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26231129_1959752034284705_216839272212727860_n.jpg
4 viewsAntonivs Protti
AS Augusto RIC 386.jpg
01-15 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)56 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 25 mm 8.4 gr.
Legado Monetario L SURDINUS

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[L] SVRDINVS [III VIR A A A F F]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 15 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #386 Pag.70 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1683 Pag.331 - BMCRE #144 (=BMCRR #4631) - Cohen Vol.1 #473 Pag.131 - DVM #99 var Pag.71 - CBN #483
mdelvalle
RIC_386_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-15 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)27 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 25 mm 8.4 gr.
Legado Monetario L SURDINUS

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[L] SVRDINVS [III VIR A A A F F]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 15 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #386 Pag.70 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1683 Pag.331 - BMCRE #144 (=BMCRR #4631) - Cohen Vol.1 #473 Pag.131 - DVM #99 var Pag.71 - CBN #483
mdelvalle
RPC_65_AS_ITALICA_Tiberio.jpg
04-40 - Cnia. Itálica - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)18 viewsAE AS 27/29 mm 13.85 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR AVGVSTVS PONT MAX IMP" (Leyenda anti-horaria), Cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "MVNIC ITALIC PERM DIVI AVG" (Leyenda anti-horaria), Altar en el que se inscribe en tres líneas "PROVIDE / NTIAE / AVGVSTI".

Acuñada 14 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Cnia. Municipium Itálica, Hispania (Hoy Saltipontes, Sevilla, España)

Referencias: RPC #65, SNG Cop #417, ACIP #3333, Vives Pl.CLXVIII #9, ABH #1593, Burgos #1250, Chaves #115-263, GMI #A1049-1051, FAB #1683 P.205, Sear GICV #253 P.24, Cohen I #89 P.197, Heiss #8 P.380, Mionnet Vol.I #131 P.17/18
mdelvalle
Leopoldus-I-Denar_a-s.jpg
050 Leopoldus I., (Leopoldus I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1657-1705 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-1107a, /1683, Madonna and child, #0170 views050 Leopoldus I., (Leopoldus I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1657-1705 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-1107a, /1683, Madonna and child, #01
avers:- •LEOP•D•G•R•I•S•A•G•H•B•REX, Hungarian shield in circle, mint-mark (K-B) on each side, border of dots.
revers:- PATRONA•HVNGA•1683, Madonna seated facing on crescent in sunburst in circle, holding infant Jesus in her left, border of dots.
diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, mint mark: K/B//--, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica),
date: 1683 A.D., ref: Unger-1107a, CNH-, Huszar-1503/1683,
Q-001
quadrans
104_Claudius-II__Gothicus_(268-270_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3028,_D-5417,_KG-104_16_Alexandria,_Eagle_standing_left,_L-B_,_269-270_(Y-2)-Q-001_0h_21-21,5mm_9,02g-s.jpg
104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3028, D-5417, L/B//--, Eagle standing left, #1114 views104p Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3028, D-5417, L/B//--, Eagle standing left, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle standing left, head right with wreath in its beak, L-B across the field,
exergue: L/B//--, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 9,02g, axes: 0 h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 269-270 A.D., Year 2. L-B., ref: Geissen- 3028, Dattari-5418, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.16-p-328, Milne 4248, Curtis 1683, BMC-Alexandria 2333,
Q-001
quadrans
1683.JPG
1683 - États de Vitré14 viewsLouis XIV
argent
7,18g
28mm
. LVDOVICVS . . MAGNVS. REX.
Tête nue du roi à droite, non laurée, col nu.
en dessous signé : H.B. (Hercule Le Breton)
. IETONS . DES . ESTAZ . DE . BRETAGNE .
Écu couronné écartelé aux 1 et 4 de France, aux 2 et 3 de Bretagne, dans une couronne formée de deux branches de laurier
à l’exergue : .1683.
Daniel 27
PYL
700_P_Hadrian_Emmett950_17.jpg
5831 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 132-33 AD Dioscuri standing facing16 viewsReference.
Emmett 950.17; RPC III, 5831; Dattari 1683; Milne 1363

Issue L IZ = year 17

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝ - ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., seen from rear

Rev. L ΙΖ
Dioscuri (clothed) standing facing above stars, each holding sceptre and parazonium.

25.09 gr
33 mm
12h

Note.
Ex Cahn auction 1936 and Frank Sternberg (Zürich). Basel 6 lot 502
Collection Dr. A. Voirol.
okidoki
401_P_Hadrian_Emmett950_17.jpg
5831 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 132-33 AD Dioscuri standing facing between, crescent18 viewsReference.
Emmett 950.17; RPC III, 5831; Köln 1075; Dattari 1683; Milne 1363

Issue L IZ = year 17

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝ - ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., seen from rear

Rev. L ΙΖ
Dioscuri (clothed) standing facing above stars, each holding sceptre and parazonium, between, crescent

26.26 gr
35 mm
12h
okidoki
AthenTetVF.jpg
Athens, Greece, Old Style Tetradrachm, 449 - 413 B.C.133 viewsSilver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 31 ff., SGCV I 2526, VF, near full crest, Athens mint, 16.410g, 25.1mm, 90o. Obverse: head of Athena right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; Reverse: AQE right, owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within incuse square.

This coin is one of the most familiar of all the coins struck throughout the ancient Mediterranean. The images of Athena and her Owl, while not static, changed undramatically, in an unhurried and deliberate way. Although its production rests firmly during the time that numismatists call the Classical era (479 BC --336 BC), this coin's "style" better reflects the earlier Archaic period.

The Athenian "Owl" (until its debasement as a result of the Peloponnesian War) was the standard of its day. Between the late 5th century BC and the late 3rd century BC, these coins were the currency against which all other coins were measured. This high esteem was due to the Athenian tetradrachms' consistent weight and quality of silver.

"The little elf-like owl dear to ancient Athens had greenish-blue-gray eyes that could see clearly where humans could not. Glaukopis -- the "shining eyed one" was often shortened to glaux, a nickname for the tetradrachm that bore the owl's likeness" (http://notes.utk.edu/bio/unistudy.nsf/0/da0222e2e80272fd85256785001683e4?OpenDocument).

It is only with the emergence of the Imperial coinage of Alexander the Great (beginning quickly after his ascension to the throne in 336 BC) that the ancient world had another coin as widely accepted. As Martin J. Price notes, "“The impressive list of twenty-three mints on Asian soil and one in Egypt, all used to strike Alexander’s imperial coinage during his lifetime, shows that there was a conscious policy of providing this form of money on an empire-wide basis" (Price, Martin J. The Coinage in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. Zurich: The Swiss Numismatic Society in Association with British Museum Press, 1991. 72).

More than two millennia after the Athenian Tetracrachm was first struck, the 26th President of The United States, Theodore Roosevelt (b. 1858; d. 1919), is said to have carried an Athenian "Owl" in his pocket--to remind him just how beautiful a coin could be.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
415-3.png
Brazil,Pedro II, 1683 – 1706, 4000 Reis8 views1698 Mint-Bahia
Obv. Taller crown above arms
Rev. Cross in quatrefoil, date above
KM-89
No record on where I purchased this coin.
NGC VF-30
Cost $300.
Richard M10
claudiusII,_LB.jpg
Claudius II, year 2, head right15 viewsClaudius II, 268-270 AD, AE tetradrachm. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4248, Curtis 1683, Dattari 5417, Geissen 3028, BMC Alexandria 2333, VF, Alexandria mint, 8.187 grams, 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, 29 Aug 269 - 28 Aug 270 A.D.; obverse AVT K K“L”AV“D”IOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse eagle standing left, looking back, holding wreath in beak, date L-B (year 2) across field; ex FORVMPodiceps
Constantius II- Fel Temp Raparatio 1C.jpg
Constantius II- Fel Temp Raparatio76 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust right

Obverse:
D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG,

D N: Dominus Noster, our lord
CONSTANTIVS: Constantinus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
FEL TEMP REPARATIO, happy times are here again. Soldier spearing fallen horseman

FEL: Happy
TEMP: Time
REPARATIO: Restoration


Domination: Bronze AE3, size 16 mm

Mint: CONS Γ, Constantinopolis, Γ 3.rd Officina (Perhaps the last letter could be a Gamma), RIC VIII, Thessalonica 192; LRBC 1683; struck 25. Dec. 350-6. Nov. 355; Scarce
The reverse type is F3 stretching.
John Schou
1683c.jpg
diumvarb34870 viewsElagabalus
Dium, Macedonia

Obv: IMP C M AVP ANTONINVS PIV, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: COL-I-VL-DIEN →SIS, distyle temple containing statue of Aesculapius standing facing and resting on long staff entwined with serpent. D - D across field within temple.
26 mm, 9.34 gms

Varbanov 3487
Charles M
LouisXIV1683.JPG
Divo 199. 1683, 800 gens d'elite enroles pour la marine de guerre.178 viewsObv. Bust right LUDOVICUS MAGNUS REX CHRISTIANISSIMUS
Rev. King flanked by two figures, one kneeling, nautical scene with ship behind LECTI JUVENES INNAVALEM MILLITIAM CONSCRIPTI DCCC MDCLXXXIII
LordBest
104_Claudius-II__Gothicus_(268-270_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3028,_D-5417,_KG-104_16_Alexandria,_Eagle_standing_left,_L-B_,_269-270_(Y-2)-Q-001_0h_21-21,5mm_9,02g-s~0.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3028, D-5417, L/B//--, Eagle standing left, #1117 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3028, D-5417, L/B//--, Eagle standing left, #1
avers: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Eagle standing left, head right with wreath in its beak, L-B across the field,
exergue: L/B//--, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 9,02g, axes: 0 h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 269-270 A.D., Year 2. L-B., ref: Geissen- 3028, Dattari-5418, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.16-p-328, Milne 4248, Curtis 1683, BMC-Alexandria 2333,
Q-001
quadrans
charles ii 2.jpg
ENGLAND - CHARLES II86 views1683 Charles II Maundy Threepence, Silver.dpaul7
VIXX.jpg
German States. Friedrich I 1637 - 1683. Silver 6-Groscher 1637 C.164 viewsGerman States. Friedrich I 1637 - 1683. Silver 6-Groscher 1637 C. FRIDERICUS BORUSSORUM REX, crowned bust right / MONETA ARGENTEA, crown divides date above tow coats of arms, value between crown and shields.

KM a203
oneill6217
GIRAY_KHANS_MURAD_GIRAY.jpg
GIRAY KHANS (Crimea) MURAD GIRAY31 viewsGIRAY KHANS (Crimea) MURAD GIRAY (1678-1683) AR Beshlik. 1678. Obv.: Tamgha surrounded by script and date. Rev.: Arabis script inscriptions.dpaul7
GIRAY_-_MURAD_GIRAY_1678_1089_AH.jpg
GIRAY KHANS -- MURAD GIRAY27 viewsGIRAY KHANS -- MURAD GIRAY (1678-1683) AR Beshlik, AH 1089 (1678 CE). Baghcha-Sarai Mint. Obv.: Tamgha in circle; STRUCK IN BAGCHISARAI YEAR 1089. Rev.: KHAN MURAD GIY BEN GIRAY MYBAREK KHAN Reference: Restovskovo #25-1dpaul7
IMG_0820.JPG
GREEK Lesbos Mytilene Electrum Bodenstedt 3517 viewsLesbos, Mytilene EL Hekte. Circa 454-427 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right; ΛE behind neck / Confronted bull's heads within incuse square. Bodenstedt 35; Boston MFA 1683 (same dies); SNG von Aulock 1695 (same dies). 2.54g, 10mm, 1h.
From the Kleines Meisterwerk Collection.
Roma Numismatics, Auction X lot 437, 2015.
Diogenes
FotorCreated~0.jpg
Greek, Attica, Aegina, AR Stater 20mm 12.19g 12h Medows Aegina group 3b,Milbank pl.2, 12,HGC 6,437,Dewing 1683.115 viewsLand tortoise with segmented shell.Rev large square incuse with skew pattern.
Well centered on a large flan and struck from fresh dies,thus rare
1 commentsGrant H
IMG_5862.JPG
Island off Attica. AEGINA AR Stater.87 viewsCirca 456/45-431 B.C. (12.23gm, 21mm). Obverse: land tortoise with segmented shell. Reverse: large incuse square of heavy skew pattern. Milbank pl.2, 12; SNG Copenhagen 516; Dewing 1683; BMC Attica p. 137, 146; HGC 6, 437. Near EF, attractive light cabinet tone. Very desirable example of the type.

Ex Roma Numismatics (featured as a cover for e-Auction 57). Ex Shanna Schmidt Numismatics. Ex Munzenhandlung Harald Moller, Auction 72, 1 November 2018, lot 20.

Early commerce within the Aegean area include metal ingots used in trade. They had a distinctive plano-convex shape and were colloquially called "turtles" especially in Aegina. With the development of the concept of money, it is natural for the maritime island-state to design their coins with an image of a turtle since they had already been accustomed by the earlier ingots whose shape resembled the animal. Aegina was considered the first state to introduce money to the West that was first invented in either Ionia or Lydia. As maritime power, it rivaled Athens. Early obverse designs always feature a sea turtle. Why the inclusion of a land tortoise (testudo graeca) beginning in the middle of the 5th century B.C. is still unresolved. Few theories had been put forward: the most common was Aegina's defeat from its rival Athens, and the land tortoise symbolized sovereignty of Athens over Aegina.
6 commentsJason T
Tort_Stater.jpg
Islands off Attica, Aegina Transitional Issue Land Tortoise 59 viewsIslands off Attica, Aegina. Circa 456/45-431 BC. AR Stater 12.40g, 22mm
O: Land tortoise, head in profile, with segmented shell
R: Large square incuse with heavy skew pattern.

- Meadows, Aegina, Group IIIb; Milbank pl. II, 13; HGC 6, 437 var. (head not in profile); SNG Copenhagen 517 var. (same); Dewing 1683 var. (same); Gillet 948 var. (same); Jameson 1200 var. (same); Pozzi 1635 var. (same).

Struck on a broad flan. Very rare with head in profile.

The head of the land tortoise on this massive coinage is typically engraved shown from above, with the tortoise looking forward. Very rarely are they encountered with the head shown in profile. The profile head was canonical on the earlier, sea turtle coinage, thus the land tortoise coins of this variety may represent a short transitional issue at the beginning of this period.
6 commentsNemonater
Aegina. Circa 456-431 BC. AR Stater (19mm, 12.31 gm)..jpg
Islands off Attica. Aegina.129 viewsStater
Circa 456-431 BC.
Milbank pl II, 12; Dewing 1683;cf.SNG Copenhagen 516.
Jan Terje Rafdal
JAP_KM_C_1_2.JPG
Japan. Shogunate.168 viewsHartill 4.102, Jones (1984) 11, Jones (2007) 202, KM C 1.2 var.

1 mon (cast copper alloy), first cast 1668 (Kwanbun 8) and continued until 1681-1683, Edo Kamedo mint, 25 mm. Kanei with the character bun on the reverse are known as bun-sen. There are seven recognized obverse varieties. This coin is a Saiji-Hai-Bun (= characters thinly written; although the name is somewhat deceptive as the characters are not written any thinner than in other varieties).

Obv: Kanei tsuho.

Rev: Bun.

Kanei Tsuho coins were first cast in 1626. Although Kanei era ended in 1643, the legend was kept in use until the 1860’s. The Kanei coins cast starting in 1668 (which are distinguished from the earlier emissions by the legs of the Ho character) are known as Shin-Kanei-Tsuho (=new Kanei). There are around 300 recognized varieties.

Bun-sen were made from fragments of the Daibutsu statue of Buddha that was erected by Toyotomi Hideyori before 1614 and was destroyed in an earthquake in 1662. The character Bun on the reverse is the same character as in Kwanbun, and was evidently intended to signify the period in which it was made.
Stkp
JAP_Hartill_4_100.JPG
Japan. Shogunate.117 viewsHartill 4.100, Jones (1984) 4, Jones (2007) 200, KM C 1.2 var.

1 mon (cast copper alloy), first cast 1668 (Kwanbun 8) and continued until 1681-1683, Edo Kamedo mint (Musashi Province), 25 mm. There are multiple varieties, with a total mintage of 1,970,000 coins.

Obv: Kanei tsuho.

Rev: Bun.

Hartill rarity VC

Kanei with the character bun on the reverse are known as bun-sen. Bun-sen were made from fragments of the Daibutsu statue of Buddha that was erected by Toyotomi Hideyori before 1614 and was destroyed in an earthquake in 1662. The character Bun on the reverse is the same character as in Kwanbun, and was evidently intended to signify the period in which it was made.
Stkp
gordianIII_tranquil_odessos_weber2667.jpg
Moesia inferior, Odessos, Gordian III & Tranquillina, AMNG 236852 viewsGordian III, AD 235-244
AE 27, 14.45g
obv. AYT KM ANT GORDIANOC [CEB] / TRANKYL / - LEINA
confronted busts of Gordian r. and Tranquillina l.
rev. ODH - C - CEITWN
Athena, helmeted, in long chiton and peplos stg.l., holding inverted spear in l. and owl l. in raised r. hand; shield on ground l.
AMNG I/1, 2358; Weber 2667; Moushmov 1683
very rare; about VF
added to www.wildwinds.com

Odessos, today Varna/Bulgaria, an old Milesian colony.
Jochen
Penn_Founders_Day_1908_medal_1.JPG
Pennsylvania Founder's Day, 1908 Souvenir Medal34 viewsObv: Face of William Penn, three-quarter view to left.

Rev: The signing of the PENN TREATY, 1683 FOUNDERS WEEK 1908 on a banner across bottom.

Note: Founder's Week ran from October 4th through the 10th, 1908.

Unknown mint

7.6 grams, 28.95 x 26.14 mm
Matt Inglima
poland jan sobieski.jpg
POLAND - Jan Sobieski50 viewsPOLAND - Jan Sobieski (1674-1696) silver 6 Grosz, 1683. Reference: KM#36. dpaul7
Leopold I the hogmouth~0.jpg
POST MEDIEVAL, Hungary, Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor also known as 'the hogmouth'.62 views

Leopold I and Jan III Sobieski, king of Poland made a treaty promising each other aid if the other is attacked by the Turks. In 1683, Vienna was once again beseiged and Sobieksi came to the rescue.
goldcoin
maravedis lot 3.jpg
POST MEDIEVAL, Spain, Philip V, maravedis 1683-1746 (coin 3)60 viewsobv: bust of Philip V right
rev: coat of arms
Jericho
ANT_ANCFOR.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Antoninus Pius, AE Sestertius, RIC 772154 viewsMint:Roma.
Dimensions: 31mm/29,65grms.
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P
Reverse: HONORI AVG COS IIII S/C
Ref: C.414 , RIC.772, BMC1683

Conservation: SUP/TTB
RR
Very Heavy coin

2 commentsmoneta romana
KANGXI_S1419_H5_25-27.JPG
Schjöth 1419, Hartill 5.25-27 (Hartill 5.25) Type A1.1, KM 311.1102 viewsKangxi (1662-1722)

1 cash, 1662-1683, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), 27 mm.

Cast Bronze (officially 60% copper and 40% zinc, but actually on average 67.4% copper, 21.9 % zinc, 7.0 % lead, 1.8 % tin, etc.), nominal weight 1.4 qian = 5.22 grams (but generally 4.2-5.0 grams).

Obv: Kangxi tongbao.

Rev: Boo Chiowan to the left and right.

Type A is comprised of coins with a seven stroke bei, two dot tong, and with a zigzag at the bottom of the tong radical. Those within subtype A1.1 are larger well-made coins with an actual weight of 4 grams or more and a diameter over 26 mm.

Hartill rarity 10
Stkp
KANGXI_S1421_H6_20.JPG
Schjöth 1421, Hartill 6.20 Type A1.1, KM 312.142 viewsKangxi (1662-1722)

1 cash (cast brass), 1662-1683, Board of Works mint (in Beijing), 28 mm.

Obv: Kangxi tongbao.

Rev: Boo yuwan.

Type A is comprised of coins with a seven stroke bei, two dot tong, and a zigzagged bottom of the tong radical. Type A1.1 is comprised of large, well made coins weighing 4 grams or more and a diameter over 26 mm.

Hartill rarity 10
Stkp
KANGXI_S1442_H9_90-92.JPG
Schjöth 1442, Hartill 9.90-92 Type 1, KM 144246 viewsKangxi (1662-1722)

1 cash (cast brass), 1680-1683, Fujian province (Zhangjou mint), 27 mm.

Obv: Kangxi tongbao.

Rev: Jang (in Manchurian) to the left, zhang (in Chinese) to the right.

Type 1 is comprised of coins with a two dot tong and a nominal weight of 1.4 qian (= 5.22 grams).

This is one of a series of twenty coins known as “poem” coins (shi qian), which, according to folklore, have talismanic qualities when placed together. The coins were put in a specific order in which the mint names formed a “poem.” The poem did not have a particular meaning, but rhymed according to the rules of classical Chinese poetry.

Hartill rarity 7
Stkp
CLAUD2_TET_LB.JPG
Struck A.D.268 - 269. CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS. Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria. 13 viewsObverse: AVT K KLAVΔIOC CEB. Laureate and cuirassed bust of Claudius II facing right.
Reverse: No legend. Eagle standing facing left, head looking back to right, holding wreath in beak; in field L B (= regnal year 2 = A.D.268-269).
Diameter: 20mm | Weight: 10.20gms | Die Axis: 12
Curtis : 1683 | BMC : 2333
Ex Harlan J Berk (USA)
*Alex
Louis_XIV_and_Maria_Theresa.jpg
Struck c.1667, Louis XIV and Marie-Thérèse, AE (Brass) Jeton7 viewsObverse: +LVD•XIIII•ET•MAR•THER•D•G•FRA•ET•NAV•REX•ET•REG. Busts of Louis XIV and Marie Therese facing one another. To the left, draped and laureate bust of Louis XVI facing right. To the right, draped bust of Marie Therese facing left, small crown on the back of her head.
Reverse: VINCIT•DVM•RESPICIT (The sun dissipates the clouds). Radiant disc of the sun with facial features parting billowing clouds below; in exergue, 1667.

Struck at Lisse, Netherlands
Die engraver: Unknown
Dimensions: 27mm | Weight: 6.1gms | Die Axis: 6
Ref. Feuardent: 13069

Marie-Thérèse, daughter of Philip IV of Spain, was born on the 10th of September 1638. She was also called Marie-Thérèse D'Autriche because the Spanish Kings of those days had a Hapsburg-Austrian origin and her name refers to that and not the home country were she was born and lived.
In 1660 Philip IV, and the entire Spanish court accompanied Marie-Thérèse to the Isle of Pheasants, in the Bidassoa, where she was met by Louis XIV and his court. She and Louis XIV were married in 1660, the marriage agreement being one aspect of the peace negotiations that took place between Spain and France during 1659 and 1660. On the day of her wedding, Marie-Thérèse wore a gown covered in the royal fleur-de-lys and it is said that her uncovered hair proved to be so thick that it was difficult to attach a crown to it. This might account for the odd positioning of the crown as it appears on her bust.
Jetons commemorating the marriage, bearing the busts of Louis XIV and Marie-Thérèse, were issued each year from 1660 through to 1673. Marie-Thérèse died on 30th July, 1683.
*Alex
4951_4952.jpg
Valentinian I, AE3, SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE4 viewsAE3
Valentinian I
Augustus: February 25, 364 - November 17, 375AD
19.0 x 18.0mm
O: DN VALENTINIANVS PF AVG; Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE: Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
Exergue: ASISC
Siscia Mint
Aorta: B2, O2, R15, T38, M13.
5394611683
2/3/17
Nicholas Z
PergamumRegalIssueSNGfrance5_1683.jpg
[2410a] Mysia, Pergamon. Regal Issue, 281-133 BC.75 viewsMysia, Pergamon. Regal Issue, 281-133 BC. AE 14mm (1.94 gm). Obverse: Athena in Attic helmet right. Reverse: ΦIΛE-TAIPOY; bow. SNG France 5, 1683. Good very fine. Ex Tom Vossen.


The Attalid dynasty was a Hellenistic dynasty that ruled the city of Pergamon after the death of Lysimachus, a general of Alexander the Great. The Attalid kingdom was the rump state left after the collapse of the Lysimachian Empire. One of Lysimachus' officers, Philetaerus, took control of the city in 282 BC. The later Attalids were descended from his father, and they expanded the city into a kingdom. Attalus I proclaimed himself King in the 230s BC, following his victories over the Galatians. The Attalids ruled Pergamon until Attalus III bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic in 133 BC to avoid a likely succession crisis.

On the interior of The Great Altar of Zeus at Pergamon is a frieze depicting the life of Telephos, son of Herakles, whom the ruling Attalid dynasty associated with their city and utilized to claim descendance from the Olympians. Pergamon, having entered the Greek world much later than their counterparts to the west, could not boast the same divine heritage as older city-states, and had to retroactively cultivate their place in Greek mythos.

The Pergamon Museum (in German, Pergamonmuseum) is one of the museums on the Museum Island in Berlin. It was planned by Alfred Messel and Ludwig Hoffmann and was built over a period from 1910 to 1930. It houses original-sized, reconstructed monumental buildings such as the Pergamon Altar. Sections of The Telephos Frieze, originaly composed of the sequnce of 52 panels--only some scenes of this beautiful frieze were "saved" by German archeologists in the 19th century--are exhibited there.

The Attalid Dynasty of Pergamum

Philetaerus (282 BC–263 BC)
Eumenes I (263 BC–241 BC)
Attalus I Soter (241 BC–197 BC)
Eumenes II (197 BC–158 BC)
Attalus II Philadelphus (160 BC–138 BC)
Attalus III (138 BC–133 BC)
Eumenes III Aristonicus (pretender, 133 BC–129 BC)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attalid_dynasty

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
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