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Last comments - Carausius
Laureate head right with Aegis

Mars advancing left with Victory and trophy

Rome, 85 AD


RIC 387 (C)

Holed in antiquity and plugged in the late 19th century?

Ex-Manfred Olding 2019 n 184; Ex-Sammlung Heynen 1976;Ex-Paul Schürer (1890-1976); Ex-Fritz Reusing (1874-1956)

Comes with old tag probably from Heynen or Schürer. Olding tag incorrectly attributed to RIC 420 (different ending to legend)

Reusing was a German portrait painter of the early 20th Century whose portraits included Richard Strauss, Igor Strawinsky, Max Planck, and Albert Einstein. After Reusing's death his nephew Paul Schürer inherited and curated the collection. Heynen was a friend of Reusing's, and at an earlier date had evidently sold or exchanged or given a substantial number of coins to Reusing, this being one of those coins!

Thanks to David Atherton and Curtis Clay for the brief biography and info.
8 commentsJay GT406/06/19 at 20:47Carausius: Congratulations on this terrific coin and great pr...
M. Antony leg. denarius31 viewsMark Antony denarius. Circa 32-31 BC. Eastern military moving mint.
3.85 grs.
Chortis Speculatorum type.
Cr. 544/12.
9 commentslabienus05/19/19 at 18:35Carausius: Congratulations. I was the underbidder!!
3360 CILICIA, Mopsus Hadrian Tetradrachm, Sabina20 viewsReference.
Prieur –; SNG BN –; SNG Levante –; RPC III 3360.6 (this coin, illustrated on pl. 152)

laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., with paludamentum

Draped bust of Sabina as Artemis on crescent, r. with stephane and quiver on shoulder

From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Robert O. Ebert Collection.

13.15 gr
27 mm
3 commentsokidoki03/23/19 at 22:03Carausius: Wonderful coin and provenance. Congratulations!
Stratonikeia, Caria35 viewscirca 100 BC
AE 20 (20mm, 6.38g)
O: Lareate head of Hekate right, wearing crescent moon crown.
R: Nike advancing right, holding palm and wreath; ΣTPATO above, [NIK]EΩN below.
cf SNG Cop 489; cf Sear 4942; BMC 151,31
ex Aegean Numismatics

Stratonikeia was located in SW Asia Minor, about 11km from Lagina, the largest known sanctuary of the goddess Hekate, "whom Zeus honored above all others" (Hesiod). It is likely that the cult of Hekate originated in this area a millennium or more before Her introduction into Greek religion at the conclusion of the Titanomachy, the legendary battle between the Titans and Olympians.
During an annual ritual the Priestess would lead a procession from the polis to Lagina where she would open the sanctuary with a sacred key. This key would eventually become one of the attributes depicted on later images of Hekate.
5 commentsEnodia02/28/19 at 04:54Carausius: Pretty bronze!
C. Scribonius, Dearius20 viewsC. Scribonius, Dearius

RRC 201/1
154 bc
3,80 gr

Av: Helmeted head of Roma, X behind.
Rv: The Dioscuri riding right, C. SCR below; ROMA in linear frame.

Artemide Aste Asta Numismatica XLVI (3-4 Dicembre 2016 - live ore 15:00), Lot 95:
1 commentsNorbert02/18/19 at 02:36Carausius: Very sharp example!
L. SCRIBONIUS LIBO - Denarius, Crawford 416/16 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 62 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: LIBO BON.EVENT; Head of Bopnus eventus r.

Reverse: PVTEAL. Above well head (puteal). Well head is decorated with lyres, festoon and hammer. SCRIBO in exergue.

Mint: Rome
Weight: 3.86 gm.
Reference: Crawford 416/1
Provenance: Tom McKenna, Private Purchase, 6-Jan-1978

This was my first ancient coin purchase. I purchased this coin for $65 along with the Seaby RSC Vol. 1 reference at Tom McKenna’s home in January of 1978. I still own and cherish both. Nicely toned VF.
1 commentsSteve B502/05/19 at 04:21Carausius: Lovely first coin. I acquired my first ancient co...
Caduceus (early) - Denarius, Crawford 60/19 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 211-208 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma R; X behind. Border of dots

Reverse: Dioscuri riding r.; Caduceus symbol below.; ROMA in raised letters in frame. Line border

Mint: Unknown mint in central Italy
Weight: 4.72 gm.
Reference: RRC 60/1
Provenance: Aureo & Calico Alba Longa sale, November 7, 2018; Ex. The Goodman Collection, Triton I, December 2-3, 1997, lot 892.

This issue is one of the most crude but distinctive of the early denarii. Lovely light toning, well centered and about EF.
1 commentsSteve B501/29/19 at 12:55Carausius: Wonderful example, and great provenance!
Cr 44/7 AR Sestertius Anonymous24 viewsO: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, IIS [= 2 and Semi]
R: The Dioscuri galloping right; below, ROMA in linear frame
0.81 gms; 13.50 mm
Broad flan, toned

A bit light, but achieving a consistent weight in casting flans was one of the challenges with this small coin at a time when the silver weight was still a critical component of acceptance.

Although the quarter-denarius seems like it should have been a very handy coin, saving the need to carry two large As and the Semis, the silver sestertius was minted only sporadically and then was discontinued. Accordingly, they are relatively rare, and I have to say this one is very nice.
2 commentsPMah01/21/19 at 13:23Carausius: Agree with Steve's assessment. Very pleasing ...
Cr 56/5 AE Quadrans Anonymous 10 viewsc. 211 BCE (20.4 mm, 6.04 grams)
o: Helmeted head of Hercules right, 3 dots behind
r: ROMA - Prow to right, 3 dots behind
Crawford 56/5.
Overstruck, possibly Hieron II of Sicily with Zeus/Trident
1 commentsPMah01/21/19 at 13:20Carausius: Youre likely correct on the undertype, as I see Ze...
Julius Caesar - Denarius, Crawford 485/114 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 43 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Laureate head of Caesar r., border of dots

Reverse: Pax (or possibly Venus) standing l. holding caduceus & scepter; on r., L. FLAMINVS, downwards; on l., IIII. VIR upwards

Mint: Rome
Weight: 3.70 gm.
Reference: Crawford 485/1
Provenance: Superior Galleries, The Dr. Feori Pipito Collection Sale, lot 780, December 12, 1987.

Bankers mark on laurel crown and test cut on edge about 12:30, Otherwise, well centered, nicely toned GVF.
1 commentsSteve B501/15/19 at 19:54Carausius: Fantastic Caesar portrait in the finest style, and...
Augustus/Actium - Denarius, RIC I, 171a15 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 15-13 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: AVGUSTUS DIVI F; Bare head r.

Reverse: Apollo Citharoedus in long drapery, stg. l., r. holding plectrum, l. lyre; IMP to l., X to r.; ACT in exergue.

Mint: Lugdunum
Weight: 3.88 gm.
Reference: RIC 171a (Lugdunum), BMC 461, RCV 1611, RSC 144
Provenance: Jonathan Kern, February 23, 1987.

This issue commemorates the victory over Antony and Cleopatra at the battle of Actium on 2 September, 31 BC.
Lovely toning, well centered and GVF.
3 commentsSteve B501/15/19 at 19:52Carausius: Beautiful coin! Shouldn't the "era" be someti...
0205 - Denarius Anonymous 209 BC26 viewsObv/ Head of Rome r.; behind, X.
Rev/ Dioscuri riding r., stars above their heads, spearhead r. below, ROMA in ex.

Ag, 21.8 mm, 3.74 g
Mint: SE Italy
RRC 88/2b [40-40 (all var.)]
ex-NAC, auction 84, lot 1633.
2 commentsdafnis01/08/19 at 00:09Carausius: Very attractive example!
P. MAE ANT MF - Denarius, RRC 249/16 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 132 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma R; voided X behind.

Reverse: Victory in Quadriga R.; P.MAE AT monogram to r. ROMA in exergue.

Mint: Rome
Weight: 3.83 gm.
Reference: Crawford 249/1
Provenance: Tom Cederlind, private purchase, 30-Oct-2009

Comments: The issue is very common in relatively high grade.
Well centered attractively toned coin, about EF.
1 commentsSteve B501/05/19 at 15:32Carausius: Nice example, Steve!
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, AR Denarius - Crawford 419/1c16 viewsRome, The Republic.
M. Lepidus, 61 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.97g; 20mm).
Rome Mint.

Obverse: Laureate and diademed female head, facing right; palm branch behind.

Reverse: Horseman advancing toward right with trophy over l shoulder; AN. XV. P.H.O.C.S. around; M.LEPIDVS in exergue.

References: Crawford 419/1c; Sydenham 830a; BMCRR 3644; Aemilia 22.

Provenance: Ex Fernandez Coll. [Aureo & Calico Alba Longa Auction (7 Nov 2018) Lot 85]; Leo Benz Collection [Lanz 88 (23 Nov 1988) Lot 118]; Künst und Münzen 18 (June 1978), Lot 250.

This coin was produced by Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, later triumvir with Octavian and Antony, during his early political career. The reverse celebrates the Second Punic War heroism of his ancestor, also named M. Aemilius Lepidus, who killed an enemy and saved a citizen at the age of 15 and in whose honor a statue was erected in Rome. That statue may be depicted on this coin. The reverse inscription abbreviates “AN[norum] XV PR[ogressus] H[ostem] O[ccidit], C[ivem] S[ervavit]” (Aged 15, he killed an enemy and saved a citizen.)
2 commentsCarausius01/01/19 at 04:51Carausius: Thanks Jay. There are several varieties, some with...
Hammer and Apex, Denarius, Crawford 59/1b21 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 211 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with splayed visor. Behind, “X”. Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; Hammer and apex above riders; in linear frame, “ROMA”.
Mint: Rome
Weight: 4.15 gm.
Reference: Crawford 59/1b
Provenance: NAC 78, Lot 374, 29-MAY2014

Comments: Anonymous denarius with apex symbol above and between riders and hammer symbol above and in front. The coin is Good EF. Crawford differentiates 59/1a from 59/1b as straight and curved visor varieties. The curved visor varieties (59/1b, this coin) are scarce but much more common than the straight visor varieties (59/1a) which are very rare. The straight visor varieties are in the style of the caduceus series, Cr. 60.
2 commentsSteve B512/19/18 at 04:01Carausius: Wonderful example of a rare type.
Staff and Feather - Denarius, Crawford 130/1a8 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 206-200 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with peaked visor; “X” behind; In front, Staff; Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; Below, feather symbol; in exergue, “ROMA”.
Mint: Uncertain
Weight: 3.90 gm.
Reference: Crawford 130/1a
Provenance: Numismatica Ibericoin, 6-Jul-11

Staff and feather. One of the few early denarii with a symbol on both the obverse and the reverse. Crawford differentiates 130/1a from 1b with a curl on the left shoulder. In this example it is just a blip at 5:30. Well centered and nearly complete but for a weak area in the near horse’s hind legs at 8:00 reverse. Really lovely surfaces and old toning, AEF.
1 commentsSteve B512/19/18 at 03:55Carausius: Wonderful coin with very interesting obverse style...
C. SERVEILI M.F - Denarius, Crawford 239/122 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 136 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma R, necklace of pendants and elaborately decorated griffon tufts along the back of the helmet. Wreath behind above mark of value - voided x. ROMA below.

Reverse: Dioscuri Riding in opposite directions, heads reverted; In exergue, C. SERVEILI.M.F; border of dots.

Mint: Rome
Weight: 3.90 gm.
Reference: Crawford 239/1
Provenance: CNG auction 85 lot 780, 16-Sep-2010. ex. Edward Gans collection. (Gans was the founder of the original Numismatic Fine Arts and issued catalogs until the early 1960’s. NFA was later purchased by Bruce McNall)

This unusually elaborate style of Roma on the obverse and the dioscuri on the reverse is unique to this issue, and one of the early deviations from the consistent Roma/Dioscuri fashions of the first 70 years of the denarius.

This issue is quite common with many high grade examples available. The coin is somewhat darkly toned but with underlying silver sheen. Lovely and Near EF.
2 commentsSteve B512/19/18 at 03:48Carausius: Very pretty coin, with terrific detail on the Dios...
Carausius Antoninianus 'LITIT AV'18 viewsCarausius antoninianus
286 - 293ad

Bust facing right

Laetitia standing facing left

Rarer type?
1 commentsHarry G12/17/18 at 16:06Carausius: Well done, getting the scarcer Laetitia reverse in...
128/1. Decia - denarius (206-200 BC)13 viewsAR Denarius (uncertain mint, 206-200 BC)
O/ Helmeted head of Roma right; X behind head.
R/ The Dioscuri galloping right; shield & carnyx below horses; ROMA in exergue.
4.01g; 20.5mm
Crawford 128/1 (less than 10 obverse dies/less than 12 reverse dies)
- Privately bought from Münzen & Medaillen Basel.
- Ex collection of Elvira Elisa Clain-Stefanelli (1914-2001), former director of the National Numismatic Collection (part of the Smithsonian Institute).
- Naville Numismatics Live Auction 29, lot 479.

* Anonymous (shield & carnyx), Decius?:

This very rare issue has traditionally been attributed to a descendant of a line of three heroes named Publius Decius Mus. The first of that name was Consul in 340 BC; he received the Grass Crown after having saved his army from destruction against the Samnites, then sacrificed himself at the Battle of Vesuvius during his consulship in an act of devotio (exchanging his life against the victory of his army). His son was four times Consul (312, 308, 297 and 295 BC) and similarly sacrificed himself at the Battle of Sentinum in 295 BC against a coalition of Etruscans, Samnites, and Gauls. The third of that name was Consul in 279 BC and fought against Pyrrhus, who successfully thwarted his attempt to sacrifice himself like his ancestors (cf. discussion in Broughton, vol. I, p. 193).

300 years later, Trajan restored several issues of the Republic, including this one, but with the addition of DECIVS MVS on the obverse (RIC 766). Babelon thus assumed that this denarius was minted by the son of the last Publius Decius Mus (Decia 1). In this hypothesis, the shield and Carnyx refers to the second Mus -- the one who fought the Gauls.

However, Crawford contested this view, writing: "The restoration of this issue by Trajan with the added legend DECIVS MVS provides no grounds whatever for supposing that it was originally struck by someone of that name - the family was certainly extinct by this period."

It is still very strange that Trajan picked this rare denarius, from an irregular mint, for restoration. He could have chosen many other anonymous issues of the early Roman coinage, and simply add the name of Decius Mus. It thus shows that the imperial mint had retained some specimens or archives of previous issues up to the 3rd century BC, because due to its rarity, this denarius had already disappeared from circulation by the time of Trajan. A list of the magistrates behind each issue could therefore have been kept as well; Trajan might have selected the moneyers whom he thought were significant for the history of Rome and restored their issue. A Publius Decius Subulo was living in these years (Livy, xliii. 17) and perhaps minted this coin; his name could have been preserved in the archives of the mint, which might have led Trajan to pick his denarius for restoration.
1 commentsJoss12/14/18 at 16:32Carausius: A wholesome example of a rare type. I agree, Craw...
L.SAVF - Denarius, Crawford 204/115 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 152 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with peaked visor; “X” behind; Border of dots
Reverse: Victory in Biga.L.SAVF below. ROMA in raised letters in a two line framed border.

Mint: Rome
Weight: 3.97 gm.
Reference: Crawford 204/1
Provenance: Naville 5, 24-Feb-2014. Lot 96

Moneyer L. Saufeius, Not otherwise known.
Reverse slightly off-center obscuring the ROMA Legend, otherwise EF.
1 commentsSteve B512/11/18 at 13:00Carausius: Terrific surfaces.
M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus26 viewsM. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus. Denarius 69 BC. Rome. 4 grs.
Obs. : Draped female bust l., wearing winged diadem; behind, control mark.
Rev. : Anguipedic monster on pediment of temple, with base inscribed M. PLAETORI; in exergue, CEST S·C. Babelon Plaetoria 9. Sydenham 799a. RBW 1447. Crawford 405/1b.
3 commentslabienus12/09/18 at 17:23Carausius: Fantastic example of a rare type.
C.SCR - Denarius, Crawford 201/113 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 154 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with peaked visor; “X” behind; Border of dots
Reverse: C.SCR - Dioscuri riding r. C.SCR below. ROMA in raised letters in and framed border

Mint: Rome
Weight: 4.30 gm.
Reference: Crawford 201/1
Provenance: CNG eSale 277, Lot 173, 11-APR-2012.

Crawford suggests the moneyer is C. Scribonius, Praef. Socium 181 BC.
Lovely example, graded at least GVF.
1 commentsSteve B512/07/18 at 23:26Carausius: Nice centering and attractive. Just yesterday, I p...
Bruttium Rhegium Æ 2351 viewsLaureate head of Asklepios right

Hygieia standing left, holding serpent; III to left

Rhegium, 203-150 BC

6.28g Æ 23

(R2) Very rare

HN Italy 2560; SNG ANS 786-8, MIAMG.3645

Ex-American Rarities (Boulder); Ex-Ebay

4 commentsJay GT412/06/18 at 03:52Carausius: Great! Congratulations.
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Q Pompeius Rufus, AR Denarius honoring Sulla.39 viewsQ Pompeius Rufus (moneyer) in honor of his grandfathers Lucius Cornelius Sulla (Dictator 82–79 BC) and Q Pompeius Rufus (Consul with Sulla in 88 BC).
AR Denarius, Roma mint, Struck 54 BC.
Obv. SVLLA COS, bare head of the dictator L.Cornelus Sulla, consul 88 BC, right.
Rev. RVFVS COS / Q POM RVFI, bare head of Q.Pompeius Rufus, consul 88BC, right.
RSC Pompeia 4 (I, 77); Crawford 434/1; Sydenham 908.
Provenance: Munzengalerie Dieter Grunow, Germany.
1 commentsapyatygin12/04/18 at 03:59Carausius: Lovely coin and a terrific Sulla portrait!
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Ti Claudius Ti.f. Ap. n. Nero123 viewsAR Denarius, Rome mint, 79 BC
Obv: Diademed and draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder. S.C. before. Border of dots
Rev: Victory in biga right, holding palm branch and reins in left hand, and laurel wreath in right hand. Control-mark A.IIII above exergue. TI.CLAVD.TI.F/ APN in exergue. Border of dots.
Weight: 3.88g
Crawford 383/1 | Sear RCV I 310 | RSC Claudia 6
ex F Sternberg Auction VII, Zurich, November 1977, Lot 378
3 commentsnemesis12/04/18 at 03:56Carausius: Very pleasing example. I have several coins from ...
VAR monogram - Denarius, Crawford 126/114 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 206-200 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with peaked visor; “X” behind; Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; Below, VAR monogram; in two line border, “ROMA”.
Mint: Uncertain
Weight: 3.90 gm.
Reference: Crawford 126/1
Provenance: NAC 72, 18-NOV-2013, Lot 40; ex Glendening’s Sale 8-OCT-1975, Dr. H. F. Harwood part 1, lot 17

VAR monogram. From the “Collection of Roman Republican Coins of a Student and his Mentor – Part II” sale by NAC. Rare. Crawford suggests the moneyer is A. Terentius Varro, who was prefect in 184 BC. Lovely old cabinet tone, Some minor oxidation that does not distract from the overall detail of the coin. NAC graded about EF. The coin is VF.
1 commentsSteve B511/20/18 at 18:20Carausius: Wonderful coin and terrific provenance. I've ...
RIC 144 Domitian Denarius 86 viewsIMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M
Laureate head of Domitian right

Eagle standing front on thunderbolt, wings outspread, head left

Rome 82-83 AD

RIC 144 (R)

Ex-inumis France
11 commentsJay GT411/10/18 at 15:33Carausius: Lovely coin, Jay! Congratulations.
Crawford 30/1 Didrachm quadrigatus21 viewsDenomination: Didrachm
Era: c. 225-214 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Laureate, Janiform head of Dioscuri. Border of dots
Reverse: Jupitetr in quadriga r., driven by Vicotry. Jupiter holds scepter in l. hand and hurls thunderbolt with r. hand, ROMA incuse on raised tablet. Line border
Weight: 6.66 gm.
Reference: Crawford 30/1
Provenance: Private purchase from an associate of Matteo Cavedoni (Numismatica Florentina) 1-JUN-2007

Comments: This is Crawford’s 3rd sequence of quadrigati, distinguished by Victory standing on the tailboard of the chariot rather than in the chariot with Jupiter. Reverse slightly off-center, otherwise nicely toned and GVF.
2 commentsSteve B510/12/18 at 13:57Carausius: Lovely, high-relief example. In addition to the l...
Denarius, Crawford 197/1a16 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: C. 157-156 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with peaked visor. Behind, “X”. Border of dots
Reverse: Victory in biga right, holding goad in right hand and reins in left; in linear frame, ROMA

Mint: Rome
Weight: 3.99 gm.
Reference: Crawford 197/1a
Provenance: CNG 75

Comments: GEF with lovely light iridescent toning and considerable luster.
2 commentsSteve B510/10/18 at 20:49Carausius: Beautiful coin!
Denarius, Crawford 164/1b8 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: after 179-170 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with peaked visor. Behind, “X”. Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; in linear frame. “ROMA”. Line border
Mint: Rome
Weight: 3.51 gm.
Reference: Crawford 164/1b
Provenance: Negrini Asta Publica December 16, 2011, Lot 163

Comments: The distinguishing characteristics of Crawford 164/1b include:
• Unusual waving style cape with three broad lines, unique to this sub-variety
• Extra horse’s tail
• Stars nearly in front of the heads of the Dioscuri
• Stars are four pointed “X”s
• Obverse displays very large triangular griffon tufts on the back of Roma's helmet

Quite scarce. Struck on a slightly oval flan, otherwise, GVF.
1 commentsSteve B510/10/18 at 20:48Carausius: Excellent example of the taxonomy.
Denarius, Crawford 75/1c11 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 209-208 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with splayed visor of three straight lines. Hair curl visible on far side of Roma’s neck. Behind, “X”. Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; in linear frame. “ROMA”.
Mint: Sicily
Weight: 4.33 gm.
Reference: Crawford 75/1c
Provenance: CNG auction 85 lot 762

Comments: Crawford 75/1c is the unsigned version of the C.AL series represented in Crawford’s 75/1a and 75/1b.

Obverse: The visor is composed of three raised nearly parallel lines extending from the hinge over the ear. Occasionally these are slightly splayed but always straight lines. The three lines are most commonly close together, nearly parallel, and don’t separate near the end. There are four prominent locks of hair falling from the back of the neck, and sometimes less prominent ones surrounding. There is a distinctive curl in front of the ear, and another curl in front of the neck. There is frequently a loop under the visor, although there is none on this example.

Reverse: The rider’s cape is of the “scrolling” style. The stars above the head of the dioscuri most often have long rays around a center dot. The tail of the far horse is visible between the two pair of hind legs.
2 commentsSteve B510/05/18 at 02:59Carausius: Wonderful example that perfectly illustrates the t...
Crawford 13/121 viewsDenomination: Didrachm
Era: c. 300-280 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of bearded Mars L. Behind, Oak Spray.
Reverse: Horse’s head R. on base. Behind, corn ear. ROMANO on base of horse’s head.
Weight: 6.45 gm
Reference: Crawford 13/1
Provenance: Kunker eLive Auction 50, 18-JUL-2018.
Ex. Fritz Rudolf Künker 34, Osnabrück 1996, No. 173.

Comments: Oak spray on obverse is very light and off flan, but in-hand, the spray is obviously there. There are five curious edge cuts (test cuts?) near each other at 10-11 o'clock obv. Rare dies. Some private discussion of the authenticity but 5 coins show up in ACSearch (after 1999) and other sources with the same obverse die. Two of these have a different reverse dies. The coin is light, but all examples are light(ish), with the heaviest being 7.12 g. and the lightest is my coin 6.45 g. The second lightest of the group is 6.51 g. I am convinced it is authentic.
3 commentsSteve B509/28/18 at 19:33Carausius: Interesting dies. Is any tooling evident in hand -...
Crawford 20/1 - Hercules and Wolf and Twins19 viewsDenomination: Didrachm
Era: c. 269-266 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Head of Hercules R. Club and lionskin over shoulder. Border of dots.
Reverse: She-2olf r., suckling twins. ROMANO in exergue.
Weight: 7.21 gm
Reference: Crawford 20/1
Provenance: CNG shop, 09-MAR-2009

Comments: Obverse fully centered and complete. Reverse struck from a somewhat worn die, and slightly off-center obscuring the “O” in ROMONO. GVF/VF.
3 commentsSteve B509/28/18 at 19:28Carausius: Wonderfully centered, well-struck example.
Anonymous AR Didrachm (Quadrigatus) - Janiform head and Jupiter in Quadriga (Crawf. 30/1)70 viewsAR Didrachm (Quadrigatus)
Uncertain mint, 225-214 BC
6.57g, 22mm

Obv: Laureate head of youthful Janus or Dioscuri

Rev: Jupiter holding sceptre and brandishing thunderbolt, in quadriga driven to right by Victory; ROMA incuse on raised tablet below.

Crawford 30/1; RSC 23; Sydenham 64b

Roma Numismatics Auction XVI, 498
From a private Swiss collection, outside of Italy prior to January 2011.
7 commentsKained but Able09/28/18 at 19:25Carausius: Perfect!!
Anonymous AR Didrachm (Quadrigatus) - Janiform head and Jupiter in Quadriga (Crawf. 30/1)70 viewsAR Didrachm (Quadrigatus)
Uncertain mint, 225-214 BC
6.57g, 22mm

Obv: Laureate head of youthful Janus or Dioscuri

Rev: Jupiter holding sceptre and brandishing thunderbolt, in quadriga driven to right by Victory; ROMA incuse on raised tablet below.

Crawford 30/1; RSC 23; Sydenham 64b

Roma Numismatics Auction XVI, 498
From a private Swiss collection, outside of Italy prior to January 2011.
7 commentsKained but Able09/28/18 at 00:30Carausius: Beautiful coin. Note that in your description, ROM...
Tiberius Obol Ex Dattari plate coin Alexandria85 viewsEgypt, Alexandria. Dattari. Tiberius, 14-37 Obol circa 19-20 (year 6), Æ 20.1mm., 5.67g.
Obv: Laureate head r.
Rev. TIBEPIOY Hippopotamus standing r.; in exergue,
L Geissen -. RPC 5087 (this coin cited). Dattari-Savio Pl. 4, 103 (this coin).
Brown tone, About Very Fine.
From the Dattari collection.
Naville Numismatics Aution 43, Lot 250 September 23, 2018
5 commentsorfew09/24/18 at 23:49Carausius: Congratulations!
Vespasian-RIC-116088 viewsÆ Dupondius, 11.14g
Lyon mint, 71 AD
RIC 1160 (R2). BMC 809.
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG COS III; Head of Vespasian, radiate, r.; globe at point of bust
Rev: VICTORIA NAVALIS; S C in field; Victory stg. r. on prow, with wreath and palm
Acquired from Victor's Imperial Coins, September 2018.

The Victory on prow type is traditionally attributed to the naval victory Vespasian won on Lake Gennesaret (Sea of Galilee) during the Jewish War. By any definition it is a most bizarre 'naval' battle indeed. Near the close of the Galilean campaign, Vespasian and Titus marched to Lake Gennesaret in order to secure the cities along its coastline. Tiberias fell without much resistance, but the neighbouring city of Taricheae was a tougher nut to crack. Home to many of the Jewish rebels who had fled Tiberias, they put up a small fight on the plain outside the city and were quickly defeated by Titus' troops who then stormed the city and began slaughtering the inhabitants. Many of the rebels took flight to waiting boats they had previously commandeered on the lake. These were likely local fishing or ferry vessels not intended for use in war. Vespasian ordered the legionaries to construct large rafts in order to pursue the rebel's makeshift flotilla. With the coastline guarded by Roman horsemen the legionaries launched their rafts and sailed out in a large line toward the enemy. The Jewish boats were no match for the heavily armoured Roman rafts. The legionaries easily picked off the Jewish rebels who had no means of escape. The slaughter was intense, so much so that Josephus claims 6,500 Jews were killed. Several years later during Vespasian and Titus' Jewish War Triumph in Rome, ships were displayed to commemorate the battle. Were the Victoria Navalis coins struck with the same event in mind? As unlikely as it seems, the impromptu 'naval' battle at Lake Gennesaret is the best candidate for Vespasian striking this Actium-lite reverse type. The connection to Augustus would not have been lost on his contemporaries. Flavian propaganda at its most exaggerated.

This Victoria Navalis dupondius struck at Lugdunum (Lyon) is much rarer than the Rome mint variants, which are more commonly seen on the As issues. The 'severe' portrait along with the globe at the base of the neck help to distinguish them from their Rome mint counterparts.
5 commentsDavid Atherton09/13/18 at 13:53Carausius: Interesting coin and story.
Sybaris, Lucania53 views550-510 BC
AR Obol (10mm, 0.44g)
O: Bull (Ox?) standing left, head turned back to right; VM in exergue.
R: Large MV monogram; four pellets around.
SNG ANS 853; HN Italy 1739; Hands Type I, IV
ex Tom Vossen

This coin dates from the original Greek colony, Sybaris I, before its destruction by the Krotones in 511-510 BC.
The MV monogram on the reverse actually reads 'SY' for Sybaris, and I believe the VM in exergue on the obverse is 'MV' retrograde.
The bull device seen on all early types from Sybaris, and later on the coins of her colonies at Poseidonia and Thurii, may in fact be a white ox at the mother city.
4 commentsEnodia09/11/18 at 01:48Carausius: Congratulations on this oldie but goodie.
Cr 25/3 AE Litra Anonymous28 viewsc 241-235 BCE Anonymous bronze Litra
16 mm, 3.07 grams
o: Head of Mars, right, beardless, wearing Corinthian helmet
r: ROMA below Horse head, right, with bridle; behind, sickle
Crawford 25/3
Ex. RBW collection
1 commentsPMah09/11/18 at 01:38Carausius: Lovely little coin in fine style with little actua...
Victoriatus of Luceria with scraggly hair23 viewsDenomination: Victoriatus
Metal: AR
Obverse: Laureate head of Jupiter. Bead and reel border.
Reverse: Victory holding Wreath over military trophy. ROMA in Exergue. Archaic "L" in field between Victory and trophy
Weight: 3.01 gm
Reference: Crawford 98/1a
Provenance: CNG, private purchase from Victor England, Aug 11, 2016

Comments: Struck with new dies both obverse and reverse with reflective fields. Slightly ragged flan and minor weakness in Victory’s head. Otherwise FDC.
2 commentsSteve B509/11/18 at 01:32Carausius: Beautiful surfaces.
Victoriatus of Luceria - Archaic L-T monogram14 viewsDenomination: Victoriatus
Metal: AR
Obverse: Laureate head of Jupiter. In border of dots.
Reverse: Victory holding Wreath over military trophy. ROMA in Exergue. L-T monogram in field between Victory and trophy
Weight: 3.43 gm
Reference: Crawford 98a/1b
Provenance: CNG private purchase from Victor England, August 2, 2017

Comments: Unusual obverse style for this issue. Reverse slightly off center, otherwise EF.

1 commentsSteve B509/11/18 at 01:16Carausius: Really terrific group of victoriati.
Victoriatus of Luceria with hair in ringlets31 viewsDenomination: Victoriatus
Metal: AR
Obverse: Laureate head of Jupiter. Bead and reel border.
Reverse: Victory holding Wreath over military trophy. ROMA in Exergue. Archaic L in field between Victory and trophy
Weight: 3.13 gm
Reference: Crawford 97/1b
Provenance: CNG private purchase from Victor England, August 2, 2017

Comments: Near FDC
2 commentsSteve B509/11/18 at 01:04Carausius: Fabulous example with the characteristic tight cur...
Julius Caesar Denarius - Cr 468/117 viewsJulius Caesar Denarius. 46-45 BC, Spanish mint. Diademed head of Venus right, Cupid on her shoulder / CAESAR below Gallia & Gaulish captive seated beneath trophy of Gallic arms. Syd 1014, Crawford 468/1. 1 commentsAldo09/09/18 at 05:07Carausius: Nice, complete example of a scarcer type.
RRC 53/2 Denarius Group 118 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Metal: AR
Obverse: Head of Roma with Peaked visor, X mark of value behind
Reverse: Dioscuri riding r., flag cape., ROMA in raised letters in trapezoidal frame.
Weight: 4.44 gm
Reference: Crawford 53/2
Provenance: Roma Numismatics. February 3, 2018

Comments: Trapezoidal frame group. Group 1 with flag cape and front hooves of the horses rising high.
1 commentsSteve B509/03/18 at 01:32Carausius: Interesting note on the angle of the horses. I...
Crawford 53/2 Denarius Group 611 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Metal: AR
Obverse: Head of Roma with Peaked visor, X mark of value behind
Reverse: Dioscuri riding r., streaming cape., ROMA in 3-line rectangular frame.
Weight: 4.3 gm
Reference: Crawford 53/2
Provenance: Harlan Berk July 15, 2011, Ex. M&M AG Auction 19, June, 1959.

Comments: Group 6 denarius with curved visor and small griffon tufts. Streaming cape. Well Centered and EF.
1 commentsSteve B509/03/18 at 01:26Carausius: Beautiful coin and terrific provenance.
Vespasian AR denarius68 viewsVESPASIAN (69-79). Denarius. Ephesus.
(3.00 g. 17 mm.)
Laureate head right.
Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm frond; monogram to right.
RIC² 1425. (R3)
Condition: Very fine.
Numismatik Naumann Auction 69 Lot 348

Here is another Vespasian denarius minted in Ephesus. The quality of the engraving on these issues never fails to impress me. While the portrait on this example is a bit worn, the reverse is truly impressive. The victory is lovely and the legend is clear and crisp. This is an example where, in my opinion, the reverse outshines the obverse.

The other interesting aspect of this coin is its rarity. According to a reliable source this example is the second known of its type. It is listed in RIC II Part One as R3-one known example in the collections examined. The RIC example is the other known example. I feel very lucky to be the custodian of this coin.

I will continue to pursue these Ephesian denarii mostly for their style and because the reverse themes make them interesting. I hope that more will find their way into my collection.
6 commentsorfew09/02/18 at 19:30Carausius: Wonderful coin! Congratulations.
1676 Charles II AR "Pattern Farthing"30 viewsObverse: CAROLVS•A•CAROLO•. Laureate and cuirassed bust of Charles II with long hair facing left, 1676 below.
Reverse: QVATVOR•MARIA VINDICO•. Britannia seated facing left, holding laurel branch and spear; BRITANNIA in exergue. No pellet between MARIA and VINDICO.
Diameter: 26mm | Weight: 5.9gms | Die Axis: 12h
Peck : 492

This periwigged portrait of Charles II was designed by Jan (John) Roettier (1631 - 1700).
The legend, "Quatuor Maria Vindico," means "I claim the four seas," which Peck explains was "intended to give prominence to the king's pride and interest in the navy." The reason this legend never appeared on circulating coinage was probably because the legend was thought to be too provocative to the King of France.

It was Montagu who called this a Roettier pattern farthing of Charles II which, until the discovery in 1903 of 89 specimens in the cabinet of the Marquis of Ailsbury, had hitherto been considered the rarest of the “pattern farthings” of this type.
Peck, however, rejected Montagu's idea that these were patterns and wrote that it was much more likely that they were official medalets. In support of this view it should be noted that not only was this issue struck on a broader flan than usual, it was produced some four years after the issue of regular farthings had begun. It is perhaps also significant that this issue is unknown in copper and that it's die orientation is 12h (medallic orientation), against the 6h orientation which is the norm for the regular farthing coinage of the period. Incidentally, the silver value of this "farthing" would have been equivalent to one shilling and sixpence, that is 72 times the face value of a farthing at the time.
3 comments*Alex08/29/18 at 02:39Carausius: Fascinating rarity!
Cr 344/4a AE As L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus 18 viewsRome, 89 BC. (31mm, 11.94g, 9h)
o: Laureate head of Janus
r: Prow right, L TITVRI L F above, [SABINVS] below, I before
Crawford 344/4a; RBW 1304
1 commentsPMah08/28/18 at 04:17Carausius: Attractive coin that I nearly bid on myself!
Cr 390/1 AR Denarius L. Lucretius Trio 35 viewsRome, 74 BCE
o: Radiate head of Sol right
r: Crescent moon surrounded by seven stars; TRIO above, L•LVCRETI below
Crawford 390/1; Lucretia 2.
(3.85g, 16mm, 12h)
4 commentsPMah08/28/18 at 04:16Carausius: Very attractive example.
Cr 448/1a AR Denarius L. Hostilius Saserna 21 viewsRome, 48 BCE
o: Female head right, wearing laurel wreath
r: Victory walking right, holding trophy over left shoulder and caduceus in right hand; L•HOSTILIVS downwards before, SASERNA upwards behind. Crawford 448/1a; RSC Hostilia 5.
3.90g, 18mm, 10h.
1 commentsPMah08/28/18 at 04:12Carausius: Lovely coin. I prefer this of your two specimens....
RRC 53/2 Denarius - Group 321 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Metal: AR
Obverse: Head of Roma with Peaked visor, X mark of value behind
Reverse: Dioscuri riding r., streaming cape., ROMA in raised letters in trapezoidal frame.
Weight: 3.97gm
Reference: Crawford 53/2
Provenance: NAC 92 Part 1, May 25, 2016, From the collection of E.E. Clain-Stefanelli.

Comments: Trapezoidal frame group. The hind legs are in a crouched pose with the hock bent further to the left than any other part of the leg (similar pose is seen in 53(A)). Hatched tail between horse’s legs (unique to this variety). Complete and about FDC. One of the finest known specimens of this variety.
2 commentsSteve B508/25/18 at 16:58Carausius: Beautiful coin with wonderful surfaces and metal q...
Crawford 53/2 Denarius Group 417 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Metal: AR
Obverse: Head of Roma with Peaked visor, X mark of value behind
Reverse: Dioscuri riding r., Scrolling “B” cape., ROMA in raised letters in three-line rectangular frame.
Weight: 4.43 gm
Reference: Crawford 53/2
Provenance: Titano 42, Lot 75, September 15, 2012

Comments: Group 4 with scrolling cape (Cape terminates in a scrolling capital “B”). Large stars. Loop under visor, a characteristic also often seen on group 1 and usually seen on the Sicilian issues RRC 72-78.
1 commentsSteve B508/25/18 at 16:56Carausius: Exceptional detail on the Dioscuri!
Group 53(A) Not in Crawford15 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Metal: AR
Obverse: Head of Roma with Peaked visor, X mark of value behind
Reverse: Dioscuri riding r., streaming cape., ROMA in raised letters in trapezoidal frame.
Weight: 4.41gm
Reference: Crawford 53/2
Provenance: ROMA Coins, June 1, 2016, Ex. InAsta 21, lot 150.

Comments: 53(A). Early Trapezoidal frame group. Style is not in Crawford plates. Head of Roma with four locks of hair at the back of the neck (Most varieties have 3 locks). The hair binding is clearly visible above the four locks of hair, and this is unique to this variety in the 53/2 series. On the reverse, the horse's hind legs are bent at the hock, so that the hind hooves are ahead of the hock. Very Rare.
1 commentsSteve B508/25/18 at 16:55Carausius: Interesting variety!
44/6 Quinarius - Dot Variety21 viewsDenomination: Quinarius
Metal: AR
Obverse: Head of Roma with 3-bar splayed visor, V mark of value behind. Dot under neck.
Reverse: Dioscuri riding r. with streaming cape. Horse’s tail hangs down. ROMA in relief.
Weight: 2.22 gms
Reference: Crawford 44/6
Provenance: CNG, eSale 279 lot 209
Comments: Early Quinarius. Group 2, with splayed visor and horse tail hanging downward. Three bar visor. This is the “dot” variety, with dot below the truncation. See P. Debernardi, “The Orzivecchi Hoard and the Beginnings of the Denarius.” NC, 2014 pp. 75-89.
1 commentsSteve B508/23/18 at 12:58Carausius: Your entire group of sestertii is terrific. I'...
Victoriatus Cr. 44/119 viewsDenomination: Victoriatus
Metal: AR
Obverse: Jupiter L.,
Reverse: Victory holding up wreath in r., Trophy on l. with helmet, shield and spears. Trophy has skirt and base, with two raised rings around column.
Weight: 3.23 gms
Reference: Crawford 44/1
Provenance: Victor England, March 2017
Comments: Obverse head in high style for the issue. Reverse well struck.
1 commentsSteve B508/23/18 at 12:56Carausius: Very attractive example and particularly well stru...
Denarius Group 314 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Metal: AR
Obverse: Head of Roma with three line splayed visor, X mark of value behind
Reverse: Dioscuri riding r. with streaming cape. ROMA in semi-incuse frame.
Weight: 4.44 gm
Reference: Crawford 44/5
Provenance: Numismatica Tintina Auction, July 27, 2010
Comments: Among the earliest denarii. Group 3, With three line visor, unbound hair, and sharply bent wing, pointing downward on Roma’s helmet. Reverse b. There are three reverses for this variety, one with flag cape and one with a wavy cape, and one with streaming cape. This is the streaming cape variety.

This variety is die-linked to group 1 and group 4.
1 commentsSteve B508/12/18 at 14:14Carausius: Beautiful example with wonderful surfaces.
44/6 Quinarius group 2 22 viewsDenomination: Quinarius
Metal: AR
Obverse: Head of Roma with 3-bar splayed visor, V mark of value behind
Reverse: Dioscuri riding r. with streaming cape. Horse’s tail hangs down. ROMA in relief.
Weight: 2.21 gms
Reference: Crawford 44/6
Provenance: M&M Gmbh, Auction 40, Lot 485
Comments: Early Quinarius. Group 2, with splayed visor and horse tail hanging downward. Three bar visor
2 commentsSteve B508/12/18 at 14:13Carausius: Lovely coin. Check the marks of value in your qui...
Denarius Group 411 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Metal: AR
Obverse: Head of Roma with three line splayed visor, X mark of value behind
Reverse: Dioscuri riding r. with unique wavy cape. ROMA in semi-incuse frame.
Weight: 4.43 gm
Reference: Crawford 44/5
Provenance: NAC 61, The RBW Collection of Roman republican Coins Part 1, October 5, 2011
Comments: Among the earliest denarii. Group 4, with splayed visor, Unique reverse. There are 3 reverses commonly found for this obverse variety, one with flag cape and one with a wavy cape, and one with streaming cape. Reverse die links are known for this group 4 obverse style, linking it to the common reverses of groups 1, and 3; however this is an unusual variation not fitting into any of those 3 standard reverse styles.
1 commentsSteve B508/11/18 at 23:33Carausius: Love the style of this coin. Interesting visor a...
Denarius Group 613 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Metal: AR
Obverse: Head of Roma with splayed visor, X mark of value behind
Reverse: Dioscuri riding r. with streaming cape. Horse’s tail hangs downward. ROMA in relief.
Weight: 3.97 gm
Reference: Crawford 44/5
Provenance: LHS Numismatics, August 16, 2006
Comments: Early Denarius. Group 6, with splayed visor. The latest issues of the Cr. 44/5 groups. No sestertii are known for this variety. Sibling to the early anchor symbol series with griffon tufts on the helmet.

This coin was part of the Ritter-Leu “S” hoard. For more on this hoard, see P. Debernardi and S. Brinkman “An Early Roman Republican Denarius Hoard”, Numismatic Chronicle, 2016.
1 commentsSteve B508/11/18 at 23:30Carausius: Great start to an informative gallery, Steve.
L.CORNELIUS SULLA27 viewsAR denarius. Military mint (Italy). 83 BC. 3,97 grs. Head of Venus right,wearing earring and pearl necklace. On right Cupid standing left holding palm. L.SVLLA below / Two trophies. Between ,praefericulum and lituus. Above IMPER,below ITERVM.
Cr. 359/2 RSC Cornelia 30.
Bremens Beleville 26 Nov 2014 ,lot 251. Ex E.M.collection. Dorotheum ( Viena) June 1956,lot
2718. Ex Apostolo Zeno collection.
1 commentsbenito08/10/18 at 04:54Carausius: Wonderful example, well centered on a full flan; a...
L. LUCRETIUS TRIO50 viewsAR denarius. 76 BC. 3.94 gr. Laureate head of Neptune right; trident and number V behind. / Cupid or genius riding a dolphin right. L LUCRETI / TRIO in two lines below. Toned. Craw 390/2. RSC Lucretia 3. Smyth IX/43. Jean Elsen 89. Lot 921.1 commentsbenito08/10/18 at 04:50Carausius: Beautiful example and unusually well centered!
Carausius53 viewsAE-Antoninianus
IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.
LEG (VII CLA); Bull stg. right.
Ex: ML
RIC 75
1 commentsJulianus of Pannonia08/09/18 at 03:17Carausius: Exceptional condition example of this rare type.
Carausius29 viewsAE-Antoniniaus
IMP C CARAVSIVS P AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.
ORIENS AVG; Radiate Sol walking left, holding whip and raising hand. S / P in Fields.
Ex: C
RIC 293
1 commentsJulianus of Pannonia07/25/18 at 12:15Carausius: Beautiful style and strike.
RIC 0335 Domitianus93 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P IIII, Laureate head right
Rev: IMP VIIII COS XI CENS POT P P, Minerva standing left, with thunderbolt and spear, shield at her left feet
AR/Denarius (20.53 mm 3.482 g 6h) Struck in Rome 85 A.D. (4th issue)
RIC 335 (R2), RSC 178, BMCRE-BNF unlisted
ex Naville Live Auction 41 Lot 533, ex CNG e-sale 320 Lot 404
6 commentsFlaviusDomitianus07/24/18 at 12:29Carausius: Beautiful style. Congratulations.
Carausius44 viewsAE-Antoninianus
CARAVSIVS ET FRATRES SVI; Jugate, radiate and cuirassed busts of Maximianus, Diocletian and Carausius to left.
PAX AVGGG; Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and vertical sceptre; S/P in fields.
Ex: C
3 commentsJulianus of Pannonia07/22/18 at 01:50Carausius: A fantastic and rare coin! I had an opportunity t...
Galba AR Denarius41 viewsGalba, AD 68-69. Denarius, Spain (Tarraco ?), 68. AR 3.25 g.
Obv: GALBA - IMPERTOR Laureate head r., globe at point of bust.
Rev. VIRTVS Virtus, wearing short tunica, standing l., holding parazonium with her l. hand, on her outstretched r. hand Victoria with palm branch and wreath.
RIC 48a (R3) Supplementum Galbianum, Quaderni Ticinesi XII Numismatica E Antichita Classiche 1984. Cf. BMC 341, 194v.; BN III, 36, 34v.; C. 210; RIC 30var. (all with IMP on obv.).
Very rare variant. Toned. Small chips on flan. Almost very fine
Provenance: Auction UBS, Zurich 49 (2000), 365.
Ex: “The Galba Collection”
Hess Divo Auction 333, Lot 100 November 30, 2017
Hess Divo Auction 334 Lot 107 May 29, 2018

Here is another rare denarius of Galba. For a while I thought it was an unpublished variant. It did not appear in RIC 1  (1984).I have to thank Dr. Jryki Muona for supplying the correct reference for me. It appeared in a paper by Sutherland in 1984 entitled Supplementum Galbianum. In this paper several previously unpublished coins of Galba including mine were added. My coin type was given the reference number RIC 48a. Other information including corrections and further information is given in the paper. This coin does not occur in the major museum collections. There is one in the Oxford collection and this is the coin used in the paper cited above. There is one other that was auctioned in 2004 by Gorny & Mosch. I have been unable to find any further examples.

For me the most notable quality of this coin is not the rarity (it is R3: 6-10 examples known in the collections examines for RIC), it is the amazing portrait. I have 4 coins of Galba and not one of the portraits is close to any of the others. There is a remarkable variation in portraits on Galba's denarii, especially considering the short reign of the emperor.

Where was this coin minted? It has the globe at the terminus of the bust. This would seem to indicate Taracco in Spain. However, after some research I have discovered that other mints may have used the globe terminus. In other words, if there is no globe it was not minted in Taracco, if it has the globe it may be Taracco. 

The reverse with Virtvs holding victory does appear on other coins of Galba. However, on the vast majority of these the legend "Vitvus" is on the left and not the right. I have seen 2 other types with "Virtvs" on the right. However, on one the bust has no globe terminus so it is not a Tarraco mint coin. On the other, the obverse legend is different and the coin is probably a product of the Carthage mint in Africa because of the distinctive portrait.

I am very happy to have acquired this coin. It is unusual, interesting, and has a great portrait as well as an interesting reverse.

2 commentsorfew07/13/18 at 19:33Carausius: Classic Spanish style on this denarius. Well done...
001 Julius Caesar AR Lifetime Denarius135 viewsJulius Caesar. AR Denarius, 44 BC.
(19.00 mm 3.68 g)
Obv:. Laureate head right; before, CAESAR IMP; behind, star of eight rays.
Rev: P. SEPVLLIVS MACER. Venus standing left, holding Victory and sceptre (resting on star?).
Cr. 480/5b RSC 41 BMC 4165 Syd 1071Sear (2000) 1412
A very elegant portrait. Perfectly struck on broad flan. Areas of flatness and scratch on obverse, otherwise about VF.
Ex: Artemide Asti E-Auction 43 E, June 9, 2018.

This coin features a lifetime portrait of Julius Caesar as dictator. It took me a while to find one that I liked. When these come up for auction there is much competition for them. It is not that they are particularly rare, one can find numerous examples for sale at any given time, it is the fact that these are sought after by many collectors. A lifetime portrait of Julius Caesar is a major purchase (at least for me), and would be the centerpiece of many ancient coin collections.

This particular coin features a portrait of Julius Caesar on the obverse with the legend “Caesar Imp”, meaning Julius Caesar Imperator. At this time “Imperator” did not exactly mean emperor it was more like victorious general. On the reverse we see Venus standing and the name of the moneyer who issued the coin. Venus is important as Julius Caesar claimed he was a descendant of Venus. The moneyer’s name is P. Sepullius Macer. On some other lifetime denarii the obverse legend is “Dict Perpetuo” or dictator for life. For some Romans this was too much to stand for. The Romans had a troubled history with their kings and did not want to return to those times. Some believe that this coin so troubled high ranking Romans that it led to the assassination of Ceasar.

One fascinating aspect of these lifetime denarii is that they were minted before the assassination. This coin in particular was issued near the end of February which means it was minted mere weeks before the death of Julius Caesar on March 15. One of the ideas that attracted me to ancient coins in the first place concerned holding a piece of important history in one’s hand. It can be argued that the life and death of Caesar were very important to history. Holding one of these coins takes us back to an important and fascinating historical period.

As to the coin itself, it is struck on a large flan, the portrait is well centered, the obverse legend is very easy to read, and the reverse is quite pleasing as well with good details preserved. The obverse portrait has a deep scratch across the head. However, given the other qualities of the coin this was easy to overlook.
7 commentsorfew07/13/18 at 19:32Carausius: Congratulations, Andrew!
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0076.-- Not in !!!, -/-//XXIV, Bust F5/Gvar., RIC V-II Not in !!!, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, Very Rare!!!194 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0076.-- Not in !!!, -/-//XXIV, Bust F5/Gvar., RIC V-II Not in !!!, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, Very Rare!!!
avers: IMP PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding a spear. (F5/Gvar.).
reverse: SOLI IN VICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding a whip.
exergue: -/-//XXIV, diameter: 20,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,63g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 5th. emission of Siscia, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II -- Not in !!!, Alföldi 0076.-- Not in !!!, Very Rare!!!
3 commentsquadrans06/25/18 at 01:16Carausius: Terrific acquisition!
Lucania, Metapontom stater76 viewsRaised barley corn

Incuse barley corn

Metapontom, 440-510 BC


Tight flan series NOE 243-256; HN Italy 1485

Ex-DM collection, Ex-HJB, Ex-Calgary coin

An Achaean colony of great antiquity, Metapontion was destroyed and refounded early in the 6th century by colonists from Sybaris under the leadership of Leukippos. The city occupied an exceptionally fertile plain on the Gulf of Tarentum, which explains the use of the barley ear as its civic badge. Metapontion, along with Sybaris and Kroton produced the earliest coinage in Magna Graecia. The coins of these cities share three features: weight standard, broad and thin flans, and incuse reverses. These features were then adopted by neighboring mints at Kaulonia and elsewhere in southern Italy. While the reasoning behind the choice of these shared features is not clear, the common weight and style facilitated circulation between the cities of south Italy. The mixed contents of the earliest hoards from the region support this idea of free circulation of currency. It is interesting that these common features, indigenous to south Italy, also tended to keep the coins in south Italy. They are rarely found elsewhere in Italy, not even in Sicily. After approximately 510 B.C., the date of the destruction of Sybaris by Kroton, the fabric of the coins throughout south Italy became smaller and thicker, though still with incuse reverses. In the years between 480 and 430 B.C., sooner in Tarentum and later in Metapontion, the incuse issues were replaced by a two sided coinage.
6 commentsJay GT406/25/18 at 01:15Carausius: Attractive example, Jay. Well done!
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1792 (Estiot), RIC V-I 003, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, -/-//ΓXXIR, Emperor and Concordia, #2179 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1792 (Estiot), RIC V-I 003, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, -/-//ΓXXIR, Emperor and Concordia, #2
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCO RDIA AVG G, Empress standing right, holding an unidentified object in left hand, clasping the hand of Emperor standing left, holding short sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Empress 2)
exergue: -/-//ΓXXIR, diameter: 21,0mm, weight: 4,10g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, iss-10, off-3 , date: 274 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 3., T-1792 (Estiot), C-,
2 commentsquadrans06/20/18 at 19:54Carausius: Beautiful example!
Antoninus Pius Italia111 viewsANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III
Laureate head right

Italia, towered, seated l. on globe, holding cornucopiae and sceptre.

Rome 140-143
RIC 73c. BMC 214

Ex-Pella Coins and Antiquities
4 commentsJay GT405/26/18 at 02:27Carausius: Terrific depiction of Italia!
Vespasian-RIC-1432133 viewsAR Denarius, 3.29g
Ephesus Mint, 71 AD
RIC 1432 (R2). BMC p. 96, *. RSC 281. RPC 834 (2 spec.).
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE; Victory adv. l., with wreath and palm; at lower l., EPHE
Acquired from Pavlos S. Pavlov, May 2018.

Victory advancing left was a commonly struck reverse type at Ephesus up until Vespasian's COS III issue. From this issue going forward, the mint favoured the Victory advancing right and sparingly struck the advancing left variant. As a matter of fact, the left Victory virtually disappears by the time the COS V issue was produced. So, a very rare type for COS III - just 2 Victory left specimens versus 14 right specimens cited in RPC.

Fabulous Ephesian style!

12 commentsDavid Atherton05/23/18 at 10:44Carausius: Beautiful coin. Magnificent style. Congratulations...
LEG IIII41 viewsM. Antonius. Denarius mint moving with Antonius, 32-31, AR 18mm., 3.23g. Galley r., with sceptre tied with fillet on prow; above, ANT AVG; below, III VIR R P C. Rev. Aquila between two standards; below, LEG – IIII. Crawford 544/16.

Ex-Gutierrez Ruesga Spain, Ex- Jay GT4.

Photo courtesy of Jay GT4.

3 commentsAldo04/17/18 at 18:26Carausius: Exceptional provenance!
Vespasian from Tarraco or uncertain Spanish mint. 84 viewsDenarius for Vespasian from a Spanish mint. Circa 69-70 AD.
3.44 grs & 17 mm.
Obs. : laureate head left. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG.
Rev. : Libertas stg left with pileus & rod. LIBERTAS PVBLICA.
RIC 1339 (R2).
See very precise description in David's own exemplar.
8 commentslabienus04/11/18 at 15:41Carausius: Lovely coin. Congratulations!
L. Papius Denarius Serratus - Juno Sospita with Griffin (Crawf. 384/1)40 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 79 BC

Obv: Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat's skin; symbol (stick with strap?) behind

Rev: Griffin springing right; symbol (bowling ninepin?) below; L• PAPI in exergue.

Crawford 384/1; RSC Papia 1 (symbols 44); Grueber type 96

Roma Numismatics Auction XV, 380
ex. Roma Numismatics Auction VI, 765.
3 commentsKained but Able04/06/18 at 14:58Carausius: Very attractive example. Those symbols will requi...
Anonymous Didrachm / Quadrigatus40 viewsAnonymous. Silver Didrachm (6.80g, 22.5mm), ca. 225-214 BC. Uncertain mint.

RRC 28/3 or similar (Is there any resource to further discuss the anonymous quadrigati?)

O: Laureate head of Janus (Dioscuri?), two annulets atop head.
R: ROMA incuse on solid tablet in exergue, Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter, in galloping quadriga right driven by Victory.

ex Asta del Titano M3, lot#91
4 commentsNorbert03/19/18 at 22:52Carausius: Your 28/3 attribution is correct. Gentilehomme is...
286/1 M. Sergius Silus66 viewsM. Sergius Silus. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 116-115 B.C. (3.81g, 17.98mm, 9h). Obv: Helmeted head of Roma, EcX SC before, ROMA X (XVI ligature) behind. Rev: helmeted horseman galloping left, holding sword and severed Gallic head in left hand, Q below horse’s forelegs, M SERGI below, SILVS in ex. RSC I Sergia 1a, Sear 163, Ex Warren Esty.

The reverse depicts the grandfather of the moneyer, who, during the Punic War, reportedly suffered 23 wounds and the loss of a hand but continued the fight. The EX SC on the obverse indicates the coin was struck by a quaestor by special decred of the Senate. Quaestors were the immediate supervisors of the moneyers, but occasional struck udner their own name as well.
3 commentsLucas H03/14/18 at 20:03Carausius: Nice coin and write-up.
Julius Caesar Denarius - Cr 452/240 viewsJulius Caesar Denarius. Traveling military mint, 48-47 BC. Laureate head of Pietas right, LII behind (resembling TII) (= 52, Julius' age in 48 BC) / CAESAR, trophy of Gallic arms, axe surmounted by an animal's head on right. Crawford 452/2; Sear 11; Sydenham 1009.

Ex- Clain-Stefanelli collection
3 commentsAldo03/14/18 at 04:02Carausius: Pretty example; great provenance.
L Papius Denarius Serratus, Papia 1, Sym. var. RRC 12231 viewsObv:– Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin tied under chin. Behind head, coiled serpent.
Rev:– Gryphon running right; in ex., L. PAPI.; in field, dog
Minted in Rome from . B.C. 79.
Reference(s) – RSC Papia 1. RRC 384/1. RCTV 311.
Symbol variety – RRC 122 Babelon 9. BMCRR unknown. CNR unknown

ex SteveX6 collection

3.42g. 18.68 mm. 180 degrees.
3 commentsmaridvnvm03/14/18 at 03:56Carausius: Nice cold-blooded symbols. Glad it found a good h...
L Papius Denarius Serratus, Papia 1, Sym. var. RRC -114 viewsObv:– Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin tied under chin. Behind head, Dolphin wrapped around anchor.
Rev:– Gryphon running right; in ex., L. PAPI.; in field, Hippocamp
Minted in Rome from . B.C. 79.
Reference(s) – RSC Papia 1. RRC 384/1. RCTV 311.
Symbol variety – RRC -. Babelon -. BMCRR -.

A previously unknown symbol pair.
8 commentsmaridvnvm03/14/18 at 03:53Carausius: Another terrific symbol pair and a very attractive...
Papia 1a img.jpg
L Papius Denarius Serratus, Papia 1, Sym. var. RRC -39 viewsDenarius Serratus
Obv:– Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin tied under chin. Behind head, Barbed spear head.
Rev:– Gryphon running right; in ex., L. PAPI.; in field, Elephant head.
Minted in Rome from . B.C. 79.
Reference(s) – RSC Papia 1. RRC 384/1. RCTV 311.
Symbol variety – RRC -. Babelon 149. BMCRR -
3 commentsmaridvnvm03/14/18 at 03:52Carausius: Great symbols!
Anonymous, Quadrigatus41 viewsObv:- Laureate, Janiform head of the young Penates
Rev:- On tablet inscribed ROMA in incuse letters, Jupiter, holding scepter and thunderbolt, in fast quadriga r., driven by Victory; whole in linear circle
Minted in Rome. 225-214 BC.
Reference:- Crawford 29/3; Sydenham 64;

Weight 7.08g. 21.32mm. 0 degrees.
3 commentsmaridvnvm03/14/18 at 03:49Carausius: Attractive example of a 28/3 - not a 29/3.
C. Mamilius Limetanus Denarius Serratus - Odysseus and his dog Argos (Crawf. 362/1)48 viewsAR Denarius Serratus
Rome, 82 BC

Obv: Draped bust of Mercury (R) wearing winged petasos hat, Caduceus behind. "A" control mark.

Rev: Odysseus walking right, holding staff and disguised as beggar, extends left hand to his dog Argos below.

Crawford 362/1, Mamilia 6, Sydenham 741

Ex Gorny & Mosch Auction 253, Lot 375
Ex Münzen & Medaillen AG Basel, Liste 546, August 1991, Nr. 44.
7 commentsKained but Able03/06/18 at 04:01Carausius: An exceptional example of the type. Congratulatio...
Q. Cassius Longinus, Denarius20 viewsQ. Cassius Longinus, Denarius

RRC: 428/2
55 b.c.
3,50 gr

Av: Q CASSIVS before, LIBERT behind, diademed head of Libertas right.
Rv: Domed tetrastyle shrine of Venus, curule chair within; in left field, urn; in right field, voting tablet inscribed A C.

ex Ira & Larry Goldberg Coins & Collectibles, Inc., Auction 96, 14 - 15 February 2017, Lot 1975
2 commentsNorbert03/05/18 at 00:31Carausius: Nice example. Reverse particularly strong.
L.MUSSIDIUS LONGUS 186 viewsAR denarius. 42 BC. 4,02 grs. Diademed and veiled bust of Concordia right. CONCORDIA behind. / Platform inscribed CLOACIN on which there are two statues of Venus Cloacina. L. MVSSIDIVS LONGVS above.
Crawford 494/42a. RSC Mussidia 6b.
8 commentsbenito02/23/18 at 22:39Carausius: Wonderfully centered and complete for the type.
GREEK, Ptolemaic Egypt, Ptolemy III Large Bronze527 viewsPtolemy III - ca 240BC - Alexandria - Drachm
Bronze - 43.1-43.9mm - 73.2gm - 11h
CHI/RHO monogram in eagle's legs
Svoronos 964, SNG Cop. 172
Not especially rare type, but always rare this nice. A real monster, too.
10 commentsPtolemAE02/23/18 at 22:36Carausius: Best large Ptolemaic bronze I've ever seen. S...
L. CORNELIUS SULLA32 viewsAR denarius. Military mint (Italy). 83 BC. 3,97 grs. Head of Venus right,wearing earring and pearl necklace. On right Cupid standing left holding palm. L.SVLLA below / Two trophies. Between ,praefericulum and lituus. Above IMPER,below ITERVM.
Cr. 359/2 RSC Cornelia 30.
Bremens Beleville 26 Nov 2014 ,lot 251. Ex E.M.collection. Dorotheum ( Viena) June 1956,lot
2718. Ex Apostolo Zeno collection.
2 commentsbenito02/23/18 at 22:05Carausius: Huge flan, huge provenance and lovely surfaces, ma...
L. Hostilius Saserna, Crawford 448/323 viewsRoman Republic, L. Hostilius Saserna, gens Hostilia
AR - Denarius, 3.38g, 18.7mm, 35°
Rome, 48 BC
obv. Bare head of Pallor, with dishavelled hair, falling down, behind a wind instrument
rev. Cult statue of Diana Ephesus, stg. frontal, laureate, long hair falling down over her
shoulders, long floating garment, resting with raised l, hand on spear and holding with r.
hand stag, stg. l., at antlers
in l. field SASERNA in a curve upward, r. L.HOSTILIVS downward
ref.: Crawford 448/3; Sydenham 953; Hostilia 4; Sear Imperators 19; BMCRR Rome 3996;
SRCV I, 419; Kestner 3541
scarce, well centered, toned, some flat areas
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

The rev. of this coin refers to the conquest of Massilia (Marseille) by Julius Caesar 1 year before at the begin of his war against Pompeius after a siege and a naval battle. Artemis Ephesia was particularly worshipped in Massilia, an ancient Greek foundation, and had its own temple.

The obv. is disputed. Today you often can read that the depicted portraits of the Hostilius coins represent Gallia and Vercingetorix. But that the Romans put on the obv. of their coins the portrait of their enemies would be very unusual. I went into the matter and actually these designations came into vogue not before the end of the 19th century, and of cause in France, when the French national sentiment was at its height. And naturally coins with the name of Vercingetorix are selling much better than without, especially today in the time of Asterix.
2 commentsJochen02/22/18 at 11:08Carausius: Very attractive example. Maybe not a.particular Ga...
M. Acilius M.f, Denarius18 viewsM. Acilius M.f, Denarius

RRC 255/1
130 b.c.

Av: Helmeted head of Roma right, M•ACILIVS•M•F• around within two dotted lines.
Rv: Hercules, holding trophy and club, in slow quadriga right; ROMA in exergue.

From Martina Dieterle, World Money Fair, Berlin, 03.02.2017 (as Ex Roma X1, 7.4.2016)
3 commentsNorbert02/17/18 at 12:38Carausius: Very attractive example.
Gaius Caligula COS IIII Denarius147 viewsGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. AR Denarius, 3.67 g. Rome mint. Struck January AD 41.
O: C CAESAR • AVG • PON • M • TR • POT IIII COS • IIII, laureate head right
R: S • P• Q • R •/P P/OB • C • S • in three lines within oak wreath.
- RIC I -; RIC I (1st ed.) 7 = BMCRE 32 = RSC 23a.

Extremely rare denarius of Caligula's fourth consulship, which only lasted from 1 January 41 until his assassination on 24 January. The fourth known.

Although the first of these three rare coins, the British Museum piece, was cataloged in the first edition of RIC I, it was left out of the revised edition. In that edition, Giard notes (p. 110, note *) that the BM piece was a misreading of TR POT III COS III. In fact, the first edition was correct, the piece was not misdescribed. The second known example of this type was sold as lot 56 in the Bourgey sale of 17 December 1913. Ironically, Bourgey misdescribed that coin as TR POT III COS III. A third example sold through CNG, printed auction 78 lot 1723.

"On the ninth day before the Kalends of February at about the seventh hour he hesitated whether or not to get up for luncheon, since his stomach was still disordered from excess of food on the day before, but at length he came out at the persuasion of his friends. In the covered passage through which he had to pass, some boys of good birth, who had been summoned from Asia to appear on the stage, were rehearsing their parts, and he stopped to watch and to encourage them; and had not the leader of the troop complained that he had a chill, he would have returned and had the performance given at once. From this point there are two versions of the story: some say that as he was talking with the boys, Chaerea came up behind, and gave him a deep cut in the neck, having first cried, "Take that," and that then the tribune Cornelius Sabinus, who was the other conspirator and faced Gaius, stabbed him in the breast. Others say that Sabinus, after getting rid of the crowd through centurions who were in the plot, asked for the watchword, as soldiers do, and that when Gaius gave him "Jupiter," he cried "So be it," and as Gaius looked around, he split his jawbone with a blow of his sword. As he lay upon the ground and with writhing limbs called out that he still lived, the others dispatched him with thirty wounds; for the general signal was "Strike again." Some even thrust their swords through his privates. At the beginning of the disturbance his bearers ran to his aid with their poles, and presently the Germans of his body-guard, and they slew several of his assassins, as well as some inoffensive senators. (Suetonius - Life of Caligula 58).
10 commentsNemonater01/13/16 at 00:46Carausius: Great example! Congratulations.
Crawford 412/1, Roman Republic, L. Roscius Fabatus, Denarius serratus135 viewsRoman Republic (Rome mint 64 BC.), L. Roscius Fabatus.
AR Denarius (3.82 g, 18-19 mm).
Obv.: L.ROSCI , below head of Juno Sospita to right, wearing goat skin headdress; behind symbol: fountain basin.
Rev.: FABATI (in ex.), maiden standing right, feeding snake coiled erect before her; to left, well-head.
Crawford 412/1 (Symbol pair 102) ; Sydenham 915 ; Babelon Roscia 3 .

Juno Sospita was one of the names of the goddess Juno, emphasizing her role as protector of women, marriage, and childbirth ('Sospita' = 'she who saves'). The cult of Juno Sospita (or 'Sispes') was important in Lanuvium. She wore a goat-skin headdress and carried a spear and a shield.
At Lanuvium, Juno Sospita had a temple which was guarded by a serpent. Every year a maiden would offer cakes to the serpent. If it accepted, this was a sign that the girl was a virgin. Its refusal was an evil omen and a year of sterility was to be feared.
L.Roscius Fabatus was born at Lanuvium and was a "new man" (the first to ennoble his family by entering the Senate). In 55, he held the tribuneship. Roscius was co-author of a measure to further Caesar's plans for agrarian and municipal reform. He was a Caesarian legate in Gaul after 54, where he commanded the 13th legion. In 49, he held the praetorship and was involved as a messenger in the events of that year, which led to the fatal rupture between Caesar and Pompey. In one of his letters, Cicero reported Roscius was killed at the Forum Gallorum in 43 during the war of Mutina.
The coins of this moneyer are the last to exhibit edge serrations as a regular practice. He also utilized a large number of paired die control symbols, one for each side, which represented almost 250 everyday objects. In this, he appears to have taken an earlier moneyer, L.Papius, c. 78, as a model. Curiously, the moneyer's name on the coin is in the genitive, " . . . of Roscius Fabatus", perhaps implying "coinage of Roscius Fabatus."

my ancient coin database
8 commentsArminius11/07/15 at 16:15Carausius: Great coin!
Crawford 319/1, Roman Republic, Q. Thermus M.f., Denarius107 viewsRoman Republic (Rome mint 103 BC.), Q. Thermus M.f..
AR Denarius (3.87 g, 19-20 mm).
Obv.: Head of Mars left, wearing crested and plumed helmet.
Rev.: Q. THERM. M F in exergue, two soldiers vis-à-vis in battle stance, fighting each other with swords, defending with shields; Roman soldier protects fallen comrade between them.
Crawford 319/1 ; Sydenham 592 ; BMCRR Italy 653 ; Minucia 19 .

On this coin, the moneyer probably commemorates his namesake who apparently exhibited great personal bravery when in conflict with the Ligurians. Crawford notes: "The moneyer is presumably to be identified with the Q. Minucius M.f. Ter. on the consilium of Pompeius Strabo at Asculum, perhaps as Legate.
The Ligurians were a people of the northern Appenines who probably represented the Neolithic peoples who were constricted by Gallic and Etruscan pressures. They inhabited the hills from the French Alps and along the Italian Riviera and had kinsmen in Corsica. They engaged in a series of conflicts with the Romans in the 230's but were not really reduced until after the Second Punic War. They were a constant threat to Massilia and other northern cities. In 197, Minucius Rufus marched through their territory. Q. Minucius Thermus, consul in 193 and governor of Liguria from 193 to 190, forced back one of the principal tribes, the Apuani (who had imposed a continuing threat on Pisa), relieved Pisa, and demonstrated across the Auser River.

my ancient coin database
5 commentsArminius11/07/15 at 16:14Carausius: Tough to find nice examples with the reverse this ...
C. Marius C.f. Capito - Maria-9126 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC, C. Marius C.f. Capito. 81 B.C. AR Serrate Denarius (3.86 g, 19.5 mm). CAPIT • XXXXI behind draped bust of Ceres right, wreathed in corn, symbol below chin. / Plowman steering yoke of oxen left, XXXXI above; C • MARCI • C • F / SC in ex. Crawford 378/1c; Sydenham 744b; RSC Maria 9; RCV 3009 commentsBud Stewart11/07/15 at 16:11Carausius: One of my favorite Republican types...and I don...
A. Postumius Albinus. Denarius36 viewsRRC 372/2
81 BC

Obverse: HISPAN, Veiled head of Hispania r
Reverse: ·S·N – ALBIN Togate figure standing l., raising hand; to l., legionary eagle and to r., fasces with axe.

Issued when Rome had won the supremacy in Italy but was still fighting the last of the Marians in Spain.

....and so the magistrate has been iddentified as the praetor Lucius Postumius Albinus who had gone to further Spain in 180 and had his term prorogued into 179. He fought two major battles with the Vaccaei, killing a reported 35,000. (....) If the magistrate on the coin is the victorious praetor, his century old triumph over the Lusitanians was especially relevant in 81, for ir was among the Lusitanians where Sertorius found the greatest support. (Harlan)

The moneyer is assumed to be a grandson of the consul of 110 and a son of the moneyer of 96 (Crawford)
Ex Numismatica Ars Classica, Auction 78; Lot 635, 26 - 27 May 2014
3 commentsNorbert11/07/15 at 16:07Carausius: Lovely example. Well struck, near perfect centeri...
M. Aemilius Scaurus and P. Plautius Hypsaeus. Denarius71 viewsRome mint, 58 BC
M SCAVR AED CVR In two lines above camel, EX | SC, in exergue REX ARETAS, King Aretas of Nabataea, kneeling right beside a camel, holding an olive branch
P HVPSAEVS AED CVR in two lines, CAPTVM in the right field, C HVPSAE COS PREIVER in two lines, Jupiter driving a quadriga left, holding a thunderbolt
Ref : RCV #379
3 commentsPotator II06/28/15 at 20:30Carausius: excellent example of the type.
RPC-1970-Vespasian84 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 14.25g
Antioch mint, 69 AD
RPC 1970 (9 spec.).
Rev: ETOYC NEOY IEPOY A; Eagle with wreath in beak standing, l. on club; in l. field, palm branch
Acquired from Tom Cederlind, October 2014.

Vespasian was proclaimed emperor in Alexandria Egypt on 1 July 69 and the legions in Antioch followed suit a week or so later. "At Antioch gold and silver currencies were struck" according to Tacitus in 'The Histories' - and here is one of those coins. Struck between mid July and 30 September 69 this early tetradrachm was probably minted to help finance Vespasian's rise to the purple. These issues are found in hoards all over Judaea, indicating they were also used to pay the legions stationed there involved with crushing the ongoing Jewish revolt. This coin even now has some of the Judaean dirt still clinging to it.

Struck in good 'Antioch' style the coin is better in hand than my feeble attempt at photography would otherwise indicate.

2 commentsDavid Atherton10/21/14 at 01:10Carausius: Great style!
Ancient Greek Coin Collection From Sixth to First Centuries B.C.298 viewsHere are the coins I started collecting from 2012 to present. As Aristotle wrote two millennia ago that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts, there is no better way to present a collection of Greeks than to put them all together in a single shot. (Please click on picture for bigger resolution and to show greater details on coins).

Top row from left to right: AEOLIS, MYRINA. AR "Stephanophoric" Tetradrachm. Circa 150 BC**ILLYRIA, DYRRHACHION. AR Stater. Circa 340-280 BC**IONIA, SMYRNA. AR “Stephanophoric” Tetradrachm. Circa 150-145 BC** PELOPONNESOS, SIKYON. AR Stater. Circa 335-330 BC**ATTICA, ATHENS. “New style” Tetradrachm. Circa 169 BC.

Fifth row: BACTRIA, Antialkidas. AR Drachm. Circa 145-135 BC**CAPPADOCIA. Ariobarzanes I AR Drachm. Circa 96-63 BC**THRACE, ABDERA. AR Tetrobol. Circa 360-350 BC**THRACE, CHERSONESSOS. AR Hemidrachm. Circa 386-338 BC.

Fourth row: LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 510-480 BC**THESSALIAN LEAGUE. AR Stater. Circa 196-146 BC**MACEDONIA. Kassander AR Tetradrachm. Circa 317-315 BC**AKARNANIA, LEUKAS. AR Stater. Circa 320-280 BC**PAMPHYLIA, ASPENDOS. AR Stater. Circa 330-300 BC.

Third row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos VI AR Drachm. Circa 144-143 BC**LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 340-330 BC**LUCANIA, VELIA. AR Stater. Circa 280 BC**PARTHIA. Mithradates II AR Drachm. Circa 121-91 BC.

Second row: MYSIA, PERGAMMON. Eumenes I AR Tetradrachm. Circa 263-241 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Mazaios AR Stater. Circa 361-334 BC**THRACE. Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 297-281 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Pharnabazos AR Stater. Circa 380-374 BC**THRACE, MARONEIA. AR Tetradrachm. Mid 2nd cent. BC.

Bottom row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos Euergetes VII AR Tetradrachm. Circa 138-129 BC**MACEDON. Alexander III AR Tetradrachm. Circa 325-315 BC**CILICIA, AIGEAI. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 30 BC**PAIONIA. Patraos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 335-315 BC**PAMPHYLIA, SIDE. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 155-36 BC.
10 commentsJason T08/02/14 at 11:27Carausius: a beautiful group - each coin is of good style, we...
416/1a L. Scribonius Libo49 viewsL. Scribonius Libo. AR Denarius. 62 BC. (3.87g, 19.30mm) Obv: Diademed head of Bonus Eventus right, LIBO behind, BON EVENT downward before. Rev: Garlanded well-head decorated with two lyres and hammer, PVTEAL above, SCRIBON below. .
Syd 928; Scribonia 8a. Crawford 416/1a

Ex: Frank Robinson Auction

Rarely will I purchase an EF coin, but I surely do not regret adding this fine specimen.
1 commentsPaddy06/22/14 at 13:56Carausius: Lovely addition. Congratulations.
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