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DenTiVeturiobis.jpg
21 viewsAR Denarius - TI. VETVRIVS - 137 BC. Gens Veturia - Mint of Rome
Obv.: Helmeted bust of Mars right, X and TI. VE (VE in monogram) behind
Rev.: Youth kneeling holding pig, between two soldiers; ROMA above
Gs. 3,6 mm. 18,3
Crawf. 234/1, Sear RCV 111
Some dies of this coin have a crude style.
Maxentius
774_xlarge_42f785f22a2d3ed4dd77258ad2345fc8.jpg
30 viewsSpongeBob
20171209_054023407_iOS.jpg
18 viewsMatthew H
IMG_0234.JPG
10 viewsecoli
27752618_527792647603585_4346585862342565456_n.jpg
9 viewsAntonivs Protti
33782q00.jpg
29 Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.27 viewsSilver denarius, BMCRE V 234, RIC IV 161, RSC III 300a, EF, 2.693g, 19.8mm, 180o, Rome mint, 220 - 222 A.D.; obverse IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VICTORIA AVG, Victory flying left holding diadem in both hands, at each side a small shield, star right

Purchased from FORVM
Sosius
39792q00.jpg
AHG 234 . The Antioch Hoard of Gallienus . Gallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D.23 viewsGallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D.
Billon antoninianus . 2.927g, 19.7mm, 180o, Antioch mint, 254 - 255 A.D.
Obverse : IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse VICTORIAE AVGG, soldier standing right, vertical spear in right, resting left on shield
Göbl MIR 1566d (Antioch), SRCV III 10397 (Antioch), RIC V 300 (Viminacium), AHG 234 (this coin)
From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus . Ex Forum
Vladislav D
hon123456.JPG
Honorius 393-423 CE.23 viewsHonorius bronze AE4
Obverse: D N HONORI-VS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor standing left, head right, holding labarum & globe.
Uncertain mint,15.2 mm, 1.4g.
NORMAN K
Hartill-17_741.jpg
Imperial China, Southern Song: Duan Ping (1234-1236) AE 5 Cash (Hartill-17.741)13 viewsObv: 端平通寶 Duan Ping tong bao (1234-1236); Long bao
Rev: Blank
SpongeBob
Ptolemy_V_Epiphanes_AE_Tetrobol.jpg
Ptolemy V Epiphanes13 viewsAlexandria mint.
Ć Tetrobol
27mm, 14.24 grams
205-180 BC., Struck circa 197-183/2 BC.
Wreathed and draped bust of Isis right
Eagle standing left on thunderbolt.
Svoronos 1234; Weiser 130; SNG Copenhagen 247
jaseifert
victorin-salvs.JPG
RIC.67 Victorinus, antoninianus (Salvs Avg)15 viewsVictorinus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (269-271)
Antoninianus : Salvs Avg (2ond emission, 269-270, Cologne)

Billon (20 ‰), 3.34 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 2 h

A/ IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG; radiate and cuirassed bust right
R/ SALVS AVG; Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms

EG.234
Droger
EpirFake.jpg
"Epirus, the Epeirote Republic, Didrachm size modern fake, genuine drachm prototypes dated 234-168 BC. "69 viewsEpirus, the Epeirote Republic, modern fake, genuine drachm prototypes dated 234-168 BC.,
Didrachm size (ř 22 mm / 8,50 g), silver, axes about coin alignment ↑↓ (ca. 160°), edge: 50 % filed, 50 % hammered,
Obv.: A· , laureate head of Zeus Dodonaios right, A· behind, dotted border.
Rev.: AΠEI / PΩTAN , eagle standing right on thunderbolt, all within oak wreath, dotted border.
for prototype cf. BMC p. 89, no. 14 (drachm size 4,5-5,0 g., AI· -monogram behind head on obverse) ; - Dewing 1444 (same) ; Franke, - Epirus 100 (same) ; - SNG Cop. 108ff. ; for a drachm showing similar style cf. http://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=748945 (also a fake?) .

1 commentsArminius
COMMODUS_NIKO_HYG_ASC.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--NIKOPOLIS AD ISTRUM19 views177 - 192 AD
AE 28 mm; 10.89 g
O: Laureate head of Commodus right
R: Hygieia standing, r., feeding serpent from patera; to r., Asclepius standing, facing, head, l., holding serpent-staff
Moesia Inferior, Nicopolis ad Istrum; AMNG 1234

laney
clau_goth_fortuna_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS17 views268 - 270 AD
AE 19.5 mm, 2.73 g
O: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG radiate bust right
R: FORTVNA REDVX; Fortune standing left; SPQR in exe
Cyzicus mint
RIC 234
laney
aurelian_oriens_silv_res.jpg
(0270) AURELIAN55 views270 - 275 AD
Silvered AE 22mm 4.07 g
O: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: ORIENS AVG Sol advancing left stepping on captive, raising hand and holding globe; star before, seated captive to right; TXXT in exe
Ticinum mint; RIC 154. Cohen 234
1 commentslaney
rjb_lon6_05_06.jpg
(VI)23425 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
-/star//PLN
RIC (VI) 234
mauseus
145234.jpg
001. Julius Caesar124 viewsJulius Caesar. 49-48 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.60 g). Military mint traveling with Caesar. Elephant walking right, trampling on serpent / Simpulum, sprinkler, axe (surmounted by a wolf’s head), and priest’s hat. Crawford 443/1; CRI 9; Sydenham 1006; RSC 49. VF, toned
Ex-Cng
4 commentsecoli
coin234~0.JPG
003. Constans Thessalonica Fel Temp14 viewsRIC VIII Thessalonica 120 C

ecoli
Nero_AE-Semis_NERO-CAESAR-AVG-IMP_CER-_QVINQ-ROM-CO_S-_S-C_RIC-234_C-47_Rome_64-AD__Q-001_h_18mm_4,35g-s.jpg
014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0234, Rome, AE-Semis, CER QVINQ ROM CO,92 views014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0234, Rome, AE-Semis, CER QVINQ ROM CO,
avers:- NERO-CAESAR-AVG-IMP, Laureate head right.
revers:- CER-QVINQ-ROM-CO, SC in ex, mark of value S on table, urn and a wreath set on a table, two griffins on front panel, round shield resting against leg.
exergo: -/-//S-C, diameter: 18mm, weight: 4,35g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 64 A.D., ref: RIC-234, C-47,
Q-001
quadrans
0146.jpg
0146 - Drachm Alexander III the Great 295-75 BC50 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ Zeus Aëtophoros seated on backless throne l., holding eagle on outstretched r.h. and scepter in l.h.; before, MI in monogram; behind, (Α)ΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟ(Υ).

Ag, 19.0 mm, 4.28 g
Mint: Miletus.
Price 2151
ex-CNG, auction e260, lot 234
dafnis
Bela-IV__U-222_C1-234_H-299_1235-1270-AD_Q-001_3h_12,3mm_0,58ga-s.jpg
022. H-299 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-299, CNH I.-234, U-222, AR-Denar, #0186 views022. H-299 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-299, CNH I.-234, U-222, AR-Denar, #01
avers: Emperor facing, draped with Crown, long hair, line border.
reverse: Cross and circle within R, B-E-L-A, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,3 mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: 3h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-299, CNH I.-234, Unger-222,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
0234_SIC_Agat_CNS_II_142.jpg
0234 - AE Hexas Agathocles 317-289 BC4 viewsObv/ Head of Artemis l., wearing earring and necklace, quiver behind shoulder; before, ΣΩTEIΡA
Rev/ Winged thunderbolt, AΓAΘOKΛEOΣ above, BAΣIΛEOΣ below.

AE, 22.0 mm, 9.12 g
Mint: Siracuse.
CNS II/142
ex-Solidus Numismatik, auction 38, lot 41
dafnis
Domitian_AR-Den_CAESAR_AVG-F-DOMITIANVS-_COS-V_RIC-II-242Vesp_new-957_C-49_Roma_78-79-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_17mm_3,18g-s.jpg
024a Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0957, RIC II(1962) 0242(Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Rome, COS V, Horseman, Scarce!, #1154 views024a Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0957, RIC II(1962) 0242(Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Rome, COS V, Horseman, Scarce!, #1
avers:- CAESAR-AVG-F-DOMITIANVS, Laurate head right.
revers:- COS V, Horseman helmeted right hand raised.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 3,18g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 78-79 A.D., ref: RIC 0957, RIC II(1962) 0242(Vespasian) p-43, RSC 49, BMC 234,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
LitraRoma.jpg
026/3 Litra or 1/8 ounce40 viewsAnonymous. Ć Litra or 1/8 ounce. Rome. 234-231 BC. ( 3.43g, 15mm, 5h) Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right Rev: Horse rearing left, wearing bridle, bit, and reins; ROMA below.

Crawford 26/3; Sydenham 29 (Half-litra); Kestner 56-65; BMCRR Romano-Campanian 70-74 (Half-litra)

This coin is attributed as a Litra by Crawford, others define it as half-litra. However, it could be argued that "1/8 ounce piece" is the better description.

First of all, on litra and half-litra:

"According to Crawford, the weight standard of the series 26 litra and half litra are based on a litra of 3.375 grams . The half litra in Crawford is described as having a dog on the reverse rather than a horse, and the average weight of the half litra of several specimens is described as 1.65 grams. BMCRR does refer to these as half litrae; but keep in mind that Grueber was writing circa 1900 and based on older scholarship. Sydenham was writing in the 1950s. Of the three major works cited, Crawford is the most current and likely based on a greater number of more recent finds."

Andrew Mccabe:

"It's very doubtful to me that the word "litra" is correct. Much more likely, these small bronze coins were simply fractions of the Aes Grave cast coinage system, as they come in weights of 1/4, 1/8 and 1/16 ounce, and the Aes Grave coinage generally had denominations from As down to Semuncia (1/2 ounce). So this coin would be 1/8 ounce coin. That's my view, which differs from their long term designation as "Litra", which presume them to be overvalued token bronze coinage on the Sicilian model, whereby bronze coins had value names that indicate a relationship to the silver coinage.

Litra, the word, is from the same stem as Libra, i.e. pound, would suggest a denomination of a (light) Sicilian pound of bronze, which sometimes equates in value to a small silver coin in Sicily weighing about 1/12 didrachm (about 0.6 grams) so by this definition, a Litra = an Obol. But it hardly stands up to scrutiny that such a tiny bronze coin, weighing 3.375 grams, could have been equivalent to a 0.6 gram silver obol. It would imply a massive overvaluation of bronze that just does not seem credible.

So. throw out the Litras, and call these coins 1/8 ounce pieces, and I think we have a sensible answer."

Paddy
037b_Marc-Aurelius_AR-Den_M-ANTONINVS-AVG-TR-P-XXVIII_IMP-VI-COS-II_RIC-289-p-234_C-298_Rome-173-74-AD_Q-001_0h_18,0mm_2,84g-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0289, Rome, AR-Denarius, IMP VI COS III, German seated right at foot of trophy,64 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0289, Rome, AR-Denarius, IMP VI COS III, German seated right at foot of trophy,
avers:- M-ANTONINVS-AVG-TR-P-XXVIII, Laurate head right.
revers:- IMP-VI-COS-III, German seated right at foot of trophy, surrounded by various weapons.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,0mm, weight: 2,84g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date:173-174 A.D., ref: RIC-III-289, p-234, C-298,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
domitian as caesar rider on horse.jpg
04 Domitian as Caesar RIC 957159 viewsAR Denarius, 3.44g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS V; Horseman, helmeted, in military dress, cloak floating behind him, on horse prancing r., with r. hand thrown upwards and back
RIC 957 (C2). BMC 234. RSC 49. BNC 207.
Acquired from Aegean Numismatics, September 2007.

Issued at a time when Domitian was aspiring to an Eastern command against the Alani, Mattingly attributes this type to that cause: The rider is Mars calling Rome to the field of battle.

Other theories suggest the rider is either Domitian or a soldier. Curtis Clay has also proposed the idea that this type may well be of a commemorative nature, since much of Vespasian's coinage are copies of past popular types.

A lovely coin in hand, the portrait was the reason this one found a home in my collection.
1 commentsVespasian70
Medio Follis Justino II SB00361D.jpg
04-10 - Justino II (15/11/565 - 05/10/578 D.C.) 28 viewsAE Medio Follis 21 x 25 mm 7.3 gr.

Anv: "D.N. IVSTINVS PP.AVG." - Emperador a la izquierda y la Emperatriz Sofia a la derecha, sentados de frente en doble trono, ambos nimbados, él porta "Sphaira/globus cruciger/Orbis" (Globo coronado por una cruz) y ella cetro coronado por cruz.
Rev: Gran " K ", "A/N/N/O" a izquierda, " + " arriba, "Signo=5" (Ańo reinal) a derecha y " Δ" (Letra de Officina) debajo.

Acuńada Ańo=5 - 569/70 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla (Off.4ta.)

Referencias: Sear BCTV #361 Pag. 92 - Bellinger D.O. Vol.I #44-58 - B.M.C. #82-100 - Tolstoi M.B. #217-234 - Ratto M.B. #825-833 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #45-51 - Hahn M.I.B. #44a-c
mdelvalle
040_Hunyadi-Matyas,_(Mathias-Corvinus),_(1458-1490_A_D_),_H-718,_C2-234,_U-564_f,_K-P,_P-219-4,_Kremnitz,_1472-78,_Q-001,_1h,_15,5-16,0mm,_0,53g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.f, P-219-04, K/P//--, Madonna and child, #0165 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.f, P-219-04, K/P//--, Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion with Crown). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROn VnGARI•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots,(Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/P//--, were struck by Paul Peck, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5-16,0mm, weight: 0,53g, axis: 1h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1472-1478 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Huszár-718, CNH-2-234, Unger-564.f., Pohl-219-04,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
040_Hunyadi-Matyas,_(Mathias-Corvinus),_(1458-1490_A_D_),_H-718,_C2-234,_U-564_g,_K-A,_P-219-2,_Kremnitz,_1472-78,_Q-001,_2h,_15,0-16,5mm,_0,62g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.g, P-219-02, K/A//--, Madonna and child, #0164 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.g, P-219-02, K/A//--, Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion with Crown). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROnA VnGARIЄ•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots,(Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/A//--, were struck by Augustin Langsfelder, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0-16,5mm, weight: 0,62g, axis: 2h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1472-1478 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Huszár-718, CNH-2-234, Unger-564.g., Pohl-219-02,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_563x_C2-236_H-716_m_mAThIE_R_hVnGARIE__PATROn-VnGAR__K_P-V_Q-001_10h_15,5-16,5mm_0,44g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.e, P-219-05, K/ P/V//--, Madonna and child, #01115 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-718, C2-234, U-564.e, P-219-05, K/ P/V//--, Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠m•mAThIЄ•R•hVnGARIЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion with Crown). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROn VnGAR•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots,(Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ P/V//--, were struck by Paul Peck/Veit Mühlstein, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 0,44g, axis: 10h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1472-1478 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Huszár-718, CNH-2-234, Unger-564.e., Pohl-219-05,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_564_c_C2-234_H-718_mOnETA_mAThIE_R_VnGARI__PATROn-VnGARI__K_Sigma_Q-001_6h_16mm_0,46g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-564.c., Madonna and child, #0196 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-564.c., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•hVnGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROn VnGARI•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ G//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 16,0mm, weight: 0,46g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1472-1478 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-564.c., CNH-2-234, Huszár-718, Pohl-219-03,
Q-001

quadrans
RI 064al img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 234 20 viewsObv:– SEVERVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– P M TR P XVIII COS III P P, Neptune, god of the Sea, stands facing left, his right foot upon a rock, holding his Trident & rostina, hand on knee
Minted in Rome, 209 A.D
References:– VM 126/2, RIC 234, RSC 543
maridvnvm
97Hadrian__RIC715.jpg
0715 Hadrian As Roma 132-34 AD Clementia standing28 viewsReference.
Strack 821; RIC 715var (bust); C. 234/235

Obv.HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Bare-headed, draped bust right.

Rev. CLEMENTIA AVG P P in field S-C in ex COS III
Clementia, draped, standing left, holding patera in extended right hand and vertical sceptre in left

14.94 gr
26 mm
6h
okidoki
RI_087am_img.jpg
087 - Gordian III denarius - RIC 08111 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped bust right
Rev:– P M TR P III COS P P, Gordian riding left on horseback.
Minted in Rome
Reference:– RIC 81. RSC 234
maridvnvm
RI_087ah_img.jpg
087 - Gordian III, Denarius - RIC 08120 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed
Rev:– P M TR P III COS P P, Gordian riding left on horseback.
Minted in Rome
Reference:– RIC 81. RSC 234
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Postumus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-POSTVMVS-PF-AVG_VICTORIA-AVG_RIC-V-II-234-p-355_C-386_Lugdunum-AD_Q-001_5h_21-24mm_2,62gax-s.jpg
098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 089, AE-Antoninianus, VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing left, #1204 views098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 089, AE-Antoninianus, VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing left, #1
avers: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm; seated captive to left.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 21,0-24,0mm, weight: 2,62g, axes: 5h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 260-269 A.D.,
ref: RIC V-II 089, RSC 377, Sear 10996,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_S_XXIVI_RIC-V-I-244_T-2342_6th-off_8th-iss_Siscia_274-AD_Q-001_6h_22mm_4,60gx-s~0.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2342, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, S//XXIVI, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand, #173 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2342, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, S//XXIVI, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand, #1
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Cocordia 1)
exerg: S//XXIVI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,60g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, iss-8, off-6, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-2342 (Estiot), RIC V-I 244,
Q-001
quadrans
IMG_2346.JPG
11 Constantius Gallus30 viewsConstantius Gallus
Rome
4,79 gm., 23 mm
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right,Delta behind / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet, clutching. Gamma left, R wreath epsilon in ex.
Rome 261 Rare
Randygeki(h2)
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG_FIDES-MILIT_XXI-E_(D2,F6)_RIC-V-I-30_p-_T-4234_Rome_iss_-1_off_-5_276-AD_Q-001_11h_21-21,5mm_3,67g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4234, RIC V-I 030, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILIT, -/-//XXIE, Bust-D2, Fides standing left, #1170 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4234, RIC V-I 030, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILIT, -/-//XXIE, Bust-D2, Fides standing left, #1
avers: IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, (D2).
revers: FIDES-MILIT, Fides standing left, holding long sceptre in right hand and transverse standard in left hand, (Fides 6).
exerg: -/-//XXIE, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 3,67g, axes: 110h,
mint: Roma, 1st.issue, 5th.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-30, T-(Estiot)-4234,
Q-001
quadrans
RI 122e img.jpg
122 - Claudius II Gothicus Ant. - RIC 234 33 viewsObv:– IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped bust right
Rev:– FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna standing left holding rudder and cornucopiae
Minted in Cyzicus. A.D. 268-270
Reference:– Van Meter 14. RIC 234. Cohen 102
maridvnvm
RI_130ay_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - Siscia mint unlisted25 viewsObv:– IMP C M CLA TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVG, Pax advancing left holding branch and transverse sceptre
Minted in Siscia (Q in left field)
References:– RIC -. La Venera -. Estiot p. 368, specimens in Vienna and Sirmium Hoard.

There are no examples of this coin in LaVenera though there is an equivalent coin with the Q in exe, LV 1799 (2 examples cited, 2234-2235). The usual type is Pax standing.
maridvnvm
RI_132xc_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 234 - Bust Type H26 viewsObv:– IMP C M [AVR] PROBV[S] P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, scepter surmounted by eagle in right hand
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGVSTI, Soldier standing left, right hand resting on shield, spear in left
Minted in Rome (//RE) Emission 2, Officina 5. A.D. 277
Reference(s) – RIC 234 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI_132hb_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 810 - Bust Type G (Siscia) (XXIT)20 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy
Minted in Siscia (XXIT in exe) Emission 4 Officina 3. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 810 Bust Type G. Alföldi type 96, n° 234
maridvnvm
Licinius-l__IMP-LICINIVS-PF-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVATORI-AVG-N-N_B_SIS_RIC-VI-234a-p-485-c2-1a-C_C-_313-AD-Siscia_Q-001_axis-6h_21-24mm_3,69g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 234a, -/B//SIS, Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG N N,94 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 234a, -/B//SIS, Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG N N,
avers:- IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, 1a, C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, .
revers:- IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG N N, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; eagle with wreath to left, B in the left fied.
exergo: -/B//SIS, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 313 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-234a, p-485, c2,
Q-001
quadrans
RI 146ag img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC VI Lugdunum 234 (Senior Augustus)15 viewsObv:– DN MAXIMIANO P F S AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing left, modius on head, loins draped, right hand holding patera, left hand holding cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (N in right field, PLG in exe). November to December A.D. 307
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 234 (S) Bastien Volume XI 427 (5 examples)
maridvnvm
1526_-_1530_Henry_VIII_AR_Halfgroat.JPG
1509 - 1547, HENRY VIII, AR Half-groat, Struck 1515 - 1530 at York, England under Archbishop Thomas (Cardinal) Wolsey3 viewsObverse: HENRIC•VIII•D•G•R•AGL•Z•F•. Youthful profile crowned bust of Henry VIII facing right within circle of pellets. Mint-mark: Voided cross.
Reverse: CIVITAS EBORACI. Shield bearing coat-of-arms on cross fourchée; T - W in upper field divided by shield; galero (cardinal's hat) below.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.0gm | Die Axis: 8
Virtually uncirculated but with a dark, almost black, tone
SPINK: 2346

The T W on the reverse of this coin refers to Thomas Wolsey, known to posterity as Cardinal Wolsey, one of the most powerful figures at the court of Henry VIII. Although this coin is undated, the issue of Henry VIII's second coinage only began in 1526 and so, since Cardinal Wolsey died in 1530, it must have been struck between those two dates.

Cardinal Wolsey
When Henry VIII became King of England in 1509 he appointed Thomas Wolsey to the post of Almoner, a position that gave him a seat on the Privy Council and an opportunity for establishing a personal rapport with the King to such an extent that by 1514 Wolsey had become the controlling figure in virtually all matters of state. In 1515, he was awarded the title Archbishop of York and this, followed by his appointment that same year as Cardinal by Pope Leo X, gave him precedence over all other English clerics. His ecclesiastical power advanced even further in 1523 when the Bishop of Durham, a post with wide political powers, was added to his titles.
After Wolsey attained the position of Lord Chancellor, the King's chief adviser, he had achieved more power than any other Crown servant in English history and during his fourteen years of chancellorship Wolsey, who was often alluded to as an alter rex (other king), used his power to neutralise the influence of anyone who might threaten his position..
In spite of having made many enemies, Cardinal Wolsey retained Henry VIII's confidence until, in 1527, the King decided to seek an annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon so that he could marry Anne Boleyn. Henry asked Wolsey to negotiate the annulment with the Pope and in 1528 the Pope decided to allow two papal legates, Wolsey himself and Cardinal Campeggio, to decide the outcome in England. Wolsey was confident of the outcome, but Campeggio took a long time to arrive, and then he delayed proceedings so much, that the case had to be suspended and the Pope decided that the official decision should therefore be made in Rome and not in England.
After his failure to negotiate the annulment, Wolsey fell out of favour with Henry and in 1529 he was stripped of his government office and property, including the magnificent Palace of Hampton Court, which Henry took as his own main London residence.
Wolsey was however permitted to retain the title of Archbishop of York and so he travelled to Yorkshire, for the first time in his career, to carry out those duties.
Now that he was no longer protected by Henry, Wolsey's enemies, including it is rumoured, Ann Boleyn, conspired against him and Henry had him arrested and recalled to London to answer to charges of treason. But Wolsey, now in great distress, fell ill on the journey back to the capital and at Leicester, on 29 November 1530, aged about 57, he died from natural causes before he could be beheaded.
*Alex
Jovianus_AE-1-28_DN-IOVIANV-S-PF-AVG_VICTORIA-ROMANORVM_TES-Gamma_Thessalonica_RIC-VIII-234_Q-001_5h_28-29mm_6,32g-s.jpg
154 Jovianus (363-364 A.D.), Sirmium, RIC VIII 234, AE-1, VICTORIA ROMANORVM, -/-//TESΓ, Jovian standing front, Scarce ! #1209 views154 Jovianus (363-364 A.D.), Sirmium, RIC VIII 234, AE-1, VICTORIA ROMANORVM, -/-//TESΓ, Jovian standing front, Scarce ! #1
avers:- D N IOVIA NVS P F AVG, Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers: VICTORIA ROMANORVM, Jovian standing front, head right, holding Victory and labarum.
exergo: -/-//TESΓ, diameter: 28-29mm, weight: 6,32g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 363-64 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 234, p-, Scarce !
Q-001
quadrans
m.aurel as-victory.jpg
161-180 AD - MARCUS AURELIUS AE as - struck 177-178 AD35 viewsobv: M ANTONINVS AVG TRP XXXII (laureate head right)
rev: IMP VIIII COS III PP (Victory advancing left, holding wreath & palm), S-C in field
ref: RIC III 1234, C.372
10.15gms, 24mm,
berserker
RI_163g_img.jpg
163 - Helena - RIC VII Lugdunum 23428 viewsObv:– FL HELENA AVGVSTA, Diademed, draped bust right
Rev:– SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE, Securitas, standing left, holding branch
Minted in Lugdunum (//PLC). A.D. 324-325
Reference(s) – Bastien 192 (13 examples cited). RIC 234 (R2)
1 commentsMartin Griffiths
RI_163h_img.jpg
163 - Helena - RIC VII Lugdunum 23415 viewsObv:– FL HELENA AVGVSTA, Diademed, draped bust right
Rev:– SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE, Securitas, standing left, holding branch
Minted in Lugdunum (//PLC). A.D. 324-325
Reference(s) – Bastien 192 (13 examples cited). RIC 234 (R2)
maridvnvm
RI_169ax_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE3 - RIC VIII Trier 23437 viewsAE3
Obv:- DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right,
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Nimbate Phoenix standing right on globe
Minted in Trier; (//TRS .),
Reference:– RIC VIII Trier 234 (C2)
3 commentsmaridvnvm
IMG_4768.JPG
178. Constans (337-350 A.D.)51 viewsAv.: DN CONSTANS PF AVG
Rv.: FEL TEMP REPARATIO
Ex.: epsilon SIS dot

AE Follis Ř17-19 / 2.4g
RIC VIII Siscia 234
3 commentsJuancho
RIC_539a_Dupondio_Vespasiano.jpg
18-29 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)16 viewsAE Dupondius 28 mm 10.4 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAES VESP AVG PM T P COS IIII CENS" - Busto radiado viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "FELICITAS PVBLICA - S C" - Felicitas (La Felicidad) de pié a izq. sosteniendo Caduceo en mano izquierda y Cornucopia en derecha.

Acuńada 73 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #539a Pag.78 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #2346 var. Pag.443 - BMCRE #661 - Cohen Vol.1 #151 Pag.379 - DVM #83 Pag.103
mdelvalle
RIC_555_AS_Vespasiano.jpg
18-30 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)19 viewsAE Dupondius 26 mm 9.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAES VESP AVG PM T P COS V CENS" - Busto radiado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "FELICITAS PVBLICA - S C" - Felicitas (La Felicidad) de pié a izq. sosteniendo Caduceo en mano izquierda y Cornucopia en derecha.

Acuńada 74 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #555 Pag.80 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #2346 Pag.443 - BMCRE #698 - Cohen Vol.1 #152 Pag.379 - DVM #83 Pag.103 - CBN #714
mdelvalle
xl_reis_1816.jpg
1816 XL reis 24 views KM# 234
Features
Country Brazil
Years 1802-1817
Value XL Réis (40)
Metal Copper
Diameter 36 mm
Thickness 1.1 mm
xokleng
BOTLAUREL_2014.JPG
201453 viewsTHIS YEAR'S WINNERS
CLICK ON A COIN FOR ITS DETAILS

*Alex
rjb_amasia_05_06.jpg
22231 viewsSeverus Alexander 222-38 AD
AE 38 mm
Amasia in Pontus
Sol in quadriga atop an altar
c.234/5 AD
Rec Gen 107
1 commentsmauseus
1234Hadrian_RIC226.jpg
226 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Hadrian & Roma standing8 viewsReference.
RIC II 226; Strack 220; C. 80

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate head right

Rev. ADVENTVS AVG
Roma standing right, holding reverted spear and clasping hands with Hadrian standing left and holding roll.

3.16 gr
18 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
siscia3.jpg
234 Constantine I16 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: ASIS(double crescent)
hill132
601Hadrian_RIC234.JPG
234 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-138 AD Felicitas standing15 viewsReference.
Strack 231; RIC 234a

Obv: HADRIANVS - AVG COS III P P
Bare head right

Rev: FELICITAS AVG
Felicitas standing left holding short caduceus and branch

3.18 gr
17 mm
h
okidoki
57Hadrian__RIC234.jpg
234 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-138 AD Felicitas standing22 viewsReference.
Strack 231; RIC 234

Obv: HADRIANVS - AVG COS III P P
laureate head right

Rev: FELICITAS AVG
Felicitas standing left holding short caduceus and branch

3.0 gr
18 mm
okidoki
rjb_max1_10_07.jpg
23538 viewsMaximinus I 235-8 AD
AE 24 mm
Thessalonica in Macedon
Kabeiros standing left holding rhyto and hammer
Lindgren II 1234, BMC 111v, SNG Cop 425v
1 commentsmauseus
171Hadrian__RIC238.jpg
238 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Felicitas standing23 viewsReference.
RIC 238b; Strack 234

Obv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P.
Bare-headed bust right, slight drapery, and across back of neck (rarely seen)

Rev: FELICITAS P R.
Felicitas standing left with branch and cornucopia.

3.20 gr
18 mm.
okidoki
Severus Alexander.jpg
29 Severus Alexander 90 viewsDenarius. 234 AD. IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate, draped bust right / P M TR P XIII COS III P P, Sol advancing left raising hand & holding whip. RIC 123, RSC 448, BMC 950. Weight 3.37 g. Die Axis 6 hr. Max dia 21.7 mm

mix_val
coin234.JPG
301. Maximinus37 viewsMaximinus Thrax

The first of the "soldier-emperors," Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus spent all three years of his reign on campaign. Although Rome's senatorial elite was eventually able to bring about the downfall of this non-aristocratic emperor, the victory was only a temporary check on the rising importance of the military in the third century. The historical tradition has been universally unkind to Maximinus. His arrival on the throne was similar to that of Macrinus, the only previous emperor who had not been a member of the senatorial class at the time of his accession. Yet unlike Macrinus, Maximinus was a career soldier from a backwards province who had little or no formal education. Maximinus came to be described as a ruthless, semi-barbarian tyrant, and by late antiquity he was regularly referred to with the ethnic epithet Thrax, "the Thracian."

Denarius. IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped bust right / VICTORIA AVG, Victory running right. RIC 16, RSC 99
ecoli
141207.jpg
302a Pupienus79 viewsPupienus, born about 178, was an example of ascension in the Roman hierarchical system due to military success. He started as a primus pilus and became a military tribune, praetor, consul (twice) and governor of several Roman provinces including the troublesome Germania Inferior. In 234 he was prefect of Rome and gained a reputation for severity.

The relation between Balbinus and Pupienus had been clouded with suspicion from the start, with both fearing an assassination from the other. They were planning an enormous double campaign, Pupienus against the Parthians and Balbinus against the Carpians, but they quarrelled frequently. It was during one of these heavy discussions, on July 29, that the Praetorian guard decided to intervene. They stormed into the room containing the emperors and killed them both. On the same day, the boy Caesar, generally known in English as Gordian III, was proclaimed emperor.

Pupienus. AD 238. Ć Sestertius (31mm, 25.78 g). Rome mint. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm. RIC IV 23. Fair, brown patina.

Ex-CNG sale 141, lot 207, 215/100

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1 commentsecoli
coin508.JPG
314. Claudius II37 viewsMarcus Aurelius Claudius Gothicus (May 10, 213/214 - January, 270), more often referred to as Claudius II, ruled the Roman Empire for less than two years (268 - 270), but during that brief time, he was so successful and beloved by the people of Rome that he attained divine status.

His origin is uncertain. Claudius was either from Syrmia (Sirmium; in Pannonia Inferior) or from Dardania (in Moesia Superior). Claudius was the commander of the Roman army that defeated decisively the Goths at the battle of Naissus, in September 268; in the same month, he attained the throne, amid charges, never proven, that he murdered his predecessor Gallienus. However, he soon proved to be less than bloodthirsty, as he asked the Roman Senate to spare the lives of Gallienus' family and supporters. He was less magnanimous toward Rome's enemies, however, and it was to this that he owed his popularity.

Claudius, like Maximinus Thrax before him, was of barbarian birth. After an interlude of failed aristocratic Roman emperors since Maximinus's death, Claudius was the first in a series of tough soldier-emperors who would eventually restore the Empire from the Crisis of the third century.

At the time of his accession, the Roman Empire was in serious danger from several incursions, both within and outside its borders. The most pressing of these was an invasion of Illyricum and Pannonia by the Goths. Not long after being named emperor (or just prior to Gallienus' death, depending on the source), he won his greatest victory, and one of the greatest in the history of Roman arms.

At the Battle of Naissus, Claudius and his legions routed a huge Gothic army. Together with his cavalry commander, the future Emperor Aurelian, the Romans took thousands of prisoners, destroyed the Gothic cavalry as a force and stormed their chariot laager (a circular alignment of battle-wagons long favored by the Goths). The victory earned Claudius his surname of "Gothicus" (conqueror of the Goths), and that is how he is known to this day. More importantly, the Goths were soon driven back across the Danube River, and a century passed before they again posed a serious threat to the empire.

While this was going on, the Germanic tribe known as the Alamanni had crossed the Alps and attacked the empire. Claudius responded quickly and swiftly, routing the Alamanni at the Battle of Lake Benacus in the late fall of 268, a few months after the battle of Naissus. He then turned on the "Gallic Empire", ruled by a pretender for the past 15 years and encompassing Britain, Gaul and Spain. He won several victories and soon regained control of Spain and the Rhone river valley of Gaul. This set the stage for the ultimate destruction of the Gallic Empire under Aurelian.

However, Claudius did not live long enough to fulfill his goal of reuniting all the lost territories of the empire. Late in 269 he was preparing to go to war against the Vandals, who were raiding in Pannonia. However, he fell victim to an epidemic of plague and died early in January of 270. Before his death, he is thought to have named Aurelian as his successor, although Claudius' brother Quintillus briefly seized power.

The Senate immediately deified Claudius as "Divus Claudius Gothicus", making him one of the few Roman emperors of the period to be so honored.

Historia Augusta reports Claudius and Quintillus having another brother named Crispus and through him a niece. Said niece Claudia reportedly married Eutropius and was mother to Constantius Chlorus. Historians however suspect this account to be a genealogical fabrication by Constantine the Great.

Claudius II Gothicus AE Antoninianus. Cyzicus mint. IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped bust right / FORTUNA REDUX, Fortuna standing left with rudder & cornucopiae. RIC 234, Cohen 88.
ecoli
Denario FAUSTINA RIC 394.jpg
32-09 - FAUSTINA MADRE (138 - 141 D.C.)40 viewsAR Denario 17 mm 3.2 gr.

Anv: "DIVA AVG FAVSTINA" - Busto vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PIETAS AVG" - Pietas (La piedad) velada de pié a izquierda dejando caer incienso sobre un altar con mano derecha y sosteniendo una botellita de perfume ó cajita en mano izquierda.

Acuńada 141 - 161 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.III #394a Pag.74 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #4598 Pag.270 - BMCRE #311 - Cohen Vol.II #234 Pag.431 - St. Vol.III #428 - RSC Vol. II #234 Pag.196
mdelvalle
RIC_394a_Denario_Faustina_I.jpg
32-09 - FAUSTINA MADRE (138 - 141 D.C.)8 viewsAR Denario 17 mm 3.2 gr.

Anv: "DIVA AVG FAVSTINA" - Busto vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PIETAS AVG" - Pietas (La piedad) velada de pié a izquierda dejando caer incienso sobre un altar con mano derecha y sosteniendo una botellita de perfume ó cajita en mano izquierda.

Acuńada 141 - 161 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.III #394a Pag.74 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #4598 Pag.270 - BMCRE IV #313 Pag.46 - Cohen Vol.II #234 Pag.431 - St. Vol.III #428 - RSC Vol. II #234 Pag.196
mdelvalle
RIC_786_Denario_Lucila.jpg
36-02 - LUCILA (164 - 180 D.C.)12 viewsAR Denario 19 x 17 mm 2.7 gr.

Annia Aurelia Galeria Lucila (7 de marzo de 150 - 182) fue la hija mayor del emperador romano Marco Aurelio y Faustina la Menor y hermana de Cómodo. En el ańo 164 d. C., el emperador Marco Aurelio casó a su hija Annia Lucilla, con su socio en el poder y hermano de adopción Lucio Aurelio Vero. Después de la muerte del emperador Lucio Vero en 169, Lucila se volvió a casar, esta vez con Claudius Pompeianus y se entregó al desenfreno y depravación, viviendo incluso una incestuosa relación con su hermano Cómodo. El emperador Cómodo sufrió numerosos complots y después de descubrir algunos de ellos, empezó un periodo de terror en el que numerosas personalidades influyentes fueron acusadas y condenadas a muerte. Incluso sus más allegados, como su esposa Crispina y su hermana Lucila fueron acusadas de traición, deportadas a Caprea (isla de Capri) y más tarde asesinadas. Lucila había realmente conspirado junto con un grupo de senadores, pero durante el ańo 182 fue descubierta y murió en Capri, por orden de emperador. Los senadores líderes también fueron ejecutados. [Fuente WIKIPEDIA]

Anv: "LVCILLA AVGVSTA"- Busto con rodete y vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VENVS VICTRIX" - Venus estante a izquierda portando Victoriola en la mano derecha extendida y apoyando la izquierda en un escudo.

Acuńada 166 - 169 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.III (Marco Aurelio) #786 Pag.276 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #5492 – BMCRE IV #353 Pag.432 (Plate 59 #10) - Cohen Vol.III #89 Pag.222 - DVM #15 Pag.158 – RSC II #89 Pag.234 - MIR.18/45 -4
mdelvalle
234_P_Hadrian_BMC_299.jpg
3694 SYRIA Antioch. Hadrian, As ΓΔ below.29 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3694; BMC Galatia 299, p186; McAlee 536(b)

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС Θ ΤΡ Π ΥΙ Θ ΝΕΡ ΥΙω ΤΡ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑС
Laureate and cuirassed bust right Countermark Laurel-branch

Rev. S • C
In laurel wreath beneath ΓΔ

14.10 gr
26 mm
12h

According to Howgego, the laurel branch countermark appears as an undertype on a Bar Kochba bronze, indicating that it was applied prior to 132-5 AD.
okidoki
385_P_Hadrian_BMC_226.JPG
3875 PHOENICIA, Sidon. Hadrian AE 117-18 AD Car of Astarte39 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3875; BMC Phoenicia (pg. 181), 226; SNG Copenhagen 253; AUB 234

Issue Year 228?

Obv. ΣΙΔΟΝΟ - Σ ΘΕΑΣ (SIDONO-S QEAS)
Laureate head right.

Rev. [HKΣ] or ZΚΣ (date) in exergue.
Car of Astarte: Baetyle within, set on two-wheeled base.

8.65 gr
24 mm
1 commentsokidoki
1135_P_Hadrian_RPC3875.jpg
3875 PHOENICIA, Sidon. Hadrian AE 117-18 AD Car of Astarte13 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3875; SNG Copenhagen 253; AUB 234; Rouvier 1745, BMC 226-8, Abou Diwan 1678-715

Issue Year 228

Obv. ΣΙΔΟΝΟ - Σ ΘΕΑΣ (SIDONO-S QEAS)
Laureate head right.

Rev. HKΣ
Car of Astarte: Baetyle within, set on two-wheeled base.

11.80 gr
28 mm
12h

Note.
Broad flan for issue
okidoki
SevAlex-tet-yr-14.jpg
39. Severus Alexander, year 14.20 viewsTetradrachm, Year 14 (234 / 235 AD), Alexandria, Egypt.
Obverse: A KAI MAP AVP CEV AΛEΞANΔPOC EC / Laureate bust of Severus Alexander.
Reverse: L IΔ / Zeus seated, holding sceptre and patera. Eagle at feet, palm branch behind.
13.42 gm., 22.5 mm.
Koln 2496.
1 commentsCallimachus
DSC05234.JPG
4 - Bandeja297 viewsCada Bandeja tiene 90 perforaciones de 40 mm de diámetro y está compuesta por dos piezas de MDF enchapadas en roble con una felpa de terciopelo gris intermedia.mdelvalle
1240643_566258523411063_247445832_n.jpg
4 Constans 39 viewsConstans AE3. 348-350 AD. D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, phoenix, radiate, standing right on rocky mound, GSIS dot in ex
RIC VIII Siscia 232. Cohen 22.
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Denario_Septimio_Severo_RIC_91_106.jpg
46-03 - SEPTIMIO SEVERO (193 - 211 D.C.)41 viewsAR Denario 15x17 mm 2.8 gr.

Anv: "L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP [VIIII]" – Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PROFEC-T-[IO AVG]" – El Emperador vestido militarmente galopando a derecha, portando una lanza en la mano derecha.

Esta emisión refiere a la salida hacia el Este del Emperador, para reasumir la conducción de la Guerra contra los Partos, después de derrotar a Clodio Albino en el Oeste.

Acuńada 15 ava. Emisión 197 D.C.
Ceca: Roma Off. 4ta.
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte I #106D Pag.103 – Sear (1988) #1782 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #6353 var. (Ceca) Pag.465 – BMCRE Vol.6 #W 234 y W 466 - Cohen Vol.IV #580 Pag.61 - RSC Vol. III #580 Pag.42 - DVM #129 Pag.186 - Hill CSS#2/277 – Foss #19
mdelvalle
RIC_106_Denario_Septimio_Severo.jpg
46-05 - SEPTIMIO SEVERO (193 - 211 D.C.)11 viewsAR Denario 15x17 mm 2.8 gr.

Anv: "L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP [VIIII]" – Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PROFEC-T-[IO AVG]" – El Emperador vestido militarmente galopando a derecha, portando una lanza en la mano derecha.

Esta emisión refiere a la salida hacia el Este del Emperador, para reasumir la conducción de la Guerra contra los Partos, después de derrotar a Clodio Albino en el Oeste.

Acuńada 4ta. Emisión 197 D.C.
Ceca: Roma Off. 4ta.
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte I #106D Pag.103 – Sear (1988) #1782 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #6353 var. (Ceca) Pag.465 – BMCRE V #234-5 Pag.58 (Plate 11 #3) - Cohen Vol.IV #580 Pag.61 - RSC Vol. III #580 Pag.42 - DVM #129 Pag.186 - Hill CSS#2/277 – Foss #19 - Salgado II/1 #4122.i Pag.83
mdelvalle
Moushmov_920_Nicopolis_Septimio_Severo.jpg
46-60 - SEPTIMIO SEVERO (193 - 211 D.C.)11 viewsNICOPOLIS ad ISTRUM Moesia Inferior
Magistrado Aurelius Gallus.

AE Pentassaria 26 mm 9.8 gr.

Anv: "AVT K Λ CEΠ CEVHPOC CEP" – Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: ”VΠ AY ΓAΛΛOV NIKOΠOΛEITΩN ΠPOC – NIke/Victoria estante a izquierda, apoyada en una columna con su codo izquierdo, portando guirnalda y hoja de palma.

Acuńada: 193 - 211 D.C.

Referencias: Moushmov #920 - Varbanov I #2640 Pag.234 - AMNG Vol.I/1 #1300 Pag.364
mdelvalle
SevAlex-RIC-123.jpg
47. Severus Alexander year XIII.9 viewsDenarius, 234 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG / Laureate bust of Severus Alexander.
Reverse: P M TR P XIII COS III P P / Sol walking, holding whip.
3.19 gm., 19 mm.
RIC #123; Sear #7916.
Callimachus
Denario Geta RIC 18v.jpg
50-02 - GETA Como Cesar de Septimius Severus (198 - 209 D.C.)35 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "P SEPT GETA CAES PONT" - Busto a cabeza desnuda, vestido y viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PRINC IVVENTVTIS" (Principe joven) - Geta de pié a izquierda, con ropajes militares, sosteniendo un bastón de mando en mano derecha y cetro largo vertical en izquierda. Detrás suyo un trofeo sobre escudo.

Acuńada 7ma. Emisión 200 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.5ta)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte I #18 Pag.316 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #7196 Pag.565 - BMCRE #S234/9 Pag.198 - Cohen Vol.IV #157 Pag.270 - RSC Vol. III #157b Pag.97 - DVM #34-1 Pag.202 - Hill CSS#423 - Salgado II/1 #4507.c P.153
1 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_18_Denario_Geta.jpg
50-02 - GETA Como Cesar de Septimius Severus (198 - 209 D.C.)14 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "P SEPT GETA CAES PONT" - Busto a cabeza desnuda, vestido y viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PRINC IVVENTVTIS" (Principe joven) - Geta de pié a izquierda, con ropajes militares, sosteniendo un bastón de mando en mano derecha y cetro largo vertical en izquierda. Detrás suyo un trofeo sobre escudo.

Acuńada 7ma. Emisión 200 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.5ta)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte I #18 Pag.316 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #7196 Pag.565 - BMCRE #S234/9 Pag.198 - Cohen Vol.IV #157 Pag.270 - RSC Vol. III #157b Pag.97 - DVM #34-1 Pag.202 - Hill CSS#423 - Salgado II/1 #4507.c P.153
mdelvalle
02343p00~0.jpg
66. Septimius Severus Denarius50 viewsRome Mint, late 201 A.D.

Parthicus Maximus
comemorates Severus' victory over the Parthians in 201 AD.
two parthian captives at the feet of a Roman.
Zam
Antoniniano Herenio Etrusco RIC 161a.jpg
75-02 - HERENIO ETRUSCO Como Cesar de Trajano Decio (250 - 251 D.C.)42 viewsAR Antoniniano 23 x 21 mm 5.2 gr.
Hijo de Trajano Decio

Anv: "[HEREN E]TRV MES Q V DECIVS CAESAR" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado viendo a derecha, "[···]" debajo del Busto.
Rev: "VICTORIA AVG" - Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando corona de laureles en mano del brazo derecho extendido y hoja de palma en izquierda.

Acuńada 250 - 251 D.C.
Ceca: Antiochia - Hoy Antaklyah Siria

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #161a Pag.141 - Cohen Vol.V #NO LISTADA - RSC Vol. IV #40b Pag.30 - DVM #21 Pag.234
mdelvalle
RIC_161a_Antoniniano_Herenio_Etrusco.jpg
75-02 - HERENIO ETRUSCO Como Cesar de Trajano Decio (250 - 251 D.C.)15 viewsAR Antoniniano 23 x 21 mm 5.2 gr.
Hijo de Trajano Decio

Anv: "[HEREN E]TRV MES Q V DECIVS CAESAR" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado viendo a derecha, "[···]" debajo del Busto.
Rev: "VICTORIA AVG" - Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando corona de laureles en mano del brazo derecho extendido y hoja de palma en izquierda.

Acuńada 250 - 251 D.C.
Ceca: Antiochia - Hoy Antaklyah Siria

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #161a Pag.141 - Cohen Vol.V #NO LISTADA - RSC Vol. IV #40b Pag.30 - DVM #21 Pag.234
mdelvalle
Antoniniano_HOSTILIANO_RIC_177b_1.jpg
76-02 - HOSTILIANO Como Cesar de Trajano Decio (250 - 251 D.C.) 38 viewsAR Antoniniano 23 x 21 mm 3.7 gr.
Hijo de Trajano Decio

Anv: "C VALENS HOSTIL MES QVINTVS N C" - Busto radiado y vestido viendo a derecha
Rev: "MARTI PROPVGNATORI" - Marte avanzando a derecha, portando una jabalina en mano der. y escudo en izq.

Acuńada 6ta. y 7ma. Emisión del 251 D.C.
Ceca: 5to.Taller Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #177b Pag.144 - Cohen Vol.V #15 Pag.226 - RSC Vol. IV #15 Pag.32 - SRCV III #9556 Pag.222 - Sear '88 #2755 - DVM #7 Pag.234 - Hunter #3
mdelvalle
RIC_177b_Antoniniano_Hostiliano.jpg
76-02 - HOSTILIANO Como Cesar de Trajano Decio (250 - 251 D.C.) 12 viewsAR Antoniniano 23 x 21 mm 3.7 gr.
Hijo de Trajano Decio

Anv: "C VALENS HOSTIL MES QVINTVS N C" - Busto radiado y vestido viendo a derecha
Rev: "MARTI PROPVGNATORI" - Marte avanzando a derecha, portando una jabalina en mano der. y escudo en izq.

Acuńada 6ta. y 7ma. Emisión del 251 D.C.
Ceca: 5to.Taller Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #177b Pag.144 - Cohen Vol.V #15 Pag.226 - RSC Vol. IV #15 Pag.32 - SRCV III #9556 Pag.222 - Sear '88 #2755 - DVM #7 Pag.234 - Hunter #3
mdelvalle
AntoSeRIC644.jpg
8. Janus, first king of Italy, and inventor of civilisation65 viewsSestertius minted AD 140, Rome. 24.70g, Ř 32mm, 12h. RIC 644, Cohen 881, Foss 55
Obv.: ANTONINVS - AVG PIVS PP, laurate head right.
Rev.: TR POT COS III round edge SC in field, Janus standing facing, holding sceptre.
ex CNG eAuction 233 lot 335 (June 2010); ex the John Bitner Collection of Secular Games Coinage; ex Astarte XV (27 November 2004), lot 234.

Sestertius issued in preparation of the 900th anniversary of Rome, celebrated on 21 April 147.
Janus was believed to be first king of Italy, serving as both leader and teacher to all within his lands. In honor of his deeds, he was elevated to the status of a deity by the Romans, with Romulus himself, one of the mythical founders of Rome, building and dedicating the Temple of Janus.
2 commentsCharles S
RIC_67_Antoniniano_Victorino.jpg
91-02 - VICTORINO (269 - 271 D.C.)13 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 x 19 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SALVS AVG" - Salus (La Salud) de pié a derecha,alimentando una serpiente que sostiene en sus brazos.

Acuńada 2da. Emisión finales 269 - mitad 270 D.C.
Ceca: Colonia - Alemania

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #67 Pag.393 (C) - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11179 Pag.384 (Mainz ó Trier) - Sear RCTV (1988) #3169 - Cohen Vol.VI #112 Pag.81 - DVM #12/1 Pag.270 - Cunetio #2567 - Elmer #732 - AGK #21c (C5) - Hunter #21 - L.E.G.PPS #234 P.LX
mdelvalle
Antoniniano Tetrico I RIC 70.jpg
92-02 - TETRICO I (271 - 274 D.C.)56 viewsBillon Antoniniano 19 x 18 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP TETR[ICVS P F] AVG" - Busto radiado y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[FIDES M]ILITVM" - Fides (La Fidelidad) de pié a izquierda, portando un estandarte militar en cada mano de sus brazos extendidos.

Acuńada 4ta. Emisión finales 271 D.C.
Ceca: Colonia Alemania
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #70 Pag.407 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11234 var. Pag.391 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3176 - Cohen Vol.VI #37 Pag.96 - DVM #3 Pag.270 - Cunieto #2638 - Elmer #784 - AGK #3f
1 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_70_Antoniniano_Tetrico_I.jpg
92-02 - TETRICO I (271 - 274 D.C.)10 viewsAE Antoniniano 19 x 18 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP TETR[ICVS P F] AVG" - Busto radiado y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[FIDES M]ILITVM" - Fides (La Fidelidad) de pié a izquierda, portando un estandarte militar en cada mano de sus brazos extendidos.

Acuńada 4ta. Emisión finales 271 D.C.
Ceca: Colonia Alemania

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #70 Pag.407 (C) - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11234 var. Pag.391 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3176 - Cohen Vol.VI #37 Pag.96 - DVM #3 Pag.270 - Cunetio #2638 - Elmer #784 - AGK #3f (C3) - L.E.G.PPS #298 P.LXXIV
mdelvalle
Antoniniano Tetrico II Hibrido.jpg
93-08 - TETRICO II Como Cesar de Tetrico I (273 - 274 D.C.)33 viewsQUIZÁS HIBRIDO con anverso de Tetrico II y reverso de Victorino o Tetrico I, o también puede ser una muy buena copia bárbara.
Ver reverso [http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?album=1610&pos=3]

Billon Antoniniano 16 x 15 mm 1.4 gr.
Hijo de Tetrico I.

Anv: "[C PIV E]SV TETRICVS CA[ES]" - Busto radiado y vestido, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[I]NVICTV[S]" - Sol radiado y desnudo corriendo hacia la izquierda, su capa flota sobre su hombro izquierdo, levantando su brazo derecho y portando un látigo en el izquierdo.

Acuńada 4ta. Emisión 273 D.C.
Ceca: Treveri - Hoy Trier Alemania

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #234 Pag.421 - Cohen Vol.VI #19 Pag.121.
mdelvalle
RIC_Incierta_Tetrico_II_1.jpg
93-08 - TETRICO II Como Cesar de Tetrico I (273 - 274 D.C.)13 viewsQUIZÁS HIBRIDO con anverso de Tetrico II y reverso de Victorino o Tetrico I, o también puede ser una muy buena copia bárbara.
Ver reverso [http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?album=1610&pos=3]

AE Antoniniano (Minimus) 16 x 15 mm 1.4 gr.
Hijo de Tetrico I.

Anv: "[C PIV E]SV TETRICVS CA[ES]" - Busto radiado y vestido, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[I]NVICTV[S]" - Sol radiado y desnudo corriendo hacia la izquierda, su capa flota sobre su hombro izquierdo, levantando su brazo derecho y portando un látigo en el izquierdo.

Acuńada 4ta. Emisión 273 D.C.
Ceca: Treveri - Hoy Trier Alemania

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #234 Pag.421 (S) - Cohen Vol.VI #19 Pag.121.
mdelvalle
Antoniniano Claudio Gótico RIC 266.jpg
94-21 - CLAUDIO GOTICO (268 - 270 D.C.)69 viewsAE Minimus? (Pequeńo módulo) 14 x 13 mm 2.2 gr.

Anv: "[DIVO CLAVDIO]" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[CONSE]CRATIO" - Aguila parada de frente con su cabeza hacia la derecha y sus alas extendidas.

IMITACIÓN ITALIANA, Después de la revuelta de Mont Caelius (Una de las 7 colinas de Roma, hoy Celio) de Roma en 271 D.C., los monetarios de la ciudad perdieron su estatus de monetarios oficiales, sin embargo continuaron acuńando moneda, indudablemente en Italia del norte, así pasaron a ser simples falsificadores.

Acuńada después de 271 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte I #266 Pag.234 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3227 -Cohen Vol.VI #41 Pag.134 - DVM #44/2 Pag.256 - Nor.#1115 - Göbl#98 mOa
mdelvalle
RIC_Incierta_Minimus_Claudio_II_Aguila_1.jpg
94-45 - CLAUDIO GOTICO (268 - 270 D.C.)9 viewsANTIGUA FALSIFICACIÓN ó ACUŃACIÓN NO OFICIAL
AE Minimus? (Pequeńo módulo) 14 x 13 mm 2.2 gr.

Anv: "[DIVO CLAVDIO]", Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[CON]SEC[RATIO]", Aguila parada de frente con su cabeza hacia la derecha y sus alas extendidas

IMITACIÓN ITALIANA, Después de la revuelta de Mont Caelius (Una de las 7 colinas de Roma, hoy Celio) de Roma en 271 D.C., los monetarios de la ciudad perdieron su estatus de monetarios oficiales, sin embargo continuaron acuńando moneda, en Italia del norte, así pasaron a ser simples falsificadores.
También se acuńaron en forma irregular en Las Galias e Hispania.

Acuńada después de 271 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: Sim.RIC Va #266 P.234, Sim.Sear RCTV III #11459 P.412 y Nota P.413, Sim.Cohen VI #41 P.134, Sim.DVM #44/2 P.256
mdelvalle
RIC_Incierta_Minimus_Claudio_II_Aguila.jpg
94-46 - CLAUDIO GOTICO (268 - 270 D.C.)9 viewsANTIGUA FALSIFICACIÓN ó ACUŃACIÓN NO OFICIAL
AE Minimus? (Pequeńo módulo) 14 x 13 mm 2.2 gr.

Anv: "[DIVO CLAVDIO]" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[CONSE]CRATIO" - Aguila parada de frente con su cabeza hacia la derecha y sus alas extendidas.

IMITACIÓN ITALIANA, Después de la revuelta de Mont Caelius (Una de las 7 colinas de Roma, hoy Celio) de Roma en 271 D.C., los monetarios de la ciudad perdieron su estatus de monetarios oficiales, sin embargo continuaron acuńando moneda, en Italia del norte, así pasaron a ser simples falsificadores.
También se acuńaron en forma irregular en Las Galias e Hispania.

Acuńada después de 271 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: Sim.RIC Va #266 P.234, Sim.Sear RCTV III #11459 P.412 y Nota P.413, Sim.Cohen VI #41 P.134, Sim.DVM #44/2 P.256
mdelvalle
train ric 49.jpg
98-117 AD Trajan Denarius Hercules169 viewsIMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, laureate head right
P M TR P COS IIII P P, statue of Hercules holding club and lion skin, set on low base; mint luster, light toning,

Rome mint, 101-102 A.D, 3.54g, 18.6mm, 180o Reference:RIC 49, RSC 234, BMC 86.
exceptionally well struck reverse for the issue. Ex-Forum
1 commentsjimwho523
Doble_Maiorina_Juliano_II_RIC_224_1.jpg
A135-32 - Juliano II (360 - 363 D.C.)56 viewsAE1 Doble maiorina 28x27 mm 7.4 gr.

Anv: "DN FL CL IVLI - ANVS P F AVG" - Busto diademado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SECVRITAS REI PVB" – Toro a la derecha, viendo al frente, arriba de la cabeza dos estrellas. "(Palma)TES Γ•" en exergo.

Este reverso puede representar al toro Ápis (Dios solar, de la fertilidad, y posteriormente de los muertos, en la mitología egipcia) una imagen de culto perdida que se redescubrió durante el reinado de Juliano II. Éste es el último tipo pagano en la acuńación romana.

Acuńada: 3 Nov. 361 – 26 Jun. 363 D.C.
Ceca: Thesalonica (Off.3ra.)
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.VIII (Thessalonica) #224 Pag.423 - Cohen Vol.VIII #38 Pag.48 - DVM #25 Pag.304 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8914.f Pag.234 - Sear RCTV (1988) #4072 – LRBC #1695 – O.Voetter “Die münzen der romischen Kaiser vsw, von Diocletianus bis zum Romulus. Katalog der Sammlung Gerin” (Vienna, 1921) #4
mdelvalle
Nummus Valentiniano II RIC IX Constantinople 86aB2.jpg
A141-09 - Valentiniano II (375 - 392 D.C.)44 viewsAE4 Nummus 13 x 12 mm 1.3 gr.
Hijo de Valentiniano I, Augusto jr. de Occidente con su Padre y Graciano su medio hermano hasta 383 D.C. y luego Augusto Sr. hasta 392 D.C.

Anv: "DN VALENTINIANVS P [F AVG]" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SALVS REI-PVBLICAE" - Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando trofeo apoyado en su hombro con mano derecha y arrastrando por los pelos a un cautivo con su mano izquierda. "CONSB" en exergo y " Chi-Ro " en campo izquierdo.

Acuńada 388 - 392 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla (Off.3ra.)
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.IX (Constantinople) #86a Pag.234 - Cohen Vol.VIII #30 Pag.143 - DVM #47 Pag.312 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9185.e. Pag.284 - Sear RCTV (1988) #4167
mdelvalle
Nummus Valentiniano II RIC IX Constantinople 86aB.jpg
A141-10 - Valentiniano II (375 - 392 D.C.)46 viewsAE4 Nummus 13 mm 1.2 gr.
Hijo de Valentiniano I, Augusto jr. de Occidente con su Padre y Graciano su medio hermano hasta 383 D.C. y luego Augusto Sr. hasta 392 D.C.

Anv: "DN VALENTINIANVS P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SALVS REI-PVBLICAE" - Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando trofeo apoyado en su hombro con mano derecha y arrastrando por los pelos a un cautivo con su mano izquierda. "CONSB" en exergo y " Chi-Ro " en campo izquierdo.

Acuńada 388 - 392 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla (Off.2da.)
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.IX (Constantinople) #86a Pag.234 - Cohen Vol.VIII #30 Pag.143 - DVM #47 Pag.312 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9185.e. Pag.284 - Sear RCTV (1988) #4167
mdelvalle
Nummus Valentiniano II RIC IX Constantinople 86aG.jpg
A141-11 - Valentiniano II (375 - 392 D.C.)58 viewsAE4 Nummus 13 x 12 mm 0.8 gr.
Hijo de Valentiniano I, Augusto jr. de Occidente con su Padre y Graciano su medio hermano hasta 383 D.C. y luego Augusto Sr. hasta 392 D.C.

Anv: "[DN VALENTINIA]NVS P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SALVS REI-[PV]BLICAE" - Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando trofeo apoyado en su hombro con mano derecha y arrastrando por los pelos a un cautivo con su mano izquierda. "CONSΓ" en exergo y " Chi-Ro " en campo izquierdo.

Acuńada 388 - 392 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla (Off.3ra.)
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.IX (Constantinople) #86a Pag.234 - Cohen Vol.VIII #30 Pag.143 - DVM #47 Pag.312 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9185.e. Pag.284 - Sear RCTV (1988) #4167
mdelvalle
sb6234mm1533gjpg.jpg
AE follis Justin I SB 6229 viewsObverse: DN IVSTINIANVS PP AVG Diad., dr. and cuir. bust r.
Reverse: Large M between star star var pellets above and below each star, cross above, CON exergue.
Officina letter "E" below M
Mint: Constantinople
Sear 62
Date: 518-527 AG
34mm 15.33gm
wileyc
sb216_30mm_1234g.jpg
AE Justinian I, SB 21617 viewsObverse: DN IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, or AVGS Diad., draped and cuir. bust facing right.
Reverse: Large M between stars, cross above, B officina, exergue +THEU(circle over P) +.
Mint: Antioch/Theoupolis
Date: 527-567 CE
SB 216
30mm, 12.34g
wileyc
Macedon_Aesillas_SNG-Cop_1330_gf.jpg
Aesillas. Roman Quaestor. 90-75 BC. AR Tetradrachm of Thessalonica12 viewsMacedon, Aesillas. Roman Quaestor. 90-75 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.24 gm) of Thessalonica. Alexander the Great r., with horn of Amon and streaming hair. ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ below, Θ behind. / Macedonian war club b/w cista (fiscus, money chest) and sella (curule chair), AESILLAS Q above, all enclosed in wreath. VF.  Traces of luster and pitting. ACNAC Dewing 1224-1225; AMNG III/I #223; Bauslaugh Gp VI O42A/187; HGC 3.1 #1110; McClean II #3716-3717 (plate 138 #10-11); SNG Cop 2 #1330; SNG Fitzwilliam 2346-2350; SNG Lockett 3303-3309. Anaximander
carinus_3.jpg
AETERNIT AVG4 viewsCARINUS A.D. 283-285. Ć Antoninianus. Rev. AETERNIT AVG, Aeternitas left holding phoenix and raising skirt, KAG in exergue. 3.1g, 21mm. Sear RCV 12340. Podiceps
Alexander_II_Zebina.JPG
Alexander II Zabinas63 viewsAlexander II Zebina, Antioch, 128-123 BC, Houghton CSE 307, Sear 7127, SNGIs 2341, 21.14mm, 7g
OBV: Radiate head right
REV: BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ (BASILEOS ALEXANDROU), double cornucopiae bound with a fillet, club in left field

Zabinas, the "bought one", the pretender king who spent most of his
pathetic reign fighting Demetrius II and Antiochus VII. He failed to ward
off Antiochus and was forced to plunder the temples of Antioch in order to
come up with getaway money. Unfortunately he was captured and forced to
commit suicide.
1 commentsRomanorvm
Alexander_II_Zabinas.jpg
Alexander II Zabinas, 128 - 123 B.C.11 viewsAlexander II Zabinas, 128 - 123 B.C. Bronze AE 20 - 21, weight 8.05g, 125 - 122 B.C. Antioch
Obverse radiate and diademed head of Zabinas right / Reverse ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, double cornucopia bound with fillet,
A over club inner left, Π inner right; SNG Spaer 2341; CSE 307; BMC 24
ddwau
seleucid~0.jpg
Alexander II Zabinas, AE2142 viewsAlexander II Zabinas (128-122 BC)
21mm, 8.07g
obv: radiate and diademed head right
rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕ[ΩΣ] ΑΛΕΞΑΝ∆[ΡΟΥ]; double cornucopia, A and caduceus to left, Π to right
HGC 9, p. 234, #1164
2 commentsareich
Alexander_II_Zebina.jpg
Alexander II Zebinas 128 - 123 B.C.13 viewsAlexander II Zebinas, Seleukid kingdom, 128 - 123 B.C. Antioch mint. Ae 15.8~16.1mm. 3.58g. Obv: Prow of galley right, the two pilei of Dioscuri surmounted by stars above. Rev: BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOΥ to right and left of tripod lebes, two palm branches and urn in the lebes, A and quiver/club to left, Π to right. Hoover 1176; BMC 31. SNG Spaer 2347, CSE 308ddwau
LarryW2349.jpg
Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Kolophon 323-319 BC25 viewsAR drachm, 17.5mm, 4.3g, Nice EF
Head Herakles right wearing lion's skin knotted at neck / AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre, right foot back and feet on stool. Caduceus below throne, spear head outer right field.
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Price 1756, Müller 208
Lawrence Woolslayer
1234.jpg
ALFOLDI 082.00227 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 = Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding eagle-tipped sceptre (scipio)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIT
WEIGHT 2.82g / AXIS: 12h / DIAMETER: 21-23mm
RIC 783
ALFOLDI 082.002 (2 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 1234
Note: a scarcer variant (Soli Invicto AVG instead of just Soli Invicto) of this otherwise very popular reverse type in Probus' coinage
Barnaba6
amisos_2_50.jpg
Amisos, Pontos25 views300 - 125 B.C.
Silver Reduced Half Siglos
1.71 gm, 13.5 mm
Obv.: Head of Hera-Tyche right, wearing mural crown
Rev.: Owl facing with spread wings standing on shield; “A” to left; below ΑΣΚΛΕΟΥΣ
SNG Black Sea 1114;
BMC 13, p.14, 14-15;
Sear 3635;
HGC 7, 234
1 commentsJaimelai
IM002341.JPG
Amman - Citadel - Pillars of the Temple of Hercules17 views2 commentsotlichnik
IM002342.JPG
Amman - Citadel - Temple of Hercules and View of City11 viewsThe remains of the 2nd century AD Temple of Hercules on the Amman citadel high above the Forum. otlichnik
RRVeturiusMED.jpg
ANIMALS/PINK FLOYD, Track 3. Pigs (Three Different Ones)27 viewsRoman Republic
moneyer Ti. Veturius, 137 BC, Rome
AR denarius, 3.85 gm
Obv: helmeted bust of Mars right
Rev: youth kneeling left, holding pig; at either side, two soldiers standing holding spear and touching pig with swords. ROMA above.
Ref: Crawford 234/1. Sydenham 527. RSC Veturia 1.

Composite picture of the collection:
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-104363

Interactive presentation:
http://prezi.com/q7mw1k1zur65/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy&rc=ex0share


TIF
rep13.jpg
Anonymous Æ 17mm Quartuncia of Semilibral Standard; Head of helmeted Roma/ prow8 viewsAnonymous Ć 17mm Quartuncia of Semilibral Standard. ca 234-215 BC. Head of Roma or Bellona right in crested attic helmet / ROMA above prow of galley right. Crawford 38/8, Sydenham 88.Podiceps
rep8.jpg
Anonymous Æ Litra; Head of Apollo r. / Horse left12 viewsAnonymous AE Litra. Circa 234-231 BC. Laureate head of Apollo / horse rearing left, ROMA below. Crawford 26/3.Podiceps
rep_dog.jpg
Anonymous Half Litra; Head of Roma r./ Dog standing r.14 viewsAnonymous. 234-231 B.C. Ć Half Litra (11mm - 1.50 g). Head of Roma right, wearing Phrygian helmet / Dog standing right; ROMA in exergue. Crawford 26/4; Sydenham 22; BMCRR (Romano-Campanian) 44. VF, dark green patina, light porosity. Ex Vauctions Podiceps
0091.jpg
Anonymous half-unit69 viewsAnonymous half-unit (AE)

RRC 26/4
234 - 231 bc
11 mm; 1,34 gr

Av: Head of Roma r., wearing Phrygian helmet.
Rv: Rev. Dog r.; in exergue, ROMA.

This one is tiny. What you see at the side is the edge from a one Euro Cent coin.
Crawford lists this as 'half litra' and before the As of the series

Ex Numismatica Ars Classica, Zurich; Auction 92 - Part II; 24 May 2016; lot no 1514
1 commentsNorbert
IMG_9234.JPG
Anonymous, Aes Grave Triens6 viewsAnonymous. Circa 225-217 BC. Ć Aes Grave Triens (44mm, 87.30 g, 12h). Libral standard. Rome mint. Helmeted head of Minerva or Mars left; •••• (mark of value) below; all on a raised disk / Prow of galley right; •••• (mark of value) below; all on a raised disk. Crawford 35/3a; ICC 78; HN Italy 339. Near VF, green patina, some roughness.ecoli
12211065_1022095374479938_889716659_o.jpg
Antigonos Gonatas, 277-234 BC, AE 18 mm. Macedonian Kingdom.22 viewsHelmeted head of Athena head right / B-A, Pan erecting trophy right, Q to right, ANT monogram below.
SNGCop 1206cf
Antonivs Protti
antigonos_gonatas~0.jpg
Antigonos Gonatas, Athena/ Pan16 viewsAntigonos Gonatas, 277-234 BC, AE 15mm, 3.4g. Helmeted head of Athena head right / B-A, Pan erecting trophy right, E to left.Podiceps
ANTOSE54-2.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 590, Sestertius of AD 139 (Aurum Coronarium: Syria)88 viewsĆ Sestertius (24.4g, Ř31mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: COS II (around) SYRIA (in ex.) S C (in field), Syria, towered headdress, standing left, holding crown and cornucopiae, river Orontes swimming at her feet.
RIC 590 (R); BMCRE 1199; Cohen 795 (fr.15); Strack 799 (found in 5 collections); Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 403 (2 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins & their Values II) 4234.
ex Holleman Coins (Netherlands, 2001)

Part of a series celebrating Antoninus' remission of half of the special tax (aurum coronarium) normally levied on the provinces at the time of the accession of an emperor.
1 commentsCharles S
ANTOSEf8-3.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 590, Sestertius of AD 139 (Crown series - Syria)25 viewsĆ Sestertius (22,40g, Ř 31mm, 6h). Rome, AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right.
Rev.: SYRIA around, COS II in ex., S C across field, Syria, towered, draped, standing left, holding crown (diadem) on extended right hand and cornucopiae in left; river Orontes swimming at her feet.
RIC 590; BMCRE 1200; Cohen 794 (fr. 15); Strack 797; Banti 401 (1 spec. (=BMC table 27.3, same rev. die)); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4234.
Ex Comptoir des Monnaies (May 2015).
Charles S
AntoAs33.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 824a, As of AD 145-146 (Apollo)35 viewsĆ As (8.8g, Ř26mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 145-146.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS IIII, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: S C (in field), Apollo standing left, holding patera and lyre.
RIC 824a; Cohen 748
ex CNG eAuct. 234; ex CNG eAuct.95
Charles S
5166_5167.jpg
Antoninus Pius, Tetradrachm, Serapis Seated22 viewsBI Tetradrachm
Antoninus Pius
Caesar: 138AD
Augustus: 138 - 161AD
Issued: LH = Regnal Year 8 = 144 - 145AD
22.5mm 6.30gr
O: ΑΝΤωΝΙΝΟC CεΒ ενCεΒ; Laureate head, right.
R: NO LEGEND; Serpais, modius on head, seated left on a high backed chair, holding scepter and extending right hand down to Cerberus at his feet, left.
Alexandria, Egypt Mint
Exergue: L, left field; H, right field. (LH = Regnal Year 8 = 144 - 145AD)
Köln 1462; Dattari 2370; Kampmann/Ganschow 35.234; Emmett 1431; BMC 985; Milne 1792.
bronzemat
8/15/17 8/18/17
1 commentsNicholas Z
S_4091.jpg
Antoninus Pius: LIBERALITAS6 viewsAntoninus Pius, 138-161. Denarius. Obverse - ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P XVII Antoninus, his laureate head right. Reverse - LIBERALITAS VII COS IIII Liberalitas standing left, pouring coins from a cornucopiae.
Refers to the 7th donative ca. 153 A.D., to mark the 15th anniversary of the reign. Minted in Rome 154 A.D. (TRP XVII). Sear RCV II: 4091, RIC 234, RSC 519.

Podiceps
1234_Apollonia_Pontika2.jpg
Apollonia Pontica - AR Drachm6 viewsc. 450-404 BC
facing head of Medusa
anchor flukes up; crayfish right
A
SNG Cop 456; SNG BM 160, SNG Stancomb 37
Johny SYSEL
denier_de_Gordian_III.jpg
AR denier de Gordian III 49 viewsGordian III Denarius. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped bust right / PM TRP III COS PP, Gordian riding left on horseback. RSC 234. RIC 81 19mm., 2,68g _5995 SOLD
4 commentsAntonivs Protti
Arados-_Phoenicia.jpg
Arados, Phoenicia 94-21 BC16 viewsArados, Phoenicia, AE19 - 20.5, Weight 6.58g. 94-21 BC. Female bust Tyche (Astarte-Europa) right, wearing stephane and veil over back of head / Humped bull galloping left, head facing, ΦΥ monogram Ξ and CN above, ΡΟΔ (Year 174 of the local era) over M and Phoenician letter Heth. BMC 330; Lindgren I, 2234.ddwau
Arcadius_AE1_Arrastando_cativo_de_guerra.JPG
Arcadius AE4. 388-392 AD.24 viewsSear Roman Coins and their Values [1988 edition] s4234

Arcadius AE4. 388-392 AD. D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory advancing left, head turned right, looking & pulling on the hair of a captive & holding trophy over right shoulder, P-cross monogram to left, CONSG in ex. RIC IX 86c of Constantinople.

Antonivs Protti
Arcadius_Constantinopla.JPG
Arcadius AE4. 388-392 AD. 15 views D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory advancing left, head turned right, holding trophy over right shoulder and dragging a captive behind her, chi-rho in left field, CONSG in ex. RIC IX 86c of Constantinople. Sear'88 #4234Antonivs Protti
Arcadius_AE4_CON.JPG
Arcadius AE4. 388-392 AD. Constantinople 19 viewsConstantinople, Arcadius AE4. 388-392 AD. D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory advancing left, head turned right, holding trophy over right shoulder and dragging a captive behind her, chi-rho in left field, CONSG in ex. RIC IX 86c of Constantinople. RIC IX 86c
Sear'88 #4234
Antonivs Protti
Arcadius_AE_Constantinipla.JPG
Arcadius AE4. 388-392 AD. Constantinople 10 viewsConstantinople, Arcadius AE4. 388-392 AD. D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory advancing left, head turned right, holding trophy over right shoulder and dragging a captive behind her, chi-rho in left field, CONSG in ex. RIC IX 86c of Constantinople. RIC IX 86c
Sear'88 #4234
Antonivs Protti
IMG_0023~0.jpg
Arkadia, Megalopolis. 234-146 BC.43 viewsAR triobol 2.36g.
Zeus head left.
Pan seated left on rock.
BMC 1ff.
exBCD collection.
Dino
x1__Arkadia_Pan.jpg
Arkadian League; 280-234 BC29 viewsAR-Hemidrachm
Obv: Laureate head of Zeus left.
Rev: Naked Pan, horned, seated left on rock, right hand outstretched,
Left arm cradling lagobolon.
to left at knee, eagle with wings spread; Α below; to right, ∆ above Λ.
Size: 16.28mm;2.4 gms
Ref: BMC Peloponnesus, vol.10,XXXIII. Arcadia,Pg 188,No.1-5 var.
Sear-2690
2 commentsBrian L
Ars1_combo.jpg
Arsakes I., 247-211 BC67 viewsAR dr., 4,24gr., 18mm; Sellwood 1.1, Shore 1, Sunrise 234;
mint: Mithradatkart, axis: 11h;
obv.: beardless bust, right, w/bashlyk, 2 ribbons in back, loose cap tie down the side of the neck; neck hair; earring;
rev.: archer, left, w/bow in right hand; two-line legend: APΣAKOY right, (A)VTOKPATORO(Y) left;

ex: David Sellwood Collection; Sellwood, The Coinage of Parthia, 1980, plate coin. (The New York Sale, Auction XXXIV, Baldwin's)
1 commentsSchatz
Ars1combo.jpg
Arsakes I., 247-211 BC14 viewsAR dr., 4,24gr., 18mm; Sellwood 1.1, Shore 1, Sunrise 234;
mint: Mithradatkart, axis: 11h;
obv.: beardless bust, right, w/bashlyk, 2 ribbons in back, loose cap tie down the side of the neck; neck hair; earring;
rev.: archer, left, w/bow in right hand; two-line legend: APΣAKOY right, (A)VTOKPATORO(Y) left;

in: David Sellwood, The Coinage of Parthia, Spink 1980, plate coin # 1.1.
Schatz
IMG_1487.JPG
Artabanos III, AE Chalkous23 viewsAE Chalkous
Parthia, Artabanos III, 10-38 CE
Diameter: 12 mm Weight: 1.45 grams Die axis: 12h

Obverse: Diademed bust to left.

Reverse: King on horseback to right.

Mint: Ekbatana (Hamadan, Iran)

Notes:
- Charles Deetz was an American geographer
- Sellwood type 63.21, Shore 575
- NGC certification number 4372348-009

Ex Pars Coins 2017, Ex Stack's November 1946 (Sale of the Charles H. Deetz Collection), lot 249
Pharsalos
3230b.jpg
Artukids of Mardin, Husam al-Din Yuluq Arslan bin Il-Ghazi, AE-Dirhem, 580-597 AH / 1184-1201 AD93 viewsHusam al-Din Yuluq Arslan bin Il-Ghazi "Hüsameddin Yoluk Arslan bin İlgazi" 580-597 AH, AE-Dirhem / AE 31, 13,01 g., 580-597 AH / 1184-1201 AD
Obv.: ﺮﻜﺑ ﺭﺎﻳﺩ ﻚﻠﻣ ﻦﻳﺪﻟ ﻡﺎﺴﺣ "Hüsameddin Melik-i Diyarbekir" , Large Roman-style head left, small Byzantine bust facing.
Rev.: ﻦﻳﺪﻟ ﺡﻼﺻ ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻟﺍ ﻚﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺏﻮﻳﺍ ﻦﺑ ﻒﺳﻮﻳ ﻦﻴﻨﻣﺆﻤﻟﺍﺮﻴﻣﺍ ﻪﻟﻭﺩﻰﺤﻣ , "El Melik el-Nasır Salaheddin Muhiyyüd' Devle emir'ül müminin Yusuf bin Eyub"
Spengler/Sayles 34 ; UE-1457 .

On December 19, 1189 AD the Artuqid region witnessed an occulation of jupiter as it passed behind the sun. So some think the large Roman-style head left allegorises the Sun and the small Byzantine bust facing allegorises Jupiter.
Maybe these are simple allusions to still well known coin types of Claudius/Nero and Heraclius to ease the money exchange with the Byzantine empire.

my ancient coin database
2 commentsArminius
R622_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Kilikia, Anemurium, Gallienus, Artemis8 viewsGallienus
Cilicia, Anemurium
Ć 25mm
Dated RY 3 (AD 255/6)
Obv.: AV K ΠOY ΛΙKIN ΓAΛΛIHNON. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: ЄT Γ ANЄMOVPIЄωN. Artemis advancing right, holding bow and drawing arrow from quiver; to left, stag standing left.
AE, 25mm, 6.99 g
Ref.: Ziegler 234-5 var. (obv. legend); SNG BN -; SNG Levante 522.
ex Harlan J. Berk
ex Dr. P. Vogl Collection
ex Numismatik Naumann
shanxi
1234c.jpg
asmcalee805_26 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT K MAP ANTΩNINOC Cε. Laureate head right, slight drapery at neck
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN M KOΛΩ, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. Star above ram. No symbol in reverse left field.
32 mm, 25.03 gms

McAlee 805
Charles M
img234.jpg
Assignat de 50 livres - 30 avril 17923 viewsAssignat de 50 livres, émission décrétée le 30 avril 1792
Dim. : 194 x 104 mm
Réfs : Lafaurie 153
Gabalor
Augustus_semis.jpg
Augustus4 viewsAugustus Semis minted Lyon, ca 10-14, 18mm, 5.27gm, Altar of Lyon...RIC 234Ancient Aussie
Augustus_RIC234.jpg
Augustus - Semis - RIC 23416 viewsObv: CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE. Augustus, bare, r.
Rev: ROM ET AVG. Front elevation of the Altar of Lugdunum, decorated with the corona civica between laurels, these being flanked by nude male figures; to l. and r. Victories on columns, facing one another
Size: 20,5 mm
Weight: 4,61 g
Mint: Lugdunum
Date: 9-14 AD
Ref: RIC I 234
Rarity: R3 (RIC I)
vs1969
coins234.JPG
Aurelian14 viewsOBV: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG
Bust: RC
Rev: PAX AVGVSTI
Rev Pax walking lef, olive branch and sceptre
Left *, Right S
Siscia RIC 232

From Uncleaned pile
1 commentsecoli
R-04.jpg
Aurelian 270-275 CE, Ticinum mint Æ 23mm, Antoninianus.56 viewsAurelian 270-275 CE, Ticinum mint Ć 23mm, Antoninianus.

Obverse: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right

Reverse: SOLI INVICTO, Sol walking left with orb, hand raised, between two captives, treading one down; star to left, TXXT in ex.

Reference: RIC 154f, Cohen 234.
Daniel Friedman
Aurelian_RIC_V,_I_234.jpg
Aurelian, AE Antoninianus, RIC V, I 23413 viewsAurelian
Augustus, 270 – 275 A.D.

Coin: AE Antoninianus

Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust facing to the right. Seen from the front.
Reverse: RESTITVT ORI-ENTIS, Aurelian, laureate, at right, holding a Sceptre with his left hand, being crowned with a Wreath by the personification of the Orient, at left. ✵T in exergue.

Weight: 2.77 g, Diameter: 20.5 x 20.8 x 0.9 mm, Die axis: 20°, Mint: Siscia, struck between 273 - 274 A.D. Reference:
RIC V, I 234
Masis
Album-859_1.jpg
Ayyubids: Mayyafariqin & Jabal Sinjar. al-Ashraf I Muzaffar al-Din Musa (1210-1220)Ć Dirhem, Mayyafariqin Mint, AH 612 (Album-859.1; Whelan type I, 272-3; Balog-851; SICA 6, 1145) 23 viewsObv: Male seated facing, holding globus; name and titles of al-Ashraf I Muzaffar al-Din Musa and mint formula in outer margin; AH date to left and right of figure

Obverse Field: ﺳﻨﺔ ﺛﻨﺎ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻭﺳﺘﻤﺎﺋﺔ
Obverse Margin: ﺿﺮﺏ ﻣﻴﺎﻓﺮﻗﻴﻦ ; ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﺍﻻﺷﺮﻑ ﻣﻈﻔﺮﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ

Rev: Name and titles of Abbasid caliph within within linear and pelleted trilobe; name of Ayyubid overlord in outer margins

Reverse Field: ﺍﻻﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺻﺮﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺍﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻴﻦ
Reverse Margin: ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﺳﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﺑﻮﺑﻜﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﻳﻮﺏ
1 commentsSpongeBob
Baktria_DiodotusIorII_HGC_234.jpg
Baktria, Diodotus 13 viewsBaktria, Diodotus I or II. 256-239 BC. AV Stater (8.36gms). Diademed head of Diodotos I, r. Test cut. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ, Zeus walking left, holding thunderbolt, eagle and wreath at left. EF. Ponterio 141 #1573. HGC 12 #234; SC 630; SNG ANS 9 #75; Newell ESM 723; Sear Greek 629. Christian T
022~7.JPG
Basse et moyenne Vallée du Rhône - Potin au long cou, -75/-258 viewsPotin, 2,62 g, 18 mm.
Av./ Tęte stylisée ŕ gauche.
Rv./ Animal ŕ gauche sur un trait de sol.
Réfs : Dicomon, PTM-234 (classe C)
Gabalor
021~17.JPG
Basse et moyenne Vallée du Rhône - Potin au long cou, -75/-255 viewsPotin, 2,48 g, 16 mm.
Av./ Tęte stylisée ŕ gauche.
Rv./ Animal ŕ gauche.
Réfs : Dicomon PTM 234 var.
Gabalor
014~5.JPG
Basse et moyenne Vallée du Rhône - Potin au long cou, -75/-253 viewsPotin, 3,34 g, 17 mm.
Av./ Tęte stylisée ŕ gauche.
Rv./ Animal ŕ gauche.
Réfs : Dicomon PTM 234 var.
Gabalor
234_3.jpg
BASTIEN 17611 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: TEMPORVM FELICITAS
BUST TYPE: B
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//I
WEIGHT 4.70g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH:21
RIC: 52
BASTIEN: 176 (31 EX.)
COLLECTION NO: 234
Barnaba6
bavaria_1774_thaler.jpg
BAVARIA - Maximilian II Joseph295 viewsBAVARIA - Maximilian II Joseph (1745-1777) AR Thaler, 1774. Bust of king right/Nimbate Madonna holding Christ child and sceptre, seated on crescent. KM#234.1. dpaul7
12348.jpg
BRANDENBURG - PRUSSIA GEORGE WILHELM227 viewsPrussia Georg Wilhelm 1619-40 AD Billon 1/24 Thaler 3 Polkar. Fine. Size: 19 mmdpaul7
Bruttium_Lokroi_Epizephyrioi_SNG-ANS513.jpg
Bruttium, Lokroi Epizephyrioi.15 viewsBruttium, Lokroi Epizephyrioi. 350-375 BC. AR Stater (8.65 gm). Pegasus flying l., thunderbolt beneath. ΛΟΚΡΩΝ. / Head of Athena l. wearing Corinthian helmet. EF. Bt. Rare Coins & Classical Arts, NJ, 2000. SNG ANS 513-515; HN Italy 2342; HGC 1 1574; Pegasi 13; SNG Cop 1869; SNG Oxford 1547, 1551.Christian T
Sear-2341.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus (1282-1328 CE) Ć Trachy, Constantinople (Sear 2341)20 viewsQuant.Geek
PCPC-234.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus II Palaeologus with Michael IX (1282-1328) Ć Trachy, Thessalonica (DOC 774-777; LPC 80; PCPC 234)33 viewsObv: Large cross pattée; stars in upper quarters, B B in lower
Rev: Half-length facing busts of Andronicus and Michael, holding between them a large patriarchal cross between them
1 commentsSpongeBob
Sear-2482.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Ć Trachy, Constantinople (Sear 2482; LPC 234.2; PCPC 257; Lianta 834)11 viewsObv: Ⓐ to left, Δ/M/T to right. Half-length figure of St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, wearing armor; right hand holds spear.
Rev: A M above St. Michael. Three-quarter-length figure of St. Michael, beardless and nimbate, on left, turning right, and with left hand raised in blessing over the head of the emperor, who holds two patriarchal crosses. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and jeweled loros of simplified type. Saint wears tunic, breastplate and sagion.
Quant.Geek
Sear-2482(2).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Ć Trachy, Constantinople (Sear 2482; LPC 234.2; PCPC 257; Lianta 834)12 viewsObv: Ⓐ to left, Δ/M/T to right. Half-length figure of St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, wearing armor; right hand holds spear.
Rev: A M above St. Michael. Three-quarter-length figure of St. Michael, beardless and nimbate, on left, turning right, and with left hand raised in blessing over the head of the emperor, who holds two patriarchal crosses. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and jeweled loros of simplified type. Saint wears tunic, breastplate and sagion.
Quant.Geek
Sear-2482(3).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Ć Trachy, Constantinople (Sear 2482; LPC 234.2; PCPC 257; Lianta 834)13 viewsObv: Ⓐ to left, Δ/M/T to right. Half-length figure of St. Demetrius, beardless and nimbate, wearing armor; right hand holds spear.
Rev: A M above St. Michael. Three-quarter-length figure of St. Michael, beardless and nimbate, on left, turning right, and with left hand raised in blessing over the head of the emperor, who holds two patriarchal crosses. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and jeweled loros of simplified type. Saint wears tunic, breastplate and sagion.
Quant.Geek
Sear-2483.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Ć Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2483; DOC V Class III, 919-20; LPC 234.3; PCPC 270; Lianta 835)25 viewsObv: Patriarchal cross with winged shaft
Rev: Three-quarter length figure of Andronicus on left, and beardless and nimbate St. Demetrius; between them cross on long shaft; Andronicus wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and loros; right hand holds scepter cruciger; St. Demetrius holds in left hand spear; Star in cloud in upper center field
SpongeBob
Sear-2483(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Ć Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2483; DOC V Class III, 919-20; LPC 234.3; PCPC 270; Lianta 835)10 viewsObv: Patriarchal cross with winged shaft
Rev: Three-quarter length figure of Andronicus on left, and beardless and nimbate St. Demetrius; between them cross on long shaft; Andronicus wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and loros; right hand holds scepter cruciger; St. Demetrius holds in left hand spear; Star in cloud in upper center field
Quant.Geek
Sear-2483(2).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Ć Trachy, Thessalonica (Sear 2483; DOC V Class III, 919-20; LPC 234.3; PCPC 270; Lianta 835)2 viewsObv: Patriarchal cross with winged shaft
Rev: Three-quarter length figure of Andronicus on left, and beardless and nimbate St. Demetrius; between them cross on long shaft; Andronicus wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and loros; right hand holds scepter cruciger; St. Demetrius holds in left hand spear; Star in cloud in upper center field
Dim: 20mm, 1.3 g
Quant.Geek
Sear-1234.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Constantine IV Pogonatus (668-685) Ć Half Follis, Rome (Sear-1234; DOC 83; MIB 115)5 viewsObv: Crowned facing bust of Constantine, holding spear
Rev: Crowned facing busts of Heraclius and Tiberius; between, cross above X/X; ROM in exergue
Quant.Geek
IMG_6234_zps1c93b265.jpg
Byzantine Ring18 viewsBronze
Ring Size 9.25
10.1 grams
DarkRain
AndyIIS2348.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Constantinople86 viewsObv: St. Michael Holding Scepter and Globus
Rev: Emperor Holding Scepter and Akakia, Manus Dei Above
Sear 2348
Laetvs
234a.jpg
caesarea073-210 viewsElagabalus
Caesarea, Samaria

Obv: ...ANTON. Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: [COL I FLA AV F C] CAESA. Bust of Serapis right.
20 mm, 7.14 gms

Sofaer 73
Charles M
crispus_rome_234.jpg
CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT V in wreath, Rome RIC 23415 viewsCrispus, Caesar 317-326 A.D. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII 234, Rome mint, 321 AD. obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate draped & cuirassed bust right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT V in wreath, RT in ex; ex FORVM. Podiceps
8178A732-E722-408B-AFFE-578EB282340D.jpeg
CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 272-240 BC.34 viewsCALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 272-240 BC. AR Nomos (20mm, 6.48 g, 9h). Warrior on horseback right, holding shield and spear; DI above; APO[LL/WNIOS] in two lines below / Phalanthos riding dolphin left, head facing with flowing chlamys around left arm, holding trident in right hand; crowning Nike to left; waves below. Vlasto 894-898; HN Italy 1038. Lustrous4 commentsMark R1
23417_Crispus_Heraclea_75.jpg
Campgate with two turrets, star above, SMH“Γ” in ex; RIC VII 75 Heraclea3 viewsCrispus, Caesar 317 - 326 A.D., Bronze AE 3, RIC VII 75, VF, Heraclea mint, 3.053g, 19.2mm, 0o, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS - NOB CAES, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, campgate with two turrets, star above, SMH“Γ” in ex; rare (RIC R4). Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
1Costantino_II_campgate_Siscia_delta.jpg
Campgate: Costantino II, AE3, zecca di Siscia, IV officina 15 viewsCostantino II, (326-327), zecca di Siscia, IV officina
AE, 2,04g – 19mm, MB, R2
D/ CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C; testa laureata.
R/ PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS; campgate con due torri; sopra, una stella. •ΔSIS• in ex
RIC 202
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo (Roma, Italia dal 29 gennaio 2015, numero catalogo 234), ex Tinia numismatica (Follonica, Italia dal 2014)
paolo
Caracalla__10.jpg
CARACALLA AE23 RG 234; WADD RG S546,234(1-3), Tyche39 viewsOBVERSE: Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
REVERSE: NIKOMHDEΩN ΔIC NEΩKOPΩN, Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
7.1g, 23mm

Struck at BITHYNIA, Nicomedia, 198-217 AD
2 commentsLegatus
caracalla_4.jpg
Caracalla AR denarius 'caracalla sacrifices'18 viewsCaracalla laureate head right.7
Legend; ANTONINIVS PIVS AVG 19
Reverse Legend; VOTA SVSCEPTA X 208
Reverse type; Caracalla standing left, sacrificing over altar.

Mint; rome 206 2010 ad. 2.6 grams
RIC IVi, 150 (s) Scarce, page 234 - Cohen 688 - SEAR RCV II (2002), #6909, page 529

scarce type. Broken nose.
Banjaxed
virtus_k.jpg
Caracalla, AD 198-21717 viewsAR denarius, 3.2g, 19mm, 6h; Rome mint, c. AD 201.
Obv.: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG; Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: VIRTVS AVGG; Virtus, helmeted, standing right, holding Victory and spear.
Reference: RIC 4a Caracalla 149, p. 234.
Notes: eBay, rq
1 commentsJohn Anthony
00474q00.jpg
Carausius29 viewsAE-Antoninianus
INVICTO ET CARAVSIO AVG; jugate, radiate and cuirassed bust of Carausius, and radiate and draped bust of sol to left.
FORTVNA; Fortuna seated left on wheel, holding cornucopia and ruder.
Ex: IIC
Camolodunum
RIC 234
Julianus of Pannonia
aphrodisias_gordianIII_SNGaulock2461cf.jpg
Caria, Aphrodisias, Gordian III, MacDonald Type 187 var. 21 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 30 (2 assaria), 14.09g, 30.48mm, 165°
struck AD 238-341 (see MacDonald below)
obv. AV KM ANT - GORDIANOC (1st N reversed)
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. AFROD. - EI[CIE]EWN
Cult statue of Aphrodite Aphrodisias in ependytes and with kalathos, stg. r. on plinthe, head flanked by
crescent and star, both hands outstretched forwards; l. beside her small priestress std. with raised hand
on sella r., r. beside her a fountain with arched cover.
ref. MacDonald Type 187 var., 0234 var., R432 var.; cf. SNGF von Aulock 2461; not in Leypold, Keckmann,
Sammlung Karl, BMC
rare, F+, some deposits of sand-patina

MacDonald: Types 187-189 are an exception to the rule that the portrait of the emperor appears only on the largest denominations of Aphrodisias. The reason is fairly obvious. The portraits of 0234-0236 are distinctly juvenile, and early in the reign of Gordian III there were no other members of the imperial family whose portraits might be put on the coins. When Gordian III married Tranquillina, her portrait appeared on this denomination, Types 190-192
Jochen
Caria_Kindya_Rosen617v.jpg
Caria, Kindya13 viewsc. 510-480 BC. AR Tetrobol (1.99 gm). Head of sea monster, ketos, l. / Stellate pattern within lattice frame, all in incuse. EF.
Ponterio 121 #151. Kagan-Kritt 47 1; Rosen 617; Asyut 688; SNG Ashmolean 295–315; SNG Keckman (Helsinki) 920; SNG von Aulock 2340; SNG Kayhan 810; Taf 47, 1-2.
One of the monsters slain by Perseus. Plentiful after a hoard entered the market c.1998, now scarce.
Christian T
Caria_Kindya_Rosen617.jpg
Caria, Kindya12 viewsCaria, Kindya c. 500 BC. AR Tetrobol (2.13gms). Samian standard. Head & neck of sea creature (Ketos) r. / Lattice frame around stellate pattern, all in incuse square. VF
Ponterio 126 #856. BMC-; cf. Kagan & Kritt, "The Coinage of Kindya," in NumChron 1995, 47 # 1 var. (head left); SNG Keckman (Helsinki) 920 var. (same); SNG von Aulock 2340 var. (same); SNG Kayhan 815; Asyut 688; Rosen 617 var. (same).
Christian T
IMG_2341.JPG
CARIA: Mylasa6 viewsCARIA, Mylasa. Circa 210-30 BC. Ć 12mm. Obv:Horse prancing left. Rev: Trident. Akarca 34; SNG Keckman 226.Molinari
Carinus_antoninianus_FIDES_MILITVM.png
Carinus Antoninianus - FIDES MILITVM11 viewsCarinus Antoninianus

Obverse:
IMP CARINVS P F AVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse:
FIDES MILITVM
Fides standing with two standards, KAE in exergue.

Rome

RIC 253, RCV 13118, Hunter 30, Sear 12344
Harry G
0550-310n.jpg
Carinus, Antoninianus32 viewsAntoninianus struck in Ticinium, 3rd officina, AD 283
IMP CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Carinus right
FELICIT PVBLICA, Felicitas standing right, leaning on a column. T XXI at exergue
3.54 gr
Ref : Cohen #24, RCV #12343
Potator II
0550-320np_noir.jpg
Carinus, Antoninianus - *57 viewsRome mint, 2nd officina, 5th emission, Nov 284 AD
IMP CARINVS PF AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust of Carinus right
IOVI VI - CTORI, Jupiter standing left, holding victory and sceptre. Eagle at feet. KAB at exergue
4,25 gr, 22 mm
Ref : RCV #12348, Cohen #45, RIC vol V #257
Ex. Pscipio
Potator II
CARINUS-1-ROMAN.jpg
Carinus, RIC V(2)-324 Cyzicus10 viewsAE Antoninianus
Cyzicus mint, 284 A.D.
22mm, 2.84g
RIC V(2)-324, RCVv.3-12342

Obverse:
IMP M AVR CARINVS P F AVG
Radiate and draped bust right.

Reverse:
CLEMENTIA TEMP
Γ in center field
XXI in exergue
Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
Will J
1157272348_dffa9c3f0c.jpg
Carradice Type III AR Siglos - Artaxerxes I - Darius III122 viewsPERSIA, Achaemenid Empire.
Time of Artaxerxes I - Darius III, c. 420-375 B.C.
AR Siglos (12mm, 5.60 g).
Persian king or hero in kneeling/running stance right, holding spear in his right and bow in his left bow / Incuse punch.
Carradice Type IIIb; S 4682. Struck on a good metal. Very large die. Choice pleasing VF.

Provenance: Pars coins
Caffaro
AC-GAUL__Armorica-3~0.jpg
CELTIC, Issue in Northwest Gaul in the area of Armorica49 viewsc. 1st century BC.
D&T 2341
BI stater
5.94 gm
Obv.: Celticized male head right, with hair in spiral curls.
Rev.: Deconstructed biga right; ornaments around; boar right below.

Many Celtic tribes lived within this area including the Coriosolites to which this coin is attributed.
Richard M10
234~0.JPG
Charles X - 1 franc - 1829 Bayonne3 viewsArgent, 4,73 g, 23 mm
Av./ CHARLES X ROI DE FRANCE, tęte nue de Charles X ŕ gauche.
Rv./ 1 F, en accostement d'un écu de France sommé d'une couronne, entouré de deux branches de laurier nouées ŕ leur base par un ruban, 1826 dessous.
Réfs : F-207.64 (32 455 ex.).
Gabalor
AXE_CHARM_85MM_X_66_MM.jpg
CHARM, Pendant Style299 viewsCHARM, Pendant Style - Obverse legend refers to the Xuan De reign of the Ming Dynasty... 大明宣德年製 means the charm was made during the xuan-de reign of ming dynasty
年 = NIAN, Year
製 = ZHI, made.
大 = DA (BIG, GREAT)
明 = MING (DYNASTY NAME)
宣= XUAN 德 = DE
The charm is 85mm long x 66 mm high. It weighs about 83g.

It is a late Qing Dynasty fake, about 100 years old, per Leseulunique, based on the patina and style.
1 commentsdpaul7
chinese_charm_pan.jpg
Chinese Charm with coin inscription from Later Zhou Dynasty 951 - 960 A.D.85 viewsCast Bronze Chinese Charm, Weight 8.8g, Max diameter 26.8mm, Obv. 周 元通宝 zhou yuan tong bao "Zhou First Currency", Rev. Dragon on left, Warrior with sword on right (depicting "Zhou Chu killing the dragon"), Rich brown patina.

Background info courtsey Primaltrek.com

In addition to official coinage, China also has a long history of producing "coin-like" charms, amulets and talismans.

Coins, as a form of money, represent power. Coin-shaped charms are, therefore, a very compact form of power. They are filled with symbolism and are believed by the multitude of Chinese to have vast powers.

Cast throughout the centuries, these ancient charms, informally referred to by the Chinese as "ya sheng coins" (压胜钱), "flower coins" (huaqian 花钱) or "play coins" (wanqian 玩钱), were not used as money but rather to suppress evil spirits, bring "good luck", "good fortune" and to avert misfortune.

For the most part, all these old charms,...were privately cast and their quantities and dates are almost impossible to determine. Nevertheless, they serve as important cultural artifacts from the life of the common Chinese throughout the centuries.

Emperor Shizong did cast coins in earnest beginning in 955 AD, the second year of his Xiande (显德) reign, with the inscription zhou yuan tong bao (周 元通宝). To obtain the copper to make the coins, Emperor Shizong ordered the confiscation of bronze statues from 3,336 Buddhist temples. He also mandated that citizens turn in to the government all bronze utensils with the exception of bronze mirrors.

Zhou yuan tong bao coins are very well made and still exist in large quantities. Because the coins were made from Buddhist statues, they are considered to have special powers. For example, it was believed that the zhou yuan tong bao coin could cure malaria and help women going through a difficult labor.

Because of the common belief that the coin has special powers, the zhou yuan tong bao became very popular as the basis for charms and amulets. There are many charms with the inscription zhou yuan tong bao on the obverse and a dragon and phoenix on the reverse. Images of the Buddha, zodiac animals, and other auspicious objects can also be found on the reverse sides of zhou yuan tong bao charms.

The theme of this charm is "Zhou Chu killing the dragon".

A folk story about Zhou Chu appeared in the 430AD book "A New Account of the Tales of the World" and proved to be very popular. The story claims that Zhou Chu was such a hot-headed bully in his younger days that he was called one of the "Three Scourges" by the villagers in his hometown (in today's Yixing), along with a dragon and a tiger. Upon hearing the term, Zhou Chu went on to kill the tiger and the dragon. After he and the dragon disappeared for 3 days fighting in Lake Tai, the villagers celebrated wildly, just when Zhou Chu returned with the dragon's head. That was when he realized that he was the last scourge that the villagers feared. Determined to mend his old ways, he sought out Eastern Wu generals Lu Ji and Lu Yun, and received encouragement. Eventually he became an accomplished general beloved by his people~Wikipedia
3 commentsSteve E
sb1813classA234mm1246g.jpg
Class A2, sb1813 attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII, 976-1025 CE15 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyB / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
Mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences.
Date: 976-1025 CE
SB 1813 Class A2
34mm, 12.46g
wileyc
coin917.JPG
Claudius II3 viewsIMP CM AVR CLAVDIVS AVG
FORTVNA REDVX AVG

RIC V-1, 234 var Cyzicus; Markl, NZ 16, p. 445
ecoli
00234.jpg
Claudius II (RIC 213, Coin #234)21 viewsRIC 213 (C), AE Antoninianus, Antioch, 268-270 AD.
Obv: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG Radiate head left.
Rev: IVVENTVS AVG Hercules standing facing, head left, holding club and lion skin.
Size: 21.2mm 2.98gm
MaynardGee
R-03.jpg
Claudius II “Gothicus” 268-270 CE, Cyzicus mint, Æ 20mm 3 gr., Antoninianus.16 viewsClaudius II “Gothicus” 268-270 CE, Cyzicus mint, Ć 20mm 3 gr., Antoninianus.

Obverse: IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: FORTUNA REDUX, Fortuna standing left with rudder & cornucopia.

Reference: RIC 234, Sear 3203, Cohen 204
Daniel Friedman
c2OR.jpg
Claudius II, RIC V-1 Cyzicus 23416 viewsCyzicus mint, Claudius II, 268-270 A.D. AE, 20mm 2.82g, RIC V-1 Cyzicus 234
O: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed, bust r.
R: FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna stg., l., holding rudder and cornucopiae
casata137ec
VICTORIN-cologne-2_em-salus_aug.JPG
Cologne - 2e Emission - (fin 269 - mi 270) - SALVS AVG11 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
SALVS AVG
EG 234
Cunetio 2567
RIC 67
Elmer 732
AGK 21c
de Witte 82
Cohen 112
PYL
salvs_2.JPG
Cologne - 2e Emission - (fin 269 - mi 270) - SALVS AVG11 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
SALVS AVG
EG 234
Cunetio 2567
RIC 67
Elmer 732
AGK 21c
de Witte 82
Cohen 112
PYL
5305_5306.jpg
Constans, AE4, VICTORIAE DD AVGG Q NN3 viewsAE4
Constans
Caesar: 333 - 337AD
Augustus: 337 - 350AD
Issued: 347 - 348AD
17.0 x 16.0mm 1.70gr
O: CONSTANS PF AVG; Diademed (rosettes), draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: VICTORIAE DD AVGG Q NN; Two Victories, facing each other, each holding a wreath and a palm.
Exergue: SMTSB
Thessalonica Mint
Aorta: 1388: B16, O8, R40, T46, M13.
okta2000-2013 271985932341
9/24/15 1/31/17
Nicholas Z
cnsORricviiitrier234.jpg
Constans, RIC VIII Trier 23417 viewsTrier mint, Constans, 337-350 A.D. AE, 18mm 2.83g, RIC VIII Trier 234
O: DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG, pearl-diadem, draped, cuirassed, bust r
R: FEL dot TEMP dot REPARATIO, radiate phoenix on globe, r
casata137ec
constantine_soli_a.png
Constantine 7.08.00110 viewsConstantine
Obv CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
(R.laur.cuir)
Rev SOLI INVICTO COMITI
(Sol raising right hand, holding up globe with left)
| *
PLN in ex
London
RIC VI 234 CT 7.08.001
3.7g
Noviomagus
constantine_spread_chlamys_2~0.png
Constantine 7.08.001(2)11 viewsConstantine
Obv CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
(R.laur.cuir)
Rev SOLI INVICTO COMITI
(Sol raising right hand, holding up globe with left, spread chlamys)
| *
PLN in ex
London
RIC VI 234 (var) CT 7.08.001(2)
4.1g
(This is the more unusual reverse type of this coin)
Noviomagus
constantine_spd_chlamys.png
Constantine 7.08.001(2)14 viewsConstantine
Obv CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
(R.laur.cuir)
Rev SOLI INVICTO COMITI
(Sol raising right hand, holding up globe with left, spread chlamys)
| *
PLN in ex
London
RIC VI 234 (var) CT 7.08.001(2)
4.1g
(This is the more unusual reverse type of this coin)
Noviomagus
const234.jpg
Constantine AE Follis. 317 AD.Trier RIC VII 135, B18 viewsConstantine AE Follis. 317 AD. CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate, cuirassed bust right / SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing right, looking left, chlamys spread over both shoulders and hanging down behind, holding globe and raising right hand, T-F across fields. Mintmark BTR. Britanikus
Constitine_I_01.jpg
Constantine I ( Constatine the Great : Proclaimed AUGUSTUS) A.D. 313 Scicia Mint37 views
Metal: Bronze
Diam: 22 mm.
Weight: 2.7 gr.
OBV: Constantine I, Known as Constantine The Great :Diademed and cuirassed bust facing Right
OBV-LEGEND: CONSTANTINVS PF IVN
Marks-OBV: None
REV: Jupiter standing facing with head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding Victory on globe and leaning on sceptre, eagle left at his feet to left with wreath in beak. Mintmark: SIS, A right.
REV-LEGEND : IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN
Marks-REV: A in te left field : Officina 2 ( Year 313) In Exergue: SIS
In Exer : SIS
Source : N/A
Age: 313 A.D.
Mint: Siscia *

Ref : Ric VII 234b,234c
Michel C2
394_Constantine_I_Jupiter_Siscia.jpg
Constantine I - AE follis7 viewsSiscia
313 AD
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Jupiter standing half left, wearing chalmys, holding Victory with wreath on globe, and long scepter ;
eagle left, head turned back, wreath in beak
IOVI CONS_ERVATO_RI AVGG NN
A
SIS
RIC VI Siscia 234c
2,94 g
Johny SYSEL
Constantine I IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN RIC 234.jpg
Constantine I IOVI CONSERVATOI AVGG NN RIC VI Siscia 23467 viewsFollis, 20x22mm, 3.56g.

Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: IOVI CON-SERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupier standing L with victory and sceptre, eagle with wreath at his feet. A in R. field.

Exe: SIS (Siscia, Officina 1).

RIC VI 234, early 313, C.
Robert_Brenchley
coins80.JPG
Constantine I Trier VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP 10 viewsCONSTAN-TINVS AVG
HC
VICTORIA LAET PP
STR
RIC VII Trier 234 R5

Check
ecoli
6233_6234.jpg
Constantine I, Follis, DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG8 viewsAE3
Constantine I
Caesar: 306 - 307AD
Augustus: 307 - 337AD
Issued: 324AD
18.0mm 2.70gr 1h
O: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG; Laureate head, right.
R: DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG; Wreath, VOT/(Dot)/XX, within.
Exergue: Star, within wreath; SMHA, below wreath.
RIC VII Heraclea 60; Sear (200) 16224.
Aorta: 1347: B59, O4, R46, T300, M7.
sjbcoins/Stoian Belkin 162918310162
3/11/18 3/19/18
Nicholas Z
constantinI_siscia_234c.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VI, Siscia 234c5 viewsConstntine I the Great, AD 303-337
AE - Follis, 2.61g, 23.75mm, 0°
Siscia, 3rd officina, early 313
obv. IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Bust, draped and cuirassed laureate, r.
rev. IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN
Jupiter, nude, chlamys over l. shoulder, stg. frontal, looking l., resting with raised l. hand on long sceptre and holding in extended r. hand Victoriola on globe holding palmbranch over l. shoulder and crowning him with wreath; at his feet the eagle stg. l., head with wreath in beak turned r.
ref. RIC VI, Siscia 234c
about VF
Jochen
234.JPG
Consulat - Bonaparte premier Consul - 40 francs - AN 12 Paris7 viewsOr, 26 mm, 12,85 g.
A/ BONAPARTE PREMIER CONSUL, Tęte nue de Bonaparte ŕ gauche.
R/ REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE AN 12, dans une couronne de branches d'oliviers, 40 FRANCS
Réfs : F.536.2
Gabalor
_T2eC16V,!)QE9s3HFdodBQhF6YhUgQ~~60_57.JPG
Countermark on coin of Septimius Severus904 viewsSeptimius Severus AE45 medallion of Acrasus, Lydia. 43.5 gr.

AYT KAI L CEP CEOYHROC PER, laureate, draped cuirassed bust
right, countermark of Artemis Ephesia standing facing (Howgego 234.)
EPI CTRA ONHCIPFOROY APOLL TO B AKRACIWTWN (or [2] EPI CTR
FILODHMOY NOYMERIANOY AKRACIWTWN), Biga of stags right
with statue of Artemis Ephesia standing half right with supports.

SNG von Aulock 2883; Hirsch Collection 1571; [2] SNG Cop 6.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection
2 commentsSam
Ghazi.jpg
County of Tripoli , imitation of al-Zahir Ghazi AR dirham, AH625 (1227)38 viewsCounty of Tripoli , imitation of al-Zahir Ghazi AR dirham, AH625 (1227)
obverse : al-Malik
ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻚ
al-Zahir Ghazi
الظاهر غازي
Ibn Yusuf Bin
ﺍﺑﻦ ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﺑﻦ
Ayyub
ﺍﻳﻮﺏ

reverse : al-Imam
ﺍﻻﻣﺎﻡ
al-Nasir Ahmad
ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﺣﻤﺪ
al-Malik al-'Adil
ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻝ
Abu Bakr
ﺍﺑﻮ ﺑﻜﺮ
A-836 CCS-1
Ex Stephen Album
Vladislav D
620AA101combo.png
Cr 26/3 AE litra "Apollo/Horse" series7 viewsRome, c. 234-231 BCE
o: Laureate head of Apollo right
r: Bridled horse prancing left; below, ROMA
4.00 gm 15.50 mm
A slightly rough but overall decent example of this type, one of the early coins to bridge the currency gap with the Greek cities. Typically called the "Apollo/Horse" series based on the silver didrachm that has a larger and unbridled horse. (One can just make out the bridle passing under the horse's jaw and across the neck.) Crawford describes the denomination as a "litra", but other writers refer to it as a unit or merely a bronze.
PMah
MAntDeL14.jpg
Crawford 544/29, Marc Antony, for Legio XIV, Denarius, 32-31 BC.84 viewsMarc Antony, for Legio XIV (Gemina Martia Victrix), Patras mint (?), 32-31 BC.,
Denarius (16-17 mm / 3,63 g),
Obv.: above: [AN]T AVG , below: [III VI]R R P C , under oar right, filleted scepter or mast with fluttering banners on prow.
Rev.: LEG - XIV , Aquila (legionary eagle) between two military standards.
Crawf. 544/29 ; Bab. (Antonia) 123 ; BMC 208 ; Sear 369 ; Syd. 1234 .

Die Legio XIV wurde 41 v. Chr. von Augustus aufgestellt. Sie war seit 9 n. Chr. in Moguntiacum (Mainz) stationiert und kämpfte später unter Claudius in Britannien, wo sie 60 oder 61 n. Chr. half, Boudicca niederzuwerfen. Später war die Legion u. a. in Vindobona (Wien) und Carnuntum stationiert. Sie war an den Usurpationen des Saturninus und Regalianus beteiligt.

Legio XIV Gemina Martia Victrix was a legion of the Roman Empire, levied by Octavian after 41 BC. The cognomen Gemina (twin in Latin) suggests that the legion resulted from fusion of two previous ones, one of them possibly being the Fourteenth legion that fought in the Battle of Alesia. Martia Victrix (martial victory) were cognomens added by Nero following the victory over Boudica. The emblem of the legion was the Capricorn, as with many of the legions levied by Augustus.
Invasion of Britain
Stationed in Moguntiacum, Germania Superior, since AD 9, XIIII Gemina Martia Victrix was one of four legions used by Aulus Plautius and Claudius in the Roman invasion of Britain in 43, and took part in the defeat of Boudicca in 60 or 61. In 68 it was stationed in Gallia Narbonensis.
Rebellion on the Rhine
In 89 the governor of Germania Superior, Lucius Antonius Saturninus, rebelled against Domitian, with the support of the XIVth and of the XXI Rapax, but the revolt was suppressed.
Pannonian defense
When the XXIst legion was lost, in 92, XIIII Gemina was sent in Pannonia to substitute it, camping in Vindobona (Vienna). After a war with the Sarmatians and Trajan's Dacian Wars (101-106), the legion was moved to Carnuntum, where it stayed for three centuries. Some subunits of Fourteenth fought in the wars against the Mauri, under Antoninus Pius, and the legion participated to the Parthian campaign of Emperor Lucius Verus. During his war against the Marcomanni, Emperor Marcus Aurelius based his headquarters in Carnuntum.
In support of Septimius Severus
In 193, after the death of Pertinax, the commander of the Fourteenth, Septimius Severus, was acclaimed emperor by the Pannonian legions, and above all by his own. XIIII Gemina fought for its emperor in his march to Rome to attack usurper Didius Julianus (193), contributed to the defeat of the usurper Pescennius Niger (194), and probably fought in the Parthian campaign that ended with the sack of the capital of the empire, Ctesiphon (198).
In support of imperial candidates
In the turmoil following the defeat of Valerian, tXIIII Gemina supported usurper Regalianus against Emperor Gallienus (260), then Gallienus against Postumus of the Gallic empire (earning the title VI Pia VI Fidelis — "six times faithful, six times loyal"), and, after Gallienus death, Gallic Emperor Victorinus (269-271).
5th century
At the beginning of the 5th century, XIIII Gemina still stayed at Carnuntum. It probably dissolved with the collapse of the Danube frontier in 430s. The Notitia Dignitatum lists a Quartodecimani comitatensis unit under the Magister Militum per Thracias; it is possible that this unit is XIV Gemina.

my ancient coin database
1 commentsArminius
Cyenaica.jpg
Cyenaica, Cyrene100 viewsObverse: Apollo Carneios
Reverse: Silphium
Mint : Cyenaica, Cyrene
Date : 308-277 BC
Reference : BMC-234
Grade : Fine
Weight : 7.50g
Denom: Didrachm
Metal : Silver
Acquired: 01/09/04
1 commentsBolayi
thumb00123.jpg
Cyrenaica Cyrene AR Didrachm 300-290 BC 7.73g38 viewsHorned head of Carneius.Rev Silphlum plant.1 commentsGrant H
0159.jpg
Denarius, P. Servilius Rullus2 viewsDenarius, P. Servilius Rullus

RRC: 328/1
100 bc
4,03 gr

AV: Bust of Minerva left, helmeted, wearing aegis "RVLLI"
RV: Victoria in biga right; holding palm and reins; below, P "P. SERVILI. M. F."

ex Artemide Aste, eLive auction 5b, Lot 234, 11.11.2018
Norbert
gordian_horse.jpg
Denarius; Gordian on horse, RIC 817 viewsGordian III AR Denarius. Rev. P M TR P III COS P P, Gordian on horse pacing left, raising right hand and holding spear. RIC 81, RSC 234Podiceps
diocle_y3.jpg
Diocletian, eagle left - head right, year 316 viewsDiocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, obverse legend variation unpublished in major references, Milne 4864 var, Geissen 3234 var, Curtis 1968 var, BMC 2533 var, SNG Cop 983 var, flat strike, Alexandria mint, 8.869 grams, 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, 29 Aug 286 - 28 Aug 287 A.D.; obverse “A K G OUAL DIOKLHTIANOC CEB”, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse eagle standing left, head turned right, wreath in beak, ETOYC and star left, “G” (year 3) right. ex FORVMPodiceps
22761q00.jpg
Diva Faustina Senior30 viewsDIVA AVG FAVSTINA, draped bust right / PIE-TAS AVG, Pietas standing left, dropping incense on altar. RIC 394a, RSC 234, BMC 311mestreaudi
Domitian_as_Caesar_RIC_II_V0957.jpg
Domitian as Caesar RIC II V095734 viewsDomitian as Caesar AR Denarius. Rome Mint 77-78 A.D. (3.08g, 17.9m, 6h). CɅESɅR ɅVG F DOMITIɅNVS, laureate head right. Rev: COS V in exergue, horseman galloping r. r. hand raised behind. RIC II V957, BMC V234, RSC 49.

The rider is unidentified on this reverse. Theories range from some type of commemorative, to Domitian himself, and Mars calling Rome to battle in the East where Domitian desired a command around this time. This example is worn, but has full legends and decent reverse details.
Lucas H
79.jpg
Domitian Denarius - Minerva (RIC 109)87 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 88 AD
3.61g

Obv: Laureate bust of Domitian (R)
IMP CAES DOMIT AUG GERM PM TRP VII

Rev: MINERVA standing (L) holding thunderbolt and spear. Shield resting at feet.
IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS PPP


RIC 109 RSC 234
8 commentsKained but Able
Domitian_Alexandria_Quadriga.jpg
Domitian drachm , Domitian in quadriga of elephants107 viewsDomitian Egypt, Alexandria. AE Drachm, year 15 (96 / 96 AD). 40 mm / 35.80 gm
Laureate bust right. / Domitian in quadriga right, drawn by four elephants, holding branch. Nike flying right above. LIE in exergue. D 462-463 E 252.15 (R1) G 411 K 24.234
2 commentsmattpat
domitian_109.jpg
Domitian RIC II, 10958 viewsDomitian, AD 81-96
AR - denarius, 3.45g
Rome, AD 88
obv. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP VII
Head, laureate, r.
rev. IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS P PP
Minerva, in long garment and with Corinthian helmet, stg.l., holding thunderbolt in r. hand and spear in l. hand; shiel left behind her legs (type 3)
RIC II, 109; C.234
about VF, fine toned
Pedigree:
ex Spink, November 1892(!)
ex coll. William C.Boyd (1840-1906)
ex. Baldwin's auction 42, 6. Sept. 2005

The pedigree was the reason to buy this coin!
Jochen
D580.JPG
Domitian RIC-58069 viewsAR Denarius, 3.31g
Rome mint, 88 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her l. side (M3)
RIC 580 (C3). BMC 119. RSC 234. BNC 116.

This very common denarius of 88 AD is part of the large first issue of denarii minted before September, the largest issue of the reign up to that point. Even with the mint striking such a large issue this coin shows high standards were still being maintained.

Well centered with an artistic, icy cool portrait.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
D789_zpsc5250870.jpg
Domitian RIC-78998 viewsAR Denarius, 3.47g
Rome mint, 95-96 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XV; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with thunderbolt and spear, shield at her l. side (M3)
RIC 789 (C2). BMC 234. RSC 291. BNC 208.
Acquired from Roma Numismatics, August 2013.

Between September 95 and September 96 Domitian struck his last great issue of denarii. The series varies wildly in quality - some denarii it seems were struck in a bit of a hurry (ragged flans and bad style), while others were more carefully crafted with better quality control. Domitian's hand, it seems, may not have been as firmly on the mint's tiller as in times past.

This denarius was struck in that same great issue and exhibits some of its better qualities. For a start, the centering is spot on and the flan is almost perfect. Style wise we see the Flavian baroque (ostentatious and overdone) which is very much in evidence on certain denarii from 88 onwards. Here the elaborate hairstyle, plump face, and gaudy laurel wreath (crowding into the legend) shows off this baroque style in fine fashion. A skilled engraver's handiwork in the then fashionable court style. Also of note, many of the portraits from this time (such as the current example) show a Domitian with slightly raised 'eyes toward heaven' - which Mattingly postulated as 'lofty aspirations'.

4 commentsDavid Atherton
D816_(5)sm.jpg
Domitian RIC-81672 viewsAR Denarius, 2.73g
Rome mint, 95-96 AD
Obv: DOMITIANVS AVG GERM; Head of Domitian, bare, bearded, r.
Rev: Temple, eight columns, seated figure in centre; IMP CAESAR on architrave
RIC 816 (R2). BMC 243. RSC 175. BNC -.
Ex Private Collection.

Domitian struck a rare undated issue of denarii depicting five different temples. Based on portrait style and the fact that Domitian's moneyers were experimenting with new reverse designs after 94, the issue has been dated to either 95 or 96. Four of the five temples have been identified - Serapis, Cybele, Minerva, and Capitoline Jupiter. The fifth type is an octastyle temple, as seen on the coin above, and its identification remains a mystery. Mattingly conjectured it could be the Temple of Divus Vespasian, P.V. Hill and D. Vagi thought it possibly the Temple of Jupiter Victor, R.H. Darwell-Smith speculated it is the Temple of Jupiter Custos, and M. Tameanko believed it to be the Temple of Divus Augustus. Tameanko makes the strongest case. Earlier renditions of the temple on the coinage under Caligula show it with a hexastyle facade. Domitian restored or rebuilt the temple after the fire of 80. His architect Rabirius may have completely overhauled the building in a more contemporary style producing an octastyle temple. Almost a hundred years later Antoninus Pius restored the temple again and struck a series of coins commemorating the event. His coins indeed depict an octastyle temple very much like the one seen on this denarius and may be proof that under Domitian the temple was rebuilt as an octastyle structure. However, until more evidence comes to light, the identification remains uncertain. Like Domitian's earlier Saecular Games series, the temple denarii were likely struck as a special issue, perhaps reflecting Domitian's new interest as builder. The remarkable bare headed portrait further enhances the issue as something special.

Needless to say it is a fantastically rare piece! Additionally, the eight column type may be the scarcest of the temple group, considering I have located only two other examples in trade over the last 15 years. The other two coins (OldRomanCoins 2002, HJB 145, lot 265) are obverse die matches with mine. Oddly, some specimens (BM 234 for example) lack IMP CAESAR on the architrave.

Worn, with some bumps and scrapes, but well-centred and in good style with plenty of eye appeal.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
21.jpg
Domitian, AD 81-9643 viewsAR denarius,

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VII, laureate head right / IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her left side. Rome mint, struck AD 88.

RIC II.1, 580; BMCRE II, 119; RSC II, 234.
1 commentssocalcoins
EB0234b_scaled.JPG
EB0234 Tanit / Horse5 viewsCarthage, ZEUGITANA, AE 16, 200-146 BC.
Obverse: Head of Tanit left.
Reverse: Horse standing right, palm tree in background.
References:-.
Diameter: 16mm, Weight: 1.81g.
EB
EB0345_scaled.JPG
EB0345 Mars / oath-taking scene11 viewsTi. Veturius, AR Denarius, 137 BC.
Obv: Draped bust of Mars right wearing crested Corinthian helmet, X between back of neck and end of crest, TI VET (partially ligate) behind.
Rev: ROMA, Two warriors standing facing each other, vertical spear in left hand, sword in right hand pointed at sacrificial pig held by kneeling youth left.
References: Veturia 1; Crawford 234/1; Syd. 527.
Diameter: 20mm, Weight: 3.913 grams.
EB
EB0920_scaled.JPG
EB0920 Isis / Eagle5 viewsPtolemy V, AE 27, 204-181 BC.
Obverse: Wreathed head of Isis right.
Reverse: Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open.
References: Svoronos 1234; SNG Copenhagen 247.
Diameter: 27mm, Weight: 16.8g.
EB
Severus_Alexander_1.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 233/234, Severus Alexander, Nike15 viewsSeverus Alexander
Alexandria
Billon-Tetradrachm
Obv.: A KAI MAP AYP CЄY AΛЄΞANΔPOC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust
Rev.: LIΓ (year 13 = 233/234), Nike advancing left, holding palm and wreath; palm to outer left, date to inner left
Billon, 24.5mm, 15.56g
shanxi
alexandria_sev_alex_Emmet3146.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, Severus Alexander, Emmet 314660 viewsSeverus Alexander, AD 222-235
AE - tetradrachm, 11.93g, 23x24mm
struck 234/35 (year 14)
obv. A KAI MAR AVR CEV - ALEZANDROC
Bust, draped and laureate, r.
rev. Zeus, in himation, nude to hips, std. l. on throne, holding patera in outstretched r.
hand and sceptre in raised l. hand; l. on ground eagle stg. r., head turned back;
behind throne vertical palm-branch
in upper left field L ID (year 14)
Emmet 3146; Dattari 4396; Geissen 2496; Curtis 1113; Demetrio 2530; Mionnet 2731
VF, slight roughness, minimal deposition in ex.

Emmet has written: The palm-branch is a symbol of the decennalia of the emperor. You find it on coins of year 10 and higher. It occurs too on coins of Gallienus.
Jochen
2828F6C8-E194-4826-818B-185B3659D1CD.jpeg
EGYPT, Alexandria. Julia Mamaea.10 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Julia Mamaea. Augusta, AD 222-235. Potin Tetradrachm (24mm, 12.91 g, 12h). Dated RY 13 of Severus Alexander (AD 233/234). Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia; palm frond to right; L Γ (date) to upper left. Köln 2541 var. (obv. legend); Dattari (Savio) 4523; K&G 64.122; Emmett 3230.13.ecoli
egypt_02.jpg
Egypt, Ptolemaios V. Epiphanes, Isis, Eagle14 viewsEgypt
Ptolemaios V. Epiphanes
204-180 BC
Ć Tetrobol
Obv: Draped and wreathed bust of Isis right
Rev: ΠTOΛEMAIOΥ – BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt
AE, 16.05g, 28mm
Ref.: Svoronos 1234
shanxi
20170531_122348.jpg
ELAGABALUS (218-222). Denarius. Rome.50 viewsObv: IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ABVNDANTIA AVG. Abundantia standing left, emptying cornucopia; to right, star.
References: RIC 56. RSC 1; BMCRE 189.
Condition: Extremely fine.
Weight: 3.81 g.
Diameter: 18 mm.
1 commentsCanaan
Elagabalus_Alexandria__Athena.jpg
Elagabalus - Alexandria6 viewsBI tetradrachm
29 Aug 221 - 11 Mar 222 AD
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind
A KAICAP MA AYP__ANTωNINOC EYCEB
Athena standing half left, resting hand on shield, holding Nike holding wreath
LE
Geissen 2341; Dattari 4108; Milne 2835; Emmett 2915
12,9g
ex Aureo & Calicó
Johny SYSEL
den car 3.jpg
Elagabalus 218-222 denarius22 viewsOb. IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped bust right
Rev. VICTORIA AVG, Victory flying left, diadem in both hands, shields to sides, star to right
Ref. RIC 161, RSC 300a, BMC 234

Weight 2.21
19mm
180o rotation

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
elagabalus.jpg
Elagabalus Denarius48 viewsElagabalus AR Denarius
218-222 AD
Ob: IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped bust right
Rv: VICTORIA AVG, Victory flying left, diadem in both hands, shields to sides, star to left.
Closest ref: RIC 161, RSC 300, BMC 234 (Described with start to right)
Scotvs Capitis
Elagabalus_Victoria_Avg.JPG
Elagabalus Victoria Avg18 viewsElagabalus, 218-222 AD, silver denarius, Rome, 2g, 19mm, BMC 234, RSC 300, RIC 161
OBV: IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate bust right
REV: VICTORIA AVG;Victory flying left

SCARCE
Romanorvm
IMG_0005.JPG
Elagabalus, Silver denarius, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D. AR18mm14 viewsElagabalus, Silver denarius, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.
Obv. IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind
Rev. VICTORIA AVG, Victory flying left holding diadem in both hands, at each side a small shield, star right
Ref. BMCRE V 234, RIC IV 161, RSC III 300a
Ex. Forvm ancient coins.
Lee S
Domitian_Quadriga.jpg
Emmett 0252 - Domitian drachm , Domitian in quadriga of elephants35 viewsDomitian Egypt, Alexandria. AE Drachm, year 15 (96 / 96 AD). 40 mm / 35.80 gm
Laureate bust right. / Domitian in quadriga right, drawn by four elephants, holding branch. Nike flying right above. LIE in exergue. D 462-463 E 252.15 (R1) G 411 K 24.234
mattpat
Epirus.JPG
Epirus, Epeirote Republic. c 234-168 BC. Ć 22mm18 viewsObv: Laureate head of Zeus left.
Rev: AREI-RWTAN & thunderbolt within oak wreath.
SNG Cop 128, BMC 46-47
ancientone
Faustina_I_Pietas_RIC_III_394a.JPG
Faustina I Pietas RIC III 394a22 viewsFaustina I, Silver Denarius, Rome, 175 AD, 17.84mm, 2.8g, Seaby 1336, RSC 234, BMCRE 311 (Antoninus), RIC III 394a,
OBV: DIVA AVG FAVSTINA, draped bust right / PIE-[T]AS AVG, Pietas standing left, dropping
REV: PIETA-S AVG, Pietas standing left, dropping incense on altar
1 commentsRomanorvm
FaustinaII_Biga_to_heaven.jpg
Faustina II sestertius Diva Faustina in biga to heaven 33 viewsFaustina Jr sestertius Rome 176 AD, SIDERIBVS RECEPTA SC . Faustina, with veil billowing out around hd. and shoulders, stg. in galloping biga r.
The reverse inscription is the only time this inscription was utilized during the entire imperial period for a couple issues related to Diva Faustina. The Latin inscription means “Received by the stars”. A very poignant wish by her surviving husband, Marcus Aurelius.
RIC 1717, BMCRE 1591, C 217, RCV 5234.
mattpat
diva1.jpg
Faustina Senior Ric III #394a RSC #23447 viewsObv:DIVAAVG-FAVSTINA
Rev:PIE-TASAVG
Pietas standing left dropping incense on altar.
My best example of Faustina Senior.
1 commentsnewone
Faustina_Sr_Pietas.JPG
Faustina Sr Pietas13 viewsSilver denarius, Rome mint, weight 2.992g, maximum diameter 17.5mm,
die axis 0o, posthumous, 145 A.D.; obverse DIVA AVG FAVSTINA, draped bust right; reverse PIETAS AVG, Pietas, veiled, standing left
holding box and dropping incense on alter;
SRCV II 4598, RSC II 234, BMCRE IV 311

Ex Forvm Ancient Coins
Romanorvm
41920_Claudius_II_goth_antoninianus,_RIC_V_234,_VF_Fair,_Cyzicus.jpg
FORTVNA REDVX, RIC V 23410 viewsClaudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 234, VF/Fair, Cyzicus mint, 3.575g, 21.0mm, 180o, obverse IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna standing right, rudder in right, cornucopia in left, S P Q R in ex. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
France_PhilipIVca129520mm107g.jpg
France, Philip IV 1285-1314AD13 viewsAR double tournois
Obv: cross A/+ PHILIPPVS. REX
Reverse:+ MON. DVPLEX. REGAL"
1285-1314 AD of sept 1295
20mm
1.07g
ex Carl Suback Chicago 11/67
ex CNG lot 651 4/17



L.234
Ciani 218
wileyc
Severus_Alexander_35.jpg
G164 viewsSeverus Alexander Denarius

Attribution: RIC 212, RSC 556
Date: AD 228-231
Obverse: IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate head r.
Reverse: VICTORIA AVG, Victory stg. l., holding wreath and palm
Size: 19.4 mm
Weight: 3.30 grams
(Bust of Severus Alexander: Louvre, Paris)

After being granted the title of Caesar in AD 221, Severus Alexander was elevated to Augustus a year later upon the murder of Elagabalus. To be sure, however, the true power of Alexander’s reign did not lie in his hands, but rather in the cunning of his mother, Julia Mamaea. So much influence and persuasion did she have over her feeble son, that she arranged his marriage to a patrician girl named Orbiana, and then, fearing her father, had her exiled to North Africa and had her father killed. Although Alexander cared for his wife, he did nothing to oppose his mother. Throughout his entire reign, military unrest was a constant. Nevertheless, Alexander needed the military to face a resurging foe, the Persians. In AD 226, Persian king Ardashir or Artaxerxes, rose up against and defeated the Parthian king Artabanus. The great Persian Empire had returned and placed its attention on the territories recently conquered by the Romans in northern Mesopotamia. Alexander launched a campaign to fend off the invading Persians. The Persian War in AD 232 saw heavy losses on both sides and was not viewed as a great victory. No sooner had Alexander returned to Rome when he was brought news of the Germans breaching the Rhine frontier in numerous places. In AD 234, he mustered his troops to confront this new invasion. Alexander preferred diplomacy tried to bribe the Germans into leaving. His troops saw him as a coward and further despised him for limiting their pay and bonuses. They sought new leadership in a Thracian soldier named Maximinus. One morning in AD 235, Maximinus exited his tent and was adorned with the purple imperial cloak over his shoulders and declared emperor by the army. He pretended to be surprised, but this was a staged performance carefully planned out to shift power. Alexander was encamped nearby at Vicus Britannicus and became enraged at the news. Upon the approach of Maximinus and his troops the next day, Alexander’s troops abandoned him and changed sides. “Trembling and terrified out of his wits, Alexander just managed to get back to his tent. There, the reports say, he waited for his executioner, clinging to his mother and weeping and blaming her for his misfortunes…They burst into the tent and slaughtered the emperor, his mother, and all those thought to be his friends or favorites.” – Herodian VI.9
8 commentsNoah
Galba_3.jpg
GALBA Denarius, RIC 234, Victory34 viewsOBV: IMPSERGALBACAESARAVGPM - Laureate head right
REV: VICTORIAPR - Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath and palm
3.2g, 18mm

Minted at Rome, Oct-Nov 68 AD
Legatus
1veturia_giuramento.jpg
Gens Veturia, denarius (137 a.C.)9 viewsTi. Veturius, Denario, 137 a.C., Roma,
AR, 3.86 gr, 20 mm, qBB
D/ TI VET (legato); busto di Marte, con elmo e drappeggiato; dietro, una X.
R/ ROMA; Scena del giuramento: due guerrieri, uno di fronte all’altro, puntano le spade verso un porcellino tenuto in braccio da un terzo guerriero.
Crawford 234/1
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo (Roma, Italia, dal 3 gennaio 2018, numero catalogo 388), ex Alessandro Vanni, Tinia numismatica (Follonica, Grosseto, fino al dicembre 2017)
paolo
bremen3.jpg
German States. Free City of Bremen. Copper 2 1/2 schwaren 1841.22 viewsGerman States. Free City of Bremen. Copper 2 1/2 Schwaren 1841. City key divides date / 2 1/2 schwaren.

KM 234
oneill6217
Geta_Herakles.jpg
Geta (as Caesar), 198–209 CE64 viewsGeta (as Caesar); 198–209 CE. AR denarius, Rome mint, 199–202 CE; 3.27g. BMCRE S234 note, RIC 16b, RSC 157. Obv: P SEPT GETA – CAES PONT; boy’s bare-headed draped bust right. Rx: PR – INC – IVV – ENT; Geta, in military dress, standing half-left, holding branch and reversed spear; behind, trophy. Issued during the reign of Septimius Severus.

ex Henry Hall Wilson Collection, purchased from Herakles Numismatics, 25 June 2011

H.H. Wilson III (1951–2009) an attorney from Charlotte, North Carolina, was the son of H.H. Wilson, Jr. (1921–79), H.H. Wilson III (1951–2009) an attorney from Charlotte, North Carolina, was the son of H.H. Wilson, Jr. (1921–79), an administrative assistant and congressional liaison for Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, and president of the Chicago Board of Trade from 1967 to 1973.
3 commentsMichael K5
Geta-Caesar_Arms.jpg
Geta * Trophy of Arms, Silver Denarius "The young prince" * 198-212 AD149 views
Geta as Caesar, AR Denarius, "The young prince."

Obv: P SEPT GETA CAES PONT - Bare head bust, draped and cuirassed
Rev: PRINC IVVENTIS - Geta standing left holding branch and spear; behind him at right, trophy and shield.

Exergue: Empty

Mint: Rome
Struck: 200-202 AD

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 3.82 grams
Die axis: 180 degs.

Condition: Exceptionally bright, clear luster.

Refs:*
RIC IVi, 18, page 316
Cohen 157
SEAR RCV II (2002), #7196, page 565
RCV 7196
BMCRE 198, 234

2 commentsTiathena
Geta.jpg
Geta - RIC 1845 viewsGeta, as Caesar, Silver Denarius. 200-202 AD. P SEPT GETA CAES PONT, draped bust right / PRINC IVVENTVTIS, Geta, in military dress, standing left with baton & scepter, trophy behind. RSC 157b, RIC 18, BMC 234, RCV 7196Bud Stewart
LarryW2348~0.jpg
GG, Carthage, c. 310-290 BC169 viewsElectrum shekel, 18.8mm, 7.76g, choice VF
Head of Tanit left, wreathed with corn; she wears necklace and triple earring; pellet in lower left field / Horse standing right on double exergal line; pellet in lower right field. COA
Ex: Glenn Woods
Sear 6462; Jenkins V, 249
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
gordianmedallion.jpg
GORDIAN III30 viewsAE 34. Antioquia (Pisidia) 238-244 AD. 21,57 grs. Laureate,draped and cuirassed bust right seen from behind. IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS
AVG / Gordian right on horseback, hurling spear at speared lion below, advancing left. CAES ANTIOCH COL. SR to left.
SNG France 1234.
benito
gordianmedallion~0.jpg
GORDIAN III40 viewsAE 34. Antioquia (Pisidia) 238-244 AD. 21,57 grs. Laureate,draped and cuirassed bust right seen from behind. IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS
AVG / Gordian right on horseback, hurling spear at speared lion below, advancing left. CAES ANTIOCH COL. SR to left.
SNG France 1234.
benito
Gordian_III.jpg
Gordian III – RIC-8134 viewsAR Denarius (19mm - 3.15 g). Rome mint. Struck 241-243 AD. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / P M TR P III COS P P, Gordian on horseback left, raising right hand, holding scepter in left. RIC IV 81; RSC 234; RCV 86781 commentsBud Stewart
Gordian_III_RIC_81_den~0.JPG
Gordian III, 238 - 244 AD21 viewsObv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III facing right.

Rev: PM TRP III COS PP, Gordian on horseback pacing left, holding a spear and raising right hand.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 240 - 241 AD

3.9 grams, 19 mm, 180°

RIC IViii 81, RSC 234, S8678, VM 72
SPQR Coins
Gordian_III_RIC_81_(b).JPG
Gordian III, 238 - 244 AD46 viewsObv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III facing right.

Rev: PM TRP III COS PP, Gordian on horseback pacing left, holding a spear and raising right hand.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 240 - 241 AD

3 grams, 19.2 mm, 180°

RIC IViii 81, RSC 234, S8678, VM 72

Ex: FORVM
1 commentsSPQR Matt
13742348.jpg
Greece, Corinth - temlpe of Apollo - Acrocorinth in the background319 viewsCorinth was completely destroyed by Romans in 146 BC - except this temple. Romans built new Corinth 100 years later.Johny SYSEL
23438258.jpg
Greece, Crete, Knossos - palace256 viewscenter of Minoan culture - the first civilization in Europe
Old palace is from 19th to 16th centuries BC
Johny SYSEL
23438234.jpg
Greece, Crete, Knossos - palace252 viewscenter of Minoan culture - the first civilization in Europe
Old palace is from 19th to 16th centuries BC
Johny SYSEL
Argolis_Epidauros_Hemidrachm~0.jpg
GREEK, Argolis, Epidauros ca. 290/80-260 BC, AR Hemidrachm - HGC 5, 722204 viewsLaureate head of Asklepios left. / EΠ monogram within wreath.
Requier Monnayage, Series 2 [1], 137 (D4/R5; this coin); BCD Peloponnesos 1234 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 116 (same dies); HGC 5, 722 (R1).
(14 mm, 2.50 g, 9h)
CNG; ex-BCD Collection; ex-1979/80 Epidaurus Hoard (CH VII, 69)
3 commentsLloyd T
86516q00.jpg
GREEK, Kos, Carian Islands, c. 345 - 340 B.C.23 viewsGS86516. Silver didrachm, Pixodarus p. 234, 13 (A2/P7); SNG Cop 619; Weber 6629; HGC 6 1305 (R1); BMC Caria p. 195, 18 ff. var. (magistrate); SNG Keckman 287 var. (same), gVF, attractive style, bold strike, toned, tight flan cutting off ethnic, corrosion, edge cracks, Kos mint, weight 6.369g, maximum diameter 20.2mm, die axis 0o, Ma[...], magistrate, c. 345 - 340 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse veiled female (Halkiopi?) head left, MA (magistrate) behind, KΩION below; from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; rareJoe Sermarini
Thessalian_drachm~0.jpg
GREEK, Thessalian League Apollo Drachm80 views196-146 B.C.
4.15 gm, 18.5 mm
Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right, ΓAYANA (magistrate) behind
Rev: Athena Itonia standing right, with shield and about to hurl spear, ΘEΣΣA - ΛΩN to sides, bunch of grapes on vine right, Π-O / Λ-Y (magistrate) across lower fields
Sear 2234 var.; BMC Thessaly p.4, 36-37; (SNG Cop 300)
Jaimelai
Hadrse48-2.jpg
Hadrian, RIC 534a, Sestertius of AD 117 (Accession)56 viewsĆ sestertius (23.78g, 34mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 117.
Obv.: IMP CAES DIVI TRAIAN AVG F HADRIAN OPT AVG GER laureate draped cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: DAC PARTHICO P M TR P COS P P (around) S C (ex.) Trajan right handing globe to Hadrian left, both togate and standing.
RIC 534a [R]; Cohen 523; BMCRE 1101; Strack 500; Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-2) 234 (4 spec.); Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 111:4
ex G.Henzen (2009)

The reverse is a symbolic representation of the adoption of Hadrian by Trajan in 117 (on his death bed while in Silicia and in the absence of Hadrian). The rare "accession" reverse type of Hadrian's first issue gives him titles of OPTimus, GERmanicus, DACicus, PARTHICus, and Pater Patriae, which the Senate had decreed to him in his absence. Hadrian however refused these titles and they were omitted from subsequent issues.
Charles S
Henry_VIII_half_groat.jpg
Henry VIII half Groat72 viewsHenry VIII (1509-47)
Silver Half Groat.

Profile portrait type, bust crowned right

Arms over Cross, WA beside shield, the insignia of Archbishop Warham of Canterbury.

Canterbury mint.
Second coinage (1526-44)
S-2343.

Ex-Calgary coins, Ex- Gordon Andreas Singer

SOLD February 2015
3 commentsJay GT4
_#23459;_#32113;_#36890;_#23542;_#22823;_#26679;.jpg
Hsuan-T'ung 49 viewsThe Ching Dynasty,
Emperor PUYE
AD 1908-1912
1 cash
Reverse: "BOO" on the left and "CIOWAN" (Board of Revenue mint) on the right.
24.2mm, 4.63g

Puye was the last emperor of China. He was only three years old when he come to the throne, then was forced to abdicate to the forces of the Republic 1912, but continued to live in the Imperial palace until 1924. In 1932 when the Japanese made him president of Manchukuo, and then changed his title to Emperor of Manchukuo in 1934, with reign title: K'ANG-TE.

Samson L2
HUN_Bela_IV_Huszar_299.JPG
Huszár 299, Unger 222, Réthy I 23444 viewsHungary. Béla IV (1235-1270). AR denar, 13 mm.

Obv: Crowned head facing front.

Rev: Cross with B-E-L-A between the arms, R in central circle.

The coins of Béla IV were initially struck with a fineness of 0.800 silver, and later with a fineness of .900, and had an average weight of .52 g. (per Huszár at 11).

Huszár rarity rating 7.
1 commentsStkp
HUN_Matyas_Huszar_718_Pohl_219-3_#2.png
Huszár 718, Pohl 219-3, Unger 564c, Réthy II 234, Frynas 34.36. 61 viewsHungary. Matthias Corvinus/Mátyás Hunyadi (1458-1490)

AR denar AR denar (aver. fineness approx. .500 AR; ideal weight .59023 g.); .48 g., 15.90 mm. max., 0°

Obv: + MOnETA MAThIE • R • VnGAR, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, crowned lion of Berszterce), raven in escutcheon.

Rev: • PATROn – VnGARI •, Veiled Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–C in fields.

The type was struck 1472-1478 per Pohl. Huszár, Unger, Gyöngyössy and Frynas all assign a date range of 1471-1481.

This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz/Körmöcbánya, now Kremnica, Slovakia, by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf. Although Pohl does not assign a specific date to this mark, Gyöngyössy assigns 1471.

Huszár/Pohl rarity 4, Unger value 7 DM, Frynas rarity C. By my provisional estimate, roughly 30% of this type bears this mark. Coins of this type with this mark most commonly have this obverse legend (or a minor variant). In my article on this coinage, I classified coins bearing this legend as Subtype A.
Stkp
HUN_Matyas_Huszar_718_Pohl_218-2_A.JPG
Huszár 718, Pohl 219-2, Unger 564g, RĂ©thy II 234, Kaplan Subtype A 154 viewsHungary. Matthias "Corvinus" (Mátyás Hunyadi in Hun.) (1458-1490). AR denar.

Obv: + MOnETA MAThIE • R • VnGARIE, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, crowned lion of Berszterce), raven in escutcheon.

Rev: • PATROnA – VnGARI •, Veiled Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–A (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1471-1481 (per Huszár & Unger) or 1472-1478 (per Pohl), with an average fineness of approximately .500 silver, and an average weight of .59023 g. This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Augustin Langsfelder, kammergraf (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. This is a variable type with two subtypes. Subtype A is the more common, comprising around 80% of the coins of the emission. This privy mark appears on only this subtype, and on around 20% of the coins of this type.

In Subtype A coins, the obverse legend is + MOnETA • MAThIE • R • VnGARIE (or a minor variant). They are described and/or depicted in all of the catalogs.
Stkp
HUN_Matyas_Huszar_718_Pohl_219-3.JPG
Huszár 718, Pohl 219-3, Unger 564c, RĂ©thy II 234, Kaplan Subtype A 135 viewsHungary. Matthias "Corvinus" (Mátyás Hunyadi in Hun.) (1458-1490). AR denar.

Obv: + MOnETA MAThIE • R • VnGAR, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, crowned lion of Berszterce), raven in escutcheon.

Rev: • PATROn – VnGARI •, Veiled Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–C (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1471-1481 (per Huszár & Unger) or 1472-1478 (per Pohl), with an average fineness of approximately .500 silver, and an average weight of .59023 g. This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. This is a variable type with two subtypes. Subtype A is the more common, comprising around 80% of the coins of the emission. This privy mark appears on almost 30% of the coins of this type.

In Subtype A coins, the obverse legend is + MOnETA • MAThIE • R • VnGARIE (or a minor variant). They are described and/or depicted in all of the catalogs.
Stkp
HUN_Matyas_Huszar_718_Pohl_219-4_A.JPG
Huszár 718, Pohl 219-4, Unger 564f, RĂ©thy II 234, Kaplan Subtype A 185 viewsHungary. Matthias "Corvinus" (Mátyás Hunyadi in Hun.) (1458-1490). AR denar.

Obv: + MOnETA • MAThIE • R • VnGAR, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, crowned lion of Berszterce), raven in escutcheon.

Rev: • PATROn – VnGARI •, Veiled Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–P (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1471-1481 (per Huszár & Unger) or 1472-1478 (per Pohl), with an average fineness of approximately .500 silver, and an average weight of .59023 g. This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Paul Peck, kammergraf (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. This is a variable type with two subtypes. Subtype A is the more common, comprising around 80% of the coins of the emission.

In Subtype A coins, the obverse legend is + MOnETA • MAThIE • R • VnGARIE (or a minor variant). They are described and/or depicted in all of the catalogs.
Stkp
HUN_Matyas_Huszar_718_Pohl_219-5_B.JPG
Huszár 718, Pohl 219-5, Unger 564e, RĂ©thy II 234, Kaplan Subtype B 160 viewsHungary. Matthias "Corvinus" (Mátyás Hunyadi in Hun.) (1458-1490). AR denar, doublestrike.

Obv: [+] M • MAThIE • R [• VnGARI], Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, crowned lion of Berszterce), raven in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRO — [VnGARIE], Veiled Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K—P/V (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1471-1481 (per Huszár & Unger) or 1472-1478 (per Pohl), with an average fineness of approximately .500 silver, and an average weight of .59023 g. This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Paul Peck, kammergraf, and Veit Mülstein, oberkammergraf (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. This is a variable type with two subtypes. Subtype B is the less common, comprising around 20% of the coins of the emission. This privy mark appears on around 5% of the coins of this type.

In Subtype B coins, the obverse legend is + M • MAThIE • R • VnGARIE (or a minor variant). They are neither described nor depicted in any of the catalogs.
Stkp
HUN_Matyas_Huszar_718_Pohl_219-6_Subtype_A.jpg
Huszár 718, Pohl 219-6, Unger 564d, RĂ©thy II 234, Kaplan Subtype A157 viewsHungary. Matthias “Corvinus” (Mátyás Hunyadi in Hun.) (1458-1490). AR denar, 0.455 g., 15.9 mm, die orientation 45°.

Obv: + MOnETA • MAThIE • R • VnGAR, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, crowned lion of Berszterce), legless raven in escutcheon.

Rev: PATROn – VnGAR, Veiled Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–V (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1471-1481 (per Huszár & Unger) or 1472-1478 (per Pohl), with an average fineness of approximately .500 silver, and an average weight of .59023 g. This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Veit Mülstein, oberkammergraf (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. This is a variable type with two subtypes. Subtype A is the more common, comprising around 80% of the coins of the emission. This privy mark appears on coins of both subtypes and on around 15% of the coins of this type.

In Subtype A coins, the obverse legend is + MOnETA • MAThIE • R • VnGARIE (or a minor variant).

ex Forum Ancient Coins
Stkp
Matyas_Huszar_718_Pohl_219-6~0.JPG
Huszár 718, Pohl 219-6, Unger 564d, RĂ©thy II 234, Kaplan Subtype B 176 viewsHungary. Matthias "Corvinus" (Mátyás Hunyadi in Hun.) (1458-1490). AR denar.

Obv: + M • MAThIE • R • VnGARI, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, crowned lion of Berszterce), legless raven in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRO – VnGAR – •, Veiled Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–V (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1471-1481 (per Huszár & Unger) or 1472-1478 (per Pohl), with an average fineness of approximately .500 silver, and an average weight of .59023 g. This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Veit Mülstein, oberkammergraf (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. This is a variable type with two subtypes. Subtype B is the less common, comprising around 20% of the coins of the emission. This privy mark appears on coins of both subtypes and on around 15% of the coins of this type.

In Subtype B coins, the obverse legend is + M • MAThIE • R • VnGARIE (or a minor variant). They are neither described nor depicted in any of the catalogs.
Stkp
Hartill-18_43.jpg
Imperial China, Jin Dynasty: Shi Zong (1161-1190) AE 1 Cash (Hartill-18.43)10 viewsObv: 大定通寶 Da Ding tong bao (1178-1189)
Rev: 申Shen above
SpongeBob
Hartill-16_408.jpg
Imperial China, Northern Song Dynasty: Chong Ning (1101-1125) AE Ten Cash (Hartill-16.408)11 viewsObv: 崇宁重宝 Chong Ning zhong bao. Li script (1102-06). Large Ten Cash with thin characters
Rev: Blank
SpongeBob
Hartill-16_354.jpg
Imperial China, Northern Song: Sheng Song (1101-1106 CE) AE Cash (Hartill-16.354)8 viewsObv: 聖(圣)宋元寶 Sheng Song yuan bao clockwise. Seal script with Dynastic title (Sacred Song)
Rev: Blank
SpongeBob
Hartill-16_379.jpg
Imperial China, Northern Song: Sheng Song (1101-1106 CE) AE Cash (Hartill-16.379)11 viewsObv: 聖(圣)宋元寶 Sheng Song yuan bao clockwise. Running script with Claw feet bao
Rev: Blank
SpongeBob
Hartill-17_742.jpg
Imperial China, Southern Song: Duan Ping (1234-1236) AE 5 Cash (Hartill-17.742)10 viewsObv: 端平通寶 Duan Ping tong bao (1234-1236); Regular bao
Rev: Blank
SpongeBob
Hartill-17_529.jpg
Imperial China, Southern Song: Kai Xi (1205-1207) FE 2 Cash, Tongan Mint (Hartill-17.529)13 viewsEmperor Ning Zong (1195-1224)

Obv: 開(开)禧通宝 Kai Xi tong bao
Rev: 同 Tong above. Tongan mint, Anhui. Numbers for the year of casting below. 三 san (Year 3 - 1203)
SpongeBob
KM#C-12a.jpg
Imperial Japan: Emperor Meiji (1868-1869) Shu (KM#C-12a)19 viewsObv: 一 朱 銀
Rev: 定 常銀 是座
SpongeBob
shima-sen.jpg
Imperial Japan: Shih chung? Tsuho (ca. 14-16th century) AE Charm (Unknown?)13 viewsBased on analysis, this coin seemed to be a re-carved Northern Song 皇宋通寳 (Huang Song tong bao) coin with the words Shih chung. Close translation means Reveal the Interior or alternately teach the middle (way)SpongeBob
sri_gohaji_k.jpg
INDIA, Kutch State, Sri Gohadaji II7 viewsAR Kori, 15mm, 4.6g, 6h; AD 1761-1778
Obv.: Legend in Urdu: "As-sultan, Muzaffar Shah" with frozen date ٩٧٨ (AH 978); राउ श्री गोहाधजी “Rao Sri Gohadji” in Devnagari at the bottom.
Rev.: Legend in Urdu: "Ar-reman betaid al-muwid shams ad-duniya waud-din abu-Al-nasir" (Son of the world and defender of the Religion by the help and strength of the merciful). Dagger in lower right.
Reference: C#22
John Anthony
94000579.jpg
IONIA, Uncertain EL Myshemihekte28 viewsIONIA, Uncertain. Circa 625-600 BC. EL Myshemihekte – Twenty-Fourth Stater (7mm, 0.49 g). Phokaic standard. Geometric type. Raised clockwise swastika pattern / Quadripartite incuse square. Weidauer –; Traité I 234 var. (swastika counterclockwise); SNG Kayhan 702-3 var. (same); Boston MFA 1782; Rosen 365 var. (same); Elektron I 44. Near VF, flat strike, underweight.


From the Daniel Koppersmith Collection. Ex N. T. Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 245, 1 December 2010), lot 157. and ex- CNG 94
TLP
AC-GAUL__Armorica-3.jpg
Issue in Northwest Gaul in the area of Armorica8 viewsc. 1st century BC. D&T 2341

BI stater (5.94 gm)

Grade AU: Strike 4/5: Surface 4/5

Obv.: Celticized male head right, with hair in spiral curls.

Rev.: Deconstructed biga right; ornaments around; boar right below.

Many Celtic tribes lived within this area including the Coriosolites to which this coin is attributed.
Richard M10
20150822_111234.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, Central Thermae22 viewsThe tepidarium has a vaulted ceiling. The floor has partly collapsed, showing sections of the hypocaust beneath, bus is decorated with a fine mosaic depicting a triton surrounded by dolphins

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
ISSHU_GIN.jpg
JAPAN - Ansei Era65 viewsJAPAN - Ansei Isshu Gin. Obv: 一朱銀 Isshu Gin (1 Shu Silver). Rev: An incuse stamp 定 Jo, meaning “Guaranteed”. 銀座 Ginza (Silver Mint) 常是 Joze, name of the mint official. Top left and right stroke of 常curved. Weight 0.5 momme (1.89 grams), 96.8% silver. (1854-65). Mint: Edo. Reference: Hartill #9.86.2 commentsdpaul7
建炎重宝.jpg
Jian Yan Zhong Bao72 viewsSouth Song Dynasty, Emperor Zhao Gou, 1127-1162 AD
Minted for a very short term. Scarce.
2 commentssamwyi
jovian AE1-.jpg
JOVIAN AE1 (double majorina) AD363-36434 viewsobv: D.N.IOVIANVS.PF.P.P.AVG (diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right)
rev: VICTORIAE.ROMANORVM / TESA (Jovian standing facing, head right, holding labarum & Victory on globe)
ref: RIC VIII-Thessalonica234
8.32g, 26mm
Rare
berserker
r1227_w.jpg
Julia Domna31 viewsAe 24 (diassarion)
Obv. Dr bust r, IVLIA - AVGVSTA round.
Rev. Nike r, stg on globe, palm over l shoulder, wreath in raised r hand, MVNICIP - STOBE round.
Josifovski 234, same reverse die (R84)
7.68 gm, 24.5 mm
Manzikert
JulDomStobi.JPG
Julia Domna, AE 23 Diassaria46 viewsIVLIA AVGVSTA
Bust draped, right
MVNICIP STOBE
Nike advancing right, holding wreath and palm, stepping on globe
Josifovski 232, 233, 235 same obverse die (V82)
Josifovski 234, same reverse die (R84)
Unlisted die pair
5.1 g
whitetd49
JDJulDomna2.JPG
Julia Domna, AE 23 Diassaria - duplicate specimen32 viewsIVLIA AVGVSTA
Bust draped, right
MVNICIP STOBE
Nike advancing right, holding wreath and palm, stepping on globe
Josifovski 232, 233, 235 same obverse die (V82), citing Vienna FL 1598, Vienna IN 5597, Paris 1989
Josifovski 234, same reverse die (R84), citing Vienna IN 5598
Kuzmanovic Collection 464-465
whitetd49
0181-310np_noir.jpg
Julia Domna, Middle bronze33 viewsMiddle bronze struck in Rome AD 214
IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, Diademed and draped bust of Domna right
VESTA, sacrifice scene before temple of Vesta
10.4 gr
Ref : RIC # 607, Cohen #234, RCV #7137

This coin is now belonging to arizonarobin
5 commentsPotator II
julia090408vesta.jpg
Julia Domna, Vesta129 viewsJulia Domna
10.4 gr; Ae 26mm; struck in Rome AD 214

IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG
Diademed and draped bust right

VESTA
sacrifice scene before temple of Vesta

RIC 607, Cohen 234, RCV 7137 /Prov. Ex Potator II Collection
5 commentsarizonarobin
1091_Julia_Mamaea_Alexandria.jpg
Julia Mamaea Alexandria9 viewsBI tetradrachm
29 Aug 233 - 28 Aug 234 AD
diademed and draped bust right
IOYΛ* MAMAIA CEB__MHTE CEB K CTP
Elpis standing left, wearing chiton, holding flower and her dress; palm branch left
L IΓ
Geißen: --, Milne 3141 var., Dattari: 4484 var.
13,9g
ex Dionysos

Legend looks more like IOY A MAMAIA ... but I haven't ever seen this legend documented only IOYΛ MAMAIA ...
Johny SYSEL
0234-210np_noir.jpg
Julia Soemias, Denarius - *64 viewsRome mint, AD 220
IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG, draped bust right
VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus seated left, holding apple and sceptre. Before her, a child
4.16 gr
Ref : RCV #7720, Cohen #14
Potator II
JULIEN_II_RIC234.jpg
JULIEN II - LYON - RIC 2346 viewsSilique, 360-363, S
A/D N FL CL IVLI-ANVS P F AVG
Dominus Noster Claudius Flavius Iulianus Pius Felix Augustus, Notre Seigneur Flavius Claude Julien Pieux et Heureux Auguste
Buste barbu ŕ droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOT/X/MVLT/XX//PLVG
Votis decennalibus/Multis vicennalibus, Vśux pour le dixičme anniversaire de rčgne et pour le vingtičme ŕ venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 1.1 gr - 15.94 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 234, RSC 148a
Siliquae
JULIENII_RIC234_P.jpg
JULIEN II - LYON - RIC 2347 viewsSilique, 360-363, S
A/D N FL CL IVLI-ANVS P F AVG
Dominus Noster Claudius Flavius Iulianus Pius Felix Augustus, Notre Seigneur Flavius Claude Julien Pieux et Heureux Auguste
Buste ŕ droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOT/X/MVLT/XX//PLVG
Votis decennalibus/Multis vicennalibus, Vśux pour le dixičme anniversaire de rčgne et pour le vingtičme ŕ venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 2.05 gr - 17.1 mm - 11h
RIC VIII 234, RSC 148a
Siliquae
sb360_29mm1234gpir.jpg
Justin II AE follis SB 36010 viewsObverse: DN IVSTINVS PP AVG (or similar) Justin, on L., and Sophia, on r., seated facing on double throne, both nimbate; he holds gl. cr., she holds cruciform sceptre; rarely with cross between heads.
Reverse: Large M between ANNP and regnal year (U) yr 5, cross above, officina letter "E" below, In ex. CON.
Date: 569/70 CE
Mint: constantinople
Sear 360 DO 22-43
29mm 12.34 gm
wileyc
justinIIunksb_29mm1234g_pir.jpg
Justin II AE half follis Unk sb.7 viewsObverse: DN IVSTINVS PP AVG ( or similar) Justin on L., Sophia on r., seated facing on double throne, both nimbate; he holds gl. cr., she holds cruciform sceptre sometimes with a cross between their heads.
Reverse: Large K between ANNO possible regnal yr to rt
Mint: most likely Constantinople
Date-565-578CE
21mm 6.07g

wileyc
P1190234.jpg
Kamarina - Onkiai36 viewsKamarina
Onkiai
Obv. Gorgoneion facing
Rev. KAMA. Owl standing right, clutching lizard in talons. Value mark . (dot) in exergue
Struck ca. 420 - 410 BC.
0.95 Gr.
CNS III, 47, 2-3; HGC 2, 552
3 commentsnummis durensis
bosporus_ininthimeos_Anokhin769.jpg
Kingdom of Bosporus, Ininthimeus, Anokhin 76950 viewsIninthimeus, AD 234-238
AE 21 (double denar?), 7.08g
2nd issue, struck in his medium reign
obv. BACILEWC IN - INQIMEOV
Confronting busts of Ininthimeus, draped and diademed, r., and Aphrodite
Apertura (Urania), draped and veiled, wearing polos, l.
rev. Aphrodite Apertura (Urania), in long clothes, wearing polos, std. l., holding
patera (or apple?) in outstretched r. hand
Anokhin 769; MacDonald 599; BMC 5
rare, about VF

The name Ininthimeus is Sarmatian. He may have been a younger son of Cotys III. Whereas the elder sons usually bore the traditional dynastic names of Sauromates and Rhecuporis, a son born subsequently might be given a less familiar name, perhaps in honour of an influential member of the wife's family.
During his reign the intrusion of the Goths created great pressure on the Bosporan Kingdom. Because of that his coinage is generally crude in style and usually poorly preserved.
The coin of this series probably is a double denarius marked B*. Sometimes one of this two elements is omitted and probably the die-cutters have seen the * as symbol for the divine Apertura (MacDonald).
Jochen
Ininthemius_double_denarius.jpg
Kingdom of the Bosporus - Ininthemius, double denarius, AD 234/5-238/930 viewsIninthimeus
Kingdom of the Bosporus
AE double denarius
AD 234/5-238/9
BACIΛEWC ININΘIMEOY
Diademed and draped bust of Ininthimeus right, vis-ŕ-vis veiled and draped bust of Aphrodite Apatura
Aphrodite seated left, holding phiale or apple; B to left
MacDonald 599; Anokhin 679
Ardatirion
korea_2.jpg
KOREA - Emperor YI UM20 viewsKOREA - Emperor YI UM - (1725-1777) 2 Mun Coin (1742-1752), Obverse: Sang P'yong T'ong Bo 常平通寶 - Pyong Variety #2, T'ong variety 2. Reverse: HUN- 訓 Hullyondogam Military Training Command above; 宿 "suk" "Lunar Station" below.dpaul7
Kutch.jpg
Kutch (1778-1814) 31 viewsIndia-Princely State Kutch, 1 Dokdo, C26 - Raydhanji II (1778-1814)
Copper – 7.92 g – ř 15.5 mm
Obverse: Modeled after coin of Mahmud III bin Latif of Gujarat with Katar (dagger). Legend in Persian ' Al wasiq billah al-minnan, Nasir-ud-duniya waud-din Abdul-fateh'. Translation: Trusting in bountiful God, defender of the world and the religion, Father of Victory
Reverse: Modeled after coin of Mahmud III, Rao's name below. Legend in Persian 'As-sultan Mahmud Shah bin Latif Shah'
Larger Devanagari characters
Lettering: राउ श्री रायधानजी
Translation: The Sultan Mahmud Shah son of Latif Shah Rao Shree Rayadhanji
Daniel F
s-l500_(1).png
KUTCH STATE - SHREE DESHALJI - ONE KORI 15 viewsKUTCH STATE - SHREE DESHALJI - ONE KORI - RARE SILVER COIN #HK82

WEIGHT - 4.44 gm.DIAMETER - 15 mm
_8Rayadhanji I S/o Tamachiji (1666 - 1698) coinage issue:
The first series of coins were introduced in 1586, and consisted of copper trambiyo and dhinglo coins, and silver ˝ and 1 kori coins. The 1 dokdo coin was introduced in 1632, followed by the ˝ trambiyo and Ľ kori coins in 1645, the 25 kori coin in 1854, 5 kori in 1863, 50 and 100 kori in 1866, 3 dokda in 1868, 1˝ dokda in 1869, 2˝ kori in 1875, and 1 dhabu, 1 payalo, 1 adhio, and 10 kori coins in 1943. Kutch currency was replaced by the Indian rupee in 1947 at a rate of 1 rupee = 3˝ Kori.
Currency: Kori = 2 Adlinao = 4 Payalo = 8 Dhabu = 16 Dhinglo = 24 Dokda = 48 Trambiyo = 96 Babukiya.



KM#36 Kori. Year: ND (1666-1698). Weight: 4.46g [4.50g]. Metal: 0.800 Silver. Diameter: 15.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Rotated. Mint: Bhuj.
Note: A close imitation of the coin of Gujarat's ruler Muzaffar Shah III with a dagger to bottom right.

Obverse legend in Urdu: "As-sultan, Muzaffar Shah" with frozen date "٩٧٨" (AH 978). Rao's name: राउ श्री ऱायधणजी (Rao Shree Rayadhanji) in Devnagari at the bottom. Reverse legend in Urdu: "Ar-reman betaid al-muwid shams ad-duniya waud-din abu-Al-nasir" (Son of the world and defender of the Religion by the help and strength of the merciful). Dagger mint mark at the right bottom side. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type with AH 978 frozen date. Ruler: Rayadhanji I.
Antonivs Protti
s-l500_(1).jpg
KUTCH STATE - SHREE RAIDHANJI - ONE KORI - 13 viewsKUTCH STATE - SHREE RAIDHANJI - ONE KORI - RARE SILVER COIN #HK79
WEIGHT - 4.40 gm.
DIAMETER - 14 mm
_8Rayadhanji I S/o Tamachiji (1666 - 1698) coinage issue:
The first series of coins were introduced in 1586, and consisted of copper trambiyo and dhinglo coins, and silver ˝ and 1 kori coins. The 1 dokdo coin was introduced in 1632, followed by the ˝ trambiyo and Ľ kori coins in 1645, the 25 kori coin in 1854, 5 kori in 1863, 50 and 100 kori in 1866, 3 dokda in 1868, 1˝ dokda in 1869, 2˝ kori in 1875, and 1 dhabu, 1 payalo, 1 adhio, and 10 kori coins in 1943. Kutch currency was replaced by the Indian rupee in 1947 at a rate of 1 rupee = 3˝ Kori.
Currency: Kori = 2 Adlinao = 4 Payalo = 8 Dhabu = 16 Dhinglo = 24 Dokda = 48 Trambiyo = 96 Babukiya.



KM#36 Kori. Year: ND (1666-1698). Weight: 4.46g [4.50g]. Metal: 0.800 Silver. Diameter: 15.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Rotated. Mint: Bhuj.
Note: A close imitation of the coin of Gujarat's ruler Muzaffar Shah III with a dagger to bottom right.

Obverse legend in Urdu: "As-sultan, Muzaffar Shah" with frozen date "٩٧٨" (AH 978). Rao's name: राउ श्री ऱायधणजी (Rao Shree Rayadhanji) in Devnagari at the bottom. Reverse legend in Urdu: "Ar-reman betaid al-muwid shams ad-duniya waud-din abu-Al-nasir" (Son of the world and defender of the Religion by the help and strength of the merciful). Dagger mint mark at the right bottom side. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type with AH 978 frozen date. Ruler: Rayadhanji I.
Antonivs Protti
s-l1600_(39).jpg
KUTCH STATE-SHREE DESHALJI-ONE KORI-BEAUTIFUL SILVER COIN _9008 viewsSilver kori issued by Desalji II (1819-1860) of Kutch, Indian Princely States
Size:13 mm, 4.5 grams, silver.
Notes:Second series. Minted in the name of Muhammad Akbar II (1806-1837AD). Silver kori (nice silver thick coin) - Persian legends with Nagari name below / Persian legends. The frozen date AH1234 on this series is the accession date of Desalji II. KM 53
Antonivs Protti
Titurius_rev.jpg
L TITURIUS L F SABINUS 26 viewsL TITURIUS L F SABINUS

AR-Denarius, 4.03 g.
Rome, 89 BC.
Obv.: SABIN
Bearded head of King Tatius r.
Rev.: L TITVRI / VIIII
Victory in biga r.
Cr. 344/3; RSC Tituria 6a; BMC 2344.
FDC
1 commentsZeeuwsepiep
Herakles_-_Club.jpg
Lakedaimon Laconia/Sparta ca. 49 to 35 B.C.22 viewsLakedaimon Laconia/Sparta ca. 49 to 35 B.C. Ae 16mm. 1.56g. Dichalkon. Obv: Laureate head of Herakles right. Rev: Club with handle down between L-A above and N-I below, all within an olive wreath. BCD 888v; BCD. Part II 2346. Grunauer XIV, series 14. Ex. BCD Collection Sept 74.ddwau
009~2.JPG
Licinius I60 viewsLicinius I, AE Follis.

Obv: IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing facing with
head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding
Victory on globe and leaning on sceptre, eagle with wreath
left.
B in right field.
Mintmark: SIS.

RIC VI Siscia 234a.
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Licinius_Jupiter_E_SIS.jpg
Licinius I - AE follis4 viewsSiscia
313 AD
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG
Jupiter standing left, holding Victory and scepter; eagle to left
IOVI CONS_ERVATORI AVGG NN
E
SIS
RIC VI Siscia 234a
3,52
Johny SYSEL
Licinius_RIC_VII_Arles_234.jpg
Licinius I RIC VII Arelate 234 24 viewsobv.IMP LICINIVS AVG
laureate head right
rv.DN LICINI AVGVSTI
VOT / XX within wreath
ex.S crescent A
mint Arelate
Holger G
Lucania_Herakleia_SNG-ANS55.jpg
Lucania, Herakleia.19 viewsLucania, Herakleia. 420-390 BC. AR Nomos (7.34 gm). Head of Athena r., wearing crested Attic helmet ornamented with Scylla, A behind. APIΣΤΟΞΕNOΣ in minute letters at base of crest. Light circular bankers mark to r. / Herakles strangling the Nemean lion, club to l. A and minute sideways Σ at ankle, HPAKΛEIΩN to r., APIΣΤΟΞΕ on exergue line (remnant visible). VF. Pegasi 136 #17. SNG ANS 55; HN Italy 1374; HGC 1 977. Jameson 234; SNG Lloyd 271; E.Work 20/Rᵪ15.Christian T
LarryW2347.jpg
Lucania, Velia, 350-281 BC45 viewsSilver didrachm, 22.9mm, 7.32g, VF
Head of Athena left, wearing earring, necklace, and crested Athenian helmet; on helmet, dolphin, on flap, Φ, and on crest carrier, a row of pellets / YEΛHTΩN, lion walking right; above, Φ and I either side of ornamented trident head right; border of dots.
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
BMC Italy, pg 314, #100; Sear 460v; SNG Cop 1585
Lawrence Woolslayer
CaracallaAttaleiaLydiaDionysus_Pan1.jpg
Lydia, Attaleia (Attalia). Caracalla (AD 198–217). SNG Fitzwilliam 4847.30 viewsLydia, Attaleia (Attalia). Caracalla (AD 198–217). Ć 29mm, 13.40g, 5h.
Obverse: [ΑVΤΟ ΚΑΙ Μ]ΑV – Ρ [ΑΝΤΩ]ΝΙΝΟ / C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of beardless emperor right, seen from behind; oval countermark of eagle with wings open in right field.
Reverse: ΕΠ CΤΡ ΜЄΝЄ – ΚΡΑΙΟΥC Β ΑΤΤΑΛ / Є[ΑΤ]ΩΝ, naked Dionysus facing with head left, resting his left hand on thyrsos and extending his right to the horned Pan, who lies right on the ground with left hand raised.
References: SNG Fitzwilliam 4847 (= Leake, Suppl. p. 27.2 = Tochon, 721); Wroth, N. Chr. 1903, p. 336, no. 28 (Pl. XI, 11). For countermark, see Howgego 328.
Ex Christian Clauß, 5-16-2013.

The same obverse die was also used on coin issues of Silandus and Acrasus. See, for example, CNG E303, Lot 221: http://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=234088.
Mark Fox
Blaundos.jpg
Lydia, Blaundos, Herakles / eagle, AE1738 viewstime of Marc Aurel
17mm, 3.88g, 12h
obv: BΛAVNΔE-ΩN, bare head of Herakles right
rev: CTP KΛ - BAΛEPIAN; eagle standing facing, head left on two bones

ex CNG e-auction 234, Lot 152

BMC Lydia, p. 46, #34-37 (not pictured)
1 commentsareich
2AEB9602-2943-4416-AC10-B0DA925FEC3E.jpeg
MACEDON, Cassandraea; Nero.2 viewsMACEDON, Cassandraea. Nero. AD 54-68. Ć (22mm, 8.50 g, 6h). Radiate head of Nero left / Head of Zeus-Ammon left. SNG ANS 234; RPC I 1517. Near VFecoli
11233.jpg
Macedonia under Roman rule, Aesillas, Quästor, Tetradrachm.90 viewsMacedonia under Roman rule, Pella (or a different Bottiaean mint), Aesillas, Quästor, 70 BC.,
Tetradrachm (28-29 mm / 16,49 g),
Obv.: M[AKEΔONΩN] , under head of Alexander the Great with horn of ram / Ammon, hair falling down neck, Θ behind.
Rev.: AESILLAS / Q , club between money-chest and Quaestaor’s chair, all within laurel wreath.
Bauslaugh Group VI (O12A / R ?) ; SNG Lockett 1543 ; SNG Fitzwilliam 2345 ; BMC 81 .
obverse die match: CNG, Mail Bid Sale 61, Lot number: 498

my ancient coin database
Arminius
LarryW2341.jpg
Macedonian Kingdom, Philip II, 359-336 BC29 viewsAV stater, 18mm, 8.57g, gVF
Struck 323-315 BC at Pella
Laureate head of Apollo right, hair short / Galloping biga driven right by charioteer holding goad; beneath, bee and Λ; ΦIΛIΠΠOY in exg
Sear 6663v; SNG ANS 8, 196; Le Rider 598a (D251/R434)
Private sale
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
10482199_758024524234461_6995696604986559527_n.jpg
Macrinus34 viewsMacrinus, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D., Antioch, Syria

Bronze provincial as, McAlee 736; Hunter III, 243 - 244; BMC Galatia p. 200, 403 ff. var (busts); SNG Cop 234 var (same), aF, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, weight 2.175g, maximum diameter 17.8mm, die axis 180o, obverse AYT KAI M O CE MAKPINOC CE, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Macrinus, from the front; reverse KAI M O ∆IA ANTΩNEINOC, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Diadumenian, seen from the front, S - C flanking across field; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare bust variant;

The Battle of Antioch. After Macrinus foolishly cut legionary pay, Legio III Gallica hailed Elagabalus as emperor on 16 May 218. Macrinus sent cavalry but they too joined Elagabalus. Macrinus finally abandoned his pay cut and paid a bonus, but it was too late. Legion II Parthica defected. General Gannys, the commander of Elagabalus' forces, decisively defeated Macrinus was just outside Antioch on 8 June 218. Macrinus shaved off his hair and beard and fled, disguised as a member of the military police. He was recognized by a centurion at Chalcedon on the Bosporus, taken back to Antioch and executed.
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Macrinus counter.jpg
Macrinus & Diadumenian Cilicia Aegeae202 views Ob. MAKPINOVP M EU P AIGEW [N] Wreathed head of Dionysos right; thrysos over shoulder, grapes before
Rev. Confronted busts of Macrinus, on left, and Diadumenian, on right; Macrinus radiate, draped and cuirassed, Diadumenian draped and cuirassed
Countermarks: 2, Bust right and Tyche

Ref. SNG Levante -; SNG France 2347
C/m Howgego -.
Size AE26
Weight: 11.86g
(Bacchus collection)

The oval countermark (between M & D) is Howgego 100, described as bust right. It probably depicts Elagabalus since his coins of Aegeae are plentiful (although never found countermarked). Howgego lists 11 specimens of this countermark, 1 of which on a Macrinus/Diadumenian coin. The countermark in the rectangular punch (behind D) is probably Howgego 200, of which only 3 specimens are noted. It is described as Tyche, turreted right. Two of these three listed by Howgego are of Diadumenian. Howgego lists only one coin that combins H100 and H200.

Special thanks to Automan for assistiance
1 commentsBacchus
Manuel_I_Comnenus,_1143-1180.jpg
Manuel I. 1143-1180 AD, Constantinople. Billon Aspron Trachy.27 viewsMP-QV to left and right of Mary, nimbate, seated facing on throne without back, holding beardless, nimbate head of Christ before her / MANOVHL DECPOTHC (or similar), Manuel, crowned, wearing chlamys and divitision, standing facing, holding labarum and patriarchal cross on globe. SB 1964, BMC 56-57; DO 12b.11.
3,05g., 27mm. Superbe
_2234
Antonivs Protti
rr-marcus-antonius-denarius.jpg
Marcus Antonius (32-31 BC) AR Legionary Denarius31 viewsRoman Republic, Marcus Antonius (32-31 BC) AR Legionary Denarius

Obverse: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian galley rowing right, scepter tied with fillet on deck above.

Reverse: LEG XIV, Aquila standard and two legionary standards.

Reference: RSC 44; Cr 544/29; Syd 1234

Ex: Kayser-i Rum Numismatics
Gil-galad
MARCUS_ANTONIUS_Legion_XIV.jpg
MARCUS ANTONIUS AR Legionary Denarius26 viewsOBVERSE: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian galley, thyrsos behind prow
REVERSE: LEG XIV Legionary eagle between two standards
Patrae 32-31 BC
3.5g, 18mm
Cr544/29; Syd 1234
ex. Germania Inferior Numismatics
2 commentsLegatus
1105_1106.jpg
Marcus Aurelius, Denarius, COS III4 viewsAR Denarius
Marcus Aurelius
Caesar: 140 - 161AD
Augustus: 161 - 180AD
Issued: December, 170 - December, 171AD
19.5 x 18.5mm
O: M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXV; Laureate head, right.
R: COS III; Diana standing front, head left, holding arrow and bow.
Rome Mint
Aorta: B11, O47, R26, T102.
RSC 232; RIC 1306; BMC, p. 460.
edgars2010 272343467044
8/16/16 1/21/17
Nicholas Z
MAAUSE33-2.jpg
Marcus Aurelius, RIC (Antoninus Pius) 1234(b), Sestertius of AD 140-14413 viewsĆ Sestertius (26,10g). Rome mint. Struck AD 140-144 (under Antoninus Pius).
Obv.: [AVRELIVS] CAESAR A[VG PII F COS], bare draped bust right.
Rev.: [PIETAS AVG] around, S C in ex., Priestly emblems: Knife, sprinkler, jug, lituus and simpulum.
RIC (Antoninus Pius) 1234(b); BMCRE 1406; Cohen 457; Strack 922; Banti 232/3
Ex Künker Auction 153.
Charles S
234-Max Thrax Germ Sestertius~0.JPG
Max Thrax Germ Sestertius30 viewsMaximinus I Ć Sestertius.
Obverse: MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM, laur, dr and cuir bust right from behind Reverse: VICTORIA GERMANICA, Victory standing left with wreath & palm; captive seated before.
RIC 90, Cohen 109.
30mm , 17.9gm
Jerome Holderman
Maximinus_standing.jpg
Maximinus Standing Denarius30 viewsMaximinus I Thrax
Reigned AD 235-238
Struck AD 236
AR Denarius
RIC 3, Seer (1988) 2342, RSC 55

O: IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.

R: P M TR P II COS P P, Maximinus standing between two legionary standards.
1 commentsGao
234-Max Thrax Germ Sestertius.JPG
Maximinus Thrax Germ Sestertius33 viewsMaximinus I Ć Sestertius.
Obverse: MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM, laur, dr and cuir bust right from behind Reverse: VICTORIA GERMANICA, Victory standing left with wreath & palm; captive seated before.
RIC 90, Cohen 109.
30mm , 17.9gm

Jerome Holderman
1526-1530_Henry_VIII_Halfgroat.JPG
Medieval, England, HENRY VIII (1509 - 1547), AR Half-groat struck 1526 - 1530 at York under Archbishop Thomas (Cardinal) Wolsey14 viewsObverse: HENRIC•VIII•D•G•R•AGL•Z•F•. Youthful profile crowned bust of Henry VIII facing right within circle of pellets. Mint-mark: Voided cross.
Reverse: CIVITAS EBORACI. Shield bearing coat-of-arms on cross fourchée; T - W in upper field divided by shield; galero (cardinal's hat) below.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.0gm | Die Axis: 8 | Dark, almost black, tone
SPINK: 2346

The T W on the reverse of this coin refers to Thomas Wolsey, known to posterity as Cardinal Wolsey, one of the most powerful figures at the court of Henry VIII. Although this coin is undated, the issue of Henry VIII's second coinage only began in 1526 and so, since Cardinal Wolsey died in 1530, it must have been struck between those two dates.
*Alex
Bela-IV__U-222_C1-234_H-299_1235-1270-AD_Q-001_3h_12,3mm_0,58g-s.jpg
Medieval, Hungary, Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-222, 528 views022 Bela IV., (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-222, King of Hungary
avers:- Emperor faceing, draped with Crown, long hair.
revers:- Cross and circle with in R, B-E-L-A,
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 12,3 mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: 3h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-222_CNH-1-234_Huszar-299,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
2663475.jpg
MICHAEL II ARTA DESPOTATE OF EPIRUS19 viewsMichael II Angelus. Despot of Epiros, 1237-1271. Ć Trachy (19mm, 1.05 g, 6h). Arta mint. Star within crescent; Π or H above / Facing half-length figure of Michael, holding akakia; cross to upper left. Bendall, “The coinage of Michael II, Angelos of Epirus, 1231-1265,” NumCirc CIV/1 (February 1996), 8; DOC –; SB 2234. Paleologos
SevAlexDiplomaDenarii.jpg
Military Diploma and Denarii issued by Severus Alexander110 viewsDated by line 3, side 2, to 229-230, 233-235: COS III, preceded by II, the last two digits of the TRIB POT number. He became COS III in 229, and remained this until his death in 235, so the possible years are 229 (TRIB POT VIII), 230 (VIIII), 233 (XII), 234 (XIII) and 235 (XIIII). **CLICK TO EXPAND**

4 commentsNemonater
MilitaryDiploma.jpg
Military Diploma fragment issued by Severus Alexander149 viewsDated by line 3 to 229-230, 233-235: COS III, preceded by II, the last two digits of the TRIB POT number. He became COS III in 229, and remained this until his death in 235, so the possible years are 229 (TRIB POT VIII), 230 (VIIII), 233 (XII), 234 (XIII) and 235 (XIIII). (78x54 mm)

... M]AGNI II FIL
“Son of Magnus Pius”
... ALEXAN]DER PIVS FELIX AVG
“Alexander Pius Felix Augustus”
... TRIB POT?]II COS III P P
“In the ? year of Tribunician and Conul power, Pater Patriae”
... MI]LITAVERVNT IN
“Who served in”
... SE]VERIANIS DECEM
“Ten Severan”
... ] PIIS VINDICIBVS
“Loyal and Avenging”
... MILI]TIA FVNCTI SVNT
“Performed their military function”
... ] CVM SINGV
“With one”
?LIS ... ETIA]M SI PEREGRI
“Even if foreign”
NI IVRIS ... ] ...

"The underlined portions being the words that are visible on the fragment:

'The Emperor Caesar, son of the deified Antoninus Pius the Great [i.e. 'Caracalla'], grandson of Severus Pius [i.e. Septimius Severus], Marcus Aurellius [thus usually written] Severus Alexander Pius Felix ['happy'] Augustus, Pontifex Maximus, in the [...]IIth year of his Tribunician Power, Consul three times [i.e. 229 or later: see above], Father of his Country. The names of the soldiers who have served in the ten Severan Praetorian Cohorts (numbered) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, Pius Vindex ['dutiful, avenging'], who have dutifully and bravely completed their service, (to them) I have granted the right of Roman marriage, provided it is with one woman only and she their first wife, so that even if they marry women of non-Roman status ...'" - Great thanks to the Classics Faculty in Oxford.

After serving twenty-five years in the Roman auxiliary units, a soldier was granted Roman citizenship as well as the legalization of his existing or future marriage. This was of relevance for his children who thus became Roman citizens and his full legal heirs under Roman law. His wife was not granted Roman citizenship. A diploma, copied from an original posted in Rome , served as evidence of these civic rights and no doubt was preserved as an important legal document by its recipient and his descendants.

Why have so few diplomas survived to the present? Is it possible that veterans received copies in wood, papyrus or bronze depending on what the could afford? Or perhaps only a select few received the small bronze copies of the public imperial constitutions? Whichever the case, far more questions surround these pieces than answers!

The old Praetorian Guard was disbanded by Septimius Severus after he seized Rome in 193 A.D., and was replaced by a new Guard of ten cohorts, each 1000-men strong, drawn from the Danubian legions which had supported his usurpation. It continued to be largely recruited from this source, with many Guardsmen being of Thracian origin, until it was finally disbanded by Constantine in 312 A.D.
4 commentsNemonater
nikopolis_commodus_Varbanov2154corr~0.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 10. Commodus, HrHJ (2018) 8.10.01.05 (plate coin)21 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 28, 10.46g, 27.97g, 195°
struck under governor Caecilius Servilianus
obv. AV - T KAI MAR AVRH - KOMODOC
laureate head r.
rev. HGEM KAIK CEROVEIL - NEIKOP PROC ICT
Zeus in himation enthroned l., resting with raised l. hand on sceptre and holding
in extended r. hand patera; at his feet the eagle
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2154 corr. (writes CEROVBEIL and cites AMNG 1234 in error)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.10.1.5 (plate coin)
rare, EF, some smoothing

Remarkable CEROVEIL instead of CERBEIL! Occurs otherwise only once on AMNG 1234 (Hygieia and Asklepios).
Jochen
nikopolis_commodus_HrHJ(2013)8_10_21_1.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 10. Commodus, HrHJ (2018) 8.10.21.0117 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 28, 13.38g, 27.79mm, 180°
struck under governor Caecilius Servilianus
obv. AV - T KAI MAR AVRH - KOMODOC
laureate head r.
rev. HGE - MO KAIKILI C - ERBEILIAN NEIKOPO PROC ICT
Hygieia in long garment and mantle stg. r., feeding snake in r. arm from patera in l. hand, and Asklepios
in himation,stg. l., resting on his snake staff
ref. a) not in AMNG:
cf. AMNG I/1, 1234 (for the type only)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2151 var. (has PPOC(sic!) ICT)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.10.21.1 (same dies)
F+, some corrosions on rev.
Jochen
nikopolis_commodus_HrHJ(2013)8_10_21_1var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 10. Commodus, HrHJ (2018) 8.10.21.01 #213 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 27, 13.06g, 27.36mm, 180°
struck under governor Caecilius Servilianus
obv. AV - T KAI MAR AVRH - KOMODOC
laureate head r.
rev. HGEMo KAIKILI - CERBEILIA NEIKOPO PROC ICT
Hygieia in long garment and mantle stg. r., feeding snake in r. arm from patera
in l. hand, and Asklepios in himation, stg. frontal, head l., resting on his snake
staff.
ref. a) not in AMNG:
cf. AMNG I/1, 1234 (for the type only)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2151 var. (has CERBEILIAN)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.10.21.1 #2
S+, nice green patina
Jochen
nikopolis_commodus_8_10_21_3var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 10. Commodus, HrHJ (2018) 8.10.21.03 17 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 27, 8.63g, 27.22mm, 180°
struck under governor Caecilius Servilianus
obv. AV - T KAI MAR AVRH - KOMODOC
laureate head r.
rev. HGEM - [O] KAIKI - CERBILEIANO NEIKOPO PROC ICT
Hygieia in long garment and mantle stg. r., feeding snake in r. arm from patera in l. hand, and Asklepios,
in himation, stg. l., resting with r. hand on snake staff set in armpit and holding l. arm at hip
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1234 var.
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.10.21.3
VF, nice green patina

From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!
Jochen
nikopolis_commodus_HrJ(2011)8_10_21_4corr.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 10. Commodus, HrHJ (2018) 8.10.21.05 (plate coin)18 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 28, 13.62g, 7.92mm, 195°
struck under Hegemon Caecilius Servilianus
obv. AV - T K M - AR AVRH - KOMODOC
laureate bust r.
rev. HG - EMO KAI - K CERBEILI - NEIKOPO PROC ICT
Hygieia, in long garment, stg. l.., head r., feeding snake in r. arm from patera in l. hand,
and Asklepios in himation, resting on his snake-staff, stg. r., head l.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1234 var. (similar to #3 from Sestini)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.):
cf. #2144
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.10.21.5 (plate coin)
rare, about VF
Jochen
nikopolis_commodus_HrHJ(2013)8_10_21_1cf.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 10. Commodus, HrHJ (2018) 8.10.21.08 corr. (plate coin)8 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 27, 13.76mm
struck under governor Caecilius Servilianus
obv. AV - T KAI MAR AVRH - KOMODOC
laureate head r.
rev. HGEMO KAIKI CERBEI[LIANOV] - NEIKOP PROC ICT (beginning at 12h!)
Hygieia in long garment and mantle stg.r., feeding snake in r. arm from patera in l. hand, and Asklepios in
himation stg. l., resting on his snake staff
ref. a) not in AMNG:
cf. AMNG I/1, 1234 (for the type only)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.10.21.8 corr. (plate coin, correct is 21.9)
rare, F+, brown patina

This coin differs from the other types with Asklepios/Hygieia mainly by the position of the revers legend.
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrJ(2011)8_14_9_19(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.09.25 (plate coin)21 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 16, 4.068g, 17.9mm, 0°
obv. AV KAI - CEVHROC
laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLI PROC - ICTRW.
Nike with palmbranch and wreath advancing l
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1369 var. (obv. legend)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2340
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.9.25 (plate coin)
about VF, blunt green patina
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_AMNG1373var(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.10.30 #127 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 16, 2.28g, 15.99mm, 15°
obv. [AV] L C - CEVHROC
laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPO - LIT PROC (retrograde, from lower right counterclockwise)
Hermes, nude, chlamys over l. arm, stg. l., holding kerykeion in l. arm and purse in r. hand
ref. a) not in AMNG:
obv. AMNG I/1, 1377
rev. AMNG I/1, [1381] var. (only legend, has PROC IC. But Pick seems to have this coin not in hand, so
the legend may be not sure)
AMNG I/1, 1373 (depiction)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2344 var. (has AV C - CEVHROC, but pic very odd), rev. same die
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No.8.14.10.30
Rare, F/F+, dark green patina

The loop of the ties often looks like a L!
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HJ8_14_10_22corr.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.10.30 #217 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 18, 2.46g, 17.90mm, 180°
obv. AV L C - CEVHROC
laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPO - LIT PROC (retrograde from lower r. counterclockwise)
Hermes, nude, chlamys over l. arm, stg. l., holding kerykeion in l. arm and purse in
r. hand
rev. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, [1381] var. (legend, but has PROC I)
AMNG I/1, 1373 (depiction)
obv. AMNG I/1, 1377
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2344 var. (has AV C)
rev. from same die
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.10.30
F+, dark green patina, some encrustations
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrHJ(2015)8_14_10_29.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.10.30 #28 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 17, 2.68g, 17.07mm, 19°
obv. AV L C - CEVHROC
laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPO - LIT PROC (from lower right counterclockwise)
Hermes, nude, chlamys over l. shoulder, stg. frontal, head l., holding kerykeion in l. arm and in extended r. hand
purse
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2344
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.10.30 (same dies)
F+, black green patina
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_AMNG1424.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.47.24 #1 (plate coin)22 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 191-211
AE 18, 3.2g, 17.99mm, 210°
obv. AV - K - CEVHROC
laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLI PROC ICTRW
Tripod with snake entwined around l. leg.
Ref. a) not in AMNG
rev. AMNG I/1, 1424 (as ex. #4, Paris)
obv. AMNG I/1, 1404
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2342 var. (AE 20 only)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.47.24 (plate coin)
rare, VF
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrJ(2012)8_14_47_21(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.47.24 (rev. only)12 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 17, 2.30g, 17.13mm, 210°
obv. AV - K L - CEVHROC
laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLI PROC ICTRW
Tripod, l. leg entwined by snake
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1424 var.
b) cf. Varbanov (engl.) 2342 (obv. legend not mentioned)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.47.24 (rev. only)
F+, dark green patina, a bit excentric
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrJ(2011)8_14_54_9var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.54.12 (plate coin)20 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 18, 2.09g, 17.78mm, 15°
obv. AV K L C - CEVHROC
laureate head r.
rev. NIKO / POLI / PROC / I
legend in 4 lines in laurel wreath
ref. a) not in AMNG:
AMNG I/1, 1447 has different bust and POLIT
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2349 var. (has POLIT)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.54.12 (plate coin)
F+, dark green patina

The missing T is not a blocked die. You can see the distribution of the letters.

Jochen
nikopolis_makrinos_Moushmov1234.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 23. Macrinus, HrHJ (2018) 8.23.46.06 (plate coin)382 viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 27, 14.01g, 27.34mm, 45°
struck under governor Marcus Claudius Agrippa
obv. AV K OPPEL CE - VH MAKRINOC
laureate head r.
rev. VP AGRIPPA NIKOPOLITWN PROC / C ICTRW
city-gate with three towers, all with three pinnacles, closed double-door
ref. a) not in AMNG:
cf. AMNG I/1, 1826 (for Diadumenian)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3383
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.23.46.6 (plate coin)
very rare, VF/EF, dark-brown patina, a wunderful coin!
16 commentsJochen
1202.jpg
MPR 12318 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS AVGVSTI (Roma dressed as amazon, leaning on shield and holding spear)
BUST TYPE: H2 = Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding eagle-tipped sceptre (scipio)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//RB
WEIGHT 3.86g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 22-27mm
RIC: 234
J.GUILLEMAIN, MONETAZIONE DI PROBO A ROMA (276-282 d.C.), 2009: 123 (2 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 1202
Barnaba6
107.jpg
MPR 16030 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: VIRTVS AVGVSTI
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//RE
WEIGHT 3.51g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC: 234
J.GUILLEMAIN, MONETAZIONE DI PROBO A ROMA (276-282 d.C.), 2009: 160 (11 EX.)
L’ATELIER DE ROME AU DEBUT DU REGNE DE PROBUS (276-277). CORPUS ET DOCUMENTS INEDITS, 2006, S. ESTIOT, P.GYSEN: 26 EX.
COLLECTION NO. 614
Barnaba6
86.jpg
MPR 23423 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: ROMAE AETERNAE
BUST TYPE: E1
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//Rζ
WEIGHT 3.24g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 22-24mm
RIC 194
MPR 234 (8 EX.)
RN 2006 ESTIOT/GYSEN (14 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 825
Barnaba6
atu1.jpg
Nasir al-Din Mahmud (AH 616-631/ AD 1219-1234),82 viewsOb. Facing head with two Nikes above
Rev. Modud's legend

Nasir al-Din Mahmud (AH 616-631/ AD 1219-1234),
al-Mawsil (Mosul) mint

Ae Dirhem
Ref Mitchiner 1118, SS59
Size 30mm

-:Bacchus:-
5 commentsBacchus
nero_tiberius.jpg
Nero, tetradrachm, Tiberius reverse15 viewsNero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt, Tiberius Reverse. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 185; RPC I 5295; Milne 256; BMC 114 - 115, aVF, Alexandria mint, 12.234 grams, 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, 66 - 67 A.D.; obverse “NERW KLAU KAIS SEB GER AU”, radiate head left, wearing aegis, date LI“G” left ( year 13 ); reverse TIBEPIO“S” KAI“S”AP, laureate head of Tiberius right; ex FORVMPodiceps
OAXACA_8r.jpg
OAXACA - War of Independence Issue36 viewsOAXACA - War of Independence Issue Cu 8 Reales, 1813. KM #234. These are difficult to find in really nice condition! dpaul7
coins26.JPG
Odessos, Gordian III & Great God of Odessos15 viewsObviously Gordian III as Robert stated. Obv. legend AVT KM ANT GORDIANOC and AVG below. But it is not Serapis but the Great God of Odessos! I have an article about this deity in the thread 'Mythological interessent coins'. Perhaps you take a look. You can differentiate the Great God (greek = Theos Megas) from Serapis easily by the cornucopiae he always is holding. The cornucopiae you can see at the rigt brder under the -OC of GORDIANOC.
The reverse is ODHCC - EITWN. The O you can see too. E in the left field for pentassarion. It s AMNG 2341 if the size is AE27. Only one spec. in Sofia known in AMNG, so I think it is a rare one.
ecoli
Macedon_Olynthos_SNG-ANS466_gf.jpg
Olynthos. 460-432 BC. AR Tetrobol 3 viewsMacedon, Olynthos. 460-432 BC. AR Tetrobol (2.30 gm). Bridled horse jumping r. / Eagle flying upwards, spread wings, head r., with serpent in beak and talons. ΟΛΥΝ.  aVF.  Bt. Guy Clark 1999. SNG ANS 7 #466; AMNG III/2 Olynthos #3 (plate XVII #2); Babelon Traite II #1653; HGC 3.1 #598; Robinson-Clement Olynthos IX p.296 (plate XXXIV #10); SNG Ashmolean 2336; SNG Cop 2 #234; Weber 1902. Anaximander
DHbyzweight10mm1mm234g.jpg
One half nomisma weight13 viewsEngraved IB.
10mm/15mm, 2mm. 2.34g
wileyc
IMGP3381Orod2combo.jpg
Orodes II., 57 - 38 BC12 viewsAR dr., 4,03gr, 20,8mm; Sellwood 46.12var. (torque), Shore 234var., Sunrise 370var.;
mint: Mithradatkart; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/ broad diadem, knot and 2 or 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, short beard in 3 rows of dashes; endless torque; wart the base of the nostril; cuirass; crescent in upper right field; border 7 to 14h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below; 7-line legend : BΛΣIΛEΩC (BΛ)ΣIΛEΩ retrograde N VPCΛVo(V), the 2 bottom lines are garbled as is the inner left line, (ΦIΛE)ΛΛHN (OC);

ex: H. Lanz, Germany.
Schatz
IMGP3377Orod2combo.jpg
Orodes II., 57 - 38 BC9 viewsAR dr., 4,08gr, 20mm; Sellwood 46.12, Shore 234, Sunrise 370 ;
mint: Mithradatkart; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/ broad diadem, knot and 2 or 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, short beard in 3 rows of curls; multi-turn torque w/double pellet finial; wart at the base of the nostril; cuirass; crescent in upper right field; dotted border 7 to 14h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below; 7-line legend : (B)ΛCIΛEΩC (BΛ)CIΛEΩ retrograde N VPΣΛVoV, the 2 bottom lines are garbled as is the inner left line, (ΦI)ΛEΛΛHN (oC);

ex: H. Lanz, Germany.
Schatz
IMGP3375Orod2combo.jpg
Orodes II., 57 - 38 BC9 viewsAR dr., 3,93gr, 21mm; Sellwood 46.12, Shore 234, Sunrise 370;
mint: Mithradatkart; axis: 12h:30;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/ broad diadem, knot and 2 or 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, short beard in 3 rows of dots and dashes; multi-turn torque; w/double pellet finial; wart at the base of the nostril; cuirass; crescent in upper right field; traces of border 10 to 13h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below; 7-line legend : BΛΣIΛEΩC (BΛ)ΣIΛEΩ retrograde N VPCΛVV, the 2 bottom lines are garbled or illegible as is the inner left line, (Φ)IEΛΛNHY;

ex: CNG eAuction 246;
Schatz
12346LG.jpg
Otacilia Severa AR Antoninanus / Concordia141 viewsAttribution: RIC 126 (RIC IV, Part III), RSC 17

Mint: Rome

Date: 246-247 AD

Obverse: M OTACIL SEVERA AVG; Diademed and draped bust right on crescent

Reverse: CONCORDIA AVGG; Concordia seated left, holding double cornucopia and patera, altar before

Size: 23.32 mm

Weight: 4.5 grams

Some additional info from Curtis Clay
"Your coin can be precisely dated to c. spring 247.
Not earlier, because it shows the altar at Concordia's feet which was added to the type c. spring 247. Not later, because Otacilia's obv. legend still begins with M, which was dropped from the legend c. summer 247.
These dates depend on the assumption that these changes were simultaneous with similar changes on the coins of Philip I, one of whose types bore the date TR P IIII, equivalent to 247 AD."

2 commentsAnemicOak
otacilia_125(c).jpg
Otacilia Severa RIC IV, 125(c)74 viewsOtacilia Severa, Wife of Philipp I, AD 234
AR - Antoninianus, 4.19g, 22mm
Rome 146-148
obv. M OTACIL SEVERA AVG
draped bust on crescent, diademed head r.
rev. CONCORDIA AVGG
Concordia seated l., holding patera and double cornucopiae
RIC IV/3, 125(c); C.4
good VF
2 commentsJochen
PMTRPIIICOSPP.jpg
P M TR P III COS P P Gordian on horseback22 viewsobv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG laurate, draped and cuirassed bust of gordian right seen from behind

rev P M TR P III COS P P Gordian on horseback left, the right arm raised, a transversal sceptre in left hand.

RIC 81 / C 234

refered R by RIC but seems more likely C
leseullunique
Philip_I_and_Otacilia_Severa.jpg
Philip I and Otacilia Severa22 viewsPHILIP I and OTACILIA SEVERA, 244-249 AD, Mesembria Thrace, Ć 25mm, 10.8g, Varbanov II (engl) pg 355 - 4234
OBV: AVT M IOVΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOC M Ωt CEBHPA CEB, Confronted bust of Philip and Otacilia
REV: MECAMBPIANΩN, Dikaiosyne standing left, holding scales and cornucopia
Romanorvm
RIC_234(v)_Bland82.jpg
Philip II.21 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. PM TRP IIII COS PP
Philip veiled standing left, holding patera with right hand, sacrificing over tripod
RIC 234(v) Bland 82 Ňvŕri 30B, 2,80g , Antiochia, RRR
Priscus
Macedon_PhilipV_SNG-ANS_1234_gf.jpg
Philip V. 221-179 BC. AE19 6 viewsMacedon, Philip V. 221-179 BC. AE19 (6.58 gm) of Amphipolis or Pella, 220-216 BC. Head of Herakles r., clad in lion skin headdress. / Horseman prancing r., raising arm. BA below, monogram ΦI to l.  VF.  SNG Cop. 2 #1234; HGC 3.1 #1073; Mamroth Bronzemunzen ZfN 42 (1935) #1 (plate VI #1); Touratsoglou Macedonia 1. Anaximander
231- Phonecia, Triopolis 1.JPG
Phoenica. Tripolis34 viewsAE20, Triopolis Mint
Obverse: Veiled bust of Tyche right.
Reverse:TRIPOLITWN. Nike standing right on prow.
Lindgren & Kovacs 2345.
20mm, 9.7gm
Jerome Holderman
PS_3.jpg
Phoenicia, Arados 234-233 B.C17 viewsAE 14.24mm (Thickness 2.40mm), weight 2.66g, die axis = 3h (90 degrees), denomination C.

Obverse: Turreted head of Tyche right, border of dots (Beveled flan).

Reverse: Prow of galley left with (Ἀθηνᾶ Πρόμαχος) Athena figurehead fighting left with shield and spear, AP monogram above, border of dots (of the flan). Aradian era date 26.
Martin Rowe
PSX_20181127_234709.jpg
PHOENICIA, Tyre. Elagabalus. AD 218-222. Ć 30mm 14 viewsObv.Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. Astarte standing facing, foot on prow, holding scepter and placing right hand on trophy to outer left; to outer right, Nike on column, crowning Astarte; palm tree to inner left, murex shell to inner right.
References; Rouvier 2350; SNG Copenhagen 364 var. (bust type); BMC 396.
VF, Green patina with a dusting of light earthen deposits.
Canaan
tyros_elagabal_SNGrigh2344.jpg
Phoenicia, Tyros, Elagabal, SNG Righetti 234452 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 27, 11.71g
obv. IMP CAES M AN- TONINVS AVG
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. TV - RI - O - RVM
Two baetylic stones (the so-called 'Ambrosial rocks'), standing each on a base, between
them Holy Oil-tree
in ex: dog of Herakles, walking r., finding Myrex-shell
SNG Rughetti 2344; BMC Phoenicia, pl. XLIV, 7 and p.cxli, para 2, citing a spec. from Berlin
rare, F
From Forum Ancient Coins, thank you!

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
1 commentsJochen
Capture_00002_2.jpg
Phokis14 viewsFederal Coinage
460 - 430 BC
Silver Obol
0.76 gm, 9.5 mm
Obv.: Bull's head facing, Φ – O in field
Rev.: Forepart of a boar right within incuse square
Sear 2349; BMC 8 p.17, 34, 35
Jaimelai
27543LG.jpg
Phokis AR Obol 460-430 BC SG 234945 viewsPhokis AR Obol 460-430 BC SG 2349. Facing head of bull/Boar. Fine.
Size: 9 mm _3500 sold
Antonivs Protti
232- Phonecia, Triopolis 2.JPG
Phonecia, Triopolis 236 viewsAE 23, Triopolis mint, 1st century AD.
Obverse: Conjoined heades of the Dioscuri right
Reverse:TRIPOLITWN- LTK . Nike standing right on prow ,holding wreath and palm.
SGI 5207, Lindgren & Kovacs 2344
23mm, 8.9gm.
Jerome Holderman
RI 049c img~0.jpg
Pietas235 viewsFaustina Senior Denarius
Obv:– DIVA AVG FAVSTINA, Bust head right
Rev:– PIETAS AVG, Pietas standing left and altar
References:– RIC 394a, RSC 234

The virtue "Dutifulness". A respect for the natural order socially, politically, and religiously. Includes the ideas of patriotism and devotion to others.
maridvnvm
Faustina_I_2.jpg
PIETAS AVG19 viewsFaustina Senior Denarius. DIVA AVG FAVSTINA, draped bust right / PIE-TAS AVG, Pietas standing left, dropping incense on altar. RIC 394a, RSC 234, BMC 311.kaitsuburi
1410_Pitane2.jpg
Pitane - AE5 views400-200 BC
head of Zeus-Ammon right
pentagram, • in center
Π_I_T_A_N
BMC 171, 5; SNG France 2349; Tuebingen 2495

ex Savoca
Johny SYSEL
max-gandolph.jpg
POST MEDIEVAL, AUSTRIA, SALZBURG, 1 TALER, 1670494 viewsSilver coin with 28,84 grams
Ruler: Max Gandolph Graf-Küenburg (1668 - 1687)
Obv.: SANCT.RVDBERT VS.EPS.SALISB:1670
Rev.: MAX:GAND:D:G:AR:EP:SAL:SE:AP:L. (SVB.TVVM.PRAE SIDIVM.CONF VG.)
Ref.: Km#190, BR: 3234, Pr.: 1654
lincon r2
divus_claudius.jpg
Posthumous under Constantine I: Eagle11 viewsClaudius II, 317-318 Rome, posthumously under Constantine I, DIVUS CLAUDIUS II Ć 4. Rev. MEMORIAE AETERNAE, Eagle standing right, head left, RT in exergue, mint of Rome. 1.7 g 16 mm RIC 112 Sear 1988: 3234. Podiceps
234_Postumus_75.jpg
Postumus - AE antoninianus29 viewsTrier
263-265 AD
Issue 3
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia
M_ONET_A AVG
RIC V-II Lyons 75, C 199
3,24g 21,5-20,5mm
Johny SYSEL
1304~0.jpg
PROBUS RIC 530 7 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS AVG CONS V
REVERSE: SECVRIT PERP
BUST TYPE: H2 = Radiate bust left in consular robe, holding scipio
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: */I//VIXXI
WEIGHT 2.98g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH: 21-22 mm
RIC: 530
COLLECTION NO. 1304

Extremely rare and desirable consular obverse legend!

THIS COIN IS PART OF THE CODED EQVITI SERIES (see second letter "I" in right field)

Ex Ph. Gysen collection

Only 6th ex. known to me (the others being in U. Neumann collection; London Ancient Coins E-auction 171; CNG 234/389; WILDWINDS under RIC 530 and coin no. 1261 on probuscoins.fr (Gysen))
Barnaba6
Probus_RIC_V,_II_234.jpg
Probus, AE Antoninianus, RIC V, II 234 Rome, Virtus3 viewsProbus
Augustus, 276 - 282 A.D.

Coin: AE Antoninianus

Obverse: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate bust facing left, wearing an Imperial Robe and holding an Eagle-tipped Sceptre with his right hand.
Reverse: VIRTVS AVGVSTI, Virtus, standing to the left, resting her right hand upon a Shield and holding a Spear with her left.

Weight: 3.52 g, Diameter: 24.2 x 22 x 1.1 mm, Die axis: 200°, Mintmark: RЄ (Rome), struck between 278-282 A.D. Reference: RIC V, II 234 Rome
Masis
1576_1577.jpg
Probus, Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, P, XXIMC6 viewsAE Antoninianus
Probus
Augustus: 276 - 282AD
Issued: 280AD
21.3mm 2.38gr
O: IMP CM AVR PROBVS PF AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM; Probus standing left on right, holding spear, receiving wreath from Victory, to right.
Exergue: P, above line; XXIMC, below line.
Cyzicus Mint
Aorta: 2169: B87, O38, R30, T81, M2.
RIC Vol. 2, 907.
balbinusnumismatica2009 172340002540
9/21/16 1/20/17
Nicholas Z
6273_6274.jpg
Provincial, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior, AE26, VΠ AVP ΓΑΛΛΟV NIKOΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ ΠΡΟC ICTΠ14 viewsAE26
Roman Provincial
Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior
Magistrate: Aurelius Gallus
Septimius Severus
Augustus: 193 - 211AD
26.0mm 9.70gr 6h
O: AV K Λ C CεVHPOC; Laureate head, right.
R: VΠ AVP ΓΑΛΛΟV NIKOΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ ΠΡΟC ICTΠ; River god reclining left on an overturned urn, resting arm on prow of galley, holding water plants as cornucopiae.
Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior Mint
Moushmov 993 var. (obverse legend)
miller-mint/Henry Miller 182346546957
3/20/18 3/26/18
Nicholas Z
ptolemy_II_s838~0.jpg
Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 16.1mm, Zeus, Gaza, Svoronos 83824 viewsPtolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C. Bronze AE 16, Svoronos 838, aVF, off-center, Gaza mint, 5.234g, 16.1mm, 45o, obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse “PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS”, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, double cornucopia across shoulder, club left. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Ptolemy V Epiphanes, AE26, 205-180 BC.JPG
Ptolemy V Epiphanes, AE26, 205-180 BC25 viewsPtolemy V Epiphanes
AE 26mm, 205-180 BC
bust of Cleopatra I r.
eagle std. r.
ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ
Svoronos 1234
Ardatirion
41476_Ptolemy_V_S1234.jpg
Ptolemy V Epiphanes; Alexandria; Isis; Svoronos 123435 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy V Epiphanes, 205/4 - 180 B.C. GB41476. Bronze AE 20, Svoronos 1234, SNG Cop 247, Alexandria mint, 15.302g, 27.2mm, 0o, obverse wreathed head of Isis right; reverse “ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ”, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings spread. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Isis_k.jpg
Ptolemy V-VI, 204-145 BC5 viewsĆ Hemidrachm, 27mm, 18.4g, 6h; Alexandria mint.
Obv.: Diademed head of Isis right.
Rev.: ΠTOΛEMAIOΥ BAΣIΛEΩΣ; Eagle on thunderbolt.
Reference: Svoronos 1234 and SNG Cop 247 (as Ptolemy IV)
16-375-115
John Anthony
4233_4234.jpg
Ptolemy VI, Diobol, ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑIΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ7 viewsAE Diobol
Greek Provincial
Ptolemaic Egypt
Ptolemy VI
Issued: 180 - 145BC
21.0mm
O: NO LEGEND; Head of Zeus-Ammon, right.
R: ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑIΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ; Two eagles standing left on thunderbolt, cornucopiae before.
SNG Cop 311cf
ECIN Associates
11/18/14 4/30/17
Nicholas Z
freeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee2_169.JPG
Rayadhanji I S/o Tamachiji (1666 - 1698) coinage issue:110 viewsRayadhanji I S/o Tamachiji (1666 - 1698) coinage issue:
The first series of coins were introduced in 1586, and consisted of copper trambiyo and dhinglo coins, and silver ˝ and 1 kori coins. The 1 dokdo coin was introduced in 1632, followed by the ˝ trambiyo and Ľ kori coins in 1645, the 25 kori coin in 1854, 5 kori in 1863, 50 and 100 kori in 1866, 3 dokda in 1868, 1˝ dokda in 1869, 2˝ kori in 1875, and 1 dhabu, 1 payalo, 1 adhio, and 10 kori coins in 1943. Kutch currency was replaced by the Indian rupee in 1947 at a rate of 1 rupee = 3˝ Kori.
Currency: Kori = 2 Adlinao = 4 Payalo = 8 Dhabu = 16 Dhinglo = 24 Dokda = 48 Trambiyo = 96 Babukiya.



KM#36 Kori. Year: ND (1666-1698). Weight: 4.46g [4.50g]. Metal: 0.800 Silver. Diameter: 15.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Rotated. Mint: Bhuj.
Note: A close imitation of the coin of Gujarat's ruler Muzaffar Shah III with a dagger to bottom right.

Obverse legend in Urdu: "As-sultan, Muzaffar Shah" with frozen date "٩٧٨" (AH 978). Rao's name: राउ श्री ऱायधणजी (Rao Shree Rayadhanji) in Devnagari at the bottom. Reverse legend in Urdu: "Ar-reman betaid al-muwid shams ad-duniya waud-din abu-Al-nasir" (Son of the world and defender of the Religion by the help and strength of the merciful). Dagger mint mark at the right bottom side. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type with AH 978 frozen date. Ruler: Rayadhanji I.
Antonio Protti
RIC_580_Domitianus.jpg
RIC 0580 Domitianus9 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VII. Laureate head right
Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her left side
AR/Denarius (19.99 mm 3.139 g 6h) Struck in Rome 88 A.D. (1st Issue)
RIC 580 (C3), RSC 234, BMCRE 119-21, BNF 116
FlaviusDomitianus
vespasianfelpublica.jpg
RIC 0716 Vespasian Dupondius87 viewsIMP CAES VESP AVG P M T P COS V CENS
Radiate head of Vespasian left

FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
Felicitas standing left holding short caduceus & cornucopiae

12.5g, Rome 74 AD

RIC 716 (C2); Sear 2346

Ex-Tater's
1 commentsJay GT4
RIC_789A_Domitianus.jpg
RIC 0789A Domitianus89 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XV, Laureate head right with aegis seen from front
Rev: IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her left side
AR/Denarius (18,46 mm 3.47 g 6h) Struck in Rome 95-96 A.D.
Unpublished variant (aegis) of RIC 789. BMCRE 234, RSC 291
Ex H.D. Rauch Auktion 97 lot 484
3 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC_V_1087_Domitianus.jpg
RIC 1087 Domitianus31 viewsObv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI, Laureate head right
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, Vesta veiled seated left, with Palladium and sceptre
AR/Denarius (17.37 mm 3.443 g 6h) Struck in Rome 79 A.D.
RIC 1087 (C2 Vespasian), RSC 378, BMCRE 262 (Vespasian), BNF 233-234 (Vespasian)
1 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
GIII-Ric081-PMTRPIII.jpg
Ric-081 Gordian III PMTRPIIICOSPP48 viewsIMPGORDIANVSPIVSFELAVG - Radiate, draped, & curaissed bust right
PMTRPIIICOSPP - Gordian on horseback left, raising right hand, carrying scepter.

Third issue, AD 240 Ric-081, Cohen-234
jimwho523
Septimius_Severus_AE45_medallion_of_Acrasus,_Lydia.jpg
Roman Empire / Emperor Septimius Severus AE45 medallion of Acrasus, Lydia.38 viewsSeptimius Severus AE45 medallion of Acrasus, Lydia. 43.5 gr.

AYT KAI L CEP CEOYHROC PER, laureate, draped cuirassed bust
right, countermark of Artemis Ephesia standing facing (Howgego 234.)
EPI CTRA ONHCIPFOROY APOLL TO B AKRACIWTWN (or [2] EPI CTR
FILODHMOY NOYMERIANOY AKRACIWTWN), Biga of stags right
with statue of Artemis Ephesia standing half right with supports.

SNG von Aulock 2883; Hirsch Collection 1571; [2] SNG Cop 6.

Coin is listed at Wildwinds.

From the Sam Mansourati Collection.
Sam
17562q00.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - MAXIMINUS II DAIA41 viewsBronze follis, RIC 234b, EF, 3.297g, 22.7mm, 180o, Siscia mint, 313 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing left, Victory in right, scepter in left, eagle left at feet, A right, SIS in ex1 commentsdpaul7
MAX_II_DAIA_2.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - MAXIMINUS II DAIA21 viewsROMAN EMPIRE - MAXIMINUS II DAIA (309-313) AE Follis. Obv.: Bust right, laureate, draped, curiassed. IMP MAXIMINVS PF AVG. Rev.: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter facing with head left, cloak hanging from left shoulder, holding Victory on globe / leaning on sceptre. SIS in exurge (SIscia mint). Eagle with wreath in field left, DELTA in field right. RIC VI Siscia 234b.dpaul7
moneta 675.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Gordian III, Odessos, AE2665 viewsobv: Facing busts of Gordian III and Serapis
rev: Nike advancing right, holding wreath and palm
Struck 238-244 A.D. at Odessos, Thrace
Note: "Probably AMNG 2344, one spec.; this has obv. legend AYT K M ANT etc. and AVG below busts. AMNG 2343, also one spec., is an obv. variant: begins AYT M ANT only (no K) and no legend below busts." - Curtis Clay
Jericho
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_S_XXIVI_RIC-V-I-244_T-2342_6th-off_8th-iss_Siscia_274-AD_Q-001_6h_22mm_4,60gx-s.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2342, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, S//XXIVI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand, #1287 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2342, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, S//XXIVI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand, #1
avers:- IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Cocordia 1)
exerg: S//XXIVI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,60g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, iss-8, off-6, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-2342 (Estiot), RIC V-I 244,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
CONSTANS_PHOENIX_ON_GLOBE.JPG
Roman Empire, CONSTANS as Augustus. AE3 of Treveri (Trier). Struck A.D.348 - 350.27 viewsObverse: D N CONSTANS P F AVG. Pearl diademed and draped bust of Constans facing right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Phoenix standing facing right on globe; in exergue, TRS•.
RIC VIII : 234 2.9gms

This coin is one of the vast issues struck for several years after a reform of the bronze coinage by Constantius II and Constans in conjunction with the 1100th anniversary of Rome in A.D.348. This reverse type of a phoenix is the general symbol of renewal and rebirth.
*Alex
142.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I AD 306-337 Siscia (SIS)19 viewsObv: IMPCONSTANTINVSPFAVG
Rev: Jupiter Standing Left,
IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN
RIC VI 234C

I like Constantine's Fu Manchu moustache.
Laetvs
Galba_3~0.jpg
Roman Empire, GALBA Denarius, RIC 234, Victory39 viewsOBV: IMPSERGALBACAESARAVGPM - Laureate head right
REV: VICTORIA PR - Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath and palm
3.2g, 18mm

Minted at Rome, Oct-Nov 68 AD
Legatus
P1100908a.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Gallienus, Antoninianus8 viewsAntoninien de Gallienus Diamčtre : 21 mm Poids : 3.6 g
Avers : GALLIENVS AVG (Buste drapé et cuirassé )
Revers : AETERNITATI AVG. Etoile dans le champ ŕ gauche ... Atelier d' Antioche
Date : 263 - 234
RIC 630
Vamp
votxx_mini.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Licinius I20 viewsAes, folles 321 AD
obv. IMP LICI-NIVS AVG,
head laur.
rev. DN LICINI AVGVSTI,
in laurel wreath VOT/XX
exe: S crescent A (Arles)
Ref.: RIC VII 234 Arles
Rarity: C2 (common)
JaniO
Postumus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-POSTVMVS-PF-AVG_VICTORIA-AVG_RIC-V-II-234-p-355_C-386_Lugdunum-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_21-24mm_2,62g-s.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Postumus (260-269 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 234, Lugdunum, VICTORIA-AVG, Victory advancing left,360 views098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 234, Lugdunum, VICTORIA-AVG, Victory advancing left,
avers:- IMP-C-POSTVMVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA-AVG, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm; seated captive to left.
exerg: , diameter: 21-24mm, weight: 2,62g, axes: 5h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 260-269 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-234, p-355, C-386,
Q-001
quadrans
234_tetricus_ges.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tetricus I11 viewsFranz-Josef M
coin48.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, VESPASIAN - brass dupondius - Fides Publica - Lugdunum 77-891 viewsObv: "IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS VIII PP" laur. bust of Vespasian r.
Rev: "FIDES PUBLICA - SC" Fides stg. l., holding patera and cornucopiae.
12.37g - 28mm - s.2347 - RIC 753(b)
Comment
I believe, Lugdunum mint mintmark of a Globe at 5 o'clock position Obv.
I would say cleaned, but with a nicely maturing dark brown cabinet patina. About Fine?
jerseyjohnjames
234_victorinus_ges.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Victorinus14 viewsFranz-Josef M
vi-13G~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Victorinus - SALVS AVG10 views19mm - 3,92g (buste cuirassé)
IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
SALVS AVG
AGK 21c (C5) ; EG 234
gascogne
IMGP0234RomAntcombo.jpg
Roman Empire: Caracalla, 198 - 217 D18 viewsAR denarius, 3,28gr, 19,33mm;
RIC IV-1, 54b, RSC 175, BMCRE 262-3;
mint: Rome; year: 201 AD;
obv: laureate draped bust, right, w/bow and 2 ribbons, short hair, beardless; dotted border 9 -17h; legend: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG;
rev.: trophy w/2 raised shields on exergual line, facing, w/2 sitting Parthian prisoners on each side; legend: PART MAX PONT RP IIII; dotted border 7 - 11h and 12:30 - 17h
Schatz
Screenshot_2019-04-12_14_07_49.png
Roman Imperial, Claudius II Gothicus as Augustus, AE Antoninianus. Added to the Wildwinds site.13 viewsCyzicus 268-270 A.D. 4.12g - 20.3mm, Axis 12h.

Obv: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG - Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right. No dots beneath bust.

Rev: FORTVNA REDUX - Fortuna standing left with rudder and cornucopiae. No Mintmark.

RIC V-I 234.
Christian Scarlioli
39052617_2068148723445429_1929207654761103360_n.jpg
Roman Imperial, Commodus AE As, (175-176 AD)9 viewsRoman Imperial, Commodus AE As, (175-176 AD), 6.6g, 24mm

Overse: COMMODO CAES AVG FIL GERM SARM, Bare-headed, draped bust right.

Reverse: PIETAS AVG, Sacrificial implements: knife, aspergillum, ewer, lituus and simpulum; SC in exergue.

Reference: RIC 1538; Cohen 404 (Struck under Marcus Aurelius); Sear 5561.
Gil-galad
Roman_Imperial_RIC295.jpg
Roman Imperial: Carinus (283-285 CE) BIL Antoninianus, Ticinum (RIC-295; Cohen-24; Sear-12343)17 viewsObv: IMP CARINVS P F AVG; Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front
Rev: FELICIT PVBLICA; Felicitas standing left, resting left arm on column, holding caduceus; TXXI in exergue
SpongeBob
Valentinian_II_RIC-34.jpg
Roman Imperial: Valentinian II (375-392 CE) Ć Follis, Nicomedia (RIC 34; LRBC 2345)13 viewsObv: D N VALENTINIA-NVS IVN P F AVG; diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Valentinian II right
Rev: VRBS ROMA; Roma, helmeted, seated left on cuirass, holding Victory on globe and reversed spear; * in field; SMNB in exergue

Quant.Geek
2swLPa4fR3rXtBG9LA8y6dQzW7ToDj_(2).jpeg
Roman Provincial19 viewsROMAN PROVINCE OF MACEDON, AR silver tetradrachm. Republican period, 167-149 BC, Amphipolis mint. Diademed, draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder, all in the center of a Macedonian shield decorated with seven eight-pointed stars within double crescents, three pellets between each. Reverse - MAKEDONWN PRWTHS, club of Herakles, BTDR in monogram above, TKP and TUS in two monograms below, all within oak wreath, thunderbolt to left. SNG Ashmolean 3299, SNG Fitzwilliam 2342. 30mm, 16.8g.

Ex: Incitatus
1 commentsPaddy
00508q00-630x_.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC - AR Didrachm - Crawford 26/170 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous, 234-231 BCE.
AR Didrachm (6.74g; 20mm).

Obv: Laureate head of Apollo facing right.

Rev: Horse rearing left; ROMA above.

Reference: Crawford 26/1; Sydenham 27.

Provenance: Ex Kuenker (25 Sep 2017) Lot 508; ex Bernhard Terletzkli Collection; ex Dr. Hagen Tronnier Collection; ex Kunker Auction 94 (2004), Lot 1650; ex Auctiones 10 (1979), Lot 303.
4 commentsCarausius
Roman_Republic__Ti_Veturius_AR_Denarius__137_BC__Bust_of_Mars.JPG
Roman Republic / Ti Veturius AR Denarius 137 BC49 viewsObverse : Draped bust of Mars right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; X (mark of value) to left.
Reverse : Oath-taking scene: Youth kneeling left, head right, between two soldiers, each holding spear and sword and touching pig held by youth.
Rome mint. VF / Max Dia 19mm, 3.92 grs
Good Silver / Well struck for issue.
Crawford 234/1; Sydenham 527; Veturia 1.

From the Sam Mansourati Collection


1 commentsSam
Crawford 26-4 half litra cat 02-005.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Anonymous - half litra, Rome, 234-231 BC, 1,43 grammes188 viewshalf litra, Rome, 234-231 BC, 1,43 grammes1 commentsFrans Diederik
Crawford 26-3 litra CAT 02-008.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Anonymous - litra, Rome, 234-231 BC, 2,9 grammes189 viewslitra, Rome, 234-231 BC, 2,9 grammesFrans Diederik
1681141l.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Anonymous, AE Half-Litra - Crawford 26/440 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous. 234-231 BCE.
AE Half Litra (1.58g; 12mm).
Rome Mint.

Obverse: Head of Roma in Phrygian helmet, facing right.

Reverse: Dog prancing toward right; ROMA in exergue.

References: Crawford 26/4; BMCRR (Romano-Campanian) 44-48.

Provenance: Ex NAC 84 (20 May 2015), Lot 765; purchased privately from Or Gestion Numismatique (Paris) in 2009.
1 commentsCarausius
1520914449359429094740.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, D. Silanus, AE As8 viewsRome. The Republic
Decimus Silanus, 91 BCE
AE As (13.46g; 28mm)
Rome Mint.

Obverse: Head of Janus; I (mark of value = 1 As) above.

Reverse: Prow facing right; D SILANVS L F, above.

References: Crawford 337/5; Sydenham 649; BMCRR 1853-8; Junia 23; RBW 1234 (this coin).

Provenance: Ex Roma Auction XI (7 Apr 2016), Lot 590; ex RBW Collection [NAC 63 (2012), Lot 9]; purchased privately from Freeman & Sear 14 Jan 2006.

The moneyer is unknown except for his coins. The As is the only denomination of bronze coin known to have been struck in Silanus’s name. There was a full series of contemporaneous, anonymous bronze coins struck in response to the Lex Papiria. It’s likely that additional bronze coin production was simply not required, and so Silanus focused on silver coin production to defray the costs of the war.

Bronze coins of this era of the Republic often have pronounced casting sprues from the flan production phase of the minting process. This coin has a sprue at 11h obverse, 7h reverse. These are an expected part of the fabric of Roman Republican bronze coins of the Social War era.
Carausius
4875234.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, M. Atilius Saranus, AR Denarius - Crawford 214/1b22 viewsRome, The Republic.
M. Atilius Saranus, 148 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.95g; 20mm).
Rome mint.

Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma facing right; SARAN behind; X (mark-of-value = 10 asses) before.

Rev: Dioscuri galloping right with couched spears; M·ATILI, below; ROMA in linear frame in exergue.

References: Crawford 214/1b; Sydenham 398; BMCRR 679-682; Atilia 9.

Provenance: Ex Varesi (4 Jul 2018), Lot 142.

This is one of the first denarii to include the moneyer’s praenomen, nomen and cognomen, an important development in the evolution of the coinage as a means of advertising young politicians. The obverse mark-of-value is moved from behind Roma’s head to under her chin to make room for the cognomen.
1 commentsCarausius
MOD_up_to_1899-_Russia_wire_money-3.jpg
Russia, "Wire Money" - NOVODEL3 viewsKopeck

Sold as a "NOVODEL"

Pre-Peter the Great

Sold 1/8/2015 in Heritage Auction # 231502 Lot # 62341

Cost $141 + S&H
Richard M10
Zangids-L.JPG
Saladin, AE Dirham68 viewsEl-Melik el-Nasýr Yusuf bin Eyub (Saladin)
AE Dirham, Minted in Al-Jazira, 1184 AD

Obverse: ﻯﺯﺎﻏﻦﺑ ﻩﺎﺷﺮﺠﻨﺳﺮﻔﻈﻤﻟﺍﻚﻠﻤﻟﺍ (El-Melik el-Muzaffer Sencerţah bin Gazi), Bust facing quarter left:winged Nikes flying above

Reverse: ﻦﻴﻨﻣﺆﻤﻟﺍﺮﻴﻣﺍﻪﻠﻟﺍ ﻦﻳﺪﻟﺮﺻﺎﻨﻟﺍ /ﺏﻮﻳﺍ ﻦﺑ ﻒﺳﻮﻳﺮﺻﺎﻨﻟﺍ ﻚﻠﻤﻟﺍ /ﺔﺋﺎﻤﺴﻤﺧﻭ ﻦﻴﻧﺎﻤﺛﻭ ﻊﺑﺭﺍ ﺔﻨﺳ ( El-Nasýr lidinillah emir'ül müminin / El-Melik el-Nasýr Yusuf bin Eyub / Sene 58x)

Steve Album, Checklist of Islamic coins A1882 (Scarce)

29mm , 13.4gm




Jerome Holderman
Salvs_Pvblica_Cldc,_19_234g,_12h_red.jpg
SALVS PVBLICA Cldc38 viewsObverse: [IMP CAES M AVR] SEV ALEX[ANDER AVG]
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: [SA]LVS PVBLICA SC in exergue
Salus draped seated left on throne, feeding from patera in right hand, snake coiling up from altar, resting left arm , elbow bent, on side of throne
BMC 83 (front portrait), RIC 608
Weight, 19.234g; die axis, 12h
1 commentsmix_val
sarbadars_-_amir_wali_780.jpg
SARBADARS - Amir Wali45 viewsSARBADARS - Amir Wali (AD 1356-1386) AR 6 Dirhams, Astarabad mint. Type D. Dated AH 780 (AD 1378). Reference: ALbum #2343.1; as SICA-9, 144 but without extra waw in reverse legend. On obverse: Shiite kalima.
Thanks to NEMO and earnest940 for their help!
dpaul7
saxony_friedrich_ii.jpg
SAXE-MEISSEN - Friedrich II & Margarethe54 viewsSAXE-MEISSEN - Friedrich II & Margarethe AR Schwertgroschen, no date (Coin issued 1463-1464) 27 mm. Obv.: Rampant lion left holding shield. GROSSUS MARCI RISNENSIS M Rev.: + F . DEI . GRACIA TVRINGE LANG Floral cross in quatra-lobe. Crossed swords in shield in legend. Colditz mint. Reference: Saurma 2344.dpaul7
9789446554_5234f73201_o.jpg
sb 2062 Isaac II15 viewsSégusiaves
Sear_2179.jpg
Sear 217920 viewsManuel Comnenus–Ducas (1230 – 1237 CE) Billon aspron trachy, weight 0.71g, diameter 20mm, clipped. Mint of Thessalonica, struck 1234-37 CE. This is Hendy’s “Type C” billon trachy, corresponding to CLBC 13.5.1Abu Galyon
HclsDO234.jpg
Sear 872 - Half Follis - 610-641 AD - Carthage mint21 viewsEmperor: Heraclius (r. 610-641 AD)
Date: 610-641 AD
Condition: Fine/VF
Denomination: Half Follis

Obverse: -
Bust of Heraclius, beardless, wearing cuirass and crown with pendilia, cross, and trefoil ornament. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; Above, cross; To left, star; To right, .
Exergue:

Carthage mint
DO 234; Sear 872
5.75g; 20.3mm; 165°
Pep
Seleucid3.jpg
Seleucid - Alexander II Zabinas (128-123 BCE)7 viewsMetal/Size: AE21; Weight: 8.03 grams; Denomination: Bronze Unit; Mint: Seleucia-on-the-Tigris; Date: 128-123 BCE; Obverse: Radiate and diademed head right, beads to right. Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕ[ΩΣ] ΑΛΕΞΑΝ∆[ΡΟΥ] (King Alexander); double cornucopia, A and caduceus to left, Π to right
References: HGC 9, p. 234, #1164; Sear #7127.
museumguy
selalexiiOR.jpg
Seleucid, Alexander II Zabinas, SNG Spaer 2341-251 viewsSeleucid, Antioch mint, Alexander II Zabinas, Series 5, struck circa 125-122 B.C. AE, 22mm 9.84g, SC 2237.1b SNG Spaer 2341-2
O: Radiate and diademed head right
R: Double cornucopia; A-Π flanking, club to lower left
1 commentscasata137ec
SC-2237_1b.jpg
Seleukid Empire: Alexander II Zebinas (128-122 BCE) Ć Unit, Antioch (SC 2237.1b; SNG Spaer 2343-4; Bab 1309)18 viewsObv: Radiate and diademed head of Alexander Zebinas right; dotted border
Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ - ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ; Titles vertically downwards to right and left of vertical parallel twin cornucopiae with bunch of grapes and long filet; A - Π in inner fields, star to lower left
Quant.Geek
SELJUK_OF_RUM_MASAUD_II.jpg
SELJUKS OF RUM - Mas'aud II36 viewsSELJUKS OF RUM - Mas'aud II (1282-11307 - 4 reigns) AR Dirham. Flatly struck. Size: 24 mm. A-1234.dpaul7
Septimius_Severus_Homonoia_and_Altar.JPG
Septimius Severus Homonoia over Altar18 viewsSeptimius Severus, AE28, 13.2g, Philippolis, after 205 AD, MĘTRO PhILLIPOPOLLEÔS. 
OBV: ?, Laureate draped cuirassed bust right
REV: MĘTRO PhILLIPOPOLLEÔS, Homonoia facing left holding ?? Over lighted alter, cornucopaie in left arm .
Varbanov III - 1234

Vary Rare 1 specimen noted in Varbanov
Romanorvm
5266_5267.jpg
Septimius Severus, Denarius, PM TR P XIII COS III PP27 viewsAR Denarius
Septimius Severus
Augustus: 193 - 211AD
Issued: 205AD
18.5mm 3.70gr
O: SEVERVS PIVS AVG; Laureate head, right.
R: PM TR P XIII COS III PP; Roma standing left, holding Victory and spear.
Rome Mint
RIC 197; RSC 470-1; BMC 474; Sear 6337.
Aorta: B3, O81, R250. No listing for a reverse type of this nature in Aorta.
xago 332346686468
9/3/17 9/9/17
1 commentsNicholas Z
4536_(1)_4537_(1).jpg
Septimius Severus, Denarius, PM TR P XV COS III PP21 viewsAR Denarius
Septimius Severus
Augustus: 193 - 211AD
Issued: 207AD
18.0mm 3.0gr
O: SEVERVS PIVS AVG; Laureate head, right.
R: PM TR P XV COS III PP; Victory, standing right, foot on globe, inscribing shield set on palm tree.
Rome Mint
RIC 211; RSC 489; Sear 5 #6340; BMC 534.
Aorta: 813: B3, O81, R255, T241, M4.
sjbcoins 162504523476
5/14/17 5/24/17
Nicholas Z
Septimius_Severus_RIC_234~0.JPG
Septimius Severus, RIC 23426 viewsSEVERVS PIVS AVG
PM TR P XVIII COS III PP
AR DENARIUS, 21mm, 3.26g
Laureate bust right
Neptune standing left, holding trident, with foot on globe
Rome mint 210 AD
novacystis
31805C1B-E8DE-42F9-8E16-17480E356302.jpg
Sestertius of Vespasian/Roma, 69-79 AD13 views33mm. Possibly sestertius of Vespasian, IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III Laureate head of Vespasian to right. Rev. ROMA / S - C Roma, helmeted, standing left, holding Victory facing right in her right hand and spear in her left. See https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=2344147 for reference.Celticaire
sevalex3.jpg
SEVERUS ALEXANDER24 viewsAR denarius. 234 AD. 3.17 gr. Laureate and draped bust right IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG. / Sol standing left, right hand raised, holding whip in left hand. P M TR P XIII COS III P P. RIC IV 123. RSC 448
Ex Rudolf Berk Collection.
1 commentsbenito
00sevalexsol.jpg
SEVERUS ALEXANDER66 viewsAR denarius. 234 AD. 3.17 gr. Laureate and draped bust right IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG. / Sol standing left, right hand raised, holding whip in left hand. P M TR P XIII COS III P P. RIC IV 123. RSC 448
1 commentsbenito
00728.jpg
Severus Alexander (RIC 540d, Coin #728)8 viewsRIC 540d (C), Orichalcum Sestertius, Rome, 234 AD.
OBV: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG; Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
REV: P M TR P XIII COS III P P S C; Sol Advancing left, nude, chlamys over shoulder
and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left hand.
SIZE: 30.3mm, 19.84g
MaynardGee
Alexander_Severus_Denarius.jpg
Severus Alexander Denarius. 234 AD. 40 viewsIMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate, draped bust right / P M TR P XIII COS III P P, Sol advancing left raising hand and holding whip. RSC 448. RIC 123. sear5 #7916
20mm.,2,72g _4304 SOLD
Antonivs Protti
SevAlexXIII.jpg
Severus Alexander TR P XIII36 viewsSeverus Alexander Silver denarius, Rome mint, 234 A.D.;
O: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: P M TR P XIII COS III P P, Sol standing left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left;
RIC IV 123, Cohen IV 448. Multicolored toning that is quite pleasant in hand.
1 commentsNemonater
Severus Alexander, Provedentia Avg2345.jpg
Severus Alexander- Denarius- Providentia Avg319 viewsRome Mint

obv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, bust laureate rt., with some draper on left shoulder.
rev: PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia sacrificing at altar, cornucopia in arm

RIC 250a, Cohen 501, RSC 501, VM 54/1
VF

Great coin!
3 commentswolfgang336
Pompey_Sear234.jpg
Sextus Pompey - As - Sear Imperators 2349 viewsObv: Laureate head of Janus, altar between, MAGNVS above, PIVS IMP F below
Rev: Prow of galley right, EPPIVS above, LEG below
Weight: 16,92 g
Mint: Spanish mint
Date: 45-44 BC
Ref: RPC 487, Sear Imperators 234, Crawford 478/1a
vs1969
MACW-1586.jpg
Shahi Kings of Kabul and Ghandara: Sri Samanta Deva (ca. 850-1000 CE) AR Jital (Deyell-45, Tye-14, MACW-1586, Album-A1402)53 viewsObv: Horseman riding right holding banner; Bhi ashara above left, Unknown symbol above right, degraded cursive title in front
Rev: Nandi recumbent left, Tamgha on hindquarters; श्री समानता देवा (Sri Samanta Deva in Nagari script) above
1 commentsSpongeBob
Tye-3.jpg
Shahi Kings of Kabul and Ghandara: Sri Spalapati Deva (750-900 CE) AR Jital (Tye-3; Deyell-17)34 viewsObv: Bull Nandi recumbent left, wearing plain jhula (saddlecloth), trisula (trident) tamgha on hindquarters, श्री स्पलापति देवा (Sri Spalapati Deva) in Nagari script above
Rev: Horseman riding right holding banner, flowing to left, Bactrian legend in arc in front (sri spalabad or sbolobodi) per Deyell, or corrupt Brahmi (shahi deva) per Tye.
SpongeBob
Tye-6.jpg
Shahi Kings of Kabul and Ghandara: Sri Spalapati Deva (ca. 750-900 CE) AR Jital (Tye-6; Deyell-25)36 viewsObv: Bull Nandi recumbent left, wearing plain jhula (saddlecloth), trisula (trident) tamgha on hindquarters, श्री स्पलापति देवा (Sri Spalapati Deva) in Nagari script above
Rev: Horseman riding right holding banner, "ka" akshara left, corrupt symbols right
SpongeBob
Mitchiner-723.jpg
Shailendra Dynasty, Java: Anonymous (ca. 7th-10th centuries) AV Massa (Mitchiner-723; Wicks-100)16 viewsObv: Nagari त (ta)
Rev: incuse lingam
Quant.Geek
Hanuman_gambling_token_Siam_panorama.jpg
Siam, AE Gambling Token: 1760-1821 AD47 viewsSiam, AE Gambling Token: 1760-1821 AD . AE bronze pee, gambling token. 13.8g, 24.7mm; Obverse: Hanuman right, facing up: Reverse: Hanuman left, facing up.

Early gambling tokens were made from bronze, brass and tin. Later porcelain tokens were produced; they were used in commercial transactions as well, and became in effect legal tender. In 1875 AD, the government prohibited their use for commercial purposes.

Hanuman, the mighty ape that aided Lord Rama in his expedition against evil forces, is one of the most popular idols in the Hindu pantheon. Believed to be an avatar of Lord Shiva, Hanuman is worshipped as a symbol of physical strength, perseverance and devotion.

Hanuman's tale in the epic Ramayana — wherein he is assigned the responsibility to locate Rama's wife Sita abducted by Ravana, the demon king of Lanka — is known for its astounding ability to inspire and equip a reader with all the ingredients needed to face ordeals and conquer obstructions in the way of the world.

The character of Hanuman teaches us of the unlimited power that lies unused within each one of us. Hanuman directed all his energies towards the worship of Lord Rama, and his undying devotion made him such that he became free from all physical fatigue. And Hanuman's only desire was to go on serving Rama. Hanuman perfectly exemplifies "Dasyabhava" devotion — one of the nine types of devotions — that bonds the master and the servant. His greatness lies in his complete merger with his Lord, which also formed the base of his genial qualities.
(http://hinduism.about.com/library/weekly/aa052801a.htm)

There have been numerous saints who have claimed to see Hanuman in modern times, notably Madhvacharya ( 13 Century A.D )Tulsidas (16th century), Sri Ramdas Swami (17th century), Raghavendra Swami (17th century)and Sri Sathya Sai Baba (20th century).

Others have also asserted his presence wherever the Ramayana is read: (in Sanskrit, not transliterated)

यत्र यत्र रघुनाथ कीर्तनम् तत्र तत्र क्रित मस्तक अन्जलिं बष्पावरी परीपूर्ण लोचनम् मारुतिं नमश्च राक्षस अंतकम्।

Yatra Yatra Raghunath Kirtanam Tatra Tatra Krita Mastaka anjalim Bashpawari Pari purna lochanam Marutim nammascha rakshas antakam

Which means:

That wherever the deeds of Sri Rama are sung, At all such places does Hanuman cry tears of devotion and joy, At all such places does his presence remove the fear of demons.

This can be found in many other texts like vinay patrika, by Tulsidas, Mahabharta, by Ved Vyasa, Anand Ramayan and many others with slight variations in language/sentences. Even the places where holy function of Ramayanpath is taking place, there is a special puja and space or asan reserved for Hanuman.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanuman)
1 commentsCleisthenes
18301654_10155266176712232_8306220606234207023_n.jpg
SICILY, Segesta10 viewsSICILY, Segesta. Circa 390-380 BC. Ć Head of Aigiste right / Hound leaping right. Bérend, Monnayage, Group E, 49bis; CNS 48; cf. HGC 2, 1200. Very rare.ecoli
SICILY,_Syracuse__Agathokles.jpg
SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles.63 viewsSICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles . 317-289 BC. Ć Litra (9.04 gm. Max Dia 22 mm ). Period 4, circa 295 BC. SWTEIRA, head of Artemis right, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace, quiver over shoulder / AGAQOKLEOS above, BASILEOS below; winged thunderbolt. SNG ANS 708ff; Calciati II pg. 277, 142; SNG Copenhagen 779; SNG Morcom 754ff; Favorito 34; Laffaille 233-234; Virzi 1687ff. Good VF, gorgeous bluish green patina.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
6 commentsSam
sik1.jpg
Sikyon. 2nd to 1st Century BC.90 viewsApollo head rt.
Dove flying left.
BMC 234 ff.
exBCD collection.
Dino
Siscia_234_Delta.jpg
Sis 234 Delta8 views19mm, 2.34g, 1 O'clockagord
1-FD1497.jpg
South Sung Dynasty42 viewsScarce S. Sung Dynasty 5-cash Tuan-ping TP, FD-1497
This scarce large Tuan-ping Tung-pao was issued in China Southern Sung Dynasty from AD 1234 to 1236.

Diameter: about 36.5 mm. Valued at 5 cash. It is Fisher's Ding #1497. It is also a variety of Schjoth #983 and David Jen #361 with a shorter character pao and longer character ping comparing with FD-1498.
ecoli
trajan4.jpg
STATUE, TRAJAN140 viewsAR denarius. 101-102 AD. 3.28 gr. 6h. Laureate head right . IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM. / Statue of Hercules standing facing, draped in lion skin, holding club and apple. P M TR P COS IIII P P. RIC II 49. RSC 234.
This statue has been identified as being part of the Ara Maxima Herculis Invicti, an altar dedicated to Hercules near the Forum Boarium in Rome. See Hill, The Monuments of Ancient Rome as Coin Types, p. 86.

1 commentsbenito
Constans_phoeni-globe_TR.JPG
Struck A.D.348 - 350. CONSTANS as Augustus. AE3 of Treveri (Trier)6 viewsObverse: D N CONSTANS P F AVG. Pearl diademed and draped bust of Constans facing right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Phoenix standing facing right on globe; in exergue, TRS•.
Weight: 2.9gms
RIC VIII : 234

This coin is one of the vast issues struck for several years after a reform of the bronze coinage by Constantius II and Constans in conjunction with the 1100th anniversary of Rome in A.D.348. This reverse type of a phoenix is the general symbol of renewal and rebirth.
*Alex
399846_508558629181053_1849344234_n.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily, Dionysos I, 405 - 367 B.C.41 viewsBronze litra, Calciati vol. II, p. 89, 45, gF, 8.415g, 20.3mm, 0o, Syracuse mint, 405 - 367 B.C.; obverse SURA, head of Athena left wearing olive wreathed Corinthian helmet; reverse hippocamp left with bridles

"Dionysius I was tyrant of Syracuse. He conquered several cities in Sicily and southern Italy, opposed Carthage's influence in Sicily and made Syracuse the most powerful of the Western Greek colonies. He was regarded by the ancients as an example of the worst kind of despot - cruel, suspicious and vindictive."
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Chrysoroas.jpg
Syria, Coele-Syria, Leucas ad Chrysoroas. Septimius Severus AE21.36 viewsObv: AVT KAI ...... / Laureate bust r.
Rev: LîUKADIwN / Emperor in quadriga r., above date DLC, 234 of the local era.
Also called Balanea-Claudia Leucas.
ancientone
6176733678_39c532c749_z.jpg
T 005, Shahi, Sri Spalapati Deva55 viewsस्री स्पलापति देव over reclining bull
Horseman carrying a banner, flag, lance?
2 commentscrawforde
6176733910_1dc4a7d572_b.jpg
T 014, Shahi, Sri Samanta Deva39 viewsश्री समंत दव , Sri Samanta Deva,(feudatory chief) over bull
Horseman right
Kabul
1 commentscrawforde
6176734124_018ac65b9c_b.jpg
T 014.00127 viewsश्री समंत दव , Sri Samanta Deva,(feudatory chief) over bull
Horseman right
Kabul
1 commentscrawforde
Veturius.jpg
T.Veturius - Denarius - Crawford 234/15 viewsObv: Helmeted head of Roma right, TI VET and X behind
Rev: Youth kneeling between soldiers who touch swords to a pig which he holds, ROMA above
Size: 18 mm
Weight: 3,56 g
Date: 137 BC
Ref: Crawford 234/1, Sear 111, Sydenham 527, Veturia 1
vs1969
_#22823;_#23433;_#20803;_#23542;.jpg
TA-AN YUAN-PAO21 viewsLIAO DYNASTY, AD 907-1125
reign title: TA-AN, AD 1085-1094
Bronze 1 cash
24.2mm, 3.5g
S1070
Samson L2
Tang_AE_Kai_Yuan_Tong_Bao.jpg
Tang Dynasty Kai Yuan Tong Bao11 viewsAE 开元通宝 (kai.yuan.tong.bao)
China, Tang Dynasty, 618-907 CE
Diameter: 25 mm Weight: 3.47 grams

Obverse: The Hanzi 开元通宝 (the inaugural currency), arranged top to bottom, then right to left. Raised rim and centre square hole with border. Small hook on final stroke of yuan.

Reverse: Blank, raised rim and raised border around square hole.

Cast: Uncertain.

Notes:
- This coin belongs to the first issue of Kai Yuan, dating between 621 and 718 CE. They are also known as Wu De Kai Yuan, WuDe (武德) being the period title of the emperor Gao Zu.
- Hartill 14.1

Ex Bob Reiss 2013
Pharsalos
Tang_AE_Qian_Yuan_Zhong_Bao.jpg
Tang Dynasty Qian Yuan Zhong Bao12 viewsAE 乾元重宝 (qian.yuan.zhong.bao)
China, Tang Dynasty, 618-907 CE
Diameter: 24 mm Weight: 3.50 grams

Obverse: The Hanzi 乾元重宝 (Qian Yuan (period title) heavy cash), arranged top to bottom, then right to left. Raised rim and centre square hole with border. Small hook on final stroke of yuan.

Reverse: Crescent below hole, raised rim and raised border around square hole.

Cast: Uncertain.

Notes:
- These heavy cash coins were originally issued at around 5 grams but to be worth ten coins. Then an even heavier coin was issued to be worth 50 coins. Counterfeiting was rife, and they were eventually devalued to 1 cash. This coin belongs to that later period and was issued between 759 and 762 CE during the reign of Su Zong. The weight is exactly in line with normal kai yuan tong bao.
- Hartill 14.116

Ex Bob Reiss 2015
Pharsalos
IMG_0451.JPG
Tetricus I, mid 271 - Spring 274 A.D. AE17mm.3.1grm.8 viewsTetricus I, mid 271 - Spring 274 A.D.
Obv. IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG (or similar), radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev. FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, flanked by standards, one in each hand.
Ref. RIC V 68, Cohen VI 37, SRCV III 11234, Hunter IV - (p. ci)
Ex. Forvm Ancient Coins.
Lee S
Thasos_Tet1.jpg
Thasos tetradrachm imitation, Eastern Celts25 views2nd - 1st cent.
31 mm, 15.91 g
obv: head of Dionysos wearing ivy wreath right
rev: HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ / ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing facing, head left, holding club and lion skin

(Göbl OTA cf. Pl. 46, 2)
ex Münzen & Medaillen Deutschland GmbH, Auctions #3 (1998), Lot 293 and #38, Lot 234 (05.06.2013)
1 commentsareich
12_Caesars.jpg
THE TWELVE CAESARS110 viewsFirst Row
(Click on an Emperor's name to see the full description of the coin)
1: Julius Caesar
2: Augustus
3: Tiberius
4: Caligula

Second Row
(Click on an Emperor's name to see the full description of the coin)
5: Claudius
6: Nero
7: Galba
8: Otho

Third Row
(Click on an Emperor's name to see the full description of the coin)
9: Vitellius
10: Vespasian
11: Titus
12: Domitian
8 commentsSPQR Matt
theodosiusII_const_234.jpg
Theodosius II RIC X, 234132 viewsTheodosius II 402-450, son of Arcadius
AV - Solidus, 4.39g, 21mm
Constantinopolis Jan. - Oct. 425
obv. DN THEODOSI - VS PF AVG
cuirassed bust, laureate, helmeted and pearl-diademed
head 3/4 r., with spear across r. shoulder and shield with
horseman spearing enemy at l. shoulder
rev. SALVS REI - PVB - LICAE (var. B)
Theodosius II, left, sitting frontal, l. foot on footstool, and
Valentinianus III, right, smaller, standing frontal, both in
consular robe, holding mappa in r. and long cross in l. hand; above and between them a star
exergue: CONOB
RIC X, 234
Rare; good VF
added to www.wildwinds.com

MAPPA, a roll of cloth, formerly dropped down as start of the races in the Circus. In the late Empire a regular attribute of the consuls in art.
1 commentsJochen
Thessalian_drachm.jpg
Thessalian League81 views196-146 B.C.
Silver Drachm
4.15 gm, 18.5 mm
Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right, ΓAYANA (magistrate) behind
Rev: Athena Itonia standing right, with shield and about to hurl spear, ΘEΣΣA - ΛΩN to sides, bunch of grapes on vine right, Π-O / Λ-Y (magistrate) across lower fields
Sear 2234 var.; BMC Thessaly p.4, 36-37; (SNG Cop 300)
5 commentsJaimelai
Julia_Mamaea_01.jpg
Thrace, Deultum, Julia Mamaea, Artemis25 viewsJulia Mamaea (222-235).
Thrace, Deultum
Obv: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, Diademed and draped bust right.
Rev: COL FL PAC DEVLT, Artemis advancing right, holding bow and drawing arrow from quiver; at feet, hound advancing right.
AE, 8.95g, 23.7mm
Ref.: Varbanov 2341
1 commentsshanxi
deultum_diadumenian_Varbanov2234.jpg
Thracia, Deultum, Diadumenian, Varbanov 223418 viewsDiadumenian, AD 217-218
AE 19, 3.88g, 18.64mm
obv. M OPEL ANTONI - NVS DIADV C
Bust, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r.
rev. P-C-F-D
Marsyas, nude, tip-toed dancing r., wine-skin over l. shoulder, r. hand raised in greeting attitude
ref. Varbanov (engl.) 2234 (PC, K. Atanasov)
rare, about VF/F+, light green patina

Varbanov writes 'draped' in error. Here the bust has shoulder-flaps and is draped and cuirassed. And so is the pic in Varbanov.
Jochen
lot555.jpg
TI VETURIUS26 viewsAR denarius. 137 BC. 3,91 grs. Helmeted and draped bust of Mars righ. Behind, denomination mark X and TI•VET (ligate) downwards / Two soldiers face each other, one bearded and without armour, one bearded and in armour. Each holds a spear in left hand and with sword in right hand touches pig held by figure kneeling between them. Above, ROMA.
Cr. 234/1. RSC Veturia 1
Roma Numismatics XI. Lot 555.
benito
lot555~0.jpg
TI VETURIUS21 viewsAR denarius. 137 BC. 3,91 grs. Helmeted and draped bust of Mars righ. Behind, denomination mark X and TI•VET (ligate) downwards / Two soldiers face each other, one bearded and without armour, one bearded and in armour. Each holds a spear in left hand and with sword in right hand touches pig held by figure kneeling between them. Above, ROMA.
Cr. 234/1. RSC Veturia 1
Roma Numismatics XI. Lot 555.
benito
Ti_Veturius.jpg
Ti. Veturius - AR denarius14 viewsRome
˛139 BC
ą137 BC
head of Mars right wearing winged and crested helmet
TI·(VET)
X
Oath-taking scene*, two standing warriors holding spears and facing attendant kneeling in center, holding sacrificial pig.
ROMA
ąSRCV 111, Crawford 234/1, Sydenham 527, RSC I Veturia 1
˛Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
3,9g
ex Aurea

This type revived the reverse of gold coinage issued in 217 - 216 B.C. and broke the 75-year tradition of Roma obverses with Dioscuri or chariot reverses on denarii.

*Oath-taking scene most probably refer to the peace treaty between Romans and Campanians, concluded by T. Veturius Calvinus in 334 BC, which granted Campanians citizenship. Other interpretations are truce with Samnites made by moneyer's ancestor, consul T. Veturius Calvinus after the battle of the Caudine Forks in the second Samnite war where Romans were ingloriously defeated; mythical conclusion of the agreement between king Latinus and Aeneas or Titus Tatis and Romulus, oath-taking of representatives of Alba Longa and Romans before the battle between Horatii and Curatii.
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Veturia_Ti_Veturius_Cr234.jpg
Ti. Veturius - denarius 46 viewsTi. Veturius. 137 BC. AR Denarius, 3.85 g; obv. Helmeted bust of Mars right, X and TI. VET behind; rev. ROMA, youth kneeling between two soldiers, holding pig, upon which the soldiers are swearing. Crawford 234/1; Syd. 527.

Notes: ex H.D. Rauch Auction.
1 commentsBartosz A
_#23450;_#24179;_#19968;_#30334;.jpg
TING-P'ING YI-PAI37 viewsMinor Han Dynasty - Epoch of Three Kingdoms,
Bronze value 100,
235-263 AD minted
On the reverse side of the coin, "Six" on top and "Ten" at the bottom, meaning "Sixty"
16.2mm, 0.9g
S-206-7 (?)
Samson L2
Tiribazos-obol1.jpg
Tiribazos obol49 viewsCilicia, Tiribazos second time as karanos unique, 386-380 BC, Obol, 0.72g
Balltars standing left
Head of Ahuramazda right
Ref SNG Levante 216; SNG Paris 234; SNG von Aulock 5415, rare type
Caffaro
titustet.jpg
Titus (79 - 81 A.D.)45 viewsEgypt, Alexandria
Billon Tetradrachm
O: AVTOK TITOV KAIΣ OYEΣΠAΣIANOY ΣEBA, laureate head right.
R:  [NIΛOΣ], bust of Nilus with lotus flower, star behind LΓ=year 3 (80/81 A.D.).
24mm
11.4g
RPC.2470,  Dattari 425, Emmett 234.3

Very Rare

Published on Wildwinds.
5 commentsMat
00trajan4~0.jpg
TRAJAN38 viewsAR denarius. 101-102 AD. 3.28 gr. 6h. Laureate head right . IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM. / Statue of Hercules standing facing, draped in lion skin, holding club and apple. P M TR P COS IIII P P. RIC II 49. RSC 234.
CNG 30 , Lot 33. NAC 4 , lot 353.
benito
trajan4~0.jpg
TRAJAN15 viewsAR denarius. 101-102 AD. 3.28 gr. 6h. Laureate head right . IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM. / Statue of Hercules standing facing, draped in lion skin, holding club and apple. P M TR P COS IIII P P. RIC II 49. RSC 234.
CNG 30 , Lot 33. NAC 4 , lot 353.

benito
Trajan_RIC49_PanoramaBlack.jpg
Trajan RIC 049; Woytek 100a51 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. Ar Denarius. (3.15g, 18mm) Obv: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, Laureate head right. Rev: PM TR P COS IIII P P, Hercules, nude, standing facing on pedestal with club, apple and lion skin.
Woytek 100a; RIC 49; RSC 234

Ex. Roma Numismatics

Iridescent toning.
1 commentsPaddy
TrajanRed1234.jpg
Trajan RIC 220; Woytek 190c30 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 103-107 AD. (2.62g; 17.90mm) Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, Laureate bust right, aegis on far shoulder. Rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Dacia seated right at foot of trophy.
Woytek 190c; RIC 220; RSC 537

Ex: Incitatus Coins, Vcoins
1 commentsPaddy
20170504_112234.jpg
Trajan. EGYPT, Alexandria. . AD 98-117. Ć Dichalkon. Dated RY 17 (AD 113/4). 16 viewsObv. Laureate head right.
Rev. Hem-hem crown; [L] I Z (date) below.
References: Köln 643-4; Dattari (Savio) 7221; K&G 27.574; Emmett 707 . Rare.
Stuck on a square Flan.
12X13mm, 1.28 grams
Canaan
39012892_2347575795506073_8690922072131502080_n.jpg
Tranquillina, AE21 of Sardes, Lydia, (241-244 AD)10 viewsRoman Provincial, Tranquillina, AE21 of Sardes, Lydia, (241-244 AD)

ΦOYΡ TΡANKYΛΛEINA CA, Draped bust right.

CAΡΔIANΩN B NEΩKOΡΩN, Demeter or Kore standing left, holding three grain-ears and long torch.

Leypold I, 1237; SNG Munich 541; RPC VII 242.2.12
Gil-galad
P234057.bmp
Trebonianus gallus Ros-178 AE2450 viewsObv:bust r,laur wearing paludamentum and cuirass
IMPCCVIBGALLVSPFAVG
Rev:two eagles addorsed flanking vexillum,wreaths in the eagle's beak
COLPFAVGFC CAESMETPRSP
ex:AI
AE24
amibosam
_#31471;_#24179;_#36890;_#23542;.jpg
TUAN-P'ING T'UNG-PAO25 viewsSouthern Sung Dynasty
Reign title: TUAN-P'ING, AD 1234-1236
35.5mm, 14.1g
Samson L2
Severina_Concordiae_Militvm_Large.jpg
Ulpia Severina - A Coin of an Interregnum?10 viewsUlpia Severina, Augusta (274 AD), wife of Aurelian
Obv: SEVERINA AVG; Bust of Severina, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent, facing right.
Rev: CONCORDIAE MILITVM; Concordia standing left, facing left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, VI in left field, XXI in exergue.
Denomination: billion antoninianus; Mint: Antioch; Officina: 6th; Issue: 6; Date: early 275 to September 275 AD; Weight: 3.77g; Diameter: 23.3mm; Die axis: 180ş; References, for example: RIC V v.1 20; MER - RIC 3198.

Notes:

Is this a coin of an interregnum?
That there was an interregnum, in the literal meaning of the word, between the murder of Aurelian and the Senatorial appointment of Tacitus as emperor is undisputed. What is disputed, however, is the length of the interregnum as well as its meaningfulness, i.e. for whatever period of interregnum that did exist, did Severina or the Senate actually rule the empire and thereby make decisions that engendered consequences and/or directed actions? This coin type (although not the only coin type) has played a part in the interregnum story. In Aurelian and the Third Century (London and New York: Routledge, 1999) Alaric Watson dedicates seven and a half pages (pp. 109 - 116) to discussing the interregnum, where he vociferously argues that there was no meaningful interregnum. As part of this discussion he references, on p. 115, this particular coin type and in footnote 66 he cites a number of sources that assign this type in the name of Severina to the period after Aurelian’s death. For example:
Percy Webb in RIC, vol. V, part 1 (1927), pp. 4, 35, and 253 does not take a stance on the possible length of the interregnum, but on p. 253 he states that if the interregnum lasted eight months, then the mints certainly could not have been closed and so “...it is necessary to find coins representing their output.”1 This coin type, dedicated to Concordia and in the name of Severina alone, might represent that output. In “The Imperial Recovery” (chapter nine of The Cambridge Ancient History, vol. XII, The Imperial Crisis and Recovery AD 193 - 324. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1939) Harold Mattingly acknowledges that although the length of the interregnum is in debate “... the coinage shows clearly that for some considerable period government was carried on in the name of the Empress Severina for the the dead Aurelian.” (p. 310). In all officina for several mints the coinage of Severina, such as the “Concordia Militum” type “...bear witness to the conditions of the interregnum.” (p. 310). In “The Reform of Aurelian” (Revue Numismatique, 6th series, vol. 7, 1965: 225 - 235) R. A. G. Carson mentions on pp. 233 and 234 that Severina’s Concordia Militum type is for Severina alone, and that as such it was minted after the death of Aurelian (p. 233). Carson is not concerned with the question of an interregnum, but his placement of this coin type for Severina alone after Aurelian’s death allows this coin type to be taken as evidence of an interregnum. Eugen Cizek in L’Empereur Aurélien Et Son Temps (Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1994) also refers to this coin type (not by specific legend, but by reference to “concord with the soldiers”) when discussing the interregnum. He notes that other scholars assign this coinage to the interregnum, a position that he appears to adopt. In Repostiglio della Venčra Nuovo Catalogo Illustrato Aureliano II/I (Rome: L'Erma di Bretschneider, 1995) Sylviane Estiot also assigns this coin type to the period after Aurelian’s death.2

But what of the coin here, this coin actually attributed to the 6th officina, mint of Antioch, 6th issue? Estiot attributes this coin not to an interregnal period between Aurelian and Tacitus, when Severina might have ruled in her own right. Rather, on p. 90 of “Aureliana” (Revue Numismatique, 6th series, vo. 150, 1995: 50 - 94) Estiot attributes this coin, because of exact parallelisms to Aurelian’s coinage at Antioch at this time, to a period of joint coinage between Aurelian and Severina.3

Footnotes:

1He actually allows for the possibility of coinage even if the interregnum was short. See footnote 1, p. 253.
2I assume this to be the case. Although I have no reason to doubt Watson’s citation I was unable to verify it because I am unable to obtain a copy of this book by Estiot.
3Also see Estiot, Monnaies de L’Empire romain XII.1: D’Aurelian ŕ Florien (270 - 276 apres J.-C.). Paris: Bibliothčque nationale de France, 2004, pp. 28 (table 1) and 122.

Photo credits: Forum Ancient Coins
Tracy Aiello
untitled~38.JPG
Unlisted follis of Constantine, London.42 viewsFollis of Constantine
London
CONSTANTINUS PF AVG
Lr, Dr bust R
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol stg L, raising R hand, globe in L
/ * // PLN
Variant of RIC VI LONDON 234
Listed as Chlamys Dr from L shoulder, but this is spread.
1 commentshooverman
234a Valens.jpg
Valens, RIC IX 15b x, Siscia53 viewsObv: D N VALENS P F AVG
Bust: Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE
Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm branch.
Exe: (dot) ASISC "R" in field left
Mint: Siscia
Date: 367-375 AD
Denom: Ae3
Ref: RIC IX 15b x
Rated "C3"
Bluefish
valerian~1.jpg
Valerian Sestertius10 viewsVALERIAN I. 253-260 AD. Ć Sestertius. Rome mint. Struck 253-254 AD.
Obv.: IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder
Rev.: VICTORIA AVGG, S C across field, Victory standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand and cradling palm in left arm.

RIC V 177; MIR 36, 30k; Banti 28; Hunter -; cf. Cohen 234.
Tanit
Vespasian_RIC_II_1234.jpg
Vespasian, AE As, RIC II 123412 viewsVespasian
Augustus, 69 – 79 A.D.

Coin: AE As

Obverse: IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS VIII P P, laureate bust facing right.
Reverse: A large Altar. S - C across the fields. PROVIDENT in exergue.

Weight: 8.22 g, Diameter: 26.5 x 25.9 x 1.9 mm, Die axis: 200°, Mint: Lyon, struck between 77 -78 A.D. Reference: RIC II 1234
Masis
Veturius_def.jpg
Veturius6 viewsTi. Veturius, denarius.
3.80 g., 18 mm.
Obv. TI•VET (ligate), Mars head.
Rev. ROMA, soldiers standing, point at a pig with their swords.
Crawford 234/1; RSC Veturia 1.
Marsman
VIET_Tu_Doc_KM_380a.JPG
Vietnam. Tự Đức (1847-1883).15 views103.5 [?], KM 380a, C 202.1, Toda 234.

6 van (cast copper alloy), 23 mm.

Obv: Tự Đức thong bao.

Rev: Luc-phan (indicating weight).
1 commentsStkp
1_wu_zhu_sanguan.JPG
Western Han Dynasty Wu Zhu14 viewsAE五铢 (wu.zhu)
China, Western Han Dynasty, 206 BCE - 25 CE
Diameter: 26 mm Weight: 3.53 grams

Obverse: The Hanzi 五铢 (5 zhu), arranged right to left. Bar above centre square hole. Top and bottom strokes of ‘wu’ projecting slightly, raised outer rim.

Reverse: Blank, raised rim and raised border around square hole.

Cast: Uncertain.

Notes:
- Probably cast after 113 BCE during the reign of Emperor WuDi, 140-87 BCE, who was the longest reigning Chinese monarch until KangXi (1662 -1722 CE).
- The wu zhu coinage was being heavily counterfeited, so the Han government set up a new coinage authority know as the 上林三官 (shang.lin.san.guan). Older wu zhus were gathered up and these new coins were cast in very fine quality. This successfully reduced the profitability of ‘private mints’.
- This example was lacquered in antiquity.
- Hartill 8.8

Ex Frank S Robinson 2013
Pharsalos
咸丰当千宝泉大型2.JPG
Xian Feng Yuan Bao49 viewsEmperor Xiang Feng, Qing Dynasty. Issued during the war. Huge coin and high value, 1000 cents. Scare. 1851~1861 ADsamwyi
_#27704;_#23433;_#20116;_#37526;.jpg
YUNG-AN WU SHU77 viewsNorthern Wei - Division of North and South (316 - 589 AD)
Bronze 5 shu,
Minted during Emperor HSIAO-CHUANG,
AD 528-529
23mm, 2.3g
S-239

Great patina and condition for this type
Samson L2
LarryW2348.jpg
Zeugitana, Carthage, 310-290 BC146 viewsEL shekel-didrachm, 18.8mm, 7.76g, Nice VF
Head of Tanit left, wreathed with corn and with prominent curl on top in place of the usual corn-ear; she wears neacklace and triple earring; pellet in lower left field before necklace / Horse standing right on double exergal line; pellet in lower right field before horse's fore-hooves. Scarce
Sear 6462; SNG Cop 137
1 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
LarryW2343.jpg
Zeugitana, Carthage, 3rd -2nd century BC86 viewsĆ25 (billon), 23mm, 8.89g, VF
Head of Tanit left, wreathed with corn, wearing earring / Horse standing right, looking back, right foreleg raised; pellet beneath
Sear 6517; SNG Cop 396
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW2340.jpg
Zeugitana, Carthage, Siculo-Punic, 325-300 BC114 viewsAR tetradrachm, 23mm, 17.69g, aEF
Head of young Herakles right, clad in lion's skin / Head and neck of horse left, date palm behind; beneath, Punic legend AMHMHNT (= people of the camp)
Ex: Alexander Boggis Collection
Sear 6436; SNG Cop 983; Jenkins IV, 312 (O100/R253)
Consigned to Forvm
3 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
SeverusAlexanderRIC70RSC325s.jpg
[1009a] Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.83 viewsSilver denarius, RIC 70, RSC 325, S -, EF, Rome mint, 2.803g, 20.7mm, 0o, 227 A.D.; Obverse: IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate and draped bust right; Reverse: P M TR P VI COS II P P, Emperor standing left, sacrificing from patera in right over a tripod, scroll in left; cameo-like obverse with toned portrait and legend and bright fields, slightly frosty surfaces, details of head on reverse figure unstruck, slightly irregular flan. Ex FORVM.

In this year Ardashir invaded Parthia and established the Sassanid Dynasty, which claimed direct descent from Xerxes and Darius. The Eastern power grew stronger and the threat to the Romans immense.

Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander was promoted from Caesar to Augustus after the murder of his cousin, Elagabalus. His reign was marked by great economic prosperity, and he enjoyed great success against the barbarian tribes. His mother Julia Mamaea was the real power in the empire, controlling her son's policies and even his personal life with great authority. Severus had an oratory where he prayed under the edict, written on the wall, "Do not unto others what you would not have done to yourself" and the images of various prophets including Mithras, Zoroaster, Abraham and Jesus. Mutinous soldiers led by Maximinus I murdered both Severus Alexander and his mother (Joseph Sermarini).

De Imeratoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Alexander Severus (A.D. 222-235)

Herbert W. Benario
Emory University

Introduction and Sources
"But as Alexander was a modest and dutiful youth, of only seventeen years of age, the reins of government were in the hands of two women, of his mother Mamaea, and of Maesa, his grandmother. After the death of the latter, who survived but a short time the elevation of Alexander, Mamaea remained the sole regent of her son and of the empire." (Gibbon, Decline and Fall, chap. 6: Modern Library Edition, p. 130)

"As the imperial system developed, it disclosed its various arcana one by one. How much does the personality of the ruler matter? Less and less, it should seem. Be he boy, buffoon, or philosopher, his conduct may not have much effect on the administration. Habit and routine took over, with groups and grades of bureaucrats at hand to fill the posts." (Syme, Emperors and Biography, 146)

The passages quoted above emphasize two important aspects of the principate of Severus Alexander (or Alexander Severus), his youth and the influence of women during his reign. The significance of the latter invites brief discourse about the four women known as the "Severan Julias," whose origin was Syria. Julia Domna became the second wife of Septimius Severus and bore him two sons, the later emperors Caracalla and Geta. Her role in the administration of her husband was significant, which her expansive titulature, "mother of the camp and the senate and the country," reflected. Her sister, Julia Maesa, had two daughters, each of whom produced a son who was to become emperor. Julia Soaemias was the mother of Elagabalus, and shared his fate when he was assassinated. Julia Mamaea bore Alexander, who succeeded his cousin; he was very young and hence much under the control of grandmother and mother. For the first time in its imperial history, the empire of Rome was de facto, though not de iure, governed by women.

The literary sources, while numerous, are limited in value. Chief among them, at least in scope, is the biography in the Historia Augusta, much the longest of all the lives in this peculiar collection. Though purporting to be the work of six authors in the early fourth century, it is now generally considered to have been produced by one author writing in the last years of this century. Spacious in its treatment of the emperor and extremely favorable to him on the whole, it has little historical merit, seeming rather an extended work of fiction. It must be used with the utmost caution.

Herodian, whose history covered the period 180-238, was a contemporary of Severus Alexander, and his coverage of the latter's reign is extensive. Another contemporary, Dio Cassius, who was consul in 229 and whose judgments would have been most valuable, is unfortunately useless here, since his history survives only in abbreviated form and covers barely a page of printed text for the whole reign (Book 80). Aurelius Victor, Eutropius, the Epitome de Caesaribus, and other Latin sources are extremely brief, informing us of only the occasional anecdote. Christian writers make minimal contribution; legal texts offer much instruction, particularly those dealing with or stemming from Ulpian; coins, inscriptions, papyri, and archaeology help fill the gaps left by the literary sources.

Early Life and Education
The future emperor was born in Arca Caesarea in Phoenicia on October 1, 208 although some sources put the date three years earlier (as Gibbon assumed, see above), the son of Gessius Marcianus, whose career advanced in the equestrian cursus, and of Julia Mamaea, niece of the then empress, Julia Domna, wife of Septimius Severus. He was raised quietly and well educated, at the instance of his mother. He came into the public eye only in 218, when, after Macrinus' murder of Caracalla and accession to the purple, he and his mother were declared hostes publici. In June of that year, Elagabalus defeated Macrinus and succeeded him as emperor. Alexander and Mamaea were soon rehabilitated. As his cousin's activities, religious, political, and personal, became increasingly unacceptable, Alexander was drawn ever more into public life. In mid 221, he assumed the toga virilis, was adopted by Elagabalus as a colleague, was granted the name Alexander, and elevated to the rank of Caesar. There had been talk that he was the illegitimate child of Caracalla, which won him support among the army, and this was confirmed, at least for public consumption, by his filiation in the official titulature back to Septimius. He was now styled Imp. Caes. M. Aurelii Antonini Pii Felicis Aug. fil., divi Antonini Magni Pii nepos, divi Severi pronepos M. Aurelius Alexander, nobilissimus Caesar imperi et sacerdotis, princeps iuventutis. The connection with Septimius Severus was crucial, since he was the only one of these predecessors who had been deified. Alexander was about 12˝ years old. Less than a year later, on March 13, 222, with the murder of Elagabalus, Alexander was hailed as emperor by the army. He considered this date as his dies imperii. He became thereby the youngest emperor in Rome's history. He was immediately thereafter given the titles of Augustus, pater patriae, and pontifex maximus.

His Principate; Grandmother, Mother, Ulpian
Having had no experience in government, the young emperor was largely dependent upon the two senior women in his life to guide his actions. His grandmother, Julia Maesa, may well have died as early as 223, so that his mother, Julia Mamaea, played the major role in the empire's administration from early on until the end. The only other figures who could rival her were the two Praetorian Prefects, both eminent jurists, Ulpian and Paulus, who are well-known to us because of the numerous citations of their legal views and administrative decisions preserved in the Corpus Iuris Civilis. Both were members of Alexander's consilium. Alexander attempted to restore some of the senate's prestige and functions, but with little success. He was even unable to protect Ulpian against the anger of the praetorians, who then murdered the jurist in 223.

Had his principate been peaceful, he might have developed into a significant emperor, certainly in comparison with his immediate predecessors. He was married once, in 225 to Sallustia Orbiana, who received the official titulature Sallustia Barbia Orbiana Augusta, but she was banished to Libya two years later. Her father, L. Seius Sallustius, was perhaps raised to the rank of Caesar by Alexander and was put to death in 227 on a charge of attempted murder of the emperor. The only other recorded uprising against Alexander is that of Taurinus, who was hailed as Augustus but drowned himself in the Euphrates.

According to the HA life, Alexander was a "good" person, and his mother certainly attempted to guide him well, but much of the last decade of his reign was preoccupied with serious military threats against the empire's prestige, nay existence. In those dangerous circumstances, his abilities, which had not earlier been honed, proved inadequate.

Domestic Policy
Perhaps the greatest service which Alexander furnished Rome, certainly at the beginning of his reign, was the return to a sense of sanity and tradition after the madness and fanaticism of Elagabalus. He is said to have honored and worshipped a variety of individuals, including Christ. His amiability assisted his relationship with the senate, which gained in honor under him without any real increase in its power. Besides jurists in high office, literary figures were also so distinguished; Marius Maximus, the biographer, and Dio Cassius, the historian, gained second consulships, the former in 223, the latter in 229.

The emperor's building program made its mark upon the face of Rome. The last of the eleven great aqueducts, the aqua Alexandrina, was put into service in 226; he also rebuilt the thermae Neronianae in the Campus Martius in the following year and gave them his own name. Of the other constructions, perhaps the most intriguing are the Diaetae Mammaeae, apartments which he built for his mother on the Palatine.

The Persian and German Wars
The first great external challenge appeared in the east, where the Parthian dynasty, which had ruled the Iranian plateau and other large areas for centuries, and who for long had been one of Rome's great rivals, was overthrown by the Persian family of the Sassanids by 227. They aspired to restore their domain to include all the Asian lands which had been ruled in the glory days of the Persian Empire. Since this included Asia Minor as well as all other eastern provinces, the stage was set for continuing clashes with Rome.

These began late in the decade, with significant success early on for the Sassanids. But Rome gradually developed a defense against these incursions, and ultimately the emperor, with his mother and staff, went to the east in 231. There actual military command rested in the hands of his generals, but his presence gave additional weight to the empire's policy. Persia's early successes soon faded as Rome's armies brought their power and experience to bear. The result was an acceptance of the status quo rather than a settlement between the parties. This occurred in 233 and Alexander returned to Rome. His presence in the west was required by a German threat, particularly along the Rhine, where the tribes took advantage of the withdrawal of Roman troops for the eastern war.

In 234, Alexander and Julia Mammaea moved to Moguntiacum (Mainz), the capital of Upper Germany. The military situation had improved with the return of troops from the east, and an ambitious offensive campaign was planned, for which a bridge was built across the Rhine. But Alexander preferred to negotiate for peace by buying off the enemy. This policy outraged the soldiers, who mutinied in mid March 235 and killed the emperor and his mother. He had reached the age of 26˝ years and had been emperor for almost precisely half his life. He was deified by the senate and received other posthumous honors. With the accession of Maximinus Thrax, the Severan dynasty came to an end.

Death and Evaluation
Tacitus' famous dictum about Galba, that he was properly considered capax imperii, capable of being emperor, until he showed, when emperor, that he was not, could never have been applied to Severus Alexander. A child when chance brought him to the principate, with only two recommendations, that he was different from Elagabalus and that he was part of the Severan family, he proved to be inadequate for the challenges of the time. Military experience was the prime attribute of an emperor now, which Alexander did not have, and that lack ultimately cost him his life. Guided by his mother and employing the services of distinguished men, he returned dignity to the imperial household and to the state. He did the best he could, but that best was not good enough in the early decades of the third century A.D., with the great threats from east and north challenging Rome's primacy and, indeed, existence.

Copyright (C) 2001, Herbert W. Benario. Published on De Imeratoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors; http://www.roman-emperors.org/alexsev.htm . Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
SevAl.jpg
[1009b] Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.110 viewsSilver denarius, RIC 19, S -, aF, Rome, 2.806g, 20.0mm, 0o, 223 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate and draped bust right; reverse P M TR P II COS P P, Jupiter standing left cloak over arms, holding long scepter and thunderbolt. Nice portrait. Ex FORVM.

Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander was promoted from Caesar to Augustus after the murder of his cousin, Elagabalus. His reign was marked by great economic prosperity, and he enjoyed great success against the barbarian tribes. His mother Julia Mamaea was the real power in the empire, controlling her son's policies and even his personal life with great authority. Severus had an oratory where he prayed under the edict, written on the wall, "Do not unto others what you would not have done to yourself" and the images of various prophets including Mithras, Zoroaster, Abraham and Jesus. Mutinous soldiers led by Maximinus I murdered both Severus Alexander and his mother (Joseph Sermarini).


De Imeratoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Alexander Severus (A.D. 222-235)

Herbert W. Benario
Emory University

Introduction and Sources
"But as Alexander was a modest and dutiful youth, of only seventeen years of age, the reins of government were in the hands of two women, of his mother Mamaea, and of Maesa, his grandmother. After the death of the latter, who survived but a short time the elevation of Alexander, Mamaea remained the sole regent of her son and of the empire." (Gibbon, Decline and Fall, chap. 6: Modern Library Edition, p. 130)

"As the imperial system developed, it disclosed its various arcana one by one. How much does the personality of the ruler matter? Less and less, it should seem. Be he boy, buffoon, or philosopher, his conduct may not have much effect on the administration. Habit and routine took over, with groups and grades of bureaucrats at hand to fill the posts." (Syme, Emperors and Biography, 146)

The passages quoted above emphasize two important aspects of the principate of Severus Alexander (or Alexander Severus), his youth and the influence of women during his reign. The significance of the latter invites brief discourse about the four women known as the "Severan Julias," whose origin was Syria. Julia Domna became the second wife of Septimius Severus and bore him two sons, the later emperors Caracalla and Geta. Her role in the administration of her husband was significant, which her expansive titulature, "mother of the camp and the senate and the country," reflected. Her sister, Julia Maesa, had two daughters, each of whom produced a son who was to become emperor. Julia Soaemias was the mother of Elagabalus, and shared his fate when he was assassinated. Julia Mamaea bore Alexander, who succeeded his cousin; he was very young and hence much under the control of grandmother and mother. For the first time in its imperial history, the empire of Rome was de facto, though not de iure, governed by women.

The literary sources, while numerous, are limited in value. Chief among them, at least in scope, is the biography in the Historia Augusta, much the longest of all the lives in this peculiar collection. Though purporting to be the work of six authors in the early fourth century, it is now generally considered to have been produced by one author writing in the last years of this century. Spacious in its treatment of the emperor and extremely favorable to him on the whole, it has little historical merit, seeming rather an extended work of fiction. It must be used with the utmost caution.

Herodian, whose history covered the period 180-238, was a contemporary of Severus Alexander, and his coverage of the latter's reign is extensive. Another contemporary, Dio Cassius, who was consul in 229 and whose judgments would have been most valuable, is unfortunately useless here, since his history survives only in abbreviated form and covers barely a page of printed text for the whole reign (Book 80). Aurelius Victor, Eutropius, the Epitome de Caesaribus, and other Latin sources are extremely brief, informing us of only the occasional anecdote. Christian writers make minimal contribution; legal texts offer much instruction, particularly those dealing with or stemming from Ulpian; coins, inscriptions, papyri, and archaeology help fill the gaps left by the literary sources.

Early Life and Education
The future emperor was born in Arca Caesarea in Phoenicia on October 1, 208 although some sources put the date three years earlier (as Gibbon assumed, see above), the son of Gessius Marcianus, whose career advanced in the equestrian cursus, and of Julia Mamaea, niece of the then empress, Julia Domna, wife of Septimius Severus. He was raised quietly and well educated, at the instance of his mother. He came into the public eye only in 218, when, after Macrinus' murder of Caracalla and accession to the purple, he and his mother were declared hostes publici. In June of that year, Elagabalus defeated Macrinus and succeeded him as emperor. Alexander and Mamaea were soon rehabilitated. As his cousin's activities, religious, political, and personal, became increasingly unacceptable, Alexander was drawn ever more into public life. In mid 221, he assumed the toga virilis, was adopted by Elagabalus as a colleague, was granted the name Alexander, and elevated to the rank of Caesar. There had been talk that he was the illegitimate child of Caracalla, which won him support among the army, and this was confirmed, at least for public consumption, by his filiation in the official titulature back to Septimius. He was now styled Imp. Caes. M. Aurelii Antonini Pii Felicis Aug. fil., divi Antonini Magni Pii nepos, divi Severi pronepos M. Aurelius Alexander, nobilissimus Caesar imperi et sacerdotis, princeps iuventutis. The connection with Septimius Severus was crucial, since he was the only one of these predecessors who had been deified. Alexander was about 12˝ years old. Less than a year later, on March 13, 222, with the murder of Elagabalus, Alexander was hailed as emperor by the army. He considered this date as his dies imperii. He became thereby the youngest emperor in Rome's history. He was immediately thereafter given the titles of Augustus, pater patriae, and pontifex maximus.

His Principate; Grandmother, Mother, Ulpian
Having had no experience in government, the young emperor was largely dependent upon the two senior women in his life to guide his actions. His grandmother, Julia Maesa, may well have died as early as 223, so that his mother, Julia Mamaea, played the major role in the empire's administration from early on until the end. The only other figures who could rival her were the two Praetorian Prefects, both eminent jurists, Ulpian and Paulus, who are well-known to us because of the numerous citations of their legal views and administrative decisions preserved in the Corpus Iuris Civilis. Both were members of Alexander's consilium. Alexander attempted to restore some of the senate's prestige and functions, but with little success. He was even unable to protect Ulpian against the anger of the praetorians, who then murdered the jurist in 223.

Had his principate been peaceful, he might have developed into a significant emperor, certainly in comparison with his immediate predecessors. He was married once, in 225 to Sallustia Orbiana, who received the official titulature Sallustia Barbia Orbiana Augusta, but she was banished to Libya two years later. Her father, L. Seius Sallustius, was perhaps raised to the rank of Caesar by Alexander and was put to death in 227 on a charge of attempted murder of the emperor. The only other recorded uprising against Alexander is that of Taurinus, who was hailed as Augustus but drowned himself in the Euphrates.

According to the HA life, Alexander was a "good" person, and his mother certainly attempted to guide him well, but much of the last decade of his reign was preoccupied with serious military threats against the empire's prestige, nay existence. In those dangerous circumstances, his abilities, which had not earlier been honed, proved inadequate.

Domestic Policy
Perhaps the greatest service which Alexander furnished Rome, certainly at the beginning of his reign, was the return to a sense of sanity and tradition after the madness and fanaticism of Elagabalus. He is said to have honored and worshipped a variety of individuals, including Christ. His amiability assisted his relationship with the senate, which gained in honor under him without any real increase in its power. Besides jurists in high office, literary figures were also so distinguished; Marius Maximus, the biographer, and Dio Cassius, the historian, gained second consulships, the former in 223, the latter in 229.

The emperor's building program made its mark upon the face of Rome. The last of the eleven great aqueducts, the aqua Alexandrina, was put into service in 226; he also rebuilt the thermae Neronianae in the Campus Martius in the following year and gave them his own name. Of the other constructions, perhaps the most intriguing are the Diaetae Mammaeae, apartments which he built for his mother on the Palatine.

The Persian and German Wars
The first great external challenge appeared in the east, where the Parthian dynasty, which had ruled the Iranian plateau and other large areas for centuries, and who for long had been one of Rome's great rivals, was overthrown by the Persian family of the Sassanids by 227. They aspired to restore their domain to include all the Asian lands which had been ruled in the glory days of the Persian Empire. Since this included Asia Minor as well as all other eastern provinces, the stage was set for continuing clashes with Rome.

These began late in the decade, with significant success early on for the Sassanids. But Rome gradually developed a defense against these incursions, and ultimately the emperor, with his mother and staff, went to the east in 231. There actual military command rested in the hands of his generals, but his presence gave additional weight to the empire's policy. Persia's early successes soon faded as Rome's armies brought their power and experience to bear. The result was an acceptance of the status quo rather than a settlement between the parties. This occurred in 233 and Alexander returned to Rome. His presence in the west was required by a German threat, particularly along the Rhine, where the tribes took advantage of the withdrawal of Roman troops for the eastern war.

In 234, Alexander and Julia Mammaea moved to Moguntiacum (Mainz), the capital of Upper Germany. The military situation had improved with the return of troops from the east, and an ambitious offensive campaign was planned, for which a bridge was built across the Rhine. But Alexander preferred to negotiate for peace by buying off the enemy. This policy outraged the soldiers, who mutinied in mid March 235 and killed the emperor and his mother. He had reached the age of 26˝ years and had been emperor for almost precisely half his life. He was deified by the senate and received other posthumous honors. With the accession of Maximinus Thrax, the Severan dynasty came to an end.

Death and Evaluation
Tacitus' famous dictum about Galba, that he was properly considered capax imperii, capable of being emperor, until he showed, when emperor, that he was not, could never have been applied to Severus Alexander. A child when chance brought him to the principate, with only two recommendations, that he was different from Elagabalus and that he was part of the Severan family, he proved to be inadequate for the challenges of the time. Military experience was the prime attribute of an emperor now, which Alexander did not have, and that lack ultimately cost him his life. Guided by his mother and employing the services of distinguished men, he returned dignity to the imperial household and to the state. He did the best he could, but that best was not good enough in the early decades of the third century A.D., with the great threats from east and north challenging Rome's primacy and, indeed, existence.

Copyright (C) 2001, Herbert W. Benario. Published on De Imeratoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors; http://www.roman-emperors.org/alexsev.htm . Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
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