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27655389_527891797593670_2513374995726357633_n.jpg
7 viewsAntonivs Protti
philippe6-gros-couronne-1ere.JPG
Dy.262 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la couronne, 1st emission7 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la couronne, 1st emission (01/01/1337)

Silver (851 ‰), 2.51 g, diameter 25 mm, die axis 5h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

Philip VI is the first non direct capetian king. He was the cousin of the 3 previous kings.
The Gros tournois hadn't changed since its creation by Saint Louis. During Philip VI's reign, 3 new types of Gros were struck, with lighter weight and less silver. These monetary difficulties may be related to the premisses of the One Hundred Years' war and French military defeats.

The 3 bullets in the chatel (without any star below) are characteristic of the 1st emission.
Droger
Caracalla,_Pisidia_Antioch_Caracalla_Genius_Branch_Q-001_0h,_6,06_g_,_22_mm-sa.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Pisidia, Antioch, SNG Righetti 1337, AE-22, -/-//--, ANTIOCH GEN COL CA, Fortuna or female Genius standing left, #1103 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Pisidia, Antioch, SNG Righetti 1337, AE-22, -/-//--, ANTIOCH GEN COL CA, Fortuna or female Genius standing left, #1
avers: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
reverse: ANTIOCH GEN COL CA, Fortuna or female Genius standing left, holding branch and cornucopiae.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 6,06g, axis: 0h,
mint: Pisidia, Antioch, date: 198-203 A.D., ref: SNG Righetti 1337, SNG Leypold II 1994,
Q-001
quadrans
1337_P_Hadrian_RPC.jpg
0972 Hadrian, Cistophorus BITHYNIA Koinon of Bithynia mint, Male in octastyle temple15 viewsReference.
cf RPC III, 974; cf Metcalf B8

Issue Reverse legend includes COM BIT

Obv. IMP CAES TRA HADRIANO AVG P P
Laureate head right

Rev. COM - BIT (in field), ROM S P AVG (in entablature)
Tetrastyle temple on podium of three steps; within, togate male standing left. holding spear in r. and Victory in left

10.46 gr
26 mm
11h
2 commentsokidoki
HENRY_II_Tealby_AR_Penny.JPG
1154 - 1189, HENRY II, AR 'Tealby' Penny, Struck 1158 - 1163 at Canterbury (?), England34 viewsObverse: (HE)NRI • R(EX• A -). Crowned facing bust of Henry II, his head facing slightly to the left, holding sceptre tipped with a cross potent in his right hand. Crown has three vertical uprights each topped by a fleur-de-lis.
Reverse: + (ROGI)ER : ON : (C)A(NT) surrounding short cross potent within beaded circle, small cross potents in each quarter. Moneyer: Rogier, cognate with the modern English name of Roger. Mintmark: Cross potent.
Uncommonly clear Class A bust
Diameter: 20mm | Weight: 1.3gms | Die Axis: 4
Flan chipped and cracked
SPINK: 1337

For the first few years of Henry II's reign the coins of King Stephen continued to be produced, but in 1158, in order to restore public confidence in the currency, a new 'cross and crosslet' coinage was introduced in England which was of sufficient importance for the contemporary chroniclers to record that 'a new money was made, which was the sole currency of the kingdom.' While this coinage was acceptable in terms of weight and silver quality, it is notorious for its ugly appearance, bad craftsmanship and careless execution. In fact the 'Tealby' coinage is among the worst struck of any issue of English regal coinage, so much so that collectors consider it something of a bonus if they are able to make out the name of the moneyer, or the mint, from the letters showing.
The cross and crosslet type coinage of King Henry II is more often called 'Tealby' because of the enormous hoard of these coins which was found in late 1807 at Bayons Manor farm near Tealby in Lincolnshire. This hoard, which originally amounted to over 5,700 pieces, was first reported in the Stamford Mercury of the 6th November 1807, but unfortunately the majority of the coins, more than 5,000 of them, were sent to be melted at the Tower of London and only some 600 pieces were saved for national and important private collections.
A total of 30 mints were employed in the initial 'Tealby' recoinage, however once the recoinage was completed only 12 mints were permitted to remain active and this marks the beginning of the gradual decline in the number of mints which were used to strike English coins.
The 'Tealby' issue continued until 1180 when a new style coin of much better workmanship, the short-cross penny, was introduced.
1 comments*Alex
Edward_III_AR_Penny.JPG
1327 - 1377, EDWARD III, AR Penny, Treaty Period, struck 1361 – 1369 at London, England12 viewsObverse: + EDWARDVS REX ANGLI. Crowned bust of Edward III facing within circle of pellets. Cross pattée in legend.
Reverse: CIVITAS LONDON. Long cross dividing legend into quarters, trefoil and annulet in each quarter of inner circle.
This coin was struck during the period of the Treaty of Brétigny under which Edward III renounced his claim to the French throne.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.0gms | Die Axis: 10
SPINK: 1630

Edward III was King of England from January 1327 until his death. He is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II. During his long reign Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most formidable military powers in Europe. His reign also saw vital developments in legislation and government, in particular the evolution of the English parliament, though it also saw the ravages of the Black Death.
Edward was crowned at the age of fourteen after his father was deposed by his mother, Isabella of France, and her lover Roger Mortimer. But at the age of seventeen he led a successful coup d'état against Mortimer, whom he executed, and began his personal reign.
In 1337, after a successful campaign in Scotland, Edward declared himself the rightful heir to the French throne which started what was to become known as the Hundred Years' War. Following some initial setbacks, the first part of this war went exceptionally well for England, the victories at Crécy and Poitiers led to the highly favourable Treaty of Brétigny in which, though Edward renounced his claim to the French throne, England made great territorial gains. However Edward's later years were marked by international failure and domestic strife, largely as a result of his inactivity and poor health.
Around 29 September 1376 Edward fell ill with a large abscess and, after a brief period of recovery, the king died of a stroke at Sheen on 21 June. He was succeeded by his ten-year-old grandson, King Richard II, since the Black Prince, Edward's son and Richard's father, had predeceased Edward on 8 June 1376.
2 comments*Alex
Henry_VI_AR_Halfpenny.JPG
1422 - 1461, HENRY VI (First Reign), AR Halfpenny, Struck 1430 - 1434 at Calais, France31 viewsObverse: HENRICVS (pinecone) REX (mascle) ANGL. Crowned facing bust of Henry VI within circle of pellets. Mintmark: Cross patonce in legend.
Reverse: VIL(mascle)LA CALISIE (pinecone). Long cross pattée dividing legend around inner circle of pellets into quarters, trefoil in each quarter of circle.
Diameter: 15mm | Weight: 0.45gms
SPINK: 1885

This issue of coins is known as the pinecone-mascle issue because these symbols are incorporated in the obverse and reverse legends. This issue was struck between 1430 and 1434 at the mints of London and Calais.

Henry VI was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471. The only child of Henry V, he succeeded to the English throne at the age of nine months when his father died.
This was during the period of the long-running Hundred Years' War (1337–1453) and Henry is the only English monarch to also have been crowned King of France (as Henri II), in 1431. During his early reign several people were ruling for him and by the time Henry was declared fit to rule in 1437 he found his realm in a difficult position, faced with setbacks in France and divisions among the nobility at home. Henry is described as timid, shy, passive, well-intentioned, and averse to warfare and violence; he was also at times mentally unstable. Partially in the hope of achieving peace, Henry married the ambitious and strong-willed Margaret of Anjou in 1445. The peace policy failed and the war recommenced with France taking the upper hand such that by 1453 Calais was Henry's only remaining territory on the continent.
With Henry effectively unfit to rule, Queen Margaret took advantage of the situation to make herself an effective power behind the throne. Starting around 1453 Henry began suffering a series of mental breakdowns and tensions mounted between Margaret and Richard of York, not only over control of the incapacitated king's government, but over the question of succession to the throne. Civil war broke out in 1459, leading to a long period of dynastic conflict, now known as the Wars of the Roses. Henry was deposed on 29th March 1461 after a crushing defeat at the Battle of Towton by Richard of York's son, who took the throne as Edward IV. Margaret continuing to resist Edward, but Henry was captured by Edward's forces in 1465 and imprisoned in the Tower of London.
Queen Margaret, who was first exiled in Scotland and then in France, was still determined to win back the throne on behalf of her husband and son. So, when Edward IV fell out with two of his main supporters, Richard Neville the Earl of Warwick and George the Duke of Clarence, Margaret formed a secret alliance with them backed by Louis XI of France. Warwick returned with an army to England, forced Edward IV into exile, and restored Henry VI to the throne on 30th October 1470, though Henry's position was nominal as Warwick and Clarence effectively ruled in his name.
But Henry's return to the throne lasted less than six months. Warwick overreached himself by declaring war on Burgundy, whose ruler responded by giving Edward IV the assistance he needed to win back his throne by force. Edward retook power in 1471, killing Warwick at the Battle of Barnet and Henry's only son at the Battle of Tewkesbury. Henry was again imprisoned in the Tower where, during the night of 21st May he died, possibly killed on Edward's orders.
2 comments*Alex
10734263_745860875450826_1812360881337081506_n.jpg
260 Claudius II17 viewsClaudius II
Ć Antoninianus

Mediolanum (Milan) mint, 2nd officina, 2nd emission, (mid 269 – spring 270 A.D.)

Obv: IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped bust of Claudius II right
Rev: FIDES MILIT, S in ex , Fides standing left holding standards in each hand
RIC 149
Randygeki(h2)
1315_P_Sabina_RPC6070.jpg
6070 EGYPT, Alexandria Sabina Hemidrachm 134-35 AD Dikaiosyne standing21 viewsReference.
RPC III, 6070; Köln 1268; Emmett 1337.19; Dattari-2067; K&G-33.9

Issue L ƐΝΝƐΑΚ·Δ

Obv. ϹΑΒΙΝΑ ϹƐΒΑϹΤΗ
Bust of Sabina (hair on top of head), r., and crowned with poppy head

Rev. L ƐΝΝƐΑΚ·Δ
Dikaiosyne standing facing, head l., holding scales and cornucopia

12.26 gr
30 mm
12h
4 commentsokidoki
253-3-horz.jpg
Anglo-Gallic Coinage, Edward The Black Prince, 1355-1375 Aquitaine33 viewsPoitiers Mint

Hardi d'Argent (type of coin) - Roberts #6832

Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall, Prince of Aquitaine, KG (1330 –1376) was the eldest son of King Edward III of England and his wife Philippa of Hainault as well as father to King Richard II of England.

He was called Edward of Woodstock in his early life, after his birthplace, and has more recently been popularly known as the Black Prince. He was an exceptional military leader, and his victories over the French at the Battles of Crécy and Poitiers made him very popular during his lifetime. In 1348 he became the first Knight of the Garter, of whose Order he was one of the founders.

Edward died one year before his father, becoming the first English Prince of Wales not to become King of England. The throne passed instead to his son Richard II, a minor, upon the death of Edward III.

Edward was created Earl of Chester on 18 May 1333, Duke of Cornwall on 17 March 1337 (the first creation of an English duke) and finally invested as Prince of Wales on 12 May 1343 when he was almost thirteen years old.

The seller of this coin sent it to me in the dealer envelope it was purchased in many decades ago. The price on the envelope was $2.25 and it was graded UNC.

Purchased on eBay

NGC XF-45 – An exceptional grade

Cost $315
1 commentsRichard M10
sb2584.jpg
Anonymous Politikon issue SB 258427 viewsObverse: +RWMAIWN (theta)VAA# around cross (Guardian of the Romans).
Reverse: same as obverse
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1320-1350 CE
Sear 2584, Gr 1337
19mm 1.84g
wileyc
ARMENIA__Levon_I_(1189-1219)__AR_Tram__Coronation_issue__Armenian_Coins_289__Q-001_0h_21-22mm_3,02g-s.jpg
Armenia, Levon I. (1189-1219 A.D.), AR Tram, Cilician Armenia, Nercessian, Armenian Coins 289, Two lion with Cross, #1116 viewsArmenia, Levon I. (1189-1219 A.D.), AR Tram, Cilician Armenia, Nercessian, Armenian Coins 289, Two lion with Cross, #1
avers: ✠ ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳ[ԱՒ]ՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (= Lewon Tagawor Hayots = Levon, King of the Armenians), Levon seated facing on throne decorated with lions, holding cross and lis-tipped scepter.
reverse: ✠ ԿԱՐՈՂՈՒԹԲՆ Ա[ՍՏ]ՈՒԾ (= Karogowt eambn astowtzoy = By the will of God), Two lions rampant back-to-back, each with head reverted, between, cross pattée set on spear.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 21,0-22,0mm, weight: 3,02g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cilician Armenia, date: 1189-1219 A.D., ref: Nercessian, Armenian Coins 289,
Q-001
quadrans
Armenia,_Levon_I__(1189-1219_A_D_),_AR_Tram,_Cilician_Armenia,_Nercessian_289,_Q-002_h,_22mm,_3,0g-s.jpg
Armenia, Levon I. (1189-1219 A.D.), AR Tram, Cilician Armenia, Nercessian, Armenian Coins 289, Two lion with Cross, #2125 viewsArmenia, Levon I. (1189-1219 A.D.), AR Tram, Cilician Armenia, Nercessian, Armenian Coins 289, Two lion with Cross, #2
avers: ✠ ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳ[ԱՒ]ՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (= Lewon Tagawor Hayots = Levon, King of the Armenians), Levon seated facing on throne decorated with lions with left foot turned outward, holding cross and lis-tipped scepter.
reverse: ✠ ԿԱՐՈՂՈՒԹԲՆ Ա[ՍՏ]ՈՒԾ (= Karogowt eambn astowtzoy = By the will of God), Two lions rampant back-to-back, each with head reverted, between, cross pattée set on spear.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 21,0-22,0mm, weight: 3,00g, axis: 5h,
mint: Cilician Armenia, date: 1189-1219 A.D., ref: Nercessian, Armenian Coins 289,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
ARMENIA__Levon_III_(1301-1307),_AE_Kardez__Cilician_Armenia,_Bed_,_1838__Q-001_2h_19,5-20,5mm_3,11g-s.jpg
Armenia, Levon III. (1301-1307 A.D.), AE Kardez, Cilician Armenia, Bed., 1838., Cross, #1112 viewsArmenia, Levon III. (1301-1307 A.D.), AE Kardez, Cilician Armenia, Bed., 1838., Cross, #1
avers: ✠ԼԵՒՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅ (Levon, Takavor Hayots = Levon, King of the Armenians)], Levon seated facing in oriental fashion, holding cross and staff.
reverse: ✠ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔ Ի Ս , Cross potent.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 3,11g, axis: 2h,
mint: Cilician Armenia, date: 1301-1307 A.D., ref: Bed., 1838.,
Q-001
quadrans
ARMENIA__Levon_III_(1303-5-1307)__AR_Takvorin__AC_type_421,cf__CCA_1753__Q-001_6h_20-221,5mm_4,41g-s.jpg
Armenia, Levon III. (1303/5-1307), AR Takvorin, Cilician Armenia, Nercessian, Armenian Coins 421, Levon riding right, #1118 viewsArmenia, Levon III. (1303/5-1307), AR Takvorin, Cilician Armenia, Nercessian, Armenian Coins 421, Levon riding right, #1
avers: ✠ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ ՍԻ (Shineal I Kaghakn I Sis = Struck in the City of Sis), Lion prancing right, long cross behind, dot in the left field.
reverse: ✠ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (Levon, Takavor Hayots = Levon, King of the Armenians), Levon, with head facing and holding cruciform staff, on horse prancing right, cluster of pellets to right, Armenian letter below in front.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 20,0-21,5mm, weight: 4,41g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cilician Armenia, date: 1303-1307 A.D., ref: Armenian Coin type 421; cf. CCA 1753.,
Q-001
quadrans
BUKHARA.jpg
BUKHARA - Sayyid Alim Khan38 viewsBUKHARA - Sayyid Alim Khan (1911-1920) 10 Tenga, AH 1337 (1918). Brass. Obv.: Inscription & date, "zarb Bukhara" Rev.: Inscription and date, "yakdah tangah". Reference: KM#53.

Sayyid Alim Khan was the last descendant of Ghengis Khan to rule a nation.
dpaul7
CILICIAN_ARMENIA_OSHIN_TAVORKIAN.jpg
CILICIAN ARMENIA - Oshin19 viewsCILICIAN ARMENIA - Oshin (1307-1320) AR Takvorin. Obv.: King on horseback, riding right, holding a scepter in right hand. ԱՒՇԻՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ Awshin Tagawor Hayots. Oshin, King of Armenians. Rev.: Lion walking right, cross behind. Dot in the field. ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍԻՍ Shineal i kaghakn i Sis. Struck in the city of Sis. dpaul7
CILICIAN_ARMENTNIA_LEVON_I_TANK_1.jpg
CILICIAN ARMENIA -- Levon I 49 viewsCILICIAN ARMENIA -- Levon I – (1199-1219) Tank (Cu). Sis mint. Obverse: Crowned bust of leonine king. Seven dots in the crown. +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՂԱՅՈՅ “Levon King of Armenians” Reverse: Greek cross, with stars in the field beneath. +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱԴԱՔՍ Ի ՍԻՍԻ “By the Will of God”dpaul7
CILICIAN_ARMENTNIA_LEVON_I_TANK_2.jpg
CILICIAN ARMENIA -- Levon I 42 viewsCILICIAN ARMENIA -- Levon I – (1199-1219) Tank (Cu). Sis mint. Obverse: Crowned bust of leonine king. +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՂԱՅՈՅ “Levon King of Armenians” Reverse: Greek cross, with stars in the field beneath. +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱԴԱՔՍ Ի ՍԻՍԻ “By the Will of God”dpaul7
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Cilician Armenia, Royal Period, King Hetoum I, AR Tram.11 viewsSis 1226-1270 A.D. 2.99g - 21.3mm, Axis 9h.

Obv: +ՎԱԻՈՂՈԻԹ - ԻԻՆUՑՈ I - Queen Zabel and King Hetoum standing facing, holding long cross between them.

Rev: +ՀԷԹՈԻՄ ԹԱԳԱԻՈՐ ՀԱՅ[ՈՑ] - Crowned lion standing right, head facing, left paw raised; long cross behind.

AC 340var (reverse legend).
2 commentsChristian Scarlioli
Screenshot_2019-08-27_16_14_10.png
Cilician Armenia, Royal Period, King Hetoum I, AR Tram.2 viewsSis 1226-1270 A.D. 3.04g - 21.7mm, Axis 8h.

Obv: +ՎԱԻՈՂՈԻԹ - ԻԻՆUՅ I - Queen Zabel and King Hetoum standing facing, holding long cross between them.

Rev: +ՀԷԹՈԻՄ ԹԱԳԱԻՈՐ ՀԱ[ՅՈՑ] - Crowned lion standing right, head facing, left paw raised; long cross behind.

AC 340var (obverse & reverse legends).
Christian Scarlioli
Screenshot_2018-11-25_08_13_42.png
Cilician Armenia, Royal Period, King Levon III, AE Kardez.14 viewsSis 1301-1307 A.D. 3.03g - 19.01mm, Axis 2h.

Obv: +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ - king seated in oriental fashion holding globe in right hand and sceptre over shoulder in left.

Rev: +ՉՒՆԵԱԼ Ւ ՔԱՂԱՔ - Cross pattée.

AC 432.
2 commentsChristian Scarlioli
image00263.jpg
Cilician Armenia, Seljuq of Rum: Hetoum I and Kaykhusraw II Bilingual Tram (Album-1221, Nercessian-325)54 viewsIn compliance with a peace treaty previously signed by Levon I with the Seljuq Sultan of Rum, Kaykhusraw I, Hetoum struck silver coins bearing both Armenian and Arabic legends. Known as bilingual issues, Hetoum struck them first with Kaykhusraw’s son, Kayqubad I, and later with Kayqubad’s son, Kaykhusraw II.

Obverse:
King on horseback trotting to right holding sceptre over right shoulder, a cross above horse’s
tail and crescent over horse’s head. Armenian legend around - ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ, Hethum King of the Armenians

Reverse:
السلطان الاعظم, The Sublime Sultan
غياث الدنيا والدين, Protector of the World and Faith
كيخسرو بن كيقباد, Kaykhusraw, Son of Kayqubad

Reverse Top Margin:
ضرب ﺑﺴﻴﺲ سنة أربع و, Struck in the City of Sis, the Year Four and

Reverse Left Margin:
أربعون, Forty

Reverse Right Margin:
وستمائة, And Six Hundred
1 commentsSpongeBob
ARM_Hetoum_I_kardez_N_364_B_1406.JPG
Cilician Armenia. Hetoum I (1226-1270) 32 viewsNercessian 364, Bedoukian 1406

AE 24 mm kardez. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint.

Obv: King seated on bench-like throne adorned with lions, holding globus cruciger in left hand and fleur-de-lys scepter in right, +ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈ [Hetoum, Takavor Hayots = Hetoum, King of the Armenians].

Rev. Cross potent with lines in the quadrants, +ՇԻՆԵԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍԻՍ [Shineal I Kaghakn I Sis = Struck in the City of Sis].
Stkp
ARM_Hetoum_I_tank_Bedoukian_1304.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Hetoum I (1226-1270)22 viewsNercessian 352, Bedoukian 1304

AE tank. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint. 6.96 g., 29.23 mm. max., 180°

Obv.: + ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (=Hetowm Tagawor Hayots = Hetoum King of Armenians), King seated facing on a throne adorned with conventionalized lions, holding a scepter in the right hand and a globus cruciger in the left. Star in the field.

Rev.: ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ԳԱՂԱԳՍ Ի ՍԻՍ (= Shineal i kaghaks i Sis = Struck in the city of Sis), Potent cross with four stars in four quadrants and four pellets at the four cross arms.
Stkp
ARM_Hetoum_II_kardez_Bedoukian_1622.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Hetoum II (1289-1293)15 viewsNercessian 400, Bedoukian 1622

AE kardez. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint. 2.75 g., 20.81 mm. max., 270°

Obv.: + ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ Հ• (= Hetowm Tagawor Hayots = Hetoum King of Armenians), king seated on pillow, holding a staff in right hand and cross (or globe) in left (ՈՐ ligature).

Rev.: + ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ԳԱՂԱԳՍ Ի ՍԻ (= Shineal i kaghaks i Sis = Struck in the city of Sis), Potent cross with four dots in four quadrants.
Stkp
ARM_Hetoum_II_kardez_Bedoukian_1592.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Hetoum II (1289-1293)8 viewsNercessian 398, Bedoukian 1592

AE kardez. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint. 3.73 g., 21.76 mm. max., 0°

Obv.: Crowned head of king with two curls, facing, + ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀՍՅՈ (= Hetowm Tagawor Hayots = Hetoum King of Armenians).

Rev.: Ornate cross with two bars, + ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ԳԱՂԱԳՆ Ի ՍԻՍ (= Shineal i kaghaks i Sis = Struck in the city of Sis).
Stkp
ARM_Levon_I_tram.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Levon I, the Great (1199-1219)37 viewsVardanyan Class A Phase 5; Bedoukian Groups 221b-258b and 264-266, specifically 248 and 265, Plate III, 228 (for Group 221b-258b); cf. Nercessian 286; Metcalf Group II/C, Plate XII, 21

AR tram, 3.01 g., 22.41 mm. max., 270°

Obv: + ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳ[ԱՒ]ՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (= Lewon Tagawor Hayots = Levon, King of the Armenians), King seated on a throne ornamented with lion heads, feet resting on a footstool, wearing a crown and a royal mantel, holding a cross in the right hand and fleur-de-lis in the left.

Rev.:[Reverse C] + ԿԱՐՈՂՈՒԹԲՆ Ա[ՍՏ]ՈՒԾ [letter Ծ Type 6] (= Karogowt eambn astowtzoy = By the will of God), double-barred cross (Type 7c] with solid bar of pseudo-seriffed or wasted outline; dot beneath lower horizontal arm, 3 dots at the base of the shaft) entirely within circle between two lions [Type 5a] (boldly dotted mane but plain shoulder, three ribs), rampant, back-to-back, each with heads reverted. Artistic style.

The common tram of Levon I was struck during his entire reign, and probably for several years after his death until the coronation of Hetoum I as king (in 1226). According to Metcalf, the Bedoukian system (focusing on obverse inscriptions) is mechanical and not workable, and is a non-classification. According to Vardanyan, the Bedoukian system conflicts with observed die links. Metcalf focused on die comparisons. Vardanyan, also focusing on die comparisons, established a relative chronology for this coinage.
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ARM_Levon_I_tank_Bedoukian_729_var_.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Levon I, the Great (1199-1219)21 viewsVardanyan Group B; Nercessian 310 var. (rev. legend), Bedoukian 729 var. (obv. legend)

AE tank. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint. 7.91 g., 29.49 mm. max., 270°

Obv: + ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՒՈՑ (= Lewon Tagawor Haywots = Levon, King of Armenians), leonine head of the king, five [?] dots on the crown, pendilium and hair represented by two curls surmounted by a dot, short row of two vertical dots below; and the mane/beard by three parallel rows of dots.

Rev.: + ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՍ Ի ՍԻ [Type 1 letter Ք] (= Shineal i kaghakn i Sis = Struck in the city of Sis), patriarchal cross with five-pointed star on each side.

The sequence of issuance of the four groups is unknown.
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ARM_Levon_I_tram_Nercessian_288.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Levon I, the Great (1199-1219)32 viewsVandanyan Class C Phase 1b ; Bedoukian Groups 267-283a, specifically 276 var. (no footstool); cf. Nercessian 288 var. (no footstool); Metcalf Group III/C, Plate XII, 24

AR tram/drachm, 3.20 g., 22.98 mm. max., 270°

Obv: + ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (= Lewon Tagawor Hayots = Levon, King of the Armenians), King wearing a crown and a royal mantel, holding a cross in the right hand and fleur-de-lis in the left, seated on a throne ornamented with lion heads, his left foot turned outward, no footstool.

Rev.: [Reverse C]: + ԿԱՐՈՂՈՒԹԲՆ ԱՍՏՈՒԾ [letter Ծ Type 6] (= Karogowt eambn astowtzoy = By the will of God), double-barred cross [Type 7c] (with outlined bar of pseudo-seriffed or wasted outline; 3 dots at the base of the shaft) entirely within circle between two lions [Type 5a] (boldly dotted mane but plain shoulder, three ribs), rampant, back-to-back, each with heads reverted. Reverse artistic style.

The obverse and reverse inscriptions and long-cross are a match for Bedoukian 276 (King's left foot turned outward, but footstool), B. 248 (but left foot not facing outward, and footstool), and B. 265 (long-cross entirely within circle, but left foot not facing outward, and footstool). None are listed with any inscription combination with both the left foot facing outward and no footstool except those with the king holding the lily in his right hand and the cross in his left (B. 662f and B. 665c-672). As such, it is not an exact match to any, and closest to B. 276.

The common tram of Levon I was struck during his entire reign, and probably for several years after his death until the coronation of Hetoum I as king (in 1226). According to Metcalf, the Bedoukian system (focusing on obverse inscriptions) is mechanical and not workable, and is a non-classification. According to Vardanyan, the Bedoukian system conflicts with observed die links. Metcalf focused on die comparisons. Vardanyan, also focusing on die comparisons, established a relative chronology for this coinage.
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ARM_Levon_I_half_double_tram.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Levon I, the Great (1199-1219)29 viewsVardanyan Group hdd2, Bedoukian Group 43-67, specifically 54-55, Plate II, 49 (different field mark); Nercessian 274, Plate 20, 274.

AR half double tram/dram (average weight 2.69 g.; average AR content 95%); 2.86 g., 22.23 mm. max., 90°

Obv: + ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (= Lewon Tagawor Hayots = Levon, King of the Armenians), King seated on a throne ornamented with lions with elongated foreparts, wearing a crown and royal mantle on his shoulders; holding a cross in the right hand and fleur-de-lis with globular base in the left; feet on footstool.

Rev.: + ԿԱՐՈՂՈՒԹԲՆ ԱՍՏՒԾՈՑ [letter Ծ Type 2b] (= Karogowt eambn astowtzoy = By the will of God), lion crowned standing left holding a cross with two bars, forepaw in profile, field mark to left.

The field mark is most likely the mark of the die maker.
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ARM_Levon_I_tank_Vardanyan_Group_D.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Levon I, the Great (1199-1219)18 viewsVardanyan Group D; Nercessian 303 var. (rev. legend), Bedoukian 746 var. (rev. legend, per 737)

AE tank. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint. 7.14 g., 29.63 mm. max., 180°

Obv: + ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՒՈ (= Lewon Tagawor Haywots = Levon, King of Armenians), leonine head of the king, six dots on the crown, pendilium and hair represented by vertical row of three large dots; and the mane/beard by an irregular juxtaposition of smaller dots.

Rev: + ՇԻՆՍԼ Ի ՔԱՂՍՔՍ Ի ՍԻՍ [Type 4 letter Ք] (= Shineal i kaghakn i Sis = Struck in the city of Sis), patriarchal cross with six-pointed star on each side.

The sequence of issuance of the four groups is unknown.
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ARM_Levon_I_tank_Vardanyan_Group_C.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Levon I, the Great (1199-1219)22 viewsVardanyan Group C; Nercessian 304 var. (obv. legend), Bedoukian 720 var. (obv. legend)

AE tank. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint. 6.80 g., 28.19 mm. max., 180°

Obv: + ԼԵՒՈՆ ׀ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՒՈՑ (= Lewon Tagawor Haywots = Levon, King of Armenians), leonine head of the king, seven dots on the crown, pendilium and hair represented by vertical row of six dots; and the mane/beard by a semi-irregular juxtaposition of dots.

Rev: + ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՍ Ի ՍԻՍ [Type 2 letter Ք] (= Shineal i kaghakn i Sis = Struck in the city of Sis), patriarchal cross with five-pointed star on each side.

There are three varieties of the obverse legend among the Group C coins in the collection of the History Museum of Armenia. The obverse legend on this coin, which bears a letter/symbol between the words ԼԵՒՈՆ and ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ, is not represented. This obverse letter variation is also not recorded in Bedoukian and Nercessian.

The sequence of issuance of the four groups is unknown.
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ARM_Levon_III_kardez_N_432_B_1821.JPG
Cilician Armenia. Levon III (1301-1307) 21 viewsNercessian 432, Bedoukian 1821

AE 20 mm kardez. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint.

Obv: King seated in oriental fashion, holding cross in right hand and staff in left, +ԼԵՒՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅ [Levon, Takavor Hayots = Levon, King of the Armenians].

Rev. Cross potent, +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔ Ի Ս [Shineal I Kaghakn I Sis = Struck in the City of Sis].

Note: ՈՐ ligature on obverse.
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ARM_Gosdantin_IV_takvoran.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Gosdantin IV (1365-1373)13 viewsNercessian 492, Bedoukian 2171a or 2173 var.

AR takvoran, Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint, 1.98 g., 20.95 mm. max., 270°.

Obv: King on horseback riding right, a mace extending over his shoulder, +ԿՈՍՏԸՆԴԻՆ ԹԱԳԱՌ ... (= Gosdantin [but spelled Gosdentin] King of the Armenians), field mark Լ between hind legs.

Rev. Lion walking right and facing, behind him an ornate cross, +ՇԻՆԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍԻՍ (Shineal I Kaghakn I Sis = Struck in the City of Sis).
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ARM_Gosdantin_I_kardez.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Gosdantin/Constantine I (1298-1299)4 viewsNercessian 417-18 var., Bedoukian 1730

AE kardez. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint. 1.99 g., 20.18 mm. max., 0°

Obv: King standing, facing, wearing royal vestments, holding cross in left hand and sword in right hand, +ԿՈՍՏԱՆԴ -- ԻԱՆՈՍ Թ[ԱԳ] with the ՈՍ ligate (= Gosdantin King).

Rev. Ornate cross with dots at ends of three of the arms, ՇԻՆԵԼ Գ[ԱՂ]ԱԳՆ ՍԻՍ Է (Shineal I Kaghakn I Sis = Struck in the City of Sis).

Nercessian rarity for type 7R/rare (less than 62 known)

Gosdantin was one of the sons of Levon/Leo II (1270-1289). In 1296 his brother, King Hetoum II (1289-1303) placed Armenia under the regency of their brother Smpad, and traveled to Constantinople for the wedding of their sister to the Byzantine Emperor Michael IX Palaeologus. During his absence Smpad (1296-1298) usurped the throne with the aid of Gosdantin. Hetoum was imprisoned upon his return and was partially blinded. Gosdantin then turned against Smpad, usurped the throne for himself, imprisoned Smpad and freed Hetoum. In 1299, Hetoum ousted Gosdantin and again resumed the crown. Smpad and Gosdantin were imprisoned for the rest of their lives. Gosdantin ruled for less than a year.
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ARM_Hetoum_I_tram.JPG
Cilician Armenia. Hetoum I (1226-1270)79 viewsBedoukian Group III, 1096 var. (reverse legend); cf. Nercessian 337

AR tram/drachm (average weight 2.96 grams; average purity 92%), 2.90 g., 20.10 mm, max, 0°.

Obv: + ԿԱՐՈՂՈ – ԹԻՆ ԱՅ Է (= Garoghout Iun Aye = By the Will of God), Queen Zabel (left and King Hetoum right crowned and wearing royal vestments, standing and facing, both holding a long cross, dot on cross.

Rev: ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈ ՀԱ (= Hetoum Takavor Hayots = Hetoum King of the Armenians), crowned lion walking right with left paw raised, cross behind lion.

The obverse showing the king and queen openly acknowledges the fact that Zabel was of royal lineage and that Hetoum was her consort. Although Zabel died in 1252, Hetoum continued to strike coins with this design until his resignation in 1270.

The obverse inscription and long cross are a match for Bedoukian 1095-1098. The final word of the reverse inscription in this sequence becomes progressively shorter, from ՀԱՅՐ (on B. 1095) to ՀԱՅ (on B. 1096) to just Հ (on B. 1098). There is no ՀԱ (this coin) which would correspond to the missing catalog number B. 1097 in the sequence.

The coins are divided by Bedoukian into seven groups (as well as a transitional period), with the numbering of the groups based on the order of issue. Although critical of Bedoukian's classification of the trams of Levon I, Metcalf approves his classification of the Hetoum I trams.
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ARM_Hetoum_I_kardez_Bedoukian_1415.JPG
Cilician Armenia. Hetoum I (1226-1270)20 viewsNercessian 364, Bedoukian 1415

AE kardez. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint, 3.42 g., 22.14 mm. max.,270°

Obv: King seated on bench-like throne adorned with lions, holding globus cruciger in left hand and fleur-de-lys scepter in right, +ՀԵԹ[ՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒ]ՈՐ ՀԱՅ [Hetoum, Takavor Hayots = Hetoum, King of the Armenians].

Rev. Cross potent with lines in the quadrants, +ՇԻՆ[ԵԼ Ի Ք]ԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍԻՍ [Shineal I Kaghakn I Sis = Struck in the City of Sis].
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ARM_Hetoum_I_kardez_Bedoukian_1394.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Hetoum I (1226-1270)16 viewsNercessian 363, Bedoukian 1394 or 1411-1412

AE kardez. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint, 2.62 g., 21.63 mm. max.,180°

Obv: King seated on bench-like throne, holding globus cruciger in left hand and fleur-de-lys scepter in right, star in field, [+ՀԵԹ]ՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱ[ՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՅ] (=Hetoum, Takavor Hayots = Hetoum, King of the Armenians].

Rev. Cross potent with crescent in first (upper right) quadrant and lines in the other quadrants, [+]ՇԻՆԵԱԼ [Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍԻՍ] (=Shineal I Kaghakn I Sis = Struck in the City of Sis).
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ARM_Hetoum_I_tram_Bedoukian_Group_I.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Hetoum I (1226-1270) 25 viewsBedoukian Group I, 878; cf. Nercessian 332

AR tram (average weight 2.96 grams; average purity 92%), 2.82 g., 20.78 mm, max, 0°.

Obv: ԿԱՐՈՂՈԹ – ԻՆՆ ԱՅ Է (= Garoghout Iun Aye = By the Will of God), Queen Zabel left and King Hetoum right crowned and wearing royal vestments, standing and facing, both holding a long cross, star on cross.

Rev: ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈ° (ՈՐ ligate) (= Hetoum Takavor Hayots = Hetoum King of the Armenians), crowned lion standing right holding long cross with left paw.

The obverse showing the king and queen openly acknowledges the fact that Zabel was of royal lineage and that Hetoum was her consort. Although Zabel died in 1252, Hetoum continued to strike coins with this design until his resignation in 1270.

The coins are divided by Bedoukian into seven groups (as well as a transitional period), with the numbering of the groups based on the order of issue. Although critical of Bedoukian's classification of the trams of Levon I, Metcalf approves his classification of the Hetoum I trams.
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ARM_Hetoum_I_tram_Bedoukian_Group_V.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Hetoum I (1226-1270)17 viewsBedoukian Group V, 1220 ; cf. Nercessian 342

AR tram (average weight 2.91 grams; average purity 83%), 2.82 g., 22.37 mm, max, 0°.

Obv: ԿԱՐՈՂՈԻ – ԹԻՆՆ ԱՅ Է (= Garoghout Iun Aye = By the Will of God), Queen Zabel left and King Hetoum right crowned and wearing royal vestments, standing and facing, both holding a long cross, no dot or star on cross.

Rev: ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅ (ՈՐ ligate) (= Hetoum Takavor Hayots = Hetoum King of the Armenians), crowned lion walking right with left paw raised, star below lion and cross behind.

The obverse showing the king and queen openly acknowledges the fact that Zabel was of royal lineage and that Hetoum was her consort. Although Zabel died in 1252, Hetoum continued to strike coins with this design until his resignation in 1270.

The coins are divided by Bedoukian into seven groups (as well as a transitional period), with the numbering of the groups based on the order of issue. Although critical of Bedoukian's classification of the trams of Levon I, Metcalf approves his classification of the Hetoum I trams.
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ARM_Hetoum_I_equestrian_kardez_Nercessian_359_v.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Hetoum I (1226-1270)10 viewsNercessian 359 var., Bedoukian 1387-88 var.

AE (equestrian) kardez. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint, 5.16 g., 23.19 mm. max.,90°

Obv: King on horseback facing right, wearing a crown and holding a scepter in his right hand which extends over his right shoulder, two dots in field, +[ՀԵԹՈՒՄ Թ]ԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅ (= Hetoum, Takavor Hayots = Hetoum, King of the Armenians).

Rev. Cross potent with lines in quadrants, + ՇԻՆԵԱԼ [Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի] Ս (=Shineal I Kaghakn I Sis = Struck in the City of Sis).
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ARM_Hetoum_II_kardez_Bedoukian_1642.png
Cilician Armenia. Hetoum II (1289-1293)21 viewsNercessian 401, Bedoukian 1642

AE 20 mm kardez. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint.

Obv: King seated in oriental fashion on an invisible pillow or on floor. King's vestment is folded between two knees. Left hand raised holding cross and right hand holding mace which extends over his right shoulder, +[ՀԵԹ]ՈՒՄ ԹԱ[ԳԱ]Ւ [Hetoum, Takavor Hayots = Hetoum, King of the Armenians].

Rev. Cross potent, +[Շ]ԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՍԻՍ [Shineal I Kaghakn I Sis = Struck in the City of Sis].
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ARM_Hetoum_II_Kardez_Bedoukian_1611-12.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Hetoum II (first reign 1289-1293)3 viewsNercessian 398 var., Bedoukian 1611/1612 var.

AE kardez. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint. 4.46 g., 24.65 mm. max., 180°

Obv.: Crowned head of king with two star pendants, facing, + ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈ (= Hetowm Tagawor Hayots = Hetoum King of Armenians).

Rev.: Ornate cross with two bars, + ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ԳԱՂԱԳՆ Ի ՍԻՍ (= Shineal i kaghaks i Sis = Struck in the city of Sis).

Nercessian rarity for type 3R/relatively common (less than 1,000 known)

Hetoum succeeded to the throne in 1289 upon the death of his father, Levon/Leo II (1270-1289). At the time, Armenia was balanced between friendly relations with the Christian Europeans and Byzantine Empire, aggression from the Turkish Sultanate of Rum, a vassal relationship with the Mongol Empire, and incursions from the Mamluks. In 1293, Hetoun abdicated in favor of his brother Toros III (1293-1295) and entered a Franciscan monastery, although he remained active in the politics of the kingdom. In 1295, Toros asked Hetoum to resume the throne to help renew the Mongol alliance against the Mamluks. In 1296, Hetoum and Toros placed Armenia under the regency of their brother Smpad, and traveled to Constantinople for the wedding of their sister to the Byzantine Emperor Michael IX Palaeologus. During their absence Smpad (1296-1298) usurped the throne with the aid of another brother, Gosdantin/Constantine. Hetoum and Toros imprisoned upon their return. Hetoum was partially blinded and Toros was murdered. Gosdantin (1298-1299) then turned against Smpad, usurped the throne for himself, imprisoned Smpad and freed Hetoum. In 1299, Hetoum ousted Gosdantin and again resumed the crown. In 1303 he again abdicated and entered a monastery, passing the crown to Thoros's teenaged son, Levon/Leo III (1303-1307), but retaining the office of Regent. Hetoum and Levon were slaughtered by the Mongols while guests at the Mongol court, and Hetoum’s brother Oshin (1308-1320) assumed the throne.
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ARM_Levon_I_tank_Vardanyan_Group_A.png
Cilician Armenia. Levon I, the Great (1199-1219)22 viewsVardanyan Group A; Nercessian 308; Bedoukian 716

AE tank. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint. 6.89 g., 27.92 mm. max., 180°

Obv: + ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՒՈՑ (= Lewon T'agawor Haywoc' = Levon, King of Armenians), leonine head of the king, crown with row of six dots, pendilium and hair represented by single curl and a row of four vertical dots below; and the mane/beard represented by two horizontal rows of dots.

Rev.: + ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՍ Ի ՍԻՍ [Type 1 letter Ք (without horizontal strokes)] (= Šineal i k'ałak's i sis = Struck in the city of Sis), patriarchal cross with five-pointed star on each side.

There are four varieties of the obverse legend among the Group A coins in the collection of the History Museum of Armenia (the "HRH"). The obverse legend on this coin is represented by 7 dies (39 coins), but this coin is not a die match with any of them. There are five varieties of the reverse legend among the Group A coins in the HRH collection. The reverse legend on this coin is represented by 12 dies (16 coins), but this coin is not a die match with any of them.

The sequence of issuance of the four groups is unknown.
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ARM_Levon_II_kardez_Nercessian_387.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Levon II (1270-1289)8 viewsNercessian 387; Bedoukian --

AE kardez. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint. 4.36 g., 25.09 mm. max., 0°

Obv: Lion walking left, + ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈ (= Lewon Tagawor Haywots = Levon, King of Armenians) (clockwise legend).

Rev: Cross with six-pointed star in first quadrant and five-pointed stars in all other quadrants, + ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՍ Ի Ս ׀ (= Shineal i kaghakn i Sis = Struck in the city of Sis).
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ARM_Levon_III_kardez_Bedoukian_1817a.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Levon III (1301-1307)18 viewsNercessian 432, Bedoukian 1817a

AE kardez, Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint, 2.71 g., 19.53 mm. max., 270°.

Obv: King seated in oriental fashion, holding cross in right hand and staff in left, +ԼԵՒՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ (Levon, Takavor Hayots = Levon, King of the Armenians).

Rev. Cross potent, with dots, +ՇԻՆԵԱ[Լ Ի ՔԱՂ]Ա' (Shineal I Kaghakn I Sis = Struck in the City of Sis).

Note: ՈՐ ligature on obverse.
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ARM_Levon_III_takvoran_Bedoukian_1743.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Levon III (1301-1307)18 viewsNercessian 419, Bedoukian 1743

AR takvoran, Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint, 2.49 g., 20.59 mm. max., 270°.

Obv: King on horseback riding right, holding reins with his left hand and with a cross in his right extending over his shoulder, three dots (inverted pyramid, oriented somewhat intermediately) to left of king, +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (Levon, Takavor Hayots = Levon, King of the Armenians).

Rev: Lion without claws walking right and facing right, behind him a cross with one arm, dot in left field, +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ ՍԻ (Shineal I Kaghakn I Sis = Struck in the City of Sis).
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ARM_Levon_III_kardez_Bedoukian_1826ff.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Levon III (1301-1307)10 viewsNercessian 431, Bedoukian 1826 ff.

AE kardez, Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint, 3.94 g., 21.62 mm. max., 90°.

Obv: King seated on a bench-like throne, holding cross in right hand and staff in left, ԼԵՒՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ... (Levon, Takavor Hayots = Levon, King of the Armenians).

Rev. Cross potent, with lines, + ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂ... (Shineal I Kaghakn I Sis = Struck in the City of Sis).
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ARM_Levon_IV_pogh_Nercessian_463.JPG
Cilician Armenia. Levon IV (1320-1342)38 viewsNercessian 463[?], Bedoukian 1997[?]

AE 18 mm pogh. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint.

Obv: + Լ[ԵՒՈՆ Թ]ԱԳԱՒՈՐ Հ [Levon Takavor Hayots = Levon King of the Armenians], king holding staff in right hand which extends over shoulder, cross in left hand, throne decorated with lions.

Rev: .+ [ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի] ՔԱՂԱ_ [Shineal I Kaghakn I Sis = Struck in the City of Sis], plain cross potent.

Due to the state of preservation, much of the legends are illegible and the obverse device lost, but from the size of the coin and the portions of the legends that are legible, it can be tentatively attributed.
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ARM_Levon_V_pogh.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Levon V Lusignan (1374-1375)10 viewsNercessian 505-507 var.; Bedoukian 2244 var.

AE pogh.1.01 g., 17.30 mm. max., 0°

Obv: Lion of Cyprus walking right, + ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒ (= Lewon Tagawor = Levon, King).

Rev: Simple Latin cross, uncertain legend.
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ARM_Oshin_takvorin_Bedoukian_1880_var.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Oshin (1308-1320)14 viewsNercessian 441, Bedoukian 1880 var.

AR takvoran, Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint, 2.46 g., 20.65 mm. max., 270°.

Obv: King on horseback riding right, holding reigns with his left hand, and with his right a mace extending over his shoulder, + ԱՒՇԻՆ ԹԱԳ[ԱՒՈՐ] ՀԱՅՈ (= Avshin Takavor Hay = Oshin King of the Armenians), field mark retrograde Յ behind king, pellet beneath horse.

Rev. Lion walking right and facing right, behind him a cross with one arm, + ՇԻՆԵ[ԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂ]ԱՔՆ ՍԻ [ՍԻ ligate], (= Shineal I Kaghakn Sis = Struck in the City of Sis), pellet behind lion.
Stkp
ARM_Oshin_pogh_Bedoukian_1936aff.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Oshin (1308-1320)9 viewsNercessian 448-449, Bedoukian 1936a ff.

AE pogh, Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint, 1.55 g., 17.74 mm. max., 90°.

Obv: King seated on bench-like thrown, holding cross in right hand and fleur de lis in left hand, [+ ԱՒՇԻՆ ԹԱԳ]Ա[ՒՈՐ Հ]ԱՅ(= Avshin Takavor Hay = Oshin King of the Armenians).

Rev. Ornate cross with spokes between arms, + ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱ[Ղ]ԱՔՆ ՍԻՍ] (= Shineal I Kaghakn Sis = Struck in the City of Sis).
Stkp
ARM_Smpad_kardez.JPG
Cilician Armenia. Smpad (1296-1298)42 viewsNercessian 412 var. (legends), Bedoukian 1678-1723

AE 21 mm kardez. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint.

Obv: + ՍՄԲԱՏ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ [Smpad Takvor Hayots = Smpad King of the Armenians], king on horseback, riding to the right, holding reigns in left hand and mace with right hand extending over his right shoulder.

Rev: .+ ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔ Ի ՍԻՍ [Shineal I Kaghakn I Sis = Struck in the City of Sis], cross potent with four doves flying inward.

Patterened after the bilingual trams of Hetoum I.

Due to the strike and state of preservation, much of the legends are illegible, but undoubtedly an abbreviated form of the full legends appearing above. From the portions that are legible, it can be tentatively limited to Bedoukian 1710-1715a.
Stkp
Nercessian-332.jpg
Cilician Armenia: Hetoum I (1226-1270) AR Tram (Nercessian-332)33 viewsObv: Lion walking right, holding a cross behind. Legend around - ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (Hetowm Tagawor Hayots; Hetoum King of Armenians)
Rev: King Hetoum I and Queen Zabel holding a cross together. Cross with star. Legend around - ԿԱՐՈՂՈԻԹ ԻՒՆՆ ԱՅՈԷ (Karogowt Iwnn Ayoe; By the will of God)
SpongeBob
Nercessian-354.jpg
Cilician Armenia: Hetoum I (1226-1270) Ć Tank (Nercessian 354; Bedoukian 1352)17 viewsObv: ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (Hetoum, King of Armenians); King seated facing on a bench-like throne, holding a scepter in the right hand and a globus cruciger in the left
Rev: +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍԻՍ (Struck in the city of Sis); Latin cross with lines in four quadrants
1 commentsQuant.Geek
Nercessian-362.jpg
Cilician Armenia: Hetoum I (1226-1270) Ć Tank (Nercessian-362, Bedoukian-1394)25 viewsObv: King seated on a wide bench. He holds a globus cruciger in his left hand and in his right, folded upward, a fleur-de-lys extending over his right shoulder. Star in the left field. Clockwise legend - ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ Hetowm Tagawor Hayots, Hetoum King of the Armenians
Rev: Potent cross with half moon in third quadrant and lines in first, third, and fourth. Clockwise legend - ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍԻՍ Shineal i kaghakn i Sis, Struck in the city of Sis
SpongeBob
Nercessian-394.jpg
Cilician Armenia: Hetoum II (1289-1293,1295-1296,1301-1305) BI Denier (Nercessian-394, Bedoukian-1575aV)29 viewsObv: King's head facing. Clockwise legend - ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ, Hetowm Tagawor. "Hetoum the King", legend continued on reverse
Rev: Potent cross without field marks. Clockwise legend - ԱՄԵՆԱՅՆ ՀԱՅՈՑ, Amenayn Hayots. "of all Armenians"
SpongeBob
Nercessian-396.jpg
Cilician Armenia: Hetoum II (1289-1293,1295-1296,1301-1305) BI Denier (Nercessian-396)32 viewsObv: King's head facing. Clockwise legend - ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ, Hetowm Tagawor. "Hetoum the King", legend continued on reverse
Rev: Patriarchal cross with star and crescent moon on lower quadrants. Clockwise legend - ԱՄԵՆԱՅՆ ՀԱՅՈՑ, Amenayn Hayots. "of all Armenians"
1 commentsSpongeBob
Nercessian-303.jpg
Cilician Armenia: Levon I (1198-1219) AE Tank (Nercessian-303) 50 viewsObv: Crowned bust of leonine king. Six dots in the crown. Armenian legend around +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ - Levon King of Armenians
Rev: Greek cross, with stars in the field beneath. Armenian legend around +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՍ Ի ՍԻՍ Ի - By the Will of God
1 commentsSpongeBob
Nercessian-376v.jpg
Cilician Armenia: Levon II (1270-1289) AR Tram (Nercessian-376v; CCA-1429) 42 viewsObv: King on horseback to right, holding reins with left hand, and a cross in right hand with two bars extending over his right shoulder. Clockwise legend, ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ԱՄԵՆԱՅՆ ՀԱՅՈՑ (Lewon Tagawor Amenayn Hayo; Levon, King of all Armenians)
Rev: Crowned lion walking left, with left paw raised. Behind him a cross with two bars. Clockwise legend, ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍԻՍ ԻՍ (Shineal i kaghakn i Sis; Struck in the city of Sis)
SpongeBob
Nercessian-xxx.jpg
Cilician Armenia: Levon III (1301-1307) AR Takvorin38 viewsObv: King on horseback, riding right, holding a scepter capped with cross. Armenian Legend around +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՐ - Levon King of Armenians.
Rev: Lion to right, cross behind. Armenian Legend around +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍԻՍ - Struck in the city of Sis.
SpongeBob
Nercessian-460.jpg
Cilician Armenia: Levon IV (1320-134) Ć Pogh (Nercessian-460)26 viewsObv: King seated on throne holding orb and fleur-de-lys. Armenian legend around - ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (Lewon Tagawor Hayots; Levon, King of Armenians)
Rev: Ornate cross. Armenian legend around - ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔ Ի ՍԻՍ (Shineal i kaghak i Sis; Struck in the city of Sis)
SpongeBob
Nercessian-501.jpg
Cilician Armenia: Levon V (1374-1393) BI Denier (Nercessian-501)22 viewsObv: King's bust, crowned, facing. Clockwise legend - +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ (Levon King)
Rev: Cross with lines in four quadrants. Clockwise legend - +ԿԱՐՈՂՈԻԹ ԻՒՆՆ ԱՅ Ո Է (by the will of God)
SpongeBob
284482.jpg
Cilician Armenia: Oshin (1308-1320) Takvorin (Nercessian-441, Bedoukian-1863)40 viewsObv: Equestrian king to right, crowned, and holding staff. Letter Յ next to horses head and dot behind king. Armenian Legend around - +ԱՒՇԻՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (Oshin, King of Armenians)
Rev: Lion standing left with cross behind. Armenian Legend around - +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ ՍԻ (Struck in the city of Sis)
SpongeBob
Nercessian-413.jpg
Cilician Armenia: Smpad (1296-1298) AE Pogh (Nercessian-413)31 viewsObv: King on horseback riding right. He holds reins with left hand, and mace with his right extending over his right shoulder. Patterned after the bilingual trams of Hetoum I. Clockwise legend, ՍՄԲԱՏ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ, Smbat Tagawor Hayots (Smpad, King of the Armenians)
Rev: Cross with dots and four doves in flight in four quadrants. Clockwise legend, ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔ Ի ՍԻՍ, Shineal i kaghak i Sis (Struck in the city of Sis).
SpongeBob
Costantine2.jpg
Constantine II 337-340 A.D.34 views
Metal: Bronze
Diam: 16 mm.
Weight: 1.6 gr.

OBV: Constantine II, Elder son of Constantine The Great :Diademed and cuirassed bust facing Right
OBV-LEGEND: CONSTANTINVSIVNNOBC
Marks-OBV: None

REV: Two helmeted soldiers standing with spears & shields, facing one standard between them.
REV-LEGEND : GLOR IAEXER ITUS
Marks-REV: In Exergue: SMNA also Alignment shifted 180 (Obv and Rev. are upside down one to aother)

Source : N/A
Age: 337-340 A.D.
Mint: Nicomedia *
*Nicomedia Nicomedia (Greek: Νικομήδεια, modern İzmit in Turkey) was founded by Nicomedes I of Bithynia at the head of the Gulf of Astacus which opens to the Propontis. The city was founded in 712 BC and, in early Antiquity, was called Astacus or Olbia. After being destroyed, it was rebuilt by Nicomedes I in 264 BC under the name of Nicomedia, and has ever since been one of the most important cities in northwestern Asia Minor. Hannibal came to Nicomedia in his final years and committed suicide in nearby Libyssa (Diliskelesi, Gebze). The historian Arrian was born there. Nicomedia was the metropolis of Bithynia under the Roman Empire, and Diocletian made it the eastern capital city of the Roman Empire in 286 when he introduced the Tetrarchy system. Nicomedia remained as the eastern (and most senior) capital of the Roman Empire until co-emperor Licinius was defeated by Constantine the Great at the Battle of Chrysopolis (Üsküdar) in 324. Constantine mainly resided in Nicomedia as his interim capital city for the next six years, until in 330 he declared the nearby Byzantium as Nova Roma, which eventually became known as Constantinople (present-day Istanbul). Constantine died in a royal villa at the vicinity of Nicomedia in 337. Owing to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads leading to the new capital, Nicomedia retained its importance even after the foundation of Constantinople.[1]

However, a major earthquake on 24 August 358 caused extensive devastation to Nicomedia and was followed by a fire which completed the catastrophe. Nicomedia was rebuilt, but on a smaller scale.[2] In the sixth century under Emperor Justinian the city was extended with new public buildings. Situated on the roads leading to the capital, the city remained a major military center, playing an important role in the Byzantine campaigns against the Caliphate.[3]

From the 840s on, Nicomedia was the capital of the thema of the Optimatoi. By that time, most of the old, seawards city had been abandoned and is described by the Arab geographer Ibn Khurdadhbeh as lying in ruins. The settlement had obviously been restricted to the hilltop citadel.[3] In the 1080s, the city served as the main military base for Alexios I Komnenos in his campaigns against the Seljuk Turks, and the First and Second Crusades both encamped there. The city was held by the Latin Empire between 1204 and ca. 1240, when it was recovered by John III Vatatzes. It remained in Byzantine control for a further century, but following the Byzantine defeat at the Battle of Bapheus in 1302, it was threatened by the rising Ottoman beylik. The city was twice blockaded by the Ottomans (in 1304 and 1330) before finally succumbing in 1337.[3]



Ref : Ric VII 189
Michel C2
arm2.jpg
Constantine IV, King of Armenia *Gosdantin IV* (1365-1373 A.D.)27 viewsAR Takvorin
O: +ԿՈՍՏԸ(ԱՆԴԻՆ) (ԹԱԳԱ)ՈՐ ՀՈՑ, King riding right holding cross sceptre, below horse s
R.+ՉԻՆԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍԻՍ , lion right, right paw raised, cross in back, below s.
Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint,
18mm
1.98g
Bed.2106
1 commentsMat
31337q00.jpg
Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364 Billon denier tournois40 viewsCrusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364 Billon denier tournois
uneven strike, 0.808g, 18.2mm, 270o, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P AChE, cross pattée, annulet left in upper right quarter; reverse + CLARENCIA, castle tournois .
CCS 70
Ex Alex G. Malloy Ex A.J. Seltman Ex FORUM
Vladislavs D
1337.jpg
diumspijk0104 viewsElagabalus
Dium

Obv: AV KAI MAV ANTW..., Laureate draped bust right, seen from front.
Rev: Hexastyle temple, flaming altar within under central arch, ΓΠ-C (year 283) divided above roof, ΔIHNW in exergue.
22 mm, 8.74 gms

Spijkerman 10 variant (obverse and reverse legends); CNG, Electronic Auction 307, Lot 201; CNG, Electronic Auction 339, Lot 283 (Exact legend matches for both CNG coins.)
Charles M
RIC_Gallienus_RIC-V_(S)_Rome_283.jpg
Gallienus (Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus) (253-268 A.D.)27 viewsSRCV 10362, RIC V S-283, Göbl 712b, CT 1337, Van Meter 270

BI Antoninianus, 3.20 g., 21.58 mm. max., 180°

Rome mint, first officina, tenth emission, struck during solo reign (260-268 A.D.), in 267-268 A.D.

Obv: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right.

Rev: SOLI CONS AVG, winged horse springing right., A in exergue.

Issued in 267-268 A.D. to commemorate vows to Sol invoking his protection against the revolt of Aureolus. A team of four winged horses drew Sol's golden chariot across the sky each day.

RIC rarity C, Van Meter VB1.
1 commentsStkp
ID0070_MERGED.jpg
Gallienus - Pegasus Right48 viewsObverse:- GALLIENVSAVG , Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- SOLICONSAVG , Pegasus springing right
Exergue:- A
RIC 283 GOBL 712b CUNETIO 1337
1 commentsnogoodnicksleft
ID0010_MERGED.jpg
Gallienus - Pegasus Right40 viewsObverse:- GALLIENVSAVG , Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- SOLICONSAVG , Pegasus springing right
Exergue:- A
RIC 283 GOBL 712b CUNETIO 1337
Double strike on obverse, according to the notes in the Cunetio there is one example of a double strike on the obverse for this type.
nogoodnicksleft
ID0008_MERGED.jpg
Gallienus - Pegasus Right47 viewsObverse:- GALLIENVSAVG , Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- SOLICONSAVG , Pegasus springing right
Exergue:- A
RIC 283 GOBL 712b CUNETIO 1337
nogoodnicksleft
ID0006_MERGED.jpg
Gallienus - Pegasus Right58 viewsObverse:- GALLIENVSAVG , Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- SOLICONSAVG , Pegasus springing right
Exergue:- A
RIC 283 GOBL 712b CUNETIO 1337
nogoodnicksleft
ID0091_MERGED.jpg
Gallienus - Pegasus Right46 viewsObverse:- GALLIENVSAVG , Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- SOLICONSAVG , Pegasus springing right
Exergue:- A
RIC 283 GOBL 712b CUNETIO 1337
Double strike on the obverse, according to the notes in the Cunetio there is one example of a double strike on the obverse for this type.
nogoodnicksleft
ID0090_MERGED.jpg
Gallienus - Pegasus Right52 viewsObverse:- GALLIENVSAVG , Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- SOLICONSAVG , Pegasus springing right
Exergue:- A
RIC 283 GOBL 712b CUNETIO 1337
nogoodnicksleft
ID0071_MERGED.jpg
Gallienus - Pegasus Right36 viewsObverse:- GALLIENVSAVG , Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- SOLICONSAVG , Pegasus springing right
Exergue:- A
RIC 283 GOBL 712b CUNETIO 1337
nogoodnicksleft
ID0128_MERGED.jpg
Gallienus - Pegasus Right33 viewsObverse:- GALLIEN[VSAV]G , Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- S[OLIC]ONSAVG , Pegasus springing right
Exergue:- A
RIC 283 GOBL 712b CUNETIO 1337
nogoodnicksleft
0009_MERGED2.jpg
Gallienus - Pegasus Right16 viewsObverse:- G[ALLIEN]VSAVG , Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- SOLICO[NSAVG] , Pegasus springing right
Exergue:- A
RIC 283 GOBL 712b CUNETIO 1337

A good example of over cleaning through electrolysis
nogoodnicksleft
ID0199_Merged_Pegasus_R.jpg
Gallienus - Pegasus Right29 viewsObverse:- GA[LLIEN]VSAVG , Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- SOLICONS[AVG] , Pegasus springing right
Exergue:- A
RIC 283 GOBL 712b CUNETIO 1337
1 commentsnogoodnicksleft
ID0196_Merged_Pegasus_R.jpg
Gallienus - Pegasus Right24 viewsObverse:- G[ALLIE]NVSAVG , Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- SOLICONS[AVG] , Pegasus springing right
Exergue:- A
RIC 283 GOBL 712b CUNETIO 1337
nogoodnicksleft
+Velia~0.jpg
GREEK, ITALY, LUCANIA, Velia - AR nomos181 views334-300 BC
Head of Athena left, wearing a crested Phrygian helmet decorated with a centaur
(KE) monogram of Kleudoros
Lion standing left devouring prey
A / Φ
YEΛHTΩN (unreadable)
Williams 328 (O174/R244); HN Italy 1294; SNG ANS 1337
7,19g
2 commentsJohny SYSEL
hetum.jpg
Hetoum I, 1226 - 1270 AD, AR Takvorin36 viewsCoin: AR Takvorin

Obverse: +ԿԱՐՈՂՈԹ - ՒիՆՆ ԱՅ Ե (By the Will of God), Hetoum and Zabel standing holding long Cross, circle of dots and legend around.
Reverse: +ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՑ (Hetoum King of the Armenians), crowned Lion right, left forepaw raised, long Patriarchal Cross behind, two ● to right and one below.

Weight: 3.094 g
Diametre: 20.1 mm
Die Axis: 270°

Reference: Bedoukian 935 - 938

Provenance: Purchased from "Forum Ancient Coins" in 2007, coin # 81045
Masis
hetum_kardez.jpg
Hetoum I, 1226-1270 AD, AE Kardez Sis42 viewsCoin: AE Kardez

Obverse: +ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (Hetoum King Of The Armenians), Hetoum seated facing holding sceptre with fleur-de-lis and Globus Cruciger, ✶ in left field.
Reverse: +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍՒՍ (Minted In The City Of Sis), around a Latin Cross,▕ in three corners, ◡ in top right.

Weight: 4.49 g
Diametre: 23 x 21 mm
Die axis: 180°
Mint: Sis
Reference: Bedoukian 1393

Provenance: Purchased from "Forum Ancient Coins" in 2007, coin # 81112
Masis
Hetoum_I_horseback.jpg
Hetoum I, 1226-1270 AD, AE Kardez Sis15 viewsHetoum I
King of Armenian Cilicia, 1226-1270 A.D.

Coin: AE Kardez

Obverse: +ՀԹՈՒՄ Թ...Ր ՀԱՅՈ (Hetoum King Of The Armenians), Hetoum I, crowned, on horseback, riding right, holding a Sceptre with his right hand. ✶ in left field.
Reverse: +ՇԻՆԵԱԼՒ ՔԱՂԱՔՒ ՍՒՍ (Minted In The City Of Sis), around a Cross.

Weight: 5.00 g
Diameter: 23.5 x 24.6 x 1.3 mm
Die axis: 340°
Mint: Sis
Masis
Hetoum_I_AE_Kardez_Bedoukian_1393.jpg
Hetoum I, 1226-1270 AD, AE Kardez Sis23 viewsHetoum I
King of Armenian Cilicia, 1226-1270 A.D.
Coin: AE Kardez
Obverse: +ՀԵԹ...ԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ...(Hetoum King of the Armenians), Hetoum, enthroned, facing, holding a Sceptre and Globus Cruciger. ✶ in left field.
Reverse: +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂ...Ի ՍԻՍ(Minted in the city of Sis), around a Latin Cross,▕ in three corners, ◡ in upper right.

Weight: 5.03 g, Diameter: 24 x 24.5 x 1.8 mm, Die axis: 320°, Mint: Sis, Reference: Bedoukian 1393
Masis
Hetoum_I_AE_Kardez_Bedoukian_1393_Second_example.jpg
Hetoum I, 1226-1270 AD, AE Kardez Sis18 viewsHetoum I
King of Armenian Cilicia, 1226-1270 A.D.

Coin: AE Kardez
Obverse: +ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (Hetoum King Of The Armenians), Hetoum, enthroned, facing, holding a Sceptre and Globus Cruciger, ✶ in left field.
Reverse: +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍՒՍ (Minted In The City Of Sis), around a Latin Cross,▕ in three corners, ◡ in top right.

Weight: 3.88 g, Diameter: 21.2 x 21.8 x 1.7 mm, Die axis: 330°, Mint: Sis
Reference: Bedoukian 1393
Masis
Hetoum_I_AE_Kardez.jpg
Hetoum I, 1226-1270 AD, AE Kardez, Sis, Leonine throne14 viewsHetoum I
King of Armenian Cilicia, 1226-1270 A.D.

Coin: AE Kardez
Obverse: ...Մ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ...(Hetoum King of the Armenians), Hetoum, enthroned upon a leonine throne, holding a Sceptre with his right hand and a Globus Cruciger with his left.
Reverse: +...ԵԱԼՒ...(Minted in the city of Sis), around a Latin Cross,▕ in each corner.

Weight: 2.52 g, Diameter: 21.6 x 20.3 x 1.5 mm, Die axis: 90°, Mint: Sis
Masis
Hetoum_II_B.jpg
Hetoum II, 1289-1303 AD, AE Kardez, Sis17 viewsHetoum II
King of Armenian Cilicia, 1289-1303 A.D.

Coin: AE Kardez
Obverse: +ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳ ՀԱՅՈՑ (Hetoum King of the Armenians), King Hetoum, seated in oriental style, holding a Mace with his right hand.
Reverse: +ՇԻՆԱ... (Minted in the city of Sis), around a Latin Cross,▕ in each corner. Possibly overstruck in an Arabic Islamic script, during the Mamluke conquest.

Weight: 2.92 g
Diameter: 21 x 19.9 x 0.8 mm
Die axis: 270°
Mint: Sis
Masis
Hetoum_II_facing_bust.jpg
Hetoum II, 1289-1303 AD, AE Kardez, Sis15 viewsHetoum II
King of Armenian Cilicia, 1289-1303 A.D.

Coin: AE Kardez

Obverse: +ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (Hetoum King Of The Armenians), crowned bust of Hetoum II, facing, looking left. ✶ in lower right field.
Reverse: +ՇԻՆԵԱԼՒ ՔԱՂԱՔ ՍՒՍ (Minted In The City Of Sis), around Patriarchal Cross.

Weight: 3.99 g
Diameter: 20.4 x 19.8 x 1.8 mm
Die axis: 190°
Mint: Sis
Masis
Hetoum_II_AE_Kardez.jpg
Hetoum II, 1289-1303 AD, AE Kardez, Sis12 viewsHetoum II
King of Armenian Cilicia, 1289-1303 A.D.

Coin: AE Kardez
Obverse: ...ՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱԻՈ ՀԱՅ (Hetoum King of the Armenians), Hetoum, enthroned, holding a Sceptre in right hand and Globus Cruciger in left.
Reverse: +ՇԻ...ՔԱՂԱԳՒ Ս (Minted in the city of Sis), around a Latin Cross.
Weight: 2.91 g, Diameter: 19.9 x 19.6 x 1.2 mm, Die axis: 260°, Mint: Sis
Masis
domitian_koinon.jpg
Koinon, AE 2412 viewsDomitian AE24, 7.1g, Province of Macedonia. AVT ΚΑΙΣΑΡ ΔΟΜΙΤΑΙΝΟΣ ΣΕΒ, laureate head right / ΚΟΙΝΩΝ ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ, Macedonian shield. SNG Cop 1337, Moushmov 5881.Podiceps
VA13374LG.jpg
L. Censorinus. 82 BC. 23 viewsIn the contest between Apollo and Marsyas, the terms stated that the winner could treat the defeated party any way he wanted. Since the contest was judged by the Muses, Marsyas naturally lost and was flayed alive in a cave near Celaenae for his hubris to challenge a god. Apollo then nailed Marsyas' skin to a pine tree, near Lake Aulocrene (the Turkish Karakuyu Gölü), which Strabo noted was full of the reeds from which the pipes were fashioned. Diodorus Siculus felt that Apollo must have repented this "excessive" deed, and said that he had laid aside his lyre for a while, but Karl Kerenyi observes of the flaying of Marsyas' "shaggy hide: a penalty which will not seem especially cruel if one assumes that Marsyas' animal guise was merely a masquerade." Classical Greeks were unaware of such shamanistic overtones, and the Flaying of Marsyas became a theme for painting and sculpture. His brothers, nymphs, gods and goddesses mourned his death, and their tears, according to Ovid's Metamorphoses, were the source of the river Marsyas in Phrygia, which joins the Meander near Celaenae, where Herodotus reported that the flayed skin of Marsyas was still to be seen, and Ptolemy Hephaestion recorded a "festival of Apollo, where the skins of all those victims one has flayed are offered to the god." Plato was of the opinion that it had been made into a wineskin.

There are alternative sources of this story which state that it wasn't actually Marsyas who challenged Apollo but Apollo who challenged Marsyas because of his jealousy of the satyr's ability to play the flute. Therefore, hubris would not necessarily be a theme in this tale; rather the capricious weakness of the gods and their equally weak nature in comparison to humans.

There are several versions of the contest; according to Hyginus, Marsyas was departing as victor after the first round, when Apollo, turning his lyre upside down, played the same tune. This was something that Marsyas could not do with his flute. According to another version Marsyas was defeated when Apollo added his voice to the sound of the lyre. Marsyas protested, arguing that the skill with the instrument was to be compared, not the voice. However, Apollo replied that when Marsyas blew into the pipes, he was doing almost the same thing himself. The Muses supported Apollo's claim, leading to his victory.

Ovid touches upon the theme of Marsyas twice, very briefly telling the tale in Metamorphoses vi.383–400, where he concentrates on the tears shed into the river Marsyas, and making an allusion in Fasti, vi.649–710, where Ovid's primary focus is on the aulos and the roles of flute-players rather than Marsyas, whose name is not actually mentioned.

AR Denarius (17mm - 3.97 g)

Laureate head of Apollo right / Satyr Marsyas standing left, holding wine skin over shoulder; column surmounted by statue to right.
1 commentsecoli
levon.jpg
LEVON I (1198-1219 A.D.)36 viewsAr Tram Armenia
O: +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱԵՈՐ ՀԱՅՈ:   Levon enthroned facing, holding cross and lis-tipped scepter; throne decorated with lions .
R:  +ԿԱՐՈՂՈՒԹՆ ԱՍՏՈՒԾՈՅ: Two lions rampant back-to-back, each with head reverted; between, long cross pattée.
Mint: uncertain, 1198-1219 AD
21 mm
2.9 gm
Bedoukian 498
2 commentsMat
levon_1st.jpg
Levon I, 1199 - 1219 AD, AR Takvorin47 viewsAR Takvorin

Obverse: +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (Levon King Of The Armenians), king Levon I seated facing on lion throne, wearing crown and royal mantle, holding a cross and fleur-de-lis.
Reverse: +ԿԱՐՈՂՈՒԹԲՆ ԱՍՏՈՒԾՈ (By The Grace Of God), crowned royal rampant lions flanking Patriarchal Cross.

Weight: 2.79 g
Diametre: 24 x 20.5 mm
Die axis: 250°

Reference: Bedoukian 221

Provenance: Purchased from "Axis Mundi" 2442 Cerillos Road #330 Santa Fe, NM, USA, in 2007
1 commentsMasis
Levon_I_AE_Tank.jpg
Levon I, 1199-1219 AD, AE Tank, Sis21 viewsLevon I
King of Armenian Cilicia, 1199-1219 A.D.

Coin: AE Tank
Obverse: +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (Levon King of the Armenians), crowned bust of a Lion, facing, looking right.
Reverse: +ՇԻՆԵԱԼՒ ՔԱՂԱՔ ՍՒՍ Ւ (Minted in the city of Sis), around a Patriarchal Cross, a ✬ to either side.

Weight: 7.96 g, Diameter: 27.8 x 28.6 x 1.9 mm, Die axis: 190°, Mint: Sis
Masis
levon_2nd.jpg
Levon II, 1270-1289 AD, AR Takvorin, Ayas45 viewsCoin: AR Takvorin

Obverse: +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈ (Levon King Of The Armenians), Levon II, crowned, on horseback, holding a Sceptre with his right hand. ● behind, in front of king and below horse.
Reverse: +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ԱԻԱ (Minted In The City Of Ayas), crowned Lion standing right, Patriarchal Cross behind.

Weight: 2.43 g
Diametre: 22 x 22 mm
Die axis: 20°
Mint: Ayas

Provenance: Purchased from "Pavlos S, Pavlou" 1-7 Davies Mews, Mayfair, London. 2007
1 commentsMasis
levon2d5.jpg
Levon II, AR Dram19 viewsLevon II, AR Dram, Sis mint. 18-22mm.

Obverse
Equestrian king, crowned and holding scepter capped with a fleur de lys and dots. Field marks: Cross to the left of king, and dot in a circle below horses belly.

+ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈ
Levon King of All Armenians.

Reverse
Lion walking to the right, cross with two bars behind.

+ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍԻՍ
Struck in the city of Sis.
Caffaro
Levon_III_AE_Kardez.jpg
Levon III, 1303-1307 AD, AE Kardez, Sis14 viewsLevon III
King of Armenian Cilicia, 1303-1307 A.D.

Coin: AE Kardez
Obverse: +ԼԵՒ...ԹԱԳ Հ (Levon King of the Armenians), Levon, seated on ground, holding a Sceptre in left hand and Cross in right.
Reverse: ...ՆԵԼ Ւ ՔԱՂ...(Minted in the city of Sis), around a Latin Cross.

Weight: 2.82 g, Diameter: 16.8 x 19.3 x 1.8 mm, Die axis: 180°, Mint: Sis
Masis
Levon_III_AE_Kardez_Second_example.jpg
Levon III, 1303-1307 AD, AE Kardez, Sis22 viewsLevon III
King of Armenian Cilicia, 1303-1307 A.D.

Coin: AE Kardez
Obverse: +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈ (Levon King of the Armenians), Levon, seated on ground, holding a Sceptre in left hand and Cross in right.
Reverse: +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱ(Levon King of the Armenians), around a Latin Cross.▕ in each corner.

Weight: 2.47 g, Diameter: 21.4 x 18 x 1.4 mm, Die axis: 310°, Mint: Sis

Obverse legend is blundered, and the reverse legend is a repeat of the obverse (but better written) instead of stating the mint.
Masis
Levon_IV_Large_Pogh.jpg
Levon IV, 1320-1342 AD, AE Large Pogh, Sis15 viewsLevon IV
King of Armenian Cilicia, 1320-1342 A.D.
Coin: AE Large Pogh
Obverse: +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒ...(Levon King of the Armenians), enthroned, facing, holding a Sceptre with his right hand and a Globus Cruciger with his left.
Reverse: +ՇԻՆԵԼ Ւ ՔԱՂԱՔ...(Minted in the city of Sis), around a Latin Cross, ● at each end,▕ in each corner.

Weight: 2.32 g, Diameter: 22.4 x 21.5 x 1.2 mm, Die axis: 90°, Mint: Sis
Masis
levon_4th.jpg
Levon IV, 1320-1342 AD, AR Takvorin51 viewsCoin: AR Takvorin

Obverse: +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈ (Levon King Of The Armenians), Levon Iv, on horseback, riding right, holding a Sceptre with his right hand. Ո and փ in left field.
Reverse: +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍԻ (Minted In The City Of Sis), crowned Lion walking right, Patriarchal Cross, ● behind.

Weight: 2.23 g
Diametre: 20 x 19.5 mm
Die axis: 220°
Mint: Sis
Reference: Bedoukian 1977 - 90

Provenance: Purchased from "Forum Ancient Coins" in 2007, coin # 81123
1 commentsMasis
levon_4th_os.jpg
Levon IV, 1320-1342 AD, AR Takvorin53 viewsCoin: AR Takvorin

Overstruck during the reign of Sultan Al-Nasir Muhammad of Egypt, third reign 1309 - 1341 AD.

Obverse: +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈ (Levon King Of The Armenians), Levon IV, crowned, on horseback, riding right, holding a Sceptre with his right hand.
Reverse: +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ԱԻԱ (Minted In The City Of Sis), Royal Lion standing right, Patriarchal Cross behind.

Weight: 2.33 g
Diametre: 20 x 18.5 mm
Die axis: 220°
Mint: Sis

Purchased in 2008
Masis
1337_Livia_Oea~0.jpg
Livia - Oea, Syrtica8 viewsAE as
22/23-29 AD
draped bust right, grain ear behind, peacock right
helmeted bust of Minerva left wearing aegis
WY'T in neophoenician script
MAA 35; Müller 35; SNG Copenhagen 34; RPC I 833
9,5g 24mm
ex Naville Numismatics
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
13370LG.jpg
MOESIA, Istros177 viewsMOESIA, Istros. Circa 4th Century BC. AR Drachm (5.86 gm).

Histria or Istros (Ancient Greek: Ἰστρίη, Thracian river god, Danube), was a Greek colony or polis (πόλις, city) near the mouths of the Danube (known as Ister in Ancient Greek), on the western coast of the Black Sea. Established by Milesian settlers in order to facilitate trade with the native Getae, it is considered the oldest urban settlement on Romanian territory. Scymnus of Chios (ca 110 BC), dated its founding to 630 BC, while Eusebius of Caesarea set it during the time of the 33rd Olympic Games (657 – 656 BC). The earliest documented currency on Romanian territory was an 8-gram silver drachma, issued by the city around 480 BC.

Archaeological evidence seems to confirm that all trade with the interior followed the foundation of Histria. Traders reached the interior via Histria and the Danube valley, demonstrated by finds of Attic black-figure pottery, coins, ornamental objects, an Ionian lebes and many fragments of amphoras. Amphoras have been found in great quantity at Histria, some imported but some local. Local pottery was produced following establishment of the colony and certainly before mid-6th century. During the archaic and classical periods, when Histria flourished, it was situated near fertile arable land. It served as a port of trade soon after its establishment, with fishing and agriculture as additional sources of income. By 100 AD, however, fishing had become the main source of Istrian revenue.

Around 30 AD, Histria came under Roman domination. During the Roman period from the 1st to 3rd centuries AD, temples were built for the Roman gods, besides a public bath and houses for the wealthy. Altogether, it was in continuous existence for some 14 centuries, starting with the Greek period up to the Roman-Byzantine period. The Halmyris bay where was the city founded was closed by sand deposits and access to the Black Sea gradually was cut. Trade continued until the 6th century AD. The invasion of the Avars and the Slavs in the 7th century AD almost entirely destroyed the fortress, and the Istrians dispersed; the name and the city disappeared.

Facing male heads, the left inverted / Sea-eagle left, grasping dolphin with talons; H between wing and tail, D below dolphin. SNG BMC Black Sea 245; Pick 431. EF.
Ex-Barry Murphy g30
2 commentsecoli
oshin.jpg
Oshin, 1308-1320 AD, Sis46 viewsCoin: AR Takvorin

Obverse: +ԱՒՇԻՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈՑ (Oshin King Of The Armenians), Oshin, crowned, on horseback riding right, holding a Sceptre with his right hand. Letter Տ next to horses head and Ա behind king
Reverse: +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ս (Minted In The City Of Sis), Royal Lion standing right with Patriarchal Cross, ● in upper left field.

Weight: 2.29 g
Diametre: 20.5 x 19 mm
Die axis: 220°
Mint: Sis

Purchased from an Armenian seller of Armenian coins on eBay, 2007
Masis
Caracalla,_Pisidia_Antioch_Caracalla_Genius_Branch_Q-001_0h,_6,06_g_,_22_mm-sa~0.jpg
Pisidia, Antioch, 051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), SNG Righetti 1337, AE-22, -/-//--, ANTIOCH GEN COL CA, Fortuna or female Genius standing left, #1115 viewsPisidia, Antioch, 051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), SNG Righetti 1337, AE-22, -/-//--, ANTIOCH GEN COL CA, Fortuna or female Genius standing left, #1
avers: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
reverse: ANTIOCH GEN COL CA, Fortuna or female Genius standing left, holding branch and cornucopiae.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 6,06g, axis: 0h,
mint: Pisidia, Antioch, date: 198-203 A.D., ref: SNG Righetti 1337, SNG Leypold II 1994,
Q-001
quadrans
1291~0.jpg
PROBUS RIC 416 VAR. F19 BUST15 viewsOBVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO (Sol in Temple)
BUST TYPE: F19 = radiate, heroically nude bust left, holding spear and aegis, seen from rear
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//SXXT
WEIGHT 3.59 g / AXIS: 6h / DIAMETER: 21mm
RIC: 416 VAR. (UNLISTED WITH F19 BUST)
COLLECTION NO. 1291

NOTE: very rare and desirable reverse type!

Ex Ph. Gysen collection

6th known specimen to me (the other being: KUENKER 273/918 = EX Sternberg XI/804; CAYON SUBASTAS Auction June 2010 1337 = M.Vosper COLLECTION; ELSEN 97/430; EBAY 2008-04-17; WILDWINDS RIC 416)
Barnaba6
1337~0.jpg
PROBUS RIC 862 VAR. H7 BUST OFFICINA 114 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: H7 = Radiate bust right in imperial mantle (toga picta and tunica palmata) without scipio
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//KA•A•
WEIGHT 3.75g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22 mm
RIC 862 var. (unlisted with H7 bust)
COLLECTION NO. 1337
Note: very rare and desirable bust type !

ONLY SECOND SPECIMEN KNOWN TO ME (THE OTHER BEING LANZ 114/720)

Ex Ph. Gysen collection
Barnaba6
MISC_Ragusa_dinar_Group_I_Type_--.jpg
Republic of Ragusa (now, Dubrovnik, Croatia)13 viewsViščević --; Rešetar --; Mimica --

AR dinar (= grosso or groš). Viščević Group I, struck 1337-1438, unlisted Type (updating Rešetar [Rešetar unlisted Type]). Group struck with approximate weight between 1.100-1.841 g. (varying by year/type, but generally decreasing) with a fineness of .916 AR and an approximate size between 19-21 mm. (varying by year/type); 1.12 g., 19.04 mm. max., 180°

Obv.: S • BLASIV – S • R • AGVSII • (no cross-bars in letters A), nimbate (milled aureole) St. Blasé with forked beard, raising right hand in benediction and holding bishop's crozier (knotted crozier with knotted crook) in left hand.

Rev.: Nimbate (milled aureole with smooth rays) bust of Jesus, raising right hand in benediction and holding book in left hand, IE – XE (with central bar in letters E) (= Jesus Christ) across field.

The dinar was minted following the edict issued by the Great Council in 1337 and continued until 1621. The weight standard (1 dinar = 30 folari) was based on the Venetian standard, and the depiction of Jesus on the reverse is borrowed from the Venetian golden ducat. The depiction of St. Blase on the obverse is patterned on the portrayal by Ancona of its patron saint on its coins.

The devices on this coin do not match any of the 16 types of Group I coins (without marks) listed by Viščevic/Rešetar. The legend is unlisted in Viščevic/Rešetar for Group I. Given the generally diminishing weights of the types, this coin was probably struck in or after 1372.
1 commentsStkp
MISC_Ragusa_dinar_Group_III_Type_50_Viscevic_5_700.jpg
Republic of Ragusa (now, Dubrovnik, Croatia)6 viewsViščević 5.700; Rešetar 1425; Mimica –

AR dinar (= grosso or groš). Viščević Group III Type 50 Variety 4, struck 1594-1613 (updating Rešetar [Rešetar Type 46]). Type struck with approximate weight of .64 g. (.52 g. to .78 g. range) with a fineness of .916 AR and an approximate size of 18 mm.; .56 g., 17.13 mm. max., 180°

Obv.: S BLASIVS – RAGVSI – I (cross-bars in letters A), nimbate (milled aureole) St. Blasé, raising right hand in benediction and holding bishop's crozier (knotted crozier with knotted crook) and city gates with three towers on chest, R in left field.

Rev.: Nimbate (smooth aureole with smooth rays) bust of Jesus, raising right hand in benediction and holding gospel book (without dots) in left hand, head of St. Blasé on chest, IE - XE (= Jesus Christ) across field.

The dinar was minted following the edict issued by the Great Council in 1337 and continued until 1621. The weight standard (1 dinar = 30 folari) was based on the Venetian standard, and the depiction of Jesus on the obverse is borrowed from the Venetian golden ducat. The depiction of St. Blase on the reverse is patterned on the portrayal by Ancona of its patron saint on its coins. The designation of obverse and reverse is per Dimnik & Dobrinić, who note that most references designate the sides in opposite manner.
Stkp
MISC_Ragussa_dinar_Group_3_Type_51_Viscevic_5_711.jpg
Republic of Ragusa (now, Dubrovnik, Croatia)5 viewsViščević 5.711; Rešetar 1442; Mimica --

AR dinar (= grosso or groš). Viščević Group III Type 51, struck 1617-1621 (updating Rešetar [Rešetar Type 47]). Type struck with approximate weight of .64 g. (.54 g. to .73 g. range) with a fineness of .800 AR and an approximate size of 17 mm.; .68 g., 17.34 mm. max., 270°

Obv.: S • BLASIVS -- RACVSI • (no cross-bars in letters A), nimbate (smooth aureole) St. Blasé, raising right hand in benediction and holding bishop's crozier (smooth crozier with knotted crook) and city in left hand, R in left field.

Rev.: Nimbate (smooth aureole with smooth rays) bust of Jesus (with long hair), raising right hand in benediction and holding globe in left hand, IE - XP (= Jesus Christ) across field.

The dinar was minted following the edict issued by the Great Council in 1337 and continued until 1621. The weight standard (1 dinar = 30 folari) was based on the Venetian standard, and the depiction of Jesus on the reverse is borrowed from the Venetian golden ducat. The depiction of St. Blase on the obverse is patterned on the portrayal by Ancona of its patron saint on its coins.
Stkp
RIC_1337_Vespasianus.jpg
RIC 1337 Vespasianus24 viewsObv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG P M TR P, Laureate head right
Rev: IMP V P P COS II DESIG III FORT RED / S C (in field), Fortuna standing left, with hand on prow and cornucopia
AE/As (28.24 mm 12.05 g 6h) Struck in Tarraco (Spain) 70 A.D.
RIC 1337 (R), L 1989-4-6-2
ex Soler Y Llach(E) Subasta 1089-2 lote 2649
FlaviusDomitianus
705_Skotussa.JPG
Skotussa - AE4 viewsc. 394-367 BC
head of young Herakles left wearing lion's skin
horse forepart right
Σ_KO ΦΠA
Rogers 541, fig. 299; Nomos 4, 1337; SNG Copenhagen 255.
2,15g
ex Gitbud and Naumann
Johny SYSEL
Smbad_AE_Kardez.jpg
Smbad, 1296 - 1298 AD, AE Kardez, Sis, Fleur dis lis12 viewsSmbad
King of Armenian Cilicia, 1296-1298 A.D.

Coin: AE Kardez

Obverse: +ՍՄԲԱՏ ԹԱ..., Smbad, crowned, on horseback, riding right, holding a Sceptre with his right hand.
Reverse: +ՇԻՆԵԱԼՒ ՔԱՂԱՔՒ ՍՒՍ, around a Latin Cross with ⚜ in each corner.

Weight: 1.86 g, Diameter: 16.9 x 18.7 x 0.8 mm, Die axis: 0°, Mint: Sis
Masis
GratusLargeAmphoraI.jpg
Valerius Gratus86 viewsJUDAEA, Procurators. Valerius Gratus. 15-26 CE. Ć Prutah 15mm, Jerusalem mint. Dated RY 4 of Tiberius (17 CE).
O: TIBEPIOC (Tiberius) above vine leaf and tendril on branch.
R: KAICAP (Caesar) above kantharos (drinking vessel) with scroll handles, L–Δ (date) across lower field.
Meshorer 325; Hendin 1337; RPC I 4962.

Gratus is best known for being the governor who removed High Priest Annas ben Seth, appointing Ishmael ben Phabi I, Eleazar ben Ananias and Josephus Caiphas. According to the Talmud, money was paid to obtain the position of High priest, leading to the frequent change in this appointment.

Caiphas officiated during Jesus’ earthly ministry and the early part of the apostles’ ministry. He presided as high priest over Jesus’ trial before the Sanhedrin, in company with his father-in-law Annas. [Mt 26:3, 57; Lu 3:2; Joh 11:49, 51; 18:13, 14, 24, 28] He and Annas called Peter and John before them and commanded them to stop preaching. [Ac 4:6, 18] Caiaphas was the high priest who authorized Saul to receive letters to the synagogue at Damascus for the arrest of Christians.—Ac 9:1, 2, 14

Interestingly, this coin might be the last issued by Gratus. Kenneth Lonnqvist suggests that Pontius Pilate may have replaced Gratus as early as 17/18 CE rather than 26. His arguement is based on both the metallurgy of the later coins as well as the palm branch iconography which "as far as Roman provincial coinage of Judaea is concerned-mostly or always connected with the arrival of a new Roman governor."
1 commentsNemonater
Velia.jpg
Velia - AR nomos7 views334-300 BC
Head of Athena left, wearing a crested Phrygian helmet decorated with a Centaur
(KE) monogram of Kleudoros
Lion standing left devouring prey
A / Φ
YEΛHTΩN on raised platform (unreadable)
Williams 328 (O174/R244); HN Italy 1294; SNG ANS 1337
7,19g
ex Lanz
Johny SYSEL
   
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