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AE 216 views Bronze AE 21, c. 241 - 50 BCE Panormus (Palermo) mint, (4.595g, maximum diameter 20.9mm, die axis 315o)
magistrate (L. Axius?) Naso
o: laureate head of Zeus left
r: warrior standing left, sword in extended right, spear vertical behind in left, grounded shield behind leaning on spear, NAS/O left
very rare magistrate

per Forum notes: NASO named on this coin could be Lucius Axius L. f. Naso, who was a moneyer in Rome, c. 73 - 70 B.C. Two inscriptions discovered at Cordoba dedicated to a Lucio Axio Luci filio Polia tribu Nasoni, indicate his honors. He was first decemvir stlitibus iudicandis, then tribunus militum pro legato, then quaestor. Or, this NASO could be completely unrelated.
Calciati I p. 351, 125 (one specimen); HGC 2 1071 (C)
Cr 17/1a AE Litra Anonymous10 viewsc 275-269 BCE, anonymous bronze Litra
(18 mm, 5.03 gr.)
o: ROMANO, Minerva head l.; behind, star
r: Horse's head right, [ROMANO] behind
Reference: Crawford 17/1a
Ex. RBW collection
Ok, this one needs a better photo.
Cr 18/5 Cast Sextans10 viewsApollo/Apollo series. 275-270 BC.
Obv. Head of Dioscurus right; behind, two pellets.
Rev. Head of Dioscurus left; behind, two pellets.
Vecchi ICC 37; Haeberlin pl. 36
Not a beauty, and not struck, so will be moved to my Cast gallery in 2019.
Cr 25/3 AE Litra Anonymous32 viewsc 241-235 BCE Anonymous bronze Litra
16 mm, 3.07 grams
o: Head of Mars, right, beardless, wearing Corinthian helmet
r: ROMA below Horse head, right, with bridle; behind, sickle
Crawford 25/3
Ex. RBW collection
1 commentsPMah
Cr 26/3 AE litra "Apollo/Horse" series7 viewsRome, c. 234-231 BCE
o: Laureate head of Apollo right
r: Bridled horse prancing left; below, ROMA
4.00 gm 15.50 mm
A slightly rough but overall decent example of this type, one of the early coins to bridge the currency gap with the Greek cities. Typically called the "Apollo/Horse" series based on the silver didrachm that has a larger and unbridled horse. (One can just make out the bridle passing under the horse's jaw and across the neck.) Crawford describes the denomination as a "litra", but other writers refer to it as a unit or merely a bronze.
Cr 28/3 AR Quadrigatus Anonymous 9 viewsDebased Quadrigatus, 225-215 BCE
o: Laureate head of Janus
r: Jupiter in quadriga driven by Victory right; below, ROMA in relief in linear frame.
Cr. 28/3. Syd. 68.
(g. 5.36 mm. 20.00)
Debased war issue, probably quite debased as there is almost a brasssy tone to the silver.
Cr 28/4 AR Half-Quadrigatus/Drachm7 viewsAnonymous, Rome mint
2.99 gm; 17 mm
c. 225 BCE?
Laureate head of Fontus/Janus
Jupiter in quadriga driven by Victory l., holding sceptre and thunderbolt; in ex. ROMA.
This type is associated with the series staring with the AU stater with Dioscuri/Oath scene. Crawford dates the entire series to just before the introduction of the denarius, with a theory of the dating based on style. I have not reproduced or researched the arguments here.
This coin is much nicer in hand than the photo.
2 commentsPMah
Cr 38/7 AE Semuncia Anonymous 14 viewsc. 217-215 BCE (19.5mm., 6.09g)
o: Head of Mercury r., wearing winged petasus
r: ROMA Prow r.
Sydenham 87. RBW 101. Crawford 38/7.
Cr 38/7 AE Semuncia Anonymous 9 views circa 217-215 BCE. Rome (19mm., 7,43g.)
o: Head of Mercury right, wearing winged petasos
r: Prow right, ROMA above
Crawford 38/7; RBW 100.
Cr 39/4 Uncia Anonymous3 viewsc. 217-215 B.C.E. Rome

Radiate and draped facing bust of Sol; (value) to left
Crescent; two stars and (value) above; ROMA below
24mm 12.47 gm

ex. McCabe; ex RBW

This large "unit" of the semilibral standard, comes from the series sometimes also described as "collateral". Crawford identified only struck bronzes from Triens to Semuncia for this issue. There are no clearly-associated cast bronze larger denominations, with the nearest-dated such cast types having more directly-related struck smaller denominations.
Yet, this series demonstrates the last great gasp of creativity in Republican bronze, no Prows in sight and without standardized presentations of the soon-to-be-rigid obverse gods.
Although not rare, these interesting types do not show up in every sale. This specimen has a bit of roughness but also a wonderful strike.
Cr 44/1 AR Victoriatus Anonymous 39 viewsafter 211 BC. AR Victoriatus (17mm, 3.14g, 11h) Rome mint
O: Laureate head of Jupiter r.
R: Victory standing r., crowning trophy
Crawford 44/1
[my opinion: Although Victoriati can be seen as excruciatingly repetitive, with good reason, the obverse of this coin shows considerable artistry in execution.]
3 commentsPMah
Cr 44/5 AR Denarius Anonymous20 viewsc. 211 BCE -- ish
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, X
r: The Dioscuri galloping right, stars above heads; in exergue, ROMA partially incuse on raised tablet
4.10 gm 20.00 mm
This type, which is the earliest or nearly earliest denarius, is a bit difficult to confirm on this coin due to the slight corrosion on the reverse tablet. If the reverse was as nice as the obverse, it would be unambiguous. I am working on the precise sub-type.
1 commentsPMah
Cr 44/6 AR Quinarius Anonymous 11 viewsAfter 211 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right (small, normal nose), V behind head
r: The Dioscuri riding right, stars above, ROMA in linear frame below
Crawford 44/6
Cr 44/7 AR Sestertius Anonymous30 viewsO: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, IIS [= 2 and Semi]
R: The Dioscuri galloping right; below, ROMA in linear frame
0.81 gms; 13.50 mm
Broad flan, toned

A bit light, but achieving a consistent weight in casting flans was one of the challenges with this small coin at a time when the silver weight was still a critical component of acceptance.

Although the quarter-denarius seems like it should have been a very handy coin, saving the need to carry two large As and the Semis, the silver sestertius was minted only sporadically and then was discontinued. Accordingly, they are relatively rare, and I have to say this one is very nice.
2 commentsPMah
Cr 50/3 As Anonymous [Anchor]10 views209-208 b.c.e. Rome mint
Laureate head of Janus; I (value) above
Prow right; I (value) above, anchor before, ROMA below
32.66 gm 34 mm
This issue is associated with a 60-As gold piece. A nice specimen with a pronounced eye and oar-box on the prow.
1 commentsPMah
Cr 50/3 As Anonymous [anchor] 16 viewsc. 209-208 BCE
o: Laureate head of Janus, I above
r: Prow to r.; Anchor before; I above; ROMA in ex.
(34 mm, 33.91 grams)
Crawford 50/3
weighty coin
ex RBW
Cr 53/1 AR Victoriatus Anonymous13 viewsAfter 211 BCE
(17.38 mm, 2.93 g, 1 h). Rome mint
o: Laureate head of Jupiter right
r: ROMA, Victory standing right, crowning trophy
Crawford 53/1; RSC 9
Cr 53/1 AR Victoriatus Anonymous10 viewsAfter 211 BCE
(16.7 mm, 2.80 g, 7 h). Rome mint
o: Laureate head of Jupiter right
r: ROMA, Victory standing right, crowning trophy
Crawford 53/1; RSC 9
Another variation on this type, emphasizing other details on reverse

Cr 56/2 AE As Anonymous14 viewsAfter 211 BCE
(32.57 mm, 42.11 g, 5 h). Uncial standard. Rome mint
o: Laureate head of bearded Janus; I above
r: ROMA, prow of galley right; I above
Crawford 56/2; Sydenham 143.

No great beauty, but one accumulates Cr 56 series. Any more specific attribution assistance would be appreciated.
Cr 56/2 As Anonymous (Spanish)10 viewsSpanish imitative cast circa 100 BCE (29.5mm., 20.84g)
o: Laureate head of Janus; above, mark of value
r: Prow r.; above, mark of value and value mark before below, ROMA
Crawford 56/2.
In retrospect, why would anyone imitate the ubiquitous "Cr 56/2"? This is a cast contemporary copy, likely from Spain
Cr 56/3 AE Semis Anonymous 10 viewsc. 211 BCE 25.7 mm, 12.54 grams.
o: Saturn head laureate r
r: Prow r, ROMA below, S above
Crawford 56/3.
Ex. RBW collection
Coin nicer than this photo, but I am trying to round out the Cr. 56 types.
Cr 56/4 AE Triens Anonymous6 viewsSextantal series. Rome, after 211 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Minerva right; above, four pellets
r: Prow right; above, ROMA; below, four pellets.
11.45 gm 25.00 mm
Another nice example of a triens of the Crawford 56 group, much better in hand. See my notes on other specimen of this group, which hopefully appears next to this one. This one has a rougher reverse surface, but somewhat more successful engraving of the prow. Yet my other example has a nearly perfect flan.
Cr 56/4 Triens Anonymous 6 viewsafter 211 B.C.E. (25.8 mm, 10.73 g, 4 h). Sardinia mint.
o: Helmeted head of Mercury right, four pellets above
r: ROMA, prow of galley right; four pellets below. Crawford 56/4
Ex RBW collection
This coin is a bit rough but I thought I should put up at least one of each denomination of Anonymous Crawford 56 types.
Cr 56/4 AE Triens Anonymous7 viewsRome, after 211 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Minerva right; above, four pellets
r: ROMA. Prow right; below, four pellets.
9.08 gm, 25.00 MM
This coin is vastly better in hand than this photo. The patination is perfect. The execution of the reverse is somewhat amusing -- the prow is almost crammed to fit within the border due to a disproportionally large hull and seems curled back on itself, hardly an impressive vessel if it were real.
The "sextantal" series that are collected under Crawford's Type 56 is really a catch-all for numerous sub-groups, for which there is no better resource than McCabe's website to distinguish into several groups. Obviously, since I am not making that attribution at the moment, I have not taken the close effort with this coin, even though I like looking at it. Compare it to my earlier example in this gallery, which is not nearly as nice.
Cr 56/5 AE Quadrans Anonymous 13 viewsc. 211 BCE (20.4 mm, 6.04 grams)
o: Helmeted head of Hercules right, 3 dots behind
r: ROMA - Prow to right, 3 dots behind
Crawford 56/5.
Overstruck, possibly Hieron II of Sicily with Zeus/Trident
1 commentsPMah
Cr 56/5 Quadrans Anonymous 9 viewsAnonymous Sextantal series. After 211 BCE.
o: Head of Hercules right; behind, three pellets
r: Prow right; above, ROMA; below, three pellets.
Cr. 56/5. (g. 5.83 mm. 20.00)
Nice earthen olive-green patina
Cr 56/6 AE Sextans Anonymous11 viewsc. 211 BCE, bronze sextans
16.5 mm, 3.28 grams.
o: Mercury head right, 2 pellets.
r: Prow r, ROMA above, 2 pellets below
Crawford 56/6; [further specification TBD]
Ex. RBW collection
A decent specimen of this common coin.
Cr 56/6 AE Sextans Anonymous 10 viewsc. 211 BC, bronze sextans 16.5 mm, 3.28 grams
O: Mercury head right, 2 pellets.
R: ROMA, 2 pellets, prow r.
Crawford 56/6.
Ex. RBW Collection
Cr 56/7 Uncia Anonymous 11 viewsAfter 211 BCE. (18mm, 5.38 g, 10h). Rome mint.
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; (mark of value) behind
r: Prow of galley right; (mark of value) below.
Crawford 56/7; Sydenham 143e
Cr 60/6 AE Sextans Anonymous [Caduceus]8 viewsc. 211 - 208 BCE, anonymous bronze sextans
24.6 mm, 9.23 grams
o: Mercury head to right, wearing winged petasos; 2 pellets above
r: Prow to r., caduceus above; in exergue, ROMA
Ex. RBW collection
Cr 61/6 AE Sextans Anonymous [Victory Series] 8 views211-208 BC. Sextans Victory series, Central Italy (21mm, 6.06g, 12h).
O: Draped bust of Mercury r., wearing petasus
R: Prow right; above, Victory flying r., holding wreath
Crawford 61/6; RBW 258.
Cr 63/6 Sextans Anonymous [C Series]3 views211 BCE Sardinia

Head of Mercury right, wearing winged petasos; (mark of value) above
Prow of galley right; C to right, ROMA above, (mark of value) below.
19mm 4.64 gm

This series is associated only from Quinarius to Sextans by Crawford, likely issued by L. Cornelius Lentulus, and critical for the now-accepted dating of the start of the denarius, as Lentulus was Praetor in Sardinia in 211.
The sextans is the most common denomination of the series, which is probably why I have one...
Cr 64/6a Sextans [MA series] P. Manlius Vulso ?2 views210 B.C.E. Sardinia
Head of Mercury right, wearing winged petasus; (value) above
Prow of galley right; MA ligate and vertical to right, (value) below
18 mm 3.88 gms
Another series not directly associated with a denarius, running Quinarius to Sextans.
As with the other Sardinian issues, this issue helps to date the denarius, as Manlius Vulso was Praetor for Sardinia in 210.
This specimen is a but rough but overall has a fine strike and centering. The issue is somewhat rare.
Cr 65/6 Sextans [AVR] C. Aurunculeius2 views209 B.C.E. Sextans Sardinia mint.
Head of Mercury right, wearing winged petasos; (value) above
Prow of galley right; ROMA above, AVR ligate vertical before, (value) below
18mm 3.12 gm
C. Aurunculeius was Praetor for Sardinia in 209 b.c.e., and, along with issues by his immediate predecessors L. Cornelius (211) and P. Manlius Vulso (210), his issue helps to date the introduction of the Denarius, despite no identified denarii in any of the three issues, but including identifiable quinarii (which would be meaningless without the Denarius.)
Not a beautiful specimen, but well-centered and complete, and an overall rare-ish coin.
Cr 69/5 Quadrans Anonymous [Corn/KA]13 viewsSicily 211-208 BCE

o: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion's skin; (mark of value) to left
r: Bull leaping right; (mark of value) and grain ear above, serpent below.
20mm, 6.34 gm

Type and overstrike as RBW 292; for overstrike, see Crawford Table XVIII, 64. Overstruck on a Syracusan bronze (Poseidon/Trident). A bit of smoothing has been noted.

From the Andrew McCabe Collection. His note: " Essentially all known examples of this type are overstrikes, mostly on an Poseidon/Ornamental trident. This coin is an unusually clear strike, complete as to overstrike and with little visible under, but a number of lines can be seen on the bull's flank that may be from an underlying trident."

As with the other 3 coins posted in this group, the coin is much better in hand.
Cr 69/6a Sextans [Corn-ear/KA series]1 viewsc. 211-208 B.C.E. Sicily
Draped bust of Mercury right, wearing winged petasus; (value) above
Prow of galley right; grain ear above, ligate KA to right, [ROMA] below
18.5 mm 5.86 gm
Cr 85/7 AE Uncia Anonymous "H Series"7 viewsc. 211-210 b.c.e. mint in South East Italy 4.01 gm; 17.50 mm
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, pellet (= value = 1)
r: ROMA. Prow right; before, H; below, pellet.
A rarer coin.
Much, much nicer in hand than photos.
Cr 85/7 AE Uncia Anonymous "H" Series7 views South East Italy, c. 211-210 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, pellet
r: ROMA. Prow right; before, H; below, pellet.
4.01 gm 17.50 mm
The key "H" symbol on the reverse is not easy to see in this somewhat washed out photo, but it is there. The H series is somewhat rare.
McCabe attributes the H series to Venusia in Apulia. (The Roman Bronze Coinage struck in Apulia and South East Italy in the Second Punic War, in Proceedings XV International Numismatic Congress (2015)) There are multiple slightly varying styles within the H series.
Cr 97/7c AE Uncia Anonymous 9 viewsBronze Uncia Luceria mint, 211 - 206 B.C.E. (4.316g, maximum diameter 17.9mm, die axis 45o)
o: helmeted head of Roma right, pellet (mark of value) behind
r: ROMA, galley prow right, ROMA above, L and pellet (mark of value) below;
Crawford 97/7c, Sydenham 304, BMCRR Italy 173, SRCV I 1320
Cr 113/5 Quadrans Anonymous [star - first series]7 viewsc. 206-195 BCE Rome mint
o: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion's skin; behind, three pellets
r: ROMA. Prow right; before, eight-rayed star; below, three pellets.
3.50 gm; 16.00 mm
The bronze of this series, which exists from denarius to sextans, is fairly rare. The denarii are somewhat more common.
This coin has a somewhat lopsided flan, with most of the elements in very nice condition and a beautiful chocolate brown patina.
Cr 114/3 Semis Anonymous [Rostrum tridens] 9 viewsRostrum tridens (second) series.
Probably a late unofficial issue, after 82 BCE
o: Laureate head of Saturn right; behind, S.
r: Prow right; above, rostrum tridens; before, S; below, ROMA.
Cf. Cr. 114/3. (g. 9.08 mm. 24.00)
Coarse style and light?
Cr 117/A/1 AR Denarius Anonymous [Rudder] 10 viewsc. 206-195 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, X
r: The Dioscuri galloping right; below, rudder and ROMA in partial tablet.
Cr. 117 A/1;RSC Anon. 20y (g. 3.62 mm. 19.50)
a bit scarce

Cr 117b/1 AE As Anonymous [bird/rudder]8 viewsc. 206-195 BC, AE As (34.5 mm, 38.78 grams)
O: Laureate head of bearded Janus; I (mark of value) above.
R: ROMA I, prow r., Bird and rudder
Crawford 117b/1
Ex. RBW Collection
Cr 118/3 AE Triens Anonymous [helmet] 9 viewsBronze triens, Crawford 118/3, Sydenham 272b, BMCRE II Italy p. 226, SRCV I 939
Italian mint, weight 9.132g, maximum diameter 23.7mm, 206 - 194 B.C.;
O: helmeted head of Minerva right, four pellets above
R: prow of galley right, ROMA above, helmet with cheek-pieces and crest above in form of a crescent on right before prow, four pellets below
from the Andrew McCabe Collection; rare
Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins
Cr 126/1 AR Denarius Terentius Varro(?)1 viewsA. Terentius Varro (?) uncertain mint circa 206-200 BCE
Helmeted head of Roma r.; behind, X
Dioscuri galloping r.; below, VAR ligate, ROMA in ex.
Terentia 1
19 mm 3.69 gm
No bronze associated with this type. The moneyer is presumed as A. Terentius Varro, Praetor of 184 b.c.e., but the name is only the cognomen, and ligate at that.
Not a beautiful specimen, but a scarce type.
Cr 137/1 AR Denarius Crescent7 viewsCrescent series AR Denarius. Rome, 194-190 BCE 3.54gm, 19mm, 12h
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; X behind
r: Dioscuri on horseback riding right; crescent above; ROMA in linear frame below.
Crawford 137/1; RSC 20i.
One of the increasingly less anonymous but still merely symbolized series, this denarius was very nicely centered, particularly on the obverse, with, I think, well-used dies for both sides.
Cr 144/4 AE Quadrans 10 viewso: head of Hercules right, clad in Nemean Lion's scalp, three pellets (mark of value) behind
r: prow of galley right, Victory flying right crowning LFP monogram with wreath above, three pellets (mark of value) before, ROMA below

Roman Republic, LFP monogram (L. Furius Philus?), 189 - 179 B.CBronze quadrans, Crawford 144/4, Sydenham 300c, SRCV I 1088, F, nice olive green patina, pitting on obverse, Rome mint, weight 7.513g, maximum diameter 22.3mm, die axis 180o, 189 - 179 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, clad in Nemean Lion's scalp, three pellets (mark of value) behind; reverse prow of galley right, Victory flying right crowning LFP monogram with wreath above, three pellets (mark of value) before, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; very rare;
Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins
Cr 162/6a Ӕ Quadrans MAT[ienus]1 views179-170 b.c.e. Rome mint
Head of Hercules right, three pellets behind
Prow right; MAT ligate above, three pellets before, ROMA below
7.20 gm 21mm

The MAT issue runs Victoriatus, Denarius, and bronze As through Sextans. The smaller bronze fractions are not seen every day. This specimen also nicely shows the clipping/snapping point on the rim where the flans were broken from a sprue or strip of multiple pieces.
Cr 163/1 AR Denarius [Feather]1 viewsAnonymous "Feather" c. 179-170 BCE Rome mint
Helmeted head of Roma r.; behind, X. Rev. Luna in prancing biga r.; below, feather and ROMA in partial tablet.
18.5 mm 3.60 gm
No bronze associated with the "feather" mark.
This one is nicely centered for the issue.
Cr 167/1 AR Denarius Anonymous8 viewsRome, c. 179-170 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, X
r: The Dioscuri galloping right; in exergue, ROMA
3.42 gm 20.00 mm
An "OK, meh" example of the group of anonymous denarii, likely the 167/1 although some of the distinquishing features, such as Roma's earring shape, are difficult to make out.
Cr 167/1 AR Denarius Anonymous8 viewsRome, c. 179-170 bce 3.82 gm
o: Head of Roma, rt, X behind, dotted border.
r: Dioscuri riding right, ROMA in linear border below.
This type is among the many anonymous Roma/Dioscuri denari, and I believe the Crawford attribution is correct.
Brinkman and Debernardini, in their excellent online guide, call this the "beaky" nose style, also emphasizing the full bar on the "A", the short rear legs on the horses (I would say only the foreground horse), the ROMA frame on top and right, and the main rider's cape. (The cape on this specimen is somewhat more worn than their illustrations.)
Cr 174/1 As Caecilius1 views c. 169-158 b.c.e. Rome mint likely moneyer: A. Caecilius A.f.
Laureate head of Janus; above, I [value]
[A] CAE above, R[OMA] below, prow of galley right; before, I [value]
33 mm 29.35 gm

Ex RBW Collection, from Christie's (17 October 1984), lot 21 (part)

This issue has not been securely dated, and some view the time frame for these issues to be earlier and longer. For this 10-20 year period, only the bronze coins use a ligated, short-form of about 20 moneyers' names, which do not have associated named denarii.
This coin is no beauty, but it is clear enough and quite weighty, with a fine provenance that shows even great collectors had to grab the right coins when available. In this issue, the As is easy to find but the fractions are not.
Cr 177/2 AE Semis [TP or PT]10 viewsBronze semis, Crawford 177/2, Sydenham 353a (R4), SRCV I 843, Rome mint 169 - 158 B.C.E.
weight 16.187g, maximum diameter 25.3mm
O: Laureate head of Saturn right, L below, S behind
R: Galley prow right, TP or PT monogram above, S right, ROMA below
from the Andrew McCabe Collection; scarce
Cr 179/1 AE As Anonymous [BAL] 10 viewsAnonymous [BAL]. Ca. 169-158 B.C. AE as (31.9 mm, 24.03 g, 8 h). Central Italian mint. Laureate head of Janus, I above / BAL monogram / ROMA, prow of galley right, I to right. Crawford 179/1; Sydenham 354.
Ex RBW collection
Cr 182/2 As Gryphon2 viewsAnonymous "Gryphon" series
Rome mint, c. 169-158 BCE
Laureate head of Janus; value I above
Prow of galley; griffin above, [ROMA] below.
32.9 mm 32.9 gm
The issue runs from Denarii through Sextans
This hefty coin is not a beauty (anymore) but Janus is rather distinct, as is the important griffin
From the x6 Collection = SteveP of the Forum Boards
Cr 183 AE As Anonymous [wolf/twins]10 viewsc. 169-158 BCE, anonymous bronze As
28.2mm, 20.83 grams
o: Laureate head of bearded Janus; I (mark of value) above
r: ROMA below | I, Prow r. | [Victory?] | Wolf and twins above
Crawford 183/1
Many elements crammed onto reverse of this coin.
Ex RBW collection
Cr 183/1 As Anonymous [wolf/twins]5 views169-158 b.c.e. (31mm, 26.29g, 7h).
o:Laureate head of bearded Janus
r: Prow of galley r.; above, she-wolf standing r., suckling Romulus and Remus
This reverse is rather unusual, in that it depicts the foundation story of Rome with bare minimum lines, which is depicted on later denarii in considerable detail, if not particular artistry. I have only one coin of this type, which seems to have suffered in striking due to the rather shallow twins and almost smudged prow.
Cr 185/3 Triens Terentius Varo8 viewscirca 169-158 b.c.e., 22 mm, 6.88 gm.
o: Helmeted head of Minerva r.; above, four pellets
r: Prow r.; above, VARO and before, four pellets. Below, ROMA.
Terentia 6.
ex RBW Collection
Hard to get excited about this particular coin, but the type is relatively rare.
Cr 187/1 AR Denarius Furius Purpurio 6 views169-158 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, X
r: Luna in biga right; murex shell above, PVR below; in exergue, ROMA in linear frame.
Cr. 187/1. Furia 13 (g. 3.88 mm. 18.00)
Cr 187/2 AE As Furia 12 viewsRoman Republic, Furius Purpurio, 169 - 158 B.C., Bronze as, Crawford 187/2, Sydenham 359, BMCRR II Italy 424, Russo RBW 798, SRCV I 705

Bronze as, Crawford 187/2, Sydenham 359, BMCRR II Italy 424, Russo RBW 798, SRCV I 705, gF, green and red patina, 19th century India ink collection mark, R.L. Furia" on reverse, weight 23.130g, maximum diameter 37.9mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 169 - 158 B.C.; obverse laureate and bearded head of Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse prow right, PVR (ligate) above, I before, ROMA in exergue; big 37.9 mm bronze, from the Andrew McCabe Collection; scarce

Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins
Cr 191/a As Anonymous VAL 8 viewsValerius (?).c. 169-158 BCE
o: Laureate head of Janus; above, I
r: Prow right; above, VAL ligate; before, I; below, ROMA.
Cr. 191/1. Valeria 1. (34.78g 34.00mm)
Earthen dark green patina -- photos not great
Overweight for type?
Cr 196/4 AE Quadrans Anonymous [Star]10 viewsRome, 169 - 157 BCE
o: Hercules head right, Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind
r: prow of galley right, ROMA above, three pellets below, star before
Crawford 196/4
3.1g, 17 mm
Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins
The smaller denominations of "Anonymous" bronze have varying degrees of scarcity; the "Star" quadrans is on the slightly scarcer side.
Cr 197-198B/1b As Anonymous1 viewsc. 157-156 b.c.e.
Laureate head of Janus, I [value] above
Prow right; I [value] before, ROMA below
16.03 gm 30mm
McCabe Group K3 (note cartoonish prowstem and peaked deck structure)
The Crawford numbering of these issues are a bit difficult to follow, and McCabe makes associations that are clearer once one can see a number of specimens of each Group.
Cr 201/2 As C. Scribonius 6 viewscirca 154 b.c.e. 30 mm, 21.38 gm.
o: Laureate head of Janus; above, mark of value "I"
r: Prow r.; above, CSCR and before, mark of value. Below, ROMA.
Scribonia 2
Although quite worn, the centering of the reverse is quite good, as sometimes it is difficult to determine the initial of the moneyer's praenomen.
Cr 201/4 AE Triens C. Scribonius C.f.8 views154 B.C. AE triens.
C. Scribonius C.f.. 154 B.C. AE triens (21.35 mm, 9.22 g, 11 h).
O: Head of Minerva right wearing crested Corinthian-style helmet; above, four pellets
R: Prow of Galley right, [C] SCR above, four pellets to right // [ROMA] (in ex, mostly off)
Crawford 201/4; Sydenham 381b.
Ex RBW Collection
Cr 206/1 AR Denarius S Afra24 views150 BCE Rome mint
o: Helmeted head of Roma right, X behind
r: Victory in biga right, SAFRA below horses, ROMA in exergue
Afrania 1 3.67 gm 19.00 mm
A "controversial" coin, if one is a bit of a pedant. Both Crawford and Sear note that the absence of a period/dot/stop after the "S" must lead to the conclusion that this is not issued by a "Spurius Afranius", but rather someone else. Indeed, Sear, due to his system, repeats the assertion for each of the seven types in this issue, from denarius to uncia, using up roughly a half-page of type, net. However, Sear makes no attempt to identify "S Afra", and Crawford cops out with "Safra" representing an unknown cognomen. I personally find it a bit difficult to hang such an argument on the absence of a dot but disregarding a usually distinct space between S and A. The Afranii were a fairly prolific bunch; one of them may have felt a need to be a bit hip-er than others. Plus, "Safra" does not seem to mean anything in Latin, which would be a bit unusual for a cognomen.
So, which explanation fits best: omission of a dot in a design versus a meaningless cognomen used by an unknown person who is not one of the members of a sound-alike gens that was sometimes of tertiary importance .....?

This coin is in wonderful condition for the type.
2 commentsPMah
Cr 215/2a As Q. Marcius Libo 12 viewsc. 148 BCE (30.5mm., 20.05g)
o: Laureate head of Janus; above, mark of value
r: QMARC Prow r.; before, LIBO and below, ROMA
Marcia 2. Sydenham 396. Crawford 215/2a.
Not a beauty, but I posted this for sharp detail on left reverse showing oar box and superstructure quite clearly
Cr 216/2a AE As L. Sempronius Pitio 12 viewsL. Sempronius Pitio. 148 B.C. AE as (30.7 mm, 20.60 g, 1 h). Rome mint. laureate head of bearded Janus; I above / L SEMP / ROMA, prow of galley right; I to right. Crawford 216/2a; Sydenham 403. Fine, sandy patina.
Ex RBW collection
Cr 217/1 AR Denarius C. Terentius Lucanus 9 views147 BCE (20mm, 3.75 g, 6h). Rome mint.
o:Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, Victory standing right, holding wreath, above X (mark of value)
r: Dioscuri, each holding spear, riding right C.TER.LV below, ROMA in ex.

Crawford 217/1; Sydenham 425; Terentia 10; RBW 932.
There are numerous types of coins minted by gens Terentia, but this denarius is likely the only one minted by a moneyer of the lesser branch of the Lucani.
Cr 217/1 AR Denarius C. Terentius Lucanus 19 views147 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, X and small Victory
r: The Dioscuri galloping right; below horses, C. TER.LVC. In exergue, ROMA.
Cr. 217/1. Terentia 10
(g. 3.59 mm. 18.00).
1 commentsPMah
Cr 228/2 AR Denarius C. Valerius C.f. Flaccus5 views140 b.c.e. 3.74 gm; 19.00 mm
o: Helmeted head of Roma right, X behind
r: Victory in biga right, [FLAC] above, C. VAL. C. F. below horses, ROMA in exergue.
A very standard type.
Except for the off-center loss of part of the reverse top inscription, a nice strike and nice coin.
Cr 228/2 AR Denarius C. Valerius C.f. Flaccus. 8 viewsRome 140 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right, X behind
r: Victory in biga right, FLAC above, C. VAL. C. F. below horses, ROMA in exergue.
3.74 gm, 19.00 mm
A nice example of 2nd Century denarius, neither particularly scarce nor especially common. There is a bit of metal overlap at 4:00 that looks like plating but is not. This interesting aspect of this issue is that one sub-group were produced with the XVI monogram (RRC 228/1 types) and the nearly identical sub-group carries the X monogram.
Cr 231/1 AR Denarius C. Renius8 views138 BCE Rome mint
o: Helmeted head of Roma right, X behind
r: Juno (Caprotina?) in biga of goats right, C. RENI below goats, ROMA in exergue.
Renia 1. 3.73 gm 18.00 mm
What can one say about a type that prominently features goats pulling a cart? Apparently a great deal if you are one of the great Republican numismatists and historians, who have a wide variety of explanations for why one of the more serious goddesses is being pulled around in a goat chariot on a fairly common coin. Crawford spends half a page saying why his predecessors are wrong to say the reverse depicts "Juno Caprotina" or other variations on the type. However, all he concludes is that it has something to do with Juno and and something to do with a goat, but not apparently "Juno of the Goat". This is one of those explanations in Crawford that leave something to be desired, such as clarity.

However, clarity is not a problem with this coin, which is nearly perfect except for the awkward chip in the flan from separation from the strip. I feel that the worker who separated the coins really tried to get the best out of this one.
Cr 232/1 AR Denarius Cn. Gellius 19 viewsCn. Gellius. Denarius 138 BCE, (18mm., 3.96g)
O: Helmeted head of Roma r.; behind, X. All within laurel wreath
r: Warrior in quadriga r., holding shield and grasping captive beside him; below, CNGEL. In ex, ROMA
Babelon Gellia 1. Sydenham 434. RBW 962. Crawford 232/1.
Cr 232/4 AE Quadrans Cn. Gellius 20 viewsRome, 138 BCE
o: Head of Hercules right; three pellets behind
r: Prow right, CN. GELI above, S before, [ROMA] below
Crawford 232/4
(4.68g, 20mm, 8h)
Cr 235/1a AR Denarius Sex. Pompeius Fostlus 10 views137 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; below chin, X; behind, jug
r: SEX. POM FOSTLVS. She-wolf suckling twins; behind, ficus Ruminalis; in left field, the shepherd Faustulus leaning on staff; in exergue, ROMA.
Cr. 235/1a. Pompeia 1. (g. 3.91 mm. 20.00)
This one's quite nice, pix do not do it justice.
Cr 236/1 AR Denarius M. Baebius Q. f. Tampilus 19 views137 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma left, X below chin, TAMPIL behind
r: Apollo in quadriga right, ROMA below horses, M. BAEBI. Q. F. in exergue
Cr. 236/1. Baebia 12.
(g. 3.93 mm. 19.00)
1 commentsPMah
Cr 238/1 AR Denarius L. Antestius Gragulus 9 views136 BC.AR Denarius (19 mm, 3.85 g, 10 h), Rome.
O: GRAG Helmeted head of Roma to right
R: L.ANTES / ROMA Jupiter in quadriga to right
Cr 241/4 AE Quadrans Trebianus 9 views135 BCE Quadrans of L. TREBANIUS (16 mm, 3.50 grams)
O: Hercules head, 3 pellets behind.
R: ROMA 4 pellets L REBNI, prow r. with mast with pennant, wreath
Reference: Crawford 241/4
ex RBW Collection
Cr 244/1 AR Denarius C. Aburius Geminus7 views 134 BC. Rome mint
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, GEM; below chin, X
r: Mars in quadriga right, holding spear and trophy; below, C. ABVRI [ligate]; in exergue, ROMA.
Aburia 1
3.92 gm 17.50 mm
An exceedingly unremarkable type, but this coin is in very nice condition.
Cr 244/3 AE Quadrans C. Aburius Geminus 11 views134 BCE 18.7 mm, 4.24 grams.
o: Hercules head r, 3 pellets behind
r: ROMA, M.ABVRI M.F. GEM above and below prow r., 3 dots
Crawford 244/3

Cr 244/3 Quadrans C. Aburius Geminus12 viewsRome, 134 BCE
o: Head of Hercules right, wearing lions skin headdress; (mark of value) behind, [club below]
r: Prow of galley right; C (ABVR)I/GEM above, (mark of value) to right
Sydenham 491a; Type as RBW 1008
18.5mm 4.29 gm

This coin, as with the other 3 posted at same time, is vastly better in hand. This coin also has a Republic-nerd pedigree to die for: From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex RBW Collection Duplicate; purchased by RBW from Roberto Russo.
Cr 245/1 AR Denarius M. Marcius Mn. f. 6 views134 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; below chin, X; behind, modius
r: Victory in biga right; below, M MARC/ROMA divided by two corn-ears.
Cr. 245/1. Marcia 8
(g. 3.93 19.00 mm)
Cr 246/4a Quadrans C. Numitorius2 views134 BCE Rome mint
Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin; three pellets behind
Prow right; CNVMITOR above, three pellets before
3.57 gm, 19 mm
This issue included Denarii through Sextans, but no As.
Not a common type. Hercules is rather crudely executed, as are many quadrans in this period.
Cr 249/1 AR Denarius P. Maenius Antiaticus M. f. 14 viewsRome, 132 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right, XVI monogram behind
r: Victory driving quadriga right, PMAE ANT (ligate) below; ROMA in ex.
Crawford 249/1; Maenia 7.
(3.82g, 19mm, 9h.)
Cr 249/3 Quadrans P. Maenius M.f. [Antiaticus?]0 views 132 b.c.e. Rome mint
Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin headdress; three pellets behind
Prow right; PMAEANTMF (ligate) above, three pellets before, ROMA below
7.95gm 20mm

The exact cognomen of the moneyer is not universally agreed.
Cr 250/1 AR Denarius M. Aburius M.F. Geminus 21 views132 B.C.E. Rome mint
(19.32 mm, 3.93 g, 7 h)
o: GEM, helmeted head of Roma right; XVI monogram below chin
r: MABVRI / ROMA, Sol, holding reins and whip, driving galloping quadriga right
Crawford 250/1; Aburia 6
1 commentsPMah
Cr 250/2 Quadrans M. Aburi M.f. Gem5 viewsc. 132 b.c.e. 19 mm, 6.70 gm.
o: Head of Hercules r., wearing lions skin; behind, three pellets and below neck truncation, club
r: MABVRI MF / GEM Prow r.; before, three pellets and below, ROMA.
Aburia 7
E.E. Clain-Stefanelli collection (which was very, very large)
Nicely struck, despite wear. Nice dark brown patina.
More to follow on this type.
Cr 252/1 AR Denarius L. Postumius Albinus3 viewsL. Postumius Albinus 131 BCE
Rome mint
Helmeted head of Roma right; apex to left, mark of value below chin / Mars driving galloping quadriga right, holding trophy, shield, and spear. LPOSTA below, ROMA in ex.
19.5mm 3.91 gm
Postumia 1
One of the types without associated bronze. Interesting use of ligate lettering on rev. The apex on the obv. presumably reflects that an ancestor was Flamens Martialis; an ordinary moneyer is probably a bit young for that priesthood. One would have to have considerable self-confidence to wear such a hat, which can be seen on this iteration to be quite tall and spiky, not always seen quite that way.
Cr 253/1 AR Denarius L. Opimius4 views131 b.c.e. 3.95 gm; 17.50 mm
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; below chin, *; behind, wreath
r: Victory in quadriga right; below, MOPEIMI. In exergue, ROMA.

Nice toning on this coin, lost a bit in photo.
Cr 256/4a AE Quadrans Q. Caecilius Metellus7 views130 BCE
(16.78 mm, 3.03 g, 7 h). Rome mint.
o: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion's skin headdress; three pellets behind
r: QMET / ROMA, prow of galley right, three pellets to right
Crawford 256/4a; Sydenham 510b
Ex RBW collection
Cr 257/1 AR Denarius M. Vargunteius 11 viewsRome, 130 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; XVI monogram below chin, MVARG behind
r: Jupiter driving triumphal quadriga right, holding palm frond and thunderbolt; ROMA in ex
Crawford 257/1; RSC Vargunteia 1.
3.80g, 20mm, 1h.
Cr 259/1 AR Denarius Q. Marcius Q.n. Philippus8 views129 b.c.e ;17 mm, 3.73 gm
o: Helmeted head of Roma right, with star on neck-guard; * mark of value behind
r: Q P(HI)LIP[VS] below, [ROMA] in ex, Macedonian horseman riding right; Macedonian helmet to left
For those of you who may say "Macedonian helmet????" on reverse, the highly-stylized mark represents such a helmet, perhaps engraved by someone who had never seen a Macedonian helmet, or, as in the case of the moneyer, had heard a description from his grandfather.
Cr 260/1 AR Denarius T. Cloelius 12 viewsRome, 128 BCE
o: Helmeted bust of Roma right, wreath behind, ROMA below
r: Victory in biga right, ear of corn below horses, TCLOVLI in exergue
Crawford 260/1; Cloulia 1.
(3.89g, 20mm, 11h)
Cr 261/1 AR Denarius Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus 16 views128 BCE. (20mm, 3.90 g, 6h). Rome mint.
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; grain stalk to left, mark of value below chin
r: Victory, holding reins and whip, driving biga right, ROMA above; below, man attacking lion with spear, CN. DOM in ex
Crawford 261/1; Sydenham 514; Domitia 14; RBW 1056.
The Domitii Ahenobarbi peaked early in the late Republic, with many a contentious character active at key moments.
The last to hold the name for long was Nero's father, conveniently dying in time for Nero's mother Agrippina to marry Claudius, who adopted young Domitius.
Cr 261/1 AR Denarius Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus 10 views128 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, corn-ear; before, X
r: Victory in biga right, holding reins and whip; above, ROMA; below, man fighting lion (or hound?); in exergue, CN DOM.
Cr. 261/1. Domitia 14.
(g. 3.81 mm. 19.00 )
Cr 262/2 AE Semis Anonymous [Elephant]12 viewsc. 128 BCE, bronze Semis
20.9 mm, 8.29 grams
o: Saturn head right, S behind
r: Prow right, [S before?], elephant head above, [R]OM[A] below
Crawford 262/2
Ex. RBW collection
Cr 262/2 AE Semis Anonymous 10 views128 B.C.E.
AE Semis Anonymous, Rome mint
o: laureate head of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind
r: galley prow right, elephant head wearing bell facing right above, S (mark of value) right, ROMA below
(7.242g, maximum diameter 22.3mm, die axis 90o,
ex RBW Collection
Forum's Notes:
The elephant head recalls the victory of L. Caecilius Metellus over Hasdrubal at Panormus in 250 B.C. and the capture of Hasdrubal's elephants. The moneyer is perhaps L. Caecilius Metellus Diadematus, Consul 117 B.C., or L. Caecilius Metellus Delmaticus, Consul 119 B.C.
Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins
Cr 263/3b Semis M. Caecilius Q. f. Q. n. Metellus 0 views127 b.c.e Rome mint
Laureate head of Saturn right; S behind
Prow right; Macedonian shield above, S before, ROMA below
9.17 gm 23mm
The Caecili Metelli were quite proud of the victory over Macedonia of their forebearer, Macedonius. The shield is found on all the types in this issue, and, on this Semis and a related Quadrans, the name is dispensed with, although some specimens of both retain the name crammed on the reverse.
Cr 265/3 AE Quadrans [Q. Max.] 13 viewsc. 127 BCE AE quadrans (16.6 mm, 3.23 grams)
O: 3 pellets behind Hercules head r.
R: Q.MAX ROMA 3 pellets, above and below prow r.
Crawford 265/3.
Ex. RBW Collection
Cr 268/1b AR Denarius Numerius Fabius Pictor 9 views126 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, X; below chin, letter
r: Q. Fabius Pictor, as Flamen Quirinalis,seated left, shield at side inscribed QVI/RIN, holding apex and spear;
on right, N. FABI; on left, PICTOR; in exergue, ROMA; behind head [letter]
Cr. 268/1b. Fabia 11. (g. 3.87 mm. 17.00)
Scarcer type. Iridescent cabinet toning
Cr 270/1 AR Denarius M. Porcius Laeca 11 viewsM. Porcius Laeca. 125 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.82 g, 6h). Rome mint.
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; X below chin; LAECA behind
r: Libertas in quadriga right, vindicta, reins & pileus, crowned by Victory flying left above, M.POR/ROMA below
Cr 270/1; Sydenham 513; Porcia 3: RBW 1088.
Cr 272/1 ? Semis Anonymous9 views135-125 B.C.E Unofficial?
o: Head of Saturn right; behind, S
r: Prow right; before, S(?); below, ROMA.
6.61 gm

This coin is a bit of a puzzle. It is quite possibly the already-scarce or even rare Cr 272/1, an issue of just a Semis and a Quadrans, but it has some qualities that suggest it is a contemporary imitation. The reverse is a bit odd; the obverse not so odd. To my eye, illustrations of the official type are pretty close. Perhaps there was one feeble die among a limited number used for a stop-gap issue, as this falls within a few years where bronze is seemingly a bit scarcer than denarii.
Cr 272/2 Quadrans Anonymous 10 viewsAnonymous. 135-125 BCE quadrans (17 mm, 4.21 g, 6 h). Rome.
o: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion's skin headdress; behind, three pellets
r: [R]OMA in exergue, prow of galley right; in right field, three pellets
Crawford 272/2
Cr 274/1 AR Denarius C. Porcius Cato 7 viewsC. Porcius Cato. 123 B.C. (19 mm, 3.73 g, 9 h). Rome.
Head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet; behind, X
C CATO below, ROMA in exergue, Victory, holding reins and whip, driving galloping biga right.
Crawford 274/1; Sydenham 417; Porcia 1.
Cr 277/1 AR Denarius Q. Minucius Rufus 7 views122 B.C.E. (18.60 mm, 3.79 g, 1 h). Rome mint.
o: RVF, helmeted head of Roma right; mark of value X below chin
r: Q MINV, Dioscuri riding right, ROMA in exergue.
Crawford 277/1
Cr 278/1 AR Denarius C. Plutius 6 views121 BC. (18mm, 3.80 g, 9h). Rome mint.
Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) behind
The Dioscuri riding right, C PLVTI below, ROMA in ex
Crawford 278/1; Sydenham 414; Plutia 1; RBW 1101. VF, toned, a few minor marks under tone.
Cr 280/1 AR Denarius M. Tullius 10 viewsM. Tullius. 119 BCE. (18.4mm, 3.91 g, 5h). Rome mint
o: Helmeted head of Roma right, ROMA behind
r: Victory in galloping quadriga rt, palm frond & reins; wreath above; X below; M TVLLI in ex
Crawford 280/1; Sydenham 531; Tullia 1.
Rare moneyer
Cr 281/1 AR Denarius M. Furius L.f. Philus 10 views121 BCE (30mm., 3.59g.)
o: MFOVRILF Laureate head of Janus
r: Roma standing l., wearing Corinthian helmet and holding sceptre, crowning trophy flanked by a carnyx and shield on each side; above her head, star. To r., ROMA and in exergue, PHLI.
Furia 18. Sydenham 529. RBW 1105. Crawford 281/1
Not a great coin overall, but obverse detail quite strong.
Cr 282/4 AR Denarius L. Pomponius Cn.f. 13 views (21 mm, 3.82 g, 6 h). Rome.
Crawford 282/4; Sydenham 522; Pomponia 7.
o: LPOM-P-ONI C(NF), head of Roma right,in winged helmet; behind, X
r: LLICCN DOM in ex, warrior hurling spear and holding shield, reins and carnyx, galloping biga rt
Cr 282/4 AR Denarius L. Pomponius Cn. f.15 viewsL. Pomponius Cn. f. AR Denarius serratus 118 b.c.e.
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, X; around, L. POMPONI CN F.
r: Bituitus in biga right; in ex, L. LIC. CN. DOM.
3.81 gms; 20.00 mm
This coin is much better in hand.
If the attribution of the reverse figure to Bituitus is correct, this coin commemorates the defeat of one of the most incompetent generals ever defeated by Roman valor, who lost over 120,000 troops according to severely outdated sources. The moneyers are splitting the designs -- Pomponius gets the interesting obverse, yet Domitius, whose father(?) was the winning general a few years earlier, chose a very ordinary reverse. Perhaps there is more to the story than meets the eye.
Cr 282/5 AR Denarius7 views118 b.c.e. 20 mm, 3.86 gm
o: L PORCI LICI, head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet; * mark behind
r: L LIC CN DOM in exergue, Gallic warrior (Bituitus?), hurling spear and holding shield and carnyx, driving biga right.
Sydenham 520; Porcia 8
The reverse centering on this coin is not ideal, but the obverse is nicely centered and the serration is perhaps showing natural wear. (I am not certain.) The reverse strike is good.
Cr 283/1a AR Denarius Q. Marcius, C. Fabius and L. Roscius 11 views 118-117 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right, XVI monogram behind
r: Victory in galloping quadriga right, crowning horses with wreath, ROMA below, R MAR C F L R in ex.
Marcia 16; Cr.283/1a
(3.83 gm)
Cr 285/1 AR Denarius Cn Domitius Ahenobarbus2 viewsRome mint, 116 or 115 BCE
Helmeted head of Roma r.; behind, X and before, ROMA
Jupiter in prancing quadriga r., holding sceptre and hurling thunderbolt; in exergue, CN DOMI
(Crawford sees sceptre as a laurel-branch.)
20mm 3.78 gm
Domitia 7
There's an interesting numismatic puzzle of the association of this type with a closely-related type of different moneyers, but I do not fully understand it and will skip for now.
I posted this specimen for the awful execution of the reverse, where the engraver competently depicted the horses' heads and tack, but then apparently realized that nearly 2/3 of the die face remained, and, so, panicking, filled in the field with horse-legs with a bizarre variety of joints and proportions -- the Ministry of Silly Horse Walks, 2nd Century BCE.
cr 286/1 AR Denarius M. Sergius Silus24 views116-115 b.c.e. 3.84 gm; 18.00 mm.
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; before, EX. S.C; behind, ROMA and *
r: Horseman left, holding sword and a severed head in left hand; below horse, Q / [M.] SERGI; in exergue, SILVS.
A special issue, by Senate decree, Sergius holding the fiscal office of Quaestor. Another dynamic decapitation, this coin retaining the facial expressions of the recently-deceased barbarian.
The photo is a bit washed-out, but the excellent obverse strike is apparent.
3 commentsPMah
Cr 293/1 AR Denarius L. Philippus25 views113 to 111-ish BCE
o: Head of Philip of Macedon right, wearing royal Macedonian helmet; under chin, Φ; behind, ROMA monogram
r: Equestrian statue right, base inscribed L. PHILIPPVS; below horse, flower; in exergue, XVI [mono]
Marcia 12. 3.92 gm 21.00 mm
The obverse oddly depicts Philip V of Macedon, sometime ally and sometime opponent of Rome, and seems to point to an earlier claim by the Marcii Philippi to a connection to the Macedonian dynasty. The reverse likely depicts a statue of another Marcius in the Roman Forum. There are monograms, flowers, and other elements to round out an array of meanings. The bronze issues, a quadrans and uncia, are also a bit busy and a bit scarcer.

This is a really nice coin, with a bit of deposit at 9:00 obverse, but I just can't get enthusiastic about the type.
3 commentsPMah
Cr 296/1d AR Denarius Cn. Blasio Cn.f. 34 viewso: Helmeted male head (Mars or Scipio Africanus?) right; [mark of value] above, prow stem behind
r: Jupiter standing facing, holding scepter and thunderbolt, crowned by Juno on left and Minerva on right
Cn. Blasio Cn.f. 112-111 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.86 g, 6h). Rome mint. Helmeted male head (Mars or Scipio Africanus?) right; [mark of value] above, prow stem behind / Jupiter standing facing, holding scepter and thunderbolt, between Juno on left and Minerva on right, crowning Jupiter with wreath; Π between Jupiter and Minerva. Crawford 296/1d; Sydenham 561b; Cornelia 19.
2 commentsPMah
Cr 298/1 AR Denarius Lucius Caesius 13 views112-111 BCE. AR Denarius (20.4mm, 3.72 g, 1h). Rome mint.
O: Youthful, draped bust of Vejovis left, seen from behind, hurling thunderbolt; ROMA monogram to right
R: Two Lares seated right, each holding a staff; dog standing right between them, head of Vulcan and tongs above; L. CAESI
Crawford 298/1; Sydenham 564; Caesia 1

An unusual coin for this era of the Republic, particularly the bust seen over the shoulder. On the Rev, these are often cited as "Lares Praestites", guardians of the City of Rome. That makes sense as a coin, but that image is rare on coins and I (hope/think) some of the more local or personal lares are intended. The unusual obverse suggests that perhaps the reverse is equally creative and artistic.

Cr 298/1 L. Caesius10 views112 or 111 BCE
o: Youthful bust of Apollo left, hurling thunderbolt, monogram behind
r: Two Lares Praestites seated right, dog between them; head of Vulcan and tongs above; LA monogram on left, ER monogram right [off flan], L CAES[I] in ex [AE ligate]
Crawford 298/1; Caesia 1
3.88gg. (12h)
See notes on my other example of this artistic type; this one is even nicer.
Cr 299/1b AR Denarius4 viewsAppius Claudius Pulcher, T. Manlius Mancius (?) & Q. Urbinius (??)
Rome mint, 111-110 BCE
Helmeted head of Roma right; quadrangular device behind
Victory driving triga right, TMAAP CLQVR in ex.
3.94 gm, 17 mm
The text above does not do justice to the complexity of the ligature of the legend. This variety of the type leads off with moneyer "MA", presumed, not without contrary views, to be a Manlius or a Mallius; Crawford settles on Maloleius. I retained the seller's interpretation in the header for consistency.
"AP CL", by this time frame, will be a Claudius.
Crawford also cites but disputes an earlier interpretation that "Q. VR" stood for Quaestor Urbinus, rather than an unknown Urbinus. Puzzling that a Claudius would share honors.
No associated bronze types.
This coin nicely colored.

2 commentsPMah
Cr 302/1 AR Denarius L. Flaminius Cilo0 views109 or 108 b.c.e., Rome mint
Helmeted head of Roma r.; behind, ROMA and below chin, X
Victory in prancing biga r.; below horses, LFLAMINI, CILO in ex.
Flaminia 1

A large issue without associated bronze.
The reverse engraving suffered from the large production, as Victory, on this specimen, drives extremely tiny-headed horses.
Cr 304/1 AR Denarius L. Memmius12 views 109-108 b.c.e 3.93 gm; 19.50 mm
o: Young male head right (Apollo?), wearing oak-wreath; before, *
r: Dioscuri standing facing between their horses, each holding spear; in exergue, L. MEMMI.
This reverse breaks with the (boring) tradition of The Galloping Dioscuri reverse and presents a bold, frontal, sculptural presentation, similar to the sculptural group in front of the Quirinale Palace.
1 commentsPMah
Cr 306/1 AR Denarius L. Valerius Flaccus 10 views108-107 BCE (19mm, 3.78 g, 5h). Rome mint.
o: Winged and draped bust of Victory right; mark of value below chin
r: Mars advancing left, holding spear and trophy; apex to left, stalk of grain to right, L VALERI FLACC

Crawford 306/1; Sydenham 565; Valeria 11; RBW 1147.
Cr 308/1a AR Denarius M. Herennius 32 views 108-107 BCE. AR Denarius M. Herennius, Rome, (19mm, 3.83g, 11h).
O: Diademed head of Pietas r.; control mark before chin;PIETAS behind.
R: M HERENNI, left; Amphinomus carrying his father aloft r., who looks back
Crawford 308/1a; RBW -; RSC Herennia 1.
[The Herennii seem to have adopted the Sicilian image of the brothers who fled Aetna with their parents, but most sources put the origin of the gens in Campania.]
2 commentsPMah
Cr 311/1 AR Denarius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus 8 viewsRome (19.2 MM AND 3.86 GRAMS)
OBVERSE Laureate head of Jupiter left
REVERSE Jupiter in quadriga right, brandishing thunderbolt, L SCIP ASIAG in ex
Syd 576 Sear 188 Craw 311/1
Cornelia 24

The moneyer is likely the grandson of L Cornelius Scipio, son of Scipio Africanus.
Keeping track of the Scipiones is an annoying task.
Cr 312/1 AR Denarius C. Sulpicius C.f. Galba21 views Rome, 106 BCE
o: Jugate heads of Dei Penates left, DPP before
r: Two soldiers swearing oath over sow, L above, C SVLPICI. C F in ex.
Crawford 312/1. Sulpicia 1
Serrated, 3.85g. (12h)
Penates were both personal and public gods, and this obverse emphasizes that these are the public form, "Publici", as it would be quite unusual to emphasize the private aspect of household gods. The oath scene on reverse likely refers to the founding myth of the white sow at Alba Longa in the Aeneid. The Sulpicii gens eventually culminated (and terminated) with the emperor Galba.
1 commentsPMah
Cr 313/2 AE As Memmius 7 viewso: laureate bearded head of Janus, I (mark of value) above
r: Prow right, head of Venus decorating acrostolium; Cupid stdg l before prow and placing wreath on head of Venus, L MEMMI (ME ligate) above, ROMA below
Bronze as, Crawford 313/2, Sydenham 575 (very rare), BMCRR I Rome 1357, Russo RBW 1160, SRCV I 733, gF, well centered, light corrosion, edge cracks, weight 24.804g, maximum diameter 31.0mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 106 B.C.; obverse laureate bearded head of Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse Prow right, head of Venus decorating acrostolium (prow-stem), Cupid standing left before prow and placing wreath on head of Venus, L MEMMI (ME ligate) above, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; very rare
Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins
Cr 313/4 Quadrans L. Memmius Galeria5 viewsc. 106 b.c.e., 18 mm, 4.16 gms.
o: Head of Hercules r., wearing lions skin; behind, three pelelts
r: Three pellets above /LMEMMI above Prow r., with head of Venus decorating acrostolium; before, Cupid placing wreath on its top and below, ROMA.
Memmia 5. Sydenham 575b.
One has to squint, a bit, at the interersting reverse to see Venus and Cupid on the reverse, but Cupid is facing left and stretching very hard towards the acrostolium, wings fluttering behind. The "eye" and the "X" oar-box are clear, as are the stylized waves.
ex RBW Collection (not NAC sales)
Cr 318/1b AR Denarius C. Coelius Caldus 14 viewsRome, 104 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma left
r: Victory driving galloping biga left, holding reins; CALD below, C between two pellets in ex.
Crawford 318/1b; Coelia 3.
(3.82g, 19mm, 4h.)
Relatively unusual obverse that does not identify "Roma" or bear mark of value
Cr 320/1 fouree AR Denarius Fouree L. Julius L.f. Caesar13 viewsc. 103 BCE fourre denarius (16.8 mm, 3.01 g, 5 h)
o: CAESAR upwards behind helmeted head of Mars, left; above, control symbol Q OR p
r: Venus driving a chariot left, drawn by two flying erots; lyre in field beneath; LIVLILF in ex.
cf. Julia 4
An extremely convincing fouree, with break-through wear on the highest points on the reverse. Crawford says that the type repeats the control mark, which is variable in execution on authentic pieces, on both sides, which I do not clearly see on this otherwise crisp coin; perhaps this was a "tell" to contemporaries.
Cr 321/1 AR Denarius L. Cassius Caecianus 12 views102 BCE Rome mint
o: Draped bust of Ceres left, wearing wreath of grain ears; A[] to upper right
r: Two yoked oxen pulling plow left; X above
(17mm, 3.96 g, 6h)
Crawford 321/1; Sydenham 594; Cassia 4; RBW 1176 var. (controls)
Cr 322/1b AR Denarius C. Fabius C.f. Hadrianus 13 views102 BCE AR Denarius C. Fabius C.f. Hadrianus, Rome, (21mm, 3.94g, 10h)
o: EXAPV behind veiled & turreted bust of Cybele right
r: CFABICF, victory in biga right; D and stork below

Crawford 322/1b; cf. RBW 1177; RSC Fabia 14. Rare?
Cr 324/1 AR Denarius M. Lucilius Rufus 13 viewso: Helmeted head of Roma right; PV to left; all within laurel wreath
r: Victory driving galloping biga right, holding whip and reins

M. Lucilius Rufus. 101 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.93 g, 9h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; PV to left; all within laurel wreath / Victory driving galloping biga right, holding whip and reins. Crawford 324/1; Sydenham 599; Lucilia 1.
Cr 324/5b AR Denarius C. Vibius C.f. Pansa 6 views90 B.C.E. (16.5 mm, 3.70 g, 6 h). Rome mint.
o: PANSA, laureate head of Apollo right, liitus below chin
r: CVIBIVSCF, Minerva driving quadriga right, holding reins and spear.
Crawford 324/5b
Cr 325/1b AR Denarius L. Sentius C.f.8 viewsRome, 101 BCE

o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, ARG * PVB [ligate AR]
r: Jupiter in quadriga right, holding thunderbolt and reins in left hand and sceptre in right hand; below, [control mark] H; in exergue, L.SENTI C.F.

Sentia 1 3.93 gm 21.00 mm

This is a pretty coin despite the weak strike on the important left side of the obverse (also affecting Jupiter on reverse). There, the coin proclaims that it is made from Public Silver, ARGentvm PVBlicvm, although the specific reasons are elusive; several nearly contemporaneous issues use the formula.
Cr 327/1 AR Denarius M. Servilius C.f. 21 views100 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, Z
r: Two warriors, a Roman and a barbarian fighting on foot, each with a horse behind him; in exergue, M. SERVEILI. C. F / T
Cr. 327/1. Servilia 13
(g. 3.93 mm. 21.50)
1 commentsPMah
Cr 328/1 AR Denarius P. Servilius Rullus 15 viewsRome, 100 BCE
o: Cuirassed bust of Minerva left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; RVLLI upwards behind
r: Victory driving fast biga right, holding palm and reins; P below horses, [P]SERVILIMF in ex
Crawford 328/1; RSC Servilia 14.
(3.92g, 17mm, 4h.)
Although this is a "head/Victory-in-biga" type, I think the style of the reverse of this coin is very dynamic.
Cr 329/1b AR Denarius P. Cornelius Lentulus M.f. 52 viewsRome, 100 BCE
o: Bust of Hercules right, seen from behind, holding club, shield in left field, K below pellet in right field, ROMA below
r: Roma standing facing, holding spear and wearing triple-crested helmet, Genius of the Roman People right crowning her and holding cornucopiae, K below pellet in left field, LENTMARF in ex, all within laurel-wreath
Crawford 329/1b; Cornelia 25a
(3.94g, 20mm, 12h)
A somewhat busy design.
5 commentsPMah
Cr 332/1b AR Quinarius T. Cloelius 9 views98 BCE
o: Laureate head of Jupiter right; below, S and dot
r: Victory right, crowning trophy; before trophy, captive; beside, carnyx; between Victory and trophy, T. CLOVLI; in exergue, Q.
Cr. 332/1b; Cloelia 2 (g. 1.83 mm. 15.00)
Cr 333/1 AR Quinarius C. Egnatuleius C.f. 8 views 97 BCE
o: Laureate head of Apollo right; below, Q; behind, C. EGNATVLEI. C. F.
r: Victory left inscribing shield attached to trophy; beside trophy, carnix; between Victory and trophy, Q; in exergue, ROMA.
Cr. 333/1
(g. 1.90 mm. 16.00 )
Cr 334/1 AR Denarius L. Pomponius Molo 23 viewsL. Pomponius Molo, 97 BCEDenarius (20 mm, 3.81 g, 6 h), Rome.
L.POMPON.MOLO Laureate head of Apollo to right.
NVMA POMPIL Numa standing before altar, sacrificing. Babelon (Pomponia) 6. Crawford 334/1. Sydenham 607.
1 commentsPMah
Cr 335/1a AR Denarius C. Malleolus, A. Albinus Sp.f., and L. Caecilius Metellus12 views96 BCE Rome mint
o: L. METEL A. ALB. S. F Laureate head of Apollo to right
r: C. MALL / ROMA Roma seated left on pile of shields, holding spear and parazonium, being crowned by Victory standing behind
Crawford 335/1a
(19 mm, 3.72 g, 4 h)
Cr 335/1b AR Denarius Caecilius / Postumius /Poblicius 12 viewsL. Caecilius Metellus, A. Postumius S.f. Albinus, C. Poblicius Malleolus, late 90s BCE(19 mm, 3.90 g, 10 h).
o: A-ALB.S.F / L. METEL Laureate head of Apollo to right; below neck, star
r: C.MALL / ROMA Roma seated left, crowned by Victory
Babelon (Caecilia) 46, (Poblicia) 3, (Postumia) 3. Crawford 335/1b. Sydenham 611a.
Cr 335/3f AR Denarius Malleolus, Albinus & Metellus15 viewsRome, 96 BCE . AR Denarius
issue of C. Malleolus, A. Albinus Sp.f., and L. Caecilius Metellus

o: Helmeted head of Mars right; mallet above, mark of value below chin
r: Warrior standing left, right foot on cuirass, holding spear and leaning on tabella divided into two compartments, in one CM/(AL) in two lines, in the other a Π, retrograde and sideways; trophy in left field.
Sydenham 615b; Poblicia 8; Type as RBW 1205

18.5mm, 3.91 gms.

This coin is not a beauty, but the key details are quite clear. The placement of the mallet (= "Malleus") above the head of Mars is a bit comical to modern eyes, and reflects either a difference sensibility towards slapstick comedy in ancient times or an engraver not particularly well informed about divine sensitivities. ("Malleolus", by the way, is the medical term for the part of your ankle that sticks out.)

From the Andrew McCabe Collection. McCabe's notes as to this coin include: "This variety with the voting tablet inscribed C. MAL is quite a lot scarcer than that with a prow."
As with the other 3 coins posted in this group, the coin is much better in hand.
Cr 335/9 AR Denarius A. Albinus Sp. f. 8 viewsRome, c. 96 BCE
o: Diademed and draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver on shoulder; below, ROMA
r: Three horsemen galloping left; before, fallen warrior; in exergue, A. ALBINVS S.F.
[This example has AL ligate.]
3.87 gm 18.50 mm
The odd items on the reverse above left of the riders are likely standards, but the left-most one looks almost like a modius! There are a few possible interpretations of the reverse, none of which are particularly stronger than the others, and all relating to the Postumia gens' tendency to get killed in battles important to Rome. Crawford associates the types of three moneyers for the same year.
Cr 337/3 AR Denarius D. Silanus L.f.12 views91 BCE , Rome.
o: Helmeted head of Roma to right; behind R
r: D SILANVS L F / ROMA Victory in biga to right, holding reins in both hands; above, VI
Crawford 337/3. Sydenham 646
(19 mm, 3.51 g, 3 h)
Nice coin with a bit of stretched flan
Cr 337/3 AR Denarius D. Iunius Silanus L.f. 12 viewsD. Iunius Silanus L.f.91 BCE (17.5mm., 3.78g)
o: Helmeted head of Roma r.; behind N
r: Victory in biga r., holding palm-branch and reins in l. hand and whip in r.; above IVI. DSILANVSLF / ROMA in ex.
Junia 15. Sydenham 646. Crawford 337/3
This coin has much nicer toning than shown in this photo.
Cr 337/3 AR Denarius D. Silanus L.f. 6 views91 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, C
r: Victory in biga right; in exergue, D. SILANVS L.F/ROMA
Cr. 337/3; Junia 15
(g. 3.93 mm. 17.50)
Crisp strike, nice tone
Cr 339/2 AE Semis Anonymous9 viewsRome, 91 BCE
o: Laureate head of Saturn right; behind, S
r: Prow right; above, S; below, ROMA
9.67 gm 24.00 mm
If my identification of the type as a late Semis grouped by Crawford under 339 is correct, then the coin is relatively rarer. It is not a great example and perhaps I need more research.
Cr 339/?? AE Sextans Anonymous/unofficial?8 viewsAn odd coin, seemingly a late Sextans, but none are identified by Crawford among his No. 339 group of late bronze. He speculated that the lower denominations may be unofficial; McCabe seems to have found an official quadrans, posted on his site.
c. 91 BC (?)
o: Head of Mercury right; above, ROMA; below, two pellets
r: Prow right; above, ROMA; below, two pellets
1.77 gm 14.50 mm
Time to put this on the research list.
Cr 340/1 AR Denarius L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi27 views90 BCE Rome mint
o: Laureate head of Apollo to right; behind, inverted anchor; below chin, B
r: L PISO FRVGI Jockey riding galloping horse to right, holding palm branch; above, D; Below, star
Crawford 340/1; Calpurnia 11
(17 mm, 3.76 g, 12 h)
2 commentsPMah
Cr 340/1 AR Denarius L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi 10 views90 BCE
o: Laureate head of Apollo r.; behind, *
r: Horseman galloping r., holding whip in upraised r. hand; below, LPISOFRVGI/XV
18mm, 3.92g.
Calpurnia 11; Crawford 340/1
Cr 340/1 AR Denarius L. Piso Frugi1 views90 b.c.e. Rome Mint
Laureate head of Apollo r.; behind, control numeral V XXXXI
Horseman galloping r., holding palm branch; below, L PISO FRVGI / ROMA in monogram; above, control numeral CXVII
18mm 3.96 gm
Calpurnia 12
It is difficult to get overly-excited about this type, or its quinarius, with the nearly unlimited combinations of control numerals. (I may be mis-reading the obverse control number as having a prefix "V", but perhaps not. I need to research the combinations a bit.)
Cr 340/1 AR Denarius L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi6 viewsc. 90 BCE, Rome, 19mm, 3.87gm.
o: Laureate head of Apollo r.; behind, control numeral X(?)
r: Horseman galloping r., w/palm branch; below, L PISO FRVGI / ROMA [mono]; above, XVII
Calpurnia 12. Sydenham 661.
This type, presumably struck at the height of the Social War, is overall common, with nearly 1000 dies each side, and seemingly one control number per die. It is an odd type, if the dating is right, as it speaks neither to the Social War, nor much to the loyalty of the legions. The war was quite intense, and it hardly seems that the legions would be distracted by the Games of Apollo ("home before the leaves fall" as they said in 1914) , or that the Italians would be bought off by a nostalgic sense that they would be cut off from the really cool games in Rome. Perhaps it reflects the blindness/stupidity/narcissism of the Roman Senatorial class that fostered the resentment among the Socii.
As a collecting type, I had not been enthusiastic about it until I learned of some rare variations and also came to appreciate the simplicity of the design. This one, among several I now have, has nice toning and strike. I will not seek all of the variants suggested by Crawford's two pages of control marks...
Cr 340/4 As L. Calpurnius L.f. L.n. Piso Frugi 8 views 90 B.C.E. (27.43 mm, 13.84 g, 5 h). Rome mint.
o: Laureate head of bearded Janus; I above
r: L PISO / FRVGI, prow of galley right, on which stands Victory right, holding palm frond.
Crawford 340/4
Ex RBW Collection
Cr 340/4 AR As L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi4 views90 BC.
O: Head of Janus, laureate.
R: L PISO, prow right, with Victory standing right, palm branch over shoulder, FRVGI
11.31 gms; 28.00 mm
(You have to use your imagination to find most of the reverse inscription on this coin, a relatively late bronze which would have seen a lot of circulation. Victoria is very clear.)
Cr 342/5a AR Denarius C. Vibius C. f. Pansa5 views90 BC. 3.88 gms 18.00 mm
O: Head of Apollo right, laureate.
R: Minerva in quadriga right; holding reins, spear and trophy; above, flying Victoria; C VIBIVS CF in ex.
I cannot quite make out the control mark before chin.
Cr 344/3 AR Denarius L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus 12 views 89 BCE. Rome
o: Bearded head of King Tatius right, SABIN behind
r: Victory in Biga right, bearing wreath, L TITVRI below, grain ear in exergue
(18mm., 3,86g)
Sydenham 700; Crawford 344/3
Cr 344/4a AE As L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus 22 viewsRome, 89 BC. (31mm, 11.94g, 9h)
o: Laureate head of Janus
r: Prow right, L TITVRI L F above, [SABINVS] below, I before
Crawford 344/4a; RBW 1304
1 commentsPMah
Cr 345/1 AR Denarius Cn. Lentulus Clodianus6 views88 b.c.e. 3.80 gm; 18.50 mm
o: Helmeted bust of Mars, seen from behind, head right
r: Victory in biga right; in exergue, CN. LENTVL
A very typical presentation of "head and horses".... except that view is slightly over the should of Mars. This view, which I have flagged on other coins, is not common. Question: Why, and why did this view end
Cr 345/2 AR Quinarius Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Clodianus 11 viewso: Laureate head of Jupiter right
r: Victory standing right, crowning trophy with laurel-wreath
Cr. 345/2. Cornelia 51 (g. 2.12 mm. 13.00)
Nice weight for a quinarius
Say what you will about the Cornelii, but they managed to mint a tremendous number of types. I think more than any other gens. Marcii and Calpurnii are distant 2nds, I think.
Cr 348/1 AR Denarius L. Rubrius Dossenus6 views3.26 gms 19.00 mm

o: Laureate head of Jupiter right, sceptre over shoulder, DOSSEN behind
r: Triumphal quadriga rt decorated with thunderbolt, Victory above; RVBRI in ex.
Jupiter's thunderbolt, in the Roman style, is remarkably clear on this otherwise weak reverse strike. The nice centering helps.
Cr 348/4 L. Rubrius Dossenus Quinarius12 viewso: Head of Neptune right, DOSSEN & trident behind
r: Victory walking right, [serpent entwined around altar before], L RVBRI behind
This type has an ambitious design for the quinarius -- Neptune's head is detailed and intense; Victory is rather robust, half-draped, with gigantic wings and flamboyant fronds, approaching a post-altar that has busy design as well.
2.00 gms; 14.00 mm

Cr 350/3e AE As Vergilius / Gargilius / Ogulnius 12 viewsc. 86 BC, AE As of moneyers Vergilius, Gargilius & Ogulnius 26 mm, 11.86 grams.
O: Laureate bust of Janus.
R: GAR.OGVL.VER above prow l.
Crawford 350/3e
Ex. RBW Collection
Cr 350A/2 "Gargilius, Ogulnius & Vergilius"9 views86 BCE
o: Laureate head of Apollo (Vejovis?) right, thunderbolt below
r: Jupiter in quadriga right, hurling thunderbolt and holding reins
Crawford 350A/2. RSC Anonymous 226.
3.84gg. (4h)
My view is this: Although in many respects this coin is boring and cold, it has an interesting virtue of being anepigraphic in an era of relative verbosity. The obverse is sometimes attributed as "Vejovis" and sometimes as "Apollo Vejovis" and sometimes just "Apollo". Vejovis seems to have been one of the most ancient gods, among the group that the Romans themselves often got confused as to origin-story and attributes. The fragmented sources do not make it much better and his odd name implying something like "un-Jupiter" is no help. (The anti-Jupiter implication --- darkest, weakest, least interested in nymphs -- being somewhat also at odds with the frequent association with Apollo.) Given the relative infrequency of Vejovis on coins, this ambiguity seems to extend to moneyers.
On the other hand, there is no equivalent Roman practice of the modern minting practice of issuing coins in a series simply to sell coins as "collect them all", so we can presume the moneyers expected a meaningful message to be conveyed.
This coin is much better in hand than the photo.
Cr 350B/1 AE Semis Anonymous6 views86 b.c.e. 5.89 gms 21.50 mm
o: Laureate head of Saturn right; behind, S
r: ROMA. Prow left; before, S.
Prow - left are always scarcer than Prow- right.
Although this coin's best days are behind it, the reverse still shows considerable detailing at the water-line, the rostrum, and on the main-deck. The superstructure seems to have been neglected. nicer color than photo.
Cr 350B/3d AE Quadrans Anonymous 10 viewsc. 100 - 80 B.C. Bronze quadrans (Rome mint, 86 B.C.E.?)(2.082g, 16.1mm, die axis 90o) ;
O: head of Hercules right clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind
R: prow of galley right, ROMA (MA ligate) above, three pellets right(?), head of Venus decorating top of acrostolium(?)
cf. Crawford 350B/3d (possibly unofficial copy)
ex RBW Collection
Cr 352/1 AR Denarius L. Iulius Bursio6 views85 bce; 3.83 gms; 20.50 mm
o: Male head right, with attributes of Apollo (youthful head), Mercury (winged headress) and Neptune (trident); behind, rudder.
r: Victory in quadriga right; above, numeral [xv??]; in exergue, L. IVLI. BVRSIO
This is an odd type, combining attributes of three gods on the obverse with an extremely mundane reverse. The rudder die mark is fairly rare, and I have not seen another published example. Any Republican type with a wide variety of die marks and numbers will end up representlng a large issue. I will update this posting soon, when I retrieve my Crawford set.
This coin, despite the deposits, is in excellent condition.
Cr 352/1b AR Denarius L. Julius Bursio21 viewsRome, 85 BCE
o: Laureate, winged, and draped bust of Apollo Vejovis right; to left, trident above bow
r: Victory driving galloping quadriga right, holding reins and wreath; EX A P in ex.
Sydenham 729; Julia 6; Type as RBW 1348
(18.5mm, 4.04 g, 10h)
From the Andrew McCabe Collection.

I have noted some of my other coins whose types bear a variation on the indication of "from the Public Silver", usually interpreted to mean an issue that required a supplementary grant of authority from the Senate outside the normal annual authorization, as all of the coining metal was "public", including the precious metals from time to time appropriated from the temples of the state religion.

Since this coin is ex McCabe, I will quote his notes on the relative rarity of this type directly:
"The British Museum collection has 115 examples of RRC 352/1a or 352/1c with moneyers name L. IVLI BVRSIO, but just 4 examples with EX A. P. Crawford in RRC, p. 605, says that this issue was struck from money left to the Roman people by Ptolemy Alexander I of Egypt, which probably arrived at Rome in 86 BC. Given the rarity of the EX A. P. issue, perhaps the bequest was modest! "
As with the other 3 coins posted in this group, the coin is much better in hand, although the photos of the silver coins are clearer than the bronze.
1 commentsPMah
Cr 354/1 AR Denarius C. Licinius L.f. Macer 27 views84 BC. (20mm, 3.60 g, 6h). Rome mint.
Diademed bust of Vejovis left, drapery on left shoulder, hurling thunderbolt
Minerva, holding spear, shield, and reins, driving galloping quadriga right, [C] LICINIVS [L F] MACER in ex

Crawford 354/1; Sydenham 732; Licinia 16; RBW 1355
1 commentsPMah
Cr 364/1b AR Denarius Serratus Q. Antonius Balbus 11 viewsRome, 82 BCE (3.71g, 20mm, 11h)
o: Laureate head of Jupiter right; SC behind, O below
r: Victory driving quadriga right, holding reins, wreath, and palm frond; QANTOBALB PR in two lines in ex
Crawford 364/1b. Antonia 1a
Banker's mark near chin obverse
Striking as Praetor, he was a Marian who was slain after the Sullan victory.
Cr 366/4 AR Denarius C. Annius 10 viewsNorth-Italy and Spain 82-81 BCE
(18mm., 3.63g.)
o: CANNIVSTFTN PROCOSEXSC Diademed and draped female bust
r: Victory in quadriga r., holding reins and palm branch; above horses, XXXXVI and below, Q. In exergue, CTARQVITIPF.
Annia 1; Crawford 366/4
An unusual issue as proconsul; also, bankers seemed to be somewhat dubious of this coin given all the marks.

Banker's marks on obv. and rev.,
Cr 366/4 AR Denarius C. Annius Cr 366/414 viewsC. Annius. Denarius North-Italy and Spain 82-81, AR 18mm., 3.63g.
CANNIVSTFTN PROCOSEXSC Diademed and draped female bust r.
Rev. Victory in quadriga r., holding reins and palm branch; above horses, XXXXVI and below, Q. In exergue, CTARQVITIPF. Babelon Annia 1. Sydenham 749. Crawford 366/4.
Banker's marks on obv. and rev.,
Cr 379/2 AR Denarius L. Procilius 7 views80 BCE
o: Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat's skin; SC behind
r: Juno Sospita in biga right, hurling spear and holding shield; serpent below, L PROCILI F in ex.
Crawford 379/2; RSC Procilia 2
Serrate Denarius
3.92g. (8h).
Cr 380/1 AR Denarius C. POBLICIUS Q.F.8 views80 b.c.e. 3.8 gm.; 18 mm.
o: ROMA. Helmeted and draped bust of Roma right; F above.
r: C POBLICI Q F. Hercules standing left, wrestling the Nemean Lion; club below, quiver with bow and arrows to left, F above.
I. for one, feel that the Nemean Lion got a raw deal. Apart from having a demi-god out to get him, his skin became Hercules's "look". But Hercules was so...dense that he needed Athena to explain how to skin the poor lion -- which, in the typical way, makes the protagonist seem like a dim-wit. If you need a top-notch goddess to help you, then perhaps your accomplishment is at least 2nd rate.
A few elements of the inscription are weak, but the banker's marks are strong lettering. The serration looks entirely original to me.
Cr 382/1a AR Denarius C. Naevius Balbus14 views79 BCE Denarius Serratus (18 mm, 3.65 g, 6 h), Rome.
o: S C Diademed head of Venus right; before, E
r: C.NAE.BALB Victory driving galloping triga right, holding reins
Crawford 382/1a. Sydenham 769
Much nicer in hand; toned.
Cr 383/1 AR Denarius Ti. Claudius Ti. f. Ap. n. Nero7 views Rome, 79 BCE
o: Draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver on shoulder; before chin, SC
r: Victory in prancing biga right, holding palm-branch and reins in left hand and wreath in right; below horses, A. XXII. In exergue, TI. CLAVD. TI. F/AP. N. [ligate AV]
3.95 gms 19.00 mm
This series uses one-die control numerals, slightly fewer with the "A" prefix as in this example than without the prefix. Although this example has a rather worn obverse, the reverse is somewhat sharper, with crisp leaves on the palm frond, and is well-centered for the type.

The "S.C." tells us that this issue is perhaps a supplemental issue, although the specific reason is not immediately apparent. Ti. Claudius Ti. f. Ap. n. Nero was likely the great-grandfather of Emperor Claudius, grandfather of Emperor Tiberius, and so up the chain of Claudii, and may have been the fellow who opposed Cicero's immediate execution of the Catalinarian conspirators on the somewhat reasonable grounds that perhaps the facts should be uncovered first. My un-posted gallery of my Julio-Claudian collection will eventually include some coins associated with these ancestors as well.
Cr 383/1 AR Denarius Ti. Claudius Ti. f. Ap. n. Nero 13 views79 BCE
o: Draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver on shoulder; before chin, SC
r: Victory in prancing biga right, palm-branch and reins in left hand and wreath in right; below horses, LXI. In exergue, TI. CLAVD. TI. F/AP. N.
Cr. 383/1 (g. 4.20 mm. 18.50) -- relatively heavy for type
Cr 383/1 AR Denarius Ti. Claudius Ti.f.Ap.n.Nero12 viewso: Bust of Diana r., bow and quiver over shoulder, S C before
r: Victory in biga r., CXXXXV below; TI CLAVD TI F / AP N in ex
This type is one of the issues that have a large number of control numbers on both obverse and reverse dies, and per Crawford, each control-mark has only one die. Thus, each of them was struck from only a single reverse die. These types are quite useful for numismatic statistical analysis.
This particular coin I find to be enjoyable because Diana's quiver clearly has a cover on it. In modern times, archery quivers are open-topped sort of things, mostly for carrying the arrows from the garage to the back-yard range. In ancient times, and all times when arrows were weapons or tools, it was extremely important to keep the "fletches"/feathers/vanes protected, and to keep the shaft dry and point protected.
Cr 386/1 AR Denarius L. Cassius Q. f. Longinus 30 viewsRome, 78 BCE
o: Head of Liber (or Bacchus) right, wearing ivy wreath; thyrsus over shoulder
r: Head of Liber left, wearing vine wreath; LCASSIQF behind
Crawford 386/1; RSC Cassia 6.
(3.88g, 14mm, 9h)
An unusual type, with heads on both sides there is some dispute as to the identity of the images. If both are manifestations of Bacchus, then this moneyer apparently really liked to have a good time and wanted his future constituents to know it.
2 commentsPMah
Cr 387/1 AR Denarius L. Rutilius Flaccus0 viewsRome mint, circa 77 b.c.e.
FLAC Helmeted head of Roma r.
Victory in fast-moving biga r., holding reins and wreath; in ex, LRVTILI
Rutilia 1

A decent strike suffering from a crowded reverse. Speaking of the reverse, this moneyer, who was a bit of a non-entity, used a generic reverse during a period when his predecessors and successors came up with unique design concepts (or, at least, had good decorators). Compare Crawford 370 through 400 types to this one, and most win, hands-down. Perhaps I am influenced by negative association in American English of the word "Flack" to connote a shameless publicity agent, and any other association is even less of an endorsement.
Cr 389/1 AR Denarius L. Rustius29 views74 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Minerva or Mars right, SC behind, star (value mark) below chin
r: Ram standing right, L RVSTI in ex
Crawford 389/1. Rustia 1
3.86g. (5h)
2 commentsPMah
Cr 390/1 AR Denarius L. Lucretius Trio 43 viewsRome, 74 BCE
o: Radiate head of Sol right
r: Crescent moon surrounded by seven stars; TRIO above, LLVCRETI below
Crawford 390/1; Lucretia 2.
(3.85g, 16mm, 12h)
4 commentsPMah
Cr 391/1b AR Denarius C. Egnatius Cn. F. Cn. N. Maxsumus5 views AR Serrate Denarius. Rome, 75 BC. 3.60gm, 19mm, 8h.
o: Diademed and draped bust of Venus, right, with Cupid perched on shoulder; IIII below
r: Libertas in biga left, crowned by flying Victory; behind, pileus; CEGNATIVSCNF CNN in exergue
This moneyer is postulated by Crawford to be among the populares and referenced by Cicero, Ad Atticum, although I have not yet matched the cite; if so, he presumably gained in importance without leaving a clear record among the top magistracies. The type has one die per control number among a total of 8, this one being IIII, and so is scarcer.
This coin is not a beauty, but is reasonably well-centered for the type and retains serrations.
Cr 392/1b AR Denarius L. Farsuleius Mensor6 views76 BCE
o: Draped bust of Liberty right wearing stephane and pearl necklace, cap of liberty and SC behind, MENSOR before
r: Roma or male warrior in biga right, assisting togate figure to mount, control number XXCIX below horses, L FARSVLEI in ex
Crawford 392/1b; Farsuleia 2.
3.92gg. (4h)
Each control numeral in this issue appears on only one reverse die
This coin is in splendid condition for the type and nicely struck
Cr 393/1a AR Denarius Cn. Lentulus8 views76 or 75 BCE
o: Diademed bust of the Genius of the Roman People right, scepter over shoulder, GPR above
r: Scepter with wreath, globe, and rudder, EX - SC across field, CN LEN Q below
(Spanish mint?)

Crawford 393/1a; Cornelia 54
3.97gg. (5h).
Cr 393/1b AR Denarius Cn. Cornelius Lentulus9 viewsSpain (?) 76-75 BCE 3.62gm. 17 mm.
o: Draped bust of the Genius Populi Romani r., hair tied with band and sceptre over shoulder; above, [GPR]
r: Sceptre with wreath, globe and rudder; EX SC. Below, [LE]NT [monogram NT] CVR * FL.
Cornelia 55; Sydenham 752a; Crawford 393/1b.
This nice and beautifully toned but not spectacular example of this type illustrates a few of the conundrums that come with it. One is the use of the office title on the reverse, Curator [* = for Denarii] Flandorum, which is uncommon even though, theoretically, the vast majority of the moneyers held a variation on that title -- especially the majority who did not strike Bronze and certainly not Gold. Another, the very tight flan, which cuts off the almost certain "LE" on rev. and part of the L -- tight flans are common, but the main elements of the obverse and reverse design are mostly present, so this flan/blank could be the runt of the mint, although it is a full 17 MM. The "Genius" head could be any lesser male diety, so the loss of the GPR is unfortunate. From Lentulus's perspective, of course, the key element of his full name was obscured. Good thing that there was almost always a Cornelius on the ballot, so, as is known, he moved ahead. The Spanish mint attribution is based in part on the "1a" type, which has "Q" for Quaestor instead of "Curator...", suggesting a non-standard appointment. Andrew McCabe illustrates a nice "1a".
Cr 401/1 AR Denarius Mn. Aquillius Mn.f. Mn.n34 viewso: VIRTVS - III VIR Helmeted and draped bust of Virtus to right, with large head
r:MN F MN N / MN AQVIL / SICIL. Mn. Aquilius (Cos. 101) raising fallen Sicily
65 BCE Denarius Serratus (19 mm, 3.82 g, 6 h), Rome.
Babelon (Aquilia) 2. Crawford 401/1. Sydenham 798. Toned and struck on a broad flan.
This coin is somewhat unintentionally ironic. The moneyer's honored grandfather was accused of fleecing the people of Sicily, when he was governor of the province after the slave revolts. He later managed to antagonize Mithridates VI of Pontus, leading to widespread slaughter of Romans in Asia.
As Wikipedia summarizes the aftermath: "Mithridates defeated Aquillius in 88 near Protostachium. Aquillius was attempting to make his way back to Italy and managed to make it to Lesbos, where he was delivered to Mithridates by the inhabitants of Mytilene. After being taken to the mainland, he was then placed on a donkey and paraded back to Pergamon. On the trip, he was forced to confess his supposed crimes against the peoples of Anatolia. Aquillius's father, the elder Manius Aquillius, was a former Roman governor of Pergamon and was hated for the egregious taxes that he imposed. It was generally thought that Manius Aquillius the younger would follow in the footsteps of his father as a tax profiteer and was hated by some of the local peoples."
Grandpa was thereafter killed by Mithridates by having molten gold poured down his throat.
2 commentsPMah
Cr 405/2 AR Denarius M. Plaetorius Cestianus7 viewsM. Plaetorius M. f. Cestianus
Rome mint c. 69 BCE
Draped female bust r. (Fortuna?); behind, [control symbol]
M PLAETORI CEST SC around half-length boy? girl? facing on tablet inscribed SORS.
20mm, 3.49 gm
Plaetoria 10

A fascinating type among this varied issue with four main types of denarii. There are multiple theories as to the unique figure on the reverse, clearly a reference to divination by lots "SORS", but no agreement as to exactly what it signifies. Even on nicely preserved specimens, of which there are not many, the gender of the reverse figure is difficult to say. Crawford cites reason to think it refers to the origin of the moneyer's adoptive gens, expanded greatly by Michael Harlan. To me, given that the moneyership is an electoral stepping-stone, it seems a rather obscure reference; although the "S C" indicates a special issue perhaps unconnected with regular duties. Crawford notes that Cestianus became Praetor c. 64 BCE, so perhaps he was right to trust in luck.
This type is deemed rare and this specimen's condition is not unusual for the type.
1 commentsPMah
Cr 407/2 AR Denarius C. Hosidius C.f. Geta9 views64 BCE
o: Diademed abd draped bust of Diana right with bow and quiver at shoulder, GETA before, III VIR behind
r: Calydonian Boar standing right, wounded by spear and attacked by dog, C HOSIDI [C F] in ex
Crawford 407/2; Hosidia 1.
3.52g. (6h)
A beautiful coin depicting a very narrow aspect of the Calydonian Boar myth. Oddly, the hero of the story is a strong woman, which must have been well known to the Romans, and the losers are a bunch of chest-thumping pseudo-Alpha-males.
Interesting to speculate what lesson the Romans drew from the story or the limited focus of this coin.
Cr 412/1 AR Denarius Serratus L. Roscius Fabatus 30 viewsRome, 64 BCE
o: Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat-skin headdress; pileus of the Dioscuri surmounted by star behind, LROSCI below
r: Female standing right facing serpent; [control mark in left field], FABATI in ex
Crawford 412/1; Roscia 3
(3.82g, 19mm, 4h) bankers marks
I should add that I am rather fond or appreciative of bankers' marks. They show the extremely practical nature of any ancient transaction. Imagine if even a small portion of our transactions had to undergo human scrutiny at the level of negating the value of the transaction for every participant, plus the prior and succeeding transactions!
1 commentsPMah
Cr 413/1 AR Denarius L. Cassius Longinus10 views63 BCE
o: Bust of Vesta left, kylix behind, backwards S before
r: Citizen dropping tablet inscribed V into cista, LONGIN III V behind.
Crawford 413/1; Cassia 10.
3.85g. (7h)
The backwards S on obverse is a control mark, which collectively spell out Cassius' name across this type.
The reverse harkens back to an ancestor's voting law, where the "V" -- clearly visible on this nice coin -- indicated a positive vote. It is somewhat uncertain whether the money simply honored the presumably popular aspect of the law, which extended secrecy in voting, or also included the ancestor's role in prosecution of Vestal Virgins, as implied by the image of Vesta on the obverse. Apparently three Vestals were accused of being quite naughty for a Vestal, an extremely unhealthy thing to do, both individually and for the Roman state.
Cr 415/1 AR Denarius L. Aemilius Lepidus Paullus10 views62 BCE Rome mint
o: Veiled and diademed head of Concord right, PAVLLVS LEPIDVS- CONCORDIA around
r: L. Aemilius Paullus erecting trophy before three captives, PAVLLVS in ex., TE - R above
Crawford 415/1; Aemilia 10
3.99gg. (6h).
The reverse depicts King Perseus of Macedon and his sons, the non-winners at Paullus' victory at Pydna in 168 BCE, which ended the Macedonian dynasty and was not particularly healthy for the enslaved and looted cities, either.
The moneyer was likely engaged in a bit of counter-adoption, as the great general's agnate family technically died out upon his death.
Cr 421/1 AR Denarius M. Nonius Sufenas21 viewscirca 57- 59 b.c.e., 17.5mm., 3.97gms.
o: SVFENAS SC Head of Saturn r.; in l. field, harpa and conical stone
r: PRLVPF Roma seated l. on pile of arms, holding sceptre and sword, crowned by Victory standing behind her; in exergue, SEXNONI. Nonia 1.
The reverse inscription expands as : PR[aetor] L[vdos] V[ictoriae] P[rimus] F[ecit]. Interesting back-story crammed into a busy reverse. The moneyer's father (or grandfather) while Praetor, was the First to "Make" the Games of Victory [of Sulla]. The son's willingness to advertise this on his coins was rather aggressive, considering Sulla's reputation was rapidly declining and his father was a mere partisan despite sponsoring one round of games, and he himself no more popular even though he became praetor, somewhat underlined by this being the first and only "Nonia" issue. Presumably he had faith in Pompey, who was the most enduring and successful of the Sullan partisans and seen as the senior in the power-sharing "First Triumvirate". This bet seemingly did not work out well, but the specifics are not available.
3 commentsPMah
Cr 433/2 AR Denarius M. Junius Brutus25 viewsAR Denarius 54 bce Rome 4.09 gm 17.5 mm
o: BRVTVS, downwards behind head of L. Iunius Brutus r, border of dots
r: AHALA, downwards behind head of C. Servilius Ahala r, border of dots
Junia 30; Servilia 17; Sydenham 932

This type has always puzzled me. It clearly depicts the two anti-tyrants in the Junia family tree, L. Junius Brutus and C. Servilius Ahala. (Crawford uses the phrase "tyrannicides", but Brutus did not kill Tarquin and Ahala seems to have sucker-stabbed Maelius in anger.) Young Brutus, or whatever his name was when he was a moneyer, clearly chose to put them on his coins at the time when Pompey's prominence in the state was at its peak; Caesar was in Gaul or Britain, and could not help him. This decision as to coinage, therefore, seems to me extremely unhealthy. Roughly the same number of dies have been identified for both of Brutus's moneyer issues, so it is unlikely that this type is an indiscretion that was quickly withdrawn. So, was Brutus being played or deployed by Pompey against Caesar? Pompey was ostentatiously NOT claiming the dictatorship, so why "warn" him, especially when a "warning" from a 30-ish year old aspiring politician who maybe had held a staff officer's post would not likely impress Pompey, "the teenage butcher"? Worth, I think, exploring a bit.
2 commentsPMah
Cr 440/1 AR Denarius Q. Sicinius 11 viewsQ. Sicinius. 49 BCE (17mm., 3.83g.
o: FORT PR Diademed head of Fortuna Populi Romani r.
r: Palm branch tied with fillet and winged caduceus in saltire; above, wreath. On either side, III VIR and below, QSICINIVS

Sicinia 5. Sydenham 938. Sear Imperators 1. RBW 1555. Crawford 440/1.
Cr 448/1a AR Denarius L. Hostilius Saserna 25 viewsRome, 48 BCE
o: Female head right, wearing laurel wreath
r: Victory walking right, holding trophy over left shoulder and caduceus in right hand; LHOSTILIVS downwards before, SASERNA upwards behind. Crawford 448/1a; RSC Hostilia 5.
3.90g, 18mm, 10h.
1 commentsPMah
Cr 448/1a AR Denarius L. Hostilius Saserna 11 viewsL. Hostilius Saserna 48 BCE (18mm., 3.67g.)
o: Female head r. (Pietas?), wearing oak wreath
r: LHOSTILIVS SASERNA Victory advancing r., holding caduceus and palm branch
Crawford 448/1a
Cr 453/1a AR Denarius L. Plautius Plancus 13 views47 BCE
o: Facing head of Medusa with coiled snake on either side; below, L. PLAVTIVS
r: Aurora flying right, head facing slightly left, holding palm branch and reins in each hand and conducing four horses of the Sun; below, PLANCVS Cr. 453/1a. Plautia 15
(g. 3.82 mm. 18.50)
Several very nice specimens on these galleries, see JayT4 and Carausius for example.
Reasonable minds can differ, slightly, but this reverse is possibly the most artistic of the Republican series. This coin is decent, but some examples are breathtaking. Obviously, an infusion of Greek engravers that year. Perhaps from Alexandria or the aftermath of Pharsalus (speculating a bit here).
Cr 463/3 AR Denarius Mn. Cordius Rufus10 views46 BCE
o: Head of Venus right, RVFVS SC behind
r: Cupid on dolphin right; below, MN [ligate] CORDIVS
Crawford 463/3; Cordia 3
3.70g. (2h)

Although this coin is a nice specimen, and the type is very popular, I find it hard to get excited about this issue.
Cordius was presumably a Caesarian minting between the battles of Pharsalus and Munda. The times were rather grim, both for the huge armies and the populace on which they were billeted. Cordius does not seem to be a significant personage.

The coin seems remarkably light-hearted and that seemingly drives its popularity in modern collecting -- "hey, it's a kid on a dolphin, what's not to like?"

It may reflect payment to troops crossing to (or leaving) Africa under the benevolent gaze of Caesar's ancestor Venus and her son Cupid (whose father is Mars). Given that the first part of the Caesarian army was scattered by storms, perhaps these coins were intended to reassure the follow-up troops that they would not end up scattered to the winds and eaten by lions, tigers and bears. Venus also looks vaguely like some of the later coin portraits of Caesar (or Eleanor Roosevelt).
Cr 467/1 AR Denarius J. Caesar22 viewso: COS.TERT.DICT.ITER. Head of Ceres right
r: AVGVR above, PONT.MAX. below. Simpulum, sprinkler, capis and lituus; M in right field
Minted in Africa, c 46 b.c.
3.37 gms; 19.00 mm
This coin is not a beauty and may have been a pendant at some point. Yet it is one of those intensely historical coins, minted on either side of the Battle of Thapsus, which ended the old Republican resistance to Julius Caesar. This type, with "M" ligate in reverse field right, has been said to indicate "Munus" (gift in the sense of obligation); the other variation has "D", presumably "Donativum" (gift in the sense of "here you go, poorer person"). I personally find the distinction between M and D somewhat odd and perhaps there was a more sophisticated distinction being made. As the marks appear on coins of equal value, it seems a very obscure way of distinguishing among soldiers and mere beneficiaries.
1 commentsPMah
Cr 479/1 As Sextus Pompey 9 views 42-38 B.C.E. (29 mm, 15.92 g, 1 h). Uncertain Sicilian mint.
o: [M]AGN above, laureate head of Janus, with features resembling Pompey the Great
r: PIVS above, IMP in exergue, prow of galley right.

Crawford 479/1; HCRI 336; Sydenham 1044; RPC 671.
Cr 479/1 As Sextus Pompey 15 views42-38 BC. As (30mm, 26.45 g, 12h). Uncertain Sicilian mint.
o: Laureate head of Janus with the features of Pompey the Great, MAGN above
r: Prow of quinquereme right, [PI]VS above, IMP below
Crawford 479/1; CRI 336; Sydenham 1044; RPC I 671.
Cr 489/6 AR Quinarius M. Antonius6 viewsQuinarius, Lugdunum ? 42 BCE 1.78 gm
o: [IIIVIR] RPC around head of Victory (with features of Fulvia?)
r: [A]NTONI Lion walking r.; at sides, [A] XL[I]. In exergue, IMP.
Usually said to be Antony's third wife, Fulvia and as giving his age of 41. The idea that the portrait is Fulvia is a bit of a stretch, and Crawford does not mention or attribute it as such in RRC. Nor is "Victoria" obvious, as the wings, if that is what is visible in FDC examples, are tiny even compared to full statuette forms. In every example I have seen, the portrait is poorly-executed and hardly a tribute to either Victory or Fulvia herself. Fulvia seems to have been a formidable person, and so the non-standard style would be perhaps consistent, but the uninspired portrait would then have been a significant failure.
The attribution of Antony's age as "41", which certainly fits some chronologies, nonetheless does not have a better explanation than that it seems that Julius Caesar put his age at "52" on a coin. There is debate about the dating and meaning of such age references, but, from my perspective, neither age matters as an absolute number -- both Antony and particularly Caesar had already legally been through the cursus, including Consul. Antony was Consul for 44 BCE. (Otherwise, as to Antony, we would have heard from Cicero at excruciating length.) Perhaps these are "birthday" issues, but a sad, lonely and pathetic birthday it would reflect. Antony's later coins with Octavia are more persuasive.
Antonia 32. Sydenham 1163. Sear Imperators 126.
Cr 494/23 AR Denarius P. Clodius M.f. Turrinus 15 viewsRome, 42 BCE
o: Laureate head of Apollo right; lyre behind
r: Diana standing facing, head right, with bow and quiver over shoulder, holding lighted torch in each hand; PCLODIVS downwards to right, MF downwards to left.
Crawford 494/23; Claudia 15.
(3.81g, 17mm, 3h)
Note: Lyre is NOT a die symbol
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