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HYDERABAD_FEUDATORIES_-_AURANGABAD_-_ELICHPUR_-_1_PAISA_-_AH_1250-1285_-_11_66gm0.jpg
19 viewsAntonivs Protti
HYDERABAD_FEUDATORIES_-_AURANGABAD_-_ELICHPUR_-_1_PAISA_-_AH_1250-1285_-_11_35gm0.jpg
12 viewsAntonivs Protti
HYDERABAD_FEUDATORIES_-_AURANGABAD_-_ELICHPUR_-_1_PAISA_-_AH_1250-1285_-_11_35gm.jpg
15 viewsAntonivs Protti
HYDERABAD_FEUDATORIES_-_AURANGABAD_-_ELICHPUR_-_1_PAISA_-_AH_1250-1285_-_11_68gm0.jpg
17 viewsAntonivs Protti
HYDERABAD_FEUDATORIES_-_AURANGABAD_-_ELICHPUR_-_1_PAISA_-_AH_1250-1285_-_11_68gm.jpg
18 viewsAntonivs Protti
coinI_copy.jpg
Antiochos IX, Kyzikenos26 viewsAE 18, Syria, Antiochos IX, ca. 116-95 B.C. Obv: Head of bearded Herakles facing right. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΞΟΥ ΦΙΛΟ ΠΑΤΡΟΥ around Athena standing left, holding Nike, monogram and aplustre in field. Black patina, gF. Lindgren I, 1867, SC 1250, Hoover HGC 9, 1250 (S).Molinari
louis8-9-denier-tournois.JPG
Dy.187 Louis VIII (the Lion) or IX (Saint Louis): denier tournois19 viewsLouis VIII, king of France (1223-1226) or Louis IX, king of France (1226-1270)
Denier tournois (1223-1250)

Billon, 0.81 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 4h30
O: +LVDOVICVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS CIVI; châtel tournois

The question of the attribution of this denier to Louis VIII or to the first part of Louis IX's reign is difficult. Indeed, Louis VIII only ruled for 3 years and both the father and the son have the same name...
Droger
louis8-9-denier-tournois2.JPG
Dy.188 Louis VIII (the Lion) or IX (Saint Louis): denier tournois21 viewsLouis VIII, king of France (1223-1226) or Louis IX, king of France (1226-1270)
Denier tournois (1223-1250)

Billon, 0.70 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 11h
O: +LVDOVICVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONIS CIVI; châtel tournois

Just a slightly modified legend (TVRONIS instead of TVRONVS) with respect to the previous denier.
Droger
louis9-denier-tournois.JPG
Dy.193A Louis IX (Saint Louis): denier tournois34 viewsLouis IX, king of France (1226-1270)
Denier tournois (1250-1270)

Billon (229 ‰), 0.95 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h30
O: +LVDOVICVS.REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS.CIVIS; châtel tournois

The difference between the deniers tournois of the first and second part of Saint Louis' reign is the absence or presence of an S at the end of CIVI(S) on the reverse.
Droger
vienne-denier.JPG
Vienne archibishopric : denier (Vienne)26 viewsVienne archibishopric, anonymous (1200-1250)

Silver, 0.66 g, diameter 16 mm, die axis 5h

O/ +•S•M•VIENNA•; left bearded and bare head of Saint Maurice
R/ MAXIMA.GALL (dashed L); cross pattée with 4 pellets
1 commentsDroger
RPC_65_AS_ITALICA_Tiberio.jpg
04-40 - Cnia. Itálica - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)18 viewsAE AS 27/29 mm 13.85 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR AVGVSTVS PONT MAX IMP" (Leyenda anti-horaria), Cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "MVNIC ITALIC PERM DIVI AVG" (Leyenda anti-horaria), Altar en el que se inscribe en tres líneas "PROVIDE / NTIAE / AVGVSTI".

Acuńada 14 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Cnia. Municipium Itálica, Hispania (Hoy Saltipontes, Sevilla, Espańa)

Referencias: RPC #65, SNG Cop #417, ACIP #3333, Vives Pl.CLXVIII #9, ABH #1593, Burgos #1250, Chaves #115-263, GMI #A1049-1051, FAB #1683 P.205, Sear GICV #253 P.24, Cohen I #89 P.197, Heiss #8 P.380, Mionnet Vol.I #131 P.17/18
mdelvalle
HENRY_III.JPG
1216 – 1272, Henry III, AR Penny, Struck 1248 - 1250 at London, England (Long cross type)45 viewsObverse: HENRICVS REX : III. Crowned bust of Henry III facing within circle of pellets. Mintmark: Six pointed star.
Reverse: NICOLE ON LVND. Voided long cross dividing legend into quarters, trefoil in each quarter of inner circle. Moneyer: Nicole, cognate with the modern English name of Nicholas. The surname Nicole originates in the Netherlands where it was notable for its various branches, and associated status or influence. The modern given name Nicole is a French feminine derivative of the masculine given name Nicolas.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.3gms | Die Axis: 6
SPINK: 1363

The First Barons' War (1215–1217) was a civil war in England in which a group of rebellious barons led by Robert Fitzwalter and supported by a French army under the future Louis VIII of France, waged war against King John of England. The war resulted from King John's refusal to accept and abide by the Magna Carta, which he had been forced to put his seal to on 15th June 1215, as well as from Louis' own ambitions regarding the English throne.
It was in the middle of this war that King John died leaving his son, the nine year old Henry III (who had been moved to safety at Corfe Castle in Dorset along with his mother, Queen Isabella) as his heir.
On his deathbed John appointed a council of thirteen executors to help Henry reclaim the kingdom, requesting that his son be placed into the guardianship of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke. The loyalists decided to crown Henry immediately to reinforce his claim to the throne. William knighted the boy, and Cardinal Guala Bicchieri, the papal legate to England, then oversaw his coronation at Gloucester Cathedral on 28th October 1216. In the absence of the archbishops of either Canterbury or York, Henry was anointed by the bishops of Worcester and Exeter, and crowned by Peter des Roches, bishop of Winchester. During the civil war the royal crown had been lost, so instead, the ceremony used a simple gold corolla belonging to Queen Isabella. In 1217, Henry's forces, led by William Marshal, finally defeated the rebels at the battles of Lincoln and Sandwich.
Henry's early rule was dominated first by Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent and Justiciar of England and Ireland, then by Peter des Roches, and they re-established royal authority after the war. In 1225 Henry promised to abide by the final and definitative version of the Magna Carta, freely authenticated by the great seal of Henry III himself, which protected the rights of the major barons and placed a limit on royal power. It is the clauses of this, the 1225 Magna Carta signed by Henry III, not the King John Magna Carta of 1215, which are on the Statute Books of the United Kingdom today.
4 comments*Alex
782_P_Hadrian_RPC1250.jpg
1250 PONTUS, Amisus Hadrian Drachm 131-32 AD Athena standing14 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1250; SNG Copenhagen 178; Rec. 80, Nordbř 1c, 36-62

Issue Year 163 (ΡΞΓ)

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒ Π Π ΥΠ Γ
laureate head of Hadrian, right with drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. ΑΜΙСΟΥ ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΑС ΕΤΟΥС ΡΞΓ
Athena standing facing, head l., holding Nike on extended r. hand, l. resting on shield.

3.0 gr
18 mm
6h
okidoki
30o-Constantinopoli-Cyz-108.jpg
30o. Constantinopoli commemorative: Cyzicus.34 viewsAE3, 330 - 335, Cyzicus mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTINOPOLI / Helmeted bust of Constantinople, facing left, and holding a sceptre.
Reverse: Victory standing on prow of galley, holding sceptre and leaning on shield.
Mint mark: . SMKΔ
2.35 gm., 19 mm.
RIC #108; LRBC # 1250; Sear #16478.
1 commentsCallimachus
12509977_971701676246844_1250419116_o.jpg
51 Constantius I Chlorus RIC 59a24 viewsConstantius I Chlorus (293-305 AD as Caesar)305-306 AD. AE Large Follis. Antioch Mint. 304-305 AD. (28mm, 11.02g) Obv: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right. Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, holding patera and cornucopia.
RIC 59a

Ex: Holding History, Agora Auction
1 commentsPaddy
1250_P_Hadrian_RPC5893.jpg
5893 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 133-34 AD Isis Pharia advancing28 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5893; Emmett 1000.18; Köln 1117

Issue L IH = year 18

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝ - ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., seen from rear

Rev. L ΙΗ
Isis Pharia advancing, right, holding sistrum and sail

22.41 gr
32 mm
12h
3 commentsokidoki
MOR_Sidi_Mohammed_KM_C_166_1_1290_Fes.JPG
Alawi Sharifs (Morocco). Sidi Mohammed IV (1859-1873)225 viewsKM C 166.1, Eustache 1250, Valentine 145

Cast Bronze, 4 fallus dated 1290 A.H. = 1873/74 A.D., Fes mint, 27 mm.

Obv: Seal of Solomon.

Rev: Mint name (Fes) and date (1290) within two circles.
1 commentsStkp
Antioch_Mint_Elagabalus_Bronze_Coin.jpg
Antioch Mint Elagabalus Bronze Coin80 viewsElagabalus 218 - 222 AD., Antioch S&P Mint. 21 mm 3.9 gram coin_1250
Obverse: Head Right
Reverse: SC in wreath
Type I Waage 584

Antonivs Protti
Antioch_Mint_Elagabalus_Bronze_Coin_2.jpg
Antioch Mint Elagabalus Bronze Coin82 viewsElagabalus 218 - 222 AD., Antioch S&P Mint, Bronze 20 mm 3.9 gram coin
Obverse: Head Right
Reverse: SC in wreath _1250

Antonivs Protti
volusian-antioch-pisidia-provincial.jpg
Antioch Pisidia, Volusian (251-253 AD) AE238 viewsRoman Provincial, Antioch Pisidia, Volusian (251-253 AD) AE23

Obverse: IMP C V IMP CA LVSSIANO AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from the back.

Reverse: ANTIOC-HIO CLA, Vexilium surmounted by eagle, between two standards. SR in exergue.

Reference: Lindgren 1250,; BMC 133

Ex: VCoins - Sphinx Numismatics - Youssef Mishriki
Gil-galad
Antioch_S___P_Mint_Marcus_Aurelius_Bronze_Coin.jpg
Antioch S & P Mint Marcus Aurelius Bronze Coin80 viewsMarcus Aurelius 161 - 180 AD., Antioch S & P Mint , Bronze 22 mm 6.9 gram coin
Obverse: Bust Right
Reverse: SC in wreath _1250 sold


Antonivs Protti
Arkadian_League_Peloponnesus_Megalopolis_Silver_Triobol.jpg
Arkadian League Peloponnesus Megalopolis Silver Triobol38 viewsArkadian League Peloponnesus Megalopolis
Silver triobol 2.2 gram good silver
Arkadian League. AR Triobol. 195-188 BC. . Laureate head of Zeus left. / Naked Pan seated left on rock, right hand raised, holding lagobolon in left, before him eagle flying left, AΡK monogram in left field, Δelta in right field. Sear SG 2690; BCD 1547.5; Agrinion hoard 230. _12500

Antonivs Protti
RS001-Roman-AE_as,_Augustus_(ca_7_BC)-012500.JPG
AUGUSTUS (27 BC-14 AD), AE as, struck ca. 7 BC, moneyer M. Salvius Otho139 viewsObverse- CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNEC POT, bare head of Augustus right.
Reverse - M SALVIVS OTHO III VIR AAA F F around large S C.
RIC 431, 27.5mm, 11.4g.
NGC VG (Strike 3/5, Surfaces 4/5), cert. #4094567-002.
Ex-Incitatus Coins, Canada, May 2007, through VCoins store (purchased raw).
Comments: I find it interesting that the moneyer's name on this coin is the same as that of the emperor Otho who ruled 76 years later. I suspect the circa-7 BC moneyer named on this coin was the grandfather of that short-lived 69 AD emperor. This coin was part of my first Roman collection, was sold in 2008, and bought back in August 2011.
3 commentslordmarcovan
HERMANN OF BADEN ENNS.jpg
AUSTRIA - Herman of Baden127 viewsAUSTRIA - Herman of Baden (1248-1250) AR Pfennig. Enns mint. Obv.: Lion right, Austrian shield above. Rev.: Lion left beneath egale with open wings. Reference: Luschin #52-a.dpaul7
frederick_II.png
BCC 2352 viewsCrusader - Medieval BCC 23
Frederick II 1198-1250 CE
Kingdom of Sicily and Jeru-
salem 1229-1243 CE
Obv: +F.ROMANORVM
Yoke, below, I P R
Rev: IERSL.ET.SICIL.R
(Jerusalem and Sicily R.)
Cross with four crescents.
AR 16.5mm 0.8g Axis: 0
v-drome
Bostha_Arabia_Mint_Severus_Alexander_Bronze_Coin.jpg
Bostha Arabia Mint Severus Alexander Bronze Coin32 viewsSeverus Alexander 222 - 235 AD., Bostha Arabia Mint, Bronze 20 mm 7.0 gram coin
Obverse: Bust Right
Reverse: Turreted bust of Tyche Left _1250


Antonivs Protti
Buckle-01_AE_Q-001_32x21mm_6,32g-s.jpg
Buckle #001 Rectangular AE Buckle,121 viewsBuckle #001
type: Rectangular AE Buckle,
size: 32x21mm,
weight: 6,32g,
date:14th-17th centuries A.D.,
ref: Ross Whitehead - Buckles 1250-1800, No 126.
distribution: ???,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Cru_bezant_w.jpg
Crusaders58 viewsAu bezant, imitating Fatimid dinar of al-Amir
Struck in Acre (?), c.1187-1250
Metcalf 136-139
3.86 gm, 22 mm
1 commentsManzikert
19.jpg
Crusaders , Principality of Antioch, Bohemond IV 2nd Reign - Bohemond V, 1215 - 125024 viewsCrusaders, Principality of Antioch, Bohemond IV 2nd Reign - Bohemond V, 1215 - 1250 . Bronze pougeoise
obverse : + BOAMVNDVS, fleur de lis with three pointed splayed foot, flanked by two pellets above
reverse : + ANTIOCHIA, cross pattée; with pellet in each angle;
CCS 110
Vladislav D
112.jpg
Crusaders . Principality of Antioch, Bohemond IV-V (1215-1250)26 viewsPrincipality of Antioch, Bohemond IV-V (1215-1250)
AE pougeoise . 0.59 gr
O : + BOAMVNDVS, fleur-de-lis, pellets in upper angles,
R : + ANTIOCHIA, cross pattée, no pellets
CCS 107 .
Ex Jacobowitz .
Vladislav D
22.jpg
Crusaders . Principality of Antioch, Bohemond IV-V (1215-1250)24 views Principality of Antioch, Bohemond IV-V (1215-1250)
AE pougeoise . 0.86 gr.
R : + ANTIOCHIA, cross pattée, pellet in each angle
O : + BOAMVNDVS, fleur-de-lis, foot ends with three points, pellets in upper angles .
CCS 107 .
Vladislav D
20.jpg
Crusaders . Principality of Antioch, Bohemond IV 2nd Reign - Bohemond V, 1215 - 1250 22 viewsCrusaders, Principality of Antioch, Bohemond IV 2nd Reign - Bohemond V, 1215 - 1250 . Bronze pougeoise
obverse : + BOAMVNDVS, fleur de lis with three pointed splayed foot, flanked by two pellets above
reverse : + ANTIOCHIA, cross pattée; with pellet in each angle;
CCS 110 ?
Vladislav D
31820q00.jpg
Crusaders . Principality of Antioch, Bohemond IV or Bohemond V, c. 1215 - 125045 viewsCrusaders . Principality of Antioch, Bohemond IV or Bohemond V, c. 1215 - 1250
Bronze pougeoise, 0.757g, 15.4mm
O : + BOAMVNDVS, fleur-de-lis, foot ends with three points, pellets in upper angles, open bottom V, wire borders
R : + ANTIOCHIA, cross pattée, pellet in each angle, H-like A's, wire borders
CCS 110
Ex FORUM ; Ex Malloy
Vladislavs D
C653ECA2-859E-4783-B657-5B7D0C00C9BC.jpeg
Crusaders . Principality of Antioch, Late Anonymous 1250-1268 AE 39 viewsCrusaders . Principality of Antioch, Late Anonymous 1250-1268 AE
15.4 mm , 0.32 g.
A-N-T-V counterclockwise in the angles of a long cross pattée
blundered A-N-T-I in the angles of a long cross pattée
Seltman, NC 1966, p. 61, 2 var.; CCS 132 var.
Ex Slocum Collection, Sotheby's, London, Auction of March 6th, 1997, lot 164 ; ex collection of Alex G. Malloy ; Forum Ancient Coins,April 2013 ; Ex Erich Wäckerlin collection
Ex Münzen & Medaillen GmbH
Auction 47 lot 160 .
1 commentsVladislav D
tripoli_sidon.jpg
Crusaders, Tripoli, Sidon or Other Uncertain Syrian City, 1250 - 1268 . AE - Pougeoise53 viewsCrusaders, Tripoli, Sidon or Other Uncertain Syrian City, 1250 - 1268 .
AE - Pougeoise . 15mm.
Obverse : Uncertain blundered Arabic legend, cross pommeté, pellets in upper left and lower right quarters.
Reverse : uncertain blundered Arabic legend, six-rayed chrismon pommeté .
CCS 35 .
Very Rare .
Vladislav D
9C6D2C04-80EC-4212-8765-A3B60EB50585.jpeg
Crusaders, Tripoli, Sidon or Other Uncertain Syrian City, 1250 - 1268 . AE - Pougeoise .25 viewsCrusaders, Tripoli, Sidon or Other Uncertain Syrian City, 1250 - 1268 .
AE - Pougeoise . 0.63 g
Obverse : Uncertain blundered Arabic legend, cross pommeté, pellets in upper left and lower right quarters.
Reverse : uncertain blundered Arabic legend, six-rayed chrismon

CCS 35 .
Ex Byzantium Coins, Wolfgang Leimenstoll, Gundelfingen, April 2011.
Ex Erich Wäckerlin collection
Ex Münzen & Medaillen GmbH
Auction 47 lot 67
Vladislav D
trsid.jpg
Crusaders, Tripoli, Sidon or Other Uncertain Syrian City, 1250 - 1268 . AE - Pougeoise47 viewsCrusaders, Tripoli, Sidon or Other Uncertain Syrian City, 1250 - 1268 .
AE - Pougeoise . 14-17 mm ; 0,5 g
Obverse : Uncertain blundered Arabic legend, cross pommeté, pellets in upper left and lower right quarters.
Reverse : uncertain blundered Arabic legend, six-rayed chrismon pommeté .
CCS 35 .
Very Rare .
Vladislav D
sd.jpg
Crusaders, Tripoli, Sidon or Other Uncertain Syrian City, 1250 - 1268 . AE - Pougeoise 31 viewsCrusaders, Tripoli, Sidon or Other Uncertain Syrian City, 1250 - 1268 .
AE - Pougeoise . 16 mm , 0.53 g
Obverse : uncertain blundered Arabic legend, six-rayed chrismon pommeté .
Reverse : Uncertain blundered Arabic legend, cross pommeté, pellets in upper left and lower right quarters.

CCS 35 .
Very Rare .
Vladislav D
044~4.JPG
Dauphiné - Archevęché de Vienne - Anonyme vers 1200-1250, France.7 viewsDenier, argent, 0,97 g.
Av./ + S M VIENNA, tęte ŕ gauche.
Rv./ MAXIMA GALL, croix cantonnée de quatre besants.
Réfs : PA-4828
Gabalor
100~2.JPG
Dauphiné - Archevęché de Vienne - Anonyme vers 1200-1250, France.5 viewsDenier, argent, 0,79 g.
Av./ + S M VIENNA, tęte ŕ gauche.
Rv./ MAXIMA GALL, croix cantonnée de quatre besants.
Réfs : PA-4828
Gabalor
ELICHPUR_1_Paisa_.jpg
ELICHPUR - Hyderabad Feudatory State11 viewsELICHPUR - Hyderabad Feudatory State. Cu Paisa, AH 1250-AD 1834. Obv.: Tier right. Rev.: "Zarb Elichpur". 1250 (date is JUST visible at bottom). Reference: Craig #C10a.dpaul7
MED-England,_HENRY_III_-3.jpg
England, Henry III 1248 - 1250 3 viewsSilver Penny - London

Moneyer - Nicole

NGC Graded AU-55

S-1361A

Purchased from Australia

My cost was $190
Richard M10
MISC_England_Henry_III.jpg
England. Plantagenet. Henry III (1216-1272)12 viewsNorth 988; Spink 1364

AR penny, voided long cross coinage, Lawrence System class 3c (struck 1248-1250), refined by Churchill and Thompson as class 3d1 (struck 1250) Type L446, London mint, by moneyer Nicholas of St. Albans. 1.38 g., 18.35 mm. max., 0°.

Obv: Initial mark: [Six-pointed star with rounded or angular points (MM4)], hENRICVS REX : III apostrophe (NR ligated; wedge-footed R [R1]; pellet in S), Crowned facing bust with pointed chin, pellets above lower hair curls (PL4), beard of pellets, no scepter.

Rev: NIC-OLE ON L-VND (ON and ND ligated, pellets on Ns in third and fourth quadrants), voided long cross with trefoil of pellets in each angle, eight pellets per quadrant in inner circle.

Note: There were 711 class 3d1 coins issued by Nicholas of St. Albans from the London mint in the Brussels Hoard, spread between 11 Churchill and Thompson types. Type L446 coins were the most common type, represented by 520 coins.
1 commentsStkp
FH-G-046_(0s).jpg
FH-G-04612 views
Syria, Seleukid Kingdom; Antiochus IX Philopator Kyzikenos; Antioch 114-96 BC; Bronze AE18

- Laureate head of bearded Herakles right, round dot border

- BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY / ΦIΛOΠATΡOΣ
- BASILEWS / ANTIOXOY / FILOPATOROS
- Athena standing left, holding Nike and resting left hand on shield at her side, spear behind her.

5.30gm / 18.31mm / Axis: 0

References:
Hoover 1250
SC 2368
BMC 24
Sear Greece 7172
CSE 344

Notes: Dec 20, 15 - Obverse is high off center but shows decent detail. Reverse is left off centered on a tight flan. Left control marks (if present) are off flan. There appears to be a date mark in exergue, but it is under corrosion and unidentifiable at this point. – Compare to coin found here: http://www.stoa.org/gallery/album266/17_Ant_IX_AE_19?full=1 from The Ruth and Louise McCollum Memorial Collection of Ancient Coin Images (Link courtesy of Mark Lehman)
Jonathan P
FF_Brittany_John_the_Red.JPG
France (Feudal): Duchy of Brittany. John I, “the Red” (1237-1286)36 viewsRoberts 4611 var., Poey d'Avant 356 var. (plate 11, no. 14), Boudeau 36-37 var. , Duplessy 73 var. (apparently no pellet on obverse after the X in the sources)

AR denier, Vannes mint [?], ca. 1250 [?], 19 mm.

Obv: + IOhANNES•DVX•, central cross.

Rev: + B-RIT-ANI-E, triangular shield of the house of Dreux in Brittany consisting of three spots and field of ermine.

John I (c. 1217/18–1286), known as John the Red due to the color of his beard, was the son of Duke Peter I, Duke of Brittany jure uxoris and Alix of Thouars, hereditary Duchess of Brittany. He was hereditary duke from 1221, upon his mother’s death, but his father ruled as regent until he reached adulthood. He experienced a number of conflicts with the Bishop of Nantes and the Breton clergy. In 1240, he issued an edict expelling Jews from the duchy and cancelling all debts to them. He joined Louis IX of France in the Eighth Crusade (1270), and survived the plague that killed the king. The duchy of Brittany experienced a century of peace, beginning with John I and ending with Duke John III's reign in 1341.
1 commentsStkp
FF_Vienne.jpg
France (Feudal): Vienne, Archbishopric, 11th and 12th Centuries6 viewsRoberts 5045, Poey d'Avant 4828 Plate CVI/17, Boudeau 1046.

Billon denier, Vienne mint, ca. 1200-1250: .82 g. 17.35 mm. max., 270

Obv.: + S • M • VIENNA • (= Saint Maurice of Vienne), bearded head of St. Maurice left.

Rev.: MAXIMA GALL (= Greater Gaul), cross with pellets.

Vienne was the first bishopric of Gaul, occupied by the legendary St. Crescens. The bishops became archbishops around 450 A.D. Its archbishops and those of Lyon disputed the title of "Primate of All the Gauls" based on the dates of founding of the cities compared to the dates of founding of the bishoprics.
Stkp
francst.jpg
France (Feudal): Vienne, Archbishopric, 11th and 12th Centuries28 viewsBillon Denier
O: + S • M • VIENNA • (= Saint Maurice of Vienne), bearded head of St. Maurice left.
R: MAXIMA GALL (= Greater Gaul), cross with pellets.
Vienne mint, (1200-1250 A.D.)
18mm
.80g
Roberts 5045, Poey d'Avant 4828 Plate CVI/17, Boudeau 1046.
1 commentsMat
Coin1001_quad_sm.jpg
Galerius Concordia Militum Ӕ post-reform radiate fraction (295 - 299), Cyzicus mint6 viewsGAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped (?) and cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA MI-LITVM + KB in lower centre, Prince (the left figure) standing right in military dress, holding parazonium or baton of imperium, receiving small Victory with a wreath and palm branch on globe from naked Jupiter (the right figure) standing left holding tall scepter.

Ӕ, 20mm, 2.36g, die axis 6h, base metal seems red, high copper content.

Galerius ruled as Caesar from 293 to 305, but most sources give minting years for this type of coin as 295-299.

RIC VI Cyzicus 19b (18b?), Sear 3713. 19b has cuirassed and draped bust, 18b -- only cuirassed. I think the edge of the military cape on the shoulder means it is draped in this case, but distinction seems very vague to me. Looking at coins identified as 18b and 19b I cannot see any clear pattern, it seems that many are confused in this respect just like myself.

GALerius VALerius MAXIMIANUS NOBilitas CAESar (in this era the title of "junior" emperor while Augustus was a "senior" one), CONCORDIA MILITVM = [Dedicated to] harmony with the soldiers, K = Kysikos (Cyzicus) mint, B = officina Beta (workshop #2). The figure to the right is naked except for a cape, so it is a god, the sceptre points to him being Jupiter, the ruler of gods. Jupiter is also typically associated with Victory, he was often depicted with Victory in the right hand and sceptre in the left. The line across his head probably designates a wreath, also a common feature of Jupiter. Victory holds her common attributes, the triumphal wreath and a palm branch, the orb she stands on represents the world (thus meaning dominion over it). Round Earth was a firmly established concept in Roman times. The left figure, the prince (Galerius in this case) is identified by his full battle dress and the hand-held short elongated shape, which is either the ivory baton of imperium (the high command) or, more likely, a parazonium, a long triangular dagger, typically cradled in the bearer's left arm. A Roman parazonium blade tended to be leaf shape and approximately 15"-19" long. It was a ceremonial weapon, a mark of high rank, used to rally the troops.

GALERIUS, * c. 250, near Serdica, Dacia Ripensis (Sofia, Bulgaria) or in a Dacian place later called Felix Romuliana (Gamzigrad, Serbia) † late Apr or early May 311 (aged ~60), Serdica, Dacia Ripensis (Sofia, Bulgaria) ‡ 1 Mar or 21 May 293 – 1 May 305 (as Eastern Caesar, under Diocletian), 1 May 305 – late Apr or early May 311 (as Eastern Augustus with many co-emperors).

Galerius was born of humble parentage and had a distinguished military career. On March 1, 293, he was nominated as Caesar by Diocletian, the supreme ruler of the empire, to help him govern the East. Galerius divorced his wife and married Diocletian’s daughter, Valeria. After ruling from Egypt from 293 to 295, Galerius assumed command of defensive operations against the Sasanians in 297. After being defeated, he then won a decisive victory that increased his influence with Diocletian. Galerius next proceeded to the Balkans and won numerous victories in the region. A staunch pagan, he persuaded the emperor to initiate the persecution of the Christians at Nicomedia in 303.

When Diocletian abdicated on May 1, 305, Galerius became Augustus of the East, ruling the Balkans and Anatolia. Since Galerius had arranged the appointment of two of his favourites, Maximinus (his nephew) and Flavius Valerius Severus, to be Caesars in both East and West, he was in effect the supreme ruler. When Constantius Chlorus died in 306, Galerius insisted that Severus govern the West as Augustus, but he grudgingly conceded the subordinate title of caesar to Chlorus’s son, Constantine, who was correctly suspected of Christian sympathies. Galerius’s supremacy was, however, short-lived. Severus was soon overthrown (306) and killed by Maxentius (son of the former emperor Maximian). Galerius invaded Italy but was forced to retreat. In 308 he induced Diocletian and Maximian to meet him at Carnuntum on the Danube and to declare Maxentius a usurper. On November 11, Galerius proclaimed as Augustus of the West his friend Licinius, who had effective control only in the region of the Danube.

A ruthless ruler, Galerius imposed the poll tax on the urban population and maintained the persecution of the Christians. In the winter of 310–311, however, he became incapacitated with a horrible disease. Fearing, perhaps, that his illness was the vengeance of the Christian God, he issued on April 30, 311, an edict grudgingly granting toleration. Shortly afterward he died. He was succeeded by his nephew Maximinus Daia.

Diocletian's money reform of 293.

Trying to fight the runaway inflation that he did not understand and to return people's faith in Roman coins, Diocletian did a complete overhaul of the Roman monetary system. He introduced a new theoretical base monetary unit called the denarius communis or d.c. (only rarely represented by actual coins, one example being old pre-Aurelian antoniniani still in circulation, valued now at 1 d. c., another – minted only on a small scale 1.5g coin with the reverse legend VTILITAS PVBLICA, "for public use"). Then he started minting new types of coins including a gold aureus of new purity and weight standard (1/60 pound of pure gold), a quality silver coin, argenteus, roughly similar to the early imperial denarius in size and weight, a new billon coin, of a copper alloy but with a small fraction of silver mostly in the form of coating, roughly similar to the old antoninianus when it was just introduced, however bearing now a laureate rather than a radiate bust. This type of coin is now commonly referred to as a follis or a nummus. Finally, a new radiate bronze coin, now referred to as a "radiate fraction" or a radiatus was introduced, similar to the early imperial aes in value, but much smaller in weight and size. There were also rare issues of ˝ and Ľ nummus coins, mostly in connection to some celebration. Interestingly, the obverses of these new coins were chosen to represent some identical "generic" image of a "good emperor" independent of the actual likeness of the August or Caesar in whose name they were issued, thus affirming the unity of all the tetrarchy rulers. Very roughly one may think of a new radiatus as a price of one loaf of bread, a new argenteus as a very good daily wage, and a new aureus as a price of a good horse. An approximate relationship between these units was as follows: 1 aureus ≈ 20 argentei ≈ 1000 d.c. (some scholars prefer 25 argentei and 1250 d.c.); 1 argenteus ≈ 5 nummi ≈ 50 d.c.; 1 nummus ≈ 5 radiati ≈ 10 d.c.; 1 radiatus ≈ 2 d.c. Of course we know that this reform was ineffective and inflation continued, so all these values were constantly shifting due to changing markets. Diocletian himself stopped minting argenteus in c. 305, and Constantine in his monetary reforms only re-established a new and highly successful gold standard, solidus (1/72 pound of pure gold, surprisingly actually first introduced also by Diocletian in 301, but only as a pilot version). As for billon and bronze coins, "folles" or "nummi", they were minted in all shapes and sizes all over the 4th century, often horribly debased by inflation, and their values at each point can only be guessed. It seems that in later times up to 1000 small bronze coins were sealed in a leather pouch to produce a reasonable unit of payment, thus giving rise to the name follis (lit. "bag" in Latin), which is now anachronistically applied to many billon and bronze coins of the late 3d and 4th century.
Yurii P
CHINGIZID_MONGKE_PUL_-BULGHAR_MINT.jpg
GREAT MONGOLS - (Chingizids) Möngke32 viewsGREAT MONGOLS - (Chingizids) Möngke, AH649-658/1251-1260AD - This is a very rare copper pul (19 mm) of Munke, or Mongke-kaan, the Great Khan (1251 – 1260). In his name, the very first Jujid coins were minted in the city Bulghar. Obverse: tamgha of Munke in the form of a double trident, crossed by a wavy tamgha of Mas'ud Beg; the name Munke ka’an, with an epitaph "the greatest". Reverse: "Mint of Bulghar". The coin is undated, but it's attributed to 1250's. Cataloged as Yanina #4 and Singatullina #9. dpaul7
gx10-s.jpg
Greek, Macedonian Kingdom, Philip V (221-179 B.C.), SNG Cop 1250, AE-21, Pella mint, Two goats kneeling right,212 viewsPhilip V., Macedonia, Kings, (221-179 B.C.), SNG Cop 1250, AE-21, Pella mint, Two goats kneeling right,
avers:- Head of young Herakles right, clad in lion's skin.
revers:-Two goats kneeling right side by side, BA above, Φ below.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 21 mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Macedonia, Kings, Philippos V., Pella mint, date: 221-179 B.C., ref: SNG Cop 1250,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
HUN_Bela_IV_Huszar_306.JPG
Huszár 306, Unger 228, RĂ©thy I 24136 viewsHungary. Béla IV (1235-1270). AR denar, 12 mm.

Obv: Castle bastion above crescent, lilies to left and right.

Rev: Hebrew letter ח (Chet) in a floral wreath.

The side of the coin bearing the castle bastion is identified in Huszár and Réthy as the obverse, but as the reverse in Unger, and in Rengjeo and Mimica.

Issued by Chenok, who was a kammergraf from 1250-1260, but whose initial first appeared on the coins closer to the end of his tenure in office (as determined by Rádóczy and Nagy, per Friedenberg; also per Pohl).

The coins of Béla IV were initially struck with a fineness of 0.800 silver, and later with a fineness of .900, and with an average weight of .52 g. (per Huszár at 11).

Also Rengjeo 42 and Mimica 42. Rengjeo and Mimica refer to this emission as a Croatian Freisacher issued under King Andrew II (András, in Hun.) (1205-1235) and Dukes Béla (1220-1226; governor of Dalmatia and Croatia) and Coloman (Kálmán, in Hun.) (1226-1235; duke of Dalmatia and Croatia). This attribution was initially made by Hóman in 1920, who tentatively assigned this emission to a mint in Zagreb. However, Metcalf notes that the basis of this attribution has been proven to be erroneous, and that the consensus among Hungarian numismatists is that the emission is Hungarian.

Huszár rarity rating 6. This emission is recorded with and without a star within the crescent. This coin lacks the star, as per Huszár.

Stkp
HUN_Bela_IV_Huszar_307.JPG
Huszár 307, Unger 229, RĂ©thy I 24217 viewsHungary. Béla IV (1235-1270). AR obolus, 9 mm.

Obv: Castle bastion above crescent, lilies to left and right.

Rev: Hebrew letter ח (Chet) in a floral wreath.

The side of the coin bearing the castle bastion is identified in Huszár and Réthy as the obverse, but as the reverse in Unger, and in Rengjeo and Mimica.

Issued by Chenok, who was a kammergraf from 1250-1260, but whose initial first appeared on the coins closer to the end of his tenure in office (as determined by Rádóczy and Nagy, per Friedenberg; also per Pohl).

The coins of Béla IV were initially struck with a fineness of 0.800 silver, and later with a fineness of .900 (per Huszár at 11).

Also Rengjeo 43 and Mimica 43. Rengjeo and Mimica refer to this emission as a Croatian Freisacher issued under King Andrew II (András, in Hun.) (1205-1235) and Dukes Béla (1220-1226; governor of Dalmatia and Croatia) and Coloman (Kálmán, in Hun.) (1226-1235; duke of Dalmatia and Croatia). This attribution was initially made by Hóman in 1920, who tentatively assigned this emission to a mint in Zagreb. However, Metcalf notes that the basis of this attribution has been proven to be erroneous, and that the consensus among Hungarian numismatists is that the emission is Hungarian.

Huszár rarity rating 8.
Stkp
HUN_Bela_IV_Huszar_313.JPG
Huszár 313, Unger 235, RĂ©thy I 24643 viewsHungary. Béla IV (1235-1270). AR denar, 12 mm.

Obv: + BELA • ח • (Hebrew letter Chet) — + REX •, Crowned bust facing front.

Rev: Eagle with spread wings.

None of the catalogs note the presence of the Hebrew letter in their text; Huszár refers to the Hebrew letter as a retrograde K. The letter is noted by Rádóczy and Nagy, per Friedenberg.

Issued by Chenok, who was a kammergraf from 1250-1260, but whose initial first appeared on the coins closer to the end of his tenure in office (as determined by Rádóczy and Nagy, per Friedenberg; also per Pohl, except that Pohl does not associate Chenok with this emission).

The coins of Béla IV were initially struck with a fineness of 0.800 silver, and later with a fineness of .900, and with an average weight of .52 g. (per Huszár at 11).

Huszár rarity rating 5. This emission is recorded with and without pellets before and after the Hebrew letter. This coin has the pellets, as per Huszár.
Stkp
HYDERABAD_FEUDATORIES_-_AURANGABAD_-_ELICHPUR_-_1_PAISA_-_AH_1250-1285_-_11_66gm.jpg
HYDERABAD FEUDATORIES - AURANGABAD - ELICHPUR - 1 PAISA - AH 1250-1285 - 11.66gm14 views___600Antonivs Protti
s-l1600_(50).jpg
India-Princely States HYDERABAD FEUDATORIES -AURANGABAD - ELICHPUR - 1 PAISA - 17 viewsAH 1250-1285
5 COPPERCoins Lot
Lot Weight - 57.5gm
Antonivs Protti
Album-2894.jpg
Iran, Qajar Shahs: Fath 'Ali Shah (1212-1250 AH) AR Qiran, Dar al-Dawla Kirmanshahan, AH 1242 (Album-2894; KM-710.10; SICA-9, 1276v)6 views.SpongeBob
Album-2859.jpg
Iran, Qajar Shahs: Fath 'Ali Shah (1212-1250 AH) AV Toman, Dar al-Marz Rasht, 1217 AH (Album 2859)24 viewsObv: السّلطان ابن السّلطان فتحعلي شاه قاجار (Sultan Bin Sultan Fath 'Ali Shah Qajar)
Rev: ضرب دارالمرز رشت ۱۲۱۷ (Zarb dar al-marz Rasht, 1217; struck at the seat or capital of the borders, Rasht, 1217)
Quant.Geek
MISC_Verona_Biaggi_2969.JPG
Italian States. Verona. 47 viewsBiaggi 2969, CNI __

AR denaro piccolo, 13 mm. (scyphate), struck by Frederick II of Hohenstaufen (Federico II di Svevia) (1218-1250)

Obv (concave): F’ – CI – VI – CI (retrograde) in intersecting cross.

Rev (convex): VE – RO – N – A, in intersecting cross.
Stkp
MISC_Italian_States_Ancona.jpg
Italian States: Ancona. Republic14 viewsBiaggi 33; CNI v. VIII p. 2, 6, cf. plate I/2-3

Billon denaro, struck ca. 1250-1348. 0.48 g., 15.08 mm. max.; 0°

Obv.: + • PP • S • QVI • RI • A •, VCS around central pellet

Rev.: DE ANCONA, cross pattée.

During this period Ancona was an oligarchic republic, ruled by six elected Elders. In 1348, after the city was weakened by the black death and a fire, the Malatesta family took control.

The obverse legend refers to Saint Judas Cyriacus (Quiriacus), patron Saint of Ancona.
Stkp
RPC_Italica_Tiberius.JPG
Italica (Hispanica). Tiberius (14-37 A.D.)13 viewsRPC I 65; SNG Copenhagen 417, Burgos 1250.

AE 27 mm, die orientation 90°.

Obv: [TI] CAESAR • AVGVSTVS [PON MAX IMP], bare head right (counterclockwise legend).

Rev: [DIVI •] AVG • MVNIC • [ITALIC] PER[M •], square quare altar inscribed [PROVIDE]/NTI[AE]/[A]VGVS[TI•] (counterclockwise legend).
Stkp
VERONA.jpg
ITALY - VERONA100 viewsItaly, Verona. Anonymous billon denario. 13th century. Denomination : Billon Denaro or Piccolo. Date : Issued anonymously, but at about the time of Friedrick II, ca. AD 1218 to 1250. Reference : Thompson #1940. Size : about 13 mm, scyphate. Weight : 0.33 grams. Grade : VF toned. Obverse : Long cross with a circle ove it, withVERONA outside of the circle and between the arms of the cross. Some of the letters in VERONA are ligate. The obverse is on the convex side. Reverse : Long cross with a circle on it, with CIVI CIVI between the arms of the cross. The letters are crudely engraved, and some are retrograde, so difficult to read. The reverse is on the concave side.
dpaul7
3~16.PNG
King Henry III Short Cross Penny Silver18 viewsKing Henry III (1216-1272) Short Cross Penny Silver Dated-(1248-1250)

Obverse: facing bust holding sceptre to left with legend +HENRICVS R EX

Reverse: short cross with four pellets in each quarter and legend +ILGERONLVND
discwizard
71888q00.jpg
Kingdom of JERUSALEM . Imitative of Damascus Dirham of Ayyubid al-Salih Isma'il and the Abbasid Caliph al-Mustansir, 1244 - 125038 viewsKingdom of JERUSALEM . Imitative of Damascus Dirham of Ayyubid al-Salih Isma'il and the Abbasid Caliph al-Mustansir, 1244 - 1250
2.894g, 22.9mm, Acre(?) mint, 1244 - 1250
obverse : Arabic legends: in center: "al-Malik al-Salih / Imad al-Dunya wa'l-Din / Isma'il b. Abi Bakr", in margins: "In the name of God, struck in Damascus year 641 (or another year)" (or similar, blundered, margins mostly off flan)
reverse : Arabic legends: in center: "al- Imam / Al-Mustansir / billah Abu Ja'far / al-Mansur Amir al-Mu'mininin", in margins: "There is no god but God alone; none is associated with him; Muhammad is the Messenger of God" (or similar, blundered, margins mostly off flan).
Bates Crusader type I, Balog 36 - 37 ; CCS 3
Ex Alex G. Malloy ; Ex FORUM
Vladislav D
5129_(1)_5130.jpg
Licinius I, Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI9 viewsAE Follis
Licinius I
Augustus: 308 - 324AD
Issued: 313 - 315AD
24.0 x 22.0mm 2.80gr
O: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG; Laureate head, right.
R: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI; Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; eagle, left.
Exergue: H, right field; SMK, below line.
Cyzicus Mint
RIC VII Cyzicus 4, H; Sear 15218.
Aorta: 367; B8, O8, R28, T36, M5.
davidr814 112504155298
8/5/17 8/9/17
Nicholas Z
Tabala_Demos_Hermos_AE20_5_11g.jpg
Lydia, Tabala, Senate / river god Hermos, AE2031 views20mm, 5.10g, 180°
obverse IEPA CYNKLHTOC, draped youthful bust of the Roman Senate right
reverse TABALEWN / EPMOC, river god Hermos reclining left, holding reed and cornucopia, resting on urn

SNG Aulock 3190; SNG Leypold 1250; Lindgren 825; SNG Righetti 1096; SNG München; SNG Tübingen 3832f.

ex FORVM
areich
AR_106.JPG
MACEDON Autonomous issue,185-168 BC.AR Tetrobol(1.92gm) 34 viewsMACEDON Autonomous issue,185-168 BC.AR Tetrobol(1.92gm)
obv: Wreathed head of Maenad
rev : Stem of gallery
12500 CNG.Cop.1292.
Antonivs Protti
Philip_V_,_Macedonia,_Kings,_(221-179_B_C_),_SNG_Cop_1250,_AE-21_Q-001_h_21mm_ga-s.jpg
Macedonia, Kings, 032 Philip V., (221-179 B.C.), SNG Cop 1250, AE-21, Pella mint, Two goats kneeling right, #1146 viewsMacedonia, Kings, 032 Philip V., (221-179 B.C.), SNG Cop 1250, AE-21, Pella mint, Two goats kneeling right, #1
avers: Head of young Herakles right, clad in lion's skin.
reverse: Two goats kneeling right side by side, BA above, Φ below.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 21 mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Macedonia, Kings, Philip V., Pella mint, date: 221-179 B.C., ref: SNG Cop 1250,
Q-001
quadrans
Philip_V_,_Macedonia,_Kings,_(221-179_B_C_),_SNG_Cop_1250,_AE-21_Q-002_h_21mm_ga-s.jpg
Macedonia, Kings, 032 Philip V., (221-179 B.C.), SNG Cop 1250, AE-21, Pella mint, Two goats kneeling right, #2141 viewsMacedonia, Kings, 032 Philip V., (221-179 B.C.), SNG Cop 1250, AE-21, Pella mint, Two goats kneeling right, #2
avers: Head of young Herakles right, clad in lion's skin.
reverse: Two goats kneeling right side by side, BA above, Φ below.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 21 mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Macedonia, Kings, Philip V., Pella mint, date: 221-179 B.C., ref: SNG Cop 1250,
Q-002
quadrans
SNG_Cop-1250.jpg
Macedonian Kingdom: Philip V (221-179 BCE) Ć Unit (SNG Alpha Bank 1090-1; Touratsoglou, Macedonia 14; SNG München 1163; SNG Cop. 1250-1251)19 viewsObv: Head of youthful Herakles to right, wearing lion skin
Rev: BA Φ; Two goats kneeling to right, corn of ear below
Quant.Geek
9821250283_f5bfbb2088_o.jpg
Manuel Ier sb 19805 viewsSégusiaves
00260.jpg
Marcus Aurelius (RIC 1250, Coin #260)11 viewsRIC 1250 (C), AE Sestertius, Rome, 179-180 AD.
Obv: M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXXIIII Laureate & cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS AVG IMP X COS III P P Virtus seated right holding spear and parazonium. S C in fields.
Size: 31.0mm 21.00gm
MaynardGee
BYZANTINE_FOLLIS_3.JPG
Massive 27-28mm Uncleaned Byzantine Coin - EF++38 viewsEXCEPTIONAL BYZANTINE FOLLIS 27-28mm COIN HAS A DARK COLOUR WITH THE DESERT PATINA IN BACKGROUND
GREAT DETAIL 1250
Antonio Protti
1248_-_1250_HENRY_III_AR_Penny.JPG
Medieval, England, Henry III (1216 – 1272), AR Penny struck 1248 - 1250 at London17 viewsObverse: HENRICVS REX : III. Crowned bust of Henry III facing within circle of pellets. Mintmark: Six pointed star.
Reverse: NICOLE ON LVND. Voided long cross dividing legend into quarters, trefoil in each quarter of inner circle. Moneyer, Nicholas.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.3gms | Die Axis: 6
SPINK: 1363
*Alex
nikopolis_commodus_HrHJ(2012)8_10_57_5.JPG
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 10. Commodus, HrHJ (2018) 8.10.47.0527 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 20, 2.79g, 19.58mm, 30°
obv. AV KAI - KOMODOC
laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOL - ITWN PROC I
Tripod with lebes, central leg entwined by snake, head r.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1250 (1ex., Wien)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2206
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.10.47.5 (same dies)
F+, some incrustations, oval flan
Jochen
nikopolis_commodus_Tripod_neu.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 10. Commodus, HrHJ (2018) 8.10.47.07 corr. #1 (plate coin)27 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 18, 2.41g, 18.21mm, 0°
obv. AV KAI [A] - V KOMODOC
Head, laureate, r.
rev. NIKOPOLITWN PROC ICT
Tripod with snake entwined around central and l. foot, head. r.
ref. a) not in AMNG:
cf. AMNG I/1, 1250
b) not in Varbanov (engl.):
cf. #2196 (different rev. legend)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) 8.10.47.7 (plate coin, writes PROC IC)
F/about VF

There seem to be some more letters in ex.: TRON?
Never seen before a snake entwined around 2 feet!
Jochen
nikopolis_commodus_HrHJ(2015)8_10_47_7corr.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 10. Commodus, HrHJ (2018) 8.10.47.07 corr. #2 (plate coin)6 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 17, 2.94g, 17.16mm, 30°
obv. AV KAI A - V KOMODO(sic!)
Laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLITWN PROC ICT
Tripod with lebes, l. and central foot entwined by snake, head r.
ref. a) not in AMNG:
cf. AMNG I/1, 1250 (for the type only)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2200
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.10.47.7 corr. (plate coin, writes PROC IC)
F+/about VF, black green patina, obv. somewhat excentric
Jochen
nikopolis_commodus_HrHJ(2017)8_10_47_7corr.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 10. Commodus, HrHJ (2018) 8.10.47.07 corr. #37 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 18, 3.02g, 18.19mm, 30°
obv. AVT KAI A - V KOMODOC
Laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLITWN PROC ICT
Tripod, left and central foot entwined by snake, head r.
ref. a) not in AMNG:
cf. AMNG I/1, 1250 (for the type only)
b) not in Varbanov
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.10.47.7 corr. (writes PROC IC)
VF, black green patina
Jochen
nikopolis_commodus_HrHJ(2018)8_10_47_7corr.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 10. Commodus, HrHJ (2018) 8.10.47.7 corr.11 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 18, 2.94g, 17.51mm, 180°
obv. AVT KAI A - V KOMODOC
Laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLITWN PROC ICT / RON(sic!)
Tripod, central and l. foot entwined by snake, head r.
ref- a) AMNG I/1, 1250 (1 ex., Wien)
b) not in Varbanov
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.10.47.7 corr.
F-/F+

This is the first coin, where the unknown legend in ex. is decipherably. Until now the ex. was always outside the flan. But already the depicted coins have had remains of the legend in ex. Now the legend is completed.
1 commentsJochen
Spahr-85.jpg
Normans in Sicily: Frederick II (1197-1250) AV Tarě, Messina (Spahr-85; MEC-163; MIR-78; D’Andrea-138)21 viewsObv: Pseudo-Cufic circular legend; in center, six pellets
Rev: Cross between IC XC / NI KA

SpongeBob
Spahr-66.jpg
Normans in Sicily: Frederick II (1198-1250) AV Tarě, Brindisi (Spahr 66-69; MIR-76; D’Andrea-140; MEC 529-31)12 viewsObv: Circular pseudo-Cufic legend; in center, crowned eagle looking left, with dot above left wing
Rev: Cross between IC XC NI KA
SpongeBob
lg_follis_012508_1.jpg
Phocas (Augustus) AE Follis67 viewsPhocas (Augustus)
AE 40 Nummi 8.61g / 27mm / -
dN FOCA NE PE AV - Phocas standing facing, holding globus cruciger, on left, Leontia standing facing, holding cruciform scepter, on right, cross between their heads
A / N / N / O, r. II - Large M with cross above, ANNO and regnal year to sides.
Exergue: THEUP
Mint: Theoupolis (Antioch) (603/604 AD)
References: Sear 671, BMC 102
Scotvs Capitis
pontos.jpg
Pontos, Chabakta; Ares/ sword in sheath42 viewsPontos, Chabakta 85-65 BC, 18mm, 7.95. Obverse: head of Ares right in crested helmet. Reverse: CABAKTWN; sword in sheath. SNG BM 1250, SNG Copenhagen 205-206, SNG von Aulock 91. Ex areichPodiceps
00madera.jpg
PRECOLUMBIAN45 viewsChancay. 1250-1320 AD. 12,8 cms. Wood staff finial representing a vulture ( possibly a condor) attacking a coiled snake. Stone and spondylus inlays.benito
1250.jpg
PROBUS RIC 326 CONCORD MILI24 viewsOBVERSE: IMP•C•PROBVS•P•F•AVG
REVERSE: CONCORD MILI
BUST TYPE: B = Radiate, cuirassed bust right
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//PXXT
WEIGHT 3.95g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22MM
RIC: 326
COLLECTION NO. 1250

Note: rare spelling variant with CONCORD MILI instead of CONCORD MILIT as usual
Barnaba6
5133_5134~0.jpg
Probus, Antoninianus, SECVRIT PERP, EQVITI Series 2, Ticinum13 viewsAE Antoninianus
Probus
Augustus: 276 - 282AD
Issued: 281AD
25.0 x 23.5mm 4.40gr, 6h
O: IMP C PROBVS AVG; Radiate, mantled bust left, holding eagle-tipped scepter.
R: SECVRIT PERP; Securitas standing left, leaning on column, legs crossed and hand to head.
Exergue: I, right field; VIXXI, below line.
Ticinum Mint, Sixth officina.
Second Series of EQVITI issues from the Ticinum Mint. Coin six of six.
RIC V-2, Ticinum 525.
Aorta: B48, O50, R146, T123, M7.
davidr814 112504155179
8/5/17 8/9/17
Nicholas Z
5133_5134.jpg
Probus, Antoninianus, SECVRIT PERP: EQVITI Series 2, Ticinum, I, VIXXI11 viewsAE Antoninianus
Probus
Augustus: 276 - 282AD
Issued: 281AD
25.0 x 23.5mm 4.40gr, 6h
O: IMP C PROBVS AVG; Radiate, mantled bust left, holding eagle-tipped scepter.
R: SECVRIT PERP; Securitas standing left, leaning on column, legs crossed and hand to head.
Exergue: I, right field; VIXXI, below line.
Ticinum Mint
Second Series of EQVITI issues from the Ticinum Mint. Coin six of six.
RIC V-2, Ticinum 525.
Aorta: B48, O50, R146, T123, M7.
davidr814 112504155179
8/5/17 8/9/17
Nicholas Z
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Provence - Archevęché d'Arles, anonyme, vers 1250.9 viewsPetit denier, argent, 0,46 g
A/ +ARChI EPI, crosse.
R/ ARELATEN, croix coupant la légende
Réfs : Poey d'Avant 4089
Gabalor
095~0.JPG
Provence - Archevęché d'Arles, anonyme, vers 1250.5 viewsPetit denier, argent, 0,45 g
A/ +ARChI EPI, crosse.
R/ ARELATEN, croix coupant la légende
Réfs : Poey d'Avant 4089
Gabalor
Ptolemy_III_Bronze_Coin.jpg
Ptolemy III Euergetes ("Benefactor"), King of Egypt 246-221 BC.65 viewsBronze 40 mm 65.4 gram
Obverse: Bust of Zeus Right
Reverse: Eagle Left _12500 sold
Antonivs Protti
1250c.jpg
rsc1512 viewsElagabalus
AR Denarius

Obv: IMP ANTONINVS AVG, laureate draped bust right
Rev: P M TR P III COS III P P, Jupiter, naked to waist, seated left on throne holding Victory and sceptre, eagle at feet
18 mm, 3.29 gms

RSC 151, RIC 27
Charles M
Comb13032017101250[1].jpg
Septimius Severus, 193 - 211 A.D. Silver denarius, Rome.8 viewsObv. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII, laureate head right.
Rev. P M TR P V COS II P P, Genius standing left sacrificing from patera in right hand over lit and garlanded altar, holding heads of grain in left hand.
References: RIC IV 105, Rome mint.
2.31 grams and 17mm.
Canaan
Clipboard6~3.JPG
SICILY Frederick II, Emperor and King of Sicily, 1197-1250.44 viewsSICILY Frederick II, Emperor and King of Sicily, 1197-1250.
Ae Denar, IPR ligated. Cross, in the recesses of crescents.
1 commentsancientone
Sicyon_Peloponnesos_Silver_Hemidrachm.jpg
Sicyon Peloponnesos Silver Hemidrachm25 viewsSecyon Peloponnesos
Silver Hemidrachm 2.8 gram
Obverse: Chimaera standing Left
Reverse: Dove flying Left _12500

Antonivs Protti
MISC_Silesia_Schweidnitz.jpg
Silesia, Schweidnitz (anonymous civic issue) under Kingdom of Bohemia.9 viewsKopicki 8697, Saurma 212/95, Friedensburg 704.

AR bracteate heller, ca. 1430; .13 gr., 13.59 mm. max.

Obv. Boar's head with long tusks facing right, within circular border.

Schweidnitz became a town in 1250, and was then part of the Duchy of Breslau (now Wrocław). From 1291-1392 it was the capital of the Duchy of Schweidnitz under Polish Piast dukes. It was then incorporated into the Kingdom of Bohemia, where it remained until 1526, when Silesia came under the rule of the Habsburg Monarchy. It was annexed by Prussia during the First Silesian War (1740-42), eventually becoming part of Germany. After World War II most of Silesia became part of Poland, and the city was officially renamed Świdnica.
Stkp
s-l1600_(62)~0.jpg
Spain - Itálica, Santiponce - (Sevilla) AE As. 23 viewsSpain - Itálica, Santiponce - (Sevilla) AE As. 28 mm / 11,76 gr.

Tiberius AE28 of Italica, Spain. TI CAESAR AVGVSTVS PONT MAX IMP, bare head right / MVNIC ITALIC PERM DIVI AVG, altar inscribed PROVIDE-NTIAE-AVGVSTI in three lines.
RPC 65; ACIP 3333; Burgos 1250: RPC 65
Antonivs Protti
FC22.jpg
SPAIN, Italica. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Ć “As” 32 viewsSPAIN, Italica. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Ć “As” (29mm, 12.61 g, 9h). Bare head right / Square altar inscribed in three lines. RPC I 65; Burgos 1250; SNG Copenhagen 417. Joe Geranio Collection.Joe Geranio
6183154407_b5c78581eb_b.jpg
T 07040 viewsKangra Rajas
Singara
Chandra Deva, after 1250
crawforde
Tetricus_I_ric_136.JPG
Tetricus I, 271 - 274 AD41 viewsObv: IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Tetricus I facing right.

Rev: SPES PVBLICA, Spes advancing left holding a flower and lifting her skirt.

Billon Antoninianus, Cologne mint, 272 - 273 AD

2.6 grams, 19.4 mm, 0°

RIC Vii 136, S11250
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Tiberio_Italica.jpg
Tiberius - Spain - Italica, Santiponce (Sevilla), Ae As21 viewsTiberius AE28 of Italica, Spain. TI CAESAR AVGVSTVS PONT MAX IMP, bare head right / MVNIC ITALIC PERM DIVI AVG, altar inscribed PROVIDE-NTIAE-AVGVSTI in three lines.
RPC 65; ACIP 3333; Burgos 1250: RPC 65
28 mm / 12.89 gr.
Antonivs Protti
Tiberio_Italica.jpg
Tiberius Provinvial AE29 Italica, Spain22 viewsTiberius Provincial AE29 of Italica, Spain.

Obv: TI CAESAR AVGVSTVS PONT MAX IMP, bare head right
Rev: MVNIC ITALIC PERM DIVI AVG, altar inscribed PROIDENTIAE AVGVSTI.

Ref: Burgos 1250. RPC 65

16,7g, 27mm
Sergio Orata
Uncertain_Ionia_(Electrum_Scarab).jpg
Uncertain, Ionia - [cf. CNG 72, lot 774 (hemihekte); CNG 81, lot 534 (hekte); CNG Coin Shop Inv. #765642 (hemihekte); CNG 51, lot 432 (trite); NAC 23, lot 1250 (trite) - All listed as unique or extremely rare. No rev. match w/ listed coin]284 viewsElectrum Hemihekte, Samian-Euboeic standard, gVF, 1.190g, 7.3mm, c. 600 - 550 B.C.

Obv. - scarab beetle

Rev. - star shaped pattern in incuse square

Unpublished and unique with star incuse reverse.
___________

Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins

Ex. FORVM Dealer Photo

Sold 08May2015 via eBay
4 commentsrenegade3220
valdemar_ll_xvii_b_6a.jpg
Valdemar Birgersson (1250-1275)26 viewsAR Penning. Bracteat. Lödöse mint? 0,14 g. LL XVII:B:6a.goranix
valdemar_ll_xvii_a_1a.jpg
Valdemar Birgersson (1250-1275)13 viewsAR Penning. Bracteate. Orebro mint? 0,14 g. LL XVII:A:1a.goranix
vallindi1250OR.jpg
Valerian I, Lindgren I, 1250 var.75 viewsAntioch, Pisidia mint, Valerian I 253-260 A.D. AE, 20mm 4.72g, Lindgren I, 1250 var.
O: IMP CAERAS LL OVNAHHIR, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: ANTIO-OCHIOC, Vexillum surmounted by eagle between two standards. S R in exergue.
1 commentscasata137ec
VIENNE_DENIER.jpg
VIENNE - Dauphine, Anonymous Bishops92 viewsVIENNE - Dauphine, Denier. Anonymous bishops, c. 1200-1250Obv.: Bearded head left. S M VIENNA Rev.: Cross cantonnee, globule in each angle. MAXIMA GALL Reference: Poey #4826.dpaul7
Manuel1ComAR_Sear2601.jpg
[1685a] Empire of Trebizond: Manuel I Komnenos Megas (1218-1263 AD)313 viewsEmpire of Trebizond: Manuel I, Komnenos, Silver Asper, Sear-2601, struck 1238-1263, 2.9 grams, 21.9 mm. Nice VF; Obverse: St. Eugenius standing facing, holding a long cross; Reverse: Manuel standing facing, holding labarum and akakia, Manus Dei in upper right field. Nicely centered with technically 'mint state' surfaces, but a touch of strike unevenness and irregular toning. Ex Glenn Woods.

Manuel I Megas Komnenos (Greek: Μανουήλ Α΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Manouēl I Megas Komnēnos), (c. 1218 – March 1263), Emperor of Trebizond from 1238 to 1263, surnamed the "Great Captain", was the second son of Alexios I, the first emperor of Trebizond, and Theodora Axouchina. He succeeded his brother, John I Axouchos. In spite of his alleged military abilities, Trebizond became or remained a vassal to the Seljuk Turks and, after the Battle of Köse Dag in 1243, to the Mongols of Persia. Trapezuntine forces served in the battle as Seljuk tributaries. The Seljuk forces were shattered in the defeat and the Sultanate of Iconium began to decline.

In 1253, Manuel negotiated for a dynastic alliance with King Louis IX of France, by which he hoped to secure the help of the Crusaders against the Seljuks and Laskarids of Nicaea, but Louis advised him to seek a wife from the Latin Empire of Constantinople. Jean de Joinville testifies to Manuel's wealth, saying he sent Louis: "various precious things as a gift; amongst others, bows made of the wood of the service tree, whose arrow-notches screwed into the bow, and when they were released, one saw that they were very sharp and well made."

The destruction of Baghdad by Hulagu Khan in 1258 revived the trade route running north from Armenia and the upper Euphrates valley to Erzerum and then through the Zigana Pass to Trebizond. This trade route caused the beginnings of Trebizond's commercial prosperity, because goods from the Silk Road were now transported to Trebizond and the Black Sea, instead of to the Mediterranean. Although some bronze coins have been attributed to Alexios I, and silver aspers were certainly coined by John I, Manuel struck both bronze coins and a large silver currency. Trapezuntine coins circulated widely outside the empire, especially in Georgia.

Manuel rebuilt the Hagia Sophia monastery in Trebizond between 1250 and 1260. Eastmond describes Manuel's church as 'the finest surviving Byzantine imperial monument of its period.' When Michael VIII Palaiologos recaptured Constantinople from the Latin Empire in 1261 he unsuccessfully demanded that Manuel abandon his claim to the Byzantine succession.

Manuel married three times and left several children, four of whom reigned after him. By his first wife, Anna Xylaloe, a Trapezuntine noblewoman he had:
• Andronikos II, who succeeded as emperor.

By his second wife, the Iberian princess Rusudan, he had:
• Theodora

By his third wife, Irene Syrikaina, another Trapezuntine noblewoman, he had four children:
• George
• Anonymous daughter, who married King Demetre II of Georgia
• Anonymous daughter
• John II.

The Empire of Trebizond (Greek: Βασίλειον τής Τραπεζούντας) was a Byzantine Greek successor state of the Byzantine Empire founded in 1204 as a result of the capture of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade. Queen Tamar of Georgia provided troops to her nephew Alexios I, who conquered the Pontic Greek city of Trebizond, Sinope and Paphlagonia. It is often known as "the last Greek Empire."

Foundation
When Constantinople fell in the Fourth Crusade in 1204 to the Western European and Venetian Crusaders, the Empire of Trebizond was one of the three smaller Greek states that emerged from the wreckage, along with the Empire of Nicaea and the Despotate of Epirus. Alexios, a grandson of Byzantine emperor Andronikos I Komnenos, son of Rusudan daughter of George III of Georgia, made Trebizond his capital and asserted a claim to be the legitimate successor of the Byzantine Empire.

The Byzantine Emperor Andronikos I had been deposed and killed in 1185. His son Manuel was blinded and may have died of his injuries. The sources agree that Rusudan, the wife of Manuel and the mother of Alexios and David, fled Constantinople with her children, to escape persecution by Isaac II Angelos, Andronikos' successor. It is unclear whether Rusudan fled to Georgia or to the southern coast of the Black Sea where the Komnenos family had its origins. There is some evidence that the Comnenian heirs had set up a semi-independent state centred on Trebizond before 1204.

The rulers of Trebizond called themselves Grand Komnenos (Megas Komnenos) and at first claimed the traditional Byzantine title of "Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans." After reaching an agreement with the Byzantine Empire in 1282, the official title of the ruler of Trebizond was changed to "Emperor and Autocrat of the entire East, of the Iberians and the Transmarine Provinces" and remained such until the empire's end in 1461. The state is sometimes called The Komnenian Empire because the ruling dynasty descended from Alexios I Komnenos.

Trebizond initially controlled a contiguous area on the southern Black Sea coast between Soterioupolis and Sinope, comprising the modern Turkish provinces of Sinop, Ordu, Giresun, Trabzon, Bayburt, Gümüşhane, Rise and Artvin. In the thirteenth century, the empire controlled Perateia which included Cherson and Kerch on the Crimean peninsula. David Komnenos expanded rapidly to the west, occupying first Sinope, then Paphlagonia and Heraclea Pontica until his territory bordered the Empire of Nicaea founded by Theodore I Laskaris. The territories west of Sinope were lost to the Empire of Nicaea by 1206. Sinope itself fell to the Seljuks in 1214.

Prosperity
While Epirus effectively disintegrated in the 14th century, and the Nicaean Empire succeeded in retaking Constantinople and extinguishing the feeble Latin Empire, only to be conquered in 1453 by the Ottoman Empire, Trebizond managed to outlive its competitors in Epirus and Nicaea.

Trebizond was in continual conflict with the Sultanate of Iconium and later with the Ottoman Turks, as well as Byzantium, the Italian republics, and especially the Genoese. It was an empire more in title than in fact, surviving by playing its rivals against each other, and offering the daughters of its rulers for marriage with generous dowries, especially with the Turkmen rulers of interior Anatolia.

The destruction of Baghdad by Hulagu Khan in 1258 made Trebizond the western terminus of the Silk Road. The city grew to tremendous wealth on the Silk Road trade under the protection of the Mongols. Marco Polo returned to Europe by way of Trebizond in 1295. Under the rule of Alexios III (1349–1390) the city was one of the world's leading trade centres and was renowned for its great wealth and artistic accomplishment.

Climax and Civil War
The small Empire of Trebizond had been most successful in asserting itself at its very start, under the leadership of Alexios I (1204–1222) and especially his younger brother David Komnenos, who died in battle in 1214. Alexios' second son Manuel I (1238–1263) had preserved internal security and acquired the reputation of a great commander, but the empire was already losing outlying provinces to the Turkmen, and found itself forced to pay tribute to the Seljuks of Rum and then to the Mongols of Persia, a sign of things to come. The troubled reign of John II (1280–1297) included a reconciliation with the Byzantine Empire and the end of Trapezuntine claims to Constantinople. Trebizond reached its greatest wealth and influence during the long reign of Alexios II (1297–1330). Trebizond suffered a period of repeated imperial depositions and assassinations from the end of Alexios' reign until the first years of Alexios III, ending in 1355. The empire never fully recovered its internal cohesion, commercial supremacy or territory.

Decline and Fall
Manuel III (1390–1417), who succeeded his father Alexios III as emperor, allied himself with Timur, and benefited from Timur's defeat of the Ottoman Turks at the Battle of Ankara in 1402. His son Alexios IV (1417–1429) married two of his daughters to Jihan Shah, khan of the Kara Koyunlu, and to Ali Beg, khan of the Ak Koyunlu; while his eldest daughter Maria became the third wife of the Byzantine Emperor John VIII Palaiologos. Pero Tafur, who visited the city in 1437, reported that Trebizond had less than 4,000 troops.

John IV (1429–1459) could not help but see his Empire would soon share the same fate as Constantinople. The Ottoman Sultan Murad II first attempted to take the capital by sea in 1442, but high surf made the landings difficult and the attempt was repulsed. While Mehmed II was away laying siege to Belgrade in 1456, the Ottoman governor of Amasya attacked Trebizond, and although defeated, took many prisoners and extracted a heavy tribute.

John IV prepared for the eventual assault by forging alliances. He gave his daughter to the son of his brother-in-law, Uzun Hasan, khan of the Ak Koyunlu, in return for his promise to defend Trebizond. He also secured promises of help from the Turkish emirs of Sinope and Karamania, and from the king and princes of Georgia.

After John's death in 1459, his brother David came to power and misused these alliances. David intrigued with various European powers for help against the Ottomans, speaking of wild schemes that included the conquest of Jerusalem. Mehmed II eventually heard of these intrigues, and was further provoked to action by David's demand that Mehmed remit the tribute imposed on his brother.

Mehmed's response came in the summer of 1461. He led a sizeable army from Brusa, first to Sinope whose emir quickly surrendered, then south across Armenia to neutralize Uzun Hasan. Having isolated Trebizond, Mehmed quickly swept down upon it before the inhabitants knew he was coming, and placed it under siege. The city held out for a month before the emperor David surrendered on August 15, 1461.

With the fall of Trebizond, the territory of "the Last Greek Empire" was extinguished.


List of Trapezuntine Emperors

• Alexios I Megas Komnenos (1204–1222)
• Andronikos I Gidos (1222–1235)
• John I Axouchos Megas Komnenos (1235–1238)
• Manuel I Megas Komnenos (1238–1263)
• Andronikos II Megas Komnenos (1263–1266)
• George Megas Komnenos (1266–1280)
• John II Megas Komnenos (1280–1284)
• Theodora Megale Komnene (1284–1285)
• John II Megas Komnenos (restored, 1285–1297)
• Alexios II Megas Komnenos (1297–1330)
• Andronikos III Megas Komnenos (1330–1332)
• Manuel II Megas Komnenos (1332)
• Basil Megas Komnenos (1332–1340)
• Irene Palaiologina (1340–1341)
• Anna Anachoutlou Megale Komnene (1341)
• Michael Megas Komnenos (1341)
• Anna Anachoutlou Megale Komnene (restored, 1341–1342)
• John III Megas Komnenos (1342–1344)
• Michael Megas Komnenos (restored, 1344–1349)
• Alexios III Megas Komnenos (1349–1390)
• Manuel III Megas Komnenos (1390–1416)
• Alexios IV Megas Komnenos (1416–1429)
• John IV Megas Komnenos (1429–1459)
• David Megas Komnenos (1459–1461)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manuel_I_of_Trebizond
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empire_of_Trebizond


Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
   
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