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Oinoanda.JPG
Turkey, İncealiler - Termessos ad Oenoanda75 viewsOenoanda in the upper valley of the Xanthus River, was a colony of Termessos Major, and was also called Termessos Minor. The ruins of the city lie west of the modern village İncealiler in the Fethiye district of Muğla Province, Turkey, which partly overlies the ancient site. An extensive inscription of Diogenes of Oenoanda has been identified from over 300 scattered fragments, apparently from the stoa, varying in size from a few letters to passages of several sentences covering more than one block. The inscription sets out Epicurus' teachings on physics, epistemology, and ethics. It was originally about 25,000 words long and filled 260 square meters of wall. The stoa was dismantled in the second half of the third century A.D. to make room for a defensive wall; previously the site had been undefended.

By Ansgar Bovet - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18861664
Joe SermariniJun 29, 2019
Side_Commercial_agora_panorama_2.jpg
Turkey, Side, Pamphylia The Commercial Agora31 viewsTurkey, Side, Pamphylia the Commercial Agora

The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. The well-preserved city walls provide an entrance to the site through the Hellenistic main gate (Megale Pyle) of the ancient city, although this gate from the 2nd century BC is badly damaged. Next comes the colonnaded street, whose marble columns are no longer extant; all that remains are a few broken stubs near the old Roman baths. The street leads to the public bath, restored as a museum displaying statues and sarcophagi from the Roman period. Next is the square agora with the remains of the round Tyche and Fortuna temple (2nd century BC), peripteral with twelve columns, in the middle. In later times it was used as a trading center where pirates sold slaves. The remains of the theater, which was used for gladiator fights and later as a church, and the monumental gate date back to the 2nd century. The early Roman Temple of Dionysus is near the theater. The fountain gracing the entrance is restored. At the left side are the remains of a Byzantine Basilica. A public bath has also been restored. The remaining ruins of Side include three temples, an aqueduct, and a nymphaeum.

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Side_Commercial_agora_panorama_2.jpg
Author, Date: Dosserman, 20 February 2015
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
Joe SermariniJun 23, 2019
Side_TH_au.JPG
Turkey, Side, Pamphylia Theater 2nd Century AD Exterior23 viewsTurkey, Side, Pamphylia theater 2nd century AD, exterior. The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. They cover a large promontory which a wall and a moat separate from the mainland. There are colossal ruins of a theater complex, the largest in Pamphylia, built in the 2nd century A.D. Following design it relies on arches to support the sheer verticals. The Roman style was adopted because Side lacked a convenient hillside that could be hollowed out in the usual Greek fashion more typical of Asia Minor. In Greek fashion, the seating (for 15,000–20,000 people) curves 210° vice the usual 180° for a Roman theater. The stage building was ornately adorned but the decorations and the theater are damaged, in part due to a strong earthquake. The theater was converted into an open-air sanctuary with two chapels during the 5th or 6th century (Byzantine times).

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Side_TH_au.JPG

Author, Date: Dosseman, 21 March 2011

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
Joe SermariniJun 23, 2019
Side_Theatre_panorama.jpg
Turkey, Side, Pamphylia Theater 2nd Century AD panorama22 viewsTurkey, Side, Pamphylia, theater 2nd century AD, panorama

The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. They cover a large promontory which a wall and a moat separate from the mainland. There are colossal ruins of a theater complex, the largest in Pamphylia, built in the 2nd century A.D. Following design it relies on arches to support the sheer verticals. The Roman style was adopted because Side lacked a convenient hillside that could be hollowed out in the usual Greek fashion more typical of Asia Minor. In Greek fashion, the seating (for 15,000–20,000 people) curves 210° vice the usual 180° for a Roman theater. The stage building was ornately adorned but the decorations and the theater are damaged, in part due to a strong earthquake. The theater was converted into an open-air sanctuary with two chapels during the 5th or 6th century (Byzantine times).

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Side_Theatre_panorama.jpg

Author, Date: Dosseman, 21 March 2011

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
Joe SermariniJun 23, 2019
Sunrise_apollo_side.jpg
Turkey, Side, Pamphylia Temple of Apollo 42 viewsThe ruins of the Temple of Apollo at Side, Antalya, Turkey.

The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. The well-preserved city walls provide an entrance to the site through the Hellenistic main gate (Megale Pyle) of the ancient city, although this gate from the 2nd century BC is badly damaged. Next comes the colonnaded street, whose marble columns are no longer extant; all that remains are a few broken stubs near the old Roman baths. The street leads to the public bath, restored as a museum displaying statues and sarcophagi from the Roman period. Next is the square agora with the remains of the round Tyche and Fortuna temple (2nd century BC), peripteral with twelve columns, in the middle. In later times it was used as a trading center where pirates sold slaves. The remains of the theater, which was used for gladiator fights and later as a church, and the monumental gate date back to the 2nd century. The early Roman Temple of Dionysus is near the theater. The fountain gracing the entrance is restored. At the left side are the remains of a Byzantine Basilica. A public bath has also been restored. The remaining ruins of Side include three temples, an aqueduct, and a nymphaeum.

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sunrise_apollo_side.jpg
Photo by Saffron Blaze, via http://www.mackenzie.co
Date: 21 October 2011
Authorization: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en
Joe SermariniJun 23, 2019
Side_Tyche_temple_on_agora.jpg
Turkey, Side, Pamphylia Temple of Tyche on the commercial agora24 viewsThere are two agoras: a commercial one and one, called "State agora." On the commercial one there is a round temple, well-restored, that was dedicated to Tyche. The agora is over 8000 square meters, surrounded by columns, with shops, exedras and latrines and washing places. On it inconceivable numbers of slaves must have been traded, for during part of its history Side was a major center for pirates who stationed their fleet here. In the center stood a temple for the protective goddess of the city, Tyche. The present construction dates from the 2nd century A.D., it was in use in Byzantine times.

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Side_Tyche_temple_on_agora_6140.jpg

Author, Date: Dosserman, 20 February 2015

Joe SermariniJun 23, 2019
Side_Theatre.jpg
Turkey, Side, Pamphylia Theater 2nd Century AD18 viewsThe great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. They cover a large promontory which a wall and a moat separate from the mainland. There are colossal ruins of a theater complex, the largest in Pamphylia, built in the 2nd century A.D. Following design it relies on arches to support the sheer verticals. The Roman style was adopted because Side lacked a convenient hillside that could be hollowed out in the usual Greek fashion more typical of Asia Minor. In Greek fashion, the seating (for 15,000–20,000 people) curves 210° vice the usual 180° for a Roman theater. The stage building was ornately adorned but the decorations and the theater are damaged, in part due to a strong earthquake. The theater was converted into an open-air sanctuary with two chapels during the 5th or 6th century (Byzantine times).

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Side_Theatre_4192.jpg

Author, Date: Dosseman, 21 March 2011

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
Joe SermariniJun 22, 2019
IMG_7388_comp.jpg
Italy, Rome, The Painted Garden of Livia21 viewsThe painted garden of Livia Augusta was located at her country residence in Prima Porta, 15km north along the Via Flaminia. It was decorating the walls of a windowless underground room which was probably used as a summer room.

The painted garden runs along the four walls depicting plants and trees in different periods of time with overlapping flowering and mature fruits. Plant species depicted include: umbrella pine, oak, red fir, quince, pomegranate, myrtle, oleander, date palm, strawberry, laurel, viburnum, holm oak, boxwood, cypress, ivy, acanthus, rose, poppy, chrysanthemum, chamomile, fern, violet, and iris. Birds are present almost everywhere.

In 1950 the frescoes were detached from the villa and transferred to the Museo Nazionale Romano di Palazzo Massimo, close to Stazione Termini, and located at the third floor.

Sergio OrataFeb 19, 2019
Kassope.jpg
Greece, Epirus, Kassope Street in Kassope and view to the south20 viewsGreece, Epirus, Kassope Street in Kassope and view to the south

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kassope_2016-05-09_13.06.21.jpg
9 May 2016 Rjdeadly

Kassope or Cassope was an ancient Greek city in Epirus. Kassope occupies a magnificent and remote site on a high platform overlooking the sea, the Ambracian Gulf and the fertile lands to the south, and with the slopes of the Zalongo mountain to the north. It is considered one of the best remaining examples of a city built on a rectilinear street grid of a Hippodamian plan in Greece. The first settlements on the site are from the Paleolithic. However the city of Kassope was founded in the middle of the 4th century B.C. as the capital of the Kassopaeans, a sub-tribe of the Thesprotians. It belonged to the Aetolian League. Cassope or Cassopia is mentioned in the war carried on by Cassander against Alcetas II of Epirus, in 312 B.C. The city flourished in the 3rd century BC, when large public buildings were built. Kassope also minted its own coins. It was destroyed by Roman forces in 168-167 B.C. Kassope was abandoned in 31 B.C. when the remaining inhabitants resettled to Nikopolis the region’s new capital. The visible remains include the Cyclopean walls, an agora, a theater, the prytaneion.
Joe SermariniFeb 16, 2019
Laodicea.JPG
Turkey, near Denizli, Laodicea on the Lycus22 viewsLaodicea on the Lycus was an ancient city built on the river Lycus (Curuksu), in Lydia, later the Roman Province of Phrygia Pacatiana. It contained one of the Seven churches of Asia mentioned in the Book of Revelation. It is now near the modern city of Denizli. In 2013 the archaeological site was identified as a of World Heritage Site. The existing remains attest to its former greatness. Its many buildings include a stadium, baths, temples, a gymnasium, theaters, and a bouleuterion (Senate House). On the eastern side, the line of the ancient wall may be distinctly traced, with the remains of the Ephesus gate; there are streets traversing the town, flanked by colonnades and numerous pedestals. North of the town, towards the Lycus, are many sarcophagi, with their covers lying near them, partly embedded in the ground, and all having been long since rifled.

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Laodicea_(2).JPG

Photo by Rjdeadly, 16 May 2012
Joe SermariniFeb 02, 2019
LimyraTheater.jpg
Turkey, Antalya Province, Limyra - Theater28 viewsLimyra was a small city in Lycia on the southern coast of Asia Minor, on the Limyrus River, about 5 1/2 KM from the mouth of that river. The ruins are about 5 km northeast of the town of Finike (ancient Phoenicus) in Antalya Province, Turkey. It was a prosperous city, and one of the oldest cities in Lycia. It had rich and abundant soil, and gradually became one of the finest trade settlements in Greece. Pericles adopted it as the capital of the Lycian League. The city came under control of the Persian Empire after it was conquered by Cyrus the Great. He later annexed Lydia and its territories after a decisive victory at the Battle of Thymbra and the Siege of Sardis, where he defeated armies twice as large as his. Cyrus then got his greatest general: Harpagus of Media to conquer the much smaller kingdoms in Anatolia, while he went to conquer the Neo-Babylonian Empire. Anatolia would become an important place for the Persian monarchs who succeeded Cyrus. The massive Royal road constructed by Darius went from the Persian capital of Persepolis, to the Anatolian city of Sardis. Limyra would stay under Persian control until it was conquered and sacked by Alexander the Great. It is mentioned by Strabo (XIV, 666), Ptolemy (V, 3, 6) and several Latin authors. Gaius Caesar, adopted son of Augustus, died there (Velleius Paterculus, II, 102). Ruins consist of a theater, tombs, sarcophagi, bas-reliefs, Greek and Lycian inscriptions etc. About 3 km east of the site is the Roman Bridge at Limyra, one of the oldest segmented arch bridges of the world.

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:LimyraTheater1.jpg
Photo by Kpisimon, 8 May 1988
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
Joe SermariniJan 25, 2019
Arwad.jpg
Syria, Arwad / Ruad (Arados, Phoenicia)22 viewsArwad, an island about 800 m long by 500 m wide, about 50 km north of Tripolis, was settled in the early 2nd millennium B.C. by the Phoenicians. Ancient Arados was an important trading city surrounded by a massive wall and an artificial harbor on the east side toward the mainland. Its powerful navy and ships are mentioned in the monuments of Egypt and Assyria. In the Bible, an "Arvad" is noted as the forefather of the "Arvadites," a Canaanite people. Arados ruled some neighboring cities on the mainland, such as Marat (present-day Amrit) and Sumur, the former nearly opposite the island and the latter some kilometers to the south and held hegemony over the northern Phoenician cities from the mouth of the Orontes to the northern limits of Lebanon, something like that of Sidon in the south. Under the Persians, Arwad was allowed to unite in a confederation with Sidon and Tyre, with a common council at Tripolis. When Alexander the Great invaded Syria in 332 B.C., Arados submitted without a struggle under her king Strato, who sent his navy to aid Alexander in the reduction of Tyre. The city received the favor of the Seleucid kings of Syria and enjoyed the right of asylum for political refugees. It is mentioned in a rescript from Rome about 138 B.C. in connection with other cities and rulers of the East, to show favor to the Jews. This was after Rome had begun to interfere in the affairs of Judea and Syria and indicates that Arwad was still of considerable importance at that time.

Photo by NASA.
Joe SermariniJan 16, 2019
Urfa_Castle_02.jpg
Turkey, Sanliurfa Province, Urfa - Roman Columns of Edessa18 viewsThe heritage of Roman Edessa survives today in these columns at the site of Urfa Castle, dominating the skyline of the modern city of Urfa.

Photo by Bernard Gagnon, 24 May 2014.
Joe SermariniJan 15, 2019
20111224_Flavius_Marcianus_Augustus_Column_Fatih_Istanbul_Turkey.jpg
Turkey, Istanbul - the Column of Marcian36 viewsThe column of emperor Marcian, Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey.

The Column of Marcian was dedicated to Marcian, built by the praefectus urbi Tatianus, sometime between 450 and 452. It still stands in modern Istanbul, though the statue of Marcian which originally topped it has been lost. Marcian also had a statue in the Forum of Arcadius, which contained the statues of several of Arcadius' successors.

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:20111224_Flavius_Marcianus_Augustus_Column_Fatih_Istanbul_Turkey.jpg
Joe SermariniJan 06, 2019
1920px-The_Temple_of_Zeus_Lepsinos_at_Euromus.jpg
Turkey, Kizilcakuyu (Euromus, Caria) The Temple of Zeus Lepsinos100 viewsThe Temple of Zeus Lepsinos at Euromus was built on the site of an earlier Carian temple in the 2nd century AD during the reign of the emperor Hadrian.1 commentsJoe SermariniDec 15, 2018
Kos_Gymnasion_7.jpg
Greece, Kos, Gymnasium of Kos, archaeologic site in Kos city, Kos island 33 viewsGymnasium of Kos, archaeologic site in Kos city, Kos island.Joe SermariniDec 15, 2018
Turkey_ancient_tombs.jpg
Turkey, Dalyan - The rock tombs of Kaunos54 viewsOutside the official Kaunos archeological site, near Dalyan, Turkey there are six rock tombs on the Dalyan river (4th – 2nd century BC). The façades of the rock tombs resemble the fronts of Hellenistic temples with two Ionian pillars, a triangular pediment, an architrave with toothed friezes, and acroterions shaped like palm leaves.1 commentsJoe SermariniDec 14, 2018
Athens_3636.jpg
GREECE, Athens, Burial Monument of Dionysios of Kollitos.43 viewsBurial Monument of Dionysios of Kollitos at the first cemetery of Athens Kerameikos.Grant HAug 19, 2018
Athens_3635.jpg
Greece, Athens, Kerameikos Ancient cemetery of Athens.47 viewsKerameikos Ancient cemetery of Athens, Mans best friend guarding his masters last resting place for twenty five hundred years.Grant HAug 19, 2018
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Greece, Athens, The Parthenon48 viewsGrant HAug 19, 2018
Athens_3483.jpg
Greece, Athens, Heinrich Schliemanns house.46 viewsReverse die of an Athenian Tetradrachm Heinrich Schliemanns house Grant HAug 19, 2018
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Greece, Athens, Heinrich Schliemanns house.45 viewsHeinrich Schliemanns coin cabinet at his family home,Athens Greece,where the national numismatic collection is housed.Grant HAug 19, 2018
Lion_of_Amphipolis.jpg
Greece, Amphipolis, Lion of Amphipolis - Via Egnatia, west side of the Strymonas river71 viewsAmphipolis is best known for being a magnificent ancient Greek polis (city), and later a Roman city, whose impressive remains can still be seen. It is famous in history for events such as the battle between the Spartans and Athenians in 422 B.C., and also as the place where Alexander the Great prepared for campaigns leading to his invasion of Asia. Alexander's three finest admirals, Nearchus, Androsthenes and Laomedon, resided in this city and it is also the place where, after Alexander's death, his wife Roxane and their small son Alexander IV were exiled and later murdered. Excavations in and around the city have revealed important buildings, ancient walls and tombs. The finds are displayed at the archaeological museum of Amphipolis. At the nearby vast Kasta burial mound, an important ancient Macedonian tomb has recently been revealed. The unique and beautiful "Lion of Amphipolis" monument nearby is a popular destination for visitors.
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/70/Loewe_von_Amphipolis.jpg
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International
Date 16 June 2018
Author Neptuul
Joe SermariniAug 08, 2018
RomaForoRomanoTempioAntoninoFaustina.JPG
Italy, Rome, Temple of Antoninus and Faustina, with the church of San Lorenzo in Miranda, view from Palatine Hill, May 2005.61 viewsTemple of Antoninus and Faustina, with the church of San Lorenzo in Miranda, view from Palatine Hill, May 2005. The Temple of Antoninus and Faustina is an ancient Roman temple in Rome, adapted as a Roman Catholic church, Chiesa di San Lorenzo in Miranda. It is in the Forum Romanum, on the Via Sacra, opposite the Regia. The temple was begun by Antoninus Pius in 141 and was initially dedicated to his deceased and deified wife, Faustina the Elder. When Antoninus Pius was deified after his death in 161 AD, the temple was re-dedicated jointly to Antoninus and Faustina at the instigation of his successor, Marcus Aurelius. The ten monolithic Corinthian columns of its pronaos are 17 metres high. The rich bas-reliefs of the frieze under the cornice, of garlanded griffons and candelabri, were often copied from the sixteenth through the nineteenth centuries.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temple_of_Antoninus_and_Faustina Photograph released to the public domain.
1 commentsJoe SermariniAug 07, 2018
hagiasophianight.jpg
Turkey, Istanbul, Hagia Sophia at Night37 viewsSimonJul 22, 2018
HagiaSophia2ndFloor.jpg
Turkey, Istanbul, Hagia Sophia , picture from 2nd Floor51 views1 commentsSimonJul 22, 2018
Athens_3348.jpg
Greece, Lavreotiki, Thorikos39 viewsTheatre of Thorikos
Unique due to its shape which comprises an elongated layout with an oval orchestra, the theatre was built in the late 6th century BC and it is the earliest found so far in Greece. The theatre was excavated by the American School of Classical Studies in 1886.
Grant HJul 15, 2018
Athens_3327.jpg
Greece, Lavreotiki, Thorikos33 viewsMetallurgy roadGrant HJul 15, 2018
Athens_3338.jpg
Greece, Lavreotiki, Thorikos26 viewsAthenian silver mine.
Due to its proximity to the mines of Lavrion, Thorikos was the mining centre of the Lavreotika region. The site was inhabited from the Neolithic age (ca. 4500 BC) until the 1st century BC. The silver from here set the foundations of the city-state of Athens, making it possible to mint the city's famous silver “Owl” coin.
Grant HJul 15, 2018
Athens_3368.jpg
Greece, Lavreotiki, Thorikos28 viewsThe washery, Thorikos
Level washery for concentrating lead ore. Situated next to the Ancient Theatre of Thorikos. Restored by the Belgian School of Athens.
Grant HJul 15, 2018
Found_near_Bridgeness,_Bo__ness,_West_Lothian.JPG
Scotland, Antonine Wall, Distance Slab21 viewsThese inscribed stones, known as distance slabs, are unique in the Roman Empire. They celebrate the work of the legions which constructed the Antonine Wall in Scotland. Evidence suggests that the slabs, all made of local sandstone, were set into stone frames along the length of the Wall and are likely to have faced South into the Empire.
Nineteen of these slabs are known of so far, the elaborate carving on many of them celebrating the culmination of a successful campaign by the triumphant Roman army.

IMP CAES TITO AELIO HADRI ANTONINO AVG PIO P P LEG II AVG PER M P IIIIDCLII FEC
"For the Emperor Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius, Father of his Country, the Second Augustan Legion completed 4652 feet"

This slab was found at Bridgeness, Bo'ness in 1868, it is now in the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh.
*AlexJul 14, 2018
Found_at_Hutcheson_Hill,_West_Dunbartonshire_near_Cleddans_.jpg
Scotland, Antonine Wall, Distance Slab22 viewsThese inscribed stones, known as distance slabs, are unique in the Roman Empire. They celebrate the work of the legions which constructed the Antonine Wall in Scotland. Evidence suggests that the slabs, all made of local sandstone, were set into stone frames along the length of the Wall and are likely to have faced South into the Empire.
Nineteen of these slabs are known of so far, the elaborate carving on many of them celebrating the culmination of a successful campaign by the triumphant Roman army.

IMP C T AE HADRIANO ANTONINO AVG PIO P P VEX LEG XX VV FEC PP III
"For the Emperor Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius, Father of his Country, a detachment of the Twentieth Valient and Victorious Legion built this over a distance of 3000 feet"

This slab was found at Hutcheson Hill, near Cleddans, West Dunbartonshire and it is now in the Hunterian Museum in Glasgow.
*AlexJul 14, 2018
Old_Kilpatrick,_West_Dunbartonshire_-_Antonine_Wall.JPG
Scotland, Antonine Wall, Distance Slab24 viewsThese inscribed stones, known as distance slabs, are unique in the Roman Empire. They celebrate the work of the legions which constructed the Antonine Wall in Scotland. Evidence suggests that the slabs, all made of local sandstone, were set into stone frames along the length of the Wall and are likely to have faced South into the Empire.
Nineteen of these slabs are known of so far, the elaborate carving on many of them celebrating the culmination of a successful campaign by the triumphant Roman army.

IMP C T AE HADRIANO ANTONINO AVG PIO P P VEX LEG XX VV FEC PP IIII CDXI
"For the Emperor Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius, Father of his Country, a detachment of the Twentieth Valient and Victorious Legion built this over a distance of 4411 feet"

This slab was found at Old Kirkpatrick, West Dunbartonshire and is now in the Hunterian Museum in Glasgow.
*AlexJul 14, 2018
Antonine_Wall.jpg
Scotland, Falkirk, Section of the Antonine Wall39 viewsThe Antonine Wall was built by the Romans across what is now the Central Belt of Scotland, between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Clyde. Representing the northernmost frontier barrier of the Roman Empire, it spanned approximately 63 kilometres (39 miles) and was about 3 metres (10 feet) high and 5 metres (16 feet) wide.
Construction began in AD 142 at the order of the Emperor Antoninus Pius, and took about 12 years to complete.
Most of the wall and its associated fortifications have been destroyed over time, but some remains are still visible. Many of these have come under the care of Historic Scotland and the UNESCO World Heritage Committee.
1 comments*AlexJul 13, 2018
Lilia__Roughcastle.jpg
Scotland, Roughcastle Roman Fort, Lilia66 viewsThese deep pits, which would have had something like a sharpened stake in the centre of them, were known as lilia because they apparently reminded the Romans of lilies. They are shown on Trajan's column in Rome and were also described by Julius Caesar in his Gallic Wars.
Lilia, which have been found at eight different locations along the 39 miles of the Antonine Wall, are part of its defensive system. The defensive line would have consisted of the ditch, the wall and these lilia, which you might call the ancient Roman equivalent of a minefield.
The lilia pictured above are at the Roman fort of Roughcastle a few miles west of Falkirk.
1 comments*AlexJul 13, 2018
Column_of_Marcus_Aurelius_The_Miracle_of_the_Rain.jpg
Italy, Rome, The Colum of Marcus Aurelius with Detail Memorializing the "Miracle in the Rain"50 viewsThe Column of Marcus Aurelius in Piazza Colonna. The five horizontal slits (visible in the middle photo) allow light into the internal stairway. The photo on the right shows detail memorializing the "Miracle in the Rain."

On June 11, 173, during the Marcomannic Wars (166–180), the Roman army in Moravia was outnumbered and surrounded by the Quadi, suffering from the extreme heat, out of water, and on the verge of defeat. Dio writes, "many clouds gathered and a mighty rain, not without divine interposition, burst upon them...when the rain poured down, at first all turned their faces upwards and received the water in their mouths; then some held out their shields and some their helmets to catch it, and they not only took deep draughts themselves but also gave their horses to drink...while those on the one side were being drenched and drinking, the others [the Quadi] were being consumed by fire [lightning] and dying." The Romans were soon victorious. Marcus was saluted imperator for the seventh time and the "miracle of the rain" was memorialized on Marcus Aurelius' column. In 174, Marcus Aurelius officially conferred the title Fulminata (Thundering) to the Legio XII Fulminata.

Photos by Adrian Pingstone released to the public domain.
Joe SermariniJun 14, 2018
Amrit.jpg
Syria, The Ma'abed - Temple at Marathos (Amrit)33 viewsOne of the most important excavations at Marathos (Amrit) was the Phoenician temple, commonly referred to the "ma'abed," dedicated to the god Melqart of Tyre and Eshmun. The colonnaded temple, excavated between 1955 and 1957, consists of a large court cut out of rock measuring 47 × 49 metres (154 × 161 ft) and over 3 metres (9.8 ft) deep, surrounded by a covered portico. In the center of the court a well-preserved cube-shaped cella stands. The open-air courtyard was filled with the waters of a local, traditionally sacred spring, a unique feature of this site. The temple—which was dated to the late 4th century BC, a period following the Persian expansion into Syria—shows major Achaemenid influence in its layout and decoration. According to Dutch archaeologist, Peter Akkermans, the temple is the "best-preserved monumental structure from the Phoenician homeland."

Source:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amrit#/media/File:Amrit01.jpg
Photo by Jerzy Strzelecki
Joe SermariniMay 25, 2018
800px-StatuenMozia.jpg
Motya Charioteer marble sculpture31 viewsThe remarkable and exquisite Motya Charioteer marble sculpture found in 1979 is world famous and is on display at the local Giuseppe Whitaker museum.

Motya was an ancient and powerful city on an island off the west coast of Sicily, between Drepanum (modern Trapani) and Lilybaeum (modern Marsala). The island was renamed San Pantaleo in the 11th century by Basilian monks. It lies in the Stagnone Lagoon, and is within the comune of Marsala. The island is nearly 850 metres (2,790 ft) long and 750 metres (2,460 ft) wide, and about 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) (six stadia) from the mainland of Sicily. It was joined to the mainland in ancient times by an artificial causeway (paved road), by which chariots with large wheels could reach the town.

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:StatuenMozia.jpg
Photo by: AEK
Released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
Joe SermariniJan 28, 2018
roman_Brno.jpg
Czech Republic, Morava region - Brno - V-shaped ditch of Roman temporary camp68 viewsV-shaped ditch of Roman temporary camp in Brno watching ford crosing on Svratka River in area of Marcoman tribe for while sometimes from 172 - 180 AD in time of Marcus Aurelius' Marcomannic Wars.
Dec 2017 excavated
1 commentsBohemianJan 16, 2018
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Iran, Naqsh-e-Rajab, Fars Province59 viewsThe investiture of Ardashir I (left) by Ahura Mazda2 commentsSchatzDec 19, 2017
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Iran, Ardashir I, 224 - 242 AD61 viewsThe investiture of the first Sasanian king, Ardashir I, by Ahura Mazda (left), a rock relief in Naqsh-e-Rostam north of Persepolis.1 commentsSchatzDec 19, 2017
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Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province49 viewsPart of the relief showing Hormizd II (303-309 AD) toppling a mounted enemy.SchatzDec 10, 2017
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Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province44 viewsThe investiture of Narseh (293-303 AD) by the goddess AnahitaSchatzDec 10, 2017
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Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province41 viewsTwo-panel equestrian relief showing the exploits of Bahram II, most likely against a Roman on the upper part, on the lower panel perhaps against an Indo-Sasanian ruler.SchatzDec 10, 2017
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Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province39 viewsBahram II in combat with a mounted Roman
SchatzDec 10, 2017
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Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province43 viewsThe grandee relief of King Bahram II (276-293 AD) surrounded by his entourage
SchatzDec 10, 2017
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Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province46 viewsThe Sasanian king Shahpur I (241-272 AD) with his characteristic hairdo, the korymbos, in front of two prisoners, the supplicant Roman emperor Valerian and Philip the Arab after the battle of Edessa in 240 AD
SchatzDec 10, 2017
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Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province 43 viewsInvestiture of Ardashir I (226-242 AD) by Ahura Mazda. Under their horses’ hooves crushed enemies, in the case of Ardashir the last Parthian king Artabanos IV. The bilingual inscription (Middle Persian and Parthian) for the first time mentions the name ‘ērān’ (Iran).SchatzDec 10, 2017
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Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province35 viewsThe top of this tomb shows king Dareios I worshiping in front of a fire altar with Ahura Mazda’s symbol above.SchatzDec 10, 2017
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Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province30 viewsThe tomb of Dareios I (522-486 BC)is the only one identified with certainty from the head of the relief. The others are believed to be those of Xerxes I (486-465 BC), Artaxerxes I (465-424 BC), and Dareios II (423-404 BC).SchatzDec 10, 2017
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Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province38 viewsOn a steep rock face just a few miles north of Persepolis lies the necropolis of the Achaemenid kings consisting of the tombs of Dareios I and three of his successors (the fourth tomb is around the corner). Some time after this picture was taken, the sandy hill in front of the rock was removed so that one could see the Sasanian rock reliefs between and below the tombs from a distance.
SchatzDec 10, 2017
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Iran, Bisitun, Kermanshah Province37 viewsAt the entrance to the bas relief face of Mount Bisotun, some yards up, a sculpture of Herakles rests on a lion skin, cup in hand, club, bow and quiver behind him. It dates back to the year 148 BC.SchatzDec 06, 2017
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Iran, Bisitun (Behistun), Kermanshah Province34 viewsOn the road from Hamadan (ancient Ekbatana) to the city of Kermanshah halfway up Mount Bisitun a number of unique bas reliefs from about 520 BC catch the eye. The Achaemenid king Dareios I (522 - 486 BC) had the largest one chiseled into the face of the mountain to tell the world of his triumph over his rival Gaumata and nine other rebels. The sensational part of the relief are the extensive cuneiform inscriptions above, below, and to the sides of the figures. They are in Elamite, Babylonian, and Old Persian, the latter a language which was created on the king’s order since up to then there was no written Persian language. The creation is a mixture of Elamite, Babylonian, and Aramaic. It was not deciphered until the middle of the 18th cent. AD by a British officer, adventurer, and amateur archeologist Sir Henry Rawlinson.
SchatzDec 06, 2017
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Iran, Bisitun37 viewsCloser view of the main relief showing King Dareios I with his defeated rivals. Unfortunately there were no camera drones when this picture was taken.
SchatzDec 06, 2017
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Iran, Bisitun33 viewsAlong the path to the main attraction there are two badly preserved Parthian reliefs, most likely from the first cent. BC and the first cent. AD. They show king Mithradates II (ca. 123 - 90 BC) receiving a delegation of four dignitaries (to the left of the defacing 17. cent. AD Safavid plate). The inscription on top of the Mithradates’ relief is in Greek.
SchatzDec 06, 2017
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Iran, Bisitun35 viewsThe Parthian figures to the right of the Safavid plate are thought to represent king Gotarzes II (38 - 51 AD) on horseback after his victory over Meherdates, having his head adorned with a wreath or diadem by an angel. The head of another horseman’s head is visible on the left side.
SchatzDec 06, 2017
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Iran, Bisitun, Kermanshah Province31 viewsMithradates II depicted receiving dignitaries. The relief is partly erased by the 17th cent. Safavid addition.

Sorry, the Bisitun pics are in reverse order. The Herakles sculpture should be the first of the bunch.
SchatzDec 06, 2017
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Iran, Pasargadae (Fars province)56 viewsPart of one of Kyros’ two royal palaces, the audience hall.
Sections of massive columns and a relief showing a bull being led by a guard. The 2 square covered structures in the center may have been put up later as protection for exposed column bases.
1 commentsSchatzNov 29, 2017
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Iran, Pasargadae (Fars province), a UNESCO World Heritage Site35 viewsA massive wall of the fortified terrace at Pasargadae called Throne of Solomon’s Mother
On a plain surrounded by gently rolling hills, about 25 mi north of Persepolis, king Kyros II (the Great) founded the first capital of the multinational Achaemenid empire in the middle of the 6th cent. BC. What is left of it are the remains of 2 royal palaces, a large fortified terrace, and the mausoleum of Kyros II (at the time of my visit heavily scaffolded and therefore unphotographed). After Kyros’ death the capital was used for a while by his successor Kambyses.
SchatzNov 29, 2017
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Iran, The Anahita temple in Kangavar (Kermanshah)38 viewsor what is left of it. It dates back to Sasanian times (around 500 AD) and was dedicated to the goddess of water and fertility, Anahita, the only female in the Old Persian pantheon. Originally built on a square base, the temple must have been an impressive structure. As late as 1840, a traveler reported having seen 8 massive intact columns.
SchatzNov 28, 2017
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Iran, The Anahita temple in Kangavar (Kermanshahr)59 viewsI found a coin in this location, unfortunately not a Parthian or Sasanian drachm, but a rusty Byzantine bronze follis from the 11th cent. AD. The Silk Road was everywhere!
1 commentsSchatzNov 28, 2017
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Italy, Monza, Serpero Museum, Duomo di Monza.45 viewsIvory diptych of Stilicho, Roman General (magister militum), Patrician and Consul of the Western Roman Empire. The diptych depicts Stilicho, on the right and, on the left, his wife Serena standing with his son, Eucherius.

The Duomo di Monza is the main religious building of Monza. Although known in English as Monza Cathedral, the building is not in fact a cathedral, as Monza is part of the Diocese of Milan. The church is also known as the Basilica of San Giovanni Battista from its dedication to John the Baptist. In the right transept is the entrance to the Serpero Museum which houses the treasury.
*AlexAug 17, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.48 viewsStatue of a Hermes.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe SermariniAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.35 viewsStatue of a Hermes.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe SermariniAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.29 viewsStatue of Herakles.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe SermariniAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.33 viewsStatue of Athena.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe SermariniAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya. 32 viewsTyche
Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe SermariniAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.34 viewsStatue of Serapis.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe SermariniAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya. 29 viewsHeroic statue of Hadrian.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe SermariniAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.33 viewsHeroic statue of Hadrian.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe SermariniAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, The Temple of the Divine Augustus and Rome33 viewsThe Temple of the Divine Augustus and Rome in the centre of Ankara, which now stands besides a mosque. I was unable to get any closer due this being Ramazan, the area was cordoned off in preparation for iftar.

Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe SermariniAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, Column of Julian32 viewsThe Column of Julian in Ankara was erected in dedication to his visit sometime in 362 AD. It has a strange ribbed design. In fact it looks like a giant marble kebab to me.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, Theatre (1)29 viewsNot to far from the Anatolian Museum in Ankara, a theatre is currently being excavated. It certainly looks promising, although excavation is expected to continue for a long while. To excavate something like this in the middle of a metropolitan city is quite extraordinary!
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, Theatre (2)29 viewsAnother view of the Theatre.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, Roman Baths27 viewsPhotograph by Will Hooton*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, Roman Baths29 viewsPhotograph by Will Hooton*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.33 viewsHeroic statue of Hadrian.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, Tombstones.32 viewsSituated in the town's palestra, a short distance away from the Roman Baths, are a large selection of Roman tombstones some of which are very interesting.
Photographs by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.30 viewsSarcophagus featuring the 10 labours of Hercules.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.29 viewsDetails from a sarcophagus featuring the 10 labours of Hercules.
Photographs by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.26 viewsAn example of the wonderful collection of red figure pottery housed at the museum.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.31 viewsAn example of the wonderful collection of red figure pottery housed at the museum.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.29 viewsAn example of the wonderful collection of red figure pottery housed at the museum.
Photograph by Will Hooton.
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.29 viewsThe Three Graces, removed from Perge.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.30 viewsUnattributed statue of an emperor.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.31 viewsStatue of Mercury.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.29 viewsStatue, probably of Fortuna.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.29 viewsStatue of a private citizen.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.29 viewsStatue of Trajan in military dress.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.29 viewsTyche
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.31 viewsStatue of Artemis, removed from Perge.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.32 viewsStatue of Athena.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.34 viewsStatue of Hadrian in military dress.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.29 viewsStatue of Herakles.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.34 viewsStatue attributed to Julia Soaemias, mother of  Elagabalus.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.29 viewsA votive stele, 2nd-3rd cent. BC.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.34 viewsDetail of a mythical man-lion. Basalt relief from Carchemish, 9th cent. BC.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.30 viewsKing Sulumeli offering a libation to a god. Basalt, 10th - 9th cent. BC.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.33 viewsBust attributed to Livia.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.28 viewsThis helmet is called the Phyrigian type, not because it is Phrygian in origin, but because of it's resemblance to the Phrygian cap. This helmet appeared in the classical section rather than the Phrygian one.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.29 viewsThe Phrygians seemed to have possessed advanced metal working skills as is testified to by this bronze phiale, found at the Great Tumulus at Gordion.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.30 viewsA relief of Hittite troops and palace officials, dating to the second half of the 8th cent. BC.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.33 viewsSide view of the magnificent bronze tondo of Trajan Decius.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.39 viewsA magnificent bronze tondo of Trajan Decius. It was really tricky to photograph, the light above acts as a backlight and picking up facial details with out flash (and with a museum guard behind you to make sure you don't). And the reflective panes of glass don't help either.
Nevertheless, a wonderful piece. I am sorry I could not do any better.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.31 viewsBust attributed to a somewhat ill looking Marcus Aurelius.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.35 viewsA Phrygian toy in the form of a griffin eating a fish. Made of wood and dating to the 8th cent. BC, it was recovered in a Tumulus at the site of Gordion.
Photograph by Will Hooton.
*AlexAug 14, 2017
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Italy, Rome, Basilica of Santi Cosma e Damiano, Roman bronze doors39 viewsThe original bronze doors of the Temple of Divus Romulus still survive and are pictured above. They are set between two porphyry columns that support a reused marble architrave and open into a rotunda fifty Roman feet in diameter covered by a cupola which is accessible from the rear through the Basilica of Santi Cosma e Damiano. The temple was converted into a vestibule for the church early in the 6th century.*AlexFeb 12, 2017
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Morocco, Lixus61 viewsLixus is the site of an ancient Roman city located in Morocco just north of the modern seaport of Larache on the bank of the Loukkos River. The location was one of the main cities of the Roman province of Mauretania Tingitana .

Ancient Lixus is located on Tchemmich Hill on the right bank of the Loukkos River (other names: Oued Loukous; Locus River), just to the north of the modern seaport of Larache. The site lies within the urban perimeter of Larache, and about three kilometers inland from the mouth of the river and the Atlantic ocean. From its 80 meters above the plain the site dominates the marshes through which the river flows. To the north, Lixus is surrounded by hills which themselves are bordered to the north and east by a forest of cork oaks.

Among the ruins there are Roman baths, temples, 4th century walls, a mosaic floor, a Christian church and the intricate and confusing remains of the Capitol Hill.

Lixus was first settled by the Phoenicians in the 7th century BC and was later annexed by Carthage. Lixus was part of a chain of Phoenician/Carthaginian settlements along the Atlantic coast of modern Morocco; other major settlements further to the south are Chellah (called Sala Colonia by the Romans) and Mogador. When Carthage fell to Ancient Rome, Lixus, Chellah and Mogador became imperial outposts of the Roman province Mauretania Tingitana.

The ancient sources agree to make of Lixus a counter Phoenician, which is confirmed by the archaeological discovery of material dating from 8th century BC. It gradually grew in importance, later coming under Carthaginian domination. After the destruction of Carthage, Lixus fell to Roman control and was made an imperial colony, reaching its zenith during the reign of the emperor Claudius I (AD 41-54).

Some ancient Greek writers located at Lixus the mythological garden of the Hesperides, the keepers of the golden apples. The name of the city was often mentioned by writers from Hanno the Navigator to the Geographer of Ravenna, and confirmed by the legend on its coins and by an inscription. The ancients believed Lixus to be the site of the Garden of the Hesperides and of a sanctuary of Hercules, where Hercules gathered gold apples, more ancient than the one at Cadiz, Spain. However, there are no grounds for the claim that Lixus was founded at the end of the second millennium BC.

Lixus flourished during the Roman Empire, mainly when Claudius established a Roman Colonia with full rights for the citizens. Lixus was one of the few Roman cities in Berber Africa that enjoyed an amphitheater: the amphitheater at Lixus. In the third century Lixus become nearly fully Christian and there are even now the ruins of a paleochristian church overlooking the archeological area. The Arab invasions destroyed the Roman city. Some berber life was maintained there nevertheless until one century after the Islamic conquest of North Africa by the presence of a mosque and a house with patio with the covered walls of painted stuccos.

The site was excavated continuously from 1948 to 1969. In the 1960s, Lixus was restored and consolidated. In 1989, following an international conference which brought together many scientists, specialists, historians and archaeologists of the Mediterranean around the history and archaeology of Lixus, the site was partly enclosed. Work was undertaken to study the Roman mosaics of the site, which constitute a very rich unit. In addition to the vestiges interesting to discover the such mosaics whose one of sixty meters representing Poseidon. Lixus was on a surface of approximately 75 hectares (190 acres). The excavated zones constitute approximately 20% of the total surface of the site.

This site was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on July 1, 1995 in the Cultural category.
Joe SermariniDec 14, 2016
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Greece, The acropolis at Sounion and the Temple of Poseidon, from across the harbor.70 viewsTaken September 29, 2016cmcdon0923Oct 13, 2016
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Greece, Temple of Poseidon at Sounion67 viewscmcdon0923Oct 13, 2016
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Israel, Jerusalem Sep 201681 viewsSimonOct 10, 2016
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Israel, Jerusalem Sep 201676 viewsEast JerusalemSimonOct 10, 2016
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Greece, Corinth – the Bema57 viewsThe bema of Corinth is a prominent raised platform in the south-central part of the ancient agora. The bema is the traditional civic location where public orations (political or ceremonial) would have been given and where legal cases were brought for trial. In Acts 18:12 the βημα is given as the place where Paul the apostle is accused before Gallio, the proconsul of Achaea (Lucius Junius Gallio Annaeanus). Gallio, however, declines to become involved in what he regards as a purely Jewish dispute.

The hill in the background is, of course, the city’s acropolis, the Acrocorinth.
Abu GalyonSep 26, 2016
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Italy, Rome, Temple of Apollo Sosiano48 viewsBohemianSep 05, 2016
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Italy, Sicily, View of Solanto from the ruins of Soluntum (aka Solus, Solous, and Kefra)63 viewsView of Solanto from the ruins of Soluntum (aka Solus, Solous, and Kefra), Sicily

Solus (or Soluntum, near modern Solanto) was an ancient city on the north coast of Sicily, one of the three chief Phoenician settlements on the island, about 16 kilometers (10 miles) east of Panormus (modern Palermo). It lay 183 meters (600 ft) above sea level, on the southeast side of Monte Catalfano 373 meters (1,225 ft), in a naturally strong situation, and commanding a fine view. The date of its founding is unknown. Solus was one of the few colonies that the Phoenicians retained when they withdrew to the northwest corner of the island before the advance of the Greek colonies in Sicily. Together with Panormus and Motya, it allied with the Carthaginians. In 396 B.C. Dionysius took the city but it probably soon broke away again to Carthage and was usually part of their dominions on the island. In 307 B.C. it was given to the soldiers and mercenaries of Agathocles, who had made peace with the Carthage when abandoned by their leader in Africa. During the First Punic War it was still subject to Carthage, and it was not until after the fall of Panormus that Soluntum also opened its gates to the Romans. It continued to under Roman dominion as a municipal town, but apparently one of no great importance, as its name is only slightly and occasionally mentioned by Cicero. But it is still noticed both by Pliny and Ptolemy, as well as at a later period by the Itineraries. Its destruction probably dates from the time of the Saracens.

Excavations have brought to light considerable remains of the ancient town, belonging entirely to the Roman period, and a good deal still remains unexplored. The traces of two ancient roads, paved with large blocks of stone, which led up to the city, may still be followed, and the whole summit of Monte Catalfano is covered with fragments of ancient walls and foundations of buildings. Among these may be traced the remains of two temples, of which some capitals and portions of friezes, have been discovered. An archaic oriental Artemis sitting between a lion and a panther, found here, is in the museum at Palermo, with other antiquities from this site. An inscription, erected by the citizens in honor of Fulvia Plautilla, the wife of Caracalla, was found there in 1857. With the exception of the winding road by which the town was approached on the south, the streets, despite the unevenness of the ground, which in places is so steep that steps have to be introduced, are laid out regularly, running from east to west and from north to south, and intersecting at right angles. They are as a rule paved with slabs of stone. The houses were constructed of rough walling, which was afterwards plastered over; the natural rock is often used for the lower part of the walls. One of the largest of them, with a peristyle, was in 1911, though wrongly, called the gymnasium. Near the top of the town are some cisterns cut in the rock, and at the summit is a larger house than usual, with mosaic pavements and paintings on its walls. Several sepulchres also have been found.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soluntum

Photo by Allie Caulfield from Germany.
Joe SermariniJul 20, 2016
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Spain, Segobriga - Ampitheater48 viewsSegobriga is a former Roman city near Saelices, in the province of Cuenca in Spain. It is possibly one of the most important archaeological sites of the Spanish Meseta. The name Segóbriga derives from two words: "Sego" meaning victory and "briga" meaning city fortress. The translation would be "City of the Victory" or "Victorious City." The site includes an amphitheatre, theater, the city walls and gates, two thermal buildings or Roman baths, and the Forum. There is also a necropolis, and the circus (Roman race track) is being excavated - its outline can be seen from the top of the hill.

The Amphitheater, 75m long and of an irregular elliptic shape, is the biggest monument of Segóbriga and had capacity for 5,500

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Seg%C3%B3briga_Circo_04_JMM.jpg
Joe SermariniJun 22, 2016
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Spain, Segobriga - Theater39 viewsSegóbriga is a former Roman city near Saelices, in the province of Cuenca in Spain. It is possibly one of the most important archaeological sites of the Spanish Meseta. The name Segóbriga derives from two words: "Sego" meaning victory and "briga" meaning city fortress. The translation would be "City of the Victory" or "Victorious City." The site includes an amphitheatre, theater, the city walls and gates, two thermal buildings or Roman baths, and the Forum. There is also a necropolis, and the circus (Roman race track) is being excavated - its outline can be seen from the top of the hill.

Construction of the theater began under the emperor Tiberius and was completed during the Flavian dynasty, circa AD 79. The orchestra had three tiers of seats for VIP's and is preserved together with seats for spectators divided into sections according to their social classes. The upper cavea was built on the city wall on a vault over a street

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Theater_Segobriga.jpg
Photographer: Art Davis
25 September 2011
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
Joe SermariniJun 22, 2016
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Spain, Segobriga - Roman baths47 viewsSegóbriga is a former Roman city near Saelices, in the province of Cuenca in Spain. It is possibly one of the most important archaeological sites of the Spanish Meseta. The name Segóbriga derives from two words: "Sego" meaning victory and "briga" meaning city fortress. The translation would be "City of the Victory" or "Victorious City." The site includes an amphitheatre, theater, the city walls and gates, two thermal buildings or Roman baths, and the Forum. There is also a necropolis, and the circus (Roman race track) is being excavated - its outline can be seen from the top of the hill.

Roman Baths: The monumental baths were not only for hygienic reasons but also for social and business purposes.

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Seg%C3%B3briga_Termas_JMM.jpg
Joe SermariniJun 22, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica.64 viewsFragments of old painted wall. very little is left of this type of structures.
The largest floor mosaics are in the Archelogical Museum in Sevilla but many fine ones were at the orginal site in May, 2002.
jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica.43 viewsBust of Trajanus, copy at the ticket booth in Italica, original in Archelogical Museum, Sevilla.
Trajanus was born in this city. May, 2002.
jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica.43 viewsDetail of the floor of the house of Birds. Athene noctua - the typical Minerva owl. May, 2002.jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica.46 viewsDetail of the floor of house of Birds. Cannot figure out the species... May, 2002.jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica.40 viewsFloor map of the house of Birds. May, 2002.jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica.41 viewsSection of the floor of the house of Birds. May, 2002.jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica.40 viewsDetail of the floor of the house of Planetarium. May, 2002.jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica.65 viewsCrocodile and the playful youngster... Detail of the floor of the house of Neptunus. May, 2002.jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica.34 viewsDetail showing Neptunus himself. Floor of the house of Neptunus. May, 2002.jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica.32 viewsItalica is famous for its Mosaic floors. This is from the house of Neptunus. Who knows, perhaps Trajanus was born at this very Place? May, 2002.jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica.35 viewsCopies of statues found at the site have been placed around the ruins. May, 2002.jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica.32 viewsThe copy of the statue of Venus is placed close to the entrance. The original, now in the Archelogical Museum in Sevilla, was found in Italica.jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica.37 viewsTABULA GLADIATORIA made easier to read - if you know your Latin. May, 2002.jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica.33 viewsThe corridor gladiators used to enter the theatre. May, 2002.jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica.33 viewsPartially opened site. May, 2002.jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica.35 viewsMay, 2002. Large areas were still unstudied at the time.jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica, entrance to amphitheatre34 viewsMay, 2002.jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica, amphitheatre.32 viewsView from higher up. Originally it seated 25.000 people and was the 3rd largest in the Empire. May, 2002.jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica, amphitheatre.33 viewsView from the areana. jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica, Amphitheatre from outside33 viewsjmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Spain, Santiponce, Italica.43 viewsTABULA GLADIATORIA. The original one on the wall of the gladiator's tunnel to the theatre. May, 2002.jmuonaJun 02, 2016
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Turkey, Yakapinar (Mopsos) - Mosaics depicting Noah's Ark in the Misis Mosaic Museum124 viewsMosaics depicting Noah's Ark from ancient Mopsos in the Misis Mosaic Museum.1 commentsJoe SermariniMay 28, 2016
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Turkey, Misis, Roman bridge over the Pyramus38 viewsRoman bridge in Misis-Mopsuestia over the Pyramus. Constantius II built this magnificent bridge over the Pyramus (Malalas, Chronographia, XIII; P.G., XCVII, 488) afterwards it was restored by Justinian (Procopius, De Edificiis, V. 5) and it has been restored again recently. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mopsuestia Joe SermariniMay 28, 2016
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Germany, Berlin, The propylon of the Sanctuary of Athena Nikephoros from the Pergamon Acropolis, Pergamon Museum Berlin123 viewsThe monumental gateway, which stood at the northeast corner of the sanctuary, was built by Eumenes II in the early 2nd century BC. The two-storey building, had a porch of four Doric columns (tetrastyle) on the ground floor, above which was a dedicatory inscription by Eumenes to Athena Nikephoros. The upper storey was a balcony with four Ionic columns and fronted by a military frieze depicting armour and weapons. The Sanctuary of Athena Nikephoros, on the southwest corner of the walled citadel on the Acropolis, was one of Pergamon's oldest religious centres, used for the worship of Athena and Nike. The cult of Athena at Pergamon had associations with the city's mythical founder Telephos, the son of Herakles and Auge, who was a priestess of Athena. The Attalid rulers of Pergamon claimed to be descendants of Telephos, and thus of Herakles and Auge.Joe SermariniApr 13, 2016
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France, Paris, Arena of Lutetia70 viewsThe Roman Arena that was discovered by Théodore Vaquer during the building of Rue Monge, in the 5th arrondissement, between 1860–1869. It was first built in the 1st century AD. Victor Hugo created a preservation committee called "la Société des Amis des Arènes" to preserve it. However in the photo, taken by me in May 2014, can be seen the line of apartments on Rue Monge that cover the remaining third of the Arena.MasisApr 01, 2016
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France, Paris, Roman Baths60 viewsThe Roman Baths of Cluny, Paris. Dated to the 3rd century AD, thought to have been paid for by the guild of "Lutetian Boatmen". The complex is now incorporated into the National Museum of the Middle Ages. Photo taken by me in May 2014.MasisApr 01, 2016
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England, County of Kent, Dover: Roman Lighthouse97 viewsA visit to Dover on 20 March 2016, the Roman Lighthouse still stands within Dover Castle, which is still an important port of Britain by the English Channel. The upper 1/3 is a mix of Medieval (when it was used as a Bell Tower) and 19th century restoration (when the Church of Saint Mary, next to it, was also restored). The Lighthouse stands on the "eastern heights". There was another on the "western heights", they both guarded the entrance into the Roman harbour of Dubris (Dover) which was also an important base for the "Classis Britannica".MasisMar 26, 2016
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Morocco, Volubilis mosaic54 viewsBath of DianaFranz-Josef MJan 16, 2016
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Morocco, Volubilis mosaic47 viewsHylas and the nymphsFranz-Josef MJan 16, 2016
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Morocco, Volubilis mosaic51 views Hercules 12 labours and adventuresFranz-Josef MJan 16, 2016
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Morocco, Volubilis Caracalla arc left side50 viewsFranz-Josef MJan 16, 2016
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Morocco, Volubilis Caracalla arc right48 viewsFranz-Josef MJan 16, 2016
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Morocco, Volubilis Maroc53 viewsFranz-Josef MJan 16, 2016
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Morocco, Volubilis Maroc53 viewsFranz-Josef MJan 16, 2016
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Morocco, Volubilis Maroc animal mosaic47 viewsFranz-Josef MJan 16, 2016
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Morocco, Volubilis Capitol56 viewsTo the south of the basilica stands the capitol, a temple dedicated to the Roman Capitoline triad, Jupiter, Juno and Minerva. It is composed of a single cella reached by thirteen steps. Four other chapels complete the complex, of which one was dedicated to the goddess Venus. The temple was reconstructed in 218 C.E. by Macrinus, as is indicated by an inscription found in 1924. The temple’s porticos were restored in 1955. In 1962, restoration work started again; the stairs were restored (only three steps remained out of the original thirteen), and the walls of the cella as well as the architectural elements (column drums, bases and capitals) were restored. Franz-Josef MJan 16, 2016
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Morocco, Volubilis mosaic 44 viewsmosaic of the house of the acrobat, acrobat riding a donkeyFranz-Josef MJan 16, 2016
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Morocco, Volubilis Caracalla arc of triomph47 viewsDuring the reign of septimius severus and caracalla the city volubilis had 10000 inhabitants.Franz-Josef MJan 16, 2016
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Morocco, Volubilis Maroc47 viewsBasilicaFranz-Josef MJan 16, 2016
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Turkey, Elaioussa Sebaste, Islands off Cilicia, Theater67 viewsElaiussa, meaning olive, was founded in the 2nd century B.C. on a tiny island attached to the the southern coast of Anatolia (in modern-day Turkey) by a narrow isthmus in Mediterranean Sea. During the reign of Augustus, the Cappadocian king Archelaus founded a new city on the isthmus. Archelaus called it Sebaste, which is the Greek equivalent word of the Latin "Augusta." The city entered a golden age when Vespasian purged Cilicia of pirates in 74 A.D. Towards the end of the 3rd century A.D. however its importance began to wane, due in large part to incursions by the Sassanian King Shapur I in 260 and later by the Isaurians. When its neighbor Corycus began to flourish in the 6th century A.D., Elaiussa Sebaste slowly disappeared from history.

The theater, dating to the 2nd century A.D., is small with only 23 rows of seats, whose steps and decorations unfortunately succumbed to centuries of plunder. Next to the theater is the agora, built in all great probability during the imperial period. At the entrance of the agora, which is surrounded by a semi-destroyed defense wall once rose two monumental fountains in the shape of lions. Inside the agora stands a large church, its floor is covered by sand to protect the mosaic pavement. Elaiussa's only temple stands outside the city on a hill overlooking the sea; only two of the Corinthian columns of this temple, which had 12 on the long and 6 on the short side originally, are standing today. A large bath complex among the lemon groves between the temple and the agora was built with a Roman technique little used in Anatolia. The necropolis is the richest and most impressive of cities of ancient Cilicia. The "Avenue of Graves," located on a hill to the north of the city, preserves close to a hundred graves of various shapes and sizes scattered among the lemon trees. The ancient aqueducts that carried water to the ruins from the Lamos ("Lemon") river also adorn the city’s two entrances. The aqueduct to the west of the city in particular is in relatively good condition. Centuries ago the aqueduct actually ran all the way to Corycus.
Joe SermariniOct 23, 2015
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Turkey, Kursunlutepe - ancient Skepsis, Troas 70 viewsView of the village of Kurşuntepe from the highest point of the site of ancient Skepsis.

Skepsis or Scepsis, an ancient settlement in the Troad, is today the village of Kursunlutepe, near the town of Bayramic in Turkey. The famous library of Aristotle was kept at Skepsis before being moved to Pergamum and then Alexandria. It was also home to Metrodorus of Scepsis and Demetrius of Scepsis. Several times in its history, the citizens of Skepsis were forced to move elsewhere. In 306 B.C., Antigonus evacuated Skepsis and other cities in the area and forced the residents to move to Alexandria Troas. Tradition holds that Saint Cornelius the Centurion, the first Gentile convert to Christianity, became the first bishop of Skepsis in the early days of Christianity.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skepsis
Joe SermariniOct 22, 2015
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Syria, The Great Colonnade at Apamea117 viewsApamea, on the right bank of the Orontes River, was a treasure city and stud-depot of the Seleucid kings, and was the capital of Apamene. Its site is found about 55 km (34 mi) to the northwest of Hama, Syria, overlooking the Ghab valley.

Previously known as Pharmake, it was fortified and enlarged by Seleucus I Nicator in 300 B.C., who so named it after his Bactrian wife, Apama. The fortress was placed upon a hill; the windings of the Orontes, with the lake and marshes, gave it a peninsular form. Seleucus had his commissariat there, 500 elephants, with 30,000 mares, and 300 stallions. The pretender, Diodotus Tryphon, made Apamea the basis of his operations.

Josephus relates, that Pompey marching south from his winter quarters, probably at or near Antioch, razed the fortress of Apamea in 64 B.C. and the city was annexed to the Roman Republic. In the revolt of Syria under Q. Caecilius Bassus, it held out against Julius Caesar for three years till the arrival of Cassius, 46 B.C.
Located at a strategic crossroads for Eastern commerce, the city flourished to the extent that its population eventually numbered half a million. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. The city boasted one of the largest theaters in the Roman world, and a monumental colonnade.

On the outbreak of the Jewish War, the inhabitants of Apamea spared the Jews who lived in their midst, and would not suffer them to be murdered or led into captivity.
Destroyed by Chosroes I in the 6th century, it was partially rebuilt and known in Arabic as Famia, and destroyed by an earthquake in 1152. In the Crusades it was still a flourishing and important place and was occupied by Tancred.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apamea,_Syria

The ancient city has been damaged as a result of the ongoing civil war in Syria.
Joe SermariniOct 14, 2015
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Iran, Hamadan, the tomb of the biblical Esther and her cousin Mordechai62 viewsThe tomb in the photo, located in Hamadan, is believed by some to hold the remains of the biblical Esther and her cousin Mordechai.

Hamedan, Iran, is believed to be among the oldest cities in the world. Hamadan was established by the Medes and was the capital of the Median empire. It then became one of several capital cities of the Achaemenid Dynasty. Hamadan is mentioned in the biblical book of Ezra as the place where a scroll was found giving the Jews permission from King Darius to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem. (Ezra 6:2). Its ancient name of Ecbatana is used in the Ezra text. Because it was a mile above sea level, it was a good place to preserve leather documents.
Joe SermariniSep 23, 2015
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Israel, Legionary Camp of X Fretensis at Masada121 viewsRemnants of one of several legionary camps of X Fretensis at Masada in Israel, just outside the circumvallation wall which can be seen at the bottom of the image.

Masada Roman Ruins by David Shankbone.

Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons - https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Masada_Roman_Ruins_by_David_Shankbone.jpg#/media/File:Masada_Roman_Ruins_by_David_Shankbone.jpg
Joe SermariniAug 14, 2015
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Cyprus, Paphos - tomb76 viewsJohny SYSELJul 01, 2015
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Italy, Ravenna, Mausoleum of Galla Placidia62 viewsThe building was formerly the oratory of the Church of the Holy Cross and now contains three sarcophagi. The largest sarcophagus was thought to contain the remains of Galla Placidia (died 450). Other is attributed to her husband, Emperor Constantius III. The last sarcophagus is attributed to Galla's son, Emperor Valentinian III, or to her brother, Emperor Honorius.Johny SYSELJul 01, 2015
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Italy, Ravenna, Mausoleum of Galla Placidia137 viewsit is describbed as "the earliest and best preserved of all mosaic monuments, and at the same time one of the most artistically perfect"

The building was formerly the oratory of the Church of the Holy Cross and now contains three sarcophagi. The largest sarcophagus was thought to contain the remains of Galla Placidia (died 450). Other is attributed to her husband, Emperor Constantius III. The last sarcophagus is attributed to Galla's son, Emperor Valentinian III, or to her brother, Emperor Honorius.
1 commentsJohny SYSELJul 01, 2015
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Italy, Ravenna, Mausoleum of Galla Placidia136 viewsit is describbed as "the earliest and best preserved of all mosaic monuments, and at the same time one of the most artistically perfect"

The building was formerly the oratory of the Church of the Holy Cross and now contains three sarcophagi. The largest sarcophagus was thought to contain the remains of Galla Placidia (died 450). Other is attributed to her husband, Emperor Constantius III. The last sarcophagus is attributed to Galla's son, Emperor Valentinian III, or to her brother, Emperor Honorius.
1 commentsJohny SYSELJul 01, 2015
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Italy, Ravenna, Mausoleum of Galla Placidia64 viewsit is describbed as "the earliest and best preserved of all mosaic monuments, and at the same time one of the most artistically perfect"

The building was formerly the oratory of the Church of the Holy Cross and now contains three sarcophagi. The largest sarcophagus was thought to contain the remains of Galla Placidia (died 450). Other is attributed to her husband, Emperor Constantius III. The last sarcophagus is attributed to Galla's son, Emperor Valentinian III, or to her brother, Emperor Honorius.
Johny SYSELJul 01, 2015
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Turkey, Istanbul, Monastery of the Mother of God at the Spring51 views7-6-2015
The full name of this ancient complex is "Monastery of the Mother of God at the Spring" but it is often known as "Zoödochos Pege" (Life-giving spring).
The Turkish name of it and the area is "Balıklı" which translates as "place where there are fishes" due to the presence of fish in this spring.
The era of the first Church complex around this spring is given either from the time of Emperor Leo I (457-74 AD) or Justinian I (527-65 AD).
Earthquakes and enemy invasions saw numerous rebuilding of this complex through the centuries.
The last was after the Pogroms of the 1950's.
MasisJun 24, 2015
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Turkey, Istanbul, Princes Islands, Proti53 views10-6-2015
The Monastery of the Transfiguration, on the island of Kınalıada (Proti).
A place of exile and burial of many members of the Byzantine aristocracy, including Emperors.
The earliest of which is said to have been Leo V (813-20 AD) but the most famous was Romanus IV (1068-71 AD).
Note the Corinthian capital in the foreground.
Like many ethnic Greek Church complexes in Turkey, this is often closed.
MasisJun 24, 2015
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Turkey, Istanbul, Maiden's Tower49 views2-6-2015
The first recorded structure on this islet dates from 1110 AD when Emperor Alexius had a tower constructed on it.
This tower was linked to another tower on the European side (the Mangana district) by an iron chain.
This tower was connected to the nearby Asian coast by a causeway upon which was built a wall.

A number of additions and uses have happened to the tower since then, the last of which were steel supports after the devastating earthquake of 17 August 1999.
MasisJun 23, 2015
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Turkey, Istanbul, Boukoleon Palace46 views9-6-2015
This section was built in the reign of Emperor Theophilus (829-42 AD).
The brick walls would have been clad in Marble.
The three doorways led to a balcony.
The Sea reached up to the walls in those days.
After being ransacked by the "4th Crusade" in 1204 AD, it remained abandoned, even after Michael VIII retook the city in 1261 AD.
The Ottomans never took this section over.
In 1873 AD it was partially destroyed to make way for the railway line that began at Sirkeci Station.
MasisJun 23, 2015
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Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic Museum50 viewsOutside the Museum is an array of columns, capitals, entablature and even marble Lions.MasisJun 23, 2015
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Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic Museum53 views9-6-2015
The south-western section of the Great Palace (dated to the reign of Emperor Justinian, 527-65 AD) was excavated in the years 1935-38 and 1951-54 by the University of St. Andrews.
This section comprised a Peristyle courtyard, decorated in Mosaics.
The Austrian Academy of Sciences undertook preservation work on the Mosaics in the years 1983-97.
In the photo above, you can also see the pipes inside the walls that would have water and heating.
MasisJun 23, 2015
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Turkey, Istanbul, Column of Constantine50 views9-6-2015
Known locally as "Çemberlitaş" which translates as "hooped Stone" due to the Iron hoops added in 1779 AD after an earthquake and fire. The base was also reinforced at this date.
The column was inaugurated in 330 AD and originally had three more sections with a large Capital upon which was a gilded statue of Constantine in the guise of his favourite deity, Sol.
At the base of the column was said to have been a sanctuary with ancient relics stored.
A hurricane blew down the statue, Capital and upper three sections of column in 1106 AD.
In the reign of Manuel I (1143-1180 AD) a new Capital was installed with a dedicatory inscription around it which translates as "Faithful Manuel invigorated this holy work of art, which has been damaged by time."
A Cross was also placed on top of this, removed after the Ottoman conquest in 1453 AD. Bronze Wreaths are said to have covered the joints of the column, where the stone ones are today, said to have been looted by the Franks in 1204 AD.
MasisJun 23, 2015
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Greece, Amphipolis: The Lion of Amphipolis180 viewsThe first pieces of this rather grand monument were discovered near the banks of the River Strymon in 1912 by Greek soldiers during the Second Balkan War. Further finds were made in 1916 and in 1930-32 during the creation of Lake Kerkini. The Lion was restored (and partly reconstructed) in 1937.

The sculpted Lion itself is 5.3m tall, on its base it stands over 8m high. It is plausibly dated to the late 4th century BCE. Recent work on the Kasta Tomb, which is about 4km distant, has revealed further fragments also apparently belonging to the Lion and it may be the case that the Lion originally surmounted that tomb and was only later moved to its present location.

Nobody knows what or who the monument commemorates; perhaps ongoing work on the Kasta Tomb will illuminate matters. A quite similar, somewhat smaller, statue, the “The Lion of Chaeronea”, honours the Sacred Band of Thebes, which was wiped out at the battle of Chaeronea in 338 BCE. But while several ancient sources (including Pausanias and Strabo) mention the Chaeronea lion and the circumstances of its construction, there is no ancient record of the Amphipolis lion.
1 commentsAbu GalyonMar 20, 2015
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Italy, Rome, Temple of Vesta in the Forum Romanum.72 viewsTemple of Vesta in the Forum Romanum in Rome. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temple_of_Vesta. All temples to Vesta were round, and had entrances facing east to symbolize connection between Vesta’s fire and the sun as sources of life. The Temple of Vesta represents the site of ancient cult activity as far back as 7th century BCE. Numa Pompilius is believed to have built this temple along with the original Regia and House of the Vestal Virgins in its original form. Around the Temple stood The Sacred Grove, in which also there was a graveyard for the priests and virgins. It was one of the earliest structures located in the Roman Forum although its present reincarnation is the result of subsequent rebuilding. Instead of a cult statue in the cella there was a hearth which held the sacred flame. The temple was the storehouse for the legal wills and documents of Roman Senators and cult objects such as the Palladium. The Palladium was a statue of Athena (Roman Minerva) believed to have been brought by Aeneas from Troy; the statue was felt to be one of the Pignora Imperii, or pledges of imperium, of Ancient Rome. According to Dionysius of Halicarnassus, the Romans believed that the Sacred fire of Vesta was closely tied to the fortunes of the city and viewed its extinction as a portent of disaster. The sacred flame was put out in 394 by Theodosius I after he won the Battle of the Frigidus, defeating Eugenius and Arbogast. The Temple of Vesta remained reasonably intact until the Renaissance. However, in 1549 the building was completely demolished and its marble reused in churches and papal palaces. The section standing today was reconstructed in the 1930s during the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini.

By Wknight94, 26 April 2008. Source:
Joe SermariniFeb 19, 2015
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Turkey, Perge city overview114 viewsRoman rule of Perge began in 188 BC, and most of the surviving ruins today date from this period. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, Perge remained inhabited until Seljuk times, before being gradually abandoned.

Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Perge_city_overview.jpg
Joe SermariniJan 19, 2015
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Turkey, Priene, The Temple of Athena at Priene93 viewsThe Temple of Athena at Priene was started by Mausolus but completed by Alexander the Great, who hired the great Greek architect Pytheos to complete the design and construction. It is the largest temple in Priene. Pytheos situated the temple so that it had (and still has) a beautiful view over the valley and river below Alexander the Great invested heavily into rebuilding all of the Greek cities of the Ionic league following the defeat of the Persians. This classic Greek temple was done in the Ionic style and had no frieze around the top. Instead, a dentil design sat above the columns and architrave. The statue of Athena that was originally inside the temple was based on the famous statue by Phidias in the Parthenon of Athens.Joe SermariniDec 20, 2014
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Italy, National Museum Naples, Marble bust of Hannibal from Capua85 viewsA marble bust, reputedly of Hannibal, originally found at the ancient city-state of Capua in Italy (some historians are uncertain of the authenticity of the portrait). From Phaidon Verlag (Wien-Leipzig) - "Römische Geschichte", gekürzte Ausgabe (1932). Author died more than 70 years ago - public domain.Joe SermariniDec 14, 2014
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Italy, Rome, Column of Antoninus Pius, Cortile della Pigna, Vatican Museums35 viewsAbove are the four sides of the base of the Column of Antoninus Pius (Columna Antonini Pii) which was erected in the Campus Martius in memory of Antoninus Pius by Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus c.A.D.158 on the twentieth anniversary of his reign. Constructed of red granite, the column was 14.75 metres high and 1.90m in diameter, unlike the otherwise similar column of Trajan it had no decorating reliefs. The masons' inscription shows that it was quarried out in A.D.106 and architecturally it belonged to the Ustrinum which was 25m north of it on the same orientation. It was surmounted by a statue of Antoninus Pius. Previous to the 18th century the base was completely buried, but the lower part of the shaft projected about 6m above the ground. In 1703, when some buildings were demolished in the area of Montecitorio, the rest of the column and the base were discovered and excavated. The base still survives and is now housed in the Cortile della Pigna in the Vatican Museums.*AlexDec 13, 2014
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Israel, Scythopolis (Beit She'an)98 viewsScythopolis is the only one of the ten ‘Decapolis’ towns situated within the borders of modern Israel. The classical city was destroyed by an earthquake in 749 CE; its ruins are extensive and quite well-preserved. Prominent in the photo is the colonnaded Byzantine ‘Silvanus Street’ (the excavators named it after a local magistrate mentioned in an inscription as responsible for its renewal) which follows the route of the earlier Roman cardo maximus.

Sythopolis was built in the shadow of the earlier Canaanite city of Beit She’an, where (according to 1 Samuel 31) the Philistines, after their victory on Mount Gilboa, displayed the bodies of King Saul and his sons on the city walls. The vast mound of Tel Beit She’an is conspicuous in the background. Twenty settlement strata have been identified there, the earliest dating back to the Neolithic (5th millennium BCE). A section of the eastern Canaanite city walls has also been excavated and is visible in the photo.
Abu GalyonNov 10, 2014
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Italy, Rome, Colosseum, Flavian Amphitheatre91 viewsHere's yet another pic of the famous Roman landmark, only this time, I used the "Pano" feature on my iPhone, allowing the entire northern half to be viewed. Mark ZOct 16, 2014
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England, Roman Baths, Bath (2)148 viewsThis is a Photochrome print of the Roman Baths, Bath, England taken sometime between 1895 and 1905.
It shows the new Victorian embellishments added to the Baths since their discovery in the 1880's and which, for the most part, are the works that visitors to the site see today.
The familiar green hue of the pool seen by modern visitors is caused by algae, resulting from the water's exposure to the open air. In Roman times the pool was roofed over and its waters, while perhaps not crystal clear, would almost certainly not have been green.

Photochrome prints are coloured images produced from black-and-white photographic negatives via the direct photographic transfer of a negative onto lithographic printing plates.
*AlexOct 03, 2014
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England, Roman Baths, Bath (1)162 viewsThese celebrated Roman Baths were unknown until, in 1880, sewer workers uncovered the first glimpse of Roman structures under the Georgian Spa. This led to the discovery of the Roman Baths and their treasures.

The walls, columns and parapet that surround the Great Bath today were built in the Victorian period, and the "Roman" statues that gaze down upon the pool from the upper walkway are also Victorian.

This photograph was taken in the 19th century not long after the Baths were discovered and before the Victorian structures we see today were built.
*AlexSep 30, 2014
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Italy, Rome, Curia Iulia, Forum Romanum122 viewsCuria Julia (Latin: Curia Iulia, Italian: Curia Iulia) is the third named Curia, or Senate House, in the ancient city of Rome. It was built in 44 BC when Julius Caesar replaced Faustus Cornelius Sulla’s reconstructed Curia Cornelia, which itself had replaced the Curia Hostilia. Caesar did this in order to redesign both spaces within the Comitium and Forum Romanum. The alterations within the Comitium reduced the prominence of the senate and cleared the original space. The work, however, was interrupted by Caesar's assassination at the Theatre of Pompey where the Senate had been meeting temporarily while the work was completed. The project was eventually finished by Caesar’s successor Augustus in 29 BC. The Curia Julia is one of only a handful of Roman structures to survive to the modern day mostly intact, due to its conversion into the basilica of Sant'Adriano al Foro in the 7th century and several later restorations. However the roof, together with the upper elevations of the side walls and rear façade, are modern. These parts date from the remodeling of the deconsecrated church in the 1930s.Joe SermariniSep 12, 2014
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Italy, Rome, Flavian Palace - Domus Flavia (and Circo Massimo)138 viewsThe Flavian Palace, also known as Domus Flavia, is a part of the vast residential complex of the Roman Emperors on the Palatine Hill in Rome. It was completed in 92 AD in the reign of Titus Flavius Domitianus, more commonly known as the Emperor Domitian, and attributed to his master architect, Rabirius. Well known for its grandeur, the Flavian Palace was more commonly used for purposes of state, while the Domus Augustana, an enormous, lavishly ornamented palace south of the Flavian Palace, was the Emperor’s primary residence.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flavian_Palace

by Doug Coldwell
Joe SermariniSep 12, 2014
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Syria, The Roman theater of Gabalah (Jableh, Syria)105 viewsJableh (Arabic: جبلة‎ Ǧabla), also spelt Jebleh, Jabala, Jablah or Gabala, is a coastal city on the Mediterranean in Syria, 25 km north of Baniyas and 25 km south of Latakia, with c. 80,000 inhabitants (2008). In antiquity Jableh was an important Roman city, one of the main remains of this period is an amphitheater, capable of housing c. 7,000 spectators. Near the seashores even older remains were found dating to the Iron Age or Phoenician Era. Less than 1 kilometer of the city center lies the ancient site of Gibala, today known as Tell Tweini. This city was inhabited from the third millennium BCE until the Persian period. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JablehJoe SermariniAug 28, 2014
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England, Colchester, Balkerne Gate280 viewsBalkerne Gate, Colchester. The largest Roman arch in Britain. Colchester and its wall were rebuilt by the Romans after Queen Boudica led a rebellion in AD 60 and detroyed the town. Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CamulodunumJoe SermariniAug 13, 2014
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Turkey, Nymphaeum of Perge238 viewsThe monumental fountain or nymphaeum of Perga consists of a wide pool, and behind it a two-storeyed richly worked facade. From its inscription, it is apparent that the structure was dedicated to Artemis Pergaia, Septimius Severus, his wife Julia Domna, and their sons. An inscription belonging to the facade, various facade fragments, and marble statues of Septimius Severus and his wife, all found in excavations of the nymphaeum, are now in the Antalya Museum.1 commentsJoe SermariniJul 21, 2014
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Turkey, Kaunos - the Theatre118 viewsA nicely proportioned theatre of the Greek type, with 34 rows of seats (18 below the diazoma and 16 above). The two arched entrances are original. Abu GalyonJun 20, 2014
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Turkey, Kaunos: The Baetyl Sanctuary132 viewsThe flat terrace above the agora and harbour of Kaunos has a long history of sacred use. In late antiquity a three-nave Christian church was constructed here. Before that (from the first century BCE) the site was a temple and temenos dedicated to Zeus Soteros. Earlier still (perhaps fifth century BCE) is this unusual round structure, built at an angle to the axis of the later temple.

When first uncovered, the structure’s purpose seemed mysterious. But the mystery was partially solved when archaeologists sank a trench underneath the central flat circular slab and found a large, roughly conical baetyl, 3.5m in height resting on bedrock about 6.5m below the present surface. This sacred stone, associated with the eponymous founder of the city, appears as a design on several of the city’s coins.

Note that the inner ring wall is plastered on its interior surface, suggesting that quantities of water (or other liquids) were involved in whatever rituals were conducted here.
Abu GalyonJun 18, 2014
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Turkey, Hadrian's Gate in Antalya125 viewsHadrian's Gate in Antalya
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antalya
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
Ingo Mehling - 17 May 2012
Joe SermariniJun 07, 2014
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Croatia, Ruins of the amphitheater of Solin174 viewsRuins of the amphitheater of Salona, Dalmatia (Solin, Croatia). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solin,_CroatiaJoe SermariniJun 02, 2014
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Croatia, Salona (Solin) - Baths172 viewsSalona (Solin), Croatia - Baths. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solin,_CroatiaJoe SermariniJun 02, 2014
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Italy, Port facilities of Sybaris131 viewsExcavated remains of the port facilities of Sybaris. These are located on the Casa Bianca site in the easternmost section of the Sybaris archaeological park. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sybaris_port_facilities.jpgJoe SermariniJun 01, 2014
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Turkey, Cilicia, Olba, Temple of Zeus229 viewsPhoto by Klaus-Peter Simon 1995. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olba_(ancient_city)Joe SermariniApr 29, 2014
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Italy, Rome, The Column of Focas276 viewsThe Column of Phocas at Rome was erected before the Rostra and dedicated to the Emperor on 1 August 608. It was the last addition made to the Forum Romanum. The Corinthian column has a height of 13.6 m (44 ft). Both the column and the marble socle were recycled from earlier use. It still stands in its original location. An English translation of the inscription follows: To the best, most clement and pious ruler, our lord Phocas the perpetual emperor, crowned by God, the forever august triumphator, did Smaragdus, former praepositus sacri palatii and patricius and Exarch of Italy, devoted to His Clemency for the innumerable benefactions of His Piousness and for the peace acquired for Italy and its freedom preserved, this statue of His Majesty, blinking from the splendor of gold here on this tallest column for his eternal glory erect and dedicate, on the first day of the month of August, in the eleventh indiction in the fifth year after the consulate of His Piousness. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Column_of_Phocas. Image released to public domain.Joe SermariniApr 16, 2014
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Israel, The Dome of the Rock on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem170 viewsPhoto by Andrew Shiva.Joe SermariniApr 15, 2014
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Libya, The theatre of the Roman city of Sabratha171 viewsPhoto made by the author (duimdog) of the theatre of the Roman city of Sabratha in Libya. For more images of Sabratha See also my Sabratha photoset on Flickr.Source: http://flickr.com/photos/duimdog/127614169/in/set-72057594105577693/

This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license.
Joe SermariniApr 13, 2014
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Turkey, Istanbul, Rumeli Hisari128 viewsRumeli Hisari means ‘Rumelian Castle’: Rumelia (derived from ‘Rome’) being the Turkish word for the Balkan lands which once belonged to the Roman (Byzantine) Empire. The Rumeli Hisari was constructed in 1452 a few miles north of Constantinople on the European side of the Bosphorus by order of Sultan Mehmet II. Impressively, the whole fortress was built in less than four months. The Rumeli Hisari sits opposite an older, smaller Ottoman fort on the Asian side, the Anadolu Hisari (Anatolian Castle). Together the two forts effectively controlled traffic through the Bosphorus, cutting Constantinople off from the Black Sea and ensuring that an Ottoman army operating on the European side could be supplied from the granaries of central Anatolia. The building of Rumeli Hisari was preparation for the investment and conquest of Constantinople, which took place the following year.

The Rumeli Hisari/Anadolu Hisari forts are built at the point where the Bosphorus is most constricted (about 700m across). This is the same narrows where the Persian King Darius I over 2500 years ago built a ‘bridge of boats’ to transport his army across to attack Thrace (see Herodotus, Histories 4.87f). And these days a modern suspension bridge links Asia to Europe at the same spot, but sadly it rather spoils the view.
Abu GalyonApr 10, 2014
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Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople) The Land Wall138 viewsThe Land Wall of Theodosius stretches for 6.5 km from the Golden Horn to the Sea of Marmara. The first phase (a single wall with towers) was complete by 413; after a major earthquake in 447 the Wall was rebuilt and strengthened (a second outer screen and a moat were added), just in time to discourage Attila the Hun from attacking the city. The fortifications included 96 guard towers, each 18-20 m in height and spaced roughly 55 m apart. The Land Wall remained a formidable defensive barrier until the advent of artillery in the 15th century. Even in ruins, and with vegetables growing in the moat, it's still an impressive sight today. Abu GalyonApr 01, 2014
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Turkey, Colossae136 viewsAnother Anatolian tel awaiting excavation (or perhaps looters if the archaeologists delay too long): this is the site of ancient Colossae in the Lycus valley. Modern Christian pilgrims touring the ‘Seven Churches of Asia’ visit nearby Laodicea but generally ignore this place, which is slightly odd because Saint Paul did address one of his letters to the congregation resident here. Of course, there’s little to see apart from the usual surface scatter of shards. Abu GalyonMar 31, 2014
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Syria, Bostra, Roman Theatre55 viewsOriginally a Nabataean city, in A.D.106 Bostra was conquered by the emperor Trajan who renamed it Nova Trajana Bostra and made it the capital of the Roman province of Arabia Petraea. Since it was at the juncture of several trade routes connecting Damascus to the Red Sea the city flourished and Bostra eventually achieved the title metropolis under the emperor Philip I, who was a native of the city.
Today Bostra is a major archaeological site and has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Its main feature is it's Roman theatre which is reputed to be the best preserved Roman theatre in the world.
*AlexFeb 15, 2014
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Turkey, Ruins of the main street in Perga, capital of Pamphylia, Asia Minor.151 viewshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pamphylia. 23 February 2006. Joe SermariniFeb 07, 2014
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Bulgaria, Varna - Odessos, Thrace Roman Baths312 viewsOdessus, Thrace, first included into the Roman Praefectura orae maritimae and then in 15 CE annexed to the province of Moesia (later Moesia Inferior), covered 47 hectares in present-day central Varna and had prominent public baths, Thermae, erected in the late 2nd century AD, now the largest Roman remains in Bulgaria (the building was 100 m (328.08 ft) wide, 70 m (229.66 ft) long, and 25 m (82.02 ft) high) and fourth-largest known Roman baths in Europe. Joe SermariniJan 28, 2014
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Italy, Sicily, Agrigento, Temple of Concordia217 viewsDue to its good state of preservation, the Temple of Concordia is ranked amongst the most notable edifices of the Greek civilization existing today. It has a peristatis of 6 x 13 columns built over a basement of 39.44 x 16.91 m; each Doric column has twenty grooves and a slight entasis, and is surmounted by an architrave with triglyphs and metopes; also perfectly preserved are the tympani. The cella, preceded by a pronaos, is accessed by a single step; also existing are the pylons with the stairs which allowed to reach the roof and, over the cella's walls and in the blocks of the peristasis entablature, the holes for the wooden beam of the ceiling. The exterior and the interior of the temple were covered by polychrome stucco. The upper frame had gutters with lion-like protomes, while the roof was covered by marble tiles.

When the temple was turned into a church the entrance was moved to the rear, and the rear wall of the cella was destroyed. The spaces between the columns were closed, while 12 arched openings were created in the cella, in order to obtain a structure with one nave and two aisles. The pagan altar was destroyed and sacristies were carved out in the eastern corners. The sepultures visible inside and outside the temple date to the High Middle Age.
2 commentsJoe SermariniJan 24, 2014
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Italy, Sicily, Agrigento, Valley of the Temples116 viewsThe Valle dei Templi (English: Valley of the Temples, Sicilian: Vaddi di li Tempri) is an archaeological site in Agrigento (ancient Greek Akragas), Sicily, southern Italy. It is one of the most outstanding examples of Greater Greece art and architecture, and is one of the main attractions of Sicily as well as a national monument of Italy. The area was included in the UNESCO Heritage Site list in 1997. Much of the excavation and restoration of the temples was due to the efforts of archaeologist Domenico Antonio Lo Faso Pietrasanta (1783–1863), who was the Duke of Serradifalco from 1809 through 1812.

The term "valley" is a misnomer, the site being located on a ridge outside the town of Agrigento.
Joe SermariniJan 24, 2014
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Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - Temple of Juno Lacinia129 viewsThis temple was constructed on a mostly artificial spur. It dates to c. 450 BC, measuring 38.15 x 16.90 m: it is in Doric style, peripteros 6 columns wide by 13 long, preceded by a pronaos and opisthodomos. The basement has four steps.

Current remains (including anastylosis from the 18th Century onwards) consist of the front colonnade with parts of the architrave and of the frieze. Only fragments of the other three sides survive, with few elements of the cella. The building was damaged in the fire of 406 BC and restored in Roman times, with the substitution of clay marble roof tiles with ones and the addition of a steep rise in the area where today can be seen the remains of the altar.

Nearby are arcosolia and other sepultures from Byzantine times, belonging to the late 6th century AD renovation of the Temple of Concordia into a Christian church.
Joe SermariniJan 24, 2014
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Bulgaria, Anchialos (Pomorie) Thracian Tomb305 viewsPomorie's ancient Thracian tombJoe SermariniJan 19, 2014
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Turkey, Erythrai amphitheatre122 viewsErythrai amphitheatre ruins in Turkey, 2009.Joe SermariniDec 20, 2013
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Italy, Palestrina, Ruins of the Sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia146 viewshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PalestrinaJoe SermariniDec 18, 2013
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Greece, Didyma, The ruins of the Temple of Apollo at Didyma259 viewshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Didyma2 commentsJoe SermariniDec 16, 2013
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Italy, Piombino, Museo Archeologico del Territorio di Populonia137 viewsGold found in graves of the ancient etruscan PopuloniaFranz-Josef MDec 07, 2013
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Italy, Piombino, Museo Archeologico del Territorio di Populonia168 viewsPart of a coin deposit found in the sea near the beach of Populonia, totally weight 17 kg, now in the museum of Piombino in an aquarium. The hoard consists of Antoninians of the third century.Franz-Josef MDec 07, 2013
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Italy, Piombino, Museo Archeologico del Territorio di Populonia136 viewsAmphora of barrati, a amphora totally of silver found in the sea near PiombinoFranz-Josef MDec 07, 2013
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Italy, Populonia134 viewsEtruscan graveFranz-Josef MDec 07, 2013
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Italy, Populonia131 viewsEtruscan graveFranz-Josef MDec 07, 2013
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Greece, Rhodes Lindos150 viewsRestored Stoa on the acropolis of LindosFranz-Josef MDec 07, 2013
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Greece, Rhodes Acropolis of Lindos165 viewsIn the background you can see the steep steps of medieval time.Franz-Josef MDec 07, 2013
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Greece, Rhodes grave of Kleobulos 133 viewsThe grave was used as a chapel in the medievalFranz-Josef MDec 07, 2013
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Greece, Rhodes grave of Kleobulos152 viewsHellenistic grave - it was named after one of the seven wise man, Kleobulos who lived in Lindos.Franz-Josef MDec 07, 2013
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Greece, Rhodes Lindos 142 viewsLindos Acropolis and villageFranz-Josef MDec 07, 2013
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Greece, Rhodes plan of Lindos159 views1 semicircular exedra
2 relief of a ship
3 medieval stairway
4 medieval headquarter building
5 Byzantine church
6 hellenistic vaults
7 roman temple
8 late hellenistic stairway
9 hellenistic stoa
10 propylaion stairway
11 propylaion
12 temple of athena lindos
13 portico of Psithyros
Franz-Josef MDec 07, 2013
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Greece, Rhodes Lindos inscription 141 viewsFranz-Josef MDec 07, 2013
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Greece, Rhodes145 viewsship carved in the rock on the acropolis of LindosFranz-Josef MDec 07, 2013
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Greece, Rhodes164 viewsView on the acropolis of LindosFranz-Josef MDec 07, 2013
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Greece, Rhodes163 viewssteps to the Acropolis of Lindos on RhodesFranz-Josef MDec 07, 2013
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Greece, Athens, The Pnyx - outer stone retaining wall.242 viewsThe home of democracy, the Pnyx was rebuilt and expanded in the 3rd quarter of the 4th century B.C., probably around 345-335 B.C. A massive, curved, retaining wall was built, as seen in this image. The steps of the old walkway from the Agora are visible and overbuilt by the retaining wall. Great Athenians such as Themistocles, Pericles and Socrates wolud have walked ths path and steps in the heady days of the zenith Athenian democracy. 1 commentsLloydSep 17, 2013
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Greece, Athens, The Approach to the Pynx from the Agora246 viewsThe home of democracy, the Pnyx was rebuilt and expanded in the 3rd quarter of the 4th century B.C., probably around 345-335 B.C. A massive, curved, retaining wall was built, as seen in this image. The steps of the old walkway from the Agora are visible and overbuilt by the retaining wall. Great Athenians such as Themistocles, Pericles and Socrates would have walked this path and steps in the heady days of the zenith Athenian democracy. 1 commentsLloydSep 17, 2013
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Greece, Athens, The Acropolis from the Pnyx.209 viewsThe Pnyx, the home of democracy is the sloping area in the foreground, while the Acropolis dominates the background. Here assembled the Athenian citizen body to hear the great Athenian masters of rhetoric and to cast their votes on the most momentous decisions in the history of ancient Athens. The speaker's platform cut from the rear bedrock face of the Pnyx is to be seen in the centre right. As seen here the remains of the Pynx date from its third and final phase of development in the mid-fourth century BC when it was greatly expanded to accommodate the growing citizen body.LloydSep 17, 2013
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Israel, Masada - The room in which lots were drawn197 viewsIn this space during archaeological excavations were found eleven ostroca bearing names in Aramaic script. One of eleven inscribed potsherds (ostraca) containing single names, bears in Aramaic script the name ben Ya’ir, undoubtedly Eleazar ben Ya’ir, leader of Masada’s defenders. The historian Josephus relates that when defense against the Romans seemed hopeless, the men at Masada cast lots to decide the order in which they and their families would commit suicide.

Based on the archaeological evidence it is likely that this was the space in which the lots were drawn and the fateful determinations made.
1 commentsLloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, Masada144 viewsAtop Masada, the Dead Sea and the shores of Jordan in the distant haze.LloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, Masada - Remains of a Roman Seige Encampment202 viewsLloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, Masada - Walls facing the Roman Seige Ramp122 viewsLloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, Masada - Walls and Roman Seige Ramp in side view147 viewsLloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, Masada - Roman Encampment and Seige Ramp163 viewsLooking down on the stone wall outlines of one of the Roman encampments (middle upper right) that surrounded the fortress of Masada (another of Herod's Palaces in its glory days). The Roman seige ramp is to the lower left.LloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, Masada - Looking Down the Roman Seige Ramp146 viewsIndustrious bunch those Romans!LloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, Masada - pile of ancient catapult projectiles - Ouch!210 views1 commentsLloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, Caesarea Maritima 238 viewsThe view north from Herod's Palace, looking over the hippodrome to the ancient port area beyond the distant headland.1 commentsLloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, Caesarea Maritima - the less desirable view south from Herod's Palace227 viewsDog's in the palace pool and now this. How the mighty have fallen!LloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, Caesarea Maritima - the sweet view from Herod's Palace169 viewsLloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, Caesarea Maritima - Herod's Palace Poolside170 viewsLloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, Caesarea Maritima - Herod's Pool192 viewsLloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, Caesarea Maritima - Herod's Hippodrome230 viewsLloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, Caesearea Maritima Hippodrome - Tsunami Deposit185 viewsThe light coloured, upward fining, middle layer is a tsumai deposit preserved in the this overburden remnant in the excavated hippodrome at Caesarea Maritima.LloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, The Herodium - Water Cistern136 viewsLloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, The Herodium Pool Complex139 viewsLloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, The Herodium - Summit Interior View138 viewsLloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, The Herodium Theatre154 viewsThe Herodium theatre immediately downslope of Herod's tomb. Sadly it was from this point that Ehud Netzer, the discoverer of Herod's tomb fell to his death in 2010, three years after his epic discovery.LloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, The Herodium146 viewsThe Herodium, 12 km south of Jerusalem, the site of one of Herod's residences and the location of his tomb. The buildings mid-slope to the left of centre are the site of the excavation of Herod's tomb.LloydJul 28, 2013
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Israel, Megiddo / Jezreel Valley138 viewsA view of the Jezreel Valley in the distance looking out from atop Tel Megiddo. The Jezreel Valley will be the site of the final battle between the armies of God and Satan as prophesied in the Book of Revelation. This photo was taken in June 2012 during a two week trip my wife and I took to Israel and Jordan.
cmcdon0923Jul 26, 2013
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Israel, Scythopolis ampitheatre145 viewsA picture of the ampitheatre in Scythopolis, taken from the top of the even more ancient Beit She'an mound. Running in the foreground is the cardo. This was taken in June 2012 during a two week trip my wife and I took to Israel and Jordan.cmcdon0923Jul 21, 2013
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Egypt, Babylon297 viewsThis elegant red and white banded brickwork is about all that remains on the surface to mark the Roman fortress of ‘Babylon in Egypt’. The Roman structure was started during the reign of Trajan on the site of an earlier Egyptian stronghold which marked the border between Lower and Middle Egypt. The fortress remained an important strategic outpost down through Byzantine times. In the fifth century the Legio XIII Gemina was stationed here. During the Arab conquest of Egypt in 640/1, Babylon endured a seven month siege before its capture.

These days most of the extensive Babylon complex lies buried under the streets of the Christian quarter of Old Cairo. The nearby medieval Coptic Orthodox Church of the Virgin Mary is popularly known as the ‘Hanging Church’ because its nave was built suspended over two towers of the Roman fort.
1 commentsAbu GalyonOct 04, 2012
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Egypt, Cairo - Nilometer302 viewsThis octagonal pillar is the only surviving Nilometer in Cairo, tucked away in a kiosk on the island of Roda, in the middle of the Nile. When in use, the height of water in the pit measured the annual flooding of the river. In an ideal year the water would rise to the 16th of the marked divisions (each one cubit, approximately 52cm) decorating the column.

The Nilometer is an attribute of the titular river god, Nilus (equivalent to the Egyptian deity, Hapy), and often features on coin reverses depicting Nilus.

The surrounding structure is itself of architectural significance and dates to 861 CE. Which means those pointed arches set into the walls predate the European Gothic style by around 250 years – they could be the earliest pointed arches anywhere in the world.
1 commentsAbu GalyonSep 24, 2012
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France, Orange - Triumphal Arch255 viewsIt was built on the former via Agrippa to honor the veterans of the Gallic Wars and Legio II Augusta. It was later reconstructed by emperor Tiberius to celebrate the victories of Germanicus over the German tribes in Rhineland.paxSep 17, 2012
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Spain, Segovia - Aqueduct259 views2 commentsViriathusSep 01, 2012
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Spain, Talaiot de Torellonet Vell160 viewsPlace: Torellonet Vell, Menorca
Country: Spain

The talaiot is the most significant structure of the prehistorical culture of Minorca and Majorca. Its characteristics are very varied but always bears a similarity with a tower. Although some talaiots have been found with an interior room, generally, the area that is used more frequently would be at the top, which is now mostly in ruins.

Nonetheless, the large talaiot depicted in this photo, Torelló 1, still has a well preserved door-window open to the south. It seems that the construction had diverse buildings embedded around it.

Although the excavation of the superior camera gave Roman chandeliers and ceramics, the remains of a factory of brass foundry was found west of the talaiot (where several molds, a faulty axe and Talaiotic ceramic were located) which seem to date the construction of the monument before the beginning of the 1st millennium BC.

ViriathusSep 01, 2012
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Spain, Torre d'en Galmés, Menorca169 viewsPlace: Torre d'en Galmés, Menorca
Country: Spain

Torre d'en Galmés is situated on a small hill that dominates most of the southern part of the island Minorca. On clear days it is possible to see the mountains of neighbouring Majorca. In prehistoric times it would have been possible to observe a large numbers of talaiotic towns from this position which leads to think that Torre d'en Galmés exercised a position of authority.

The Cartailhac Circle, named in honour of the eminent French archaeologist Émile Cartailhac, author of "Primitive Monuments on the Balearic Islands (1892)", was inhabitated between 250-50 BC. Its external wall is made with flagstones placed vertically on a baseboard.
In the interior, we see the remains of a central patio, with numerous fallen architectural elements (mullions, lintels, pilasters...), and three rooms around it.
To each side of the entrance there is a small covered space, with the roof below the superior level of the stones of the external facade, which seems to indicate that, at least above these spaces, there was a floor.
ViriathusSep 01, 2012
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Spain, Torre d'en Galmés, Menorca - The Cartailhac Circle121 viewsPlace: Torre d'en Galmés, Menorca
Country: Spain

Torre d'en Galmés is situated on a small hill that dominates most of the southern part of the island Minorca. On clear days it is possible to see the mountains of neighbouring Majorca. In prehistoric times it would have been possible to observe a large numbers of talaiotic towns from this position which leads to think that Torre d'en Galmés exercised a position of authority.

The Cartailhac Circle, named in honour of the eminent French archaeologist Émile Cartailhac, author of "Primitive Monuments on the Balearic Islands (1892)", was inhabitated between 250-50 BC. Its external wall is made with flagstones placed vertically on a baseboard.

In the interior, we see the remains of a central patio, with numerous fallen architectural elements (mullions, lintels, pilasters...), and three rooms around it.

To each side of the entrance there is a small covered space, with the roof below the superior level of the stones of the external facade, which seems to indicate that, at least above these spaces, there was a floor.
ViriathusSep 01, 2012
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Spain, Torralba d'en Salord135 viewsPlace: Torralba d'en Salord, Menorca
Country: Spain

Torralba d'en Salord is a prehistoric talaiotic settlement located on the island of Minorca between the towns of Mahon and Alayor. Chronologically, it lies between 1000 BC and the Roman conquest. Although it lasted until the Middle Ages.

The large T-shaped monument that is depicted in the photo is called a Taula, and it's probably a sanctuary. A U-shaped wall encloses the Taulas; these precincts are 3000 years old, but the age of its central monuments is unknown. This Taula measures 5 meters tall and it's the largest of its kind.
ViriathusSep 01, 2012
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Spain, Naveta des Tudons135 viewsPlace: Naveta des Tudons, Menorca
Country: Spain

The Naveta des Tudons is the most famous megalithic chamber tomb in Minorca. It was used between 1200 y 750 BC. It is a collective tomb which contained, when it was discovered in 1975 at least 100 men and different objects like bronze bracelets or bone and ceramic buttons.

The legend says that two brothers were competing for the love of a girl. To decide who would be the chosen one, they started a construction, and the first one to finish it would marry the girl. One of them decided to build the naveta and the other one a well. The time run and when the last stone was going to be placed on the naveta, the other brother shouted: "Water, water!!". Then, the brother who was building the naveta, very angry, threw the last stone (the one that is missing on the top) into the well, killing his brother. Then, feeling remorse for what he had done, he killed himself. It is said that the girl died alone and was buried in the naveta.
ViriathusSep 01, 2012
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Czech Republic, Morava 257 viewshypocaustum at roman military camp - times of Marcomannic WarsBohemianMay 10, 2012
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Slovakia, Gerulata 177 viewsRoman military camp located near today's Rusovce, a borough of Bratislava, Slovakia. It was part of the Roman province Pannonia and built in the 2nd century as a part of the Limes Romanus system. It was abandoned in the 4th century, when Roman legions withdrew from Pannonia.

Today there is a museum, which is part of the Bratislava City Museum.

The most preserved object is a quadrilateral building 30 metres long and 30 metres wide, with 2.4 metre thick walls.
BohemianMay 10, 2012
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Italy, Ostia - antica Thermae 160 viewsBohemianMay 10, 2012
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Greece, Thera - Akrotiri 162 viewsMinoan settelment was destroyed by the great Thera eruption around 1628 BC which caused the end of Neopalatial period on Crete. People managed to evacuate Thera before eruption unlike Pompeii but probably they were killed by tsunami on Crete coast.

wikipedia:"Minoans possessed advanced engineering knowledge enabling the construction of three- and four-story buildings with intricate water piping systems, advanced air-flow management, and earthquake-resistant wood and masonry walls."
Johny SYSELMar 20, 2012
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Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace, basement302 viewsRomans who escaped from near Salona in 7th century reocupied Diocletian's palace. They lived in higher floors above basement. These rooms was gradually filled by garbage through holes in ceiling so basment remained preserved until these days. Johny SYSELMar 20, 2012
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Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace, basement343 viewsRomans who escaped from near Salona in 7th century reocupied Diocletian's palace. They lived in higher floors above basement. These rooms was gradually filled by garbage through holes in ceiling so basment remained preserved until these days. Johny SYSELMar 20, 2012
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Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace, temple of Jupiter281 viewsinterior with modern statue
Temple was converted to babtistery later.
Johny SYSELMar 20, 2012
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Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace - temple of Jupiter294 viewslater converted to babtisteryJohny SYSELMar 20, 2012
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Greece, Thera - Akrotiri 282 viewsMinoan settelment destroyed by the great Thera eruption around 1628 BC which caused the end of Neopalatial period on Crete. Thera could be mythical Atlantis.2 commentsJohny SYSELMar 19, 2012
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Italy, Aquileia - mosaic floor193 viewsPost-Theodorian North hall (middle of the 4th century)Johny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Aquileia - mosaic floor190 viewsRam and battle between Cock and Tortoise. The Cock is symbol of the light of a new day, thus representing Christ, the "light of the world". The tortoise, whose Greek name means "dweller of the darkness", is instead of the symbol of Evil.
Post-Theodorian North hall (middle of the 4th century)
Johny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Aquileia - basilica188 viewsBasilica is dedicated to the Virgin Mary and the Saints Hermagora and Fortunatus and was built in the first half of the 11th century by Patriarch Poppo in Romanesque style. Upper parts and roof were built by Markward von Randeck in 14th-15th century in Gothic style.
Mosaics from 4th century were hidden under the floor until 1909.
Johny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Aquileia - mosaic floor195 viewsFishing scene describes the preaching of the Apostles ("Follow me and I will make you fishers of men":Matthew 4,19). The fishes represent the people listening to the good news, the boat is symbol of the church, the net represents the kingdom of heaven ("The kingdom of heaven is like big net that was cast into the sea...": Matthew 13,47).
Post-Theodorian South hall (end of 4th century)
Mosaics were originally part of Theodorian complex destroyed by Attila. Basilica was built on its site in 1031 and mosaics remained untouched under the floor.
Johny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Aquileia - mosaic floor199 viewsscene of the Good Shepherd with the Mystic Flock
Christ is portrayed as a beardless young man bearing the lost lamb upon his shoulders. In one hand he holds the syrinx, symbol of the gentless he takes cere of his flock with.
Post-Theodorian South hall (end of 4th century)
Mosaics were originally part of Theodorian complex destroyed by Attila. Basilica was built on its site in 1031 and mosaics remained untouched under the floor.
Johny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Aquileia - mosaic floor203 viewsPost-Theodorian South hall (end of 4th century)
Mosaics were originally part of Theodorian complex destroyed by Attila. Basilica was built on its site in 1031 and mosaics remained untouched under the floor.
Johny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Aquileia - mosaic floor198 viewsJonas swallowed by sea monster
Post-Theodorian South hall (end of 4th century)
Mosaics were originally part of Theodorian complex destroyed by Attila. Basilica was built on its site in 1031 and mosaics remained untouched under the floor.
Johny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Aquileia - forum197 viewsJohny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Aquileia - Roman house238 viewsJohny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Ferentium - Roman theatre155 viewsJohny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Ferentium - Roman theatre183 viewsJohny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Orvieto - Etruscan temple200 views1 commentsJohny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Vulci - cryptoportico145 viewshall in the basement of magnificent aristocrat's residence from the late 2nd century BCJohny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Vulci - Great Temple1196 viewsEtruscan temple was at this site since 6th century BC, rebuilt by Romans.Johny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Vulci - brick edifice170 viewsremains of Roman thermal complexJohny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Cerveteri - Etruscan necropolis189 viewsJohny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Cerveteri - Etruscan necropolis163 viewsJohny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Cerveteri - Etruscan necropolis160 viewsTomba dei Rilievi
4th century BC
Johny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Cerveteri - Etruscan necropolis181 viewsTomba dei Rilievi
4th century BC
Johny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Volterra - Roman theatre 153 viewsfirst century BCJohny SYSELFeb 18, 2012
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Italy, Thurium, Planning assumptions of Thurium (Lucania)253 viewsPlanning assumptions of Thurium, by Archaeological Museum of Sibaritide (Sibari, Cs, Italy).1 commentsTarasFeb 10, 2012
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Italy, Cosenza, Sibari (Thurium), Street204 viewsLucania, Thourioi.
Today Sibari (Cosenza), Italy
TarasFeb 10, 2012
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Italy, Sybaris, Planning assumptions of Sybaris (Lucania)180 viewsPlanning assumptions of Sybaris by Archaeological Museum of Sibaritide (Sibari, Cs, Italy)TarasFeb 10, 2012
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Greece, Delos water cistern248 viewsWater supply was a problem on the dry island of Delos. The solution was found in a mix of cisterns and wells. Cisterns retained the water from the sparse winter rains, while small wells are to be found frequently in residences.Lloyd TDec 22, 2011
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Greece, Delos - household well238 viewsWater supply was a problem on the dry island of Delos. The solution was found in a mix of cisterns and wells. Cisterns retained the water from the sparse winter rains, while small wells are to be found frequently in residences as illustrated by this example.Lloyd TDec 22, 2011
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Greece, Delos - an altar224 viewsLloyd TDec 22, 2011
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Greece, Delos - Temple of Issis249 viewsThe Cycladic island of Delos was revered in antiquity as the birthplace of Apollo and Artemis. During the early Classical era it was a sacred religious precinct dedicated to the worship of these gods. In the late fifth century BC, at the peak of its role as a religious sanctuary, neither birth nor death was permitted to occur on the island. However, commercial imperatives were soon to over ride this religious taboo. Delos occupied a central position with respect to the trade routes of the Mediterranean, so that by the late 3rd century BC commercial activity overtook its role as a religious sanctuary. The sacred character of the island dissipated, displaced by a cosmopolitan trading centre. By the 2nd century BC it had evolved to become the centre of the Mediterranean slave trade. Strabo recorded that up to 10,000 people per day were trafficked through its slave market. This role continued into the early Roman era, until in 88 BC Mithradates VI, King of Pontus, decimated the population in an attack on the island. In 69 BC the pirates of Athenodoros destroyed what remained of the commercial centre of Delos and it fell into decline, to be effectively abandoned by the 6th century AD.Lloyd TDec 21, 2011
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Greece, Delos - On the Ascent to the Summit of Mt Kinthos217 viewsThis sort of material is to be found everywhere on the site of ancient Delos.Lloyd TDec 21, 2011
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Greece, Delos - Maritime Quarter Streetscape249 viewsLloyd TDec 21, 2011
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Greece, Delos - Wall in the Maritime Quarter297 viewsRemnant plasterwork and painting illustrates how the coarse stone walls were finished in the residential area that is the Maritime Quarter.1 commentsLloyd TDec 21, 2011
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Greece, Delos - Mosaic Floor in the Maritime Quarter246 viewsInterestingly this mosaic floor features the symbol of Tanit a Carthaginian goddess.Lloyd TDec 20, 2011
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Greece, Delos - from the summit of Mt Kinthos269 viewsAt its peak in the second century BC up to 10,000 slaves per day were trafficked through the slave market at Delos which was focused on the commercial port area to the left of center in the middle distance of this image.Lloyd TDec 20, 2011
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Greece, Delos - On the Ascent of Mt Kinthos220 viewsLloyd TDec 20, 2011
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Greece, Delos - detail of the ancient pathway to Mt Kinthos291 viewsLloyd TDec 20, 2011
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Greece, Delos - Grotto of Hercules256 viewsTo be found at the foot of the approach of Mt Kinthos.Lloyd TDec 20, 2011
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Greece, Delos - the ancient theatre219 viewsLloyd TDec 20, 2011
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Greece, Olympia - epigraphy215 viewsTo be found on the approach to the ancient Olympic stadium.Lloyd TDec 20, 2011
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Greece, Olympia - Epigraphy211 viewsTo be found on the approach to the ancient Olympic stadium.Lloyd TDec 20, 2011
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Greece, Olympia - Temple of Hera199 viewsLloyd TDec 20, 2011
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Greece, Olympia - Temple of Zeus fallen columns208 viewsLloyd TDec 20, 2011
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Greece, Athens - The Gate of Schliemann's House - Athens237 viewsNot exactly an ancient site but as the home of the Greek Numismatic Museum it houses one of the great collections of ancient coins .... a must see on any visit to Athens.

This is photo is of one of the wrought iron gates of Schliemann’s Athenian mansion constructed in 1878/9. The swastika motif derives from his Trojan excavations and borders a design of winged sphinxes and acanthus leaves capped by an owl with spread wings.
Lloyd TDec 20, 2011
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Greece, Mycenae - The Lion Gate365 viewsI waited a long time for this shot, the nanosecond when any one of the thousands of visitors swarming over the site wasn't visible in the frame. Sometimes you get lucky!2 commentsLloyd TDec 20, 2011
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Greece, Olympia - In the Stadium at Olympia186 viewsThe winner of the 2006 Ride on Mower final crosses the line in the stadium.Lloyd TDec 20, 2011
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Greece, Olympia in Spring259 viewsA magical site at any time, but resplendent in Spring!1 commentsLloyd TDec 20, 2011
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Greece, Delphi - Profile of the Charioteer of Delphi320 viewsDating from the early fifth century BC, this is one of the most hauntingly beautiful works of art. It still speaks after 2,500 years.2 commentsLloyd TDec 19, 2011
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Greece, Athens - The Temple of Olympian Zeus 212 viewsLloyd TDec 19, 2011
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Greece, Cape Sounion - The Temple of Poseidon302 viewsAccording to legend, Cape Sounion is the spot where Aegeus, king of Athens, leapt to his death off the cliff, thus giving his name to the Aegean Sea.1 commentsLloyd TDec 19, 2011
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Greece, Sounion - The Temple of Poseidon231 viewsNot so ancient graffiti!1 commentsLloyd TDec 19, 2011
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Greece, Delphi - The Stadium at Delphi227 viewsLooking from the marker at the farthest end from the starting line.Lloyd TDec 19, 2011
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Greece, Delphi - overlooking the Temple of Apollo280 views1 commentsLloyd TDec 19, 2011
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Greece, Delphi - The Theatre at Delphi overlooking the Temple of Apollo with the Treasury of the Athenians in the background228 viewsLloyd TDec 19, 2011
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Greece, Delphi - The Temple of Apollo at Delphi231 viewsLloyd TDec 19, 2011
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Greece, Delphi - The Charioteer of Delphi281 viewsThe life-size statue of a chariot driver was found in 1896 at the Sanctuary of Apollo in Delphi. It is now in the Delphi Archaeological Museum.

The statue was erected at Delphi in 474 BC, to commemorate the victory of a chariot team in the Pythian Games, which were held at Delphi every four years in honor of Pythean Apollo.

The beauty of this work is breathtaking.
1 commentsLloyd TDec 19, 2011
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Greece, Delphi - The Head of the Charioteer of Delphi240 viewsThe life-size statue of a chariot driver was found in 1896 at the Sanctuary of Apollo in Delphi. It is now in the Delphi Archaeological Museum.

The statue was erected at Delphi in 474 BC, to commemorate the victory of a chariot team in the Pythian Games, which were held at Delphi every four years in honor of Pythean Apollo.
Lloyd TDec 19, 2011
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Greece, Delphi - The Charioteer of Delphi213 viewsThe life-size statue of a chariot driver was found in 1896 at the Sanctuary of Apollo in Delphi. It is now in the Delphi Archaeological Museum.

The statue was erected at Delphi in 474 BC, to commemorate the victory of a chariot team in the Pythian Games, which were held at Delphi every four years in honor of Pythean Apollo.
Lloyd TDec 19, 2011
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South Korea, Woraksan 159 viewsThis giant turtle lays near the Buddha of the future of my other picture, it is approximately 5 m long and 1000 year old.Franz-Josef MOct 22, 2011
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South Korea, Woraksan - Buddha134 viewsBuddha of the future, he is already more than 1000 years old, but still has a good appearance. The location of this Buddha is a valley in the middle of the Woraksan mountains. Its a great holy place.Franz-Josef MOct 22, 2011
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South Korea, Woraksan - Buddha156 viewsIn the Woraksan mountains I visit this big Buddha carved in the rock, I estimate the high 20 m, but I' m not sure.Franz-Josef MOct 22, 2011
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Italy, Populonia - mosaic, nearly total view139 viewsA famous beautiful mosaic with a ship wreck and many different sea animals, fishes, octopus snail etc.; most animals can be identified. Now in the museum of PiombinoFranz-Josef MOct 22, 2011
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Italy, Populonia - mosaic176 viewsThis mosaic was found already in the early 19 th century, it shows many sea animals and a ship wreck.Franz-Josef MOct 22, 2011
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Italy, Populonia - Content of an etruscian grave 153 viewsIn the museum of Piombino there is a Replica of an grave of the Populonia necropole, with the original content of this grave.Franz-Josef MOct 22, 2011
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Italy, Populonia - necropole165 views2nd century BC - etruscian necropole, the content of all graves is robbed before the scientist could explore those, except the one at the bottom. the content of this grave could now be seen in the museum of piombino.Franz-Josef MOct 22, 2011
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Italy, Populonia - Etruscian necropole143 viewsThis Etruscian necropole is near the town Piombino in the Toscana Italy, this graves are from the 3-2 century before christ.Franz-Josef MOct 22, 2011
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Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople) - Yerebatan Saray Cistern173 viewsThe second Gorgo of the Cistern. I saw a third Gorgo in the Archaeological Museum of Istanbul. The original temple, from where the Gorgos were removed is still unknown. Franz-Josef MOct 22, 2011
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Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople) - Yerebatan Saray Cistern167 viewsA mysterious place under modern Istanbul. The technical data: the cistern is 138 m long and 65 m wide, the capacity is 21 million US gallons of water or 80.000 cubic meters, 336 marble columns. Franz-Josef MOct 22, 2011
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Croatia, Pula - Floor Mosaic301 viewsAll that remains is a floor mosaic depicting the Punishment of Dirce.LegatusOct 01, 2011
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Croatia, Pula - Colloseum311 viewsLegatusOct 01, 2011
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Croatia, Pula - Colloseum319 viewsLegatusOct 01, 2011
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Croatia, Pula - Colloseum294 viewsReferred to as the amphitheatre by the locals. Started by Augustus, enlarged by Claudius, and finished by the FlaviansLegatusOct 01, 2011
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Croatia, Pula - Twin Gate240 viewsLegatusOct 01, 2011
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Croatia, Pula - Temple of Augustus327 viewsDedicated to Augustus, the first Roman emperor.LegatusSep 30, 2011
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Croatia, Pula - Triumphal Arch of Sergius234 viewsTriumphal Arch of Sergius was built in 27BC to commemorate the Sergius family who were a powerful clan at the time. Now it forms an impressive entranceway to Pula's old town.LegatusSep 30, 2011
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Croatia, Pula - Temple of Augustus301 viewsDedicated to Augustus, the first Roman emperor, this temple is exquisitely harmonious. With the spread of Christianity, the temple became a church and then a granary! Now it hosts a collection of Roman sculptureLegatusSep 30, 2011
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Croatia, Pula - Chapel of St. Maria Formosa366 viewsThree naived basilica from the 6th century ADLegatusSep 30, 2011
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France, Vienne196 viewsarchesvacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, St Romain-en-Gal209 viewsmosaicsvacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, St Romain-en-Gal199 viewsmosaicvacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, St Romain-en-Gal195 viewsmosaics and pillarsvacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, St Romain-en-Gal210 viewsroad... did it lead to Rome?vacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, St Romain-en-Gal188 viewsstatuevacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, St Romain-en-Gal211 viewsfrescoes and mosaicsvacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, St Romain-en-Gal195 viewshousesvacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, St Romain-en-Gal208 viewsmosaicvacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, St Romain-en-Gal208 viewsmosaicvacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, St Romain en Gal188 viewsmosaicvacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, Nimes - Jardins de la Fontaine161 viewsDecorated with vases and statues, the Jardins de la Fontaine count as one of the major public gardens in Europe. They were laid out in the eighteenth century on the site of the ancient spring, an area that includes the Tour Magne and the Temple of Diana.vacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, Nimes - Roman tower190 viewsMont Cavalier is crowned by the Tour Magne ("Great Tower"), a ruined Roman tower.vacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, Nimes - Temple of Diane172 viewsvacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, Pont du Gard - aqueduct186 viewsvacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, Pont du Gard - aqueduct201 viewsvacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, Nimes - Arena212 viewsvacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, Nimes - Arena193 viewsvacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, Nimes - Arena museum203 viewsvacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, Nimes - Jardins de la Fontaine176 viewsDecorated with vases and statues, the Jardins de la Fontaine count as one of the major public gardens in Europe. They were laid out in the eighteenth century on the site of the ancient spring, an area that includes the Tour Magne and the Temple of Diana.vacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, Nimes - Jardins de la Fontaine183 viewsDecorated with vases and statues, the Jardins de la Fontaine count as one of the major public gardens in Europe. They were laid out in the eighteenth century on the site of the ancient spring, an area that includes the Tour Magne and the Temple of Diana.vacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, Arles - Theatre250 viewsArles TheatrevacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, Arles - Arena252 viewsArles ArenavacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, Arles - The Baths of Constantine243 viewsArles: The Baths of ConstantinevacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, Arles - The Baths of Constantine257 viewsArles: The Baths of ConstantinevacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, Nimes - Arena195 viewsNimes ArenavacationchickJul 11, 2011
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France, Nimes - The Castellum181 viewsThis is the end point for the aquaduct that crossed the Pont du Gard. From here water was distributed to public fountains, monuments and different areas of the city via lead pipes.vacationchickJul 08, 2011
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France, Nimes, Maison Carrée, Temple180 viewsvacationchickJul 08, 2011
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France, Nimes, Maison Carrée, Temple179 viewsvacationchickJul 08, 2011
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France, Nimes, Maison Carrée, Temple226 viewsvacationchickJul 08, 2011
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France, Arles - Arena282 viewsvacationchickJul 08, 2011
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Turkey, Aspendos - Theater's entrance188 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianusJun 23, 2011
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Turkey, Perga - Agora and Macellum149 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianusJun 23, 2011
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Turkey, Perga - Nimpheum125 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianusJun 23, 2011
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Turkey, Ephesus - Domitian's temple173 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianusJun 23, 2011
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Turkey, Aphrodisias - Aphrodite's temple with tetrapylon201 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianusJun 23, 2011
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Turkey, Hierapolis of Phrygia - Theater159 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianusJun 23, 2011
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Turkey, Ilium - Troy (Turkey) - Odeon140 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianusJun 23, 2011
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Turkey, Pergamum - Acropolis145 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianusJun 23, 2011
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Turkey, Pergamum - Asclepion129 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianusJun 23, 2011
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Turkey, Mount Argaeus - Cappadocia117 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianusJun 23, 2011
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Turkey, Istanbul - Underground Cistern121 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianusJun 23, 2011
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Turkey, Istanbul - Medusa's marble head150 viewsIn the Underground Cistern, was taken from Tarsus in ancient times.
May 2011
FlaviusDomitianusJun 23, 2011
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Greece, Corinth -- April 2011197 viewspitbullJun 23, 2011
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Greece, Corinth230 viewsApril 2011pitbullJun 23, 2011
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Italy, Rome, Colosseum, Inside -- May, 2011133 viewspitbullJun 23, 2011
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Italy, Rome, Forum, arch of Septimius Severus and Curia163 viewspitbullJun 23, 2011
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France, St Romain-en-Gal - public toilet200 viewspublic toiletvacationchickJun 23, 2011
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France, Arles, Aquaduct313 viewsvacationchickJun 23, 2011
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Turkey, Istanbul - Alexander III in Lion Skin Head Dress - a frontal view - from the Alexander Sarcophagus in the Istanbul Museum353 viewsWe are accustomed to seeing the lion skin head dress in profile on coinage. Rarely are we afforded a more frontal view. I took this photo of Alexander the Great portrayed on the Alexander Sarcophagus in the Istanbul Museum. The head dress in nicely portrayed in three dimensions 2 commentsLloyd TMay 25, 2011
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Turkey, Çatalhöyük265 viewsÇatalhöyük (SE of Konya in Anatolia) is an outstanding Neolithic site. Excavation is ongoing, with the delicate mud brick architecture preserved under two large domes. There are no streets in Çatalhöyük; the buildings all abut one another and were accessed (using ladders) from the roof. The people of Çatalhöyük, it seems, had discovered how to construct houses, but hadn’t yet worked out the technology of doors and windows. 1 commentsAbu GalyonNov 22, 2010
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Turkey, Aspendos, Roman theatre, Seating325 viewsAspendos has a strong claim to possess the best-preserved Roman theatre in the world. It dates from the mid-second century, completed during the last years of the reign of Antoninus Pius, to a design by a local architect, Zenon. The cavea seats over 10,000; walking around the top level, you can still find the original post holes for the masts fixing the velarium. 1 commentsAbu GalyonNov 12, 2010
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Turkey, Aspendos, Roman theatre, Stage building219 viewsThe scaenae frons is similarly largely undamaged. The stage building had secondary use, first as a caravanserai and later as a residence for the Seljuk governor of the city! Abu GalyonNov 12, 2010
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Turkey, Attalia (Antalya) - Hadrian's gate256 viewsA stylish triple-arched gateway erected in 130 CE to mark the emperor Hadrian’s visit to the city. It’s still used as one of the principal entrances to the historic Kaleiçi quarter of today’s Antalya. And it’s a very visible reminder of how much lower the street level was in Roman times. At the base of the central arch there are quite deep grooves formed by the passage of carts: hence the glass-bottomed footbridge, designed to save the modern pedestrian from a twisted ankle. Abu GalyonNov 08, 2010
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Turkey, Lystra133 viewsLystra has never been excavated, so the mound you’re looking at is a typical Middle Eastern ‘tel’. However, an inscription was found here (now displayed in the Konya Archaeological Museum) which makes the site identification secure. Lystra has significant New Testament links: Barnabas and Paul while visiting Lystra were mistaken for gods [Acts 14:6ff] and Paul’s companion Timothy was born here [Acts 16:1]. Abu GalyonOct 25, 2010
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Turkey, Side - Temple of Athena245 viewsSide’s temple of Athena, together with an adjacent temple dedicated to Apollo and a later Byzantine basilica, occupy a spectacular site on the edge of the city’s ancient harbour. This is wonderful, picture-postcard stuff! Unfortunately, the rest of Side is a dump: a ghastly collection of bars and discos, cheap eateries, souvenir shops and garish hotels, whatever charm it once had totally destroyed by modern mass tourism. The most disappointing ancient town I’ve ever visited. 1 commentsAbu GalyonOct 19, 2010
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Turkey, Termessos - Theatre180 viewsThough Termessos is fairly close to a major tourist resort (Antalya) it’s not over-visited, perhaps because it’s a fairly steep uphill climb to reach the principal monuments from the nearest point where you can park. But the effort is worth it: the setting (inside Güllük Daği National Park) is spectacular and the ruins at this unrestored site are as romantic a pile of tumble-down stones as anyone could wish for. Abu GalyonOct 04, 2010
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Turkey, Eflatun pinar185 viewsThe name means ‘lilac spring’. If you are travelling between Konya (Iconium) and Yalvaç (Pisidian Antioch) it’s only a short detour to visit this delightfully secluded site near Lake Beyşehir. The stones are the remains of a small Hittite temple or sanctuary, dating from perhaps the 14th or 13th century BCE. Abu GalyonSep 29, 2010
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Turkey, Perga - Collonaded Street147 viewsPart of the wide (20m) colonnaded boulevard which runs almost the whole length of the lower city (over 500m), testimony to Perge’s importance as a commercial centre. In antiquity both sides of the street would have been lined with fancy shops, and the ‘shopping experience’ was enhanced by an ornamental water canal running down the middle of the road, fed from the nymphaeum which you can see at the far end. Beyond the nymphaeum is the path leading up to the city’s acropolis. Abu GalyonSep 25, 2010
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Turkey, Perga - Roman Baths154 viewsThe hot room (caldarium); some traces of the original marble flooring are visible at the far end. Underneath, a well-preserved hypocaust of slightly unusual design, based on pilae tiles formed into arches rather than the more common upright stacks. Abu GalyonSep 25, 2010
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Turkey, Perga - Agora194 viewsPerge’s principal market square is a substantial space (sides approximately 75m) dating mostly from the 2nd century CE and colonnaded on all four sides. At its centre is a small circular temple (just over 13m diameter) of uncertain dedication: presumably either Hermes or (perhaps more likely) Tyche. Abu GalyonSep 23, 2010
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Turkey, Perga - Agora (Shop Sign)205 viewsHidden away in one corner of the agora is this rather delightful trading sign. The meat hook and knife presumably indicate that this location was a butcher’s shop. Abu GalyonSep 23, 2010
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Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople) - Halikarnassos mausoleum lion179 viewsThis is a lion from the Mausoleum of Halikarnassos (now Bodrum Turkey), one of the seven world wonders. Now in the archaeological museum of Istanbul. Behind the lion is a picture of the reconstruction of the building.The building is now nearly completely destroyed.Franz-Josef MAug 18, 2010
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Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople) - Yerebatan Saray Cistern190 viewsThe cistern was build in the year 542 under the reign of Justinian. It is positioned near the Hagia Sophia museum. The Gorgo (a female monster with serpents instead of hairs- one view can kill) head belongs to an old unknown monument and was used here in this cistern a second time as a base of a column. The cistern consists of 336 columns. But only 2 gorgo heads can be seen in the cistern. Franz-Josef MAug 18, 2010
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Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople) - Obelisk Thutmosis Hippodrom178 viewsEgypt obelisk (from Thutmosis III temple of Karnak 1471 before christ). now on the Hippodrom place (where in ancient times was a horse race-track) in Instanbul, erected under the reign of Theodosius in the year 390 after christ.Franz-Josef MAug 18, 2010
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Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople)177 viewsHagia Sophia (translated holy wisdom).Erected in the 6th Century (the third church at this place) during the reign of Iustinianus I. It was the main church of the byzantine empire. After the conquering of Constantinople by the osmanic turks in 1453 it became a mosque and then since 1935 a museum.Franz-Josef MAug 18, 2010
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Italy, Ostia - mosaique floor189 viewsJohny SYSELJul 26, 2010
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Italy, Ostia - capitol on forum180 viewsJohny SYSELJul 26, 2010
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Italy, Ostia - house near forum187 viewsJohny SYSELJul 26, 2010
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Austria, Vienna (Vindobona) - remains of Roman house from 2nd - 4th century519 viewsWien - Michaelerplatz Johny SYSELJul 26, 2010
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Austria, Vienna (Vindobona) - remains of Roman house from 2nd - 4th century464 viewsWien - Michaelerplatz Johny SYSELJul 26, 2010
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England, London (Londinium) - city walls432 viewsmodern bronze statue of Trajan

next to Tower Hill - station of London underground
Johny SYSELJul 26, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Aqua Claudia (aquaduct)288 viewsentrance to San Stefano RotondoJohny SYSELJul 26, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Porta San Giovanni128 viewsgate in the Aurelian Wall
gate was built for pope Gregory XIII

(near San Giovanni in Laterano)
Johny SYSELJul 26, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Porta Asinaria150 viewsgate in the Aurelian Walls built 270-273 AD

(near San Giovanni in Laterano)
Johny SYSELJul 25, 2010
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Italy, Ostia - mosaique137 viewsJohny SYSELJul 25, 2010
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Italy, Ostia - 149 viewsJohny SYSELJul 25, 2010
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Italy, Ostia - 129 viewsJohny SYSELJul 25, 2010
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Italy, Ostia - mosaique152 viewsJohny SYSELJul 25, 2010
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Italy, Ostia - temple of Ceres146 viewsJohny SYSELJul 25, 2010
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Italy, Ostia - mosaique128 viewsJohny SYSELJul 25, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Temple of Hadrian156 viewsbuilt by Antoninus Pius in 145 AD
now occupied by the Borsa bank
Johny SYSELJul 25, 2010
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Italy, Rome, National Museum of Rome, Suicide of a Gaul 169 viewsPallazo Altemps

Roman copy of Hellenistic original 230-220 BC, one of the bronze groups commissioned from Greek sculptors by Pergamon king Attalus I after his recent victories over the Gauls of Galatia.
Johny SYSELJul 25, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Republican temples149 viewsLargo di Torre Argentina

Wikipedia: "Temple of Juturna built by Gaius Lutatius Catulus after his victory against the Carthaginians in 241 BC. It was later rebuilt into a church, whose apse is still present.

Circular temple with six columns remaining, was built by Quintus Lutatius Catulus in 101 BC to celebrate his victory over Cimbri; it was Aedes Fortunae Huiusce Diei, a temple devoted to the "Luck of the Current Day"."

Johny SYSELJul 25, 2010
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Lybia, Sabratha - Theatre180 viewsThe theatre of the ancient city of Sabratha (Libya), built during the reign of the Severans, reconstructed by Mussolini. SyltorianMay 23, 2010
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Lybia, Sabratha - Scaenae Frons230 viewsThe scaenae frons of the theatre of Sabratha, modern Libya. The sea is visible behind, through the central gate. Note the great reliefs under the stage itself. SyltorianMay 23, 2010
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Lybia, Sabratha - Detail of Scaenae Frons143 viewsA relief in one of the niches of the theatre frontSyltorianMay 23, 2010
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France, Glanum - Temple234 viewsThe remains of a temple in the ancient city of Glanum (Saint-Rémy-en-Provence). Note the fine acroterion! SyltorianMay 15, 2010
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France, Glanum - Tomb Monument264 viewsOutside the walls of Glanum (now Saint-Rémy-en-Provence) stands this wonderful monument. It was erected sometime between 30-20 B.C. The inscription reads: SEX(tus) M(arcus) L(ucius) IVLIEI C(aii) •F(ilii) PARENTIBVS SVEIS (Sextus, Marcus and Lucius Iulius, sons of Caius, to their parents), and shows interesting battle scenes.
SyltorianMay 15, 2010
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France, La Turbie - Trophée des Alpes229 viewsThis Augustan trophy towers over the French Riviera and Monaco. It celebrates Augustus' pacification of the Alps and his victory over 45 tribes. (also mentioned by Pliny, Nat. Hist. III,136-137) Pity about the rainy weather when this photograph was taken.
SyltorianMay 15, 2010
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France, Nemausus - Tour Magne226 viewsPart of the city walls of Nemausus, this is a massive Roman watch-tower with an octagonal base and a round top, it's 32 meters high now, and had another 4 meters in ancient times. SyltorianMay 15, 2010
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France, Nemausus - Amphitheatre241 viewsThe Roman amphitheatre of the Colonia Nemausus still stands. On the top, holed stones for holding the velum can be seen. The "Arènes" are still in use today, mainly for bull fights as the more modern statue in front shows. SyltorianMay 15, 2010
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France, Nemausus - Relief on the Amphitheatre282 viewsThis relief is found above one of the arches of the ancient amphitheatre of Nemausus. It's rather worn, but two gladiators can still be seen. SyltorianMay 15, 2010
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France, Nemausus - Crocodile Fountain246 viewsThis fountain is not ancient, but represents the famous coin-type of the ancient city of Nemausus, showing a crocodile chained to a palm-tree. SyltorianMay 15, 2010
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France, Nemausus - Bollard294 viewsNîmes was founded by Augustus, with veterans from his Egyptian campaigns. The coin-type with the crocodile chained to a palm is famous, and still used by Nîmes as its coat of arms today. Here it appears on one of the (modern) bollards set up around the ancient amphitheatre.1 commentsSyltorianMay 15, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Palace of Domitian176 viewson PalatinJohny SYSELMar 20, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Domitian's stadium on Palatin176 viewsJohny SYSELMar 20, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Arch of Dolabella251 views(the Porta Caelimontana)
built by consul Publius Cornelius Dolabella in 10 AD.
It was part of Aqua Marcia and later Aqua Claudia leading to Palatin.
Johny SYSELMar 20, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Temple of Venus and Roma171 viewsThis is largest roman temple and it was designed by emperor Hadrian himself. Temple was finished by Antoninus Pius and repaired by Maxentius after fire. In 850 after earthquake pope Leo IV built Santa Maria Nova over ruins. In 1612 after renovation church was renamed to Santa Francesca Romana.Johny SYSELMar 20, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Forum of Augustus158 viewsIt includes the Temple of Mars UltorJohny SYSELMar 20, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Capitoline Museums, Diana177 viewsCapitoline museumsJohny SYSELMar 20, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Capitoline Museums, Capitoline Venus188 viewsCapitoline museumsJohny SYSELMar 20, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Capitoline Museums, Esquiline Venus210 viewsCapitoline museumsJohny SYSELMar 20, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Forum159 viewsJohny SYSELMar 20, 2010
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Turkey, Pergamum - Theatre146 viewsThe Hellenistic theatre at Pergamum is extraordinary. It’s built into a steep hill-side, in close proximity to the city’s famous altar of Zeus, as well as to temples dedicated to Athena and Dionysus. But the constraints of the chosen site meant that the theatre could not take the ‘normal’ Greek shape (rather more than a semi-circle). Instead, to fit in the required number of seats, the cavea was extended vertically: there are 78 rows. The result is vertiginous. Abu GalyonMar 04, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Pantheon180 views1 commentsJohny SYSELFeb 25, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Hermaphrodite183 viewsPalazzo Massimo alle TermeJohny SYSELFeb 25, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Baths of Caracalla197 viewshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baths_of_CaracallaJohny SYSELFeb 25, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Baths of Caracalla196 viewshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baths_of_CaracallaJohny SYSELFeb 25, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Aqua Claudia, Part of the aquaduct near Basilica of St. John Lateran112 viewsJohny SYSELFeb 25, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Original ancient door from Curia204 viewsnow it is in Basilica of St. John Lateran ... seat of Pope until he moved to Vatican1 commentsJohny SYSELFeb 25, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Palazzo Massimo alle Terme - Discobolos152 viewsPalazzo Massimo alle TermeJohny SYSELFeb 25, 2010
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Italy, Ostia - mosaique138 viewsHippocampsJohny SYSELFeb 25, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Column of Marcus Aurelius177 viewsIt was built in 176 or later after death of Marcus Aurelius to celebrate victory over Marcomani and Quadi and Sarmatians. Johny SYSELFeb 25, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Ara Pacis319 viewsIt was built to honor the triumphal return of the Roman emperor Augustus.
It was consecrated on 30 January 9 BC.
Johny SYSELFeb 25, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Vatican Museums, Marble busts160 viewsVatican MuseumsJohny SYSELFeb 17, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Unidentified Bust, Museum on Palatine361 viewsMuseum on Palatine2 commentsJohny SYSELFeb 17, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Temple of Hercules Victor155 viewsForum Boarium

built in the later second century BC

In 1132 the temple was converted to a church, known as Santo Stefano alle Carozze.
Johny SYSELFeb 17, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Temple of Portunus148 viewsForum Boarium

built in 75 BC
converted to church in 872
Johny SYSELFeb 17, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Theatre of Marcellus144 viewsTheatre was built in 13 BC and was named after Marcus Marcellus, Emperor Augustus's nephew, who died five years before its completion.Johny SYSELFeb 17, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Pons Aemilius286 viewsthe oldest stone-bridge in Rome
bridge with six wholly stone arches was comleted in 142 BC
bridge was destroyd in 1598 AD by flood.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pons_Aemilius
3 commentsJohny SYSELFeb 17, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Porta San Paolo137 viewsgate in Aurelian wallsJohny SYSELFeb 17, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Pyramid of Cestius145 viewsbuilt in 12 BC by Gaius Cestius Epulo
base: 29.6 m (100 Roman feet)
high: 37 m (125 Roman feet)

inscription:
C · CESTIVS · L · F · POB · EPULO · PR · TR · PL
VII · VIR · EPOLONVM

OPVS · APSOLVTVM · EX · TESTAMENTO · DIEBVS · CCCXXX
ARBITRATV
PONTI · P · F · CLA · MELAE · HEREDIS · ET · POTHI · L

inscription from 1663: INSTAVRATVM · AN · DOMINI · MDCLXIII
Johny SYSELFeb 17, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Forum from Palatino158 viewsTemple of Antoninus and Faustina
Temple of Romulus

This temple Maxentius built for his son Romulus who died 309 AD. Maybe the temple is built over earlier temple.
In 527 the temle with library on Vespasian's forum was rebuild to church of St. Cosma and Damian.
Johny SYSELFeb 17, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Temple of Antoninus and Faustina231 viewsTemple was build in 141 AD and dedicated to Faustina. In 161 temple was re-dedicated jointly to Antoninus and Faustina.
Temple was converted to a church, known as San Lorenzo in Miranda.
1 commentsJohny SYSELFeb 17, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Arch of Titus343 viewsThe Arch of Titus, on the Via Sacra, Rome, just to the south-east of the Roman Forum, was completed by Domitian in 96 A.D. to commemorate Titus' victories, including the Siege of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. The Arch of Titus has provided the general model for many of the triumphal arches erected since the 16th century—perhaps most famously it is the inspiration for the 1806 Arc de Triomphe in Paris, France, completed in 1836.1 commentsJohny SYSELFeb 17, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Colosseum241 viewsJohny SYSELFeb 17, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Colosseum166 viewshall inside colloseumJohny SYSELFeb 17, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Colosseum167 viewsJohny SYSELFeb 17, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Colosseum with arch of Constantine in the background164 viewsJohny SYSELFeb 17, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Arch of Constantine with Colosseum in the background489 views2 commentsJohny SYSELFeb 17, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Colosseum335 views3 commentsJohny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, sarcophagus 141 viewsPalazzo Massimo alle Terme

there is also great collection of roman coins.
Johny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Basilica Ulpia and Trajan's column277 viewsChurch of the Most Holy Name of Mary at the Trajan Forum in the background.1 commentsJohny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Temple of Venus Genetrix143 viewschurch of Santi Luca e Martina; curia; arch of Septimius Severus
... I think so many different types of building in the one picture you can find only in Rome.
Johny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Baths of Caracalla243 viewsbuilt between 212 AD and 216 AD

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baths_of_Caracalla
Johny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Ostia - 119 viewsJohny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Ostia - house near forum186 viewsJohny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Ostia - 148 viewsJohny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Ostia - 138 viewsJohny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Ostia - theatre137 viewsrebuilt by CommodusJohny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Mausoleum of Hadrian and Pons Aelius150 viewsbuilt between 135 AD and 139 AD
bridge was built in 134 AD

Hadrian and Sabina,
Antoninus Pius and Faustina,
Lucius Verus,
Marcus Aurelius,
Commodus,
Septimius Severus and
Caracalla were buried here.
Johny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Pantheon236 viewsbuilt by Agrippa 27 BC
rebuilt by Hadrian into present shape in 123 AD

M AGRIPPA L F COS TERTIVM FECIT

In 609 panteon was converted into church of St. Mary and the Martyrs.
1 commentsJohny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Pantheon157 viewsbuilt by Agrippa 27 BC
rebuilt by Hadrian into present shape in 123 AD

remains of Neptune's basilica
Johny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Arch of Titus327 viewsbuilt by Domitianus
commemorate victory of Titus in Jerusalem in the first Jewish–Roman War
1 commentsJohny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Circus Maximus183 views600m x 200m
+- 320000 spectators
last race in 549 AD
Johny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Porticus Octaviae146 viewsBuilt by Augustus in the name of his sister, Octavia Minor, after 27 BC.Johny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Temple of Apollo Sosianus145 viewsName derives from its final rebuilder: Gaius Sosius.
Construction begun in 34 BC.
Johny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Pons Fabricius134 viewsOldest bridge in Rome - built in 62 BC and still existing in its original state.Johny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Colosseum178 viewsJohny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Colosseum217 views50000 spectators

It has been estimated that about 500000 people and over a million wild animals died in the Colosseum games.
Johny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Arch of Septimius Severus319 viewsbuilt in 203 AD to commemorate the Parthian victories1 commentsJohny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Temple of Saturn148 viewsfounded between 501 BC and 498 BC.
The present ruins are from last incarnation in 283 AD.

Silver and gold was stored there in republic times.
Johny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Colosseum222 viewsbuilt between 70 AD and 80 AD1 commentsJohny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Italy, Rome, Arch of Constantine397 viewscommemorate Constantine I's victory over Maxentius
built in 315
inscription:
IMP · CAES · FL · CONSTANTINO · MAXIMO · P · F · AVGUSTO · S · P · Q · R · QVOD · INSTINCTV · DIVINITATIS · MENTIS · MAGNITVDINE · CVM · EXERCITV · SVO · TAM · DE · TYRANNO · QVAM · DE · OMNI · EIVS · FACTIONE · VNO · TEMPORE · IVSTIS · REM-PVBLICAM · VLTVS · EST · ARMIS · ARCVM · TRIVMPHIS · INSIGNEM · DICAVIT
1 commentsJohny SYSELFeb 12, 2010
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Israel, Herodion211 viewsThe Herodion (Har Hordos) was Herod the Great’s summer palace near Jerusalem and – according to Josephus – the place of his burial. (A possible royal sarcophagus was discovered in 2007 but the identification with Herod is not certain.) There are two distinct parts: the Upper Herodion, a fortress complex set within a mountain top, and the Lower Herodion, the palace proper with several ancillary buildings (bath house, stadium, etc.) In the photograph, the Upper Herodion hill dominates the background, while the foreground shows part of a substantial colonnaded pool (70m x 45m) with a gazebo-like structure set at its centre. The area now in use as a car park would have been a formal garden in Herod’s day. Abu GalyonJan 04, 2010
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Israel, Jerusalem - Kidron Valley (1)161 viewsThis curious structure is known in Arabic as Tantour Faroun (‘Pharaoh’s Hat’). In fact it’s a funerary monument (nefesh) marking the entrance to a substantial catacomb with eight burial chambers cut into the cliff behind. It probably dates from the reign of Herod the Great. In guidebooks it’s sometimes marked as the ‘Tomb of Absalom’, but the legend that this is the tomb of David’s rebellious son is a medieval fantasy. Abu GalyonDec 15, 2009
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Israel, Jerusalem - Kidron Valley (2)155 viewsAnother Kidron valley tomb complex (about 60m south of Tantour Faroun). Jewish pilgrims called this the ‘Tomb of Zechariah’, while the Christian pious associated it with their own early martyrs, notably St. James. In fact, an inscription shows that this was the burial place of the priestly Bene Hezir family, who get a passing mention in the Bible (1 Chronicles 24:15). The nefesh with a pyramidal top marks the entrance to a passage ascending into the cliff on the left. The actual burial chambers (four of them) lie in the area behind the Doric-columned façade. The complex dates from the later second-century BC. Abu GalyonDec 15, 2009
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Jordan, Petra - Khasneh168 viewsOK, it’s the photograph every visitor to Petra takes: the first sight of the Kasneh framed by the dark canyon of the Siq. But the view is breathtaking, so who can resist? Abu GalyonDec 13, 2009
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Jordan, Petra - Qasr al-Bint136 viewsIt’s known locally by the name of Qasr al-Bint al-Faroun, ‘the Palace of Pharaoh’s Daughter’, but it’s really a Nabataean temple, probably originally dedicated to Dushrat. The Qasr al-Bint is one of the best preserved free-standing buildings in Petra and stands in a sacred precinct at the far end of the city’s Cardo. In front of the temple steps is a substantial open-air altar platform. The area still further in the foreground of the picture is now used as a Bedouin taxi rank, where the tired tourist who no longer wishes to walk can hire a camel or donkey for the trip back to the start of the Siq. Abu GalyonDec 12, 2009
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Jordan, Jerash - Temple of Artemis205 viewsArtemis was the patron goddess of Gerasa, and the temple dedicated to her was one of the city’s grandest monuments. It was reached by ascending an imposing processional Sacred Way, starting from the Cardo. The temple was built during the mid 2nd-century CE and worship continued there until suppressed by Theodosius around 391. Afterwards, in Byzantine times, part of the Sacred Way was converted into a church (the ‘Propylaeum Church’) and the temple courtyard was used as a pottery workshop, while the naos itself was left to crumble quietly away. Abu GalyonDec 04, 2009
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Jordan, Jerash - Nymphaeum159 viewsGerasa’s Nymphaeum is quite well preserved and must have been spectacular in its prime. Originally there would have been a half-dome covering the top and each niche would have contained a statue. Note the holes in the lower level niches: the sculptures here would have also served as decorative water conduits to fill the basin underneath. Abu GalyonDec 02, 2009
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Israel, Caesarea Maritima - Amphitheatre321 views‘Amphitheatre’ is how Josephus describes this structure (Antiquities 15.341). It was designed to be suitable for races, athletics, and probably more violent entertainments. It measures about 50 x 290 m. Nearby in the city there is a more traditional semi-circular Roman amphitheatre. And a larger (90 x 450 m) hippodrome for chariot racing was built subsequently, probably at the time of Hadrian. Abu GalyonNov 30, 2009
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Israel, Caesarea Maritima - Herod's Villa324 viewsAnother of Herod the Great's many residences.
This one is by the seaside.
Abu GalyonNov 20, 2009
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Israel, Jericho - Herod's Palace181 viewsThe ruins at Tulul Abu el-Alaiq, site of Herod the Great’s winter retreat on the outskirts of Jericho. Jericho is over 300m below sea level and hence pleasantly warm in winter, even when it's freezing in Jerusalem. Around 35 BCE, Aristobulus, the last Hasmonaean high-priest and Herod’s brother-in-law, was murdered here on Herod’s orders, drowned in a fish pond. The palace and grounds extended across the Wadi Qilt (the seasonal river-bed in the foreground of the picture), which was spanned by a bridge. Abu GalyonNov 17, 2009
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Israel, Nazareth - Rolling Stone Tomb170 viewsA really well-preserved example of a Jewish rolling-stone tomb. This one is part of a small necropolis which was found underneath the Convent of the Sisters of Nazareth, only a stone’s throw away from the Basilica of the Annunciation. Abu GalyonNov 13, 2009
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Israel, Qumran - Tower190 viewsThe remains of the tower at Qumran. The tower is set in the middle of the north side and has a natural function as an observation or guard tower: north looks towards Jericho, and that would be the natural direction from which travellers would approach the settlement. There is no access to the tower at ground level; instead people would have entered higher up, after climbing a flight of stone steps fixed to the south-side exterior wall. Abu GalyonNov 12, 2009
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Israel, Qumran - Scriptorium145 viewsL30. From the fill of this room (which came from a collapsed upper level) de Vaux recovered two inkwells and the remains of what appeared to be a long, narrow plastered table (about 480 cm x 40 cm). Another inkwell was found in an adjacent locus. He conjectured that L30 could have been the community’s ‘scriptorium’, a room for copying manuscripts. Abu GalyonNov 10, 2009
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Israel, Qumran - Miqvah155 viewsThis is L48-49, a water storage feature. The low, plastered partitions on the steps make it likely that this was a miqvah (a ritual bath), rather than a cistern. The damage on the left side of the steps dates from the earthquake of 31 BCE. Abu GalyonNov 09, 2009
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Israel, Qumran - Refectory158 viewsThe ‘Refectory’ (L77) is the largest room at Qumran. A smaller connecting space (L86) nearby contained a huge cache of pottery plates, bowls, and cups. Hence, de Vaux argued that L77 was probably the community’s communal dining room. Abu GalyonNov 09, 2009
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Israel, Qumran - Cave 4183 viewsCave 4 was the nearest cave containing documents to the site at Qumran - it’s only about 500 metres away. Most visitors to Qumran take a picture like this one. But mostly they don’t realise that the highly visible cave entrance in their picture is modern, knocked into the side by looters. The ancient entrance to Cave 4 is on the top and well-hidden. Which is perhaps why Cave 4 was found by the local Bedouin, not by Western archaeologists, and why it wasn’t discovered until 1952, over five years after the original manuscript finds of 1946/7. Abu GalyonNov 06, 2009
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Israel, Sepphoris - 'Mona Lisa' Mosaic213 viewsPart of a Roman mosaic, usually dated to the early 3rd-century CE, from the dining room floor of a mansion in the upper town at Sepphoris. When it was first excavated, the Israeli press named it 'the Mona Lisa of the Galilee'. Over-hype, maybe, but it is certainly attractive.Abu GalyonOct 27, 2009
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Jordan, Petra - 'Little Petra'169 viewsThis is Al-Barid (often called 'Little Petra') which is about 5 km distant from the central parts of Petra which attract all the tourists. By contrast, Little Petra is not often visited, but it's very atmospheric (with its own mini-Siq!) and an excursion here can also take in the nearby and fascinating Neolithic site of Beidha.Abu GalyonOct 16, 2009
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Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace - peristyle - sphinx399 viewsDiocletian's palace is historical centre of Split - Croatia.Johny SYSELOct 12, 2009
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Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace - peristyle356 viewspart of cathedrale of St. Duje in the left upper cornerJohny SYSELOct 12, 2009
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Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace361 viewsDiocletian's palace is historical centre of Split - Croatia.1 commentsJohny SYSELOct 12, 2009
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Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace - Cathedral of St. Domnius (St. Duje)323 viewsCathedral of St. Duje is build over Diocletian's mausoleum.Johny SYSELOct 12, 2009
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Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace - silver gate433 viewseast gate leading to the centre of Split.Johny SYSELOct 12, 2009
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Jordan, Petra - Silk Tomb157 viewsThe 'Silk Tomb' is hard to photograph and is best visited near sunrise or sunset. Depending on the time of day (i.e. on the angle at which the sunlight strikes the rock) the colours either look vibrant and alive or flat and dull.Abu GalyonOct 07, 2009
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Jordan, Petra - Roman Soldier's Tomb183 viewsIt's popularly called the "Roman Soldier's Tomb" because the central headless figure on the facade is clearly wearing a cuirass. The trouble is that the tomb can't really be dated later than the early years of Rabbel II, i.e. at least 30 years before the Roman annexation in 106 CE. That makes a Roman officer's burial highly questionable. The interior layout is elaborate - a tomb intended for someone of quite high status.Abu GalyonOct 05, 2009
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Jordan, Gadara179 viewsPart of an early Byzantine church complex at Umm Qais in north-west Jordan. Umm Qais is ancient Gadara of the Decapolis (as in the 'Gadarene swine' of Matthew 8:28-34). The city is built from a mixture of white limestone and dark basalt, often mixed together, which gives some of the buildings a curious chess-board look.Abu GalyonOct 02, 2009
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Jordan, Amman - Acropolis282 viewsAmman in Jordan was ancient Philadelphia, a Decapolis town. Not much remains of the (second-century CE) Temple of Heracles which once dominated the city's acropolis, but the surviving columns are impressively large. Heracles also features prominently on Philadelphia's coinage.Abu GalyonSep 30, 2009
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Jordan, Machaerus149 viewsMachaerus is in central Jordan, not far from the Dead Sea. It's one of Herod the Great's hilltop desert fortresses. Not as well-known or impressive as Masada perhaps, but Machaerus has it's own claim to fame: according to Josephus, Machaerus is where John the Baptist was imprisoned and executed.Abu GalyonSep 29, 2009
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Jordan, Petra - Ed Deir161 viewsThis is Ed Deir, one of the 'high places' of Petra. There's a rock cut path, you have to climb about 800 steps above Cardo level to get there, but worth it. Early Western visitors called it 'the Monastery', which perhaps it was during Byzantine times, originally though, a Nabataean temple (not a tomb).Abu GalyonSep 28, 2009
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Jordan, Jerash - Oval Plaza171 viewsJerash is ancient Gerasa in Jordan, one of the Decapolis cities. The superb Oval Plaza stands at one end of the Cardo.Abu GalyonSep 28, 2009
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Turkey, Ephesus - Library284 viewsEaster 20071 commentsPotator IISep 23, 2009
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Turkey, Ephesus - Temple of Hadrian - Easter 2007185 viewsPotator IISep 23, 2009
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Turkey, Hierapolis - Easter 2007161 viewsPotator IISep 23, 2009
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Turkey, Miletos205 viewsEaster 20071 commentsPotator IISep 23, 2009
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Turkey, Miletos - Theater140 viewsEaster 2007Potator IISep 23, 2009
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Italy, Rome, Forum166 viewsruins of The Forum - Temple of Saturn being excavated 1999

We were unable to get close, I think this pic was taken from the sidewalk by hte main road that ran by.
randy h2Sep 21, 2009
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Italy, Rome, Forum183 views1999

I think this is ( or near) The Forum - Temple of Saturn
randy h2Sep 21, 2009
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Italy, Rome, Coliseum150 viewsColiseum 1999randy h2Sep 21, 2009
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Italy, Venice - Bridge of Sighs153 viewsBridge of Sighs 1999randy h2Sep 21, 2009
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Italy, Venice - Grand Canal and St. Marks157 viewsVeiw from the ferry 1999randy h2Sep 21, 2009
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Israel - Bar'am Synagogue343 viewsThis is one of the oldest synagogues in all of Israel.aarmaleSep 10, 2009
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Israel, Tzipporri - Tzipporri Mosaic193 viewsA mosaic found in Tzipporri, Israel.aarmaleSep 10, 2009
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Turkey, Ephesus - theatre183 viewsJohny SYSELAug 01, 2009
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Turkey, Ephesus - street leading to harbour207 viewsIn ancient times Ephesus had harbour but alluviums of local river moved coast 5,6 km further.Johny SYSELAug 01, 2009
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Turkey, Ephesus - theatre228 views44000 spectators - maybe the largest ancient theatreJohny SYSELAug 01, 2009
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Turkey, Ephesus - theatre193 viewsJohny SYSELAug 01, 2009
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Turkey, Ephesus - street leading from harbour to agora175 viewsJohny SYSELAug 01, 2009
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Turkey, Ephesus - Library of Celsus223 viewsJohny SYSELAug 01, 2009
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Turkey, Ephesus - Library of Celsus197 viewsJohny SYSELAug 01, 2009
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Turkey, Ephesus - Library of Celsus217 viewsThis building had two-storied façade but was three-storied.
built ca. CE 125 by Gaius Julius Aquila
once held nearly 12,000 scrolls
Johny SYSELAug 01, 2009
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Turkey, Ephesus - Gate of Augustus236 viewsgate to agoraJohny SYSELAug 01, 2009
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Turkey, Ephesus - street connecting upper and lower town231 viewsJohny SYSELAug 01, 2009
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Turkey, Ephesus - temple of Hadrian218 viewsJohny SYSELAug 01, 2009
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Turkey, Ephesus - street in upper town224 viewsJohny SYSELAug 01, 2009
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Turkey, Ephesus - temple of Artemis - 1 of the 7 wonders of ancien world382 viewsWe can only dream up what it was once.2 commentsJohny SYSELAug 01, 2009
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Turkey, Hierapolis - theatre177 viewsJohny SYSELJul 13, 2009
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Turkey, Hierapolis - roman bath157 views(northern bath)Johny SYSELJul 13, 2009
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Turkey, Hierapolis - necropolis184 viewsJohny SYSELJul 13, 2009
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Turkey, Hierapolis - necropolis172 viewsJohny SYSELJul 13, 2009
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Turkey, Hierapolis - necropolis175 viewsJohny SYSELJul 13, 2009
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Turkey, Hierapolis - main street178 viewsHierapolis was used as spa since Hellenistic times.Johny SYSELJul 13, 2009
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Turkey, Hierapolis - main street173 viewsHierapolis was used as spa since Hellenistic times.Johny SYSELJul 13, 2009
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Greece, Kos - Asclepieion - mosaique of Satyr?226 viewsJohny SYSELJul 13, 2009
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Greece, Crete, Knossos - palace252 viewscenter of Minoan culture - the first civilization in Europe
Old palace is from 19th to 16th centuries BC
Johny SYSELJul 13, 2009
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Greece, Crete, Knossos - palace256 viewscenter of Minoan culture - the first civilization in Europe
Old palace is from 19th to 16th centuries BC
Johny SYSELJul 13, 2009
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Italy, Sicily, Villa Casale - room of the 10 girls in bikinis180 viewsbuilt 301-325 AD
it was centre of huge latifundium but later it was used for holiday in byzantine and arabic times. It was abandoned in twelfth century.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Villa_Romana_del_Casale
Johny SYSELJul 01, 2009
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Italy, Sicily, Villa Casale134 viewsbuilt 301-325 AD
it was centre of huge latifundium but later it was used for holiday in byzantine and arabic times. It was abandoned in twelfth century.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Villa_Romana_del_Casale
Johny SYSELJul 01, 2009
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Greece, Philippi201 viewsPhilippi is site of famous battle. Marcus Antonius and Octavius defeated Brutus and Cassius.
Philippi is also the first place in Europe where St. Paul evangelized. He was kept in prison there too.
Johny SYSELJul 01, 2009
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Greece, Thasos - agora171 viewsJohny SYSELJul 01, 2009
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Greece, Kos - agora250 viewsKos is place where Hippocrates (father of medicine) was born.Johny SYSELJul 01, 2009
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Greece, Kos - Asclepieion272 viewsparts of column, temple in the back ground.
Kos is place where Hippocrates (father of medicine) was born.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asclepieion
1 commentsJohny SYSELJul 01, 2009
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Cyprus, Paphos - tomb343 viewsTombs were built between 400 BC and 300 AD.1 commentsJohny SYSELJul 01, 2009
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Cyprus, Paphos - theatre314 viewsJohny SYSELJul 01, 2009
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Tunisia, Tunis (Carthage) - bath of Antoninus222 viewsJohny SYSELJul 01, 2009
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Tunisia, Tunis (Carthage) - bath of Antoninus234 viewsJohny SYSELJul 01, 2009
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Tunisia, Tunis (Carthage)347 viewsCarthage was completely destroyed 146 BC so all excavations are from roman times.1 commentsJohny SYSELJul 01, 2009
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Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu159 viewsspace for the warm air that heated the floorpaxJun 29, 2009
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Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu165 viewsremains of the floor of a roman villa (with heating) underneath a 16th cent. farmer housepaxJun 29, 2009
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Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu146 viewsremains of roman villa underneath a 16th cent farmer house, mosaic floorpaxJun 29, 2009
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Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu129 viewsdetail of the fishespaxJun 29, 2009
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Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu137 viewsfrigidarium, cold bath. with fishes paxJun 29, 2009
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Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu168 viewsDetail of mosaic.paxJun 29, 2009
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Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu144 viewsTempel at the site of a Villa Rustica, build in the 1st cent. AD.
Transformed into a church and abandoned in the 6th cent.
paxJun 29, 2009
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Greece, Athens - tower of the Winds349 viewson the Roman agora,
built in 50 BC - maybe earlier
Johny SYSELJun 15, 2009
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Italy, Capua - Amphitheatre224 viewsJohny SYSELJun 10, 2009
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Italy, Capua - Amphitheatre270 viewsJohny SYSELJun 10, 2009
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Italy, Capua - Amphitheatre335 viewsThe second largest amphitheatre ... arena is only 10m shorter and 8m narrower than colosseumJohny SYSELJun 10, 2009
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Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - remains of city wall526 views1 commentsJohny SYSELJun 10, 2009
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Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - Temple of Heracles370 viewsbuilt in 5. century BCJohny SYSELJun 10, 2009
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Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - Temple of Castor and Pollux407 viewsbuilt +- 450 BCJohny SYSELJun 10, 2009
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Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - Temple of Juno330 viewsbuilt in the 5. century BC and burnt in 406 BC by the Carthaginians
used for the celebration of weddings
Johny SYSELJun 10, 2009
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Italy, Sicily, Casale - roman villa - Basin at the entrance238 viewsbuilt 301-325 AD
it was centre of huge latifundium but later it was used for holiday in byzantine and arabic times. It was abandoned in twelfth century.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Villa_Romana_del_Casale
Johny SYSELJun 10, 2009
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Greece, Thasos - theatre180 viewsphoto was taken in 2000
now theatre is reconstructed :-(
Johny SYSELJun 10, 2009
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Italy, Sicily, Taormina - theatre184 viewsJohny SYSELJun 10, 2009
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Italy, Sicily, Taormina - theatre - Etna in the background154 viewscalled Greek theatre but was built by Romans - maybe greek foundationsJohny SYSELJun 10, 2009
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Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - temple of Athena172 viewsbuilt in 480 BC
in 7. century AD adapted to basilica
Johny SYSELJun 10, 2009
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Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - temple of Apollo141 viewsfrom 6. century BC
adapted to a church in Byzantine times and to a mosque under Arab rule
Johny SYSELJun 10, 2009
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Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - amphitheatre158 viewsJohny SYSELJun 10, 2009
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Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - Ear of Dionysius164 viewscave in stone quarries, also used as prisons in ancient timesJohny SYSELJun 10, 2009
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Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - greek theatre155 viewsbuilt in the 5. century BC
15000 spectrators
one of the largest greek theatres
Johny SYSELJun 10, 2009
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Italy, Pompeii - cemetary187 viewsJohny SYSELJun 10, 2009
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