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Search results - "974"
Philip_1_Lion_Ruby_A.jpg
69 viewsPHILIP I, AD 244-249, AR Antoninianus minted at Rome,
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG Radiate, cuirassed and draped bust right of Philip I
Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG Lion walking right I in exergue. 22.5mm. RIC 12; C. 173.
Ex Superior Ruby Part 2 Sale, June 17 through 22, 1974, lot 1045.
Ex. Dr. Charles L. Ruby Collection
Ex. Dr. Paul Rynearson

Note: The Ruby collection was purchase in 1971 by Superior Galleries for $1,000,000 and sold in three auctions. This coin was sold in auction two of the three auctions. This coin is pictured in the catalog and sold for $65.00.
paul1888
017~0.JPG
61 viewsPtolemy III Euergetes. Ć Hemidrachm - Triobol. Alexandreia mint. First phase, struck circa 246-242/1. Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head right; cornucopia over shoulder; E between legs. Svoronos 974 var. (control mark).

AE40 about 46.5 g.

--------------------------------

Ar 0.249g, 6.7mm
Elea(Elia?), Aeolis, AR Hemiobol. Late 5th century BC. Head of Athena left, in crested helmet / E L A I, around olive wreath, all within incuse square. SNG Cop 164 ex Forvm
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
923_xlarge_b84460514ab6701da44f764df089974c.jpg
32 viewsSpongeBob
Otacilia_hippo.jpg
62 viewsOtacilia Severa, wife of Philip I (A.D. 244-249), Silver Antoninianus, Rome mint, fourth officina, A.D. 248, diademed draped bust of Otacilia right, on crescent, OTACIL SEVERA AVG, rev., SAECVLARES AVGG, hippopotamus standing right, IIII in exergue, (RCV 9160; RIC 116b),

Ex Superior Ruby Part 2 Sale, June 17 through 22, 1974, lot 1048.
Ex. Dr. Charles L. Ruby Collection
Ex: Dr. Paul Rynearson
Ex: Kirk Davis Catalog of Ancient Coins, No. 61, Lot 84

Note: The Ruby collection was purchase in 1971 by Superior Galleries for $1,000,000 and sold in three auctions. This coin was sold in auction two of the three auctions. This coin is pictured in the catalog and sold for $95.00.
1 commentspaul1888
1794798_625273070842941_514968526_n_(1).jpg
61 viewsOttoman akche
Suleiman 1 "Kanuni"
926/1520/---974/1566/
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Nero_As_RIC_306.jpg
6 Nero AE As28 viewsNERO
AE As
NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP, laureate head right / PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT S-C, the Temple of Janus, latticed window to l., garland hung across closed double doors on the right.
RIC 306, Sear5 #1974

On the rare occasions when Rome was not at war with a foreign enemy the doors of the 'Twin Janus' temple were ceremonially closed, an event which Nero commemorated extensively on the coinage of 65-67 A.D. -- David R. Sear, Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol 1
RI0042
Sosius
Hadrian_Dupon_RIC_974.jpg
15 Hadrian Dupondius21 viewsHADRIAN
AE Dupondius
HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, radiate head right / HILARITAS PR S-C, COS III in ex, Hilaritas standing left holding long palm and cornucopia, small boy and girl to sides.
Cohen 820, RIC 974, Sear 3664
RI0091
Sosius
Volusian_RIC_166.jpg
4.75 Volusian13 viewsVolusian
AR Antoninianus

IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / AEQVITAS AVGG, Aequitas standing left with scales and cornucopiae.

RIC 166, RSC 8, Sear5 9740.
Sosius
hadrian_panther_alexandria.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN17 views117 - 138 AD
Struck 126/7
AE obol 18.5 mm; 4.33 g
O: Laureate bust of Hadrian right
R: Panther standing right, head inverted to left; date above.
Egypt, Alexandria; cf. Geissen 974. Kampmann-Ganschow 134, 32.443
laney
hadrian_hilaritas.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN18 views117-138 AD
Struck ca 128 - 132 AD
AE Dupondius 25.5 mm; 9.55 g
O: Radiate head right
R: Hilaritas standing left, holding palm frond and cornucopia; small boy and girl standing to left and right, respectively
Rome mint; cf RIC II 974; Sear 3664
laney
Hadrian_AE-Dupondius_HADRIANVS-AVGVSTVS-PP_HILAR-I-TAS-PR_COS-III_S-C_RIC-II-974_C-820_-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_27,5mm_12,34g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0974, Rome, AE-Dupondius, HILARITAS PR, COS-III, Hilaritas standing left,143 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0974, Rome, AE-Dupondius, HILARITAS PR, COS-III, Hilaritas standing left,
avers:- HADRIANVS-AVGVSTVS-PP, Radiate head right.
revers:-HILAR-I-TAS-PR, Hilaritas standing left, holding palm and cornucopia; child on either side, S-C, across the field.
exe: -/-//COS III, diameter: 27,5 mm, weight: 12,34g, axis: 5 h,
mint: Rome, date: 128-132 A.D., ref: RIC-II-974-p-469, C-820,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
SulIKab10Adr03.jpg
0926-0974 AH - Suleyman I - Kabaklarly 10 - Adr - 03 - Ottoman Mangir64 viewsSultan: Suleyman I (1520-1566 AD)
Date: 1520-1566 AD (926-974 AH)
Condition: aFine
Denomination: Mangir

Obverse: Two round-ended rectangles crossed, superimposed on a square with incurved sides.

Reverse: Arabic inscription.
926 AH

Edirne mint
Kabaklarly 10 - Adr - 03
2.66g; 15.9mm; 45°
Pep
1337_P_Hadrian_RPC.jpg
0972 Hadrian, Cistophorus BITHYNIA Koinon of Bithynia mint, Male in octastyle temple15 viewsReference.
cf RPC III, 974; cf Metcalf B8

Issue Reverse legend includes COM BIT

Obv. IMP CAES TRA HADRIANO AVG P P
Laureate head right

Rev. COM - BIT (in field), ROM S P AVG (in entablature)
Tetrastyle temple on podium of three steps; within, togate male standing left. holding spear in r. and Victory in left

10.46 gr
26 mm
11h
2 commentsokidoki
AS NERON RIC 306_1.jpg
14-04 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)111 viewsAE AS 27 x 25 mm 11.2 gr.

Anv: "NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PACE P.R. VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVS[IT] - S C" – Templo de los gemelos Jano (Ianus Geminus) mostrando sus puertas dobles cerradas a la derecha y en la pared lateral izquierda una larga ventana enrejada .

Acuńada 4ta. Emisión 65 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #306 Pag.168 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1974 Pag.390 - BMCRE #227 - Cohen Vol.1 #171 Pag.290 - DVM #30 Pag.87 - CBN #400 - Mac Dowall WCN #288
mdelvalle
RIC_306_AS_Neron.jpg
14-14 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)16 viewsAE AS 27 x 25 mm 11.2 gr.

Anv: "NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PACE P.R. VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVS[IT] - S C" – Templo de los gemelos Jano (Ianus Geminus) mostrando sus puertas dobles cerradas a la derecha y en la pared lateral izquierda una larga ventana enrejada .

Acuńada 4ta. Emisión 65 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #306 Pag.168 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1974 Pag.390 - BMCRE #227 - Cohen Vol.1 #171 Pag.290 - DVM #30 Pag.87 - CBN #400 - Mac Dowall WCN #288
mdelvalle
1902034_759583754078538_1739468933876111555_n.jpg
150 Antoninus Pius25 viewsAntoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 767a, Cohen II 320, Banti 120, BMCRE IV 1669, Strack III 974, SRCV II 4168, aF, 23.252g, 31.4mm, 0o, Rome mint, 145 - 147 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P, laureate head right; reverse Antoninus in slow quadriga left, eagle-tipped scepter in left, reins in right, COS IIII / S C in two lines in exergue; scarce
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
1920206_630623686974546_1449222028_n.jpg
150 Antoninus Pius20 viewsAntoninus Pius AE As.

ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, Laureate head right.
FELICITAS AVG S - C, Felicitas standing, head left, holding
short caduceus and branch.

RIC 679: Cohen 366.
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
RI_170cp_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Amiens 4839 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right, A behind bust
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Helmeted soldier left, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman; shield at ground to right. Horseman turns to face the soldier, and reaches his left arm up towards him. He is bare headed
Minted in Amiens (//AMB). 353 AD.
Reference:- RIC VIII Amiens 48 (C)

Ex John Casey Collection

22 mm, 5.08g

John was employed at Durham between 1972 and 2000, retiring as Reader in Archaeology. He was a well-known Romanist and numismatics scholar who undertook excavations at the Roman forts of Brecon Gaer (nr Aberyscir) and Segontium (Gwynedd), the Roman town of Venta Silurum (Caerwent), the Roman temple at Lydney (Gloucestershire) and the Greta Bridge vicus in County Durham.

His books included Coins and the Archaeologist (1974, 2nd ed. 1988), The end of Roman Britain (1979), Roman coinage in Britain (1980), Understanding Ancient Coins (1986). He was the author of numerous articles on Roman coinage and hoards, including the finds from Piercebridge.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
George_6_1947_Penny.JPG
1947 GEORGE VI AE PENNY7 viewsObverse: GEORGIVS VI D:G:BR:OMN:REX F:D:IND:IMP: . Bare head of George VI facing left.
Reverse: ONE PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left hand holding trident, lighthouse in background to left; 1947 in exergue.
SPINK: 4114

George VI's portrait was designed by Thomas Humphrey Paget (1893 - 1974), this is marked by a small "HP" below the King's neck.
*Alex
George_6_1949_Penny.JPG
1949 GEORGE VI AE PENNY8 viewsObverse: GEORGIVS VI D:G:BR:OMN:REX FIDEI DEF. Bare head of George VI facing left.
Reverse: ONE PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left hand holding trident, lighthouse in background to left; 1949 in exergue.
SPINK: 4117

George VI's portrait was designed by Thomas Humphrey Paget (1893 - 1974), this is marked by a small "HP" below the King's neck.
*Alex
13920089_1269351899742619_1869033295183276429_o.jpg
2000 Réis, Silver. Brazil 190712 viewsAntonivs Protti
BOTLAUREL_2013.JPG
201344 viewsTHIS YEAR'S WINNERS
CLICK ON A COIN FOR ITS DETAILS

*Alex
BOTLAUREL_2014.JPG
201453 viewsTHIS YEAR'S WINNERS
CLICK ON A COIN FOR ITS DETAILS

*Alex
BOTLAUREL_2017.JPG
201768 viewsTHIS YEAR'S WINNERS
CLICK ON A COIN FOR ITS DETAILS

*Alex
a7.jpg
2115 JOHN III DUCAS AE Tetarteron SBCV- 2115 DOC 5741 views

OBV Head of Cherub with 4 wings, Pellets flanking on l. side

REV John III seated facing on throne with back, wearing stamma with pendilia, chlamys, holding labarum and gl cr.

Size 19.33mm

Weight 1.974 gm
2 commentsSimon
10885311_769549229748657_2090406297486556920_n.jpg
260 Claudius II18 viewsClaudius Gothicus AE Antoninianus. Rome, AD 268-270. IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right / GENIVS AVG, Genius standing left, by altar, holding patera and cornucopiae. RIC 45Randygeki(h2)
Volusian-RIC-166.jpg
30. Volusian.13 viewsAntoninianus, Jan. - April 253 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG / Radiate bust of Volusian.
Reverse: AEQVITAS AVGG / Aequitas standing, holding scales and cornucopiae.
3.00 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #166; Sear #9740.
Callimachus
974_P_Hadrian_RPC5144.jpg
5144 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 118-19 AD Helios13 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5144 (this coin illustrated). Dattari-Savio Pl. 66, 1380 (this coin); Emmett 852.3

Issue L Γ = year 3

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L Γ
Radiate and draped bust of Helios, right

12.57 gr
24 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection
okidoki
718_P_Hadrian_Emmett1167_11.jpg
5691 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Obol 126-27 AD Panther18 viewsReference.
Emmett 1167.11; RPC III, 5691/32; Köln 974; Dattari 2040 and Pl. XXXII, 2040 (this coin rev.). Dattari-Savio Pl. 101, 2040 (this coin).

Issue L ΕΝΔΕΚΑΤΟΥ or L ΙΑ = year 11

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ - ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. L ΙΑ
Panther standing, r., head l.

5.18 gr
19 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari Collection.
okidoki
202Hadrian__RIC586.jpg
586 Hadrian Sestertius, Roma 119-21 AD Moneta39 viewsReference.
RIC 586 var C. 974; BMC 1196; Banti --; Strack 677

Obv. IMP. CAESAR. TRAIANVS. HADRIANVS. AVG. P. M. TR. P. COS. III.
Laureate, bust right, aegis on left shoulder, seen from front

Rev. MONETA AVGVSTI, S.C
Moneta standing left with scales and cornucopiae

23.75 gr
34/33 mm
okidoki
1162Hadrian_RIC586c.jpg
586c Hadrian Sestertius, Roma 119-21 AD Moneta11 viewsReference.
RIC 586 var C. 974; BMC 1196; Banti 549; Strack 677

Obv. IMP. CAESAR. TRAIANVS. HADRIANVS. AVG. P. M. TR. P. COS. III.
Bust of Hadrian, laureate, draped, right

Rev. MONETA AVGVSTI S C
Moneta, draped, standing left, holding scales in right hand and cornucopiae in left

28.03 gr
32 mm
6h
okidoki
ttogether.jpg
9..Tribhuvanagupta 973-974/5 AD 13 viewsTribhuvanagupta 973-974/5 AD
Copper Kaserah or Punchshi 18mm (5.42gr)
Obverse- Goddess Ardochsho/Lakshmi seated facing in half lotus position, with Nagari legend 'Tri' to left 'bhuvana' to right
Reverse- King standing facing and sacrificing at altar holding trident, with Nagari legend 'Gupta' bottom right
Paul R3
btogether.jpg
90..Bhimagupta 974/5-980 AD (Utpala dynasty)13 viewsBhimagupta 974/5-980 AD (Utpala dynasty)
Copper Kaserah or Punchshi 18mm
Obverse- Goddess Ardochsho/Lakshmi seated
Reverse- King facing
Paul R3
Antoniniano_Aureliano_RIC_279.jpg
96-20 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)33 viewsAE Antoniniano 23 x 22 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "ORI-ENS AVG]" – Sol radiado desnudo con su manto sobre el hombro izquierdo, caminando hacia la izquierda, levantando su brazo derecho extendido y sosteniendo un globo en la mano izquierda. A ambos lados dos prisioneros sentados y con sus manos atadas. El sol apoya su pié derecho en las ataduras del prisionero ubicado a su derecha. "XXIT" en exergo.

Acuńada 7ma. Emisión Jun/Sept. 274 D.C.
Ceca: Serdica (Off. 3ra.) – Sofia Bulgaria
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte I #279 Pag.296 - Cohen Vol.VI #145 Pag.190/1 - Göbl#256 k3 - La Venera. II.1/9974 (1 ex) - DVM # Pag. –
mdelvalle
RIC_279_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-20 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)6 viewsAE Antoniniano 23 x 22 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "ORI-ENS AVG]" – Sol radiado desnudo con su manto sobre el hombro izquierdo, caminando hacia la izquierda, levantando su brazo derecho extendido y sosteniendo un globo en la mano izquierda. A ambos lados dos prisioneros sentados y con sus manos atadas. El sol apoya su pié derecho en las ataduras del prisionero ubicado a su derecha. "XXIT" en exergo.

Acuńada 7ma. Emisión Jun/Sept. 274 D.C.
Ceca: Serdica (Off. 3ra.) – Sofia Bulgaria

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte I #279 Pag.296 - Cohen Vol.VI #145 Pag.190/1 - Göbl#256 k3 - La Venera. II.1/9974 (1 ex) - DVM #14 P.257
mdelvalle
175Hadrian__RIC974.jpg
974 Hadrian Dupondius Roma 128 AD Hilaritas38 viewsReference.
RIC 974; C.820; Strack 629

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P.
radiate head right.

Rev. HILARITAS P R, COS III in exergue, S C across field
Hilaritas standing facing, head left, holding long palm branch and cornucopiae; to either side, small child standing facing her.

13.38 gr
27 mm
okidoki
Maiorina Constante RIC VIII Thessalonica 122A.jpg
A129-50 - Constante (337 - 350 D.C.)40 viewsAE2 Maiorina ó Centenional 23 x 22 mm 4.7 gr.

Anv: "DN CONSTA-NS P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha. "A" detrás del busto.
Rev: "FEL TEMP - REPARATIO" - El Emperador con vestimentas militares de pié a izquierda en la proa de una galera, portando Victoriola en mano derecha y Labarum (estandarte militar) con "CHI RO" en la bandera, en mano izquierda. La galera es timoneada por la Victoria sentada a popa. "T SA *" en exergo y "A" en campo izquierdo.

Acuńada 348 - 350 D.C.
Ceca: Tessalonica (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.VIII (Thessalonica) #122 Pag.412 - Cohen Vol.VII #11 Pag.406 - DVM #62 Pag.297 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8593.g.2. Pag.206 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3974 - LRBC #1649
mdelvalle
Maiorina Constancio II RIC VIII Heraclea 86E.jpg
A130-65 - Constancio II (337 - 361 D.C.)50 viewsAE2 Maiorina ó Centenional 20 mm 4.6 gr.

Anv: "[DN CON]STAN- TIVS P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha. "Δ" detrás del busto.
Rev: "FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO" - Soldado con yelmo a derecha, portando escudo en brazo izquierdo, alancea con derecha a un jinete caido que porta diadema, lo mira y extiende su brazo izquierdo hacia él. "SMHε" en exergo.

Acuńada 348 - 352 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off.5ta.)
Rareza: C2

Referencias: RIC Vol.VIII (Heraclea) #86 Pag.436 - Cohen Vol.VII #46 Pag.447 - DVM #90 Pag.300 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8659.h. Pag.214 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3974 - LRBC #1896
mdelvalle
Patrai_Hemidrachm_adj.jpg
Achaian League, Patrai, ca. 86 BC, AR Hemidrachm 6 viewsLaureate head of Zeus right.
Wreath surrounding AX monogram in centre; ΦΙ above, ΞE to left, ΠA to right, dolphin swimming right below.

BCD Peloponnesos 508.4; HGC 5, 55.

(15 mm, 2.32 g, 11h).
Jencek Historical Enterprise; ex- BCD Collection (private sale); ex- Coin Art, Feb. 1974 per BCD ticket.
n.igma
4470081.jpg
Akarnania Leukas AR Stater circa 320-280 BC 19.5 mm 8.53g 1h Pegasi 13236 viewsPegasos flying left/Helmeted head of Athena left,stylis behind.
ex Dr Erik Miller collection.purchased from C.J Martin 18 June 1974,Sotheby 15 May 1974 lot 31
2 commentsGrant H
DSC01739.JPG
Alexander III, the Great AR Drachm SUPERB 289 viewsAlexander III, The Great. Ruler of the Ancient World 336-323 BC.
Silver Drachm 17mm (4.28 grams)
Struck in the name of Alexander the Great.
Probably LYSIMACHEIA mint. Simbles similar to Lysimachos´ ca 301-297

Obv:
Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin headdress.
Rev:
ALEXANDROU, Zeus seated left, griffin monogram below, monogram below. _sold :o(

Lisandro III de Macedonia,
Lisandro Magano
(greco: Ἀλέξανδρος Γ' ὁ Μακεδών, Aléxandros trίtos ho Makedόn)
Re de Macedonia,
Egemone de la Liga elenica,
Faraon d'Egito,
Re dei Re.
SOLD
2 commentsAntonio Protti
005BAlexanderSeverus.jpg
Alexander Severus13 viewsBrass Sestertius
Roman Imperial - The Principate

Alexander Severus

Rome mint, 226 A.D.
Obverse aVF, reverse aF. Encrustations and deposits.
31.0 mm / 12.96 g / 0°

Obverse: "IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG", laureate, draped bust right.
Reverse: "LIBERALITAS AVGVSTI III", Liberalitas standing left with coin counter and cornucopiae. "S - C"

RIC 573. Sear 7974. Cohen 129. BMCRE 312.

Ex C4S - DS (2015)

MyID: 005B
TenthGen
11721198_992209727479744_1112080325_n.jpg
Ammonite26 viewspyritized Ammonited1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
11720744_992209734146410_946409748_n.jpg
Ammonite20 views1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Angola.jpg
Angola55 viewsKm70 - 10 Centavos - 1949 (1948-1949)
Km71 - 20 Centavos - 1948 (1948-1949)
Km76 - 1 Escudo - 1972 (1953-1974)
Daniel F
philip_I.jpg
Antoninianus; VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing left holding branch & spear. RIC 5212 viewsPhilip I. AR Antoninianus. Virtus standing left. RSC 239, good VF. Philip I AR Antoninianus. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate draped bust right / VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing left holding branch & spear. RIC 52, Cohen 239, Sear RCV III: 8974. Ex Vauctions.Podiceps
AntoSe49-2.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 767a, Sestertius of AD 145-147 (Slow quadriga)42 viewsĆ Sestertius (25.2g, Ř31mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 145-147.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: COS IIII / S C (in two lines in ex.), Emperor in slow quadriga left, holding eagle-tipped sceptre.
RIC 767a; BMC 1669-73; Cohen 320; Strack 974
from old British collection (1998)
Charles S
AntoSe49-4.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 767a, Sestertius of AD 145-147 (Slow quadriga)28 viewsĆ Sestertius (25.2g, Ř31mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 145-147.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P, draped laureate bust right.
Rev.: COS IIII / S C (in two lines in ex.), Emperor in slow quadriga left, holding eagle-tipped sceptre.
RIC 767a; BMCRE 1669; Cohen 320; Strack 974; Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4168
ex D. Ruskin (1998)
Charles S
1333_Arse-Saguntum.jpg
Arse / Saguntum - AE quadrans?14 viewsc. 200-150 BC
shell
dolphin, crescent above, three dots below
P (A in north-east iberian script)
R&L 153-79; ACIP 1974; SNG BM Spain 1112
ex Soler y Llach
Johny SYSEL
1332_Arse-Saguntum.jpg
Arse / Saguntum - AE quadrans?8 viewsc. 200-150 BC
shell
dolphin, crescent above, three dots below
P (A in north-east iberian script)
R&L 153-79; ACIP 1974; SNG BM Spain 1112
ex Soler y Llach
Johny SYSEL
Bahamas.jpg
Bahamas66 viewsKm2 - 1 cent - 1966
Km59 - 1 cent - 1974
Km61 - 10 Cents - 1987
Km6 - 25 Cents - 1966
Km63 - 25 Cents - 1985
Daniel Friedman
Baktria,_Eukratides_I_Tetradrachm.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides I, ca. 171-145 BC, AR Tetradrachm15 viewsDiademed and draped bust of a mature Eukratides right, wearing a crested helmet decorated with ear and horn of a bull.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ MEΓAΛOY EYKPATIΔOY (of King Eukratides the Great) Dioskouroi on horseback charging right, carrying spears and palm branches, ΦΛΩ monogram beneath hooves right.

Bopearachchi Series. 6 O; SNG ANS 9, 467; Mitchiner 177a; Qunduz 135-136; HGC 12, 131; Sear GCV 7570 var. (monogram).

(32 mm, 15.81 g, 12h).
HJB 151, Nov. 2006, 221; ex- Coin Galleries 21 Nov. 1974, 371.

The epithet MEΓAΛOY (Great) indicates that this coin was struck at the apogee of Eukratides power, following the complete conquest of the Baktria.
n.igma
Barbados.jpg
Barbados66 viewsKm11 - 5 Cents - 1973
Km13 - 25 Cents - 1973
Km15 - 2 Dollars - 1974-F
Daniel Friedman
BCC_B21_Justin_I_Monogram.jpg
BCC B21x12 viewsByzantine Period
Justin I 518-527CE
Obv: Diademed bust right.
Rev: Monogram of Justin I
within wreath or circle.
AE 8mm 0.63gm. Axis:240
Surface find, Caesarea M. 1974.
Hahn 34, BMC Vandals 135-8
Mint of Constantinople
v-drome
BCC_B22_Anastasius_Monogram_Composite.jpg
BCC B228 viewsByzantine Period
Anastasius 491-518CE
Obv: Diademed bust right,
traces of inscription.
Rev: Monogram of Anastasius
within wreath or circle.
AE 10mm 0.87gm. Axis:0
Struck 491-498CE
Surface find, Caesarea M. 1974.
Possible ref: SB 13, DOC 15
Mint of Constantinople?
v-drome
BCC_B25_Gelimer_Monogram.jpg
BCC B254 viewsByzantine Period
Gelimer 530-534CE
Obv: [GEIL] Bust right,
traces of inscription.
Rev: Monogram of Gelimer
within wreath.
AE 9.75mm 0.88gm. Axis:0
BMC Vandals 4-6
Nummus. Carthage Mint
Surface find, Caesarea M. 1974.
Vandalic coinage has frequently
been found alongside late Roman
and early Byzantine coins in
excavations at Caesarea Maritima.
v-drome
ceramic_cg10.jpg
BCC CG1026 viewsCeramic Fragment
1st - 4nd century CE?
Pottery fragment, possibly part
of an oil lamp, with togate? figure standing
right. The underside shows marks from fabric
or perhaps fingerprints pressing the wet clay into
the mold. Traces remain of a dark colored slip.
From the beach south of Caesarea Maritima, 1974.
41.5mm x 34.0mm. x 7.5mm.
v-drome
BCC_CG14_composite.jpg
BCC CG1413 viewsCeramic Fragment
Uncertain Date
Pottery fragment with incised
designs including leaves and
column? The clay is fairly coarse,
slightly orange on the outside
and gray on the inside. Unglazed.
From the beach south of
Caesarea Maritima, 1974.
9.2 cm. x 5.7 x 0.65 cm.
Any ideas welcome.
(Click for larger pic)
v-drome
BCC_cg9_VMBI_ceramic.jpg
BCC cg932 viewsCeramic Fragment
1st century CE
Red Slip Arretine Ware pottery fragment
with ligatured stamp VMBI, within
an incuse rectangle. A mark of the potter
L. Umbricius who was active in Tuscany,
possibly around the date of AD 15-30.
From the beach south of Caesarea
Maritima, 1974.
(Thanks to Shawn Caza for the information)
4.65cm.x2.55cm.x0.4cm.
v-drome
Silenus_BCC_L13.jpg
BCC L1323 viewsVotive Lead Head
1st - 3rd Century CE?
Lead Head depicting Silenus?
(or comedic actor?) with bulbous
nose and lump on forehead,
but lacking the usual full beard.
3/4 facing portrait with flat
underside and no obvious breaks.
Caesarea Maritima, surface find, 1974.
2.5cm.x1.85cm.x1.1cm. wt: 23.6gm.
v-drome
BCC_LH2_Lead_Head.jpeg
BCC LH213 viewsLead Head
Hollow cast lead figure
of a miniature stylized head.
Crushed flat, but otherwise well
preserved. This artifact is part of
a collection of similar objects now
being studied. I hope to have a
more complete explanation of these
mysterious items in the future. It
is interesting that the various pieces
in this collection have different facial
features, hair styles, and head
coverings. They remind me of the
many different representations of
the enemies of Rome on the "FEL
TEMP REPARATIO" coins.
31 x 22 x 5mm. 8.79gm.
Surface find, 1974, Caesarea Maritima
J. Berlin Caesarea Collection
v-drome
BCC_LH3_Lead_Head_composite.jpeg
BCC LH322 viewsLead Head
Hollow cast lead figure
of a miniature stylized head.
Pierced from the back, and
possibly crimped on to a
shaft or tang? This specimen
is unusual among the known
assemblage of these strange
objects in that the mold was prepared
along the front and back axis rather
than the left and right axis. The interior
is smooth with no sign of a seam.
Small hole in back, cf. BCC LH9
36.5 x 21.5 x 15mm. 19.02gm.
Surface find, 1974, Caesarea Maritima
J. Berlin Caesarea Collection
1 commentsv-drome
BCC_LH7_composite.jpeg
BCC LH718 viewsLead Head
Hollow cast lead figure
of a miniature stylized head.
Inscribed around:
KAΛOK AIPOC
37.5 x 21.5 x 11mm.
10.38gm.
Identical and from the same mold
as BCC LH6. I believe KAΛOKAIPOC
is a personal name, which may(?)
also be translated as "summer" or
"in a good time". Other ideas are
welcome. I have seen three of these,
all from the same mold, all from
Caesarea Maritima.
cf BCC LH6
Surface find, 1974
(click for larger pic)
1 commentsv-drome
BCC_LT51_Crescent_Stars_.jpg
BCC LT5116 viewsLead Tessera
Caesarea Maritima
Roman 1st-3rd Cent. CE
Obv: Imperial Head right.
Rev: Crescent with (7?) stars around.
11.5 x 2.25mm. 1.71gm. Axis:180
ref: Hamburger #112 - 114
Surface find Caesarea Maritima, 1974
v-drome
BCC_LW10_Alpha.jpg
BCC LW1019 viewsLead Weight - Uncertain unit.
Late Roman - Early Byzantine?
Obv:Well preserved weight with
Greek letter A within roughly square
recess. Adjustment? tabs on each corner.
Suspension loop pierced with a sharp
object from the front, after casting.
Rev: Blank.
16 x 18 x 4mm. Weight: 4.39gm. 
Surface find from Caesarea Maritima, 1974

v-drome
BCC_MA21,_22_and_23_ring_key.jpg
BCC MA21, MA22, MA2321 viewsWarded Bronze Ring Keys
Caesarea Maritima
Uncertain Date
1st-3rd Century CE?
cf. D. Jackson, Roman Gallery
of Locks, Keys, and Seals,
#239, 614, 1005
(romanlocks.com).
Surface finds, 1971-1974
1 commentsv-drome
BCC_NA3_neolitic_blade.jpg
BCC NA320 viewsNeolithic Period
blade or drill?
25mm.x8mm.x3mm
1.03gm.
Delicate microlith with fine edging,
spiral flutes, which I think are called
“diagonal edge to edge percussion flaking”,
semi-oval profile. Broken? on at least one
end. Surface find near Caesarea
Maritima, 1974.
(click for higher res.)
v-drome
Belize.jpg
Belize - British Honduras82 viewsKm31 - 5 Cents - 1970 (British Honduras)
Km35 - 10 Cents - 1974 (Belize)
Km99 - 1 Dollar - 1991 (Belize)
Daniel F
new_bhima.jpg
Bhima Gupta Deva 974/5-980 AD (Utpala dynasty)4 viewsBhimagupta 974/5-980 AD (Utpala dynasty)
Copper Kaserah or Punchshi 18mm (5.55gr)
Obverse- Goddess Ardochsho/Lakshmi seated facing in half lotus position, with Nagari legend 'Bhi' to left 'ma Gu' to right
Reverse- King standing facing and sacrificing at altar holding trident in left hand, with Nagari legend 'pta Deva' bottom right
Paul R3
Bulgaria.jpg
Bulgaria64 viewsKm59 - 1 stotinka - 1962
Km60 - 2 Stotinki - 1962
Km86 - 5 Stotinki - 1974
Km88 - 20 Stotinki - 1974
Km89 - 50 Stotinki - 1974
Daniel F
rz0660bb1974.jpg
BYZANTINE, John VIII Palaeologus, 1423-1448, Constantinople, AR Stavraton (Half Hyperpyron)1788 viewsIWANHC ΔECΠOTIC O ΠAΛEOΛOΓOC / ΘV XAPITI AVTOKPATOP in two circles inside which bust of John facing, bearded, nimbate, crown with pendila, a pellet in the left and right fields. / IC/I-XC/X Nimbate bust of Christ, book of Gospels in left hand, right hand raised in benediction, all inside dotted and lined circle, surrounded by margin with pellets, inside solid line circle. 6.7g

When voting be careful to compare this with other coins of the same denomination, not the smaller ones which have cause to look even more crude. While this is crude and probably easily bested, I would prefer the coin that ousts this entrant at least have as much of the name of the ruler as does this one (IWA at the top of the outer circle).
7 commentsdougsmit
0060.jpg
C. Antestius Denarius22 viewsRRC 219/1e (puppy with both fore feet raised)
146 b.c.

Bought from NAC Auction #73, Lot #53 in 2007 - Privately purchased from Spink & Son in June 1974.
I love this dog
1 commentsNorbert
cruz719OR.jpg
Caracalla, Ruzicka, Pautalia, page 176, #71915 viewsPautalia mint, Caracalla, 198-217 A.D. AE, 18mm 3.52g, Ruzicka, Pautalia, page 176, #719
O: AYTOKPA - ANTΩNINOC , laureate, draped, and ciurassed bust of Caracalla (youthful), r.
R: OVAΠIAC - ΠAVTALIAC , Apollo standing left, holding patera in outstretched right and branch in lowered left.
3 pieces listed: Sofia 974 , Vienna 8815 , Zagreb
casata137ec
Civil_Wars_RIC_121.jpg
Civil Wars of 68-69 Clasped Hands73 viewsCivil Wars of 68-69 AD AR denarius. 3.49 g. Minted by pro-Vitellian forces in Southern Gaul.
O: FIDES EXERCITVVM, two clasped hands.
R: FIDES PRAETORIANORVM, two clasped hands.
-BMC 65; Martin 7; RIC˛ 121 (Group IV) , Ex Jonathan P. Rosen, Ex Auktion Myers/Adams 7, New York 1974, Nr. 269.

The message of a unified fidelity, or loyalty, of the 'armies' (FIDES EXERCITVVM) and the praetorians (FIDES PRAETORIANORVM) would only be an effective propaganda tool if it was distributed among the praetorians.

David R Sear, writing in RCV, agrees with Kraay (Num. Chron 1949, pp 78.) that this interesting, anonymous civil war issue was produced on behalf of Vitellius, to be used as 'bribe money' to suborn the soldiers, as well as the Praetorian Guard, loyal to Otho in the capital. "In March 69 AD, Vitellian commander Fabius Valens entered Italy from Southern Gaul at the head of a small band of secret agents. Their mission was to infiltrate the capital, especially the ranks of the Praetorians, with the object of disseminating pro-Vitellian propaganda and dissociating the guards from their allegiance to Otho. These coins, struck in advance in Southern Gaul, would thus have played a vital role as 'bribe money'. Despite these covert activities, the Praetorians remained loyal to their Emperor, though all was to be for naught, as the following month, the invading army of Vitellius was victorious at the battle of Bedriacum, and Otho took his own life" - David R Sear

Here is the ad from the New york times December 1, 1974 page 208, advertising the Myers/Adams auction 7:
Several thousand foreign coin collectors are expected here next weekend for the biggest event on their winter calendar, the third annual New York International Numismatic Convention. The three‐day show will be held in the Albert Hall of the Americana Hotel, Seventh Avenue between 52d and 53rd Streets. It will open at 11 A.M. on Friday, with the exhibit area and the dealer bourse to remain open till 8 P.M. On Saturday the hours are 10 A.M. to 8 P.M., and on Sunday from 11 A.M. to 6 P.M. There will be an admission charge of 50 cents, for which a badge will be issued that will be good for all three days.
As its title indicates, the show emphasizes foreign numismatics to the point of almost excluding U.S. material. This holds true in exhibits as well as in the bourse and throughout the convention program. All of the exhibits are, again, invitational—noncompetitive—and were selected to assure representation of a wide range of international numismatic interests.

One symbol of the convention's success is that the, number of exhibitors and dealers has grown each year. This year there will be 67 bourse tables, roughly a quarter of them occupied by dealers from Europe and Canada; the remainder will be taken by leading U.S. dealers who have established reputations as specialists in ancient and foreign coins.
The convention will have two auctions, both described in some detail in this column a couple of weeks ago. The first, a “prologue” to the convention, will he the Myers/ Adams auction of ancient Greek and Roman coins at 7 P.M. on Thursday. The second, a two‐session sale of foreign coins and paper money, will be conducted by Henry Christensen, Inc., at 7 P.M. on Friday and 1:30 P.M. on Saturday.
3 commentsNemonater
CivilWarRIC12.jpg
Civil Wars RIC 12174 viewsCivil Wars 68-69 CE. AR Denarius (17.50 mm, 3.39 g). Spanish mint, April-June 68 CE.
O: BONI EVENTVS, Female bust right, wearing fillet; hair rolled and looped above neck
R: VICTORIA P R, Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath in right hand and palm in left
- BMCRE I 292 Note + Taf 50.2; P.-H. Martin, the anonymous coins of the year 68 AD (1974) 82 # 99 PL 9; E. P. Nicolas, De Néron ŕ Vespasien (1979) 1308 No. 31; 1435 f 1456 # 107 Taf 14.107 B; RIC I˛ Nr. 12 (Spain, 68 n. Chr.) R5 (Group I). Evidently the second known. The above references are all to one example found in Münzkabinett Berlin.

Likely struck by Galba in Spain between April 6 and early June, 68 AD, that is, between the dates of his acceptance of the offer from Vindex and of his receiving news of his recognition by the Senate.

The civil wars at the end of Nero’s reign began with the revolt of the governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, Gaius Julius Vindex, probably around the beginning of March of AD 68. Vindex had claimed that he had a force of 100,000 men, and a substantial coinage was certainly needed to pay them.

Vindex offered the leadership of the revolt to Servius Sulpicius Galba, then governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, who was hailed imperator by the Spanish legions at Carthago Nova in April of the same year. The title was cautiously refused, but Galba did declare himself the legatus of the senate and people of Rome. Just a month later, Galba’s confidence would be shaken by the crushing defeat of Vindex near Besançon by the general Lucius Verginius Rufus, governor of Germania Superior. By 9 June Nero was dead, having taken his own life. Galba began his march to Rome, and his brief reign was underway.

Without an emperor to strike in the name of (save for that in honor of the “model emperor” of Roman history, Augustus) the coinage was struck with messages suiting the political climate. The coinage under Vindex possesses a more aggressive air that underscores the militant nature of his revolt, while Galba’s tends to be more constitutional and optimistic in tone. Originally struck in large numbers, as indicated by the number of types employed, the coins of the civil wars are all rare today, having been recalled after the final victory of Vespasian in 69 AD.
5 commentsNemonater
coin974.JPG
Constans, two victories with wreaths, Thessalonica5 viewsRIC VIII Thessalonica 101
ecoli
Constans- Victoriae 1.JPG
Constans- Victoriae AVGG51 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.


Obverse:
Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

CONSTANS P F AVG

CONSTANS: Constans
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse: Two Victories facing one another, each holding wreath and palm frond, D in center.

VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN

VICTORIAE: Victory
DD: Dominus Nostra, our lord
AVGGQ: two emperors
NN: Nost—Nostrorvm, our

Domination: Bronze AE3, size 16 mm

Mint: TRP, Trier mint, P= Prima Officina, 347-348 A.D
Note - Doubled letters used as plurals, e.g. one ruler is AUG and two agusti AUGG, one Caesar is CAES and two is CAESS, or D N vs D D N N where N N is read as "our".
According "Peter N. Schulten, Die Römische Münzstätte Trier", (Frankfurt 1974), page 31, is emission no. 53 (343 AD) marked like this (with the D in the middle).
John Schou
5802_5803.jpg
Constantine I, Follis, SOLI INVICTO COMITI1 viewsAE Follis
Constantine I
Caesar: 306 - 307AD
Augustus: 307 - 337AD
Issued: 317 - 318AD
19.0 x 16.0mm
O: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG; Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: SOLI INVICTO COMITI; Sol, standing left, raising right hand and holding globe.
Exergue: C, left field; S, right field; TARL, below line.
Arelate Mint
Aorta: 2974: B78, O59, R186, T204, M4.
aitorazpietia 321138409739
6/12/13 1/30/17
Nicholas Z
6073_6074-1.jpg
Constantine II, AE3, GLORIA EXERCITVS8 viewsAE3
Constantine II
Caesar: 317 - 337AD
Augustus: 337 - 340AD
Issued: 330 - 333, 335AD
17.5mm 3.40gr 6h
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C; Laureate, cuirassed bust, right.
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS; Soldiers (2), standing on either side of 2 standards, each holding a spear and resting hand on a shield. Dot on banner.
Exergue: SMANΘ
Antioch Mint
RIC VII Antioch 87, Θ; Sear (2000) 17343.
Aorta: 615: B29, O7, R27, T73, M2.
numis-kimel 282789745149
1/26/18 2/20/18
Nicholas Z
IMG_1974.jpg
Crispus, Issue 2, Toone 307 var.16 viewsCRISPVS_NOBILC, Helmeted, draped bust left, shield on left shoulder
BEATATRA_NQVILLITAS, Altar
Mintmark P/A//PLON
Weight 3.21g
A type not listed in Toone's corpus but other examples are known
Adrianus
Czechoslovakia.jpg
Czechoslovakia82 viewsKm53 - 5 Haleru - 1967
Km3 - 10 Haleru - 1933
Km80 - 10 Haleru - 1988
Km74 - 20 Haleru - 1983
Km55.1 - 50 Haleru - 1965
Km50 - 1 Koruna - 1983
Km75 - 2 Koruny - 1974
Km57 - 3 Koruny - 1965
Km60 - 5 Korun - 1979
Daniel F
12974212393_8588852f3a_o.jpg
D.O. 45 Linked dies23 viewsSégusiaves
DemetriusII.jpg
Demetrius II8 viewsSELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. Second reign, 129-125 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.46 g, 1h). Damaskos mint. Dated SE 185 (128/7 BC). Diademed head right / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; monogram to outer left, monogram below throne, [EΠΡ (date) in exergue]. SC 2181.5; Schwei Group 4, 64 (A10/P37 – this coin); HGC 9, 1116d; DCA 223. VF, toned, deposits on reverse.

Ex George Bernert Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 106, 13 September 2017), lot 476; Cederlind BBS 132 (4 October 2004), lot 86; Peus 283 (14 May 1974), lot 143.
arash p
Marcus_Aurelius.jpg
Denarius; CONSECRATIO, eagle on globe32 viewsobv: DIVVS M. ANTONINVS PIVS
rev: CONSECRATIO, eagle on the globe
Issued by Commodus in honour of Divus Marcus Aurelius. Sear RCV II 5974. Rome AD 180
2 commentskaitsuburi
H7a.jpg
Diocletian AV Aureus158 viewsDiocletian AV Aureus. Cyzicus mint. 293 AD. DIOCLETIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate bust right / CONCORDIAE AVGG NN, Emperors seated l., each holding globe and parazonium and crowned by Victory. RIC 292

VERY RARE - R2
GOOD EXTREMELY FINE

Ex. Bank Leu AG, Zurich 10 (1974), 387
Ex. Münzen & Medaillen AG Basel 68 (1986), 393.
Ex. Hess-Divo 2007
6 commentsTrajan
dio_eag_standards_k.jpg
Diocletian, AD 284-3055 viewsPotin tetradrachm, 20mm, 8.1g, 12h; Alexandria, AD 286/7
Obv.: A K Γ OYA ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: Eagle standing facing, head right, wreath in beak, wings open, between two vexilla
L Δ / * in upper field.
Reference: Emmett 4039, Curtis 1974; Milne 4891.
From the Collection of JBGood
John Anthony
diocle_tetra_4891.jpg
Diocletian, Eagle facing, flanked by two vexilla, year 417 viewsDiocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4891, BMC Alexandria 2539, Geissen 3235, Curtis 1974, SNG Cop 991, VF/F, Alexandria mint, 8.557g, 19.7mm, 0o, 29 Aug 287 - 28 Aug 288 A.D.; obverse “A K G OUA DIOKLHTIANO”C C“EB”, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse , eagle standing facing, wings spread, wreath in beak, flanked by two vexilla, L“D” (year 4) and star above. Ex FORVMPodiceps
4309_4310.jpg
Dyrrachium, Illyria, Drachm, DYP AYKIΣKOY10 viewsAR Drachm
Greek Provincial Dyrrhachium, Illyria
Magistrate Meniskos
Issued: After 229BC
18.0mm 3.21gr
O: MENIΣKOΣ; Cow standing right, looking left, calf suckling left; statue of diety, right.
R: DYP AYKIΣKOY; Double stellate pattern within double linear square with sides curved inwards.
Mionnet 122; BMC 94 - 95; Ceka 325.
alexandra.numismatics 111470669741
7/30/14 4/23/17
Nicholas Z
EB0017_scaled.JPG
EB0017 Persephone / Nike13 viewsSyracuse Agathokles, SICILY, AR tetradrachm, 305-289 BC.
Obverse: KOΡAΣ, Head of Persephone right in wreath of corn.
Reverse: AΓAΘOKΛEIOΣ, Nike standing right, erecting trophy, hammer in her right hand, triskeles rotating right in lower left field.
References: Sear 974; BAR Issue 23; Hoover HGC 1536.
Diameter: 26.5mm, Weight: 17.05g.
1 commentsEB
EB0210_7b_scaled.JPG
EB0210.7 Head / Star & Bow10 viewsPONTOS, AE27, ca 130-100 BC.
Obverse: Male head left, wearing bashlyk.
Reverse: Eight-rayed star; bow to left.
References: SNG BM Black Sea 974. Very rare.
Diameter: 27mm, Weight: .
EB
EB0556_scaled.JPG
EB0556 Philip II / Eirene15 viewsPhilip II AE 28 of Pisidia, Antioch 247-249 AD.
Obv: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS P F AVG P M, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CAES ANTIOCH COL, S-R. Eirene walking left, holding olive branch and transverse sceptre.
References: SNG Righetti 1369; SNG von Aulock 4974; KRZY. PII1.3; SNG France 3, 1273-1276; Waddington 3611; SNG Cop 78; Hunter 24.
Diameter: 28mm, Weight: 12.059 grams.
EB
EB0664_scaled.JPG
EB0664 Tacitus / Eagle5 viewsTacitus, 275-276 AD, billon tetradrachm of Alexandria, year 1 = 275-276.
Obverse: A K KΛ TAKI_TOC CEB, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: ETOVC - A, Eagle standing left, head right, wreath in beak.
References: BMC 2406 variant; Emmett 3974; Milne 4504.
Diameter: 21mm Weight: 7.116g
EB
EB0934_scaled.JPG
EB0934 Ptolemy II, Zeus / Eagle5 viewsPtolemy II 285-247 BC, AE 38, Alexandria mint.
Obverse: Diademed head of Zeus right.
Reverse: PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head right, cornucopiae at right shoulder, E between legs.
References: Cf. Svoronos 974.
Diameter: 38mm, Weight: 45.42g.
Note: The coin flip says Ptolemy II, but this looks very similar to EB0932, where the flip says Ptolemy III.
EB
EB0974_scaled.JPG
EB0974 Phocas & Empress Leontia / Large M5 viewsPhocas and Leontia. 602-610 AD. AE Follis. Constantinople.
Obverse: DM FO[CAE] PP AVG, Phocas on left, holding cross on globe and Leontia, nimbate, on right, holding sceptre topped by cross, standing, cross between their heads.
Reverse: Large M, ANNO to left, cross above, year I to right, mintmark CON and officina letter.
References: SB 639, MIB 60a-b.
Diameter: 32mm, Weight: 13.057g.
EB
Ptolemy-III_Euregetes_Greek-Alexandria,_AE-37-Tetrobol_Svoronos-974-Eseries-var__BC__Q-001_0h_37mm_45,4g-s.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, Ptolemy III. Euregetes, (247-47,221-20 B.C.), Svoronos 974 Epsilon Series var., AE-Tetrobol, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, 125 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, Ptolemy III. Euregetes, (247-47,221-20 B.C.), Svoronos 974 Epsilon Series var., AE-Tetrobol, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt,
avers:- Head of Zeus-Ammon right, wearing taenia.
revers:- ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟY ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt; wings closed, head right, cornucopiae over the shoulder, E between legs.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 37,0mm, weight: 45,4g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 247-47,221-20 B.C., ref: Svoronos 974 Epsilon Series var.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
VA16302LG.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria; Hadrian35 viewsEGYPT. Alexandria. Hadrian. 117-138 AD. Billon Tetradrachm (23mm - 12.84 g). Dated Year 5 (120/1 AD). Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder; crescent before / Canopis of Osiris right. Köln 807; Dattari 1318; Milne 974; Emmett 827. Good Fine, gray toning, minor roughness.

Ex - CNG
2 commentsecoli
Ptolemy_III.jpg
Egypt, PTOLEMY III EUERGETES I21 viewsPTOLEMY III EUERGETES I
AE38.2mm, 51 grams
Alexandria Mint, 246-221 BC

O: Bust of Zeus Ammon to right.

R: ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head reverted, cornucopiae on back, monogram E between legs.

Reference: Ref: Svoronos 974, SNG Copenhagen 224-226.

Ex Amphora Coins
1 commentsSosius
PtolemyBig.jpg
Egyptian Bronze Ptolemy III14 viewsA massive Ptolemaic Egyptian bronze coin of Ptolemy III, minted in Alexandria between 246-221 BC. 38mm, 44.4g.

Obverse: horned head of Zeus-Ammon.

Reverse: an eagle standing on a thunderbolt with an E between its legs, with the inscription PTOLEMAIOY BASILEWS = "King Ptolemy".

Attribution: Svoronos 974
chuy1530
Faience_Dwarf_-_sm.jpg
Egyptian Faience Dwarf with Large Phallus151 viewsA Large Faience Egyptian Amulet of a Dwarf. A large faience amulet of a dwarf with large phallus, Late Period, c. 664 - 30 BC, seated with his knees drawn up before him, tufts of hair on each side of his head. He holds his enormous engorged phallus against his chest with both hands, resting his chin on the end. Suspension loop at the back of his head. H: 46 mm. Intact, glaze fade though traces of black still on the hair. Ex Negus collection, UK, late 19th Century.
Ex Agora Auctions #1 - Nov 2013

Great info from FORVM member Russ (thanks!):
These items represent the ancient Egyptian god Min, and date from the XXVIth Dynasty to Roman times. See:
1. Andrews, Carol. Amulets of Ancient Egypt. Avon/Austin, 1994: pages 11, 16, 17, 88; Figs 5a and 11b.
2. Blanchard, R.H. Handbook of Egyptian Gods and Mummy Amulets. Cairo, 1909 (reprinted by Attic Books, no date): page 19, Figs. 193 & 194, Plate XXXVII. Blanchard notes " Min, Minu or Khem, the ithyphalic god of procreation and harvest. He was allied to Amen and wears the two feathers. He hoolds aloft the flail with his right arm. He was the son of Isis, father of Ra, and husband of his mother. Min was the original of the Greek god Pan, and was worshipped at Akhmim, or the Panopolis of the Greeks."
3. Petrie, W.M.F. Amulets, London, 1914, reprinted 1974: page 37, Section 161, Plate XXX.
4 commentsSosius
Elagabalus_Artemis.jpg
Elagabalus Artemis13 viewsBronze AE 26, Varbanov 3974, F, weight 11.883g, maximum diameter 26.5mm, die axis 180o,
OBV: AVT M AVPH ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right;
REV: C I-CTP/ON, Artemis advancing right, with right drawing arrow from quiver, in left arrow,
hound at her side.
16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Nikopolis, Moesia Inferior
Romanorvm
imgonline-com-ua-2to1-9t1WMEb8hJ2FDC.jpg
England. PLANTAGENET. John. 1199-1216. AR Penny. circa 1210-1213.3 viewsLondon mint. . Short Cross type, class VIa1. ; Abel, moneyer. Struck in the name and types of Henry II, ҺЄNRICVS R ЄX, crowned facing bust, holding scepter / + ABЄL · ON · LV(ND)Є, voided cross, with four pellets in angles. SCBI 56 (Mass), 1740A; North 974/1; SCBC 1353.Russel K
JCT_Federation_of_Jewish_Philanthropic_Societies.jpg
Federation for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies of New York City (New York, New York)17 viewsAE gilded with only residual guilding remaining, 38.4 mm., 0°

Obv: FEDERATION // FOR THE / SUPPORT OF // JEWISH PHILANTHROPIC SOCIETIES // OF NEW / YORK CITY, surrounding "FOR THE POOR WILL NEVER CEASE OUT OF THE LAND" / 1926, surrounding candelabra flanked by 91 IN -- ONE, צדקה‎ ( = tzedakah = charity) rising from base. W. & H. CO. NEWARK, N. J. in tiny letters along rim at 6:00.

Rev: CHARITY / MY SHARE / FOR / 1926 / LUCKY TOCKEN, 1916 -- 1926 on ribbon above.

Beginning at the end of the 19th century the federation model was adopted by Jewish communal leaders around the country as a successful way to bring together affiliated social service agencies, consolidate their administrative functions, reduce duplication in services, raise funds efficiently and better serve the needs of the community. A Committee on Federation was convened by Felix M. Warburg and first met on February 26, 1916 to sort through the various plans that had been proposed for a federation of philanthropic agencies, and to appoint a Special Committee of Seven for this work. The Federation for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies of New York City was formally chartered by the State of New York on January 10, 1917. The foundational year of 1916 indicated on this token presumably alludes to the convening of the Committee on Federation and Special Committee of Seven.

It was then affiliated with 42 institutions. In 1944, when the Federation merged with The Brooklyn Federation of Jewish to form the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies of New York, the Federation was affiliated with 91 institutions. The Federation was presumably already affiliated with 91 institutions by 1926, as the obverse bears the slogan, "91 in One."

As a result of increased fund raising after the Yom Kippur War of 1973, in 1974 the Federation and United Jewish Appeal of Greater New York began to combine their fundraising campaigns. They remained separate but conducted a joint campaign, the UJA-Federation of Jewish Philanthropies Joint Campaign, from 1974 through 1986. The two organizations were fully merged as UJA-Federation of New York as of July 1, 1986.

Note: Minted by The Whitehead & Hoag Company, Newark, NJ (1880-1955).
Stkp
FH-G-027_(0s).jpg
FH-G-0276 viewsCilicia, Tarsos; 164-30 BC; bronze AE17

- ΤΑΠΣΕΩΝ
- TARSEWN
- Zeus seated left, holding Nike and sceptre, star in lower left field.

- Μ-Η-ΤΡ-Ο
- M-H-TR-O (TR ligate)- Clockwise from lower left
- Knobby club, with pommel and hilt, bound with filet; all within wreath.

3.63gm / 17.68mm / Axis: 0

References:
SNG France 1370-2 var. (magistrate’s name)
SNG Levante 974
Waddington 4613
SNG Pfalz 1327

Notes: Dec 2, 15 - Although fully and accurately attributed, this coin may show considerable aesthetic improvement with proper cleaning.
- This coin is closely comparable in detail and style to coin listed here: https://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=98417
Jonathan P
FH-G-030_(0s).jpg
FH-G-0306 viewsCilicia, Tarsos; 164-0 BC; AE17

- ΤΑΠΣΕΩΝ
- TARSEWN
- Zeus seated left, holding Nike and sceptre, star in lower left field.

- Μ-Η-ΤΡ-Ο
- M-H-TR-O (TR ligate) - Clockwise from lower left
- Solid, wide club, bound with filet; all within wreath.

4.21gm / 17.97mm / Axis: 0

References:
SNG France 1366
SNG Levante 974
Waddington 4613
SNG Pfalz 1327

Notes: Dec 2, 15 - Although faint, minor details of this coin are visible, including star on obverse and legend on reverse, making this coin nicely attributable.
- The club on the obverse is distinctly wider than others of this type, almost trumpet shape. I have not yet found a comparable example.
- This coin is noticably heavy compared to the other three of the same type in this collection.
Jonathan P
19746q00.jpg
Greek39 viewsAR tetradrachm Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos 323-281 B.C.
Ob. Diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon
Rev. Athena enthroned left, rests left arm on shield, transverse spear against
right side, Nike crowning name in right, ME monogram below
nathan s2
Boehringer_156_(plate_coin).jpg
GREEK, SICILY, Syracuse. Deinomenid Tyranny. 485-466 BC. AR Tetradrachm, struck ca. 480-475 BC.21 viewsBoehringer, Die Münzen von Syrakus, 1929 and reprint 1974, Plate 7, # 156

SICILY, Syracuse. Deinomenid Tyranny. 485-466 BC. AR Tetradrachm, struck ca. 480-475 BC.
16.93 g, 24 mm, 12 h, test cut.

Obverse: Charioteer driving slow quadriga right, holding kentron and reins; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses.

Reverse: ΣVRAK—ΟΣΙ—O—N, Head of Arethusa right, wearing pearl diadem, surrounded by four dolphins swimming clockwise.

Reference: Boehringer # 156 (V70/R108) (this coin), Prinz Waldeck # 488 (this coin), SNG ANS # 44

Pedigree:
- Ex-Prince (Fürst) Waldeck of Arolsen collection # 488.
- Berlin Coin Cabinet between ca. 1921 - 1931 (plaster casts were made).
- Boehringer plate coin # 156 ("Die Münzen von Syrakus", 1929).
- Ex-Münzhandel Basel, Vente publique N° 4, 1st of October, 1935, Lot # 488.
- Ex-Heinz Rühmann Collection (famous German movie actor).
- Ex-Gerhand Hirsch Nachfolger, Auction 332, 20th of September, 2017, Lot # 2069.
- Ex-Stock; Dealer Hamborg, Bernd.
- The Asena Collection (Burak Cebeci), purchased at Dortmund Coin Fair, 01.09.2019.
- Illustrated on Wildwinds as Boehringer 156 (http://wildwinds.com/coins/greece/sicily/syracuse/deinomenid/t.html)
Istinpolin
Hadrian_brass.jpg
Hadrian dupondius Hilaritas RIC 97452 viewsDupondius, 128-9 AD, Rome Mint
24.1x25.8mm, 12.7g
Obv: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, radiate bust right
Rev: HILARITAS P R / COS III, Hilaritas facing, holding palm frond and cornucopiae, a child at either side
RIC 974
areich
HADRDU02-2.jpg
Hadrian, RIC 974, Dupondius of AD 138-139 (Hilaritas)8 viewsĆ Dupondius (12.6g, Ř26mm, 6h). Rome, AD 138-139.
Obv.: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, radiate head right; drapery on l. shoulder
Rev.: HILARITAS P R around, COS III in ex., S | C, Hilaritas standing left, holding palm branch and cornucopiae; left a little boy, right, a girl.
RIC 974 (C); Cohen 820
Ex D.Ruskin, Oxford, 1994; from old British collection.
Charles S
HADRDU13-2.jpg
Hadrian, RIC 974j, Dupondius of AD 128-1329 viewsĆ Dupondius (12,9g, Ř 28mm, 6h). Rome, AD 128-132.
Obv.: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, radiate bust right drapery left shoulder.
Rev.: HILARITAS P R around, COS III in ex., S | C, Hilaritas standing left, holding palm branch and cornucopiae left left small boy right small girl.
RIC 974j (C); Cohen 820; Strack 629
Charles S
HUN_Maria_Huszar_569_Pohl_114-4.JPG
Huszár 569 var., Pohl 114-4 var., Unger 443d var., Réthy II 116 var., Frynas H.26.4 var., Rupp 42/4-6 Tab XV/430, Toma Exceptional Version A Plate III/15-17 var. (legends)178 viewsHungary. Maria/Mária (1382-1387 solo reign; 1387-1395 with husband Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg)

AR denar, .56 g., 15.24 mm. max, 0°

Obv: + REGInE • VnGARI [Gothic-style letter A], Open crown with CM below

Rev: + mOnETA • mARIE [Gothic-style letters A], Patriarchal cross

As both sides of the standard Huszár 569 carry a titular legend, there is no consensus regarding obverse and reverse. The fullest legend on the side identified by Huszár and Pohl as the obverse (the side with the crown) is + mARIE D G R VnGARIE (although most coins are missing at least the first G). The fullest legend on the side identified by Unger, Réthy, Frynas and Gyöngyössy as the obverse (the side with the patriarchal cross) is + mOnETA mARIE R V. Since the letters R V are so often omitted from the cross side, Toma accepts the crown side as the obverse.

The standard Huszár 569 was struck in 1384-1395 (per Huszár, with Unger and Frynas agreeing that it incepted in 1384) or in 1385-1395 (per Pohl), and is traditionally viewed as the last of three denarii struck by Maria. More recently, it has been viewed as the second type struck by her (after Huszár 565 and before Huszár 566), in 1383-1385 (per Gyöngyössi and Toma). This coin, with a Cm below the crown, was struck in Körmöcbánya/Kremnitz (now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Johannes Craczer in 1385 (per Pohl).

Toma notes fifteen legend variations among 45 coins of the standard type within the Cluj-Mănăştur Hoard, found in Cluj-Napoca, Romania (formerly, Kolozsvár, Hungary), in 1934. They differ mainly in terms of completeness of legends, spelling of the queen's name, presence of pellets, and the styles of the letter A. Toma lists two variations among five coins with a Cm mark (Pohl 114-4).

Toma further notes four versions of the crown and four versions of the patriarchal cross on the standard type. There are six obverse/reverse design combinations appearing among 41 coins in the hoard, only one of which, Toma A/b, appears among four coins with a Cm (Pohl 114-4). The design combination on this coin appears to be Toma A/b.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5. This coin is a variation of the type not described/depicted in Huszár and Pohl, Unger and Réthy, or Frynas. It is also not included in Toma's tabulation of legend variations or design combinations. It was recorded by Rupp with the Cm mark (Pohl 114-4) and viewed by Unger (1974) to be a distinct type, although it is not included in his catalog. Toma notes 16 coins of this variation in the hoard, bearing four privy marks, eleven with this mark but different legend combinations (Toma plate III/15-17). This combination is represented with a different mark from Körmöcbánya/Kremnitz. Toma refers to the side with the patriarchal cross as the obverse, and notes that the design and legend are as per the obverse of Huszár 566. Toma refers to the side with the crown as the reverse, and notes that legend is as per the reverse legend of Huszár 566 but that the design is as per the obverse of Huszár 569. Toma concludes that this variation represents a distinct type, chronologically sandwiched between the earlier Huszár 569 and later Huszár 566.
1 commentsStkp
HUN_Maria_Huszar_569_Pohl_114-8.jpg
Huszár 569 var., Pohl 114-8 var., Unger 443h var., Réthy II 116 var., Frynas H.26.4 var., Rupp 42/4-6 var. (legend and privy mark) Plate XV/430, Toma Exceptional Version A 23 viewsHungary. Maria/Mária (1382-1387 solo reign; 1387-1395 with husband Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg)

AR denar, .54 g., 14.36 mm. max., 0°

Obv: + REGIn... VnGARIE [Gothic-style letter A], Open crown with K below

Rev: + mOnETA • mARIE [Gothic-style letters A; letter T stylized to resemble a letter m], Patriarchal cross

As both sides of the standard Huszár 569 carry a titular legend, there is no consensus regarding obverse and reverse. The fullest legend on the side identified by Huszár and Pohl as the obverse (the side with the crown) is + mARIE D G R VnGARIE (although most coins are missing at least the first G). The fullest legend on the side identified by Unger, Réthy, Frynas and Gyöngyössy as the obverse (the side with the patriarchal cross) is + mOnETA mARIE R V. Since the letters R V are so often omitted from the cross side, Toma accepts the crown side as the obverse.

The standard Huszár 569 was struck in 1384-1395 (per Huszár, with Unger and Frynas agreeing that it incepted in 1384) or in 1385-1395 (per Pohl), and is traditionally viewed as the last of three denarii struck by Maria. More recently, it has been viewed as the second type struck by her (after Huszár 565 and before Huszár 566), in 1383-1385 (per Gyöngyössi and Toma). This coin, with a letter K below the crown, was struck in Körmöcbánya/Kremnitz (now Kremnica, Slovakia) in 1386-1395 (per Pohl).

The letter T on the reverse of this coin is stylized to resemble the letter m. Toma notes that this style of letter T appears on the coins of this type struck at Körmöcbánya, but this apparently occurs only on those bearing the this privy mark (Pohl 114-8) and not on those bearing the Cm mark (Pohl 114-2).

Toma notes fifteen legend variations among 45 coins of the standard type within the Cluj-Mănăştur Hoard, found in Cluj-Napoca, Romania (formerly, Kolozsvár, Hungary), in 1934. They differ mainly in terms of completeness of legends, spelling of the queen's name, presence of pellets, and the styles of the letter A. Toma lists two variations among five coins with a Cm mark (Pohl 114-4).

Toma further notes four versions of the crown and four versions of the patriarchal cross on the standard type. There are six obverse/reverse design combinations appearing among 41 coins in the hoard, one of which, Toma A/b, appears on the single coin with this mark (Pohl 114-8). The design combination on this coin appears to be Toma A/b.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5. This coin is a variation of the type not described/depicted in Huszár and Pohl, Unger and Réthy, or Frynas. It is also not included in Toma's tabulation of legend variations or design combinations. It was recorded by Rupp with the K mark (Pohl 114-8) and viewed by Unger (1974) to be a distinct type, although it is not included in his catalog. Toma notes 16 coins of this variation in the hoard, bearing four privy marks, three with this mark, one which may bear this legend combinations. Toma refers to the side with the patriarchal cross as the obverse, and notes that the design and legend are as per the obverse of Huszár 566. Toma refers to the side with the crown as the reverse, and notes that legend is as per the reverse legend of Huszár 566 but that the design is as per the obverse of Huszár 569. Toma concludes that this variation represents a distinct type, chronologically sandwiched between the earlier Huszár 569 and later Huszár 566.
Stkp
HUN_Maria_Huszar_569_Pohl_114-16~0.jpg
Huszár 569, Pohl 114-16, Unger 443p, Réthy II 116, Frynas H.26.4, Rupp 42/4-6 var. Tab XV/430 (legends and privy mark), Toma Exceptional Version A Plate III/15-17 var. (legends and privy mark)27 viewsHungary. Maria/Mária (1382-1387 solo reign; 1387-1395 with husband Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg)

AR denar, .58 g, 14.6 mm. max, 270°

Obv: + REGIn...V...RIE, Open crown with letter O below

Rev: + MOnE...MARIE [Gothic-style letter A], Patriarchal cross

As both sides carry a titular legend, there is no consensus regarding obverse and reverse. The fullest legend on the side identified by Huszár and Pohl as the obverse (the side with the crown) is + mARIE D G R VnGARIE (although most coins are missing at least the first G). The fullest legend on the side identified by Unger, Réthy, Frynas and Gyöngyössy as the obverse (the side with the patriarchal cross) is + mOnETA mARIE R V. Since the letters R V are so often omitted from the cross side, Toma accepts the crown side as the obverse.

The standard Huszár was struck in 1384-1395 (per Huszár, with Unger and Frynas agreeing that it incepted in 1384) or in 1385-1395 (per Pohl), and is traditionally viewed as the last of three denarii struck by Maria. More recently, it has been viewed as the second type struck by her (after Huszár 565 and before Huszár 566), in 1383-1385 (per Gyöngyössi and Toma). This coin, with the letter O privy mark below the crown, was struck at an unidentified mint in 1386-1389 (per Pohl). This appears to be a variation of the privy mark.

Toma notes fifteen legend variations among 45 coins of this type within the Cluj-Mănăştur Hoard, found in Cluj-Napoca, Romania (formerly, Kolozsvár, Hungary), in 1934. They differ mainly in terms of completeness of legends, spelling of the queen's name, presence of pellets, and the styles of the letter A. Coins with this privy mark (Pohl 114-16) are not represented in the hoard.

Toma further notes four versions of the crown and four versions of the patriarchal cross on the standard type. There are six obverse/reverse design combinations appearing among 41 coins in the hoard. The design combination on this coin appears to be Toma B/b.

Huszár/Pohl rarity 5, Frynas rarity C. This coin is a variation of the type not described/depicted in Huszár and Pohl, Unger and Réthy, or Frynas. It is also not included in Toma's tabulation of legend variations or design combinations. It was recorded by Rupp with the Cm mark (Pohl 114-4) and viewed by Unger (1974) to be a distinct type, although it is not included in his catalog. Toma notes 16 coins of this variation in the hoard, bearing four privy marks, but not this mark (Toma plate III/15-17). Toma refers to the side with the patriarchal cross as the obverse, and notes that the design and legend are as per the obverse of Huszár 566. Toma refers to the side with the crown as the reverse, and notes that legend is as per the reverse legend of Huszár 566 but that the design is as per the obverse of Huszár 569. Toma concludes that this variation represents a distinct type, chronologically sandwiched between the earlier Huszár 569 and later Huszár 566.
1 commentsStkp
Süleyman I Mangir.jpg
Imperio Otomano - SĂĽleyman I (926-974 AH / 1520-1566 D.C.)33 viewsAE Mangir 11 mm 1.3 gr.

Anv: Ornamento Floral - Sin Leyenda.
Rev: leyenda "Fulus (Moneda de cobre) tish eyyede (Ayuda exterior) (9)_5(Fecha de acuńación, en este caso único número visible el último 5, Posiblemente la fecha sea 955 AH)". La tradución de la leyenda sería aproximadamente "Los impuestos pagados al llegar al lugar ayuda exterior"??.

Acuńada: 955 AH / 1549 D.C.
Ceca: No conocida

Referencias: Necdet Kabaklarli, Mangir (Copper Coins of Ottoman Empire), Istanbul, 1998 # 10-Z-15 Pag.390
mdelvalle
coin147.JPG
Ionia, Colophon27 viewsColophon (/ˈkɒləfɒn/;[1] Ancient Greek: Κολοφών) was an ancient city in Ionia. Founded around the turn of the first millennium BC, it was likely one of the oldest of the twelve cities of the Ionian League. In ancient times it was located between Lebedos (120 stadia to the west) and Ephesus (70 stadia to its south). Today the ruins of the city can be found south of the town Değirmendere Fev in the Menderes district of Izmir Province, Turkey.

The city's name comes from the word κολοφών, "summit", which is also the origin of the bibliographic term "colophon", in the metaphorical sense of a 'crowning touch', as it was sited along a ridgeline. The term "colophony" for rosin comes from the term colophonia resina, that is, resin from the pine trees of Colophon, which was highly valued for the strings of musical instruments.

Ionia, Colophon, c. 389-350 BC, 0.80g. ANSNNM 96, Milne, Kolophon-57. Obv: Head of Apollo l. Rx: Lyre.
ecoli
uncertain.jpg
Ionia, Kolophon?, hemiobol32 views8mm, 0.30g
obv: laureate head of Apollo right
rev: quadripartite incuse square with pellet in center

cf.
http://www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=285974
1 commentsareich
Kenya.jpg
Kenya54 viewsKm17 - 5 Cents - 1987
Km18 - 10 Cents - 1987 – President Arap Moi
Km19a - 50 Cents - 1994
Km14 - 1 Shilling - 1974
Km29 - 1 Shilling - 1995
Km23 - 5 Shillings - 1985
Daniel F
Lucius_Verus_AR_Denarius.jpg
Lucius Verus AR Denarius. _974354 viewsLucius Verus Denarius. L VERVS AVG ARMENIACVS, laureate head right / TR P IIII IMP II COS II, Mars standing right holding spear and leaning on shield. RIC 516, RSC 230. Sear'88 #15401 commentsAntonivs Protti
Marcus_Aurelius_RIC_C273.JPG
Marcus Aurelius, 161 - 180 AD (Posthumous issue)26 viewsObv: DIVVS M ANTONINVS PIVS, bare head of Marcus Aurelius facing right.

Rev: CONSECRATIO, Eagle standing on a globe facing right, head turned left.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 180 AD

3.2 grams, 19 mm, 180°

RIC III Commodus 273, RSC 91, S5974, VM 50/2
SPQR Coins
1798582_630623706974544_214059233_n.jpg
Maximinus Daia 38 viewsMaximinus Daia as Caesar Follis, struck AD 308 - 310 at Nicomedia mint.
Obv: GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES, laureate head right.
Rev: GENIO CAESARIS CMH (in ligation) / SMNB, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae
RIC 55
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
John_penny~0.png
Medieval, King John Penny: SCBI 56 Mass 1755 (this coin)32 viewsJohn (1199-1216), Penny, class VIa2, London,
Walter, walter · on · lvn, 1.40g/4h
(SCBI Mass 1755, this coin; N 974/2; S 1353).
Good fine, dark-toned
J.D. Brand Collection [from Baldwin October 1960];
J.P. Mass Collection, Part I, DNW Auction 61, 17 March 2004, lot 355 (part);
J. Sazama Collection, Part I, DNW Auction 93, 26 September 2011, lot 1140 (part)
The collection of the late ray Inder
DNW Auction Coins tokens and Historical Medals September 18-20 2018, lot 192.
orfew
Messambria_diobol.jpg
Messembria - AR diobol6 views450-350 BC
crested Corinthian helmet facing
wheel
M E Ϡ A
BMC 3; Sear #1673; SNGBMC 268ff, Moushmov 3974
1,25g
Johny SYSEL
Metapontum_fraction.JPG
Metapontum, Lucania45 views430-400 BC
AR Obol (7.6mm, 0.38g)
O: Beardless head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress.
R: Barley ear of five grains.
Noe 365.1; HN Italy 1506
Scarce
ex Forvm Ancient Coins

About 480 BC the city magistrates of Metapontum desired to make a change to their coinage, which up until that time depicted only the ear of grain.
This coin symbolizes the legend of Herakles and the Oxen of Geryon which, according to Diodorus Siculus (circa 1st century AD), were brought by the Hero to Metapontum from the west.

Ένα πολύ ιδιαίτερο ευχαριστώ για την καλή Νίκο μου φίλο.
Enodia
markianopolis_caracalla_AMNG648var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 18. Caracalla, HrJ (2013) 6.18.47.0740 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 27, 12.13g, 27.31mm, 45°
struck under governor Quintilianus
obv. ANTWINO - C PIOC AVGOVCTOS
Head, bearded, laureate, r.
rev. VP KVNTILIANOV - MARKIANOPOLITWN (WN ligate)
Table with lion-feet, girlanded, between two standards; on it an altar with an
eagle stg. l., looking r.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 648 var. (has different legend breaks)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 974
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.18.47.7
Rare, VF, nice green patina

AMNG 648 has different obv. legend breaks and WN in the field.

A. v. Domaszewski suggests, that the rev. shows a flag sanctuary of one of the troop units (Praetorian Guard?) which went with Severus on the occasion of his visit of Markianopolis AD 214/5 (Pick I/1, p.195)
Jochen
nikopolis_elagabal_HrJ(2012)8_26_38_14var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2018) 8.26.38.16 (plate coin)12 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 25, 10.24g
struck under governor Novius Rufus
obv. AVT K M AVRH - ANTWNEINOC
laureate head r.
rev. VP NOBIOV ROVFOV - NIKOPOLITWN PR / OC ICT
Tyche, diademed, in long garment and mantle, stg. frontal, head l., holding in l. arm
cornucopiae and in extended r. hand rudder set on globe
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 1974 var. (with kalathos and in ex. PROC ICT)
obv. e.g. AMNG I/1, 1980
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.26.38.16 (plate coin)
F+, dark green patina
Jochen
Morocco2.jpg
Morocco - Kingdom141 viewsY60 - 10 Santimat - 1974 (AH1394) FAO Issue
Y85 - 20 Santimat - 1987 (AH1407) FAO issue
Y56 - 1 Dirham - 1965 (AH1384)
Y63 - 1 Dirham - 1974 (AH1394)
Y88 - 1 Dirham - 1987 (AH1407)
Daniel Friedman
27~2.jpg
MPR 010 11 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: CONSERVAT AVG
BUST TYPE: A2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/B//XXI
WEIGHT 3.95g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 673
MPR 010 (3 EX.)
S.ESTIOT, P.GYSEN (2006): 9 EX.
COLLECTION NO.: 974
Barnaba6
Mysia,_Pergamon__AE-17_ca_200-0_BC_SNG_Cop_360_Q-001_0h_17mm_5,06g-s.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, (200-0 B.C.), AE-17, SNG Cop-360, ΠERΓAMH, Nike walking right,382 viewsMysia, Pergamon, (200-0 B.C.), AE-17, SNG Cop-360, ΠERΓAMH, Nike walking right,
avers: Helmeted head of Athena right, with Owl countermark.
revers: ΠERΓAMH, Nike walking right, holding wreath and palm branch.
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 5,06g, axes: 0h,
mint: Mysia, Pergamon,
date: 200-0 B.C., ref: SNG Cop-360, Weber 5182-5183, BMC 135-138, Sear Greek 3974,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Nero_Janus.jpg
Nero Ae As73 viewsNERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP
Laureate head right

PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT SC
Temple of Janus with doors closed

Rome 65 AD

8.96g

SEAR 1974

ex-Forum
Jay GT4
nero_contorniate.jpg
Nero Protocontorniate143 viewsNERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP
Laureate head right

PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT SC
Temple of Janus with doors closed

Rome 65 AD

9.22g

SEAR 1974

Edges hammered in antiquity (1st-3rd century) to create a "proto-contorniate"

Better in Hand!


Ex-Tater's

From Numiswiki protocontorniate:

A protocontorniate is a normal, large-module bronze coin, typically a sestertius, which at some point was later altered by hammering the edges of the coin so that it could serve some other use. A common assumption is that protocontorniates functioned as game counters since the rim created through hammering could protect the designs. Andreas Alföldi believed protocontorniates to be forerunners of the contorniates of the fourth and fifth centuries. He argued that protocontorniates were New Year’s gifts and that the older coins were actually hammered in the fourth century before the contorniates proper came into being.


Sold Forum auction. 2015
1 commentsJay GT4
neroas.jpg
Nero(54-68 AD) Bronze As 65 AD16 viewsObverse: Laureate Head right; NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP
Reverse: Temple of Janus, doors to the right; PACE PR TERRA MARIQ PARTA JANUM CLVSIT, S-C across field

RIC I 306, Sear 1974 diam 25 mm, wt 7.6 gm

Although history has given Nero a bad press he was a popular emperor in his time, notably because of his lavish expenditures on entertainment and the general peacefulness of his reign which he memorialized by showing the temple of Janus with doors closed signifying that Rome was at peace. Unfortunately empires are built on wars and conquest, not peace, and it is likely that the dissatisfaction of the army was the cause of his overthrow.
daverino
Netherlands.jpg
Netherlands112 viewsKM109 - 1/2 cent - 1891
KM132.1 - 1 cent - 1902
KM180 - 1 cent - 1974
KM181 - 5 cents - 1971
KM182 - 10 cents - 1972
KM183 - 25 cents - 1963
KM184a - 1 Gulden (nickel) - 1972
KM185 - 2.5 Gulden (silver) - 1960
Daniel Friedman
Netherlands_Antilles.jpg
Netherlands Antilles80 viewsKm8 - 1 Cent - 1973
Km6 - 5 Cents - 1970
Km13 - 5 Cents - 1974
Km10 - 10 Cents - 1975
Km11 - 25 Cents - 1971
Km37 - 1 Gulden - 1989
Km12 - 1 Gulden - 1971
Daniel Friedman
w12~0.JPG
Petra, Nabatea. Aretas IV88 viewsAretas IV Philopatris was the King of the Nabataeans from roughly 9 BC to AD 40.

His full title, as given in the inscriptions, was "Aretas, King of the Nabataeans, Friend of his People." Being the most powerful neighbour of Judea, he frequently took part in the state affairs of that country, and was influential in shaping the destiny of its rulers. While on not particularly good terms with Rome - as intimated by his surname, "Friend of his People", which is in direct opposition to the prevalent φιλορώμαις ("Friend of the Romans") and φιλόκαισαρ ("Friend of the Emperor") - and though it was only after great hesitation that Augustus recognized him as king, nevertheless he took part in the expedition of Varus against the Jews in the year 4 BC, and placed a considerable army at the disposal of the Roman general.

His daughter Phasaelis married Herod Antipas (4 BC – AD 39), otherwise known as Herod the Tetrarch. When Herod divorced Phasaelis to take his brother's wife Herodias, mother of Salome, in 36, Phasaelis fled to her father. Relations between Herod and Aretas IV were already strained over border disputes, and with his family honour shamed, Aretas IV invaded Herod's holdings, defeating his army[1] and capturing territories along the West Bank of the Jordan River, including the areas around Qumran[citation needed].

The classical author Josephus connects this battle, which occurred during the winter of AD 36/37, with the beheading of John the Baptist, which occurred about the same time.

Herod Antipas then appealed to Emperor Tiberius, who dispatched the governor of Syria to attack Aretas. But because of the emperor's death in AD 37 this action was never carried out.

The Christian Apostle, Paul, mentions that he had to sneak out of Damascus in a basket through a window in the wall to escape King Aretas. (2 Corinthians 11:32, 33, cf Acts 9:23, 24).

NABATAEA. Aretas IV. 9 BC-AD 40. Ć Quadrans. Petra mint. Dated RY 5 (5/4 BC). Laureate head right; Aramaic het-samekh flanking / Female figure (Huldu?) standing left, raising hand; date in legend. Meshorer, Nabataea 58.

Ex- CNG sale 143, Lot: 340
1 commentsecoli
4110_(1)_4111_(1).jpg
Philip I, the Arab, Antoninianus, VIRTVS AVG9 viewsAR Antoninianus
Philip I, the Arab
Augustus: 244 - 249AD
Issued: 244 - 249AD
25.0 x 21.0mm
O: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from behind).
R: VIRTVS AVG; Virtus standing left, stepping on helmet, holding branch and scepter.
Sear 8974; Cohen 239; RIC 52; RSC 239.
Aorta: B7, O6, R77, T76
Mark Reid/The Time Machine
Chicago Coin Expo 4/6/17 4/17/17
Nicholas Z
Macedon_PhilipIII_Price_P43_gf.jpg
Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Drachm2 viewsMacedon, Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Drachm (4.32 gm) of Colophon, 323-319 BC. Head of young Herakles r. clad in lion skin headdress. / Zeus Aetophoros enthroned, holding eagle and sceptre. ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, kithara (lyre) to l.  EF.  Lustrous and fine style. Ponterio 136 #1714. SNG Berry 235; HGC 3.1 #974d; Muller plate XXVII #P50 (Incerti Macedoniae); Price P43; SNG Alpha Bank 852; SNG Cop 2 #1100; SNG Munich 938-940. cf. Pegasi BOB155 #68 (same dies); Thompson-Bellinger p. 20 #7. Anaximander
Philippines1.jpg
Philippines88 views- US Administered -
Km179 - 1 centavo - 1944
Km181 - 10 Centavos - 1945
Km182 - 20 Centavos - 1944

- Republic -
Km186 - 1 centavo - 1963
Km239 - 5 Sentimos - 1987
Km268 - 5 Sentimos - 2002
Km198 - 10 Sentimos - 1974
Km226 - 10 Sentimos - 1981
Km240.2 - 10 Sentimos - 1990
Daniel Friedman
A1E38052-754F-4F0E-81A1-D294974BAAF4.jpeg
Phraates III51 viewsAR drachm, 4.095 g, 19.4 mm, Sellwood 38.10 variant (same), Shore -, Sunrise -, Margiane mint. Diademed and draped bust left, long pointed beard, pellet-ended spiral torque, border of dots / Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, wearing bashlyk and cloak, bow in right hand, Π below bow; squared six-line Greek inscription BAΣIΛEΩΣ / MEΓAΛOY above, APΣAKOY on right, EYEPΓETOY below, EΠIΦANOYΣ / ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ on the left.

From the Robert L3 Collection, ex Pars Coins
3 commentsThatParthianGuy
postumo-2.jpg
Postumus - RIC 5713 viewsRIC 57 Postumus AR Antoninianus.
Lyons mint, 262 AD.
C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
P M TR P IIII COS III P P, Mars walking right with trophy & transverse spear.
RSC 273a; Sear5 10974.
xokleng
8973_8974.jpg
Probus, Antoninianus, SALVS AVG, XXIV14 viewsAE Antoninianus
Probus
Augustus: 276 - 282AD
Issued: 280AD
21.5mm 3.30gr 6h
O: IMP PROBVS PF AVG; Helmeted, radiate and cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder in right hand and shield with dots in design in left hand.
R: SALVS AVG; Salus, standing right, feeding snake in right hand from patera in left.
Exergue: XXIV, below line.
Siscia Mint
RIC V-2 Siscia 748, XXIV; Alfoldi 65 #48.
Aorta: B15, O79, R141, T19, M6.
master-numismatics/Marisa Andresevic 153393291318
3/3/19 7/5/19
2 commentsNicholas Z
014.JPG
Ptolemy III60 viewsPtolemy III Euergetes. Ć Hemidrachm - Triobol. Alexandreia mint. First phase, struck circa 246-242/1. Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head right; cornucopia over shoulder; E between legs. Svoronos 974 var. (control mark).

AE40 about 46.5 g.

Thanks Bill and PtolemyAE for the attribution
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
004.JPG
Ptolemy III49 viewsPtolemy III Euergetes. Ć Hemidrachm - Triobol. Alexandreia mint. First phase, struck circa 246-242/1. Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head right; cornucopia over shoulder; E between legs. Svoronos 974 var. (control mark).

AE40 about 46.5 g.

Thanks Bill and PtolemyAE for the attribution
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
GAE070_O.jpg
Ptolemy III Euergetes - Alexandria - Hemidrachm - 246/221BC - Obverse133 viewsPtolemy Coin GAE070
Ptolemy III Euergeties - Alexandria - Hemidrachm - 246/221BC
AE 37.4-37.8mm : 50.3gm
OBV - Zeus Ammon, facing right
REV - Eagle standing on thunderbolt to left, head reverted to right of coin, head facing a filetted cornucopia ascending from right (on coin) shoulder, EPSILON monogram between legs
REF - SGCV 7815 BC222-04 Svoronos 974 (Plate 29 #12) Noeske 155-158
NOTE - Attributed by Lorber as Ptolemy III hemidrachm of heavy weight standard
PtolemAE
GAE070_R.jpg
Ptolemy III Euergetes - Alexandria - Hemidrachm - 246/221BC - Reverse121 viewsPtolemy Coin GAE070
Ptolemy III Euergeties - Alexandria - Hemidrachm - 246/221BC
AE 37.4-37.8mm : 50.3gm
OBV - Zeus Ammon, facing right
REV - Eagle standing on thunderbolt to left, head reverted to right of coin, head facing a filetted cornucopia ascending from right (on coin) shoulder, EPSILON monogram between legs
REF - SGCV 7815 BC222-04 Svoronos 974 (Plate 29 #12) Noeske 155-158
NOTE - Attributed by Lorber as Ptolemy III hemidrachm of heavy weight standard
PtolemAE
ptolemy_k.jpg
Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246-222 BC2 viewsĆ Hemidrachm (Triobol), 39mm, 44.8g, 12h; Alexandria mint.
Obv.: Head of Zeus-Ammon right, wearing tainia.
Rev.: ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ; Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head right; filleted cornucopia to right, monogram between legs.
Reference: Svoronos 974; SNG Copenhagen 227-9.
John Anthony
Ptolemy_III,_Sv_974.JPG
Ptolemy III Euergetes, Zeus, AE 38, Svoronos 97427 viewsPtolemy III Euergetes, 246-221 BC, AE Hemidrachm of heavy weight standard, Alexandria mint. Size/Weight: 39mm, 45.3g. Obverse: diademed head of Zeus Ammon right. Reverse: PTOLEMAIOY BASILEWS; eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head reverted, cornucopiae on back decorated fruit and bound with fillet , E between legs. Attribution: Svoronos 974, SNG Cop 227-229. ex areich, photo credit areichPodiceps
Ptolomy_IV~2.jpg
Ptolemy III, Eurgetes 246 - 221 B.C.11 viewsPtolemy III, Euergetes ("Benefactor") 246 - 221 B.C. Ae 38.1~38.8mm. 48.76g. Alexandria mint tetrobol. Obv: Horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia. Rev: ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, cornucopia at shoulder right, E (closed loop) monogram between eagle's legs. Svoronos 974 E(var.). ddwau
PtolemaiosIV_pentobol_Weiser91.jpg
Ptolemy IV - pentobol Weiser 9162 viewsPtolemy IV, Philopater (221 - 205 BC); 45.15g; obv. Diademed head of Zeus Ammon right; rev. PTOLEMIAOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, looking back at cornucopia under right wing. SNG Cop. 224; Svoronos 974; Weiser 91

Ex F. R. Künker Auction 143
Bartosz Awianowicz
ptolomy.jpg
Ptolemy IV Tetrobol ca. 240BC. AE 38mm. 46.9grm16 viewsPtolemy IV Tetrobol ca. 240BC.
Obv. Head of Zeus-Ammon right
Rev. PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt; cornucopiae behind, monogram between legs.
Ref. Svoronos 974
Lee S
Ptolomy_IV_Philopator~0.JPG
Ptolomy IV Philopator20 viewsPtolemy III, 36.7mm , 41.77g
Most books show this as Ptolemy IV, but things have changed based on some published modern hoard analysis research.
Svoronos 974. Today we would consider this most likely a hemidrachm - basically 1/2 the weight and size of the monster types of 80-100g,
AE 40-50.
Romanorvm
Roemetalces_I_Augustus.jpg
Rhoemetalces I - AE4 viewsThrace or Macedonia
11 BC - 12 AD
diademed head of Rhoemetlalces I right
BAΣIΛEΩΣ__POIMHTAΛK_OY
bare head of Octavian Augustus right
KAIΣAPOΣ__ΣEBAΣTOY
RPC I 1718; Youroukova 194; BMC Thrace p. 209, 7; SNG Cop 1192; SNG Tub 974; SNG Evelpidis 1124
ex Roma Numismatics
Johny SYSEL
Ceres.jpg
RIC 0974 Titus denarius 66 viewsT CAESAR VESPASIANVS
Laureate head of Titus right

CERES AVGVST
Ceres standing left holding corn-ears and long torch

Rome 78-79 AD

2.72g

Sear 2437, RIC 974 (R)

Scarce: only seven specimens in Reka Devnia hoard
Jay GT4
1249LGbk.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Antoninus Pius, Mopsos-Mopsuestia AE2468 viewsCilicia, Mopsos-Mopsuestia
obv: bare head right
rev: Athena standing, holding Victory and leaning on shield
Struck Year 207= 139/ 40 AD.
AE 24 (9.65 gm)
SNG France 1974
Jericho
73156q00.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.31 viewsSH73156. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE IV 1669, RIC III 767a, Strack III 974, Cohen II 320, Hill UCR 709, SRCV II 4168, VF, nice green patina, nice portrait, light scratches, tight flan, weight 22.051 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 146 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG - PIVS P P TR P, laureate head right; reverse Antoninus in slow quadriga left, eagle-tipped scepter in left, reins in right, COS IIII / S C in two lines in exergue1 commentsJoe Sermarini
IMG_0974.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla38 viewsCaracalla AR Denarius. 206 AD. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right, VOTA SVSCEPTA X, Caracalla veiled, standing left, sacrificing out of patera over tripod altar. RIC 179, RSC 689.1 commentsIlya_VK
P1100872a.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Hadrian, AE Dupondius9 viewsDiamčtre : 26 mm | Poids : 12,3 g
Avers : HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P. Buste radié d'Hadrien ŕ droite, drapé sur l’épaule (O2).
Revers : HILARITAS P R/ S|C// COS III. Hilaritas (l’Allégresse) en robe longue, debout ŕ gauche, donnant une palme ŕ un jeune garçon nu debout ŕ gauche, et tenant une corne d'abondance de la main gauche ; ŕ droite, une jeune fille habillée.
Date : 128 | RIC.974
Vamp
Roman_Empire_Philip_I_Lion_1974.jpg
Roman Empire, PHILIP I, AD 244-249, AR Antoninianus minted at Rome86 views Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG Radiate, cuirassed and draped bust right of Philip I
Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG Lion walking right I in exergue. 22.5mm. RIC 12; C. 173.
Ex Superior Ruby Part 2 Sale, June 17 through 22, 1974, lot 1045.
Ex. Dr. Charles L. Ruby Collection
Ex. Dr. Paul Rynearson

Note: The Ruby collection was purchase in 1971 by Superior Galleries for $1,000,000 and sold in three auctions. This coin was sold in auction two of the three auctions. This coin is pictured in the catalog and sold for $65.00.
paul1888
Vespasian_Sestertius_Trial.jpg
Roman Empire, Vespasian, Sestertius with As 119 viewsObv. IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG P M TR POT P P COS III, laureate head right.
Rev. FORTVNAE REDVCI S C, Fortuna standing left, holding cornucopiae and rudder on globe.
Mint: Rome, 71 AD.

32/33mm 26.61g

Cohen- RIC IIą- (cf. 422) RIC II˛- (cf. 73) BMC- Sear- (cf. 2323

Ex Münzhandel Henzen, MA-Shops, 2019.

This is an extremely rare Sestertius of Vespasian which obverse was strucked with a die of an As.
A similar piece with the same As die but reverse type "LIBERTAS PVBLICA" is in the Mazzini collection, listed under no. 255.
This coin is uncommonly sharp for example looking at the SC.
It is an interesting coin, I will be pleased for additional informations.

Thank you to Curtis Clay for the excellent following write-up:

"Not a trial strike or a mint error in my opinion, but an intentional sestertius obv. die, though why the portrait and legend were cut in middle-bronze size is anyone's guess!

The mint of Rome may have begun its bronze coin production of 71 with two short issues, of which this was the second, before settling on its main first obv. legend of the year,

IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG P M T P P P COS III.

The latest obv. legend on bronzes of the preceding year, 70 AD:

IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG P M T P P P COS II DES III on sestertii (only 1 die), the same but CAES VESPASIAN and COS II D III on middle bronzes (also only 1 die, with bust laureate, draped, cuirassed r.). RIC 32-38. The middle bronzes of this issue might be dupondii or asses or both, since Vespasian had not yet restored the radiate crown as a denominational mark for his dupondii, as we will soon see. Kraay, a very competent practical numismatist, considered them asses; Carradice and Buttrey suggest dupondii, though without being able to assure us that at least one example is definitely in yellow orichalcum rather than red copper. Hopefully renewed examination of the few surviving specimens, or new specimens that are clearly either yellow or red, will eventually clarify the question.

My proposed first short issue of bronze coins in 71: with obv. legend omitting COS III, just

IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG P M TR P, RIC 50-65. Three such obv. dies are known on sestertii. The middle bronzes all have laureate busts, and at least one type definitely occurs both as a yellow dupondius and as a red As (RIC 64 with note), showing that by the beginning of 71 Vespasian had not yet reintroduced the radiate crown as a mark of his dupondii.

The second short issue of early in 71, to which KC's new acquisition belongs: obv. legend

IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG P M TR POT P P COS III on sestertii (only 1 die, with portrait and legend in middle-bronze size, RIC 137-140 and KC's new piece).

On middle bronzes two slight variants of the same legend were used,

(a) CAES not CAESAR on the one known dupondius, RIC 141, Kraay plaster cast in Oxford, with Head radiate r. on obv., so Vespasian had now reintroduced the radiate crown as a mark of his dupondii, proving that this short issue was later than the other one that omits COS III.

(b) CAES not CAESAR as on the dupondius, but also T P instead of TR POT, Head laureate r., apparently an As, RIC 31, a unique coin in Oxford, formerly in my collection, ex Lanz Graz IV, 1974, Hohenkubin middle bronzes, lot 134. The obv. legend might appear to end just COS II, and Buttrey accepted this reading in RIC, though I had informed him that I believed it was just a slightly tooled COS III.

Coming at last to the point, the sestertius obv. die with middle-bronze-size portrait and legend cannot originally have been cut as an As obv. die, because the one certain As of this issue has a variant, slightly shorter, obv. legend, and because in that case no sestertius obv. dies at all would have been engraved for use in this short issue. I also suspect that the broad ring of empty space outside the dotted border on this obv. die, shown clearly by RIC pl. 20, 137, suggests that it was always meant to be a sestertius not a middle-bronze die.

The Fortuna Redux rev. die of KC's new coin had earlier been used in the COS II DES III issue of late 70 AD, RIC pl. 15, 33, giving some support to my suggestion that this second small issue of bronzes in 71 was probably produced quite early in the year. The same rev. die, as Kraay observed, was also used a little later with an obv. die of the main VESPASIANVS issue of 71, Paris pl. XLIV, 486. But it is not certain, of course, that these two small issues of bronze coins were produced one after the other early in 71, before the main VESPASIANVS issue had started, as I have here suggested. Perhaps they were instead produced early in 71 indeed, but as isolated experiments alongside the main VESPASIANVS issue."

Thanks to Alberto "FlaviusDomitianus"

"Your coin is apparently unpublished and belongs to a small issue of Sestertii described in RIC 2.1 page 69:

"(d) Variant group of sestertii with small (as) die ending VESPASIAN AVG P M TR POT COS III - Pl. 20".

As noted by Carradice and Buttrey the obverse die has not be found on any As.

They are numbered from 137 to 141; since your reverse would be the first one in alphabetical order, it would probably get number 136A.

This small series is also discussed in the introduction (page 23)."

5 commentskc
CaesarSepullius.jpg
ROMAN IMPERATORIAL, Julius Caesar, AR Denarius24 viewsRome. The Imperators.
Julius Caesar and P. Sepullius Macer, 44 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.84g; 20mm).
Rome Mint, Feb-Mar 44 BCE.

Obverse: CAESAR - DICT PERPETVO; wreathed head of Julius Caesar facing right.

Reverse: P SEPVLLIVS – MACER; Venus facing left, holding Victory and staff; shield at feet.

References: Crawford 480/10; HCRI 107a; Sydenham 1073: Julia 48; Alföldi, Plate LXVI, No. 2 (this coin illustrated).

Provenance: Ex Andrew McCabe Collection; privately purchased from Ritter 2010; ex Rauch Auction 85 (26 Nov 2009) Lot 323; ex Professor L. Fontana Collection (bef. 1974).

Caesar was granted the title of Dictator for Life in mid-February, 44 BCE, thus all coins bearing DICT PERPETVO inscriptions can be firmly dated to the final month of Caesar’s life. This was a period of massive coinage output because Caesar was preparing for a campaign against the Parthians for which a substantial war chest would be needed. To meet the production needs, the college of moneyers was expanded from 3 to 4 moneyers. Nevertheless, manufacturing stress is evident by the frequent poor strikes and off-struck coins that survive today from these final Caesar portrait issues.

The moneyer P. Sepullius Macer struck coins during and after Caesar’s lifetime, including one type for M. Antony that also appears in my gallery. His output of coins was particularly high compared to the other three moneyers of 44 BCE. This reverse type, common among the four moneyers, alludes to the descent of the Julia gens from Venus and Anchises.
1 commentsCarausius
39182381_283704872417870_5460970029744914432_n.jpg
Roman Imperial, Julia Domna AR Denarius.10 viewsRoman Imperial, Julia Domna Denarius.

IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right.

IVNO REGINA, Juno standing left with patera and sceptre, Peacock at foot to left.

RIC 560, RSC 97, Sear RCV 1841
Gil-galad
Screenshot_2019-05-26_18_49_22.png
Roman Provincial, Phoenicia, Julia Soaemias as Augusta, Ć26 - 4 Assarion.8 viewsTripolis Yr 532 = 220-221 A.D. 14.08g - 26.3mm, Axis 12h.

Obv: IOYLIA CEMIAC CEB - Draped bust right.

Rev: TΡIΠOΛEITΩN / BΛΦ - Tetrastyle temple with lighted altar of Zeus Hagios; statues of Sol and Luna in outer intercolumnations, ornate superstructure with radiate facing bust in pediment; BΛΦ (date) in exergue.

Rouvier 1768; Babelon, Perses. 1974-1976; Mionnet V, 465; Mionnet Supp. VIII, No 272; Mus. Hedervar 6126.
scarli
89477_l.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, "Mule" Titia/Pansa AE As36 viewsRome, The Republic
Q. Titius, 90 BCE
AE As (10.78g; 27mm)

Obv: Head of Janus w/rounded beard (Pansa obv die).

Rev: Prow r; palm-branch behind prow; Q●TITI above (Titius rev die)

Reference: Crawford 341/4d; Hannover 2942 (dies); c.f. Hannover 2974 (Pansa)(obv die)

Provenance: Savoca 12 (22 Jan 2017) Lot 457

Hybrid mule of rare Q. Titius reverse with a "rounded-beard" Janus obverse of Pansa. See Hannover 2974 (Pansa) for only other known example bearing this reverse control mark.

Circa 90 B.C., during the time of the Social War, Q. Titius and C. Vibius C.F. Pansa were co-moneyers at Rome. The Social War was a civil war between Rome and her Italian allies who had broken-away in a demand for citizenship rights. It was a time of massive coinage output by the Rome mints, likely to pay the costs associated with the conflict. Not much is known of TItius or Pansa. TItius is the only member of the TItia gens for whom coins are known. Pansa was possibly the father of the later Pansa who struck coins in 49 BC and became consul in 43BC.

Some of TItius’ silver coin types feature a male head with long, pointed beard. There is speculation that the head represents Mutinus Titinus, another name of the minor god Priapus, and a naming pun for Titius. His AE asses overwhelmingly depict a Janiform head with atypical, long. pointy beard, resembling the head shown on his silver coins.

On the other hand, obverses of Pansa’s AE asses overwhelmingly depict Janus with a more traditional, curled beard. The fact that the obverse styles of Pansa’s and TItius’ contemporaneous asses are so different supports the argument that the pointy-bearded character on TItius’ coins represents someone other than Janus.

The fact that Titius and Pansa served as moneyers at the same time is evidenced by occasional mules of Titius’ pointy-bearded obverses with Pansa reverses and vice versa.

An online search of acsearch, Coin Archives and Coins of the Roman Republic Online yielded only four auction sales and one ANS example of this rare reverse, and all of them were paired with a pointy-bearded obverse. However, the Kestner Museum Hannover has a similar mule that may be a double die match to my coin (see Berger, Hannover 2942). Further, the Kestner Museum has a Pansa AE As in their collection with an apparent obverse die match to my mule (see Berger, Hannover 2974).

Are these Titius/Pansa mules indicative of particular administrative practices at the mint?

One possibility is that obverse dies, which contained no legends, were mixed freely among the two moneyers; however, the overwhelming conformity of pointy-bearded TItius asses and curled-beard Pansa asses refutes this suggestion. The mules are too scarce to suggest any freewheeling intent.

Second possibility is that all dies, TItius’ and Pansa’s, were controlled by a central mint repository which assigned the dies to teams at the commencement of work shifts and likely collected them for security at the end of work shifts. Care was certainly taken to pair pointy-bearded Janus obverses with TItius reverses, as evidenced by the super-majority of extant coins. Mistakes were inevitably made. How long it took the mint to correct such mistakes is unclear. The fact that my collection and the Kestner Museum share a mule from the same dies suggests that a good number of coins were made by those dies. The fact that Kestner Museum also has the same Pansa obverse die paired with a correct Pansa reverse proves that die combination was a likely mistake; whether the correct pairing was made at a previous work shift, at a subsequent work shift when dies were reassigned, or in the middle of the same work shift cannot be determined – the coins are not in such great condition that die states can be easily compared.

Third, the mules suggest that TItius’ and Pansa’s coins were struck at the same mint and perhaps in the same workshop by different striking teams. I don’t think it’s possible to extrapolate whether the dies were controlled on a workshop basis vs. a full mint basis.
Carausius
00264Q00.JPG
ROMAN REPUBLIC, L Series, AE Quadrans - Crawford 43 (unlisted) and 97/5b - EXTREMELY RARE!11 viewsRome, The Republic.
L Series, 214-212 BCE.
AE Quadrans (22.56g; 29mm).
Luceria Mint.

Obverse: Hercules facing r wearing lion skin; ●●● (mark-of-value=3 unciae), behind and below.

Reverse: Prow right; ROMA above; L●●● (mark-of-value=3 unciae), below.

References: Crawford 43 (unlisted) and 97/5b; Syd --; BMCRR --; RBW 400 (see discussion at 399); see Russo, “Unpublished Roman Republican Bronze Coins” (Essays Hersh, 1998), #37 discussion.

Provenance: Ex Kölner Münzkabinett Auction 109 (16 Nov 2018); ex Prof. Hildebrecht Hommel Collection; purchased from Cahn (Basel), 13 Mar 1973.

This type is extremely rare, with no examples appearing in the Paris collection as of 1974, none in Berger’s Kestner-Museum Hannover catalogue, and only 4 examples in addition to my coin on ACSEARCH as of 31 December 2018. Crawford cites an example in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, collection. Both Roberto Russo and Andrew McCabe have persuasively argued that Crawford 97/5b should be reassigned to the Crawford 43 L series, which otherwise lacks a quadrans. Both the weight and style of this coin are consistent with the earlier Crawford 43 series, which is based on an As of about 83 grams. McCabe notes that the Oxford example, on which Crawford based 97/5b, was badly corroded and probably lightweight. Subsequent examples of the type in trade have weighed 22+ grams, consistent with an As of about 85-90 grams.
Carausius
974c.jpg
rsc30410 viewsElagabalus
AR Denarius

Obv: IMP ANTONINVS AVG, laureate draped bust right
Rev: VICTORIA AVG, Victory walking left holding wreath in right hand and palm over left shoulder.
18 mm, 2.65 gms

RSC 304, RIC 162
Charles M
San_Marino.jpg
San Marino34 viewsKm63 - 1 Lira - 1977
Km33 - 10 Lire - 1974
Km313 - 200 Lire - 1994
Daniel F
29746.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm Quadriga and Arethusa c. 480-475 B.C.19 viewsSicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm Quadriga and Arethusa c. 480-475 B.C.
25mm, 17.43 grams, Ex. Wayne C Phillips catalogue 246 lot 53 Sept 1999.
Obv: Slow quadriga right, above Nike flying right to crown horses.
Rev: Head of Arethusa right, hair bound with a ribbon, wearing necklace, surrounded by four dolphins.
Ref: Boehringer 124E.
aVF
mjabrial
Paphlagonia1a_img.jpg
Sinope, Paphlagonia, Silver Drachm111 viewsObv:- Head of nymph left, hair in sakkos, wearing triple pendant earring and necklace
Rev:- Eagle with dolphin in talons facing left, ∆ΙΟΥ (magistrate's name) below wing, ΣΙΝΩ below dolphin
Sinope mint, c. 330 - 300 B.C.
Ref:- SNG BM 1484; SNG Stancomb 772; SNG Cop 284
ex Baldwin & Sons, London, ex Forum Ancient Coins, where it was graded aEF, beautifully toned, fine style
Weight 4.974g, maximum diameter 16.9mm, die axis 180o
7 commentsmaridvnvm
Thailand_obv.jpg
Thailand81 viewsY208 - 5 Satang - 1987-1995
Y73 - 10 Satang - 1950
Y79 - 10 Satang - 1957
Y70 - 25 Satang - 1946
Y80 - 25 Satang - 1957
Y187 - 25 Satang - 1987-2007
Y441 - 25 Satang - 2008-2009
Y71 - 50 Satang - 1946
Y81 - 50 Satang - 1957
Y168 - 50 Satang - 1980
Y82.1 - 1 Baht - 1957
Y84 - 1 Baht - 1962
Y100 - 1 Baht - 1974
Y110 - 1 Baht - 1977
Y112 - 1 Baht - 1977
Y183 - 1 Baht - 1986-2008
Y330 - 1 Baht - 1996
Y443 - 1 Baht - 2009
Y219 - 5 Baht - 1988-2006
Y446 - 5 Baht - 2008-2009
Y227 - 10 Baht - 1988-2006
Y328.1 - 10 Baht - 1996
Daniel F
P1019744.JPG
Theodosius I, 388-392 AD. AE13mm.9 viewsTheodosius I, 388-392 AD.

Obv: DN THEODO-SIVS PF AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory advancing left , dragging captive, trophy over shoulder.
Lee S
titus as caesar ceres den.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC 97469 viewsAR Denarius, 2.84g
Rome Mint, 78-79 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: T CAESAR VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: CERES AVGVST; Ceres, draped to feet, standing l., holding poppy and two corn-ears in extended r. hand and long vertical sceptre in l.
RIC 974 (R). BMC 321. RSC 31. BNC 282.
Acquired from Realms Ancient Coins, April 2007.

Titus' reverses on his denarii closely mirror those of his father Vespasian. This Ceres reverse was briefly continued into Titus' reign and thus may be dated more towards 79, the year of Vespasian's death. The type itself may have been part of an issue which commemorated a new agricultural programme.

A wonderful coin in hand with a few minor scratches on the portrait that do not detract from the coins appeal.
Vespasian70
Titus_as_Caesar_RIC_II_V0974.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC II V097438 viewsTitus as Caesar 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 77-78 A.D. (3.45g, 18.2mm, 7h.) Obv: T CAESAR VESPASIANVS, laureate head r. Rev: CERES AVGVST; Ceres stg. l., with corn ears and poppy and scepter. RIC II V974, BMC V321, RSC31.

Ceres was the Roman goddess associated with agriculture and grain crops. This type, mirroring one contemporaneously issued by Vespasian, came with a series echoing agrarian themes.

While the picture may not depict it, the toning on this specimen is quite nice.
2 commentsLucas H
830FB974-BDA1-44AB-AB90-0534D38DC1E1.jpeg
Trebonianus Gallus17 viewsTrebonianus Gallus AE Sestertius (15.30g). AD 251. IMP CAES C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VOTIS-DECENNA-LIBVS-SC in four lines within laurel wreath. RIC 127a; Cohen 137; Sear 9683.Molinari
8580_8581.jpg
Valens, AE3, GLORIA ROMANORVM, R, (Dot)ΓSISC2 viewsAE3
Valens
Augustus: 364 - 378AD
Issued: 367 - 375AD
19.5mm 2.20gr 7h
O: DN VALEN-S PF AVG; Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: GLORIA RO-MANORVM; Valens advancing right, dragging captive and holding labarum with CHI RHO on standard.
Exergue: R, right field; (Dot)ΓSISC, below line.
Siscia Mint
Sear 19745; RIC IX Siscia 5b; Aorta: 566: B4, O7, R8, T15, M13.
master-numismatics 153208927343
10/13/18 3/25/19
Nicholas Z
1797439_10201245662439409_413921510_n.jpg
Vitellius50 viewsRoman Empire
Vitellius
(Reign as 8th Emperor of the Roman Empire April 16-Dec. 22, 69 AD)
(b. 15 AD, d. 69 AD)


Obverse: A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN, Laureate head of Vitellius facing right

Reverse: FIDES EXERCITVVM, Hands in handshake




Silver Denarius
Minted in Tarraco Jan.-June 69 AD



Translations:

A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN= Aulus Vitellius Imperator(Commander-in-Chief) Germanicus
FIDES EXERCITVVM= Loyalty of the Armies

Tarraco = Tarragona, Spain



References:
RIC I 27
ERIC II 101
Sphinx357
voluro~0.jpg
Volusian (251 - 253 A.D.)24 viewsAR Antoninianus
O: IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
R: CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left, holding patera and double cornucopiae, star in right field.
Rome Mint
3.35g
22mm
RIC IV, 169; RSC 25; Hunter 6; Sear 9743.
1 commentsMat
0400-210.jpg
Volusian, Antoninianus18 viewsIMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, radiate and draped bust right
AEQUITAS AVGG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia
4,04 gr
Cohen # 8, RCV # 9740
Potator II
ARI-Volusian-3.jpg
Volusian, AR Double-Denarius8 viewsAD 251-253
3.27 grams
Obv.: IMP. CAE. C. VIB. VOLVSIANO AVG., his radiate, draped and cuirassed bust rt.
Rev.: CONCORDIA AVGG., Concordia seated lt., holding patera and a double cornucopiae with star in the r. field
RIC 168-9, Sear 9743
Purchased on eBay
NGC Ch Au: Strike 5/5: Surface 5/5
Richard M10
volusian.jpg
Volusianus, IVNONI MARTIALI, Juno seated 14 viewsVolusianus, Antoninianus. Obv: IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, radiate draped bust right / Rev: IVNONI MARTIALI, Juno seated left holding corn-ears and globe. RIC 177, RSC 39, Sear RCV III: 97491 commentsPodiceps
Western_Samoa.jpg
Western Samoa32 viewsKm12a - 1 Sene - 1974Daniel Friedman
CommodusRSC190.jpg
[906a]Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D.168 viewsCOMMODUS AR silver denarius. RSC 190. RCV 5644. 16.5mm, 2.3g. F. Obverse: L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, bust of Commodus wearing lion skin in imitation of Hercules and Alexander the Great, facing right; Reverse: HER-CVL RO-MAN AV-GV either side of club of Hercules, all in wreath. RARE. Ex Incitatus.

This coin refers to Commodus' belief that he was Hercules reincarnated. According to the historian Herodian, "he issued orders that he was to be called not Commodus, son of Marcus, but Hercules, son of Jupiter. Abandoning the Roman and imperial mode of dress, he donned the lion-skin, and carried the club of Hercules..." (Joseph Sermarini).

De Imperatoribus Romanis:
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Commodus (A.D. 180-192)

Dennis Quinn

Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus, the son of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius and his wife-cousin Faustina, was born in Lanuvium in 161 AD. Commodus was named Caesar at the age of 5, and co-Augustus at the age of 17, spending most of his early life accompanying his father on his campaigns against the Quadi and the Marcomanni along the Danubian frontier. His father died, possibly of the plague, at a military encampment at Bononia on the Danube on 17 March 180, leaving the Roman Empire to his nineteen-year-old son.[[1]] Upon hearing of his father's death, Commodus made preparations for Marcus' funeral, made concessions to the northern tribes, and made haste to return back to Rome in order to enjoy peace after nearly two decades of war. Commodus, and much of the Roman army behind him, entered the capital on 22 October, 180 in a triumphal procession, receiving a hero's welcome. Indeed, the youthful Commodus must have appeared in the parade as an icon of new, happier days to come; his arrival sparked the highest hopes in the Roman people, who believed he would rule as his father had ruled.[[2]]

The coins issued in his first year all display the triumphant general, a warrior in action who brought the spoils of victory to the citizens of Rome.[[3]] There is a great deal of evidence to support the fact that Commodus was popular among many of the people, at least for a majority of his reign. He seems to have been quite generous.[[4]]. Coin types from around 183 onward often contain the legend, Munificentia Augusta[[5]], indicating that generosity was indeed a part of his imperial program. Coins show nine occasions on which Commodus gave largesses, seven when he was sole emperor.[[6]] According to Dio, the emperor obtained some of this funding by taxing members of the senatorial class.[[7]] This policy of munificence certainly caused tensions between Commodus and the Senate. In 191 it was noted in the official Actus Urbis that the gods had given Commodus to Populus Senatusque Romanus. Normally the phrase Senatus Populusque Romanus was used. [[8]] While the Senate hated Commodus, the army and the lower classes loved him.[[9]] Because of the bad relationship between the Senate and Commodus as well as a senatorial conspiracy,[[10]] Rome "...was virtually governed by the praetorian prefects Perennis (182-185) and Cleander (186-9)."[[11]]

Commodus began to dress like the god Hercules, wearing lion skins and carrying a club.[[12]] Thus he appropriated the Antonines' traditional identification with Hercules, but even more aggressively. Commodus' complete identification with Hercules can be seen as an attempt to solidify his claim as new founder of Rome, which he now called the Colonia Lucia Annia Commodiana. This was legitimized by his direct link to Hercules, son of Father Jupiter.[[13]] He probably took the title of Hercules officially some time before mid-September 192.[[14]]

While the literary sources, especially Dio, Herodian, and the Historia Augusta, all ridicule the antics of his later career, they also give important insight into Commodus' relationship to the people.[[15]] His most important maneuver to solidify his claims as Hercules Romanus was to show himself as the god to the Roman people by taking part in spectacles in the amphitheater. Not only would Commodus fight and defeat the most skilled gladiators, he would also test his talents by encountering the most ferocious of the beasts.[[16]]

Commodus won all of his bouts against the gladiators.[[17]] The slayer of wild beasts, Hercules, was the mythical symbol of Commodus' rule, as protector of the Empire.[[18]]

During his final years he declared that his age should be called the "Golden Age."[[19]] He wanted all to revel in peace and happiness in his age of glory, praise the felicitas Commodi, the glorious libertas, his pietas, providential, his victoria and virtus aeterna.[[20]] Commodus wanted there to be no doubt that this "Golden Age" had been achieved through his munificence as Nobilissimus Princeps. He had declared a brand new day in Rome, founding it anew in 190, declaring himself the new Romulus.[[21]] Rome was now to be called Colonia Lucia Annia Commodiana, as noted above, and deemed "the Immortal," "the Fortunate," "the Universal Colony of the Earth."[[22]] Coins represent the archaic rituals of city-[re]foundation, identifying Commodus as a new founder and his age as new days.[[23]]

Also in 190 he renamed all the months to correspond exactly with his titles. From January, they run as follows: Lucius, Aelius, Aurelius, Commodus, Augustus, Herculeus, Romanus, Exsuperatorius, Amazonius, Invictus, Felix, Pius.[[24]] According to Dio Cassius, the changing of the names of the months was all part of Commodus' megalomania.[[25]] Commodus was the first and last in the Antonine dynasty to change the names of the months.


The legions were renamed Commodianae, the fleet which imported grain from Africa was called Alexandria Commodiana Togata, the Senate was deemed the Commodian Fortunate Senate, his palace and the Roman people were all given the name Commodianus.[[26]] The day that these new names were announced was also given a new title: Dies Commodianus.[[27]] Indeed, the emperor presented himself with growing vigor as the center of Roman life and the fountainhead of religion. New expressions of old religious thought and new cults previously restricted to private worship invade the highest level of imperial power.[[28]]

If Eusebius of Caesarea [[29]] is to be believed, the reign of Commodus inaugurated a period of numerous conversions to Christianity. Commodus did not pursue his father's prohibitions against the Christians, although he did not actually change their legal position. Rather, he relaxed persecutions, after minor efforts early in his reign.[[30]] Tradition credits Commodus's policy to the influence of his concubine Marcia; she was probably his favorite,[[31]] but it is not clear that she was a Christian.[[32]] More likely, Commodus preferred to neglect the sect, so that persecutions would not detract from his claims to be leading the Empire through a "Golden Age."[[33]]

During his reign several attempts were made on Commodus' life.[[34]] After a few botched efforts, an orchestrated plot was carried out early in December 192, apparently including his mistress Marcia. On 31 December an athlete named Narcissus strangled him in his bath,[[35]] and the emperor's memory was cursed. This brought an end to the Antonine Dynasty.


SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY
Alföldy, G. "Der Friedesschluss des Kaisers Commodus mit den Germanen," Historia 20 (1971): 84-109.

Aymard, J. "Commode-Hercule foundateur de Rome," Revue des études latines 14 (1936): 340-64.

Birley, A. R. The African Emperor: Septimius Severus. -- rev. ed.-- London, 1988.
________. Marcus Aurelius: A Biography. London, 1987.

Breckenridge, J. D. "Roman Imperial Portraiture from Augustus to Gallienus," ANRW 2.17. 1 (1981): 477-512.

Chantraine, H. "Zur Religionspolitik des Commodus im Spiegel seiner Münzen," Römische Quartalschrift für christliche Altertumskunde und für Kirchengeschichte 70 (1975): 1-31.

Ferguson, J. The Religions of the Roman Empire. Ithaca, 1970.

Fishwick, D. The Imperial Cult in the Latin West. Leiden, 1987.

Gagé, J. "La mystique imperiale et l'épreuve des jeux. Commode-Hercule et l'anthropologie hercaléenne," ANRW 2.17.2 (1981), 663-83.

Garzetti, A. From Tiberius to the Antonines. A History of the Roman Empire A. D. 14-192. London, 1974.

Grosso F. La lotta politica al tempo di Commodo. Turin, 1964.

Hammond, M. The Antonine Monarchy. Rome, 1956.

Helgeland, J. "Roman Army Religion," ANRW II.16.2 (1978): 1470-1505.

Howe, L. L. The Praetorian Prefect from Commodus to Diocletian (A. D. 180-305). Chicago, 1942.

Keresztes, P. "A Favorable Aspect of Commodus' Rule," in Hommages ŕ Marcel Renard 2. Bruxelles, 1969.

Mattingly, R. The Roman Imperial Coinage. Volume III: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. London, 1930.

Nock, A. D. "The Emperor's Divine Comes," Journal of Roman Studies 37 (1947): 102-116.

Parker, H. M. D. A History of the Roman World from A. D. 138 to 337. London, 1935.
________. and B.H. Warmington. "Commodus." OCD2, col. 276.

Raubitschek, A. E. "Commodus and Athens." Studies in Honor of Theodore Leslie Shear. Hesperia, Supp. 8, 1948.

Rostovtzeff, M. I. "Commodus-Hercules in Britain," Journal of Roman Studies 13 (1923): 91-105.

Sordi, M. "Un senatore cristano dell'éta di Commodo." Epigraphica 17 (1959): 104-112.

Speidel, M. P. "Commodus the God-Emperor and the Army," Journal of Roman Studies 83 (1993): 109-114.

Stanton, G. R. "Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus, and Commodus: 1962-1972." ANRW II.2 (1975): 478-549.

Notes
[[1]] For a discussion of the circumstances surrounding the death of Marcus Aurelius, see A. R. Birley, Marcus Aurelius: A Biography -- rev. ed. -- (London, 1987), 210.
Aurelius Victor, De Caes. 16.4, writing around the year 360, claimed Aurelius died at Vindobona, modern Vienna. However, Tertullian, Apol. 25, who wrote some seventeen years after Marcus' death, fixed his place of death at Sirmium, twenty miles south of Bononia. A. R. Birley (Marcus Aurelius, 209-10) cogently argues Tertullian is much more accurate in his general description of where Marcus was campaigning during his last days.
For the dating of Marcus Aurelius' death and the accession of Commodus, see M. Hammond, The Antonine Monarchy (Rome, 1956), 179-80.

[[2]] For the army's attitude toward peace, the attitude of the city toward the peace, and the reception of the emperor and his forces into Rome, see Herodian, 1.7.1-4; for Commodus' subsequent political policies concerning the northern tribes, see G. Alföldy, "Der Friedesschluss des Kaisers Commodus mit den Germanen," Historia 20 (1971): 84-109.
For a commentary on the early years of Commodus in the public perception as days of optimism, see A. Garzetti, From Tiberius to the Antonines. A History of the Roman Empire A. D. 14-192 (London, 1974), 530. For a more critical, and much more negative portrayal, see the first chapter of F. Grosso, La lotta politica al tempo di Commodo (Turin, 1964).

[[3]]The gods Minerva and Jupiter Victor are invoked on the currency as harbingers of victory; Jupiter Conservator on his coins watches over Commodus and his Empire, and thanks is given to divine Providence (H. Mattingly, The Roman Imperial Coinage. Volume III: Antoninus Pius to Commodus, [London, 1930] 356-7, 366-7). In 181, new coin types appear defining the new reign of Commodus. Victory and peace are stressed. Coins extol Securitas Publica, Felicitas, Libertas, Annona, and Aequitas (ibid., 357).
By 186 Commodus is depicted as the victorious princes, the most noble of all born to the purple. Herodian (1.5.5) describes how Commodus boasted to his soldiers that he was born to be emperor. See also H. Chantraine, "Zur Religionspolitik des Commodus im Spiegel seiner Münzen," Römische Quatralschrift für christliche Altertumskunde und für Kirchengeschichte 70 (1975), 26. He is called Triumphator and Rector Orbis, and associated with the Nobilitas of Trojan descent (Mattingly, RIC III.359; idem, Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum. Volume IV: Antoninus Pius to Commodus, [Oxford, 1940], clxii).

[[4]] Dio tells us that Commodus liked giving gifts and often gave members of the populace 140 denarii apiece (Cass. Dio, 73.16), whereas the Historia Augusta reports that he gave each man 725 denarii (SHA, Comm., 16.3).

[[5]]Mattingly, RIC, III.358.

[[6]] Idem., CBM, IV.clxxiv.

[[7]]Cass. Dio, 73.16.

[[8]]M. P. Speidel, "Commodus the God-Emperor and the Army," Journal of Roman Studies 83 (1993), 113.

[[9]]Mattingly, CBM, IV.xii. Commodus was also popular amongst the northern divisions of the army because he allowed them to wield axes in battle, a practice banned by all preceding emperors. See, Speidel, JRS 83 (1993), 114.

[[10]]Infra, n. 34.

[[11]] H. Parker and B.H. Warmington, OCD2, s.v. "Commodus," col. 276; after 189, he was influenced by his mistress Marcia, Eclectus his chamberlain, and Laetus (who became praetorian prefect in 191 (Idem.).

[[12]]Herodian, 1.14.8. Hadrian appears on medallions in lion skins; but as far as the sources tell us, he never appeared in public in them. See J. Toynbee, Roman Medallions,(New York, 1986), 208.
He would often appear at public festivals and shows dressed in purple robes embroidered with gold. He would wear a crown made of gold, inlaid with the finest gems of India. He often carried a herald's staff as if imitating the god Mercury. According to Dio Cassius, Commodus' lion's skin and club were carried before him in the procession, and at the theaters these vestiges of Hercules were placed on a gilded chair for all to see (Cass. Dio, 73.17). For the implications of the golden chair carried in procession in relation to the imperial cult, see D. Fishwick, The Imperial Cult in the Latin West, (Leiden, 1987-91 ), 555.

[[13]] H. M. D. Parker, A History of the Roman World from A. D. 138 to 337, (London, 1935), 34; For medallions that express the relationship between Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius, and Lucius Verus extolling Hercules as a symbol of civic virtue, see Toynbee, Roman Medallions, 208. For a general statement on the symbolism of Hercules in the Antonine age, see M. Hammond, The Antonine Monarchy, 238.
For a discussion of Commodus' association with Hercules, see
Rostovtzeff, "Commodus-Hercules," 104-6.
Herodian spells out the emperor's metamorphosis in detail (1.14.8).

[[14]]See Speidel, "Commodus the God-Emperor," 114. He argues this general date because a papyrus from Egypt's Fayum records Hercules in Commodus' title on 11 October 192.

[[15]]For a preliminary example, Herodian writes (1.13.8), "people in general responded well to him."

[[16]]As Dio reports, Commodus, with his own hands, gave the finishing stroke to five hippopotami at one time. Commodus also killed two elephants, several rhinoceroses, and a giraffe with the greatest of ease. (Cass. Dio, 73.10), and with his left hand (ibid., 73.19). Herodian maintains that from his specially constructed terrace which encircled the arena (enabling Commodus to avoid risking his life by fighting these animals at close quarters), the emperor also killed deer, roebuck, various horned animals, lions, and leopards, always killing them painlessly with a single blow. He purportedly killed one hundred leopards with one hundred javelins, and he cleanly shot the heads off countless ostriches with crescent-headed arrows. The crowd cheered as these headless birds continued to run around the amphitheater (1.15-4-6; for Commodus' popularity at these brutal spectacles, see Birley, The African Emperor, 86) (and Dio tells his readers that in public Commodus was less brutal than he was in private [73.17ff]).

[[17]] According to Herodian (1.15-17), "In his gladiatorial combats, he defeated his opponents with ease, and he did no more than wound them, since they all submitted to him, but only because they knew he was the emperor, not because he was truly a gladiator."

[[18]]Webber, "The Antonines," CAH, XI.360.

[[19]]Cass. Dio, 73.15.

[[20]] Mattingly, RIC, III.361. For Commodus' propaganda of peace, see W. Webber, "The Antonines," CAH, XI.392.

[[21]] W. Webber, "The Antonines," CAH, XI.392-3. In 189 a coin type was issued with the legend Romulus Conditor, perhaps indicating he began the official renaming process during that year. For a discussion on Commodus as Romulus, see A. D. Nock, "The Emperor's Divine Comes," Journal of Roman Studies 37 (1947), 103.

[[22]] HA, Comm. 7.1; Cass. Dio, 73.15.

[[23]]Mattingly, RIC, III.361. See also, Webber, "The Antonines," CAH, XI.386.

[[24]]The title Felix is first used by the emperor Commodus, and is used in the titles of almost all successive emperors to the fifth century. See, D. Fishwick, The Imperial Cult in the Latin West (Leiden, 1987-91), 473.
HA, Comm., 12.315; Cass. Dio, 73.15; Herodian, I.14.9. These new names for the months seem to have actually been used, at least by the army, as confirmed by Tittianus' Altar. See M. P. Speidel, "Commodus the God-Emperor and the Army," Journal of Roman Studies 83 (1993), 112.

[[25]] Cass. Dio, 73.15.

[[26]]Legions:Idem.; the Grain fleet: SHA, Comm., 12.7. For a further discussion of Commodus' newly named fleet, see, A. Garzetti, From Tiberius to the Antonines, 547. For coins issued extolling the fleet, see Mattingly, CBM, IV.clxix; RIC, III.359; the Senate: Cass. Dio, 73.15; the Imperial Palace: SHA, Comm., 12.7; the Roman People: Ibid., 15.5.

[[27]]Cass. Dio, 73.15.

[[28]]Mattingly, CBM, IV.clxxxiv.

[[29]]Eusebius, Hist.Ecc., 5.21.1.

[[30]]For a discussion of the treatment of Christianity during the reigns of Marcus Aurelius and Commodus as well as persecutions during the reign of Commodus, see Keresztes, "A Favorable Aspect," 374, 376-377.

[[31]]Herodian, 1.16.4; Dio, 73.4. A Medallion from early 192 shows Commodus juxtaposed with the goddess Roma, which some scholars have argued incorporates the features of Marcia. See, Roman Medallions, "Introduction." Commodus was married, however, to a woman named Crispina. He commissioned several coins early in his rule to honor her.

[[32]]The Christian apologist Hippolytus tells that she was a Christian (Philos. 9.2.12), Dio tells that she simply favored the Christians (73.4). Herodian does not take a stand on the matter either way (1.16.4).

[[33]]Cass. Dio, 73.15. He pronounces Commodus' edict that his rule should be henceforth called the "Golden Age."

[[34]]H. Parker and B.H. Warmington note that Commodus..."resorted to government by means of favorites...which was exacerbated by an abortive conspiracy promoted by Lucilla and Ummidius Quadratus (182)." (OCD2, col. 276).

[[35]]Herodian, 1.17.2-11; Dio Cass., 73.22; SHA, Comm.,17.1-2.

Copyright (C) 1998, Dennis Quinn. This file may be copied on the condition that the entire contents, including the header and this copyright notice, remain intact. Used by Permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


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