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Indo-Scythian Kings, Azes II, (35 B.C.-5 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, Mitchiner (MIG) VI, Azes II (G) Type 848h, Athena holding spear and shield, #188 viewsIndo-Scythian Kings, Azes II, (35 B.C.-5 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, Mitchiner (MIG) VI, Azes II (G) Type 848h, Athena holding spear and shield, #1
avers: BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN MEΓAΛOY / AZOY (Greek legend "of the Great King of Kings Azes"), Azes II. in military dress, on a horse, holding whip and spear.
reverse: Athena standing right, holding spear and shield, monogram at left and right, Kharoshthi legend around: maharajasa rajadirasa mahatasa / ayasa.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 23,0-25,0mm, weight: 9,67g, axes: 3h,
mint: Azes II, date: 35 B.C.-5 A.D., ref: Mitchiner (MIG) VI, Azes II (G) Type 848h. Taxila Sirsukh B., Chapter 18, page 552, the 21st coin.
4 commentsquadrans06/20/19 at 21:56RL: Great example
RIC 0554 Titus92 viewsT CAES IMP VESP CENS
Laureate bust right

Vespasian seated right on curule chair, with sceptre and branch

Rome, 73 AD

RIC 554 (R) A mule with reverse type of Vespasian


Ex-Jerusalem Haydaya
7 commentsJay GT406/20/19 at 02:02RL: A good catch
Constantius Gallus AE334 viewsConstantius Gallus. 352-354 AD.

Unknown mint.

18 mm., 2.17 g.

D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES. Bust of Constantius Gallus, bareheaded, draped, cuirassed, right

FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO. Soldier, helmeted, draped, cuirassed, advancing left, spearing fallen horseman with right hand and wearing shield on left arm; shield on ground to right; horseman facing soldier, extending left arm

References: RIC VIII 274 or 278

2 commentsRL06/17/19 at 21:38RL: Thanks Randygeki(h2) I think you are right
10 Constantius II51 viewsConstantius II. AE2. Lyons. DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademe, draped, cuirassed bust right, A behind head / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, one knee drawn up, about to spear fallen horseman wearing a Phrygian helmet and is sitting on ground, arms raised. A in left field. Mintmark SLG

RIC Lyons 100
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)06/14/19 at 01:15RL: Seconded
Lokris, Opuntia.25 viewsLokris, Opuntia. 369-338 BC. AR Stater. Head of Persephone r. wreathed with grain. / Ajax of Lokris wearing Corinthian helmet, advancing r. holding sword and large shield decorated with griffin. Spear behind. OΠONTΙΩΝ. VF. BMC 8.14-16; BMC Central 28; BCD Lokris 70-71; HGC 4 #991 (R1); SNG Berry 570; SNG Lockett 1693.
1 commentsChristian T06/08/19 at 20:41RL: Fantastic
Baktria, Eukratides I38 viewsBaktria, Eukratides I. c. 170-145 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.86 gm) Balkh mint. Diademed & draped bust of Eukratides, r. within fillet border. / Dioskouri on rearing horses r., holding spears & palms. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ - ΕΥΚΡΤΙΔΟΥ. Δ monogram to l. & HA to r. FDC. SNG-ANS 434; Bop. 1F MIG type 168c. MACW 1710; HGC 130 R1; Sear 7568.2 commentsChristian T06/05/19 at 22:19RL: Fantastic. Great gallery, you have an amazing coll...
Bull Wrestling Drachm90 viewsThessaly Greece, the City of Larissa

Obv: The hero Thessalos1 to r. naked, except for chlamys around his shoulders and petasos, flying in the air, attached to his neck by a cord, holding with both hands a band that is around the forehead of a bull leaping r. All within a border of dots (not here visible).
Rev: ΛΑΡΙ above, Σ to the r. (not here visible), ΙΑ below (not here visible), bridled horse with trailing rein prancing r., no ground line. All within incuse square.
Denomination: Silver Drachm; Mint: Larissa; Date: c. 420 - 400 BC2; Weight: 6.06g; Diameter: 18mm: Die axis: 270º; References, for example: HGC 4, 423 (same obv.); Lorber 2008, pl. 43, 59 (same dies); BCD Thessaly II 372.7 (same dies).

1Considered the ancestor of all Thessalians. The figure is also sometimes considered to be Jason (of Jason and the Argonauts), who according to one tradition was the father of Thessalos (HGC 4, p. 132).
2This is the date given in HGC 4. According to Lorber 2008 this coin should be placed in the revived bull wrestling drachm coinage, beginning c. 450 - 440 BC.

This type is related to the Thessalian sport of bull wrestling (taurokathapsia) “...regularly showcased at the Taureia games honoring Poseidon Taureios.” (HGC 4, p. 132).

Provenance: from the BCD collection, reportedly found 8 kms west of Pharsalus, May 1997.

Photo credits: Shanna Schmidt Numismatics


BCD Thessaly II: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. The BCD Collection of the Coinage of Thessaly. Triton XV Auction. (3 January 2012, New York).
HGC: Hoover, Oliver D. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Greece: Achaia Phthiotis, Ainis, Magnesia, Malis, Oita, Perrhaibia, Thessaly, Akarnania, Aitolia, Lokris, Phokis, Boiotia, Euboia, Attica, Megaris, and Corinthia, Sixth to First Centuries BC, The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Vol. 4. Lancaster/London: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc, 2014.
Lorber, Catharine C. “Thessalian Hoards and the Coinage of Larissa” in American Journal of Numismatics, second series 20 (2008): 119 - 142.
7 commentsTracy Aiello06/05/19 at 21:48RL: Fantastic
Herennius Etruscus Antoninianus - Herennius as Prince of Youth (RIC 147c)30 viewsAR Antoninianus
Rome 250-251 AD

Obv: Radiate and draped bust of Herennius Etruscus as Caesar (R).

Rev: Herennius, as prince of the youth, standing (L) in military attire, holding baton and transverse spear.

RIC 147c; RSC 26

Leu Numismatik Auction 4, Lot 715, 25/05/19

Herennius Etruscus (227-251 AD) was the elder son of Trajan Decius. He became Caesar in 250 and Augustus in 251, the year he and his father were killed by the Goths at the Battle of Abritus; the first time a Roman Emperor was killed in battle against barbarians. The catastrophic battle against the Gothic king Cniva was fought near Abritus in the Roman province of Moesia Inferior (modern Razgrad, Bulgaria).
1 commentsOptimo Principi05/28/19 at 19:56RL: Fantastic
22125 Caracalla/Dea Caelestis25 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG
Laureate bust right, draped.
Dea Caelestis, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, riding lion over waters.
RIC 130a. 3.00g, 17mm, 6h
Ex Roma Numismatics
AD 204
2 commentsBlayne W05/22/19 at 20:08RL: Great reverse type
Baktria, Indo-Greek kingdom. MENANDER I Soter AR Drachm. EF+. Bust to left holding spear.63 viewsObverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΟΤΗΡΟΣ / ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ. Diademed heroic bust of Menander I to left, seen from behind, wearing aegis over shoulder and brandishing spear.
Reverse: Athena Alkidemos advancing left, shield decorated with aegis over arm, hurling thunderbolt; monogram to right; Karosthi inscription around.

Issued by the mythic king Menander I, the most poweful ruler of the indo-greek kingdom of Baktria and the first western ruler to be converted to Buda´s faith.

EF+ condition, practically uncircullated, conserving absolutely full details in both sides, very bold relief relief and high quality silver.

Bopearachchi 7B. Circa 155-130 b.C. 2,4 g - 16,5 mm
5 commentsMark R105/16/19 at 21:58RL: very nice
Mn. Acilius Glabrio - Salus with Valetudo holding Snake (Crawf. 442/1a)65 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 49 BC

Obv: Laureate head of Salus (R), SALVTIS upward in field.

Rev: Valetudo standing (L), resting l. arm on column and holding snake in r. hand

Crawford 442/1a; Acilia 8; Syd. 922

NAC Auction 114 - Part 1, 06/05/2019, Lot 475
ex. NAC 73, Student and his Mentor part II, 18/11/2013, Lot 176
ex. Nicolas Collection, Etienne-Paul Nicolas (1904-1981), Leu 17, 03/05/1977, Nicolas, Lot 648.
8 commentsOptimo Principi05/06/19 at 19:23RL: Stunning!
RIC 0377 Vespasian Dupondius71 viewsDIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS
Radiate head right

Pax standing left, leaning on column, with caduceus and branch; SC in field

Rome 80-81 AD


RIC 377 (R2) Titus; very rare, only one on coinarchives.


Although the issue is undated it was likely struck on the occasion of Vespasian's deification in 80 AD.
8 commentsJay GT405/06/19 at 11:02RL: Very handsome
AE3 Imitative 30 viewsImitative of coin in the style of Constans, Constantius Gallus or Constantius II

17mm., 2.16g.

Bust, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed, right

Inscription not read [perhaps some variation on FEL TEMP REPARATIO]. Soldier, helmeted, draped, cuirassed, spearing fallen horseman; horseman turning face to soldier, extending left arm


3 commentsRL05/06/19 at 09:29RL: Thanks Mat, it's one of my favourites
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, B//SMSXXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor, and Jupiter, #196 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, B//SMSXXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F)
reverse: IOVI CONSER, Carinus standing right receiving Globe from Jupiter standing left.
exergue: B//SMSXXI, diameter: 21,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,57g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 6th. em., date: 284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 314F,
3 commentsquadrans05/04/19 at 03:49RL: Very attractive
179 Honorius ( 393-423 A.D.), Roma, RIC X 1357P, P/-//RM, AE-4, Nummus, VICTORIA AVG G, Victory walking left, Rare! #189 views179 Honorius ( 393-423 A.D.), Roma, RIC X 1357P, P/-//RM, AE-4, Nummus, VICTORIA AVG G, Victory walking left, Rare! #1
avers: D N HONORIVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: VICTORIA AVG G, Victory walking left, holding wreath and palm branch, P in the left field.
exergue: P/-//RM, diameter: 11,0-11,3 mm, weight: 1,11g, axes: 6h,
mint: Roma, date: 410-423 A.D., ref: RIC X Roma 1357P, Sear 21048, Late Roman Coins 732, C 39, LRBC 828-30, Rare!
2 commentsquadrans05/03/19 at 10:57RL: interesting piece
Gallienus, Hippocamp33 viewsGALLIENVS AVG,
radiate head right

hippocamp springing right

mintmark N

RIC 245, RSC 667; Sear 10292
5 commentsRobin Ayers04/28/19 at 07:03RL: Fantastic detail on the portait and hippocamp
Titus / Pontif Maxim Mule100 viewsTitus. As Caesar, AD 69-79. AR Denarius, Rome mint. Struck under Vespasian, AD 73.
O: Laureate head right; T CAES IMP VESP CENS
R: Vespasian seated right on curule chair, feet on footstool, holding scepter and olive branch.
- RIC II 554 (R) (Vespasian); BMC 113; RSC 158. Struck from the same obverse die as the aureus illustrated for Calicó 746.

An interesting mule. When this coin was struck, Titus was only Pontifex not Pontifex Maximus. The same reverse type was also struck for Titus with his correct titles, PONTIF TRI POT.
The reverse type clearly copies the PONTIF MAXIM Livia seated type of Tiberius. Vespasian may have copied this and other earlier aureus and denarius reverse types as restorations, since he was melting down and recoining the originals to take advantage of Nero's debasement of 64 AD. According to CClay, "Use of the SAME dies for both aurei and denarii was the rule up until Titus and continued in some issues until about Hadrian. Thereafter the style and size of the two denominations diverged, though gold and silver QUINARII often continued to be struck from the same dies."
5 commentsNemonater09/27/18 at 05:30RL: Great coin!
Trajan Denarius - Providentia (RIC 363)37 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 114-117 AD

Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust (R)

Rev: Providentia standing (L), pointing at globe below and holding sceptre, resting elbow on column.
PRO-VID across field.

RIC 363 RSC 314

Naville Numismatics Auction 43, Lot 460
Münzen und Medaillen AG Basel fixed price list 391, 1 July 1977, lot 23
3 commentsKained but Able09/26/18 at 01:07RL: Seconded
Sicily, Syracuse. Timoleon (Circa 344-338 BC)37 viewsÆ Hemidrachm (24.5mm, 15.84 g).

Timoleontic Symmachy coinage. First series.

Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios right; ZΕΥΣ ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΟΣ (Zeus Eleutherios - deliverer of freedom)

Reverse: Upright thunderbolt; barley grain to right; ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ (Syracos)

Castrizio Series I, 1β; CNS 71; HGC 2, 1440.

Timoleon was born to an aristocratic family in Corinth in 411 BC. Little is known of his early life, but in 368 BC he fought as a common soldier in the war between Corinth and Argos. Then, still in the mid-360s BC, Timoleon dramatically murdered his brother, the power-mad and unpopular Timophanes, ending his tyranny at Corinth.

Timoleon isn’t heard from again until two decades later when he was chosen to lead an expedition to Syracuse (Corinth’s former colony) in 344 BC against the dual threat of the tyrant Dionysius II and possible invasion from Carthage. With a force consisting of 700 mercenaries and ten ships, Timoleon arrived at Tauromenium in 344 BC and promptly defeated the tyrant of Leontini, Hicetas, in a battle at Adranum. Once further reinforcements arrived Timoleon then led an attack on Syracuse itself. He was supported by several Sicilian cities tired of Dionysius’ oppressive reign over the region. The campaign was a success and Dionysius II was forced to live in exile back at Corinth.

Timoleon was not allowed to enjoy his success for long, though, as an army from Carthage chose this moment of political instability to invade Sicily yet again in 341 BC. Timoleon engaged the enemy near the river Crimisus (or Krimisos) in the west of the island and, by attacking first when their force was divided by the river and for a second time during a violent thunderstorm, managed to defeat the Carthaginians despite having a much smaller army at his disposal (6,000 against 70,000 according to Plutarch). Although defeated and having lost over 12,000 men, the Carthaginians could still field a sizeable army and cause trouble. The result was a bargain between Timoleon and the Carthaginians in 338 BCE which divided the island into two spheres of influence. He would keep to the eastern half of the island if they stayed in the western part.

Timoleon then proceeded to systematically take over the government of the various tyrannies in his domain, gave cities a greater level of autonomy, and established a new constitution at Syracuse. Shortly thereafter he died peacefully of old age in the mid-330s BC after earlier retiring voluntarily from public office when his eyesight failed. He was buried in the agora of Syracuse and the following inscription was made to commemorate his deeds: ‘He overthrew the tyrants, subdued the barbarians, repopulated the largest of the devastated cities, and then restored their laws to the people of Sicily’ (Plutarch, 187).
2 commentsNathan P08/14/18 at 23:08RL: Great coin and write up
Titus Denarius. 80 AD. Dolphin coiled around anchor.23 viewsObv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head left
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, dolphin coiled around an anchor.
3.2 gm.
1 commentsancientone08/14/18 at 08:37RL: Interesting coin! I like it
1324 Hadrian, Cistophorus MYSIA Pergamum mint Asclepius standing28 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1324; Metcalf 3

Bare head, draped bust right, wearing paludamentum

Asclepius standing l. holding serpent-wreathed rod on ground in r., l. arm at side

10.64 gr
28 mm
2 commentsokidoki08/06/18 at 22:51RL: Another great Hadrian
Marcus Aurelius Aequitas RIC VII 19229 viewsMarcus Aurelius, Denarius, Rome, 19mm, 2.77g, RIC III 192
OBV: M ANTONINVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right.
REV: TR P XXII IMP V COS III, Aequitas standing left with scales and cornucopiae.
2 commentsSRukke12/06/17 at 00:22RL: Seconded
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