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Last comments - Lucas H
Domitian RIC-597112 viewsAR Denarius, 2.60g
Rome mint, 88 AD
RIC 597 (R2). BMC 133 var. RSC - (cf. 77a).
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC; Herald adv. l., with wand and shield
Acquired from Michael Trenerry, August 2017.

An extremely rare example of the Secular Games herald denarius with portrait head left. Probably the fifth recorded specimen. Obverse die match with the RIC plate coin.

Somewhat worn, but nicely centred and in fine style.
6 commentsDavid Atherton10/12/17 at 15:54Lucas H: Same obverse die as mine I think
Titus RIC 35134 viewsAR Denarius, 3.20g
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 35 (R). BMC 11. RSC 268a.
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M•; Head of Titus, Laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P; Venus stg. r. leaning on column, with helmet and spear
Ex CNG E358, 26 August 2015, lot 323.

Titus' 14th imperial acclamation dates between 1 July to at least before 8 September 79 as two documents indicate - one a letter Titus addressed to the city of Munigua on 7 September, and the other a military diploma dated 8 September, both still show him as IMP XIIII. Effectively, this coin was struck during the time of the Mount Vesuvius eruption on 24 August, although the traditional date of the disaster is now disputed and may possibly have been later in the year.

Left facing portraits of Titus are much rarer than right facing, perhaps to a ratio of 1:10. This left facing Venus type from the second issue after 1 July is extremely difficult to find. Listed simply as 'rare' by the new RIC, this is perhaps one of those types which might be a bit rarer than the rating indicates.

Somewhat worn, but nicely centered and in fine style. I've noticed over the years that those denarii of Titus with dots in the legend tend to be of a finer style, such as this coin.
8 commentsDavid Atherton09/02/15 at 09:03Lucas H: OUtstanding, and a good find for a scarce coin.
Vespasian RIC-850146 viewsAR Denarius, 3.44g
Rome Mint, 76 AD
RIC 850 (R2). BMC 279. RSC 554.
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: IOVIS CVSTOS; Jupiter, bearded, naked, standing facing, sacrificing out of patera in r. hand over low garland altar and holding long vertical sceptre in l.
Acquired from Atlantis, August 2004.

Rare with left facing portrait.
2 commentsVespasian7008/13/15 at 14:18Lucas H: stellar example of a scarce coin. All of the exam...
GLORIA EXERCITVS - Soldiers with standards - Constantius II34 viewsĆ Follis (1.9 g, 18 mm) Mint constantinople.
Struck CE. 330 - 333

Constantius II, bust draped and cuirassed bust right

GLORIA.EXERCITVS (Glory to the army) In exergue: CONSS(?)
Two soldiers with two standards between them

Reference I: Constantinople RIC VII 61, S
Reference II: Sear 3986

This was my first roman coin.

I apologize for the mediocre photography. If there is anything wrong with the information provided(I expect there to be... I am but a novice), please comment!
1 commentsjulienso4207/21/15 at 12:19Lucas H: Don't apologize for the photography, it's ...
RESTITVT ORBIS - Silvered (?) Antoninianus - Probus49 viewsSilvered Ć Antoninianus (4.4 g, 22.5 mm) Mint Antioch.
Struck CE. 276 - 282

Probus, radiate, draped, and cuirassed facing right.

RESTITUT ORBIS, In exergue XXI, in center field Δ.
Female figure standing right presenting wreath to emperor holding globe and scepter

Reference I: Constantinople RIC V part II Antioch 925 D
Reference II: Sear 12021

This was an inexperienced eBay purchase (from before my knowledge to avoid that!), and I have been wondering about the legitimacy of the silvering...

If there is anything wrong with the information provided, please feel free to comment!
3 commentsjulienso4207/21/15 at 12:17Lucas H: Very Nice
domitian as caesar goat wreath.jpg
Domitian as Caesar RIC-267123 viewsAR Denarius, 3.09g
Rome Mint, 80 AD (Titus)
RIC 267(C). BMC 88. RSC 390.
Obv: CAESAR DIVI F DOMITIANVS COS VII•; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS; Goat standing l., in laurel-wreath.
Acquired from Aegean Numismatics, August 2007.

Issued during Titus' reign, this coin's reverse depicts Amalthea, the Cretan goat which nursed the infant Jupiter. An obvious allusion to Domitian being the next in line to the throne.

A nicely centered coin in decent shape of this unusual reverse type. A welcome addition to my growing Domitian as Caesar denarii.
1 commentsVespasian7006/20/15 at 13:25Lucas H: Excellent centering and nice legends
Vespasian RIC II 1427 Variant63 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. Ephesus Mint. 77-78 A.D. (2.98g, 17.4mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR PPP, laureate head right. Rev: AVG in oak wreath (no mark). RIC II 1427 Varian.

The interest in this coin is its identity. The Ephesus mint issued the AVG in an oak wreath with EPHE, V1427. I have carefully examined this coin in various types of light, with, and without a loop and other types of magnification. The tassel above the bottom of the wreath is clearly visible and not that worn, and any issue mark would likely be visible in that area. It is my opinion there is no mint or issue mark on this coin.

David Atherton, another Flavian collector at the Forum has a Vespasian 1429 with no mint mark and a Titus as Caesar V1444 with no mint mark as well making it possible there was a series in Ephesus in 71 A.D. without the marks.
3 commentsLucas H04/21/15 at 09:42Lucas H: okay. I misunderstood your email when we were dis...
vesp den eagle.JPG
Vespasian RIC-848 (1)211 viewsAR Denarius, 3.29g
Rome mint, 76 AD
RIC 848 (C). BMC 184. RSC 120.
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: COS VII across field; Eagle head l. standing on thunderbolt, on Altar. Very uncommon with thunderbolt showing.
Acquired from Bart Lewis, February 2004.

The BMCR speculates this reverse commemorates the passing of Mucianus 'the Emperor-maker', the former governor of Syria who helped Vespasian come to power. The eagle is a symbol of the afterlife.

A left facing bust of this type which is a bit scarcer than the right facing one.
5 commentsVespasian7004/19/15 at 13:57Lucas H: I've never see any of this series with the ega...
vesp fides pvbl.JPG
Vespasian RIC-520109 viewsAR Denarius, 3.46g
Rome Mint, 73 AD
RIC 520 (C). BMC 86. RSC 164.
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII CEN; Head of Vespasian, laureate r.
Rev: FIDES PVBL; Clasped hands holding winged caduceus upright, between poppy and corn-ear on either side
Acquired privately from Beast Coins, January 2006.

A reverse type that has many different interpretations. The BMCRE states "the clasped hands symbolize concord, the caduceus commercial prosperity, and the poppy and corn ears for agriculture." The legend FIDES PVBL means the promise of public protection.

Another hard to find reverse type. The above picture is a preliminary dealer picture. The reverse is a bit off center, but the coin is in excellent condition.
2 commentsVespasian7010/14/14 at 20:00Lucas H: for a coi listed as common (C) in the updated RIC,...
Anonymous, Aes Rude30 viewsAnonymous. 5th-4th century B.C. Ć aes rude (38x30x19 mm, 78.11 g). Irregular cast bronze. Thurlow & Vecchi pl. 2. 1 commentsecoli09/16/14 at 21:24Lucas H: Outstanding addition to any Roman collection. Alw...
RPC-2411-Vespasian79 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 12.79g
Alexandria mint, 69-70 AD
RPC 2411 (43 spec.).
Obv: AYTOK KAIΣ ΣEBA OYEΣΠAΣIANOY; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r., date LB before neck
Rev: EI-PH-NH; Eirene standing l., with corn-ears and caduceus
Acquired from MUSA, August 2014.

Alexandria was the first city to proclaim for Vespasian in July 69 and most likely was the first mint to strike coins for him. This coin is dated year 2. Alexandrian years began on 29 August, so it was minted between 29 August 69 and 28 August 70. Vespasian did not initially accept the title ΣEBA (Augustus) on the year one issue, but did so by year 2. The reverse type of Eirene was quite a common reverse and was a very appropriate type for the new emperor to strike during an ongoing civil war. The Alexandrian tetradrachm was worth the same as a denarius.

A really great example of the type in wonderful Alexandrian style.
3 commentsDavid Atherton08/05/14 at 13:13Lucas H: Different for your collection. Branching out?
Domitian RIC-74260 viewsAR Denarius, 3.40g
Rome mint, 92-93 AD
RIC 742 (C3). BMC 207. RSC 278.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with spear (M4)

92 AD saw the largest denarius issues of Domitian's reign. This coin was minted after his 14 September accession date when he became TR P XII. Remarkably, Domitian did not hold the consulship in 93, so this issue cannot be dated as closely as normal and extends to 13 September 93, dated by his tribunician title only.

Stylistically this portrait exhibits the typical characteristics of the issue.
2 commentsDavid Atherton05/19/14 at 14:06Lucas H: You've made remarkable progress on your Domiti...
Domitian RIC-730a77 viewsAR Denarius, 3.40g
Rome mint, 92 AD
RIC 730a (C3). BMC 189. RSC 274.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P; Minerva stg. r. on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to r., owl (M2)
Acquired from Wayne C. Phillips, January 2014.

The first issue of 92, of which this coin is from, was large indeed, certainly one of the largest of the reign. Ian Carradice conducted a die study of this issue and determined the mint was divided into officina based on the separate Minerva reverse types, much like it had been in 81-82, after an apparent hiatus.

Historical note: Domitian was campaigning against the Suebi and Sarmatians during 92, perhaps accounting for such a large issue.

A very common coin in uncommonly good style.
3 commentsDavid Atherton01/31/14 at 10:52Lucas H: Very nice portrait!
Domitian RIC-574172 viewsAR Denarius, 3.12g
Rome mint, 88 AD
RIC 574 (R2). BMC - . RSC - .
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VII; Bust of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r. with aegis
Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS P P P; Minerva adv. r., with spear and shield (M1)
Ex Lanz, eBay, 20 October 2013.

Early in 88 AD a special series of denarii were issued by Domitian. Style wise they are very fine and feature some rare obverse variants. I wish to present a denarius from the series which shows Domitian with aegis, the first time seen on his precious metal coinage since 84-85. Several other types in the series fully spell out "GERMAN" in the obverse instead of using the more frequent abbreviated "GERM". Why does this series contain the only example of Domitian with aegis after 85? Is there a special purpose for it?

If one is to look for anything of importance that occurred in 88, one would be hard pressed to find anything more important than the Secular Games - which indeed has known reverse types that commemorate it. Does the fine style of the series in question, combined with the only known aegis portrait issued after 85, and other coins fully spelling "GERMAN" point to a Secular Games commemorative issue? Perhaps this is the first series which commemorates the event before the specific reverse types (herald and cippus) were drawn up.

Needless to say the coin is very rare. Ian Carradice did not record the type in his 1983 monograph 'Coinage and Finances in the Reign of Domitian'. Shares the same aureus reverse die as the RIC 571 plate coin. Another example of the type from different dies was recently sold in the Harry Sneh Gemini X auction and in June 2015 Forvm member timka posted an example. These are the only three I've ever seen in trade.

Struck on a large flan (20mm) in excellent metal with dark toning.
4 commentsDavid Atherton11/04/13 at 11:05Lucas H: Outstanding! You have the eye for finding the rar...
Domitian RIC-69268 viewsAR Denarius, 3.30g
Rome mint, 90 AD
RIC 692 (C2). BMC 168. RSC 259.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with spear (M4)
Acquired from Lucernae, eBay, October 2013.

Domitian's denarii arguably reached a high watermark stylistically between 84-88 AD. After which there are only intermittent flashes of fine styled portraiture in the massive issues produced in the last third of the reign. Here is one such coin engraved in a fine style, fully centered with good fabric.

No major military activity is recorded for the year this coin was struck, so no new imperial acclamations were awarded to Domitian.
3 commentsDavid Atherton10/25/13 at 09:54Lucas H: I like the eye on this one.
Vespasian RIC II 001664 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 70 A.D., Jan.-June. (3.21g, 18mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: CAESAR AVG F COS CAESAR AVG F PR, heads of Titus, bare, right, and Domitian, bare, left, confronting. RIC II 16 (R). BMC 2. RSC 5.

Not surprisingly, his sons and the conquest of Judaea were the first issues addressed in Vespasian’s precious metal coinage. I have really wanted one of these early, dynastic types, for my collection. Although listed as rare (R) by the RIC they are out there. It was just a function of finding the right balance between condition and budget which this example managed for me.
6 commentsLucas H10/24/13 at 10:12Lucas H: Thanks David, you saved me from buying a fake last...
Domitian RIC-78997 viewsAR Denarius, 3.47g
Rome mint, 95-96 AD
RIC 789 (C2). BMC 234. RSC 291.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XV; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with thunderbolt and spear, shield at her l. side (M3)
Acquired from Roma Numismatics, August 2013.

Between September 95 and September 96 Domitian struck his last great issue of denarii. The series varies wildly in quality - some denarii it seems were struck in a bit of a hurry (ragged flans and bad style), while others were more carefully crafted with better quality control. Domitian's hand, it seems, may not have been as firmly on the mint's tiller as in times past.

This denarius was struck in that same great issue and exhibits some of its better qualities. For a start, the centering is spot on and the flan is almost perfect. Style wise we see the Flavian baroque (ostentatious and overdone) which is very much in evidence on certain denarii from 88 onwards. Here the elaborate hairstyle, plump face, and gaudy laurel wreath (crowding into the legend) shows off this baroque style in fine fashion. A skilled engraver's handiwork in the then fashionable court style. Also of note, many of the portraits from this time (such as the current example) show a Domitian with slightly raised 'eyes toward heaven' - which Mattingly postulated as 'lofty aspirations'.

4 commentsDavid Atherton08/30/13 at 13:19Lucas H: Very nice.
46-45 BC Gauis Julius Caesar90 viewsDiademed head of Venus right, small cupid at shoulder behind

trophy of Gallic arms between two seated male and female captives

Spain 46-45 BC

Sear 1404

ex-Calgary coins

Minted for the Spanish campaign against the Pompey brothers, the obverse of this series is occupied by the head of Venus, ancestress of the Julia gens along with a small Cupid identifying her as Venus Genetrix. Caesar had recently dedicated a temple in the forum to her. The reverse revives the theme of victory in Gaul probably to remind his veteran legions of the glory and success in years past. These veterans who were overdue for discharge were now being called on to face the Pompeian threat for the third time in two and a half years.

SOLD Forum Auction May 2016
2 commentsJay GT408/14/13 at 13:40Lucas H: The capive on the right is sometimes described as ...
RIC 0042 Vespasian Denarius 159 viewsIMP CAES VESP AVG PM
laureate head of Vespasian right

simpulum, sprinkler, jug and lituus (emblems of the augurate and pontificate)

Rome 70-71 AD

Sear 2281; RIC II, part 1, 42 (R)


Rare! Only one specimen in the Reka Devnia hoard, compared to 36 with TRI POT.
5 commentsJay GT408/14/13 at 13:38Lucas H: Nice weight on that one too!
Tiberius Tribute Penny165 viewsTI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS
Laureate head of Tiberius right

Livia seated right holding scepter and branch, legs on char ornamented, feet on footstool

Lugdunum after 16 AD


Sear 1763, RIC 26

Ex-Calgary coin
3 commentsJay GT408/14/13 at 13:37Lucas H: Iconic. Every early empire collector should have ...
RIC 0944 Vespasian denarius101 viewsIMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG
Laur. head facing left

Pair of oxen under yoke

Rome 77-78 AD


RIC 944 (C)

Scarce with Vespasian facing left!
7 specimens in Reka Devinia hoard although RIC rates it as common.

Ex-Pegasi Numismatics
4 commentsJay GT408/14/13 at 13:36Lucas H: The left facing is difficult to find. Outstanding...
RIC 0362 Vespasian Victoria denarius 72 AD96 viewsIMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII
laureate head of Vespasian right

Victory advancing right, placing wreath on standard and holding palm

Rome 72 AD

RIC II 362 (C2), Sear 2317,


ex-Ancient Auction House

wildwinds example!
2 commentsJay GT408/14/13 at 13:35Lucas H: Well centerd example
RIC 0360 Vespasian denarius87 viewsIMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII
laureate head right

Vesta standing left holding simpulum and sceptre

Rome 72 AD

Sear 2316, RIC 360 (C2), RSC 574


1 commentsJay GT408/14/13 at 13:34Lucas H: Nice portrait on this one. You've had a busy ...
Mark Antony Scarpus denarius101 viewsM ANTO COS III IMP III
Head of Jupiter Ammon right

Victory walking right holding wreath and palm

Cyrene summer of 31 BC
Sear 1486

In the will of Caesar, Scarpus received one eighth of certain legacies after the legacies given to Octavian. He along with his cousins from the will became heirs to his great uncle.

Scarpus became an ally to Mark Antony and commanded for him against the war on Marcus Brutus and Cassius Longinus. In the years leading up to Actium 31 BC, Antony appointed Scarpus to the military command of Cyrenaica. Scarpus had with him four legions to command. During his time in Cyrenaica Scarpus had control of the currency mint in Cyrene, as he became a moneyer. Scarpus had issued various coins bearing Antony’s name and Scarpus’ name was inscripted as an issuer of these coins.

After Antony & Cleopatra were defeated by Octavian at Actium, Scarpus withdrew his support from Antony and gave his support (including his legions) to Octavian. Antony after the defeat sailed back to North Africa and sent messengers to Scarpus for help.
Scarpus refused to see Antony’s messengers and put them to death. He gave his legions to Gaius Cornelius Gallus, Octavian’s lieutenant to command.

Augustus then appointed his cousin as Governor of Cyrenaica. Scarpus as he did for Antony, became a moneyer and issued various coins bearing Augustus’ name. On these coins, Scarpus had his name inscripted as an issuer of the coins.
2 commentsJay GT408/14/13 at 13:28Lucas H: I've never seen this issue. Outstanding wrigh...
RPC 1650 Vespasian & Titus Didrachm137 viewsAVTOKPA KAICAP OVECPACIANOC CEBACTOC
laureate head of Vespasian right

laureate head of Titus right.

Caesarea, Cappadocia.
78 AD


RPC 1650, Metcalf 4.

Ex-Calgary Coins
7 commentsJay GT408/14/13 at 13:27Lucas H: You have to be happy with a dual portrait!
Domitian RIC-343100 viewsAR Denarius, 3.34g
Rome mint, 85 AD
RIC 343 (R2). BMC p. 317, *. RSC 187.
Obv: IMP•CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP•VIIII COS XI CENS POT•P•P•; Minerva stg. r. on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to r., owl (M2)
Ex Berk 186, 21 August 2013, lot 229.

This rare denarius is part of the fifth issue of 85, minted soon after Domitian reformed the coinage a second time by slightly reducing the silver fineness to the Neronian standard.

A very handsome coin in hand struck on a large flan with a stylish portrait.
6 commentsDavid Atherton08/10/13 at 10:04Lucas H: And continuing with with outstanding rare Domitian...
RIC 0790 Domitian Denarius 109 viewsIMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR PXV
laur. head right


Minerva standing left holding spear left hand on side

95 AD

RIC 790 (C2)



ex-Arcade Coins
5 commentsJay GT408/03/13 at 16:28Lucas H: Nice one!
01 Domitian as Caesar RIC 541330 viewsAR Denarius, 3.46g
Rome mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
RIC 541 (R2). BMC 129 var. RSC 664.
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMIT COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: No legend; Domitian on horse l.; r. hand raised, sceptre in l.
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 701. = Helios, ebay, 29 November 2010 (A. Lynn Collection).

This is an extremely rare denarius of Domitian as Caesar, the second earliest minted at Rome. Here the legend is clockwise, the much more common Domitian on horseback type has the legend anticlockwise. The reverse may allude to Domitian's participation in Vespasian and Titus' joint triumph where he rode a 'magnificent' steed. The obverse is a die match with the RIC plate coin from Oxford.

The early portrait on this one is quite outstanding.
18 commentsDavid Atherton07/29/13 at 16:14Lucas H: outstanding.
319/1 Q. Minucius Thermus26 viewsQ. Minucius Thermus M.f. AR denarius. Rome Mint. 103 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Mars left. Rev: Roman soldier fighting barbarian soldier in protection of fallen comrade, Q THERM M F in exergue.
Syd592; Minucia 19; Crawford 319/1
1 commentsPaddy07/25/13 at 08:39Lucas H: I love the theme of this reverse! Defending a fal...
RIC 1406 Vespasian Ephesus denarius270 viewsIMP CAES VESPAS AVG
Laureate head of Vespasian right

Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm, tilted Φ before her right foot.

Ephesus mint

69/70 AD


RIC 1406 (R ). BMCRE 435. RPC 812 (8 specimens cited).

Released from an NGC slab. Graded as a fouree but shows no signs of plating. This is an official coin!

Ex-Ancient Galleon
8 commentsJay GT407/17/13 at 14:49Lucas H: Very nice. No signs of fouree. It just goes to s...
Vespasian - [RIC 522, BMCRE 87, RSC 432 var. (CENS)]144 viewsSilver denarius, 3.52g, 19.55mm, 0 degree, Rome mint, 73 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII CEN, laureate head right

Rev. - SALVS AVG; Salus seated left, holding patera in extended right hand

Salus is depicted twice on Vespasian denarii. This example, with the longer COS IIII obverse legend, is the rarer of the two types.

The obverse portrait on this example is extraordinarily realistic, capturing a life-like personification of the emperor. The reverse braided hairstyle of Salus is also of note, as it does not appear to be the typical depiction for these coins.

There also appears to be some minor die clogging on the reverse in ex.

Purchased from eBay

Sold 25Apr2015 to Lucas Harsh Collection
8 commentsrenegade322007/17/13 at 13:50Lucas H: Another good fine. Excellent portrait
Vespasian - [RIC 520, BMCRE 86, RSC 164]62 viewsSilver denarius, 3.08g, 18.63mm, 0 degree, Rome mint, 73 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII CEN, laureate head right

Rev. - FIDES PVBL, clasped hands holding winged caduceus upright, between poppy and corn-ear on either side

Although considered "common" this reverse type is hard to find in trade.

Purchased from Lucernae on
3 commentsrenegade322007/17/13 at 13:49Lucas H: well centered, and excellent example.
Vespasian - [RIC 1555, BMCRE 506, RSC 274]60 viewsSilver denarius, 2.98g, 17.44mm, 165 degree, Antioch mint, 72 A.D.

Obv. - [IMP CAE]S VESP AVG PM COS IIII, laureate head right

Rev. - NEP RED, Neptune standing left, naked but for cloak, right foot on globe, right knee bent, holding aphlaston (acrostolium) in right hand which rests on knee, and vertical scepter in left

Neptune head weak, uneven yet attractive toning, high relief obverse typical of this mint slightly off center.

Purchased from eBay
3 commentsrenegade322007/01/13 at 08:27Lucas H: Very nice. High relief portraits are typical of t...
RIC 0772 Vespasian denarius 91 viewsIMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG
laur. head right

Pax seated left holding olive branch, left hand at side

Rome 75 AD

Sear 2301
RIC 772 (C3)


2 commentsJay GT406/29/13 at 11:26Lucas H: nice toning
Mark Antony Legionary denarius LEG X IMPVESP138 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
Galley r. mast with banners at prow
IMPVESP counter mark above galley

Legionary eagle between two standards IMPVESP countermark

Patrae mint 32-31BC



Obverse countermarked IMPVESP during Vespasian's reign showing this denarius was in circulation for well over 100 years! In hand I can make out X for the legion number but can't be sure if any other numerals appear after it. This countermark appears mostly on late Republican and Imperatorial denarii, although denarii of Augustus and denarii of the Flavians struck at Ephesus are also recorded. The MP VES countermarks circulated specifically within the province of Asia Minor. Martini noted that the output of silver coinage in relation to the civic bronze for this region was much smaller during the Julio-Claudian period. This suggests the denarii were countermarked to validate locally circulating silver coinage at an acceptable weight while the regional mints opened by Vespasian were gearing up production, a theory which the countermarking of cistophori with the contemporary MP VES AVG countermarks seems to support. The similarly countermarked Flavian denarii struck at Ephesus can be accounted for then as examples accidentally countermarked by unobservant mint workers during the transition.

LEG X (later called Gemina) was levied in 59 BC or earlier by Julius Caesar. It was the first legion levied by him personally and was raised in Spain. It played a major role in the Gallic war featuring prominently in Caesar's "Gallic Wars." Legio X was his most trusted and loyal Legion. In 45 BC the Legion was disbanded and given land grants in Southern Gaul.

During the civil war that followed Caesar's assassination, Legio X was reconstituted by Lepidus in the winter of 44/43 BC making use of many retired legionaries who re-enlisted. It was eventually turned over to Antony and fought for him until the final Battle of Philippi. The veterans obtained lands near Cremona, and an inscription reports that the name of the legion at the time was Veneria, "devoted to Venus." This alluded to Julius Caesar's claimed descent from Venus.

The newly levied Tenth was then taken by Antony to Armenia for his Parthian campaign. During Antony's civil war, the legion fought for him until his defeat at the Battle of Actium, after which the legion changed sides and moved into Octavian's army. They were then taken to Egypt to finish off Antony and Cleopatra. Octavian never fully trusted the 10th Legion as it had been fiercely loyal to both Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. After Antony's death Octavian left the legion in the East in Syria. In 29 BC the legion was due to be discharged. When the legionaries pressed for their release and land grants Octavian was slow in complying. Suetonius says that the entire legion rioted and Octavian dishonorably discharged the entire legion.

Octavian now recruited new legionaries to fill the 10th Legion in its traditional recruiting grounds of Spain. Some of the senior Centurions may have re-enlisted for a third term to serve with the 10th. These men would have been in their late 40's or early 50's. The new legionaries marched over land to Syria to take up their posting. The new 10th Legion's home base was on the Euphrates to keep an eye on the Parthians.

The next discharge date would be 14-13 BC. This time the 10th Legion was settled in Beirut and the city was given Colony status. Ten years later the 10th Legion under Publius Quintilius Varus was marched down to Jerusalem to garrison the city after Herod the Great died. The 10th Legion would remain in Jerusalem until 6 AD.
5 commentsJay GT406/29/13 at 11:26Lucas H: IMPVESP used early by Vespasian. A very scarce ty...
RIC 1421 Vespasian Ephesus denarius116 viewsIMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR P P P
Laureate head of Vespasian right

Victory advancing left with wreath and palm; horizontal Φ


Ephesus mint

70 AD


RIC 1421 (R), BMCRE 446, RSC 278

Ex-Roy's Coins

The BY mint mark is faintly visible in the lower left reverse.

New Photo
7 commentsJay GT406/29/13 at 11:24Lucas H: Very nice. See, you don't need the fouree :-...
Domitian RIC-597A172 viewsAR Denarius, 2.96g
Rome mint, 88 AD
RIC 597A (R2). BMC - . RSC - .
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM P M TR P VIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC; Herald adv. l., with wand and shield
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh collection, lot 728.

A unique denarius that is a variant of RIC 597 and 598, both of which feature the same reverse type with obverse head left but differ in regards to the legend - 597 has DOMIT instead of DOMITIAN clockwise, and 598 has the same legend but anti-clockwise. Harry Sneh notified Ian Carradice of this new variant and the coin has been assigned 597A in the upcoming RIC II addenda.

The reverse type is part of the third series of denarii struck in 88 which commemorates Domitian's Secular Games and features the herald announcing them.

Some corrosion, but nicely centered with a neat portrait.

*Update* The upcoming RIC II.1 Addenda cites another specimen: G&N 9, 3 November 2013, lot 465.

7 commentsDavid Atherton06/25/13 at 09:51Lucas H: Very nice. Let me know which Vespasian you want i...
Domitian RIC-58068 viewsAR Denarius, 3.31g
Rome mint, 88 AD
RIC 580 (C3). BMC 119. RSC 234.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her l. side (M3)

This very common denarius of 88 AD is part of the large first issue of denarii minted before September, the largest issue of the reign up to that point. Even with the mint striking such a large issue this coin shows high standards were still being maintained.

Well centered with an artistic, icy cool portrait.
4 commentsDavid Atherton06/25/13 at 09:50Lucas H: very nice
Minima of Caesarea70 viewsCaesarea Maritima mint. AE 6 mm, 0.35 g. 2nd Century CE. Obverse: Bust (Hercules?) right. Reverse: Boar or wolf standing right. H. Hamburger "Minute Coins from Caesarea Maritima," (Atiqot vol. 1, 1954), #57. BCC m41.

This is one of the smallest coin types mentioned in Hamburger. Stunning black Caesarea-style patina. Coin much nicer in hand then in picture.

During the second century CE, a small unofficial mint in Caesarea, a city on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in modern-day Israel, was established to mint large quantities of small denominations, perhaps because there was a lack of small denominations in the region. These "minimai" are usually very crude imitations of earlier official issues. H. Hamburger estimated that only 1 in 10 minimai have identifiable designs due the excessive wear that is usually found on these coins.

Ex. Coll: J. Berlin, Caesarea series.
1 commentsAarmale06/23/13 at 14:48Lucas H: Outstanding addition, and a subject near and dear ...
Titus RIC II 011527 viewsTitus 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 1 Jan. –June 30 A.D. (2.93g, 18mm, 6h). Obv: IMP TITUS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right. Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, elephant, cuirassed, standing left. RIC 115, RSC 303. CNG 263/314.

Issued contemporaneously with the pulvinaria series, this type lends credence to the theory those coins were minted to commemorate the opening of the Colosseum. Although showing some wear, this example is well centered and has complete and clear legends on the obverse and reverse.
2 commentsLucas H06/20/13 at 09:18Lucas H: Thanks. These 5 added yesterday were older coins ...
ROMAN LEAD IMPERIAL SEAL – FIRST TETRARCHY, C. AD 294135 viewsThe four tetrarchs sacrificing above tripod

15x17mm; 4.68g;

conical shape; fine

Note: This scene of the four tetrarchs sacrificing is well known from argentei of the First Tetrarchy, albeit there is a turreted enclosure in the background. This seal must be dated at approximately the same time these coins were minted.

From the Gert Boersema sold files
1 commentsJay GT406/14/13 at 11:00Lucas H: Awsome!
RIC 0342 Domitianus70 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V, Laureate head right
Rev: IMP VIIII COS XI CENS POT P P, Minerva advancing right, with spear and shield
Silver Denarius mm. 20,17 g 3,32 die-axis 6 h - Struck in Rome 85 A.D. (5th issue)
RIC 342 (R2) - RSC unlisted - BMC unlisted
2 commentsFlaviusDomitianus06/14/13 at 10:46Lucas H: Very nice scarce Domitian!
RPC II 1958 Vespasianus40 viewsObv: AYTOKPA OYEΣΠAΣIANOC KAIΣAP CεBACTOC, Laureate head of Vespasian, right
Rev: ETOYΣ NEOY IEPOY B, Eagle with wreath in beak standing, left, on club; in left field, palm branch
Silver Tetradrachm - mm 27.78 g 13.58 die axis 12 h - Struck in Antiochia ad Orontem (Syria, Seleucis and Pieria) 69-70 A.D.
RPC 1958 - Prieur 122
1 commentsFlaviusDomitianus06/14/13 at 10:41Lucas H: Perhaps struck to pay the eastern legions.
RPC II 0322 Domitianus36 viewsObv: KAICAP ΔOMITIANOΣ, Laureate head of Domitian right
Rev: ΘECCAΛONIKEΩN, Nike holding wreath and palm, standing right
AE27 - 26.94 mm 15.56 g 6h - Struck in Thessalonica (Macedonia)
RPC 322
1 commentsFlaviusDomitianus06/14/13 at 10:40Lucas H: Very nice.
Vespasian - [RIC II 357 (Titus), RSC 497] 101 viewsSilver denarius, VF, toned, 2.89g, 18mm, 0 degree, Rome mint, Struck under Titus 80-81 A.D.

Obv. - DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS, laureate head right

Rev. - Capricorns set on globe supporting clippeus inscribed S C

Reverse slightly off center

Purchased from Holyland Numismatics
3 commentsrenegade322003/09/13 at 13:32Lucas H: Nice example. The SC is almost always obliterated...
Vespasian - [RIC 980, BMCRE 216, RSC 216]85 viewsSilver denarius, 3.39g, 19mm, 180 degree, Rome mint, 77-78 A.D.

Obv. - CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVS, laureate head right

Rev. - IMP-XIX, modius standing on three legs, containg five ears of corn upright and two hanging over the sides

Engraver error on obverse in which AVG is AVS.

Purchased from eBay

Sold 25Apr2015 to Lucas Harsh Collection
5 commentsrenegade322003/09/13 at 13:31Lucas H: Outstanding example of the type.
Domitian RIC II 0601A114 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 88 A.D. (2.78g, 18.5mm, 6h) Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP VIII, laureate head left. Rev: COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC inscribed on column; to r., incense burner; further r., Herald stgl l., with wand and shield. RIC 601A (R3). Ex Harry N. Sneh via David Atherton.

This coin is thus far unique and unpublished. It was found by a metal detector in Hushwaite, North Hampshire in 2009. Carradice was made aware of the coin in 2010, and it should be assigned 601A in the upcoming RIC II addenda. The actual find is registered at the UKDFD site Ref No: 16818.
7 commentsLucas H03/06/13 at 11:03Lucas H: That could be, but if there is one in North Hampsh...
Domitian RIC-841151 viewsAR Cistophorus, 9.81g
Rome mint (for Asia), 82 AD
RIC 841 (C). BMC 251. RSC 23. RPC 864 (8 spec.).
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG P M COS VIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: CAPIT across field, RESTIT in exergue; Temple of Capitoline Jupiter with 4 columns enclosing figures of Juno, seated Jupiter and Minverva
Acquired from Tom Cederlind, February 2013.

In 80 AD while Titus was away in Campania surveying the damage Vesuvius had caused in the region the previous Fall, a devastating fire broke out in Rome, damaging much of the city center. One of the most important buildings affected by the fire was the Temple of Capitoline Jupiter, rebuilt recently by Vespasian. It being the most sacred and important building in Rome, Titus began rebuilding it immediately. Construction was still ongoing when Titus died of natural causes in September of 81. Domitian completed the structure the following year and it was said no expense was spared. The building Domitian dedicated was a lavish structure, magnificent in appearance featuring Pentelic marble, gold plated doors, and a roof of gilded bronze.

This cistophorus minted in Rome for export to Asia Minor commemorates the new Temple of Jupiter Domitian bestowed on Rome. Curiously, although the building featured six columns, only four are seen here. Statues of the deities Juno, Jupiter (seated) and Minverva can be seen between the columns.

A most wonderful coin in hand.
8 commentsDavid Atherton02/26/13 at 12:01Lucas H: Amazing. I've never seen that one in trade be...
Domitian RIC 20154 viewsAR Denarius, 3.02g
Rome mint, 81 AD
RIC 20 (R2). BMC - . RSC - .
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS VII DES VIII P P; Altar, garlanded and lighted
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 707. Acquired from Freeman & Sear in 2009, from the A. Lynn Collection. Ex. Hauck & Aufhauser 17, 18 March 2003, lot 258. Ex G. Hirsch 3, April 1954, lot 323.

This type is quite rare with the legend omitting TR P. Only two specimens are cited by RIC, this coin from the Hauck & Aufhauser 17 auction and another in a private collection.
The reverse type of an Altar with Flame is part of the "pulvinaria" series issued by Titus and Domitian as part of the commemorative issue for the opening games of the Colosseum. It is a carry-over reverse from Domitian as Caesar.

Toned and in excellent condition. An exquisite example of early Domitianic coinage.
11 commentsDavid Atherton02/18/13 at 10:58Lucas H: Outstanding rarity as always in your collection.
Mark Antony Legionary denarius LEG IIII124 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

legionary eagle between two standards


Patrae mint 32-31BC

Sear Imperator's 353; Crawford 544/16; Cohen 29

Ex-Gutierrez Ruesga Spain


This type with LEG IIII rather than LEG IV is quite rare. No examples were found in the Delos Hoard of 1905

In its first years, the whereabouts of IV Scythica are uncertain, although it is probable that it took part in Antony's campaign against the Parthians. The name suggests that it fought against the Scythians. After the battle of Actium and Antony's suicide, Octavian transferred IV Scythica to the Danube province of Moesia. The legion is reported to have taken part in civilian tasks, such as the building and keeping of roads. In his youth, future emperor Vespasian served in this legion.

SOLD! Forum Auction January 2017
1 commentsJay GT402/14/13 at 11:46Lucas H: I'm jealous of this one! Keep your eye out fo...
Roman Empire, Vespasian RIC 94146 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 941 (C), BMC 210, RSC 136
Obv - IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev - COS VIII; Prow r. : above, star of eight rays
2 commentsDavid Atherton02/09/13 at 14:20Lucas H: I've never seen detail like that on the prow!
Antony & The 12 Caesars253 viewsA variation on my other virtual coin trays. This one includes a lifetime portrait of Julius Caesar. It's difficult choosing which coin to include in this set, in some cases I only had one (Galba, Otho) but others I had many more to choose from. I do have better portraits of some but I thought these had more interesting reverse types or portrait styles:

Marcus Antonius denarius
Julius Caesar denarius
Augustus denarius
Tiberius denarius
Caligula AE As
Claudius AE As
Nero Dupondius
Galba AE As
Otho Tetradrachm
Vitellius denarius
Vespasian denarius
Titus denarius
Domitian denarius

Image is clickable for larger size.
To see the coins individually see them in my gallery.
9 commentsJay GT402/09/13 at 13:13Lucas H: Outstanding!
Domitian RIC-572104 viewsAR Denarius, 3.42g
Rome mint, 88 AD
RIC 572 (C3). BMC 115. RSC 235.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS P P P; Minerva adv r., with spear and shield (M1)
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, group lot 806. Ex Helios, November 2010 (A. Lynn Collection).

A common type from a common issue - however, the portrait is stylistically quite well done. Do not think for a moment this is how Domitian appeared in reality! The portraits of Domitian after the mint overhaul earlier in the reign became quite idealised. Those of 88 AD contain some of the finest examples of this style.

Well centred with plenty of eye appeal.
8 commentsDavid Atherton02/06/13 at 17:26Lucas H: Outstanding portrait. Where are the rest of your ...
Titus as Caesar RIC 528A97 viewsAR Denarius, 3.36g
Rome mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
RIC 528A. BMC - . RSC - .
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: NEP RED; Neptune stg. l., r. foot on globe, with acrostolium and sceptre
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 637. Ex Gorny & Mosch 122, 10 March 2003, lot 2043 = 113, 18 October 2001, lot 5729.

An unpublished Neptune type with CENS in the obverse legend. The coin will be 528A (under Vespasian) in the RIC II Addenda. It fits nicely alongside my unpublished V529A Salus from the same series. I think there are still a few other unknown types that will surface for this series - this Neptune reverse for the corresponding Vespasian issue is one that so far is awaiting discovery.

A beautiful denarius in hand with an amazing early portrait. The other two denarii I have from this series also have exemplary portraits. An issue style wise to take note of then.
4 commentsDavid Atherton01/31/13 at 10:13Lucas H: Outstanding as always. You have quite the unpubli...
Caracalla denarius108 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM
Laur. bearded bust right

Genius standing left with branch and baton

Rome 215 AD


Sear 6833; RIC 246
5 commentsJay GT401/30/13 at 14:05Lucas H: Yes, stellar portrait on this one.
Titus as Caesar RIC-1440A107 viewsAR Denarius, 2.69g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD (Vespasian)
RIC 1440A. BMC 467 var. RSC 39 var. RPC 843 var.
Obv: IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI E (sic); Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; in exergue, EPHE
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N Sneh Collection, lot 742. Acquired from Ponterio, c. 2003.

This denarius features an engraver's error in the obverse legend. Instead of ending in the normal F the engraver mistakenly engraved an E. It is also an obverse die match to the unique British Museum aureus RIC V1437. A wonderful example of aurei and denarii sharing dies! The coin has been assigned by Carradice as V1440A (obv 2B) in the upcoming RIC II addenda.

Not only is this coin interesting for the engraver's error and die link - it's also in excellent style with an outstanding portrait. Truly a gorgeous coin.

6 commentsDavid Atherton01/30/13 at 13:56Lucas H: Stellar. Again, the unique Ephesus portrait.
Titus as Caesar RIC-1440117 viewsAR Denarius, 3.27g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD (Vespasian)
RIC 1440 (R). BMC 467. RSC 39. RPC 843 (4 spec.).
Obv: IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI F; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; in exergue, EPHE
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 741.

Another great portrait of the young Titus from this artistically pleasing mint. The reverse is one shared with Vespasian.
An obverse and reverse die match to the RIC plate coin, perhaps an indication of its rarity.
5 commentsDavid Atherton01/28/13 at 12:56Lucas H: definitely not a Rome mint portrait on that one.
Domitian, AD 81-96129 viewsAR denarius, 20.5 mm (3.42 gm).

IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG GERMANIC, laureate and draped bust left / P M TR POT III IMP V COS X P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to right, owl. Rome mint, struck AD 84.

RIC II.1, 183 (R3 - this coin cited); BMCRE II, unlisted; RSC II, unlisted.

From the collection of Harry Sneh; ex CNG 51, 1272.
7 commentssocalcoins01/26/13 at 14:19Lucas H: A unique Domitian. Outstanding! Carradice and Bu...
Domitian, AD 81-96107 viewsAR denarius, 20 mm (3.34 gm).

CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right / COS IIII, Pegasus right. Rome mint, struck AD 76-77, as Caesar.

RIC II.1, 921 (Vespasian); BMCRE II, 193 (Vespasian); RSC II, 047.

3 commentssocalcoins01/26/13 at 14:15Lucas H: Excellent condition for this common type, and that...
Domitian, AD 81-9645 viewsAR denarius.

IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M, laureate head right / IVPPITER CONSERVATOR, eagle standing front on thunderbolt, wings outspread, head left. Rome mint, struck AD 82-83.

RIC II.1, 144; BMCRE II, 052; RSC II, 320.
2 commentssocalcoins01/26/13 at 14:14Lucas H: A very scarce type issued after Domitian increased...
Domitian, AD 81-9659 viewsAR denarius, 19.03mm (3.33 gm).

CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right, small 'o' below neck truncation / COS IIII, Pegasus right. Mint(s) of Asia Minor (Uncertain: Ephesus?), struck AD 76, as Caesar.

RIC II.1, 1494 (R2); BMCRE II, 488 bis (pg.422); RSC II, 047; RPC II, 1465.

RSC 047 cross-references both BMCRE V193 and V488 bis, as well as old RIC II V238, which cross-walks to RIC II.1 V921. RIC II.1 V921 is not an 'o'-mint type.

6 commentssocalcoins01/26/13 at 14:08Lucas H: OMG on the "o" mint Domitians
Domitian, AD 81-9642 viewsAR denarius.

CAES AVG F DOMIT COS III, laureate, right; a small 'o' is usually visible below the neck truncation / PRINCEPS IVVENTVT, Spes standing left, with flower. Mint(s) of Asia Minor (Uncertain: Ephesus?), struck AD 76, as Caesar.

RIC II.1, 1489 (R2); BMCRE II, 481; RSC II, 375a; RPC II, 1462.

From the collection of A. Lynn.
1 commentssocalcoins01/26/13 at 14:07Lucas H: Another exceedingly rare "o" mint Domitian. You h...
Domitian, AD 81-9661 viewsAR denarius.

CAES AVG F DOMIT COS III, laureate, right; a small 'o' is usually visible below the neck truncation / FIDES PVBI, hands clasped over caduceus, two poppies and two corn-ears. Mint(s) of Asia Minor (Uncertain: Ephesus?); struck AD 76, as Caesar.

RIC II.1, 1488 (R2); BMCRE II, unlisted; RSC II, unlisted; RPC II, unlisted.

The 'F' in FIDES in the reverse legend almost looks like a Γ... perhaps an unlisted variety?
3 commentssocalcoins01/26/13 at 14:07Lucas H: Another stellar "o" mint. Exceedingly rare.
Domitian, AD 81-9675 viewsAR denarius, 19 mm (3.21 gm).

CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right, small 'o' below neck truncation / COS IIII, eagle standing facing on garlanded base, wings open, head right. Ephesus (?) mint, struck AD 76, as Caesar.

RIC II.1, 1492 (R); BMCRE II, 487; RSC II, 045c var. (no annulet noted); RPC II, 1466.
3 commentssocalcoins01/26/13 at 14:06Lucas H: Stellar "o" mint.
Titus as Caesar RIC-1486102 viewsAR Denarius, 3.04g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
RIC 1486 (R2). BMC - . RSC - . RPC 1460 (2 spec.).
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck off flan
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS V; Winged caduceus
Ex Ancient Treasures, eBay, March 2011.

The small series this coin comes from is quite mysterious. The mint is not known for certain, although Ephesus is a prime suspect. The reason for the series being minted at all is not known either. The issue is full of blundered legends and mules, however, stylistically the coins are very pleasing.

7 commentsDavid Atherton01/25/13 at 12:37Lucas H: HBJ says two known specimins- Berlin and ANS. I g...
RIC 0494A Domitianus51 viewsObverse: (IMP CAES DOMIT) AVG GERM COS XII CENS PER P P - Laureate bust right with aegis.
Reverse: SALVTI AVGVST(I) - In field: S C - Altar.
mm. 26,20 - g. 10,38 - die axis 6
RIC 2 unlisted - old edition 338 referring to Cohen 420 (with CENS POT) - Struck in Rome 86 a.D.
It is believed that the type was meant to celebrate Domitian's safe return to Rome from the German war.
3 commentsFlaviusDomitianus12/12/12 at 11:15Lucas H: Outstanding.
Vespasian RIC-544107 viewsAR Denarius, 3.20g
Rome Mint, 73 AD
RIC 544 (R). BMC 97. RSC 385.
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Nemesis adv. r., holding caduceus over snake

The reverse of course is a direct copy from a denarius of Claudius. Curtis Clay has proposed that many of these types were recycled because Vespasian melted down many older denarii and minted these older reverse types to replace them. It would be interesting to know why certain types were chosen and others forgotten about. Did Nemesis hold a special meaning to the Flavians?

This type was a difficult one for me to track down!

Forgive the dodgy dealer photo.
3 commentsDavid Atherton12/03/12 at 12:56Lucas H: I'll deferr to Clay for theories, but it could...
vesp cista mystica.JPG
Vespasian RIC-776139 viewsAR Denarius, 3.27g
Rome Mint, 75 AD
RIC 776 (R). BMC 169. RSC 369.
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS VI; Victory, draped, holding wreath extended in r. hand and palm upright in l., standing l. on 'cista mystica', on either side of which is a snake, coiling up on it's tail, facing inwardly
Ex Harlan J. Berk 145, 14 September 2005, lot 232.

A reverse type that may have been minted for distribution in the Eastern provinces to compensate for the recent closings of the Imperial mints in that region.
1 commentsVespasian7011/20/12 at 15:38Lucas H: strange portrait. The eye. . .
Vespasian - [RIC 1065]101 viewsSilver Denarius, 3.13g, 19mm, 180 degree, Rome mint, 79 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right

Rev. - TR POT XI COS VIIII, radiate figure standing on rostral column, left leg slightly bent, holding parazonium in left and spear in right

Coin purchased by Marc Breitsprecher of Ancient Imports from an old collection in San Diego in which most of the denarii were originally purchased from Malter Galleries.

Purchased from VCoins Auction Sale 287, Lot 210 from Marc Breitspercher of Ancient Imports

Ex. Ancient Imports Dealer Photo
6 commentsrenegade322011/15/12 at 14:08Lucas H: I love this reverse
(07) GALBA40 views68 - 69 AD
AR Denarius 3.15 g
O: IMP SER GALBA CAESAR AVG laureate head right
R: DIVA AVGVSTA Livia standing right, holding patera and scepter
Rome, RIC 186
1 commentslaney10/28/12 at 14:18Lucas H: Excellent Galba.
Domitian Quadrans Rhino85 viewsObv.
Rhinoceros advancing left


I love this issue for several reasons. First, this little coin represents the only depiction of a rhinoceros in all of Roman numismatics. This fact just intrigues me, it seems so odd that it is such a unique one off appearance. I enjoy the fact that the depiction shows two horns, confirming that it is an African Rhinoceros. This coin led me on a little journey in trying to understand why this animal was depicted, why only once, and why at that particular time. It turns out that this coin was struck to depict a specific rhinoceros, displayed in fights in the Colosseum for the first time.

Martial describes the games in which this took place in his Liber De Spectaculis. The great T.V. Buttrey wrote a fantastic article on this in which he shows that this little coin points to a different date for these games. I dare you to read this article and not want to get one of these coins!

Domitian, the Rhinoceros, and the Date of Martial's Liber' De Spectaculis by T.V. Buttrey
3 commentsancientdave10/24/12 at 13:54Lucas H: Excellent background!
vesp l. rostral column.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-1066147 viewsAR Denarius, 3.41g
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 1066 (R). BMC 253. RSC 560.
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: TR POT X COS VIIII ; Radiate figure, naked standing facing, holding vertical spear in right hand and parazonium, projecting sideways, in left, on column with anchor on front and three 'rostra' projecting on either side
Acquired from Ancient Caesar, November 2007.

This coin is part of Vespasian's last issue before his death in June of 79 AD. Mattingly speculates the reverse depicts the 120 ft high Colossus erected by Nero for his Golden House. According to Dio, the enormous statue was moved by Vespasian in his sixth consulship and set up on the Scared Way. However, it is far more likely to be an imitative design copying a similar type struck for Octavian (BMCRE i, 103, 633).

A rare left facing portrait of the type, it is wonderfully centred, in good condition, and in a pleasing style.

4 commentsVespasian7010/17/12 at 14:13Lucas H: Stellar example of this type, and the left facing ...
Domitian RIC 96115 viewsAR Denarius, 3.26g
Rome mint, 82 AD
RIC 96 (C). BMC 29. RSC 593.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR POT COS VIII P P; Dolphin coiled round anchor
Acquired from Lucernae, September 2012.

A fairly common early pulvinar of Neptune reverse of Domitian which is a carry over from an issue of Titus' before his death the previous year. Most likely the reverse is part of a religious series commemorating the opening of the Colosseum. This reverse and the series it comes from would be discontinued later the same year when Domitian radically changed the coinage by introducing new types and increasing the fineness of the denarius.

A wonderful coin in hand with a few minor scrapes which don't detract from the overall eye appeal. This type is rarely seen in such fine condition.
6 commentsDavid Atherton09/25/12 at 10:53Lucas H: before the more stylized portrait
Titus RIC 06104 viewsAR Denarius, 2.80g
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 6 (R2). BMC p. 432. RSC 270a.
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII; Ceres std. l., with corn ears and poppy and torch
Acquired from Marc Walter, eBay, 25 August 2012.

Minted in 79 AD after 1 July, this is an early denarius, indicated by the absence of P P (Pater Patriae) in the reverse legend.
The Ceres reverse is a carry-over type struck by Vespasian in 79 before his death and adopted by Titus after he donned the purple.

A type that is quite rare and hard to come by in trade. A reverse die match with the RIC plate coin.
7 commentsDavid Atherton09/14/12 at 10:06Lucas H: Excellent.
Titus RIC-132427 viewsAR Denarius, 2.92g
Rome mint, 80 AD
RIC 132 (R2). BMC - . RSC - .
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Tripod, with fillets streaming out l. and r., on which are ravens r. and l., and in the center, dolphin over wreath
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This type is extremely rare with left facing portrait. In all the years I've collected Flavian denarii this is the only one I've ever been offered or seen for sale. RIC cites only an ebay specimen, where are the others? The rarity is woefully underrated in RIC.

Despite the scratches and worn condition this is a wonderful coin, IMHO.
7 commentsDavid Atherton08/13/12 at 11:40Lucas H: Outstanding! You have a knack for finding the rar...
Vespasian-RIC-1426117 viewsAR Denarius, 2.95g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
RIC 1426 (R2). BMC 450. RSC 293a. RPC 828 (1 spec.).
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Turreted and draped female bust, r.; below, BY
Ex Helios, eBay, 15 July 2012.

A rare mint mark for this type with the obverse legend COS III. Normally one would find the EPHE mint mark on the reverse. Apparently all the other coins from the same series are R3! A rare coin indeed.

The obverse is a bit flatly struck but otherwise the coin has excellent eye appeal.
7 commentsDavid Atherton07/28/12 at 15:11Lucas H: Outstanding example of the type.
Vespasian RIC 04167 viewsAR Denarius, 2.71g
Rome Mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 4 (R). BMC 43. RSC 229.
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: IVDAEA in ex.; Jewess (as type of Judaea), draped and veiled, seated r. on ground, head inclined downwards, l. knee drawn up, hand bound behind back and fastened to palm-tree
Acquired from Zuzim Judaea, May 2012.

The reverse commemorates the end of the Jewish War and is part of the 'Judaea Capta' series that Vespasian issued soon after he became emperor. The coin depicts a Jewess, seated before a palm tree (representing the land of Judaea), with her hands tied behind her back and in mourning. Clearly no academic interpretation is needed to understand what is meant by this reverse design.
This particular reverse is a much scarcer type than the standard Jewess seated before trophy. Possibly it was considered too harsh and was discontinued, explaining its rarity. Was this type minted first and then the milder form of the design appeared?

This coin is a replacement upgrade for one I purchased six years ago. Is it better? I'm not so sure. The flan is oblong (but large at 21.5 mm), the obverse slightly double struck, and the details are not as sharp on the reverse. With all that being said, I like the toning, the beaded border is almost in full on the reverse (a rarity for an early Vespasian denarius), and the style is quite attractive. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder after all.
2 commentsDavid Atherton05/24/12 at 15:54Lucas H: Oh, but this one is much better. The legends are ...
RIC 0108 Titus denarius157 viewsIMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M
Laureate head right

Wreath on curule chair.


Rome 79 AD

RIC 108 (C2), RSC 318

In the Roman Republic, and later the Empire, the curule seat (sella curulis, supposedly from currus, "chariot") was the chair upon which senior magistrates or promagistrates owning imperium were entitled to sit, including dictators, masters of the horse, consuls, praetors, censors, and the curule aediles. According to Livy the curule seat, like the Roman toga, originated in Etruria and it has been used on surviving Etruscan monuments to identify magistrates. The curule chair is used on Roman medals as well as funerary monuments to express a curule magistracy; when traversed by a hasta (spear), it is the symbol of Juno.

The curule chair was traditionally made of or veneered with ivory, with curved legs forming a wide X; it had no back, and low arms. Although often of luxurious construction, the Roman curule was meant to be uncomfortable to sit on for long periods of time, the double symbolism being that the official was expected to carry out his public function in an efficient and timely manner, and that his office, being an office of the republic, was temporary, not perennial.
6 commentsJay GT405/17/12 at 08:52Lucas H: Excellent addition.
Domitian RIC 21116 viewsAR Denarius, 3.24g
Rome mint, 81 AD
RIC 21 (R2). BMC p. 299 note. RSC 58.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS VII DES VIII P P; Curule chair, wreath above
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection

This denarius was issued very early in the reign, perhaps before Domitian was elected Pontif Maximus, hence only PONT appears on his obverse legend here.

A rare denarius with sharp details and dark toning featuring a nice early portrait.
5 commentsDavid Atherton05/17/12 at 08:48Lucas H: And issued, perhaps, before the more stylized port...
Trajan Denarius Felicitas57 viewsObv.
Laureate head right

Felicitas standing left holding caduceus & cornucopia
1 commentsancientdave05/10/12 at 09:08Lucas H: Very nice Felicitas. Good luck with that
Vespasian RIC II IVDAEA CAPTA90 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 69-70 A.D. Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: IVDAEA in exergue, Judaea seated right, head resing on hand in mourning, to right of trophy. RIC II 2, Hendin 1479.
Lucas H image.

A very historically significant coin minted by the Romans to commemorate the conquest of Judaea. This Judaea Capta (Judaea Captured) series of coins was the largest issue ever to commemorate the defeat of a nation.

Thanks very much to Lucas H!
4 commentsAarmale04/25/12 at 11:10Lucas H: Outstanding addition! Complete IVDAEA too.
Nero - [RIC I 53, RSC II 119]86 viewsSilver denarius, F, 3.129g, 18.2mm, 180 degree, Rome mint, 67 - 9 Jun 68 A.D.

Obv. - NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right

Rev. - IVPPITER CVSTOS, Jupiter seated left, thunderbolt in right, long scepter behind in left

Excellent centering, full legends, great toning, and fine portrait

Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins

Ex. FORVM Dealer Photo
6 commentsrenegade322004/12/12 at 11:34Lucas H: Excellent portrait and legends.
Hyrcanus I Half-Prutah56 viewsJohn Hyrcanus I, 135-104 B.C.E. AE Lepton (Half-prutah).
Obverse: Palm branch with fillet on top. In four lines of Ancient Hebrew, "John the High Priest and Council of the Jews." Reverse: Lily stemming from between two ears of corn; in left field, faint A monogram.
Meshorer 1 21. TJC pl. 10, C. Hendin 1134 (formerly Hendin 458).

Rare half-prutah. Ex. FORVM.
2 commentsAarmale04/11/12 at 16:31Lucas H: I love the lily, and a half prutah at that. Very ...
vesp l annona.jpg
Vespasian RIC-966102 viewsAR Denarius, 3.25g
Rome mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 966 (R). BMC 298. RSC 30.
Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: ANNONA AVG; Annona std. l., with sack of corn ears
Acquired from Ancient Treasures, April 2008.

The left facing portrait of this type is rated as rare in the RIC. Minted at a ratio of 10:1 to the right facing examples.

A very hard type for me to find. The obverse is a bit off centre, but not distractingly so.
1 commentsVespasian7003/30/12 at 10:14Lucas H: Again, excellent specimin for the left facing port...
Matiena Janus Prow AS64 viewsBronze As, Sear RCV I 685, (Crawford 162/3a, CRR 321a, BMCRR 625); Weight 28.3g.; Max. diameter 34.32mm.; Rome mint; 179 - 169 B.C. Obv. Laureate Head of Janus left and right, 1 above between heads (denomonation mark for 1 as); Rev. prow of galley right, 1 before, MAT monogram above, ROMA in ex. (obliterated); Very worn, Medium brown patina.

Thanks to Andrew McCabe for the help in Identifying this very worn example!

Gift from a friend to replace my lost pocket piece.
3 commentsSteve E03/23/12 at 09:44Lucas H: outstanding historic type. On my want list for su...
Vespasian-RIC-143090 viewsAR Denarius, 3.10g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
RIC 1430 (C). BMC 456. RSC 250. RPC 832 (10 spec.).
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: LIBERI IMP AVG VESPAS; Titus and Domitian veiled, togate, stg. front (heads l.), each with a patera; in exergue, EPHE
Acquired from Incitatus Coins, January 2012.

I bought this for the portrait (and I needed this type with the EPHE mint mark), and what a portrait it is! Vespasian is shown here with his lips slightly parted as if he is about to speak, the eyes look alive, and the portrait with its bull neck and high forehead exudes an air of confidence. The reverse on the other hand looks a bit rough - it's off center and so worn poor Titus and Domitian are faceless, Titus looking more worse for wear. Still, enough is left of the engravers hand to see the stylish drapery of the robes and the regal stance of the two princes.

A truly great mint's artistic brilliance will shine through even on worn examples, this coin I believe illustrates the point perfectly.
5 commentsDavid Atherton03/22/12 at 09:31Lucas H: Do I recognize that background?
Domitian RIC-164139 viewsAR Denarius, 3.35g
Rome mint, 83 AD
RIC 164 (R2). BMC 41. RSC 606.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR POT II COS VIIII DES X P P; Minerva stg. r. on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to r., owl (M2)
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

Minted between March and 13 September 83 AD, this denarius is part of a series that introduced the four main Minerva reverse types that would dominate the denarii of the reign. The type here, Minerva on rostral column (not prow as normally described), makes it debut as well.

83 saw an increased fineness of the precious metal coinage to Augustan standards, which explains this specimens size and weight - 21 mm, 3.35 grams. A bit of corrosion on the obverse does not detract from a wonderful coin in hand.

Historical note - Mons Graupius, Agricola's climatic battle in Scotland, most likely occurred in the fall of 83 soon after this coin was minted.
4 commentsDavid Atherton03/22/12 at 09:31Lucas H: Outstanding Minerva on the reverse.
Vespasian RIC II 084744 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 76 A.D. (3.14g, 17.9m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: COS VII, eagle standing front on garlanded base, thunderbolt in claws, wings open, head left. RIC II 847, BMC 180, RSC 121.

This type could refer to the death of Mucianus. In this example, like many I’ve seen, lacks the garland on the base and thunderbolt in the eagle’s claws.
2 commentsLucas H03/10/12 at 11:11Lucas H: Thanks! fixed.
Vespasian - [RIC 1060, RSC 556]64 viewsSilver Denarius, 3.18g, 18.5mm, 180 degree, Rome mint, 79 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left

Rev. - TR POT X COS VIIII, Capricorn facing left, globe below

Purchased from eBay

Sold 25Apr2015 to Lucas Harsh Collection
3 commentsrenegade322002/28/12 at 09:07Lucas H: Rare, left facing portrait too!
Vespasian - [RIC 944, RSC II 134a, BMCRE II 209, SRCV II 2289 var (head right)]50 viewsSilver Denarius, 2.45g, 17mm, 195 degree, Rome mint, 77-78 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left

Rev. - COS VIII in ex., pair of oxen under yoke facing left

Rarer left facing bust of the type, which was minted in a ratio of 1:10 to the right facing busts

Purchased from eBay
1 commentsrenegade322002/28/12 at 09:07Lucas H: Rare, left facing, portrait, were minted in far fe...
Twelve Caesars in Silver240 viewsComplements of Jay GT4's handy work to make this collage.6 commentsLucas H12/10/11 at 16:53Lucas H: Blessed or irresponsible for buying so many coins....
Vespasian-RIC-1312 (?)171 viewsAR Denarius, 2.98g
Tarraco (?) mint, 70 AD
RIC 1312 (R3). BMC - . RSC - .
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS ITER TR POT; Pax stg. l., with branch and caduceus
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

A mystery coin if ever there was one. The portrait style suggests a provincial mint. Harry Sneh thinks it could be Tarraco. Ian Carradice believes it is provincial also, but acknowledges Rome had a widely variable portrait style early on and without a die link it remains uncertain where this coin was minted. I too think it is a bit unusual for Rome and so have tentatively assigned it to Tarraco. The obverse style is very much like that on the RIC 1308 plate coin from Tarraco. The Rome example of the type is RIC 29 for comparison.

Admittedly not the prettiest coin but certainly interesting for a Flavian collector!
5 commentsDavid Atherton11/23/11 at 04:04Lucas H: I'm new, but does that look something like Oth...
09 Domitian as Caesar RIC-1445120 viewsAR Denarius, 3.01g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD (Vespasian)
RIC 1445 (R). BMC 469. RSC 22. RPC 846 (4 spec.).
Obv: DOMITIANVS CAESAR AVG F; Bust of Domitian, cuirassed, seen from front, Medusa head on breast of cuirass, fold of cloak on left shoulder, head bare, r.
Rev: AVG and EPHE in oak wreath
Ex CNG E88, 14 September 2011, lot 1302.

Minted in 71 AD, this denarius is part of the first series ever issued for Domitian. The draped and cuirassed bust type chosen here is unusual for the Flavian wonders why it was used only for Domitian and not Vespasian or Titus. The reverse is a standard type shared with Vespasian and Titus at Ephesus.

I'm not sure why it has taken me so long to obtain a Domitian as Caesar denarius from Ephesus, these are wonderful coins.
6 commentsDavid Atherton09/30/11 at 10:30Lucas H: Outstanding hair and sideburns.
Hadrian - Galley115 viewsHadrian Denarius
c. 132-135

Galley sailing left

RIC 209 var. (bust), RSC 652

8 commentsmarcvs_traianvs09/21/11 at 09:18Lucas H: I love the galley!
TITUS Billon Tetradrachm, RPC 2464, Serapis44 viewsOBV: AVTOK TITOY - laureate head right
REV: Bust of Serapis right, LB before
bust of Serapis right, wearing taenia, modius on head ornamented with branches of laurel, date LB (year 2) right

Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 79 - 28 Aug 80 A.D
Year 2 (79-80 AD)
12.75g, 25mm

Milne 456 - 457; Geissen 319; Dattari 426; cf. BMC Alexandria p. 34, 281 (year 3); Emmett 235

3 commentsLegatus09/03/11 at 16:29Lucas H: Better portrait than many Egyptian tets.
NERO Drachm, RIC 621, Claudius88 viewsOBV: NERO CLAVD DIVI CLAVD F CAESAR AVG GERM, laureate head of Nero right
REV: DIVOS CLAVD AVGVST GERMANIC PATER AVG, Claudius' laureate head right
17mm, 3.6g

Minted at Caesarea
3 commentsLegatus09/03/11 at 16:28Lucas H: I'm also jealous of the dual portrait on this....
Roman Empire, Vespasian IVDAEA CAPTA Denarius257 viewsOBV: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG
Laureate head of Vespasian, left.
Jewess seated right in attitude of mourning before trophy.

RIC II-15; Hendin 5th ed. 1479; Cohen 226

c. 21 Dec. A.D. 69 - early A.D. 70
3.22 gm 17mm
Minted in Rome

9 commentsgoldenancients09/03/11 at 16:14Lucas H: It is very nice. I like the toning.
CLAUDIUS Denarius, RIC 39, Nemesis131 viewsOBV: TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG P M TR P VI IMP XI, laureate head right
REV: PACI AVGVSTAE, Pax-Nemesis advancing right, drawing out fold of robe at neck, holding caduceus above serpent preceding her
3.6g, 19mm

Minted at Rome, 46-7 AD
7 commentsLegatus09/01/11 at 17:22Lucas H: Outstanding. Rare find.
RIC 1076 Titus denarius243 viewsT CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS
laureate head right

bound Jewish captive kneeling right in front of trophy

Rome mint, as Caesar, first half of 79 A.D
18.5mm, 180o

Choice aVF

SRCV I 2449; RIC II (Vespasian) 1076 (C); BMCRE II 258; RSC II 334, Paris 229


Thought to be minted to remind the Romans of Titus' spectacular victory over Jerusalem 9 years earlier.
9 commentsJay GT408/21/11 at 16:17Lucas H: One of my favorite reverses!
Villanovan warrior, circa 8th century B.C.211 viewsThe Villanovan culture, flourishing between 1000-700 B.C., was the earliest Iron Age culture of central and northern Italy, abruptly following the Bronze Age "Terramare" culture. The name Villanovan comes from the site where the first archaeological finds relating to this advanced culture (remnants of a cemetery) were found: Villanova in northern Italy, near Bologna. Similar finds to those of the Bolognan village were discovered at urban centres across Italy, from parts of Campania in the South to the Po Valley in the North, but focused most around modern Tuscany and Lazio, equivalent to ancient Etruria.

During the 7th century B.C. the Villanovan culture began to give way to an increasingly orientalizing culture influenced by Greek traders and Greek neighbours in Magna Graecia, the Hellenic civilization of southern Italy. As a result, Villanovan culture disappeared, to be replaced by the Etruscan civilization.

Scale of this model: 75mm (1/24)
2 commentsRomaVictor07/26/11 at 20:05Lucas H: Most excellent work!
Mark Antony Legionary PRAETORIARVM140 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

Legionary Eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC

Imperators 385, Sydenham 1213, BMCRR East 184, Cohen 7



An important and historical coin!

The Praetorian cohorts had their origins in the small escorts which accompanied the generals on campaign. The name derives from the commander's tent (praetorium), a name which was later applied to the commandant's house in a permanent fort. At the time of Actium Antony probably had at least four praetorian cohorts. In the years following Actium Augustus established a permanent body of nine praetorian cohorts, three in Rome, the remainder dispersed among neighboring towns. They were regarded as elite troops and this was reflected in their living conditions and pay (more than three times the rate for legionaries). The praetorian prefects, first appointed by Augustus in 2 BC were to exercise enormous political power in Rome in the centuries to follow.

4 commentsJay GT407/25/11 at 23:44Lucas H: Excellent coin, and outstanding explanation.
Minucius Thermus Mf AR Denarius55 viewsOBV: Helmeted head of Mars left
REV: 2 Warriors Fighting (a Roman and a Gaul); Roman Warrior on left protecting fallen comrade, the other (presumably a Gaul) wears horned helmet
Date: 103BC
3.9g, 14mm
Syd 592, Cr319/1
2 commentsmiffy07/20/11 at 10:04Lucas H: Excellent example of this type.
Persian Empire, Lydia, Anatolia, Xerxes I - Darius II, 485 - 420 B.C.68 viewsSilver siglos, Carradice Type IIIb (early), plate XII, 16 ff.(online source); SGCV II 4682; (Carradice NC 1998 pl. 7, 168; Carradice Price p. 67 and pl. 17, 1 ff.), banker's marks on Obv., Rev, & edge; weight 5.54 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, Obv. Kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, spear in right, quiver on right shoulder, bow in left, bearded, crowned (off flan); Rev. irregular oblong punch; Light toning in low areas, a few light scratches.

Background Info:
The later kings of Persia, successors of Darius I, continued in the tradition established by that monarch, issuing gold darics and silver sigloi for circulation in western Anatolia. The Lydian capitol of Sardeis, the center of Persian power in the area, was undoubtedly the principal mint, though other cities may have assisted in the production of this enormous coinage. The kneeling archer, with oblong punch on rev., remained the sole type for this Persian imperial coinage down to Alexander's conquest in 330 B.C. Sear GCV II p.426

Many silgoi bear small countermarks, possibly the signets of money changers. A large number of emblems have been recorded. Sear GCV II p.427

2 commentsSteve E07/07/11 at 10:43Lucas H: I love these, and included one in my first ancient...
Fulvia Second wife of Mark Antony81 viewsIII VIR R P C
Winged head of fulvia as the goddess Victory right

Lion walking right with Date A XLI (year 41)

42 BC


Sear 1519

On this quinarius Antony's name is mentioned with A XLI (year 41) and refers to his age at the time of the issue. A similar type was struck the previous year which doesn't include Antony's name or titles yet records his age as 40.
3 commentsJay GT407/06/11 at 18:45Lucas H: I love quinarii. Excellent find.
Apulia, Arpi (Italy) 3rd Century B.C.97 viewsAE 21; SGCV I 569, Lindgren 210; Weight 7.7 gr., Max. Diameter 21.17 mm; Obv. Δ A Σ O Y on right, Laureate head of Zeus left, thunderbolt behind; Rev. Calydonian Boar w/bristling ridgeback right, spearhead above, A P Π A N Ω N in ex.

Background info:

Arpi origially allied with Rome in 326 B.C. Later sided with Hannibal 217-213 B.C., then recaptured by Rome.
5 commentsSteve E07/05/11 at 10:01Lucas H: Very nice. I wouldn't want to hunt boar in an...
Lucius Verus 7 Mar. 161 - Feb. 169 A.D. Rome mint65 viewsOrichalcum dupondius; RIC III 1292, (BMC 867, Cowen 33); Rome mint; Weight 9.1gr., Max. Diameter 25.13mm; 161 A.D.; Obv. IMP CAES L AVREL VERVS AVG, radiate head right, Rev. CONCORD AVGVSTOR TR P (COS II in ex off flan), Lucius Verus and Marcus Aurelius, both togate, standing facing each other, clasping hands, (refers to their joint accession as coemperors, first time in Roman history); very dark green patina, corrosion spot on rev.

Ex. Mark Zema
2 commentsSteve E07/05/11 at 10:00Lucas H: Very nice.
Octavian Cistophorus Pax143 viewsObv.
Laureate head right

Pax standing left holding cadeucus, cista mystica behind, all within wreath
4 commentsancientdave06/30/11 at 09:33Lucas H: I love cistophori, and this one is outstanding.
150 Antoninus Pius63 viewsAntoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D. AR Denarius

ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XIIII, laureate head right; reverse COS IIII, Fortuna standing left holding rudder and cornucopia.
RIC III 194, RSC II 265, BMCRE IV 719-20, Scarce , Rome mint 150-151 A.D.
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)06/30/11 at 09:30Lucas H: Excellent! I've not seen that reverse.
ROMAN EMPIRE, VITELLIUS Denarius, RIC 86, Wildwinds example99 viewsRome mint, July - December 20, AD69
A VITELLIVS GERMAN IMP TR P, Laureate head of Vitellius right
XV VIR SACR FAC, Tripod-lebes with dolphin lying right on top and raven standing right below
3.43 gr, 16-18 mm
Ref : RCV # 2201var, Cohen cf # 110 et suiv, RIC I # 86 (this example illustrated in Wildwinds)
7 commentsPotator II06/30/11 at 09:29Lucas H: Excellent!
Otho20 viewsOtho. AD 69. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.05 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck January-April. Bare head right / Securitas standing left, holding wreath and scepter. RIC I 10; RSC 15.3 commentsTLP06/22/11 at 18:30Lucas H: I have otho envy. Very nice.
Vespasian RIC II 077451 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 75 A.D. (3.01, 19.8mm, 6h) Obv: r to l out- IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PON MAX TR P COS VI, Securitas seated left, head resting on raised arm. RIC I 774, RSC 367, Sear 2302.

Securitas was the goddess of security, especially security of the Roman Empire. The Pax reverse issued this same year was issued in large quantities, and this reverse is often confused with Pax, and in fact, this was sold as a Pax reverse by an experienced Vcoins dealer who missed the proper attribution. This is a nice, well centered, coin with complete legends on a nice flan.
4 commentsLucas H06/20/11 at 09:59Lucas H: It wasn't me that had the good eye. I'm s...
Vitellius - RIC-90127 viewsVITELLIUS. 69 AD. AR Denarius (18mm - 2.71 g). Rome mint. A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right / CONCOR-DIA P R, Concordia seated left, holding patera in right hand, cornucopia in left. RIC I 90; BMCRE 20; RSC 18.7 commentsBud Stewart06/10/11 at 18:16Lucas H: Outstanding condition for Vitellius.
Athens Owl Tetradrachm70 viewsSilver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 31 ff., SGCV I 2526, gVF, toned, Athens mint, weight 16.994g, maximum diameter 24.7mm, die axis 270o, c. 420 - 413 B.C.;
OBV: head of Athena right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves;
REV: ΑΘΕ right, owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within incuse square;

EX: Forvm Ancient Coins

Click on the image for a large more detailed close-up picture.
1 commentsRomanorvm05/26/11 at 11:57Lucas H: I love owls, and you have an excellent example. N...
Domitian RIC II 072087 viewsDomitian 81-96A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 90-91 A.D. Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P X, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on rostral capital column M2, holding spear and shield, owl at feet. RIC 720, RSC 266.

One of my favorite coins, not because of it's rarity or condition, but rather it was one of my first successful auctions, and one of my first "nicer" denarii with clear legends.
5 commentsLucas H05/25/11 at 16:53Lucas H: Ebay. Went for cheap. My first ebay purchase.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vespasian RIC 1559143 viewsAR denarius
Antioch mint, 72 AD
RIC 1559 (C), BMC 512, RSC 643
Obv - IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev - No legend. Vespasian laureate, standing in triumphal quadriga, r., horses pacing, holding branch in r. hand and scepter in left
6 commentsDavid Atherton05/25/11 at 16:50Lucas H: Outstanding!
7. Attica, Athens. 449-413 BC246 viewsAR tetradrachm
Head of Athena Right. Crested helmet. Archaic style almond shaped eye.
Owl standing right. Olive sprig/crescent left. AOE right.
SNGCop 31
24mm 17.0g
exMalter Galleries
9 commentsDino05/19/11 at 17:35Lucas H: Beautiful! Crest and no test cuts.
Vespasian, Jul. 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Syrian Provincial Coinage, Struck at Rome120 viewsOrichalcum as, ANS Journel 7-8(1995-96) McAlee 63, Butcher 4 p.406-407,plate 20; (RPC 1984); (BMC Galatia p. 177, 219); (SNG Cop 172), VF, 5.571g, 22.0mm, 180deg., Rome mint, 74 A.D.(undated); Obv. IMP CAESAR VESP AVG, laureate head of Vespasian left; Rev. S C within laurel wreath; Scarce. Mottled olive patina.

Background info courtesy Richard G. McAlee, ANS Journel 7-8(1995-96).

"During Vespasian's reign orichalcum coins were struck (probably in Rome) for circulation in Syria... They were produced in four denominations... dupondius, as, semis, quadrans... Each denomination was struck bearing the portraits of Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian. Some of the coins of Vespasian and Titus are not dated, but all of those which are, as well as all of the coins of Domitian, can be dated to 74. There are reverse die links between the orichalcum asses of all three emperors, indicating that the entire group was struck in 74."

Ex Forvm Ancient Coins

Photo by Forvm Ancient Coins
8 commentsSteve E04/27/11 at 17:12Lucas H: Great portrait!
Marcus Furius Philus38 viewsObv: M • FOVRI • L • F, laureate head of Janus looking forward and looking back.

Rev: Roma standing left, crowning a trophy with carnyx and shield on each side, star above Roma, ROMA to right, PHILI (PHI in monogram) in exergue.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 119 BC

4 grams, 19 mm, 0°

RSC Furia 18, S156
2 commentsSPQR Coins04/25/11 at 13:37Lucas H: Another awsome republic denarius. Love the revers...
34421 viewsL Tituri L F Sabinus; c.89 BC
AR denarius
Head of King Tatius right
Killing of King Tarpeia by two soldiers
Rome mint
Crawford 344/2
1 commentsmauseus04/20/11 at 10:00Lucas H: I love the story of Tarpeia. Love this coin. Rev...
Vespasian-RIC-1426(5A)2140 viewsAR Denarius, 3.19g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
RIC 1426(5A)2 (R3). BMC - . RPC - .
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: LIBERI IMP AVG VESPAS; Heads of Titus, bare, r., and Domitian, bare, l., confronting; no mintmark
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This Vespasian denarius was minted in Ephesus in 71 AD. Normally this type should have a mint mark on the reverse between the busts of Titus and Domitian, oddly enough on this specimen it is absent. It is quite possible there was a series minted at Ephesus in 71 without mint marks, however the jury is still out. I also have an Ephesus Titus as Caesar from 71 with no mint mark (RIC 1426(5A)4) which lends credence to the no mint mark series.

A great coin in hand with a slightly small flan but a high relief bust.

7 commentsDavid Atherton04/18/11 at 18:12Lucas H: Nice. The entire Flavian dynasty in one.
0057 - Denarius Septimius Severus 201 AC37 viewsObv/SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of Septimius r.
Rev/PART MAX PM TR P VIIII, trophy and two captives.

Ag, 18.5mm, 3.37g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IVa/176 [C] - Cohen 370
ex-Incitatus Coins (vcoins)
2 commentsdafnis04/13/11 at 13:42Lucas H: I love this reverse type. Excellent coin.
vespasian divvs column.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-359b183 viewsAR Denarius, 3.30g
Rome Mint, 79-80 AD (Titus)
RIC 359b (C). BMC 124. RSC 149.
Obv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: Column mounted by shield and topped by urn, flanked by two laurels; in field, E-X, on shield, S C
Acquired from Beast Coins, May 2006.

There are four commemorative reverse types that were issued by Titus in honor of his father Vespasian after his death; victory and trophy ( a continuation of a reverse Vespasian issued before his death in 79 A.D.), two capricorns supporting a shield, and an ornamental quadriga.
This denarius is my favorite of the four, two laurels flanking a column and shield with an urn placed on top. The urn presumably contains the ashes of the deified Vespasian. The laurels evoke those planted outside Augustus' door. The shield with the inscribed S C show the divus honours voted to Vespasian by the senate.
Apparently Vespasian thought the idea of being deified was amusing, as his death approached he uttered the famous line "Woe's me. Me thinks I'm turning into a god."
A comet appeared in the heavens near the time of his death.

This is a rare variant with the E and X flanking the urn instead of the column.
5 commentsVespasian7004/07/11 at 18:16Lucas H: Very nice. Rare to have the EX flanking the urn a...
Domitian as Caesar RIC II V068042 viewsDomitian under Vespasian. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 73 A.D. (2.96 grams, 19.27 mm. 0 degree). Obv: CAES AVG F DOMIT COS II, laureate head right. Rev: Domitian riding horse left, right hand raised, sceptre in left with human head on it. RIC II V680. BMC 129.

This type probably refers to triumphal parade held for the victory Vespasian and Titus earned in Judaea. Suetonius and Josephus reveal that while Vespasian and Titus rode in separate chariots, Domitian, "magnificently adorned," rode alongside Titus' chariot on a splendid white horse.
3 commentsLucas H04/05/11 at 11:54Lucas H: Thanks for the help identifying it Jay GT4!
Vespasian, RPC II 40246 viewsTomis mint, Vespasian, 69-79 A.D. AE, 19mm 3.62g, RPC II 402, AMNG 2590
O: KAICAP OYECΠACIANOC TOMI, Laureate head of Vespasian r.
R: TITOC KAICAP ΔOMITIANCO KAICAP, Confronted busts of Titus (l.) and Domitian
1 commentscasata137ec03/21/11 at 12:39Lucas H: I love these family affair pieces.
MN CORDIUS RUFUS denarius, BMC 403745 viewsRome mint, MN CORDIUS RUFUS denarius, 46 B.C. AR, 18mm 3.74g, Cr. 463/1a; RSC Cordia 2a; BMC 4037
O: RVFVS III VIR, Jugate heads of Dioscuri r., wearing laureate pilei
R: MN CORDIVS, Venus l., holding scales and sceptre, Cupid behind
3 commentscasata137ec03/21/11 at 12:38Lucas H: I love the toning on this one.
180 Septimius Severus105 viewsSeptimus Severus Denarius. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP IIII, laureate head right / APOLLINI AVGVSTO, Apollo standing left with patera & lyre. Rome mint RIC 40, RSC 42, BMC 78 ex DS
5 commentsRandygeki(h2)03/15/11 at 09:11Lucas H: Great portrait!
CALABRIA, TARENTUM73 views315 - 302 BC
AR DIDRACHM (NOMOS) 22 mm 7.84 g
O: Naked horseman galloping with lance and shield, SA beneath
R: TARAS Taras, with trident, riding dolphin; small dolphin below
Calabria, Tarentum
3 commentslaney03/07/11 at 13:17Lucas H: Excellent art! I'm developing more of an affi...
Titus RIC 43102 viewsAR Denarius, 3.26g
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 43 (R). BMC 34. RSC 293.
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XV COS VII P P; Quadriga l., with corn ears
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

The reverse type of a quadriga with corn ears is itself not rare, the type was minted for Titus both as Caesar and Augustus, but it is rare with IMP XV. The denarii of this series seems to have been minted in much smaller quantities than the previous issues with IMP XIIII. I was only able to acquire this one from a private collector. Sharp and with a good portrait.
5 commentsDavid Atherton02/28/11 at 19:49Lucas H: I have Titus envy. Love this type of the Judaea C...
CARACALLA26 viewsAR denarius. 216 AD. 3,22 grs. Laureate bust right seen from behind. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM. / Jupiter standing right,looking back,holding thunderbolt and resting on sceptre. P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P.
RIC 275a.
1 commentsbenito02/28/11 at 14:18Lucas H: I need pecks like Jupiter!
Herod I H501.jpg
Herod I (37-4BC) Hendin 501 TJC 6640 viewsLepton, 11x13mm, 0.70g.

Obverse: Single cornucopia, BACIL/HRWD in dotted circle.

Reverse: Eagle standing R, pellet in L field, in dotted circle.

Hendin 501

Treasury of Jewish Coins 66.

The eagle was doubtless intended as a Jewish, rather than Roman, symbol, being one of the animals supporting YHVH's throne in Ezekiel. It probably relates to the golden eagle erected by Herod over the Temple gate. How long this stood is uncertain, but in his last year, as his power weakened, it became the centre of a riot which ended in its destruction as an idolatrous image. There is no record of any protest against the coins.
1 commentsRobert_Brenchley02/28/11 at 10:22Lucas H: Nice example. I haven't seen such a clear cor...
Lokris Opuntii; 338-300 BC29 viewsAR-Triobol
Obv: Wreathed head of Persephone(Demeter) wearing earrings,facing right.
Rev: ΛΟΚΡΩΝ left,Ajax, nude but for crested Corinthian helmet, advancing right, holding sword and shield; monogram between legs.
Size: 15.5mm;2.47gms
Ref: BMC Central Greece,vol.8,Pg.5,No.39
BCD 101-2
Photo courtesy of Enodia
2 commentsBrian L02/27/11 at 17:28Lucas H: Nice reverse.
Phoenicia, Tyre Shekel89 viewsAR Tetradrachm/Shekel.

Laureate bust of Melkart right, aegis draped about neck

ΤΥΡΟΥ ΙΕΡΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΑΣΥΛΟΥ (of Tyre the holy and inviolable)
Eagle standing left on prow; club before, flanked by date PM and KP to right, above monogram.

KP Jerusalem mint
PM Year 140 (14/15 AD).

Ex Calgary Coins, Ex. Hendin 919, RPC 4655.


At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were the only coins accepted by the temple. Some experts believe that after the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The "Jerusalem" shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
2 commentsJay GT402/27/11 at 16:20Lucas H: I have shekel envy. Nice Obverse with a clear dat...
Judas Aristobolus I H.46549 viewsSize: AE Prutah
Obverse: Wreath
Reverse: Dbl Cornucopia
Date: 104-103 BC
Reference: Hendin 465
1 commentsJohn Kingsbury02/25/11 at 15:45Lucas H: Nice Aristobolus.
M.VOLTEIUS M.f.35 viewsAR denarius. 78 BC. 3,95 grs. Head of young Bacchus or Liber right,wearing ivy-wreath, and long hair in locks. / Ceres in biga of snakes right,holding torch in each hand,control-symbol ( plumb bob) behind. M VOLTEI M F in exergue.
Craw 385/3. RSC Volteia 3.
2 commentsbenito02/25/11 at 10:34Lucas H: Outstanding. I love the snakes!
Titus AR Denarius55 viewsRIC II 26b (old) RIC II 112 (new) Rome, RSC 309, S 2517
3.00 g, 15 mm x 17 mm
80 AD.
IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right
TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, dolphin coiled around an anchor.
3 commentsMark Z202/15/11 at 14:20Lucas H: I like this one! I'm new, but i've looked...
RI 064dg img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 389 var.26 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– INVICT IMP, Trophy with captured arms below
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 – 195
References:– RIC 389 var (inlisted in RIC with this reverse legend, no examples in RD hoard)
1 commentsmaridvnvm02/15/11 at 10:36Lucas H: I like this one. He looks angry in this one to me...
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