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Search results - "5.4.1"
541.jpg
14 viewsSpongeBob
27541013_527880224261494_4837233640830637088_n.jpg
6 viewsAntonivs Protti
4170541.jpg
15 viewsSRI LANKA (CEYLON), Native coinages. Kingdom of Ruhuna. Circa 2nd century BC–2nd century AD. Æ 'Lakshmi plaque' (11x22mm, 2.84 g, 6h). Goddess standing facing, holding lotus and two stalks / Railed swastika. Ruhuna H.40; cf. MACW 5048ffQuant.Geek
rjb_gal21_09_06.jpg
54115 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 8
INDVLGENT AVG
G 541
mauseus
rjb_cpolis6_02_05.jpg
541 Rome32 viewsLRBC I 541
RIC VII 339
mauseus
Claudius_II_Alexandria_eagle.jpg
Claudius II - Alexandria6 viewsBI Tetradrachm
29 Aug 270 - 28 Aug 271 AD
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind
AVT K KΛAV_ΔIOC CEB
eagle standing right, wreath in beak, palm under wing
L_Γ
Dattari 5413; Milne 4291; Geissen 3047; Curtis 1687; BMC Alexandria p. 303, 2336
11,2g
ex Petr Schimandl
Johny SYSEL
00032x00~1.jpg
17 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.34 gm 2 h) Dated year 4 of an uncertain era
Bust of Horus right, wearing stylized pschent crown, being crowned by Victory flying left; LΔ (date) to lower right
Nilus recling left on crocodile, holding reeds and cornucopia, being crowned by Victory flying right
Milne 5415 corr. (date); Dattari (Savio) 11642; Köln –; CNG E-353, lot 370 (same dies)
Ardatirion
carac_pautal_snake_1.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA32 views198 - 217 AD
AE 28 mm 13.69 g
O: LAUR DR BUST R
R: COILED SNAKE (AGATHODAEMON), HEAD R
THRACE, PAUTALIA; cf Varbanov II 5411
laney
003_Justinian_I.JPG
003. Justinian I, 527-565. AE 40 Nummi.56 viewsObv. Helmeted bust of Justinian facing, holding globe surmounted with cross.
Rev. Large M with A underneath, NIK below, ANNO XIII to sides.
Nikomedia Mint, 541.
2 commentsLordBest
5514.jpg
005d. Agrippina II89 viewsLYDIA, Hypaepa. Agrippina Jr., mother of Nero. Augusta, 50-59 AD. Æ 14mm (2.33 gm). Draped bust of Agrippina right / Cult statue of Artemis. RPC I 2541; SNG Copenhagen -.

Julia Vipsania Agrippina Minor or Agrippina Minor (Latin for "the younger") (November 7, AD 15 – March 59), often called "Agrippinilla" to distinguish her from her mother, was the daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina Major. She was sister of Caligula, granddaughter and great-niece to Tiberius, niece and wife of Claudius, and the mother of Nero. She was born at Oppidum Ubiorum on the Rhine, afterwards named in her honour Colonia Agrippinae (modern Cologne, Germany).

Agrippina was first married to (1st century AD) Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus. From this marriage she gave birth to Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, who would become Roman Emperor Nero. Her husband died in January, 40. While still married, Agrippina participated openly in her brother Caligula's decadent court, where, according to some sources, at his instigation she prostituted herself in a palace. While it was generally agreed that Agrippinilla, as well as her sisters, had ongoing sexual relationships with their brother Caligula, incest was an oft-used criminal accusation against the aristocracy, because it was impossible to refute successfully. As Agrippina and her sister became more problematic for their brother, Caligula sent them into exile for a time, where it is said she was forced to dive for sponges to make a living. In January, 41, Agrippina had a second marriage to the affluent Gaius Sallustius Crispus Passienus. He died between 44 and 47, leaving his estate to Agrippina.

As a widow, Agrippina was courted by the freedman Pallas as a possible marriage match to her own uncle, Emperor Claudius, and became his favourite councillor, even granted the honor of being called Augusta (a title which no other queen had ever received). They were married on New Year's Day of 49, after the death of Claudius's first wife Messalina. Agrippina then proceeded to persuade Claudius to adopt her son, thereby placing Nero in the line of succession to the Imperial throne over Claudius's own son, Brittanicus. A true Imperial politician, Agrippina did not reject murder as a way to win her battles. Many ancient sources credited her with poisoning Claudius in 54 with a plate of poisened mushrooms, hence enabling Nero to quickly take the throne as emperor.

For some time, Agrippina influenced Nero as he was relatively ill-equipped to rule on his own. But Nero eventually felt that she was taking on too much power relative to her position as a woman of Rome. He deprived her of her honours and exiled her from the palace, but that was not enough. Three times Nero tried to poison Agrippina, but she had been raised in the Imperial family and was accustomed to taking antidotes. Nero had a machine built and attached to the roof of her bedroom. The machine was designed to make the ceiling collapse — the plot failed with the machine. According to the historians Tacitus and Suetonius, Nero then plotted her death by sending for her in a boat constructed to collapse, intending to drown Agrippina. However, only some of the crew were in on the plot; their efforts were hampered by the rest of the crew trying to save the ship. As the ship sank, one of her handmaidens thought to save herself by crying that she was Agrippina, thinking they would take special care of her. Instead the maid was instantly beaten to death with oars and chains. The real Agrippina realised what was happening and in the confusion managed to swim away where a passing fisherman picked her up. Terrified that his cover had been blown, Nero instantly sent men to charge her with treason and summarily execute her. Legend states that when the Emperor's soldiers came to kill her, Agrippina pulled back her clothes and ordered them to stab her in the belly that had housed such a monstrous son.

ecoli
V541.jpg
00a Domitian as Caesar RIC 541338 viewsAR Denarius, 3.46g
Rome mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMIT COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: No legend; Domitian on horse l.; r. hand raised, sceptre in l.
RIC 541 (R2). BMC 129 var. RSC 664. BNC 105 var.
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 701. = Helios, ebay, 29 November 2010 (A. Lynn Collection).

This is an extremely rare denarius of Domitian as Caesar, the second earliest minted at Rome. Here the legend is clockwise, the much more common Domitian on horseback type has the legend anticlockwise. The reverse may allude to Domitian's participation in Vespasian and Titus' joint triumph where he rode a 'magnificent' steed. The obverse is a die match with the RIC plate coin from Oxford.

The early portrait on this one is quite outstanding.
18 commentsDavid Atherton
ABH_617_AS_CELSA_Augusto.jpg
01-64 - Celsa - Hispania - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)30 viewsHoy Velilla del Ebro, Tarragona, España
CN.Domitius y C.Pompeius duoviri

AE AS 28 mm 8.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR DIVI F AVGVSTVS COS XII" (Leyenda anti-horaria)- Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: Toro estante a derecha, "CN DOMIT" arriba, "C POMPEI" debajo, "II VIR" delante y "C V I CEL" detrás.

Acuñada 05 - 03 A.C.
Ceca: Colonia Lépida Victrix Iulia - Hispania

Referencias: RPC I #278, ACIP #3169e, SNG Cop #541, ABH #811/2, ABH (Ant) #1486 P.184, Vv Pl.CLXI #8, Cohen Vol.1 #700 Pag.156, Guadan #446, Ripolles #3159 P.368
mdelvalle
037_Marcus_Aurelius_(161-180_A_D_),_AE-24,_Macedon,_Winged_thunderbolt,_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
037p Marcus Aurelius (161-180 A.D.), Macedonia, Macedonian Koinon, BMC 156, AE-24, Winged thunderbolt,69 views037p Marcus Aurelius (161-180 A.D.), Macedonia, Macedonian Koinon, BMC 156, AE-24, Winged thunderbolt,
avers:- KAICAP-ANTΩNINOC, Bare head right.
revers:- KOINON-MAKEΔONΩN, Winged thunderbolt.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 9,56g, axis: 0h,
mint: Macedonia, Macedonian Koinon, date: 161-180 A.D., ref: Moushmov 5889, BMC 156, SNG Cop 1342, SGI 1541,
Q-001
quadrans
041_Commodus_(177-192_A_D_),_AE-23_IY-K_A_AYP-KOMMODOC_MAPKIANOPOLEITON_Markianopolis_Q-001_2h_22,5mm_6,87ga-s~0.jpg
041bp Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), Moesia, Markianopolis, Moushmov 366, AE-23, MAPKIANO ΠOΛEIΤΩΝ, Tyche standing left,66 views041bp Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), Moesia, Markianopolis, Moushmov 366, AE-23, MAPKIANO ΠOΛEIΤΩΝ, Tyche standing left,
avers:- AY-K•Λ•AYP-KOMOΔOC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- MAPKIANO-ΠO-ΛEIΤΩΝ, Tyche Euposia standing left, holding a ship's rudder and a cornucopiae and infant in crook of left arm.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 6,87g, axis:2h,
mint: Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, date: A.D., ref: Moushmov 366, Pick (AMNG) 541, Varbanov (engl) I.-709, Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. ???,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
RI_044m_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian Ae Sestertius - RIC 0541a var.50 viewsObv:- IMP CAES DIVI TRA PARTH F DIVI NER NEP TRAIANO HADRIANO AVG, Laureate bust right with drapery on far shoulder, strap across chest from right to left shoulder
Rev:- PONT MAX TR POT COS, FORT RED/S C in two lines in exergue, Fortuna seated left holding rudder and cornucopiae
Minted in Rome. A.D. 117
Reference:– BMCRE 1111. Cohen 751 var. (cuirassed). RIC II 541a var. (cuirassed).

Quite a scarce coin.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_044ao_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian Sestertius - RIC 541a18 viewsSestertius
Obv:- IMP CAES DIVI TRA PARTH F DIVI NER NEP TRAIANO HADRIANO AVG Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:- PONT MAX TR POT COS / FORT RED / S C, Fortuna,seated left, holding rudder and cornucopa.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 117
Reference:- RIC 541a, Cohen 751. BMCre 1110
maridvnvm
104_Claudius-II__Gothicus_(268-270_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-,_D-5411,_Alexdr,Tyche_s_-l,LA_Q-001_0h_20-20,5mm_9,26g-s.jpg
104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-5411, LA//--, Tyche seated left, #166 views104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-5411, LA//--, Tyche seated left, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: LA above, Tyche reclining left on draped and garlanded couch, holding the rudder in right hand.
exergue: LA//--, diameter: 20-20,5mm, weight: 9,26g, axes: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 268-269 A.D., Year 1. LA., ref: Geissen-, Dattari-5411, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.14-p-328,
Q-001
quadrans
104_Claudius-II__Gothicus_(268-270_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3015,_D-5414,_Alexandria,_Eagle_standing_right,_LA_in_left(Y-1,268_AD)_Q-001_0h_21-22,5mm_8,54g-s.jpg
104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3015, D-5414, -/LA//--, Eagle standing right, #1138 views104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3015, D-5414, -/LA//--, Eagle standing right, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, draped bust right.
reverse: Eagle standing right, head left with wreath in its beak, LA in the left field.
exergue: -/LA//--, diameter: 21,0-22,5mm, weight: 8,54g, axes: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 268-269 A.D., Year 1. LA., ref: Geissen- 3015, Dattari-5414, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.01-p-327,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
104_Claudius-II__Gothicus_(268-270_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3015v,_D-5414v,_Alexandria,_Eagle_standing_right,_LA_in_left(Y-1,268_AD)_Q-001_11h_21,5mm_10,35g-s.jpg
104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3015v., D-5414v., -/LA//--, Eagle standing right, #1163 views104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3015v., D-5414v., -/LA//--, Eagle standing right, #1, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. (Bust variation!)
reverse: Eagle standing right, head left with wreath in its beak, LA in the left field.
exergue: -/LA//--, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 10,35g, axes: 11h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 268-269 A.D., Year 1. LA., ref: Geissen- 3015v., Dattari-5414v., Kapmann-Ganschow-104.01v.-p-327,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
104_Claudius-II__Gothicus_(268-270_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3027,_D-5415,_Alexandria,_Eagle_standing_right,L-B_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3027, D-5415, L/B//--, Eagle standing right, #166 views104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3027, D-5415, L/B//--, Eagle standing right, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle standing right, head left with wreath in its beak, L-B across the field,
exergue: L/B//--, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 11,21g, axes: 11 h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 269-270 A.D., Year 2. L-B., ref: Geissen- 3027, Dattari-5415, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.17-p-328,
Q-001
quadrans
104_Claudius-II__Gothicus_(268-270_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3028,_D-5417,_KG-104_16_Alexandria,_Eagle_standing_left,_L-B_,_269-270_(Y-2)-Q-001_0h_21-21,5mm_9,02g-s.jpg
104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3028, D-5417, L/B//--, Eagle standing left, #1114 views104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3028, D-5417, L/B//--, Eagle standing left, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle standing left, head right with wreath in its beak, L-B across the field,
exergue: L/B//--, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 9,02g, axes: 0 h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 269-270 A.D., Year 2. L-B., ref: Geissen- 3028, Dattari-5418, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.16-p-328, Milne 4248, Curtis 1683, BMC-Alexandria 2333,
Q-001
quadrans
IMG_2541.JPG
12 Constantius II61 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG Constantius II pearl-diademed, draped, A behind, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO III left, soldier spearing Horseman, bearded, bare-headed, reaching
[*]ASIRM in ex
Sirmium 32
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
12g-Constantine-Her-075.jpg
12g. Constantine: Heraclea follis.36 viewsFollis, 313 - 314, Heraclea mint.
Obverse: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG / Jupiter standing, chlamys over left shoulder, holding Victory on globe, leaning on sceptre. Eagle with wreath in its beak at his feet. E in right field.
Mint mark: SMHT
3.95 gm., 22 mm.
RIC #75 (vol VI) and #5 (vol VII); Sear #15958.

This coin seems to be listed twice in RIC: #75 in Volume VI, and #5 in Volume VII.

RIC Volume VI (page 541) assigns this coin to the year 313, just before Maximinus (Daza) occupied the city of Heraclea for a month or so, during which he issued his own different coinage.

RIC Volume VII (page 542) assigns the coin to the period of time just after Maximinus withdrew from Heraclea and into the year 314. Page 533 says the coinage from before Maximinus' occupation continued after his withdrawal "with exactly the same reverse as before the occupation."

I can not tell the difference between these two listings and have to conclude they are the same coin. Either way, it is a nice coin from turbulent times in the history of Heraclea. The original silvering is still under that patina.
Callimachus
AE NERON Macedonia.jpg
14-20 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)50 viewsAE 24 (Provincial FEDERACIÓN de CIUDADES MACEDÓNICAS) 24 mm 7.0 gr.

Anv: "KAIΣAP NEPΩN" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda. Gráfila de puntos.
Rev: "MAKEΔONON ΣEBAΣTOΣ" - Leyenda alrededor de un escudo de guerra macedónico. Gráfila de puntos.

Ceca: Thessalónica

Referencias: GICTV #541 Pag.51 - BMC Vol.5 #146 Pag.27 - RPC #1614 - AMNG #242 - SNG Cop. #1335
mdelvalle
RPC_1614_Tesalonica_Neron.jpg
14-32 - Tesalonica - Macedonia - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)20 viewsAE 24 (Provincial FEDERACIÓN de CIUDADES MACEDÓNICAS) 24 mm 7.0 gr.

Anv: "KAIΣAP NEPΩN" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda. Gráfila de puntos.
Rev: "MAKEΔONON ΣEBAΣTOΣ" - Leyenda alrededor de un escudo de guerra macedónico. Gráfila de puntos.

Ceca: Thessalónica

Referencias: Sear GICTV #541 Pag.51 - BMC Vol.5 #146 Pag.27 - RPC #1614 - AMNG #242 - SNG Cop. #1335
mdelvalle
Constans_AE-4-Follis_DN-CONST-ANS-P-F-AVG-Cn17-D3_VOT_XX_MVLT_XXX_SMALGamma_RIC-VIII-34-p-541_Alexandria-340-AD_C2_Q-001_11h_15,5mm_2,11g-s.jpg
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VIII 034, -/-//SMALΓ, AE-4 Follis, VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX, In four lines within laurel wreath, #179 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Alexandria, RIC VIII 034, -/-//SMALΓ, AE-4 Follis, VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX, In four lines within laurel wreath, #1
avers:- CONSTAN-S-PF-AVG, Cn17, D3, Pearl-diademed bust right.
revers:- VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX, In four lines within laurel wreath.
exergo: -/-//SMALΓ, diamater:15,5mm, weight: 2,11g, axis: 11h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 340 A.D, ref: RIC-VIII-34, p-541,
Q-001
quadrans
541_P_Hadrian_RIC503.jpg
1471 Hadrian, Cistophorus Uncertain mint in Asia Minor Phrygia?. Minerva standing24 viewsReference.
RIC 503; Metcalf 118 400, RSC 194; RPC III, 1474

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare head, draped bust right.

Rev. COS III
Minerva standing slightly left holding a patera, spear and shield.

10.75 gr
30 mm
12h

Provenance:
ex. Terrance Cheesman collection.
okidoki
11719861_992209754146408_469386558_n.jpg
150 Antoninus Pius21 viewsAE As.
ANTONINVS AVG - PIVS P P TR P XXII, Laureate head right, COS - IIII, Togate figure standing left on pedestal in arched shrine, S C in ex
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
846_P_Hadrian_RPC1541.JPG
1541 MYSIA, Parium Hadrian Ae 20 Capricorn10 viewsreference.
RPC III, 1541;
Issue Coins with ethnic (CGIP, then CGIHP)

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIAN AVG
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., with paludamentum

Rev. COS III C G I P TRIB P
Capricorn with cornucopia, right

3.27 gr
20 mm
12h
okidoki
RI 160au img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 00412 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum (S | F / PLC), A.D. 313-314
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 4 (R1). Bastien XI 541 (54 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 160bf img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 0048 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INV-I-C-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum (S | F / PLC), A.D. 313-314
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 4 (R1). Bastien XI 541 (54 examples cited)
maridvnvm
1794_COVENTRY_CROSS_HALFPENNY.JPG
1794 AE Halfpenny Token. Coventry, Warwickshire.27 viewsObverse: PRO BONO PUBLICO. Lady Godiva riding side-saddle on horse to left; in exergue, 1794.
Reverse: COVENTRY HALFPENNY. Representation of Coventry's old town cross with COV CROSS in small letters at base.
Edge: PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF ROBERT REYNOLDS & CO.
Diameter 29.5mm | Axis 12
Dalton & Hamer: 249
RARE

This token was manufactured by William Lutwyche and the dies were engraved by William Mainwaring.
It was issued by Robert Reynolds & Co., who were ribbon weavers with a business in Coventry.

The original Coventry Cross stood at the place where Broadgate met Cross Cheaping, near Spicer Stoke, a very short row which led through from Broadgate to Butcher Row and Trinity church. Though it is likely that a cross had been standing in this place since the 13th century, the first actual record for the building of a cross was on 1st July 1423 when the Mayor, Henry Peyto, officially sanctioned that a new cross should be built. Although it was quite a substantial structure, within a century it was rather the worse for wear, and by 1506 discussions had begun about replacing it.
In 1541, the former mayor of London, Sir William Hollis, left £200 in his will toward the building of a new cross, and by 1544 the 57 foot high cross was completed. As well as being brightly painted, the cross was also covered with much gold and it was renowned for its fame and beauty. It was built in four sections, with statues in the top three storeys: the lower of these holding statues of Henry VI, King John, Edward I, Henry II, Richard I and Henry. Above these were Edward III, Henry II, Richard III, St Michael and St George. The top storey held statues of St Peter, St James, St Christopher and two monks, with representations of Liberty and Justice at the highest point. In 1608 repairs were carried out to the cross during which the figure of Christ was replaced with one of Lady Godiva. Possibly the obverse of this token is based on this statue since there is no record of there being any other Lady Godiva memorial statues before 1949.
After standing gloriously for two centuries, decay once more set into the cross and, in 1753 and 1755, the top two stages were removed to avoid the danger of collapse. By 1771 the cross was declared to be in too ruinous a state to retain, and it's demolition was authorised. The remains stood for a short while longer though, at least until after 1778 when a visitor to Coventry wrote that the decayed cross "...has no longer anything to please".
This token is dated 1794, but must depict the cross as it was in it's heyday before it was totally demolished and it's parts reused. Two of the statues from the cross now reside at St. Mary's Guildhall.
A modern replica of the cross was unveiled in 1976, it is situated about 100 metres away from the site of the original one.
*Alex
IMG_4541.JPG
193. Aelia Flaccilla (Wife of Theodosius I)18 viewsAv.: AEL FLACCILLA AVG
Rv.: SALVS REIPVBLICAE
Ex.: CON ?

AE Maiorina Ø23 / 4.2g
RIC IX 55 Constantinople
Scarce!
Juancho
DSC05412.JPG
1st- 2nd Century C.E. Drop Handle22 viewsHandles of this type were used either as a carrying handle for a legionary's helmet or drop handle for a chest. This drop handle complete with both holding pins which can still swivel was most likely used on a chest rather than helmet. Helmets had different pins than the ones seen here. Fiorenza21
3_021.JPG
200 Severus Alexander113 viewsSeverus Alexander AE Sestertius. 235 AD. IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / P M TR P XIIII COS III PP S C, Sol walking left, holding whip and raising right hand, cloak billowing out behind. RIC IV 541; BMCRE 964; Cohen 457 22.3 g

Better photo
8 commentsRandygeki(h2)
147_P_Hadrian__BMC_23.jpg
2541 PHRYGIA, Ancyra Sabina Ae 18 † 136 AD Cult statue of Artemis27 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2541; BMC 23-24; SGICV 1308; Lindgren 885

Obv. CEBACTH CABINA
Draped bust of Sabina, right

Rev. ANKYPANΩN
Cult statue of Artemis Ephesia with supports flanked by two stags

4.76 gr
18 mm
12h
okidoki
DSC05414.JPG
2nd- 3rd Century C.E. Beneficiarius Belt Terminal33 viewsA scarce belt terminal in the shape of a beneficiarius' spear. Made from a gray metal which is silvered. 11mm x 61mm.Fiorenza21
368_P_Hadrian.JPG
3724 SYRIA Antioch. Hadrian 129-30 AD Trichalkon Tyche of Antioch22 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3724; BMC 300; CRS 257; McAlee 541(c)

Obv. AVTOKP KAIC TPAIAN AΔPIANOC CEBAC
Laureate head right, drapery on far shoulder.

Rev. ΑΝΤΙΟΧΕωΝ ΤΗС ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛ(Ε)
Turreted and veiled head of the City of Antioch, to r.; no letter in field, r.

4.45 gr
18 mm
6h
okidoki
1133_P_Hadrian_RPC3725.jpg
3725 SYRIA Antioch. Hadrian 129-30 AD. Trichalkon Tyche of Antioch9 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3725; McAlee 541(a); CRS 258; Paris 436

Obv. AVTOKP KAIC TPAIAN AΔPIANOC CEBAC
Laureate head right, drapery on far shoulder

Rev. ΑΝΤΙΟΧΕωΝ ΤΗС ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛ A
Turreted and veiled bust of the City of Antioch, A to lower right.

4.37 gr
19 mm
12h
okidoki
DSC05416.JPG
3rd Century C.E. Baldric Fitting16 viewsPelta shaped baldric fitting, possibly a terminal. Remnant of one stud on the back. 42mm x 42mm.Fiorenza21
DSC05419.JPG
3rd Century C.E. Ring Buckle12 viewsRing buckle variant with iron deposit from it's now lost tongue. 48mm x 71mm.Fiorenza21
Augustus_thunderbolt.jpg
40 BC Octavian denarius165 viewsC CAESAR III VIR R P C
Bare haed of Octavian right

Q SALVIVS IMP COS DESIG
thunderbolt

Italy early 40 BC
3.43g

Sear 1541

SOLD!

David Sear says that this Q Salvius may be Quintus Salvius Salvidienus Rufus who was the boyhood friend and confidant of Octavian. In 42 BC Octavian made him admiral of his fleet and instructed him to attack Sextus Pompey in Sicily. Despite being beaten by Sextus he was granted the title of Imperator which appears on this coin.

After the battle of Philippi Salvidienus was given command of 6 Legions an sent to Spain however he quickly had to return to Italy to confront Fulvia (Antony's wife) and Lucius Antonius (Antony's brother). Salvidienus captured and destroyed the city of Sentinum and then moved on to Perusia with Agrippa to besiege Lucius Antony. At the end of the Perusian War Octavian sent Salvidienus to Gallia as Governor, with eleven legions. He was also designated as consul for 39 BC, although he had not reached senatorial rank.

Salvidienus proved to be unworthy of Octavian's trust and entered into secret negotiations with Mark Antony thinking that Antony would prevail. Unfortunately for Salvidienus, Antony and Octavian were reconciled and Antony informed Octavian of Salvidienus treachary. Antony's decision to inform on Salvidienus has been used to show his desire to settle the differences with Octavian. The senate declared Salvidienus a public enemy and shortly after he was killed, either by his own hand or by execution.
Jay GT4
44329.jpg
44329-Q. Marcius, C. Fabius and L. Roscius AR Denarius,7 viewsRoma/Quadriga
DENARIUS
Obv: Helmeted Head of Roma Right
X behind
Rev: Victory in galloping quadriga right, crowning horses with wreath,
ROMA below, R MAR C F L R in ex.
Mint: Rome 20.1mm 3.7G
Cr283/1a, Syd 541 Sear 159
1 commentsBlayne W
DSC05415.JPG
4th Century C.E. Amphora-Shaped Belt Terminal19 viewsHinged belt terminal in an amphora or phallic shape with ring dot decoration. 23mm x 46mm.Fiorenza21
DSC05413.JPG
4th Century C.E. Heart-shaped belt terminal19 viewsHeart-shaped belt terminal with split end which was riveted to the belt. 34mm x 35mmFiorenza21
572_P_Hadrian_Emmett803_2~0.jpg
5011 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Agathodaemon25 viewsReference.
Emmett 803.2; RPC III, 5011; Dattari 1541 , BMC 665

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. AVT KAI TPAI ΑΔΡΙΑ CEB
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.

Rev. L B
Agathodaemon erect, r., crowned with Skhent, enfolding caduceus and stalk of corn.

13.38 gr
25 mm
12h
okidoki
10Hadrian_RIC541.jpg
541 Hadrian Denarius Roma 119-23 AD Roma8 viewsReference.
RIC II, 78; Strack 121; RIC III, 541

Bust A1

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate bust right.

Rev. P M TR P COS III
Roma helmeted seated left on cuirass, holding Victory in right. hand and spear in left, shield behind.

3.3 gr
18.5 mm
h
2 commentsokidoki
520Hadrian_RIC541a.jpg
541 Hadrian Sestertius Roma 117 AD Fortuna107 viewsReference.
RIC 541a; BMCRE 1110; Cohen 751; Banti 409

Obv. IMP CAES DIVI TRA PARTH F DIVI NER NEP TRAIANO HADRIANO AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, baldric strap over shoulder and across chest.

Rev. PONT MAX TR POT COS FORT RED/S C in two lines in exergue
Fortuna, draped, seated left on low seat, holding rudder on ground in right hand and cornucopiae in left.

28.43 gr
34 mm
3 commentsokidoki
RIC_263_Denario_Julia_Maesa.jpg
58-01 - JULIA MAESA (218 - 222 D.C) 15 viewsHermana de Julia Domna y abuela de Heliogábalo y Severo Alejandro, Madre de Julia Soemias y Julia Mamaea.

AR Denario 19.5 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: "IVLIA MAESA AVG" - Busto vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: " PIETAS AVG " – Pietas (La Piedad) de pié a izq., portando una caja de incienso en la mano izq. y poniendo incienso con la der. en una altar encendido ubicado a sus piés.

Ceca: Roma
Acuñada: 218 - 220 D.C.
Rareza: Común

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte II #263 Pag.50 - DVM #10/1 Pag.210 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #7754 Pag.631 – BMCRE Vol.5 #73/4, Pag.541 – M.Thirion “Le Monnayage d’Elagabal (218-222)” #405 - Cohen Vol.IV #29 Pag.394 - RSC Vol. III #29, Pag.128
mdelvalle
Denario_Julia_Maesa_PIETAS_AVG.jpg
58-01 - JULIA MAESA (218 – 222 D.C) 57 viewsHermana de Julia Domna y abuela de Heliogábalo y Severo Alejandro, Madre de Julia Soemias y Julia Mamaea.

AR Denario 19.5 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: "IVLIA MAESA AVG" - Busto vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: " PIETAS AVG " – Pietas (La Piedad) de pié a izq., portando una caja de incienso en la mano izq. y poniendo incienso con la der. en una altar encendido ubicado a sus piés.

Ceca: Roma
Acuñada: 218 - 220 D.C.
Rareza: Común

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte II #263 Pag.50 - DVM #10/1 Pag.210 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #7754 Pag.631 – BMCRE Vol.5 #73/4, Pag.541 – M.Thirion “Le Monnayage d’Elagabal (218-222)” #405 - Cohen Vol.IV #29 Pag.394 - RSC Vol. III #29, Pag.128
1 commentsmdelvalle
17910811_10154754189164011_895183192_n-side.jpg
62 Julian II RIC 22523 viewsJulian II 360-363 AD. AE1 (Double Maiorina). Tessalonica Mint.362-363 AD. (29.30mm) Obv: D N FL CL IVLI-ANVS P F AVG, bearded, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. Rev: SECVRITAS REIPVB, bull standing right, head facing, two stars above. palm branch TESB palm branch in ex.
RIC 225
Actual name: Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus
Wildwinds: Julian II, "The Apostate": Caesar 355-360 AD, Augustus 360-363 AD. The last true "pagan" emperor who revered the ancient gods until the day he died in 363 from a javelin wound fighting the Persians.
Paddy
domitian_RIC318.jpg
81-96 AD - DOMITIAN AE semis - struck 85 AD 52 viewsobv: IMP DOMIT AVG GERM COS XI (bust of Apollo, draped, laureate right)
rev: lyre, S-C in field
ref: RIC II 318 (C), RSC 541 (3 frcs)
mint: 4.10gms, 21mm
Scarce

The lyre was the symbol of harmony and unity among men.
This orichalcum semis (= 2 quadrantes) was in the auction of Dr. Busso Peus, date: 3 November 2004. It’s the same what the coinarchives shows. Although in RIC this coin rate is common, I think it’s a bit scarcer.
1 commentsberserker
Marcian-Con-541-42.jpg
88. Marcian.17 viewsAE 4, 450 - 457, Constantinople mint.
Obverse: DN MARCIANVS P F AVG / Diademed, bust of Marcian.
Reverse: monogram.
Mint mark: CON
1.49 gm., 10.5 mm.
RIC #541/542; LRBC #2247; Sear #21395.
Callimachus
BMC_2336_Tetradracma_Claudio_II_Alejandría.jpg
94-60 - CLAUDIO GOTICO (268 - 270 D.C.)6 viewsALEJANDRIA - Egipto
Vellón Tetradracma 19 mm 9.7 gr.

Anv: ”AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB”, Busto laureado y vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: "L - Γ" =Año de acuñación =3, en ambos campos, Águila estante a der. con una guirnalda en su pico y hoja de palma detrás.

Acuñada: Ago - Sep. 270 D.C.

Referencias: Dattari #5413, Milne #4291, Geissen #3047, Curtis #1687, BMC Alexandria #2336 P.303, Sear RCTV #11458 P.412
mdelvalle
02541p00.jpg
95. Probus, Silvered Antoninianus133 viewsEF, 3.70 g, 21.8mm, 180º, Siscia Mint
O: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
R: RESIITVT ORBIS, female standing r, presenting Probus (holding globe and sceptre) with wreath
1 commentsZam
Justinian-Con-S-163.jpg
96. Justinian I.19 viewsFollis (40 nummia), 541, Constantinople mint.
Obverse: DN IVSTINIANVS P P AVG / Helmeted and cuirassed bust, facing; holding globe and cruciger. Cross at right.
Reverse: Large M, cross above, ANNO XIIII at sides, Γ between legs of M.
Mint mark: CON
22.82 gm., 38 mm.
Sear #163.

The large M is the Greek numeral 40 -- i.e. 40 nummia is the coin's denomination. The smaller Γ is the Greek numeral 3 -- i.e. the 3'rd officina of the mint at Constantinople. ANNO XIIII is Latin for Year 14 -- the 14'th year of Justinian's reign (541 AD).
In 541, things were going bad for the Empire -- trouble with the Goths in Italy, the Bulgars ravaging the Balkans, and the Persians invading from the east. Bubonic plague swept across the eastern Mediterranean in 541, reaching Constantinople in May 542, before going on to Italy and Gaul.
Callimachus
AE Radiado Diocleciano RIC 76a.jpg
A107-13 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)60 viewsAE Fracción radiada (post-reforma) 21 x 19 mm 2.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VOT / X X" - Leyenda en dos líneas dentro de una guirnalda de hojas. "B" en el campo central.

Acuñada 297 - 298 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off. 2da.)
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Roma) #76a Pag.359 - Cohen Vol.VI #541 Pag.476 - DVM #50 Pag.277 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7038a Pag.53
mdelvalle
RIC_77a_Fraccion_radiada_Diocleciano.jpg
A107-13 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)12 viewsAE Fracción radiada (post-reforma) 21 x 19 mm 2.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VOT / X X" - Leyenda en dos líneas dentro de una guirnalda de hojas. "B" en el campo central.

Acuñada 297 - 298 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off. 2da.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Roma) #76a (R) Pag.359 - Cohen Vol.VI #541 Pag.476 - DVM #50 Pag.277 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7038a Pag.53 - Sear RCV IV #12842 Pag.113
mdelvalle
Follis Licinio I RIC Heraclea 73D.jpg
A119-05 - LICINIO I (308 - 324 D.C.)44 viewsAE Follis 22 x 20 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG" - Cabeza laureada, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG" - Júpiter desnudo de pié a izquierda, su manto (Chlamys) colgando de su hombro izquierdo, portando Victoriola en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. Aguila con una corona en el pico parada a sus piés, a izquierdo con la cabeza vuelta hacia Júpiter. "SMHT" en exergo, "Δ" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 313 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off.4ta.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Heraclea) #73 Pag.541 - Cohen Vol.VII #108 Pag.200 - DVM #15 var Pag.286 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8009.c.2. Pag.138
mdelvalle
Centenional Teodora RIC VIII Trier 65P.jpg
A124 - 5 - Teodora 62 viewsAE4 Centenional reducido 14 mm 1.9 gr.

Hijastra de Maximiano y segunda esposa de Constancio I Cloro. Sus acuñaciones fueron realizadas póstumamente durante el reinado de los hijos de Constancio(337/340 D.C.), en este caso emisión realizada por Constantino II.

Anv: "FL MAX [THEO - DO]RAE AVG" - Busto con diadema laureada, vistiendo túnica ornamentada y collar formado por una hiladas de perlas, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PIETAS ROMANA" – Pietas (La Piedad) de pié de frente viendo a derecha, llevando un niño a su pecho. "·TRP·" en exergo.

Acuñada 337 - 340 D.C.
Ceca: Tréveri (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: C2

Referencias: RIC Vol.VIII (Trier) #65 Pag.143 - Cohen Vol.VII #4 Pag.99 DVM #1 Pag.280 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8541.a. Pag.202- Sear RCTV (1988) #3911
mdelvalle
Elis,_Achaean_League,_AR_Hemidrachm,_40-30_BC.jpg
Achaian League, Elis, 40-30 BC, AR Hemidrachm 7 viewsLaureate head of Zeus right, ΘPACYΛEΩN behind.
Wreath surrounding AX monogram in centre; FA monogram to left, ANTK monogram above and XE monogram to right, thunderbolt below.

BCD Peloponnesos 688; HGC 5, 541 (R1); Clerk 272; BMC 70; Sear GCV 2994.

(16 mm, 2.19 g, 11h).
John Jencek Ancient Coins & Antiquities; ex- Frank Kovacs Collection.
n.igma
Faustina_II_22.jpg
AE Dupondius, RIC 3, p.194, 1405a - Faustina II, Diana 29 viewsFaustina II
Dupondius, Rome mint, AD 154-156
Obv.: FAVSTINA AVG PII AVG FIL, draped bust right, head bare, hair waived and coiled on back of head
Rev.: S-C, Diana standing facing, head left, examining arrow in right hand, resting left hand on grounded bow, S - C flanking across below center field
AE, 11.83g, 26.0mm
Ref.: RIC III 1405a
Ex Forvm Ancient Coins Shop

for the same type, with different hairstyle, click here
shanxi
sear_163.jpg
AE follis Justinian I SB 16345 viewsObverse: DN IVSTINIANVS PP AVG (or similar) Helmeted and cuir. bust facing, holding gl. cr. and sheild, to r. cross.
Reverse: Large M bewteen ANNO and regnal year XU (15) cross above, officina letter "delta" Con in ex.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 541/2 CE
Sear 163 DO 37-61
32mm 22.70gm
wileyc
12187643_1022107541145388_3508276178395110819_n.jpg
Aeolis, Aegae AE17. 2nd - 1st Century BC. 15 viewsLaureate head of Apollo right [c/m eagle with spread wings in round countermark] / AIGAEWN, goat standing right. BMC 10, SNG Cop 10.
17mm, 3,8 gr.
Antonivs Protti
DES.jpg
Alexander III the Great 336 - 323 BC.12 viewsAlexander III the Great 336 - 323 BC. Region of Macedonia


Obv: Herakles clad in lion's skin head-dress right

Rev: AΛEΞANΔΡOY, club right above, bow in case below, dolphin left below.

Diameter: 17 mm. / Weight: 6,07 gms. / Material: Æ Bronze

Refs: Mueller 541, SNG Cop. 1057. Price 323
emporiton
Macedonian_Kingdom_4.PNG
Alexander the Great9 viewsKingdom of Macedonia, Alexander the Great

Macedonian Mint, c. 335-323 BC

Obverse: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin knotted at base of neck.

Reverse:ALEXANDROU above Club, Caduceus Above Bowcase.

Mueller 541, SNG Cop. 1057.

Weight: 5,5 grams Size: 17 mm Material: Orichalcum
Macedonian Warrior
140.jpg
Alexander the Great - Bronze Unit86 views336-323 B.C.
5.08 gm, 18 mm
Obv.: Head of Herakles right, in lion skin headdress
Rev.: AΛEΞANΔΡOΥ, club above, bow in case below,
dolphin in ex..
Macedonian mint
Price 323
(Muller 541; Drama 91; SNG Cop 1057)
4 commentsJaimelai
Constans_AE-4-Follis_DN-CONST-ANS-P-F-AVG-Cn17-D3_VOT_XX_MVLT_XXX_SMALGamma_RIC-VIII-34-p541_Alexandria-340-AD_C2_Q-001_11h_15,5mm_2,11g-s.jpg
Alexandria, RIC VIII 034, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-4 Follis, -/-//SMALΓ, VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX, In four lines within laurel wreath,62 viewsAlexandria, RIC VIII 034, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-4 Follis, -/-//SMALΓ, VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX, In four lines within laurel wreath,
avers:- CONSTAN-S-PF-AVG, Cn17, D3, Pearl-diademed bust right.
revers:- VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX, In four lines within laurel wreath.
exergo: -/-//SMALΓ, diamater:15,5mm, weight: 2,11g, axis: 11h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 340 A.D, ref: RIC-VIII-34, p-541,
Q-001
quadrans
V3808LG_Syria,_Antioch__Hadrian_AD_117-138,_AE_19_2.jpg
Antioch. AE 19.2mm, Tyche23 viewsHadrian A.D. 117-138, Syria, Antioch. AE 19.2mm (3.96g) AVTOKP KAIC TPAIAN AΔPIANOC CEBAC; Laur. head of Hadrian r., with slight drapery at neck/ ANTIOXEWN THC MHTPOΠOLE; Towered and veiled bust of Tyche r., A below chin. McAlee 541a; Ex Gert Boersema, photo credit Gert BoersemaPodiceps
5411_5412.jpg
Antiochus IV Epiphanes, AE, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟχΟΥ9 viewsAE
Antiochus IV Epiphanes
King: 175 - 164BC
15.0 x 13.0mm 2.00gr
O: NO LEGEND; Radiate and diademed head, right.
R: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, right, ΑΝΤΙΟχΟΥ, left; Tyche seated left on throne, holding Nike and scepter, dove at feet at left.
Exergue: Obverse: ΔΧ, behind bust.
richard-georgia 142506562840
9/20/17 10/10/17
Nicholas Z
As_medallion_BMC_541.jpg
As medallion BMC 541123 viewsObverse: IMPSEVALEXANDAVGIULIAMAMAEAAVG round edge
Busts face to face of Severus Alexander laureate (seen from the front), slightly bearded, draped (and cuirassed?) and Julia Mamaea draped wearing stephane, left hair in waves
MATAVG below busts
Reverse: (FELICITAS TEMPORVM)
Severus Alexander draped, holding globe and mappa, seated left on curule chair, being crowned with wreath by Victory draped, standing left, holding palm-branch; in front, Felicitas draped, standing front, head right, holding loing caduceus in right hand; background centre, female figure draped, standing front, head right, but this feature is lost because the coin has been holed.
BMC 541 (plate 19), RIC 661
Weight, 10.352g; Die axis, 12h
Ex Mabbott Collection (Schulman Galleries 1969, lot 4804)
2 commentsmix_val
5+.jpg
Augustus Denarius38 viewsLooks like the silver denarius :
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
Silver denarius, S 1592, RIC 541, BMC 664, uncertain Asia Minor mint, 3.850g, 20.1mm, 0o, 27 - 20 B.C.; obverse laureate head right, dot border; reverse AVGVSTVS, capricorn left, holding globe, cornucopia above, rudder below
1 commentsTanit
Augustus2.PNG
Augustus, AE 19mm, Uncertain mint in Syria.25 viewsObv.AVGVS TR dot POT, laureate head left.
Rev."Year 3[...]”, diademed male head left.
References: RPC I 5419; SNG Hunterian 4983.
21mm and 5.74 grams
Very rare.
Canaan
D1.jpg
Azes II - AR tetradrachm - Indo-Scythian Kingdom, c.60BC - c.AD5 80 viewsObverse:
King on horseback riding right, holding whip - 'BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN MAΓAΛOΥ AZOΥ'

Reverse:
Zeus/Poseidon standing right, trident in left over shoulder, right extended, monogram left, Kharosthi letter "SI"
- 'Maharajasa rajarajasa mahatasa Ayasa' (in Kharosthi)

Ref: Mitchiner vol. 6, p. 541, type 828; Smithsonian 237; BMC 100
1 commentsXerxes King of Kings
Baduila_ab2-001.jpg
Baduila - Rome - 10 nummi30 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 10 Nummi (19 mm, 6.46 g), minted in Rome. Obverse: frontal bust with helmet and Ostrogothic garment with pectoral cross, DN BADV-ILA REX. Reverse: the king with spear and schield, X in right field, FLVREAS SEMPER. Metlich 98b.Jan
Baduila.jpg
Baduila - Rome - 10 nummi36 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 10 Nummi (3.84 g), minted in Rome ca 549-552. Obverse: frontal bust with helmet and Ostrogothic garment, DN BADV-ILA REX. Reverse: DN B/ADV/ILA/REX. Metlich 97a.1 commentsJan
Baduila_lion_ab3.jpg
Baduila - Rome - 2 or 2 1/2 nummi80 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 2 or 2½ Nummi (10 mm, 0.82 g), minted in Rome 550-552. Obverse: frontal bust with helmet, DN BA-DVIL. Reverse: lion advancing right within wreath. Metlich 99.

The type with a lion on the reverse copies the preceeding denarius (MIBE 232) from the Rome mint, which may have been introduced by the Roman general Belisarius in connection with the ludi saeculares of the city in 547; the 1300th anniversary of Rome's foundation. The type was continued to be used after Baduila captured Rome in January 550 and it may be related to the circus games that he is known to have presented in the city.
Jan (jbc)
Baduila_ab~0.jpg
Baduila - Rome - 2 or 2 1/2 nummi65 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 2 or 2½ Nummi (10 mm, 1.00 g), minted in Rome 550-552. Obverse: frontal bust with unusually large helmet, (...)-REX. Reverse: lion advancing right. Metlich 99.

Undescribed variant with obverse legend (…)-REX, instead of the usual DN BAD-VEL or DN BA-DV.

Ex Numismatica Tintinna Auction 10, lot 2511, 2011.

1 commentsJan (jbc)
Baduila2_ab.jpg
Baduila - Ticinum - 2 or 2 1/2 nummi76 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 2 or 2½ Nummi (11 mm, 1.17 g), Ticinum. Obverse: bust right, apparently no legend. Reverse: monogram of Baduila. Metlich 94; MIB I 87; MEC 1, 163.

This coin is unusually heavy with a weight intermediate between 2.5 and 5 nummi coins.

Ex Gitbud & Naumann 2013
3 commentsJan (jbc)
Baduila_ab.jpg
Baduila - Ticinum - 2 or 2 1/2 nummi145 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 2 or 2½ Nummi (9 mm, 0.67 g, 6 h), Ticinum. Obverse: diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, [DN ANASTA]SIVS. Reverse: monogram of Baduila. Metlich 94; MIB I 87; MEC 1, 163.

Ex. Giamba collection; Ex. CNG 225, lot 613, 2010
2 commentsJan (jbc)
Baduila_DN_REX_B.jpg
Baduila - Ticinum - 2 or 2 1/2 nummi115 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 2 or 2½ Nummi (8 mm, 0.82 g), Ticinum. Obverse: bust right, [DN ANASTAS]IVS. Reverse: D N REX/B in two lines. Metlich 95b.

This type is believed to have been introduced after the one with Baduila's monogram. It was also introduced before the reopening of the mint in Rome by the Ostrogoths in 549/550. The Fontana Liri hoard contains coins of this type, but not the type with a lion on the reverse that is attributed to Rome (Metlich).

Ex. Gitbud & Naumann 2010
1 commentsJan (jbc)
Baduila4_ab.jpg
Baduila - Ticinum - 2 or 2 1/2 nummi40 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 2 or 2½ Nummi (9 mm, 0.75 g), Ticinum. Obverse: bust right, [...]I AVC. Reverse: D N REX/B in two lines. Metlich 95b.

Ex Bruun Rasmussen 1237, lot 5031, 2012.
Jan (jbc)
Baduila_quarter_siliqua.jpg
Baduila - Ticinum - quarter siliqua48 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). AR quarter siliqua (11 mm, 0.41 g) minted in Ticinum in the name of Justinian I. Obverse: diademed bust right, (…)NV IIVC. Reverse: D N BADVILA REX in four lines within wreath. Metlich 68.1 commentsJan
Baduila_quarter_siliqua_ab.jpg
Baduila - Ticinum - quarter siliqua76 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). AR quarter siliqua (10 mm, 0.36 g) in the name of Justinian I, minted in Ticinum. Obverse: bust right with cross-topped diadem, D N IVSTIN-IVS PF AVC. Reverse: Monogram of Baduila, D above, N below, all within wreath. Metlich 67b, r3 (< three coins listed by Metlich).

Ex Inasta Auction 47, lot 421, 2012
1 commentsJan (jbc)
20191120iED541uJYq6oJRrG_9Lr2t_largeddddd.jpeg
Bavaria, Ludwig II, 5 marks, 1876D.2 viewsMunich mint. KM#896;Y.32; Dav.616.Russel K
DSC05413.JPG
BMC Thrace Sarmatia, 5th Century BC22 viewsSize: 24.56 mm
Weight: 2.2 grams
Description: An interesting early cast coinage from the shores of the Black Sea. Even in modern times The Black Sea still contains one of the largest populations of bottlenose dolphins
CGPCGP
541c.jpg
bmc---217 viewsElagabalus
Laodicea ad Mare, Syria

Obv: ΑΥΤ Κ Μ ΑΥΡ ΑΝΤΩΝƐΙΝΟC, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ΛΑΟΔΙΚƐΩΝ ΝΕΩΚΟΡΩΝ, winged Tyche Pantheia standing facing, looking left, wearing kalathos, holding ears of corn, cornucopia and rudder.
24 mm, 5.69 gms

BMC ---, RPC Online 5512
1 commentsCharles M
Screenshot_2019-01-10_16_00_47.png
Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, AE Half Follis.15 viewsConstantinople Year 15 = 541-542 A.D. 10.54g - 28.1mm, Axis 6h.

Obv: DN IVSTINIANVS PP AVG - Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding cross on globe and shield; cross in right field.

Rev: Large K, ANNO to left, cross above, regnal year XU to right, officina letter Ɛ below.

SB 165; DOC 62.
Christian Scarlioli
1784__Numismatik_Naumann,_Auction_80_#2.jpg
cibyra002a2 viewsElagabalus
Cibyra, Phrygia

Obv: ΑV Κ Μ ΑVΡ ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝΟС, radiate draped bust right
Rev: ΚΙΒΥΡΑ →ΤΩΝ, basket.
20 mm, 3.68 gms

RPC Online 5412, BMC 64, Numismatik Naumann Auction 80, Lot 407 (this coin)
Charles M
Claudius_II_Gothicus_Eagle_Alexandria_Tetradrachm~0.JPG
Claudius II Gothicus Eagle Alexandria Tetradrachm25 viewsEGYPT. Alexandria. Claudius II Gothicus. 268-270 AD. Billon Tetradrachm (21mm - 10.2g). Dated year 1 (268/9 AD). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Eagle standing right, head turned left, holding wreath in beak. Köln 3015; Dattari 5414; Milne 4225; Emmett 3878.
Romanorvm
Claudius_II,_tetradrachm,_eagle_head_left_LA.JPG
Claudius II, year 1 (2)32 viewsClaudius II, 268-270 AD, AE tetradrachm 268-69, Alexandria, Egypt. 23 mm, 9.0 g
Obverse: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, laureate draped bust right, Reverse: L-A (year 1); Eagle stg.r., head l., wreath in beak. Dattari 5414, BMC 2331, Milne 4225. ex areich, photo credit areich
1 commentsPodiceps
claudiusII,_LB.jpg
Claudius II, year 2, head right15 viewsClaudius II, 268-270 AD, AE tetradrachm. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4248, Curtis 1683, Dattari 5417, Geissen 3028, BMC Alexandria 2333, VF, Alexandria mint, 8.187 grams, 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, 29 Aug 269 - 28 Aug 270 A.D.; obverse AVT K K“L”AV“D”IOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse eagle standing left, looking back, holding wreath in beak, date L-B (year 2) across field; ex FORVMPodiceps
1541.jpg
Claudius II- VIRTVS AVG29 viewsAE Antoninianus, Mediolanum Mint, 22mm, 5.0g. Rx: VIRTVS AVG, Mars walking right holding spear and trophy, P in exergue.

RIC172.
SkySoldier
Commodus2.jpg
Commodus Sestertius34 viewsCommodus Æ Sestertius. Struck 181-182 AD.
Laureate head right, seen from behind / Annona standing left, holding statuette over modius containing five grain ears, & cornucopiae; stern of ship, decorated with figure of Victory & containing two figures, behind.

RIC III 325a; MIR 18, 541-6/30; cf. Cohen 836.
Tanit
cons_iovi_6a.jpg
CONSTANTINE I AE Follis14 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG; Laureate head right
REVERSE: IOVI CONSER-VATORI AVGG; Jupiter stg. facing, head l., chlamys hanging from l. shoulder, r. holding Victory on globe, l. leaning on scepter; eagle with wreath in beak at feet to l. In right field B; SMHT in ex
Struck at Heraclea 312 AD
3.1g, 22mm
RIC VI Heraclea 75, p. 541
Ex JAZ Numismatics
Legatus
054~10.JPG
Drachme - cheval/quadrupede (?), -100/-5011 viewsArgent, 2,21 g, 15 mm.
A/ Tête à gauche
R/ Cheval galopant à droite, quadrupède dessous (?).
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3825 ; BnF 3825 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 152 ; DT 3541
Cet exemplaire semble avoir été frappé avec des coins de statère.
Gabalor
077.JPG
Drachme - cheval/quadrupede (?)/volute, -100/-5024 viewsArgent, 1,95 g, 11 mm
A/ Tête à gauche
R/ Cheval galopant à droite, quadrupède dessous (?), volute dessus.
Réfs : Dicomon ARV-3825 ; BnF 3825 ; Depeyrot 2004, type 152 ; DT 3541
Gabalor
10001541.jpg
DYNASTS of LYCIA,Perikles AR Stater circa 380-360 BC 9.77g SNG von Aulock 425326 viewsHead of Perikles facing three-quarters left with flowing hair,.Rev warrior advancing right wearing Corinthian helmet,brandishing sword and shield.
Stacks & Bowers NYINC LOT 21039.
NGC AU,4/5 4/5
One of four obverse dies.
Grant H
EB0072b_scaled.JPG
EB0072 Artemis / With stag7 viewsPerge, PAMPHYLIA, Hemidrachm, 200-100 BC.
Obverse: Laureate head of Artemis right, quiver behind neck.
Reverse: ΠEΡΓAIA[Σ] [AΠTEMIΔOΣ], Artemis standing left with wreath and sceptre, stag at her feet.
References: Sear 5416, SNG Cop 300.
Diameter: 13mm, Weight: 2.063g.
EB
EB0541_scaled.JPG
EB0541 Nero / Corn12 viewsNero AE 18 of Tralles, Lydia, 60 AD.
Obv: NEΡΩN [KAIΣAΡ], bare head right.
Rev: [KAIΣAΡEΩN], bundle of four corn-ears.
References: RPC I 2657.
Diameter: 17.5mm, Weight: 2.949 grams.
EB
EB0654_scaled.JPG
EB0654 Claudius II Gothicus / Eagle7 viewsClaudius II Gothicus 268-270, billon tetradrachm of Alexandria, year 2 = 269-270.
Obverse: AVT K KΛΑVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: Eagle standing right, head left, holding wreath in beak; L-B.
References: Köln 3027; Dattari 5415; Kampmann & Ganschow 104.17.
Diameter: 22mm Weight: 9.61g
EB
EB0656_scaled.JPG
EB0656 Claudius II Gothicus / Eagle9 viewsClaudius II Gothicus 268-270, billon tetradrachm of Alexandria, year 1 = 268-269.
Obverse: AVT K KΛΑVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: Eagle standing right, head left, with wreath in its beak, LA to right.
References: Dattari 5414; Milne 4205; BMC 2331.
Diameter: 21mm Weight: 9.95g
EB
EB0657_scaled.JPG
EB0657 Claudius II Gothicus / Eagle10 viewsClaudius II Gothicus 268-270, billon tetradrachm of Alexandria, year 2 = 269-270.
Obverse: AVT K KΛΑVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: Eagle standing right, head left, with wreath in its beak, L-B.
References: Dattari 5415.
Diameter: 21mm Weight: 8.59g
EB
Alex_Q-001_axis-0h_20-20,5mm_9,26g-s.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-5411, LA//--, Tyche seated left, #170 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-5411, LA//--, Tyche seated left, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: LA above, Tyche reclining left on draped and garlanded couch, holding the rudder in right hand.
exergue: LA//--, diameter: 20-20,5mm, weight: 9,26g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 268-269 A.D., Year 1. LA., ref: Geissen-, Dattari-5411, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.14-p-328,
Q-001
quadrans
104_Claudius-II__Gothicus_(268-270_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3015,_D-5414,_Alexandria,_Eagle_standing_right,_LA_in_left(Y-1,268_AD)_Q-001_0h_21-22,5mm_8,54g-s~0.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3015, D-5414, -/LA//--, Eagle standing right, #1145 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3015, D-5414, -/LA//--, Eagle standing right, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, draped bust right.
reverse: Eagle standing right, head left with wreath in its beak, LA in the left field.
exergue: -/LA//--, diameter: 21,0-22,5mm, weight: 8,54g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 268-269 A.D., Year 1. LA., ref: Geissen- 3015, Dattari-5414, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.01-p-327,
Q-001
quadrans
104_Claudius-II__Gothicus_(268-270_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3015v,_D-5414v,_Alexandria,_Eagle_standing_right,_LA_in_left(Y-1,268_AD)_Q-001_11h_21,5mm_10,35g-s~0.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3015v., D-5414v., -/LA//--, Eagle standing right, #1160 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3015v., D-5414v., -/LA//--, Eagle standing right, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. (Bust variation!)
reverse: Eagle standing right, head left with wreath in its beak, LA in the left field.
exergue: -/LA//--, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 10,35g, axes: 11h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 268-269 A.D., Year 1. LA., ref: Geissen- 3015v., Dattari-5414v., Kapmann-Ganschow-104.01v.-p-327,
Q-001
quadrans
104_Claudius-II__Gothicus_(268-270_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3027,_D-5415,_Alexandria.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3027, D-5415, L/B//--, Eagle standing right, #1104 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3027, D-5415, L/B//--, Eagle standing right, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle standing right, head left with wreath in its beak, L-B across the field,
exergue: L/B//--, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 11,21g, axes: 11 h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 269-270 A.D., Year 2. L-B., ref: Geissen- 3027, Dattari-5415, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.17-p-328,
Q-001
quadrans
104_Claudius-II__Gothicus_(268-270_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3028,_D-5417,_KG-104_16_Alexandria,_Eagle_standing_left,_L-B_,_269-270_(Y-2)-Q-001_0h_21-21,5mm_9,02g-s~0.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3028, D-5417, L/B//--, Eagle standing left, #1117 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3028, D-5417, L/B//--, Eagle standing left, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle standing left, head right with wreath in its beak, L-B across the field,
exergue: L/B//--, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 9,02g, axes: 0 h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 269-270 A.D., Year 2. L-B., ref: Geissen- 3028, Dattari-5418, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.16-p-328, Milne 4248, Curtis 1683, BMC-Alexandria 2333,
Q-001
quadrans
Quintillus_01.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 270, Quintillus12 viewsQuintillus
Alexandria
Tetradrachm
Obv.: A K M A KΛ KVINTIΛΛOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: L–A (year 1), Eagle standing right, head left, holding wreath in beak
AE, 8.42 g, 20.5 mm
Ref.: Dattari 5419, Milne 4298, Geissen 3050

shanxi
2828F6C8-E194-4826-818B-185B3659D1CD.jpeg
EGYPT, Alexandria. Julia Mamaea.10 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Julia Mamaea. Augusta, AD 222-235. Potin Tetradrachm (24mm, 12.91 g, 12h). Dated RY 13 of Severus Alexander (AD 233/234). Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia; palm frond to right; L Γ (date) to upper left. Köln 2541 var. (obv. legend); Dattari (Savio) 4523; K&G 64.122; Emmett 3230.13.ecoli
Hadrian_Euthenia_Demeter.jpg
Emmett 0941 - Hadrianus AE33 Drachm, Demeter & Euthenia standing r20 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian. 117-138 AD. Æ Drachm (33mm, 23.42 gm). Dated RY 17 (132/133 AD). Laureate and draped bust right / L-I-Z, Demeter standing right, holding torch and grain ears facing Euthenia standing left, holding grain ears and sceptre. Ref cfr Köln 1110; Dattari 1669-1670 ; Emmett 941.17 ; Kampmann 32.541 mattpat
DSC05415.JPG
EUBOEA, Histiaea. Circa 196-146 BC71 viewsAR Tetrobol
Obverse: Head of nymph Histiaea right
Reverse: ISTI-AIEON, nymph seated right on prow; wing on galley
1.4 g, 13 mm

exNumismatic Lanz.
1 commentsCGPCGP
MISC_France_Francois_I_Liard.JPG
France (Royal). Francis I (1515-1547)11 viewsBillon (179 parts per million AR) liard (valued at 3 deniers tournois). Struck 1541 in Limoges. .81 g., 16.51 mm. max., 0°

Cianni 1181, LaFaurie 790, Duplessy 930, Sombart 4290, Roberts 3331

Obv.: + FRAN : D : G : FRANC : REX : D . . . (pellet under 2nd N [10th letter], signifying Limoges), crowned F.

Rev.: + SIT : NOMEN DNI : BENEDIC . . . (= Blessed be the name of the Lord) (pellet under 2nd N [10th letter], signifying Limoges), cross with I (= Limoges mintmark) beneath.
Stkp
65249p00.jpg
Gela, Sicily, c. 339 - 310 B.C.11 viewsBronze AE 16, 3.354g, 15.9mm, 90o, Gela mint, c. 339 - 310 B.C.
Obv: Youthful head of Herakles wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress.
Rev: Bearded head of the River God of Gelas right, wearing a reed wreath.
Ref: Calciati III p. 28, 56; Jenkins Gela 541, SNG München 323, SNG ANS -
VF
Rare
mjabrial
HADRDU07-2.jpg
Hadrian, RIC 541, Dupondius of AD 117 (Fortuna)25 viewsÆ dupondius (11.6g, 26mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 117.
Obv.: IMP CAES DIVI TRA PARTH F DIVI NER NEP TRAIANO HADRIANO AVG radiate bust of Hadrianus right, drapery on left shoulder.
Rev.: PONT MAX TR POT COS (around), FORT RED / S C (in two lines in ex.), Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopiae.
RIC 541; Coh. 752; Strack 505
ex G. Henzen (Netherlands, 1996)

FORTuna REDux, is the personification of the safe and successful return of the Roman emperor departing for travel. Hadrian was on travel when he became emperor and would arrive in Rome in april 118.
Charles S
4540_(1)_4541_(1).jpg
Hadrian, Tetradrachm, Nilus23 viewsBI Tetradrachm
Hadrian
Augustus: 117 - 138AD
Issued: 134/5AD (Year 19)
22.9mm 9.79gr
O: AVT KAIC TPAIAN AΔPIANOC CEB; Laureate head, left.
R: NO LEGEND; Bust of Nilus, right wearing tainia, slight drapery.
Exergue: L εN NεΑΚΔ (date, Year 19), around; cornucopia, behind.
Alexandria, Egypt, Mint
Koln 1147; Dattari (Savio) 7450-1; K&G 32.619; Emmett 875.19; Milne 1454var; BMC 644.
bronzemat
5/12/17 5/24/17
2 commentsNicholas Z
DSC01899.JPG
INDIA - Panchala Kingdom - Quarter Karshapana - INDIRAMITRA - RARE COIN - 2.78gm11 viewsObverse Lord Indra standing on a pedestal, within an archway
Reverse Three Panchala symbols in a row, with name below in Brahmi script: Indramitrasa
Date c. 1st century BCE - 1st century CE (highly uncertain)
Weight 2.78 gm.
Diameter 13 mm.
Die axis 12 o'clock
Reference MAC 4541, Shrimali Type B
Comments
The Panchala series is one of the most interesting of the ancient India coin series, because it is quite long and the kings are named on them. Unfortunately, we know very little about the chronology. The order of kings is not known and even the dates of the series are still debated. It appears the series belongs in the post-Mauryan period, but further details are still unavailable.

The quarter karshapanas seem to be scarcer than the halves.

You can see a catalog of Panchala coins on the CoinIndia website.

See legend below: I ndra mi tra sa
Antonivs Protti
20171209_054045419_iOS.jpg
Julian II15 viewsMatthew H
5413_5414.jpg
Julian II, AE4, SPES REIPVBLICE6 viewsAE4
Julian II
Caesar: 355 - 360AD
Augustus: 360 - 363AD
Issued: 355 - 360AD
17.0 x 16.0 2.30gr
O: DN IVLIAN-VS NOB CAES; Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: SPES REI-PVBLICE; Julian standing left, in military dress, holding globe and scepter.
Exergue: TCON
Arelate Mint
RIC VIII 276
Aorta: B4, O9, R10, T7, M4.
lucernae
9/13/17 10/10/17
Nicholas Z
tarkondimotosI_SNGaulock5413.jpg
Kingdom of Cilicia, Tarkondimotos I, SNG von Aulock 541319 viewsKingdom of Cilicia, Tarkondimotos I, 39-31 BC
AE 20, 7.93g, 20.29mm, 300°
Hieropolis-Kastabala
obv. head, diademed, r.
rev. Zeus Nikephoros, in himation, enthroned l., resting with raised l. hand on sceptre and
holding in extended r. hand small Nike holding wreath
in r. and l. field (both top down) BASILEWS - TARKONDIMO / TOV
beneath FILANTWNIOV
ref. SNG von Aulock 5413; BMC Cilicia p.37, 1; RPC I, 3871; SGIC 5682; not in SNG
Copenhagen
F+, blue-green patina

Tarkondimotos was a dreaded Cilician pirate and then made ruler of Amanos by Pompejus. He was follower of Julius Caesar, then of his murderer Cassius and finally of Marcus Antonius. Marcus Antonius crowned him as king and he took the cognomen Philantonius, friend of Antonius. He died in the battle of Actium.
Jochen
Philopator~1.jpg
Kings of Cilicia, Philopator. 20 BC-17 AD7 viewsKings of Cilicia, Philopator. 20 BC-17 AD. Æ 23mm. 7.11g. Veiled & turreted bust of Tyche right; A on veil / Athena standing left, holding Nike & shield; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΟΠΑ / ΤΟΡΟΣ, monogram right. SNG Levante 1259; SNG France 1917; SNG von Aulock 5414. RPC_3872ddwau
Philopator.jpg
Kings of Cilicia, Philopator. 20 BC-17 AD.12 viewsKings of Cilicia, Philopator. 20 BC-17 AD. Æ 23mm. 8.62g. Veiled & turreted bust of Tyche right; A on veil / Athena standing left, holding Nike & shield; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΟΠΑ / ΤΟΡΟΣ, monogram right. SNG Levante 1259; SNG France 1917; SNG von Aulock 5414. RPC_3872ddwau
Philopator~0.jpg
Kings of Cilicia, Philopator. 20 BC-17 AD.10 viewsKings of Cilicia, Philopator. 20 BC-17 AD. Æ 22.5 to 24mm. 8.81g. Veiled & turreted bust of Tyche right; A on veil / Athena standing left, holding Nike & shield; ΒΑCΙΛΕΩC ΦΙΛΟΠΑ / ΤΟΡΟC, monogram right. SNG Levante 1259; SNG France 1917; SNG von Aulock 5414. RPC_3872ddwau
Philopator~2.jpg
Kings of Cilicia, Philopator. 20 BC-17 AD.15 viewsKings of Cilicia, Philopator. 20 BC-17 AD. Æ 21.5 - 23mm. 7.32g. Veiled & turreted bust of Tyche right; A on veil / Athena standing left, holding Nike & shield; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΟΠΑ / ΤΟΡΟΣ, monogram right. SNG Levante 1259; SNG France 1917; SNG von Aulock 5414. RPC_3872ddwau
4257_(1)_4258_(1).jpg
Klazomenai, Ionia, AE15, ΚΛΑΖΟΜΕΝΙΩΝ25 viewsAE15
15.0mm 3.10gr
O: NO LEGEND; Helmeted head of Athena, right.
R: ΚΛΑΖΟΜΕΝΙΩΝ; Ram recumbent, right.
SNG Cop 64.
treasures_of_the-ancient_world 230990497541
6/6/13 4/30/17
2 commentsNicholas Z
hostilius_saserna_Cr448_3.jpg
L. Hostilius Saserna, Crawford 448/335 viewsRoman Republic, L. Hostilius Saserna, gens Hostilia
AR - Denarius, 3.38g, 18.7mm, 35°
Rome, 48 BC
obv. Bare head of Pallor, with dishavelled hair, falling down, behind a wind instrument
rev. Cult statue of Diana Ephesus, stg. frontal, laureate, long hair falling down over her
shoulders, long floating garment, resting with raised l, hand on spear and holding with r.
hand stag, stg. l., at antlers
in l. field SASERNA in a curve upward, r. L.HOSTILIVS downward
ref.: Crawford 448/3; Sydenham 953; Hostilia 4; Sear Imperators 19; BMCRR Rome 3996;
SRCV I, 419; Kestner 3541
scarce, well centered, toned, some flat areas
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

The rev. of this coin refers to the conquest of Massilia (Marseille) by Julius Caesar 1 year before at the begin of his war against Pompeius after a siege and a naval battle. Artemis Ephesia was particularly worshipped in Massilia, an ancient Greek foundation, and had its own temple.

The obv. is disputed. Today you often can read that the depicted portraits of the Hostilius coins represent Gallia and Vercingetorix. But that the Romans put on the obv. of their coins the portrait of their enemies would be very unusual. I went into the matter and actually these designations came into vogue not before the end of the 19th century, and of cause in France, when the French national sentiment was at its height. And naturally coins with the name of Vercingetorix are selling much better than without, especially today in the time of Asterix.
2 commentsJochen
coin541.JPG
Licinius I IOVI CONSERVATORI Cyzicus13 viewsRIC VII Cyzicus 9 C
ecoli
5417_5148.jpg
Licinius I, Follis, SOLI INVICTO COMITI9 viewsAE Follis
Licinius I
Augustus: 308 - 324AD
Issued: 314 - 315AD
20.0mm 4.38gr
O: IMP LICINIVS PF AVG; Laureate, cuirassed bust, right.
R: SOLI INVICTO COMITI; Sol standing left, raising right hand and holding globe in left hand.
Exergue: R over X, left field; F, right field; RP, below line.
Rome Mint
Aorta: 823: B12, O18, R53, T68, M11.
zurqieh_dubai 291202330436
7/23/15 2/3/17
Nicholas Z
0631-310np_noir.jpg
Licinius II, AE379 viewsNicomedia mint, 4th officina, AD 317-318
D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, draped and diademed bust right
PROVIDENTIA CAESS, Jupiter standing left, holding victory and sceptre, palm at his feet, dot and Δ in right field. SMN at exergue
3.19 gr
Ref : RCV # 115419 (75) Cohen # 39, RIC VII # 33-34
Potator II
M_A_Macedon.jpg
Macedon, Marcus Aurelius14 viewsMarcus Aurelius, 161-180 AD, Struck at the mint of Macedon.
Obverse: Laureate bust emperor to right.
Reverse: Winged Thunderbolt, bronze of 23 mm, 5.86 grams.

S. 1541. B.M.C. 5. 28, 156.


SkySoldier
Marcus_Aurelius-Q-001p-s.jpg
Macedonia, Macedonian Koinon, 037 Marcus Aurelius (161-180 A.D.), BMC 156, AE-24, Winged thunderbolt,85 viewsMacedonia, Macedonian Koinon, 037 Marcus Aurelius (161-180 A.D.), BMC 156, AE-24, Winged thunderbolt,,
avers:- KAICAP-ANTΩNINOC, Bare head right.
revers:- KOINON-MAKEΔONΩN, Winged thunderbolt.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 9,56g, axis: 0h,
mint: Macedonia, Macedonian Koinon, date: 161-180 A.D., ref: Moushmov 5889, BMC 156, SNG Cop 1342, SGI 1541,
Q-001
quadrans
DSC05411.JPG
MILETOS, 6th cent BC39 viewsAR 1/12 Stater, S3532-33
lion forepart/star pattern
CGPCGP
markianopolis_commodus_Pick541.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 10. Commodus, HrJ (2014) 6.10.38.01100 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 22, 4.96g, 21.79mm, 45°
obv. AV KL AVR - KOMODOC
bust, bearded, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. MARKIANOP - OLEITWN
Tyche Euposia, in long garment and mantle, wearing kalathos, stg. frontal, head l., holding cornucopiae in l.
arm and rudder in r. Hand; the small faintly-drawn baby Ploutos in the crook of Tyche's left arm
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 541 corr. (2 ex., St.Petersburg, Mionnet)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 709
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No.6.10.38.1
d) RPC IV online temp. no. 4320
VF+, exceptional portrait of Commodus

The obv. of Pick's coin was worn. So he hasn't seen the laurel-wreath. Thanks to archivum for pointing us to Plutos!
2 commentsJochen
markianopolis_commodus_HrJ(2014)6_10_38_2.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 10. Commodus, HrJ (2014) 6.10.38.02 6 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 22, 5.86g, 22.06mm, 15°
obv. AV.K.L.AVR - KOMODOC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. MARKIANOP - O - LEITWN
Tyche Euposia in long garment and mantle, wearing kalathos, stg. frontal, head l., holding in l. arm cornucopiae
and in extended r. hand rudder; on lower part of the cornucopiae infant Ploutos is seated l.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 541 var. (different legend break on rev., Ploutos not mentioned!)
b) Varbanov 709 (same dies, Ploutos not mentioned)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) 6.10.38.2
d) not in Pfeiffer (2014)
scarce, F/F+, corroded
Jochen
markianopolis_commodus_AMNG541cf.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 10. Commodus, HrJ (2014) 6.10.38.03 #1 (plate coin)43 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 22, 5.84g, 22.13g, 0°
obv. AV K.L.AVR. - KOMODOC
bust, bearded, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. MARKIANO - P - OLEITWN
Tyche Euposia, in long garment and mantle, wearing kalathos (or mural crown?), stg. frontal, head l., holding cornucopiae in l.
arm and rudder in r. hand; the small faintly-drawn baby Ploutos in the crook of Tyche's left arm
ref. a) cf. AMNG I/1, 541 (different legend break on rev.)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 709
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.10.38.3 (plate coin)
VF, nice green Patina

Thanks to archivum for pointing us to Plutos!
Jochen
markianopolis_commodus_HrJ(2013)6_10_38_3_#2.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 10. Commodus, HrJ (2014) 6.10.38.03 #211 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 24, 5.35g, 24.43mm, 330°
obv. AV.K.L.AVR - KOMODOC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. MARKIANO - POLEITWN
Tyche Euposia in long garment and mantle, wearing kalathos, stg. frontal, head l., holding in l. arm cornucopiae and in extended r. hand rudder; on lower part of the cornucopiae infant Ploutos is seated l.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 541 var. (different legend break on rev., Ploutos not mentioned!)
b) Varbanov 709 (same dies, Ploutos not mentioned)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) 6.10.38.3 #2
d) Pfeiffer (2013) 6 var. (has only POLEITW without N, but probably a blocked die)
about VF, nice green patina
Jochen
041_Commodus_(177-192_A_D_),_AE-23_IY-K_A_AYP-KOMMODOC_MAPKIANOPOLEITON_Markianopolis_Q-001_2h_22,5mm_6,87ga-s.jpg
Moesia, Markianopolis, 041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), Hristova-Jekov (2014) 06.10.38.02., AE-23, MAPKIANO ΠOΛЄIΤΩΝ, Tyche standing left,111 viewsMoesia, Markianopolis, 041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), Hristova-Jekov (2014) 06.10.38.02., AE-23, MAPKIANO ΠOΛЄIΤΩΝ, Tyche standing left,
avers: AY K•Λ•AYP KOMOΔOC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: MAPKIANO ΠO ΛЄIΤΩΝ, Tyche Euposia standing left, holding a ship's rudder and a cornucopiae and infant in crook of left arm.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 6,87g, axis:2h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: A.D., ref: Moushmov 366, Pick (AMNG) 541, Varbanov (engl) I.-709, Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.10.38.2, p-21,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
DSC05419.JPG
Myrina27 views2 coins
Obverse: Apollo right
reverse: amphora , SGCV II 4221
CGPCGP
4540_4541.jpg
Nerva, As, FORTVNA AVGVST8 viewsAE As
Nerva
Augustus: 96 - 98AD
Issued: 97AD
28.79mm 11.33gr
O: IMP NERVA CAES AVG PM TR P COS III P P; Laureate head, right.
R: FORTVNA AVGVST; Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia.
Exergue: S, left field; C, right field.
Rome Mint
RIC 83
Aorta: 151: b1, O7, R14, T8.
ancient-treasures 190903173271
9/22/13 4/3/17
Nicholas Z
otacil_1.jpg
OTACILIA SEVERA32 viewsAE 28. Heliopolis. 244-249 AD. 18.09 gr.7 h. Diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders. OTACILIA SEVERA AVG. /
Tyche standing facing, holding rudder set on globe, and cornucopiae; male figures standing on either side, each holding a wreath in upraised hand; all within billowing canopy held by Nikai, each set on cippus; the whole on a low basis. COL IVL AVG FEL, HEL in exergue.
BMC Galatia 24; SNG Copenhagen 436.
CNG 254191.
benito
IMGP4541Osr2brcombo.jpg
Pakoros II., 78 - 105 AD20 viewsAE11, 0.81gr., 10,92mm;
Sellw. 77.13, Shore --;
mint: Ekbatana; axis: 12h;
obv.: head, left, w/tiara and 3-strand diadem, tiara crest decorated w/hooks; mustache, lock on temple; rest of face off flan; dotted border 10 - 13h; oval flan with flattened top;
rev.: eagle, facing w/head to left side, open wings;

ex: G. Clark, VA.
Schatz
GRK_Pamphylia_Perga_Sear_5417.JPG
Pamphylia, Perga18 viewsSear 5417, SNG France 355-361, SNG Copenhagen 310-311, Von Aulock 4649, BMC Lycia 15, Lindgren 1104, Klein 619.

AE 16 mm, struck 2nd to 1st Centuries B.C. or 3rd Century B.C. (per Sear).

Obv: Sphinx wearing kalathos seated facing right.

Rev: NANAYAS / PREIIA[S]; (first N retrograde), either side of Artemis standing left, holding wreath and scepter.

Perga was the capital of Pamphylia. During the Hellenistic period, Perga was one of the richest and most beautiful cities in the ancient world, famous for its temple of Artemis.
Stkp
15541464_229093460849073_9113704007775040166_n.jpg
Pannonian Celts, Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) Type, c. 2nd Century B.C.22 viewsSilver tetradrachm, cf. Göbl OTA 197, Lanz 465; derived from the Macedonian Kingdom tetradrachms of Philip II, devolved laureate head of Zeus right, hair in arcs on both sides of central point, broad laurel wreath; reverse devolved horse trotting left, pellet in circle aboveAntonivs Protti
DSCN5417.JPG
Phokaia, Ionia, 350 - 300 B.C. 13 viewsPhokaia, Ionia, 350 - 300 BC
Obv. Female head left wearing earring
Rev. head and neck of griffin left.
Ref. BMC Ionia 91-93
Lee S
Pitane,_Mysia_AE,.jpg
Pitane, Mysia AE29 viewsPitane, Mysia
AE. Time of Domitian.
ΠITANAIΩN
head of Dionysos r., wearing ivy wreath
NIKHΦOPOY
Tyche standing facing, head left, holding cornucopia and rudder. C/m: pentagram
SNG Copenhagen 541. For c/m: Howgego 425.
Ardatirion
PMTRP_XIIII_Bldcf.jpg
PMTRP XIIII Sol whip Bldcf 37 viewsObverse: IMPALEXANDERPIVSAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed, front view
Reverse: PMTRP_XIIIICOSIIIPP, SC left and right in field
Sol radiate, naked but for cloak over shoulders, walking left, right foot forward, head left, raising right hand and holding whip in left
BMC 964, RIC 541
Weight, 21.51g; die axis, 6h.
1 commentsmix_val
XIIII_Blsd_Whip.jpg
PMTRP XIIII Sol whip Blsd27 viewsObverse: IMPALEXANDERPIVSAVG
Bust laureate right, slightly draped on left shoulder
Reverse: PMTRP_XIIIICOSIIIPP, SC left and right in field
Sol radiate, naked but for cloak over shoulders, walking left, right foot forward, head left, raising right hand and holding whip in left
bust variant of BMC 964, RIC 541
Weight, 23.11g; die axis, 12h.
mix_val
PMTRP_XIIII_whip_Blsd_red.jpg
PMTRP XIIII Sol whip Blsd dup47 viewsObverse: IMPALEXANDERPIVSAVG
Bust laureate right, slightly draped on left shoulder
Reverse: PMTRP_XIIIICOSIIIPP, SC left and right in field
Sol radiate, naked but for cloak over shoulders, walking left, right foot forward, head left, raising right hand and holding whip in left
bust variant of BMC 964, RIC 541
Weight, 23.58 g; die axis, 13h.
mix_val
00541q00.jpg
Probus17 viewsAE-Antoninianus
IMP C PROBVS.P.F.AVG; Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
SOLI INVICTO; Sol in spread quadriga, holding globe and whip.
Ex: PXXT
Ticinum
RIC 419; 4th emission
Julianus of Pannonia
1379.jpg
PROBUS RIC 336 VAR. E8 BUST42 viewsOBVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
REVERSE: CONCORD MILIT
BUST TYPE: E8 = radiate, helmeted, heroically nude bust left, holding spear and aegis, seen from rear
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//PXXT
WEIGHT 3.95g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22 mm
RIC 336 VAR. (UNLISTED WITH E8 BUST)
COLLECTION NO. 1379

Ex S. Luethi collection

Very rare and desirable bust type!

ONLY THE 2ND EXAMPLE OF THIS EXACT TYPE KNOWN TO ME (THE OTHER BEING JACQUIER 34/541)

2 commentsBarnaba6
388~1.jpg
PROBUS RIC 541 11 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: B
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//ΔXXI
WEIGHT 3.71g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 541
COLLECTION NO. 388
Barnaba6
611~0.jpg
PROBUS RIC 54123 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: B
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: Δ/-//-
WEIGHT 4.12g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH: 20-22mm
RIC: 541
COLLECTION NO. 611
Barnaba6
541.jpg
PROBUS RIC 55713 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: SALVS AVG
BUST TYPE: B
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-// ΓXXI
WEIGHT 3.93g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC: 557
COLLECTION NO. 541
Barnaba6
541~0.jpg
PROBUS RIC 837 VAR. "A" OFFICINA 18 viewsPROBUS RIC 837 VAR. "A" OFFICINA RRR
OBVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
REVERSE: ADVENTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 = Radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield (decorated with emperor on horse)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//A
WEIGHT 4.17g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 23mm
RIC: 837 VAR. (MINTMARK "A" UNLISTED)
COLLECTION NO. 541

NOTE: EMPEROR ON HORSE + SOLDIERS ON SHIELD

THIS COIN IS PART OF AN UNPUBLISHED AND EXCEEDINGLY RARE GREEK LETTER EMMISSION WHICH WAS STRUCK SIMULTANEOUSLY WITH PINK'S LATIN LETTER 3rd EMMISSION.

This coin was struck from the same pair of dies as my coin no. 1106

Only the 5th known specimen in the world, including my coin no. 1106 which is the fourth known (INFORMATION FROM PH.GYSEN + MY OWN DATABASE)

Adventvs Probi Avg is a rare reverse type for Serdica in itself but in combination with the sole "A" mintmark from an unpublished, exceedingly rare greek letter phase of the 3rd emmission makes this coin it a true gem!
Barnaba6
16~2.jpg
PROBUS RIC 837 VAR. "A" OFFICINA Second example35 viewsOBVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
REVERSE: ADVENTVS PROBI AVG
BUST TYPE: E1 = radiate, cuirassed and helmeted bust left, holding spear and shield (decorated with emperor on horse and soldiers in background)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//A
WEIGHT 4.92g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 23mm
RIC: 837 VAR. (MINTMARK "A" UNLISTED)
COLLECTION NO. 1106
NOTE: EMPEROR ON HORSE + SOLDIERS ON SHIELD
THIS COIN IS PART OF AN UNPUBLISHED AND VERY RARE GREEK LETTER EMMISSION WHICH WAS STRUCK SIMULTANEOUSLY WITH PINK'S LATIN LETTER 3rd EMMISSION.

This coin was struk from the same pair of dies as my coin no. 541

Only the 5th known specimen, including my coin no. 541 which is the fourth known (INFORMATION FROM P.GYSEN + MY OWN DATATBASE)

Adventvs Probi Avg is a rare reverse type for Serdica in itself but in combination with the sole "A" mintmark from an unpublished, exceedingly rare greek letter phase of the 3rd emmission and a decorated shield makes this coin a true gem!
Barnaba6
5419_5420_(1).jpg
Probus, Antoninianus, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, R (Thunderbolt) B15 viewsAE Antoninianus
Probus
Augustus: 276 - 282AD
Issued: 279AD
21.0 x 20.0mm 3.90gr
O: PROBVS PF AVG; Radiate, cuirassed bust, right.
R: IOVI CONS PROB AVG; Jupiter standing left, with scepter and thunderbolt.
Exergue: R (thunderbolt) B
Rome Mint
RIC V-2, 175
Aorta: B72, O94, R64, T30, M4.
lucernae 282641257943
9/13/17 10/10/17
Nicholas Z
5417_5418.jpg
Probus, Antoninianus, SECVRIT PERP, (Digamma) XXI13 viewsAE Antoninianus
Probus
Augustus: 276 - 282AD
Issued: 279 - 281AD
23.0 x 22.0mm 3.20gr
O: IMP C PROBVS AVG; Radiate, cuirassed bust, right.
R: SECVRIT PERP; Securitas standing left, leaning on short column, right hand to head.
Exergue: (Digamma)XXI
Ticinum Mint
RIC 573
Aorta: 1615: B72, O50, R146, T123, M7.
lucernae 201550022330
9/13/17 10/10/17
Nicholas Z
Flavians.jpg
RIC 0006 Vespasian Denarius135 viewsIMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG
Laureate head right

TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IV
Titus and Domitian seated left on curule chair, each holding a branch.

Rome 69-70 AD

2.83g

RIC 6 (R); BMCRE pg. 8 note; RSC 541.

Rare

Ex-Barry Murphy
4 commentsJay GT4
moneta 541 b.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Caracalla, Odessos, AE1545 viewsobv: Laureate bust right
rev: Caracalla on horseback, riding right, holding spear or sceptre
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Odessos
AMNG 2288
Jericho
7MG_0994_Claudius_Avers_320_320.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Claudius II Gothicus39 viewsClaudius II Gothicus ニ Antoninianus. Antioch Mint. IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate head left / IVNO REGINA, Juno standing left holding patera and scepter, peacock at feet, B in ex. RIC 212, Cohen 133.

dupondius
Ivlia-Maesa-Pudicitia.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, JULIA MAESA, AR denarius,218-222 AD, Rome.29 viewsJULIA MAESA, AR denarius,218-222 AD, Rome.


JULIA MAESA, grandmother of Elagabalus, AR denarius,218-222 AD, Rome.

Obv: IVLIA MAESA AVG, diademed and draped bust right
Rev: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, drawing out,veil from shoulder with right hand and holding sceptre in right
Ref.: BMC 541, 76; RIC 268; RSC 36, sear 7756

1 commentsGeorge
vesp_titus_dom_curule_chairs.jpg
Roman Empire, Vespasian RIC 629 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 6 (R), BMC 45 note, RSC 541
Obv - IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev - TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IV; Titus and Domitian, togate, seated l. side by side on curule chairs, each holding branch extended in r. hand, l. hands at sides
1 commentsDavid Atherton
39062982_2218248255071769_6585199147064754176_n.jpg
Roman Provincial, Diadumenian AE 19 of Antioch, Syria. (217-218 AD)9 viewsRoman Provincial, Diadumenian AE 19 of Antioch, Syria. (217-218 AD)

KAI M O ΔIA ANTΩNINOC, Radiate head right.

S•C, ΔƐ, Large wreath, eagle below.

Pending. No reference.
Gil-galad
39072585_925228284331541_7491173900600999936_n.jpg
Roman Provincial, Lydia. Attaleia . Pseudo-autonomous issue . Time of Commodus to Severus Alexander, 177-235 BC Bronze Æ 2212 viewsRoman Provincial, Lydia. Attaleia . Pseudo-autonomous issue . Time of Commodus to Severus Alexander, 177-235 BC Bronze Æ 22

IЄP CVNKΛHTOC, Draped youthful bust of the Senate right, wearing ivy wreath.

ATTAΛЄATΩN, Eagle standing facing, head left, with wings spread.

RPC IV online 2812.
Gil-galad
16768q00.jpg
ROMAN, Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.66 viewsSH16768. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1592, RIC I 541, BMCRE I 664, superb EF, weight 3.850 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Asia Minor mint, 27 - 20 B.C.; obverse laureate head right, dot border; reverse AVGVSTVS, capricorn left, holding globe, cornucopia above, rudder below; extraordinary high relief impossible to capture in a photograph, lustrous and nearly as struck; rare1 commentsJoe Sermarini
Sear_0165.jpg
Sear 016541 viewsJustinian I (527 – 565 CE) Half-follis, weight 11.0g, diameter 28mm. Mint of Constantinople (officina illegible), struck in 541/2 CE (= regnal year 15). Abu Galyon
antiochus viii.jpg
SELEUCID KINGDOM - ANTIOCHUS VIII GRYPHOS29 viewsAntiochus VIII Gryphos, 121-96 BC, bronze of 19 mm, 6.21 grams. Obverse: Diademed bust Antiochus VIII to right. Reverse: Eagle, wings closed, stands left. Reference: cf. SNG Israel 2541.dpaul7
20-Septimus Severus Stobi.JPG
Septimius Severus , Macedonia , Stobi85 viewsAE26, 193-211 AD
Obv: SEVERVS PIVS AVGV, Laureate draped bust left.
Rev: MVNICIPI STOBENSI, Victory stading left with wreath.
26mm, 11.8 gr.
Moushmov 6541
Obverse die match to Josifovski V29
4 commentsjdholds
sept_severus_214.jpg
Septimius Severus RIC IV, 21418 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AR -denarius, 3.12g, 20.11mm
Rome, AD 207
obv. SEVERVS - PIVS AVG
Laureate head, r.
rev. PM TRP COS III PP
Tropaeum, made of helmet, cuirass, spears, shields and greaves, before round shield; on l. side captive
std. on helmet(?) and propping head in his r. hand, set on r. knee; on r. side captive stg. r. with bound
arms on back; both captives wear long garments and phrygian bonnets
ref. RIC IV/1, 214; C.498; BMC 541, pl. 41, 14
S!, about VF/good F
Jochen
5415_5416.jpg
Septimius Severus, Denarius, FELICITAS AVGG15 viewsAR Denarius
Septimius Severus
Augustus: 193 - 211AD
Issued: 205AD
20.0 x 18.5mm 3.59gr
O: SEVERVS PIVS AVG; Laureate head, right.
R: FELICITAS AVGG; Felicitas standing left, holding short caduceus and cornucopia.
Rome Mint
RIC 261; BM 322; RSC 135.
Aorta: 759: B3, O31, R78, T49, M4.
Harlan J. Berk cc84437
10/4/17 10/10/17
Nicholas Z
5481_(1)_5482_(1).jpg
Septimius Severus, Denarius, LIBERALITAS AVG VI20 viewsAR Denarius
Septimius Severus
Augustus: 193 - 211AD
Issued: 209AD
21.0 x 19.0mm 3.60gr
O: SEVERVS PIVS AVG; Laureate head, right.
R: LIBERALITAS AVG VI; Liberalitas standing left, holding coin dispenser and cornucopia.
Rome Mint
RIC 278a; RSC 298; Sear 6306; BMC 349.
Aorta: 783: B3, O81, R178, T108, M4.
treewalk123/John Tucker 132175418074
10/19/17 10/27/17
2 commentsNicholas Z
Alexander -2~0.jpg
Severus Alexander Sestertius13 viewsSeverus Alexander. 222-235 AD. Æ Sestertius. Struck 235 AD. IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / PM TRP XIIII COS III PP S C, Sol walking left, holding whip.

RIC IV 541; BMCRE 964; Cohen 457.
Tanit
alex3~0.jpg
Severus Alexander Sestertius4 viewsSeverus Alexander. 222-235 AD. Æ Sestertius. Struck 235 AD. IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / PM TRP XIIII COS III PP S C, Sol walking left, holding whip.

RIC IV 541; BMCRE 964; Cohen 457.
Tanit
IMG_3873.JPG
Severus Alexander. 222-235 AD. Æ Sestertiu. 23mm7 viewsSeverus Alexander. 222-235 AD. Æ Sestertiu.

Obv. IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate draped bust right
Rev. PM TR P XIII COS III S-C / Sol walking left, raising right hand and holding whip, cloak trailing behind.

Ref. RIC 541
Lee S
705_Skotussa.JPG
Skotussa - AE3 viewsc. 394-367 BC
head of young Herakles left wearing lion's skin
horse forepart right
Σ_KO ΦΠA
Rogers 541, fig. 299; Nomos 4, 1337; SNG Copenhagen 255.
2,15g
ex Gitbud and Naumann
Johny SYSEL
sphinx.JPG
sphinx65 viewsPamphylia Perga Litra Sear Greek 5417Ghengis_Jon
sphinx~0.JPG
Sphinx201 viewsPamphylia Perga Litra Sear Greek 5417Ghengis_Jon
6183154123_8daabb979c_b.jpg
T 06838 viewsKangra Rajas
Triloka, Chandra Deva, c. 1240?
crawforde
253_Tacitus_Aequitas.jpg
Tacitus - AE antoninianus (silvered)6 viewsRome
early 276 – VI 276 AD
Issue 3
radiate, cuirassed bust right
IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG
Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia
AEQVITAS AVG
Γ
XXI
RIC V (1) 82
http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/3541
2,85g 23-21mm
Johny SYSEL
philippopolis_elagabal_Moushmov5419.jpg
Thracia, Philippopolis, Elagabal Moushmov 541926 viewsElagabal AD 218-222
AE 19, 3.6g
obv. AVT KM AVR - ANTWNINOC
bust, laureate, r.
rev. FILIPPOPOLEITWN NEWKORWN
Nemesis, draped, stg. l., holding measuring rod and scales, wheel at feet
Moushmov 5419
about VF, nice green patina
Jochen
Tiribazos-obol1.jpg
Tiribazos obol49 viewsCilicia, Tiribazos second time as karanos unique, 386-380 BC, Obol, 0.72g
Balltars standing left
Head of Ahuramazda right
Ref SNG Levante 216; SNG Paris 234; SNG von Aulock 5415, rare type
Caffaro
titus-as-dupondius-salus.jpg
Titus (80-81 AD) AE Dupondius, Salus12 viewsRoman Imperial, Titus (80-81 AD) AE Dupondius

Obverse: IMP T CAES VESP AVG P M TR P COS VIII, Radiate head left.

Reverse: SALVS AVG, SC, Salus seated left on throne, holding patera.

Reference: RIC 204, Cohen 195, Sear RCV 2541

Ex: Joshua Mark
Gil-galad
traj_den_8.jpg
Trajan Denarius15 viewsTrajan AR Denarius. IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC, laureate draped bust right / P M TR P COS VI P P SPQR, Felicitas standing front, head left, holding caduceus & cornucopiae.

RIC 343, RSC 278, BMC 541

Tanit
traj_den_16.jpg
Trajan Denarius14 viewsTrajan AR Denarius. IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC, laureate draped bust right / P M TR P COS VI P P SPQR, Felicitas standing front, head left, holding caduceus & cornucopiae.

RIC 343, RSC 278, BMC 541
Tanit
20151010_154110-horz.jpg
Trajan RIC 099; Woytek 289b20 viewsTrajan 98-117 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. ca.110 AD. (3.29g; 19.55mm) Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, Laureate head right. Rev: COS V P P SPQR OPTIMO PRINC, Dacian captive standing, hands bound, pile of arms behind, DAC CAP in ex.
Woytek 289b; RIC 99; RSC 121

Ex: Naville Numismatics
Paddy
39012892_2347575795506073_8690922072131502080_n.jpg
Tranquillina, AE21 of Sardes, Lydia, (241-244 AD)10 viewsRoman Provincial, Tranquillina, AE21 of Sardes, Lydia, (241-244 AD)

ΦOYΡ TΡANKYΛΛEINA CA, Draped bust right.

CAΡΔIANΩN B NEΩKOΡΩN, Demeter or Kore standing left, holding three grain-ears and long torch.

Leypold I, 1237; SNG Munich 541; RPC VII 242.2.12
Gil-galad
VespTitusDomit.jpg
Vespasian / Titus and Domitian51 viewsAR Denarius
Vespasian Rome mint, 3,26g 69-70 AD
O: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Laureate head right.
R: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IV; Titus and Domitian, togate, seated on curule chairs, each holding branch extended in right hand, left hands at sides.
- RIC 6, BMC 46, RSC 541
3 commentsNemonater
vesp titus dom curule chairs.jpg
Vespasian RIC 06191 viewsAR Denarius, 3.07g
Rome mint, 69-70 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IV; Titus and Domitian, togate, seated l. side by side on curule chairs, each holding branch extended in r. hand, l. hands at sides
RIC 6 (R). BMC 46. RSC 541. BNC -.
Acquired from Frank L. Kovacs, July 2006.

A reverse that announces Vespasian's desire to found a dynasty. Titus and Domitian are represented here as magistrates holding the branch of peace. A rare type.

A coin that looks much better in hand than the picture allows. I was pleasantly surprised when I first saw it. A reverse I have sought after for quite sometime. Earlier this year (2006) Harlan J Berk sold a coin of this type that was both an obv. and rev. die match with mine. After a casual look around, I was able to locate another die match.
Vespasian70
Vespasian_RIC_II_6.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 0006107 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 21 Dec. 69 A.D.-early 70 A.D. (3.17g, 17.5m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR [VESPASIAN]VS AVG, laureate head r. Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IV, Titus and Domitian std. l. on curule chairs, with branches. RIC II 6 (R), BMC 45, RSC 541. Ex. Harry N. Sneh Collection.

Another dynastic type from the first months of Vespasian’s reign and his from his first series of denarii at Rome. His victory over Judaea and establishing his sons as his successors were Vespasian’s first priorities with his minting authority.
3 commentsLucas H
Vesp__with_Titus_and_Dom_.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 112459 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum (Lyons) mint 71 AD. (3.13g 17mm.). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P, laureate head right. Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAESARES PRIN IVEN, Titus and Domitian seated left, side by side, holding branches. RIC II 1124 (R).* BMC 393, Sear 2403, RSC 541(b). *Less likely RIC II 1126, with DOMITIANVS on the reverse, but with the pertinent portion off the flan, it would take a die match to establish either conclusively.

Vespasian, who ruled from 69 to 79 AD., acted early to establish his sons, Titus and Domitian, as his clear successors, and produced these dynastic types for that purpose. This is another early example without the typical Vespasian portrait which was later established by the die engravers.
2 commentsLucas H
613565.jpg
Vespasian, 69-79, Silver Denarius with Titus and Domitian22 viewsVespasian, 69-79, Silver Denarius, 3.46g,
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, Laureate head of Vespasian right;
Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IV, Titus and Domitian seated to left on curule chairs, each holding branch;
RIC II² 6 (R); RIC II 23; RSC 541; S.2403.
Very Rare, Same dies Gitbud & Naumann Auction 42/712 (although that coin has significant surface porosity).
1 commentsOldMoney
Justinan1Nikomedia.jpg
[1611a] Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.68 viewsBronze follis, S 201, choice VF, 22.147g, 43.8mm, 180o, 2nd officina, Nikomedia mint, 541 - 542 A.D.; Obverse: D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right, shield decorated with a horseman brandishing a spear, cross right; Reverse: large M, cross above, ANNO left, Xu (= year 15) right, B below, NIKO in ex; full circle strike on a huge flan. Ex FORVM.



De Imperatoribus Romanis
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Justinian (527-565 A.D.).

James Allan Evans
University of British Columbia

Introduction
The reign of Justinian was a turning-point in Late Antiquity. It is the period when paganism finally lost its long struggle to survive, and when the schism in Christianity between the Monophysite east and the Chalcedonian west became insurmountable. From a military viewpoint, it marked the last time that the Roman Empire could go on the offensive with hope of success. Africa and Italy were recovered, and a foothold was established in Spain. When Justinian died, the frontiers were still intact although the Balkans had been devastated by a series of raids and the Italian economy was in ruins. His extensive building program has left us the most celebrated example of Byzantine ecclesiastical architecture that still survives: Hagia Sophia in modern Istanbul. His reign was a period when classical culture was in sharp decline and yet it had a last flowering, with historians such as Procopius and Agathias working within the tradition inherited from Herodotus and Thucydides, and poets such as Paul the Silentiary who wrote some of the most sensuous poems that the classical tradition has ever produced. The Codex Justinianus, the Institutes and the Digest of Roman jurisprudence, all commissioned by Justinian, are monuments to the past achievements of Roman legal heritage. Justinian's reign sums up the past. It also provides a matrix for the future. In particular, there was the bubonic plague, which appeared in Constantinople in 542, for the first time in Europe, and then travelled round the empire in search of victims, returning to the capital for a new crop in 558. The plague ended a period of economic growth and initiated one of overstrained resources.

The 'Nika' Revolt
The 'Nika' Revolt which broke out in January, 532, in Constantinople, was an outburst of street violence which went far beyond the norms even in a society where a great deal of street violence was accepted. Every city worth notice had its chariot-racing factions which took their names from their racing colors: Reds, Whites, Blues and Greens. These were professional organizations initially responsible for fielding chariot-racing teams in the hippodromes, though by Justinian's time they were in charge of other shows as well. The Blues and the Greens were dominant, but the Reds and Whites attracted some supporters: the emperor Anastasius was a fan of the Reds. The aficionados of the factions were assigned their own blocs of seats in the Hippodrome in Constantinople, opposite the imperial loge, and the Blue and Green "demes" provided an outlet for the energies of the city's young males. G. M. Manojlovic in an influential article originally published in Serbo-Croat in 1904, argued that the "demes" were organized divisions of a city militia, and thus played an important role in the imperial defense structure. His thesis is now generally disregarded and the dominant view is that of Alan Cameron, that demos, whether used in the singular or plural, means simply "people" and the rioting of the "demes", the "fury of the Hippodrome", as Edward Gibbon called it, was hooliganism, which was also Gibbon's view. Efforts to make the Greens into supporters of Monophysitism and the Blues of Orthodoxy founder on lack of evidence. However, in support of Manojlovic's thesis, it must be said that, although we cannot show that the Blue and Green "demes" were an organized city militia, we hear of "Young Greens" both in Constantinople and Alexandria who bore arms, and in 540, when Antioch fell to the Persians, Blue and Green street-fighters continued to defend the city after the regular troops had fled.

Justinian and Theodora were known Blue supporters, and when street violence escalated under Justin I, Procopius claims that they encouraged it. But since Justinian became emperor he had taken a firmer, more even-handed stand. On Saturday, January 10, 532, the city prefect Eudaemon who had arrested some hooligans and found seven guilty of murder, had them hanged outside the city at Sycae, across the Golden Horn, but the scaffold broke and saved two of them from death, a Blue and a Green. Some monks from St. Conon's monastery nearby took the two men to sanctuary at the church of St Lawrence where the prefect set troops to watch. The following Tuesday while the two malefactors were still trapped in the church, the Blues and Greens begged Justinian to show mercy. He ignored the plea and made no reply. The Blues and Green continued their appeals until the twenty-second race (out of twenty-four) when they suddenly united and raised the watchword 'Nika'. Riots started and the court took refuge in the palace. That evening the mob burned the city prefect's praetorium.

Justinian tried to continue the games next day but only provoked more riot and arson. The rioting and destruction continued throughout the week; even the arrival of loyal troops from Thrace failed to restore order. On Sunday before sunrise, Justinian appeared in the Hippodrome where he repented publicly and promised an amnesty. The mob turned hostile, and Justinian retreated. The evening before Justinian had dismissed two nephews of the old emperor Anastasius, Hypatius and Pompey, against their will, from the palace and sent them home, and now the mob found Hypatius and proclaimed him emperor in the Hippodrome. Justinian was now ready to flee, and perhaps would have done so except for Theodora, who did not frighten easily. Instead Justinian decided to strike ruthlessly. Belisarius and Mundo made their separate ways into the Hippodrome where they fell on Hypatius' supporters who were crowded there, and the 'Nika' riot ended with a bloodbath.

A recent study of the riot by Geoffrey Greatrex has made the point that what was unique about it was not the actions of the mob so much as Justinian's attempts to deal with it. His first reaction was to placate: when the mob demanded that three of his ministers must go, the praetorian prefect of the East, John the Cappadocian, the Quaestor of the Sacred Palace Tribonian and the urban prefect Eudaemon, Justinian replaced them immediately. He hesitated when he should have been firm and aggravated the situation. It may well have been Theodora who emboldened him for the final act of repression. Procopius imagines Theodora on the last day engaging in formal debate about what should be done, and misquoting a famous maxim that was once offered the tyrant of Syracuse, Dionysius the Elder "Tyranny is a good shroud." Theodora emends it to "Kingship is a good shroud" and readers of Procopius may have thought wryly that the emendation was unnecessary. The formal debate, and Theodora's great scene, was probably a creation of Procopius' imagination, but a splendid one.

The 'Nika' revolt left Justinian firmly in charge. The mob was cowed and the senatorial opposition that surfaced during the revolt was forced underground. The damage to Constantinople was great, but it cleared the way for Justinian's own building program. Work in his new church of Hagia Sophia to replace the old Hagia Sophia that was destroyed in the rioting, started only forty-five days after the revolt was crushed. The two leaders of the Hippodrome massacre, Mundo and Belisarius, went on to new appointments: Mundo back to Illyricum as magister militum and Belisarius to make his reputation as the conqueror of the Vandals in Africa. The 530s were a decade of confidence and the 'Nika' riot was only a momentary crisis.

(for a detailed account of the reign of Justinian I, see: http://www.roman-emperors.org/justinia.htm)

Last Years
Misfortune crowded into the final years of Justinian's reign. There was another Samaritan revolt in midsummer, 556. Next year, in December, a great earthquake shook Constantinople and in May of the following year, the dome of Justinian's new Hagia Sophia collapsed, and had to be rebuilt with a new design. About the same time, the plague returned to the capital. Then in early 559 a horde of Kutrigur 'Huns' (proto-Bulgars) crossed the frozen Danube and advanced into the Balkans. It split into three columns: one pushed into Greece but got no further than Thermopylae, another advanced into the Gallipoli peninsula but got no further than the Long Wall, which was defended by a young officer from Justinian's native city, while the third, most dangerous spearhead led by the 'Hun' khan, Zabergan himself, made for Constantinople. Faced with this attack and without any forces for defense, Justinian called Belisarius out of retirement, and Belisarius, using a scratch force, the core of which was 300 of his veterans, ambushed the Kutrigur horde and routed it. Once the immediate danger was over, however, Justinian recalled Belisarius and took charge himself. The news that Justinian was reinforcing his Danube fleet made the Kutrigurs anxious and they agreed to a treaty which gave them a subsidy and safe passage back across the river. But as soon as they were north of the Danube, they were attacked by their rivals the Utigurs who were incited by Justinian to relieve them of their booty. The Kutrigurs raided Thrace again in 562, but they and the Utigurs were soon to fall prey to the Avars who swept out of the Asian steppes in the early 560s.

There was discontent in the capital. Street violence was on the increase again. There were bread shortages and water shortages. In late 562, there was a conspiracy which almost succeeded in killing the emperor. The chief conspirator was Marcellus, an argyroprates, a goldsmith and banker, and the conspiracy probably reflected the dissatisfaction of the business community. But Justinian was too old to learn to be frugal. He resorted to forced loans and requisitions and his successor found the treasury deeply in debt.

What remained of the great emperor's achievement? His successor Justin II, out of a combination of necessity and foolhardiness, denied the 'barbarians' the subsidies which had played a major role in Justinian's defense of the frontiers, and, to be fair, which had also been provided by emperors before him. Subsidies had been part of Anastasius' policy as well, but that was before the plague, while the imperial economy was still expanding. The result of Justin II's change of policy was renewed hostility with Persia and a shift of power in the Balkans. In 567 the Avars and Lombards joined forces against the Gepids and destroyed them. But the Lombards distrusted their allies and next year they migrated into Italy where Narses had just been removed from command and recalled, though he disobeyed orders and stayed in Rome until his death. By the end of the century only a third of Italy was in Byzantine hands. On the eastern frontier, Justin alienated the Ghassanid allies and lost the fortress of Daras, a reverse which overwhelmed his frangible sanity. For this Justinian can hardly be blamed. No one can deny his greatness; a recent study by Asterios Gerostergios even lionizes him. But if we look at his reign with the unforgiving eye of hindsight, it appears to be a brilliant effort to stem the tide of history, and in the end, it was more a failure than a moderate success.

Copyright (C) 1998, James Allan Evans. Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

The Church we know today as Hagia Sophia - or Divine Wisdom, its true name - was dedicated by the Emperor Justinian in 537AD. Through many visitudes Justinian's cathedral church of Constantinople still stands, its soring vaults and amazing dome testiments to the human spirit, the engineering talents of its builders and Divine inspiration. In the same fashion that Vespasian's Collesium (the Flavian Amphitheatre) is symbolic of Rome, Justinian's Hagia Sophia is a symbol of Byzantium.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Khusro1.jpg
[1921b] Sasanian Empire, Khusro I, 531 - 579 A.D.120 viewsSilver drachm, Gobl II/2 MY, aVF, Meshan mint, 4.12g, 29.8mm, 90o, 569 A.D.; Obverse: XUSRO AFZUN, crowned bust right, three crescents outside border; Reverse: MY NWCSYH, fire altar with two attendants. Khusro is also sometimes spelled Xusro, Khusru, or Chosroes. Ex FORVM.

Khosrau I, CHOSROES ANUSHIRVAN ('OF THE IMMORTAL SOUL') ruled from 531–579. He is the most celebrated of the Sassanid rulers. Khosrau I is most famous for his reforms in the aging governing body of Sassanids. In his reforms he introduced a rational system of taxation, based upon a survey of landed possessions, which his father had begun and tried in every way to increase the welfare and the revenues of his empire. Previous great feudal lords fielded their own military equipment, followers and retainers. Khosrau I developed a new force of dehkans or "knights" paid and equipped by the central government and the bureaucracy, tying the army and bureaucracy more closely to the central government than to local lords. (Chosroes I's reforms, visit: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/med/fryehst.html)

Although the Emperor Justinian I (527–565) had paid him a bribe of 440,000 pieces of gold to keep the peace, in 540 Khosrau I broke the "eternal peace" of 532 and invaded Syria, where he sacked the city of Antioch and extorted large sums of money from a number of other cities. Further successes followed: in 541 Lazica defected to the Persian side, and in 542 a major Byzantine offensive in Armenia was defeated at Anglon. A five-year truce agreed in 545 was interrupted in 547 when Lazica again switched sides and eventually expelled its Persian garrison with Byzantine help; the war resumed, but remained confined to Lazica, which was retained by the Byzantines when peace was concluded in 562.

Khosrau I's reign witnessed the rise of the dihqans (literally, village lords), the petty landholding nobility who were the backbone of later Sassanid provincial administration and the tax collection system.[22] Khosrau I was a great builder, embellishing his capital, founding new towns, and constructing new buildings. He rebuilt the canals and restocked the farms destroyed in the wars. He built strong fortifications at the passes and placed subject tribes in carefully chosen towns on the frontiers to act as guardians against invaders. He was tolerant of all religions, though he decreed that Zoroastrianism should be the official state religion, and was not unduly disturbed when one of his sons became a Christian.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sassanid_Empire

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
     
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