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15704aea.jpg
Kings of Axum73 viewsAnonymous (400 - 500 A.D.)
Ć 14
O: BAC + ACA, Crowned bust right, holding cross-tipped scepter
R: +TOV TO APECH TH XWPA, Greek Cross; central punch-hole inlaid in gold, Inscription "May this (cross) please the country."
Munro-Hay 76, BMC Aksumite 316
0.75g


One of the most curious aspects of Axumite coinage is the use of gilding on some of the silver and bronze coins. The amount of gold used would not be enough to significantly change the value of the coin, and the reason for this labor-intensive process remains somewhat a mystery. It is usually found highlighting the portrait of the king or as embellishment of the cross, so it may serve the same purpose as gold tesserae in church mosaics and gold leaf on manuscripts--to reflect the Divine Light shining on the monarch and the church.
2 commentsMat
Indo11004aufanam~0.jpg
India Fanam59 viewsIndia Gold Fanam
9mm, 0.4gms
Coorg. H#1.09.01

"...Sometimes called "crocodile fanams"...reverse is actually a boar standing right."
1 commentsMat
09090830~0.jpg
Western Kshatrapas: Rudrasimha I (178 - 197 A.D.)61 viewsO: Head of king right.
R. Chaitya (3-arched hill), river below, crescent moon and sun above, Brahmi legend around.
14.mm
2.0g
2 commentsMat
firal.jpg
INDIA, CHALUKYAS of GUJARAT (1030 - 1120 A.D.)66 viewsAR Drachm (gadhaiya paisa)
O: Degenerate Indo-Sasanian style bust right, sun and moon (crown?) above.
R: Stylized fire altar, sun (consisting of rosette of dots) above left, crescent moon above right.
4.4g
17mm
Deyell 158, Mitchiner Non-Islamic 427
4 commentsMat
sunga.jpg
SUNGA DYNASTY (185 - 75 B.C.)71 viewsĆ ˝ KARSHAPANA
O: Bull, elephant, swastika and staff symbols.
R: Hill, cross and tree symbols.
3.1g
14 x 15mm
MACW-4348
3 commentsMat
shap~0.jpg
Sasanian Kingdom, Shapur I (241-272 A.D.)43 viewsAR drachm
O: Bust of Shapur I right, wearing diadem and decorated tiara terminating in eagle head.
R: Fire altar flanked by two attendants wearing diadems and mural crowns.
25mm
4.33g
Göbl type I/1
4 commentsMat
levon.jpg
LEVON I (1198-1219 A.D.)36 viewsAr Tram Armenia
O: +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱԵՈՐ ՀԱՅՈ:   Levon enthroned facing, holding cross and lis-tipped scepter; throne decorated with lions .
R:  +ԿԱՐՈՂՈՒԹՆ ԱՍՏՈՒԾՈՅ: Two lions rampant back-to-back, each with head reverted; between, long cross pattée.
Mint: uncertain, 1198-1219 AD
21 mm
2.9 gm
Bedoukian 498
2 commentsMat
kus11.jpg
Chosroes II (Khusro II) (591-628 A.D.)52 viewsAR Drachm
O: GDH apzwt | hwslwb
Facing bust, head right, wearing winged crown with star and crescent, inside double dotted-border, crescents with stars at 3, 6 and 9 o'clock.
R: sycsyh | RD
Fire altar with two attendants standing facing, both hands on sword hilt, crescents on heads, all inside triple dotted-border, crescents with stars at 3, 6, 9 and 12 o'clock.
Year 33 (622/623)
LYW for Rev-Ardashir
4.1g
32mm
Göbl SN, Xusro II, IIb/3 (Plate XIII/211-215); Valentine 50
3 commentsMat
2XjN4a7N4QTco5KP9QfrJd6ZBbx38G.jpg
Kushans, Vima Taktu ("Soter Megas”) (80 - 100 A.D.)40 viewsĆ Tetradrachm
O: No legend. Diademed, radiate bust right, holding scepter; behind, tamgha; 12 rays above head.
R: BACIΛEV BACIΛEVWNCWTHP MEΓAC ("King of Kings, the Great Savior"). Horseman right, holding whip; before, tamgha.
20mm
9.09g
MACW 2935 ("Taxila series").

The actual name of the Kushan king called by the epithet "Soter Megas"("Great Savior") on his coins was unknown until the 1993 discovery of an inscription at Rabatak in Afghanistan, written by the Kushan king Kanishka. The Rabatak inscription lists the lineage of Kushan kings who had ruled up to that time: his great-grandfather Kujula Kadphises; his grandfather, Vima Taktu, his father, Vima Kadphises; and himself, Kanishka. Mention is seemingly also made of Vima Taktu in the Chinese chronicle Hou Hanshu, in relation to his father, Kujula Kadphises:

“Qiujiuque [Kujula Kadphises] was more than eighty years old when he died. His son, Yangaozhen [apparently Vima Taktu] became king in his place. He defeated Tianzhu [northwestern India] and installed generals to supervise and lead it. The Yuezhi then became extremely rich. All the kingdoms call [their king] the Guishuang[Kushan] king, but the Han call them by their original name, Da Yuezhi”.

Sequential (annual?) issues have been defined in the literature by counting the number of rays around the king's head, more rays being earlier and fewer rays being later.
2 commentsMat
jit.jpg
Samanta Deva (800 - 1000 A.D.)47 viewsIndia, Medieval Shahis
AR Jital
O: Recumbent zebu left; star, pellet, and upside-down crescent to left.
R: Horseman right, holding banner.
Kabul Mint
3.3g
18mm
Tye 14
2 commentsMat
square~0.jpg
ISLAMIC, IFRIQIYA, HAFSIDS, AH 700/ 1300 A.D.30 viewsSquare AR Dirham
O: Arabic legend in Nashki script لا اله الا الله الامر كله لله لا قوة الا بالله (There is no Lord except Allah; The command is all up to Allah; There is no power except through Allah)
R: Arabic legend in Nashki script الله ربنا محمد رسولنا المهدي امامنا (Allah is our Lord; Muhammad is our Messenger; al-Mahdi is our Imam)
1.33g
15x14mm
Hohertz 74; Album 514
Mat
mauryan1.jpg
India, Maurya, 4th-2nd century BCE46 viewsAR Karshapana
O: Five official punches.
R: One official mark.
3.3g
18mm
GH 549
1 commentsMat
otto.jpg
Ottoman Empire24 viewsAR Akce
Top left - Bayezid II 886 AH. Mint Novar., 0.68g
Top right - Selim II. 918 AH.,Edirne Mint., 0.64g
Bottom - Mehmed III. 1003 AH.,Belgrad Mint., 0.28g
Mat
nab.jpg
Malichus II & Shuqailat II (40 - 70 A.D.)29 viewsNabataean Kingdom
Ć Unit
O: Jugate busts of Malichus & Shuqailatt right
R: Crossed Cornucopia
1. WKLM
2. YQS
3. TL
from r. to l. MLKW / SQY / LT
= Maliku / Shuqailat
19mm
2.51g
SNG XI#I444
1 commentsMat
kush1.jpg
Anushirwan (Khusru I) (531-579AD)25 viewsAR Drachm
O: Crowned bust right.
R: Fire altar flanked by attendants; star and crescent flanking flames.
4.04g
30mm
BYSh mint(Bishapur in Iran), dated year 42 (572 A.D.)
Gobl SN II/2
1 commentsMat
celt.jpg
Celtic, Lower Danube, Uncertain tribe. 2nd century B.C.18 viewsAR Drachm
Imitating Philip III of Macedon
O: Head of Herakles wearing lions skin headdress knotted at throat, right.
R: Zeus enthroned holding eagle.
19mm
3.61g
Lanz 939; CCCBM I 203-4

Die crack at 1 O'Clock
Mat
bakti.jpg
Apollodotus II (80 - 65 B.C.)26 viewsAR Drachm
Bactrian Kingdom
O: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTPOΣ KAI ΦIΛOΠATPOΣ AΠOΛΛOΔOTOY; diademed and draped bust right.
R:Rev: "Maharajasa tratarasa Apaladatasa" in Karosthi; Athena Alkidemos advancing left, holding thunderbolt and aegis; monogram to right. 
2.21g
17mm
Bopearachchi Série 2D; SNG ANS 1544ff. 
2 commentsMat
kavad.jpg
Kavād (Kavādh) I 499 - 531 A.D.)45 viewsAR Drachm
Second Reign
O: Bust right, wearing mural crown with frontal crescent, two ribbons, and korymbos set on crescent, ribbons and crescents on shoulders; star behind head.
R: ire altar with ribbons; flanked by two attendants; RY to left, mint signature to right; star and crescent flanking flames.
BYŠ (Bīshāpūr) Mint,  Dated RY 37 (AD 525/6)
28mm
3.54g
SNS type Ic/1b; Sunrise
4 commentsMat
herm.jpg
Hermaios (90-70 B.C.)43 viewsIndo-Greek Kingdom
Imitation
AR Drachm
O: BASILEUS SUTHPOS EPMAIOY; Draped and diademed bust of Hermaios right. 
R: 'Maharaja Tratarasa Hermayasa' in Kharosthi script; Zeus enthroned left and holding sceptre, Monogram in left field.
2g
17mm
Bopearachchi Series 15C, 91; Senior issue 36
3 commentsMat
hun.jpg
HUNNIC TRIBES, Western Turks, Shahi Tegin (Sri Shahi) (After 679 A.D.)39 viewsBillion Drachm
O: Crowned bust right.
R: Fire altar flanked by attendants.
Uncertain mint in Bactria
28mm
3.2g
Vondrovec [Göbl, Hunnen] Type 236.
2 commentsMat
shapurii.jpg
Shapur II (309 - 379 A.D.)30 viewsAR Drachm
O: Crowned bust right.
R: Fire altar with bust of Ahura-Mazda in flames, and with two attendants.
26.6mm
3.45g
Göbl type 1a/6a
2 commentsMat
arm2.jpg
Constantine IV, King of Armenia *Gosdantin IV* (1365-1373 A.D.)25 viewsAR Takvorin
O: +ԿՈՍՏԸ(ԱՆԴԻՆ) (ԹԱԳԱ)ՈՐ ՀՈՑ, King riding right holding cross sceptre, below horse s
R.+ՉԻՆԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍԻՍ , lion right, right paw raised, cross in back, below s.
Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint,
18mm
1.98g
Bed.2106
1 commentsMat
parth.jpg
Vologases I (51 - 78 A.D.)40 viewsAR Drachm
O: Diademed bust left.
R: OΛCIΛEΛC OΛCIΛEΛN ΛIIΛI ΛIXVΛ EΠIΦΛHO ΦIΛEΛΛ, Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow; monogram below bow.
Ekbatana mint
3.71g
21mm
Sellwood 70.13
1 commentsMat
peroz~0.jpg
Peroz (459 - 484 A.D.)32 viewsAR Drachm
O: Crowned bust right, crescent on forehead.
R: Fire altar with attendants and ribbon, star and crescent flanking flames; mint to right. (Stuck years 3-8 of reign)
26mm
4g
Gobl Type II
4 commentsMat
orodes.jpg
Orodes II (57 - 38 B.C.)25 viewsAR Drachm
O: Diademed and draped bust left, wearing medium beard.
R: IΛΣIΛEΩΣ IΛΣIΛEΩN (EV)EPΓEToVEΠIΦΛNoVΣ (Φ)IΛEΛΛHNoΣ, Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow; monogram below bow.
Ekbatana (Ecbatana) or Rhagae Mint
3.5g
20mm
Sellwood 46.9 (Ecbatana) or 46.11 (Rhagae)
2 commentsMat
akbar.jpg
Jalal al-Din Muhammad Akbar (963-1014 AH / 1556 - 1605 A.D.)18 viewsAR Rupee
INDIA, Mughal Empire
O الله اکبر; Allahu Akbar (God is Greatest) R:جل جلاله ٣٣ الهی; Jalle Jalalahu, Ilahi 33 (His Glory is Great, Ilahi 33)
19x19
10.96g
1 commentsMat
siglos2.jpg
Darius II - Artaxerxes II, (420 - 375 B.C.)32 viewsPersian Empire, Lydia, Anatolia
AR Siglos
O: Kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, bearded, crowned, dagger in right hand, bow in left hand, waist indicated, pellets on sleeves.
R: Oblong incuse.
Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint
14mm
5.2g
Carradice Type IV (middle) B, pl. XIV, 43; SNG Kayhan 1033; SGCV II 4683
2 commentsMat
horiv.jpg
Ohrmazd (Hormizd) IV (579-590 A.D.)35 viewsAR Drachm
O: Facing bust, head right, wearing crown with tassel to left and surmounted by crescent with vertical lines; single-dotted border, crescent with star at 3, 6 and 9 o'clock.
R: Fire altar with two attendants, wearing tall headgear, inside single-dotted border; no marks outside border.
GW (Gurgan) mint, dated regnal year 9 = 587/8 CE.
32mm
4.1g
Göbl, Sasanian Numismatics, Hormizd IV, crown type I, reverse type 1
5 commentsMat
parthtet.jpg
Phraates IV (38 - 2 B.C.)62 viewsAR Tetradrachm
O: Diademed and draped bust left, wart on forehead, wearing pointed beard and torque with no end visible; all within pelleted border.
R: BACILE[WS] BACILEWN ARSAKO[U] EUERGETOU DIKAIOU EPIFANOU[S] FILELLHN[OS], Phraates seated right on throne, Tyche standing left before him, presenting a palm and holding cornucopiae; year between throne legs, [month in exergue]
Seleukeia on the Tigris mint.
30mm
15g
Sellwood 51
6 commentsMat
volgasiii.jpg
Vologases III (105–147 A.D.) (Sellwood; Shore)/Pacorus I (Assar)52 viewsAR Drachm
O: Diademed bust left, wearing longer pointed, beard.
R: ⧠ΛIIΛͰΛC ⧠ΛIIΛͰΛͶ ΛͰIΛNO(V) ΛIXΛIOV (E)ΠIΦΛͶOVC (ΦI)ΛIΛΛHX(OC), Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow; monogram below bow.
Ekbatana mint
3.75g
20mm
Sellwood 78.5 (Vologases III); Sunrise –; Shore 415 (Vologases III).
2 commentsMat
mathii.jpg
Mithradates II (121 - 91 B.C.)32 viewsAR Drachm
O:  Long-bearded bust left wearing diadem.
R: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ − ΒΑΣΙ − ΛΕΩΝ − ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ / ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ / ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow.
Ekbatana mint. Struck 109-96/5 B.C.
4.13g
21mm
Sellwood 27.2; Sunrise 294; Shore 86.
4 commentsMat
mathiii.jpg
Mithradates III (87 - 80 B.C.) 23 viewsAR Drachm
O: Diademed bust of king left, wearing tiara decorated with 6 pointed star.
R: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡ−ΣΑΚΟΥ ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ, 7-line legend around archer.
Rhagai mint
3.74g
20mm
Sellwood 31.6 (Orodes I); Sunrise –; Shore 123 (Orodes I)
1 commentsMat
got.jpg
Gotarzes II (44 - 51 AD)26 viewsAR Drachm
O: Diademed bust left.
R: (OΛCIΛCΩC) OΛCIΛ(EΩN) (Λ)I(3 dots)IΛNO(V) ΔIXΛIOV I(3 dots)VI(3 dots)PΓI.TO(V) (EΠ)IΦΛNOVC (ΦIΛEΛ)ΛHXO(C), / Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow; monogram below bow.
 Ekbatana mint
20.5mm
3.77g
Sellwood 65.33; Sunrise –; Shore 364
3 commentsMat
pa636.jpg
Meherdates (50 - 49 A.D.)11 viewsAR Drachm
O: Bust facing with moustache and very short beard, royal wart on brow, tiara with ear flaps and ornamented with a horn on each side, diadem loop and end extending on each side, flanked by two six-pointed stars.
R: Blundered Greek legend forming square around, archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, bow in extended right hand, cross below seat, Ekbatana mint monogram below bow.
2.8g
21mm
Ekbatana mint.
Sunrise 417/418 (Meherdates); Sellwood 67.1 (Vonones II); Shore 368 (Vonones II)
1 commentsMat
voliv.jpg
Vologases IV (147 - 191 A.D.)7 viewsAR Tetradrachm
O: Diademed bust left, wearing long beard, earring, and tiara decorated with “hooks”; B to right; all within pelleted border.
O:  ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΝ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΟΛΟΓΑΣΟΥ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΣ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣΣ)[I] (month) in exergue.king enthroned to right receiving diadem from Tyche holding sceptre
Dated 495 ΕϘΥ ΑΠΕΛ (183 AD)
Seleucia mint
25mm
10.96
Sellwood 84.96-103 cf. Shore 432.
Mat
 
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