Classical Numismatics Discussion Members' Gallery
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register.

Members' Gallery Home | Member Collections | Last Added | Last Comments | Most Viewed | Top Rated | My Favorities | Search Galleries
Home > Members' Coin Collection Galleries > PMah > Roman Republic -- Struck

TITLE  +   - 
FILE NAME  +   - 
DATE  +   - 
POSITION  +   - 
513ForumNaso.jpg
AE 214 views Bronze AE 21, c. 241 - 50 BCE Panormus (Palermo) mint, (4.595g, maximum diameter 20.9mm, die axis 315o)
magistrate (L. Axius?) Naso
o: laureate head of Zeus left
r: warrior standing left, sword in extended right, spear vertical behind in left, grounded shield behind leaning on spear, NAS/O left
very rare magistrate

per Forum notes: NASO named on this coin could be Lucius Axius L. f. Naso, who was a moneyer in Rome, c. 73 - 70 B.C. Two inscriptions discovered at Cordoba dedicated to a Lucio Axio Luci filio Polia tribu Nasoni, indicate his honors. He was first decemvir stlitibus iudicandis, then tribunus militum pro legato, then quaestor. Or, this NASO could be completely unrelated.
Calciati I p. 351, 125 (one specimen); HGC 2 1071 (C)
PURCHASED FROM FORUM ANCIENT COINS
PMah
182DSGLitraCr17.jpg
Cr 17/1a AE Litra Anonymous8 viewsc 275-269 BCE, anonymous bronze Litra
(18 mm, 5.03 gr.)
o: ROMANO, Minerva head l.; behind, star
r: Horse's head right, [ROMANO] behind
Reference: Crawford 17/1a
Ex. RBW collection
Ok, this one needs a better photo.
PMah
578AA138Comb.jpg
Cr 18/5 Cast Sextans7 viewsApollo/Apollo series. 275-270 BC.
Obv. Head of Dioscurus right; behind, two pellets.
Rev. Head of Dioscurus left; behind, two pellets.
Vecchi ICC 37; Haeberlin pl. 36
Not a beauty, and not struck, so will be moved to my Cast gallery in 2019.
PMah
197DHlitraCr25.jpg
Cr 25/3 AE Litra Anonymous25 viewsc 241-235 BCE Anonymous bronze Litra
16 mm, 3.07 grams
o: Head of Mars, right, beardless, wearing Corinthian helmet
r: ROMA below Horse head, right, with bridle; behind, sickle
Crawford 25/3
Ex. RBW collection
2 commentsPMah
471ArteCombo.png
Cr 28/3 AR Quadrigatus Anonymous 6 viewsDebased Quadrigatus, 225-215 BCE
o: Laureate head of Janus
r: Jupiter in quadriga driven by Victory right; below, ROMA in relief in linear frame.
Cr. 28/3. Syd. 68.
(g. 5.36 mm. 20.00)
Debased war issue, probably quite debased as there is almost a brasssy tone to the silver.
PMah
Naville447.jpg
Cr 38/7 AE Semuncia Anonymous 10 viewsc. 217-215 BCE (19.5mm., 6.09g)
o: Head of Mercury r., wearing winged petasus
r: ROMA Prow r.
Sydenham 87. RBW 101. Crawford 38/7.
PMah
518savoca202.jpg
Cr 38/7 AE Semuncia Anonymous 6 views circa 217-215 BCE. Rome (19mm., 7,43g.)
o: Head of Mercury right, wearing winged petasos
r: Prow right, ROMA above
Crawford 38/7; RBW 100.
PMah
Roma451.jpg
Cr 44/6 AR Quinarius Anonymous 8 viewsAfter 211 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right (small, normal nose), V behind head
r: The Dioscuri riding right, stars above, ROMA in linear frame below
Crawford 44/6
PMah
580AA151combo.png
Cr 44/7 AR Sestertius Anonymous21 viewsO: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, IIS [= 2 and Semi]
R: The Dioscuri galloping right; below, ROMA in linear frame
0.81 gms; 13.50 mm
Broad flan, toned

A bit light, but achieving a consistent weight in casting flans was one of the challenges with this small coin at a time when the silver weight was still a critical component of acceptance.

Although the quarter-denarius seems like it should have been a very handy coin, saving the need to carry two large As and the Semis, the silver sestertius was minted only sporadically and then was discontinued. Accordingly, they are relatively rare, and I have to say this one is very nice.
2 commentsPMah
as_prow_anchor.jpg
Cr 50/3 As Anonymous [anchor] 12 viewsc. 209-208 BCE
o: Laureate head of Janus, I above
r: Prow to r.; Anchor before; I above; ROMA in ex.
(34 mm, 33.91 grams)
Crawford 50/3
weighty coin
ex RBW
PMah
278AgVictoriatusCr53.jpg
Cr 53/1 AR Victoriatus Anonymous9 viewsAfter 211 BCE
(17.38 mm, 2.93 g, 1 h). Rome mint
o: Laureate head of Jupiter right
r: ROMA, Victory standing right, crowning trophy
Crawford 53/1; RSC 9
PMah
277AgVictoriatusCr53.jpg
Cr 53/1 AR Victoriatus Anonymous7 viewsAfter 211 BCE
(16.7 mm, 2.80 g, 7 h). Rome mint
o: Laureate head of Jupiter right
r: ROMA, Victory standing right, crowning trophy
Crawford 53/1; RSC 9
Another variation on this type, emphasizing other details on reverse

PMah
500Bert363.jpg
Cr 53/1 AR Victoriatus Anonymous 29 viewsafter 211 BC. AR Victoriatus (17mm, 3.14g, 11h) Rome mint
O: Laureate head of Jupiter r.
R: Victory standing r., crowning trophy
Crawford 53/1; RBW 191; RSC 9
[my opinion: Although Victoriati can be seen as excruciatingly repetitive, with good reason, the obverse of this coin shows considerable artistry in execution.]
3 commentsPMah
279AgAnonCr56.jpg
Cr 56/2 AE As Anonymous10 viewsAfter 211 BCE
(32.57 mm, 42.11 g, 5 h). Uncial standard. Rome mint
o: Laureate head of bearded Janus; I above
r: ROMA, prow of galley right; I above
Crawford 56/2; Sydenham 143.

No great beauty, but one accumulates Cr 56 series. Any more specific attribution assistance would be appreciated.
PMah
Naville452.jpg
Cr 56/2 As Anonymous (Spanish)7 viewsSpanish imitative cast circa 100 BCE (29.5mm., 20.84g)
o: Laureate head of Janus; above, mark of value
r: Prow r.; above, mark of value and value mark before below, ROMA
Crawford 56/2.
In retrospect, why would anyone imitate the ubiquitous "Cr 56/2"? This is a cast contemporary copy, likely from Spain
PMah
amphora_semis_6-8-17.jpg
Cr 56/3 AE Semis Anonymous 7 viewsc. 211 BCE 25.7 mm, 12.54 grams.
o: Saturn head laureate r
r: Prow r, ROMA below, S above
Crawford 56/3.
Ex. RBW collection
Coin nicer than this photo, but I am trying to round out the Cr. 56 types.
PMah
187_agora.png
Cr 56/4 Triens Anonymous 4 viewsafter 211 B.C.E. (25.8 mm, 10.73 g, 4 h). Sardinia mint.
o: Helmeted head of Mercury right, four pellets above
r: ROMA, prow of galley right; four pellets below. Crawford 56/4
Ex RBW collection
This coin is a bit rough but I thought I should put up at least one of each denomination of Anonymous Crawford 56 types.
PMah
amphora_quadrans_hercules_6-8-17.jpg
Cr 56/5 AE Quadrans Anonymous 8 viewsc. 211 BCE (20.4 mm, 6.04 grams)
o: Helmeted head of Hercules right, 3 dots behind
r: ROMA - Prow to right, 3 dots behind
Crawford 56/5.
Overstruck, possibly Hieron II of Sicily with Zeus/Trident
Ex. RBW
1 commentsPMah
472ArteCombo.png
Cr 56/5 Quadrans Anonymous 5 viewsAnonymous Sextantal series. After 211 BCE.
o: Head of Hercules right; behind, three pellets
r: Prow right; above, ROMA; below, three pellets.
Cr. 56/5. (g. 5.83 mm. 20.00)
Nice earthen olive-green patina
PMah
199DHSextansCr56.jpg
Cr 56/6 AE Sextans Anonymous7 viewsc. 211 BCE, bronze sextans
16.5 mm, 3.28 grams.
o: Mercury head right, 2 pellets.
r: Prow r, ROMA above, 2 pellets below
Crawford 56/6; [further specification TBD]
Ex. RBW collection
A decent specimen of this common coin.
PMah
Green1sextans.png
Cr 56/6 AE Sextans Anonymous 6 viewsc. 211 BC, bronze sextans 16.5 mm, 3.28 grams
O: Mercury head right, 2 pellets.
R: ROMA, 2 pellets, prow r.
Crawford 56/6.
Ex. RBW Collection
PMah
CNG_unica_lot_415_8-17.jpg
Cr 56/7 Uncia Anonymous 9 viewsAfter 211 BCE. (18mm, 5.38 g, 10h). Rome mint.
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; (mark of value) behind
r: Prow of galley right; (mark of value) below.
Crawford 56/7; Sydenham 143e
PMah
203DHSemisCaduceus.jpg
Cr 60/6 AE Sextans Anonymous [Caduceus]6 viewsc. 211 - 208 BCE, anonymous bronze sextans
24.6 mm, 9.23 grams
o: Mercury head to right, wearing winged petasos; 2 pellets above
r: Prow to r., caduceus above; in exergue, ROMA
Ex. RBW collection
PMah
501BERT379.jpg
Cr 61/6 AE Sextans Anonymous [Victory Series] 6 views211-208 BC. Sextans Victory series, Central Italy (21mm, 6.06g, 12h).
O: Draped bust of Mercury r., wearing petasus
R: Prow right; above, Victory flying r., holding wreath
Crawford 61/6; RBW 258.
PMah
623AA127Combo.png
Cr 85/7 AE Uncia Anonymous "H Series"4 viewsc. 211-210 b.c.e. mint in South East Italy 4.01 gm; 17.50 mm
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, pellet (= value = 1)
r: ROMA. Prow right; before, H; below, pellet.
A rarer coin.
Much, much nicer in hand than photos.
PMah
514Forum.jpg
Cr 97/7c AE Uncia Anonymous 6 viewsBronze Uncia Luceria mint, 211 - 206 B.C.E. (4.316g, maximum diameter 17.9mm, die axis 45o)
o: helmeted head of Roma right, pellet (mark of value) behind
r: ROMA, galley prow right, ROMA above, L and pellet (mark of value) below;
scarce
Crawford 97/7c, Sydenham 304, BMCRR Italy 173, SRCV I 1320
PURCHASED FROM FORUM ANCIENT COINS
PMah
473ArteCombo.png
Cr 114/3 Semis Anonymous [Rostrum tridens] 7 viewsRostrum tridens (second) series.
Probably a late unofficial issue, after 82 BCE
o: Laureate head of Saturn right; behind, S.
r: Prow right; above, rostrum tridens; before, S; below, ROMA.
Cf. Cr. 114/3. (g. 9.08 mm. 24.00)
Coarse style and light?
PMah
76ArteCombo.png
Cr 117/A/1 AR Denarius Anonymous [Rudder] 6 viewsc. 206-195 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, X
r: The Dioscuri galloping right; below, rudder and ROMA in partial tablet.
Cr. 117 A/1;RSC Anon. 20y (g. 3.62 mm. 19.50)
a bit scarce

PMah
green5ASbirdrudder.png
Cr 117b/1 AE As Anonymous [bird/rudder]6 viewsc. 206-195 BC, AE As (34.5 mm, 38.78 grams)
O: Laureate head of bearded Janus; I (mark of value) above.
R: ROMA I, prow r., Bird and rudder
Crawford 117b/1
Ex. RBW Collection
PMah
TriensForumhelmet.jpg
Cr 118/3 AE Triens Anonymous [helmet] 6 viewsBronze triens, Crawford 118/3, Sydenham 272b, BMCRE II Italy p. 226, SRCV I 939
Italian mint, weight 9.132g, maximum diameter 23.7mm, 206 - 194 B.C.;
O: helmeted head of Minerva right, four pellets above
R: prow of galley right, ROMA above, helmet with cheek-pieces and crest above in form of a crescent on right before prow, four pellets below
from the Andrew McCabe Collection; rare
Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins
PMah
AsForumPhilius.jpg
Cr 144/4 AE Quadrans 7 viewso: head of Hercules right, clad in Nemean Lion's scalp, three pellets (mark of value) behind
r: prow of galley right, Victory flying right crowning LFP monogram with wreath above, three pellets (mark of value) before, ROMA below

Roman Republic, LFP monogram (L. Furius Philus?), 189 - 179 B.CBronze quadrans, Crawford 144/4, Sydenham 300c, SRCV I 1088, F, nice olive green patina, pitting on obverse, Rome mint, weight 7.513g, maximum diameter 22.3mm, die axis 180o, 189 - 179 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, clad in Nemean Lion's scalp, three pellets (mark of value) behind; reverse prow of galley right, Victory flying right crowning LFP monogram with wreath above, three pellets (mark of value) before, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; very rare;
Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins
PMah
semisforumpetroinius.jpg
Cr 177/2 AE Semis [TP or PT]7 viewsBronze semis, Crawford 177/2, Sydenham 353a (R4), SRCV I 843, Rome mint 169 - 158 B.C.E.
weight 16.187g, maximum diameter 25.3mm
O: Laureate head of Saturn right, L below, S behind
R: Galley prow right, TP or PT monogram above, S right, ROMA below
from the Andrew McCabe Collection; scarce
PMah
agora70-203BAL.jpg
Cr 179/1 AE As Anonymous [BAL] 6 viewsAnonymous [BAL]. Ca. 169-158 B.C. AE as (31.9 mm, 24.03 g, 8 h). Central Italian mint. Laureate head of Janus, I above / BAL monogram / ROMA, prow of galley right, I to right. Crawford 179/1; Sydenham 354.
Ex RBW collection
PMah
198DHwolftwinsCr183.jpg
Cr 183 AE As Anonymous [wolf/twins]6 viewsc. 169-158 BCE, anonymous bronze As
28.2mm, 20.83 grams
o: Laureate head of bearded Janus; I (mark of value) above
r: ROMA below | I, Prow r. | [Victory?] | Wolf and twins above
Crawford 183/1
Many elements crammed onto reverse of this coin.
Ex RBW collection
PMah
605BF564.jpg
Cr 183/1 As Anonymous [wolf/twins]2 views169-158 b.c.e. (31mm, 26.29g, 7h).
o:Laureate head of bearded Janus
r: Prow of galley r.; above, she-wolf standing r., suckling Romulus and Remus
This reverse is rather unusual, in that it depicts the foundation story of Rome with bare minimum lines, which is depicted on later denarii in considerable detail, if not particular artistry. I have only one coin of this type, which seems to have suffered in striking due to the rather shallow twins and almost smudged prow.
PMah
614NN366.jpg
Cr 185/3 Triens Terentius Varo5 viewscirca 169-158 b.c.e., 22 mm, 6.88 gm.
o: Helmeted head of Minerva r.; above, four pellets
r: Prow r.; above, VARO and before, four pellets. Below, ROMA.
Terentia 6.
ex RBW Collection
Hard to get excited about this particular coin, but the type is relatively rare.
PMah
474ArteCombo.png
Cr 187/1 AR Denarius Furius Purpurio 4 views169-158 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, X
r: Luna in biga right; murex shell above, PVR below; in exergue, ROMA in linear frame.
Cr. 187/1. Furia 13 (g. 3.88 mm. 18.00)
PMah
AsForumPurp.jpg
Cr 187/2 AE As Furia 8 viewsRoman Republic, Furius Purpurio, 169 - 158 B.C., Bronze as, Crawford 187/2, Sydenham 359, BMCRR II Italy 424, Russo RBW 798, SRCV I 705

Bronze as, Crawford 187/2, Sydenham 359, BMCRR II Italy 424, Russo RBW 798, SRCV I 705, gF, green and red patina, 19th century India ink collection mark, R.L. Furia" on reverse, weight 23.130g, maximum diameter 37.9mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 169 - 158 B.C.; obverse laureate and bearded head of Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse prow right, PVR (ligate) above, I before, ROMA in exergue; big 37.9 mm bronze, from the Andrew McCabe Collection; scarce

Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins
PMah
475ArteCombo.png
Cr 191/a As Anonymous VAL 5 viewsValerius (?).c. 169-158 BCE
o: Laureate head of Janus; above, I
r: Prow right; above, VAL ligate; before, I; below, ROMA.
Cr. 191/1. Valeria 1. (34.78g 34.00mm)
Earthen dark green patina -- photos not great
Overweight for type?
PMah
556ForumQuadCombo.jpg
Cr 196/4 AE Quadrans Anonymous [Star]8 viewsRome, 169 - 157 BCE
o: Hercules head right, Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind
r: prow of galley right, ROMA above, three pellets below, star before
Crawford 196/4
3.1g, 17 mm
Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins
The smaller denominations of "Anonymous" bronze have varying degrees of scarcity; the "Star" quadrans is on the slightly scarcer side.
PMah
615NN367.jpg
Cr 201/2 As C. Scribonius 3 viewscirca 154 b.c.e. 30 mm, 21.38 gm.
o: Laureate head of Janus; above, mark of value "I"
r: Prow r.; above, CSCR and before, mark of value. Below, ROMA.
Scribonia 2
Although quite worn, the centering of the reverse is quite good, as sometimes it is difficult to determine the initial of the moneyer's praenomen.
PMah
202Agora.jpg
Cr 201/4 AE Triens C. Scribonius C.f.5 views154 B.C. AE triens.
C. Scribonius C.f.. 154 B.C. AE triens (21.35 mm, 9.22 g, 11 h).
O: Head of Minerva right wearing crested Corinthian-style helmet; above, four pellets
R: Prow of Galley right, [C] SCR above, four pellets to right // [ROMA] (in ex, mostly off)
Crawford 201/4; Sydenham 381b.
Ex RBW Collection
PMah
Naville467.jpg
Cr 215/2a As Q. Marcius Libo 9 viewsc. 148 BCE (30.5mm., 20.05g)
o: Laureate head of Janus; above, mark of value
r: QMARC Prow r.; before, LIBO and below, ROMA
Marcia 2. Sydenham 396. Crawford 215/2a.
Not a beauty, but I posted this for sharp detail on left reverse showing oar box and superstructure quite clearly
PMah
agora70-205SEMP.jpg
Cr 216/2a AE As L. Sempronius Pitio 9 viewsL. Sempronius Pitio. 148 B.C. AE as (30.7 mm, 20.60 g, 1 h). Rome mint. laureate head of bearded Janus; I above / L SEMP / ROMA, prow of galley right; I to right. Crawford 216/2a; Sydenham 403. Fine, sandy patina.
Ex RBW collection
PMah
CNGlot489Terentia.jpg
Cr 217/1 AR Denarius C. Terentius Lucanus 7 views147 BCE (20mm, 3.75 g, 6h). Rome mint.
o:Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, Victory standing right, holding wreath, above X (mark of value)
r: Dioscuri, each holding spear, riding right C.TER.LV below, ROMA in ex.

Crawford 217/1; Sydenham 425; Terentia 10; RBW 932.
There are numerous types of coins minted by gens Terentia, but this denarius is likely the only one minted by a moneyer of the lesser branch of the Lucani.
PMah
476ArteCombo.png
Cr 217/1 AR Denarius C. Terentius Lucanus 14 views147 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, X and small Victory
r: The Dioscuri galloping right; below horses, C. TER.LVC. In exergue, ROMA.
Cr. 217/1. Terentia 10
(g. 3.59 mm. 18.00).
1 commentsPMah
624AA156comb.png
Cr 228/2 AR Denarius C. Valerius C.f. Flaccus3 views140 b.c.e. 3.74 gm; 19.00 mm
o: Helmeted head of Roma right, X behind
r: Victory in biga right, [FLAC] above, C. VAL. C. F. below horses, ROMA in exergue.
A very standard type.
Except for the off-center loss of part of the reverse top inscription, a nice strike and nice coin.
PMah
476Naville404.jpg
Cr 232/1 AR Denarius Cn. Gellius 16 viewsCn. Gellius. Denarius 138 BCE, (18mm., 3.96g)
O: Helmeted head of Roma r.; behind, X. All within laurel wreath
r: Warrior in quadriga r., holding shield and grasping captive beside him; below, CNGEL. In ex, ROMA
Babelon Gellia 1. Sydenham 434. RBW 962. Crawford 232/1.
PMah
Roma472June.jpg
Cr 232/4 AE Quadrans Cn. Gellius 17 viewsRome, 138 BCE
o: Head of Hercules right; three pellets behind
r: Prow right, CN. GELI above, S before, [ROMA] below
Crawford 232/4
(4.68g, 20mm, 8h)
PMah
80ArteCombo.png
Cr 235/1a AR Denarius Sex. Pompeius Fostlus 7 views137 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; below chin, X; behind, jug
r: SEX. POM FOSTLVS. She-wolf suckling twins; behind, ficus Ruminalis; in left field, the shepherd Faustulus leaning on staff; in exergue, ROMA.
Cr. 235/1a. Pompeia 1. (g. 3.91 mm. 20.00)
This one's quite nice, pix do not do it justice.
PMah
477ArteCombo.png
Cr 236/1 AR Denarius M. Baebius Q. f. Tampilus 14 views137 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma left, X below chin, TAMPIL behind
r: Apollo in quadriga right, ROMA below horses, M. BAEBI. Q. F. in exergue
Cr. 236/1. Baebia 12.
(g. 3.93 mm. 19.00)
1 commentsPMah
20antestinomos.jpg
Cr 238/1 AR Denarius L. Antestius Gragulus 7 views136 BC.AR Denarius (19 mm, 3.85 g, 10 h), Rome.
O: GRAG Helmeted head of Roma to right
R: L.ANTES / ROMA Jupiter in quadriga to right
Cr238/1;Antesia9
PMah
green7quadrans.png
Cr 241/4 AE Quadrans Trebianus 7 views135 BCE Quadrans of L. TREBANIUS (16 mm, 3.50 grams)
O: Hercules head, 3 pellets behind.
R: ROMA 4 pellets L REBNI, prow r. with mast with pennant, wreath
Reference: Crawford 241/4
ex RBW Collection
PMah
amphora_quadrans_6-8-17.jpg
Cr 244/3 AE Quadrans C. Aburius Geminus 8 views134 BCE 18.7 mm, 4.24 grams.
o: Hercules head r, 3 pellets behind
r: ROMA, M.ABVRI M.F. GEM above and below prow r., 3 dots
Crawford 244/3
Ex. RBW

PMah
478ArteCombo.png
Cr 245/1 AR Denarius M. Marcius Mn. f. 4 views134 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; below chin, X; behind, modius
r: Victory in biga right; below, M MARC/ROMA divided by two corn-ears.
Cr. 245/1. Marcia 8
(g. 3.93 19.00 mm)
PMah
Roma475june.jpg
Cr 249/1 AR Denarius P. Maenius Antiaticus M. f. 10 viewsRome, 132 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right, XVI monogram behind
r: Victory driving quadriga right, PMAE ANT (ligate) below; ROMA in ex.
Crawford 249/1; Maenia 7.
(3.82g, 19mm, 9h.)
PMah
coin314~0.jpg
Cr 250/1 AR Denarius M. Aburius M.F. Geminus 16 views132 B.C.E. Rome mint
(19.32 mm, 3.93 g, 7 h)
o: GEM, helmeted head of Roma right; XVI monogram below chin
r: MABVRI / ROMA, Sol, holding reins and whip, driving galloping quadriga right
Crawford 250/1; Aburia 6
1 commentsPMah
616NN370.jpg
Cr 250/2 Quadrans M. Aburi M.f. Gem2 viewsc. 132 b.c.e. 19 mm, 6.70 gm.
o: Head of Hercules r., wearing lions skin; behind, three pellets and below neck truncation, club
r: MABVRI MF / GEM Prow r.; before, three pellets and below, ROMA.
Aburia 7
E.E. Clain-Stefanelli collection (which was very, very large)
Nicely struck, despite wear. Nice dark brown patina.
More to follow on this type.
PMah
625AA172Combo.png
Cr 253/1 AR Denarius L. Opimius2 views131 b.c.e. 3.95 gm; 17.50 mm
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; below chin, *; behind, wreath
r: Victory in quadriga right; below, MOPEIMI. In exergue, ROMA.

Nice toning on this coin, lost a bit in photo.
PMah
280AGCaeciliaCr256.jpg
Cr 256/4a AE Quadrans Q. Caecilius Metellus5 views130 BCE
(16.78 mm, 3.03 g, 7 h). Rome mint.
o: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion's skin headdress; three pellets behind
r: QMET / ROMA, prow of galley right, three pellets to right
Crawford 256/4a; Sydenham 510b
Ex RBW collection
PMah
520Romalot474.jpg
Cr 257/1 AR Denarius M. Vargunteius 8 viewsRome, 130 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; XVI monogram below chin, MVARG behind
r: Jupiter driving triumphal quadriga right, holding palm frond and thunderbolt; ROMA in ex
Crawford 257/1; RSC Vargunteia 1.
3.80g, 20mm, 1h.
PMah
596TR329.jpg
Cr 259/1 AR Denarius Q. Marcius Q.n. Philippus5 views129 b.c.e ;17 mm, 3.73 gm
o: Helmeted head of Roma right, with star on neck-guard; * mark of value behind
r: Q P(HI)LIP[VS] below, [ROMA] in ex, Macedonian horseman riding right; Macedonian helmet to left
For those of you who may say "Macedonian helmet????" on reverse, the highly-stylized mark represents such a helmet, perhaps engraved by someone who had never seen a Macedonian helmet, or, as in the case of the moneyer, had heard a description from his grandfather.
PMah
Roma458.jpg
Cr 260/1 AR Denarius T. Cloelius 10 viewsRome, 128 BCE
o: Helmeted bust of Roma right, wreath behind, ROMA below
r: Victory in biga right, ear of corn below horses, TCLOVLI in exergue
Crawford 260/1; Cloulia 1.
(3.89g, 20mm, 11h)
PMAH#446
PMah
CNGlot496Domitia.jpg
Cr 261/1 AR Denarius Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus 11 views128 BCE. (20mm, 3.90 g, 6h). Rome mint.
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; grain stalk to left, mark of value below chin
r: Victory, holding reins and whip, driving biga right, ROMA above; below, man attacking lion with spear, CN. DOM in ex
Crawford 261/1; Sydenham 514; Domitia 14; RBW 1056.
The Domitii Ahenobarbi peaked early in the late Republic, with many a contentious character active at key moments.
The last to hold the name for long was Nero's father, conveniently dying in time for Nero's mother Agrippina to marry Claudius, who adopted young Domitius.
PMah
479ArteCombo.png
Cr 261/1 AR Denarius Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus 7 views128 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, corn-ear; before, X
r: Victory in biga right, holding reins and whip; above, ROMA; below, man fighting lion (or hound?); in exergue, CN DOM.
Cr. 261/1. Domitia 14.
(g. 3.81 mm. 19.00 )
PMah
201SemisDHCr262.jpg
Cr 262/2 AE Semis Anonymous [Elephant]8 viewsc. 128 BCE, bronze Semis
20.9 mm, 8.29 grams
o: Saturn head right, S behind
r: Prow right, [S before?], elephant head above, [R]OM[A] below
Crawford 262/2
Ex. RBW collection
PMah
354.jpg
Cr 262/2 AE Semis Anonymous 8 views128 B.C.E.
AE Semis Anonymous, Rome mint
o: laureate head of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind
r: galley prow right, elephant head wearing bell facing right above, S (mark of value) right, ROMA below
(7.242g, maximum diameter 22.3mm, die axis 90o,
ex RBW Collection
Forum's Notes:
The elephant head recalls the victory of L. Caecilius Metellus over Hasdrubal at Panormus in 250 B.C. and the capture of Hasdrubal's elephants. The moneyer is perhaps L. Caecilius Metellus Diadematus, Consul 117 B.C., or L. Caecilius Metellus Delmaticus, Consul 119 B.C.
Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins
PMah
green6quadrans.png
Cr 265/3 AE Quadrans [Q. Max.] 10 viewsc. 127 BCE AE quadrans (16.6 mm, 3.23 grams)
O: 3 pellets behind Hercules head r.
R: Q.MAX ROMA 3 pellets, above and below prow r.
Crawford 265/3.
Ex. RBW Collection
PMah
86ArteCombo.png
Cr 268/1b AR Denarius Numerius Fabius Pictor 6 views126 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, X; below chin, letter
r: Q. Fabius Pictor, as Flamen Quirinalis,seated left, shield at side inscribed QVI/RIN, holding apex and spear;
on right, N. FABI; on left, PICTOR; in exergue, ROMA; behind head [letter]
Cr. 268/1b. Fabia 11. (g. 3.87 mm. 17.00)
Scarcer type. Iridescent cabinet toning
PMah
506CNG315.jpg
Cr 270/1 AR Denarius M. Porcius Laeca 8 viewsM. Porcius Laeca. 125 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.82 g, 6h). Rome mint.
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; X below chin; LAECA behind
r: Libertas in quadriga right, vindicta, reins & pileus, crowned by Victory flying left above, M.POR/ROMA below
Cr 270/1; Sydenham 513; Porcia 3: RBW 1088.
PMah
lot388Vauctions.png
Cr 272/2 Quadrans Anonymous 7 viewsAnonymous. 135-125 BCE quadrans (17 mm, 4.21 g, 6 h). Rome.
o: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion's skin headdress; behind, three pellets
r: [R]OMA in exergue, prow of galley right; in right field, three pellets
Crawford 272/2
PMah
509Trisk151.jpg
Cr 274/1 AR Denarius C. Porcius Cato 5 viewsC. Porcius Cato. 123 B.C. (19 mm, 3.73 g, 9 h). Rome.
Head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet; behind, X
C CATO below, ROMA in exergue, Victory, holding reins and whip, driving galloping biga right.
Crawford 274/1; Sydenham 417; Porcia 1.
PMah
198AgoraCombo.png
Cr 277/1 AR Denarius Q. Minucius Rufus 5 views122 B.C.E. (18.60 mm, 3.79 g, 1 h). Rome mint.
o: RVF, helmeted head of Roma right; mark of value X below chin
r: Q MINV, Dioscuri riding right, ROMA in exergue.
Crawford 277/1
PMah
507CNG316.jpg
Cr 278/1 AR Denarius C. Plutius 4 views121 BC. (18mm, 3.80 g, 9h). Rome mint.
Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) behind
The Dioscuri riding right, C PLVTI below, ROMA in ex
Crawford 278/1; Sydenham 414; Plutia 1; RBW 1101. VF, toned, a few minor marks under tone.
PMah
512CNG349.jpg
Cr 280/1 AR Denarius M. Tullius 8 viewsM. Tullius. 119 BCE. (18.4mm, 3.91 g, 5h). Rome mint
o: Helmeted head of Roma right, ROMA behind
r: Victory in galloping quadriga rt, palm frond & reins; wreath above; X below; M TVLLI in ex
Crawford 280/1; Sydenham 531; Tullia 1.
Rare moneyer
PMah
Naville489.jpg
Cr 281/1 AR Denarius M. Furius L.f. Philus 7 views121 BCE (30mm., 3.59g.)
o: MFOVRILF Laureate head of Janus
r: Roma standing l., wearing Corinthian helmet and holding sceptre, crowning trophy flanked by a carnyx and shield on each side; above her head, star. To r., ROMA and in exergue, PHLI.
Furia 18. Sydenham 529. RBW 1105. Crawford 281/1
Not a great coin overall, but obverse detail quite strong.
PMah
510Trisk152.jpg
Cr 282/4 AR Denarius L. Pomponius Cn.f. 9 views (21 mm, 3.82 g, 6 h). Rome.
Crawford 282/4; Sydenham 522; Pomponia 7.
o: LPOM-P-ONI C(NF), head of Roma right,in winged helmet; behind, X
r: LLICCN DOM in ex, warrior hurling spear and holding shield, reins and carnyx, galloping biga rt
PMah
589AA182comb.png
Cr 282/4 AR Denarius L. Pomponius Cn. f.13 viewsL. Pomponius Cn. f. AR Denarius serratus 118 b.c.e.
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, X; around, L. POMPONI CN F.
r: Bituitus in biga right; in ex, L. LIC. CN. DOM.
3.81 gms; 20.00 mm
This coin is much better in hand.
If the attribution of the reverse figure to Bituitus is correct, this coin commemorates the defeat of one of the most incompetent generals ever defeated by Roman valor, who lost over 120,000 troops according to severely outdated sources. The moneyers are splitting the designs -- Pomponius gets the interesting obverse, yet Domitius, whose father(?) was the winning general a few years earlier, chose a very ordinary reverse. Perhaps there is more to the story than meets the eye.
PMah
597TR333.jpg
Cr 282/5 AR Denarius5 views118 b.c.e. 20 mm, 3.86 gm
o: L PORCI LICI, head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet; * mark behind
r: L LIC CN DOM in exergue, Gallic warrior (Bituitus?), hurling spear and holding shield and carnyx, driving biga right.
Sydenham 520; Porcia 8
The reverse centering on this coin is not ideal, but the obverse is nicely centered and the serration is perhaps showing natural wear. (I am not certain.) The reverse strike is good.
PMah
spartan160.jpg
Cr 283/1a AR Denarius Q. Marcius, C. Fabius and L. Roscius 9 views 118-117 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right, XVI monogram behind
r: Victory in galloping quadriga right, crowning horses with wreath, ROMA below, R MAR C F L R in ex.
Marcia 16; Cr.283/1a
(3.83 gm)
PMah
626AA189Combo.png
cr 286/1 AR Denarius M. Sergius Silus17 views116-115 b.c.e. 3.84 gm; 18.00 mm.
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; before, EX. S.C; behind, ROMA and *
r: Horseman left, holding sword and a severed head in left hand; below horse, Q / [M.] SERGI; in exergue, SILVS.
A special issue, by Senate decree, Sergius holding the fiscal office of Quaestor. Another dynamic decapitation, this coin retaining the facial expressions of the recently-deceased barbarian.
The photo is a bit washed-out, but the excellent obverse strike is apparent.
3 commentsPMah
CNGBlasio.jpg
Cr 296/1d AR Denarius Cn. Blasio Cn.f. 29 viewso: Helmeted male head (Mars or Scipio Africanus?) right; [mark of value] above, prow stem behind
r: Jupiter standing facing, holding scepter and thunderbolt, crowned by Juno on left and Minerva on right
Cn. Blasio Cn.f. 112-111 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.86 g, 6h). Rome mint. Helmeted male head (Mars or Scipio Africanus?) right; [mark of value] above, prow stem behind / Jupiter standing facing, holding scepter and thunderbolt, between Juno on left and Minerva on right, crowning Jupiter with wreath; Π between Jupiter and Minerva. Crawford 296/1d; Sydenham 561b; Cornelia 19.
2 commentsPMah
443CassiaCNG.jpg
Cr 298/1 AR Denarius Lucius Caesius 9 views112-111 BCE. AR Denarius (20.4mm, 3.72 g, 1h). Rome mint.
O: Youthful, draped bust of Vejovis left, seen from behind, hurling thunderbolt; ROMA monogram to right
R: Two Lares seated right, each holding a staff; dog standing right between them, head of Vulcan and tongs above; L. CAESI
Crawford 298/1; Sydenham 564; Caesia 1

An unusual coin for this era of the Republic, particularly the bust seen over the shoulder. On the Rev, these are often cited as "Lares Praestites", guardians of the City of Rome. That makes sense as a coin, but that image is rare on coins and I (hope/think) some of the more local or personal lares are intended. The unusual obverse suggests that perhaps the reverse is equally creative and artistic.

PMah
423G364Caesia.png
Cr 298/1 L. Caesius7 views112 or 111 BCE
o: Youthful bust of Apollo left, hurling thunderbolt, monogram behind
r: Two Lares Praestites seated right, dog between them; head of Vulcan and tongs above; LA monogram on left, ER monogram right [off flan], L CAES[I] in ex [AE ligate]
Crawford 298/1; Caesia 1
3.88gg. (12h)
See notes on my other example of this artistic type; this one is even nicer.
PMah
627AA197Combo.png
Cr 304/1 AR Denarius L. Memmius8 views 109-108 b.c.e 3.93 gm; 19.50 mm
o: Young male head right (Apollo?), wearing oak-wreath; before, *
r: Dioscuri standing facing between their horses, each holding spear; in exergue, L. MEMMI.
This reverse breaks with the (boring) tradition of The Galloping Dioscuri reverse and presents a bold, frontal, sculptural presentation, similar to the sculptural group in front of the Quirinale Palace.
1 commentsPMah
CNGlot514Valeria.jpg
Cr 306/1 AR Denarius L. Valerius Flaccus 7 views108-107 BCE (19mm, 3.78 g, 5h). Rome mint.
o: Winged and draped bust of Victory right; mark of value below chin
r: Mars advancing left, holding spear and trophy; apex to left, stalk of grain to right, L VALERI FLACC

Crawford 306/1; Sydenham 565; Valeria 11; RBW 1147.
PMah
502BERT404.jpg
Cr 308/1a AR Denarius M. Herennius 25 views 108-107 BCE. AR Denarius M. Herennius, Rome, (19mm, 3.83g, 11h).
O: Diademed head of Pietas r.; control mark before chin;PIETAS behind.
R: M HERENNI, left; Amphinomus carrying his father aloft r., who looks back
Crawford 308/1a; RBW -; RSC Herennia 1.
[The Herennii seem to have adopted the Sicilian image of the brothers who fled Aetna with their parents, but most sources put the origin of the gens in Campania.]
2 commentsPMah
522Scipio.jpg
Cr 311/1 AR Denarius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus 5 viewsRome (19.2 MM AND 3.86 GRAMS)
OBVERSE Laureate head of Jupiter left
REVERSE Jupiter in quadriga right, brandishing thunderbolt, L SCIP ASIAG in ex
Syd 576 Sear 188 Craw 311/1
Cornelia 24

The moneyer is likely the grandson of L Cornelius Scipio, son of Scipio Africanus.
Keeping track of the Scipiones is an annoying task.
PMah
424G372Sulpicia.png
Cr 312/1 AR Denarius C. Sulpicius C.f. Galba17 views Rome, 106 BCE
o: Jugate heads of Dei Penates left, DPP before
r: Two soldiers swearing oath over sow, L above, C SVLPICI. C F in ex.
Crawford 312/1. Sulpicia 1
Serrated, 3.85g. (12h)
Penates were both personal and public gods, and this obverse emphasizes that these are the public form, "Publici", as it would be quite unusual to emphasize the private aspect of household gods. The oath scene on reverse likely refers to the founding myth of the white sow at Alba Longa in the Aeneid. The Sulpicii gens eventually culminated (and terminated) with the emperor Galba.
1 commentsPMah
AsForumMemmi.jpg
Cr 313/2 AE As Memmius 5 viewso: laureate bearded head of Janus, I (mark of value) above
r: Prow right, head of Venus decorating acrostolium; Cupid stdg l before prow and placing wreath on head of Venus, L MEMMI (ME ligate) above, ROMA below
Bronze as, Crawford 313/2, Sydenham 575 (very rare), BMCRR I Rome 1357, Russo RBW 1160, SRCV I 733, gF, well centered, light corrosion, edge cracks, weight 24.804g, maximum diameter 31.0mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 106 B.C.; obverse laureate bearded head of Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse Prow right, head of Venus decorating acrostolium (prow-stem), Cupid standing left before prow and placing wreath on head of Venus, L MEMMI (ME ligate) above, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; very rare
Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins
PMah
618NN378.jpg
Cr 313/4 Quadrans L. Memmius Galeria3 viewsc. 106 b.c.e., 18 mm, 4.16 gms.
o: Head of Hercules r., wearing lions skin; behind, three pelelts
r: Three pellets above /LMEMMI above Prow r., with head of Venus decorating acrostolium; before, Cupid placing wreath on its top and below, ROMA.
Memmia 5. Sydenham 575b.
One has to squint, a bit, at the interersting reverse to see Venus and Cupid on the reverse, but Cupid is facing left and stretching very hard towards the acrostolium, wings fluttering behind. The "eye" and the "X" oar-box are clear, as are the stylized waves.
ex RBW Collection (not NAC sales)
PMah
Roma472.jpg
Cr 318/1b AR Denarius C. Coelius Caldus 11 viewsRome, 104 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma left
r: Victory driving galloping biga left, holding reins; CALD below, C between two pellets in ex.
Crawford 318/1b; Coelia 3.
(3.82g, 19mm, 4h.)
Relatively unusual obverse that does not identify "Roma" or bear mark of value
PMah
CNGlot521Cassia.jpg
Cr 321/1 AR Denarius L. Cassius Caecianus 10 views102 BCE Rome mint
o: Draped bust of Ceres left, wearing wreath of grain ears; A[] to upper right
r: Two yoked oxen pulling plow left; X above
(17mm, 3.96 g, 6h)
Crawford 321/1; Sydenham 594; Cassia 4; RBW 1176 var. (controls)
PMah
503BERT407.jpg
Cr 322/1b AR Denarius C. Fabius C.f. Hadrianus 10 views102 BCE AR Denarius C. Fabius C.f. Hadrianus, Rome, (21mm, 3.94g, 10h)
o: EXAPV behind veiled & turreted bust of Cybele right
r: CFABICF, victory in biga right; D and stork below

Crawford 322/1b; cf. RBW 1177; RSC Fabia 14. Rare?
PMah
CNGLot417lucilia.jpg
Cr 324/1 AR Denarius M. Lucilius Rufus 10 viewso: Helmeted head of Roma right; PV to left; all within laurel wreath
r: Victory driving galloping biga right, holding whip and reins

M. Lucilius Rufus. 101 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.93 g, 9h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; PV to left; all within laurel wreath / Victory driving galloping biga right, holding whip and reins. Crawford 324/1; Sydenham 599; Lucilia 1.
PMah
199AgoraCombo.png
Cr 324/5b AR Denarius C. Vibius C.f. Pansa 4 views90 B.C.E. (16.5 mm, 3.70 g, 6 h). Rome mint.
o: PANSA, laureate head of Apollo right, liitus below chin
r: CVIBIVSCF, Minerva driving quadriga right, holding reins and spear.
Crawford 324/5b
PMah
480ArteCombo.png
Cr 327/1 AR Denarius M. Servilius C.f. 17 views100 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, Z
r: Two warriors, a Roman and a barbarian fighting on foot, each with a horse behind him; in exergue, M. SERVEILI. C. F / T
Cr. 327/1. Servilia 13
(g. 3.93 mm. 21.50)
1 commentsPMah
Roma478.jpg
Cr 328/1 AR Denarius P. Servilius Rullus 12 viewsRome, 100 BCE
o: Cuirassed bust of Minerva left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; RVLLI upwards behind
r: Victory driving fast biga right, holding palm and reins; P below horses, [P]SERVILIMF in ex
Crawford 328/1; RSC Servilia 14.
(3.92g, 17mm, 4h.)
Although this is a "head/Victory-in-biga" type, I think the style of the reverse of this coin is very dynamic.
PMah
Roma475.jpg
Cr 329/1b AR Denarius P. Cornelius Lentulus M.f. 42 viewsRome, 100 BCE
o: Bust of Hercules right, seen from behind, holding club, shield in left field, K below pellet in right field, ROMA below
r: Roma standing facing, holding spear and wearing triple-crested helmet, Genius of the Roman People right crowning her and holding cornucopiae, K below pellet in left field, LENTMARF in ex, all within laurel-wreath
Crawford 329/1b; Cornelia 25a
(3.94g, 20mm, 12h)
A somewhat busy design.
5 commentsPMah
481ArteCombo.png
Cr 332/1b AR Quinarius T. Cloelius 6 views98 BCE
o: Laureate head of Jupiter right; below, S and dot
r: Victory right, crowning trophy; before trophy, captive; beside, carnyx; between Victory and trophy, T. CLOVLI; in exergue, Q.
Cr. 332/1b; Cloelia 2 (g. 1.83 mm. 15.00)
PMah
118ArteCombo.png
Cr 333/1 AR Quinarius C. Egnatuleius C.f. 5 views 97 BCE
o: Laureate head of Apollo right; below, Q; behind, C. EGNATVLEI. C. F.
r: Victory left inscribing shield attached to trophy; beside trophy, carnix; between Victory and trophy, Q; in exergue, ROMA.
Cr. 333/1
(g. 1.90 mm. 16.00 )
PMah
image00043Nomospomponia.jpg
Cr 334/1 AR Denarius L. Pomponius Molo 19 viewsL. Pomponius Molo, 97 BCEDenarius (20 mm, 3.81 g, 6 h), Rome.
L.POMPON.MOLO Laureate head of Apollo to right.
NVMA POMPIL Numa standing before altar, sacrificing. Babelon (Pomponia) 6. Crawford 334/1. Sydenham 607.
1 commentsPMah
495No332.jpg
Cr 335/1a AR Denarius C. Malleolus, A. Albinus Sp.f., and L. Caecilius Metellus9 views96 BCE Rome mint
o: L. METEL A. ALB. S. F Laureate head of Apollo to right
r: C. MALL / ROMA Roma seated left on pile of shields, holding spear and parazonium, being crowned by Victory standing behind
Crawford 335/1a
(19 mm, 3.72 g, 4 h)
PMah
image00044NomosCaecilia.jpg
Cr 335/1b AR Denarius Caecilius / Postumius /Poblicius 8 viewsL. Caecilius Metellus, A. Postumius S.f. Albinus, C. Poblicius Malleolus, late 90s BCE(19 mm, 3.90 g, 10 h).
o: A-ALB.S.F / L. METEL Laureate head of Apollo to right; below neck, star
r: C.MALL / ROMA Roma seated left, crowned by Victory
Babelon (Caecilia) 46, (Poblicia) 3, (Postumia) 3. Crawford 335/1b. Sydenham 611a.
PMah
496No333.jpg
Cr 337/3 AR Denarius D. Silanus L.f.9 views91 BCE , Rome.
o: Helmeted head of Roma to right; behind R
r: D SILANVS L F / ROMA Victory in biga to right, holding reins in both hands; above, VI
Crawford 337/3. Sydenham 646
(19 mm, 3.51 g, 3 h)
Nice coin with a bit of stretched flan
PMah
Naville520.jpg
Cr 337/3 AR Denarius D. Iunius Silanus L.f. 9 viewsD. Iunius Silanus L.f.91 BCE (17.5mm., 3.78g)
o: Helmeted head of Roma r.; behind N
r: Victory in biga r., holding palm-branch and reins in l. hand and whip in r.; above IVI. DSILANVSLF / ROMA in ex.
Junia 15. Sydenham 646. Crawford 337/3
This coin has much nicer toning than shown in this photo.
PMah
483ArteCombo.png
Cr 337/3 AR Denarius D. Silanus L.f. 4 views91 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Roma right; behind, C
r: Victory in biga right; in exergue, D. SILANVS L.F/ROMA
Cr. 337/3; Junia 15
(g. 3.93 mm. 17.50)
Crisp strike, nice tone
PMah
497No335.jpg
Cr 340/1 AR Denarius L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi21 views90 BCE Rome mint
o: Laureate head of Apollo to right; behind, inverted anchor; below chin, B
r: L PISO FRVGI Jockey riding galloping horse to right, holding palm branch; above, D; Below, star
Crawford 340/1; Calpurnia 11
(17 mm, 3.76 g, 12 h)
2 commentsPMah
Naville521.jpg
Cr 340/1 AR Denarius L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi 7 views90 BCE
o: Laureate head of Apollo r.; behind, *
r: Horseman galloping r., holding whip in upraised r. hand; below, LPISOFRVGI/XV
18mm, 3.92g.
Calpurnia 11; Crawford 340/1
PMah
200AgoraCombo.png
Cr 340/4 As L. Calpurnius L.f. L.n. Piso Frugi 5 views 90 B.C.E. (27.43 mm, 13.84 g, 5 h). Rome mint.
o: Laureate head of bearded Janus; I above
r: L PISO / FRVGI, prow of galley right, on which stands Victory right, holding palm frond.
Crawford 340/4
Ex RBW Collection
PMah
570Arte168Combo.png
Cr 342/5a AR Denarius C. Vibius C. f. Pansa3 views90 BC. 3.88 gms 18.00 mm
O: Head of Apollo right, laureate.
R: Minerva in quadriga right; holding reins, spear and trophy; above, flying Victoria; C VIBIVS CF in ex.
I cannot quite make out the control mark before chin.
PMah
519savoca223.jpg
Cr 344/3 AR Denarius L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus 9 views 89 BCE. Rome
o: Bearded head of King Tatius right, SABIN behind
r: Victory in Biga right, bearing wreath, L TITVRI below, grain ear in exergue
(18mm., 3,86g)
Sydenham 700; Crawford 344/3
PMah
504BERT424.jpg
Cr 344/4a AE As L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus 18 viewsRome, 89 BC. (31mm, 11.94g, 9h)
o: Laureate head of Janus
r: Prow right, L TITVRI L F above, [SABINVS] below, I before
Crawford 344/4a; RBW 1304
1 commentsPMah
571Arte178Combo.png
Cr 345/1 AR Denarius Cn. Lentulus Clodianus3 views88 b.c.e. 3.80 gm; 18.50 mm
o: Helmeted bust of Mars, seen from behind, head right
r: Victory in biga right; in exergue, CN. LENTVL
A very typical presentation of "head and horses".... except that view is slightly over the should of Mars. This view, which I have flagged on other coins, is not common. Question: Why, and why did this view end
PMah
484ArteCombo.png
Cr 345/2 AR Quinarius Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Clodianus 9 viewso: Laureate head of Jupiter right
r: Victory standing right, crowning trophy with laurel-wreath
Cr. 345/2. Cornelia 51 (g. 2.12 mm. 13.00)
Nice weight for a quinarius
Say what you will about the Cornelii, but they managed to mint a tremendous number of types. I think more than any other gens. Marcii and Calpurnii are distant 2nds, I think.
PMah
572ArteCombo179.png
Cr 348/1 AR Denarius L. Rubrius Dossenus3 views3.26 gms 19.00 mm

o: Laureate head of Jupiter right, sceptre over shoulder, DOSSEN behind
r: Triumphal quadriga rt decorated with thunderbolt, Victory above; RVBRI in ex.
Jupiter's thunderbolt, in the Roman style, is remarkably clear on this otherwise weak reverse strike. The nice centering helps.
PMah
574AA181Comb.png
Cr 348/4 L. Rubrius Dossenus Quinarius9 viewso: Head of Neptune right, DOSSEN & trident behind
r: Victory walking right, [serpent entwined around altar before], L RVBRI behind
This type has an ambitious design for the quinarius -- Neptune's head is detailed and intense; Victory is rather robust, half-draped, with gigantic wings and flamboyant fronds, approaching a post-altar that has busy design as well.
2.00 gms; 14.00 mm

PMah
green_8_AS_Garg.png
Cr 350/3e AE As Vergilius / Gargilius / Ogulnius 10 viewsc. 86 BC, AE As of moneyers Vergilius, Gargilius & Ogulnius 26 mm, 11.86 grams.
O: Laureate bust of Janus.
R: GAR.OGVL.VER above prow l.
Crawford 350/3e
Ex. RBW Collection
PMah
425G392GargEtc.png
Cr 350A/2 "Gargilius, Ogulnius & Vergilius"7 views86 BCE
o: Laureate head of Apollo (Vejovis?) right, thunderbolt below
r: Jupiter in quadriga right, hurling thunderbolt and holding reins
Crawford 350A/2. RSC Anonymous 226.
3.84gg. (4h)
My view is this: Although in many respects this coin is boring and cold, it has an interesting virtue of being anepigraphic in an era of relative verbosity. The obverse is sometimes attributed as "Vejovis" and sometimes as "Apollo Vejovis" and sometimes just "Apollo". Vejovis seems to have been one of the most ancient gods, among the group that the Romans themselves often got confused as to origin-story and attributes. The fragmented sources do not make it much better and his odd name implying something like "un-Jupiter" is no help. (The anti-Jupiter implication --- darkest, weakest, least interested in nymphs -- being somewhat also at odds with the frequent association with Apollo.) Given the relative infrequency of Vejovis on coins, this ambiguity seems to extend to moneyers.
On the other hand, there is no equivalent Roman practice of the modern minting practice of issuing coins in a series simply to sell coins as "collect them all", so we can presume the moneyers expected a meaningful message to be conveyed.
This coin is much better in hand than the photo.
PMah
590AA220combo.png
Cr 350B/1 AE Semis Anonymous4 views86 b.c.e. 5.89 gms 21.50 mm
o: Laureate head of Saturn right; behind, S
r: ROMA. Prow left; before, S.
Prow - left are always scarcer than Prow- right.
Although this coin's best days are behind it, the reverse still shows considerable detailing at the water-line, the rostrum, and on the main-deck. The superstructure seems to have been neglected. nicer color than photo.
PMah
355.jpg
Cr 350B/3d AE Quadrans Anonymous 7 viewsc. 100 - 80 B.C. Bronze quadrans (Rome mint, 86 B.C.E.?)(2.082g, 16.1mm, die axis 90o) ;
O: head of Hercules right clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind
R: prow of galley right, ROMA (MA ligate) above, three pellets right(?), head of Venus decorating top of acrostolium(?)
cf. Crawford 350B/3d (possibly unofficial copy)
ex RBW Collection
PMah
591AA221combo.png
Cr 352/1 AR Denarius L. Iulius Bursio3 views85 bce; 3.83 gms; 20.50 mm
o: Male head right, with attributes of Apollo (youthful head), Mercury (winged headress) and Neptune (trident); behind, rudder.
r: Victory in quadriga right; above, numeral [xv??]; in exergue, L. IVLI. BVRSIO
This is an odd type, combining attributes of three gods on the obverse with an extremely mundane reverse. The rudder die mark is fairly rare, and I have not seen another published example. Any Republican type with a wide variety of die marks and numbers will end up representlng a large issue. I will update this posting soon, when I retrieve my Crawford set.
This coin, despite the deposits, is in excellent condition.
PMah
508CNG324.jpg
Cr 354/1 AR Denarius C. Licinius L.f. Macer 21 views84 BC. (20mm, 3.60 g, 6h). Rome mint.
Diademed bust of Vejovis left, drapery on left shoulder, hurling thunderbolt
Minerva, holding spear, shield, and reins, driving galloping quadriga right, [C] LICINIVS [L F] MACER in ex

Crawford 354/1; Sydenham 732; Licinia 16; RBW 1355
1 commentsPMah
Roma484.jpg
Cr 364/1b AR Denarius Serratus Q. Antonius Balbus 8 viewsRome, 82 BCE (3.71g, 20mm, 11h)
o: Laureate head of Jupiter right; SC behind, O below
r: Victory driving quadriga right, holding reins, wreath, and palm frond; QANTOBALB PR in two lines in ex
Crawford 364/1b. Antonia 1a
Banker's mark near chin obverse
Striking as Praetor, he was a Marian who was slain after the Sullan victory.
PMah
Naville540.jpg
Cr 366/4 AR Denarius C. Annius 6 viewsNorth-Italy and Spain 82-81 BCE
(18mm., 3.63g.)
o: CANNIVSTFTN PROCOSEXSC Diademed and draped female bust
r: Victory in quadriga r., holding reins and palm branch; above horses, XXXXVI and below, Q. In exergue, CTARQVITIPF.
Annia 1; Crawford 366/4
An unusual issue as proconsul; also, bankers seemed to be somewhat dubious of this coin given all the marks.

Banker's marks on obv. and rev.,
PMah
image00015_Annia.jpg
Cr 366/4 AR Denarius C. Annius Cr 366/410 viewsC. Annius. Denarius North-Italy and Spain 82-81, AR 18mm., 3.63g.
CANNIVSTFTN PROCOSEXSC Diademed and draped female bust r.
Rev. Victory in quadriga r., holding reins and palm branch; above horses, XXXXVI and below, Q. In exergue, CTARQVITIPF. Babelon Annia 1. Sydenham 749. Crawford 366/4.
Banker's marks on obv. and rev.,
PMah
426G390Procilia.png
Cr 379/2 AR Denarius L. Procilius 5 views80 BCE
o: Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat's skin; SC behind
r: Juno Sospita in biga right, hurling spear and holding shield; serpent below, L PROCILI F in ex.
Crawford 379/2; RSC Procilia 2
Serrate Denarius
3.92g. (8h).
PMah
545Nau363comb.jpg
Cr 380/1 AR Denarius C. POBLICIUS Q.F.4 views80 b.c.e. 3.8 gm.; 18 mm.
o: ROMA. Helmeted and draped bust of Roma right; F above.
r: C POBLICI Q F. Hercules standing left, wrestling the Nemean Lion; club below, quiver with bow and arrows to left, F above.
I. for one, feel that the Nemean Lion got a raw deal. Apart from having a demi-god out to get him, his skin became Hercules's "look". But Hercules was so...dense that he needed Athena to explain how to skin the poor lion -- which, in the typical way, makes the protagonist seem like a dim-wit. If you need a top-notch goddess to help you, then perhaps your accomplishment is at least 2nd rate.
A few elements of the inscription are weak, but the banker's marks are strong lettering. The serration looks entirely original to me.
PMah
498No338.jpg
Cr 382/1a AR Denarius C. Naevius Balbus11 views79 BCE Denarius Serratus (18 mm, 3.65 g, 6 h), Rome.
o: S C Diademed head of Venus right; before, E
r: C.NAE.BALB Victory driving galloping triga right, holding reins
Crawford 382/1a. Sydenham 769
Much nicer in hand; toned.
PMah
116ArteCombo.png
Cr 383/1 AR Denarius Ti. Claudius Ti. f. Ap. n. Nero 11 views79 BCE
o: Draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver on shoulder; before chin, SC
r: Victory in prancing biga right, palm-branch and reins in left hand and wreath in right; below horses, LXI. In exergue, TI. CLAVD. TI. F/AP. N.
Cr. 383/1 (g. 4.20 mm. 18.50) -- relatively heavy for type
PMah
639hb158comb.png
Cr 383/1 AR Denarius Ti. Claudius Ti.f.Ap.n.Nero9 viewso: Bust of Diana r., bow and quiver over shoulder, S C before
r: Victory in biga r., CXXXXV below; TI CLAVD TI F / AP N in ex
This type is one of the issues that have a large number of control numbers on both obverse and reverse dies, and per Crawford, each control-mark has only one die. Thus, each of them was struck from only a single reverse die. These types are quite useful for numismatic statistical analysis.
This particular coin I find to be enjoyable because Diana's quiver clearly has a cover on it. In modern times, archery quivers are open-topped sort of things, mostly for carrying the arrows from the garage to the back-yard range. In ancient times, and all times when arrows were weapons or tools, it was extremely important to keep the "fletches"/feathers/vanes protected, and to keep the shaft dry and point protected.
PMah
Roma487.jpg
Cr 386/1 AR Denarius L. Cassius Q. f. Longinus 26 viewsRome, 78 BCE
o: Head of Liber (or Bacchus) right, wearing ivy wreath; thyrsus over shoulder
r: Head of Liber left, wearing vine wreath; LCASSIQF behind
Crawford 386/1; RSC Cassia 6.
(3.88g, 14mm, 9h)
An unusual type, with heads on both sides there is some dispute as to the identity of the images. If both are manifestations of Bacchus, then this moneyer apparently really liked to have a good time and wanted his future constituents to know it.
2 commentsPMah
427G394Rustia.png
Cr 389/1 AR Denarius L. Rustius15 views74 BCE
o: Helmeted head of Minerva or Mars right, SC behind, star (value mark) below chin
r: Ram standing right, L RVSTI in ex
Crawford 389/1. Rustia 1
3.86g. (5h)
2 commentsPMah
RomaTrio.jpg
Cr 390/1 AR Denarius L. Lucretius Trio 35 viewsRome, 74 BCE
o: Radiate head of Sol right
r: Crescent moon surrounded by seven stars; TRIO above, LLVCRETI below
Crawford 390/1; Lucretia 2.
(3.85g, 16mm, 12h)
4 commentsPMah
428G395Farsulius.png
Cr 392/1b AR Denarius L. Farsuleius Mensor4 views76 BCE
o: Draped bust of Liberty right wearing stephane and pearl necklace, cap of liberty and SC behind, MENSOR before
r: Roma or male warrior in biga right, assisting togate figure to mount, control number XXCIX below horses, L FARSVLEI in ex
Crawford 392/1b; Farsuleia 2.
3.92gg. (4h)
Each control numeral in this issue appears on only one reverse die
This coin is in splendid condition for the type and nicely struck
PMah
429G396Lentulus.png
Cr 393/1a AR Denarius Cn. Lentulus6 views76 or 75 BCE
o: Diademed bust of the Genius of the Roman People right, scepter over shoulder, GPR above
r: Scepter with wreath, globe, and rudder, EX - SC across field, CN LEN Q below
(Spanish mint?)

Crawford 393/1a; Cornelia 54
3.97gg. (5h).
PMah
image00066Nomos.jpg
Cr 401/1 AR Denarius Mn. Aquillius Mn.f. Mn.n28 viewso: VIRTVS - III VIR Helmeted and draped bust of Virtus to right, with large head
r:MN F MN N / MN AQVIL / SICIL. Mn. Aquilius (Cos. 101) raising fallen Sicily
65 BCE Denarius Serratus (19 mm, 3.82 g, 6 h), Rome.
Babelon (Aquilia) 2. Crawford 401/1. Sydenham 798. Toned and struck on a broad flan.
This coin is somewhat unintentionally ironic. The moneyer's honored grandfather was accused of fleecing the people of Sicily, when he was governor of the province after the slave revolts. He later managed to antagonize Mithridates VI of Pontus, leading to widespread slaughter of Romans in Asia.
As Wikipedia summarizes the aftermath: "Mithridates defeated Aquillius in 88 near Protostachium. Aquillius was attempting to make his way back to Italy and managed to make it to Lesbos, where he was delivered to Mithridates by the inhabitants of Mytilene. After being taken to the mainland, he was then placed on a donkey and paraded back to Pergamon. On the trip, he was forced to confess his supposed crimes against the peoples of Anatolia. Aquillius's father, the elder Manius Aquillius, was a former Roman governor of Pergamon and was hated for the egregious taxes that he imposed. It was generally thought that Manius Aquillius the younger would follow in the footsteps of his father as a tax profiteer and was hated by some of the local peoples."
Grandpa was thereafter killed by Mithridates by having molten gold poured down his throat.
2 commentsPMah
430G401Hosidia.png
Cr 407/2 AR Denarius C. Hosidius C.f. Geta6 views64 BCE
o: Diademed abd draped bust of Diana right with bow and quiver at shoulder, GETA before, III VIR behind
r: Calydonian Boar standing right, wounded by spear and attacked by dog, C HOSIDI [C F] in ex
Crawford 407/2; Hosidia 1.
3.52g. (6h)
A beautiful coin depicting a very narrow aspect of the Calydonian Boar myth. Oddly, the hero of the story is a strong woman, which must have been well known to the Romans, and the losers are a bunch of chest-thumping pseudo-Alpha-males.
Interesting to speculate what lesson the Romans drew from the story or the limited focus of this coin.
PMah
Roma495.jpg
Cr 412/1 AR Denarius Serratus L. Roscius Fabatus 24 viewsRome, 64 BCE
o: Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat-skin headdress; pileus of the Dioscuri surmounted by star behind, LROSCI below
r: Female standing right facing serpent; [control mark in left field], FABATI in ex
Crawford 412/1; Roscia 3
(3.82g, 19mm, 4h) bankers marks
I should add that I am rather fond or appreciative of bankers' marks. They show the extremely practical nature of any ancient transaction. Imagine if even a small portion of our transactions had to undergo human scrutiny at the level of negating the value of the transaction for every participant, plus the prior and succeeding transactions!
1 commentsPMah
431G405Cassia.png
Cr 413/1 AR Denarius L. Cassius Longinus7 views63 BCE
o: Bust of Vesta left, kylix behind, backwards S before
r: Citizen dropping tablet inscribed V into cista, LONGIN III V behind.
Crawford 413/1; Cassia 10.
3.85g. (7h)
The backwards S on obverse is a control mark, which collectively spell out Cassius' name across this type.
The reverse harkens back to an ancestor's voting law, where the "V" -- clearly visible on this nice coin -- indicated a positive vote. It is somewhat uncertain whether the money simply honored the presumably popular aspect of the law, which extended secrecy in voting, or also included the ancestor's role in prosecution of Vestal Virgins, as implied by the image of Vesta on the obverse. Apparently three Vestals were accused of being quite naughty for a Vestal, an extremely unhealthy thing to do, both individually and for the Roman state.
PMah
432G407Aemilia.jpg
Cr 415/1 AR Denarius L. Aemilius Lepidus Paullus8 views62 BCE Rome mint
o: Veiled and diademed head of Concord right, PAVLLVS LEPIDVS- CONCORDIA around
r: L. Aemilius Paullus erecting trophy before three captives, PAVLLVS in ex., TE - R above
Crawford 415/1; Aemilia 10
3.99gg. (6h).
The reverse depicts King Perseus of Macedon and his sons, the non-winners at Paullus' victory at Pydna in 168 BCE, which ended the Macedonian dynasty and was not particularly healthy for the enslaved and looted cities, either.
The moneyer was likely engaged in a bit of counter-adoption, as the great general's agnate family technically died out upon his death.
PMah
619NN404.jpg
Cr 421/1 AR Denarius M. Nonius Sufenas17 viewscirca 57- 59 b.c.e., 17.5mm., 3.97gms.
o: SVFENAS SC Head of Saturn r.; in l. field, harpa and conical stone
r: PRLVPF Roma seated l. on pile of arms, holding sceptre and sword, crowned by Victory standing behind her; in exergue, SEXNONI. Nonia 1.
The reverse inscription expands as : PR[aetor] L[vdos] V[ictoriae] P[rimus] F[ecit]. Interesting back-story crammed into a busy reverse. The moneyer's father (or grandfather) while Praetor, was the First to "Make" the Games of Victory [of Sulla]. The son's willingness to advertise this on his coins was rather aggressive, considering Sulla's reputation was rapidly declining and his father was a mere partisan despite sponsoring one round of games, and he himself no more popular even though he became praetor, somewhat underlined by this being the first and only "Nonia" issue. Presumably he had faith in Pompey, who was the most enduring and successful of the Sullan partisans and seen as the senior in the power-sharing "First Triumvirate". This bet seemingly did not work out well, but the specifics are not available.
3 commentsPMah
516naville.jpg
Cr 440/1 AR Denarius Q. Sicinius 9 viewsQ. Sicinius. 49 BCE (17mm., 3.83g.
o: FORT PR Diademed head of Fortuna Populi Romani r.
r: Palm branch tied with fillet and winged caduceus in saltire; above, wreath. On either side, III VIR and below, QSICINIVS

Sicinia 5. Sydenham 938. Sear Imperators 1. RBW 1555. Crawford 440/1.
PMah
521RomaLot511.jpg
Cr 448/1a AR Denarius L. Hostilius Saserna 21 viewsRome, 48 BCE
o: Female head right, wearing laurel wreath
r: Victory walking right, holding trophy over left shoulder and caduceus in right hand; LHOSTILIVS downwards before, SASERNA upwards behind. Crawford 448/1a; RSC Hostilia 5.
3.90g, 18mm, 10h.
1 commentsPMah
517naville.jpg
Cr 448/1a AR Denarius L. Hostilius Saserna 9 viewsL. Hostilius Saserna 48 BCE (18mm., 3.67g.)
o: Female head r. (Pietas?), wearing oak wreath
r: LHOSTILIVS SASERNA Victory advancing r., holding caduceus and palm branch
Crawford 448/1a
PMah
485ArteCombo.png
Cr 453/1a AR Denarius L. Plautius Plancus 9 views47 BCE
o: Facing head of Medusa with coiled snake on either side; below, L. PLAVTIVS
r: Aurora flying right, head facing slightly left, holding palm branch and reins in each hand and conducing four horses of the Sun; below, PLANCVS Cr. 453/1a. Plautia 15
(g. 3.82 mm. 18.50)
Several vey nice specimens on these galleries, see JayT4 and Carausius for example.
Reasonable minds can differ, slightly, but this reverse is possibly the most artistic of the Republican series. This coin is decent, but some examples are breathtaking. Obviously, an infusion of Greek engravers that year. Perhaps from Alexandria or the aftermath of Pharsalus (speculating a bit here).
PMah
433G429Cordia.png
Cr 463/3 AR Denarius Mn. Cordius Rufus8 views46 BCE
o: Head of Venus right, RVFVS SC behind
r: Cupid on dolphin right; below, MN [ligate] CORDIVS
Crawford 463/3; Cordia 3
3.70g. (2h)

Although this coin is a nice specimen, and the type is very popular, I find it hard to get excited about this issue.
Cordius was presumably a Caesarian minting between the battles of Pharsalus and Munda. The times were rather grim, both for the huge armies and the populace on which they were billeted. Cordius does not seem to be a significant personage.

The coin seems remarkably light-hearted and that seemingly drives its popularity in modern collecting -- "hey, it's a kid on a dolphin, what's not to like?"

It may reflect payment to troops crossing to (or leaving) Africa under the benevolent gaze of Caesar's ancestor Venus and her son Cupid (whose father is Mars). Given that the first part of the Caesarian army was scattered by storms, perhaps these coins were intended to reassure the follow-up troops that they would not end up scattered to the winds and eaten by lions, tigers and bears. Venus also looks vaguely like some of the later coin portraits of Caesar (or Eleanor Roosevelt).
PMah
575AA204comb.png
Cr 467/1 AR Denarius J. Caesar16 viewso: COS.TERT.DICT.ITER. Head of Ceres right
r: AVGVR above, PONT.MAX. below. Simpulum, sprinkler, capis and lituus; M in right field
Minted in Africa, c 46 b.c.
3.37 gms; 19.00 mm
This coin is not a beauty and may have been a pendant at some point. Yet it is one of those intensely historical coins, minted on either side of the Battle of Thapsus, which ended the old Republican resistance to Julius Caesar. This type, with "M" ligate in reverse field right, has been said to indicate "Munus" (gift in the sense of obligation); the other variation has "D", presumably "Donativum" (gift in the sense of "here you go, poorer person"). I personally find the distinction between M and D somewhat odd and perhaps there was a more sophisticated distinction being made. As the marks appear on coins of equal value, it seems a very obscure way of distinguishing among soldiers and mere beneficiaries.
1 commentsPMah
511Trisk161.jpg
Cr 479/1 As Sextus Pompey 6 views 42-38 B.C.E. (29 mm, 15.92 g, 1 h). Uncertain Sicilian mint.
o: [M]AGN above, laureate head of Janus, with features resembling Pompey the Great
r: PIVS above, IMP in exergue, prow of galley right.

Crawford 479/1; HCRI 336; Sydenham 1044; RPC 671.
PMah
CNG_pompey_7-12-17.jpg
Cr 479/1 As Sextus Pompey 12 views42-38 BC. As (30mm, 26.45 g, 12h). Uncertain Sicilian mint.
o: Laureate head of Janus with the features of Pompey the Great, MAGN above
r: Prow of quinquereme right, [PI]VS above, IMP below
Crawford 479/1; CRI 336; Sydenham 1044; RPC I 671.
PMah
Roma507.jpg
Cr 494/23 AR Denarius P. Clodius M.f. Turrinus 11 viewsRome, 42 BCE
o: Laureate head of Apollo right; lyre behind
r: Diana standing facing, head right, with bow and quiver over shoulder, holding lighted torch in each hand; PCLODIVS downwards to right, MF downwards to left.
Crawford 494/23; Claudia 15.
(3.81g, 17mm, 3h)
Note: Lyre is NOT a die symbol
PMah
569Arte166Combo.png
Cr. 340/4 AR Denarius L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi1 views90 BC.
O: Head of Janus, laureate.
R: L PISO, prow right, with Victory standing right, palm branch over shoulder, FRVGI
11.31 gms; 28.00 mm
(You have to use your imagination to find most of the reverse inscription on this coin, a relatively late bronze which would have seen a lot of circulation. Victoria is very clear.)
PMah
152 files on 1 page(s)