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Last additions - Lucas H
Titus_as_Caesar_RIC_II_V554.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC II V055485 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 73 A.D. (3.16g, 19.9mm, 0h). Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS; laureate head right. Rev: PONTIF MAXIM, Vespasian std. r. on curule chair, with scepter and branch. RIC II 554 (R), BMC V113, RSC 158. Ex Incitatus/Steve McBride.

This coin is considered a mule for Titus as the reverse title POINTIF MAXIM was reserved for the Emperor. There are two types (V553 with CEN instead of CENS), and both seem to have been minted in fairly large quantities which seems unusual for a mule. This example has a die axis of 0 hours which is also unusual for the Rome mint. The Flavians used previous reverse types, and this was the ubiquitous reverse from Tiberius’ reign where the reverse figure was interpreted as Liva as Pax. Many mysteries here.
3 commentsLucas HDec 30, 2015
Domitian_RIC_II_141.jpg
Domitian RIC II 014127 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 82 A.D. (3.45g, 19.9mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: TR POT IMP II COS VIII DES VIIII PP, Fortuna stg. l., with rudder and cornucopiae. RIC II 141, BMC 34 RSC 610. Ex Warren Esty.

This is part of the first series of Domitian’s reform coinage restoring the fineness and weight of silver and gold to the standards of Augustus. Given the finances of the time, this experiment did not last long. This example has a wonderfully formed flan, little wear, and is a pleasure to hold in hand.
Lucas HOct 20, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_702.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 070226 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 74 A.D. (3.44g, 19.2m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. REV: PON MAX TRP COS V, Vespasian std. r. on curule chair, with scepter and branch. RIC II 702, BMC 136, RSC 364.

Along with the winged caduceus, this reverse type was one of the most common reverses for the year. Introduced the previous year, it echoes Tiberius’ Livia type. This is example is reasonably centered, maintains full legends on the obverse, and is a solid example of the type.
Lucas HOct 09, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_982.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 098232 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 77, July-78 Dec. A.D. (3.34g, 19.1m, 6h). Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XIX, in exergue; sow l., with three (possibly two) piglets. RIC II 982, BMC 212, RSC 213.

This is another of Vespasian’s agrarian series issued at the time. Most of this type have three piglets, while a few have two. This is possibly an example with two as the third piglet often gets close enough to the sow’s rear leg it should be visible here, but based on the flan shape, it’s not possible to be sure without a die match. In any event, this is an angry looking sow.

I had hoped to get a better example of this type. While common, this type seems to be popular, so there is always the balancing of condition and price. Finally, this is the one I ended up with after looking for quite some time.
Lucas HOct 09, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_46.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 004635 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. 71, July-Dec. A.D. (3.47g, 19.1m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: TRI POT, across field; Vesta, std. l., with simpulum. RIC II 46, BMC 57, RSC 561.

An early denarius of Vespasian, spreading themes of hearth and home after the Civil War by use of the goddess Vesta on the reverse. This example has a full flan, complete legends, and demonstrates what can be called a “big head” portrait.
1 commentsLucas HOct 07, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_772.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 077226 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 75 A.D. (3.48g, 19.8m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PON MAX TR P COS VI, Pax seated left, holding branch. RIC II 772, BMC 161, RSC 366.

While Pax/peace was a continuing theme on Flavian coinage, this type was issued in truly massive quantities in 75 A.D. according to the updated RIC. This may have a connection with Vespasian’s newly built Temple of Peace in Rome.
Lucas HOct 07, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_1434.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 143473 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint. 71 A.D. (3.36g, 17.1m, 7h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P, laureate head right. Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Turreted and draped female bust, r; EPE in left field. RIC II 1434 (R); BMC 459; RPC 835.

This reverse type is unique to Ephesus, and identity of the female isn’t clear. Mattingly speculates she could be Tyche describing the crown as composed of towers bringing to mind a city, or perhaps Cybele, or Great Mother. The message of peace brought to the world by Vespasian however, is clear. This type with the EPHE to the left of the female, is more scarce that V1433 with EPHE below. Neither Mattingly, nor the authors of RPC distinguish between the types with differing placements of the monogram as Carradice and Buttrey do.

This example is a pleasure in hand. The lettering is sharp on both sides. While the reverse is a bit off center, the details of the figures are well preserved as is the monogram.
5 commentsLucas HOct 07, 2015
Domitian_RIC_II_0599.jpg
Domitian RIC II 059937 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AR Quinarius. Rome Mint 88 14, Sept.-31, Dec. A.D. (1.49g, 14.0m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES COMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII, laureate head r. Rev: COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC, Herald adv., l., with wand and shield. RIC II 599, BMC 134, RSC 78.

Another of Domitian’s series commemorating the Secular Games held in 88 A.D. While listed as equally as common as the denarius sharing the same reverse, I’ve not seen the quinarius in trade before.
1 commentsLucas HOct 02, 2015
Domitian_as_Caesar_RIC_V1087.jpg
Domitian as Caesar RIC II V108734 viewsDomitian as Caesar 69-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 79, to 24 June A.D. (3.39g, 17.7mm, 6h). Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI, laureate head right. Rev: Vesta std. l., with Palladium and scepter. RIC II V1087, BMC 262, RSC 378.

Vesta was the virgin goddess of home, hearth, and family. This was a part of the last issue of precious metal coins before Vespasian’s death, and this reverse is not shared with Vespasian or Titus.

This is another upgrade. When I first narrowed by primary collecting area to Flavian denarii, I tended to pick up common coins without regard for condition. In the back of my mind, I wondered if another would come along at all, much less in a price range I could afford. After watching the market for a longer period of time and understanding it better, I see my mistake, and now have the patience to wait for better examples of common coins. However, this leaves me correcting some of my early mistakes with upgrades.

This example is well centered and the obverse lettering is very sharp.
2 commentsLucas HOct 02, 2015
Titus_as_Caesar_RIC_II_V858.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC II V085836 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 76 A.D. (3.28g, 20.4m, 6h). Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN, laureate head right. Rev: COS V high in field; Cow, or bull, stg. r. RIC II V858 (R), BMC V186; RSC 52.

There is some debate about the meaning of this type. Mattingly describes the reverse as a heifer or cow, and relates it to the “Cow” of Myron. Some examples, however, seem to show a bull. The Flavians did issue an agricultural series, but that came in 77-78 A.D., after this series.

While this example has some wear, it has a wonderfully wide flan, and is well centered with complete legends.
1 commentsLucas HOct 02, 2015
Augustus_RIC_288.jpg
02 Augustus RIC 28820 viewsAugusts 27 B.C.- 14 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome mint, 19 B.C. P. Petronius Turpilianus, moneyer. (3.65g, 18.2m, 0h). Obv: TVRPILIANS IIIVIR FERON, Diad. and draped bust of Feronia r. Rev: CAESAR AVGVSTVS SIGN RECE, Parthian kneeling r. presenting standard w. X marked vexillum. RIC 288, BMC 14, RSC 484.

A historical type commemorating the return of the standards lost by Crassus at the battle of Carrhae during his Parthian campaign in 53 B.C. Rome was humiliated by the defeat and loss of several Legionary Eagles. Crassus and several of his generals were killed. Through diplomacy, Augusts secured the return of the Eagles, an important victory to tout on his coinage.

I've been wanting this type for some time because of it's historic significance, but as it's outside of my primary collecting area, I was willing to compromise on condition. This example is worn, but clearly recognizable. The obverse has banker's marks which seem to disappear or become much more scarce on denarii towards the end of the Republic and beginning of the Empire.
Lucas HSep 19, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_847.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 084752 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 77-78 A.D. (3.37g, 19.2mm, 6h). Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: CERES AVGVST, Ceres stg. l. with corn ears and poppy and scepter. RIC II 968, BMC 300, RSC 54.

Ceres was the Roman goddess associated with agriculture and grain crops. This type, mirroring one contemporaneously issued for Titus and Domitian, came with a series echoing agrarian themes.

Despite some wear, this specimen has a wonderfully centered and proportioned obverse
3 commentsLucas HSep 07, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_0968.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 096843 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 77-78 A.D. (3.37g, 19.2mm, 6h). Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: CERES AVGVST, Ceres stg. l. with corn ears and poppy and scepter. RIC II 968, BMC 300, RSC 54.

Ceres was the Roman goddess associated with agriculture and grain crops. This type, mirroring one contemporaneously issued for Titus and Domitian, came with a series echoing agrarian themes.

Despite some wear, this specimen has a wonderfully centered and proportioned obverse.

2 commentsLucas HSep 01, 2015
Titus_as_Caesar_RIC_II_V0974.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC II V097438 viewsTitus as Caesar 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 77-78 A.D. (3.45g, 18.2mm, 7h.) Obv: T CAESAR VESPASIANVS, laureate head r. Rev: CERES AVGVST; Ceres stg. l., with corn ears and poppy and scepter. RIC II V974, BMC V321, RSC31.

Ceres was the Roman goddess associated with agriculture and grain crops. This type, mirroring one contemporaneously issued by Vespasian, came with a series echoing agrarian themes.

While the picture may not depict it, the toning on this specimen is quite nice.
2 commentsLucas HSep 01, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_0850.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 085058 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. 76 A.D. Rome Mint. (3.23g, 20.0mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left. Obv: IOVIS CVSTOS, Jupiter standing facing with patera over altar and scepter. RIC II 850 (R2). RSC 554; BMC 279.

This Jupiter reverse was a new type for 76 A.D., and can be dated by obverse die links to dated issues of the year. This left facing example is scarce and is an upgrade for me of a well worn example I’ve had for some time.
4 commentsLucas HAug 13, 2015
Lepidus_and_Octavian.jpg
495/2a Lepidus and Octavian23 viewsLepidus and Octavian. Military mint traveling with Lepidus in Italy. 43 B.C., late. AR Denarius.(3.35g, 16mm, 6h). Obv:LEPIDVS•PONT•MAX•III•VIR•R•P•C•, bare head of Lepidus right Rev: CAESAR•IMP•III•VIR•R•P•C•, bare head of Octavian right. Cf Crawford 495/2a 2c-d; Syd. 1323; Cf RSC 2-2a; 2c-d. “From Group SGF”

I’ve sought a coin with a portrait of Lepidus, and while worn, the obverse portrait is clearly identifiable. 43 B.C. saw the establishment of the Second Triumvirate giving Lepidus, Antony, and Octavian dictatorial powers over the Roman State.
1 commentsLucas HAug 08, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_0964~0.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 0964 Legend Error16 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 77-78 A.D. (3.45g, 17.5mm, 6h). Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVS, laureate head right. Rev: AANNONA AVG, Annona std. l. with sack of corn ears. RIC II 964; RSC 28.

Annona is the goddess or personification of the grain supply in Rome. This example has an interesting obverse legend error of “AVS” instead of “AVG,” the second in my collection to save the same letter mix up (V980). The obverse is well centered and has a good portrait of Vespasian as well.
1 commentsLucas HAug 08, 2015
Domitian_as_Caesar_under_TItus__RIC_II_T0267V.jpg
Domitian as Caesar under Titus RIC II T0267V39 viewsDomitian as Caesar under Titus. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 80-81 A.D. (3.28g, 18.0mm, 6h) Obv: CAESAR DIVI F DOMITIANVS COS VII, laureate head left. Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, goat standing left within laurel wreath. RIC II T267 Variant (head left) (R2).

An interesting variant on the right facing common coin minted under Titus after the deification of Vespasian. I thought this might be a unique example, but Curtis Clay was aware of a previous example sold by Lucernae, on eBay, 25 Nov. 2013. With a weight of 2.46g.

This example is well centered and has full legends. Given the wear, it was well circulated, and others are bound to surface.
1 commentsLucas HJun 25, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_1465.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 146530 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. . Ephesus Mint. 74 A.D. (3.19g, 17.7mm, 0h). Obv: [IMP CAE]SAR VESPAS AVG COS V [TR P P P], laureate head right. Rev: [P]ACI AVGVSTAE (from high right); Victory advancing right; with wreath and palm; at lower l, annulet, at lower r., star. RIC II 1465 (R2).

Due to the death, disruption, and devastation of the Civil War, each of emperors, after Nero, during the Year of Four Emperors used Peace as a theme on their coinage as a theme to try and assure the Romans the carnage was over. The coins from Ephesus with the star and annulet marks are all scarce. While off center on the obverse, this specimen has a well centered reverse. This example also has an interesting 0h die axis.
2 commentsLucas HJun 20, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_1120.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 112040 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum (Lyon) Mint. 71 A.D. (3.10g, 17.3mm, 5h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VEAPASIANVS AVG TR P, laureate head right. Rev: IVDAEA DEVICTA; Palm tree; to l.m Judaea stg. l., hands bound in front. RIC II 1120; BMC 388; RSC 243.

Celebrating the Flavians’ greatest victory, this Judea Capta type is unique to the Lugdunum mint. While listed as common, all of the issues from Lugdunum are very difficult to find in trade. Compared to the mint at Rome, the portrait relief is high and the lettering is irregular. Roman silver production was moved to Lugdunum after the assassination of Julius Caesar and returned to Rome perhaps during Caligula’s reign. Very few denarii were minted thereafter.
4 commentsLucas HJun 20, 2015
Titus_as_Caesar_RIC_II_V1562.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC II V156254 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Antioch Mint 72-73 A.D. (3.45g, 17.0mm, 6h ). Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT, laureate bust right, draped. Rev: Palm tree; to left, Titus standing right with spear and parazonium, foot on helmet; to r., Judaea std. r. RIC II V1562, BMC V518, RSC 392, RPC 1934.

A Judea Capta reverse commemorating the Flavians’ greatest victory. While listed as common, this type from Antioch is difficult to find in trade. This example has a tight flan, but a heavy weight. Like the other Eastern mints issuing Flavian denarii, Antioch operated early and for a short time.
5 commentsLucas HJun 08, 2015
02_Octavian_RIC_I_266.jpg
02 Octavian RIC I 26633 viewsOctavian. AR Denarius. Italian Mint, possibly Rome. Autumn 30- summer 29 B.C. (3.45g, 19.8mm, 2h). Obv: Bare head right. Rev: IMP CAESAR on architrave of the Roman Senate House (Curia Julia), with porch supported by four short columns, statue of Victory on globe surmounting apex of roof, and statues of standing figures at the extremities of the architrave. CRI 421; RIC I 266; RSC 122.. Ex Andrew McCabe.1 commentsLucas HMay 29, 2015
Domitian_RIC_II_590.jpg
Domitian RIC II 059013 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AR Quinarius Rome Mint 88, 1 Jan.-13 Sept A.D. (1.48g, 15.5mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP VII, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS PPP, Victory standing left with wreath and palm. RIC 590.

Despite the fact the updated RIC lists this, as other, quinarii as common, I see very few in trade. This one is not overly worn, is well centered, but has wonderful toning. I’m amazed at the length of legend the engravers were able to get on such a small coin.
Lucas HMay 29, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_1432.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 143221 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint 71 A.D. (3.15g, 18.3mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR PPP, laureate head right. Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE; Victory adv. left, with wreath and palm, at lower right EPE. RIC II 1432 (R2).

A scarce issue from the East. This example seems to have a die flaw on the EPE, but otherwise the obverse lettering is strikingly sharp.
1 commentsLucas HMay 29, 2015
Titus_as_Caesar_RIC_V874.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC II V087416 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 76 A.D. (3.31g, 19.3mm, 6h). Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS, laureate head right. Rev: IOVIS CVSTOS, Jupiter stg. facing, with patera over alter and scepter. RIC II V874, BMC V305, RSC 106.

A reverse shared contemporaneously with Vespasian. This specimen has some wear but the flan is very well formed and the coin is well centered.
Lucas HMay 22, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_1431.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 143126 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Ephesus Mint. 71 A.D. (3.20g, 17.5mm 11h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P PP, laureate head right. Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE (from high r.); Victory adv. r. with wreath an palm, at lower r., EPE. RIC II 1431, BMC 457, RSC 276, RPC 833.

This specimen has a tight flan but full weight. While the obverse is slightly off center, it retains full legends, and the reverse is well centered.
Lucas HMay 22, 2015
Augustus_RIC_I_86a.jpg
02 Augusts RIC I 86a54 viewsAugustus. 27 B.C.-14 A.D.. Colonia Patricia Mint. 19 B.C. (3.13g, 18.4mm, 2h). Obv: CAESAR AVGSTVS, bare head right. Rev: SIGNIS RECEPTIS, Aquila on l. and standard on r. flanking SPQR arranged around shield inscribed CL V. RIC I 86a, BMC 417, RSC 265.

An important historical type commemorating the return of the legionary eagles lost by Crassus to the Parthians in the battle of Carrhae in 53 B.C. This example has wonderful toning, is perfectly centered, and retains complete legends, even the CL V on the shield is preserved better than the photograph shows.
3 commentsLucas HMay 04, 2015
Domitian_RIC_II_75.jpg
Domitian RIC II 007558 viewsDomitian, 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 81, 13 Sept.-31 Dec. (2.96g, 18mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DIVI VES[P F DOMITIA]N AVG PM, laureate head left. Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P, tripod with fillets; above dolphin. RIC II 75 (R2), RSC 568d, BMC 22 note. Ex Forum.

Another early, and scarce Domitian. It was produced within the first 3 months of Domitian’s reign, and is another carryover of al type issued under Titus the obverse legend and left facing portrait combination make this a scarce type.

In Flavian coinage, rarity is measured not only by number of examples, but also number of known die combinations. Demonstrating the scarcity of this coin, my example is both an obverse and reverse die match to David Atherton's http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-97819.
4 commentsLucas HMay 04, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_522.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 052249 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 73 A.D. (3.52g, 19.6mm, 5h). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII CEN, laureate head right. Rev: SALVS AVG, Salus seated left, with patera. RIC II 522, BMC 97, RSC 432v).

This is a common coin with an uncommonly stellar portrait. Its well centered with complete legends. Salus is associated with safety and wellbeing of the individual and the State.
5 commentsLucas HMay 04, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_523.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 052323 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 73 A.D. (3.16g, 19.8mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII CEN, laureate head right. Rev: SPQR in oak wreath. RIC II 523, BMC 86a, RSC 517.

This is a good example of a common type with good centering and full clear legends.
2 commentsLucas HMay 04, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_940.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 094039 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome 77-78A.D. (3.42g, 17.0mm, 6hr). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left. Rev: COS VIII, Mars standing l. with spear and trophy and to r., corn ear. RIC II 940 (R), RSC 127, BMC 203 var. Ex Forum.

This type was issued with, and without the corn ear to the right of Mars. The addition of the corn ear fits into the agrarian theme introduced in Vespasian’s coinage during the same time period. A well centered example of this type with complete legends.
2 commentsLucas HMay 04, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_980.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 098036 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome mint. 77, July-78, Dec. A.D. (3.39g, 19mm, 6h). Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVS, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XIX across field. Modius with corn ears. RIC II 980, BMC 216, RSC 216.

Part of Vespasian’s agrarian series, this is a solid example of the type. The coin is nicely toned, well centered, and has complete legends. I also like this example as it has a error in the legend with AVS as opposed to AVG on the obverse.
3 commentsLucas HMay 04, 2015
Titus_as_Caesar__RIC_II_1073.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC II V107313 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 79, to 24 June A.D. (3.10g, 19.8mm, 5h). Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS, laureate head right. Rev: TR POT VII COS VII, quadriga left, with flower. RIC II V1073, BMC V256, RSC336.

This type was a part of the last series of denarii with Titus as Caesar prior to Vespasian’s death. Unlike previous issues, this reverse type was not contemporaneously shared with Vespasian, but the reverse was used by Titus upon becoming emperor. Despite the wear, Titus' beard it clearly evident on this specimen.
Lucas HApr 27, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_1060.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 106027 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 79, to June 24 A.D. (3.18g, 18.5mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left. Rev: TR POT X COS VIIII; Capricorn l.; below, globe. RIC II 1060 (R), BMC, RSC 556.

While worn, this specimen with the left facing portrait is well centered. The Capricorn reverse was a copy from an issue of Augustus and was in keeping with the Flavians’ frequent use of antiquarian designs. The same reverse was used by Titus the same year following his father’s death.
Lucas HApr 27, 2015
Titus_RIC_II_20.jpg
Titus RIC II 002029 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 79 A.D. after July 1. (2.92g, 19.0mm, 5h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head left. Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII PP, Capricorn left; below, globe. RIC II 20 (R2), RSC 282.

This reverse type was a copy from an issue of Augusts and was in keeping with the Flavians’ use of antiquarian designs. This reverse was used by Vespasian prior to his death, and Titus continued with its use upon becoming emperor. Despite some wear, this is a nice example, well centered, and darkly toned
Lucas HApr 27, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_1058.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 105830 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 79, to June 24 A.D. (3.37g, 17.2mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: TR POT X COS VIIII; Capricorn l.; below, globe. RIC II 1058, BMC 251, RSC 554. Ex Forum.

A worn, but well centered, example of a common denarius from Vespasian’s last year. The Capricorn reverse was a copy from an issue of Augustus and was in keeping with the Flavians’ frequent use of antiquarian designs. The same reverse was used by Titus the same year following his father’s death.
Lucas HApr 25, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_1427A.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 1427 Variant63 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. Ephesus Mint. 77-78 A.D. (2.98g, 17.4mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR PPP, laureate head right. Rev: AVG in oak wreath (no mark). RIC II 1427 Varian.

The interest in this coin is its identity. The Ephesus mint issued the AVG in an oak wreath with EPHE, V1427. I have carefully examined this coin in various types of light, with, and without a loop and other types of magnification. The tassel above the bottom of the wreath is clearly visible and not that worn, and any issue mark would likely be visible in that area. It is my opinion there is no mint or issue mark on this coin.

David Atherton, another Flavian collector at the Forum has a Vespasian 1429 with no mint mark and a Titus as Caesar V1444 with no mint mark as well making it possible there was a series in Ephesus in 71 A.D. without the marks.
3 commentsLucas HApr 20, 2015
Vespasian_RIC_II_1339.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 133950 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. uncertain Spanish mint, 69-70 A.D. (3.42g, 18.0mm, 0 h.). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left. Rev: LIBERTAS PVBLICA; Libertas stg. l. with pileus and rod. RIC II 1339 (R2).

A fairly scarce coin from a short run from an unknown mint, but tentatively assigned to Spain, perhaps Tarraco. This was a fairly common reverse under Galba from his Spanish mint, and the left facing portraits were common there as well.

This example is a bit off center and has some wear, but the coin maintains a good weight. The die axis is interesting as well at an unusual zero degrees.
Lucas HApr 20, 2015
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Vespasian RIC II 084812 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 76 A.D. (3.22g, 18.8mm, 6h ). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left. Rev: COS VII across field; Eagle, stg. front on garlanded base, thunderbolt in claws, wings open, head l. RIC II 848, BMC 184, RSC 120.

Listed as common, the examples in this series with left facing portraits seem to be difficult to come by in decent condition.
Lucas HApr 20, 2015
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Vespasian RIC II 147513 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. . Uncertain Asian Mint (“o” mint) 76 A.D. (2.79g, 18.9mm, 6h ). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right, small “o” under head (not visible on this example). Rev: FIDES PVBL; hands clasped over caduceus, two poppies and two corn ears. RIC II 1475, BMC 490, RSC 163a, RPC 1452.

Another example from the “o” mint which produced a brief series in 76 A.D. Based on stylistic links, this is thought to have originated from Ephesus, but that is not certain. All of the coins from this series are scarce. This specimen is worn, but well centered.
Lucas HApr 20, 2015
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Domitian RIC II 076311 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint. 93, Sept.-94, Sept. (2.94g. ( mm) 6hr). Obv: IMP CCAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP XIII, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XXII COS XVI CENS PPP, Minerva stg. r. with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her l. side (M3). RIC II 763.

With some wear, this common Domitian retains full legends. This was struck during a period of high production of denarii for Domitian, perhaps to support help finance the Second Pannonian War.

Lucas HApr 06, 2015
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Vespasian RIC II 098377 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 77, July- 78, Dec. (3.31g, 18mm, 7hr). Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left. Rev: IMP XIX in exergue; sow l. with three piglets. RIC II 983, BMC 214, RSC 214. Ex CNG.

A scarce left facing portrait on one of Vespasian’s agrarian series. While the updated RIC lists the left facing varieties of the agrarian series as common, they are much more difficult to find than the left. With an oblong flan and wear, this example still has complete legends.
5 commentsLucas HApr 06, 2015
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Titus RIC II 012443 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. ( 3.46 g, 18mm, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII PP, seat draped; above triangular frame decorated with five or more palmettes (ex CNG, Michael Joffre Collection)

A sharp example from Titus’ pulvinara series. This example has a well formed frame, and the details are quite sharp. Despite its smaller flan, the legend is complete, and the obverse is stellar. In hand the coin is nicer and less grainy than the picture makes it appear.
3 commentsLucas HMar 30, 2015
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Vespasian RIC II 004320 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 71 A.D. July-Dec. (2.98g, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: AVGVR (above) TRI POT (below); Priestly implements. RIC II 43, BMC 50, RSC 43.

Despite the irregular flan shape, this is a well preserved specimen of Vespasian’s earlier coinage. At this point in his coinage, the portrait is unmistakably and consistently that of Vespasian as with this example.
Lucas HOct 20, 2014
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Domitian RIC II 06869 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint 89, 14 Sept.-31 Dec.. (3.31g,, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P VIIII, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XXI COS XIIII CENS PPP, Minerva stg. r. on capital of rostral column with spear and shield; to r., owl (M2). RIC II 686.

Another common Domitian in decent condition with full and legible legends. During this time, Domitian was rapidly accumulating Imperatorial titles indicating intense military activity. Domitian did not take the Consulship in 89 A.D., and with IMP XXI and TR P VIIII this issue came at the end of 89 A.D.

Lucas HOct 20, 2014
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Domitian RIC II 073210 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 91, 1 Jan.- 13 Sept. A.D. (4.45g, , 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P XI, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XXI COS XVI CENS PPP, Minerva stg. l. with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her l. side (M3). RIC II 732.

Another common Domitian in decent condition with full and legible legends. This issue only has denarii with a single bust type and the four standard Minerva reverses reflecting some of the monotony of Domitian’s coinage.
Lucas HOct 20, 2014
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Domitian RIC II 076122 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint 93, 14 Sept.-94, 13 Sept. (3.40g, 19mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P XIII, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XXII COS XVI CENS PPP, Minerva advancing right with spear and shield (M1). RIC II 761, BMC 214, RSC 283b.

This is a common denarius of Domitian’s reign in acceptable condition with complete legends if a bit worn. The lettering behind Domitian’s head is remarkably sharp and was probably saved from some wear by the head itself.
1 commentsLucas HOct 09, 2014
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Titus as Caesar RIC II V146030 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. Ephesus Mint. 74 A.D. (2.85g., 17.0mm, 6h). Obv: IMP T CAESAR COS III, laureate head right. Rev: CONCORDIA AVG, Ceres std. l. on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; in exergue star. RIC II V1460 (R2), BMC V477, RSC 39a, RPC 856. Ex. Forum.

This is another from the series issued in Ephesus with issue marks. On this worn example, there is just a star in exergue. RIC rates this issue as more scarce that the same reverse sporting both a star and annulet under Ceres’ chair.
Lucas HSep 27, 2014
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Vespasian RIC II 146450 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Ephesus Mint. 74 .D. (3.41g, 0 h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR PPP, laureate head right. Rev: CONCORDIA AVG, Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and coruncopiae; below throne, annulet; in exergue star. RIC II 1464 (R2).

This is a rare issue from Ephesus with both an annulet and star. The meaning of the marks used in Ephesus remain a mystery. This reverse was contemporaneously used in Rome, but the Ephesus examples used an ornate, high-backed, chair, and Ceres is holding corn ears and poppy compared with a patera in the Rome example on a plain chair.
4 commentsLucas HSep 16, 2014
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Vespasian RIC II 1422C51 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Ephesus Mint. 71 A.D. (2.59g, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P, laureate head right. Rev: CONCORDIA AVG, Ceres std. l. on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears, poppy, and cornucopiae, in exergue, BY in monogram. RIC 1422C.

This type was unknown when updated RIC was published, but a few have surfaced since. There are two more in private collections here at the forum, and at least two others as well. In the upcoming addendum to the RIC, this type is tentatively assigned 1422C.
5 commentsLucas HAug 10, 2014
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Domitian RIC II 074237 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint 92, 14 Sept.-93, 12 Sept. (3.19g, 18mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P XII, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XXII COS XVI CENS PPP, Minerva stg. l. with spear (M4). RIC II 742. BMC 207. RSC 278. Ex CNG. From Collection DF.

A common denarius of Domitian in very good condition. This period saw the largest issues of denarii during Domitian’s reign

2 commentsLucas HJul 30, 2014
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Domitian, Fouree games7 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. Unknown, unofficial mint. (1.62g, 6h). Obv: [I]MP CAES DOMIT [], laureate head right. Rev: , COS XIIII across field; column inscribed LVD SAEC FEC; all within laurel wreath. Copying RIC II 604.

I’ve seen a number of Domitian fouree denarii, but the issue this one attempts to copy is what interested me. The original was minted to celebrate the Secular Games, and only issued for a brief time. If you were going to copy something, it would see the ubiquitous Minerva reverses would be more likely to avoid close scrutiny.
Lucas HMay 25, 2014
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Domitian RIC II 033477 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 85 A.D. (3.08g, 22mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P IIII, laureate head right with aegis. Rev: IMP VIIII COS XI CENS POT PP, Minerva stg. r. on capital of rostral column with spear and shield; to r. owl (M2). RIC II 334 (R2).

This is one of a scare issue of precious metal coinage from 85 A.D. immediately after the fineness of the silver and the weight were reduced to standards approximating those of Nero. In addition to the issue itself being scarce, the use of the aegis on the portrait is very rare in Domitian’s coinage. Despite the flan flaw, this is a decent example of a scarce type.
8 commentsLucas HMay 13, 2014
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Domitian RIC II 076432 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 93 14 Sept.-94, 13 Sept. A.D. (3.77g, 18.8mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P XIII, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XXII COS XVI CENS PPP, Minerva standing left with spear (M4). RIC II 764.

This period of Domitian’s reign saw tremendous issues of denarii with the ubiquitous four Minerva reverse types. The lettering on this example is crowded, probably reflecting the hurried production of dies during this period.
2 commentsLucas HMar 18, 2014
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Domitian as Caesar under Titus RIC II T026641 viewsDomitian as Caesar. 69-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 80-81 A.D. (3.23g, 18.5mm, 6h). Obv: CAESAR DIVI F DOMITANVS COS VII, laureate head right. Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, Altar, garlanded and lighted. RIC II T266, BMC T92, RSC 397a.

A unique pulvinaria reverse type for Domitian at the time used both as Caesar and emperor. The addition of “DIVI F” on Domitian’s coins in 80 A.D. help scholars determine that Vespasian’s deification had taken place by 80 A.D., although it arguably took place before in 79 A.D..

While worn, the legends on this example are complete.
1 commentsLucas HMar 12, 2014
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Domitian as Caesar RIC II V149254 viewsDomitian as Caesar. 69-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Uncertain Asian Mint (“o” mint) 76 A.D. (3.07g, 18.5mm, 6h). Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITANVS, laureate head right. Rev: COS IIII across field; Eagle stg. facing on garlanded base, wings open, head right. RIC II V1492 (R), BMC V487, RSC 45c.

The Flavian’s mysterious “o” mint was likely in Ephesus given stylistic links with earlier issues from that mint and the use of an annulet similar to the “o” in the last issue from 74 A.D.. This example has the same dies as the Oxford example illustrated in the updated RIC, previously owned by Curtis Clay, and coming from the BMC collection through Bob Arnold before that. The small number of dies from this mint speaks to the “o” mint’s limited output.
5 commentsLucas HMar 12, 2014
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Domitian RIC II 078918 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 95, 14 Sept.-96, 13 Sept. A.D. (3.47g, 18.8mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P XV, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XXII COS XVII CENS PPP, Minerva standing left with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her side (M3). RIC II 789.

A common Domitian denarius with complete legends and a full flan. This specimen has very sharp lettering and very little wear on the obverse.
Lucas HFeb 13, 2014
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Domitian RIC II 067019 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 88, 14 Sept.-89, 13 Sept. A.D. (3.49g, 19.3mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P VIII, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS PPP, Minerva standing left with spear (M4). RIC II 670.

A common Domitian denarius with complete legends and a full flan.
Lucas HFeb 13, 2014
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Titus as Caesar RIC II V098625 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 77, July-78 Dec. A.D. (3.01g, 19.4mm, 6h). Obv: T CAESAR VESPASIANVS, laureate head right. Rev: IM[P XIII, in exergue; Sow left, with three piglets. RIC II V986. BMC V227, RSC 104.

This is a continuation of Vespasian’s agrarian issue which was mirrored in Titus’ coins as Caesar. This example is worn, but decently centered.

Lucas HDec 16, 2013
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Titus RIC II 003129 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 79 A.D., after July 1. (3.38g, 18.7mm, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head left. Rev: TRP VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII PP, Trophy; below, captive kneeling right. RIC II 31 (R2).

This reverse type was common for Titus and was a carryover from Titus as Caesar. This type is dated after 1, July as that is the date Titus took TRP VIIII. The left facing portrait on this issue is very scarce, so it is odd to note that this example is not from the same dies as the RIC plate coin or the example shown at wildwinds. This example, while worn, is well centered and retains complete legends and devices.
Lucas HDec 16, 2013
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431/1 A. Plautius 49 viewsA.Plautius. Republic: AR Denarius.. 55 B.C. (3.71g, 18.8mm, 5 h). Obv: . Turreted head of Cybele right, A PLAVTIVS before, AED CVR S C behind. Rev: BACCHIVS, IVDAEVS, kneeling figure facing right with palm branch in left hand, camel behind. Crawford 431/1. Hendin 1443, Plautia 13

This coin is historic in that it probably references Rome’s first involvement in Judaea, and the supplicant on the reverse may very well be Aristobulus.
4 commentsLucas HDec 13, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 009530 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 82 A.D. (3.12g, 18.2mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS, laureate head right. Rev: TR POT COS VIII PP, curule chair; above wreath. RIC II 95.

This was a part of Domitian’s first issue of 82 A.D. before the coinage was reformed. This issue used the same eight main reverse types as his denarii of 81 A.D. including this pulvinaria type. While worn, this example is well centered and has full legends.
3 commentsLucas HDec 13, 2013
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01 Julius Caesar, Captives19 viewsJulius Caesar. AR Denarius. Military mint traveling with Caesar in Spain. c. 46-45 B.C. (3.71g, 19.5mm, 6h). Obv: Diademed head of Venus right, Cupid on shoulder. Rev: Gallia seated in attitude of mourning and a Gaulish male captive, hands bound, seated beneath trophy, possibly Vercingetorix. CAESAR in Exergue. RSC 13. Craw. 468/1.

This type was minted during Caesar’s final campaign against Pompeian forces in Spain. The obverse refers to Caesar's mythical descent from the goddess Venus. The reverse refers to Caesar's victories in Gaul and the male Gaulish captive may be Vercingetorix. Not perfect, but well centered, a good state of preservation, with a clear CAESAR on the reverse.
Lucas HNov 04, 2013
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01 05 Julius Caesar27 viewsJulius Caesar. AR Denarius. Utica? Mint. 46 A.D. (3.7g, 16mm, 10h). Obv: DICT ITER COS TERT, head of Ceres right, wreathed with grain. Rev: AVGVR PONT MAX, emblems of the augurate and pontificate; aspergillum, guttus, and lituus; M (munus=gift) to right. Craw. 467/1b, Syd. 1024.

This was likely used as a donative by Caesar during his triumph of 46 B.C. While porous, this example is well centered, and the M is clearly on the flan.
Lucas HNov 04, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 065926 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 88, 14 Sept.-89, 13 Sept. A.D. (3.25g, 19mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP VIII, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XVII COS XIIII CENS PPP, Minerva standing left with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her left side (M3). RIC II 659 (R). BMC 149, RSC 245.

Denarii of the issues from 88 to 89 A.D. are all fairly scarce. The issues at this time may have been short lived as Domitian rapidly acquired titles possibly evidencing significant military activity.
2 commentsLucas HNov 04, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 141444 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint, 70 A.D. (2.64g, 17.3mm, 7h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR PPP, laureate head right. Rev: AVG and symbol in oak wreath. RIC II 1414 (R3).

When the RIC II was updated, this type was only known by one example. Since, a couple of others have surfaced including another at CNG, and one in a private collection displayed in a Forum gallery to which mine is a reverse die match. This could be the fourth known specimen of this type. It pays to know your symbols in these series as this was listed by the seller as RIC 1408, a more common issue.
3 commentsLucas HNov 04, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 001664 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 70 A.D., Jan.-June. (3.21g, 18mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: CAESAR AVG F COS CAESAR AVG F PR, heads of Titus, bare, right, and Domitian, bare, left, confronting. RIC II 16 (R). BMC 2. RSC 5.

Not surprisingly, his sons and the conquest of Judaea were the first issues addressed in Vespasian’s precious metal coinage. I have really wanted one of these early, dynastic types, for my collection. Although listed as rare (R) by the RIC they are out there. It was just a function of finding the right balance between condition and budget which this example managed for me.
6 commentsLucas HOct 22, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 034333 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 85 A.D. (3.22g, 20.4mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P V, laureate head right. Rev: IMP VIIII COS XI CENS POT P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield, to right, owl (M2). RIC II 342 (R2).

A common reverse from a scarce issue in 85 A.D. This was issued just after the silver coinage was refined again, this time reducing the fineness back to Neronian standards. 85 A.D. saw the addition of the Censorial title for Domitian reduced here to CENS POT. This specimen is a much better color than the picture shows and is well centered with complete legends.
2 commentsLucas HOct 16, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 068624 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 74 A.D. (3.36g, 19.5mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PONTIF MAXIM, Caduceus, winged. RIC II 686 (R), BMC 146, RSC 366.

Although undated, this series falls into the dated issues of 74 A.D. (COS V) with the obverse legend used. Although the caduceus is a new type for Vespasian in this year, it was previously used by Augustus. While worn, this specimen has full legends.
1 commentsLucas HOct 16, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 078730 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 95, 14 Sept.- 96 13 Sept. A.D. (3.33g, 19.3mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P XV, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XXII COS XVII CENS PPP, Minerva advancing right with spear and shield (M1). RIC II 787.

This is a common Minerva type from the end of Domitian’s reign. While well worn, the coin is well centered and retains complete legends. This is a part of the last great issue of Domitian’s silver before his assassination on September 18, 96 A.D.
2 commentsLucas HOct 02, 2013
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Titus RIC II 012317 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 80 A.D. 1 Jan.- 30 June. (3.13g, 18.3mm, 6h). IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head left. Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII, PP, Seat, draped; above, semicircular frame with three crescents. RIC II 123, BMC 60, RSC 311.

Another left facing head on a pulvinaria type, thought to be related to the inauguration of the Flavian Amphitheater. Still listed as common, the left facing specimens seem fewer and father between than their right facing counterparts. This coin has a tight flan, but maintains full legends and devices.
Lucas HOct 02, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 106925 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 79 A.D. to June 24. (3.23g, 18.6mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left. Rev: TR POT X COS VIIII, Victory standing left, placing shield on trophy; below captive standing left. RIC II 1069 (R), RSC 553, BMC 248.

A scarce left facing example of an issue from Vespasian’s final months. This same reverse was used by Titus for one of the divus Vespasian series. While worn, this example is well centered with full legends.
1 commentsLucas HOct 02, 2013
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Titus RIC II 010929 viewsTitus 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 80 , 1 Jan.-30 June A.D. (2.91gm 18.9mm 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head left. Rev: TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII PP, curule chair, wreath above. RIC II 109 (R), BMC 70, RSC 319.

Another left facing head on a pulvinaria type, thought to be related to the inauguration of the Flavian Amphitheater. This coin is dated before 1 July, as Titus took TRP X on that date. I rarely upgrade, but this example was well priced and much nicer than the example I previously had in my collection.
2 commentsLucas HSep 07, 2013
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Domitian as Caesar RIC II V096142 viewsDomitian as Caesar 69-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 77-78 A.D. (3.43g 18.6mm 6h). Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right. Rev: COS V high across field; Wolf and twins, in exergue, boat. RIC II V 961, BMC V240, RSC 51.

A common coin of Domitian as Caesar, I’ve been looking for an example for my collection for some time. This one fit the bill balancing price and condition. While worn, all the major devices and legends are there. This was a new reverse type during this time, and most of the Flavian reverses during this period were antiquarian in style if not direct copies of older coins.
4 commentsLucas HSep 07, 2013
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028/3 Didrachm/Quadrigatus 37 viewsAnonymous. AR Didrachm-Quadrigatus. Uncertain or Rome Mint c. 225-214 B.C. (6.26g, 20.9m, 9h). Obv: Laureate head of Janus. Rev: Jupiter, hurling Thunderbolt and holding scepter in Quadriga right driven by Victory. Roma in relief in linear frame. Craw. 28/3, Syd. 65, RSC 24. CNG276/320.

One of Rome’s pre-denarius silver coins issued before the Second Punic War, and the introduction of the denarius circa 214-211 B.C.

I wanted to trace the evolution of Roman coinage, so I couldn’t pass this one up when I saw it. More information on the type can be found here: andrewmccabe.ancients.info.

2 commentsLucas HAug 30, 2013
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095/1a Victoriatus52 viewsAnonymous. 211-208B.C. AR Victoriatus. Uncertain Mint. (2.74g, 16mm, 12h). Obv: Laureate head of Jupiter right. Rev: Victory standing right, crowing trophy; VB monogram between. Crawford 95/1a. Sydenham 113, RSC 36m.

An interesting denomination, he Victoriatus circulated at the same time as the denarius but was made of debased silver and could have been valued at ¾ a denarius. It was hoarded separately from denarii, and could have been used for trade in southern Italy among the Greek colonies. It was later remade into the Quninarri keeping the victory motif from the old Victoriatus.
1 commentsLucas HAug 30, 2013
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Titus as Caesar RIC II V156051 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Antioch Mint 72-73 A.D. (3.33g, 17mm, 6h). Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT, laureate bust right, draped. Rev: CONCORDIA AVGVSTI, Concordia std. left, with patera and cornucopiae. RIC II V1560 (R2), BMC V514, RSC 44. Ex Harry N. Sneh. Gemini X, January, 2013, resold later CNG esale 308.

Although slightly off center, this example has a nice bust (as opposed to head because of the draping), and very little wear. This is a scarce issue for Titus from the Antioch Mint. Concordia, representing harmony, was a common theme of the Flavians following the instability of The Year of Four Emperors, 69 A.D.
3 commentsLucas HAug 18, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 141155 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint, 70 A.D. (3.14g, 19mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR PPP, laureate head right. Rev: LIBERI IMP AVG VESPAS, Titus and Domitian, veiled, togate, stg. front, heads l. each with patera; in exergue, Ɵ. RIC II 1411 (R), BMC 443, RSC 249.

This example of a scarce Vespasian from Ephesus has striking weakness on the obverse, but the reverse is quite nice with the issue mark, Ɵ, clear on in the exergue. Vespasian acted early to promote his two sons as successors. The issue marks from Ephesus remain one of the mysteries of Flavian coinage.
3 commentsLucas HAug 18, 2013
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Titus RIC II 012054 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. Rome Mint, 80 A.D. 1 Jan.-30 June. (3.36g, 17.8mm, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head left. Rev: TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII PP, Seat draped; above winged thunderbolt. RIC II 120. BMC 56. RSC 315.

Although on a tight flan, this specimen maintains a decent weight, and most of its legends. The legends are sharper than the picture shows. This is part of the pulvinaria series introduced by Titus in 80 A.D. A unique series without precedent in Roman coinage, the types could be linked to the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 A.D, or, more likely, the inauguration of the Flavian Colosseum where seats for honored guests would be provided.
4 commentsLucas HAug 10, 2013
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Titus RIC II 005478 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 79 A.D. after 1 July. (2.84g, 18.6mm, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head left. Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XV COS VII P P, Venus standing right, leaning on column, with helmet and spear. RIC II 54 (R2), BMC 25, RSC 286.

This is a worn, but scarce, denarius from early in Titus’ reign. Even the right facing portrait of this issue is rated as (R), but the left facing portrait is more scarce. Only the third issue of this series has IMP XV, with the preceding two showing IMP XIIII. Despite the few numbers of these, this is not a die match to the RIC plate coin which is the same coin used in the BMC plate 44, coin 15.
8 commentsLucas HAug 03, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 014536 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 82-83 A.D. (3.23g, 19.0 mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: SALVS AVGVSTS (in. clockwise from lower l.), Salus seated left with corn ears and poppy. RIC II 145 (R), BMC 54, RSC 412.

In late 82 A.D., Domitian dramatically reformed the mint, increasing the fineness of the silver issues to Augustan standards after years of decline. New reverse types, such as this Salus appeared, and Domitian’s portrait began to change to a more idealized look. Salus was the Roman goddess of safety, salvation, and welfare. Given Gresham’s Law, many of these post-reform coins are quite scarce.
2 commentsLucas HAug 01, 2013
Domitian_RIC_II_73.jpg
Domitian RIC II 007385 viewsDomitian, 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 81, 13 Sept.-31 Dec. (2.96g, 18mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG PONT, laureate head right. Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P, tripod with fillets; above dolphin. RIC II 73 (R3), RSC 568b.

This is another early, and very scarce Domitian with only one other specimen known to the authors of the updated RIC II. It was produced within the first 3 months of Domitian’s reign, and is another carry over type issued under Titus. Despite some slight metal flaws, this example maintains good detail, and the beard is stellar.
8 commentsLucas HJul 17, 2013
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Greek: Athens Tetradrachm29 viewsAthens, AR Tetradrachm. c. 393-300 BC. (16.9 g., 24mm). Obverse: Helmeted head of Athena right (eye triangular, seen in perspective). Test cut. Reverse: AOE, Owl standing right, head facing, olive sprig and crescent behind, all within incuse square. Test cut. Cf: Sear Greek 2537.

This example of a Fourth Century (probably late Fourth Century) Owl is well centered on a tight flan. This type is alternatively described as Intermediate Style, Late Classical, Hellenistic, or Transitional. Less storied and more common than a Fifth Century Owl with Athena's almond shapped eye, I like this example.
Lucas HJul 06, 2013
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Greek: Athens Owl, Van Alfen 0838 viewsAttica, Athens, AR Tetradrachm. 393-300 B.C.. (20.6 mm, 17.12 grams). Obverse: Head of Athena right, eye in profile, banker's marks. Reverse: Owl standing to right, head facing, to right AOE, A-theta-E, to left, olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square, banker's marks. . Ex David Hendin. Van Alfen, Peter. American Journal of Numismatics, second series, volume 16-17, number 8, this coin.

This was part of a hoard David Hendin let Peter Van Alfen used for his article cited above. This example (as coins 14, 34, 37, 51 and 74 in Van Alfen's article cited above) bear the so-called quatrefoil countermark, a countermark found extensively on coins circulating in Egypt in the late fourth century. This mark might have been used by the Persian administration there at the time. (Van Alfen 2002b: 67-69)

Lucas HJul 06, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 094240 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 77-78 A.D. (3.46g, 17.9mm, 6h). Obv: IMP [C]AESAR VESP[ASI]ANVS AVG, laureate head left. Rev: COS VIII, prow right, above, eight pointed start with extra ray between. RIC II 942, BMC 211, RSC 137.

Although an irregularly shaped flan, this specimen is quite thick as the weight shows. Despite the wear on the coin, the devices on the reverse are quite clear, especially on the prow. RIC lists both the left and right facing portraits of this type as equally common, I see far fewer left facing examples. The prow was a reverse type used by Marc Antony, and reintroduced by Vespasian at this time, near the end of his reign.
1 commentsLucas HJun 29, 2013
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534/2 Octavian, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa44 viewsOctavian and M. Vipsanius Agrippa. AR Denarius. Military mint moving with Octavian. c. 38 A.D. (3.48g, 18.2mm, 6h). Obv: DIVOS IVLIVS DIVI F, confronting heads of Julius Caesar, wreathed r., Octavian, bare headed, l. banker's marks Rev: M AGRIPPA COS DESIG. Craw. 534/2, Vipsania 2.

An exceedingly rare issue, I had to have this despite its condition. Worn, but not beyond recognition, this was an issue under the authority of Agrippa who was governor of Gaul at the time. This is a first use of confronting busts which became more common on dynastic issues of the Empire. The picture does not show it well, but the reverse legend is all there.
1 commentsLucas HJun 29, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 060414 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 88 A.D. (3.06g, 18.4m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII, laureate head right. Rev: COS XIIII across field; column inscribed LVD SAEC FEC; all within laurel wreath. RIC II 604, BMC 137, RSC 70.

Minted in 88 A.D. to commemorate the Secular Games held in October of that year. The Secular Games were held each saeculum, the supposed longest possible length of a human life. Augustus and Claudius celebrated the games, and dating became dubious by the time Domitian announced his.
Lucas HJun 27, 2013
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Titus RIC II 008927 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 79-80 A.D. (3.13g, 19.5m, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: BONVS EVENTVS AVGVSTI, Bonus Eventus standing left with patera, corn ears, and poppies. RIC II 89, BMC 106, RSC 25.

This example is in great condition for my collection with complete and clear legends. Bonus Eventus was the divine personification of “good outcome” originally associated with agriculture, but later broadened. An early coin of Vespasian used this reverse (1375) from an unknown mint, and the reverse was among the earliest issues for Galba as well.
2 commentsLucas HJun 27, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 084919 viewsVespasian. 69-79A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 76 A.D. (3.31g, 18.6m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: IOVIS CVSTOS, Jupiter standing facting, with patera over alter and scepter. RIC II 849, RSC 222, BMC 276.

Dated to coins with COS VII with obverse die links, this is a new type issued for 76 A.D. This is a decent specimen of this common type issued towards the end of Vespasian’s reign.


Lucas HJun 27, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 093815 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 77-78 A.D. (3.45g, 19.5m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left. Rev: COS VIII, Mars standing left with spear and trophy. RIC II 938, BMC 202, RSC 126.

This is example has a common reverse, but the less common left facing portrait. This is also example of Vespasian’s use of antiquarian designs as this reverse copies one of L. Valerius Flaccus. With a full flan, and an excellent obverse legend, the scratch on the obverse and wear on the reverse to do not detract too much from this coin.
Lucas HJun 27, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 043521 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 86 A.D. (3.19g, 20.9m, 6h) Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP V, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XII COS XII CENS PPP, Minerva advancing right with spear and shield (M1). RIC II 435 (R).

While the four standard Minerva types were established at this point, the issues in 86 A.D. are more scarce than earlier and later years with a much lower output from the mint. With a full flan and complete legends, this is a decent example of this type.
Lucas HJun 27, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 066712 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 88-89 A.D. (2.92g, 18.8m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP VIII, laureate head r. Rev: IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS PPP, Minerva advancing right with spear and shield (M1). RIC II 667, RSC 252.

A decent example of one of Domitian’s Minerva types which had become standard by this point. While the reverse types did not change much, the titles did as he quickly accumulated Imperatorial titles during this time. 88 A.D. also saw the Secular Games in Rome of October of that year
Lucas HJun 27, 2013
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Domitian as Caesar RIC II V108131 viewsDomitian as Caesar. 70-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 79 A.D. to 24 June. (3.02g, 18.9m, 6h ). Obv: CɅESɅR ɅVG F DOMITINVS COS VI, laureate head right. Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, hands clasped over Aquila on prow. RIC II V1081, RSC 393, BMC V269.

The obverse legend should read DOMITIANVS, but the die engraver forgot the “A” in this example. Still, it’s in a great state of preservation for a common coin of Domitian as Caesar in the last months of Vespasian’s life.
1 commentsLucas HJun 27, 2013
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07 Galba RIC I 168 Clashed dies25 viewsGalba. AR Denarius. Rome Mint July 68- Jan. 69 A.D. (3.29g, 19.6m, 11h). Obv: IMP SER GALBA AVG, laureate head right. Rev: [SPQR/OB]/CS in three lines in oak-wreath. Reverse clashed dies. RIC I 168 (R). RSC 287a.

With complete obverse legends and a high relief portrait, the obverse is worn and the coin is on an oblong flan. The reason I added this to my collection is the reverse. I initially thought the reverse was an obverse brockage, which had been restruck. A more experienced collector pointed out it was produced by clashed dies. An interesting oddity.
Lucas HJun 27, 2013
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Titus RIC II 000113 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 24 June-1 July 79 A.D. (3.19g, 19.5m, 6h). Obv: IMP T CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: TR POT VIII COS VII, Trophy, below, captive kneeling right. RIC II 1 (R), RSC 334a, BMC 1.

Titus’ accession was never in doubt, and this first issue was produced in a narrow window of mere days between Vespasian’s death and Titus taking TRPVIIII copying a design Titus used as Caesar (RIC II V1076). This type likely reminds his fellow Romans of Titus’ victory against the Jews.
Lucas HJun 27, 2013
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Titus RIC II 010476 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 80 A.D. 1 Jan.-30 June. (3.36g, 18.3mm, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right. Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Captives, two, back to back, seated on either side of trophy, man on l. woman on r. RIC II 104 (R).

The rare aspect of this type (compared with the more common Titus 102) is that the male captive is on the left, and the female is on the right. While a small difference, it is significant in terms of scarcity. This is the only example I’ve seen in trade of this type, and with a full weight, well centered on its flan, and full legends, it is in good condition as well.
4 commentsLucas HJun 27, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 145357 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint. 73 A.D. (late). (2.69g, 19.9mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS IIII TR PPP, laureate head right. Rev: CONCORDIA AVG, Ceres std. l. on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and coruncopiae; in exergue, star. RIC II 1453 (R2); RPC 850.

Very few of the Ephesus denarii are classified as common in the updated RIC, but those with COS IIII are exceedingly rare. Of three denarii types know with COS IIII, all but this type are R3 (only one example known to the authors at the time of publication). This is the only one of this series I've seen outside the RIC II plate coin and another in a personal collection here at the Forum. Given its scarcity, I was surprised mine was not an obverse or reverse die match to that plate coin.

The Concordia reverse was contemporaneously used in Rome, but the Ephesus examples used an ornate, high-backed, chair, and she is holding corn ears and poppy compared with a patera in the Rome example on a plain chair. Despite some wear, this coin has full legends and devices on a large flan. The portrait is also the high relief typical of coins minted in Ephesus.
2 commentsLucas HJun 25, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 066937 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 88, 14 Sept.-89 13 Sept. A.D. (3.28g, 19.3mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P VIII, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS PPP, Minerva standing left with thunderbolt and spear, shield at her l. side (M3). RIC I 669, RCV 2732, RSC 251, BMC 153. Ex CNG.

A common denarius of Domitian in very good condition. The legends are complete and sharp, and there is very little wear, even on the highest points. 88 A.D. was the probable year of the Secular Games, and also saw a revolt in Upper Germany. 89 A.D. saw Domitian in Germany, a victory over the Dacians, and a double triumph.
3 commentsLucas HJun 22, 2013
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06 Nero RIC I 1539 viewsNero. 54-68 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 54 A.D. Oct.-Dec.. (3.43g, 19.1mm, 9h) . Obv: NERO CAESAR AVG IMP, bare head right. Rev: PONTIF MAX TR P IIII PP around oak-wreath enclosing EX SC. RIC I 15 (R2).

A worn but scarce pre-reform denarius from early in Nero’s reign. Despite the wear, the weight of this specimen is quite nice. The EX SC with the oak wreath could allude to the Senate’s awarding of the corona civica to Nero. This specimen also has a very unusual die axis for imperial coinage of the Roman mint from this time.
1 commentsLucas HJun 22, 2013
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09.5 Civil Wars RIC I 12148 viewsCivil Wars. 69 A.D. AR Denarius. Southern Gaul mint. 69 A.D. (2.97g, 18.5mm, 6h). Obv: FIDES, above EXERCITVVM, below clasped hands. Rev: FIDES, above,PRAETORIANORVM, blow, Clasped r. hands. RIC I 121; RCV 2048.

This is thought to be an issue by pro Vitellian forces in southern Gaul for the purpose of influencing Otho’s Praetorians in the capital. In March 69 AD, Vitellian commander Fabius Valens entered Italy from Southern Gaul at the head of a small band to sway the loyalty of Otho’s forces, and this type of coin would have been “bribe” money for that purpose.
1 commentsLucas HJun 22, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 014430 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 82-83 A.D. (3.31g, 18.3mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CASES DOMITIANVS AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: IVPPITER CONSERVATOR, eagle standing front on thunderbolt, wings outspread, head left. RIC II 144 (R).

Despite the flan crack, I like this obverse which has a full and sharp legend. This would have been issued after Domitian’s monetary reform returning the silver content of imperial denarii to pre-Neronian times. This also has a wide flan and is well toned.
2 commentsLucas HJun 19, 2013
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Titus as Caesar RIC II V147029 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint, 74 A.D. (3.18g, 18.6m, 6h). Obv: IMP T CAESAR COS III, bearded, laureate head r. Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE (from high r.), Victory advancing r., with wreath and palm, at lower r., star, below annulet. RIC II 1470, RPC 857, RSC 123. Ex CNG 277/227.

The PACI AVGVSTAE reverse shown here is unique to the Ephesus mint, as are the issue marks. There are a number of issues with the star from this mint, but fewer with the annulet in conjunction with the star.
The condition of this coin makes it one of my better Titus specimens. His beard is clearly visible, and the star and annulet are pristine.
1 commentsLucas HJun 19, 2013
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Titus RIC II 011528 viewsTitus 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 1 Jan. –June 30 A.D. (2.93g, 18mm, 6h). Obv: IMP TITUS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right. Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, elephant, cuirassed, standing left. RIC 115, RSC 303. CNG 263/314.

Issued contemporaneously with the pulvinaria series, this type lends credence to the theory those coins were minted to commemorate the opening of the Colosseum. Although showing some wear, this example is well centered and has complete and clear legends on the obverse and reverse.
2 commentsLucas HJun 19, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 106620 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. (3.01g, 18.7mm, 6 hr.) Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left. Rev: TR POT X COX VIIII, statue of radiate male figure (sol?) with spear and parazonium, on rostral column. RIC II 1066 (R) . Ex CNG.

As Vespasian’s death came in June 24, 79 A.D., this is among his last issue. A rostral column is a monumental column typically to commemorate a great military victory. The obverse has a complete legend. But for a soft strike from 9:00 until 11:00, the reverse is almost as nice. Not much wear on the highest points of either side, this coin is in good condition.
1 commentsLucas HJun 19, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 142723 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint 71 A.D. (3.13g, 16.4mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P, laureate head right. Rev: AVG and EPHE in oak wreath. RIC II 1427, RPC II 8129, RSC 40. Ex CNG.

Although the reverse of this coin is off center, neither side of the coin shows much wear. With a tight flan, it’s amazing the obverse legend is complete. While nice, it is also a very shiny coin with no signs of toning. This is my first coin from Ephesus with a "mintmark."
1 commentsLucas HJun 19, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 155518 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Antioch Mint 72-73 A.D. (3.23 g./16.5m). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right. Rev: NEP RED, Neptune standing left, foot on globe, acrostolium in right, long vertical scepter in left. RIC II 1555, RPC II 1928. RSC II 274. Ex Forvm.

Tight flan. High relief portrait which does not show well in picture. I must be learning something because I think I could tell the style was not quite the same and the Flavians I have minted in Rome. Love this coin.
Lucas HJun 13, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 141224 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint. 70 A.D. (3.09g, 17.9m, 0h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR PPP, laureate head right. Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE, Victory advancing left with wreath and palm, at lower l. sideways ɸ. RIC II 1412 (R), RSC 278a. Ex. Forum.

A wonderful high relief portrait typical of the Ephesus mint. This is a fairly scarce issue with the issue mark clear at the lower left of Victory’s feet. This reverse is unique to the Ephesus mint as is the abbreviation VESPAS.
Lucas HJun 13, 2013
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08 02 Otho RIC I 1221 viewsOtho. 15 Jan. to April 69 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 69 A.D. (3.23, 18.5mm, 6h). Obv: IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head left. SECVRITAS P R, Securitas standing left, wreath in right, scepter in left. RIC I 12, RSC 19. Ex Forum.

While coins of Otho are fairly rare given the short length of his reign, this issue is perhaps more so with the left facing bust. (RIC 3). Otho supported Galba’s revolt, and then turned on Galba when he wasn't named Galba's heir. He committed suicide after his forces were defeated by those of Vitellius during the Year of the Four Emperors. A nicely centered and well toned coin.
Lucas HJun 13, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 059626 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 14 Sept.-31 Dec. 88A.D. (2.97g, 19.2m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP VIII, laureate head right. Rev: COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC, herald advancing left with wand and shield decorated with Minerva. RIC II 596, RSC 76. Ex Forum.

Another of Domitian’s series commemorating the Secular Games held in 88 A.D. The Games were previously celebrated by Augustus and Claudius. The Minerva is clear on the Herald’s shield in this example while many are not clearly struck or are worn off.
Lucas HJun 13, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 060147 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 14 Sept.-31 Dec. 88 A.D. (3.33g, 19.4mm, 6h) Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII, laureate head right. Rev: COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC inscribed on column; to r., incense burner; further r., Herald stg. l., with wand and shield. RIC 601, BMC 135, RSC 73.

Minted in 88 A.D. to commemorate the Secular Games which were held each saeculum, the supposed longest possible length of a human life. Augustus and Claudius celebrated the games, and dating became dubious by the time Domitian announced his. This type is listed as common, but I rarely see examples in trade. The specimen has full legends, and unlike many, the Minerva is still visible on the herald’s shield.
4 commentsLucas HJun 08, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 032262 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 85 A.D. (3.48g, 19.6mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP IIII, laureate head right with aegis. Rev: IMP VIIII COS XI CENSORIA POTESTAT PP, Minerva stg. left, with spear (M4). RIC II 322 (R2). Ex. CNG.

This is an exceedingly rare Domitian, this may be the third known specimen that shares dies with the other two known examples. Domitian’s Censorial title was added at this time, and began as CENSORIA POTESTAT as seen on this example before being shortened to CENS POTES. Coins with these titles are rare indicating the production may have been short lived. It’s also a rare example of the portrait with an aegis.
3 commentsLucas HJun 04, 2013
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Antiquity New Kingdom Scarab of Tuthmosis III53 viewsNew Kingdom. 18th Dynasty. Tuthmosis III (circa 1504-1450 BC). Steatite scarab (14x10mm). Base engraved with the cartouche of Tuthmosis III; on the left, a Maat father and the crown of Lower Egypt. Intact, once glazed, pierced for mounting. Ex David Hendin collection. CNG Auction 93.

Scarabs were used as lucky and magical charms in ancient Egypt. Scarabs, such as this one, with the names of pharos, were particularly powerful, and were produced as protective amulets for the public. Hendin’s collection of scarabs were collected by him in Israel in the 1970s and 1980s.
2 commentsLucas HJun 04, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 134057 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Uncertain Spanish Mint. 69-70 A.D. (3.39g, 18.9mm, 0h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS [AVG], laureate head left. Rev: VICTORIA IMP VESPASIANI, Victory standing left on globe, with wreath and palm. RIC II 1340 (R), BMC 362, RSC 630.

In the original RIC and BMCRE, this series was assigned to Tarraco, but the coins have distinctive characteristics that separate them from that issue. In the revised RIC, they are assigned to an uncertain Spanish mint. This attribution is “fluid” however pending further research and potential die link studies.
6 commentsLucas HMay 25, 2013
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Titus RIC II 013223 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 80 A.D. 1 Jan.-30 June. (2.89g, 18.5mm, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, Laureate head right. Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII PP, tripod with fillets; above dolphin; above tripod two ravens, l. and r. and a wreath under the dolphin. RIC II 132 (R2). Ex. CNG.

Some variations of this type lack the ravens on top of the tripod (T128), but not this example. The larges output of Titus’ precious metal coinage took place during this period of the first six months of 80 A.D. Not the best specimin of Titus, but this is example is more scarce than the one lacking the ravens.
1 commentsLucas HMay 25, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 155731 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Antioch Mint. 72-73 A.D. (2.85g, 16.8mm, 6h). Obv: [IMP C]AES VESP AVG PM COS IIII, laureate head right. Rev: VICTORIA [AVGVSTIE], Victory stg. r., crowning standard and holding palm. RIC II 1557 (R2), BMC 509, RSC 618. Ex David Atherton.

This is a very scarce Antioch copy of a contemporary Roman issue. The style of the portrait and lettering gives it away as an Antioch issue. While some of the coins of this issue are common, this one is not. Also, some of the reverse types of this issue were issued for Vespasian and Titus, while this reverse is only known for Vespasian thus far.
1 commentsLucas HMar 06, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 0601A114 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 88 A.D. (2.78g, 18.5mm, 6h) Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP VIII, laureate head left. Rev: COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC inscribed on column; to r., incense burner; further r., Herald stgl l., with wand and shield. RIC 601A (R3). Ex Harry N. Sneh via David Atherton.

This coin is thus far unique and unpublished. It was found by a metal detector in Hushwaite, North Hampshire in 2009. Carradice was made aware of the coin in 2010, and it should be assigned 601A in the upcoming RIC II addenda. The actual find is registered at the UKDFD site Ref No: 16818. http://www.ukdfd.co.uk/ukdfddata/showrecords.php?product=16818&cat=135&date=1231717536
7 commentsLucas HMar 06, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 006226 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint. 13 Sept.- 31 Dec. 81 A.D. (3.42g, 18.6mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P, Minerva standing left, with Victory and sceptre; at feet, shield. RIC II 62.

Minerva, Domitian’s patron goddess, became ubiquitous on his coinage, and the four standard types began appearing in series by 83 A.D. On this early denarius of Domitian, Minerva is seen holding Victory, a type not used in his later coinage.
2 commentsLucas HFeb 26, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 033945 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint. 85 A.D. (3.39g, 21.4mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P IIII, laureate head right with aegis. Rev: IMP VIIII COS XI CENS POT PP, Minerva standing left with spear (M4). RIC II 339 (R2), BMC 80, RSC 176. Ex Harry N. Sneh via David Atherton.

This scarce Domitian has a wonderfully large flan and full weight and unusual use of the aegis on the obverse portrait. This coin was part of a fourth issue in 85, A.D., all of which are exceedingly scarce (R2 and R3). This was issued after the silver content was again reduced. With TRP IIII, this was probably issued before mid-Sept.
2 commentsLucas HFeb 22, 2013
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Titus as Caesar RIC II V148135 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. Uncertain Asian Mint (“o” mint). 76 A.D. (2.89g, 18.4mm, 6h). Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS, laureate head r., annulet below tip of neck. Rev: COS V, across field; eagle standing left, head right, wings half raised, on altar. VF. RIC II V1481 (R), BMC 485, RPC 1457. Ex. Harry N. Sneh Collection.

A scarce issue from the elusive “o” mint in operation for the Flavians in 76 A.D. Showing the scarcity of this issue, this same obverse die was used for the RIC plate coin for 1482, BMC pl. 17.14, and my two other Titus “o” mint coins V1485 and V1486.
2 commentsLucas HFeb 14, 2013
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Titus as Caesar RIC II V148535 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. Uncertain Asian Mint (“o” mint). 76 A.D. (2.95g, 19.4mm, 0h). Obv: T CAES IMP CESP CENS, laureate head r., annulet below tip of neck. Rev: FIDES PVBL, hands clasped over caduceus, two poppies and two corn ears. RIC II 1485 (R), RPC 1459. Ex. Harry N. Sneh Collection.

A scarce issue from the elusive “o” mint in operation for the Flavians in 76 A.D. Showing the scarcity of this issue, this same obverse die was used for the RIC plate coin for 1482, BMC pl. 17.14, and my two other Titus “o” mint coins V1481 and V1486. This specimen also has an unusual 0 degree die axis.
2 commentsLucas HFeb 14, 2013
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Titus as Caesar RIC II V148648 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. Uncertain Asian Mint (“o” mint). 76 A.D. (3.39g, 19.5mm, 6h). Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS, laureate head right, annulet below tip of neck. Rev: PON MAX TR P COS V, winged caduceus. About VF. RIC II 1486 (R2), RPC 1460. Ex. Harry N. Sneh Collection.

A very scarce issue from the “o” mint. This may be only the fourth known specimen of this coin (ANS, Berlin, and David Atherton). This type is not in the BMC, the Paris collection, or Cohen. This example is also a good example of the lax standards at this mint as the title “Pon Max” is inappropriate for Titus as Caesar. Also note the small number of dies used in this series as this obverse die is shared by my other two “o” mint Titus coins, BMC pl. 17-14, and RIC 1482.
2 commentsLucas HFeb 14, 2013
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Roman Empire, Titus RIC II 108218 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. Rome Mint. 80 A.D. 1 Jan.-30 June. (3.24g, 18.6mm, 5h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head r. Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, curule chair, above wreath. RIC II 108, BMC 66, RSC 318.

2 commentsLucas HFeb 09, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 005654 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint. 81 A.D. 13 Sept.-31 Dec. (3.32g, 18.8mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT, laureate head r. Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII PP, Minerva adv. r. with spear and shield. RIC II 56 (R2), BMC 299, RSC 560a. Ex. Harry N. Sneh collection.

A very early and scarce Domitian with PONT in the obverse. There are very few recorded specimens for this denarius, Rome, Reka Devina hoard, F.Gnecchi in Riv. Ital. 1896, and C. Clay collection. The Clay example is same dies as this specimen.
3 commentsLucas HFeb 09, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 059760 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint. 88 A.D. 14 Sept.-31 Dec. (3.17g, 19.7mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP VIII, laureate head left. Rev: COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC, herald walking left, with wand and shield. RIC II 597 (R2), Obv. legend var. of BM 133. Ex. Harry N. Sneh collection.

An exceedingly rare Saecular Games reverse with the portrait left. This is possibly the third reported specimen, Berk at Vcoins 2005 shown in the RIC plate, and CNG 53, 2000, lot 1523. Both of those specimens are of the same dies as this one.
1 commentsLucas HFeb 09, 2013
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Roman Empire, Domitian as Caesar RIC II V23874 viewsDomitian as Caesar 70-81 A.D.. AR Denarius, Rome Mint, 76 A.D.* (3.34g, 19.2m, 6h). Obv: CAESAR A[VG F] DOMITIANVS, laureate head r. Rev: COS IIII, Pegasus right. RIC II V921, BMC V193, RSC 47. Lucas HFeb 09, 2013
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Titus RIC II 003734 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. Rome Mint. 79 A.D. after 1 July. (3.16g, 18.6mm, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: TRP VIIII IMP XV COS VII PP, Capricorn left; below, globe. EF. RIC II 37 (R), BMC 35, RSC 294. Ex. Harry N. Sneh Collection.

With full legends this is a decent example of a scarce type. This reverse was used by Vespasian and copies an earlier issue of Augustus.
2 commentsLucas HFeb 02, 2013
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Titus RIC II 003840 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. Rome Mint. 79 A.D. after 1 July. (3.29g, 18.6mm, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head left. Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XV COS VCII P P, Capricorn left; below, globe. About VF. RIC II 38 (R2). Ex. Harry N. Sneh collection.

An exceedingly rare left facing bust of this already scarce type. Showing the limited number of dies for this issue, this example is a die match for the RIC plate coin, David Atherton’s example, and an obverse die match for the Wild Winds example. This type is lacking in many of the major museum collections.
3 commentsLucas HFeb 02, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 002959 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint. 81 A.D. (3.30g, 19.2mm, 5h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT, laureate head r. Rev: COS VII DES VIII PP, Minerva standing left with Victory and spear; at fee, shield. About VF. RIC II 29 (R3). Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

The RIC lists this as R3 with the only other known specimin held in the C. Clay collection. That coin is listed, but not pictured in the plates of the updated RIC. That specimen is from the same dies as this one and has the same 5 o'clock die axis. There is at least one other specimin out there in a private collection I am aware of, and more may surface as time goes on.
3 commentsLucas HJan 31, 2013
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Domitian RIC II 045426 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint. 86 A.D. (3.40g, 19.1mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VI, laureate head r. Rev: IMP XIIII COS XII CENS PPP, Minerva advancing right brandishing spear and holding shield. (M1). EF. RIC II 454 (R), BMC 320, Cohen 208. Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

All of Domitian’s issues of denarii in 86 A.D. are scarce. Issues with IMP XIIII and COS XII, before the end of 86 A.D. are very scarce indeed. This is a decent example with full legends and a decent weight.
Lucas HJan 31, 2013
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Titus RIC II 010884 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. Rome Mint. 80 A.D. 1 Jan.-30 June. (3.24g, 18.6mm, 5h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head r. Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, curule chair, above wreath. RIC II 108, BMC 66, RSC 318. Toned. EF. Ex Harry N. Sneh collection.

A stellar example of a common coin. I’ve had the left facing bust of this type for some time, and was finally able to add the more common right in a high quality.

One of the new series of pulvinaria series thought to be issued to commemorate the opening of the Flavian Amphitheater.
6 commentsLucas HJan 28, 2013
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Titus as Caesar RIC II V036639 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 72-73 A.D. (3.38g, 19.7mm, 6h). Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT, laureate head r. Rev: NEP RED, Neptune stg. l. r. foot on globe with acrostolium and sceptre. RIC II V 366, BMC V80, RSC 121. Ex Harry N. Sneh collection.

A type issued earlier for Vespasian in 71 AD for Rome, and again in Antioch. This is a type that gives thanks to Neptune for a successful return by sea voyage, here probably Titus’ return from the east following his success in the Jewish War. Despite the wear and irregular flan, this example has a nice portrait.
1 commentsLucas HJan 28, 2013
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Titus as Caesar RIC II V069316 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 74 A.D. (2.94g, 19.0mm, 6h). Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESP, laureate head r. Rev: PONTIF TR P COS III, Caduceus, winged. RIC II V693 (R), BMC V152, RSC 159. Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

A scarce example of a Titus as Caesar mirroring the identical issue for Vespasian. No examples of this type were in the Reka Devina hoard. The caduceus, misinterpreted by medieval scholars to be associated with doctors, was actually a characteristic of Mercury and associated with commerce and trade.
Lucas HJan 28, 2013
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Titus as Caesar RIC II V070616 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 74 A.D. (3.29g, 19.6mm, 7h). Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN, laureate head r. Rev: PONTIF TR P COS III, caduceus, winged. RIC II V706 (R), BMC 151, RSC 160. Ex Harry N. Sneh collection.

Another rare caduceus reverse with Titus as Caesar. Only one example of this type was in the Reka Devina hoard. The caduceus, misinterpreted by medieval scholars to be associated with doctors, was actually a characteristic of Mercury and associated with commerce and trade.
Lucas HJan 28, 2013
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Titus as Caesar RIC II V097220 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 77-78 A.D. (3.17g, 17.9mm, 6h). Obv: T CAESAR VESPASIANVS, laureate head r. Rev: ANNONA AVG, Annona std. l., with sack of corn ears. RIC II V972, BMC V319, RSC 17. Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

Late in his reign, Vespasian issued an agricultural series, of which this reverse was a part. The same series was issued contemporaneously for Titus. Annona was the imperial personification of Rome’s grain supply, and by these issues, the Flavians were confirming their ability to secure the same.
1 commentsLucas HJan 28, 2013
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Titus as Caesar RIC II V107839 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 79 A.D. to June 24. (3.38g, 19.1mm, 6h). Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS, laureate head r. Rev: TR POT VIII COS VII, Venus stg. r., leaning on column, with helmet and spear. RIC II V1078, BMC V255, RSC 332. Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This is part of the last precious metal issue for Titus before Vespasian’s death. This type carried over into Titus’s reign following his father’s death (T15, T34).

While worn, this example is well centered and retains full legends. This is also a good example of a “big” head and “bull necked” portrait of Titus. In Rome, later issues frequently sported a “small” head on the obverse portrait- see my Titus 108 as an example.
4 commentsLucas HJan 28, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 001927 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 70 A.D. Jan-June. (3.25g, 17.9m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head r. Rev: COS ITER FORT RED, Fortuna stg. l., r. hand on prow, with cornucopia. RIC II 19, BMC 7, RSC 84. Ex. Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This type thanks Fortuna for a successful return from Egypt where Vespasian stayed for some months after he was declared Emperor at the end of 69 A.D. A worn, but well centered example of an early denarius of Vespasian with a full weight and complete legends.
Lucas HJan 27, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 106535 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 79 A.D. to 24 June. (3.38g, 18.3m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: TR POT X COS VIIII, statute of radiate male figure (Sol?) with spear and parazonium, on rostral column. RIC II 1065 (R), BMC 254, RSC 559. Ex. Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This was among Vespasian’s last issue of denarii prior to his death. The rostral column is usually associated with a great military victory. Mattingly supposes this denarius shows the colossus, with the features of Nero or Titus, which was erected in 75 A.D. Recent scholarship questions if the figure isn’t Sol. This specimen has a broad flan, a full weight, and complete legends.
2 commentsLucas HJan 27, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 155441 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Antioch Mint. 72-73 A.D. (3.19g, 17.6m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM [COS IIII], laureate head right. Rev: CONCORDIA AVGVSTI, Concordia std. l. with patera and cornucopiae. RIC II 1554 (R2), BMC 505, RSC 74. Ex. Harry N. Sneh Collection.

A rare issue from Antioch copying an earlier type from Rome. Many of the denarii from Antioch are very rare, and some are misattributed to the Rome mint, but the distinct portrait and lettering styles can give them away as a product of Antioch. This example has a typical portrait and well centered reverse.
2 commentsLucas HJan 27, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 000550 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 21 Dec. 69 A.D.-early 70 A.D. (3.19g, 17.6m, 6h) Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AV[G], laureate head r. Rev: TITUS ET DOMIT[IAN CA]ES PRIN IV, Titus and Domitian riding r., hands outstretched. RIC II 5 (R), BMC p. 7, RSC 539. Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

Vespasian acted early to establish his sons as his successors as this denarius from his first issue at Rome shows. Worn, but well centered, this is a scarce denarius to find.
2 commentsLucas HJan 25, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 0006107 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 21 Dec. 69 A.D.-early 70 A.D. (3.17g, 17.5m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR [VESPASIAN]VS AVG, laureate head r. Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IV, Titus and Domitian std. l. on curule chairs, with branches. RIC II 6 (R), BMC 45, RSC 541. Ex. Harry N. Sneh Collection.

Another dynastic type from the first months of Vespasian’s reign and his from his first series of denarii at Rome. His victory over Judaea and establishing his sons as his successors were Vespasian’s first priorities with his minting authority.
3 commentsLucas HJan 25, 2013
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Titus RIC II 002818 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. Rome Mint. 79 A.D. after July 1. (2.76g, 18.7m, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: TRP VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII PP, statute of radiate male figure (Sol?) with spear and parazonium on rostral column. RIC II 28, BMC 13, RSC 272.

A carryover from Vespasian’s last issue before his death. This example is worn, but well centered with complete legends.
1 commentsLucas HJan 19, 2013
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Vespasian RIC II 054638 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 73 A.D. ( 2.92g, 18.8m, 12h). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS, laureate head right. Rev: PONTIF MAXIM (anit-clockwise), Vespasian seated right on curule chair, with sceptre and branch. RIC II 546, BMC 98, RSC 387. Ex. CNG.

This type is very common, but new in 73 A.D. Mid-way through 73 A.D, the legend direction switched on Flavian denarii, and this was one of the first issued with the right to left outward direction. Carradice and Buttrey note this type closely copies Tiberius’ seated figure type, the so called “Tribute Penny.” This issue also has the unusual 12 o’clock die axis.
2 commentsLucas HDec 12, 2012
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Vespasian RIC II 097756 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint, July, 77 A.D.-Dec. 78A.D. (2.95g, 19.1m, 6h). Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XIX in exergue; Goatherd seated left, milking goat left. RIC II 977 (R), BMC 220, RSC 220.

A scarce reverse from Vespasian’s agricultural series. While worn, the reverse legend is complete, and the goatherd and his goat are clearly visible.

4 commentsLucas HDec 01, 2012
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Vespasian RIC II 077646 viewsVespasian. 69-79A.D. Rome Mint. 75 A.D. (3.38g, 19.7m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PON MAX TR P COS VI, Victory stg. l. on cista mystica flanked by snakes. RIC II 776 (R), BMC 169, RSC 369. Ex CNG.

The silver issues of Ephesus seem to have ended in 74 A.D., and this type may have been minted in Rome for circulation in the east. This was a new type for the Flavians, but again, a resurrection type of older coins. This example is worn, but a wonderfully full flan and full weight as well.
2 commentsLucas HDec 01, 2012
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Vespasian RIC II 142835 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Ephesus Mint. 71 A.D. (3.02g, 16.6m, 7h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P, laureate head right. Rev: CONCORXIA AVG, Ceres std. l. on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears, poppy, and cornucopiae, in exergue, EPHE. RIC II 1428, BMC 453, RSC 67. Ex CNG.

Although porous, this eastern issue denarius has full legends and is well centered. The EPHE in exergue is on the flan, and very clear. This is part of the series of Flavian denarii minted in Ephesus with a series of issue marks, making an interesting collection area in its own right.

Lucas HDec 01, 2012
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Vespasian RIC II T0359b102 viewsVespasian memorial under Titus. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 80-81 A.D. (3.37g, 19.1m, 5h). Obv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS, laureate head right. Obv: Column mounted with shield and topped by urn, flanked by two laurels, in field EX, on shield SC. RIC II T359b.

In the catalog, RIC assigns one number to this type, Titus 359. However, a footnote explains that the EX is commonly on the sides of the column, but less frequently on either side of the urn. In the plates, both are shown as assigned a and b.

I’ve been looking for this type with the EX on either side of the urn for a long time, and finally came across one.
1 commentsLucas HNov 30, 2012
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Titus RIC II 010922 viewsTitus 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 1 Jan.-30 June 80 A.D. (2.87g, 17.9m, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head left. Rev: TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII PP, curule chair, wreath above. RIC II 109 (R),

With the more scarce left facing head, this is one of a new series of pulvinaria types, thought to be related to the inauguration of the Flavian Amphitheater. This coin is dated before 1 July, as Titus took TRP X on that date. The largest output of Titus’ denarii fell in the first six months of 80 A.D, thought perhaps to be due to the great fire in Rome.
Lucas HNov 17, 2012
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Vespasian LXF Countermark26 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AE Dupondius. Lugdunum Mint. 71 or 72 A.D. (10.93g, 28m, 6h) Obv: IMP C[AESAR V]ESPASIA[N AVG COS III] (1156), radiate head right, globe below. LXF countermark. Rev: SECVRITAS AVGVSTI; SC in ex., Securitas std. r., head resting on raised arm, with sceptre, to r. alter and torch. RIC II 1156 or 1197.

With pertinent portions of the legend obscured, it may be impossible to nail down the exact type. It was for the countermark that I obtained this coin however. Legio X Fretensis played a key role in the Flavian suppression of the Jewish Revolt, and was garrisoned in Jerusalem following the war. This coin traveled a long way from Lugdunum, where it was minted, to Judaea, where it was presumably countermarked.
Lucas HNov 17, 2012
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Nero RIC I 454 SPQR Countermark34 viewsNero. AD 54-68. AE As. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. c. AD 65. (10.47g, 28.9m, 6h). Obv: NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG [GER P M TR P] IMP P P Bare head right, globe at point of bust, SPQR Countermark on neck. Rev: PONTIF MAX [TR POT IMP P P], S C, Nero, as Apollo Apollo Citharoedus walking right, carrying lyre. RIC I 454.

Another coin obtained, not for the coin itself, but rather for the countermark. The SPQR countermark used primarily on coins of Nero minted in Lugdunum, these are thought to relate to the uprising of Vindex. Because of its connection with the uprising resulting in the end of Nero, I though it might have a place in my collection.
Lucas HNov 17, 2012
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Domitian as Caesar under Titus RIC II T027248 viewsDomitian as Caesar. 79-81 A.D. AR Quinarius. Rome Mint 80-81 A.D. (1.59g, 15.7m, 6h). Obv: CAESAR DIVI F DOMITIANVS COS VII, laureate head r. Rev: VICTORIA AVGVST (clockwise in), Victory adv. r. with wreath and palm. RIC II T272 (R).

A rare quinarius issued for Domitian as Caesar under Titus. It is through Domitian’s coinage with Divi F. that scholars determine Vespasian’s deification likely took place in 80 A.D. It appears the precious metal coinage of Titus was largely restricted to the first half of 80 A.D., perhaps because of the great fire in Rome.
3 commentsLucas HNov 06, 2012
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Vespasian RIC II 052025 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 73 A.D. (3.15g, 20.2m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII CEN, laureate head right. Rev: FIDES [PVBL], hands clasped over caduceus, two poppies, and two corn ears. RIC II 520, BMC 86, RSC 164.

Dated to 73 A.D. by Vespasian’s fourth consulship, and the addition of the censorship title in that year. 73 A.D. also saw the change in legend direction from clockwise to anticlockwise on the obverse of Flavian coinage. This coin perhaps alludes to public protection and concord in commerce and agriculture.
Lucas HOct 28, 2012
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Domitian RIC II 005434 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint. 13 Sept.-31 Dec. 81 A.D. (2.87g, 18m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: TRP COS VII DES VIII P P, dolphin coiled around anchor. RIC II 54, RSC 568.

Wonderful toning on this denarius from Domitian’s first months as Emperor. This is a carryover of a pulvinaria type issued under Titus.
1 commentsLucas HOct 14, 2012
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06 Nero RIC I 5528 viewsNero. 54-68 A.D. Rome Mint. 65-66 A.D. (3.30g, 18.7m, 5h). Obv: [N]ERO CAESAR AVGVS[TVS], laureate head right. Rev: ROMA in ex., Roma, helmeted and dr., seated l. on cuirass, r. holding Victory, l. parazonium by side, r. foot resting on helmet; shields, with greaves behind. RIC I 55 (R).

A worn denarius of Nero, but with an interesting reverse. Roma, deprecated frequently on denarii during the Republic, was as not frequently used during the empire. While not necessarily a scarce type, it seems less ubiquitous than Salas and Jupiter for Nero.
1 commentsLucas HOct 14, 2012
Vespasian_RIC_II_1477~0.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 147733 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius, Uncertain Mint, possibly Ephesus 76 A.D. (3.35g, 18.6m, 12h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right, “o” under neck. Rev: PON MAX TR P COS VII, winged caduceus. RIC II 1477 (R). RPC 1453.

An unknown mint produced these coins with an “o” on the obverse, probably in Asia Minor, and maybe Ephesus. Only denarii were produced in this manner. The coins were limited to 76 A.D. This type, as many in this series copies an earlier Roman reverse, but the quality of the engraving is lacking, even from earlier issues of Ephesus. RIC II p. 43-44.
Lucas HSep 29, 2012
Claudius_RIC_I_64.jpg
05 Claudius RIC I 6465 viewsClaudius. 41-54 A.D. Rome Mint 51-2 A.D. (3.32g, 18.4m, 0h). Obv: [TI CLA]VD CAESAR AVG PM TR P XI IMP P P C[OS V], laureate head right. Rev: SPQR/PP/OBCS in three lines in oak wreath. RIC I 64. RSC 96.

Claudius was put on the throne by the Praetorian Guard after the murder of Caligula, and was eventually murdered by Nero’s mother. This is a worn coin and common reverse during Claudius’ reign, but I wanted to obtain it as denarii of Claudius seem few and far between, second only to Gaius in the 12 Caesar series it seems.
4 commentsLucas HSep 08, 2012
Domitian_RIC_II_58.jpg
Domitian RIC II 005846 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint. 13 Sept.-31 Dec. 81 A.D. (3.37g, 18m, 6h) Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M, laureate head right. Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P, Minerva adv. Right with spear and shield. RIC II 58. Ex David Atherton.

A common coin in uncommon condition from Domitian’s first months as emperor. The majority of Domitian’s denarii from these months use the plvinaria reverses carried over from Titus. This Minerva type was carried over from Domitian’s type as Caesar under Titus
3 commentsLucas HSep 08, 2012
Anthony_Octavian.jpg
517/2 Octavian and Antony106 viewsMarcus Antonius and Octavian. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint, Spring-Summer 41 B.C. (3.42g, 19.1m, 0h)). Obv: M ANT IMP AVG III VIR R PC M BARBAT Q P, bare head of Antony r., Rev: CAESAR IMP PONT III VIR [R P C], bare head of Octavian r. Craw. 517/2, RSC 8a, RCV 1504.

A duel portrait of two of the three triumvirs. This example has fairly complete legends, and high relief portraits. This coin was minted before the Treaty of Brundisium, where the empire was apportion between the triumvirs.
1 commentsLucas HAug 22, 2012
Domitian_as_Caesar,_Fouree.jpg
Domitian, as Caesar Fouree34 viewsDomitian as Caesar under Titus, 79-81 A.D. Unofficial Mint. (2.77g, 19.2m, 5h). Obv: CAESAR DIVI F DOMITIANVS COS VI, laureate head right. Rev: PRINCEPTS [IVVE]NTVTIS, alter, garlanded and lighted.

This Fouree is in good condition and didn’t see extensive circulation. This example shows slight bubbling in the silvering and only a slight peek of the copper core beneath at the top of the alter’s flame. The portrait is also slightly off for this period of Domitian as Caesar under Titus.
1 commentsLucas HAug 13, 2012
Domitian_Fouree~0.jpg
Domitian, Fouree 268 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. Fouree Denarius. Unofficial Mint. (2.81g, 18m, 5h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP XI, laureate head right. Rev: IMI XXII [] PPP, Minerva standing left with thunderbolt and spear, shield at her l. side (M3). Cf RIC II 737.

Without the breaks in the silver, the unofficial lettering would give this away as a fouree, as would the die axis and light weight. Interestingly, this coin mimics RIC II 737 minted in 92 A.D. which RIC lists as vary rare (R2). IMP XXII was Domitian’s final imperial acclamation.
1 commentsLucas HAug 13, 2012
Galba_RIC_I_189.jpg
07 Galba RIC I 18937 viewsGalba April 3-Jan. 15, 69 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 69 A.D. (3.15g, 18.9m, 6h). Obv: [I]MP SER GALBA CAESAR AVG, laureate and draped bust right. Rev: [DI]VA AVGVSTA, Livia standing left, holding patera and scepter. RIC I 189, RSC 55a. ACCG IV, 59.

Upon Nero’s death, Galba was governor of Hispania Terraconensis, and marched to Rome. His short reign was ended by his murder in a plot hatched by Otho and the Praetorians. Many of his economic measures had been unpopular, including his refusal to “bribe” the Praetorians upon his ascension.
1 commentsLucas HJul 28, 2012
Vitellius_RIC_I_90.jpg
09 Vitellius RIC I 09093 viewsVitellius Jan. 2-Dec. 20, 69 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 69 A.D. (3.07g, 19.9m, 6h). Obv: A VITELLIVS GERM I{MP AVG TR P}, laureate head right. Rev: CONCORDIA PR, Concordia seated left holding patera & double cornucopiae. RIC I 90, RSC 18.

Vitellius is described by Suetonius as lazy and self-indulgent, fond of eating and drinking, and an obese glutton, eating banquets four times a day and feasting on rare foods he would send the Roman navy to procure.
2 commentsLucas HJul 28, 2012
Vitellius_RIC_I_105.jpg
09 Vitellius RIC I 10581 viewsVitellius. Jan. 2-Dec. 20 69 AD. AR Denarius (2.71 g, 17.6m, 5h). Rome mint. Struck circa April-December AD 69. Obv: A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right. Rev: LIBERTAS RESTITVTA, Libertas, draped, standing facing holding pileus & long rod. RIC I 105; RSC 47.

With the same devices as RIC I 81, the difference on this coin is the abbreviated title GERM. Vitellius was commander of the legions in Germania Inferior when the Rhine legions declared him emperor in 69 A.D. He would have resigned as emperor, but was not allowed to do so when Vespasian’s eastern legions marched on Rome, and was ultimately killed and Vespasian was installed as emperor ending the Year of Four Emperors.
Lucas HJul 28, 2012
Augustus_RIC_359~0.jpg
ARCH, Augustus, RIC 359194 viewsAugustus 27 B.C.-14 A.D. Moneyer L. Vinicius. Rome Mint. 16 B.C. (3.72g, 18.8m, 5h). Obv: Anepigraphic, bare head right. Rev: L Vinicivs in ex., Triumphal arch inscribed SPQR IMP CAE in two lines sur. by Quadriga bearing Augustus, r. holding laurel-branch, l. scepter; smaller arch on sides w archer on l. and slinger on r. RIC I 359 (R2). RSC 544.

This coin depicts Augustus’ triple arch, perhaps the first in Rome. Beginning as a double arch to commemorate his victory at Actium, the third arch was probably added to commemorate the return of the lost standards from Parthia. For a scarce type, this example is well centered and has good details on the reverse including complete legends.
1 commentsLucas HJul 27, 2012
Augustus_RIC_37a.jpg
02 Augustus RIC I 0037a68 viewsAugustus 27 B.C.-14 A.D. AR Denarius. Spanish Mint c. 19-18 A.D. (3.43g, 19.7m, 6h). Obv: AVGVSTVS CAESAR, oak-wreathed head right. Rev: DIVVS IVLIVS, to l. and r. of eight-rayed comet with tail upwards. RIC I 37a. RSC 98.

The Caesaris Astrum, or Star of Caesar, appeared in 44 B.C., mere months after Caesar’s assassination during the Ludi Victoriae Caesaris. The appearance of the comet was taken as a dramatic sign of the deification of Caesar, and not lost on Augustus as an ongoing propaganda opportunity as this coin demonstrates.
4 commentsLucas HJul 27, 2012
Augustus_RIC_220.jpg
02 Augustus RIC I 022047 viewsAugustus 27 B.C.-14 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum Mint 13-14 A.D. (3.57g, 19.5, 0 h). Obv: [CAESAR AVGVSTVS] DVI F PATER PATRRIAE, laureate head r. REV: [PONTIF] MAXIM, Liva as Pax seated r. on low-backed chair, vertical scepter in r., branch in left. RIC I 220 (R2), RSC 223.

Worn and on an irregular flan, I still wanted this example because of the reverse. Minted in his last year as emperor, this was Augustus’ precursor to Tiberius’ “tribute penny.” While this was one of many types during Augustus’ reign, it was one very few types for Tiberius.
1 commentsLucas HJul 27, 2012
Augustus_RIC_359.jpg
02 Augustus RIC I 035960 viewsAugustus 27 B.C.-14 A.D. Moneyer L. Vinicius. Rome Mint. 16 B.C. (3.72g, 18.8m, 5h). Obv: Anepigraphic, bare head right. Rev: L Vinicivs in ex., Triumphal arch inscribed SPQR IMP CAE in two lines sur. by Quadriga bearing Augustus, r. holding laurel-branch, l. scepter; smaller arch on sides w archer on l. and slinger on r. RIC I 359 (R2). RSC 544.

This coin depicts Augustus’ triple arch, perhaps the first in Rome. Beginning as a double arch to commemorate his victory at Actium, the third arch was probably added to commemorate the return of the lost standards from Parthia. For a scarce type, this example is well centered and has good details on the reverse including complete legends.
3 commentsLucas HJul 26, 2012
Sergia_1a.jpg
286/1 M. Sergius Silus67 viewsM. Sergius Silus. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 116-115 B.C. (3.81g, 17.98mm, 9h). Obv: Helmeted head of Roma, EcX SC before, ROMA X (XVI ligature) behind. Rev: helmeted horseman galloping left, holding sword and severed Gallic head in left hand, Q below horse’s forelegs, M SERGI below, SILVS in ex. RSC I Sergia 1a, Sear 163, Ex Warren Esty.

The reverse depicts the grandfather of the moneyer, who, during the Punic War, reportedly suffered 23 wounds and the loss of a hand but continued the fight. The EX SC on the obverse indicates the coin was struck by a quaestor by special decred of the Senate. Quaestors were the immediate supervisors of the moneyers, but occasional struck udner their own name as well.
3 commentsLucas HJul 26, 2012
Caesar_Elephant.jpg
01 01 Julius Caesar 106 viewsJulius Caesar. 49-44 B.C. AR Denarius. Military mint traveling with Caesar in Gaul. c. 49-48 B.C. (3.72g, 19.0m, 4h). Obv: CAESAR in ex., elephant r. trampling serpent. Rev: simpulum, sprinkler, axe surmounted by wolf’s head, and apex. Cr 443/1; Syd. 1006.

This is the first issue in Caesar’s name. The obverse could symbolize the victory of good over evil in general, or the victory of Caesar’s forces over the Pompeians specifically. The reverse clearly refers to Caesar’s status as Pontifex Maximus.
3 commentsLucas HMay 31, 2012
gaius_RIC_I_14.jpg
04 Gaius (Caligula) RIC I 014120 viewsGaius (Caligula). 37-41 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 37-38 A.D. (3.55g, 19.1m, 5h). Obv: [C CAE]SAR AVG GERM P M TR POT, laureate head right. Rev: AGRIPPINA MAT C CAES AVG GERM, Agrippina, bust, draped right, hair falling in queue down her neck. RIC I 14 (R), RSC 2. Ex personal collection Steve McBride.

Agrippina “the elder” was Gaius’ mother. Falsely accused of wrongdoing by Tiberius, Agrippina was exiled and died of starvation, whether self-imposed or at the orders of Tiberius, is not clear. Upon ascending the throne, Gaius, recovered his mother’s ashes, and restored her name. This coin commemorates the veneration of his mother.
10 commentsLucas HMay 31, 2012
Vespasian_RIC_II_0004.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 000456 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint Dec. 69 A.D. to early 70 A.D. (3.28g, 16.7m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head r. Rev: IVDAEA in ex., Judaea seated r, hands bound behind back to r. of palm tree. RIC II 4, R, BMC 43, RSC 229. Ex David Atherton.

Among the first issues for the new emperor, this coin shows Vespasian’s greatest victory, that of the Jewish War. This coin is less common that the type with Judea next to a trophy, and the palm also a symbol of Judaea. This specimen has a tight flan, but good detail on the reverse. This was issued before Vespasian’s arrival in Rome from Egypt when the die engravers were still at a loss for his true appearance.
5 commentsLucas HMay 26, 2012
Domitian_Cast_Limes_Denarius.jpg
Domitian, Cast Limes Denarius91 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AE Cast Limes Denarius. Uncertain Mint (2.54g, 20.5m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V, laureate head right. Rev: IMP VIII COS XI CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to right owl. (M2). Copies RIC 343. Ex Warren Esty.

There is a large degree of uncertainty about so called, limes denarii, found primarily on the frontiers of the empire. They might have been official products made in areas where silver was in short supply, or, they could be unofficial productions, and/or barbarous imitations. Whatever their role, I find them fascination. While many were struck, some, like this example, were actually cast. Some have evidence of a silver wash, but this specimen does not. Limes denarii remain an enigma, and that was a large part of the appeal of this coin for me.
1 commentsLucas HApr 28, 2012
Domitian_RIC_II_845.jpg
Domitian RIC II 084546 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm. Rome Mint for Asia. 82 A.D. (10.73g, 25.2m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG P M COS VIII, laureate head r. Rev: DOMITIA AVGVSTA, bust of Domitia, draped, right, hair massed in front and long plait behind. RIC II 845. RPC 866.

Cistophoric tetradrachms show enough stylistic links that most agree they were minted in Rome, but for circulation in the East. Valued at 3 denarii, cistophori, named for the cista mystica, the basket of snakes used during the initiation rites for the cult of Dionysus, were the denomination of the kingdom of Pergamum in Asia Minor.
3 commentsLucas HApr 28, 2012
Domitian_RIC_II_847.jpg
Domitian RIC II 084748 viewsDomitia. AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm. Rome Mint for Asia. 82 A.D. (10.66g, 26.6m, 6h). Obv: DOMITIA AVGVSTA, bust of Domitia, draped, right, hair massed in front and long plait behind, [pellet under bust.] Rev: VENVS AVG, Venus stg. r. leaning on column, with helmet and spear. RIC II 847.

My first example of an Empress during the era of the 12 Caesars. Cistophoric tetradrachms were valued at 3 denarii, and during the Flavian era, were likely minted in Rome for distribution in the East. Worn, and slightly off center, I still enjoy the denomination.
3 commentsLucas HApr 28, 2012
Vespasian_RIC_II_0021.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 002128 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 70-Jan-June A.D. (3.08g, 19m, 5h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: COS ITER TRPOT, Aequitas standing left with scales and rod. RIC II 21, BMC 17, RSC 94a.

Issued in Vespasian’s first year, this example has a more typical Vespasian portrait than others of this era which tend to favor Vitellius.
As an attorney, I love Aequitas which was the Roman personification of justice and equality. The scales persist as a representation of the same in the legal community today.
Worn, but with full legends and complete devices, this is a decent example of an early type.
1 commentsLucas HApr 28, 2012
Vespasian_RIC_II_1404.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 140445 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Ephesus Mint, 69-70 A.D. (2.97g, 17.4m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES VESPAS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: LIBERI IMP AVG VESPAS, Titus and Domitian veiled, togate, standing front, heads left, each with patera, sideways ɸ in exergue. RIC II 1404 (R).

The reverse inscription roughly translates as “the children of the Emperor Augustus Vespasian.” Vespasian acted early to establish his sons as his successors as shown by this example minted in his first year as Emperor. Initially attributed to Philipi, this series, characterized by the sideways ɸ, has been attributed to Ephesus by recent scholarship.
3 commentsLucas HApr 28, 2012
Aes_Rude~0.jpg
001.1 Aes Rude 2341 viewsRoman Republic. c. 4th C. BC. (15.57 grams. 22x22x7 mm). Found turn of the century excavations around Mt. Ingino, Gubbio, Umbria. Thurlow and Vecchi, plate #2, discussed page 15. Ex Warren Esty.

Aes rude, or rough bronze, was used for trade in on the Italian peninsula prior to the use of actual coins. These bronze bars were traded by weight on the Italian peninsula. The “rude” bars were eventually surpassed by marked bars (Aes Signatum).
1 commentsLucas HApr 28, 2012
Persian_Silos,_fouree.jpg
Persian Fouree Siglios34 views Persian Empire, Artaxerxes I-Darius III, c. 450-330 B.C. Lydia. Fouree Siglos (half-stater). (4.51g, 15.1m). Obv: Beardless archer, the Great King, kneeling right, dagger in right, bow in left. Obv: Oblong punch. Compare Sear Greek 4682. Ex Warren Esty.

A very early example of a fouree coin. It appears forgers have been plying their trade almost as long as the cealtors.
1 commentsLucas HApr 28, 2012
Vespasian_RIC_II_0964.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 096425 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 77-78 A.D. (3.39g, 19.7m, 6h). Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: ANNONA AVG, Annona standing left with stack of corn ears. RIC II 964, BMC 295, RSC 28. Ex CNG.

A decent example of a more common denarius of Vespasian. Without much wear, the reverse is marred by what has been described as a worn die.

Annona was the divine personification of the grain supply to Rome. She lacks a precedent in the Republic, but became an Imperial propaganda tool reflecting the emperor’s ability to care for his people by ensuring the grain supply.
1 commentsLucas HApr 28, 2012
Vespasian_RIC_II_0966.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 096632 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 77-78 A.D. (3.25g, 19.2m, 6h). Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left. Rev: ANNONA AVG, Annona standing left with stack of corn ears. RIC II 966 (R), BMC 298, RSC 30.

Minted in conjunction with an agricultural series, Annona served as an Imperial propaganda tool reflecting the emperor’s ability to care for his people by ensuring the grain supply.

Annona is one of the most common of the reverses from this series, but not with the left facing portrait, which as always, are much less frequent.
1 commentsLucas HApr 28, 2012
Domitian_Fouree.jpg
Domitian, Fouree81 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Fouree Denarius. Unknown Mint. (2.43g, 19.4m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM TP (no “R”) XI, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XXII COS XVII CENS PPP, Minerva standing left with spear (M4). Ex Warren Esty.

Fourees tend to be common during the Republic and era of the 12 Caesars. Ancient forgeries with a bronze core and silver coating, they were meant to pass as full silver pieces. This example has irregular lettering showing it was not made from official mint dies as some fourees appear to be, but an outright forgery copying a common type of Domitian.
Lucas HApr 28, 2012
Titus_RIC_II_103.jpg
Titus RIC II 010326 viewsTitus 79-81A.D. AR Denarius. Rome mint. . Jan.-July 80A.D. (3.15g, 18.7m, 7h). Obv: IMP TITVS CɅES VESPɅSIɅN ɅVG PM, laureate head l. Rev: TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, trophy with female seated l. in attitude of morning, and male captive seated r., hands bound behind back. RIC II 103 (R2) RSC 307.

This coin may serve to both symbolize a victory in Britain, and as a reminder of the Jewish victory. Titus issued a number of trophy-captive types during his short reign.

This specimen is worn, but has decent centering and complete legends. The left facing head is much rarer that the right, so I could not resist.
1 commentsLucas HMar 26, 2012
Vespasian_RIC_II_2.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 000298 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint 21 Dec. 69 to early 70 A.D. (3.07g, 18.5m, 6h). Obv: IMP [CAES]ɅR VESPɅSIɅNVS ɅVG, laureate head r. Rev: IVDɅEɅ in exergue, Judaea seated r., head resting on hand, in attitude of mourning, to r. of trophy. RIC II 02, RSC 266, BMC 35. Ex CNG.

Perhaps the iconic type of the reign of Vespasian, this commemorates the Flavian victory in the First Jewish Revolt culminating in the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D.

Despite some wear on the obverse, this example is well centered, and the reverse retains its detail.
Lucas HMar 26, 2012
Titus_RIC_II_0025.jpg
Titus RIC II 002535 viewsTitus 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 79 A.D. after 1 July. (2.66g, 18m, 5h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: TR P VIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P, quadriga left with corn ears. RIC II 25, BMC 18, RSC 278.

This type was already minted for Titus as Caesar earlier in 79 A.D., and the continuation of the type, demonstrates a seamless transition of Titus’ accession with little, if any, interruption of mint production. With an irregular flan and some wear on the highpoints, this specimen retains its legends and the detail on the horses pulling the quadriga appealed to me.
2 commentsLucas HMar 21, 2012
450_2_Decimus_Junius_Brutus_Craw_450_2.jpg
450/ 2 Decimus Junius Brutus26 viewsDecimus Junius Brutus. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 48 B.C. (3.76g, 18.7m, 3h). Obv: Head of Pietas right, PIETAS behind. Rev: Two joined hands holding a caduceus, ALBINVS BRVTI F below. Craw. 450/2, Syd 942, Postumia 10.

Decimus Brutus Albinus was a cousin of Caesar’s who became instrumental in his assassination in 44 B.C. Decimus Junius Brutus was adopted by Consul Aulus Postumius Albinus, added the cognomen Albinus thereafter. Decimus was the third to strike Caesar on the Ides of March, and the first of the assasins to be killed, albiet by a Gaul chieftan loyal to Antony while escaping from Gaul to join Brutus and Cassius.
Lucas HMar 14, 2012
Titus_as_Caesar,_Mule.jpg
x Fourree Mule of Titus as Caesar87 viewsTitus as Caesar. Unknown, unofficial, mint. (2.11g, 18.1m, 6h.) Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPSIAN, laureate head right. Rev: AVGV[R?] above, TRI P[OT], below, priestly implements. Reverse, RIC II V43.

Titus, as Caesar, never had the reverse with the priestly implements. That was Vespasian in 70A.D. The legends is anticlockwise. The style is unofficial, and the weight is low making it a likely fouree even in the absence of any break in the silvering.
1 commentsLucas HMar 14, 2012
Tiberius_RPC_I_3620.jpg
03 04 Tiberius RPC I 362044 viewsTiberius, 14-37 A.D. AR Drachm. Caesarea-Eusebia Mint. (3.61 g, 19.8m, 0) Obv: TIBEPIOS KAISAP SEABASTOS, Laureate head right. Rev: QEOY SEBASTOY YIOS, Mount Argaeus surmounted by a statute of Helios holding orb in right and long scepter verticle in left. Ex Forvm. 1 commentsLucas HMar 14, 2012
Vespasian_RIC_II_0029_1.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 0029.131 viewsVespasian 69-79A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint Jan-June, 70 A.D. (3.43g, 18.4m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: COS ITER TR POT, pax seated left with branch and caduceus. RIC II 29. Ex HBJ.

During this time, more and more of the portraiture reflects Vespasian’s characteristic features. Some still show signs of Vitellius, but Vespasian had been in Rome for some months now. These early runs only face right, are only inscribed from right to left which alternated on 73 A.D.

This is a duplicate, and one in which, despite agonizing over it, I cannot decide which I like better. The obverse of this is nicer, but I like the reverse of the other. Which do you like and why?
1 commentsLucas HMar 14, 2012
Titus_as_Caesar_RIC_II_V0861.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC II V086142 viewsTitus as Caesar. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. (3.4g, 19.81mm, 6h). Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN, laureate head right. Reverse: COS V, eagle on cippus, head left, thunderbolt in claws. RIC V861, Sear 2438, RSC 59(a). Ex David Hendin.

The thunderbolt is clear on this example, but not on others. RIC II describes this eagle as standing on a “garlanded” alter, but the ornamentation is not present on this example. This coin was issued in several variations in legend and facing.
Lucas HMar 14, 2012
Titus_RIC_II_0015.jpg
Titus RIC II 001535 viewsTitus 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome mint. After July 1, in 79 A.D. (3.02g, 17.4m, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CɅES VESPɅ[SIɅN AVG P M], laureate head right. Rev: TRP VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII, Venus standing right, leaning on column with helmet and spear. RIC II 15 (R2).

Titus became Augustus following Vespasian’s death on June 24, 79 A.D. in a smooth transfer of power. This coin was minted early in Titus’ reign before he received the title P P.
2 commentsLucas HMar 14, 2012
Marcus_Junius_Brutus_Craw__433_1.jpg
433/1 Marcus Junius Brutus 31 viewsMarcus Junius Brutus. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 54 B.C. (4.01g, 19.1m, 4h). Obv: LIBERTAS, head of Libertas r., hair in bun. Rev: BRVTVS in ex., consul Lucius Junius Brutus walking l., between two lictors, preceded by an accensus. Craw. 433/1, RCV 397.

Brutus, perhaps Caesar’s most famous assassin, shows his political leanings on this coin 10 years before the assassination. Lucius Junius Brutus, the first consul and founder of the Republic reportedly expelled the last Tarquin king from Rome in 509 B.C. This is referred to as “The coin that should have warned Caesar.”
1 commentsLucas HMar 12, 2012
Vespasian_RIC_II_0356.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 035620 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 72-73 A.D. (3.41g, 17.9m, 6h). Obv: [I]MP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII, laureate head r. Rev: AVGVR, above, TRI POT, below, priestly implements. RIC II 356.

A worn but legible example of this common type. An affordable example of this classic Vespasian type.
Lucas HMar 12, 2012
Vespasian_RIC_II_1408.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 140834 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint, 70A.D. (2.63g, 17.4mm, 7h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR PPP, laureate head r. Rev: AVG and Ɵ in oak wreath. RIC II 1408, RPC 817.

The obverse legend is worn on the right side, but the portrait is high relieve- typical of Ephesus. The reverse is off center, but the Ɵ is still visible in the center of the bottom of the wreath marking this coin’s mint. Thanks to Forum’s David Atherton for identifying this coin for me.
Lucas HMar 12, 2012
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Domitian as Caesar under Titus RIC II T027121 viewsDomitian as Caesar. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 80-81 A.D. (3.35g, 17.2m, 6h). Obv: CɅESɅR DIVI F DOMITIɅNVS COS VII, laureate head right. Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, draped seat with Corinthian helmet above. RIC II T271, Sear 2677, RSC 300a. Ex Warren Esty private collection.

This type, issued after the deification of Vespasian, is another of the pulvinaria types mirroring Titus’ issues of 80 A.D. The use of DIVI F corresponded with new precious metal types following the older types with AVG F and helps scholars date the deification of Vespasian.
Lucas HMar 10, 2012
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Domitian as Caesar RIC II V095734 viewsDomitian as Caesar AR Denarius. Rome Mint 77-78 A.D. (3.08g, 17.9m, 6h). CɅESɅR ɅVG F DOMITIɅNVS, laureate head right. Rev: COS V in exergue, horseman galloping r. r. hand raised behind. RIC II V957, BMC V234, RSC 49.

The rider is unidentified on this reverse. Theories range from some type of commemorative, to Domitian himself, and Mars calling Rome to battle in the East where Domitian desired a command around this time. This example is worn, but has full legends and decent reverse details.
Lucas HMar 10, 2012
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Domitian as Caesar RIC II V108435 viewsDomitian as Caesar. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 79 A.D to 24 June. (3.07g, 19.8m, 6h). Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS IV, laureate head right. Rev: PRINCEPTS IVVENTVTIS, Salus standing right, resting on column, feeding snake out of patera. RIC II V1084, BMC V265, RSC 384.

Salus, the Roman goddess of health, often appears on coins when the emperor labors under some type of aliment. This was minted in the months before Vespasian’s death on June 24, and Domitian had no known aliment at this time, so it could be for the benefit of his father.
1 commentsLucas HMar 10, 2012
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Domitian RIC II 007021 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, Sept. 13-Dec. 31, 81 A.D. (2.87g, 18.3m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P, seat, draped; above, winged thunderbolt. RIC II 70.

Produced in the first months of Domitian’s reign, this denarius carries over a pulvinaria reverse type previously produced under Titus. Although worn, this coin has a full flan and full a legend. The legend also maintains the anti-clockwise, outward from lower right orientation on the obverse at this point during Domitian’s reign.
Lucas HMar 10, 2012
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Domitian RIC II 058020 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, Jan. 1-Sept. 13 88 A.D.. (3.11g, 19.1mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P VII, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS P P P, Minerva standing left with thunderbolt and spear, shield at her left side (M3). RIC II 580.

Another Domitian, Minerva, denarius, but with a full legend, full flan, and full weight, this one is a pleasure to hold. This is one of a small group from 88 A.D. with the reverse legend COS XIIII combined with TR P VII which helps to narrow the dates of production within 88 A.D.
1 commentsLucas HMar 10, 2012
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Vespasian RIC II 077723 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 75 A.D. (3.11g., 20.4m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PON MAX TR P COS VI, Victory standing l. on prow, with wreath and palm. RIC II 777, BMC 166, RSC 368.

This type, with Victory on a prow, may refer to Vespasian’s naval victory in 67 A.D. during the Jewish Revolt. Josephus, The Jewish War, III 522-524. With an irregular flan, this example has complete legends.
Lucas HMar 10, 2012
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Vespasian RIC II 084745 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 76 A.D. (3.14g, 17.9m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: COS VII, eagle standing front on garlanded base, thunderbolt in claws, wings open, head left. RIC II 847, BMC 180, RSC 121.

This type could refer to the death of Mucianus. In this example, like many I’ve seen, lacks the garland on the base and thunderbolt in the eagle’s claws.
2 commentsLucas HMar 10, 2012
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Vespasian RIC II 142643 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint, 71 AD. (2.12g, 17.3m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P, laureate head r. Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG, turreted and draped female bust right; symbol below. RIC 1426 (R2), BMC 450, RPC 828, RSC 293a.

This reverse, the turreted and draped female bust, is unique to this mint.
Lucas HMar 10, 2012
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Domitian as Caesar RIC II V092193 viewsDomitian as Caesar 70-81 A.D.. AR Denarius, Rome Mint, 76 A.D.* (3.34g, 19.2m, 6h). Obv: CAESAR A[VG F] DOMITIANVS, laureate head r. Rev: COS IIII, Pegasus right. RIC II V921, BMC V193, RSC 47. Ex HBJ.
*Domitian did not become COS V until early 77 A.D., but most coins with COS IIII belong to 76 A.D.

A common coin of Domitian as Caesar under Vespasian, this reverse still calls to me. Used by the Flavians for the first time in 76 A.D., the Pegasus reverse copies an earlier type from Augustus. Using earlier types from popular emperors, as well as the republic, was a hallmark of Flavian coinage.
3 commentsLucas HMar 08, 2012
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Vespasian RIC II 155853 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Antioch Mint 72-73 A.D. (2.94 g., 15.5m, 6h). Obv: [IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII], laureate head right. Rev: Palm tree, to left, Vespasian standing right with spear and parazonium, foot on helmet, to right, Judaea standing right. RIC II 1558. Ex CNG.

A Judaea Capta type from the Syrian mint of Antioch, this type shows the typical high relief portrait of that mint. The palm represents the Roman province of Judaea, and this coin commemorates the Flavian’s greatest victory, that over Judaea in 70 A.D., a theme that pervaded the reigns of Vespasian and Titus.
3 commentsLucas HFeb 28, 2012
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03 01 Tiberius RIC 454 viewsTiberius 14-37 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum Mint, 15-16 A.D. (3.74g, 17.6mm, 6h). Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right. Rev: [TR POT X]VII. IMP [VII] in exergue, Tiberius, laur. And cloaked, stg. In slow Quadriga r., holding laurel branch and eagle tipped scepter. RIC I 4 (R2), BMC 7, RSC 48.

For an emperor with relatively long reign, Tiberius’ silver coinage was remarkably unvaried with the ubiquitous “tribute penny” making up the bulk of his denarii. This is a decent example of, perhaps, the second most common silver coin. Although the reverse legends are largely off the flan, the obverse has a decent portrait and legend.
2 commentsLucas HFeb 26, 2012
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Vespasian RIC II 068131 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius, Rome Mint, 74 A.D. (2.90g, 21.1m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG, laureate head right. Rev: COS V across field between two laurel trees. RIC II 681, BMC 133, RSC 110.

Despite the odd shaped flan, I like this coin. The Flavians used a number of older reverse types, and this is an exact copy of a reverse from Augustus. Two laurel trees were planted outside Augustus’ door during his reign. Despite the wear on this coin, both the obverse and reverse legends are complete.
1 commentsLucas HFeb 26, 2012
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Vespasian RIC II 1406107 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint, 69-70 A.D.. (3.16g, 17.7m, 7h). Obv: IMP CAES VESPAS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE, Victory advancing left with wreath and palm, sideways ɸ in lower left filed. RIC II 1406 (R), RPC 812, RSC 280.

Early denarius minted in the East, possibly before Mucianus secured Rome. Initially attributed to Philipi, this series, characterized by the sideways ɸ, has been attributed to Ephesus by recent scholarship. The lettering is irregular compared with Roman mint coins, and the portrait lacks the distinctive look of Vespasian of later issues.
7 commentsLucas HFeb 25, 2012
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Domitian as Caesar RIC II V1447 Overstrike65 viewsDomitian as Caesar under Vespasian. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint, 71 A.D. (2.59g, 20.6m, 7h). Obv: DOMITIAN[VS CAES]AR AVG F, bare bust right, draped and cuirassed with aegis. Rev: PACI AVGUSTAE, Victory adv. R. with wreath and palm, lower r. [EPE]. RIC V1447. Overstruck on RIC II V1433.

Overstrike on identifiable under type of Vespasian RIC II 1433. Obv: IMP CAESAR VEPAS AVG COS III TR PPP, laureate head r. Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE, Victory adv. L. with wreath and palm, lower l. EPE. Unusual to have an overstrike of an emperor still in life, and of a coin as a part of the same series at the same mint.

3 commentsLucas HDec 19, 2011
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Vespasian RIC II 002734 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. Jan-June 70 A.D. (3.20g, 19.1mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: COS ITER TR POT, Pax standing left with branch and caduceus. RIC II 27.

The inward facing lettering changed in 73 A.D.. The early denarii of Vespasian fail to depict the characteristic portrait of Vespasian seen on later coinage. Some coins from this time period bear portrait more reminiscent of Vitellius than Vespasian.
1 commentsLucas HDec 10, 2011
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Domitian RIC II 077128 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint (3.21g, 18.1mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XIIII, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XXII COS XVII CNES P P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to right owl. (M2). RIC II 771.

During 95 A.D, Domitian’s coinage continued with the same well established pattern of Minerva types. Although worn, the agies is clear on Minerva’s back in this example. The legends are also complete on this example despite its wear.
Lucas HDec 10, 2011
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07 02 Galba, RIC I 21130 viewsGalba. AD 68-69. AR Denarius. Rome mint. (18mm, 2.88 g, 6h). Obv: IMP SER GALBA CAESAR AVG, laureate head right. Rev: SALVS GEN HVMANI, Salus advancing left, foot on globe, holding patera over altar and carrying rudder. RIC I 211; RSC 238. CNG 264, lot 391.

According to the Roman Dictionary of Coins, this type alludes to Galba’s taking over revolt during Vindex’s revolt due to his high birth and political connections. The reverse inscription invokes the safety, health, and wellbeing of the human race.
Lucas HDec 10, 2011
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01 Julius Caesar, Venus39 viewsJulius Caesar. AR Denarius. Military mint traveling with Caesar in North Africa c. 47-46B.C. (3.88, 19.2mm, 6h). Obv: Diademed head of Venus right. Rev: CAESAR, Aeneas walking left, carrying Anchises and the Palladium. Craw. 458/1. RSC 12, Sear RCV 1402.

Minted to pay his legends during their African campaign against the Pomeians, this coin harkens to Caesar’s mythical origin from Venus. Aeneas, a survivor of Troy, was the son of Aphrodite’s liaison with the mortal Anchises. Aeneas lead a group of survivors, the Aeneads, ultimately to the Italian peninsula.
1 commentsLucas HDec 10, 2011
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413/1 L. Cassus Longinus38 viewsL. Cassius Longinus c. 63 B.C. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. c. 63 B.C. (3.81g, 18.6mm, 7h). Obv: Draped bust of Vesta Veiled left, kylix behind, letter before. Rev: Male figure left dropping tablet inscribed V (Uti Rogas) into a Cista, Longin III V behind. Cassia 10. Craw 413/1.

This coin may refer to the law of 113 which set up the special commission, presided over by L. Cassius Longinus Ravilla, for the trial of three delinquent Vestal Virgins. In 137 BC L. Cassius Ravilla proposed a method of voting, known as the Lex Cassia Tabellaria. The letter "V" on the tabella stands for V[ti] Rogas, or uti rogas a vote in favor of a new law. A vote against a new law was designated by the letter "A" (antiquo). L. Cassius Longinus, whose name appears on the coin, was the younger brother of C. Cassius Longinus, one of the assassins of Julius Caesar.
1 commentsLucas HDec 10, 2011
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Titus RIC II 003429 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 79 July after 1 July. (3.13g, 19.9m, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P, Venus standing right leaning on column, with helmet and spear. RIC II 34.

Upon Vespasian’s death, Titus’ accession was never in doubt. Titus had several precious metal issues in in 79 A.D. RIC II has a footnote that a die variety exists with knobs on both ends instead of a spear, and this example appears to me to have knobs as do all the examples on wildwinds.
Lucas HDec 10, 2011
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Titus RIC II 011646 viewsTitus 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 1 Jan. –June 30 A.D. ( g, mm, 6h). Obv: IMP TITUS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head left. Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, elephant, cuirassed, standing left. RIC 116, Ex Incitatus Coins.

Issued contemporaneously with the pulvinaria series, this type lends credence to the theory those coins were minted to commemorate the opening of the Colosseum. Although rated as common by RIC, I don’t see as many of the left facing coins. This one has complete devices and legends although shows some wear.
2 commentsLucas HDec 10, 2011
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Vespasian RIC II 070350 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 74 A.D. (3.23g. 18.6m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PON MAX TR P COS V, Caduceus, winged. RIC II 703.

The caduceus is a characteristic of Mercury and associated with heralds and commerce. This coin is much nicer than my photograph show with nice dark toning.
3 commentsLucas HNov 20, 2011
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Vespasian RIC II 093731 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 77-78A.D. (3.12g, 18.8mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: [COS] VIII, Mars standing left with spear and trophy. RIC II 937.

Mars, is of course, the Roman god of War. War brought Vespasian to the throne. Despite some difficulties during while on the throne, war wasn't a large part of Vespasian's reign.
Lucas HNov 20, 2011
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Vespasian RIC II 094341 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 77-78 A.D. (3.03 g, 18.8m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: COS VIII in exergue, Oxen, two, yoked left. RIC II 943.

This denarius was part of an agricultural issue of Vespasian. The oxen reverse closely resembles a type issued by Octavian and earlier Republican denarius of L. Cassius Caecianus.
2 commentsLucas HNov 20, 2011
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496/1 Marc Antony45 viewsMarc Antony AR Denarius. 42 BC, Greek Mint. (3.62g, 17.8m, 2.3h). Obv: M ANTONI IMP, bare head right. Rev: III VIR R P C, facing head of Sol in a temple of two columns. RSC 12, Sear5 1467, Syd 1168, Cr496/1.

After Caesar’s death, Antony, Octavian, and Lepidus formed the Second Triumvirate. Ultimately, Lepidus was pushed to the side and Antony was defeated by Octavian at the battle of Actium. Fleeing back to Egypt, Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide in the face of their defeat by Octavian.
2 commentsLucas HNov 20, 2011
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Domitian as Caesar under Titus RIC II T0518 cistophoric tetradrachm 60 viewsDomitian as Caesar under Titus. AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm. Rome Mint for Asia. 80-81 A.D. (10.64 g, 23,3m, 6h). Obv: CAES DIVI F DOMITIANVS COS VII, laureate head right. Rev: PRINC IVVENTVT, Domitian riding left, right hand raised, holding scepter. RIC II (Titus 518).

Subject to some dispute, cistophorii of the Flavians are thought to be minted in Rome for use in the East based on style. This coin mimics a denarius of Domitian as Caesar under Vespasian (RIC II V539), and likely refers to Domitian’s ride in the Judean triumph celebrated by Vespasian and Titius. Ex Incitatus, HBJ, and ACCG.
2 commentsLucas HSep 24, 2011
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Domitian RIC II 078494 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. Sept. 14, 95-Sept 13, 96 A.D. (3.08g, 17.2mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P XV, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P, altar, with two soldiers, flanked by aquilae, under each Aquila on top of altar is seated captive. RIC II 784 (R2).

Within days of his death, the Senate decreed Damnatio Memoriae for Domitian. Despite the fact this coin was minted at the very end of his reign, it clearly saw circulation despite the Senate’s action. This is one of the new reverse types for Domitian’s 15th Tribunican year.
3 commentsLucas HSep 24, 2011
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Titus as Caesar RIC II V095043 viewsTitus as Caesar. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 77-78 A.D. (3.33g, 17.7m, 6h). Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS, laureate head right. Rev: COS VI, Prow right, eight pointed star above. RIC II V950 (R).

During this time, the Flavians were issuing coins of a consciously antiquarian reverse designs, and this naval type mimics a type used by Marc Antony and may signify the victorious Admiral. Vespasian had the same reverse type at this time as Augustus. The date on this type can’t be narrowed because only the consular date is given.
Lucas HSep 24, 2011
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Titus RIC II 0131120 viewsTitus 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. Jan 1-June 30 80, A.D. (3.17g, 18.1m, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII PP, tripod with fillets, above dolphin; on tripod, two ravens, left and right, and wreath under the dolphin. RIC II 131(R). BMC 82. RSC 323a.

Darkly toned, this coin is well preserved with only slight wear on the highest points. The hair and beard aren’t worn, and only slight wear can be seen on the laureate wreath. The largest output of Titus’ denarii was in the first six months of 80 A.D. which could be due to the great fire of 80 A.D. disrupting mint operations for some period of time. This is like RIC II 128, but with the addition of the ravens above the tripod.
3 commentsLucas HSep 24, 2011
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Vespasian RIC II 155962 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Antioch Mint 72-73 A.D. (3.18g, 17.2mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right. Rev: Vespasian standing right in quadriga with branch and sceptre. RIC II 1563, RPC II 1931, RCV 2279.

Commemorating the Judea Capta Triumphal parade, celebrated in 71 AD., this is one of the more rarely issued eastern denari of the Flavian reign. Typical of Antioch, this coin has a high relief portrait. This is issue formed part of the last issue of Vespasian’s denarii from the Syrian region. The suppression of the revolt in Judea was the highpoint of the Flavians' successes, and allowed Vespasian to have much needed coin from the plunder of the Second Temple in Jerusalum, coin that his predecessors, Galba, Otho, and Vitellius lacked as they assumed the purple.
5 commentsLucas HSep 09, 2011
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08 01 Otho RIC I 483 viewsOtho. 15 Jan. to April 69 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 69 A.D. (3.27g, 18.9mm, 6h). Obv: IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right. Obv: PAX ORBIS TERRARVM, Pax, draped, standing left, right holding branch, and left caduceus. RIC I 4, RCV 2156, RSC 3. Ex Warren Esty Personal Collection.

At 3 months, Otho had the shortest reign in the Year of the Four Emperors. During much of Nero’s reign, Otho administered Lusitania, and followed Galba when he marched on Rome. Upon Galba’s naming another as his successor to the throne, with some of the rankers of the Praetorian Guard, Otho staged a coup, had Galba murdered, and was declared Emperor.

THis is an odd reverse message for an emperor complicit in the murder of his one-time allie and predecessor Galba, while the legeons of Vitellius were Marching on Rome. PAX ORBIS TERRARVM "Peace on the Earth" is ironic given the civil war going on in Rome at the time.
5 commentsLucas HSep 09, 2011
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Van Alfen Owls154 viewsOwls as described by Van Alfen, Peter. American Journal of Numismatics, second series, volume 16-17, number 8.

Collage and image editing by Jay GT4.

Marjority of these sold to Forum for other collectors to enjoy for the purpose of funding my Flavian Collection in 2013.
3 commentsLucas HSep 03, 2011
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Twelve Caesars in Silver242 viewsComplements of Jay GT4's handy work to make this collage.6 commentsLucas HSep 01, 2011
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Athens Tetradrachm (Van Alfen 35)40 viewsAttica, Athens, AR Tetradrachm. 393-300 B.C.. Obv: Head of Athena right, eye in profile. Rev: Owl standing to r., head facing, to r. A-theta-E, to left, olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square, test cut. 22 mm, 16.58 grams. Van Alfen, Peter. American Journal of Numismatics, second series, volume 16-17, number 35, this coin.2 commentsLucas HSep 01, 2011
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Vespasian Countermark on Marc Antony Legionary Denarius70 viewsMarcus Antonius (Marc Antony). AR Denarius. Struck 32-31 BC. Obv: [ANT AVG III VIR R P C], praetorian galley. Rev: IMPVES

IMPVESP was commonly found on denarii of the Republic according to Museum of Countermarks on Roman Coins. Although the undertype is very worn, the praetorian galley is clear on the Obverse, and the countermark is very clear (better than my photo makes it) on the reverse. A little something different for my Flavian collection.
2 commentsLucas HAug 30, 2011
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04 Gaius (Caligula) RIC I 2221 viewsGaius (Caligula) 37-41 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum (Lyons) Mint 37 AD. (3.3g, 18.5mm, 2h). Obv: C CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR POT COS, bare head right. Rev: anepigraphic, Augustus, radiate head right between two stars. RIC I 2, BMC 4, Sear 1808. Ex personal collection Steve McBride/Incitatus Coins.

Son of Germanicus, Gaius was adopted by Tiberius and was proclaimed Emperor on Tiberius’ death. His reign, marked by cruelty, was ended when he was assassinated by the Praetorian Guard. There is some question when the Imperial Mint was moved from Lugdunum to Rome, but the majority view holds at least Gaius’ early issues were still from Lugdunum.

With more than moderate wear and damage, this coin still has an almost complete obverse legend, and is a decent weight. It was very difficult for me to track down a denarius of Gaius.
2 commentsLucas HAug 14, 2011
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02 03 Augustus RIC I 4(a)40 viewsAugustus. 27B.C. -14A.D. AR Denarius. Emerita Mint, c. 25-23 A.D. (3.21g, 19.4mm, 0h). Obv: IMP CAESAR AVGVST, bare head right. Rev: P CARISIVS LEG PRO PR, trophy of helmet cuirass, shield, and javelins, on heap of shields and lances. RIC 4(a), RSC 403(a).

Augustus established the colony of Emerita Augusta in Lusitania to settle emeriti- retiring soldiers- as he downsized the Roman army. P. Carisius, legatus pro praetore, effected the foundation on Augustus’s behalf. Emerita served as a strongpoint for the Empire in the west of Spain.
1 commentsLucas HJul 27, 2011
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Titus as Caesar RIC II V156370 viewsTitus as Caesar under Vespasian. AR Denarius. Antioch Mint 72-73 A.D. (2.86g, 17.2mm, 6h). Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT, laureate and draped bust right. Rev: Titus standing right in quadriga with branch and sceptre. RIC II 1563, RPC II 1935, RSC 395.

Commemorating the Judea Capta Triumphal parade, celebrated in 71 AD., this is one of the more rarely issued eastern denari of the Flavian reign. Typical of Antioch, this coin has a high relief portrait. This also is my only example of a draped bust.
6 commentsLucas HJul 27, 2011
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07 01 Galba RIC 20449 viewsGalba. 8 June 68-15 Jan. 69 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. (3.22g, 19.3mm, 6 h). Obv: IMP SER GALBA CAESAR AVG, bust, laureate draped right. Rev: ROMA RENASCES, Roma standing left, holding Victory on globe and transverse eagle tipped scepter. RIC 204. Ex HBJ.

Galba’s reign marked the end of the Julio-Claudian’s rule of Rome. Rated R3 in the RIC, this type appears fairly scarce with 2 examples in the Reka Devnia hoard, and only 2 in Berk’s photofile. Galba, the first of the 4 emperors of 69 A.D, was governor of Hispania Tarraconensis during Nero’s reign. He was assassinated after 7 months of rule and succeeded by his former supporter, Otho
3 commentsLucas HJul 27, 2011
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Titus RIC II 0129102 viewsTitus 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, Jan. 1-June 30, 80 A.D.. (3.31g, 18.9mm, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head left. Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII, P P, tripod with fillets, dolphin above. RIC II 129, RSC 323.

This type was minted the same year as the inauguration of the Flavian Amphitheatre and Titus’ pulvinaria series. It also echoes a type of Vitellius which had a Raven under the tripod. Some of Titus’ coins have ravens on the tripod, but not this example. This is another of the less common left facing portraits.
2 commentsLucas HJul 20, 2011
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09 01 Vitellius RIC I 8167 viewsVitellius 69 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. Late April-Dec 20, 69 A.D. (2.91g, 18.8mm, 5h). Obv: A VITELLIVS GERMAN IMP TR P, laureate head right. Rev: LIBERTAS RESTITVTA, Libertas, draped, standing facing, head right, r. holding pileus, l. scepter. RIC I 81, RSC 48. Ex CNG 258, Lot 367.

In the year of 4 emperors, Vitellius assumed the throne after his German legions proclaimed him emperor, marched on Rome, and murdered Otho. Vitellius only ruled for mere months before Vespasian’s eastern legions arrived and murdered him in turn. He was known for his gluttony. I have a Vitellius denarius, but couldn't help picking up this nice example from a reputable dealer for a reasonable price.
2 commentsLucas HJul 07, 2011
L_Censorinus_Denarius_Craw__3631d.jpg
363/1d L. Censorinus Denarius37 viewsL Censorinus Denarius. 82 BC. Rome Mint. (3.75g, 18.4mm, 3h). Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right. Rev: L CENSOR, the satyr, Marsyas, standing left with wineskin over shoulder; behind him, column surmounted by draped figure (Minerva?). Marcia 24. Sear 5, 284. Syd 737. Cr363/1d. Ex Warren Esty.

Alluding to Marsyas’ musical challenge to Apollo. Marsyas lost the contest, judged by the Muses, and Apollo flayed him alive for presuming to challenge a god. I love the mythical basis of this type.
1 commentsLucas HJul 07, 2011
Aes_Rude.jpg
001.2 Aes Rude85 viewsRoman Republic. c. 5th-3rd C. BC. Found turn of the century excavations around Mt. Ingino, Gubbio, Umbria.
(19.37 grams. 21x20x7 mm). Thurlow and Vecchi, plate #2, discussed page 15. Ex Warren Esty.

Aes rude means rough bronze, and prior to the use of actual coins, these bronze bars were traded by weight on the Italian peninsula. The “rude” bars were eventually given markings (Aes Signa).
2 commentsLucas HJul 06, 2011
carthage.jpg
Carthage 99 viewsCarthage,. AE 19. Sardinia c. 300-264 B.C. (very few other coins were ever struck there). (5.48 grams. 6:30h). Obv: head of Tanit left, wreathed with grain. Rev: horse head and neck right.
Sear Greek 6523. Morcom 913. Ex Warren Esty.

Carthage, Rome’s first enemy off the Italian peninsula, minted coins in Sardinia, which it controlled during the First Punic War, possibly due to the close proximity of the troops.
1 commentsLucas HJul 06, 2011
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05 Claudius RIC I 58249 viewsClaudius 41-54 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 50-51 A.D. (3.58g, 18.4mm, 8h). Obv: TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG P M TR P X PP IMP XVIII, laureate head right. Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE, Pax-Nemesis advancing right, holding winged caduceus pointed at snake. RIC I 58, RSC 66a. Ex CNG 258, Lot: 348.

Claudius was a capable, yet unlikely emperor. Shunned as an idiot by his family due to a limp and embarrassing stutter. After Caligula's murder the Praetorian Guard proclaimed him emperor. He governed well and conquered the troublesome island of Britain. He was poisoned by his second wife, mother of Nero. It was very difficult for me to find a denarius of Claudius, and I love this reverse.
8 commentsLucas HJul 06, 2011
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Vespasian RIC II 084544 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 76 A.D. (3.25g, 19.6mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: COS VII across field, eagle standing front on base/cippus, wings open, head right. RIC II 845.

RIC II describes the eagle as standing on a garlanded base and holding a thunderbolt in its claws. This example lacks the garland or thunderbolt, but has a nice flan and full legends.
1 commentsLucas HJul 05, 2011
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Vespasian RIC II 093939 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 77-78 A.D. (3.14g, 17.8mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: COS VIII, Mars standing left with spear and trophy, corn ear to right. RIC II 939.

In 77-78 A.D., the Flavians minted a number of reverse designs with consciously antiquarian designs. This type, with Mars, is one of the most common of the period, and copies a Republican denarii of L. Valerius Flaccus. This is a nice coin with even toning, a high relief portrait, and full legends.
4 commentsLucas HJul 05, 2011
Vespasian,_RIC_II_941.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 094161 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 77-78 A.D. (2.97g, 19.0mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: COS VIII, Prow right; above, eight pointed star. RIC II 941, RSC 136.

During this time, the Flavians minted a number of reverse designs with consciously antiquarian designs. This one copies a denarius of Marc Antony, and may represent the victorious admiral.
5 commentsLucas HJun 29, 2011
Athens_Tetradrachm_Athena_and_Owl_eastern.jpg
Athens Tetradrachm Athena and Owl eastern43 viewsAthens. 4th Century B.C.. Eastern style Athenian tetradrachm. (16.7 g, 21x25.4mm, 9h). Obverse: Head of Athena right, eye in profile. Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing , to right AO[E], olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square. Crack on obverse at 3 o'clock, two test cuts on reverse. Ex Amphora.

Van Alfen, AJN, 16-17, 57, this coin. Style Group II. The "A" of the ethnic on the reverse is missing a portion of one leg, giving it the appearance of a backwards "P."
2 commentsLucas HJun 23, 2011
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Vespasian As, Legio X Countermark64 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AE As. Rome Mint. 74 A.D. (8.45g, 25.5mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS V CENS, laureate head right. Rev: SC in field, Spes standing let with flower. RIC II 730, RCV 2361.

The interest in this worn As is the Legio X, Fretensis, Countermark. Legio X was levied by Augustus in 40/41B.C. to fight in the Civil War. Later, Legio X was under the command of Vespasian and played a central role during the Jewish rebellion. Following the suppression of the rebellion under Titus, Legio X was garrisoned in Jerusalem.
1 commentsLucas HJun 22, 2011
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Domitian RIC II 010139 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 82 A.D. (3.29g, 18.7mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CɅES DOMITIɅNVS ɅVG P M, laureate head right. Rev: TR POT COS VIII P P, Seat, draped; above, winged thunderbolt. RIC II 101.

This reverse device was used on several series by Domitian, and is another in the pulvinaria (sacred couches of the gods) series introduced by Titus in 80 A.D.. This coin has a nice full legend on both the obverse and reverse on this well centered specimen. This type is rated R in RIC II.
3 commentsLucas HJun 18, 2011
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Vespasian RIC II 077451 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 75 A.D. (3.01, 19.8mm, 6h) Obv: r to l out- IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PON MAX TR P COS VI, Securitas seated left, head resting on raised arm. RIC I 774, RSC 367, Sear 2302.

Securitas was the goddess of security, especially security of the Roman Empire. The Pax reverse issued this same year was issued in large quantities, and this reverse is often confused with Pax, and in fact, this was sold as a Pax reverse by an experienced Vcoins dealer who missed the proper attribution. This is a nice, well centered, coin with complete legends on a nice flan.
4 commentsLucas HJun 18, 2011
Domitian_RIC_II_59.jpg
Domitian RIC II 005988 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 81, 13 Sept.-31 Dec A.D.. (2.97g, 18.5mm, 6h). Obv: IMPP CAES DIVI VESP F DOMITIAN AVG P M, laureate head right. Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P, Minerva advancing right with spear and shield. RIC II 59 (R2).

Minted in Domitian’s first year as emperor, this type depicts his patron deity, Minerva. Although Domitian’s Minerva coins are quite common, RIC II ranks this particular issue as R2. "The rare aspect of this coin is the filiation DIVI VESP F in the obv. legend."- Curtis Clay. This is one of the nicer coins in my collection with very little wear, even on the highest points of the devices.
6 commentsLucas HJun 09, 2011
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Domitian as Caesar under Titus RIC II T026836 viewsDomitian as Caesar. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 80-81. (3.17g, 19.5mm, 6h). Obv: r to l out- CɅESɅR DIVI F DOMITIɅNVS COS VII, laureate head right. Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, Minerva advancing right with spear and shield. RIC II T268, RIC 268.

As Caesar, Domitian had many fewer coin types minted during Titus’ reign than he did during Vespasian’s longer reign. Even as Caesar, Domitian used Minerva on his coins which was to become much more common under Domitian as Augustus.
Lucas HJun 04, 2011
Nero,_RIC_I_64.jpg
06 Nero RIC I 6484 viewsNero 54-68 A.D.. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. c. 66-67 A.D. (3.25g, 17.2mm, 6h ). Obv: l to r in- IMP NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right. Rev: l to r in- IVPPITER CVSTOS, Jupiter, bare to waist, seated left holding thunderbolt ring right, and long scepter in left. RIC I 64, RSC 121.6 commentsLucas HJun 04, 2011
Titus_RIC_II_122.jpg
Titus RIC II 012236 viewsTitus 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. Jan. 1-June 30, 80 A.D. (3.20g, 18.4mm, 5h). Obv: IMP TITVS CɅES VESPɅSIɅN ɅVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: [TR P] IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, seat draped; above, semicircular frame with three crescents. RIC II 122, RSC 313.

This is part of the pulvinaria (sacred couches of the gods) series introduced by Titus in 80 A.D. A unique series without precedent in Roman coinage, the types could be linked to the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 A.D, or the inauguration of the Flavian Colosseum where seats for honored guests would be provided.
2 commentsLucas HJun 04, 2011
Vespasian,_RIC_850.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 085065 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 76 A.D. (2.91g. 17.9mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left. REV: IOVIS CVSTOS, Jupiter standing facing with patera over altar and scepter. RIC II 850 (R2). RSC 223.

A worn reverse, but I got this coin for the left facing head on the obverse, with the left facing coins being more scarce that the typical right facing coins.
2 commentsLucas HJun 01, 2011
galba,_RIC_I_167.jpg
07 Galba, RIC I 16749 viewsGalba July, 68-Jan., 69. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. Aug-Oct 68 A.D. (3.07g, 17.8mm, 6h). Obv: IMP SER GALBA AVG, bare head right. Rev: SPQR OB CS in 3 lines within oak wreath. RIC I 167, RSC 287, Sear 2109.

Upon the death of Nero, Galba’s troops proclaimed him emperor on April 3, 68 A.D. Governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, he marched on Rome and assumed the throne, but was assassinated in a plot by Otho on January 15, 69 beginning the year of 4 emperors.
1 commentsLucas HJun 01, 2011
Domitian_RIC_II_722.jpg
Domitian RIC II 072241 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. Sept 14, 90- Sept. 13,91 A.D. (3.70g, 19.6mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P M TR P X, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XXI COS XV CENS PPP, Minerva standing left with spear (M4). RIC II 722, RSC 263.

This coin is a nice specimen for my collection with a full flan, heavy weight, and complete legends and devices. One of the better preserved coins I have obtained.
3 commentsLucas HJun 01, 2011
Domitian_RIC_II_791.jpg
Domitian RIC II 079150 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. (3.23 g, 17.54 g, 6h). Sept 14, 95- Sept 13, 96 A.D. Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XV, laureate head right. Obv: IMP XXII COS XVII CENS PPP, Minerva Victrix, winged, flying l. with spear or javelin and shield. RIC II 791, RSC 294, BMC 237.

This coin, minted towards the end of Domitian’s reign, depicted his patron goddess, Minerva. Although listed as common, I don’t see as many of these as other Minerva types of Domitian. This is a decent specimen with good legends and devices.
2 commentsLucas HJun 01, 2011
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Vespasian RIC II 1408-1422 Brockage39 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Obverse Brockage Ephesus Mint. 70 A.D. (2.33 g. 17.2 mm, 0 h.). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG CO[S II] TR P P P. Rev: brockage. Incuse, mirror-image reproduction of the obverse portrait and legend. cf. RIC II 1408-1422.

The coin from the previous strike stuck in the reverse die and transferred an obverse image in reverse on the obverse. As common as these coins are, they must not have been considered a major flaw at the mint. There appear to be enough brockage coins around that the defect was not significant enough for remelting the flan.
2 commentsLucas HMay 28, 2011
Titus,_RIC_II_V951.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC II V095137 viewsTitus as Caesar. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 77-78 A.D. (3.3g, 18.71mm, 6h). Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS COS VI, laureate head right. Rev: Two oxen yoked left, COS VI in exergue. RIC II V951 (R). Sear 2440. RSC 67.
1 commentsLucas HMay 09, 2011
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344/1 L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus34 viewsL. Titurius L.f. Sabinus, 89 B.C. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, (3.72g., 19.94m,2h), Obv. bare head of king Tatius to right, SABIN behind. Rev. Two Roman soldiers each carrying a woman in his arms, L TITVRI in exergue, S.250, Cr.344.1, Syd.698b, RSC Tituria 2?). Ex Warren Esty.

Commemorating the "Rape of the Sabines" from the legendary founding of Rome.
Lucas HMay 05, 2011
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344/2b L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus 24 viewsL. Titurius L.f. Sabinus 89 B.C. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 89 B.C. (3.9 g, 17.48 mm, 9h). Obv: Head of Tatius right, SABIN behind, palm branch below chin. Rev: Tarpeia buried to her waist in shields, fending off two soldiers about to throw shields on her, LTITV[RI] in ex. Tituria 4, Craw. 344/2b, Syd 699.

Tarpeia, daughter of the commander of the citadel, betrayed her fellow Romans to the Sabines when they came to attack Rome. Tarpeia offered to admit the Sabines into the city in return for what they wore on their arms. She had in mind the gold torques the Sabines usually wore. The Sabines agreed, but disgusted by her greed, the gave her the shields they worn on their arms and put her to death by crushing her under their shields. She was then thrown from a high cliff above the city. The Tarpeian Rock, from which traitors were thrown in Rome, is named after her.

This type was later used by Augustus, possibly to demonstrate his ties to the times of the Republic (RIC I 299).
1 commentsLucas HMay 05, 2011
Titus_RIC_II_118.jpg
Titus RIC II 004913 viewsTitus 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 79 A.D, after July 1. (3.2 g, 18.35mm, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: TRP VIIII IMP XV COS VII PP, captive, hands bound behind back, kneeling right below trophy. RIC II 49, RSC 295, BMC 31.

Coins with Titus as Caesar under Vespasian with this trophy/captive type were issued earlier in 79 A.D., before Vespasian’s death on June 23, 79 A.D. (RIC II Vespasian 1076). When Titus became Augustus, the type continued memorializing his part in the Judean victory during the First Jewish Revolt.
Lucas HMay 05, 2011
Vespasian,_RIC_II_362.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 036231 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 72-73 A.D. (2.95g., 18.41mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right. Rev: VICTORIA AVGVSTI, Victory walking right, holding palm, crowning a legionary standard. RIC II 362. RSC 618, Hendin 771 (GBC 4), BMC 74.

A victory type commemorating Vespasian’s victory over the Jews during the First Jewish Revolt between 66 to 70 A.D. Sent by Nero to deal with the rebellion, Vespasain’s success led to the legions in the East declaring him Emperor after Nero’s death during the year of 4 emperors in 69 A.D.
Lucas HMay 05, 2011
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Domitian RIC II 0843 Cistophoric tetradrachm43 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. RIC 843. AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm. Rome Mint for Asia. 82 A.D. (10.71 g, 25.78mm, 6o). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG [P M COS], VIII, laureate head right. Rev: no legend, Aquila between two standards, one surmounted by banner, the other by a hand. RPC 865, RSC 667, Sear 2718.

Some attribute the cistophorii of the Flavians to an eastern mint, but the style emulates that of Rome including the portrait, legends, and die axis leading many to believe they were minted in Rome for use in Asia.
2 commentsLucas HApr 29, 2011
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Vespasian Hemidrachm, victory seated22 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Hemidrachm. Caesarea, Cappadocia. (1.58 g, 14.69 mm, 0 o). Obv: AVTOKP KAICAP OVECPACIANOC CEBA, laureate head right. Rev: Victory seated right upon a globe, holding a wreath. RPC 1660, Metcalf 18. Syd 95.

This undated hemidrach of Cappadocia demonstrates the typical high relief portrait of that mint. Although undated, RPC speculates the majority of these undated hemidrachms were minted in 76-77 A.D. Nike/Victory on the globe could signify Vespasian’s victory over the Roman world.
1 commentsLucas HApr 29, 2011
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Titus RIC II 011935 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 80, 1 Jan.-30 June A.D. (3.3 g, 18.07 mm, 6 o) Obv: IMP TITVS CɅES VESPɅSIɅN ɅVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII PP, winged thunderbolt on draped table or chair. RIC II 119, Sear 2513, BMC 51, RSC 316. Ex David Hendin.

This is a part of a pulvinaria (supplication to the gods) series by Titus in 80 A.D.. This could be to celebrate the opening of the Flavian Amphitheater, or, in the alternative, it could be to supplicate the gods after the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 A.D.
2 commentsLucas HApr 28, 2011
Ptolemy_II,_Joppa.jpg
Greek: Ptolemy II, tet147 viewsPtolemy II, Philadelphos. 285-246 B.C. AR Tetradrachm. Joppa mint, 249/8 B.C. (14.21 g, 26.8 mm, 10h). Obv: Diademed head of Ptolemy I, right wearing aegis. Rev: IOΠ (Joppa), ΓΑ (Gaza), left filed, ΛΙ (date), Θ, right field, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt. Svoronos 814. Ex Amphora, catalog 98, 122.

Ptolemy II, Philadelphos, is the Egyptian ruler that translated the Torah into Greek, known to history as the Septuagint. A less common coin from the Joppa mint with a curious monogram typically associated with the Gaza mint below.
1 commentsLucas HApr 13, 2011
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Titus RIC II 0112127 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 80 A.D. 1 Jan- 30 June. (3.46 g, 18.87 mm, 6h). Obv: r. to l, out-IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M. Rev: l. to r., in-TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII PP, dolphin coiled around anchor. RIC 112, RSC 309, BMC 72, Sear 2517. Ex David Hendin.

This type may have been issued as a part of a series to commemorate the opening of the Flavian Amphitheater, or Colosseum which was begun under Vespasian and financed, at least in part, by the treasure plundered from the Jewish Temple during the sack of Jerusalem.
8 commentsLucas HApr 13, 2011
Vespasian_RIC_II_703.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 070351 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 74 A.D. (3.34 g, 20.32 mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PON MAX TR P COS V, winged caduceus. RIC II 703, RSC 362, Sear 2299. Ex David Hendin.

The Caduceus entailed a staff, here with a pointed tip, entwined with snakes, and is often winged. The Caduceus represented trade and commerce patronized by Mercury. Alternately, according to Van Meter, the Caduceus was associated with safety, speed, and the herald.
1 commentsLucas HApr 13, 2011
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Vespasian RIC II 094430 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. RIC II 944. AR Denarius. Rome mint. 77-78 A.D. (3.32 g, 18./19 mm, 6h) Obv: r. to l out- IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left. Rev: COS III in exergue, two oxen yoked left. RIC II 944, RSC 134a, BMC 209. Ex David Hendin.

Some discoloration on the obverse does not take away from the lack of wear, and even the hair maintains its detail. This denarius was part of an agricultural issue of Vespasian, and has one of the rarer left facing portraits. Right facing portraits may have been minted at a ratio of 10 to 1 against the left.
2 commentsLucas HApr 13, 2011
Vespasian_RIC_II_T364.jpg
Vespasian RIC II T036487 viewsVespasian memorial under Titus. AR denarius. Rome Mint, 80-81 A.D. (3.45 g, 21.7mm, 6h). Obv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS, laureate head right. Rev: EX SC in fields, Victory, draped, stepping l., placing shield on trophy, mourning captive Jewess seated beneath. RIC T364, BMCRE 112, RSC 144. Ex David Hendin.

Posthumous issue under Titus, this type celebrates Vespasian’s deification, and commemorates his most important victory, that over the Jews during the First Revolt which raised Vespasian to the purple. This example is minted on a notably wide flan.
1 commentsLucas HApr 13, 2011
Antony,_IV.jpg
544/17 Marc Antony, Legion IV, Scythica116 viewsMarcus Antonius (Marc Antony). AR Denarius. Struck 32-31 BC. Obv: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, praetorian galley. Rev: LEG IV, eagle between standards. 17mm, 3.7g. Crawford 544/17.

In his youth, future emperor Vespasian served in this legion.
1 commentsLucas HApr 10, 2011
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03 02 Tiberius RIC 30149 viewsTiberius. 14-37 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum (Lyon) Mint. 3.78 g., 19 mm. Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right. Rev: PONTIF MAXIM, Livia as Pax, seated right, holding scepter and olive branch. Feet on footstool. Ornate chair legs. One line below throne. RIC I 30, RSC 16a.

The well known "tribute penny." When brought a coin as requested, Jesus asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denarius type is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible.
8 commentsLucas HApr 10, 2011
Titus_RIC_II_1.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC II V107681 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 79 A.D.. Obv: [T] CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS, laureate head of Titus right. Rev: TR POT VIII COS VII, captive kneeling right below trophy. RIC II V1076.

Usually billed as commemorating the Roman victory in Judaea and thus a Judaea Capta type, this reverse was actually used on a Republican reverse by C. Memmius (Crawford 427/1) and could just be a Flavian restoration type common during Vespasian's reign.
1 commentsLucas HApr 10, 2011
Vespasian_l_modius.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 0981108 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome mint. 77, July-78, Dec. A.D. (3.5g., 19.5mm). Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left. Rev: IMP XIX across field. Modius with corn ears. RIC II 981.

One of the rarer left facing portraits of Vespasian.
3 commentsLucas HApr 10, 2011
Titus_RIC_II_102_2.jpg
Titus RIC II 010287 viewsTitus 79-81A.D. AR Denarius. Rome mint. 3.36 g. Jan.-July 80 A.D. Obv: IMP TITVS CɅES VESPɅSIɅN ɅVG PM, laureate head r. Rev: TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, trophy with female seated r. in attitude of morning, and male captive seated l., hands bound behind back. RIC 102, RSC 306, BMC 37.

This coin may serve to both symbolize a victory in Britain, and as a reminder of the Jewish victory. Titus issued a number of trophy-captive types during his reign from 79-81 A.D. One of my favorite coins thus far, for both the condition, and the historic significance.
4 commentsLucas HApr 10, 2011
Augustus_Tarpeia.jpg
02 01 Augustus. Tarpeia111 viewsAugustus. 27 B.C.-14 A.D. AR. Denarius. Rome Mint. 19-18 B.C. 3.5g, 20 mm. Obv: CAESAR AVGVSTS, bare head righ. Rev: TVRPILIANVS III VIR, Tarpeia facing, buried to the waist in shields. RIC I 299. RSC 494, BMC 29.

Tarpeia, daughter of the commander of the citadel, betrayed her fellow Romans to the Sabines when they came to attack Rome. Tarpeia offered to admit the Sabines into the city in return for what they wore on their arms. She had in mind the gold torques the Sabines usually wore. The Sabines agreed, but disgusted by her greed, the gave her the shields they worn on their arms and put her to death by crushing her under their shields. She was then thrown from a high cliff above the city. The Tarpeian Rock, from which traitors were thrown in Rome, is named after her.
4 commentsLucas HApr 10, 2011
Domitian_as_Caesar,_RIC_II_244.jpg
Domitian as Caesar RIC II V108739 viewsDomitian as Caesar under Vespasian. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 79 A.D. 3.1g, 18mm. Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI, laureate head right. Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, Vesta seated left, holding palladium and sceptre. RIC II V1087. 1 commentsLucas HApr 10, 2011
Republic,_defending_comrad.jpg
319/1 Marcus Minucius Thermus M F54 viewsMarcus Minucius Thermus M. F. AR Denarius. Rome mint. 103 B.C. 3.9 g, 19.5 mm. Obv: Helmeted head of Mars left, banker's mark under chin. Rev: Q THERM M F below, Roman soldier protecting fallen comrade from attacking barbarian soldier, both swords raised. Crawford 319/1. RCV 197. RSC Minucia 19. Lucas HApr 10, 2011
Republic,_quinarius,_victory.jpg
333/1 C. Egnatuleius quinarius32 viewsC. Egnatuleius AR quinarius. Rome mint. 97 B.C. (1.6 g., 16 m). Obv: C EGNATVLEI C F Q, laureate head of Apollo right. Rev: Q in field, Victory left, inscribing shield on trophy. Crawford 333/1. RCV 213. Lucas HApr 10, 2011
Domitian_as_caesar_RIC_V788_Spes.jpg
Domitian as Caesar RIC II V078834 viewsDomitian as Caesar under Vespasian. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 74 A.D. Obv: CAES AVG F DOMIT COS III, Laureate head right. Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVT, Spes advancing left, holding flower in right hand and skirt in left. RIC II V788.RSC 375, BMC V156.
1 commentsLucas HApr 08, 2011
tiberius_countermark.jpg
Tiberius Countermark48 viewsTiberius Countermark on unidentifiable undertype. 14-37 A.D. TI C A. 22 mm. 4.54. Grams.1 commentsLucas HApr 08, 2011
vespasian_posthumous_RIC_T359.jpg
Vespasian RIC II T0359a31 viewsVespasian memorial under Titus. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 80-81 A.D. (3.2 g./17mm. 5 h). Obv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS, laureate head right. Obv: Column mounted with shield and topped by urn, flanked by two laurels, in field EX, on shield SC. RIC II T359a.

One of a series of 4 posthumous denarii struck in Rome by Titus following the deification of Vespasian in 80 A.D.. The EX SC rarely seen on the reverse of precious metal coinage during the empire likely refers to the deification honor bestowed by the Senate.
Lucas HApr 08, 2011
Vespasian_RIC_23_Mars.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 002335 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. (4.32 g/17mm). Rome Mint, 70 Jan.-June AD. Obv: [IMP CA]ESAR VES[PA]SIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: [COS IT]ER [T]R POT, Mars advancing right with spear and Aquila. RIC II 39, RSC 87.

The characteristic portrait of Vespasian recognizable on his later coinage is not yet established on this early example. Vespasian did not arrive in Rome from Egypt until later in 70 A.D., probably October, so his features may have been unknown to the die engravers.
Lucas HApr 08, 2011
Vesp__with_Titus_and_Dom_.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 112459 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum (Lyons) mint 71 AD. (3.13g 17mm.). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P, laureate head right. Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAESARES PRIN IVEN, Titus and Domitian seated left, side by side, holding branches. RIC II 1124 (R).* BMC 393, Sear 2403, RSC 541(b). *Less likely RIC II 1126, with DOMITIANVS on the reverse, but with the pertinent portion off the flan, it would take a die match to establish either conclusively.

Vespasian, who ruled from 69 to 79 AD., acted early to establish his sons, Titus and Domitian, as his clear successors, and produced these dynastic types for that purpose. This is another early example without the typical Vespasian portrait which was later established by the die engravers.
2 commentsLucas HApr 07, 2011
Vespasian_RIC_II_360_Vesta.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 036037 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome mint. 72-73 A.D. (3.39 g. 19.2 m). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COSIIII, laureate head right. Rev: VES-TA across field, Vesta standing left with simpulum and sceptre. RIC II 360. Ex David Hendin.

Vesta is one of the great Roman Divinities, the goddess of the hearth and of fire, and associated with the Greek ESATIA. A simpulum is a ladle used in religious ceremonies and a sign of the priesthood.
2 commentsLucas HApr 06, 2011
Vespasian_RIC_II_T361.jpg
Vespasian RIC II T0361104 viewsVespasian memorial under Titus. AR Denarius. Rome mint 80-81 A.D. (2.1 g. 19mm). Obv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS, laureate head right. Rev: EX SC in exergue, quadriga l. with temple as car (tensa) surmounted by two victories, figure within. RIC T361. Ex David Hendin.

Minted by his son, Titus, to commemorate Vespasian’s deification which occurred in 80 A.D. making it likely the coin was minted in that year.
3 commentsLucas HApr 06, 2011
augustus.jpg
02 02 Augustus. Caius and Lucius47 viewsAugustus. 27 B.C. to 14 A.D. AR Denarius. Lyons Mint. c. 2 B.C.- 4 A.D. 3.68 g./20 mm. Obverse: CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, Laureate head right. Reverse: AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, C L CAESARES in exergue, Caius and Lucius Caesars standing facing, shield and spears between, simpulum and and lituus above. RIC 207. 1 commentsLucas HApr 05, 2011
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Domitian as Caesar RIC II V068044 viewsDomitian under Vespasian. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 73 A.D. (2.96 grams, 19.27 mm. 0 degree). Obv: CAES AVG F DOMIT COS II, laureate head right. Rev: Domitian riding horse left, right hand raised, sceptre in left with human head on it. RIC II V680. BMC 129.

This type probably refers to triumphal parade held for the victory Vespasian and Titus earned in Judaea. Suetonius and Josephus reveal that while Vespasian and Titus rode in separate chariots, Domitian, "magnificently adorned," rode alongside Titus' chariot on a splendid white horse.
3 commentsLucas HApr 05, 2011
Alexander_I,_Balas.jpg
Alexander I, Balas 152-145 B.C.73 viewsAntioch, Drachm, 4.07 g. SC 1785. Obv: Diademed head of Alexander. Rev: Nude Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding arrow in right hand and resting left hand on bow.1 commentsLucas HApr 01, 2011
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044/6 Anonymous Quinarius49 viewsAnonymous Quinarius, from 211 B.C., 1.92 g., Cr 44/6, Obv: Helmeted head of Roma, V behind. Rev: Dioscuri riding right, ROMA in linear frame below. Ex HBJ.2 commentsLucas HApr 01, 2011
Domitian,_ancient_imitation.jpg
Domitian, ancient imitation53 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Unofficial Mint. (3.19g, 19.9m, 6h). Obv: IMP . . . DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P IIII, laureate head right. Rev: TR P? . . . CENS PPP, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to right owl. (M2). Ex Warren Esty.

An ancient imitation, made of good silver, but at an illegal mint. The portrait and inept rendering of one of Domitian’s common Minerva reverses immediately gives this example away.
Lucas HApr 01, 2011
va16.jpg
Greek: Athens Owl, Van Alfen 1640 viewsAthens. 4th Century B.C.. Athenian tetradrachm. (17.04g (17.06g weight published in article), 21.7mm, 9h). Obverse: Head of Athena right, eye in profile, test cut. Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing , to right AO[E], olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square, two test cuts. Van Alfen, AJN, 16-17, 16, this coin. Ex Amphora.
1 commentsLucas HApr 01, 2011
va17.jpg
Athens Tetradrachm Athena and Owl18 viewsAthens. 4th Century B.C.. Athenian tetradrachm. 17.06g. Obverse: Head of Athena right, eye in profile, test cut. Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing , to right AOE, olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square, two test cuts. Van Alfen, AJN, 16-17, 17, this coin. Ex Amphora.
1 commentsLucas HApr 01, 2011
va18.jpg
Athens Tetradrachm Athena and Owl29 viewsAthens. 4th Century B.C.. Athenian tetradrachm. 17.05g. Obverse: Head of Athena right, eye in profile, test cut. Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing , to right AOE, olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square. Van Alfen, AJN, 16-17, 18, this coin. Ex Amphora.
1 commentsLucas HApr 01, 2011
va67.jpg
Athens Tetradrachm Athena and Owl eastern31 viewsAthens. 4th Century B.C.. Easter style Athenian tetradrachm. 16.99 g. Obverse: Head of Athena right, eye in profile. Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing , to right AOE, olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square. Test cut. Van Alfen, AJN, 16-17, 67, this coin. Ex Amphora.
1 commentsLucas HApr 01, 2011
TRIC267_Dom_as_C.jpg
Domitian as Caesar under Titus RIC II T026740 viewsDomitian as Caesar under Titus. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 80-81 A.D. (18 mm, 3.39 g.) Obv: CAESAR DIVI F DOMITIANVS COS VII, laureate head right. Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, goat standing left within laurel wreath. RIC II T267; BMC T88; RSC 390. 2 commentsLucas HApr 01, 2011
Divus_Vespasian.jpg
Vespasian RIC II T035757 viewsVespasian, memorial under Titus. Rome Mint 80-81 A.D. (3.43 g., 17.4 mm). Obv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANUS, laureate head right. Rev: SC inscribed on shield supported by two capricorns, orb with crosshatching below. RIC T357, Sear RCV 2569, Ex David Hendin.4 commentsLucas HMar 21, 2011
owl,_van_alfen_56.jpg
Athens Tetradrachm Athena and Owl eastern38 viewsAthens. 4th Century B.C.. Easter style Athenian tetradrachm. 16.21 g. Obverse: Head of Athena right, eye in profile. Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing , to right AOE, olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square. Van Alfen, AJN, 16-17, 56, this coin. Ex Amphora.1 commentsLucas HMar 21, 2011
owl,_van_alfen_74.jpg
Greek: Athens Owl, Van Alfen 7445 viewsAthens. 4th Century B.C.. Easter style Athenian tetradrachm. 15.71 g. Obverse: Head of Athena right, eye in profile, banker's marks. Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing , to right AOE, olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square, banker's marks. Van Alfen, AJN, 16-17, 74, this coin. Ex Amphora.1 commentsLucas HMar 21, 2011
persian_obol.jpg
Persian Empire, Imitative obol276 views1 commentsLucas HMar 21, 2011
Titus,_Homonoia,_Tet_.jpg
Titus/Homonoia Egyptian Tet.51 viewsTitus 79-81 A.D. Billion Tetradrachm. 10.15 g. 25.8 mm. Alexandria Mint 79-80 A.D. RPC II 2463. Obverse: Laureate head of Titus right. Reverse: Homonoia seated left, olive branch in right, date LB (year 2) right. Ex Forvm.

Homonoia is the goddess of Harmony.
2 commentsLucas HMar 16, 2011
Vespasian_and_titus,_cappadocia,_didrachm.jpg
Vespasian and Titus didrachm29 viewsVespasian and Titus. 67-79A.D.. AR Didrachm. 6.36 gm, 23 mm. Cappadocia, Caesarea mint. Year 9 (76-77 A.D.). Obverse: Laureate head of Vespasian right. Reverse: Laureate head of Titus right. Metcalf 4, RPC II 1650, Sydenham 102.

Well fed prince Titus on the reverse portrait.
1 commentsLucas HMar 09, 2011
Vespasian,_antioch,_tetradrachm.jpg
Vespasian tetradrachm, eastern 2106 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Tetradrachm. Antioch mint. 14.49 g., 26 mm. Obverse: AVTOKPATWP KAICAP CEBACTOC OVECPACIANOC, Laureate bust right. Reverse: ETOYC NEOY IEPOY (date), Eagle standing right on thunerbolt, palm branch left. RPC 1971, McClean 37.

High relief portrait compared to the other similar coin I have. Excellent eagle.
2 commentsLucas HMar 09, 2011
Vespasian,_cappadocia,_victory_didrachm.jpg
Vespasian didrachm, victory53 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D.. AR Didrachm. 77-78 A.D. Cappadocia, Caesarea. 6.78 g. Obverse: Laureate head right. Reverse: Victory walking right, holding wreath and palm. Sydenham, Caesarea 91, Metcalf, Caesarea 9. 1 commentsLucas HMar 09, 2011
Vespasian,_pax_seated.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 077233 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 75 A.D. (19mm, 3.2g). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PON MAX TR P COS VI, Pax seated left, holding branch. RIC II 772. Lucas HMar 07, 2011
Nero,_Billon_Tet__Alexandria.jpg
Nero Billon Tet.81 viewsNero. Billon Tetradrachm. Alexandria Mint. 65-66 A.D. Obverse: radiate bust right, wearing aegis. Reverse: draped bust of Alexandria right in elephant skin headdress. LIB to right. Koln 172-174; Curtis 36-54; SGI 633, RPC 5289. 11.8 g., 25 mm.1 commentsLucas HMar 07, 2011
Alexander_drachm.jpg
Alexander the Great, drachm19 viewsAlexander the Great. AR Drachm. Ionia, Colophon mint. Posthumous, c. 323-319 B.C.. Price 1769. Obverse: Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck. Reverse: Greek inscription, Zeus on throne, right leg drawn back, holding eagle and scepter, lyre left, A under throne. Ex Forvm.Lucas HMar 07, 2011
Antioch_tetradrachm.jpg
Antioch, AR Tetradrachm36 viewsAntioch, After 64 B.C., Roman Rule, S.7214sim, Obverse: Diademed head of Philip Philadelphos right. Reverse: Zeus seated left, holding Nike and sceptre.1 commentsLucas HMar 07, 2011
Republic,_C__Terentius_Lucanus.jpg
217/1 C. Terentius Lucanus AR. Denarius.31 viewsTerentius Lucanus AR Denarius. 147 BC. Obverse: Head of Roma right, small Victory behind. Reverse: The Dioscuri right, C. TER LVC below horses, ROMA in exergue. 3.9 g., 20 mm, RSC Terentia 10, Craw 217/1.Lucas HMar 07, 2011
Republic,_D__Silanus.jpg
337/3 D. Silanus AR. Denarius.25 viewsD. Silanus L. f. AR Denarius. 91 B.C. Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right, control mark behind. Reverse: Victory in biga right, D. SILVANVS L F/ ROMA in exergue. 3.7g, 17 mm, Syd. 646, Cr337/3, RSC Junia 15.Lucas HMar 07, 2011
Republic,_Marcius_Mn__F_.jpg
241/1 M. Marcius Mn. f. AR Denarius31 viewsM. Marcius Mn. f. AR Denarius. 134 B.C. Obverse: Head of Roma right, modius behind. Reverse: Victory in biga right, M MAR C/ RO MA below divided by two ears of corn. 3.6 g, 18 mm, Craw 241/1, RSC Marcia 8.1 commentsLucas HMar 07, 2011
Aretas_IV_and_Shuqailat.jpg
Nabataean, Aretas IV, bronze33 viewsNabataean Kingdom, Aretas IV, 9 B.C.-40 A.D.. 3.39g., 19.2mm, Petra Mint. Meshorer Nabataean 114. Obverse: Jugate laureate and draped bust of Aretas IV and Shuqailat right. Reverse: Two cornucopias crossed and filleted, Aramaic legend, "Aretas, Shuqailat" in two lines above and one below. Ex Forvm.

Paul mentions Aretas IV, the greatest Nabataean king, in connection with his trip to Damascus. (2 Corinthians 11:32).
1 commentsLucas HMar 02, 2011
Aretas_IV,_egeal.jpg
Nabataean, Aretas IV, Eagle28 viewsNabataean Kingdom: Aretas IV, 9 B.C.-40 A.D.. AE 11. 1.02 g., 11.4mm. Petra Mint. Meshorer Nabataean 91. Obverse: Aramaic monogram O/H within wreath. Reverse: Eagle standing left, wings closed, Aramaic het behind. Ex Forvm.

As Aretas' daughter married Herod the Great's son, the eagle on this coin my represent the eagle Herod placed above the Temple and/or be associated with the eagle lepton of Herod.

1 commentsLucas HMar 02, 2011
persian_imitative_obol.jpg
Persian Empire, Imitative obol35 viewsPersian Empire, Gaza, Samaria, or Judaea. c. 375-333 B.C. Imitative of Athens AR obol. 8/7mm, .59 g. Hendin 1011. Obverse: helmeted head of Athena right, olive leaves on helmeted, eye in profile. Reverse: AOE, owl standing right, head facing, olive sprig and crescent behind. Ex Forvm.1 commentsLucas HFeb 27, 2011
persian_silver_siglos.jpg
Persian Empire, Siglos (half-stater)61 viewsPersian Empire, Artaxerxes I-Darius III, c. 450-330 B.C. Lydia. AR Siglos (half-stater). SGCV II 4683 or similar. 15.8 mm, 5.94 g. Obverse: Beardless archer, the Great King, kneeling right, dagger in right, bow in left. Obverse: Oblong punch. Ex Forvm.2 commentsLucas HFeb 27, 2011
roman_republic,_L__Appuleius_Saturninus.jpg
317/3b L. Appuleius Saturninus. 30 viewsRoman Republic. L. Appuleius Saturninus. 104 B.C. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. SRCV I 193, Crawford 317/3b. 18.4mm, 3.32 g. Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma left. Reverse: Saturn in a quadriga right, K below, L SATVRN in exergue. Ex Forvm.Lucas HFeb 27, 2011
roman_republic,_Mn__Cordius_Rufus.jpg
463/1b Mn. Cordius Rufus35 viewsMn. Cordius Rufus. 46 B.C. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. SRCV I 440, Sydenham 976c. 19.2mm, 3.85 g., Obverse: RVFVS III-VIR, Conjoined heads of the Dioscuri r., wearing pilei surmounted by stars. Reverse: MN-CORDIVS (MN in monogram) on right, Venus Verticordia standing left, scales in right, transverse scepter in left, cupid on her left shoulder. Ex Forvm.1 commentsLucas HFeb 27, 2011
Rex_Aretas,_Denarius.jpg
422/1b M. Aemilius Scaurus & P. Plautius Hypsaeus150 viewsRepublic. AR Denarius. 58 B.C. 3.93 g. Obv: M SCAVR AED CVR above, EX S C in fields, REX ARETAS below, King Aretas kneels right with palm branch in left hand, alongside camel. Rev: P HVPSAEVS AED CVR above, CAPTVM on right, C HVPSAE COS PREIVE in exergue, Jupiter drives quadriga left and hurls thunderbolt. Crawford 422/1b. Hendin 1441. Ex Amphora-catalog 98, item 96.

My absolute favorite coin thus far! Commemorating Scaurus' victory over Nabataea.
8 commentsLucas HFeb 26, 2011
Vespasian_tetradrachm.jpg
Vespasian Tetradrachm, eastern121 viewsVespasian AR tetradrachm. Eastern mint, likely Antioch. c. 70-71 A.D. 24 mm, 14.7 g. Obverse: Laureate head right. Reverse: Eagle standing left on club, palm before. (RPC 1961?).2 commentsLucas HFeb 26, 2011
Alexander_Jannaeus,_Hendin_1144.jpg
Hendin 114461 viewsAlexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan). AE Prutah, Jerusalem Mint. Hendin 1144. Obverse: Hebrew inscription (Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews) within wreath. Reverse: Double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns, border of dots. Ex Amphora.

Probable obverse die match to another member's coin of the same type: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?album=random&cat=24403&pos=-49572
1 commentsLucas HFeb 26, 2011
Alexander_Jannaeus_overstrike,_H_1149(a).jpg
Hendin 1149a overstrike82 viewsAlexander Jannaeus. AE Prutah, Jerusalem Mint. Hendin 1149(a) (cornucopias overstruck on lily and inscription overstruck on anchor). Obverse: Hebrew inscription (Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews) within wreath. Reverse: Double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranite between horns.

On the obverse, the circle which originally enclosed the anchor is visible on the top with part of the original Greek inscription from the underlying coin from 1:00 o'clock to 3:00 o'clock. On the reverse of this coin, traces of the lily are clearly visible above and perpendicular to the cornucopias. A portion of the original script from the underlying coin can be seen from 11:00 o'clock to 1:00 o'clock.
1 commentsLucas HFeb 22, 2011
Antonius_Felix,_h_1348.jpg
Hendin 1348 Antonius Felix, Crossed Sheilds128 viewsAntonius Felix. AE Prutah. 54 A.D.. Caesarea Mint. Obverse: (Nero Claudius Caesar), two oblong shields and spears crossed. Reverse: (Britannicus) above, (year 14 of Caesar), six-branched palm tree bearing two bunches of dates. Ex Amphora.

Acts 24:24. Paul appeared before Felix during his imprisonment in Caesarea.
1 commentsLucas HFeb 19, 2011
Herod,_h_1188.jpg
Hendin 118856 viewsHerod the Great. 40-4 B.C.. AE Prutah. Jerusalem Mint. Hendin 1188. Obverse Greek inscription, anchor. Reverse: Double cornucopia with caduceus between, dots above.

The most commonly struck coin during Herod's reign.
Lucas HFeb 19, 2011
Herod,_h_1190.jpg
Hendin 1190: Herod the Great, Eagle Lepton62 viewsHerod the Great. 37-4 B.C.. AE half-prutah. Jerusalem Mint. Hendin 1190. Obverse: (Of King Herod in Greek), single cornucopia. Reverse: Eagle standing right. Ex Amphora.

The first coin by a Jewish ruler to depict a graven image. This could be a reference to the golden bird King Herod placed at the Second Temple in Jerusalem.
Lucas HFeb 19, 2011
John_Hyrcanus_I,_h_1131.jpg
Hendin 1131: John Hyrcanus I (Yehohanan)46 viewsJohn Hycranus I (Yehohanan) with Antiochus VII. Jerusalem Mint. 132-130 B.C.. AE 14-15mm. Hendin 1131. Obverse: (of King Antiochus, Benefactor in Greek), inverted anchor, date uncertain. Reverse: Lily.

Struck by John Hycanus I (Yehohanan), King of Judaea, in the name of Seleukid King Antiochos VII.
Lucas HFeb 19, 2011
Revolt,_j_1360.jpg
Hendin 1360104 viewsAE Prutah. Year 2, 67-68 A.D.. Hendin 1360. Obverse: Amphora with broad rim and two handles, (year 2 in Hebrew). Reverse: Vine leaf on small branch, (the freedom of Zion in Hebrew). ex Forvm.3 commentsLucas HFeb 19, 2011
nabataea,_aretas_IV,_silver.jpg
Nabataean, Aretas IV54 viewsNabataean Kington: Aretas IV. AR Drachm. Obverse: Aramaic "Aretas, king of Nabataea, lover of his people," laureate and draped bust of Aretas right. Reverse: Aramaic "Shuqailat, queen of Nabataea," date off flan, jugate busts of Aretas and Shuqailat right.

Ex Forvm. This is a well worn coin, but I like it for a couple of reasons. First, it was an affordable silver coin from Nabataea. Second, the flan is uniformly thick. Much thicker than the denarii I've put together.
1 commentsLucas HFeb 18, 2011
republic_denarius,_bacchus,_h_1443.jpg
431/1 A. Plautius 50 viewsA. Plautius. Republic: AR Denarius. Hendin 1443. BACCHIVS, IVDAEVS, kneeling figure facing right with palm branch in left hand, camel behind. A PLAVTIVS AED CVR S C, turreted head facing right.

Very worn, but I enjoy the historic significance of this coin. I understand this may be the first coin depicting Roman involvement in Judaea.
1 commentsLucas HFeb 18, 2011
vespasian,_tetradrachm.jpg
Vespasian Tetradrachm/Egypt85 viewsVespasian: Alexandria, Egypt Mint. c. 69-70 A.D. AR Tetradrachm. Emmett 205. 2 commentsLucas HFeb 15, 2011
vespasian,_ric_685.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 068533 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 74 A.D. Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PONTIF MAXIM, Vespasian seated right on curule chair, holding branch and sceptre. RIC 685, RSC 386.

Possible double strike on the obverse. See the "shadow" of Vespasian's profile from his forehead to his nose.
Lucas HFeb 15, 2011
vespasian_hemidrachm.jpg
Vespasian Hemidrachm78 viewsVespasian: Cappadocia, Caesarea. AR Hemidrachm. RPC 1659. Sear GIC 735. Obverse: AVTOKP KAICAP OVECPACIANOC CEBA, Laureate head right. Reverse: Nike advancing right, holding wreath and palm.

I think this is my favorite coin I have posted so far. I think it is the detail in conjunction with the small size. I'm glad I do not have to engrave dies this small.
4 commentsLucas HFeb 15, 2011
Domitian,_RIC_720.jpg
Domitian RIC II 072087 viewsDomitian 81-96A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 90-91 A.D. Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P X, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on rostral capital column M2, holding spear and shield, owl at feet. RIC 720, RSC 266.

One of my favorite coins, not because of it's rarity or condition, but rather it was one of my first successful auctions, and one of my first "nicer" denarii with clear legends.
5 commentsLucas HFeb 14, 2011
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