FORVM's Classical Numismatics Gallery
For Classical Numismatics Discussion Board Members

 


Home > Member Collections > David Atherton > Vespasian Imperial and Provincial Silver

TITLE  +   - 
FILE NAME  +   - 
DATE  +   - 
POSITION  +   - 
Vesp IVDAEA.jpg
Vespasian RIC 02 279 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 2 (C2), BMC 35, RSC 226
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: IVDAEA in ex.; Jewess (as type of Judaea), draped and veiled, seated r. on ground in attitude of mourning, knees drawn up, head resting on l. hand, which is propped on knees, r. arm on lap; behind, trophy, consisting of helmet, cuirass, oblong and round shield, greaves, and two round shields.
VF

A reverse which commemorates the Roman victory over the Jews in the Jewish war of 66-70 A.D. Here is what the BMCRE stated about the reverse: "The veil over her head, the head sunk over her hand, her whole posture express utter dejection." One of the most important historical types of the Flavian dynasty.

A coin that has a wonderful 'soldier-like' portrait and very detailed reverse. Very well centered for the type, most of which were struck on small flans.
Vespasian70
V4.jpg
Vespasian RIC 0472 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 4 (R), BMC 43, RSC 229
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: IVDAEA in ex.; Jewess (as type of Judaea), draped and veiled, seated r. on ground, head inclined downwards, l. knee drawn up, hand bound behind back and fastened to palm-tree
VF

The reverse commemorates the end of the Jewish War and is part of the 'Judaea Capta' series that Vespasian issued soon after he became emperor. The coin depicts a Jewess, seated before a palm tree (representing the land of Judaea), with her hands tied behind her back and in mourning. Clearly no academic interpretation is needed to understand what is meant by this reverse design.
This particular reverse is a much scarcer type than the standard Jewess seated before trophy. Possibly it was considered too harsh and was discontinued, explaining its rarity. Was this type minted first and then the milder form of the design appeared?

This coin is a replacement upgrade for one I purchased six years ago. Is it better? I'm not so sure. The flan is oblong (but large at 21.5 mm), the obverse slightly double struck, and the details are not as sharp on the reverse. With all that being said, I like the toning, the beaded border is almost in full on the reverse (a rarity for an early Vespasian denarius), and the style is quite attractive. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder after all.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
vesp_horseback.jpg
Vespasian RIC 0580 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 5 (R), BMC p. 7. RSC 539
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IV; Titus and Domitian riding r., hands outstretched
F

A denarius of Vespasian from his first issue at Rome, dated from December 69 AD to early 70 AD by the new RIC. The reverse depicts Titus and Domitian galloping with their hands outstretched, an obvious dynastic type with the two princes 'as armed warriors on horseback' (BMCRE II p. xxxiii).

It was very important to Vespasian to establish the fact that his son(s) would succeed him. Indeed Suetonius writes 'either his sons would succeed him or nobody would' (Suet. Vesp. 25) which the numismatic evidence backs up. No less than 3 different precious metal dynastic types were minted at Rome in the first months of the new regime: The present type with Titus and Domitian on horseback, another with them seated on curule chairs, and a third with their confronting busts. Arguably, the horseback type is the rarest of the three with the confronting busts by far the most common.

My example is not a particularly well preserved specimen, but I am most pleased with it.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
vesp titus dom curule chairs.jpg
Vespasian RIC 06103 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 6 (R), BMC 45 note, RSC 541
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IV; Titus and Domitian, togate, seated l. side by side on curule chairs, each holding branch extended in r. hand, l. hands at sides.
aVF

A reverse that announces Vespasian's desire to found a dynasty. Titus and Domitian are represented here as magistrates holding the branch of peace. A rare type.

A coin that looks much better in hand than the picture allows. I was pleasantly surprised when I first saw it. A reverse I have sought after for quite sometime. Earlier this year (2006) Harlan J Berk sold a coin of this type that was both an obv. and rev. die match with mine. After a casual look around, I was able to locate another die match.
Vespasian70
vesp titus domitian.jpg
Vespasian RIC 16279 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 16 (R), BMC 2, RSC 5
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: CAESAR AVG F COS CAESAR AVG F PR; Bare heads of Titus on l. and Domitian on r., facing one another.
VF

This coin was issued by Vespasian during the first year of his reign to announce the beginning of a new dynasty. After the chaos of the Civil War, Rome badly needed stability and Vespasian would provide it.

This has become one of my favorite coins in my collection. The toning is superb and the fine style of the portraits are to "die" for.
4 commentsVespasian70
vesp. fortuna rev..JPG
Vespasian RIC 19117 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 19 (C), BMC 7, RSC 84.
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, lauerate, r.
Rev: COS ITER FORT RED; Fortuna, draped, standing l.,setting r. hand on prow and holding cornucopiae in l. hand.
VF+

A reverse type that wishes for a safe return of the new emperor Vespasian back to Rome after the end of the Civil war. Fortuna's hand resting on a prow is quite appropriate.

A nice coin marred only by the slightly off center obverse. The die cutters were still finding it difficult to come up with a portrait of the new emperor.
1 commentsVespasian70
vespasian aequitas.JPG
Vespasian RIC 21108 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 21 (C), BMC 17, RSC 94a
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS ITER TR POT; Aequitas, draped, standing l., holding scales in r. hand, transverse rod in l.
VF

Issued during Vespasian's first year some of these coins exhibit portraits that resemble Vitellius. This one has some of those traits. Vespasian was either in Egypt or on his way to Rome when many of these coins were struck. The die cutters most likely did not have Vespasian's bust to work from and used modified busts of Vitellius.

Believe it or not this is not a common reverse type to find. I had much difficulty in locating one in VF condition and in a style that I found pleasing.
2 commentsVespasian70
VESP MARS WALKING.JPG
Vespasian RIC 2398 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 23 (C), BMC 11, RSC 87
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS ITER TR POT; Mars, helmeted, naked except for cloak round waist, advancing r., holding spear in r., holding spear in r. hand, and aquila over l. shoulder in l.
VF

Mars represented here may be a reference to the recent Judaean War or the Civil War.

What is interesting about this coin is the Galba like portrait on the obverse. Before Vespasian's arrival in Rome, the engravers must have been really struggling to come up with a portrait of him, hence the reworked Galba die.
1 commentsVespasian70
vesp nep~0.jpg
Vespasian RIC 2541 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 70 AD
RIC 25 (R), BMC 14, RSC 90
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS ITER TR POT; Neptune stg. l., foot on prow, with dolphin and trident.
aVF

This coin commemorates Vespasian's return to Rome in October of 70 AD (RIC II p 19). Neptune, as god of the sea, is given his just due in Vespasian's safe voyage home. This coin type was copied by Lugdunum. Antioch also had a variation of the Neptune reverse (with a globe instead of a prow).

Considered rare by the RIC, I had a most difficult time locating this reverse type from Rome. Vespasian looks a bit bemused in this portrait, which I find very appealing.
Vespasian70
vespasian pax standing.JPG
Vespasian RIC 2777 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 27 (C), BMC 21, RSC 94g
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS ITER TR POT; Pax, draped, standing l., holding branch extended in r. hand and winged caduceus in l.
aVF

A first year issue of Vespasian's and one of his first Pax reverses. A nice sentiment after a bloody year of Civil War.

Another reverse type that is difficult to find. The Pax seated types are much more common.
3 commentsVespasian70
Vesp Pax 2.JPG
Vespasian RIC 29163 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 29 (C3), BMC 26, RSC 94h
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS ITER TR POT; Pax, draped, seated l., holding branch extended in r. hand and winged caduceus in l.
VF

Pax was to be a major reverse theme for Vespasian's coinage. This is one of the first reverses featuring Pax (the other is BMCRE 21, Pax standing).

A pleasing coin of a common type.
2 commentsVespasian70
58678q00.jpg
Vespasian RIC 3957 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 71 AD
RIC 39 (R), BMC 59A, RSC 564
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: TRI POT II COS III P P; Mars adv. r., with spear and aquila
VF

A very rare Vespasian denarius from 71 AD. The reverse features the familiar Mars walking right with spear and aquila, nothing new there...however, it's the shorter obverse legend used in early 71 and the (unique to this series) TRI POT II COS III P P reverse legend that makes this a rare denarius. Oddly enough, the only other denarius from the same series (Pax seated) was minted in copious amounts.

The coin itself has deep cabinet toning and good centering. Very nice in hand. Vespasian seems to be cracking a rare smile too.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
vespasian pax 71.JPG
Vespasian RIC 4175 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 70-71 AD
RIC 41 (C2), BMC 61, RSC 566
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: TRI POT II COS III P P; Pax, draped, seated l., holding branch in extended r. hand and winged caduceus in l.
VF

Pax was a dominant reverse type for Vespasian, one could say it was his 'campgate'. After the Civil Wars and the war in Judaea, peace was something everyone wanted and needed. There are at least four different reverse types that depict Pax on his denarii.

A lovely coin with a solid portrait.
Vespasian70
vesp pon max implements.JPG
Vespasian RIC 4278 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 71 AD
RIC 42 (R), BMC 48, RSC 42
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: Above, AVGVR, below, PON MAX; Simpulum, sprinkler, jug and lituus.
VF

A reverse which underlines Vespasian's role as 'pontifex maximus'. In Novemeber of 70, Vespasian added P.M. to his title, hence the religious nature of many of the reverses of this issue.

A Very rare reverse to find with the PON MAX legend, most examples have TRI POT instead.

The coin itself suffers from some light scratches due to cleaning but this does not detract from it's over all appeal.
Vespasian70
vesp priestly implements.jpg
Vespasian RIC 4371 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 71 AD
RIC 43 (C2), BMC 50, RSC 43
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: Above AVGVR, below, TRI POT; Simpulum, sprinkler, jug, and lituus.
aVF

The most common obverse legend with this reverse type. This reverse stresses Vespasian's religious role as Pontifix Maximus, symbolised by the simpulum, sprinkler, and jug. The lituus is the symbol of the augurate.

A fairly decent coin in good shape. The flan is a bit ragged, owed no doubt to lack of the mint's quality control early in Vespasian's reign.
Vespasian70
vespasian pon max vesta.jpg
Vespasian RIC 4564 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 70-71 AD
RIC 45 (C), BMC 55, RSC 358
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PON MAX across field; Vesta, draped, hooded, seated l., holding simpulum in extended r. hand, l. hand at side.
VF

The Vesta type represents the religious function of the Emperor. Vespasian seemed to be stressing his priestly duties as chief priest with many of the reverse types of this issue.

A most difficult coin to find with the PON MAX reverse, despite it being a common coin. The TRI POT reverse of this type is far more common, why it is I do not know.

An ordinary coin, a bit off center on the obverse and more so with the reverse. Still it is a decent example of the type.
1 commentsVespasian70
vesp tri pot.JPG
Vespasian RIC 4678 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 70-71 AD
RIC 46 (C2), BMC 57, RSC 561
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: TRI POT across field; Vesta, draped, hooded, seated l., holding simpulum in extended r. hand, l. hand at side.
VF

A very common reverse type in good condition.
1 commentsVespasian70
vesp quadriga rome.JPG
Vespasian RIC 49147 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 71 AD
RIC 49 (R2), BMC p. 14 note, RSC 643v.
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: No legend. Vespasian laureate, standing in triumphal quadriga r., horses pacing, holding branch in r. hand and sceptre in l.
VF

This reverse celebrates Vespasian and Titus' Judaean Triumph at Rome.

Most examples of this reverse type are Antioch mint issues which copy the Rome mint type.

This example is unusual because of the obverse legend IMP CAES VESP AVG PM. RSC records this reverse with COS IIII, which is the Antioch type.

This example is a rare official variant which Ian Carradice knows of only three other specimens.

RIC II plate coin.

Kind thanks to Harry Sneh for the attribution help.
2 commentsVespasian70
RIC_V356.jpg
Vespasian RIC-35679 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 72-73 AD
RIC 356 (C3), BMC 64, RSC 45
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: AVGVR (above) TRI POT (below); Priestly implements
VF+

Good example of an extremely common type.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
vesp concordia rome.jpg
Vespasian RIC-357110 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 72-73 AD
RIC 357 (C2), BMC 65, RSC 74
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVGVSTI; Concordia, draped, seated l., holding patera extended in r. hand and cornucopiae in l.
VF+/F+

A fairly common coin for Vespasian issued early in his reign. The BMC states that this coin celebrates Vespasian sharing power with Titus.

This revese was also issued from the Antioch mint.
2 commentsVespasian70
vesp vesta bmc 70 a.jpg
Vespasian RIC-35945 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 72-73 AD
RIC 359 (C), BMC 70, RSC 563
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: TRI POT across field; Vesta, draped, veiled, seated l., holding simpulum in r. hand, l. hand at side.
VF

A third type of Vesta seated, this one from 72-73 AD. A common coin on a small flan. The portrait redeems it.
Vespasian70
vespasian vesta.jpg
Vespasian RIC-36070 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 72-73 AD
RIC 360 (C2), BMC 71, RSC 574
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: VES-TA across field; Vesta, draped, veiled, standing l., holding simpulum in extended r. hand and vertical sceptre in l.
VF/aVF

Vespasian70
vesp den victoria augusta.JPG
Vespasian RIC-362178 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 72-73 AD
RIC 362 (C2), BMC 74, RSC 618,
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: VICTORIA AVGVSTI; Victory, draped, advancing r., holding palm over l. shoulder in l. hand and with r. about to place wreath on a standard set in ground on r.
VF+

A coin which is part of Vespasian's IVDAEA CAPTA series. Here Victory is placing a wreath on a military standard, 'Victory crowning the successful arms of Rome'.

One of my favorite coins.
4 commentsVespasian70
vespasian salus.JPG
Vespasian RIC-513131 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 73 AD
RIC 513 (C2), BMC 105, RSC 431, RCV 2307var.
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CEN; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: SALVS AVG; Salus, draped, seated l., holding patera in extended r. hand. l. arm at side.
EF

The BMCRE credits this reverse to the safety of the emperor, a possibility that a recent plot had been thwarted.

A new hoard coin in excellent condition and struck on a large flan.
2 commentsVespasian70
RIC_514.jpg
Vespasian RIC-51444 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC 514 (C), BMC 101, RSC 516
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CEN; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: S P Q R in wreath
VF

The reverse depicts an oak wreath that was bestowed upon Vespasian by the 'senate and the people of Rome'. The occasion for such an offering is not known, although the BMCRE speculates (p. xxxvi) it could have been the 'Vota quinquennalia' which was paid the same year.

Good metal with an above average portrait.

1 commentsDavid Atherton
vesp fides pvbl.JPG
Vespasian RIC-52068 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 73 AD
RIC 520 (C), BMC 86, RSC 164
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII CEN; Head of Vespasian, laureate r.
Rev: FIDES PVBL; Clasped hands holding winged caduceus upright, between poppy and corn-ear on either side.
VF+

A reverse type that has many different interpretations. The BMCRE states "the clasped hands symbolize concord, the caduceus commercial prosperity, and the poppy and corn ears for agriculture." The legend FIDES PVBL means the promise of public protection.

Another hard to find reverse type. The above picture is a preliminary dealer picture. The reverse is a bit off center, but the coin is in excellent condition.
1 commentsVespasian70
vesp_salus2.JPG
Vespasian RIC-52257 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC 522 (C), BMC 87, RSC 432
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII CEN; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: SALVS AVG; Salus std. l., with patera
VF

Salus, the personification of health and welfare, is seen here overseeing the Emperor's health and safety.

Salus is seen twice on Vespasian's denarii. This example with the longer COS IIII obverse legend is the rarer of the two types.
2 commentsvespasian70
vespspqr1.JPG
Vespasian RIC-52335 viewsAR Denarius
Rome Mint, 73 AD
RIC 523 (C), BMC 86a, RSC 517
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII CEN; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: S P Q R in oak wreath
F+

Despite being listed as "common" in RIC this is a tough coin to find. Worn but the portrait is quite good and the reverse is well centered and fully struck.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
vespasian_nemesis1.JPG
Vespasian RIC-54452 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 73 AD
RIC 544 (R), BMC 97, RSC 385
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Nemesis adv. r., holding caduceus over snake
F+

The reverse of course is a direct copy from a denarius of Claudius. Curtis Clay has proposed that many of these types were recycled because Vespasian melted down many older denarii and minted these older reverse types to replace them. It would be interesting to know why certain types were chosen and others forgotten about. Did Nemesis hold a special meaning to the Flavians?

This type was a difficult one for me to track down!

Forgive the dodgy dealer photo.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
vesp. seated rare.jpg
VespasiAN RIC-54561 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 73 AD
RIC 545 (C), BMC 98 var., RSC 387a
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CEN; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM (r. to l., outwardly); Vespasian, togate, seated r., feet on stool, holding vertical sceptre in r. hand and branch in l.
VF

This is an uncommon obverse legend variant of a very common reverse. Issued in 73 AD, the obverse legend on this coin reads IMP CAES VESP AVG CEN. Normally this type has the obverse legend as IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS.

Not listed in RIC but noted in the BMCRE p. 19.

A very minor variant to be sure, but to a Flavian specialist like myself, this is a wondeful find. The coin itself is a prime example of Early Flavian coinage with some wear.


Vespasian70
pars coins vesp.JPG
Vespasian RIC-546129 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC 546 (C3), BMC 98, RSC 387
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Vespasian, togate, seated r., feet on stool, holding vertical sceptre in r. hand and branch in l.
EF

A reverse that echoes the 'Tibute penny' of Tiberius. Vespasian as 'peace bringer'.

One of my favorite reverse types, here in excellent condition. The detail on the toga is magnificent.
2 commentsVespasian70
vesp spqr.jpg
Vespasian RIC-54786 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 73 AD
RIC 547 (C), BMC 103, RSC 516
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CEN; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: SPQR in oak-wreath, underneath which are seen palms (?).
aEF/EF

The wreath is the Corona Civica. What did Vespasian do in 73 A.D. to be awarded this honor by the Senate and People of Rome?

The occasion of this issue is in doubt. The BMCRE sites the restoration of Achaea back to the Senate as one possibility.

I love this reverse. The main reason I purchased this example is because of the wonderful detail and lovely style of the reverse. Most examples I have seen of this type are very worn and do not show the oak-wreath in such fine detail.
2 commentsVespasian70
vespasian laurel-trees.JPG
Vespasian RIC-68199 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 74 AD
RIC 681 (R), BMC 133, RSC 110
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS V across field; Laurel trees, two, upright
VF+

A direct copy of a reverse of Augustus. The two laurel-branches symbolise the laurel trees planted outside augustus' door.

A fairly rare reverse type, marred slightly by the porosity due either to the state of preservation or harsh cleaning; otherwise a fine denarius.
1 commentsVespasian70
V683.jpg
Vespasian RIC-68363 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 74 AD
RIC 683 (R), BMC 135, RSC 363
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PON MAXTR P COS V; Vespasian std. r. on curule chair, with sceptre and branch
aVF

I had a most difficult time tracking this type down. Apparently it is fairly rare with this obverse legend.

Not a bad little coin. A fairly average mid-period Vespasian denarius with a typical portrait. It's nice that the obverse legend is in full here, which is what makes this type rare.

7 commentsDavid Atherton
V684.JPG
Vespasian RIC-68444 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 74 AD
RIC 684 (C), BMC 137, RSC 361
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS V; Caduceus, winged
F+

A common coin found not so commonly! There is another caduceus type from this series with the same obverse legend and PONTIF MAXIM on the reverse. Both types from the series are fairly rare.

A decent coin in acceptable condition.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
58ee_1_b.JPG
Vespasian RIC-68541 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 74 AD
RIC 685 (R), BMC p. 27*, RSC 386
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, right.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Vespasian, seated right on curule chair, with sceptre and branch.
aVF

This coin is considered rare by the RIC and it was a bit difficult for me to find a nice example. A type which commemorates Vespasian as head of the state religion.

Good specimen in average condition.
Vespasian70
VESP PON MAX CAD.JPG
Vespasian RIC-68672 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 74 AD
RIC 686 (R), BMC 146, RSC 366
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Winged Caduceus, up-right.
VF

The BMCRE states that this reverse is to be associated with the censorship.

A good example of mid-period Vespasian coinage. A reverse that is hard to find with the PONTIF MAXIM legend.
1 commentsVespasian70
vesp seated 74.JPG
Vespasian RIC-70274 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 74 AD
RIC 702 (C), BMC 136, RSC 364
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS V; Vespasian, togate, seated r. on curule chair, feet on stool, holding vertical sceptre in r. hand and branch extended in l.
VF

A coin that represents the Emperor as peace-bringer.

This reverse type brings to mind Tiberius' famous "tribute penny". The figure here is male, not female however.
Vespasian70
vespasian caduceus.JPG
Vespasian RIC-70385 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 74 AD
RIC 703 (C2), BMC 138, RSC 362
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS V; Winged, caduceus, upright.
VF

A fairly good example of a common type.
2 commentsVespasian70
vesp pax75.JPG
Vespasian RIC-77273 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 75 AD
RIC 772 (C3), BMC 161, RSC 566
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS VI; Pax, bare to the waist, seated l., holding branch extended in r. hand, l. hand on lap.
VF+

Another of Vespasian's Pax types, continuing a major theme in his coinage.

This coin has sentimental value for being the first Flavian denarius I ever bought. A nice one at that too.
Vespasian70
VESP SECURITAS.jpg
Vespasian RIC-77459 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 75 AD
RIC 774 (C), BMC 165, RSC 367
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS VI; Securitas, bare to the waist, seated l., feet on stoll, r. arm bent and resting on head, l. arm on side of chair.
VF/aVF

This type is commonly confused with the similar Pax reverse of the same year.
A well toned example of a hard to find reverse.
Vespasian70
vesp cista mystica.JPG
Vespasian RIC-77684 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 75 AD
RIC 776 (R), BMC 169, RSC 369
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS VI; Victory, draped, holding wreath extended in r. hand and palm upright in l., standing l. on 'cista mystica', on either side of which is a snake, coiling up on it's tail, facing inwardly.
F+

A reverse type that may have been minted for distribution in the Eastern provinces to compensate for the recent closings of the Imperial mints in that region.
1 commentsVespasian70
vespasian victory and prow.JPG
Vespasian RIC-77760 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 75 AD
RIC 777 (C2), BMC 166, RSC 368
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS VI; Victory, draped, standing l. on prow, holding wreath extended in r. hand and palm upright in l.
VF

Here is another reverse that is a bit scarce.
Vespasian70
vesp heifer.JPG
Vespasian RIC-84180 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 76 AD
RIC 841 (C), BMC 177, RSC 118
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS VII; Heifer standing r.
aEF

A reverse that is part of Vespasian's agrarian series promoting the agricultural productivity of Italia and his responsibility for it.

A denarius in good condition and no major flaws. A welcomed addition to the collection.
Vespasian70
vesp eagle right.jpg
Vespasian RIC-84575 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 845 (C2), BMC 179, RSC 122
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS VII across field; Eagle, with wings spread, standing front on low garlanded base, head r.
VF

The scarcer right facing eagle variant of this common type.

A much better coin in hand than the picture would lead you to believe. Surprisingly I had a tough time finding this minor variant in decent condition.
1 commentsVespasian70
V846a.jpg
Vespasian RIC-84637 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 76 AD
RIC 846 (R), BMC p. 34 note, RSC 122a
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: COS VII across field; Eagle stg. front on garlanded base, thunderbolt in claws, wings open, head r.
VF

A fairly rare denarius with portrait left and the head of the eagle to the right.

Deep toning combined with an artistic portrait makes this a wonderful coin with plenty of in hand eye appeal.

3 commentsDavid Atherton
vesp r eagle.jpg
Vespasian RIC-84798 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 76 AD
RIC 847 (C2), BMC 180, RSC 121
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS VII across field; Eagle with wings spread, standing front on low garlanded base, head l.
VF

The reverse is possibly a reference to Mucianius' death, which occured around the time the coin was minted. Mucianius being the Governor of Syria when Vespasian made his bid for the purple and helped him secure the throne.

I love the portrait on this coin, Vespasian seems to be smirking...the eagle isn't a bad one either. A few flan flaws and dodgy obverse legends do not detract from the eye appeal.

1 commentsVespasian70
vesp den eagle.JPG
Vespasian RIC-848131 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 76 AD
RIC 848 (C), BMC 184, RSC 120
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: COS VII across field; Eagle, with wings spread, standing front on low garland base, head l.
VF

The BMCR speculates this reverse commemorates the passing of Mucianus 'the Emperor-maker', the former governor of Syria who helped Vespasian come to power. The eagle is a symbol of the afterlife.

A left facing bust of this type which is a bit scarcer than the right facing one.
4 commentsVespasian70
vesp r jupiter.jpg
Vespasian RIC-84954 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 75-79 AD
RIC 849 (C3), BMC 276, RSC 222
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: IOVIS CVSTOS; Jupiter, bearded, naked, standing facing, sacrificing out of patera in r. hand over low garlanded altar and holding long vertical sceptre in l.
VF

Possibly a reverse that refers to a failed plot against the emperor, Jupiter is scene here as his own worshipper. Similar in theme to the previous Neronian Iuppiter Custos reverse.

A nicely centered denarius with no obvious flaws. A good example of prime Flavian coinage.
1 commentsVespasian70
5020b.jpg
Vespasian RIC-85076 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 76 AD
RIC 850 (R2), BMC 279, RSC 554
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: IOVIS CVSTOS; Jupiter, bearded, naked, standing facing, sacrificing out of patera in r. hand over low garland altar and holding long vertical sceptre in l.
VF+
1 commentsVespasian70
vespasian mars.JPG
Vespasian RIC-93767 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 77 AD
RIC 937 (C2), BMC 200, RSC 125
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS VIII; Mars, helmeted, naked except for cloak, fastened with belt(?)round waist, standing l., holding spear slanting upwards l. in r. hand and trophy on l. shoulder in l.
VF

A 'Mars triumphant' type which again copies a famous reverse from the past, this time that of L. Valerius Flaccus circa 108 B.C.

2 commentsVespasian70
vesp l mars.jpg
Vespasian RIC-93830 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 938 (C), BMC 202, RSC 126
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: COS VIII; Mars, helmeted, naked except for cloak, fastened with belt (?) round waist, standing l., holding spear slanting upwards l. in r. hand and trophy on l. shoulder in l.
aVF

The scarcer left facing obverse bust of the 'Mars triumphant' type.

A nice denarius, even if the reverse is a bit worn, with a good portrait.
Vespasian70
cc46938a.jpg
Vespasian RIC-93942 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 939 (R), BMC 203, RSC 129
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS VIII; Mars, helmeted, naked except for cloak, fastened with belt (?) round waist, standing l., holding spear slanting upwards l. in r. hand and trophy on l. shoulder in l. Corn-ear upright in ground r.
F+

A rare variant containing a wheat-ear of the common Mars reverse, possibly to symbolize the peace and prosperity Roman arms has brought the people.

I had a difficult time finding a decent example of this type...patience has paid off and I'm very happy to add this respectable denarius to the collection.
Vespasian70
p6_1992.jpg
Vespasian RIC-94028 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 940 (R), BMC p. 37 note, RSC 127
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: COS VIII; Mars stg. l., with spear and trophy, and to r., corn ear
VF/aVF

The type is not exceedingly rare, but wasn't the easiest to obtain with head left. The difference between this type and the typical Mars reverse is the corn ear, which fits in with the agrarian series being minted at the time.
David Atherton
vespasian prow and star.JPG
Vespasian RIC-941110 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 941 (C), BMC 210, RSC 136
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS VIII; Prow r. : above, star of eight rays.
VF

A reverse type which copies one from Marc Antony's coinage.

Obviously a major feature of Vespasian's coinage was his recoining of many past reverse types. I don't think they were chosen at random and many of these must have had some sort of contemporary meaning.

This has always been an intriguing reverse type in my opinion. I'm not quite sure what a star and prow have to do with one another, but they do create an eye appealing reverse design.
4 commentsVespasian70
vespas_l_star_and_prow.jpg
Vespasian RIC-94249 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 942 (C), BMC 211, RSC 137
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: COS VIII; Prow r: above, eight pointed star
aVF

The RIC lists it as common, but I think it's slightly rarer than the right facing, which is also listed as common. Indeed Curtis Clay has informed me that the Reka Devnia hoard records 2 right facing and only 1 left facing portrait.

A bit porous, but with a full legend and decent portrait.
4 commentsVespasian70
vesp oxen and yoke.JPG
Vespasian RIC-94391 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 943 (C), BMC 206, RSC 133
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS VIII in ex.; Pair of Oxen, under yoke, l.
VF

This coin was struck as a part of Vespasian's agricultural issue in 77 A.D. The BMCRE also states it may be a "colonist" type, "referring to an extension of the pomoerium."

A very nice coin.
2 commentsVespasian70
vesp l oxen.jpg
Vespasian RIC-94479 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 944 (C), BMC 209, RSC 134a
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: COS VIII in ex.; Pair of Oxen, under yoke, l.
VF+

This reverse is part of an agrian programme Vespasian implemented. Most of the types issued around this time echo the same country theme (goat herder milking goat, modius, Sow and piglets, ect...). This is the rarer left facing bust of the type, which were minted by a ratio of 10:1 to the right facing busts.

A wonderful coin with a high relief reverse, sturdy portrait, and in a good style. A fine example of Flavian coinage. I was very happy to add this to the collection.
Vespasian70
vespasian annona.jpg
Vespasian RIC-96479 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 964 (C2), BMC 295, RSC 28
Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: ANNONA AVG; Annona, draped, seated l. on throne, adorned with corn-ears, feet on stool, holding on her lap a sack or corn-ears open, the ties, looped at one end, in her hands.
EF+

This reverse possibly belongs to a series of coins that outlineD an agricultural programme of the reign. Many other denarii were issued at the same time with a similar 'country' feel to them, notably: the modius reverse, Ceres either seated or standing, sow with piglets, goat-herd milking a she-goat, bull, and the two oxen reverse.

A wonderful coin in excellent condition. The obverse detail is so crisp, I'm inclined to believe that the die was used for aureii too.
1 commentsVespasian70
vesp l annona.jpg
Vespasian RIC-96647 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 966 (R), BMC 298, RSC 30
Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: ANNONA AVG; Annona std. l., with sack of corn ears.
aVF

The left facing portrait of this type is rated as rare in the RIC. Minted at a ratio of 10:1 to the right facing examples.

A very hard type for me to find. The obverse is a bit off centered, but not distractingly so.
1 commentsVespasian70
RIC_V968.jpg
Vespasian RIC-96836 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 968 (C), BMC 300, RSC 54
Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: CERES AVGVST; Ceres stg. l., with corn ears and poppy and sceptre
aVF

This coin reverse is a part of the agrarian series Vespasian issued in the last half of his reign.

Decent coin with a pleasing portrait.
David Atherton
vesp l ceres.JPG
Vespasian RIC-97053 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 78-79 AD
RIC 970 (R), BMC 300 var., RSC 54a
Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: CERES AVGVST; Ceres, draped to feet, veiled, standing l., holding poppy and two corn-ears in extended r. hand and long vertical sceptre in l.
F+

The reverse is possibly part of a Flavian agricultural programme to help restore agricultural prosperity in Italy.

A rare bust left variant. The BM sites a specimen in the Colchester Museum.
Vespasian70
V977.jpg
Vespasian RIC-977120 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 977 (R), BMC 220, RSC 220
Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: IMP XIX in exergue; Goatherd std. l., milking goat l.
VF+

One of the more interesting types issued in the whole of Flavian denarii. The goatherd milking goat reverse was minted along side a series of agrarian themed types (sow and piglets, modius and grain ears) perhaps evoking a message of agricultural bounty. The message and meaning of the reverse must have been very clear to city dwelling Romans but the subtleties are lost on us. The same type was also minted for Titus as Caesar, both types are very rare.

I had a devil of time finding this type, let alone one in such wonderful condition. Most of the reverses on these are worn away, here the rough cloak of the goatherd is distinctly visible. This coin is an obverse and reverse die match with the RIC plate coin.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
vespasian3.jpg
Vespasian RIC-98055 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 980 (C), BMC 216, RSC 216
Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, right.
Rev: IMP XIX across field; Modius, standing on three legs, containg five ears of corn upright and two hanging over the sides.
VF

A propaganda type which assures the Roman people Vespasian will keep them well fed.

I've had the left facing example of this type for a while and thought it was time to get the right facing bust. For some reason the new RIC lists the right facing example as less common than the left facing.

Good metal, standard portrait, and some minor die flaws in the obverse field.
1 commentsVespasian70
vespasian modius.JPG
Vespasian RIC-98181 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 78 AD
RIC 981 (C2), BMC 218, RSC 215
Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: IMP XIX; Modius, standing on three legs, containing five ears of corn upright and two hanging over at the sides.
aEF

A reverse which promotes Vespasian's new agricultural programme. A modius was the standard measure of grain in the Roman world. Normally the left facing portrait is rarer, which were struck at a ratio of 1:10 to the right facing types. However, in this one case the left facing are much more common.

A wonderful portrait matched with a highly detailed reverse. A slightly ragged flan is only a minor detraction.
3 commentsVespasian70
vesp r sow.jpg
Vespasian RIC-98275 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 982 (C2), BMC 212, RSC 213
Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, right.
Rev: IMP XIX in ex.; Sow left, with three young.
VF

The type was issued as part of an agrarian series of denarii that Vespasian minted in 77-77 AD.

I don't know why I put off getting this type with a right facing portrait for so long. A solid example of a fairly well known type, with a good portrait and a fine style on the reverse.
Vespasian70
vesp_den_sow___piglets.JPG
Vespasian RIC-983178 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 78 AD
RIC 983 (C), BMC 214, RSC 214
Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: IMP XIX in ex.; Sow l., with three young.
VF

A reverse that is part of the agrarian types of 78 A.D. Peace and prosperity was the norm now. One other theory concerning this type puts forward the idea that the sow and her pigglets represents the X legion based in Judaea because the pig was their symbol; a theory that I believe is stretching a connection too much.

One of my favorite coins. Artistically rendered and very pleasing to the eye with great toning.
4 commentsVespasian70
V984a.jpg
Vespasian RIC-98447 viewsAR Denarius
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 984 (R2), BMC p.62, 21, RSC 210
Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: IMP XIII in exergue; Sow l., with three piglets
F

A rare mule combing an obverse of Vespasian and a reverse of Titus as Caesar. The reverse type was issued simultaneously for both, so one can understand how they could easily have gotten mixed up.

Not in the best condition, but the legends are fairly clear and the strike is reasonably centered.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
vesp den _600 hjb capricorn rev~0.JPG
Vespasian-RIC-1058171 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 1058(C), BMC 251, RSC 554
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: TR POT X COS VIIII; Capricorn l. : below, globe
EF+

Another of Vespasian's recoinages. This time a reverse of Augustus is copied.

A coin in a remarkable state of preservation. The globe under the capricorn is normally cross-hatched. I've never come across another one with curving latitudinal lines.
5 commentsVespasian70
V1060sm.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-106053 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 1060 (R), BMC 252, RSC 556
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: TR POT X COS VIIII; Capricorn l.; below, globe
aVF

A fairly rare left facing example of the common Capricorn reverse.

Worn but well centered with nice chocolate toning. Much better in hand.

3 commentsDavid Atherton
V11430.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-106243 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 1062, BMC 244, RSC 550
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, right.
Rev: TR POT X COS VIIII; Ceres seated left, with corn ears and poppy and torch.
VF

A most vexing coin to locate, ironically the much rarer left facing example came to me first. Rated Common in the RIC.

A nice example of a late period Vespasian denarius. Good portrait.
Vespasian70
vespasian left ceres seated.JPG
Vespasian-RIC-106381 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 1063, BMC 244var., RSC 550var.
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: TR POT X COS VIIII; Ceres, draped, seated l., holding corn-ear and poppy in r. hand and torch upright in l.
EF

A continuation of the series which commemorated a new Italian agricultural programme. The obverse portrait left on this example is a much rarer variant of the usual right facing one. It is unlisted in the BMCRE and the RSC. There is one example in Oxford and another is known from an R. Ratto sale of 1930.

A wonderful coin in hand, marred slightly by a chip on the obverse.
2 commentsVespasian70
vesp rostral column.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-106574 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 1065, BMC 254, RSC 559
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: TR POT X COS VIIII; Radiated figure, naked except for slight drapery round thighs, standing r., r. leg bent, resting l. arm bent on column, holding helmet in extended r. hand and transverse spear in l.
VF+

Part of the last issue of Vespasian, this denarius shows the colossus, with the features of Nero or Titus, which was erected in 75 A.D. (BMCRE p. xlii)

A very nice denarius with an interesting reverse. The irregular flan shape is only a minor detraction.
1 commentsVespasian70
vesp l. rostral column.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-106699 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 1066 (R), BMC 253, RSC 560
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: TR POT X COS VIIII ; Radiate figure, naked standing facing, holding vertical spear in right hand and parazonium, projecting sideways, in left, on column with anchor on front and three 'rostra' projecting on either side.
VF

This coin is part of Vespasian's last issue before his death in June of 79 AD. A rare left facing portrait of the type, it is wonderfully centered, in good condition, and in a pleasing style.


4 commentsVespasian70
vespasian trophy 79ad.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-106882 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 1068 (C), BMC 246, RSC 552
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: TR POT X COS VIIII; Victory, draped, r. leg bare, stepping l. and setting round shield on trophy, consisting of helmet, cuirass, and greaves, below which sits captive l., veiled, mourning, with head propped on r. hand.
VF

Issued during Vespasian's final year, it may have served as a reminder of his accomplishements in Judaea, or perhaps it celebrates a victory of Agricola's in Northern Britain.

Another type that I found very hard in locating. There is a DIVVS version of this type (with different legends of course) issued by Titus after Vespasian's death which I have come across more often than this one.

Nice toning on it as well.

Vespasian70
V1069-1.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-106955 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 1069 (R), BMC 248, RSC 553
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: TR POT X COS VIIII; Victory stg. l., placing shield on trophy; below, captive std. l.
F+

A rare left facing obverse portrait of this Victory, captive and trophy type from 79 AD, minted in the last months of Vespasian's reign. The type was later used by Titus for the Divvs Vespasian denarii minted in either 79 or 80.

The coin is worn and a bit corroded but better in hand than the picture suggests.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
V1105sm.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-110556 viewsAR Denarius
Lyon mint, 70 AD
RIC 1105 (R2), BMC p. 76 note, RSC 82
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS ITER FORT RED; Fortuna stg. l., r. hand on prow, with cornucopiae
F+

At first glance this denarius would seem to be unremarkable. The Fortuna reverse is a well known common reverse type minted in Rome in 70; however, this example is from Lyon (Lugdunum) and is considerably rarer. It can be distinguished from the Rome mint examples based on style and the obverse legend. Style wise Lyon is known for its large headed portraits and neat, blocky legends. TR P (either I or II) is also recorded in the obverse legend, unlike at Rome. Many Lyon denarius types are copied from those minted in Rome and are sometimes misattributed by less diligent cataloguers.

A good coin with honest wear and a fine styled portrait.
8 commentsDavid Atherton
V1109sm.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-110956 viewsAR Denarius
Lyon mint, 70 AD
RIC 1109 (R), BMC 375 note, RSC 93
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS ITER TR POT; Neptune stg. l., foot on prow, with dolphin
VF

A fairly rare Neptune type which is part of an early issue from Lyon (Lugdunum) struck in 70. Rome also minted the same type but the two can be distinguished by style and obverse legend. Style wise Lyon is known for its large headed portraits and neat, blocky legends. TR P (either I or II) is also recorded in the obverse legend, unlike at Rome. The reverse type also has a more ornate prow than Rome. Many Lyon denarius types are copied from those minted in Rome and are sometimes misattributed by less diligent cataloguers.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
vespivdaeadevicta1.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-112078 viewsAR Denarius
Lyon mint, 71 AD
RIC 1120 (C), BMC 388, RSC 243
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: IVDAEA DEVICTA; Palm tree; to l., Judaea stg. l., hands bound in front
F+

A Judaea Capta type unique to the mint of Lyon. Minted in 71 AD, more specimens of this type are plated than genuine, this coin is a rare official example. The evidence that this type was well know as a fourree in ancient times can be seen from the test marks behind the neck and below the chin of the portrait.
A fairly rare type that commands premium prices because of its historical connections.

Minted on a tight flan but with full legends.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
V1124b.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-112457 viewsAR Denarius
Lyon mint, 71 AD
RIC 1124 (R), BMC 393, RSC 544
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAESARES PRIN IVEN; Titus and Domitian std. l., on curule chairs, with branches
F

This dynastic reverse type was minted both in Rome and Lyon*. Both are rare, with perhaps the the Lyon type being the rarest of the two.

Much better in hand than the photo suggests. It should tone up nicely with time.

* The type has also been attributed to uncertain western mints (See my RIC 1363 var.).
3 commentsDavid Atherton
V___obv.JPG
Vespasian-RIC-1312 (?)95 viewsAR Denarius
Tarraco mint, 70 AD
RIC 1312 (R3), BMC - , RSC -
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS ITER TR POT; Pax stg. l., with branch and caduceus
F

A mystery coin if ever there was one. The portrait style suggests a provincial mint. The seller thinks it could be Tarraco. Ian Carradice believes it is provincial also, but acknowledges Rome had a widely variable portrait style early on and without a die link it remains uncertain where this coin was minted. I too think it is a bit unusual for Rome and so have tentatively assigned it to Tarraco. The obverse style is very much like that on the RIC 1308 plate coin from Tarraco. The Rome example of the type is RIC 29 for comparison.

Admittedly not the prettiest coin but certainly interesting for a Flavian collector!
5 commentsDavid Atherton
V1340.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-134059 viewsAR Denarius
Uncertain Spanish mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 1340 (R), BMC 362, RSC 630
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: VICTORIA IMP VESPASIANI; Victory stg. l. on globe, with wreath and palm
VF+

This early undated denarius of Vespasian is fairly rare and is minted in an eye appealing style. The mint itself is uncertain, but the reverse type of Victory and Globe under Vitellius at Tarraco and the prominence of left facing busts of Galba and Vitellius from there as well, suggests a Spanish location despite the different style between the series. Future die links will most likely clear the matter up. My hunch is that it is indeed Tarraco (as assigned in the BMCRE) and the style differences can be explained by different engravers working at the mint and/or the elapsed time between the issues.

The coin is quite a beauty. The style is almost baroquely garish in its representation of Vespasian, luscious locks and all.

6 commentsDavid Atherton
VespRIC1363var.JPG
Vespasian-RIC-1363 var.79 viewsAR denarius
Uncertain western mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 1363 var., BMC 426a var., RSC 541 var.
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r., globe below
Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIANVS PRIN IV; Titus and Domitian std. l. on curule chairs, with branches
aVF

Minted very early in Vespasian's reign, perhaps for the troops of Antionius Primus in Illyricum, who were some of the first to declare for Vespasian. The type is minted later in Rome in a somewhat similar style (Rome had an eclectic portrait style at this time due to the die engravers not knowing Vespasian's features prior to his arrival or before proper portrait busts were provided), however the difference in the lettering, the presence of mint marks, and the spacing dots all point to a separate mint other than Rome.

The series is very rare and has many shared die links. Curtis Clay pointed out this specimen shares the same obverse die as the RIC 1358 plate coin which has a globe mint mark below the bust, making this denarius a unique variant of 1363.

Where the series was minted remains a mystery. Unknown military or western mint it is for now.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
ric1375.JPG
Vespasian-RIC-137539 viewsAR Denarius
Uncertain western mint, 69-71 AD
RIC 1375 (R2), BMC 422, RSC 295a
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACIS EVENTVM; Bonus Eventus stg. l., with patera and poppy and corn ears
VF+

This is an early denarius which cannot be assigned to any mint. The entire series it comes from is rare too, not to mention this is the only Bonus Eventus reverse struck for Vespasian (later Titus would issue one as Augustus). A similar Bonus Eventus was struck for Galba in Spain and the RIC speculates that an unknown Spanish mint maybe responsible for this type too. I received the coin from Spain, perhaps a coincidence? The BMCRE attributes this coin to Illyricum and the forces of Antonius Primus who were battling to secure Rome for Vespasian.

Wherever the coin was minted the style is indeed early becuase the engraver had no idea what Vespasian looked like. This is one of the most unVespasian-like portraits ever minted with the heavy brow, long neck, and full head of hair.

This is the best example I've seen of this type.

2 commentsDavid Atherton
10702LG.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-140054 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 1400 (R), BMC 434A, RSC 65c, RPC 809 (5 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAES VESPAS; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; in exergue, horizontal Φ
VF

Part of an early series from Ephesus, the coin is quite rare, as are most of the coins from the same issue. The BM has two specimens.

Minted on a fairly tight flan, the coin has a pleasing style and is in good metal.

Thanks to Curtis Clay for additional attribution help.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
VA274-0117LG.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-140462 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus Mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 1404 (R), BMC p. 90 note, RSC 248 var., RPC 811 (4 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAES VESPAS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: LIBERI IMP AVG VESPAS; Titus and Domitian veiled, togate, stg. front (heads l.), each with patera; in exergue, horizontal Φ
VF

A dynastic type minted in one of the first issues at Ephesus. Despite the ragged flan, the portrait is very noble and the reverse featuring the two young princes is quite charming. The mint mark on the reverse is barely visible below their feet.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
vespasian victory l..jpg
Vespasian-RIC-1406134 viewsAR denarius
Ephesus Mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 1406 (R), BMC 435, RSC 280c, RPC 812 (4 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAES VESPAS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE; Victory, advancing l., holding wreath in extended r. hand and palm curving up in l.; horizontal Φ in lower l. field
EF

An early issue Eastern denarius of Vespasian, perhaps one of the first. Attributed to an uncertain mint in Asia Minor, the jury is still out concerning the exact location, Ephesus is the most likely candidate.

I love this coin. The portrait is one of my favorites and the style is simply beautiful. A welcomed addition to the collection.
4 commentsVespasian70
2810301.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-140791 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 1407 (R), BMC 437, RSC 291, RPC 813 (6 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAES VESPAS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Turreted and draped female bust, r.; below, horizontal Φ
VF

A unique to this mint coin type minted early in the reign. The turreted female bust symbolises the world and the legend advertises the world peace brought by Vespasian. Flavian propaganda at its most positive.

Both portraits are in fine style and high relief.
12 commentsDavid Atherton
vesp avgwreath.JPG
Vespasian-RIC-140876 viewsAR denarius
Ephesus Mint, 70 AD
RIC 1408 (C), BMC 439 , RSC 37a, RPC 817 (10 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: AVG and horizontal Φ; in oak-wreath
aEF

This is a fairly common type with the Φ mint mark. A similar type was minted at Rome with SPQR within the wreath, this issue predates it.

Nicely centered with deep toning, large flan, and in excellent style. Good example of this type. Obverse die match with RIC 1411 plate coin.
Vespasian70
vesp titus dom asia minor.JPG
Vespasian-RIC-1411157 viewsAR denarius
Ephesus mint, 70 AD
RIC 1411 (R), BMC 443, RSC 249, RPC 819 (5 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: LIBERI IMP AVG VESPAS; Titus and Domitian, togate, veiled, standing l., each holding patera in r. hand, l. hands at sides; in exergue, horizontal Φ
aEF

An early coin issue of Vespasian announcing his intentions of founding a dyansty. Minted at an uncertain mint in Asia Minor, perhaps Ephesus.

A fairly scarce coin that I had trouble finding in good condition. This is one of the better examples I've seen...full legends and nice detail in a wonderful style.
7 commentsVespasian70
Vespasian_Denar_Ephesus.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-1412103 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 70 AD
RIC 1412 (R), BMC p. 92 note, RSC 278a, RPC 820 (5 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE; Victory adv. l., with wreath and palm; at lower l., horizontal Φ
VF+

A fairly common reverse type from Ephesus that is rare with this mint mark. You could spend a lifetime collecting the mint mark variations for this mint!

Another wonderful high relief portrait, one of the best I've seen.
A bit off-center but with good details and fine style.
(Thanks kc!)
12 commentsDavid Atherton
V1414.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-141476 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 70 AD
RIC 1414 (R3), BMC - , RSC - , RPC 822 (1 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: AVG and BY in oak wreath
EF

This is an extremely rare type from the very rare "BY" COS II series. When the new RIC volume was first published only one known example (Vienna) of this type was known, since then my coin and another example from a CNG auction in 2008 have surfaced.

Not only is this coin rare but the portrait is very stylish and the condition is superb. The best known specimen of the type and a beauty in hand.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
Vesp BY Concordia.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-141684 viewsAR denarius
Ephesus Mint, 70 AD
RIC 1416 (R2), BMC p. 93, RSC 66a, RPC 823 (1 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres, Veiled, draped, seated l. holding two corn-ears and poppy in r. hand and cornucopiae in l.; in exergue, BY
VF+

This denarius has a mint mark that the BMCRE attributes to Byzantium, however, modern scholarship is inclined to assign this mark and the other mint marked denarii of Asia Minor to the city of Ephesus.

The reverse type depicts Ceres seated on a throne holding the abundance of harvest. Issued soon after the Civil War, it may be a local expression of the 'fruits of harmony.' (BMCRE lxvi)

A coin which suffers from a touch of porosity due to it's state of preservation. Like many of the coins of Asian Minor, the artistic quality is very high.
Vespasian70
V1421.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-142170 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 70 AD
RIC 1421 (R), BMC 446, RSC 278, RPC 825 (5 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE; Victory adv. l., with wreath and palm; at lower l., BY
VF

This denarius is part of the fourth series minted at Ephesus. Most of the denarii with the BY mint mark are fairly rare.

A decently toned coin with a good portrait, although flatly struck.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
V1422sm.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-142245 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 70 AD
RIC 1422 (R), BMC 447, RSC 289, RPC 826 (4 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Turreted and draped female bust, r.; below, BY
VF

This was a tough one to ID. The obverse legend is not the most legible at a crucial area - the COS date. Upon having it in hand I can see it is COS II. The reverse should have one of two mint marks below the bust, but it is completely worn away. Luckily I found a reverse die match, amazingly the RIC plate coin for 1422, putting this denarius in group 4 with the BY mint mark.

A decent coin with excellent toning and in fine Ephesian style. Much better in hand.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
26545.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-1422B57 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
RIC 1422B (R2), BMC p. 94 note, RSC 38, RPC -
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR PPP; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: AVG and BY in oak wreath
VF

Struck in 71 AD at Ephesus, the type AVG within wreath is not rare in and of itself, however, what makes this coin special is the mint mark. Normally this type dated COS III should have EPHE as the mint mark, here there is a faint BY mark between the ties. Cohen records this reverse but the new RIC and BMC list it as unverified. Thanks to Harry Sneh I know of two other examples of this type and I was able to find one more online sold by Spink in 2004, so a total of four examples. RIC II author Ian Carradice has been made aware of this and presumably will list it as 1422B in the RIC II addenda.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
V1422C.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-1422C72 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
RIC 1422C (R2), BMC - , RSC - , RPC -
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; in exergue BY
EF+

An unlisted type for Vespasian's Ephesus Group 5 denarii. In the upcoming RIC II addenda this type should be assigned 1422C. The confronting heads of Titus and Domitian is now the only type not known for this series, which Harry Sneh pointed out to me is likely waiting to be discovered. As far as rarity is concerned - one other example is known, ex Lynn collection, so R2. Both share the same dies.

Not only is this a very rare type, stylistically it is quite stunning. One of the best portraits of Vespasian I've seen on a coin.


9 commentsDavid Atherton
V1424_R3.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-142464 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
RIC 1424 (R3), BMC - , RSC - , RPC 827 (1 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: LIBERI IMP AVG VESPAS; Titus and Domitian veiled, togate, stg. front (heads l.), each with patera; below, BY mint mark
VF

This coin has a lot going for it. The dynastic reverse type dated COS III normally has the EPHE mint mark on the reverse, here we have BY - extremely rare. The Group 5 series this coin is from is also exceeding rare, full of R3 coins and unpublished types. This particular type is listed in RIC as R3, citing an American Numismatic Society specimen (RIC plate coin), so second known example - both from the same dies.

Well centered with a wonderfully stern portrait. One of my favourite types from this mint.



9 commentsDavid Atherton
V1426.JPG
Vespasian-RIC-142670 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
RIC 1426 (R2), BMC 450, RSC 293a, RPC 828 (1 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Turreted and draped female bust, r.; below, BY
VF

A rare mint mark for this type with the obverse legend COS III. Normally one would find the EPHE mint mark on the reverse. Apparently all the other coins from the same series are R3! A rare coin indeed.

The obverse is a bit flatly struck but otherwise the coin has excellent eye appeal.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
VespEpheWreath.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-1427139 viewsAR denarius
Ephesus Mint, 71 AD
RIC 1427 (C), BMC 451, RSC 40, RPC 829 (16 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P; Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: AVG and EPHE in oak wreath.
VF+

An excellent example of Ephesus Flavian coinage. A banker's mark is in the obverse right field.
1 commentsVespasian70
la_vespasian_3.07g_17-18mm_LG.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-142879 viewsAR denarius
Ephesus Mint, 71 AD
RIC 1428 (C), BMC 453, RSC 67, RPC 830 (12 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; in exergue, EPHE.
VF

The Eastern denarii of Vespasian are one of my favorite issues. Even though style wise this coin is of average quality for Ephesus, it would be above average for Rome. A truly fine denarius with excellent detail in the chair.
3 commentsVespasian70
V1429_no_mm.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-1429 var.67 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
RIC 1429 var., BMC 455 var., RPC 831 var.
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: LIBERI IMP AVG VESPAS; Heads of Titus, bare, r., and Domitian, bare, l., confronting; no mint mark
aVF

This Vespasian denarius was minted in Ephesus in 71 AD. Normally this type should have a mint mark on the reverse between the busts of Titus and Domitian, oddly enough on this specimen it is absent. It is quite possible there was a series minted at Ephesus in 71 without mint marks, however the jury is still out. I also have an Ephesus Titus as Caesar from 71 with no mint mark (RIC 1444 var.) which lends credence to the no mint mark series.

A great coin in hand with a slightly small flan but a high relief bust.


7 commentsDavid Atherton
ric1430.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-143055 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
RIC 1430 (C), BMC 456, RSC 250, RPC 832 (10 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: LIBERI IMP AVG VESPAS; Titus and Domitian veiled, togate, stg. front (heads l.), each with a patera; in exergue, EPHE
aVF

I bought this for the portrait (and I needed this type with the EPHE mint mark), and what a portrait it is! Vespasian is shown here with his lips slightly parted as if he is about to speak, the eyes look alive, and the portrait with its bull neck and high forehead exudes an air of confidence. The reverse on the other hand looks a bit rough - it's off center and so worn poor Titus and Domitian are faceless, Titus looking more worse for wear. Still, enough is left of the engravers hand to see the stylish drapery of the robes and the regal stance of the two princes.

A truly great mint's artistic brilliance will shine through even on worn examples, this coin I believe illustrates the point perfectly.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
vesp ephesus victory.JPG
Vespasian-RIC-143174 viewsAR denarius
Ephesus Mint, 71 AD
RIC 1431 (C), BMC 457, RSC 276, RPC 833 (14 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE; Victory, draped, advancing r., holding wreath extended in r. hand and palm over l. shoulder. EPHE lower r.
aEF
1 commentsVespasian70
vesp tyche.JPG
Vespasian-RIC-143384 viewsAR denarius
Ephesus Mint, 71 AD
RIC 1433 (C), BMC 459, RSC 293, RPC 835 (14 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Bust of woman, draped, wearing crown of towers, r.; below, EPHE
aEF

This reverse from Asia Minor celebrates the Pax Romana Vespasian brought to the world. Perhaps the female figure is Cybele, the Great Earth Mother.

Not a coin you come across often. Very sharp and clear with some minor wear on the high points of the obverse.
1 commentsVespasian70
V1453best.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-145344 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 73 AD (Late)
RIC 1453 (R2), BMC - , RSC - , RPC 850 (1 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS IIII TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; in exergue, star
VF

A very rare Ephesus Group 7 denarius from 73 AD. This series has the rare COS IIII date minted very late in the year. Including my example, there are seven specimens of the Ceres seated type I know of (Coincidentally, Lucas posted one a week ago). As a historical reference, the siege of Masada took place earlier in the year and Vespasian and Titus assumed a joint censorship.

The coin needs a bit more cleaning, but I'm leaving it as is because it looks wonderful, IMHO.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
PCW-R1710LG.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-145553 viewsAR denarius
Ephesus mint, 74 AD
RIC 1455 (R2), BMC pg. 99 note, RSC 39, RPC 851 (1 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: AVG and star in oak wreath
VF

A rare type to be sure, but it was the portrait that caught my eye. A beautiful example of what Ephesus seemed to produce almost effortlessly.

Side note: although the type is supposed to have a star within the wreath, I can't see one. Perhaps it has worn completely away?
2 commentsDavid Atherton
2630313.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-145646 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 74 AD
RIC 1456 (R), BMC p. 99, RSC 68, RPC 852 (5 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; in exergue, star
aEF

This type is from one of the last major series minted at Ephesus. Also minted at Rome but here distinguished by an ornate high back chair.

Despite this denarius having a few flaws and a cracked flan, the major devices are intact and the details of the reverse are quite well preserved, especially the cornucopiae and the poppies.

3 commentsDavid Atherton
Z7772LG.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-145744 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 74 AD
RIC 1457 (C), BMC 475, RSC 277, RPC 853 (10 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE; Victory adv. r., with wreath and palm; at lower r., star
aVF

The obverse is a die match to the RIC plate coins 1457 and 1458. Notice that the COS V appears to have been re-engraved over an earlier date(?).

Wonderful Ephesus style portrait on the obverse.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
V1464.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-1463A94 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 74 AD
RIC 1463A, BMC - , RSC - , RPC -
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres, std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; below throne, annulet; in l. field, star
F+

An unlisted variant of an already rare type from Group 9. RIC 1464 has the obverse legend ending with an annulet and on the reverse a star in the exergue, annulet below throne. My coin has no annulet on the obverse and the star is in left field on the reverse. However, the annulet below the throne firmly places the coin in this group. RIC notes other coins with variant placings of mint marks in the series but has not assigned them unique RIC numbers.

UPDATE: Ian Carradice has assigned this variant its own RIC number 1463A in the upcoming addenda.

The coin needs a bit more cleaning but I shall leave it as is. The major devices and mint marks are quite visible and the dirt is not too distracting, IMHO.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
RFales121410aLG.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-147555 viewsAR denarius
Ephesus(?) mint, 76 AD
RIC 1475 (R), BMC 490, RSC 163a, RPC 1452 (6 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r. a small 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: FIDES PVBL; Hands clasped over caduceus, two poppies and two corn ears
VF

Anyone with a passing knowledge of Flavian coinage is aware of the series of denarii Ephesus issued early in Vespasian's reign, but few know about a later group of denarii Ephesus(?) issued a couple of years later in 76 AD

This later issue can be identified by the use of a letter 'o' mint mark below the bust. The style and use of a mint mark suggests the minting city is Ephesus, however the exact location is unknown. If it is indeed Ephesus then something went horribly awry with their quality control since the previous issue in 74. Reverse types clearly meant for Vespasian may end up on a coin of Titus or Domitian and vice versa (see RIC 1480 for a good example of this type of error).

Why this short lived series was minted at all is a mystery.

The reverse itself is a copy of a Rome mint type from 73 AD and most likely symbolizes good faith in agricultural prosperity. I believe the overall style is much better than the Rome mint examples for both obverse and reverse. The poppies in particular seem to be more pronounced and better executed.

For lovers of the eastern Flavian mints there is a lot to admire here.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
ric1542.JPG
Vespasian-RIC-154232 viewsAR Denarius
Antioch mint, 70 AD
RIC 1542 (R2), BMC 499, RSC 640, RPC 1916 (5 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: VIRTVS AVGVST; Virtus stg. r., l. foot on prow with spear and parazonium
aVF

Minted at Antioch in 70 AD, this early eastern type of Vespasian is one of only two times that i know of that Virtus appears on Flavian denarii, the other type being Vespasian RIC 1379 a unique coin. Virtus here symbolizes the military prowess of the emperor on both land and sea. The type was normally popular during Roman Civil Wars, so it is not at all surprising that Vespasian issued it coming out of one.

The coin is scratched and the flan is ragged and uneven but the high profile portrait remains showing a unique Antioch style.

Acquired May, 2011
3 commentsDavid Atherton
V1543A.JPG
Vespasian-RIC-1543A37 viewsAR Denarius
Antioch mint, 72-73 AD
RIC 1543A (R3), BMC - , RSC - , RPC -
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: AVGVR above TRI POT below; priestly implements
aVF

The type copies a contemporary Rome issue, but is clearly not from that mint. The best fit style wise is Antioch, which also issued this reverse type. Until this specimen surfaced, this obverse legend combined with this reverse was completely unknown for Antioch. Both are extremely rare from this mint to begin with. The new RIC II authors Ian Carradice and Ted Buttrey agree the coin is Syrian in style and have tentatively assigned it to the upcoming addenda as 1543A, although Carradice hasn't completely ruled out the possibility it is a barbarous copy. Harry Sneh also agrees the best fit is Antioch, proposing that there may have been several mints operating in Syria and this may be the product of one of them.

It is quite possible there are other examples out there misattributed to Rome as yet unrecognised, as this example had been by the seller. It pays to know your mints!
4 commentsDavid Atherton
vespasian antioch concord.JPG
Vespasian-RIC-155462 viewsAR denarius
Antioch mint, 72 AD
RIC 1554 (R2), BMC 505, RSC 74, RPC 1927 (6 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVGVSTI; Concordia, draped, seated, l., holding patera extended in r. hand and cornucopiae in l.
VF+

I love the denarii from the Antioch mint. Mostly they copied reverse types of the the Rome mint, but in an Eastern style. Normally the flans are quite small, this one is large enough to show some of the beaded boarder...which is rare for the issues from this mint.
Vespasian70
Vesp Nep.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-155585 viewsAR denarius
Antioch Mint, 72 AD
RIC 1555 (C), BMC 506, RSC, 274, RPC 1928 (9 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: NEP RED; Neptune, naked, standing l., r. foot on globe, r. knee bent, holding acrostolium in r. hand, which rests on r. knee, and vertical sceptre in l. hand.
VF+

Neptune, the home-bringer, here copies a Rome mint type from a couple of years before. When the Rome mint issued their example it signified the safe return home by sea of Vespasian after the Civil War. In 72 AD I'm not quite sure what the meaning of this Antioch issue would be.

A wonderful coin in excellent condition. I quite like the Antioch denarii, this is a good example why.
Vespasian70
image00319.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-155750 viewsAR Denarius
Antioch mint, 72-73 AD
RIC 1557 (R2), BMC 509, RSC 618, RPC 1929 (1 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: VICTORIA AVGVSTI; Victory stg. r., crowning standard and holding palm
VF+

This Vespasian denarius was attributed as a fairly common Rome mint Victory crowning standard, it actually is from Antioch and can be identified so by the different style. The lettering and the bust clearly are Antioch. The Rome example of the type is rated C2 (very common), while the Antioch type is rated R2 (very few examples known). The other two examples of this type I have seen are die pair matches with mine, which illustrates how rare this coin really is.

The whole series this coin is a part of consists of contemporary Rome mint types which were copied by Antioch.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
vespasian palm tree, captive.JPG
Vespasian-RIC-155884 viewsAR denarius
Antioch Mint, 72 AD
RIC 1558 (C), BMC 510, RSC 645, RPC 1930 (11 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: No legend. Jewess (as type of Judaea), draped, veiled, seated r. under palm-tree, in attitude of dejection, knees drawn up, head resting on l. hand, l. arm propped on knee; behind palm, prince in military dress, standing r., r. foot on helmet, holding vertical spear in r. hand and parazonium in l.
VF

A denarius that obviously celebrates Vespasian's victory over Judaea.

This is a typical example of a coin from the Antioch mint...distinctive high relief portrait , crude lettering, and a small flan.

A very much sought after reverse.
1 commentsVespasian70
vesp quadriga.JPG
Vespasian-RIC-155980 viewsAR denarius
Antioch mint, 72 AD
RIC 1559 (C), BMC 512, RSC 643, RPC 1931 (9 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: No legend. Vespasian laureate, standing in triumphal quadriga, r., horses pacing, holding branch in r. hand and scepter in left.
EF

A reverse that commemorates Vespasian and Titus' Judaean Triumph celebrated in Rome.

This denarius from Antioch is much more common than the scarcer Rome mint example. Issued as part of a series Antioch minted which were also Rome mint types.

A coin in excellent condition with much of the detail still intact. I love the high relief portraits of these issues.
2 commentsVespasian70
divi vesp.JPG
Vespasian-RIC-Titus-35791 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 79-80 AD
RIC T357 (C2), BMC T 129, RSC 497
Obv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: Capricorns, l. and r., back to back, supporting round shield inscribed S C : below, globe.
VF+

A posthumous type issued by Titus to commemorate the deification of Vespasian.

I like this coin. Most examples I've seen of this reverse type are worn and don't show the S C that is inscribed on the shield being supported by the capricorns.

Vespasian70
vespasian divvs column.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-Titus-35985 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 79-80 AD
RIC T359 (C), BMC 124, RSC 149
Obv - DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev - Column mounted by shield and topped by urn, flankrd by two laurels; in field, EX, on shield, S C
VF

There are four commemorative reverse types that were issued by Titus in honor of his father Vespasian after his death; victory and trophy ( a continuation of a reverse Vespasian issued before his death in 79 A.D.), two capricorns supporting a shield, and an ornamental quadriga.
This denarius is my favorite of the four, two laurels flanking a column and shield with an urn placed on top. The urn presumably contains the ashes of the deified Vespasian. The laurels evoke those planted outside Augustus' door. The shield with the inscribed S C show the divus honours voted to Vespasian by the senate.
Apparently Vespasian thought the idea of being deified was amusing, as his death approached he uttered the famous line "Woe's me. Me thinks I'm turning into a god."
A comet appeared in the heavens near the time of his death.
5 commentsVespasian70
vesp divus quadriga.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-Titus-361190 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 79-80 AD
RIC T361 (C), BMC 119, RSC 146
Obv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: EX S C in ex.; Tensa l., surmounted by two victories
VF
Here are Curtis Clay's comments concerning the reverse which I cannot improve upon:

The wagon is a tensa, a chariot in which the symbols of the gods were carried to the games in the circus procession. The wagon has a pediment, evidently in imitation of the temple where those symbols were normally stored.

A unique medallion of A. Pius in Berlin, illustrated by Cohen 1186, shows a similar pedimented wagon drawn by four horses, with a statue of Roma seated atop the pediment and ROM inscribed on the front of the wagon, evidently the tensa of the goddess Roma.

Suetonius and Dio Cassius report that a tensa in the circus procession was one of the excessive honors voted to Julius Caesar in 45-44 BC, shortly before his assassination.

No literary text or inscription attests that tensae were also accorded to consecrated emperors and empresses, but this fact is demonstrated by the coin types, namely the type of Divus Claudius I, your type of Divus Vespasianus, and the type of Diva Marciana showing a similar pedimented wagon drawn by two mules, BMC pl. 21.7-8.

I believe I was the first scholar to correctly identify these wagons, with a full argument bringing in several other examples too, in my paper on the coinage of Nero, Num. Zeitschrift 96, 1982, pp. 28-9 and Appendix 3.

2 commentsVespasian70
T362_sm.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-Titus-362151 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 79-80 AD
RIC T362 (R2), BMC T117, RSC 147a
Obv - DIVVS VESPASIANVS AVGVSTVS; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev - EX SC in exergue; Tensa r., surmounted by two Victories
aVF

I've been wanting to add this very rare Divus Vespasian denarius type to my collection for quite sometime. Minted under Titus in either 79 or 80 AD, the reverse shows a tensa facing right. The much more common variant of the type is the tensa facing left. The unique obverse legend, DIVVS VESPASIANVS AVGVSTVS, also differs from the other Divus Vespasian denarii, showing up only on this tensa facing right type. I've only seen two other examples of this type in trade, all (including my example and the RIC plate coin) from the same die pair, indicating just how rare this type is.

The gunmetal toning is really quite nice in hand.

4 commentsDavid Atherton
divvs vespasian victory.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-Titus-364203 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 79-80 AD
RIC T364 (C), BMC 112, RSC Vesp. 144
Obv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: EX SC l. and r. in field. Victory, draped, stepping l., with both hands placing round shield on trophy, at base of which sits mourning captive (Jewess as type of 'Judaea Victa'?) l.
VF+

This coin is part of a series of denarii which commemorates Vespasian's deification. The others in the series include the following reverses: the shield column and urn, two capricorns supporting a shield, and funeral quadriga.
The reverse is a reference to Vespasian's great victory in the Jewish War and the type was also used during the last year of his reign, of course with a different legend.

A very nice example of this type: good metal, strong portrait and a well executed reverse. Note the dot at the end of the Obv legend. I've always preferred the style of Titus' denarii which feature the dot.
4 commentsVespasian70
RPC1659a.JPG
Vespasian-RPC-165911 viewsAR Hemidrachm
Caesarea, Cappadocia mint, undated
RPC 1659 (18 spec.)
Obv: AVTOKP KAICAP OVECΠACIANOC CEBA; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: No legend; Nike advancing r., wreath in r. hand, palm in l. hand
F

All the hemidrachms from Caesarea were struck in "local style" and originate from that mint, as opposed to those coins in "Roman style" which were struck in Rome and shipped to Caesarea. Although undated they probably were minted in regnal year 9 (76/77).

Fairly worn, but in decent condition with all the main devices on flan.
David Atherton
RPC1945a_.jpg
Vespasian-RPC-194545 viewsAR Tetradrachm
Antioch mint, 69-70 AD
RPC 1945 (9 spec.)
Obv: AYTOKPAT KAIΣA OYEΣΠAΣIANOY; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: ETOYΣ B IEPOY; Eagle standing l., on club; in l. field, palm branch
aVF/VF

The different series of tetradrachms minted at Antioch are divided into groups based on style and die links. This coin is part of group 3. Groups 1-3 stylistically are similar to contemporary tetradrachms struck at Alexandria. RPC speculates these groups may have had their dies engraved in Alexandria but were struck at Antioch. The style between the two mints for these groups is indeed very similar.

Historically these tetradrachms from Antioch were minted at a time when Titus was left in charge of the Jewish war by Vespasian and waged the siege and destruction of Jerusalem. The Roman legions under Titus were paid with these coins, which show up in countless hoards in Judaea.

Nice and chunky, this example has a decent "Alexandrian" styled portrait.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC1954a.jpg
Vespasian-RPC-195444 viewsAR Tetradrachm
Antioch mint, 69-70 AD
RPC 1954 (20 spec.)
Obv: AYTOKPA OYEΠACIANOC KAICAP CEBACTOC; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: ETOYC NEOY IEPOY B; Eagle with wreath in beak standing, l. on club; in l. field, palm branch
VF

"At Antioch gold and silver currencies were struck" writes Tacitus in his book 'The Histories' concerning the early activity of Vespasian in the Summer and Fall of 69 immediately after the Eastern legions acclaimed him emperor. Large numbers of tetradrachms were struck in 69-70, which would likely have been used for legionary payment. They show up in countless hoards in the region due to the increased military activity surrounding the Jewish Revolt. During this time period Titus led three legions which he used to conduct the siege and destruction of Jerusalem.

This tetradrachm is from group 4, attributed wholly to the Antioch mint by style. Groups 1-3 are thought to have been engraved in Alexandria Egypt due to their "Alexandrian" style (see my RPC 1945). The Antioch mint engraved dies are much finer in style, this coin being a good example of that better quality. In high relief with a stunning portrait.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC2401sm.jpg
Vespasian-RPC-240150 viewsAR Tetradrachm
Alexandria mint, 69 AD
RPC 2401 (25 spec.)
Obv: AΥT TIT ΦΛAΥIOΥ EΣΠAΣIAN KAIΣ; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r., date LA before neck
Rev: EIPHNH; Eirene standing, l., with corn-ears and caduceus
aVF

The first coins struck for Vespasian anywhere in the empire are those dated "Year 1" (LA) from Alexandria Egypt. The two legions stationed there under the Prefect Tiberius Julius Alexander were the first to declare him emperor. According to Tacitus - "The first move to convey imperial status to Vespasian took place at Alexandria. This was due to the eagerness of Tiberius Alexander, who caused his legions to swear allegiance to the new emperor on 1 July" (Hist 2.79). The year 1 coins were struck between 1 July and 28 August. The obverse legend of these first coins lack the title Augustus (sebastos). However, those dated Year 2 (29 August 69 - 28 August 70) include the title, which is strong evidence that Vespasian did not immediately adopt it during the first two months of his reign. Vespasian did not arrive in Alexandria until December, so the Alexandrian die engravers probably had no idea of the new emperor's appearance. Understandably, these early portraits have more than a passing similarity to those of Vitellius. It is interesting to note this tetradrachm was struck nearly 6 months before the senate in Rome recognised Vespasian as emperor and the first imperial coins in his name were struck there.

This tetradrachm displays the unique "Alexandrian" style quite well - a large squarish head, crudely engraved, with a thick mop of hair. Despite its lack of artistry and clunkiness, I quite adore this charming style. A chunky coin in hand.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC2411.jpg
Vespasian-RPC-241147 viewsAR Tetradrachm
Alexandria mint, 69-70 AD
RPC 2411 (43 spec.)
Obv: AYTOK KAIΣ ΣEBA OYEΣΠAΣIANOY; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r., date LB before neck
Rev: EIPHNH; Eirene standing l., with corn-ears and caduceus
F+

Alexandria was the first city to proclaim for Vespasian in July 69 and most likely was the first mint to strike coins for him. This coin is dated year 2. Alexandrian years began on 29 August, so it was minted between 29 August 69 and 28 August 70. Vespasian did not initially accept the title ΣEBA (Augustus) on the year one issue, but did so by year 2. The reverse type of Eirene was quite a common reverse and was a very appropriate type for the new emperor to strike during an ongoing civil war. The Alexandrian tetradrachm was worth the same as a denarius.

A really great example of the type in wonderful Alexandrian style.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC2447.jpg
Vespasian-RPC-244725 viewsAR Tetradrachm
Alexandria mint, 75-76 AD
RPC 2447 (14 spec.)
Obv: AYTOK KAIΣ ΣEBA OYEΣΠAΣIANOY; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r., date LH before neck
Rev: ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑΤΩΡ ΤΙΤΟΣ ΚΑΙΣΑΡ; laureate head of Titus, r.
VF

Year 8 saw the last silver issue by Vespasian at Alexandria. This type with Titus Caesar on the reverse was the only tetradrachm type produced that year. By the time it was struck the style had become a bit more refined than those minted in year 1 or 2. Both portraits are in high Alexandrian style.

Well centered in good condition. A wonderful piece in hand.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
 
129 files on 1 page(s)

 

   

 
Catalog Board NumisWiki Auctions Gallery Fakes Use Google