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Search results - "849"
coin849.JPG
4 viewsecoli
sfc-data-dificil-500-rs-1936-rgte-feijo-2-D_NQ_NP_1897-MLB4769578494_082013-F.jpg
9 viewsMOEDA - 500 Réis - 1938 - Regente Feijó
________________________________________
Série Ilustres
Excelente estado de conservação


ANVERSO
O busto do Regente do Império Diogo António Feijó circundado pela inscrição REGENTE FEIJÓ. Em baixo, monograma do gravador Calmon Barreto.

REVERSO
No centro, uma coluna coríntia encimada pela inscrição circular BRASIL entre dois filetes. À esquerda do campo, o valor 500 e, à direita, a palavra RÉIS em posição horizontal. No exergo, a data e, ao lado direito, a sigla do gravador Walter Toledo.

PADRÃO MONETÁRIO
MIL-RÉIS (de 08/10/1833 a 31/10/1942)

PERÍODO POLÍTICO
República, Era Vargas (1930-1945)

ORIGEM
Casa da Moeda, Rio de Janeiro

CARACTERÍSTICAS
Material: bronze alumínio
Diâmetro: 22,5 mm
Peso: 5,00 g
Espessura: 1,80 mm
Bordo: serrilhado
Titulagem: Cu 910, Al 90
Eixo: reverso medalha (EV)
_____________________
Antonivs Protti
image00849.jpg
25 viewsSpongeBob
26815281_520559584993558_6672973497560962110_n.jpg
9 viewsAntonivs Protti
27067246_520596084989908_1014091116754385458_n.jpg
8 viewsAntonivs Protti
charles2-obole-bourges-aq.jpg
D.197 Charles II the Bald (obol, class 1a, Bourges, Aquitaine)20 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Obol (Bourges, Aquitaine, class 1a, 848-849 ?)

Silver, 0.80 g, 17 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX ; cross pattée
R/ AQUI / • / TANIA

The obols of Charles the Bald with AQUITANIA on the reverse are thought to have been minted in Bourges due to hoard studies. For instance, Chaumoux-Marcilly (small village near Bourges) hoard was found in 1930. It had in it 40 coins of Charles the Bald: 20 from Bourges, 17 obols with AQVITANIA, 2 from Melle and one from Orléans. This hoard is consequently supposed to be made of local coins, and AQVITANIA obols of Charles the Bald are supposed to have been minted in Bourges.

1 commentsDroger
Aigina_turtle.jpg
002a, Aigina, Islands off Attica, Greece, c. 510 - 490 B.C.88 viewsSilver stater, S 1849, SNG Cop 503, F, 12.231g, 22.3mm, Aigina (Aegina) mint, c. 510 - 490 B.C.; Obverse: sea turtle (with row of dots down the middle); Reverse: incuse square of “Union Jack” pattern; banker's mark obverse. Ex FORVM.


Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson

Turtles, the archaic currency of Aegina, are among the most sought after of all ancient coins. Their early history is somewhat of a mystery. At one time historians debated whether they or the issuances of Lydia were the world's earliest coins. The source of this idea comes indirectly from the writings of Heracleides of Pontus, a fourth century BC Greek scholar. In the treatise Etymologicum, Orion quotes Heracleides as claiming that King Pheidon of Argos, who died no later than 650 BC, was the first to strike coins at Aegina. However, archeological investigations date the earliest turtles to about 550 BC, and historians now believe that this is when the first of these intriguing coins were stamped.

Aegina is a small, mountainous island in the Saronikon Gulf, about midway between Attica and the Peloponnese. In the sixth century BC it was perhaps the foremost of the Greek maritime powers, with trade routes throughout the eastern half of the Mediterranean. It is through contacts with Greeks in Asia Minor that the idea of coinage was probably introduced to Aegina. Either the Lydians or Greeks along the coast of present day Turkey were most likely the first to produce coins, back in the late seventh century. These consisted of lumps of a metal called electrum (a mixture of gold and silver) stamped with an official impression to guarantee the coin was of a certain weight. Aegina picked up on this idea and improved upon it by stamping coins of (relatively) pure silver instead electrum, which contained varying proportions of gold and silver. The image stamped on the coin of the mighty sea power was that of a sea turtle, an animal that was plentiful in the Aegean Sea. While rival cities of Athens and Corinth would soon begin limited manufacture of coins, it is the turtle that became the dominant currency of southern Greece. The reason for this is the shear number of coins produced, estimated to be ten thousand yearly for nearly seventy years. The source for the metal came from the rich silver mines of Siphnos, an island in the Aegean. Although Aegina was a formidable trading nation, the coins seemed to have meant for local use, as few have been found outside the Cyclades and Crete. So powerful was their lure, however, that an old proverb states, "Courage and wisdom are overcome by Turtles."

The Aeginean turtle bore a close likeness to that of its live counterpart, with a series of dots running down the center of its shell. The reverse of the coin bore the imprint of the punch used to force the face of the coin into the obverse turtle die. Originally this consisted of an eight-pronged punch that produced a pattern of eight triangles. Later, other variations on this were tried. In 480 BC, the coin received its first major redesign. Two extra pellets were added to the shell near the head of the turtle, a design not seen in nature. Also, the reverse punch mark was given a lopsided design.

Although turtles were produced in great quantities from 550 - 480 BC, after this time production dramatically declines. This may be due to the exhaustion of the silver mines on Siphnos, or it may be related to another historical event. In 480 BC, Aegina's archrival Athens defeated Xerxes and his Persian armies at Marathon. After this, it was Athens that became the predominant power in the region. Aegina and Athens fought a series of wars until 457 BC, when Aegina was conquered by its foe and stripped of its maritime rights. At this time the coin of Aegina changed its image from that of the sea turtle to that of the land tortoise, symbolizing its change in fortunes.

The Turtle was an object of desire in ancient times and has become so once again. It was the first coin produced in Europe, and was produced in such great quantities that thousands of Turtles still exist today. Their historical importance and ready availability make them one of the most desirable items in any ancient coin enthusiast's collection.

(Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson .
1 commentsCleisthenes
849438267_o.jpg
04 - Hadrian AR Denarius- " VICTORIA AUG "11 viewsAncient Rome.
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD) AR Denarius.

obv: HADRIANUS AUG COS III PP - Laureate head right.

rev: VICTORIA AUG - Victory advancing right, holding branch.

Weight: 3.5 grams.
rexesq
90Hadrian__RIC725.jpg
0725 Hadrian AS Roma 132-34 AD Indulgentia25 viewsReference.
RIC 725; C. 849; BMC S. 462; Strack 817

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right

Rev. INDVLGENTIA – AVG COS III P P in ex
Indulgentia seated l., extending r. hand and holding sceptre.

10.78 gr
27 mm
6h

Note.
Indulgentia. Clemency, lenity, grace, favour. -This word is used on Roman coins to denote either some permission given, some privilege bestowed, or some tribute remitted. -In inscriptions of a very early date, princes are called indulgentissimi.
(FORVM)
okidoki
RI_125ab_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian, Antoninianus- RIC 06312 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed  bust right
Rev:– ORIENS AVG, Sol standing left, raising right hand, holding globe in left hand and palm, resting right foot on bound captive in front, with another bound captive seated behind.
Minted in Rome, (_ | VI //XXI*).
Reference:– Paris-144, LV 849-856. RIC 63.
maridvnvm
St.Helena.jpg
1401a, St. Helena, Augusta 8 November 324 - 328 to 330 A.D., mother of Constantine the Great97 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 148, VF, Alexandria mint, 3.243g, 19.4mm, 165o, 327 - 328 A.D. Obverse: FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and mantled bust right wearing double necklace; Reverse: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE, Securitas holding branch downward in right and lifting fold of robe in left, wreath left, I right, SMAL in exergue; rare.

The mother of Constantine the Great, born about the middle of the third century, possibly in Drepanum (later known as Helenopolis) on the Nicomedian Gulf; died about 330. She was of humble parentage; St. Ambrose, in his "Oratio de obitu Theodosii", referred to her as a stabularia, or inn-keeper. Nevertheless, she became the lawful wife of Constantius Chlorus. Her first and only son, Constantine, was born in Naissus in Upper Moesia, in the year 274. The statement made by English chroniclers of the Middle Ages, according to which Helena was supposed to have been the daughter of a British prince, is entirely without historical foundation. It may arise from the misinterpretation of a term used in the fourth chapter of the panegyric on Constantine's marriage with Fausta, that Constantine, oriendo (i. e., "by his beginnings," "from the outset") had honoured Britain, which was taken as an allusion to his birth, whereas the reference was really to the beginning of his reign.

On the death of Constantius Chlorus, in 308, Constantine, who succeeded him, summoned his mother to the imperial court, conferred on her the title of Augusta, ordered that all honour should be paid her as the mother of the sovereign, and had coins struck bearing her effigy. Her son's influence caused her to embrace Christianity after his victory over Maxentius. This is directly attested by Eusebius (Vita Constantini, III, xlvii): "She (his mother) became under his (Constantine's) influence such a devout servant of God, that one might believe her to have been from her very childhood a disciple of the Redeemer of mankind". It is also clear from the declaration of the contemporary historian of the Church that Helena, from the time of her conversion had an earnestly Christian life and by her influence and liberality favoured the wider spread of Christianity. Tradition links her name with the building of Christian churches in the cities of the West, where the imperial court resided, notably at Rome and Trier, and there is no reason for rejecting this tradition, for we know positively through Eusebius that Helena erected churches on the hallowed spots of Palestine. Despite her advanced age she undertook a journey to Palestine when Constantine, through his victory over Licinius, had become sole master of the Roman Empire, subsequently, therefore, to the year 324. It was in Palestine, as we learn from Eusebius (loc. cit., xlii), that she had resolved to bring to God, the King of kings, the homage and tribute of her devotion. She lavished on that land her bounties and good deeds, she "explored it with remarkable discernment", and "visited it with the care and solicitude of the emperor himself". Then, when she "had shown due veneration to the footsteps of the Saviour", she had two churches erected for the worship of God: one was raised in Bethlehem near the Grotto of the Nativity, the other on the Mount of the Ascension, near Jerusalem. She also embellished the sacred grotto with rich ornaments. This sojourn in Jerusalem proved the starting-point of the legend first recorded by Rufinus as to the discovery of the Cross of Christ.

Constantine I, in 327, improved Drepanum, his mother's native town, and decreed that it should be called Helenopolis, it is probable that the latter returned from Palestine to her son who was then residing in the Orient. Constantine was with her when she died, at the advanced age of eighty years or thereabouts (Eusebius, "Vita Const.", III, xlvi). This must have been about the year 330, for the last coins which are known to have been stamped with her name bore this date. Her body was brought to Constantinople and laid to rest in the imperial vault of the church of the Apostles. It is presumed that her remains were transferred in 849 to the Abbey of Hautvillers, in the French Archdiocese of Reims, as recorded by the monk Altmann in his "Translatio". She was revered as a saint, and the veneration spread, early in the ninth century, even to Western countries. Her feast falls on 18 August.

(See The Catholic Encyclopedia: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07202b.htm)

Cleisthenes
00-1000-1850.jpg
1850 1000 reis10 views KM# 459
Features
Country Brazil
Years 1849-1852
Value 1000 Réis (1000)
Metal Silver (.917)
Weight 12.75 g
xokleng
00-1000-1852.jpg
1852 1000 reis6 views KM# 459
Features
Country Brazil
Years 1849-1852
Value 1000 Réis (1000)
Metal Silver (.917)
Weight 12.75 g
xokleng
Aemilian-RIC-12.jpg
32. Aemilian.12 viewsAntoninianus, April - July 253 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP AEMILIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Radiate bust of Aemilian.
Reverse: VIRTVS AVG / Virtus standing, right foot on helmet, holding branch and spear.
4.01 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #12; Sear #9849.
Callimachus
849_P_Hadrian_Emmett906_9.jpg
5477 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 124-25 AD Ammon standing10 viewsReference
RPC III, 5477; Emmett 906.9; Köln 873; DS 7497

Issue ƐΤ ƐΝΑΤ = year 9

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ - ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., seen from rear

Rev. ƐΤ ƐΝΑΤ
Ammon standing facing, head l., holding patera and sceptre; to l., ram

12.70 gr
25 mm
12h
okidoki
1240_P_Hadrian_RPC5849_4.jpg
5849 EGYPT, Alexandria Hadrian Hemidrachm 132-33 AD Zeus Ammon standing15 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5849.4; Dattari-Savio Pl. 93, 7820 (this coin); Emmett 1110.17

Issue L IZ = year 17

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝ - ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., seen from rear

Rev. L ΙΖ
Ammon standing facing, head l., holding atef crown and sceptre; to l., ram

12.64 gr
29 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
RIC_232_Doble_Antoniniano_Aureliano.jpg
96-17 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)9 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 x 18 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado, acoraz. y vestido con paludamentum, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[PA]X AVGVST[I]" – Emperador laureado y con toga de pié a derecha, le da su mano a Concordia/Severina vestida de pié a izquierda. "*" en campo izquierdo y "T" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión Otoño 271 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off. 3ra.) - Sisak Croacia.

Referencias: RIC Va #232 (C) P.290, Sear RCTV III #11581 P.426, Sear RCTV '88 #3265, Cohen Vol.VI #169 P.193, Göbl#190 c4, CBN #849, MIR #216/7, Hunter p.cxiii, La Venera 6359/62, BNC Paris #754
mdelvalle
Centenional Delmacio RIC VII Cyzicus 145.jpg
A126-05 - Delmacio Cesar (335 - 337 D.C.)51 viewsAE4 Centenional reducido 15 mm 1.4 gr.
Sobrino de Constantino I.

Anv: "FL IVL DELMATIVS NOB C" - Busto laureado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GLOR · IA EXERC-ITVS" - Dos Soldados de pié enfrentados, sosteniendo un escudo y una lanza vertical invertida cada uno. Entre ellos UN estandarte. "SMKB" en exergo.

Acuñada 336/7 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzico (Off.2da.)
Rareza: R4

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Cyzicus) #145 Pag.660 - Cohen Vol.VII #8 Pag.362 - DVM #5 Pag.294 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8496.k. Pag.195 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3931 var.
mdelvalle
Centenional Hanibaliano RIC VII Constantinople 148.jpg
A127-05 - Hanibaliano Rey de Armenia, el Ponto y Capadocia (335 - 337 D.C.) 55 viewsAE4 Centenional reducido 16 mm 1.6 gr.
Sobrino de Constantino I.

Anv: "FL HANNIBALLIANO REGI" - Busto a cabeza desnuda, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SEC-VRITAS PVBLICA" - El Dios del río Eufrates recostado en el suelo a derecha, sosteniendo un cetro con ambas manos a su derecha. A su derecha un ánfora volcada de la que fluye agua y detrás cañas. "CONSS" en exergo.

Acuñada 336/7 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla (Off.3ra.)
Rareza: R5

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Constantinople) #148 Pag.590 - Cohen Vol.VII #68 Pag.345 - DVM #2 Pag.294 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8498 Pag.196 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3935 - LRBC #1034
mdelvalle
Centenional Constante RIC VII Siscia 255A.jpg
A129-10 - Constante Como Cesar de Constantino I (333 - 337 D.C.)47 viewsAE3/4 Centenional 16 mm 1.6 gr.

Anv: "FL CONSTANTIS BEA C" - Busto laureado, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS" - Dos Soldados de pié enfrentados, sosteniendo un escudo y una lanza vertical invertida cada uno. Entre ellos UN estandarte militar. "ASIS" en exergo.

Acuñada 335/6 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: R4

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Siscia) #255 Pag.458 - Cohen Vol.VII #48 Pag.412 - DVM #48 Pag.297 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8490.e. Pag.194
mdelvalle
Centenional Constante RIC VII Siscia 264A.jpg
A129-12 - Constante Como Cesar de Constantino I (333 - 337 D.C.)36 viewsAE3/4 Centenional 16 mm 1.7 gr.

Anv: "FL CONSTANTIS BEA C" - Busto laureado, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS" - Dos Soldados de pié enfrentados, sosteniendo un escudo y una lanza vertical invertida cada uno. Entre ellos UN estandarte militar. "ASIS *" en exergo.

Acuñada 337 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: R4

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Siscia) #264 Pag.460 - Cohen Vol.VII #48 Pag.412 - DVM #48 Pag.297 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8490.e. Pag.194
mdelvalle
Centenional Constante RIC VII Heraclea 154E.jpg
A129-15 - Constante Como Cesar de Constantino I (333 - 337 D.C.)41 viewsAE3/4 Centenional 17 x 15 mm 2.0 gr.

Anv: "FL I CONSTANS NOB CAES" - Busto laureado, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS" - Dos Soldados de pié enfrentados, sosteniendo un escudo y una lanza vertical invertida cada uno. Entre ellos UN estandarte militar. "SMH&Epsilon" en exergo.

Acuñada 336/7 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off.5ta.)
Rareza: R4

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Heraclea) #154 Pag.561 - Cohen Vol.VII #48 Pag.412 - DVM #48 var Pag.297 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8490.g. Pag.194
mdelvalle
s_849a.jpg
AE follis Heraclius, SB 84930 viewsObv: No legand. Heralius , H. Constantine and Empress MArtina all stg. facing wearing crown and chlamys, holding gl. cr. in rt hand.
Reverse: Large M between ANNO and regnal yr XUII officina below M gamma, KVIIP in exergue
Mint: Cyprus?
Date 626/7 CE
17/27mm 4.51gm
Sear 849 DO 184-5
wileyc
s_849.jpg
AE follis Heraclius, SB 84925 viewsOverstruck on unk coin
Obv: No legand. Heralius , H. Constantine and Empress MArtina all stg. facing wearing crown and chlamys, holding gl. cr. in rt hand.
Reverse: Lg M ANNO to l., unk regnal yr to rt
Mint: Cyprus?
Date:627-30 CE
16/26mm 4.37gm
Sear 849 DO 184-5
wileyc
Afghanistan.jpg
Afghanistan526 viewsKM849 - Paisa - AH1329-1334 (1914-1917)Daniel F
AAESb_small.png
Alexander III 'the Great' Æ1930 viewsKINGS OF MACEDON. Alexander III 'the Great' (336-323).

Macedonian mint. 336-323 BC.

19mm., 3.99g.

Macedonian shield with head of Herakles ornamenting boss facing three-quarters right in centre, five double crescent-like ornaments around

B - A (BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY) flanking. Macedonian officer's helmet facing with ear flaps and crest from side to side; grain-ear

References: SNG Alpha Bank 849 (?); Price 2806 (?)

AAES
RL
judaean-alexander-jannaeus-prutah.jpg
Alexander Jannaeus, Hasmonean AE Prutah24 viewsAncient Greek, Alexander Jannaeus, Hasmonean AE Prutah, (103-76 BC), 2.6g, 15.59mm

Obverse: "Yehonatan the High Priest & the Council of the Jews", Five lines of Hebrew text within wreath.

𐤉𐤄‬𐤅
𐤍𐤕𐤍𐤄‬𐤊‬
𐤄‬𐤍𐤄‬𐤂𐤃‬𐤋
𐤉𐤇‬𐤁‬𐤓𐤄‬
𐤅𐤄‬𐤃‬𐤃‬𐤌

Reverse: Two joined cornucopias, ribbons on each side, pomegranate between, all within dotted circle border.

Reference: Hendin 1145 (473)
Gil-galad
alexander-jannaeus-prutah-red-1.jpg
Alexander Jannaeus, Hasmonean AE Prutah, (103-76 BC)12 viewsAncient Greek, Alexander Jannaeus, Hasmonean AE Prutah, (103-76 BC)

Obverse: "Yehonatan the High Priest of the Jews", Three lines of Paleo-Hebrew text within wreath.

𐤉𐤄‬𐤅
𐤇‬𐤍𐤍𐤄‬𐤊‬
𐤍𐤋𐤉𐤇‬𐤍

Reverse: Two joined cornucopias, ribbons on each side, pomegranate between, all within dotted circle border. Three unknown characters right.

Reference: Hendin 1139 var

Ex: Holyland Ancient Coins Corporation - Musa Ali
Gil-galad
alexander-prutah-2017-2.jpg
Alexander Jannaeus, Hasmonean AE Prutah, (103-76 BC)7 viewsAncient Greek, Alexander Jannaeus, Hasmonean AE Prutah, (103-76 BC)

Obverse: "Yehonatan the High Priest & the Council of the Jews", Five lines of Hebrew text within wreath, top line off flan.

YHW
NTNHK
HNHGDLW
HBRHY
HDDM

𐤉𐤄‬𐤅
𐤍𐤕𐤍𐤄‬𐤊‬
𐤄‬𐤍𐤄‬𐤂𐤃‬𐤋
𐤉𐤇‬𐤁‬𐤓𐤄‬
𐤅𐤄‬𐤃‬𐤃‬𐤌

Reverse: Two joined cornucopias, ribbons on each side, pomegranate between, all within dotted circle border.

Reference: Hendin 1145 (473)

Ex: Tom Mullally
Gil-galad
alexander-prutah-2017-1.jpg
Alexander Jannaeus, Hasmonean AE Prutah, 103-76 BC19 viewsAncient Greek, Alexander Jannaeus, Hasmonean AE Prutah, (103-76 BC)

Obverse: "Yehonatan the High Priest & the Council of the Jews", Five lines of Hebrew text within wreath, top line off flan.

YHW
NTNHK
HNHGDLW
HBRHY
HDDM

𐤉𐤄‬𐤅
𐤍𐤕𐤍𐤄‬𐤊‬
𐤄‬𐤍𐤄‬𐤂𐤃‬𐤋
𐤉𐤇‬𐤁‬𐤓𐤄‬
𐤅𐤄‬𐤃‬𐤃‬𐤌

Reverse: Two joined cornucopias, ribbons on each side, pomegranate between, all within dotted circle border.

Reference: Hendin 1145 (473)

Ex: Tom Mullally
Gil-galad
Macedonian_Kingdom_1d_img.jpg
Alexander the Great, silver tetradrachm, Phaselis 60 viewsObv:– Head of (Alexander the Great as) Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress knotted at base of neck
Rev:– ALEXANDPOY, Zeus seated left, holding eagle in right hand and scepter in left, IA/F in left field
Minted in Phaselis mint. Civic issue, dated CY 11 (208/7 BC).
Reference:– Price 2849.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
ZomboDroid_24042019084916.jpg
Antioch ad Orontem, Syria, Semi-autonomous, AE19. 65-66 AD28 viewsObv. Turreted head of Tyche right.
Rev. Lighted garlanded altar, date ET HP
19mm , 5.64Grams.
BMC 76. 
1 commentsCanaan
clown_3_illisible.jpg
Antoninianus Gordian III Imitation "Barbarous" VIRTVS AVG ????28 viewsIMP CAES MANT GORDIANVS AVG
????? maybe VIRTVS or VICTORIA

Weight : 2,90 gr

Fourree

A very unusual style. The portrait is very strange and typical.
The style is touching and a bit clumsy.

I think it's the same celator as for this other imitations (from my collection ) :
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-58496
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-58496
Chut
Anto_FIDES_MILITVMs_FAC.jpg
Antoninianus Gordian III Imitation FIDES MILITVM41 viewsIMP CAES MANT GORDIANVS
FIDES MILITVM

RIC : No number, but the prototype is RIC 1

Coin : fourree

Weight : 3,46gr

A very unusual style. The portrait is very strange and typical. The reverse is also strange : FIDES looks like a man with a crown.

I think it's the same celator as for this other imitations (also from my collection ) :
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-58496
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-58585
1 commentsChut
anto_clown_virtus_FAC.jpg
Antoninianus Gordian III Imitation VIRTVS AVG41 viewsIMP CAES MANT GORDIANVS AVG
VIRTVS AVG

This coin was fourree.
Weight : 3,57 gr

RIC: No number but the Prototype is RIC 6

A very unusual style. The portrait is very strange and typical.
The style is touching and a bit clumsy.

I think it's the same celator as for this other imitations (from my collection ) :
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-58496
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-58585
Chut
ANTOSEg8-2.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 530b var., sestertius of AD 139.46 viewsÆ Sestertius (24,97g, Ø 32mm, 5h). Rome, AD 139.
Obv.: IMP T AEL CAES HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right.
Rev.: P M TR POT COS II around, S | C, Fides standing facing, head right, holding grain ears and basket of fruit.
RIC 530b var. (obv. legend without P P) ; BMC 1135 var. (same); Cohen 849 var. (same); Strack 756 var. (same); Banti 306 var. (same)
Ex CNG EAuction 355, lot 535, July 2015.
This is an extremely rare variant with the title P P added to the long obv. legend used in 138 to early 139, before the title Pater Patriae was awarded. The first sestertius with this obv. legend appeared in the Garonne Hoard of 1965 and 1970, published in 1984, no. 3569, pl. LVIII. Additional sestertii were collected by Curtis Clay in 1996 and 2012. This specimen is the fourth known. Until now, all these sestertii have the Fides standing reverse type.
2 commentsCharles S
antose63~0.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 623, Sestertius of AD 141-144 (Temple of Venus and Roma)45 viewsÆ sestertius (25.11, 6h) Rome mint. Struck AD 141-144.
ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right
ROMAE AETERNAE (around) S C (in field below) ornamented dekastyle temple with the statue of Roma inside; tympanum adorned with high relief statues; quadriga (suggested) at top and statues at each side.
RIC 623 (scarce); Cohen 703 (12 Fr.); BMCRE 1279; Strack 849; Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali III) 336 (4 spec.); Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 125:24a
ex CNG EAuction 52 (2002)

The temple of Roma was designed by Hadrian (himself) in AD 121 and completed by Antoninus Pius in 141. It stood facing the forum, and was built back to back with the temple of Venus, which faced the Flavian Amphitheater. The two temples in one building were referred to as the Temple of Venus and Roma ("Templum Veneris et Romae"). Hadrian had to have the colossal statue of Nero removed in order to make room for the temples, which were built on the site of the vestibule of Nero's golden house. (He had Nero's statue placed near the entrance to the Ampitheater, and this provided the nickname, "Colloseum".) Their ruins prove both temples consisted of ten colums, and the coins suggest many decorative details.
Charles S
AntoSe63-2.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 623, Sestertius of AD 141-144 (Temple of Venus and Roma)35 viewsÆ sestertius (25.11g, 31.5mm 6h) Rome mint. Struck AD 141-144.
ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right
ROMAE AETERNAE (around) S C (ex.) ornamented dekastyle temple with the statue of Roma inside; tympanum adorned with high relief statues; quadriga (suggested) at top and statues at each side.
RIC 623 (scarce); Cohen 703 (12 Fr.); BMCRE 1279; Strack 849; Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 336 (4 spec.); Sear(Roman Coins and their Values II) 4212 var. (rev. no figure of Roma); Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 125:24a
ex CNG EAuction 52 (2002)

The temple of Roma was designed by Hadrian (himself) in AD 121 and completed by Antoninus Pius in 141. It stood facing the forum, and was built back to back with the temple of Venus, which faced the Flavian Amphitheater. The building with the two temples was referred to as the Temple of Venus and Roma ("Templum Veneris et Romae"). Hadrian had to have the colossal statue of Nero (Colossus) removed in order to make room for the temples, which were built on the site of the vestibule of Nero's golden house. (He had the Colossus placed near the entrance to the amphitheater, and this provided the nickname, "Colosseum".) The ruins show that both temples consisted of ten colums, and the coins suggest many decorative details.
1 commentsCharles S
IMGP3849Art2combo.jpg
Artabanos II., 10 - 38 AD14 viewsAR dr., 3,84gr, 18,98mm; Sellwood 61.9, Shore 338, Sunrise -;
mint: Rhagai; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/4-strand diadem, 2 loops and 3 ribbons; long, almost straight hair, mustache, long tapered beard cut off at the end; 3-turn necklace;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in vise-like outstretched hand; below bow monogram; 7-line legend: BΛCIL(EΩC) BΛCIΛEΩ(N) (ΛP)CΛKO(Y) EYEYΓIIT(OY) ΔIKIΛIOI EΠIΦΛKOYC (ΦI)ΛEΛΛHNO(C).

ex: Baldwin’s Auction 90, #1242 (ex: The David Sellwood Collection)
Schatz
Balbinus-sestertius.jpg
Balbinus (238 AD) AE Sestertius20 viewsRoman Imperial, Balbinus (238 AD) AE Sestertius

Obverse: IMP CAES D CAE L BALBINVS AVG, Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, Providentia standing left with cornucopia & wand pointed at globe at feet.

Reference: RIC 19, Cohen 24, SRCV 8499
Gil-galad
0280-215np_noir.jpg
Balbinus, Denarius - *122 viewsRome mint, AD 238
IMP C D CAEL BALBINVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Balbinus right
PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, Providentia standing left, holding rod and cornucopiae, globe at feet
2.7 gr
Ref : RIC # 7, RCV # 8490
5 commentsPotator II
Heraclius_M_cypress_BCC_B9.jpg
BCC B930 viewsByzantine Period
Heraclius 610-641CE
AE 40 Nummia, Cyprus Mint.
Obv:Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine,
and Empress Martina, each with Globus Cruciger.
Rev:Large M, ANNO to left, [P on h monogram]
above, Year XUIII (18) to right, officina Γ (3)
below, mintmark ΚΥΠΡ in Greek.
20mm. 5.46gm. Axis:210
Regnal Year 18 (627-628CE)
Striking black Caesarea patina.
SB 849
v-drome
1849__Naville_Numismatics_Live_Auction_52_(54)_9-22-19_#2.jpg
bmc390_33 viewsElagabalus
Tyre, Phoenicia

Obv: IMP CAES MAV AN-TONINVS AVG, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear.
Rev: SEPT IM T VRO →[C]OLO, Astarte wearing turreted crown and short chiton and himation, standing front left foot on prow, right hand on trophy and holding in left arm transverse scepter and is being crowned by Nike standing on column on right. Marayas on left and murex shell on right.
29 mm, 17.09 gms

BMC 390; Rouvier 2358; Naville Numismatics, Auction 52, lot 243 (this coin)
Charles M
Vandal_ab.jpg
Bronze nummus - Vandal kingdom153 viewsVandal kingdom. Æ nummus (10 mm, 0.45 g). Obverse: Diademed and draped bust right. Reverse: Eagle or zoomorphic deity within wreath. Wroth 3:18.

Very rare. A similar coin in British Museum (Wroth 3:18) was purchased from Mr. J. Doubleday in 1849 and was believed to originate from Northern Africa. Probably struck in the Vandal kingdom during the time period from c. 450 to 530. One possibility is that the coin imitates Ostrogothic 10 nummi coins with an uppright eagle minted in Rome for Theoderic the great. The vandal king Thrasamund was married to Amalfrida, the sister of Theoderic, from 500 to 523 AD. The coin may perhaps have been struck during this time period. Another possibility is that the reverse shows the Egyptian god Anubis. Comments and alternative interpretations are welcome.

Ex Poncin collection; CNG 134, lot 455, 2006; Beast Coins Auction I, lot 205, 2009
3 commentsjbc
Vibo.jpg
Bruttium Vibo Valentia Semis79 views Bronze semis

head of Juno (Hera) right, wearing stephane, S (mark of value) behind

VALENTIA
Double cornucopia overflowing with grain and grapes, carnyx (control symbol) and S (mark of value) on right


Vibo Valentia mint, 193 - 150 B.C.

3.57g, 18.1 mm 270o

Mensitieri Valentia 211; HN Italy 2263; SNG ANS 483, SNG Cop 1849; BMC Italy p. 361, 16 (control described as staff ending in boar's head)

Ex-Forum from the Andrew McCabe Collection
6 commentsJay GT4
Sear-2370.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Æ Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2370; DOC 849)16 viewsObv: Nimbate half-length figure of St. Demetrius facing, holding sword; retrograde B to left
Rev: Winged and crowned facing half-length figure of Andronicus, holding model of city and labarum
SpongeBob
Sear-2370(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Æ Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2370; DOC 849-51; LPC p. 210, 11)10 viewsObv: Half-length facing bust of St. Demetrius, holding spear; large retrograde B to left
Rev: Half-length figure of Andronicus standing facing, holding model of city and cross-tipped scepter


ex Prue Morgan Fitts Collection; ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 355, 15 July 2015, Lot 757
Quant.Geek
Sear-2370(2).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Æ Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2370; DOC 849-51; LPC p. 210, 11; PCPC 255)14 views Obv: Half-length facing bust of St. Demetrius, holding spear; large retrograde B to left
Rev: Half-length figure of Andronicus standing facing, holding model of city and cross-tipped scepter
Quant.Geek
Sear-2370(3).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328) Æ Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear-2370; DOC 849-51; LPC p. 210, 11; PCPC 255)8 viewsObv: Half-length facing bust of St. Demetrius, holding spear; large retrograde B to left
Rev: Half-length figure of Andronicus standing facing, holding model of city and cross-tipped scepter
Quant.Geek
Sear-849.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Heraclus (610-641) Æ follis, Isaura, RY18 (Sear 849)13 viewsObv: Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Empress Martina standing facing, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger
Rev: Large M between A/N/N/O and X/ЧI/II; above, cross, beneath, Γ; in exergue KVΠP
Quant.Geek
Vlasto_297.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. c. 400-390 BC. AR Nomos24 views21mm, 7.67g, 6h
Warrior, wearing helmet, holding shield and lance, dismounting from horse cantering l. R/ Phalanthos, holding helmet and large oval shield, on dolphin l.; Σ below. Vlasto 297; HNItaly 849. VF
1 commentsLeo
Comb02032017090849.jpg
Carinus Antoninianus, Tripolis26 viewsObv. IMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. VIRTVS AVGG / TR, emperor standing left, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter standing right, holding sceptre; star above.Ex. XXI.
References: RIC V, 2, 209.
21mm, 3.09grams
1 commentsCanaan
Claudius_Sest.jpg
Claudius Sestertius39 viewsTI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP
Laur head of Claudius right

EX SC
OB
CIVES
SERVATOS
in four lines within oak-wreath

Rome 41-2 BC
Sear 1849

SOLD
Titus Pullo
clause03-2~0.jpg
Claudius, RIC 96, Sestertius of AD 41-50 37 viewsÆ sestertius (26.7g, Ø34mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 41-50.
Obv.: TI·CLAVDIVS CAESAR·AVG·PM TR P IMP , laureate head of Claudius facing right.
Rev.: EX SC / OB / CIVES / SERVATOS in four lines within an oak wreath.
RIC 96; BMC 115; Cohen 39; Sear 2000 (RCV) 1849; Foss (RHC) 63:3

This coin was first struck in the year of Claudius' accession, 41 AD. "OB CIVIS SERVATOS" means "For saving all the citizens". Claudius had revoked the law of maiestas, which had allowed emperors like Tiberius to destroy opponents by accusing them of treason. Claudius also recalled exiles, reduced taxes, and awarded the Praetorian Guard the largest monetary gift (Donativum) ever given by an emperor. Therefore, he was considered worthy of the civic wreath (corona civica) and clupeus virtutis.
1 commentsCharles S
clause03-2.jpg
Claudius, sestertius of AD 41-5020 viewsÆ sestertius (26.7g, Ø34mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 41-50.
Obv.: TI·CLAVDIVS CAESAR·AVG·PM TR P IMP, laureate head of Claudius facing right.
Rev.: EX SC / OB / CIVES / SERVATOS within an oak wreath.
RIC 96 (C); BMC 115; Cohen 39; Sear (RCV 2K) 1849; Foss (RHC) 63:3

This type was first struck in the year of Claudius' accession, 41 AD. As Claudius had revoked the maiestas law (allowing emperors to destroy opponents accusing them of treason), reduced taxes, and awarded the Praetorian Guard with a large Donativum, the Senate awarded him the corona civica and clupeus virtutis.
Charles S
5800_5801.jpg
Constantine I, Follis, SOLI INVICTO COMITI3 viewsAE Follis
Constantine I
Caesar: 306 - 307AD
Augustus: 307 - 337AD
Issued: 315 - 316AD
17.0mm
O: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG; Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: SOLI INVICTO COMITI; Sol, standing left, raising hand and holding globe.
Exergue: C, left field; S, right field; RP, below line.
Rome Mint
Aorta: 2913: B78, O59, R186, T204, M13.
RIC VII 40, P.(?)
mar.salomea 151907828849
12/13/15 1/30/17
Nicholas Z
Denmark.jpg
Denmark67 viewskm839.2 - 1 Ore (zinc) - 1967
Km840.2 - 2 Ore (zinc) - 1971
km849.1 - 10 Ore - 1963
Km815.2 - 25 Ore - 1919
Km851.1 - 1 Krone - 1971
Daniel Friedman
133~0.JPG
Deuxième république - Cérès - 1 franc - 1849 Bordeaux.8 viewsArgent, 23 mm, 4,94 g.
A/ REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE, tête de la République à gauche.
R/ LIBERTE EGALITE FRATERNITE, 1 FRANC 1849 dans une couronne de feuillages.
Réfs : F.-211.3 (19.296 ex.)
Gabalor
144.JPG
Deuxième république - Cérès - 1 franc - 1849 Paris.3 viewsArgent, 23 mm, 4,91 g.
A/ REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE, tête de la République à gauche.
R/ LIBERTE EGALITE FRATERNITE, 1 FRANC 1849 dans une couronne de feuillages.
Réfs : F.-211.1 (1.328.135 ex.)
Gabalor
096~2.JPG
Deuxième république - Cérès - 5 francs - 1849 Strasbourg.6 viewsArgent, 36 mm, 24,89 g.
A/ REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE, tête de la République à gauche.
R/ LIBERTE EGALITE FRATERNITE, 5 FRANCS 1849 dans une couronne de feuillages.
Réfs : F.-327.3 (915.883 ex.)
Gabalor
261~0.JPG
Deuxième république - Dupré - 1 centime - 1849 Paris.5 viewsBronze, 18 mm, 1,99 g.
A/ REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE, tête de la République coiffée du bonnet frygien à gauche.
R/ UN CENTIME 1849
Réfs : F.-101.2
Gabalor
096~3.JPG
Deuxième république - Dupré - 5 francs - 1849 Bordeaux.9 views5 francs, argent, 37 mm, 24,66 g.
A/ LIBERTE EGALITE FRATERNITE, Hercule, debout de face avec la léonté, unissant la Liberté debout à gauche et l'Égalité debout à droite.
R/ RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE / 5 / FRANCS / 1849 dans une couronne composée à gauche d'une branche de laurier, à droite d'une branche de chêne, nouées à leur base par un ruban.
Réfs : F.326.7 (470.483 ex.)
Gabalor
284957_l.jpg
Divus Romulus.12 viewsDIVUS ROMULUS (Died 309). Follis. Ostia.
Obv: IMP MAXENTIVS DIVO ROMVLON V FILIO.
Bare head right.
Rev: AETERNA MEMORIA / MOSTT.
Domed hexastyle temple; on roof, eagle standing right, head left.
Weight: 6.0 g. Diameter: 25 mm.
RIC 33.
1 commentsAncient Aussie
SCBC-872.JPG
Early Anglo-Saxon, Kingdom of Northumbria: Archbishop Wigmund of York (837-849) Æ Irregular Styca (SCBC-872)8 viewsObv: +VcMVND APEP; Small central cross
Rev: +EDILVEVRD; Small central cross
SpongeBob
SCBC-870.jpg
Early Anglo-Saxon, Kingdom of Northumbria: Archbishop Wigmund of York (837-849) Æ Styca (SCBC-870)14 viewsObv: +VIGMVND; Small central cross
Rev: +COENRED; Small central cross
SpongeBob
EB0281b_scaled.JPG
EB0281 Hektor / Infant Dionysos3 viewsOphrynion, Troas, AE 12, 350-300 BC.
Obverse: Bearded head of Hektor, facing slightly right, wearing triple crested helmet.
Reverse: OΦΡY, The infant Dionysos kneeling right, holding grape cluster in right hand.
References: Sear 4124; SNG Cop 456; SNG von Aulock 1559; BMC 2-6; Luynes 2516; McClean 7849-7850; Weber 5423-5422.
Diameter: 12mm, Weight: 1.315g.
EB
EB0849_scaled.JPG
EB0849 Postumus / PM TRP COS II PP14 viewsPostumus 259-268, Antoninianus, Lyons mint, 260 AD.
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: PM TRP COS II PP, Emperor standing left holding globe and spear.
References: RIC 54, Cohen 243; Sear 10971.
Diameter: 23mm, Weight: 3.471g.
EB
Edgar_Allan_Poe_Hall_of_Fame.JPG
Edgar Allan Poe, 1963 NYU Hall of Fame Medal23 viewsObv: THE HALL OF FAME FOR GREAT AMERICAN EDGAR ALLAN POE above a bust of Poe facing left. AT NEW YORK UNIVERSITY 1809 - 1849, depictions of a Raven and a Gold Bug alluding to Poe's writings.

Rev: "NEVERMORE" depictions of Poe's fiction: the Angel Israfel, Lenore, The Fall of the House of Usher, The Masque of the Red Death, The Black Cat, MS. Found in the Bottle, The Pit and the Pendulum. The Pegasus, symbolic of poetry and art, unfolds a nightmare of dreams and death.

Designer: Michael Lantz, Mint: Medallic Art Company

Bronze, 44.48 mm
Matt Inglima
Claudius_Gothicus_2.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 269/270, Claudius Gothicus, Alexandria12 viewsClaudius Gothicus
Egypt, Alexandria
Billon-Tetradrachme, AD 269/270
Obv.: AVT KΛAV∆IOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: bust of Alexandria right wearing turreted cap, earring, and chiton L - B (year 2) flanking across field
AE, , 9.66g, maximum diameter 20.7mm, die axis 0deg
Ref.: Milne 4246, Geissen 3030, Dattari 5383, SNG Cop 849, BMC 2330, Kampmann-Ganschow 104.19, Emmett 3869 (R2)
Ex Forvm Ancient Coins Shop
shanxi
coin22~0.JPG
Egypt, Alexandria; Salonina25 viewsSalonina Potin Tetradrachm of Alexandria. Year 11 of Gallienus = 263-264 AD. KOPNHLIA CALWNEINA CEB, diademed draped bust right / LIA, Dikaiosyne seated left holding scales & cornucopiae. Emmett 3849.ecoli
Egypt_Ptolemy_XII_GCV_7944~0.JPG
Egypt: Ptolemy XII, Neos Dionysos (first reign), 80 - 58 BC34 viewsObv: No legend, diademed head of Ptolemy I, wearing aegis, facing right.

Rev: ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on a thunderbolt, wings closed, LГ (year 3) to left, ΠA on right.

Silver Tetradrachm, Paphos mint, 79 - 78 BC

13.9 grams, 25.4 mm, 0°

GCV 7944 (var.), Svoronos 1849, SNG Copenhagen 378

Ex: FORVM
SPQR Matt
18491.jpg
Elagabalus Antioch Tetradrachm Bellinger 4333 viewsVF/F Elagabalus Syria Antioch Billon Tetradrachm / Eagle

Attribution: Bellinger 43
Date: 218-222 AD
Obverse: Laureate bust right
Reverse: Eagle standing right with wings spread, head reverted holding wreath in beak, star between legs
Size: 26.13 mm
Weight: 13.09 grams
cliff_marsland
henry_vi_half_penny.jpg
ENGLAND - Henry VI51 viewsENGLAND - Henry VI (1422-1461) Silver Hammered Halfpenny. Circa 1422. It is of the Annulet issue and was minted in Calais. The Spink reference is 1849. dpaul7
Arab-Byzantine_Cyprus_imitation.jpg
Follis (Fals)32 viewsPseudo-Byzantine Syrian Arabic, imitating the Cypriot folles of Heraclius (Sear 849); weight 3.99g, diameter 25x20mm.

Obverse: No legend. Three standing crowned imperial figures, each holding long cross in right hand.

Reverse: Large M, cross above, Γ below; to left, garbled, perhaps [?] | retrograde-N | I I I | A; to right, illegible symbols; in exergue, possibly C[ΠΡ].

Official folles from the Cyprus mint were struck during the years 626/9 (= regnal years 17 to 19) and were introduced into the Levant following the Byzantine reoccupation of Syria from the Persians in 629. These imitatives were among the first coins struck after the Arab conquest in 636, and production may have continued into the mid-640s. On this specimen it seems that the central imperial figure has the long beard and moustache portrait type, which was only introduced in Heraclius’ regnal year 20, cf. DOC II(1) Heraclius 184a.3

Reference: Foss pp. 22 – 24
Abu Galyon
FR_2ND_REP_5_FR_MARIANNE.jpg
FRANCE - Second Republic86 viewsFRANCE - Second Republic (1848-1852) AR 5 Francs, 1849-A. KM #761.1.dpaul7
086~1.JPG
François Ier Roi de France (1515-1547) - Blanc6 viewsGrand blanc du Dauphiné, argent, 2,35 g
Fleur en fin de légende pour l'atelier de Grenoble
A/ FRANCISCVS FRANCORVM REX, écu de France-Dauphiné sous un dauphin.
R/ + SIT NOMEN DNI BENEDICTVM, croix cantonnée de deux F couronnés et de deux dauphins.
Réfs : Duplessy 849
Gabalor
4621_4622.jpg
Gallienus, Antoninianus, DIANAE CONS AVG7 viewsAE Antoninianus
Gallienus
Augustus: 253 - 268AD
Issued: 267 - 268AD
14.0 x 13.0mm
O: GALLIENVS AVG; Radiate head, right.
R: DIANAE CONS AVG; Antelope walking left.
Exergue: X
RIC 179, X, left; Cohen 160; Goebl 0744b; Sear 10201.
Aorta: 435: B40, O10, R75, T43, M5.
michaelp9686 151438497252
12/18/14 3/7/17
Nicholas Z
D-026-F10849-c.jpg
Gaston d'Orleans (1627-1650), Jeton - 163816 viewsAtelier de Trévoux
(rose) GASTON . DE . FRANCE (croix de l'Ordre de St Esprit) FRERE . VNICQVE . DV . ROY Ecu d'Orléans couronné entouré des colliers des ordres du roi
. FAS SOLVERE NVLLI . Noeud gordien éclairé par une lumière céleste. A l'exergue . 1638 . ("Dieu (sa volonté) ne défait rien")
4.85 gr,
Ref : Feuardent # 10849
Potator II
ear.jpg
German States, Hannover. Earnst August 1837 - 1851. Copper 2 PFENNIGE. 1849B17 viewsGerman States, Hannover. Earnst August 1837 - 1851. Copper 2 PFENNIGE. 1849B. Crowned EAR monogram / 2 PFENNIGE 1849 B

KM 202.1
oneill6217
Great Britain old.jpg
Great Britain - Old Coinage82 viewsKM837 - 1/2 penny - 1929
KM838 - 1 penny - 1936
KM777 - 3 pence - 1900
KM849 - 3 pence - 1943
KM815 - 6 pence - 1913
KM890 - 1 shilling - 1953 (English Arms)
KM865 - 2 shillings - 1948 (with IND:IMP)
Daniel Friedman
hadrian-as-dupondius-indulgentia.jpg
Hadrian AE As., Rome mint, Indulgentia11 viewsRoman Imperial, Hadrian AE As., Rome mint; 25mm, 8.1g, 6h

Obverse: HADRAINVS AVGVSTVS, Bareheaded and draped bust right.

INDVLGENTIA AVG COS III P P, SC, Indulgentia seated left with extended right hand and scepter.

Reference: RIC II 725, Cohen 849.

Ex: CoinTalk Secret Saturnalia, Jaz Numismatics

https://www.cointalk.com/threads/secret-saturnalia-2018.326383/
Gil-galad
hadrian_306.jpg
Hadrian RIC II, 30643 viewsHadrian AD 117-138
AR - Denarius, 3.48g
Rome c. AD 132
obv. HADRIANVS - AVG COS III PP
Bare head r.
rev. HISPANIA
Hispania, draped, reclining l., holding olive-branch in outstretched r. hand and leaning
with l. arm on rock; rabbit behind her
RIC II, 306; C. 834; BMCR 849 note
EF

The rev. was probably the model of the provincial coin AMNG 755 from Markianopolis.
Jochen
Hadrian_Sestertius_1.jpg
Hadrian Sestertius115 viewsObv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, draped bust right.
Rev. DACIA S C, Dacia seated left on rock, holding vexillum in right hand, curved sword in left.
Mint: Rome, 134-138 AD.

32/33mm 23.71g

RIC 849

Ex Kölner Münzkabinett, MA-Shops 2019
Ex Heidelberger Münzhandlung, Auction 76, 14th May 2018, lot 202.
Ex Thierry Parsy, Paris Auction 13/14th February 2018, lot 148.
Ex Collection Note (1910-1982)

This sestertius belongs to Hadrian's much-beloved travel series of coins depicting the provinces and cities he visited on his several tours throughout the empire. Earlier in his reign, Hadrian had reorganized the Dacian territories so recently conquered by his predecessor, Trajan, giving up to the Roxolani Sarmatians to rule as a client kingdom on behalf of Rome much of the Dacian territory that had been added to Moesia Inferior. Trajan's sweeping conquests along the Danube frontier as well as in the East had greatly extended Rome's borders, but Hadrian correctly saw the impractical nature of the additional strain this imposed on the Empire and quickly shored them.
5 commentskc
HadrSe42-2.jpg
Hadrian, RIC 849, Sestertius of AD 134-138 (Dacia)21 viewsÆ Sestertius (22.76g, Ø30mm, 6h). Rome, AD 134-138.
Obv.: HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate draped bust right.
Rev.: DACIAin ex., S | C, Dacia seated left on rocks, foot on rock, holding standard and a falx (=curved sword).
RIC 849 (S); BMC 1740; Cohen 528; Banti 237 (14 spec.)
Ex CNG eAuction 65 lot 69, May 2003
1 commentsCharles S
1848 REVOL HUNGARY.jpg
HUNGARY - 1848 Revolution165 viewsHUNGARIAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE Issue - 1849 6 Krajczar, base silver issue. KM #435.dpaul7
Hartill-9_1.jpg
Imperial China, Wang Mang: Da Quan Wu Shi (7-14AD) 50 Wa Shu (Hartill-9.1)13 viewsObv: 大泉五十 Da Quan Wu Shi (Large Coin Fifty)
Rev: Blank
SpongeBob
Hartill-9_14.jpg
Imperial China, Wang Mang: Xiao Quan Zhi Yi (9-14 CE) AE One Cash (Hartill-9.14)13 viewsObv: 小泉直一 Xiao Quan Zhi Yi; Small Coin, Value One
Rev: Blank
SpongeBob
739B71FD-C725-4F40-8666-A9F8849835F0.jpeg
IONIA, Teos15 viewsIONIA, Teos. Circa 450-425 BC. AR Hemitritemorion (6mm, 0.14 g). Forepart of griffin right / Quadripartite incuse square. Matzke Group Cb7-3, 103 (this coin); Balcer -; SNG Copenhagen -; MACW 77. Near VF, toned, some porosity. From the Daniel Koppersmith Collection. Ex Elsen FPL 206 (November-December 1999), no. 69P.
ecoli
Italy- Rome- Largo (di Torre) Argentina.jpg
Italy- Rome- Largo (di Torre) Argentina47 viewsLargo di Torre Argentina is a square in Rome that hosts four Republican Roman temples, and the reminings of Pompey's Theater. It is located in the ancient Campus Martius.

Common knowledge refers the name of the square to a Torre Argentina, which is not related to the South American country, but to the city of Strasbourg, whose original name was Argentoratum. In 1503, in fact, John Burckhardt from Strasbourg built in via del Sudario a palace (now at number 44), Casa del Bucardo, annexing a tower, called Torre Argentoratina from the name of his hometown.

After Italian unification, it was decided to reconstruct part of Rome (1909), demolishing the zone of Torre Argentina, where the remainings of a medieval tower, Torre Papito or Torre Boccamazzi, and of one temple were to be included in the new buildings. During the works (1927), however, the colossal head and arms of a marble statue were discovered. The archeological investigation brought to light the presence of a holy area, dating to the Republican era, with four temples and part of Pompey's Theater.

The buildings
The four temples, designated today by the letters A, B, C, and D, front onto a paved street, which was reconstructed in the imperial era, after 80 AD fire.

Temple A was built in the 3rd century BC, and is probably the Temple of Juturna built by Gaius Lutatius Catulus after his victory against Carthaginians in 241 BC. It was later rebuilt into a church, whoes aprses are still present.

Temple B, a circular temple with six columns remaining, was built by Quintus Lutatius Catulus in 101 BC to celebrate his victory over Cimbri; it was Aedes Fortunae Huiusce Diei, a temple devoted to the Luck of the Current Day. The colossal statue found during excavations and now kept in the Capitoline Museums was the statue of the goddess herself. Only the head, the arms, and the legs were of marble: the other parts, covered by the dress, were of bronze.

Temple C is the most ancient of the three, dating back to 4th or 3rd century BC, and was probably devoted to Feronia the ancient Italic goddess of fertility. After the fire of 80 AD, this temple was restored, and the white and black mosaic of the inner temple cell dates back to this restoration.

Temple D is the largest of the four, dates back to 2nd century BC with Late Republican restorations, and was devoted to Lares Permarini, but only a small part of it has been excavated (a street covers the most of it).

Teatro Argentina is a 18th century theater, where Gioachino Rossini's The Barber of Seville debuted in 1816, as well as Giuseppe Verdi's I due Foscari (1844) and La battaglia di Legnano (1849).

Located in the Largo Argentina is the Torre Argentina Cat Sanctuary, a no-kill shelter for homeless cats (of which Rome has many). The presence of the shelter proves to be a point of interest for both tourists and locals, as the historical area abounds with various breeds of cat, cavorting and lounging about on the ancient (and semi-ancient) ruins.
John Schou
alexander-jannaeus-prutah-2.jpg
John Hyrcanus I, Hasmonean AE Prutah, (103-76 BC)29 viewsAncient Greek, John Hyrcanus I, Hasmonean AE Prutah, (103-76 BC)

Obverse: "Yehonatan the High Priest & the Council of the Jews", Four lines of Paleo-Hebrew text within wreath. First three lines are readable, the rest are blundered possibly.

YHWHNN
KHHNHGD
WLHHBR
HYHWDYM

𐤉𐤄‬𐤅𐤇‬𐤍𐤍
𐤄‬𐤊‬𐤄‬𐤍𐤄‬‬𐤂𐤃‬
𐤅𐤋𐤄‬‬𐤇‬𐤁‬𐤓
𐤅𐤄‬𐤃‬𐤃‬𐤌

Reverse: Two joined cornucopias, ribbons on each side, pomegranate between, all within dotted circle border. Two monogram characters right and left.

Reference: Hendin 1133 var

Ex: Holyland Ancient Coins Corporation - Musa Ali
1 commentsGil-galad
Judaea-first-revolt.jpg
Judaea, Jewish First Revolt (67-68 AD) AE Prutah, Year 240 viewsAncient Greek, Judaea, Jewish First Revolt (67-68 AD) AE Prutah, Year 2

Obverse: SNT-STYM, Year Two in ancient Hebrew script, amphora with fluted body, broad rim and two handles.

Reverse: HRT-SYWN, Freedom of Zion in ancient Hebrew, vine leaf on a small branch.

Reference: Hendin 1360, AJC II P.260 11a

Ex: Kayser-i Rum Numismatics +photo

Viewable with Segoe UI Historic

Obverse Legend:

𐤔𐤍𐤕𐤔𐤕𐤉𐤌 ← SNT-STYM "Year Two"

Reverse Legend:

𐤇‬𐤓𐤕𐤔𐤉𐤅𐤍 ← HRT-SYWN "Freedom of Zion"
Gil-galad
15179229_220973184994434_5565620657505115492_n.jpg
Julia Mamaea Denarius, struck AD 228 at Rome mint. 28 viewsObv: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane.
Rev: FELICITAS PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left, left leg crossed, holding caduceus in right hand and leaning left elbow on column.
3,48 g, 19 mm. RIC 335
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
interreg_herakles.jpg
KINGS OF MACEDON--ALEXANDER IV (son of Alexander the Great)11 viewsStruck ca 323-311 BC
AE 15.5 mm, 3.86 g
O: Macedonian shield with five double crescents and five groups of pellets around, bust of Herakles at center, facing slightly right, wearing Nemean lion skin tied at neck
R: Crested Macedonian officer's helmet, flanked by B – A; stalk of grain lower left
Western Anatolia mint. Price 2806 corr. (Heracles left); SNG Cop 1132; SNG Alpha Bank 849; Hersh, Corrections 129. Very Scarce.
(Struck during the reign the child king Alexander IV, son of Alexander III with the Bactrian princess Roxana. He and Alexander III’s half-brother Philip III were made joint kings by Alexander's generals. Philip III was executed in 317 B.C. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by Kassander, in 311 B.C.)
laney
4848_4849.jpg
Licinius I, Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI 11 viewsAE Follis
Licinius I
Augustus: 308 - 324AD
Issued: 321 - 324AD
19.0mm 2.61gr
O: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIUS PF AVG; Radiate, cuirassed bust, right.
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI; Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on a globe and scepter. Eagle with wreath in beak at left; seated captive at right.
Exergue: X over IIΓ, right, above line; SMHA, below line.
Heraclea Mint
RIC VII Heraclea 52, rated r2; Sear 15222.
Aorta: 1095: B24, O8, R28, T37, M6.
tina0116g11 121100764961
5/2/13 2/18/17
Nicholas Z
5237_5238.jpg
Macedon, Anonymous, Half Unit, Corinthian Helmet8 viewsAE Half Unit
Anonymous
Issued: 323 - 310BC
16.5 x 16.0mm 3.10gr
O: NO LEGEND; Macedonian shield ornamented with five double crescents; head of Heracles facing 3/4 right, wearing lion's skin headdress on boss in center of shield.
R: NO LEGEND; Crested Corinthian helmet with cheek guards.
Exergue: Monogram to left; caduceus to right.
Uncertain Mint in Western Asia Minor
Price 2803 var. (monogram and symbol arrangement), pl. 110; Laffaille 310 var.; GC 6781; Cop SB 2301 var; cf. Liampi 139 - 156; SNG Alpha Bank 849 var. (1/4 unit, no monogram).
ancientcoinmarket 322651688163
8/20/17 9/1/17
Nicholas Z
3ca77b23-7bc2-4da6-ab71-f0be972da849.jpg
Marcus Aurelius9 viewsIt nice to have at least one coin in near mint condition. Colors is a tad better on the photo than in real life.
Roman Empire - Marcus Aurelius (161 - 180 A.D.), silver denarius (3,64 g. 18 mm), from Rome mint, 170-171 A.D. COS III. Jupiter.
M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXV, laureate head right.
COS III, Jupiter seated left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre. RIC 227.
Smulan
3101_(1)_3102_(1).jpg
Marcus Aurelius, Denarius, TR P XXXI IMP VIII COS III PP10 viewsAR Denarius
Marcus Aurelius
Caesar: 140 - 161AD
Augustus: 161 - 180AD
Issued: January - October, 177AD
18.5 x 17.5mm ~3.0gr 0h
O: M ANTONINVS AVG GERM SARM; Laureate head, right.
R: TR P XXXI IMP VIII COS III PP; Salus standing left, feeding snake on altar and holding scepter.
Rome Mint
RIC 373; Sear 4943; Cohen 944; Aorta: 466: B11, O33, R133, T150, M2.7820vidas 311732328497
11/3/16 1/17/20
Nicholas Z
MaauSe03-2.jpg
Marcus Aurelius, RIC (Antoninus Pius) 1281a, Sestertius of AD 14822 viewsÆ Sestertius (26.8g, Ø 31mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 148 (under Antoninus Pius).
Obv.: AVRELIVS CAE-SAR AVG P II F, bare head right.
Rev.: TR [POT] III COS II around, [PIE]TAS in ex., S C across field, Faustina (as Pietas) draped, standing left, holding a long sceptre in left hand and placing hand on head of a small girl standing left.
RIC Antoninus Pius 1281a; BMCRE 1849; Cohen 446; Strack 1032; Banti 227 (7 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values) 4807; Foss (Roman Historical Coins) see 149/7
Ex D.Ruskin (Oxford, 1994).
This type depicts the two-year old first child of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina Jr., born in 146 AD: (Annia Galeria Aurelia) Faustina
Charles S
maximusprov~0.jpg
MAXIMUS17 viewsAE 26. Tomis ( Thrace ). 236 - 238 AD. 11,42 grs. Bare headed , draped and cuirassed bust right. Γ IOVΛ OVHP MAΞIMOC KAIC / Eagle standing facing,head right,holding crown in beak. MHTPO ΠONTOV TOMЄWC.
AMNG 3353. Varbanov I 5514
Lanz 151, lot 849.
benito
maximustomis44.png
MAXIMUS27 viewsAE 26. Tomis ( Thrace ). 236 - 238 AD. 11,42 grs. Bare headed , draped and cuirassed bust right. Γ IOVΛ OVHP MAΞIMOC KAIC / Eagle standing facing,head right,holding crown in beak. MHTPO ΠONTOV TOMЄWC.
AMNG 3353. Varbanov I 5514
Lanz 151, lot 849.
benito
markianopolis_elagabal_AMNG817.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 26. Elagabal, HrJ (2013) 6.26.03.05 (plate coin)31 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 27, 10.89g, 26.67mm, 0°
struck under governor Iulius Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT KM AVRHLI. - ANT[WNEIN]OC AVG
bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. VP IOVL ANT CELEVKOV MARKIANOPOLI / TWN
Hera, in long garment, stg. l., holding sceptre l. and patera in outstretched r. hand
ref. a) not in AMNG
rev. AMNG I/1, 813 (depiction)
AMNG I/1, 849 var. (= 861 var.) (legend, but with dots and square E)
obv. AMNG I/1, 817 (bust)
AMNG I/1, 813 var. (legend, but without AVG
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1571 (PC, unpublished)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.6.26.3.5 (plate coin)
d) SNG Budapest 167
about VF, dark green patina
Jochen
nikopolis_elagabal_AMNG2039cf.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2018) 8.26.54.26 (plate coin)43 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 17, 3.14g, 16.72mm, 210°
obv. AVT M AVRH - ANTWNINO - C
laureate head r.
rev. NI / KOP / OLITWN / PROC IC / TRON (WN ligate)
in 5 lines in laurel-wreath
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 2039 var. (WN not ligate)
obv. AMNG I/1, 2038 var. (has AVT K)
b) Varbanov (engl.) cf. 3849 (different obv. legend)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.26.54.26 (plate coin)
about VF, dark green patina

The wreath is interestingly asymmetric, and some letters are strange
Jochen
1840ned.jpg
Netherlands. William II 1840 - 1849. Dutch East Indies. Sumatra. Copper cent. 1840 G.31 viewsNetherlands. William II 1840 - 1849. Dutch East Indies. Sumatra. Copper cent. 1840 G. crowned arms divides value / Star over legend: NEDERL/INDIE/1840.

oneill6217
nederlander.jpg
Netherlands. William III 1849 - 1890 .6400 silver 10 cents 1884.12 viewsNetherlands. William III 1849 - 1890 .6400 silver 10 cents 1884. WILLEM III KONUNG DER NEDERLANDEN / value and date in wreath.

KM 80
oneill6217
1884netherlandische.jpg
Netherlands. William III 1849 - 1890 .6400 silver 10 cents 1885.9 viewsNetherlands. William III 1849 - 1890 .6400 silver 10 cents 1885. WILLIAM III KONING DER NED. G.R.S.L., head right / 10 CENTS 1885 within wreath.

KM 80
oneill6217
nth1.jpg
Netherlands. William III 1849 - 1890 AE 1 cent. 1878.19 viewsNetherlands. William III 1849 - 1890 AE 1 cent. 1881. KRONINGRISJK DER NEDERLANDEN, Lion with 17 small shield in fields / 1 cent in wreath.

Km # 107
Mintage 53,900,000
oneill6217
1880c.jpg
Netherlands. William III 1849 - 1890 AE 1 cent. 1880.20 viewsNetherlands. William III 1849 - 1890 AE 1 cent. 1880. KONINGRIJK DER NEDERLANDEN, crowned lion left, armed with sword / 1 CENT in wreath.

KM 107
oneill6217
nth2.jpg
Netherlands. William III 1849 - 1890 AE 1 cent. 188116 viewsNetherlands. William III 1849 - 1890 AE 1 cent. 1881. KRONINGRISJK DER NEDERLANDEN, Lion with 17 small shield in fields / 1 cent in wreath.

Km # 107
Mintage 10,000,000
oneill6217
neda.jpg
Netherlands. William III 1849 - 1890. Copper cent 1863 & 1876.13 viewsNetherlands. William III 1849 - 1890. Copper cent 1863 & 1876. Crowned arms divide value / Crowned W divides date.

KM 100
oneill6217
849_Augustus_Celsa.JPG
Octavianus Augustus - Celsa6 viewsAE as
L. Baggius and Mn. Flavius Festus
14-5 BC
laureate head right
AVGVSTVS·_DIVI·F·
bull right
·C·V·I·CEL·
II·VIR
L·BAGGIO
(MN)·FESTO
Villaronga-Benages 3164e, RPC I 273, SNG Cop 540
11,1g 27mm
ex Lucernae
Johny SYSEL
15541464_229093460849073_9113704007775040166_n.jpg
Pannonian Celts, Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) Type, c. 2nd Century B.C.22 viewsSilver tetradrachm, cf. Göbl OTA 197, Lanz 465; derived from the Macedonian Kingdom tetradrachms of Philip II, devolved laureate head of Zeus right, hair in arcs on both sides of central point, broad laurel wreath; reverse devolved horse trotting left, pellet in circle aboveAntonivs Protti
DSCN5849A.jpg
Parion, Mysia, Tetrobol. AR12mm, 2.77grm. c 480 BC.8 viewsParion, Mysia, Tetrobol. AR12mm, 2.77grm.
Obv. Facing gorgon head, with tongue protruding
Rev. Pellet in irregular incuse square
Lee S
0-piu-9.jpg
Pius IX - Mezzo Baiocco - 184916 views KM# 1340
Country Italian states (Papal States)
Years 1847-1850
Value 1/2 Baiocco (0.005)
Metal Copper
Weight 5 g
Diameter 24 mm
xokleng
0191_Pautalia.np_noir~0.jpg
Plautilla, Bronze54 viewsBronze minted in Pautalia, Thrace
PHOYL TTLAVTILLA CEBA, diademed and draped bust right
HTE CIKI KLAPOV OVATTI TTAUTALIAC, river god seated left
12,4 gr
Ref : Ruzicka, Pautalia # 771a, G&M #134/1849, same obverse die
Ex Optimus
Potator II
0191_Pautalia.np_noir.jpg
Plautilla, Provincial - Pautalia bronze51 viewsBronze minted in Pautalia, Thrace
PHOYL TTLAVTILLA CEBA, diademed and draped bust right
HTE CIKI KLAPOV OVATTI TTAUTALIAC, river god seated left
12,4 gr
Ref : Ruzicka, Pautalia # 771a, G&M #134/1849, same obverse die
Ex Optimus
Potator II
49~0.jpg
PROBUS RIC 466 VAR. AEQVIT RRR28 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: PROVIDENT AVG
BUST TYPE: B
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: E/-//SXXI
WEIGHT 4.22g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 22-23mm
RIC 466 VAR. (B BUST UNLISTED)
COLLECTION NO. 849
THIS COIN IS PART OF THE EXTREMELY RARE CODED AEQVIT SERIES (PINK’S 7TH TICINUM EMMISSION) - LETTER "E"
Barnaba6
1328~0.jpg
PROBUS RIC 849 VAR. PERPETVO IMP C M AVR PROBO AVG9 viewsOBVERSE: PERPETVO IMP C M AVR PROBO AVG
REVERSE: PROVIDEN DEOR
BUST TYPE: A2 = Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: */KA•B•
WEIGHT 3.61g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 22 mm
RIC 849 VAR. (unlisted with KAB mintmark)
COLLECTION NO. 1328

Extremely rare and desirable obverse legend!

ONLY 3rd example of this type known to me (THE OTHER BEING SOLIDUS 13/340 and Freeman & Sear - F&S Mail Bid Sale #11 / Lot: 413 = WILDWINDS)

Ex Ph. Gysen collection = Ex Lanz 86 (1998), 691
Barnaba6
1195~0.jpg
PROBUS RIC 849 VAR. PERPETVO IMP C PROBO AVG25 viewsOBVERSE: PERPETVO IMP C PROBO AVG
REVERSE: PROVIDEN DEOR
BUST TYPE: A2 = Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: */KAΔ
WEIGHT 4.08g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22-23mm
RIC 849 VAR. (PERPETVO IMP C PROBO AVG UNLISTED)
COLLECTION NO. 1195

Ex. S. Luethi collection

Extremely rare and desirable obverse legend.

This is only the 2nd specimen of this type in my Probus database
Barnaba6
41~3.jpg
PROBUS RIC 849 VAR. PERPETVO IMP C PROBO P F AVG38 viewsOBVERSE: PERPETVO IMP C PROBO P F AVG
REVERSE: PROVIDEN DEOR
BUST TYPE: A2 = Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: */KAA
WEIGHT 3.94g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 849 VAR. (OBVERSE LEGEND UNLISTED)
COLLECTION NO. 1147

Extremely rare and desirable obverse legend.

This is only the 5th specimen of this type in my Probus database
Barnaba6
_#24067;_#27849;.jpg
PU CH'UAN13 viewsNORTHERN ZHOU (AD 557 to 581)- Division of North and South (AD 316 TO 589)
25mm, 3.8g
S245
Samson L2
13528899_1132024050203053_7343109708134358914_n.jpg
Queen Victoria British Silver "Widow Head" Florin 12 viewsType: Queen Victoria British Silver "Widow Head" Florin
Origin: Great Britain Cat. Num.: KM# 781
Era / Ruler: Victoria Face Value: 1 Florin
Issued from: 1893 Issued until: 1901
Alignment: Medal M Desgr. / Engr.: Thomas Brock, Edward Poynter
Obverse: Victoria mature veiled bust left
Reverse: Crowned shields of England, Scotland and Ireland
Edge: Reeded
Composition: Silver
Fineness: 0.9250
Weight(g): 11.3104g
Weight(Oz): 0.36 Oz
Net Content: 0.34 Oz (10.46g)
Bullion Value: $6.58
Diameter: 28.00mm
The British two shilling coin, also known as the florin, was issued from 1849 until 1967. It was worth one tenth of a pound, or twenty-four old pence. It should not be confused with the medieval gold florin, which was nominally worth six shillings.
In 1968, in the run-up to decimalisation, the two shilling coin was superseded by the decimal ten pence coin, which had the same value and initially the same size and weight. It continued in circulation, alongside the ten pence, until 1993, when the ten pence was reduced in size.
Antonivs Protti
VespasianJupiter.jpg
RIC 0849 Vespasian denarius270 viewsIMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG
laureate head of Vespasian right

IOVIS CVSTOS
Jupiter standing half-left, sacrificing from patera in right over small lit altar at feet on left, long scepter grounded behind in left


Rome, 75 - 76 A.D.

3.458g, die axis 180o


RIC II, part 1, 849 (C3); BMCRE III 276; RSC II 222; BnF III 249; SRCV I 2295

Ex-Heritage CICF World and Ancient Coins Signature Auction 3032, part of lot 30530, Ex- Forum
11 commentsJay GT4
RIC_V_1448_Domitianus.jpg
RIC 1448 Domitianus39 viewsObv: DOMITIANVS CAESAR AVG F, Laureate head right, bust draped and cuirassed
Rev : PACI ORB TERR AVG "EPE", (in exergue), Turreted female head right
AR/Denarius (17.25 mm 3.26 g 6h) Struck in Ephesus (Ionia) 71 A D
RIC 1448 (R, Vespasian), RSC 337, RPC II 849
ex Rauch Auktion 94 Lot 816 (ex Rauch 88 Lot 354)
2 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
4278494l.jpg
RIC 905v34 views2 commentsvrtsprb
24849q00.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D., Gold aureus38 viewsSH24849. Gold aureus, MER-RIC 1584, Göbl MIR 127q, pl. 74 (O96/R298); BnF XII 424, pl. 13 (same dies); Estiot 1999-I 58 (same dies); RIC V 15, aEF, edge bump at 10 o'clock, weight 4.459 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, issue 3, mid 272 – end 272; obverse IMP CL DOM AVRELIANVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis across chest with small Medusa head in center; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Virtus, helmeted, cloaked, holding spear in right and trophy across left shoulder, walking right, captive before; ex Harlan Berk1 commentsJoe Sermarini
0280-215.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, BALBINUS, Denarius RIC 780 viewsRome mint, AD 238
IMP C D CAEL BALBINVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Balbinus right
PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, Providentia standing left, holding rod and cornucopiae, globe at feet
2.7 gr
Ref : RIC # 7, RCV # 8490
3 commentsPotator II
39200705_849320338601023_3523051545652363264_n.jpg
Roman Imperial, Caligula (37-41 AD) AE Quadrans, Rome mint8 viewsRoman Imperial, Caligula (37-41 AD) AE Quadrans, Rome mint

S-C, C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRO NAV G C Pileus between S C.

RCC, PON M TR P III P P COS DES III around RCC.

RIC Rome 52.
Gil-galad
40370995_293689958089576_4841469466002849792_n.jpg
Roman Imperial, Geta Denarius. (202 AD)4 viewsRoman Imperial, Geta Denarius. (202 AD)

P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, draped bust right.

PONTIF COS, Minerva standing left with spear and leaning on shield.

RIC 34, RSC 104, BMC 446
Gil-galad
40202749_257884941506682_3193650257246289920_n.jpg
Roman Imperial, Trajan Decius AE Sestertius (250-251 AD)8 viewsRoman Imperial, Trajan Decius AE Sestertius (250-251 AD)

IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right.

GENIVS EXERCITVS ILLVRICIANI, SC, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae, standard to right.

Cohen 66, RIC 119a
Gil-galad
39242309_279729329511378_2667256621612138496_n.jpg
Roman Imperial, Valens AE3 (367-378 AD)10 viewsRoman Imperial, Valens AE3 (367-378 AD)

DN VALENS PF AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.

SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left holding wreath and palm. Mintmark SMHA.

RIC IX Heraclea 5b; Cohen 47.
Gil-galad
4948493l.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Anonymous, AE Litra - Crawford 16/1a42 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous. 275-270 BCE.
AE Litra (9.89g; 22mm).
Southern Italian Mint.

Obverse: Nymph’s head, facing right, wearing diadem.

Reverse: Lion walking right, head facing; ROMANO in exergue.

References: Crawford 16/1a; Syd 5; BMCRR (Romano-Campanian) 23-27; RBW 10; HN1 276.

Provenance: NAC 114 (7 May 2019) Lot 1241; Hoskier Collection [Hess (15 Feb 1934) Lot 543].

This is one of the larger issues of early Roman struck bronzes. Hoard evidence suggests a mint south of Rome. Fabric and style also support a South Italian mint, as the flan, which appears to have been cast with hemispheric molds that leave characteristic edge sprues, is typical of Neapolitan coins of similar age. The lion on the reverse is sometimes shown with a spear in its mouth and sometimes not. There is no spear evident on this coin. There does not seem to be any direct connection between this issue and contemporaneous silver issues. Connections to contemporaneous silver would be evidenced on later struck bronze coins by common devices and symbols (i.e. club and sickle series).
1 commentsCarausius
64003q00.jpg
Roman Republic, C. Poblicius Q.f., 80 B.C51 viewsSilver denarius serratus,
SRCV I 308, Sydenham 768, Crawford 380/1, RSC I Poblicia 9, VF, banker's marks,
Rome mint, weight 3.849g, maximum diameter 20.0mm, die axis 135o, 80 B.C.;
Obverse ROMA, bust of Roma right, draped, wearing Phrygian helmet with side-feathers, K (control letter) above
Reverse C·POBLICI·Q·F, Hercules naked standing left, strangling the Nemean lion, club at feet, reversed K (control letter) and bow and arrows in case left
(Ex FORVM)
superflex
RPC_II_2467_Titus.jpg
RPC II 2467 Titus34 viewsObv: AYTOK TITOY KAIΣ OYEΣΠAΣIANOY ΣEB, Laureate head right
Rev: OMONOIA - LΓ (low left), Homonoia seated left, with olive branch.
BIL/Tetradrachm (24.80 mm 12.13 g 12h) Struck in Alexandria (Egypt) 80-81 A.D.
RPC 2467, SNG France 849-857
2 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
849.jpg
rsc25510 viewsElagabalus
AR Antoninianus

Obv: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: SALVS ANTONINI AVG, Salus standing right, feeding snake held in her arms.
23 mm, 3.50 gms

RSC 255, RIC 138
Charles M
alchred-1a~0.jpg
S.849 Alchred37 viewsSceat of Alchred, king of Northumbria 765-774
Moneyer: unknown
Mint: York (presumably)
SCBC 849
N. 179
Booth type B
Abramson 71-15
O: +AΓCHRED
R: Fantastic animal facing right, cross below
Motif: 1/fantastic animal

Alchred, or Alhred is a little known monarch of Northumbria. He was probably related, either directly or through marriage to King Eadberht, who was tonsured in 758. Alchred succeeded Æthelwald Moll, who took power after killing Eadberht's son Oswulf. According to the chronicle, he was deposed in 774 and succeeded by Æthelwald's son, Æthelred I.

Ex- Keith Chapman
Nap
aethelred-ii-eanwulf-1.jpg
S.868 Æthelred II (Eanwulf)14 viewsStyca of Æthelred II, king of Northumbria (second reign) 844-849
Moneyer: Eanwulf
Mint: York (presumably)
S. 868
O: +EDILRE R (retrograde)
R: +EANNLF

Eanwulf struck coins for Æthelred II and Osberht. Presumably the coins for Æthelred were struck during his second reign

Ex- English Coin Auctions 2015 (lot 36)
Nap
aethelred-ii-eardwulf-2.jpg
S.868 Æthelred II (Eardwulf)24 viewsStyca of Æthelred II, king of Northumbria (second reign) 844-849
Moneyer: Eardwulf
Mint: York (presumably)
S. 868
O: EDILRED ER
R: EARDVVLF
Motif: 3/2

For a long time, numismatists thought some of the many coins of moneyer Eardwulf were actually coins of King Eardwulf of the early 9th century. This is made doubly complex by the fact that Eardwulf's name appears on many of the irregular c.850 stycas, often in blundered form, often with something that appears like REX after the name. It is now well accepted that King Eardwulf did not mint stycas; the few coins of his known are all silver sceats, similar in composition to Æthelred I's and Eanred's early coins, and are all made by the moneyer Cutheard.

Ex- TimeLine Originals
Nap
aethelred-ii-wulfsige-1.jpg
S.868 Æthelred II (Wulfsige)37 viewsStyca of Æthelred II, king of Northumbria (second reign) 844-849
Moneyer: Wulfsige
Mint: York (presumably)
S. 868
Pirie unlisted
Phase II, Group Ciii
O: +EDLIRED RE
R: +VVI.FSIC

Wulfsige was a later moneyer for Æthelred II. He is probably the same person as Osberht's moneyer "Wulfsixt". This coin has the same obverse as Pirie 1720-1721, and the reverse is very similar to Pirie 1720 but it is not identical.

Ex- Holding History Coins, CNG eAuction 342 (lot 1058 [part]), Peter Moffat
Nap
osberht-aethelhelm-1.jpg
S.869 Osberht (Aethelhelm)30 viewsStyca of Osberht, king of Northumbria 849-867
Moneyer: Aethelhelm
Mint: York (presumably)
S. 869
O: +OSBRCHT
R: +EDELHELM
Motif: 1/1

Aethelhelm also struck coins for Archbishop Wigmund.

Ex- eBay, UKDFD 47634
Nap
osberht-eanwulf-1.jpg
S.869 Osberht (Eanwulf)39 viewsStyca of Osberht, king of Northumbria 849-867
Moneyer: Eanwulf
Mint: York (presumably)
S. 869

Ex- Holding History Coins, CNG eAuction 342 (lot 1058 [part]), Peter Moffat
Nap
osberht-enavulf.JPG
S.869 Osberht (Eanwulf) 24 viewsStyca of Osberht, king of Northumbria (849-867)
Moneyer: Eanwulf
1.09 g, 12 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O: .OSBERC.HE (outward)
R: +EAN.V.L'E (outward)
Motif: 1/1

Eanwulf only struck coins for kings Aethelred II (2ond period ?) and Osberht.
Droger
osberht-edelhelm.JPG
S.869 Osberht (Ethelhelm)32 viewsStyca of Osberht, king of Northumbria (849-867)
Moneyer: Ethelhelm
1.09 g, 12 mm diameter, die axis 10h30 ?

O: +OI∾ERT X (retrograde)
R: +EDELHELM (outward)
Motif: 3/3

Ethelhelm only struck coins for king Osberht and archibishop Wigmund.
Droger
osberht-monne-1.jpg
S.869 Osberht (Monne)13 viewsStyca of Osberht, king of Northumbria 849-867
Moneyer: Monne
Mint: York (presumably)
S. 869
O: OSBERCHT EX
R: +MO.NNE (retrograde)

Presuming he was a single person, Monne is the only moneyer to have struck stycas for Eanred, Aethelred II, Redwulf, and Osberht. If he started around the end of Eanred's reign, then this might represent a period of some 15 years. This is longer than any of the other moneyers seemed to work, and it must be considered that there might have been more than one 'Monne'.

Ex- RP Coins
Nap
osberht-monne.JPG
S.869 Osberht (Monne)42 viewsStyca of Osberht, king of Northumbria (849-867)
Moneyer: Monne
1.25 g, 12 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O: OSB[RC]HT REX (outward)
R: +:M⁖ONNE (outward, retrograde)
Motif: 5/1

Although Monne is believed not to have been minting during Aethelred II's second reign, he had been a moneyer of his successor... if he is only one person.
Droger
osberht-winiberht-2.jpg
S.869 Osberht (Winiberht)20 viewsStyca of Osberht, king of Northumbria 849-867
Moneyer: Winiberht
Mint: York (presumably)
S. 869
O: OSBERCHT RE
R: VINIBERHT
Motif: 1b/2

Ex- Silbury Coins
Nap
osberht-winiberht-1.jpg
S.869 Osberht (Winiberht)25 viewsStyca of Osberht, king of Northumbria 849-867
Moneyer: Winiberht
Mint: York (presumably)
S. 869
Pirie 1241
O: OSBERCHT RE
R: VINIBERHT
Motif: 2/2

Winiberht is a rare moneyer who only struck coins for Osberht.

Ex- eBay
Nap
osberht-winiberht.JPG
S.869 Osberht (Winiberht)31 viewsStyca of Osberht, king of Northumbria (849-867)
Moneyer: Winiberht
1.33 g, 12.5 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O: OSBERCHT RE (outward)
R: V⁖INIBERH⁖T.(outward)
Motif: 1c/2a

Winiberht was a scare moneyer who only struck for Osberht.
Droger
osberht-wulfsixt.jpg
S.869 Osberht (Wulfsige)44 viewsStyca of Osberht, king of Northumbria 849-867
Moneyer: Wulfsige
Mint: York (presumably)
S. 869
Pirie 445
O: BOSBEBHT
R: +VVLFSIXT
Motif: 3/1

Wulfsixt is believed to be the same moneyer as Wulfsige, who also minted coins for Aethelred II. The letter "X" is runic for the modern letter "G"

Ex- ABC Coins
Nap
osberht-wulfsige-2.JPG
S.869 Osberht (Wulfsige)8 viewsStyca of Osberht, king of Northumbria (849-867)
Moneyer: Wulfsige
1.22 g, 12 mm diameter, die axis 2h

O: +OZBERHT
R: +VVLFZIXτ
Motif: 6/1
Provenance: Bolton Percy hoard no1079
Droger
osberht-wulfsige.JPG
S.869 Osberht (Wulfsige) 15 viewsStyca of Osberht, king of Northumbria (849-867)
Moneyer: Wulfsige
1.22 g, 13 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O: BOZBEBHτ
R: +VV[LF]ZIXτ
Motif: 3(var)/1

Same reverse die as previous coin
Droger
osberht-eardwulf-1.jpg
S.872 Osberht (Eardwulf)37 viewsIrregular styca of Osberht, king of Northumbria 849-867
Moneyer: Eardwulf
Mint: York (presumably)
S. 872
Pirie 2215
Phase II, Group Dii
O: BOSBCRH (retrograde)
R: +EARDVVLF
Motif: 4/1

Most likely an irregular coin circa 855, which depicts a blundered spelling of Osberht, along with the name of a prolific moneyer (Eardwulf) from the reign of Æthelred II. Die match to Pirie 2215. The obverse is also used to strike stycas in the name of Æthelhelm, Wulfred, and other nonsensical letter combinations.

Ex- eBay, UKDFD 19244
Nap
osberht-nonsense-1.jpg
S.872 Osberht (Æthelhelm?)37 viewsIrregular styca of Osberht, king of Northumbria 849-867
Moneyer: Æthelhelm?
Mint: York (presumably)
S. 872
Pirie 2219
Phase II, Group Dii
O: BOSBCRH (retrograde)
R: +EDVLHV (retrograde)
Motif: 4/5d

Nonsense reverse legend. Probably a blundered form of Æthelhelm. Same die as Pirie 2219, also shares obverse die with my coin of Osberht, with the moneyer Eardwulf

A die match can be found in Museum Victoria in Melbourne, Australia.

Ex- eBay
Nap
salonina.jpg
Salonina, Concordia85 viewsBillon antoninianus; 3.16g; 22mm
Samosata mint, 255 - 258 A.D.

CORN SALONINA AVG
diademed and draped bust on crescent

CONCORDIA AVG
Emperor and Empress clasping hands, wreath between

RIC 63 var (rev. legend AVGG); Cunetio hoard 864, Göbl 1706Ac, Gökyildirim hoard 2849
3 commentsarizonarobin
Sear_0849.jpg
Sear 084969 viewsHeraclius (610 – 641 CE) Follis, weight 5.7g, diameter 24mm. Mint in Cyprus, officina Γ, struck in regnal year 17 ( [X] / U / I I = 626/7 CE). This example has a Heraclian monogram (monogram 23) in place of the normal cross above the large M.

The Cyprus mint, presumably located at Constantia (Salamis), was active between 626 and 629, very possibly as a military mint to serve the army Heraclius was gathering to dislodge the Persians from the Levant. Coins struck at this mint are found much more frequently in Syria and Palestine than on the island of Cyprus, which suggests that the bulk of the coinage was transferred with the troops after the Persian withdrawal and Byzantine reoccupation in 629.
1 commentsAbu Galyon
Sear_0849_[2].jpg
Sear 084915 viewsHeraclius (610 – 641 CE) Follis, weight 5.80g, diameter 23mm. Mint in Cyprus, officina Γ, probably struck in regnal year 17 ( [X] / U / I [I] = 626/7 CE). With Heraclian monogram (monogram 23) above the large M.Abu Galyon
HclsDOC184a.jpg
Sear 849 - Follis - 626-627 AD (Year 17) - Cyprus mint50 viewsEmperor: Heraclius (r. 610-641 AD)
Date: 626-627 AD (Year 17)
Condition: VF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No Legend
Heraclius (in center), Heraclius Constantine (on right) and the Empress Martina (on left) all standing facing; each wearing chlamys and crown with cross, and holding globus cruciger in right hand.

Reverse: Large "M"; Above, cross; To left, /N/N/O; To right, X//II; Beneath, .
Exergue: KVP

Cyprus mint
DO 184a; Sear 849
2.97g; 27.8mm; 180°
Pep
HclsDO185.jpg
Sear 849 - Follis - 627-628 AD (Year 18) - Cyprus mint47 viewsEmperor: Heraclius (r. 610-641 AD)
Date: 627-628 AD (Year 18)
Condition: VF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No Legend
Heraclius (in center), Heraclius Constantine (on right) and the Empress Martina (on left) all standing facing; each wearing chlamys and crown with cross, and holding globus cruciger in right hand.

Reverse: Large ""; Above, ; To left, ///; To right, //; Beneath, .
Exergue:

Cyprus mint
DO 185; Sear 849
5.36g; 22.3mm; 30°
1 commentsPep
HclsDO185bis.jpg
Sear 849 - Follis - 628-629 AD (Year 19) - Cyprus mint29 viewsEmperor: Heraclius (r. 610-641 AD)
Date: 628-629 AD (Year 19)
Condition: VF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No Legend
Heraclius (in center), Heraclius Constantine (on right) and the Empress Martina (on left) all standing facing; each wearing chlamys and crown with cross, and holding globus cruciger in right hand.

Reverse: Large ""; Above, ; To left, ///; To right, //; Beneath, .
Exergue:

Cyprus mint
DO 185 bis; Sear 849
6.40g; 24.9mm; 210°
Pep
099~3.JPG
Second Empire - Napoléon III - 50 centimes - 1864 Strasbourg.3 viewsArgent, 18 mm, 2,44 g.
A/ NAPOLEON III EMPEREUR, tête laurée de Napoléon à gauche.
R/ EMPIRE FRANCAIS // 50 CENT // 1864, couronne.
Réfs : F.-188.3 (14.625.849 ex.)
Gabalor
Seleu_0010_Ns.jpg
Seleukid kingdom, Seleukos I - 014032 viewsMinted c.312-280 BC
Laureate head of Apollo right
Athena standing right, holding thunderbolt and shield. BASILEWS SELEYKOY in field, reverse partially off center
7.32 gr, 21 mm
Ref : Sear #6849
2 commentsPotator II
Sweden.jpg
Sweden71 viewsKm820 - 1 Ore - 1958
Km821 - 2 Ore - 1959
Km845 - 5 Ore - 1972
Km849 - 5 Ore - 1979
Km835 - 10 Ore - 1968
Km785 - 25 Ore - 1930
Km836 - 25 Ore - 1973
Km837 - 50 Ore - 1971
Km826a - 1 Krona - 1972
Km852 - 1 Krona - 1980
Daniel Friedman
oscar.jpg
Sweden. Oscar I 1844 - 1859 A.D. Copper 4 Skilling Banco 1849.30 viewsSweden. Oscar I 1844 - 1859 A.D. Copper 4 Skilling Banco 1849. OSCAR SEVIRGES GOTH NORR. O . VEND . KONUNG, head right / 4 SKILLING BANCO, crossed arrows and date below, all within wreath.

KM 672
oneill6217
399846_508558629181053_1849344234_n.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily, Dionysos I, 405 - 367 B.C.41 viewsBronze litra, Calciati vol. II, p. 89, 45, gF, 8.415g, 20.3mm, 0o, Syracuse mint, 405 - 367 B.C.; obverse SURA, head of Athena left wearing olive wreathed Corinthian helmet; reverse hippocamp left with bridles

"Dionysius I was tyrant of Syracuse. He conquered several cities in Sicily and southern Italy, opposed Carthage's influence in Sicily and made Syracuse the most powerful of the Western Greek colonies. He was regarded by the ancients as an example of the worst kind of despot - cruel, suspicious and vindictive."
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
_#22823;_#27849;_#30070;_#21315;.jpg
TA-CH'UAN TANG-CH'IEN17 viewsWu Dynasty - Epoch of Three Kingdoms
Bronze 1000 shu,
Minted in 238AD,
31.5mm, 5.7g
Medium size for this type,
S-196
Samson L2
Vlasto_308.JPG
Taras, Calabria59 views400-390 BC (Period II)
AR Nomos (22mm, 7.74g, 2h).
O: Phalanthos riding dolphin left, holding akrostolion in extended right hand; Λ below, all within linear border.
R: Naked ephebe holding small shield in left hand, dismounting from horse cantering left; ΤΑΡΑΣ below, all within linear border.
Vlasto 309; Fischer-Bossert Group 26, 339 (V154/R263); Evans II, type C; Cote 108; McGill II, 13; HN Italy 849
ex CNG
2 commentsEnodia
Screenshot_2019-06-05_13_15_41.png
Tarentum, AE16. Added to Wildwinds, and it has been given my name as a reference with a number. Unpublished. Extremely Rare.7 viewsCalabria 3rd Century B.C. 4.17g - 16.1mm, Axis 12h.

Obv: Horse head right.

Rev: Dolphin swimming right, trident above.

Scarlioli 8029-8030. BMC:-; SNG Cop -; Paris -; Vlasto - . Vlasto 1849 var (sea horse for dolphin); Feuardent 874 var. (scallop shell for dolphin). Apparently unpublished.
Extremely Rare.
scarli
20170413_104849.jpg
The Hasmoneans, Alexander Jannaeus, Yehonatan, 103-76 BC, Lepton.45 viewsObv: Upside down anchor, BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY (of King Alexander) around.
Rev: Star of eight rays surrounded by diadem; paleo-Hebrew between the rays (Yehonatan the King).
Reference: Hendin 469.
15mm, 2.11 grams
2 commentsCanaan
5288_5289.jpg
Theodosius I, AE2, VIRTVS EXERCITI4 viewsAE2
Theodosius I
Augustus: 379 - 395AD
Issued: 383 - 388AD
23.0mm 5.20gr
O: DN THEODOSIVS PF AVG; Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: VIRTVS EXERCITI; Theodosius I standing facing, holding labarum and globe, foot on captive.
Exergue: SMKΓ
Cyzicus Mint
Aorta: B4, O1, R21, T31, M6.
RIC 256, Γ; LRBC 2565.
okta2000-2013 271984982733
9/23/15 1/31/17
Nicholas Z
Lysimachos_Thrace.jpg
Thrace, Lysimachus14 views 297-282 BC
Tetradrachm,
16.84g
Thompson-not, Meydancikkale-2675, SNG Fitzwilliam-1849 var.
Amphipolis mint
Obv: Head of Alexander the Great with Ammon horns r.
Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΛΥΣΙΜΑΧΟΥ Athena enthroned to l., her l. arm resting on round shield (with lion's head in center), holding Nike on outstretched r. hand, Nike crowning the king's name. In inner r. field, monogram.VF
JBGood
T189.jpg
Titus RIC-18924 viewsÆ Dupondius, 11.80g
Rome mint, 80-81 AD
Obv: IMP T CAES VESP AVG P M TR P COS VIII; Head of Titus, radiate, bearded, r.
Rev: CERES AVGVST; S C in field; Ceres stg. l., with corn ears and torch
RIC 189 (C). BMC 191A. BNC 191.
Acquired from Excalibur Coins, eBay, October 2019. Formerly in ANACS holder 4892849, grade 'F 15', wrongly attributed to Vespasian.

The standing Ceres type was a carry-over reverse from the reign of Vespasian. During Titus' reign it was sparingly struck in silver, but more commonly so in bronze. This dupondius is from Titus' great issue of bronze of 80-81. Because Titus did not take up the consulship in 81, the issue cannot be dated more precisely.
David Atherton
Trajanus_DanubeBridge.JPG
Trajan AE Sestertius, SPQR Bridge over river RIC 56992 viewsTRAJAN. 98-117 AD. Æ Sestertius (25.83 gm, 6h).
Struck circa 104-107 AD. IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder / S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, S C in exergue, arched, single-span bridge with six posts across Danube River; single-bay arches at either end, surmounted by statues; boat sailing left in river below. RIC II 569; Strack 385a; Banti 261; BMCRE 849; cf. Cohen 542.
2 commentsmattpat
DSCF8492.JPG
Turkey, Istanbul, Boukoleon Palace47 views9-6-2015
This section was built in the reign of Emperor Theophilus (829-42 AD).
The brick walls would have been clad in Marble.
The three doorways led to a balcony.
The Sea reached up to the walls in those days.
After being ransacked by the "4th Crusade" in 1204 AD, it remained abandoned, even after Michael VIII retook the city in 1261 AD.
The Ottomans never took this section over.
In 1873 AD it was partially destroyed to make way for the railway line that began at Sirkeci Station.
Masis
sear_849.jpg
Unoffical mint possible arab byzantine follis Heraclius 32 viewsObverse: Heraclius in center, Heraclius Constantine on r., and Empress Martina on L. all stg, facing each holding fl. cr in r. hand.
Reverse: Large M , cross above, ANNO to r. retrograde gamma below
Mint: unknown
Date: approx after 610 CE
Sear 849 (for official mint)
30/19mm 5.84gm
wileyc
USA_Cent_1849_2_img.jpg
USA - 1849 Large Cent69 viewsPart of a large, mixed world lot I bought on a whim

Mintage 4,178,500
maridvnvm
USA_Cent_1849_img.jpg
USA - 1849 Large Cent67 viewsPart of a large, mixed world lot I bought on a whim

Mintage 4,178,500
maridvnvm
LT13-1849.JPG
USA, Seated Liberty dime love token, 184918 viewsFancy "R" initial in border. Ex-"engraved" (Collectors Universe). Total number of 1849 dimes struck at all mints = 1,139,000.
lordmarcovan
Vespasian_Denarius_Jupiter_standing_facing,_sacrificing_from_patera_over_flaming_altar___holding_scepter.jpg
Vespasian Denarius, RIC 84942 viewsRef Vespasian Denarius, RIC 849,
Vespasian Denarius. 76 AD. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right / IOVIS CVSTOS, Jupiter standing facing, sacrificing from patera over flaming altar & holding scepter.
Weight - 2.9g
Diameter - 18mm approx
lorry66
VesJup.jpg
Vespasian Jupiter94 viewsVespasian. AD 69-79. 18mm, 3.37 g. Rome mint. Struck AD 76.
O: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
R: IOVIS CVSTOS; Jupiter, bearded, naked, standing facing, sacrificing out of patera in r. hand over low garlanded altar and holding long vertical sceptre in l.
RIC II 849; RSC 222
4 commentsNemonater
Vespasian_RIC_II_0849~0.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 084919 viewsVespasian. 69-79A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 76 A.D. (3.31g, 18.6m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: IOVIS CVSTOS, Jupiter standing facting, with patera over alter and scepter. RIC II 849, RSC 222, BMC 276.

Dated to coins with COS VII with obverse die links, this is a new type issued for 76 A.D. This is a decent specimen of this common type issued towards the end of Vespasian’s reign.


Lucas H
V759a.jpg
Vespasian RIC-759129 viewsÆ Dupondius, 14.46g
Rome mint, 74 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: PON•MAX•TR•POT•P•P•COS•V CENS; Winged caduceus between crossed cornuacopiae
RIC 759 (C). BMC p. 219 note. RPC 1983 (6 spec.). BNC 905.
Ex eBay, 16 October 2018. Ex Klassische Münzen.

Traditionally, the issue this rather strange dupondius is from has been attributed to various different mints over the years. Ted Buttrey writing in the RIC II.1 Addenda commented extensively on it. Because both the Addenda has yet to see the light of day and T. Buttrey's thoughts on the subject are important (and indeed likely correct), I have largely quoted it in full here with some minor editing.

'RIC 756-767 are irregular Dupondii, which should be taken together with Asses, semisses and quadrantes (RIC 1564-1581), forming together a single extraordinary issue in four denominations, distinct in typology and metal, as well as overall character from the regular coinage of the year. Although Eastern in aspect and reverse type, the circulation area of the dupondii is almost exclusively Gaul, Germany, Italy – i.e. the West, with scarcely any penetration of the East. Finds of the smaller denominations are rarely attested anywhere, East or West. The Eastern finds appear to be simply the débris of Mediterranean circulation.

Previously the series had been attributed to Commagene (BMCRE II, pp.217-222), then as a likelihood to Antioch (e.g. RPC II 1982-2005). The correct attribution to Rome is proved by mules of the dupondii with regular issues (Buttrey, “Vespasian’s Roman Orichalcum: An Unrecognized Celebratory Coinage” in David M. Jacobson and Nikos Kokkinos, Judaea and Rome in Coins, 65 CBE – 135 CE (2012). The series had nothing to do with Syria or with the East at all, yet it was purposefully designed to appear non-Roman: the suppression of the traditional reverse sub-inscription S C throughout; the suppression of the radiate crown of the Dupondius; the shifting of the consular dating from the obv. to the rev.; the striking of all four denominations in orichalcum; and most obviously the selection of rev. dies which reek of the East.

There is nothing like this series in the whole of Roman imperial coinage. It is a deliberate act of Orientalism, imposing the flavour of the East on a Western coinage. The key to its understanding is the reverse type of the dupondius, two crossed cornuacopiae with a winged caduceus between. It replicates the type of an obscure issue of the Galilean city of Sepphoris, an issue which had been, astonishingly, signed by Vespasian himself (ΕΠΙ ΟΥΕCΠΑCΙΑΝΟΥ, “on the authority of…”) when on duty there in the last days of Nero. The dupondius-sized bronze was accompanied by a half-unit with the type of a large, central S C – again signed by Vespasian, and now imitated on the As of the orichalcum series with the wreath of the As of Antioch (RPC I 4849-50).
The whole of this series memorializes not Vespasian the conquering general (IVDAEA CAPTA, VICTORIA AVGVSTI), but the man. His re-use of earlier coin types is well-known; here he re-uses his own, harking back to his career just prior to his final success in seizing the empire. And the series was struck in 74 A.D., co-terminous with the celebration of Vespasian’s first quinquennium.'

The coin itself is a superb example in very fine style. Beautiful dark golden patina with highlights of emerald green.
8 commentsDavid Atherton
vesp r jupiter.jpg
Vespasian RIC-849100 viewsAR Denarius, 3.30g
Rome Mint, 76 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: IOVIS CVSTOS; Jupiter, bearded, naked, standing facing, sacrificing out of patera in r. hand over low garlanded altar and holding long vertical sceptre in l.
RIC 849 (C3). BMC 276. RSC 222. BNC 249.
Acquired from Silenos Coins, eBay, September 2007.

Possibly a reverse that refers to a failed plot against the emperor, Jupiter is scene here as his own worshipper. Similar in theme to the previous Neronian Iuppiter Custos reverse.

A nicely centered denarius with no obvious flaws. A good example of prime Flavian coinage.
1 commentsVespasian70
vesp_k.jpg
Vespasian, AD 69-7913 viewsAR denarius, 3.4g, 19mm, 6h; Rome mint, c. 76.
Obv.: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Laureate head right.
Rev.: IOVIS CVSTOS; Jupiter standing left, sacrificing from patera over altar and holding sceptre.
Reference: RIC 849
1 commentsJohn Anthony
Vespasian_RIC_II_849.jpg
Vespasian, AR Denarius, RIC II 8496 viewsVespasian
Augustus, 69-79 A.D.

Coin: AR Denarius

Obverse: IMP CAESAR-VESPASIANVS AVG, Laureate bust facing right.
Reverse: IOVIS - CVSTOS, Jove, standing, facing, offering Libations from a Patera held with his right hand, over a lit Altar at left and holding a Sceptre with his left hand.

Weight: 2.64 g, Diameter: 19 x 17.5 x 1.2 mm, Die axis: 200°, Mint: Rome, struck in 76 A.D. Reference: RIC II 849
Masis
Vespasian_RIC_II_849_Second_example.jpg
Vespasian, AR Denarius, RIC II 849 Second example6 viewsVespasian
Augustus, 69-79 A.D.

Coin: AR Denarius

Obverse: IMP CAESAR-VESPASIANVS AVG, Laureate bust facing right.
Reverse: IOVIS - CVSTOS, Jove, standing, facing, pouring Libations from a Patera held with his right hand, over a lit Altar at left and holding a Sceptre with his left hand.

Weight: 2.98 g, Diameter: 18 x 17 x 1.2 mm, Die axis: 200°, Mint: Rome, struck in 76 A.D. Reference: RIC II 849
Masis
V1565.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-156573 viewsÆ As, 6.57g
Rome mint, 74 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: S • C in laurel wreath
RIC 1565 (C2). BMC 894. RPC 1984 (20 spec.). BNC 913.
Acquired from Ephesus Numismatics, January 2019.

In 74 AD the Rome mint produced an extraordinary issue of bronze coinage of dupondii, asses, semisses, and quadrantes with a somewhat Eastern theme. Previously, these coins had been attributed to either Commagene (BMCRE) or Syria (RPC, and doubtfully so in RIC), but more recent scholarship has shown they actually were struck in Rome. The circulation pattern confirms this - out of a total of 112 of the smaller denominations cited by RPC, all but 4 were found in Western Europe. Ted Buttrey confirms 'The Eastern finds appear to be simply the débris of Mediterranean circulation.' But why was this series produced in such a fashion? Buttrey proffers a plausible theory - 'There is nothing like this series in the whole of Roman imperial coinage. It is a deliberate act of Orientalism, imposing the flavour of the East on a Western coinage. The key to its understanding is the reverse type of the dupondius, two crossed cornuacopiae with a winged caduceus between. It replicates the type of an obscure issue of the Galilean city of Sepphoris, an issue which had been, astonishingly, signed by Vespasian himself (ΕΠΙ ΟΥΕCΠΑCΙΑΝΟΥ, “on the authority of…”) when on duty there in the last days of Nero. The dupondius-sized bronze was accompanied by a half-unit with the type of a large, central S C – again signed by Vespasian, and now imitated on the As of the orichalcum series with the wreath of the As of Antioch (RPC I 4849-50). The whole of this series memorializes not Vespasian the conquering general (IVDAEA CAPTA, VICTORIA AVGVSTI), but the man. His re-use of earlier coin types is well-known; here he re-uses his own, harking back to his career just prior to his final success in seizing the empire. And the series was struck in 74 A.D., co-terminous with the celebration of Vespasian’s first quinquennium.' So, in essence, a very personally important issue for Vespasian.

Curtis Clay has a few objections for Buttrey's theory why the issue was struck. 'As far as I am aware, there is nothing "astonishing" about Vespasian's "signing" of the two coins of Sepphoris. EΠI followed by the governor's name appeared frequently on Roman provincial coins, meaning simply, "Struck while the man named was governor". So there was no evident reason for Vespasian to consider it extraordinary that he had been named as governor of Syria on coins of Sepphoris struck for Nero near the end of his reign (Year 14), and no evident reason why he should have referred to the Sepphoris coins in his orichalcum issue struck at Rome five years later. It seems quite probable that Vespasian never even noticed his name on the coins of Sepphoris, and certainly very few Romans in the West will ever have seen such a coin, though Buttrey thinks the orichalcum coins were struck for circulation in the West in 74 in order to recall precisely those Sepphoris coins with their reference to Vespasian some months before his accession. Why waste coin types on references that were inconsequential, and that nobody was likely to comprehend?

If the orichalcum issue was meant to recall those two coins of Sepphoris, shouldn't it have been struck for Vespasian only, and using only those two rev. types, caduceus between crossed cornucopias and large SC? But that was not the case. Both the caduceus between crossed cornucopias type and the large SC type were struck not only for Vespasian, but also for Titus and Domitian as Caesars. Moreover those were not the only two rev. types of the issue: other coins showed a bust of Antioch with legend ANTIOCHIA , and (on small coins only) the same winged caduceus as on the crossed cornucopias dupondii, but without the cornucopias (see images below). It seems to me highly unlikely that the three main types of this issue, all struck for Titus and Domitian as well as Vespasian, were inspired by and meant to recall the far simpler issue of Sepphoris, using just two changing types (obv. types in this case) and of course naming Vespasian only.'

If Buttrey's argument is wrong it brings us back to the original question - why was an Eastern flavoured coinage struck for circulation in the West? Perhaps the issue may be nothing more than Vespasian paying homage to the part of the world that elevated him.

This As is a fine example of the smaller denomination, nicely centred with a beautiful emerald green patina.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
octo1.jpg
Vijaya Bahu IV AD 1267/8 to 127015 viewsSeated king, SRI VIJAYA BAHU in Brahmi in two vertical lines in the left field / King standing, small altar in the left field, various dots and decorations in fields. 20mm, 4.26 grams. Mitchiner NIS 848-849. SKU 35708Paul R3
Wang_Mang_AE_Bu_Quan.jpg
Wang Mang Bu Quan16 viewsAE 布泉 (Bu.Quan)
China, Xin Dynasty, Emperor Wang Mang 9-23 CE
Diameter: 26 mm Weight: 3.35 grams

Obverse: The Hanzi 布泉 (Spade cash), arranged right to left of central square hole. Large 10 mm central square hole around which double border with two spike projections from lower corners. Outer raised rim.

Reverse: Blank, raised rim and raised border around square hole.

Cast: Uncertain, possibly the capital Xian.

Notes:
- This beautiful issue appears to only have lasted 1 year, circa 14 CE. The Hanzi characters are written in the aptly named ‘suspended needle’ script. The casting quality of Wang Mang coinage is generally very high, but these are exceptionally well made.
- This coin appears to be a replacement of the earlier first issue spade coins, which themselves were throwbacks to the Chinese spade coins from centuries past. Wang Mang held a great admiration and nostalgia for the early Zhou period, which he seems to have believed was the ideal Confucianist State.
- Hartill 9.70

Ex ECIN Associates 2015, Ex Frank S Robinson 2002
Pharsalos
Wang_Mang_AE_Da_Quan_Wu_Shi.jpg
Wang Mang Da Quan Wu Shi12 viewsAE 大泉五十 (Da.Quan.Wu.Shi)
China, Xin Dynasty, Emperor Wang Mang 9-23 CE
Diameter: 27.5 mm Weight: 4.92 grams

Obverse: The Hanzi 大泉五十 (large cash fifty), arranged top to bottom, then right to left. Raised rim and raised border around square hole.

Reverse: Blank, raised rim and raised border around square hole.

Cast: Uncertain, possibly the capital Xian.

Notes:
- Wang Mang was the only emperor on the Xin (new) dynasty. He was a devoted Confucianist and instituted many radical reforms according to his beliefs. Some had disastrous consequences for the state, despite being quite brilliantly visionary. This coin was part of his first coinage reform, and was an attempt to issue the world’s first fiat currency – this coin had a value of 50 regular coins. The reform was a well intentioned attempt to address the strain on government of minting millions of single value units in copper. These coins are beautifully made and were used and imitated long after Wang Mang’s death, but evidently the average person preferred 50 regular coins.
- Hartill 9.2

Ex IS Wright Adelaide, 2012
Pharsalos
Wang_Mang_AE_Huo_Quan.jpg
Wang Mang Huo Quan11 viewsAE 货泉 (Huo.Quan)
China, Xin Dynasty, Emperor Wang Mang 9-23 CE
Diameter: 24 mm Weight: 2.87 grams

Obverse: The Hanzi 货泉 (commodity cash), arranged right to left. Central square hole with double border, outer raised rim.

Reverse: Blank, raised rim and raised border around square hole.

Cast: Uncertain, possibly the capital Xian.

Notes:
- This coin was issued circa 14 CE. It was issued in great quantity, and imitated in later periods.
- Hartill 9.34

Ex Frank S Robinson 2013
Pharsalos
1_wang_mang_zhi_yi.JPG
Wang Mang Xiao Quan Zhi Yi14 viewsAE 小泉直一 (xiao.quan.zhi.yi)
China, Xin Dynasty, Emperor Wang Mang 9-23 CE
Diameter: 15 mm Weight: 1.07 grams

Obverse: The Hanzi 小泉直一 (small cash value one), arranged from top to bottom, then right to left. Central square hole with border, outer raised rim.

Reverse: Blank, raised rim and raised border around square hole.

Cast: Uncertain, possibly the capital Xian.

Notes:
- Issued as part of the ‘six coin reform’ of 9 – 14 CE; the da quan wu shi was the largest denomination, and this coin was the smallest.
- This specimen has traces of lacquer.
- Hartill 9.14

Ex Bob Reiss 2013
Pharsalos
咸丰当千宝泉大型2.JPG
Xian Feng Yuan Bao49 viewsEmperor Xiang Feng, Qing Dynasty. Issued during the war. Huge coin and high value, 1000 cents. Scare. 1851~1861 ADsamwyi
chinese-mang-wang-xin-reshoot.jpg
Xin Dynasty - Wang Mang - Huo Quan 貨泉 AE cast coin 7-22 AD25 viewsXin Dynasty - Wang Mang - Huo Quan 貨泉 AE cash coin (7-22 AD)

Obverse: HUO QUAN, 貨泉, Thin outer rim, two Chinese characters flanking a square hole with thin rim.

Reverse: No legend. Thin outer rim. Square hole in center with thin rim.

Reference: Schjoth 149

Ex: ECIN (Every Coin In Numismatics)

Huo Quan which means wealth or money coin is the base denomination of 1 Wu Shu.
Gil-galad
12_Zachary_Taylor.JPG
Zachary Taylor, 1849 Indian Peace Medal26 viewsObv: ZACHARY TAYLOR PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, draped bust of Zachary Taylor (12th President) facing left; 1849 below.

Rev: PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP, two clasped hands, crossed peace pipe and tomahawk above.

Engravers: Henry Kirke Brown (obverse), John Reich (reverse)

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1849 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
HadrianAequitasAR_denarius.jpg
[903a] Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.93 viewsSilver denarius, RIC II 228 var (bust type), gVF, Rome, 2.849g, 17.8mm, 180o, 134 A.D.; Obverse: HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, head right; Reverse: AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, scales in right, scepter in left; excellent portrait; scarce. Ex FORVM. Photo courtesy of FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Hadrian (A.D. 117-138)
Herbert W. Benario
Emory University

Introduction and Sources
"During a happy period of more than fourscore years, the public administration was conducted by the virtue and abilities of Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, and the two Antonines. It is the design of this and of the two succeeding chapters to describe the prosperous condition of their empire, and afterwards, from the death of Marcus Antoninus, to deduce the most important circumstances of its decline and fall, a revolution which will ever be remembered and is still felt by the nations of the earth."

So Edward Gibbon concluded the first paragraph of his massive The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, referring to a period which he also styled the happiest of mankind's history. Hadrian was the central figure of these "five good emperors," the one most responsible for changing the character and nature of the empire. He was also one of the most remarkable and talented individuals Rome ever produced.

The sources for a study of Hadrian are varied. There is no major historian for his reign, such as Tacitus or Livy. The chief literary sources are the biography in the Historia Augusta, the first surviving life in a series intended to continue Suetonius' Lives of the Caesars. Debate about this collection of imperial biographies has been heated and contentious for more than a century. The most convincing view is that which sees the whole as the work of a single author writing in the last years of the fourth century. The information offered ranges from the precisely accurate to the most wildly imaginative.

Cassius Dio, who wrote in the decade of the 230s, produced a long history of the empire which has survived, for the Hadrianic period, only in an abbreviated version. Fourth century historians, such as Aurelius Victor and Eutropius, occasionally furnish bits of information. Contemporaries or near-contemporaries of Hadrian, such as Arrian, Fronto, Pausanias, and Plutarch, are also useful. Papyri, inscriptions, coins, and legal writings are extremely important. Archaeology in all its aspects contributes mightily to any attempt to probe the character of a man and emperor whose personality and thoughts defy close analysis and understanding.

Early Life and Career
Hadrian was born on January 24, 76. Where he saw the light of day was, even in antiquity, matter for debate. Italica, in Hispania Baetica, was the birthplace of Trajan and was also considered that of Hadrian. But the HA reports that he was born in Rome, and that seems the more likely choice, since it is the more unexpected. The actual place of one's birth was, however, unimportant, since it was one's patria which was crucial. Hadrian's ancestors had come to Spain generations before, from the town of Hadria in Picenum, at the end of the Second Punic War. Italica's tribus, to which Hadrian belonged, was the Sergia. His father, P. Aelius Afer, had reached the praetorship by the time of his death in 85/86, his mother, Domitia Paulina, came from a distinguished family of Gades, one of the wealthiest cities in the empire. His sister Paulina married Servianus, who played a significant role in Hadrian's career. Trajan was the father's cousin; when Afer died, Trajan and P. Acilius Attianus, likewise of Italica, became Hadrian's guardians.

At the age of about ten, Hadrian went to Italica for the first time (or returned, if he had been there earlier in his childhood), where he remained for only a brief time. He then returned to the capital and soon began a rapid rise through the cursus honorum; he was a military tribune of three different legions in consecutive years, a series of appointments which clearly marked him for a military career, and reached the consulate as a suffect at the age of 32, the earliest possible under the principate. At Trajan's death, he was legate of the province of Syria, with responsibility for the security of the east in the aftermath of Trajan's Parthian War.

(For a detailed and interesting discussion of Hadrian's reign please see: http://www.roman-emperors.org/hadrian.htm])

Literary and artistic achievements
Hadrian was a man of extraordinary talents, certainly one of the most gifted that Rome ever produced. He became a fine public speaker, he was a student of philosophy and other subjects, who could hold his own with the luminaries in their fields, he wrote both an autobiography and poetry, and he was a superb architect. It was in this last area that he left his greatest mark, with several of the empire's most extraordinary buildings and complexes stemming from his fertile mind. The anonymous author of the Historia Augusta described Hadrian as Fuit enim poematum et litterarum nimium studiosissimus. Arithmeticae, geometriae, picturae peritissimus.

He rebuilt Agrippa's Pantheon into the remarkable building that survives today, reconstructing the accustomed temple facade, with columns and pediment, but attaching it to a drum which was surmounted by a coffered dome. The latter was pierced by an oculus nine meters in diameter, which was the main source of illumination. Height and diameter were identical, 43.3 meters. The dome remained the largest in the world until the twentieth century. As was his custom, he replaced the original inscription of Agrippa on the architrave; seldom did he put his own name on a monument.

He also left his mark on almost every city and province to which he came. He paid particular attention to Athens, where he completed the great temple of Olympian Zeus, some six centuries after construction had begun, and made it the centerpiece of a new district of the city.

Hadrian's relationship with philosophers and other scholars was generally fractious. He often scorned their achievements while showing his own superiority. An anecdote about an argument which he had with the eminent philosopher and sophist Favorinus revealed the inequity of such disagreement. Although Favorinus was correct, he gave way to Hadrian, and when rebuked by friends, replied, "You advise me badly, friends, since you do not permit me to believe that he who commands thirty legions is the most learned of all."

Hadrian's literary taste inclined toward the archaic and the odd. He preferred Cato to Cicero, Ennius to Vergil, Coelius Antipater to Sallust, and disapproved of Homer and Plato as well. Indeed, the epic writer Antimachus of Colophon supplanted Homer in Hadrian's estimation. The biographer Suetonius held office under Hadrian but was discharged in 122 for disrespect to the empress. The historian Tacitus, who may have lived into Hadrian's reign, seems to have found no favor with the emperor.

His best known literary work is the short poem which he is said to have composed shortly before his death. These five lines have caused commentators much interpretative woe.

animula vagula blandula
hospes comesque corporis
quae nunc abibis in loca
pallidula rigida nudula
nec ut soles dabis iocos! (25.9)

"Little soul, wandering and pale, guest and companion of my body, you who will now go off to places pale, stiff, and barren, nor will you make jokes as has been your wont."
. . .

Reputation
Hadrian died invisus omnibus, according to the author of the Vita. But his deification placed him in the list of "good" emperors, a worthy successor to the optimus princes Trajan. Hadrian played a significant role both in developing the foreign policies of the empire and in its continuing centralization in administration. Few would disagree that he was one of the most remarkable men Rome ever produced, and that the empire was fortunate to have him as its head. When Aelius Aristides delivered his oration To Rome in 143, he had Hadrian's empire in mind when he said,

"But there is that which very decidedly deserves as much attention and admiration now as all the rest together. I mean your magnificent citizenship with its grand conception, because there is nothing like it in the records of all mankind. Dividing into two groups all those in your empire - and with this word I have indicated the entire civilized world - you have everywhere appointed to your citizenship, or even to kinship with you, the better part of the world's talent, courage, and leadership, while the rest you recognized as a league under your hegemony. Neither sea nor intervening continent are bars to citizenship, nor are Asia and Europe divided in their treatment here. In your empire all paths are open to all. No one worthy of rule or trust remains an alien, but a civil community of the World has been established as a Free Republic under one, the best, ruler and teacher of order; and all come together as into a common civic center, in order to receive each man his due.”

Scholarly work on the emperor, above all biographies, has been varied in quality. Much the best, as the most recent, is by A.R. Birley, who presents all that is known but underscores how much is conjecture, nay even guesswork. We still do not really know the man. An enigma he was to many while alive, and so he remains for us. Semper in omnibus varius; omnium curiositatum explorator; varius multiplex multiformis: these are descriptions of him from antiquity. They are still valid more than 1900 years after the emperor's death.

Copyright (C) 2000, Herbert W. Benario.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
2 commentsCleisthenes
   
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