reign that they begin to refer to themselves not only as "Romans", but as "Hellenes", in order to demarcate themselves from the barbarians surrounding them.

Manuel's taxation, government and army
Nicetas Choniates roundly criticises Manuel in his history for increasing taxes and lavishing money on his family and retainers, particularly his Latin favourites. We have also seen how money was spent in Manuel's ambitious foreign policy. Mention is made of two towers, one at Damalis, and one next to the monastery of the Mangana, between which a chain could be stretched to block the Bosphorus. Then there was the work done at both the Great Palace and the Palace of the Blachernae, galleries, a pavilion alla Turca and numerous mosaics. He also founded a monastery at Kataskepe at the mouth of the Black Sea, which was endowed from the imperial treasury.

Choniates further criticizes the continuation and spread of the granting of pronoiai, parcels of land, the income from each of which supported a soldier. Many of these were granted to foreigners, for example, Turks captured in the Meander campaigns were settled around Thessalonica. The pronoia would pay not only for a soldier's upkeep, but his expensive equipment, for in Manuel's reign the bow and arrow and circular shield had been replaced by a heavier western-style panoply of armour, large triangular shield and lance. Choniates laments how fashionable a practice it had become in Manuel's reign to forsake the land or one's trade and become enlisted in the army.

Manuel and the "Comnenian system"
Throughout Manuel's reign, as under his father John, the top tier of the aristocracy was formed by the emperor's family, the Comneni, and the families into which they married. The extended family was, however, by now becoming unwieldy, and beginning to lose its cohesion, as the example of Manuel's cousin Andronicus shows. Under Manuel it was degree of kinship to the emperor which determined one's rank, as synodal listings show. So it was that very quickly after Manuel's death the upper tier of the aristocracy splintered into separate groups, each with its own identity and interests.

Literature
The various aristocratic courts, that of the emperor and other key members of the extended family, most notably the sebastokrator Isaac Comnenus the elder and the sebastokratorissa Irene, widow of Manuel's brother Andronicus, attracted literati who would seek to serve under them. Such figures would not only turn their hands to literature, encomia in prose or poetry, expositions on mythology, commentaries on Homer or the philosophers, historical chronicles and even, in this period, romances - the twelfth century is a high point of literary production at Constantinople, so much so that some have even talked of a "Comnenian renaissance" - but they would seek to perform more menial, such as administrative, duties to support themselves. Such men would often come from noble families whose prestige had been eclipsed by the Comnenian upper tier of the aristocracy. Serving under a lord was one way of advancing oneself, entering the Church was another.

The patriarchal church and education
The deacons of the church of St Sophia were a powerful group, the chartophylax being second only to the patriarch. These deacons would either go on to become bishops in the provinces, or possibly first hold one of the professorial chairs associated with the patriarchal church. First there were the "teachers", didaskaloi of the Gospels, Epistles and Psalter. Then there was the maistor ton rhetoron, "master of the rhetors", responsible for delivering speeches in praise of the emperor on January 6 each year and of the patriarch on the Saturday prior to Palm Sunday, as well as for other state occasions. And there was the hypatos ton philosophon, "consul of the philosophers", an office which had lapsed but was revived under Manuel.

Character and Legacy
Was Byzantium of the middle to late twelfth century living on borrowed time? Until recently this was the verdict of many scholars. Yet John II and Manuel had, if there is any kernel of truth in their encomia, at least temporarily reversed the overrunning of Anatolia by the Turks, and Manuel had won Dalmatia and Sirmium from Hungary. But Byzantine collapse was rapid, which is the reason why scholars have searched in the reigns of John and Manuel for the beginnings of the disintegration that occurred under the last Comneni and the Angeli. The history and comments of Nicetas Choniates have been adduced as vindicating this view. The victory of the military aristocracy that the establishment of the Comnenian dynasty represents has been seen as both the reason for the temporary reversal of Byzantine fortunes - government by three very capable autocrats - and of ultimate failure, because of the splintering into factions that oligarchy, such as was present in the Comnenian system, foments. A Marxist interpretation is that the feudalisation of the Byzantine Empire, the depletion of the free peasantry, that began to take place in the middle period was the reason for its ultimate failure. But to the Byzantines at the time Byzantium seemed to be holding its own; the "nations" around were being kept at bay, and even though the panegyric of renovation is less evident than in the reign of John II, the emperor remains despotes, "master" of the oikoumene, "world". Indeed, Manuel would be remembered in France, Genoa and the Crusader States as the most powerful sovereign in the world.

We have mentioned the funeral oration for Manuel by Eustathius of Thessalonica. This contains a series of vignettes of the personal aspects of Manuel. There are commonplaces: the emperor is able to endure hunger, thirst, heat and cold, lack of sleep and so on, and sweats copiously in his endeavours on the empire's part. Although these ideas have been recycled from earlier reigns, notably that of John II, the contemporary historians agree that Manuel was an indefatigable and daring warrior. However, there are more specifically individual touches in the Eustathian oration. Manuel had a manly suntan and was tall in stature. The emperor was capable of clever talk, but could also talk to others on a man-to-man basis. Eustathius makes much of the emperor's book-learning (Cinnamus claims to have discussed Aristotle with the emperor). The restoration of churches was a major concern for Manuel. He also had some expertise in medicine (he had tended Conrad III of Germany and Baldwin III of Jerusalem personally). Manuel showed temperance in eating and drinking, with a certain liking for beer as well as wine, the latter being mixed sour after the manner of ascetics. Likewise, he would not slumber long. He would generally choose walking over riding. The oration closes on the widow and orphan Manuel has left behind. The situation resulting for the Byzantine Empire at this stage, with the vacuum created by Manuel would result in no less than implosion.

Copyright (C) 2003, Andrew Stone.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
 
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