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Hermione_Triobol___BCD_Peloponnesos_1302_(this_coin).jpg
Argolis, Hermione, ca. 280-250 BC, AR Triobol 23 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
EP monogram above ΔI, all within wreath of grain.

BCD Peloponnesos 1302 (this coin); HGC 5, 748; Grandjean, Monnayage Group II, Emission 8, D16/R25 (this coin cited).

(15 mm, 2.58 g, 11h)
Auctiones GmbH 47, 24 April 2016, 25; ex- BCD Collection: LHS Numismatics 96, 8-9 May 2006, 1302; ex- GMRH, May 1979, SFr 500 (per BCD ticket); ex- Ashmolean Museum from the E.S.G. Robinson Collection, donated to the Ashmolean, disposed of as a duplicate.

This coin has a notable provenance that can be traced back to the collection of Edward Stanley Gotch Robinson (1887-1976) a classical numismatist and the Keeper of the Coin and Medal Department at the British Museum 1949-1952. He endowed the Ashmolean with his coin collection in 1964. Within three years of his death the Ashmolean disposed of this coin from the collection, despite the type being extremely rare. That's gratitude for you!
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Argolis,_Hermione,_AR_Triobol_.jpg
Argolis, Hermione, ca. 360-320/10 BC, AR Triobol 26 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
EP monogram within wreath.

HGC 5, 745 (R2); Grandjean, Monnayage group I, emission 1A, D1/R2 (this coin cited = Coll. N. Davis169 (= Coll. Jameson 1259)); BCD Peloponnesos 1288 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 136; Jameson 1259 (this coin); Dewing 1932 (same dies).

(15 mm, 2.84 g, 11h)
Classical Numismatic Group Mail Bid Auction 79, 17 September 2008, 295; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); ex- 'Continental' collection: Classical Numismatic Group XXIV, 9 December 1992, 255; ex- N. DAvis Collection; ex- Jameson Collection.

This triobol is the coin catalogued by Grandjean as D1/R2 Coll. N. Davis 169 (= Coll. Jameson 1259). It passed into the BCD Collection via CNG XXIV (1992) after the publication of Granjean's work in 1990. The Jameson collection was auctioned in Paris in the years 1913-1932.
1 commentsn.igma
Argolis,_Hermione,_AR_Triobol.jpg
Argolis, Hermione, ca. 360-320/10 BC, AR Triobol 12 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
EP monogram within wreath.

HGC 5, 745 (R2); Grandjean, Monnayage group I, emission 1A, D3/R2 (this coin cited = Coll. BCD. 12); BCD Peloponnesos 1287; SNG Copenhagen 136.

(15 mm, 2.58 g, 7h).
Classical Numismatic Group; ex- BCD Collection; ex- Malcolm Hay (January 1975).
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Messenia,_Messene_AR_Hemidrachm_35_BC.jpg
Messenia, Messene, ca. 35 BC, AR Hemidrachm 21 viewsDiademed head of Zeus right.
Tripod ME-Σ monogram, ΠΟ-ΛY-KΛ-HΣ (Polykles magistrate), within wreath.

HGC 5, 572; Grandjean 215a (D132/R182; this coin illustrated on pl. VIII); BCD Peloponnesos 753-755, SNG Copenhagen 507.

(15 mm, 2.31 g, 12h).
Classical Numismatic Group; from the BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); ex- Glendining, 21 June 1972, 211
1 commentsn.igma
Elis,_AE_2Assaria_30__s_BC_.jpg
Elis, Civic Issue, ca. 30’s BC, Æ 2 Assaria17 viewsHead of Hera wearing stephane right.
F-Eagle with wings closed standing right on thunderbolt, MY monogram to right.

BCD Peloponnesos 695 (this coin); HGC 5, 544 (this coin) (S); BCD Olympia 307-313; SNG Copenhagen (Phliasia) 429; Wroth p. 335, 6.

(24.5 mm, 13.32 g, 1h).
Edward J. Waddell, June 2011; ex- BCD Collection, LHS 96, 8-9 May 2006, 695; ex- B. Kritt collection - acquired from Kritt in 1987 for $1,800 per BCD note in LHS 96 catalogue.

One of the best examples of the type known - Alan Walker in the LHS 96 catalogue noted that this coin is ‘Very well struck and of unusually good style for this normally fairly dreadful issue.’

Warren connects this issue with the presence of Marc Antony in Elis and sees the eagle standing on a thunderbolt as being a reference to the standard Ptolemaic reverse type (the eagle at Olympia never seems to grasp the thunderbolt of Zeus) and thus an allusion to Cleopatra.
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Elis,_Olympia_Hemidrachm_.jpg
Elis, Olympia, 90th Olympiad, 420 BC, AR Hemidrachm 10 viewsEagle attacking hare right.
Winged thunderbolt.

HGC 5, 428 (variant F-A) (R2); BCD Olympia 60 var. (same obverse die, reverse with F-A); BCD Olympia 331.3 (this coin); Seltman pl. VIII/15; Sear 2878 variant (F-A on reverse).
Olympia, Zeus mint.

(17 mm, 2.68 g, 9h).
Kirk Davis Catalogue 50, Fall 2006, 59; ex- BCD Collection: Leu Numismatik AG 90, 10 May 2004, 331.3.
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Elis,_Olympia,_AR_Drachm_.jpg
Elis, Olympia, 134th-143rd Olympiad, 244-208 BC, AR Drachm 30 viewsEagle flying right, with both wings above its body, grasping hare with talons and tearing at it with beak.
F-A either side of thunderbolt with wings below and volutes above.

Schwabacher NumChron 1939 Group III; BCD Olympia 243 (same dies); HGC 5, 509 (S); Seltman pl. VIII/34. Struck from a worn and rusty obverse die.

(18 mm, 4.73 g, 12h).
Freeman & Sear.
1 commentsn.igma
Argolis,_Hermione,_AE_Chalkous,_CNG_833013.jpg
Argolis, Hermione. 360-320/10 BC, Æ Chalkous13 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
Torch; E-P across field; all within wreath of grain ears.

HGC 5, 753 (C); Grandjean Group I, emission 2B, d38/r36 (this coin cited as Coll. BCD, 25); BCD Peloponnesos 1297.

(12 mm, 2.06 g, 12h).
Classical Numismatic Group, July 2009; ex- BCD Collection, purchased from Leu, January 1979; ex- Jacob Hirsch (1874-1955) with his ticket; ex- Professor Athanasios Rhousopoulos (1823-1898) Collection (R/G 5310 = Rhousopuolos Griechen 5310 per Hirsch ticket).
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Elis,_Olympia_111th-110th_Olympiad_336-2_BC_AR_Hemidrachm.jpg
Elis, Olympia, 113th -115th Olympiad ca. 328-320 BC, AR Hemidrachm 13 viewsHead of the nymph Olympia right.
Eagle standing right with open wings, F in right field.

BCD Olympia 336.10 (this coin) – previously unrecorded type. HGC 5, 454 - same obverse die with unrecorded reverse type (reverse variant – eagle standing left head reverted, F in left field); Seltman -.
Olympia, Hera mint.

(15 mm, 2.82 g, 6h).
ex- CNG e-Auction 144, 26 July 2006, 108; ex- CNG e-Auction 115, 25 May 2005, 66; ex- BCD collection: Leu Numismatik AG 90, 10 May 2004, 336.10 ; ex- Professor Athanasios Rhousopooulos (1823-1898) Collection.

This is a unique and unrecorded example of the last output of the Hera mint in the Olympia. Although from the same obverse die as HGC 5, 454 the reverse iconography involving a right facing eagle and right field ethnic is unrecorded by Hoover (Handbook of Greek Coinage) or Seltman (Temple Coins).
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Argolis,_Hermione,_AE_Chalkous~0.jpg
Argolis, Hermione. Circa 360-320/10 BC, Æ Chalkous13 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
Torch between letters E and P, all within wreath of grain.

HGC 5, 753 (C); Grandjean Group I, emission 2B, d25/r24 (this coin cited as Coll. BCD, 13); BCD Peloponnesos 1297.

(13 mm, 2.08 g, 12h).
John Jencek; ex- BCD Collection; ex- The Fountainhead of Fine Coins (December 1980); Found on the Megara acropolis according to Grandjean’s catalogue.
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Uncertain_Peloponnesos,_Alexander_the_Great,_Ar_Tetradrachm_-_Price_763.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Demetrios I Poliorketes (?), 306-283 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Uncertain Peloponnesos Mint, possibly Epidauros, 300-287 BC17 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
AΛΕΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, Φ to left, EΠ monogram beneath throne.

Price 763 (“this coin cited” per dealer’s ticket- Schindel); Meydancikkale 192; Prokesch-Osten (2) 31.
Uncertain Peloponnesos Mint, possibly Epidauros 300-287 BC.

(25 mm, 16.96 g, 12h)

SCHINDEL, P., ‘Un tétradrachme inédit d'Antigone Gonatas (277/276 - 240/239)’, Bulletin du Cercle d'Etudes Numismatiques CENB 25.2 (1988), 25-28.

Elsen 119, 7 December 2013, 100: ex- P. Schindel Collection

Price suggested that the EΠ monogram of this coin might be the ethnic of Epidauros. He dated this issue to ca. 280-250 BC. However, two specimens with light wear found in Commerce “Seleucus I” 2005 Hoard, buried circa 282/1 BC, imply a date for this issue in the early third century BC. During this period Epidauros was ruled by pro-Macedonian tyrants and the date suggests a possible association with the presence of Demetrios I Poliorketes in the northern Peloponnesos in the period 300-287 BC. Based on the five known examples of the type, the emission was struck from a single obverse and two reverse dies. On the first of these reverse dies the Φ is missing. The progression of a die break on the scalp of the lion skin headdress indicates that the coins from the reverse bearing the Φ were struck after those without the Φ. The Φ thus represents a later addition to epigraphy of the type, suggesting that the EΠ monogram is the primary control and thus possibly the abbreviated ethnic of Epidauros as suggested by Price.
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Argolis,_Epidauros_AR_Hemidrachm.jpg
Argolis, Epidauros ca. 290/80-260 BC, AR Hemidrachm30 viewsLaureate head of Asklepios left.
EΠ monogram within wreath.

HGC 5, 722 (R1); Requier Monnayage Series 2 [1], 124 (this coin; dies D4/R4); BCD Peloponnesos 1232-33 (same dies); Winterhur 2221 (same dies).
Hoard patina - an uncleaned example from the Epidauros Hoard.

(19.3 mm, 2.38 g, 3h).
Requier, Pierre. Le monnayage d'Épidaure à la lumière d'un nouveau trésor. Revue Suisse de Numismatique, 72, 1993, p. 29-46.
ex- BCD Collection; ex-1979/80 Epidauros Hoard (CH VII, 69).

Until the discovery of the Epidauros hoard, the hemidrachms of Epidauros were exceedingly rare, a handful of examples being known. The Epidauros hoard brought an additional 145 examples to light. Most of the specimens found in the market in the last thirty years originated from the hoard, including the four examples in this collection. Alan Walker and BCD divided Requier’s catalogue into four series, versus the two originally detailed in the latter. The Requier Series number as quoted in the attribution reflects the subdivision of the Epidauros emissions by Alan Walker and BCD, while the bracketed number is the original series number of Requier.
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Argolis,_Epidauros_Hemidrachm.jpg
Argolis, Epidauros ca. 250-240 BC, AR Hemidrachm22 viewsLaureate head of Asklepios left; Θ re-cut over an effaced E behind.
EΠ monogram within wreath.

HGC 5, 729; Requier Monnayage Series 4 [2], 202 (this coin) dies D2/R3, weight recorded as 2.34 g on BCD tag = Requier 2, 202); BCD Peloponnesos 1243-44 (same dies); Dewing 1931 (same dies).

(16 mm, 2.35 g, 7h).

Struck from worn dies as are all examples of this the last civic hemidrachm issue of Epidauros.

CNG Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX, 1, Spring 2014, 976803 from the BCD Collection; ex-1979/80 Epidauros Hoard (CH VII, 69).

This emission was the last civic silver issue struck by Epidauros. It was struck on a reduced weight standard that was adopted throughout most of the Peloponnesos from around 250 BC. It utilized an obverse die from the preceding emission on which the Θ mint control (D2) was re-cut over the earlier E mint control (D1). In 243 BC the last of pro-Macedonian tyrants that had ruled Epidauros for the previous fifty years was forced to step aside by Aretos of Sikyon, the strategos of the Achaean League. This event probably bought to an end the civic silver issues of Epidauros, although bronze civic coinage continued down to ca. 200 BC. After this, a few Epidauran issues in silver and bronze, conforming to Achaean League standards, were made in the period leading up to the defeat of the League by Rome in 146 BC
1 commentsn.igma
ELIS,_Olympia__97th-100th_Olympiad__392-380_BC__AR_Hemidrachm__-_CNG_830947.jpg
Elis, Olympia, 97th-100th Olympiad, 392-380 BC, AR Hemidrachm 50 viewsHead of Eagle right; ΠO (Polykaon) below.
Thunderbolt with volutes above and wings below; F-A across field; all within olive wreath.

HGC 5, 433 (R2); BCD Olympia 95; Seltman, Temple pl. VIII, 20. Zeus Mint.

(15 mm, 2.58 g, 1h).
Classical Numismatic Group, August 2009; ex- BCD Collection (not in previous sales); ex- Dr. J. S. Wilkinson Collection: Malter 49, 15 November 1992, 627.
2 commentsn.igma
Elis,_Olympia_Stater_-_Seltman_76.jpg
Elis, Olympia, 83rd-85th Olympiads, 448-440 BC, AR Stater 17 views Eagle flying right, grasping a snake with its talons and its beak; two countermarks (crab and mule's leg).
F-A Thunderbolt with volutes and wings.

Seltman 76 (same dies AS/βς Seltman pl. III); BCD Olympia 372.1 (this coin); HGC 5, 306 (R2). Zeus Mint 448-440 BC (83rd-85th Olympiads).

(24 mm, 11.71 g, 2h).
Harlan J Berk Buy or Bid Sale 175, 7 July 2011, 144; ex- BCD Collection: Leu Numismatik AG 90, 10 May 2004, 327.1.

Although the tip of the beak of the eagle is off-flan, it remains a portrayal with a great deal of elegance. Seltman’s obverse die AS was used to strike 8 emissions – Seltman 75-82. This is the fourth known example of Seltman 76 and the only one outside a museum collection.
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Argolis,_Argos,_Hemidrachm_.jpg
Achaian League, Argos, ca. 195-188 BC, AR Hemidrachm 19 views Laureate head of Zeus left.
Wreath surrounding AX monogram; TK monogram above and wolf’s head below.

HGC 5, 714 (this coin) (R1); BCD Peloponnesos 1130 (this coin); Agrinion 302 (b) (same dies); Clerk 141.

(15 mm, 2.43 g, 6h).
Kirk Davis Classical Numismatics Catalogue 50, Fall 2006, 46; ex-BCD Collection: LHS Numismatics 96, 8 May 2006, 1130; ex-Coin Galleries Winter FPL 1981/82, 52.
1 commentsn.igma
Phliasia,_Phlious_AE_Chalkous_-_ex_BCD,_Brand___Weber.jpg
Phliasia, Phlious, ca. 400-350 BC, Æ Chalkous 37 viewsBull butting left, head lowered and turned to face viewer.
Large Φ with two pellets.

HGC 5, 177; BCD Peloponnesos 129; Weber 3882 (this coin); MacIsaac Issue 2, G.

(14 mm, 1.60 g, 3h).
CNG Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX, 1, April 2014, 834574; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); ex- Virgil M. Brand Collection (Part 7, Sotheby’s, 25 October 1984), lot 306 (part of); ex- Sir Hermann Weber Collection, no. 3882 purchased from W.C. Thieme, Leipzig, 1888.

Provenance Notes:
Sir Hermann David Weber (1823-1918) was a German physician who had a very distinguished lifetime career in medicine in England, including that of being a doctor to the royal family. Collecting from the late 1870’s, he amassed one of the largest private collections of ancient Greek coins of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It consisted of over 8,500 coins in total. Weber purchased this humble Phlious chalkous in 1888 from the dealer W.C. Thieme, Leipzig. Spink and Son purchased the collection from the executors of Weber’s estate, with the condition that the firm undertake the publication of the collection. This was duly completed by the mid-1920’s in a four-volume work that remained a standard reference for ancient Greek coinage throughout much of the twentieth century. Spink and Son dispersed the Weber collection, from whence this coin found its way into the collection of the prominent American collector Virgil M Brand.

Virgil M. Brand (1862-1926), born into a wealthy American brewing family in Chicago, developed an interest in coin collecting in 1889 and amassed one of the greatest private collections of all time, consisting of 386,000 ancient and modern coins including 68,000 gold coins. Each coin in the collection was documented by an entry in what became a thirty-volume set of descriptive ledgers. A lifetime bachelor and somewhat eccentric character, Brand chose to live modestly in a small apartment above his brewery in Chicago, shunning ostentation and devoting his time to the pursuit of his collecting, reading and local charity. He spent over $3 million on coins during his life. The collection was housed in cigar boxes that were packed into leather satchels, hidden behind his book collection. Virgil M. Brand died intestate and amongst various probate disputes his two brothers began to sell off the most prominent pieces from the collection in the 1930’s. Eventually, Jane Brand Allen, a niece of Virgil M. Brand, inherited the remains of the collection. These coins were sold in a series of auctions conducted by Sotheby’s, Bowers and Merena and Spink and Son during the 1980’s.

By this means the coin came into the collection of BCD the pre-eminent collector of mainland Greek coins during the last half of the twentieth century. BCD disposed of the coins of the Peloponnesos from his collection in 2006 at which time this coin passed into the inventory of the Classical Numismatic Group from whom it was purchased after its listing in the first edition of the newly revived Classical Numismatic Review produced by the company in April 2014.
2 commentsn.igma
Argolis,_Epidauros_Hemidrachm___Requier_183_(this_coin).jpg
Argolis, Epidauros ca. 250-240 BC, AR Hemidrachm 15 viewsLaureate head of Asklepios left, E behind.
EΠ monogram within wreath.
HGC 5, 729; Requier Monnayage Series 3 [2], 183 (this coin) dies D1/R3; BCD Peloponnesos 1242 (same dies).

(15 mm, 1.98 g, 10h).
Gorny & Mosch 225, 15 Oct. 2014, 1494; ex- Kricheldorf 39, Feb. 1987, 62; ex-1979/80 Epidauros Hoard (CH VII, 69).

Struck on the reduced weight standard introduced around 250 BC. From the same dies as the following example (Requier 202) on which the E of the obverse has been re-cut to a Θ.
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Argolis,_Epdiauros_AE_Chalkous.jpg
Argolis, Epidauros, ca. 300-250 BC, Æ Chalkous13 viewsLaureate head of Asklepios right.
E within laurel wreath. HGC 5, 740; BCD Peloponnesos 1245-1248; SNG Copenhagen 120; BMC 20.

(11 mm, 1.62 g, 8h).
Gorny & Mosch 225, 15 Oct. 2014, 1495; ex- Munzen u. Medaillen AG Basel 303, Sept. 1969, 316.

One of the finest known examples of this diminutive bronze.
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Phliasia,_Phlious,_AE_Dichalkon_400-350_BC.jpg
Phliasia, Phlious, ca. 400-350 BC, Æ Dichalkon12 viewsBull butting left, head lowered and turned to face viewer, M in exergue.
Large Φ with four pellets.

HGC 5, 169; BCD Peloponnesos 116; SNG Copenhagen 10 var. (variant - no M); Kroll Agora 721f var.; BMC 13-17 var. Very rare variant with the M obverse control.

(15 mm, 3.27 g, 11h)
CNG; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); ex- Kölner Münzkabinett 51, 12 November 1990, 119.
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Phlious_AE_Chalkous.jpg
Phliasia, Phlious, ca. 400-350 BC, Æ Chalkous 13 viewsBull butting right, head lowered and turned to face viewer.
Large Φ with four pellets.

HGC 5, 173 (this coin); BCD Peloponnesos 114 (this coin); MacIsaac Issue 1, D. Very rare with right charging bull, one of a few examples known.

(12 mm, 1.31 g, 2h).
Auctiones GmbH 2, 15 January 2012, 34; ex-BCD Collection: LHS Numismatics 96 (May 2006) Lot 114; found in Arcadia, Orchomenos according to BCD Peloponnesos (LHS 96) Catalogue and BCD Collection tag.
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Phliasia,_Phlious,_AR_Hemidrachm.jpg
Phliasia, Phlious, ca. 280-270 BC, AR Hemidrachm12 viewsBull butting left.
Φ within ivy wreath.

HGC 5, 146 (S); BMC 18; SNG Copenhagen 12; BCD Peloponnesos 137 - unrecorded obverse die, same reverse die; BCD dies LHD -/h.

(16 mm, 2.91 g, 9h)
Barry P. Murphy, February 2008; ex- Christopher Morcom Collection: CNG 76, 12 September 2007, 530 (incorrectly attributed as an example of BCD Peloponnesos 134).
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Phliasia,_Phlious,_AR_Obol.jpg
Phliasia, Phlious, ca. 400-350 BC, AR Obol 13 viewsForepart of bull butting left.
Large Φ with four pellets.

HGC 5, 156; BCD Peloponnesos 102-3; SNG Copenhagen 7.

(12 mm, 0.79 g, 10h)
CNG; ex- BCD Collection; ex- Stacks Auction March 15-17, 1979, Lot 149.

Phlious was the main city of Phliasia in the northeast Peloponnesos. Located on the river Asopos, its acropolis, known as Trikaranon, commanded one of the subsidiary roads leading to Corinth. It was renowned for a sacred stone, an omphalos, which its inhabitants revered as the center of the Peloponnesos. The city was a long-standing ally of Sparta. Two hundred citizen soldiers of Phlious were with Leonidas and his Spartan warriors at Thermopylae in 480 BC and one thousand of the city’s citizens faced the Persians at Plataea in 479 BC.
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Phlious_obol_.jpg
Phliasia, Phlious, late 6th-early 5th Century BC, AR Obol or One Twelfth Stater22 viewsBent leg right.
Incuse square divided into six irregular compartments.

HGC 5, 136; BCD Peloponnesos 78 (same dies); Gr. Mu. 803,pl. XIII, 24; Seltman, Athens, pl. XIV a (= NC 1890, pl. XIX, 21).

(8 mm, 0.91 g).
CNG; ex- BCD Collection

One of eighteen examples known.

The bent leg obols of Phlious are amongst the earliest coinage of the Peloponnesos. The coins were struck on the Milesian (Asiatic) weight standard with a stater of 14.1 gm, in contrast to the Aeginitic weight standard that came to prevail on the subsequent coinage and throughout the Peloponessos in the fifth century BC. This use of Milesian weight standard and the iconography of the bent leg, which has no later representation in the coinage of Phlious make for something of an enigma. The weight standard may reflect the dominant trade partners of Phlious at the time, while the bent leg is less readily explained. As a result of these enigmatic attributes, there has been controversy over attribution of this coin type. In the nineteenth century, the type was commonly attributed to Phaselis in Lycia. Subsequently, Seltman attributed the coinage as part of the Athenian Wappenmunzen series; specifically he attributed the type to the Alkmaeonid exiles of Athens in Phocis. However, recent studies refute these earlier attributions. Recorded find spots of all but one example have been in Phliasia or nearby Arkadia. This plus the fact that the largest associated denomination, a half stater bears the letter Φ make the attribution to Phlious certain. Eighteen examples of the type are known, one in each of the Berlin and London museum collections, twelve from the dispersal of the BCD collection and four others from other collections. Five obverse dies are accounted for in the series.
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Sikyon_Drachm_-_BCD_Peloponnesos_174.jpg
Sikyonia, Sikyon, ca. 431-400 BC, AR Drachm26 viewsDove with raised wings alighting left, Σ below, E above tail feathers.
Dove flying with open wings left within olive wreath.

HGC 5, 206; BCD Peloponnesos 174 (same obv. die); BCD Peloponnesos 175 (same rev. die); BMC 26 ff.; SNG Cop. 34; Traité 764.

(18 mm, 5.63 g, 10h).

This coin was struck from the first obverse die used to strike Sikyon drachms at the start of the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) in which Sikyon allied with Sparta and others against the growing hegemony of Athens. The war was waged for a generation, exhausting the participants on both sides before Athens finally succumbed. Sikyon provided much of the coinage used by the Peloponnesian allies. Worn as it now is, this coin would have circulated through much of the period of the war, a tangible connection to this period of epic conflict.
1 commentsn.igma
Arkadia,_Arkadian_League,_AE_Dichalkon,_Megalopolis_Mint.jpg
Arkadia, Arkadian League, Megalopolis, ca. 300-275 BC, Æ Dichalkon 10 viewsLaureate head of Zeus left.
League monogram APK above syrinx; AP-T[I] across upper field, ME to right, thunderbolt below.

HGC 5, 941; BCD Peloponnesos 1539.4.
Megalopolis mint.
Extremely rare, one of two known with the AP-TI/ME reverse mint controls.

(18 mm, 4.16 g, 12h).
CNG; ex- BCD collection; ex- A. H. Baldwin, May 1970.
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Sikyonia,_Sikyon,_AE_15,_BCD_317_16_(this_coin)_.jpg
Sikyonia, Sikyon, ca. 250-200 BC, Æ Chalkous 10 viewsDove flying left.
ΣΙ within olive wreath, ties above.

HGC 5, 274; BCD Peloponnesos 317.16 (this coin); Warren 4C.8; Kroll, Agora, 723.

(14 mm, 2.82 g, 10h)
Forvm Coins: ex- BCD Collection: LHS 96, 8-9 May 2006, 317.16.
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heraia__AE15_-_HGC_5,_840_(this_coin).jpg
Arkadia, Heraia, ca. mid-4th Century BC, Æ Dichalkon11 viewsHead of Athena wearing crested Attic helmet right.
Straight sided letter H.

HGC 5, 840 (this coin); BCD Peloponnesos 1367 (this coin); BMC 27; Traité 1020.

(15 mm, 2.70 g, 1h).
ex- BCD Collection: LHS 96 Lot 1367 (8 May 2006). Found near Phigaleia (in SW Arkadia) per BCD collection tag and acquired by BCD through exchange with AR in March 1994.

Heraia was a fortified city located in western Arkadia on the border with Elis. It was situated on one of the banks of the river Alpheios upstream from Olympia. Little is known of its history. The site of the ancient city was excavated in 1931, but it remains closed to the public. Phigaleia, where this coin was found, was a fortified city, located about 50 km due south of Heraia in one of the most elevated parts of the Peloponnesos. Phigaleia fell into decay under Roman rule in the third century AD.
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Arkadia,_Pheneos,_ca__300-240_BC,_AE_Dichalkon.jpg
Arkadia, Pheneos, ca. 300-240 BC, Æ Dichalkon 10 viewsWreathed bust of Artemis Heurippa right, with bow and quiver over shoulder.
ΦENEΩN Mare grazing right; AP monogram below, HP monogram in exergue.

HGC 5, 988; BCD Peloponnesos 1626; SNG Copenhagen 274; BMC 24.

(!7 mm, 5.05 g, 1h)
Classical Numismatic Group
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Pheneos_AE_Dichalkon.jpg
Arkadia, Pheneos, ca. 300-240 BC, Æ Dichalkon 17 viewsWreathed bust of Artemis Heurippa right, with bow and quiver over shoulder.
ΦENEΩN Mare grazing right; AP monogram below, HP monogram in exergue.

HGC 5, 988; BCD Peloponnesos 1626; SNG Copenhagen 274; BMC 24.

(16 mm, 3.07 g, 3h)
Gorny & Mosch 216, 16 October 2013, 2446.

Amongst the finest examples of the type known, with a beautifully detailed bust of Artemis.

Pheneos lies at the foot of Mount Kyllene, located near the modern village of Kalyvia and in the ancient region of Arkadia in the Peloponnese. It served as an important cultural centre, notably for holding the Hermaea, a series of ancient Greek festivals in honour of Hermes. The latter god figures prominently on most of the coinage of Pheneos. However, the basis for the iconography of this rare coin is the tradition that Odysseus discovered his lost mares in Phenean territory. In gratitude he erected a temple to Artemis Heurippa (the finder of horses). The legend is recounted by Pausanius (8.14.5) "There stands also a bronze Poseidon, surnamed Horse, whose image, it is said, was dedicated by Odysseus. The legend is that Odysseus lost his mares, traversed Greece in search of them, and on the site in the land of Pheneos where he found his mares founded a sanctuary of Artemis, calling the goddess Horse-finder (Heurippa), and also dedicated the image of Horse Poseidon." Little remains of the ancient city of Pheneos. Like many ancient cities, its coinage, which is of limited volume, remains the most tangible evidence of its existence.
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Arkadian_League,_Megalopolis,_AR_Triobol.jpg
Arkadia, Arkadian League, Megalopolis, ca. 330-275 BC, AR Triobol 22 viewsLaureate head of Zeus right.
Pan seated left on rock, holding lagobolon and raising hand; APK monogram to left, X to right.

HGC 5, 929 (S); BCD Peloponnesos 1526 (same dies); Dengate period I, issue 3, 13 (same obverse die).
A rare example of the first series issue, struck on the heavier Aeginitic weight standard.

(15 mm, 2.81 g, 10h)
CNG: ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale).
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Megalopolis_Alexander_Tetradrachm_225-223_BC.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Antigonos III Doson, 229-221 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Megalopolis, 225-223 BC22 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
AΛΕΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, TI above ME in left field, API beneath throne, syrinx to right.

Price 753 (same dies); HGC 5, 946 (R2) (same dies as plate coin); Troxell Peloponnesian Alexanders pl. XX, 5 (same dies); Noe -.
Megalopolis mint 225-223 BC.

(30 mm, 16.84 g, 12h).
Jencek Historical Enterprise.

This coin is from the fifth and final obverse die of the series (unknown to Noe but identified by Troxell).
The coinage was struck to pay the Macedonian mercenary forces of Antigonos III Doson opposing the Spartan King Kleomenes III.
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Arkadia,_Arkadian_League,_Kleitor,_ca_460-450_BC__AR_Hemidrachm_.jpg
Arkadia, Arkadian League, Kleitor, ca. 460-450 BC. AR Hemidrachm19 viewsZeus Lykaios seated right, holding scepter and thunderbolt; [eagle flying right from his arm].
ARKA-ΔIKON Head of Kallisto right, wearing tainia, within incuse square.

Williams, Confederate, period III, - (O111/R97 [unlisted combination]); HGC 5, -; BCD Peloponnesos -; SNG Copenhagen 173 (same obv. die); Gans FPL 29, no. 7198 (same rev. die). Reverse of fine style. Very rare. Reverse of fine style. Very rare.

(15 mm, 2.88 g, 4h).
Classical Numismatic Group Mail Bid Sale 81, 20 May 2009, 2566; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale), purchased from Davissons, September 1994.

This rare coin is from an unlisted die combination which according to the BCD tag accompanying the coin consists of the obverse die 111 used to strike Williams 163, while the reverse is from reverse die 97 used to strike Williams 157.
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Sikyon_AR_Stater_.jpg
Sikyonia, Sikyon, ca. 370-340 BC, AR Stater 23 viewsChimaera left, head of Apollo below.
Dove flying left within wreath, A above and Γ below tail feathers.

HGC 5, 194; BCD Peloponnesos 214; SNG Lockett-2329 (same obv. die), Grose-6252, pl. 219, 14, Traité-pl. CCXXI, 2.

(22 mm, 12.06 g, 3h)
Harlan J. Berk
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Corinth_Stater_1.jpg
Corinthia, Corinth, 415-387 BC, AR Stater27 viewsPegasos with curled wings facing left; koppa beneath.
Head of Athena wearing Corinthian helmet right; rose behind, dolphin above.

Sear 2628.

(21 mm, 8h).
Spink & Son Ltd, December 1987.
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Corinth_Archaic_Stater.jpg
Corinthia, Corinth, 525-500 BC, AR Stater19 viewsPegasos flying right, koppa beneath.
Incuse square with swastika pattern.

Ravel Group 1.3, 77 (dies P61/T61); BCD Corinth 3; Sear 1860.

(22 mm, 7.78 g, 12h).
Harlan J. Berk Buy or Bid Sale 189, 6 February 2014, 125.

Ancient hole at 12 o'clock, probably worn as jewelry in antiquity; amongst the earliest numismatic examples of this practice.
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Corinth_Alexander_Tetradrachm_Price_671.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Demetrios I Poliorketes, 306-283 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Corinth 27 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left dove left in wreath in left field, H beneath throne.

Price 671 (from the same obverse die as Price 670); Troxell Peloponnesian Alexanders pl. XIX, 6; Noe ANSNS 6, 19. Struck ca. 303-290 BC in Corinth by Demetrios I Poliorketes. Very rare.

(25 mm, 17.2 g, 1h).
Steven Battelle; ex-Gorny & Mosch 212, 5-6 March 2013, 1370.

Only two other examples of Price 671 are known, both from a different obverse die to that of this coin.This coin is from the same obverse die as that which struck the BM example of Price 670. On the latter, the die breaks around the eye of Herakles are more advanced, suggesting that Price 671 more correctly precedes the striking of Price 670 in the sequence of Corinthian Alexanders.
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Seleucus_I_2005_Hoard_#_318_.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Demetrios I Poliorketes, 306-283 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Corinth ca. 290-287 BC18 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, aphlaston in left field, NO beneath throne.

Troxell Peloponnesian Alexanders pl. XIX, 7 (same dies); Price 681 var. (no royal title and Nikai on throne back), Commerce ("Seleucus I") Hoard 2005 (CH 10.265) #318 (Plate 1, 318 - this coin).
Struck ca. 290-287 BC in Corinth by Demetrios I Poliorketes.

(28 mm, 17.09 g, 2h).
Jencek Historical Enterprise; ex-Hesselgesser Collection: Goldberg Auction 42 (13 September 2007) Lot 39; ex-CNG 72 (14 June 2006) Lot 320; ex-Commerce ("Seleucus I") Hoard 2005 (CH 10.265).

This coin is remarkable for the fact that it can be tied directly to events that transpired around 290-286 BC culminating in the final show down between Demetrios and Seleukos. It was part of a hoard believed to have been a component of Seleukos’ treasury buried in 281 BC. It was struck by Demetrios Poliorketes probably in the period 290-287 BC and travelled with his mercenary army to Asia Minor in 286 BC during an invasion aimed at regaining the legacy of his father Antigonos Monopthalmos. When his army mutinied, Demetrios was forced to surrender to Seleukos I Nikator and this coin found its way into Seleukos’ military campaign treasury. On the assassination of Seleukos in 281 BC a portion of this treasury, consisting of at least three thousand tetradrachms and drachms was buried, eventually to enter modern commerce in 2005 at which point the partial composition of the hoard, including this coin, was documented by Brad Nelson in his 2010 paper the Commerce ("Seleucus I") Hoard 2005 (CH 10.265).
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Corinth,_Alexander_Tetradrachm,_Price_691.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Demetrios I Poliorketes, 306-283 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Corinth ca. 290-287 BC 28 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, Nikai on throne back, cornucopia in left field, NO beneath throne.

Price 691; Müller 877; Commerce ("Seleucus I") Hoard 2005 (CH 10.265) 339-374 (same obv. die as 376 a Price 691 variant). Struck ca. 290-287 BC in Corinth by Demetrios I Poliorketes.
Struck from worn and rusty dies.

(28 mm, 17.16 g, 4h).
ex- Commerce ("Seleucus I") Hoard 2005 (CH 10.265)

The Commerce ("Seleucus I") Hoard 2005 (CH 10.265) is believed to have been a part of Seleukos’ treasury at the time he was assassinated by Ptolemy Keraunos. The coins in the hoard consist of tetradrachms and drachms, of early the Hellenistic period accompanied by one Boeotian and five Athenian civic issues. The Hellenistic royal coinage derived from the mints of Alexander the Great, Antigonos Monopthalmos, Demetrios Poliorketes, Lysimachos and Seleukos. The hoard was found in an undisclosed location in Asia Minor. Its composition is inferred from 1,721 coins in commerce in 2005-06, although the total hoard is believed to have consisted of more than 3,000 coins. The hoard appears to have been closed around 281 BC at the time of the murder of Seleukos.
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Corinth,_Price_703_.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Philip V, 221-179 BC, AR Tetradrachm – Corinth 220-217 BC26 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on a throne with a backrest topped by two Nikai, in left field Athena advancing left, shield over shoulder, holding spear on which is perched an owl, ΘE beneath throne.

Troxell Peloponnesian Alexanders pl. XVII, 3 (same obverse die); Price 703 (same obverse die); Noe ANSNS 6, 60.

(27 mm, 16.83 g, 1h).
Jencek Historical Enterprise.

Struck ca. 220-217 BC in Corinth, part of the Achaean League contribution to the maintenance of the army of Philip V of Macedon during the Social War. Obverse struck from a worn die.
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Patrai_Hemidrachm_adj.jpg
Achaian League, Patrai, ca. 86 BC, AR Hemidrachm 6 viewsLaureate head of Zeus right.
Wreath surrounding AX monogram in centre; ΦΙ above, ΞE to left, ΠA to right, dolphin swimming right below.

BCD Peloponnesos 508.4; HGC 5, 55.

(15 mm, 2.32 g, 11h).
Jencek Historical Enterprise; ex- BCD Collection (private sale); ex- Coin Art, Feb. 1974 per BCD ticket.
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Elis,_Olympia,_AE_15_Dichalkon.jpg
Elis, Olympia, 340-330 BC, Æ Dichalkon8 viewsLaureate head of Zeus right.
Eagle standing right, with wings closed; F-A across field, ΔI below, all within olive wreath.

BCD Peloponnesos 655; BCD Olympia 287 (same dies); HGC 5, 528 (incorrectly attributed as BCD Peloponessos 287) (R2); BMC 143.

(15 mm, 2.70 g, 2h).
Classical Numismatic Group, December 2008; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); found in Thessaly according to BCD collection tag.

Amongst the first Elean bronze issues. Rare, only a few dozen known.
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Achaia,_Dyme,_AE_Dichalkon.jpg
Achaia, Dyme, ca. 300-250 BC, Æ Dichalkon10 viewsVeiled head of Demeter right.
ΔY within wreath with ties to left.

HGC 5, 37 (R1); BCD Peloponnesos 476; BMC 2; Traite 834, MG 29; SNG Copenhagen (Phliasia) 145.

(16 mm, 2.18 g, 8h).
Classical Numismatic Group, February 2009; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); found in Thessaly according to BCD collection tag.

Minor softness on reverse.
Very rare, less than a dozen specimens known.
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argos_triobol.jpg
Argolis, Argos, 260s-250s BC, AR Triobol 20 viewsForepart of wolf at bay to left, Θ above.
Large A with Δ-E above and eagle standing on harpa below; all within incuse square.

HGC 5, 670 (S); BMC 61; Mycenae pl. 24-25; SNG Copenhagen 42; BCD Peloponnesos 1109-1110.

(15 mm, 2.58 g, 1h).
Pars Coins.
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Argos_AE.jpg
Argolis, Argos, ca. 280-260 BC, Æ Dichalkon21 viewsHead of Hera right wearing stephane inscribed with APΓEI.
Palladion of Athena standing left brandishing spear and shield.

HGC 5, 697 (S); BMC 106-108; BCD Peloponnesos 1100-1104; SNG Copenhagen 57-58.

(16 mm, 3.75 g, 5h).
Gorny & Mosch 216, 16 October 2013, 2440.

A rare example on which the inscription on the stephane is easily read.
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Argolis,_Hermione,_AE_Chalkous.jpg
Argolis, Hermione. 360-320/10 BC, Æ Chalkous11 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
Torch between letters E and P, all within wreath of grain.

HGC 5, 753 (C); Grandjean Group I, emission 2B, d28/r24 (this coin cited as Coll. BCD, 17); BMC 8; BCD Peloponnesos 1297;Weber 4241; SNG Copenhagen 140-3.

(13 mm, 2.36 g, 12h).
Classical Numismatic Group; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); ex- Munz Zentrum Sale XLIII, 27 April 1981, 86.
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Messenia,_Korone,_AR_Hemidrachm.jpg
Messenia, Korone, ca. 100-50 BC, AR Hemidrachm14 viewsHelmeted head of Athena right.
K-OP, grape bunch within ivy wreath.

HGC 5, 556 (R2); Grandjean pl. XXVI, 2; BCD Peloponnesos 780 (same obverse die).

(13 mm, 2.44 g, 5h).
Classical Numismatic Group; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale).
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Messene,_AR_Hemidrachm.jpg
Messenia, Messene, ca. 146-90 BC, AR Hemidrachm6 viewsDiademed head of Zeus left.
Tripod between ME- Σ all within wreath.

HGC 5, 566; BCD Peloponnesos 728; Grandjean Series X, 98-121; SNG Copenhagen 505.
Intact hoard patina.

(15 mm, 2.23 g, 1h).
John Jencek; ex- BCD Collection (private sale); ex- Burgan 18, December 1984,18.
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Messenia,_Messene,_Hemidrachm.jpg
Achaian League, Messene, 191-183 BC, AR Hemidrachm7 viewsLaureate head of Zeus left.
Large AX monogram, Ξ-E across fields, ΠAY monogram above and ligate ME below, all within laurel wreath.

HGC 5, 595 (this coin); BCD Peloponnesos 706 (this coin); Agrinion 314 (same obverse die); Clerk 310.

(14 mm, 2.50 g, 1h)
Auctiones GmbH 1, 19 December 2011, 28; ex- BCD Collection: LHS 96, 8-9 May 2006, 706; ex- de Nicola, May 1982.
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Argolis,_Hermione,_AE_Chalkous_-_BCD_1298_5_(this_coin).jpg
Argolis, Hermione, 360-320/10 BC, Æ Dichalkon12 views Wreathed head of Demeter Chthonia right.
Torch between letters E and P, all within a wreath of grain.

HGC 5, 754 (S); Grandjean Group II, emission 3B d40/r38; BCD Peloponnesos 1298.5 (this coin); Lindgren 1692 (this coin); BMC 15.

(13 mm, 1.80 g, 12h).
Kirk Davis Classical Numismatics, October 2008; Kirk Davis Catalogue 50, Fall 2006, 51; ex-BCD Collection: LHS 96, 8-9 May 2006, 1298.5; ex- Henry Clay Lindgren Collection #1692
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Elis,_Achaean_League,_AR_Hemidrachm,_40-30_BC.jpg
Achaian League, Elis, 40-30 BC, AR Hemidrachm 7 viewsLaureate head of Zeus right, ΘPACYΛEΩN behind.
Wreath surrounding AX monogram in centre; FA monogram to left, ANTK monogram above and XE monogram to right, thunderbolt below.

BCD Peloponnesos 688; HGC 5, 541 (R1); Clerk 272; BMC 70; Sear GCV 2994.

(16 mm, 2.19 g, 11h).
John Jencek Ancient Coins & Antiquities; ex- Frank Kovacs Collection.
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Achaia,_Achaian_League,_Elis,_AR_Hemidrachm_.jpg
Achaian League, Elis, ca. 50 BC, AR Hemidrachm 11 viewsLaureate head of Zeus right, KA monogram in outer right field.
Wreath surrounding AX monogram in centre; FA monogram to left, Ω above ELIΣ monogram (Elis) in upper field and XE monogram to right, thunderbolt below.

BCD Peloponnesos 685 (this coin); HGC 5, 540 (R2); Clerk 261; SNG Copenhagen 306.

(15 mm, 2.39 g, 6h).
Classical Numismatic Group e-Auction 160, 14 March 2007, 44; ex- BCD collection: LHS Auction 96, 8-9 May 2006, 685; ex- Danish National Museum, Copenhagen (c.f. SNG Cop 306 deaccessioned duplicate).
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Messenia,_Messene_AE_Hexachalkon_BCD_752_(this_coin).jpg
Messenia, Messene, ca. 40s-30s BC, Æ Hemiobol or Hexachalkon 14 viewsHead of Demeter right wearing diadem.
Zeus Ithomatos standing right, hurling thunderbolt with right hand, eagle with spread wings perched on left wrist; ΔAMIΩN to left with wreath in outermost left field, ME above tripod in right field.

HGC 5, 580; BCD Peloponnesos 752 (this coin); Grandjean 556a (this coin illustrated); BMC 29; SNG Cop 512; Sear 2853.

(22 mm, 6.66 g, 6h).
Forestier & Lambert, December 2007; ex- BCD Collection: LHS Numismatics Auction 96, 8-9 May 2006, 752; ex- P. R. Franke collection.

The image of Zeus Ithomatas is a recurring theme on the civic coinage of Messene; a symbol of the Messenian belief that after four centuries of bondage to their Spartan neighbours that they had the support and assistance of the Zeus to maintain their independence and freedom.
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Lakonia,_Lakedaimon_(Sparta),_AR_Triobol.jpg
Lakonia, Lakedaimon (Sparta), ca. 80-50 BC, AR Triobol 13 viewsLaureate head of bearded Herakles right.
Amphora entwined by snake between pilei of the Dioscouri; Λ-A and KA-PEY below; all within laurel wreath.

HGC 5, 612; BCD Peloponnesos 881-882; Grunauer VIII, series 23, 124; SNG Lockett 2492.

(18 mm, 2.34 g, 9h).
Classical Numismatic Group, August 2007; from BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); ex-Schulten 135, 20 October 1988, 344.
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Lakonia,_Lakedaimon_(Sparta)_AR_Hemidrachm_85_BC.jpg
Lakonia, Lakedaimon (Sparta), ca. 85 BC, AR Hemidrachm - in the style of the Achaian League 12 viewsLaureate head of Zeus right.
Central AX monogram; pilei of the Dioskouri flanking, ΛAI monogram above and ΩΠMY monogram below, all within laurel wreath.

HGC 5, 643 (S); Clerk 319; BCD Peloponnesos 865.4; SNG Cop 320.

(13 mm, 2.36 g, 6h).
Classical Numismatic Group, August 2007; from BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); ex-Johan Christian Holm (Denmark) 1976.

Although this coin is in the style of the Achaian League style, it was issued at a time when Sparta was not a member of the League. It is believed that the issue of this coin type was a “voluntary” contribution to the Roman campaign when Sulla was fighting Mithradates VI. This issue was struck the style of the coinage of the League, which was more acceptable to the Greek mercenaries who received it as pay while engaged by Rome. Sparta also issued autonomous silver coinage (example below) around the same time and for the following thirty years.
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