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Tacitus- Dikaiosyne.jpg
428 viewsTacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

AK K Λ TAKITOC CEB

AK: AVTOKRATOR is the equivalent of the Latin Imperator, 'emperor'.
K Λ is an abbreviation for K AV IOC, 'Claudius' transliterated into Greek.
TOK: TAKITOC= Tacitus
CEB: SEBASTOS (greek indication for augustus).

With the pellet between TOC . CEB

Reverse:
ETOVC A (year 1)

Dikaiosyne standing left holding scales in right hand and cornucopia in left. Diakaiosyne is the Greek equivalent of Aequitas ('Equity, Fair Dealing' to quote Sear).

Domination: Billon TETRAdrachm (4 drachms): size 21 mm

Mint: Alexandria, provincial.

Comment:
These Egyptian issues are not in RIC, but the old standard catalogue for these is Milne, where yours is no. 4492, with the pellet between TOC . CEB. They are also listed in the new Sear vol.III (though in not as much detail), where the nearest is 11831, which doesn't have the pellets in the obverse legend (Milne 4489). Other references : Curtis 1832, BMC 2403v ; Geissen 3115.
1 commentsJohn Schou
Agrippa S C.jpg
Agrippa- Anepigraphic53 viewsAgrippa – 63- 12 BC, Military commander and friend of Augustus

Obverse:

Head left wearing a rostral crown.

M.(Marcus) AGRIPPA L.F. (Lucius Filius = son of Lucius) COS. III (Consul for the third time.)

M:Marcus
L.F: Lucius Filius = son of Lucius
COS. III: Consul for the third time

Agrippa he wears a crown on his head which is decorated by prows of (war)ships, a so-called 'rostral crown' probably given to him to honour him as a fleetcommander during the battle of Actium, the decisiove battle in which Octavian defeated Marc Antony and Cleopatra.

Reverse:

S—C, Senatus Consulto

The reverse is 'anepigraphic' without text, apart from S.C. (Senatus Consulto = by approval of the Senate) Neptune holds a trident and has a dolphin on his outstretched hand. Neptune too is a reference to the sea and Agrippa's nautical carreer.

Domination: AS, Copper, 29 mm

Mint: Rome. This AS of Agrippa is struck under Caligula.

AGRIPPA
63 - 12 BC
Roman General
Agrippa was the companion of Octavian by the time Caesar was murdered in 44 BC. Agrippa was Octavian's most brilliant military commander. He defeated Pompeius in two naval battles and was responsible for for Octavian's victory over Mark Antony. When Octavian became emperor under the name Augustus Agrippa was second only to the emperor in authority. He suppressed rebellions, founded colonies and built an extensive road-network throughout the Roman empire.
John Schou
Allectus- Pax Avg.jpg
Allectus- Pax Avg50 viewsAllectus, summer 293 - 296 or 297 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
C: Caes
ALLECTVS: Allectus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
PAX AVG, the divine peace

PAX: Peace
AVG: Divine


Pax standing left holding scepter and branch

Domination: Bronze antoninianus, Size 16 mm.

Mint: Cologne or Camolodunum mint

Comment: The coin is 'Barbarous'. It's so well established, unfortunately, that we're stuck with it. It refers to coins struck unofficially during times of shortage, which would be comparable with the tokens which circulated in Britain in the late 18th-eatly 19th centuries at a time when there was a shortage of copper coinage. The term 'barbarous' comes from an old, now discredited, idea that they were struck by 'barbarians' outside the empire.
John Schou
Antoninus_Pius_Pius_Jupiter.jpg
Antoninus Pius S C Jupiter8 viewsAntoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.

Obverse:
laureate bust right, very slight drapery on left shoulder

ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III

ANTONINVS: Antonius
AVG: Augustus, emperor
PIVS: PIUS
P P: PP: Pater Patria, father of the country
TR P: Tribunicia Potestate. The tribunician power, the emperor as civil head of the state.
COS. III: Consul for the third time. One of the two chief magistrates of the Roman state, and often the emperor was one.

Reverse:

S C: Senatus Consulto, by Decree of the Senate

DES IIII
COS DES IIII indicating the Emperor had been designated to serve his fourth consulship starting on the first day of the new year

DES:
IIII:

Jupiter seated left on a facing throne, thunderbolt in right, long scepter vertical in left

Domination: Copper AS, size 25 mm

Mint: Rome mint, very end of 144 A.D
John S
Arcadius- salus reipublicae.jpg
Arcadius- salus reipublicae77 viewsArcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

Obverse:
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

D N ARCADI-VS P F AVG

DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
ARCADIVS: Arcadius
PF: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

There seems to be a double strike close to his face, or some faults of the engraver.

Reverse:
SALVS REIPVBLICAE, The health of the republic

SALVS: Health
REIPVBLICAE:

Dot in left field

Victory advancing left, trophy over shoulder in right, dragging captive with left

Domination: Copper AE 4, size 12 mm.

Mint: ALEA, Alexandria Δ= delta f14th Officina. RICIX20c (388-392) or as RICIX23b (a second emission 15 May 392 - 6 Sep 394 A.D)
They are impossible to distinguish.

The coin is considered VF (Very fine).
1 commentsJohn Schou
Arcadius-_Salus_Reipublicae_1.jpg
Arcadius- SALVS REIPVBLICAE38 viewsArcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

Obverse:
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

D N ARCADI-VS P F AVG

DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
ARCADIVS: Arcadius
PF: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

There seems to be a double strike close to his face, or some faults of the engraver.

Reverse:
SALVS REIPVBLICAE, The health of the republic

SALVS: Health
REIPVBLICAE: Republic


Victory advancing left, trophy over shoulder in right, dragging captive with left

Domination: Copper AE 4, size 14 mm.

Mint: SMK(gamma); Cyzicus; (Gamma) 3.rd Officina. RIC IX : 26c (Cyzicus).
John S
Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti 1.jpg
Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti53 viewsArcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

Obverse:
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

D N ARCADI-VS P F AVG

DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
ARCADIVS: Arcadius
PF: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
VIRTVS EXERCITI, Victory of the army. Referring to the courage of the army

VIRTVS: Victory
EXERCITI: Army

Emperor standing left, head right, holding spear and shield, Victory right crowns him

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 15 mm.

Mint: ANTΓ, Antioch,Γ Officina Gamma (Gamma, 3. rd), struck 395-401 A.D. RIC X 70

Comment:
This type was struck AD 395-401 for Arcadius and Honorius in Heraclea, Constantinopolis, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antiochia and Alexandria.
John Schou
Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti 3.jpg.JPG
Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti 27 viewsArcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

Obverse:
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

D N ARCADI-VS P F AVG

DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
ARCADIVS: Arcadius
PF: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
VIRTVS EXERCITI, Victory of the army. Referring to the courage of the army

VIRTVS: Victory
EXERCITI: Army

Emperor standing left, head right, holding spear and shield, Victory left crowns him

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 17mm.

Mint: Constantinople, struck 395-401 A.D. CONS [A,B, Γ, Δ] in exerge, so possibilities are as follow:
CONSA Constantinople RIC X 60
CONSB Constantinople RIC X 60
CONS gamma Constantinople RIC X 60
CONS delta Constantinople RIC X 60
CONS epsilon Constantinople RIC X 61
John S
Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti.jpg
Arcadius- VIRTVS EXERCITI84 viewsArcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

Obverse:
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

D N ARCADI-VS P F AVG

DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
ARCADIVS: Arcadius
PF: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
VIRTVS EXERCITI, Victory of the army. Referring to the courage of the army

VIRTVS: Victory
EXERCITI: Army

Emperor standing left, head right, holding spear and shield, Victory left crowns him

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 17mm.

Mint: SMNA, Nicomedia, Officina A (Alpha, 1 st.), struck 395-401 A.D

Comment:
This type was struck AD 395-401 for Arcadius and Honorius in Heraclea, Constantinopolis, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antiochia and Alexandria. With the mintmark I have problems. It could be Heraclea or Nikomedia. If it is Heraclea then it would be RIC X, 58. But that type has the dot on the right(!) field, what one can see on the pic pl.4 too! For Nicomedia I found the following footnote: SMNA, dot on right field (L.2440, Sardis 1981, 183 no.829) also cited; perhaps Heraclea misread, confirmation required.
Important for my coin is only the dot in the left rev. field. The other dots belong to the shield and the drapery of Victoria I think. So your type belongs to the series of AD 395-401, but with the dot in the left field it is not listed in RIC!
The ex. On my coin looks like SMNA . But the type of Nicomedia mentioned in the footnote of RIC has the dot in the right field too and RIC supposed that it is a misread SMHA. All other types listed for Nicomedia have no dots at all. So there are some mysteries around my coin!
1 commentsJohn Schou
Augustus~0.jpg
Augustus53 viewsAugustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

Obverse:

Augustus with his bare head right

CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT

CAESAR: Ceasar, emperor
AVGVST: Agustus
PONT MAX: Pontifix Maximus,
TRIBVNIC: Tribunicia, tribunal
POT: POTESTAS, the people

Reverse:

M MAECILIVS TVLLVS III VIR A A A F F

M: Marcus
MAECILLIS: Maelcilius
TVLLVS: Tullus
IIIVIR: Triumviri
AAAFF: Auro, Argento, Aeri, Flando, Feriundo,

S . C, Senatus Consultum

I think the dots were used as centering devices, one see them sometimes on Soldiers/Standards coins although on this coin it is certainly a large dot.

Domination: AS, Copper

Mint: Rome

The Roman Moneyers (or you may prefer the title of Mint Magistrates) were also responsible for the minting of gold, silver and bronze coinage and they reported to the Senate. They were known as the Triumviri Monetales or Triumviri Auro, Argento, Aeri, Flando, Feriundo which is abbreviated as III VIR. A.A.A. F.F. which may be translated as 'Commision (or college) of three men under whom gold, silver and bronze coins were struck'. (Note that the order of the metals varies according to different references.) The title 'III VIR. A.A.A. F.F.' occurs rarely on Republic coins and when it is present it is usually seen in an abbreviated form such as 'III VIR'. It is interesting to note that the full title occurs frequently on the reverses of Augustan Aes

The College of the Three Moneyers was a revived republican tradition. This coin was struck under the supervision of Marcus Salvius Otho, an ancestor of the future emperor Otho. Later, the number of members was increased to four, and their names were not included on the coins.

TRP = This is short for tribunicia potestate - "with the power of the Tribune of the Plebs." The government of Rome was split into the Patricians (who were Senators) and the Plebians. Nine Tribunes of the Plebs were elected by both Plebs and Patricians every year to be in charge of the Plebian assembly. These Tribunes could not be injured because it could be punishable by death. They had veto powers, and they could prevent a law from being passed or an election. An emperor cannot technically rule on the Plebian assembly since he is a Patrician, but by taking the title he could be free from injury. On a coin, if this symbol is followed by a number, it depicts how many times he has been elected Tribune of the Plebs.
John Schou
Aurelian- Concordia Militum.jpg
Aurelian- Concordia Militum105 viewsAurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate and cuirassed bust right

IMP AVRELIANVS AVG

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
AVRELIANVS: Aurelian
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse
CONCORD • MILIT, Accordance with the army

CONCORD • : Accordance
MILIT: Army

The dot in legend appears on the specimen illustrated by Göbl. Göbl 276a3 (2). He says "Moneta Comitatentis (later in Byzantium), 2nd. Emission"
He dates that to middle of 272. Göbl's concordance is -> Göbl (MiR 47) 276 = RIC 391 = Rohde 119, 120


Aurelian standing right, holding sceptre and clasping hand of Concordia standing left.

Domination: Bronze, size 23 mm

Mint: Cyzicus Γ (3.rd Officina), scarce or RIC V/1, 391; unattributed mint. It is Cohen 25. It could be RIC V/1, 342. I can't tell the difference! The description in RIC is the same for both types. Moneta Comitatensis, but it may be obsolete in any case.


Comment: In Estiot, Monnaies de l'Empire romain, vol.II, it is #987, pl.31; atelier Balkanique. The portrait on the obverse looks very strange. It is strange in the sense that there are very odd pictorial trends in the portraiture of Aurelian, but within the context it's not that unusual.
John Schou
Aurelian- IOVI CONSER.jpg
Aurelian- IOVI CONSER34 viewsAurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate and cuirassed bust right

IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
C: Caes, caesar
AVRELIANVS: Aurelian
AVG: Augustus, emperor


Reverse:
IOVI CONSER, Jupiter the conservator

IOVI: Jupiter
CONSER: Conservator



Aurelian standing right and holding scepter in left, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left and holding scepter in left.

Domination: Bronze antoninianus, size 23 mm

Mint: Serdica with 'P' in the exergue. RIC 259 (scarce
John Schou
Aurelian RESTITVT ORIENTIS.jpg
Aurelian- RESTITVT ORIENTIS60 viewsAurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.

Radiate draped bust right

Obverse:

IMP AVRELIANVS AVG

IMP: Imperator
AVRELIANVS: Aurelianus
AVG: Augustus,

Reverse:

RESTITVT: Restoration
ORIENTIS: Orientis

Aurelian standing left facing woman, holding sceptre and receiving wreath from her

Domination: AE Antoninianus, 20 mm, Bronze

Mint: *T, Siscia in Italy.

John Schou
Aurelian- ROMAE AETERNAE.jpg
Aurelian- ROMAE AETERNAE33 viewsAurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate and cuirassed bust right

IMP AVRELIANVS AVG

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
AVRELIANVS: Aurelian
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse
ROMAE AETER, the eternal Rome

ROMAE: Rome
AETER: The eternal

Aurelian receives Victory from Roma seated on right, facing left on shield & holding sceptre

Domination: Bronze antoninianus, size 20 mm

Mint: Q which is Mediolanum. RIC 142
John Schou
Catane- Apollo- ISIS (Sicilia).jpg
Catene- Apollo- ISIS48 viewsI think it's a coin of Katane (Sicily). Apollo head left on obverse, Isis on reverse.

Possibly a hexas, SNG ANS 1284 if around 3-3.5 g and 16-17 mm

I can only add that the coin is probably dated after 212 BC and depicts Isis holding a bird. Below the bird the sign II, the sign of value. Isis cult was very strong in Katane.

“Isis came to the island from the sea with the armies sent by Syracuse who conquered Katane in the year 476 BC, thus changing the city's name to Aitna.”

A well known obelisk in modern Catania bears hieroglyphs identifying the goddess Isis, but probably this was brought to Catania by Romans only on 30 BC from Egypt.

John Schou
Claudius II Gothicus- Fides Militum.jpg
Cladius II Gothicus- Fides Militum33 viewsClaudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.

IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG

IMP: Imperator
Cladivs: Cladius
PF: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
FIDES MILI, Fidelity of the army

FIDES: Fidelity
MILIT: Army

Fides standing left holding two ensigns.

Domination: Bronze Antoninianus, AE 3, size 18mm

Mint: Mediolanum struck 238-270 A.D. RIC 149, common.
John Schou
Claudius II Gothicus DIVO CLAVDIO.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus DIVO CLAVDIO26 viewsClaudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 AD

Obverse:
Radiate head right

DIVO CLAVDIO

DIVO, god

CLAVDIO, Cladius

Dot in right field

Reverse:
CONSECRATIO

Showing: eagle standing left, head right

Domination: Antoninianus, Copper, size 17 mm

Mint: ???

The Helvetica tables list this as RIC V (1) 266 this also according to The helvetica is the same reference number for all mints..
It lists 2 dots below on the obverse , but my coin shows the dots to the right if I see them correctly
I'm still not sure on the mint it's either Lyons, Rome or Aquileia .

Comment: Consecratio. In the first and second centuries when a popular emperor or their family member dies, they were consecrated as gods. Their successors built a personality cult around the dead emperor, serving as chief priest, and often dedicating temples to the dead. In the third century this custom faded out as the Cristian era evolved. Some common types of these depict a cult item or temple of the deified emperor. Some include: a cart drawing the cult image of the deified emperor, an emperor throne, a funeral pyre, an eagle, altar or peacock
John S
Claudius II Gothicus- Consecratio Altar new.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus- Consecratio Altar28 viewsClaudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate head right

DIVO CLAVDIO

DIVO: God

CLAVDIO: Cladius

Reverse:
CONSECRATIO

CONSECRATIO: Divine

Showing: Altar with 4 "dots" and perhaps fire. The altar is reverse

Domination: Antoninianus, Copper, size 20 mm, Posthumous
John Schou
Claudius II Gothicus- Consecratio eagle new.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus- Consecratio Eagle26 viewsClaudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate head right

DIVO CLAVDIO

DIVO, god

CLAVDIO, Cladius

Reverse:
CONSECRATIO

Showing: eagle standing left, head right

Domination: Antoninianus, Copper, size 19 mm

Mint: ???
John Schou
Claudius_Libertas_2.JPG
Claudius LIBERTAS AVGVSTA S C9 viewsClaudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.

Obverse:
Bare head left

TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP
TI: Tiberius
CLAVDIVS: Claudius
CAESAR: CAESAR

AVG: Augustus, emperor
P M: PP: Pontifix Maximus, high priest
TR P: Tribunicia Potestate. The tribunician power, the emperor as civil head of the state.
IMP: Imperator, leader of the army

Reverse:

LIBERTAS AVGVSTA S C
LIBERTAS: Libertas
AVGVSTA: AVGVSTA

The title of Augusta denotes a woman with significant imperial power. Minting coins with Libertas on Roman coins was a political statement by many who succeeded tyrants

S C
S C: Senatus Consulto, by Decree of the Senate

LIBERTAS AVGVSTA S C, Libertas standing facing, head right, pileus in right (cap worn by freed slaves), extending left hand

Domination: Copper AS, size 27 mm, die axis 180o

Mint: Rome mint, 50- 54 A.D, RIC 1-113_C47
John S
Claudius_Minerva_1.JPG
Claudius S C Minerva5 viewsClaudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.

Obverse:
Bare head left

TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP

TI: Tiberius
CLAVDIVS: Claudius
CAESAR: CAESAR
AVG: Augustus, emperor
P M: PP: Pontifix Maximus, high priest
TR P: Tribunicia Potestate. The tribunician power, the emperor as civil head of the state.
IMP: Imperator, leader of the army

Reverse:

S C

S C: Senatus Consulto, by Decree of the Senate


Minerva advancing right brandishing javelin in right, shield in left

Domination: Copper AS, size 25 mm

Mint: Rome mint, 50-54 A.D¸ RIC-I-116_C-84
John S
Commodus- Victoria.jpg
Commodus- Denarius Victoria34 viewsCommodus, marts eller april 177 - 31 December 192

Obverse:
Commodus with laurete head right

M COMM ANT FEL AVG P BRIT

M: Marcus
COMM: Commodus
ANT: Antoninus, Antoninus
FEL: Happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor
P: Pius, pious
BRIT: Britannicus

Reverse:
SAEC FEL PM TR P XI IMP VII COS V PP

SAEC: Happy age, refers to the secular games
FEL: Felix, happy
PM: Pontifix Maximus, literally ”head priest”, the ruler´s title as supreme head of the roman religion.
TRP: Tribunicia Potestas, The Tribunician power, the emperor as civil head of the state.
XI: 11th time
IMP: Imperator, head of the army
VII: 7 th time
COS: Consul,
V: 5 th time
PP: Pater Patria, father of his country

Victoria standing right, foot on helmet, inscribing VO DE (VOTA DECENNALES, every 10 year) on a shield set on upon a palme.

Domination: Denarius, silver, size 18 mm

Mint: Rome, struck 183-184 A.D. RIC 101, type B.

TRP = This is short for tribunicia potestate - "with the power of the Tribune of the Plebs." The government of Rome was split into the Patricians (who were Senators) and the Plebians. Nine Tribunes of the Plebs were elected by both Plebs and Patricians every year to be in charge of the Plebian assembly. These Tribunes could not be injured because it could be punishable by death. They had veto powers, and they could prevent a law from being passed or an election. An emperor cannot technically rule on the Plebian assembly since he is a Patrician, but by taking the title he could be free from injury. On a coin, if this symbol is followed by a number, it depicts how many times he has been elected Tribune of the Plebs.
John Schou
Commodus- Herkules.jpg
Commodus- Hercules42 viewsCommodus, March or April 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate head right

M COMMODVS ANTON AVG PIVS

M: Marcus
COMMODVS: Commodus
ANTON: Antoninus, Antoninus
AVG: Augustus,
PIVS: Pius,

Reverse:
TR P VIIII IMP VI COS IIII P P, S C

TRP: Tribunicia Potestas,
VIIII: 9
IMP: Imperator,
VI: 6
COS: Consul,
IIII: 4
PP: Pater Patria,

S—C: Senatus Consulto,

Showing: Hercules standing left, head at right and with clob and bow.

Domination: AS, Copper, size 25 mm
Mint: Rome

TRP = This is short for tribunicia potestate - "with the power of the Tribune of the Plebs." The government of Rome was split into the Patricians (who were Senators) and the Plebians. Nine Tribunes of the Plebs were elected by both Plebs and Patricians every year to be in charge of the Plebian assembly. These Tribunes could not be injured because it could be punishable by death. They had veto powers, and they could prevent a law from being passed or an election. An emperor cannot technically rule on the Plebian assembly since he is a Patrician, but by taking the title he could be free from injury. On a coin, if this symbol is followed by a number, it depicts how many times he has been elected Tribune of the Plebs.



John Schou
Commodus- Jupiter.jpg
Commodus- Jupiter59 viewsCommodus, March or April 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate head right

M COMMODVS ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT

M: Marcus
COMMODVS: Commodus
ANT: Antoninus, Antoninus
PFELIX: Pius Felix,
AVG: Augustus,
BRIT: Britannicus

Reverse:
IOVI IVVENI P M TR P XIIII IMP VIII COS V P P S—C

IOVI: Jupiter
IVVENI: Young
P M: Pontifix Maximus, ypperste præst
TRP: Tribunicia Potestas, folkets tribunat
XIIII: 14
IMP: Imperator,
VIII: 8
COS: Consul,
V:
PP: Pater Patria,

S—C: Senatus Consulto

Showing: Jupiter with his head left, naked except for cloak hanging from shoulder: Jupiter holding thunderbolt and sceptre, and there is a eagle at left foot. There is an S at left and an C right for Jupiter.


Domination: Sestertius, Orichalcum, size 30 mm
Mint: Rome

TRP = This is short for tribunicia potestate - "with the power of the Tribune of the Plebs." The government of Rome was split into the Patricians (who were Senators) and the Plebians. Nine Tribunes of the Plebs were elected by both Plebs and Patricians every year to be in charge of the Plebian assembly. These Tribunes could not be injured because it could be punishable by death. They had veto powers, and they could prevent a law from being passed or an election. An emperor cannot technically rule on the Plebian assembly since he is a Patrician, but by taking the title he could be free from injury. On a coin, if this symbol is followed by a number, it depicts how many times he has been elected Tribune of the Plebs.
John Schou
Constans Gloria Exercitvs.jpg
Constans Gloria Exercitvs48 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

Obverse: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

DN CONSTANS P F AVG, Our Lord and emperor Constans Pious and happy

DN: Dominus Nostre, Our Lord

CONSTANS: Constans

PF: PIUS FELIX, Pious and happy

AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse
GLORIA EXERCITVS, The glory of the army

GLORIA: Glory
EXERCITVS: Army

Two soldiers holding spears and shields on ground flanking standard,

Domination: Bronze AE 4, 15 mm.

Mint: SMNA, Nicomedia, RIC VIII Nicomedia 12, rated scarce.
John S
Constans- Fel Temp Reparatio.jpg
Constans- Fel Temp Reparatio38 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.


Obverse:
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

D N CONSTANS P F AVG

D N: Dominus Noster, Our Lord
CONSTANS: Constans
P F: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
FEL TEMP REPARATIO, restoration of happy times

FEL: Times
TEMP: Happy
REPARATIO: Restoration

Constans standing left in Galley, holding labarum and Phoenix on globe, Victory seated in stern steering ship

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 18 mm

Mint: TESB, Thessalonica, B= Beta ( 2th Officina). Struck 337-340 A.D. RIC 120
John Schou
FL_CONSTANTIS_BEA_C_Gloris_Exercitus_4.JPG
Constans- FL CONSTANTIS BEA C Gloria Exercitus70 viewsObverse:
Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right

FL CONSTANTIS BEA C

FL: Flavius
CONSTANTIS: Constans
BEA: Beatissimus
C: Caesar

Reverse
GLORIA EXERCITVS, The glory of the army

GLORIA: Glory
EXERCITVS: Army

Two soldiers holding spears and shields on ground flanking two standards

Domination: Bronze AE 4, 14 mm.

Mint: Siscia, ΑSIS, (Α= alpha 1. St Officina, SIS= Siscia)
John S
CONSTANS__Gloria_Excercitus_One_Standard.JPG
Constans- Gloria Excercitus27 viewsObverse:
Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust left

CONSTANS AVG

CONSTANS: Constans
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
GLORIA EXERCITVS, The glory of the army

GLORIA: Glory
EXERCITVS: Army

Two soldiers holding spears and shields on ground flanking one standard,

Domination: Bronze AE 4, 15 mm.

Mint: Rome, RIC VII 140 or 152.
Comment: Rather rare facing left for this issue

John S
Constans- Gloria Excercitus.jpg
Constans- GLORIA EXERCITVS40 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

Obverse: Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right

CONSTANS AVG

CONSTANS: Constans
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse
GLORIA EXERCITVS, The glory of the army

GLORIA: Glory
EXERCITVS: Army

Two soldiers holding spears and shields on ground flanking standard,

Domination: Bronze AE 4, 14 mm.

Mint SMALΔ Egypt, Alexandria mint, after 340 A.D. Officina Δ delta, (fourth Officina). RIC VIII 20 of Alexandria / Late Roman Bronze Coinage # LRBC 1463
John Schou
Constans Victoria new.jpg
Constans- Victoria30 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

Obverse:

Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

CONSTANS P F AVG

CONSTANS: Constans
P F: Pius felix
AVG: Augustus

Reverse:

VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN

VICTORIAE: Victoria
DD: Dominus Noster, Our Lord
AVGGQ: Emperors
NN: Nost-- Nostrorvm, Of our people

Domination: Bronze, AE4, size 15 mm

Mint: A = Aplha (Prima oficina), SIS = Siscia
John Schou
Constans Victoriae.jpg
Constans- Victoriae Avg45 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

Obverse:
Head right and pearl-diademed

D N CONSTANS P F AVG

D N: Dominus Noster, Our Lord, in the context of our lord and ruler of the Roman people.
CONSTANS: Constans
P F: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
Victoria AVG

Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

Obverse:
Head right and pearl-diademed

D N CONSTANS P F AVG

D N: Dominus Noster, Our Lord, in the context of our lord and ruler of the Roman people.
CONSTANS: Constans
P F: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
Victoria AVG

Victoria: Victory
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Victory standig left, holding laurel wreath and branch.

Domination: Bronze, AE 4, size 14 mm,

Mint: It starts with SM, so Constantinopolis is doubtful. SMALA I think is too long for the space
Browsing through RIC VIII I found the following possibilities:
RIC VIII, Heraclea 43; ex. SMHA
RIC VIII, Constantinopolis 64; ex. CONSA
RIC VIII, Nicomedia 47; ex. SMNA
RIC VIII, Cyzicus 37; ex. SMKA
RIC VIII, Antiochia 66; ex. SMALA


Comments:

0. The Victory sticks out, and the lettering on the reverse is extremely odd.
1. The overall style seems (to me) a little off.
2. There seems to be a raised edge or lip.
3. While Victory is in high relief, the exergue line and most of the exergue are not there.
4. As Evan noted; the style of the legend.
5. Such a long neck this constans..

While any of these things by themselves probably wouldn’t raise any of my doubts, together they do. I could be totally off here but I just have a bad feeling about this one.
1 commentsJohn Schou
Constans- Victoriae 1.JPG
Constans- Victoriae AVGG33 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.


Obverse:
Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

CONSTANS P F AVG

CONSTANS: Constans
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse: Two Victories facing one another, each holding wreath and palm frond, D in center.

VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN

VICTORIAE: Victory
DD: Dominus Nostra, our lord
AVGGQ: two emperors
NN: Nost—Nostrorvm, our

Domination: Bronze AE3, size 16 mm

Mint: TRP, Trier mint, P= Prima Officina, 347-348 A.D
Note - Doubled letters used as plurals, e.g. one ruler is AUG and two agusti AUGG, one Caesar is CAES and two is CAESS, or D N vs D D N N where N N is read as "our".
According "Peter N. Schulten, Die Römische Münzstätte Trier", (Frankfurt 1974), page 31, is emission no. 53 (343 AD) marked like this (with the D in the middle).
John Schou
Constans_VICTORIAE_DD_AVGGQ_NN.JPG
Constans- VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN24 viewsObverse:
CONSTANS P F AVG

CONSTANS: Constans
PF: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN
'The victories of our lords the emperors

VICTORIAE: Victories
DD: Dominus Noster
AVGGQ: emperors
NN: Nost—Nostrorvm

Note - Doubled letters used as plurals, e.g. one ruler is AUG and two agusti AUGG, one Caesar is CAES and two is CAESS, or D N vs D D N N where N N is read as "our".

Two victories facing one another, each holding a wreath and palm frond, palm branch upright in centre field.

Domination: Bronze AE3, size 16 mm

Mint: Siscia εSIS (ε= Epsilon 5. th Officina, SIS= Siscia)
John S
Constans- VOT XX MVLT XXX (1) new.jpg
Constans- VOT40 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

Obverse:
Pearl-diademed head right

D N CONSTANS PF AVG

D: Dominus,
N: Nostror,
CONSTANS: Contans
PF: Pius Felix,
AVG: Augustus,

Reverse:

VOT : 'Votis decennalibus (solutis),

X X: 20

MVLT: multis vicennalibus (susceptis),

XXX: 30

Showing: VOT XX MVLT XXX in wreath

Domination: Bronze, AE 4, size 15 mm

Mint: Antioch.Oficina ???

Vota (plural of votum). A vow made to a god in order to obtain a divine favour stipulated in advance. The granting of the request obliged the vower to fulfil his promise. This usually took the form of a sacrifice to the deity or an offering to his (or her) temple. Public vota in Imperial times were normally for the welfare of the emperor over a stated period of time (five or ten years) and were regularly undertaken (vota suscepta) and hopefully paid (vota soluta). Sometimes they were more specific, relating to the safety of the emperor on a particularly hazardous journey or military campaign, or the current state of his health. The undertaking and fulfillment of these public vows was frequently recorded on the coinage and in the late Empire especially may provide useful evidence for the chronological arrangement of issues
John Schou
Constans- VOT XX MVLT XXX (2) new.jpg
Constans- VOT43 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

Obverse:
Pearl-diademed head right


D N CONSTANS PF AVG

D: Dominus,
N: Nostror,
CONSTANS: Contans
PF: Pius Felix,
AVG: Augustus,

Reverse:

VOT : 'Votis decennalibus (solutis),

X X: 20

MVLT: multis vicennalibus (susceptis),

XXX: 30
Showing:VOT XX MVLT XXX in wreath

Domination: Bronze, AE 4, size 15 mm

Mint: Antioch.Oficina ???

Vota (plural of votum). A vow made to a god in order to obtain a divine favour stipulated in advance. The granting of the request obliged the vower to fulfil his promise. This usually took the form of a sacrifice to the deity or an offering to his (or her) temple. Public vota in Imperial times were normally for the welfare of the emperor over a stated period of time (five or ten years) and were regularly undertaken (vota suscepta) and hopefully paid (vota soluta). Sometimes they were more specific, relating to the safety of the emperor on a particularly hazardous journey or military campaign, or the current state of his health. The undertaking and fulfillment of these public vows was frequently recorded on the coinage and in the late Empire especially may provide useful evidence for the chronological arrangement of issues
John Schou
Constantine II- BEATA TRANQVILLITAS new.jpg
Constantine II- Beata Tranqvillitas49 viewsConstantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D

Obverse:
Laureate and cuirassed bust right

CONSTANTINVS IVN NC

CONSTANTINVS: Constantine

IVN: Junior

N C: Noble Ceasar

Reverse:
BEATA TRANQVILLITAS

BEATA: Divine

TRANQVILLITAS: Peace

Showing: BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, altar inscribe VO/TIS / XX surmounted by globe, three stars above, C left, R right

Domination: Bronze, AE 3, size 20 mm
Mint: PLC, Lugdunum .Oficina ???

The uneasy peace that followed was celebrated on coins with the legend BEATA TRANQVILLITAS ("The blessed tranquillity"), subsequently abbreviated to BEAT TRANQLITAS, showing an altar inscribed VOTIS XX. Above the altar is a globe, signifying that the whole world was at peace, but not for long. An invading force of Sarmatians under their king Rausimondus were defeated in the province of Pannonia and celebrated on coins of Constantine with SARMATIA DEVICTA ("Sarmatia conquered"). At the same time the two Caesars, Crispus and Constantine Junior celebrated their Quinquennalia on coins with a laurel wreath enclosing the words VOT X and legend CAESARVM NOSATRORVM ("our Caesars"). The vows were suscepta, five years completed and looking forward to the tenth anniversary. A second war against the Visigoths occupied most of AD 323, before Constantine embarked on his final showdown with Licinius, ending with the defeat of Licinius at Chrysopolis in AD 323. Licinius survived until AD 325, when he was executed by Constantine.
1 commentsJohn Schou
Constantine II CampGate 1.jpg
Constantine II- CampGate59 viewsConstantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C

CONSTANTINVS: Constantine
IVN: Junior
NOB: Noble
C: Caesar

Reverse
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS

PROVIDENTIAE: The foresight of our
CAESS: Emperors

Campgate with two turrets, 6 layers stones, star above,


Domination: Copper AE 3, 18- 19 mm

Mint: SMHΔ (Fourth Officina)in ex; Heraclea, mint year 325-326, RIC 77 p.551.
1 commentsJohn Schou
constantine_II_Gloria_Exercitus_two_standards.JPG
Constantine II- Gloria Exercitus37 viewsConstantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

Obverse :
Laureate and cuirassed bust right

CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C

CONSTANTINVS: Constantine
IVN: Junior
NOB: Noble
C: Caesar

Reverse:
GLORIA EXERCITVS, the glory of the army

GLORIA: Glory
EXERCITVS: Army


Two soldiers holding spears and flanking two standards

Domination: Bronze AE 3, 17 mm

Mint: Siscia εSIS (ε= epsilon 5. Th Officina, SIS= Siscia
John S
Constantin_II_GLORIA_EXERCITVS.jpg
Constantine II- GLORIA EXERCITVS56 viewsConstantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

Obverse :
Laureate and cuirassed bust right

CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C

CONSTANTINVS: Constantine
IVN: Junior
NOB: Noble
C: Caesar

Reverse:
GLORIA EXERCITVS, the glory of the army

GLORIA: Glory
EXERCITVS: Army


Two soldiers holding spears and flanking two standards

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 17 mm

Mint: SMHB, Heraclea Β (B= Beta, 2nd Officina)

I can't find officinae B from RIC so it could be unlisted in RIC. It should be in RIC VII 117 Heraclea.
John S
Constantine_II_GLORIA_EXERCITVS_2.jpg
Constantine II- GLORIA EXERCITVS41 viewsConstantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

Obverse :
Laureate and cuirassed bust right

CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C

CONSTANTINVS: Constantine
IVN: Junior
NOB: Noble
C: Caesar

Reverse:
GLORIA EXERCITVS, the glory of the army

GLORIA: Glory
EXERCITVS: Army


Two soldiers each holding spear and shield and flanking one standard with Chi-Rho

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 17 mm

Mint: PLG Prima Lugdunum (Prima= 1st Oficina). Minted before 340 AD. Ref. Lyons VIII Lyons 6. Rarity: Common (C).
John S
Constantine II CampGate better new.jpg
Constantine II- Providentiae Caess-Campgate, Cyzikus35 viewsConstantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate and cuirassed bust left

CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C

CONSTANTINVS: Constantine

IVN: Junior

NOB: Noble

C: Caes

Reverse:

PROVIDENTIAE: Dedicated to the foresight of our Caes.

CAESS: 2 Caes

Showing: Campgate with two turrets, star above, 6 layers stones in the turrets.

Domination: AE 4, Bronze, size 18 mm

Mint: SMK E, SMK (Cyzikus) E (Epsilon,ε= 5)
John Schou
Constantine II- Virtvs Avgvsti.jpg
Constantine II- Virtvs Avgvsti52 viewsConstantine II , 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate, cuirassed bust right.

VICCONSTANTINVSAVG

VIC: The conqueror
CONSTANTINVS: Constantine
AVG: Augustus, emperor


Reverse:
VIRTVSAVGVSTI, The braveness of the emperor

VIRTVS: Braveness
AVGVSTI: The emperor

Constantine II standing, facing, holding spear and resting hand on shield.

Domination: Bronze, size 13 mm

Exe: RP, mint Rome 337-340, 1 st. officina
RIC VIII Rome 4. the exergue is R leaf (probably P) rated as common and it was issued between 9 Sept 337- April 340

The P stands for the officina (P is "prima" or first officina) The leaf stands for nothing more (that I know of) than the Romans penchant for using marks from nature. Lots of marks from nature are employed...leafs, branches, trees etc. Of course there is liable to be plenty of symbolism that we do not recognize.

Additional information:
http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/comm/comm.html
Though RIC calls them common, they're a) not common and b) mostly struck so poorly on wretched little flans that they're hard to read and attribute. Your piece, despite the hardly legible exergue, is well above average!
John Schou
Constantine II- VOT V.jpg
Constantine II- VOT V34 viewsConstantine II , 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate bust right.

CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C

CONSTANTINVS: Constantine
IYN: Junior
NOB: Noble
C: Caesar


Reverse:
CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, our emperor

CAESARVM: Emperor
NOSTRORVM: Our
VOT V in wreath, Vows of the five years


Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 19 mm

Exe: The most common of them would be from Siscia, RIC VII Siscia 163, with ASIS* through to ESIS* in exe. RIC 163

In the Id- section there was a small funny discussion about Constantine being nude, and here is the final answer:

The conventional usage had better be kept, and is as Robert says. Sculpture shows that from the mid-1st century onward, a 'head' showing the naked shoulders (or after c. 100 the pectorals as well), is the 'short' equivalent to a nude or semi-nude (half-draped) statue: i.e., it is at least vaguely divinized. Often, both on the coins and on the sculptures, there was a bit of drapery on one shoulder, which would be the 'short' version of semi-nude. The point is that real, live Romans didn't go around that way; they even wore a tunic under the toga, and we know what they thought about bare feet!
But Head to r. is shorter than Heroic Bust to r. (which many wouldn't understand, anyhow) in listing coins. In discussing a coinage, of course, one may need to discuss some in terms of divinizing or heroizing, but in lists the 'Head' usage is established, more than established; besides, for the Republic it is accurate: family portraits were just heads with little more than the neck.
Pat L.
John Schou
Constantine The Great- Beata Tranqvillitas.jpg
Constantine The Great- Beata Tranqvillitas43 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
Laurete and cuirassed bust right

CONSTANTINVS AVG

CONSTANTINVS: Constantine
AVG: Augustus

Reverse:

BEATA TRANQVILLITAS

BEATA: Divine

TRANQVILLITAS: Peace

Showing: BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, altar inscribe VO/TIS / XX surmounted by globe, three stars above, C left, R right

Domination: Copper, AE 3, size 18-19 mm

Mint: PLC, Lugdunum. RIC VII 131, R4, minted 321.Oficina ???

The uneasy peace that followed was celebrated on coins with the legend BEATA TRANQVILLITAS ("The blessed tranquillity"), subsequently abbreviated to BEAT TRANQLITAS, showing an altar inscribed VOTIS XX. Above the altar is a globe, signifying that the whole world was at peace, but not for long. An invading force of Sarmatians under their king Rausimondus were defeated in the province of Pannonia and celebrated on coins of Constantine with SARMATIA DEVICTA ("Sarmatia conquered"). At the same time the two Caesars, Crispus and Constantine Junior celebrated their Quinquennalia on coins with a laurel wreath enclosing the words VOT X and legend CAESARVM NOSATRORVM ("our Caesars"). The vows were suscepta, five years completed and looking forward to the tenth anniversary. A second war against the Visigoths occupied most of AD 323, before Constantine embarked on his final showdown with Licinius, ending with the defeat of Licinius at Chrysopolis in AD 323.
John Schou
Constantine The Great Camp Gate.jpg
Constantine The Great- CampGate49 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate head right

CONSTAN-TINVS AVG

CONSTAN-TINVS: Constantine
AVG. Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, The foresight of our emperors

PROVIDEN-TIAE: Foresight
AVGG: Emperors

Campgate with two turrets, 6 layers stones and star above.



Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 18 mm

Mint: TR…, Officina ?? Treveri /Trier
John Schou
Constantine I- City of Constantinopolis Commemorative Victory.jpg
Constantine The Great- City of Constantinopolis Commemorative Victory93 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
CONSTAN-TINOPOLI, Constantinopolis' helmeted bust left in imperial cloak and holding scepter across left shoulder

City of Constantinople Commemorative, 334 -335 A.D.

Reverse:
Victory standing left, foot on prow or ship, holding spear and shield. The Constantinopolis coin depicts the foot of Victory on a prow, which is the bow of a ship.

Domination: Silver, Size: 18 mm. Rare to see so much silvering on a Constantinopolis, but it always seems to be Alexandria that it survives on.

Mint: exergue is SMALB (Sacra Moneta ALexandria officina B second officina), which is Alexandria. RIC VII Alexandria 64 r1 A.D. 333-335.

Coin rated: Very Fine
4 commentsJohn Schou
Constantine The Great- City of Rome Commemorative.jpg
Constantine The Great- City of Rome Commemorative40 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
City of Rome Commemorative, 330 - 338 A.D.

Helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial ornamental mantle, visored and crested helmet.

VRBS ROMA, The City of Rome

VRBS: City
ROMA: Rome

Comment:
Much less common than the wolf and twins reverse type.

Reverse:
GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, The glory of the army

GLOR-IA : Glory
EXERC-ITVS: Army

Two soldiers standing facing one another, each holding spear and resting hand on shield on ground, standard in center.


Domination: Bronze AE4, size 15-16 mm

Mint: the last letter its a Δ (Delta, fourth Officina) , if thats so.. RIC VIII Heraclea 28, rated S. 330-333 or 335.

Comments:
There are three possible mints for this coin. It all depends on the third letter.
SMH( ) - Heraclea
SMN( ) - Nicomedia
SMK( ) - Cyzicus

Heraclea had 5 officinae working at this time. Nicomedia had 4 and Cyzicus had 6.
John Schou
Constantine the Great- CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS.jpg
Constantine the Great- CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS44 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS, helmeted, laureate and mantled bust left holding scepter across shoulder
City of Constantinople Commemorative, 335 A.D.


Reverse:
Victory standing left on ship, holding scepter and resting hand on shield

Domination: Bronze AE 3, 17 mm

Mint: exergue is TRP Trier.
Comment:
I'm not so sure on this one, but assuming that the reverse fields are emypty (which they seem to be), I see these three possibilities

Mintmark
TRP Trier RIC VII Trier 523, r3
TRP dot Trier RIC VII Trier 530, c3
TRP* Trier RIC VII Trier 548, c3

Coin rated: Very Fine
2 commentsJohn Schou
Constantine_1_Constantinopolis.JPG
Constantine The Great- Constantinopolis Commemorative21 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS, helmeted, laureate and mantled bust left holding scepter across shoulder
City of Constantinople Commemorative, 335 A.D.
Comment: The obverse legend might be without the, so it is CONSTAN – TINOPOLI.


Reverse:
Victory standing left on ship, holding scepter and resting hand on shield

Domination: Bronze AE 3, 17 mm

Mint: SMHΔ, Heraclea Δ= 4 Officina
John Schou
Constantine_the_Great-_CONSTANTINOPOLIS_Commemorative_3.JPG
Constantine the Great- CONSTANTINOPOLIS Commemorative20 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
CONSTANTINOPOLI, Constantinopolis' helmeted bust left in imperial cloak and holding scepter across left shoulder

Reverse:
Victory standing left on ship, holding scepter and resting hand on shield

Domination: Bronze AE 3, 17 mm

Mint: CONS. Z . ( = Zeta 6.th Officina), Costantinopolis RIC VII Constantinople 86. R4
John S
Constantine The Great- GLORIA EXERCITVS 1.jpg
Constantine The Great- GLORIA EXERCITVS52 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG

CONSTANTINVS: Constantine
MAX: Maximus, the greatest
AVG: Augustus, emperor


Reverse:
GLORIA EXERCITVS, The glory of the army

GLORIA: The glory
EXERCITVS: Army

Two soldiers, each holding spear and shield on ground, flanking two standards

Domination: Bronze AE3, size 17 mm

Mint: CONSΑ ”dot”, Constantinople A (alpha, 1.st Officina).
Could be:
RIC VII Constantinople 73 CONSA dot or RIC VII Constantinople 80 dot CONSA dot. Hard to say which being the dot could be cut off on flan- both are rated r2
John Schou
Constantine The Great- GLORIA EXERCITVS new.jpg
Constantine The Great- Gloria EXERCITVS59 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG

CONSTANTINVS: Constantine

MAX: Maximus,

AVG: Augustus

Reverse:

GLORIA EXERCITVS

GLORIA. Glory
EXERCITVS: Army

Showing: Two helmeted soldiers holding spears and shields on ground flanking two standards

Domination: Bronze, AE 3, size 18 mm

Mint: SMANΓ ANTIOCH and Gamma Γ(Gamma = 3)
John Schou
Constantine_The_Great_GLORIA_EXERCITVS_1.JPG
Constantine The Great- GLORIA EXERCITVS22 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG

CONSTANTINVS: Constantine
MAX: Maximus, the great
AVG: Augustus, emperor


Reverse:
GLORIA EXERCITVS, the glory of the army

GLORIA: Glory
EXERCITVS: Army

Two soldiers, each holding spear and shield on ground, flanking two standards

Domination: Bronze AE 3, diameter 18 mm

Mint: SMTSB, Thessalonica mint, 330 - 333 A.D, RIC VII Thessalonica 183. C
Comment: I am not sure about exe.
John S
Constantine The Great- IOVI CONSERVATORI new.jpg
Constantine The Great- IOVI Conservatori29 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust
IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG

IMP : Imperator,
C: Caesar
FL: Flavius
VAL: Valentinus
CONSTANTINVS: Constantine
P F: Pius Felix ,
AVG: Augustus,


Reverse:
IOVI CONSERVATORI

IOVI: Jupiter
CONSERVATORI: Preserver

Showing: Jupiter standing left with chlamys,naked, holding Victory on a globe & scepter, eagle left with wreath in it's beak & bound captive right at foot, XIIΓto right (XIIΓ=12.5), and star above.

Domination: Bronze, AE3 size 18 mm

Mint: SMK-- Cyzikus-- ∆ (Alpha)
John Schou
Constantin_I_IOVI_CONSERVATORI.jpg
Constantine The Great- IOVI CONSERVATORI26 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
Obverse:
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust

IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG

IMP : Imperator,
C: Caesar
CONSTANTINVS: Constantine
P F: Pius Felix ,
AVG: Augustus,


Reverse:
IOVI CONSERVATORI

IOVI: Jupiter
CONSERVATORI: Preserver

Showing: Jupiter standing left with chlamys,naked, holding Victory on a globe & scepter, eagle left with wreath in it's beak & bound captive right at foot

Domination: Bronze folli, size 20 mm

Mint: . TS . Β . , Thessalonica Β (Beta is 2nd officina), RIC VII 19 Thessalonica,
317-318 AD

This type is interesting because although it features Jupiter (who you'd associate with the eastern emperors), it was actually issued by Constantine - Thessalonica being the only mint where Jupiter displaced Sol on his coins. This appears to be a case of "border politics" since Constantine had just aquired the territory including Thessalonica in his civil war with Licinius, and now wanted to make nice (as also witnessed by their joint elevation and recognition of the caesars).
One Could also lookout for this same type but with the title of "INV AVG" (INVictus = Invincible) for Constantine which appears to have been issued during wartime.

John S
Constantine The Great- Marti.jpg
Constantine The Great- Marti54 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:Laureate and cuirassed bust right
CONSTANTINVS PF AVG

CONSTANTINVS: Contantine
PF: Pius Felix,
AVG: Agustus,

Reverse:
MARTI CONSERVATORI

MARTI: Mars
CONSERVATORI: Preserver

Showing: Mars with helm, in military dress, and with the cloak spead out. Mars stands left and lokks right. Mars holds a reverse spear in right hand ond a shield in on the ground at left. There is a T at left and F at left across the reverse.

Domination: Follis, Bronze, size 20 mm
Mint: PTR-- (Prima) , TR (Trier)

1 commentsJohn Schou
Constantine The Great- Posthumous 3.jpg
Constantine The Great- Posthumous commemorative Aequitas75 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
Constantine with veiled bust right

DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG

DV: Divus, Divine (acclaimed a deity), Divus was applied to consecrated deceased rulers.
CONSTANTI-NVS: Constantine
PT: Pather, farther (is used with AVGG)
AVGG: Augustus, more than one emperor

Reverse:

IVST VENER MEMOR

IVST: IVSTITA, The personification of justice.
VENER: Venerabilis (revered memory)
MEMOR: MEMORIA, memory

IVST (JUST) means just in the sense of fair, so the legend means "justly venerated memory".

VENER MEMOR/ VNMR (revered memory) was used on the consecration coins of Constantine the Great.

Aequitas standing left holding scales and a scepter. She's also winged on this coin.

Domination: Bronze, AE 4, Size 14 mm. Posthumous commemorative for Constantine the Great

Mint: SMALΓ, Alexandria, Oficina=Γ Gamma (3rd Oficina). The choices for this time period at Alexandria are - A /α (Alpha, first), B /β (Beta, second), (Gamma/Γ, third) and (Delta /Δ,forth).

The coin is dedicated to Constantine The Great by one of his sons from 341 to 347AD

The attribution is RIC VIII Alexandria 28, minted in 345-347. RIC rates the coin as merely "scarce", but perhaps that's rather an understatement!
John Schou
Constantine The Great- Posthumous.jpg
Constantine The Great- Posthumous commemorative Aequitas61 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
Constantine with veiled bust right

DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG

DV: Divus, Divine (acclaimed a deity), Divus was applied to consecrated deceased rulers.
CONSTANTI-NVS: Constantine
PT: Pather, farther (is used with AVGG)
AVGG: Augustus, more than one emperor

Reverse:

IVST VENER MEMOR

IVST: IVSTITA, The personification of justice.
VENER: Venerabilis (revered memory)
MEMOR: MEMORIA, memory

IVST (JUST) means just in the sense of fair, so the legend means "justly venerated memory".

VENER MEMOR/ VNMR (revered memory) was used on the consecration coins of Constantine the Great.

Aequitas standing left holding scales and a scepter. She's also winged on this coin.

Domination: Bronze, AE 4, Size 14 mm. Posthumous commemorative for Constantine the Great

Mint: SMALΓ, Alexandria, Oficina=Γ Gamma (3rd Oficina). The choices for this time period at Alexandria are - A /α (Alpha, first), B /β (Beta, second), (Gamma/Γ, third) and (Delta /Δ,forth).

The coin is dedicated to Constantine The Great by one of his sons from 341 to 347AD

The attribution is RIC VIII Alexandria 28, minted in 345-347. RIC rates the coin as merely "scarce", but perhaps that's rather an understatement!
John Schou
Constantine The Great- Posthumous Quadriga.jpg
Constantine The Great- Posthumous commemorative Quadriga59 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
Constantine I with veiled bust right

DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG

DV: Divus, Divine (acclaimed a deity), Divus was applied to consecrated deceased rulers.
CONSTANTI-NVS: Constantine
PT: Pather, farther (is used with AVGG)
AVGG: Augustus, more than one emperor


Reverse:

Constantine The Great, veiled, in quadriga right, star above, the hand of God reaches down to him.

Domination: Bronze AE 4, size 15-16 mm

Mint: SMAN= Antioch, S (S= Secunda Oficina). Minted 337-340 AD. RIC VIII, 37, Rated C3.
Posthumous commemorative for Constantine the Great

Comment:
It might not be an S on exergue, but a ς (stigma), 6th officina.
East provinces, like Antiochia, used greek numerals.
John Schou
Constantine I- Posthumous Quadriga 1.jpg
Constantine The Great- Posthumous Commemorative Quadriga58 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
Constantine The Great with veiled bust right

DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG

DV: Divus, Divine (acclaimed a deity), Divus was applied to consecrated deceased rulers.
CONSTANTI-NVS: Constantine
PT: Pather, farther (is used with AVGG)
AVGG: Augustus, more than one emperor

Reverse:

Constantine The Great, veiled, in quadriga right, star above, the hand of God reaches down to him.

Domination: Bronze AE 4, size 15 mm

Mint: SMH= Heraclea, Officina??, RIC VIII Heraclea 13

Posthumous commemorative for Constantine the Great
John Schou
Constantine I- Posthumous VNMR.jpg
Constantine The Great- Posthumous Commemorative VNMR49 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
ConstantineThe Great with veiled bust right

DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG

DV: Divus, Divine (acclaimed a deity), Divus was applied to consecrated deceased rulers.
CONSTANTI-NVS: Constantine
PT: Pather, farther (is used with AVGG)
AVGG: Augustus, more than one emperor

Reverse:

VN MR (VENER MEMOR) across the reverse side of the coin.

VENER MEMOR

VENER: Venerabilis (revered memory)
MEMOR: MEMORIA, memory

VENER MEMOR/ VNMR (revered memory) was used on the consecration coins of Constantine the Great.

Constantine The Great, veiled and right, raising hand.

Domination: Bronze AE 4, size 13 mm

Mint: SMHΓ = Heraclea Γ= Gamma (Third Officina). Struck 347-348, RIC VIII

Posthumous commemorative for Constantine the Great
John Schou
Constantin_I_PROVIDENTIAE.jpg
Constantine The Great- PROVIDENTIAE AVGG19 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
Head right witn plain diadem
(note the plain diadem instead of laurel wreath)

CONSTAN-TINVS AVG

CONSTAN-TINVS: Constantine
AVG. Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, The foresight of our emperors

PROVIDEN-TIAE: Foresight
AVGG: Emperors

Campgate with two turrets, 6 layers stones and star above.

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 19 mm

Mint: CYZICUS, RIC VII CYZICUS 55.
Comment: NOT IN RIC http://www.notinric.prv.pl
John S
Constantine II CampGate better.jpg
Constantine The Great- Providentiae Caess-Campgate, Trier31 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate head, draped, and cuirassed bust right.

CONSTANTINVS AVGG

CONSTANTINVS: Constantine
AVGG: Augustus, more than one emperor



Reverse:

PROVIDENTIAE CAESS

PROVIDENTIAE: Foresight of our
CAESS: Caesars

Campgate with two turrets, star above, 6 (8) layers stones in the turrets.

Domination: Bronce AE 3, size 18 mm

Mint: Trier. The turrets are very distinctive to Trier mint, oversized and rounded. Also, Trier campgates almost always have 6 rows, which this one seems to have.Oficina ???

RIC VII Trier 504 or 509





John Schou
Constantine The Great Romulus and Remus.jpg
Constantine The Great- Romulus and Remus54 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
Helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle
VRBS ROMA: VRBS City, ROMA Rome, City of Rome
City of Rome Commemorative, 334 - 335 A.D.


Reverse:
Romulus and Remus suckling from wolf, two stars above

Domination: Bronze AE 3, 17 mm

Mint: exergue is • Γ SIS• Sisicia 3.rd Officina (Γ Gamma). RIC VII Siscia 222, C3, very common.

Coin rated: Very Fine
1 commentsJohn Schou
Constantine I- VOT XX.jpg
Constantine The Great- VOT XX33 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse
Laureate head right

CONSTANTINVS AVG

CONSTANTINVS: Constantine
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse
D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG, around wreath enclosing VOT / XX; Our Lord Constantine The Greart, Emperor, (VOT / XX ) Indicating 20 years of vows to the gods.

D N: Dominus Noster, our lord
CONSTANTINI: Constantine
MAX: Maximus, the Great
AVG: Emperor


VOT: Vota: Vows
XX: 20 years

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 19 mm

Mint: PT in exergue Prima TICINUM, 1. st Officina, RIC VII TICINUM 140, rarity C2 (very common), year 320-321
John Schou
Constantine 1- Vot XX 1.jpg
Constantine The Great- Vot XX38 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse
Laureate head right

CONSTANTINVS AVG

CONSTANTINVS: Constantine
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse
D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG, around wreath enclosing VOT / XX; Our Lord Constantine The Greart, Emperor, (VOT / XX ) Indicating 20 years of vows to the gods.

D N: Dominus Noster, our lord
CONSTANTINI: Constantine
MAX: Maximus, the Great
AVG: Emperor


VOT: Vota: Vows
XX: 20 years

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 18 mm

Mint: RQ, Rome mint, Q= quarta fourth Officina, minted 321 A.D. RIC VII Rome 237 c3, considered VF (very Fine).
John Schou
Constantine_I__Vot_XX.jpg
Constantine The Great- VOT XX25 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate head right

CONSTANTINVS AVG

CONSTANTINVS: Constantine
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG, around wreath enclosing VOT / XX
Our Lord Constantine The Greart, Emperor, (VOT / XX ) Indicating 20 years of vows to the gods.

D N: Dominus Noster, our lord
CONSTANTINI: Constantine
MAX: Maximus, the Great
AVG: Emperor

VOT: Vota: Vows
XX: 20 years

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 19 mm

Mint: RQ, Rome mint, Q= quarta fourth Officina, minted 321 A.D. RIC VII ROME 237
John S
Constantin_I_Vot_XXX_c.jpg
Constantine the Great- VOT XXX25 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse
Laureate head right

CONSTANTINVS AVG

CONSTANTINVS: Constantine
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse
D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG,
Around wreath enclosing VOT / XXX; Our Lord Constantine The Greart, Emperor, (VOT / XXX ) Indicating 30 years of vows to the gods.

D N: Dominus Noster, our lord
CONSTANTINI: Constantine
MAX: Maximus, the Great
AVG: Emperor

VOT: Vota: Vows
XXX: 30 years

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 19 mm

Mint: SMH Γ, Heraclea Γ is third Oficina (Γ= 3 rd Oficina). RIC VII 82G(amma), R2
John S
Constantius Gallus- Fel Temp Reparatio.jpg
Constantius Gallus- Fel Temp Reparatio33 viewsConstantius Gallus, Caesar 28 September 351 - winter 354 A.D.

Constantius Gallus was a cousin of Constantius II and was made Caesar in 351 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces while Constantius II was in the West. His rule was so harsh and cruel that Constantius recalled him to Milan, and then had him arrested and executed before he reached Italy.


Obverse:
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES

DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
CONSTANTI-VS: Constantius
NOB: Noble, nobel
CAES: Caesar

Reverse
FEL TEMP – REPARATIO, Happy times are here again

FEL: Felix, happy
TEMP: Time
REPARATIO: Restoration

Gamma in left field, the Gamma in field is a control mark.


Large soldier lunging to spear small horseman (Persian) who is leaning back to ward of the spear as his horse is tumbling over his head. The horseman has lost his shield on the ground right.

Domination: Bronze AE , size 21 mm

Mint: ANH, Antioch, RIC # 137, listed as common, struck 350-355
John Schou
Constantius Gallus- Fel Temp Reparatio 2.jpg
Constantius Gallus- Fel Temp Reparatio30 viewsConstantius Gallus, Caesar 28 September 351 - winter 354 A.D.

Obverse:
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

DN CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES

DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
CONSTANTI-VS: Constantius
NOB: Noble, nobel
CAES: Caesar

Reverse
FEL TEMP – REPARATIO, Happy times are here again

FEL: Felix, happy
TEMP: Time
REPARATIO: Restoration



Large soldier lunging to spear small horseman (Persian) who is leaning back to ward of the spear as his horse is tumbling over his head. The horseman has lost his shield on the ground right.

Domination: Bronze AE3 , size 18 mm

Mint: H, Heraclea, listed as common, struck 348

John Schou
Constantius I Concordia Militium.jpg
Constantius I- Concordia Militium42 viewsConstantius I, May 305 - 25 Jul 306 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES

FL: Flavius
VAL: Valentinus
CONSTANTINVS:
NOB: Noble
CAES: Caes

Reverse:
CONCORDIA MILITVM

CONCORDIA: Concord
MILITVM: Military

Constantius standing right receiving victory on globe from Jupiter standing left.


Domination: Copper post-reform radiate, AE 3, Size 21 mm.

Mint: ALE for Alexandria. Officiana marking could be either A (Alpha first Oficina) or Δ = Delta is fourth Oficina. Rarity listed as C

I would venture to say it is RIC 48a of Alexandria struck 296-297
John Schou
Constantius II Fel  Temp Reparatio  .jpg
Constantius II Fel Temp Reparatio38 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.


Obverse:
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

D N CONSTAN - TIVS P F AVG

D N: Dominus Noster, our lord
CONSTANTIVS: Constantinus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
FEL TEMP RE - PARATIO / happy times are here again

FEL: Happy
TEMP: Time
REPARATIO: Restoration

Soldier spearing fallen horseman.

Domination: Bronze AE3, size 14 mm

Mint: Ale Γ Alexandria, 3 Officina (Γ Gamma= 3) struck 348-351 AD.
Comment:
According to Helvetica's spreadsheets it should be Alexandria 82 (Constantius II).
And ALE in exergue, and only 14 mm and RIC 44 and 80 are both bigger I'm pretty sure about this Alexandria 82
John Schou
Constantius II Gloria Excercitvs.jpg
Constantius II Gloria Excercitvs37 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Pearl diademed head right

Obverse:
CONSTAN-TIVS AVG

CONSTAN-TIVS: Constantius
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS

GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS :The glory of the army

Two soldiers helmeted, standing facing one another, reversed spear in outer hands, inner hands on shields resting on the ground; between them one standard.
omination: Bronze AE3, size 14 mm

Mint: SMKA Cyzikus, ( A alpha) is the 1st officina. RIC VIII, Cyzicus 17, rated R.
John Schou
Constantius II SPES REI-PVBLICE 1.jpg
Constantius II SPES REI-PVBLICE28 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Obverse:

Head right, bust draped, cuirassed, and perl-diademed.

DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF

DN: Dominus Noster
CONSTAN-TIVS: Constantius
PF: Pius Felix

Reverse:

SPES REI-PVBLICE, The faith of the republic

SPES: Faith/ hope
REI-PVBLICE: Republic

Emperor helmeted in military dress standing left holding globe in right and spear in left

Domination: Bronze, AE 4, size 15 mm

Mint: Maybe Alexandria
John S
Constantius II Victoriae DD Avgg NN.jpg
Constantius II Victoriae DD Avgg NN35 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Obverse:
Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

CONSTANTI - VS PF AVG

CONSTANTI – VS: Constantius
PF: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN
'The victories of our lords the emperors'

VICTORIAE: Victories
DD: Dominus Noster
AVGGQ: emperors
NN: Nost—Nostrorvm

Note - Doubled letters used as plurals, e.g. one ruler is AUG and two agusti AUGG, one Caesar is CAES and two is CAESS, or D N vs D D N N where N N is read as "our".

Two victories facing one another, each holding a wreath and palm frond, palm branch upright in centre field.


Domination: Bronze AE3, size 16 mm,

Mint: SIS Δ, Sisicia, Officina Δ= Delta 4, RIC VIII Siscia 194 rated c2
John S
Constantius II- Fel Temp Raparatio 1C.jpg
Constantius II- Fel Temp Raparatio49 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust right

Obverse:
D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG,

D N: Dominus Noster, our lord
CONSTANTIVS: Constantinus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
FEL TEMP REPARATIO, happy times are here again. Soldier spearing fallen horseman

FEL: Happy
TEMP: Time
REPARATIO: Restoration


Domination: Bronze AE3, size 16 mm

Mint: CONS Γ, Constantinopolis, Γ 3.rd Officina (Perhaps the last letter could be a Gamma), RIC VIII, Thessalonica 192; LRBC 1683; struck 25. Dec. 350-6. Nov. 355; Scarce
The reverse type is F3 stretching.
John Schou
Constantius_II-_Fel_Temp_Raparatio_8.JPG
Constantius II- Fel Temp Raparatio21 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Obverse:
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

D N CONSTAN - TIVS P F AVG

D N: Dominus Noster, our lord
CONSTANTIVS: Constantius
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
FEL TEMP RE - PARATIO / happy times are here again

FEL: Happy
TEMP: Time
REPARATIO: Restoration

Soldier spearing fallen horseman.

Domination: Bronze AE3, size 14 mm

Mint Siscia, SIS (Officina ?)
John S
Constantius_II-_Fel_Temp_Raparatio_9.JPG
Constantius II- Fel Temp Raparatio22 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.


Obverse:
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

D N CONSTAN - TIVS P F AVG

D N: Dominus Noster, our lord
CONSTANTIVS: Constantius
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
FEL TEMP RE - PARATIO / happy times are here again

FEL: Happy
TEMP: Time
REPARATIO: Restoration

Soldier spearing fallen horseman.

Domination: Bronze AE3, size 14 mm

Mint Constantinople, CON (Officina ?)
Comment: I am not sure it is CON
John S
Constantius II- FEL TEMP REPARATIO (2) new.jpg
Constantius II- Fel Temp Reparatio38 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Obverse:

Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right

DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG

DN: Dominus Noster,

CONSTANTIVS: Constatius

PF: Pius Felix , den fromme og lykkelige

AVG: Augustus, kejser

Reverse:
FEL TEMP REPARATIO

FEL: Happy
TEMP: Times
REPARATIO: Restoration

Showing: Soldier spearing fallen horseman clutching horse's neck

Domination: Copper, AE 3, size 18 mm

Mint: SMK (Cyzicus)
John Schou
Constantius II- Fel Temp Reparatio 3.jpg
Constantius II- Fel Temp Reparatio38 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust left holding globe in right hand

obverse:
D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG,

D N: Dominus Noster, our lord
CONSTANTIVS: Constantinus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

reverse:
FEL TEMP REPARATIO, happy times are here again

FEL: Happy
TEMP: Time
REPARATIO: Restoration

Constantius standing left holding standard (chi rho Christogram banner) and resting left hand on shield, two captives kneeling at feet on left

Domination: Bronze Centionalis AE2, size 23mm

Mint: The exergue should be CONSA* (A Aplha 1. st Officina) or CONSB* (B Beta 2 rd. Officina) or CONS Γ * (Γ 3.rd Officina). Its RIC VIII Constantinople 89, rated common.
John Schou
Constantius II- Fel Temp Reparatio 4.jpg
Constantius II- Fel Temp Reparatio32 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust left holding globe in right hand

Obverse:
D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG,

D N: Dominus Noster, our lord
CONSTANTIVS: Constantinus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
FEL TEMP REPARATIO, happy times are here again.Soldier spearing fallen horseman

FEL: Happy
TEMP: Time
REPARATIO: Restoration

He is kind of indistinct in the photo but looks like he is looking back towards the spearman and reaching out.

Domination: Bronze AE3, size 16 mm

Mint: SMTSA, Thessalonika 1.st Officina, with M in the left field. Helvetica's spreadsheets indicate that the coin would be RIC 208.
John Schou
Constantivs II- Fel Temp Reparatio 4.JPG
Constantius II- Fel Temp Reparatio37 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Obverse:
pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

D N CONSTAN - TIVS P F AVG

D N: Dominus Noster, our lord
CONSTANTIVS: Constantinus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
FEL TEMP RE - PARATIO / CONSA, happy times are here again

FEL: Happy
TEMP: Time
REPARATIO: Restoration

Soldier spearing fallen horseman. In left field Γ (dot)

Domination: Bronze AE3, size 16 mm

Mint: Constantinopolis, Centenionalis, struck 346-354 AD.
John Schou
Constantius II- Gloria Excercitvs 2.jpg
Constantius II- Gloria Excercitvs29 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Pearl diademed head right

Obverse:
CONSTAN-TIVS AVG

CONSTAN-TIVS: Constantius
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS

GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS :The glory of the army

Two soldiers helmeted, standing facing one another, reversed spear in outer hands, inner hands on shields resting on the ground; between them one standard. There are dots to the left and right of the top of the banner.

Domination: Bronze AE4, size 15 mm

Mint: SMANBI Antioch, ( BI beta iota) is the 12th officina. RIC VIII Antioch 54
John Schou
Constantius II- GLORIA EXERCITVS new.jpg
Constantius II- Gloria Exercitvs34 viewsConstantius- Gloria Exercitvs

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Obverse:Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed head right
IMP CONSTANTIVS AVG

IMP: Imperator,
CONSTANTIVS: Constantius
AVG: Augustus

Reverse:
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS

PROVIDENTIAE: The foresight
CAESS: 2 Emperors

Showing: Two soldiers holding spears and shields on ground flanking standard. There is an “o” in the standard, which is typically for the period og Consantius II.

Domination: Bronze, size 16 mm

Mint: P (Prima) Const (Constatina)
John Schou
FL_IVL_CONSTANTIUS_II_GLORIA_EXERCITVS.JPG
CONSTANTIUS II- GLORIA EXERCITVS26 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.



Obverse:
Pearl diademed head right

CONSTANTIVS PF AVG

CONSTANTIVS: Constantius
PF: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
GLOR - IA EXERC – ITVS, The glory of the army

GLORIA: Glory
EXERVITVS: Army

Two soldiers helmeted, standing facing one another, reversed spear in outer hands, inner hands on shields resting on the ground; between them one standard.

Domination: Bronze AE3, size 14 mm


Mint: With this obverse legend possible for Arles, Lyon, Siscia, Thessalonica and Trier. I suppose SIS for Siscia.

John S
Constantius II- SPES REIPVBLICE new.jpg
Constantius II- SPES REIPVBLICE48 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Obverse:

Head right, bust draped, cuirassed, and perl-diademed.

DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF

DN: Dominus Noster
CONSTAN-TIVS: Constantius
PF: Pius Felix

Reverse:

SPES REI-PVBLICE

SPES: Faith/ hope
REI-PVBLICE: Republic

Emperor helmeted in military dress standing left holding globe in right and spear in left

Domination: Bronze, AE 4, size 15 mm

Mint: ANB, Antiochia. In RIC VIII it is listed as Antiochia 193; dated 6 Nov.355-3 Nov.361; scarce
John Schou
Constantius II Victoriae.jpg
Constantius II- Victoria38 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.


Obverse:
Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

CONSTANTI - VS PF AVG

CONSTANTI – VS: Constantius
PF: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN
'The victories of our lords the emperors'

VICTORIAE: Victories
DD: Dominus Noster
AVGGQ: emperors
NN: Nost—Nostrorvm

Note - Doubled letters used as plurals, e.g. one ruler is AUG and two agusti AUGG, one Caesar is CAES and two is CAESS, or D N vs D D N N where N N is read as "our".

Two victories facing one another, each holding a wreath and palm frond, dot in center.

Domination: Bronze AE3/4, size 15 mm,

Mint: SMTS Δ = Thessalonica, Δ = Delta is fourth Oficina in ex. Dated 347-348; rarity C2.
RIC VIII, Thessalonica 99; LRBC. 859

Ex Aiello Collection. The center dot is a remnant from using a compass for centering during the die engraving process. Center dots such as this are not considered part of the design and are not included in RIC descriptions.

Comments:
RIC 100 is not possible, for that would be CONSTANS - PF AVG. And for the dot as mint symbol there is no information in RIC. I think it is only a centration dimple.

On Dane's spreadsheet she indicates a dot in the center for some issues and other issues have double dots. For example RIC IX, 57 does indicate the dots and double dots.
Here is what Hill and Kent, in Late Roman Bronze Coinage has to say about the dot between the two Victories:
The central dot which is sometimes regarded as a distinguishing sign of a separate mint-mark seems to be merely operational, such as those which are frequently seen in this and the Gloria (two standards) types.
John Schou
Constantius II- VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN 1.jpg
Constantius II- VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN23 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Obverse:

Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

CONSTANTI - VS PF AVG

CONSTANTI – VS: Constantius
PF: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN
'The victories of our lords the emperors'

VICTORIAE: Victories
DD: Dominus Noster
AVGGQ: emperors
NN: Nost—Nostrorvm

Note - Doubled letters used as plurals, e.g. one ruler is AVG and two agusti AVGG, one Caesar is CAES and two is CAESS, or D N vs D D N N where N N is read as "our".

Two victories facing one another, each holding a wreath and palm frond.Dot in center.

Domination: Bronze AE3, size 16 mm,

Mint: SMTSA, Thessalonic mint, 347-348 A.D. The coin is scarce (page 411), RIC VIII, 102
John S
Constantius_II_VOT_XX_MVLT_XXX.jpg
Constantius II- VOT XX MVLT XXX56 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Obverse:

Pearl-diademed head right

D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG

D N: Dominus Noster, Our Lord
CONSTANTIVS: Constantius
P F: Pius felix
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:

VOT XX MVLT XXX in wreath
Votis decennalibus (solutis), granting the request and obliged the vower to fulfil his promise for 20 years, and expecting 30 years more


VOT : Votis decennalibus (solutis),

X X: 20

MVLT: multis vicennalibus (susceptis),

XXX: 30

Domination: Bronze AE3, size 15 mm
Mint: ?
John S
Constantius II VOT.jpg
Constantius II- VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX31 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Obverse:

Pearl-diademed head right

D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG

D N: Dominus Noster, Our Lord
CONSTANTIVS: Constantius
P F: Pius felix
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:

VOT XX MVLT XXX in wreath
VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX

VOT : 'Votis decennalibus (solutis),

X X: 20

MVLT: multis vicennalibus (susceptis),

XXX: 30

Domination: Bronze AE 4, size 15 mm

Mint: ??

Vota (plural of votum). A vow made to a god in order to obtain a divine favour stipulated in advance. The granting of the request obliged the vower to fulfil his promise. This usually took the form of a sacrifice to the deity or an offering to his (or her) temple. Public vota in Imperial times were normally for the welfare of the emperor over a stated period of time (five or ten years) and were regularly undertaken (vota suscepta) and hopefully paid (vota soluta). Sometimes they were more specific, relating to the safety of the emperor on a particularly hazardous journey or military campaign, or the current state of his health. The undertaking and fulfillment of these public vows was frequently recorded on the coinage and in the late Empire especially may provide useful evidence for the chronological arrangement of issues


John Schou
Constantius II- FEL TEMP REPARATIO (1) new.jpg
Constatius II- Fel Temp Reparatio28 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Obverse:Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right
DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG

DN: Dominus Noster,

CONSTANTIVS: Constatius

PF: Pius Felix ,

AVG: Augustus, kejser

Reverse:
FEL TEMP REPARATIO

FEL: Happy
TEMP: Times
REPARATIO: Restoration

Showing: Soldier spearing fallen horseman clutching horse's neck


Domination: Copper, AE 3, size 18 mm

Mint: SMK (Cyzicus)
John Schou
Crispa IVNO.jpg
Crispina- IVNO LVCINA41 viewsCrispina, wife of Commodus, Augusta 178 -182 A.D.

Obverse:

CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair knotted in a bun in back

CRISPINA AVGVSTA

CRISPINA: Crispina
AVGVSTA: Augusta

Reverse:

IVNO LVCINA S C,

IVNO: Juno, goddess
LVCINA: Light
S C: Senatus Consulto


IVNO LVCINA (Goddess of light) S C, Juno standing left, holding patera (a bowl used to pour libations) and scepter

Domination:Middlle Bronze, Orichalcum Sstertius/ Dupondius, 25 mm

Mint: Rom
John Schou
Crispus Providentiae Caess.jpg
Crispus Providentiae Caess24 viewsCrispus, Caesar 317 - 326 A.D.

Crispus, laureate consular bust left, holding mappa and sceptre

Obverse:
DN FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES

DN: Dominus Nostre
FL: Flavius
IVL: Julius
CRISPVS: Crispus
NOB: Noble
CAESS: Caesars (more than one emperor)

Reverse:
PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, Dedicated the foresight of our emperors

PROVIDEN-TIAE: Dedicated the foresight of our
CAESS: emperors

Campgate with three turrets

Bronze AE 3, size 20 mm

Mint: MHTΓ Heraclea, Officina Γ = Gamma 3, full legend is dot MHT Γ dot, making it RIC 23
John S
Crispus_PROVIDENTIAE_c.jpg
Crispus- PROVIDENTIAE CAESS17 viewsCrispus, Caesar 317 - 326 A.D.

Laureate draped and cuirassed bust left

Obverse:
CRISPVS NOBIL C

CRISPVS: Crispus
NOBIL: Nobilissimo, the most honorable
C: Caesari, caesar

Crispus the most honorable Caesar

Reverse:
PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, Dedicated the foresight of our emperors

PROVIDEN-TIAE: Dedicated the foresight of our
CAESS: emperors

Campgate with two turrets, star above

Bronze AE 3, size 18 mm

Mint: T star AR, T (tertia = 3rd officina) star (emission sign) AR (Arelate)., RIC VII Arles 270 R3, minted 324-325
Comment: A rare coin of Crispus
John S
Diocletian- Genio POPVLI ROMANI 1.jpg
Diocletian- Genio POPVLI ROMANI19 viewsDiocletianus, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D

Laureate and cuirassed bust right

Obverse: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
DIOCLETIANVS: Diocletian
AVG: Augustus, emperor


Reverse: GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, A dedication to the Genius of the Roman Public. This type commemorates the spirit of Rome as well as the unique character of the Roman people.

GENIO: Ginius
POP-VLI: Public
ROMANI: Roman
Genius, naked but for chlamys, modius on head, standing left, pouring libations from patera over altar, cornucopia in left hand

Domination: Bronze follis, size 25- 26 mm

Mint: P* in exe making it RIC VI Rome 34a (Rated C by RIC).
John Schou
Diocletianus- SALVIS new.jpg
Diocletianus- Salvis34 viewsDiocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D.

Obverse:Laureate head right
IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG

IMP: Imperator

DIOCLETIANVS, Diocletianus

PF, PIUS FELIX,

AVG: Augustus,

Reverse:
SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART

Salvis Augustis et Caesaribus Karthago felix

Showing: Carthago standing left holding up fruits in both hands

Domination: Follis, Bronze, size 26 mm

Mint: A, Carthage
John Schou
Domitian.jpg
Domitian- VIRTVTI35 viewsDomitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.


Obverse:
Laureate bust right with aegis

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XIII CENS PERP PP

IMP: Imperator, general
CAES: Caesar, emperor
DOMIT: Domitian
AVG: Augustus, emperor
GERM: Germanicus
COS: Consul
XIII: 8 or XVI
CENS: Censor
PERP: Perpetuus
PP: PATER PATRIAE, the farther of the country. A title given to him by the Senatus.


Reverse:

VIRTVTI AVGVSTI SC

VIRTVTI: Virtus
AVGVSTI: Augusti
S—C: Senatus Consulto, decret of the senate

Comment:
CENS PERP: The censor gave Vº Bº a certain works from the Senate (Censor Perpetuus / Censoria Potestate). Late in 85 A.D he made himself Censor Perpetuus (Censor for life), with a general supervision of conduct and morals.


Virtus standing right, left foot on a helmet, holding spear and parazonium (a dagger)

Domination: Copper, AS, size 28 mm

Mint: Rome, struck 87. A.D.

Comment:
I can't decide what number of TRP it is!
If the obverse legend is as follows, as I suggest:

a) IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XIII CENS PERP PP or
b) IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XVI CENS PERP PP
then it would be
a) RIC II, 356a; C.650; dated AD 87; common
b) RIC II, 409; C.658; dated AD 92-94; common

BTW XIII = 13, XVI = 16
John Schou
Faustina Junior CONSECRATIO S C .JPG
Faustina Junior CONSECRATIO S C 16 viewsFaustina Junior, Augusta 146 - winter 175/176 A.D, wife of Marcus Aurelius

Obverse:
Draped bust right
DIVA FAVSTINA PIA

DIVA: Divine
FAVSTINA: Faustina
PIA:


Reverse:
CONSECRATIO S C

CONSECRATIO: Consecrate
S C: Senate Consultu, By decree of the Senate

Large altar

Domination: Bronze Sestertius, size 27 mm

Mint: Rom, during the years 161-180 A.D . BMC 1579; Coh. 76; RIC 1706.
John S
Faustina_Junior_venus.jpg
Faustina Junior VENVS6 viewsFaustina Junior, Augusta 146 - winter 175/176 A.D, wife of Marcus Aurelius

Obverse:
Draped bust right
FAVSTINA AVGVSTA

FAVSTINA: Faustina
AVGVSTA: Empress

Reverse:
VENVS

VENVS: Venus
Venus standing left, holding apple & sceptre.

Domination: Denarius (silver), size 15 mm

Mint: Rom,
John S
Galerius- GENIO AVGVSTI CMH new.jpg
Galerius- Genio32 viewsGalerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.

Obverse:Laureate head right
IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG

IMP: Imperator,
C: Caes,
GAL: Galerius
MAXIMIANVS: Maximianus
PF: Pius Felix
AVG: Agustus

Reverse:
GENIO AVGVSTI CMH

Genio: Genius
AVGVSTI: Agustus
CMH: ??

Showing:Genius standing left holding patera in right and cornucopia in left


Domination: Follis, Bronze, size 25 mm

Mint: SMN (Nicomedia) A (alpha)

CMH:

In his book Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294-364 AD., Failmezger proposes the following definition for CMH:

"At the same time, the weight of the bronze coins dropped and 48 coins are now struck to the pound. The mint of Nicomedia issues coins with CMH added as a suffix to the legend on the reverse. This may be interpreted taht this coin has a value of 100 (C- centum) sestertii struck at a new weight of 48 to the pound (Greek letter M for 40, Greek letter H for. This may further support the 25 DC value of the coin theory (see #'s 191, 192, 199, 200, 211, 213). The continued use of CMH at the mint of Cyzicus in the year 311 AD may mean that even thought the weight of the nummus was reduced again from 48 to 72 to the pound, the value remianed constant at 100 sestertii or 25 DC (#192)."

He does say that this is just speculation and that alternative views may be possible.
John Schou
Galerius- Sacra Monet AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR.jpg
Galerius- Sacra Monet AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR30 viewsGalerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.


Obverse:
Laurete head right

MAXIMIANVS NOB CAESS, Maximianus Noble Ceasar

MAXIMIANVS: Maximianus, in reality Galerius
NOB: Noble
CAESS: Caesar

Reverse:
SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, The emperors sacred money and our Caesars

SACRA : Sacred
MONET: Money
AVGG: Emperors
ET: And
CAESS: Caesars
NOSTR: Our

Moneta standing left holding scales in right and cornucopia in left. * in right field

Domination: Bronze Follis, size 27mm,

Mint: RQ in exe, Rome. * in right field. Dating to c. 302-3. RIC VI Rome 106b.



Explanation why this is Galerius, and not Maximianus. Doug Smith wrote a very good explanation, read this link: http://dougsmith.ancients.info/max.html
John Schou
Gallienvs FELICITAS SAECVLI.jpg
Gallienus FELICITAS SAECVLI21 viewsGallienus, 253 - 24 March 268 A.D.

Radiate draped bust right

Obverse: IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS AVG: Imperator Ceasar Publius Licinius Gallienvs Augustus

Imp: Imperator, Supreme army commander
C: Ceasar
P: Publius
LIC: Licinivs
Gallienus: Gallienus
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
Felicitas Saecvli: The happiness of the 100th year

Felicitas: The happiness
Saecvli: 100th year

Diana advancing right holding long torch in both hands.

Domination: Billon Antoninianus, size 20 mm

Mint: Antiochia, 2nd emission, 1st officina ; 255 CE. RIC 212 ; C 51
John S
Gallienus- Annona.jpg
Gallienus- Annona20 viewsGallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate and cuirassed bust right;

GALLIENVS AVG

GALLIENVS: Gallienus
AVG: Augustus, emperor


Reverse:

ANNONA AVG, Provisions from the emperor

ANNONA : Provisions
AVG: Emperor

Annona standing left, holding ears of grain in right hand over modius at feet left and holding anchor right.



Domination: Silvered antoninianus, 20 mm


Mint: Rome. Rome mint. RIC 162.
Looks like a Q or a retrograde Q in exergue, Rare Lettering.
Cunetio 1058 (7 specimens in the Cunetio hoard) RIC 162, the object in her left hand is a rudder.
Neither Cunetio 1058 nor Göbl 488f seems to record a specimen with retrograde Q.
John S
Gallienus- Mars new.jpg
Gallienus- Mars23 viewsGallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D.

Obverse:Radiate head right
GALLIENVS: Gallienus

AVG: Augustus,

Reverse:

VIRTVS: Virtus

AVG: Augustus

Showing: Mars standing left holding globe in right hand and spear in left hand. P in right field

Domination: Bronze, Antoninianus, size 20 mm

Mint: Rome

The following is from Doug Smith's great site:

"'Courage' is a helmeted soldier in armor holding a spear, victory or shield. Virtus can be distinguished from the god Mars who is usually shown nude. Some coins appear to show Virtus as a female figure (appropriate since the word is feminine declention). "
John Schou
Gallienus- Virtvs Avg 1.jpg
Gallienus- Virtvs Avg16 viewsGallienus, 253 - 24 March 268 A.D.

Obverse:Radiate head right

GALLIENVS: Gallienus

AVG: Augustus,

Reverse:

VIRTVS: Virtus

AVG: Augustus

Showing: Mars standing left holding globe in right hand and spear in left hand. P in right field

Domination: Bronze, Antoninianus, size 20 mm

Mint: Rome. RIC 317 from the sole reign RSC 1221c.
John Schou
Gordian III- Fortuna.jpg
Gordian III- FORTVNA REDVX SC32 viewsGordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right

IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG

IMP: Imperator, army leader
GORDIANVS: Gordianus
PIVS: Pius, pious
FEL: Felix, happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
FORTVNA REDVX SC, Fortunate return of our emperor By the decree of the senate

FORTVNA: Fortunate
REDVX: return of emperor
SC: Senatus Consulto, By the decree of the senate

Fortuna seated left holding rudder in right and cornucopia in left, wheel leans against throne


Domination: Antoninianus, AR, size 26 mm

Mint: Rome, struck early fall 243 - 244 A.D. RIC 331a
John Schou
Gordian III Moesia .JPG
Gordian III- Moesia 23 viewsGordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia

Obverse:
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
CAES: Caesar
M: Marcus
ANT: Antonius
GORDIANVS: Gordianus
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
P M S COL VIM AN I

PMS: Provincia Moesia Superios
COL: Colonial, Colony
VIM: Viminacium
AN I: Anno 1, year 1 = 238 AD

Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side

Domination: Copper AE3, size 17 mm

Mint: Nicaea, 238 - 244 A.D

Comment: Gordian III, Nicaea, Bithynia. This three standards reverse is the commonest Provincial coin there is, closely followed by that other coin from Viminacium
John S
Gordian III- MOESIA.jpg
Gordian III- MOESIA24 viewsGordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder;

IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG

IMP: Imperator, army leader
CAES: Ceasar
M: Marcus
ANT: Antonius
GORDIANVS: Gordianus
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
P M S COL VIM ANIIII

PMS: Provincia Moesia Superios
COL: COLonia
VIM: VIMinacium
ANIIII: Anno 4, year 4 (after the founding of the colonia of Viminacium).

The translation, then, would be "The Province of Upper Moesia. The Colony Viminacium."




Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side

Domination: Bronze provincial sestertius, 29 mm

Mint: Viminacium, 242 - 243 A.D.

Comment Cutis Clay:
Here is what Pick says, AMNG p. 23, note 5: The inscription is usually expanded Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium (The Colony Viminacium of the Province of Upper Moesia; I think this is what Lars intended), but that is bad Latin and contrary to the language one normally finds in inscriptions and on coins. The two parts of the legend, Provincia Moesia Superior and Colonia Viminacium, probably stand side by side without any grammatical connection.

The translation, then, would be "The Province of Upper Moesia. The Colony Viminacium."

I don't know what others have said about Pick's suggestion since he published it in 1898!
John S
Gordian III- SECVRIT PERP.jpg
Gordian III- SECVRIT PERP27 viewsGordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from behind

IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG

IMP: Imperator, army leader
GORDIANVS: Gordianus
PIVS: Pius, pious
FEL: Felix, happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
SECVRIT PERP, Perpetual security

SECVRIT: Security
PERP: Perpertual


Securitas standing front, head left, holding long scepter in right, leaning with left elbow on column;

Domination: Antoninianus, Silver, size 28 mm

Mint: Rome, struck early fall 243 - 244 A.D. RIC 153
John Schou
Gordian III three legionary standards.JPG
Gordian III- Three legionary standards18 viewsGordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Nicaea, Bithynia, N.W. Asia Minor

Obverse:
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC AVΓ

M: Marcus
ANT: Antonius
ΓOPΔIANOC: Gordianus
AV: AVG, Agustus, emperor

Reverse:
NIKAIE ΩΝ

NIKAIE: Nicaea
ΩΝ:Omega and NU, stands for ?

Three legionary standards

Domination: Bronze AE17 or Copper AE3, size 19 mm

Mint: Nicaea, 238 - 244 A.D
John S
Gordian III two legionary eagles between two standards 1a .JPG
Gordian III- Two legionary eagles between two standards 11 viewsGordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Nicaea, Bithynia, N.W. Asia Minor

Obverse:
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC AVΓ

M: Marcus
ANT: Antonius
ΓOPΔIANOC: Gordianus AVG, Augustus, emperor
AVΓ, AVG, Augustus, emperor Epsilon- W ?-NU

Reverse:
NIKAI / EWΝ

NIKAI: Nicaea
EWΝ: Epsilon- W ?-NU

Two legionary eagles between two standards

Domination: Bronze AE 17 or Copper AE3, size 18 mm

Mint: Nicaea
John S
Gordian III two legionary eagles between two standards.JPG
Gordian III- Two legionary eagles between two standards 1a28 viewsGordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Nicaea, Bithynia, N.W. Asia Minor

Obverse:
Radiate and draped bust right

M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC AVΓ

M: Marcus
ANT: Antonius
ΓOPΔIANOC: Gordianus
AVΓ: AVG, Agustus, emperor

Reverse:
NIKAIE/ ΩOΝ

NIKAIE: Nicaea
ΩΝ: Omega and NU, stands for ?

Two legionary eagles between two standards

Domination: Bronze AE 20, size 19 mm

Mint: Nicaea, 238 - 244 A.D
Comment: Gordian III, Nicaea, Bithynia. This three standards reverse is the commonest Provincial coin there is, closely followed by that other coin from Viminacium
John S
Hadrian_FIDES_PVBLICA__S_C.jpg
Hadrian S C FIDES PVBLICA 8 viewsHadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
Obverse:
Laureate head right

HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P

HADRIANVS
AVG: Agustus, emperor
COS III: Consul for the third time. One of the two chief magistrates of the Roman state, and often the emperor was one.
PP: Pater Patria, father of the country


Reverse:
FIDES PVBLICA S-C

FIDES PVBLICA: Trust of the People

S C
S C: Senatus Consulto, by Decree of the Senate

Fides standing right holding corn ears & basket of fruit


Domination: AE Sestertius, size 24 mm

Mint: Rome mint, 134- 138 A.D, Ric 758
John S
Hadrian ISIS.jpg
Hadrian- Egypt, Alexandria - Agathodaemon serpent22 viewsHadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

Obverse:

Hadrian laureate head right

No legend

Reverse:

No legend

Headdress of Isis or the shape of the Agathodaemon serpent


Domination: Tetradrachme, silver, 23 mm, AE 14

Mint: Egypt, Alexandria

John Schou
Hadrian .jpg
Hadrian- Egypt, Alexandria - ISIS and Horus33 viewsHadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

Obverse:

Hadrian laureate head right

No legend

Reverse:

No legend

Isis seated right and suckling Horus

Domination: Bronze drachm, size 34 mm, AE 14

Mint: Egypt, Alexandria

John Schou
Honorius_GLORIA_ROMANORVM.jpg
Honorius 8 viewsHonorius, 23 January 393 - 15 August 423 A.D.

Obverse:
Rosette diademed draped and cuirassed bust right

D N HONORIVS P F AVG

DN: Dominus Noster, Our Lord
HONORIVS: Honorius
PF: PIUS Felix, pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:

GLORIA ROMANORVM, The Glory of the Romans

Emperor standing facing, head right holding standard and globe

Domination: Bronze AE 2, size 19 mm

Mint: ANTA in exergue (Antioch mint, A = alpha 1. st Offcina, 22 Jan 393 - 17 Jan 395 A.D)
John S
Julia Domna Hilaritas.JPG
Julia Domna- Hilaritas15 viewsJulia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.

IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right

Obverse:
IVLIA AVGVSTA

IVLIA: Julia
AVGVSTA: Augusta/ Empress

Reverse:
HILARITAS, the happiness of our empress

Hilaritas standing left holding long palm and cornucopia
That it is Hilaritas is a guess, the coin is worn.

Bronze AE 3, size 18 mm

Mint: official, Rome mint, 198 A.D, RIC # ?
John S
Justinian- M new.jpg
Justinian- M25 viewsObverse:
DN IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG

DN:
IVSTINI:
ANVS:
PP:
AVG: Augustus


Reverse:

M = 40

Domination: Copper, size 23 mm

Mint: Byzantine
John Schou
Licinius I- IOVI CONSERVATORI new 1.jpg
Licinius I- IOVI CONSERVATORI28 viewsLicinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

Obverse:Laureate head right
IMP C VAL LICINIVS PF AVG
IMP: Imperator,
C: Caes,
VAL: Valerius
LICINIVS: Licinius
P F: Pius Felix
AVG:Augustus,

Reverse:
IOVI CONSERVATORI

IOVI: Jupiter
CONSERVATORI: Preserver

Showing: Jupiter standing left holding scepter and globe with Victory presenting wreath (røg), at feet captive right and eagle with wreath in beak left. leaning on sceptre. Jupiter standing left, chlamys over shoulder, naked, with Victory on globe, eagle-tipped scepter, eagle at foot to left, captive on ground to right, X-IIΓ to right XIIΓ(=12.5), SMHA in ex.

Domination: Follis, Bronze, size 20 mm

Mint: SMH (Heraclea) A (Alpha)

John Schou
Licinius I- IOVI CONSERVATORI 1.jpg
Licinius I- IOVI CONSERVATORI35 viewsLicinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate and cuirassed bust right

IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG

IMP: Imperator
LIC: :
LICINIVS: : Licinius
PF: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus

LIC LICINIVS= Licinivs I

Reverse:

IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, (The conservator of our emperors)

IOVI: Jovi
CONSERVATORI: Preserver
AVGG: More than one emperor
NN: Nost-- Nostrorvm

Jupiter standing left holding scepter and globe with Victory presenting wreath, at feet captive right and eagle with wreath in beak left. leaning on sceptre. Jupiter standing left, chlamys over shoulder, naked, with Victory on globe, eagle-tipped scepter, eagle at foot to left.

Domination: Bronze, follis, size 23 mm

Mint: TS= Thessalonica, and A= alpha for the 1st officina. RIC VI THESSALONICA 60, rarity C, year 312-313



John Schou
Licinius- IOVI CONSERVATORI 3.jpg
Licinius I- IOVI CONSERVATORI16 viewsLicinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate and cuirassed bust right

IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG

IMP: Imperator
LIC: :
LICINIVS: : Licinius
PF: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus

LIC LICINIVS= Licinivs I

Reverse:

IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, (The conservator of our emperors)

IOVI: Jovi
CONSERVATORI: Preserver
AVGG: More than one emperor
NN: Nost-- Nostrorvm

Jupiter standing left holding scepter and globe with Victory presenting wreath, at feet captive right and eagle with wreath in beak left. leaning on sceptre. Jupiter standing left, chlamys over shoulder, naked, with Victory on globe, eagle-tipped scepter, eagle at foot to left.

Domination: Bronze, follis, size 23 mm

Mint: TS= Thessalonica, and A= alpha for the 1st officina. RIC VI THESSALONICA 60, rarity C, year 312-313
John Schou
Licinius_I_IOVI_CONSERVATORI.jpg
Licinius I- IOVI CONSERVATORI24 viewsLicinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate and cuirassed bust right

IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG

IMP: Imperator
LIC: : Licinianus
LICINIVS: : Licinius
PF: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus

LIC LICINIVS= Licinivs I

Reverse:
IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, (The conservator of our emperors)

IOVI: Jovi
CONSERVATORI: Preserver
AVGG: More than one emperor
NN: Nost-- Nostrorvm

Jupiter standing left holding scepter and globe with Victory presenting wreath, at feet captive right and eagle with wreath in beak left. leaning on sceptre. Jupiter standing left, chlamys over shoulder, naked, with Victory on globe, eagle-tipped scepter, eagle at foot to left.

Domination: Bronze, folli, size 18 mm

Mint: SMH Δ, Heraclea (Δ= Delta 4 th oficina)
John S
Licinius IOVI CONSERVATORI .jpg
Licinius I- IOVI CONSERVATORI 127 viewsLicinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

Obverse:Laureate head right

IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG

IMP: Imperator
LIC: Licenciado
LICINIVS:Licinius
PF: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus

(LIC LICINIVS = Licinius I)

Reverse:

IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN (The conservator of our emperors)

IOVI: Jovi
CONSERVATORI: The conservator
AVGG:Augustus, more than 1 emperor
NN:Nost-- Nostrorvm

Jupiter standing left holding scepter and globe with Victory presenting wreath, at feet captive right and eagle with wreath in beak left. leaning on sceptre. Jupiter standing left, chlamys over shoulder, naked, with Victory on globe, eagle-tipped scepter, eagle at foot to left, captive on ground to right.

Domination: Follis, Copper, size 21 mm

Mint: TS= Thessalonica A ( A=Prima Oficina)








John Schou
Licinius I- SOL IN VICTO COMITI new.jpg
Licinius I- Soli Invicto Comiti52 viewsLicinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

Obverse:Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right
IMP LICINIVS PF AVG

IMP: Imperator
LICINIVS: Licinius
P F: Pius Felix
AVG:Augustus

Reverse:
SOLI INVICTO COMITI

SOLI: Sol
INVICTO: Undefeatble
COMITI:??

Showing: Sol standing left, raising hand and holding globe, chlamys across left shoulder, S - F across fields.

Domination: Follis, Copper, size 19 mm

Mint: R * S, R (Rome) S (Secunda Oficina). There is a star between R and S.

Alternately ally and adversary of Constantine was Licinius
(Augustus 308-324 AD). Licinius controlled the East but was
represented also on coins from Constantine's western mints.

IMPLICINIVS PF AVG is just one of several legend varieties found for this ruler but all will include the title Augustus. Sol, the unconquerable sun god and comrade of the emperor (SOLI INVICTO COMITI), was most popular in the years immediately preceding the conversion of the Empire to Christianity. He is shown as a nude male wearing a radiate crown and holding a globe. The mintmark PARL combines the workshop letter P (primus) and the first three letters of the mint name. Code letters in the field (here SF) identify the issue (therefore date) of the coins. While some mint/issue combinations are rare and desired by specialists, Sol coins are generally very common.
1 commentsJohn Schou
Licinius_VICT_•_LAETAE_PRINC_PERP.JPG
Licinius I- VICTORIAE LAET PRINC PERP14 viewsLicinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate head right

IMP LICI-NIVS P F AVG

IMP: Imperator
LICI-NIVS: Licinius
P F: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus

Reverse:
VICTORIAE LAET PRINC PERP

Two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT P R set on altar inscribed S

Domination: Bronze AE 3, Size 19 mm

Mint: SARL S= Officina 6 (stigma) ARL= Arles. This mint used the PSTQ Roman officinas. Vol VII RIC 198, is rated as r5
John Schou
Licinius II Junior- ROMAE AETERNAE.jpg
Licinius II Junior- ROMAE AETERNAE24 viewsLicinius Junior, Caesar 1 March 317 - 18 September 324 A.D.


Obverse:
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

LICINIVS IVN NOB C

LICINIVS: Licinius
IVN: Junior
NOB: Noble
C: Caesar

Reverse:
ROMAE AETERNAE [To everlasting Rome, fifteen yearly vows (quindecennalia)]

Roma standing right., shield in lap inscribed X/V

Domination: Bronze AE3, size 18 mm

Mint: In exergue R squiggle CS, Rom. RIC VII Rome 199 r3.
John Schou
Lucius_Verus_Antioch_ad_Orentum.JPG
Lucius Verus- SC9 viewsLucius Verus, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate head right

AVT K Λ AYPHΛ OYHPOC CEB



Reverse:
Large SC, branch above,

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 17 mm,

Mint: Antioch ad Orentum
John Schou
Marcus Aurelius- Denarius.jpg
Marcus Aurelius- Aequitas33 viewsMarcus Aurelius, 7 March 161- 17 March 180 A.D.

Obverse:
Bare head right

M ANTONINVS below bust,

M: Marcus
ANTONINVS: Antoninus

Reverse:

TR P XXII (or XXIII) IMP V COS III, BM 467 or 487, 168 or 169 AD.

TR P XXII (or XXIII): Tribunicia Potestate. The tribunician power, the emperor as civil head of the state.

IMP: Imperator
V: 5, imperator for the fifth time
COS III: Consul for the third time. One of the two chief magistrates of the Roman state, and often the emperor was one.

Comment:
L. Verus struck identical denarii with date TR P VIII or VIIII. But my obv. legend seems to begin M ANTONINVS below bust, not L VERVS.

When the title of 'imperator' occurs in this type of legend, it is often numbered. Mine has IMP V. This refers to an old custom of the Roman republic, the 'acclamatio imperatoria', in which a victorious general was acclaimed 'imperator' by the legions. In imperial times the emperor was the object of this honor. IMP V tells us the emperor was acclaimed imperator for the fifth time, which occured in 168 for Marcus Aurelius, together with Lucius Verus.

Aequitas seated and holding scales. It is an unusual type that appears only occasionally. Normally she is depicted standing not seated.

Domination: Silver, denarius, size 17mm

Mint: Rome
John Schou
Marcus Aurelius- Salus.jpg
Marcus Aurelius- Salus39 viewsMarcus Aurelius, 7 marts 161- 17 marts 180 A.D.

Obverse:
Marcus Aurelius with radiate head right.

IMP CAES M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG P M

IMP: Imperator, general
CAES: Caesar
M: Marcus
AVREL: Aurelius
ANTONINVS: Antoninus
AVG: Augustus, emperor
P M: Pontifix Maximus, high priest.

Reverse:
SALVTI AVGVSTOR TR P XVII S-C, COS III below the buste.

SALVTI: Salus
AVGVSTOR: Augustus, emperor
TR P: Tribunicia Potestate. The tribunician power, the emperor as civil head of the state.
XVII: 17
S-C: Senatus Consultum, by the decret of the senate.
COS III: Consul for the third time. One of the two chief magistrates of the Roman state, and often the emperor was one.

Salus standing left offering a patera to snake arising from altar, and holding sceptre

Comment: The reverse is Salus. If it was a male, the garment would not go all the way to the ground.


Domination: Orichalcum Dupondius, size 23 mm

Mint: Rome. The coin has been struck 162/163 AD. Cohen 568. RIC 846
John Schou
M_Cipius- Denarius.jpg
Marcus Cipius Marci Filius- Denarius Victory33 viewsM. CIPI. M. F. 115-114BC.

Obverse:
The helmeted head of Roma (personification of "Minerva or Palas") is facing right with an X behind her neck; M. CIPI. M. F is written upwards in front of her face

M. Marcus
CIPI. Cipius
M. Marci
F. Filius

X: 10, value, but the value was actually 16 asses.

Reverse:
Victory in biga right with palm-branch in right hand and in left reins, rudder below which could be a symbol of the ruler.

Domination: Denarius, silver, size 16 mm

Mint: ROMA, and ROMA with a horizontal line above it in the exergue.
Sear 166,Crawford289/1,Sydenham 546

CIPIUS, a person who gave rise to the proverb " non omnibus dormio," was called Para-rem-lion (-n-apape7xcoi>), because he pretended to be asleep, in order to give facility to his wife's adultery. (Festus, s. v. Non omnibus dormio ; Cic. ad Fam. vii. 24.) There are two coins extant with the name M. CIPI. M. F. upon them, but it is not impossible that they may belong to the Cispia gens, as the omission of a letter in a name is by no means of uncommon ucurrence on Roman coins.
CISPIA GENS, plebeian, which came originally from Anagnia, a town of the Hernici. An ancient tradition related that Cispius Laevus, of Anagnia, came to Rome to protect the city, while Tullus Hostilius was engaged in the siege of Veii, and that he occupied with his forces one of the two hills of the Escmiline, which was called after him the Cispius mons, in the same way as Oppius of Tusculum did the other, which was likewise called after him the Oppius mons.
John Schou
Marcvs Avrelivs- Victory.jpg
Marcvs Avrelivs- Victory20 viewsMarcus Aurelius, 7 marts 161- 17 marts 180 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate head right

M ANTONINVS

M: Marcus
ANTONINVS: Antoninus

Reverse:

AVG TR P XXXII / IMP VIIII - COS III P P S C

AVG: Augustus, emperor
TR P XXXII: Tribunicia Potestate. The tribunician power, the emperor as civil head of the state.
IMP: Imperator
VIIII: 9, imperator for the ninth time
COS III: Consul for the third time. One of the two chief magistrates of the Roman state, and often the emperor was one.
PP: Pater Patria, farther of the country
SC: Senatus Consultus, by the decree of the senate

When the title of 'imperator' occurs in this type of legend, it is often numbered. Mine has IMP V. This refers to an old custom of the Roman republic, the 'acclamatio imperatoria', in which a victorious general was acclaimed 'imperator' by the legions. In imperial times the emperor was the object of this honor. IMP V tells us the emperor was acclaimed imperator for the fifth time, which occured in 168 for Marcus Aurelius, together with Lucius Verus.

Victory advancing left, probably C. 372, BMC p. 673,



Domination: Copper, AS, size 24 mm

Mint: Rome
John Schou
Maxentius- CONSERV new.jpg
Maxentius- Conserv26 viewsMaxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.

Obverse:Laureate head right
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG

IMP: Imperator,
C: Caes,
MAXENTIVS: Maxentius
P F: Pius Felix,
AVG: Augustus,

Reverse:
CONSERV VRB SVAE

CONSERV: Protector
VRB: City, i.e Rome
SVAE: His

Showing: Hexastyle temple, Roma seated within, globe in r., spear in l., shield at r. side, star on pediment

Domination: AS or Follis, Bronze, size 22 mm

Mint: AQP, AQ is Aquileia in Italy, P ( Prima)
John Schou
Maximianus- Pax AVGG.jpg
Maximianus- Pax AVGG23 viewsMaximian, 285 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate, cuirassed bust right

IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
MAXIMIANVS: Maximianus
AVG: Augustus, emperor

No P in the obverse legend.


Reverse:
PAX AVGG, Peace of the emperors

PAX: Peace
AVGG: Emperors (2 G´s)

Pax standing left, Victory on globe in right hand, transverse scepter in left

Domination: Antoninianus, size 20 mm

Mint: B in exergue, Lugdunum, Officina 2. Minted in Lugdunum (//B), Emission 7, Officina 2. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291. Reference(s) – Cohen 438. Bastien 380. RIC V Part 2 – 399 bust Type F
John Schou
New 2.jpg
Maybe Lucius Verus, Marcus Aurelius, Commodus or Aelius20 viewsMaybe Lucius Verus, Marcus Aurelius, Commodus or AeliusJohn Schou
New 3.jpg
Missing ID17 viewsMissing IDJohn Schou
Nero Provincial-  Zeus.jpg
Nero Provincial- Zeus16 viewsNero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.

Obverse:
laureate bust with aegis right; below caduceus
NEPWNA CEBACTON AKMONEIC, it is 'the people of Acmonaea to Nero Augustus

NEPWNA: Nero
CEBACTON: Augustus
AKMONEIC: The name of the city, Acmonea

Reverse:
Zeus seated left, with patera and sceptre, owl under throne
CEPOYHIOY KAΠΙΤWΝΟC KAI IOYΛIAC CEOYHPAC

To right: EΠΙ ΑΡΧ ΤΟ Γ (first 3 words as monograms)
The anagrams indicate Serveenius was archon three times (EΠΙ ΑΡΧ = Archon, TO Γ = three times). The reverse names two local officials, Lucius Servenius Capito and Julia Severa (husband and wife) - we know his first name was Lucius from other coins.

Domination: Size 18 mm

Mint: It's from Acmonea in Phrygia, Provincial, RPC 3176.

Comments:
An interesting coin: how often did husband-and-wife magistrates team to sign Greek Imperial coins, with two Latin names at that? As for the accusative, it's an elliptical usage that shows up now and then, frequently honoring heroes or deities; see

http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=26925.msg175999#msg175999
John S
Nero- Victoria new.jpg
Nero- Victoria25 viewsNero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate head left
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG GERM

IMP: Imperator,
NERO: Nero
CAESAR: Caesar
AVG: Augustus,
GERM: Germanicus,

Reverse:

S --- C

S :Senatus: Senat
C: Consulto: Decree

Showing: Reverse S - C, Victory flying left,

Domination: AS, Bronze, size 27 mm

Mint: Rome???
John Schou
Persisk- Orodes.jpg
Parthian- Orodes19 viewsOrodes II or Phraates IV

It does seem to resemble coins of Orodes II, Phraates IV or thereabouts; they issued a chalkous of similar size; and the reverse seems a good chance.

King Orodes II of Parthia (also called Hyrodes) ruled the Parthian Empire from 57 to 38 BC. He was the son of Phraates III, whom he murdered in 57 BC, assisted by his brother Mithridates

Size: 10 mm

I don't collect this series, but a look at www.parthia.com gives more information.
John Schou
Paulina_Diva_smaller_pic.jpg
PAVLINA DIVA CONSECRATIO19 viewsPaulina, wife of Maximinus I, who reigned 235 - 238 A.D.

Obverse:
Veiled and draped bust right

DIVA PAVLINA

DIVA: Divine
PAVLINA: Paulina

Reverse:

CONSECRATIO

CONSECRATIO: Consecrate

Paulina seated to left on peacock flying right

Domination: Denarius silver, size 20 mm

Mint: Rome , AD 236, RIC 2, Sear 5/8400, RSC 2
John S
Perga .jpg
Perga 17 viewsPerga, Pamphylia

Obverse: Not able to identify emperor, but he is head right, having beard, is he radiate ??

Reverse ARTEMIDOC, temple with two columns enclosing cult statue of Artemis of Perga

Domination: Copper , size 10 mm,

Mint: Perga/Perge

John S
Philip_1_ANNONA_AVGG_S_C.jpg
Philip 1 ANNONA AVGG S C21 viewsPhilip I "The Arab", first half 244 - late September 249 A.D., Provincia Dacia

Obverse:
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG

IMP: Imperator
M: Marcus
IVL: Julius
PHILIPPVS: Philippus
AVG: Augustus

Reverse
ANNONA AVGG S C

ANNONA AVG, Provisions from the emperor

ANNONA: Provisions
AVGG: Emperor
S C: Senatus Consultus (By decree of the senate)

Annona standing left, grain in right over modius, cornucopia in left


Domination: AE Sestertius, size 28 mm.

Mint: Rome mint, 247 - 249 A.D, RIC 168a, Cohen 26
John S
Probus_RESTITVT_ORBIS.JPG
Probus RESTITVT ORBIS12 viewsProbus, summer 276 - September 282 A.D.


Obverse:
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind

IMP C M AVR PROBVS PF AVG

IMP: Imperator,
C: Caesar
M: Marcus
AVR: Aurelius
PROBVS: Probus
AVG: Augustus,

Reverse:
RESTITVT ORBIS
Restorer of the world

RESTITVT: Restorer
ORBIS: Of the world

Woman standing right presenting wreath to Probus standing left holding globe in right and scepter in left, ε Δ center (is officina 9) avoided using the unlucky numeral 'theta' by adding up 5+4 or E+delta

Domination: Antoninianus, Bronze, size 20 mm

Mint: Antioch, XXI, ε Δ is officina 9, avoided using the unlucky numeral 'theta' by adding up 5+4 or E+delta

Comment to ε Δ:
Use the XXI ratio mark and a particularly interesting Greek numeral for the officina. The Antioch mint was organized into nine workshops using standard Greek numerals for 1 through 8 (A-H). The ninth officina used 'ε Δ' or 5+4 in place of Θ, the proper numeral for 9. In addition to being the numeral 9, Θ was the first letter in thanatos (death). As such it was considered an unlucky symbol to be avoided much as many people today avoid the number 13.
John S
Probus- Eagle Alexandria.jpg
Probus- Eagle Provincial72 viewsProbus, summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate and cuirassed bust right

AK M AVP ΠPOBOC CEB (epsilon)B


AK: AUTOKRATOR (greek indication for monarch)
M: Marcus
AVP: Aureus
ΠPOBOC: (pi)PROBOC (Probus)
CEB: SEBASTOS (greek indication for augustus).

Reverse:
L -Δ (delta=year 4) across fields

Eagle standing right, head turned back, wreath in beak. The ties are one back and one straight down

Domination: Billon drachm, size 23 mm.

Mint: Alexandria, provincial. Milne #4588

Comment:
Since this is a provincial coin, it does not have a RIC number.


This is a very interesting coin, as it is overstruck on a previous issue, possibly of Aurelian.

If one look to the right and below Probus' chin one will see an outline of another nose, mouth and chin. Also, between about 4.30 amd 5.30 on the obverse one can see signs of large border pellets, unlike the small pellets of the Probus type, and there is 'interference' in the CEB of the legend.

The reverse shows traces of the undertype too, and the spread flan is another giveaway (most Probus tetradrachms which are not overstrikes are quite thick with smallish flans).

I(Manzikert) have two similar overstrikes (both year 3), and it appears there was a monetary reform by Aurelian c.274-5, and some earlier coins were overstruck with Aurelian's, Tacitus' and Probus' types. There is a paper about these by W.E. Metcalf in 'Studies in Greek numismatics in memory of Martin Jessop Price'
John Schou
Probus- Sol Invicto new.jpg
Probus- Sol Invicto29 viewsProbus, summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate and cuirassed bust right

IMP C M AVR PROBVS PF AVG

IMP: Imperator,
C: Caesar
M: Marcus
AVR: Aurelius
PROBVS: Probus
PF: PIUS FELIX,
AVG: Augustus,

Reverse:
SOLI INVICTO

Showing:Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left,

Domination: Antoninianus, Bronze, size 24 mm

Mint: KA= Serdica Γ= Gamma,3.rd Oficina). RIC 861
John Schou
Probus- Virtus Probi AVG.jpg
Probus- Virtus Probi AVG27 viewsProbus, summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate and cuirassed bust left wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle tipped scepter

IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG

IMP: Imperator
C: Ceasar
M: Marcus
AVR: Aurelias
PROBVS: Probus
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse
VIRTVS PROBI AVG,

Emperor galloping right, spearing enemy whose shield lies beneath horse

Denomination: Antoninianus Bronze, diameter 23 mm

Mint: Bust Type H from Serdica. RIC 878

John Schou
Probus VIRTVS PROBI AVG.jpg
Probus- VIRTVS PROBI AVG29 viewsProbus, summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

Probus helmeted and cuirassed bust left holding spear over right shoulder and shield on left

Obverse:
IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG

IMP: Imperator,
C: Caesar
M: Marcus
AVR: Aurelius
PROBVS: Probus
PF: PIUS FELIX,
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
VIRTVS PROBI AVG

VIRTVS: Virtus, virtue
PROBI: Probus
AVG: AVGVSTI

VIRTVS PROBI AVG is VIRTVS PROBI AVGVSTI, The virtue of the emperor Probus

The pace of the horse is too sedate to qualify the type as galloping, instead it is "Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre". There should be evidence of captive at foot.

Domination: Antoninianus, Bronze, 21-22 mm,

Mint: XXIMC = XXI Cyzicus + MC Moneta Cyzici.

The fourth officina would be Q. By the by, on coins of Probus , 4 is never expressed as "IV". Coins that do show IV/XXI are in fact errors - retrograde VI's! We can also see IIV instead of VII, and certainly not meaning 3! q.v. Pink, Aufbau 3
John Schou
Sabina_large_pic.JPG
Sabina SC Ceres16 viewsSabina, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of Hadrian

Obverse:
Diademed, draped bust right.

SABINA AVGVSTA HADRIANI AVG P P

SABINA: Sabina
AVGVSTA: Augusta, empress
HADRIANI: Hadrian
AVG: Emperor
PP:Pater Patria, father of the country

Reverse:

S C in Exergue: Senatus Consulto, by Decree of the Senate

No legend on reverse, S C in Exergue - Ceres seated left, holding grain ears/ grain stalks and torch.

Domination: Orichalcum dupondius AS, size 25 mm, die axis 180o

Mint: Rome, S C in Exergue, RIC 1023 (Hadrian), BMC 1900, C 70
John S
Salonina- Antoninianus PVDICITIA.jpg
Salonina- Antoninianus PVDICITIA28 viewsSalonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., wife of Gallienus

Obverse:
Diademed draped bust right on crescent

SALONINA AVG

SALONINA: Salonina
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
PVDICITIA

PVDICITIA: Pudicitia
Pudicitia standing left, raising veil and holding transverse sceptre

Pudicitia is the personification of modesty and chastity.

Q in right field:
Mints were often divided into different workshops, called officinae. Around about the middle of the 3rd century it became common for the officina number to be marked on coins - in this case officina 4. The mint of this coin was Rome, which at this time had 6 officinae, marked P, S, T, Q, V, VI.


Domination: Silver Antoninianus, size 18 mm.

Mint: Rome, Officina Q (Alpha, 4 th.), struck 260-268 A.D. RIC V/2, 24; C.92 (sole reign of Gallienus)

Comment:
It's Salonina, the wife of Gallienus.. One can identify her by her hair-do. The letter in the right field of the reverse is a Q. Because one can see the crescent under her bust, the denomination is Antoninianus. It is Pudicitia on the reverse due to is attitude and the V on the legend left.

Additional information can be found on Ed Flinn web site on Gallienus and his family.
My coin could (maybe be # 492 of the list).
John Schou
Salonina- Pudicitia.jpg
Salonina- PVDICITIA16 viewsSalonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., wife of Gallienus

Obverse:
Diademed draped bust right on crescent

SALONINA AVG

SALONINA: Salonina
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
PVDICITIA

PVDICITIA: Pudicitia
Pudicitia standing left, raising veil and holding transverse sceptre

Q in right field:
Mints were often divided into different workshops, called officinae. Around about the middle of the 3rd century it became common for the officina number to be marked on coins - in this case officina 4. The mint of this coin was Rome, which at this time had 6 officinae, marked P, S, T, Q, V, VI.


Domination: Bronze Antoninianus, size 18 mm.

Mint: Rome, Officina Q (Alpha, 4 th.), struck 260-268 A.D. RIC V/2, 24; C.92 (sole reign of Gallienus)

Comment:
It's Salonina, the wife of Gallienus.. One can identify her by her hair-do. The letter in the right field of the reverse is a Q. Because one can see the crescent under her bust, the denomination is Antoninianus. It is Pudicitia on the reverse due to is attitude and the V on the legend left.
John Schou
Septimius Severus Grapes.JPG
Septimius Severus- Grapes12 viewsSeptimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., MARKIANOPOLITWN, Moesia Inferior

Laureate right, bust, draped and cuirassed,

Obverse:
AV KL CE CEVHROC

AV : AU(tokrator)
K Λ :K L S (eptimius)
CE:
CEVHROC: Severus

Reverse:
MARKIANO - POLITWN, bunch of grapes upside down

MARKIANO - POLITWN: Marcianopolis

Bronze AE 4, size 10 mm

Mint: Seem to read ΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ so It is Marcianopolis.

Comment:
The PI at 1 o'clock is the PI from MARKIANOPOLITWN. The coin is Hristova/Jekov No. 6.14.8.5.
Rarity R6 of 10.
There is only one other coin which has MARKIANO - POLEITWN (No. 6.14.8.6), but my coin has POLITWN!
The coin is not listed in Varbanov (engl.) nor in AMNG I/1.

John S
Severus_Alexander_Nicaea_Bithynia_3_standarder.JPG
Severus Alexander- 3 standards23 viewsObverse:
Lureate head right

MAYP CEYH AΛΞΞAΔPOC AV

MAYP: Marcus Antonius
CEYH:
AΛΞΞAΔPOC: Severus
AV: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
NI- KA- IE- ΩN

NI- KA- IE- ΩN: Nicaea

Three military standards

Domination: AE 3 Bronze, size 19 mm

Mint: Nicaea- Bithynia
John Schou
Serverus Alexnder- Providentia.jpg
Severus Alexander- Providentia39 viewsSeverus Alexander, 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.

Obverse:
Severus with bust draped, cuirassed right, with slight drapery on far shoulder and laureate.

IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG

IMP: Imperator, general
ALEXANDER: Alexander
PIVS: Pius
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
PROVIDENTIA AVG S-C

PROVIDENTIA: Providentia
AVG: Augustus, imperor
S-C: Senatus Consulto, by the decret of the senate

Providentia standing front holding two grain ears over modius & cornucopiae

Domination: Æ Sestertius, size 28 mm

Mint: Rome, struck 231-235 A.D. RIC IV/II, 642; C.503, sear 8014
John Schou
Severus Alexander Three military standards.JPG
Severus Alexander- Three military standards13 viewsSeverus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Nicaea, Bithynia, N.W. Asia M

Obverse:
Lureate head right

MAYP CEYH AΛΞΞAΔPOC AV

MAYP:Marcus Antonius
CEYH:
AΛΞΞAΔPOC: Severus
AV: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
NI- KA- IE- ΩN

NI- KA- IE- ΩN: Nicaea

Three military standards

Domination: AE 3 Bronze, size 19 mm

Mint: Nicaea

John S
Tacitus- Provide Avg.jpg
Tacitus- Provide Avg30 viewsTacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate cuirassed bust right

IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
C M: CAESAR MARCVS
CL: CLAVDIVS
TACITVS: Tacitus
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
PROVIDE AVG: The foresight of the emperor

PROVIDE: The foresight
AVG: Emperor

Providentia standing left, holding globe and transverse scepter

Domination: AE Antoninianus, size 20 mm

Mint: ??
1 commentsJohn Schou
Tetricus I- Hilaritas new.jpg
Tetricus I- Hilaritas31 viewsTetricus I, mid 271 - spring 274 A.D.

Obverse:Radiate cuirassed bust right
IMP TETRICVS P F AVG

IMP: Imperator,
TETRICVS: Tetricus
PF: Pius felix,
AVG: Augustus,

Reverse:
HILARITAS AVGG

HILARITAS: Hilaritas
AVGG: 2 Emperors

Showing: Hilaritas standing left holding palm frond in right and cornucopia in left.

Domination: Antoninianus, Bronze, size 17 mm

Mint: Gallic, if the bust is radiate, draped and cuirassed then the mint is probably Trier. If the bust is radiate and cuirassed only then the mint is probably Cologne.

Antoninianus of Tetricus I struck A.D.271-274.

However with this last issue of Tetricus it may not be as simple as that. Hilaritas occurs for both bust types and could possibly indicate centralised die cutting or the two mints had combined during the final months of the Gallic Empire
John Schou
Tetricus I-Laetitia.jpg
Tetricus I- Laetitia32 viewsTetricus I, mid 271 - spring 274 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate draped bust right.

IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG

IMP: Imperator
C: Consul
TETRICVS: Tetricus
P F: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse is:
LAETITIA AVG

LAETITIA : Laetitia (joy),
AVGG: Augustus, emperors

LAETITIA is standing left holding wreath and anchor

Domination: Antoninianus, Bronze, size 16 mm

Mint: Gallic, if the bust is radiate, draped and cuirassed then the mint is probably Trier. If the bust is radiate and cuirassed only then the mint is probably Cologne. Officina ?? Struck A.D.271-274. RIC 87 or 88.
1 commentsJohn Schou
Tetricus I- PAX new.jpg
Tetricus I- Pax26 viewsTetricus I, mid 271 - spring 274 A.D.

Obverse:Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right

IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG

IMP: Imperator,
C: Caesar
TETRICVS: Tetricus
PF: Pius felix,
AVG: Augustus,

Reverse:
PAX AVG

PAX: Pax, Peace
AVG: Augustus, Emperor

Showing: Pax standing left holding olive branch in right and vertical scepter in left

Domination: Antoninianus, Bronze, size 19 mm

Mint:???
John Schou
Tetricus I- PAX AVG.jpg
Tetricus I- PAX AVG20 viewsTetricus I, mid 271 - spring 274 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right

IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
C: Caes
TETRICVS: Tetricus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
PAX AVG, The peace of the emperor

PAX: Peace
AVG: Emperor

Pax standing left holding branch and sceptre

Domination: Bronze antoninianus, size 17 mm

Mint: Gallic??

Comment: The coin might be barb but the official coins of this time period are generally pretty crude, so it is often not easy to distinguish between official and forgery. This coin is too worn to be sure one way or the other
John Schou
Tetricus II- SPES AVGG.jpg
Tetricus II- SPES AVGG29 viewsTetricus II, Caesar mid 271 - spring 274 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right

C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES

C: Caius
PIV: Pius
ESV: Esuvius
TETRICVS: Tetricus
CAES: Ceasar

Reverse:
SPES AVGG

SPES: Hope
AVGG: More than one emperor

Spes advancing left holding flower and raising drapery

Domination: Antoninianus, Bronze, size 18 mm

Mint: Treveri (Trier), RIC 270.

Comment:
Gallic, if the bust is radiate, draped and cuirassed then the mint is probably Trier. If the bust is radiate and cuirassed only then the mint is probably Cologne.

Caius Pius Esuvius Tetricus II was the son of the Governor of Aquitaine, in the breakaway Gallo-Roman Empire (Gaul, Spain, and Britain) established by Postumus. After Victorinus, the successor to Postumus, was murdered, Tetricus' father was acclaimed Tetricus I, Augustus. His father later elevated the young Caius to Caesar, but their reign was cut short, peacefully, when Tetricus deserted his own troops to surrender to Aurelian. In gratitude, Aurelian later restored Tetricus I as a Senator, and even installed him as Governor of Lucania, and Tetricus II returned to normal life, as a private citizen.

John Schou
Tetricus II-  Spes Publica.jpg
Tetricus II- Spes Publica24 viewsTetricus II, Caesar mid 271 - spring 274 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right

The words CVS CAES being visible in front of the radiate bust of the youthful, unbearded male.


C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES IMP
C: Caius
PIV: Pius
ESV: Esuvius
TETRICVS: Tetricus
Caes: Caes
IMP: Imperator

Reverse:
SPES PVBLICA

SPES: Hope
PVBLICA: Republic

Showing: Spes advancing left, holding flower in right and raising skirt with left.


Domination: Antoninianus, Bronze, size 18 mm
Mint: Trier mint, struck 251-253 AD. RIC 272, Cohen 97.

Caius Pius Esuvius Tetricus II was the son of the Governor of Aquitaine, in the breakaway Gallo-Roman Empire (Gaul, Spain, and Britain) established by Postumus. After Victorinus, the successor to Postumus, was murdered, Tetricus' father was acclaimed Tetricus I, Augustus. His father later elevated the young Caius to Caesar, but their reign was cut short, peacefully, when Tetricus deserted his own troops to surrender to Aurelian. In gratitude, Aurelian later restored Tetricus I as a Senator, and even installed him as Governor of Lucania, and Tetricus II returned to normal life, as a private citizen.
John Schou
Tetricus II- SPES PVBLICA.jpg
Tetricus II- SPES PVBLICA37 viewsTetricus II, Caesar mid 271 - spring 274 A.D.

Obverse:Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right



The words CVS CAES being visible in front of the radiate bust of the youthful, unbearded male.

CVS CAES

CVS: C. Pivs Esuvius
CAES: Caes

C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES IMP
C: Caius
PIV: Pius
ESV: Esuvius
TETRICVS: Tetricus
Caes: Caes
IMP: Imperator

Reverse:
SPES PVBLICA

SPES: Hope
PVBLICA: Repulic

Showing: Spes advancing left, holding flower in right and raising skirt with left.


Domination: Antoninianus, Bronze, size 18 mm
Mint: Gallic???

Caius Pius Esuvius Tetricus II was the son of the Governor of Aquitaine, in the breakaway Gallo-Roman Empire (Gaul, Spain, and Britain) established by Postumus. After Victorinus, the successor to Postumus, was murdered, Tetricus' father was acclaimed Tetricus I, Augustus. His father later elevated the young Caius to Caesar, but their reign was cut short, peacefully, when Tetricus deserted his own troops to surrender to Aurelian. In gratitude, Aurelian later restored Tetricus I as a Senator, and even installed him as Governor of Lucania, and Tetricus II returned to normal life, as a private citizen.
John Schou
Tetricus II- SPES PVBLICA 1.jpg
Tetricus II- SPES REBVPLICA31 viewsTetricus II, Caesar mid 271 - spring 274 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right

The words CVS CAES being visible in front of the radiate bust of the youthful, unbearded male.


C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES IMP
C: Caius
PIV: Pius
ESV: Esuvius
TETRICVS: Tetricus
Caes: Caes
IMP: Imperator

Reverse:
SPES PVBLICA

SPES: Hope
PVBLICA: Republic

Showing: Spes advancing left, holding flower in right and raising skirt with left.


Domination: Antoninianus, Bronze, size 18 mm
Mint: Gallic???

Caius Pius Esuvius Tetricus II was the son of the Governor of Aquitaine, in the breakaway Gallo-Roman Empire (Gaul, Spain, and Britain) established by Postumus. After Victorinus, the successor to Postumus, was murdered, Tetricus' father was acclaimed Tetricus I, Augustus. His father later elevated the young Caius to Caesar, but their reign was cut short, peacefully, when Tetricus deserted his own troops to surrender to Aurelian. In gratitude, Aurelian later restored Tetricus I as a Senator, and even installed him as Governor of Lucania, and Tetricus II returned to normal life, as a private citizen.
John Schou
Theodosius I- SALVS REIPUBLICAE.jpg
Theodosius I- SALVS REIPUBLICAE22 viewsTheodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.

Obverse:
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG

D N: Dominus Noster, our Lord
THEODOSIVS: Theodosius
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse
SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, The health of the republic

SALVS: The health
REI-PVBLICAE: republic

Victory advancing left, carrying trophy and dragging captive

Domination: Bronze AE 4, size 13 mm

Mint: Perhaps SMK in exe Cyzikus, struck 28 Aug 388 - 15 May 392 A.D. RIC 26(b). Perhaps P left.
John Schou
Theodosius_VOT_X_MVLT_XX_.JPG
Theodosius I- VOT X MVLT XX14 viewsTheodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.


Obverse:
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG

D N: Dominus Noster, our Lord
THEODOSIVS: Theodosius
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse
VOT X MVLT XX in wreath

VOT X MVLT XX in wreath= 'Votis decennalibus (solutis), , Vows of the ten years, or the tenth year, and expecting 20 years more.

Domination: Bronze AE 4, size 13 mm

Mint: SMHA, Heraclea A= Alpha 1. Officina, 378- 383, RIC 192

Vota (plural of votum). A vow made to a god in order to obtain a divine favour stipulated in advance. The granting of the request obliged the vower to fulfil his promise. This usually took the form of a sacrifice to the deity or an offering to his (or her) temple. Public vota in Imperial times were normally for the welfare of the emperor over a stated period of time (five or ten years) and were regularly undertaken (vota suscepta) and hopefully paid (vota soluta). Sometimes they were more specific, relating to the safety of the emperor on a particularly hazardous journey or military campaign, or the current state of his health. The undertaking and fulfillment of these public vows was frequently recorded on the coinage and in the late Empire especially may provide useful evidence for the chronological arrangement of issues.
John Schou
Trajan_FELICITAS_AVGVST.jpg
Trajan FELICITAS AVGVST13 viewsTrajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
Obverse:
Laureate bust right, draped far shoulder

IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P

IMP: Imperator
TRAIANO: Trajan
AVG: Augustus
GER: Grmanicus
DAC: Dacicus (Honorary title for a Dacian victory)
P M: Pontifix Maximus, (Head of the priests)
TR P: Tribunicia Potestate, (The tribunician power, the emperor as civil head of the state.)
COS V P P : consul for the fifth time, Pater Patriae

Reverse:

FELICITAS AVGVST
The happiness of the emperor

FELICITAS: The happiness
AVGVST: Emperor

Felicitas with caduceus in right hand

Domination: Copper, size 19 mm.

Mint: Rom
John S
Trajan_Nike_Thessalonica_under_Rom.jpg
Trajan Nike7 viewsTrajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

Obverse:

Radiate head right

KAICAP-TPAIANOC

KAICAP: Caesar, Imperator (Emperor)
TPAIANOC: Trajan


Reverse:
ΘECCAΛON-IKEWN

ΘECCAΛON-IKEWN (Thessalonica Nike)

Nike advancing right, holding palm-branch and wreath

Domination: Bronze AE 25,size 25 mm.

Mint: MACEDON, Thessalonica, A.D. 98-117

John S
Trajan_S_C.jpg
Trajan-S C18 viewsTrajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.


Obverse:
Laureate head right

AVTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANOC CEB EPM AK

AVTOKP: Imperator (Emperor)
KAIC: Caesar
NEP: Nerva
TPAIANOC: Trajan
CEB: SEBASTOS (græsk indikation for augustus)
ΓEPM: Germanicus (honorary title for a German victory)
ΔAK: Dacicus (honorary title for a Dacian victory)


Reverse:
large S C, dot between S C

S C: Senatus Consultus, By the decree of the senate

Domination: Bronze AE 26,size 23 mm.

Mint: Antioch. Antiocheia ad Orentum, Seleucis and Pieria. SEAR 1078
John S
Trebonianus PAX AETERNA.jpg
Trebonianus PAX AETERNA28 viewsTrebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D.

Radiate bust right

Obverse: IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS AVG: Imperator Caesar Caius Vibius Trebonianus Gallus Augustus

IMP: Imperator, supreme army commander
C: Caesar
C: Caius
VIB: Vibivs
TREB: Trebonianus
Gallvs: Gallus
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse: PAX AETERNA
Pax: Peace
Aeterna: Eternal

Pax standing left holding branch and scepter

Domination: Silver antoninianus, size 20 mm

Mint: Roma, special edition, 6th officina, end 252 CE, RIC 71, (CBG ; Rome XVII, n¡126502)

Comment: The CGB catalogues make interesting attempts to reconstruct the coinage, but are of course heavily dependent on earlier attempts, and by no means always propose the best solutions
1 commentsJohn S
Valens SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE.jpg
Valens SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE34 viewsValens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

Obverse:
Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right

D N VALENS P F AVG

DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
VALENS: Valens
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, the security of the republic

SECVRITAS: Security
REIPVBLICAE: Republic

Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm, wreath in left and Star in right field

Domination: Bronze, AE 3, Size 16 mm.

Mint: ALE, Officina ?, RIC IX Constantinople 42b rated common for all officina.
John Schou
VALENS_GLORIA_ROMANORVM.JPG
Valens- GLORIA ROMANORVM38 viewsValens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.


Obverse:
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
VALENS: Valens
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse :
GLORIA ROMANORVM, The glory of the Romans

GLORIA: Glory
ROMANORUM: The Romans
A: Alfa, first Officina



Emperor advancing right, looking left, dragging captive with right, standard in left

Diameter: Bronze AE 3, 18.mm

Mint: SMAQP = Aquileia, first officina. RIC IX 7(b)i(a)
John S
Valens- SECVRITAS REIPUBLICAE.jpg
Valens- SECVRITAS REIPUBLICAE64 viewsValens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

Obverse:
Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right

D N VALENS P F AVG

DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
VALENS: Valens
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, the security of the republic

SECVRITAS: Security
REIPVBLICAE: Republic

Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm, star in left field and an A beneath.

Domination: Bronze, AE 3, Size 16 mm.

Mint: DASISC which is the Siscia and A is 1.st Officina. The * over A places the minting during 364-367. RIC IX Siscia 7b, type vii, number 1297 in Late Roman Bronze Coinage, Vol. 2.

Comment: As to why it is Valens and not Valentinian I. First the inscription on the obverse looks too short to be Valentinian. Second Valens used the A officinae at this time for the Securitas Reipublicae coins at this time while Valentinian used the mint.
John Schou
Valentinian I- Gloria Romanorum.jpg
Valentinian I- Gloria Romanorvm59 viewsValentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

Obverse:
Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right

DN VALENTINI-ANVS PF AVG

DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
VALENTINI-ANVS: Valentianus
PF: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
GLORIA RO-MANORVM Z B across fields, The glory of Rome

GLORIA: Glory
RO-MANORVM: Rome
Z: Serie number
B: Beta, second Officina

Emperor advancing right, head left and dragging captive with right hand, holding (labarum) standard decorated with chi-rho in left


Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 20 mm

Mint: TES, Thessalonica, B= Beta second Officina.
RIC IX, Thessalonica 26(a); C.12. Then the r. revers field is not only A but should be star above B, making it a type xxxv of #26(a). Dated 24 Aug. AD 367-17 Nov. AD 375; rarity scarce.
John Schou
Valentian- REPARATIO REIREPVBLICAE new.jpg
Valentinian I- Reparatio Reipvblicae39 viewsValentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

Obverse:
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

IMP VALENTIANVS PF AVG

IMP, Imperator

DIOCLETIANVS, Diocletianus

PF, PIUS FELIX,

AVG: Augustus

Reverse:
REPARATIO REIPUBLICAE

REPARATIO: Restoretion

REIPUBLICAE: Republic

Showing: Emperor holding with his left hand a woman i her hand, and holding Victoria with globe in his right hand

Domination: Follis, Copper, size 23 mm

Mint: SMAQ ( Aquileia) P (Prima Oficina)
John Schou
Valentinian I- Securitas Reipublicae.jpg
Valentinian I- SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE63 viewsValentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

Valentinian I was proclaimed emperor shortly after the death of Jovian in 364 A.D. Taking command of the Western provinces, Valentinian spent most of his reign combating the barbarian invasions along the Rhine frontier


Obverse:
Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG

D N: Dominus Noster, our lord
VALENTINIANVS: Valentianus
P F: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, The security of the republic

SECVRITAS: Security
REIPVBLICAE: Republic

Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm.

Domination: Copper AE3, size 17 mm

Mint: Asis, Siscia A= Alpha First Officina.

Comment:
Mint is Siscia, but I cant make out the control marks on the fields, so it could be RIC 7a or RIC 15a
John Schou
Valentinian_I_SECVRITAS_REIPVBLICAE_02.jpg
Valentinian I- SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE29 viewsValentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

Obverse
D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG

D N: Dominus Noster, our lord
VALENTINIANVS: Valentianus
P F: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse
SECVRITAS - REIPVBLICAE, Victory advancing left, wreath in right, palm frond in left
Across field: * / P left, M right

SECVRITAS: Security
REIPVBLICAE: Republic


Bronze AE 3, diameter 16.5 mm

The exergue:
ΔSISC, Siscia Δ= Delta fourth Officina gamma
ΓSISC, Siscia Γ= Gamma third oficina
Minted year: 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D

Comment:
Mint is Siscia, but I cant make out the exe:
ΔSISC, Siscia Δ= Delta fourth Officina gamma
ΓSISC, Siscia Γ= Gamma third oficina

looks like Mintmark XVII on ric 9 page 141.
in the footnote he says he s noted a Β SIS.
it could be a ε SIS , which would make it a not in RIC
John S
Valentinian II- Reparatio Reipublicae.jpg
Valentinian II- Reparatio Reipublicae37 viewsValentinian II, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.


Obverse:
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
DN VALENTIANVS PF AVG

DN: Dominus Noster

Valentianvs: Valentianus

PF, PIUS FELIX,

AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
REPARATIO REIPUBLICAE, restore the republic

REPARATIO: Restore

REIPUBLICAE: Republic

Emperor standing half left, raising kneeling turreted woman with right hand and holding Victory on globe in left.

Domination: Copper, AE2, size 24 mm

Mint: SMAQ ( Aquileia) P (Prima Oficina). Minted 378-383, RIC IX Aquileia 30c.

Comment:
The quick way to tell Val I from Val II Is Val I has a fatter rounder head.
John Schou
Valentinian II- Victoria.jpg
Valentinian II- SALVS REI PVBLICAE37 viewsValentinian II, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.


Obverse:
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.

DN VALENTINI - ANVS PF AVG

DN: Dominus Noster, our lord

VALENTINIANVS: Valentinian

PF, PIUS FELIX, piteous and happy

AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
SALVS REI PVBLICAE, Health of the republic

SALVS: Health
REI PVBLICAE: Republic

Victory advancing left, holding standard over shoulder and dragging captive

Domination: Copper, AE4, size 12 mm

Mint: Aquileia or Rome .

Comment:
This is the SALVS REI PVBLICAE type. This type was not struck for Valentininan I but only for Valentininan II. (and Theodosius I, Arcadius and Honorius). IF the obv. legend of the coin is broken DN VALENTINI - ANVS PF AVG then the mint is Aquileia or Rome. All other mints have unbroken obv. legends.
Source: Guido Bruck, Die spätrömische Kupferprägung, Graz/Austria 1961
John Schou
Valerian I- Sol.jpg
Valerian I- Sol29 viewsValerian I, c. September 253 - April, May or June 260 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG

IMP: Imperator, leader of the troops or general.
C: Caesar, usually means a junior in rank to Augustus and is usually designated as the heir apparent.
P: Princeps, means leader, or the first among equals, but carries the meaning of Prince or Caesar.
LIC: Licinius, one of his given names.
VALERIANVS: Valerianus
PF: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
ORIENS AVGG

ORIENS: Rising sun
AVGG: Augustus, emperors

Sol advancing left, raising right hand and holding whip in left


Domination: Bronze/ Billion Antoninianus, size 20 mm.

Mint: Rome, Göbl, in MIR 36, catalogs it as 110b, mint of Rome. Poor quality billon rather than bronze, though the color may have browned over the years. Officina ??
John Schou
Vespasian VICTORIA AVGVST S C.jpg
Vespasian- VICTORIA AVGVST S C376 viewsVespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate head right

IMP CAES VESP AVG COS III

IMP: Imperator, general
CAESAR: Caesar, emperor
VESP: Vespasian
AVG: Augustus, emperor
COS: Consul
III: 3 rd time

Reverse:

VICTORIA AVGVST S C,The emperors victory- By decree of the Senate

VICTORIA: Victory
AVGVST: Augusti
S—C: Senatus Consulto, By decree of the senate

Victory advancing right on prow holding palm across shoulder in left and wreath in right


Domination: Copper as, size 28 mm

Mint: Rome, RIC 503; C. 632; BMC 616; BN 595.
John S
Victorinus- Salus AVG.jpg
Victorinus- SALVS AVG359 viewsVictorinus, summer to November 268 - mid 271 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate cuirassed bust right

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
C: Caes
VICTORINVS: Victorinus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
SALVS AVG, the divine health

SALVS: Salus
AVG: Divine


Salus standing right feeding serpents in arms


Domination: Bronze antoninianus, AE 3, Size 19 mm.

Mint: Cologne mint, RIC 122, Zschucke 211 (7. emission, 1. officinae).
John Schou
Probus- Virtvs Probi Avg 1.jpg
Virtvs Probi Avg389 viewsProbus, summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate bust left in consular robe holding eagle- tripped scepter in right

IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG

IMP: Imperator
C: Ceasar
M: Marcus
AVR: Aurelias
PROBVS: Probus
PF: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse
VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Virtvs Probvs Avgvsti

VIRTVS: Virtvs
PROBI: Probvs
AVG: Avgvstvs

Mars walking right holding transverse spear in right and trophy over shoulder in left.

Denomination: Antoninianus Bronze, diameter 20 mm

Mint: Siscia. Making in RIC 810 Bust type H. It looks like XXIV or XXIVI, which would correspond to Alföldi 96/182.

http://probvs.info/probvs/R810/R810.html

http://probvs.info/probvs/R810/R810A.html

The coin will also be included on the RIC 810 page at PROBVS.info
John Schou
       
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