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DOMITs01D+R.jpg
19 viewsDomitanus - SestertiusRugser
DOMITs02D+R.jpg
20 viewsDomitanus - SestertiusRugser
Domits03C00DR.jpg
27 viewsDomitanus - SestertiusRugser
SeptSev1.jpg
31 viewsfr: SEVERUS PIUS AUG
re: LIBERALTAS AUG VI
pax
QuinAugusto.jpg
49 viewsAR Quinarius - OCTAVIAN - Uncertain Italian mint - 29-27 BC.
Obv.: CAESAR IMP VII, bare head right
Rev.:ASIA RECEPTA, Victory standing left on cista mystica between two serpents erect.
gs. 1,7 mm. 13,4
RIC 276, Sear RCV 1568
Maxentius
Sestante.jpg
27 viewsAE Sextans - Anonymous Issue - after 89 B.C. - Mint of Rome
Obv.: Head of Mercury r., two pellets behind
Rev.: Prow right, ROMA above; two pellets below.
Gs 1,7 mm 15,5
Craw. 56/6
Maxentius
Quadrante-1.jpg
22 viewsÆ Quadrans - Anonymous - c. 91 BC - Rome Mint
Obv.: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin, three pellets behind.
Rev.: Prow right, ROMA above, three pellets before.
Gs. 3,2 mm. 15,7
Craw. 339/4c, Sear RCV 1194

Maxentius
Trajan_Cos_II.jpg
70 viewsIn the picture we can see how the head of an emperor closely resembles the preceeding one. The top three coins are COS II. RIC 9 (3.6g); RIC 12 (3,40g); RIC 22 (3.31g). All have good weights and the RIC 9 is quite possibly overstruck at 3.6g.

Below the three Trajans is a Nerva and it's very similar to the first issues of Trajan. I think it's safe to say that the engravers did not meet the emperor in person.
Paddy
Tacitus- Dikaiosyne.jpg
506 viewsTacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

AK K Λ TAKITOC CEB

AK: AVTOKRATOR is the equivalent of the Latin Imperator, 'emperor'.
K Λ is an abbreviation for K AV IOC, 'Claudius' transliterated into Greek.
TOK: TAKITOC= Tacitus
CEB: SEBASTOS (greek indication for augustus).

With the pellet between TOC . CEB

Reverse:
ETOVC A (year 1)

Dikaiosyne standing left holding scales in right hand and cornucopia in left. Diakaiosyne is the Greek equivalent of Aequitas ('Equity, Fair Dealing' to quote Sear).

Domination: Billon TETRAdrachm (4 drachms): size 21 mm

Mint: Alexandria, provincial.

Comment:
These Egyptian issues are not in RIC, but the old standard catalogue for these is Milne, where yours is no. 4492, with the pellet between TOC . CEB. They are also listed in the new Sear vol.III (though in not as much detail), where the nearest is 11831, which doesn't have the pellets in the obverse legend (Milne 4489). Other references : Curtis 1832, BMC 2403v ; Geissen 3115.
1 commentsJohn Schou
DIOCLET-2.jpg
37 viewsDIOCLETIANVS - AE Follis - Mint of Carthago -298/303 AD.
Obv.: IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right
Rev.: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART, Carthago standing left, holding fruits in both hands, A in ex.
Gs. 7,7 mm. 27,9
Cohen 438, RIC 31a
Maxentius
CARACAL-4.jpg
23 viewsCARACALLA, as Caesar - Denarius - 196/198 AD
Obv.:M AVR ANTONINVS CAES, draped bust right
Rev.: SEVERI AVG PII FIL, sacrificial implements
Gs. 3 mm. 17,9
Cohen 587, RIC 4
Maxentius
MAXIMIN2-1.jpg
57 viewsMAXIMINVS II - Follis - Mint of Carthago - 305-306 AD.
Obv.:GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES, laureate head right
Rev.: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART, Carthage standing left holding fruits in both hands, I in left field, Δ in ex.
Gs. 3,9 mm 29,4
RIC VI 40b, Cohen 150.
2 commentsMaxentius
Triente-2.jpg
29 viewsAnonymous TRIENS - After 211 B.C. (Grueber 240/229 B.C.)
Obv.:Minerva head's right. Four pellets above
Rev. Ship's prow right. ROMA above, four pellets below
Gs. 7,9 mm. 24,7
Craw. 56/4, sear RCV 911, BMRRC (Grueber) 245
Maxentius
cc50283b.jpg
118 viewsPOSTUMUS: Double sestertius,
21.62g.

MINT: COLOGNE

IMP. C. M. CASS. LAT. POSTVMVS P. F. AVG. radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEVSONIE[NSI] Hercules standing l. holding club and lionskin, within four-columned temple with three pellets in pediment.

Bastien-231 (7 spec.), C-99 (30 Fr.), RIC-134 (R2).
1 commentspostumus
cc50283a.jpg
113 viewsPOSTUMUS: Double sestertius,
21.62g.

MINT: COLOGNE

IMP. C. M. CASS. LAT. POSTVMVS P. F. AVG. radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEVSONIE[NSI] Hercules standing l. holding club and lionskin, within four-columned temple with three pellets in pediment.

Bastien-231 (7 spec.), C-99 (30 Fr.), RIC-134 (R2).
postumus
QuadranteAburioGemino.jpg
27 viewsAE Quadrans - 134 BC. - Mint of Rome
C. ABVRIVS GEMINVS - Gens Aburia
Obv.: Head of Hercules right in lionskin, three pellets behind
Rev.: Prow of galley right. C. ABVRI (AB & VR in monogram) / GEM. three pellets before, ROMA below.
Gs. 4,3 mm. 17,6
Craw. 244/3, Sear RCV 1150, Grueber 1002
Maxentius
DenCRenio.jpg
19 viewsDenarius - 138 BC. - Rome mint
C. RENIVS - Gens Renia
Obv.:Helmeted head of Roma right, X behind
Rev.: Juno Caprotina in biga of goats right, C RENI below goats, ROMA in ex.
Crawf. 231/1, Sear RCV 108, Grueber I 885
Maxentius
DenSerratoLPapio.jpg
24 viewsDenarius Serratus - 79 BC - Rome mint
Obv.: Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goatskin, symbol behind (amphora with two handles and string)
Rev.:Gryphon dancing right, symbol below (ampulla), L PAPI in ex.
Gs. 3,8 mm. 18,28x19,64
Crawf. 384/1, Sear RCV 311, Grueber 2977

1 commentsMaxentius
1.jpg
21 viewsMarcus aurelius
AY KAI M AUR ANTWNEINOC

AEXIALEON

Strack, AMNG II, 1, p. 224, no. 430, which he lists as a 3-units Æ24. Bust of the fully bearded M Aurelius, with cloak over armor, to r. (probably without laurel). AV K M AVRH | ANTÔNEINOS. Rev., Homonoia stg. to l., with kalathos, patera, and cornucopiae. AGXIA | LEÔN. He lists three specimens.
+Alexios
coin410.jpg
31 viewsAnastasius, Constantinople mint, SB 29 DOC 26
Bust pearl diad.,draped and cuirassed. Rev. large
Epsilon with 2 dots, Gamma in field left. Coin #410
cars100
coin633.jpg
26 viewsIt is a copper lion of Mary Queen of Scots.
It is also known as a "hardhead", they were issued
1555-1560. It contains about 10% silver. they
were valued at three halfpence Scots, and were
equal in value to the french denier. The coin carries
the monogram FM, which appeared on her coinage
after her husband, the Dauphin, became Francis II
of France, on 10th July 1559. Francis died in 1560,
so this was issued within that period. Coin #633

cars100
26531q00.jpg
100 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Prieur 720 (1 example), SNG Paris 2331, Weber -, VF, 13.043g, 26.9mm, 180o, Aegeae mint, 132 - 133 A.D.; obverse AUTOKR KAIS TRAIA ADRIANO SEB P P, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ETOUS •QOR• AIGEAIWN, eagle standing facing on harpe, wings spread, head turned right, goat in ex; rare;

Aegeae issued tetradrachms only during the reigns of Hadrian and Caracalla. The issues were probably related to visits of these emperors to the town or to its famous sanctuary of Asclepius. -- The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and Their Fractions from 57 BC to AD 253 by Michel and Karin Prieur

ex FORVM
dealer's picture
1 commentsareich
Pella.jpg
37 viewsMacedonia, Pella AE21. 158-149 BC. Bust of Pan / Athena Alkidemos advancing right. Ref.Sear 1445

( I was given this coin as a bonus by an experienced collector / dealer, to attempt electrolysis on, he had been attempting to clean it with conventional methods for 1½ years, however it remained a nugget... I know some members will object, but 10 minuets in the bath of evil, and the crust just flaked off revealing a pretty and detailed coin!!! How I wish it was always so easy!!)
Lee S
Unknown_Provincial.jpg
30 viewsUnknown Provincial needs lots of cleaning1 commentsJames b4
112~0.JPG
98 viewsHistory of Thessalian League
The Thessalian League/confederacy was made up of several cities in the Thessalian valley in Northern Greece. This area was completely surrounded by mountains and isolated except for a few passes. It was one of the few areas of Greece self-sufficient in grain and produced livestock and horses. Thessaly had the best calvary in Greece. The league was frequently weakened by intercity rivalries and lost its strength in the 5th century BC. The league was re-established in 374 BC by the tyrant Jason. He was assassinated in 370 BC, when it became evident that he had plans of conquest against the rest of Greece. After the death of Jason, there was infighting in the league and some of the cities requested help from Philip II of Macedon to settle the rivalries, which he accomplished in 353 BC. A few years later (344 BC), Philip II simply took control of the entire area. Thessaly remained under Macedonian control until Macedonia was defeated by the Romans in 197 BC. A new league was established in 196 BC. The league continued until 146 BC, then became part of the Roman province of Macedonia.
Antonivs Protti
faustina-sr_AE-As_11_0gr_obv_02.jpg
33 viewsAntoninus Pius
Empress Faustina Sr.(138-141 AD)
Wife of Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD)

Bronze Dupondius or As, Most Likely an As.
Rome Mint

obv: DIVA FAVSTINA - Draped bust right
rev: AETERNITAS - Aeternitas seated left on starry globe, right hand outstretched, left hand holding sceptre. SC in exergue.

11.0 Grams
rexesq
chersonesos_hemidrachm_.jpg
73 viewsTHRACE, Black Sea Area. Chersonesos. Circa 460 BC. AR Hemidrachm (2.25 gm; 12 mm).
Forepart of lion right, head reverted / Quadripartite incuse square; pellet and Rooster monograms in opposite quadrants. Cf. BMC Thrace pg. 185, 42; Cf. SNG Cop. 824ff. Rare variety with Rooster on reverse
4 commentspaul1888
constantius_ii_campgate_smts1.jpg
39 viewsThe patina on this one is a beautiful dark green and glossy
Constantine II CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C LDC left
PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS 2 6 to 8, three seen with a base, two of them with dots in top layer SMTS Delta Thessalonica RIC VII Thessalonica 157 C3 326-328
James b4
d_058.JPG
65 viewsC 284C Diocletian Follis. Exe: HT | (delta) Heraclea, AD 293. IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right / CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian. HB between them. Mintmark dot XXI dot. _sold

http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/ric/diocletian/RIC_0284C.3.jpg
Antonivs Protti
faustina-sr_AE-As_11_0gr_obv_08_rev_09_93%.JPG
32 viewsEmpress Faustina Sr.(138-141 AD)
Wife of Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD)

Bronze Dupondius or As, Most Likely an As.
Rome Mint

obv: DIVA FAVSTINA - Draped bust right
rev: AETERNITAS - Aeternitas seated left on starry globe, right hand outstretched, left hand holding sceptre. SC in exergue.

11.0 Grams
1 commentsrexesq
Ancient_Counterfeits_Trajan_Limes_Falsum_Fortuna.jpg
63 viewsTrajan Limes Falsum?
Imitating a Dupondius, RIC 502 or RIC 591
Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V (VI?) P P
Apparently a double strike, which means that the coin was struck, not cast.
Rev: S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI
Fortuna standing l., holding rudder and cornucopiae
28mm, 3.31g
klausklage
Ancient_Counterfeits_Severus_Alexander_Fourree.jpg
23 viewsFourree Denarius, Severus Alexander, copying RIC 196
Obv: IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG
Laureate head right, drapery on left shoulder
Double strike
Rev: FORTVNAE REDVCI
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder on globe and cornucopiae.

18mm, 3.04g
klausklage
Fujino-02.JPG
216 viewsA 15 tray cabinet purchased by a collector in Tokyo, Japan.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
1 commentscmcdon0923
vespasian_denarius_sow_right_facing.jpg
84 viewsVESPASIAN. 69-79 AD. AR Denarius (19mm - 3.53 g). Rome mint. Struck 77-8 AD. CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right / IMP XIX, Sow walking left with three piglets. RIC II 982; BMCRE 212; RSC 213.3 commentspaul1888
Romanus_III,_Class_B_Follis,_Constantinople,_1028-1034_AD~0.JPG
44 viewsRomanus III, Class B Follis, Constantinople, 1028-1034 AD

IC to left, XC to right
Christ, bust facing, square in each limb of nimbus cross,
holding book of gospels
IS-XS / BAS-ILE / BAS-ILE
cross with dots at the ends, on three steps
SB 1823
11.8g / 27mm
Antonivs Protti
Domitian_denarius~0.jpg
68 viewsDOMITIAN. 81-96 AD. AR Denarius (18mm - 3.10 g). Rome mint. Struck 81 AD. IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M, laureate head right / TR POT COS VII DES VIII P P, tripod with fillets, dolphin right above. RIC II 74; BMCRE 22; RSC 568c.

Ex H.D. Rauch 67 (26 February 2001), lot 389.
1 commentspaul1888
500mark1923A.jpg
61 viewsGermany. Weimar Republic. 1919- 1933. Aluminum 500 Mark 1923-A. EINIGKEIT UND RECHT UND FREIHEIT, Eagle, star below / DEUTSCHES REICH 500 MARK 1923 A.

KM 36
oneill6217
sdsasd.jpg
12 viewsJapan. Tokugawa Letsuna. Brass Nagasaki Trade Coin (24mm) - Nagasaki Boeki-sen. Issued between A.D. 1659 - 1668.Patrick O3
pelletsa.jpg
24 viewsAE 8.5 mm 1.09 g
c.f. Mesopotamia, Hatra (sun god/eagle)
laney
Augsburg_Kaiser_Joseph_II__Cu_Pfennig_1786_Vindelicorum_Kupfer_Pyr.jpg
11 viewsRömisch Deutsches Reich - Augsburg, Reichsstadt

Zeit Joseph II. 1765 - 1790



Pfennig 1786

Stadtpyr in Kartusche/Wertzahl,darunter Jahreszahl.

Erhaltung: Sehr schön.

Durchmesser: 16 mm

Gewicht: 1,9 g (Cu) _1989
Antonivs Protti
Argentinien_2_Centavos_1890_Hände_Fahnen_Sonne_Argentina_Bronze.jpg
13 views

Argentinien

2 Centavos

1890

Vs.: Freiheitsmütze über sich reichende Hände, eingerahmt von Kranz und Fahnen, darüber Sonne, das Ganze im Perlkreis, darunter Jahr

Rs.: Argentina, Sinnbild der Republik, Kopf n. l.

Erhaltung: Sehr schön

Metall: Bronze

30 mm, 9,65 g _592
Antonivs Protti
Ägypten_Egypt_20_Piaster_1980_AH_1400_Falke_Kupfer_Nickel.jpg
11 views
Ägypten

5 Piaster

AD 1972 / AH 1392

Vs.: Oben arabische Schrift im Bogen, im Feld Nominal, rechts und links Jahreszahlen, unten Verzierungen

Rs.: Islamischer Falke

Zitat: KM# A428

Erhaltung: Kleiner Fleck, ansonsten Stempelglanz

Metall: Kupfer-Nickel

25 mm, 4,49 g _199
Antonivs Protti
3_Reich_5_Reichsmark_1934_F_Garnisonskirche_Datum_Stuttgart.jpg
12 views3. Reich

Deutschland

5 Reichsmark 1934 F (Silber)

Münzstätte Stuttgart

Garnisonskirche mit Datum

Gewicht: 13,88g

Erhaltung: sehr schön _1692
Antonivs Protti
Coesfeld_IIII_Pfennig_1763_Stierkopf_Kupfer_RDR.jpg
13 viewsRömisch Deutsches Reich - Coesfeld, Stadt

IIII Pfennig 1763

Stadtwappen mit Stierkopf/Wertzahl

Erhaltung: Sehr schön.

Durchmesser: 21 mm

Gewicht: 2,5 g _1493
Antonivs Protti
BRD_10_D-Mark_1972_J_Olympia_München_PP_Proof_Polierte_Platte.jpg
19 viewsBundesrepublik Deutschland

10 D-Mark 1972 (Silber)

Münzstätte Hamburg

Olympiade München 1972

Gewicht: 15,5g

Erhaltung: leicht angelaufen, Polierte Platte _1699
Antonivs Protti
Belgien_Medaille_1909_Erinnerung_Eröffnung_Klinik_Krankenkasse.jpg
11 viewsBelgien

Medaille 1909 (Bronze)

auf die Eröffnung der Klinik am 14.6.1909, finanziert durch die Gemeinschaftskasse von Industrie und Handel

Gewicht: 19,1g

Durchmesser: 34mm

Erhaltung: zaponiert, min.Rdf., vorzüglich _1298
Antonivs Protti
Deutsches_Reich_Kaiserreich_12_Mark_1918_D_München_Wilhelm_II__Adler.jpg
17 viewsDeutsches Reich -- Kaiserreich

Wilhelm II. 1888-1918

1/2 Mark 1918 D

München

Vorderseite: Jahr und Wert zwischen Eichenzweigen.

Rückseite: Adler zwischen Eichenzweigen.

Erhaltung: Fast Stempelglanz.

Metall: Silber, .900 fein.

Gewicht: 2,7 g.

Durchmesser: 20 mm. _792
Antonivs Protti
Deutsches_Reich_Friedrich_Schiller_100_Geburtstag_Seidan_1859_Verein.jpg
17 viewsBronzemedaille

Signiert W.S (Wenzel Seidan)

Undatiert (1859)

Auf den 100. Geburtstag Schillers gewidmet vom Prager Schiller-Verein





Vs: Umschrift, darin bekleidetes Brustbild nach rechts.

Rs: Sieben Zeilen Schrift zwischen zwei Lorbeerzweigen

8,0 g ; 26,0 mm

Vorzüglich _1193
Antonivs Protti
Deutsches_Reich_Friedrich_Schiller_100_Geburtstag_Seidan_1859_Verein_(2).jpg
24 viewsMedaillen

Deutsches Reich

Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller war ein bedeutender deutsche Dichter, Dramatiker, Philosoph und Historiker (*1759 in Marbach am Neckar, + 1805 in Weimar)

Zinnmedaille

Signiert W.S (Wenzel Seidan)

Undatiert (1859)

Auf den 100. Geburtstag Schillers gewidmet vom Prager Schiller-Verein





Vs: Umschrift, darin bekleidetes Brustbild nach rechts.

Rs: Sieben Zeilen Schrift zwischen zwei Lorbeerzweigen

7,5 g ; 26,0 mm

Kleine Randunebenheiten, Vorzüglich _1193
Antonivs Protti
Deutsches_Reich_1_Mark_1915_D_München_Kursmünze.jpg
22 viewsDeutsches Reich

Kaiser Wilhelm II., 1888-1918

1 Mark 1915 D (Silber)

Münzstätte München

Vs.: Gekrönter Reichsadler

Rs.: Wert und Jahreszahl

Gewicht: 5,5g

Erhaltung: fein getönt, unzirkuliert _899
Antonivs Protti
Deutschland_Medaille_o_J__Aussenminister_Hans_Dietrich_Genscher.jpg
13 viewsDeutschland

Medaille o.J. 1990er Jahre (Kupfer-Nickel, vergoldet)

von Sir Roward Hill

auf Hans-Dietrich Genscher

Durchmesser: 39mm

Gewicht: 27,2g

Erhaltung: stempelglanz _290
Antonivs Protti
Deutschland_Medaille_2000_Expo_Hannover_Twipsy.jpg
17 views
Hannover

Medaille 2000 (Kupfer-Nickel)

Auf die Expo in Hannover

Gewicht: 25,7g

Durchmesser: 39mm

Erhaltung: vorzüglich _596
Antonivs Protti
Deutschland_Medaille_1982_U-Boot_U_2540_Museum_Bremerhaven.jpg
22 viewsDeutschland

Bremerhaven

Medaille 1982 (Kupfer-Nickel)

auf das Technikmuseum U-Boot Wilhelm Bauer e.v.

Vs.: U-Boot

Rs.: Elefant

Gewicht: 19,0g

Durchmesser: 37mm

Erhaltung: vorzüglich-stempelglanz _798
Antonivs Protti
Deutschland_Medaille_1912_Krefeld_Polyhymnia_Harfe_Jubelfest.jpg
11 viewsDeutschland

Krefeld

Tragbare Medaille 1912 (Bronze, versilbert)

auf das Goldene Jubelfest d. G.V. Polyhymnia

Vs.: Frau spielt Harfe

Rs.: Schrift

Durchmesser: 34mm

Gewicht: 13,8g

Erhaltung:zaponiert, vorzüglich _1093
Antonivs Protti
Deutschland_Berlin_Medaille_o_J__Gedächtniskirche_Mahnmal.jpg
12 viewsDeutschland

Berlin

Medaille o.J. (Kupfer-Nickel, vergoldet)

von Sir Roward Hill

auf die Gedächtniskirche Berlin

Vs.: Kirche

Rs.: Adler

Gewicht: 26,8g

Durchmesser: 39mm

Erhaltung: stempelglanz _190
Antonivs Protti
DOA_Deutsch_Ostafrika_1_Pesa_1892_Berlin_Krone_Adler_Kranz.jpg
18 viewsDeutsch-Ostafrikanische Gesellschaft

1 Pesa

1892

Münzstätte: Berlin

Vs: Im Lorbeerkranz auf arabisch "Gesellschaft Deutschlands" und die islamische Jahreszahl (in arabischen Zahlzeichen) 1309 für 1892

Rs: Reichsadler

Literatur: Jäger 710

Erhaltung: Schön

Metall: Kupfer

25 mm, 6,26 g _694
Antonivs Protti
Deutschland_Potsdam_Medaille_1924_Schwimmfest_Sieger.jpg
17 viewsDeutschland

Potsdam

Medaille 1924 (Bronze)

II.Preis , gestiftet vom Potsdamer Schwimmclub

Vs.: Schwimmer greifen nach Lorbeerkranz, den Germania hält

Rs.:Gravur

Gewicht: 16,3g

Durchmesser: 35mm

Erhaltung: vorzüglich _591
Antonivs Protti
Hessen_Darmstadt_Landgraf_Ernst_Ludwig_Albus_1697_Löwenschild.jpg
20 viewsRömisch Deutsches Reich - Hessen Darmstadt

Ernst Ludwig, 1678 - 1739

Albus 1697

Löwenschild auf Zweigen.

Rs: Wert und Jahr auf Zweigen.

Erhaltung: Fast sehr schön

Durchmesser: 17 mm

Gewicht: 0,9 g Silber _1092
Antonivs Protti
HABSBURG_WIEN_6_Kreuzer_1800_Franz_Kopf_Krone_Doppeladler.jpg
34 viewsRDR -- Haus Habsburg

Franz II. (1792-1806-1835)

1800

6 Kreuzer (Kupfer)

Münzstätte: Wien (A)

Vs: Kopf nach rechts, darunter in Verzierung Münzzeichen (A). Umschrift: "FRANZ•II•RÖM•KAI•KÖN•Z•HU•U•BÖ•ERZH• Z•OEST•"

Rs: unter Krone Doppeladler, auf der Brust Wertzahl. Umschrift: "SECHS•KREUTZER•ERBLAENDISCH•1800•"

Gewicht: 12,4g

Durchmesser: 31 mm

Erhaltung: schön _799
Antonivs Protti
Habsburg_RDR_Taler_1780_Maria_Theresia_Polierte_Platte.jpg
31 viewsRömisch Deutsches Reich

Haus Habsburg

Maria Theresia, 1740-1780

Taler 1780 (Silber)

Vs.: Büste nach rechts

Rs.: Gekrönter Doppeladler

Gewicht: 28,2g

Durchmesser: 41,5mm

Erhaltung: fein getönt, Polierte Platte-

Posthume Prägung aus den 1970er Jahren, vorallem hergestellt für den Export in die USA _2691
Antonivs Protti
Libyen_Idris_I_50_Milliemes_AD_1965_AH_1385_Wappen_Kranz_Kupfer_Nickel.jpg
10 views
Ägypten

20 Piaster

AD 1980 / AH 1400

Vs.: Oben arabische Schrift im Bogen, im Feld Nominal, unten Verzierung, links und rechts Jahreszahlen

Rs.: Falke

Literatur: KM# 507

Erhaltung: Vorzüglich

Metall: Kupfer-Nickel

30 mm, 9,98 g _1198
Antonivs Protti
Preussen_2_Mark_1901_Friedrich_I__Wilhelm_II_Helm_Adler_Krone_Silber.jpg
23 viewsDeutsches Reich

Preussen

Königreich



Wilhelm II. (1888-1918)

2 Mark 1901

Münzstätte: Berlin

Anlässlich des 200jährigen Bestehen des Königreiches



Vorderseite: "+FRIEDRICH.I.1701. WILHELM.II.1901." um gestaffelte Brustbilder (nach links), das vordere mit gekröntem Adler auf Helm

Rückseite: "DEUTSCHES REICH 1901 / * ZWEI MARK *" um Krone über Adler mit Wappenschild auf Brusthöhe

Rand geriffelt

feine Kratzer, Vorzüglich / Stempelglanz

Silber (900/1000)

11,1g

Durchmesser ca. 28mm

AKS # 136

Jaeger # 105 _2998
Antonivs Protti
POLEN_KRAKAU_Schilling_1666_Johann_Kasimir_Büste_Reiter.jpg
14 viewsPolen

Johann Kasimir (1649-1668)

1666 (?)

Schilling (Kupfer)

Münzstätte: Krakau (?)

Vs: Büste nach rechts. Umschrift: "IOAN CAS REX"

Rs: Reiter nach rechts. Umschrift: "SOLI..... 1666"

Gewicht: 1,0g

Durchmesser: 14 mm

Erhaltung: schön _299
Antonivs Protti
Polen_Baltikum_Riga_König_Sigismund_Wasa_3_Gröscher_1593_Schlüssel.jpg
27 viewsKönigreich Polen - Stadt Riga

Sigismund III., 1587 - 1632

III Gröscher 1593, Mzz. Lilie

Vs: Gekrönter Kopf nach rechts.

Rs: Wertzahl III, darunter Stadtburg zwischen Jahrzahl und Wertangabe in Schrift.

Iger R.93.1c

Erhaltung: Sehr schön.

Durchmesser: 21 mm

Gewicht: 2,3 g Silber _4896
Antonivs Protti
Salzburg_Max_Gandolph_Küenburg_3_Kreuzer_1681_Heiliger_Rupert_Faß.JPG
18 viewsRömisch Deutsches Reich - Erzbistum Salzburg

Max Gandolph Graf von Küenburg, 1668 - 1687

3 Kreuzer 1681

Erhaltung: Sehr schön.

Vs: Hüftbild des Heiligen Rupert mit Krummstab und Salzfaß.

Rs: Stifts und Familienwappen zwischen Jahreszahl und Wertzahl.

Durchmesser: 21 mm

Gewicht: 1,6 g Silber _2692
Antonivs Protti
Westfalen_Münster_Domkapitel_VI_Pfennig_1762_Paulus_Schwert_Kupfer.jpg
13 viewsRömisch Deutsches Reich - Münster, Domkapitel



VI Pfennig 1762, Münzstätte Münster,

Hl. Paulus mit Bibel und Schwert.

Rs: Wert und Jahr.

Erhaltung: Schön.

Durchmesser: 25 mm

Gewicht: 3,2 g (Cu) _692
Antonivs Protti
Westfalen_Münster_Domkapitel_3_Pfennig_1758_Paul_Bibel_Schwert_Cu.jpg
17 viewsRömisch Deutsches Reich - Münster, Domkapitel

III Pfennig 1758 (?), Münster

Heiliger Paulus mit Bibel und Schwert

Rs: Jahreszahl und Wertzahl

Erhaltung: Fast sehr schön.

Durchmesser: 23 mm

Gewicht: 3,8 g (Cu) _691
Antonivs Protti
Ägypten_Egypt_5_Piaster_1967_AH_1387_Adler_Kupfer_Nickel.jpg
13 views
Ägypten

5 Piaster

AD 1967 / AH 1387

Vs.: Oben arabische Schrift im Bogen, im Feld Nominal, unten Verzierung, links und rechts Jahreszahlen

Rs.: Adler

Zitat: KM# 412

Erhaltung: Vorzüglich - fast Stempelglanz

Metall: Kupfer-Nickel

25 mm, 4,42 g _296
Antonivs Protti
_T2eC16dHJIkE9qU3lQ,hBR(r-rhsKw~~60_1.jpg
19 viewsÄgypten 5 Milliemes AD 1973 / AH 1393
Vs.: Oben arabische Schrift im Bogen, im Feld Nominal, links und rechts Jahreszahlen
Rs.: Adler
Zitat: KM# 432
Erhaltung: Stempelglanz
Metall: Messing
18 mm, 1,96 g _196
Antonivs Protti
philip_I_Prieur_443_CF.jpg
18 viewsPHILIP I
Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
26.3 mm, 11.9 grams

OBV: Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
REV: Eagle standing left, wreath in its beak.
ANTIOXIA in ex.
PRIEUR 443 CF
ziggy9
philip_I_Pick_100.jpg
53 viewsPHILIP I
Sestertius, Viminacium, Moesia.
26.9 mm, 15.8 grams

OBV. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
REV. PMS C-OL VIM, Moesia standing facing, arms outstretched over a bull and a lion.
Year AN VII in exergue.
Pick 100; Martin 2'09'1.
ziggy9
Alexandria_Egypt_tetradrachm.jpg
43 viewsEGYPT, ALEXANDRIA, Gallienus (A.D. 253-268), Potin Tetradrachm, 10.77g., 23mm, Dated year 14 (A.D. 266/7), AVT K P LIK GALLIHNOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right, rev., eagle standing left, head right, holding wreath in beak, L ID (date) before, palm behind, (Köln 2932; Dattari 5283; Milne 4145),


Provenance:

Ex Boston Museum of Fine Arts (Deaccessioned #88.230).

Purchased from Alfred Oscar van Lennep (1851-1913), Anglo-Dutch Numismatic and Antiquities Dealer (Smyrna, (Izmir) Turkey), January 5th, 1888.
paul1888
Moore_03.JPG
190 viewsA 15 tray cabinet ordered as a surprise Valentine's Day gift.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
image00067.jpg
40 viewsIndia, Pre-Mauryan Empire. Anonymous. Ca. 500-400 B.C. AR karshapana (20.1 mm, 1.62 g). 4 punches: elephant left with double crescent above, 5 crescents around annulets with dot in center (cf. R-195), three fish swimming around annulet with pellets around (cf. R-232)SpongeBob
Filer_01.JPG
185 viewsA special smaller coin box I built for a collector. The box measures about 8.5" wide by 9" deep by 5" tall. It contains 6 thicker trays with slightly deeper recesses.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
AJB_92.JPG
173 viewsA cabinet I built for a collector, featuring 18 trays and locking doors.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
1 commentscmcdon0923
xBS_01.jpg
154 viewsAn example of a cabinet built for a collector, and friend of mine.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
JL-1b.JPG
144 views12 tray cabinet

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Sue_01.JPG
124 viewsA little six tray "mini-cabinet" built for a collector to display her collection of Lincoln cents....plus a few larger spaces to hold some Native American arrowheads.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
PICT0242.JPG
126 viewsAn 18 tray cabinet with doors. This was one of five cabinets I built for this collector to house his collection of ancient electrum and gold.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Eion.jpg
74 viewsMacedon, Eion, trihemiobol, 5th century BC, goose standing right, head looking back; above, lizard, rev., quadripartite incuse square, 0.77g

Boston 610; K. Regling, Die Griechischen Munzen der Sammlung Warren, Berlin, 1906, 569 ; SNG ANS 274ff.

Provenance:
Ex: Morton and Eden Ltd, In association with Sotheby’s; A Collection of Exceptional Greek Coins, Catalog 51, Monday, October 24, 2011, lot 85
Ex: Numismatic Fine Arts VIII, 6 June 1980, lot 97
Ex: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Collection (accession number 04.667). Published: Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1955; 610 (this coin),
Ex: Edward Perry Warren collection; Published: Die Griechischen Munzen der Sammlung Warren, Berlin, 1906, 569 (this coin).
Ex: Canon Greenwell Collection


Note: Cannon Greenwell, a well-known Durham antiquarian, sold for £11.000 |$55.000) his fine collection of Greek coins to Edward Perry Warren in 1901.
Source: Los Angeles Herald, Volume XXVIII, Number 323, 19 August 1901, Page 7
4 commentspaul1888
XP_004.JPG
131 viewsAn 18 tray cabinet with locking doors, built to hold a collection of ancients.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Tripura_RB-136.jpg
17 viewsTripura, Udaya Manikya, Tanka, 11.16g, Sk 1489, citing Queen Hira, as previous lot, but border of arches on the obverse points right rather than left, no bead in front of lion, none of the date behind lion's back leg; reverse legend arranged slightly differently: Śri Śri Yutoda/ya Manikya/ Deva Śri Hi/ra Maha Devyau (RB. 136; KM. 79)SpongeBob
stuff-01.jpg
13 viewsMassachusetts Treasury Loan Certificate £15 June 1, 1780 MA-8
This certificate is listed as MA-8 in Anderson's The Price of Liberty. It bears the Sword in Hand vignette encircled by a rattlesnake. Anderson rates this piece as a low R7, indicating only 7 to 12 examples are known.
1 commentsSpongeBob
100_1889_crop.JPG
181 viewsHere is an example of a cabinet showing three different available styles of trays for storage. At the top is a standard round recess type tray....very traditional.

In the middle is an open format tray for displaying items "free form", or for items of unusual sizes/shapes such as large medals, military decorations or pocket watches.

On the bottom is a new offering; a drawer for slabs. Each drawer can hold 30 slabs from any of the three major slabbing firms; PCGS, NCG, or ANACS. Other commercial, or "DIY" slabs should also fit, provided they are no larger than any from the "big three" firms.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Denarius_111-110.jpg
15 viewsDenarius
Appius Claudius Pulcher, T Manlius Mancinus & Q Urbinus
Mint: Rome
111-110 BCE

Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma, right; behind, mark (circle within a triangle); border of dots
Reverse: Victory in triga right, holding reins in both hands, one horse looking back; AP CL T MAL Q VR in exergue; border of dots

Crawford (RRC) 299/1a
Sydenham 570
RSC I Mallia 1
SRCV I 176
Shea B
Denarius_206-195.jpg
16 viewsDenarius
Anonymous
Mint: Rome
206-195 BCE

Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma, right; behind, denominational mark (X); border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri galloping, right; below, mark (eight-rayed star); Roma in exergue; line border

Crawford (RRC) 113/1
Sydenham 263
RSC I 20gg
BM 457
SRCV I 54
Shea B
image01235.jpg
20 viewsObv: ռաիԲեն (Raiben; Roupen); Cross Pattée with small pellets in four quadrants
Rev: ծառա այ (Tsara ay; Servant of God); Cross Pattée with large pellets in four quadrants
Quant.Geek
30599.jpg
33 viewsanonymous (attributed to Alexius I). Ca. 1081-1118. AE follis (25.96 mm, 5.26 g, 12 h). anonymous class J. Constantinople mint. Facing bust of Christ, cross behind his head with 5 pellets in each limb; wearing pallium and colobium; raising hand and holding book of Gospels; / IC - C / XC / Crosss with globule and two pellets at each extremity; beneath, large crescent; around, four globules, each surrounded by pellets. SBCV 1900. Overstruck on a class I anonymous follis SBCV 1889 1 commentsQuant.Geek
D_T-2638.jpg
37 viewsGAUL: Anonymous, circa 80-52 BC, AE15, cf. D&T 2638 (for style), stylized Alexandrian head right // YLLYCCV (?) around sylized eagle standing left; pentagram and pellets-in-annulets to right1 commentsQuant.Geek
IMG_9235.JPG
6 viewsAnonymous. Circa 270 BC. Æ Aes Grave Triens (48mm, 93.00 g, 12h). Rome mint. Head of horse right; [••••] (mark of value) below / Head of horse left; [••••] (mark of value) below. Crawford 18/3 (Uncertain mint); ICC 35; HN Italy 281. Fine, gray-green patina, some earthen deposits, a little flaky in parts.

From the Collection of a Director.
ecoli
Album-1827_3.jpg
18 viewsISLAMIC, Anatolia & al-Jazira (Post-Seljuk). Artuqids (Mardin). Najm al-Din Alpi. AH 547-572 / AD 1152-1176. Æ Dirham (33mm, 17.13 g, 9h). Unlisted (Mardin[?]) mint. Undated issue. Diademed and draped male busts, vis-à-vis; laqabs of Najm al-Din Alpi above and below; tamgha to lower left / Byzantine emperor standing facing being crowned by the Theotokos standing facing; genealogy of Najm al-Din Alpi around. Whelan Type II, 40-41; S&S Type 28; Album 1827.3; ICV 1201.
1 commentsQuant.Geek
combined.jpg
65 viewsAn 8 tray cabinet with 15 inch wide trays capable of holding items up to 1/2" thick. Built for a collector to house a collection of medals, he also requested brass carrying handles.


CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Sear-653.jpg
19 viewsPhocas. 602-610. Æ Follis – 40 Nummi (32mm, 12.92 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. Dated RY 5 (606/7). Crowned facing bust, wearing consular robes, holding mappa and cross / Large XXXX; ANNO above, Ч to right; TЄS. DOC 47; MIBE 91; SB 653. Good VF, dark brown-black patina, hint of earthen deposits, cleaning marks. Overstruck on a Nicomedia follis of Maurice Tiberius (SB 512). Quant.Geek
Sear-2217.jpg
10 viewsJohn Comnenus-Ducas. As emperor of Thessalonica, 1237-1242. BI Trachy (20mm, 1.67 g, 6h). Type R, Variety A. Thessalonica mint. Outstretched wing to left / Facing half-length bust John, holding banner decorated with two cross-in-rings. DOC 31; SB 2217. VF, dark green and brown patina, hint of roughness, small flan split.


From the Iconodule Collection.
Quant.Geek
4050632.jpg
10 viewsJohn Comnenus-Ducas. As emperor of Thessalonica, 1237-1242. BI Trachy (14mm, 0.38 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / Facing busts John and St. Demetrius, holding patriarchal cross between them. DOC –; SB –; NAC 56, lot 830 (hammer 800 CHF). VF, dark green patina, obverse struck with worn die, ragged flan. Extremely rare.


From the Iconodule Collection.
Quant.Geek
100_2605.JPG
66 viewsA 15 tray cabinet with extra wide (15") trays lined with red felt. Each tray can hold an item up to 1/2 inch thick...perfect for medals or other over-sized items.

CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Herrli-01_30_11.jpg
16 viewsSIKH EMPIRE: AE paisa (11.77g), Amritsar, VS(188)0, KM-4, Herrli-01.30.11Quant.Geek
Herrli-01_31.jpg
11 viewsSIKH EMPIRE: AE ¼ anna (7.35g), Amritsar, VS(18)96, KM-5var, Herrli-01.31, small cross in obverse field, pa anna nanakshahi on reverse, lovely strike, gorgeous EF, R, ex Paul Stevens Collection. Herrli divided these into a paisa (=¼ anna) and half paisa (11-12g, and 5.5g, respectively), but all coins are inscribed "pa anna" for ¼ anna, and all weigh in the range of 7.0g to 8.5g; thus there is only one denomination for this type.
Quant.Geek
INDIA_-_MAGHAS_OF_VATSA_-_300_AD_-_BRONZE_COIN_-_EXRARE_-_3_60gm.jpg
13 viewsAntonivs Protti
1519334_m.jpg
11 viewsCALABRIA
TARENT
AR-Drachme, 302/280 v. Chr.; 3,22 g. Athenakopf r. mit attischem Helm, steinschleudernde Scylla als Helmzier//Eule r., r. Olivenzweig. Ravel, Vlasto 1047 ff.; Rutter, Historia Numorum 975. Sehr schön Exemplar der Sammlung Kochs. Ex: Dr. Eugen Nitsch, Auktion Adolph Hess Nachf. 236, Frankfurt am Main Monday, April 3, 1939, Nr. 69.
1 commentspaul1888
Pseudo_Rhodian_Drachm.jpg
35 viewsMacedonian Kingdom. Perseus. 179-168 B.C. AR drachm (15 mm, 2.60 g, 12 h). ca. 171/0 B.C. Aristokrates, magistrate. Head of Helios facing slightly right / P-O, rose with bud to left; in left field, club; above, magistrate's name: [ΑΡΙ]ΣΤΟΚΡΑΤΗΣ. R. J. H. Ashton, ""Clubs, Thunderbolts, Torches, Stars and Caducei: more Pseudo-Rhodian Drachms from Mainland Greece and the Islands,"" NC 162 (2002), 17 (A6/P5; this coin). Toned. Very fine.
Ex Naville V (18 June 1923), 2669. British Museum Duplicate, Ex: British Museum


The Pseudo-Rhodian drachms were struck, probably by the Macedonians under Perseus but possibly by the Romans, to pay for Mercenaries from Crete and Rhodes who would have been familiar with Rhodian coinage. The coins in the name of the magistrate Aristokrates with the club symbol in the field is the largest known individual issue of pseudo-Rhodian drachms from the Third Macedonian War, and used at least twenty-nine obverse dies.
paul1888
_DSCCC3710.jpg
8 viewsivus Augustus (died AD 14). Orichalcum dupondius (30mm, 15.45 gm, 6h). Rome, under Claudius, AD 42-50. DIVVS AVGVSTVS, radiate head of the deified Augustus left between S – C /A, Livia seated to left holding grain ears in right hand and long torch wrapped in left arm. RIC (Claudius) 101 (R2). BMCRE (Claudius) 224. Cohen 93. Rare! Boldly struck on a large, heavy flan, from dies of exceptional style. Fantastic portrait and natural chocolate brown patina. Choice Extremely Fine. From The Lexington Collection. Ex UBS 78 (Basel, 9 September 2008), lot 1377. One of the first acts of Claudius, after his accession as emperor, was to propose that the late Livia, wife of Augustus, be deified. The Senate granted this honor in AD AD 42, 13 years after her death, and the appropriate celebrations were made. This attractive coin could be viewed as commemorating the event, depicting the long-deified Augustus along new, with his newly elevated wife. The work of cutting the dies was obviously considered important enough to be given to a master engraver, as both the portrait of Augustus and the graceful image of Livia are of outstanding quality.1 commentsRonald
Sear-847.jpg
11 viewsHeraclius and Heraclius Constantine. A.D. 610-641. AE follis (25.80 mm, 6.21 g, 7 h). Seleucia Isauriae mint, 1st officina. Dated RY 7 (616/7). Crowned and draped facing busts of Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine, each holding globus cruciger / Crowned and draped facing busts of Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine, each holding globus cruciger / Large K; cross above, A below; A/N/N/O ςI (date) across field. SB 847; DOC 182a; MIB 195. VF.



The Seleucia Isauriae mint was in use between 615 and 618 to support Heraclius’ campaigns against the Sasanians
Quant.Geek
110893LG.jpg
7 viewsSouthern Gaul, Volcae-Tectosages. 1st century B.C. AR drachm (12 mm, 2.39 g). Head left with wild hair and Negroid features / Cross with one ring and three pellets in angles, crescents enclosing each quadrant. LT 2986Quant.Geek
110563LG.jpg
7 viewsDivus Victorinus. Died A.D. 271. Æ antoninianus (21 mm, 2.99 g, 12 h). Colonia Agrippinensis, under Tetricus I, late A.D. 271. [DI]VO VICTORINO PIO, radiate and cuirassed bust of Victorinus right / CONSA[C]RATIO, eagle standing right on globe, head left, holding wreath in beak. Cf. RIC 85 (bust); cf. Mairat 416 (bust); AGK 1b. Brown patina with a few hard green depositsQuant.Geek
combined~0.jpg
38 viewsHere are two views of a 10 tray cabinet I built for a collector in Singapore. I absolutely love the grain pattern!!

CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
fX2MW3jPNE6kR9py5yTHL8ok4mcBnF.jpg
12 viewsObverse:


Laureate bust of Constantine right.


Reverse:


SARMATIA DEVICTA: Victory advancing right, captive at her feet. STR (crescent) in exergue.


Weight:


2.81 grams.


Diameter:


18.81 mm.


Comments:


Glossy dark patina. As struck, no weaknesses and very difficult to better.


References.


RIC 435.
1 commentspaul1888
100_3660.jpg
29 viewsAn 18 tray cabinet with brushed nickel finish hardware and locking doors. The collector specifically requested no felts in the trays, as he was going to look into a custom material for lining them.

CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Trajan.jpg
65 viewsTrajan AR Denarius. Rome, AD 113-114. IMP TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate and draped bust right / COS VI P P SPQR, Trajan's column surmounted by statue of the emperor; at base, two eagles. RIC 307; BMCRE 522; RSC 115. 3.53g, 20mm, 6h.
Of all of the truly monumental buildings and commemorative structures which the emperor Trajan built, only one, the Columna Traiani, has survived in a reasonable state of completeness. Indeed, it appears almost identical in person as it does on coins, except that the statue of Trajan that originally surmounted it was replaced in 1588 with a statue of St. Paul. When completed, the column occupied a prominent place between two libraries, the Basilica Ulpia and the Temple of Trajan and Plotina. The column was massive: it was over 12 feet in diameter at its base, and rose to a height of nearly 130 feet. Its core was comprised of 34 blocks of Carrara white marble that were made hollow so as to accommodate a circular staircase of 185 steps. The most remarkable feature of the column, however, was its ornamentation, for the friezes on its exterior are some of the most inspiring works of art ever produced. Monumental in scope and execution, they record Trajan’s two Dacian campaigns, from 101-3 and 104-6. All told, there are more than 2,500 individually sculpted figures distributed among more than 150 scenes. The emperor himself is represented no less than fifty times – not a surprise considering his penchant for commemorative architecture and his pride in having added Dacia to the provinces of the empire. “ Source: NAC”

Ex Michael Kelly Collection of Roman Silver Coins
4 commentspaul1888
merged.jpg
46 viewsHere is my most recent project, both for the same collector. There are two separate cabinets, one containing 5 drawers each capable of holding 60 slabs. The other was a 45 tray cabinet with a variety of tray configurations, with a total capacity of over 2,200 raw coins. They were shipped in four boxes weighing approximately 215 pounds, total. (The pictures were taken in slightly different lighting conditions, which tends to make them look different in color, but they actually matched quite well.)

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
2 commentscmcdon0923
MARY,_QUEEN_OF_SCOTS_(1542-67).JPG
6 views*Alex
constans199.jpg
Constans, Siscia RIC VIII 19929 viewsConstans, AE 3, Sisica
Obverse: DN CONSTANS PF AVG, pearl diademed and curiassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor standing facing, head left, holding Phoenix on globe and labarum on galley, Victory sits at the helm.
Gamma SIST(symbol 3) in ex. Siscia mint, 18.9 mm, 2.0 g.
NORMAN K
crispvsvotx1s.jpg
Crispus, Siscia RIC 17529 viewsAE 3 / 4 Crispus Votive
Obverse: IVL CRIS PVS NOBC, laureate head right.
Reverse: CAESARVMNOSTRORVM around VOT X ( I pledge 10 years)
TSIS in ex. Siscia mint, 16.5 mm,. 2.4 g.
NORMAN K
Randy.JPG
Falling horseman64 viewsAll 15 official mints.
Alexandria
Amiens
Antioch
Aquileia
Arles
Constantinople
Cyzicus
Heraclea
Lyons
Nicomedia
Rome
Sirmium
Siscia
Thessalonica
Trier
Barbaous Mint

Updated coins with a new background (thanks Jay!)
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Augustus_RPC_1565.jpg
2 Augustus RPC 156518 viewsAUGUSTUS
Æ of Parium or Philippi, 27 BC-14 AD

AVG, head of Augustus r./ Two colonists ploughing with a pair of oxen right.

RPC 1565 (uncertain, Philippi?); SNG BN 1439.
RI0011
Sosius
47614q00.jpg
3 Tiberius, Utica, Zeugitana, Ex John Quincy Adams Collection30 viewsBronze dupondius, RPC I 739, F, holed, 13.158g, 29.8mm, 90o, Zeugitana, Utica mint, 298 - 30 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVG IMP VIII, bare head left; reverse C VIBIO MARSO PRCOS III C SALLVSTIVS IVSTVS II, Livia seated right, scepter in left, patera in extended right, M - M / I - V across fields; with John Quincy Adams Collection tag from the Stack's Sale; scarce
RI0001
Ex John Quincy Adams Collection, 6th President of the United States, and His Descendants, ex Massachusetts Historical Society Collection, ex Stack’s Sale , 5-6 March 1971, lot 763.

Purchased from FORVM
Sosius
Tiberius_RIC_90.jpg
3 Tiberius Countermarked AE 3029 viewsTIBERIUS
AE30 of uncertain mint in Commagene
19-20 A.D.

Laureate head right, with countermark: head of Hercules within circle / Winged caduceus between two cornucopiae.

RIC 89, RPC 3868. RIC 89. BMC 174.
Thanks to FORVM member R. Smits for helping to ID the countermark.
RI0053
1 commentsSosius
Caligula_Provincial_cassand.jpg
4 Caligula AE16 of Cassandrea15 viewsCassandrea, Macedonia
AE16, Time of Caligula

Standard/Vexilla with crescents above // CAS/SAN/DR within wreath

Thanks to FORVM member Quisquam for helping me attribute this little coin.
RI0017
Sosius
image.jpg
6 Nero69 viewsNero. A.D. 54-68. Æ as (29 mm, 11.60 g, 6 h). Lugdunum, ca. A.D. 66. IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P MAX TR P P P, bare head of Nero right, globe at point of neck / S C across field, Victory alighting left, holding shield inscribed [S P Q R]. RIC 543; WCN 593; BMC 381; Cohen 302. Medium brown patina with attractive earthen green deposits, light encrustations. Very fine.

Ex Triskeles Auctions
RI0039
3 commentsSosius
Nero_Den_RIC_60_reimaged.jpg
6 Nero27 viewsNERO
AR Denarius (19mm, 3.43 g, 6h)
Rome mint. Struck ~65-66 AD

O: Laureate head right

R: Salus seated left on throne, holding patera.

RIC I 60; RSC 314. aVF

Ex-CNG Sale 35, Lot 737, 9/20/95

In AD 65-66 two new types appear on the coins of Nero, Jupiter Custos- “Guardian”, and Salus- “Well-Being” (of the emperor). Nero gave thanks for surviving the Pisonian Conspiracy, which got its name from G. Calpurnius Piso, a senator put forward as an alternative emperor by senior military officers and government officials who feared the increasingly erratic Nero. The plot was discovered, many prominent Romans were executed, and others, such as the philosopher Seneca, were forced to commit suicide. This delayed the emperor’s fate for a few years.

RI0043
1 commentsSosius
rjb_car_844.jpg
88cf118 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “MARS VICTOR”
Mars walking right holding spear with trophy over shoulder
Unmarked mint
-/-//[III]
RIC - (cf 88 & 844)
Reverse die duplicate of Normanby Hoard 1582 and 1583. Its is evident from the form of the mint mark (off flan on this specimen) that the die engraver was copying the reverse of a Lyon mint coin of Probus.
mauseus
constantinupolis-1.jpg
Constantinopolis - RIC 18817 viewsCity Commemorative
330-333 AD.
CONSTANTINOPOLIS, crested, laureate helmeted bust
of Constantinopolis left in imperial mantle & holding sceptre /
Victory with open wings standing left, right foot on a vessel's prow holding sceptre & leaning on shield,
SMTSD in ex.
xokleng
CONSTANTIUS_II_189.jpg
CONSTANTIUS II, RIC VIII 189d Thessalonica36 viewsObverse: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG. Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Soldier spearing fallen horseman who is bare headed and reaching backwards. Delta in left field.
SMTS in ex. Thessalonica 17.1 mm diam. 2.6 g.
1 commentsNORMAN K
licnl1s.jpg
Licinius I, RIC VII 008,a Siscia, 313-315 CE33 viewsLicinius AE Follis
Obverse: IMP LIC LICINVS AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: IOVI CON_SERVATORI, Jupiter standing left with Victory & scepter, eagle at foot with wreath in its beak, A to right.
Sis in ex. Siscia mint. 20.7 mm, 3.1 g.
NORMAN K
Scipio_Bronze.jpg
Scipio Africanus28 viewsSCIPIO AFRICANUS
Æ15, Spain, Carthago Nova, (2.4g) c. 209 B.C.

Male Roman style head left, probably Scipio Africanus before he was given title Africanus / Horse head right

SNG Cop. 298, Lindgren Eur. Mints 6. Toynbee p. 18-19. VF, green patina, encrust.

This coin may be the earliest depiction of a living Roman. Carthago Nova also produced rare likely portraits of Hannibal.
RR0029
Sosius
_#31071;_#23527;_#37325;_#23542;.jpg
#31071; #23527; #37325; #23542;89 viewsNorth Sung Dynasty
Emperor HUI TSUNG
AD 1101-1125

CH'UNG-NING CHUNG-PAO
Bronze 10 cash
Orthodox Script
36mm, 11.1g
S622
Nice patina
Samson L2
Section2_Page_17_Image_0001.jpg
*Late Roman Mints48 viewsFrom:
ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez

ERIC I and ERIC II are great resources for coin identification and the history behind the coins. Author Ras Suarez is a heck of a nice guy and very accessible to collectors. He has made all of ERIC I freely available at:
http://www.dirtyoldbooks.com/eric.html
Sosius
Diocletian12.jpg
1 Diocletian Pre-Reform Radiate39 viewsDiocletian
AE Antoninianus, 293-295, Antioch, Officina 9
IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA MIL_ITVM, Emperor standing right, short scepter in left hand, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, scepter in left, ED in lower middle field, XXI in exergue
RIC V, Part II, 322
Ex Max Mehl Coins
Ex Andreas Reich

Thanks to FORVM members stinats and Genio Popvli Romani for helping to attribute this coin!
Sosius
Screen_Shot_2017-05-11_at_10_45_56_AM.png
15 Hadrian25 viewsHadrian. A.D. 117-138. AE sestertius. Rome mint, struck A.D. 119.
Hadrian. A.D. 117-138. AE sestertius (35.51 mm, 26.94 g, 7 h). Rome mint, struck A.D. 119. IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIA-NVS AVG P M TR P COS III, laureate, bare-chested "heroic" bust right, drapery on left shoulder / PROVIDENTIAE DEORVM S - C, Hadrian, togate, standing facing, head left, right hand receiving scepter borne by eagle descending from sky on left and scroll (?) in left hand. RIC 589; BMC 1203. good VF/VF, fantastic sensitive portrait on heroic bust, green patina with spots of red, particularly on reverse. Ex Agora Auctions 5/9/2017
1 commentsSosius
Hadrian_RIC_848.jpg
15 Hadrian As, travel series, Cappadocia43 viewsHADRIAN
AE As
HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP, draped bust right / CAPPADOCIA S-C, Cappadocia, towered, in tunic & cloak with tassles, standing left holding a miniature of Mount Argaeus & standard.
RIC 848; gVF, pitting
This coin seems to have suffered from bronze disease in the past, and appears to have lost its patina as a result of the BD treatment.
RI0096
1 commentsSosius
rjb_2010_01_64.jpg
182bis99 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Antoninianus
Obv: "IMPP CAES PII FF FR AVGGG"
Radiate, cuirassed, jugate busts right
Rev: "VIRTVS AVGGG"
Three emperors standing left holding batons and globes
London mint
-/-//MLXXI
RIC -; Bourne (2009) - (cf 24 obverse & 6 reverse)
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_2016_05_06.jpg
18bis15 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right viewed from rear
FELICITAS AVG
Felicitas standing left holding caduceus and cornucopia
RIC lists FELICITAS SEC as a reverse, however this looks to read AVG. Similarly Burnett only lists FELICITAS SEC but then only with a cuirassed bust on the obverse
London mint
S/A//ML
RIC 22
mauseus
Trajan_RIC_534.jpg
2 Trajan Sestertius15 viewsTRAJAN
AE Sestertius. 103-111 AD.

O: laureate head right

R: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI S-C, Trajan riding right spearing Dacian enemy before horse.

Cohen 503, RIC 534, sear5 #3204

VG - Lots of wear....handled by many, many hands
RI0126
Sosius
rjb_car_fratrescf198.jpg
202cf189 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "CARAVSIVS ET FRATRES SVI"
Jugate busts of Diocletian, Maximianus and Carausius left, Carausius holding spear over shoulder
Rev "COMES AVGGG"
Victory walking left holding wreath and branch
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 202-3)
An interesting variant of the bust type with the spear, compare with the jugate Carausius in the “Best of Type” gallery.
2 commentsmauseus
Caracalla_and_Geta.jpg
25 Caracalla and Geta28 viewsCaracalla & Geta
AE28 Pentassarion of Markianopolis. Magistrate Flavius Ulpianus.

AV K M AV ANTWNINOC AV K L CEP GETAC. Confronted laureate draped busts / V FL OULPIANOU MARKIANOPOLITWN, draped bust of Serapis right, E to left.

Moushmov 464
Sosius
Roman_Prov.jpg
26 Geta?21 viewsNever nailed this one down. It was discussed here:

http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=70693.msg443086#msg443086

From FORVM member Pscipio:
"Probably Geta as Caesar rather than Caracalla, cf. SNG Aulock 7165 for what looks like an obverse die match (different reverse type). Note that a similar left facing portrait also exists for Caracalla, but laureate, thus as Augustus: SNG Aulock 7162, which is clearly from the same hand and therefore probably belongs to the same emission.

The countermark appears to be Howgego 68."
Sosius
Her_Etruscilla_RIC_59b.jpg
3.1 Herennia Etruscilla18 viewsHERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
Wife of Trajan Decius
AR Antoninianus.

HER ESTRVSCILLA AVG, diademed & draped bust right on crescent / PVDICITA AVG, Pudicitia seated left holding sceptre & drawing veil from her face.

RIC 59b, RSC 19, Sear5 #9495

aVF, Green deposits. This coin would probably clean up beautifully. Need to put that on the to-do list.
Sosius
Sev_Alex_SGI_3390_.jpg
30 Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea27 viewsSEVERUS ALEXANDER & JULIA MAMAEA
AE27, Edessa, Mesopotamia

Confronting portraits of Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea / City-goddess seated left, holding small temple; River-god swimming beneath her

SGI 3390
Sosius
2473d03d8982aed66455e7935ac366a0.jpeg
34 Balbinus83 viewsÆ Sestertius, 30mm, 22.61 g, 12h, Rome mint. 238 AD

O: Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right

R: Liberalitas standing facing, head left, holding abacus and cornucopia.
RIC IV 15.

Good Fine, black patina with some earthen highlights

Ex CNG
2 commentsSosius
Balbinus_Ant.jpg
34 Balbinus30 viewsBALBINUS
Ruled April 22 – July 29 238
AR antoninianus, Rome Mint. (22mm, 5.01 gm, 7h).
IMP CAES CAEL BALBINVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA AVGG, clasped hands.
RIC 10. RSC 3.
Lightly toned. Some deposits. Minor die break on obverse. Large flan. Good Very Fine.
From collection of Dale Sigler, Tarzana,CA
Ex. Heritage Auctions
1 commentsSosius
CaliDu01-2.jpg
37 AD Dedication of the temple of Divus Augustus288 viewsorichalcum dupondius (29mm). Rome mint. Struck AD 37.
CONSENSV SENAT·ET·EQ·ORDIN·P·Q·R Gaius seated left on curule chair
DIVVS AVGVSTVS S C radiate head of Augustus facing left
RIC (Gaius) 56; Cohen (August) 87; Foss (Roman historical coins) 60:4
ex old British (Oxford) collection

Minted under Caligula on the occasion of the dedication of a temple to Divus Agustus; the identity of the seated person is uncertain but probably Gaius. The legend 'ET EQ' refers to 'EQVES' (pl. EQVITES), 'horseman'. In the early empire, they were the holders of administrative posts of a class second only to the senators.
In the picture the obverse and reverse have accidentally been switched around.
Charles S
rjb_2012_11_31.jpg
3817 viewsAnonymous; c.217 BC
AE sextans
Obv - Head of Mercury right wearing petasus
Rev "ROMA"
Prow right,, two pelets below
Rome mint
Crawford 38/5
mauseus
Hostilian_Vim_Moushmov_54.jpg
4.5 Hostilian19 viewsHostillian, as Caesar
AE27 of Viminacium, Moesia Superior
251 AD

O: C VAL HOST M QUINTVS CAE, bare-headed, draped & cuirassed bust right

R: PMS COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, hands outstretched over a bull and a lion at her sides. AN XII in ex.

Viminacium
Moushmov 54
Sosius
Volusian_Vimin.jpg
4.75 Volusian17 viewsVolusian AE 25mm of Viminacium. IMP C VOLVSIANVS AVG, laureate bust right, slight drapery / P M S COL VIM, draped female figure of Moesia standing facing, hands outstretched over bull and lion; AN XII in ex

Moushmov 60
Sosius
rjb_2016_09_01.jpg
4110 viewsClaudius 41-54 AD
Tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Year 6
Rev: Messalina, 3rd wife of Claudius, holding two small children (Claudia Octavia and Britannicus) in outstretched hand
RPC I 5164
mauseus
rjb_al_55.jpg
5590 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS AVG
Galley left
London mint
(pellet?)QL
RIC 55
The coin exhibits a raised mark to the left of the Q, a pellet perhaps?
1 commentsmauseus
Valerian_II_RIC_20.jpg
6.5 Valerian II11 viewsVALERIAN II
AR Antoninianus, Rome Mint
254-255 AD

P C L VALERIANVS NOB CAES, Radiate draped bust r. / PIETAS AVGG, Sacrificial implements, including, lituus, knife, fluted jug turned left, simpulum and aspergillum

RIC V-1, 20; Cohen 56
Sosius
Constantine_RIC_131a.jpg
65 Constantine I21 viewsCONSTANTINE I
AE Follis, Ticinum Mint, 312/3 AD

O: CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust r.

R: SOLI INVI-C-TO COMITI, Sol st. r., looking left holding globe, P star T in ex.

RIC VI Ticinum 131a(var.)
Note: Mintmark of P star T is not recorded in RIC. RIC lists as PT.

Former cufflink coin

EF
Sosius
Constantine_RIC_VII_Siscia_120.jpg
65 Constantine I28 viewsCONSTANTINE I
AE Follis, Siscia Mint
Struck 320 AD

O: CONST-ANTINVS AVG, Helmeted cuirassed bust r.

R: VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captives seated to r. and l. below, S in l. field, F/HL in r. field, BSIS* in ex.

RIC VII Siscia 120 (R3), VF, earthen highlights
Sosius
Maxentius_RIC_202a_or_212.jpg
7 Maxentius35 viewsMAXENTIUS
AE Follis, Rome Mint, 308-310 AD
IM[P C] MAXENTIUS PF AVG, Laureate bust right / CONSERV-VRB SVAE, Roma seated facing, head left, holding globe and scepter, shield at side, in hexastyle temple, with victories in acrotera and wreath in pediment. H in left field. Mintmark R T
RIC 202a, third workshop

Thanks to FORVM members stinats and quadrans for helping attributing this coin!
3 commentsSosius
Maxentius_Ostia_RIC_45-sm2.jpg
7 Maxentius19 viewsMaxentius. A.D. 306-312. Æ Follis (24.5 mm, 5.69 g, 6 h). Ostia, A.D. 309-312. IMP C MAXENTIVS PF AVG, laureate head right / FIDES MILITVM AVG N, Fides standing left, holding standard in each hand: MOSTS in exergue. RIC 45. Good VF, brown patina.
Ex Agora Auctions - Nov 2013
Sosius
Saloninus_RIC_9.jpg
7.5 Saloninus24 viewsSALONINUS
AR Antoninianus. Colonia Agrippenensium mint.
SALON VALERIANVS CAES, radiate draped bust right / PIETAS AVG, sacrificial implements.
RIC 9, RSC 4, Sear'88 #3080
Sosius
2550340.jpg
70.5 Hanniballianus12 viewsROMAN IMPERIAL
Hanniballianus
Rex Regum, AD 335-337. Æ Follis (15mm, 1.73 g, 12h). Const. mint, 6th officina. Struck AD 336-337.

O: Bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
R: Euphrates reclining right, leaning upon scepter; reed behind, overturned urn below, CONSς.

RIC VII 147; LRBC 1036. Good Fine, dark green patina with some earthen deposits.

Ex CNG
Sosius
Constantine_II_J_Q_Adams_-_RIC_VII_Trier_539.jpg
71 Constantine II Ex John Quincy Adams Collection25 viewsAE Follis, Trier Mint

RIC VII Trier 539, Sear (2014) 17314


Ex John Quincy Adams Collection, 6th President of the United States, and His Descendants, ex Massachusetts Historical Society Collection, ex Stack’s Sale, 5-6 March 1971, Lot # 948
Bought by Christian Blom, then sold to Smithsonian Institution underwater archaeologist Mendel Peterson, then to D.C. coin dealer Gene Brandenburg, then to me.
Sosius
Constantius_II_RIC_60.jpg
73 Constantius II 11 viewsConstantius II. As Caesar, A.D. 324-337. AE 3 (17.98 mm, 2.16 g, 5 h). Arles, A.D. 324-325. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left / CONSTAN/TIVS/ CAESAR, in three lines; star above; SMANTA/• below. RIC 60; LRBC 1327. VF, red highlights. Ex Agora Auctions 74Sosius
Carinus_RIC_157c.jpg
8 Carinus40 viewsCARINUS
BI Antoninianus. Rome mint, 282 AD
M AVR CARINVS NOB C, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust r. / PIETAS AVGG, sacrificial implements (sprinkler, simpulum, jug, patera, knife and lituus), KAZ in ex.
RIC 157c. gVF. Ex Othilla Coins
Sosius
Licinius_JQ_Adams_RIC_VI_Thessalonica_59.jpg
8 Licinius42 viewsAE Follis, Thessalonica Mint, 312-313 AD

RIC VI Thessalonica 59


Ex John Quincy Adams Collection, 6th President of the United States, and His Descendants, ex Massachusetts Historical Society Collection, ex Stack’s Sale, 5-6 March 1971, Lot # 944
Bought by Christian Blom, then sold to Smithsonian Institution underwater archaeologist Mendel Peterson, then to D.C. coin dealer Gene Brandenburg, then to me.
1 commentsSosius
Licinius_RIC_Thess_33.jpg
8 Licinius31 viewsLICINIUS I
Silvered Follis, Thessalonica mint, 318-319 AD

O: LICI-NIVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust r.
R: VOT XX / MVLT / dot XXX dot / TS dot A dot in four lines within wreath.

RIC VII Thessalonica 33, VF, silvered, scarce.
Sosius
Magnia_Urbica_Ant_RIC_V_347_-_sm.jpg
8.5 Magnia Urbica43 viewsMagnia Urbica. Augusta, AD 283-285. Antoninianus (21mm, 2.17 g, 12h). Ticinum mint. 5th emission, August AD 283. Diademed and draped bust right, set on crescent / Venus standing left, holding helmet and scepter; shield at side; SXXIT. RIC V 347; Pink VI/2 p. 29. Good VF, green patina with partial silvering, earthen highlights.2 commentsSosius
Val_II_RIC_IX_Cyzicus_21b.jpg
81 Valentinian II26 viewsVALENTINIAN II
AE4, Cyzicus Mint

O: DN VALENTINIANVS PF AVG, bust r.

R: VOT / X / MVLT / XX, SMKBin ex.

RIC IX Cyzicus 21b. Sear (2014) 20376. VF+, earthen highlights
1 commentsSosius
Theodosius_AE4_RIC_IX_Siscia_39b.jpg
82 Theodosius I41 viewsAE4, Siscia Mint
Bust right / Victory advancing left; mintmark BSIS
VF with earthen highlights
RIC IX Siscia 39b. Sear (2014) 20570.
1 commentsSosius
Jannaeus_Pendant_1.jpg
Alexander Jannaeus Prutah Pendant32 viewsOBV:BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOΥ (of King Alexander),
around anchor
REV:star made of eight pellets surrounded by diadem
and possible inscription
Hendin 470, Meshorer TJC J11, Jerusalem mint
103 - 76 B.C.
Set in Silver Pendant
goldenancients
aeJ_copy.jpg
Antiochos IX, Kyzikenos28 viewsAE 20, Antiochos IX, Kyzikenos, ca. 113-95 BC. Obv: Winged bust of Eros facing right. Rev: Nike holding wreath, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΞΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΥ. Dark brown patina with red earthen highlights, VF. SG 7173.Molinari
aeI_copy.jpg
Antiochos IX, Kyzikenos31 viewsAE 20, Antiochos IX, Kyzikenos, ca. 113-95 BC. Obv: Winged bust of Eros facing right. Rev: Nike holding wreath, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΞΕΩΝ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΡΟΣ, Seleukid era date 111/0 (Beta Sigma) to left. Near black patina with stunning earthen highlights, aEF SG 7173, SC 2388, Hoover HGC 9, 1254 (C-S).Molinari
AUGUSTUS_Cistophorus_Pergamum.JPG
AUGUSTUS. AR Cistophorus (3 denarii) of Pergamum. Struck c.19 - 18 B.C.604 viewsObverse: IMP IX TR PO V. Bare head of Augustus facing right.
Reverse: Triumphal arch surmounted by Augustus in facing triumphal quadriga; IMP IX TR POT V on architrave; S P R SIGNIS RECEPTIS in three lines within arch opening, standards at either side.
RIC I : 510 | BMC : 703 | RSC : 298.

This coin commemorates Augustus' triumphant agreement with the Parthians in 20 B.C. under which they returned the legionary standards captured from Crassus who was defeated and killed at Carrhae thirty-three years earlier (53 B.C.) Augustus installed these standards in the Temple of Mars Ultor.
The reverse of the coin shows the triumphal arch which was awarded to Augustus on the occasion of his recovery of the standards. This was the second triumphal arch awarded to Augustus and, like the earlier arch which had been constructed in 29 BC to honour his victory over Cleopatra, this second arch, which archaeological evidence suggests may actually have incorporated the first arch, stood in close proximity to the Temple of Divus Julius at the southern entrance to the Roman Forum.

This is the rarest cistophorus struck during the reign of Augustus with the exception of the exceedingly rare issues featuring a sphinx.
6 commentsdivvsavgvstvs
Baktria.jpg
Baktria22 viewsAlexander the Great's empire split into rival Hellenistic kingdoms ruled by his generals. The most far-flung part was Baktria, his conquests in what is today Afghanistan, western India and Pakistan. Greek settlers ruled over a much larger indigenous population. As centuries went by, this isolated outpost of Greek culture combined elements of both Greek and native traditions, oftentimes reflected in their bilingual coins. The main mints include Aï Khanoum, Bactra, and Pushkalavati.2 commentsChristian T
Baktria,_Diodotos_I,_AR_tetradrachm_-_Holt_A6_4_(this_coin)~0.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Diodotos I, ca. 255/250-240 BC, AR Tetradrachm 25 viewsDiademed head of Diodotos I right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY Zeus advancing left hurling thunderbolt, eagle at feet, ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta, Sampi) monogram in inner left field.

Holt A6.4 (this coin); Kritt A6 (plate 2 A6 this coin); CSE 1294 (this coin); SNG Lockett 3109 (this coin ID: SNGuk_0300_3109); Pozzi 2945 (this coin); ESM 717α (this coin); SNG ANS 77; SC 631.a; Bopearachchi 2E; Mitchiner 64d; Qunduz 6; HGC 9, 243.
Mint "A" - Ai Khanoum

(26 mm, 15.73 g, 6h).
Herakles Numismatics; ex- Houghton Collection (CSE 1294); ex- Lockett Collection (SNGLockett 3109); ex- Pozzi Collection: Naville Sale I (1921) 2945 (sold for CHF 35).

This coin has a very distinguished provenance and has been published as plate coin in four reference works.

The emission with the ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta Sampi) mint control mark is the most abundant of the Diodotid issues, representing about 13% of known Diodotid precious metal coins. The same control carries over into the early coinage of Euthydemos, although eventually displaced by the PK control monogram after 208/6 BC when Antiochos III captured Ai Khanoum while Euthydemos remained besieged at Baktra, after which it appears that Baktra/Balkh assumed the role of primary royal mint in Baktria. In is notable that the Archaic Greek letter Sampi forms the bottom of the ΙΔΤ monogram. It is an Archaic Greek form of a double Sigma that persisted in Greek dialects of Asia Minor. Many Greek settlers from Asia Minor migrated to Baktria, including the illustrious ruler Euthydemos from Magnesia in either Lydia, or Ionia. The archaic Greek Sampi possibly traveled to Baktria with the earliest Greek settlers from Asia Minor.
n.igma
barbarian.png
Barbarous Imitation of Constantine era coin ,Danubian Celts37 viewsLaureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right. Legend H H H H H H H T
Rev :H H H H H H H H H mint mark T? HII Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield
2 commentsBritanikus
CABAW_Amulet_BCC_L12.jpg
BCC L1224 viewsLead Amulet
Uncertain Date
2nd-5th Century CE?
Lead Amulet with mirror image Greek inscriptions
Obverse: CΑΒΑW (Lord of Hosts)
Rev: ΡΕΦΑΕΛ (Archangel Raphael)
2.3cm. 2.23 gm. Axis:0
v-drome
20110425-205933.jpg
Bohemond III, Majority, (1163-1201 CE) Billion denier55 viewsObverse: +BOAMVNDVS Helmeted head l., mail compsoed of crescents, star r., crescent l.
Reverse: +AMTIOCNIA cross pattee with crescent pointing downwards in second angle.
Mint: Antioch
Date: 1163-1201 CE
.98 gm 17mm
Malloy 214.65
wileyc
Sear-1889a.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Æ Anonymous Class I Follis, Attributed to Nicephorus III (Sear-1889, DOC I.1-64)30 viewsObv: Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator
Rev: Latin cross with central X and globus and two pellets at the end of each extremity; crescents to upper left and right, floral scroll below
SpongeBob
T1118LG.jpg
C POBLICIUS Q F. 80 BC90 viewsHelmeted bust of Roma right / Hercules strangling the Nemean lion; bow and quiver at left; club below. Cr. 380/1.

POBLICIA, a plebian family, but of consular rank. Its cognomen on coins is Malleolus. There are fifteen varieties, all of silver, on some of which a small hammer or mallett is engraved, evidently alluding to the surname Malleolus.

The first of Heracles' twelve labours, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin) was to slay the Nemean lion.

According to one version of the myth, the Nemean lion took women as hostages to its lair in a cave near Nemea, luring warriors from nearby towns to save the damsel in distress. After entering the cave, the warrior would see the woman (usually feigning injury) and rush to her side. Once he was close, the woman would turn into a lion and kill the warrior, devouring his remains and giving the bones to Hades.

Heracles wandered the area until he came to the town of Cleonae. There he met a boy who said that if Heracles slew the Nemean lion and returned alive within 30 days, the town would sacrifice a lion to Zeus; but if he did not return within 30 days or he died, the boy would sacrifice himself to Zeus.[3] Another version claims that he met Molorchos, a shepherd who had lost his son to the lion, saying that if he came back within 30 days, a ram would be sacrificed to Zeus. If he did not return within 30 days, it would be sacrificed to the dead Heracles as a mourning offering.

While searching for the lion, Heracles fetched some arrows to use against it, not knowing that its golden fur was impenetrable; when he found and shot the lion and firing at it with his bow, he discovered the fur's protective property when the arrow bounced harmlessly off the creature's thigh. After some time, Heracles made the lion return to his cave. The cave had two entrances, one of which Heracles blocked; he then entered the other. In those dark and close quarters, Heracles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. Others say that he shot arrows at it, eventually shooting it in the unarmoured mouth.

After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. He then tried sharpening the knife with a stone and even tried with the stone itself. Finally, Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told Heracles to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.

When he returned on the thirtieth day carrying the carcass of the lion on his shoulders, King Eurystheus was amazed and terrified. Eurystheus forbade him ever again to enter the city; in future he was to display the fruits of his labours outside the city gates. Eurystheus warned him that the tasks set for him would become increasingly difficult. He then sent Heracles off to complete his next quest, which was to destroy the Lernaean hydra.

The Nemean lion's coat was impervious to the elements and all but the most powerful weapons. Others say that Heracles' armour was, in fact, the hide of the lion of Cithaeron.
ecoli
Celtic.jpg
Celtic Coinage25 viewsContinental Celts & Tribes of Britannia
Gaul: Northwest Gaul: Aulerci Eburovices, Carnutes, Coriosolites, Redones, Senones, Veneti. Northeast Gaul: Ambiani, Remi, Suessiones (Cricironus), Treveri.
Central Gaul: Aediu, Arverni. Sequani (Turonos & Cantorix). Southern Gaul: Massalia (Marseilles), Tolostates, Volcae-Arecomici. Uncertain: Volcae Tectosages, Leuci, Senones.
Britain: Atrebates & Regni (Verica), Cantii (Amminus), CantuvellauniCorieltauvi (Volisios Dumnocoveros), Cunobelin, Dobunni, Durotriges, Epaticcus, Iceni, Trinovantes, Cantuvellauni & Trinovantes (Addedomaros, Caratacus).
Lower Danube: Geto-Dacians. Middle Danube: Hercuniates. Central Europe: Boii. Danubian Celts are also referred to as being from the Carpathian Region, in which there were various tribes, many unknown.
1 commentsChristian T
vrbs1s.jpg
City Commemorative, RIC VII 187 Thessalonica, AE 324 viewsObverse:VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma wearing imperial cloak. Plume on front of helmet.
Reverse:She-wolf standing left, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus, O on wolf's shoulder, 2 stars above.
Mintmark SMTS epsilon, 16.1 mm., 2.5 g.
Ref: RIC VII Thessalonica 187

Notes: This variation with O on wolf's shoulder
NORMAN K
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CONCORDIA MILITVM, Thessalonica; RIC VIII 16750 viewsConstantius Gallus, Caesar, AE Centenionalis. Thessalonica Mint, 23mm; FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed & cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA MILITVM, Gallus standing facing, head left, holding two labara, each bearing a Chi-Rho; G-//*TSE*. LRBC 1667. Thessalonica. RIC VIII 167.Podiceps
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Constans, RIC VIII 199a Siscia25 viewsConstans, AE 4,
Obverse: DN CONSTANS PF AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor standing facing, head left, holding Phoenix on globe and holding a labarum on galley. Victory sits on helm.
Mintmark episilon SIS (symbol1) in ex. Siscia. 17 mm, 2.0 g.
NORMAN K
conicmg.jpg
Constantine I, RIC 24 Cyzicus19 viewsConstantine I Follis
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, camp-gate sith one door, six rows of blocks and two turrits on top. One star above.
SMKB in ex. Cyzicus mint. 20.2 mm., 2.52 g.
NORMAN K
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Constantine I, RIC VII 90 Heraclea46 viewsRIC VII 90 Constantine I AE3. 326-327 C.E.
Obverse - CONSTANTINVS AVG. diademed head right, ladder shaped diadem with two dots between segments.
Reverse - DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG around VOT dot XXX in wreath, dot SMHA in ex. Heraclea mint
17 mm diam., 3.6 g.
NORMAN K
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Constantine II, AE3, Thessalonica, RIC VII, 157, 326-328 CE27 views

Constantine II, AE3, 326-328, Thessalonica, Officina 4
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
Reverse: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS, Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMTSD in exergue
19.5mm, 2.7g
RIC VII, 157 nearly full silvering
NORMAN K
con199s.jpg
Constantine II, RIC VII 199 Thessalonica25 viewsConstantine II, AE follis, 18.6 mm, 1.8 g. Thessalonica.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing, heads facing each other with two standards between them and each holds a spear and hand resting on a shield.
Mintmark SMTSB Thessalonica. 337-340 CE.
NORMAN K
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Constantine II, RIC VII, 128 Thessalonica16 views
Constantine II, AE3, 324, Thessalonica, Officina 2
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
Reverse: CAESARVM NOSTRORVM , Legend surrounding laurel wreath terminating in large jewel enclosing VOT / . / X
TSBVI in exergue Thessalonica
NORMAN K
conus99a.jpg
Constantius II, RIC VIII 102 Thessalonica, 347-348 CE20 viewsObverse: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Laureate and Rosette-Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: VICTORIAE DD AVGG Q NN, two Victories standing facing each other, each holding wreath and palm.Palm branch upright in center.
Exe: SMTS epsilon. 16.6 mm., 1.0 g.
RIC VIII Thessalonica 102, rated scarce.
NORMAN K
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County of Tripoli, Bohemond V, 1233 - 1251 Billon denier 70 viewsCounty of Tripoli, Bohemond V, 1233 - 1251 Billon denier
R : + CIVITAS TRIPOL, eight pointed star, annulets between the rays
O : + BAMVND' COMS, cross pattée, three pellets in upper right quarter
CCS 19
Vladislavs D
crcg.jpg
Crispus RIC VII 69 Thessalonica, 319 CE30 viewsObverse: IVL CRIS-PVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VIRT EXERC, Sol raising right hand and holding globe in left, standing in center of plan of roman camp.
TS dot E dot in ex. Thessalonica mint
19.53mm., 2.2g. rare
The true meaning of this reverse type has never been fully deciphered. The latest theory being the X shaped pattern represents Constantine's vision before the battle of Milvainbridge. This does not seem likely since the type is known on coins of Licinius a pagan and Constantine's enemy
sold 4-2018

NORMAN K
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Demetrios II, Nikator31 viewsDemetrios II. AE 13, Obv: Eagle standing right with wings open. Rev: Winged thunderbolt, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ ΘΕΟΥ ΝΙΚΑΤΟΡ. Black patina with earthen highlights, aEF. SNG Spaer 2196, Hoover HGC 9, 1139 (R1-2).Molinari
diocletian21.jpg
Diocletian RIC 21a, Thessalonica, 300-301 CE.22 viewsDiocletian AE Follis
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: GENIO POPV LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys opver left shoulder, holding patera from which liquid flows and cornucopia.
Mintmark dot TSB dot Thessalonica, 29 mm., 6.9 g.
NORMAN K
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EAGLE, Elagabalus AE 25mm of Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior.269 viewsElagabalus Æ 25mm of Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior. Magistrate Novius Rufus. AVT M AVPH ANTWNEINOC, laureate head right / VP NOBIOV POVFOU NIKOPOLITWN PROCI-CT-PO-N, eagle standing facing, wings open, head left with wreath in its beak. Pick 1992. Moushmov 1433 Antonio Protti
sia_067.JPG
EAGLE, GORDIAN & TRANQUILLINA. ANCHIALUS. AE 26. Eagle. 73 views GORDIAN & TRANQUILLINA. ANCHIALUS. AE 26. Eagle. Choice
ROMAN PROVINCES - THRACE, ANCHIALUS
GORDIAN III, Emperor, AD 238-244
GORDIAN III & TRANQUILLINA
AE27 (Copper, 13.02 grams, 26.50 mm).
Obverse: Greek legend: AVT K M AN GORDIANOC CAV CAB / TPANKVLLI/NA Their two draped busts confronted.
Reverse: Greek legend: OVLPIANWN ANXIALEVN Eagle standing facing on thunderbolt with open wings, head right, holding wreath in its beak. Reference: Sear GIC -, BMC # 21 page 86.

6500
2 commentsAntonio Protti
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Gordian III & Tranquillina, Anchialus, Thrace.36 viewsGORDIAN III & TRANQUILLINA: A.D. 238-244. AE 26
SNGC.447
Thrace: Anchialus
Obv: Busts of Gordian III and Tranquillina face to face / Rev: Athena standing l, holding spear, shield at her side.

ecoli
Gordian-III-RIC-177-87.jpg
Gordian III / RIC 177 over 187, 1'st series.31 viewsAntoninianus, 238-239 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG / Radiate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: AEQVIT LIBER / Body and feet of Aequitas holding scales; Body and feet of Libertas holding pileus (Liberty cap) .
5.00 gm, 22 mm.
RIC #177 over #187.

This coin has two different reverses: the Aequitas type (RIC #177) is overstruck at 180 degree rotation on top of the Libertas type (RIC #187). Or, perhaps it is the other way around: The Libertas type (RIC #187) is overstruck on top of the Aequitas type (RIC #177).

The T of AEQVITAS AVG is almost flattened out and is just barely visible. At Antioch, Libertas with the pileus always has the legend LIBERALITAS AVG rather than LIBERTAS AVG.

There is a footnote to RIC #231 (vol. IV, part III, p. 39) which is quite intriguing:

"231. A strange Antoninianus (G. B. Pears Coll.) shows rev. type of AEQVIT[AS] apparently overstruck with type of LIBER[TAS] -- obv. of Gordian III, rev. of Philip overstruck with rev. of Trebonianus Gallus (?)."

I posted this coin on Forvmancientcoins.com and got this reply from Curtis Clay:

"A neat example of this error, and one I hadn't been aware of before, despite its mention in the RIC footnote!
As you expected, you now own the coin formerly in the Pears collection: we know because there is a plaster cast of it so labeled in the BM, which is illustrated in Roger Bland's dissertation, pl. 10, 18/21 !
One of the reverse types is Libertas with cap, but its legend must have been LIBERALITAS not LIBERTAS AVG: the Eastern mint always mislabeled its Libertas type as Liberalitas. RIC made the same mistake regarding the reverse legend; corrected by Bland, who lists the coin under the type LIBERALITAS AVG.
I had never heard of G. B. Pears or his collection before, so can supply no information in that regard."
Callimachus
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Huszár 547, Pohl 89-7, Unger 432h, Réthy II 89A41 viewsLouis I (Lajos I, in Hun.) (1342-1382). AR denar, .49 g., 13.94 mm. max., .28 gr., 90°

Obv: + [MO]nETA LODOVICI, Saracen head left, pellets flanking.

Rev: + REGIS hVnGARIE, Patriarchal cross with random pellets.

The type was struck 1373-1382 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger, although Huszár later wrote that the Saracen-head coinage incepted in 1372). This privy mark was struck at Pécs by one of the Saracenus brothers, probably by Johannes, who took over the mint after the death of Jacobus (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.

The Saracen's head is a pun on the surname of Jacobus Saracenus (Szerechen, in Hun.) and his brother, Johannes, courtiers of Italian descent who were ennobled by Louis. The image of a Saracen's head appeared on their coat of arms. Jacobus became the kammergraf at the Pécs mint in 1352, and the Comes Camerarum Regalium in 1369. He died in the early 1370s, at which time Johannes succeeded him as kammergraf.
Stkp
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INDIA-Panchala-Kingdom-HALF-Karshapana-INDIRAMITRA-RARE-COIN-4-42gm 15 viewsObverse Lord Indra standing on a pedestal
Reverse Three Panchala symbols in a row, with name below in Brahmi script: Indramitrasa
Date c. 1st century BCE - 1st century CE (highly uncertain)
Weight 4.78 gm.
Diameter 16 mm.
Die axis 5 o'clock
Reference MAC 4539, Shrimali Type A
Comments The Panchala series is one of the most interesting of the ancient India coin series, because it is quite long and the kings are named on them. Unfortunately, we know very little about the chronology. The order of kings is not known and even the dates of the series are still debated. It appears the series belongs in the post-Mauryan period, but further details are still unavailable.

You can see a catalog of Panchala coins on the CoinIndia website.
Antonivs Protti
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INDIA-Panchala-Kingdom-HALF-Karshapana-INDIRAMITRA-RARE-COIN-4-6gm 13 viewsObverse Lord Indra standing on a pedestal
Reverse Three Panchala symbols in a row, with name below in Brahmi script: Indramitrasa
Date c. 1st century BCE - 1st century CE (highly uncertain)
Weight 4.78 gm.
Diameter 16 mm.
Die axis 5 o'clock
Reference MAC 4539, Shrimali Type A
Comments The Panchala series is one of the most interesting of the ancient India coin series, because it is quite long and the kings are named on them. Unfortunately, we know very little about the chronology. The order of kings is not known and even the dates of the series are still debated. It appears the series belongs in the post-Mauryan period, but further details are still unavailable.

You can see a catalog of Panchala coins on the CoinIndia website.
Antonivs Protti
Italy- Pompeii- The Basilaca.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- The Basilaca315 viewsBASILICA
Forum of Pompeii c. 120 B.C. These more massive columns are from the basilica, the most important public building in Pompeii. Constructed prior to the Roman period, the basilica had three aisles and five entrance doors onto the forum. In the rear we see a two-tiered colonnade which has columns in the Doric style on the bottom and slender Ionic columns on top of a cross beam. In Pompeii many columns were made of brick and covered with stucco.

BASILICA (VIII,1,1)
Built in the second half of the 2nd cent. BC, as part of the plan to create monuments throughout the city. It has a rectangular layout, with three naves, with a ceiling sloping straight down in both directions from the central columns and half columns at the top of the walls, where there are still remains of decorations in ‘first style’: at the back is the tribunal, where the magistrates sat, reached by a wooden staircase. The building was dedicated to administering justice and for business negotiations.




John Schou
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Julian II, RIC VIII 210 Thessalonica25 viewsJulian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Bronze AE 2
Obverse: DN FL CL IVLIANVS PF AVG, pearl diademed and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
Reverse: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines within wreath.
SMTS in ex. Thessalonica mint, 20.6 mm, 3.0 g.
NORMAN K
Macedonian_Kingdom,_Alexander_III_The_Great,_AR_teradrachm_Amphipolis_Mint~0.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Alexander III the Great, 336-323 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Amphipolis Mint under Antipater89 viewsHead of Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress.
AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; janiform head vase in left field. Graffiti in upper left field - Aramaic kaph (k) and sadhe (s).

Price 6; Troxell, Studies, Issue A3; SNG Cop 660; Muller 853.
Struck at Amphipolis in the period 332-329 BC.

(29 mm, 17.15 g, 2h)

This is one of the first emissions of Alexander’s coinage struck in his homeland, albeit about three years after he departed for Asia Minor. Recent scholarship places the start of Alexander’s distinctive coinage in 333/2 BC at Tarsos, in eastern Asia Minor, shortly after which the design was transferred to Macedonia where Alexander’s coinage was struck under the authority of his regent in Greece, Antipater. Die studies indicate that this coin was from the fourth tetradrachm emission of a mint in Macedonia, most probably Amphipolis. It was most probably struck in the period 332-329 BC. The Aramaic graffiti on the reverse, plus the obverse reverse rim test cut are pointers to the likelihood that this coin travelled beyond its location of issue in Macedonia, into the eastern Mediterranean where Aramaic was the main spoken language.
3 commentsn.igma
19700.jpg
Kroisos, Lydia22 viewsLydian Kingdom. Kroisos. Ca. 564/53-550/39 B.C. AR 1/12 stater (7 mm, 0.80 g). Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion, on left, and bull, in right / Incuse square punch. Berk 26-7; SNG Kayhan 1020-1; Traité I 413. VF, toned.ecoli
lic30b.jpg
LICINIUS I AE follis, Thessalonica, 308-324 CE.24 viewsObverse: VAL dot LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right
Reverse: GENIO A-VGVSTI, Genius standing leftholding cornucopia and pouring from a patera, Star left, B right.
mintmark dot SM dot TS dot. Thessalonica. 25.7 mm, 5.4 g. RIC VI 30b,B Type 2
NORMAN K
FC2.jpg
LYDIA, Philadelphia. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. Æ (17mm, 3.83 g, 12h). Epikrates, magistrate. Bare head of Caligula right / Jugate laureate busts of the Dioscuri right.20 viewsJoe Geranio Collection- LYDIA, Philadelphia. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. Æ (17mm, 3.83 g, 12h). Epikrates, magistrate. Bare head of Caligula right / Jugate laureate busts of the Dioscuri right. RPC I 3022. Anyone May Use as Long as Credit is Given.Joe Geranio
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Macedon9 viewsCoins of the ancient Greek cities and Kings of Macedon, and some celtic imitations thereof. Includes the Hellenistic kings of Macedon and Roman successors. Principal mints: Akanthos, Amphipolis and Pella. 1 commentsAnaximander
ISL_MAMLUKS_Balog_910_Tumanbay_II.jpg
Mamluks (Bahri). `Ali II (al-Mansur `Ala al-Din Ali) (778-783 A.H. = 1377-1381 A.D.)13 viewsBalog 509 Plate XX 509a-b; SNAT Hamah 632-634; Album 963

AE fals, Hamah mint, undated; 1.63 g., 18.50 mm. max.

Obv.: Field divided by two horizontal lines of dots. الملك المنصور (al-Malik al-Manusr) / tentatively ضرب طرابلس (duriba Tripoli per Balog but Hamah mint per SNAT)

Rev. Six-petaled flower, resembling a lotus, petals forming a counter-clockwise whorl.

Ali was the son of Sha'ban II and the great-grandson of Muhammad I. He was installed as sultan at age nine upon the death of his father in a revolt. He died four years later.

Attribution courtesy of Mervin.
Stkp
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Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196416 viewsObverse: The Virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphrium, she holds nimbate head of the infant Christ facing; to l. MP to r. Theta V.
Reverse: MANUHA AECIIOTHC or similar, Manuel stg. facing wearing crown, divitision and chlamys and holding labarum (one dots= on shaft) and globus surmounted by patriarchal cross.
Mint: Constantinople Third metropolitan coinage Variation B
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1964 DO 15.5-10
18mm 1.65 gm
wileyc
sear1966clipped.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196666 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.


During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Antvwala
wileyc
otse.jpg
Marcia Otacilla Severa, Empress of Rome 244-249 CE35 viewsMarcia Otacilla Severa, wife of Philip the Arab
Otacilia Severa AE30 of Antioch, Syria.
Obverse: MAP WTAKIL CEOVHPAN CEB, diademed & draped bust right on crescent.
Reverse: ANTIOCEWN MHTRO KOLWN D-e S-C, turreted & draped bust of Tyche right, ram leaping right above. BMC 543. 28 mm, 12.77 g
1 commentsNORMAN K
maxmem.jpg
Maximianus, AE4 Memorial 22 views
Maximianus 317-318 CE.
Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO OPTIMO IMP, veiled & laureate, bust right.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIM-ORVM MERITORVM, Emperor sitting left on curule chair, raising right hand, holding scepter.
TSR ??? in ex. Uncertain mint, 16.4 mm., .8 g.
NORMAN K
3420493.jpg
P. Clodius M.f. Turrinus32 viewsMoneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. P. Clodius M.f. Turrinus. 42 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.89 g, 1h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Apollo right; lyre behind / Diana Lucifera standing right, bow and quiver on her shoulder, holding torch in each hand. Crawford 494/23; CRI 184; Sydenham 1117; Claudia 15. Good VF, toned, a few minor scratches beneath the toning.

From the RAJ Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 914993 (2012 NYINC); Sincona 4 (25 October 2011), lots 4160 or 4161 (part of), includes ticket from a French Collectio
1 commentsecoli
philipI1s.jpg
Philip II, Alexandria, Billion Tetredrachm20 viewsRoman Empire, Philip II, 247-249
Billion.-Tetradrachm year 5 = 247, Egypt, city of Alexandria.
Obverse: AKM IOV FILIPPOC EVC, bust right
Reverse:. Homonoia with double cornucopia, LE in left field=year 5.
24mm, 13.2 g., Datt. 5057, BMC 16.267.2059
sold 1-2018

Billion is an alloy of precious metal, mostly silver, with a mixture or base metal such as copper. Many Roman coins from the 2nd and 3rd century are made of billion because of debasements of the denarius and the tetradrachm.
NORMAN K
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Phoenicia, Akko-Ptolemais Valerian I. 253-260 AD. AE 2663 viewsValerian I. 253-260 AD. AE 26 . Phoenicia, Akko-Ptolemais.
Obv: IMP C P L - [VALERIANVS] AVG Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
Rx: COL - P - T - OL Sacred tree between serpents rising from two altars or baskets; to right, winged caduceus. Rare: this type missing in BM, Lindgren, Berk photofile, and Wildwinds. CoinArchives includes a specimen from the same reverse die, but with radiate portrait on obverse: Heritage 357, Long Beach, 9 September 2004, lot 12092. Cohen 374 (de Saulcy Collection). Adjustment marks on obverse.
1 commentsMaritima
phraatesIV.jpg
Phraates IV (38 -2 BC) AR Tetradrachm 286 SE /26 BC49 viewsObv: Phraates diademed and cuirassed bust left with long pointed beard - no royal wart on forehead.
Rev: The king enthroned r. being presented with a palm branch by Tyche, standing l. before him holding cornucopiae with pellet above arm. Seleucid date 286 (C Pi Sigma) above palm. Greek inscription in 7 lines BASILEOS/BASILEON; on r. ARSAKOY/EUERGETOY' below [DIKAOY]; on l. EPIPHANOUS/PHILELLANOS; month off flan below
Wt 14.1 gm, 26.3 mm, Sellwood type 55

The coin could be that of Tiridates I who also ruled for a few months in 26 BC. The features of the king on this coin are much closer to that of Phraates than of much rarer Tiridates I according to a reclassification of Sellwood types by deCallatay and this is the most believable. The lower lines of the inscription would also settle the issue but are lost on this coin.
Early coins of the Parthian empire showed strong Greek empahasis on classical Greek forms and humanism which is gradually lost as the empire matured and finally decayed. The coins become schematic and emphasize suface ornament rather than sculptural quality. One senses from the portrait of Phraates that brutality was a prerequisite for Parthian kings who routinely bumped off fathers and brothers in their rise to power. Like the Spartans, they had a powerful empire in their time but its contribution to civilization was limited in the long term.
1 commentsdaverino
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Plautilla, overview295 viewsThere are five main types of portrait for Plautilla’s denarii at the Rome mint :

A - With a draped bust right, hair coiled in horizontal ridges and fastened in bun in high position. Her facial expression is juvenile
B - Hair being coiled in vertical ridges, with bun in low position. Plautilla looks here more like a young beautiful woman
C - The third bust shows a thinner face of Plautilla with hair in vertical ridges and no bun but braids covering her neck
D - The fourth type has a similar appearance with the former, but the vertical ridges disappear, hair being plastered down, still showing the right ear
E - Plautilla appears with mid long hair plastered down and covering her ears

In the mean time there are seven different reverses :

1 - CONCORDIAE AETERNAE
2 - PROPAGO IMPERI
3 - CONCORDIA AVGG
4 - CONCORDIA FELIX
5 - PIETAS AVGG
6 – DIANA LVCIFERA

Not every combination exists, but some of the above reverses can be shared by several obverse portraits. Noticeable also is an evolution of the obverse legend, being PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE (a) in 202, and becoming PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA (b) soon after

You can see the evolution of this interesting coinage in my Plautilla's gallery.
3 commentsPotator II
prrm.jpg
Probus RIC 925 Antioch28 viewsProbus RIC 925
Obverse: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate, cuirassed and draped bust right.
Revertse: RESTSTVT O RBIS, woman standing right, presenting wreath to emperor who is standing left, holding globe and scepter.
H in lower center field. XXI in ex. Antioch mint
21.6 mm., 3.8 g.
NORMAN K
cdb1.jpg
Probus, Egypt, Alexandria BI tetradrachm84 viewsEgypt, Alexandria. Probus. A.D. 276-282. BI tetradrachm (20.8 mm, 8.07 g)
Dated RY 3 = A.D. 277/8.
Obverse: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CEB, laureate and draped bust right
Reverse: L-Γ,( year 3) eagle standing facing, head right, with wreath in its beak. Milne 4566; Curtis 1867; Emmett 3985.
1 commentsNORMAN K
Ptolmaic_Egypt_.jpg
Ptolemaic Kingdom13 viewsHellenistic coinage of the Ptolemies, after Alexander the Great. Principal mints include Alexandria in Egypt, Paphos and Sidon in Cyprus, and Sidon and Tyre in Phoenicia. 1 commentsAnaximander
KAFFA_PUL_cm.jpg
Pul with Kaffa c/m5 views
CRIMEA, GOLDEN HORDE, (with Genoese countermark)

Anonymous AE - Pul

Obverse: uncertain Ornament, Kaffa Genoese trading colony; Circular countermark arms of Genoa with partitioned portal, within circular frame of dots.

Reverse: uncertain Ornament

Mint: Uncertain (Bulghar?)

Minted: 14th Century (?) cm - 1420 - 1475

Notes: Fair/Fair(c/m a/VF), Crude

Ref: Retowski, Coins with Genoese Countermarks 2


jimbomar
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Q. Sicinius11 viewsMoneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. Q. Sicinius. Early 49 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.89 g, 4h). Rome mint. Diademed head of Fortuna Populi Romani right / Palm frond with fillet and winged caduceus in saltire; wreath above. Crawford 440/1; CRI 1; Sydenham 938; Sicinia 5. Near VF, toned, some iridescence, banker’s marks and a couple scratches under tone on obverse, traces of deposits, a few minor marks on reverse.

Ex CNG
1 commentsecoli
Radiato_imitativo_britannico.jpg
Radiato imitativo britannico (270-273 AD)33 viewsAE, 2.45 gr, 18.56 mm, VF
Zecca non ufficiale britannica (o gallica), sul D/ verosimilmente Vittorino o Tetrico I
D/ legenda di fantasia, testa radiata a dx
R/ legenda di fantasia, divinità sacrifica su un altare appoggiata su uno scudo (o ruota). Compatibile con una FORTVNA REDUX con ruota e timone
Provenienza: ex Marc Breitsprecher collection, Grand Marais Minnesota Usa (da lui acquistata a Embankment station coin fair, London), via vAuctions 290 lot 462, 8 novembre 2012
paolo
santo_domingo.jpg
Santo Domingo 4 Maravedis 1542-155622 views Obv. Two crowned pillars, S on left, P on right
Rev. Stylized Y, assayer mark F on left, IIII on right


First copper coin for the Americas and first copper type minted in the New world. After a small shipment of these stuck in Burgos did not satisfy the need for its denomination type they were then minted in Santo Domingo of the New World.
Skyler
Sicily_Gallery_h.jpg
Sicily25 viewsGreek colonies dotted the island of Sicily from about the mid-8th C. BC onward, sometimes conflicting with the native tribes (Sikels to the east, Sikanians in central Sicily, and Elymians to the west) and several Phoenician colonies. The largest issuance of coinage by the city-states often came amidst conflict among themselves and later arrivals, the Carthaginians and Romans. While Greek coin types and denominations predominated, the local litra and its fractions of onkiai survived down to the Roman conquest in 212 BC, when local striking withered. Major mints include Akragas, Gela, Himera, Kamarina, Katane, Leontini, Messene, Naxos, Segesta, Selinos, Syracuse, and the siculo-punic mints of Entella and Lilybaion.
3 commentsAnaximander
TOC.gif
Table of Contents16 viewsTable of Contents (TOC) prepared for key numismatic reference works. TOC available for sharing thus far include:
SNG ANS, SNG Berry, SNG Copenhagen, and several volumes in the ANS series Ancient Coins in North American Collections (ACNAC).
Anaximander
valentinianii37.jpg
Valentinian II, AE2, Thessalonica RIC 37b17 viewsObverse: DN VALENTINIANVS PF AVG, diademed, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: REPARATIO REIPVB, Emperor standing front, offering hand to kneeling woman, on left-hand he holds a globe with Victor on top.
SMTS in ex, Thessalonica mint. 23.8mm, 4.3g.
NORMAN K
047n.jpg
Δ in circular punch274 viewsBITHYNIA. Tium. Civic. Æ 24. First half of 3rd century A.D. Obv: .TE-IOC. Diademed and draped bust of Teos right; countermark on neck. Rev: TIAN-ΩN. Dionysus standing facing, head left, emptying contents of cantharus, holding thyrsus. Ref: BMC -; SNG von Aulock 928ff (obverse).Axis: 30°. Weight: 5.72 g. CM: Δ in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 789 (34 pcs). Note: The latest coin bearing this countermark was issued for Hostilian. Collection Automan.Automan
107.jpg
Δ in circular punch219 viewsMACEDON (?). Thessalonica (?). Augustus. Æ 22. 27 B.C.- A.D. 14. Obv: KAIΣAP-(ΣEBAΣTOΣ) or similar. Laureate head right; countermark before chin. Rev: Inscription obliterated. City ethnic in wreath. Weight: 9.25 g. CM: Δ in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 706 (1 pc). Note: Howgego lists only one (!) coin of the period, where the countermark may be a Δ. That coin was struck for Octavian in Thessalonica, dated to 28/27 B.C. It is listed as "not verified" and the countermark described as A or Δ. In regard to [107], the countermark is very clearly Δ! Collection Automan.Automan
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ΔAK237 viewsSyria-Coele, Leucas ad Chrysoroas, Balanea Leucas. Trajan 103 A.D. (Year 55). AE-21 mm, 7.67 grs. AV: AU KAI NER - TRAIANOC, Laur. head to right, within dotted border, Rectangular CM: ΔAK, Howgego 529 (43 pcs). RV: [LEU]KAD[EwN], Emperor with szepter in quadriga to right, in the field: EN (Year 55), within dotted border. Note: The CM (ΔAK) refers to Trajan's title "Dacicus". Interestingly, the title is already present on the coin. It has therefore been suggested by H.Seyrig that its application was a means for raising money for a gift for the emperor. Collection: Mueller.Automan
00073x00.jpg
27 viewsSPAIN, Oducia
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.95 g)
MF/OD within wreath (Municipium Flavium Oducensis)
Blank
Cf. Casariego, Cores, & Pliego 14b

The municipia Flavia were a series of small towns founded as part of Vespasian's reconstruction of Spain. These settlements are notable in that the civic laws are preserved in stone for many of the settlements.
Ardatirion
00011x00.jpg
19 viewsGAUL, Lugdunum (?)
PB Tessera (14mm, 2.13 g)
CPF, palm frond below
Blank
Cf. Turcan 221, 225-6, and others.

Found in Southern Spain.

This struck piece shares its general engraving style and palm frond motif with a number of specimens in the museum of Lyons. Perhaps, considering its Spanish provenance, the type saw circulation along the coast of the western Mediterranean.
Ardatirion
00034x00.jpg
30 viewsROME
PB (?) Tessera (24mm, 5.89 g, 2 h)
· FELICIA, counterclockwise around shield (perhaps a 3rd century oval scutum?)
Bundle of thunderbolts, S C flanking
Unpublished

The metal appears too light for lead and is perhaps pewter or some other alloy. Until the metal content is scientifically analyzed and found to be similar to other ancient objects, I remain unconvinced of it's authenticity.
Ardatirion
00001x00~11.jpg
25 viewsROME. Claudius, with Messalina. AD 41-54
PB Tessera (19mm, 2.16 g, 12h)
TI CLAUDIUS CAESAR
Bare head of Claudius left
MESSALINA
Draped bust of Messalina right
Rostovtsew –

Ex London Ancient Coins 60 (14 February 2017), lot 362
Ardatirion
00005x00~8.jpg
15 viewsROME. Hadrian , AD 117-138
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.02 g, 12h)
HAD/ AVG
PPF
Rostovtsew 66

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00031x00.jpg
25 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.84 g)
Amor standing left, holding an ucnertain object
Wreath
Rostovtsev 2006.1, pl. VIII, 24 = Scholz 368 (this coin, illustrated)

Ex Trau Collection
Ardatirion
00037x00~1.jpg
37 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.49 g, 12h)
Apollo standing facing, holding lyre
Clasped hands within wreath
Rostovtsev -; Scholz 382 (this coin)

Ex Trau Collection
1 commentsArdatirion
00036x00~1.jpg
20 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.72 g, 12h)
Apollo standing left, holding branch, resting left arm on tripod
TCE
Rostovtsev 2035 = Scholz 1784 (this coin)

Ex Trau Collection
Ardatirion
00022x00~1.jpg
30 viewsROME. M. Arrius Vestinus.
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.08 g, 12 h)
Amphora; grain ear to right
M · AR/ VES
Rostovtsev p. 140, note = Ficorini II, pl. XVII, 10

Ex Agora 34 (9 June 2015), lot 149
1 commentsArdatirion
00023x00~1.jpg
32 viewsROME. M. Arrius Vestinus.
PB Tessera (22mm, 5.14 g, 12h)
Victory flying left, holding wreath and palm frond
M · AR/ VES
Rostovtsev 1135 = Kircheriano 527 var. (no horizontal line)

Ex Agora 34 (9 June 2015), lot 148
1 commentsArdatirion
00028x00~1.jpg
14 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 2.73 g, 12h)
Head of a young athlete right; (AV) to left, II to right
Apollo standing left, holding branch, resting left arm on tripod
Rostovtsev 843, pl. VIII, 53 corr. (obv. legend); Rostovtsev & Prou 532; Munich 179-80; Ruggerio 1408; BM 28-31, 33
Ardatirion
00012x00~1.jpg
15 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.24 g, 12h)
Bacchus standing right, holding thrysus; panther to right(?)
AVG
Cf. Rostovtsev 92 (smaller)

The obverse might alternately depict Diana with a stag, but she is not generally shown holding a staff.
Ardatirion
00021x00~2.jpg
15 viewsROME
PB Tessera (23mm, 5.71 g, 12 h)
Basket
Two strigils; N P flanking
Rostovtsev –

Ex Agora 34 (9 June 2015), lot 151
Ardatirion
00003x00~8.jpg
10 viewsROME. "Domitian"
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.14 g)
Figure driving biga right, holding whip in raised hand
DOMI
Rostovtsew 734; Ruggiero 1325-8

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00003x00~4.jpg
27 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.62 g, 12h)
Castor standing left before horse, holding bridle and scepter; C to right Pollux standing right before horse, holding bridle and scepter; P to left
Rostovtsev 2082, pl. IX, 1; Rostovtsev & Prou 370; BM 53

Ex Artcoins Roma 23 (17 February 2015), lot 581
Ardatirion
00055x00.jpg
33 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.37 g, 7 h)
Ceres standing facing, holding long scepter and grain ears
Two applauding spectators seated right on steps; inverted IV (Iuvenes?) below
Rostovtsev 542 = Kircheriano 1131
Ardatirion
00002x00~3.jpg
31 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.23 g, 12h)
Charioteer driving quadriga right, raising whip in right hand
Palm frond; c/m: VI
Rostovtsev 722; Rostovsev & Prou 156; Kircheriano 1169-70; BM 1389-90; Milan 127. Countermark unlisted

Ex Artcoins Roma 23 (17 February 2015), lot 584
Ardatirion
00008x00~4.jpg
11 viewsROME
PB Tessera (14mm, 1.40 g, 12h)
Cornucipia, C H flanking
Aedicula (or lighted altar?); S S flanking
Rostovtsew –

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00035x00~0.jpg
22 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 2.99 g, 12h)
Palm frond and cornucopia
Clasped hands
Rostovtsev -; München 297; Scholz 1126 (this coin)

Ex Trau Collection
Ardatirion
00034x00~1.jpg
20 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 1.82 g, 12h)
DHS
PR PR
Rostovtsev 3443 = Scholz 1715 (this coin)

Ex Trau Collection
Ardatirion
00028x00~0.jpg
21 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 2.38 g, 12h)
Dog standing right
Poppy
Rostovtsev -; Scholz 994 (this coin)

Ex Trau Collection
Ardatirion
00032x00~0.jpg
21 viewsROME. The Two Lucii
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.12 g, 12 h)
DVO
LL
Rostovtsev 1358 = Scholz 1422 (this coin)

Ex Trau Collection
Ardatirion
00053x00.jpg
33 viewsROME. Euhemerus, freedman of Lesbus (?)
PB Tessera (18mm, 2.42 g, 12 h)
EVHE/MERI
LES/B L
Rostovtsev 1444; Rostovtsev & Prou 422m; Turcan 193; Scholz 1436; BM 2228
Ardatirion
00057x00~0.jpg
18 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.22 g, 6 h)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Anchor between two palm fronds
Rostovtsev -
Ardatirion
00052x00.jpg
20 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 5.11 g, 12 h)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Cornucopia
Cf. Rostovtsev 2178 (circular)
Ardatirion
00058x00.jpg
18 viewsROME
PB Tessera (22mm, 5.60 g, 12 h)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Three grain ears; P to left, AB to right
Rostovtsev 402; Rostovtsev & Prou 73; Scholz 241
Ardatirion
00006x00~6.jpg
17 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 1.90 g, 6h)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia, within triangular frame
(HL)E
Rostovtsew –

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)

The token manufacturer accidentally combined a stock obverse intended for a triangular token with a custom reverse for a circular one.
Ardatirion
Kölner_Münzkabinett_Tyll_Kroha_-_5_December_2014_-_lot_406.jpg
32 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 3.56 g, 12 h)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Silvanus standing left, holding scythe and branch
Rostovtsev 2977; München 368; BM 397; Paris 390; Kircheriano 922-4

Ex Kölner Münzkabinett Tyll Kroha 102 (5 December 2014), lot 406
1 commentsArdatirion
00033x00~0.jpg
23 viewsROME
PB Tessera (14mm, 3.58 g, 12h)
Galley
Anchor
Rostovtsev -; Scholz 577 (this coin)

Ex Trau Collection
Ardatirion
00010x00.jpg
19 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 6.62 g, 12h)
Galley
TAP/COC
Rostovtsev, “ΔΩPEA CITOY TAPCΩ,” in NC 1900, p. 103; Rostovtsev –

Despite the Greek legend naming Tarsus, the fabric of this piece confirms that it is from the city of Rome.
Ardatirion
00001x00~10.jpg
9 viewsROME. "Trajan"
PB Tessera (24mm, 6.12 g)
Two figures in galley left
TRA
Rostovtsew 63

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00043x00.jpg
30 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.35 g, 12 h)
Helmeted gladiator standing right, holding clipeus and gladius; CVR to left
Helmeted gladiator standing right, holding clipeus and gladius; M to left
Rostovtsev 528, pl. IV, 38; München 97; BM 175, 1040-6, 1050; Milan 81-2

Rostovtsev interprets the legend as curator muneris, possibly an individual related to the managing of the games, though a curator muneris pecuniae, a magistrate in charge of civic revenues, is recorded in some areas.
Ardatirion
00029x00~1.jpg
19 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.99 g, 12h)
G P R F in circle within wreath
Palm frond
Rostovtsev -; Scholz 1858 (this coin)

Ex Trau Collection
Ardatirion
00011x00~0.jpg
21 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 6.63 g, 12h)
Griffin standing right, raising front paw
LST
Rostovtsev –

Remarkably, Rostovtsev does not record any tesserae with a griffin.
1 commentsArdatirion
00063x00.jpg
21 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 3.76 g)
Diademed female head right
IIII
Rostovtsev 1551; Kircheriano 2043
Ardatirion
00056x00.jpg
20 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 3.99 g, 12 h)
Helmeted and bearded male head left
M/BC
Rostovtsev 1535 var. (bare head)
Ardatirion
00001x00~5.jpg
32 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 5.44 g, 12h)
Head of Hercules right
Club
Rostovtsev 2549.1-9; Rostovsev & Prou 374; BM 103-4; München 473-5; Kircheriano 1035, 1040

Ex Artcoins Roma 23 (17 February 2015), lot 582
Ardatirion
00006x00~2.jpg
14 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 5.35 g, 12h)
Draped bust of Hercules left, wearing lion's skin and holding club over shoulder, with hair and beard in Antonine-Severan style
The Dioscuri standing facing one another, each holding spear and bridle of horse
Rostovtsev 2085; Rostovtsev & Prou 377

Rostovtsev suggests that the obverse may depict Caracalla. This interpretation is somewhat plausible, but unlikely, considering the additional object on the obverse, and the bare head of the figure.
Ardatirion
00030x00~2.jpg
9 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.94 g, 12h)
Hercules standing left, holding club and scyphus
Minerva standing facing, holding spear and shield
Rostovtsev 2502.1; München 450-1 var. (size)
Ardatirion
00007x00~4.jpg
19 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.12 g, 12h)
Homonia standing left, holding cornucopia and raising hand; EPA L above
BRITL/ ALAX; palm frond above
Rostovtsew 237 corr. (legends)

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00004x00~4.jpg
31 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.00 g)
Horse running left; palm below
ЄVC (Eustolos)
Rostovtsev 819; Rostovtsev & Prou 517; Munich 177; BM 1612-3; Kircheriano 1573-6; Toynbee, “Beasts and Their Names in the Roman Empire,” pl. VI, fig 18

Ex Artcoins Roma 23 (17 February 2015), lot 583

The reverse appears to bear the name of the horse, Eustolos, “the Ready.” Toynbee records 417 horse names, far more than any other beast, noting only a few dozen names for dogs, mules, bears, and other animals.
Ardatirion
phallus1.JPG
45 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.92 g, 12 h)
Horse standing right; C above
Erect phallus; A V flanking
Rostovtsev -

Rostovtsev1 gathers into one group all tesserae depicting the phallus, various iterations of the word Amor, and the extremely rare pieces depicting sexual acts. He assumes that these pieces were entrance tickets to the Lupanaria, ancient brothels. This association has caused many scholars to refuse to accept tesserae as currency, as they feel that such crude themes would never have been depicted on currency. Thornton2, however, convincingly argues that, as Mercury is sometimes depicted as a herm, a statuary type consisting of a bust set on a square pedestal adorned with only genitalia, the phallus is in fact an emblem of the god in his guise as a fertility deity.


1. Rostovtzev, Mikhail. 1905. Römische Bleitesserae. Ed. C.F. Lehmann and E Kornemann. Beiträge z. Liepzig: Theodor Weicher.

2. Thornton, M. K. 1980. “The Roman Lead Tesserae : Observations on Two Historical Problems Author.” Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte 29 3: 341-3
1 commentsArdatirion
tessera1.JPG
53 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.06 g, 12 h)
Isis standing left, holding sistrum and situla
IVE/NES
Rostovtsev -


The iuvenes were Roman educational organizations roughly analagous to modern American colleges. Mohler1 argues that, while their athletic program undoubtedly focused on parade and various other activities that relate to war, the group focused equally on education and athletics, rather than as a pseudo-military training program. Inscriptions survive in some theaters and arenas that note reserved seats for iuvenes, leading some to identify these pieces as entrance tickets. I feel they were more likely distributed at the various parades and processions for which the organizations were famous.

The iuvenes tokens are related to those of the sodales, composed of individuals not a part of the organization (younger or older men and women) who still actively supported it.

1. Mohler, S. L. (1937). The Iuvenes and Roman Education. Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Society, 68, 442–479.
Ardatirion
00006x00~3.jpg
11 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 4.04 g)
Juno(?) standing left, holding patera and scepter
CVV/QQQ
Rostovtsew 2586

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00054x00.jpg
36 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 2.90 g, 6h)
Jupiter standing facing, holding thunderbolt and scepter; to left, eagle standing left
SOD
Rostovtsev -

The sodales were composed of individuals either too young or too old to be active members of the iuvenes.
Ardatirion
00027x00~0.jpg
26 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 5.05 g, 12h)
LIC
(MA)(NV)
Rostovtsev -; Scholz 1540 (this coin)

Ex Trau Collection
Ardatirion
00004x00~8.jpg
16 viewsROME
PB Tessera (13mm, 2.40 g)
Lion advancing right
MAL
Rostovtsew 613

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
10260s00.jpg
36 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.97 g, 1h)
Man standing right, holding Victory in outstretched arm; P R (Populus Romanus) flanking
Two Aurae(?) standing facing, raising hands
Rostovtsev 1599

Ex Tom Vossen Collection
Ardatirion
00004x00~10.jpg
19 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.38 g, 12h)
Mars standing left, holding Victory and spear
Fly
Rostovtsew 188

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00060x00~0.jpg
25 viewsROME
PB Tessera
(17mm, 3.32 g, 12 h)
Facing head of Medusa
Corinthian helm right; gladius below; [R to upper right?]
Rostovtsev 1669; München 274; BM 1692
Ardatirion
00064x00~0.jpg
35 viewsROME
PB Tessera (23mm, 5.99 g, 12 h)
Head of Mercury right, wearing petasus
Caduceus
Cf. Rostovtsev 2739 (much smaller)
1 commentsArdatirion
10261s00.jpg
23 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.47 g, 7h)
Mercury standing facing, holding bag and caduceus
Rooster standing right
Rostovtsev 2664.1 = Rostovtsev & Prou 571; cf. Milan 417-21 (smaller size)

Ex Tom Vossen Collection
Ardatirion
00005x00~4.jpg
14 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 6.88 g, 12h)
Meta Sudans
CAL
Rostovtsew 711; Rostovtsew & Prou 152a

Ex London Ancient Coins 60 (14 February 2017), lot 319
Ardatirion
00009x00~2.jpg
15 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.20 g, 6h)
[MAG M]INERVAL[ES M N]
Minerva or Roma standing left, holding globe and spear
Tablet (?); four styluses (?) above and below; N F flanking
Rostovtsew 876

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00007x00~0.jpg
14 viewsROME
PB Tessera (14mm, 3.11 g, 12 h)
Modius
Horse prancing left
Rostovtsev -
Ardatirion
00042x00.jpg
22 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.39 g, 12h)
Mors (Thanatos) standing right, extinguishing torch held in both hands
TER
Rostovtsev -
Ardatirion
00010x00~1.jpg
16 viewsROME
PB Tessera
OCT/AVA
COCC/EIENI
Rostovtsew –
Ardatirion
00003x00~10.jpg
17 viewsROME
PB Tessera (21mm, 3.18 g)
Oyster, with open shell
OSTR/EVM within wreath
Rostovtsew –

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00002x00~7.jpg
10 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 5.72 g)
Palm frond; wreath to left, S to right
Ampulla atop strigil
Rostovtsew 899, pl. X, 23

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00008x00~1.jpg
11 viewsROME
PB Tessera (12mm, 1.38 g)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Phallus
Rostovtsev 914 = BM 1181, 1819-21 var. (Fortuna right); Turcan 434 var. (same)
Ardatirion
00009x00~0.jpg
11 viewsROME
PB Tessera (23mm, 6.90 g, 12h
Rudder
Flaccid male genitals (or leaf?)
Rostovtsev –

The obverse type differs from the phallic imagery sometimes scene on Roman tesserae. This example depicts a flaccid, rather than engorged penis, often conservatively described in numismatics as a "pudenda virilia." The unusual shape of this piece, combined with the differing obverse type, makes me think this may be a fertility amulet.
Ardatirion
00005x00.jpg
24 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.15 g, 12 h)
Togate priest standing left, holding patera
Modius with three grain ears, A C flanking
Rostowzew 1571 var. (size, no modius)

AC may stand for “Antoninus Caesar”, thereby making the togate figure the emperor in the guise of Pontifex Maximus. The presence of a modius also suggests a relation to the annona, implying a reading of “Annona Caesaris.”
Ardatirion
00029x00~2.jpg
13 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 1.42 g, 12h)
Rhinoceros standing right
Damma (fallow-deer or chamois) standing right
Rostovtsev 649, pl. V , 9
Ardatirion
00061x00.jpg
31 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.47 g, 9h)
Roma seated right, holding Victory and spear
G P R F (Genio Populi Romani Feliciter) in circle
Rostovtzev 1576; BM 369

Rostovtsev cites two examples in the British Museum, as well as five more in smaller collections. Thornton could only locate one specimen.
Ardatirion
00030x00~1.jpg
17 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 3.65 g, 12h)
Rudder
TI
Rostovtsev 2444; Scholz 1794 (this coin); München 438

Ex Trau Collection
Ardatirion
10221s00.jpg
25 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.47 g, 7h)
Mercury standing facing, holding bag and caduceus
Rooster standing right
Rostovtsev 2664.1 = Rostovtsev & Prou 571; cf. Milan 417-21 (smaller size)

Ex Tom Vossen Collection
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29 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.54 g, 12h)
Head of Sol right
Head of horse right, flail behind
Rostovtsev 757. fig. 64 = Scholz 619, pl. III (this coin, illustrated); München 166; Milan 134; Kircheriano 1017; BM 413-6

Ex Trau Collection
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8 viewsROME. First Cohort.
PB Tessera (21mm, 4.40 g, 12h)
Soldier (or Mars) standing facing, head left, holding spear and resting shield on ground
C I (Cohors Prima)
Rostovtsev 246 = Rostovtsev & Prou 40d
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31 viewsROME. Durmius Successus
PB Tessera (19mm, 2.74 g)
Three aspects of Hekate
DVR/ SVC
Rostowzew 1210, pl. XI 4 (cast from same mold as illustrated specimen); Turcan 174

Ex Mark Staal Three Graces Collection; Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 232, Lot 515 (part of); purchased from Divus Numismatic, May 2007

Rostowzew places this with the "Tesserae nominibus virorum et mulierum signatae."
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24 viewsROME. L. Volusi Primi
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.65 g)
Three aspects of Hekate
LVOLV/ SIPRIMI
Rostowzew 1345, pl. XI 23 (cast from same mold as illustrated specimen); München 237; Kircheriano 405-8; BM 1349-50

Ex Mark Staal Three Graces Collection; Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 232, Lot 515 (part of); purchased from Mediterranean Coins, April 2004

Rostowzew places this with the "Tesserae nominibus virorum et mulierum signatae."
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8 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 3.66 g)
Trophy
Aeneas standing left, carrying Anchises and palladium
Rostovtsew 118

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
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61 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.53 g, 12h)
Victory standing right, foot on helmet, inscribing shield set on palm tree
Apex; palm frond to left
M. & B. Overbeck, “Romische Bleimarken als Zeugnis des Ersten Jüdischen Krieges,” in Helas und der Grechen Osten, p. 211-216, 1; Rostovtsev 1840, pl. VII, 37; BMC 802-4

The similarities between the obverse of this piece and the Judaea Capta issues of Caesarea Maritima cannot be overstated. This type, as well as a few others that bear the portrait of Vespasian or palm trees, undoubtedly played some role in the triumph that followed the conclusion of the First Jewish War.
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10 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.01 g)
Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm frond
Trophy
Rostovtsew 131

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
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18 viewsROME
PB Tessera (12mm, 3.02 g, 12 h)
Wreath of seven pellets
Palm frond
Rostowzew 3289; Turcan 731

Possibly ex Trau collection.
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15 viewsTHESSALY, Uncertain. Mid-late 4th century BC?
PB Tessera. By the Eurymenai/Atrax engraver?
Bearded head right
Schematic line (horse's leg right?)
Cf. BCD Thessaly 1024 and 1038 (for similar bearded heads)

From the BCD Collection

BCD suggests that these two matching specimens are the products of an itinerant engraver, who would have used similar lead strickings as a portfolio to present to the various polities of the region. They are not related to the comparatively more common lead pieces of Pherai (Rogers 287; BCD Thessaly I 1305).
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16 viewsTHESSALY, Uncertain. Mid-late 4th century BC?
PB Tessera. By the Eurymenai/Atrax engraver?
Bearded head right
Schematic line (horse's leg right?)
Cf. BCD Thessaly 1024 and 1038 (for similar bearded heads)

From the BCD Collection

BCD suggests that these two matching specimens are the products of an itinerant engraver, who would have used similar lead strickings as a portfolio to present to the various polities of the region. They are not related to the comparatively more common lead pieces of Pherai (Rogers 287; BCD Thessaly I 1305).
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145 viewsIONIA, Ephesos. 1st-2nd century AD
Æ Tessera (18mm, 2.74 g)
KHPIΛIC ωΔE ΠPOC ΠAΛVPIN
Bee
CKωΠI, recumbent stag; E to left, Φ to right
BMC 186; SNG Copenhagen 355


Head interprets the legend ΠAΛYPIN as related to υρoν, beehive, and ύppις, basket and conflated with πaλιν, bring back. From this, he suggests that the token would have been placed in a jar and shaken to produce a ringing sound, while the magical words were spoken. Thus, the piece would be a magical token, related to the folk tradition of ringing the bees into their hives. Such an explanation is perhaps overly fanciful.
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61 viewsIONIA, Ephesos.
PB Tessera (20mm, 5.41 g)
Oleiculture scene: male figure standing right, holding stick and knocking olives from tree to right; star and crescent between; behind, stag(?) standing left; [...]POV above
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç –

Scenes of the olive harvest are entirely unknown on coinage, but some mosaics and Greek vases illustrate the practice. See in particular an Attic black figure neck amphora in the British Museum (ABV, 273, 116) depicting two men using sticks to knock olives from a tree.
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24 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (14mm, 2.28 g)
Female head right
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç - (but cf. 183 and 184 for other female portraits)
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74 viewsINDONESIA, Kingdom of Srivijaya.
7th-13th centuries AD
Æ (17mm, 0.32 g).
Cirebon or Tegal area. Struck in the early 11th century
Xian Ping Yuan Bao in crude Hànzì
Blank
Zeno 124661


The kingdom of Srivijaya (San Fo Chi, in Chinese) apparently petitioned the Emperor Zhēnzōng of China, seeking protection from the Chola Kingdom and permission to strike coins. This type, known only from recent finds near Palembang, likely represents the earliest native coinage of that area.
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80 viewsINDONESIA, Sultanate of Palembang. Circa AD 1790's-1821
Tin Cash (20mm, 0.61 g)
Palembang mint
Shi Dan Li Bao in Hànzì
Blank
T.D. Yih, "Tiny Pitis Inscribed 'Shi-Dan' (Sultan) from Palembang," in ONS Newsletter 204 (Summer 2010), type I-1

Found in Palembang

Hang Li Po first appears in the Malay Annals as a Chinese princess sent to be the fifth bride of sultan Mansur Shah of Malacca. However, there is no reference to this event in official Ming documents. Li Po may merely be a beautiful concubine given to the Sultan. Alternatively, she may be the daughter of an otherwise unknown Chinese ruler in the area, to whom this coin may perhaps be attributed.
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77 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. New York, New York. John H. Dayton, Union Steam Washing.
CU Token (28.5mm, 9.85 g, 12 h) Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dies by John Gibbs. Dated 1837
Laureate head of Liberty right; above, E. PLURIBUS UNUM on ribbon; thirteen stars around; 1837; c/m: small D above, '61' in white ink to left
* JAY. H. DAYTONS. UNION STEAM WASHING EST./ * 17th St. NEAR 5th AVENUE * NY/, WASHING/ DONE FOR/ SHIPS. ST BOATS/ HOTELS &/ PRIVATE FAMILIES
Rulau HT 249, Low 114

Ex Don Miller Collection; William Dunham Collection (B. Max Mehl, 3 August 1941), lot 2680
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29 viewsJAPAN, Imperial. Meiji Era.1868-1912
AV Ni Bu (13mm, 2.60 g, 12 h)
Edo mint. Struck 1868-1869
Two paulownia flowers; Ni Bu flanking
Mitsusugu
Hartill, Japanese 8.32b; JNDA 09-29

Acquired in the Philippines theater during World War Two.
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69 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. New York, New York. Henry Law, baker.
CU Token (29mm, 8.60 g, 12 h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Struck 1834-1835
ENGLISH BREAD/ TWIST & FANCY CAKES
Bushel of wheat
H. LAW BAKER/ 187 CANAL St NEW YORK
Eagle standing right, with wings spread and head left, shield on breast and olive branch in talons
Rulau HT 286; Low 261

Henry Law was married to Charlotte (née Stephens), the sister of William Stephens, a partner in one of the two firms that comprised the Belleville mint. Henry's bakery moved to Canal St. in 1834 and was closed in late 1834 or early 1835, when its proprietor died. Charlotte and her children later moved to Belleville.
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24 viewsUNCERTAIN EAST
Circa 300 BC - 100 AD?
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.79 g)
Two punches: bee, Λ A flanking; Nike advancing facing, head right
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -; Lang & Crosby -; Howgego -

The first punch depicts a bee with a long, cylindrical body, triangular pointed wings, and globular eyes with the letters Λ and A flanking. A second, added later over the edge of the first, shows Nike striding boldly forward with her head slightly to the right. The elegant engraving of the punches, both unlisted as countermarks in Howgego, contrasts starkly with the rough, unfinished flan. Although the basic types of Nike and a bee are common at Ephesos, the fabric and style differ from the issues of that city. Neither does the piece fit with the tokens found in the Athenian Agora. All considered, this piece appears consistent with what one would expect from a temporary token or entry pass, possibly of the pre-Roman period.
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38 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera (21mm, 4.14 g, 4 h)
Dated year 2 of an uncertain era
Confronted busts of Antinous, draped and wearing hem-hem crown, and Isis, draped and wearing headdress; [L] B flanking
Nilus reclining left on hippopatumus, holding cornucopia and reeds
Milne -; Milne, Memphis p. 115; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3569-70; Rostovtsev & Prou 665-6; Roma 6 (29 September 2013), lot 923-4
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23 viewsEGYPT, Aphroditopolis
PB Tessera (15mm, 3.02 g, 4 h)
Old man standing right, leaning on staff (Anchises?)
Aphrodite seated facing on rock, head right, raising arms to cover breast
Milne 5320-4; Dattari (Savio) 11851-2; Köln -

Assuming that the types of Aphroditopolis uniformly bear relation to the goddess, the elderly male figure on the obverse presents an enigma. Perhaps the man is Anchises, the father of Aeneas. While he was certainly younger during his dalliances with Aphrodite, the artist could presumably have been influenced by the Virgilian image of an elderly man.
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50 viewsEGYPT, Athribis
PB Tessera (24mm, 5.17 g, 12h).
Tyche reclining left on couch (hiera klinê, or lectisternium), holding rudder in outstretched right hand and resting head on raised left set on pillow; A[Θ]PI[B]IC/ [ΠOΛ]OI above
Nike standing right, holding palm frond and presenting wreath to Serapis standing left, holding long scepter in left hand and raising right
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 274, lot 288 (there as Memphis).
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13 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera
Confronted busts, the right bearded; star above
Serapis standing left, holding transverse scepter and raising hand
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -
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27 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (18mm, 2.83 , 1 h)
Tyche reclining left on couch (hiera klinê, or lectisternium), holding rudder in outstretched right hand and resting head on raised left set on pillow; all within distyle temple with pellet in pediment
Hercules standing left, holding club and small figure of Telesphorus
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -; Roma E-Live 3 (25 October 2018), lot 484 (same dies)
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93 viewsCANADA, Tokens. Nova Scotia. William IV. King of Great Britain, 1830-1837.
CU Penny Token (34.5 mm, 14.27 g, 6 h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835.
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
ONE PENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-4A2; Breton 870

Canadian catalogs traditionally give this issue to an illicit mint in Montreal. Wayne Jacobs1 argues that these were struck in Belleville. While his methodology is somewhat questionable - most of his theory is based off a unreliable editorial in an 1893 edition of the Newark Sunday Call - his reasoning regarding this series is sound. He is able to clearly demonstrate that the halfpenny and penny tokens in question are a product of a single, cohesive establishment which could not have been located in Lower Canada. Finally, Jacobs' claim can be supported by documentary evidence from the Belleville mint's primary competitor, the Scoville Company of Waterbury, Connecticut. A letter from J.M.L. to W.H. Scoville, dated April 4 1839, states that, "a competitor was stamping Canada Nova Scotia and Southern coins at 35 cents a pound."

1. Jacobs, Wayne. 1996. “The Shadowy Issues of the Belleville Mint.” Canadian Numismatic Journal 41 1: 13–26.
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34 viewsCANADA, Nova Scotia. William IV King of Great Britain, 1830-1837
CU Halfpenny Token
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
HALFPENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-3A2; Corteau 278, tentative die state 6; Breton 871

“Old residents state that these counterfeits were brought, in large quantities to St. John, N.B., and from thence distributed through fishing vessels to Nova Scotian out ports. And informant tells of having seen a fisherman from Yarmouth paid for his catch in this coin.” R.W. McLachlan (Annals of the Nova Scotian Coinage, p. 37)
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12 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA, nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 1/D; Colver & Harley –; KM Tn2

Ex Katz E-Auction 24 (14 August 2019), lot 900

The obverse of this token is from the first regular circulation issue, here heavily repolished and paired with a die from one of the final strikes, linking the two otherwise distinct sets of obverse dies. Only seven examples of this pairing are known. Snyder notes that die pairing 3/C, presently unlinked to others, could place between the first (obv 5 & 1) and second group (obv 2 &4). As obverses 3 and 4 both occur with significant breaks, this 1/D pairing may have been struck to replace either 3 or 4, with the later being more likely considering the sequence, and the 3/C pair the final set of dies used.
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47 viewsHAITI, Premier République. Jean Pierre Boyer. President, 1825-1843
Brass 50 Centimes (25.5mm, 4.26 g, 12h)
Contemporary counterfeit. Dated L'An 25 of the Republic (AD 1828/9)
J * BOYER * PRESIDENTE *, AN 25
Bust left
REPUBLIQUE D'HAITI */ 50 * C
Palm tree flanked by cannon and banners
KM 20a; cf. Arroyo 105 (for official issue); Lissade 96; iNumis 25, lot 1352

On 1 June 1835, local officials arrested engraver Joseph Gardner of Belleville on charges of counterfeiting. When searching his house, officials discovered dies for Spanish 8 reales in various states of completion, coining implements, a bag of gold dust, and several bags of "spurious Haytien coppers." Yet Gardner was not the only individual striking illicit Haitian coins. James Bishop of neighboring Bloomfield, New Jersey had been arrested several months before, and a third person was responsible for the issue brought to Haiti by Jeremiah Hamilton.

Today, two distinct issues of counterfeits can be identified: a group of 25 and 50 Centimes, clearly related in fabric, and two different dates of 100 Centimes. The smaller denominations are most often found lacking a silver plating, while the plating year 26 100 Centimes is fine enough to deceive the likes of NGC and Heritage. Additionally, there are a handful year 27 100 centimes overstruck on US large cents. While I have not yet found a regular strike from these dies, they are the most likely candidate for Belleville's production.
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35 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Civil War. Wooster, Ohio. James B. Childs
CU Token (19mm, 3.06 g, 6 h)
Thistle; UNITED WE STAND above, DIVIDED WE FALL below
JAMES B. CHILDS/ CLOTHING/ HATS, CAPS/ &/ TRUNKS/ WOOSTER OHIO
Rulau 975D-1a
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64 viewsUNITED STATES, Native proto-currency. Seneca tribe.
Ganounata village (Honeoye Falls, NY). Circa AD 1625-1687
White wampum beads (apx. 5mm, 0.10g each)
Carved white shell beads with lateral hole for suspension in belt
Cf. William Martin Beauchamp, Wampum and Shell Articles Used by the New York Indians, p. 369

Found at the Dann Farm site in Honeoye Falls, NY.


In 1687 combined French and Huron forces, lead by the Marquis de Denonville, set out to undermine the strength of the Iriquois Confederacy. The main strike was made against Seneca villages in Western New York. Ganounata was burned during the campaign. This episode was only one in a long line of conflicts fought over control of the North American fur trade.

Wampum was used by Native Americans in woven belts of white and black beads. The white beads were crafted from the columella of the Channeled Whelk, the black from the quahog. Traditionally, wampum belts were used as a ceremonial object to initiate a trade contract. It was only with the coming of the Europeans that wampum began to function as coinage. In 1673, New York state officially set the value of wampum at six white beads to the Dutch stuiver, or three black until they fell out of use.
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20 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. Wooster, Ohio. Archer House. Circa 1878-1966
AL Twenty-five Cent Token (24mm, 1.48 g, 11h)
ARCHER HOUSE -:- around central hole
GOOD FOR/ 25¢/ IN TRADE

Archer House hotel was constructed in 1878 on the corner of Buckeye and Liberty Streets, on the site of the earlier wood frame Washington House tavern. The founders, tailor E.B. Connelly and his sister-in-law Melinda, named the establishment after Melinda's deceased son, Archer. Melinda Connelly later remarried to A.M. Parrish, with whom she would operate the hotel until her death. The property passed to heir great-grandson, on who's behalf it was sold to Dr. Alonzo Smith in 1923. Archer House was finally purchased by Robert Freeman in 1964, and was razed in 1966. Today, a two story professional building stands on the spot.
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21 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. Wooster, Ohio. Archer House. Circa 1878-1966.
AL Ten Cent Token (22.5mm, 1.28 g, 2h)
ARCHER HOUSE -:- around central hole
GOOD FOR/ 10¢/ IN TRADE
Lipscomb WO 8051; TC 226639

Archer House hotel was constructed in 1878 on the corner of Buckeye and Liberty Streets, on the site of the earlier wood frame Washington House tavern. The founders, tailor E.B. Connelly and his sister-in-law Melinda, named the establishment after Melinda's deceased son, Archer. Melinda Connelly later remarried to A.M. Parrish, with whom she would operate the hotel until her death. The property passed to heir great-grandson, on who's behalf it was sold to Dr. Alonzo Smith in 1923. Archer House was finally purchased by Robert Freeman in 1964, and was razed in 1966. Today, a two story professional building stands on the spot.
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16 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. Wooster, Ohio. Archer House. Circa 1878-1966.
AL Five Cent Token (21.5mm, 1.16 g, 8h)
ARCHER HOUSE -:- around central hole
GOOD FOR/ 5¢/ IN TRADE

Archer House hotel was constructed in 1878 on the corner of Buckeye and Liberty Streets, on the site of the earlier wood frame Washington House tavern. The founders, tailor E.B. Connelly and his sister-in-law Melinda, named the establishment after Melinda's deceased son, Archer. Melinda Connelly later remarried to A.M. Parrish, with whom she would operate the hotel until her death. The property passed to heir great-grandson, on who's behalf it was sold to Dr. Alonzo Smith in 1923. Archer House was finally purchased by Robert Freeman in 1964, and was razed in 1966. Today, a two story professional building stands on the spot.
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32 viewsBRITISH TOKENS, Tudor. temp. Mary–Edward VI.1553-1558.
PB Token (27mm, 5.29 g). St. Nicholas (‘Boy Bishop’) type. Cast in East Anglia (Bury St. Edmund’s?)
Mitre, croizer to right; all within border
Long cross pattée with trefoils in angles; scrollwork border
Rigold, Tokens class X.B, 1; Mitchiner & Skinner group Ra, 1

Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX.1 (Spring 2014), no. 973330

Britain in the late middle ages played host to a popular regional variant of the ‘Feast of Fools’ festival. Every year on the feast of St. Nicholas, a boy was elected from among the local choristers to serve as ‘bishop.’ Dressed in mitre and bearing the croizer of his office, the young boy paraded through the city accompanied by his equally youthful ‘priest’ attendants. The ‘bishop’ performed all the ceremonies and offices of the real bishop, save for the actual conducting of mass. Though this practice was extinguished with the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1539, it was briefly revived under Queen Mary, who took particular interest in the festival, when the lucky boy was referred to as ‘Queen Mary’s Child.’ The celebration of the boy bishop died out completely early in the reign of Elizabeth.

Evidence of this custom is particularly prevalent in East Anglia, specifically at Bury St. Edmunds. Beginning in the late 15th century, the region produced numerous lead tokens bearing the likeness of a bishop, often bearing legends relating to the festival of St. Nicholas. Issued in sizes roughly corresponding to groats, half groats, and pennies, these pieces were undoubtedly distributed by the boy bishop himself, and were likely redeemable at the local abbey or guild for treats and sweetmeats. Considering the endemic paucity of small change in Britain at the time, it is likely that, at least in parts of East Anglia, these tokens entered circulation along with the other private lead issues that were becoming common.
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87 viewsTHESSALY, The Oitaioi. Circa 167-146 BC.
AR Hemidrachm (15mm, 2.30 g, 1h)
Herakleia Trachinia mint
Lion’s head left, spear in its jaws
OITAI downward to right, ΩN downward to left, Herakles standing facing, holding club in both hands
Valassiadis 9; BCD Thessaly II 494 (same obverse die)

Ex BCD Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 290), lot 57; Peus 384 (2 November 2005), lot 199; Vinchon (20 May 1959), lot 483; M. Ratto 11 (16 May 1935), lot 239; R. Ratto (4 April 1927), lot 1023; Naville-Ars Classica V (18 June 1923), lot 1764
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58 viewsJAPAN, Imperial. temp. Kanbun Era-Enpō Era. AD 1668-1673.
Æ Mun (25mm, 3.84 g, 12 h)
Saiji Bun-sen type
Kameido, Edo mint in Musashi province
Kanei Tsuho in Hànzì
Bun in Hànzì
Hartill, Japanese 4.102; Ogawa 25
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24 viewsJAPAN, Imperial. Kyōhō Era. AD 1716-1738
Æ Mun (24mm, 3.34 g)
Ishinomaki, Sendai mint in Mutsu province
Cast AD 1728-1732
Kanei Tsuho in Hànzì
Blank
Hartill, Japanese 4.138; Ogawa 126
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20 viewsJapan, Imperial. temp. Genbun Era-Kanpō Era. AD 1741-1744
Æ Mun (23mm, 2.15 g, 12 h)
Takatsu, Osaka mint in Settsu province
Kanei Tsuho in Hànzì
Gen in Hànzì
Hartill, Japanese 4.197; Ogawa 274
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30 viewsJapan, Imperial. Kanpō  Era. AD 1741-1744
Æ Mun (23mm, 1.91 g, 12 h)
Ashijisen type
Ashio mint in Shimatsuke province
Kanei Tsuho in Hànzì
Ashi in Hànzì
Hartill, Japanese 4.202; Ogawa 293
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140 viewsROME
PB Gnostic amulet
3rd-5th century AD
Abraxas standing left, with head of a cock, body of a man, and legs of a serpent, holding spear and shield
Star over crescent; ABPA/ CAZ below
Cf. Rostowzew & Prou 820a (oval shape, letters IAω around deity)

Remnants of loupe for suspension at 12'

Not a tessera, but often erroneously included among them.
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pepin-saint-denis.JPG
D.892 Pepin the Brief (denier, Saint-Denis?)18 viewsPepin the Brief, king of the Franks (751-768)
Denier, Saint-Denis ? (751-768)

Silver, 1.22 g, 16 mm diameter, die axis 11 h

O/ RP under a bar; pellets in the field
R/ ΛVT / TRΔ / NO

RP on the obverse means Rex Pippinus, or maybe PiPpinus Rex (the first R would then have to be read twice, the first time as a P).
The reverse is more intricate. First, the mint was identified as Antrain in Brittany. However, a lead slab has been found in Saint-Denis, on which similiar dies had been tested. As a consequence these deniers may have been minted in Saint-Denis monastery. However the legend on the reverse is still unclear (name of a moneyer, abbreviation of a latine phrase ?).
Droger
richard1-denier-rouen.JPG
Richard I: denier au fronton (Rouen)12 viewsRichard I, duke of Normandy (943-996)
Denier au fronton (Rouen, circa 960-980)

Silver, 1.17 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 3 h
A/ +RICΛRDVS I ; cross pattée with four pellets around
R/ ROTOMΛGVS ; temple with a pointed pediment, on top of it a small cross interrupts the legend. Below, an X with four pellets around, and a dash below
Droger
constantin1-provavgg-plc.JPG
RIC.225 Constantine I (AE3, Providentiae Avgg)16 viewsConstantine I, caesar (306-307), emperor (307-337)
AE3: Providentiae Avgg (324-325, Lyon mint)

bronze, 20mm diameter, 3.13 g, die axis: 12h

A/ CONSTAN-TINVS AVG; pearl-diademed head right
R/ PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG / PLC in exergue; open camp gate, two turrets, no door and a star above

Ferrando II 479 (C2)
Droger
constantin1-provavgg-arls.JPG
RIC.309 Constantine I (AE3, Providentiae Avgg)19 viewsConstantine I, caesar (306-307), emperor (307-337)
AE3: Providentiae Avgg (327-328, Arles mint)

bronze, 18mm diameter, 2.66 g, die axis: 7h

A/ CONSTAN-TINVS AVG; pearl-diademed head right
R/ PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG / ARLS in exergue/S|F in field; open camp gate, two turrets, no door and a star above

Ferrando II 479 (C2)
Droger
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D.175 Charles the Great [Charlemagne] (denier, class 3, Bourges)16 viewsCharles the Great, king of the Franks (768-840) and Holy Roman emperor (800-814)
Denier (Bourges, class 3, 781-800)

Silver, 1.18 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ [+CA]RLVS REX FR; cross pattée with a crescent in each quarter
R/ [+B]ITVRICA[S]; carolingian monogram KRLS

For the 3rd type of his coinage, Charles the Great introduced the famous KRLS monogram. This one contains all the letters of Karolvs : the consonants are clearly written at the edges and bound by a lozenge. The vowels are at the center of the monogram: A (using the upper part of the lozenge, O as the whole lozenge and V as the down part of the lozenge).
This monogram still appeared two centuries later in the coinage of Hugh Capet, first capetian king.
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D.609 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)49 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.48 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ META / . / LLVM

Louis' deniers correspond to his father's (Charles the Great) ``novus denarius'', whose weight is supposed to be near 1.7 g with a certain variability.

This denier is typical of Class 2 of Louis' coinage (819-822).
A circular inscription of the name of the ruler surrounds a cross pattée on the observe. The quite surprising Hlvdovvicvs initially comes from the germanic name Chlodowig ("Clovis"). This one was first transcribed to latin as Chlodowicvs. The initial C then disappeared, which explains the H at the beginning. The w(=vv) finally became a standard v, which gave Lvdovicvs (Louis). The imperial title imp is also given.

The reverse consists of the mint name, in field. The mint name may be split in 2 or 3 lines.
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D.613var Louis the Pious (obol, Melle, class 2)34 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.74 g, 17 mm diameter, die axis 9 h

O/ LVDO / VVIC
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

As the value of a denier was quite important (a sheep typically cost 10 deniers during Charles the Great's reign), a smaller coin was needed. Clearly speaking, an obol is a half-denier. The carolingian coinage is typically one of silver deniers and obols. Obols and deniers were usually produced by pairs of the same kind.

Contrary to the related denier, the name of the ruler is here in the field and the mint name surrounds a cross pattée.
The absence of the imperial title made think that the coin had been struck when Louis was king of Aquitaine (before the death of Charles the Great). However there are similar obols with out of Aquitain mints. The absence of the imperial title (as well as an abbreviated name Lvdovvic instead of Hlvdovvicvs) may be due to a lack of space.
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D.1179 Louis the Pious (denier, class 3)50 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 1.56 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

The XPISTIANA should be read "χρISTIANA", nice mix of greek and latin letters.

This is the most common carolingian coin (Class 3 of Louis' coinage).
The obverse is the same as Class 2. However, the reverse is a signature of the alliance between the Carolingians and the Roman Church, which began with Louis' father (Charles the Great) and the systematic introduction of a cross on coins. Louis carried on...

There is no indication of the mint name on this coinage. This fact is generally interpreted as a reinforcement of the imperial autority. Many people tried to localize the precise location of mints. Simon Coupland proposed an attribution, using stylistic similarities to other coins of well known mints. Some cases are easy to attribute but not this one (maybe Quentovic or Verdun ?)...

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D.1179 Louis the Pious (denier, class 3)29 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 1.52 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 9 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée s with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

Another example of temple denier with a different style, which suggests a different mint. The letters are cruder and the legend is slightly degenerated (retrograd S, MP instead of IMP for the title).
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D.1180 Louis the Pious (obol, class 3)9 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" obol (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 0.69 g, 16 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +PSTIΛNΛ REICIO; temple

This obol is a reduced version of the temple denier.
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D.abs Louis the Pious (obol, class 3)19 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (unknown mint in the south-east of France?, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 0.77 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 5 h

O/ +PISTIΛNΛ PI; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +OPISTIΛNΛ PE; cross pattée

This obol may be due to a double reverse error because of the absence of the sovereign's name and the legend repetition on both sides. However several dies were used to strike this type (I could find 3 obverse and 3 reverse dies), one side always bears 4 pellets as the other does not. One of the reverse dies is associated to the more typical obverse legend +HLVDOVVICVS I. Consequently an error does not seem to be likely. Because of hoard localizations, these obols seem to come from a single mint, in the south-east of France (Lyon, Arles?).
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D.1176 Lothar I (denier)7 viewsLothar I, Holy Roman emperor (840-855), king of Middle Francia (843-855) and Italy (818-855)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, 84-855)

Silver, 1.09 g, 17-20 mm diameter, die axis 12 h

O/ +HLOTΛPIVS ΛGVS; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

Lothar I re-used the temple type, which had been made popular by his father Louis the Pious. However, it was minted by Lothar in much smaller quantities.
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RIC.289 Constantine II (AE3, Providentiae Caess)19 viewsConstantine II, caesar (317-337), western emperor (337-340)
AE3 : Providentiae Caess (326, Rome mint)

bronze, 18mm diameter, 2.80 g, die axis: 6h

A/ CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS / R(wreath)T in exergue; open camp gate, two turrets, no door and a star above
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Louis IV: denier (Angoulême)12 viewsAs Louis d'Outremer, king of the Franks (936-954)
Immobilized denier (10th-12th century)

Billon, 0.81 g, 18.5 mm diameter, die axis 9h
O/ +LODOICVS; cross pattée
R/ +EGOLISSIME; 4 rings around a small cross pattée

This type of coin was immobilized from the end of the 10th century till the 13th century by the counts of Angoulême.
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RIC.322 Constantine II (AE3, Virtvs Caess)11 viewsConstantine II, caesar (317-337), western emperor (337-340)
AE3 : Providentiae Caess (328-329, Arles mint, 3rd officine)

bronze, 19mm diameter, 3.14 g, die axis: 12h

A/ CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ VIRTVS - CAESS / TCONST in exergue, S | F in the field; gateway wide wide open doors, four turrets and a star above
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D.621 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1a, Melle)25 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1a, 840-864)

Silver, 1.70 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ META / • / LLVM

Class 1 of Charles the Bald's coinage is made of totally different types of coins, which may reflect the state of the kingdom after 3 years of civil war and the division of the Empire.

Class 1a: mint in the field, with a linear legend
Class 1b: bust
Class 1c: city gate
Class 1d: KRLS monogram
Class 1e: temple

Coupland suggests that this particular scarce type (with META/LLVM on the reverse) had been minted from June 848, just after Charles the Bald finally defeated his nephew Pippin II for Aquitaine's control. The aim of minting a special type like this was to show a clear difference with the previsous coinage of Pippin II. A little later, Charles the Blad went on with the typical coinage of Melle (monogram ; circular mint name).
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D.725 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1c, Orléans)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier with a gate (Orléans, class 1c, 840-864)

Silver, 1.26 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée with four pellets
R/ +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS; city gate with two pellets on sides

The gate motif goes back to Roman times and was used by early Carolingians (and Capetians later).
There is a small misprint on the reverse : +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS instead +ΛVRE-LI-ΛNIS
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D.626 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1d, Melle)25 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.73 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX; cross pattée
R/ +METVLLO; carolingian monogram

This coinage with the shorter legend CΛRLVS REX is much rarer than the common one with the legend CΛRLVS REX FR. The composition of a hoard in Poitou suggests that this type can be unambiguously attributed to Charles the Bald. This coinage may have been minted at the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign, just before Pippin II took the control of Melle in 845.
Among the 12 known specimens, 5 have a deformed monogram, with the L and the S exchanging places, and on their sides. This feature, the shorter legend, as well as the unusual position of the legend opening cross on top of the monogram may suggest that there was some confusion in Melle at this time, when Charles gave back (temporarily) Aquitaine to Pippin.
The reverse is slightly double struck.
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D.762 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1e, Paris)28 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
"Temple" denier (Paris, class 1e, 840-864)

Silver, 1.70 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 4h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ +PΛRISII CIVITΛS; temple

The mint's name (Paris) stands in for the usual legend XPISTIANA RELIGIO. The royal authority may have been quite weak in the beginning of Charles' reign, and each mint may have been tempted to make a clear legend to characterize its own coinage.
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D.726 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1e, Orléans)15 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
"Temple" denier (Orléans, class 1e, 840-864)

Silver, 1.53 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +ΛVR-ELI-ΛNIS; temple

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D.375 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Courcessin?)35 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Courcessin?, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.43 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +I.CVRTISΛSONIEH; cross pattée

In 864, Charles the Bald promulgated the edict of Pîtres, huge reform whose aim was to protect the kingdom from Viking raids. It also reinforced royal authority on minting, and created a new type of deniers . The new coins could be only struck at 10 mints (Palace, Chalon sur Saône, Melle, Narbonne, Orléans, Paris, Quentovic, Reims, Rouen and Sens). This limitation had never been applied, more than 110 mints struck the new coinage. This can be understood as a lack of control of the central autority. However it seems that several mints shared dies... Grierson and Blackburn proposed that only 10 main mints produced dies and partially outsourced coinage production ?
On the obverse is written GRATIA D-I REX (GDR) around a carolingian monogram. The alliance with Roman Church goes on... The reverse already existed for Class 1, with the mint name around a cross pattée.
Class 2 of Charles' coinage is made of these GDR deniers.

The precise localization of the mint in Normandie (north of France) is still not clear. According to Grierson and Blackburn, Courti(s) Sasonien(sis) may come from some groups of Saxons settled in northern part of Gaul.
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Dy.001 Hugh Capet: denier (Beauvais)19 viewsHugh Capet, king of the Franks (987-996) and Hervé, Bishop of Beauvais (987-998)
Denier (Beauvais)

Silver, 1.19 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 9h
O: [HERV]EVS HVGO RE[X] ; cross pattée with 2 pellets
R: BE[LVΛC]VS CIVITΛS ; carolingian monogram KRLS

Although Hugh Capet was the founder of the capetian dynasty, his coinage contains a carolingian monogram. It may have been a way to show the continuity of the royal authority. The presence of the bishop Hervé is not really understood on this nearly only coinage of Hugh Capet as king of the Franks (obols of the same type are also known, as well as a unique denier of Laon).
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Dy.081 Philip I: denier (Mâcon)31 viewsPhilip I, king of the Franks (1060-1108)
Denier (Mâcon, 2ond type)

Billon, 1.10 g, diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 5h
O: +PIIIPVS RX; lozenge with 4 pellets
R: +MATISCON; S with 2 pellets

Although Mâcon (Bourgogne) was not in the royal domain, this denier was struck in the name of Philip I, king of France.
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Dy.102 Louis VI (the Fat): denier (Étampes)17 viewsLouis VI the Fat, king of the Franks (1108-1137)
Denier (Étampes, 3rd emission)

Billon, 1.13 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 2h
A/ +LODOVICVS REX I; large E with a ringlet on the left, and 4 pellets on top of each other and a X on the right
R/ STΛMPIS CΛSTELLVM ; cross pattée with 2 Λ
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Dy.120 Louis VI (the Fat): denier (Orléans)28 viewsLouis VI the Fat, king of the Franks (1108-1137)
Denier (Orléans)

Billon, 0.83 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 4h
O/ +LVDOVICVS REX I; city gate with an O on the top, an Ω on the left, and 3 dashes on the right (maybe a Ξ). 4 pellets are in the gate.
R/ +AVRELIANIS CIVITAS; cross pattée with an O and an A.
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Dy.176 Philip II (Augustus): denier tournois (Saint Martin de Tours)24 viewsPhilip II, king of France (1180-1223)
Denier tournois (Saint Martin de Tours)

Billon, 0.96 g, diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 7h
O: PHILIPVS REX; croix pattée
R: +SCS MARTINVS; châtel tournois

The livre parisis was a standard for minting coins (and for unit of accounts) inherited from the Carolingians.
In 1203, John (Lackland) lost Anjou to Philip II. The deniers minted at the Saint Martin abbey in Touraine were considered as very stable. So Philip II decided to adopt the livre tournois (tournois means "of Tours", Tours is a French city in Anjou close to Saint Martin abbey) as a new standard denier and unit of account. Livre parisis and livre tournois coexisted for some time but the livre tournois quickly outstripped the livre parisis as a unit of account. Deniers parisis ceased to be struck a little more than a century later, but livre parisis existed till 17th century.
SCS MARTINVS means Sanctus Martinus (Saint Martin). The name of the abbey was temporarily kept on the deniers tournois, but was soon replaced by the name of the city of Tours.
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Dy.243 Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 1st emission7 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 1st emission (03/02/1324)

Silver (798 ‰), 1.82 g, diameter 22 mm, die axis 2h
O: inner circle: +kAROLVS(diamond)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT#8942nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANChORVm*; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis

The h of FRANChORVm is characteristic of the first emission.

Charles was the younger and third son of former king Philip the Fair. He was consequently not supposed to rule. However, as his two brothers successively died without any living son, he became king in 1322. Six years later, he also died without a male heir. So ended up the capetian senior line in 1328.
The legend began then... Jacques de Molay, last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, had cursed King Philip the Fair and his descendants from his execution pyr in 1314. Was the curse finally efficient ?
Charles'cousin, his nearest parent, became then king of France as Philip VI.
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Dy.243A Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 2ond emission22 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 2ond emission (07/1324)

Silver (798 ‰), 1.74 g, diameter 21-22 mm, die axis 10h
O: inner circle: +(spade)kAROLVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT(ring)nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm(ring); châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis, the top one being between 2 dots, which is characteristic of the 2ond emission




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Dy.243D Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 3rd emission10 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 3rd emission (07/23/1326)

Silver (718 ‰), 1.64 g, diameter 22 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +kAROLVS(square)RE•X•; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT(ring)nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis, the top one being between 2 dots

The RE•X• on the reverse is characteristic of the 3rd emission. Most of the time, the top fleur-de-lis is also surrounded by two dots, similarly to the 2ond emission.



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Dy.262 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 1st emission7 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 1st emission (01/01/1337)

Silver (851 ‰), 2.51 g, diameter 25 mm, die axis 5h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

Philip VI is the first non direct capetian king. He was the cousin of the 3 previous kings.
The Gros tournois hadn't changed since its creation by Saint Louis. During Philip VI's reign, 3 new types of Gros were struck, with lighter weight and less silver. These monetary difficulties may be related to the premisses of the One Hundred Years' war and French military defeats.

The 3 bullets in the chatel (without any star below) are characteristic of the 1st emission.
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Dy.262A1 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 2ond emission30 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 2ond emission (10/31/1338)

Silver (639 ‰), 2.44 g, diameter 23 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm(T); châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside and a star below; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis
(slightly double struck) reverse

The 3 bullets in the chatel and the star below are characteristic of the 2ond emission.
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Dy.262C Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 4th emission17 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 4th emission (04/06/1340)

White billon (479 ‰), 2.16 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 3h
O: inner circle: PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée and 4 ringlets at its boundaries; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown and 2 fleurs-de-lis, with a ring inside; a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis and a small cross

The silver content goes on lowering.
The ring in the chatel is characteristic of the 4th emission.
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RIC.255 Tetricus II: antoninianus (Pietas Avgg)8 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Pietas Avgg (6th emission, 272-273, Cologne)

Billon, 2.30 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 6h

A/ C P E TET[RICVS CAE]S; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left
R/ [P]IETAS AVGG; pontifical instruments variously arranged (vase handle on the right)

EG.305
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RIC.255 Tetricus II: antoninianus (Pietas Avgg)11 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Pietas Avgg (6th emission, 272-273, Cologne)

Billon, 2.30 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 6h

A/ C P E TETRICVS CAES; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left
R/ PIETAS AVGG; pontifical instruments variously arranged (vase handle on the left)

EG.305
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D.1041 Louis III (denier, Tours)31 viewsLouis III, king of the Franks (879-882)
Denier (Tours)

Silver, 1.78 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +IIISIRICORDIΛ DI REX; Louis' monogram (legend beginning at 3h)
R/ +HTVR◊NES CIVITAS; croix pattée

Louis III became king of West Francia at 16 after his father Louis II died quite young. As he was the only living son of Charles II, Louis II had inherited the full kingdom of West Francia from his father. At opposite, when Louis II died, his sons Louis III and Carloman II divided the kingdom into a northern part for Louis III and a southern part for his brother Carloman II. During his reign, Louis III (in alliance with his brother) achieved military successes, especially against Vikings. However, Louis III's reign didn't last long. Louis III died inadvertently at 19 while chasing a girl on his horse. He hit violently the lintel of a door with his head.
Louis III's coinage is hard to distinguish from Louis II's. Both bear the same name et both reigns were very short. Three kinds of coins can be found:
* coins with legend LVDOVICS REX and a KRLS monogram : these coins have been found for northern and southern mints and are consequently given for Louis II;
* coins with a LVDOVICVS monogram ; they have only been found for the northern mints, and are consequently supposed to be Louis III's;
* coins of Toulouse with LV/DO, imitating the ones of Charles emperor with CA/RL. The attribution to Louis II seems to be straightforward due to the southern position.
The legend of the coin is different from the traditional Gratia di Rex, but still shows a religious origin. However its success remained very limited, with some scare coins of Louis III and Eudes.
3 commentsDroger
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RIC.abs Rome commemorative (AE4, Vrbs Roma, Arles, X)18 viewsRome commemorative
AE4 (339-340, Arles mint)

bronze, 14 mm diameter, 1.44 g, die axis: 6 h

A/ VRBS ROMA; helmeted and mantled bust of ROMA, left
R/ She-wolf with twins, two stars above, X between them, PCON in exergue

The exergue may be PCON or PCONST. The lack of space and the dots on the visor of the helmet suggest it is rather PCON.

Ferrando II 979 (R1)
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Saint Martial abbey: denier (Limoges)7 viewsSaint Martial abbey, Limoges, anonymous (1100-1150)

Silver, 1.14 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 3h

O/ +SES•MARCIAL; facing bearded bust of Saint Martial
R/ +LEMOVICENSIS; beaded cross with 2 pellets in each quadrant

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RIC.29a Magnus Maximus (AE4, Spes Romanorvm)24 viewsMagnus Maximus, usurpor (383-384), western roman emperor (384-388)
Nummus AE4 : Spes Romanorvm (383-388, Arles mint)

bronze, 12 mm diameter, 1.40 g, die axis: 5 h,

A/ D N MAG MAXI-MVS P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ SPES RO-MA-NORVM / PCON; open camp-gate with star between its two turrets

RIC.29a
NBD.55515
Ferrando II 1677 (C2)
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RIC.55b2 Flavius Victor (AE4, Spes Romanorvm)4 viewsFlavius Victor, usurpor, Cesar (384-387), western roman emperor (387-388)
Nummus AE4: Spes Romanorvm (387-388, Aquilea mint, 2ond officine)

Bronze, 12-13 mm diameter, 1.40 g, die axis: 1 h

A/ D N FL VIC-TOR P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ SPES RO-MA-NORVM / AQPS in exergue; open camp-gate with star between its two turrets
Droger
vienne-denier.JPG
Vienne archibishopric : denier (Vienne)26 viewsVienne archibishopric, anonymous (1200-1250)

Silver, 0.66 g, diameter 16 mm, die axis 5h

O/ +•S•M•VIENNA•; left bearded and bare head of Saint Maurice
R/ MAXIMA.GALL (dashed L); cross pattée with 4 pellets
1 commentsDroger
eudes-denier-blois.JPG
D.163 Eudes (denier, Blois)15 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Blois)

Silver, 1.59 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +MISERICORDIΛ DE-I; monogram
R/ +BIESIΛNIS CΛSTR◊; cross pattée

Eudes was not a Carolingian. As count of Paris, he obtained successful results against the Viking attacks. He was then chosen by frankish noblemen to be the king. The legitimate heir Charles III the Simple was then too young to rule.

This type of coinage is a very Carolingian one.
Eudes made his own monograms. This one is quite elaborate, with ◊DO above and RX below. Still on the obverse, the inscription is Misericordia Dei instead of the traditional Gratia Dei Rex. These two features (monogram and legend) make this coin very similar to Louis III's coins of Touraine (Blois and Tours mainly).

Droger
eudes-denier-orleans.JPG
D.740 Eudes (denier, Orléans)10 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Orléans)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 10h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D TI; Eudes'monogram R / ◊D◊ / EX (inverted E) (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITAS; cross pattée

Contrary to Charlemagne and Charles the Bald, Eudes seems to have had some problems to choose a monogram or to explain to all mints how it had to look like...
Droger
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LT 681, Gaul, Massalia16 viewsMassalia (Marseille, south of France)
Circa 225-100 BC ?

Silver obol, 0.59 g, 11 mm largest diameter, die axis 11h

O/ youthful head of Apollo, left, with a visible ear and sideburns
R/ wheel with four spokes, M and A with small bullets in two of the quarters
Droger
charles2-denier-immo-melle.JPG
Charles II the Bald (denier, Melle, immobilization)46 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, 10th century)

Silver, 1.15 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX R; cross pattée (S retrograd)
R/ MET / . / ALO

Not really a type that can be attributed to Charles the Bald... this type was immobilized and struck from the middle of the 10th century to the end of the 11th century ! Minting was then totally in the hands of of the counts of Poitou and out of control of the royal administration.
The obverse is similar to previous coinage, but with a retrograd S on most of the specimen. On the contrary, the mint name (in the field on the obverse) had never been used by Charles the Bald (METALO instead of METALLVUM).
Droger
lg004_quad_sm.jpg
"As de Nîmes" or "crocodile" Ӕ dupondius of Nemausus (9 - 3 BC), honoring Augustus and Agrippa33 viewsIMP DIVI F , Heads of Agrippa (left) and Augustus (right) back to back, Agrippa wearing rostral crown and Augustus the oak-wreath / COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm-shoot with short dense fronds and tip right; two short palm offshoots left and right below, above on left a wreath with two long ties streaming right.

Ӕ, 24.5 x 3+ mm, 13.23g, die axis 3h; on both sides there are remains of what appears to be gold plating, perhaps it was a votive offering? Rough edges and slight scrapes on flan typical for this kind of coin, due to primitive technology (filing) of flan preparation.

IMPerator DIVI Filius. Mint of COLonia NEMausus (currently Nîmes, France). Known as "As de Nîmes", it is actually a dupontius (lit. "two-pounder") = 2 ases (sometimes cut in halves to get change). Dupondii were often made out of a golden-colored copper alloy (type of brass) "orichalcum" and this appears to be such case.

Key ID points: oak-wreath (microphotography shows that at least one leaf has a complicated shape, although distinguishing oak from laurel is very difficult) – earlier versions have Augustus bareheaded, no PP on obverse as in later versions, no NE ligature, palm with short fronds with tip right (later versions have tip left and sometimes long fronds). Not typical: no clear laurel wreath together with the rostral crown, gold (?) plating (!), both features really baffling.

But still clearly a "middle" kind of the croc dupondius, known as "type III": RIC I 158, RPC I 524, Sear 1730. It is often conservatively dated to 10 BC - 10 AD, but these days it is usually narrowed to 9/8 - 3 BC.

It is a commemorative issue, honoring the victory over Mark Antony and conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. The heads of Augustus and Agrippa were probably positioned to remind familiar obverses of Roman republican coins with two-faced Janus. Palm branch was a common symbol of victory, in this case grown into a tree, like the victories of Augustus and Agrippa grown into the empire. The two offshoots at the bottom may mean two sons of Agrippa, Gaius and Lucius, who were supposed to be Augustus' heirs and were patrons of the colony. Palm may also be a symbol of the local Nemausian deity, which was probably worshiped in a sacred grove. When these coins were minted, the colony was mostly populated by the settled veterans of Augustus' campaigns, hence the reminiscence of the most famous victory, but some of the original Celtic culture probably survived and was assimilated by Romans. The crocodile is not only the symbol of Egypt, like in the famous Octavian's coins AEGYPTO CAPTA. It is also a representation of Mark Antony, powerful and scary both in water and on land, but a bit slow and stupid. The shape of the crocodile with tail up was specifically chosen to remind of the shape of ship on very common "legionary" denarius series, which Mark Antony minted to pay his armies just before Actium. It is probably also related to the popular contemporary caricature of Cleopatra, riding on and simultaneously copulating with a crocodile, holding a palm branch in her hand as if in triumph. There the crocodile also symbolized Mark Antony.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was born c. 64-62 BC somewhere in rural Italy. His family was of humble and plebeian origins, but rich, of equestrian rank. Agrippa was about the same age as Octavian, and the two were educated together and became close friends. He probably first served in Caesar's Spanish campaign of 46–45 BC. Caesar regarded him highly enough to send him with Octavius in 45 BC to train in Illyria. When Octavian returned to Rome after Caesar's assassination, Agrippa became his close lieutenant, performing many tasks. He probably started his political career in 43 BC as a tribune of the people and then a member of the Senate. Then he was one of the leading Octavian's generals, finally becoming THE leading general and admiral in the civil wars of the subsequent years.

In 38 as a governor of Transalpine Gaul Agrippa undertook an expedition to Germania, thus becoming the first Roman general since Julius Caesar to cross the Rhine. During this foray he helped the Germanic tribe of Ubii (who previously allied themselves with Caesar in 55 BC) to resettle on the west bank of the Rhine. A shrine was dedicated there, possibly to Divus Caesar whom Ubii fondly remembered, and the village became known as Ara Ubiorum, "Altar of Ubians". This quickly would become an important Roman settlement. Agrippina the Younger, Agrippa's granddaughter, wife of Emperor Claudius and mother of Emperor Nero, would be born there in 15 AD. In 50 AD she would sponsor this village to be upgraded to a colonia, and it would be renamed Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (colony of Claudius [at] the Altar of Agrippinians – Ubii renamed themselves as Agrippinians to honor the augusta!), abbreviated as CCAA, later to become the capital of new Roman province, Germania Inferior.

In 37 BC Octavian recalled Agrippa back to Rome and arranged for him to win the consular elections, he desperately needed help in naval warfare with Sextus Pompey, the youngest son of Pompey the Great, who styled himself as the last supporter of the republican cause, but in reality became a pirate king, an irony since his father was the one who virtually exterminated piracy in all the Roman waters. He forced humiliating armistice on the triumvirs in 39 BC and when Octavian renewed the hostilities a year later, defeated him in a decisive naval battle of Messina. New fleet had to be built and trained, and Agrippa was the man for the job. Agrippa's solution was creating a huge secret naval base he called Portus Iulius by connecting together lakes Avernus, Avernus and the natural inner and outer harbors behind Cape Misenum at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples. He also created a larger type of ship and developed a new naval weapon: harpax – a ballista-launched grapnel shot with mechanisms that allowed pulling enemy ships close for easy boarding. It replaced the previous boarding device that Romans used since the First Punic War, corvus – effective, but extremely cumbersome. A later defence against it were scythe blades on long poles for cutting ropes, but since this invention was developed in secret, the enemy had no chance to prepare anything like it. It all has proved extremely effective: in a series of naval engagements Agrippa annihilated the fleet of Sextus, forced him to abandon his bases and run away. For this Agrippa was awarded an unprecedented honour that no Roman before or after him received: a rostral crown, "corona rostrata", a wreath decorated in front by a prow and beak of a ship.

That's why Virgil (Aeneid VIII, 683-684), describing Agrippa at Actium, says: "…belli insigne superbum, tempora navali fulgent rostrata corona." "…the proud military decoration, gleams on his brow the naval rostral crown". Actium, the decisive battle between forces of Octavian and Mark Antony, may appear boring compared to the war with Sextus, but it probably turned out this way due to Agrippa's victories in preliminary naval engagements and taking over all the strategy from Octavian.

In between the wars Agrippa has shown an unusual talent in city planning, not only constructing many new public buildings etc., but also greatly improving Rome's sanitation by doing a complete overhaul of all the aqueducts and sewers. Typically, it was Augustus who later would boast that "he had found the city of brick but left it of marble", forgetting that, just like in his naval successes, it was Agrippa who did most of the work. Agrippa had building programs in other Roman cities as well, a magnificent temple (currently known as Maison Carrée) survives in Nîmes itself, which was probably built by Agrippa.

Later relationship between Augustus and Agrippa seemed colder for a while, Agrippa seemed to even go into "exile", but modern historians agree that it was just a ploy: Augustus wanted others to think that Agrippa was his "rival" while in truth he was keeping a significant army far away from Rome, ready to come to the rescue in case Augustus' political machinations fail. It is confirmed by the fact that later Agrippa was recalled and given authority almost equal to Augustus himself, not to mention that he married Augustus' only biological child. The last years of Agrippa's life were spent governing the eastern provinces, were he won respect even of the Jews. He also restored Crimea to Roman Empire. His last service was starting the conquest of the upper Danube, were later the province of Pannonia would be. He suddenly died of illness in 12 BC, aged ~51.

Agrippa had several children through his three marriages. Through some of his children, Agrippa would become ancestor to many subsequent members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He has numerous other legacies.
Yurii P
107-1a-NAC61.jpg
"C" Denarius, Crawford 107/1a - My favorite Coin26 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 209-208 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with splayed visor; “X” behind; Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; Above, “C”; in linear frame, “ROMA”.
Mint: Etruia(?)
Weight: 4.44 gm.
Reference: Crawford 107/1a
Provenance: NAC 61; 25-OCT-2011, Privately purchased by RBW from CNG in 1989


Comments: This is one of my favorite coins. It is not high grade, neither the obverse nor the reverse is well centered. The dioscuri are really just blobs, and this coin would be overlooked in any sale but the NAC 61 sale of RBW’s finest and rarest coins, perhaps the greatest Roman Republican auction of our generation. Nevertheless, the coin has a lovely tone and a style that is very characteristic of this issue which is quite rare.

Unique to this variety and the related staff issue, are the braided locks extending from the helmet to the hair binding. The stars are simple dots above the dioscuri, and ROMA is cut into the die with very large letters with a very fine line tool. There has been much speculation on the significance of the “C” insignia, but few with any real merit.
1 commentsSteve B5
107-1b-Naville-6-6-2015-wht.jpg
"C", larger head, Denarius, Crawford 107/1b17 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 209-208 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with splayed visor; “X” behind; Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; above, “C” symbol; in linear frame, “ROMA”.
Mint: Etruria(?)
Weight: 4.32 gm.
Reference: Crawford 107/1b
Provenance: Naville auction, 7-MAY-2017

Comments:
This type with a “C” symbol is of the same fundamental style as the staff symbol 106/3c. presumably both issues from the same mint. The type is somewhat scarce, but the most common of the three other “C” sub-varieties.
Near complete on a large flan, GVF.
Steve B5
149.jpg
"EVMENEΩN" and "ΦIΛΩNIΔOY" (monograms to be read as)182 viewsPHRYGIA. Eumeneia. Fulvia. Æ 19. Ca. 41-40 B.C. Obv: Draped bust of Fulvia as winged Nike r.; 2 cm’s, (1) on head, (2) above head. Rev: (ΦYΛOYIANΩN) to right, ΣMEPTOPIΓ(OΣ)/(ΦIΛΩNIΔOY) in 2 lines to l. Athena adv. l., hld. spear and shield. Ref: BMC 20-21 (?); RPC 3139 (7 pcs). Axis: 330°. Weight: 6.84 g. Magistrate: Zmertorigos Philopatris. Note: Eumeneia changed its name to Fulvia on the occasion of Mark Antony's journey to the east in 41 B.C., likely propmting the issue of coins. After Fulvia died the city took back its old name. On BMC 21 the ethnic "ΦYΛOVIANΩN" may be purposefully erased, which also seems to be the case on this specimen! Both coins are countermarked, and the cm's may be read "EVMENEΩN" and "ΦIΛΩNIΔOY". The purpose of countermarking in combination with the erasure of the city name, thus, seems to have been to make note of second name change. CM(1): Monogram of EVMNO (?), in circ. punch, 4 mm. CM(2): Monogram of ΦIΛNΔ (?), in circ. punch, 3.5 mm. Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
HuoQuan.jpg
"Huo Quan" of Usurper Wang Mang (Xin Dynasty)11 viewsEmperor Wang Mang

Two large Chinese characters – Huo Quan ("spring of goods"), rim around the central hole, small raised outside rim.

Blank. 17.5mm, 1.04 grams. Hartill #9.65
Belisarius
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"Obol" As of Marcus Aurelius117 viewsThis as of Marcus Aurleius with reverse of Providentia holding wand over globe has a layer of thick blue crystals on both sides. Many believe that this kind of patina comes from contact with the dead and such coins are therefore know as "obol" coins from the practice of placing payment for the afterlife in the deceased's mouth. It is not certain if there is any truth to these rumours. When coins, like this one, come from ploughed field contexts it is impossible to determine what their original deposition context was. 2 commentsotlichnik
86A_1.jpg
"Q" Quinarius, RRC 86A/122 viewsDenomination: Quinarius
Era: c. 211 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with splayed visor. Hair curl visible on far side of Roma’s neck. Behind, “V”. Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; “ROMA” in exergue. “Q” symbol below horses
Mint: S. E. Italy
Weight: 2.11 gm.
Reference: Crawford 86A/1
Provenance: Nomisma E-Live Auction 12, October 2, 2019, Lot 2034

Comments: “Q” symbol quinarius, Not to be confused with the more common Crawford 102/2 Q quinarius varieties. Very scarce, 6 examples in ACSearch at this writing.

Glossy jet black patina(?) Some reverse corrosion, otherwise GVF.
3 commentsSteve B5
opium weights.jpg
'Opium weights'87 viewsSet of five hintha bird weights (a Brahmani Duck (Hamsa) emblem of the Mon kingdom with duck’s bill, crested comb, bulging eyes, side wings and upturned tail standing with 2 legs and rear post on a tapered hexagonal base with serrated edge). These are sometimes referred to as cock weights or opium weights. The bases are hexagonal - probably from Burma or surrounding The lighest one is 15g and they double up from there

Likely late 18th or early 19th century

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
hadrianserpent.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN47 views117 - 138 AD
Struck 138 AD
BILLON TETRADRACHM 12.78 g
O: HEAD OF HADRIAN, RIGHT
R: AGATHODAEMON SERPENT ERECT, RIGHT, WEARING SKHENT AND SUPPORTING A WINGED CADUCEUS IN ITS FOLD
MILNE 946 (year 4)
ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN EGYPT
(ex Aegean Numismatics)
laney
hadrian_agath.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN38 views117 - 138 AD
Struck 138 AD
BILLON TETRADRACHM 12.78 g
O: HEAD OF HADRIAN, RIGHT
R: AGATHADAEMON SERPENT ERECT, RIGHT, WEARING SKHENT AND SUPPORTING A WINGED CADUCEUS IN ITS FOLD
MILNE 946 (year 4)
ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN EGYPT
(ex Aegean Numismatics)
laney
commodus.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS11 views177-192 AD
AE 18 mm, 3.3 g
O: [ ] C KOMODO Laureate head r.
R: [ ] PROC ICTRON Homonoia in long garment and mantle, wearing kalathos(?), standing left with cornucopia and holding patera over burning altar
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum; Varbanov (engl.) 2166c, Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.10.36.1, not in AMNGb
(RPC lists this as 10522, incorrectly identifying rev. as Tyche holding rudder and cornucopia)
laney
commodus_crescent.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS -- MESOPOTAMIA, CARRHAE77 views177 - 192 AD
AE 22 mm 6.64 g
O: AVT K MANTWK[?]OCCEE (legend counterclockwise)
Commodus, Bust R
R: AVPHΛIΩN KAPPHN ΦIΛΩPΩM [AIΩN…]
Crescent, fillets tied in bows below
(no longer in collection)
UNRECORDED
laney
commodus_phil_shewolf_B.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--PHILIPPOPOLIS26 views177 - 192 AD
AE 20 mm 4.7 g
O: Laureate, draped bust right
R: She-wolf, right, suckling twins Romulus and Remus
Philippopolis
laney
sept_sev_nik_river_god_res.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS29 views193 - 211 AD
AE 27 mm 10,50 g
O: ΑΥ Κ Λ CΕΠ CΕΥΗΡΟC Π Laureate head right
R: [ΥΠ ΑΥΡ] ΓΑΛΛΟΥ ΝΕΙΚ[ΟΠ ΠΡΟ]C ΙC, Bearded River-god reclining left, right hand outstretched toward tree, left arm resting on urn from which river waters flow
Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior; cf Varbanov 2616, rare (R5)
laney
septim_kybele_mark.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS43 viewsAE27 mm; 10.4 g
AVK L CEP CECHPOC, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: VP FL OVLPIANOV MARKIANOPOLITWN, Cybele, kalathos on head, holding patera in right hand, resting left elbow on drum and seated left on throne with two uprights, lions beside her to left and right
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; AMNG 565
d.s.
laney
septimius_nikop_homonoia_b.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS14 views193-211 AD
AE 17.9 mm, 2.89 g
O: AV KAI CE - CEVHROC laureate head right
R: NIKOPOLI - T PROC TRO Homonoia in long garment and mantle, wearing kalathos, standing left holding cornucopiae in left arm and pateran in outstretched right hand
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum; cf AMNG I/1, 1397 var; Varbanov (engl.) 2386; Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. 8.14.36.13
laney
septim_nik_herak_patera_club_skin.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS15 views193-211 AD
AE 19 mm, 3.19 g
O: AVK - [CEVHROC] Laureate head right
R:NIKOPOL - I PROC ICT Herakles, standing facing with head left holding club and lion-skin in left arm and patera in outstretched right hand
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum; ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1388 (1 ex., Paris); Varbanov (engl.) 2297; Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. 8.14.14.23
Rare type with Herakles holding patera
laney
septimius_eagle.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS12 views193 - 211 AD
AE 26 mm, 8.86 g
O: Laureate draped bust right
R: Eagle standing facing on thunderbolt, head left with wreath in its beak
Thrace, Anchialus; Moushmov 2832.
laney
septimius_kybele_markianop.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS13 views193-211 AD
AE 26 mm max., 9.16 g
O: AVK L CEP CECHPOC, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: VP FL OVLPIANOV MARKIANOPOLITWN, Cybele, kalathos on head, holding patera in right hand, resting left elbow on drum and seated left on throne with two uprights, lions beside her to left and right
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; AMNG 565
laney
septim_dancers.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS (Corybantes rev.)23 views193 - 211 AD
AE 27 mm; 10.2 g
O: AY K L CEP - CEYHROS Laureate draped bust right
R: MESAMBR - IA[NWN] Two Corybantes performing Pyrrhic dance, holding shield above their helmeted heads and short swords.
Thrace, Mesembria; cf Karayotov Vol. II, Plate CXXXII 19 and 20
note: Karayotov only lists two example from the same pair of dies:
19) Coll. of Metodi Minchev, Burgas
20) Varna, AM, II 19652; Lazarenko 2003, p. 76 Fig 2. (Lazarenko is a reference in a Bulgarian language numismatic journal)
laney
septim_diony_retrograde_leg_b.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS (Retrograde Reverse Legend)25 views193-211 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.41 g
(struck under governor Aurelius Gallus)
O: [AV KL] CEP - CEVHRO[C P] Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
R: VP AVR GALL - OV NIKOPOLIT / PROC I (retrograde, beginning at 5 o'clock, counterclockwise)
Dionysos, nude, wearing boots, standing left, resting with raised left hand on thyrsos, lowered right hand holding kantharos and pouring
wine
ref. a) not in AMNG
obv. AMNG I/1, 1304
rev. legend not in AMNG
AMNG I/1, 1306 (depiction)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. 8.14.8.8
d) Blancon list 43, 2003
Nikocopolis ad Istrum; very rare
(one of the rare coins with retrograde legend)
laney
unk_prov_06resb.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA29 views198 - 217 AD
AE 16 mm; 2.94 g
O. Laureate head of Caracalla, right.
R: Hermes, nude except chlamys standing facing, head left, holding purse in his outstretched right and kerykeion (caduceus) in left arm.
Syria (Coele-Syria), Heliopolis (Baalbek)
cf. SNG Cop. 430
laney
carac_nik_eagle_altar_stds.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA17 views198 - 217 AD
AE 25 mm; 8.65 g
O: AV K M AVP ANTWNINOC, laureate head right
R: UP AUR GALLOU NIKOPOLIT PROCI, eagle standing on altar between two military standards, wreath in its beak. .
Nikopolis ad Istrum (Magistrate Aurelius Gallus); Moushmov 1116
d.s.
laney
carac_basket_b.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA15 views198-217 AD
AE 17 mm, 3.99 g
O: Bust right
R: Basket of fruits
Moesia Inferior, Nicopolis ad Istrum
laney
caracalla_domna_conf_serapis.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA & JULIA DOMNA22 views198-217 AD
Æ 28 mm; 10.74 g
Struck 215 AD
(Quintilianus, consular legate)
O: Confronted busts of Caracalla right, laureate, and Julia Domna left, draped
R:Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing kalathos; Є (denomination mark) before.
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis; ref. Hristova & Jekov 6.19.6.4; Moushmov 476; AMNG 658 v.
laney
carac_julia_homon_markian.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA & JULIA DOMNA26 views198 - 217 AD
struck 211-217 AD
AE 28 mm, 11.60 g
O: Confronting busts of Caracalla and his mother Julia Domna
R: Homonoia standing left, holding cornucopia and sacrifcing from patera over flaming altar
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; AMNG 677 v.
laney
carh_cara_geta_b_res.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA AND GETA50 viewsca. 208 - 211 AD
AE 18.7mm, 4.45 g
O: confronted busts of laureate, draped, cuirassed Caracalla, on left: and bare-headed, draped Geta, on right.
R: star of eight rays within crescent, legend around crescent
Mesopotamia, Carrhae mint; cf. BMC p. 87, 45-8; SNG Cop -; Weber -; McClean -; very rare
laney
sep_car_temp_b_resb.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA and SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS 37 views198-217 AD
Struck ca. 208 AD (on the tenth anniversary of Caracalla's reign)
AE 23 mm; 10.04 g
O: [IMPP CAESS SEVER ANT AVGG], laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus, seen from behind, to left, facing bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla, seen from behind, to right. (confronted busts)
R: [DECENNALES ANTONINI COS III /] COL BER, tetrastyle temple, with stairs from front, containing Astarte facing, crowned by Nike standing on column.
Berytus, Phoenicia; cf BMC 70.122-71.129; Sear GIC 2302, SNG Righetti 2246. Rare
laney
pegasus1~0.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS26 viewsTIME OF AUGUSTUS (31 BC - 14 AD)
AE 17 mm 3.24 g
O: PEGASUS FLYING R
R: P AEBV / TIO SP F / C HEIO / PAMPH[I / [LO]
(UNDER THE PREFECTS P. AEBUTIUS SP F AND C. HEIUS PAMPHILUS)
Corinth, (Amandry IX D1 R1) RARE
laney
mac_diad_snake~0.jpg
(0217) MACRINUS & DIADUMENIAN51 viewsAE 26.5 mm, 10.790 g
11 APRIL 217 - 8 JUNE 218 AD
O: AYKOPPEL CEYH MAKPEINOC K MOPPEA ANTWNEINOC
LAUR HEAD OF MACRINUS R FACING BARE-HEAD OF DIADUMENIAN L (confronted busts)
R:YPPONTIANOY MARKIANOPOLEITWN
SNAKE IN FOUR COILS WITH HEAD ERECT, E LEFT
Hristova/Jekov No.6.24.22.1
MARCIANOPOLIS MINT, VARBANOV VOL I p.144, 1214; SNG COP 226
laney
mac_dia.jpg
(0217) MACRINUS AND DIADUMENIAN44 views217 - 218 AD
AE PENTASSARION 27 mm 12.62 g
O: AYKMOPEA MAKREINOC KM OPEA ANTWNEINOC
LAUREATE HEAD OF MACRINUS R FACING BARE-HEAD OF DIADUMENIAN L (confronted busts)
R: VR PONTIANOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, "E" IN LEFT FIELD
SERAPIS STANDING LEFT HOLDING SCEPTER
MARKIANOPOLIS
laney
elagabal_pan_2C.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS45 views218 - 222 AD
AE 26.5 mm 9.24 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: Pan, with horns and legs of a goat, standing left, looking right, holding pedum and syrinx; left foot on panther lying on its back.
MOESIA INFERIOR, Nicopolis ad Istrum AMNG 1933
laney
elagabal_antioch_blk_ewa.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS25 views218 - 222 AD
AE 16 mm, 3.01 g
O: Radiate, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind
R: Large SC, K above, A below; all within plain circle surrounded by laurel wreath of eight elements, with wreath fastened at top with garland.
Mcalee 798 (otherwise apparently unpublished); extremely rare.
Syria, Antioch
laney
elagabal_pan_pelle.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS22 views218 - 222 AD
AE 26.5 mm 9.24 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: Pan, with horns and legs of a goat, standing left, looking right, holding pedum and syrinx; left foot on panther lying on its back.
MOESIA INFERIOR, Nicopolis ad Istrum AMNG 1933
laney
elag_maesa_dionys.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & JULIA MAESA31 views218 - 225 AD
Æ 5 Assaria. 26 mm; 8.99 g
O: Confronted busts of Elagabalus and Julia Maesa
R: Dionysos standing left, holding thyrsus and pouring wine from kantharos; E in right field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis (Marcianopolis)
Varbanov 1623; Pick 953
laney
elagab_maesa_bon_event.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & Julia Maesa35 views218 – 222 AD
AE 23 mm, 9 g
O: Confronted busts of Elagabalus and Julia Maesa
R: Naked Bonus Eventus standing left holding patera in right hand and two grain ears in left hand; in left field retrograde E /WN in ligature.
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis (Marcianopolis);
AMNG 949; not in Hristova/Jekov (2014), not in Pfeiffer (2013)
[reverse is described in AMNG 949 as: "Genius (Bonus Eventus")]
laney
elagab_maesa_hermes_mark.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & JULIA MAESA43 views218 - 222 AD
AE Pentassarion 27 mm, 11.85 g
(Julius Antonius Seleucus, consular legate)
O: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ.
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Elagabal right, facing draped bust of Julia Maesa left. (confronted busts)
d.s.
R: YΠ IOYΛ ANT CEΛEYKOY MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN.
Hermes standing left, holding purse and caduceus, resting with elbow on column; E in right field.
MOESIA INFERIOR. Marcianopolis; cf. Varbanov 1612
d.s.
1 commentslaney
elagab_maesa_bonus_eventus_r.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & Julia Maesa9 views218 – 222 AD
AE 28 mm, 13.18 g
O: Confronted busts of Elagabalus and Julia Maesa
R: Naked Bonus Eventus standing left holding patera in right hand and two grain ears in left hand;
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis (Marcianopolis); ?retrograde E to left?
cf AMNG 949 [reverse is described in AMNG 949 as: "Genius (Bonus Eventus")]
laney
elagab_maesa_zeus_r.jpg
(0218) Elagabalus, with Julia Maesa11 viewsAD 218-222. (Julius Antonius Seleucus, legatus consularis)
AE Pentassarian 27 mm, 8.95 g
O: Confronted busts of Elagabalus right, laureate, draped, and cuirassed, and Maesa left, draped and wearing stephane
R: Zeus standing left, holding patera and scepter; E (mark of value) to right.
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. ref. a) AMNG I/1, 936
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1642
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.28.1.2 var. (E in right field)
laney
tyre_stags_pygmal_b.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS--Tyre21 views218 – 222 AD
AE 28mm, 9.73g
O: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: Nude male figure (probably representing King Pygmalion of Tyre=Pu'mayatton, 831-785 BC) advancing left, chlamys over extended right arm, holding transverse spear and shield(?) in raised left hand ; behind him at right, 4 stags leaping right; star above; murex shell below
Phoenicia, Tyre (Tyros);
ref. Rouvier VII, p.80, 2388; BMC Phoenicia p.277, 408; Babelon ("Les Perses Achemenides")
2244; Mionnet V, 657; not in SNG Copenghagen, SNG UK, SNG Deutschland, SNG
Righetti, Lindgren; Rare
(thank you to Jochen for details)
laney
sev_alex_julia_maes.jpg
(0218) JULIA MAESA (WITH SEVERUS ALEXANDER)44 views(sister of Julia Domna; mother of Julia Soaemias; grandmother of Elegabalus and Severus Alexander)
222 - 235 AD
AE PENTASSARION 25.5 mm 10.85 g
O: AVT K M AVP CEVH
CONFRONTED BUSTS OF SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA
R: VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, "E" IN RIGHT FIELD
HOMONIA STANDING LEFT HOLDING PATERA AND CORNUCOPIA
MARKIANOPOLIS
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sev_alex_caesarea_ad_libanum.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER26 viewsIssued 221-222 AD (as Caesar, struck under Elagabalus)
AE 23 mm; 9.93 g
O: Radiate head right
R: Tetrastyle tripartite temple of Astarte; Astarte stands in middle section, facing, holding standard in right hand with left foot set on prow; Nike stands on cippus to Astarte's right, crowning her; river god beneath, swimming right; outside staircases lead to the side-wings; in the left wing goddess with kalathos stands facing between two animals; in the right wing female figure stands facing.
BMC 110, 9; Lindgren II, 1321, 2288 (Rare)
Phoenicia, Caesarea ad Libanum
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sev_alex_mamaea_hera.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER & JULIA MAESA8 views222-235 AD
(under governor Tiberius Julius Festus)
AE 26 mm max, 7.34 g
O: Confronted busts of Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea
R: Hera standing head left holding patera and long scepter; E in left field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis
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sev_alex_julia_maes_resized.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA60 views222 - 235 AD
AE PENTASSARION 25.5 mm 10.85 g
O: AVT K M AVP CEVH
CONFRONTED BUSTS OF SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA
R: VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, "E" IN RIGHT FIELD
HOMONOIA STANDING LEFT HOLDING PATERA AND CORNUCOPIA
MARKIANOPOLIS
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sev_julia.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA58 views222 - 235 AD
AE 25 mm 9.68 g
O: CONFRONTING BUSTS OF SEV. ALEX. AND JUL. MAES.
R: CONCORDIA STANDING L HOLDING PATERA AND CORNCOPIA, "E" TO LEFT
MARKIANOPOLIS
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normal_sev_alex_julia_maes_resizedblk.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA41 views222 - 235 AD
AE PENTASSARION 25.5 mm 10.85 g
O: AVT K M AVP CEVH
CONFRONTED BUSTS OF SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA
R: VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, "E" IN RIGHT FIELD
HOMONOIA STANDING LEFT HOLDING PATERA AND CORNUCOPIA
MARKIANOPOLIS
1 commentslaney
sev_alex_maesa_homon_mar_a_r.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA10 views222 - 235 AD
AE PENTASSARION 27.5 mm, 9.38 g
O: CONFRONTED BUSTS OF SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA
R: VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, "E" IN RIGHT FIELD. HOMONOIA STANDING LEFT HOLDING PATERA AND CORNUCOPIA
Moesia Inferior, MARKIANOPOLIS
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sev_alex_mam_demeter_markian.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER and JULIA MAMAEA27 views222-235 AD
AE 26 mm; 10.64 g
O: Confronting busts of Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea
R:Draped figure of Demeter standing left, holding ears of corn and long torch, E to right.
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; Moushmov 739
d.s.
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gord_tranq_serap_b.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III29 views238 - 244 AD
Gordian III and Tranquillina
Æ Pentassarion 27 mm; 12.27 g
O: AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC AVG TPANKVLLINA CAB, draped confronted busts
R: UP TERTULLIANOU MARKIANOPOLITWN, Serapis seated left, reaching out toward three-headed dog Cerberus at foot left, holding sceptre, E in left field.
Magistrate Tertullianus
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; Varbanov 2042; Pick 1175; Moushmov 838
d.s.
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gord_serap_cerb_b.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III28 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm max; 10.15 g
O: AVT M ANT GORDIANOC/AVG Confronted busts of Gordian and Theos Megas, with kalathos and cornucopia at shoulder
R: ODHC-CEITW-N Hades-Serapis seated left holding scepter, with hand extended toward Cerberos at left foot; E in left field
Moesia Inferior, Odessos
AMNG 2329 var
d.s.
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gordian_serap_ascl.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III20 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.98 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III, facing bust of Serapis. (confronted busts)
R: Asklepios standing facing, head left, holding serpent-entwined staff; E in right field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; cf Varbanov 1954 var.
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gordian_serapis_asclep_mark_c.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III13 views238 - 244 AD
AE 28 mm, 10.65 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III, facing bust of Serapis. (confronted busts)
R: Asklepios standing facing, head left, holding serpent-entwined staff; E in right field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; cf Varbanov 1954 var.
laney
gord_shewolf_b.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III29 views(0238) GORDIAN III
238 - 244 AD
AE 23 mm 7.1 g
O: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG Radiate, draped bust right
R: COL F L PAC DEVLT She-wolf, right, suckling twins DEVLT in exe.
Deultum
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gord_tranq_zeus.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III14 viewsGORDIAN III (with Tranquillina)
238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.47 g
O: AVT KM ANT GORDIANOC AVG CE (VG ligate); TRANKVK / LEINA in 2 liines in exe, WN legate. Confronted busts of Gordian III and Tranquillina
R:.VP TERTVLLIANOV MARKIANOPO LIT; in right field WN; E in left field. Serapis standing, in kalathos, left hand extended upward, scepter in left hand.
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; AMNG I/1 1174. Rare
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gord_serap_confr.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III13 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27.5 mm, 10.22 g
O: Confronted draped busts of Gordian III and Serapis
R: Herakles standing facing, nude, holding club, lion's skin and Apples of the Hesperides. T/W in right field; E in left field.
Moesia, Markianopolis; cf Pick 1151; Varbanov 1987
laney
gordian_tranq_demeter.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III (with Tranquillina)17 views238 - 244 AD
AE 25.5 mm; 11.44 g
O: AYT K M ANT ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC AVΓ CAB / TRANKVΛΛINA. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian right vis-a-vis diademed and draped bust of Tranquillina left. (confronted busts)
R: OYLΠIANΩN AΓXIALEΩN. Demeter standing facing, head left, holding grain ears and long torch.
THRACE. Anchialus; cf Varbanov 682 - 684
d.s.
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gord_serapes_aescl.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III -- MARKIANOPOLIS77 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm 13.54 g
O: M ANT GORDIANOS AVG
LAUR DR CUIR BUST OF GORDIAN R, FACING DR BUST OF SERAPIS WEARING KALATHOS L (confronted busts)
R: VII MHNOFILOV MARKIANOPOLITWN AESKLEPIOS STANDING L HOLDING SNAKE-ENTWINED STAFF. E IN LEFT FIELD
MARKIANOPOLIS (LEGATE TULLIUS MENOPHILUS)
MOUSHMOV 789; Hristova/Jekov No. 6.37.20.3
2 commentslaney
gord_trank.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III AND TRANQUILLINA43 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm 10 53 g
O: AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC AVG CEB TPANKVLLINA,
confronted busts of Gordian & Tranquillina
R: OVLPIANWN AGCIALEWN,
Homonoia standing left holding patera & cornucopiae.
Thrace, Anchialus
Moushmov 2948
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gordian_serap_ascl_odess_27_10_71.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III--Odessos23 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.71 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian right vis-a-vis draped bust of Serapis left, wearing Kalathos and holding cornucopia. (confronted busts)
R: Asklepios standing facing, head left, holding serpent-entwined staff; E in right field.
Moesia Inferior, Odessos mint; Varbanov 4462 var.
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hostilian_vim_b.jpg
(0250) HOSTILIAN16 views250 - 251 AD
struck 251 AD
AE 25.5 mm, 11.50 g
O: C VAL HOST M QVINTVS CAE, bareheaded, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: P M S COL VIM Moesia standing facing, head left, with hands outstretched; to left, bull standing facing right; to right, lion standing facing left; AN XII in exergue (mostly off flan).
Moesia Superior, Viminacium
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gallien_heliop_blkres.jpg
(0253) GALLIENUS31 views253-268 AD
AE 26 X 29 mm, 12.30 g
O: IMP CAES P LIC GALLIENVS AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right
R: COL IVL AVG FEL HE, three agonistic urns containing palm branches, CERTSACR CAP OECV ISE HEL in three lines in exe
Coele-Syria, Heliopolis SNG COP. 441
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quietus_a.jpg
(0260) QUIETUS17 views260 - 261 AD
Billon antoninianus 4.576g, 20.6mm max.
O:IMP C FVL QVIETVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated left on shield, holding Victory in right and scepter in left, two dots in exergue;
Antioch mint; RSC IV 11b, RIC V 9, rare (R2)
(ex Forum)
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aurel_oriens_capt_left_res.jpg
(0270) AURELIAN17 views270 - 275 AD
AE 22X24 mm 3.88 g
O: AVRELIANVS AVG radiate cuirassed bust right
R: ORIENS AVG Sol standing left holding globe in outstretched hand, captive at feet
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tacitus_alexandria_res.jpg
(0275) TACITUS--ALEXANDRIA29 views275 - 276 AD
Potin Tetradrachm 21 mm 7.03 g
Obverse: A K KL TAKITOC CEB, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Reverse: ETOYC-A (year 1)across fields, eagle standing left, head right, with wreath in its beak.
ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN EGYPT
Milne 4502 / Dattari 551
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maximian_ii_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS32 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
Struck 302 - 303 AD
AE Follis 27 mm 7.67 g
O: IMP C MA MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate bust right
R: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera & cornucopia; G to right; TS in ex
Thessalonica RIC 23b
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maximianus_10_07.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS31 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
AE 20 mm 2.62 g
O: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed.
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM - Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Maximianus, Gamma between
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const_chlor_post.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS (POSTHUMOUS)31 viewsAugustus: 305 - 306 AD
struck ca.
AE Fractional 15.5 mm 1.73 g
O: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINCIPI , laureate veiled bust right
R: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM , Constantius I seated left on curule chair
Dot TS Dot B Dot in exe
Thessalonica
RIC VII 25 a
Note: unlisted in RIC, which does not include officinae B (or A or D; the listed officinae are Rare (R5)
laney
constantine_i_vot_1~0.jpg
(0306) CONSTANTINE I (THE GREAT)77 viewsCaesar 306-307 AD; Filius Augustorum 307-309 AD; Augustus 309-337 AD
AE 19 mm 3.25 g
OBV: CONSTANTINVS AVG
LAUR HEAD R
REV: DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG AROUND LAUREL WREATH, VOT DOT DOT XX WITHIN, IN 4 LINES
TSAVI IN EXE
THESSALONICA
2 commentslaney
maxentius_temple_res.jpg
(0306) MAXENTIUS20 views306 - 312 AD
AE Follis 24 mm, 4.05 g
O: IMP C MAXENTIVS PF AVG, laureate head right
R: CONSERV VRB SVAE, Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, holding globe and sceptre, shield at side, dots in pediment
Rome
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maxentius_conserv.jpg
(0306) MAXENTIUS19 views306-312 AD
Struck 307-308 AD
AE Follis. 26.6 mm max. 6.71 g
O: IMP C MAXENTIVS PF AVG, laureate head right
R: CONSERV-VRB SVAE, Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, holding globe and sceptre, shield at side, Victories as acroteria, wreath in pediment above row of dots, H in left field. Mintmark RQ.
Rome; RIC 202a; Sear 14986.
1 commentslaney
LICINIUS_I_CAMPGATE.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I20 views308 - 324 AD
Silvered AE 18.5 mm 2.56 g
O: IMP LICINIVS AVG. laur dr cuir bust left with globe and mappa
R: PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, city gate, 3 turrets, HTD in exe
Heraclea
RIC 15
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LICINIUS_IOVI_WREATH_B.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I28 views308 - 324 AD
AE 24 mm 3.5 g
O: IMP C VAL LIC LICINIVS PF AVG, laur head right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI, B in right field, Jupiter standing left holding globe and scepter, wreath at feet
SM Dot TS Dot in exe
Thessalonica
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licinius_iovi.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I22 views308 - 324 AD
Struck ca. 312 AD
AE Follis, 24 mm, 4.61 g
O: IMP C VAL LIC LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate head right
R: IOVI CONSE-RVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding globe and sceptre. Left field: wreath. Right field: Officina letter D. SMTS in exe.,
Thessalonica, RIC VI 49
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licinius_genio.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I22 views308 - 324 AD
AE FOLLIS 23.5 mm 5.56 g
O: VAL LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right
R: GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius standing left, holding cornucopiae and patera, star in left field and B in right, .SM.TS. in exergue.
THESSALONICA RIC VII 30b
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LICINIUS_IOVI_RES.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I19 views308 - 324 AD
Struck 313 - 315
AE 22.5 mm 3.09 g
O: IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate head right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left with victory & scepter, eagle at foot with wreath in its beak, A to right, SIS in exergue
SISCIA MINT RIC VII Siscia 8

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max_ii_gen_2_res.jpg
(0309) MAXIMINUS II DAIA14 viewsCaesar 305-308; Filius Augustorum 308-309; Augustus 309-313
struck 308-309 AD
AE 24.5 mm 5.87 g
O: MAXIMINVS FIL AVGG laureate head right
R: GENIO CAESSARIS Genius standing left holding cornucopiae and patera; star in left field; D right field; SMTS in exe.
Thessalonica mint
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constantine_ii_gate.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)16 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
e 19 mm, 1.66 g
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
R: Campgate, six layers, two turrets, star above

laney
constantine_ii_cg_res.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)29 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
Struck 326-328 AD
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust left
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors and star above; SMTSD in exe
Thessalonica mint; RIC VII 157
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constantine_ii_gloria_thessalon.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)19 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16.5 mm; 1.83 g
O: CONSTANTIN[VS IVN] NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: GLORI-A EXER-CITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two
standards between them. SMTS_ in exe
Thessalonica mint


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CRISPUS_VOT_V.jpg
(0317) CRISPUS67 views317 - 326 AD
Struck 320 - 321 AD
AE Follis 19 mm 3.13 g
O: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate draped bust left
R: CAESARVM NOSTRORVM around wreath containing VOT V, TSDVI in ex.
Thessalonica
1 commentslaney
crispus_vot_2_res.jpg
(0317) CRISPUS19 views317 - 326 AD
Struck: 324 AD
AE 19 mm, 3.08 g
Obverse: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, Laureate draped cuirssed bust left
Reverse: CAESARVM NOSTRORVM around votive wreath inscribed VOT pellet X in 3 lines, TSΔVI in exergue
Thessalonica, RIC VII 125
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csts_ii_ft_rome_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II30 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm, 2.08 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman
Rome mint
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cssts_ii_ft_consa_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II27 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm max., 2.97 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; Dot to left of soldier; CONSA in exe.
Constantinople mint
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csts_ii_ft_scon_m_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II17 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16.5 mm, 2.21 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; M to left of soldier; SCON in exe.
Arles mint
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csts_ii_ft_g_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II30 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 21 mm, 4.30 g
O: Diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: Soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman;
Antioch mint
1 commentslaney
csts_ii_ft_cons_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II16 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 15.6 mm, 2.28 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; E in left field; CONSB in exe.
Constantinople mint
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csts_ii_ft_bsirm_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II26 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18.5 mm max., 2.02 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; BSIRM in exe.
Sirmium mint
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constantius_ii_victor_2_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II19 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 16 mm, 1.25 g
O: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed bust right
R: VICTORIAE D D AVGG QNN two Victories facing, holding wreaths, pellet between; SMTSA in exe
Thessalonica mint
laney
constantius_ii_victor_3_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II15 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 16 mm, 1.48 g
O: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed bust right
R: VICTORIAE D D AVGG QNN two Victories facing, holding wreaths, pellet between; SMTSE in exe
Thessalonica mint
laney
c_ii_ft_smtsres.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II29 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18.5 mm, 2.92 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO SOLDIER SPEARING FALLEN HORSEMAN, G to left of spear; SMTS in exe.
Thessalonica mint
laney
csts_ii_ft_rome_leaf_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II14 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18 mm, 1.96 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman
RP branch in exe.
Rome mint
laney
csts_ii_ft_gsis_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II16 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
laney
csts_ii_ft_bsis_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II15 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18.5 mm, 3.04g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; BSIS in exe
Siscia mint
laney
csts_ii_phoenix_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II15 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm, 2.23 g
O: bust right
R: radiate phoenix on globe
Constantinople mint
laney
csts_ii_gaye_smanth_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II16 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18 mm 3.13 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laureate draped cuirassed bust right
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS campgate with 2 turrets, star above; SMANTH in exe
Antioch mint
RIC 66 (VII); Officina H=8 (rare)
laney
csts_ii_ft_smts_e_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II16 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm, 2.04 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; E in left field; SMTS in exe.
Thessalonica mint
laney
csts_ii_ft_sm_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II18 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm, 2.57 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman
laney
csts_ii_ft_scon_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II20 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5mm 1.89 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; SCON in exe.
Arles mint
laney
csts_tt_ft_smts_d_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II16 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 15 X 17.5 mm, 2.24 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; D in left field; SMTS in exe.
Thessalonica mint
laney
csts_ii_ge_bsis_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II22 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm 1.55 g
O: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS two soldiers facing single chi-rho standard; BSIS in exe
Siscia mint
laney
csts_ii_ge_cons_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II21 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 15.28 mm, 1.21 g
O: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed head right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS two soldiers facing single standard,"o" on banners;
Constantinople mint
laney
csts_ii_ft_sisd_n_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II18 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5mm 2.45 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; M in left field; GSISD in exe.
RIC VIII Siscia 372
Siscia mint
laney
csts_ii_ft_smts_d_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II18 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 19 mm 2.05 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed draped cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier advancing left and spearing a fallen horseman; D in left field; SMTS in exe.
Thessalonica mint
laney
csts_ii_vict_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II27 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)AE 15 mm, 1.47 g
O: CONSTANTI-VS PF AVG laurel + rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN two Victories standing facing each other, each holding wreath & palm; pellet/NA" in center
Exerge: PARL
RIC VIII Arles 78
laney
csts_2_vot.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II15 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 16mm, 2.10 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed head right
R: VOT XX dot MVLT XXX in 3 lines within wreath; CONSG star in exe.
Constantinople mint; RIC VIII 76 (Gamma) rated Scarce
laney
constantius_ii_cg_5_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)14 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 19 X 21 mm, 2.76 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C diademed bust left
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS campgate with 6 rows, no dor; 2 turrets and star above; SMKA pellet in exe.
Cyzicus mint
laney
constantius_ii_cg_l_1_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)31 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 19.5 mm 2.62 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laureate draped bust left
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS campgate with 6 rows, 2 turrets, star above, pellet over doorway.
Trier mint

laney
constantius_ii_cg_r_1_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)13 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 18.5 mm 3.11 g
O: CONSTANTIVS NOB C bust right
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAE SS campgate, 7 rows with dots in top row; 2 turrets, no door, star above
laney
constantius_cg_r_6_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)16 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 18 mm, 1.81 g
O: F L IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Camp gate with two turrets, star between; 6 rows with pellets in top row; SMTSB in ex
Thessalonica mint
laney
constsantius_ii_ge_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)14 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm 2.48 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right.
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them, dot between standards
laney
FAUSTA.jpg
(0324) FAUSTA57 views(2nd wife of Constantine I; daughter of Maximian; mother of emperors Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans)
324 - 326 AD
AE 20.7 mm 2.86 g
O: FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG
DR BUST R, HAIR WAVED WITH BUN AT TACK, WEARING PEARL NECKLACE
R: SPES REIPVBLICAE
FAUSTA STANDING FACING, LOOKING L, HOLDING INFANTS CONSTANTINE II AND CONSTANTIUS II
SMK DELTA(?) IN EXE
RIC 50 SCARCE
laney
crispus_campgate.jpg
(0326) CRISPUS12 views326-327 AD
AE follis 19mm, 3.15g
O: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Campgate, two turrets, seven layers, star above,no doors, dot in doorway, SMANTZ in exe.
Antioch mint; RIC VII 72
laney
constans_victoriae_smtsb_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS15 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16 mm, 1.88 g
O: CONSTANS P F AVG Diademed draped bust right
R: VICTORIAE D D AVG G Q NN Two Victories facing, holding wreath and palm branches; upright branch between; SMTSB in exe.
Thessalonica mint
laney
constans_ge_smts_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS22 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm, 1.75 g
O: CONSTANS P F AVG laureate draped bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS twp soldiers, single standard between
Thessalonica mint
laney
delmatius_2_res.jpg
(0335) DELMATIUS31 views335 - 337 AD
AE 16.5 mm 1.64 g
O: FL DELMA TIVS NOB C Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA - EXERC-ITVS Two soldiers standing facing, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on shield, flanking a labarum (Christogram standard)
PCONST in ex
Arles mint
RIC VII 399; very scarce (RIC R3)
laney
csts2fel.jpg
(0337) CONSTANTIUS II16 views337 - 361 AD
AE 17.5 mm; 1.92 g
O: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen Phyrgian horseman who is reaching back' SMNG in exe.
Nicomedia mint
laney
csts_2_fel.jpg
(0337) CONSTANTIUS II18 views337 - 361 AD
AE 18 mm; 2.63 g
O: D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP - REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, pellet center; CONSB in exe
Constantinople mint
laney
c_g_smts.jpg
(0351) CONSTANTIUS GALLUS18 views351-354 AD
AE 18 mm; 2.29 g
O: DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES, Cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman to left, ε in left field, SMTS in exergue
Thessalonica mint
laney
nero_altar_b.jpg
(06) NERO19 views54 - 68 AD
AE 27 mm; 11.38 g
O: NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM PM TRP, laureate head left
R: S-C across fields, large altar with two doors and surmounted by ornaments, PROVIDENT in ex.
Balkan mint, possibly Perinthos
RIC (1923) 440; RPC 1761; Cohen 255; WCN p. 245, Moesia 2
laney
constans_ii_res.jpg
(0641) CONSTANS II41 views641-668 AD
AE Half Follis 18 mm; 4.10 g
O: Beardedbbust facing; wearing consular robes and crown with trefoil ornament, holding mappa and globus cruciger
R: Large cross dividing C-T and X-X; above cross, star between two pellets
CARTHAGE mint
laney
galba_diva_aug_b_res.jpg
(07) GALBA40 views68 - 69 AD
AR Denarius 3.15 g
O: IMP SER GALBA CAESAR AVG laureate head right
R: DIVA AVGVSTA Livia standing right, holding patera and scepter
Rome, RIC 186
1 commentslaney
romanus_iv_1.jpg
(1068) ROMANUS IV DIOGENES35 views1068 - 1071 AD
AE Follis 26.5 mm 3.42 g
o: Bust of Christ facing
R: C-R/P-Delta in quarters of cross, pellets at ends
laney
romanus_iv_2.jpg
(1068) ROMANUS IV DIOGENES21 views1068 - 1071 AD
AE Follis 27 mm 4.08 g
o: Bust of Christ facing
R: C-R/P-Delta in quarters of cross, pellets at ends
laney
titus_denarius_blk.jpg
(11) TITUS76 views79 - 81 AD
AR Denarius 19.18 mm, 3 g
O: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, Laureate head right
R: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VI, Slow quadriga left, containing ears of corn
RIC 12
(ex Ancient Imports)
2 commentslaney
titus_denar_b.jpg
(11) TITUS20 views79 - 81 AD
Struck 79/80 AD
AR Denarius 18 mm; 2.63 g
O: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M Laureate head right
R: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P Wreath on curule chair
Rome; RIC II 25a; RSC 318
laney
Janus119BCCrawford281_1.jpg
(500a) Roman Republic, 119 BC, M. Furius Philius - Furia 1881 viewsRoman Republic, 119 BC, M. Furius Philius - Furia 18. Crawford 281/1, Sydenham 529; 19mm, 3.23 grams. aVF, Rome; Obverse: laureate head of Janus, M FORVRI L F around; Reverse: Roma standing left erecting trophy, Galic arms around, PHLI in exergue. Ex Ephesus Numismatics.

Gauis Marius
As a novus homo, or new man, Marius found the rise in the Roman cursus honorum ( "course of honours"-- the sequential order of public offices held by aspiring politicians in the Roman Republic) a daunting challenge. It is certain that he used his old family client contacts and his military relations as a source of support. Among these contacts were the powerful Metelli family, and their early support was to prove to be a disaster for them. Just a few short years after his service as Quaestor, Marius was elected Tribune of the Plebes in 119 BC. In this position so soon after the political turmoil and murder of the Gracchi brothers (Gaius murdered 123 BC), Marius chose to follow the populares path, making a name for himself under similar auspices. As Tribune, he would ensure the animosity of the conservative faction of the Senate, and the Metelli, by passing popular laws forbidding the inspection of ballot boxes. In do doing, he directly opposed the powerful elite, who used ballot inspection as a way to intimidate voters in the citizen assembly elections.

Marius would go on to be elected Consul seven times and figure prominantly in the civil unrest of the early eighties as Lucius Cornelius Sulla's opponent. In 88 BC, Sulla had been elected Consul. There was now a choice before the Senate about which general to send to Asia (a potentially lucrative command): either Marius or Sulla. The Senate chose Sulla, but soon the Assembly appointed Marius. In this unsavory episode of low politics, Marius had been helped by the unscrupulous actions of Publius Sulpicius Rufus, whose debts Marius had promised to erase. Sulla refused to acknowledge the validity of the Assembly's action.

Sulla left Rome and traveled to "his"army waiting in Nola, the army the Senate had asked him to lead to Asia. Sulla urged his legions to defy the Assembly's orders and accept him as their rightful leader. Sulla was successful, and the legions murdered the representatives from the Assembly. Sulla then commanded six legions to march with him opon Rome and institute a civil war.

This was a momentous event, and was unforeseen by Marius, as no Roman army had ever marched upon Rome—it was forbidden by law and ancient tradition.

Sulla was to eventually rule Rome as Dictator. In his book Rubicon, historian Tom Holland argues that Sulla's actions had no lasting negative effect upon the health of the Republic, that Sulla was at heart a Republican. However, once a Roman general has defied Republican tradition, once a Roman general has used his command to combat fellow Romans, once a Roman general has set-up himself as Dictator--it follows that the decision to replicate these decsions (think: Caesar and Rubicon) is that much more easiely taken.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.





Cleisthenes
P.Licinius Nerva voting.jpg
(500a113) Roman Republic, P. Licinius Nerva, 113-112 B.C.86 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC: P. Licinius Nerva. AR denarius (3.93 gm). Rome, ca. 113-112 BC. Helmeted bust of Roma left, holding spear over right shoulder and shield on left arm, crescent above, * before, ROMA behind / P. NERVA, voting scene showing two citizens casting their ballots in the Comitium, one receiving a ballot from an attendant, the other dropping his ballot into a vessel at right. Crawford 292/1. RSC Licinia 7. RCTV 169. Nearly very fine. Ex Freeman and Sear.

Here is a denarius whose reverse device is one that celebrates the privilege and responsibility that is the foundation of a democratic society; it is a forerunner to the L. Cassius Longinus denarius of 63 B.C. Granted, humanity had a long road ahead toward egalitarianism when this coin was struck, but isn't it an interesting testimony to civil liberty's heritage? "The voter on the left (reverse) receives his voting tablet from an election officer. Horizontal lines in the background indicate the barrier separating every voting division from the others. Both voters go across narrow raised walks (pontes); this is intended to ensure that the voter is seen to cast his vote without influence" (Meier, Christian. Caesar: A Biography. Berlin: Severin and Siedler, 1982. Plate 12). This significant coin precedes the Longinus denarius by 50 years.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
2 commentsCleisthenes
Denarius91BC.jpg
(501i) Roman Republic, D. Junius L.f. Silanus, 91 B.C.58 viewsSilver denarius, Syd 646a, RSC Junia 16, S 225 var, Cr 337/3 var, VF, 3.718g, 18.6mm, 0o, Rome mint, 91 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, X (control letter) behind; reverse Victory in a biga right holding reins in both hands, V (control numeral) above, D•SILANVS / ROMA in ex; mint luster in recesses. Ex FORVM.

Although the coin itself does not commemorate the event, the date this coin was struck is historically significant.

MARCUS Livius DRUSUS (his father was the colleague of Gaius Gracchus in the tribuneship, 122 B.C.), became tribune of the people in 91 B.C. He was a thoroughgoing conservative, wealthy and generous, and a man of high integrity. With some of the more intelligent members of his party (such as Marcus Scaurus and L. Licinius Crassus the orator) he recognized the need of reform. At that time an agitation was going on for the transfer of the judicial functions from the equites to the senate; Drusus proposed as a compromise a measure which restored to the senate the office of judices, while its numbers were doubled by the admission of 300 equites. Further, a special commission was to be appointed to try and sentence all judices guilty of taking bribes.

The senate was hesitant; and the equites, whose occupation was threatened, offered the most violent opposition. In order, therefore, to catch the popular votes, Drusus proposed the establishment of colonies in Italy and Sicily, and an increased distribution of corn at a reduced rate. By help of these riders the bill was carried.

Drusus now sought a closer alliance with the Italians, promising them the long coveted boon of the Roman franchise. The senate broke out into open opposition. His laws were abrogated as informal, and each party armed its adherents for the civil struggle which was now inevitable. Drusus was stabbed one evening as he was returning home. His assassin was never discovered (http://62.1911encyclopedia.org/D/DR/DRUSUS_MARCUS_LIVIUS.htm).

The ensuing "Social War" (91-88 B.C.) would set the stage for the "Civil Wars" (88-87 & 82-81 B.C.) featuring, notably, Marius & Sulla; two men who would make significant impressions on the mind of a young Julius Caesar. Caesar would cross the Rubicon not thirty years later.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
LPisoFrugiDenarius_S235.jpg
(502a) Roman Republic, L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, 90 B.C.157 viewsSilver denarius, S 235, Calpurnia 11, Crawford 340/1, Syd 663a, VF, rainbow toning, Rome mint, 3.772g, 18.5mm, 180o, 90 B.C. obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, scorpion behind; Reverse naked horseman galloping right holding palm, L PISO FRVGI and control number CXI below; ex-CNA XV 6/5/91, #443. Ex FORVM.


A portion of the following text is a passage taken from the excellent article “The Calpurnii and Roman Family History: An Analysis of the Piso Frugi Coin in the Joel Handshu Collection at the College of Charleston,” by Chance W. Cook:

In the Roman world, particularly prior to the inception of the principate, moneyers were allotted a high degree of latitude to mint their coins as they saw fit. The tres viri monetales, the three men in charge of minting coins, who served one-year terms, often emblazoned their coins with an incredible variety of images and inscriptions reflecting the grandeur, history, and religion of Rome. Yet also prominent are references to personal or familial accomplishments; in this manner coins were also a means by which the tres viri monetales could honor their forbearers. Most obvious from an analysis of the Piso Frugi denarius is the respect and admiration that Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who minted the coin, had for his ancestors. For the images he selected for his dies relate directly to the lofty deeds performed by his Calpurnii forbearers in the century prior to his term as moneyer. The Calpurnii were present at many of the watershed events in the late Republic and had long distinguished themselves in serving the state, becoming an influential and well-respected family whose defense of traditional Roman values cannot be doubted.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who was moneyer in 90 B.C., depicted Apollo on the obverse and the galloping horseman on the reverse, as does his son Gaius. However, all of L. Piso Frugi’s coins have lettering similar to “L-PISO-FRVGI” on the reverse, quite disparate from his son Gaius’ derivations of “C-PISO-L-F-FRV.”

Moreover, C. Piso Frugi coins are noted as possessing “superior workmanship” to those produced by L. Piso Frugi.

The Frugi cognomen, which became hereditary, was first given to L. Calpurnius Piso, consul in 133 B.C., for his integrity and overall moral virtue. Cicero is noted as saying that frugal men possessed the three cardinal Stoic virtues of bravery, justice, and wisdom; indeed in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, a synonym of frugalitas is bonus, generically meaning “good” but also implying virtuous behavior. Gary Forsythe notes that Cicero would sometimes invoke L. Calpurnius Piso’s name at the beginning of speeches as “a paragon of moral rectitude” for his audience.

L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi’s inclusion of the laureled head of Apollo, essentially the same obverse die used by his son Gaius (c. 67 B.C.), was due to his family’s important role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares, the Games of Apollo, which were first instituted in 212 B.C. at the height of Hannibal’s invasion of Italy during the Second Punic War. By that time, Hannibal had crushed Roman armies at Cannae, seized Tarentum and was invading Campania.

Games had been used throughout Roman history as a means of allaying the fears
of the populace and distracting them from issues at hand; the Ludi Apollinares were no different. Forsythe follows the traditional interpretation that in 211 B.C., when C. Calpurnius Piso was praetor, he became the chief magistrate in Rome while both consuls were absent and the three other praetors were sent on military expeditions against Hannibal.

At this juncture, he put forth a motion in the Senate to make the Ludi Apollinares a yearly event, which was passed; the Ludi Apollinares did indeed become an important festival, eventually spanning eight days in the later Republic. However, this interpretation is debatable; H.H. Scullard suggests that the games were not made permanent until 208 B.C. after a severe plague prompted the Senate to make them a fixture on the calendar. The Senators believed Apollo would serve as a “healing god” for the people of Rome.

Nonetheless, the Calpurnii obviously believed their ancestor had played an integral role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares and thus prominently displayed
the head or bust of Apollo on the obverse of the coins they minted.

The meaning of the galloping horseman found on the reverse of the L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi coin is more complicated. It is possible that this is yet another reference to the Ludi Apollinares. Chariot races in the Circus Maximus were a major component of the games, along with animal hunts and theatrical performances.

A more intriguing possibility is that the horseman is a reference to C. Calpurnius Piso, son of the Calpurnius Piso who is said to have founded the Ludi Apollinares. This C. Calpurnius Piso was given a military command in 186 B.C. to quell a revolt in Spain. He was victorious, restoring order to the province and also gaining significant wealth in the process.

Upon his return to Rome in 184, he was granted a triumph by the Senate and eventually erected an arch on the Capitoline Hill celebrating his victory. Of course
the arch prominently displayed the Calpurnius name. Piso, however, was not an infantry commander; he led the cavalry.

The difficulty in accepting C. Calpurnius Piso’s victory in Spain as the impetus for the galloping horseman image is that not all of C. Piso Frugi’s coins depict the horseman or cavalryman carrying the palm, which is a symbol of victory. One is inclined to believe that the victory palm would be prominent in all of the coins minted by C. Piso Frugi (the son of L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi) if it indeed signified the great triumph of C. Calpurnius Piso in 186 B.C. Yet the palm’s appearance is clearly not a direct reference to military feats of C. Piso Frugi’s day. As noted, it is accepted that his coins were minted in 67 B.C.; in that year, the major victory by Roman forces was Pompey’s swift defeat of the pirates throughout the Mediterranean.

Chrestomathy: Annual Review of Undergraduate Research at the College of Charleston. Volume 1, 2002: pp. 1-10© 2002 by the College of Charleston, Charleston SC 29424, USA.All rights to be retained by the author.
http://www.cofc.edu/chrestomathy/vol1/cook.pdf


There are six (debatably seven) prominent Romans who have been known to posterity as Lucius Calpurnius Piso:

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: (d. 261 A.D.) a Roman usurper, whose existence is
questionable, based on the unreliable Historia Augusta.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus: deputy Roman Emperor, 10 January 69 to15 January
69, appointed by Galba.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 27 A.D.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 1 B.C., augur

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 15 B.C., pontifex

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus: Consul in 58 B.C. (the uncle of Julius Caesar)

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: Moneyer in 90 B.C. (our man)


All but one (or two--if you believe in the existence of "Frugi the usurper" ca. 261 A.D.) of these gentlemen lack the Frugi cognomen, indicating they are not from the same direct lineage as our moneyer, though all are Calpurnii.

Calpurnius Piso Frugi's massive issue was intended to support the war against the Marsic Confederation. The type has numerous variations and control marks.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucius_Calpurnius_Piso
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=55&pos=0

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


2 commentsCleisthenes
CnCorneliusLentulusMarcellinusARDenariusSear323.jpg
(503f) Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Silver Denarius87 viewsCn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Silver Denarius, Sear-323, Cr-393/1a, Syd-752, RSC-Cornelia 54, struck 76-75 BC at Spanish Mint, 3.94 grams, 18 mm. EF. Obverse: GPR above Diademed, draped and bearded bust of the Genius of the Roman People facing right, sceptre over shoulder; Reverse: EX in left field, SC in right field; CN LEN Q in exergue, Sceptre with wreath, terrestrial globe and rudder. An exceptional example that is especially well centered and struck on a slightly larger flan than normally encountered with fully lustrous surfaces and a most attractive irridescent antique toning. Held back from the Superb EF/FDC by a small banker's mark in the right obverse field, but still worthy of the finest collection of Roman Republican denarii. Ex Glenn Woods.

Re: CORNELIA 54:

“Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus may be the same moneyer whose issues have been already described (no.s 702-704). Mommsen suggested that these coins were struck in 74 B.C. as a special issue, authorized by the Senate, to defray the cost of armaments against Mithridates of Pontus and the Mediterranean pirates. But Grueber’s view that they were struck in 76 B.C. by Cn. Cornelius Lentulus acting in the capacity of quaestor of Pompey, seems more in accordance with the evidence of finds" (see: G. ii, p. 359n and The Coinage of the Roman Republic, by Edward A. Sydenham, 1976, pgs. 1).

H. A. Seaby shows the coin with the smaller head (Roman Silver Coins Vol. I, Republic to Augustus pg. 33) while David R Sear shows a coin sporting a larger version (Roman Coins and Their Values, pg. 132).

“Cn. Lentulus strikes in Spain in his capacity as quaestor to the proconsul Pompey, who had been sent to the peninsula to assist Q. Caecillus Metellus Piusagainst sertorius”(Roman Coins and Their Values, by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg. 132).

This is not an imperatorial minted coin for Pompey. At the time these coins were minted the Procounsel Pompey was sent to Spain to aid in the war against Sertorius. The moneyer Cn Lentulus served as his Quaestor where he continued to mint coins for Rome.

CN = Cneaus; LEN = Lentulus

Cneaus was his first name. His last, or family name is Lentulus and this clan is a lesser clan within the Cornelii, which is what his middle name of Cornelius implies.

Q = This tells us that he was a Quaestor, or Roman magistrate with judicial powers at the time when the coin was issued, with the responsibility for the treasury. Had this been a position that he once held it would be noted on the coin as PROQ or pro [past] Questor.

For Further Reading on the Cornelia 54 & 55:

Coins of the Roman Republic in the British Museum, by H. A. Grueber. London, 1910, Vol. II, pgs. 358, 359, 52, 57

Roman Silver Coins Vol. I, Republic to Augustus, by H.A.Seaby 1952, pgs. 32-33

The Coinage of the Roman Republic, by Edward A. Sydenham, 1976, pgs. 122, 241

Roman Coins and Their Values, by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg. 132, 133

Roman Republican Coinage Volume I by Michael H. Crawford 2001, pg. 407

by Jerry Edward Cornelius, April 2006, THE 81 ROMAN COINS OF THE CORNELIA
http://www.cornelius93.com/Cornelia54.html
1 commentsCleisthenes
LonginusDenarius.jpg
(504c) Roman Republic, L. Cassius Longinus, 63 B.C.68 viewsSilver denarius, Crawford 413/1, RSC I Cassia 10, SRCV I 364, aVF, struck with worn dies, Rome mint, weight 3.867g, maximum diameter 20.3mm, die axis 0o, c. 63 B.C. Obverse: veiled bust of Vesta left, kylix behind, L before; Reverse: LONGIN III V, voter standing left, dropping tablet inscribed V into a cista.

The reverse of this Longinus denarius captures a fascinating moment when a Roman citizen casts his ballot. "The abbreviation III V [ir] indentifies Longinus as one of the three annually appointed mintmasters (officially called tres viri aere argento auro flando feriundo). A citizen is seen casting his vote into the urn. On the ballot is the letter 'U', short for uti rogas, a conventional formula indicating assent to a motion. The picture alludes to the law, requested by an ancestor of the mintmaster, which introduced the secret ballot in most proceedings of the popular court" (Meier, Christian. Caesar, a Biography. Berlin: Severin and Siedler, 1982. Plate 6).

The date that this denarius was struck possesses unique significance for another reason. Marcus Tullius Cicero (politician, philosopher, orator, humanist) was elected consul for the year 63 BC -- the first man elected consul who had no consular ancestors in more than 30 years. A "new man," Cicero was not the descendant of a "patrician" family, nor was his family wealthy (although Cicero married "well"). Cicero literally made himself the man he was by the power of the words he spoke and the way in which he spoke them. A witness to and major player during the decline of the Roman Republic, Cicero was murdered in 43 BC by thugs working for Marc Antony. But Cicero proved impossible to efface.

Cicero's words became part of the bed rock of later Roman education. As Peter Heather notes, every educated young man in the late Roman Empire studied "a small number of literary texts under the guidance of an expert in language and literary interpretation, the grammarian. This occupied the individual for seven or more years from about the age of eight, and concentrated on just four authors: Vergil, Cicero, Sallust and Terence" (Heather, Peter. The Fall of the Roman Empire: A New History of Rome and the Barbarians. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. 17).


Plutarch: Cicero's Death

But in the meantime the assassins were come with a band of soldiers, Herennius, a centurion, and Popillius, a tribune, whom Cicero had formerly defended when prosecuted for the murder of his father. Finding the doors shut, they broke them open, and Cicero not appearing, and those within saying they knew not where he was, it is stated that a youth, who had been educated by Cicero in the liberal arts and sciences, an emancipated slave of his brother Quintus, Philologus by name, informed the tribune that the litter was on its way to the sea through the close and shady walks. The tribune, taking a few with him, ran to the place where he was to come out. And Cicero, perceiving Herennius running in the walks, commanded his servants to set down the litter; and stroking his chin, as he used to do, with his left hand, he looked steadfastly upon his murderers, his person covered with dust, his beard and hair untrimmed, and his face worn with his troubles. So that the greatest part of those that stood by covered their faces whilst Herennius slew him. And thus was he murdered, stretching forth his neck out of the litter, being now in his sixty-fourth year. Herennius cut off his head, and, by Antony's command, his hands also, by which his Philippics were written; for so Cicero styled those orations he wrote against Antony, and so they are called to this day.

When these members of Cicero were brought to Rome, Antony was holding an assembly for the choice of public officers; and when he heard it, and saw them, he cried out, "Now let there be an end of our proscriptions." He commanded his head and hands to be fastened up over the rostra, where the orators spoke; a sight which the Roman people shuddered to behold, and they believed they saw there, not the face of Cicero, but the image of Antony's own soul. And yet amidst these actions he did justice in one thing, by delivering up Philologus to Pomponia, the wife of Quintus; who, having got his body into her power, besides other grievous punishments, made him cut off his own flesh by pieces, and roast and eat it; for so some writers have related. But Tiro, Cicero's emancipated slave, has not so much as mentioned the treachery of Philologus.

Translation by John Dryden: http://intranet.grundel.nl/thinkquest/moord_cicero_plu.html

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
072~0.JPG
(610-641) Heraclius [Sear 871]8 viewsAR Half Siliqua, 0.70 gm. Carthage mint. Struck 617-641 AD. Crowned, draped, and cuirassed bust of Heraclius right / no legend, facing busts of Heraclius Constantine on left, wearing crown and chlamys, and Martina on right, wearing crown with long pendilia, and robes; cross between their heads, sometimes with four dots between their shoulders. DOC 233; MIB 149; SB 871.Ségusiaves
_T2eC16J,!)!FIcVeTMb)BSJhtPOzsw~~60_12.JPG
(613-632) Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine [Sear 886]18 viewsHeraclius and Heraclius Constantine, AE Decanummium, Catania mint. No legend, Heraclius, bearded on left and Heraclius Constantine, unbearded on right, crowned, draped and cuirassed busts facing, cross between their heads / Large I, ANNO to left, regnal year to right, mintmark CAT. SB 886, MIB 241.Ségusiaves
rjb_2011_09_09.jpg
(VII)29315 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS AVG
Diademed bust right
PROVIDENTIAE AVGG
Camp gate with two turrets, star between
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 293
mauseus
rjb_2010_11_01.jpg
(VII)29519 viewsCrispus
FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
Camp gate with two turrets, star between
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 295
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_2009_09_20.jpg
(VII)29627 viewsConstantine II
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the rear
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
Camp gate with two turrets, star between, pellet in doorway
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 296 note
mauseus
rjb_08_09_f.jpg
(VII)29626 viewsConstantine II
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the rear
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
Camp gate with two turrets, star between
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 296
mauseus
rjb_2011_04_13.jpg
(VII)29836 viewsConstantius II
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate and cuirassed bust left
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
Camp gate with two turrets, star between
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 298
2 commentsmauseus
rjb_2015_12_05.jpg
(VII)30019 viewsFausta
FLAV MAX FAVSTA AG
Draped bust of Fausta right
SALVS REIPVBLICAE
Salus standing facing, head left, cradling two infants in her arms
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 300
mauseus
IMITATIVE OTTOMAN.jpg
*IMITATION OTTOMAN Cedid Mahmudiye967 viewsThis piece came in a bag of modern Foreign coins - 21 pounds! May be gold inside!!!
The dating did not seem right to me! From the experts at Zeno, I found a similar issue..... This attribution from Zeno:
Imitation of gold cedid mahmudiye (KM, Turkey #645) with distorted inscriptions and fantasy regnal year 78. Made for jewelry purposes throughout the 19th and early 20th century, very likely outside Turkey: similar imitations are met in abundance in South Russia and Ukraine, along the shores of Black and Azov seas, where they were widely used for adorning Gypsy and native Greek women's garments.

So, as you see, it is not exactly a FAKE or a COUNTERFEIT - it is an IMITATION, so the makers could not get into trouble. The regnal years alone would show that the coin was not "real" -

An interesting piece that may turn up from time to time!
dpaul7
trajanthessalonica.jpg
*Macedonia, Thessalonica. Trajan AE2146 viewsObv: [.....] TRAIANOC, radiate bust r.
Rev: ThES SALO NIKE WN, in four lines, surmounted by eagle within double ring of dots.
ancientone
Constantine_I.jpg
*SOLD*32 viewsConstantine the Great AE3

Attribution: RIC VII 153, Nicomedia
Date: AD 328-329
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG; head r. w/ pearl diadem
Reverse: RPVIDEN-TIAE AVGG; camp gate, two turrets, no doors, star above
Size: 18.54 mm
Weight: 3.1 grams
Noah
Crispus.jpg
*SOLD*44 viewsCrispus AE3

Attribution: RIC VII 201, Siscia, 4th officina
Date: AD 326-327
Obverse: IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate bust r.
Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, campgate with two turrets, no doors & star above,
* Δ SIS * in exergue
Size: 18.4 mm
1 commentsNoah
Vespasian.jpg
*SOLD*33 viewsVespasian AR Denarius

Attribution: RIC II 43, RSC II 43, BMCRE II 50
Date: AD 71
Obverse: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M, laureate head r.
Reverse: AVGVR (above), TRI POT (below), four priestly implements:
simpulum, aspergillum, jug & lituus
Size: 19.8 mm
1 commentsNoah
Diocletian.jpg
*SOLD*38 viewsDiocletian AE Follis

Attribution: RIC VI 19a, Thessalonica
Date: 298-299 AD
Obverse: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, laureate bust l.
Reverse: GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI, Genius stg. l., modius on head, with patera & cornucopia, TSA in exergue
Size: 26.8 mm
Weight: 8.98 grams
1 commentsNoah
nurnberg_1_kreuzer_1773.jpg
*SOLD*20 views Nürnberg - 1 Kreuzer

Attribution: KM #367; 'Stadtansichtskreuzer von Nürnberg' (city-view Kreuzer of Nuremberg) is the specific type
Date: AD 1773
Obverse: View of Nuremberg in Bavaria/Germany, Providence of God above, 1773 below
Reverse: Three Coat of Arms of Nuremberg – 1) Top is 'Freie und Reichsstadt' ('Free city and city of the German Empire), the meaning is that Nuremberg has no other ruler above it than
the Emperor himself; 2) right is a half eagle, black on golden field, in the l. half, and six red and six silver oblique stripes in the r. field; 3) left shows a golden harpyia (mythic bird) on a blue field, has a female head and is crowned.
Noah
Crispus_12.jpg
*SOLD*26 viewsCrispus AE3

Attribution: RIC 201, S.3924v, Siscia
Date: AD 317-326
Obverse: IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, camp gate surmounted by two turrets,
* above, BSIS in exergue
Size: 18.7 mm
Noah
arcadius.jpg
*SOLD*16 viewsArcadius AE4

Attribution: RIC 62 variant, Cohen 8, Thessalonica
Date: AD 383-388
Obverse: D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed & draped bust r.
Reverse: GLORIA REPVBLICE, camp gate with two turrets, Γ to l., TES in exergue
Size: 13 mm
Noah
Roman_Gilded.jpg
*SOLD*21 viewsRoman Decorative Artifacts

Date: circa 1st-3rd centuries AD
Description: These decorative pieces still retain much of their original "bling." Two possess their original gilding and one has some enameled glass intact. They were brooches, aesthetic mounts, or some other form of adornment. All-in-all, they would have been prized pieces.
Noah
Licinius.jpg
*SOLD*17 viewsLicinius I Bronze follis

Attribution: RIC VI 60, Thessalonica
Date: AD 312-313
Obverse: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing half l., nude, Victory on globe in r., long scepter vertical in l., eagle with wreath in beak l., •TS•• in exergue
Size: 24.3 mm
Weight: 4.42 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
septsevAnchialus.jpg
*Thrace, Anchialus. Septimius Severus. 29 viewsAD 193-211. Æ 19mm. Laureate head right / Kybele seated left, resting elbow on drum; lions seated to either side of throne. AMNG II 496; SNG Copenhagen 437.1 commentsancientone
caracalla_tets_syro-phoenician_obv_DSC07297_75%.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachmai, Syro - Phoenician.7 views4x Caracalla Tets, the one on the bottom row is from Tyre, Phoenicia, and has an interesting Frontal, cuirassed bust, that I have never seen before on a Tyre tet.
---
With a USA Quarter (25 cent piece) on the bottom right, for size comparison.
rexesq
caracalla_tets_syro-phoenician_rev_DSC0790_65%.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachmai, Syro - Phoenician.8 views4x Caracalla Tets, the one on the bottom row is from Tyre, Phoenicia, and has an interesting Frontal, cuirassed bust, that I have never seen before on a Tyre tet.
---
With a USA Quarter (25 cent piece) in the center for size comparison.
rexesq
caracalla_tets_syro-phoenician_obv_DSC0783_60%.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachmai, Syro - Phoenician.10 views4x Caracalla Tets, the one on the bottom row is from Tyre, Phoenicia, and has an interesting Frontal, cuirassed bust, that I have never seen before on a Tyre tet.
---
With a USA Quarter (25 cent piece) in the center for size comparison.
rexesq
015.jpg
0 - Severus Alexander as Caesar - AR Denarius40 viewsSeverus Alexander as Caesar. Rome Mint.

obv: " M AUR ALEXANDER CAES "
Bare head right, draped.

rev: " PIETAS AUG " - Priestly Implements.
3 commentsrexesq
IMG_4551.jpg
0 Constantius II (Gaming Token?)38 viewsConstantius II, AE3, 22mm, Rome mint. DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, holding globe, N behind bust / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor nimbate and in military dress, with shield on left arm, on horseback galloping right, thrusting his spear at two barbarians wearing Phrygian helmets, who kneel before him with their arms raised towards him. N in right field. Mintmark R dot S. RIC VIII Rome 184 var (unlisted officina, RIC lists only officina T for this "R dot.. officina" issue.)4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
V539.jpg
00 Domitian as Caesar RIC 53991 viewsAR Denarius, 3.17g
Rome mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMITIAN COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: No legend; Domitian on horse l.; cloak flying out behind, r. hand raised, sceptre in l.
RIC 539 (R). BMC 122. RSC 665. BNC -.
Acquired from NumisCorner, June 2018.

This is the first denarius struck at Rome for Domitian as Caesar. Fittingly, it commemorates Domitian's appearance at Vespasian and Titus' joint Jewish War Triumph - 'while taking part in the Judaean triumph, he rode on a white horse' (Suetonius, Domitian, ii), which was the normal conduct for a young prince on such occasions. The type was struck in three variants: firstly, with a clockwise obverse legend and DOMITIAN fully spelled out, as we see here. Secondly, it was shortened to DOMIT, with the legend still running clockwise. Lastly, the legend direction was changed to counter clockwise with DOMIT. The first two variants are quite rare, the last relatively common. On this coin we see a cloak flying out from behind Domitian. This interesting detail only appears on a few coins from the first variant and does not show up on subsequent issues of the type. Most likely this variant with the cloak was the earliest version of the type which was then quickly simplified by dropping the cloak all together.

Well centred in good early style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
0009.jpg
0009 - Denarius Papia 79 BC107 viewsObv/Head of Juno Sospita r., wearing goatskin, symbol behind.
Rev/Gryphon dancing r., symbol below, L PAPI in ex.

Ag, 19.9mm, 3.82g
Moneyer: L. Papius.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 384/1 [dies o/r: 211/211] - Syd. 773 - Calicó 1057 - RCV 311 - RSC Papia 1 - Cohen Papia 1
ex-Numismática Saetabis
1 commentsdafnis
image~20.jpg
000a. L. Sulla and L. Manlius Toruatus33 viewsL. Sulla and L. Manlius Torquatus. 82 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.89 g, 7h). Military mint moving with Sulla. Helmeted head of Roma right / Sulla driving triumphal quadriga right, holding branch and reins, being crowned by Victory flying left. Crawford 367/5; Sydenham 757 or 757a; Manlia 4 or 5. Near VF, toned, a few light scratches on the obverse.

From the Elwood Rafn Collection.

As consul for the year 88 BC, Sulla was awarded the coveted assignment of suppressing the revolt of Mithradates VI of Pontus, but political maneuvers resulted in this assignment being transferred to Marius. In response, Sulla turned his army on Rome, captured it, and reclaimed his command against Mithradates. His prosecution of the first Mithradatic War was successful, but he spared the Pontic king for personal gain. In 83 BC, Sulla returned to Italy as an outlaw, but he was able to win the support of many of the leading Romans. Within a year, he fought his way to Rome, where he was elected dictator. It was during this campaign to Rome that this denarius was struck. The obverse type represents Sulla's claim to be acting in Rome's best interest. The reverse shows Sulla enjoying the highest honor to which a Roman could aspire: the celebration of a triumph at Rome.
ecoli
3350438.jpg
000b. Pompey the Great53 viewsThe Pompeians. Sextus Pompey. 37/6 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.49 g, 9h). Uncertain Sicilian mint, possibly Catana. Bare head of Pompey the Great right; capis to left, lituus to right / Neptune, holding aplustre and resting right foot on prow, standing left between the Catanaean brothers Anapias and Amphinomus running in opposite directions, bearing their parents on their shoulders. Crawford 511/3a; CRI 334; Sydenham 1344; RSC 17 (Pompey the Great). Fine, lightly toned, bankers’ marks on obverse.

AMPHINOMUS and ANAPIS (or Anapias), two brothers, of Silicy, respecting whom it is related that they saved their parents, at the peril of their own lives, from the flames of Etna, at the moment when an eruption of that volcano threatened their immediate destruction. This was a favourite subject with the ancients, in symbolising filial piety; and is often represented on Greek coins of Catana (Catania), where this noble action is alleged to have been performed. Of these two Sicilian brothers, types of that devoted love, which is ever cherished by good children towards the earthly anthors of their being, Cornelius Severus, alluding to Mount Edna, thus expresses himself: "Amphinomus and his brother, both equally courageous in the performance of a duty, whilst the flames murmured their threats against the neighbouring houses, rescue their decrepid father, and their aged mother."
1 commentsecoli
Byzantine1.jpg
001 - Anonymus follis class A2 - Sear 181346 viewsObv: +EMMANOVHA, Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with two pellets in each limb of cross, pallium and colobium, and holding book of Gospels, the cover ornamented with central pellet in border of dots. To left IC and to right XC.
Rev: IhSYS / XRISTYS / bASILEY / bASILE in foyr lines. Dot above and below.
This type is attributed to the joint regin of Basil II and Constantine VIII 976-1025 AD.
30.0 mm. diameter.
pierre_p77
Licinfol.jpg
001 - Licinius I (308-324 AD), Follis - RIC 6078 viewsObv: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing left, chlamys over shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe. Eagle with wreath in beak below left.
Minted in Thessalonica (.TS.A. in exe), officina 1, 312-313 AD.
3 commentspierre_p77
1.jpg
001 Julius Caesar. AR denarius 4.5gm51 views0bv: CAESAR elephant trampling serpent
rev: pontifical emplaments,simpulum,asperginum,axe and apex
2 commentshill132
OlbiaDolphin.jpg
001a, Olbia, Sarmatia, c. 5th Century B.C.52 viewsBronze cast dolphin, SGCV 1684 var, VF, 1.322g, 24.7mm. Obverse: dolphin with raised spine, dorsal fin and tail.

Olbia

Olbia, located in what is modern-day Ukraine, was a Milesian colony at the convergence of the Hypanis and Borysthenes rivers, about 15 miles inland from the Northwest coast of the Black Sea. Well located for trade, Olbia was a prosperous trading city and major grain supplier in the 5th Century B.C.

Small bronze dolphins were cast in Olbia, beginning 550-525 B.C., first as sacrificial objects for worship of Apollo and later as a form of currency (Joseph Sermarini).
1 commentsCleisthenes
2160368.jpg
001a. Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony50 viewsSYRIA, Coele-Syria. Chalcis ad Libanum. Mark Antony, with Cleopatra VII. 36-31 BC. Æ 19mm (5.45 g, 12h). Dated RY 21 (Egyptian) and 6 (Phoenician) of Cleopatra (32/1 BC). Draped bust of Cleopatra right, wearing stephane / Bare head of Mark Antony right; dates in legend. RPC I 4771; Rouvier 440 (Berytus); SNG München 1006; SNG Copenhagen 383 (Phoenicia). Near Fine, green patina.

Chalcis was given by Antony to Cleopatra in 36 BC. At the culmination of his spectacular triumph at Alexandria two years later, further eastern territories - some belonging to Rome - were bestowed on the children of the newly hailed “Queen of Kings” (referred to as the “Donations of Alexandria”). Shortly after, Antony formally divorced Octavia, the sister of Octavian. These actions fueled Octavian’s propagandistic efforts to win the support of Rome’s political elite and ultimately led to the Senate’s declaration of war on Cleopatra in 32 BC.

Ex-CNG
ecoli
Constantius.jpg
002 - Constantius II (as Caesar 324-337 AD), AE 3 - RIC 38D33 viewsObv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
Rev: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, campgate with two turrets, star above.
Minted in Cyzicus (SMKdelta in exe), officina 4, 325-326 AD.
pierre_p77
alexandria1.jpg
002 Constantine II 40 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C. laur.,dr.and cuir.bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate two turrents star above
fld:/ex: wreath-II/SMAL(dot)
hill132
coin614.JPG
002. Augustus36 viewsAugustus. 27 BC-AD 14. Æ Dupondius (28mm, 12.15 g). Rome mint. Q. Aelius Lamia, moneyer. Struck 18 BC. Legend in three lines within wreath / Legend around large S C. RIC I 324; BMCRE 176; BN 236. Near VF, brown patina with tan high points, some scratches on obverse.1 commentsecoli
coin282.JPG
002. Augustus (31 BC- 14 AD)48 viewsAugustus

He suffered but two severe and ignominious defeats, those of Lollius [15 B.C.] and Varus [9 A.D.], both of which were in Germany. Of these the former was more humiliating than serious, but the latter was almost fatal, since three legions were cut to pieces with their general, his lieutenants, and all the auxiliaries. In fact, they say that he was so greatly affected that for several months in succession he cut neither his beard nor his hair, and sometimes he would dash his head against a door, crying: "Quintilius Varus, give me back my legions!" And he observed the day of the disaster each year as one of sorrow and mourning.

Lyons mint, 2 BC - ca 13 AD. CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE. laureate head right / AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, C L CAESARES below, Gaius & Lucius standing front, each with a hand resting on a round shield, a spear, & in field above, a lituus right & simpulum left ("b9"). BMC 533, RSC 43

This is one of my first 12 caesar coins. I got this from an all text list from M&R coins.
ecoli
0022.jpg
0022 - Denarius Domitian 80 AC115 viewsObv/CAESAR DIVI F DOMOTIANVS COS VIII, Domitian laureate head r.
Rev/PRINCEPTS (IVV)ENTVTIS, goat standing l. in laurel-wreath.

Ag, 19.1mm, 3.30g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IIa/267 [C] - RCV 2675 - BMCRE 88 - RSC 390
ex-Meister & Sonntag, auction S2, lot 219
6 commentsdafnis
Aigina_turtle.jpg
002a, Aigina, Islands off Attica, Greece, c. 510 - 490 B.C.84 viewsSilver stater, S 1849, SNG Cop 503, F, 12.231g, 22.3mm, Aigina (Aegina) mint, c. 510 - 490 B.C.; Obverse: sea turtle (with row of dots down the middle); Reverse: incuse square of “Union Jack” pattern; banker's mark obverse. Ex FORVM.


Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson

Turtles, the archaic currency of Aegina, are among the most sought after of all ancient coins. Their early history is somewhat of a mystery. At one time historians debated whether they or the issuances of Lydia were the world's earliest coins. The source of this idea comes indirectly from the writings of Heracleides of Pontus, a fourth century BC Greek scholar. In the treatise Etymologicum, Orion quotes Heracleides as claiming that King Pheidon of Argos, who died no later than 650 BC, was the first to strike coins at Aegina. However, archeological investigations date the earliest turtles to about 550 BC, and historians now believe that this is when the first of these intriguing coins were stamped.

Aegina is a small, mountainous island in the Saronikon Gulf, about midway between Attica and the Peloponnese. In the sixth century BC it was perhaps the foremost of the Greek maritime powers, with trade routes throughout the eastern half of the Mediterranean. It is through contacts with Greeks in Asia Minor that the idea of coinage was probably introduced to Aegina. Either the Lydians or Greeks along the coast of present day Turkey were most likely the first to produce coins, back in the late seventh century. These consisted of lumps of a metal called electrum (a mixture of gold and silver) stamped with an official impression to guarantee the coin was of a certain weight. Aegina picked up on this idea and improved upon it by stamping coins of (relatively) pure silver instead electrum, which contained varying proportions of gold and silver. The image stamped on the coin of the mighty sea power was that of a sea turtle, an animal that was plentiful in the Aegean Sea. While rival cities of Athens and Corinth would soon begin limited manufacture of coins, it is the turtle that became the dominant currency of southern Greece. The reason for this is the shear number of coins produced, estimated to be ten thousand yearly for nearly seventy years. The source for the metal came from the rich silver mines of Siphnos, an island in the Aegean. Although Aegina was a formidable trading nation, the coins seemed to have meant for local use, as few have been found outside the Cyclades and Crete. So powerful was their lure, however, that an old proverb states, "Courage and wisdom are overcome by Turtles."

The Aeginean turtle bore a close likeness to that of its live counterpart, with a series of dots running down the center of its shell. The reverse of the coin bore the imprint of the punch used to force the face of the coin into the obverse turtle die. Originally this consisted of an eight-pronged punch that produced a pattern of eight triangles. Later, other variations on this were tried. In 480 BC, the coin received its first major redesign. Two extra pellets were added to the shell near the head of the turtle, a design not seen in nature. Also, the reverse punch mark was given a lopsided design.

Although turtles were produced in great quantities from 550 - 480 BC, after this time production dramatically declines. This may be due to the exhaustion of the silver mines on Siphnos, or it may be related to another historical event. In 480 BC, Aegina's archrival Athens defeated Xerxes and his Persian armies at Marathon. After this, it was Athens that became the predominant power in the region. Aegina and Athens fought a series of wars until 457 BC, when Aegina was conquered by its foe and stripped of its maritime rights. At this time the coin of Aegina changed its image from that of the sea turtle to that of the land tortoise, symbolizing its change in fortunes.

The Turtle was an object of desire in ancient times and has become so once again. It was the first coin produced in Europe, and was produced in such great quantities that thousands of Turtles still exist today. Their historical importance and ready availability make them one of the most desirable items in any ancient coin enthusiast's collection.

(Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson .
1 commentsCleisthenes
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002a. Agrippa 54 viewsAgrippa

A close friend of Octavian (later Emperor Augustus), he won a name in the wars in Gaul before becoming consul in 37 He organized Octavian's fleet and is generally given much credit for the defeat (36 ) of Sextus Pompeius in the naval battles at Mylae and Naulochus (N Sicily). Agrippa took part in the war against Antony, and his naval operations were the basis of Octavian's decisive victory at Actium in 31 He was perhaps the most trusted of all Augustus' lieutenants and rendered many services, notably in putting down disorders in both the East and West. His third wife was Augustus' daughter Julia.

AS. M AGRIPPA L F COS III Head left, wearing rostral crown. / Neptune standing, head left, S C at sides.

It seems like the quality and price of Agrippa coins run the whole spectrum...I think a decent example can be had for as little as $20. This is a bit more than that but I am happy with the quality of the metal and portrait.
ecoli
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002b. Livia48 viewsLivia, as history most often knows her, was the wife of Augustus for over fifty years, from 38 BC until his death in AD 14 , an astonishingly long time in view of life expectancy in ancient Rome. Although certainty about their inner lives and proof for what we would consider a loving relationship is necessarily lost to us, we can infer genuine loyalty and mutual respect between the two. They remained married despite the fact that she bore him no child. Livia's position as first lady of the imperial household, her own family connections, her confident personality and her private wealth allowed her to exercise power both through Augustus and on her own, during his lifetime and afterward. All the Julio-Claudian emperors were her direct descendants: Tiberius was her son; Gaius (Caligula), her great-grandson; Claudius, her grandson; Nero, her great-great-grandson.

Tiberius and Livia- Thessalonica, Macedonia/Size: 22.5mm/Reference: RPC 1567
Obverse: TI KAISAR SEBASTOS, bare head of Tiberius right Reverse: QESSALONIKEWN SEBASTOU, draped bust of Livia right.

Ex-Imperial Coins
ecoli
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002e. Octavia; Crete, Knossos.32 viewsCrete, Knossos. Nero and Octavia. Æ 26 (26.4 mm, 9.09 g, 1 h). A.D. 54-62. ca. A.D. 55-60. Volumnius Lupinus, magistrate. Vary Rare. NERO CLAV CAES AVG IMP LVPINO VOLVMNIO II, bare-headed bust of Nero right / NERO CLAVD CAES AVG IMP ET OCTAVIA AVGVSTI, confronted busts of Octavia, facing right with crescent overhead, and Nero, bare-headed with a start overhead. RPC 1006; Svoronos 217.ecoli
Augustus_AE-Semis_VIC-AVG_COHOR-PRAE-PHIL_Phillipi-Macedon_SNG-Cop-305_Q-001_h_18mm_0_00g-s.jpg
002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), (Time of Claudius or Nero, circa AD 41-68.??? ), Macedon, Phillipi, RPC I 1651, AE-18, (AE Semis), COHOR-PRAE-PHIL, Three military standards,108 views002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), (Time of Claudius or Nero, circa AD 41-68.??? ), Macedon, Phillipi, RPC I 1651, AE-18, (AE Semis), COHOR-PRAE-PHIL, Three military standards,
Augustus Macedon Phillipi Æ18 / Struck to Commemorate the Battle of Actium
avers:- VIC-AVG, Nike standing left holding wreath and palm branch.
revers:- COHOR-PRAE-PHIL, Three military standards.
exe: VIC/AVG//--, diameter:18mm, weight: , axis: h,
mint: Macedon, Phillipi, Pseudo-autonomous issue, date: Time of Claudius or Nero, circa AD 41-68., ref: RPC I 1651, SNG ANS 677; SNG Copenhagen 305, BMC 23, SGI 32.
Q-001
"This coin has traditionally been attributed to Augustus, but due to its copper composition, RPC attributes it as likely from Claudius to Nero; Philippi probably did not issue copper coins during the reign of Augustus."
1 commentsquadrans
MYSIA,_Kyzikos,_002_Augustus_(27_BC-14_AD),AE-16_Bare_head_right_K-Y-Z-I,Torch_within_wreath,_RPC-I-2244,_BMC-210__Q-001_1h_15-16mm_2,59ga-s.jpg
002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Mysia, Kyzikos, RPC I 2244, AE-16, K-Y/Z-I, Torch, all within wreath, Rare ! 127 views002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Mysia, Kyzikos, RPC I 2244, AE-16, K-Y/Z-I, Torch, all within wreath, Rare !
avers:- No legend, bare head right, border of dots.
revers:- K-Y Z-I in two lines to left and right of torch, all within wreath of corn-ears.
exe: K-Y/Z-I//--, diameter: 15-16mm, weight: 2,59g, axis: 1h,
mint: Mysia, Kyzikos, 002 Augustus, date: 63 B.C.-14 A.D., ref: RPC I 2244, SNG Tübingen 2277, BMC 210, SNG France 621, SNG von Aulock 7368,
Q-001
quadrans
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003 - Crispus (Caesar 317-326 AD) AE 3 - RIC 20 (rare)26 viewsObv: CRISPVS NOBILISSIMVS CAES, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS, soldier standing right, holding spear in right hand, shield on gruond at left.
Minted in Thessalonica (.TS.gamma. in exe), officina 3, 317-318 AD.
Rated in RIC as R4
pierre_p77
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003 Constantine II 20 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur.,dr.and cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMAL(A=alpha=1)
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003. Constans Thessalonica two victories57 viewsCONSTANS-PF AVG
VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN
SMTSB
RIC VIII Thessalonica 101 C2

ecoli
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003. Constans two victories Thessalonica44 viewsCONSTANS-PF AVG
VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN
SMTSA
RIC VIII Thessalonica 105 S
ecoli
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004 Constantine I 26 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: wreath-A/SMAL
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004.Titus 79-81 AD43 viewsAR Denarius
Mint: Rome, Date: 80 AD
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM,Laureate head of Titus right.
Rev: TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII PP, Two captives seated left and right, back to back, between them, trophy composed of cuirass, helmet, and oblong shields,the captive on left is a woman, draped, hooded, and rests head on right hand; the captive on right is a man, naked,and has his hands bound behind his back.
Ref: RIC II-102
Possible Judea Capta type,Hendin-778;Meshorer TJC,Supplement 5,Type I
2 commentsBrian L
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005 Constantine I 20 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: wreath/SMALA
hill132
Tiberius(14-37AD)_AE-Sest__CIVITATIBVS_ASIAE_RESTITVTIS_TI_CAESAR_DIVI_AVG_F_AVGVST_P_M_TR_POT_XXIIII_S-C_RIC-48_BMC-70_C-3_Rome-22-23-AD_Q-001_6h_36-37mm_24,48ga-s.jpg
005 Tiberius (14-37 A.D.), RIC I 048, Rome, AE-Sestertius, TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST P M TR POT XXIIII, around S•C, Rare!!!106 views005 Tiberius (14-37 A.D.), RIC I 048, Rome, AE-Sestertius, TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST P M TR POT XXIIII, around S•C, Rare!!!
avers:- CIVITATIBVS-ASIAE-RESTITVTIS, Tiberius laureate, seated left, foot on stool, holding patera and sceptre, border of dots.
revers:- TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST P M TR POT XXIIII, around S•C, border of dots.
exerg:S/C//-- , diameter: 36-37mm, weight: 24,48 g, axes: 6 h,
mint: Rome, date: circa 22-23 A.D., ref: RIC I 48, BMC-70, C-3, Rare !!!
Q-001
quadrans
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005b. Britannicus126 viewsBritannicus (son of Claudius) AE17. Ionia, Smyrna

Britannicus (41 - 55 A.D.) was the son of the Roman emperor Claudius and his third wife Messalina. His original name was "Germanicus" but was changed in honor of his father's conquest of Britain in 43 AD.

Nobody is sure why Claudius made Nero his successor and not Britannicus, although the fact that Britannicus may have been Caligula's son is a factor. Britannicus was killed by (partisans of) his step-brother (and brother-in-law) Nero so that Nero could become emperor of Rome.

His sister Octavia is the heroine of the play written at some time after the death of Nero. It's title is titled her name, but its central message is the wrong done to the Claudian house because of the wrong done to its last male member and its last hope.

Britannicus. Before 54 AD. AE 17mm (4.31 g), Minted at Ionia, Smyrna. Bare head right 'ZMYP' below bust / Nike flying right. cf S(GIC) 516. Scarce. Some dirt and patina chipping.

ecoli73
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005d. Agrippina II89 viewsLYDIA, Hypaepa. Agrippina Jr., mother of Nero. Augusta, 50-59 AD. Æ 14mm (2.33 gm). Draped bust of Agrippina right / Cult statue of Artemis. RPC I 2541; SNG Copenhagen -.

Julia Vipsania Agrippina Minor or Agrippina Minor (Latin for "the younger") (November 7, AD 15 – March 59), often called "Agrippinilla" to distinguish her from her mother, was the daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina Major. She was sister of Caligula, granddaughter and great-niece to Tiberius, niece and wife of Claudius, and the mother of Nero. She was born at Oppidum Ubiorum on the Rhine, afterwards named in her honour Colonia Agrippinae (modern Cologne, Germany).

Agrippina was first married to (1st century AD) Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus. From this marriage she gave birth to Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, who would become Roman Emperor Nero. Her husband died in January, 40. While still married, Agrippina participated openly in her brother Caligula's decadent court, where, according to some sources, at his instigation she prostituted herself in a palace. While it was generally agreed that Agrippinilla, as well as her sisters, had ongoing sexual relationships with their brother Caligula, incest was an oft-used criminal accusation against the aristocracy, because it was impossible to refute successfully. As Agrippina and her sister became more problematic for their brother, Caligula sent them into exile for a time, where it is said she was forced to dive for sponges to make a living. In January, 41, Agrippina had a second marriage to the affluent Gaius Sallustius Crispus Passienus. He died between 44 and 47, leaving his estate to Agrippina.

As a widow, Agrippina was courted by the freedman Pallas as a possible marriage match to her own uncle, Emperor Claudius, and became his favourite councillor, even granted the honor of being called Augusta (a title which no other queen had ever received). They were married on New Year's Day of 49, after the death of Claudius's first wife Messalina. Agrippina then proceeded to persuade Claudius to adopt her son, thereby placing Nero in the line of succession to the Imperial throne over Claudius's own son, Brittanicus. A true Imperial politician, Agrippina did not reject murder as a way to win her battles. Many ancient sources credited her with poisoning Claudius in 54 with a plate of poisened mushrooms, hence enabling Nero to quickly take the throne as emperor.

For some time, Agrippina influenced Nero as he was relatively ill-equipped to rule on his own. But Nero eventually felt that she was taking on too much power relative to her position as a woman of Rome. He deprived her of her honours and exiled her from the palace, but that was not enough. Three times Nero tried to poison Agrippina, but she had been raised in the Imperial family and was accustomed to taking antidotes. Nero had a machine built and attached to the roof of her bedroom. The machine was designed to make the ceiling collapse — the plot failed with the machine. According to the historians Tacitus and Suetonius, Nero then plotted her death by sending for her in a boat constructed to collapse, intending to drown Agrippina. However, only some of the crew were in on the plot; their efforts were hampered by the rest of the crew trying to save the ship. As the ship sank, one of her handmaidens thought to save herself by crying that she was Agrippina, thinking they would take special care of her. Instead the maid was instantly beaten to death with oars and chains. The real Agrippina realised what was happening and in the confusion managed to swim away where a passing fisherman picked her up. Terrified that his cover had been blown, Nero instantly sent men to charge her with treason and summarily execute her. Legend states that when the Emperor's soldiers came to kill her, Agrippina pulled back her clothes and ordered them to stab her in the belly that had housed such a monstrous son.

ecoli
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006 Constantine I 17 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur.bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: wreath-B/SMAL
hill132
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006. Nero (54 AD - 68 AD) 47 viewsNero, last of the Julio-Claudians, had been placed in the difficult position of absolute authority at a young age coupled with the often-contradictory efforts of those in a position to manipulate him. Augustus, however, had not been much older when he began his bid for power, and so a great deal of the responsibility for Nero's conduct must also rest with the man himself. Nero's reign was not without military operations (e.g., the campaigns of Corbulo against the Parthians, the suppression of the revolt of Boudicca in Britain), but his neglect of the armies was a critical error.

Nero As, 26x27 mm, 10.0 g. Obverse: Nero laureate right, NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP. Reverse: Temple of Janus, with latticed window to left and closed double doors to right, PACE PR VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT, SC.

Check
1 commentsecoli
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006b. Claudia Aug.37 viewsJUDAEA, Caesaraea Panias. Diva Poppaea and Diva Claudia. Died AD 65 and AD 63, respectively. Æ 20mm (6.00 g, 12h). Struck AD 65-68. Statue of Diva Poppaea seated left within distyle temple / Statue of Diva Claudia standing left within hexastyle temple. RPC I 4846; Meshorer, Caesarea, Pl. 7, H; SNG ANS 858; Hendin 578. Fine, dark green patina under light earthen deposits.

Ex-CNG
ecoli
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007 Lucius Caesar. AE21 6.7gm28 viewsobv: CAESAR CORINTH bare head r. of Augustus
rev: C SERVILIO M ANTONIO HIPPARCHO IIVIR/ CL confronted busts of Lucis and Gaius Caesar
"sons of Agrippa and Julia, grandsons of Augustus"
hill132
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008 Costantine I32 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: dot in doorway / SMANT(r=gamma=3)
1 commentshill132
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009 Constantine II 27 viewsobv: CONSTANTINUS IVN NOB C laur.,dr. and cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with to turrents star above
fld:/ex: dot in doorway / SMANT(delta=4)
hill132
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009. Vitellius 69 AD155 viewsVITELLIUS. 69 AD.

Without doubt, the most fortuitous moment in Vitellius' political career was his appointment as governor of Lower Germany by the emperor Galba late in 68.

Vitellius has not escaped the hostility of his biographers. While he may well have been gluttonous, his depiction as indolent, cruel, and extravagant is based almost entirely on the propaganda of his enemies. On the other hand, whatever moderating tendencies he did show were overshadowed by his clear lack of military expertise, a deficiency that forced him to rely in critical situations on largely inneffective lieutenants. As a result he was no match for his Flavian successors, and his humiliating demise was perfectly in keeping with the overall failure of his reign.

AR Denarius (20mm, 3.24 gm). Rome mint. Laureate head right / Tripod-lebes; dolphin above, raven below. RIC I 109; RSC 111. Ex-Cng
1 commentsecoli73
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00a Domitian as Caesar RIC 541338 viewsAR Denarius, 3.46g
Rome mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMIT COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: No legend; Domitian on horse l.; r. hand raised, sceptre in l.
RIC 541 (R2). BMC 129 var. RSC 664. BNC 105 var.
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 701. = Helios, ebay, 29 November 2010 (A. Lynn Collection).

This is an extremely rare denarius of Domitian as Caesar, the second earliest minted at Rome. Here the legend is clockwise, the much more common Domitian on horseback type has the legend anticlockwise. The reverse may allude to Domitian's participation in Vespasian and Titus' joint triumph where he rode a 'magnificent' steed. The obverse is a die match with the RIC plate coin from Oxford.

The early portrait on this one is quite outstanding.
18 commentsDavid Atherton
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01 - Philip I Tetradrachm - Laureate bust left, seen from front, cuirassed. Head of Medusa on breastplate. 45 viewsTetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Dated Year 3 of reign.
obv: Laureate, cuirassed bust left, seen from the front, breastplate decorated with a gorgoneion/medusa head.

rev: Eagle standing facing left, tail right. Wreath in its beak, ANTIOXIA SC below.
2 commentsrexesq
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01 - Philip I Tetradrachm - Radiate bust left, seen from front, cuirassed. Medusa Head on breastplate.86 viewsPhilip I AR Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Dated Year 3.
obv: AYTOK K M IOYLI FILIPPOC CEB - radiate, cuirassed bust left, seen from the front, breastplate decorated with a gorgoneion/medusa head.
rev: DHMARC EXOVCIAC VPATO G - eagle standing facing with wings spread, head right with wreath in its beak, ANTIOXIA SC below.
13.9grams. - Prieur 357
3 commentsrexesq
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01 Augustus RIC 167a65 viewsAugustus 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum Mint. 15 - 13 B.C. (3,71 gr) Obv: AVGVSTVS DIVI F, Bare head right. Rev: in ex. IMP X, Bull butting right.
RIC 167a, RSC 137, Sear 1610.

Ex: Poinsignon Numismatique

This coin has great beauty in its simplicity and it's also a great example of propaganda. Divi F (filius) means that Octavianus is not only Augustus but also the son of a god.
2 commentsPaddy
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01 Diocletian: Cyzicus antoninianus.39 viewsAntoninianus; 284 - 295 AD, Cyzicus mint.
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG / Radiate bust of Diocletian.
Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM / Diocletian standing, holding sceptre, receiving globe (surmounted by Victory) from Jupiter, also standing and holding sceptre. E between them; XXI in exergue.
3.73 gm., 21 mm.
RIC #306; Sear #12635.

Attribution to Cyzicus: The CONCORDIA MILITVM reverse was used extensively by the mints at Siscia, Heraclea, Cyzicus, and Antioch. Siscia had only 3 officina (A B Γ), so that one can be eliminated. Heraclea and Antioch always use P F in the obverse legend (inscription #3), so those two can be eliminated. Pages 210 - 211 of RIC assign to Cyzicus coins with the word MILITVM broken between the I and L.
Callimachus
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01- AUSTRALIA: 1 SOVEREIGN, KM13, (1901-M)60 viewsSize: 22.05 mm. Composition: .917 Gold/.2354 oz. Mintage: 3,012,000 ("S" mintmark)- 3,987,000 ("M" mintmark)- 2,889,000 ("P" mintmark).
Grade: PCGS AU58 (Cert. # 5820151).
Comments: Purchased 3/1/10 from eBay seller "akbeez".
lordmarcovan
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01-61 - Cartago Nova - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)20 viewsAE Semis 23 mm 6.5 gr.
C.Varius Rufus y Sex Iulius Pollio - duoviri.

Anv: "AVGVSTVS - DIVI F" (Leyenda anti-horaria)- Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "C·VAR·RVF·SEX·IVL·POL·II·VIR·Q" (Leyenda anti-horaria),Implementos sacerdotales, Simpulum (Copa pequeña con mango), aspergillum/aspersorio (Instrumento para espolvorear o rociar), Securis/Segur (Hacha ritual) y Ápex (Gorro utilizado por los Sacerdotes o Flamines).

Acuñada 27 A.C. - 14 D.C.
Ceca: Cartago Nova, Hispania (Hoy Cartagena, España)

Referencias: RPC #168, SNG Cop #510, ACIP #3137, SNG München #130, Sim.NAH #992, Vives #131/132 Pl.CXXXI #12, Burgos (2008) #455, FAB #1451 P.180, Sim. Sear GICTV #12 Pag.2 (Semis en lugar de AS), Beltram #23
mdelvalle
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01. Constantine II / 2 soldiers and standard.58 viewsAE 4, 337 - 341, Siscia mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG / Diademed bust of Constantine II.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS / Two soldiers, each holding spear and shield, one standard between them. Christogram on standard.
Mint mark: ASIS (crescent and dot)
1.70 gm., 15 mm.
RIC #95; LRBC #770; Sear #17432.

Several mints used the title MAX for all three sons of Constantine the Great for a short time after his death. It's use on coins of Constantius II and Constans was quickly dropped, and P F (Pius Felix) was used instead, reserving MAX for the senior emperor (Constantine II).
Callimachus
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01. Gordian III as Caesar / RIC 1.55 viewsDenarius, April - July 238 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: M ANT GORDIANVS CAES / Bust of Gordian.
Reverse: PIETAS AVGG / Sacrificial implements: lituus, knife, vase, simpulum, and sprinkler.
2.64 gm., 19.5 mm.
RIC #1 (Balbinus & Pupienus); Sear #8557.
3 commentsCallimachus
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01. Philip I.18 viewsAntoninianus, 248 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG / Radiate bust of Philip I.
Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG / Lion facing right. I in exergue.
4.60 gm., 23 mm.
RIC #12; Sear #8956.

During the reign of Philip I, the Empire celebrated the millennium of the founding of the City of Rome. The thousandth year of Rome was calculated as running from April 21, 247 to April 21, 248. During this year, celebrations were held throughout the empire, and in the city of Rome itself. Spectacular games were held for the people and a series of coins was issued depicting the animals which appeared in these games. Other reverse types looked back a 1000 years (wolf & twins) or ahead to the future (SAECVLVM NOVVM / temple) as Rome entered a "new age." The first 8 coins in this album are the coins issued for this occasion.
Callimachus
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010 Augustus160 viewsDivus Augustus Æ As. Commemorative by Tiberius. DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, radiate head left, thunderbolt before / Eagle standing on globe facing, wings spread, head right, S C at sides. RIC 82 [Tiberius]


"I found Rome built of bricks; I leave her clothed in marble."


This was one of my first ancients, it was my first early imperial.
1 commentsrandy h2
antioch3a~0.jpg
010 Constantine I18 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGGampgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMANTB
hill132
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010 Constantine II21 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVGG laur.bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMANT(B=beta=2)
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010. Vespasian13 viewsSpes

In Roman mythology, Spes was the goddess of hope. She was traditionally defined as "the last goddess" (Spes, ultima dea), meaning that hope is the last resource available to men.
There was a temple to her in the Forum Holitorium. In art, Spes was depicted hitching her skirt while holding a cornucopia and flowers. Spes personified hope for good harvests, and for children, and was invoked at births, marriages, and other important times.

Her Greek equivalent was Elpis.

Vespasian Ae As REVERSE: Spes standing;

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010. Vespasian 69 AD - 79 AD36 viewsVespasian

The character of this emperor showed very little, if anything, of the pagan tyrant. Though himself a man of no literary culture, he became the protector of his prisoner of war, the Jewish historian Josephus, a worshipper of the One God, and even permitted him the use of his own family name (Flavius). While this generosity may have been in some degree prompted by Josephus's shrewd prophecy of Vespasian's elevation to the purple, there are other instances of his disposition to reward merit in those with whom he was by no means personally sympathetic. Vespasian has the distinction of being the first Roman Emperor to transmit the purple to his own son; he is also noteworthy in Roman imperial history as having very nearly completed his seventieth year and died a natural death: being in feeble health, he had withdrawn to benefit by the purer air of his native Reate, in the "dewy fields" (rosei campi) of the Sabine country. By his wife, Flavia Domitilla, he left two sons, Titus and Domitian, and a daughter, Domitilla, through whom the name of Vespasian's empress was passed on to a granddaughter who is revered as a confessor of the Faith.

A man of strict military discipline and simple tastes, Vespasian proved to be a conscientious and generally tolerant administrator. More importantly, following the upheavals of A.D. 68-69, his reign was welcome for its general tranquility and restoration of peace. In Vespasian Rome found a leader who made no great breaks with tradition, yet his ability ro rebuild the empire and especially his willingness to expand the composition of the governing class helped to establish a positive working model for the "good emperors" of the second century. In contrast to his immediate imperial predecessors, Vespasian died peacefully - at Aquae Cutiliae near his birthplace in Sabine country on 23 June, A.D. 79, after contracting a brief illness. The occasion is said to have inspired his deathbed quip: "Oh my, I must be turning into a god!"

Denarius. IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right / VES-TA to either side of Vesta standing left, holding simpulum & scepter. RSC 574
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011 - Constantine I (307-337 AD), AE 3 - RIC 34172 viewsObv: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: BEATA TRAN-QVILLITAS, altar inscribed VO-TIS XX, surmounted by globe decorated with two diagonal lines, dot in upper and lower field and a horizontal row of dots. Three stars above
Minted in Trier (STR. in exe) 322 AD
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011 Constantine II 18 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN OB C laur.drp and cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: dot in doorway / SMANT(B=beta=2)
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011. Titus 79-81 AD28 viewsTitus. 79-81 AD.

Titus was the beneficiary of considerable intelligence and talent, endowments that were carefully cultivated at every step of his career, from his early education to his role under his father's principate. Cassius Dio suggested that Titus' reputation was enhanced by his early death. [[17]] It is true that the ancient sources tend to heroicize Titus, yet based upon the evidence, his reign must be considered a positive one. He capably continued the work of his father in establishing the Flavian dynasty and he maintained a high degree of economic and administrative competence in Italy and beyond. In so doing, he solidified the role of the emperor as paternalistic autocrat, a model that would serve Trajan and his successors well.

AR Denarius (3.44 gm). Laureate head right/Radiate figure on rostral column. RIC II 16a; BMCRE 29; RSC 289. Fine. Scarce and interesting reverse type. Ex-CNG
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0113 - Republic, Sextans33 viewsRome mint, circa 217-215 BC
She-wolf suckling twins, in exergue two pellets.
ROMA in right field. Eagle standing right, holding flower in beak. Behind, two pellets
29 mm, 24.22 gr
Ref : RCV # 609, Sydenham # 95, Crawford # 39/3
Potator II
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0117 - Iceni - AG unit15 viewsObv/ Double crescent over vertical garland.
Rev/ Horse prancing r., corn ear above, dots around: below, ECEN.

Ag, 13.9 mm, 1.22 g
Mint: Iceni.
ABC 1657
ex-Chris Rudd, Liz’s List 53, lot 33
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012 Constantine II 18 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. and cuir.bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: dot in doorway / SMANT(delta=4)
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012. Domitian26 viewsDomitian Æ As. Struck 87 AD. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XIII CENS PERP P, laureate bust right wearing aegis / VIRTVTI AVGVSTI S-C, Virtus standing right, left foot on a helmet, with spear & parazonium. Cohen 650.

Uncleaned, Flaky patina prevents anymore cleaning.

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012. Domitian 81-96 AD