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Westfalen_Hieronymus_Napoleon_3_Cent_1809_Kassel_Kupfer_Monogramm.jpg
21 viewsKönigreich Westfalen

Hieronymus Napoleon, 1807 - 1813

3 Cent 1809 C, Kassel

Monogramm aus HN im Kranz.

Rs: Landesbezeichnung, Wert, Mzz. und Jahr.

Erhaltung: Sehr schön

Durchmesser: 25 mm

Gewicht: 4,3 g _694
Antonivs Protti
Byzantine1.jpg
001 - Anonymus follis class A2 - Sear 181346 viewsObv: +EMMANOVHA, Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with two pellets in each limb of cross, pallium and colobium, and holding book of Gospels, the cover ornamented with central pellet in border of dots. To left IC and to right XC.
Rev: IhSYS / XRISTYS / bASILEY / bASILE in foyr lines. Dot above and below.
This type is attributed to the joint regin of Basil II and Constantine VIII 976-1025 AD.
30.0 mm. diameter.
pierre_p77
102155.jpg
012a. Domitia101 viewsDomitia, wife of Domitian. Augusta, 82-96 AD.

In 70, Domitia was married to Lucius Aelius Lamia, but she attracted the attention of Domitian, son of emperor Vespasian. Shortly afterwards she was taken from her husband and remarried with the future emperor. They had a son in the next year and a daughter in 74, both died young. Domitian was very fond of his wife and carried her in all his travels. In 83, Domitia Longina's affair with the actor Paris was disclosed. Paris was executed and Domitia received her letter of divorce from Domitian. She was exiled, but remained close to Roman politics and to Domitian.

CILICIA, Epiphanea. Æ 21mm (7.18 gm). Dated year 151 (83/84 AD). Draped bust right / Athena standing left, righ hand extended, left resting on shield; ANP (date) left. RPC I 1786; SNG Levante 1813; SNG France -; SNG Copenhagen -. VF, dark green patina, some smoothing. Very rare, only 1 specimen (the Levante specimen), recorded in RPC. Ex-CNG
ecoli73
058_Ferenc_I_,_(1792-1835_A_D_),_AR-Thaler,_U-III-1363b,_H-1943,_G-Nagybanya,1813_AD,_Q-001_0h_39,4mm_28,0gx-s.jpg
058 Ferenc I., (Franc I. of Habsburg-Lotharingia), King of Hungary, (1792-1835 A.D.), AR-Thaler, U III 1363b, 1813, 113 views058 Ferenc I., (Franc I. of Habsburg-Lotharingia), King of Hungary, (1792-1835 A.D.), AR-Thaler, U III 1363b, 1813,
avers: FRANCISCVS I:D:G:AVSTRIAE IMPERATOR •, Laureate bust right.
revers: HVN:BOH:GAL:REX•A:A: - LO:WI:ET IN FR:DVX •1813 •, Crowned two-headed eagle.
diameter: 39,4mm, weight: 28,0g, axis: 0h,
exe, mint mark: -/-//G, mint: Nagybánya, date: 1813 A.D.,
ref: Unger III-1363b, Huszár-1943,
Q-001
quadrans
BasIISear1813.jpg
0976-1025 AD - Basil II (Bulgaroktonos) - Anonymous Follis, Class A213 viewsEmperor: Basil II (Bulgaroktonos) (r. 976-1025 AD)
Date: 976-1025 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Anonymous Follis, Class A2

Obverse: -
Bust of Christ facing, bearded, with nimbus cross having in each arm, wearing tunic and himation; right hand raised in blessing in sling of cloak, left holds book with probable in jeweled border. In field, - .

Reverse: ///
above and beneath.

Sear 1813; probable DO A2.25
15.47g; 35.3mm; 30°
Pep
BasIIDOA2_24.jpg
0976-1025 AD - Basil II (Bulgaroktonos) - Anonymous Follis, Class A2.2420 viewsEmperor: Basil II (Bulgaroktonos) (r. 976-1025 AD)
Date: 976-1025 AD
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Anonymous Follis, Class A2

Obverse: -
Bust of Christ facing, bearded, with nimbus cross having in each arm, wearing tunic and himation; right hand raised in blessing in sling of cloak, left holds book with in jeweled border. In field, - .

Reverse: ///
above and beneath.

DO A2.24; Sear 1813
13.40g; 29.0mm; 180°
Pep
Follis Anonimo Clase A2 SB01813.jpg
15-02 - Follis Anónimo Clase A2 (976 - 1025 D.C.)28 viewsAtribuida al reinado conjunto de Basilio II y Constantino VIII.
AE Follis 30 x 27 mm 9.6 gr.

Anv: "EMMA - NOVHΛ", "IX - XC" (en campos izq. y derecho) - Busto de Cristo de frente nimbado (Forma rectangular en la cruz del limbo), sosteniendo el Libro de los Evangelios (5 puntos en el libro).
Rev: " IhSUS / XRISTUS / bASILEU / bASILE " (Jesús Cristo Rey de Reyes), leyenda en 4 líneas, debajo y arriba ornamentos tipo 47 (Forma rectangular).

Acuñada 976 - 1025 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla

Referencias: Sear BCTV #1813 Pag. 376 - Bellinger D.O. pp.651 - B.M.C. (Basil II and Constantine VII) #21-40 - Ratto M.B.(Basil II and Constantine VII) #1951-65 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. pp.596/8 #1-66
mdelvalle
1813_Walthamstow_Halfpenny_Token.JPG
1813 "LION" AE Halfpenny, Walthamstow, Essex.31 viewsObverse: HALFPENNY. A lion walking left; 1813 below in exergue.
Reverse: Britannia seated facing left holding olive branch and trident, a shield at her side, small BCC below shield, all within an oak-wreath.
Edge: Plain.
Diameter: 28mm
Withers: 610

The principal die engraver for this token was Thomas Wyon the elder (1767–1830). About 1796, Thomas went into business in Birmingham with his brother Peter as a general die-engraver. From 1800, he carried on his business from London, where he engraved many dies for tokens, and in 1816 he was appointed chief engraver of the seals. He died on 18th October, 1830.

This token was issued by the British Copper Company, a Welsh based company who, in 1808, bought the Walthamstow site beside the River Lea. Walthamstow is now a suburb of north east London.
*Alex
1813_FLINT_LEAD_WORKS_PENNY.JPG
1813 AE Penny Token. Flint, Flintshire.23 viewsObverse: FLINT LEAD WORKS. View of the lead works, smoking away in full production; 1813 below in exergue.
Reverse: ONE POUND NOTE FOR 240 TOKENS • around ONE PENNY TOKEN in centre.
Edge: Centre Grained.
Diameter 34mm | Die Axis 6
Withers: 1313 | Davis: 12
SCARCE

The dies for this token were engraved by Thomas Halliday. The manufacturer of the token is unknown but it would in all probability have been struck in Birmingham. It was issued by George Roskell at the Flint Lead Works in Flintshire.

The Flint Lead Smelting Works was the only issuer of tokens in North Wales in the 19th century. The company produced lead from ore obtained from mines on the nearby Halkyn mountain. George Roskell (1777-1847) of Garstang, Lancashire, came to Flintshire as a shareholder in the Milwr Mine, and later became the senior partner in the Flint Smelting Works. In 1805, he married Mary Ann, only child of James Potts of Stokyn, near Holywell. His eldest son, George Potts Roskell succeeded to the Stokyn estate. In 1852 the Flint Lead Works became absorbed in the more extensive Alkali Works of Muspratt Bros. and Huntley, which by 1885 was one of the largest chemical works in Britain.

The town of Flint has its origins in the turbulent times of Edward I in the13th century when he invaded Wales for the complete subjugation of the Welsh princes and the people of Wales. Edward I picked the only suitable spot on the marshy shore, where an outcrop of rock jutted out some fifty yards into the river, on which to build the castle and town of Flint. The castle was built on the rock and joined by a drawbridge to the town. The town was built in the form of a Roman encampment, with a double ditch and earthen banks crowned by timber ramparts and four regular gates.
*Alex
1813_PENNY_TOKEN.JPG
1813 AE Penny, Hull, Yorkshire.32 viewsObverse: VIMIERA•TALAVERA•BADAJOZ•SALAMANCA•VITTORIA •. Bust of Duke of Wellington facing left.
Reverse: ONE PENNY TOKEN. Britannia seated on shield facing left, holding olive branch in her right hand and trident in left; 1813 in exergue.
Edge: Centre Grained.
Diameter 34mm
Withers:1507 | Davis Yorkshire No: 93 | Charlton No: WE-12
VERY RARE.

The inscription on the obverse of this token is a list of battles fought in the Peninsular War. The dies were engraved by Thomas Halliday (c.1780 – 1854) and the token was manufactured by Edward Thomason. The type was one of several issued by J.K.Picard in his “Peninsular” series which were struck for use by the Duke of Wellington's army in Portugal and Spain. These tokens bear the portrait of Wellington, who was a good friend of the Prince Regent, the future George IV, on the obverse.

This token was issued by John Kirby Picard, the owner of the Hull Lead Works. Picard spent a lot of his time in London and became friendly with the Prince of Wales' circle of aquaintances. He gambled heavily, and became bankrupt in 1827 after eventually gambling his fortune away. He died in reduced circumstances in 1843.
*Alex
1813_SHEFFIELD_PENNY_TOKEN_.JPG
1813 AE Penny, Sheffield, Yorkshire.28 viewsObverse: PAYABLE AT S. HOBSON & SON's, BUTTON MANUFACTURERS, incuse letters on a raised rim. Arms consisting of eight arrows arranged saltirewise, bound together with a ribbon; pheon on either side; above, a facing winged cherubim; below, SHEFFIELD.
Reverse: ONE PENNY TOKEN 1813 incuse letters on a raised rim. Britannia seated facing left on shield, holding olive branch and trident, small ship in left background; small “H” (for Halliday) below shield.
Edge: Centre-grained.
Diameter 34mm
Davis:138

The dies for this token were engraved by Thomas Halliday (c.1780-1854). Active in the early 19th century, Halliday originally worked as an engraver at Matthew Boulton's Soho Mint in Handsworth and set up on his own as a medallist and token-producer from 1801. Established in Newhall Street, Birmingham about 1810, he engraved dies for the trade, or engraved and manufactured tokens and medals at his own works for all traders who wished to issue them.

This token was issued by Hobson & Son who were button manufacturers with a business in Sheffield.
*Alex
1813_STOCKTON_PENNY_TOKEN_.JPG
1813 AE Penny, Stockton-on-Tees, County Durham.36 viewsObverse: CHRISTOPHER & JENNETT * STOCKTON *, incuse letters on a raised rim. View of the bridge over the Tees being crossed by several small figures including a rider on horse, rowing boat containing two figures in river below; in field above, TEES; in field below, 1813.
Reverse: BRITANNIA * ONE PENNY TOKEN *, incuse letters on a raised rim. Britannia seated facing left on shield, holding olive branch and trident, small ship in left background at her feet.
Edge: Centre-grained.
Diameter 34mm | Weight 19.7gms
Davis:6 | Withers:1109

The die engraver for this token was Peter Wyon. It was issued by Robert Christopher & Thomas Jennett who were booksellers and printers in Stockton, they were also the Stockton agents for the Sun Fire Office.
Jennett was Christopher's apprentice and on the completion of his indentures, he was taken into partnership. Matching the high standards of his companion, Jennett became well known and much respected, growing to be a man of power and influence. He became a magistrate and was mayor of Stockton three times.

The bridge shown on this token was the first bridge to serve the growing town of Stockton, it was a five arch stone bridge which was completed in 1769. Before the existence of the bridge at this location, the only way of crossing the Tees was by the Bishop’s Ferry. The bridge was subject to rent to the Bishop of Durham and the costs of building it had to be repaid, so a system of tolls was charged. These were supposed to be abolished as soon as the debt was cleared, but they remained in place until, in 1819, the local people took the law into their own hands, throwing two of the bridge gates into the river and burning the third gate in the High Street. Although the bridge was good news for Stockton’s business, it had a devastating impact on Yarm. As ships were growing in size at this time, the building of the bridge prevented many ships reaching Yarm because they were unable to navigate further up the river. This only heightened shipping in Stockton and affirmed its place as the main port on the Tees before the 1800s. The bridge also halted Yarm’s shipbuilding industry and, since Stockton was unaffected, yards sprang up east of the bridge towards the sea. By 1876 the old bridge was inadequate and in 1881 work was begun on a new bridge. This new bridge, named the ‘Victoria Bridge’ in recognition of Queen Victoria, was opened in 1887 and the old stone bridge was demolished.
*Alex
1094_P_Hadrian_Pseudo_RPC1813A.jpg
1813A LYDIA, Nacrasa, Pseudo-autonomous under Hadrian30 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1813A;

Obv. ΘΕΟΝ СΥΝΚΛΗΤΟΝ
Draped bust of Senate, r.

Rev. ΝΑΚΡΑСΙΤΩΝ
Turreted and draped bust of Roma, r.

3.20 gr
17 mm
6h
okidoki
0-pataco_1813.jpg
40 reis 181335 views KM# 345
Features
Country Portugal
Years 1811-1815
Value 40 Réis (40)
Metal Bronze
Weight 38.7 g
Diameter 36 mm
xokleng
976-1025 Anon A2 S1813.jpg
976-1025 - follis (Anonymous class A2)60 views+ EMMANOVHΛ , bust of Christ facing, holding gospels ; in field IC / XC
+ IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE

Sear 1813
Ginolerhino
U3141F1OAZMMBUO.JPG
Anonymous AE Follis12 viewsAttributed to Constantine VIII (1025-1028 CE)

Obverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyB / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings."
Mint: Constantinople

SB 1813 Class A2. AE 32, 14.12g
Belisarius
class-a2-basil-constantine-viii.jpg
Anonymous AE Follis Class A216 viewsByzantine Empire, Anonymous AE Follis Class A2, Basil II and Constantine VIII (976-1028 AD)


Attributed to Basil II and Constantine VIII (976-1028 AD)

Obverse: IC-XC, Bust of Christ holding book of gospels. EMMA NOVHL

Reverse: IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE on four lines, ornament below.

Reference: SB 1813

Ex: Kayser-i Rum Numismatics +photo
Gil-galad
lg_anonA.jpg
Anonymous Class A2, time of Basil II34 viewsAnonymous Class A2, time of Basil II and Constanti
AE Follis
+ EMMANOVHL, facing bust of Christ, wears nimbus cruciger ornamented in each limb of cross with squares, pallium and colobium, Gospels in both hands with five pellets in center, to left IC, to right XC
+ IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE (Jesus Christ King of Kings), ornamentation (square) above legend (Type 47)
Mint: (976 - 1025 AD)
References: Sear 1813
Class A2 Ornament type 47
1 commentsScotvs Capitis
anaon_follis.jpg
Anonymous Follis Class A244 viewsClass A2 Sear No. 1813
minted during the joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII
976 - 1025 A.D.
Ornament variation No. 5 in DOC
Scotvs Capitis
anonimus-biz.jpg
Anonymous Follis- SB 181313 viewsanonymous,
Issued under both Basil II and Constantine VIII
from 976 until 1028.
Class 2, SB 1813.
xokleng
antoninus_pius~0.jpg
Antoninus Pius AE Sestertius, RIC 844, Cohen 1095, BMC 181352 viewsAntoninus Pius, 138-161 A.D. AE Sestertius. struck in 147/8 A.D. ANTONINVS PIVS PP TR P XIJ. Laureate hd. r.
COS IIII S C.; VOTA in ex. Pius std. l. sacrificing with patera over tripod. Cohen 1095.
Britanikus
G_312_Pergamon.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Asklepios, snake, Omphalos, owl10 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE 17
Obv.: laureate head of bearded Asklepios
Rev.: AΣKΛHΠIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around omphalos, owl standing on the snake's back
AE, 8.66g, 17.3mm
Ref.: BMC Mysia p. 129, 160; SNGvA 1371; SNG BnF 1813; SNG Cop -
Ex Forvm Ancient Coins
shanxi
B_059_Anonim_Follis,_SB_1812var,_(Basil_II__and_Constantine_VIII__cc989_AD),_A2,_F41,_SB-1812var_,_Q-001,_6h,_25-26,5mm,11,31g-s.jpg
B 059 Anonymous Follis, SB 1812var., AE-Follis, Class A2/F41type, (Basil II. and Constantine VIII. (976-1025 A.D.)), #1104 viewsB 059 Anonymous Follis, SB 1812var., AE-Follis, Class A2/F41type, (Basil II. and Constantine VIII. (976-1025 A.D.)), #1
Class A2, attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII.
averse: +EMMA NOVHΛ, IC-XC, ust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
reverse: +IhSyS / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings".
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 27,5mm, weight: 10,30g, axis: h,
mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences., date: cc989 A.D., ref:SB 1813, Class A2/F41type,
Q-001
quadrans
B_059_Anonim-Follis,_SB_1813,_AE-Follis,_Class_A2,_(Constantine_VIII__(976-1025_A_D_)),SB-1818-p-350_Q-001,_0h,_28mm,_10_30g-s.jpg
B 059 Anonymous Follis, SB 1813, AE-Follis, Class A2/F39type, (Constantine VIII. (976-1025 A.D.)), #1129 viewsB 059 Anonymous Follis, SB 1813, AE-Follis, Class A2/F39type, (Constantine VIII. (976-1025 A.D.)), #1
Class A2, attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII.
averse: +ЄMMA NOVHΛ, IC-XC, Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
reverse: +IhSyS / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings".
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 27,5mm, weight: 10,30g, axis: h,
mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences., date: 976-1025 CE, ref:SB 1813, Class A2/F39type,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
11_Basil-II.jpg
Basil II (A.D. 976 - 1025)6 viewsAE Follis, A.D. 976 - 1025, Constantinople, 26mm, 9.34g, 180°, SB 1813.
Obv: Facing bust of Christ, raising hand and holding gospels.
Rev: +IhSUS XRISTUS BASILЄU BASILЄ.
Marti Vltori
Christ_follis_1_k.jpg
Basil II and Constantine VIII, AD 976 - 102512 viewsÆ anonymous follis, class A2, 32mm, 12.6g, 6h; Constantinople mint
Obv.: + EMMANOVHL, facing bust of Christ, wears nimbus cruciger ornamented in each limb of cross, pallium and colobium, Gospels in both hands, to left IC, to right XC
Rev.: + IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE (Jesus Christ King of Kings), ornamentation above and below
Reference: SBCV 1813
John Anthony
Battle_of_Leipzig.JPG
Battle of Leipzig, 1813. d'Essling 1412118 viewsObv. FRANZ. I: KAISER. V: OESTERREICH * ALEXANDER KAISER. V: RUSSLAND * . Bustes, en regard, de François et d'Alexandre JETTON
Rev. DIE ENTSCHEID: SCHLACHT DER ALLIIRTEN BEY LEIPZIG. Vue de la ville et de la bataille. Dans les airs, un aigle couronné, tenant le glaive et le globe.
Exergue: DEN 18=19. OCT: 1813.
Silvered AE34. d'Essling 1412, Bramsen 1259.

A medal/jeton commemorating the Battle of Leipzig in 1813, the most devestating battle prior to WWI.
LordBest
constantine viii.jpg
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - BASIL II & CONSTANTINE VIII184 viewsAnonymous follis class A2 Christ & 4 lines legend Attributed to the reign of Basil II & Constantine VIII. Obv.: Bust of Christ, facing, Wearing nimbus and holding book with Gospels. Rev.: Legend in four lines. Ref.: D. Sear. Byzantine coins and their values. p. 376 1813. 29 mm, 12.78 g. dpaul7
Christ_,_Basil_II_and_Constantine_VIII.png
Byzantine Empire / Basil II. And Constantine VIII.62 viewsAnonymous AE of Christ 976 - 1025 AD , uncertain mint.
Obverse : + Emma NOVHL / IC - XC, Christ bust.

Reverse : + IhSVS / XRISTVS / BASILEV / BASILE, top & Below vegetal ornament.

Ch VF ,10.14 gr 28.5 mm

Sear 1813
4 commentsSam
Screenshot_2016-05-24_10_06_45.png
Byzantine Empire, Basil II, AE Follis. Added to the Coinproject site.15 viewsConstantinople 976-1028 A.D. 16.85g - 33mm, Axis 6h.

Obv: IC-XC to left and right of bust of Christ, facing, with nimbate cross behind head, holding book of gospels, dots in centre of book's border, o in each limb of the cross.

Rev: IhSUS XRISTUS bASILEU bASILE - Legend in four lines.

SB 1813.
scarli
Sear-1813(2).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Æ Anonymous Class A2-31 Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1813) - Attributed to Basil II & Constantine VII (976-1025)17 viewsObv: +ЄMMA-NOVHΛ; IC-XC to right and left of bust of Christ facing, holding book of gospels, with nimbus
Rev: +IҺSЧS / XRISTЧS / ЬASILЄЧ / ЬASILЄ in four lines
Quant.Geek
Sear-1813(1).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Æ Anonymous Class A2-32 Follis, Attributed to Basil II & Constantine VII (976-1025), Constantinople (Sear 1813; Sommer-40.2.7)17 viewsObv: +ЄMMA-NOVHΛ; IC-XC to right and left of bust of Christ facing with nimbate cross behind head, 🞢 in each limb of nimbus cross, holding book of gospels, a 🞢 on the center of book
Rev: + IҺSЧS / XRISTЧS / ЬASILЄЧ / ЬASILЄ in four lines; above and below, 🞢 between two pellets
Quant.Geek
Sear-1813a.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Æ Anonymous Class A2-40b Follis, Attributed to Basil II & Constantine VII (976-1025), Constantinople Mint (Sear-1813, Sommer-40.2.7)81 viewsObv: + EMMA NOVHΛ IC - XC.
Bust of Christ facing, holding book of gospels, with nimbus. Cross on book of gospels; cross in each arm of gospel.

Rev: + IhSYS/ XRISTYS/ bASILEY/ bASILE.
Legend in four lines.
2 commentsSpongeBob
Sear-1813(5).jpg
Byzantine Empire: Æ Anonymous Class A2-41 Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1813) - Attributed to Basil II & Constantine VII (976-1025)16 viewsObv: +ЄMMA-NOVHΛ; IC-XC to right and left of bust of Christ facing, holding book of gospels, with nimbus
Rev: +IҺSЧS / XRISTЧS / ЬASILЄЧ / ЬASILЄ in four lines
Quant.Geek
Anonim-Follis_AE-28_SB-1818_Q-001_10_30g.jpg
Byzantine, Anonymous Follis, SB 1813, AE-Follis, Class A2/F39type, (Constantine VIII. (976-1025 A.D.)), 406 viewsAnonymous Follis, SB 1813, AE-Follis, Class A2/F39type, (Constantine VIII. (976-1025 A.D.)), #1
Class A2, attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII.
averse: +ЄMMA NOVHΛ, IC-XC, Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
reverse: +IhSyS / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings".
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 27,5mm, weight: 10,30g, axis: h,
mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences., date: 976-1025 CE, ref:SB 1813, Class A2/F39type,
Q-001
5 commentsquadrans
Sear-1813.jpg
BYZANTINE, Basil II & Constantine VII (976-1025). Æ Anonymous Class A2 Follis, (Sear-1813, Sommer-40.2.7)311 viewsObv: + EMMA NOVHΛ IC - XC.
Bust of Christ facing, holding book of gospels, with nimbus. Cross on book of gospels; cross in each arm of gospel.

Rev: + IhSYS/ XRISTYS/ bASILEY/ bASILE.
Legend in four lines.

Attributed to Basil II & Constantine VII (976-1025).

Classified as Class A2-32 using Ornamentation Classification Table.
1 commentsSpongeBob
A2.JPG
BYZANTINE, Basil II 976-1026 Class A2 Anonymous Follis334 viewsObv: Bust of Christ
Rev: +IhSUS / XRISTUS / bASILEU / bASILE, Ornament Above and Below
Sear 1813
2 commentsLaetvs
Basil_II___Constantine_VIII_-_Christ-.jpg
Byzantine, Christ, Anonymous Folles. temp. Basil II & Constantine VIII, circa 976-1025. 488 viewsÆ Follis (28mm, 12.04 g, 6h). Class A2. Constantinople mint. Nimbate half-length bust of Christ facing, holding Gospels / [+] IhSЧ[S]/[X]PISTЧS/[Ь]ASILЄЧ/ЬASILЄ in four lines ( Jesus Christ King of Kings ); rectangular ornament below. DOC A2.47; SB 1813. VF, dark green patina with earthen highlights/deposits, a few cleaning scratches. EX ; The Prue Morgan Fitts Collection.

EX The Sam Mansourati Collection.

*A fine masterpiece of one of the very early portraits of Christ according to Saint Veronica 's Veil.
**The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.

Given as a Christmas Present to Dear friend , brother and great dentist , Dr. Manuel M. Cunanan .
Sam
Byzanz_3.jpg
BYZANTINE, Constantine VIII, Anonymous Follis Class A3, 1025-1028 AD27 viewsConstantine VIII, AE Class 2 anonymous follis. 1025-1028 AD. IC-XC to left and right of bust of Christ, facing, with nimbate cross behind head, holding book of gospels, dotted square in each limb of the cross / IhSUS XRISTUS bASILEU bASILE in four lines. SB 1813.Franz-Josef M
sb1813classA234mm1246g.jpg
Class A2, sb1813 attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII, 976-1025 CE15 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyB / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
Mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences.
Date: 976-1025 CE
SB 1813 Class A2
34mm, 12.46g
wileyc
sb1813classA233mm1566gjpg.jpg
Class A2, sb1813 attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII, 976-1025 CE14 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyB / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
Mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences.
Date: 976-1025 CE
SB 1813 Class A2
33mm, 15.66g
wileyc
sb1813classA230mm1456g.jpg
Class A2, sb1813 attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII, 976-1025 CE18 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyB / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
Mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences.
Date: 976-1025 CE
SB 1813 Class A2
30mm, 14.56g
wileyc
sb1813classA228mm1480g.jpg
Class A2, sb1813 attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII, 976-1025 CE22 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyB / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
Mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences.
Date: 976-1025 CE
SB 1813 Class A2
28mm, 14.80g
wileyc
ab1813classA228mm1207g.jpg
Class A2, sb1813 attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII, 976-1025 CE19 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyB / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
Mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences.
Date: 976-1025 CE
SB 1823 Class A2
28mm, 12.07g
wileyc
sb1813classA2.jpg
Class A2, sb1813 attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII, 976-1025 CE12 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyB / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
Mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences.
Date: 976-1025 CE
SB 1813 Class A2
30mm, 14.48g
wileyc
sb1813classA224mm1509g.jpg
Class A2, sb1813 attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII, 976-1025 CE19 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyB / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
Mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences.
Date: 976-1025 CE
SB 1813 Class A2
34mm, mm, 15.09g
g
wileyc
sb1818_40b_32mm_13_96g.jpg
Class A2, sb1813 attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII, 976-1025 CE15 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyB / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
Mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences.
Date: 976-1025 CE
SB 1813 Class A2
32mm, 13.96g
wileyc
sb1813_orn_47_28mm8_81g.jpg
Class A2, sb1813 attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII, 976-1025 CE12 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyB / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
Ornamentation #47
Mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences.
Date: 976-1025 CE
SB 1813 Class A2
28mm, 8.81g
Clipped
wileyc
sb1813_40b_30mm_14_59gjpg.jpg
Class A2, sb1813 attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII, 976-1025 CE24 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyB / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
Mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences.
Date: 976-1025 CE
SB 1813 Class A2
orn-40b
30mm, 14.59g
wileyc
sb1813_29mm_1342g_.jpg
Class A2, sb1813 attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII, 976-1025 CE19 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyB / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
Mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences.
Date: 976-1025 CE
SB 1813 Class A2
29mm, 13.42gg
wileyc
sb1813_24a_28mm10_09g.jpg
Class A3, sb1818 attributed to Constantine VIII (1025-1028 CE)18 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyB / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
Mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences.
Date: 976-1025 CE
SB 1818 Class A3
28mm, 10.09g

Class A3 in this case is presented a a group intermediate in weight between Classes A1 and A3 generally considered around 9-10g. Originally classed by D. M. Metcalf he feels that the weight reduction from Class A2 may have been around 1020 CE. Phillip Grierson with Dumbarton Oaks Catalogue does not separate Class A3 from class A2.
wileyc
PtolmyIX_SNGcop356_gf.jpg
Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II25 viewsCleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II. 116/107 BC AR Tetradrachm (13.20 gm) of Alexandria, 108/107 BC. Diademed head of Ptolemy I r. / Eagle standing l. on thunderbolt. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ | ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ, L| to l. (RY 10), ΠΑ to r. VF. SNG Cop 8 #356-357; Svoronos 1671 (Ptolemy X of Paphos) pl. 57 #12; DCA 60; Morkholm PPCH XXI #961. cf Heritage Auction 231813 #65071.
1 commentsAnaximander
11160471_945192425514808_1813171480_n.jpg
Constantine32 viewsConstantine AE Follis. 326-327 AD. CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right / PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, campgate with two turrets and star above, Mintmark NDelta

Nicomedia
RIC VII 144,Delta
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
098~2.JPG
Consulat - essai de Pierre-Joseph Lorthior (1733-1813) du 2 décimes, AN 8, Paris.5 viewsBillon, 20 mm, 2,40 g
A/ REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE, buste de Minerve casqué à gauche.
R/ En trois lignes, 2 // DECIMES // L'AN 8, corne d'abondance et caducée entrecroisés, au-dessous A.
Réfs : Brandon 80
Gabalor
EB1001_scaled.JPG
EB1001 Christ / Legend7 viewsAnonymous attributed to Basil II and Constantine VIII after 989 AD, AE Follis.
Obverse: +EMMA NOVHΛ, IC-XC, Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyS / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines.
References: SB 1812,1813.
Diameter: 33.5mm, Weight: 14.511g.
EB
EB1002_scaled.JPG
EB1002 Christ / Legend5 viewsAnonymous attributed to Basil II and Constantine VIII after 989 AD, AE Follis.
Obverse: +EMMA NOVHΛ, IC-XC, Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyS / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines.
References: SB 1812,1813.
Diameter: 33mm, Weight: 14.249g.
EB
EB1003_scaled.JPG
EB1003 Christ / Legend7 viewsAnonymous attributed to Basil II and Constantine VIII after 989 AD, AE Follis.
Obverse: +EMMA NOVHΛ, IC-XC, Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyS / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines.
References: SB 1812,1813.
Diameter: 32mm, Weight: 10.732g
EB
France_1813_5_Fr.JPG
France, Napoleon Bonaparte, First Reign, 1804 - 181413 viewsObv: NAPOLEON EMPEREUR, laureate head of Napoleon facing right.

Rev: EMPIRE FRANÇAIS – 1813, 5 FRANCS within a laurel wreath.

Silver 5 Francs

Paris mint
SPQR Coins
333477.jpg
GB/England. George III,1760-1820. Eighteenpence Banktoken 1813. BANK OF ENGLAND ISSUE.20 viewsLondon mint. (7.4 g.) S-3772. Ruslan K
germaneastafrika.jpg
German east Africa. Wilhelm II 1888 - 1918. Bronze Heller 1913-J.35 viewsGerman east Africa. Wilhelm II 1888 - 1918. Bronze Heller 1913-J. DEUTSCH OSTAFRIKA, Crown with ribbon above date (1813) / Value within wreath, mint-mark below.

KM 7
oneill6217
pleokdk.jpg
German States, Nassau. Friedrich Wilhelm 1813 copper 1/2 filler42 viewsGerman States, Nassau. Friedrich Wilhelm 1788 - 1816 copper 1/2 filler. HERZ.NASSAUISCHE SCHEID MUNZE, crowned arms / 1/2 FILLER within wreath.

KM C#A2
445,000 minted
oneill6217
1913silvergerans.jpg
German States. Prussia. Wilhelm II 1888 - 1918. .9000 Silver 3-Mark 1913.102 viewsGerman States. Prussia. Wilhelm II 1888 - 1918. .9000 Silver 3-Mark 1913. DER KONIG REIF UND ALLE ALLE KAMEN, scene commemorating the defeat of Napolean, 1813, MIT GOTT FUR KONIG UND VATERIANO 17-3-1813 / DEUTSCHES REICH DREI MARK 1913, Eagle killing serpent.

KM 534
oneill6217
20cent.jpg
German states. Wesphalia. Jerome (Hieronymus) Napoleon 1807 - 1813. .2000 Silver 20-Centimes 1812-C.28 viewsGerman states. Wesphalia. Jerome (Hieronymus) Napoleon 1807 - 1813. .2000 Silver 20-Centimes 1812-C. Crowned HN monogram inside inner circle within wreath / HIERONYMUS NAPOLEON KOEN, Value and mint-mark (C & eagle head) within inner circle, date below.

KM c26
oneill6217
essequebo-and-demarary_half-stiver_1813_obv_07_rev_06.JPG
Guiana - Essequebo and Demarary 1813 Half Stiver token89 viewsEssequebo and Demarary - Guyana, South America
King George III
1813 - Half Stiver token
obv:
GEORGIUS III . D : G . REX.
rev:
COLONIES OF ESSEQUEBO & DEMARARY TOKEN
1813
inside wreath: HALF STUIVER
rexesq
essequebo-and-demarary_half-stiver_1813_obv_02_rev_01.JPG
Guiana - Essequebo and Demarary 1813 Half Stiver token127 viewsEssequebo and Demarary - Guyana, South America
King George III
1813 - Half Stiver token
obv:
GEORGIUS III . D : G . REX.
rev:
COLONIES OF ESSEQUEBO & DEMARARY TOKEN
1813
inside wreath: HALF STUIVER
1 commentsrexesq
1813.jpg
hiersnglevante15941 viewsElagabalus
Hierapolis-Castabala, Cilicia

Obv: AVT K M AVP [ANTΩNINOC]. laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: ΚΑϹΤΑ-ΒΑΛƐⲰΝ. front view of quadriga, horses rearing on hind legs, carrying the black stone of Emesa topped by an eagle.
28 mm, 15.29 gms

SNG Levante 1594, SNG Pfalz 597, RPC VI online 7472
Charles M
Ionia,_Phokaia,_AR-Diobol,_Head_of_archaic_nymph_left,_Quadripartite_incuse_square,_SNG_Cop__389-394_c__late_6th_cent_BC,_Q-001,_0h,_9-9,5mm,_1,27g-s.jpg
Ionia, Phokaia, (c. late 6th. century B.C.), AR-1/12 Stater (AR-Diobol), SNG Cop 389-394, Quadripartite incuse square, #1146 viewsIonia, Phokaia, (c. late 6th. century B.C.), AR-1/12 Stater (AR-Diobol), SNG Cop 389-394, Quadripartite incuse square, #1
avers: Archaic female head right with eye seen in full, wearing a helmet or close-fitting cap (cecryphalos), earring and necklace.
reverse: Quadripartite incuse square divided by raised lines.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 9-9,5 mm, weight: 1,27g, axes: 0 h,
mint: Ionia, Phokaia, date: c. late 6th. century B.C., ref: SNG Cop 389-394, SNGvA 1813, SNG Kayhan 522, Jenkins 19, Traité II-I 531-532,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
italy_kingdom-of-napoleon_1813-Milan_5-soldi_NNC-F15_obv_04_cut.JPG
Italy, Kingdom of Napoleon 1813-M 5 Soldi86 viewsKingdom of Napoleon - 1813 Milan. Silver 5 Soldi.
obv: NAPOLEONE IMPERATORE E REY - ' Napoleon, Emperor and King' - Bare head right, date and privy marks below.
rev: REGNO D'ITALIA - ' Kingdom of Italy' Crown. Denomination and Mintmark below.
rexesq
italy_kingdom-of-napoleon_1813-Milan_5-soldi_NNC-F15_obv_03.JPG
Italy, Kingdom of Napoleon 1813-M 5 Soldi64 viewsKingdom of Napoleon - 1813 Milan. Silver 5 Soldi.
obv: NAPOLEONE IMPERATORE E REY - ' Napoleon, Emperor and King' - Bare head right, date and privy marks below.
rev: REGNO D'ITALIA - ' Kingdom of Italy' Crown. Denomination and Mintmark below.
rexesq
italy_kingdom-of-napoleon_1813-Milan_5-soldi_NNC-F15_obv_02_cut.JPG
Italy, Kingdom of Napoleon 1813-M 5 Soldi42 viewsKingdom of Napoleon - 1813 Milan. Silver 5 Soldi.
obv: NAPOLEONE IMPERATORE E REY - ' Napoleon, Emperor and King' - Bare head right, date and privy marks below.
rev: REGNO D'ITALIA - ' Kingdom of Italy' Crown. Denomination and Mintmark below.
rexesq
italy_kingdom-of-napoleon_1813-Milan_5-soldi_NNC-F15_rev_03.JPG
Italy, Kingdom of Napoleon 1813-M 5 Soldi - rev.36 viewsKingdom of Napoleon - 1813 Milan. Silver 5 Soldi.
obv: NAPOLEONE IMPERATORE E REY - ' Napoleon, Emperor and King' - Bare head right, date and privy marks below.
rev: REGNO D'ITALIA - ' Kingdom of Italy' Crown. Denomination and Mintmark below.
rexesq
italy_kingdom-of-napoleon_5-soldi-milan_01.jpg
Italy, Kingdom of Napoleon 1813-M 5 Soldi.38 viewsKingdom of Napoleon - 1813 Milan. Silver 5 Soldi.
obv: NAPOLEONE IMPERATORE E REY - ' Napoleon, Emperor and King' - Bare head right, date and privy marks below.
rev: REGNO D'ITALIA - ' Kingdom of Italy' Crown. Denomination and Mintmark below.
rexesq
Nacrasa~0.jpg
Lydia, Nacrasa - AE11 viewsc. 98-138 AD
draped youthful bust of Roman Senate right
IEPA CVNKΛHTOC
turreted draped bust of Tyche right
NAKPA_CITΩN
RPC III, 1813; BMC Lydia p. 166, 9; SNG Cop 290; SNGvA 8239; Lindgren III 49
Johny SYSEL
Alexander_III,_AR-Drachm,_Colophon_mint,_Price_1813,_310-301_BC_,_Q-001,_0h,_16,5-17mm,_3,95g-s.jpg
Macedonia, Kings, 016 Alexander III., (The Great, 356-323 B.C.), Price 1813, Colophon, AR-Drachm, Zeus seated on throne left, 101 viewsMacedonia, Kings, 016 Alexander III., (The Great, 356-323 B.C.), Price 1813, Colophon, AR-Drachm, Zeus seated on throne left,
avers: Head of beardless Heracles right wearing lion-skin headdress.
reverse: AΛEΞANΔΡOΥ, Zeus seated on stool-throne left, eagle on outstretched right hand, scepter in left hand, crescent left, Π beneath throne.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17,0mm, weight: 3,95g, axes: 0h,
mint: Macedonia, Kings, Alexander III, The Great, Colophon mint, date: posthumous, c. 310 - c. 301 B.C., ref: Price 1813,
Q-001
quadrans
markianopolis_sev_alex_AMNG1041var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 32. Severus Alexander, HrJ (2014) 6.32.03.11 #128 viewsSeverus Alexander, AD 222-235
AE 25, 9.5mm, 25.41mm, 180°
struck under governor Fir. Philopappus
obv. AVT KM AVR CEV - [ALEZANDROC]
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r. var.
rev. VP FIR FILOPAPPOV MARKIANOPOLITWN (PP and WN ligate)
Hera, in long garment, stg. l., holding patera in extended r. hand and resting with l. hand on sceptre.
ref.: a) AMNG I/1, 1041 var. (has CEV)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1813 (shows the pic of #1810 in error)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.32.3.11 (same dies)
F+, dark green patina, flan break at 9 o'clock

This bust type occurs with legend CEV and CEVH. Here it is difficult to decide.
Jochen
nikopolis_diadum_AMNG1813var.JPG
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 25. Diadumenian, HrHJ (2018) 8.25.36.07 (plate coin)23 viewsDiadumenian, AD 217-218
AE 27, 13.58g, 27.28mm, 195°
struck under governor Marcus Claudius Agrippa
obv. K M OPPEL ANTWNI DIADOVMENIAN - OC
Bare head r.
rev. VP AGRIPPA NIK - OPOLITWN PRC IC / TRW (small o subscribed under RC!)
Homonoia, in long garment and with mantle, wearing kalathos, stg.l., holding
cornucopiae and patera; l. before her burning altar
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 1813 (depiction)
legend with the small o not listed
obv. AMNG I/1, 1813
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3676
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No.8.25.36.7 (plate coin)
about VF

Interesting corrected legend error on rev.: Seems that the die-cutter has forgotten the O of PROC and then added later!
Jochen
Mudie 23~0.JPG
Mudie 23. English Army Crosses the Pyrenees, 1813.55 viewsObv. Head of Wellington right ARTHUR DUKE OF WELLINGTON
Rev. British lion savaging the French eagle amidsts rocky outcroppings THE ENGLISH ARMY PASS THE PYRENEES. Exergue: MDCCCXIII.

Struck to commemorate the crossing of the Pyrenees by the British army in 1813.
LordBest
asklep_perg.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON27 views MYSIA, PERGAMON
2nd century B.C.
Æ (20 mm, 8.68 g, 12 h).
O: Laureate head of Asklepios right
R: [AΣ]KΛEΠIOY [Σ]ΩTHPOΣ, serpent coiled around omphalos; owl to inner left.
Pergamon. BMC Mysia p. 129, 160.
(ex Triskeles Auction)
2 commentslaney
OAXACA_8r.jpg
OAXACA - War of Independence Issue36 viewsOAXACA - War of Independence Issue Cu 8 Reales, 1813. KM #234. These are difficult to find in really nice condition! dpaul7
68002q00.jpg
Phokaia, Ionia, Silver Hemihekte c. 510 - 494 B.C.6 viewsPhokaia, Ionia, Silver Hemihekte c. 510 - 494 B.C.
Phokaia mint, 10.14mm, 1.156 grams, die axis 0 degrees.
Obv: Female head left, wearing earring, hair in sakkos.
Rev: Quadripartite incuse square.
Ref: Klein 452 (diobol); Rosen 596 - 597 (trihemiobol); SNG Kayhan 522 (hemihekta); SNGvA 1813.
F, rough
mjabrial
108~0.JPG
Premier Empire - Napoléon I - 2 francs - 1813 Perpignan4 views.Argent, 27 mm, 9,69 g.
A/ NAPOLEON EMPEREUR, tête de Napoléon laurée à droite.
R/ REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE / 1813 Q, dans une couronne de deux branches de laurier, 2 FRANCS.
Réfs : F.255.63 (253.212 ex.)
Gabalor
107~4.JPG
Premier Empire - Napoléon I - 5 francs - 1813 Limoges3 viewsArgent, 37 mm, 25,06 g.
A/ NAPOLEON EMPEREUR, tête de Napoléon laurée à droite.
R/ REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE / 1813 I, dans une couronne de deux branches de laurier, 5 FRANCS.
Réfs : F.307.64 (2 553 121 ex.)
Gabalor
DomitianCistophorus.jpg
RIC 0841 Domitian Cistophorus133 viewsIMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG P M COS VIII
laureate head of Domitian to right

CA PIT across field, RESTIT in exergue
tetrastyle temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus Capitolinus, containing statues of the Capitoline Triad, Jupiter seated left between standing figures of Juno and Minerva

Ephesus or more likely Rome for circulation in the East
A.D. 82

Rare
10.83g

RIC 841 (C), S.2715, BMC 251, RSC 23, RPC 864

From the MS collection
Ex-G&M auction 147 lot 1813 March 2006
Ex-Calgary Coin
4 commentsJay GT4
18137p00.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - CONSTANTIUS GALLUS28 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 49, VF, 2.381g, 18.8mm, 180o, Sirmium mint, 351 - 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, BSIRM in exdpaul7
minnnnneeeee.jpg
Russia. Alexander I 1801 - 1825. Copper 2 Kopek 1813 HM/EM.16 viewsRussia. Alexander I 1801 - 1825. Copper 2 Kopek 1813 HM/EM. Type II double eagle, crowned, HM below / 2 KOPEK, H.M. below, all within branches

KM 118.3
64,980,000 minted
oneill6217
1813lll.jpg
Russia. Alexander I 1801 - 1825. Copper 2-Kopek 1813 NMnC.13 viewsRussia. Alexander I 1801 - 1825. Copper 2-Kopek 1813 NMnC. Crowned double eagle, date below / Crown divides wreath containing value and mint-mark.

KM c118.4
oneill6217
2kopeksalexII.jpg
Russian Empire. Alexander II 1855 - 1871. Copper 2 Kopeks. 1812, 1813, 18141 viewsRussian Empire. Alexander II 1855 - 1871. Copper 2 Kopeks. 1812, 1813, 1814. Crowned double eagle over date and mint-mark / Crown dividing wreath that contains value, date, and mint-mark.

KM 118.6
oneill6217
LarryW1813.jpg
S.196 C. Coelius Caldus30 viewsAR denarius, 18mm, 3.86g, Nice VF
Struck 104 BC at Rome
Helmeted head of Roma left / Victory in biga left, F• above. C.COIL below, CALD in exg.
Sear 196; Cr 318/1a; Syd 582; Coelia 2
1 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
sb1813__23mm_678g.jpg
sb1813 or 1818 poss provincial mint/clipped/blundered10 viewsObv:+EMMA NOVHL,
IC XC across field, facing bust of Christ,
nimbate, raising hand in benediction, holding
Gospels; nimbus with ? in arms of cross
Rev:+IhSUS
XRISTUS bASILEU' bASILE' in four lines
Unrecorded ornamentation
Mint:?
976-1025

23mm
6.78g
sbvc 1813 or 1818
wileyc
Anon_A2_Type_3_[2].jpg
Sear 181325 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 13.05g, diameter 32mm. Type 3 ornamentation.Abu Galyon
AnonA2_41.jpg
Sear 181389 viewsAnonymous Class A2 Follis. Weight 12.1g, diameter 28mm. Type 41 ornamentation. Abu Galyon
Sear_1813_Anon_A2_Type_1.jpg
Sear 181359 viewsAnonymous Class A2 Follis. Weight 15.4 g., diameter 35mm, type 1 ornamentation. Mint of Constantinople.Abu Galyon
Sear_1813_Anon__A2_Type_26.jpg
Sear 181372 viewsAnonymous Class A2 Follis Weight 15.4g, diameter 32mm. Type 26 ornamentation. The reverse inscription is somewhat blundered (not infrequent on ‘type 26’ coins). Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_41_[3].jpg
Sear 181336 viewsAnonymous Class A2 Follis. Weight 12.84g, diameter 30mm. Type 41 ornamentation.Abu Galyon
Sear_1813_Anon_A2_Type_14.jpg
Sear 181351 viewsAnonymous Class A2 Follis, weight 16g, diameter 32mm. Type 14 ornamentation. Mint of Constantinople.Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_50.jpg
Sear 181332 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 14.8g, diameter 33mm, type 50 ornamentation. The final word of the inscription is blundered [BASLE, which should read BASILE]. Abu Galyon
Sear_1813_Type_8.jpg
Sear 181345 viewsAnonymous Class A2 Follis, weight 12.5g, diameter 32mm. Type 8 ornamentation, which is one of the varieties having a lighter standard weight, attributed on hoard evidence to an unidentified Greek mint. Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_16.jpg
Sear 181381 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 18.1 g, diameter 35 mm, type 16 ornamentation. Mint of Constantinople.1 commentsAbu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_4.jpg
Sear 181343 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 14.2g, diameter 31mm. Type 4 ornamentation, one of the putative ‘central Greek’ varieties, which appear frequently among the Athens and Corinth finds.Abu Galyon
Sear_1813_Type_26_[2].jpg
Sear 181342 viewsAnonymous Class A2 Follis, weight 12.1g, diameter 33mm. Type 26 ornamentation. Likely to be the product of a provincial mint. Abu Galyon
AnonA2_Type_48.jpg
Sear 181345 viewsAnonymous Class A2 Follis, weight 18.9g, diameter 35mm. Type 48 ornamentation. One of the big, full weight 'metropolitan' varieties, probably originating at the Constantinople mint. Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_9.jpg
Sear 181344 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 18.0g, diameter 33mm. Type 9 ornamentation. Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_36.jpg
Sear 181335 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 17.25g , diameter 33mm. Type 36 ornamentation.Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_34.jpg
Sear 181367 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 14.7g, diameter 30mm. Type 34 ornamentation. A scarce ornamentation variety, generally ascribed to an unknown Greek provincial mint.Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_F14c.jpg
Sear 181374 viewsAnonymous A2 follis, weight 12.45g, diameter 30mm. A previously undocumented ornamentation variety, which has now been included in the Numiswiki table as F14c. Note the retrograde IC in the obverse right field and the somewhat odd spacing between letters in the reverse legend: possibly a contemporary imitation, though the style and fabric are better than normally found on ‘unofficial’ issues.1 commentsAbu Galyon
AnonA2_Type_16a.jpg
Sear 181340 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 21.45g, diameter 34mm, type 16a ornamentation. Mint of Constantinople.Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_3.jpg
Sear 181332 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 14.09g, diameter 33mm. Type 3 ornamentation, one of the putative ‘central Greek’ varieties, which appear frequently among the Athens and Corinth finds.Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_17.jpg
Sear 181343 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 18.58g, diameter 34mm. Type 18 ornamentation.Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_7.jpg
Sear 181328 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 13.23g, diameter 30mm. Type 7 ornamentation. Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_type_40.jpg
Sear 181388 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 11.34g, diameter 30mm. Type 40 ornamentation. Inspection of the edge leads me to think that this specimen may have been mounted as a medallion or piece of jewellery at some point in its history, with its flan trimmed accordingly. 2 commentsAbu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_5.jpg
Sear 181357 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 14.39g, diameter 33mm. Type 5 ornamentation, one of the putative ‘central Greek’ varieties, which appear frequently among the Athens and Corinth finds.1 commentsAbu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_41_[2].jpg
Sear 181318 viewsAnonymous Class A2 Follis. Weight 11.21g, diameter 30mm. Type 41 ornamentation.Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_50~0.jpg
Sear 181321 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 13.87g , diameter 34mm. Type 50 ornamentation.Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_40a.jpg
Sear 181350 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 18.47g, diameter 34mm. Type 40a ornamentation.1 commentsAbu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_34_[2].jpg
Sear 181318 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 16.57g, diameter 32mm. Type 34 ornamentation. This ornamentation type is usually thought to be the product of a provincial mint.Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_41_[4].jpg
Sear 181321 viewsAnonymous Class A2 Follis. Weight 11.47g, diameter 29mm. Type 41 ornamentation.Abu Galyon
Sear_1813_Type_26_[3].jpg
Sear 181322 viewsAnonymous Class A2 Follis Weight 12.56g, diameter 33mm. Type 26 ornamentation. The reverse inscription is missing the final letter S on each of the first two lines. Likely to derive from a provincial mint. Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_40_6th_Century_undertype.jpg
Sear 181323 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 16.62g, diameter 32mm. Type 40 ornamentation.

The undertype (traces visible on both sides) is a sixth century follis of Justin or Justinian. Overstriking is common in Byzantine coinage, but this specimen is quite a curiosity because the time interval between strikes cannot be less than about 450 years.
Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_2.jpg
Sear 181323 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 13.42g, diameter 32mm. Type 2 ornamentation, one of the putative ‘central Greek’ varieties, which appear frequently among the Athens and Corinth finds.Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_50_[3].jpg
Sear 181320 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 13.56g , diameter 34mm. Type 50 ornamentation.Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_2_[2].jpg
Sear 181314 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 13.99g, diameter 33mm. Type 2 ornamentation.Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_23.jpg
Sear 181323 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 11.83g, diameter 35mm. Type 23 ornamentation.Abu Galyon
AnonA2_Type_26_[4].jpg
Sear 181320 viewsAnonymous Class A2 Follis. Weight 11.92 g., diameter 32mm, type 26 ornamentation. Probably from a provincial mint.Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_48_[2].jpg
Sear 181318 viewsAnonymous Class A2 Follis, weight 17.59g, diameter 34mm. Type 48 ornamentation. One of the big, full weight 'metropolitan' varieties, probably originating at the Constantinople mint.Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_49.jpg
Sear 181321 viewsAnonymous Class A2 Follis, weight 16.75g, diameter 34mm. Type 49 ornamentation. Another 'metropolitan' full weight, large flan variety, likely a product of the Constantinople mint.Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_6.jpg
Sear 181318 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 20.1g, diameter 34mm. Type 6 ornamentation.Abu Galyon
Anon_A2_Type_50_[4].jpg
Sear 181315 viewsAnonymous Class A2 follis, weight 13.92g , diameter 35mm. Type 50 ornamentation.Abu Galyon
Sear_1813_Type_45_Mardin_21.jpg
Sear 1818 (with Mardin c/m 21) 122 viewsHost coin: anonymous Class A3 follis, weight 6.2g, diameter 27mm, with type 45 ornamentation. Mardin type 21 countermark on the obverse, the word Najm [= ‘star’, part of an honorific]: Artuqid, attributed to Najm al-din [‘Star of the faith’] Alpi (1152 – 1176 CE). Countermark presumably affixed at the Artuqid mint at Mardin.Abu Galyon
Eugène_-_Silique_.png
Siliqua Eugenius20 viewssilique Eugène A/ D N EVGENI-VS P F AVG, buste barbu, diadémé (diadème de perles), drapé et cuirassé à droite, R/ [VRBS-ROMA], Rome assise a gauche sur une cuirasse, tenant un globe surmonté d’une victoire et une haste renversée, LVGP[S] à l’exergue – Lyon– 392/394 – RIC.46 (R) – Cohen 72 – 1,1 g

http://www.nummus-bible-database.com/monnaie-18136.htm
nemesis25
SPAIN_JOSE_NAP_4_REALES.jpg
SPAIN - Jose Napoleon79 viewsSPAIN - Jose Napoleon (1808-1813) AR 4 Reales, 1811. Obv.: Bust left, .IOSEPH.NAP. DEI.GRATIA. 1811. Reverse: Crowned arms (with French eagle centered), HISPANIARUM ET IND. REX. (crowned)M . A.I. Madrid mint. Reference: KM#540.1dpaul7
Spain- Taragona- Entrance to the Roman Circus.jpg
Spain- Taragona- Entrance to the Roman Circus and Provicial Forum29 viewsThe Roman Circus


The circus was the most popular of the buildings used for spectacles during Roman times. This was where chariot races were held (with two or four horse chariots). It was build in the late 1st century AD and was part of a large monumental area organized into three terraces, of which it occupied the lower one. The circus is exceptionally well preserved and sections of the ruins can be seen in some of the business in the Placa de la Font (square) and Trinquet Vell Street, as well as in the interior of the Pizzeria Pulvinar and in the Placa Sedassos.
The circus was constructed on strong cement vaults that served a twin purpose. They were the foundations on which the stands, staircases and upper platforms were built, as well as the interior corridors through which the spectators could move about the whole building. It was in use until the 5th century.
During the Middle Age (12th and 13th centuries) the wall separating the circus and forum was turned into a defensive wall (Mur vell). The area of the circus remained outside the walls. It became known as the “corral” and was used for industrial and mercantile activities. In the time of king Pere III “the Ceremonious” the threat of war caused it to be reincorporated into the walled area when a second defensive line known as La Muralleta was built along the façade of the circus in 1368.
The circus was partially destroyed by Napoleon´s troops in 1813.

Provincial Forum

The Provincial Forum was built in the upper part of the city around the year 73 AD, during the time of the emperor Vespasian, and functed as the political and economic administrative center of the province.
It was laid out on two terraces, taking advantage of the slope of the terrain. The upper terrace was the site of the Imperial worship area, and lower terrace housed the Plaza of Representation, from where the whole province was administered. This is where such important buildings as the tabularium (state archive) and the arca (state treasury) were located.
The Forum was a large square with gardens and was bordered on three sides by colonnades and a series of galleries situated on different levels. To provide access to the different areas there were lateral towers housing stairways. The Praetorian Tower was one of these.
With the restoration of the city after 1129, the tower was converted into a residence, initially for the Norman, Robert Bordet. From 1171, it was the King´s castle and for brief periods members of the royal family lived there. During the time of James I and also of Peter III it underwent major restauration work.
By the end of the 15th century the building was no longer used as a royal residence. It took on a military role until the arrival in the city of Napoleon´s army in 1811. From the middle of the 19th century it was the Provincial Prison, and since 1971 it has been a museum
John Schou
Spain- Taragona- Roman Circus inside 1.jpg
Spain- Taragona- Roman Circus inside 126 viewsThe Roman Circus

The circus was the most popular of the buildings used for spectacles during Roman times. This was where chariot races were held (with two or four horse chariots). It was build in the late 1st century AD and was part of a large monumental area organized into three terraces, of which it occupied the lower one. The circus is exceptionally well preserved and sections of the ruins can be seen in some of the business in the Placa de la Font (square) and Trinquet Vell Street, as well as in the interior of the Pizzeria Pulvinar and in the Placa Sedassos.
The circus was constructed on strong cement vaults that served a twin purpose. They were the foundations on which the stands, staircases and upper platforms were built, as well as the interior corridors through which the spectators could move about the whole building. It was in use until the 5th century.
During the Middle Age (12th and 13th centuries) the wall separating the circus and forum was turned into a defensive wall (Mur vell). The area of the circus remained outside the walls. It became known as the “corral” and was used for industrial and mercantile activities. In the time of king Pere III “the Ceremonious” the threat of war caused it to be reincorporated into the walled area when a second defensive line known as La Muralleta was built along the façade of the circus in 1368.
The circus was partially destroyed by Napoleon´s troops in 1813.
John Schou
Spain- Taragona- Roman Circus inside Tunnels.jpg
Spain- Taragona- Roman Circus inside Tunnels31 viewsThe Roman Circus


The circus was the most popular of the buildings used for spectacles during Roman times. This was where chariot races were held (with two or four horse chariots). It was build in the late 1st century AD and was part of a large monumental area organized into three terraces, of which it occupied the lower one. The circus is exceptionally well preserved and sections of the ruins can be seen in some of the business in the Placa de la Font (square) and Trinquet Vell Street, as well as in the interior of the Pizzeria Pulvinar and in the Placa Sedassos.
The circus was constructed on strong cement vaults that served a twin purpose. They were the foundations on which the stands, staircases and upper platforms were built, as well as the interior corridors through which the spectators could move about the whole building. It was in use until the 5th century.
During the Middle Age (12th and 13th centuries) the wall separating the circus and forum was turned into a defensive wall (Mur vell). The area of the circus remained outside the walls. It became known as the “corral” and was used for industrial and mercantile activities. In the time of king Pere III “the Ceremonious” the threat of war caused it to be reincorporated into the walled area when a second defensive line known as La Muralleta was built along the façade of the circus in 1368.
The circus was partially destroyed by Napoleon´s troops in 1813.

Provincial Forum

The Provincial Forum was built in the upper part of the city around the year 73 AD, during the time of the emperor Vespasian, and functed as the political and economic administrative center of the province.
It was laid out on two terraces, taking advantage of the slope of the terrain. The upper terrace was the site of the Imperial worship area, and lower terrace housed the Plaza of Representation, from where the whole province was administered. This is where such important buildings as the tabularium (state archive) and the arca (state treasury) were located.
The Forum was a large square with gardens and was bordered on three sides by colonnades and a series of galleries situated on different levels. To provide access to the different areas there were lateral towers housing stairways. The Praetorian Tower was one of these.
With the restoration of the city after 1129, the tower was converted into a residence, initially for the Norman, Robert Bordet. From 1171, it was the King´s castle and for brief periods members of the royal family lived there. During the time of James I and also of Peter III it underwent major restauration work.
By the end of the 15th century the building was no longer used as a royal residence. It took on a military role until the arrival in the city of Napoleon´s army in 1811. From the middle of the 19th century it was the Provincial Prison, and since 1971 it has been a museum
John Schou
Spain- Taragona- Roman Circus inside Tunnels 1.jpg
Spain- Taragona- Roman Circus inside Tunnels 119 viewsThe Roman Circus


The circus was the most popular of the buildings used for spectacles during Roman times. This was where chariot races were held (with two or four horse chariots). It was build in the late 1st century AD and was part of a large monumental area organized into three terraces, of which it occupied the lower one. The circus is exceptionally well preserved and sections of the ruins can be seen in some of the business in the Placa de la Font (square) and Trinquet Vell Street, as well as in the interior of the Pizzeria Pulvinar and in the Placa Sedassos.
The circus was constructed on strong cement vaults that served a twin purpose. They were the foundations on which the stands, staircases and upper platforms were built, as well as the interior corridors through which the spectators could move about the whole building. It was in use until the 5th century.
During the Middle Age (12th and 13th centuries) the wall separating the circus and forum was turned into a defensive wall (Mur vell). The area of the circus remained outside the walls. It became known as the “corral” and was used for industrial and mercantile activities. In the time of king Pere III “the Ceremonious” the threat of war caused it to be reincorporated into the walled area when a second defensive line known as La Muralleta was built along the façade of the circus in 1368.
The circus was partially destroyed by Napoleon´s troops in 1813.

Provincial Forum

The Provincial Forum was built in the upper part of the city around the year 73 AD, during the time of the emperor Vespasian, and functed as the political and economic administrative center of the province.
It was laid out on two terraces, taking advantage of the slope of the terrain. The upper terrace was the site of the Imperial worship area, and lower terrace housed the Plaza of Representation, from where the whole province was administered. This is where such important buildings as the tabularium (state archive) and the arca (state treasury) were located.
The Forum was a large square with gardens and was bordered on three sides by colonnades and a series of galleries situated on different levels. To provide access to the different areas there were lateral towers housing stairways. The Praetorian Tower was one of these.
With the restoration of the city after 1129, the tower was converted into a residence, initially for the Norman, Robert Bordet. From 1171, it was the King´s castle and for brief periods members of the royal family lived there. During the time of James I and also of Peter III it underwent major restauration work.
By the end of the 15th century the building was no longer used as a royal residence. It took on a military role until the arrival in the city of Napoleon´s army in 1811. From the middle of the 19th century it was the Provincial Prison, and since 1971 it has been a museum
John Schou
Spain- Taragona- Roman Circus Model.jpg
Spain- Taragona- Roman Circus Model21 viewsThe Roman Circus


The circus was the most popular of the buildings used for spectacles during Roman times. This was where chariot races were held (with two or four horse chariots). It was build in the late 1st century AD and was part of a large monumental area organized into three terraces, of which it occupied the lower one. The circus is exceptionally well preserved and sections of the ruins can be seen in some of the business in the Placa de la Font (square) and Trinquet Vell Street, as well as in the interior of the Pizzeria Pulvinar and in the Placa Sedassos.
The circus was constructed on strong cement vaults that served a twin purpose. They were the foundations on which the stands, staircases and upper platforms were built, as well as the interior corridors through which the spectators could move about the whole building. It was in use until the 5th century.
During the Middle Age (12th and 13th centuries) the wall separating the circus and forum was turned into a defensive wall (Mur vell). The area of the circus remained outside the walls. It became known as the “corral” and was used for industrial and mercantile activities. In the time of king Pere III “the Ceremonious” the threat of war caused it to be reincorporated into the walled area when a second defensive line known as La Muralleta was built along the façade of the circus in 1368.
The circus was partially destroyed by Napoleon´s troops in 1813.

Provincial Forum

The Provincial Forum was built in the upper part of the city around the year 73 AD, during the time of the emperor Vespasian, and functed as the political and economic administrative center of the province.
It was laid out on two terraces, taking advantage of the slope of the terrain. The upper terrace was the site of the Imperial worship area, and lower terrace housed the Plaza of Representation, from where the whole province was administered. This is where such important buildings as the tabularium (state archive) and the arca (state treasury) were located.
The Forum was a large square with gardens and was bordered on three sides by colonnades and a series of galleries situated on different levels. To provide access to the different areas there were lateral towers housing stairways. The Praetorian Tower was one of these.
With the restoration of the city after 1129, the tower was converted into a residence, initially for the Norman, Robert Bordet. From 1171, it was the King´s castle and for brief periods members of the royal family lived there. During the time of James I and also of Peter III it underwent major restauration work.
By the end of the 15th century the building was no longer used as a royal residence. It took on a military role until the arrival in the city of Napoleon´s army in 1811. From the middle of the 19th century it was the Provincial Prison, and since 1971 it has been a museum
John Schou
Spain- Taragona- Roman Circus Model fracture.jpg
Spain- Taragona- Roman Circus Model fracture37 viewsThe Roman Circus


The circus was the most popular of the buildings used for spectacles during Roman times. This was where chariot races were held (with two or four horse chariots). It was build in the late 1st century AD and was part of a large monumental area organized into three terraces, of which it occupied the lower one. The circus is exceptionally well preserved and sections of the ruins can be seen in some of the business in the Placa de la Font (square) and Trinquet Vell Street, as well as in the interior of the Pizzeria Pulvinar and in the Placa Sedassos.
The circus was constructed on strong cement vaults that served a twin purpose. They were the foundations on which the stands, staircases and upper platforms were built, as well as the interior corridors through which the spectators could move about the whole building. It was in use until the 5th century.
During the Middle Age (12th and 13th centuries) the wall separating the circus and forum was turned into a defensive wall (Mur vell). The area of the circus remained outside the walls. It became known as the “corral” and was used for industrial and mercantile activities. In the time of king Pere III “the Ceremonious” the threat of war caused it to be reincorporated into the walled area when a second defensive line known as La Muralleta was built along the façade of the circus in 1368.
The circus was partially destroyed by Napoleon´s troops in 1813.

Provincial Forum

The Provincial Forum was built in the upper part of the city around the year 73 AD, during the time of the emperor Vespasian, and functed as the political and economic administrative center of the province.
It was laid out on two terraces, taking advantage of the slope of the terrain. The upper terrace was the site of the Imperial worship area, and lower terrace housed the Plaza of Representation, from where the whole province was administered. This is where such important buildings as the tabularium (state archive) and the arca (state treasury) were located.
The Forum was a large square with gardens and was bordered on three sides by colonnades and a series of galleries situated on different levels. To provide access to the different areas there were lateral towers housing stairways. The Praetorian Tower was one of these.
With the restoration of the city after 1129, the tower was converted into a residence, initially for the Norman, Robert Bordet. From 1171, it was the King´s castle and for brief periods members of the royal family lived there. During the time of James I and also of Peter III it underwent major restauration work.
By the end of the 15th century the building was no longer used as a royal residence. It took on a military role until the arrival in the city of Napoleon´s army in 1811. From the middle of the 19th century it was the Provincial Prison, and since 1971 it has been a museum
John Schou
4359_(1)_4360_(1).jpg
Valentinian I, AE3, GLORIA ROMANORVM5 viewsAE3
Valentinian I
Augustus: 364 - 375AD
Issued: 364 - 367AD
18.0mm 2.40gr
O: DNS VALENTINIANVS PF AVG; Pearl-diademed, draped bust, right.
R: GLORIA ROMANORVM; Valentinian I advancing right, holding labarum and dragging captive.
Exergue: SMHB
Heraclea Mint
RIC IX, 3a.
Aorta: 397: B2, O2, R5, T10, M7.
okta2000-2013 271813287648
3/28/15 4/28/17
Nicholas Z
WALDECK-PYRMONT_HALF_MARIENGROSCHEN.jpg
WALDECK-PYRMONT - GEORG FRIEDRICH HEINRICH31 viewsWALDECK-PYRMONT - GEORG FRIEDRICH HEINRICH (1813-1845) Copper 1/2 Mariengroschen. 1825. Obv.: Arms under crowed drapery. FURSTL . WALDECK LAN MUNZE. Rev.: 1/2 / MARIEN / GROSCHEN / 1825 / ------ / F. W. Reference: KM #141dpaul7
   
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