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Celtic Coinage27 viewsContinental Celts & Tribes of Britannia
Gaul: Northwest Gaul: Aulerci Eburovices, Carnutes, Coriosolites, Redones, Senones, Veneti. Northeast Gaul: Ambiani, Remi, Suessiones (Cricironus), Treveri.
Central Gaul: Aediu, Arverni. Sequani (Turonos & Cantorix). Southern Gaul: Massalia (Marseilles), Tolostates, Volcae-Arecomici. Uncertain: Volcae Tectosages, Leuci, Senones.
Britain: Atrebates & Regni (Verica), Cantii (Amminus), CantuvellauniCorieltauvi (Volisios Dumnocoveros), Cunobelin, Dobunni, Durotriges, Epaticcus, Iceni, Trinovantes, Cantuvellauni & Trinovantes (Addedomaros, Caratacus).
Lower Danube: Geto-Dacians. Middle Danube: Hercuniates. Central Europe: Boii. Danubian Celts are also referred to as being from the Carpathian Region, in which there were various tribes, many unknown.
1 commentsChristian T
Celtic Britain, Atrebates & Regni, Commius16 viewsCeltic Britain, Atrebates & Regni, Commius. c. 55-45 BC. AV Quarter Stater (1.40 gm). Anepigraphic. Celicized and devolved head of Apollo r. / Disjointed triple-tailed horse r., wheel below, with three pellets in rings around. VF. Bt. Apollo Coins 1999. SCBI Mack 72; Van Arsdell 228; BMC 519; Bean QcTM 1-1a; CCI 67.0065. cf. Spink SCBC 65 (for type). ℞ is similar to Spink SCBC 67; Mack 83; Van Arsdell 353ff.Christian T
Celtic Britain, Iceni15 viewsCeltic Britain, Iceni. c. 10-61 AD. AR unit (1.31 gm). ECEN symbol, East Anglian type J. Anepigraphic. Sylized ecen corn ear w/ two opposing crescents & two pellets b/w, superimposed upon band of three lines / Sylized horse r. w/ long, thin legs. Three pellets on line, below gVF. Bt. Old Town Coin 1998. SCBC 436; Van Arsdell 754-1. cf. SCBI Mack 429; ABC 1681; BMC 4297ff; BIAC 4299.
Christian T
Celtic Britain, the Durotriges16 viewsCeltic Britain, the Durotriges. 1st c. BC. AR BI Stater (3.25 gm) Cranborne Chase type. Uninscribed. Celicized and devolved head of Apollo r. / Abstract disjointed horse l., pellets above, pellet below, pellet in lozenge above tail, zigzag and pellet pattern below exergual line. gVF. Bt. Andy Gillis 1999. Spink SCBC 371 (or 367); SCBI Mack 317-318; Van Arsdell 1235, 1252-1254, 1290; ABC 2157.Christian T
Celtic Britain, the Durotriges16 viewsCeltic Britain, the Durotriges. c. 60 BC-20 AD AR BI Stater (3.83 gm). Cranborne Chase type. Anepigraphic. Celticized Head of Apollo r. / Very abstract disjointed horse l. reduced to mostly pellets. gVF. Bt. Coral Gables, 1999. Spink SCBC 367 (or 371); Sear Greek 172; SCBI Mack 317-318; Van Arsdell 1235, 1252-1254, 1290; ABC 2157; Seaby (Sear Celtic) 60.Christian T
Celtic Ring Money17 viewsCelts 7th-1st c. BC. Three rings (3.67 gm, 3.54 gm, 2.55 gm). Plain ring, proto-money, made of unusual material. / Similar to gold & silver proto-money rings. VF. cf van Arsdell 1-3.Christian T
Celtic Ring, Eire18 viewsCelts, Eire. 2nd c. BC. AR Ring (0.87 gm) of Limerick. Plain ring, possibly proto-money, similar to 4-spoked wheel money (rouelles). VF. Bt. Lionheart Antiquities 1999. cf van Arsdell 1-3.
Prior to the use of regular round struck or cast coinage, the Celts employed items of various shapes and metals for trade. Although not conclusively identified as an early form of money, these rings have been found in coin hoards and do bear some resemblance to other Celtic objects accepted as "proto-money," such as small bronze or potin wheels. R.D. Van Arsdale, in his book The Celtic Coins in Britain (London, 1989), notes that precious-metal rings such as this may have had multiple functions; as items of personal adornment (many were hair ornaments), as a means of displaying wealth, and as a medium of exchange. The weights and diameters vary, making it difficult to establish whether denominations existed. The authors of ABC (C. Rudd. Ancient British Coins. Aylsham. 2010), on the other hand, regard these as jewelry and ornaments, albeit some ceremonial wealth-storage value attached.
Christian T
Celts, Lower Danube17 viewsCelts, Lower Danube. 3rd-2nd c. BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.57 gm). Imitating Alexander III. Herakles r., wearing lionskin. High relief and crude style / Zeus Aëtophoros seated l on throne. Eagle on outstretched hand. Remnant of MA monogram l., Ξ below throne, & legend ΛΛΙΙΙΙΙΙΙΙΙΙΙ to r. and …MIMIVII… below. VF/F. Bt. Coral Gables 2001. Allen BMC (CCCBM I) 188; Castelin 1348; Göbl OTA 581/3; Kostial Lanz 906-918; KMW 1466; Pink 581. cf CNG EA 363 #213.Christian T
Celts, Lower Danube. Imitating Philip III Arrhidaios4 viewsImitation of Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (17.14 gm) of Celts in the Lower Danube. Head of Herakles r. clad in lion skin headdress. / ΒΙΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ (sic), Zeus Aetophoros enthroned l., holding eagle and sceptre; two monograms in l. field, Ɪ below throne. Num. E32 #27; Goldberg 93 #1501. VF. Good style for issue. SNG Cop 2 #1086; HGC 3.1 #973g; Lukanc 2; Muller plate XXVIII #93 (Philip III); Price P151 (Aradus); Gobl OTA plate 44 #579.4; Dembski KMW 1468; Kostial Sammlung Lanz p. 154 #898ff; Sammlung Flesche 740; CCCBM I #192; cf. Roma Num. E32 #27; Goldberg 93 #1501.Anaximander
Danubian Celts15 viewsCelts, Danubian, Hungarian. 2nd-1st c. BC. AR Drachm (1.92 gm). Kugelwange type of Pannonia (Syrmia?) in imitation of Philip II. Laureate and bearded head of Zeus r. / Celticized prancing horse l., pellet in anulet above and pellet below tail. Mane of dots. gVF. Bt. Coral Gables 1999. Kostial Lanz 506-509; CCCBM I S134; KMW 1122; Göbl OTA pl 17 204-205.2.Christian T
Danubian Celts19 viewsCelts, Middle Danube (Velem, Hungary). 2nd c. BC. AE Stater (6.87 gm). Kapostal Type of the Hercuniates Imitating Philip II Celticized laureate head of Zeus r., arc of pellets before / Celticized horseman with large crest above head, riding l.; crescent to l. & ∞ below. VF. Bt. Gables Coin, 1999. Cf Göbl OTA 488/7; Kostial Lanz 777 or 780ff; CCCBM I 85 or 90; KMW 1413; Pink 500; Dessewffy 250; BMCC 98.Christian T
Danubian Celts19 viewsCelts, Danubian, Hungarian Plains. 2nd-1st c. BC. AR Didrachm (5.61 gm). Imitation of Philip II of uncertain tribe in Transylvania. Devolved head of Zeus r., cheek piece resembling four-spoked wheel / Disjointed horse with slight remains of rider, l. Horse head of Saddlehead type. VF. Bt. Gables Coin, 1999. Göbl OTA 300/15-6 var. (symbols on rev.); Kostial Lanz 653 var. (same); CCCBM I 46 var. (same); KMW-.Christian T
Danubian Celts, Carpathian Region36 viewsCelts, Danubian, Carpathian Region, Uncertain Tribe. 1st c. BC. AR Tetradrachm (14.83 gm). Imitating Thasos Celticized and degraded head of Dionysos right, wearing ivy wreath / Celticized Herakles, standing facing, holding club and lionskin. Legend degraded to mere dots. VF. CNG 51 #19. Göbl OTA Class V; cf Kostial Lanz 983-994.2 commentsChristian T
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